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Full text of "The charters of the duchy of Lancaster"

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CHAETEES 



tlDjje Buciis of lancastw, // . A 



TIUN8UTBD AMD BMTUt 



WILLIAM HARDY, F.S.A, 



THE CHANCELLOB AND COUNCIL OF THE DnOHY. 



LONDON. 

W.OCCC.SLV. 



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CHANCELLOK AND GOUNCIL. 



C^natttor. 

ThB RiOHT HONDRIBLB 

Lost) GRANVILLE CHARLES HENRY SOMERSET. 
THOMAS FLOWER ELLIS, Esquirb. 

CoLOHBL CHARLES RICHARD FOX. 

fluHitor. 
JOHN GIBSON LOCKHART, Esquirk. 



Clcrfc «f tie CoiuuiX 
FREDERICK DAWES DANVER8, Ewiu»c 



J 



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PREFACE. 



This Tolume is printed by the authority, and under tbe 
direction, of the Chancellor and Council of the Duchy 
of Lancaster. It contains the cbarterB granted hy the 
Crown to the Earls and Dukes of Lancaster, from the 
year 1842, to the accession of Henry of Bolinghroke, 
Duke of Lancaster and Hereford, to the throne of 
England«hy tbe title of King Henry the Fourth, and 
the Buhsequent statutes and acts of parliament relating 
to the rule and management of tiie Lancastrian posses- 
eiona, as settled upon tbe King and his heira for ever, 
separate from tbe Crown estates- 
Much valuable information concerning the origin and 
constitution of the Duchy will be found in Plowden's Report 
of the great case of the Duchy of Lancaster, in Michaelmas 
Term, in tbe fourth year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth 
(1 Plowd. 212) ; and the recent cases of Alcock v. Cooke 
{6 Bingham, 840) and Jewison r. Dyson (9 Meeson and 
Welsby, 540) may be advantageously consulted with re- 
lation to the pre-eminent rights exercised within tbe Ducby^ 
under the several royal grants, and the confirmations 
of them by Parliament, which provide for its rule and 
government ae an inheritance vested in the person of the 
Sovereign, but apart from the rest of the royal patrimony. 
These cases seem clearly to establish the doctrine that 
all the prerogatives and privileges of tbe King belong to 
him with reference to the lands parcel of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, in no less a degree than they do with reference 
to lands which belong to him immediately in right of his 
Crown. Without, therefore, entering here upon any inves- 
tigation of the legal effect of these charters, it may he 



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convenient to add, in exposition, a brief notice of the 
Earls of Lancaster prior to the union of the Duchy and 
the Crown in the person of King Henry the Fourth. 

Eklmund Plantagenet^ a younger son of King Henry 
the Third, was the first who enjoyed this dignity. By a 
charter dated 30th June, 51 Henry HI. 1267, he obtained 
from his father a grant of the Honor, County, Castle, 
and Town of Lancaster, and so was made Eart of 
I^ancaeter. He had previously been created Earl of 
Leicester and High Steward of England, upon the for- 
feiture of Simon de Montfort, who was slain at the 
battle of Evesham on the 5th of August, 1265; and 
on the 28th of June, 60 Henry HI. 1266, he^as also 
made Earl of Derby, with a grant of all the estates of 
the last Earl, Hobert de Ferrars, who had taken an 
active part in the rebellion of De Montfort. Earl 
Edmund left by bis second wife, Blanche Queen of 
Navarre, three sons; of these the two elder, Thomas 
and Henry, were successively Earls of Lancaster. He 
died at Bayonne on the 4th of June, 25 Edw. I. 1297. 

Tbomas, second Earl of Lancaster, Leicester, and 
Derby, was also Earl of Lincoln and Baron of H^ton 
in right of his wife, Alice, daughter and sole heir of 
Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln and Constable of Ches- 
ter. Having been engaged in a rebellion against King 
Edward the Second, he was beheaded at Pomfret Castle 
on the 22nd of March, 15 Edward H. 1322, leaving 
no issue of his body. 

Henry of Lancaster, third Earl of Lancaster, brother 
of the last Earl, had been summoned to Parliament 
by writ, as a Baron of the realm, from 6th February, 
27 Edward L 1299 ; and in the Parliament holden in the 
1st of Edward IH. 1327, having succeeded in obtaining 
a reversal of the judgment against Earl Tbomas, he 
was restored to all his lands and honors, and there- 
upon became Earl of Lancaster and Leicester. On the 



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7th of May, 16 Edward III., a charter of divers liber- 
ties and franchises in all his lands aod fees was granted 
to him and the heirs of hie body.* He died on the 
22nd of September, 19 Edward III. 1345, and was suc- 
ceeded by his SOD, 

Henry, fourth Earl of Lancaster. This Henry was 
created Earl of Derby on the 16th of March, 18S7, in 
hiB fatber^s life-time, and Earl of Lincoln on the 30th 
of August, 1349. By bis repeated successes in the 
wars he acquired the reputation of a distinguished sol- 
dier, and his singular munificence ia recorded in history. 
The second English Dukedom having been bestowed 
upon this Earl, the County of (Lancaster became for 
his life a Duchy, or County Palattne: the creation of 
this regality was effected on the 6th March, S5 Edward 
III. 1851, and the title of Duke of Lancaster was con- 
ferred on him at the same time by a charter of that date, 
granted with the assent of Parliameiit.t Henry dying 
without male issue on the 24th of March, 35 Edward 
III. 1861, the Dukedom became extinct; but the Barony 
of Lancaster, which was created by the writ of summons 
of the 6th February, 1369, and was therefore a Barony in 
fee, came into abeyance between his two daughters 
and co-heirs, Blanche and Matilda, to whom, by par- 
tition, bis estates descended. The Lady Blanche, who 
became eventually the sole heir to her father, mar- 
ried John of Gaunt, Earl of Richmond, fourth son of 
King Edward the Third. 

John, sumamed of Gaunt, from Ghent in Flanders, the 
place of hie birth, fifUi Earl and second Duke of Lan- 
caster, in right of his wife Blanche Plantagenet, suc- 
ceeded to all the lands and estates of the late Duke, 
his father-in-law ; the portion of the Lady Matilda, the 
other daughter and co-heir, having upon her deatii 
without issue in 1362 vested in her sister Blanche.}: On 

* I. page 1. + III. page 9. J V. page 14. 



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the 18th of NoTember in the Bane year, be waB created 
Duke of Lancaster, to bold the dignity to bim and the 
heirs male of bis body lawfully begotten for ever.* His 
firat wife Blanche survived the birth of her son, Henry of 
Bolingbroke, scarcely more than three years, and died in 
1369. In 1S71 the Duke of Lancaster espoused Con- 
stance, one of the two daughters and co-heirs of Pedro 
El Cru^l, King of Spain, by which marriage he became 
titular King of Castille and Leonj hut he relioquisbed 
bis pretension to that title upon the marriage of bis 
daughter Katharine with Henry, son of King John 
of Spain. In the year 1372, he surrendered into the 
hands of King Edward his Earldom of Richmond, re- 
ceiving, in recompense thereof, many valuable estates in 
fee tail general ; among which are numbered the Honors 
of Tickhill and Knarestrarough, the High Peak, and many 
other lands in several counties.-|- At his request, and 
by a charter dated the 28tb February, lS77,t the 
County of Lancaster was again erected into a PalaU< 
nate, for the life of this Duke; and, in 1S90, the 
prerogative was extended to the heirs male of the 
body of the grantee.§ Duke John of Lancaster having 
been justly distinguished by the confidence of two sue- 
cessive monarcbs, his father and his nephew, whose coun- 
sels be guided with disinterested zeal, bis vast pos- 
sessions endowed by their royal bounty with all but 
sovereign power, closed his life on the 3rd of February, 
1S99, in ^e 22nd year of the reign of King Richard the 
Second ; leaving to hb only son and heir, by the Lady 
Blanche Plantagenet, the rich inheritance of this Dukedom. 
Henry of Bolingbroke, Earl of Derby and Duke of 
Hereford, having been raised to the latter dignity on 
the 29tb of September, 1397, was at Paris in exile 
when the news of his father's decease, and of the seizure 

* VI. page 17. t VIII. page 26. 

X IX. page 32. S XIV. page Ki. 



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or bis paternal estates* by bis cousid, King Richard the 
Second, determined his immediate return to England, 
DBteDsibly to claim his inheritance of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster, but perhaps with the secret intention of assuming 
a still higher possession. The result of Henry's pro- 
ceedings on his arrtval here is well known. He suc- 
ceeded in wresting Uie Crown from the feeble hands 
of its legitimate possessor, and assumed the title of King 
Henry the Fourth. 

The ducal possessions of Lancaster, and tbe ample 
estates which Henry held with the Dukedom of Here- 
ford in right of his deceased wife, tbe Lady Mary de 
Bobon, one of the daughters and co-heirs of Humphrey 
last £arl of Hereford, Esses, and Northampton, would, 
by this assumption of the regal dignity, bave merged in 
the Crown : but this politic monarch was not minded 
that BO noble an inberitance, endowed with the high and 
splendid prerogatives which the policy of preceding Sore- 
reigns had conferred upon it, should wholly be lost in 
the absorbing dignity of tbe Crown ; and, therefore, one 
almost of the first measures taken by King Henry after 
he ascended the throne, was to procure an act of par- 
liament, declaring that his eldest son, Henry, should 
hear, among bis other honors, tbe title of Duke of 
Lancaster.! ^^ *'<<> immediately caused a charter to 
he passed, sanctioned by the Parliament, ordaining that 
the Ducby of Lancaster, and all other his hereditary 

* Before Bolingbroke's departure from England, the King, to con- 
ciliate Juhn of Oaunt, had remitted four jeaia of his ton 'a banishment, the 
original sentence being for ten years from 13 Oct. ISSfi ; bat do Booncr 
was the Duke of Lancaster dead, than Richard, throwing off all semblance 
of moderaition, exiled Bolingbrolce for life and confiacated his property. 
Froissart expressly says that Hichard seized the Duke of Herefbrd'a 
patrimony, and divided it among his own bvorit«s. Sereral grants of 
theiic estates to the Duke of Surrey and other pcnions appear on the 
Patent Roll, 22 Ric. II. p. 3. (Jewison r. Dyson, tupra, 648.) 
+ XVIII, page 141. 



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estates, with all their royalties and fraachiBeB, should 
renuun to him aod his heirs (or ever ; and should re- 
main, descend, be adnunistered, and governed in like 
manner as if he neTer had attained the regal dignity.* 
And on the same day he caused a charter to be sealed 
for maintaining a similar management, distinct from the 
Crown, with respect to the Hereford estates held by him 
in right of his late wife, Mary, Countess of Derby.f 

Sir William Blackstone,:]: on the authority of Plowden 
and Sir Edward Coke, assigns as the motive King Henry 
had in not suffering his private inheritance to be united 
with the Crown the consideration that — " if he lost one, he 
" should lose the other also ; for he knew he had the Duchy 
"of Lancaster by sure and indefeasible title, but that his 
" title to the Crown was not bo assured : for that, after the 
"decease of Richard H., the right of the Crown was in 
"the heir of Lionel Duke of Clarence, second son of 
'• Edward III. ; John of Gaunt, father to this Henry IV^ 
" being but the fourth son." But surely very little foresight 
is requisite to perceive that, in losing the Crown, Henry 
would at once have been declared a traitor to the realm ; 
and it is scarcely possible to conceive that, in eucb case, 
he would have been allowed to retain possession of the 
Duchy ; — a state of things which actually did take place 
at the close of the reign of Henry, the grandson of 
Bolingbroke, when the House of Lancaster felt before 
the better fortune of the House of York. The learned 
commentator proceeds justly to remark, that these here- 
ditary estates "thus descended to his son and grandson, 
" Henry V. and Henry VI. Henry VI. being attainted 
*' in 1 Edward IV., this Duchy was declared in Parlia- 
" ment to hare become forfeited to the Crown : and at 
" the same time an act was made to incorporate the 
" Duchy of Lancaster, to continue the County Palatine 
'* (which might otherwise have determined by the attain- 

* XVII, page 102. t XVI. page 99. J Bl. Com. i. 118. 



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*'der), and to make the same parcel of the Duchy : and 
"farther, to ¥eBt the whole in King Edward IV. and 
"his heirs, Kittgt of England^ for ever; but under a 
" separate guiding and governance from the oUier in- 
*' beritances of the Crown. And in 1 Henry VII. another 
" act was made, to resume such part of the Duchy laods 
" as had been dismembered from it in the reign of Ed- 
" ward IV^ and to vest Uie inheritance of the whole in 
" the King and his heirs for ever, as amply and largely, 
** and in like manner, form, and condition, separate from 
" the Crown of England and possesuon of the same, as 
" the three Henries and Edward IV., or any of them, 
" had and held the same."* 

* " Some have enteruined an Dpiiiiou (Plowd. SSO, 1, 8 ; Lamb. 
"Arthrion, 233 ; 4. Inst. 206) that bj this act tbc right of the Duchy 
"vested on); in thenafuro/, uid not id the po&'licai perwaof King Henry 
" VII., aa farmcrly in that of Henry IV. ; and was descendible to his 
" natural heirs, independent of the succeSBion to the Crown. And, if this 
" notion were well founded, it might hsTe become t. very curious question 
" Bt the time of the SeTolution in 1686, in whom the right of the Duchy 
" remnincd after King James's abdication, and pteTJous to the MtAinder 
" of the pretended Prince of Wales. But it is obscrrable, that in the 
" same act the Duchy of Cornwall is also Tested in King Henry VII. 
" and his heirs : which could never be intended in any event to be 
" separated from the inheritance of the Crown. And indeed it seems to 
" have been understood very early alter the statute of Henry VII. that 
" the Duchy of Lancaster was by no means thereby made a separate 
" inheritance from the rest of the royal patrimony, since it descended 
" with the Crown to the half-blood in the instances of Queen Mary and 
" Queen Elitabcth } which it could not have done, as the estate of a 
" mere Duke of Lancaster, in the common coarse of legal descent. The 
" better opinion, therefore, seems to be that of those judges who heid 
" (Plowd. 221), that, notwithstanding the statute of Henry VII. (which 
" was only an act of resumption), the Duchy still remained as established 
" by the act of Edward IV., ecparate from the other possessions of the 
" Crown in order and government, but united in point of inheritance." 
The consideration of this question, however, is not materia], as the union 
of the Duchy and the Crown in the same person is now indisputably 
estnblished, having been rceagniscd by numerous acts of the l^slature 
from the accession of Queen Anne to the present time. (1 Anne, c. 7 ; 
48 Geo. III. c. 73 ; 10 Geo. IV. e. 60, s. 130; and many others.) 



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The Duchy of Lancaster tbuB heing brought into the 
aame person aa the Ctovd, the Sovereigne of EDgland, 
from the accession of Henry of Bolingbroke to the present 
day, have continued in the actual possession of this rega- 
lity, hut have always held it as an inheritance separate 
from the Crown. 

The statutes and other proceedings in Parliament re- 
lating to the Duchy, which passed after the union until 
the last great annexation of lands made to it with the 
sanction of the Legislature in the 4th and 5th of Philip 
and Mary,* afford the best possible account of its state 
and condition during that period. 

It only remains to add, that the charters in this 
volume have been carefully collated with the originals, 
where the original charter is in existence, and in every 
instance with the inrolment on the Chancery Rolls pre- 
served in the Tower of London, and in the custody of the 
Master of the Rolls, pursuant to the Statute 1 and 2 Vict, 
c. 94. The translations are close and literal, and no pains 
have been spared to render them as accurate as possible. 

The skill and assiduity of the Printers (Messrs. 
Bentlev and Co.) in carrying this volume through the 
press, requiring, as it has done, no ordinary degree of in- 
telligence on their part, cannot be passed over without 
commendation ; and it would be unjust to withhold the 
acknowledgment, that to their attention, and to the 
valuable assistance derived from their establishment in 
the revision of these sheets, is to be attributed much 
of the correctness of the work. 

W. H. 

Duchy of Lancatter O^ice, 
14(A F«bTm,ry, 1845. 

• XLVIII. page 362. 



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CONTENTS. 



CHARTER I. 
7th May, 16 Ed<r. 3. 131«.— Redtal of liberties previously grant- 
ed to Henry Earl of LsncMter, v'a. Return of writs ; plea« of 
withernam ; &aet and amercements. Cansideration for a 
more eitendicd gnuit — the merits of Henry Earl of Derby, 
■on of the «aid Earl. Grant to the said Earl of Lancaster 
and the heirs of his body of further liberties, viz.— Acquit- 
tance of paviagB and other tolls; Return of writs and sum- 
mons of the Exchequer ; Attachment of pleas of the Crown ; 
Chattels of felons and fu|{itivea; Fines and amercements, for- 
feited issues, forfeitures, &c. Memorandum of cancellation of 
this grant in the margin of the Charter Roll, 16 Ed. 3. 

II. 

Sdth Sept., S3 Edw. 3. 1349.— Redtal of Charter of Tth May, 
IS Edw. S, and of surrender thereof by Henry. Earl of Lan- 
caster, son and heir of the fanner grantee. Grant to him for 
life of the same liberties, viz. — Acquittance of tolls, be. j Re- 
turn of writs and summons of the Exchequer ; Attachment of 
pleas of the Crown ; Chattels of felons and fugitives ; Fines 
and amercemeats, forfeited issues, forfeitures, &c. 

in. 

6th March, S5 Edw. 3. 13A1.— Henry Earl of Lancaster created 
Duke of Lancaster. Grant to him for his life «f a Court of 
Chancery, Chancellor, justices, cognizance of pleas, and other 
jura regaiia in the county of Lancaster which pertain to a 
Count Palatine, as freely as the Earl of Chester enjoyed the 
same in the county of Chester. Reservation to the Crown of 
all tenths, fifteenths, and oAer subsidies and taiea granted by 
Parliament, and of the power of pardoning life, with supe- 
riority and correction of errors or defect of justice in the 
courts of the Duke of Laucaiter. The said Duke to send 
knights of the shire and burgesses to serve in Parliament, and 
to appoint collectors of parliamentary taxes and subsidies 



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CONTENTS. 



IV. 



IStb Nov., 3d Ed<r. 3. 1361. — Grant to John Eaii ofLutcastei 
and Richmond, and Bkndie hi* wife, and the heirs of their two 
bodies, of certuD liberties in the lands uid fees of the laid 
Blanche, one of the cohein of Heniy late Duke of I^ancaster, 
after tiie partition made between her and her sister Matilda, 
viz. — Return of writs ; Pleas of withemain; Fines and amerce- 
ments; Chattelsof felons and fugitives 

V. 
19th May, 36 Edw. 3. 136S.—Redtal of Charter dated 13th Nov. 
35 Edw. 3, and of descent of Matilda's iiortton on Blanche, 
the turviving coheir. Grant to John Earl of Lancaster and 
Richmond, and the hein of his bodf and of the hoAy of the 
said Blanche his wife, of certain llbertiee in all their lands and 
fees of the heritage of Henry late Uuke of Lancaster, viz. — 
Return of writs; Pleas of mthenuun ; Fines and amercements ; 
Chattels of felons and fugitives . . . ] 

VI. 

13tb Nov., 36 Edw. 3. 1363. — John Earl of Lancaster created 

I>uke of Lancaster in full Parlitunent: to hold the mid name 

and honor of Duke of Lancaster to him and the heirs male of 

bis bodf for ever . . . . . . 1 

VIL 
14th July, 38 Edw. 3. 1364.— Recital of Charter of Tth May, 
16 Edw. 3, to Henry Earl of Lancaster, and of surrender 
thereof by the son and heir of the grantee ; and furtlier recital 
that the grant so made in fee-tail could not legally be an- 
nulled. The said charter of liberties renewed in favor of John 
Duke of Lancaster, and Blaoche bis wife, daughter and heir 
of Henry the late Duke, vis. — Acquittance of tolls, Stc.; 
Return of writs and summons of the Exchequer ; Attachment 
of pleas of the Crown ; Chattels of felons and fugitives; Fines 
and amercements, forfeited issues, forfeitures, &c. Mem», 
randum on the Charter Roll, 3S Edw. 3, shewing the limita- 
tion of the above grant to the lands which were of the Earl 
of Lancaster on the 7th May, 16 Edw. 3. . . ] 



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VIII. 

S5th June, 46 £dv. 3. 13T3.— Grant of certain estate» to John 
King of CMtilleaad Leon, Duke of Lancaster, in exchange for 



the earldom of Ridiinond 



IX. 



S8th Feb., 61 Edw. 3. 13TT.— Grant to John King of Caatille and 
Leon, Duke of Lancaster, for life, of a Court of Chancery, 
Chancellor, jiuticea, cognizance of pleaa, and other jvra rtgalta 
in the countr of Lancarter which pertain to a Count Palatine, 
Bi freely aa the Earl of Chester enjoyed the Nune in the 
county of Chester. Reservation to the Crown of all tenths, 
fifteenths, and other snbBidiea and taxes granted by Parlia- 
ment, and of the power of pardoning life, with stipertority and 
correction of errorB or defect of Justice in the courtg of the 
Dulce of Lancaster. The lud Duke to send knight* of the 
shire and burgeiMS to serve in Parliament, and to appoint 
Gollectori of parliamentary taxes and subudies 



4tli June, 51 Edw. 3. I3TT.— Redtal that certun estates had 
been given to John Duke of Lancaster in exchange for the 
earldom of Richmond, and that the Duke had afterwards pe- 
tloned the King that certiun towns, which, though not spedally 
mentioned in the charter, had been included in the valua- 
tion, might by name be granted to .him, together with the 
liberties, &c enjoyed by Queen Philtppa, the former tenant 
for life of the eaid estates. Considerations of present grant, 
vii. — To quiet possession, compensate for Uberties enjoyed by 
the Duke in the earldom of Richmond, and further the great 
merit* of the grantee, (irant that the said Duke may retain 
the towns of Grinstead (parcel of the manor of Marsfield), 
Seaford (parcel of the castle and leucata of Pevensey), and 
LaughtOD-ln-le-Morthen (parcel of the honor of Tickhill), with 
the other eetates given to him in exchange for the said earl- 
dom of Richmond; and enjoy therein certain liberties, &e., 
viz. — Knights' fees, advowaons, wardships, marriages, escheats, 
chases, parks, warrens, wreck, waif and stray ; Finee and 
amercements \ Forfeited issues u)d forfeitures, &c. in any 
of the King's courts ; and the Duke may levy the same by his 

as 



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own officeiB, by eatresta to be delivered to them ; Chattela of 
felons and fugitives ; Keturn and executioQ of writs and sunw 
moos of the Exchequer ; aod fines and amerceroents of sheriS* 
and bailifib «f liberties fur negligence . - • '■ 

XI. 

1 Jth Sept., I Ric, S. 13T7. — Confirmation bj IntpexUmi» of the 
Charter dated 14th July, 3S Edw. 3. 1364 
XII. 

Uth Sept., 1 Rio. S. 13TT.— Confirmation by Intptximui of the 
two Charters, dated severally S5th June, 46 Bdw. 3. 1373, and 
4th June, £1 EMw. 3. 13TT ..... 

XIII. 

10th Nov., « Ric. 3. 13T8.— ReciUl of grant of County Palatine 
to John King of Castille and Leon, Duke of Lancaster, and 
that the grantee bad subsequently petitioned the King to have 
the general words specially expressed on certnin points ; the 
said general words are therefore declared to embrace the 
powers exercised by the Duke in virtue thereof, viz. — To 
have his Exchequer and barons thereof in the County Palatine, 
and the appointment of justices of the forest, except in pleas 
arising where the Crown is a party . , . i 

XIV. 
leth Feb., 13 Ric. 8. 13S0.— Recital of the Charter of King 
Edw. 3, creating his son John Duke of Lancaster, and of 
his grant to him for life of a Chancery and jura r^alia as 
a Count Palatine in the county of Lancaster; and further 
recital of the tetters patent Bubsequently granted by King 
Richard the Second, on the Dute's petition in Parliament, 
declaring that, by virtue of the general word^< in the grant of 
the Palatinate, the Duke should have his Exchequer, and ap- 
poinlment of justices of the furest, during the Duke's life ; and 
a further recital that the Duke had netitiuned for a grant of 
these rights in tul-male. The King, in consideration of the 
high merits of the Duke, grants that he and the heirs male 
«f bis body shall have in the county of Lancaster their Clian- 
eery, justices to hold pleas, and jum regalia, as freely as the 
Earl of Chester ; their Exchequer and barons thereof, aud the 
appointment of justices of the forest; except in pleas arising 
where the Crovn is party. Reservation to the, Crown of par- 



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Usmeiitary aids aDd teiea, pardon of life, and coTrection of 
erroneous judgmenti, or in failure of justice. The add Duke 
and hifl heirs to itm) members to Parliament for the shire 
and boroughs, and to aasigo collectors of subsidies and times 
granted by Parliament. Title of Duke of Lancaster to be 
retained . , . .6 

XV. 
SBth June, SO Ric. 9. 1396.— Confirmation by Jrupeximu» of the 
two Charters dated severallj' ISIh M>7, 36 Edw. 3. 13S«, and 
Idth Sept, 1 Ric. 8. 1.^77, and of a third Charter, also dated 
1 5th Sept., 1 Ric. 8. 1377,— notwithstanding non-user, and with- 
out let from any the King's bailiffs or ministers. The merits of 
the grantee, John Duke of Lancaster, the King's uncle, being 
a consideration for more ample grace, the King grants to him 
for term of hU life certain additional liberties, viz. — All fine» 
for tretpass, prs-fines and post-fines, ransoms, amercements, 
forfeited issues : Forfeitures, year, day, and waste, imposed 
or adjudged in any oourt, as fully as the King would have 
them if not granted to the said Duke'; and the Duke may 
levy the same by his own officers, by estreats to he delivered 
to them, without let from the King's officers : Assay and 
asaixe of bread, and other matters belonging to the office of 
cUrk of the market: Chattels of felons and fugitives, and 
may seize the same without let from the King's bailifla or 
ministers : Return and execution of writ*, summons, estreats, 
and precepts: Attachment of pleas of the Crown; No sheriff, 
or other bailiff of the King, may intromit, unless in default : 
Fines and amercements of sherifls and luuliffii of liberties for 
negligence; Wayfs and strays; Deodandsi Treasure trove; 
Munour; — Saving of liberties before granted in fee-tail 

XVI. 
14th Oct., 1 Hen. 4. 1399.— Recital that the King held certain 
estates for life of the heritage of his deceased wife Mary de 
BohuD. Declaration that the said estates shall continue to 
be managed as though the King had not ubtcuned the cruwn. 
The tenants may enter and hold afler their ancestors' death, 
as they had been accustomed. Ssring the royxl prerogative 
as to marriages. The Chancellor of Englnnd shall not present 
to church benefices belonging to the said heritage. All re- 
ceivers and others to account before special auditors, and not 
at the royal Exchequer ...... 



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CONTENTfl. 



XVII. 



14th Oct., iHen. «. IS99- — Redtal that the King held the Duchf 
of Lftncaster and other estatee in various countiea hy inherit- 
ance, and that divers libertieH and jura r^afia had been granted 
therein by the several Cbutere after in tbia grant recited ; viz. 
thatofSSth Feb., 51 Edw.3. 13TT— 16th Feb., 13 Ric. S. 1390— 
end S9th June, SO Ric. i. 1396. DedaratioD of the rojel in- 
tention that the Duchy of Lancaster, and other eitatee of the 
heritage of Lancaster, ahall not be changed by the King's 
aaBumption of the regal dignity; and the franchises «itii 
which John late Duke of Lancaster beld the same sfaall be 
continued. Settled upon King Henry the Fourth and his 
heirs specified in the preceding charters, — to remain as before 
his accession to the crown. The same libertiea and yum 
regaSa to be exercised as well In the said Dudiy as other 
the stud estates, throughout, and to be governed by the tike 
officers as before. The tenants may enter and held after 
their ancestors* death, as they had been accoetomed. Preriao 
for the tenants of the County Palatine of Lancaster. Saving 
the prerogative ss to marriages out of the County Palatine. 
The Chancellor or Treasurer oF England not to intermeddle 
in presenting to church benefices. All receivers and others 
to account before speual auditors, and not at the royal Gx- 
cHequer . . li 

xvni. 

loth Nov., I Hen. i. 1399.— SUtute declaring that Henry, the 
King's eldest son, shall bear the title of Prince of Wales, 
Duke of Aquitaioe, of Lancaster, and of CorniraU, and Earl 
of Chester. The franchises to remain with the Prince and hia 
heira, Dukes ef Lancaster, dissevered from the crown . I 

XIX. 
Tth June, T Hen, 4. 1406. — Proviso as to the Duchy of Lan. 
caster in the settlement of the crown. [Void, because it 
occur? otherwise and in other form in the eighth year,] 8sd 
Dec, B Hen. 4. 1 406. Proviso as to the Duchy of Lancaster, 
The act of limitation of the crown to the heirs male of the 
bodies of the King's four sons repealed. Settlement of the 
crown after the King's demise on his four sons, and the heirs 
of their respective bodies, aucceaavely. Proviso aa to the 
Duchy of Lancaster . . . . . 1 



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19th Nov^ 8 Hen. d. UU — For amwxing the t 
the earldom «T Hereford to the Dadij of Lnncartar, vii.— The 
herita^ of the ewldoai of Hereford iball be Mvered iirom the 
crown, and be umexed to the Duch; of Lanoaiter. The 
latida, and men and tenant* thereof, shall be under rule 
and maoa^ement of Thusby officen. Redtal that the late 
King Henry the Fourth held the Duchy of Lannaeter end 
other eatatea in Tariona countiea by inheritanoe, before hia 
•cceodon to the wown ; and that divera liberties and Jura 
r^uHa had been granted therein by aeveral charters. That 
the taid King, being anirilling that hie Duchy and other 
estates should be changed by his assumption of the r^al 
dignity, had settled ths eaine upon himself and his hein 
speuBed in the charters, — to remain aa before hie accession 
to the at)wn ; with the same liberties and jura regalia to 
be exercised a* well in the said Duchy a* other the said 
estate*, throughout, and to be governed by the like officen 
aa before ; tltat the tenants might enter and hold after their 
ancestora' death, as they had been aocustomed. Prerlect for 
the. tenants of the County Palatine of Lancaster, eaving the 
prerogatire as to marriage* out of the County Palatine. And 
that the Chanoellor or Treasurer of England should not 
intermeddle in presenting to church benefices. All receivei* 
and others should account before special anditon, and not at 
the royal Exchequer. Recital of grant from King Eldward the 
Third of acquittance of toUs, dec, and of King Richard's grant, 
for term of life of the Duke of Lancaster, of fines for treapaw, 
prv-finea and post-fines, ransoms, amercements, forfeited 
iMuea; Forfeitures, year, day, and waste, — imposed or ad- 
judged in any eourt, and as fully as the King,— that the 
same might be levied by the Duke of Lancaster's own officen, 
by estreat* to be delivered to them, without let from the . 
King's ofBcete ; -assay and assise of bread, and other mattera 
belonging to the office of clerk of the market; chattels of 
felons and fugitives, — without let from the King's bailiffs 

' orministen; — Return and execution of writs, summons, es- 
treat*, and precepts ; Attachment of pleas of the Crown, — and 
that no sheriff or other bailiff of the King shonld intromit 
unless in default ;— Fines and amercements of sherilTs and 
bailiff* of liberties for negligence ; VVayfs and strays, deo- 



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XU CONTENTS. 

dands, treasnra trove, mwiHtur- And further recitsJ that 
King Henry the Fourth with the assent of Parliament had 
dectared that the «ame llbertiei and jura rtgalia should be 
exercised aa well in the said Duchy as other the said estates, 
throughout, and should be governed by the like officers as 
before. Confirmation of the charters above recited. Decla- 
ration that the liberties, customs, and franchises shall be 
exercised, throughout, without let from the King's officers. 
All matters heretofore passed under the Duchy seal declared 
to be valid. The same seal to be used in future for the affairs 
of tbe Duchy. Further recital that divers other estates had 
descended to King Henry the Fifth by inheritance in right 
of his mother, daughter and co-heir of Humphrey de Bohun, 
Earl of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton. The said he- 
ritage severed from the crown and annexed to tbe Ducby of 
Laacuster. The lil>ertiee and jura r^aiia shall be exercised 
throughout the estAtea of the earldoms of Hereford, Essex, 
and Northampton ; and by the officers and minister* of tbe 
Duchy ; and the said estates shall be subject to the some rule, 
management, aod seal, and the same liberties and j'uni rtgalia 
be exercised therein, as were used in the Duchy of Lancas- 
ter, out of tbe County Palatine. All matters relating to said 
estates heretofore passed under the Duchy seal declared valid. 
The tenants and resiants shall enjoy the liberties and customs 
without let from the King's officer*. Presentations to eccle- 
siastical benefices shall pass under the Duchy seal. Chan- 
cetlor or Treasurer of England not to intermeddle by reason 
of the King's title, or of tbeir offices. All lands which since 
the ordinance of King Henry the Fourth have come into the 
Kinfc*s hands by escheat, forfeiture, or otber^ise, in right of 
the Duchy, shall be annexed thereto, and all lands so coming 
into the King's hands in future shall be forthwith annexed to 
the heritage to whidi they are known to belong ; all estates so 
annexed shall be subject to the like rule, mann^ement, and 
seal, and the said liberties and >ura rrgoBa be exercised there ISl 

XXI. 
19th Nov., «Hen. 6. 141«. — Statute enacting that justices of 
peace shall be appointed from persons resident in the respec- 
tive counties, except justices of assize. The chief stewards of 
the Duchy of Lancaster fur north and south parts shall be 
justices of peace ...... 1G8 



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XXII. 

11th May, 4 Han. 6. 141S. — Statute relative to the Duchy of 
Lanouter and iti Btewardi, and u to the Duchy seal, on 
petition of the Commons for confirmation of the letten patent 
granted in the Parliament holilon S Hen. 5, and for cer- 
tain clauses to he added thereto, viz.-^Tbst the chief ate vrarda 
of the Duchy «hall be named In all commiaeioni of the peace. 
No grants, &c. coocerninif the Duchy, passed under any other 
seal than the Duchy seal, shall be valid, hut the same shall be 
null and void for ever . I 



XXIII. 

6th May, 6 Hen. 5. 14S1. — Proceeding In Parliament relative to 
the partition of the inheritance of Humphrey de Buhun late 
f^l of Hereford and Essex. For Lady Anne Countess of 
Stafford. Her petition to the King. Prayer — that in pur- 
suance of the partition ne»ly made of the heritage of the 
earldom of Hereford between the King and the Countess of 
Stafford, all that estate may again be of like nature at 
common lav aa when the Earl died, notwithstanding the 
annexation of the King's inheritance to the Duchy of Lan- 
caster hy statute S Hen. S. The King's answer — that the 
said Act be repealed, so far na regards the annexation to the 
Duchy of Lancaster of the King's heritage of the Bohnn 
estates, and that the purpnrty so newly assigned to the King 
be severed from the crown, and annexed to the Duchy in 
such manner as the former annexation had been made by 
the Act of 8 Hen. 6 ; and so with re^rd to the fees and 
adrowsons in gross not yet divided. Saving the rights of 
claimants under any entails in the event of extinction of the 
heirs of the body of Mary de Bohun. The partition now 
made between the King and the Countess, and such as may 
hereafter be made, shall stand in force. The purparty as- 
signed to the Countess shall i)e as free and discharged a* at 
the death of Humphrey de Bohun. The Chancellor and 
Lords of the Council may reform the partition within two 
years. The Countess to have the choice uf pardon for en- 
tering upon her purparty withonl suing livery, or the King's 
licence to enter (■.,-.. 173 



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XXIV. 

9th Not., 1 Hon. S. 1499.— ProoMding ic Parliunent reUUve to 
the p&rtitioa to be mwie between the King and Lady Anna 
CounteM of Btafibrd, of the feea and advowMDa in groM of the 
heritage of the earldom of Hereford, Eaeex, and Northampton. 
Petition of Aone Counteu of Stafford that auch partition be 
made, and that it may be determined whether Penkelly, 
Broyn-llyi, LUngoit, and Cantreffcelly, be lordafaipa in groaa, 
or member* of Brecon Cattle . . ' . , V 

XXV. 

S6th June, 10 Hen. 6. 1433.— Proceeding in Parllatnent on the 
petition of Anne Countess of Stafford, that a partition be made 
of the feea and advowaona in grOM of the heritage of the earl- 
dom of Hereford . • • ■ . i'- 

XXVI. 

14th Jan., 18 Hen. 6. 1440.— Enactment that the revenues of 
the Duchies of Lancaster and Cornwall shall be applied to tiie 
eipeuse* of the King's houaahold for five yean . ■ 2t 

XXVIl. 
14th Jan., 18 Hen. 6. 1440. — Enactment that the surplus re- 
venues of the lands, parcel of the Uuchy of Lancaster, held 
by Feoffees to the use of King Henry the Fifth's will, beyond 
£3,000 per annum, be applied to the expenses of the King's 
household • ■ • • • - S( 



XXV in. 

14th Jan., IB Hen, 6. 1440. — Enactment that one-fourth of the 
tenth and fifteenth granted for the defence of the realm be 
applied to the expenaes of the King'a household . . 9 



S5th Jan., 30 Hen. 6. 1 443-— Enactment that certain persons may 
be aaugned to receive the declaration of the Feoffees of lands, 
parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster, to the use of King Henry 
the Fifth's will, touching the execution of the same . 1 



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XXX. 

«th April, 84 Hen. 6. 144«.— Enactment that the King's l«tt«n 
pateot be made out, coofirmiog the wversl letters patent, 
puM<l under the Duch; »eal, for coDvejiag certain Uada to 
Feoffees to perform the will of King Henry the Sixth . 9 



XXXI. 

Iflth Jalj, ST Hen. S. 1 US.— Enactment that certain landa^ 
parcel of the l}uijbj of Lancaster, be granted bj letters patent 
to Feoffees to perform the will of King Henry the Sixth. 
The Feoffees of the lands so granted, and likewise of those 
granted In the Parliament begun at Westminster in the 83rd 
of Henry the Kzth, ahall enjoy the «ame liberties, privilegea, 
and jura regalia. Bee. therein, as fully as when the said lands 
were in the King's bands. The lands shall be under the same 
rule aa theretofore, and the tenants enjoy tfaeir liberties as 
before ; provided the lands be in the hands of the Feoffees, 
or in the King's hands by their aaalgnmeot ; without let from 
the King's sherifb, coroners, or other bailiffs. All matters 
connected with the said lands or the officers thereof to pais 
under the seal ordained for the same , . s 



XXXII. 

SOtb Nov., 38 Hen. 4. 1459.— Appointment by letters patent 
read In Parliament of new Feolbea to perform the will of 
King Henry the Sixth, in room of eartaln of the FeoAea 
(^pointed under the Acts of 93 Hen. 6 and 8T Hen. 6, woce 
deceased. The estate of surviving Feoffees shall cease, and 
the new Feoffees hold aa fully aa the late. The King's term 
and estate saved in the premises demised by the Feoffeea. 
I'he issues and profits of the premieee to be applied only in 
fulfilment of the King's will, though demised to the King by 
the Feoffees for a farther term. The Feoffees shall enjoy the 
liberties and jura rrgaUa, Sec. In the premises, or the King- 
holding by demise from the Feoffees, and likewise the tenants 
and reslants, as before. The premises shall be managed under 
same rule as before .2 



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XXXI II. 

7th Oct., 30 Hen. 9. It60.— Enactmeat th«t the Uods, parcel 
of the Duchf of Lanceater, put in feoffment for performance 
of the will of King Henry the Sixth, shall not hencefartb 
be governed by a distinct seal and officers, but shall be 
managed by the officers and seal of the Dncby, as they 
were in ancient timea before the making of aueh feoffment . 356 

XXXIV. 

7th Oct., 39 Hen. 6. IMO.— The Commons pray that the re- 
venaee of the Duchy of Lancaster be paid over by the Re- 
ceiver-General to the I'reasurer of England, to be employed 
forthe present necessity of the realm. Saving all fees payable 
to the officers of the Duchy. Saving for Richard Earl of 
Warwick. Answer—Not to extend to lands in feoffment. 
The ReceiveT'General to account before auditors of Duchy, 
and not in the Exchequer ..... 861 

XXXV. 

7th Oct., 39 Hen. 6. 1460.— Enactment that new Feoffees, to 
perform the will of King Henry the Sixth, be appointed in 
room of certain of the Feoffees appointed under the Acta of 
S3 Hen. 6. and ST Heo. 6, since deceased. The estate of sur- 
viving Feoffees ihall cease, and the new Feoffees hold as fully 
as the late. The King's term and estate saved in the premiaee 
demised by the Feoffees. The isEues and profits of the pre- 
miaeg to be applied only in fulfilment of the King's will, though 
demised to the King by the Feoffees fur a farther term. The 
tenants and resiants shall enjoy the same liberties, &c., and 
the premines be managed by the officers of the Duchy of Lao- 
caster, and under the Duchy seal .... S64 

XXXVI. 

4th Nov., 1 Edw. 4, 1461.— Enactment that Henry, late called 
King Henry the Sixth, be attainted of high treason, and shall 
forfeit all his posgessions of the Duchy of Lancaster to the 
Crown; — the said possessions from ith March (a, d. 1461) 
ehall be incorporated, and called " The Duchy of Lancaster ;" 



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the King to bold the same to him and hU hein King* of Eng- 
land. The county of Laocaater, a County Palatine — parcel 
of the Duchjr — (hull have a Seal, Chancellor, &c., another teal 
called the Seal of the Duchy of Lancaaterj and a ChanoellDr, 
&c The offieera of the Duchy, and the tenante, ihall enjoy 
all libertiei, &&, •• la the time of King Henry the Fifth . f 

XXXVII. 

IWh Nov., 1 Edv. 4. IWl.— ConfirmatioD by Irupeximut of the 
Parliamentary Charter, dated lUh Oct., 1 Hen. i. 1399. Re- 
dtal of Act declaring the forfeiture by Henry the Sixth of hia 
poaaes^ne of the Duchy of Lancaster to the Crown ;— the 
■aid pcaaesaions from 4th March (a.d. 1461) ihall be Incorpo- 
rated, and called " The Duchy of Lancaster;" the King to 
hold the flame to him and his heirs Kings of England. The 
county of Lancaaler, a County Palatine — parcel of the Duchy 
— shall have a Seal, Chsncellur, &c., another teal called the 
Seal of the Duchy of Lancaster, and a Chancellor, &c. The 
oflicen of the Duchy, and the tenants, shall enjoy all liberties, 
&c., as in the time of King Henry the Fifth . , S 



S3rd Feb., 14 Edw. 4. 1 47 5. —Enactment that certain lands, 
parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster, be put In feoffment for 
performance of the will of King Edward the Fourth; his 
intention being to cross the sea in penan for recovery of the 
realm of France. The will performed, or in case the King 
shall declare no will concerning the premises, the Feoffees to 
be seized thereof to the use of the King and his heira; the 
same to continue in their hands as parcel of the Duchy, with 
all libertiei, &c., and under rule of the Duchy officers. All 
leases, grants of offices, &c during the King's life to pan 
in tbe King's own name, by warrant and under the Duchy 
seal. Feoffaes to hold the premieea to said intent, notwith- 
standing any lease, &C. All officers at time of tbe King's 
death to continue, and all leases, grants, &c., thenceforth 
to be made in name of Feoffees by warrant, and under the 
Duchy seal ; same to be as good in law as though made 
under «eala of Feoffees. Saving to the Queen. General 
saving. Proviso in case of death of Feoffees . .3 



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XYIU CONTENXa. 

XXXIX. 
Irt Mirch, 14 Edw. 4. 147«. — Bnaduent tlut the OTdinsnoe 
made 6tfa Oet. aj>, 1473, fiir pajuent of the King*! debt» 
(assigned by Ffttent Bill or TaUy on the poneniona of the 
Duchy of Laocaater, Ste,), upon proof of g<aod groond to be 
g^Ten to the Bsroni of the Exchequer before the Quinzaine 
of Easter, a. D. 1475, afaall continue in force until Seth May, 
A. D. 147A . . . . . . S 

XL. 
SOth Jan., 29 Edw. 4. 1 4H3.— Enactment that the King, in right 
of his Duchy of Lancaater, Bhall not be deprived of ward- 
ship and marriage, and reliefs, by reason of feuSinentB in 
truat, &c. This Act not to be prejudicial to the performance 
of any wills of lands. Saving to the Kings reasonable portion 
of such lands for the finding of the heir during nonage, and 
the wardship of the residue of the lands after performance of 
the will. Saving of the King's prerogative for ward of the 
body. Writs shall be granted out of Chancery against emtiex- 
■lersof the King's ward in right of the Duchy in lilce nuuiner 
as in right of the Crown. The Judges in wiy of the King's 
courts shall have power to award process by cofiiiu, on in- 
formation of the Attorney-General of the Duchy. The King, 
in all actions and suits in right of the Duchy, shall recover 
damages as a subject. This Act to take effect from Easter, 
A. D. 1483. Not to prejudice the Bi^op of Norwich and 



XLI. 
7th Nov., 1 Hen. 7. 1485.— Recital of Act of Feoffment of aSrd 

Feb. 14 Edw. 4. Repeal thereof from 81st August, a. d. 

1 4SJ. The lands late in hands of the Feoffees under said Act, 
the County Palatine of Laocaster, and all estates parcel of the 
Duchy (held by Kings Edward the Fourth and Richard the 
Third), vested in King Henry the Seventh and hie heirs for 
ever; with all liberties; to he governed by like officen and 
seals, in as ample manner, separate frooi the crown, as in the 
times of King Henry the Fourth, or any snlisequent King. 
Receivers and others shall be chs^^ble to the King for all 
monies due to the late Kings Edward or Richard. The King 



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CONTENTS. XIX 

to hare like remedy for reeoveiy thereof, uid the derendanta 
like snawera for their discharge. All grauta of officea re- 
quiring actual exercise, made by the King before tfaii Act, 
■hall be as valid as if made linoe ; all other gnuitu to officera 
•ctiDg bf deputy ihall be void. Saring of right*. Provin 
for Cecily DacheM of York. AwMit . .341 

XLIl. 

17th Oct., 7 Hen. T. IWl.— An Act for putting landi, parcel of 
the Duchy of Lancaster, into the haoda of Feofleee. Preamfale 
•tating the King's intended departure into France, to war; the 
honon of Lancaster and Clithero, and diven other lordships. 
Sec, parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster, limited to Feoffees to 
the use of the King's will. After perfbnnance of the said will, 
or If no will, the Feoffees shall be seised to the nse of the King 
and bb heirs. The same premises shall continue to be parcel 
of the Duchy of Lancaster. All officers and govemon of the 
Duchy shall remain, with their fees, &c. Feoffments, leases, 
&c., to be made during the King's life shall be good. Assui^ 
anoe to the Feoffees, notwithstanding leases and grants- At 
the time of the King^ death officera shall remain ; and feoff- 
ments, leases, &c., afterwards shall be made in the nsme of 
the Feoffees. Rents and services shall be payable to the King 
during his life, with wards, marriage*, and reliefs ; and after 
hie death to the Feoffees. The King may lery arreais. All 
actions shall be in his name. {Not nprtnferf.) . 349 

XLIII. 

SSth Jan., 19 Hen. T. 1504. — An Act for the appointment of 
new Feoffees in the room of others deceased. Recital of Stat. 
7 Hen. 7, c. IS, § 1, S, for limiting estates to Feoffees, to the 
use of the King's will ; decease of several of the said Feoffees; 
new Feoffees app(»nted ; such Feoffees shall be seized, jointly 
with the survivors of the former Feoffees, to the uses of the 
retited Act. Succeeding Archbishops, &c. shall become 
Feoffeee in the stead of their predeceasDTs. (Xot reprinted.) . 350 

XLIV. 
16th Jan., 33 Hen. 8. IMS,— An Act coneeTning the order of 
Wards end Liveries. {Not reprinted.) . . .351 



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S3rd Not., 37 Hen. 8. Ui5— An Act fur uinexing lands fa 
Duchj of LsncMter. (Not repHnterf.) 



4th Nov., 1 Edw. 6. I«i7.— An Act whereby certain diantriea, 
ct^egM, free dispell, and the powontriona of the «ame, be given 
to the King's MaiMtr. {Not reprinted.) . . .3 

XLVII. 

SlstOctl.SandS Pliit.and Maiy, 155j.— AnAct fortbeenlai^ 
ingof theDuchjr of Lancaater. Preamble shewing thedecay of 
the revenue* of the Duch; of Laacaster ; all lands of the 
Duclij alienated at nnj time since SBth Jan., I Edw. 6, 
and since then re-vested in him or Queen Marj, shall be 
re-united and annexed to the Duchf, aa in their ancient 
estate ; and shall paw under the seal of the Duchy, Etc. 
Other lands may be annexed to the said Duchy by the 
Crown; and shall then be under luney of the Duchy court, 
&c. in like manner aa other lands of the Duchy. General 
saving of titles of strangers. Ancient Crown lands, &c. shall 
not be annexed under this Act. Rents shall be paid in the 
Duchy court at Westminster; leases shall be sealed with the 
Duchy teal. {Nat reprinted.) . . 3i 

XLVIII. 

15th April, 4 and A Phil, aad Mary, 1519.— Letters Patent 
under the Great Seal of England, whereby certain manors, 
&e., in the counties of Hertford, Essex, Bucks, Suffolk, 
Sussex, Cambridge, and York, are annexed to the Duchy of 
Lancaster by the authority of the Act of 3nd and Srd of Phil, 
and Mary . . . . . .31 



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CJ^aiRCCiRIS 



THE CBOWN 



bt autj)p of J,anta«(ter. 



idb, Google 



Pro Henrico Cohite LANcAaTRis. 

nUWARDUS Dei gratia Rex Aagli» et Franca» 
et DomiDus Hibemiee archiepiscopia episcopis ab- 
batibuB prioribus comitibuB baronibus justitiariis 
vicecotnitibus prsepoaids ministris et omnibus bal- 
UtIb et fidelibus suie Balutem. SciadB quod cum nuper de 
gratia nostra Bpeciali et ob affectionem sinceram quam ad 
perBonam consaDguinei et fidelis noatri, Henrici Comitia 
Lancastriee, gerebamus et habuimus, necnon in recompeosa- 
tionem dampnonim et eumptuum qu« idem Cornea pluries 
et multiplitnter auatinuit pro conBerratione honoriB noetri, 
et jurium coronee nostiee, ac uegotiis regni noBtri feliciter 
diiigendia, per cartam noatram coDcesserimua, pro noble et 
hseredibuB noetris, eidem Comiti quod ipse et hasredes aiu 
de corpore buo legitime procreati imperpetuum habeant re- 
torna omnium brevium nostrorum et heeredum nostrorum, 
et omnia placita de vetito namio in terria et feodis suis ; et 
etiam quod babeant omnee fines et amerciamenta omnium 
bominum et tenendum auorum, felonum et fugitivorum, 
et dampnatorum, prout in eadem carta nostra plenius 
continetur : Nob attendentes laudabilem gestum ipsiua Co- 
mitis erga nos et nostros, necnon ob sinceram dilectionem 
quam ad perBonam dilecti consanguinei et fidelis nostri 
Henrici Comitia Derbiae, filii preedicti Comitis, tarn propter 
excellentiam meritorum quam locum magnum quem nobis 
et toti regno nostro, non absque laboribus gravibua et 
expensis oneroBis, tenuit et tenet in prfeseuti, gerimus et 
babemus ; Volentes prfemissorum consideratione prtefato 
Comiti Lancaatriee ampliorem gratiam facere in faac parte, 



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For Hehry Earl of Lakcaste».* 

pIDWARD. by the grace of God, King of England If'^S'.z. 
and Francs, and Lord of IreUiKl, to htB aixfa- *'*^ '"*' 
bishops, bishops, abbots, priors, earls, barons, 
J justices, sherifls, reeves, ministers, and all bis 
bailifis and faithful people, greeting. Knorw ye, that lUGiidoni- 
whereas lately of our especial grace, and by reason of the "'^^K 
nncere affection which we bad and bore to the penoa 
of our trusty couran Henry Earl of Lancaster, and also 
in reeompence for the costs and losses which the same 
E^l had many times and in manifold ways sustained 
for tbe coDservation of our honor and the rights of our 
crown, and in succesaAiIly directing the aflaira of our 
realm, we did grant by our charter, for us and our beirs^ 
to the same Earl, that he and the heirs of hia body law- 
fully begotten, for ever, should have the return of all writs a««aidof 
of us and oar heirs, and all pleas of withernam in tfaeir arw^ 
lands and fees ; and also that they should have all fines, j^J^I""*' 
and amercements of all their men and tenants, being felons 
and fugitives and persons condemned, as in the same our 
charter more fully is contained : We, being mindful of the ^*^'*- 
pratseworthy bearing of the same Earl towards us and ours, J'jJ^'***- 
and also by reason of the sincere love which we have and 
bear to the person of oiu* beloved and trusty couun Henry 
Earl of Derby, son of the aforesaid Earl, as well because 

• This Charter, Burrendered by Henry Earl of Lancaster, «on and heir 
of the grantee, was cancelled in 23 Edw. 3, as appears hy the memo- 
Kodum in the ma^n of the Chuter Roll opposite to the <«neelle<l 
Charter. 



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de grads noBtra speciali conceesimuB, et hac carta notsLra 
confirmavimus, pro nobis et faEeredibua nostris, preefato 
Comiti Lancastriee, quod ipse et haeredes eui, de corpore 
8U0 procreati, et omnes homiDee Bui imperpetuum eint 
quieti de pava^o, paasagio, pasgio, lastagio, Btallagio, 
talUgio, cariagio, pesagio, piccagio, et terragio per totum 
regnum et potestatem nostram ; et etiam quod idem Comes 
et baeredes Bui prsadicti imperpetuum habeant retorna 
omnium brevium noBtrorum et hseredum nostrorum, ac 
Hummonitioaum de ecaccario nostro et heeredum nostro- 
rum, et attachiamenta tarn de placilJs coroufe quam de 
aliis quibuacunque in omnibuB terris et feodis suis, ita 
quod nuUuB vicecomes, vel alius ballivus seu minister 
noBter, vel beeredum nostrorum, terras seu feoda ilia in- 
grediatur, ad executiones eorundem brevium et summoni- 
tionum, Beu ad attachiamenta de pladtis coronse vel aliis 
prsedictis, aut aliquod aliud offictum ibidem faciendum, 
nisi in defectum ipsius Comitis Lancastriae et bseredum 
suorum praedictorum, ac ballivorum et ministrorum suo- 
rum, in terris et feodis suis prsedictiB; et etiam quod 
habeant catalla hominum et tenentium suorum, felonum 
et fugilivorum, ita quod si quis bominum vel tenentium 
suorum pro delicto suo vitam vel membrum debeat amit- 
tere, vel fugerit et judicio stare noluerit, vel aliud quod- 
cunque delictum fecerit, pro quo catalla sua debeat perdere, 
ubicunque justitia de eo fieri debeat, sive in curia nostra 
vel bseredum nostrorum, sive in alia curia, ipsa catalla 
sint ipsius ComiUs Lancastriee et hseredum suorum prs* 
dictorum, et quod liceat eis seu ministris suis, sine im- 
pedimento nostri vel beeredum nostrorum, vicecomitum, 
aut aliorum ballivorum seu ministrorum nostrorum quo- 
rumcunque, ponere se in seiainam de catallis prsedictis, 
et ea ad uaum ipsiuB Comitis Lanca&trise et beeredum 



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of the excellence of his merits as the good etead in which 
he h&th stood and at present staoda to us and our whole 
realm, not without great labors and expensWe diargea, and 
willing, in conuderation of the premise^ to shew more ample 
favor to the aforesaid Earl of Lancaster in this behalf, of 
our especial grace have granted, and by this our charter 
have confirmed, for us and our heirs, to the aforesud Earl 
of Lancaster, that he and his heirs of his body begotten, 
and all bis men for ever, may be quit of paviag^ passage, AcqniiiH»* 
payage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage, picage, fX?"*" 
and gronndag^ throughout all our realm and dominion; 
and also that the same Earl, and his heirs aforescud for ever, 
may have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and luinn of 
summons of the excfaequer of us and our heirs, and the ^'°™'*' 
attachment as well of pleas of the crown as of other J^^^','^ 
pleas whatsoever in all his lands and fees, so that no ^SH!^'*'* 
sheriff or other bailiff or minister of us or our heirs 
may enter those lands or fees to execute the same writs 
and summons, or to make attachment of pleas of the crown 
or other pleas aforesaid, or to do any other office there, 
unless in default of the same Earl of Lancaster and his 
heirs aforesaid, and his bailiff and ministers in his lands 
and fees aforesaid ; and also that they may have the chattels chMi.ii or 
of their men and tenants, being felons and fugitives, so that 
if any one of their men or tenants ought to lose life or limb 
for his offence, or shall flee and be unwilling to stand hia 
trial, or commit any other offence for the which he ought 
to lose his chattels, wheresoever justice shall be bad of him, 
whether in the court of us or our heirs or in any other 
court, such chattels shall belong to the same Earl of Lan- 
caster and bis heirs aforesaid ; and that it shall be lawful 
for them or their ministers, without hinderaoce of us or 
our hnrs, or of our sheriA or otiier baili6b or ministers 



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pnediGtorum retdoere; ac etiam quod habeant 
imperpetuum omnee fines pro transgreBmonibus et aliis 
delictis quibuBcunque, et edam fines pro Ucentia coDOor- 
dandi, ac omnia amerciamenta, redemptiones et - exitus 
foriefiutoB, ac forislacturaB, annum diem et Tastum, et 
streppum, et omnia quee ad nos et haeredes noetros per- 
tinere potenmt de hujusmodi anno die et Tsato, et 
murdris, de omnibuB bominibus et tenentibus de tenis et 
feodia suis quibuscnnqu^ in quibuscimqae curiis nostris et 
hsredum nostrorum homines et tenentee illoe, tam coram 
nobis» et b»redibiu Doetris, et in cancellana nostra, et 
hserediun nostrorum, ac coram tbesaurario et baronibus 
nostrifl et hseredura nostrorum de scaccario, et coram ju^ 
titiariia nostris et bsredum nostrorum de banco, et coram 
senescallo, et marescallis, aeu clerico mercati hoapitU 
noetri et hsBredum noetrorum, qui pro tempore fuerint, 
et aliiB curiis nostris et heeredum nostrorum, quam coram 
justitiariii itinerantibua ad oommunia pladta et ad pla> 
dta forestse, et quibuscunque alits justttiariis et ministris 
nostris et hseredum nostrorum, tam in prsesentia nostra 
et hieredum nostrorum quam in absentia nostra et he- 
redum nostrorum, fines focere, vel amerciari, exitus fo- 
risfacere, annum diem et vastum, seu forisfacturas, et 
murdra adjudicari contigerit; qtue fines, amerciamenta* 
redemptiones^ exitus, aDDUs dies vastum, sire streppum, 
foria&cturffi, et murdra, ad nos vel hsredes noetroe pos- 
sent pertinere, ei pne&to Comiti Lancaatriie et hseiedlbiu 
Buia pradietis concessa non fuiaaent : Ita quod idem Comes 
LaDcastrise et bieredes sui preedicti, per se vel per balliros 
et ministros suofl, fines, amerciamenta, redemptiones, exitus, 
et forisfacturas hujusmodi hominum et tenendum suorum 
jn^edictorum, et omnia quea ad nos et hseredes noetros per- 
tinere potenmt de anno die et vasto, eive streppo, et mup< 



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wbomBoever, to put tbemselves in seisin of the chatt«b 
aforesKid, and to retaiD tbem to the use of the same Eari 
of Lancaster aud his heirs aforesaid; sod also that they 
may have for ever all Sues for trespasses and other offences 
whatsoerer, and also the fiues for licence to agree, and 
all amercements, ransoms, and forfeited issues and for- 
feitures, year, day, and waste, and estrepements, and all 
things which can pertain to us and our heirs of the like 
year, day, and waste, and murders, in respect of all the men 
and tenants of their lands and fees whatsoever, in any 
soever of the courts of us and our heirs where such men 
and tenants shall happen to make fine or be amerced or for- 
feit issues, or such year, day, and waste, or forfeitures and 
murders, happen to be adjudged, as well before us and our 
heirs, and in the chancery of us and our heiis, and before 
the treasurer and barons of tfae exchequer of us and our 
heirs, and before the justices of the bench of us and our 
heirs, and before the steward and marsfaals or the clerk 
of the market of the household of us and our heirs for 
the time being, and in other tlie courts of us aod our heirs, 
as before the justices in eyre to hold common pleas 
and pleas of the forest, and before all other justices and 
ministers of us and our heirs whomsoever, as well in pre- 
sence of us and our heirs as in absence of us and our 
heirs, which fines, amercements, ransoms, issues^ yev, 
day, waste, or estrepeinenl^ forfeitures and muiden, would 
pertain to us or our heirs if they had not been granted to 
the aforesaid Earl of Lancaster and his bdrs aforesaid; so 
that the same Earl of Lancaster and his heirs aforesaid, by 
themselves or by their bailiffs and ministers, may levy, per- 
ceive, and have the fines, amercements, ransoms, issues, and 
forfeitures of such their men and tenants aforesaid, and all 
things which can pertain to ua and our heirs of the year. 



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dria prsdictiB levare, percipere, et bi^re possint, — eioe 
occasione vel impeditnento noetri vel heeredum nofitrorum, 
juetitiariorum, eacaetorum, Ticecomitum, corooatorum, sut 
alioruio balliTomm seu minietronim Dostrorum, quorum- 
cunqufl. Quare volumus et flnniter preecipimus pro nobia 
et hseredibus Doatria quod praefatue Comes LaDcastiiee et 
hffiredes aui prsedicti imperpetuum habeant omnes liber- 
tatee et quietancias prsdictas, eicut prsedictum est, eteis, ac 
earum qualibet decaetero plene gaudeant et utantiir. Hiis 
teatibus renerabllibus patribua Johanne Cantuarieosi Archie- 
piBcopo, totiua Aaglife Primate, R. DuDelnieDsi, et R. Lon- 
dinensi, Episcopia, Willielmo de Bohun Comite Norhamp- 
toniae, Tboma Comite Warwici, Ricardo Comite Anindelliee, 
Henrico de Percy, Hugone le DespenBer, Roberto Par- 
Dyng Cancellario noatro, Radulpho de Stafford SeBescallo 
hoepitii ooatri, et aliia. Data per manum □«tram apud 
WeBtmonasterium septitoo die Maii anno regni nostri An- 
gltte sextodedmo, regni vero nostri Francite tertio. 

Per ipaum Regem. 
" Memorandum quod esbibita ieta carta per Heoricum 
Comitem Lancastriae filium prsedicti ComitiB et periecta 
coram Rege et Concilio buo habitaque inde deliberatione 
pleniori, videbatur eidem Regi et Concilio suo dictam car- 
tam in maximum dampnum et nimiam exhieredationem 
Regie fuieae factam, per quod, de assenau tam ipeiuB Re^s 
et Contalii aui quam dicti Comitis, carta iBta, quam dictUB 
Comes eidem Regi reddidit, revocata et dampnata fuit ac 
cancellata, et omnino adnullata, ita quod extunc nulliue 
foret valoriB vel vigoris, et pro reatitutione dictse cartas et 
pro bono obaequio dicti Comitie Regi impendendo, idem 
Rex per llteras Buas patentee sub data viceBimo quinto die 
Septembria, anno regni Regis hujuamodi vicesimo tertio 
concessit eidem Comiti libertatea in dicta carta contentas 



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day, ftnd wsste, or estrepement, and murders aforesud, — 
without let or hinderaDce of ub or our heirs, or of our 
justices, escbeators, ehniffi, coroners, or other our bulifi 
or miniBtera whomsoever. Wherefore we will and strictly 
command, for us and our heirs, that the aforesaid Earl of 
Laocaster and his heirs aforesaid, for ever, may have all 
the liberties and acquittances aforesaid, as is aforesaid, 
and henceforth may fully use and enjoy them and every 
of them. These being witnesses, the venerable fathers 
John Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all England; 
Richard Bishop of Durham; Ralph Bishop of London; 
William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton; Thomas Earl 
of Warwick; Richard Earl of Arundel; Henry de Percy; 
Hugh le Despenser; Robert Pamyn^ our Chancellor; 
Ralph de Stafford, Steward of our household, and others. 
Given under our hand at Westmiaster, on the seventh day 
of May, in the sixteenth year of our reign of England, and 
the third of our reign of France. 

By the King himself. 
*' Be it remembered that this charter, having been ex- f^^ 
bibited by Henry Earl of Lancaster, son of the aforesaid fj;^^ 
Earl, and read over before the King and his Council, and the |f^ " 
fullest deliberation being had thereupon, it did seem to 
the same King and his Counral that the aud charter was 
made to the very great damage and excessive disherison of 
the King ; whereupon, with the assent as well of the same 
King and his Council as of the said Earl, this charter, which 
the said Earl surrendered to the same King, was revoked, 
condemned, and cancelled, and altogether annulled, so that 
thenceforth it should be of no force nor value ; and for the 
resUtution of the said charter aud for the said Earl's good 
service to be done to the King, the same King, by bis letters 
patent, bearing date the 25th day of September, in the SStd 



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ID omnibus terris auis ad totam ntun ipeius Comitis ha- 
beadas. £t concordatum est quod omnes carte iode si^l> 
late re§tituaiitur et dampnetitur, et e\ quas imposterum 
iurente fuerint aon restltutae, pro nullia babeautur et 
omnwn vim perdaot et vigorem.'" 



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year of the same King's reign* did grant to the same Earl 
to have the liberties in the sud charter contained in all bis 
lands for tiie whole life of the same EarL And it was 
agreed that all the charters thereof, sealed, should be re- 
stored and condemned, and if any were thereafter found not 
restored, they should be held as null and lose all force and 
effect" 



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Fbo Henrico Couite Lancastri.£. 

DWA.RDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglise at Frand» 
etDonuDusHibeniise omnibua ad quae preeBentes 
literfe perYenerint, aalutem. Sciatia quod cum 
nosnuperpercartaiDuostramconcesseninus Hen- 
rico tunc Comiti Lancastrise coneangnineo Dostro diversaa li- 
bertates et quietaatias * sub certa fonna babendas ; nog f ad 
boc quod dilectua coiisanguiDeua et fidelis noeter Henricus 
nunc Comes Lancaetriae, filiua et bceres preedicti Henrici, 
spontanea voluntate et mero motu dictam cartam in cancel- 
Una nostra cancellandam reatituit et dampnandam, remittens 
pro Be et beeredibua suis nobis et hceredibus nostris omni- 
moda jiu et clamium, quae ratione dictae cart£e ipsi Comiti 
aut beeredibua suis jam competunt aut imposterum compe- 
tere potenint quovismodo, X considerationem babentes ac 
volentes eidem nunc Comili Lancaetrise gratiam facere spe- 
cialetn conces^mus, pro nobis et hseredibus nostris, prsefato 
nunc Comiti quod ipse omnes et siagulas libertates et quie- 
tantias in dicta carta contentas, in omnibua terris et feodis 
quie jam possidet, babeat et eis gaudeat ad totam vitam suam; 
videlicet, quod ipse et omnes botnines sui sint quieti de pa- 
vagio, passagio, paagio, lastagio, stallagi(^ tallagio, cariagio, 
pesagio, piccagio, et terragio, per totum regnum et potesta- 

* Sub eerta forma habetidat.l The originB] CharteT has Uicae words, 
" habendat tibi et hmdibu* de corpore tuo procreatU in cmmibui terra et 
Jeodu suis iniperpetuuBi." 

t Ad Aoc.] Written on an erasure. In the original Charter "pro eo." 
X Contideralionetii.'] Before this word occurs a blank left hy erasure. 
Id the original Cliarter are the words " Not ad hoc." 



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For Hemrt Earl of Lancaster.* 

nDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England Km^S: 
and France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom *"' '"*' 
the present letters shall come, greeting. Know oIkut'^ 
ye, that whereas we lately, hy our charter, did i^^i'.'i. 
grant to Henry then Earl of Lancaster, our cousin, divers 
liberties and acquittances, to have under a certain form. 
We, for that our trusty and beloved cousin Henry now 
Earl of Lancaster, son and heir of the aforesaid Henry, 
hath of his own free will and mere motion surrendered ^J^^' 
the said charter into our chancery, to be cancelled and 
condemned, remitting for himself and his heirs to us and 
our heiiB all manner of right and claim which by reason 
of the sud charter do now or hereafter can in any wise 
happen to tbe said Earl or his heirs, having considera- g™'^ 
tion hereunto, and being willing to shew to tbe same now 
Earl of Lancaster especial favor, have granted for us and 
our beirs, to the aforesaid now Earl, that he may have 
all and singular the liberties and acquittances contuned in 
the said charter in all the lands and fees which be now 
possesses, and may enjoy them for the whole of his life ; 
that is to say, that he and all his men be quit of paviage, Aoaniitu» 

1 . .11 .11 • «ftOll»,*!. 

passage, payage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carnage, pesage, 
picage, and groundage, throughout all our realm and domi- B«tDra of 
nion ; and also that the same Earl may have the return of lummoiMor 
all writs of us and our beirs, and summons of the exchequer quM; 

* The original Charter, under the great eeti of England, is preserved 
in the archives of the Duohjr of Ltmcaater. 



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tern nostram ; et etiam quod idem Comes habeat retorna 
omnium brevium nostrorum et bseredum nostrorum, ac sum- 
moDitionum de ecaccario oostro et bseredum noatrorum, et 
attach iamenta tam de placitis cofodeb quam de alita quibua- 
cumque, in omnibus tenia et feodis Buis ; Ita quod nuUus 
Ticecomea vel alius ballivus «eu miuister noater vel hsere- 
dam nostrorum terras *Bea feoda ilU ingrediatur ad exe- 
cutioneB eorandem brevium et summoDitiouum, seu ad 
attacbiamenta de pUcitis coroiue vel aliis prsedictis aut 
aliqood aliud offidum ibidem faciendum, nisi in defectum 
iprins ComitJs et baUiTonun ac ministronim suorum in terra 
et feodis suis preedictis. Et etiam quod habeat catalla bo> 
mJDum et tenentium suorum felonum et fugitivorum ; ita 
quod si quis h<8ninara vel tenentium suorum pro delicto 
suo vitam vel membnmi debeat amittere, vel fiigerit et 
judicno stare noluerit, vel aliud quodcumque delictum fe- 
cerit, pro quo catalla sua debeat perdere, (ubicumque 
de eo justitia fieii debea^ sive in curia nostra vel hnredum 
oostromm, sive in aHa curia,) ipsa catalla unt ipsius Comi- 
tis; et quod liceat ei seu ministris suis, sine impedimento 
nostri vel bseredum nostrorum vicecomitum aut aiionun bal- 
livonim seu ministronim nostrorum quorumcumque, ponere 
se in seisinam de catalUs prsedictis^ et ea ad usum ipsius 
Comids retiuere. Ac etiam quod babeat f ad totam vitam 
auam omnes fines pro transgressionibus et aliis delictis 
quibuscumque, et etiam fines pro licentia concordandi, ac 
omnia amerciamenta, redemptiones, et exitus forisfactos ae 
forisfacturas, annum diem et vaetum, et streppum, et omnia 
qute ad nos et hseredes nostros pertinere poterunt de hujus- 
modi anno die et vasto, et murdris, de omnibus hominibns et 
tenentibus de terns et feodis suis quibuscumque in qui- 

• Seu.] In the original Charter "vel." 

t Ad totam vitam juam.] Written on an cntsur& In the original 
ChsTtei " imperprtuum." 



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of ufl and out h«re, and the attainment as weU of pleas of Mi«i>n>n( 
the crown as of other pleas nhatsoerer in all his lands and ihccnwn. 
fees, so that no sheriff or other bailiff or minister of us or 
our heirs may enter those lands or fees to execute the same 
writs and summons, or to make attachment of pleas of the 
crown or other pleas aforesaid, or to do any other office 
there, unless in default of the same Earl and his bulifb 
and ministers in his lands and fees aforesaid. And also ciutuiisr 
that he may hare the chattels of his men and tenants^ 
heing felons and fu^tivee, bo that if any one of his men 
or tenants ought to lose life or limb fot his offence, or 
shall flee and be unwilling to stand his trial, or commit 
any other offence for the which he ought to lose bis 
chattels, wheresoever justice 8hal> be had of him, whether 
in the court of us or our heirs or any other court, such 
chattels shall belong to the same Earl; and that it shall 
be lawful tor him or his ministers without bioderaoce of 
ua or our heirs, or of our sberifis, or other buhfi or miais- 
ters whomsoever, to put themselves in seizin of the chattels 
aforesaid, and to retain them to the use of the same Earl. 
And also that be may have for the whole of his life all fid» nd 
fines for trespasses and other ofiences whatsoever, and also BiDti. fu- 
the fines for licence to agree, and all amercetnents, ransoms, ' 
and forfeited issueE^ and forfeitures, year, day, and waste, 
and estrepement, and all things which can pertain to us and 
our heirs of the like year, day, and waste, and murders, in 
respect of all tlie men and tenants of his lands and fees 
whatsoever in any soever of tiie courts of us and our 
heirs where such men and tenants shall happen to make 
fine or be amerced, or forfeit issues, or such year, day, 
and waste, or forfeitures, and murders hajqien to be 
adjudged, as well before ua and our heirs, and in the 
chancery of us and our heirs, and before the treasurer 



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buBcunque curiis nostris et hseredum nostronim hominea 
et tenentea illos, tarn coram nobis et hsretUbus noatrie^ et in 
cancellaria noetra et hseredum Dostrorum, ac coram the- 
Baurario et barontbua iiostris et hseredum noatrorum de 
scaccario, ac coram justitiariis noatria et heredum dob- 
trorum de banco, et coram aeneacallo et mareacallie aeu 
clerico mercati bospitii aostri et beeredum nostronim, 
qui pro tempore Rierint, et aliis curiis nostris et bseiedum 
nostronim, quam coram juatitiariis itinerantibua ad com- 
mimia placita et ad piacita foreatse, et quibuecumque aliia 
justitiariis et ministris nostrig et beeredum noatrorum, tam 
in prsesentia nostra et bsredum nostronim quam absentia 
nostra et hseredum nostrorum, fines facere, vel amerciari, 
exitus foriafacere, annum diem et vastum, seu foriaftwturas, 
et murdra, adjudicari contigerit ; quae fines, amerciamenta, 
redemptioneS) exltua, annus dies 'vastum, aive streppum, 
forisfacturffi, et murdra, ad dob vel heeredea noatros possent 
pertinere u prffifato Comiti conceaaa non fuissent : ita quod 
idem Cornea per se vel per ballivoB et ministroB suos fines, 
amerciamenta, redemptiones, exitus, et foriafecturas, bujus- 
modi bominum et tenendum suorum predictorum, et omnia 
quae ad noa et heeredes noBtroB pertinere poterunt de anno 
die et vaato sive streppo, et murdris pnedictis, levare, per- 
cipere, et habere poaaint; sine occasione vel impedimento 
noatri vel hteredum noatrorum, justitiariorum, escaetorum, 
ricecomitum, coronatorum, aut aliorum balliTorum aeu 
miniatrorum nostrorum quorumcumque. In cujus rei tea- 
timonium has literaa noatras Gen fedmus patentes. Teste 
me ipao apud Westmonosterium vicesimo quinto die Sep- 
tembris anno regni noatri Anglin ricesimo tertio, regnt vero 
noatri Franciie dedmo. 

Per breve de privato si^Uo. 

* Vtutum.1 In the original ChartcT " et tuiiu».'' 



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and barons of the exchequer of ug and our heirs, and be- 
fore the justices of the bench of us and our heirs and be- 
fore the steward and marshals or the clerk of the market of 
the household of us and our heirs for the time hang, and 
in other the courts of ub and our heirs, as before the justices 
in eyre, to hold common pleas and pleas of the forest, and 
before all other justices and ministers of us and our heirs 
whomsoever, as well in presence of us and our heirs as in ab- 
sence of us and our heirs; which fines, amercements, ransoms, 
issues, year, day, waste, or estrepement, forfeitures and mur- 
ders, would pertain to us or our heirs if they had not been 
granted to the aforesaid Earl: so that the same Earl, by 
himself or by his bailiffs and ministers, may levy, perceive, 
and have the fines, amercements, ransoms, issues, and for- 
feitures of such his men and tenants aforesaid, and all 
things which can pertain to us and our heirs of the year, 
day, and waste, or estrepement, and murders aforesaid; 
without let or hinderance of us or our heirs, or of our jus- 
tices, escheators, sberilb, coroners, or other our bailiff or 
ministers whomsoever. Id witness whereof, we have caused 
these our letters to be made patent. Witness ourself at 
Westminster, on the twenty-fifth day of September, in the 
twen^-third year of our reign of England, and in the tenth 
of our reign of France. 

By writ of {«ivy seaL 



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Pro Henrico Duce Iuincastrije. 

R«L F^. rjHjK-— ^DWARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglic et Franciee 
p.i.m.i8.hi bJ qeS^ et Dominus HibemiKomDibuBadquoaprseBentes 

TiHT. land. H KOf ' 

y IeT^I literse perTeneriot, salutem. Sciatia quod etsi noa, 
-8"p^t-l debita consideratioDfl peoBantes gestus magnificos 
cunctorum qui nobis in gueiris aoBtris laudabiliter et atrenue 
servienmt, ipsos deeideremus bonoribus attollere et pro vi- 
ribua juxta merita preemiare, quanto ma^a consanguineos 
noBtroa, quoB tam in sapientia quam ia geetu nobiU alios prse- 
cellere conspieimus, et qui nobis locum lenuerunt et tenere 
poterunt potiorem, dob eouvenit majoribus bonoribus et gra- 
tiis pTsrogare. CJoDsideTaDtes itaque probitatem Btrenuam 
et sapientiam prsecellentem consaDguinei noBtri carissimi 
Henrici Ck>nutie Lancastrise, qui nuUie cedenB laboribus et 
expensis semper ae nobis obsequiosum exhibuit^ et pro nobis 
pluries in oeceSBitatibua intrepide se gueiranim exponena 
discriminibus de inimicie nostris magnifice triumpbarit, ad 
totius oationia Anglicanee titulos honorifice recolendos qua- 
liter condignam sibi retributionem poterimus facere non vi- 
demuB; sed quia dignum est ut tanta factorum magnalia 
celebrioris nominis excellentis Bubsequatur, de assensu prae- 
latorum et procerum in inBtanti parliamento noatro apud 
WeBtmonaBterium convocato ezistentium, prtefiito Henrico 
nomen Duds Laocafitriae imponimus et ipBum de nomine 
Ducis dicti loci per cincturam gladii pneBentialiter inves- 
timuB. Et cum exaJtationem nominis concomitare con- 
veniat adjecUo commodi et honoriB, Iseto corde concessimus, 
pro nobis et bsredibue noetria, pnefoto Duci, quod ipse ad 



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III. 

Fob Henry Duke op Lancaster.* 

n DWARD, by the grace of God, King of EagUnd stu uioi, 
\ and France and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom «■n-tuV 
the present letters shall come, greeting. Know 
ye, that if we, weighing with due conuderation 
the noble bearings of all those who laudably and stre- 
nuously have served us in our, wars, be desirous of 
raising tiiem to honors, and rewarding them for their 
valour according to their merits, how much more doth 
it become ua to advance with greater honors and favors 
our cousins, whom we see excelling others as well in wis- 
dom as in noble bearing, and who have stood and may 
stand us in better stead. Considering, therefore, the 8tr&- 
nuons goodness and excellent wisdom of our most dear 
cousin Henry Earl of Lancaster, who, yielding to no labor 
and charges, hath ever shewn himself ready to serve ua, 
and many times in our need intrepidly exposing himself 
for us to the dangers of war, hath nobly triumphed over 
our enemies, we do not see how we shall be able to make 
htm a suitable retribution that may honorably record the 
remembrances of the whole English nation; but, because 
it is meet such great and valiant deeds should attain 
the excellence of a more famous name, vrith the assent h«itEui 
of the prelates and nobles assembled in our present 
parliament convoked at Westminster, we do impose upon 
the aforesaid Henry the name of Duke of Lancaster, 

• The originBl Chwter does not now eiiit in the HchiTCB of the 
Dncby of 



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totam vitam Buam habeat infra eundem comitatum cancella- 
riam siiam, ac brevia sua sub sigiUo suo pro offido canceU 
larii deputaodo conBignaoda, justitiarios buos tarn ad placita 
coroDK qiiam ad queecumque alia placita communem legem 
tan^entia tenenda, ac cognitionee eorundem, et quaecum- 
que executiones per brevia sua et minietroB suos ibidem 
faciendas, et qutecumque alia libertates et jura regalia ad 
comitem palatioum pertiueutia, adeo integre et libera sicut 
Comes Ceetris infra eundem comitatum Ceatrise dinoscitur 
obtinere (decimis et quinttsdedmia et aliis quotis et sub- 
sidiis nobis et heeredibus nostris per communitatem regni 
noBtri, et decimis et aliis quotie per clerum ejusdem regni 
nobis concessis et imposterum concedendis, aut eidem clero 
per sedem apostolicam impositis et imponendis, ac par- 
donationibus ritee et membrorum in casu quo aliquis ejus- 
dem comitatua aut alius iu eodem comitatu pro aliquo 
delicto vitam vel membnim amittere debeat, ac etiam 
superioritate et potestate corrigeudi e& quae in curiis ejus- 
dem Ducis ibidem erronice facta fuerint, vel si idem Dux 
aut ministri sui in Juatitia in curiis ejusdem Duds inibt 
facienda defecerint, semper salvia). 'Et est intenUonie 
nostrse quod idem Dux, ad mandata nostra et hseredum 
nostrorum, ad parliamenta et concilia nostra duos milites 
pro communitate comitatua pra^icti et duos burgensee de 
quolibet burgo ejusdem comitatusad Cractandum cum aliis 
de communitate dicti regni noBtri ad eadem parliamenta et 
concilia venientibus de negotiis dicti regni nostri in eisdem 
parliamentis et conciliis exponendis mittere teneatur. Et 
quod idem Dux certos homines fideles et sufficientes ad 
bujusmodi dedmas et quintasdecimas subsidia et alia quota 
quotiens ea nobis seu bseredibus noBtris in parliamentis seu 
condliis concedi contigerit assignet ; ita quod nobis et bse- 
redibus nostria de sic conceBsis respondeatur per eosdem. 



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and presently do invest him with the name of Duke 
of the sud place by girding of the sword. And since 
it is becoming that addition of honor and advantage 
should accompany excellency of name, we have granted 
with cheerful heart, for us and our heirs* unto the afore* 
said Duke, that be for the whole of big life may have onattsbiu 
within the same county his chancery, and his writs to Sl^J^J^ 
be sealed under his seal to be deputed for the office of '*■«»••"■ 
the chancellor, his justices to hold as well pleas of the 
crown as all other pleas whatsoever touching the common 
law, and the cognisance thereof, and all manner of exe- 
cution to be made by his write and his ministers there, 
and all other liberties and jvra regalia pertaining to a uuim*"- 
Count Palatine, as freely and entirely as the Earl of [||I^'^'^* 
Chester is well known to obtain within the same county of '*"''•■ 
Chester: (saving always the tenths and fifteenths, and other 
contributions and subsidies granted and hereafter to be 
granted to us and our heirs by the commonalty of our 
realm, and the tenths and other contributions granted 
and hereafter to be granted to us by the clergy of the 
same our realm, or imposed and to be imposed upon 
the same clergy by the apostolic see ; — and the pardon of 
life and Hmbs in case that any person of the same county, 
or other person in the same county, ought for any delict to 
lose his life or limb; — and also the superiority and power 
of correcting those things whid) shall have been erro- 
neously done there in the courts of the same Duke, or if 
the same Duke or his ministers shall have &iled in doing 
justice there also in the courts of the same Duke.) And TUDnkam 

^ _ ' «nd knlihu 

it is our intention that the same Duke, at the mandates of ^^'. 
ue and our heirs, be held to send to our parliaments and l^toftt- 
councils two knights for the commonalty of the shire afore- "™"" 
said, and two burgesses from every borough of the same 



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11 

In cujus rei teBtimonium has litems oostraa fieri fecimus 
patentea. Teste me ipso apud Westmonasterium sexto die 
Mardi anno regni nostri An^lue Ticeaimo quinto, regni vero 
noatri Francis duodecima 



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11 

shire, to treat with the others of the commonalty of our 
said realm coming to the eame parliaments and councils 
concerning the affairs of our sud realm in the same parlia- 
ments and councils to be declared. And that the same mdio»- 
Duke shall assign certiun trusty and sufficient men for tonnriiiM. 
the like tenths and 6fleenths, suhsidies and other con- ^r"»— 
tributions, ao often as they shall happen to be granted 
to UB or our heirs in parliament or council ; so that we 
and our heirs may by them be answered in respect of 
sucb grants. In witness whereof we hare caused these 
our letters to be made patent. Witness ourself at West- 
minster on the sixth day of March, in the twenty-fifth 
year of our reign of England, and the twelfth of our reign 
of France. 



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Pro Johanne Comite Lancastris et Richemondi*. 

glDWARDUS Dei gratia Rex ABgliae Dominus Hi- 
beroiee et Aquitania^ archiepiBcopis, episcopie, ab- 
SiS'£jr? B l&ff g batibus, prioribuB, comitibus, baronibus, justatiar- 
riis, vicecomitibiu, praapositis^miDiatria, et omoibus 
ballivis et fidelibus suis salutem. SciatU quod Qos conside- 
rantea qualitar comitatus Lancastri%, et plura castra, Tillss, 
maneria, terrse, et tenements, cum pertinentiis, tam in comi- 
tatibu3 Lincolniie et Derbite quam in direreiB aliis comita- 
tibuB regni noatri, qu« fuenint Henrici nuper Ducib Lancas* 
tri» et Comitis Lincolni» et Derbite post mortem ipsius 
DuciSt (quaedam, videlicet^ ad Johannem Comitem Riche- 
mondise filium noetrum carisumum et Blancbiam uxorem 
ejus unam filiarum et hserednm praedJcti Ducis, juxta parti- 
tionem inter ipsos et Matildem alteram filiarum et bierednn) 
ipsius DuciB £BCtam per descensum hEereditarium sunt de- 
voluta, et qusedam eiadem Comiti et Blanchise, juzta ordina- 
tionem et conceBsionem priedicti Duels dum visit, sub certa 
forma sunt remansura,) ac volentes proinde eidem filio 
nostro, ut ee juxta status sui nobilitatem deceatius rnanu- 
tenere valeat, gratiam facere specialem, concesBimus et bac 
carta nostra confinnaTtmus pro noble et bseredibus noBtris 
prsefato Jobanni nunc Comiti LancastrisB et Ricbemondiie, 
quod ipse et bseredes sui de corpore suo et corpore prsdictaa 
Blancbise legitime procreati imperpetuum babeant retoma 
omnium brefium noHtrorum et hseredum noBtrorum, et om- 
nia placita de veUto namio in terris et feodia de biereditate 
prtedicti Duels, que jam in manibus ipsorum Comitis et 



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For Johm Earl of Lancaster and Richmond.* 



DWARD, by the grace of God, King of England, i»» v„. 
Lord of Ireland and Aquitaine, to hia arch- «.u. imi. 
bisbope, biehops, abbots, priors, earls, barons, 
justices, sherifie^ reeves, ministers, and all bis 
bailiffs and foithful people, greeting. Know je, that we, Lflntka 
considering how that the county of Lancaster, and many ^iH^lTot 
castles, towns, manors, lands, and tenements, with their a^^ti^ 
appurtenances, as well in the counties of Lincoln and Hmj ddim 
Derby, as in divers other countieB of our realm, which 
were of Henry late Duke of Lancaster and Earl of Lin- 
coln and Derby, lately after the death of the same Duke 
bad devolved, to wit, some by hereditary descent, upon 
John Earl of Richmond, our most dear son, and Blanche 
his wife, one of the daughters and co-heirs of the aforesud 
Duke, according to the partition made between them and 
Matilda, the other daughter and co-heir of the same Dukei 
and some were to remain, under a certain form, to the 
same Earl and Blanche, according to an ordinance and 
grant of the aforesaid Duke whilst he lived, and being 
willing, therefore, to shew especial favor to the same 
our SOD, in order that he may the more decently main- 
tain himself according to the nobility of his station, have 
granted and by this our charter have confirmed for us and 
our heirs to the aforesaid John now Earl of Lancaster and 
Richmond, that he and his heirs of his body and the 
body of the aforesaid Blanche, lawfully begotten, for ever 
shall have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, £^"*^ 

• The original Charter, under the great seal of EnglMid, is pre- 
ieired in the archiret of the Duchy of t«newtet. 



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18 

Blanchiro existuntt et quee itnposterum eis juxta ordinationem 
et concessionem prsBdictaa simtreniaDSuracum ad manuaeuaa 
devenerint] et etiam omnee fines et amerciamenta omniuia 
hominum et tenentiuni suorum ubicumque ipsos homines et 
teoentes in curiie noBtrie et bseredum nostrorum amerciari 
vel fines facere contigerit; necnon omnia catalla omnium 
hominum et tenentium suorum, felonum et fu^tiTOrum et 
dampnatorum. Quare Tolumus et firmiter preecipimus pro 
nobis et bseredibos noBtris quod prsedictus Comes et hsere- 
des Bui preedicti imperpetuum habeant retoma omnium hre- 
vium noBtrorum et hseredum nostrorum, et omnia placita 
de vetito namio in tenia et feodis auia preedictis; ac omnes 
fines et amerciamenta omniuim hominum et tenentium suo- 
rum praedictorum, ubicumque ipsos homines et tenentes in 
curiis nostris et hseredum nostrorum amerciari vel fines 
facere contigerit ; ac etiam omnia catalla omnium hominum 
et tenendum suorum, felonimi, fu^tivorum, et dampnato- 
rum, sicut pnedictum est, et eodem roodo quo Henricus 
DUper Comes Lancastriae pater praedicti Ducis, vel idem 
Dux, quibus consimiles libertatea in terris et feodis suis ha- 
bendas successive per cartas nostras concesdmus, easdem 
libertates habuit et eis rationabiliter uti consuevit. Hiis 
testibus S. Archiepbcopo Cantuariensi, W. Wintoniensi 
Episcopo Cancellario nostro, S. Abbate Westmonaateriensi, 
Thesaurario nostro, Edwardo Printnpe Walliae primogenito 
nostro carissimo, Ricardo Arundelliee, Tboma Warwici, et 
Willielmo Sarum, Comitibus, et aliis. Data per manum 
noatram apud Westmonasterium terdodecimo die Novem- 
bris, anno regDi nostri tricesimo quinto. 

Per ipsum R^em. 



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18 

and all pleas of withernam in the lands and fees of fj^^^*'' 
the heritage of the aforesaid Duke, which dow are in 
the bands of the same Earl and Blaoche, and which here- 
after are to remain to them according to the ordinance and 
grant aforestud, when they shall come into their bands; and 
also all fines and amercements of all their men and tenants fibmoa 
wheresoever the same men and tenants shall happen to ■^'*' 
make fine or be amerced in the courts of us and our 
heirs ; and also all the chattels of all their men and chuidi <n 
tenants, being felons and fugitives and persons con- 
demned. Wherefore we will and strictly command for 
us and our heirs, that the aforesaid Earl and hie heirs 
aforesaid for ever shall have the return of all writs of 
us and our heirs, and all pleas of withernam in their 
lands and fees aforesaid, and all fines and amercements 
of all their men and tenants aforesaid, wheresoever the 
same men and tenants shall happen to make fine or be 
amerced in the courts of us and our heirs; and also all 
the chattels of their men and tenants, being felons and 
fugitives and persons condemned, as is aforesaid, and 
in the same manner in which Henry late Earl of Lan- 
caster, father of the aforesud Duke, or the same Duke, 
to whom we granted by our charters successively to 
have the like liberties in their lands and fees, had the 
same liberties, and was accustomed reasonably to use 
them. These being witnesses, Simon Archbishop of 
Canterbury; Williun Bishop of Winchester, our Chan- 
cellor; Simon Abbot of ' Westminster, our Treasurer; 
Edward Prince of Wales, our most dear eldest son; 
Richard Earl of Arundel ; Thomas Earl of Warwick ; and 
William Earl of Salisbury, and others. Given under 
OUT hand at Westminster on the thirteenth day of No- 
vember, in the thirty-fifth year of our reign. 

By the King himself. 



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TuR. Load, g 
(Oiif -In ardi. 



Pro Cohite Lancaettbis. 

DWARDUS Dei gratia RexAngliae DomiDusHi- 
berDiEeetAquitamse,archiepiBCopiB,epbcopis,aI>- 
batibus, piioribus, comitibus, baronibus, juBtitia- 
riie, vicecomltibus, preepositis, mlnistriB, et omnU 
buBballivis etfidelibusBuiBsalutem. Sciatiaquod cumnuper 
conaiclerantes qualiter comitatus LancaBtriEe, et pluracaatra, 
villee, maneria, terras, et tenementa, cum pertinentiis, tarn 
in comitatibus Lincolniffi et Derbis quana in dirersiB aliitf 
comitatibus regni ooatri, quae fuerunt Henrici nuper Duds 
LaDcaBtriae et ComitiB LincolniK et Derbise post mortem 
ipsius Ducit^ {qqaedam, videlicet, ad Johannem Comitem 
Ricbemondise filium noBtnim canssimum et Btanchiam 
uxorem ejus unam filiarum et haeredum praedicti Duels, 
justa partitjonem inter ipBOS et Matildem tunc alteram 
filiarum et beeredum ipsius Ducia bctam per descensum 
bsereditarium fueriut devoluta, et quaedam eisdem Comiti 
et Blanchise, juxta ordinationem et cooceeBioDem pnedicti 
Ducis dum vixit, sub certa forma sunt remanaura,) ac vo- 
lentee proinde eidem filio nostro, ut se juxta status sui 
nobilitatem decentiuB manutenere valeat, gratiam facere 
specialem, concesBerimus pro nobis et hasredibus uoBtria 
preefato Johanoi nunc Comiti Lancaetrise et Bicbemondise, 
quod ipse et haeredes sui de corpore buo et corpore pra»- 
dictie Blancbiae legitime procreati imperpetuum baberent re- 
toma omnium brevium nostrorum et baeredum noBtrorum, 
et omnia placita de vetito namio in terns et feodis de 
haereditate praedicti Ducis, quae tunc in monibus ipsorum 



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V. 

For the Earl of Lancaster.* 

nDWARD,bythegraceof God, King of England, '^^v^ 
Lord of Ireland and Aquitaioe, to his arch- *■'■ "*>■ 
bishops, bishops, abbots, priors, earls, barons, 
justices, sfaeri^ reeres, ministers, and all bis 
bailiffi and fiiithful people, greeting. Know ye, that R«tuior 
whereas we, lately considering how that the county of d^tviiMk 
Lancaster, and many castles, towns, manors, lands, and »>d'-*' 
tenements, with their appurtenances, as well in the coun- 
ties of Lincoln and Derby, as in dirers other counties of 
our realm, which were of Henry late Duke of Lancaster 
and Earl of Lincoln and Derby, lately afler the death of 
the same Duke had derolved, to wit, some by hereditary 
descent, upon John Earl of Richmond, our most dear son, 
and Blanche his wife, one of the daughters and co-heirs 
of the aforesaid Duke, according to the partition made 
between them and Matilda, the then other daughter and 
civheir of the same Duke, and some were to remain, under 
a certain form, to the same Earl and Blanche, according to 
an ordinance and grant of the aforesaid Duke whilst be 
lived, and being wilUng, therefore, to shew especial hvor 
to the same our son, in order that he might the more de* 
cently maintain himself according to the nobility of bis 
station, did grant for us and our heirs to the aforesaid John 
now Earl of Lancaster and Richmond, that he and bis 
heirs of his body and the body of the aforesaid Blanche, 

* The origin»! Charter, under the great seal of England, is preBerved 
iu the urchivM of the Duchy of Lonculer. 



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16 

Comitis et Blanchise extiteraot, et quae impOBterum eis 
juxta ordinatioDem et concesaionem preedictae sunt reman- 
Bura cum ad manue suas devenerint; et etjam omnes fines 
et amerciamenta omDium homiDum et tenenttum suonim, 
ubicumque ipsos homines et tenentes in curiis nostris et 
bferedum nostrorum amerciari vel fiaeB facere contdDge- 
re^ neciion omma catalla omnium bominum et tenentitua 
Buorum felonum et fugitivorum et dampnatorum, prout in 
carta uostra inde confecta pleaius contioetur. Ac jam 
omnia teirse et tenementa cum pertinentiis quee prsedicta 
MatildiB tenuit in propartem suam prsedictam, de omnibuB 
teriiB et teoemeatis praedicUa quse fueruat preedicti Ducis, 
necDOD qusedamalia terrsB et tenementa cum pertinentiiE Iq 
comitatibuB Norfolciee et Suffolcise qum eadem Matildis 
tenuit de hsereditate ipsiua Duds ex dono et feoffiuneato Jo- 
bannis Episcopi Lincolniensis, Ricardi ComitiB Arundelli», 
Roberti de la Mare, Jobannis de Buklond, Johannia Char- 
nels, Walteri Power, Simonia Symeon et Johannia Neu- 
marcbe, per mortem ejuBdem Matildis prs&tis Comiti et 
Blanchise, ut sorori et bseredi prsedictm Matildis jure 
biereditario deacenderint. Nos volentes pnedictos Comi- 
tem et Blauchiam favore prosequi gratioso, conceseimus 
et hac carta nostra confirmaTimus probto Comiti quod 
ipse et hEeredes sui de corpore auo et corpore prsedictee 
Blancbife legitime procreati imperpetuum habeant retoma 
omnium brerium nostrorum et baeredum nostrorum, et 
omnia placita de vetito namio, tarn in terris et feodis quee 
iidem Comes et Blancbia de proparte ipsiug Blancbiee 
pnedicta, quam in terris et feodis quse fuerunt pnedicts 
MaUldis et quie ipsi Comes et Blancbia ut soror et baeres 
ejusdem Matildis jam tenent de hcereditate priedicta, et 
etiam in terris et feodis, quce eisdem Comiti et Blanchise 
sunt de eadem bsereditate impostemm remauBura vel rever- 



ed by GoOglc 



lawfully begotten, for ever ebould have the return of all 
writs of us and out heirs, and all pleas of withernam in the 
lands and fees of the heritage of the aforesaid Duke, which 
then were in the bands of the same Earl and Blanche, and 
which thereafter were to remain to thmi according to the 
ordinance and grant aforeBud, when tbey should come into 
their hands ; and also all fines and amercements of all their 
men and tenants wheresoerer it should happen that sucb 
men and tenants should make fine or be amerced in the 
cotirts of us and onr heirs; and also all the chattels of all 
their men and tenants, being felons and fugitives and per- 
BouB condemned, as in our charter thereof made more fully 
is contained. And now all the lands and tenements, with ■») daiHii 
their appurtenances, which the aforesaid Matilda held as {^f™^ 
her purparty aforesaid of all the lands and tenements afere- {^E'^'^*' 
said which were of the aforesaid Duke, and also certun 
other lands and tenements, with appurtenances, in the 
counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, which the same Matilda 
held of the inheritance of the same Duke by the gift and 
feoffinent of John Bishop of Lincoln, Richard Earl of 
Arundel, Robert de la Mare, John de Buklond, John Chai^ 
nels, Walter Power, Simon Symeou, and John Neumarchc^ 
have by the death of the same Matilda descended by here- 
ditary right to the aforesaid Earl and Blanche, as sister and 
heir of the aforesaid Matilda : — We, willing to pursue with 
our gracious &vor the aforesaid Earl and Blanche^ have 
granted and by this our charter have confirmed to the 
aforesaid Earl, that be and his heirs of his body and the 
body of the aforestud Blanche, lawfully begotten, for ever 
may have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and R«tQim«t 
all pleas of withernam, as well in the lands and fees which pieu or 
the same Earl and Blanche now hold of the aforesaid pur- 
party of the same Blanche, as in the lands and fees wfaicb 



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16 

Bura, cum ad manus suas deveDerint^ et etiam omnes fines 
et amerciamenta omniuin hommum et tenentium Buorum 
ubicumque ipsos bominee et tenentea in curiis nostris et 
beeredum nostrorum ameRnari vel fines facere contigerit; 
neCDOD omnia catalla omnium bominma et tenentium 
euorum, felonum et fugitiTorum et dampnatorum, Qiiare 
TolumuB et firmiter prsecipimus pro nobis et bseredibua 
noBtris quod predictuE Comes et bteredea sui prsdicti 
imperpetuum habeant retoma omnium brerium nostrorum 
et hnredum nostrorum, et omnia placita de vettto namio 
in tenis et feodie suis prasdictis ; ac omnes fines et amer- 
damenta omnium bominum et tenentium suorum prse- 
dictorum, ubicumque ipsos homines et tenentes in curiis 
nostris et faeeredum nostrorum amerciari vel fines £acere 
contigerit; ac etiam omnia catalla omnium honunum et 
tenentium suorum, felonum, fugitivorum, et dampnatoram, 
sicut prsedictum est, et eodem modo quo Henricus nuper 
Comes Lancastrife pater preedicti Ducia, vel idem Dux, 
quibuB consimiles libertatea in tenia et feodis suis ha- 
bendas successive per cartas nostras coccessimus, easdem 
libertateB babuit et eis rationabiliter uti conauevit. Hiis 
testibus S. Arcbiepiscopo Cantuarieosi totius AngUa: Pri- 
mate, W. Wintoniensi Episcopo Cancellario nostro, S. 
Eliensi Episcopo Tbesaurario nostro, Edwardo Principe 
Wallis primogeoito nostro cariseimo, Ricardo Arundellias, 
Thoma Warwici, et Willielmo Sarum, Comitibua, et aliis. 
Data per manum nostram apud Westmonasterium duo- 
decimo die Maii, anno regni noetri tricesimo sexto. 

Per ipsum Regem. 



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1« 

were of the aforesaid M&tilda, and wbich the same Earl, 
and Blanche as sister and heir of the same Matilda, now 
hold of the inheritance aforesaid, and also \o the lands and 
fees of the same itiberitance which are hereafter to remain 
or revert to the same Karl and Blanche, when they shall 
come into their hands; and also all fines and amercements nn* 
of all their men and tenants wheresoever the same men and me^ 
tenants shall happen to make fine or be amerced in the 
courts of us and our heirs ; and also all the chattels of all ci>ui 
their men and tenants, being felons and fugidves and per- 
sons condemned. Wherefore we will and strictly command 
for us and our heirs, that the aforesaid ELarl and his heirs 
aforesfud for ever shall have the return of all writs of us 
and our heirs, and all pleas of withernam in their lands and 
fees aforesaid; and all fines and amercements of all their 
men and tenants aforesaid, wheresoever ttie same men and 
tenants shall happen to make fine or be amerced in the 
courts of us and our heirs ; and also all the chattels of their 
men and tenants, being felons and fugitives and persons 
condemned, as is aforesaid, and in the same manner in 
which Henry late Earl of Lancaster, father of the afore- 
said Duke, or the same Duk^ to whom we granted by our 
charters successively to have the like liberties in their lands 
and fees, had the same liberties and was accustomed reastm- 
ably to use them. Tliese being witnesses, Simon Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Primate of all England; William 
Bishop of Winchester, our Chancellor; Simon Bishop of 
Ely, our Treasurer ; Edward Prince of Wales, our most 
dear eldest son; Richard Earl of Arundel; Thomas Earl 
of Warwick ; and William Earl of Salisbury, and others. 
Given under our hand at Westminster on the twelfth day 
of May, in the thirty-sixth year of our reign. 

By the King himself. 



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VI. 

Pro JoHAtfNE DucE I^ANCAsnuf. 

jDWARDUSDeigratURexAnglitcDomiuusHi- 
bemueet AquitaniaB,aTchiepiscopi8,episcopiB,ab- 
batibus, prioribuB, ducibus, comitibus, baronibus, 
1 ju8titiaruB,vicecoiiiitibuEi,pnepoBiti8, ministriBtet 
omnibus bailiviB et fidelibus suis, Balutem. Sclatis quod dos 
considerautea Btrenuitatem excrescentem et gestum lauda- 
bilem quos in cariesimo filio nostro Johanne Comite Lancas- 
triaevigere conspicimuB, ac voleutes proinde personam suam 
juxta claritatem generis sui ac monun Buorum merits, ut per 
ipsius potentiam et prudentiam regale sceptrum fulciatur, ad 
exalt^onem etdecentiam status sui honorare, eidem Comiti 
nomen et honorem Ducis dedimus et ipsum in Ducem Lan> 
castriee preefecimus, ac de eisdem nomine et bonore per cinc- 
turam gladii et appOBitionem cappie bud capiti investimua ; 
habendaet tenenda eadem nomen et honorem Duds Lancas- 
tiise siln et beeredibus suis masculia de corpore suo legitime 
procreatis imperpetuum. Quare volumus et firmiter prae- 
cipimuB pro nobis et beeredibus nostris quod prsedictus fillus 
noeter nomen et honorem Duds Lancastrife habeat et te- 
neat sihi et hseredibus buib masculiB de corpore suo legitime 
procreatis imperpetuum, sicut prsdictum est Hiis testibus 
venerabilibus patrihuB Simone Arcbiepiscopo Cantuariensi 
totiuB Anglise Primate, Willielmo Wintonienai Cancellario, 
Simone Elienai Thesaurario, nostris, Episcopis, Ricardo Co- 
mite Arundellise, Roberto Suffoldse, Thoma de Veer Oxo- 
niffi Camerario noatro, Comitibus, Edwardo le Despenser, 
Radulpho de Nevill, Job&Dne de Nerill, Johanne atte Lee 



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Fob John Duke of Lahcaster." 
rIDWARD, by tfie grace of God, King of England, u- 
Lord of Ireland and Aquitaine, to fais arch- *■' 
bbhops, bishops, abbots, priors, dukes, earls, 
' barons, justices, Aerifls, reeves, miDisters, and 
all bis bailifis and futbful people, greeting. Know ye, tbat Johi 
we, considering the growing prowess and laudable bear- ' 
ing which we observe to flourish in our most dear son 
John Earl of Lancaster, and willing therefore, for the ex- 
altation and decency of his station, to honor his person 
according to the renown of his race and the merits of his 
demeanour, that by his puissance and prudence the royal 
sceptre may be supported, have given to the same Earl the 
name and honor of Duke, and have advanced him to be 
Duke of Lancaster, and by girding of the sword and set- 
ting upon his head the cap we do invest him with that 
name and honor; to have and hold the same name and 
honor of Duke of Lancaster to him and his heirs male 
of his body lawfully begotten for ever. Wherefore we 
will and strictly command for us and our heirs, that our 
aforesaid son do have and hold the name and honor 
of Duke of I-ancaster to him and his heirs male of his 
body lawfully begotten for ever, as is aforesaid. These 
being witnesses, the venerable fathers, Simon Archbuhop 
of Canterbury, Primate of all England ; William Bishop 
of Winchester, our Chancellor; Simon Bishop of Ely, our 

* The origiaal Chuter does Dot now exist Id the u-chires of the 
Dachy of Ijoncuter. 



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18 
Senescallo bo8{»lii nostri, et aliis. Data per manum nos- 
tram in pleno parliamento nostro apud Westmonasterium 
tertio decimo die NorembriB anno regni nostri tricesimo 
sexto. Per ipsum Regetn. 



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18 

Treasurer ; Richard Earl of Arundel ; Robert Earl of Suf- 
folk ; Thomas de Veer Earl of Oxford, our Chamberlain ; 
Edward le Despeuser ; Ralph de Nevill ; John de Nevilt ; 
John atte Lee, Steward of our Household, and others. 
Given under our hand, in our fitll parliament at West- 
niDSter, on the thirteenth day of November, in the thirty- 
sixth year of our reign. By the King himself 



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Pro Johanme Duce Lancastria et Blancuia uxore 

EJUS. 

pDWARDUS Dei gratia Rex Angliae, Dominus 
Hiberaiie et Aquitanise, arch! epiBCO pie, episcopiB, 
ducibus, abbatibuB, prioribus, coniitibuB, baroni- 
bufi, jiutitiariiB, vicecomitibus, prsepoeitis, miois- 
tris, et omnibus ballivis etfidelibus buU, aalutem. Sciatis 
quod cum dob nuper aeptimo die Mail anno regni nostri 
sexto decimo per cartam Dostram coDceBBerimuB pro 
nobis et hseredibus Dostris Henrico tunc Comiti Lancaa- 
trise quod ipse et beeredes eui de corpore suo procreati 
et omnea homines sui imperpetuum essent quieti de pa- 
vagio passagio paa^o lastagio stallagio tallagio cariagio 
pesagio piccagio et terragio per totum regnum et po- 
testatem noatram; et quod idem Comes et beeredes sui 
pnedicti imperpetuum baberent retoroa omnium brevium 
Qoatrorum et bseredum nostrorum ac summonitionum de 
scaccario nostro et hieredum nostrorum, et attachiamen- 
ta tarn de placitie coronee quam de aliis quibuscunque in 
omnibus terns et feodis suis; ita quod nullus vicecomes 
vel alius ballivus seu mtnister noster vel heeredum nostro- 
rum terras seu feoda ilia ingrederetur ad executiones eorun- 
dem brevium et summoniUonum, seu ad attachiamenta 
de placiUs corons vel aliis prsedictis aut aliquod aliud o£S- 
cium ibidem faciendum, msi in defectum ipsius ComitiB et 
bceredum suorum prtedictorum ac bsUivorum et ministro- 
nim suorum in terns et feodis suis prsedicUs. Et quod 
baberent catalla hominum et tenenUum suorum felonum 
et fugitivorum; ita quod si quis liominum vel tenentium 



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For Johh Duke of Lancaster and Blanche hib 

WIFE.* 

nDWARD, by the grace of God, King of EDgland, u,h jbuf. 
Lord of Ireland aod Aquitaine, to hie arch- a-d. ism. 
bishopB, bishops, dukes, abbots, prion, earls, 
baroDB, justices, sheriffs, Teeres, miDtstera, and 
all bis bailiK and faithful people, greeting. Know fueiuiot 
ye, that whereas we did lately, on the seventh day of "iiHar, 
May, in the sixteenth year of our reign, grant by our S^^^^j^ 
charter, for us and our heirs, to Henry then Earl of Lan- ""^' 
caster, that he and his heirs of his body begotten, and 
all his men for ever, should be quit of p&viage, passage, 
payage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage, picage, 
and groundage throughout all our realm and dominioDB; 
and that the same Earl and his heirs aforesaid for ever 
should have the return of all writs of us and our b^rs, and 
summons of the exchequer of ub and our heirs, and the 
attachment as well of pleas of the crown as of other pleas 
whatsoever in all their lands and fees ; so that no sheriff or 
other bailiff or minister of us or our heirs should enter 
those lands or fees to execute the same writs and summons, 
or to make attachment of the pleas of the crown or other 
pleas aforesaid, or to do any other office there, unless in 
default of the same Earl and hie heirs aforesaid, and their 
bailiffs and ministers in their lands and fees aforesaid. 
An4 that they should have the chattels of their men and 
tenants being felons and fugitives; so that if any one oi 

* The original Charter doca not now exist in the archivM of the 
Duchy of LuicMter. 



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Buorum pro delicto euo vitam vel membnim deberet amit- 
tere vel fugeret et judicio stare aollet vel aliud quodcum- 
que delictum faceret pro quo cataUa sua deberet perdere, ubi- 
cuoque justiua de eo fieret, sive iu curia oostra vel heere- 
dum noBtrorum dve in alia curia, ipsa catalla essent ipsius 
Comitis et hiereduin suorum preedictorum, et quod Uceret 
eis vel miniBtiia suis sine impedimento oostri vel haaredum 
nostrorum vicecomitum aut aliorum balUvorum seu mi- 
Dietrorum □ostrorum quorumcuaque ponere se in seisi- 
nam de catallis prsedictia et ea ad uaum ip&iua Comitis et 
b%redum suorum prasdictorum retinere. Et etiam quod 
baberent imperpetuum omoes fines pro transgreEeionibus 
et aliis delicti» quibuecunque et fines pro licentJa concoi^ 
dandi, et omnia amerciamenta redemptiones et exitus 
forisfactos; ac forisfacturaa, annum diem vastum et 
streppum, et omnia quae ad nos et haeredes nostroe per- 
tinere possent de bujusmodi anno die vasto et murdris 
de omnibus homioibus et tenentibuB de ten-is et feodis 
8uis quibuscunque in quibuscunque curiis nostris et haere- 
dum nostrorum homines et tenentes illoe, tarn coram nobis 
et hseredibus nostris, et in cancellaria nostra et hieredum 
nostrorum, et coram tbesaurario et baronibus nostris et 
beeredum nostrorum de scaccario, et coram jusyUariis 
nostris et bseredum nostrorum de banco, et coram sene»- 
callo et marescallts seu clerico mercati hoBpitii nostri et 
haeredum nostrorum, ac aliis curiis nostris et haeredum 
nostrorum, quam coram justitiariis itiuerantibus ad com- 
munia placita et ad placita forests et quibuscunque aliis 
justitiariis et ministris nostris et bseredum nostrorum, tarn 
in prsesentia nostra et baeredum nostrorum quam in ab- 
senUa nostra et bseredum nostrorum, fines facere vel 
anierdari, exitus foriefacere, annum diem et vastum seu 
forisfecturas et murdra adjudicari contingeret; quae fines. 



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so 

their meo or tenants ought to lose life or limb for bis 
offence, or should flee and be unwilling to stand his 
trial, or commit any other oSence for the which he 
ought to lose his chattels, wheresoever justice should 
be had of him, whether in the court of us or our heirs, 
or in any other court, such chattels should belong to the 
same Earl and his heirs aforesaid, aod that it should be 
lawful for them or their ministers, without hinderance of 
us or our heirs, or of our sheri^ or other bailifls or mi- 
nisters whomsoever, to put themselves in seizin of the 
chattels aforesaid, and to retain them to the use of the 
same Earl and his heirs aforesaid. And also that they 
should have for ever all fines for trespasses and other 
offences whatsoever, and fines for licence to agree, and 
all amercements, ransoms, and forfeited issues and for- 
feitures, year, day, waste, and estrepement, and all things 
which could pertain to us and our heirs of the like year, 
day, and waste, and murders, in respect of all the men and 
tenants of their lands and fees whatsoever, in any soever 
of the courts of us and our heirs, where such men and 
tenants should happen to make fine, or be amerced or 
forfeit issues, or such year, day, and waste, or forfeitures 
and murders happen to be adjudged, as well before us 
and our heirs, and in the chancery of us and our heirs, 
and before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer 
of UB and our heirs, and before the justices of the bench 
of us and our h^rs, and before the steward and marshals 
or the clerk of the market of the household of us and 
our heirs, and in other the courts of us and our heirs, 
as before the justices in eyre, to hold common pleas and 
pleas of tlie forest, and before all other justices and mi- 
nisters of us and our heirs whomsoever, as well in pre- 
sence of us and our heirs as in absence of us and our 



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amerciamenta, redemptiones, exitus, anous dies Tastum 
Bive Btreppum, fomfacturae et mtirdra, ad nos vel fasare- 
des nofltros perdoere possent, u priefato Comiti et bsB- 
redibus suis praedictis cocceasa Hon fiiiasent. Ita quod 
idem Comes et beeredee sui prsedicti, per ae vel per balU- 
T08 et ministroe suoe, fioes, amerciameDta, redemptiotie% 
esituB, et forisfocturaa hujugmodi bominum et tenen- 
dum suorum prsedictOTum, et omnia qiue ad nos et bxre- 
dea nostros pertinere posaent de anno die et vasto sive 
streppo et murdria praedictis, lerare percipere et babere 
posaent, — sine occasione vel impedimento nostri aut haere- 
dum nostrorum, juatiUariorum, eacaetonim, vicecomitum, 
coronatorum, aut aliorum balliTorum aeu minietrorum nos- 
trorum quorumcunque. Quam quidem cartam post mor- 
tem prsedicti Comitia Henricus filius et haeres ejuadem 
Comitis, cui omnia terrse et tenementa qiue fuerunt ipsius 
Comitia jure broreditario deacendebont, nobis ex certis 
cauaia reddidit cancellaodam, et ea de causa carta ilia 
cancellatur aicut per inepectioDem rotulorum cancellarise 
DostTEe nobis conatat. Mos advertentes ea qu£e aic in feodo 
talliato piffifato Comiti et haeredibus de corpore auo procre- 
atie per nos concessa fuerunt, et de quibus praedictus Comes 
virtute concesaionis nostne pnedictae Aiit seisitus in doml- 
nico suo ut de feodo die quo obiit, per reddittonem cart«e 
praedictee nobis per praedictum Heoricum filium Henrici 
sic factam, aut per quodcunque aliud factum ejusdem' Hen- 
rici filii, in praejudicium et exbieredationem bseredum such 
rum de corpore suo exeuntium, secundum legem et ronaue- 
tudinem regni nostri cancellari non posse, sed in suo robore 
permanere debere, ac volentes ea conaideratione cariraimo 
filio Dostro Jobanni nunc Duci I^ancaatrise qui Blancbiam, 
filiam et faseredem praedicti Henrici filii Henrici poatmodum 
Duda Lancastriee, duxit in uxorem, et eidem Blaocbiae, 



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91 
beire; which fines, amercementa, raiiBoms, isaues, year, 
day, «aate, or estrepeineiit, forfeitures, and murderB, 
would haro pertained to us or our hrars, if they had 
not heen granted to the aforesud Earl and his heirs 
aforesaid. So that the same Earl and his heirs afore- 
Bud, by themselves or by their bailifis and ministers, 
might levy, perceive, and have the fines, amercements, 
ransoms, issues, and forfeitures of such their men and 
tenants aforesaid, and all things which could pertain to 
us and our heirs of the year, day, and waste or estrepe- 
ment, and murders aforesaid, — without let or hinderaoce 
of us or our heirs^ or of our justices, escheators, sheriffi^ 
coroners, or other our bailiffi or ministers whomsoever. 
Which Bud charter, after the death of the aforesaid Earl, Bomndu 
Henrv, son and heir of the same Earl (to whom all the iixHwud 
lands and tenements which were of the same Earl did by be- ■»»"* 
reditary right descend), for certain causes surrendered unto 
us to be cancelled, and therefore the charter is cancelled, as 
to us appears by tnspecUon of the rolls of our chancery. 
We, taking into consideration that those things which Thagintte 
had been so granted by ub in fee-ttdl to the aforesaid Earl ^ '^^j 
and the heirs of bis body begotten, and whereof the afore- 
said Earl by virtue of our grant aforesaid was seised in 
his demesne as of fee on the day of his death, could not 
by any surrender of the charter aforesaid to us so made 
by tbe aforesaid Henry the aoa of Henry, nor by any 
other act of the same Henry the son, in prejudice and 
(Usherison of bis heirs of his body issuing, be annulled 
according to the law and custom of our realm, but ought 
to remain in their full force, and being wilUng, with that 
consideration, to shew especial favor to our most dear son 
John now Duke of Lancaster (who took to wife Blanche, 
daughter and heir of the aforesaid Henry son of Henry, 



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qui quidem Jobftnoes et BUnchia omnia terras et tene- 
meata, quot fuerunt tarn preedicti Henrici patris quam 
prsehti Henrici filii jure hsereditario, ut in jure prsedictee 
Blanchiie de corpore prcedicti Heurici filii Henrici pro- 
creatae, jam teoent, gratiam facere epecialem, dictam con- 
cQssioQem nostram prsefoto Henrico Comiti, ut prsemittitur, 
factam, prsefatiB Johanni nunc Duci Lancastriee et Blanchis 
uzori ejus duzimus innovandam, et concessinius et hac 
carta nostra confirmavimuB, pro nobis et beeredibuB noatris, 
eisdem Johanni Duci et Blancbin quod ipsi et hasredes 
sui de corporibus ipsorum Johannis et Blaochiae procreati 
et omnes homines sui de terris et feodis quee fuerunt 
preedicti Henrici patris dicto septimo die Maii imperpetuum 
sint quieti de pavagio, passagio, paagio, lastagio, statlagto, 
tallagio, cariagio, pesagio, piccagio, et terragio per totum 
regnum et potestatem nostram ; et etiam quod iidem Dux et 
Blaucbia et bseredes sui prsedicti imperpetuum babeant 
retorna omnium brevium noetrorum et hieredum nostrorum, 
ac summonitioDum de scaccario nostro et heeredum aos- 
trorum, et attachiameuta tarn de placitis coronee quam de 
aliie quibuscunque in omnibus terris et feodis preedictis; 
ita quod nullus vicecomes vel alius ballivus seu minister 
noster vel haeredum nostrorum terras seu feoda ilia in- 
grediatur ad executiones eonindem brevium et sum- 
mon iUonum, seu ad attacbiamenta de placilJs coronee 
vel aliis prsedictis aut aliquod aliud officium ibidem 
faciendum, nisi in defectum ipsorum Ducis et Blancbise 
et bseredum suorum praedictorum ac ballivorum et minis- 
trorum suorum in terris et feodis suis pnedictis. Et etiam 
quod babeant catalla bominum et tenendum suorum fe- 
loQum et fu^tivorum ; ita quod si quis hominum vel tenen- 
tium suorum pro delicto euo vitam vel membrum debeat 
amittere vel fugerit et judicio stare noluerit vel aliud 



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afterwards Duke of Laocaater), and to the same Blanche, 
which aame John and Blanche now bold by hereditary 
right, ae in right of the aforesaid Blanche, begotten of 
the body of the aforesaid Henry son of Henry, all the 
lands and tenements which were as well of the aforesaid 
Henry the father, as of the aforesaid Henry the son, baye Ranandiii 
thought fit to renew oar said grant, made as is premised ?^^' 
to the aforesaid Earl Henry, unto the aforesaid John now ^J^°^* 
Duke of Lancaster and Blanche his wife; and we have t^^^»^ 
granted, and by this our charter hare confirmed, for us *^^ 
and our heirB, to the same Duke Jobs and Blanche, that 
they and thrar beire of the bodies of the same John and 
Blanche begotten, and all their men of the lands and fees 
which were of the aforesiud Henry the father on the said 
seventh day of May, may be for ever quit of paviage, pas- AeqnHuiM* 
sage, payage, laetage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage, 
picage, and groundage throughout all our realm and domi- 
nion ; and also that the same Duke and Blanche, and their 
heirs aforeaud for ever, may have the return of all writs of Boon ^ 
us and our heirs, and summons of the exchequer of us and \^^^^ 
our heirs, and the attachment as well of pleas of the crown '>™^ 
as of other pleas whatsoever in all the lands and fees afore- j£^^,^ 
sud; so that no sherifl^ or other bailiff or minister of us 
or our heirs, may enter those lands or fees, to execute 
the same writs and summons, or to make attachment of 
the pleas of the crown or other pleas aforesud, or to do 
any other office there, unless in dehult of the same Duke 
and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid, and their haiUffs 
and ministers in their lands and fees aforesaid. And also ^^fjT'**' 
that they may have the chattels of their men and tenants 
being felons and fugitives; so that if any one of their 
men or tenants ought to lose life or limb for his ofience, 
or should flee and be unwilling to stand his trial, or 



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quodcumque delictum fecerit pro quo catalla sua debeat 
perdere, ubicunque justitia de eo fieri debeat dve in 
curia nostra vel baesredum oostrorum sire in aUa curia, 
ipsa catalla unt ipsorum Ducia et Blancbise et heereduni 
auorum prsdictonun, et quod liceat eis seu miniatria suis 
mne impedimento nosbi rel faseredum noetrorum ricecomi- 
tum aut aliorum ballirorum seu roimstrorom noBtrorum quo- 
rumcunque ponere Be in eeiunani de catallia prsdictiB et ea 
ad usum ipaorum Ducia et Blanchise et heeredum suoruin 
prsedictorum retinere. Et etiam quod habeant impeipe- 
tuum omnes fines pro tranBgreBsionibus et aliis delictis qui- 
buscunque et etiam fines pro licentia concordandi, ac omnia 
amerdamenta redemptiones et ezitus forisfoctOB, ac foria- 
fiuturas, annum diem vastum et Btreppum, et omnia qusa 
ad noB et baeredes nostroe pertinere poteruut de hujusmodi 
anno die et vasto et murdris de omnibus hominibus et te- 
nentibus de dictis terris et feodia qute fuerunt dictt Hen- 
rici patnB dicto septimo die Mui, in quibuacunque curiis 
noBtriB et hEeredum noetrorum homines et tenentea illoe, 
tarn coram nobis et hseredibua nostris, et in cancellaria 
nostra et hseredum noatrorum, ac coram tbesaurario et 
barontbus nostris et heeredum noBtrorum de scaccario, et 
coram justitianis nostris et beeredum nostrorum de banco, 
ac coram senescallo et marescallie seu clerico mercati 
hospitii noBtri et beeredum nostrorum, qui pro tempore 
fuerint; et aliis curiis nostris et bnredum noBtrorum, 
quam coram justitiariis irineranttbus ad communia pla- 
cita et ad placita foreste et quibuscunque aliis ju»- 
titiariiB et miniatria nostris et haeiedum nostrorum, 
tam in prsaentia nostra et beeredum nostrorum quam 
in absentia QOBtra et heeredum noetrorum, fines facere vel 
amerciari, exitus foriafacere, annum diem et vastum seu 
foriafacturas et murdra adjudicari contigerit; quee finei^ 



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commit any other offence for the which he ought to 
lose his chattels, wheresoever justice should be had of 
him, whether in the court of us or our heirs, or in any 
other court, such chattels shall belong to the same Duke 
and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid. And that it shall 
be lawful for them or their ministers, without hinderance 
of us or our heirs, or of our sherife, or other bailifb or 
ministers whomsoever» to put themselTes in seizin of the 
chattels aforesaid, and retun them to the use of the same 
Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid. And also Fia«n< 
that they may have for ever all fines for trespasses and ■■«■•• Br- 
other oSences whatsoever, and also the fines for licence towton* 
to agree, and all amercements, ransoms, and forfeited 
issues and forfeitures, year, day, and waste, and estrepe- 
ment, and all things which can pertun to us and our 
heirs, of the like year, day, and waste, and murders, in 
respect of all the men and tenants of the said lands and 
fees, which were of the said Henry the father on the 
said seventh day of May, in any soever of the courts of 
us and our heirs, where such men and tenants shall 
happen to make fine, or be amerced, or forfeit issues, 
or such year, day, and waste, or forfeitures and murders, 
happen to be adjudged, as well before us and our heirs, 
and in the chancery of us and our heirs, and before the 
treasurer and barons of the exchequer of us and our heirs, 
and before the justices of the bench of us and our heirs, and 
before the steward and marshals, or the clerk of the market 
of the household of us and our heirs for the time being, 
and in other (he courts of us and our heirs, as before 
the justices in eyre, to hold common pleas and pleas of 
the forest, and before all other justices and ministers of 
us and our heirs whomsoever, as well in presence of us 
and our heirs as in absence of us and our heirs; which 



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S4 

amerciunenta, redempHoneB, esitus, annus dies vastum 
sive streppum, forisfactune et murdra, ad noB vel haeredee 
nostroe poeeent pertinere, bi prse&tiB Duci et Blanchiie et 
hieredibus suis prrodictis concessa non fuissent. Ita quod 
iidem Dux et Blancbia et bseredee sui praedicd, per se vel 
per ballivOB et minietroB suos, fines, amerciamenta, redemp- 
tjones, exitus, et forisfacturas hujusmodi hominum et 
tenentium suorum prsedictorum, et omnia quse ad nos et 
lueredee nostros pertinere poterunt de anno die et vasto sive 
Btreppo et murdris prsedictis, levare percipere et habere 
possint, — sine occasione vel impediniento nostri vel h8er&< 
dum noatroninii juBtitiariorum, escaetorum, vicecomitum, 
coronatorum, aut aliorum ballivorum seu ministrorum nos- 
trorum quoTumcuuque. Quare volumus et firmiter prae- 
ciptmus pro nobis et hseredibus noBtris quod priefati Dux 
et Blancbia et hseredes sui prsedicti imperpetuum babeant 
omnes libertates praedictas sicut prsedictum est, et eis et 
earum quaUbet deceetero plene gaudeant et utantur, reddi- 
tione seu cancellatione cartte preedictje non obstante. Ita 
quod b\ prsedicti Dux et Blancbia sine baerede de cor- 
poribus suis exeunte obierint; tunc omnes et «ngulte 
libertates prsdictae, poet mortem ipsorum Ducis et 
Blanchise ad dob et heeredes nostros integre rever- 
tantur. Hiis testibus, venerabilibua patribus, Simone 
Eliensi Cancellario, Johanne BatbonieuBi et Wellensi Tbe- 
saurario, nostriB, Episcopis, Leonello Duce Clarencise filio 
nostro carissimo, Humfrido de Bobun Herefordiee, Ricardo 
Arundelliee, Comitibus, Edwardo le Despenser Domino de 
Glamorgan et Morgannowe, Guidone de Bryan, Johanne 
atte Lee Senescallo hospitii nostri, et aliiB. Data per 
manum nostram apud Westmonasterium quaitodetnmo die 
Julii, anno regni noBtri tricesimo octavo. 

Per ipsum Regem. 



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fines, amercementB, ransoms, issues, year, day, wost^ or 
estrepement, forfeitures, and murders, would pertain to 
UB or our heirs, if they hod not beefi granted to the 
aforesaid Duke and Blanche, and their heirs oforestud. 
So that the same Duke and Blanche, and their heirs afore- 
said, by themselves or hy their bailifis and ministers, may 
levy, permve, and have the fines, amercements, ransoms, 
issues, and forfeitures of such their men and tenants afore- 
said, and all things which can pertain to us and our heirs 
of the year, day, and waste, or estrepement and murders 
aforesaid, — -without let or hinderance of us or our heirs, or 
of our jusUces, escheatorB, sherifis, coroners, or other our 
bulifis or ministers whomsoever. Wherefore we will and 
strictly command for us and our heirs, that the aforesaid 
Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid, shall hare 
all the liberties aforesaid for ever, as is aforesaid, and 
shall henceforth fully enjoy and use them and every of 
them, notwithstanding the surrender or cancelling of the 
charter aforesaid. So that if the aforesud Duke and 
Blanche shall die without heir of their bodies issuing, 
then all and every the liberties aforesaid, after the death 
of the same Duke and Blanche, shall entirely revert to 
us and our heirs. These being witnesses, the venerable 
fathers, Simon Bishop of Ely, our Chancellor ; John 
Bishop of Bath and Wells, our Treasurer ; our most dear 
son Lionel Duke of Clarence ; Humj^rey de Bohun, Earl 
of Hereford ; Richard Earl of Arundel ; Edward le De- 
spenser, Lord of Glamorgan and Morgannowe; Guy de 
Brian ; John atte Lee, Steward of our household, and 
others. Given under our hand at Westminster, on the 
fourteenth day of July, in the thirty-eighth year of our 
reign. By the King himself. 



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96 

" Et memorandum quod «muiee pnedicte Ubertatee sunt 
in terris et feodis, quee luerunt praedicti Henrici patris nuper 
ComitiB LancaatiiaB dicto septimo die Mui, et non in oliie 
terris et feodig quse praedicti Dux et Blanchia jam tenent, 
concesaee ; licet hoc in omnibus lods ubi bujusmodi term 
et feoda in carta ilia Bpedficantur non sit plenarie expres- 
snin." 



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S5 

*< And be it remembered that all the aforesaid liberties Mnnvu- 
are granted in the lands and fees whidi were of the afore- JJ^^ 
said Henry the bther, late Earl of Lancaster, on the said 
seventh day of May, and not in the other lands and fees 
which the aforesaid Duke and Blanche now hold; albeit 
this be not fully expressed in all places where the like 
lands and fees are specified in that charter." 



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_J 



VIII. 

De E8CAHBIO FACTO CUM CoBnTE RlCU£HONDl£. 

gJEC carta indentata facta inter magnificum prin- 
1 cipem Dominum Edwardum Regem Aogliffi et 
I Frandae et caiiBumum filium suum JobanDem 
I R^em CastellsB^flt Legionis et Ducem Laocas- 
tme illustrem testatur quod cum idem Dominus Rex 
Angliae prsefetum Johannem nunc Regem Castelln io 
Comitem Richemondiee prsefecerit, et comitatum Rich&- 
mondiie ac honorem castra maneria terraa teoemeota 
et omnia alia loca ad dictum comitatum pertinentia que 
Johannes nuper Duk Britanniae et Comes loci pnedicd 
habuit ibidem, prie&to Johanni Regi Castellee per nomen 
Comitis Ricbemondiffi, babenda et tenenda sibi et bsere- 
dibuB de corpore suo exeuntibus, dederit et concesserit 
per cartam suam, prout in carta preedicta plane liquet: 
Jamque dictua Johannes Rex Castell», cum prsektia pro- 
ceribus comitibue maguatibus nobilibus et sapieutibus de 
condlio regio existeudbus pnehabitis super hoc diversis 
tractatibus, perpeudens et advertens quod si comitatus 
honor castra maneria terre tenementa et loca praadicta 
in Be et solium repum, a quo prim exivenuit, transfe- 
rentur, in ipsios Regis Angliee et totius regni Anglie 
commodum tenderet, quietem pariter et honornn. Et 
propterea dictus JohaDoea Rex Castells^ sicut gratus filius, 
patris sul beneplacita, honorem et commodum regni 
Angliie, buib propriis utilitatibus antepooens, pura et 
spontanea voluntate sua, causis et occasionihus antedictiB, 
Bpecialiter acquievit et concessit quod comitatus honor 



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VIII. 

Or THE EXCBAMGFS MADE WITH THE EIaRL OF RICHMOND.* 

SHlS Charter indented, made between the high j 
1 and mighty prince, Lord Edward King of Eag- ' 
I land and France, and bis moat dear son John, 
) the illuBtrious King of CoBtille and Leon and 
Duke of LancoBteTi witnesseth, that, whereas the same 
Lord the King of England did advance the aforesaid 
John, now King of Caatille, to be Earl of Richmond, i 
and by his cbarter did give and grant unto the aforesaid • 
John King of Castille, by the name of Earl of Richmond, 
the earldom of RichnLond, and the honor, cagtleB, manors, 
lands, tenements^ and all other places to the said earl- 
dom pertaining, which John late Duke of Brittany and 
Earl of the aforesud place had there, to b^Te and 
hold to him and the heirs of his body isauiog, as in the 
cbarter aforesaid pUunly doth appear: And now the 
Bud John King of Castille, divers treattes hereupon being 
bad with the prelates, peers, earls, grandees, nobles, and 
sages of the royal council, well weighing and consider- 
ing, thal^ if the earldom, honor, castles, manors, lands, 
tenements, and places aforesaid were to be transferred 
to him and the royal throne, whence they had first 
issued, it would tend not lees to the advantage of the 
■aid King of England, and the whole realm of England, 
than to the quiet and honor of the same. And for that 
the sud John King of Castille, like a grateful son, pre- 

* The □riginal Ctuurter doe< not now exiat in the uchiret of the 
Duchy of Lancaater. 






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«7 

caetra maoeria ten» tenementa et loca prsedicta, necnon 
feoda [Dilituin ad eadem comitatum boDorem caetra nuu 
neria terras tenementa et loca preedicta pertinentia, et 
similiter advocationes eiedem Bpectantes aimul cum mem- 
bris bamelettis pratiB pascuie paetmia piscariis morie m&iia- 
cis turbariis chacnis parcis boscis wareonis hundredis wapen- 
tachiis feriis mercatia libertatibiu liberis consuetudinibus 
escaetia et oranibus aliia ad pnedicta comitatum bcmorem 
castra tnaaeria terras tenementa et loca prsdicta qualiteiv 
cumque et ubicumque spectantibus sire pertiDentibuB, prse- 
fato patri sue traderentur ; unde prsedictua Dominus Rex 
AnglisG gradtudinem prsedictam multis attoUena laudibus, et 
Tolena proinde prsebto Johanni Re^ Castellae, et in status 
sui supportationem majorem, retributionem sibi facere com- 
peteatem, caatrum manerium et bonorem de Tlckbull, cas- 
trum et manerium de Alto Fecco, cum feodis militum eisdem 
' eastris manerus et bonori pertinentibuB sive spectantibus, et 
omnia feoda quae dictus Dominus Rex Angli» babuit ex 
dono et conceaeione Robert! de Lisle militis (feodis ques in 
maou ipeius Domini Regis Angliae sunt extincta dum- 
taxat exceptis) necnon adTocationes eccleeiarum de Steyn- 
drop et Braunspath in episcopatu Dunolmensi, et libera- 
rum cspellanim de llckbuU et de Alto Fecco, oc eccleai» 
de Marsfeld, liberse capellm ibidem, libera capeUse infra 
castrum de Pevenese, prioratus de Wilmingdon, qui est 
cella abbatisB Sanctie Man» de Greeton in Normannia, 
et prioratus de Withiham, qui est cella abbatise Sancti 
Martini de Menmest Turon*, et domus Sancti Roberti 
de Knaresburgh ; castrum manerium et bonorem de Knares' 
buigb cum pertinentiiB, et bundredum sive wapentachium 
de Stajmcli^ cum peninentiis in comitatu Eboraci, ma- 
neria de Grynglay et Whetelay, cum pertinentiis in co- 
mitatu Notingbamise, maneria de Wygbton, Ailesham, Fa- 



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«7 
ferring bis father's pleuura, and the boaor and con- 
venience of the kingdom of England, to his own private 
advantage, of hie own pure will and free accord, for the 
causes and reasons aforesaid, hath especially acquiesced 
and granted that the earldom, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, and places aforesaid, and also the 
knighta' fees perbuning to the some earldom, honor, 
castles, manors, lands, tenements, and places aforesaid, 
and in like msDoer the advowsons belonging to tbe sam^ 
together with the members, bamlets, meadows, feedings 
pastures, fisheries, moors, marshes, turbaries, chases, parks, 
woods, warrens, hundreds, wapentakes, fiurs, markets, li- 
berties, free customs, escheats, and all other things to the 
aforesaid earldom, honor, castles, manors, lands, tenements^ 
and places aforesaid howsoever and wheresoever belong- 
ing or pertaining, shall be given up to his aforessdd father ; 
whereupon the aforesaid X^ord the King of England, ex- 
tolling with many praises the gratitude aforesaid, and 
being willing therefore to make competent retribution 
to him the aforesaid John King of Castille, and for tbe 
better support of bis station, hath given and granted 
for himself and his heirs unto the aforesaid John King 
of Castille the castle, manor, and honor of Hckhill, tbe 
castle and manor of tbe High Peak, with the knights' 
fees to the same castles, manors, and honor perbuning 
or bebngin^ and all the fees which the said Lord tbe 
King of England hod by the gift and grant of Sir lU^iert 
de IJsle, knight, (oxceptiDg only those foes which are 
extinct in the hands of the said Lord the King of Eng- 
land,) and also tbe odvowsoos of tbe churches of Stun- 
drop and Broncepetb in the bishopric of Durham, and 
of the tree chapels of llckhi)! and High Peak, and of 
the church of MaresGeld and free chapel there, of the 



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kenhamdam, et Soetesham ; necnon hundreds de Nortti- 
grenebowe, Norther{Hi]ghaiii, Sutberpingham, et Smetbe- 
doD, cum pertinentiis in comitatibua Norfolciee et Suffolcio^ 
maneria de Glatton et Holm, cum pertinentiis in comitatu 
HunlingdoniflB, manerium de Saham, cum pertinentiia is 
comitatu Cantabrigiae, caetnim et leucatam de Pevenese 
ac maneria de Wilyndon et Manfeld, necnon ballivam de 
Endelenewyk, cum pertineDtiis in comitatu SuBSexiee, et 
liberam chactam de Alto Pecco, quam dictua Dominus 
Rex Angliae tenuit in macu sua ut forestam, tenendam ut 
liberam chadam, ac liberam chadam de ABshedon, cum 
juiibua et libertatibua liberie chaciis perdnentibua ; et 
annuam firmam ducentarum marcarum quam abbas et 
conventuB beats Marice Eborum eidem Domino Regi 
AoglieB et baeredibuB Buis pro manerio de Whitegift sol- 
vere tenentur, percipiendam per tnanus dictorum abbatis 
et conventus et euccessorum euorum, dedit et concesnfc 
pro se et hseredibuB euis prsefato Johanni Regi Castellse^ 
babenda aibi et baeredibus de corpore suo exeuntibue una 
cum mewbris bamelettis pratis paecuie pasturis piscariiB 
moris mariscis turbariis chafflis parda boscia warennia 
bundredis wapentacbiis feriis mercatis libertatibua H- 
beris consuetudinibuB escaetie et omnibus aliie ad prse- 
dicta caatra maneria bonores hundreda leucatam ballivam 
et cbacias qualitercunque et ubicunque spectantibua sive 
peitinentibuB de prxfato Domino Rege Anglis et bsere- 
dibus suie per servitia inde debita et consueta imper- 
petuum in cBcambium pro dictis comitatu Ricbemondiee 
bonore castria maneriia terns tenementie loda feodis et ad- 
vocationibuB prKdictia, que idem Jobannes Rex Castell» 
per banc cartam indentatam dedit concessit et sursum red- 
didit eidem Domino Regi Angliae et hseredibus suia im- 
perpetuum in escambium pro castris manertis bonoribua 



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free chapel within Pevensey castle, of the priory of WiU 
mingdon, which is a cell of the abhey of Su Mary de 
GrestoD in NoTmandy, and of the priory of Withiham, 
which ia a cell of the ahbey of Sl Martin de Meremest 
in Tourain, and of the house of St. Robert of Knares- 
boro'; — the castle, manor, and honor of Knaresboro', with 
appurtananceB ; and the hundred or wapentake of Stain- 
clif^ with appurtenances, in the county of York ; — the 
manors of Gringley and Wheatley, with appurtenances, in 
the county of Nottingham ; — the manors of Wighton, Ayls> 
ham, Fakenham, and Suettisham, and also the hundreds of 
North Greenho^ North Erpingham, South Erpingham, and 
Smithdon, with appurtenances, in the counties of Norfolk 
and Suffolk; — the manors of Glatton aud Holm, with ap* 
purtenances, in the county of Huntingdon; — the manor of 
Sobam, with appurtenances, in the county of Cambridge; 
— the casUe and laieata of Pevenaey, and the manors of 
Willingdon and Maresfield, and also the bailiwick of En- 
delenewick, with appurtenances, in the county of Siusex; 
— and the free chase of the High Peak, which the swd 
Lord the King of England held in his hands as a forest^ 
to hold as a iree chase; — and the free chase of Ashdown, 
with the rights and liberties to iree chases pertaining;— 
and the yearly farm of 200 marks which the abbot and 
convent of St Mary's at York are held to pay to the 
same Lord the King of England and bis heun for the 
manor of White^ft, to be perceived by the bands of the 
said abbot and convent, and their successors: — To have 
to him and the heirs of his body issiung, together with the 
members, hamlets, meadows, feedhigs, pastures, fisheries, 
moors, marshea, turbaries, chases, parks, woods, warrens, 
hundreds, wapentakes, fain, markets, liberties, free cus- 
toms, escheats, and all otiier things to the aforesaid caatiea, 



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bundredifl leucata ballivs chaciis fimu feodis et advo- 
catiombus praedictja, sibi per ipaum DomiDum Regem 
AoglicE^ ut pneditntur, datis et coaceBsu, eub ea qusa 
Bequitur conditioae, quod si bferedee dicta JohanoiB Il^iis 
Castellse recuperavermt per judicuum inde rite redditum, 
comitatnin Richemondise, honorem castra maneria terras 
tenementa loca feoda et advocatioiies praedicta aut ali- 
quam parcellam eoruDdem, virtute doni tallis eupradicti, 
et poasesaioDom inde habueritit, recuperationein illam affii^ 
mando, liceat ^dem DonuDo Regi AngUee et heeredibuB suis 
castra maneria boDores hundreda leucatam ballivam cbaciaa 
firmam feoda et advocationeB prsedicta, preefoto Johanni 
Regi Castellce aic in escamlHusi preedictum data et con- 
ceBsa, TsiBtrare et tenere imperpetuum. Et si contJn- 
gat praedicta castra maneria honores hundieda leuca- 
tam balliTain chacias firmam feoda «t advocatiooes aut 
aliquam parcellam eorumdem prae&to Johanni Regi Cas- 
tellae in eacambium prsedictum sic data et conceeea ab 
eodem Jobanne Rege Caatellffi aeu hseredibus Buis prtedic- 
tis recaperari, dictuB Dominus Res Angliie et bieredes eui 
debitam recompeDsaUonem pisfato Jobanni R^ Castells 
et bsredibus sius praedictis, de valore, nne difficultate 
qualibet facere teneantur. Dumtamen idem Jobannes Rex 
CaBtellae et baeredes sui prasdicU a dicto Domino R«ge 
Angliae aut hsredibus suis auxilium petant, et debitam 
diligentiam apponant circa salvationem de eo quod versus 
eoB peti contingat. Et eUam si comitatum Richemondise 
bonorem castra maneria terras tenementa loca feoda et 
adTocationes pnedicta aut aliquam parcellam eorumdem 
extra mauus dicti Domini Regis Angliae seu baeredum 
suorum in feodo umplici aut talliato poni contingat, et 
impoaterum ad manus ejusdem Domini Regis Angliae vel 
haerednm snonun, ex josta causa, in feodo derenerint, 



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manors, boaora, hundreda, levcata, bailiwick, and cbaaes 
howBoever and wberesoever belonging or pertaining, of 
tbe afbresud Lord the King of England and his heirs, 
by tbe Berrices therefore due and accustomed for ever, in 
exchange for the said earldom of Richmond, and the honor, 
castles, manors, lands, tenements, places, fees and adrow- 
Bons aforesaid, which tlie same John King of Castille by 
this charter indented hath given, granted, and surrendered 
to the same Lord the King of England and his heirs for 
ever in exchange for the castles, manors, honors, hundreds, 
leucata, bailiwick, chases, tarm, fees, and adrowsons afore- 
said,- given and granted to him by the same Lord the King 
of England as is aforesaid, — under the condition hereaAet 
following, — that if the heirs of the Bud John King of 
Castille shall recover by judgment thereupon rightfully 
given the earldom of Richmond, honor, castles, manors, 
lands^ tenements, placee, fees, and advowsons aforesaid, or 
any pan»l thereof, by virtue of the aforesaid gift in tail, 
and thereof have poesession, affirming that recovery, it may 
be lawful for the same Lord the King of England and his 
heirs to re-enter and bold for ever tbe castles, manore, 
honors, hundreds, feuco^o, bailiwick, chases, farm, fees, and 
advowsons aforesaid so given and granted to tbe aforesaid 
John King of Castille in exchange as aforesaid. And if 
it happen that the aforesaid castles, manors, honors, hun- 
dreds, leucata, bailiwick, chaseB, farm, fees and advowsons, 
or any parcel thereof so given and granted to the aforesaid 
John King of Castille in exchange as aforeBaid, be re- 
covered from the same John King of Castille or bis heirs 
aforesaid, the stud Lord the King of England and his heirs 
shall be held to make due compensation of the value to 
the aforesaid John King of Castille and his heirs aforesMd 
without any difficulty. So however, that the same John 



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80 

tarn idem DomiQua Rex Anglise et bseredea sui castro 
maneria honores bundreds leucotam ballivam cbociaB fii^ 
mam feoda et advocatioiies praedicta prsefsto Johanni Regt 
Castellffi et bseredibus de corpore auo ezeuDtibue sic 
data et concessa, quam prsefatus Jobaonea Rex CastellsB 
et broredes sui prcedicti dictum comitatum Ricbemondiee 
ac honorem caatra maneria terras tenementa loca feoda 
et advocationes prsBdicta dicto Domino Regi Angliie et 
heeredibuB suie in eecambium praedictum ut prsemittitur 
data et concessa, pro integro seu pro rata rehabeant bine 
et inde^ et restitutio ezinde fiat, tenenda prout priua. Et 
idem Dominus Rex Anglise et bseredea eui caatra muieria 
boDorea himdreda leucatam balUvam chaciaa firmam feoda 
et advocatioQes preedicta, preefato Jobanni Regi Castelbe 
et hseredibus de corpore auo exeuntibua per ipaum Do- 
minum Regem Anglise data et concessa, pnefato Jobaoni 
Regi Castellie et bieredibus suia prtedictia waraDUzabunt et 
impeipetuum defendent, juxta rim et effectum escambii 
et condiUonum prsedietorum. Et similiter idem Johannes 
Rex Castellffi et baeredes sui praedictum comitatum Riche- 
mondiffi, aimul cum bonore caatris maneriia terris tenemeu- 
tis locia feodis et advocadonibus preedictis, prtedicto Do- 
mino Regi AngUffl et bsredibus suis contra omnes warao- 
tizabunt et tmperpetuum defendent, juxta vim et effectum 
escambii et conditionmn prEedictorum. In cujus rei tes- 
timonium praedictffi cartie indentatse tarn aigillum dicti Do- 
mini Re^B Anglise quam Eigillum dicti JoiiaDDis Regis Ca»- 
tellse alternatim sunt appensa. Hiis testibus, venerabilibus 
patribus Willielmo Arcbiepiacopo Cantuarienu totius An- 
glin Primate, Simone LomUnensi et ^llielmo Wintonienai, 
Episcopis, Edmundo filio dicti Regis Anglise carisumo 
Cantabrigise, Ricardo Anindellite, Humfrido de Bofaun He- 
refordiie et Willielmo de Monte Acuto Sarum, Conutibus, 



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King of CastiUe and his heirs aloresaid pray aid of the 
sud Lord tbe King of England oi his heirs, and apply 
due diligence about the salvation of that whidi may 
happen to be sued against them. And also if it happen 
that the earldom of Richmond, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and adroHsonB aforesaid, 
or any parcel thereof, be put out of the hands of the 
said Lord the King of England or his heirs in fee 
Hmple or tail, and thereafter shall come by just cause 
into the hands of the same Lord the King of England 
or bis heirs in ke, as well the same Lord the King of 
England and his heirs, the caatlee, manors, honors, hun- 
dreds, Uueaia, bailiwick, chases, farm, fees, and advowsons 
aforesaid so given and granted to the aforesaid John 
King of Castille and the heirs of his body issuing as the 
aforesud John King of Castille and his heirs aforesaid, the 
said earldom of Richmond, and the honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and advowBons aforesaid 
given and granted to the said Lord the King of England 
and bis heirs in exchange aforesud, as is premised, may 
bare back on either side entirely or proportionately, 
and restitution thereupon be made, to hold as before. 
And the same Lord the King of England and his heirs, 
the castles, manors, honors, hundreds, leucata^ bailiwick, 
chases^ EEtnn, fees and advowsons aforesaid ^ven and 
granted by the same Lprd the King of England to the 
aforesaid John King of Castille and the heirs of his body 
issuing, will warrant and for ever defend to the aforesaid 
John King of Castille and his heirs aforesaid, according 
to the force and effect of the exchange and conditions 
aforesaid. And in like manner the same John King of 
Castille and Ms heirs, the aforesaid earldom of Richmond, 
together with the honor, castles, manors, lands, tenements, 



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Henrico de Perey, Roberto de Thorp CancelUricv Ricardo 
de Scrap Theaaunuio^ WilUelmo Latymer Camerario, Jo- 
banoe de Neville Seaescallo hospifii prsedicd Domini Regis 
AnglifB, Jobanne Knyvet, WUlielmo de Fynchedece, Jo. 
hanne Moubray, Tboma de Ingelby, Willieboo de Wy- 
cbyngbain, Rogero de Meres et Johaiuie de Careiidisah, 
ejusdein Domini Regie Anglie juBtitiariis, et aliig. Data 
apud WestDonaateriiun vicesimo quinto die Junii, anno 
regni dicti Domini Regis Anglis quadragesimo Bezto^ regni 
vero Biu Francise tricesimo tertio> 

Per ipsum Regem et Concilium. 
" Et memorandum quod una pars iatius indenturae re- 
manens penes Regem Aaglife dedmo nono die Julii libe- 
rata fuit Ricardo de Raveneeere clerico." 



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81 

places, fees, and advowsoos aforesiud, agwnst all men will 
warrant and lor ever defend to the aforeeaid Lord the 
King of Enf^land and his heirs, according to the force 
and effect of the escbaoge and conditions aforesaid. In 
witness whereof^ as well the eeal of the said Lord the 
King of England, as the seal of the said John King of 
CasUlle, alternately are set to the aforesud charter in> 
dented. These being witnesses, the venerahle Atthera, 
William Archtusbop of Canterbury, Primate of all Eng- 
land; Simon Biahop of London, and William Bishop of 
Winchester ; Edmund Earl of Cambridge^ the most dear 
son of the said King of England ; Richard Earl of Arundel; 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and William de 
MoDtacute, Earl of Salisbury; Henry de Percy; Robert 
de ThoriH Chancetior ; Richard de Scroope, Treasurer ; 
William Latymer, Chamberlain ; John de Neville, Steward 
of the household of the aforesaid Lord the King of Eng- 
land; John Knyvet, William de Fynchedene, John Mou- 
bray, Thomas de Ingelby, William de Wycbyngbam, Roger 
de -Meres, and John de Cavendissfa, Justices of the same 
Lord the King of England, and others. Given at West- 
minster on the twenty-fifth day of June, in the forty-sixth 
year of the reign of the said Lord the King of England, 
and the Uiirty-third of his reign of France. 

By the King himself and Coundl. 
" And be it remembered that the one part of this in- 
denture remuning with the King of England was delivered 
on the nineteenth day of July to Richard de Ravensere, 
clerk." 



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IX. 
Pro Dues Lancastria. 
S^^S te****!! D WAEDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglim et Francwe 
&im!iind!' f, "^BhS ^t DomiDiis HibemueomnibuB ad quoB pnBflentes 
literse peTvenerint, ealatem. St^tis quod ei noa, 
debita conuderatione pmsaotes gestua magnifi- 
cos cunctorum qui iiobia in guerris Dostris laudabiliter et 
BtreDue servienint, ipaos deuderemua honoribus attollere 
et pro viribus juxta merita praemiare, quanto magis .filios 
□OBtros, quoa tarn in Bapientia quam in gestu nobili altos 
prEBcellerfl coaspicimus, et qui nobia locum tenoeruDt et 
tenere potenint podorem, nos convemt majoribua hono- 
ribus et gratiis priBrogare. Considerantes itaque pro- 
bitatem atrenuam et sapientiam praecellentem cariaainii 
filii Qostri Jobannis B«gi8 Castellie et Legionia, Ducia 
Lancastrian qiu laboribua et expensis semper se nobis 
obsequiosum exhibuit, pro nobis pluries in necessitati- 
bus intrepide se gueirarum discrimitjibus exponendo; et 
Tolentee eo preetextu ac desiderantes eundem filium nos- 
trum aliquali commodo et honore ad prssens, licet non ad 
plenum, prout digna merita exposcunt, remunerare ; ex 
certa scieotia nostra et keto corde, de assensu praslatorum 
et procerum in instanti parliamento noatro apud Westmo. 
nasterium conrocato existentium, concessimus, pro nobis et 
bieredibus nostris, pne&to filio nostro, quod ipse ad totam 
vitam suam habeat infra comitatum Lancastriie caucella' 
nam suam, ac brevia sua sub sigillo suo pro officio cancel- 



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Fob the Duke op Lancabteb.* 

nDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England ^^**^^ 
\ and France and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom «■>-i*"- 

the present letters shall come, greeting. Know 
1 ye, that if we, weighing with due connderatjon 
the noble bearings of all those who laudably and stre- 
nuously have served us in our wars, be deurous of 
raiung them to honors, and rewarding them for their 
valour according to their merits, bow much more doA 
it beeome ub to advance with greater honors and favors 
our own sons, whom we see excelling others as well in wis- 
dom as in noble bearing, and who have stood and may 
stand us in better stead. Considering, therefore, the stre- ^™!'^"^ 
OUOU8 goodness and excellent wisdom of our most dear SUTSSS^rf 
son John King of Castillo and Leon, Duke of Lancas- ^'"■^*^- 
ter, who bath ever shewn himself ready to serve us with 
labor and charges, many times in our need intrepidly 
exposing himself for us to the dangers of war, and being 
willing on that account, and desiring now to reward, 
albeit not in full, the same our son with some benefit 
and honor as bis merits worthily demand, of our certain 
knowledge and with cheerful heart, with the assent of 
the prelates and nobles assembled in our present par- 
liament convoked at Westminster, we have granted, f<n- 
US and our heirs, unto our aforesaid son, that be for the 
whole of his life may have within the county of Lan- 
* The on^n»l Chtiiet is pKBcived in the uchiTes of the Ducby of 



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88 

Urise deputando coDBignapda, justitiarioe buos tam ad pla- 
cita coronse quam ad qusecumque alia placita communem 
legem tangeotia tenenda, ac cognitjooes eorundem, et quas- 
cumque executioDes per brevia sua et miniBtroa suoa ibidem 
bcieodas, et qusocumque alia libertatea et jura regalia ad 
comitem palatinum pertioentia, adeo integre et libera eicut 
Comes CeBtnsB iufra euudem comitatum Cestrise dinoscitur 
obtinere (dedmie quintisdecimis et aliis quotis et subsidiU 
nobis et heeredibus nostrie per communitatem regni noatri, 
et dedmis et aliia quotis per clerum ejusdem regui nobis 
concessiB et imposterum concedendis, aut eidem clero per 
sedem apostolicam impositis et imponendis, ac pardona- 
tionibua Titee et membrorum in casu quo aliquis ejusdem 
comitatus aut aliuB in eodem comitatu pro aliquo delicto 
Titam vel membrum amittere debeat, ac etiam superioritate 
et potestate corrigendi ea quae in curiis ejusdem filit nostri 
ibidem erronice facta fueiint, vel si idem filius noster aut 
ministri sui in justitia in curiis ejusdem filii nostri inibi 
fadenda defecerint, semper salris). Et est intentionis nos- 
trie quod idem filius noBter, ad mandata nostra et hieredum 
nostrorum, ad parliamenta et concilia nostra duos milites 
pro communitate comitatus prsedicti et duos burgenses de 
quolibet burgo ejusdem comitatus ad tiactandum cum aliis 
de communitate dicti regni nostri ad eadem parliamenta et 
condiia venientibus de negotiis dicti regni nostri in eisdem 
parliamentis et conciliia exponendis mittere teneatur. Et 
quod idem filius noster certos homines fideles et suffldentes 
ad hujusmodi decimas et qmntasdectmae subsidia et alia 
quota quotiens ea nobis seu bseredibus nostris in parlia- 
mentis seu condliis concedi contigerit asBignet; ita quod 
nobis et bseredibus nostris de sic concessis respondeatur 



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caster hu dumcery, and his writs to be sealed under 
bis seal to be deputed for the office of the chancery, his 
justices to hold as well pleas of the crown as all other 
pleas whatsoever touching the common law, and the cog- 
nisance thereof, and all manner of execution to be made 
by his writs and his ministers there, and all other liber- 
ties and jura regalia pert^ning to a Count Palatine, as u>dyinr<- 
freely and entirely as the Earl of Chester is well known H^'**"* 
to obtain witbyi the same county of Chester: (saving "«"^ 
always the tenths, fifteenths, and other contributions 
and Buhndies granted and hereafter to be granted to us 
and our heirs by tiie commonalty of our realm, and the 
tenths and other contributions granted and hereafter to 
be granted to us by the clergy of the same our realm, 
or imposed and to be imposed upon the same clergy 
by the apostolic see; — and the pardon of life and limbs 
in case that any person of the same county, or other 
person in the same county, ought for any delict to lose 
his life or limb; — and also the superiority and power 
of correcting those things which shall have been erro- 
neously done there in the courts of our same son, or if 
our same son or his ministers shall have &iled in doing 
justice there also in the courts of the same our son.) And ^^'bnu 
it is our intention that our aame son, at the mandates of ul^*-" 
OS and our h^rs, be held to send to our parliaments and tmin pw 
councils two knights for the commonalty of the shire afore- 
said, and two burgesses Irom every borough of the same 
shire, to treat with the others of the commonalty of our 
said realm coming to the same parliaments and councils 
concerning the afl^rs of our sud realm in the same parlia- 
ments and councils to be declared. And that our same JJ2ii"Si«. 
son shall asugn certiun trusty and sufficient men for the '^^^^^ 
like tenths and fifleenths, subsidies and other contribu- S^"** 



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84 

per eoedem. In cujus rei testimonium has literas nostras 
fieri fecimuB patentes. Teste me ipso apud Weetmonas- 
terium vicemmo octavo die Februarii, anno regni nostri 
Angliee quinquagesimo primo, regni vero nostri Francise 
triceeimo octavo. 

Per ipsum Regem de asseneu totius ParliamentL 



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84 

tionS) 80 ofteB as they Bhall happen to he granted to 
us or our heirs in parliament or council; bo that we and 
our heirs may by them be answered in respect of such 
grants. In witness whereof we have caused these our 
letters to be made pateot. Witness ounelf at West- 
minster on the twenty-eighth day of February, in the 
fifty-first year of our reign of England, and the thirty- 
eighth of our reign of Frauce. 

By the King himself, with the aBsent of the whole 
Parliament 



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X. 

Fro Johanne Reoe Castells et I^eoionis Duce 

LaNCA8TRI£. 

^DWARDUS, Dei gratia Rex Aogliae et Fran- 
ciae, et DominuB Hibernis, archiepiscopis, epi- 
scopis, abbatibuB, prioribus, ducibus, comitibua, 
baroDibus, militibus, justitiarue, vicecomitibus, 
preepOBiti% baUivis, miniBtriB, et aliis fidelibus suiB) sa- 
lutem. Sciatia quod cum Duper per cartam noBtram in- 
dentatam dederimus et concesBerimus pro oobiE et heere- 
dibus nostris quaDtum in nobis fuit cariBBimo filio nostro 
Johanni Regi Casteliro et Legionis, Duci Lancastrise, caa- 
tnim manerium et honorem de Tickhull, ac alia terraB et 
teaementa in dicta carta nostra Bpedficata cum perd- 
nentiis ; habenda ubi et heeredibus de corpore buo exeun- 
tibuB in eacambium pro comitatu Richemondiee, ac bonore 
castris maneriiB terns tenementie et omnibus aliis lode ad 
dictum comitatum pertiaentibus nobis et hsredibus noBtris 
per prffifatum filium nostrum datds concesns et sunum reddi- 
tiB,proutin carta nostra prsedictapleniuscontinetur; ac jam 
praefatus filius noBter nobis Bupplicaverit ut cum villa de 
Grenstede quffi ut parcella manerii de Marsfeld, villa de 
Seford quee ut parcella caatri et leucatm de Pevensey, 
et villa de Laghton in Mortbyng quae ut parcella castri 
et honoiiB de Tickbull, sibi in certum valorem in escam- 
bium praedictum (nulla spedali mentione facta de villis illia 
in dicta carta nostra) liberata fuerunt^ tria groasa per ae 
separadm et non pertinentia ad manerium de Marsfeld 
caatrum et leucatam de Peveneey et caatrum et honorem 



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X. 

Fob John King or Castille and Leon, Duke of 
Lancaster.* 
nDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England «h June, 
and France, and Lord of Ireland, to his arch- *^»-i«J- 
bishops, bishops, abbots, priors, dukes, earls, 
i'^i-'^^' barons, knights, justices, sherifie, reeves, bailifis, 
ministers, and other bis faithful people, greetbg. Know rhHeii ihu 
ye, that whereas we did lately by our charter indented give "j™*^ 
and grant for us and our heirs, as far as did in us lie, to our ™^£^ 
most dear son John King of Castille and Leon and Duke 1^,^^ 
of Lancaster the castle manor and honor of Tickbill 
and other lands and tenements in our said charter spe- 
cified, with appurtenances, to have to him and the heirs of 
his body issuing, in exchange for the earldom of Richmond 
and the honor castles manors lands tenements and all 
other places to the said earldom pertaining, given granted 
and surrendered to ua and our heirs by our aforesaid son, 
as in our charter aforesud more fully is contained; and ^^^^^ 
now our aforesaid son hath besought us, that, whereas the |!||ll'^t^ 
town of Grinstead, which as parcel of the manor of Mares- thl^'^'' 
field, the town of Seaford, which as parcel of the castle and mcniiaiied m 
kucata of Pevensey, and the town of Laughton-in-le- '^JlH^" 
Morthen, which as parcel of the castle and honor of 
Hckhill, were delivered to htm at a certun valuation in 
the exchange aforesud, (no special mention being made 
of those towns in our sud charter,) be three towns in 
gross severally of themselves, and be not nor were at any 

* The original Chaiter is prcserred in the uehirra of the Duchj of 



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8« 

de TlckhuU preediota exiatant, nee aliquo tempore fuerint, 
sicut jam eibi datur intelligii velimus ne ipse aut bae- 
redes aui preedicti super occupatione dictanim viUanim 
de Grenstede, Seford, et Lagbton, ob defectum specialis 
nominatiomB eanimdem in concesaioQe Dostra prsdicta 
impetantur infuturum, dictas rillas de Grenstede, Se- 
ford* et Lagbton, nominatim eibi concedere, habendas et 
tenendas una cutn dictis castro manerio et bonore de 
Tickbull, ac aliis ten-is et tenementis Bibi in dictum es- 
cambium datis, et etiam cum libertatibua quietantiia et 
immunitatibus quae Pbilippa nuper Regina Anglite, tunc 
consors nostra, quse dicta castrum manerium et honorem 
de Tickbull et alia terras et tenementa, eidem filio noatro 
per DOB sic data, tenuity in vita sua babuit ex concessione 
nostra in eisdem, in recompensationem libertatum quietan- 
tiarum et immunitatum quas idem filius noster in dicto 
comitatu Richemondise et bonore castris maoeriis terris 
tenementis et aliia locia ad dictum comitatom pertjoen- 
tibua babuit, dum ea tenuit, ante escambium aupradictum. 
Nob escambium illud in qualibet parte ejusdem obserrare, 
et tarn quieti dicti filii nostri et haeredum auorum prsedic- 
torum in hac parte proapicere, quam dicta tenementa eidem 
filio nostro ut prtemittitur data et concesaa ac dictas villas 
de Grenstede, Seford, et Lagbton, quas virtute dictae 
concessionia nostrse sic tenets libertatibua quietantiis et 
iromunitaUbus, per praefotam consortem nostram habiUs 
ut praemitdtur in eisdem, muniri et exomari, in recom- 
pensationem libertatum quietantianim et immunitatum 
per preedictum filium nostrum in dicto comitatu Ridie- 
mondiffi et pertinentiia auis prsedictis nuper habitarum, 
et prsecipue ob specialem affectionem quam ad personam 
ejusdem filii nostri, suis meritis magnificis laudabiliter 
exigentibue, gerimus et babemus, concesaimus eidem filio 



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86 

time pertaining to the aforesaid manor of Mareafield, castle 
and leucata of Pevensey, and castle and honor of Tickhill, 
as now he is given to understand, lest he or his heirs afore- 
said should in future be impeached in the occupation of the 
said towns of Grinstead, Seaford, and Laugbton for the 
want of special naming of the same in our grant aforesaid, 
we would be pleased to grant the said towns of Grinstead, ^J^J^ 
Seaford, and Laugbton to him by name, to have and to G^,"' " 
bold together with the said castle manor and honor of 
Tickhill and the o^er lands and tenements given to him 
in the said exchange, and also witli the liberties acquit- uSmi^'t^ 
tances and immunities which Pbilippa, late Queen of Eng- ^ST*^ 
land, then our consort, (who held the said castle, manor, (onsvw. 
and honor of Hckhill, and the other lands and tenements *^**- 
BO given by us to our same son,) in her lifetime had in 
the same by our grant, in compensation for the liberties 
acquittances and immunities which our same son had in 
the 8«d earldom of Richmond, and in the honor castles m»- 
nors lands tenements and other places to the said earldom 
pertuning, whilst he held them before the exchange above 
said. We, to observe the said exchange in every part couidn- 
thereof, and to look as well to the quiet of our said son and •«•['nuiT 
his heirs aforesaid in this behalf, as that the said tene- *^'™'_. 
ments given and granted to our same son as is premised, ^^^^ 
and the said towns of Grinstead, Seaford, and Laugbton, Uridii^E^*^ 
which by virtue of our said grant he so holds, be adorned 
and armed with the liberties acquittances and immunities 
had in the same by our aforeswd consort as is premised, in 
compensation for the liberties acquittances and immuni- 
ties lately had by our aforesaid son in the said earldom of 
Richmond and its appurtenances aforesaid, and chiefly on 
account of the special affection which we have and bear for & 
the person of our same son, bis high merits full worthily ■ 



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67 

et fonna in eadem carta nostra contentis Imperpetuuin, 
videlicet^ cum feodis tnilitum, advocationibus domorum re- 
ligiosanim boBpitalium eccleBiarum et capellarum, wardis 
maritagiis et escaetie de omDibus tenentibuB de ho- 
noribuB maneriis terns tenementis et aliia locis pnedictis 
prsefato filio noBtro per nos sic datia, simul cum chaciis 
parcis boscia varenniB feriiB mercatiB aquis viis piscariis 
commuiuB asBartis vastiB et purpreaturis, ac etiam arren- 
tationibuB et redditibua quorumcumque assartorum vas- 
torum et purpresturarum tarn temporibus progenitorum nos- 
trorum quondam Regum Angliae quam nostro in chaciia 
et aliis locis preedictis arrentatorum et exnunc arrentan- 
dorum, una cum finibus pro ingresau hujuamodi assartorum 
vastorum et purpresturarum sic arrentandorum, et cum 
curiis, visibuB franci plegii, hundredis, wapeutachiis, wrek, 
wayr et stray*, Ubertatibus regalibus, et liberis consuetudi- 
nibuB, et omnibus aliis ad eadem castra bonores maneria 
bundreda et alia terras teDcmenta et loca qualitercumque 
et ubicumque spectantibus. Concessimus etiam pro nobis 
et b^eredibus nostris eidem filio nostro quod ipse et died 
hseredes sui habeant omnes fines redemptiones et amercia- 
menta omnium bominum et teneotium suorum de et in 
castris bonoribus maneriis bundredis villis terrts tene- 
mentis et aliiB locis prfedictis sibi per nos sic dads, et 
eorum feodis, ac etiam in omnibus villis bundredis et 
aliis locis unde annus finnse et redditus sibi inter csetera 
terras et tenementa prtedicta per nos concessi proveniunt; 
necnon exitus forislactos, et omnia quee ad nos et bieredes 
nostros pertinere poterunt de anno die et vasto, foriBfac- 
turis et murdris, in quibuBCumque curiis nostris et hseredum 
nostrorum homines et tenentes illos (tarn coram nobis et 
bieredibuB nostris et in cancellaria nostra et beeredum 
nostrorum, ac coram tbesaurario ct baron ibus nostris 



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57 

may have and retua together with the said castle manor 
and honor of llckhill and the other lands and tenements 
aforesaid by us given to him as is premised, and with u,a trior 
the liberties acquittances and immunities underwritten, ii«, ne. 
(which we granted to the aforesaid Queen to have in 
the said lands and tenements by her so held for her 
life, as is evident to ua by the inspection of the rolls 
of our chancery,) to have, use, and enjoy in the said 
castle manor and honor of Hckhill, and the other cas- 
tles manors honors hundreds, and the towns of Grin* 
stead, Seaford, and Laughton, and the other lands te- 
nements and places whatsoever, given by us as has 
been said to our said son, and in our said charter more 
fully specified, and in every part thereof — to our same 
son and the said heirs of his body begotten as is afore- 
sud, in exchange as abovesaid under the manner and 
form contained in our same charter fur ever, that is 
to say, with knights' fees, advowsons of religious bouses, Knv»*- 
hospitals, churches and chapels, wardships, marriages, and ^ «.'"' 
escheats of all the tenants of Uie honors, manors, lands, te- 
nements and other places aforesaid by us so given to our 
aforesaid son, together with chases, parks, woods, warrens, chuo, 
fairs, markets, waters, ways, fisheries, commons, assarts, 
wastes, and purprestures, and also with the arrentations 
and rents of all manner of assarts, wastes, and purprestures 
arrented in the chases and other places aforesaid, as well 
in our time as in the times of our pro^uitors formerly 
Kings of England, and hereafter to be arrented, together 
with the fines for ingress of the like assarts, wastes, and 
purprestures so to be arrented, and with courts, views of 
frankpledge, hundreds, wapentakes, wreck, waif and stray, wwk. 
royal liberties and free customs, and all other things to the 
same castles, honors, manors, hundreds, and other lands. 



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38 

et bseredum noatronim de scaccario, quam conun jueti- 
tiariU noetrie et hseredum Dostrorum itineraDtibuB ad 
communia placita et ad plocuta forest», ac etiam coram 
juBtitiariis Dostiis et hteredum Dostrorum do banco, et 
coram senescallo et mareBcallo ac coronatore hospitii 
noBtri et bseredum nostrorum et derico de mercato, 
ac coram aliis justitjariis et minietriB Dostris et bsere- 
dum Dostronim quibuscumque) fines seu redemptionea 
facere vel amereiari, aut bujuemodi exitus murdra seu 
forisfacturaa annum diem et vaetum adjudicari, contigerit^ 
adeo plene et iategre eicut nos ea haheremua si priedicta 
castra honores maneria bundreda villas terras tenementa 
et alia loca prsedicta, eidem filio nostro aic data, in manu 
nostra retinuissemus. Ita quod ipse et dicti hseredes sui 
per manus ballivorum et nuQistrorum suorum fines redem}^ 
tjones et amerdamenta hominum et tenentium pmdictorum 
exitus forisfactos, et omnia qiue ad nos et tueredes nostros 
pertinere potenint de anno die vasto, forishcturis et 
murdris, de et in castris honoribua maneriis bundredia 
TiUis terris tenementis et aliis locis prsedictis per nos sic 
datis ac eorum feodis, quae coram prsBdictis justitiariis iti- 
nerandbuB ad communia placita et ad placita forestSB, ac 
coram dictis seneecallo et mareecallo coronatore seu clerico 
fieri et adjudicari contigerit, per extractas eorumdem jus- 
titiariorum idnerantium in itineribua suis et senescalli 
et marescalli et coronatoris ac clerici in sessionibus suis 
eisdem ballivia et ministrie iude liberandae, necnon fines 
redempUonea et amerciamenta bominum et tenentium pne- 
dictoruin, ac exitus forisfactos, et omnia qu» ad noa et 
hffiredes nostros pertjnere poterunt de anno die et vastO) 
forisfacturis, et murdris, de et in castris bonoribus 
maneriis bundredis Tillis terris tenementis et aliis locis 
prsedictis per nos sic daUs ac eorum feodis, quse coram 



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tenemente, and placee howsoever and wheresoever belong- 
ing. We have alec granted for us and our beira to our nnuud 
same son that he and bis said heirs may have all fines, <•>«"•• 
ransoms, and amercements of all their men and tenants 
of and in the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, 
lands, tenements, and other places aforesaid so given to 
him by us, and in their fees, and also in all the towns, 
hundreds, and other places whence the annual &rmB and 
rents by ua granted to him among the other lands and 
tenements aforesaid do proceed ; and also forfeited issues, forftiud i>. 
and all things which can pertain to us and our heirs taiiuRi,&c. 
of year, day, and waste, forfeitures and murders, in any 
soever of the courts of us and our heirs, where such 
men and tenants shall happen to make fine or ransom 
or be amerced, or such issues, murders, forfeitures, year, 
day, and waste happen to be adjudged, as well before us ^n» or 
and our heirs, and in the chancery of us and our heirs, and *•""*■ 
before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer of us and 
our heirs, as before the justices of us and our heirs in eyre 
to hold common pleas and pleas of the forest, and also 
before the justices of the bench of us and our heirs, and 
before the steward and marshal and coroner of tlie hous»- 
hold of us and our heirs, and the clerk of the market* and 
before all other justices and ministers of us and our heirs 
whomsoever, as fully and entirely as we should have them if 
we had retained in our band the aforesud castles, honors, 
manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid so given to our same son. So that he Tbei>uk> 
and his said heirs by the hands of his bailiSa and ministers u>.ni by xn 
may be able to levy, perceive, and have the fines, ransoms, J» J^fJ^' 
and amercements of the men and tenants aforesud, for- ^^™- 
feited issues, and all things which to us and our heirs can 
pertun of year, day, and waste, forfeitures and murders, erf* 



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nobis et hseredibus noatriB, rel \a cancellaria nostra et 
hseredum noetrorum, eeu coram tbesaurario et baronibus 
nostris et bseredum nostrorum de ecaccario, eeu coram 
justitiariis nostrU et haeredum Doetrorum de banco aut 
juatidariis ad assisBB capiendas et gaolas deliberandas 
seu juBtitiariis ad felonias et transgresnones audieDdas et 
tennmandaa assi^atis, vel coram aliis juaUtiaiiia seu mi- 
nUtrie Dostris et bseredum noBtrorum quibuscumque fieri 
et adjudicari contigerit, per extractaa scaccarii noatri et 
beeredum noetrorum ballivis et ministria dicti fiUi nostri 
et dictonim beeredum auorum per manus vicecomitum in 
quorum baHiris castra houorea maneria huodreda villn 
term tenementa et alia loca prcedicta, ut eat dictum, per 
HOB data, ac eorum feoda esiatunt, inde liberandas, levare 
percipere et habere ' poaont, — sine occanone toI impedi- 
mento nostri yel beeredum noatrorum aut ballivorum seu mi- 
niatrorum noetrorum quorumcumque. Et quod idem filius 
Boster te dicti heeredefl Bui habeaut in castrig honoribus 
maneriia bundredis villia terns teuementie et aliu lods 
prtedictis per nos aic datis, ac eorum feodia, cataHa felonum 
et fugitivorum; ita quod si quie hominum vel tenentium 
auorum aut alii in lods prsedictis vel eorum feodia pro 
delicto auo vitam vel membrum debeant amittere vel 
fugerint et judlcio stare noluerint, vel aliquod delictum 
fecerint pro quo catalla sua debeant perdere (ubicumque 
justiUa de eis fieri debeat eive in curia noetra vel 
baeredum noetrorum aive in aliis curiis) ipaa catalla 
eint praefati filii uoetri et dictonim beeredum auorum, et 
liceat eis sea miniatris suia sine occasioue vel impedi- 
mento nostri vel baeredum noetrorum vicecomitum et alio- 
rum ballivorum eeu miniatrorum uoBtrorum vel beeredum 
nostrorum quorumcumque ponere se in seisinam de catallis 
praedictie et ea ad uaum dicU filii noatri et beeredum euo- 



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and ID the casUeB, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, laod^ 
tenuDfints, and other places aforesaid by us so pyea, and in 
their fees, — such as shall happen to be made and adjudged 
before the aforesaid juBtices in eyre to hold common pleas 
and pleas of the forest, and before the stud steward and 
marshal, coroner or clerk, by estreats of the same jus- 
tices in ejrre in their drcuits, and of steward and marshal 
and coroner and clerk in their sessions, to be delivered 
thereof to the same bailifis and ministers, — and also such 
the fines, ransoms, and amercements of the aforesaid men 
and tenants, and forfeited issues, and all things which to 
us and our heirs can pertain of year, day, waste, for- 
feitures and murders, of and in the castles, honors, 
manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid by us so given, and in their fees, aa shall 
happen to be made and adjudged before us and our heirs^ 
or in the chancery of us and our heirs, or before the tre&- 
Burer and barons of the exchequer of us and our beirs, 
or before the justices of us and our heirs of the common 
bench, or our justjces assigned to take the assizes and to 
deliver our gaols, or the justices assigned to hear and deter- 
mine felonies and trespasses, or before other the justices 
or ministers of us and our heirs whomsoever, by estreats of 
the exchequer of us and our heirs, to be delivered thereof 
to the bulifls and ministers of our said son and hie 
said heirs by the hands of the sberiffi in whose bailiwicks 
the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tene- 
ments, and other places aforesaid given by us as afore- 
said, and tJieir foes, do lie; without let or hinderance of 
us or our heirs, or of our bailiSs or ministers whomsoever. 
And that our same sou and his said beirs may have in ^^^* °' 
the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, lands, te- 
nements, and other places aforesaid by us so given, and 



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eo 

rum rednere. Concessimus etiaiii pnefato fiUo Dostro pro 
nobis et bseredibua oostris quod ipee et dicti heBredes 
Bui habeant in castrts honoribus inaiierii§ hundredis Tillis 
terris tesementis et «liis locis prsedictis dicto fiUo nostro 
sic datis, ac eorum feodia, retonia omiiiuin brenum noB- 
tronim et beeredum nostrorum ac sutnnioiiitionuiii extrac- 
tarum et preeceptorum de scaccario prsedicto Decnon prse- 
ceptanim et e&tTactarum justitiarionim nostrorum et bee- 
redum nostrorum itinerantium tam ad pladta foreatie 
qusm ad communia placita, et alionim justitiarionim 
quorumcumque, et ezecutionee eorumdem brevium, sum- 
monitionum, extractarum et pneceptorum per balUvos et 
ministros suob faciendas. Ita quod nullus vicecomes bal- 
livus aut minister noeter toI hseredum noetrorum caetra 
honores maneria villas terras tenementa et alia Iocs 
priedicta, ut pnemittitur, per nos data, vel eorum feoda, 
ad o£Scia aliqua seu alia officia sua tangentia fadenda 
iDgrediatur, niu in defectum ipeius filii nostri aut dic- 
torum hffiredum vet balliTonim seu ministrorum Buonim. 
Volumus insuper et coucedimus pro nobis et hnredibus 
nostris quod Bi vicecomites vel ballivi libertatum bun- 
dredorum seu wapentacbiorum in aliquibus executiouibus 
pro eodem filio nostro aut dictis faaeredibus euis per brevia 
sive mandata nostra, vel heeredum nostrorum, aut quovis 
alio modo faciendis negligentes fuerintvel remissi per quod 
ipsos in Bcaccario nostro seu atiis curiis nostris contigerit: 
amerciari vel fines facere^ quod fines et amerciamenta ilia 
sint dicti fiUi nostri et dictorum bseredum suorum, et ad 
eorum opus leventur. Htis testibus, venerabilibus patribus 
Simone Archiepiscopo Cantuarienai totius Anglise Primate, 
Adam Menevenei Cancellario, Henrico Wigomensi Tlie- 
saurario, nostris, Episcopia, Eklmundo Comite Cantabrigiffl, 
Thoma de Wodeetok Const^ulario Anglite, filiis nostris 



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in their fees, the chattels of fslons and fugidvest bo that 
if any of their men or tenants or others in the piacea 
aforesaid, or in their fees, for their delinquency ought 
to lose life or limb, or shall flee and not be willing to 
stand their tnal, or shall commit any offence for the which 
they ought to lose their chattels, (wberesoover justice shall 
be had of them, whether in the court of us or our heirs, or 
whether in other courts,) such chattels shall belong to 
our aforesaid son and his sud heirs, and that it shall be 
lawful for them or their mimsters to put themselves in 
seizin <^ the chattels aforesaid, and retain them to the 
behoof of our sud son and his heirs, without let or hin- 
derance of us or our h^rs, our sheriffs and other hailiflb 
or ministers of us or our heirs whomsoever. We hare also emdtd 
granted to our aforesaid son, for us and our heirs, that "^u 
he and bis said heirs may have in the castles, bonors, <^<)>*«i 
manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid so given to our said son, and in their 
fees, the return of all writs of os and our heirs, and of 
summons, estreats, and precepts of the exchequer afore- 
said, and also of the precepts and estreats of the justices 
of us and our heirs in eyre to hold as well pleas of the 
forest as common pleas, and of other justices whomso- 
ever, and the execution of the same write, summons, e». 
treats, and precepts, to be made by their bailiffs and mi- 
nisters. So that no sheri^ bailiff, or other minister of 
us or our heirs shall enter the castles, honors, manors, 
towns, lands, tenements, and other places aforesaid by us 
given as is premised, or their fees, to perform any offices, or 
other things touching their offices, unless in default of our 
same son or bis 8«d heirs, or of their bailiffs or ministers, ^^. 
And furthermore we will and grant, for us and our said ^Svb 
heirs, that if the sheriffs or biuli£& of liberties, hundreds, or 



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61 

cariasiniis, Henrico de Percy Marescallo Anglis, Jobanue 
de Ipre Senescallo hospitii nostri, Nicholao Carreu Custode 
privsti »gilU noBtri, et aliis. Data per manum nostram 
apud Shene quarto die Junii, anno regni aostri Angliss 
quinquagesimo primo, regDi vero nostri Frandse tricesimo 
octavo. 

£?© ^ autem tarn dictam cartam indentatam quam die- 
tan aliain cartamt ae omnea donatioDes concessionee et 
omnia alia in eiedem cartie conteota pro nobis et bceredi- 
bu8 nostris, tenore prtesentium, ratificamus et confirmamus, 
juxta tenorem et eSectum cartarum supradictarum. In 
cujuB Tei testimoDtuni baa literas Dostraa fieri fecimus pa- 
tentes. Teste me ipso apud Westmonasterium, quintode- 
cimo die Septembris, anno regni nostri primo. 

Faeynoton. 
Per breve de privato sipllo. 



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ei 

wapentakes be negligeot or remiss in making any execu- 
tions for our same son or bis sud beirs, by writs or man- 
dates of us or our beirS) or in any otber wise, whereby it 
shall happen that tbey be amerced or make fines in our 
exchequer or in otber our courts, aucb fines and amerce- 
ments shall belong to our said son and his said heirs, 
and may be levied to their behoo£ These being wit- 
neseest the venerable fathers, Simon Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, Primate of all England ; Adam Bishop of Sb 
David's, our Chancellor j Henry Bishop of Worcester, 
our Treasurer ; Edmund Earl of Cambridge, and Thomas 
of Woodstock, Constable of England, our most dear sons ; 
Henry de Venj, Marshal of England; John de Ipre^ 
Steward of our household; Nidiolas Carreu, Keeper of 
our privy seal, and others. Given under our hand at 
Sheen, on the fourth day of June, in the fifty-first 
year of our reign of England, and the thirty-eighth of 
our reign of France. 

J^S?IQ) *^ ^ "^11 ^s 8^ charter indented as the said 
otber charter, and all the donations, grants, and all other 
things in the same charters contained, for us and our heirs 
by the tenor of these prraents do ratify and confirm accord- 
ing to the tenor and effect of the charters abovesaid. In 
witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be 
made patent Witness ourself at Westminster, on the 
fifteenth day of September, in the first year of our reign. 
Faryhotom. 
By writ of privy seaL 



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Pro Johanke Reoe Castellx et Leoionis Duce 
Lancastrian. 
ICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglite et Franinse 
et DominuB Hilwrnise omnibus «d quoB pra- 
Beates literee pervenerint salutem. SciaUa quod 
.cum dominus Edwardus nuper Rez Angliaa, 
avus naater, per literas subs patentes, qiias per literas nos- 
tras confirmarimus, ia pleno parliameoto suo concesBisBet 
carissimo aTunculo nostro Johanni Regi Caetellse et Le- 
gionie Duci Lancastiiae quod ipse ad totam vitam Buam 
habeat infra comitatum LancaatriK cancellariam suam, ao 
brevia sua sub sigillo euo pro officio cancellarise deputando 
consignanda, justitiarios buob tarn ad placita coronse quam 
ad qusecumque alia pladta communem legem tangestia te- 
nenda, ac cognittonea eorundem, [etj qnascumque execu- 
Uones per brevia sua et ministros suos ibidem fadendas» 
et quaecumque alia libertates et jura regalia ad Comitem 
Palatinum pertinentia, adeo integre et libere «cut Comes 
Cestriee infra eundem comitatum Cestriaa dinoscitur obti- 
nere, prout in Uteris patentibus ipuus ari noatri et con- 
firmatione nostra priedicta plenius continetur. Ac jam 
prsefatUB avunculus noeter per petitionem suam coram nobis 
et concilio nostro in prtesenti parliamento nostro exbibitam 
nobis Bupplicaverit ut cum ipse virtute dictorum Terboruni 
generaltum in dictis Uteris ipsius avi nostri contentorum 
communi intellectu rationabiliter clamare posset exercere 
et habere omnimoda jurisdictiones proficua et commodi- 
tates quse ad nos in dicto comitatu Lancastriae perti- 



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XIII. 
For John Kino of Castille and Leon, Duke of 
Lancaster.* 
wlICHARD, by the grace of God, King of Eng- imh m». 
I land and France and E^rd of Ireland, to all to *■'• ■*'*- 
J whom the present letters shall com^ greeting. 
] Know ye, that whereas the Lord Edward, late "«((^ <•* 
King of England, our grandfather, by his letters patent ^"^r p*i^ 
(which by our letters we confirmed), in his full parlia- 
ment did grant to our most dear uncle John King of 
Castille and Leon, Duke of Lancaster, that he for the 
whole of his life should have within the county of Lan- 
caster his chsnrory, and hie writs to be sealed under 
his seal to be deputed for the office of the chancery, his 
justices to hold as well pleas of the crown as all other 
pleas whatsoever touching the common law and the cog- 
nisance thereof and all manner of execution to be made 
by his writs and his mtoistere there, and all other liberties 
andyrcra regatia pertuning to a Count Palatine, as freely 
and entirely as the Earl of Chester is well known to obtain 
within the same oounty of Oieeter, as in the letters 
patent of our same grandfather and in our confirmation 
aforesaid more fully is contained. And now our afore- udttut 
sud unclei by his petition exhibited before us and our pctittonid 
council in our present parliament, bath besought us, ^^^ 
tbat, whereas by virtue of the said general words con- ^^^ 
tuned in the sud letters of our same gruidfather he ^h. 
might by the common understantting thereof reasonably 

* The original Charter does not now exist in the uchiTes of the 
Dnchj of Ltuicaater. 



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68 

nere deberent, ipseque praetextu dictoram verbonim ge- 
neralium scaccarium suum in eodem comitatu Lancas- 
trise et omnia ad bujusmodi Bcaccarium pertinentia, sc 
jurisdicdonein et poteatatem faciendi et constituendi jus- 
tjliarios 8U0B itinerastea ad pUcita foreeta et alios juB- 
titiarioe ad qusecumque alia placita assisam foresteB tan- 
gentia iafra dictum comitatum Lancastrue, a tempore 
concessionis prsedicti avi noatri tenuerit exercuerit et 
habuerit, velimuB dicta verba generalia, propter obecuri- 
tatem iotellectus eorumdem, et pro majori securitate prse- 
fati avunculi nostri in hac parte, declarare, et praenuBsa, 
per ipaum virtute dictorum verborum geoeralium ut prse- 
tnittitur usitata, per verba speinalia et expressa sibi con- 
cedere gratiose: Noa ad supplicationem ipstus avimculi 
noetri, et ut ambiguitatea amputeotur in bac parte, de 
aaaenau praelatorum ducum comitum baronum et commu- 
nitatia regni noetri Angliae in prseaenli parliamento nostra 
existentium, declaramua eundem avunculum nostrum om- 
nibus et aingulia pTiemissis, per ipsum prstextu dictorum 
verborum geoeralium ut pnemittitur u^tatis, virtute eorum- 
dem verborum generalium uti poaae et debere ; et ulterius 
de gratia nostra apedali tenot« pnesentium expresse con- 
cedimua, pro nobis et baeredibus noatris, eidem avunculo 
nostro, quod ipse bujusmodi scaccarium suum in dicto 
comitatu Lancastriie, ac baroues et alios ministroa in 
eodem scaccario necessaries, necnon juriadictiones execu- 
tiones et consuetudines quascumque in scaccario nostro 
Angliffi rationabiliter uaitatas habeat in eodem acaccario 
suo et eia ibidem plene gaudeat et rationabiliter utatur ; et 
quod ipse babeat jurisdictionem et potestatem feciendi et 
constituendi justitiarioa auos it^nerantes ad placita forestae 
et alios juatidarios ad qusecumque alia placita assisam fo- 
rest» tangentia inira dictum comitatum Laocastrife tenenda 



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claim to have and exercise all manner ot jurisdictioDS, 
profits, and commodities which ought to pertain to ub 
in the said county of Lancaster, and that by pretext of 
the said general words be had bad, exercised, and held 
from the time of the grant of our aforeaud grandfather his 
exchequer in tlie same county of Lancaster and all things 
to such exchequer pertuning, and the jurisdiction and 
power of making and appointing hie justices in eyre for 
pleas of the forest, and other justices for all manner of 
other pleaa touching the assize of the forest within the 
B^d county of Lancaster, we would he pleased graciously 
to declare the said general words, on account of the ob- 
scurity of their meaning and for the greater security 
of our aforesaid uncle in this behalf and to grant to 
him by special and express words the premises by him 
used hy virtue of the said general words as is premised: 
We, at the supplication of our same uncle» and to cut onnifB 
off all ambiguity in this behalf, witii tlie assent of the ciwiun m 
prelates, dukes, eorls^ barons, and the commons of our Pduina. 
realm of England in our present parliament assembled, 
do declare that our same uncle by virtue of the said 
general words can and ought to use all and every the 
premises by him used hy pretext of (he same general 
words as is premised ; and furthermore, of our especial 
grace, by the tenor of these presents we do expressly 
grant, for us and our heirs, to our same uncle, that he 
may have such his exchequer in the said county of Lan- 
caster, and barons and other ministers necessary in the 
same exchequer, and also all jurisdictions, executions, 
and customs whatsoever, which are reasonably used in our 
exchequer of England, in the same his exchequer, and 
may fully and reasonably use and enjoy them there ; and 
that he may have the jurisdiction and power of making 



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durante vita ipsius avunculL ncetri supradicta (pladtis tamea 
et querelia ac aliis quibuscumque, ubi nos vel heredea 
aostri in dicto acaccario vel coram prsfatis joatidaiiia 
partes fuerimus Tel fieri contingat, in fatunim emergen- 
tibuB semper salvia) ; volumus etiam quod omnia verba 
generalia in conceBBioae ejusdem avi noatri prssdicta con- 
tenta in guo robore permaneaDt tota vita avuDculi noBtri 
aupradicti, dedaratione et oonceBsione per prseseutes factis 
non obatantibuB. In cujus rei teBtimonium has literaa 
nostraa fieri fecimua patentes. Teate me ipso apud Glou- 
ceetriam decimo die Novembris, anno regni nostri secundo. 
Per petidonem ipstus Regis Castellse de Farliamento. 



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and appointing his justices in eyre to hold pleas of the «id ippsint- 
forest^ and other jueUces to bold all manner of other ti^ofttir 
pleas touching the assize of the forest, within the said 
county of Lancaster, during the abovesaid life of our game 
uncle (saving always nevertheless all manner of other ^^^^ 
pleas and plunts in future arising in the said exchequer, ^^" 
or before the aforesaid justices, where we or our heirs 
ahall be, or shall happen to be made, parties) ; also we 
will that all the general words contained in the afore- 
s^d grant of our same grandfather shall remain in force 
during the whole life of our abovesaid uncle, notwith- 
standing the declaration and grant made by these pre- 
senta In witness whereof we hare caused these our 
letters to be made patent. Witness ourself at Glou- 
cester, on the tenth day of November, in the second 
year of our reign. 
By petition of the same King of Castille in parliament 



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Pro Suce Lancastrix. 

w'.ICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Angli» et Francise 
et Dominus Hiberniee arcbiepiscopis, episcopis, 
abbatibus, prioribue, ducibus, comitibus, ba- 
I ronibuB, justitiariig^ vicecomitibus, prsBpositu, 
ministriB, et omnibua ballivis et fidelibus suIb, salutem. 
SciaUs quod cum domiuus EdwarduB super Rex Anglise, 
aviiB noster, per cartam auam dedis&et et coDoessisset cari^ 
simo aruDCulo nostro, filio buo, Johanni Duci Lancastrian 
tunc Comiti Lancastrise, nomen et honorem Ducis et ipsum 
in Ducem Lancaetrise prfefeciBBet, ac de eisdem nomine et 
bonore per cincturam gladti et appositionem cappae euo 
capiti investivisset^ babenda eadem nomen et bonorem Ducis 
Laucastrise, sibi et hseredibus suis maBculia de corpore buo 
legitime procreatiB imperpetuum ; BubBequenterque idem 
ams Doater per Hteras bubb patentee coucessisset pro se et 
hseredibuB euis pr^fato avunculo nostro quod ipse ad totam 
vitam suam baberet infra comitatum Lancaetris cancel- 
lariam suam, ac brevia Bua sub si^tlo buo pro officio can- 
cellariae deputando consignanda, justitiarios buos tarn ad 
placita corona; quam ad qusecumque alia ptacita commu- 
nem legem taogentia, tenenda, ac «^itiones eonmdem, 
et quascumque execuUones per brevia Bua et ministros suos 
ibidem fadendas, et quaecumque alia libertatea et jura re- 
galia ad Comitem PalatJDum pertinentia, adeo libere et in- 
tegre sicut Comes Cestrise ixtfta. eundem comitatum Cestrise 
dinoecitur obtioere (decimis quintisdecimis et oliis quotis et 
subsidiia, eidem avo nostro et baeredibus suis per communi- 



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XIV. 
For the Duke of Lancaster.* 

ijlCHARD, by the grace of God, Kiog of Eng- '«*^r'\ 
land and France, and Lord of Ireland, to hie '"' '**"■ 
j archbishops, bishopB, abbots, priors, dukea, 
J earls, barons, justices, Bberi&, reeves, minis- 
ters, and all bis bailifls and faithful people, greeting. 
Know je, that whereas the Lord Edward, late King of tudndot 
England, our grandfather, did by his charter give and ^'"■^'j'- 
grant to his son, our most dear uncle, John Duke of ^^^ 
Lancaster, at that time Earl of Lancaster, Uie name and *"**■**'> 
honor of Duke, and did make him Duke of Lancaster, 
and inTest him with the same name and honor by girtt 
ing of the sword and setting upon his head the cap, to 
have the same name and honor of Duke of Lancaster to 
him and bis heirs male of bie body lawfully begotten for 
ever; and subsequently our same grandfather did by his udatt.ii 
letters patent grant for himself and his heirs to our afore- J^jJJj*'» 
stud uncle, that he for the whole of bis Ufe should have ^^^£!7u 
within the county of Lancaster bis chaccery, and his writs Pdnhia ib 
to be sealed under his seal to be deputed for the office of of tloouur. 
the chancery, his justices to bold as well pleas of the 
crown as all other pleas whatsoever touching the common 
law, and the cognizance thereof and all manner of execu- 
tion to be made by his writs and bis ministers there, and 
all other liberties and jura r^aUa pertiuning to a Count 
Palatine, as freely and entirely as tbe Earl of Chester is 

• The original Chttrter does not now exist id the archivi» of the 
Dachy of Lancaster. 



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tatem regiii Bui, et decimis et aliis quotis per clerum ejue- 
dem regni tunc concesais et extUDC concedendis, aut eidem 
clero per sedem apostolicam impositis et imponendiB, ac 
pardooationibus vitse et membrorum, in caau quo aliquis 
ejuedem comitatus, aut alius in eodem comitatu, pro aliquo 
delicto vitam vol membrum amittere deberet, ac etdain su- 
perioritate et potestate corrigendi ea qus in curia ejuBdem 
avunculi nostri ibidem erronice facta fueriut, vel [^3 idem 
avunculus noBter aut ministri sui in juetitia in curia sua 
bcienda defecerint, semper salvia) : Et quod idem avun- 
culus noster ad mandata ejusdem avi noBtri et hseredum 
BUOTura ad parliamenta et concilia sua duos milites pro 
communitate comitatus prsedicti et duos burgenses de 
quoltbet burgo ejusdem comitatus ad tractandum, cum 
aliia dicti regni ad parliamenta et concilia venientibus, de 
negotiis dicti regni in eisdem parliamenUe et *alUs expo- 
nendiB, mittere teneretur : et quod idem avunculus noster 
certos homines fideles et suflScientes ad hujuemodi decimas 
et quintaadecimaa subsidia et alia quota, quo^ens ea eidem 
avo nostro seu hteredibus suia in parliamentb seu con- 
ciliia concedi contingeret, assignaret ; ita quod eidem avo 
nostro de sic concessia reaponderetur per eosdem. Ac 
ni» nuper ad prosecuUonem ipaius avunculi noatri per peti- 
donem suam nobis in parliamento nostro apud Gloucestriam 
tento exhibitam, auggerentia ipsum preeteztu <Uctorum ver- 
bonim generaliuro scaccarium suum in eodem comitatu 
Lancaetriae et omnia ad hujusmodi scaccarium pertinentia* 
ac jurisdictionem et potestatem EEUuendi et constituendi jus- 
tiUarios Buos itinerantee ad placita forest» et alioa justitta- 
rios ad qusecumque alia placita aaaiBam forestse tangentia 
infra dictum comitatum Lancastrue a tempore concessionis 
dicti avi nostri tenuisse exercuisse et habuisse, de assensu 
• Sir; pro " conciliiB." 



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well kflowD to obtain within the same county of Chester; 
earing always the tenths, fifteenths, and other contribu- 
tions and Bubsidies then granted and thereafter to be 
granted to our game grandfather and his heirs by the 
commonalty of his realni, and the tenths and other con- 
tributions then granted and thereafter to be granted by 
the clergy of the same realm, or imposed and to be im- 
posed upon the same clergy by the apostolic see; and 
the pardon of life and limbs in case that any person of 
the same county, or other person in the same coun^, ought 
for any delict to lose his life or limb; and also the su- 
periority and power of correcting those things which shall 
have been erroneously done there in the court of our 
same uncle, or if our same uncle or his ministers should 
have failed in doing justJce in his court And that our 
same uncle, at the mandate of the same our grandfather 
and his heirs, should be held to send to bis parliaments 
and coundls two knights for the commonalty of the ebire 
aforesaid, and two burgesses from every borough of the 
same shire, to treat with the others of the said realm 
coming to the parliaments and coundls concerning the 
affairs of the said realm in the same parliaments and 
councils to he declared : and that our same uncle should 
assign certain trusty and suflScient men for the like tenths 
and Bfteentba, subsidies and other contributions, so often 
as they should happen to be granted to our same grand- 
father or his heirs in parliament or council ; so that our 
same grandfather might by them be answered in respect 
of such grants. And we lately, at the prosecution of our 
same uncle by hie petiUon to us exhibited in our parlia- 
ment holden at Gloucester, (suggesting that by pretext of the 
said general words he had had, exercised, and held from the 
time of the grant of our said grandfather his exchequer in 



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prseUtorum ducum cotnitum baronum et communitatis regni 
nostri Anglise in eodem parliamento exiatentium, per literas 
nostras patentee declaraverimue eaodem avuaculum nostrum 
omnibus et singulis praemissis, per ipsum preetextu dictorom 
verborum generalium ut prsemittitur ueitatis, virtute eorum- 
dem Terborum generalium uti posse et debere ; et ulterius 
de gratia nostra speciali concesseriiDus, pro nobis et hsere- 
dibuB nostris, eidem avunculo noetro, quod ipse scaccarium 
suutn in dicto comitatu Lancastrise, et barones et alios 
ministros in eodem scaccario necessarios, necnon jurisdits 
tiones executiones et consuetudines quascumque in scac- 
cario Qostro Anglise rationabiliter usitatas habeat in eodem 
scaccario suo et eis ibidem plane gaudeat et rationabiliter 
utatur: et quod babeat jurisdictionem et potestatem fa- 
dendi et constituendi juatitiarios suos itinerantes ad plarata 
forestse et alios justitiarioe ad quiecumque alia pladta asd- 
sam forestse tangentia 'intra dictum comitatum LancaatrisB 
tenenda durante vita ipsius avunculi nostri (placitia tamen 
et querelis aliis quibuacumque, ubi nos vel bseredes nostri in 
dicto scaccario vel coram preefatis justitiariie partes fuerimua 
vel fieri contingat, emergeotibue semper salvia) ; et volueri- 
mus, quod omnia verba generalia in concessione ejusdera avi 
nostri praedicta contenta in suo robore permaneaot durante 
vita avunculi nostri supradicti, declaratJone et concessione 
priedicds non obstantibus, prout in carta et Uteris preedictis 
pleniuB continetur. Jam que praefatus avunculus noster 
nobis supplicaverit, ut Ubertates francbesias privilegia jura 
regalia supradicta, et omnia alia et singula sibi superius 
coDcessa, sibi et bteredibus suis masculis de corpore suo 
exeuntibus concedere dignemur, habenda eodem modo sicut 
ea jam habet, una cum dicto nomine Ducis Lancastri» 
perpetuis temporibus euccessivis. Nos probitatcm stre- 
nuam et sapientiam excel lentissimam preefalj avunculi nos- 



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67 

the same county of Lancaster, and all things to such ex- 
chequer pertaining, and the jurisdiction and power of 
making and appointing his justices in eyre for pleas of 
the forest, and other justices for all manner of other pleas 
touching the assize of the forest within the said county of 
Lancaster,) wiU) the assent of the prelates, dukes, earls, j^^'^'- 
barons, and the commons of our realm of England in the ^^^f||^ 
same parliament assembled, by our letters patent did SS'rft'taT 
declare that our same uncle should and might be able, "*"'""*■ 
by virtue of the said general words, to use all and every 
the premises by him used by pretext of the ssme general 
words as is premised ; and further, of our especial grace ma duu 
we did grant, for us and our heirs, to our same uncle, hbciEbe- 
tfaat he might have his exchequer in the sud county of 
Lancaster, and barons and other ministers necessary in 
the same exchequer, aod also all jurisdictions, execuUoDS^ 
and customs whatsoever in die same his exchequer which 
are reasonably used in our exchequer of England, and 
might fully and reasonably use and enjoy them there; 
and that he might have the jurisdiction and power of inii ipwiBi- 
making and appotntJDg his justices in eyre to hold pleas iicnofuia 
of the forest^ and other justices to bold all manner of 
other pleas touching the assize of the forest, within the 
said county of Lancaster, during die life of our same 
uncle (saving always nevertheless all manner of other 
pleas and plaints arising in the sud exchequer, or before 
the aforesaid justices, where we or our heirs should be, 
or should happen to he made, parties); and we did will JnriuiiM 
that all the general words contained in the aforesaid grant 
of our same grandfather should remain in force during the 
life of our abovesaid uncle, notwithstanding the declaration 
and grant aforesaid, as in the charter and letters aforesaid 
more fully is contained And now our aforesaid uncle 



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68 
tri, qui ee laboribus et expensis ac coDsUiis contiDuis nobis 
et regno nostro obsequioaum pariter et fructuosum Bemper 
retrOBCtiB temporibus exhibuit et ezhibet indefesae, debita 
constderaUone pensantes, ac Bperantes indubie bteredes buob 
masGulos de corpore auo legitime procreatos vestigia pro- 
genitorum BUorum qui ex tarn nobilt progenie regali procee- 
senint, divina mediante dementia, in aapientia Btrenuitate 
et bonore sequi debere, et nobis et hceredibus nostriB ac 
regno nostro maxime valere et locumtenere posse infutu- 
rum. Et volentes praemiasorum intuitu aupplicationi prse- 
dict^e annuere gratiose, de Bssenau praoseDtiB parliamenti 
nostri, Into corde et ex certa scientia nostra conceaaimus 
pro nobb et hseredibufi noBtriB, preefato avunculo nostro 
quod ipse et bferedea aui masculi de corpore buo legitime 
procreati habeant infra comitatum Lancastiiae cancellariam 
Buam ac brevia sua sub sigillo buo pro officio cancellari» 
deputando "conBerranda, juBtitJarioa suob tam at} placita 
coronse quam ad queecumque alia placita communem legem 
tangentia tenenda, ac cognitiones eorundem, et quaacum- 
que executiones per brevia sua et ministros suos ibidem 
fociendas, et qucecumque alia libertates et jura regalia ad 
Comitem Palatinum pertinentia, adeo libere et integre sicut 
Comes Cestri«e dinoscitur obtinere. Et quod habeant scac- 
carium suum in dicto comitatu Lancaetriae ac barones et 
alios ministros in eodem scaccario necessarios, necnon 
juriadictiones executiones et consuetudinee quascumque in 
Bcaccario noetro Anglise rationabiliter usitatas, et cis ibidem 
plene gaudeant et rationabiliter utantur. Et quod habeant 
jurisdictionem et potestatem faciendi et constituendi justi- 
tiarios suos itinerantes ad placita forests et alios justitia- 
rios ad qusecumque alia placita assisam forestse tangentia 
infra dictum comitatum Lancastrise tenenda imperpetuum 
• Sici pi'o " conaignftDda." 



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hath besought us that we would deign to grant the above- xha Dub. 
said liberties, franchises, privileges, jura regalia, and all "tion"! r« ■ 
and every other the things to him above granted, to him '°*'*> 
and hie heirs male of his body iseuing, to have in the 
same manner as he now hath them, together with the said 
name of Duke of Lancaster in all times to come. We, in ™°^'f^ 
weighing with due consideration the strenuous probity and >■'(*■ """* 
most excellent wisdom of our aforesud uncle, who hath 
ever shown himself in times past, and unweariedly coo- 
tinues to prove, very ready to serve us and our realm, and 
at the same time most profitably, with his continual labour, 
charges, and counsel; and hoping undoubtedly that his 
heirs male of bis body lawfully begotten ought through 
the mediation of Divine Mercy to follow the footsteps of 
their progenitors, who have proceeded from so noble and 
royal a stock, in wisdom, honor, and prowess, and tbat 
they will be able, in times to come, mightily to avail and 
stand ourselves and our heirs and our realm in good stead, 
and being willing in regard of the premises graciously to 
araent to the aforesaid petition, with the assent of our pre- 
sent parliament, of our certain knowledge, and with cheer- 
ful heart, do grant for ua and our heirs to our afbresmd iMuduw 
uncle, that he and his heirs male of bis body lawfully ^^j^/ ,„ 
begotten may have within the county of Lancaster their t^^^'°' 
chancery, and their writs to be sealed under their seal to *^ 
be deputed for the office of the chancery, their justices to J^™f^ 
hold as well pless of the crown as all other pleas whatso- 
ever touching the common law, and the cognizance thereof^ 
and all manner of execution to be made by their writs 
and their ministers there, and all other liberties and jura ■"^/^ 
reffolia pertaining to a Count Palatine, as freely and entirely ^j^** "" 
as the Earl of Chester is well known to obtain. And that ''^'•'*" 
they may have their exchequer in the said county of Lfm- HciKquet 



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69 

(placitis tamen et querelia quibuscumque, ubi nos vel haere- 
des nostrt in dicto BC&ccario vel coram pTsefatis juBtidariis 
partes fuerimus vel fieri contingat, emergaatibuB, ac deci- 
mis quiattBderimis et aliis quotis et Bubflidiis nobis et bere- 
dibuB nostris per commuuitatein regni noBtri, et decimis et 
«liiB quotiB per derum ejusdem regDi coDceaaB et eznunc 
coacedendiB, aut eidem clero per aedem apostoUcam impo- 
sitis et imponendiB, ac pardoDationibus vitfe et membrorum 
in casu quo aliquis ejuBdem comitatus, aut alius in eodem 
comitatu, pro delicto aliquo vitam vel membrum amittere 
debeat, ac etiam superioritate et potestate corrigendi ea 
qus in curia ejusdem avunculi noBtri vel dictonim hseredum 
suorum ibidem erronice facta fuerint, vel [si] idem avunculus 
noBter seu dicti bseredes sui, aut eorum ministri, in justitia 
in curia Bua facienda defecerint, semper Balvis). Et quod 
idem avunculus noBter et dicti haeredes eui, ad mandata 
nostra et haeredum noBtrorum, ad parliamenta et condlia 
nostra et beeredum ooBtrorum duos militea pro communi- 
tate comitatus prtedicli et duoa burgenees de quoUbet 
burgo ejusdem comitatus ad tractandum cum aliis dicti regni 
noatri ad parliamenta et concilia venieotibus de negotiia 
dicti regni in eisdem parliamentisefaliiB ezponendtsmittere 
teneantur. Et quod idem avunculus noBter et bteredes sui 
preedicti certoB homines fideles et sufficientes ad bujusmodi 
decimas et quintasdecimas subradia et alia quota, quotiens 
ea nobis aut haeredibus nostris, in parliamentis seu con- 
ciliiB concedi conUgerit, assigneut ; ita quod nobis et h«- 
redibus oostriB de sic conceBsis reepondeatur per eosdem. 
Quare volumus et finniter prsetdpimus quod idem avunculus 
nosier et bseredes sui prsedicti faabeant et teneant omnia 
et singula libertates francheaias privile^pa Bcaccarium jura 
regalia et alia Bupradicta una cum dictis nomine et bonore 
* Sic; pro "coneiliis." 



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caster, and barone and other minigters Dccessary in the ■'«■^°" 
same exchequer, and also all jurisdictionB, executions, and 
cuBtomB whatsoever, which are reasonably used in our 
exchequer of England, and may fully and reasonably use 
and enjoy them there ; and that they may have the juri»-' «d widiii- 
diction and power of making and appointing their justices {^{^^^ 
in eyre to hold pleas of the forest, and other justices to 
hold all manner of other pleas touching the assize of the 
forest within the siud county of Lancaster for ever. Saving uonivbtn 
always, nevertheless, all manner of other pleas and plunts pw- 
arising in the said exchequer, or before the aforesaid ju»- 
tices, where we or our heirs shall be, or shall happen to 
be made, parties; and saving always the tenths, fifteenths, scitniot 
and other contributions and subsidies granted and here- ni«ntuT 
afler to be granted to us and our heirs by the commonalty '«•^ 
of our realm, and the tenths and other contributJonB granted 
or hereafter to be granted by the clergy of the same realm, 
or imposed and to be imposed upon the same clergy by the 
apostolic aee; and the pardon of life and limbs in case that ^™"* 
any person of the same county, or other person in the same 
county, ought for any delict to lose his life or limb; and j^^™" 
also the superiority and power of correcting tbose things ^^^^^^' 
which shall have been erroneously done there in the court 
of our same uncle or hia said heirs ; or if our same uncle, « in iMan 
or his said heirs or their ministers, shall fail in doing jus- 
tice in their court And that our same uncle and his said "n* Duk* 
heirs, at the mandates of us and our heirs, shall be held to )»in biKud 
send to the parliaments and councils of us and our heirs ^i™™'™ 
two knights for the commonalty of the shire aforesaid, and ^i^ 
two burgesses from every borough of the same shire, to 
treat with the others of our sud realm coming to Uie par- 
liaments and councils concerning the affairs of the said 
realm in the same parliaments and councils to be declared: 



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70 

Ducis LaDcastrise (exceptie preeezceptis) eodem modo ac 
adeo Ubere et integre aicut idem avunculus noster ea ad 
praeeena habet et tenet, impeTpetuum, aicut prsedictum est. 
Hiis testibus Willielmo Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi totius 
Angliee Primate, Thoma Archiepiacopo Eboracenai Angliffi 
Primate, Roberto Londineusi, Willielmo Wintonensi, Can- 
cellario nostro, Johanne Menevenai, Thesaurano noetro, 
Epiacopia, Edmundo Eborum, Thoma Gloucestiiffi,Duoibua, 
avunculis uostria cariBBimis, Kicardo Aruodelliae, Willielmo 
Sarum, Henrico Northumbrite, Comitibus, Kicardo Le- 
acrop, Johanue Devereux, Senescallo hospitii nostri, et 
aliia. Data per manum noatram apud Westmonasterium, 
sextodecimo die Februarii, anno regni nostri tertiodecimo. 
Per ipaum Regem et concilium suum, ac petitione 
in parliamento. 



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70 

and that our same UDcle and his heirs shall assign certain md lonutgn 
trusty and sufficient men for the like tenths and fifteenths, lutawia 
sub^dies, and other contributioiu, so often as they shall ^,^^, 
happen to he granted to ua or our hfflrs in parliament or 
council ; so that we and our heirs may by the same men 
be answered in respect of such grants. Wherefore we will 
and strictly command that our same uncle and his heirs 
aforesaid shall have and hold all and every the abovesaid 
liberties, franchises, privileges, exchequer, jura regaUa^ 
and other things, together with the said name and honor nuaitf 
of Duke of Lancaster, except as before excepted, in the Lueuur. 
same manner and as freely and entirely as our same uocle 
at present has and holds them, for ever, as \% aforesaid. 
These being witnessea, William Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Primate of all England ; Thomas Archbishop of 
York, Primate of England; Robert Bishop of London; 
William Bishop of Winchester, our Chancellor; John 
Bishop of Sunt David's^ our Treasurer; our most dear 
undee, Edmund Duke of York, and Thomas Duke of 
Gloucester; Richard Earl of Anmdel; William Earl of 
Salisbury; Henry Earl of Northumberland; Richard Le- 
scrope; 3(Aai Devereux, Steward of our household, and 
others. Given under our hand at Westminster, on the 
sixteenth day of February, in the thirteenth year of our 
reign. 

By the King himself and his council, and by petition 
in parliament. 



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De CONFIRMATIONE. 

jlICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Angliae et Francis et 
Dominus Hibeniiai, archiepiscopis, epiacopts, 
J abbatibuB, prioribus, ducibus, comitibus, baro- 
II nibus, justitiariis, Ticecomitibus, preepositia, mi- 
nietris, et omnibus ballivis et fidelibua suia, salutem. In- 
apeximua cartam Domini Edwardi nuper R^is Angliae, 
an noatri, factam in hcec verba: 

EDWARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglis Dominua Hi- 
bemiea et Aquitanise, archiepiacopis, episcopia, abbatibua, 
prioribua, comitibua, baronibua, jiutitiariie, vicecomitibiu, 
prsepositis, ministris, et omnibus ballivis et fidelibus auis 
salutem. Sciatia quod cum nuper conaiderantes qualiter 
comitatua Lancastris, et plura castra, vilbc, maneria, 
terr», et tenementa, cum pertinentiis, tarn in comitatibua 
LincolnisQ et Derbiw quam in diverus aliia comitatibus 
regni noatri, -quee fuenint Henrici nuper Ducis Lan- 
castriffi et Comitia Lincolnie et Derbis post mortem ip- 
sius Ducis, (qusedam, videlicet, ad Johannem Comitem 
Richemondis filium nostrum carisaimum et Blancbiam 
uxorem ejus unam filiarum et hseredum prffidicti Ducis, 
juxta partitionem inter ipsos et Matildem tunc alteram 
filiarum et hseredum ipaius Ducis &ctam per deecensum 
hfereditarium fuerint devoluta, et quffidano eisdem Comiti 
et Blanchiae, juxta ordinationem et conceasionem pnedicti 
Duds dum Tixit, aub certa forma sunt remansura,) ac vo- 
lentes proinde eidem filio nostro, ut ae juxta atatua sui 
nobilitatem decentius manutenere valeat, gratiam (acere 



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Charter of confirmation.* 

wlICHARD, by the grace of Ood, King of Eng- tta jma, 
land and France, and Lord of Ireland, to hia *-n- i9m. 
archbishops, biehope, abbots, priors, dukes, 
earls, barons, justices, aberi^ reeves, minis- 
ters, and all his bailifia and futhful people, greeting. We 
have inspected the charter of the Lord Edward, late King 
of England, our grandfather, made in these words : 

EDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England, Lord inb u.^. 
of Ireland and Aquilaine, to his archbishops, bishops, ab- '»- '>*■- 
bote, priors, earls, barons, justices, sherifis, reeves, minis- 
ters, and all his bailiffi and faithful people, greeting. Know ^„,11^ ot 
ye, that whereas we, lately considering how that the county diuxi inh 
of Lancaster, and many castles, towns, manors, lands, and » bh*' *• 
tenements, with their appurtenances, as well in the coun- 
ties of Lincoln and Derby, as in divers other counties of 
our realm, which were of Henry late Duke of Lancaster 
and Earl of Lincoln and Derby, lately af^r the death of 
the same Duke bad devolved, to wit, some by hereditary 
descent, upon John Earl of Richmond, our most dear son, 
and Blanche hia wife, one of the daughters and co-heirs 
of the aforesaid Duke, according to the partition made 
between them and Matilda, the then other daughter and 
co-heir of the same Duke, and some were to remain, under 
a certain form, to the same Elarl and Blanche, according to 
an ordinance and grant of the aforesaid Duke whilst he 

* The original Charter doca not now esiit in the Mchives of the 
Duchy of Lancaster. 



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spedalem, coDceeBerimus pro nobis et haeredibuB nostris 
praefato Johanni oudc Coraiti Lancaetriee et Richemondiae, 
quod ipse et bseredes sui de corpora buo et corpore prie- 
diet» Blancbise legidme procreati imperpetuum habereDt re- 
toma omnium brevium nostrorum et bsereduro nostrorum, 
et omnia placita de vetito namio in terns et feodis de 
haereditate prsedicti Ducia, quee tunc in manibus ipsorum 
ComitiB et Blanchise estiterunt, et quae imposterum eis 
juxta ordinationem et concessionem prsedictas sunt reman- 
sura cum ad manua 8uas devenerint; et etiam omnee fines 
et amerciamenta omnium hominum et tenentium guonim, 
ubicumque ipsos homines et tenentes in curiis nostris et 
heeredum nostrorum amerciari vel fines focere continge- 
ret, necnon omnia catalla omnium hominum et tenentium 
suorum felonum et fugitivonim et dampnatorum, prout in 
carta nostra inde confecta plenius conUnetur. Ac jam 
omnia terrse et tenementa cum pertinentiis qua: praedicta 
Malildia tenuit in propartem suam prEedictam, de omnibus 
terris et tenementiB prfedictis quie fueruQt preedicti Ducis, 
necnon qusedam alia terrce et tenementa cum pertinentiis in 
comitatibus Norfolcise et Sufiblcise qusB eadem MaUldis 
tenuit de haereditate ipsius Ducib ex done et feoSamento Jo- 
hannis Episcopi Lincoln iensis, Ricardi Comitis Arundelhte, 
Robert! de la Mare, Johannis de Buklond, Johannis Cfaar- 
nels, Walter! Power, Simonis Symeon et Johannis Neu- 
marche, per mortem ejusdem Matildis pnefatis Comiti et 
Blanchiee, ut sorori et haeredi prmdictse Matildis jure 
haereditario deecenderint. Nob volentes prsedictoB Comi- 
tem et Blanchiam farore prosequi gratioso, concessimue 
et hac carta nostra confirmavimus prsefato Comiti quod 
ipse et bseredes sui de corpore buo et corpora prscdictte 
Blancbite legitime procreaU imperpetuum habeant retoma 
omnium brevium nostrorum et haeredum nostrorum, et 



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72 

lived, and being willing, therefore, to shew espetnal favor 
to the Bune our aon, in order that he might the roore de- 
cently matctiun himself according to the nobility of hie 
station, did grant for us and our heirs to the aforesaid John 
now Earl of Lancaster and Richmond, that he and his 
heirs of his body and the body of the aforesaid Blanche, 
lawfully begotten, for ever should have the return of all 
writs of us and our heirs, and all pleas of withernam in the 
lands and fees of the heritage of the aforesaid Duke, which 
then were in the hands of the same Earl and Blanche, and 
which thereafter were to remain to them according to the 
ordinance and grant aforesaid, when they should come into 
their hands ; and also all fines and amercements of all their 
men and tenants wheresoever it should happen that such 
men and tenants should make fine or be amerced in the 
courts of ue and our beirvj and also all the chattels of all 
their men and tenants, being felons and fugitives and per- 
sons condemned, as in our charter thereof made more fully 
is contained. And now all the lands and tenements, with ud dwni 
their appurtenances, which the aforesaid Matilda held as prntoBOB 
her purparty aforesaid of all the lands and tenements afore- [Jf'^"^" 
said which were of the aforesaid Duke, and also certain 
other lands and tenements, with appurtenances, in the 
counties of Norfolk and Sufiblk, which the same Matilda 
held of the inheritance of the same Duke by the gift and 
feoffment of John Bishop of Lincoln, Richard Earl of 
Arundel, Robert de la Mare, John de Buklond, John Cbai^ 
nel% Walter Power, Simon Syroeon, and John Neumarche, 
have by the death of the same Matilda descended by here- 
ditary right to the aforesaid Earl and Blanche, as sister and 
heir of the aforesud Matilda : — We, willing to pursue with 
our gracious favor the aforesaid Earl and Blanche, have 
granted and by this our charter have confirmed to the 



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omnia placita de vetito namio, tarn in terns et feodis quse 
iidem Comes et Blanchia de proparte ipsius Blanchiee 
pnedicta, quom ia tetris et feodis quae fuerunt prsedictn 
Iilatildis et quae ipsi Comes et Blanchia ut soror et bseres 
ejusdem Matildis jam tenent de hsreditate pnedict», et 
etiam in terns et feodis, quae eisdem Comiti et Blancbise 
sunt de eadem haereditate imposterum remansura vel rever- 
sum, cum ad manus suas deveneriut, et etiam omues fines 
et amerciamenta omnium hominum et tenentium suonim 
ubicumque ipeos homines et teuentes iu curils- nostris et 
hseredum nostrorum amerciart vel fines facere coutigerit; 
necnon omnia catalla omnium homiuum et tenentium 
suorum» felonum et fugitivorum et dampnatorum. Quare 
TolumuB et firmiter pnecipimus pro nobis et haeredibus 
uostris quod pnedictus Comes et bsredes sui praedicti 
imperpetuum habeant retoroa omnium brerium nostrorum 
et beeredum nostrorum, et omnia placita de vetito namio 
in terris et feodis suis prtedictiB ; ac omues fines et amer^ 
ciamenta omnium hominum et tenentium suorum prae- 
dictorum, ubicumque ipsos homines et tenentes in curiis 
nostris et haeredum nostrorum amerciari vel fines &cere 
continent; ac etiam omnia catalla omnium hominum et 
tenentium suorum, felonum, fugitivorum, et damdnatorum, 
sicut praedictum est, et eodem modo quo Henricus nuper 
Comes Lancastrite pater preedicti Ducis, vel idem Dux, 
quibus consimites libertates iu terris et feodis suis ha- 
bendas successiTe per cartas nostras cuncessimus, easdem 
libertates habuit et eis rationabiliter uti consuevit Hiis 
testibus S. Archiepiscopo Cantuarienei totiuB Anglise Pri- 
mate, W. Wintoniensi Episcopo Cancellario nostro, S. 
Etiensi Episcopo Thesaurario nostro, Edwardo Principe 
Wallias primogenito nostro carissimo, Ricardo Arundellis, 
Thoma Warwici, et WiUielmo Sarum, Comitibus, et aliis. 



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aforesaid Earl, that he and his heirs of his body and the 
body of the aforewd Blanche, lawfully begotten, for ever 
may have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and Btmn «r 
all pleas of withernam, as well in the lands and fees which pi>ui>r 
the same Earl and Blanche now hold of the aforesud pur- 
party of the same Blanche, as in the lands and fees which 
were of the aforesaid Matilda, and which the same Earl, 
and Blanche as sister and heir of the same Matilda, now 
hold of the inheritance aforesaid, and also in the lands and 
fees of the same inheritance which are hereafter to remain 
or revert to the same Earl and Blanche, when they shall 
come into their hands; and also all fines and amercements pi»ind 
of all their men and tenants wheresoever the same men and tamtt. 
tenants shall happen to make fine or be amerced in the 
courts of us and our heirs ; and also all the chattels of all ^^**'* "* 
their men and tenants, being felons and fugitives and per- 
sons condemned. Wherefore we will and strictly command 
for us and our heirs, that the aforesaid Earl and his heirs 
aforesud for ever shall have the return of all writs of us 
and our heirs, and all pleas of withernam in their lands and 
fees aforesaid; and all fines and amercements of all their 
men and tenants aforesaid, wheresoever the same men and 
tenants shall happen to make fine or be amerced in the 
courts of us and our heirs ; and also all the chattels of iheir 
men and tenants, being felons and fugitives and persons 
condemned, as is aforesaid, and in thp same manner in 
which Henry late Earl of Lancaster, father of the afore- 
sud Duke, or the same Duke, to whom we granted by our 
charters successively to have the hke liberties in their lands 
and fees, had the same liberties and was accustomed reason- 
ably to use them. These being witnesses, Simon Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Primat« of all England; William 
Bishop of Wmchester, our Chancellor; Simon Bishop of 



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74 

Data per manum nostram apud Westmonasterium duo- 
decimo die Mali, anno regni nostri tricesimo sexto. 

UW^^I^^EMI^^ etiam quandam cartam nostram 
factam in baec verba : 

RICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglio) et Franci» et 
Dominus Hibernise, omnibus ad quos prsesentes literse per- 
veneiint, salutem. Inepexlmus quandam cartam carissimi 
Domini et avi nostri Domini Edwardi nuper Regis Anglise 
defuncti, nuper factam carissimo avunculo nostro Johanni 
Re^ Caetellse et Legionis Duci Lancastrise, filio ipsius 
avi nostri, per nomen Johannis Duins Lancastrise, et 
Blanchise nuper uxori ejus in hsec verba: EDWARDUS 
Dei gratia Rex Anglise, DomiuuB Hibemife et Aqmta- 
mx, archiepiecopis, epiBcopis, ducibua, abbatibus, pri- 
oribus, comitibua, baronibus, justitiariia, vicecomitibus, 
praapositis, miniBtris, et omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis, 
salutem. Sciatis quod cum nos nuper septimo die Maii 
anno regni nostri sexto decimo per cartam nostram con- 
cesserimua pro nobis et hasredibus noetris Henrico tunc 
Comiti LancastriEe quod ipse et hseredes sui de corpora suo 
procreati et omnea bomines eui imperpetuum eesent quieti 
de pavagio paesagio paagio lastagio stallagio tallagio cari- 
agio pesagio piccagio et terragio per totum regnum et 
potestatem nostram ; et quod idem Comes et hseredes sui 
prsedieti imperpetuum faaberent retorna omnium brevium 
nostrorum et hieredum nostrorum ac BummonittODum de 
scaccario nostro et hsredum nostrorum, et attachiamen- 
ta tam de placitis coronte quam de aliis quibuscunque in 
omnibus terris et feodie suis; ita quod nullus vicecomes 
vel alius ballivue seu minister noster vel hceredum n(»tro- 
rum terras seu feoda ilia ingrederetur ad esecutiones eorun- 
dem brevium et summonitiooum, eeu ad attachiamenta 
de placitis corouee vel aliis preedictis aut aliquod aliud offi- 



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H 

Elyj our TrenBiurer; Edward Prince of Wales, our most 
dear eldeat son; Richard Earl of Arundel; Thomas Earl 
of Warwick ; and William Earl of Salisbury, and others. 
Given under our hand at Westminster on the twelfth day 
of May, in the thirty-«xtb year of our reign. 

"^Wi have inspected also a certain charter of ours made 
in these words : 

RICHARD, by the grace of God, King of England and isoi aant. 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present let- i»- i»J- 
ters shall come, greeting. We have inspected a certain 
charter of our most dear Lord and grandfather Lord Ed- 
ward, late King of England, deceased, lately made to our 
dearest uncle John King of Castitle and Leon, Duke of Lan- 
caster, son of our same grandfather, by name of John Duke 
of Lancaster, and to Blanche, late his wife, in these words: 
EDWAED, by the grace of God, King of England, Lord mi. fti/, 
of Ireland and Aquitune, to bis archbishops, bishops, *■>- >^- 
dukee, abbots, priors, earls, barons, justices, sheriffs, reeves, 
ministers, and all his biuliK and faithful people, greeting. 
Know ye, that whereas we did lately, on the seventh dar R«iui<>f 
of May, in the sixteentn year of our reign, grant by our ">■ xv' 
charter, for us and our heirs, to Henry then Earl of Lan- e^""^ 
caster, that he and his heirs of his body begotten, and **"*'' 
all his men for ever, should be quit of paviage, passage, 
payage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage, picage, 
and groundage throughout all our realm and dominions; 
and that the same Earl and his heirs aforesaid for ever 
should have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and 
summons of the exchequer of us and our heirs, and the 
attachment as well of pleas of the crown as of other pleas 
whatsoever in all their lands and fees ; so that no sheriff or 
other biuliff or minister of ue or our heirs should enter 
those lands or fees to execute the same writs and summons, 



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75 

dum ibidem faciflndum, aisi in defectum ipeiuB Comitis et 
hiEredum suorum prtedictorum ac balliTorum et miiuetro- 
rum Buorum \a term et feodie suia pnedictis. Et quod 
haberent catalla bominum et tenentium Buomm felonum 
et fugitJTorum ; ita quod si quia bominum vel teneDdum 
euorum pro delicto suo vitam vel membrum deberet amit- 
tere vel fugeret et judJcio stare nollet vel aliud quodcum. 
que delictum faceret pro quo catatta sua deberet perdere, ubU 
cunque justitia de eo fieret, eive in curia nostra vel baere- 
dum noBtrorum sive in alia curia, ipsa catalla essent ipuua 
Comitis et bseredum euonun praedictorum, et quod Uceret 
eis vel ministris suis sine impedimento nostn vel bseredum 
nostrorum vicecomitum aut aliorum ballivorum seu mi- 
nistrorum nostrorum quonimcunque ponere se in seisn- 
nam de catallis praedictis et ea ad ueum ipsius Comitis et 
hsBredum suorum prsedictorum retinere. Et etiam quod 
babereot imperpetuum omnes fines pro transgressionibus 
et aliis delictis quibuscunque et fines pro licentia concor^ 
dandi, et omnia amerciamenta redemptiones et exitua 
forisfactOB ; ac forisfacturas, annum diem vastum et 
streppum, et omnia quas ad nos et bseredea costros per- 
tinere possent de bujusmodi anno die vasto et murdria 
de omnibus hominibus et tenentibus de terris et feodis 
suis quibuscunque in quibuscunque curiis nostris et bsere- 
dum nostrorum homines et tenentes illos, tsm coram nobis 
et beeredibus noatris, et in cancellaria nostra et bseredum 
nostrorum, et coram thesaurario et baronibus nostris et 
bseredum nostrorum de scaccario, et coram justitiariis 
nostris et hserediun nostrorum de banco, et coram sene»- 
callo et marescalUs seu clerico mercati hospitii nostri et 
hsredum nostrorum, ac aliis curiis nostris et haaredum 
nostrorum, quam coram justitiariis itinerantibus ad com- 
muuia placita et ad placita forestse et quibuscunque aliis 



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7« 

or to make attachment of the pleas of the crown or other 
pleas aforesaid, or to do any other oESce there, unless in 
default of the same Earl and his heirs aforesaid, and their 
bailift and ministers in their lands and fees aforesaid. 
And that they should have the (battels of their men and 
tenants being felons and fugitiyes; so that if any one of 
their men or tenants ought to lose life or limb for fais 
offence, or should flee and be unwilling to stand his 
trial, or commit any other offence for the which he 
ought to lose bis chattels, wheresoever justice should 
he had of him, whether in the court of us or our heirs, 
or in any other court, such chattels should belong to the 
same Earl and his heirs aforesaid, and that it should be 
lawful for them or their ministers, without binderance of 
us or our heirs, or of our sheriflls or other bailiff or mi- 
nisters whomsoever, to put themselves in seizin of the 
chattels aforesaid, and to retain them to the use of the 
same Earl and his heirs aforeaiud. And also that they 
should have for ever all fines for trespasses and other 
offences whatsoever, and fines for licence to agree, and 
alt amercements, ransoms, and forfeited issues and for- 
feitures, year, day, waste, and estrepement, and all things 
which could pertain to us and our heirs of the like year, 
day, and wast^ and murders, in respect of all the men and 
tenants of their lands and fees whatsoever, in any soever 
of the courts of us and our heirs, where such men and 
tenants should happen to make fine, or he amerced or 
forfeit issues, or such year, day, and waste, or forfoitures 
and murders happen to be adjudged, as well before us 
and our heirs, and in the chancery of us and our heirs, 
and before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer 
of us and our heirs, and before the justices of the bench 
of us and our heirs, and before the steward and marshals 



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76 

jiistitiariis et miniBtriB nostris et hieredum nostrorum, tarn 
in prnsentia noBtra et hEerediim noBtrorum quam in ab- 
sentia nostra et hieredum nostrorum, fines facere vel 
amerdari, exitus forisfacere, annum diem et vastum seu 
forisfacturae et murdra adjudicari contingeret; quse fines, 
amerciamenta, redemptjones, exitus, annua dies vastum 
sive streppum, forisfacturse et murdra, ad nos vel haare- 
des nostros perUnere possent, si praefato Comiti et hse- 
redibus suis prsedictis concessa non fuisBent Ita quod 
idem Comes et hieredes sui prsedicti, per Be vel per balU- 
vos et ministroB suos, fines, amerciamenta, redemptione^ 
ezituB, et forisfocturas hujusmodi hominum et tenen- 
tium Buorum priedictOTum, et omnia quae ad nos et baere- 
des nostros pertinere possent de anno die et vasto aye 
streppo et murdrie prsedictie, levare percipere et habere 
possent, — sine occa«one vel impedimento nostri aut hsere- 
dum nostrorum, justdtiariorum, escaetorum, vicecomitum, 
coronatorum, aut aliorum balliTonim seu minietrorum nOB- 
tronim quorumcunque. Quam quidem cartam post mor- 
tem prsedicti Comitis HenricuB filiua et heeres ejusdem 
Comitis, cui omnia terne et tenementa quEe ftierunt ipeius 
Comitis jure haereditario descendebant, nobis ex certis 
causis reddidit cancellandam, et ea de causa carta ilia 
cancellatur sicut per inspectionem rotulorum cancellariae 
Qoetrse nobis constat Nos advertentes ea quae Bic in feodo 
talliato prsefato Comiti et haeredibus de corpore buo procre- 
atis per nos concessa fuerunt, et de quibus praedictuB Comes 
virtute concessionis nostrae prsdictte fuit seisitus in domt- 
nico BUO ut de feodo die quo obiit, per redditionem cartae 
preedictae nobis per prsedictum Henricum filium Henrici 
sic factam, aut per quodcunque aliud factum ejusdem Hen- 
rici filii, in prtejudicium et exbaeredationem heeredum suo- 
rum de corpore suo exeuntium, secundum legem et consue- 



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76 

or the clerk of the market of the household of us and 
our heirs, and io other the courts of us and our heirs, 
as befoie the justices in eyre, to bold common pleas and 
pleas of the forest» and before all other justices and mi- 
nieters of us and our heirs whomsoever, as well in pre- 
sence of us and our heirs as in absence of us and our 
heirs ; which fines, amercements, ransoms, issues, year, 
day, waste, or estreperoent, forfeitures, and murders, 
would have pertained to us or our heirs, if they had 
not been granted to the aforestud Earl and his heirs 
aforesaid. So that the same Earl and his heirs afore- 
sud, by themselves or by their bailiffs and ministers, 
might levy, perceive, and have the fines, amercements* 
ransoms, issues, and forfeitures of such their men and 
tenants aforesaid, and all things which could pertun to 
us and our heirs of the year, day, and waste or estrepe- 
ment, and murders aforesaid,— without let or hinderance 
of us or our heirs, or of our justices, escbeators, sheri£^ 
coroners, or other our bailiffi or ministers whomsoever. 
Which said charter, after the death of the aforesaid Earl, anmtna 
Henry, son and heir of the same Earl (to whom all the tbaHoiad 

bdroTUw 

lands and tenements which were of the same Earl did by be- fi»<«- 
reditary right descend), for certain causes surrendered unto 
us to be cancelled, and therefore the charter is cancelled, as 
to us appears by inspection of the rolls of our chancery. 
We, taking into consideration that those things which ti» mrt tn 
had been so granted by us in fee-tail to the aforesaid Earl nMiafioiT 
and tbe heirs of bis body begotten, and whereof the afore- 
said Earl by virtue of our grant aforesaid was seised in 
bis demesne as of fee on the day of his death, could not 
by any surrender of the charter aforesaid to us so made 
by the aforesaid Henry the son of Henry, nor by any 
other act of the same Henry the eon, in prejudice and 



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77 

tudinem regni nostxi adnutlari non posse, sed in suo robore 
pertnanere debere, ac Tolentes ea conaideratioDe carisBimo 
filio noBtro Johanni nunc Duci LaDcastriae qui Blanchiatn, 
filiam et tueredem preedicti Henritu filii Henrici postmodum 
Ducie Lancastrise, duxit in uzorem, et eidem Blaochice, 
qui quidem Johanues et Blancbia omtiia terras et tene- 
meuta, quER fuenint tam preedicti Heurici patria qaasa 
prs&ti Henrici filii jure hasreditario, ut in jure prsedict» 
Blanchise de corpore priedicti Henrici filii Henrici pnv 
creatffi, jam tenent^ gratiam facere apecialem, dictam con- 
ceesionem nostram prsDfeto Henrico Comiti, ut pr^emittituri 
factam, praefatis Johanni nunc Duci Lancastris et Blanchiae 
uxori ejus duximue inuovandam, et coucessiniUB et hac 
carta nostra confinnavimus, pro nobia et haeredibuB noatris, 
eisdem Johanni Dud et Blanchise quud ipsi et h^redes 
8ui de corporibuB ipsorum Johannis et Blanchiae procreati 
et omnes homines sui de terTiB et feodie quee fuerunt 
prsedicti Henrici patria dicto septdmo die Mail imperpetuum 
BiDt quieti de pava^o, passagio, paa^o, lasta^o, stallagio, 
tallagio, cariagio, pesagio, piccagio, et terragio per totom 
regnum et potestatem nostram ; et etiam quod iidem Dux et 
Blancbia et hseredes Bui praedicti imperpetuum habeant 
retoma omnium brevium nostrorum et hseredum nostrorum, 
ac summonitionum de acaccario uostro et hferedum nos- 
trorum, et attacbiamenta tam de pladtis coronee quam de 
aliia quibuscunque in omnibus terris et feodis praedictia; 
ita quod nullus vieecomcB vel alius ballivus aeu minister 
Doster vel haeredum nostrorum terras aeu feoda ilia in- 
grediatur ad execuUones eorundem brevium et sum- 
monitionum, aeu ad attacbiamenta de placitis coronse 
vel aliis preedictis aut aliquod aliud officium ibidem 
fadendum, nisi in defectum ipsorum Ducis et Blanchise 
et baeredum auorum praedictorum ac baUivorum et minis- 



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77 

diBberisOD of his heirs of his body isBuing, be annulled 
according to the law and cuatom of our realm, but ought 
to remain in their full force, and being willing, with that 
consideration, to shew especial favor to our most dear son 
John now Duke of Lancaster (who took to wife Blanche, 
daughter and heir of tbe aforesaid Henry son of Henry, 
afterwards Duke of Lancaster), and to the same Blanche^ 
which same John and Blanche now hold by hereditary 
right, as in right of tbe aforeuud Blanche, begotten of 
the body of the aforesaid Henry son of Heniy, all the 
lands and tenements which were as well of the aforesfud 
Henry tbe father, as of tbe aforesaid Henry the son, have lUKncdin 

, , , . , , . . ftllMllf Johl 

tbougbt Qt to renew our said grant, made as is premised Q"^* «f 
to the aforesaid Earl Henry, unto tbe aforesaid John now Sf J^^ 
Duke of Lancaster and Blanche his wife; and we have hdl'^Hn'^ 
granted, and by this our charter have confirmed, for ue o^i!^ 
and our beirs, to the same Duke J(An and Blanche, that 
they and their heirs of tbe bodies of the same John and 
Blanche begotten, and all their men of the lands and fees 
which were of tbe aforesaid Henry tbe father on the said 
seventh day of May, may be for ever quit of paviage, pas- Acqnittun 
sage, payage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage, 
picage, and groundage throughout all our realm and domi- 
nion ; and also that the same Duke and Blanche, and their 
heirs aforesaid for ever, may have tbe return of all writs of iMm ^ 
us and our heirs, and summons of the exchequer of us and ■°iiii»Bii>r 
our heirs, and the attachment as well of pleas of the crown i""- 
ae of other pleas whatsoever in all tbe lands and fees afore- oriibeu«r 
said ; so that no sheri^ or other bailiff or minister of us 
or our heirs, may enter those lands or fees, to execute 
tbe same writs and summons, or to make attachment of 
the pleas of the crown or other pleas aforesud, or to do 
any other office there, unless in default of the same Duke 



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78 

trorum Buonim in terns et feodis euis preedictis. Et etiam 
quod babeant catalla hominum et tenentium suorum fe- 
lonum et fugitivonim ; ita quod ei qms bominum vel teaeti- 
tium suorum pro delicto buo ntam vel membruin debeat 
amittere vel fugerit et judicio stare noluerit vel aliud 
quodcumque delictum fecerit pro quo catalla sua debeat 
perdere, ubicunque justitia de eo fieri debeat sive in 
curia nostra vel hiereduiD nostronun »ve in alia curia, 
ipsa catalla sint ipsorum Ducis et Blancbiae et basredum 
suorum prsedictorum, et quod liceat eis seu miniBtns suis 
sine impedimento noBtri vel bffiredum nostrorum vicecomi- 
tum aut alionim balliTorum seu ministrorum nostrorum quo- 
nimvunque pouere Be in seisinam de catallis praedictis et ea 
ad usum ipsorum Ducis et Blancbise et hferedum suorum 
prsedictorum retinere. Et etiam quod babeant imperpe- 
tuum omnes fines pro trauagressionibus et aliis delictia qui- 
buBcunque et etiam fines pro licenlia concordandi, ac omnia 
amerciamenta redemptiones et exitug forisfactos, ac foris- 
facturas, annum diem et vastum et streppum, et omnia qura 
ad noB et heeredes nostroB perdDere poterunt de hujusmodi 
anno die et vasto et murdris de omnibuB bominibus et te- 
nentibus de dictis terns et feodis quae fuerunt dicti Hen- 
rici patris dicto septimo die Maii, in quibuscunque curiia 
Dostris et bseredum nostrorum homines et tenentes illos, 
tam coram nobis et hseredibus noatris, et in cancellaria 
nostra et hseredum nostrorum, ac coram tbesaurarie et 
barouibus nostris et heeredum noBtrorum de scaccario, et 
coram justitiariiB nostris et hferedum nostrorum de banco, 
ac coram senescallo et marescallis seu clerico mercaU 
hospitii nostri et bsredum nostrorum, qui pro tempore 
fueriot, et alib curiis nostris et hseredum noBtrorum, 
quam coram justitiariis itinerantibuB ad communia pla- 
cita et ad pladta forestee et quibuBCunque aliis jus- 



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78 

aod Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid, and their bailifla 
and miaistera in their lands and fees aforesaid. And also ^J^"^" 
that they may have the chattels of their men and tenants 
being felons and fugitives; so that if any one of their 
men or tenants ought to lose life or limb for his offence, 
or should flee and be unwilling to stand his trial, or 
commit any other offence for the which he ought to 
lose his chattels, wheresoever justice should be had of 
him, whether in the court of us or our heirs, or in any 
other court, such chattels shall belong to the same Duke 
and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid. And that it shall 
be lawful for them or their ministers, without hinderance 
of us or our heirs, or of our sheri^ or other bailift or 
ministers whomsoever, to put themselves in seizin of the 
chattels aforesaid, and retain them to the use of the same 
Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid. And also FUtMud 
that they may have for ever all fines for trespasses and ".^Jj"- 
other offences whatsoever, and also the fines for licence ^•"o"'- 
to agree, and all amercements, ransoms, and forfeited 
issues and forfeitures, year, day, and waste, and estrepe- 
ment, and all things which can pertain to us and our 
heirs, of the like year, day, and waste, and murders, in 
respect of all the men and tenants of the said lands and 
fees, which were of the said Henry the father on the 
said seventh day of May, in any soever of the courts of 
UB and our heirs, where such men and tenants shall 
happen to make fine, or be amerced, or forfeit issues, 
or such year, day, and waste, or forfeitures and murders, 
happen to be adjudged, as well before us and our heirs, 
and in the chancery of us and our heirs, and before the 
treasurer and barons of the exchequer of us and our heirs, 
and before the justices of the bench of us and our heirs, and 
before the steward and marshals, or the clerk of the market 



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79 

titiariis et miniBtrie noBtris et heeredum noBtrorum, 
tam in prsBsentia nostra et haeredum noBtrorum quam 
in absentia nostra et b£erediun noatrorum, fines facere vel 
amerciari, exitus forisfaeere, annum diem et vastum aeu 
foriefacturas et murdra adjudicari contigerit; qvue fines, 
ameiciamenta, redemptiones, exitua, annua dies vastum 
uve streppum, forie&cturffi et murdra, ad nos vel hseredea 
nostroa possent pertinere, si prce&tis Duci et Blanchise et 
hseredibus auis priedicds concessa non fuiasent. Ita quod 
iidem Dux et Blanchia et haeredes sui prsedicd, per ae vel 
per ballivoa et miniatroa suoa, finea, amerciamenta, redemp- 
tionea, exitua, et foria£acturas hujuamodi hominum et 
tenentjum suorum preedictonim, et omnia quae ad nos et 
hseredes nostros pertinere poterunt de anno die et vasto atve 
streppo et murdris prsedictis, lerare percipere et habere 
poasint, — sine occasione vel impedimento nostri vel htere- 
dum noEtrorum, juBtitiariorum, escaetorum, vicecomitum, 
coronatorum, aut aliorum b^llivorum aeu ministrorum nos- 
trorum quorumcunque. Quare volumus et firmiter pr«e- 
dpimus pro nobis et beeredibua nostris quod prsefati Dux 
et Blaucbia et hseredea aui prsedicti imperpetuum habeant 
omnes libertatea praedictas sieut praedictum est, et eis et 
earum qualibet decietero plene gaudeant et utantur, reddi- 
tione seu cancellatione cartse praedictee non obstante. Ita 
quod ai prsedicti Dux et Blancbia aine haerede de cof~ 
poribua sub exeunt« obierint, tunc omnea et singuls 
libertatea priedictse, poat mortem ipsorum Ducis et 
Bluichi^e ad nos et baeredes noatroa integre rever- 
tantur. Hiis testibus, venerabilibus patribus, Simone 
Elienai Cancellario, Johanne Batbonienai et Wellenai Tbe- 
saurario, nostris, Epiacopia, Leonello Duce Clarenciae filio 
nostro carissimo, Humfrido de Bobun Herefordiee, Ricardo 
Arundelliae, Comitibue, Edwardo le Despeneer Domino de 



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79 

of ttie household of us and our heirs for the time being, 
and in other the courts of us and our heirs, as before 
the jueticea in e3rre, to hold common pleas and pleas of 
the forest, and heforo all other justices and ministers of 
us and our heirs whomsoever, as well in presence of us 
and our heirs as in absence of us and our heirs; which 
fines, amercements, ransoms, iesues, year, day, waste, or 
estrepement^ forfeitures, and murders, would pertain U) 
us or our heira, if they had not been granted to the 
aforesaid Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid. 
Sojhat the same Duke and Blanche, and their heirs afore- 
said, by themselves or by their bailiffs and ministers, may 
levy, perceive, and have the fines, amercements, ransoms, 
issues, and forfeitures of such their men and tenants afore- 
said, and all things which can pertun to us and our heirs 
of the year, day, and waste, or estrepement and murders 
aforesaid, — vrithout let or hinderance of us or our heirs, or 
of our justices, escheators, sherifis, coroners, or other our 
buliffs or ministers whomsoever. Wherefore we will and 
strictly command for us and our heirs, that the aforesaid 
Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid, shall have 
all the libertiea aforesaid for ever, as is aforesaid, and 
shall henceforth fully enjoy and use them and every of 
them, notwithstanding the surrender or cancelling of the 
charter aforesaid. So that if the aforesaid Duke and 
Blanche shall (tie without heir of their bodies issuing 
then all and every the liberties aforesaid, after the death 
of the same Duke and Blanche, shall entirely revert to 
us and our heirs. These being witnesses, the venerable 
fathers, Simon Bishop of Ely, our Chancellor; John 
Bishop of Bath and Wells, our Treasurer ; our most dear 
son Lionel Duke of Clarence ; Humphrey de Bohun, Earl 
of Hereford; Richard Earl of Arundel; Edward le De- 



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80 

Olamorgan et Morgannowe, Guidone de Bryan, Johaone 
atte Lee Senescsllo hospitu noetri, et aliis. Data per 
manum Dostram apud Westmonasterium quartodecimo die 
Julii, anno regni noetri tricesimo octavo. NOS autem 
cartam aupradictam ac omaes donationes coacessiones et 
omnia alia in eadem contenta pro nobis et hseredibus nos- 
trie tenore preeeeotium r&tificamus et confinoamus, justa 
tenorem et effectum cartse eupradictffi. In cujus rei tes- 
timonium has literas nostras fieri fecimus patentes. Teste 
me ipeo apud Westmonasterium quintodecimo die Septem~ 
brie anno regni nostri prima 

EM^IFI^^HMIUJ^ insuper quandam aliam cartam 
DOStram factam in baec verba : 

RICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Angliee et FranciGe et Do- 
minus Hibemifie omnibus ad quos prsesentes liters perve- 
nerint salutem. Inspeumua quandam cartam indentatam 
nuper factam inter carissimum dominum et avum nostrum 
Dominum Edwardum Regem AogHee defunctum et caris- 
simum Slium suum Johannem Regem Castelbe et Le- 
gionis Ducem Lancastrise, avunculum nostrum, et sub 
magno sigillo praedicti avi nostri sigtllatam, in haec verba; 
HMC carta indentata facta iuter magnificum principem 
Dominum Edwardum Regem Angliie et Franciae et caris- 
mmum filium suum Jobannem Regem Caetellee et Le^onis 
et Ducem Lancastrise illustrem testatur quod cum idem 
Dominus Rex Anglise prsfatum Jobannem nunc Regem 
Castellse in Comitem Richemondiaa prcefecerit, et comito- 
tum Ricbemondiae ac honorem caetra maneria terras tene- 
menta et omnia aUa loca ad dictum comitatum perdnentia 
quie Jobannes nuper Dux Britanniie et Comes loci praedicti 
babuit ibidem, praefato Jobanm Regi Caetellae per nomen 
Comitis Richemondise, babenda et tenenda sibi et faeere- 
dibus de corpore buo exeuutibus dederit et conceseerit 



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spenaer. Lord of Glamorgan and Morgannowe; Guy da 
Brian ; John atte Lee, Steward of our household, and 
others. Given under our band at Westminster, on the 
fourteenth day of July, in the thirty-eighth year of our 
reign. AND we the charter abovesaid, and all the dona- 
tions, grants, and all other things therein contained, do for 
us and our heira, by the tenor of these presents, radfy and 
confirm according to the tenor and effect of the charter 
aboTesaid. In witness whereof we have caused these our 
letters to be made patent Witness ourself at Westminster, 
on the fifteenth day of September, tn the first year of our 
reign. 

^^IS have inspected, moreover, a certain other charter 
of ours made in these words : 

RICHARD, by the grace of God, King of England and mhSM. 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present a.d. iirr. 
letters shall come, greeting. We have inspected a certain 
Charter indented, lately made between our most dear Lord 
and grandfather, Lord Edward late King of England, de- 
ceased, and his most dear son John King of Castille and 
Leon, Duke of Lancaster, our uncle, and sealed under the 
great seal of our aforesaid grandfather, in these words: 
THIS Charter indented, made between the high and ^*^'"*' 
mighty prince, Lord Edward King of England and France, *"' '^"■ 
and bis most dear son John, the illustrious King of Cas- 
tille and Leon and Duke of Lancaster, witnesseth, that, 
whereas the same Lord the King of England did advance x*utm 
the aforesaid John, now King of Castille, to be Earl of DniuorLu- 
Ricbmond, and by his charter did give and grant unto the j^jllf^i^ 
aforesud John King of Castille, by the name of Earl of ^a^' 
Richmond, the earldom of Richmond, and the honor, cas- 
ties, manors, lands, tenements, and all other places to the 
Bud earldom pertaining, which John late Duke of Brit- 



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per cartam eviam, prout in carta piEedicta plane liquet: 
Jamque dictus JobaoDea Rex Castellse, cum preelatie pro- 
ceribua comitibus magnatibus nobilibus et sapientibus de 
con<»lio tegio exiateutibus prsehabitiB super hoc diversiB 
tractatibue, perpendena et advertens quod si comitatus 
honor castra maneria terre tenements et loca priedicta 
in ae et solium regium, a quo prius exiverant, tranafe- 
rentur, in ipsius Regia Angliee et totius regni Anglise 
commodum tenderet, quietem pariter et bonorem. Et 
propterea dictus Jobannea Rex CastelUe, sicut gratus 
filius, patris sui beneplacita, bonorem et commodum regni 
Anglise, suis propriia utilitatibus anteponene, pura et 
spontanea voluntate sua, cauaia et occasionibus antedictis, 
Bpetnaliter acquievit et eonceaait quod comitatus honor 
castra maneria terrse tenementa et loca praadicta, necnon 
feoda militum ad eadem comitatum bonorem castta ma- 
neria terras tenementa et loca prsedicta pertinentia, et 
similiter advocationes eisdem spectantes aimul cum mem- 
bris hamelettas pratia pascuis pasturis piscariis moris maris- 
ds turbariis cbaciis parcis bosds warennis bundredis wapen- 
tachiis feriis mercatis Ubertalibns liberia consuetudinibus 
escaetis et omnibus aliis ad prsedicta comitatum bonorem 
castra maneria terras tenementa et loca priedicta qualiter- 
cumque et ubicumque spectantibus sire pertinentibus, prse- 
fato patri Buo traderentur ; unde prsedictus Dominus Rex 
Angliae gratitudinem prmdictam multis attoUens laudibus, et 
Tolens pToinde prtefoto Johanni Regi Castell^e, et in status 
8ui supportationem majorem, retributionem sibi facere com- 
petentem, castrum manerium et honorem de Tickbull, cas- 
trum et manerium de Alto Pecco, cum feodia militum eisdem 
castris maneriis et honori perUnentibuB sive spectantibus, et 
omnia feoda quae dictus Dominus Rex Angliee habuit ex 
dono et concessione Roberti de Lisle militiB (feodia quae in 



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81 

tany and Earl of the aforesaid place had there, to have 
and hold to him and the heirs of his body issuing, aa in 
the charter aforesaid plainly doth appear : And now the 
sud John King of Castille, divers treaties hereupon being 
bad with the prelates, peers, earla, grandees, nobles, and 
sages of the royal council, well weighing and consider- 
ing, that, if the earldom, honor, castles, manors, lands, 
tenements, and places aforesaid were to be transferred 
to him and the royal throne, whence they had first 
issued, it would tend not less to the advantage of the 
said King of England, and the whole realm of England, 
than to the quiet and honor of the same. And for that 
the said John King of Castille, like a grateful son, pr^ 
ferring his father's pleasure, and the honor and con- 
venience of the kingdom of England, to his own private 
advantage, of his own pure will and free accord, for the 
causes and reasons aforesaid, batli especially acquiesced 
and granted that the earldom, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, and places aforesaid, and also the 
knights' fees pertaining to the same earldom, honor, 
castles, manors, lands, tenements, and places aforesaid, 
and in like manner the advowsons belonging to the same, 
together with the members, hamlets, meadows^ feedings, 
pastures, fisheries, moors, marshes, turbaries, chases, parks, 
woods, warrens, hundreds, wapentakes, fairs, markets, li- 
berties, firee customs, escheats, and all other things to the 
aforesaid earldom, honor, castles, manors, lands, tenements, 
and places aforesaid howsoever and wheresoever belong 
ing or pertaining, shall be given up to bis aforesaid father ; 
whereupon the aforesaid Lord the King of England, ex- 
tolling with many praises the gratitude aforesaid, and 
being willing therefore to make competent retribution 
to him the aforesaid John King of Castille, and fra- the 



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maiiu ipsius DoDi'mi Regie Angliffi sunt extincta dum- 
taxat exceptis) aecaon advocationes ecclesiarum de Steyit- 
drop et BrauDspatb in episcopatu Dunolmensi, et libera- 
rum capelUrum de TickbuU et de Alto Pecco, ac ecclesise 
de Marafeld, liberse capell» ibidem, liberse capell» infra 
castrum de Pevenese, prioratue de Wilmingdon, qui eat 
cella abbatie Sanctro Mariae de Oreeton in Normanaia, 
et prioratua de Withtham, qiu eat cella abbatin Sancti 
Martini de Meremeat Turon', et domus Sancti Robert! 
de Knareaburgb ; castrum manerium et honorem de Knarea- 
burgb cum pertineDtiia, et hundredum sive wapeDtachium 
de Stayuclif, cum pertinentiia in comitatu Eboraci) ma- 
neria de Grynglay et Whetelay, cum pertinentiia in co- 
mitatu Notinghamise, maneria de Wyghton, Aileaham, Fi^ 
kenhamdam, et Sneteebam ; necnon bundreda de North- 
grenehowe, .Nortberpingham, Sutherpingbam, et Smetbe- 
don, cum pertinentiia in comitatibua Norfolcis et Sufiblcis, 
maneria de Glatton et Hofan, cum pertinentiia in comitatu 
Huntingdoniae, manerium de Sabam, cum pertinentiia in 
comitatu Cantabiigife, caatnim et leucatam de Pevenese 
ac maneria de Wilyndon et Marsfeld, necnon ballivam de 
Endelenewyk, cum pertinentiia in comitatu Suaaexise, et 
liberam cbaciam de Alto Pecco, quam dictue DominuB 
Rex Anglise tenuit in manu sua ut foreatam, tenendam ut 
liberam cbadam, ac liberam cbaciam de Assfaedon, cum 
juribua et libertatibus liberie chadia pertinentibue ; et 
annuam firmam ducentarum marcarum quam abbaa et 
conventUB beatae Marise Eborum eidem Domino Regi 
AngliiB et hKredibus Buis pro manerio de Wbite^ft sol- 
vere tenentur, perciplendam per manua dictorum abbatig 
et oonventuB et succesaorum suorum, dedit et concesait 
pro se et heredibus euis preefato Johanni Regi Caatells, 
babenda sibi et bseredibua de corpore auo exeuntibus una 



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i 



better support of his etatioD, hath given and granted 
for himself and hie heirs UDto the aforesaid Joha Kiog 
of Caetille the castle, manor, and honor of Hckhill, the 
castle and manor of the High Peak, with the knights' 
fees to the same caatlee, manors, and honor pertaining 
or belonging, and all the fees which the said Lord the 
King of England had by the gift and grant of Sir Robert 
de Lisle, knight, (excepting only those fees which are 
extinct in the hands of the said Lord the King of Eng- 
land,) and also the advowsons of the churches of Stain- 
drop and Brancepeth in the bishopric of Durham, and 
of the iree chapels of Tickhill and High Peak, and of 
the church of MaresGeld and free chapel there, of the 
free chapel within Pevensey castle, of the priory of WiU 
mingdon, which is a cell of the abbey of St. Mary-de 
GrestoQ in Normandy, and of the priory of Withiham, 
which is a cell of the abbey of SL Martin de Meremest 
in Tourain, and of the house of St. Robert of Knares- 
boro*; — the castle, manor, and honor of Knaresboro', with 
appurtenances; and the hundred or wapentake of Stcun- 
cliff, with appurtenances, in the county of York ; — the 
manors of Gringley and Wheatley, with appurtenancec^ in 
the county of Nottingham; — the manors of Wighton, Ayls- 
ham, Fakenham, and Snettisham, and also the hundreds of 
North Greenhoe, North Erpingham, South Erpingbam, and 
Smithdon, with appurtenances, in the counties of Norfolk 
and Suffolk; — the manors of Glatton and Holm, with ap> 
purtenances, in the county of Huntingdon; — the manor of 
Soham, with appurtenances, in the county of Cambridge; 
— the castle and Uvcata of Pevensey, and the manors of 
Willingdon and Maresfield, and also the bailiwick of En- 
delenewick, with appurtenances, in the county of Sussex; 
~and the free chase of the High Peak, which the said 



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cum membria hamelettis pratie paecuis pasturiB piscariia 
moris mariads turbariis cbaciis parcis boscis warennis 
hundred is wapentacbiis feriis mercada libertatibuB li- 
beris couBuetudiDibus escaetie et omnibus aliU ad prie- 
dicta castra maaeria bonores buodreda leucatam balliram 
et chatuas qualitercuuqua et ubicunque spectantibus eive 
pertinentibus de prsefato Domino Rege Angliae et haere- 
dibuB suis per eervitia inde debits et consueta imper- 
petuum in escambium pro dictia comitatu Richemoodis 
honore castris maneriis terris tenementis locis feodis et ad- 
vocationibuB preedictis» qus idem Johannes Rex Castellra 
per banc cartam indentatam dedit conceasit et sureum red- 
didit eidem Domino Regi Anglise et b^eredibua suis im- 
perpetuum in escambium pro caetris maneriia honoribus 
bundredifi leucat» ballira chadis finna feodis et advo- 
cadonibuB prsedictiB, aibi per ipaum Dominum Rf^em 
Aoglise^ ut preedicitur, datia et concesaie, auh ea qura 
sequitUT conditione, quod bi hseredes diet! Johannis Regis 
CastelUe recuperaverint per judicium inde rite redditum, 
comitatiun Richemondiae, hoDorem castra maaeria terras 
tenementa loca feoda et advocationes preedicta aut ali- 
quam parcellam eonindem, rirtute doni taUis supradicti, 
et passesBioaem inde habuerint, recuperadonem illam bS&t- 
mando, liceat eidem Domino Regi Anglias et hseredibus auis 
castra maneria bonorea hundreds leucatam bailivam cbacias 
firtnam feoda et advocationes prsedicta, prsafato Jobanni 
Regi CaetellGB sic in escambium pnedictum data et cod- 
cesaa, reiotrare et tenere imperpetuum. Et si contio- 
gat praedicta castra maneria bonorea buodreda leucsr 
tarn hallivam chaciae firmam feoda et advocationea aut 
aJiquam parcellam eorumdem prsefato Jobanni Regi Cas- 
tellsB in escambium preadictum sic data et concesaa ab 
eodem Johanne Kege Castells seu hnredibus suis priedic^ 



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Lord the King of England held in his hands as a forest 
to bold as a free cha§e; — and the free chase of Ashdown, 
with the rights and liberties to free chases pertaining;— 
and the yearly farm of 200 marks which the abbot and 
convent of St. Mary's at York are held to pay to the 
same Lord the King of England and his heira for the 
manor of Whitegiit, to be perceived by the hands of the 
said abbot and convent, and their succesBora : — To hare 
to him and the heirs of his body issuing, together with the 
members, hamlets, meadows, feedings, pastures, fisheries, 
moors, marshes, turbaries, chases, parks, woods, warrens^ 
hundreds, wapentake!^ fairs, markets, liberties, free cus. 
toms, escheats, and all other things to the aforesaid castles, 
manon^ honors, hundreds, Uucaia, bailiwick, and chases 
howsoever and wheresoever belonging or pertaining, of 
the aforesaid Lord the King of England and his beirSf 
by the services therefore due and accustomed for ever, in 
exchange for the said earldom of Richmond, and the honor, 
castles, manors, lands, tenements, places, fees and advow. 
sons aforesaid, which the same John King of Castille by 
this charter indented hath given, granted, and surrendered 
to the same Lord the King of England and his heirs for 
ever in exchange for the castles, manors, honors, hundreds, 
leucata, bailiwick, chases, fiirm, fees, and advowsons afore- 
said, given and granted to him by the same Lord the King 
of England as is aforesaid, — under the condition hereafter 
following, — that if the heirs of the stud John King of 
Castille shall recover by judgment thereupon rightfully 
g^ven the earldom of Richmond, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid, or 
any parcel thereof, by virtue of the aforesaid gift in tail, 
and thereof have poBsession, affirming that recovery, it may 
be lawful for the same Lord the King of England and his 



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84 

tis recuperari, <lictuB DominuB Rex Anglin et haeredes biu 
debitam recompensationem prsafato JohaDci Re^ CaatelUe 
et hseredibue euU prsedictis, de - valore, sine difficultate 
qualibet facere teneantur. Dumtsmen idem JohaimeB Rex 
CastellsB et lueredeB Bui preedicti a dicto Domioo Rege 
Aogliae aut haeredibus suis auzilium petant, et debitam 
diligentiam apponant circa ealvationem de eo quod versus 
eos peti contingat. Et etiam si comitatum Ricbemondise 
hoQorem castra maneria terras teuementa loca feoda et 
advpcationes prwdicta aut aliquam parcellam eorumdem 
extra manuB dicti Domini Regis Angliee seu heeredum 
suorum in feodo simplict aut talliato poni contingat, et 
impoBtenim ad manus ejusdem Domtai Regis Anglis vel 
hceredum euorum, ex justa causa, in feodo devenerint, 
tam idem Dominua Rex Anglise et hsBredes sui castra 
maneria hoDores hundreda leucatam ballivam chadaa fir- 
mam feoda et advocationes prsedicta priefato Jobanni Regi 
Castellse et bxredibus de corpore suo exeuntibus sic 
data et concesBa, quam preefatue JohanneB Rex Castelle 
et heeredes sui pnedicti dictum comitatum Ricbemondise 
ac honorem castra maneria terras teuementa loca feoda 
et advocationes prsedicta dicto Domino Regi Anglise et 
heeredibus suis in escambium preedictum ut prsemittitur 
data et concessa, pro integro seu pro rata rehabeant hine 
et inde, et restitutio exinde fiat, tenenda prout prius. Et 
idem Dominus Rex Angliae et haeredes sui castra maneria 
honores hundreda leucatam ballivam chadas firmam feoda 
et advocationes praedicta, prsehto Jobanni Regi Castell» 
et baeredibus de corpore suo exeuntibus per ipsum Do- 
minum Regem Angliffi data et conceBBa, prsefato Johanni 
Re{^ Castellse et heeredibus suis prsedictis warantizabunt et 
imperpetuum defendent, juxta vim et efiectum escambii 
et conditionum preedictorum. Et Bimiliter idem Johannes 



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84 

heirs to re-enter and hold for ever the castlea, manore, 
honors, hundreds, leueata, hailiwiek, chases, fenn, fees, and 
adTowaons aforesaid so given and granted to the aforesaid 
John King of CastiDe in exchange as aforesfud. And if 
it happen that the aforesud castles, manors, honors, hun- 
dreds, Uueata, buUwick, chases, farm, fees and advowsona, 
or any parcel thereof, so given and granted to the aforesaid 
John King of Castillo in exchange as aforesaid, be re- 
covered from the same John King of Castille or his heirs 
aforescud, the sud Lord the King of England and his heirs 
shall be held to make due compensation of the value to 
the aforesaid John King of Castille and hb heirs aforesaid 
without any difficulty. So however, that the same John 
King of Castille and his heirs aforesaid pray aid of the 
said Lord the King of England oi his heirs, and apply 
due diligence about the salvation of that which may 
happen to he sued against them. And also if it happen 
that the earldom of Kichmond, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid, 
or any parcel thereof, he put out of the hands of the 
said Lord the King of England or his heirs in fee 
simple or tail, and thereafter shall come by just cause 
into the hands of the same Lord the King of England 
or his heirs in fee, as well the same Lord the King of 
England and his heirs, the castles, manors, honors, bun- 
dreds, leueata, bailiwick, chases, farm, fees, and advowsons 
aforesaid so given and granted to the aforesaid John 
King of Castille and the heirs of his body issuing, as the 
aforesud John King of Castille and his heirs aforesaid, the 
said earldom of Richmond, and the honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid 
given and granted to the said Lord the King of England 
and his heirs in exchange aforesaid, as is premised, may 



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85 

Rex Castellie et bseredes sui prsedictum comitatum ^jcbe- 
moadiee, simul cum bonore castris maDeriis tenis tenemeu- 
tJs locis feodis et advocatioiiibus praediclis, prasdicto Do- 
mino Regt Anglie et basredibus suis contra omnefl wgran- 
tizabunt et imperpetuum defenden^ juxta vim et efiTectum 
escambii et conditionum prsedictormn. Id cujus rei tes- 
Umonium praedict» cartse indentatte tarn sig^llum dicti Do- 
mini Regis Anglise quam ugillum dicti JobanniB Regis Cas- 
tell» altematini sunt appensa. Hiis testibus, venerabilibus 
patiibus Willielmo Arcbiepiscopo Cantuariensi totiuB Ad- 
gliffi Primate, Simone Londinensi et Willielmo Wintoniensi, 
Epiacopis, Edmundo filio dicti Regis Angliie carissimo 
Cantabrigiae, Ricardo Arundellise, Humfrido de Bobim He- 
refordiffi et Willielmo de Monte Acuto Sarum, ComiBbua, 
Henrico de Percy, Roberto de Tborp Caocellario, Ricardo 
de Scrop Tbesaurario, Willielmo Latymer Camerario, Jo- 
hanne de Neville Senescallo boapitii prsedicti Domini Regis 
Anglite, Johuine Knyvet, Willielmo de Fyncbedeoe, Jo- 
batme Moubray, Tboma de Ingelby, Willielmo de Wy- 
cbyngbam, Rogero de Meres et Johanne de Cavendiash, 
ejusdem Domini Regis Angliae juBtitJariia, et aliis. Data 
apud Westmonaaterium vicesimo quinto die Junii, anno 
regni dicti Domini Regis Angliae, Anglice quadragesimo 
sexto, regni vero sui Francice tricesimo tertio. INSPEXI- 
MUS etiam quandam aliam cartam praefati avi nostri 
nuper factam prsedicto avunculo nostro in haec verba: 
EDWARDUS, Dei gratia Rex Anglise et Frandte, et 
Dominua HibernisB, arcbiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, 
prioribuS) ducibuB, comitibus, baronibus, miliribus, justiti- 
ariis, vicecomitibua, prGepoaiUa, ballivie, minietris, et aliis 
fidelibus auis, salutem. Sciatis quod cum nuper per cartam 
noBtram indentatam dederimus et concesserimus pro nobis 
et baeredibus nostris quantum in nobis fuit cariseimo filio 



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65 

hare back on either side entirely or proportionately, 
and restitution thereupon be made, to hold as before. 
And the same Lord the King of England and his heirs, 
the castles, manors, honors, hundreds, leucata, buliwick, 
chases, brm, fees and advowsons aforesaid given and 
granted by the same Lord the King of England to the 
aforesaid John King of Castille and the heira of his body 
issuing, will warrant and for ever defend to the aforesud 
John King of Castille and bis heirs aforesud, according 
to the force and eflect of the exchange and conditions 
aforesaid. And in like manner the same John King (A 
Castille and his heirS) the aforesud earldom ai Richmond, 
together with the honor, casties, manors, lands, tenementi^ 
places, fees, and adTowsons aforesud, against all men will 
warrant and for ever defend to the aforesud Lord the 
King of England and his heirs, according to the force 
and effect of the exchange and conditions aforesaid. In 
witness whereof ae well the seal of the said Lord the 
King of England, as the seal of the said John King of 
Castille, alternately are set to the aforesaid charter in- 
dented. These being witnesses, the venerable fathers, 
William Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all Eng- 
land; Simon Bishop of London, and William Bishop of 
Winchester; Edmund Earl of Cambridge, the most dear 
son of the sud King of England ; Richard E^l of Arundel ; 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and William de 
Montacute, Earl of Salisbury; Henry de Percy; Robert 
de Thorp, Chancellor; Richard de Scroope, Treasurer; 
William Latymer, CSiamberlain ; John de Neville, Steward 
of the household of the aforesaid Lord tfae King of Eng- 
land ; John Knyvet, William de Fyncbedene, John Mou- 
bray, Thomas de Ingelby, William de Wychyngham, Roger 
de Meres, and John de Cavendissfa, Justices of the same 



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noBtro Johanni Regi Castellse et Legionis, Duci Lancastriae, 
castrum manerium et hoaorem de Tlckhull, ac alia terras 
et ten«neiita in dicta carta nostra specificata cum perti- 
nentiis ; habenda sibi et bsredibus de corpore suo exeun- 
tibua in escambium pro comitatu Richemondiie, ac honore 
caetris maneriis tenis tenementis et omnibus aliis locis ad 
dictum comitatum perdnentibus nobis et haeredibus nostris 
per preefatum filium nostrum datis coDcessis et sursum reddi- 
tis, prout in carta nostra priedicta plenius contJnetur,* ac jam 
preefatus filius ooster nobis eupplicaverit ut cum villa de 
Grenetede quae ut parcella manerii de Marsfeld, villa de 
Seford quee ut parcella castri et leucatfe de Peveaaey, 
et villa de Laghton in Mortbyng quae ut parcella castii 
et bonoris de Tickbull, sibi in certum valorem in eecam- 
bium praedictum (nulla speciali mentione facta de villie ilUs 
in dicta carta nostra) liberata fuerunt, tria grossa per se 
Beparadm et non pertinentia ad nunerium de Marsfeld 
eastnun et leucatam de Pevensey et castrum et honorem 
de Tickbull praedicta exietant, nee aliquo tempore fuerint, 
sicut jam sibi datur iutelligi, velimus ne ipse aut bie- 
redes sui prEedicti super occupatioue dictarum villarum 
<le Orenstede, Seford, et Lagbton, ob defectum specialis 
nominationis earumdem in concessione nostra prsdicta 
impetantur infuturum, dictaa villas de Grenstede, Se- 
ford, et Laghton, nominatim sibi concedere, babendas et 
teneadas una cum dictis castro manerio et honore de 
Tickbull, ac aliis tenis et tenementis sibi in dictum es- 
cambium datis, et etiam cum libertatibus quietantiis et 
immunitatibuB quae Philippa nuper Regina Anglias, tunc 
censors nostra, quie dicta castrum manerium et honorem 
de HckhuU et alia terras et tenementa, eidem filio nostro 
per DOS Bic data, teuuit, in vita sua babuit ex concessione 
nostra in eisdem, in recompensationem libertatum quietan- 



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Lord tbe King of England, and others. Oiven at West- 
minster on the twenty-fifth day of June, in the forty-sixth 
year of the reign of the said Lord the King of England, 
and tbe thirty-third of his reign of France. WE have in- 
spected also a certain other Charter of our aforesaid grand- 
fother lately made to our aforesud uncle, in these vords: 
EDWARD, hy the grace of God, King of England and itb jd», 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to his archbishops, bbhops, '»■»"■ 
abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, knights, justices, she- 
rifls, recTes, baili^ ministers, and other his faithful people, 
greeting. Know ye, that whereas we did lately by our char- bhIui umt 
ter indented give and grant for us and our heirs, as Car as ^"« '•■^ 
did in us lie, to our most dear son John King of CasUUe and ""^^^ 
Leon and Duke of XAncaster the castle manor and honor of ^^f*' 
Tickhill and other lands and tenements in our said charter 
specified, with appurtenances, to have to him and the heirs of 
his body issuing, in exchange for tbe earldom of Richmond 
and tbe honor castles manors lands tenements and all 
other places to tbe sud earldom pertMning, given granted 
and surrendered to us and our heirs by our aforesaid son, 
as in our charter aforesaid more fully is contained ; and "i <>>' 
now our aforesud son bath besought us, that, whereas the ^^','^^ 
town of Grinstead, which as parcel of the manor of Mares- S™!,'^'?''' 
field, tbe town of Seaford, which as parcel of the castle and ^lI^^Biin 
leucata of Pevensey, and the town of Laoghton-in-le- lu^'^'i™ 
Morthen, which as parcel of the castle and honor of 
Tickhill, were delivered to him at a certain valuation in 
the escbange aforesud, (no special mention being made 
of those towns in our said charter,) be three towns in 
gross severally of themselves, and he not nor were at any 
time pertaining to tbe aforesud manor of Mareefield, castle 
and latcaia of Pevensey, and castle and honor of Tickhill, 
as now he is given to understand, lest he or bis heirs afore- 



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87 

tianim et immunitatum quaa idem filius noster in dicto 
eomitatu Richemondise et honore castris maneriiB tends 
tenementis et aliis locie ad dictum comitatum pertinen- 
tibuB habuit, dum ea tenuit, ante escambiiun supradictum. 
No6 escambium illud in qualibet parte ejusdem obaervare, 
et tarn quieti dicti filii nostri et hseredum suorum prsdic- 
tormn in faac parte prospicere, quam dicta tenementa eidem 
filio noetro ut preemittitur data et concessa ac dictae villas 
de Grenstede, Seford, et Lagfaton, quas virtute dicUe 
concessionis noatree sic tenet, libertatibus quietatitiis et 
immunitatibue, per pnefotam consortem nostram habitis 
ut priemittitur in eiadem, muniri et exornari, in recom- 
peneationem libertatum quietantdanim et immnnitatum 
per pTsdictum filium Bostrum in dicto eomitatu Riche- 
mondise et pertinentiis buib prEedictis nuper babitarumj 
et pnecipue ob Bpecialem affectionem quam ad personam 
ejuadem filii nogtri, suiB meritis magnificia laudabiliter 
exigentibuB, gerimus et habemnB, conceseimus eidem filio 
DOBtro pro nobis et hseredibus nostris quod ipse dictas 
villas de Grenstede, Seford, et Laghton cum pertinentiis 
suiB uoiversis, edam licet grossa sint per se, an ut priedio- 
tum est pertinentia ad dictum manerium de Marsfeld, 
castrum et leucatam de Pevensey et castrum et honorem 
de TickhuU, habeat et retiueat, unacum dictis castro ma- 
nerio et honore de HckhuU et aliis terns et tenementis 
praedictia sibi per nos, ut prsemittitur, datis, ac liberta^ 
tibus qoietantiis et immunitatibus Bubscriptis (quae pr»- 
fatse Reginee in diciis terris et tenementis qtue ipsa sic 
tenuit ad vitam suam, concessimug, habendas, sicut per in- 
spectionem rotulorum cancellarise nostrm nobis constat)» 
babendie utendis et gaudendis in dictis castro manerio et 
hooore de Tickbul), ac aliis castiis maneriis bonoribus 
hundredis, et villis de Grenstede, Seford, et Lagbton, ac 



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87 

aud should in future be impeached in the occupation of the 
sud towns of Griostead, Seaford, and Laugbton for the 
want of special naming of the same in our grant aforesaid, 
we would be pleased to grant the sud towns of Grinstead, migiit ^ 
Seaford, and Laughton to him by name, to have and to ^'^ " 
hold together with the said castle manor and honor of 
Hckhill and the other lands and tenements given to him 
in the sud exchange, and alBo with the liberties acquit- ^J^^'^ 
tances and immunities which FhiUppa, late Queen of Eng- ^^l^ *^ 
land, then our consort, (who held the Baid castle, manor, ^'^,'** 
and honor of TlckhiU, and the other lands and tenements otuum. 
80 given by us to our same son,) in her lifetime had in 
the same by our grant, ia compeDsation for the liberties 
acquittances and immunities which our same son had in 
the Bud earldom of Richmond, and in the honor castles m»- 
nors lands tenements and other places to the said earldom 
pertaining, whilst he held them before tiie exchange above 
said. We, to observe the said exchange in every part canMtn- 
thereof and to look as well to the quiet of our said bod and ^^Ff"- 
his heirs aforesaid in this bebalf, as that the sud tene- ™'^„„, 
ments given and granted to our same sou as is premised, ^^^P^ 
and the said towns of Grinstead, Seaford, and Laughton, wmdu'^* 
which by virtue of our said grant he so holds, be adorned 
and armed with the liberties acquittances and immunities 
had in the same by our aforesaid consort as is premised, in 
compensatioD for the liberties acquittances and immuni- 
ties lately had by our aforesaid son in the said earldom of 
Richmond and its appurtenances afbresEud, and chiefly on 
account of the special aSection which we have and bear for ■»« tb* 
the person of our same son, his high merits full worthily faot», 
requiring it, have granted to our same son, for us and our Tii>i>nk« 
heirs, that he the said towns of Grinstead, Seaford, and tb?w^B.,r 

OltBHud, 

Laughton, with all their appurtenances, albeit even they ^1^^ *°' 



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aliis terns teaemeDtis et lode quibuscumque dicto filio 
nostro, ut est dictum, per nos datis et in dicta carta nos- 
tra plenius Bpeuficatis, et qualibet parte eorumdem eidem 
filio nostro et dictis hKredibus de corpora bug, ut prs- 
dictum eat, procreatis, in eacambium supradictum, sub niodo 
et forma in eadem carta noetra contends imperpetuum, 
videUcet^ cum feodia militum, advocationibus domorum re- 
ligioaarum hospitalium ecclesiarum et capellarum, wardis 
maritagiie et escaetis de omnibus tenenUbua de ho- 
noribufl manerits terris tenementis et aliis locns prsedictis 
preehto filio nostro per noe sic datis, aimul cum chaciia 
parcis boscis warennis feriia mercatis aquis vits piscariis 
communis assartis vastis et purpresturia, ac etiam arren- 
tationibus et redditibua quorumcumque asaartorum vas- 
torum et purpresturarum tam temporibus progenitorum noB- 
trorum quondam Regum Angliae qoam nostro in chaciis 
et aliia 1o<ub prsedictis arrentatorum et exnunc arrenlan- 
dorum, una cum finibus pro ingressu hujusmodi assartorum 
rastorum et purpresturarum sic arreutandorum, et cum 
curiis, vieibua franci plegii, hundredis, wapentachiis^ wrek, 
wayT et atray*, libertatibus regalibus, et Ubeiis conauetudi- 
nibuB, et omnibus aliis ad eadem castra honores maneria 
hundreda et alia terras tenementa et loca qualitercumque 
et ubicumque apectantibua. Concessimus etiam pro nobis 
et heeredibus noatris eidem filio nostro quod ipse et dicti 
heeredes sui habeant omnes fines redemptionea et amertaar 
menta onmium hominum et tenentium suorum de et in 
castris bonoribuB maneriia hundredia villia tenia tene- 
mentia et aliis locis praedictia sibi per noa sic datis, et 
eorum feodis, ac etiam in omnibus villia hundredis et 
aliis locia unde annuse firmse et redditus sibi inter csetera 
terras et tenementa prsdicta per nos conceaai proreniunt ; 
necnon exitua forigfactos, et omnia quae ad nos et baeredea ' 



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be towns in gross of themBelves, or whether as aforesaid ^'^ ■><■ 
they be pertaining to the sud manor of Maresfield, castle j^'^,^^^ 
and leucaia of Pevenaey, and castle and honor of Tlckbill, 
may hare and retain together with the said castle manor 
and honor of Tickhill and the other lands and tenements 
aforesaid by us given to him as is premised, and vith "^")f7 
the liberties acquittances and immuniUes underwritten, ^£°* 
(which we granted to the aforesaid Queen to have in 
the said lands and tenements by her so held for her 
life, aa is evident to us by the inspection of the rolls 
of our chancery,) to hav^ use, and enjoy in the said 
castle manor and honor of Tickbill, and the other cas- 
tles manors honors hundreds, and the towns of Grin- 
stead, Seaford, and Laughton, and the other lands te- 
nements and places whatsoever, given by us as has 
been said to our said son, and in our said charter more 
fully specified, and in every part thereof, — to our same 
son and the said heirs of hie body begotten as is afore- 
said, in exchange as abovesaid under the manner and 
form contiuned in our same charter for ever, that is 
to say, with knights'* fees, advowsons of religious houses, Knighu' 
hospitals, churches and chapels, wardships, marriages, and SJhf'i- 
escheats of all the tenants of the honors, manors, lands, te- 
nements and other places aforesaid by us so given to our 
aforesaid son, together with chases, parks, woods, warrens, cuh», 
fairs, markets, waters, ways, fisheries, commons, assarts, 
wastes, and purprestures, and also with the arrentations 
and rents of all manner of assarts, wastes, and purprestures 
atrented in the chases and other places aforesaid, as well 
in our time as in the times of our progenitors formerly 
Kings of England, and hereafter to he arrented, together 
with the fines for ingress of the like assarts, wastes, and 
purprestures so to be arrented, and with courts, views of 



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DOBtros pertinere poterunt de anno die et vasto, foris^- 
turie et murdris, in quibuscumque curiia noetria et hseredum 
nostrorum homines et tenentes illos (tam coram nobis et 
haeredibus nostris et in cancelUria nostra et hsBredum 
nostrorum, ac coram thesaurario et baronibus nostria 
et hsercdum nostrorum de scaccario, quam coram justi- 
tiariis nostiis et hseredum nostrorum itinerantibus ad 
communia placita et ad placita forestse, ac etiam coram 
juBtitiariis nostris et hserediim nostrorum de banco, et 
coram seneecallo et marescallo ac coronatore hospitii 
noetri et hsredum nostrorum et clerico de mercato, 
ac coram atiis justitiariis et ministria nostria et biere- 
dum nostrorum quibuscumque) fines aeu redemptiooes 
facere vel amerciari, aut hujusmodi exitus murdra aeu 
forisfacturas annum diem et vastum adjudicari, contigerit, 
adeo plene et integre sicut nos ea baberemus si prffidicta 
castra bonores maneria hundreda villas terras tenementa 
et alia loca pra^dicta, eidem filio nostro sic data, in maau 
nostra retiuuissem us. Ita quod ipse et dicti bseredes sui 
per manus ballivorum et miniBtrorum auorum fines redemp- 
tiooes et amerciamenta bominum et tenendum prfedictorum 
exitus forisfactos, et omnia quae ad noa et bseredes nostros 
pertinere poteruot de anno die vasto, forisbctnrig et 
murdris, de et in castria honoribus maneriie hundredis 
villis terris tenementis et aliis lods preedictis per nos uc 
datia ac eonim feodis, ques coram prsedictis justitiariis iti- 
nerantibuB ad communia placita et ad placita forestie, ac 
coram dictis aenescallo et marescallo coronatore seu clerico 
fieri et adjudicari contigerit, per extractas eorumdem jus- 
titiariorum itinerantium in itioeribus suis et seuescalli 
et marescalli et coronatoris ac cleritn in sessionibua buib 
eiadem balltTis et ministris inde liberandas, necnoa fines 
redempdones et amerciamenta hominum et tenentium pre- 



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frankpledge, hundreds, wapentakes, wreck, waif and atrayi wnck. 
royal liberties and free customs, and all other things to the 
same castles, honors, manors, biindreds, and other lands, 
tenements, and places howsoever and wheresoever belong- 
ing. We have also granted for us and our heirs to our Fin« ud 
same son, that he and hie said heirs may have all fines, amu, 
ransoms, and amercements of all their men and tenants 
of and in the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, 
lands, tenements, and other places aforesaid so given to 
him by us, and in their fees, and also in all the towns, 
hundreds, and other places whence the annual farms and 
rents by us granted to him among the other lands and 
tenements aforesaid do proceed ; and also forfeited issues, ^■^■■^ '*■ 
and all things which can pertain to us and our heir» ftH"™.»». 
of year, day, and waate, forfeitures and murders, in any 
soever of the courts of us and our heirs, where such 
men and tenants shall happen to make fine or ransom 
or be amerced, or such issues, murders, forfeitures, year, 
day, and waate happen to be adjudged, as well before us laMTar 
and our heirs, and in the chancery of us and our heirs, and <«"<» 
before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer of us and 
our heirs, as before the justices of us and our heirs in eyre 
to hold common pleas and pleas of the forest, and also 
before the justices of tiie bench of us and our heirs, and 
before the steward and marshal and coroner of the house- 
hold of us and our heirs, and the clerk of the market, and 
before all other justices and ministers of us and our heirs 
whomsoever, as fully and entirely as we should hare them if 
we had retained in our hand the aforesud castles, honors, 
manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid so given to our same son. So that he U;j,'°J^,, 
and bis said heirs by the hands of his bailiffs and ministers ^^^ 
may be able to levy, perceive, and have the fines, ransoms, ^ ■^'.m*"' 



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90 

dictorum, ac exitus foriBfaotos, et omnia qus ad nng et 
bsered«8 aostros pertinere potenint de anno die et vasto, 
forisfacturis, et murdris, de et in castrie honoribus 
maneriis bundredia villis terriB tenementis et sliia locis 
preadictiB per hob sic datis ac eorum feodia, quee coram 
Dobis et bseredibufl nostris, vel in cancellaria nostra et 
bseredum noBtrorum, aeu coram tbeBaurario et baronibus 
nOBtris et haeredum noBtrorum de Bcaccario, seu coram 
justitiariie nostiia et baeredum ooatronun de banco aut 
juBtidariia ad assisas capiendas et gaolae deliberaodas 
sen justidariis ad felonias et tranBgressioneB audiendaa et 
tenninandas assignatia, vel coram aliis justltiariiB seu mi- 
nisttie nostris et bierediim nostrorum quibuscumque fieri 
et adjudicari contigerit, per extractas scaccarii nostri et 
bferedum noBtrorum ballivia et miniatriB dicti filii nostri 
et dictorum hEeredum Buorum per manuB ricecomitum in 
quorum ballivia castra honorea maneria bundreda villae 
terrae tenements et alia loca prsedicta, ut est dictum, per 
no8 data, ac eorum feoda exiBtunt^ inde liberandaa, lerare 
percipere et habere posBint, — sine occaaione vel impedi- 
mento noBtri vel bferedum noBtrorum aul ballivonim seu mi- 
niatrorum nostrorum quorumcumque. £t quod idem filiua 
noster et dicti bieredee sui babeant in castris honoribua 
maneriis bundredis vilUs terns tenementis et aliis locis 
praedictis per nos sic datis, ac eorum feodis, catalla felonum 
et fugiUvorum; ita quod si qms hominum vel tenentium 
suorum aut alii in locis praedictis vel eorum feodie pro 
delicto Buo vitam vel membrum debeant amittere vel 
fugerint et judicio stare noluerint, vel aliquod delictum 
fecerint pro quo catalla aua debeant perdere (ubicumque 
juatitia de eis fieri debeat sive in curia nostra vel 
hffiredum nostrorum nve in aliis curiis) ipsa catalla 
unt prGefati filii nostri et dictorum heeredum euorum, et 



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90 

and ameTcements of the mea and tenants aforesaid, for- 
feited issues, and all things which to us and our heirs can 
pertain of year, day, and waste, forfeitures and murders, of 
and in the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, lands, 
tenements, and other places aforesaid by us so given, and in 
their fees, — such as shall happen to be made and adjudged 
before the aforesud justices in eyre to hold common pleas 
and pleas of the forest, and before the said steward and 
marshal, coroner or clerk, by estreats of the same ju^ 
tices in eyre in their circuits, and of steward and marshal 
and coroner and clerk in their sessions, to be delivered 
thereof to the same baitids and ministers, — and also such 
the fines, ransoms, and amercements of the aforesaid men 
and tenants, and forfeited issues, and all things which to 
us and our heirs can pertain of year, day, waste, foi^ 
feitures and murders, of and in the castles, honors, 
manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesiud by us so given, and in their fees, as shall 
happen to be made and adjudged before us and our heirs, 
or in the chancery of us and our heirs, or before the trea- 
surer and barons of the exchequer of us and our heirs, 
or before the justices of us and our heirs of the common 
bench, or our justices assigned to take the assizes and to 
deliver our gaols, or the justices assigned to hear and deter- 
mine felonies and trespasses, or before other the justices 
or ministers of us and our heirs whomsoever, by estreats of 
the exchequer of us and our heirs, to be delivered thereof 
to the bailiflk and ministers of our sud son and his 
said heirs by the hands of the sheriffs in whose bailiwicks 
the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tene- 
ments, and other places aforesaid given by us as afore- 
said, and their fees, do lie ; without let or hinderance of 
us or our heirs, or of our bailidb or ministers whomsoever. 



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91 

liceat eis seu minietris suis sine occasiooe vel impedi- 
mento nostri Tel hferedum nostrorum viceccmitum et alio- 
Tum balliTontm seu miniBtrorum nostrorum vel hseredum 
nofitrorum quorumcumque ponere se in eeiunam de eatallis 
prsedictis et ea ad usum dicti fiHi nostri et hseredum buo- 
rum retinere. Conceseinius etiam prs&to filio noBtro pro 
nobis et hseredibus noetris quod ipse et dicti hsredea 
Bui habeant in castris honoribus roaneriiB bundredis villiB 
tenis tenementie et aliis locis prsedictJa dicto filio nostro 
sic datis, ac eorum feodis, retorna omnium brevium nos- 
trorum et hseredum noBtrorum ac eummonitionum extrac- 
tanun et prceceptorum de scaccario preedicto necnon pr»- 
ceptorum et extractarum juBtitiariorum nostrorum et hse- 
redum ooBtTorum itiuersntium tarn ad placita forestae 
quam ad communia placita, et aliorum justiUarionun 
quorumcumque, et execudones eorumdem brevium, sum- 
monitionum, extractarum et prseceptorum per balliros et 
miniBtros suos faciendas. Ita quod nullus vicecomea bal- 
Htus aut minister noeter vel heeredum nostronim castra 
honores maneria villas terras tenementa et alia loca 
prtedicta, ut prsemittitur, per nos data, vel eorum feoda, 
ad officia aliqua seu alia officia sua tangentia facienda 
ingrediatur, nisi in defectum ipsius filii nostri aut dic~ 
torum hseredum vel balliTonim seu miniBtrorum Buorum. 
VolumuB insuper et concedimuB pro nobis et bseredibus 
Dostris quod w vicecomites vel balllTi libertatum hun- 
dredorum seu wapentachiorum in aliquibus executionibus 
pro eodem filio nostro aut dictis bseredibus suis per brevia 
sive mandata nostra, vel heeredum nostrorum, aut quons 
alio modo faciendia negligentes fuerint vel remissi per quod 
ipaos in scaccario nostro seu aliis curiis nostris contigerit 
amerciari vel fines bcere, quod fines et amerciamenta ilia 
sint dicti filii nostri et dictorum hseredum auorum, et ad 



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Aad that our same eon and hie said heirB may have in 
the caetles, honors, maDors, hundreds, towDB, lands, te- 
Dements, and other places aforesaid by us so given, and 
in their fees, the chattels of felons and fugitives, so that ^J^'"^ 
if any of their men or tenants or others in the places 
aforesaid, or in their fees, for their delinquency ought 
to lose life or limb^ or shall See and not be willing to 
stand their trial, or shall commit any offence for the which 
they ought to lose their chattels, (wheresoever justice shall 
be had of them, whether in the court of us or our heirs, or 
whether in other courts,) sudi chattels shall belong to 
oar aforesud son and his scud lietrs, and that it shall be 
lawful for them or their ministers to put tbemeelreB in 
seizin of the chattels aforesaid, and retain them to the 
behoof of our said son and his bein^ wiUiout let or bin- 
derance of us or our heirs, our sherifis and other bailiffs 
or ministers of us or our heirs whomsoever. We have also BMun ud 
granted to our aforesaid son, for us and our heirs, that "'"^"„"* 
be and his said heirs may bare in the castles, honors, g^iqu"' 
manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid so given to our said son, and in their 
fees, the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and of 
summons, estreats, and precepts of the exchequer afore^ 
smd, and also of the precepts and estreats of the justices 
of us and our heirs in eyre to hold as well pleas of the 
forest as common pleas, and of other justices whomso- 
ever, and the execution of the same writs, summons, es- 
treats, and precepts, to be made by their baili^ and mi- 
nisters. So that no sheriff buUff, or other minister of 
us or our heirs shall enter the castles, honors, manors, 
towns, lands, tenements, and other places aforesaid by us 
given ae is premised, or their fees, to perform any offices, or 
other things touching their offices, unless in default of our 



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eorum opus leventur. Hib teatibtis, venerabilibus patribus 
Simone Arcbiepiscopo CaQtuarienu totiuB Anglise Primate, 
Adam Menevensi Cancellario, Henrico Wigornenu llie- 
Baurario, nostris, EpiscopiB, Edmundo Comite Cantabrigiro, 
Thoma de Wodestok Constabulario Angliee, filiia nostria 
carissimis, Henrico de Perc; Marescallo Angliee, Jcdtanoe 
de Ipre Senescallo hosintii nostri, Nicholao Carreu Custode 
privad sigilli nostri, et aliis. Data per manum noBtram 
apud Sbeoe quarto die Juoii, anno regnt aostri Angli» 
quinquagesimo primO) regni vero nostri Francise tricesimo 
octavo. NOS autem tarn dictam cartam indentataoi quam 
dicCam aliam cartam, ac omnes donationeB concesBioneB et 
omnia alia in eiadem cartiB contenta pro nobis et hseredi- 
bus noBtris, tenore prsesentjum, ratificamuB et confinnamus, 
juxta (enorem et eflfectum cartarum aupradtctanim. In 
cujus rei testimonium has literaa nostras fieri fecimua pa- 
tentes. Teste me ipso apud Westmonasterium, quintod»- 
(nmo die Septembris, anno regni nostri primo. 

^©^ autem donationes, concessiones, confirmaUoneS} 
libertates, francfaesiaa et quietantias pnedictas, ac omnia alia 
et singula in dictis cartis et literis contenta, rata babentes et 
grata, ea, pro nobis et bteredibus nostris, quantum in nobis 
est, de gratia nostra speciali acceptamus, approbamue, et 
prsefato Duci et faseredibus auis prasdictis imperpetuum, 
tenore priesentium, concedimus et confirmamus, sicut cartae 
et literse supradictte rationabiliter testantur. Frfeterea to. 
lentes eidem Duci gratiam in bac parte facere ampliorem 
de gratia nostra speciali concessimus pro nobis et bseredibus 
nostris, et bac carta nostra confirmavimus quod licet ipse 
aliqua vel aliquibus donationum, conceB»onum, confirma- 
tionum, libertatum, francbesiarum et quietantiarum, aut 
aliorum in dictis cartis et Uteris contentomm, aliquo 
caau emergente, hactenus plene usus non fuerit, idem 



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»3 

Mine SOD or his said heirs, or of their bulifiB or ministers. 
And fnrthennore we will and grant, for us and our said piiMiud 
heirs, that if the Bheri% or hailifis of liberties, hundreds, or minunf 
wapentakes be negligent or remiss m making any execu- ^^ ^*'' 
tions for -our same son or his said heirs, by writs or man. "•"•""■ 
dates of us or our heirs, or in any other wise, whereby it 
shall happen that they be amerced or make fines in our 
exchequer or in other our courts, such fines and amerce- 
ments shall belong to our said son and his said heirs, 
and may be levied to their behoof. These being wit- 
nesses, the venerable fathers, Simon Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, Primate of all Eogland ; Adam Bishop of St. 
David's, our Chancellor; Henry Bishop of Worcester, 
our Treasurer ; Edmund Earl of Cambridge, and Thomas 
of Woodstock, Constable of England, our most dear sons ; 
Henry de Percy, Marshal of England; John de Ipr^ 
Steward of our household; Nicholas Carreu, Keeper of 
OUT privy seal, and others. Given under our hand at 
Sheen, on the fourth day of June, in the fifty>6rst 
year of our reign of England, and the thirty-eighth of 
our reign of France. AND we, as well the said charter 
indented as the sud other charter, and all the donations, 
grants, and all other things in the same charters con- 
tained, for us and our heirs by the tenor of these presents 
do ratify and confirm according to the tenor and effect of 
the charters abovesaid. In witness whereof we have caused 
these our letters to be made patent Witness ourself at 
Westminster, on the fifteenth day of September, in the 
first year of our reign. 

AMIO) we, ratifying and approving the donations, grants, conMnuUm 
confirmations, liberties, franchises, and acquittances afore- ncjtMr 
said, and all and singular other the things in the said charters 
and letters contuned, do, for us and our heirs, as far as in 



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tamen Dux et hseredeB Bui prsedicti dooationibus, coacea- 
eioaibus, confirmationibuB, Ubertatibus, francheaiis et quie- 
tantiis, ac omnibiis aliis et singulis in cartiB et liteiia 
I^tedictia, ut prsmittitur, contentis, et eorum quolibet de- 
CEctero plene gaudeant et utantur imperpetuum, sine occa- 
sione vel impedimeoto nostri vel bseredum noEtTorum, justi- 
tiarionim, escaetorum, Ttcecomitum aut alionim ballivorum 
seu miniBtrorum nostrorum vel baaredum Dostrorum quo- 
nuncumque. Et ulterius, ad probitatem strenuam et e^ 
pientiam exceltentissimam ac alios multiplices mores et 
merita pnefati avuoculi noBtri, qui nuiliB cedeas laboribus 
vel expeuBJe, ae tam in consiliis obsequiiB et aliis agendis 
nobis et toH regno nostro fructu(»is et honorificis semper 
retroactis temporibus obsequiosum pariter et paratum ex- 
hibuit et exhibet indefease, condignam conatderaUoDem 
babentes, et volentes, prffimiasorum intuitu, prae&tum 
avunculum nostrum, qui prse ceeteiis in sapienUa, strenui- 
tate et bonore nobis et regno nostro prsedicto maxime 
ralere et locum potiorem tenere potest, gratiis et favori- 
bus ampUoribus prserogare, de uberiori gratia nostra, pro 
majori eecuritate ipsius Ducis avunculi nostri, dedaramua, 
concedimus, et confinnamus, pro nobis et hieredibus nos- 
tris, preehto Dud, quod ipse ad totam vitam Buam habeat 
omnee fines pro traoegressione et aliU malefactia quibus- 
cumque ; ac etiam fines pro licentia concordandi, et omni- 
modos alios fines, redemptiones, et amerciamenta, ex qua- 
cumque causa et per quamcumque causam provenieiilia, 
necnon exitus forisfactos de omnibuB bominibus et tenenUbus 
de et in terris et feodis prsedicti Ducie, et de omnibua infra 
eadem terras et feoda restdentibus, quanquam iidem bo- 
miues, tenentes, seu residentes, miniBtri nostri vel bseredum 
nostrorum existanL Et quod idem Dux ad totam vitam suam 
habeat quaecumque forisfacturas annum diem vastum et 



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98 

us lies, of our especial grace accept and approve the same» 
and do grant and confirm them by the tenor of these pre- 
sentB to the aforesaid Duke and his heirs aforesaid for ever, 
as the charters and letters abovesaid reasonahlj' do wit- 
ness. Willing, moreover, to shew the same Duke more ^^'^ 
ample fiivor in this behalf we have granted of our eape- md-dut, 
cial grace for us and our heirs, and by this our charter 
have confirmed, that albeit, any case arising he have not 
hitherto fully used any one or more of the donadons, 
grants, confirmations, liberties, franchises and acquittances^ 
or other things in the said charters and letters contained, 
nevertheless the same Duke and his heirs aforesaid may 
henceforth fiilly enjoy and use for ever the donations, 
grants, confirmations, libertie% franchises, and acquittances, 
and all and singular other the things contained in the char- 
ters and letters aforesaid, as is premised, and every of wuiuDtM 
them, without let or hinderance of us or our heirs, the !|^,i|^>'* 
justices, escheators, sherifi, or other bailiffi or ministeTs nini'»'«- 
of us or our heirs whomsoever. And furthermore, hav- ""I""* 
ing condign consideration of the strenuous goodness and ^1^*3^ 
most excellent wisdom, and other manifold merits and •*°'>™' 
good demeanour of our aforesaid uncle, who yielding to 
no labors or expenses hath ever in times past proved him- 
self, and yet unweariedly proves himself, equally ready and 
compliant in giving bis counsel, and in the performance of 
other duties profitable and honorable to us and our whole 
realm, and beiug desirous in regard of the premises to 
endow with ampler favors and grace our aforesaid uncle, 
who, far beyond others in wisdom, prowess, and honor, 
is able to avail and stand us and our realm aforesaid in 
better stead, do, of our more abundant grace, for the 
greater security of the same Duke our uncle, declare, grant, r« tarm «f 
and confirm for us and our hein to the aforesaid Duke, Dukioruu- 



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94 

estreppamentum, et qmcquid «d nos vel hsBredee noetros 
perdnere poterit de anno die vasto et eatreppameato, fo- 
riB&u^ur'iB et murdris, iafta terraa et feoda prsedicta, in 
quibuscumque cuiiis nostris et hseredum noetrorum sive in 
quacumque curia alterius, coDtJgerit quod pmdicti homi- 
nes, tenentes, seu residentes facient fines vel erunt smer- 
ciati, Tel exituB forisfacient, Beu quc»d prsedicta annus dies 
vaetum et estreppameutum, foriafactura vel murdrum, ad> 
judicata erunt, tam in prsesentia noBtra et hseredum nostro- 
rum, quam in absentia nostra et bsredum nostronim, et 
tam coram nobis et heeredibua nostris, et in cancellaria nostra 
et haeredum nostronim, ac coram tbesanrario et baronibus 
de scaccario nostro et hseredum nostrorum, et coram justitia- 
riis nostris et hseredum nostrorum de commuoi banco, necnon 
coram senescallo et mareecallis seu coram coronatore hospitii 
noBtri et hseredum nostrorum vel clerico mercati, qui pro 
tempore erunt, et iu aliie curiie nostris et beeredum nostro- 
rum, quam coram justitiariis uostris itinerantibus ad com- 
munia placita et ad placita forestee, justitiariis ad assisas 
capiendas et gaolas deliberandas, ac coram quibuscumque 
aliiB justitiariis et miuistris nostris et hseredum noatrorum, 
tam in prsesentia nostra et hGereduro nostrorum, quam in 
absentia nostra et hseredum nostrorum, adeo plene et integre 
sicut nos vel hseredes nostri ea baberemus si ilia prrohto 
Duci Don concessiasemus. Ita quod prsedictus Dux per 
manua balltvorum et aliorum mintBtrorum suorum levare, 
percipere, et habere possit, fines, redemptiones, et amercia* 
menta ipsomm hominum tenendum et residenlium de et in 
terns et feodis preedictis, exitus foriafactoa, et quicquid ad 
nos vel bseredes nostroa pertinere poterit de anno die vasto 
eetreppamento, fbrisfacturia et murdria, de et in tenia et 
feodia praadictis, quse coram dictis justitiariis itinerantibus 
ad communia placita et ad placita forests, ac coram pree- 



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94 

that he for the whole of hia life may have all fines for tre»- {[^J^ 
pass and other misdeedB whatsoever, and also fines for li- fl^i'^1,^^ 
cence to agree, and all manner of other fines, raneoms, and ^^^*' 
amercements, Irom whatever cause and through whatever hiudkHui 
cause pToceedingi and aleo forfeited issues in respect of 
all the men and tenants of and in the lands and fees of 
the aforesaid Duke, and in respect of all resiants within 
the same lands and fees, albeit the same men, tenants, or 
resiants be ministers of us or our heirs. And that the purhiiur». 
same Duke, for the whole of his life, may have all manner »» «■«• 
of forfeitures, year, day, waste, and estrepement, and what- 
ever to U9 or our beirs can pertain of year, day, waste, and 
estrepement, forfeitures and murders, within the lands and 
fees aforesaid, in what courts soever, of us and our heirs, or lupoador 
in whatever court of any other it may happen that the "r*™"- 
aforesiud men, tenants, or resiants shall make fines or be 
amerced or forfeit issues, or that the aforesaid year, day, 
waste, and estrepement, forfeiture or murder, be adjudged 
— as well in presence of us and our heirs as in absence of us 
and our beirs, and as well before us and our beire, and in 
the chancery of US and oar heirs, and before the treasurer 
and barons of the exchequer of ua and our heirs, and be- 
fore the justices of the common bench of us and our heirs, 
and also before the steward and marshals, or before the 
coroner of the household, of us and our heirs, or Uie derk 
of the market for the time being, and in other the courts 
of us and our faeirs, as before our justices in eyre to hold 
common pleas and pleas of the forest, our justices assigned 
to take the asaizee and to deliver our gaols, and before all 
other justices and ministers of us and our beirs whomso- 
ever, as well in presence of us and our heirs as in absence 
(^ U8 and our heirs, — as fully and entirely as we or our ■• tuny ■• 
heirs would have them if we hod not granted tbem to the 



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95 

dicUs seoescallo et marescalliB coronatore rel clerico iner- 
cati, fieri seu odjudicari contigerit, per extractas eorum- 
dem justitiariorum itiaer&ntium in itineribuB biub, ac prae- 
dictorum senescalli marescallorum coronatoris et clerici in 
sessionibuB suis, ballms et roiniBtriB prsedicti Duds inde 
liberandas; ac eUam fines, redemptionee, et amerciamen- 
ta de homiaibua tenentibuB et reBidentibua prsdictis, ac 
exitUB forisfactos, et omnia quae ad noe vel hKredes nostros 
pertinere potemnt de anno die vaeto estreppameato, foria- 
facturiB et murdris, de et in term et feodis prEedictiB, qtin 
coram nobis vel heeredibus Dostrie, vel in cancellazia nostra 
et beeredam noetrorum, bou coram thcBaurario et baronibus 
de Bcaccario noatro et hieredum nostrornm, vel coram jus- 
titiariia nostriB et hKredum nostrorum de communi banco, 
Bive coram justitiariis ad aesiBaB capiendas et gaolaB de- 
liberandas, aut justitJariia ad transgreasionee et felouias 
audiendaa et terminandaa aseignatie, bcu coram aliis juad- 
tiariia vel ministris noetris quibuscumque et hsredum no8> 
trorum, fieri vel adjudicari contigerit, per extractas de scac- 
carlo noatro et bjeredum nostrorum, ballivis et ministrifl 
praefati Ducis, per manus vicecomitum in quorum ballivis 
dicta terrie et feoda existunt, inde liberandas; — une occa- 
sione vel impedimento nostri vel bseredum nostrorum, jus- 
titiariorum, vicecomitum, escaetorum, aut aliorum mini», 
trorum nostrorum et bseredum nostrorum quorumcumque. 
Et quod pmdictua Dux ad totam vitam Buam per se et 
miniatroB sikw in omnibus teniB et feodis prsdictis, tam 
in prffisenda nostra et bseredum nostrorum quam in al>- 
sentia nostra et bseredum nostrorum, facial et babeat 
assaiam et asnsam panis vini et cervisiffi et omnimodorum 
aliorum victualium quorumcumque ac aliorum ad offidum 
clerici de mercato nostri et bEcredum nostrorum pertinen- 
tium, cum punitione eorumdem quodens et quando expe- 



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95 

sTores^d Duke. So that the aforesaid Duke by the haiids ^"^^*„, 
of his buli£b and other minietere may be able to levy, pei^ ™*a^«h 
ceire, and have the fines, ranaoms, and amercements of the ^ dSiKred" 
same men, tenants, and resiants of and in the lands and 
fees aforesaid, forfeited issues, and whatever to us or our 
heirs can pertain of year, day, and waste, estrepement, for- 
feitures, and murders, of and in the lands and fees afore- 
said, which ahall happen to be made or adjudged before 
the said justices in eyre to hold common pleas and pleas 
of the forest, and before the aforesaid steward and mar- 
shals, coroner, or clerk of the market, by estreats of the 
same justices in eyre in their circuits, and of the aforesaid 
steward, marshals, coroner, and clerk, in their sessions, 
to be delivered thereof to the bwli^ and ministers of the 
aforesaid Duke ; and also the fines, ransoms, and amerce- 
ments of the aforesaid men, tenants, and resiants, and for- 
feited issues, and all things which to us or our heirs can 
pertain of year, day, waste, estrepement, forfeitures, and 
murders, of and in the lands and fees aforesaid, which 
shall happen to be made or adjudged before us or our 
heirs, or in the chancery of us and our heirs, or before 
the treasurer and barons of the exchequer of us and 
our heiis, or before the justices of us and our heirs of 
the common bench, or before our justices assigned to 
take the assizes and to deliver our gaols, or the justices 
assigned to hear and determine trespasses and felonies, 
or before other the juBtit^s or ministers of us and our 
heirs whomsoever, by estreats of the exchequer of us 
and our heirs, to be delivered thereof to the bailiffs and 
ministers of the aforesaid Duke by the bands of the sberilb 
in whose bailiwicks the said lands and fees do lie ; — without wuhoat to 
let or binderance of us or our heirs, or of our justices, xtng'i 
afaerifia, escbeators, or other ministers of us and our heirs 



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diens fuerit et necesee : ac etiam habeat et perapiat fines 
amerciamenta et redemptioneB ac omaimoda proficua inde 
provenientia; ita quod clericua mercati nostri et hjeredum 
Qostroram non ingrediatur dicta terras vel feoda pro aliqui- 
buB ad o£Bcium suum pertinentibus faciendis seu ezercendi». 
Kc quod pnedictus Dux ad totam vitam suam babeat catalla 
fugitivorum et felooum tarn felouum de se quam aliorum 
quorumcumque ac utlagatorutn ex quacumque causa omni- 
um bominum et tenendum de et in terns et feodis prse- 
dictis, necnon omnium reBidentium infra eadem terras et 
feoda, quanquam iidem bomines tenentes aut reudentes 
miniatri nostri vel bsredum nostrorum existant: ita quod 
a aliquis bominum et tenentium de et in terrig et feodis 
pnedictiB seu aliquis residentium io dictis terris et feodis, 
aut aUquis alius in eiadem terris et feodis, pro aliquo euo 
malefacto quocumque debeat vitam vel membrum amittere, 
seu fugiat, et judicio stare noluerit, aut aliquam aliam 
transgressionem fadat pro qua ipee debet perdere catalla 
sua, (in quo loco justitia de eo fieri debeat, sivc in curia 
nostra et hseredun) nostrorum vel in aliiB curiis,) catalla 
ilia sint prsedicti DucIb: et quod liceat ei seu ministris 
suis ponere se in seUiaam dictorum catallorum et eadem 
catalla ad opua prsefati Ducie retinere ; — »ne occasione vel 
impedimeoto nostri vel lueredum nostrorum, vtcecomitum, 
escaetorum, aut aliorum ballivorum seu miiuatrorum nos- 
trorum et baeredum nostrorum quorumcumque. Et quod 
prteftitus Dux ad totam vitam suam habeat retoma omnium 
brevium nostrorum et baeredum nostrorum, necnon sum- 
monitioDum extractarum et prsceptorum de scaccario nostro, 
et de ecaccario bseredum nostrorum, ac extractarum et pne- 
ceptorum justitiariorum nostrorum et bieredum nostrorum 
itinerantium tam ad pladta forestse quam ad communia 
pladta, ac aliorum justitiariorum quorumcumque, necnon. 



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whomsoever. And that the aforesaid Duke, for the whole ^f*»»i"' 
of his life, by himBelf and his ministers, in all the lands ^^lolHf,» 
and fees aforesaid, as well in presence of us aod our beira tJuu^"^ 
as in absence of us and our heirs, may make and have mlikM. 
the assay and assize of bread, wine, and ale, and of all 
manner of other victuals whatsoever, and of other things 
perttuning to the office of tiie clerk of the market of us 
and our heirs, together with the punishment thereof when- 
ever and BO often as it shall be necessary and expedient; 
and also that he may have and perceive the fines, amerce- 
ments, and ransoms, and all manner of profits thence pro- 
ceeding, so that the clerk of the market of us and our beira 
shall not enter the said lands or fees to do or exercise any 
matters pertaining to bis office. And that the aforesaid chutchsr 
Duke, for the whole of bis life, may have the chattels of rugiuv». 
fugitives and felons, as well felons of themselves as of 
others whomsoever, and of outlaws for any cause soever, 
of all the men and tenants of and in the lands and fees 
aforesaid, and also of all resiants within the same lands 
and fees, albeit the same men, tenants or resiants be 
ministers of us or our heirs, so that if any of the men 
and tenants of and in the lands and fees aforesaid, or any 
of the resiants in the said lands and fees, or any other 
person in the same lands and fees, for any misdeed wbat- 
eoever, ought to lose life or limb, or shall fiee and not he 
willing to stand their trial, or shall commit any other tres- 
pass for the which they ought to lose their chattels (in 
whatsoever place justice shall be had of them, whether in 
the court of us and our heirs or in other courts), such 
chattels shall belong to the aforesaid Duke : And that it Hir iti» 
shall he lawful for him or his ministers to put themselves in viihiwtiM 
seizin of the said chattels, and the same chattels to retain ^^^' ^ 
to the behoof of the aforesaid Duke; — without let or hin- "'*""■ 



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97 

attachiamenta tam de pladtie coronse quam aliorum in omai- 
bus terris et feodie pnedicds. Et quod praKlictus Dux ad 
totam vitam Buam per Be et per ballivoB et miniBtroB auos 
habeat in eudem terrie et feodia executioiiem eorumdem 
breviuin aummoDitionum eztractarum et prsceptorum. Ita 
quod nullua vicecomeB ballirua seu alius minister aoster 
Tel hBsredum uoatrorum pr^edicta teiraa et feoda ingredia- 
tur pro aliquo officio vel aliqua re officium auum taugen- 
te feciendo, aiai in defectu ipsius Ducis vel tniiiistrorum 
auorum. Et ulterius conce^mus et hac carta nostra con- 
firmaTimua pro nobia et dictis heredibua nostris quod A 
vicecomitee vel ballivi libertatum bundredorum aeu vapen- 
tacfaionim, in aliquibus executiouibus pro preedicto Duce, 
per brevia seu mandata nostra vel faaBredum noatrorum* 
seu aliquo alio modo, faciendis, negligentes fuerint vel 
remisai, per quod continent ipeos amerdari aut finea facere 
ID Bcaccario vel in aliia curiia noatria et bseredum noatro- 
rum, bujuamodi fines et amermmenta sint praefati Ducie^ 
et quod leventur ad opua ipaiua Ducis per miniatroa auos 
aupradictoa, durante vita sua. Et quod prKdictua Dux ad 
totam vitam suam habeat infra omnia prsdicta terras et 
feoda omnimoda catalla vocata wayf et stray, deodanda» 
theaaurum inventum ac alias rea vel catalla inventa; et 
quod ipse per ae et miniatroa auoa seisire et capere possit 
ad voluntatem auam ad opus praedicti Duds, vayh et 
atrayes, deodanda, tbeaaurum inventum ac alia iuventa 
aupradicta. Et quod pradictus Dux ad totam vitam suam 
habeat qusecumque bona et catalla vocata maauopera cap- 
ta vel capienda cum quacumque persona infra terras et 
feoda preedicta, ac per eandem personam coram quocum- 
que judice deadrocata. Salvia aemper et reaervatia prsefabo 
Dud, et hteredibua aula prsedictis, omnimodis aliia privi- 
legiis, immunitatibuB, et quietandis, eis, per noa aut per 



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derance of ub or our heirs, or of our sheriSB, eBcheators, 
or other bailiflB or ministers of ub and our heirs whomso- 
ever. Aod that the aforesaid Duke, for die whole of his Rdun ud 
life, may have the return of all writs of us aod our heirs, *'•''• «"■- 
and also of summons, estreats, and precepts, of oar ex- ^^^^™' 
chequer and of the exchequer of our Jieire, and of the 
estreats and precepts of the justices of us and our heirs 
in eyre to hold as well pleas of the forest as common 
pleas, and of other justices whomsoever, and also the at- Aiucfament 
tachment as well of pleas of the crown as of others in ""««""n- 
all the lands and fees aforesaid. And that the afore- 
sidd Duke, for the whole of bis life, by himself and by bis 
bulifb and ministers may have in the same lands and fees 
the execution of the same write, summons, estreats, and 
precepts, so that no sheriff, bailiff, or other minister of NsitwriffoT 
us or our heirs shall enter the aforesaid lands and fees to ''"•* ''"■' 

mjlj UlUVEpjFi 

perform any office, or anytliing touching his office, unless J^'™*" **' 

in default of the same Duke or his ministers. And fur. pi„„ „i 

tbermore we do grant, and by this our charter have con- ™^!^ar 

firmed, for ns and our sud heirs, that if the sherifis or wiinot 

bailifis of liberties, hundreds, or wapentakes be negligent ■>*ti'i«>«- 

or remiss in making any executions for the aforesaid Duke 

by writs or mandates of us or our heirs, or in any other 

wise whereby it shall happen that they be amerced or 

make fines in the exchequer or in other the courts of as 

and our heirs, such fines and amercements shall belong 

to the aforesaid Duke, and that they may be levied to the 

behoof of the same Duke by bis ministers abovesaid dur> 

ing his life. And that the aforesaid Duke, for tbe whole of wijitud 

his life, may have within all the aforesaid lands and fees 

all manner of chattels called wayf and stray, deodands, Dwiaat. 

treasure trove, and other things or chattels found; and Trunn 

that he by himself and bis ministers may be able to seize 



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dictum arum nostrum, datis conces^s seu confirmatis. Hiis 
testibua, venerabilibue patribus Willielmo Cantuariensi to- 
tius Angliffi Primate, Thoma Eboracensi Angliee Primate, 
Cancellario nostro, ArchiepiscopiB, Roberto Londiaenai, Ro- 
berto GceBtrenBi,TidemaDWigorneDBi,Epiacopis, Edmimdo 
EbOTUm, Thoma QlouceEtneB, Ducibus, avunculis nostrie ca- 
rissimiB, Edwardo Rotelandee, Ricardo Arundellue, Thoma 
Mareecallo et Notingbamise, Henrico Northumbriie, Comi- 
tibus, Rogero Walden Thesaurario noBtro, Thoma de Percy 
Seneflcallo hospitii nostri, Guidone Mone Custode privati 
sigilli nostri, et aliis. Data per manum nostram apud 
Westmonasterium vicesimo nono die Junii, anno regni 
nostri viceeimo. 

Per ipsum Regem. 



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Rnd take at their pleasure, to the behoof of the aforeeaid 
Duke, the wayfe and sb-ays, deodaode, treasure trove, and 
other things found as aboveaaid. And that the aforesaid utinw. 
Duke, for the vhole of bia life, may have all manner 
of goods and chattels called Munour, taken or to be 
taken upon any peiBon soever within the lands and fees 
aforesaid, and by the same person disclumed before any 
judge soever; saving always and reserved to the aforesaid ?*T^^ 
Duke and bis heirs aforesaid all manner of other privileges, J™'^, " 
immunities, and acquittances, given, granted, or confirmed 
to them by us or by our said grandfather. These being 
witnesses, the venerable Others, William Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Primate of all England ; Thomas Archbishop 
of York, Primate of England, our Chancellor; Robert 
Bishop of London; Robert Bishop of Chichester; Tideman 
Bishop of Worcester ; Edmund Duke of York, and Tho- 
mas Duke of Gloucester, our most dear uncles; Edward 
Earl of Rutland ; Richard Eari of Arundel ; Thomas Earl 
Marshal and of Nottingham; Henry Earl of Northum- 
berland ; Roger Walden, our Treasurer ; Thomas de Percy, 
etevard of our household; Ouy Mone, Keeper of our 
privy seal; and others. Given Under our hand at West- 
minster, on the twenty-mntfa day of June, in the twenUeth 
year of our reign. 

By the King himself. 



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XVI. 
Be declarations intentionis Regis. 

pENRICUS Dei gratia Rex Angliie et Francie 
et DominuB Hibernis omnibuB ad quos prse- 
sentee liters) perveDerint salutem. Sriatis 
quod cum noa Duper, antequam ad statum 
regium aspiravimue, habuerimue et tenuerimus ac in pr»- 
eenti habeamua et teneamua per legem Angliie diversa 
hoDorea, castra* hundreda, commota, maneria, terras, te- 
nemental annuitatee, feoda, advocationes, ac plura alia 
poseeesionea et dominia de hsreditate Marise, unius fili- 
arum et hieredum Humfridi de Bohun nuper comitis Here- 
fordise, Eesexise, et NorthamptontK, et Constabularu Ao- 
glise, nuper consortia nostrsa defunct» : Noa, volentes 
dicta bonores, castra, hundreda, commota, maneria, terras, 
tenements, annuitatee, feoda, advocation ea, posaee^oneB 
et dominia, cum juribua libertatibua Irancbeeiie et U- 
beria consuetudinibus auis quibuscunque, eiadem modo 
forma conditione et statu quibuB ea [ante] adeptionem 
status nostri regii habuimus et tenuimua, nobis ad ter- 
minum vit«e nostrse plenarie et integre conserrari con- 
tinuari et baberi, volumus ac tenore preesentium, ex certa 
scientia nostra, concedimus declaramuB et ordinamua quod 
bonores, castra, bundreda, commota, maneria, terree, tene- 
menta, annuitates, feoda, advocationes, posBessionee et do- 
minia pnedicta cum juribus libertatibuB franchesiia et 
libertB consuetudinibua auis pr^ictis, taliter et tali modo 
et per tales officiarios et ministroa in omnibus deducantur, 
gubementur, et pertractentur,sicut deduci,gubemari, et per- 



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XVL 

A Declaration of the Kino's intention.* 

nENRY, by the grace of God, King of England u<ii oct. 
and France and Lord of Ireland, to all to ^-o- >>«)>- 
whom the present letters shall come, greet- 
ing. Know ye, that whereas we lately, before Bnitii tim 
wc aspired to the regal estate, did have and hold, and iitid«niin 
do at this present have and hold, by the law of England, [^'^''^''^f,'' 
diverB honors, castles, hundreds, commotes, manors, lands, t^JfX'iy 
tenements, annuiUes, fees, advowsons, and many other pos- ' '^'"'' 
sessioiiH and lordahipe of the heritage of Mary, one of the 
daughters and «^irs of Humphrey de Bobun, late Earl of 
Hereford, Essex, and Northampton, and Constable of Eng- 
land, our late consort deceased : We, willing that the said 
honors, castles, hundreds, commotes, manors, lands, tene- 
ments, annuities, fees, advowsons, possessions, and lord- 
ships, with their rights, liberties, franchises, and free cus- 
toms whataoever, in the same manner, form, state, and 
condition in which we had and held them before we 
obtained our royal estate, be fully and entirely continued, 
kept, and had to us for the term of our life, do will, and D«i>niida 
by the tenor of these presents of our certain knowledge ^"^^y^ 
do grant, declare, and ordain, that the honors, castles, J;,""J|E** 
hundreds, commotes, manors, lands, tenements, annuities, n„i gbtSuwd 
fees, advowsons, possessions, and lordships aforesaid, with 
their rights, liberties, franchises, and free customs aforesaid, 
so and in such wise, and by such officers and ministers, 

• Tlic origiiinl Clifttti'r docs jiot now I'xisI in llic archivra of llie 
Diicliy of LancM»t(^r. 



idb, Google 



100 

tractari deberent, Bi ad culmen dignitatis regiee assumpti 
minime fuisaemus : Volentes ulterius et concedentee, ac ex 
certa acientia nostra pleuarie decUranles, quod uDiverBi et 
singuli liberi tenentes nostri de honoribus, castris, bun- 
dredis, commotis, maneriis, teiris, tenementis, feodis, pos- 
aeesionlbue et dominiie prsdictis, et hseredes eui, adeo 
liberi sint et in omnibus talis ac adeo liberae et illesae 
conditjonie, tatn in ingresubus suis in hsereditates suas 
po8t mortem antecessorum suorum, quam in tenuris suisi 
ac alias qualitercumque, stent esse poesent et deberent, de 
Gonsuetudine vel de jure, si [dicta] dignitas noatra regia 
nobis nuequam accidiaset, dicta assumptJone nostra dig- 
nitatis regise, aut eo quod hoDores, castra, bundreda, com- 
mota, maDeria, terrse, tenementa, annuitates, feoda, advo- 
cationea, posaessiones et dominia prsedicta in manu nostra 
jam existunt, aeu a]iquibu8 aliis occasionibus, cauus, colo- 
ribus, vel impedimentis quibuscunque, quee incontrariura 
prieseDtis voluntatis, concessionis, et declarationis nostrse, 
vigorem sen effectiim aliquem habere nolumus, in aliquo 
non obstantibus. Proviso semper quod preerogativa nostra 
re^a quoad maritagia et proficua maritagiorum hseredum 
tenenUum nostrorum dominiorum prsedictorum seisienda et 
habenda, locum habeat et vigorem. VolumuB insaper et 
coDcedimus, ac ex certa scientia nostra ordinamus, quod 
universa et singula benefida ecclesiastics ad hoDores, 
castra, hundreda, commota, terras, tenementa, posses- 
siones et dominia prsedicta spectantia, per nos durante 
vita nostra conferantur: Ita quod cancellaiiuB vel the- 
saurarius Angliae pro tempore esistentes, sen quivig alius 
officiarius regius, de collatione vel prfcsentatioue, sen etiam 
de visitatioue beneficiorum hujusmodi, rattone officionim 
BUOTum, se nullatenus intromittant durante vita nostra 
suprodicta. Volumus ctiam ac tenore preesentium coii 



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be in all respects managed, goveraed, and treated, as they 
would have been maoaged, governed, and treated if we had 
never assumed the ensign of royal dignity: Willing, fur- Theunint, 
thermore, and granting, and of our certain knowledge fully ami bon 
declaring, that all and singular our free tenants of the '"™'^'' 
honors, castles, hundreda, commotes, manors, lands, tene- ^^„^ 
meats, fees, possesBions, and lordships aforesaid, and their '™*^' 
heirs, may be as free, and in all respects of euch and of 
as free and unimpaired condition, as well in their entries 
upon their inheritances after the death of their ancestors 
as in their tenures, and otherwise howsoever, as they could 
and ought to be by custom or of right if our said royal 
dignity had never fallen to ua, our said assumption of the 
royal dignity notwithstanding, or notwithstanding that the 
honors, castles, hundreds, commotes, manors, lands, tene- 
ments, annuities, fees, advowsons, posaeseions, and lord- 
ships aforesaid are now in our hands, or any other lets, 
causes, colors, or impediments whataoever, (which we will 
not to have any force or effect to the contrary of this 
our present will, grant, and declaration,) in anywise not- 
withstanding. Provided always that our royal prero- s»in|[<h* 
gative in respect of seizing and having the marriages and ni>ti,.u 
the profits of the marriages of the heirs of our tenants of 
the aforesaid lordships have effect and vigor. We will more- cuanniku at 
over and grant, and of our certain knowledge do ordain, l^unTbtV" 
that all and singular ecclesiastical benefices belonging to '"''"- 
the honors, castles, hundreds, commotes, lands, tenements, 
possessions, and lordships aforesaid shall be conferred by 
us during our life; so that the chancellor or treasurer of 
England for the time being, or any other royal officer, 
do in nowise intermeddle by reason of their offices in the 
collation or presentation, or even in the visitation, of the 
like benefices during our life abovesaid. We will also, 



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cedimua et ordinainus, quod omDes et aiDguU receptores, 
feodarii, firtnarii, ballivi, pnepoaiti, ac quicumque alii ser- 
vientflB et ministri ooetri praedictorum hoDorum, castro- 
nint, buodredorum, connnotorum, maneriorum, terranun. 
tenemetitorum, aDDuitatuin, feodonim, posseBsionum et 
dominionim, de omnibuB et siDgulis deaariis, firmis, red- 
didbuBi exttibuB) reventioiiibus, et proficuis quibuscumque 
de eisdem bonoribus, castriB, bundredis, commotis, man^ 
riis, terris, tenementis, annuitatibus, feodis, posseaaionibus 
et dominiia, qualitercumque provenientibua, coram certia 
auditoribus, officiariia et ministris, per noa de tempore in 
tempua ad hoc limitandis et asaignandia, duntaxat, et 
non coram thesaurario et baronibue de acaccario region 
computent et respondeant. Ita quod tbeaaurariua et 
baronea de acaccario praedicto, de aliquibua hujusmodi 
deuariis, Gnnis, redditibua, esitibuB, reventionibus aut pro- 
ficuis, aeu de aliquibus compotia vel ratiociDiia iade au- 
diendia, habendis, reddendia, vel termmandia, durante vita 
□oatra, ee non intromittant ullo mode. In cujus rei tes- 
timonium has literas nostras fieri fecimua patentes. Teste 
me ipao apud Westmonasterium, quarto decimo die Octo- 
bria, anno re§rni nostri piimo. 

Per ipaum Regem. 



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101 

and by the tenor of these presents do grant and ordain, j 
that all and singular our receivers, feodaries, farmers, t 
baili^ reeves, and other our serrants and ministers wh<v ■ 
soever of the aforesiud honors, castles, hundreds, com- ■ 
motes, manors, lands, tenements, annuiUes, fees, posse»- 
Mons, and lordships, for all and singular sums of money, 
{arms, rents, issues, revenues, and profits whatever in any 
manner procieeding from the same honors, castles, hundreds, 
commotes, manors, lands, tenements, annuities, fees, pos- 
sessions, and lordships, shall account and answer only 
before certain auditors, officers, and ministers from time 
to time to be hereunto limited and assigned by us, 
and not before the treasurer and barons of the royal ex- 
chequer. So that the treasurer and barons of the ex- 
chequer aforesaid shall not in any wise intermeddle during 
our life in any the like monies, hrms, rents, issues, re- 
venues, or profits, or in the auditing, having, rendering, 
or determining any the accounts or reckonings thereol 
In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to 
be made patent Witness ourself at Westminster, on the 
fourteenth day of October, in the first year of our reign. 
By the King himself. 



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De DECLAaATIONE INTENTIONIS ReOIS. 

pENRICUS Dei gratia R«x Angliae et Francis 
^ ^ et Dominufl Hiberaise omnibuB ad quos pr»- 
^ A seDtee literc perreneriat Balutem. Sdatis 
quod cum ducatus LancaatriaB, ac quamplura 
alia comitatuB, honores, castra, maneria, feoda, posses- 
aiones et dominia, infra regnum nostrum Angliie et 
Wallise, ac alibi, noluB tarn per mortem Celebris memo- 
riffi Henrici nuper Ducis LaacastriEB avi noetri, ac ca- 
risaimi domioi et patrie noetri JobaDnis nuper Ducis 
Lancaatrise, necnon cariseimsB dominae et matrie nostrse 
Blanchiae uxoria ejuB, fills et hseredia pnedicti Henrici, 
nobis jure heereditario, antequam ad statum et dignitatem 
regalem rerum DominuB omnium BUa inefiabili dementia 
noe nuperrime evocavit, deecenderint et acciderint, in quibus 
quidem ducatu, comitatibua, honoribuB, castriB, maoeriiB, 
possessionibus et dominiie, di versa libertates, jura re- 
galia, consuetudines et francbesise, dictie progenitoribus et 
ant«cessoribus nostris, qusedam, videlicet, eis et hseredibus 
de corporibus suis exeuntibus, et qusedam eibi et bseredibus 
masculis de corporibuB suis exeuntibus, ac qusedam praeEato 
domino et patri nostro ad teiminum vitse euse, per diversas 
cartas, tarn domini f^lwardi nuper Regis Anglise an nos- 
tri, quam domini Ricardi nuper Regis Angliee Becundi 
post conquestum, eunt et fuerant concessa, prout in cartis 
priedictJB quarum tenores sequuntur in bsec verba, — 

EDWARDUS Dei gratia Rex Angliae et Francise et 
Dominus Hibemise omnibus ad quos prsesentes literse per- 



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xvn. 

A Declaration of the Kimo'h intentioh.* 

^ENRY, by the grace of God, King of England j*^,^ 
and France and Lord of Ireland, to all to *■»■'***■ 
whom the present letters shall come, greets 

^. Kdov ye, that whereas the duchy of rkiuiiiui 
LancaBter, and very many other counties, honors, castles, ^^'"'f 
manors, fees, possessions, and lordships, within our realm ^"'il^ 
of England and Wales and elsewhere, before the Lord of Hrt!!?!''' 
all things so lately in bis unspeakable mercy called us to i^'unX 
the regal estate and dignity, did descend and come unto us 
by hereditary right, by the death as well of Henry of famous 
memory, late Duke of Lancaster, our grandfather, as of our 
most dear lord and father John late Duke of Lancaster, and 
also of our most dear lady and mother Blanche, his wif<^ 
daughter and heiress of the aforesaid Henry ; in which said ■n' »>■■ 
duchy, counties, honors, castles, manors, possessions, and "*^JJ!',^ 
lordships, divers liberties, jtira regalia, customs, and fran- JJI^S'w,'"' 
chises were aud had been granted to our said progenitors Z!^\ir''' 
and ancestors, — to wi^ some to them and the h^rs of their 
bodies issuing, and some to them and the heirs male of 
their bodies issuing, and some to our aforesaid lord and 
father for the term of bis life, — by divers charters as well of 
the lord Edward late King of England, our grandhther, as 
of the lord Richard late King of England, the second after 
the conquest, as is contained more fully in the charters 
aforesaid, the tenors whereof follow in these words: 

EDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England and mh F.b. 
• The original Charter does not now eiirt in the archiica of the *'"■ '*"■ 
Duchy of Lancaster. 



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108 

ven«rint, salutem. Sciatis quod ei nos, debita coneidera' 
tione pensantes geetus msgnificoB cunctorum qui nobis in 
guerrie nostris laudabiliter et strenue servierunt^ ipsos desi- 
deremus bonoribue attollere et pro viribus juxta merita prae- 
miare, quanto magis filios nostros, quos tarn in aapientia quam 
in geetu nobili alios prfecellere conspicimua, et qui nobis 
locum t«Querunt et tenere poterunt potiorem, dob convenlt 
majoribus honoribus et gratiis prserogare. Considerantes 
itaque probitatem strentum et sapienti&m preecellentem 
carissimi filii nostri Jobannis Kegis CastelUe et Legtonis, 
Ducifl Lancastrise, qui laboribus et eipeneie semper se 
nobis obeequiosum exbibuit, pro nobis pluries in necessi- 
tatibuB intrepide se guerrarum discrimintbus exponeudoj et 
Tolentes eo prsetextu ac desiderantes eundem filium nos- 
trum aliquali commodo et honore ad praesens, licet non ad 
plenum, prout digna merita exposcuni, remunerare ; ex 
certa scientia nostra et leeto corde, de assensu prselatorum 
et procerum in instauti parliamento nostro apud Westmo- 
nasterium conrocato existentium, coocessimus, pro nobis et 
h»redibuB nostris, prsefato filio nostro, quod ipse ad totam 
vitam suam babeat infra comitatum Lancastriae cancella» 
riam suam. ac brevia sua sub sigjllo suo pro offido cancel- 
laris deputando consignanda, juatitiarioB buos tam ad pla- 
cita coroDffi quam ad qusecumque alia placita commuoem 
legem tangentia teneoda, ac cognidones eorundem, et quaa* 
cumque executiones per brevia sua et ministroB suos ibidem 
faciendas, et quiecumque alia libertates et jura r^alia ad 
Comitem Palatinum pertiuentia, adeo integre et libere eicut 
Comee Cestriee infra eundem comitatum Cestrise dinoscitur 
obtjnere (decimis quintisdecimis et aliia quotis et subsidiis 
nobis et hteredibus noBtm per communitatem regui nostri, 
et decimis et aliie quotis per clerum ejusdem regni nobis 
concessis et imposterum concedendis, aut eidem clero per 



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France and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present 
letters shall come, greeting. Know ye, that if we, weigh- 
ing with due consideration the noble hearings of all those 
who Isadably and strenuously have served us in our wars, 
be desirous of raising them to honors, and rewarding them 
for their Talor according to their merits, how much more 
doth it become us to advance with greater honors and 
favors our own sons, whom we see exceltiug others as well 
in vnsdom as in noble bearing, and who have stood and 
may stand us in better stead. Considering, therefore, the omtrorui 
streauouB goodness and excellent wisdom of our most dear nuimir in 
son John King of Castille and Leon, Duke of Lancaa- Luuuur, 
ter, who bath ever shewn himself ready to serve us with 
labor and charges, many times in oar need intrepidly 
exposing himself for us to the dangers of war, and being 
willing on that account, and desiring now to reward, 
albeit not in full, the same our son with some benefit 
and honor as his merits worUiily demand, of our certain 
knowledge and with cheerful heart, with the assent of 
the prelates and nobles assembled in our present par- 
liament convoked at Westminster, we have granted, for 
us and our heirs, unto our aforesaid son, that be for the 
whole of his life may have within the county of Lan- 
caster his chancery, and his writs to be sealed under 
bis seal to be deputed for the o£Sce of the chancery, his 
justices to hold as well pleas of the crown as all other 
pleas whatsoever touching the common law, and the cog- 
nisance thereof, and all manner of execution to be made 
by his writs and his ministers there, and all other libera 
ties and ^'um regalia pertaining to a Count Palatine, as tatjmn 
^ely and entirely as the Earl of Chester is well known uinio^ i 
to obtaiu within the same county of Chester: (saving 1"1b<' 
always the tenths, fifteenths, and other contributions 



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104 

sedem apostolicam impositis et imponendis, ac pardcmn* 
tionibus vitse et membrorum in cagu quo aliquts ejiiedem 
comttatuB aut alius in- eodem comitatu pro aliquo delicto 
vitam vel membrum amittere debeat, ac etiam guperioritate 
et potestate corrigeodi ea quce in curiis ejuedem £lii nostri 
ibidem erronice facta fuerint, vel ai idem filius noster aut 
ministri sui in justitja in cuiiis ejusdem 61ii nogtri inibi 
facienda defecerint, semper salvia). Et est intentionis nos- 
trse quod idem filius noster, ad mandata nostra et hseredum 
nostrorum, ad parliamenta et concilia nostra duos milites 
pro communitate comitalug prsedicti et duos burgenses de 
quolibet burgo ejuadera comitatue ad tractandum cum aliia 
de communitate died regni nostri ad eadem parliamenta et 
concilia venientibus de negoUis dicti regni nostri in eiedem 
parliamentis et concilits exponendis mittere teneatur. Et 
quod idem filius noster certos homines fideles et Euffidentes 
ad bujusmodi decimas et quintasdecimas aubeidia et alia 
quota quotiene ea nobis seu bseredifaus nostris in parlia- 
mentis aeu conciliis concedi contigerit assignet; ita quod 
nobis et heeTedibus oostris de sic concessis reapondeatur 
per eoedem. In cujus rei testimonium bas literas nostras 
fieri fecimus patentes. Teste me ipso apud Westmonas- 
terium viceeimo octavo die Februarii, anno regni nogtri 
Angliee quinquag^imo prime, regni vero nostri Francise 
tricesimo octavo. 

RICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglise et Frandse «t Do- 
minus Hibemiffi arcbiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibua, prio- 
ribus, ducibus, comitibus, baronibus, justitiariis, vicecomiti- 
bus, priepositis, ministris, et omnibus bsllivis et fidelibus 
suis, sslutem. Sciatis quod cum dominus Edwardus nuper 
Rex Anglis, avus noster, per cartam suam dedisset et con- 
cessisset carissimo avimculo nostro, filio suo, Jobanni Duci 
Lancastriae, tunc Comiti Lancastriae, nomen et bonorem 



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104 

and subsidies granted and hereafter to be granted to us 
and OUT heirs by the commonalty of our realm, and the 
tenths and other contributions granted and hereafter to 
be granted to us by the clergy of the same our realm, 
or imposed and to be imposed upon the same clergy 
by the apostolic see; — and the pardon of life and limbs 
in case that any person of the same county, or other 
person in the same county, ought for any delict to lose 
his life or limb; — and also the superiority and power 
of correcting those things which shall have been erro- 
neously done there in the courts of our same son, or if 
our same son or his ministers shall have failed in doing 
justice there also in the courts of the same our son.) And ^^^*' '° 
it is our intention that our same son, at the mandates of °|,J''^1.- 
us and our heirs, be held to send to our parliaments and ^"^"pu. 
councils two knights for the commonalty of the shire afore- "*™"*' 
s^d, and two burgesses from every borough of the same 
shire, to treat with the others of the commonalty of our 
said realm coming to the said parliaments and councils 
concerning the aff^rs of our said realm in the same parlia- 
ments and councils to be declared. And that our same son and la ip. 
shall assign certain trusty and sufficient men for the like un of iuik)- 
tenths and fifteenths, subsidies and other contributions, so '^^"'~ 
often as they shall happen to be granted to us or our heirs 
in parliament or council ,- so that we and our heirs may by 
them be answered in respect of such grants. In witness 
whereof we have caused these our letters to be made 
patent. Witness ourself at Westminster, on the twenty 
eighth day of February, in the fifty-first year of our reign 
of England, and the thirty-eighth of our reign of France. 

RICHARD, by the grace of God, King of England and itti rch. 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to bis archbishops, bishops, *»' li**. 
abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, justices, sherifis, reeves^ 



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105 

Ducis et ipaum in Dncem Lancastrite prsfeciseet, ac de 
Madera nomine et honore per cincturam gladii et apposi- 
tjonem cappee suo capiti investivisset, habenda eadem 
nomen et lionorem Ducie Laocastriie, s'lbi et hieredibua 
suis masculis de corpora suo legitime procreatia iroper- 
petuum ; subeequenterque idem avus noster per litems 
Buaa patentee concesmsset pro se et faeerediboB Buis prse- 
fato avunculo nostro quod ipse ad totam vitam suam 
haberet infra comitatum Lancastriae cancellariam euam, 
ac brena sua sub sigillo suo pro offido cancetlariffi de- 
putaodo consigoanda, justitiarios euos tam ad pladta go> 
nnuB quam ad qusecumque alia placita communem legem 
tangentia, teneuda, ac cognidones eonmdem, et quas- 
cumque executionea per brevia sua et ministros suos 
ibidem faciendaa, et qusecumque alia libertates et jura re- 
galia ad Comitem Palatinum pertinentia, adeo libere et in- 
tegre sicut Comes Cestriae infira eundem comitatum Ceatrtae 
dinoBcitur obUnere (decimia quintisdecimis et aliia quotia et 
flubeidiia, eidem aro noatro et bferedibus auia per communi- 
tatem regni aui, et decimia et aliia quotiB per clerum ejua- 
dem regni tunc conceaais et extunc concedendis, aut eidem 
clero per aedem apostolicam impositis et imponendia, ac 
pardonationibuB vitse et membronim, in caeu quo aliquis 
ejusdem comitatus, aut alius in eodem comitatu, pro aliquo 
delicto vitam vel membrum amittere deberet, ac ctiam au- 
perioritate et poteatate corrigendi ea qus in curia ejusdem 
avunculi nostri ibidem erronice facta fuerint, vel [si] idem 
avunculus noster aut ministri sui in justitia in curia sua 
&cienda defecerict, semper salvia) : Et quod idem avun- 
culus noster ad mandata ejusdem avi nostri et hseredum 
suorum ad parliamenta et concilia sua duos milites pro 
communitate comitatua prsedicti et duos burgenaes de 
quolibet burgo ejuadem comitatua ad tractandum, cum 



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■ninisterB, and all his bailiSs and faithful people, greeting. 
Know ye, that whereas the Lord Edward, late King c^ ii«Hiiof 
England, our grandfather, did by his charter give and King Ed*. «. 
grant to his aon, our roost dear uncle, John Duke of ^^^f 
Lancaster, at that time Earl of Lancaster, the name and '^<»'"> 
honor of Duke» and did make him Duke of Lancaster, 
and invest him with the same name and honor by gird- 
ing of the sword and setting upon his head the cap, to 
have the same name and honor of Duke of Lancaster to 
him and his heirs male of his body lawfully begotten for 
ever; and subBequently our same grandfather did by his ui)an,ii 
letters patent grant for himself and his heirs to our afore- tornuBt^ 
Baid uncle, that he for the whole of his life should have ^^^"^ 
within the county of Lancaster his chancery, and faia writs \^l^, m 
to be sealed under his seal to be deputed for the office of 'tt imk^. 
the chancery, his jnsticee to hold as well pleas of the 
crown as all other pleas whatsoever touching the common 
law, and the cognizance thereof and ftU manner of execu- 
tion to be made by bis writs and his minietcrB there, and 
all other liberties and jura r^aiia pertaining to a Count 
Palatine, aa freely and entirely aa the Earl of Chester is 
well known to obtain within the same county of Chester; 
saving always the tenths, fifteenths, and other contribu- 
tions and subsidies then granted and thereaf^r to be 
granted to our same grandfather and his heirs by the 
commonalty of his realm, and the tenths and other con- 
tributions then granted and thereafter to be granted by 
the clergy of the same realm, or imposed and to be im- 
posed upon the same clergy by the apostolic see; and 
the pardon of life and limbs in case that any person of 
the same county, or other person in the same county, ought 
for any delict to lose his life or limb; and also the su- 
periority and power of correcting those things which shall 



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106 

aliis dicti regni ad parliamenta et concilia venientibiifl, de 
negotiis dicli regni in eisdem parliamentia et aliis expo- 
oendis, mittere teneretur: et quod idem avuocuIuB noster 
certoB bomines fideles et Bufficientes ad hujusmodi decimas 
et quintasdecimas subsidia et alia quota, quotiens ea eidem 
avo nostro seu hsredibue Buis in parliamentia aeu con- 
ciliis concedi contingeret, aesignaret; ita quod eidem avo 
nostro de aic concessts respooderetur per eoedem. Ac 
DOB nuper ad prosecutionem ipsius avunculi nostri per peti- 
tionem suam nobis in parliamento nostro apud Gloucestriam 
tento exbibitam, auggerenUs ipsum prattextu dictorum Ter- 
borum generalium scaccarium suum in eodem comitatu 
LancastricB et omnia ad bujusmodi Bcaccarium pertinentia, 
ac jurisdictionem et potestatem faciendi et coDsUtuendi jus- 
titiarios suos itinerantes ad placita forestse et alios justitia- 
rioe ad quaecumque alia placita aseisam forests tangentift 
infra dictum comitatum Lancastrin a tempore concessionis 
dicti an nostri tcnuisse exercuisse et babuisse, de assensu 
prselatorum ducum comitum baronum ht communitatis regni 
nostri Anglise in eodem parliamento existentium, per Uteras 
nostras patentes declara?erimus eundem avunculum nostrum 
omnibus et singulis prsemissisi per ipsum prfetextu dictorum 
Terborum generalium ut prnmittitur usitatis, virtute eorum- 
dem Terborum generalium utl posse et debere ; et ulteriua 
de gratia nostra speciali concesserimuSi pro nobis et luere- 
dibuB noetns, eidem avunculo nostro, quod ipse scaccarium 
suum in dicto comitatu Lancastrise, et barones et alios 
ministros in eodem scaccario necessarios, necnon jurisdic- 
tiones executiones et consuetudines quascumque in scac- 
cario nostro Anglise rationabiliter usitatae babeat in eodem 
scaccario suo et eis ibidem ptene gaudeat et rationabiliter 
utatur: et quod babeat jurisdictionem et potestatem fa- 
ciendi et constituendi juslitiarios suos itinerantea ad placita 



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106 

have been erroneously done there in the court of our 
same uncle, or if our s&me uncle or hie miDleters ehould 
have failed in doing justice in his court. And that our 
same uncle, at the mandate of the same our grandfatber 
and his heirs, should be held to send to his parliaments 
and councils two knights for the commonalty of the shire 
aforesaid, and tvo burgesses firom every borough of the 
same shire, to treat with the others of the said realm 
coming to the parliaments and councils concerning the 
affairs of the eaid realm in the same parliaments and 
councils to be declared : and that our same uncle should 
assign certain trusty and sufficient men for the like tenths 
and fifteenths, subsidies and other contributions, so often 
as they should happen to be granted to our same grand- 
father or his heirs in parliament or council ; so that our 
same grandfather might by them be answered in respect 
of such grants. And we lately, at the prosecution of our Rtdui oi 
same uncle by his petition to us exhibited in our parlia- ■•i>r7i£?i- 
ment holden at Gloucester, (suggesting that by pretext of the ^'Jjl^'njkcv 
said general words be had bad, exercised, and held from the {1111^0«', 
time of the grant of our said grandfather his exchequer in 
the same county of Lancaster, and all things to such ex- 
chequer pertaining, and the jurisdiction and power of 
making and appointing his justices in eyre for pleas of 
the forest^ and other justices for all manner of other pleas 
touching the assize of the forest within the said county of 
Lancaster,) with the assent of the prelates, dukes, earJs, d«urin(, 
barons, and the commons of our realm of England in the rin^or 
same parliament assembled, by our letters patent did """jl",^ 
declare that our same uncle should and might be able, »■<>■■<«. 
by virtue of the sud general words, to use all and every 
the premises by him used by pretext of the same general 
words as is premised ; and further, of our espet^ grace 



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107 
foreetee et alioe justitiarios ad queecumque alia pladta aesi- 
sam foresUe tangenUa iati^ dictum comitatum Lancastrise 
tenenda durante vita ipBius avunculi Doetii (placitifl tamen 
et querelis aliis quibuacumque, ubi nos vel hsredes nostri in 
dicto scaccario vel coram priefatis justitiariis partes fuerimus 
vel fieri conUugat, emergeutibus semper salviB) ; et volueri- 
muB, quod omnia verba geDeralia id concesaione ejusdem avi 
noetri prsedicta contenta in suo robore permaoeaot durante 
vita arunculi nostri eupradicti, declaratioDe et concesuone 
praedictiB eon obstantibus, prout in carta et literis prsdictis 
plenius continetur. Jamque prfefatus avunculus noster 
nobis supplicaverit, ut Ubertates francheBiaa privile^a jura 
regaUa supradicta, et onmia alia et singula sibi superiua 
concessa, obi et heeredibus suis masculie de corpore suo 
exeuntibus concedere dignemur, habenda eodem modo ricut 
ea jam habet, una cum dicto nomine Duds Lancaatrie 
perpetuis temporibus succesuvis. Nos probitatem stre- 
Duam et sapienUam excellentissitDam prsefati avunculi noa- 
tri, qui se laboribus et expensia ac conailiis continuis nolna 
et regno nostro obsequiosam pariter et fructuosum semper 
retroactis temporibus esbibuit et exfaibet indefesse, debits 
consideratione pensantea, ac aperantes indubie bseredes euoa 
masculos de corpore suo legitime procreatos vestigia pro- 
genitorum euorum qui ex tarn nobili progenie regali proce»- 
serunt, divina mediante dementia, in sapientia strenuitate 
et honore sequi debere, et nobis et hieredibus nostris ac 
regno nostro maximo valere et locumtenere posse infuta* 
rum. Et voleotes prsemissorum intuitu supplicationi prse- 
dictse annuere gratiose, de aseensu prtesentis parliunenti 
nostri, Ifeto corde et ex certa scientia nostra concessimus 
pro nobis et haeredibus nostris, praerato avunculo nostro 
quod ipse et bseredes sui masculi de corpore suo legitime 
]>rocreati babcant iufi-a comitatum Laucastriae caucellariam 



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we did grant, for us and our heira, to our Bame uncle, iha i>uk> 

that he might have hie exchequer in the said county of hti™iehe."* 

Lancaster, and barons and other ministers neceesaiy la 

the same exchequer, and also all jurisdictions, executions, 

and customs whatsoerer in the same his exchequer which 

are reasonably used in our exchequer of England, and 

might fully and reasonably use and enjoy them there; 

and that he might have the jurisdiction and power of «d Moim. 

making and appointing his justices in eyre to hold pleas ^ffL'^'^* 

of the forest, and other justices to hold all manner of 

other pteaa touching the assize of the forest, within the 

said county of Lancaster, during the life of our same 

uncle (saving always nevertheless all manner of other 

pleas and plaints arising in the said exchequer, or before 

the aforesaid justices, where we or our heirs should be, 

or should happen to be made, parties) ; and we did will dufDi a* . 

that all the general words contained in the aforesaid grant 

of our same grandfather should remain in force during the 

life of our abovesaid uncle, notwithstanding the declaration 

and grant aforesaid, as in the charter and letters aforesaid 

more fully is contuned. And now our aforesaid uncle ihiduIm 

hath besought us that we Would deign to grant the above- tit\«u^ im, 

said liberties, franchises, privU^es, jura regalia, and all '"*'■' 

and every other the things to him above granted, to him 

and his heirs male of his body issuing, to have in the 

same manner as be now bath them, together with the sud 

name of Duke of Lancaster in all times to come. W& m ttaMn. 

^ mm DThli 
weif^ng with due consideration the strenuous probity and locninntu 

most excellent wisdom of our aforesaid uncle^ who hath 
ever shewn himself in times past, and unweariedly con- 
tinues to prove, very ready to serve us and our realm, and 
at the same time most profitably, with his continual labor, 
charges, and counsel { and hoping undoubtedly that his 



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Buam ac brevia sua sub sigillo suo pro officio caDcellaris 
deputando conaervanda, justitiarios suos tarn ad plaoita 
corooae quam ad qusecumque alia platnta communem legem 
tangentia tenenda, ac cognidones eorundem, et quascum* 
que executiones per brevie sua et ministroe suos ibidem 
fociendas, et qusecumque alia libertates et jura regalia ad 
Comitem Palatinum pertinentia, adeo libere et integre sicut 
Cornea Cestrix dinoecitur obtiu'ere. Et quod habeant acac- 
cariuin auum in dicto comitatu Lancastriae ac barones et 
alios iDiniatros in eodem acaccario necesaarios, uecDon 
jurisdictiones executionea et consuetudines quascumque in 
scaccario nostro Angli» rationabiliter usitatas, et eis ibidem 
plene gaudeant et rationabiliter utaDtur. Et quod habeant 
jurisdictionem et potestatem faciendi et constituendi justi- 
tiarios auos itinerantea ad placita foreatie et alios justitia- 
rios ad quaacumque alia placita assisam forestae tangectia 
infra dictum comitatum Lancastrue tenenda imperpetuum 
(placitjs tamen et querelis quibuecumque, ubi noa vel hsere- 
dee noatri in dicto acaccario vel coram praefatis juatitiariis 
partes fuerimus vel fieri contingat, emergentibua, ac ded- 
mia quintisdecimis et aliis quoUs et subudiis nobis et bsre- 
dibus nostria per communitatem regni noatri, et decimia et 
aliia quotia per clerum ejusdem regni concessis et exnunc 
concedendis, aut eidem clero per aedem apoatolicam impo- 
aitis et imponendis, ac pardonationibus vitce et membrorum 
in casu quo aliquis ejusdem comitatus, aut alius in eodem 
comitatu, pro delicto aliquo vitatn vel m^nlHum amittere 
debeat, ac etiam euperioritate et potestate corrigendi ea 
quae in curia ejusdem avunculi nostri vel dtctorum hsaredum 
guorum ibidem erronice beta fuerint, vel [si] idem avunculus 
noster sen dicti beeredes sui, aut eorum mtnistri, in justitia 
in curia aua ^ienda dcfecerint, semper salvis). Et quod 
idem avunculus noster et dicti hasredea siii, ad mandala 



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108 

heirs male of his body lawfully begotten ought through 
the medifttion of Divine Men^ to follow the footsteps of 
their ptogeniton, who have proceeded from so noble and 
royal a stock, in wiBdom, honor, and prowess, and that 
tbey will be able, in times to come, mightily to av»I and 
stand ourselves and our heirs and our realm in good stead, 
and being willing in regard of the premises graciously to 
assent to tlie aforesud petition, with the assent of our pre- 
sent parliament, of our certain knowledge, and with cheer- 
ful heart, do grant for us and our heirs to our aforesaid Etinu'ko 
uncle, that he and his heirs male of his body lawfully ■iliuli.i. 
b^otten may have within the county of Lancaster their lu^V ' 
chancery, and their writs to be sealed under their seal to ^^^f,- 
be deputed for the office of the chancery, their justices to ^''^Jf 
hold as well pleas of the crown as all other pleas whatso- 
ever touching the (»mmon law, and the cognizance thereof, 
and all manner of execution to be made by their writs 
and their miniBters there, and all other liberties and jura udiiH 
regalia pertaining to a Count Palatine, as fteely and entirely fS^u^iix 
as the Earl of Chester is well known to obtain. And that chmln 
they may have their exchequer in the said county of Lan- «cbeqnar 
caster, and barons and other ministers necessary in the «dtarM» 
same exchequer, and also all jurisdictioDS, eiecutions, and 
customs whatsoever, which are reasonably used in our 
exchequer of England, and may fully and reasonably use 
and enjoy them there ; and that they may have the juris- mmi «pDaiBt 
diction and power of making and appointing their justices j<utien>f 
in eyre to hold pleas of the forest, and other justices to 
bold all manner of other pleas touching the assize of the 
forest within the said county of Lancaster for ever. Saving ainpt wh.r. 
always, nevertheless, all manner of other pleas and plaints p"}- 
ariung in the said exchequer, or before the aforesaid jus- 
tices, where we or our heirs shall be, or shut] happen to 



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109 

luwtra et tueredam noitronun, ad pariiRmeiita et concilia 
nostra et haBredum noBtronim duos militeB pro communi- 
tate comitBtus prsedicti et duos burgeiises de quolibet 
burgo ejusdem comitatus adtractandum cum aliis diet! regni 
noBtii ad parliamenta et concnlia venieBtibus de De^tiis 
dicti regal in eiadem parliamentis et aliis exponendia mittere 
teneantur. Et quod idem avunculus ooster et hsredee sui 
prgedicti certos hominefl fidelea et sufficientes ad hujusmodi 
detnmas et quintaadecimas subaidia et alia quota, quodens 
ea nobis aut bseredibus noatria in parliamentis sen cod- 
ctliia concedi oontigerit, aaeignent ; ita quod nobis et hae- 
redibuB noatria de eic concesaia reapondeatur per eosdem. 
Quare volumuB et firmiter prscipimua quod idem avuncultis 
noster et hseredei sui preedicti babeant et teneant omnia 
et singula libertates francbesias privil^a scaccarium juf« 
regalia et alia supradicta una cum dictia nomine et honore 
Duds Lancastriee (exceptis prsexceptia) eodem modo ac 
adeo libere et integre sicut idem aTunculus noBter ea ad 
prsesena babet et tenet, imperpetuum, sicut priedictum est 
Hiia testibus Willielmo Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi totius 
Angliae Primate, Thoma Archiepiscopo Eboracen» Angli» 
Primate^ Roberto Londinensi, Willielmo Wintoniensi, Can- 
cellario nostro, Jobanne Menerensi, Theaauraiio nostra, 
Episcopis, Edmundo Eborum,Tboma GlouceatriEe, Ducibus, 
avunculis nostris carissimis, Ricardo Arundellise, Willielmo 
Sarum, Henrico NortJiumbriee, Comitibus, Ricardo Le- 
scrop, Johanue Devereux, Senescallo hospitii nostri, et 
aliis. Data per manum nostram apud Westmonasterium, 
sextodecimo die Februarii, anno regni nostri tertiodecimo. 

RICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglite et Franciie et Do. 
minus Hibernia:, archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, prt- 
oribus, ducibus, comitibus, baronibus, juatitiariis, nceco- 
mitibus, prEepositie, ministris, et omnibus balliris et fide- 



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be made, partiea ; and saving always the tenths, fifteenths, bkIhk or 

and other contributions and eubsidies granted and here- ^'.lU 

after to be granted to us and our h^rs by the commonalty ^™*- 

of our realm, and the tenths and other contributions granted 

or hereafter to be granted by the clergy of the same realm, 

or imposed and to be imposed upon the same clergy by the 

apoBtolic see ; and the pardon of life and limba in case that pudtB m 

any person of the same county, or other person in the same 

county, ought for any delict to lose his life or limb; and ud«mc- 

also the superiority and power of correcting thoee things om*iti«f 

which shall hare been erroneously done there in the court 

of our same uncle or bis said heirs; or if our same uncle, winbiiun 

or his said heirs or their ministers, shall lul in doing ju^ 

iice in thnr court And that our same uncle and his said tha ouk* 

heirs, at the mandates of us and our heirs, shall be held to i^in u> ^nd 

send to the parliaments and councils of us and our heirs ^,h^"|„ 

two knights for the commonalty of the shire aforesaid, aud ^^ 

two burgesses from every borough of the same shire, to 

treat with the others of our said realm coming to the par> 

liamenta and councils concerning the afiairs of the said 

realm in the same parliamente and councils to be declared : 

and that our same uncle and bis belts shall assign certain «idioMiitn 

trusty and sufficient men for the like tenths and fifteenths, ■ubitdi» 

subsidies, and other contributions, so often as they shall r™^ 

happen to be granted to us or our heirs in parliament or 

council ; so that we and our heirs may by the same men 

be answered in respect of such grants. Wherefore we will 

and strictly command that our same uncle and his beira 

aforesaid shall have and hold all and every the abovewud 

liberties, franchises, privileges, exchequer, jura regaUa, 

and other things, together with the said name and honor Tuieor 

of Duke of Lancaster, except as before excepted, in the lukmui. 

eame manner and as Irecly and entirely as our same uncle 



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no 

libus auis, salutem. InspeximuB caitam Domini Edwardi 
nuper Regis Anglise, art noBtri, fectam in heoc verba: 
EDWARDUS Dei gratia Hex Anglise Domious Hi- 
bemin et Aquitanise, arcbiepiscopiB, eplscopis, abbadbus, 
prioribuB, comiUbuB, baronibus, ^uBtitiariia, vicecomitibiu, 
praeponUe, miuistriB, et omnibua baUivie et fidelibus biub 
salutem. SciatiB quod cum nuper coneiderantes qualiter 
comitatUB Lancastriee, et plura castra, villse, maneria, 
terrse, et tenemeDta, cum pertinentiis, tarn in comitatibus 
Liocolaife et Derbi» quam in diverns aliis comitatibus 
regni nostri, qiue fuenint Hen rid nuper Du<ub Lao- 
castrise et Comitis I^ncolnise et Derbis: poet mortem ip- 
Bius Duels, (qusedam, videlicet, ad Jobannem Comitem 
RichemondiK filium nostniiQ carissimum et Blanchiam 
uxOrem ejus unam filiarum et hseredum prsdicti Docis, 
juxta partitionem inter ipeos et Matildem tunc alteram 
filiarum et haeredum ipsius Dutns Eactam per descensum 
hsreditarium fuerint devoluta, et qusedam eisdem Comiti 
et Blancbise, juxta ordinaUonetn et concesmonem prsedictt 
Duds dum rixit, sub certa forma sunt remansura,) ac vo- 
lentes pfoinde eidem filio noatro, ut se juxta status sui 
nobilitatem decentius manutenere valeat, gratiam facere 
specialem» concesserimus pro nobis et hseredibus nratna 
preefato Johaoni nunc Comiti Lancastrise et Richemondiee, 
quod ipse et hsredes sui de corpore buo et corpora pne- 
dictse Blancbiae legitime procreali imperpetuum haberent re- 
toma omnium brevium nostrorum et huredum nostrorum, 
et omnia placita de vetito namio in terris et feodis de 
luereditate preedicti Ducis, qufe tunc in manibuB ipsorum 
ComitJB et Blanchisi extJterunt, et quce impoatenun eis 
juxta ordinationem et concessionem prssdictas sunt reman- 
sura cum ad manus suas devenerint; et etiam omnes fines 
et amerciamcnta omnium hominum et tenentium suorum, 



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110 

at present has and holds them, for ever, as is aforesaid. 
These being witneBses, William Archbishop of Cauterr 
bury. Primate of all England ; TliomaB Archbishop of 
York, Primate of England; Robert Biahop of London; 
William Bishop of Winchester, our Chaocellor; John 
Bishop of Saint David's^ our Treasurer; our most dear 
uncles, Edmund Duke of York, and Thomas Duke of 
Gloucester; Richard Earl of Arundel; William Earl of 
Salisbury; Henry Ear] of Northumberlaod ; Richard Le- 
scrope; John Devereux, Steward of our household, and 
others. Given under our hand at Westminster, on the 
sixteenth day of February, in the thirteenth year of our 
reign. 

RICHARD, by the grace of God, King of England and **t^ '<"<*. 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to his archbisbopa, Inshops, *-■>• i'^- 
abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, justices, sheriff reeres, 
ministers, and all his bailiffs and futbful people greeting. 
We have inspected the charter of the Lord Edward, late 
King of England, our grandfather, made in these words: 
EDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England, Lord ixk u». 
of Ireland and Aquitaine, to his archbishopa, bishops, ab- in. "it.' 
bots, priors, earls, barons, justices, sheriffs, reeves, minis- 
ters, and all his bulifis and faithful people, greeting. Know rmiui or 
ye, that whereas we, lately considering bow that the county <iu«i luh 
of Lancaster, and many castles, towns, manors, lands, and " ^■'- * 
tenements, with their appurtenances, as well in the coun- 
ties of Lincoln and Derby, as in divers other counties of 
our realm, which were of Henry late Duke of Lancaster 
and Earl of Lincoln and Derby, lately after the death of 
the same Duke had devolved, to wit, some by hereditary 
descent, upon John Earl of Richmond, our most dear son, 
and Blanche bis wife, one of the daughters and co-heirs 
of the aforesaid Duke, according to the partition made 



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Ill 

ubicumque ipsos homines et tenentes id cnriis noBtriB et 

hEeredum noetroram ameraari v«l fines facere contioge- 
ret, necnon omnia catalla omniam hominum et teneDtium 
Buonim felonum et fugitiTorum et dampnatArum, prout io 
earta nostra inde confecta plenius continetur. Ac jam 
omnia teme et tenementa cum pertinentiiB quae prsdicta 
Matildis tenuit in propartem auam pnedictam, de omnibus 
terris et tenementis prrodictia quae foenuit prsedicU Ducis, 
necnon qusedam alia terras et tenementa cum pertinentUs in 
comitatibus Norfolci» et Suffolcise quee eadem MatildiB 
tenuit de heereditate ipsius Ducis eK dono et feoffamento Jo- 
bannis Episcopi LincobiieoBie, Ricardi ComiUs Arundelliae, 
Robert! de la Mare, Johannis de Buklond, JohanniB Char- 
nela, Walteri Power, Simonis Symeon et Johannis Neu- 
marcbe, per mortem ejusdem Matildis praebtia ComiU et 
Biancbiae, ut sorori et haeredi praedicts Matildis jure 
haereditario descenderint Nos volentes prsedictos Comi- 
tem et Blanchiam favore prosequi gratioscs concesumus 
et bac carta nostra confirmavimus priehto Comiti quod 
ipse et hseredes sui de corpore suo et corpore prcedicts 
Blanchis legitime procreati imperpetuum babeant retoma 
omnium brevium nostrorum et hieredum nostrorum, et 
omnia pUcita de vetito namio, tarn in terris et feodis quae 
iidem Ck>me8 et Blancbia de proparte ipsius Blaocbia: 
praedicta, quam in terris et feodis quee fuerunt pncdJcUe 
Matildis et quK ipsi Comes et Blancbia ut soror et hseres 
ejusdem Matildis jam tenent de hiereditate prsedicta, et 
etiam in terris et feodis, quae eisdem Comiti et Blancbis 
aunt de eadem hsereditate impoaterum remansura vel rever- 
Bura, cum ad manus suas devenerint, et etiam omnes fines 
et amerciamenta omnium hominum et tenentium suonim 
ubicumque ipsos homines et tenentes in curiis nostris et 
hieredum nostrorum amerciari vel fines facere contigerit; 



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Ill 

between them and Matilda, the then other daughter and 
co-heir of the same Duke, and Bome were to remain, under 
a certain form, to the aame Earl and Blandie, according to 
an ordinance and grant of the aforesaid Duke whilst he 
lived, and being willing, therefore, to shew especial fiiTor 
to tbe same our son, in order that he might the more de- 
cently maintun himself according to the nobility of bis 
station, did grant for us and our heirs to the aforesaid John 
now Earl of Lancaster and Hichmood, that he and bis 
heirs of his body and the body of the aforesaid Blanche, 
lawfully begotten, for ever should have the return of all 
writs of us and our heirs, and all pleas of withemant in the 
lands and fees of tbe heritage of tbe aforesaid Duke, which 
dien were in the hands of the same Earl and Blanche, and 
which thereafter were to r^nain to tbem according to the 
ordinance and grant aforesaid, when they should come into 
their hands ; and also all fines and amercements of all their 
men and tenants wheresoever it should happen that such 
men and tenants, should make fine or be amerced in tbe 
courts of us and our heirs ; and also all the chattels of all 
their men and tenants, being felons and fugitives and per- 
sons condemned, as in our charter thereof made more fully 
is contained. And now all the lands and tenements, with *<») it«»i,( 
their appurtenances, which the aforesaid Matilda held as g'^^°h "the 
her purparty aforesaid of all the lands and tenements afore- J^".'""*'* 
said which were of the aforesaid Duke, and also certun 
other lands and tenements, with appurtenances, in the 
counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, which the same Matilda 
held of tbe inheritance of the same Duke by the gift and 
feoflment of John Bishop of Lincoln, Richard Earl of 
Arundel, Robert de la Mare, John de Buklond, John Char- 
nels, Walter Power, Simon Symeon, and John Neumarche, 
have by the death of the same Matilda descended by bere- 



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lis 

necnon omnia catalla omnium hominum et tenendum 
suorum, felonum et fugitiTonim et dampnatonim. Quare 
Tolumiis et finniter pnecipimus pro nobis et hseredibus 
noetris quod pnedictuB Comes et hnredes sui prsedicti 
imperpetuum habeant retoma omnium brevium nostrorum 
et hseredum noBtrorum, et omnia placita de retito namio 
in terriB et feodis suia prsedictis ; ac. omnes fines et anier- 
(namenta omnium hominum et tenentium suorum prae- 
dictorum, ubicumque ipsos homines et tenentes in curiis 
nostris et hffiredum nostrorum amerciari vel fines facere 
conti^rit; ac etiam omnia catalla omnium hominum et 
tenentium suorum, felonum, fugitivorum, et dampnatorum, 
sicut prtedictum est, et eodem modo quo Henricus nuper 
Comes Laucastris pater prsedicti Ducis, vel idem Dux, 
quibus con^miles Ubertates in terris et feodis suis ha- 
bendas succesave per cartas nostras conceseimus, easdem 
libertates habuit et eis rationabiliter uti consuevit Hiis 
testibus S. Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi toUus Anglis Pri- 
mate, W. Wintonicnsi Episcopo Cancellario nostro, S. 
Eliensi Episcopo Thesaurario nostro, Edwardo Principe 
Wallise primogenito nostro carissimo, Ricardo Arundetliie, 
Thoma Warwici, et Willielmo Sanim, Comitibus, et aliis. 
Data per manum noatram apud WeBtmonasterium duo- 
decimo die Mmi, anno regni nosCri tricesimo sexto. IN- 
SPEXIMUS eUam quandam cartam nostram factam in 
hfcc verba: RICABDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglise et 
Francixe et Dominue Hibemise, omnibus ad quos prsesentes 
literse perveoennt, salutem. Inspeximus quandam cartam 
carissimi Domini et avi nostri Domini Edwardi nuper Regis 
Angliffi defuncti, nuper factam carissimo avunculo nostro 
Jobanni Regi CastelUe et Legjonie Duci Lancastriee, filio 
ipsius avi nostri, per nomen Johannis Ducis Lancastrise, 
et Blanchiffi nuper uxori ejus in hec verba: Ea»'AaDos 



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diUiy light to the aforesaid Earl aod Blanche, as uster and 
heir of the aforesud Matilda :— We, willing to pursue with 
our gradous favor the aforesaid Earl and Blanche, have 
granted and by this our charter have confirmed to the 
aforesaid Earl, that he and his heirs of his body and the 
body of the aforesaid Blanche, lawfully begotten, for ever 
may have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and Rttunof 
all pleas of withernam, as well In the lands and fees which pieu <* 
the same Earl and Blanche now hold of the aforesaid pur- 
party of the same Blanche, as in the lands and fees which 
were of the aforesaid Matilda, and which the same Earl, 
and Blanche as sister and heir of the same Matilda, now 
hold of the inheritance aforesaid, and also in the lands and 
fees of the same inheritance which are hereafter to remain 
or revert to the same Earl and Blanche, when they shall 
come into their hands; and also all finee and amercements pinwud 
of all their men and tenants wheresoever the same men and ■»»>*■ 
tenants shall happen to make fine or be amerced in the 
courts of us and our heirs ; and also all the chattels of all chuieii ut 
their men and tenants, being felons and fugitives and per- 
sons condemned. Wherefore we will and strictly command 
for us and our heirs, that the aforesaid Earl and his heirs 
aforesaid for ever shall have the return of all writs of us 
and our heirs, and all pleas of vritbemam in their lands and 
fees aforesaid; and all fines and amercements of all their 
men and tenants aforesaid, wheresoever the same men and 
tenants shall happen to make fine or be amerced in the 
courts of us and our heirs ; and also all the chattels of their 
men and tenants, being felons and fugitives and persons 
condemned, as is aforesaid, and in the same manner in 
which Henry late Earl of Lancaster, father of the afore- 
said Duke, or the same Duke, to whom we granted by our 
charters successively to have the like liberties In Uieir lands 



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Dei gratia Rex Anglite, Dominus Hiberni» et Aquita- 
u\Bi, archiepiscopia, episcopiB, dudbus, abbatibus, pri- 
oribuB, comitibus, baronibus, juBUttariis, vicecomitibust 
prsepositis, ministna, et omnibus baltivis et fidelibus Buis, 
Balutem. ScialiB quod cum nos nuper septimo die Maii 
anno regni nostri sexto decimo per cartam Dostram con- 
cesserimus pro nobia et hieredlbus noatria Henrico tunc 
Comiti Lancaatrite quod ipse et hseredes sui do corpore suo 
procreati et omnes bomines sui imperpetuum esBent quieti 
de pavagio passagio paagio lastagio Btallagio taliagio cari- 
agio pesaj^o picca^o et terragio per totum r^num et 
potestatem noBtram ; et quod idem Comes et heredes sui 
prsedicti imperpetuum baberent retoma omnium breTiam 
nostroTum et hteredum noatrorum ac summonitionum de 
BCBCcario noBtro et hBredum nostrorum, et attacbiamen- 
ta tam de placitis corons quam de aliia quibuacunque in 
omnibus terns et feodis suia; ita quod nullus Ticecomes 
vel alius ballivus aeu minister noster vel hieredum noatro- 
rum terras aeu feoda ilia iogrederetur ad executionee eoniD- 
dem brevium et aummonitionum, seu ad attacbiamenta 
de placitis coronfc vel aliis pnedict^a aut aliquod aliud offi- 
dum ibidem fadendura, nisi in defectum ipsiuB Comitis et 
hseredum auorum prsedictorum ac ballivorum et miniatro- 
rum suorum in tenia et feodia suis prsdictia. Et quod 
baberent catalla hominum et tenentium Buonun felonum 
et fugitivorum; ita quod Bi quia bominum vel tenentium 
auorum pro delicto buo vitam vel membrum deberet amit- 
tere vel fugeret et judicio stare nollet vel aliud quodcum- 
que delictum faceret pro quo catalla sua deberet perdere, ubi- 
cunque justida de eo fieret, aive in curia nostra vel htere- 
dum nostrorum aive in alia curia, ipsa catalla eaaaat ipetua 
Comitis et hteredum suorum prsedictomm, et quod liceret 
eis vel ministris suia aine impedimento nostri vel bseredum 



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ns 

and fees, had the Bane liberties and was accustomed reason- 
ably to use them. These b^ng witnesBes, Simon Arcb- 
bisbop of Canterbury, Primate of all England; WilUain 
Bishop of Winchester, our Chimcellor; Simon Bishop of 
Ely, our Treasurer; Edward Prince of Wales, our moat 
dear eldest son; Richard Earl of Arundel; Thomas Earl 
of Warwick ; and William Earl of Salisbury, and others. 
Given under our hand at Westminster on the twelfth day 
of May, in the thirty-sixth year of our reign. WE have in- 
spected also s certain charter of ours made in these words : 
RICHARD, by the grace of God, King of England and i»i> sept. 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present let- *■■■ '*"■ 
ters shall come, greeting. We hare inspected a certun 
charter of our most dear Lord and grandfather Lord Ed- 
ward, late King of England, deceased, lately made to our 
dearest uncle John King of Castille and Leon, Duke of Lan- 
caster, son of our same grandbther, by name of John Duke 
of Lancaster, and to Blanche, late his wife, in these words: 
EowARDf by the grace of God, King of England, Lord 'J'^^'^j 
of Ireland and Aquitaine, to his archbishops, bishops, *■"■ ''"- 
dukes, abbots, priors, earla, barons, justices, sheriSs, reeves, 
Dunisters, and all liis bailifib and faithful people, greeting. 
Know ye, that whereas we did lately, on the seventh day bmim of 
of May, in the sixteenth year of our reign, grant by our rm uv. 
charter, for us and our heirs, to Henry then Earl of Lan- ^""f Jj„. 
caster, that he and his heirs of his body begotten, and '"'"' 
all his men for ever, should be quit of paviage, passage, 
payage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carriage^ pesage, picage, 
and groundage throughout all our realm and dominions; 
and that the same Earl and his heirs aforesaid for ever 
should have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and 
summons of the exchequer of us and our beirs, and the 
attachment as well of pleas of the crown as of other pleas 
<t 2 



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114 

noatrorum Ticecomitum aut aliorum ballivoram seu mi- 
nistrorum nostroram quorumcunque ponere se in seisi- 
nom de catallis pnedictis «t ea ad usum ipsius Comitis et 
hseredum Buorum pnedictorum retinere. Et etiam quod 
baberent imperpetuum omnes fines pro transgreesionibus 
et aliis delicUe quibiiBCunque et fines pro licentia concor- 
dandi) et omnia amerciamenta redemptiones et exituB 
forisfactos ; ac forisfacturas, annum diem vastum et 
etreppum, et omnia qnse ad nos et hseredes nostros per- 
tjnere possent de hujusmodi anno die vseto et murdris 
de omnibus hominibuB et tenentibus de terris et feodta 
Buie quibuscunque in quibuecunque curiis noBtriB et hsere- 
dum nostrorum homines et tenentes illos, tam coram nobis 
et heeredibua noatris, et in cancellaria nostra et bsredum 
nostrorum, et coram tbesaurario et banmibus nostris et 
hseredum nostrorum de ecaccario, et coram justitiariis 
nostris et heeredum nostrorum de banco, et coram eenea- 
callo et marescalliB seu clerico mercati hospitii nostri et 
hseredum nostrorimi, ac aliis curiis nostris et heeredum 
nostrorum, quam coram justitiariis itinerantibus ad com- 
munia placita et ad placita forests et quibuscunque aliis 
jiietitiariis et ministris nostris et hseredum nostrorum, tam 
in prsesentia nostra et heeredum nostrorum quam in ab- 
sentia nostra et hseredum nostrorum, fines facere vel 
amerciari, exitus foriafacere, annum diem et vastum seu 
forisfacturas et murdra adjudicari contingeret; quse fines, 
amerciamenta, redemptiones, exitus, annus dies vaetum 
give Btreppum, foriafacturo; et murdra, ad nos vel hsere- 
des QOstros pertinere posaent, si preefato Comiti et hse- 
redibus suis praedictis concessa nou fuissent Ita quod 
idem Comes et hseredes sui prsedicti, per se vel per balli- 
vos et ministros sues, fines, amerciamenta, redemptiones, 
exitus, et forisfacturas hujusmodi hominum et tenen- 



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114 

whatsoever in all their lands and fees; so that no eheriff or 
other bailiff or minister of us or our heirs should enter 
those lands or fees to execute the same writs and summons, 
or to make attachment of the pleas of the crown or other 
pleas aforesaid, or to do any other office there, unless in 
default of the same Earl and his heirs aforesaid, and their 
batli£fe and ministers in their lands and fees aforesud. 
And that they should have the chattels of their men and 
tenants heing felons and fugitives; so that if any one of 
their men or tenants ought to lose life or limb for bis 
oflence, or should See «id be unwilling to stand his 
trial, or commit any other offence for t^e which be 
ought to lose his chattels, wheresoever justice should 
be bad of him, whether in the court of us or our heirs, 
or in any other court, such chattels should belong to the 
same Earl and his heirs aforesiud, and that it should be 
lawful for them or their ministers, without binderance of 
us or our heirs, or of our sherifis or other bailifis or mi- 
nisters whomsoever, to put themselves in seizin of the 
chattels aforesaid, and to retain them to the use of the 
same £arl and his heirs aforesaid. And also that they 
should have for ever all fines for trespasses and other 
offences whatsoever, and fines for licence to agree, and 
all amercements, ransoms, and forfeited issues and for- 
feitures, year, day, waste, and estrepement, and all things 
which could pertain to us and our heirs of the like year, 
day, and waste, and murders, in respect of all the men and 
tenants of their lands and fees whatsoever, in any soever 
of the courts of us and our heirs, where such men and 
tenants should happen to make fine, or be amerced or 
forfeit issues, or such year, day, and waste, or forfeitures 
and murders happen to be adjudged, as well before us 
and our heirs, and in the chancery of ua and our heirs, 



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dum Buorum pnedictorum, et omnia qiise ad noe et bsera- 
des noetroa pertinere possent de ftnno die at vaato sive 
Btreppo et murdnB priedictis, levare perdpere et habere 
posBenI,— «ae occasione vel impedimeiito nostri aut baei^- 
dum BOBtronun, justidariorum, eBCaetorum, Ticecomitum, 
coronatorum, aut aliorum balliTomin seu miDiBtrorum ntw- 
troram quonimcunque. Quam quidem cartam post mor- 
tem prsedicti ComiUa Henricus filius et heeres ejuadem 
Comitis, cui omnia ten-se et tenementa qu» Aierunt ipaiiu 
Comitia jure bsereditario desceadebant^ nobis ex certis 
causis reddidit cancellandam, et ea de causa carta ilia 
cancellatur aicut per inapectionem rotulorum canoellariie 
noetrfe nobis constat Nob advertentes ea quee sic in feodo 
talliato pr»fato Comiti et hferedibuB de corpoie buo procre- 
atis per noB concessa fuerunt, et de quibus preedictoe Cornea 
Tirtute coDceasionis nostrte prsedictse fuit aeiaitus in domi- 
nico BUO ut de feodo die quo obiit, per reddidonem cartsB 
prfedictse nobis per prcedictum Henricum filium Henria 
ac factam, aut per quodcunque aliud factum ejuadem Hen- 
rici filii, in prsejudicium et exbffiredationem haeredum buo- 
Tum de corpore suo exeuntjmn, secundum legem et consue- 
tudinem regni nostri adnuUari non poaae, aed in suo robore 
permanere debere, ac volentes ea conuderatione cariasuno 
filio nostro Jofaauni nunc Duci Lancastrise qui Blaacbiani, 
filiam et bffiredem prsedieti Henrid filii Henrici postmodum 
Ducis Lancastiiie, duxit in uxorem, et eidem Blanchii^ 
qui quidem Johannes et Blanchia omnia terras et tene- 
menta, qusR fuerunt tam prsedieti Henrici patris quam 
prsefati Henrici Blii jure hsereditario, ut in jure prffidictn 
Blanchise de corpore prsedieti Henrici filii Henrid pro- 
creaUe, jam tenent, gratiam facere apedalem, dictam con- 
ceasionem nostram preefato Henrico Comiti, ut pnemittitur, 
factam, praafatis Johauni nunc Dud Lancastri» et Blancbise 



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115 

and before the treasurer and barons of the eichequer 
of us and our heirs, and before the justices of the bench 
of us and our beira, and before the steward and marshals 
or the clerk of the market of the household of us and 
our heirs, and in other the courts of us and our heirs, 
as before the justices in eyre, to hold common pleas aud 
pleas of the forest, and before all other justices and mi- 
nisters of ua and our heirs whomsoever, as well id pre- 
sence of us and our heirs as in absence of ua and our 
heirs; which fines, amercements, ransom^ issues, year, 
day, waste, or estrepement, forfeitures, and murders, 
would have pertainnl to us or our heirs, if they had 
not been granted to the aforesaid Earl and his heirs 
aforesaid. So that the same Earl and hia bwrg afore- 
said, by themselves or by their bulilb and ministers, . 
might levy, perceive, and have the fines, amercements, 
ransoms, issues, and forfeitures of such their men and 
tenants aforesaid, and ail things which could pertain to 
us and our heirs of the year, day, and waste or estrepe- 
ment, and murders aforesaid,— without let or hinderance 
of us or our heirs, or of our justices, escheators, sheriffs, 
coroners, or other our bailift or ministers whomsoever. 
Which said charter, after the death of the aforesud Earl, aomndec 
Henry, son and heir of the same Earl (to whom all the 1^*?^ 
lands and tenements which were of the same Earl did by be- i™"**- 
reditary right descend), for certain causes surrendered unto 
us to be cancelled, and therefore the charter ts cancelled, as 
to us appears by inspection of the rolls of our chancery. 
We, taking into consideration that those things which Ttmtnottm 
had been so granted by us in fee*tail to the aforesaid Earl «« if^r 
and the heirs of his body begotten, and whereof the afore- 
said Earl by virtue of our grant aforesaid was seised in 
his demesne as of fee on the day of his death, could not 



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116 

uxori ejus duximuB inoovandam, et conceseimus et bac 
carta nostra confirmaTimus, pro nobis et hEeredibus ooBtrist 
nsdem Jobanni Dud et Blanchie quod ipsi et beeredes 
Bui de corporibuB ipsorum Johannis et Blanchise procreati 
et omnoB homines sui de terris et feodis quae Aierunt 
priedicti Henrid paths dicto septimo die Mail imperpetuum 
sint quieti de pavagio, passagio, paagio, laatagio, stallagio, 
tallagio, caria^o, pesagio, picca^o, et terragio per totum 
regnum et potestatem nostram ; et eUam quod iidem Dux et 
Blancbia et hseredes siu pnedicti imperpetuum babeant 
retorna omnium brevium noetrorum et baeredum nostrorum, 
ac BummonitioDum de scaccario nostro et hseredum nos- 
trorum, et attachiamenta tarn de pladtis coronee quam de 
aliis quibuscunque in omnibus terris et feodis prsdicds; 
ita quod nullus vicecomes vel alius ballivue seu miniBter 
noster vel bsredum nostrorum terras seu feoda ilia in- 
grediatur ad executtones eorundem brevium et sum- 
monitionum, seu ad attachiamenta de placitis coronae 
Tel aliis prsedictiB ant aliquod aliud offidum ibidem 
fadendum, nisi in defectum ipsorum Duels et Blanchin 
et hieredum suorum prsedictorum ac ballivorum et mim»- 
trorum suorum in terris et feodis suis prsedictiB. Et etiam 
quod babeant catalla bomiuum et tenentium suorum fe- 
lonum et fugitjvorum; ita quod bi quis hominum vel tenen- 
tium Buorum pro delicto suo vitam vel membrum debeat 
amittere vel fugerit et judido stare noluerit vel aliud 
quodcunque delictum fecerit pro quo catalla sua debeat 
perdere, ubicunque justitia de eo fieri debeat stve ia 
curia nostra vel baeredum nostrorum aire in alia curia, 
ipsa catalla dnt ipsorum Duels et Blancbiee et heeredum 
suorum prsedictorum, et quod liceat eis seu ministris suia 
Bine impedimento uostri vel baeredum nostrorum vicecomi- 
tum aut aliorum ballivorum seu ministrorum noetrorum quo- 



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116 

by any eurrender of the charter aforesaid to us so made 
by the aforesaid Henry the son of Henry, nor by any 
other act of the same Henry the son, in prejudice and 
disheriaou of his heirs of his body issuiDg, be annulled 
according to the law and custom of our realm, but ought 
to rem»n in their full force, and being willing, with that 
conuderation, to shew especial favor to our most dear son 
John now Duke of Lancaster (who took to wife Blanche, 
daughter and heir of the aforesaid Henry son of Henry, 
afterwards Duke of Lancaster), and to the same Blanche, 
which same John and Blanche now hold by hereditary 
right, as in right of the aforesaid Blanche, begotten of 
the body of the aforesaid Henry son of Henry, all the 
lands and tenements which were as well of the aforesaid 
Henry the father, as of the aforesaid Henry the son, have amnndiii 
thought fit to renew our said grant, made as is premised Duktof 
to the aforesaid Earl Henry, unto the aforesaid Jphn now "■> biucIm 
Duke of Lancaster and Blanche bis wife; and we have SSfrfHmiJ 
granted, and by this our charter have confirmed, for ub ^^^u^ 
and our heiiB, to the same Duke John and Blanche, that 
they and their heirs of the bodies of the same John and 
Blanche begotten, and all their men of the lands and fees 
which were of the aforesaid Henry the father on the said 
seventh day of May, may be for ever quit of paviage, paa- AoquittuM 
•age, payage, lastage, stallage, talUge, carriage, pesage, 
picage, and groundage throughout all our realm and domi- 
nion ; and also that the same Duke and Blanche, and their 
heirs aforesaid for ever, may have the return of all writs of "jJ^Jj 
us and our heirs, and summons of the exchequer of us and \^^^^ 
our heirs, and the attachment as well of pleas of the crown *""' 
as of other pleas whatsoever in all the lands and fees afore- ^l^*^^ 
sud; BO that no sheriff, or other bailiff or minister of us 
or our heirs, may enter those lands or fees, to execute 



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117 

nimcunque ponere ee in seiBinain de catallis prffidictiB et ea 
ad UBUin ipaorum Duds et Blanchise et faseredum Buorum 
praBdictoTum retinere. Et etiam quod habeont imperpe- 
tuum omoeB fines pro transgreBBioDibuB et aliis delictis qui- 
buscunque et etiam fines pro licentia concordandi, ac ooania 
unerdameota redemptiooee et exitus forisfactos, ac faris- 
fecturaS) uiDuni diem et rastum et streppum, et omnia qusB 
ad noB et hseredes Dostroa pertinere poterunt de bujusmodi 
anno die et vasto et murdriB de omnibus bominibua et te- 
nentibuB de dictis terns et feodie quffi fuerunt dicti Hen- 
rici patris dicto septimo die Maii, in quibuscunque curiia 
nostris et hasredum noBtrorum bomines et tenentes illofl, 
tarn coram nobis et hseredibus nostris, et in cancellaria 
nostra et hseredum nostrorum, ac coram thesaurario et 
baronibus nostris et b«eredum nostrorum de 8caccari<^ et 
coram justitiariis nostris et hseredum nostrorum de banco» 
ac coram senescallo et marescaUis seu clertco tnercati 
boepitii nostri et faseredum nostrorum, qui pro tempore 
fueriot, et aliis curiie nostris et bseredum nostrorum, 
quam coram justiuariis itinerantibus ad communia p]a- 
cita et ad placita forestte et quibuscunque aliis jus- 
titiariis et ministris nostris et haereduni nostrorum, 
tam in prffisentia nostra et baeredum noBtrorum quam 
in absentia nostra et bsredum noBtrorum, fines focere vel 
amerdari, exitua forisfacere, annum diem et vastum aeu 
forisbcturaa et murdra adjudicari contigerit; quae fines, 
amerciamenta, redemptiones, exitus, annus dies vastum 
give streppum, foris^turee et murdra, ad nos vel bsredes 
nostros poaaent pertinere, si prsB&tis Duci et Blancbiie et 
bseredibus suis prsedictis concessa non fuiaaenL Ita quod 
iidem Dux et Blancbia et hseredes sui priedicti, per se vel 
per ballivoB et ministros suos, fines, amerciamenta, redemp- 
tionea, exitus, et forisfacturas bujusmodi bominum et 



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the same vrita aad Bummons, or to make attachment of 
the pleas of the crown or other pleas aforesaid, or to do 
aoy other office there, unless in default of the same Duke 
and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid, and their baiUA 
and ministers in their lands and fees aforesaid. And also chMMUor 
that they may have the chattels of their men and tenants 
heing felons and fugitives; so that if any one of their 
men or tenants ought to lose life or limb for hie offence, 
or should flee and be unwilling to stand his trial, or 
commit any other offence for the which he ought to 
lose his chattels, wheresoever justice should he had of 
him, whether in the court of us or our heirs, or in any 
other court, such chattels shall belong to the same Duke 
and Blandie, and their heirs aforesaid. And that it shall 
be lawful for ^em or their ministers, without hinderance 
*of us or our heirs, or of our sherifis, or other bailiflb or 
ministers whomsoever, to put themselves in seizin of the 
chattels aforesaid, and retain them to the use of the same 
Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid. And also nntinid 
that they may have for ever all fines for trespasses and B,mu,iia- 
other offences whatsoever, and also the fines for licence J^"™^ 
to agree, and all amercements, ransoms, and forfeited 
issues and forfeitures, year, day, and waste, and estrepe- 
ment, and all things which can pertain to us and our 
heirs, of the like year, day, and waste, and murders, in 
respect of all the men and tenants of the svd lands and 
Cees, which were of the said Henry the father on the 
said seventh day of May, in any soever of the courts of 
UB and our heirs, where such men and tenants shall 
happen to make fine, or be amerced, or forfeit issues, 
or such year, day, and waste, or forfeitures and murders, 
happen to be adjudged, as well before us and our heirs, 
and in the chancery of us and our heirs, and before the 



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tenentium suoruin prsedictonun, et omnia quae ad nos et 
heeredes nostroa pertinere poteruDt de anno die et rasto sive 
streppo et murdris prsdictis, lerare percipere et habere 
pOBainti — sine occaeione vel impedimento nostri vel faser^ 
dum nostrorum, jostitiarioTum, escaetoruni, Ticecomitum, 
coronatOTum, aut aliorum ballivorum seu mioistrorum nos- 
trorum quorumcunque. Quare volumuH et firmiter pree- 
(npimuB pro nobis et bseredibuB noatriB quod pnefali Dux 
et Blancbia et b^eredes sui preedicti imperpetuum babeaot 
omnes libertatea praedictas eicut prsBdictum est, et eis et 
earum qualibet decsetero plene gaudeant et utantur, reddi- 
tione seu cancellatione cart» prsedict^e non obstante. Ita 
quod n prffidicti Dux et Blancbia sine bserede de cor- 
poribue Buis exeunte obierint, tunc omnes et singul» 
libertates praedlctee, post mortem ipBorum Duds et 
Blanchise ad nos et bseredes nostros integre rever- 
taotur. Hiis testibus, venerabilibus patribus, Simone 
ELiensi Cancellario, Jobaune Batboniensi et Wellensi Tbe- 
BEuraiio, nostris, Episcopis, Leonello Duce Clarendse filio 
ooBtro carissimo, Humfrido de Bobun Herefordiae, Ricardo 
Arundellise, Comitibus, Edwardo le Despenser Domino de 
Glamorgan et Morganuow^ Guidone de Bryan, Jobanoe 
atte Lee Senescallo bospitii nostri, et aliis. Data per 
manum nostram apud Westmouasterium quaitodeinmo die 
JuUi, anno regni nostri triceaimo octavo. NOS autem 
cartam supradictam ac omnes donaUones concessiones et 
omnia alia in eadem contenta pro nobis et bseredibus nos- 
tris tenore prsesenlium ratificamus et confirmamus, juxta 
tenorem et effectum cartae supradict». In cujus rei tes- 
timonium baa literas nostras fieri fedmua patentee. Teste 
me ipso apud Westmouasterium quiatodedmo die Septem- 
bris anno regni nostri primo. INSPEXIMUS insuper 
quaudam aliam cartam noBtram lactam in baec verba: 



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118 

treasurer and barona of tbe exchequer of us and our heira, 
and before tbe justices of tbe bench of ua and our heirs, and 
before tbe steward and margfaals, or tbe clerk of tbe market 
of the household of us and our heirs for the time being, 
and in other tbe courts of os and our heirs, as before 
tbe justices in eyre, to hold common pleas and pleas of 
tbe forest, and before all other justices and ministers of 
us and our heirs vbomsoever, as well in presence of us 
and our heirs as in absence of us and our heirs; which 
fines, amercements, ransoms, issues, year, day, waste, or 
estrepement, forfeitures, and murders, would pertwn to 
UB or our heirs, if they had not been granted to the 
afbresud Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid. 
So that tbe same Duke and Blanche, and their heirs afore- 
sud, by themselves or by ^eir bailiffii and ministers, may 
levy, perceive, and have the fines, amercements, ransoms, 
issues, and forfeitures of such their men and tenants afore- 
said, and all things which cau pertain to us and our heirs 
of the year, day, and waste, or estrepement and murders 
aforesaid, — without let or binderance of us or our heirs, or 
of our justices, escheators, sherifis, coroners, or other our 
bailifis or ministers whomsoever. Wherefore we will and 
strictly command for us and our heirs, that tbe aforesud 
Duke and Blanche, and their heira aforesaid, shall have 
all the liberties aforesaid for ever, as is aforesaid, and 
shall henceforth fully enjoy and use them and every of 
them, notwithstanding tbe surrender or cancelling of tbe 
charter aforesaid. So that if the aforesaid Duke and 
Blanche shall die without heir of their bodies issuing, 
then all and every tbe liberties aforesaid, after tbe death 
of the same Duke and Blanche, shall entirely revert to 
us and our heirs. These being witnesses, the venerable 
fathers, Simon Bishop of Ely, our Chancellor; John 



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119 

RICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglis et Francia! et Do- 
mioufl Hibeniis omnibus ad quos prieseates literae perve- 
nerint salutem. laapexiinus quaadam cartam iDdentatam 
nuper factaio inter carisaimum domiDum et avum noBtrum 
Dominum Edwardum Regem Anglic defiincttun et caris- 
siiDUm filium suum Jobannem Regem Castellffi et Le- 
{^onia Ducem Lancastri», avunculum nostrum, et aub 
magno aigiUo prsedicti avi nostri sigillatam, in h»c verba: 
Hxc carta indentata facta inter magnificum prtncipem 
Dominom Edwardum Regem Anglise et Francise et caris- 
eimum filium suum Jobannem Regem CasteUee et Legionb 
et Ducem Lancaatxiie illustrem testatur quod cum idem 
Donunus Rex Angliae praefatum Jobannem nunc Regem 
CaatelUe in Comitem Ricbemondiffi preefecerit, et comita- 
torn Ricbemondiffi ac bonorem caatra maoeria terras tene- 
inenta et omnia alia Iocs ad dictum comitatum pertinentia 
qnffi Jobannes nuper Dux Britanniae et Cornea loci pnedicU 
habuit ibidem, prsefato Jobauni Regi CaBtellfe per nomen 
Comitis Richemondife, babenda et tenenda sibi et bsere- 
dibuB de corpore auo exeuntibus dederit et concesaerit 
per cartam euam, prout in carta praedicta plane liquet: 
Jamque dictuB Jobannes Rex Castellte, cum prcelatis pro- 
ceiibus comitibua maguatibua nobilibus et sapientibus de 
condlio re^o exietentibus pnehabitia super boc diversis 
tractatibuB, perpendeos et advertens quod si comitatua 
honor castra maneria terne tenementa et loca praedicta 
in se et solium regium, a quo prius exiverant, traoBfe- 
rentur, in ipsiuB Regis Anglis et totius regni Angliae 
cotnmodum tenderet, quietem pariter et bonorem. Et 
propterea dictus Jobannes Rex Castellffi, aicut gratus 
filius, patris sui beneplacita, bonorem et commodum regni 
Angliee, euis propriis utilitatibuB anteponens, pura et 
spontanea voluntate sua, caums et occasiooibus antcdictis. 



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Bishop of Bath and Wells, our Treasurer; our most dear 
son Lionel Duke of Clarence ; Humphrey de Bobun, Earl 
of Hereford; Richard Earl of Arundel; Edward le Do- 
Bpenser, Ix>rd of Glamorgan and Moi^annowe; Guy de 
Brian ; John atte Lee, Steward of our household, and 
others. Given under our hand at Westminster, on the 
fourteenth day of July, in the thirty-eighth year of our 
reign. AND we the charter abovesaid, and all the dona- 
tions, grants, and all other things therein contained, do 
for us and our heirs, by the tenor of these presents, 
ratify and confirm according to the tenor and effect of 
the charter abovesaid. Id witness whereof we have 
caused these our letters to be made patent Witness our- 
self at Westminster, on the fifteenth day of September, in 
the first year of our reign. WE have inspected, more- 
over, a certain other diarter of ours made in these words ; 
RICHARD, by the grace of God, King of England and '°'*|/*>^ 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present '-■^ '"''' 
letters shall come, greeting. We have inspected a certain 
Charter indented, lately made between our most dear Lord 
and grandfather, Lord Edward late King of England, de- 
ceased, and his most dear son John King of Castille and 
Leon, Duke of Lancaster, our uncle, and sealed under the 
great seal of our aforesaid grandfotber, in these words: 
This Charter indented, made between the high and uttiJoH, 
mighty prince. Lord Edward King of England and France, '-■■- >*'■- 
and his most dear son John, the illustrious King of Cas- 
tille and Leon and Duke of Lancaster, witnesseth, that, 
whereas the same Lord the King of England did advance EiutH 
the aforesaid John, now King of Castille, to be Earl of bukiafLu- 
Richmond, and by bis charter did give and grant unto tbe 1^^,^ 
aforesaid John King of Castille, by the name of Earl of ^^^' 
Richmond, the earldom of Richmond, and the honor, cas- 



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ISO 

flpecialiter acquievit et concesBit quod comitatus honor 
castra maneria terrae tenementa et loca prradicta, necnoii 
feoda militum ad eadem camitatum honorem castra ma- 
neria terras tenemeDta et loca preedicta pertineotia, et 
Bimiliter advocationes eiadem spectantee simul cum mem- 
biie hamelettis pratis pascuia pasturis piscariis moris maiis- 
cie turbariie chaciis parcia boscis warenois hundredis wapeo- 
tachiia feriia mercatis HbertatibuB liberis consuetudinibus 
OBcaetis et omnibus aliis ad preedicta comitatum honorem 
castra maneria terras tenementa et loca praedicta qualiter- 
cuoque et ubicunque spectaDtibus sive pertinentibus, prte- 
fato patri Buo traderentur ; node priedictuB Dominus Rex 
AngliiB gratitudinem prsedictam multis attoUens Uudibus, et 
TolenB proinde preefato Johanni Kegi Caetellae, et in status 
sui BUpportationem majorem, retributionem sibi facere com- 
petentem, castrum manerium et honorem de TickbuU, cas- 
trum et maneritmi de Alto Pecco, cum feodis militum eisdem 
castris maneriis et honori pertinentibus nve spectantibus, et 
omnia feoda quae dictus Dominus Rex Anglis habuit ex 
dono et conceasione Roberti de Lisle militis (feodis quae in 
manu ipdus Domini Regis Anglise Bunt extincta dum- 
tazat exceptis) necnon advocationes ecclesiarum de Steyn- 
drop et Braunspath in episcopatu Dunolmensi, et libera- 
rum capellarum de TlckbuU et de Alto Pecco, ac eccleaise 
de Marsfeld, liberee capellse ibidem, Ubene capellm infra 
castrum de Pevenese, prioratus de Wilmingdon, qui est 
cella abbatise Sanct» Mariae de Greston in Normannia, 
et prioratus de Withiham, qui est cella abbati» Sancti 
MarUni de Mcremest Turon', et domus Sancti Roberti 
de Knaresburgh ; castrum manerium et hoDorem de Knares- 
burgh cum pertinentiis, et bundredum »ve wapentachium 
de Staynclif, cum pertinentiis in comitatu Eboraci, ma- 
neria de Clrynglay et WheteUy, cum pertinentiiB in co- 



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ISO 

ties, manors, lands, tencmentB, and all other places to the 
said earldom pertaining, which John late Duke of Brit- 
tany and Earl of the aforesaid place had there, to have 
and hold to him and the heirs of hie body issuing, as in 
the charter aforesaid plainly doth appear : And now the 
said John King of Castille, divers treaties hereupon being 
had witli the prelates, peers, eArls, grandees, nobles, and 
sages of the royal council, well weighing and consider- 
ing, tiiM, if the earldom, honor, castles, manors, lands, 
tenements, and places aforesaid were to be transferred 
to bim and the royal throne, whence they had first 
issued, it would tend not less to the advantage of the 
eiud King of England, and the whole realm of England, 
tlian to the quiet and honor of the same. And for that 
the said John King of CaatiUe, like a grateful son, pre- 
ferring hie father's pleasure, and the honor and con- 
venience of the kingdom of England, to his own private 
advantage, of hie own pure will and free accord, for the 
causes and reasons aforesaid, hath especially acquiesced 
and granted that the earldom, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, and places aforesaid, and also the 
knights' fees pertaining to the same earldom, honor, 
castles, manors, lands, tenements, and places aforesaid, 
and in like manner the advowsone belonging to the same, 
together with the members, hamlets, meadows, feedings, 
pastures, fisheries, moors, marshes, turbaries, chases, parks, 
woods, warrens, hundreds, wapentakes, fairs, markets, li- 
berties, free customs, escheats, and all other things to the 
aforesaid earldom, honor, castles, manors, lands, tenements, 
and places aforesaid howsoever and wheresoever belong- 
ing or pert«ning, shall be given up to his aforesud father ; 
whereupon the aforesaid Lord the King of England, ex- 
tolling with many praises the gratitude aforesaid, and 



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ISl 

mitatu Notingbamise, maneria de Wyghton, Aileaham, Fa- 
kenhanulam, et Snetesbam ; necnon hundreda de North- 
grenebowe, Northerpingham, Sutberpingbam, et Smetbe- 
don, cum perUnentiiB in eomitatibus Norfolciae et Suffi}lci«, 
tnaaeria de Glatton et Holm, cum pertinent in comitatu 
Hunttngdoniae, manerium de Saham, cum pertsnentiiB in 
comitatu Cantabrigice, castrum et leucatam de Perenese 
ac maneria de Wilyndou et Marsfeldj neenoD ballivam de 
Endelenewyk* cum pertinentib in comitatu Sussexiffi, et 
liberam chaciam de Alto Pecco, quam dictua Dominus 
Rex Anglise tenuit in manu sua ut foreatam, teneudam ut 
liberam cbaciam, ac liberam chaciam de Aaehedon, cum 
juribus et libertatibus liberie cbaciis pertiDentibus ; et 
aanuam Snnam duceutarum marcarum quam abbas et 
conveotuB beatee Man» Eborum ^em Domino Regi 
Anglife et bscredibus suis pro tnanerio de Whit^ift sol- 
vere teneatur, percipieudam per manus dictorum abbatie 
et conventuB et Buccesaorum suorum, dedit et conccBsit 
pro Be et haeredlbus euia prsefato Johanni Regi Castellse, 
habenda sibi et hseredibuB de corpore suo exeuntibus una 
cum membris bamelettis pratia paacuis pasturis piecariis 
motiB mariacie turbariis cbadis parcis boBcis wareunis 
buudredis wapentacbiis (eriis mercatis libertatibus li- 
beris coneuetudinibuB c&caeHs et omnibus aliis ad prn- 
dicta castra maneria bonoreB hundreda leucatam ballivam 
et cbaciaa qualitercunque et ubicunque spectantibus sive 
pertinentibua de prsefato Domino Rege AngUae et h«re- 
dibus suiB per servitia iode debita et conaueta imper- 
petuum in cBCambium pro dic^B comitatu Richemondise 
hoDore caatna maneriis terria tenementis lods feodia et ad- 
vocationibua preedictiai quie idem Jobannea Rex Castellse 
per banc cartam indeutatam dedit concessit et sursum red- 
didit eidem Domiuo Regi Angliee et haeredibue suis im- 



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181 

being willing therefore to make competent retribution 
to faim the aforesaid John King of Caatille, and for the 
better support of his station, hath given and granted 
for himself and his heire unto the aforesaid John King 
of Caetille the castl^ manor, and honor of Tickhill, the 
caetle and manor of the High Peak, with the knights' 
fees to the same castles, manors, and honor pertaining 
or belonging) and all the fees which the said Lord the 
King of England had by the gift and grant of Sir Robert 
de I^sle, knight, (excepting only those fees which are 
extinct in the hands of the said Lord the King of Eng- 
land,} and also the adrowsons of the churches of Sbun- 
drop and Brancepeth in the bishopric of Durham, and 
of the free chapels of Tickhill and High Peak, and of 
Uie church of Maresfield and free chapel there, of the 
free chapel within Pevensey castle, of the priory of Wil- 
ningdon, which is a cell of the abbey of St Mary de 
Greeton in Normandy, and of the priory of Withiham, 
which is a cell of the abbey of St Martin de Meremest 
in Tourain, and of the house of St Robert of Knares- 
boro'; — the castle, manor, and honor of Knaresboro', with 
appurtenances; and the hundred or wapentake of Stain- 
cliff, with appurtenances, in the county of York ; — the 
manors of Griugley and Wbeatley, with appurtenances, in 
the county of Nottingham; — the manors of Wighton, Ayls- 
ham, Fakenham, and SoettiBham, and also the hundreds of 
North Gieenhoe, North Erpingham, South Erpingham, and 
Smitbdon, with appurtenances, in the counties of Norfolk 
and Suffolk; — the manors of Glatton and Holm, with ap< 
purtenances, in the county of Huntingdon; — the manor of 
Soham, with appurtenances, in the county of Cambridge: 
— the castle and leucaia of Pevensey, and the manors of 
WilluDgdon and Maresfield, and also the bailiwick of En- 



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128 

perpetuiim in cscambium pro castrU maDeriis honoribus 
hundredis leucata balliva cbaciie finna feodis et advo- 
cationibus prsedictis, sibi per ipsum Dominum R«gein 
Angliee, ut prsedicitur, datia et coocessis, aub ea qius 
sequitur condiljone, quod si b^eredea dicti Johannis Regis 
Caatellse recuperaverint per judidum inde rite redditum, 
comitatum Ricbemondiae, bonorem caatra maneria terras 
tenementa loca feoda et advocaliones praedicta aut ali- 
quatn parcellam eorundem, rirtute doni tallise eupradicti, 
et posseBBionem inde babuerint, recuperationem illam affir- 
mando, liceat eidem Domino Regi Angliee et bferedibus suia 
castra manena bonores hundreda leucatam ballivam cjiacias 
firmam feoda et advocationes praedicta, prsetato Johauui 
Regi Castellse «c in escambiuiD pnedictum data et con- 
cessa, reintrare et teaere imperpetuum. Et ai contin- 
gat pr»dicta caatra maneria honores buudreda leuca^ 
tani ballivam c^das firmam feoda et advocationes aut 
aliquam parcellam eorumdem pnefato Jobanni Regi Cas- 
tell» it) escambium praedictum aic data et conceesa ab 
eodem Johanne Rege Castellee seu beeredibus suia praedio- 
tia recuperari, dictus Domintis Rex Anglise et hseredea sui 
debitam recompensationem pr^fato Jobanni Regi Castellse 
et baeredibus auia pr^dictis, de valore, aine difficnltate 
qualibet facere teneantur. Dumtamen idem Jobannea Rex 
Caetellffi et hceredes sui prsedicti a dicto Domino Re^ 
Angliee aut hferedibus suia auxilium petaut^ et debitam 
diligentiam apponaut circa salvationem de eo quod versus 
eo8 peti contingat Et etiam ai comitatum Ricbemondise 
bonorem castra maneria terras tenementa loca feoda et 
advocationes praedicta aut aliquam parcellam eorumdem 
extra manua dicti Domini Regis AngliGe seu haaredum 
suomm in feodo simplici aut talliato poni contingat, et 
imposterum ad manus ejuadem Domini Regis Angliffi vel 



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delenewick, with appurtenances, in the county of Sussex ; 
— and the iree chase of the High Peak, which the said 
Lord the Kin^ of England held in his bands aa a forest, 
to hold as a free chase; — and the free chase of Ashdown, 
with the rights and liberties to free chaees pertaining; — 
aud the yearly farm of 200 marks which the abbot and 
convent of SL Mary''s at York ^e held to pay to the 
same Lord the King of England and his heire for the 
manor of Whitegifl, to he perceived by the bands of the 
said abbot and convent, and their successors : — To have 
to hint and the heirs of his body issuing, together with the 
members, hamlets, meadows, feedings, pastures, fisheries, 
moors, marshes, turbaries, chases, parks, woods, warrens, 
hundreds, wapentakes, fairs, markets, liberties, free cus- 
toms, escheats, and all other things to the aforesaid castles, 
manors, honors, hundreds, lauala, biuliwick, and chases 
howsoever and wheresoever belonging or pertaining, of 
the aforesaid Lord the King of England and his heirs, 
by the serviees therefore due and accustomed for ever, in 
exchange for the said earldom of Richmond, and the honor, 
castles, manors, lands, tenements, places, fees and advow. 
eons aforesaid, which the same John King of Castillo by 
this charter indented hath given, granted, and surrendered 
(o the same Lord the King of England and his heirs for 
ever in exchange for the castles, manors, honors, hundreds, 
Uueata, bailiwick, chases, Utrta, fees, and advowsons afore- 
said, given and granted to him by the same Lord the King 
of England as is aforesaid, — under the condition hereafter 
following, — that if the heirs of the said John King of 
Castillo shall recover by judgment thereupon rightfully 
given the earldom of Richmond, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid, or 
any parcel thereof, by virtue of the aforesud gift in tail. 



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188 

hseredum suorum, ex justa causa, in feodo deTeneriD^ 
tam idem DoDainus R«x Angliee et bieredes eui caatra 
maneria bonores btmdreda leucatam balUvam chadas fir^ 
mam feoda et advocaUoneB pnedicta priefato Jobanni Regi 
Castellie et hteredibufi de corpore suo exeuatibus sic 
data et coDceeea, quam preefatus Johannes Res CaatellsB 
et hseredes sui prsdicti dictnm comitatum Richemondue 
ac honorem castra maneria terras tenetnetita loca feoda 
et advocationes pnedicta dicto Domino Re^ Anglis et 
bseredibUB suia in escambium prsedictum ut prsemittitur 
data et concessa, pro integro aeu pro rata rebabeant bine 
et inde, et restitutio exinde fiat, tenenda prout priua. Et 
idem Dominus Rex Angli» et beeredes sui castra maneria 
bonores hundreda leucatam ballivam chadas finnam feoda 
et advocationes preedicta, prseEato Jobanni Regi Caetellse 
et basredibus de corpore suo exeuntibus per ipsum Do- 
miaum Regem Angliee data et concessa, prsefato Jobanni 
Regi Castellfe et bieredibus suis prffidictis warantizabunt et 
imperpetuum defendent, juxta Tim et effectum escambii 
et condiHonum preedictorum. Et dmiliter idem Johannes 
Rex Castellae et beeredes sui praedictum comitatum Ricbe- 
mondie, simul cum bonore castris maneriis terris tenemeu- 
tis lods feodis et advocationibus prsBdictis, preedicto Domino 
Regi AnglisB et hseredibus suis contra omnes gentes waran- 
Uzabunt et imperpetuum defendent, juxta rim et efiectum 
escambii et conditionum priedictorum. In cujua rei tes- 
timonium preedictsB cartse indentatse tam sigillum dicti Do- 
mini Regis AQgli2e quam ugiUum dicti Jobannis Regis Caa- 
tellsB altematim sunt appensa. Hiis testibus, Tenerabilibus 
patribus Willielmo Arcbiepiscopo Cantuariensi totius An- 
gliaa Primate, Simone Londinensi et Wiliielmo Wintoniensi, 
Kpiscopis, Edmundo filio dicti Regis Anglise carisaimo 
Cantabrigiee, Uicardo Arundelliee, Humfrido de Bobun He- 



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138 

and tfaereof have poaaeBaion, affirming that recovery, it may 
be lawful for the aame Lord the King of England sod his 
heire to re-enter and hold for ever the caatlea, manors, 
honors, hundreda, levcata, bailiwick, chases, farm, fees, and 
advowBODs aforesaid bo given and granted to the aforesaid 
John King of Castille in exchange as aforesaid. And if 
it happen that the aforesaid castles, manors, honors, buO' 
dreds, UHcata, bailiwick, chases, farm, fees and advowsons, 
or any parcel thereof, so given and granted to the aforesaid 
John King of Castille in exchange as aforesaid, be re- 
covered from Uie same John King of Castille or hia heirs 
afbres^d, the said Lord the King of England and his heirs 
shall be held to make due compensation of the value to 
the aforesaid John King of CaBtille and bis heirs aforesaid 
without any difficulty. So however, that the same John 
King of Castille and his heirs aforesaid pray aid of the 
said Lord the King of England ot his heirs, and apply 
due diligence about the Balvation of that which may 
happen to be sued agtunst them. And also if it happen 
that the earldom of Richmond, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and advowBons aforesaid, 
or any parcel thereof, be put out of the hands of the 
sud Lord the King of England or hia heirs in fee 
simple or tail, and thereafter shall come by just cause 
into the hands of the same Lord the King of Enghind 
or his heirs in fee, as well the same Lord the King of 
England and his heirs, the castles, manors, honors, hun- 
dreds, leueata, bailiwick, chases, farm, fees, and advowsons 
aforesaid so given and granted to the aforesaid John 
King of CaBtille and the heirs of his body issuing, as the 
aforesaid John King of Castille and his heirs aforesaid, the 
said earldom of Richmond, and the honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid 



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1S4 
refordise et Willielmo de Monte Acuto Sarum, Comitibua, 
Henrico de Percy, Roberto de lliorp Caocellario, Ricardo 
de Scrop Thesaurario, Willielmo Latymer Camerario, Jo- 
haone de Neville Senescallo hospitii preedicti Domini Regis 
Anglise, Johaane Koyvet, Willielmo de Fynchedene, Jo- 
hanne Moubray, Thoma de Ingelby, Willielmo de Wy- 
cbyngbam, Rogero de Meres et Jobanne de Cavendisab, 
GJuedem Domini Regis AoglisB justitiariis, etaltis. Data 
apud Westmonaaterium vicesimo quinto die Junti, anno 
regni dicti Domini Regis Angliae, Anglise quadragesimo 
sexto, regni vero sui Franciae tricesimo terlio, INSPEXI- 
MUS eUam quandam aliam cartam prsefati avi nostri 
nuper foctam prsedicto avunculo noatro in bsec verba: 
EowARDVs, Dei gratia Rex AngUsB et Franciee, et Do- 
minus Hiberniae, arcbiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, pri- 
oribusi ducibuB, comitibua, baronibue, militibus, justiti- 
ariis, vicecomitibus, prsepositis, ballivis, ministris, et alUs 
fidelibua auis, salutem. Sciatis quod cum nuper per cartam 
nostratn indentatam dederimus et concesserimus pro nobis 
et bseredibuB nostris quantum in nobis fuit carissimo filio 
nostro Johuini Regi Caatellee et Legionis, Dad Lancastrian, 
castrum manerium et bonorem de Tickhull, ac alia terras 
et tenements in dicta carta nostra specificata cum perti- 
nentiis ; habeada sibi et heeredibus de corpore suo exeun- 
tibus in escambium pro comitatu Ricbemoudiee, ac honore 
castris maneriis terris tenements et omnibus aliis locus ad 
dictum comitatum pertinentibus nobis et heeredibus nostris 
per prasfatum filium nostrum datis concessis et sursum reddl- 
tis, prout in carta nostra prsdicta plenius continetur ; ac jam 
prselatUB filius noster nobis supplicaTerit ut cum villa de 
Grenstede quae ut parcella manerii de Marsfeld, villa de 
Seford quee ut parcella castri et lencatae de Peveusey, 
et villa de Laghton in Mortfayng quae ut parcella castri 



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184 

given and granted to the said Lord the King of England 
and his heira in exchange aforesaid, as is premised, may 
have back on either side entirely or proportionately, 
and restitutioD thereupon be made, to hold aa before. 
And the same Lord the King of England and his heirs, 
the castles, manors, honors, hundreds, Uucata, bailiwick, 
chases, farm, fees and odvowsons sforesud given and 
granted by the same Lord the King of England to the 
aforesaid John King of Caalille and the heirs of his body 
issuing will warrant and for ever defend to the aforesud 
John King of Caetille and his heirs aforesaid, according 
to the force and effect of the exchange and conditions 
aforesud. And in like manner the same John King of 
Caetille and his heirs, the aforesud earldom of Ricfamond, 
together with the honor, castles, manors, lands, tenement^ 
places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid, against all men will 
warrant and for ever defend to the aforesaid Lord the 
King of England and his heirs, according to the force 
and effect of the exchange and conditions aforesaid. In 
witness whereof, as well the seal of the said Lord the 
King of England, as the seal of the said John King of 
Castillo, alternately are set to the aforesaid charter in- 
dented. Iltese being witnesses, the venerable fathers, 
William Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all Eng- 
land; Simon Bishop of London, and William Bishop of 
Winchester; Edmund Earl of Cambridge, the most dear 
son of the said King of England; Richard Karl of Arundel; 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and William de 
Montacute, Earl of Salisbury; Henry de Percy; Robert 
de Thorp, Chancellor ; Richard de Scroope, Treasurer ; 
William Latymer, Chamberlain ; John de Neville, Steward 
of the household of the aforesaid Lord the King of Eng- 
land; John Knyvet, William dc Fynchedene, John Mou- 



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125 

et honoria de 'Hckhull, Bibi in certum valorem id escam- 
bium prcedictum (nulla spedali meotione facta de viilis illis 
in dicta carta nostra) liberata fuerunt, tria grossa per Be 
separatim et non pertinentia ad manerimn de Marsfeld 
castrum et leucatam de Perensey et castrum et bonorera 
de Hckhull pnedicta exiatant, nee aliquo tempore fuerint, 
sicut jam ubi datur intelligi, velimue ne ipse aut bse- 
redea sui pnedicti super occupatione dictanim TiUarum 
de Grenstede, Seford, et Laghton, ob derectum specialis 
nominationis earumdem in conoessioDe nostra prsedicta 
impetantur infiitunin)» ^ctas tt]laa de Grenstede, Se- 
ford, et Lagfaton, nomiiutim sibi concedere, habendas et 
tenetidas una cum dictis caetro manerio et honors de 
'Hckhull, ac a]iis terris et tenementis Bibi in dictum es- 
cambium datis, et etiam cum libertaUbuB quietandis et 
immunitadbus quas Pbilippa nuper Regina Angliae, tunc 
couBOTB Dostra* quse dicta caBtnim manerium et honorem 
de HckhuU et alia terras et tenementa, eidem filio noetro 
per nos ^c data, tenuity in vita sua habuit ex concesBione 
nostra in eisdem, in recompeosaUonem Hbertatum qutetau' 
tiaram et immunitatum quas idem filius noster in dicto 
comitatu Richemondise et bonore castria maneriia tenia 
tenementis et aliis locis ad dictum comitatum pertinen- 
tibus babuit, dum ea tenuit, ante escambium eupradictum. 
Nos escambium illud in qualibet parte ejusdem observare, 
et tarn quieti dicti filii noBtri et hceredum Buorum preedic- 
torum in hac parte prospicere, quam dicta tenementa eidem 
filio nostro ut prsemittitur data et concessa ac dictas villas 
de Grenstede, Seford, et Lagbton, quaa virtute diet» 
concesaionis noatree aic tenet, libertatibus quietantiis et 
immunitatibus, per priefatam consortem noatram babitis 
ut prsemittitur in eisdem, muniri et esomari, in recom- 
peusatiouem libertatum quictantiarum et immunitatum 



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IS6 

bny, Thomaa de logelby, William de Wychyngbam, Roger 
de Meres, and John de CafsndisBb, JubUccs of the same 
Lord the King of England, and others. Given at WesU 
minster on the twenty^fifUi day of June, in the forty-sixth 
year of the reign of the said Lord the King of England, 
and the thirty-third of his reign of France. IVE have in- 
spected also a certun other Charter of our aforesaid grand- 
father lately made to our aforesaid uncle, in these words : 
Edward, t>y the grace of God, King of England and 4ihJuii>, 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to hia archbishops, bishops, ^'°- ■*"' 
abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, knights, justices, she- 
ri^ reeves, baili^ ministers, and other bis faithful people, 
greeting. Know ye, that whereas we did lately by our chaN Redtti that 
ter indented give and grant for us and our heirs, as fsir as ^*',*' 
did in us lie, to our most dear son John King of Castille and ^^^^' 
Leon aud Duke of Lancaster the castle manor and honor of ^o^' 
Tickbill and other lands and tenements in our said charter 
specified, with appurtenances, to have to him and the heirs of 
his body issuing, in exchange for the earldom of Richmond 
and the honor castles manors lands tenements and all 
other places to the said earldom pertmning, given granted 
and surrendered to us and our heirs by our aforss^d son, 
ae in our charter aforesaid more fully is contained; and J^'l*. 
now our aforesaid son hath besought us, that, whereas the |!||^"^,„ 
town of Grinstead, which as parcel of the manor of Mares- {J^h'ilm''' 
field, the town of Seaford, which as parcel of the castle and ^I'l^tu 
Uueata of Pevensey, and the town of Lauriiton>iu-le- intiiuMta 
Morthen, which as parcel of the castle and honor of 
Tickbill, were deUvered to him at a certain valuation in 
the exchange aforesaid, (no special mention being made 
of those towns in our said charter,) be three towns in 
gross severally of themselves, and be not nor were at any 
time pertaining to the aforesaid manor of Maresfield, castle 



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1S6 

per prsedictum filiura nostrum in dicto comitatu Riche- 
mondiae et pertinentiis suis priedictis nuper babitarutn, 
et preecipue ob epecialem affcctionem quam ad personam 
ejiisdem filii nostri, suis mentis mAgnificis laudabiliter 
exigentibuB, gerlmue et babemus, concessimuB eidem filio 
nostro pro aobia et heeredibus nostris quod ipse dictas 
villas de Grenstede, Seford, et Lagbton cum pertineatiia 
Buis UQiTenis, etiam licet grossa sint per se, an ut prsedic- 
tum est pertinentia ad dictum manerium de Marsfeld, 
castrum et leucatam de Pevensey et castrum et honorem 
de Hckbull, habeat et reUneat, unacum dictis caatro ma- 
nerio et hoaore de Tickhull et aliis terris et tenementis 
prcedictis sibi per nos, ut preemittitur, datis, ac liberty 
tibus quietantiis et immunitatibus aubscriptis (quas prce- 
fatse Reginse in dictis terris et tenementis quie ipsa sic 
tenuit ad vitam auam, concessimus, halModas, sicut per in- 
spectionem rotulorum cancellariEe nostrse nobis constat), 
habendts utendis et gaudendis io dictis castro manerio et 
hoDore de llckbull, ac aliis castris maneriis honoribuB 
buodredisi et villis de Grenstede, Seford, et Lagbton, ac 
aliis terriB tenementis et loins quibuscumque dicto filio 
noatro, ut est dictum, per nos datis et in dicta carta nos- 
tra pleniuB specificatis, et qualibet parte eorumdem eidem 
filio noatro et dictis bseredibus de corpore suo, ut pr»- 
dictum est, procreatis, in escambiuoi supradictum, sub modo 
et forma in eadem carta nostra conteutis imperpetuum, 
videlicet, cum feodis militum, advocationibus domorum re- 
ligiosanun hospitalium ecclesiarum et capellarum, wardis 
maritagits et eacaetis de omnibus tenentibus de bo- 
noribua maneriis terris tenementis et aliis locie prsedictia 
prsefato filio noatro per nos sic datis, simul cum cbaciis 
parcia boscis warennis feriis mercatis aquis viis piscariis 
communis assartis vaslie et purpresturis, ac etiam arren- 



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and leitcata of Pevensey, and castle and honor of Tickhill, 
as now he ia given to understand, lest he or his heirs afore- 
Bjud should in future be impeached in the occupation of the 
said towns of Grinstead, Seaford, and Laughton for the 
want of special naming of the same in our grant aforesaid, 
we would be pleased to grant the said towns of Grinstead, nEint nj 
Seaford, and Laughton to him by name, to have and to j^<^ *<> 
hold together with the siud castle manor and honor of 
Hckhill and the other lands and tenements given to him 
in the said exchange, and also with the liberties acquit- tngEtiiirwitii 
tances aod immunities which Philippa, late Queen of Eng- «uoytd t^ 
land, then our consort, (who held the said castle, manor, ^'.^^^f;"" 
and honor of Tickhill, and the other lands and tenements 'S'^^ 
so ^ven by us to our same son,} in her lifetime had in *****' 
the same by our grant, in compensation for the liberties 
acquittances and immunities which our same sod had in 
the s^d earldom of Richmond, and in the honor castles nup 
Dors lands tenements and other places to the said earldom 
pertaining, whilst be held them before the exchange (dxive 
said. We, to observe the sud exchange in every part couuan. 
thereof and to look as well to the quiet of our said son and hii v^ 
his heirs aforesaid in this behalf, as that the sud tene- —naa, 
ments given and granted to our same son as b premised, ^^J^^ 
and the said towns of Griustead, Seaford, and Laughton, «m^'cI'' 
which by virtue of our said grant he so holds, be adorned *'"'"™*' 
and armed with the liberties acquittances and immunities 
had ia the same by our aforesiud consort as is premised, in 
compensation for die liberties acquittances and immuni- 
ties lately bad by our aforesaid son in the said earldom of 
Richmond and its appurtenances aforesud, and chiefly on ud oi* 
account of the special affection which we have and bear for mw**. 
the person of our same son, bis high merits full wordtily 
requiring it^ have granted to oiu same son, for us and our 



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1S7 

tationibua et reddidbus quorutncumqtte assartorum vas- 
torum et purpreatarariuii tam temporibus progenitc«am uos- 
troruni quondam Regum Anglioi quam noatro in chaciis 
et aliis lods pnedictia arrentatorum et euiuDc arrentan- 
dontm, una cum finibus pro ingressu bujusmodi assartorum 
vastorum et purpresturaram sic arrentandorum, et cum 
curiiB, Tiaibufl franci plegii, bundredia, wapeDta<^B, wrek, 
wayT et stray'» libertatibus regalibus, et liberia consuetudi- 
nibus, et omnibus aliis ad eadem caatra honores maneria 
hundreda et aUa terras tenementa et loea qualitercumque 
et ubicumque apectantibu^ ConcessimuB etiam pro nobis 
et bflwedibus oostris «idem filio nostro quod ipse et dicti 
bsrodee sui habeaot omnes fines redempdones et amercia- 
nenta onmnm hominum et tenmtium suorura de et in 
castris b<»ionbus msneriis bundredia villia tenia tene- 
menlia et aUis locis pnedictis sibi per nos sic dati% et 
eorum feodis, ac etiam in omnibus viltis hundredia et 
aliis locis unde annute firmse et redditus sibi inter csetera 
terras et tenementa prtadicta per noa concesai proveniunt ; 
necnon exitus forisEactos, et omnia quee ad nos et hseredes 
nostros pertinere potenint de anno die et vaato, forisfac- 
tuns et muTdris, in quibuscumque curiijs nostris et bteredum 
nosUvrum homines et tenentes illos (tam coram nobb et 
hseredibus nostris et in cancellaria nostra et hffiredum 
nostrorum, ac coram thesaurario et baronibua noatris 
et heeredum nostrorum de scaccario, qusm coram justi- 
tisriis nostris et beeredum nostrorum itinerantibus ad 
communia placita et ad placita forestte, ac etiam coram 
justitiariis nostris et bseredtun nostrorum de banco, et 
coram aenescallo et noarescaUo ac coronatore hospitii 
noetri et beeredum nostrorum et clerico de mercatOt 
ac coram aliis justitiariis et ministris nostris et haere- 
dum nostrorum quibuscumque) fines sen redemptionea 



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1» 

hein, tliat he the aaad towns of Grinsteac^ Seaford, and rhaouka 
Laughton, with «II their appurtenanoeB, albeit even they ^'^^'^^^ *' 
be towns in groBB of tbemseWfls, or whether as aforesaid fS^llJ;^'' 
they be pertaining to the said manor of Maresfield, castle «xh th* 
and Imcata of Pevensey, and castle and honor of Hckhill, P"" ^J|^ 
may hare and reUun together with the said castle manor 
and honor of TickhiU and the other lands and tenements 
aforesaid by us given to him as is premised, and with uKimjar 
the liberties acquittances and immunitieB imderwritten, ^^^f^- 
(which we granted to the alaresaid Queen to have in 
the said lands and tenements by her so held for her 
liie, M is evident to us by the inspection of the rolls 
of our chancery,) to have, use, and enjoy in tlie said 
castle maoor and honor of Tickhill, and the other cas- 
tlea manors h<»iors huDdreds^ and the towns of Orin- 
stead, Seaford, and Laughton, and tbe other lands te~ 
nements and places whatsoever, given by us as has 
been said to our said son, and in our said charter more 
fully spedfied, and in every part thereof — to our same 
son and the said heirs of his body begotten as is afore- 
said, in exchange as abovesaid under the manner and 
form contained in our same charter for ever, that •is 
to say, with knights' fees, advowsons of religious houses, Kniifatf 
hospitals, churdies and chapels, wardships, marriages, and •«■'• <•- 
escheats of all the tenants of tbe huiors, manors, lands, te- 
nements and other places aforesaid by us so given to our 
aforesaid son, together with chaser parks, woods, warrens, ctuM*, 
fairs, markets, waters, ways, fisheries, commons, assarts, 
wastes, and purpreetures, and also with the arrentations 
and rents of all manner of assarts, wastea, and purpresturee 
airented in the chases and other places aforesaid, as well 
in our time as in the times of our progenitors formerly 
Kings of England, and hereafter to be arrented, together 



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IS8 

facere vel amerciari, aut hujusmodi exitus murdra Beu 
forisfactuTBs annum diem et vastum adjudicari, contigerit, 
adeo plena et integre sicut nos ea baberemue si priedicta 
castra honores maneria hundreda villas terras tenemeDta 
et alia loca prsBdicta, eidem Jilio nostro wc data, in manu 
nostra retinuiHemuB. Ita quod ipse et dicti hseredes sui 
per manus ballivorum et miniBtrorum suorum fiaes redemp- 
Uones et amerdamenta homiuum et tenentium praedictorum 
exitUB forisfacto^ et omnia quae ad nos et bseredee nostros 
pertinere poterunt de anno die vaeto, forisfacturis et 
murdris, de et in castris bonoribuB naneriiB hundredis 
Tillia terns tenementts et aliis locis prsedictiB per nos nc 
datis ac eonim feodis, quae coram praedictis justitiatiis iti- 
nerantibus ad communia placita et ad pUdta foreatse, ac 
coram dictis senescallo et marescallo coronatore seu clerico 
fieri et adjudicari contigerit, per extractas eonimdem jua- 
titiariorum itinerantium in itineribus auis et senescalli 
et marescaiti et coronatoria ac clerici in seBsionlbuB suis 
eiadem balltris et ministris inde liberandas, necnon fines 
redemptiones et amerciamenta bominum et tenentium pre&- 
dictorum, ac exituB forisfactos, et omnia quse ad nos ct 
hieredes nostros pertinere poterunt de anno die et vaBto, 
foriBfacturis, et murdris, de et in castris honoribus 
maueriifi hundredis villia terris tenementis et aliiB locis 
praedictis per nos dc dads ac eorum feodis, qute coram 
nobis et bieredibue nostrie, vel in cancellaria nostra et 
heeredum nostrorum, seu coram tbeBatirario et baronibus 
nostiis et h{eredum nostrorum de scaccario, aeu coram 
justitiariis nostris et bteredum nostrorum de banco aut 
justitiariis ad assisas capiendas et gaolaa deliberandas 
seu juBtttiariis ad feloniaa et transgressiones audiendas et 
terminandas assignatis, vel coram aliis justitiariis seu mi- 
nistris noBtris et haeredum nostrorum quibuscumque fieri 



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with the fines for ingresB of the like BBsarts, wastes, and 
purprestures bo to be aireoted, and with courts, views of 
frankpledge, hundreds, wapentakes, wreck, waif and straj, Wnck- 
royal liberies and free customs, and all other things to the 
same castles, honors^ manors, hundreds, and other lands, 
tenements, and places howsoever and wheresoever belong- 
ing. We have also granted for us and our heirs to our Thmuii 
same son, that he and his said heirs may have all fines, ««Ui 
ransoms, and amercements of all their men and tenants 
of and in the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, 
lands, tenements, and other places aforesaid so given to 
him by us, and in their fees, and also in all the towns, 
hundreds, and other places whence the annual farms and 
rents by us granted to him among the other lands and 
tenements aforesiud do proceed ; and also forreited issues, Rnft'M u- 
and all things which can pert^u to us and our heirs '•"i°»''<^ 
of year, day, and waste, forfeitures and murders, in any 
soever of the courts of us and our heirs, where such 
men ^nd tenants shall happen to make fine or ransom 
or be amerced, or such issues, murders, forfeitures, year, 
day, and waste happen to be adjudged, as well before us ^^;°' 
and our heirs, and in the chancery of us and our heirs, and ^™**- 
before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer of us and 
our heirs, as before the justices of us and our heirs in eyre 
to hold common pleas and pleas of the forest, and also 
before the justices of the bench of us and our heirs, and 
before the steward and marshal and coroner of the house- 
hold of us and our heirs, and the clerk of the market, and 
before all other justices and ministers of us and our betrs 
whomsoever, as fully and entirely as we should have them if 
we had retuned in our band the aforesaid castles, honors, 
manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid ao given to our same son. So that he 



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129 

et adjudicari contigerit, per extractas scaccarii Dostri et 
bseredum nostrorum baUivis et ministriB died filii Doetri 
et dictorum beeredum suorum per raaaus vtcecomitum id 
quorum balliviB cafltra honores maneria hundreda vilUe 
teme tenementa et alia loca pmdicta, at est dictum, per 
DOS data, ac eorum feoda existunt, inde Uberandas, levare 
perapere et habere poasint, — sioe occasione vel impedi- 
mento noetri vel beeredum noBtrorum aut ballivorum seu mi- 
nistrorum nostrorum quonuncumque. Et quod idem fiUus 
noster et dicti hsBredee sui habeant in castria honoribus 
maneriis huudredis Tillia terns tenementis et aliis lods 
preedictis per dob nc dalis, ac eorum feodis, catalla felonum 
et fugiliTonim; ita quod at quis bomiuimi vel tenentium 
suorum aut alii in lods predictis vel eorum feodis pro 
delicto suo vitam vel membnim debeant amittere vel 
fugeriut et judicio stare noluerint, vel aliquod delictum 
fecerint pro quo catalla sua debeant perdere (ubicumque 
justitJB de eis fieri debeat sive in curia nostra vel 
beeredum noatrorum sive in aliis curiis) ipsa catalla 
siut prsefati filii nostri et dictorum hseredum suorum, et 
liceat eis bcu ministris suis sine occasione vel impedi- 
mento nostri vel hseredum noetrorum vicecomitum et alio- 
rum ballivorum seu miniBtrorum uOBtronim vel hseredum 
nostrorum quorumcumque ponere se in seifflnam de catallis 
prasdictis et ea ad usum dicti filii nostri et hseredum suo- 
rum retinere. ConcesBimus etiam prafato filio nostro pro 
nobis et hteredibus nostris quod ipse et diet! hseredes 
sul habeant in castris honoribus maneriis hundredis villis 
terris tenementis et aliis locis praedictis dicto filio nostra 
sic datiB, ac eorum feo^s, retoma omnium brevium nos- 
trorum et hffiredum noetrorum ac summonitionum extrac- 
tarum et prteceptorum de scaccario prsedicto necnoa prse- 
ceptonim et extractarum justitiarioruin nostrorum et bee- 



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1S9 

and his said heirs by the hands of his bailifis and ministerB Th* Dnk* 
may be able to lery, perceive, and have the finee, ransoms, """^ji!!^ 
and amercemente of the men aod tenants aforesaid, for- ^^'^^^1^ 
felted issues, and all things which to us and our heirs can '" ^^"^ 
pertain of year, day, and waste, forfeitures and murders, of 
and in the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, landsi 
tenements, and other places aforesaid by us so given, and ia 
their fees, — such as shall happen to be made and adjudged 
before the aforesaid justices in eyte to hold common pleas 
and pleas of the forest, and before the said steward aod 
marshal, coroner or clerk, by estreats of the same ju^ 
tices in eyre in their circuits, and of steward and marshal 
and coroner and clerk in their eescdons, to be delivered 
thereof to the same bailifis and ministers, — and also such 
the fines, ransoms, and amercements of the aforesaid men 
and tenants, and forieited issues, and all things which to 
us and our heirs can pertain of year, day, waste, for- 
feitures and murders, of and in the castles, honors, 
manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid by us so given, and in their fees, as shall 
happen to be made and adjudged before us and our heirs, 
or in the chancery of us and our heirs, or before the trea^ 
surer and barons of the exchequer of tis and our heirs, 
or before the justices of us and our heirs of the common 
bench, or our justices assigned to take the assizes and to 
deliver our gaols, or the justices assigned to hear and deter- 
mine felonies and trespasses, or before other the justices 
or ministers of us and our heirs whomsoever, by estreats of 
the exchequer of us and our heirs, to be delivered thereof 
to the btulifis and ministers of our said son and bis 
said heirs by the hands of the sherifis in whose bailiwicks 
the castles, honors, manors, hundreds^ towns, lands, tene- 
ments, and other places aforesaid given by us as afore- 



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180 

redum QOBtronim itiBerantium tam ad placita forest» 
quam ad communia placita, et aliorum juatitiarionitn 
quoriuDCumque, et executjones eorumdem brevium, sum- 
monitioDuni, extractanim et preeceptorum per balliTos et 
ministros suob faciendas. Ita quod nuUus vicecomes bal- 
Utus aut minister noeter vel haeredum noatrorum castra 
bonores maaeria villas terras tenementa et alia loca 
pnedicta, ut prasmittitur, per uos data, vel eorum feoda, 
ad officna aliqua sou alia offida sua tangentia facienda 
iogrediatur, nisi in defectum ipnus fiUi nostri aut dio- 
torum haeredum vel ballivoruni seu mioistrorum suorum. 
VolumuB insuper et concedimus pro Dobis et bteredibus 
nostria quod fii vicecomites vel ballivi libertatum huD- 
dredorum seu wapentachiorum iu aliquibus executtonibug 
pro eodem filio nostro aut dictJs beeredibus suis per brevia 
aire mandata Dostra, vel baeredum nostroram, aut quovis 
alio modo faciendis negligeotes fuerintvel remisei per quod 
ipsos in scaccario nostro seu aliis curiis nostris contigerit 
amerciari vel fines facere, quod fines et amerciamenta ilia 
sint dicti filii nostri et dictorum baeredum Buorum, et ad 
eorum opus leventur. Hiia testibus, venerabilibus patribua 
Simone Arehiepiscopo Cantuarienu totius Angliae Primate, 
Adam Menevensi Cancellario, Henrico Wigornensi llie- 
saurario, nostris, Episcopis, Edmundo Comite Cantabrigian 
Tboma de Wodestok Coostabulario Angliee, filiis nostris 
cariBsimiB, Henrico de Percy Marescallo Anglite, Jobanne 
de Ipre Senescallo bospitii nostri, Nicbolao Caireu Custode 
privati »gilli nostri, et aliis. Data per manum noBtram 
apud Shene quarto die Junii, anno regni nostri AnglisB 
quinquagedmo primo, regni vero nostri Frandse tricesimo 
octavo. NOS autem tam dictam cartam indentatam quam 
dictam aliam cartam, ac omnes donationes concessiones et 
omnia alia in eisdem cartts contenta pro nobis et haeredi- 



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180 

said, and their leea, do lie ; without let or hinderance of 
UB or our heirs, or of our bailiffi or nunisten whomaoerer. 
And that our some son and his said heirs may have in 
the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, lands, te- 
nements, and other places aforesaid by us so giyeu, and 
in their fees, the chattels of felons and fugitives, so that c&MMi at 
if any of their men or tenants or others in the places 
aforesaid, or in their fees, for their delinquency ought 
to lose life or limh, or shall flee and not be willing to 
stand their trial, or shall commit any offence for the which 
they ought to lose their chattels, (wheresoever justice shall 
be had of them, whether in the court of us or our heirs, or 
whether in other courts,) such chattels shall belong to 
our aforesud son and his sud heirs^ and that it shaU be 
lawful for them or their ministers to put themseWes in 
seizin of the chattels aforesaid, and retain them to the 
behoof of our sEud son and his heirs, without let or hiiH 
derance of us or our heirs, our sheriffs and other buliSb 
or ministers of us or our heirs whomsoever. We have also iMan «a* 
granted to our aforesaid son, for us and our heirs, that or-nnud 
he and his sud heirs may have in the castles, honors, J^^'' 
manors, hundreds, towns,, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid so given to our said son, and in their 
fees, the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and of 
summons, estreats, and precepts of the exchequer afore- 
sud, and also of the precepts and estreats of the justices 
of us and our heirs in eyre to hold as well pleas of the 
forest as common pleas, and of other justices whomso- 
ever, and the execution of the same writs, summons, es- 
treats, and precepts, to be made by their hailiflb and mU 
nisters. So that no sfaerifl^ buliff, or other minister of 
us or our heirs shall enter the castles, honors, manors, 
towns, lands, tenements, and other places aforesaid by US 



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ISl 

bus nostris, tenore prsesentium, ratificamus et confirmunu^ 
juxta teiKwem et effectum cartarum aupradictanun. la 
cnjiu rei testimonium has literas noetras fieri fedmnB pa- 
tentes. Teste me ipso apud Westmonaateriuin, quinto- 
decimo die Septembris, anno regni nostri prima NOS 
aotem donationes, coDceBuones, confirmationes, Ubertates, 
fraachesias et quietantias pnedictas, ac omnia alia et un- 
gula iQ dictis cartis et Uteris coiiteota, rata habentes et 
grata, ea, pro nobis et hieredibus nostris, quantum in nobis 
est, de gratia nostra speciali acceptamns, approbamus, et 
pnefato Duci et hieredibus snis preedtcris imperpetuum, 
tenore prtesentium, concedimus et confirmamus, sicut cartn 
et liters supradictse nirionabiliter testantur. Prseterea vo- 
lentes eidem Duci gratiam in hac parte focere ampliorem 
de gratia nostra speciali concessimue pro nobis et hsredibus 
nostris, et bac carta nostra confinnarimus quod licet ipse 
aliqua vel aliquibus donationum, coocessionum, confinna- 
tionnm, libertatum, franchesiarum et quietantiarum, aut 
aliorum in dictis cartis et Uteris contentonim, aliquo 
caau emergente, hactenus plane usus non fuerit, idem 
tamen Dux et bseredea sul pnedicti donationibus, conces> 
sionibus, eonfirmationibus, libertatibus, franchesits et quie- 
tantiis, ac omnibus aliis et singulis in cartis et Uteris 
preedictis, ut prKmittitur, contends, et eorum quolibet de> 
Cdetero plene gaudeant et utantur imperpetuum, sine occa- 
sione vel impedimento nostri vel bseredum nostrorum, justi- 
tiarionim, escaetorum, vicecomitum aut aUonim ballivorum 
seu ministrorum nostrorum vel bseredum nostrorum quo- 
rumcumque. Et ulterius, ad probitatem etrenuam et s^ 
pieotiam ezcenentissimam ac aUos multiplices mores et 
raerita praefad avunculi nostri, qui nuUis cedens laboribus 
vel expensis, se tarn in consiliis obsequiis et aliis agendis 
nobis et toti regno noetro fructuosis et honorificis semper 



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given as ie prembed, or their fees, to perfonn soy ofUcea, or 
other things touching their offices, unless in default of our 
same son or bis stud heirs, or of their bailifis or ministerB. 
And furthermore we will and grant, for us and our said »»■ md 
beire, that if the sherifi or buliffi of liberties, hundreds, or ^^^"^^ 
wapentakes be negligent or remiss in making any execu- ^£ j^"" 
tions for our same son ta bis said heirs, by writs or man- ° 
dates of us or our heirs, or in any other wise, whereby it 
shall happen that they be amerced or make fines in our 
exchequer or in other our courts, such fines and amerce- 
ments ^lall belong to our said son and his said heirs, 
and may be levied to their behoof. Tliese being wit- 
nesses, the venerable fathers, Simon Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, Primate of all England ; Adam Bishop of St 
David's, our Chancellor; Henry Bishop of Worcester, 
our Treasurer ; Edmund Earl of Cambridge^ and Thomas 
of Woodstock, Constable of England, our most dear sons ; 
Henry de Percy, Marshal of England; John de Ipre, 
Steward of our household ; Nicholas Carreu, Keeper of 
our privy seal, and others. Given under our hand at 
Sheen, on the fourth day of Jun^ in the fifty>first 
year of our reign of England, and the thirty-eighth of 
our reign of France. AND we, as well the said charter 
indented as the said other charter, and all the donations, 
grants, and all other things in the same charters con- 
tained, for UB and our heirs by the tenor of these pre- 
sents do ratify and confirm according to the tenor and 
efiect of the charters abovesud. In witness whereof we 
have caused these our letters to be made patent Wit- 
ness ourself at Westminster, on the fifteenth day of Sep- 
tember, in the first year of our reiiin. AND we, ratifying conammiKm 
, ■ , , . - ■ Ti oTtomotm 

and approving the donations, grants, confirmationB, liber- ^^||^ 

ties, franchises, and acquittances aforesud, and all and 



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189 

retroactia temporibue obuquioBum pariter et paratum ex- 
hibait et exhibet indefesse, condignam considerationem 
habentes, et volentea, prteniisBoruin iotuitu, prsefatum 
aTimculum Dostrum, qui pra caeteria in aapientia, strenui- 
tate et hoDore nobis et regno noetro pnedicto maxime 
valere et locum potiorem tenere potest, gratiis et faTori- 
buB amplioribua pnerogare, de ubeiiori gratia nostra, pro 
majori securitate ipsius Ducis avunculi nostri, deckrainue, 
concedimus, et conGrmamuB, pro nobis et haeredibuB nos- 
tris, prsefoto Duci, quod ipse ad totam vitam suam babeat 
omnes fines pro transgressione et aliia malefactis quibus- 
cumque ; ac etiam fines pro licentia concordandi, et omni- 
modoB alios fines, redemptiones, et amerciamenta, ex qua- 
cumque causa et per quamcumque causam provenientia, 
necnon exitus forisfactos de omnibus hominibus et tenentibus 
de et in terris et feodis priedicti Ducis, et de omnibus infra 
eadem terras et feoda residentibus, quanquam iJdem bo- 
mines, teneotes, seu residentes, ministri nostri vel bseredum 
nostrorum exbtant. Et quod idem Dux ad totam vitam suam 
babeat quascumque forisfacturas annum diem vastum et 
estreppamentum, et quicquid ad nos vel bseredes nostros 
pertinere potent de anno die vasto et estreppamento, fo- 
rishcturis et murdris, infra terras et feoda preedicta, in 
quibuBCumque curiie nostris et baeredum nostrorum sive in 
quacumque curia alterius, contigerit quod preedicti homi- 
nes, tenentee, seu residentes facient fines vel erunt amer- 
cnati, Tel exitus forisfacient, seu quod prsedicta annus dies 
vastum et estreppamentum, forisfactura vel murdrum, ad- 
judicata erunt, tam in praesentta nostra et heeredum nostro- 
rum, quam in absentia nostra et hceredunt nostrorum, et 
tam coram nobis et hEeredibua nostris, et in cancellaria nostra 
et hseredum nostrorum, ac coram thesaurario et baronibus 
de scaccario nostro et bseredum nostrorum, et coram justitia- 



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188 

UDgular other the things in the said charters and letters 
contwned, do, for ua and our heirs, as for as in us lies, 
of our especial grace accept and approve the same, and 
do grant and confirm them hj the tenor of these pr^ 
sents to the aforesaid Duke and his heirs afor^iud for ever, 
as the charters and letters aboresaid reasonably do wit- 
ness. Willing, moreover, to shew the same Duke more notwitk. 
ample favor in this behalf we have granted of our espe- ">»-'— '• 
cial grace for us and our heirs, and by this our charter 
have confirmed, that albeit, any case arising, he have not 
hitherto fully used any one or more of the donations, 
grants, confirmations, liberties, franchises and acquittances, 
or other things in the sud charters and letters contained, 
nevertheless the same Duke and bis heirs aforesud may 
henceforth fully enjoy and use for ever the donations, 
grants, confirmations, liberties, franchises, and acqiuttances, 
and all and singular other the things contained in the char- 
ters and letters aforesaid, as is premised, and every of 
them, without let or binderance of ua or our heirs, the ^,^^'** 
justices, escbeators, sheriSs, or other bailiSs or ministers ^i^"^' 
of us or our heirs whomsoever. And furthermore, hav- " 
ing condign consideration of the strenuous goodness and ^^"fh. 
most excellent wisdom, and other manifold merits and fu^"*^ 
good demeanour of our aforesaid uncle, who yielding to 
no labors or expenses bath ever in times past proved him- 
self, and yet unweariedly proves himself, equally ready and 
compliant in giving bis counsel, and in the performance of 
other duties profitable and honorable to us and our whole 
realm, and being desirous in regard of the premises to 
endow with ampler favors and grace our aforesaid uncles 
who, far beyond others in wisdom, prowess, and honor, 
is able to avail and stand us and our realm aforesaid in 
better stead, do, of our more abundant grace, for the 



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18S 

rits nostris et hteredum nostrorum de commum banco, necDoa 
ooram eenescallo et mareacallis seu coram ooronatoze hospitii 
Doatri et heeredum noetrorum vel derico meroad, qui pro 
tempore erimt, et in aliis curiis DOBtrie et lueredum noetro- 
rum, qusm coram justitiaiiis noBtzis itinerantibuB ad com- 
munia placita et ad placita forestie, justitiarib ad aaaiaas 
capiendaa et gaolas deliberandas, ac coram quibuBCumque 
aliis jufltilaania et miniatris nostris et heeredum nostrorum, 
tarn in preeeentia nostra et beeredum noatrorum, qnam in 
absentia nostra et hseredum nostrorum, adeo plene et integre 
sicut noB vel bsredes noatri ea hi^remus si iUa pra&to 
Dad non conceauBBemuB. Ita quod prsedictus Dux per 
manus ballivorum et alionim ministrorum auorum levare, 
percipere, et habere posait, fines, redemptioneB, et amercia- 
menta ipsorum hominum tenentiuin et residentium de et in 
terris et feodis prtedictis, exitus forisfaetos, et quicquid ad 
no8 Tel hseredes nostroa pertinere poterit de anno die vasto 
estreppamento, foiisfacturis et murdris, de et in terris et 
feodis prtedictia, quae coram dictis justitiariis itinerantibus 
ad communia pladta et ad placita forestee, ac coram prso- 
dictiB senescallo et mareacallia coronatore vel derico mer- 
cati, fieri seu adjudicari contigerit, per extractas eorum- 
dem justiUariorum itinerantium in itineribua suia, ac prse- 
dictorum senescalli marescallorum coronatoria et clerici in 
sesEionibUB auis, ballivis et miaistris prsedicti Duels inde 
liberandas ; ac etiam fines, redemptioaee, et amerciamen- 
ta de homioibus tenentibus et reaidentibus prtedictis, ac 
exitus foriafactos, et omnia quee ad nos vel bteredea noBtros 
pertinere potenmt de anno die vasto estreppamento, foris- 
facturia et murdris, de et in terris et feodia prasdictis, quae 
coram nobis vel basredibus nostris, vel in cancellaria nostra 
et hieredum noBtrorum, seu coram tbesaurario et baronibua 
de scaccano nostro et hwredum nostrorum, vel coram jua- 



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188 

greater aemaitj of the same Dake our uncle, declare, grant, te, mhd «c 
and omfinn for ua and our heirs to the aforesaid Duke, ^','^'"" 
that he for the whole of bis life may have all fines for trea- Finaia 
pass and other miadeeds whatsoever, and also fines for li- p»^Bc*iBd 
cence to agree, and all manner of other fines, ransoms, and ^^*- 
amercMnenta, firom whatever cause and through whatever mmihm*. 
cause proceeding, and also forfeited issues in respect of 
all the men and tenants of and in the lands and fees of 
the aforesud Duke, and in respect of all resiants within 
the same lands and fees, albeit the same men, tenanta, or 
resiants be ministers of us or our heirs. And that the f«m(«r>, 
same Duke, for the whole of his life, may have all manner ud 'wim 
of forfeitures, year, day, waste, and estrepement, and what- 
ever to us or our heirs can pertun of year, day, waste, and 
estrepement, forfeitures and murdem, within the lands and 
fees aforesaid, in what courts soever, of us and our heirs, or imrotna 
in whatever court of any other it may happen that the uiohiii. 
aforesaid men, tenants, or resiants shall make fines or be 
amerced or forfeit issues, or ^t the aforesaid year, day, 
wast^ and estrepement, forfeiture or murder, be adjudged 
— as well in presence of us and our heirs as in absence of ua 
and OUT heirs, and as well before us and our heirs, and in 
the chancery of us and our heirs, and before the treasurer 
and barons of the exchequer of us and our heirs, and be- 
fore the justices of the common bench of us and our heirs, 
and also before the steward and marshals, or before the 
coroner of the household, of us and our heirs, or the clerk 
of the market for the time being, and in other the courts 
of us and our heirs, as before our justices in eyre to bold 
common pleas and pleas of the forest^ our justices assigned 
to take the assizes and to deliver our gaols, and before all 
other justices and ministers of us and our heirs whomso- 
ever, as well in presence of us and oar heirs as in absence 



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184 

titiarits nostris et liEerediim noetrorum de communi banco» 
sive coram justitiariis ad asaisaa capiendas et gsolas de- 
liberandas, aut justitiarila ad traDsgreeeioneH et felonias 
audieadaa et tcrminandas aa^g^iatis, eeu coram aliis justi- 
tiariia vel miaistris noetria quibiucumque et hteredum noa- 
tTOTum, fieri vel adjudicari contigeritt per extractas de scac- 
cario ii08tTo et hxeredum nostrorum, ballivis et miDistris 
prsefati Duels, per maaus Ticecomitum in quorum ballivis 
dicta terree et feoda existunt, inde liberandas ; — sine occ»- 
sione vel impedimento nostri vel bseredum □oatrorum, jiu- 
titiarionim, vicecomitum, escaetorum, aut aljorum minb- 
tronim nostrorum et bseredum noetrorum quorumciimque. 
Et quod prtedictuB Dux ad totam vitam suam per ee et 
tntnietroe suob in omnibus terris et feodis priedictis, tarn 
in pnesentia nostra et heeredum nostrorum quam in ab- 
sentia nostra et hseredum nostrorum, faciat et babeat 
Bssuam et assisam panis vini et cervius et omnimodorum 
aliorum victualium quorumcumque ac aliorum ad officium 
clerici de mercato nostri et heeredum noatrorum pertinen- 
tium, cum punitione eorumdem quotieus et quando expe- 
diens fuerit et necesse: ac etiam bid>eat et percipiat fines 
amerciameuta et redemptiones ac omnimoda proficua inde 
provenientia; ita quod clericus mercati noatri et hieredum 
nostrorum non ingrediatur dicta terras vel feoda pro aliqui- 
bus ad officium suum pertinentibus faciendis seu exercendis. 
Et quod pnedictuB Dux ad totam vitam suam habeat catalla 
fugitivorum et felonum tarn felonum de se quam aliorum 
quorumcumque ac utlagatorum ex quacumque causa omni- 
um bominimi et tenendum de et in terris et feodie pn&- 
dictis, necnon omnium residentium infra eadem terras et 
feoda, quanquam lidem bomines teoentes aut residentes 
ministri nostri vel hteredum nostrorum existant: ita quod 
si aliquis hominum et tenentium de ct in terris et feodis 



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184 

of us and our heire, — as fully aad entire!; as we or our Jj/^j^ 
beirs would hare them if we had oot granted them to the 
aforesaid Duke. So that the aforesaid Duke by the hauds TuaDui» 
of his bailiffs and other ministers may be able to levy, per- ^°*„^ci'n, 
mve, and have the fines, ransoms, and amercements of the ^ "li*^" 
same men, tenants, and reaianta of and in the lands and " 
fees aforesaid, forfeited issues, and whatever to us or our 
heirs can pertwn of year, day, and waste, estrepement, for- 
feitures, and murders, of and in the lands and fees afore- 
Bud, which shall happen to be made or adjudged before 
the sud justices in eyre to hold common pleas and pleas 
(tf the forest» and before the aforesaid steward and mar- 
ahals, coroner, or clerk of the market, by estreats of the 
same justices in eyre in their circuits, and of the aforesaid 
steward, marshals, corona, and clerk, in their srasions, 
to be delivered thereof to the bailiK and ministers of the 
aforesaid Duke ; and also the fines, rosBoms, and amerce- 
ments of the aforesud men, tenants, and resiants, and for- 
feited issues, and all things which to us or our heirs can 
pertain of year, day, waste, estrepement, forfeitures, and 
murders, of and in the lands and fees aforesaid, which 
shall happen to be made or adjudged before us or our 
heirs, or in the chancery of us and our heirs, or before 
the treasurer and barons of the exchequer of us and 
our heirs, or before the justices of us and our heirs of 
the common bench, or before our justices assigned to 
take the assizes and to deliver our gaols, or the justices 
assigned to hear and determine trespasses and felonies, 
or before other the justices or ministers of us and our 
heirs whomsoever, by estreats of the exchequer of us 
and our heirs, to be delivered thereof to the bailiffs and 
ministers of the aforesaid Duke by the huids of the sheiifis 
in whose bailivicks the s^d lands and fees do lie; — without 



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lis 

pnedictJB sau aliquis leeidentium in dictie terns et feodis, 
aut aliquis alius in eiadem tenia et feodis, pro aliquo suo 
malefacto quocomque debeat vitam vel membrum amittere, 
seu fugiat, et judicio stare noluerit, aut aliquam aliam 
tranagressionem facial pro qua ipse debet perdere catalla 
sua, (in quo loco juatitia de eo fieri debeat, ure in curia 
nostra et htcredum noatrorum rel in aliis curiis,) catalla 
ilia eiat pnedicti Ducis: et quod liceat ei seu ministris 
aula ponere se in sebioam dictorum catallorum et eadem 
catalla ad opua pnefiiti Ducis retinere ;— sine occasione vel 
impedimento noetri rel lueredum nratrorum» Ticecomitum* 
escaetorum, aut aliorum balliTOrum seu mioistrorom noa- 
troTum et bseredum nostrorum quorumcunaque. Et quod 
prsefotua Dux ad totam vitam suam habeat retorna omnium 
brevium nostrorum et hserediun noatrorum, necnon sum- 
monitionum extractarum et pneceptorum de acaccario Dostro, 
et de acaccario hteredum aostrorum, ac eztractarum et pne- 
ceptorum juetitiariorum nostrorum et lueredum nostrorum 
itiueranUum tam ad placita foreatK quam ad communia 
placita, ac aliorum jusritiariorum quorumcumque, necnon 
attachiamenta tam de placitis coronae quam aliorum in omni- 
bus tenia et feodie prtedtctiB. Et quod prtedictua Dux ad 
totam vitam suam per se et per ballivoe et ministros auoe 
habeat in eisdem terria et feodis executionem eorumdem 
brevium aummonitionum extractarum et prfficeptorum. Ita 
quod nulluB vicecomes ballivufl seu alius minister noster 
vel hseredum nostrorum pnedicta terras et feoda ingredia- 
tur pro aliquo officio vel aliqua re officium auum tangen- 
ts faciendo, ni« in defecta ipsiua Ducia vel minbtrorum 
Buorum. Et ulterina concedimua et hac carta nostra con- 
firmavimus pro nobis et dictis hteredibus nostris quod ai 
vicecomites vel balUvi libertatum hundredorum sen wapen- 
tacbiorum, in aliquibus executionibus pro predicto Duce, 



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18$ 

let or hinderaiicfl of us or our beirs, or of our justices, witb«iM 
slierifisi escheatOTB, or other miniBtera of us &tid our heirs Kbw'i 
whomBoever. And that the aforesaid Duke, for the whole ahit m 
of his lif^ by himself and bis miDistera, in all the lauds tn«i, hhi 
and fees aforesiud, as well in presence of ua and our heirs 'f'^Tj^"**^ 
as in absence of ua and our beirs, may make and have ^;^»^"" 
the assay and assize of bread, wine, and ale, and of all 
manner of other victuals whatsoever, and of other things 
pertaining to the office of the clerk of the market of us 
aod onr heirs, together with the punishment thereof when- 
ever and so often as it shall be necessary and expedient; 
and also that he may have and perceive the fines, amerce- 
ments, and ransoms, and all manner of profits thence pro- 
ceeding, so that the clerk of the market of us and our hnrs 
shall not enter the said lands or fees to do or exercise any 
matters pertaining to bis office. And that the aforesud chutriiof 
Duke, for the whole of his life, may have the chattels of fugiuvei. 
fugitives and felons, as well felons of themselves as of 
btliers whomsoever, and of outlaws for any cause soever, 
of all the men and tenants of and in the lands and fees 
aforesaid, and also of all reeiants within the same lands 
and fees, albeit the same men, tenants or resiants be 
ministers of us or our heirs, so that if any of the men 
and tenants of and in the lands and fees aforesaid, or any 
of the resiants in the said lands and fees, or any other 
person in the same lands and fees, for any misdeed whaU 
soever, ought to lose life or limb, or shall fiee and not be 
willing to stand their trial, or shall commit any other tres- 
pass for the which they ought to lose their chattels (in 
wbatsoover place justice ehsU be had of them, whether in 
the court of us and our heirs or in otiier courts), such 
chattels shall belong to the aforesaid Duke i And Uiat it 
shall be lawful for him or bis ministers to put Uiemselves in 



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186 

per brevia seu raaadata nostra vel hEeredum noBtrorumj 
seu aliquo alio modo, faciendis, negligentes fuerint Tel 
remi^i, per quod contigerit ipsoB amerciari aut fiaes facere 
in scaccario vel in aliis curiis noBtria et heeredum noBtro< 
rum, hujuBmodi fines et amercianieuta sint prsefati Duds, 
et quod leventur ad opus ipsius Ducis per ministroB suob 
Bupradictos, durante vita sua. Et quod pnedictus Dus. ad 
totam vitam suam babeat infra omnia praedicta terras et 
feoda omnimoda cat&lla Tocata wayf et stray, deodanda, 
thesaurum inventum ac alias res vet catalla inventa; et 
quod ipse per se et ministros suos sei&ire et capere possit 
ad voluntatem suam ad opus praedicti Ducis, wayfs et 
strayes, deodanda, thesaurum inventum ac alia inveata 
supradicta. Et quod priedictus Dux ad totam vitam Buam 
habeat queecumque bona et, catalla vocata manuopera cap- 
ta vel capieada cam quacumque persona infra terras et 
feoda prgedicta, ac per eandem perBonam coram quocum- 
que judice deadvocata. Salvis semper et reservatis pr^ato 
Dud, et hasredibus euis prsedictis, omnimodis aliis privi^ 
legiis, immunitalibus, et quietantiis, eis, per nos aut per 
dictum arum nostrum, datis conceasis seu confirmatis. Hiis 
testibua, venerabilibus patribua Willielmo Cantuariensi to* 
tius Anglisa Primate, Thoma Eboracensi AnglisB Primate, 
Caucellario noBtro, ArchiepiscopiB, Roberto Londinensi, Ro- 
berto Cicestrensi, Uderoan Wigomensi, EpiscopiB, Edmundo 
Eborum, Thoma Gloucestriae, Ducibus, avunculis nostris ca- 
rissimiB, Edwardo Rotelandce, Ricardo Arundellife, Thoma 
Marescallo et Notinghamise, Henrico Northumbrian Coml- 
tibus, Rogero Walden Thesaurario nostro, Thtnna de Percy 
Seneecallo hoepitii nostri, Ouidone Mone Custode privati 
sigilli noBtri, et aliia. Data per mauum nostram apud 
WestmooaBterium viceeimo nono die Junii, anno regni 
noetri vicesimo. — plenius continetur. 



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186 

seizin of the said chattels, and the Bame chattels to retain Hir»'» 
to the behoof of the aforesaid Duke; — without let or hin- ^"""^ 
derance of ua or our heirs, or of our sheriffs, escheators, ^^ ^ 
or other bailiffi or ministers of us and our heirs whomso- "'*""' 
ever. And that the aforesaid Duke, for the whole of his jtium «a 
life, may have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, «nu, <un- 
and also of Bummons, estreats, and precepts^ of our ex- ^^^j^"^ 
chequer and of the exchequer of our heirs, and of the 
estreats and precepts of the justices of us and our heirs 
in eyre to bold as well pleas of the forest as common 
pteas, and of other justices whomsoever, and also the at- ^'*^^f^' 
tachmeot as well of pleas of the crown as of others in "xo""™- 
all the lands and fees aforesaid. And tiiat tiie afore- 
said Duke, for the whole of his liCe^ by himself and by his 
bailiK and minbters may have in the same lands and fees 
the execution of the same writs, summons, estreats, and 
precepts, so that no sheriff, buliff, or other minister of Ki>i)i«ur<>r 
us or our hein shall enter the aforesaid lands and fees to ^^q^^^ 
perform any office, or anything touching his office, unless 21)™ *" ■"' 
in default of the same Duke or his ministers. And fur- hb« aa 
tiiermore we do grant, and by this our charter have con- '^^^' 
finned, for us and our sud heirs, that if the sherifJE or i*!^)^^^ 
bailifis of liberties, hundreds, or wapentakes be negligent ' 
or remiss in making any executions for the aforesaid Duke 
by writs or mandates of us or our heirs, or in any other 
wise whereby it shall happen that they be amerced or 
make fines in the exchequer or in other the courts of us 
and our heirs, such fines and amercements shall belong 
to the aforesaid Duke, and that they may be levied to the 
behoof of the same Duke by his ministers ^ovesaid dur- 
ing his life. And that the aforesaid Duke, for the whole of vtytfoi 
bis life, may have within all the afore»ud lands and fees 
all manner of diattels called wayf and stray, deodands, ntodudi. 



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187 
S'^H^ dictam hfereditatem oostram, 
aut libertates ejusdem, occafiione instaatis aaaumptioniB re- 
galia status etdignitatisnoBtrffi in aliquomutariftransfern^di- 
minui, seu derogari, sed eandem hsereditatem Dostram cum 
juribus et libertatibus auis prtedictia, ^sdem modo, foniia, 
coaditione, et statu quibus nobis descenderaut et eTenerant, 
ac etiam cum omnibus et singulis talibuB libertatibus et fran- 
cbesiis, ac aliis privilegiis, commoditatibuB, et proficuis qui- 
buBCumque, quibus prsedictus dominuB et pater noster, dum 
vixit, eam, ad terminum vitra sute, ex concessione pnedicti 
Ricardi nuper Regis, habuit et tenuit, nobis et dtctis hferedi- 
bue nostris in dictis cartis specificatis, plenarie et integre 
conservari, continuari, et haberi, volumus, ac teuore pne- 
sentium ex certa scienda nostra, de assensu prsesentis par- 
liamenti nostri, concedinius, declaramus, discemimus, et 
ordinamus, pro nobis et bseredibus noetris, quod tam 
ducatus noster Lancastriee, quam uniTersa et sisgula alia 
comitatuB, bonores, castra, maneria, feoda, advocadones, 
possesuonee, annuitates et dominia qusecumqu^ nobis, 
ante adeptionem dignitatis noetrs regiee, qualitercumque 
et ubicumque, jure heereditario, in dominico servido vel in 
reversione, seu alias qualitercumque discensa, nobis et dictis 
haeredibus noetris in cartis pnedictis apecificatis, in forma 
prsedicta remaneant imperpetuum, et quod taliter et tali 
modo, et per tales offlciarios et ministroe in omnibus dedu- 
cantur, gubementur, et pertractentur, sicut remanere, de- 
duct, gubeman, et pertractari deberent si ad culmen dig- 
nitatis regtse assumpti minime fuissemus, ac insuper quod 
talia et bujnsmodi libertates, jura regalia, consuetudines et 
franchesis, in ducatu, comitatibus, honoribus, castris, 
maneriis, feodis, ac cseteris posseseionibus et dominiis 
pTsedictis, in omnibus et per omnia, imperpetuum babean- 
tur, exerceantur, continuentur, fiant et utantur, et per 



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187 

treasure trove, «nd other things or chattels fouDd; aad thuuis 
that he by himself and his ministers may he ahle to seize 
aad take at their pleasure, to the behoof of the aforesaid 
Duke, the vayfe and strays, deodands, treasure trove, and 
other things found as abovesaid. And that the aforesaid kiIdodi. 
Duke, for the whole of his life, may have all manner 
of goods and diattels called Mainour, taken or to be 
taken upon any person soever within the lands and fees 
aforeswd, and by the same person disclaimed before any 
judge soever; saving always and reserved to the aforesaid siTingsfii- 
Duke and bis heirs aforesaid all manner of other privileges, ^^ '" 
immunities, and acquittances, given, granted, or confirmed 
to tbem by us OT by our said grandfather. These being 
witnesses, the venerable htbers, William Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Primate of all England ; Thomas Archbisbop 
of York, Primate of England, our Chancellor; Robert 
Bishop of London ; Robert Biebop of Chichester ; Tideman 
Bishop of Worcester; Edmund Duke of York, and Tho- 
mu Duke of Gloucester, our most dear uncles; Edward 
Earl of Rutland ; Richard Earl of Arundel ; Tbomaa Earl 
Marshal and of Nottingham; Henry Earl of Northum- 
berland ; Roger Walden, our Treasurer ; Thomas de Percy, 
Steward of our household; Guy Mone, Keeper of our 
privy seal ; and others. Given under our band at West- 
minster, on the twenty-ninth day of June, in the twentieth 
year of our reign. 

^7 IS, — ^not willing that our said heritage, or the liberties ^^^^f 
thereof be in aught changed, transferred, lessened, or dero- ^^"^ 
gated from, on account of our present assumption of the ^l^^ 
royal estate and dignity, but that our same heritage, with ^lund^ 
its rights and libertieB aforesaid, in the same manner, unimp£>'n 
statf^ form, and condition, in which it descended and «koUii 
came to us, and also with all and angular Budi liberties 



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tales officiarioa «t mmietros guberaentur et exequantur, 
quae et qualia et per qu&les officiarioa et ministroa, tarn 
tempore dicti domini et patrie nostri, quam temporibus 
aliorum progeaitorum et anteceBSonim nostrorum, in eisdem 
ducatu, comitatibuB, honoribus, castris, maneriis, fieodis, 
ac aliis possessionibus et dominiis pnedictie, oU et haberi* 
ac regi et gubemari coDBQererunt, virtute cartanim prte- 
dictarum : Volentes ulterius et concedentea, ac pro nobis et 
h»redibu3 nostris prffidicds, ex certa scieatia nostra et de 
assensu prsedictis, plenarie declarantee, quod uniTersi et 
singuli teaentes nostri de ducatu, comitatibuB, honoribus, 
maneriis, feodis, ac aliis possessionibus et domiiuis pre- 
dictis, etbaaredes sui, adeo liberi sint et in omnibus talis ac 
adeo libers et illes» conditionis, tarn in ingressibua suis in 
ba^reditates suas post mortem antecessorum suorum, quam 
in tenuris suis, ac alias qualitercumque, aicut esse possent 
et deberent, de consuetudine vel de jure, si dicta dignitas 
nostra regia nobis nusquam acddiBset, dicta assumptjone 
nostra dignitatis regiee, aut eo quod ducatus, comitatus, 
honoree, castra, maneria, feoda, advocationes, posses- 
slonea, dominia et libertates preedicta in manu nostra 
jam existunt^ seu aliqua interrupdone, cessatione, vel dia- 
contjnuatione libertatum preedictarum, seu aliqiubus aliis 
occasionibuB, cauais, coloribus, vel impedimentis quibus- 
cumque, quae incontrarium prsesentis voluntatis, concea- 
sioois, et declaratioois nostre vigorem seu e^ctum ali- 
quem habere nolumus, in aliquo non obstantibus. Proviso 
semper quod tenentes nostri infra coroitatum nostrum 
palatJDum LancaatriEe hsreditates suas in manum nostram 
et dictorum beeredum nostrorum in dictis cards spedfica- 
torum, post mortem antecessorum suorum, seu alio modo 
seisiendas et capiendast extra eandem manum nostram, et 
dictorum hssredum nostrorum in cards preedicds specifica- 



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and franchiaes, and other pnTilegeS) advantages, and profits "^ *i|? 
whatsoeTer, with which our aforesaid lord and father, whilst J^„7.'',|f'' 
he lived, had and held the same, for the term of his life, b; ^^*^' 
grant from the aforesaid late King Richard, shall be to us ■nan'^Ma- 
and our said heirs in the said charters specified, fully and 
entirely kept, continued, and had; — will, and by the tenor Sftiiadnr*» 
of these presents, of our certain knowledge, and with the ^^??^ 
assent of our present parliament, do grant, declare, decree, tET^^S^Xc 
and ordun, for us and our heirs, that as well our duchy of tomuSDu 
Lancaster, as all and singular the other counties, honors, ■a«ii«io 
castles, manors, fees, advowsons, possessions, annuities, 
and lordships whatever, to us howsoever and wheresoever 
descended before our adoption of the royal dignity, by 
hereditary right, in demesne, in service, or in reversion, or 
otherwise howsoever, shall for ever remain to us and our 
said heirs in the charters aforesaid specified in form afore- 
said; and that they so and in such wise, and by such 
officers and ministers, in all things be managed, governed, 
and treated, as they would have remained, been managed, 
governed, and treated, if we had never assumed the ensign 

of roval diimity. And, moreover, that such and the like tiuiuim 
,.,:,. . - i_- ■ i_ -J «"««i" *oa 

liberties, jura regalia, customs, and Irancbises, in tne said >»"*■"■ 

duchy, counties, honors, castles, manors, fees, and other ^,^'^ 

possesions and lordships aforesud, in all, and throughout ^^^ 

all, be bad, exercised, continued, done, and used for ever, fhi^il^ 

and they by such officers and ministers be governed and exe- vnniwii 17 

cuted, as and which were wont to be had and used in the P^"** 

same duchy, counties, honors, casties, manors, fees, and 

other possessions and lordships, and by whom they were 

woDt to be ruled and governed, as well in the time of our 

said lord and father, as in the times of other our pro> 

genitors and ancestors, by virtue of the charters aforesaid: 

Willing, furthermore, and granting, and for us and our heirs 



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1S9 

tonim, per liberatioDem in cancellaria r^alitads ibidem 
habendam, proBequantur, ut est inoris et fuerit faciendum 
rationfl regalitatis eupradicte ; et quod prserqgatira nostra 
quoad maritagia et proficua maritagionim bseredum alionim 
tenentjum Doetrorum, extra dictum comitatum palatinum, 
seisienda et habenda, locum babeat et vigorem. Volumua 
iuBuper et coDcedinua, pro Dobie et hsredibuB nostris, ex 
certa scientia noBtra et aaaenBU prtedictie, quod universa 
et singula beneficia ecclesiastica ad bsereditatem noBtram 
prffidictam apecttrntia, per nos et dictog beeredes nostros in 
dictis cartis specificatoB, continue futuris temponbus con- 
ferantur: Ita quod cancellariug vel thesaurariuB Anglis 
pro tempore existentes, aeu quivia aliuB offidarius regin«, 
de collatione vel prssentation^ seu etiam de Tiaitatione 
beoeficionun bnjusmodi, ratione officionun auorum, ee 
nullatenua intromittant in fiituro. Volumua etiam et con- 
cedimue, pro Dobis ef hnredibus nostris, ex certa scientia 
nostra et de assensu preedictiB, quod omnes et singuli re- 
ceptores, feodarii, firmarii, balliTi, priepositi, officiarii, ac 
quicamqae alii serrientes et ministri noBtri, et dictorum 
bseredum nostrorum in dictis cartis specificatorum, prse- 
dictorum ducatus, comitatuum, honorum, castrorum, 
maneriorum, feodorum, posseBsionum, dominionim et 1i- 
bertatum, de omnibus et singulis deuariis, firmis, reddi- 
tibuB, exitibus, reventionibus, et proficuis qtiibuscumque 
de eisdem ducatu, comitatibus, honoribuB, castris» ma- 
neriis, feodis, poesessionibus, dominiis et libertatibus, 
qualitercumque provenientibus, coram certie specialibus 
auditoribus, officiariis et ministris, per nos et dictos 
bseredes nostroB in cartis pnedictis specificatos de tem- 
pore in tempus ad hoc limttandis et asugnandie, duntaxat, 
et non coram theeaurario et baronibus de scaccario re- 
gie, computent et respondeant continue infuturum. Ita 



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189 

aforesaid, of our certain knowledgfl and witb the aasent Th*tcnuiu 
aforesaid, fully declaring, that all and singular our tenants ^,*^,,'^,, 
of the ducby, counties, honors, manors, fees, and other poa- J^!*!!? 
sesuooB and lordships aforesaid, and their heirs, may be as ^ un»- 
free, and in all respects of such and of as unimpaired and 
free condition, as well in their entries upon their in- 
heritances after the death of their ancestors as in their 
tenures, and otherwise howsoever, as they could and ought 
to be by custom or of right if our said royal dignity had 
never falleu to us, our said assumption of the royal dignity 
notwithstanding, or notwithstanding that the duchy, coun- 
ties, honors, castles, manors, fees, advowsons, possessions, 
lordships, and liberties aforesaid are now in our hands, or 
any interruption, cessation, or discontinuance of the liberties 
aforeswd, or any other lets, causes, colors, or impediments 
whatsoever (which we will not to have any force or eflect to 
the contrary of this our present will, grant, and declara" 
tion,] in anywise notwithstanding. Provided always, that ProTiwto 
our tenants within our county palatine of Lancaster may ^*,^"' 
sue their inheritances (to be taken and seized into the i"'^"' 
hands of us and our said heirs in the said charters specified 
after the death of their ancestors or in other manner) out 
of the same hands of us and our said heirs in the aforesaid 
charters specified, by livery to be had in the chancery of 
the regality there, as is the custom, and would have been 
done by reason of the abovesud regality; and that our sanngtiM 
prerogative m respect oi seizing and bavmg the marriages utam»- 
and the profits of the nuuriages of the heirs of other our ^5,^21"^ 
tenants out of the said county palatine have effect and 
vigor. We will moreover and grant, for us and our heirs, nimMiiarw 
of our certain knowledge and with the assent aforesaid, ^f^^"^. 
that all and singular ecclesiastical beneGces belonging to ^u^tT 
our heritage aforesud shall in time to come be conferred n^. 



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140 

quod thegaurariuB et barones de ecaccario pnedicto, de 
aliquibus hujusmodi denariia, finnis, redditdbus, exitibus, 
reventionibus aut proGcuia, seu de aliquibus compotia, Tel 
ratiocinuB inde audiendis, habeDdie, reddendis, vel tenni- 
DandiB infuturum, se doo mtromittfttit ullo modo. Id 
cujus tei teslimoDiam bas literas nostras fieri fecimus 
patentee. Teste me ipso apud WeBtmonasterium, quarto 
decimo die Octobris, anno regni aostri primo. 

Per ipsum Kegem et de asaensu Parliameoti. 



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140 

uniDtomiptedly b^ us and our said beira in the stud cfaarten 
epedfied : so that in future the chaocellor or treaeurer of 
Englsod (or the time being, or any other royal officer, do in 
nowise intermeddle in the collatiou or presentation, or even 
in the Tiritatioo, of the like benefices by reason of their 
offices. We will also and grant, for us and our heirs, of ^ ^ 
our certain knowledge and with the assent aforesaid, that i£^^ni« 
all aud singular receivers, feodaries, farmers, bailiffs, reeres, ""-"^ 
officers, and other the servants and ministers whosoever of ^^^'^• 
us and our said heirs in the said charters spedfied of the 
aforesaid duchy, couoties, honors, castles, manors, fees, 
possessions, lordships, and liberties, for all and singular 
sums of money, farms, rests, issues, revenues, and profits 
whatever in any manner proceeding from the same duchy, 
counties, honors, castles, manors, fees, possessions, lordships, 
and liberties, shall without interruption account and answer 
in future before certain special auditors, officers, and minis- 
ters from time to time to be hereunto limited and assigned 
only by us and our swd beirs in the charters aforesaid spe- 
cified, and not before the treasurer and barons of the royal 
exchequer. So that the treasurer and barons of the ex> 
chequer aforesaid shall not in any wise intermeddle in 
future in any the like monies, forms, rents, issues, 're> 
venues, or profits, or in the auditing, having, renderings 
or determining any the accounts or reckonings thereof. In 
witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be 
made patent. Witness ourself at Westminster, on the 
fourteenth day of October, in the first year of our reign. 
By the King himself and with the assent of ParUament 



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Rululus Pftrliamcnli sumnioniti et tentj spud WestiDon 
Lunn iti fcsto sancM Fidis Viiginia, tuino rcgni Regis Henrici Qututi 
post CoD()ueBtuin primo. 

Qe le Prince porte le noun de Due de 
Lancastre. 

EM, Dostre dit Seigniour le Roy considerant 
loment luy Dieu tout-puiBsant de sa grande 
^ace luy ad mys en I'onurable eetat da Roy, 
t pourtant il ne poet mesmee pur certeine 
cause porter le noun de Due de Lfuicastre en son estile : 
Et auxi mesme oostre Seigniour le Roy considerant 
coment eel honurable noun et eBtat de Due ad este 
mesnez et goveruez moelt hoaurablement en I'onurable 
pereone de son pier, qi Dieu assoilei et dee pleusours 
ses hoDurables auncestres : Et veullant sur ceo que le 
dit noun de Due de Lancastre eoit continuez en bonur 
come affiert, de radvis et assent des touts lez Seigniours 
espirituelx et tetnporelx, et de les Communes avaunt- 
ditz, ad ordeignez que Henry son eisnez filz ait et 
porte le noun de Due de Laneaetre, et q''il soit nomez 
Prince de Galea, Due d'Aquitaigne, de Lancastre, et de 
CornewaUle, et Count de Cestre. Et outre ceo, mesme 
notre Seigniour le Roy considerant coment diverses li- 
bertees et franchisee uent este grantez devant ces heurea, 
si bien a son dit pier come as autres ses auncestres Dues 
et Counts de Lancastre, voet et grante, de I'advya et assent 
avauntditz, que mesmea les liberteea et franchisee soient et 



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Roll of the Puliamcnt Hmnmoned and holdcn at Westminster, on 
Monday the fcMt of Saiot Fnith the Virgin (6th October), in the firat 
yc«r of the reign of King Henr; the Fourth after the Cooqaest. 

That the Prince «ay bear the nahe of Duke 
OP Lancaster. 

P^LSO, our said Lord the King conBidering how iwhK». 
1 Almighty God of his great grace hath placed *»■ )»•. 

him in the honorable estate of King, and 
I neverthelesB he cannot yet for certain cauee 
bear the name of Duke of Lancaster in his style: And Hnn.tb* 
also, our same Lord the King considering how this ho- f°|^*^„u^ 
oorable name and station of Duke hath been most ^^j^^, 
honorably treated and governed in the honorable person ^iS^S', 
of his father, on whom may God have mercy, and of ^i.'ti^' 
his several honor^le ancestors: And on that account ch«tcr. 
being willing that the said name of Duke of Lancaster 
be continued in honor, as is meet, hath ordained, by and 
with the advice and assent of all the Lords spiritual and 
temporal, and of the Comtnons aforesaid, that Henry, 
bis eldest bod, do have and bear the name of Duke of 
Lancaster, and that he be named Prince of Wales, Duke 
of Aquitaine, of Lancaster, and of Cornwall, and ELarl of 
Cheater. And, moreover, our same Lord the King, con- Thtftu- 
sidering how divers liberties and franchises have been J^^*^^ 
granted before these times, as well to his said father as ^)tm^'"' 
to other his ancestors Dukee and Earls of Lancaster, difl^i^' 
wills and grants, by and with the advice and assent (nwo. 



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demor^nt a son dit eisnez filz, et see heires Dues de Lati- 
castre, disseverez de la corone d'Engleterre quitement et 
eotienneDt, solonc I'effect et purport de les grantee avauut- 
dites. Et sur ceo motistra une chartre en parlement eat 
faite, et la bailla a sod eianez filz aTauntdit. 



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14« 

aforesaid, tbat the Bame liberties and franchises be and 
remain with his said eldest son, and bis heirs Dukes of 
LancBBter, wholly and entirely dissevered from the crown of 
England, according to the effect and purport of the grants 
aforesud. And hereupon he exhibited a charter thereof 
made in parliament, and delivered it to his eldest son 
aforesaid. 



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HotuluB Pnrliamciiti tcnti spud WeEtmonuteriiim primo die Marcii, 
anno regni Regis Henriei Quarti post Conquestuni septimo, et finiti 
ibidem viceumo secundo die Decembris, anno regni ejusdem R^s 

L'enheritance de la Corone. 

Hot Pan ^TEM, mesmele jour[Liindy leT'jourde Ju}ii3> 

m.^|8^.M. S Beant nostre Seigniour le Roy en soun see 

[VBUqiife S ^°^^^ ®° preBence des Seigniours en Parle- 

ZZT i ment, &c 

ET SUR CE, de I'advys et assent avant ditz, feust 

faite et ensealee une autre lettre patente dessoutz le 

grand seal mesme nostre Seigniour le Roy, et de lee 

Seigniours, et le Commune Parlour suisditz, briefment 

contenante la substance de la matere comprise en la dite 

exemplification; laquele lettre patente fiiist auxi lue et 

pleinement accordez devaunt le Roy et les ditz Seigniours 

et Communes, dont le tenure auu s'enseute : 

Pro Hbnbico pbiitcipb Wallia habbdb appahbntb. 

Ibid.; St " Proviso etiam quod jus successionis in ducatu nostro 

Kot. PU. ^ " 

' ^^ a iB " LuicaBtriae illi vel illis, cui vel quibus de jure et consue- 

[vi^M?. " tudine regni nostri Angliae ' debeatur seu debebitur in 

^Iwt^V " " futuro, istis non obstandbus, salvum omnino maneat et 

ocuvo] " iltaesum." 



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XIX. 

Roll i^ the Pftrliaroent holden at Wcstoiingt^r on the find day of 
March, in the seventh yen of the tcign of King Henry the Fourth after 
the Conquest, and there ended on the tweniy-aecond day of December, 
in the eighth year of the same King's reign. 

The inheritance of the Crown. 

fkLSO, on the same day tMonday the ecventh niunu, 

"1 day of June]^ our l.ord the King eittiDg onhia ioiiw. 

royal throne in presence of the Lords in Par- «luc'ii !• m 

liament,* &c. [See the Rolls of Parliament, '"'"■I 
vol. iii. p. 574.] 

AND HEREUPON, by and with the advice and assent 
aforesaid, other letters patent were made and sealed under 
the great seal of our same Lord the King, and the seals of 
the Lords, and that of the Common Speaker abovesaid, 
containing hriefly the suhstance of the matter comprised 
in the said exemplification; which letters patent were 
also read, and fully agreed to^ before the King and the 
said Lords and Commons, the tenor whereof also fol- 
loweth. [See the Rolls of ParUamen^ toL iii. p. 576.] 
Fob HsiraT Prince op Wales, ihb hbir apparbnt. 

" Provideo also that the right of succession in our rtbioM, 
" duchy of Lancaster do remain wholly saved and uoim- i.d*!W. 
" paired to him or to them, to whom by law and custom ^if'it" 
** of our realm of Eneland it ie due, or shall be due in wtwud in' 
" future, these notwithstanding. ' iiw<biith 

* By this statute the crown wbb settled, after the King's decease, on 



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144 

L'bnhbhitaitch db la Coboitb. 
ITEM, Meaquardy le 22 jour de Decembr^ lea Com- 
munes ^drent deraunt le Roy et lea Seigniours en 
Parlement, et illeoaqea esteantz memsea lea Communes, 
le ^t Mondeur Johan Tybetot pria en lour noun a meame 
nostra Seigniour le Roy qe meemea lea Communea pui^ 
roient avoir illeosqes communication ovesque toutz les 
Seigniours eapirituclx et temporelz; quel prier le Roy 
leur ottroia. Sur quoy mesmes les Seigniours eue ad- 
Tyse et deliberation ovesque les ditz Communes, I'Erce- 
reaque de Caotirbira, el noun dea meamea les Seigniours 
et Communes, myat avaunt une petition toucbant I'en- 
beritance et la aucceasion de la Corone d'Engleterre, et 
pria a mesme noatre Seigniour le Roy qll luy plerroit 
affermer la dite petition en Parlement, et qe meame la 
petition purroit estre enactez et enrollez en rolle de 
Parlement^ et tenuz et proclames pur estatut : fesantz 
protestation qe ne fuist pas leur entention de parler riene 
celle partie toucbant la ducfaie ne I'eritage de Lancastre. 
Quel prier le Roy lour ottroia. Et au lyn qe les ditz 
enheritancea et aucceesion purront overtement estre pub- 
liez et conuz as toutz roialmes, teires, et seigniouries 
queconqes, accordez est et assentuz par le Koy et les 
Seignioura en Parlement qe la dite petition soit exem- 

the King's eldest son Henry Prince of Walea, ud the heirs edsIc of hig 
bod; ; and if ke should die without issue rode, then on the King's 
second son Thomas, and the heiia male of his bod; ; with Temainders 
to John and Hum&e;, the King's third and fourth sons, and the heirG 
male of their bodies successivel;. The statute was ordered to be exem- 
plified under the King's great seal, the seals of the Lords, and that 
of the Speaker of the Commons, and the exemplification was ordered 
to be entered on the Roll. The proriso relative to the Duchy of Lan- 
caster occuiB in the letters patent containing the substance of the matter 
Gomprised in the exemplification. 



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Thb Inhbritakcb op TH8 Crown.* 

ALSO) OD Wednesday the tweoty-secoDd day of De- imdm. 
cember, the Coibidods came before the King and the Lords *'^ '*'*■ 
in Parliament, and, the same Commona being there, the 
said Sir John Tybetot in their name prayed our eame 
Lord the King that the said Commons might there have 
communication with all the Lords spiritual and temporal ; 
which prayer the King granted to them. Whereupon the 
same Lords having had advice and deliberation with the 
said Commons, the Archbishop of Canterbury in the name 
of the same Lords and Commons laid before them a peti- 
tion touching the inheritance and succession of the Crown 
of England, and prayed our same Lord the King that he 
would be pleased to affirm the said petition in Parliament, 
and that the same petition might he enacted and inrolled 
on the roll of Parliament, and be held and proclaimed as a 
statute : making protestation that it was not their inten- 
tion to speak aught in that behalf touching the duchy 
or the heritage of Lancaster. Which prayer the King 
granted to them. And to the end that the said inhe- 
ritance and succession might be openly published and 
known to all kingdoms, lands, and seignories whatsoever, 

* The previous statute, passed in this Parliament for limitation of the 
crown to the hcjra male of the bodiea of the King's four sons rexpiHrt- 
ively, being contrary to the settlement made in the fifth year of the 
King, [Rot. Pari. 5 Hen. 4, n. 17. See the Parliament Rolls, vol. iii. 
p. 626, " Affermance des Estati du Roy et du Prince,"] it'was, there- 
fore, in the same Parliament repealed, and a second act wae passed, 
by which the inheritance of the crown and oF the. kingdoms of England 
and F'raiH», and of the King's other dominions beyond tbe sea, was set- 
tled on the King, and the heiis of his body, and on the King's four sons, 
and the heir» of their respective bodies, successively. The proviso 
relative to the duchy of Iiancaster occurs in the exemplification of the 
instrument declaring the latter setllemeDt. 



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plifiez dessouthMe grant seal du Roy, et auxi ensealez 
deesouth' les eealx des ditz Seigniours et le seal dea 
armes du dit Mousieur Joban Tybetot Commune Farloor 
pur lee Communes pur et en lee nouns de lee Communes 
d'Engleterre avaunt ditz. Laquel exemplification fuist 
lue et pleinement aecordez devaunt le Roy et les Seig- 
niours et Communes, et ensealee en la fourme suis dite. 
De quel exemplification le tenure s'enseut en cestes 
parols: 

Sb Sdccessiohb bbg»i Anglic. 
" Proviso semper quod castra, honores, maneria, terra^ 
" tenementa, ac alia dominia et posaessiones qiuecunque 
'* bsereditatis nostrie Lancastriae in eadem natura, statu, 
" gubematione et conditione, ac taliter in omnibus, prat- 
" sentibus non obstantibus, permaneant, habeantur, et 
" teneantur, sicut ante inceptionem prsesentis Parliament! 
" nostri extiterunt." 

ET SUR CE, de Tadvys et assent avaunt ditz, fuiet faita 
et ensealee une autre lettre patents desBOUth" le grande seal 
mesme nostre Seigniour le Roy, et de les Seigniours et le 
Commune Parlour suisditz, briefinent contenant la sub- 
etance de la matere comprise en la dite exemplificatioQ : 
la quele lettre patent» fuiet auxi lue et pleinement ae- 
cordez devant le Roy et les ditz Seigniours et Com- 
munes, dont le tenure auxi e'enauite : 

HENRICUS Dei gratia Rex Anglise et Frandae et Do- 
minus Hiberniee omnibus ad quos prsesentes literfe perve- 
nerint salutem in Domino eempitemam. Noverit univer- 
eitas vestra quod, licet in Parliamento noetro apud West- 
monasterium septimo die Junii anno regni nostri septimo, 
per nos, de consensu et avisamento omnium praslatorum 
magnatum et procerum ac cleri et communitatie regni 



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it is agreed and asaeDted to by the King and the Lords in 
Parliament that the said petiUon be exemplified under the 
King''B great seal, and also be sealed under the seals of the 
said Lorda, and the seal of the arms of the said Sir John 
Tybetot, the Common Speaker of the Commons^ for and in 
the names of the Commons of England aforesaid. Which, 
exemplification was read and fully agreed to before the 
King and the Lords and Commons, and was sealed in 
the form abovesaid. The tenor of which exemplifica- 
tion foUoweth in these words — [See the Rolls of Parlia- 
ment, vol. ill. p. SSOj : 

Op the succession to tbb rbalu op Enoland. 
** Provioed always, that the castles, honors, manors, pntiHum 
" lands, tenements, and other lordships and possessions Luiax"' 
•' whatsoever of our heritage of Lancaster, may remain, J n'lii 
" be had, and be held in the same nature, state, gover- 
** nance and condition, and in such wise in all respecte, 
*< notwithstanding these presents, as they were before the 
" beginning of our present Parliament." 

AND HEREUPON, by and with the advice and assent 
aforesaid, other letters patent were made and sealed under 
the great seal of our same Lord the King, and the seals 
of the Lords, and that of the Common Speaker aboresud, 
coDtuning briefly the substance of the niatter comprised 
in the said exemplification : which letters patent were also 
read, and fully agreed to, before the King and the said 
Lords and Commons, the tenor whereof also foUoweth : 

HENRY, by the grace of God, King of England and iid d«. 
France and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present *-■>' "'■0«. 
letters shall come, sendeth health everlasting in the Lord. 
Be it known to you all, that, albeit in our Parliament holden 
at Westminster on the seventh day of June in the seventh 



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146 

nostri Angliee, fuerit statutum et ordinatum quod jus 
successionis post deccBSUii) nostrum in corona et regnis 
nostris Angliee et Francise et dominiis nostriB quibuB- 
cunque ultra mare ubilibet constitutiB, cum Buis juribus 
et pertineutiis universiB, ad Henricum eadeni gratia Prin- 
cipem Wallise, Ducem Aquitanice Lancastriffi et Comubiie, 
et Comitetn Cestrise, filium nostrum primogenitutn, ejusque 
liberoa masculos legitime procreandoB, ipsoque Henrico pri- 
mogenito nostro sine hserede masculo decedente jub buc- 
cessionis preedictae ad Thomam Becundo-genitum, JobaD- 
nem tertio-genitum, et Humfridum quarto-genitum nostros, 
eorumque liberoa maBCulos successive pertineret modo et 
forma in Uteris nostris inde confectie plenius expressatis, 
quae omnia bic habere volumus pro insertjs ; nihilomiaus 
tamen prselati, magnates, proceres, cleruB, et communitas 
antedicti attendentes quod statutum et ordinatio hujusmodl 
jus succesaioniB eorundem filiorum nostronun ac liberorum 
eorum, sexum excludendo fcemininum, nimium reBtringeba^ 
quod aliquo modo diminuere non intendeb&nt sed potins 
adaugere, nobis cum instantia non modica unanimiter 
suppUcanint quatinus statutum et ordinationem hujosmodi 
cassare et adnullare, jusque succesBionis prsedictae ad dictum 
primogenitum nostrum et alios filios nostroa supradtctos 
eorumque lueredes de corporibus suis legitime procreandos 
post nostrum decessum successive pertinere, ordinare et 
statuere dignaremur. Nob igitur supplicationi bujusmodi 
tanquam juri consonse inclinati ad instantem petitionem 
eorundem prselatorum magnatum procerum cleri et com- 
munitatiB supradictorum et de eorum omnium et sin- 
gulorum voluntate et assensu expressis, necnon nostra 
et preesentis Parliamenti nostri auctoritate statutum et 
ordinationem priedicta caasamus et adnullamus, necnon 
ad eorundem prielatorum magnatum procerum cleri et corn- 



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year of our reign, it was reBolved and ordained by us, with J^,^^ 
the advice and assent of all the prelates, grandees, and Hi ^" 
nobles, and of the clergy and commonalty of our realm tHdriaiif 
of Englaod, that the right of euccession after our decease •»» 
to the crown, and our realms of England and France, 
and all our dominions beyond the sea, wheresoever they 
may be, together with all their rights and appurtenances^ 
did belong to Henry, by the same grace, Prince of Walea^ 
Duke of Aqiutune, Lancaster and Cornwall, and Earl of 
Chester, our first-bom son, and to his children mate law- 
fully to be begotten; and, tbe same Henry our firet-bom 
dying without heir male, that the right of succession afore- 
said did belong to Thomas our second son, John our third 
son, and Humphrey our fourth son, and their children male 
successively, in manner and form more fully expressed in 
our letters thereof made ; all of which we will to be re- 
garded as if inserted here : yet, nevertheless, tbe afore- 
said prelates, grandees, nobles, clergy, and commonalty, 
taking heed that sudi statute and ordinance by excluding 
the female sex too far restrained the right of succession of 
our same sons and their children, which in no wise did 
they intend to diminish, yea rather to iucrease, have una- 
nimously besought us with great instance that we would 
vouchsafe to quash and annul euch statute and ordi- 
nance, and to resolve and ordain that the right of suc- 
cession aforesaid after our decease does belong to our said 
firet-bom son, and to our other sons abovesaid, and to their 
heirs of their bodies lawfully to be begotten, successively. 
We, therefore, inclining to the like supplication, as being r*f«iM. 
consonant wiUi right, at the instant petition of the same pre- 
lates, grandees, nobles, clergy, and commonalty abovesaid, 
and with their and every of their express will and assent, 
and also by our authority and that of our present Parlia- 



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munitatisprsedictorum petitionem et ro^tum ac de eorum 
consensu concordi et auctoritate quii supra prsefatum Hen- 
ricum noetrum primogenitum nostrum verum le^timuin 
certum et indubitatum haeredem ac universalem Bucces- 
aorem in corona et regnie nostris Angliae et Francise ac 
dominiis nostris quibuscunque ultra mare ubilibet constt- 
tutis ciun suis juribus et pertinentiie universie fore et esse 
ac fore et esse debere ; necnon jus nobis universaliter sne- 
cedeadi in dictis corona regnis et dominiis prssfato Henrico 
nostro piimogenito et ad eum et post ipsum successive 
hteredibus suis de ipsius corpore legitime procreandis et 
ad eos in perpetuum competere et pertinere competereque 
et pertinere debere tenore prffisentium statuimus ordinamua 
decernimus et etiam declaramus. Et in eventu quo prsB- 
fatuB Henricus primogenitus noster absque hserede na- 
tural! et legitime de corpore suo legitime procreate ab 
faac luce migraverit statuimus ordinamua decernimus et 
declaramus ad petitionem et rogatum prsedicta ac de 
consensu voluntate et auctoritate quibus supra quod uni 
versale jus succeBsionis hujusmodi in dictis corona regni 
et dominiis nostris cum suis juribua et pertinentiis uni 
versis ad Thomam secundo-genitum nostrum et post eum 
Buccesaive ad baeredea suob de ejus corpore legitime 
nascituToe plene ac libere transeat ac remaneat pro per- 
petuo. Quod si prfefatum Tbomam absque baerede na- 
tural! et legitime de corpore suo legitime procreato 
diem claudere contingat extremum ad Jobannem terti<^ 
genitum nostrum b«eredeeque sues de ejus corpore legi- 
time procreandoB. Et si ipsum Jobannem sine bserede 
bujusmodi decedere contigerit ad Humfridum quarto- 
genitum noBtrum et ejus bseredes de corpore suo legitime 
procreandos jus snccessionis bujusmodi in corona regnis et 
dominiis antedictis cum eorum pertinentiis absque contra- 



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tnent, the statute and ordinance aforesaid do quash and 
aoDul; and likewise at the petition and request of the t 
same prelates, grandees, nobles, clergy, and commonaUy ita ih> 
aforesaid, and with tbeir uoanimoua consent^ and by the ?^™'''' 
authority as abore, we do by tlie tenor of these presents "iijllf ^|" 
resolve, ordain, decree, and also declare our aforesaid ^^'„c- 
first'bom son Henry to be, and that he is and ought to """"'^ 
be, our true, legitimate, sure, and undoubted heir and 
universat successor to the crown, aud our realms of 
England and France, and all our dominions beyond the 
sea, wheresoever they may be, with all their rights and 
appurtenances ; and that the right of succeeding us uni- 
versally in the said crown, realms, and dominions does 
belong and pertain, and ought to belong and pertata, to 
our aforesaid first-bom son Henry, and after him to 
his heirs of bis body lawfully to be begotten succes- 
sively for ever. And in the event of our aforesaid first- 
bora son Henry departing this life without natural and 
legitimate heir of hb body lawfully begotten, we do re- 
solve, ordwn, decree, and declare, at the petition and 
request aforesaid, and by and with the consent, will, and 
authority as above, that the universal right of the like 
succession to our said crown, reahns, and dominions, 
with all their rights and appurtenances, shall fully and 
freely pass and remain to Thomas our second sou, and 
i^T him to his heirs who shall be lawfully bom of bis 
body successively for ever. And if it happen that the 
aforesud Hiomas shall close his life without natural and 
legitimate heir of his body lawfully begotten, the like 
right of succession to the crown, realms, and dominions 
aforesud, with their appurtenances, without any contradic- 
tion whatever shall freely devolve upon John our third 
eon, and his heirs of his body lawfully to be begotten : 



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148 

dictJODe quacunque libere derolvatur. Per hoc tamen eta- 
tutum sive ordiaationem quoad ducatum Lancaetriee ejusque 
jura poBsessiones honores et coosuetudines cum euis per- 
tinentiis universis ac succeseionem et modum euccedendi 
in ducatu prsedicto sive in capite vel in membria nibil 
immutare vel innovare iutendimus, sed in omnibus pr»< 
miseiB et aliis quibuscunque modia et fonnie quibuB ante 
faoc statutum ducatus ipse regi administrart et gubemari 
Bolebat antiqua jura statuta et consuetudines ejusdem 
ducatUB teneri, exequi et illibate obeerrati in poaterum 
volumus, statuimus, deceroimus et declaramus, boc nostro 
statuto et quocunque alio in hoc Parliamento edito non 
obstante. In cujus rei teetimonium non solum sigillum 
nostrum sed etiam omnium dominorum spiritualium^ et 
temporalium preedictorum pro se cicro et communitate 
preedictis sigilla praesentibua sunt appensa. Et nos 
Thomas CantuarieiisiB Arcbiepiscopus totiua Anglise 
priroas, Nicholaus Londinensis, Henricus WintonienBis, 
Johannes Elieous, Edmundus Exonieosis, Tliomaa Du- 
nelmeosis^ Robertus Cicestrensis, Ricardus Sarum, Guido 
Menevensis, Johannes CoTeotreDsiB et Lichfeidensis, Ri< 
cardus Wigomiensis, Henricus BathooieuBia et Wellensis, 
Robertus HerefordenBiB, Pbilippus Lincolniensis, Thomas 
LandavetiBis, et Willielmua Carliolensis, EpiBCopi, Gustos 
SpiritualitatiB Archiepiacopatus Eboracenas, Cuatoe Epi- 
scopatUB NorwiceneiB, et Gustos Epiacopatus Roffensia, 
Abbas Westmonasterii, Abbas de Sancto Albano, AUias 
de Wattbam, Abbas Salopie^ Abbas de Burgo Sancti 
Petri, Abbas Beati Jobannia ColceBtri», Abbas de 
Sancto Edmundo de Bury, Abbas de Abyndon, Abbas 
Beats Mtiriae Eborum, Abbas de Groyland, Abbaa de 
Bardeney, Abbas Sancti Beoedicti de Hulmo, Abbas Glas- 
touise, Abbas de Malmesbury, Abbas de Redyn^ Abbas 



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And if it shall happen that the said John ^e without such 
heir, then upon Humphrey our fourtli son, and bis beira 
of bis body lawfully to be begotten. NevertbelesB by f 
this statute or ordinance, so far as regards the duchy of '■ 
Lancaster, and its rights^ possessions, honors, and ais- 
tonis, with all their appurtenances, and the succession 
and manner of succeeding in the aforesud duchy, whether 
in chief or in its members, we do nothing intend to change 
or innoTate, but that in all ^e premises and in all other 
modes and forms in which before this statute the same 
duchy woB wont to be ruled, administered, and governed, 
we will, resolve, decree, and declare, that the ancient 
rights, statutes, and customs of the same duchy shall 
he held, executed, and purely observed for ever, not- 
withstanding this our statute, or any other soever passed 
in this Parliament In witness whereof, not only our seal, 
but also the seals of all the Lords spiritual and temporal 
aforesaid, for tbemselvea, the clergy, and the Commons 
aforesaid, to these presents are set And we, Thomas 
Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all England, Ni. 
cholas Bishop of London, Henry Bishop of Winchester, 
John Bishop of Ely, Edmund Bishop of Exeter, Thomas 
Bishop of Durham, Robert Bishop of Chichester, Richard 
Bishop of Salisbury, Guy Bishop of St David's, John 
Bishop of Coventry and Litchfield, Richard Bishop of 
Worcester, Henry Bishop of Bath and Wells, Robert 
Bishop of Hereford, Philip Bishop of Lincoln,. Thomas 
Bishop of Llandaff, and William Bishop of Carlisle the 
Keeper of the Spirituality of the Archbishopric of York, 
the Keeper of the Bishopric of Norwich, and the Keeper 
of the Bishopric of Rochester, the Abbot of Westminster, 
the Abbot of St Alban's, the Abbot of Waltham, the Abbot 
of Shrewsbury, the Abbot of Peterborough, the Abbot of St 



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149 

de Selby, Abbae de Thorney, AbbaB de Bello, Abbas de 
CHrenceBtre, Abbas Beati Petri Gloucestrise, Abbas de 
Evesbam, Abbas de Rameseye, Abbas de Hida juxta Win- 
toniam, Abbas de Wynchecombe, et Prior de Coventre, 
Edwardus Dux Eborum, Jobannes Somerseti», Edmundus 
Kantiffi, Thomaa Arundellite, Ricardus Warwici, Edwardus 
DevonisB, Micbael Suffolciee, Ricardus Oxonise, et Ra- 
dulpbus Westmerlandue, Comites; ac Walterus Prior 
Hoepitalis Saocti Johannis Jerusalem in Anglia, Wil. 
lielmus Dominus de Rods, Ricardus Pomicus de Grey 
de Codenore, Henricus Dominus de Beaumont, Regi- 
naldus Dominus de Grey de Ruthyn, Willielmus Domi- 
nus de Ferrers, Thomas Dominus de Fumyvale, Williel- 
mus Dominus de Wytughby, Hugo Dominus de Bumell, 
Willielmus Dominus de Clynton, Thomas Dominus de 
Mortey, Jobannes Dominus de Darcy, Jobannes DominuB 
de Lovell, BartfaolomEeus Dominus de Burghcbier, Gil- 
bertus Dominus de Talbot, Willielmus Dominus de la 
Zoudie, Thomas Dominus de Camoye, Ricardus Domi- 
nus de Seymour, Henricus Fitz-Hugh, Heuricus le Scrop 
de Masham, Johannes de Welles, Johannes Cobbam, 
Petrus de Malolacu, Jobannes de Latymer, Edwardus 
de Charleton de Powys, Magister Thomas de la Warre, 
Thomas de Berkeley, Radulphus de Crumwell, Radul- 
phus de Greystok, Willielmus Beauchamp de Bergereny, 
Jobannes Touchet, Robertus Ponynges, Johannes Haryng- 
ton, et Ricardus I^estraunge ; ac Jobannes Typtot, Miles, 
PrselocutorCommunitatis prfedictsein Parliamento prsesenti, 
meo et ipsius Communitatis nomine, omnibus sapradicUs 
nostrum prsebentes consensum pariter et assensum juramus 
ad sancta Dei erangelia per nos et quemlibet nostrum 
corporaliter tacta omnia et singula preemissa perpetuis 
temporibus per nos et nostros, quantum in nobis eat, 



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John's at CoIcheBter, the Abbot of Buiy St Edmund's, the 
Abbot of Abingdon, the Abbot of St Mary's at York, the 
Abbot of Croiland, the Abbot of Bardney, the Abbot of St 
Bennet de Hulme, tbe Abbot of Glastonbury, the Abbot of 
Malmsbury, the Abbot of Reading, tbe Abbot of Selby, 
the Abbot of Thorney, the Abbot of Battle, the Abbot of 
Cirencester, the Abbot of St. Peter's at Gloucester, the 
Abbot of Evesham, the Abbot of Ramsey, the Abbot of 
Hide near Winchester, the Abbot of Wincbcombe, and 
the Prior of CoYentry, Edward Duke of York, John Duke 
of Somerset, Edmund Earl of Kent, Thomas Earl of 
Arundel, Richard Earl of Warwick, Edward Earl of 
Devon, Michael Earl of Suffolk, Richard Earl of Oz. 
ford, and Ralph Earl of Westmoreland, and Walter Prior 
of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England, WiU 
liam Lord de Rooa, Richard Lord de Grey of Codenore, 
Henry Lord de Beaumont, Reginald Lord de Grey of 
Ruthyn, William Lord de Ferrers, Thomas Lord de Fur- 
nyvale, William Lord de Willoughby, Hugh Lord de Bup- 
nell, William Lord de Clynton, Thomas Lord de Morley, 
John Lord Darcy, John Lord de Loveil, Bartholomew 
Lord de Bourgchier, Gilbert Lord de Talbot, William 
Lord de la Zoucbe, Tliomas Lord de Camoys, Richard 
Lord de Seymour, Henry Fitz-Hugh, Henry le Scrope 
of Masham, John de Wellea, John Cobham, Peter de 
Mauley, John le Latymer, Edward de Charleton of 
Powyg, Master Thomas de la Warre, Thomas de Berkeley, 
Ralph de Crumwell, Ralph de Greystok, William Beau- 
champ of Bergaveony, John Touchet, Robert Ponynges, 
John HaryngtOD, and Richard Lestraunge, and I Sir 
John Typtot, Kuight, Speaker of tbe Commons aforesaid 
in the present Parliament, in my own name, and in the 
name of the same Commons, giving our consent and 



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ISO 

inconcuaae el inviolabiliter obaervare, nee quicquam in 
coDtrariuoa, re ve) veiba, publice vel occulte, directe 
vel indirecte facere tcI attemptare, aeu fieri vel at- 
temptaii facere vel procurare quoTiemodo. Datce in 
praesenti Parliamento noatro infra palatium noatnim West- 
monaaterii, Ticeeimo secuudo die Decembris, anno Domini 
millesimo qiiadriDgeDteumo sexto et regni noetri octavo. 



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160 

assent to all the matters abovesaid, do Bwear upon the 
Holy Gospels of God) corporally touched by ub and 
each of us> steadfastly and inviolably to observe all and 
every the premiees by us and ours, as far as in ua lies, 
in all times to come, and nothing to the contrary thereof, 
in word or deed, publicly or privily, directly or indi- 
rectly, to do or attempt, or procure or suffer to be done 
or attempted in any wise. Given in our present Parlia- 
ment within our palace of Westminster on the twenty- 
second day of December, in the year of our Lord one 
tbousand four hundred and six, and in the eighth year 
of our reign. 



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RaIuIus Pkriiunenti tenli npuil Wcstniontslcrium die Luiue proximo 
poBt OctabBB Suicti Martini, anno rcpii Regis Hcnrici Quimi post Con- 
queslum secundo. 

De UNIONE JURIUH ET POSSES8IONUM COMITATUS HeBE- 
FORDENSIS DUCATUI LaNCASTRIJE FACTA. 

Roi. Pari. ^TEM, foit assaroir que le Roy, de sa certeiDe 

jt3.n!».in ^ science, et del assent des Seigniours espirituelx 

% et temporelx, et des Communes, asaemblez en 
^ ceste parlement, par pleine auctorite de mesnrie 
le parlement, declarast, grantast, et ordeignast, entre autres 
choaes, que toutz les honours, cfaasteux, bundredes, com- 
motes, manoirs, terree, tenementz, reversions, annuitees, 
rentes, services, fees, avoesona, possessions, et seigniouries 
queconqes, si bien deins le roialme d'Engleterre, come es 
parties de Gales, et es autres lieux dedeinz les seigniouries 
et pouste du Roy, queux sont desceoduz ou descenderont 
enheritablement a Roy aprea la mort Dame Marie, une 
des Giles et beires Humfrey de Bobun nadgairs Count de 
Hereford, Essex,etNorthampton,et Constable d'Engleterre^ 
come a fitz et beir mesme cele Dame Maiie, ovesque toutz 
les droitures, libertees, francbiees, et fraucs custumes a 
mesme cele enheritance appurtenant z ou regardantz, 
soient severez de la corone d'Engleterre, et adjointz an- 
nectez uniz et encorporetz au ducbee le dit Roy de 
Lancaetre, a mesme le Roy et a ses beira, come a 
mesme le duchee issiot adjointz annectez uniz et en- 
corporetz, perpetuelment a demurrerz; et que tres toutz 
les honours, chasteux, hundredes, commotes, manoirs, 



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Roll of the pBrlianient holdcn at Westminster on the Monday next 
nfter the Octavee of S»int Martin, in the secoinl ycm of the reign of King 
Henry tlie Fifth after the Conquest. 

Of a. union of the bights and possessions of thb 

EARLDOM OF HekEFORD WITH THE DUCHY OF LAN- 
CASTER. 

LSO} be it known tbftt the King, of fais certain inhNar. 
knowledge, and with the assent of the Lords A.o'iiii. 
spiritual and temporal, and of the Commons, 
in this parliament assembled, by full authority 
of the same parliament, has declared, granted, and ordained, Tm henuce 
amongst other things, that all the hoDors, castles, bun- donor 
dreds, commotes, manors, lands, tenements, reversions, an- '^'7,**' 
naities, rents, serTices, fees, advowsons, possessions, and lord- ^'^Ij^: 
ships whatsoever, as well within the realm of England as Thi'dll^or 
in the ports of Wales, and in other places within the King's 
power and dominions, which since the death of the Lady 
Mary, one of the daughters and co-heirs of Humphrey de 
Bobun, formerly Earl of Hereford, Essex, and Northamp- 
ton, and Constable of England, have descended, or shall 
descend by inheritance to the King, as son and heir of 
the same Lady Mary, with all the rights, liberties, fran- 
chises, and free customs to such heritage belonging or 
apperttuning, shall be severed from the crown of Eng- 
land, and be adjoined, annexed, united and incorporated 
to and with the said King's duchy of Lancaster, to 
remiun to the same King and to his heirs so adjoined, 
annexed, united, and incorporated to and with the same 



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terres, tenementz, et reversions suisditz, et les autrea 
choses queconques a la dite eDheritance regardantz, et 
le8 homines et teoantz a ycelle appurtenantz, soient 
auxi eDtierment enfraDcbiBez, et par autielx officers tretez, 
gardez, et goveroez en toutz points, come les poBsessions 
a le dit duchee appurtenantz et les hommea et tenantz a 
mesme le duchee regardantz sont enirancbisez, tretez, 
gardez, et govemez pur toutz jours; et ceo soIoqc la 
fourme, force, et effect de les paroles coutenuz en une 
cedule mya en ceste parlement, et par le Roy, del assent 
des Seignioura avauntditz et par I'auctorite suis dite, oves- 
que toutz clauaes en ycelle contenuz, plelnement affermez, 
dount le tenure cy ensuit : 

HENRICUS Dei gratia Rex Angliie et Franciie et 
Dominus Hibemice omnibus ad quoB prsesentes liter» 
pervenerint aalutetn. Sciatis quod cum ducatus Lancas- 
trise, ac quamplura alia comitatus, bonorea, castra, ma- 
neria, (eoda, pOBsessionea et dominia, infra reguum nos- 
trum Anglise et partes Walliae, ac alibi, carissimo domino 
et patri nostro domino Henrico nuper Regi Anglise de- 
functo tarn per mortem Celebris memorise Henrid nuper 
Duds LancastrisB proavi nostrt, ac carissimi domini et 
avi noatri Johannis nuper Duds Lancastriee, necnon ca- 
rissimsB dominie et avi^ nostrse dominee Blancbiae nuper 
uxoria ejus, filise et baeredia preedicti proavi nostri, jure 
haereditario, autequam ad statum et dignitatem regalem 
rerum Dominus omnium sua ineffabili dementia ipeum 
patrem nostrum nuperrime evocavit, descenderint et ac> 
ciderint, in quibus quidem ducatu, comitatibus, bono* 
ribus, castiia, maneriia, posaessionibus et dominiis, diveraa 
libertates, jura regalia, conauetudines et franchesise, dictis 
progenitoribus et anteceseoribus nogtrie, quaedam, vide- 
licet, eis et beeredibus de corporibiis suis exeuntibua, et 



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152 

duchy for ever; and that all the honors, castles, hun- tikiuiii>, 
dreds, commotes, manors, lands, tenements, and rever- lonnti 

. , , , 1 ■ ■ .1 thH»of, tbiU 

B10D8 abovesaid, and vhateoever other things to the 8aio twundu 
heritage helonging, and the men and tenants to the ^"u^™' 
same appurtenant, shall be as entirely free, and by the <'"'™- 
same officers treated, kept, and governed in all respecte^ 
as the possessions appurtenant to the said duchy, and 
the men and tenants belonging to the same duchy, are 
free, and are treated, kept, and governed, for ever ;— and 
thifi according to the form, force, and effect of the words 
contained in a schedule in this parliament exhibited, and 
by the King, with the assent of the Lords aforesud and by 
the authority abovesaid, fully confirmed, with all the clauses 
therein contfuned, the tenor whereof hereafter followeth : 

HENRY, by the grace of God, King of Engluid and iMbNor. 
France and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present a.i>.*I4I4. 
letters shall come, greeting. Know ye, that whereas the Hcduitiut 
duchy of Lancaster, and very many other counties, honors, Hnirr ib* 
castles, manors, fees, poBsessions, and lordships, within our iniduebrot 
realm of England and the parts of Wales and elsewhere, "^'','^ 
before the Lord of all things so lately in his unspeakable 1^^^ )^ 
mercy called our most dear lord and father, the lord ter">'hbi"' 
Henry late King of England, deceased, to the regal estate LbT^wpi 
and dignity, did descend and come unto our same father by 
hereditary right, by the death as well of Henry of famous 
memory, late Duke of l-ancaster, our great-grandfather, as 
of our moat dear lord and grandfather John late Duke of - 
Lancaster, and also of our most dear lady and grandmother 
the lady Blanche, Ute his wife, daughter and heiress of our 
aforesaid great-grandbther ; in which said duchy, counties, „4 om 
honors, castles, manors, possessions, and lordships, divers ituum'^u^ 
liberties, jura regalia, customs, and franchises were and 3n puiud 
bad been granted to our sud progenitors and ancestors, — *"*"^ °>«* 



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159 

qiuedam sibi et hteredibiu masculis de corporibus auis 
exeunUbuB, ac qufedam pnefato domino et avo nostro 
ad termiDum vitse suae, per diTersas cartac^ tam domini 
Edwardi nuper Regis Anglin proavi nostri, quam do- 
mini Ricardi nuper Regie Anglis aecundi post conquea- 
tum, fuerant concessa. Prsefatueque pater noater nolens 
dictam hsereditatem euam, ant libertates ejuadem, occa- 
sione aasumptionia regalis statue et dignitatis sua; in 
aliquo mutari, transferri, diminui, aeu derogari, sed ean- 
dem bsereditatem snam in juribus et libertatibus guis prsB. 
dictia, eisdem modo, forma, conditione, et statu quibus 
sibi descenderaot et evenerant, ac etJam cum omnibus et 
singulis talibus libertatibus et francbesiis, ac aliis privi- 
legiia, commoditatibus, et proficuis quibuscunque, quibua 
praedictus dominus et avus noster, dum vixit, earn, ad ter- 
mlnnm vitee suse, ex concessione prsedicti Ricardi nuper 
Re^B, habuit et tenuit, eidem patri nostro, et dictis haere- 
dibus suis in cartis prsedictis specificatis, plenarie et in- 
tegre conservari, continuari, et halwri, — Toluerit, ac per 
cartam suam, ex certa scientia sua, de assensu parliamenti 
Bui anno regni sui primo tend, conceseerit, declaraverit, de- 
creverit, et ordinaverit pro se et beeredibus sius, quod tam 
ducatus suuB Lftocastriee, quam universa et singula alia 
comitatUB, hoDores, castra, maneria, feoda, adrocationes, 
possessionee, annuitates et dominia quascuDquei sibi, ante 
adeptionem dignitatis suie regiae, qualitercunque et ubi- 
cunque, jure bsreditario, in dominico servitio vel in re- 
verdone, sen alias qualitercunque discensa, eidem patri 
nostro, et dictis beeredibus euis in cartis prcedictis spe- 
cificatis, in forma prsedicta remaneant in perpetuum, et 
quod taliter et tali modo, et per tales offidarios et mi- 
nistroB in omnibus deducantur, gubernentur, et pertrac- 
tentur, sicut remanere, deduci, gubernari, et pertractaii 



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to wit, Bome to them and the heirs of their bodies issuiDg, 
and acme to them and the heirs male of their bodies 
iseuiug, and some to our aforesaid lord and grandfather 
for the term of his life, — by divers charters as well of 
the lord Edward late King of Enghmd, our great-grand^ 
father, as of the lord Richard late King of England the 
second ^ler the conquest And our aforesaid father, not Tbn the 
willing that his said heritage, or the liberties thereof bdrwnn-' 
should be in aught changed, transferred, lessened, or de- ^^^j^jjf 
rogated from, on account of his assumption of the royal '^^11^'^^ 
estate and dignity, but diat his same heritage in its Iiod*^'^^ 
rights and liberties aforesud, in the same manner, state, "** ^^' 
form, and condition in which it descended and came to 
him, and also with all and singular such liberties and 
franchises, and other privileges, Bdvantages, and profits 
whatsoever, with which oar aforesaid lord and grandfather, 
whilst be lived, had and held the same, for the term of bis 
life, by grant from the aforesaid late King Richard, should 
be to our same father and his said heirs in the said char^ 
ters specified fully and entirely kept, continued, and had, 
—willed, and by his charter, of bis certain knowledge with tua nttini 
the assent of bis parliament holden in the first year of his or™ himKir 
reign, did grant, declare, decree, and ordain, for himself and ^^^*" 
his heirs, that as well his duchy of Lancaster as all and u^™^", 
singular the other counties, honors, castles, manors, fees, ^£^^^„1° 
advowsons, possessions, annuities, and lordships whatever, 
to him howsoever and wheresoever descended before his 
adoption of the royal dignity, by hereditary right, in de* 
mesne, in service, or in reversion, or otherwise howsoever, 
should for ever remain to our same fether, and his said heirs 
in the charters aforesaid specified, in form aforesaid; and 
that they so and in such wise, and by such officers and 
ministers, in all tfiings be managed, governed, and treated. 



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deberent, si predictua pater noster ad culmen dignitatis 
re^ie assumptu» tninime faisset; ac insuper, quod talia 
et hujuamodi libertates, jura regalia, cooBuetudineB et 
franchesiae, in ducatu, comitatibus, honoribus, castrie, ma- 
oeriis, feodiB, ac cteteria possesmoiiibua et dominiis prae- 
dictis, ia omnibus et per omnia in perpetuum habean- 
tur, eserceantur, continuentur, fiant, et utantur, et per 
tales officiarioB et mioietros gubernentur et ezequantur, 
quae et qualia et per qualee officiarioB et ministros, tarn 
tempore died domini et an nostri, quam temporibus 
aliorum progenitorum et anteceBSonim suonim, in eisdem 
ducatu, comitatibus, honoribuB, castriB, maneriis, feodia, 
ac aliis poBseBBionibus et dominiis preedictis, uti et haberi, 
ac regi et gubernari coOBuererunl^ virtute cartarum inde 
confectarum : Volens ulteriuB et concedens prsehtus pater 
neater, ac pro se et bseredibus suis, ex certa scientia sua 
et assensu prsedictiB, plenarie declarans, quod uniTersi et 
unguli tenentcB sui de ducatu, comitatibus, honoribus, 
castris, maoenie^ feodis, ac aliis possessionibus et domi- 
niii preedictis, et baeredeB sui, adeo liberi sint et in om- 
nibus talis ac adeo liberie et illseBse conditionis, tarn in 
ingressibus suis in heereditateB BUas post mortem ante- 
cessorum euorum, quam in tenuris suis, ac alias quali- 
tercunque, sicut esse potuissent et debuissent, de con- 
Buetudine vel de jure, ei dicta dignitas regia dicto patri 
nostro nusquam accidieset, dicta assumptione sua digni- 
tatis regiee, aut eo quod ducatus, comitatus, honores, 
castra, maneria, feoda, adrocationes, possesBiones, domi- 
nia et libertates prsedicta in manu ipuuB patris nostri 
adtuDc extiterunt, seu aliqua interruptione, cessation^ 
vel discontittuatione libertatum prsedictarum, seu aliqui- 
bus aliis occasionibus, causis, coloribus, vel impedimentis 
quibuacunque, qiue idem pater noster incontrarium prse- 



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as they would have remained, been managed, governed, and 
treated if our aforesaid father had never aasumed the en- 
sign of royal dignity ; and moreoTec, that such and the like wiih iba 
liberties, ^'etrare^oZia, customs, and fraochises, in tiie duchy, itmwiVro 
counties, honors, castles, manors, fees, and other posses- ",7i^" 
sions and lordships aforesaid, in all and throughout all, "'o,hj^°^. 
be had, eicrcised, continued, done, and used for ever, and *^,^,^ho^ 
they by such officers and ministers be governed and exe- gnTiracd t^ 
cuted, as and which were wont to be had and used in <>(<<«»*• 
the same duchy, counties, honors, castles, manors, fe^ 
and other posaessioDS and lordships aforesaid, and by whom 
they «ere wont to be ruled and governed, as well in the 
time of our said lord and grandfather, as in the times of 
other his progenitors and ancestors, by virtue of the char- 
ters thereof made: Our aforesaid fatiier willing, further- outtusie- 
more, and granting, and for himself and his heirs, of his f°}r'"° 
certain knowledge and with the assent aforesaid, fully d&> '^'^^' 
claring, that all and singular his tenants of the duchy, coun- ^^J^ 
ties, honors, casties, manors, fees, and other possessions and 
lordships aforesaid, and their heirs, might be as free, and in 
all respects of such and of as unimpiured and free condition, 
as well in their entries upon their inheritances after the 
death of their ancestors as in their tenures, and otherwise 
howsoever, as they would and ought to have been by cus- 
tom or of right if the stud royal dignity had never fallen 
to our said fatiier, notwithstanding his said assumption 
of the royal dignity, or notwithstanding that the duchy, 
counties, honors, castles, manors, fees, advowsona, posses' 
sions, lordships, and liberties aforesiud at that time were 
in the hands of our same father, or any interruption, ce»- 
sation, or discontinuance of the liberties aforesaid, or any 
other lets, causes, colors, or impediments whatsoever 
(which our same father willed not to have any force 



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155 

dictarum voluntatis, coDcessioDis, et declaratiools suarum 
vigorem seu effectual aliquem habere nolutt, inaliquooon 
obatantibuB. Proviso semper quod teoentes ipeius patris 
Qostri lalra comltatum palatinum Lancastrise hsereditateB 
BUSS in manum prsedicd patris nostri, et dictorum beeredum 
suorum In dictis cartU specificatorum, poBt mortfitn ante- 
cessorum suorumi seu alio mode Beisiendas et capiendas, 
extra eandem manum prsfati patris nostri, et dictorum 
hsredum suorum iu cartis prffidictis apecificatorum, per 
liberationem in cancellaria regalitads ibidem babendam, 
prosequantur, ut est moris et fuerit faciendum raljone 
regalltatis supradictee; et quod prcerogativa Bua quoad 
maritagia et proficua maritagiorum heeredum aliorum te- 
nentium suorum, extra dictum comitatum palatinum, sei- 
sienda et babenda, locum babeat et vigorem. Preedic- 
tusque pater noster voluerit insuper et concesserit, pro se et 
heeredibuB aiua, ex certa scientia sua et aasensu prsdicde, 
quod universa et singula beneficia ecclesiastica ad hsere- 
ditatem suam preedictam spectantia, per se et dictos bee- 
redes suoB in dictis cartis specificatos, conduue futuris 
temporibus conferantur : Ita quod cancellarius vel tbesau- 
rariuB AngliEe pro tempore existentes, seu quivis alius 
officiariuB regius, de collatiooe vel prseseatatione, seu 
etiam de visitatione beoeficiorum hujusmodi, ratione offi- 
cionim suorum se nullatenus Intromittant in futura Et 
ulterius idem pater uoster voluent et coDceaaerit pro se 
et heeredibus suia, ex certa scientia bus et de aasenau prse- 
dictia, quod omnea et Binguli receptores, feodarii, finnarii, 
ballivi, prsepoaiti, offioarii, ac quicunque alii Bervient«8 et 
miniatri preefati patris nostri, et dictorum hsBredum suorum 
in dicda cartis Bpecificatorum, prsedictorum ducatus, comt- 
tatuum, bonorum, castrorum, maneriorum, feodorum, pos- 
sessioDum, dominiorum et libertatum, de omuibus et siu- 



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or effect to the contrary of bis aforesfud will, grant, and 
declaratioii,) Id aaywiae notwithstanding. Provided al- proiiMfu 
ways, that the tenants of our same father within the oriii.™nty 
county palatine of Lancaster might sue their inherit- i!ueutaT, 
ances (to be taken and seized into the hands of our 
afbresud father and bis B«d heirs in the said charters 
spedfied after the death of their ancestors or in other 
manner) out of the same hands of our aforesaid father, 
and bis scud beirs in the aforesaid charters specified, by 
livery to he had in the chancery of the regality there, 
as was the custom, and would have been done by reason 
of the abovesaid regahty; and that his prerogative in udncth. 
respect of seizing and having the marriages and the ^""""'^ 
profits of the marriages of the heirs of other hia tenants |^J^|^'' 
out of the B«d county palatine should have effect and vigor. 
And our aforesaid father moreover willed and granted. And chit «u 
for himself and his heirs, of his certain knowledge and rnuonror 

^ EDglvid 

with the assent aforesaid, that all and singular eccle- fJ^^Ji^,, 
siastical benefices belonging to his heritage aforesaid |n/,^|;i, 
should in time to come he conferred uninterruptedly by *"""™'- 
him and his said heirs in the said charters specified : so 
that in future the chancellor or treasurer of England 
for the time being, or any other royal officer, should in 
nowise intermeddle in the collation or presentation, or 
even in the visitation, of the like benefices by reason of 
their offices. And furthermore our same bther willed au nahm 
and granted, for himself and his heirs, of his certain "«iiiw* 
knowledge and with the assent aforesaid, that all and ^<*'"- 
singuUr receivers, feodaries, fanners, bailifis, reeves, ^'",'^* 
officers, and other the servants and ministers whosoever '''*^""' 
of our aforesiud father and of his said heirs in the said 
charters specified, of the aforesaid duchy, counties, honors, 
castles, manors, fees, possessions^ lordships, and liberties, 



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gulis denariia, finnie, redditibus, exiUbua, rerentionibus, 
et proBcuis quibiiBcunque de eisdem ducatu, cotnitatibus, 
honoribus, castris, maneriis, feodis, posaessioDibm, domi- 
niis et libertatibus, qualitercuoque proveDientibuSi coram 
certis speciaiibus auditoribus, offidariis et minUtTis, per 
ipsum patrem Dostrum, et dictoa hseredes suoa in cartiB 
pnedictis specificates, de tempore in tempus ad hoc limi- 
tandis et assignaDdiB, dimtaxat, et non coram tfaeeaurario 
et baronibus de acaccario regio, computent et respoodeant 
contioue inhiturum : Ita quod tbesauraiiuB et barones de 
Bcaccario praedicto, de aliquibus hujusmodi denariis, firmis, 
redditibus, exitibus, reveotionibua aut proficuis, aeu de 
aliquibus compotJs vel ratiocUiiis inde audiendis, habendis» 
reddendis, vel termiuandis iufutunim, se non intromittant 
uUo raodo. Ac cum prsefatus proavus noster per csrtant 
Buam nuper conceBserit, pro se et heeredibuB suis, prse- 
dictis avo et aviae nostris quod ipsi et faeeredes sui de cor- 
poribus suis procreati et omues faomines sui de terns et 
feodia quse fuerunt Henrici quondam Comitis Lancastriffl 
patris preefatj Henna nuper Ducis, proavi nostri, Beptimo 
die Mui anno regni dicti domini Edwardi proavi nostri 
sexto decimo, in perpetuum sint quieti de pavagio, pas- 
eagio, paagio, laatagio, stallagio, tallagio, cariagio, pesa- 
^0, piccagio, et terragio per totum regoum et potestatem 
ipsius domini Edwardi, proavi nostri. Postmodumque 
pnefatus Ricardus nuper Rex per cartam suam conces- 
aerit prsedioto avo nostro quod ipse ad totam vitam 
suam baberet omues fines pro transgressione et aliis ma- 
le&ctia quibuscuoque ; ac etiam fines pro licentia con- 
cordandi, et omnimodoB alios fines, redemptiones, et amer- 
ciamenta ex quacunque causa et per quamcunque causam 
provenientia, necnon exitus foriafactos de omnibus homi- 
uibuB et tenentibuB de et in teiris et feodis priedicti avi 



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for all and singular Bums of money, farms, rents, issues, 
rereuues, and profits whatever in any manner proceeding 
from the same duchy, counties, honors, castles, manors, 
fees, possessions, lordships, and liberties, should with- 
out interruption account and answer in future before cer- 
tain special auditors, officers, and ministers from time -to 
time to be hereunto limited and assigned only by our 
same fiither and bis sud heirs in the charters aforesaid 
spedfied, and not before the treasurer and barons of the 
royal exchequer. So that the treasurer and barons of the 
exchequer aforesaid should not in any wise intermeddle 
in future in any the like monies, farms, rents, issues, 
revenues, or profits, or in the auditing, having, rendering, 
or determining any the accounts or reckonings thereof 
And whereas our aforesaid great-grandfather did lately Rwitiiat 
grant by his charter, for himself and his heirs, unto our ^ v^ 
aforesud grandfather and grandmother, that they and ^l^l^*^ 
their heirs of their bodies begotten, and all their men 
of the lands and fees which were of Heniy, formerly 
Earl of Lancaster, father of the aforesaid late Duke 
Henry our great-grandfather, on the seventh day of May, 
in the sixteenth year of the reign of the sud Lord 
Edward our great-grand&tber, might he for ever quit 
of paviage, passage, payage, lastage, stallage, tallage, 
carriage, pesage, picage, and groundage throughout all 
the realm and dominion of the same Lord Edward our 
great-grandbther. And afterwards the aforesaid late ud of xtnc 
King Richard by his charter did grant unto our afore- gaoi. for 
said grandfather that be for the whole of hie life might "f^?!^ 
have all fines for trespass and other misdeeds whatsoever, J!f^™ *^" 
and also fines for licence to agree, and all manner of other JJ^'.'"*""* 
fines, ransoms, and amercements, from whatever cause and m^^ 
through whatever cause proceeding, and also forfeited Mttdiwin. 



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1S7 

noBtri et de omoibus infra eadem terraa et feoda reeiden- 
tibus, quaoquam iidem homines, tenentes, seu resideotes, 
ministii ipuus nuper Regis Ricardi tgI bseradum saorum 
ezisterenb Et qood idem avus noster ad totam vitam 
Buam haberet quascunque forisfacturas annum diem Tastum 
et estreppamentum, et quicqmd ad ipeum nuper Regem 
Ricardum vel bseredes Buos perUnere poaaet de anno die 
vasto et estreppamento, fbriB&cturia et murdris, infra terras 
et feoda prcedicta, in quibuscunque curiis suis et beeredum 
suorum sive in quacunque curia alterius contingeret quod 
prsedicti homines, tenentes, eeu residenteB facerent fines 
vel essent amerciati, vel exitua foriafacerent, seu quod 
prfedicta annus dies vastum et estreppamentum, foriafac- 
tura vel murdrum, adjudicata essent, tarn in pnesentta 
ipsius nuper Regis Ricardi et baeredum euonim, quam 
in absentia sua et beeredum suorum, et tam coram ipso 
et faeeredibus suis, et in cancellaria sua et hseredum 
suorum, ac coram tbesaurario et baronibus de scaccario 
suo et baeredum auorum, et coram justitiariis suis et hse- 
redum suorum de communi banco, necnon coram senes- 
callo et marescallis aeu coronatore hospitii sui et hs- 
redum suorum vel clerico mercati, qui pro tempore es- 
aent, et in aliia curiia suis et baeredum suorum, quam 
coram justitiariis suis itinerantibua ad communia plactta 
et ad placita forestee, justitiariis ad assisas capiendas et 
gaolas deliberandaa, ac coram quibuscunque aliis justi- 
tiariis et miniatris aula et heeredum suorum, tam in prce- 
sentia aua et bseredum suorum, quam in absentia sua et 
baeredum stiorum, adeo plene et integre sicut idem nuper 
Rex Ricardus ea haberet si ilia praefato avo nostro non 
coDcessiaset Ita quod praedictus avus neater per manus 
ballivorum et aliorum ministrorum suorum levare, perci- 
pere, et habere posset, fines, redemptiones, et amercia- 



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157 

issues in respect of all the men and tenants (^ and in 
the lands and fees of our aforesud grandfather, and in 
respect of all reuanta within the same lands and fees, 
albeit the same men, tenants, or resiante were ministen 
of the same late King Richard or his heirs. And that PotAimm, 
our same grandfather, for the whole of his life, might udiiuu, 
have all manner of forfeitures, year, day, waste, and es- 
trepement, and whatever to the same late King Ridiard 
or his heirs could pertain of year, day, waste, and estrep^ 
ment, forfeitures and murders, within the lands and fees 
aforesaid, in what courts soever of him and his heirs, or imniHd «i 
ID whatever court of any other it might happen that the «t ««"> 
aforesaid men, tenants, or resiants should make fines or be 
amerced or forfeit issues, or that the aforesaid year, day, 
waste, and estrepement, forfeiture or murder were ad- 
judged — as well in presence of the same late King Richard 
and his heirs as in absence of him and his heirs, and as 
well before him and his heirs, and in the chancery of him 
and his heirs, and before the treasurer and barons of the 
exchequer of him and his heirs, and before the justices 
of the common bench of him and his heirs, and also before 
the steward and marshals or the coroner of the household 
of him and bis heirs, or the clerk of the market for the 
time being, and in other the courts of him and bis heirs, 
as before bis justices in eyre to hold common pleas and 
pleas of the forest, his justices assigned to take the assizes 
and to deliver his gaols, and before all other justices and 
ministers of him and his heirs whomsoever, as well in 
presence of him and hia heirs as in absence of him and 
his heirs, — as fully and entirely as the same late King ufanru 
Richard would have bad tliem if he had not granted them ' "'' 
to our aforesaid grandfather. So that our aforesud grand- 
bther by the bands of his boiliflb and other ministers might 



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menta ipsorum faominum tenentjum et residentium de et 
in terrie et feodie prfedictis, exitus forisfactoa, et quicquid 
ad ipsum nuper Regem Ricardum vel baeredes buos per- 
tinere poseet de anno die rasto, estreppameDto, forisfacturis 
et murdris, de et in terns et feodis prsedictia, qu^ coram 
dictia justitiariia itinerantibus ad commuDia placita et ad 
placita forest£e, ac coram pnedictia seneecallo et mares- 
callia coronatore vel clerico mercati, fieri seu adjudicari 
contingeret, per extractaa eorundem justitiariorum itine- 
randum in itinertbus suis, ac prsedictorum aeaescalli ma- 
reBcallorum coronatorig et clerici in sessionibue eiUB, bal- 
livis et ministris preedicti avi nostri inde liberandas; ac 
etiam fines, redemptiones, et amerciamecta de hominibus 
tenentibuB et resideotibus prsedictis, ac exitus foriafoctos, 
et omnia quie ad ipsum nuper Regem Ricardum vel bee* 
redes euos pertinere possent de anno die vasto et estrep- 
pamento, forisfacturis et murdris, de et in terria et feodis 
prsedictis, qiue coram ipso vel h^redibue bius, vel in can- 
cellaria sua et heeredum suorum, seu coram thesaurario et 
barouibus suis de scaccario et bseredum suorum, vel coram 
juslitiariis suis et bseredum suorum de communi banco, 
eive coram justitiariis ad assisas capiendas et gaolas d». 
liberandas, aut justitiariis ad transgressiones et felonias 
audiendas et terminandas aasignatis, seu coram alus justi- 
tiariis vel ministris suis quibuscunqne et hteredum suorum, 
fieri vel adjudicari contingeret, per extractaa de scaccario 
Buo et hteredum suorum, ballivis et ministris preefati avi 
DOBtri, per manuB vicocomitum in quorum ballivie dicta 
terrse et feoda existerent, iude liberandas; — sine occa- 
sions T^l impedimento ipsius nuper Regis Ricardi vel 
baeredum suorum, justitiariorum, ricecomitum, escaeto- 
rum, aut aliorum ministrorum suorum et h^redum 
suorum quorumcuuque. Et quod preedictus avus noster 



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158 

be ftble to levy, perceive, and have the fineB, raDsoms, and tiui th* 
amercemeats of the eame men, tenants, and resiaata of and b. toiiriM 
in the lands and fees aforesaid, forfeited issues, and what- ^"^J^ 
ever to the same late King Richard or bis heirB could £^£1^^^ 
pertun of year, day, and waste, eatrepement, forfeitures, *" '*"' 
and murders, of and in the lands and fees aforesud, which 
should happen to be made or adjudged before the said 
justices in eyre to hold common pleas and pleas of the 
forest, and before the aforesaid steward and marshals, 
coroner, or clerk of the market, by estreats of the same 
justices in eyre in their circuits, and of the aforesaid 
steward, marshals, coroner, and clerk, in their sessions, 
to be delivered thereof to the bailifis and ministers of 
our aforesaid grandfather; and also the fines, ransoms, 
and amercements of the aforesaid men, tenants, and re- 
siants, and forfeited issues, and all things which to the 
same late King Richard or his heirs could pertain of 
year, day, waste, and estrepement, forfeitures, and mur- 
ders, of and in the lands and fees aforesaid, which should 
happen to be made or adjudged before him or his heirs, 
or in the chancery of him and his heirs, or before the 
treasurer and barons of the exchequer of bim and bis 
heirs, or before the justices of him and bis beirs of the 
common bench, or before his justices assigned to take 
the assizes and to deliver his gaols, or the justices a»- 
signed to hear and determine trespasses and felonies, or 
before other the justices or ministers of bim and his 
heirs whomsoever, by estreats of the exchequer of him 
and bis heirs, to be delivered thereof to the bailifis and 
ministers of our aforesaid grandfather by the hands of 
the sherifis in whose bailiwicks tbe said lands and fees 
did lie; — without let or hinderance of the same late JI^S»*' 
King Richard or his heirs, or of his justices, sheiifis, J<^£. 



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159 

ad totam Titam suam per se et miniatros auos in omni- 
bus tenis et feodis prsedictiB, tarn id preesoDtia tpsiuB 
Duper Regis Kicardi et hsredum suorum quam in ab- 
seotia sua et hnredum suorum, facerat et haberet as- 
saiam et aseisam paniB vioi et cervisiae et omDimodorum 
altorum victualium quorumcuDque ac alionun ad officium 
clerici de mercato euo et hEeredum suorum pertinentium, 
cum punitione eonmdem quotiens et quaodo espediens 
foret et necesse : ao etiam haberet et perciperet fines 
amerciamenta et redemptlonea ac omnimoda proficua inde 
provenientia ; ita quod clericus mercati ipsius nuper Regis 
Ricardi et bsredum suorum non tDgrederotur dicta terras 
vel feoda pro aliquibua ad officium euum pertinentibus 
faciendia seu exercendis. Et quod idem avus noster ad 
totam ritam suam haberet catalla felonum et fugitivorum 
tam fetonum de ae quam aliorum quorumcuoque ac ut- 
lagatorum ex quacunque causa omnium hominum et te- 
nentium de et in tenis et feodis prsedictte, necnon omnium 
reeidentium infra eadem terras et feoda, quanqnam iidem 
homines tenentes aut residentes minietri ipsius nuper 
Regis Ricardi vel haeredum Euonim exiaterent : ita quod 
81 aliqius hominum et tenentium de et in terns et feodis 
preedictis seu aliquis residentium in dictis tenia et feodi^ 
aut aliquis alius in eiadem tenia et feodia, pro aliquo auo 
malefiicto quocunque debeat vitam vet membrum amittere, 
seu fugeret, et ju<Udo atare nollet» aut aliquam aliam trana- 
gresaioDem foceret pro qua ipse deberet perdere catalla 
sua, (in quo loco justitia de eo fieri deberet) nve in curia 
ipsiue nuper Regia RicanU et tueredum suorum vel in aliia 
curiis,} catalla ilia essent prsedictt ari nostri: et liceret ei 
aeu ministtis auis ponere se in seiainam dictorum catal- 
lorum et eadem catalla ad opus prsadicti avi noatri reti" 
nere; — sine occarione tsI impedimento ipsiue nuper R^b 



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159 

escheatoTB, or other ministen of him and his heirs whom- 
soever. And that our aforesaid grandfather, for the whole amuj md 
of his life) by himself and bis ministers, in all the lands >>n»d, »<■ 
and fe«s iforesaid, as well in presence of tbe same late ^Jl'^^^ 
King Richard and bis heirs as in ^sence of him and m^k^V"* 
his heirs, might make and have the assay and assize 
of bread, wine, and ale, and of all manner of other vic- 
tuals whatsoever, and of other things pertaining to the 
office of tbe clerk of the market of him and his heirs, 
together vrith the puniBhrnent thereof whenever and so 
often as it should he necesBary and expedient; and also 
that be might have and perceive the fines, amercements* 
and ransoms, and all manner of profits thence proceed- 
ing, so that the clerk of the market of tbe same late 
King Richard and Us heirs should not enter tbe said 
lands or fees to do or exercise any matters pertaining 
to his office. And that our same grandfather, for the ctuueiiot 
whole of bis life, might have the chattels of felons and niaiu>«i 
fugitives, as well felons of themselves as of others whom- 
soever, and of outlaws for any cause soever, of alt the 
men and tenants of and in tbe lands and fees aforesaid, 
and fdso of all resiants within tbe avne lands and fees, 
albeit tbe same men, tenants, or resiants were ministers 
of the same late King Richard or his heirs, so that if 
any of the men and tenants of and in the lands and 
fees aforesaid, or any of the resiants in tbe said lands 
and fees, or any other person in the same lands and 
fees, for any misdeed whatsoever, ou^t to lose life or 
limb, or should flee and not be willing to stand their 
trial, or should commit any other trespass for tbe which 
they ought to lose their chattels (in whatsoever pTace 
justice should be had of them, whether in the court of the 
same late King Richard and his heirs or in other courts). 



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Ricardi vel heeredum auorum, Ticecomitum, escaetorutn, 
aut alioram balliTorum seu ministrorum luorum et bte- 
redum Buorum quorumcunque. Et quod prsefatus «vus 
Doater ad totatn vitam Buain haberet retoroa omnium bre- 
vium ipsiue nuper Regis Ricardi et heeredum euorum, nec- 
Don Bummoailionum extractarum et preeceptorom de dcac- 
cario euo, et ecaccario haeredum auorum, ac extractarum 
et prseceptorum justitiariorum auorum et hseredum suorum 
itiDerantium tam ad placita forestte quam ad commuuia 
pladta, aut aliorum juatitiariorum quorumcunque, neccon 
attachiameuta tam de placitis corouGe quam aliorum in om- 
nibus tenia et feodia prtedictia. Et quod prsedictua arua 
noster ad totam vitam suam per se et per balliTOS et mi- 
niatroa auos haberet in eisdem terria et feodia execu- 
tionem eorundem brevium aummonitionum extractarum 
et prseceptorum : ita quod nullua vicecomes ballivus aut 
alius minister ipaius nuper Regis Ricardi vel hseredum 
suorum prsedicta terras et feoda ingrederetur pro aliquo 
officio vel aliqua re officium suum tangente faciendo, nisi 
in defectu ipuua avi noatri vel miniatrorum suorum. Ac 
insuper idem nuper Rex Ricardua per eandem cartam suam 
conceaserit pro ae et dictia haeredibua suia quod si viceco- 
mitea vel ballivi libertatum hundredorum seu wapenta- 
chiorum, in aliquibus executionibua pro preedicto avo 
noatro per brevia aeu maodata sua vel heredum suorum, 
seu aliquo alio modo, faciendis, negligentes essent vel re- 
missi, per quod contingeret ipeos amerdari aut fines facere 
in ecaccario vel in aliis curiis auis et haeredum suorum, 
bujuamodi fines et amerciamenta eaaent prsefati avi noetrii 
et quod levarentur ad opus ipsius avi nostri per miniatros 
suoB supradictos, durante vita ana. Et quod predictus 
avua Doster ad totam vitam suam haberet infra omnia 
preedicta terras et feoda omnimoda catalla vocata wayf 



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aiich chattels should belong to our afores^d grandfetfaer: 
and it should be lawful for him or his miniBters to put 
tfaemselres in seizin of the said chattels, and the same 
chattels to retain to the behoof of our aforesaid grand- 
father; — without let or hinderance from the same late wiihouiiat 
King Richard or bis heirs, or his sheriA, escbeators, or j^"^ 
other bailifis or ministers of him and hie heirs whomsoever, "i"*^ 
And that our aforesaid grandfetber, for the whole of bis n*tan ni 
life, might have the return of all writs of the same late wrx., «im- 
King Richard, and his heirs, and also of summons, es- jJ^IJ,"'' 
treats, and precepts of his exchequer and of the exchequer 
of his heirs, and of the estreats and precepts of the justices 
of him and his heirs in eyre to hold as well pleas of the 
forest as common pleas, or of other justices whomsoever, 
and also the attachment as well of pleas of the crown as Aiuchmmi 
of others in all the lands and fees aforesaid. And that our tti«cn>in>. 
aforesaid grandfather, for the whole of his life, by himself 
and by his bailiffs and mlDietere might have in the same 
lands and fees the execution of the same writs, summons, 
estreats, and precepts, so that no sheriff, bailiff, or other Ttwt ■» ab*. 
minister of the same late King Richard or his h^rs should buuffaniw 
euter the aforesud lands and fees to perform any office, or intH™^- 
anything touching bis office, unless in default of our same '^°"- 
grandfather or bis ministers. And, moreover, the same fibbuii 
late King Richard by bis same charter did grant, for '^'"' 
himself and his 8«d heirs, that if the sheriA or bailiffs i^^jjJ'J^^ 
of liberties, hundreds, or wapentakes were negligent or '^'«^"»- 
remiss in making any executions for our aforesaid grand- 
father by writs or mandates of him or his heirs, or in 
any other wise whereby it should happen that tbey be 
amerced or make fines in the exchequer or in other the 
courts of him and his heirs, such fines and amercements 
should belong to our aforesaid grandfather, and that they 



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et stray, deodanda, theBaurum inrentum ac alias res vel 
{Stalls inrenta; et quod ipse per ee et mitiiBtros sum 
seisire et capere poeset ad voluntatem euam ad opus 
pnedieti an nostri, wayfa et strayes, deodanda, thesaarum 
inventum, ac alia inventa supradicta. Et quod prmdictua 
avus noster ad totsm vitam suam haberet qosecunque 
bona et catalla vocata maiiuopera capta vel capienda 
cum quacuuque persona infra terraa et feoda praedicta, 
ac per eandem persoQam coram quocunqne judice dead- 
Tocata. Subsequenterque prsehtua pater noster ex certa 
stnentia sua, de aaseneu parliamenti sui, per cortam suam 
concesBerit, declaraTerit, et oTdinarerit, pro se et hseredibua 
suis, quod tam in ducatu suo Lancastrise, quam in univerffls 
et ungulis aliis comitatibus, bonoribns, maneriis, feodis, pos- 
Bessionibus, «t domimis eidem patri nostro ante adeptionem 
dignitatis suie regin, qualitercunque et ubicunque, jure 
hsereditario, in dominico eerritio vel rereraone, seu alias 
quafitercunque discenns, talia et faujaemodi libertatea, juia 
regalia, consuetudinee et franchesiffi, in omnibus et per 
ocmia, in perpetuum habeantur, exerceantur, condnuentur, 
fiant et utantur, et per tales officiarios et minietros gubo^ 
□entur et exequantur, quee et qualia et per quales officia- 
rios et mimstros, tam tempore died domini et mi nostri, 
quam temporibus alionim progenitorum et Bntecessonim 
suorum, in eisdem ducatu, comitatibus, honoribua, castria^ 
maneriis, feodis, et aliis poesessionibus et dominiis prsedictia, 
uti et hab^ ac regi et gubemari consueverunt, virtute car- 
tanim inde confecta^m,prout in cartis prcedictia plenius cod- 
tinetur. M®^ autem concessiones, deelarationes, decre* 
turn, ordinationem, voluntates, libertates, consuetudines et 
franchesias prsedicta, oc omnia alia et singula in cartia pne- 
dictis contenta, rata habentes et grata, ea pro nobis et be- 
redtbns nostria, quantum in nobis est, de gratia nostra ape- 



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161 

might be Idried to the behoof of our same graDdfatber by bis 
miniBtera aboresaid during bit life. And that our aforesaid 
gTaad&ther, for the whole of his Ufe» might hare within all 
the aforesaid lands and fees all manaer of chattels called w.jta ud 
wayf and stray, daodands, treasure trove, and other things !^l^nd>. 
or chattels found ; and that he by himself and bis ministera ^""" 
might be able to seize and take at their pleasure, to the 
behoof of OUT aforesaid grandfather, the wayfe and strays, 
deodands, treasure trovi^ and other things found as above- 
sud. And that our aforesaid grandfather, for the whole of Uainsoi. 
his life, might have all manner of goods and chattels called 
mainour, taken or to be taken upon any person soever 
within the lands and fiees aforesaid, and by the same 
person disclaimed before any judge soever. And sub- Andih» 
sequenUy our aforesaid father, of his certain knowledge, '^^'S^'*" 
with the assent of his parliament, did by his charter ?^|^'^g, 
grant, decUre, and ordain, for himself and his heirs, t^t»!!!^ 
that as well in bis duchy of Lancaster as in all and )l^,l^lf 
singular the other counties, honors, manors, fees, pos- SrdHd» 
sessionB, and brdsbips, to our same father howsoever '^'' ''^f ''' ** 
and wheresoever descended before his adoption of the fjl^"^ 
royal dignity, by hereditary right, in demesne, in ser- "V!!f^ 
vice, or in reversion, or otherwise howsoever, such and omanu 
the like hber^es, jura regalia, customs, and franchises, 
in all and throughout all, should be had, exercised, con- 
tinued, done, and used for ever, and by such officers and 
ministers be governed and executed as and which were 
wont to be had and used in the same duchy, counties, 
honors, castles, manors, fees, and other possessions and 
lordships aforesaid, and by whom they were wont to be 
ruled and governed, as well in the time of our said lord 
and grandfather, as in the times of other his progenitors 
and ancestors, by virtue of the charters thereof made, 



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16S 

<nali, et ex certa Bcientia nostra, ac de aaseDBu dominonim 
spiritualium et temporalium necnoD commuiiitatiB regni 
□ostri Anglise in prseseati parliamento noetro existentium, 
auctoritate ejusdem parliameoU, acceptamua, approbamus^ 
concedimua et confimiamuB, Bicut carUe priedictK ratio- 
nabiliUr testantur. Volentes ulterius et coDcedentes pro 
□obiB et dictia fasredibuB noetris, de assenau et auctoritate 
priedictiB, quod libertates, conauetudines et fraucbeBUe 
pnedicUe, et earum Bingulee, iu omuibUB et per omnia, 
in peq>etuum habeantur, exerceantur, continueatur, fiant, 
et utantur, juxta tenorem cartarum preedictantro, sine 
occaBione vel impedimento nostri vel haeredum nostronim, 
juBtitiariorjni, eBcaetorum, Ticecomitum, aut aliorum bal- 
lirorum vel nuDistrorum nostrorum seu heeredum nostro- 
rum quoTumcunque. Et quod sigillum pro ducatu prs- 
dicto bactenuB usitatum ad omnia et singula quee sub 
sigillo illo ante bsec tempora data conceBsa acta facta 
sive geeta fuerunt, aut qualitercunque emanarunt, locum 
habeat et vigorem in perpetuum, absque reclamatione seu 
contradictione aliquali, aut impetitione, inquietaUoo^ vel 
molestatione nostri vel beeredum nostrorum, aut jusUtia- 
riorum, baronum de acaccario noetro et hseredum nostro- 
rum, Tel aliorum officiariorum seu minietrorum nostrorum 
vel bseredum nostrorum corome quorumcunque. Quodque 
faujusmodi sigillum exnunc in ducatu illo pro ne^tiis 
et agendis ejusdem ducatus faeiendis et exequendis babe-, 
atur et exerceatur in perpetuum. Prseterea cum diversa 
boDores, castra, bundreda, commota, maneria, terree, te- 
nementa, reverBioDes, annuitates, feoda, advocationes, ac 
quamplura alia possessioneB et dominia iufra regnum nos- 
trum Anglise et partes Wallise praadictaa, ac alibi infra 
dominium et potestatem nostra, quee fuerunt de hsredi- 
tate prseclarK memorise domiiue Marise, unius filianmi et 



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the charters aforesaid more fully is contained, 
we, ratifying and approving the grants, declara- 
tions, decree, ordinance, wills, liherties, customs, and *^ji°^ 
franchises aforesaid, and all and every other the noatters 
and things in the charters aforesaid contained, do, for 
us and our heirs, as far as in us lies, of our especial 
grace and of our certain knowledge, and with the assent 
of the Lords spiritual and temporal, and of the Com- 
mons of our realm of England, in our present parlia- 
ment assembled, by the authority of the same parliament, 
accept, approve, grant, and confirm the same, as the 
charters aforesaid reasonably testify. Willing, further- ThautHr- 
more, and granting for us and our said heirs, by and i«iu,ud 
with the assent and authority nforesiud, that the liber' '^^^ 
ties, customs, and franchises aforesaid, and every of them, "«"•'""t 
in all and throughout all, shall he had, eurcised, con- 
tinued, done, and used for ever, according to the tenor 
of the charters aforesud, without let or hinderance from wiibmitM 
US or our beirs, the justices, escheators, sheri£, or other Kinfl 
the bailifis or ministers of us or our heirs whomsoever. 
And that the seal heretofore used for the duchy afore- Annutan 
said, in respect of all and every the things which have i»H«dii?ii« 
been given, granted, made, done, or passed, or in any ^"•^•^ 
wise have emanated under that seal before these times, 
shall have force and effect for ever, without any reclaim 
or contradiction or impeachment, disturbance or moles- 
tation, of us or our heirs, or the justices, barons of the 
exchequer of us Mid our heirs, or other officers or mi- 
nisters of the crown of us or our heirs whomsoever. 
And that hereafter the like seal shall he had and exer- Theun* 
cised in that duchy for executing and transacting the ^<° 
business and a^rs of the same duchy for ever, 
more, whereas divers honors, castles, hundreds, commotes. 



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heeredum Humfridi de Bobun naper Comitis Herefoidie, 
Easexiee, et Northamptontte, et ConstabuUrii Anglue, 
matrifl ncwtrs cariasimsB defuoctae, cujus basres hob 
flumuB, post mortem prsedicti domini et patris noBtri, 
qui ea tenuit ad terminum vitK sun per legem Anglue^ 
nobis et faeeredibuB Bostris jure fasereditario deeceoderiat 
et acciderint; nos jam, ex certa stuentia nostra, et de 
asBensu et anctoritate preedictiB, omnia et singula ho- 
nores, castra, bundreda, «nnniotai maneria, terras, tene- 
menta, reveruoneB, annaitates, feoda, adrocationes, po»- 
sessiones, et dominia priedicta dictse bsereditatiB noetree 
comitatuum Herefordise, Essexiee, et Nortbamptoniee, cum 
Buis juribuB libertatibus francbeaiia et liberis consuetudi- 
□ibus quibuBcimque, a corona nostra Anglise tenore pre- 
sentium separamus, et ea preedicto ducatui noBtro Lancas- 
trite adjungimuB, annectimus, uoimuB, et incorporamus, 
nobis et heredibus noatris, eidem ducatiu sic adjuncta, 
- annexa, uoita, et incorporata, in perpetuum, ut prtedic- 
tum est, remansura. Ac etiam ut dicta bfereditas noetn 
prsedictorum comitatuum Herefordin, Esaexie^ et North- 
amptooiie magnificentiuB iuHgniri et decorari, ac uni- 
verd et dnguli homines et tenentes bsereditatis illiuB, 
necnoD residentes infra eaodem, eo quietius, hooorificen- 
tiu«^ et tranquilUus exDunc deduci, gubemari, et per* 
tractari valeant^ csterique ligei nostri corda aeeumaat bi- 
lariora ad terras et tenementa ejusdem bsereditatis noetrsB 
indies confluere et ibidem libentius pennanere, quo Tariia 
fuerint libertatibus, francbesiiB, et immnnitatibus ex noBtta 
liberalitate suffulti, ex certa Bcieutia nostra, ac de asBensu 
et auctoritate prsedictis, volumus, ac t«nore praeaeo- 
ttum concet^mus, dedaramus, et ordinamus, pro nobis 
et hseredibua nostria, quod in univeruB et nngulis bono- 
ribus, caatris, bundredia, commotis, maneriia, terris, tene- 



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manon, lands, teDemenU, reversions, annuities, fees, ad- rmiuii^ 
vowBOBs, and very many other posBeSHions and lordsbipa ^^^^o 
within our realm of England and the aforesaid parts of 1^°^™)^ 
Wales, and elsewhere within our power and dominions, iSniiM^ 
(which were of the inheritance of the lady Mary ai d*ii|bi«ud 
famous memory, one of the daughters and co-heirs of HumpbRT 
Humphrey de Bdiun, late Eail of Hereford, Essex, and ^"^^" 
Northampton, and Constable of England, our dearest ^pf^' 
mother deceased, whose heir we are,) have descended 
and come unto us and our heirs by hereditary right 
since the death of our aforesaid lord and fattier who 
held them for term of his life by the law of England; — 
we now, of our certiun knowledge, and by and with the ti» uu 
assent and authority aforesaid, all and singular the honors, *^^™ 
castles, hundreds, commotes, manors, lands, tenements, re- ^Jt™"^ 
verwouB, annuities, fees, advowsons, posseBBtons, and lord- <'^'*°'^*^' 
ships aforesaid of our said heritage of the earldoms of 
Hereford, Essex, and Northampton, with all their rights, 
liberties, franchises, and free customs wbatsoever, do, by the 
tenor of these presents, sever &om our crown of England, 
and the same do adjoin, annex, unite, and incorporate to 
and with our aforesaid duchy of Lancaster, to remain 
to us and our heirs so adjoined, annexed, united, and 
incorporated to and with the same duchy as is afore- 
said for ever. And also in order that our said heritage ti» tttHKin 
of the aforesaid earldoms of Hereford, Essex, and North- ^la'^nu' 
ampton may be the more magnificently signalized and thr«i|hr>iu 
decorated, and all and every the men and tenants of "^^^^^' 
that heritage, and also the resiants within the same, Nu^uj^ 
may be the more quietly, honorably, and peacefully ma- *"' 
naged, governed, and treated hereafter, and that the rest 
of our lieges may be daily heartened more cheerfully 
to flock to the lands and tenements of our same be- 



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164 

mentie, feodis, domiaiia, et aliis possessionibus pnedictae 
hsereditatis Dostrse comitatuum Herefordise, Essesiffi, et 
Nortfaamptoniae, omnia et singuk libertates, coDsuetudines, 
francfaesis, et jura regalia prtedicta, quee nobis et be- 
redibus nostris remanere volumus, in omDibuB et per 
omnia, et per officiarios et miniatros nostroe ducatus, 
comitatuum, bonorum, caetrorum, roaneriorum, bundred- 
orum, commotorum, teirarum) tenementomm, feodorum, 
dominiorum, et aiiarum possessionum prtedictorum, jam 
ctHi&titutos aasignatos et deputatos, ac per nos et haeredes 
nostros decsetero constitueados asBignandoB et deputan- 
dos, exDunc futuris temporibua adeo plene integre et pa- 
cifice babeantur exerceantur continuentur fiant et utan- 
tur, prsedictaque bonores, castra, hundreda, commota, 
maneria, terrse, tenementa, feoda, dominia, et alise posses- 
eiones ejusdem hsereditatis noBtree comitatuum Herefordi^ 
Essexiffi, et Northamptoni», regantur, deducantur, et gu- 
bernentur, eisdem mode et fonna, ac sub sigillo priedictot 
prout eadem bonores, castra, hundreda, commota, maneria, 
terree, tenementa, feoda, dominia, et alise poBseEsioncs per 
bujuBmodi officiarios et ministros ducatus priedicti, ac sub 
eodem sigillo, melius et liberius regi, deduci, et gubemari, 
dictaque libertates, consuetudinea, frauchesiae, et jura re- 
galia in ducatu prfedicto, extra comitatum palatinum Lan- 
castriee, haberi, exerceri, continuari, et fieri consuevenint» 
virtute caTtanim inde coufectarum : quodque omnia et sin- 
gula dictam biereditatem uostram comitatuum Herefordiee, 
Essexise, et Nortbamptonise coDcementia, quse sub ngtUo 
prsedicto per nos data concesBa acta facta sive gesta fuerunt* 
seu qualitereunque emanarunt, locum habeant et Tigorem in 
perpetuum, modo quo superius quoad prEedictum ducatum 
nostrum Lancastrise plenius est declaratum. Et quod omnes 
et singuli bomioes et tenentes ejusdem haereditaUs nostrs 



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ritage, and there more willingly induced to remain, the 
more they are upheld by our bounty with various liber- 
ties, franchises, and immunities ; we will, of our certain 
knowledge, and by and with the assent and authori^ 
aforesaid, and by the tenor of these preseDts do grant, 
declare, and ordain, for us and our heirs, that in all and 
singular the honors, castles, hundreds, conunotes, manors, 
lands, tenements, fees, lordships, and other possessions of 
our aforesaid heritage of the earldoms of Hereford, EsseX} 
and Northampton, all and singular the liberties, custome, 
franchises, and jvra regalia aforesaid, which we will to 
remain (o us and our heirs, shall in future from this 
time forth be in all and throughout all, and by our officers udkriiM 
and ministers of the aforesaid duchy, counties, honors, mini>iinnf 
castles, manors, hundreds, commotes, lands, tenements, 
fees, lordships, and other possessions, now appointed, as- 
signed, and deputed, and hereafter by us and our heirs 
to be appointed, asngned, and deputed, as fully, entirely, 
and peacefully had, exercised, continued, done, and used, 
— and the aforesaid honors, castles, hundreds, commotes, udihiuid 
manors, lands, tenements, fees, lordshipB, and other pos- w luii^ci ■<> 
sessions of our same heritage of the earldoms of Here- "■'■' ■"•- 
ford, Essex, and Northampton, be ruled, managed, and "',1^;""' 
governed in the same manner and form, and under the ^DTi^'jI^ 
aforesiud seal, as the same honors, castles, hundreds, com- tben",°u 
motes, manors, lands, tenements, fees, lordsfaips, and other ii» ducby or 
possessions by the like officers and ministers of the afore- J^^""* 
said duchy, and under the same seal, have been accus- p*^"*- 
tomed in the best and freest manner to be ruled, ma- 
naged, and governed, and the said liberties, customs, 
franchises, and jwa regaUa to be had, exercised, con- 
tinued, and done in the aforesaid duchy, out of the county 
palatine of Lancaster, by virtue of the charters thereof 



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165 

comitatuom Herefordioi, Essexise, et NorthamptoDiae, ac 
rasidentes infra eandem, Ubertatibiis, francheeiiB, conaue- 
tudinibuB, et juribua praedictig, et eonim quolibet, decaetero 
plene et integre gaudeant et utantur in perpetuum, sine 
occastone vel ioapedimento Dostri vel hseredum nostronim, 
justitiarioniin, escaetonun, Ticecomitum, ant alionim bal- 
livonun seu ministroram Dostronim vel tuBredum nostro- 
nim quonimcuDque. Quodque universa et eiugula bene- 
fida eccleriastica ad (Uctam hseredltatam noBtram comi- 
tatuum Herefbrdiffi, Essexiae, et Northamptoniae apectantia 
per DOB et hiBTedee nostros contiaue futuria temporibus Bub 
«gillo prsedicto cooferaDtur; ita quod cancellarius vel the- 
saurarius AngUae pro tempore exiateatea, seu quivia alius 
officiariuB regius, de coilaUone vel prseaentatione, seu etiam 
de viutatione beneficiorum hqjuemodi, ratjone alicujus tituli 
noBtri aut offiinorum buotuid, ae nullatenus intromittaot in 
fttturo. Volentes insuper, et ex certa acieDtis noatra, ac 
de asseosu ac auctoritate prsdictia, concedentee, et decla- 
rantea per prseBentes, pro nobia et hieredibus nostria, quod 
omnia et singula honores, castra, bondreda, commota, ma- 
neria, terra, tenementa, rerersioneB, annuitates, feoda, ad- 
Tocatjonea, ac alia poesessioseB et dominia, qiue ad manua 
praefati patria noatri aut nostras post dicta concesaionem 
decIaratioDem decretum et ordinationem ipaiua patris 
nostri, de assensu parliamenti sui prradicti sic &cta, ut 
de jure ducatua praedicti, occaBione escaetfe, fbriafac- 
turse, recuperatioDis, remaaere, aut discenfiue, eive alte- 
liiis tituli) aeu alias qualitercunque de?enerunt, praedicto 
ducatui adjungantur, snnectentur, uniantur, et incorpo- 
rentur, nobis et bseredibus nostris, ut prrodictum est, re- 
mansura. Ac etiam quod quandocunque et quoUen»- 
cunque aliqua alia honores, castra, hundreda, commota. 



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made: «id diat all aod erery the matten and things ad aatts. 
conoenuDg our laid heritage of the earidonu of Here- uubiemo 
ford, EsseXf end Northampton, which hy ub have been J^^^^^,^^ 
given, graDted, made, done, or passed, or in anywise have ^^^,^*°'*™' 
emanated under the atntl aforesud, shall have force and 
effect for ever, in the same manoer as ia above mom 
fully declared respecting our aforesaid duchy of Lan. 
caster. And diat all and every the men and tenants of Tk*i«nt* 
our same heritage of the earldoms of Hereford, Essex, ^*^» 
and Northampton, and the resiants within the same, "^. ""^ 
may henceforth fully and entirely enjoy and use the liber- ^j^'^ 
tieg, Eranchisea, customs, and rights aforesaid, and every ■"■"'™- 
of them for ever, without let or binderance from us or 
our beim, or the justices, escheators, sherifls, or other 
bailiK or ministers of us or our beiia whomsoever. And phmb»- 
that all and singular ecclenastical benefices belonging to ci«iM«iiai 
our sud heritage of the earldoms of Hereford, f^ssez, tiaBfu 
and Northampton shall in time to come be conferred d>»bT>«i- 
uninterruptedly by us and our said heirs under the seal 
aforeeaid: so that in future the chancellor or treasurer chuHaHsn 
of England for the time being, or any other royal officer, zn^udsM 
do in nowise intermeddle in the collation or presenta- ^[l'.^?^ 
tion, or even in the visitation, of the like benefices by |^^£^. 
reason of any title of ours or of their offices. Wilhng, ah undi 
moreover, and of our certain knowledge, and by and i)» «lu. " 
with the assent and authority aforesaid granting and de- .^"L"!?' 
claring by tiiese presents, for us and our heirs, that all \"'t^" 
and ungular honors, castles, hundreds, commotes, manors, ^£)^^ 
lands, tenements, reversions, annuities, fees, advowsons, mh^^.Vt 
and other possessions and lordships, which after the said dncbr.^h^i 
grant, declaration, decree, and ordinance of our aforesaid •■»n*°' 
fotfaer, so made with the assent of faia parliament afbr»- 



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166 

maneria, terrse, tenementa, reversioneB, anDuitates, feoda, 
adTocaUones, aut alia possessionea et domitiia quaecanque, 
ubicunque infra dominium et potestatem nostra pnedicta, 
tanquam ad dictas baereditates nostras, vel alteram eanm- 
dem, pertinentia, ad manua noBtrae, Beo fateredum nostro- 
rum, ratione juris noatri, aut occauone bujuamodi escaet», 
forisbcturfc, recuperationie, remanere, aut discensu^ sive 
alteriua tituli, Beu alias qualitercuDqiie, futuris temporibus 
devenerint, eo ipso et quamdtius bonoree, castra, bua- 
dreda, commota, maneria, terree, tenementa, reversionea, 
annuitat«8, feoda, advocationes, ac alia poBsessiones vel 
dominia ilia in manibus nostriB vel bferedam suorum dc 
fuerint, uni vel alteri bsreditatum nostrarum prsedictarum, 
ad quam diuoscuntur pertinere, similiter adjungantur, uni* 
antur, et incorporentur, DobiB et bseredibus noatris ut prse- 
mittitur remansura. Et quod tarn ea omnia et singula 
quam alia supradicta, quae poBt conceasionem, declara- 
tionem, decretum, et ordinationem ipaius patris nostri 
prodicta, ad manna suas eive nostras sic devenerunt, seu 
impoaternm ut pnedictum est deTenerint, per bujusmodi 
oSciarios et minietroB nostros vel baeredum nostrorum, 
modoque et forma suf^adictis, ac sub si^llo preedicto, 
regantur et gubernentur; quodque libertates, consuetu- 
dines, francbesiae, et jura regalia, omnia et singula in 
eisdem plene et integre exerceantur, continueutur, fiant» 
et utantur in perpetuum; sine oncasione vel impedimento 
nostri vel hseredum nostrorum, juatitianorum, vicecomi- 
tum, escaetorum, aut aliorum ballivorum seu ministrorum 
nostrorum vel hseredum nostrorum quorumcunque. In 
cujus rei testimonium bas Uteras noBtras fieri fecimus 
patentes. Teste me ipso apud Westmonasterium, de- 
cimo none die Novembris, anno regni nostri secundo. 



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166 

sud, came iato the hands of our some father, or into 
oon on occaMOQ of escheat, forfeiture recovery, re- 
mainder, or descent, or by other title, or othervise bow- 
eoerer, ae in the right of the aforesiud duchy, shall be 
adjoined, annexed, united, and incorporated to and vith 
the said duchy, to remain to us and our heirs, as is 
aforesaid. And also that whensoever and ae often soever udiiiiaadi 
as any other honors, castles, hundreds, commotes, manors, iSu^t 
lands, tenements, reverBions, annuities, fees, advowsons, or '?'^'y"> 
other possessions and lordships whatever, wheresoever i^^'^'^i^ 
within our aforesaid power and dominion, shall come in u«b^1h7y 
future to the bands of us or of our heirs, as pertain- bdoD^"""' 
ing to our said heritages or to either of them, by reason 
of our right, or on occasion of the like escheat, forfeiture, 
recovery, remainder, or descent, or by other title, or other- 
wise howsoever, immediately and so soon ae such honors, 
castles, hundreds, commotes, manors, lands, tenements, re- 
versions, annuities, fees, advowsons, and other possessions 
or lordships shall bo be in the hands of ue or of our heirs, 
they shall in like manner he adjoined, united, and incor- 
porated to and with one or other of our aforesaid he- 
ritages, to the which they are known to pertain, to remain 
to us and our heirs, as is premised. And that ae well all in wumh 
and every of them as the others abovesaid, which afler the •>uiii» nib- 
afores^d grant, declaration, decree, and ordinance of our "JJ^Jj- 
same father, so came into his hands or into ours, or here- ^** "' 
after shall come as is aforesaid, shall he ruled and governed 
by the like officers and ministers of us or our heirs in 
manner and form abovesaid, and under the seal afore- 
sud ; and that the liberties, customs, franchises, and wd ti» uid 
jam r^alia shall all and every of them be fully and iurmnttua 
entirely exercised, continued, done, and used in the same "■*"- 



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167 

hea quflux paroles lieus en pleine parlement, le Roy de 
I'aBBent et auctorite suiadites comanda Boun Chaunceller 
d'ent {aire lettres patentes desoutz soun grande seal 
Bolonc la contenue de mesme la ceduU^ en orerte tes> 
nKHgnance et affEtrmance de sea declaration graute et 
ordinance afauntdits. 



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167 

for ever; — without let or binderance from us or oar 
heirs, or the justices, Bherifb, escheators, or other the 
bailifls or ministers of us or of our heirs whomsoever. Id 
witness whra^of we have caused these our letters to be 
made patent Witness ourself at Westminster, on the 
nineteenth day of November in the second year of our 
reign. 

Which words being read in full parliament, the King 
by and with the assent and authority aboveeaid commanded 
hie Chancellor to make out letters patent * thereof under 
his great seal, according to the contents of the same 
schedule, in open testimony and affirmation of his de- 
claration, grant, and ordinance abovesud. 

* The Ictlcre patent inrolled on the Patent RoD, S Hen. 0, p. 3, 
m. 23, bear date at WeatminRtcr, on the 7th daj of December. 



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Rotulus Parliamenti t«nti spud Westmonasterium die Lunn proximo 
pOBt Occab«s Sancti Uartini, anno regnl R^ia Henrici Quinti post Con- 
qnestum secundo. 

^TEM, priont les CommuneB que pleise a noBtre 
S tres redoute Seigniour le Roi, par avie des 
w Seigniours eepirituelx et teniporelx, en ycest 
^ present parlement aseemblez, d'ordeiner que 
les justices du pees desore en avauot affiurez deinz les 
countees d'Eogleterre solent faitz des pluis suffisantz 
persones, par avys du Cbaunceller et Conseill nostre 
Seigoiour le Roi, demurantz deins mesmes les counties, 
saunz prendre autres persoues demurantz en foreins coun- 
teee a tiel office occnpier, forspris justices de les assises, 
en pleyn accomplisBement de tout droit et justice deius 
mesmee les countees : Savant tout foitz que les chiefs 
seneschauL nostre Seigniour le Roi des terres et seig- 
niories del ducbee de Lancastre en le north et south 
parmy Engleterre, pur le temps esteantz, soient justices 
de la pees en lour offices et sessions a la volunte du Roy. 
Respoi^sio. — Le Roi le voet; ovesque ceo que les 
Seigniours soient nommez eo les commisBioDB des jus- 
tices de la pees come ila soleint estre nommez par devaunt. 



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Roll of the Puluunent boMen tt Wesdninster on the Uoniky next 
after the Octaves of Boint Martin, in the second year of the reign of King 
Henry the Fifth after the Conquen. 

LSO, the Commons pray that it may please oar ],^^": 
I most dread Sovereign Lord the King, by the *■"■''■ 

advice of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in 
I this present Parliament assembled, to ordain 
that the justicea of the peace henceforth to be made in juoaM «t 
the counties of England be made from the moat sufficient ET^^JuMd 
persons dwelling in the same counties, by the advice »umtin 
of the Chancellor and Council of our Lord the Kin^ u>*M»Mi«, 
without taking other persons dwelling in foreign coon- 
ties to occupy such office, except the justices of assize, g„q,tiDi- 
in full accomplishment of all right and justice io the ^ **" 
same counties: Saving always that the chief stewards Tt*ibi*r 
of our Lord the King of the lands and lordships of HM^uhrar 
the duchy of Lancaster in the north and south parts Bonhud 
throughout England, for the time being, may be justices J^JJT^' 
of the peace in their offices and sessiona at the King's 
pleasure. 

Answer.— The King wills it; so that the Lords be 
named in the commissions of justicea of the peac^ aa 
they were wont to be named before. 



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Harcii, Bnno regni Regis Henrici Qninti poet Conquestum tertio. 

De DUCATU LaNGASTRLK ET IF8IU8 BENESCALLIB. 

AIT asaavoir que lee CtMrnnimes d'Engleterr^ 
assemblez en ceste paxlement, bullerent une 
petitioa en meame le parlement, en la founne 
q'eiiBuit ; 

Please au Roy DOfltre Seigniour SoTerain, de Passent 
des Seignloun espirituelx et temporelx et de lea Com- 
munes en cest present parlement aBsemblez, par au^ 
toritee de meeme le parlement, d'acceptier, approver, ra- 
tifier, granter, et confenner voz lettres pateotea, par toub 
futz et grantez, en vostre parlement tenuz a Westmonastre 
I'an de vostre regne second, touchantz les liberteea cu»- 
tumes et frandusea a uaiers ayoira et a continuers deinz 
voz heritages de vostre duche de Loncastre, et des 
comiteea de Hereford Essex et Northampton, et aatres 
choses comprises en les dites lettres, solonc I'effect tenure 
et purport de mesmes les lettres en due forme, adjoustantx 
et en outre par voz lettres ent a fairs grantantz pour voos 
et voz beire, de Vassent dee ditz Seigniours et Commuaes 
de mesme cest parlement, et par auctoritee d'icele parle* 
ment, pour vostre grande proffit de voz heritages suis- 
dit2 et pour la meillour governance d'icellee, et en con- 
flervation et eustentation de les avant-dites liberteee et 
cuetumes et franchises, les clauses et paroles qui cy en- 
sujent : 



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Roll of the Pariiainent holden U WeBtmisMer, on the sixteenth 4*,j 
of March, in the third jear of the reign of King Hemy the Fifth after 
the Conquest. 

Of the Ducht of Lancaster and its Stewards. 

IE it known that the CommonB of England, ntiiiiv, 
in this Parliament asBembled, delivered a i.d. ui«. 
petition in the same Parliament, in the form 
which fbllowB: 

May it please our Soverfflgn Lend the King, with PMUoaot 
the aaeetit of the Lords Sfnrituat and Temporal, aod of ^^JjJIJ^^ 
the Commons in this present Parliament aaaembled, by ^il^j^S^ 
authority of the same Parliament, to accept, approve, Fuibunt 
ratify, grant, and confirm your letters patent by you ih«.s. 
made and granted in your Parliament holden at West- 
minster in the second year of yoor reign, touching the 
liberties, customs, and francfaiBes to he used, had, and 
continued in yonr heritages of your duchy of Lancaster 
and earldoms of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton, 
and other things comprised in the said lettera, sccording 
to tfae eiket, tenor, and purport of the same letters hi due 
form, adding and moreover by yoiur letters thereof to be «DtiiiucH- 
made granting for you and your heirs, with the assent ^^^J^*' 
of the said Lords and Commons of this same Parlta^ 
ment, and by the authority of the same Parliament, for 
your great profit of your heritages abovesaid, and for 
the better governance of the same, and in preservation 
and mtuntensnce of the aforesud liberties and customs 



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Volentee insuper, da assensu dominorum epiritualium at 
btrnporalium ac commuaitatum regni nostri AngliEe in prse- 
seoti parliomento Qostro exiateDtiutn, et auctoritate tjua~ 
dem parliamenU, concedentes et declaranteB, pro nobis et 
beeredibus noBtris, quod uterque capitaliam seoeBcallorum 
nostronim ac hferedum et aseignatorum aostrorum hseredi- 
tatum nostramm preedictarum, pro tempore exiBtcDtium, in 
singulis comitatibua dicti regni nostri infra ballivam euam, 
vel in quibus officium suum senescalcise exercet, sen ex- 
ercere debeat, in singulis conunissionibus custodum pads 
ac justitiarioruni laboratorum servientiuni et artificum 
necnon justitiariorum ad diversa felonias tranagressiones 
et malefocta audienda et terminanda assignatorum exnunc 
feciendis, de tempore in tenipua assignetur et nominetur, 
ultra numerum hujusmodi cuatodum et justidarionim juxta 
formam statuti inde editi prius limitatorum, statuto pne- 
dicto non obstante. Quodque nuUee donationes, concea- 
siones, pardonationes, remissiones vel relaxationes, quae 
dictas hsereditates nostras, aut bonoree, castra, maueria, 
terras, tenementa, redditus, feoda, advocationes, libertates, 
et francbesias ad easdem bsereditates nostras qualitercunque 
perttnentia, seu aliquam parcellam eamndem, aut wardas, 
custodias, maritagia, releria, exitus, fines, amerdamanta, 
proficua, fit commoditatos, aut officiarios vel ministroa 
nostros seu lueredum vel aasignatonim aostrorum bsBr&> 
ditatum prsedictarum, (sive bonores, castra, manena, terras, 
tenementa, redditus, feoda, advocatjones, libertates, et fran. 
cbesice ilia in manibus nostris aut dictomm baeredum vel 
assignatorum noetrorum, sive in manibus aliorum quorum- 
cunque ex concessione sive feoEbmento nostri aut eorun- 
dem hEeredum vel assignatorum nostrorum inde facto seu 
^iendo, ad terminum vits vel annorum, aut in feodo 
seu alias qualitercunque ad opus nostrum seu bseredum 



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aiid franchiseB, the clauses and wor^ which hereinafter 
follow : 

Willing, moreorer, with the aseent of the Lords Spiritual Th* eiut 
and Temporal, and of the Commons of our realm of Eug- *^?^ 
land in our present Porliameat assemhled, and by au- J^iSSiJtai? 
thority of the same Parliament, granting and declaring «'"■■'■■^ 
for us and our heirs that each of the chief stewarda of 
OS and our heirs and assigns of our heritages aforeeud, 
for the time heing, in every the counties of our said 
realm within his bfuliwick, or in which he exercises or 
ought to exerdse his office of steward, shall be assigned 
and nominated from time to time, in all commiesions here- 
after to be made of keepers of the peace and justices, of 
labourers, servants, and artificers, and also of justices as- 
^gned to bear and determine divers felonies, trespasses, 
and offences, over and above the number of like keepers 
and justices first limited according to the form of the 
statute thereof passed, the aforesaid statute notwithstand- 
ing. And that no donations, grants, pardons, remissioDs, ns pmi», 
or releases, which concern, or in any case aiiung or on ingu» 
any pretence sought can concern, our sud heritages, or Jf^^j^"» 
the honors, castles, manors, lands, tenements, tents, fees, | 
advowsons, liberties, and franchises to our same heritages I 
in any wise soever pertunin^ or any parcel thereof, or > 
the wards, wardships, marriages, reliefs, issues, fines, • 
amercements, profits and commodities, or the officers or 
ministers of us or our assigns, of the heritages aforesaid, 
or which shall happen to proceed in future in regard to 
oar said heritages, or any parcel of the same, or in the 
same to he made or arise, (whether the said honors, cas- 
tles, manors, lands, tenements, rents, fees, advowsons, 
liberties, and franchises be in the hands of us or of our 
said heirs or assigns, or in the hands of others whom* 



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171 

vel usignatorum nostrorum,) conoemunt, aeu aliquo cuu 
emergente aut quovis quaeeito colore coDcernere poterunt, 
aut de dictis heereditatibus nostiia aeu aliqua parcella 
earuDdem in future emergere, aut in eisdem fieri vel oriri 
contigeriDt, sub aliquo alio eigillo nostro, bseredum Tel 
asBignatorum sostrorum prsBdictorum, magDO vel parrO) 
prseterquam sub Bigillo ooBtro pro ducatu pnedictt^ ut 
pr^mittitur, ordinato vel ordiuando dumtaxat, exnunc 
facienda, seu quee sub aliquo alio sigillo aliqualiter ema- 
aare contigerint in futuro, valida eint aut effectualia 
quoris modo, — immo caesa irrita et inania reputentur et 
faabeantur in perpetuum. 

La quelfl petition, lewe overtement en cest parlement, 
et bien entendu, fuist reepondu en la manere q'enauit: 
Le Roy, de I'aBsent des Seigniours eajnrituelx et tem- 
porelx esteantiE en cest parlement, et a la requeste des 
CommuneB avaunt ditz, le voet en toutz pointz. 



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171 

soever by grant or feoffinent of us or of our same heirs 
or assigns thereof made or to be made for term of life 
or years, or in fee, or otherwise howsoever to the behoof 
of us or our heirs or assigns,} to be made hereafter 
under any other aeal of us, our heirs or assigns afore* 
said, great or small, other than under our seal orduued 
or to be ordained for the duchy aforesaid only, as is 
premised, or which shall in future happen in any way to 
emanate under any other sesl, shall be valid or effectual 
in auy wise,— nay, they shall be held and reputed null, 
void, and quashed for ever. 

The which petition, being openly read in this Parlia- 
ment and well understood, was answered in the manner 
following : The King, with the assent of the Lords Spi- 
ritual and Temporal in this Parliament assembled, and at 
the request of the Commons aforesud, wills it in all points. 



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BotuluB Parliamenti tenti spud WegtmonaBterium eecundo die Mail, 
BJiDO regni Regis Henrici Quinti post Conquestum dodo. 

La purpartie de l'enueritance Humprey oe Bobum 
JADIB Count de Hereford et de Essex. 

j3 EMORANDUM quod super concordia inter 
JQ domiaum Henricum Regem Anglue Quin- 
J turn post Conquestum, filium et hseredem 
S Mali» uDius filianim et hseredum botise me- 
morue Humfridi de Bobun nuper comitis Herefordise Es- 
sexiee et Northamptonio; ac coDstabulaiii Anglite, et Aonam 
filiam et hseredem Alianorse alterius filiarum et baeredum 
ejusdem nuper comitis, habita ut dicitur, — videlicet, de 
eo quod ipsa Anna partitionem legalem, tarn dictum do- 
minum Regem quam priefatam Annam, de omnibus et 
siugulis castriB maneriis et eorum membris cum perti- 
neutUs, necnon de bundredis tenis teneoteatis marisds 
feodis comitatuum curiis risibus forestis pards boscis et 
reversiouibuA cum pertinentiis in Aoglia et in Wallia, una 
cum feodis miUtum et advocationibus eccleBianim abba- 
tiarum prioratuum vicariarum bospitalium capellarum et 
aliorum beneficiorum ecclesiasticorum ac allia quibus- 
cunque ad prEcdicta castra maneria terras tenementa et 
alias poBsesaiones vel ad aliquod eorundem quoquo modo 
pertinentibus appendentibus sire spectantibus, de quibus 
prsefatua nuper comes avus dictonim domini Re^ et 
Annse fuit sebitus tarn in domiuico quam in reTersione 
die quo obiit, contjngentem, in duas partes sequales, qusrum 
dictue domiuus Rex eledionem haberet, faceret ; — prsefata 



i by Google 



XXIII. 

Roll of the PuliuneDt holdeo U Westmituter on the Mcond tU; of 
Msj, in the aintb year of the leign of King Henry the Fifth »11« the 
Conquest, 

The partition of the inheritance of Humphrey de 
BoHtm, LATE Earl of Hebefobd and Essex, 

[^E it remembered, tbat upon an agreement bad, , 
is said, between Lord Henry the Fifth after * 
i 1^^ til ^^ Conquest, King of England, son and heir 
^ of Mary, one of the daughters and co-heirs of 
Humphrey de Bohun of good memory, lata Earl of Here- 
ford, Essex, and Northampton, and Constable of England» 
and Anne daughter and heir of Eleanor another of tbe 
daughters and co-heirs of the same late Earl, — to wit, that 
the same Anne should make a lawful partition into two 
equal parts, touching as well the said lord the King, as tbe 
aforesaid Anne, of which the said lord the King should 
hare his choice, of all and wngulor the castles, manors, 
and their members, with appurtenances, as also of the 
hundreds, lands, tenements, marshes, fees of counties, 
courts, views, forests, parks, woods, and reversions, with 
their appurtenancea in England and Wales, together with 
the knights' fees and advowsoDs of churches, abbeys, 
priories, vicarages, hospitals, chapels, and other eccleu> 
astical benefices, and other things whatsoever in any manner 
pertaining, appendent, or belonging to the aforesaid cas- 
tles, manors, lands, tenements, and other possessions, or 
to any of the same, of which tbe aforesaid late Earl, 
grandfather of the said lord tbe King and Anne, was 
seised, as well in demesne as in reversion, on tbe day on 



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178 

Anna partitioaem iode (praeterquam de feodis militum et 
advocatioDibus eccleaiarum abbatiarum prioratuum vica- 
riarum boBpitalium capellanim et alionim benfficionim eo- 
cleBiaeticorum de haereditate praadicta in grosso existenti- 
buB,) per ipeam factam, virtute coacordiffi preedicts» in 
duobus Totalis contentam, «idem domino Regi in pne- 
senti Farliamento sedenti, in prsesentia DomiDorum Spi- 
ritualium et Temporalium in eodem existentdum, ut idem 
dominus R«x propartem suam inde virtute ejuedem con- 
cordie eligeret, optulit et liberavit Super quo idem 
dominus Rex, habitie de et super rotulia prsdictis et 
contentis in eisdem inspectione et aviaamento pleniori, 
partem illam, quse ad propartem suam in uno rotulorum 
preadictorum intitulatur, et quse sic incipit, " La purpartie 
du Roy, fanprit Feet et Avoetont queux stmt en ffroue,"' 
sibi taoquam haeredi dictee Marise elegit, videlicet, omuia 
et singula castra maneria membra hundreda terras ten&- 
menta mariBcos feoda comitatuum curias visue forestaa 
parcos bosGOB et reversiones priedicta, cum pertinentiis, 
una cimi feodis et advocationibue ac aliis ad eadem 
vel ad aliquod eorundem ut pnemittitur pertinentibua ap- 
pendeotibus sive spectantibus, in parte ilia speci6cata, 
in perpetuum ; alteram vero partem quse ad propartem 
prsefatse Anufe in altero dictorum rotulorum intitulatur, 
et quae sic incipit, " La purpartie del Dame Aime la 
Coimteste de Stafford, forsprit Fee» et Avoeeana qaeux 
eOTit en ffroste^ eidem Annce tanquam bseredi preebtse 
Alianone reliquit, videlicet, omnia et dngula castra ma- 
neria membra bundreda terras tenementa mariacos feoda 
comitatuum curias visus forestaa parcos boscos et re- 
vereiones preedicta, cum pertineutiia, una cum feodis et 
advocationibus ac aliia ad eadem vel ad aliquod eorun- 
dem ut prsedictum est pertiuentibus appendentibus sive 



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17S 

. which he died ; — the aforesaid Anne offered and delivered 
the partitioD made thereof by berBelf in virtue of the afore- 
said agreement, contained in two toIIb, (except of the 
knights' fees, and advowsons of churches, abbeys, priories, 
vicarages, hospitals, chapels, and other ecclesiastical he- 
nefices, being of the aforesud inheritance in gross.) to the 
same lord the King ntting in the present Parliament, in the 
presence of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal being in the 
same, that the same Lord the King might choose his pur- 
party thereof by virtue of the same agreement. Whereupon 
the same lord the King, very full inspection of and advice 
respecting the rolls aforesud and their contents having been 
had, chose to himself for ever, as heir of the said Mary, 
that part which is ascribed to his purparty in one of the 
aforesaid rolls, and which thus be^ns, " T^ purparfy 
of the King, excepting the Fee» and Advowtont which are 
in grou,^ to wit, all and ungular the castles, manors, 
members, hundreds, Unds, tenements, marshes, fees of 
counties, courts, views, forests, parks, woods, and rever- 
sions aforesaid, with their appurtenances, together with 
the fees and advowsons and other things pertuning, ap- 
pendent or belonging to the same, or to any of the sam^ 
as is aforesud, specified in that part ; and the odier part, 
which is ascribed to the purparty of the aforesaid Anne 
in the other of the sud rolls, and which begins thus, 
" JTu purparty of the Ijady Anne CouiUeu of Stafford, 
except the Fee» and Advowtoru which are in grou^ he 
left to the same Anne for ever, as heir of the aforesaid 
Eleanor, to wit, all and singular the castles, manors, 
members, hundreds, lands, tenements, marshes, fees of 
counties, courts, views, forests, parks, woods, and rever- 
sions aforesaid, with their appurtenances, together with 
the fees and advowsons, and other things pertaining, ap- 



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174 

spectantibue, in parte ilia aibi sic intitulata specificatat 
in perpetuutn ; — feodis et advocationibuB prsedictis, sic 
in grosso existectibuB, in manibus ipsius domini Regis re- 
manentibust prcesenti partitione non obstante, quousque le- 
galiB partitio de eisdem per prsefatam Annam in duas partes 
tequales, quarum elecdo cedet eidem domino Regi in fbnna 
pnedicta, fiat Qui quidem duo rotuli dorso prsesentis 
rotuli hujuB Parliamenti sunt consuti, et quorum tenor 
seqmtur ut patet bic infeiius. Et poetea, veniente dicta ci^ 
mitissa Staffordiee coram dicto domino Rege, in ipso eodem 
Parliameoto sedente, &tebatuT ibidem pnedicta comitiasa, 
in prsesentia Dominorum preedictorum, quod manerium 
de Amalfl in comitatu NotJnghamiffi, in proparte ejusdem 
domini Regis per ipsam sic fikcta specificatum, fuit a diu 
perantea per dominam Alianoram nuper ducissam Glou- 
cestriffi, matrem ejusdem comitisBae. aJieoatum in feodo, 
et per eandem comitissam alienatio ilia extitit confirmata ; 
idem domiDua Rex super hoc dixit quod eadem comitissa 
tunc omnino satisfacere oporteret teuenti diet! manerii de 
Aniale» »c quod dictus dominus Rex illud obtinere poeset 
tarn tramite conecientiae quam ratione juris bsreditarii, 
juxta formam et effectum propartis euee praedictse, aut 
quod praefata comitissa eidem domino Regi pro dicto ma- 
nerio de Amale debitam in bac parte foceret recompen- 
sationem. Ad quod praedicta comitissa ibidem tunc con- 



La furpartib db Roy, fobsfbis lbs Fees bt AvoseoNS qckcx 

BOM BIT OBOOS HIBNT AFPUllTBNANTZ OH APFBHDANTZ A LES 
F0BSXB8I0NS BOUIZ BBCBIPTZ : 

EsSEX\ 

U manoir de Waldene, j"'™*^ "*• '"^-l un park. 



^d by Google 



174 

pendent, or belonging to the same, or to any of the 
sam^ as is aforeBaid, specified in that part bo ascribed 
to her; — the fees and advowsoos aforesaid, eo being id 
gross, remaining in the bands of the same lord the King, 
notwithstanding the present partition, until « lawful par^ 
tition of the same into two equal parts be made by the 
aforesaid Anne, the choice of which shall Ml to the 
same lord the King in form aforesaid. Which two rolls 
are stitched to the back of the present roll of this Par* 
liament, and the tenor of which follows as appears here 
below. And, afterwards, the said Countess of Stafibrd 
coming before the sud lord the King, he sitting in the 
same Farliainent, the eaid Countess there confessed, in 
the presence of the aforesud lords, that the manor of 
Arnold in the county of Nottingham, specified in the 
purparty so made by faer of the same lord the King, 
was long ago alienated in fee ^by Lady Eleanor late 
DudiesB of Gloucester, mother of the same Countess, and 
that that alienation was confirmed by the same Countess; 
the same lord the King hereupon sud that the same 
Countess ought then thoroughly to satisfy the tenant of 
the said manor of Arnold, so that the said lord the King 
might obtain it as well in the way of conscience, as by 
reason of hereditary right, according to the form and 
effect of his aforesaid purparty, or that the aforesaid 
Countess should make recompense due in this respect 
imto the same lord the King for the said manor of Arnold. 
To which the aforeeud Countess then there consented. 

The fubpabty op thx Kino, kxcbpt ths Fsbs and Advow- 
bons which abb in obosa, noi affvbtbiant ob apfbndkkt 
to thk fosbbbsionb nndbbwbiiibn : — 

Essex. £. t. d. 

The manor of Walden, 72 2 Si a park. 



...Googk 



Le manoir de Depden, xxxiti. xi s. ob. un boys. 

. , ^ , ( xilt. jmA ob. I , 

Le manoir de Quesden, -{ . > "° ooya. 

r deux boye, et 
Le maDoir de LiegheB, xxiti.xis.iid.ob. i orove 

Le manoir de Dunmowe, 3i:xxiiiiti.Tiiis.vd. i ™ ' 
{ UD boys. 

Leinanoir[de]Ma8shebury, xiii^. xixs. uid. un boys. 

Le manoir de Badewe, xxxiuH. va. viiiS. J ™ ' 
I groves. 
Le cbastell et manoir de 1 ^ ^ , 

Plecy, )-ovi8.viii3. un park. 

Le manoir de HieghKti_ un park. 

Estre, J 

Le manoir de Waltbam, lK. deux parkes. 

Le manoir de Wikes, xxviti.xiii5.iin A un park. 

Le manoir de Shenefeld, xxiiti. 
Le viewe de Chiafaull, miS. 

La court de I'honour de) ,. 

T,. . T, > llllll. 

Hiegh Estre, J 

Le manoir de Famham, xixti. 
Le fee del countee d'Es-l ^^^^ ^^ ^g_ 

eex, > 

La somme, Gcccxxxvtu xiiiis. id. q'". 

Midd'. 

I un chace, et 
1* manoir de Enefeld, XLiiK.xd.ob.q". -t y^ park. 

Le tenement appetlezi >. ~ ^ 
^^ , > iiiin. xiB. va, 

Hakenoys, / 

London'. 
BlauncbappultoD, lxvis. viiid. 



^d by Google 



The manor of Depden, 
The msDOT of Quendon, 

The manor of Leigbs, 

The manor of Dunmow, 
The manor of Mashbury, 
The manor of Baddow, 

The castle and manor of \ 
Plesbej, / 

Themanor of High Easter, 
The manor of Waltham, 
The manor of Wickes, 
The manor of S hen E eld, 
The view of Chishall, 
The court of the honor i 
of High Easter, f 

The manor of Famham, 
The fee of the county of t 
Essex, J 

The sum, 



£. s. d. 

81 }1 Oi a wood. 

11 1 4} a wood. 

2111 jj/"»;»"''. 

I and a grove, 
a park, and a 

wood, 
a wood, 
a park, two 
groves. 
5 6 8 a park. 



84' 8 

13 19 
88 5 



&6 18 
32 



19 
40 10 10 



iU 14 11 



a park, 
two parks, 
a park. 



MinDLESEX. 

The manor of Enfield, 
The tenement called , 
" Hakenoys," / 


42 103 
4 11 5 


London. 
Blauncbappulton, 


8 6 8 



( a chace, and a 
I park. 



^d by Google 



Hertford*. 
La court de Hertford ore 1 „ « 

le Tiewe de Hoddesdon, > 
Tout le manoir de Notb-1 ^. 

ampstede, X 

Cahtebb*. 
Le viewe de Ssustou, r s, 

NOBFP'. 

Le manoir de Fulmodes- 
ton. 



1 boys. 



I xza II 



Nicole. 
Le nuuoir de Longebe-i .. » ^ 

> LXXllIl.XVI8.TIIia. 

nyngtoD, I 

OXGNTORD*. 

Le man<nr de Haseleet xti. 

Lemanoirde Kirtljugton, xiiiti. no. Titi^. un boys. 

Le manoir de Dadyngton, xmti. ris. viiid. 

Le manoir de Periton, xvift. xiiis. mid. un boys. 

L'entiermanoirdeABOote, xiiiiK.xiiis.iiiid. un boys. 

WiLTBS'. 

he manoir de Up Haven, xxntt xuis. mid. 
I^e viewe 

Haven, J 

La court de Monkfarley, xnia. iiiict. 

{un park, et 
deux forans 
boys. 



^d by Google 



176 

Hertford. j^. 

Hie court of Hertford, . 

with the view of Hod- i o 



All the manor of Nut- 
huDpstead, J IS a wood. 

Cambridoe. 
The view of Sawston, 5 

Norfolk. 
The manor of Fulmodes- i 

ton, } 20 4 8 

Lincoln. 
The manor of Ix>ng Ben- t to ia s 
nington, / 

OXFOBD. 

The manor of Haseley, 10 

The manor of Kirtlington, IS 6 8 a wood. 

The manor of Dedding- i i « « o 

ton, / 

The manor of Pirton, 16 IS 4 a wood. 

The entire manor of Ab- . ^^ ^^ ^ ^ ^^^ 

cott, t 

Wiltshire. 

Hie manor of Uphaven, 26 IS 4 

The view of Netherhaven, 6 8 

The court of Monkton \ n ll 4 

Farley, / ,a park, and 

TTie manor of Oaksey, 45 10 8 < two foreign 
' woods. 

S A 



^d by Google 



Le manoir de Elmesete,) xxxviiiti. xiiii. l 

ove SomerBham, ' vid. ob. i '^ 

Le manoir de Ofton, zvti. xiis. ob. 



NOTYNGHAM. 

Le manoir de Aniale, viti. ud boys. 

Memorandum quod maneriuin de Bouthun cdid pcrtincDtiis in co- 
mitatu Oloiiccstrin, id proparte comitissn Staffordite Epecificatum, loco 
jatius msnerii de Arnsle cancellati eo quod idein mKnerium de Arnsle 
Blienatuiu fuit in feodo per dorainam Alianoram nuper duciasam Olou- 
cestris mAtrem cjusdem comitisen Staffbrdi», et per ipsam comitissam 
BJienatio ipsa eat confirmata, ut snperius btebatur, ptoparti dicti domini 
Regis per candem coinitissam assignatur, in prrasentia domini Cancel- 
larii Aoglite ac dominorum Concilii ipsius domini Regis ; quod quidem 
manerium de Southam iidem CancellariuB et doiniai virtute potestatis 
'eis auctoritate preaseDtis Parliamenti, prout in fine ciuusdam acti hie 
iiiferius inaerti et quod gic iucipit " Le R^ wet par auclorite du 
cate pment Farlemenl " continetur, in hac pane attribuUe et com- 
missst decreverunt eidem domino Rep et hnrcdIbuB Guis, loco dicti 
manerii de Amale, remanaanim sub forma qua idem manerium de 
Arnalc eibi peqirius assignabatur. 



_ ■ J TIT 1. ( LXTiiiti. vid. ob.l 

Le manoir de Wycombe, -J „. \ einq boy». 



Le manoir de Croodon, xxiiiiti. xs. 
Un tenement ore certeine I i- 
terres in Westcote, > 

Berk'. 
Le mmoir de Uplm-l ,„,„„ ,,, (deux boys, 

bourne, ) ^ deux groves. 

Le manoir de Speene, viiiti. xiiis. iiin1. un boys. 

Le manoir de Henton, xxvili. xiiis. niid. 



^d by Google 



Suffolk. 




£. 1 


d. 


The manor of Elmsct, 


} 


38 13 


H 




The manor of OSlon, 




1« 12 


oj 


NOTTINOHAM. 








The manor of Arnold, 




6 






a wood. Q 

Dc it remembered that the manor of Southani vith its appurtenances 
in the comitj of OlouccBtcr, specified in the purpart;' of the CounteM 
of Stafibrd, ii OBStgncd to the purparty of the said lord the King by the 
Raid Countess in the presence of the Lord Chancellor of England and of 
the Lords of the Council of the same lord the King, in lieu of that 
manor of Arnold cancelled because the same manor of Arnold was 
alienated in fee by the Lady Eleanor late Duchess of Gloucester, 
mother of the same Countess of Stafford, and the same alienation 
has been confirmed by the same Countess, as she confessed above ; 
which manor of Southam the same Chancellor and Lords, by virtue 
of the power given and committed to them on this behalf by au- 
thority of the present Parliament, as is contained in the conclusion of 
a certain act inserted here below, and which begins thus, " The King 
teiUt, bt/ the authority of tki* praent Parliammt" decreed to remain to 
the game lord the King and his heirs, in lieu of the said manor of 
Arnold, under the form by which the saroe manor of Arnold was before 



BUCKINQUAHSHIKE. 
The manor of Wycombe, 
The manor of Crendon, 
A tenement with certain y 
lands in Westcott, J 



£. t. d. 
68 6J 
24 10 



five woods. 



Berkshire. 

Tte manor of Upper , j- two woods, two 

Lamboum^ f M groVee. 

The manor of Speen, 8 18 4 a wood. 

The manor of Henton, 26 IS 4 



^d by Google 



178 

WlLTES'. 

Le manoir de Pole, xsiiiti. viiii. ixd. deux boys. 

Le m*Doir de Manyng-l i- ~ ^ 

, , r xxviiti.vins. ixa. 

ford, J 

Gales. 
Le chaatell et manoir de^ 

Caldecote, et NewtonJ xxviti-xiiis-iiiid. 
ove tea membrea, ^ 

SuRR*. 
I^ manoir de Walton, xxvttu ud boys. 

Gloocestr', 

Le manoir de Whiten- 1 »■ ~ . 

y xxin. viia. un boys, 

burst, I ^ 

DORBEI*. 

Les terres et tenements \ 
en Gwyssicb, 



h Viti. xtiis. mid. variat us, 



Hereford. 
La reversion del i 
de Yerkehull, le quell | y,ti. x,„s. „„a. 
William Rasyn tient f 

pur terme de vie, / «"' parkea, 

I une chace, 
La somme totale «cti. ixa. < vingt sis boys 

/ foreins, cinq 
V groves. 
Ove toutz maners fees et avouesons et autres chosee qe- 
conqes as ditz chastelles, manoirs, terres, tenements, et 
autres possesaiona, ou a aecun d'eus, en ascuD mAnere 
appurtenauntz appendantz ou regardantz. 



^d by Google 



Wiltshire. 
The manor of Pootei 
The manor of Manning- i 
ford, ; 

Wales. 
The castle and manor of \ 
Caldicot, and Newton, V 
with the members, ' 

SURRICY. 

The manor of Walton, 

Gloucester. 
The manor of Wheaten- i 
hurst, / 

Dorset. 
The lands and tenements . 
in Gusgage, f 

Hereford. 
The reversion of the 
manor of Yarkhill, 
which William Rasyn 
holds for the term of 
his life, 



26 13 4 



6 18 4 



a wood. 



21 7 a wood. 



13 4 variation 2 



The sum total, UOO 



/ ten parks, one 

L chace, twen> 

< ty-six foreign 

/ woods, five 

\ groves. 

With all manors, fees, and advowsons, and other things 

whatsoever in anywise appurtenant to, appendant on, or 

respecting the sud castles, manors, lands, tenements, aixl 

other possesuoQB, or any of them. 



^d by Google 



179 

Li puBPASTtK DKL Dams Ahitb la Countubb ob SrAproKD, 
pobsfbis lbs fbe8 et av0cks0n8 queux bomt kh okoos niekt 
afpubtenantz ou afpbhdaniz a lss possbssioks boutz 
escbiptz: 

Gales. 

Lee chflBtell et manoir de^ u ~ 

Brekenok, ».e lesf ""^"^'l '"• } »» &"«««■ 

membres, ^ 

LeB ch&Btell et manoir de i ^ 

Hay, OTe lea raembreB, J 
Lea chastell et manoir de ) f un park» 

Huntyngdon, J ''*''""• \ deux boys. 

La somme, cgclzxuK. vis. tiu^ 

Gloucestr*. 
Le manoir de Plaresfeld, -. 

o*e lea membres, } ^""^ "° P*'*^ 

La court de ITionur dcj 

Hereford tenuz a Glou- > x ». 

cestre» ' 

Le manoir de Newen- \ 

ham, ove lea appurte-^ xLs. 

nances, * 

Le manoir de Southam, xxti. deux boys. 

Hcmoranduin quod iatud nituicriuiti de Southam hie cancellatur eo 
quod maneriuiii de. Amalc in comitatu Nottnghamin in pToparte do- 
mini Ri^B EpecificatiuD, alienatum fuit in feodo per doiniDtin Alie- 
noram nupcr ducissam Qloucestrice rnatrcm ejuadem comitisss Staffordin, 
et per ipsam comitisBam alienatio ipsa est confirmata, ut superiua &tebatur, 
et loco dicti maneril de Arnale est pnedictmn manerium dc Southam 
proparti dicti domini Repe pei eandem comitisEam asaigtiatum in pne- 
sentia domini Cancellarii Anglim ac dominorum Concilii ipsius domiiii 
Regis et per ipsos virtute potestatia eis auctoritale preefeDtis Parliamenti, 
prout in fine cigtudam acti hie inferine ineerti et quod sic incipit " Le 
Roy voet par auclorite de cute prttenl Parkmtnt " continetui, in hao 



^d by Google 






Thb pubpabtt of Lady Arits CouKTsn op SiAproBD, bxckpt 

THE FSBB AND AdVOWMNB WHICH ARB IH OBOSS, NOT APPDR- 
TBNAirr OB APPBNDBNI TO THB F0S8B8S10NS UNSBBWailTBN: 

Waxes. 

The castle and manor of \ 

Brecknock, with the f ^^^ * ^ * fo™at. 

members. 
The castle and manor of ) 

Hay, with the 

hers, 
The castle and manor of i i a park, two 

Huntington. / «8 ( ^^^ 

The sum, 3T2 6 8 

Gloucester. 
The manor of Haresfield, i 

wiUithemeinber^ } » » » »P"t 
The court of the honor \ 

of Hereford held at > 10 

GIoDcester, f 

He manor of Newobam, \ 

with the appurtenances, J 
The manor of Southam, 20 two woods. ^ 

Be it remembered that this manor of Southsm ia here caneelled 
bccauK the manor of Arnold in the conntj of Nottingham, specified 
in the piuputy of the lord the King, was alienated in fee by Ladf 
Eleanor late Duehcsa of Oloaccetcr, mother of the same ComitcM of 

Stafford, and the alienation itself was confirmed by the tune Countess, 
BE ahe confessed above ; and the aforesaid manor of Southam has been 
o^Bigncd by the same Countess to the porpart; of the laid lord the King, 
in lieu of the said monoi of Arnold, in presence of the Lord Chancellor 
□f England and of the Lords of the Council of the same lord the King, 
and by them, by virtue of the power given and committed to them on this 
behalf by the authority of the present Parliament, as is contained in the 
conclusion of a certain act inserted here below, and which begins thus, 



^d by Google 



parte Utributee et comtiii«Bn dictum raancrium ie Bouthsm damino Regi 
et luaredibua suIb dccrctum fuit rcmauBurum, loco dicti minerii de 



Hereford. 
Le fee del countee 
Hereford, 



countee de Hereford, ' 



NOBTHI'. 

Le fee del coontee de 



XX ti. 



_ . 1 T^ . , ( xxilL xiius. ixa. I un park. 

X^ iDanoir de KaeBhal^ Ik f 



Kent. 

La moite de certeins te- 
nements en West Gren-f xxd. 
wych, 

La Homme, Lxiiti. xiiiis. id. 6b. 



deux boys. 



Essex. un forest, 

T ■ J T» ,.:. ( imiti- "lis. Tiid. I unpark, 

Le manoir de Hatfeld, < ^ ; uu po , 

I OB- I septfo- 

Le manoir de Halyng- j reins boys. 

. i xxviiti. xiiis.niid. un park. 

^ deux parkes, 
Le manoir de Wrytell, «SviiK. xixs. < un totem 

(. boys. 
Le manoir deChiggenhale xti. ins. ixd. un boys. 



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'* TV King teiUt, by the aatkorily ofthi* prtient Parliament," the said 
manor of Southam has been decreed to rciuain to the lord the King and 
his heirs in lieu of the said niunoT of Arnold. 

£. M. d. 

The sum, 42 10 



20 
17 8 



HsnEFOBD. 

The fee of the county of i 

Hereford, J 

The five hundreds in the \ 

county of Hereford, ) 

NORTBAMPTON. 

The fee of the county of 1 20 
Northampton, ' 

Nottingham. , . 

( a nark, two 
The manor of Kneeaal, 21 14 9i ] *^ ^ 



woods. 



Kent. 
The moiety of certun t«- \ 
nementsinWeatGreen- \ 18 
wich» ■' 

The sum. 62 14 U 

Essex. 



{a forest, a 
park, seven 
foreign 

The manor of Hailing- . 27 13 4 « park. 

The manor of Writtle, 87 19 i '^ P*"'''' ""* 

I foreign wood. 

The manor of Chignal, 10 3 9 a wood. 



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181 

Le maiuHr de Ramesdeii, xiiitti. ixi. un park. 

Le manoir de Est Lee, viH. xiiis. iitiil 

Le manoir de Wakerynf^ miViK- yul. vet. un boys. 

Le mareya de Polmerssb, xiiitL viS. vuid. 

Le manoir de Southor[s xxiiti. 

Le manoir de Hajdon, ci. 

Le mancnr de Fobbyng, xuiiH. xiiiil. t<J. ob. 

Le manoir de Norton, xxiuiti. 

LemareyBdeBermuerasb, xxti. 

La somme, ccccxLiiti.xi8. viid. 

HtlKTYNGDON. 

Lemanoirde Kymbalton, , cxxviti. ill. f «mchac^un 

ove lea membree, / xid.ob. J park, ud 



boys, 
aisboys. 



BUK. 

Le maocnr de AmondeB- i 
ham, 

, LxiiiK. Tills, xid. t tin park, 
LeiminoirdoSei.de, j „,^„ j ^^^^^ 

Le manoir de Stratton, xiti. xs. vid. ob. q". 
Le manoir de Wyleeford, xxxiiiti. 

La somme, ccmiiiK. xvs. xd. 

yrdeux fo- 
restee, dix 

"il'a.'ob. 1 P'''^«h<"«' 

I cfaace, dix- 
V huitboys. 
Ove toutz manere fees et avouesona et autres cboses que- 
conqes as ditz cbaBtells, manoirs, terres, tenements, 
et autres possessions, ou a ascun de eux, en ascun 
manere appurteoautz, appeudantz ou regardantz. 



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The manor of Raingden, 


14 


9 





a park. 


The manor of East Lee, 


6 


18 


4 




The manor of Wakeriog, 


8e 


7 


« 


a wood. 


Hie marsh of Pelmarsfa, 


13 


6 


8 




The manor of Southorp, 


28 










The manor of Haydon, 


5 










The manor of Fobbing, 


43 


14 


H 




The manor of Norton, 


24 










The mareh of Burmarab, 


SO 










The sum, 


442 


11 


7 




HuttTlHOOON. 










The manor of Kimbolton, 1 
with the members, ' 


126 


2 


lU 


f achace,apark, 
\ a wood. 


BUCKIHOHAHSHIRE. 










The manor Of Agmondea- ) 
ham, 1 


48 


13 


4 


six woods. 


Wiltshire. 










The manor of Seend, 


63 


8 


llj 


aparl[,awoad. 


The manor of Stiattoo, 


11 


10 


61 




The manor of Wilafon], 


S3 










The sum, 


282 


15 


10 

1 


1 two foreeta, 
k ten parliB, 


The sum total. 


1202 


18 


2J 


) one chace, 



eighteen 
I woods. 
With all manors, fees, and adrowsons, and other thioga 
whatsoever in any manner appurtenant to^ appendant (Hi, 
or respecting the said caatlee, manors, lands, tenements* 
and other posseesioDs, or any of them. 



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FAIT a remembrer que ToDUTable dame Dame Anne 
I- Counteese de Stafford, file a Alianore une dee files et 
heirs del bone metnorie Humfrey de Bohun jadia Count 
de Hereford, bailla au Roi nostre soveraiii Seigniour en 
ceBte Parlement une Buppltcation doot le tenure cy ensuit — 
A noBtre trea soveraiu aeigniour le Roi eupplie tres bum- 
blement Anne Countesse de Stafford, qe come vous, trea 
BoveraiQ seigniour, ore tarde suistea en vostre Chauncerie 
d'Engleterre envers la dite suppliante, par voetre brief de 
sore facia», pur reformer la purpartie fut en la Cbauncerie 
Seigniour Richard nadgairs Roi d'Eugleterr^ par entre 
la tree oobte dame Dame Marie vostre miere, que Dieu 
aaaoile, une dee files et heirs Humfrey de Bohun nadgura 
Count de Hereford, et Alianore miere de dite suppliante 
I'autre des files et heirs du dit nadgairs Count, des chastell 
et manoir de Plessitz, del mauoir de Haut Estre, del manoir 
de Waltham, del manoir de Wyhes, del viewe de franc- 
ple^e de Chisbull, del manoir de Sbenefeld, de la court 
de I'bonure de Haut Estre, del fee de countee d'Essex, del 
manoir de Famham, en le countee d'Eesex, — de la court 
de Hertford, del viewe de franc-plegge de Hoddesdon, en 
le counte de Hertford,— del manoir de Whitenhurst en le 
countee de Glouciestre, — del chastell de Huntyngdon ove 
ses membres, del chastell de Caldecote et Neweton ove aes 
membres, el Marche de Gales, — del manoir de Longebe- 
nyngtOD en le countee de Nicole,— del manoir de Knes- 
hale, de les deux parties del manoir de Amale, en )e 
countee de Kotyngbam, — del manoir de Hasele, del manoir 
de Kyrtlyngton, del manoir de Dadyngton, del manoir de 
Peryngton, en le countee d'Ozenford, — des deux partes 
del manoir de Wodespene en le countee de Berks, — del 
manoir de Fulmodeston en le countee de Norffolk, — del 
viewe de franc-plej^e de Sauston en le countee de Can- 



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189 

BE it remembered that the honorable lady, Lady Anne FarUdr 
Counteas of Staffonl, daughter of Eleanor, one of the g^^l^"^ 
daughters and co-heirs of Humphrey de Bohun, of good 
memory, late Earl of Hereford, delivered to the King 
our sovereign lord in this Parliament a petition, the HeriKiinon 
tenor whereof here followeth. — To our most sovereign ' "*' 
lord the King very humbly prayeth Anne Countess of 
Stafford, that whereas you, most sovereign lord, now lately 
did sue in your Chancery of England agunst the s^d pe- 
titioner, by your writ of xire facias, to refonn the partition 
made in the Chancery of Lord Richard late King of Eng- 
land, between the very noble lady, Lady Mary your mother, 
whom God pardon, one of the daughters and co-heirs of 
Humphrey de Bohun late Earl of Hereford, and Eleanor 
mother of the said petiUoner, the other of the daughters 
and co-heirs of the said late Earl, of the castle and manor 
of Pleshey, of the manor of High Easter, of the manor of 
Waltham, of the manor of Wickes, of the view of frank- 
pledge of Chieball, of the manor of Shenfield, of the court 
of the honor of High Easter, of the fee of the county of 
Essex, of the manor of Famham, in the county of Essex, — 
of the court of Hertford, of the view of frank-pledge of 
Hoddesdon, in the county of Hertford, — of the manor of 
Wheateoburst, in the county of Gloucester, — of the castle 
of Huntington with its members, of the castle of Caldicot 
and Newton with their members, in the Marches of Wales, 
—of the manor of Long Bennington, in the county of Lin- 
coln, — of the manor of Kneesal, of the two parts of the 
manor of Arnold, in the county of Nottingham, — of the 
manor of Hasetey, of the manor of Kirtlingten, of the 
manor of Deddington, of the manor of Pirton, in the 
county of Oxford, — of the two parts of the manor of Wood 
Speen, in the county of Berks, — of the manor of Fulmo- 



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188 

tabrige, — ove lour appurtenances, a la purpartie de dite 
Alianore assignee. £t del chastell de Brekenoc ore ses 
membres, del chastell de Hay ove ses metnbreH, en Galee, — 
del manoir de Henton en le countee de Berks, — del manoir 
de Uphaven, del veue de franc-plegge de NetherfaaTen, de 
la court dfl I'honure de Monkenfarle, en le countee de 
Wiltesire, — de la court de Tbonure de Hereforde tenus a 
Gloucestr^ del manoir de Haresfeld, del manoir de New. 
enbam, en le countee de Qloucestre,— del fee del countee 
de Hereford, de eynk hundredes en le countee de 
Hereford, ^eet assavoir Bodenbam, graunde Cowem, 
Kyngeston, Bui^buU, et Stratford, en le countee de Here- 
ford,^Klel moite de certeins tenements ove les appurte- 
nances en West Grenewich el countee de Kent, — del fee 
del countee de Northampton, en le countee de North- 
ampton, — des deux partes del manoir de Halyngbury en le 
countee d'Essex, — des deux partes del manoir de Ascote 
en le countee d'Oxenford, — d'un toft cent sessant et sept 
acres de terre arable et deux acres de pree ove les ap- 
purtenances en Westcote el counte de Bucks, — ove lour 
appurtenances, assignez a la purpartie de vostre dite 
tres noble miere, sicome il est de recorde en meame la 
Cbauncerie de dit nadgairs Roi; et proces sur le dit 
brief continue tanque juggement fuist rendue aur ycell : 
— c'est assavoir, que les ditz chastelles, ove les mem- 
bres, manoirs, courtes, fee de countee, veuwes de franc- 
plegges, deux partes des manoirs ove les appurtenances, 
a la dite purpartie de dite Alianore assignez, serroient 
resumes et reseisiez en voz mains. Et come vons, ires 
soverain seigniour, en vostre Parlement tenuz a West- 
monastre, 1'an de vostre regne eecunde, recitant, consent 
diverses honours, chastelles, hundredes, commotes, ma- 
noirs, terrea, tenements, reversions, annuitees, fees, avoue- 



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188 

deston, in the county of Norfolk, — of the view of frank- 
pledge of Sawaton, id the county of Cambridge, — with 
their appurtenances, assigned to the purparty of the sud 
Eleanor. And of the castle of Brecknock with its tnenw 
hers, of the castle of Hay with its members, in Wales, 
—of the manor of Henton, in the county of Berks, — of 
the manor of Uphaven, of the view of frank-pledge of 
Netherhaven, of the court of the honor of Monkton Far- 
ley, in the county of Wilts, — of the court of the honor 
of Hereford holden at Gloucester, of the manor of Hares- 
field, of the manor of Newnham, in the county of Glou- 
cester, — of the fee of the county of Hereford, of five 
hundreds in the county of Hereford, to wit, Bodenham, 
Great Ck>wame, Kingston, Burgbill, and Stretford, in the 
county of Hereford, — of the moie^ of certiun tenements 
with the appurtenances in West Greenwich, in the connty 
of Kent, — of the fee of the county of Northampton, in 
the county of Northampton, — of the two parte of the 
manor of Hallinghury, in the county of Essex, — of the 
two parts of the manor of Ascott, in the county of Ox- 
ford, — of one toft, one hundred and sixty-seven acres of 
arable land, and two acres of meadow, with the appur- 
tenances, in Weetcott, in Uie county of Bucks, — with 
^eir appurtenances, assigned to the purparty of your 
said very noble mother, as it is of record in the same 
Chancery of the said late King; and process upon the 
said writ continued until judgment was given upon the 
same : — to wit, that the said castles, with the members, 
manors, courts, fee of county, views of frank-pledges, two 
parts of the manors with the appurtenances, aeaigned to 
the said purparty of the said Eleanor, should be resumed 
and reseised into your bands. And whereas you, most 
sovereign Lord, in your Parliament holden at Westminster 



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sons, et diversea autres possessions et seigniouriea deina 
TOstre roialme d'Engleterre, et parties de Gales, et aillours 
deins vostre seigaiourie et power, queux furent de I'beri- 
tage de tres bone memorie I'avantdite Marie, une des files 
et heirs le dit Humfrey de Bohun nadgairs Count de 
Hereford Essex et Norhampton et Conestable d'Engle- 
terre, vostre tres cbiere miere adonqes mort, qi heir tous 
ftiistez, puts la mart Sire Henry nadgairs Roi d'Engle- 
terre, que Dieu assoile, vostre tres noble piere, qi lea 
tenoit a tenne de sa vie, par la leie d'Engleterre, a 
Tous, tres soverain seigniour, et a voz heirs, par droit 
hereditarie descendereot et deviendrent, de vostre certao 
science, et de I'auctorite de mesme le Parlement, mesmes 
les honours, chastellee, bundredes, commotes, manoirs, 
terres, tenements, reversions, annuitees, fees, avouesons, 
possessions, et seigniouries, de mesme vostre heritage des 
countees de Hereford Essex et Norhampton, ove touts 
lour droitures, libertees, franchises, et franc custumes 
queuxconqes de vostre Corone d'Engleterre par tenure 
de mesme le Parlement severastes, et ycellee a vostre 
duchee de Lancastre ajoinastes, annexastea, unistes, et 
encorporastes, a vous et a voz heirs, a mesme le duchee 
ensy adjointz, annexez, uniz, et encorporez, perpetuelment 
a demurrerz : et auxi come Jobanne de Bobun nadgairs 
Countesse de Hereford vostre bonurable aiele a IMeu 
commandee, a temps de sa murriant avoit et tenoit cer- 
teins chastelles, manoirs, terres, tenements, fees, avoue- 
sons, libertees, franchises, et autres possessions en £n- 
gleterre et Gales, c'est assavoir aacuns en dower del 
dowement de dit nadgfurs Counte de Hereford, et ascunes 
a terme de vie de dit« nadgairs Countesse par force de 
jointz estats ent faitz a mesmes les nadgairs Counte et 
Countesse, et ascunea par force de Testate &ut soulment 



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184 

in the second year of your reign, reciting how that divers ho- 
nors, castles, hundreds, commotes, manors, lands, tenements, 
reversions, annuities, fees, advowsons, and divers other pos- 
sessions and lordships within your realm of England and 
the parts of Wales, and elsewhere within your dominion 
and power, which were of the infaeiitance of the afore- 
said Mary, of very good memory, one of the daughters 
and co-heirs of the said Humphrey de Bohun late Earl 
of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton, and Constahle of 
England, your very dear mother, then deceased, whose 
heir you were, after the death of Lord Henry late King 
of England, whom Ood pardon, your very noble father, 
who held them for the term of his life by the law of Eng- 
land, descended and came to you* most sovereign Lord, 
and to your beirs, by hereditary right, did, of your certain, 
knowledge, and by the authority of the same Parliament* 
sever the same honors, castles, hundreds, commotes, 
manors^ lands, tenements, reversions, annuities, fees, ad- 
vowsons, possessions, and lordships, of the same your 
heritage of the earldoms of Hereford, Essex, and North- 
ampton, with all their rights, liberties, franchises, and 
iree customs whatsoever, from your crown of England 
by tenor of the same Parliament, and did adjoin, annex, 
unit^ and incorporate the same to your ducby of Lan- 
caster, to remain, so adjoined, annexed, united, and in- 
corporated to the same duchy, to you and to your heirs for 
ever: and whereas also Joan de Bobun, late Countess of 
Hereford, your honorable grandmother departed to God, 
bad and held at the time of her death certain castles, 
manors, lands, tenements, fees, advowsons, liberties, fran- 
chisea, and other possessions in England and Wales, 
to wit^ some in dower by the endowment of the said 
late Earl of Hereford, and some for the term of life 
2 B 



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}9S 

a dite nadgain CouDtesse a tenne de as vie, aprea la 
mort de dit oadgairs Counte, par certeins pereones en 
ycellea par luy enfeoSez ; come aiixi le dit nadgura 
CouDte enfe^ certeins perBonee en diveraea manoin, 
terrea, et tenetnenta, pur lee vendre et paier aea dettea, 
et lea dettea de William de Bohun nadgiurB Counte de 
Norhainptoii, lea queux feoffee, aprea lea ditz dettea 
pleinemest paiez, de parcell de meamea lea manoirs 
adonqea remuguauntc en lour muns enfeofferent autres 
personea a Toepa et profit de dite nadgaira Counteaae; 
^-dea queux chaetellea, manoira, terrea, tenemeDte, feea, 
avouesona, liberteea, fraunchiaea, et posaeaeioDa aacunee 
aprea la mort de roatre dite aiele aont desceHduz a 
TouB, tree aoverun aeigniour, et a dite aupptiante, c'eat 
aasavoir a toub come a fitz la dite Marie, et a dite sup- 
pliant ccune a file la dite Alianore, et coajrna et faeirs 
de dit nadgaire Counte, par force de certeina dounee 
en la taille ent &itz a lea aunceatres des ditz Marie 
et Alianore, et aecunea sunt descenduz a vous, trea so* 
Terain seigniour, et a la dite suppliante, en fee simple) 
come aa coayns et beira de dit nadgure Counte de aank 
en la founne smaditet et aacunea sont escbetez a Toue^ 
tree soverun seigniour, et a dite suppliante, par force 
dea certeina grantee et reaerrationa, de rereraiona et de 
remeindres ent Mtz as droits beira de dit nadgairs 
Counte, et aacunea sont deaoenduz a dite suppliante 
aoule, come a file et heir de dite Alianore, par force 
d'eatate ent fait a dite nadgain CouDtease, pur tenne 
de sa vie, la remeindre outre aa ditz Marie et Alianore 
et a lour heira a toutz joura, a cause que la dite Alianore 
surresquit voatre dite trea noble miere (de quell accreetre 
de droit par le sourvjvir il n'eat paa I'entent de dite aup- 
pliante de prendre avantage en leie). £t come aprea une 



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165 

of tbe said late Countess by force of joiot estates made 
thereof to tbe same late Earl and Countess, and some 
by force of tbe estate made solely to the said late Countess 
for the term of her life, after the death of the said late 
Earl, by certain persons enfeoffed by him in the same : 
whereas also tbe said late Earl enfaofled certain perBcns 
io divers manors, lands, and tenements, to sell them and 
to pay his debts, and the debts of William de Bohun, late 
Earl of Northampton, whidi feofiees, after the said debts 
fully paid, enfeoffed with the parcel of the same manors 
then remaining in their bands other persons to the behoof 
and profit of the said late Countess ; — of which castles, 
Manors, lands, tenements, fees, advowsons, liberties, fran- 
chises, and possessions, som^ after the death of your said 
grandmother, bare descended to you, most sovereign Lord, 
and to tbe said petitioner, to wit^ to you as son of tbe said 
Mary, and to tbe said petitioner as daughter of the said 
Eleanor, and cousins and heirs of the said Earl, by force of 
certain gifts in tail thereof made to tbe ancestors of the 
said Mary and Eleanor, and some have descended to you, 
most sovereign Lord, and to the said petitioner, in fee 
simple, as to tbe cousins and heirs of the smd late Ear) 
of tbe blood in the form ^xnesaid, and some have fallen 
to you, most sovereign Ixird, and to the said petitioner, 
by fmve of certain grants and reservations, of reversionB 
and remainders made thereof to the right heirs of the 
said late Earl, and some have descended to the said pe- 
titioner alone^ as daughter and heir of the said Eleanor, 
by force of the estate thereof made to the said lata 
Countess for term td her life, remainder over to tbe 
said Mary and Eleanor, and to their heirs for ever, by 
reason that the said Eleanor survived your said very 
DoUe mother (of whidb accrual of right by surriTor- 



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purpartie ore Boit fait de novell, de vostre tres graciouB 
aBsent, et agrcment de dite suppliante, pareDtre voua, 
tres BOTeraiD seigniour, et la dite suppliante, si bien de 
toutz les ditz cbaBtellea, ove lee membreB, manoirs, veuwes 
de fcaoc-plegges, courtes, fees des countees, hundredes, 
toft, terre, pree, moitee dea tenemeDte, deux partea dea 
manoirs especifieB en I'ambedeux parties de dite auncien 
purpartie, come de toulz les ditz chastelles, manoira, 
terres, tenements, fees, avouesona, liberteea, franchises, 
et autres possessions en Engleterre et Gale^ queux vostre 
dite «ele avoit et tenoit a temps de sa mouriant, et dea 
ditz manoira, terres, tenements, ea queux certeine per- 
Bones furent enfefiez a I'oeps de vostre dite aiele pur 
tenne de sa vie, et a I'oepa dea droitz b^s de dit nad- 
gaira Couate de Hereford apres la mort vostre dite uele, 
fbrapris des feea et avouesona queux Bont en grooa a par 
luy et nient appurtenantz ou appendants a ascunes des 
possessions ou cbosea suisdites, sicome en une bill ent 
&ite et a yceate petition annexee est coutenuz pluis au 
plein. Plese a vostre Hautesse de considerer les pre- 
misses, et Bur ceo ordeioer et establier par auctorite de 
ceste present Parlement, que si bien toutz les enherite- 
meuts come titles et droitures de toutz lee chastelles, 
honures, seigDiouries, commotes, bundredea, viewes de 
franc-plegges, courtes, manoirs, terres, tenements, rentes, 
services, cuetumes, fees dea countees, fees des cbiv&lera, 
avouesons, annuiteea, franchises, libertees, reversions, et 
autrea poaseasions et choses queuxconqes avantditz, ore 
lour appurtenances, a vous, tres soverain seigniour, et 
a dite suppliante, en aacun maiiere deacenduz, ou par 
ascun title escheiez ou devenuz, et de toutz autrea en 
temps a venir a descendrerz, escheierz, ou aveinerz, parmy 
le dit nadgairs Counte de Hereford, ou parmy les ditz 



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ship it is not tbe iDtention of the said peUtioner to 
take advvitage in Uw). And whereas, afterwards, a 
partition is now made anew, by your very gradous as- 
sent and tbe a^^eement of tbe said petitioner, between 
you, most sovereign Lord, and tbe said petitioner, as 
well of all the said castles, with the members, manors, 
views of frank-pledge, courts, fees of counties, hundreds, 
toft, land, meadow, moiety of tenements, two parts of 
manors specified in both parts of the said ancient par- 
tition, as of all tbe said castles, manors, lands, tenements, 
fees, advowsons, liberties, franchises, and other posses- 
sione in England and Wales, which your said grand> 
mother had and held at the time of her death, and of 
the said manors, lands, tenements, in which certain per- 
sons were enfeoffed to tbe behoof of your said grand- 
mother for the term of ber life, and to tbe behoof of 
the right heirs of the said Ut« Earl of Hereford after the 
death of your said grandmother, except the fees and ad- 
vowsons which are in gross by themselves, and not ap- 
purtenant or appendent on any of the possessions or 
things abovesaid, as is more fully contuned in a bill rnja-niu 
thereof made and annexed to this petition. May it please JJ^''J^S'" 
your Highness to consider tbe premises, and thereupon to ^*^'^ 
ordain and establish by tbe authority of this present Far- orii»<i(B™ 
liament^ that as well all the inheritances, as the titles and xiB™diha 
rights of ail the castles, honors, lordships, commotes, hun- bi^«ii, mu 
dreds, views of frank -pledge, courts, manors, lands, ten»- "''V?^° '^ 
ments, rents, services, customs, fees of counties, knights' «i^",!^^.. 
fees, advowsons, annuities, franchises, liberties, Tevenione, E^'dM?* 
and other possessions, and things whatsoever aforesaid, •uniiiii« th* 
with their appurtenances, in any manner to you, most «t t)!* King-a 
sovereign Lord, and to the said petitioner descended, ^^^H^ 
or by any title escheated or come, and of all others is iVf^!"? 



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187 
Marie et Alianote, sotent et estoisent desore en a^an^ 
en meenie la nature et effect a la commiuie leie sicome 
ils feurent al temps del moriant du dit nadgaire Count, 
et al temps del moriant dee dites Marie et Alianore. Et 
auxi que la dite parUtiou ore faite de novell soit et estmse 
e^ctuele en leie en tempe a venir, parentre toub et toz 
heirs, et la dite suppliante et ees heir^ a demurer Belonc 
I'auDcien cours et nature de mesmes lea enheritementz, 
titles, et droitures ; lee dites annexion, union, incorporation, 
en Tostre dit Parlement tennz le dit an secunde, ou ascun 
autre ordinance ou act flut en meame le Parlement ou 
aillouTB, ou la dite auncien purpartle, ou ascuae autre 
lo Heel chose, nient obstantz. Pur Dieu et en oevere de charite. 
La quele supplication lieu en meeme le Parlement et 
bien entendu^ fuist respondue par le Roi, de Tassent des 
Seignionrs Espirituelx et Temporelx, et auxi de lea Com- 
munes d'Engleterre en ceo presente Parlement assembles, 
en manere q'enauit — LE Roy voet, par auctorite de ceete 
presente Parlement, qe les acta et ordinances fiutz en son 
Parlement tenuz a Westmonaatre, le Lundy prosdiein 
apres les oeptaves de Seint Martyn, Tan de son r^ne 
seconde, de I'adjnnc^on, annexion, union, et encorpora- 
tioD, et la reule et governance de lea honours, diastelles, 
bundredes, commotes, manoirs, terres, tenements, rerer- 
«0D8, annuitees, fees, avouesona, possesnone, et sag- 
niouries, de bod heritage des counteea de Hereford Essex 
et Norhamphm, ove ses droituies, libertees, franchises, et 
franks cuBtumes queuxoonqes, queux feurent de I'heritage 
de Dame Marie, une des fiUes et heirs Humfrey de Bohun 
jadis Counte de Herefoid E^ssex et Norluunptan et Con- 
stable d'Eogleterr^ miere a nostre seigniour le Roy q*or 
est, qi heir il est, queux apres la mort le Roi Henry 
piere nostre seigniour le Roi q'or est, qi yceux temut 



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187 

after time to descend, eBcheat, or come, tfarougb the said 
late Earl of Hereford, or through the said Mary and 
Eleanor, may be sod be deemed irom henceforth of the 
same nature and effect at common law, as they were at 
the time of the death of the said late Earl, and at the time 
of the death of the said Mary and Eleanor. And also that 
the said partition now made anew may be and be deemed 
effectual in law in time to come, between you and your 
heirs, and the said petitioner and her heirs, to remain 
according to the ancient course and nature of the same 
inheritances, titles, and rights; the said annexation, union, 
incorporation, in your said Parliament holden in the said JI^'HIu" 
second year, or any other ordinance or act made in the ^i^^^fi^ 
same Parliament or elsewhere, or the said annent partition, inrdUuKim 
or any other thing, notwithstanding. For God and as a uaBnmr' 
work of charity. SIST 

Which petition having been read in the same Parliament |™^^.d « 
and well understood, was, by the assent of the Lords Spi- ^^^ " 
ritual and Temporal, and also of the Commons of England 
assembled in this present Parliament, answered by the King 
in manner as follows. — THE King wills, by the authority ncKinf-a 
of this present Parliament, that the acts and ordinances tkit^MU 
made in his Parliament holden at Westminster, on Monday E^^!!^'^ 
next after the octaves of Saint Martin in the second year of [[^""S?' 
his rngn, for the adjoining, annexation, union, and incorpo- u^mhi 
ration, and the rule and governing of the honors, castles, h^iu(a<rf 
huodredi, commotes, manors, lands, tenements, reversions^ -*"". 
annuities, fees, advowsoni^ possessions, and lordships, of 
his heritage of the earldoms of Hereford, Essex, and 
Northampton, with their rights, Uberties, franchises, and 
free customs whatsoever, which were of the inheritance 
of Lady Mary, one of the dauf^ters and co-beirs of Hum- 
phrey do Bobun, late Earl of Hereford, Essex, and North- 



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pur tenne de sa vie par la leie d'Engleterret a nostra 
Betgniour le Roi et a Bes heirB par droit enheritance 
descenderent et escheierent, deins le roialme d'Eogle- 
terre, et ee parties de Gales, et aillours deine ees seig- 
aiourieB et power, et de toutz autres honours, chaatelles, 
bundredes, commotes, manoirs, teires, tenements, rever- 
eiong, annuitees, fees, avouesoas, et d'autree possession^ 
et seigaiouries queuxconqee, ou q'ils aoient deine les 
seigniouries et power suiaditz, a dite heritage appurte- 
nantz, a nostre seigoiour le Roi, et a see heirs, a bod 
duchee de Lancaatre adjointz, annesez, uniez, et eu- 
corporez, a toutz jours a remtundrerz, soient par auc- 
torite de ceste present Farlement adoiillez et defaitz, 
qant a meames les honours, chastelx, hundredes, com- 
motes, mauoin, terres, tenements, reverstons, aonuiteea, 
fees, avouesons, possessions, et seigniouries, et ycellea 
de mesme le duchee disannexez et severez. Et que a 
bien tout ceo que nostra dit seigniour le Roi ad eeluz 
pur sa parte en yceste Farlement, forepris le dit manoir 
de Amale, come ceo que a luy serra par la dite Coun- 
tesse de Stafford assignee en recompense pur mesme le 
manoir de Amale, soit et serra severee de la corone 
d'Engleterre, et a TaTauntdit duchee de Lancaatre adjoinct^ 
annezee, unie^ et incorpore^ a nostre seigniour le Roi, 
et a ses heirs, a mesme le duchee issiut adjoinct, annectee, 
umee et incorporee, a toutz jours a remaindrer et demurer, 
auzi entierment, frank, cleer, et deschargee sicome les 
chastelx, manoirs, terres, tenements, courtes, fees, avoue* 
eons, vieues, reversions, et autres choses et possessions 
contenuz en mesme la purpartie nostre dit seigniour le 
Roi, ovesque ceo que pur le dit manoir de Amale sena 
issint assignee, feurent al temps del moriant de dit Hum. 
frey de Bohun, et en meames les maner^ fourme, reule. 



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ampton, and Comtable of England, mother of our lord the 
King who now is, whose heir he is, which after the death 
of King Heniy father of our lord the King who now is, 
who held tbem for the term of his life by the law of Eng- 
land, descended and fell to our lord the King and to his 
heirs by right inheritance, in the realm of England, and in 
the parts of Wales, and elsewhere within his dominion and 
power, and of all other honors, castles, hundreds, com- 
motes, manors, lands, tenements, reversions, annuities, 
fees, advowBonS] and other possessions and lordships what> 
soever, or wheresoever they may be, within the dominion and 
power abovesaid, to the said heritage appurtenant, to re- 
main for ever to our lord the King and hie heirs, adjoined, 
annexed, united, and incorporated with his duchy of Lan- 
caster, be by the authority of Uiis present Parliament an- 
nulled and repealed as to the same honors, castles, hun- 
dreds, commotes, manors, lands, tenements, reversions, an- 
nuities, fees, advowsons, possessions, and lordehipe, and 
that they be disannexed and severed from the said duchy. 
And that as well all that our sud lord the King has utiiiuitha 
chosen for his share in this Parliament, except the said »1^^*° 
manor of Arnold, as that which shall be assigned to him kTdOs ». 
by the said Countess of Stafford in compensation for the '^^H^^ 
said manor of Arnold, be and shall be severed from the ^{^""^ 
crown of England, and adjoined, annexed, united, and a""r 
incorporated with the aforesaid duchy of Lancaster, 
remun and endure, thus adjoined, annexed, united, and tbtiuxat 
incorporated with the same duchy, to our lord the King 
and to his heirs for ever, as entirely free, clear, and dis- 
charged as the castles, manors, lands, tenements, courts, 
fees, advowsons, views, reversions, and other things and 
possessions contained in the same purparty of our sud 
lord the King, with that which shall be so assigned for 



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iideby 



189 

gOTernance» et ove tielx officers, fraunchUeei libertees, 
drtutures, et franks custumes, en toutz cboees et par 
bnitz choees, ucome le« ditz hoDours, chastelx, hun- 
dredeB, commotes, muKHn, terrei^ tenemeiits, reTersionS) 
aimmtees, fees, aToueflona, et autree poeseBsions et eeig- 
niouries siiiBditz, queux le dit nadgairs Roi Heory tenoit 
a terme de w vie, et ^ires sa mort descenderent s nostre 
dit seigDiour le Roi, come dit est, par force du dit act fait 
en le dit Pariement teouz a W^tmonastre le dit an second, 
feurent et estre devoieot; aBCunes alieuatioos, feffementz, 
dimises, recovereres, disGoatiDuaiice8, grantes ou charges 
en cell partie, apres la mort de dit Humirej faits, dod 
obstantz. £t que la purpartie nostre dit seigniour le 
Roi de les fees et avoaesona en grooa de Itieritage du 
dit nadgurs Count que ne soot unqore departiez, ^irefl 
la purpartie ent aSwre &it, soit come avaiint est dit, de 
la dite corone d'Engleterre sereree^ et al dit ducbee de 
LaDcaatre adjoinct, annexee, uniee^ et incorporee, a nostre 
seigniour le Roi, et a ses heirs, a mesme le dochee iseint ad- 
joinct, onnezee, uniee, et incorpoiee, a toutz jours a remain. 
drer et demurer, en mesmes lea manere, fiiunne^ reule, et 
goTemance en toutz choses et par toutz choses, et ore tielx 
officers, franchises, libertees, droitures, et franks custumes^ 
sicome dit est de tout ceo que nostre dit seigniour le Roi ad 
issint esluz en ceste preamt Pariement pur aa parte, bors- 
pris le dit manoir de Amale, et auxi de ceo que a luy par 
la dite Countesse de Stafibrd serra assignee en recompense 
pur mesme le manoir de Amaie ; ascunes alienations, 
feffements, dimises, discontJnuADcefl, grauntes ou cbarges 
en cell partie, apres la mort du dit Humfrey de Bohna 
foitz, nient ohstantz. Purveu toutz foitz que ceus qi 
serront on deroient estre de droit enheritablez par force 
d'aacun taill, par quell ie dit Humfrey futst enberitee 
ou enheritable, des ditz chastels, manoirs, terres, lene- 



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189 

the Bud Dunor of Aniold, were at the time of tfae death 
of the said Humphrey de Bohuo, and in the same maooer, 
form, rule, governance, and with such officers, franchises, 
liberties, rights, and free customs, in all things, and 
through all things, as the said honors, castles, hundreds, 
commotes, manors, lands, tenements, reversions, annuities, 
fees, sdvowsons, and other pOBseasions and lorddiips ahove- 
said, whidi the said late King Henry held for the term of 
his life, and after his death descended to our said lord the 
King, as has been sud, were and ought to be by force 
of the said act made in the said Parliament holden at 
Westminster in the said second year; any alienations, feoff- 
ments, demises^ recoveries, discontinuances, grants, or 
charges in that part made nnoe the death of the said 
Humphrey, notwithstanding. And that the purparty of udaowitb 
our said lord the King of the fees and advowsons in fk-ud"^-* 
gross of the heritage of the said lata Earl which have ^^j^ ^ 
not yet been divided, after partition thereof to be made 
shall have been made, be^ as is aAiresud, severed from 
the said crown of England, and adjmned, annexed, united, 
and incorporated with the said dudiy of Lancaster, to re> 
mun and endure, thus adjoined, annexed, united, and in- 
corporated with the same duchy, to our lord the King 
and to his heii* for ever, in the same manner, form, 
rule, and governance in all things and through all things, 
and with such officers, franchises, Ubo^es, rights, and 
free customs, as has been said, of all that which our 
oaid lord the King has so ehoaan for bis share in this 
present Parliament, except the said manor of Arnold, 
and also of that wluch shall be aasigned to him by the 
said Countess of Stafford in compensation for the same 
manor of Arnold ; any alienations, feirfbients, demises, 
discontinuances, grants, or cbaiges in that part made since 
the death of the said Humphrey de Bohnn, notwitb- 



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190 

menta, courts, fees, viewes, avouesons, reversions, et autres 
posBeeeione contenuz en la purpartde quell noatre seigniour 
le Roi ad esluz pur aa parte en ceste Parlement, ou en 
ascun parcell d'icelles, forapris de le dit manoir de Arnale, 
ou de ceo que par la dito Counteaae de Stafford aerra as- 
»gnee au Roi en recompense pur mesme le manoir de 
Amale, ou de ceo q^en la purpartie dee ditz feea et 
avouesona en grooe a fure de part noatre aeigniour le 
Roi a ealire, ne soient forclosez a demander, recoTerer, 
et avoir mesmea lea chaatelx, manoirs, terrea, tenements, 
courtee, fees, veuwea, avouesons, reveraiona, et autres po»> 
aeaaiona suisditz, apres lea ditz taiUes en noatre dit aeig- 
niour le Roi et aes tieira de aon corps engendrez, et en 
lea heira de corpa du dite Marie engendrez, tenninez 
et exteintz, que Dieu defende, par ceste adjunction, an- 
nection, union, et incorporation; et que si bien tout 
ceo que le Roi iaaiut ealist pur sa parte en ceat preaent 
Parlement, horspris le dit manoir de Amale, ovesque 
ceo q'il avera par aaaignement de la dite Couatesse de 
Stafford en recompense pur mesme le manoir de Ar- 
nale, come la dite purpartie quell le Roi linquist a 
mesme la Counteaae de Stafibrd en ceo mesme Farlemen^ 
pur aa parte, et auxi la purpartie affaire de lee ditz fees 
et avouesona en groos parentre nostre aeigniour le Roi, 
et mesme la Counteaae de Stafford, qant ele soit fai^ 
estoisent en lour force et vertue, parentre eux et lour 
heirs a toutz jours, en manere et forme come dessuis 
est declaree; savant toutdis I'enheritance, si bien de 
parte nostre seigniour le Roi et de sea heirs, come de 
parte du dite Counteaae de Stafford et de sea heirs, eu 
manere come avant eat dit et purveu. £t auxi que la 
purpartie quell la dite Countesse ad pur aa parte, come 
appiert de recorde en ceste present Parlement, soit auxi 
entierment franke, cleer, et deschargee aicome les chas- 



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standing. Provided always that those who shall be or s»hi|thB 
ought to he of right inheritable, by force of any tail cuimuta 
through which the said Humphrey had inherited or was !^'*,'^,r 
inheritable of the said castles, manors, lands, tenements, ^^^,?' 
courts, fees, views, adrowBons, reTeruona, and other po»- mIIi^''' 
sessions contained in the purparty which our lord the 
King has chosen for his share in this Parliament, or in 
any parcel of them, except of the said manor of Arnold, 
or of that which shall be assigned to the King by the 
said Countess of Stafibrd in compensation for the said 
manor of Arnold, or of that to be chosen on the part 
of our said lord the King in the partition to he made 
of the said flees and advowsons in gross, be not fore- 
closed by this adjoining, annexation, union, and incor* 
poration, from demanding, recovering, and having the 
same castles, manors, lands, tenements, courts, fees, vievra, 
advowsons, reversions, and other possessions abovesaid, 
after the said tails in our said lord the King, and his 
heirs of bis body begotten, and in the heirs begotten 
of the body of the sud Mary, have become detennined 
and extinct, which God forbid. And that as well all that Thapuntkn 
which tlie King so chose for his share in this present Par- ^?***M^ 
liament, except the said manor of Arnold, with that which ^JC^^ 
he will have by aamgnmeat of the sud Countess of Stafford ^*i^ bT" 
in compensation for the same manor of Arnold, as the »ind'i^ 
sud purparty which the King left to the same Countess 
of Staflbrd for her share in this same Parliament, and also 
the partition to be made of the said fees and advowsons in 
gross between our lord the King and the same Countess of 
Stafford, when it shall have been made, shall endure in their 
force and virtue, between them and their heirs for ever, 
in manner and form as is above declared; saving always 
the inheritance, as well on the part of our lord the King 
and bis heirs, as on the part of the sud Countess of Stat- 



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101 

telx, manoirs, courteS) fee8, avouraoiu, hundredes, et 
uitres choBes et poBseBnom contennz en sa dite purpar- 
tie* fieureDt au temps du monant de dit Humfrey de 
Bohun; ascuaes aliraiatiotis, feffements, dimises, recove. 
reree, discontinuances, grantes ou cbarges en cell parti«, 
«pres la mort de dit Humfrey de Bohun futz, nient ob- 
stantz. Et outre ceo noetre dit seigniour le Rot voet 
par I'auctorite snisdite, que le Chanceller d'Engleterre 
et les SeigniouTB du Counanll meeme nostre seigniour le 
Roi pur le temps esteantz, appellez a eux tielx justices 
de Roi come lour semblers a faire, uent plein poiur 
par auctorite du ceste Parlement, par entre <7 et le 
fyn del seconds an ore proscbein enmumt, de amender 
et lefbunner les suisdites purpartira, annection, et disan* 
nection, et toutz autres choses contennz en ycelles bo- 
soignables, selonc lour advis et discretions; savant tout 
ditz la substance» I'entent^ et I'effect de meames les 
purpartie, annection, et disannection, et d'autres dioses 
suiaditz. Et le Roi disoit auzi en mesme ceo Parle- 
ment, que si la dite CountesBe de Staffind Torroit «itrer 
en les honours, cbastelx, hundredes, commotes, manoirs» 
terres, tenements, et autres choses et possessious, en sa 
purpartie de uovell faite especifiez, sanz suer ent sa livere 
en la Chauncellerie, et de cell entre avoir pardon du Roi, 
ou q'ele vorroit avoir licence du Roi d'entrer en icelles, que 
ceo serroit a sa election, et grauuta outre q'ele averoit tiele 
licence ou pardon a sa voluntee desoutz le graund seale du 
Roi a faire en due fourme, par advis de son ConseiL 



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ford and her heirs, in manner as is before said and provided. 
And also that the purpart^ which the sud Countess has for TbcpmriutT 
her share, as appears of record in this present Parliament, tE^SSuuH 
be aa entirely free, clear, and discharged, as the castles, ^Ji^J^ 
manors, courts^ fees, advowsons, hundreds, and other ^JIiJ^l^f^ 
things and poBseswons contained in her said purparty *** '°'™'' 
were at the time of the death of the said Humphrey de 
Bohim ; any alienations, feoStnents, demises, recoTeries, 
diBcontinuances, grants or charges in that part made since 
the death of Uie said Humphrey de Bohun, notwithstand- 
ing. And, moreover, our said lord the King wills, by ThtchU' 
the authority abovesud, that the Chancellor of England Larniotika 
and the Lords of the Council of our swd lord the King !^^^ 
for the time being, having called to them such justices *J^'" 
of the King as shall seem to them requisite, may have 
full power by the authority of this Parliament, between 
this and the eod of the second year now next ensuing, 
to amend and reform the abovesaid partition, annexa- 
tion, and disannexing, and all other necessary things con- 
tained in the same, according to tlieir advice and discre- 
tion; saving always the substance, intent, and effect of 
the same partition, annexation, and disannexing, and other 
things abovesHd. And the King also said in this same rhcCoDnUM 
Parliament, that if the said Countess of Stafford should chot» or 
wish to enter upon me honors, castles, hundreds, com- ^^^ 
motes, manors, lands, tenements, and other things and £^^^ 
possessions specified in her purparty anew made, with- "'^si^; 
out suing livery thereof in the Chancery, and to have «tar? 
the King's pardon for this entry, or that she should 
wish to have the King's licence for entering upon the 
same, that it should be at her choice ; and granted be- 
sides that she should have such licence or pardon at 
her will, to be made in due form under tite King's great 
seal, by advice of his Coundl. 



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Rotulus Pailiameiiti tenti spud Westmonuterium die Luiue proximo 
uile f«Gturo Bancti Mutini, mido regoi Begis Hciuici Seiti post Con- 
questum primo. 

Pub la partition affaire parenthe le Roy et Dahe 
Anne Contesse db Stafford des fees et advoesons 

EN GBOSSE DE L'eNBERITANCE DE LE COUNTEE DE 

Hereford Essex et Norhamfton. 

gjTEM fait asaavoir q'une supplicatdon fiiist bullez 
S en ceste Parlement par les Communes esteantz 
H en le mesme, pur Dame Anne Countesse de 
^ Stafford file et heir a Alianore une dee files et 
heirs Humfrey de Bohun nadgairs Count de Hereford 
Essex et Norhampton et Constable d'Engleterr^ dont le 
tenure cj eneuit — A nostre tres soverun seigniour le 
Rot et Seigniours Espirituelx et Temporelx de ceste 
present Parlement supplie Anne Countesse de Sta^rd, 
file et heir a Alianore une des files et heirs Humfrejr 
de BohuD nadgairs Couut de Hereford Essex et Nor- 
bampton et Constable d'Engleterre, qe come al Parle- 
ment tenuz a Westmonastre, le second jour de May, 
Van du regne le Roi Henry nadgairs Roi d'Engleterre 
pier nostre seigniour le Roi q'ore est neofisme pur- 
partie estoit bite par enb« le dit nadgairs Roi fitz et 
heir a Marie I'autre des files et heirs de dit nadgairs 
Count, et la dite suppliante, de toutz cfaastelx msnoirs 
ove lour appurtenances et membres, et auzi dee hun- 
dredes terres tenemente mareis fees des countees courts 
viewes foreetes parks boie et revereione ove les appur- 



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Roll of the PirliBinent holden at WcmninBtcr on Monday next beTorc 
the feast uf Saint Martin, in the first year of the reign of King Henry the 
Sixth after the Conqucnt. 

FOK THE PARTITION TO BE HADE BETWEEN THE KiNO 

AND Lady Anne Countess of Stafford of the fees 
and adt0w80ns in orosa of the heritage of the 
Earldom of Hereford, Essex, and Nortuahptok. 

^TEM, be it known tbat a petition was de- ,thNav. 
livered in this Parliament by the CommoDB i.D*i4». 
present in the same, for Lady Anne Countess 
of Stafford, daughter and heir of Eleanor one 
of the daughters and co-heirs of Humphrey de Bofaun, late 
Earl of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton, and Constable 
of England, the tenor of which here follows. — Anne pmmib 
Countess of Stafford, daughter and heir of Eleanor, one countwof 
of the daughters and co-heirs of Humphrey de Bohun, late ^'""^ ^ 
Earl of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton, and Constable '^™^, ^" 
of England, beseecheth our most sovereign lord the King, E^^liL^'^ 
and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of this present Par- ^^^^ 
liament, that whereas iu the Parliament holden at West- mifbcd*- 
minster on the second day of May in the ninth year of Jj^^' 
the reign of King Henry, late King of England, father of uSkk 
our lord the King who now is, partition was made between ^ b*'"'' 
the said late King, son and heir of Mary one other of the gml, « 
daughters and co-heirs of the said late Earl, and the said smm 
petitioner, of all castles, manors, with their appurtenances 
and members, and also of the hundreds, lands, tenements, 
marshes, fees of counties, courts, views, forests, parks. 



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tenauocee en Engleteire et en Gales, ensemblement ove 
fees deB chivalera et avoeaons des esglises abbeiees pri- 
orieee vicariees hoepitalx cbapels et autres benefices de 
Seint Eeglise, et de touts autrea choses queuxconqes 
88 ditz chastelx manoirs terres tenements et autres po8- 
seseionB, ou a ascun de eux, en ascun manere appurte- 
nantz sppendantz ou regardantz ; dea queux le dit nad- 
gairs Count, aiel du dit nadgairs Roi et du dite suppliante, 
fuist seiu Bi bien en demesne come en reTersIon a temps de 
sa moriant (forapria les fees des chivalers et aToesoDs des 
esglises abbeiees prioriees vicariees bospitalx chapelx et 
autres benefices de Seinte Esglise de dite heritage adonqes 
esteantz en groos), sicome en deux roUes de mesme la pur- 
parde enactiez de record en le dit Parlement est contenuz 
pluis au plain : et lee queux fees et aroesons eosi esteantz 
en groQB, apres la dite purpartie, demnrrerent en les mains 
du dit nadgairs Roi tout sa vie et unqore demurront en lea 
mains nostre seigniour le Roi q'or est, a cause que null 
purpartie ent fuist faite en la vie de mesme le nadgura 
Roi ; et auxi toutz les chartres muniments et evidences 
touchantz ambedeux parties del purpartie avauntdite sent 
en la garde de Johan Leventborp, q'est del Counsel del 
Ducbee de Lancastre, quell Joban rien voet deliverer des 
ditz evidences a dite suppliante sanz commandement del 
tree bonurable Counaeil nostre seigniour le Roi. Et auxi, 
combien aur mesme la purpartie, lee chastell et mauoir de 
Brekenok, ove les membres, entre autres furent assignez al 
purpartie du dite suppliante, sicome appiert par les ditz rolles 
du dite purpartie, (des queux chastell et manoir les seig- 
niouries de Penkethlyn, Brenles, Langoit, et Canturcelly 
en Gales, furent membres a temps du dite purpartie, et 
tout ditz a devauut), nientmeins mesmes les seigniouries de 
Penkcthlyn, Brenles, Langoit, et Canturcelly, continuel- 



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woods, and reTerstoDg, with the appurtenances, in England 
and Wales, together vith knights' fees and advowsons of 
churches, abbeys, priories, ricarages, hospitals, chapels, and 
other benefices of Holy Church, and of all other things 
whatsoever in any manner appurtenant to, appendent on, 
or respecting the said castles, manors, lands, tenements, and 
other possessions, or any of them ; of which the said late 
Earl, grandfather of the said late Kbg and of the sud 
petitioner, was seised as well in demesne as in rereruon 
at the time of his death (except the knights* fees and 
advowsons of the churches, abbeys, priories, vicarages, 
hospitals, chapels, and other benefices of Holy Church 
of the said heritage then being in gross), as is more 
fully contained in two rolls of the same partition enacted 
of record in the same Parliament : and which fees and 
advowsons, so being in gross, remuned, after the sud 
partition, in the bands of the said late King all his IiCe> 
and yet remain in the bands of our lord ths King who 
now is, by reason that no partition was thereof made in 
the life of the same late King ; and also all the charters, 
muniments, and evidences touching both parts of the 
partition aforesaid are in the custody of John Leven- 
thorp, who is of the Coundl of the Duchy of Lancas- 
t^, which John will deliver no part of the said evidences 
to the said petitioner without command of the very ho- 
norable Coundl of our lord the King. And whereas, olso^ 
upon the same partition, the castle and manor of Breck- 
nock, with the members, were, among others, assigned to 
the purparty of the said petitioner, as appears by the said 
rolls of the said partition, (of which castle and manor the 
lordships of Penkelly, Broyn-llys, Llangoit, and Cantrefi'- 
celly in Wales were members at the time of the said par- 
tition, and always before,) nevertheless the some lordships 



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194 

ment puis la dite purpartie out demurrez seiaez en lea 
mains le dit nadgairs Roi et en les mains nostra seig- 
nioiir le Roi q'or est, pur ceo q'est pretenduz par le 
Counseil del dit Ducbee de Lancastre mesmes les seig- 
oiouries de Penkethlyn, Brenles, Langoit, et Canturce11y> 
a temps de dite purpartie estre seigniouries en groos et 
nient membres dee ditz chastell et matroir de Brekenock ; 
et a cause que null especial meodon fuist faite dicell 
en la dite purpartie, a tres grande perde et damage du 
dite suppliaote. Please a THautesse de nostre dit tres 
soverun seigniour le Roi et a lee tree sages discretions 
des ditz setgniours de ceste present Pailement d*ordeigner, 
par auctorite de mesme le Parlement covenable vme pur 
la partition a faire parentre nostre seigniour le Roi et 
la dite BuppUante des ditz fees et avoesona esteantz en 
groos; et pur la severance des ditz chartres evidencea 
et muniments queux touchent aereralment les dites pur- 
parties, et auxi pur la manere de la saulf garde dea chartres 
evidences et muniments touchantz en comune de mesmes 
les purpartiea; et auxi pur la discution et determination 
de lea claym et pretence suiaditz, c'eet assavoir, le quel) des 
ditz seigniouries de Penkethlyn, Brenlea, Langoit^ et Can- 
turcelly, a temps de dite purpartie, furent s^gniouries en 
groos, ou autrement membres et parcelles des ditz chas- 
tell et manoir de Brekenok. Et en outre par mesme I'auc- 
torite d'ordeigner q'en cas que determine soit que les ditz 
seigniouries de Penkethlyn, Brenlea, Langoit et Cantur- 
celly, ou aacun parcell dtcell, furent ou fuist, au temps 
du dite purpartie, membres ou membre des ditz cbastell 
et manoir de Brekenok, q'adonqes la dite auppliante 
puisse entrer, enjoier, et reteigner a luy et a aes heirs, 
a sa dite purpartie, meames les seigniouries ou parcell 
dlcelles queux serront ou serra enai determinez ou de- 



.y Google 



194 

of Penkelly, Broyn-lljra, Llangoit) and Cantreffcelly have re- 
mained ever eince the said partition seised in the hands of 
the siud late King, and in the hands of our lord the King 
who now is, because it is pretended by the Couuci] of the 
said Duchy of Lancaster that the same lordships of Pen- 
kelly, Broyn-llys, Llangoit, and Cantreffcelly were at the 
time of the said partition lordships in gross, and not men^ 
bers of the said castle and manor of Brecknock ; and by 
reason that no especial mention was made of the same in 
the said purpar^, to the great logs and damage of the said 
petitioner. May it please our most sovereign lord the 
King's Higbneae, and the stud very wise and discreet 
Lords of this present Parliament, to ordain, by authority 
of the same Parliament, a convenient way for making par- 
tition between our lord the King and the said petitioner of 
the said fees and advowsons being in gross; and for the 
severance of the sud charters, evidences, and muniments 
which touch the said purparties severally, and also for the 
manner of safe custody of the charters, evidences, and muni- 
ments touching the same purparties in common ; and also for 
the discussion and determination of the claim and pretence 
aforesaid, to wit, which of the sud lordships of Penkelly, 
Broyn-llys, Llangoit, and Cantreffcelly were, at the time of 
the said partition, lordships in gross, or else members and 
parcels of the said castle and manor of Brecknock. And, 
moreover, to ordain, by the same authori^, that in case it 
be determined that the said lordships of Penkelly, Broyn- 
llys, Llangoit, and Cantreffcelly, or any parcel of the same, 
were or was, at the time of the said partition, members or 
member of the sud castle and manor of Brecknock, that 
then the said petitioner may enter, enjoy, and retain to 
her and her heirs, for her said purparty, the same lordships 
or parcel thereof which shall be so determined members or 



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195 

termioe membres ou pucell dee ditz diastell et manoir 
de Brekenok, selonc I'eSiect et fonne del dtte primer pur- 
partie; et suxi q'ele eit toutz lee iesues et profits ent 
prisez puis le temps del dtte primer purpartie, et tielx 
et tantz briefe desoutz le graunde eeal, ou privee seal 
nostre seigniour le Rot, pur lever mesmee lee issues, 
come semblera a dite suppliante et son coans^ll meultz 
bosoignables en ceste partie. Et en cae que determioe 
soit que meemes les seigniourieB ou ascun parcel! d'icelU 
s temps de dite primer purpartie, furent en groos, et 
nient membres des ditz cbastell et manoir de Brekenok, 
adonqea d'ordeigner voie pur la partition ent a bire 
par entre nostre dit seigniour le Roi et Is dite sup- 
pliante, et q'ele eit toutz les issues et profits prorenauntz 
puis 1« temps du dite primer purpartie de tout ceo q'eot 
serra aseigoe a la purpartie de dite suppliante, et auxi 
tielx et atantz dea briefs desoutz le graunde seal, ou privee 
seal nostre seigniour le Roi, pur lever mesmes les issues 
et profitz, come semblera a dite suppliante et a son coun- 
seill meultz boeoignables, et ceo pur Dieu et en oevere 
de cbarite. Considerant que les feoSes du dit Humfrey 
de Bobuo lesserent a Jobanne de Bohun, jadie Countesse 
de Hereford, que I^eux aBsoille, manoirs terres et tene- 
ments a la value de cent livers par an, a tenir a dite 
Countesse pur sa vie, isaint que apres la mort de dite 
Countesse mesmes les manoirs terres et tenements re- 
maiodroient as ditz Marie et Alianor^ files et beirs du 
dit Count, pur toutz jours: quell Marie morust vivant 
la dite Altanore, par quoi la reversion dee mesmes les 
manoirs terres et tenements accrust a dite ALianore par 
la survivor ; la quele Alianore morust^ par quoi la re- 
version dee ditz manoirs terres et tenements deecendist 
a dite suppliante, come a file et heir la dite Alianore : 



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165 

parcel of the eaid castle and manor of Brecknock, accord- 
ing to the efl^t and form of the said first partition ; and 
also that she may have all the issues and profits thence 
taken since the time of the aaid first partition, and such 
and so many writs under Uie great seal or privy seal of our 
lord the King, to tery the rame issues, as sliall seem to tbe 
said petitioner and her counsel most necessary in this re- 
spect And in case it he determined that the same lord- 
ships or any parcel thereof were in gross at the time of 
the said first partition, and not members of the said castle 
and manor of Brecknock, then to ordain a way for parti- 
tion thereof to he made between our stud lord the King 
and the said petitioner, and that she may have all the 
issues and profits arising since the time of the sud first 
partition Irom all that which shall be thereof assigned to 
the purparty of the said petitioner, and also such and so 
many writs under the great seal or privy seal of our lord 
the King, to levy the same issues and profits, as shall seem 
to the said petitioner and her counsel most necessary, and 
this for God and as a work of charity. Considering that 
the feofiees of the said Humphrey de Bohun released to 
Joan de Bohun, late Countess of Hereford, whom God 
pardon, manors, lands, and tenements to the value of one 
hundred pounds a-year, to hold to the said Countess for 
her life, so that after the death of the said Countess the 
same manors, lands, and tenements should remaiu for 
ever to the said Mary and Eleanor, daughters and co- 
heirs of the said Earl ; which Mary died during tbe life 
of the said Eleanor, whereby the reversion of the same 
manors, lands, and tenements accrued to the said Eleanor 
by Burvivonhip; which Eleanor died, whereby the rever- 
sion of the said manors, lands, and tenements descended 
to the said petitioner, as daughter and heir to the said 



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et nient obstant cell descent, la dite BuppliantCt al plerir 
du dit nadgaire Roi, pier nostre Beigniour le Roi q'or 
eat, mist mesmes lee manoirs terree et tenements en 
purpartie, eDsemblement ove le remeoaunt de meune I'en- 
beritance.-~A la quele supplication leeu en mesme le 
Parlement, et bien entendu, respondu fuit en le maaere 
come cy ensuit 

Responsio. — Soit ceete supplication, ore la respons 
cy ensuant, apres ceo q'eles soient enroUes en le roll 
d'icell Parlement, mandez a le grande Conseil du Roi : 
et que SUT ceo les Seigniours de mesme le Conseil, pur 
le temps esteantz preeentz en le mesme, aient pleia poair 
par auctorite de ceo mesme Parlement d'ordeaer pur et 
de les partition a faire, et discutions, determinations, et 
toutz les autres choses et matiers en la dite supplica- 
tion especi&eez, et les circumstances d'iceles, eelonc lour 
bones advises et discretions. 



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196 

Eleanor: and notwithBtanding this desceott the said peti- 
tioner, at the pleasure of the said late King, father of our 
lord the King who now is, placed the same manors, lands, 
and tenements in purpartj', together with the remainder 
of the same inheritance. To which petition, read in the 
same Parliament, and well understood, answer was made 
in manner as here follows. 

Answer. — Let this petition, with the answer here fol- 
lowing, after they shall have been enrolled on the roll of 
this Parliament, be sent to the Great Council of the 
King : and thereupon let the Lords of the same Council, 
for the time being present in the same, have full power, by 
authority of this same Parliament, to ordain for and re- 
specting the partition to be made, and the diecussions, de> 
terminations, and all other things and matters spedfied in 
the said petition, and the circumstances thereof, according 
to their good advice and discretion. 



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Pctiiio in Parliunento tento anno rcgni Regis Hcnrici Scxti post Con- 
queBtuiD dccimo. 

I ^ NOSTRE tres eovereigne seigniour noBtre 

^ seigniour ]e Roy supplie humblement Anne 
|J Countesse de Stafford, file et heir Alianora 
B une dez filez et heirs Humfrei de Bofaun jadis 
Count de Hereford, E^ssex, et Northampton, et Constable 
d'Engleterre, qe come but certein aqcorde ewe parentre le 
tres noble Prince Henry jadis Roy d''Engleterre Tostre 
Ires noble piere, qe Dieu assoil, fitz et heir Marie, autre 
dez filez et heirs du dit Count, purpartie foist fait par- 
entre vostre dit tres noble piere et la dite suppliant, 
par auctorite de Parlement vostre dit tree noble piere 
tenuz a Weetmonastre le secund jour de May I'an do 
son reigne neofisme, de tontz chastels et manoire ove 
lour appurtenantz et dez bundredes terres tenementz 
mariscz fees couDtees courtez rewez forestez parkes 
boysz reversions et autres poseessioDS qeconqes, ove lour 
appurtenantz, en Engleterre, Galez, et Marche de Gales, 
des queux le dit Count murust seisie, sibien en demesne 
come en reversion, forspris feez et avousons esteantz en 
gros. Et auxi en mesme le Parlement acorde fuist par- 
entre vostre dit tres noble piere et la dite suppliant, 
qe la dite suppliant ferroit particion de lez fees et avou- 
sons en gros avant ditz ; et qe vostre dit tres noble piere 
eslieroit la quele part qe luy plerra de lez fees et avousons 
en gros avant ditz, issint par la dite suppliant a departiers, 
lesqueus uuquore remaignent en voz mains nient depar- 



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. K 



1 ihe Poiliamcnt holden in the tenth yeat of the reign of King 
Henry the Sixth after the Conquest. 

~<NNE Coontefls of Staflbrd, daughter and heir > 
I of Eleanor one of the daughters and co-heirs ' 
of Humphrey de Bohun, late Earl of Here- { 
ford, Essex, and Nortfaampton, and Constable 
of England, humbly beseecheth our most eovereigD lord Patithn 
our lord the King, that whereas upon a certain agreement ^J^JJ"^ 
had between the most noble Prince Henry late King of S3!!!tfifcl 
England, your very noble father, whom God pardon, aon ^S^i^' 
and heir of Mary, one other of the daughters and co-heirs Gotumof 
of the said Earl, partition was made between your said very otamtnt. 
noble father and the said petitioner, by authority of the 
Parliament of your said very noble father holden at West- 
minster on the second day of May in the ninth year of his 
reign, of all the castles and manors with their appurte- 
nances, and of the hundreds, lands, tenements, marshes, 
fees of counties, courts, views, forests, parks, woods, rever- 
sions, and other possesnons whatsoever, with their appur- 
tenances, in England, Wales, and the Marches of Wales, of 
which the said Earl died seised, as well in demesne as in 
reversion, except fees and advowsons being in gross. And 
it was also agreed in the same Parliament between your 
said very noble father and the said petitioner, that the said 
petitioner should make partition of the aforesaid fees and 
advowsons in gross, and that your said very noble father 
should choose winch share should please him of the afore- 
said fees and advowsons in gross, so to be divided by the 



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198 

tie& Qe please a voatre Hautesae de grauntier par auc- 
torite de cest present Parlement, <]e la dit Countesse 
poet tare particion dez feez et avousons en groa avant 
ditz, et lez particions issint a furs mettier en vostre 
Chauncerie en escriptz, et qe apres mesme la parti- 
cion ensy hit, voz Cbaunceler et Tresorer d'Engletene 
pur le temps esteantz eient power par mesme I'auctoritee 
d'eslier pur vous quele part qe lour semblera meiliour 
pur vouB dee feee et avousons en gros avant ditz ; et qe la 
dite Countesse poet entrer aver et enjoier, et eit et enjoie 
lez ditz feez et avousons en gros avaut ditz, nient pur vous 
esluz par lez Chaunceler et Treeorer avant ditz, et eux 
tener a luy et a sez heirs, sans reclamacion ou empecbe* 
ment de vous ou de voz heirs en temps a vener, sanz 
auer livere, licence, pardon, ou ascoun autre euyte, en 
ascoun autre nuaer, de lez fees et avousons en gros avant 
ditz : et oustre ceo, qe lez ditz particion et electioa issint 
a fairs faitz estoient en lour fors a touts jours par auctorite 
Buts ditz, ascuns descent, doune, graunt, feflement, matier 
ou cause qeconqea nient obsteantz. Savant tout foitz a 
toutz voz liegez lour actions titulez et interessez, ei ascuits 
eient en ycelles. Pur Dieu et en eovere de charitee. 

A ceste bille les Communes ouut doune lour assent. 
{In dor so.) 

FACIAT infrascripta Comitissa partitionem de feodi 
et advocationibus in grosso, in preeaenti petitione specifi- 
catie, et eandem partitionem sic factam deferat in canceU 
lariam domini Regis, et vocatis coram Cancellario et The- 
saurario AngUaa pro tempore ezistentibus, in cancellaria 
preedicta, Camerario et Generali Receptore ducatus Lan- 
coBtriee, ac aliis de concilio Regis ejusdem ducatus quos 
praahti Cancellarius et Thesaurarius in hac parte fore vi- 
derint evocandos, habeant iidem Cancellarius et Thesau- 



^dbyGOOglC ■ 



said petitionei; the which yet remain undivided in your 
hands. May it please your Highness to grant, hy au- 
tbority of this present ParliameDt, that the said Countess 
may make partition of the aforeswd fees and advowsoos 
in gross, and place the porUons so to be made in writing 
in your Chancery) and that after the same partiUon so 
made your Chancellor and Treasurer of England for the 
time being may have power by the same authority to 
choose for you the portion which sbatl seem to them 
the better for you of the aforesaid fees and advowsons in 
gross ; and that the said Countess may be enabled to enter, 
have, and enjoy, and may have and enjoy, the said fees and 
advowsoQs in gross aforesaid not chosen for you by the 
Chancellor and Treasurer aforesaid, and hold them to 
herself and to her heirs, without reclaim or binder- 
ance of you, or of your heirs in time to come, without 
suing livery, licence, pardon, or any other suit, in any 
other manner, of the fees and advowsons in gross afore- 
said : and moreover, that, the said partition and choice 
so to be made having been made, they may remain in 
their force for ever by the authority abovesaid, any d^ 
scent, gift, grant, feoffment, matter, or cause whatever 
notwithstanding. Saving always to all your lieges their 
actions, titles, and interests, if any they have in the same. 
For God and as a work of chanty. 

To this bill the Commons have given their assent. 
(On the back.) 

LET the within-written Countess make partition of the t 
fees and advowsons in gross specified in the present peti- 
tion, and let her carry the same partition so made into the 
Chancery of our lord the King; and the Chamberlain and 
Receiver General of the Duchy of Lancaster, and others 
of the King's Council of the same Duchy of Lancaster 



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1»9 

niriiis plenam, auctoritate prseseoUs Parliamenti, potes- 
tatem eligendi pro domino Rege illam propartem quun 
de aTisamento et asseneu dictonim Camerarii, Receptoris, 
et aliorum de dicto concilio, melius pro domino Rege v'u 
debitur eligendam. Qua quidem elecdoue per prce&txw 
Cancellariiun et TbeBaurarium in fonuB prmdicta facU, 
habeat prtehta Comitissa auctoritate prsedicta l^ra- 
tionem extra manua Regis alterius propartis ipBam coq- 
tingentis in forma juris. 



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199 

whom the Chancellor and Treasurer of England for the 
time being shall see proper to be called in this caae, 
being called into the aforesaid Chancery before the afore- 
said Chancellor and Treasurer, let the same Chancel- 
lor and Treasurer, by authority of the present Parlia- 
ment, have the full power of chooBing for our lord the 
King that purparty which, by the advice and assent of the 
said Chamberlain, Receiver, and others of the aud Council,, 
shall^ seem the better to be chosen for our lord the King. 
Which choice having been made by the aforesaid Chan- 
cellor and Treasurer in form aforesaid, let the aforesaid 
Countess, by the authority aforesud, have livery in due 
form out of the King's hands of the other purparty belong- 
ing to herself. 



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Sa' 



Rotulua Pwlinraenli icnti apud Wcatraoimslcrium in cmstino Sancti 
Martini, anno rcgni R<^is Hcnrici Scicli post ConqiiCEtum dccimo oc- 



^TEM, for BO mocbe as the King oure Sovecayn 
^ Lord, havyng fcnowelicbe of grete murmour 
Si and clamour that shold be in hie Roialme of 
§ Englond for non paiment of the dispeo^s of 
hia Houshold, willyng, of his goode grace, paiment to his 
liege peple to be made for the dispeoais of the same Hous- 
hold, grauDteth and ordeinetb bi tbaeseiit of the Lordes 
Spirituell and Temporell, aod the Communes of the saide 
Roialme, in this present Parlement assemblid, and bi auc- 
torite of the same Parlement, that alle the profites, issues, 
revenues, cnstames and commoditees, comyng or for to 
come, of alle the castellis, bonnurea, maners, lordschippes, 
landis, tenementie, rentes, reversions, serrices, fraunchiees, 
libertees, viewes of Irancplegge, bundredea, letis, courtis^ 
and alle other enheritaunces and poBsessions of the Ducbie 
of Lancastre remaynyng in his hand, and of the Ducbie of 
Cornewaille, while the same Duchie eball be in hia band, 
fro the feat of Seint Michell the archangel] last passid, 
except alle fees, wages, annuytees, reparations, and other 
cbargis necessarie goyng out of the same, be ordeined> 
aplied, and emploied to the dtspensis of his saide Hous- 
hold, and delivered bi the Receyvours General! of the 
aaide Duchies for the tyme beyng to the Tresourer of 
his saide Houehold for the tyme beyng, bi endentures 
thereof bitwene thaym to be made: and that the Re- 



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901 

ceyvours Qenenll of the said Duchees, uppon thair ac- 
compt alleweyes shall have allowance and discharge of thair 
paymentJB, made hi 8uche endentures. And yf the Bame 
Receyvours make payement in eny other wise than in 
fourme aforeseide, that than thereof they be disalowed 
uppoD thaiTfl accompt: Savyng to alle the Kiiig''B lieges 
there title, right, and interesse that they hare in the seide 
Ducheee, or in eny parcell thereof, this Acte notwithstand- 
yng : and that this Ordinance endure to the ende of fire 
yere next ensuyng. 



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Rotulus Partiamenti tentj apiid Westmonaiterium in crastino Seocti 
Martini, anno regni Regie Henrici Sexti poat Conqueatura decimo oc- 

Bui. Piri- EM, queedam cedula, sive billa, Communibus 

Tr'arLmi. >rBBdicti8, dc mandato ipBiua Domini Regis, 

uth Jan. 'xhibita fuit et liberata sub hac verborum 

18 Bm. a. 

*■=■ 1«»- erie ; 

Thaiuitiui^ For so moch as the King our Soverain Lord is en- 
DUMonh. fourmed of gret murmour and clamour that shuld be in 
ofLl^™»? ''■^ Roialme ber in Englond tbat the Purveours of his 
tt^fSXV' Houshold taken dayly for hym of his peple of this land 
FkuTiha^ their oxen, sbepe, pullaile, wfaete, otes, barlich, malt, 

PIflh'iWill. / 1 i- 1. 1 

i»y<mi beneB, all manere of salt-fyseh, wyn, ale, vax, spicere, 
""iM ^ ^°^ ^'^ manere vitaille and stuff ]>at longith to Housbold, 
^ita^EUg" *'*'' cariage; under colour of the which takyug, and 
HooubDiif: g^Qjeiy of more }>an ig necessarie to his Hous, and in 
diversez wises by diversez menes not resonable, take ex- 
actions of his people be colour of |)office and taking afore- 
said, notwithstondyng full noble ordinances peaalee that 
have ben mad therof in bis full noble progenitours' tyme, 
to their importable hurt: for the which causes our Sove- 
raine Lord t>e King aforesaid, bavyng compasBion of bis 
people^s compleynt, have sought )>e meenes howe his said 
Housbold and the dispensez ]>erof might be contened and 
assetbed, and bis people noght so greved ; in so moch ]>at 
for he cause {lat be havyng consideration to Jie manyfold 
grete charges Jtat he hath for ]>e defence outward, and for 
the pollitique reule of this his lond within, forth it couth 
not be seen howe bis revenue above this charges wold 



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etreche, to }>fl pleyn coDtentyng of the dispeiiBet of bis 
said Hoiuhold: for the which he desired my Ixird }« 
CardiDall and the Lord Huogerford, nowe beyng present 
in this Parlement, FeoSee with the Archebishop of Caun- 
terbury of a part of the Duchie of Lancastre, in certeing 
castells, hoenoars, nutners, lordships, Isnds, tenements, 
rentz, reversions and serricee, A-aunchiseas, libertees, vewes 
of francplegge, hundredes, leetes, fees, advowsons, proffitz, 
commodites, and other enheritaunces and possessions, by 
the feffement of the most Cristen Priace, of the most vic- 
torioue and blessid memorie, fader to our said Sovertun 
Lord, pat ]>ei wold assent }>Bt )>e said rerenus of ther 
feffementz myght be emploied for paimeot apart for the 
dispenses of his said Houghold ; to the which my said 
Lord the Cardinall and the Lord Hungerford answered 
unto die Kyngea Highnesse, that it was not unknowen 
to hym howe that the; were entitled as strongly and as 
treuly as the lawe coutb make hem, and howe that the 
most noble King, &der to our Soveraine Lord, praied 
hem, usyng of his grace thes termes, to perfounne and 
fulfille his wille, the which be be writing declared unto 
■them, of the revenues of the said feoffement; and ther 
upon thei as trewe FeofTes have fullfilled a gret part, and 
wold doo, of his will, and all ebuld er this tyme have doon, 
ne hadde leen )>e gret loones and presttes )>e which )>ei 
have afore this tyme made unto our said Soverain Lord, 
the which, as it apperith of record, is owyng unto hem 
at this day of many thousands: declaryng forthermore 
unto our said SoTersine Lords, that, if his said wille 
were fully perfourmed, ^ei wold with all )reir bertes 
make hym astate of all the said castella, honnures, ma- 
tters, lordehipps, landes, tenementz, rentz, reverEions, ser- 
Ticez, and all o)>er enheritaunces and posseBsiena afore- 
2 D s 



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said ])at ^y were enfeffed ynne, and bo )>ey wold have 
doon er this, hadde not )>e eaid chevisaunce bee. Never- 
tbeles, notwitbatondiDg that all is sot perfonnned of the 
8wd ville, yet ])e said Feffee under certain conditions ]>e 
which })at folowen, have graunted unto )>e King, )>at 
after )>e dette ))at is owyng unto the said Cardinall and 
to the eaid ArchebisBhop of Caunterbury pued, for the 
which assignement was made by ]ie Feffee upon ]>e. said 
lordshipps, maners, and other enheritaunces comprised in 
the said feoffement, to certain personez by the King's com- 
maundement, to Jie use of the said Cardinall and Archie* 
bisahop, reservyng first to the sud Feoffes 2,00021 yerely, 
unto the tyme )>ei have full! perfournied )>e said King's 
will ]>ere FeSbur; and after the said 2,000^ reaerved, and 
pe fees, annuitees, wages, and reparations yerely paied, 
and o}>er assignementz afore this tyme made upon ]>e said 
maners, loidsbipa, landes and tenements, paied, that all 
)>e surpluse of the said revenue, such as shall be found 
deue upon ]>e accompts fro tyme to tyme of ]>e Receyvour 
Generall for the tyme beyng of the said Feffea of ]>e 
maners, lands, teuementz, and other enheritaunce afbr- 
said, afore the Auditours of the seid Feoffes for the tyme 
beyng, shall be delyvered by warant of )re siud Feoffes to 
the Tresorer of J)e Kyng's Houshold for the tyme beyng, 
for }>expensflz of )>e same Household, by indentures )>erof 
to be made betven hem )>at such warant shall have for 
to pfue and delivere )>e said surpluse, and }>e said Tre- 
sorer; of )>e which surpluse so receyved }>e said Tre- 
sorer shall accompt in the King's Escbequer, and }iat 
thei )>&t shalle have such warantz have due allouaunce 
upon ther accomptz, to be made to I>e said Feffea by J>e 
said indentures; and yef ]>ei make paiment in o]>er wise, 
])at )>an J>ei be disalowed [rerof in ))eir accomptz. And 



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905 

)>at )ie said Feoffee, nor )re said Receyvour General], nor 
DooD }>at shall have warant of such paymentz of Jre said 
Fe^B, or any of hem, shall not be compelled to accompt 
for the said revenue in noon ojrer place J>an afore the 
Auditour or Auditours of the said Feffee; and yef the 
eaide surplus be not emptoied to }>e King's Houshold 
as it ie aforesaid, Jiat then it be leefuU to })e said Fefies 
to restreyne ])e said «arantz and paymentz. The condi- 
tions aforesaid ben theee. Oon, t>at it like the King of 
bis grace to declare by hie lettres patentez ))at ^ said 
Fe^ mow, with )>eir worehipp, which }>ei tendre most 
of any ertly thin^ do as is abovesaid, and for the causes 
above declared drawe so moch ^ lengar )» fulfylling of 
)>e King's ]>eir Feffour's will and enteut; and }iat every 
of }>e said Feffes may have severall patents ]>erof for 
)>e conservation of ]>eir worshipp. The secound condi- 
tion is, how be it )>at the said Feffes owght not by rigour 
of lawe to declare hem self of }>expendyng and demenyng 
of ]>e proffitz and revenue of )>e said castells, honnurs 
and maners, ojiere enheritauncez and posseseioDS afore- 
said, comprised in ]>e said feoSement; yit of ther own 
free will ])ei have shewed )>at jwre was never noon of 
hem ]>at ever hadde any of the said revenue to their 
owne behoofe, but treuly, ae they wolle answer afore 
God, hath diepended it accordyng to ))entept of ))e K}-ng 
]>eir Feffour : that by consideration }>erof the said Feofifes, 
tber heirs, ezecutours and terretenauntz, ne noon of hem, 
be empecbed, vexed, nor endamaged by the King, his 
heirs and successours, for takyng or receyvyng of any 
iseuee, revenuez, commoditez, or any proffitz, he hem 
or any of hem, or by any other in ^ir name, of ^ said 
caetell, honnurs, maners, enheritauncez, and o]>er posses- 
eione comyng, taken, or receyved, hot tberof thay be quitt 



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and discharged ; and ])at ))e said conditlonB and alle pe 
premissez mygbt be graunted and enacted by auctorite 
of this present Parlement : it alwey provided, that noon 
of the londes, teoementz and poHsesaioiis, )iat the eeide 
Feffei have made eetat or release o^ by pe ordinaunce, 
will, or comtnaundement of the King that deed is, or 
the Kyng that nowe is, nor any revenua )iat have or 
shall bo received of )>e same, he compnsed under )>e 
force or honde of this act, as toward any restitutioD to 
be made of hem by the seide FeSez to the Kyng, his 
heirs or successours; or to any other enteDt myght be 
to the charge or honde of theim, their hnrs, executours 
or terretenauntz. 

Cui quidem oedulaB, sive billse, ac nateris in ea con- 
tent», iidem Communee assenaum suum prsebuenint sub 
hiis verbis : 

A cest bille lea Conammies sount asseotuz, 
Quihus quidem cedula, sive billa, et assensu, coram 
ipso Domino fllege in Parliamento praedicto, ac Dotninis 
SpiritualibuB et Temporalibus in eodem exiatentihuB, lecUs 
et plenius intellectiB, idem Dominus Rex, habita inde cum 
etsdem Dominis matura et diligente deliberatione, de avi- 
samento et assensu eorundem Dominorum et Communi- 
tatie, auctoritate Parliament! pnedicti, concessit omnia et 
singula in billa, sive cedula, et assenau prsedictis specie 
ficata et contenta, et voluit et concessit quod es in Par- 
liamento prsedicto inactitentur de recordo. 



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Rotdua Parliameiiti tenti apud WeatmomuleiiuiD in crutino Sancti 
MartiDi, anno legnWRcgis Heorici Sexti post Conqueatom decimo 0«- 

i REYN you the Commanes, that where it Rat. Pan. 
liketb you afore this trme, for the defenee of n.<i™n ' 

Tnu. Loud. 

tbiH your noble Reaume, to applie and dis* umju. 

pende divers DOtables aommes of the revenues '». imo. 
of yuure Corone, the which sommes, an they had not be jb^b^ih* 
applied to the said defens, had hen expended in your flftMoih 
Howsebolde and neceBearies expensis therto longyng^ and '^^^ 
divers of your pouer Communes of tiiis your noble Reaume, JJ.*^S.S 
for vitailles and other ueceBBarieB for your Howseholde of HnHkJld^* 
theym purveyd and take, paied and satisfied; and now it- 
is BO, that ye, Soveraiu Lord, of your tendre pite and com- 
. passion, consideryng the grete hynderyng and clamour of 
the sud diverse of your Communes be mene of the aud 
purvyance so had, be thadvis of your Lordes Spirituel and 
Temporel in this your present Parlement assembled, and 
be thauctoritee of the same, have ordeyned of the reve- 
nues of your Duches of Lancaatre and of Comewaile 
to be applied to your said Housolde dispenses, and to 
noon other use; in settyng aside thabuse of the said 
purveaunce, and sessyng of the said diverse clamour and 
hynderyng of your said Communes. 

* S«e more relating to the Revenues of the Duchies of lAncaster and 
Cornwall applied to the expeoaea of the King's Houacholil, on the Par- 
liament Rolla, tdI. v. pp. 63, 63, 174, 17fi, 246, £47 ; viz. in the Par- 
liaments holdcn SO Hen. 6. (n. 36 and 36), 28 Hen. 6 (n. 13), 31 and 
3S Hen. 6 (n. 43 and 44). 



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Please it you, our Soverain Lord, of your benyogne grace, 
that of the xv™ and dyme of your Iwe people of this your 
noble Roialme graunted unto you for the defense of your 
said Roialme, at this your present Parlement, that than it 
like you to graunt and ordeyn that the fouitbe part of the 
said XT'" and x™ nowe graunled, puable at the feet of the 
Natirite of Seint John Baptist next comyng, he delivered 
to your Tresorer of your Housholde for the tyme beyng 
to pay redie money in hand for expenses of your said 
Housholde, as ferre as the said money will atteyn or 
stretch to. 

RisFOHBio. — Le Roy le voeL 



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RotuluB PsrliKmenti tenti spud WestmonaBteriuin in die CoDveraioDiB 
d Paul], anno r^ni Regis Henhci Sexti post ConquesCum viceaimo. 

SO the Kyng oure Soreraia Lord besechetbe 11^''*']' 

] youre Communes of this youre present Parle- 5^- ^^ 

I ment assonbled, that it plese youre Highneise "■^'•o- 

i to cooddre how that the right excellent, most *" '"*■ 

r . - • r« TT TJ- ■'^" «It«Ili 

famouee, and victonouse f'rynce Usrry, sum tyme Kyng pcnmi mir 
of Engbnd, youre right noble fadir, whome God assoile, J^JJ^iJ^ 
by his lettree patents enfieffid Harry Bisehop of Wyn- ^f^'J^, 
chestre now Cardioal of Englond, Harry Archebisshop of Sa^^"^ 
Caunturbury, Waulter Lord Hungerford, and other, for null's'*" 
the srete truste that he hadde in hem, of dyvers caetellez, u»nfth'( 

6 _ ' ' ^ win, UHuta- 

manerez, townez, lordschippez, honurez, londez, tenementz, ^^^^^j^, 
rentes, reveruons, servicez, juriadictions, libertees, fraun- ""*■ 
chiaez, fees, btousods, and other poseessions, aswell in 
Englond as in Walez, as of his enheritaunce, parcell of 
hie Duchte of Lancastre, of the yerely Talue of 6,00021 and 
more by estimation, to have to theym and to theire heirez, 
to the entente and eflecte to execute and perfourme his 
wille upon the aeide feffement to hem by hym made 
and declarid in writyng ; the value of whiche caatetlez, 
manerz, townez, lordschippez, honurez, londez, rentes, 
tenementez, reverBionB, jurisdictions, libertez, frauncbisez, 
avousons and poeeessions, aftur the seide extente, fro the 
deth of your seide noble fadir, into the fest of Seint Mi- 
chell last passed, by the eeide Feffeez resceived and to 
be resceived, amountetb to the somme of 114,000^ and 
more by estimation. And how it is to suppose and con- 



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SIO 

ceyve, that the seide wille of youre seide noble fadir, by tbe 
seide Fefieez, of bo grete and notable sommeB by hem res- 
ceived of the iasuez, profitz, and rerenuz comyng of tbe 
seide castellez, manerez, townez, lordecbippez, honureiv 
londes, tenementia, renteB, reversions, eemcez, jurisdic- 
tions, liberteez, frauncbisez, fees and possessions, by so 
loBge tyme beyng in tbeire hondez, might afore this tyme 
dieuly have ben fully executed and perfourmed, above all 
other chargiez that are knowyn ; wbiche wille perfourmed, 
it is to underetond by all reson, good feith, and conscience 
that alle the seid castellez, lordshippez, manours, londez, 
teneinentz, and all the other seid possessions, as the olde 
right and enberitaunce of youre seide noble fadir, belongeth 
unto yow, Sovemn Lord, as heire to hym; conuderyng 
that tbe seid Feffees have no title ner interesse tfaerynne, 
but only upon trust, and to his use, to execute tue will^ 
as it is afore rehersid ; and that the seid Feffeez be but 
fewe in noumbre, «hereby of liklybode the possesuoa 
therof by casuelte of dethe myght reste in oon of theymej 
and BO descende unto his beirez that over lyved ; in wbiche 
case, and it fortune upon a temporal! man, thenne his 
wyfe were therof esdowable, and by suche menys your 
right and interesse therof, by youre lave, the further fro 
you thenne tbey now be, to your grete hurte and to 
youre likly disheritaunce. Therof considered also, that 
in youre Counceill, the sv day of Juyn, the zii"" yere 
of your reigne, beyng thenne there my Lord of Bedford 
youre uncle, whome God assoille, the seid Feffeez de- 
sired that by yow certeyne Lordez of youre CounceU 
myght be depute to see the bookes of receyte and of 
the ministration of the revenuez, in all goodly haste, of 
thoo londez that they were so enfeffid ynne; and, that 
done, they agreed that ye myght have and resceyvc alle 



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that shulde growe of the sndfl feSbmeot aftar Michel- 
mease day thimiie n«ct comyng, by the hondez of the 
officerez and deputeez of the seide Feffeez, so that pro- 
clamation schulde be made before the Parlement theaoe 
next eewyng that every man that wolde aske dette for 
Hoosbolde, Cbaumbre, Warderobe, Kyngez Werkes, or 
for money borowed, brynge ynne to the seide Feffeez 
the grovndez that they aske it by; and if it mygfat ap- 
pere that the sommez of the aasigneme&tz or of the r^ 
venuz of that yere wolde not suffice for paiement for 
the Kyngez dettez afore rebersid, and for perfourmyng 
of his CbauQterye and of his Toumb^ tbenne ye to 
make to the seid Feffeez, for the rest that Bchuld so 
be founde, dieu aseignement and agrement: and if so 
were that the somme of the assignement made to the 
seide Feffeez, and the revenuez of that yere, wolde 
amounte to a gretter somme tbenne the aomme of the 
dettez and makyng of the aeid Chauntrye and Tombe, 
tbenne the residue therof to be paied up to yowe. And 
over that, the seid Feffeez, this done, willed and agreed 
to make astate to yowe, Soverain Lord, of alle the seide 
londes and tenementz that they stode enfeffed ynne ; that 
is to Bey, of that that was fee-taille, in fee-taill, and of 
that that was fee-symple, in fee^ymple; how be it and 
ye toke astate therof of youre seide Feffeez in suche wise, 
or that they enfedfe yowe tberynne, ye mygbt not have, 
holde, ner enjoye the seide possessions in enheritaunce 
to youre avidlle and suerte, in suche msner and fourme of 
enheritaunce, and as parcel! of youre seid Ducbie, as 
youre seide noble fadir hem hadde and helde at the 
tyme of the seid feffement, and before; upon whoos de- 
sirez, writtes of proclamation procedut accordyng to theise 
premisses. Considered also, that in the Parlement at 



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Redyng, Uie zviii*^ yere of youre regne, the seide Feffeez, 
amoDg other, grauntid to yow, Soverain Lord, thst aftur 
the dette that thenne was owyng unto the seide Cardinall 
uid to the seide Archebisshop of Csunturbuiy paied, for the 
whiche Bseignement was made by the seid Feffeez, upon 
the seid caatellez, manerez, townes, lordschippez, honurez, 
loudez, teDementez, rentes, reversions, servicez, jurisdio- 
tiouB, liberteez, fraunchisez, feez, avoueons, and other pos- 
sessions comprised by the seide feffement, by certeyne 
personez by your cominaundement, to the use of the 
seid Cardioall and Archebisshop ; reservyug to the seide 
Feffeez 8,000^ y«rely> unto the tyme they hadde per- 
fourmed the s^ Kyngtg wille their Feffour : that thenne 
all the surplusage therof schuld be delyverid to the Tre- 
eorer of youre Householde for the tyme beyng, for the ex- 
pensez of the same Householde ; of whiche surplusage so 
resceived the seid Tresorer schulde accompte in your 
Escbequer; whiche dette, long tyme before the first day 
of this present Parlement, was pcued to the seid Cardinall 
and Archebishop ; and, over that, grete and notable sommes 
have ben resceyved sithyn the seid Parlement so beyug 
at Redyng. And therupon, of youre nc^le grace, theiae 
premissez con^derid, and for the counfbrt and ease i^ 
youre peple, that it pleee youre Highnesse by auctorite 
of this present Parlement to ordeigne and assigne certein 
persoDes, suche as may like to your Highnesse, to here 
the declaration of the seide Feffeez, or of other personea 
by hem suche aa thei will depute and name in writyn^ 
of the seide wille and of the execution therof and of 
all the dependentz therof, and of all the issues, profites, 
revenuez, paiementes, cosies, and expenses of and for 
the seide caatellez, manerez, townes, lordschippez, ho- 
nurez, landes, tenementz, rentez, reversions, servicez, ju- 



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SIS 

risdictioDB, libertees, fraunchiBez, fees, and posaeeuons : 
and that the seide FeSeez, or other pereooes by hem 
to be depute and named, be radj upon resonable warn- 
jTDg, gtte Buche tymes and as ofte as the seide penonez 
BO to he assigned wolle ordeigne, to declare the trought 
of theise premisseB, with alle the circumstances and de- 
pendentcK of the same ; and yif neither the seide Feffeez, 
aflur resonable wamyng to hem - iu that partie made, ner 
other personez for hem in the founne aforeseide to be 
by hem namyd, come for to declare the seide wille and 
execution therof, and of alle other premisses ; or ellea, if 
they come and wolle not declare theie premiseez in the 
founne afore reheraid, afore the seid persones so by yow 
to be ordeyned and assigned ; or ellys, if it may be founden 
by Buche declaration, for the parte of the seid Feffeez, 
afore the seid persones so to be assigned, that the seide 
wille is perfounned and executed, or elles that parcell 
therof restuthe and remaynetb unperfourmede and not 
executed; and ye, aftur reporte therof to you made* 
agree and contente the seide Feffeez by sufficiaunt aa- 
Bignement or other wise, for the execution of the Beide 
wille, of as moche as thenne remayned unperfourmed 
and not executed; that thenne it be levefull to you, So- 
verain Lorde, by the seide auctorite to entre and take 
into your bondes alle the seide castellez, manerz, townes, 
lordschippez, honurez, londez, tenementz, rentez, rever- 
sions, servicez, jurisdictions, liberteez, franchisez, feez, 
avouBonB, and possesBions foraeide, with theire appurte- 
nauncez, excepte the manerez of Tiberton, Rie, Rodde- 
leye and Ettlowe, with the appurtenauncez, in the schire 
of Oloucestre, parcell of the seid possessions; to have, 
holde, and enjoye hem, to yow and to youre heirez, as 
parcel! of youre Bade Ducbie, as pleynly, hoolly, and in 



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314 

the Bune maner and fburme of enheritaunce and astate as 
yoaie seide fadir hadde and helde hem wbeone tbey 
were in his handes at the tyme of the eeide feffetnent, any 
maner of acte, feffement, lettxes patentz, etatutea, orde- 
nauncez, or other thyngs what so ever they be, afore 
this tyme made, not withstonding : sayyng alwey to alle 
your other liegez alle suche astatez, and noon other, as 
tbey or any of faem hadde in any londea, tenementSa 
offices, fees, or annuitez, or other possessions in the seide 
parcel], by youre noble progenitours, or by the seide 
Cardinall, Archebisshop, and Waulter, and theire other Co- 
feffez, or by any of theym, jointly or severally, giaunted 
by youre commaundement, or by the wille of youre B^de 
fadir declarid before this presebt Parlement, alwey ex- 
cepte the seide Felleez and iche of hem. And that if, upon 
Buche declaration hadde, it appere not that the seide Car- 
dinall, Archebisshop, and Lord Hungerford, or any of their 
Coffeffiez now passid to God, or any of hem, have applied 
or emploied the issuez, profitez, or reyenuez by hem re- 
ceived of the seid castellez, tnanerez, townes, lordschip- 
pez, honurez, londez, tenementez, rentez, reversions, ser- 
vicez, jurisdictions, liberteez, fraunchisez, feez, avoueona, 
and possessions, or eny parte of hem, to their owoe use, 
or in any other wise, save only accordyng to the wille 
of the seide late Kyng ]>er Feffour, or for the wele, good 
rule, and govemaunce of the seide castelles, manerez, 
townez, lordecbippez, honurez, londes, teneinentflz, rentz, 
reveruotiB, servicez, jurisdictions, liberteez, fraunchisez, 
fees, avoueons, and possessions, or elles at your request 
or desire, oure Soverain Lord ; that thenae the seide 
Cardinall, Archebisshop, and Lord Hungerford, theire 
beirez, executours, terre-tenauntez, officers, and miniBtres» 
and also the beires, executours, and terre-tenauntez of 



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215 

their Cofeffies now paseid to God, of the eeid castellee, 
nunerez, townez, lordscfaippez, honiirei, londea, tene- 
mentez, rentz, revereiona, Bervicez, jurisdictioDB, libera 
teez, frauochisez, feei, sTouBons, snd poBsesEionB, be quy tie 
and discharged ag^yna you, Soreram Lord, youre heirez 
aod Buccessours for ever more, of all maner actions, em- 
pechemeotez, and demaundee to be made or badde ageyne 
bem or any of hem by any cause or colour of occupa- 
tion, interease, profitez takyng, usyng, and excernsyng, of 
the seide costellez, manerez, townes, lordscbippez, ho- 
nurez, londez, tenementez, rentes, reversions, services, 
jurisdictions, liberteez, frauncbisez, fees, avousons, and 
possessions, and of all liberteez, fraunchises, and juris- 
dictions wbicbe tbei have cleymed, hadde, or used by 
the reason, vertu, or colour of the seide feffement, so 
that they ner noon of theim in any wise in tyme to 
come be empeched, chargid, vexed, or greved for any of 
the causes aforeseid. And that the Receyvour General! 
of the seid Duchie that nowe is, or for the tyme schall 
be, by the seide auctorite take and reeceyve all the issuez, 
profitee, and revenuez comyng of the seide castellez, ma- 
nerez, townez, lordscbippez, bonorez, londez, tenementz, 
rentez, reversions, servicez, jurisdictions, liberteez, fraun- 
cbisez, fees, and possessioDB forseid, aflur thei come into 
your hondez; and the same issues, profitez, and revenuez 
pay and delyver to the Tresorer of your Housholde for the 
tyme beyng, by endenturez tberof bytwix heu to be made, 
for the provision and expensez of youre seide Housholde; 
to be made by as long tyme and in like fourme as tiie 
profitez and revenuez of the remenaunt of your seide 
Duchie now beyng in your bondez be applied to the ex- 
pensez of youre seide Housholde, afhir the effecte of the 
purviaunce therof made at your last ParlemenI, the seid 



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sie 

Tresorer af youre Houaholde for the tyme beyng tberof to 
be Bccomptable in youre Eschequer. Aad that alle Hecey- 
voun Particulerz of any of the posaesBloas and enheri- 
taunce forseide schall pay and delyver to the eeid Re- 
ceyrour General] all the iseuez, profitz, and revenues 
forseide, wherof they Bchall to yow be chargeablez and ac- 
comptablez by reson of heire aeide o6Scez, by endentures 
bytwix hem and the aeide Receyvour Generall therof to 
be made; and that the seide Receivour Generall be not 
allowed upon hie accompte of any maner of paymentz 
of the profitez and revenuez forseid made to any other 
persone or pereonez but alonly of payementez made to 
your seide Tresorer, excepte the paymentz of the aeid 
fees, annuitez, wagies, and ofBces forseide, and otiier ex- 
pensez Decessariea; and that noon of the seide Recey- 
voure Particulerz be not alowed upon hie accompte of 
any maner of paymentez of the issuez, profites, and reve- 
nues forseide made to any other persone but to the aeide 
General Receyvour, except paymentz of the seide fees, 
annuitez, and wagiez afore this tyme ordeyned and as- 
signed to be paied by theire bondez, and except repara- 
tions and other expensez necessariez. And that theise 
seide assignementez so made for the provision and ex- 
pensez of youre seide Housholde, of the iseuez and pro- 
fitez of the enfaeritauDce and poesessions forseide, to be 
taken by the seide Tresorer of your seide Housholde, 
by tbe bondes of the seide Receyvour Generall of youre 
seide Duchie, or for to be taken by the seide Receyvour 
Generall of the seide Receivoura Particulerez, stande by 
this auctorite in theire strengfat, and not alterate oer 
chauoged ; and if any of the seide Receivours, from this 
tyme forth, make any payment to the contrarie of the 
seide ordenaunce and assignementz, that thenne he thereof 



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»17 

be disalowed upon his accompte. Alwey forseyn, that 
Thoinaa Rothewell, squier, and Elizabeth his wyf, late 
the wif of Thomas Swynford, knyght, by the auctorite of 
this same Parlement have, uid from this tyme fortb hold 
in poBseesioD, terme of the lif of the stune Elizabeth, the 
Beide manerez of Tyberton, Rye, Roddeley, and Etlowe, 
with the appurtenaunce, in the scfaire of Glouceatre, par> 
celles of tbe seide castellez, lordscfaippez, manerez, londes, 
tenementez, and other poBseBsioDB beforeseide, in recom- 
pence of the maner of Snaythe, and the Boke of Snayth, 
in the schire of Vorke, with the appurtenauncez ; whiche 
maner with the seide soke was parcell of tbe seid Duchie 
at the tyme of the seid feffement; and that the same Fef- 
feez by thb same auctorite ha?e and holde tbe same 
manere and the soke, with tbe appurtenaunce, for tbe 
tyme that they schall have and holde tbe residue of the 
same castellez, lordschippez, manerez, londez, and tene- 
mcntez, in whiche thei were in fourme aforeseide en- 
felSd ; and ye, Soveraigne Lord, to entre and take into 
your hondes tbe same manere of Snayth and the soke, 
with the appurtenauncez, to have and to holde to yow 
and to your heirez, in euche manere and fourme as it ia 
above rehersid, of tbe residue of the seid castellez, lord- 
schippes, manerez, londes, and tenementez, wherof the 
seide Fefleez were enfeffid by your seide noble fadir, 
with the reversion of the seide manerez of Tiberton, Rye, 
Roddeleye, and Etlowe, with the appurtenaunce, aftur 
the deth of the aeid Elizabeth, to have and to bold to 
you and to your hetrez in suche manere and fourme as 
youre aeid noble fodir hem hadde and helde at the tyme 
of the seide feffement, and before, as parcell of youre 
seide Duchie : And also alwey forseyn and purveyed, 
that the seide declaration bo to be made by tbe seid 
S E 



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Feo^z or their deputeez be not badde, repute, ner 
takyn for ucompte, ner tbei ner noon of them charge- 
able by force tberof aftur the e%ct of accomple. Pur- 
veied ateo, that William Paaton, Robert Cler^ and Es- 
mond Clere, by the seid auctorite, have and hold to hem 
and to the beirez of the seid William, of yow and your 
heirez, as of your eeid Duchie, by the aerrice of feaute 
for all maner of servicez, xxxti acris and an half, ix 
perchys, a quarter and an half of a perche, and a pek 
of londe, pasture, hethe, and maresse, callid Copie-holde, 
with two manuons edified in certeyns parcelles tfaero^ 
in Paston and Edithorp in the counte of Northfolk, par- 
cell of the seid londez, tenementz, and posaessions, in 
whiche the seid Cardinall, ArcbebisBhop, and Waulter ar 
or were enfeffid ; and the feerde parte of a rode of londe, 
parceil of the wastez of the seid towne of Paaton ; in re- 
compense of XXXVI acris and an half, xxn perchis and 
an hal( half a quarter of a perche, half a pek and a 
nayle of londe, pasture and hethe, of the seid William, 
Robert^ and EBmond, callid Chartir^holde, with two man- 
aions edified in certeynz parcellez therof, in the seid 
townez of Paston and Edithorp; and ye» by the seid 
auctorite, to have and holde the same londez and tene- 
mentz, callid Cbartre-bolde, to yow and your heirez as 
parceil of the Beid Duchie; and, so privelegid and firaun- 
cfaised, to be letyn to the base tenauntez of tiie seid 
londea and tenementez, callid Copie-holde, or other by 
her assent, in like fourme as the same tenementez ar 
now holden ; alle whiche tenementez, callid Copie-hotde 
and Cbartre-bolde, and the seid feerde parte, ar specified 
in an inquisition, by force of certeynz lettres of the 
seid Cardinall directid to the Lord Bardolf and other, 
takyn the xviii day of May, the xviii yere of youre 



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reigne, remaynyng in your Treaoiy of your seid Ducbie. 
And also purveied and eavyd to alle youre liegez, and 
to icbe of hem, except the seid Feffeez, alle restitutioDs 
of londez, tenementez, rentez, reverfiioas, eerviceZ) ju- 
risdictioQB, liberteea, fraunchigez, fees, avousons, or pos- 
seBBiona, made by yow or by the seide Fefiees, of any 
parcell of the feffement aforeseid. And also, that all 
maner ^auntez of officez and fees, made by the seide 
Fefiees, by desire or commaundement of yov, Soverain 
Lord, to any of your liegez, of the seid cafitellez, ma- 
nerez, townez, lordschippez, bonurez, londea, tenementez, 
rentez, reversions, Berviceo, jurisdictiona, Ubertees, fraun- 
cbieez, fees, avooBons, or possesBions, or of any of hem, afore 
the XII day of Marcbe, aftur the first day of this present 
Psrlentent next fblowyng;, be good and effectuell; except 
all manor officez of officeree accomptable afore the seid 
XII day of Marcbe, oiade by the smde Fefieez. 
Resfonsio. — Le Roy le voet 



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RoluluB Parliainenti tcnti apiiil WcstmonastcTiuin Ticcsimo quinto 
die Fcbniarii, anno rcgni Regis Hcnrici Scxti post Conqumtum ciecsimo 



|£MORANDUM, quod, sexto die Aprilis 
aHDo regni dicti domini R^is vicesimo 
quarto, idem dominus Rex, de avisamento 
et assensu Dominorum Spiritualium et 
Temporalium, ac CommuDitatie regni Bui Angliie, in prse- 
senti Parliameoto existentium, auctoritate ejusdem Farlia- 
meoti ordinavit et conceasit, quod literse ipsiuB domini 
Regis patentes, tarn sub magno sigillo quam sub eigillo 
ducatuB Bui Lanc&Btrise, fiaut auctoritate Bupradicta in 
forma debita, juxta formam cujusdam cedulse in prssenti 
Parliameoto in prsesentia ipsius domini Reg^s, ac Domi- 
norum et CommunitatiB pnedictorum, lectie, auditee, et 
pleniuB intellects. Cujus tenor sequitur in haec verba: 

HENRICUS, Dei graUa, Rex Anglise et Frandse, et 
DominuB Hiberuiee, omnibus ad quos prteBentee 1iter2e per- 
veuerint, salutem. SciaUs, quod nos iospeximus literas 
nostras patentes sub sigillo ducatus nostri Lancastrise 
betas in haec verba: 

Henricue, Dei gratia, Rex Anglise et Franciae, et Do- 
minus Hiberni%, omnibus ad quos pneseutes liter» per- 
venerint) salutem. Sciatis, quod nos, ex certa scienUa 
et mero motu nostris, certis necessariia et notabilibus de 
cauBiB nos intime moventibus, aedimus, conceesimuB, et 
hac carta nostra confinoavimus, pro nobie et hseredibus 



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Roll of the Puliament holdco at WcetminBtcr on the twentj'fifth 
liay of Febniwy, in tlie twenlj-third year of the reign of King Henry 
tlic Sixth after the Conquest. 

i^E it remembered, (hat on tlie sixth day of April nti Apro, 
in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of our a.». i««. 
said lord the King, the same lord the King, kmlT^ 
by the advice and assent of the Lords I 
Temporal, and Conunons of his realm of I 
land, in the present Parliament assembled, ordained and ^^u> 
granted, by authority of the same Parliament, that letters ^^!Tk^ 
patent of Uie same lord the King be made In due form, 11^«'?- 
by the authority abovesaid, as well under the great seal tiu xise-. 
as under the seal of bis duchy of Lancaster, according fj!^,'^' 
to the form of a certain schedule read, heard, and very 
fully understood in the present Parliament, in the pre- 
sence of the same lord the King, and of the Lords and 
Commons aforesaid. The tenor whereof follows in these 
words: 

HENRY, by the grace of God, King of England and 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present 
letters shall come, greeting. Know ye, that we inspect- 
ed our letters patent made under the seal of our duchy 
of Lancaster in these words : 

Henry, by the grace of God, King of England and 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present 
letters shall come, greeting. Know ye, that we, of our 
certain knowledge and mere motion, for certain neces- 



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221 

Dostris, venerabilibus patribus JohanBi canJioali arc^ie- 
piscopo Eborum, Jofaamii archiepiscopo Cantuartenst ; 
Roberto Londonensi, Willielmo Lmcobensi, Willielmo 
Sarum, et ThomsB Batlionenn et WellenBi, episcopia; 
Henrico Northumbriee, et Willielmo Sufiblcife, comiti- 
bus; Jobaoni Carpenter electo WigorneDsis ecclenae; Jo- 
banni vicecomiti Beaumont; Waltero domino de Hud- 
gerford, Radulpho domino de Cromwell, et Radulpho 
domino de Seudeley; Jobanoi Somerset, Henrico Seuer, 
Johanni Langton, Ricardo Andrew, Adro Moleyna, Jo- 
banni de la Bere, Waltero Lybert^ et Waltero Sbiring- 
ton, clericie; Edmundo Hungerford, et Jobaoni Beau- 
cbamp, militibus; Jacobo Fenys, Edwardo Hull, Johanni 
Saintlo, Jobanni Hampton, Johanni Noreys, Willielmo 
Treeham, Johanni Vampage, et Ricardo Aired, armige- 
ris; castrum, manerium, et bundredum nostra de Higbam 
Ferrers, cmn pertinentiis ; maneria nostra de Raundes, 
Rnssheden, Caldecote, Irenchestre, Dayentre, et Des- 
burgb; molendina nostra de Dicbeford; ac omnia terras 
et tenementa, redditus et Berritia nostra, cum pertinenrii^ 
in Weldoa ; necnon omnia terras et tenements, cum per- 
tinentiis, quee nuper fuerunt Stephani Rumbilowe in Da- 
ventre preedicta; et omnia terras et tenementa, redditus 
et serritia noatra, cum pertinentiia, qiue nuper fuerunt Wil- 
lielmi Croiser militis, in Higbam Ferrers et Caldecote prse- 
dicta, in comitatu Nortbamtoniee ; — feodi firmam centom 
et viginti librarum villae de Gormoncbestre, feodi firmam 
quadraginta et trium librarum villse de Huntingdonia, 
et manerium de GUtton cum Holme, cum pertinentiia, 
in comitatu Huntingdonife ; — manerium de Wardyngton 
in comitatu BukinghamiGe ; — manerium de Aldehoum in 
comitatu Wiltesise; — maneria noatra de Aylesham, Wigh- 
ton, Snetesham, Fakenham, Gymyngbam,Tunstede, etThet^ 



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SSI 

saiy and notable causes inwardly moving us, have given, 
granted, and by this our charter have confinned, for ub 
and our heirs, to the venerable hthers, John cardinal 
archbishop of York, John archbishop of Canterbury, Ro- 
bert bishop of London, William bishop of Lincoln, William 
bishop of Salisbury, and Thomas bishop of Bath and 
Wells; Henry earl of Northumberland and William earl 
of Suffolk ; John Carpenter the elect of the church of 
Worcester ; John viscount Beaumopt ; Walter lord de Hun- 
gerford, Ralph lord de Cromwell, and Ralph lord de 
Sudley; John Somerset, Henry Seuer, John Langton, 
Richard Andrew, Adam Moleyns, John de la Bere, Walter 
Lyhert, and Walter Sbirington, clerks ; Edmund Hunger- 
ford and John Beaucbamp, knights; James Fenys, Ed- 
ward Hull, John Saintlo, John Hampton, John Noreyi^ 
WUiam TYeabam, John Vampage, and Richard Aired, 
esquires ; our casUe, manor, and hundred of Higham Fer- 
rers, with the appurtenances ; our manors of Raunds, 
Rnsbden, Caldecott^ Irchester, Daventry, and Deshorough; 
our mills of Dicheford ; and all our lands and tenements, 
rents and services, with tfae appurtenances, in Weldon; 
also all the lands and tenements, with the appurtenances, 
which were late of Stephen Rumbilowe in Daventry afore- 
said, and all our lands and tenements, rents and services, 
with the appurtenances, which were late of Sir William 
Croiser, knigbt, in Higham Ferrers and Caldecott aforesaid, 
in the county of Northampton ; — the fee-farm of one hun- 
dred and twenty pounds of tfae town of Godmancbester, 
the fee-form of forty-three pounds of the town of Hunt- 
ingdon, and the manor of Glatton with Holme, with 
the appurtenances, in the county of Huntingdon; — the 
manor of Wardyngton, in the county of Buckingham ; — the 
manor of Aldboum, in the county of Wilts ;^-our manors 



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ford, cam vi^nti et octo libris, sex Bolidis, et octo de- 
naiiis, de feodi firma prions et conventus moDachoTum 
de Thetford, et nunerium de Methewolde, cum terris 
et tenementis nostris vocatis Rodmere juxta Methevold; 
ac hundreda nostra de Nortberpyngfaam, Soutberpyog- 
ham, Gallowe, et Brothercrosse, cum pertinentiis, io co- 
mitatu Norffiildfe ; — maneria nostra de Hungerford, Esgara- 
toD, et Stauoden, cum pertinentiis, in comitatu Bercberiee ; 
' — et manerium nostruiade Soham, cum pertinentiis, in co- 
mitatu Caatabrigiee : — Habendum et tenendum omnia prse- 
dicta castrum, maneria, hameletta, feodi firmas, bundreda, 
molendina, terras, tenementa, redditus, et servitia, cum per- 
tinentiiB, una cum feodis militum, ac omnibus aliis proficuis 
et commoditatibus eisdem castro, maneriis, terris, et tene- 
mentis spectandbus sive pertjnentibus, eisdem cardinal!, 
archiepiscopo, episcopie, comitibus, Johanni, Johanni, Wal- 
tero, Hadulpbo, Radulpbo, Jobanni, Henrico, Jobanoi, 
Ricardo, Adie, Johanni, Waltero, Waltero, Edmundo, Jo- 
banbt, Jacobo, Edwardo, Johanni, Johanni, Jobanni, Wil- 
lielmo, Johanni, et Ricardo, baeredibua et assignatis suis, 
de nobis et hieredibus nostris, per fidelitatem tantum, abs- 
que aliquo alio nobb vel hseredibus nostris inde reddendo, 
in perpetuum. Salvia semper et reserratis, nobis et hse- 
redibus nostiis Ducibus Lancastriae, advocationibus eccle- 
siarum, abbatiarum, prioratuum, vicarianun, cantariamm, 
capellarum, hospitalium, et aliorum beneficiorum ecclesi- 
asUcorum quorumcunque, eisdem castro, maneriis, sive 
terris et tenementis, ullo modo spectantibus. Et nos et 
dicti hteredes nostri castrum, maneria, ac omnia singula 
prsemissa, cum pertinentiis, prsefatis cardinali, archiepi- 
scopo, episcopis, comitibus, Johanni, Johanni, Waltero, 
Radulpbo, Radulpbo, Johanni, Henrico, Johanni, Ricardo, 
Adee, Johanni, Waltero, Waltero, Edmundo, Johanni, Ja- 



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S3S 

of Aylsham, Wigbton, SnettiBham, Fakeuham, Giming- 
haiDt TuDBtead, aod Tbetford, vitb twenty-eight pounds 
six killings and eight-pence of the fee-farm of the 
prior and convent of monks of Thetford, and the ii|anor 
of Metbwold, with our lands and tenements called Kod- 
mere, near Methnold, and our hundreds of North Er- 
pingbam. South Erpingham, Gallov, and Brothercross, 
with the appurtenances, in the county of Norfolk ; — our 
manors of Hungerford, East Garston, and Staunden, with 
the appurtenances, in the county of Berks; — and our 
manor of Sobam, with the appurtenances, in the county of 
Cambridge : — To have and to hold all the aforesaid cas- 
tle, manors, hamlets, fee-farms, hundreds, mills, lands, 
tenements, rents, and servicea, with the appurtenances, 
together with the knights' fees, and all other profits 
and commodities belonging or pertaining to the same 
castle, manors, lands, and tenements, to the same car- 
dinal, archbishop, bishops, earls, John, John, Walter, 
Ralph, Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, Adam, John, 
Walter, Walter, Edmund, John, James, Edward, John, 
John, John, William, John, and Richard, tfaeir heirs and 
assigns, of us and our heirs for ever, by fealty only, 
without rendering to us or our heirs any other thing 
therefore. Saving always and reserved to us and our 
heirs Dukes of Lancaster, the advowsons of churches* 
abbeys, priories, vicarages, chantries, chapels, hospitals, 
and other ecclesiastical benefices whatsoever in anywise 
belonging to the same castle, manors, or lands and tene- 
ments. And we and our said heirs will warrant and de- 
fend against all men the castle, manors, and all and sin- 
gular the premises, with the appurtenances, to the aforesaid 
cardinal, archbishop, bishops, earls, John, John, Walter, 
Ralph, Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, Adam, John, 



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cobo, Edwardo, Johanni, Johanni, Johanni, WiUiebno, Jo- 
hanni, et Ricardo, bieredibus et aseignatis suia, contra omDes 
homines «arantizabimus et defoDdemus in perpetuum. Eo 
quod expressa mentlo de vero ralore annuo eoTumdem 
castri, maneriorum, hamelettorum, feodi finnarum, hun- 
dredorum, molendinorum, terrarum, tenementorum, red- 
dituum et serritiorum prtedictorum, et cffiterorum pne- 
misBOrum, «c per noa ad preesens datorum et coDcesBanun, 
ut pnefertur, aeu de allis donis, rebus, vel posse&sionibuB 
eiadem cardinali, ardiiepiscopo, episcopia, comitibus, Jo- 
banni, Jofaanni, Waltero, Radulpbo, Radulpbo, Johanni, 
HeoTicfs Johanni, Ricaido, Adie, Johanni, Walteros Wal- 
tero, Edmundo, Johanni, Jacoho, Edvardo, Johaimi, Jo- 
hanni, Johanni, Willielmo, Johanni, et Ricardo, aut eorum 
alicui, per noa, seu pnedecessorea nostixw vel progenitorea 
noBtroB, iactis sive concesEis, in pnesentibue juxta fomuud 
statuti inde editi facta non existit, Beu aliie cauais, ma- 
teriis, actibua, sive ordinationibus quibuscunque in con- 
tnrium editie, non obatanUbus. In cujus m testtmooium 
has literaa noBbas fieri fecimus patentee. Datro sub ai- 
giUo ducatus noatri Lancastrise, apud numerium noetnim de 
Shene, penultimo die NoTembria anno regni nostri vice- 
ei'no secundo. 

Inspeximns eUam quaadam alias literae nostras patentes 
sub sigillo noetro ducatus nostri Lancastriie foctas in hsec 
verba: 

Henricua, Dei gratia. Rex Anglis et Francise, et Do- 
rainus Hibernise, omnibus ad quos priesentes liters per- 
venerint^ Balutem. Sciatis, quod nos, es certa scientia et 
mero motu nostris, certis oecessarib et notabihbus de 
causis noB intime moventibus, dedimaa, concessimus, et 
hac carta nostra confirmaTimus, pro nobis et haeredibua 
nostris, venerabilibus patribus Johanni cardinali arehie- 



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2SS 

Walter, Walter, Edmund, John, James, Edward, John, 
JohO} John, William, John, and Richard, their heirs and 
asBigns for ever. Notwithstanding that express mention 
is not made in these presents, according to the form 
of the statute in that behalf made, of the true yearly 
value of the same castle, manors, bamlets, fee-farms, hun- 
dreds, mills, lands, tenements, rents and serrices afore- 
sud, and other the premises, so by us now given and 
granted, as is aforesaid, or of other gifts, things, or pos- 
sessioDs made or granted by us, or our predecessors^ 
or our progenitors, to the same cardinal, archbishop, 
bishops, earls, John, Jofan, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, John, 
Henry, John, Richard, Adam, John, Walter, Walter, Ed- 
mund, John, James, £>lward, John, Jobo, John, William, 
John, and Richard, or either of them, or notwithstand- 
ing any other causes, matters, acts, or ordinances what- 
soever passed to the contrary. In witness whereof we 
have caused these our letters to be made patenL Given 
under the seal of our duchy of Lancaster, at our manor 
of Sheen, on the last day but one of November in the 
twenty-second year of our reign. 

We have also inspected certain other our letters patent 
made under our seal of our duchy of Lancaster in these 
words: 

Henry, by the grace of God, King of England and 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the pre- 
sent letters shall come, greeting. Know ye, that we, 
of our certun knowledge and mere motion, for certun 
necessary and notable causes inwardly moving us, have 
given, granted, and by this our charter have confirmed, 
for us and our heirs, to the venerable fathers John car- 
dinal archbishop of York, John archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Robert bishop of London, William bishop of Lin- 



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8S4 

piscopo Eborum, Johanni archiepiscopo Cantuariensi ; Ro- 
berto Londonenei, Willielmo Lincolnenai, Willielmo Sa- 
rum, Thomae Bathonensi et WelleoBi, ac Johanni Wigor- 
oensi, episcopis; Henrico Northumbriae, et Willielmo Suf- 
fold^ comiUbus; Jobanni Ticecomiti Beaumont; Waltero 
domino de Hungerford, Radulpho domino de Cromwell, et 
Radulpho domino de Seudeley ; Jofa&nni Somerset, Hen- 
rico Seller, Jobanni Langtoo, Ricardo Androwe, Adce Mo- 
leyns, Jotanm de la Bere, Waltero Lyhert, et Walter» Sbi- 
rington, clericis ; Edmundo HungerfDrd et Johanni Beau- 
cbamp, militibue ; Jacobo Fenye, Edwardo Hull, Jobanni 
Saintlo, Jobanni Hampton, Johanni tionjs, Willielmo 
Tresbam, Johanni Vampage, et Ricardo Aired, armigeris; 
maneria de Somboum, Weston-Hertley, et Langstok^ cum 
pertinentiis, in comitatu Suthamtonise; — maneria de Everley, 
Colyngbum, Trowbrigge, Berewyk, et Estertan, cum per- 
tinentiis, in comitatu Wilteuee ; — maaerium de CbepyDg> 
lambume, cum pertinentiis, in comitatu Bercheri» ; — ma^ 
neria de Kyngeaton Lacy, Wymbome, Blanford, et Shap- 
wyke, cum pertinentiis, in comitatu DorsetJEe; — manerium 
de Mynstreworth, cum perUneutiis, in comitatu Glouces- 
triasj — manerium de Hodenak, cum pertinenUis, in marcbiis 
Walliae ; — manerium et socam de Soaytb, cum pertinentiis, 
in comitatu Eborum : — Habendum et tenendum omnia prae- 
dicta maneria et socam, cum pertinentiis euis quibuscun- 
que, una cum feodis militum ac omnibus. aliis proficuis et 
commoditatibus prsedictis maneriis et socio spectantibus sive 
pertinentibuB, eisdem cardinali, archiepiscopo, episcopis, co- 
mitibus, Johanni, Waltero, Radulpho, Radulpho, Jobanni, 
Henrico, Johanni, Ricardo, Adae, Johanni, Waltero, Wal- 
tero, Edmundo, Johanni, Jacobo, Edwardo, Johanni, Jo- 
hanni, Jobanni, Willielmo, Johanni, et Ricardo, bioredihus 
et aseigDatts suis, de nobis et haeredibus noatris, per fide- 



^d by Google 



884 

coin, William bishop of Salisbury, Thomas biahop of 
Bath and Wells, and John bishop of Worcester; Henry 
earl of Northumberland and William earl of Suffolk; 
John viscount Beaumont; Walter lord de Hungerford, 
Ralph lord de Cromwell, and Ralph lord de Sudley; 
John Somerset, Henry Seuer, John Langton, Richard 
Andrewe, Adam Moleyns, John de la Ber^ Walter Ly- 
hert, and Walter Shirington, clerks; Edmund Hunger- 
ford and John Beaucbamp, knights ; James Fenys, Ed- 
ward Hull, John Saintlo, John Hampton, John Noreys, 
William Tresham, John Vampage, and Richard Aired, 
esquires; the manors of Somhoum, Weston-Hartley, and 
Longstock, with the appurtenances, in the county of 
Southampton ; — the manors of Everley, Collingbounie, 
Trowbridge, Berwick, and Eketerton, with the appur- 
tenances, in the county of Wilts; — the manor of Chip- 
ping Lamboum, with the appurtenances, in the county 
of Berks; — the manors of Kingston Lacy, Wimbome, 
Blandford, and Shapwick, with the appurtenances, in 
the county of Dorset; — the manor of Minsterworth, with 
the appurtenances, in the coimty of Gloucester;— the 
manor of Hodenak, with the appurtenances, in the Marches 
of Wales; — the manor and soke of Snaitb, with the ap- 
purtenances, in the county of York: — To have and to 
hold all the aforesaid manors and sok^ with whatso- 
ever their appurtenances, together with the knights' fees, 
and all other profits and commodities belonging or ap- 
pertaining to the aforesaid manors and soke, to the same 
cardinal, archbishop, bishops, earls, John, Walter, Ralph, 
Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, Adam, John, Walter, 
Walter, Edmund, John, James, Edward, John, John, John, 
William, John, and Rjchard, and to their heirs and assigns, 
of us and our heirs for ever, by fealty only, without ren- 



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aas 

liUtom tantunv absque altquo alio nobis vel hsredibus 
DOBtriB iode reddendo, in perpetuum. Salvis semper et 
reseiratis, nobis et hseredibus noBtris Ducibus Lancas- 
trian advocaUonibuB ecclesiarum, prioratuum, abbatJarum, 
Ticariarum, cantariarum, capellarum, hospitalium, et alio- 
rom beneficaoTum ecclesiasticonim quorumcunque, eisdem 
maneriis et soc^ cum pertinentiifl} nllo modo spectantibus. 
Et noB et dicti baeredes nostri maneria et socam, ac omnia 
et singula prsemissa cum pertinentiis, profiitis cardinali, 
archiepiscopo, episcopis, comitibusi Jofaanni» Waltero, Ra- 
dulpbo, Raduipbo, Jobanni, Henrico, Johanni, Bicardo, 
Adffi, Jobanni, Waltero, Waltero, Edmundo, Jobanoi, Ja- 
cobo, Edwardo, Jobanni, Jobanni, Johanni, Willielmo, Jo~ 
hanni, et Ricardo, bsredibua et asaignatie suis, contra 
omnes homines warantizabimus et defendemus in perpe- 
tuum. Eo quod ezpressa mentio de Tero valore annuo 
eorumdem maneriorum et soceb, ac cieterorum prsemia- 
Borum aic per nos ad prsesens datorum et concessorum, 
ut prsefertur, sen de aliis donie, rebus, vel possessioni- 
bus eiedem cardinali, archiepiscopo, episcopis, comitibus, 
Johanni, Waltero, Radulpho, Radulpho, Johanni, Henrico, 
Johanni, Ricardo, Adse, Johanni, Waltero, Waltero, Ed- 
mundo, Jobanni, Jacobo, Edwardo, Johanni, Jobanni, Jo- 
banni, Witlielmo, Johanni, et Ricardo, aut eorum alicui, 
per noB sen prtedecessores Tel progenitores nostros, factis 
sive coDceBsis, in prasentibus juxta formam statuti inde 
editi facta Don existit^ aeu aliis causis, materiis, acdbus, 
sive ordinationibus quJbuscunque in contrarium editis, 
facUs, sive habitiS) non obstantibus. In cujuB rei testi- 
monium bas literas nostras fieri fecimus patentes. Datas 
sub si^llo nostro ducatus nostri Lancastri», apud mane- 
rium nostrum de Shene, sepdmo die Julii anno re^i 
nostri vicesimo secundo. 



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dering to us or our heire any other thing therefore. Saving 
alwaya and reaeired to us and to our heirs Dukes of Lan- 
caster the advowsons of cburchee, priories, abbeys, vi- 
carages, chantries, chapels, hoepitalst and other ecclesias- 
tical benefices whatsoever in anywise belonging to the 
same manors and soke, with their appurtenances. And 
we and our said heirs will warrant and defend against 
all men the manors and soke, and all and singular the 
premises, with the appurtenances, to the aforesaid car> 
dinal, archbishop, bisbope, earls, John, Walter, Ralph, 
Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, Adam, John, Walter, 
Walter, Edmund, John, James, Edward, John, Jobn, John, 
William, John, and Richard, their heirs and assigns for 
ever. Notwithstanding that express mention is not 
made in these presents, according to the form of the 
statute in that behalf made, of the true yearly value of 
the same manors and soke, and of tfae rest of the pre- 
mises, so by us now ^ven and granted, as is aforesaid, 
or of other gift«, things, or possessions made or granted 
by us or our predecessors or progenitors to the same 
cardinal, archbbhop, bishops, earls, Jobn, Walter, Ralph, 
Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, Adam, John, Walter, 
Walter, Edmund, John, James, Edward, John, John, 
John, William, Jobn, and Richard, or any one of them, 
or notwithstanding any other causes, matters, acts, or 
ordinances whatsoever had, made, or passed to the con- 
trary. In witness whereof we have caused these our 
letters to be made patent Given under our seal of 
our duchy of Lancaster, at our manor of Sheen, on the 
seventh day of July in the twenty-second year of our 
reign. 

We have inspected, moreover, other our letters patent 
made under our seal of our said duchy in these words : 



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8S6 

Inspeximua insuper sliaa literas noBtras patentes sub 
sigillo Dostro dicU ducatus nostri factas in heec verba : 

HenricuB, Dei gratia, Rex Angliee et Franciae, et Do- 
minus Hibernise, omnibua ad quos prassentes liters per- 
Tenerint, salutem, Sciatis, quod iios, ex certa scientia 
et mero motu Doetris, certis necessariis et Dotabilibus de 
cauais nos intime moventibue, dedimua, concessimus, et 
hac prsesenti carta nostra confirmaTimus, pro nobis et 
bieredibus nostris, venerabilibus patribus Johanni cardi- 
nal! archiepificopo Eborum, Johanni archiepiscopo Can- 
tuariensi ; Roberto Londonensii Willielmo Lincolnensi, 
Willielmo Sarum, Tboms Batbonensi et Wellensi, et Jo- 
hanni Wigornensi, episcopis; Willielmo marcbioni Su£- 
folciee; Henrico comiti Northumbriae; Johanni vicecomiti 
Beaumont; Waltero domino de Hungerford, Radulpho do- 
mino de Cromwell, et Radulpho domino de Seudeley ; Jo- 
hanni Somersette, Henrico Seuer, Johanni Langton, Ri. 
cardo Andrewe, Adse Moleyns, Johanni de la Bere, Wal- 
tero Lyhert, et Waltero Shirington, clericis; Edmundo 
Hungerford, Johanni Beauchamp, Jacobo Fenys, et £d- 
wardo Hull, militibus; Johanni Saintlo, Johanni Hamp- 
ton, Jofaanni Noreys, Willielmo Tresham, Johanni Vam- 
page, et Hicardo Aired, annigeris ; manerium et dominium 
de Bernolwyke, cum pertinentiis, in comitatu Eborum; ma- 
nerium de Kylborn, cum pertinentiis, in eodem comitatu ; 
feodi firmam Tocatam Whitgif^ cum pertinentiis, in co- 
mitatu praedicto: — Habendum et tenendum omnia prm- 
dicta maneria, dominium, et feodi firmam, cum pertinen- 
tiis suis quibuscunque, una cum feodis militum et om- 
nibus aliis proficuis et commoditatibus prfedictie maneriis, 
dominio, et feodi firmse spectantibuB sive pertinentibus, 
eisdem cardinal!, archiepiscopo, episcopis, marchioni, co- 
miti, Johanni, Waltero, Radulpho, Radulpho, Johanai, 



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Henry, bjr the grace of God, King of England and 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to «bont the pre- 
sent letters ahall come, greeting. Know ye, that we, 
of our certain knowledge and mere motion, for certain 
necessary and notable causes inwardly moving us, have 
given, granted, and by this our present charter have 
confirmed, for us and our heirs, to the venerable fathers 
John cardinal archbishop of York, John archbishop of 
Canterbury, Robert bishop of l.ondon, William bishop 
of Lincoln, William bishop of Salisbury, Thomas bishop 
of Bath and Wells, and John bishop of Worcester ; Wil- 
liam marquis of Sufiblk; Henry earl of Northumberland; 
John viscount Beaumont; Walter lord de Hungerford, 
Ralph lord de Cromwell, and Ralph lord de Sudley ; John 
Somersette, Henry Seuer, John Langton, Richard An- 
drewe, Adam Moleyns, John de la Bere, Walter Lyhert, 
and Walter Shirington, clerks; Edmund Hungerford, John 
Beauchamp, James Fenys, and Edward Hull, knights; John 
Saiutlo, John Hampton, John Noreys, William Tresham, 
John Vampage, and Richard Aired, esquires; the manor 
and lordship of Bamoldwick, with the appurtenances, in 
the county of York ; the manor of Ktlbum, with the appur- 
tenances, in the same county; the fee-farm called Whitgifl, 
with the appurtenances, in the aforesaid country : — To have 
and to hold all the aforesaid manors, lordship, and fee-farm, 
with whatsoever their appurtenances, together with the 
knights' fees, and all other profits and commodities be- 
longing or appurtenant to the aforesaid manors, lordship, 
and fee-farm, to the same cardinal, archbishop, bishops, 
marquis, earl, John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, John, Henry, 
John, Richard, Adam, John, Walter, Walter, Edmund, 
John, James, Edward, John, John, John, William, John, 
and Richard, their heirs and assigns, of us and our hrirs 
8 w 



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2S7 

Henrico, Jobanni, Ricardo, Ad2e, Johanni, Waltero, Wal- 
tero, Edmundo, Johanni, Jacobo, Edwardo, Johanni, Jo- 
hanni, Johanni, Willielmo, Johanni, et Ricardo, hsredibus 
et asngnatiB Buia, de nobis et heeredibua noatris, per fideli- 
tatem tantum, absque aliquo alio nobis vel heeredibus oos- 
tris inde reddendo, in perpetuum. Salvia semper et reaer- 
vatis, nobis et hseredibus nostris Ducibus Lancastriie, ad- 
vocadonibuB ecclesianim, abbatiarum, prioratuum, vica- 
rianun, cantariamm, capellaruni, bospitalium, et alionim 
beneficionim eccledaadcoruin quonimcunque, ^adem ma^ 
neriis, dominio, et feodi firmee, cum pertinentiis, ullo modo 
spectantibua. Et oos et dicti hasredes nostri maneria, do- 
minium, et feodi firmam, ac omnia et nngula pnemissa, 
cum pertJoentiis, priefatis cardinali, arcbiepiecopo, episco- 
pis, marchiooi, comtti, Johanni, Waltero, Radulpho, Ra- 
dulpho, Johanni, Henrico, Johanni* Ricardo, Adee, Jo- 
hanni, Waltero, Waltero, Edmundo, Johanni, Jacobo, Ed- 
wardo, Johanni, Johanni, Johanni, Willielmo, Johanni, et 
Ricardo, hseredibus et asaignads suis, contra omoee gentes 
warandzabimuB et defendemus in perpetuum. Eo quod 
expressa mentio de vero valore annuo eorumdem mane- 
riorum, dominii, et feodi firmse, ac cseterorum pnemiasorum 
wc per noB ad prseaenB datonmi et conceBSonun, ut prae- 
fertur, aeu de altie donis, rebus, vel poesesBiontbus etsdem 
cardinali, archiepiscopo, episcopis, marchioni, comiti, Jo- 
hanni, Waltero, Radulpho, Radulpho, Johanni, Henrica^ 
Johanni, Ricardo, Adse, Johanni, Waltero, Waltero, Ed- 
mundo, Johanni, Jacobo, Edwardo, Johanni, Johanni, Jo- 
hanni, Willielmo, Johanni, et Ricardo, aut eorum aliciu, 
per noB sen prsedecessores vel progenitores nostros factia 
sire concessis, in praesentibus juxta formam statuti inde 
editi facta noo existit, aeu aliis causis, materiis, actibus, 
sive ordinationibus quibuscunque in coutrarium factis, edi- 



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«27 

for ever, b; fealty oa\y, without rendering to ub or our 
heirs any other thing therefore. Saving aJways and re- 
served to us and to our heirs Dukea of Lancaster the 
advowBODs of churches, abbeys, priories, vicarages* 
chautriea, chapels, hospitals, and other ecclenasttcal b^ 
nefices whatsoever, in any manner belonging to the aame 
manors, lordship, aod fee-farm, with their appurtenances. 
And we and our said heirs will warrant and defend againat 
all people the manors, lordship, and fee-farm, and all 
and singular the premises, with their appurtenances, to 
the aforesaid cardinal, arcbbiabop, bishops, marquis, earl, 
John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, 
Adam, John, Walter, Walter, Edmund, John, James, Ed> 
ward, John, John, John, William, John, and Richard, 
dneir heirs and assigns for ever. Notwithstanding that 
express mention is not made in these presents, accord- 
ing to the form of the statute in that behalf made, of 
the true annual value of the some manors, lordship, and 
fee-farm, and other the premises, so by us now given 
and granted, as it aforesaid, or of other gifts, things 
or possessions made or granted by us or our prede- 
cessors or progenitors to the same cardtual, arcbbiabop, 
bishops, marquis, earl, John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, 
John, Henry, John, Richard, Adam, John, Walter, 
Walter, Edmund, John, James, Edward, John, John, 
John, William, John, and Richard, or any one of them, 
or notwithstanding other causes, matters, acts, or ordt* 
nances whatsoever made, passed, or bad to tbe contrary. 
In witness whereof we have caused these our letters 
to be made patent Given under our seal of our duchy 
of I>ancaster, at our castle of Windsor, on the twenty- 
third day of February in the twenty-third year of our 
reign. 



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tis, Bive babitis, hoq obstantibus. In cujus lei testimo- 
nium bas literas nostraa fieri fecimua patentes. Date 
sub sigillo nostro ducatus nostri Lancastrin, apud castrum 
nostnun de Wyndesore, riceumo tertio die Febnivii anno 
legni nostri ricesimo tertio. 

Inspeximus etiam alias Uteres nostras pateotes sub s- 
gillo noetro dicti ducatus nostri factae in bsc verba : 

Henricus, Dei gratia. Rex Anglis et Franose^ et Do- 
nunus HibernifB, omnibus ad quos prsesentes liter» per- 
Tenerint, salutem. Scuatis, quod nos, ex certa sdeotia et 
mero motu nostris, certis necessariis et notalnlibus de 
cauua DOS intime moventibus, dedimu^ concesumus, et 
hac pneseoti carta nostra confirmavimus, pro nobis et 
beeredibuB DOstris, venerabilibus patribue JobanDi cardi- 
nali archiepiscopo Eborum, Johanni archiepiscopo Can- 
tuarieosi ; Roberto Londonensi, Willielmo Liocolnenai, 
Willielmo Sarum, Hiomse Batbonensi et WellenM, ac Jo- 
hanni Wigomensi, epiecopia; Willielmo marchioni Suf- 
folciffi; Henrico Northumbriee comiti; Jobanni vicecomiti 
Beaumont; Waltero domino de Hungerford, Radulpbo do- 
mino de Cromwell, et Radulpbo de Seudeley ; Johanni So- 
merset, Henrico Seuer, Johanni Langton, Ricardo An- 
drewe, Adas Moleyns, Johanni de la Here, Waltero Lybert, 
et Waltero Sbirington, clericis ; Edmundo Hungerford, Jo- 
hanni Beaucbamp, Jacobo Fenye, et Edwardo Hull, mili- 
tibus; Johanni Saintlo» Johanni Hampton, Jobanni Noreys, 
Willielmo Treeham, Johanni Vampage, et Ricardo Aired, 
armigerifi ; castra, dominia, et maneria de Keawelly, Kair- 
kenny, Iskenoy, et Kamwalthan, cum membris et perti- 
nentiis euis; castrum, manerium, et dominium de Ogge- 
more, cum membris et pertinentiis suis; castra, dominia, 
et maneria de Motinemoutb, Grosaemont, Skenfrith, et 
Wfaitecastell, cum membria et pertinentiis suis ; et manerium 



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We hare also inspected other our letters pateot made 
under our seal of our said duchy in these words : 

Henry, by the grace of God, King of England and 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the pre- 
sent letters shall come, greeting. Know ye, that we, of 
our certain knowledge and mere motion, for certain ne- 
cessary and notable causes inwardly moving us, have 
given, granted, and by this our present charter have 
confirmed, for us and our heirs, to the venerable fathers» 
John cardinal archbishop of York, John archbishop of 
Canterbury, Robert bishop of I.ondon, William bishop 
of Lincoln, William bishop of Salisbury, Thomas bishop 
of Bath and Wella, and John bishop of Worcester ; Wil- 
liam marquis of Suffolk ; Henry earl of Northum- 
berland; John viscount Beaumont; Walter lord de Hun- 
gerford, Ralph lord de Cromwell, and Ralph lord de 
Sudley; John Somerset, Henry Seuer, John Langton, 
Richard Andrewe, Adam Moleyns, John de la Ber^ 
Walter Lyhert, and Walter Shirington, clerks; Edmund 
Hungerford, John Beancbamp, James Fenys, and Ed- 
ward Hull, knights; John Saintio, John Hampton, John 
Noreys, William Treebam, John Vampage, and Richard 
Aired, esquires; the castles, lordships, and manors of 
Kidwelly, Kiurkenny, Iskenny, and Karnwalthan, with 
their members and appurtenances; the castle, manor, and 
lordship of Ogmore, with its members and appurtenances; 
the castles, lordships, and manors of Monmouth, Gros- 
mont, Skenfretb, and Whitecaatle, with their members and 
appurtenances; and the manor or lordship of Ebboth 
with its members and appurtenances, in South Wales 
and the Marches of the same ; — the castle, lordship, 
manor, and honor of Pevensey, with its members and 
appurtenances, in the county of Sussex; — the lordship, 



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M9 

give dominium de EbboUi, cum membris et pertinentiis 
suis, in Suthwallia et marchiis ejusdem; — castrum, domi- 
niiun, manerium, et honorem de Pevenesey, cum membris et 
pertinentiis suis, in comitatu Sussexice ;— dominium, mane- 
rium, et TilUm de Beeton super mare, cum membris et per- 
tinentiis suis, in comitatu NorfFoltns ;^-caetrum, domiDiam, 
et manerium de Casteldonyngton, cum membris et perti- 
nentiis euis, in comitatu I^tcefltriro; — feoda comitatuam 
Lincolniae et Derbei^, cum pertinentiis suis; — castnun, 
▼illam, dominium, manerium, et honorem de Tikbill, com 
membris et pertinentiis suis, in comitatu Eborum:— Ha- 
bendum et tenendum omnia prcedicta castra, dominia, 
villas, maneria, et bonores, et feoda comitatuum, cum mem- 
bris et perdnentiis suis quibuscunque, una cum feodis mi- 
litum et omnibus aliis proficuia et commoditatibus eisdem 
castris, dominiis, villis, maneriis, bonoribus, et feodis co- 
mitatuum epectantibuB sive pertinentibua, eiadem cardi- 
nali, arcbiepiscopo, episcopis, marcbioni, comiti, Jobanni, 
Waltero, Radulphcs Radulpho, Jobanni, Henrico, Jobanni, 
Ricardo, Adfc, Jobanni, Waltero, Waltero, Edmundo, Jo- 
banni, Jacobo, £dward(^ Jobanni, Jobanni, Jobanni, WiX- 
lielmo, Johauni, et Ricardo, hseredibua et assignatis sui^ 
per fidelitatem tantum, absque aliquo alio nobis vel bee- 
redibus nostris inde reddendo^ in perpetuum. Salvis sem- 
per et reservatis, nobis et bceredibus nostris Dudbus Lan- 
castrise, advocationibus ecclesiarum, abbatiarum, priora- 
tuum, vi can arum, cantariarum, capellarum, boepitalium, 
et aliorum beneficiorum ecclesiasticorum quommcunque, 
eisdem castris, dominiis, villis, maneriis, bonoribus, et 
feodis comitatuum, cum membris et pertinentiis suis, ullo 
modo spectantibus. Et nos et dicti hEeredes nostri castra, 
dominia, villas, maneria, bonores, et feoda comitatuum, ac 
omnia et singula prsmisBa, cum pertinentiis, prse&ttis car- 



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8S9 

manor, and town of Beeston on the Sea, with its mem- 
bers and appurtenancee, in the county of Norfolk ; — the 
castle, lordship, and manor of Castle Donington, with 
its members and appurtenances, in the count; of Leices- 
ter;— the fees of the counties of Lincoln and Derby, 
with their appurtenances; — the castle, town, lordship, 
manor, and honor of Tickhill, with its members and ap- 
purtenances, in the county of York: — To have and to 
hold all the aforesaid castles, lordships, towns, manors, 
and honors, and fees of counties, with whatsoever their 
members and appurtenances, together with the knights' 
fees, and all other profits and commodities belonging 
or appertaining to the same castles, lordships, towns, 
manors, honors, and fees of counties, to the same car- 
dinal, archbishop, bishops, marquis, earl, John, Walter, 
Ralph, Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, Adam, John, 
Walter, Walter, Edmund, John, James, Edward, John, 
John, John, William, John, and Richard, their heirs 
and assigns for ever, by fealty only, without rendering 
to us or our heirs any other thing therefore. Saving 
always and reserved to us and to our heirs Dukes of 
Lancaster the advowsons of churches, abbeys, priories, 
vicarages, chantries, chapels, hospitals, and other ecde- 
uastical benefices whatsoever, in any manner belonging 
to the same castles, lordships, towns, manors, honors 
and fees of counties, with their members and appurte- 
nances. And we and our sud heirs will warrant and 
defend against all people the castles, lordships, towns, 
manors, honors, and fees of counties, and all and sin. 
gular the premises, with their appurtenances, to the 
aforesaid cardinal, archbishop, bishops, marquis, earl, 
John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, 
Adam, John, Walter, Walter, Edmuud, John, James, Ed- 



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dinali, archiepiscopo, «pi8co[ue, marcbioni, craniti, Johamii, 
Waltero, Radulpbo, Radulpbo, Johanni, Henrico, Johanni, 
Uicardo, Ad», Johanni, Waltero, Waltero, Edmundo, Jo- 
banni, Jacobo^ Edwardo, Johanni, Johaoni, Johanni, WiU 
lielmo, Johanni, et Ricardo, bieredihnB et assignatiH suis, 
contra omnes gentea varantizabimua et defendemus in per^ 
petuum. Eo quod expressa mentio de Toro valoie annuo 
eonimdem castrorum, dominiorum, vilUrum, manerionim, 
boDonnu, et feodorum comitatuum, ac caeterorum praemis- 
Borum, ac per nos ad preesens datonim et concessonun, ut 
pnefertur, aeu de aliis doniB, rebus, vel poseeswonibua 
eisdem cardinali, archiepiecopo, episcopis, marchioni, co- 
miti, Johanni, Waltero, Radulpho, Radulpbo, Johanni, 
Henrico, Johanni, Ricardo, Adse, Johanni, Waltero, Wal- 
tero, Edmundo, Johanni, Jacobo, Edwardo, Johanni, Jo- 
hanni, Johanni, Willielmo, Johanni, et Ricardo, aut eorum 
alicui, per nos seu prffideceseores vel progenitores nostroa 
factJB sive conceBsis, in praBsentibus juxta fonnam statud 
iode ediU facta non existit, seu aliis cau^s, materiis, ac- 
tibus, sive ordinatioaibuB quibuecunque in contrarium factia, 
ediUs, sive habitia, non obatantibua. In cujus rei teatimo- 
nium has Uteras noatras fieri fecimus patentes. Dats 
sub eigillo noatro ducatus nostri LAncastriee, apud castrum 
nostrum de Wyndesore, viceaimo nono die Junii anno regni 
nostri ricesimo tertio. 

Nos autem literas nostras prffidictas, praefatis cardtnali, 
archiepiacopo, epiacopis, Johanni Carpenter nunc epiacopo 
Wigomenai, Adse Moleyns nunc episcopo Cicestrenai, Wal- 
tero Lyhert nunc epiacopo Norwicensi ; Willielmo comiti 
SuffolciEo nunc marchioni Snffolciae; Henrico comiU Nor- 
thumbriae; Johanni vicecomiti Beaumont; Waltero domino 
de Hungerford, Radulpbo domino de Cromwell, Radulpbo 
domino de Seudeley; Johanni Somerset, Henrico Seuer, 



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«80 

ward, John, John, Jobn, William, John, and Richard, 
their heirs and assigna (or ever. Notwithstanding that 
express mentioQ is not made in these presenta, accord' 
ing to the form of the statute in that behalf made, 
of the true yearly value of the same caatles, lordships, 
towns, manors, honors, and fees of counties^ and other 
the premises, so by us now given and granted, as is 
aforesaid, or of other gifU, things, or poBsessioos made 
or granted by us or our predecessors or progenitora to 
the same cardinal, archbishop, bishops, marquis, earl, 
John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, 
Adam, John, Walter, Walter, Edmund, John, James, Ed- 
ward, John, John, John, William, John, and Richard, or 
any of them, or notwithstanding other causes, matters, 
acts, or ordinances whatsoever made, passed, or had to 
Uie contrary. In witness whereof, we have caused these 
our letters to be made patent Given under our seal 
of our duchy of Lancaster, at our castle of Wndsor, on 
the twenty-ninth day of June in the twenty-third year 
of our reign. 

NOW we, with the assent of the Lords Spiritual and 
Temporal, and Commons, of our realm of England, in 
our present Parliament assembled, do ratify, confirm, and 
approve, by the authority of the same Parliament, our 
aforesaid letters, made, as is aforesaid, to the aforesaid 
cardinal, archbishop, bishops, John Carpenter now bishop 
of Worcester, Adam Moleyns now bishop of Chichester, 
Walter Lyhert now bishop of Norwich ; William earl 
of Suffolk now marquis of Suffolk; Henry earl of 
Northumberland; John viscount Beaumont; Walter lord 
de Hungerford, Ralph lord de Cromwell, Ralph lord 
de Sudley; John Somerset, Henry Seuer, John Lang- 
ton, Richard Andrew, John de la Bere, and Walter Shi- 



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SSI 
Johanoi Langtoo, Ricardo Andrew, Johanni de U Bere, M 
Waltero Sbtrington, clerioB; E^mundo Hungerford, et Jo- 
hanni Beaucbamp, militibus; Jacobo Fenya nunc mibli, 
Edwardo Hull nunc militi; Jobanni Saintlo, Jobanni 
Hampton, Jobanni Noreys, Willielmo Treaham, Jobanni 
Vanipage, et Ricardo Aired, armigeris, ut pnedicitur, fac- 
taa, ex aaBensu Domiaorum Spiritualium et Temporalium, 
ac ConununitatiB regni nostri Angliee, in prsesenti Parlia- 
mento noetro exiatentiuiD, aoctoritate ejuBdem Parliamenti, 
ratificamuB, confirmamug, et approbamus ; ac omnia et sin- 
gula caatre, dominia, maneria, hameletta, feodi firmas, hun- 
dreda, molendina, terras, tenementa, redditus, servitia, bo- 
nores, villas, socas, et feoda comitatuum, ac cKtera pne- 
misaa, in eisdem literis noBtris contenta, nominata, uve 
epecjficata, eisdem cardinali, arcbiepiscopo, episcopis, mar- 
chioni, comtti, Jobanni, Waltero, Radulpbo, Radulpbo, Jo- 
banni, Henrico, Jobanni, Ricardo, Johanni, Waltero, Ed- 
mundo, Ji^nnt, Jacobo^ Edwardo, Jolianni, Jobanni, Jo- 
banni, WiUieltno, Jobanni, et Ricardo, auctoritate prsedicta, 
damus et concedimua per pneeeDtes. Habenda sibi, be- 
redibue et aeeignatis suia in perpetuum, ad per6(uendum 
et perimplendum roluntatem nostram de et BUper dispou- 
tione eonimdem castrorum, dominiorum, manerionim, ha- 
melettorum, feodi firmarum, faundredorum, molendinorum, 
terranim, et tenementorum, reddituum, servitiorum, bo- 
nonim, villarum, eocarum, et feodorum comitatuum, ac 
cseteronim pnemissorum, per noa in poaterum fiendam 
et ordinandam, eisdem feo&tis nostris praedictis, ex parte 
nostra declaraodam et noUficandam. Salvia qutbuscunque 
ligeis noatris statu, poaaessione, jure, titulo, et interessa 
suia, ac vadiia, feodia, annuitatibus, custodiis, ofSciia, et 
firmis quibuscunque in aeu de dicto ducatu nostro Lan- 
caatrise, aut aliqua parcella praemissoruin, si quee habeant 
in eisdem. 



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rington, clerks; Edmund Hungerford and John Beau- 
chunp, knighU ; James Fenys now knight, Edward 
Hull now knight; John Saintlo, John Hampton, John 
NoreyB, William Tresbani, John Vampage, and Richard 
Aired, esquires ; and do give and grant by these pre- 
sents, with the authority aforesud, all and singular the 
castles, lordships, manors, hamlets, fee-fiinns, hundreds, 
mills, lands, tenements, rents, services, honors, towns, 
sokes, and fees of counties, and the rest of the premises, 
contained, named, or specified in our same letters, unto 
the same cardinal, archbiafaop, hishope, marquis, earl, 
John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, John, Henry, John, Richard, 
John, Walter, Exlmund, John, James, Edward, John, John, 
John, William, John, and Richard : To have to them, their 
heirs and assigns for ever, to do and fulfil our will, by us 
hereafter to he made and orduned, and to he declared 
. and notified on our behalf to our aforesaid feoffees, upon 
and concerning the disposition of the same castles, lord- 
ships, manors, hamleta, fee-farms, hundreds, mills, lands 
and tenements, rents, services^ honors, towns, sokes, and 
fees of counties, and the rest of the premises. Saving to all 
our lieges whomsoever their estate, poBsession, right, title, 
and interest, and whatsoever their wages, fees, annuities, 
wardships, offices, and farms in or of our said duchy of 
Lancaster, or of any parcel of the premises, if they have 
any in the same. 



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Petitio in Pulumento tento Bimo rcgni Regis Hcnrici Snti post Coa- 
questiua Ticesiino eeptimo. 

SOIT BAILLE AS SeIONEURS. 

Bi oiMiuu 1^^*^^ HE King willeth that bis lettres patentee suf- 
fident in Uw^ be made by auctorite of tbis 
present Parlement unto tbe personea beoetb 
specified, after tbe forme under writon : 
Rex, omnibus ad quos, &c. salutem, Sdatie, quod nos, 
ex certa scientia et mero motu nostris, ac certis necessariia 
et notabilibuB de causis nos intlme moventibus, de avisa- 
meuto et assensu Dominorum Spiritualium et Tempora- 
lium, ac CommunitatiB regni noatri Angliie, in preesenti 
Parliamento nostro existentium, ac auctoritate ejusdem 
Parliament!, dedimi^ concessimus, et bac priBsend carta 
nostra confirmaTimus, pro nobis et hseredibus nostris, Jo- 
hanni cardinalt et arcbiepiscopo Eborum, Johanni arcbie- 
piscopo Cantuariengi, Willielmo Wintonensi, Willielmo 
Lincolnensi, Willielmo Saresburiensi, Tbomse Bathonensi 
et Wellensi, Johanni Wigornensi, Ad» Cicestrensi, Wal- 
tero Normcensi, Johanni Menevensi, episcopis ; Willielmo 
dud SufTolcite ; Henrico comiti NortbumbnGc ; Johanni 
vicecomiti Beaumont; Waltero domino de Hungreford, 
Radulpho domino de Cromwell, Radulpho domino de 
Seudeley, Jacobo domino de Say, Johanni domino de 
Beaucbamp; Johanni Cbedworth, Willielmo Westbury, 
Johanni Somerset, Henrico Seuer, Ricardo Andrev^ Wil- 
lielmo Say, Nicbolao Cloos, Roberto Wodelark^ Thomse 
Barker, clerids; Edmundo Hungreford, Edwardo Hull, 



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Petition in the Parliament holilen in the twenty-seventh year of the 
reign of King' Henry the Sixth after the Conquest. 

Let it be delivered to the Lords. 

SHE Kiog wiDeth that his letters patent, suf- iMUJnir- 
ficieot in law, be made by authority of this *■'>■ ***'■ 
present Parliament unto the perBong beneath Mreturih* 
epecified, after the form under written ; luchuf. 

The King, to all to whom, &c. greeting. Know ye, SSSS'iln 
that we, of our certain knowledge and mere motion, h»!?!)!^ 
and for certain necessary and notable causes inwardly "*""' 
moving ua, have, by the advice and assent of the Lords 
Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons of our realm of 
England, in our present Parliament assembled, and by 
the authority of the same Parliament, given, granted, 
and by this our present charter have confirmed, for us 
and our heirs, to John cardinal and archbishop of York, 
John archbishop of Canterbury, William bishop of Win- 
chester, William bishop of Lincoln, tt^lliam bishop of 
Salisbury, Thomas bishop of Bath and Wells, John bishop 
of Worcester, Adam bishop of Chichester, Walter bishop 
of Norwich, John bishop of Sl David's; William duke 
of Suffolk; Henry earl of Northumberland; John viscount 
Beaumont; Walter lord de Hungerford, Ralph lord de 
Cromwell, Ralph lord de 'Sudley, James lord de Say, John 
lord de Beauchamp; John Chedworth, William West- 
bury, John Somerset, Henry Seuer, Richard Andrewe, 
Williaifi Say, Nicholas Cloos, Robert Wodelarke, Thomas 
Barker, clerks ; Edmund Hungerford, Edward Hull, 



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S8S 

mititibus; Johanni Hampton, Johaoni Norreys, JofaaDni 
Say, Willielmo Tresham, et Johanni V&mpage, annigeiis ; 
hnredibua et usign&dB suis, caatnun, dominium, nve ma- 
nerium de Novo Castro aubtOB Ljnam, in CMnitBtu Staf^ 
fordiK, cum pertinentiis ; — wapenta<duum sire aocagiom 
de Wirkesworth, maneria et villas de Wirkeeworth et 
Asshebunie, ac wapentachia de Plumtre et Rysley, cum 
singulis eonim pertinentiis, in comitatu Derbuse ; — wapen- 
tadiium de Allerton cum pertinentus, maneria de Ijuigfa- 
ton, Gryngleyj et Wbeteley, cum pertdnentiis, in comitatn 
Notinghamiae, et alibi ;— maoerium de Fulmodeeton, nec- 
non firmam et redditum ejuadem, in comitatu Norffiilciffi, 
cum pertinentiis ; — manerium de Bradford cum pertinen- 
tiis caatrum, dominium, et manerium de KnaresbuTgh, ma- 
neria de Screvyn, Rouclyf, et Aldeburgh, baOivam burgi de 
Knaresburgh, molendina de Knaresburgh, et forestam nve 
cbaceam de Knaresbur^ cum pertinentiis, una cum om- 
nibus et singulis exitibus, firmis, reventionibus, pn^cuis, 
et commoditatibuB de Wharfadale, Swyndon, Okeden, et 
Fulttith, cum pertinentiis, ac aliis proficuis dietse foreatte 
quibuscunque, parcum de Haywra, parcum de Bilton, et 
parcum del Hay cum pertinentiis, cum omnibus et ungulis 
firmis, proficuis, reventionibus, commoditatibus ballivs li- 
bertatis de Knaresburgh prasdictfe, molendina de Burgb- 
bryg, et vapentachium de Staneclyf cum pertinentiis^ 
castrum, dominium, et manerium de Rkeryng cum per- 
tinentiis, manerium de Scalby cum pertinentiis, et cum 
agistamento et omnibus aliis proficuis ejusdem manerii, 
una cum exitibus, proficuis, reventionibus, et commodi- 
tatibus ballivs libertatis de Pikeryng prffidictte in comi- 
tatu Eborum, et alibi; — manerium de HentOD cum per- 
tinentiis, manerium de Wodespene cum pertinentiis, in 
comitatu Bercherice; — et manerium de Pole cum perti- 



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9S8 

knights; John Hampton, John Norreys, John Say, Wil- 
liam TreBham, and John Vampage, esquires, their heirs 
and assigns» the castle, lordship, or manor of Newcastle- 
under-Lyne, in the county of Stafford, with its appui- 
tenances; — the wapentake or socage of Wirksworth, the 
manors and towns of Wirksworth and Aghbome, and 
the wapentakes of Plumtree and Rieley, with every of 
their appurtenances, in the county of Derhy ; — the wapen- 
take of AUerton, with its appurtenances, the manors of 
Laughton, Gringtey, and Wheatley, with the appurte- 
nances, in the county of Nottingham, and elsewhere; 
— the manor of Fulmodeston, also the farm and rent of 
the same, in the county of Norfolk, with the appurte- 
nances; — the manor of Bradford, with the appurtenances, 
the castle, lordship, and manor of Knarestiorough, the 
manors of Scriren, Rodiffe, and Aldborough, the baili- 
wick of the borough of Knareshorough, the mills of 
Knaresborough, and the forest or chace of Knaresborough 
with the appurtenances, together with all and singular the 
issues, farms, revenues, profits, and commodities of Wharfe- 
dale, Swindon, Okeden, and Fulwitfa, with the appurte- 
nances, and all other profits whatsoever of the saii^ forest, 
the park of Haywra, the park of Bilton, and the park of 
the Hay with the appurtenances, with all and dngnlar the 
farms, profits, revenues, and commoditiee of the baiUwick 
of the liberty of Knaresborough aforesaid, the mJlls of Bo- 
roughbridge, and the wapentake of Stuncliffe with the ap- 
purtenances, the castle, lordship, and manor of Pickering 
with the appurtenances, the manor of Scalby with the a,^ 
purtenances, and with the agistment and all other profits of 
the same manor, together with the issues, profits, revenues, 
and commodities of the bailiwick of the liberty of Pickering 
aforesud, in the county of York, and elsewhere ;— the manor 



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284 

DentiiB, in comitatu Wilteaife ; — dgcdod omnia et singula 
terras, tenemeDta, redditus, reversioneB, et serritia cum 
pertinentiia, una cum feodis militum, parcis, warennis, 
cbaceis, mineris, piscariis^ ac omnibus et singulis aliis 
proficuis et commoditatibu8} qute nobis, vel bieiedibuB 
nostris Ducibus Lancastrite, ratione dictoraio castroruiD, 
dominiorum, villaruro, maneriorum, soca^i, wapentacbio- 
Tum, ballivarum, terrarum, et tenementorum, ac caetero- 
rum prsemissomm, in comitatibus prsedictis, vel alibi, 
quae parcella ducatus noetri Lancastrise preedicti exist- 
unt, pertinent vel competunt, aut pertinere rel competere 
poterunt, quoTismodo; et qu«e nos, aut progenitores vel 
antecessores nostri Duces Lancastriee, in eisdem castris, 
dominiis, villi s, maneriis, burgo, socagio, wapentacbiis, 
balliris, tems, tenementis, ac cteteris prEemisais, ratione 
ducatua nostri prsedicti babere seu perdpere consuerimus ; 
necnon cum omnibus proficuis, exitibus, reventionibus, et 
emolumenUs, de quibus per feodarios nostros, aeu proge- 
nitorum nostrorum rel antecessorum Bostronim Ducum 
Lancastrise, comitatuum Sussezise, Norffoldie, Somer- 
setie, DorsetisQ, Suthamtonife, Wiltesice, Oxonite, et Ber- 
cheiiae, cum peiidoentiis, seu eorum aliquem, nobb seu ali- 
quibus dictorum progeoitonim sive antecessorum nostro- 
rum ante hsec tempora reaponderi uaitatum fiierit vel con- 
suetum: — Habendum et tenendum omnia et singula prse- 
dicta castra, dominia, villas, maneria, socagium, wapen- 
tacbia, molendina, ballivas, forestam sive cbaceam, parcos, 
agistamentum, terras, tenementa, redditus, reversiones, et 
servitia cum pertinentiis, una cum exitibus, proficuis, re- 
ventionibuB, et commoditatibus, emolumentis et cffiteris 
prsemissis quibuscunque, prafatis cardinal!, archiepiscopo^ 
epiecopis, duel, comiti, Jobanni, Waltero, Radulpho, Ra- 
dulf^o, Jacobo, Jobanni, Jobanni, Willielmo^ Jobanni, 



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of HeDton with the appurtenanceB, the manor of Wood Speen 
with the appurteniinceB, in the county of Berke;— and the 
manor of Poole with the appurtenanceB, in the county of 
Wilts; — and also all and Bingular the lander tenements, 
rents, reversioiis, and services, with the appurtenances, 
together with the knighte' fees, parks, warrens, chaces, 
minee, fisheries, and all and singular the other profits 
and commodities, which pertain or belong, or may in 
any vay pertain or helong, to us or to our heirs Dukes 
of Lancaster by reason of the said castles, lordships, 
towns, manors, socage, wapentakes, bailiwicks, lands and 
tenements, and the rest of the premises, in the counties 
aforesaid, or elsewhere, which are parcel of our diicbj 
of Lancaster aforesaid; and which we, or our proge- 
nitors or ancestors Dukes of Lancaster, have, by reason 
of our duchy aforesaid, been accustomed to have or to 
receive in the same caBtles, lordships, towns, manors, 
borough, socage, wapentakes, bmliwicks, lands, tenements, 
and the rest of the premises; also with all the profits, 
issues, revenues, and emoluments, in respect of which we 
or any of our said progenitors or ancestors have been 
previously used or accustomed to he answered by the 
feodaries, or any one of them, of us, or of our proge- 
nitors or ancestors Dukes of Lancaster, of the counties 
of Sussex, Norfolk, Somerset, Dorset, Southampton, Wilts, 
Oxford, and Berks, with the appurtenances: — To have 
and to bold, from the feast of St Michael last past, 
all and singular the aforesaid castles, lordships, towns, 
manors, socage, wapentakes, mills, bailiwicks, forest or 
chace, parks, agistment, lands, tenements, rents, reversions, 
and services, with the appurtenances, together with the 
issues, profits, revenues, and commodities, emoluments and 
other premises whatsoever, to the aforesaid cardinal, arch- 
2a 



i by Google 



Henrico, Ricardo, Willielmo, Nicholao, Roberto, Thomffi, 
Edmundo, Edwardot Johanni, Johanoi, Jobanni, Willielmo^ 
et Johanai, heeredihus et asBignatis euis, a festo Sancti 
Micbaelte ultimo praat«rito in perpetuum, de nobis et 
hffiredibuB nostris, per fidelit&tem tantum, absque aliquo 
Dobie vel beredibue noatrie iode reddeodo; ad indo per^ 
ficiendum et perimplendum voluntatem nostraiD, per noa 
iactam et ordiDatam, vel per hob super eisdem exnunc 
Gendam et ordinandam, ac eisdem cardinali, arehiepiacopo, 
epiBCopis, duci, comiti, Johanni, Waltero, Radulpho, Ra- 
dulpbo, Jacobo, Jobanni, Johanni, Willielmo, Johaani, 
Henrico, Ricardo, Willielmo, Nicbolao, Roberto, Tbomae, 
Edmundo, Edwardo, Jobanni, Jobanni, Johanni, Willielmo, 
et Johanni, bseredibus sen assignatds suis, ex parte nostra 
declaiatam et notificatam, vel impoaterum declarandam et 
notiflcandam. Salvis semper et reserratis nobis, et hae- 
redibuB nostris I>ucibus Lancastriee, advocatiombus ec- 
clesiarum, abbatiarum, prioratuum, vicariarum, cantari- 
«rum, capellanim, bospitalium, et aliorum beneficionim 
ecclesiasticonim quorumcunque, eisdem castris, dominii^ 
villiB, maneriis, terns seu tenementia, aut alicui eorum, 
ullo modo BpectantibuB. Et nos vero et bferedes nostri 
prsBdicta castra, dominia, maneria, ^llas, socagium, wa~ 
pentacbia, molendioa, ballivaB, forestam, parcoe, agista- 
mentum, terras, tenementa, redditus, reversiones, et ser- 
viUa, cum pertinentiiB, una cum omnibus et singulis aliis 
prsemiswB, exceptia praaexceptis et reserratis, praefatis car- 
dinali, archiepiscopo, episcopis, duci, comiti, Johanni, Wal- 
t«ro, Radulpho, Radulpbo, Jacobo, Jobanni, Johanni, Wil- 
lielmo, Johanni, Henrico, Ricardo, Willielmo, Nicholao, 
Roberto, Hiomse, Edmundo, Edwardo, Johanni, Jobanni, 
Johanni, Willielmo, et Johanni, heeredibus et assignatiB 
suiB, contra omnes gentes in forma prsedicta warantiza^ 



i by Google 



9S6 

bishop, bishops, duke, earl, John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, 
Jamee, John, JohD, William, John, Henry, Richard, WiU 
tiain, NicholaB, Robert, Thomas, Edmund, Edward, John, 
John, John, Wlliam, and John, their heirs and aeeigns, of 
us and our beire for ever, by fealty only, without reoderiDg 
any other thing to us or our heirs therefore; therewith to do 
and ful61 our will by us made and ordained respecting the 
same, or hereafter to be made and ordained by us, and de- 
clared and notified, or hereafter to be declared and notified 
on our behalf, to the same cardinal, archbishop, bishops, 
duke, earl, John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, James, John, 
John, William, John, Henry, Richard, William, Nicholas, 
Robert, Thomas, Edmund, Edward, John, John, John, 
^^^lliam, and John, their heirs or assigns. Saving always 
and reserved to us and our heirs Dukes of Lancaster the 
advowBons of churches, abbeys, priories, vicarages, chan- 
tries, chapels, hospitals, and other eecleuastical benefices 
whatsoever, in any manner belonging to the same castles, 
lordships, towns, manors, lands or tenements, or any of 
them. And we, moreover, and our heirs, will warrant and 
defend against all people, in form aforesaid, the aforesaid 
castles, lordshipe, manors, towns, socage, wapentakes, mills, 
bailiwicks, forest, parks, agistment, lands, tenements, 
rents, reversions, and services, with the appurtenances, to- 
gether with all and singular other the premises, except the 
before excepted and reserved, to the sfbresiud cardinal, 
archbishop, Insbops, duke, earl, John, Walter, Ralph, 
Ralph, James, John, John, William, John, Henry, Richard, 
Wilham, Nicholas, Robert, Thomas, Edmund, Edward, 
John, John, John, William, and John, their heirs and as- 
signs for ever. We have also granted, with the assent Tiitfton« 
and authority aforesaid, to the afbresaid cardinal, arch- ao'innud, 
bishop, tushopB, duke, earl, John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, •'»><»• 



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2S6 

bimus et defendemus in perpetuum. Conceflsimus etiam, 
ex assensu et auctoriute prsdictis, prsefatlB canlioali, u- 
chiepigcopo, episcopia, dud, comiti, Jobanni, Waltens 
Radulpho, Radulpbo, Jacobo, Johanni, Johaoni, Willielmo, 
Johanni, Henrico, Ricardo, Willielmo, Nicholao, Roberto, 
Thomse, EdmuDdo, Edwardo, JohanDi, Johanoi, Jobsnni, 
Willielmo, et Jobanni, quod ipei, bseredee et ae^gnati 
Bui, tarn in omnibus et singulis praedictiB castris, domi- 
oUb, maneriis, villis, socaj^o, wapentacbiis, ballivis, tems, 
tenement, forestis, cbacea, parcis, et ceeteris prGemisGu 
quibuBcunque, quam in omnibus aliie caetris, dominiis) 
boQoribus, villiB, maneriiB, terns, tenementiB, molendims, 
feodifinnis, hundredis, feodis comitatuum, et aliis posses- 
BJonibus quibuscunque, super parcella ducatus nostri pne- 
dicti, qiue died cardinalis, arcbiepiscopus, Willielmus Lin- 
colneDBiB, WiUielmuB Sarisburiensis, Tbomae BMboneosii 
et WelleoBis, Johannes Wigomensis, Adam CicestrensiB, 
Walterus NorwicensiB, Johannes nunc Menevends, epi- 
Bcopi, dux, comeB, Jofaannea vicecomes Beaumont, Walterus 
dominus de Hungerford, Radulpbus, RadulpbuB, Jacobus, 
Johannes nunc dominus do Beauchamp, Johannes Somer- 
set, HenricuB, RicarduB, EdmunduB, Edwardua, Johannes 
Hampton, Johannes Norreys, Willielmus Tresham, et Jo- 
hannes Vampage, jam habent, [virtute] quorundam doni et 
concessionis per nos in Parliamento nostro apud Werimo- 
nasterium vicesimo quinto die Febniarii, anno regoi nosf 
Ticesimo tertio, incepto, et usque duodecimum diem Mar"'' 
anno regni noetri vicesimo quarto, et postes durante dicta 
Parliamento, et assensu Dominorum Spiritualium et Tein- 
poralium, ac Communitatda regni nostri Angltse in P*^ 
liamento illo existentium, auctoritate ejusdem Parliamentii 
eodem duodecimo die Martii, eisdem cardinall, arcbiepi* 
Bcopo, episcopiB, ducif comiti, Jobanni, Waltero, Radu1pho> 



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S86 

James, John, John, William, John, Henry, Richard, Wil- ^^^ 
Ham, Nicholas, Robert, Thomas, Edmund, Edvard, John, uw^r^n. 
John, John, William, and John, that they, their heirs iimoihciiit 
and assigna, may have and exercise such and BUch sort f^l/^^^f,, 
of liberties, jura regalia, customs, franchises, immuni- TDcgu' ud 
ties, and privileges, together with all and all kinds of ''^jj"*'"'' 
profits of the same, in all things and through all things, 7^^ '^'!^ 
and enjoy and use them, as fully and completely as we nudi. 
or our progenitors or ancestors aforesaid Dukes of Lancas- 
ter ever most fully or freely had or perceived them, as well 
in all and singular the aforesaid castles, lordships, manors» 
towns, socage, wapentakes, bailiwicks, lands, tenements, 
forests, chace, parks, and other premises whatsoever, as 
in all other the castles, lordships, honors, towns» manors, 
lands, tenements, mills, fee-farms, hundreds, fees of coun- 
ties, and other possesaioDS whatsoever, late parcel of our 
duchy aforesaid, which the said cardinal, archbishop, Wil- 
liam bishop of Lincoln, William bishop of Salisbury, 
Thomas bishop of Bath and Wells, John bishop of Wor- 
cester, Adam bishop of Chichester, Walter bishop of Nor- 
wich, John now bishop of St. David's, duke, earl, John 
viscount Beaumont, Walter lord de Hungerford, Ralph, 
Ralph, James, John now lord de Beauchamp, John So- 
merset, Henry, Richard, Edmund, Edward, John Hamp- 
ton, John Norreys, William Tresham, and John Vampage 
now have [by virtue] of a certain gift and grant, in our Par- 
liament begun at Westminster on the twenly<fifth day of 
February in the twenty-third year of our reign, and [con- 
tinued] until the twelfth day of March in the twenty-fourth 
year of our reign, and afterwards during the said Parlia- 



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SS7 
Rodulpho, Jacobo nunc domino de Ssy, Johumi nunc do- 
mino de Beaucbamp, Henrico, Ricardo, Edmundo, Ed- 
wardo^ Johanni, Johanni, Willielmo, et Johaoni, ac Roberto 
tunc Londinensi episcopo, Johanni Langton, Waltero Sbi- 
ryngton, clerids, Jobanni Seyntlowe et Ricardo Alrede^ ar- 
migeris, jam defimctie, factorum, prout in literia noBtris 
patentibus inde super quodam acto dicti Parliament! nostri, 
Bub magno aigillo nostra facCis, pleniiu continetur, habeaat 
et exerceant talia et bujusmodi libertatee, jura regalia, 
consuetudines, franchenas, immunitates, et privilegia, una 
cum omnibus et omnimodis proficuie eorundem in omnibus 
et per omnia, ac eis gaudeant et utantur adeo plene et io- 
tegre sicut noe, aut progenitores sire antecessores nostri 
prsedicti Duces LancaBtriGe, ea unquam pleniua seu li- 
beriuB babuimus seu percepimus. Et quod dicta caatra, 
dominia, honores^ vtUse, maneria, teme, et tenementa, ac 
cetera {HvmisBa quscunque, per tales et bujusmodi offi< 
ciarioB et ministros regantur et gubementur, per quales 
eadem castra, dominia, yillse, honores, maneria, terree, 
tenementa, et CEetera prsemiBBa, tam tempore nostro ante 
conceswooes aupradictas, quam temporibus aliorum proge- 
nitorum seu anteceesorum nostrorum prsedictorum Ducum 
Lancastriae, virtute quarumcunque cartanim per progeni- 
tores seu priedecesBoreB nostros Reges Anglii^ seu auo- 
toritate aliquonun Parliamentorum ante biec tempora ten- 
torum, factarum, uti, haberi, ac regi et gubemari consue- 
venmt Conceemmus insuper, ex aBseosu dictorum Do- 
minorum Spiritualium et Temporalium, ac diets Commu- 
uitatia, in preesenti Parliamento nostra existentium, et 
auctoritate ejusdem Parliamenti, quod omnes et singuli bo> 
mines, tenentes resjdentes, et alii residentes de et in prse- 
dictis castris, honoribus, dominiis, Tillis, maneriis, socagiis, 
ballivis, wapentachiis, terns, et tenementis, ac aliis pos- 



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2S7 

ment, and with the assent of the Lords Spiiitual and 
Temporal, and Commons of our realm of England, io 
that Parliament assembled, by us made, by the authority 
of the same Parliament, on the same twelfth day of 
March, unto the same cardinal, archbishop, bishops, duke, 
earl, John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, James now lord de 
Say, John now lord de Beauchamp, Henry, Richard, 
Edmund, Edward, John, John, William, and John, and 
Robert then bishop of London, John Langton, Walter 
Shiryogton, clerks, John Seyntlowe and Richard Alrede, 
esquires, now deceased, as in our letters patent there- 
upon under our great seal made upon a certain act 
of our said Parliament, is more fully contained. And tihIu«i 
that the said castles, lordships, bonora, towns, manors, ™^''^,„ 
lands, and tenements, and other premises whatsoever, "'*'"°'<**- 
may be ruled and governed by such and such kind of 
officers and ministers as the same castles, lordships 
towns, honors, manors, lands, tenements, and other pre- 
mises were accustomed to be used, had, and ruled and 
governed, as well in our own time before the aforesaid 
grants, as in the times of others our progenitors or an- 
cestors aforesaid Dukes of Lancaster, by virtue of any 
charters made by our progenitors or predecessors Kings 
of England, or by authority of any Parliaments hereto- 
fore held. We have moreover granted, with the assent uddHta- 
of the aaid Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and of the ^fbltaJ"*" 
said Commons, in our present Parliament assembled» 
and by the authority of the same Parliament, that all 
and singular the men, resident tenants, and other re- 
siants of and in the aforesaid castles, honors, lordships. 



^d by Google 



sessionibufl pnedictis quibuBCunque, talibus et hujusmodi 
francbesiis, priTile^is, et libertatibusi adeo plene et libere 
gaudeuit et utontur, dummodo eadem caatra, bonorea, do- 
minia, ville^ maneriaj et cietera pneoiissa, in manibos 
preedictomm cardinalia, srcbiepiBcopi, epiBCoporum, duds, 
comitia, Johannia, Walteri, Radulpbi, Radulpbi, J&cobi, 
Jobannia, Jobatmis, Willielmi, Jobannia, Henrici, Ricardi* 
Willielmi, Nicbolai, Roberti, Tbomae, fidmundi, Edwardi, 
Jobannia, JohanDis, Johannis, Willielmi, et Jobannis, jam 
fluperatitUDi, baeredum sen aasignBtoram auonun, auteonim 
aUcujus, Tirtute coDceauonum prsedictarum, eiistere con- 
tingent, aive in manibus noetris nrtute aliquarum dimtft- 
eionum inde nobie per eosdem cardinalem, arcbiepiBcopum, 
episcopos, ducem, comitem, Jobannem, Walter um, Ra- 
dulpbum, Radulpbum, Jacobum, Jobannem, Jobanneoa, 
Willielmum, Jobannem, Henricum, Ricardum, Williel- 
mum, Nicbolaum, Robertum, Tbomam, Edmundum, Ed- 
wardum, Jobannem, Jobannem, Johannem, Willielmum, et 
Johaonem, vel partem eorum, ante haec tempora factarum, 
aut per eoa, bceredea aeu aasignatos buob, vel eorum aSi- 
quoe, exnunc faciendanim, existere contingent, quibua et 
qualibus ac sicut aliqui homtnea, tenentea reeidentea, sen 
alii residentes in eisdem, usi et gavisi fuerunt tempori- 
bua quibuB dicta castra, bonorea, dominia, villae, maneria, 
Bocagia, ballivs, wapentachia, terr^e, et tenementa, ac 
cseterse poBaessioneB prfedictee, in manibus Dostris, sell 
aliquorum progenitorum sive antecessorum nostromm prte- 
dictorum Ducum LancastrisB, extiterunt, sine occaatone 
vel impedtmento nostri, vel hseredwn nostromm, justitia- 
riorura, eBcaetorum, vicecomitum, coronatorum, aut aliorum 
balUvorum Beu miniBtrorum noBtrorum, vel heeredum noa- 
trorum quonimcunque ; quodque omnia prsedicta caatra, 
honores, dominia, villse, maneria, socagium, ballivae, wa- 



^d by Google 



towns, manors, socages, bailiwicks, wapentakes, lands, and 
tenements, and other possessionB aforesaid whatsoever, may 
as fully and freely enjoy and use such and such sort of fran- 
chises, privileges, and liberties, — provided the same castles, vmuti a* 
honors, lordships, towns, manors, and other premises happen JJJ *^^ 
to be, by virtue of the aforesaid grants, in the hands Kiiw-ibudi 
of the aforesaid cardinal, archbishop, bishops, duke, earl, iwnMai; 
John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, James, John, John, William, 
John, Henry, Richard, William, Nidiolas, Robert, Thomas, 
Edmund, Edward, John, John, John, William, and John, 
yet living, their heirs or asugns, or any one of them; 
or that they happen to be in our own hands by virtue 
of any demises heretofore thereof made to us by the 
same cardinal, archbishop, bishops, duke, earl, John, 
Walter, Ralph, Ralph, James, John, John, A^lliam, 
John, Henry, Richard, William, Nicholas, Robert, Thomas, 
Edmund, Edward, John, John, John, William, and John, 
or a part of them, or hereafter to be made by them, 
their heirs or assigns, or by some of them, — as and 
which any men, resident tenants, or other resiants 
in the same have used and enjoyed in the times when 
the said castles, honors, lordships, towns, manors, so- 
cages, bailiwicks, wapentakes, lands, and tenements, and 
oUier possessions aforesaid, were in the bands of us, or 
any our progenitors or ancestors aforesaid Dukes of Lan- 
caster, without let or binderance of us or our heirs, or wiuiinikrt 
of the justices, escheators, sherifis, coroners, or other ^^^^" 
bailifis or ministers of us or of our heirs whomsoever; Honmua. 
and that all the aforesaid castles, honors, lordships, towns, 
manors, socage, bailiwicks, wapentakes, lands, tenements. 



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penttchift, terrse, teDeme&ta, foresta sire chscea, pard, 
warentue, et possesuones, ac csetera prsemissa quscuo* 
que, ac quicuoque officiarii et ministri eorundem castro- 
rutn, bonomm, dominiorum, TUlarum, manerionim, bo- 
cagii, terrarum, ef tenementorum, forestte, cbacese, por- 
corum, wajenaarum, ac otnBium et BiDgularum possee- 
eiooum pncdictarum, cum pertinentiis, sub ugUlo illo 
quod pro gubernatione eorundem ordinaviinufl gubemen- 
tur et conatitueatur, et non sub aliquo alio aigillo oMtro 
et bsredum noetrorum Ducum Lancaatrue, nee aliquo 
alio Bigillo, dummodo ipsa in manibus eorundem cardi- 
nalis, archiepiscopi, epiacoporum, ducns, comitis, Joban- 
nie, Walteri, Radulphi, Radulphi, Jacobi, Jobannis, Jo- 
hannia, Wiltielmi, Johanma, Henrid, Ricardi, Willielaiii 
Nicholai, RoberU, Thomse, Edmundi, Edwardi, Jokaa- 
nia, Johannia, Johannis, Willielmi, et Johannis, hferediun 
seu asGigDatorum auorum prsedictonun, vel eonim au- 
cujus, occasioDB prsemissa exi&tant, sive in manibus noe- 
tris virtute aliquarum dimiBBionum inde nobis per eosaem 
cardinalem, arcbiepiecopum, episcopos, ducem, comitemi 
Jobannem, Walterum, Radulpbum, Radulpbum, Jacobun, 
Johannem, Jobannem, Willielmum, Henricum, RicarduiO) 
Willielmum, Nicholaum, Robertum, TTiomam, EdmimdunJ, 
Edwardum, Jobannem, Jobannem, Jobannem, Willielmuroi 
et Jobannem, vel partem eorum, ante fasBC tempora ^ 
tarum, aut per eos, baaredea seu asstgnatoa suos, «e^ 
eoTum aliquos, exnunc fatnendarum, ut pramittitur, ex* 
istere contingent. Salvia quibuacunque ligeis nostiia po^ 
aessione, jure, titulo, et interease suis, ac aonuitatibiUt 
officiia, radiia, feodb, cuBtodiis, et £rmis quibuscuDI"^ 
in seu de dictis castris, dominiia, maueriis, et caeteris pr^' ■ 
missis quibuacunque, aut aliqua parcella eorundem, f^ 



^d by Google 



989 

forest or chace, parks, warrenB, and poBseBUons, and ^™|^" 
other preiDiseB whatsoever, and the officen and minia- ilUdi'^i!»' 
ters whosoever of the same castles, honors, lordships, itmMtu 
towns, manors, soca^ lands, and tenements, forest, ^,^1^' 
choce, parks, warrens, and all and singular the posses- ^**™"' 
sions aforesaid, with the appurtenances, be governed and 
appointed under that seal which we have ordained for 
the governance of the same, and not under any other 
seal of us and our heirs Dukes of Lancaster, nor any 
other seal, — provided that the same be, by the occasion 
aforesaid, in the hands of the same cardinal, archbishop, 
bisbope, duke, earl, John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, James, 
John, John, William, John, Henry, Richard, William, 
Nicholas, Robert, Thomas, Edmund, Edward, John, 
John, John, William, and John, their heirs or assigns 
aforesaid, or of any one of them ; or that they happen to 
be in our own hands by virtue of any demises thereof 
heretofore made to us by the same cardinal, archbishop, 
bbbops, duke, earl, John, Walter, Ralph, Ralph, James, 
John, John, William, Henry, Richard, William, Nicholas, 
Robert, Thomas, Edmund, Edward, John, John, John, 
William, and John, or a part of them, or hereafter to be 
made by them, their heirs or assigns, or by some of 
tbem, as is aforesaid. Saving to whomsoever our lieges 
their possession, right, titles and interest, and the an- 
DuitieB, offices, wages, fees, wardships, and farms what- 
soever, in or respecting the said castles, lordships, manors, 
and other premises whatsoever, or any parcel of the same, 
which they have or any one of them lawfully has in the 
same. In witness whereof, &c. 



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S40 

ipBt habent, seu eorum aliquis habet legitime in eiadem. 
Id cujus, &C. 

{la doTK.) 
LE Roy, de I'advyB et assent de lez Seigneurs £s[Hri- 
tuetl et Temporell, et lee Comunes, esteantz en cest pre- 
sent ParlemeDt, et par auctorite du dit Farlement, ad 
graunte tout le continue en ycell peticioU] et q'il soil fait 
en toutz pointz dcome il est desire. 



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S40 

(Itidorted.) 
The King, with the advice and assent of the Lords Spi- 
ritual and Temporal, and the CommoiiB, ia this present 
Partiament assembled, and by the authority of the sud 
Parliament, has granted all the contents of this petition, 
and that it be done in all points as is desired. 



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Rotulus Parliamenti tenti «pud CoYentrc, «nno ngai R<^ Henrici 
Seiti poet Conquestum tricMinio octsTO. 

[, queedam cedula exhibita fuit praebto do- 
Regi, in prsesenti Parliamento» per Com- 
litates regni Angliae in dicto Parliamento ex- 
ntes, 8ub eo qui sequitur tenore rerborutn: 
REX omnibuB, &c. Cum nos nuper per literas nos- 
tras patentee, sub sigillo noatro ducatus nostri Laocas- 
triffi factas, quarum datum est apud manerium nostnun 
de Shene, penullimo die Novembria anno regni noetri vice- 
simo secundo, ex certa scientia et mero motu nostris, certis 
de causis nos intime movenUbus, dedeiimus, concesaeri- 
mus, et per easdem confirmaTerimuB, pro nobis et b^ere- 
dibus nostris, Thomaa Bathonenw et Wellensi, Johanni Wi- 
gomensi per nomen Johannis Carpenter electi Wigomensis 
ecclesise, Waltero Norwicensi per nomen Walteri Lybert 
clerici, Jobanni Menerensi per nomen Johannis Delabera 
clerici, episcopis ; Johanni vicecomiti Beaumont ; R^- 
dulpbo domino de Sudetey, Johanni domino de Beauchamp 
militj, Edmundo Hungerford militi ; Johanni Hampton et 
Johanni Noreys armigeris, adhuc superstJtibuB, ac aliis j»» 
defunctis, castrum, manerium, et hundredum de Hiegham 
Ferrers cum pertinentiis ; maneria de Raundes, RussbdeD, 
Caldecote, Irenchestre, Daventre, et Deisburgfa, molendina 
de Deefaeford, ac omnia terras et tenemeota, redditus et ser- 
vitja, tunc nostra, cum pertinentiis, inWelledon; necnoo 
omnia terras et tenementa, cum pertinentiis, quae nuper lae- 
runt Stephani Rumbylowe in Daventre priedicta, et omnia 



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Hull of the PartiBment holden ot Coventry, in the thirty-eighth year or 
the reign of King Henry the Sixth alter the Conquest. 

^LSO, s certun schedule was exhibited to our ttoi n«. 
aforesaid lord the King, in the present Parlia* *■»■ '"•■ 
tnent, by the Commons of the realm of Eng- 
I land in the said Parliament assembled, under 
the tenor of words which follows : 

TTie KING, to all, ftc. Whereas we lately, by our jMjjtoi-^ 
letters patent made under our seal of our duchy of Lan- J^J^^, 
caster, the date whereof is at our manor of Sheen on the Hin^fhi* 
last day but one of November in the twenty-second year f^^^i°on- 
of our reign, of our certain knowledge and mere roo- ikaflh>^>. 
tion, for certain causes inwardly mofing u% gave, grant- '|°f*^' 
ed, and by the same confirmed, for us and our heirs, to f^X's' 
Thomas bishop of Bath and Well», John Wehop of Wor- ^*!^ 
cester by the name of John Carpenter the elect of the 
church of Worcester, Walter bishop of Norwich by the 
name of Walter Lyhert clerk, John bishop of St. David's 
by the name of John Delabera, clerk ; John viscount Beau> 
moot; Ralph lord de Sudley, John lord de Beaucbantp, 
knight, Edmund Hungerford, knight ; John Hampton 
and John Noreys, esquires, still living, and others now 
deceased, the castle, manor, and hundred of Higbam Fer- 
rers, with the appurtensDces ; the manors of Raunds, 
Rushden, Caldecott, Irchester, Daventry, and Desho- 
rough, the mills of Desbeford, and all the lands and 
tenements, rents and services, then oure, with the ap> 
purtenances, in Weldon; also all the lands and tene- 
ments, with the appurtenances, which were late of Stephen 



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S4fi 

terras et teoementa, redditus et servitia, tuoc nostra, cum 
pertinentiis, qiue nuper fuenint WiUietmi Croyser militiB, in 
Hiegham Feiren et Caldecote prcedicta, in comitatu Nortb- 
amptonis; — feodi finnam centum et viginti librarum villR 
de Gormonchestre ; feodi firmam quadraginta et trium li- 
brarum ville de Huntyngdou, et manerium de Glattoa cum 
Holme, cum pertinentiiB, in comitatu Huotingdooiee ; — ma- 
nerium de Wardyngton, in comitatu BukinghamiK; — mi- 
nerium de Aldeborn, in comitatu Wiltesiae; — maueria de 
Aylysham, Wighton, Snetiebam, Fakenham, Gymmjog- 
ham, Tonsted et Thetford, cum viginti et octo libris, s«x 
solidtB, et octo denariis, de feodi firms prions et conveotus 
monacborum de Thetford; et manerium de Methewolde, 
cum terns et tenementis, tunc nostris, vocatis Rodmer, 
juxtaMetbewold; acbundredum, tunc nostrum, deNorther- 
pyngham, Sowtberpyngbam, Gallowe, et Brothercros, cum 
pertinentiis, in comitatu Nor^Icise; — maneria, tunc nos- 
trai de Huugerford, Estgarston, et Standen, in comitatu 
Bercherite; — et manerium, tunc nostrum, de Swoham, in 
comitatu Cautebrigiae: — Habendum et tenendum eadem 
castrum, manerium, bameletta, feodi finnas, hnndreda, mo- 
lendina, terras, tenementa, redditus et servitia, cum peN 
tinentiia, una cum feodis militum, ac omnibus aliis pro- 
ficuis et commoditatibus eisdem castro, maneriie, tenis, 
et tenementiB npectantibus eive pertinentibus, eisdem epi- 
acopis, Ticecomiti, Radulpbo» Johanni Beaucbamp, £d- 
mundo, Johanni Hampton, et Jobanni Noreys, ac pre- 
dictis aliis jam defunctis, hseredibus et assignatiB suis, 
de nobis et bsredibus nostris, per fidelitatem tantum, 
absque aliquo alio nobis vel beeredibus noBtris inde red- 
denda. Salvis Bemper et reBervatis nobis, et bseredibus 
noBtriB DucibuB Lancastriie, advocationibus ecclesiaruin, 
abbatianim, prioratuum, vicariarum, cantariamm, capel- 



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84S 

Rumbylowe in DaveDtry aforesaid ; and all the lands and 
tenementB, rents and Berrices, then ours, with the appur- 
tenances^ which were late of William Ooyser, knight, in 
Higbam Ferrers and Caldecott aforesaid, in the county 
of Northampton ;— the fee-farm of a hundred and twenty 
pounds of the town of Godmancheeter, the fee-farm of 
forty-three pounds of the town of Huntingdon, and the 
manor of Qlatton with Holme, with the appurtenances, 
in the county of Huntingdon;— the manor of Warding- 
ton, in the county of Bucks; — the manor of Aldboum, in 
the county of Witts; — the manors of Aylsham, Wigb- 
ton, Snettiaham, Fakenham, Gimingham, Tunetead, and 
Tbetford, with twenty-eight pounds six shillings and 
eight pence of the fee-farm of the prior and convent of 
monks of Tbetford; and the manor of Methwold, with 
the lands and tenements, then ours, called Rodmere, 
near Methwold; and the hundred, then ours, of North 
Erpingham, South Erpiogham, Gallow, and Brothercross, 
with the appurtenances, in the county of Norfolk; — the 
manors, then ours, of Hungerford, East Garston, and 
Standen, in the county of Berks; — and the manor, then 
ours, of Soham, in the county of Cambridge : — To have 
and to hold the same castle, manors, hamlets, fee-farms, 
hundreds, mills, lands, tenements, rents and services, 
with the appurtenances, together with the knights' fees, 
and all other profits and commodities belonging or per- 
taining to the same castle, manors, lands, and tenements, 
to the same bishops, viscount, Ralph, John Beauchamp, 
Edmund, John Hampton, and John Noreys, and others 
«foresaid now deceased, their heirs and assigns, of us 
and our heirs, by fealty only, without rendering to ua 
or our heirs anything else therefore. Saving always and 
reserved to us and our heirs Dukes of Lancaster the 
2 H 



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Unim, hoepitalium, et aliorum benefidorum eCRleuaeticonim 
quorumcunque, eisdem csstro, maneriisi Bire terriB et tene- 
mentis, ullo modo apectantibus. Et per easdem literas nos- 
tras obligaTerimus nos et hmredes nostros ad castrum, mane- 
ria, ac omnia et sic^la prEemiBsa, cum pertinflntiia, piwfatis 
epiacopis, &c., et pTsefatis aliis jam defunctts, hsredlbus et 
asMgnatis suis, contra omoes ge&tes warantizanda et defen- 
denda. Ac per alias literaa nostras patentee sub eodem ai- 
gillo, datas apud manerium nostrum de Shene septimo die 
Julii anno regni nostri vicesimo secundo, ex certa scnentia 
et mero motu prsedictis, dederimus et concesseriious et per 
easdem literas oostrae confirmaverimus, pro nobis et hab- 
redibus nostris, praebtis episcopis, vicecomid, Radulpho, 
Johanni domino de Beauchamp, Edmundo, Johanni Hamp- 
ton, et Jobanni Noreys, per nomina in prsedictis primis 
Uteris contents, ac prsedictis aliis jam defunctds, maneria 
dfl Sombome, Weston, Hertley, et lAngstok, cum perti- 
nentiis, in comitatu SouthamptoniK ; maneria de Everley, 
Colyngbom, Trobrigge, Berevyk, et Esterton, cum perti- 
nentiis, in comitatu Wilteuse; — maneria de Sbepynglam- 
bom, cum pertinentjis, in comitatu Bercberi»; — maoeria 
de Kyngeston Lacy, Wymbom, Blanford, et Sbapwyk, cum 
pertinentiis, in couiitatu Dorsetim ; — manerium de Myns- 
terwortb, cum pertinentiis, in comitatu Oloucestrin;— ma- 
nerium de Hodenak, cum pertinentiis, in marcbia Wallie ; 
— manerium et Bocam de Snaitb, cum pertinentiis, in co- 
mitatu Eborum: — Habendum et tenendum omnia praedicta 
maneria et socam cum pertinentiis suis quibuscunque, una 
cum feodis militum, et (minibus aliis proficuis et commo- 
ditatibus pnedictia maneriis et socffi Bpectantibus, dsdem 
episcopis, vicecomiti, &c, et preedictis aliis jam defunctt^ 
bferedibus et aasignatis Buis, de nobis et hseredibus nostris* 
per fidelitatem tantum, absque aliquo alio nobis vel luere- 



i by Google 



966 

or OUT hflirs anything else therefore. Saving always and 
reserved to us and our heirs Dukes of Lancaster the 
advowBons of churches, ahbeys, priories, vicarages, chan- 
tries, chapels, hospitals, and other ecclesiastical benefices 
whatsoever, in anywise belonging to the same castle, manors, 
or lands and tenements. And by our same letters we bound 
ourselfandourheirs to warrant and defend against all people 
the castle, manors, and all and singular the premises, with 
the appurtonances, to the aforesaid bishops, &&, and to the 
aforesaid others now deceased, and their heirs and assigns. 
And by other our letters patent under the same seal, 
dated at our manor of Sheen on the seventh day of July 
in the tweQty-second year of our reign, we, of our certain 
knowledge and mere motion aforesaid, gave and granted, 
and by the same our letters confirmed, for us and our 
heirs, to the aforesaid bishops, viscount Ralph, John 
lord de Beauchamp, Edmund, John Hampton, and John 
Noreys, by the names in the aforesaid first letters con- 
tained, and to the aforesaid others now deceased, the manors 
of Somboum, Weston, ' Hartley, and Longstock, with the 
appurtenances, in the county of Southampton ; — the 
manors of Everley, Collingboume, Trowbridge, Berwick, 
and Easterton, with the appurtenances, in the county of 
Wilts;— the manors of Chipping Lamhourn, with the ap- 
purtenances, in the county of Berks; — the manors of Kings- 
ton Lacy, Wimbome, Blandford, and Shapwick, with the 
appurtenances, in the county of Dorset ; — the manor of 
Minsterworth, with the appurtenances, in the county of 
Gloucester; — the manor of Hodenak, with the appurte- 
nances, in the marches of Wales ; — the manor and soke of 
Snaith, with the appurtenances, in the county of York : — 
To have and to hold all the aforesaid manors and soke, with 
whatsoever their appurtenances, together with the knights' 



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S6Y 

nobis, et heeredibus Boetris Ducibus LsncastrisB, advoca- 
^ODibua ecclesiarum, abbatiarum, pnoratuum, vicarianim, 
cantariaruin, capellarum, hoepitalium, et alionim bene* 
fidorum eccleBiasticorun) quorumcunque, eiadem maneruB 
et Bocce, cum pertiDentiis, ullo modo spectsntibus. Et 
per easdem literas DOBtras obligaTerimua aos et hteredes 
Dostroa ad waraatizandum et defeiideDdum omnia pre- 
missa, cum pertjneiitiia, eisdem episcopis, &&, et beere- 
dibus et asBignatis Buia, prout, &c. Ac etUnii per alias 
literas DOBtras patentaa sub sigillo noBtro praedictcs 
quarum datum est apud castrum ooatrum de Wyndeaore 
viceaitno tertio die Februarii anno regni noetri ricesimo 
tertio, dederimus, conceBaerimuB, et per easdem literas no»- 
tras coDfirmaverimuB, prxfatis episcopis, &C., et prsdictis 
aliis jam defunctis, per nomina in dictiB primis literis 
coDtenta, manerium, dominium de Bemolwilce, cum per- 
tinentiia, in comitatu Eborum; manerium de Ktlbome, 
cum pertinentiiB, in eodem comitatu; feodi firmam voca.- 
tam Wbitgift, cum pertinentiie, in comitatu priedicto: — 
Habendum et tenendum omnia preedicta maneria, domi- 
nium, et feodi firmam, cum pertinentiiB buIb quibuecunque, 
una cum feodia mititum et omnibue aliis proficuis et com- 
moditatibuB preedictiB maneriis, dominio, et feodi firm» 
spectantibuB bito pertinentibua, eisdem episcofns, Sco, bte- 
redibus et asaignatis suis, de nobia et hferedibus nostria, 
per fidelitatem tantum, absque aliquo alio nobia vel hie- 
redibuB nostris inde reddendo in perpetuum. Salvia semper 
et reservatis nobie, et hseredibus nostris Ducibus Lanca»- 
trise, advocationibus ecclesiarum, abbatiarum, prioratuum, 
vicariarum, cantariarum, capellarum, bospitalium, et alio- 
rum beneficiorum ecclesiasticorum quorumcunque, eiadem 
maneriis, dominio, et feodi firmae, cum pertinentiiB, apeo- 
tantibus. Et per easdem literas nostras obligaverimus 



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267 

fees, and all other profits and coonmodities belonging to the 
aforesaid nianora and soke, to the same bishops, viscount, 
&c., and to the aforesaid others now deceased, their heirs 
and assigns, of us and our heirs, by fealty only, without ren- 
dering to us or our heirs anything else therefore. Saving 
always and reserved to us and our heirs Dukes of Lancaster 
the advowsona of churches, abbeys, priories, vicarages, chan- 
tries, chapels, hospitals, and other ecclesiastical benefices 
whatsoever, in anywise belonging to the same manors and 
soke, with the appurtenances. And by the same our 
letters we bound ourself and our heirs to warrant and 
defend all the premises with the appurtenances to the 
same bishops, &c , and to their heirs and assigns, as, 8tc 
And also, by other our letters patent under our aforesaid 
seal, the date whereof is at our castle of Windsor on the 
twenty-third day of February in the twenty-third year of 
our reign, we gave, granted, and by the same our letters 
confirmed to the aforesaid bishops, Sec, and to the aforesaid 
others now deceased, by the names contained in the said 
first letters, the manor and lordship of Bamoldwick, with 
the appurtenances, in the county of York ; the manor of 
Kilburn, with the appurtenances, in the same county; 
the fee-form called Whitgift, with the appurtenances, in 
the aforesaid county : — To have and to hold all the afore- 
said manors, lordship, and fee-brm, with whatsoever their 
appurtenances, together with the knights' fees and all 
other profits and commodities belonging or pertaining to 
the aforesaid manors, lordship, and fee-farm, to the same 
bishops, &c., their heirs and assigns, of us and our heirs 
for ever, by fealty only, without rendering to us or our 
heirs anything else therefore. Saving always and re- 
served to us and our heirs Dukes of Lancaster the ad- 
TowBons of churches, abbeys, priories, vicarages, chaat^ 



^d by Google 



DOS et bseredes nostros ad waruitizanduiD et defendendam 
eadem maneria, dominium, et feodi finnam, ac omnia et 
singula in eisdem Uteris prsemissa, preefatb episcopis, 
&c., et praedictis alits jam defunctis, hseredibus et as- 
signatis suis, contra omnee geotea. Ac etiam, per alias 
literas noBtras patentes sub sigillo nostro pnedicto foctas, 
quarum datum est apud castrum nostrum de Wynde* 
Bore vicesimo nono die Junii anno regni nostri vice- 
simo tertio, dederimue, concesserimus, et per easdem 
literas nostras confirmaverimus, praefatie epiecopis, &&, 
et prsedietis aliis jam deriinctis, per nomina in dictis 
primis literie contents, castra, dominia, et maneria de 
Kedwelly, Karkeuny, Hiskenny, et KamwaltboD, cum 
membris et pertinentJis suis ; castrum, dominium, et ma- 
nerium de Oggemore, cum membris et pertinentiis suis; 
CBstra, dominia, et maneria de Monmouth, Grosemonde, 
Skenfrith, et Wbitcastell, cum membris et pertinentiis 
suis; manerium et dominium de Ebbothe, cum membris 
et pertinentiis suis, in Southwaltia et marcbiis ejusdem ; 
— castrum, dominium, manerium, et honorem de Perenaey, 
cum membris et pertinentiis suis, in comitatu Sussexi»; — 
dominium, manerium, et villam de Boston super mare, cum 
membris et pertinentiis suis, in comitatu Norffolcis ;— cas- 
trum, dominium, et manerium de Casteldonyngton, cum 
membris et pertinentiis suis, in comitatu Leycestrise; — 
feoda comitatuum Lincolniee et Derbeise, cum pertinentiis 
suis; — castrum, villam, dominium, manerium, et honorem 
de Tikhull, cum membris et pertiuentiiB suis, in comitatu 
Eborum : — Habendum et tenendum omnia prsdicta castra, 
dominia, villas, maneria, honores, et feoda comitatuum, 
cum membris et pertinentiis sois quibuscunque, una cum 
feodis militom et omnibus alib proficuis et conunoditatibuB, 
: castris, domiaiis, villis, maneriis, bonoribus, et 



^d by Google 



868 

tries, chapels, hoepitak, and other ecclesiastical benefices 
whatsoever, belonging to the same manore, lordship, and 
fee-fann, with the appurtenances. And by the same 
our letters we bound ourself and our heirs to warrant 
and defend against all people the same manors, lord- 
ship, and fee-farm, and all and singular the premises in 
the same letters, to the aforesud bishops, &c., and to 
the aforesaid others now deceased, their heirs and assigns. 
Ano also, by other our letters patent made under our 
aforesaid seal, the date whereof is at our castle of Windsor 
on the twenty-uintb day of June in the twenty-third year 
of our reign, we gave, granted, and by the same oar letters 
con6rmed to the aforesaid bishops, Sec, and to the afore- 
said others now deceased, by the names contained in the 
sud first letters, the castles, lordships, and manors of Kid- 
welly, Karkenny, lakenny, and Kamwalthan, with their 
members and appurtenances; the castle, lordefaip, and 
manor of Ogmore, with its members and appurtenances ; 
the castles, lordships, and manors of Monmouth, Gros- 
mont, Skenfreth, and Wbite-castle, with their members 
and appurtenances ; the manor and lordship of Ebbothe, 
with its members and appurtenances, in South Wales 
and the marches of the same ; — the castle, lordship, manor, 
and honor of Pevensey, with its members and appurte- 
nances, in the county of Susses ; — the lordship, manor, 
and town of Beeston on the Sea, with its members and 
appurtenances, in the county of Norfolk; — the castle, 
lordship, and manor of Castle Donington, with its mem- 
berB and appurtenances, in the county of Leicester; — 
the fees of the counties of Lincoln and Derby, with 
their appurtenances; — the castle, town, lordship, manor, 
and honor of Tickhill, with its members and appurte- 
nances, in the county of York : — To have and to hold 



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feodis comitatuum spectantibus Blve pertinentibua, eiedem 
epiacopis, &&, et prsedictiB aliis jam defunct!», bseredibus 
et assipiatiB Buia, de nobis et haredibue Doetris, per fide- 
litatem tantutn, absque aljquo alio nobis vel hseredibus 
nostris inde reddendo. Salvis semper et reservatis nobis, 
et heeredibus nostris Ducibus Lancastiise, advocationtbus 
ecclesiarum, abbatiarum, prioratuum, Ticaiianim, canta- 
riarum, capellarum, bospitalium, et alionim beneficiorum 
ecdevasticorum quorumcunque, eisdem castris, domintiaj 
villis, maneriis, bonoribus, et feodis comitatuum, cum mem- 
bris et pertinentiis suls, ullo mode spectantibus. Et per 
easdem literas obligaverimus nos et bceredes nostros ad wa- 
rantizandum et defendendum eadem castra, dominia, Tilla8> 
maneria, honoree, et feoda comitatuum, ac omnia in eisdem 
Uteris pnemissa, cum pertinentiis, praefatis episcojus, &&, 
et preedictis aliis personis jam defunctis, lueredibus et as- 
signatiB Buis, contra omnes gentes. Quas quidem omnes 
prsedictas literas nostras, auctoritate Pailiamenti noatri apud 
Westmonaaterium [vicesimo] quinto die Februarii anno regni 
nostri viceumo tertio incepti et usque duodecimum diem 
Martii anno regni nostri vicesimo quarto et postea durautis, 
eodem duodecimo die ratificaverimus, con6nnaTerimu8, et 
approbaverimuB ; ac omnia et singula castra, dominia, ma- 
neria, bameletta, feodi firmas, bundreda, molendina, terras, 
tenementa, redditUB, serritia, bonores, villas, socas, et feoda 
comitatuum, ac csetera prsemissa in eisdem Uteris contenta, 
Dominata, sive spedficata, eisdem episcopis. Sic., et pree- 
dictis aliis peisoniB jam defunctis, bteredibus et assignatis 
suis, auctoritate prsedicta, dederimus et concesserimus : — 
Habenda eibi et hseredibus et assignatis buib in perpetuum, 
ad perfidendum et perimplendum voluntatem nostram de 
et super dispositione eomndem caBtrorum, dominiorum, 
maneriorum, bamelettorum, feodi firmarum, hundredorum. 



^d by Google 



M6 

appurteDances, together with the knighti^ fees and all 
other profits and commodides belonging or pertaining to 
the same castles, lordships, tomis, manors, honors, and 
fees of counties, to the same hiehops, &&, and to the 
aforesaid others now deceased, their heirs and assigns, 
of us and our heirs, b; fealty only, without rendering 
to us or our heirs anything else therefore^ Saving al- 
ways and reserved to us and our heirs Dukea of Lan< 
caster the advowsons of churches, abbeys, priories, vi> 
oarages, diantries, chapels, hoepitala, and other ecclenas- 
tical benefices whatsoever, in any manner belonging to (be 
same castles, lordships, towns, manors, honors, and fees of 
counties, with their members and appurtenances. And 
by the same letters we bound ourself and our heirs to 
warrant and defend against all people the same castles, 
lordships, towns, manors, honors, and fees of counties, 
and all the premises in the same letters, with the appur- 
tenances, to the aforesaid bishops, &c., and to the afore- 
said other persons now deceased, their heirs and assigns. 
All which our aforesaid letters, by the authority of our 
Parliament begun at Westminster on the [twenty-] fifth day 
of February in the twenty-third year of our reign, and 
continuing until tlie twelfth day of March in the twenty- 
fourth year of our reign and after, we on the same 
twelfth day ratified, confirmed, and approved; and all and 
singular the castles, lordships, manors, hamlets, fee-Auma, 
hundreds, mills, lands, tenements, rents, services, honors, 
towns, sokes, and fees of counties, and the rest of the pre- 
mises contained, named, or specified in the same letters, we, 
by the authority aforesaid, gave and granted to the same 
bisbops, &C., and to the aforesaid other persons now de- 
ceased, their heirs and assigns:— To have to tbem and 
their heirs and asmgns for ever, to do and fulfil our will, 



^d by Google 



«70 

moleDdinorum, terranuD, teQemeDtorum, reddituum, aer- 
Titioniin, honorum, Tillarum, Bocarum, et feodorum comi- 
tatuum, ac ceeterorum prsemiBeorum, per nos tunc in po». 
tenim fiendam et ordiaandam, eisdem feoffatis nostria pree- 
diclis es parte nostra declarandam et notificaDdam. Salvia 
quibuBCunque ligeis nostria, statu, poseeBsIone, jure, titulo, 
et iuteresee suis, ac vadiis, feodis, anuuitaUbus, custodiia, 
officiiB, et firmiB quibuscunque, de dicto ducatu nostro Las- 
caetri», aut aliqua parcelU prtemissorum, si quse habuerint 
ID ^sdem. Ac ex certa scientia et mero motu nostrie, aucti>- 
ritate Parliamenti uostri apud Westmonasterium duodetnmo 
die Februarii anno regni nostri vice&tmo eeptimo incepU, et 
usque dedmum sextum diem Julii eodem anno et poatea 
durautis, eodem decimo sexto die dederimus, concesseri- 
mus, et carta noetra confinnaTerimus Willielmo Winto- 
neufii, ac praebtis Thomse Bathoneosi et Wellenai, Jobanni 
Wigomenai, Waltero Norwicenai, Jobanni Menevenei, Jo- 
hanni Lincolnensi per nomen Johannis Chedworth clerid, 
epiBCopis; necnon prsefatia yicecomiti, Radulpbo domino 
de Sudeley, Jobanni domiot^ de Bcaucbamp ; necnon Wil- 
lielmo Westbury, Henrico Ssuef, Ricardo Andrewe, Wil- 
lielmo Say, Roberto Wodelarke, Thomse Barker, clericis ; 
Edmuado Huogerford militi ; Jobanni Hampton, Jobanni 
Noreya, et Jobanni Say, armigeiis ; ac aliia jam defunctis, 
bseredibns et assignatis auis, oastrum, dominium, ^ve nu- 
nerium de Novo Castro subtua Lymam, in comitatu Staf- 
fordise, cum pertinentiis ; — wapentacbium eive aocagium de 
Werkisworth et AsshebuTo, ac wapentacbium de Plumtre 
et Ryseley, cum aingulia eorum pertinentits, in comitatu 
Derbeiae; — wapentacbium de Allerton cum pertinentiis, 
maneria de Laugton, Gryngeley, et Wbeteley, cum perti- 
nentiia, in comitatu Nodngbamise et alibi;' — manerium de 
FuUmodeston, necnon finnam et redditua ejusdem in co- 



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ceased, their bein and BsaigtiB : — To hftve to them and 
their heirs and uaigne for ever, to do and fulfil our will, 
by us at that time tbereofter to be made and ordained, 
and to be declared and notified on our behalf to our 
aforesaid feoffees, of and respecting the disposition of 
the same castles, lordships, manors, hamlets, fee-farms, 
hundreds, mills, lands, tenements, rents, serrices, honors, 
towns, sokes, and fees of counties, and the other pre- 
mises. Saving to whomsoever our lieges their estate, pos- 
session, right, title, and interest, and the wages, fees, an- 
nuities, wardships, offices, and farms wbatBoever, of our 
said duchy of Lancaster, or any parcel of the premises, 
if they should have any in the same. And of our cer- 
tidn knowledge and mere motion, by the authority of 
our Parliament at Westminster, begun on the twelfth day 
of February in tbe twenty-seventh year of our reign, and 
continuing until the sixteentb day of July in the same 
year and after, we on tbe same sixteenth day gave, grant- 
ed, and confirmed by our charter to William bishop of 
Winchester, and to the aforesaid Thomas bishop of Bath 
and Wells, John bishop of Worcester, Walter bishop of 
Norwich, John bishop of St David's, John bishop of 
Lincoln by the name of John Cbedwortb, clerk; also to 
the aforesaid viscount, Ralph lord de Sudley, Jtibo lord 
de Beauchamp; also to William Westbury, Henry Seuer, 
Richard Andrewe, William Say, Robert Wodelark, Thomas 
Barker, clerks; Edmund Hungerford, knight; John Hamp- 
ton, John Noreyi^ and John Say, esquires; and others now 
deceased, their heirs and assigns, the castle, lordship, or 
manor of Newcastle-under-Lyme, in the county of Staf- 
ford, with its appurtenances ;■— the wapentake or socage 
of Wirkswortb and Asbbome, and the wapentake of 
Plumtree and Ristey, with every of tbeir appurtenances, 



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Fullmoileston, necnon firmam et redditus ejusdem in co- 
mitatu Norffolciie, cum pertinentiis ; — manerium de Brad- 
ford cum pertiDentils, castrum, dominium, et manerium de 
Kuaresburgh, maneria de Screvene, Rouclyff, et Aldelbum, 
ballivam biirgi de Knaresburgh, molendina de Knareeburgbt 
et fbrestsm sive chaceam de KiureBburgb, cum pertinentiis, 
una cum omnibus «t singulis exitibus, Grmis, reventioni- 
buB, proficuis, et commoditatibus de Warfedale, Swyndwii 
Okeden, et FuUwytfa, cum pertdnentiis, ac aliis proficuis 
dictffi forestae quibuscunquie, parcum de Haywra, parcum 
de Bylton, et parcum del Hay cum pertinentiis, cum om- 
nibus et singulis firmis, proficuis, TCTentionibus, et cornmo- 
ditatibuB ballivae libertatis de Knaresburgh pnedictie, [mo- 
leudiiia] de Burghbrigge, et wapentacbium de Stanclyff cum 
pertinentiia, castrum, dominium, et manerium de Pikciyng 
cum pertinentiis, manerium de Scalby cum pertinentiis, 
et cum agistamento et omnibus aliia proficuis ejusdem 
manerii, una cum exitibue, proficuis, reventionibuB, et 
commoditatibua ballirse libertatis de I^keryng prsdictee, 
in comitatu Eborum et alibi ; — manerium de Henton cum 
pertinentiis, manerium de Wodespene cum pertinentiis, 
in comitatu Bercheri^ ; — et manerium de Pole cam per- 
tinentiis, in comitatu Wilteuee; necnon omnia et singula 
terras, teoementa, redditus, TeTersiones, et eervitia, cum 
pertinentiis, una cum feodis militum, panns, warennie, 
cbaceis, mineris, piscariis, ac ommbus et nngulJs alus 
proficuis et commoditatibus, quae nobis, vel hieredibui 
nostris DudbuB Lancastriee, ratione dictorum castrorum, 
dominiorum, villarum, maueriorum, socagii, wapentacbio- 
rum, ballivarum, terrarum, et tenementorum, ac caetero- 
rum praemissorum, in comitatibus preedictis vel alibi, quffi 
parcella ducatus nostri Lancastrisp prsdicti tunc exti- 
terun^ pertiuebant vel competebant, aut pertinere vel coin- 



ed by GoOglc 



94S 

Wheatley, witb the appurtenances, in the county of Not- 
tingham, snd elsewhere ; — the manor of FulmodeBtoii, 
also the farm and rent of the Bame, in the county of- 
Norfolk, with tiie appurtenances ; — the manor of Brad- 
ford, with the sppurtenancee, the castle, lordship, and 
manor of Knaresborough, the manors of Seriven, Rocliffe, 
and Aldborough, the bailiwick of the borough of Knares- 
borough, the mills of Knaresborough, and the forest or 
chace of Knaresborough, with the appurtenances, together 
witb all and singular the issues, farms, revenues, profits, 
and commodities of Wbarfedale, Swindon, Okeden, and 
Fnlwith, with the appurtenances, and other profits what- 
ever of the said forest, the park of Haywra, the park of Bil- 
ton, and the park of the Hay, with the appurtenances, witb 
all and singular the farms, profits, revenues, and commo- 
dities of the bailiwick of the liberty of Knaresborough 
aforesaid, [the mills] of Boroughbridge, and the wapentake 
of Staincliffe, with the appurtenances, the castle, lordship, 
and manor of Pickering with the appurtenances, the manor 
of Scalby witb the appurtenances, and with the agistment 
and all other profits of the same manor, together with the 
issues, profits, revenues, and commodities of the bailiwick 
of the liberty of Pickering sforesfud, in the county of York, 
and elsewhere;— the manor of Henton with the appurte- 
nances, the manor of Wood Speen with the appurtenances, 
in the county of Berks i — and the manor of Poole with the 
appurtenances, in the county of Wilts; — and also all and 
singular the lands, tenements, rents, reversions, and ser- 
vices, with the appurtenances, together with the knights' 
fees, parks, warrens, chaces, mines, fisheries, and all and 
singular the other profits and commodiUes, which then 
pertained or belonged, or might in any manner pertain 
or belong, to us or our heirs Dukes of Lancaster by 



^d by Google 



M9 

petera tunc possent quovie modo ; et quae nos, aut pro- 
genitores vel «otecessores noatri Duces LAocaatrise, in 
ebdem csstris, dominiis, villia, maaeriig, burgo, Bocagio, 
wapentacbiis^ ballins, terriB, teaementis, ac ceeteris pne- 
missiB, rationfl ducatue nostri priedicti habere Hmu] percipera 
consuerimus ; necDon cum omnibuB proficuis, exitibue, re- 
ventionibus, et emolumentis, de quibuB per feodarioe noe- 
txoe, aeu progenitonim nostrorum vel aQtecessorum noa- 
troTum Ducum LancastrisB, comitatuam Susaexiae, Norf- 
fold», SomerBetise, DorBeti», Suthamptoniffi, Wiltesis, 
Oxoniee, et Bercberiee, cum pertinentiis, seu aliorum [?eorum] 
aliquem, Dobis seu aliqulbus dictorum progenitorum sive 
anteccBBorum nostrorum, ante ilia tempo» reepouderi usi- 
tatum fiierit vel conauetum: — Habendum et tenendum 
omnia et Bingula prsedicta castra, dominia, villaa, maneria, 
aocagium, wapentacfaia, molendinat ballivasi foreatam aive 
cbaceam, parcoa, ag^stamentum, terras, tenementa, red- 
ditus, revenionee, et Berrida, cum pertinentiia, una cum 
exitibus, proficub, reventionibus, et commoditatibus, emo- 
lumentiB, et cseteris praemissis quibuscunque, pnebtis epi- 
scopic^ &C. ; et pnedicliB aliis defunctis, bteredibuB et assig- 
natis Buis, a festo Sancti Micbaelis archangeli tunc ultimo 
prmterito in peipetuum, de nobis et heeredibua nostris, per 
fidelitatem tantmn, absque aliquo nobis vel heeredibua 
nostris reddendo; ad inde perficiendum et perimplendum 
Toluntatem noetram, per dob tunc lactam et wdinatam, 
vel per nos super eisdem extunc fiendam et ordinaDdam* 
ac eisdem epiBcopiB, &&, et prsedictis aliis jam defunclis, 
beeredibuB et assignatia suis, ex parte nostra declaratam et 
notificatam, vel in posterum declarandam vel notificandam. 
Salvia semper et reserratis nobis, et heeredibus nostris 
Ducibua LaucaBtriffi, advocation ibus ecclesiarum, abbatia- 
rum, prioratuum, vicariarum, cantariarum, capellarum, boe- 



^d by Google 



pertained or belonged, or might in any manner pertain 
or belong, to us or our heirs Dukes of Lancaster by 
reason of the stud castles, lordships, towns, manors, socage, 
wapentakes, bailiwicks, lands, and tenements, and the rest 
of the premises, in the comities aforescud, or elsewhere, 
which were then parcel of our duchy of Lancaster afore- 
said; and which we, or our progenitors or ancestors afore- 
said Dukes of Lancaster, had by reason of our duchy 
aforesaid been accustomed to have or perceive in the 
same castles, lordships, towns, manors, borough, socage, 
wapentakes, bailiwicks, lands, tenements, and the rest of 
the premises ; also with all the profits, issues, revenues, 
and emoluments, respecting which we or any of our said 
progenitors or ancestors had thitherto been used or ac- 
customed to be answered by the feodaries, or any one 
of them, of us or our progenitors or ancestors Dukes of 
Lancaster, of the counties of Sussex, Norfolk, Somerset; 
Dorset, Southampton, Wilts, Oxford, and Berks, with the 
appurtenances: — To have and to hold, Irom the feast of 
St Michael the Archangel then last past, all and sin- 
gular the aforesaid castles, lordships, towns, manors, so- 
cage, wapentakes, mills, buliwicks, forest or cbace, parks, 
agistment, lands, tenements, rents, reveruons, and services, 
with the appurtenances, together with the issues, profits, re- 
venues, and commodities, emoluments, and other premises 
whatsoever, to the aforesaid bishops, &&, and to the afore- 
said others deceased, their heirs and assigns, of ue and our 
heirs for ever, by fealty only, without rendering to us or 
our heirs any other thing; therewith to do and fulfil 
our will by us then made and ordained respecting the 
same, or thereafter to be made and ordiuned by us, and 
then declared and notified, or thereafter to be declared 
or notified on our behalf, to the same bishops, &c., and 



^d by Google 



S78 

cuDque, ebdem castriB, doouDiis, villie, maneriis, terris, seu 
tenementis, aut alicui eorum, ullo modo epectantibus. Et 
eadem auctoritate obligaTerimus noe et hseredee noetros ad 
warantizandum et defendeodum pr^edicta castra, dcaciniaT 
villas, maneiia, Bocagium, wapentacbia, molendina, bal- 
Hvaa, forestam, parcoe, agiBt&mentum, terras, tenementa, 
redditua, servitja, et rererBionea, cum pertinentiis, una cum 
onuiibus et sitiguliB aliis preemieflis, ezceptis prseexceptis 
et reservatis, praBfatia episcopis, &c^ et pnedictia alits 
jam defuDCtis, heeredibua et asaigDatis auia, contra omnes 
gentea. Concesserimiu etiam, auctoritate ejusdem Par- 
liament), quod omnes feo&ti noatri pnedicti in omoibuB 
pisemiaaia, tunc Buperstitibus, baberent et esercerent talia 
et bujuamodi libertates, jura regalia, consuetudines, &an- 
cbeaias, immunitates» et pririlegia, una cum omnibus et 
omnimodia proficuis eorundem, in ofmnibus et per omnia» 
ac eia gauderent et utantur, adeo plene et integre «cut 
nos, aut progenitores sire antecessores nostri predicti 
Ducea Lancaetriee, ea unquam pleniua seu liberiua babui- 
mua seu percepimus; et quod dicta castra, dominia, bo- 
Qores, villsB, maneria, terrie, tenementa, et csetera preemissa 
quaecunque, per tales et bujusroodi officiarioe et miniatroa 
regerentur et gubernarentur, per quales eadem castra, 
dominia, villEe, honores, maneria, terree, teoementa, et 
cetera praemissa, tam tempore noatro ante concessiooea 
aupradictas, quam temporibus aliorum progenitorum seu 
anteccBSorum noatrorum prsedictorum Ducum Lancas- 
trise, virtute quarumcunque cartarum per progenitores 
seu prsedecessores nostroa Regea Angliee, seu auctoritate 
aliorum Parliamentorum ante ilia tempora tentonun, facta- 
rum, uu, baberi ac regi et guberaart coQBueverunt. Conces- 
serimus etiam, eadem auctoritate, inter alia, quod omnes et 
singuli bominea, teneotea reeidentes, et alii residentea, de 



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to the aforesud others now deceased, their heirs and 
aseigDB. Saving always and reserved to us and our 
heirs Dukes of Laocaster the advowsons of churches, 
abbeys, priories, vicarages, chantries, chapels, hosjntals, 
and other ecclesiastical benefices whatsoever, in any 
manner belonging to the same castles, lordships, towns» 
manors, lands, or tenements, or to any one of them. 
And by the same authority we bound ourself and our 
heirs to warrant and defend against all people the afore- 
sud castles, lordships, towns, manors, socage, wapentakes, 
mills, bailiwicks, forest, parks, a^stment, lands, teoe- 
ments, rents, services, and reversions, with the appui^ 
tenancea, together with all and singular the other pre- 
mises, except the before excepted and reserved, to the 
aforesaid bishops, &c., and to the aforesaid others now 
deceased, their heirs and assigns. We likewise granted, 
by the authority of the same Parliament, that ali our 
aforesaid feoffees in all the premises, then alive, should 
have and exercise such and such sort of liberties, jura 
regalia, customs, franchises, immuDities, and privileges, 
together with all and all kinds of profits of the same, in 
all things and through all things, and should enjoy and 
use them, as fully and entirely as we or our proge- 
nitors or ancestors aforesaid Dukes of Lancaster ever 
most fully or freely bad or perceived them ; and that the 
said castles, lordships, honors, towns, manors, lands, tene- 
ments, and other premises whatsoever, should be ruled and 
governed by such and such kind of officers and ministers as 
the Bame castles, lordships, towns, honors, manors, lauds, te- 
nements, and other premises were accustomed to be used, 
had, and ruled and governed, as well in our own time 
before the aforesaid grants, as in the times of others 
our progenitors or ancestors aforesud Dukes of Lan- 



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et in pnedictiB castris, domiDiis, bonoribus, villiB, maneriiB, 
socBgio, ballivia, napentachits, terris, et teaemeDtis, ac aliu 
posBesBionibus prtedictia quibiucunque, toUbus bujusmodi 
fraachesiis, libertatibus, et prinlegiis, adeo plene et libera 
gauderent et ataotur, dummodo eadem caatra, bonores, do- 
miaia» vilbe, maneria, et cSBtera praemieea, in roanibuB prae- 
dictorum epiBcoporum et aliorum, &c^ bseredum aeu aieag- 
natoruin Buonuo, aut eorum alicujus, virtute conceBdoDiini 
preedictarum exiBtere cootingerent, sive in manibua noetria 
virtute aliquarum dimisaioDum inde nobis per eoadem epi- 
BcopoB et alios, Sec, vel partem eorum, ante ilia tempora fac- 
tarum, aut per eos, bseredes seu aseignatOB suos, vel eorum 
aliquos, extunc faciendarum, existere contingerent, quibuB et 
qualibus ac sicut aliqui homineB, tenentee reeidentea, seu alii 
reaideutea, in eisdem ubi et gaviei fiierunt temporibus quibus 
dicta castra, bonores, villte, dominia, maneria, socagium, bal- 
lirs, wapentachia, terrae, et tenementa, ac ceeteiffi poaaes- 
aioneB pr£edict<e, in manibue nostris, aeu aliquorum proge- 
nitorum aut antecessorum nostrorum praadictoriun Ducum 
Lancastriae extiterunt, sine occaaione vel impedimento nos- 
tri vel beeredum noatrorum, justitiariorum, eacaetorum, vice- 
comitum, coronatorum, aut aliorum ballivorum bcu minis- 
trorum noetrorum vel bferedum noBtronim quorumcunque^ 
Jamque pro eo quod quamplures feofiatorum pr^ietormn 
ab bac luce migraverunt, nos, de fidelttate, ^rcumspectione, 
et conscientiis Tbonue Cantuarien8i8,WilIielmi Eboracensis, 
archiepiHCoporum ; Thomee Londonensis, Willielmi Wnto- 
nensis, Johannis Roffenaia, Tbomse BatfaoneDsia et Wel- 
lensis, Johannis WigornenaiB, Walteri NorwicensiB, Georgii 
Exouienaia, Jobanuia Herefordenaia, Jobannie LincolnenMsj 
Z^urentii Dunelmensis, Johannia Coventreneis et Licbe- 
feldensia, episcoporum ; JohanniB WbetebamBtede abbatis 
Sancti Albani; Jaaperis comitis Pembrocbise, Ricardi co- 
mitis Warewici, Willielmi comitis Arundellise, Jobannis 



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274 

caster, by virtue of any charterB made by our progeaitora or 
predecessors Kings of EDgland, or by the authority of any 
otber Parliaments theretofore held. We also granted, by 
the same authority, amongst other things, tbat all and 
singular the men, resident tenants, and otber renants 
of and in the aforesaid castles, lordships, honors, towns» 
manors, socage, bailiwicks, wapentakes, lands and tene- 
ments, and otber possessions aforesaid whatsoever, might 
as fully and freely enjoy and use such and such sort of 
franchises, liberties, and privileges, — provided the same 
castles, honors, lordships, towns, manors, and other pre- 
mises ^ould happen to be, by virtue of the aforesaid 
grants, in the bands of the afbresiud bishops and others, 
&C., their heirs or assigns, or of any one of them; or 
that they should happen to be in our own hands by 
virtue of any demises thereof theretofore made to us 
by the same bishops and others, &&, or a part of them, 
or thereafter to be made by them, their heirs or assigns, 
or by some of them, — as and which any men, resident 
tenants, or other resiants used and enjoyed in the 
same in the times when the said castles, honors, towns, 
lordships, manors, socage, bailiwicks, wapentakes, lands 
and tenements, and otber poesessions aforesaid, were in 
the hands of us, or of any our progenitors or ancestors 
aforesaid Dukes of Lancaster, without let or hlnderance 
of us or our heirs, or of the justices, escheators, sberidls, 
coroners, or other bailiffs or ministers of us or of our 
heirs whomsoever. And now, for that many of the i 
feoffees aforesaid have departed from this life, we, fully " 
confiding in the futbfulness, circumspectness, and con- 
science of Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, William 
archbishop of York ; Thomas bishop of London, William 
bishop of Winchester, John bishop of Rochester, Thomas 
bishop of Bath and Wells, John bishop of Worcester, 



.y Google 



«75 

comitia Oxonue, Ricardi comitia Sarum; Henrici vioe- 
comids Bourgchier; Edmundi domini de Grey de Ruthyii, 
Leonis domini de Welles, Radulphi domini de Sudeley, 
JohanDiB domini de Beauchamp ; Johantiis Nevill militi^ 
Thomee Tyrell militia; Roberti Stillyngton, Williehni Saj, 
Jacobi Ooldwell, Robeiti Wodelarke, Willielmi Westbury, 
Willielmi MyUyogton, Hugonia Damtet, Tbom» Barker, de- 
ricorum; Jobanois Say, Johannis Hampton, Johannie Greo^ 
et Nicbolai Sbarpe, annigerorum, pleniua confidentee, ac 
certis de causia noB intime moventibus, ex certa scientia et 
mero motu noatris, auctoritate preesentie Farliamenti nostril 
apud Westmonaaterium septimo die Octobris anno regnt 
nostri tricesimo nono tenti, ordloamus, concedimus, et ata- 
bilimus, quod prsedictus status pnedictorum Johannis £>e- 
labere Menevensia episcopi, Edmundi Hungerford militia, 
Jobannis Noreya, in omnibua preemissia et qualibet par^ 
cella eorundem amodo cesset; quodque prtedicti Thomas 
CaatuarienBia, et Willielmus Eboracensia, archiepiscopi ; 
Thomas Londonenais, Willielmua Wintonenaia, Johannes 
Roffenaia, Thomas Bathonenaia et Wellensia, Johannes Wi- 
goraensis, Walterus Xorwicenais, Georgius Exonienais, 
Johannes Herefordensis, Johannes LincolDensia, Lauren- 
tius Dunelmengia, et Johannea Coventrensis et Lichfeld- 
ensia, episcopi ; Johannes abbas Sancti Aibani ; Jasper 
cornea Pembrochife, Ricardus comes Warewid, Willielmus 
comes Anindelliee, Johannes comes Oxonise, Ricardus cornea 
Sarum ; Henricus Ticecomee Bourgchier ; Edmundus d&- 
minuB de Grey de Ruthyn, Leo dominus de Welles, Ra- 
dulphuB dominus de Sudeley, Johannes dominus de Beau- 
cfaamp; Johannes Nevill miles, Thomas Tyrell miles; Ro- 
bertus Stillyngton, Willielmus Say, Jacobus Goldwell, Ro- 
bertus Wodelarfce, Willielmus Westbury, Willielmus Mil- 
lyngton, Hugo Damlet, Thomas Barker, clerici ; Johannes 
Say, Johannes Hampton, Johannes Grene, et Nicbolaus 



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975 

Walter bishop of Norwich, Geoi^e bishop of Exeter, 
John bishop of Hereford, John biehop of LidcoId, Law- 
rence biahop of Durham, John bishop of Coventry and 
Lich6e1d; John Wbetehamstede, abbot of Saint Albana; 
Jasper earl of Pembroke, Richard earl of Warwick, Wil- 
liam earl of Arundel, John earl of Oxford, Richard earl of 
Salisbury; Henry viscount Bourgchier; Edmund lord de 
Grey of Ruthyn, Leo lord de Wells, Ralph lord de Sud- 
ley, John lord de Beaucbamp ; John Nevill, knight, 
Thomas Tyrell, knigfat; Robert Stillyngton, William 
Say, James Goldwell, Robert Wodelark, William West- 
bury, William Myllyngton, Hugh Damlet, Thomas Bar- 
ker, clerks; John Say, John Hampton, John Grene, and 
Nicholas Sharpe, esquires; and for certain causes in- 
wardly moving us. do, of our certain knowledge and 
mere motion, by the authority of our present Parlia- 
ment holden at Westminster on the seventh day of Oc- 
tober in the thirty-ninth year of our reign, ordain, grant, 
and establish that the aforesmd estate of the aforesaid 
John Delabere bishop of St David's, Edmund Hunger- 
ford, knight, and John Noreys, in all the premises and 
in every parcel of them, do from this time cease ; and «d ib> ■ 
that the aforesaid Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, "'^"'* 
and William ardibisbop of York; Thomas bishop of 
London, William bishop of Winchester, John bishop of 
Rochester, Thomas bishop of Bath and Wells, John 
bishop of Worcester, Walter bishop of Norwich, Geotge 
bishop of Exeter, John bishop of Hereford, John bi- 
shop of Lincoln, Lawrence bishop of Durham, and John 
bishop of Coventry and Lichfield; John abbot of 
Smnt Albans; Jasper earl of Pembroke, Richard earl of 
Warwick, William earl of Arundel, John earl of Ox- 
ford, Richard earl of Salisbury; Henry viscount Boui^ 
chier; Edmund lord de Grey of Ruthyn, Leo lord de 



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876 

Sharpei armigeri, babeant statum in omnibus castrie, ma- 
tieriis, dotniniis, po88e88i<Hubu8, terns, teneneDtis, seiritiis, 
firodi finnifl, feodis comitatuuon, libertadbuB, frsnchesiia, et 
cseteris pTGemissis quibuscunquoi et ea omnia babeant et 
teneant eibi, haeredibus et aasignatis suis, in perpetuum, 
ad perficiendum et perimplendum inde Toluntatem nostram 
de et super dispositione eorundem declaratam seu declaran- 
dam, de nobis et hseredibus noBtris, per fidelitatem tantum, 
pro omnibus aervitiis, una cum feodis militutn, &c., et aliis 
proficuis et commoditatibus supradictis quibuscimque, adeo 
plene et integre, et eisdem modo et forma, sicut nos omnia 
pnemissa prsefatiB Witlielmo Wintonensi, Tboms Batho- 
nensi et Wellensi, Jobanni Wigomensi, Waltero Nor- 
wicensi, Jobanni Menevensi, Johannl Lincolnensi per no- 
men Jobannis Chedworth clerici, episcopis ; necnon Jo- 
banni TtcecomiU Beaumont, Radulpbo domino de Sudeley, 
Jobanni domino de Beaucbamp ; necnon Willielmo West- 
bury, Henrico Seuer, Ricardo Andrewe^ Willielmo Say, 
Roberto Wodelarke, Thonue Barker, clerids; Edmundo 
Hungerford militi; Johanni Hampton, Jobanni Noreys^ 
et Jobanni Say, annigeris, per prsedictaa alias literas 
nostras patentes, et auctoritate aliorum Parliamentorum 
preedictorum, conjuncUm dedissemus, concessissemus,' et 
confirmaTisaemue. Et nos et beeredes nostri omnia prae- 
miasa cum pertjnentiis prsefatis Tbom» Cantuariensi, Wil- 
lielmo Ebraacensi, arcbiepiacopis ; Thomee Londonenu, Wil- 
lielmo Wintonen^, Jobanni Roffensi, Thomee Bathonenn 
et Wellena, Jobanni Wigomensi, Waltero Norwicensi, 
Georgio Exoniensi, Johanni Herefordenai, Johanni Lin- 
colnensi, Laurentio Dunelmenffl, Jobanni Corentrensi et 
Lichefeldensi, episcopis; Jobanni aU»ti; Jaaperi comiti 
Fembrocbiie, Ricardo comiti Warewici, Willielmo comili 
Arundelliro, Jobanni comiti Oxoniee, Ricardo comiti Saruna ; 
Henrico vicecomiti Bourgchier; EdmundodominodeGrey, 



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S76 

Wella. Ralph lord de Sudley, John lord de Beauchamp; 
John Nevill, koight, Tbonus Tyrell, knight; Robert Stil- 
l^Dgton, William Say, James Goldwell, Robert Wodelark, 
William Weetburr» William Myllyngton, Hugh Damlet, 
Thomas Barker^ clerks ; John Say, John Hampton, John 
Grene, and Nicholas Sharpe, esquires, do have an estate 
in all the castles, manors, lordships, posaessions, lands, 
tenements, services, fee-farms, fees of countjes, liber- 
ies, francbises, and other premises whatsoever, and do 
have and hold them all to themselves, their heirs and 
assigns, for ever, therewith to do and fulfil our will de> 
clared or to be declared respecting and upon the dis- 
posal of the same, of us and our heirs, by fealty only, 
in lieu of all services, together with the knights' fees, 
&C., and other profits and commodities aforesaid what- 
soever, as fully and entirely, and in the same manner 
and form, as we by our aforesaid letters patent, and by 
the authority of the other Parliaments aforesaid, did give, 
grant, and confirm all the premises conjointly to the 
aforesaid William bishop of Winchester, Thomas bishop 
of Bath and Wells, John bishop of Worcester, Walter 
bishop of Norwich, Jdin bishop of St David's, John 
bishop of Lincoln by the name of John Chedworth, clerk ; 
and to John viscount Beaumont, Ralph lord de Sudley, 
John lord de Beauchamp; and to William Westbury, 
Henry Seuer, Richard Andrewe, William Say, Robert 
Wodelark, Thomas Barker, clerks ; Edmund Hungerford, 
knight; John Hampton, John Noreys, and John Say, 
esquires. And we and our heirs do warrant against all 
people all the premises, with their appurtenances, to the 
aforesaid Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, William 
archbishop of York; Thomaa bishop of London, William 
bishop of Winchester, John bishop of Rochester, Thomas 
bishop of Bath and Wells, John bishop of Worcester, 



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S77 

Leoni domino de Wellea, Radulpho domino de Sudeley, 
Jobanni domino de Beauchamp; Jobanni Nevill militi, 
'rhomae Tyrell militi; Roberto StiUyngton, Willielmo Say, 
Jscobo Goldwell, Roberto Wodelarke, Williebno Westbury, 
WilUelmo Millyngton, Hugoni Damlet^ Thomse Barker, 
clericis; Jobanni Say, Johanni Hampton, Jobanni Grene, 
et Nicbolao Sbarpe, annigeria, bseredibus et asaigoatis suis^ 
contra omnea gentes warantizabimus in perpetumn. SaWu 
nobis statu et termino nostrie quos habemus in prromissis 
ez dimissione prsBdictorum Willielmi Wintonensia, Thome 
Bathonensis et Wellensia, Jobannia Wigomenua, Walteii 
Korwicensis, Jobannia Menevenaia, Jobannia Lincobiensie, 
episcoporum; necnon prsefatorum vicecomitia Beamnon^ 
Radulphi domini de Sudeley, Jobannis domini de Beau- 
cbamp; necnon Willielmi Weatbury, Henrit» Seuer, Ri- 
cardi Andrewe, Robert! Wodelarke, Tbonue Barker, cleii. 
corwn; Edmundi Hungerfotd militia; Jobannis Hampton, 
Johaonis Noreya, et Jobannis Say, armigerorum. Insu- 
perque, auctoritate prsesentis Parliamenti, ordinamu% to- 
lumuB, et atabilimus, quod omnia eritus, proficua, et emo- 
lumeuta de omnibua preemissis, aecnon de arreragiis eo- 
nindem, ultra onera ea incumbentia provenientia, in nullos 
alios U8U8 convertaotur, nisi tantummodo in perfectionem 
et complementum Toluntatia nostrsB super dlspoaitione eo> 
rundem per nos declaratae vet in poaterum declarandse ; 
quamvia nos prffimiaaa vel aliquod preemisBorum ad tenni- 
num diutiorem, ex dimiseione preedietormn Tbomse Cantu- 
arienaia, Willielmi Eboracensis, arcbiepiacoporum ; Tbomsa 
Londonenaia, Willielmi Wintouensis, Jobannis Roflenaia^ 
TboDue Batbonensis et Wellenaia, Jobannis Wigomensia, 
Walteri Norwicensia, Georgii Exoniensia, Jobannia Here- 
fordenaie, Jobannia Lincolnenaia, Laurentii Dunelmeneisy 
Jobannis Coventrenaia et Lichefeldeuaia, episcoporum ; Jo- 
bannis abbatia ; Jasperia comitis Pembrochiae, Ricardi co- 



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Walter bishop of Norwich, George bishop of Exeter, 
John bishop of Hereford, John biahop of Liocoln, Law- 
rence bishop of Durham, John bishop of Coventry and 
Lichfield ; John the abbot; Jasper earl of Pembroke, Richard 
earl of Warwick, William earl of Arundel, John earl of Ox- 
ford, Richard earl of Salisbury; Henry viacount Bourg- 
chier, Edmund lord de Grey, Leo lord de Wells, Ralph lord 
de Sudley, John lord de Beauchamp ; John Nevill, knight, 
Thomas Tyrell, knight; Robert Stillyngton, William Say, 
James Gold well, Robert Wodelark, William Westbury, 
William MiUyngton, Hugh Damlet, Thomas Barker, 
clerks; John Say, John Hampton, John Grene, and Ni- 
cholas Sharpe, esquires, their heirs and assigns for ever. 
Saving to us our estate and term which we have in timKIbi'i 
the premises by demise of the aforesaid William bishop g^tJH!* 
of Winchester, Thomas bishop of Bath and Wells, John ^^^ 
bishop of Worcester, Walter bishop of Norwich, John *^'*™"- 
bishop of St David's, John bishop of Lincoln ; and of the 
aforesaid viscount Beaumont; Ralph lord de Sudley, John 
lord de Beauchamp; and of William Westbury, Henry 
Seuer, Richard Andrewe, Robert Wodelark, Thomas Bar- 
ker, clerks; Edmund Hungerford, knight; John Hampton, 
John Noreys, and John Say, esquires. And, moreover, by tih uum 
the authority of the present Parliament, we do ordun, will, <>''^pn- 
and establish, that all the issues, pro6tB, and emoluments '^^,™^, 
arising from all the premises, as also from the arrears ^'^>^* 
of the same, beyond the chaiges incumbent on them, be 
converted to no other uses but only to the doing and ful- 
filment of our will declared or hereafter to he declared 
respecting the disposal of the same ; though we should "><»^>> ''• 
in future have the premises, or any of the premises, for £1^"^^* 
a farther certain term, by demise of the aforesaid Thomas ^^^" 
archbishop of Canterbury, William archbishop of York ; 



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«78 . 

initi8 Warevid, T^lielmi comitis AnindelUie, Johannis co- 
mitU Oioniae, Ricardi comitas Sarum ; Henrid ncecomitis 
Bourgchier; Edmundi domini de Grey, Leoois domini 
de Welles, Radulphi de Sudeley, Jotuoms dtKiuiu de 
Beauchamp ; JohaniiiH Nerill militia ; Thomee Tyrell rni- 
lids; Boberti StiUyngtott, Willielmi Say, Jacobi Goldwdl, 
Roberti Wodelarke, Willielmi Weatbury, WiUielmi Mil- 
lyngton, ThomsB Barker, clencorum ; Jobannia Say, Jo- 
baDQiB Hampton, Jobannia Greoe, et Nicbolai Sbarpe, 
annigerorum, ad certum tenninum habuerimuH in fiitunmi. 
Et ulteriuB, auctoritate died prseBentiB Parliamenti nostri. 
concedimuB, ordinamua, et stabilimiia, quod omnee et sin- 
guli died bomines, tenentes reeidentes, et alii residentes, 
habeant, gaudeant et ezerceant^ omnia libertates, &anebe~ 
sias, privilegia, jura regalia, coneuetudines, immunitates 
Bupradicta ; ac etiam quod omnia et singula prtemissa per 
officiarioB et ministroB nostroB died ducatus nratri Lancas- 
trise et per sigillum nostrum ejusdem ducatus, et non aliter, 
gubementur et conserrentur ; et quod atatua et tenniniis 
noster in preemiaais Bit et pertineat nobis in Jure Ducatus 
nostri preedicti. 

Proviso semper, quod prsesenB Actus dod ait prsejudi- 
cialis alicui ofiSdariorum seu ministronim nostronim du- 
catus nostri prsedicd, aut aliquorum prsemissorum vel ali- 
cujus iude parcellse, de, in, seu pro aliquibus officiis, feodis, 
vadiis, et regardie eia Tel eorum alicui inde ante haec tem- 
pera concessis dve in poaterum concedendia. 



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«78 

Thonuts bishop of London, Wlliom bishop of Wiocbester, 
John bishop of Rochester, Thomas bishop of Bath and 
Wells, John bishop of Worcester, Walter bishop of Nor- 
wich, George bishop of Exeter, John bishop of Hereford, 
John biBhop of Lincoln, Lawrence bishop of Durham, John 
bishop of Coventry and Lichfield; John the abbot; Jasper 
earl of Pembroke, Richard earl of Warwick, William earl 
of Arundel, John earl of Oxford, Richard earl of Salis- 
bury; Henry viscount Bourgchier; Edmund lord de 
Grey, Leo lord de Wells, Ralph [lord] de Sudley, John 
lord de Beauchamp; John Nerill, knight, Thomas Tyrell, 
knight: Robert SttUyngtoo, William Say, James Gold- 
well, Robert Wodelark, William Westbury. William Mil- 
lyngton, [Hugh Damlet,] Thomas Barker, clerks ; John Say, 
John Hampton, John Grene, and Nicholas Sharpe, esquires. 
And furthermore, by the authority of our said present Far- tim wuu 
liament, we do grant, ordain, and establish, that all and nuu enjav 
every the said men, reudent tenants, and other resiants ^'|^;*^ 



may have, enjoy, and exercise all the liberties, fi-anchises, 



sutd bj tb 



privileges, jura regaliat customs, and immunities abovesaid ; u,, ^aX, «i 
and also that all and singular the prenuses be governed «Kt"^^ 
and kept by our Officers and Ministers of our sud Duchy b«i. 
of Lancaster, and by our Seal of the same Duchy, and not 
otherwise ; and that our estate and term in the premises be 
and pertain to us in right of our Duchy aforesaid. 

Provided always, that this present Act be not prejudicial 
to any of our Officers or Ministers of our aforesaid Duchy, 
or of any of the premises or any parcel thereof, in, for, or 
in respect of any offices, fees, wages, and rewards therein 
before this time granted, or hereafter to be granted, to 
them or any of them. 



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XXXVI. 

Hotulus ParliBmenli teoti apud WeatmoaMterium, anno T«gi)i R^a 
Edwardi Quarii priroo. 

CONVICI'IO QUOHUNDAH DOMINORUM ET ALIORUM 
AUCTORITATE PaRLIAHENTI. 

It, quSBdam cedula, fonnani ActuB ia se 
!° tineDs, exhibita fuit prafato domino Regi 

prseeenti PBrliamento, sub eo qui sequitur 

>re verborum. 
For asuoche as Henry, late Kyng Henry the Sixt^ 
ayenBt the honoure and trouth that owe to be stablisshed 
in every Christien Prynce, dissimilyng with the right noble 
and famous Prynce Richard Due of York, to whome it 
.lyked at the grete and special! instaunce of the same 
Henry, and of the Lordes Spirituelx. and Temporelx, 
and Commyns of the Reame of Englond, solempnely 
to hym made, and for the tender and aatunill zele and 
affection that he bare unto the Commyn Wele, good pol- 
litique, and restfull govemaunce tberof, to take hie viage 
irom the cite of London toward the North parties of 
the seid Reame, to reprease, subdue and resist the un- 
leefull and inordyngt commotion and riotte there bigonne, 
to the subversion of the seid Commen Wele, politique 
and restfull govemaunce ; natheles procured, stored 
and excited, ayenat his promisse, and the forme of the 
convention and concorde made bitwene hem of and uppon 
the right and title of the seid Coroune, Roiall power, 
Dignite, Estate, Preemynence and Possession of the seid 



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Reame, the murdre of the same Due. And wbere the 
eeid Henry Uaurpour, dissimilyng the destructioD of 
other Lordes and pereonea of the same Reame, by his 
writts called to aseiet hyin to attend uppon his persone, 
to resiste and represae another commocion of people, by 
his aaseot aad wille gadered, and waged not oonly in 
the North parties, hut also oute of Scotlond, coniniyng 
irom the same parties with Margarete late called Quene 
of Englond, and hir son Edward, late called Frynce of 
Wales, entendyng to the extreme destruction of the aeid 
Reame, namely of the South parties therof, wherof ex- 
perience aheweth the clereneB> respect had to the spoile 
by theym of Godds chirch, of cbalesses, crossee of sylver, 
boxes for the Sacrament, and other onourments loogyng 
theruDto, of defoulyng and ravisshing Religious wymmeo, 
wedowes and maydena, of unmanly and abbomynable 
entretyng of wymmen heyng in tlie natural! labour and 
bataille of travailyng of child, by the moyne therof pi- 
teously disperaged, Heven sorowyng the lost tberby of 
the Boules that shuld hare been of the felausbip of 
Crietendom and of the blisse of Heven, not abhorryng 
of unmanly, unnaturall and beestly cruelte to drawe wym- 
men beyng in chlldehedde Irom their bedda naked, and to 
spoile hem of all her goods, a piteous desolacion. The 
same Henry, actour, fiictour and provoker of the seid 
commocion, and aasentyng of covyne with the seid Mar- 
garete, Henry Due of Somerset, and Henry late Erie of 
Nortbumberlond, in a bataille to be shewed unto hym, 
and offered of fraudulent dissimilacion, in a feld beside 
the toune of Seint Albones, the xtii day of Feverer 
last past, not joynyng bis persone and blode to the de- 
fence, tuition and sal?acion of the same Lordes and per< 
Bones commen to assist hym by his auctorite and corn- 



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miundement, lyko a victorious and a noble captayne, 
but lyke a diaaeyvable coward, ayenet princely uxl 
knyghtly duetee, sodeoly» privately aud Bbamefully «■ 
ftued theym, Bufferyng and procuryng to diasrivably tb' 
efliicion of their blode, and horrible murdre and detb, 
not haryng tberof sorowe, pitee or oanpasnon; »- 
heryng to tbe seid Margaret, and to the seid Doc ol 
Somerset, and other Lordes and peraones that committed 
the aeid orrible and cruell murdre of the s^d Due of 
York, and of the Erics of RuUond and Salesbuiy, koA 
also of tbe seid people, in the seid felde beside the «wd 
toune of Seint Albonea, yevyng therfor to the seid Due 
and other aseistyng theym therin a speciall laude «m 
thank, from thensforth appliyng to theym and to ^ 
outrageous, unlefull, and unlawfull riotts and mysgofer- 
naunce; after that sufferyng wilfully thoo worthy and good 
Knyghtes, William Lord Bonvile and Sir Thomas KiryeU. 
for the prowesae of knyghthode approved in their persones 
called to the order of the Garter, and William Cover, 
squier, tbe berer of oon of bis baners, whom to he made 
feith and assuraus under Kynges word, procedyng 'ro'" 
his mouth, to kepe and defend theym there from lU 
hurt, joupardie and perell, to be murdred, and af^ ^ 
tyraunously boded, with grete violence, withoute procesK 
of lawe or any pitee, contrary to his aeid feitb and pro* 
myaae, abhomynable in the heryng of all Christen PrynceB. 
• • • • • 

Bi^.iMe It be declared and adjuged, by th'asaent and advie of tbe 
JJjJJ'^ Lordes Spirituelx and Temporelx, and Commyns, beyng 
^H^'"'' in 1^» present Parlement, and by auctorite (tf the same, 
''™"' that the seid Henry, late called Kyng Heniy the iSiit, 
for the consideracione of the grete, haynouse, and de- 
testable malice and offenses afore specifyed, by bym corn- 



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mitted ayenst his Feitfa and Liegeaunce to oure Beid 
Liege Lord Kyog Edward the Fourth, his true, right- 
wisse, aod naturall Liege Lord, offended and hurte un- 
juBtely and unlawfully Uie Roiall Mageste of oure seid 
Soverayne Lord, ["stand and be, by the seid advise and 
assent, convicted and atteinted of High Treason} And Mdii»iifl>t- 
tbat it be ordeyned and stablisshed, by the seid advia, p«i—nm 
aaeent and auctorite, that the same Henry forfet unto ^^"^^. 
the same ours Liege Lord Kyng Edward the Fourth, 
and to tite seid Coroune of Euglond, all caetelxs, ma- 
ners, lordships, tounee, touneships^ honours, landes, te- 
nementes, rentes, services, feefermes, knyghtes' fees, ad- 
Tousons, hereditaments and possessions, with their ap- 
purtenauncez, which be, or any other to his use, had 
the third day of Marche last past, beyng of the Duchie 
of Lancastre, or that were any parcell or membre of 
the same Duchie, or theninto unyed or annexed, in the 
first yere of the reigne of Henry, late called Kyng 
Henry the Fyft, or at any tyme sith. And that it be thauup». 
ordeyned and stablisshed, by the seid advis, assent and *<»''K^f 
auctorite, that the same maners, castelles, lordships, ho- Jjijjj,)^" 
nours, tounes, touueships, landes, tenementes, rentes, ".^"0^^^^ 
services, feefermes, knyghtes' fees, advousons, heredita- ^r^^""' 
ments and possessions, with their appurtenaunces, in Eng- 
lond, Wales and Caleie, and tlie Marches therof, make, 
and from the seid fourth day of Marche be, the seid 
Duchie of Lancastre corporat, and be called the Duchie 
of Lancastre. And that oure seid Soverayne Lord Kyng ihtKinfio 
Edward the Fourth have, sease, take, hold, enjoy and uDHwhim 
enherit, all the same manoire, castelles, and other pre- ||/J^ 
misses, with tbeir appurtenauncez, by the same name 

* The wotil» between erotchet» are writlcii in tlie mirgin of the Par- 
liuiiciit Roll. 



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of Duchie, fro all other bis enheriUuacez separate, fro 

the seid fourth day of Marche, to hym and to hia faeires 

naCnuiT Kyogs of Englond perpetuelly. And that the Couate 

> c oun^P i- of Lancastre be a Counts PaUtyne. And that oure Liege 

^ruM and Soverayn Lord Kyng Edward the Fourth, aod his 

8Mi'ck^* heirea, have, as parcell of the seid Duchie, the Bsme 

Miiir, ftc. Countie of Lancastre a Counts Palatyne, and a Seale, 

ChauDceller, Juges and OfiScers there for the same; and 

all manere libertees, custumes, lawes roiall and fraun- 

chises, in the same CounUe Palatyne Uwfully and right- 

■Bothv s«i wisely used ; and over that another Seale, called the Seale 

HfiiafiiM of the Duchie of Lancastre, and a Chaunceller for the 

kepyng therof. Officers and Counceillers for the gidyng 

and govemaunce of the same Duchie, and of the par- 

ticuler ofBcers, ministres, tenauntee and inhabitaunts 

therof, in as grete, ample, and large forme as Henty, 

callyng hymsilf Kyng Henry the Fyft, at any tyme 

Tii*offl«n therin had, used, or enjoyed lawfully. And that, by 

orilieIlDoh7, ' ' ,.,». ... ^ ' 

"""'"ihu ^'^^ same auctorite, the seid officers and mmistres, and 

^„1"^ also the tenauntez and inhabitaunts of and in the same 

ti^l^°Kiiii Duchie, have, use, excercise and enjoy such and all 

F)™]? * libertees, fraunchises, privileges and cuetumes, as the 

officers, miniBtres, tenauntes and inhabitaunts of the 

same Duchie had, used, excercised or enjoyed lawfully, 

in the tyme of the same Henry callyng hymeilf Kyng 

Henry the Fyft. And that also in the same Duchie be 

used, had and occupied, all such fredomes, libertees, 

frauncbises, custumes, privileges, and jurisdictions as 

were used therin lawfully afore the seid fourth day of 

Marche. And that the officers, ministres, tenauntes and 

inhabitaunts of or in the seid Duchie be entreated and 

demeaned accordyng to the same fredomes, libertees, 

fraunchises, custumes, privileges and jurisdictions, and not 



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distreyned, arted, or compelled to the contrary, in any 
wiae. 

* • • * » 

Savyng also to «II the Kynges Lieges, and to their < 
heires, and to every of theym, other than such as been 
attaynted by this Act, and their heires, claymyng by 
diecent by any of theym in manere aforeeeid attaynted, 
Buch title, right, interease and pOBsession as they or 
any of theym have, or the seid xxix day of Secembre, 
or the seid fourth day of Marche, had in the premisses 
or any parcell tfaerof, the seid Duchie of Lancastre, and 
every parcell and membre therof except, other than they 
or any of theym have, or the seid xxix day, or the 
seid fourth day of Marche, had in the premisses, or any 
parcel! therof; to the use and behofe of the seid per- 
Bones in manere aforeseid attaynted, or any of theym, 
or to the use of the betres of any of theym soo attaynted. 



Qua quidem cedula Communibus regni Anglise in eodem J 
Parliamento exietentabus transportata fuit, cui iidem Com- 
munes assensum suum preebuerunt sub hiis verbis : 

A cest Acte les Communez sount aesentuz. 

Quibus quidem cedula et assensu in Parliamento prae- 
dicto lectis, auditis et plenius intellectis, de avisamento et 
assensu Dominorum Spiritualium et Temporalium in 
dicto Parliamento existentium, respondebatur eisdem sub 
hiis verbis. 

LE Roy le voet. 



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xxxvn. 

Pro Ducatu Lancastrix. 

lIDWARDUS Dei gratia Rex Aaglie et Frauciae 

et DominuB Hibemi» omnibus ad quoa pree- 

seutee litersB pervenerint, salutem. Inspesi- 

muB Uteraa patentes Henrici Quart! nuper de 

hcto et Qoa de j ure Regis Anglis factas in luec verba : 

JESSJi&iisiii^a Dei gratJa Rex Anglis et Frandse et Do- 
minus HibemisB omnibus ad quos preesentes litem perve- 
nerint Balutem, Sciatis quod cum ducatue Lancastrise, ac 
quamplura alia comitatus, honores, castra, maneria, feoda, 
poesesaiones et dominia, infra regniun nostrum Anglite et 
Walli», ac alibi, nobis tarn per mortem Celebris memo- 
rise Henrici nuper Ducis Lancastrise ari nostri, ac ca- 
rissimi domtni et patris nostri JohaoniB nuper Ducia 
Laocaatriae, necnon carissimse domin» et m^a nostne 
Blancbise uxoris ejus, filise et baeredis pradicti Henrici, 
nobis jure bsereditario, antequam ad statum et dignitatem 
regalem rerum Dominus omnium sua inefisbili dementia 
nos nuperrime evocavit, descenderint et acdderint, in quibua 
quidem ducatu, comitatibus, bonoribua, castris, maneriis, 
pOBseasionibuB et dominiis, diversa libertates, jura re- 
galia, conauetudines et francheaise, dictia progenitoribus et 
antecesBoribus noetris, queedam, videlicet, eie et bseredibus 
de corporibus euia exeuntibusi et qusedam aibi et bieredibus 
mascuUa de corporibus suis exeuntibus, ac quaedam pnefato 
domino et patri noBtro ad terminum vitse sure, per diversas 
cartas, tam domini Edwardi nuper Regis Angliee an nos- 
tri, quam domtnt Ricardi nuper Regis' Anglise secundi 



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Fob the Duchy of Lancaster.* 



DWARD, by the grace of God, King of England ^*^^^^ 
and France and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom *"■ '"'■ 
the present letters eball come^ greeting. We have 
Inspected the letters patent of Henry the Fourth, 
late in fact and not of right King of England, made in 
these words : 

misii^^&ft by the grace of God, King of England and uth 0«. 
France and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present let- '■■- '^**' 
ten shall come, greeting. Know ye, that whereas the duchy RtttM am 
of Lancaster, and very many other counties, honors, castles, tutu iha 
manors, fees, possessions, and lordships, within our realm ^^^ 
of England and Wales and elsewhere, before the hord of ^Jj;^'" 
all things BO lately in his unspeakable mercy called us to ^^^^. 
the regal estate and dignity, did descend and come unto us 
by hereditary right, by the death as well of Henry of famous 
memory, late Duke of Lancaster, our grandfather, aa of our 
most dear lord and father John late Duke of Lancaster, and 
also of our most dear lady and mother Blanche, his wif^ 
daughter and heiress of the aforesaid Henry ; in which said >nd tti 
duchy, counties, honors, castles, manors, possessioDs, and *^^Vild" 
lordships, divers liberties, jura regalia, customs, and fran- ^^^'*' 
chises were and had been granted to our said progenitors tMrvi^*"" 
and ancestors, — to wit, some to them and the h^rs of their 
bodies issuing, and some to them and the heirs male of 
their bodies issuing, and some to our aforesud lord and 
preserved in the archivea of the Duchy 



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SS6 

post conquefltum, sunt et fiierant coDcesss, prout in cutis 
pnedictiB quarum teoores Bequuntur in luec verba, — 
EDWARDUS Dei gratia Rex Angliro et Fraaciae et Do- 
minus Hibemiffi omnibua ad quoa prffieentes literal per- 
venerint, salutem. Sciatis quod ei nos, debita considera- 
tione pensantee geetus magnifico8 cunctorum qui nobis in 
guerris nostris laudabiliter et Btrenue eervienint^ ipsos desi- 
deremus bonoribus attoUereet proTiribuajultameritap^ce-' 
miare, quanto magia filios noetros, quoB tam in sapientia quam 
in gestu nobili alioB pnecellere conspicimus, et qui nobia 
locum tenuerunt et tenere poterunt potiorem, nos convenit 
majoribus hoDoribua et gratiis praerogare. ConBiderantea 
itaque probitatem strenuam et aapientiam prteoelleatem 
carissimi filii nostri Johannis Regis Castellse et Leg^onis, 
DuciB Lancastriee, qui laboribua et espenais semper se 
nobis obsequiosum exhibuit, pro nobis pluriea in necessi- 
tatibuB intrepide se guerrarum discriminibus exponendo; et 
Tolentes eo praetextu ac desiderantes eundem filium nos- 
trum aliquali commodo et bonore ad prsseiis, licet non ad 
plenum, prout digna merita exposcunt, remunerare ; ex 
certa Bcientia nostra et Iseto corde, de asgenau prselatorum 
et procerum in instanti parliamento noatro apud Westmo- 
nasterium convocato existentium, concessimua, pro nobis et 
haeredibua nostris, prsfato filio noBtro, quod ipee ad totam 
vitam suam habeat infra comitatum Lancastriee cancella> 
nam auam, ac brevia sua aub sigillo buo pro officio cancel- 
larise deputando conaignanda, justitiarios buos tam ad pla- 
cita coronse quam ad quaecumque alia placita communem 
legem tangentia tenenda, ac cognitionea eorundem, et quB8< 
cumque executJonea per brevia aua et miniatroa auos ibidem 
fadendas, et queecumque alia libertatea et jura regalia ad 
Comitem Palatinum pertinentia, adeo integre et libere ucut 
Comes Cestriee infra eundem comitatum CeatrifC dinosdtur 



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iatber for the term of bia life, — by difera cbartera as well of 
the lord Edward late King of EDgland, our grandbtfaer, as 
of the lord Richard late King of England, the second after 
the conqueBt, as is contuned more fully in the charters 
aforesaid, the tenors whereof follow in these words: — 
EDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England and iwbF*k. 
France and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present '-o- "''- 
letters shall come, greeting. Know ye, that if we, weigh- 
ing with due consideration the noble bearings of all those 
who laudably and strenuously have served us in our wars, 
be desirous of raising them to honors, and rewarding them 
for their valor according to their merits, how much more 
dotli it become us to advance with greater honors and 
favors OUT own sons, whom we see excelling others as well 
in wisdom as in noble bearinj^ and who have stood and 
may stand us in better stead. Conudering, therefore, the onntibtiii* 

strenuous iroodnesa and excellent wisdom of our most dear ciwniT m 
^ Uutmuitriii 

son John King of Caatille and Leon, Duke of Lancas- i«<»<b. 
ter, who hath ever shewn himself ready to serve us with 
labor and charges, many times in our need intrepidly 
exposing himself for us to the dangers of war, and being 
willing on that account, and desiring now to reward, 
albeit not in full, the same our son with some benefit 
and honor as his merits worthily denuwd, of our certain 
knowledge and with cheerful hearl^ with the assent of 
the prelates and nobles assembled in our present par- 
liament convoked at Westminster, we have granted, for 
us and our heirs, unto our aforesaid son, that he for the 
whole of his life may have within the county of Lan- 
caster his chancery, and his writs to be sealed under 
his seal to be deputed for the office of the chancery, bis 
justices to hold as well pleas of the crown as all other 
pleas whatsoever touching the common law, and the cog- 



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887 

obtinere (decimiB quintiBdeciinis et aliie quotis et Bubudiis 
nobis et heeredibus nostria per communitatem regni Dostri, 
et decimiB et aliis quotis per clemm ejusdem regni nobis 
concesBis et imposterum concedesdis, aut eidem clero per 
sedem spoBtolicam impoeitis et imponendis» ac pardona- 
tionibuB vitse et membrorum in casu qno aliqnia ejasdem 
comit&tus aut alius in eodem comitatu pro aliquo delicto 
vitam vel membrum amittere debeat^ ac etiam superioritate 
et potestate corrigimdi ea qu«e in curiis ejusdem filii ooatri 
ibidem erronice beta fueriut^ vel si idem filius noater aut 
noinistri sui in justitia in curiis ejusdem filii nostii inibi 
Eacienda defecerint, semper salvia). Et est intentionis nos* 
tree quod idem filius noater, ad mandata nostra et haaredum 
noetrorum, ad parliamenta et concilia nostra duos milites 
pro communitate comitatus prsdicti et duos burgen&ea de 
quoUbet burgo ejuadem comitatus ad tractandum cum aliia 
de communitate diet! regni nostri ad eadem parliamenta et 
concilia venientibua de negotiia dicti regni nostri in eisdem 
parliamentis et condliis exponendia mittere teneatur. Et 
quod idem filius noater certos homines fidelea et auffidentes 
ad hujusmodi decimas et quintasdecimas aubaidia et alia 
quota quotiens ea nobis sou hseredibua nostris in parlia- 
mentis seu coDciliiB concedi contigerit assignet; ita quod 
nobis et haeredibus nostria de sic conceBsis respondeatur per 
eosdem. In cujus rei teBtimonium bas literas nostras fieri fe- 
cimua patentes. Teste me ipso apud Westmonasterium vice- 
simo octavo die Februarii, anno regni nostri Anglise quin- 
quagesimo prime, regni vero nostri Francise tricesimo octavo. 
RICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglin et Franciae et Do- 
minus Hibemise archieptscopis, epiecopia, abbatibuS) prio- 
ribua, ducibua, comiUbuSj baronibus, justitiariis, vicecomiti- 
bus, prsepoaitJa, miniatris, et omnibus ballivis et fidelibua 
suis, salutem. Scia^ quod cum dominuB Edwardua nuper 



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887 

nisance thereof, and all manneT of execution to be made 
by bU writs and his miDistera there, and all other liber- 
ties and jura regalia pertaining to a Count Palatine, as aaijMnrf 
freely and entirely as the Earl of Cheater ia well known utmnTua 
to obtain within the same county of Chester: (saving >"■"•- 
always the tenths, fifteenths, and other contributions 
and subsidies granted and hereafter to be granted to us 
and our burs by the commonalty of our realm, and tbe 
tenths and other contributions granted and hereafter to 
be granted to us by the clergy of the same our realm, 
or imposed and to be imposed upon the same clergy 
by the apoBtolic see; — and the pardon of life and limba 
in case that any person of the same county, or other 
person in the aame county, ought for any delict to lose 
his life or Umb; — and also the superiority and power 
of correcting those things which shall have been err<v 
neously done there in the courts of our same son, or if 
our same son or bis ministers aball have failed in dtung 
justice there also in tbe courts of the same our son.) And ThaDika t» 
it is our intention that our aame son, at the mandates of oniieih&a 

uiitbnr- 

U8 and our heirs, be held to send to our parliaments and J^,^ 
councils two knights for the commonalty of tbe shire afore- "™*": 
sfud, and two burgesses from every borough of the same 
shire, to treat with the others of the commonalty of our 
said realm coming to the said parliaments and councils 
concerning the affairs of our sud realm in the same parlia- 
ments and councils to be declared. And that our same son "' *<> *?■ 

polnl coUw- 

shall assign certiun trusty and sufficient men for the like J;^!^^,^'' 
tenths and fifteenths, subsidies and other contributions, so ^^"^ 
often as they shall happen to be granted to us or our heirs 
in parliament or council ; so that we and our heirs may by 
them be answered in respect of such grants. In witness 
whereof we have caused these our letters to be made 



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lUx Anglue, avus noster, per cartun auam dedisset et con- 
ceasiaset caiiosimo arunculo noetro, filio buo, Johanni Duci 
LancastiuBi tunc Coiniti LancaBtrise, Qomen et honorem 
Ducis et ipeum io Ducem Lancastriee pnefecisset, &c de 
eiadem nomine et honore per cinctunun gladii et appon- 
tionem csppte euo capiti iavestiviBaet, habenda eadem 
nomen et honorem Ducis Laucastxite, aibi et hsredibus 
suiB masculiB de corpore buo legitime procre^B imper- 
petuum; aubsequenterque idem avua noster per literaa 
Buas patentes concessisset pro ee et bseredibUB suis prie- 
hto avunculo noatro quod ipse ad totaro vitam Buam 
haberet infra comitatum Lancastri» cancellariam Buanit 
ac brevia sua Bub sigillo sue pro officio cancellarise de- 
putando consignanda, juBtitiarios suos tam ad placita co- 
ronae quam ad queecumque alia placita communem legem 
tangentia, tenenda, ac cognitiones eonmdem, et quas- 
cumque executiones per brevia sua et ministroB buos 
ibidem faciendas, et qutecumque alia libertates et jura re- 
galia ad Comitem Palatinum pertineutia, adeo libere et in- 
tegre sicut Comes Ceetme infra eundem comitatum Cestriae 
dinoBcitur obtiaere (decimis quintisdecimis et aliis quotis et 
subsidiis, eidem avo nostro et bseredibus auia per communis 
tatem regni sui, et decimis et alits quotis per clerum ejuB- 
dem regni tunc conceBsis ct extunc concedendis, aut eidem 
clero per aedem apostolicam impoaitis et imponendis, ac 
pardonationibus vitse et membrorum, in casu quo aliquis 
ejusdem comitatus, aut alius in eodem comit^u, pro aliquo 
delicto vitam vel membrum amittere deberet^ ac etiam su- 
perioritate ct potcatate conigendi ea quffi in curia ejusdem 
avunculi nostri ibidem erronice fecta fueriot, vel [si] idem 
avunculus noster aut ministri sui in justitia in curia sua 
focienda defecerint, semper salvia) : Et quod idem avun- 
culus noster ad mandata ejusdem avi nostri et bseredum 



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patent Witnees oureelf «t WeBtminBter, on the twenty- 
eighth day of Fflbniory, in the fifty-first year of our reign 
of England, and the thirty-eighth of our reign of France. 
RICHARD, by the grace of Ood, King of England and i«h n». 
Fmoce, and Lord of Ireland, to hie aTchbishops, bishop*, «.». liti. 
abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, justices, sheri^ reeves, 
ministers, and all bis bailifiFs and faithful people, greeting. 
Know ye, that whereas the Lord Edward, late King of rhhiii/ 
England, our grandfather, did by bis charter give and KingEnv.i. 
grant to his eon, our most dear uncle, John Duke of ^^'^ 
Lancaster, at that time Earl of Lancaster, the name and i^»»""' 
honor of Duke, and did make him Duke of Lancaster, 
and invest him with the same name and honor by gird- 
ing of tbe sword and setting upon his head the cap, to 
bavfl the same name and honor of Duke of Lancaster to 
him and bis heirs male of his body lawfully begotten for 
ever; and subsequently our same grandfather did by his Bidafhia 
letters patent grant for himself and his heirs to our afore- ^uAofn 
said uncle, that be for the whole of his life should have ;j^J^„ 
within the county of Lancaster his chancery, and his writs J^io'., in 
to be sealed under his seal to be deputed for the ofiSce of g 
the chancery, his justjces to hold as well pleas of tbe 
crown as all other pleas whatsoever touching the common 
law, and the cognizanca thereof, and all mauner of execu- 
IJon to be made by bis writs and bis ministers there, and 
all other liberties and jwa rtgdia pertaining to a Count 
Palatine, ^ freely and entirely as the Earl of Chester is 
well known to obtain within the same county of Chester; 
saving always the tenths, fifteenths, and other contribu- 
tions and subsidies then granted and thereafter to he 
granted to our same grandhtber and his heirs by tbe 
commonalty of his realm, and tbe tenths and other con- 
tributions then granted and thereafter to be granted by 



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suorum ad parUamenta et concilia sua duos milites pro 
commuDitate comitatus pnedicti et duoB burgenseB de 
quolibet bui^ ejusdem comitatus ad tmctandum, cum 
sliifl dicta regui ad parliameuta et concilia yenientibus, de 
negotiis dicti regui in eisdem parliamentiB et aliis expo- 
neudiB) mitter» teneretur: et quod idem avuuculus noster 
certofl bomioea fidelea et sufficienteB ad hujusmodi decimas 
et quiDtasdedmas subsidia et alia quota, quotiens ea eidem 
avo nostro seu baeredibus sms iu parliameuds seu con- 
dliia coDCedi contiDgeret, aesignaret; ita quod eidem aro 
noetro de sic coucesBiB responderetur per eosdem. Ac 
uoB Duper ad proaecuttouem ipsiua avunculi uoBtri per peti- 
tiouem suam nobis in parliamento noetro apud Gloucestriam 
tento exhibitam, guggerentis ipsum protextu dictorum ver- 
boram generalium scaccarium Buum in eodem comitatu 
Laucastriffi et omnia ad hujusmodi scaccarium pertiuentia, 
ac juristUctionem et poteatatem fociendi et conatituendi jus- 
titiariofl suos itinerantes ad pladta forestse et alios justida- 
rios ad qusecumque alia placita assisam forestee tangentia 
iuira dictum comitatum Lancaetrie a tempore concessionis 
dtcti ari nostri tenuisse exercuiase et habuisse, de assensu 
prsslatonim ducum comitum baronum et conununitatis regni 
noBtri Auglise in eodem parliamento existentium, per literaa 
nostras patentee declaraverim us eundem avunculum nostrum 
omnibus et Bingulis prasmissie, per ipBum prseteztu dictorum 
verborum generalium ut prsmittitur uaitaUs, virtute eorum- 
dem verborum generalium uti posse et debere ; et ulteriua 
de gratia nostra epeciali concesserimus, pro nobis et fasere- 
dibus nostrisi eidem avunculo noetro, quod ipse scaccarium 
suum in dicto comitatu Lancastiie^ et barones et alios 
ministros in eodem scaccario necessarioa, necnon juriadic- 
tiones executionee et consuetudioes quaacumque in scac* 
carlo noBtro Anglise lationabiliter ueitatas babeat in eodem 



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the clergy of the same realm, or imposed and to be im- 
posed upon the same clergy by the apostolic see; and 
the pardon of life and limbs in case that say person of 
the same county, or other person in the same coun^, ought 
for any delict to lose bis life or limb ; and also the su- 
periority and power of correcting those things which shall 
have been erroneously done there in the court of our 
same uncle, or if ouf same uncle or bis ministerB should 
have failed in doing justice in his court. And that our 
same uncle, at the mandate of the same our grandfather 
and his hnrs, should be held to send to his parliaments 
and coundU two knights for the commonalty of the shire 
aforesaid, and two burgesses from every borough of the 
same shire, to treat with the others of the said realm 
coming to the parliaments and coundts concerning the 
affairs of the said realm in the same parliaments and 
councils to be declared : and that our same uncle should 
aaugn certain trusty and sufficient men for the like tenths 
and fifteenths, subudies and other contributions, so often 
aa they should happen to be granted to our same grand- 
father or his beirs in parliament or council ; so that our 
same grandbther might by them be answered in respect 
of such grants. And we lately, at the prosecution of our bhiui of 
same uncle by his petition to us exhibited in our parba- j^"'!^'- 
ment holden at Gloucester, {suggesting that by pretext of the ^'^q^-, 
said general words he had had, exercised, and held from the p^iXi,°(, 
time of the grant of our said grandfather bia exchequer in 
the same county of Lancaster, and all things to such ex- 
chequer pertaining, and the jurisdiction and power of 
making and appointing his justices in eyre for pleas of 
the forest, and other jusUces for all manner of other pleas 
touching the assise of the forest within the said county of 
Lancaster,) with the assent of the prelates, dukes, earls. 



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scaccario buo et eis ibidem pleae gaudeat et rationabiliter 
utatur: et quod habeat jurisdictionem et pot«8tatem ftt- 
ciendi et conBtitueodi juetitiario§ luos itinerantes ad placita 
foreetffi et aUoB juBtitiarios ad qusccumque alia placita assi- 
aam foreBtse tan^ntia infia dictum comitatum Lancastrise 
teuenda durante vita ipeiua avuDcidi Dostri (placita tamen 
et querelia aUis qaibuscumque, ubi dob Tel bteredes noetri in 
dicto acaccario vel coram praafatiB justitiariis partes fuerimus 
Tel fieri contiBgat, emergentibiia semper salvLs) ; et Tolueri- 
mus, quod omnia verba generalia in concessione ejusdem avi 
DOBtri prrodicta conteota in auo robore permaneaiit durante 
yita avunculi noatri aupradicti, declaratione et concessione 
prtedictiB non obstantibus, prout in carta et Uteris prKdictis 
pleniuB coatinetur. Jamque prsefatus arimculus noster 
nobis Bupplicaverit, ut libertates franchesiaB privilegia jura 
regalia supradicta, et omnia alia et singula sibi superiua 
concessa, sibi et heeredibus suis maaculia de corpore auo 
eseuntibus concedere dignemur, babenda eodem modo sicut 
ea jam habet, una cum dicto nomine Duds Lancastris 
perpetuiB temporibus auccessiTis. Nos probitatem stre- 
nuam et sapieutiam excellentissimam prsefati avunculi noa- 
tri, qui Be laboribus et expensis ac consiliis continuis nobis 
et regno nostro obsequiosum pariter et A-uctuosum semper 
retroactis temporibus exhibuit et ezbibet indefesse, delnta 
consideratione pensantes, ac sperantea indubie bteredessuos 
masculoB de corpore buo legitime procreatos Testigia pro- 
genitorum suorum qui ex tarn nobili progenie regali proces- 
serunt, diTina mediante dementia, in sapieatia strenuitate 
et bonore sequi debere, et nobis et hteredibus nostris ac 
regno nostro maxime valere et locumtenere posae infutu- 
rum. Et Tolentes prsemissorum intuitu supplicationi prie- 
dictfe annuere gratiose, de asseOBU prsesends parliament! 
nostri, Ueto corde et ex certa scientia nostra concessimus 



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barons, and the commons of our realm of Eng[Und in the 

same parliament asBembled, by our letters patent did d«urinf, 

declare that our same uncle should and might be able, ^°"1. 

by virtue of the sud general words, to use all and every "n'^t^ 

the premiaes by him used by pretext of the rame general Jjlj'USt^ 

words as is premised ; and further, of our especial grace ti^ wil^" 

we did grant, for us and our heirs, to our same uncle, """' 

that he might have his exchequer in the said county of 

Lancaster, and barons and other ministers ne<%ssary in 

the same exchequer, and also all jurisdictions, executions, 

and customs whatsoever in the same bis exchequer which 

are reasonably used in our exchequer of England, and 

might fully and reasonably use and enjoy them there; 

and that he might have the jurisdiction and power of *"' *^''"' 

malting and appointing his justices in eyre to hold plea» fjjjjt'"" 

of the forest, and other justices to hold all manner of 

other pleas touching the aeuze of tim forest, within the 

said county of Lancaster, during the life of our same 

uncle (saving always nevertheless all manner of other 

pleas and plaints arising in the said exchequer, or before 

the aforesaid justices, where we or our heirs should be, 

or should happen to he made, parties); and we did will darinfttH 

that all the general words contuned in the aforesud grant 

of our same grandfather should remain in force during the 

life of our abovesud uncle, notwithstanding the declaratioa 

and grant aforesaid, as in the charter and letters aforesaid 

more fully is contained. And now our aforesud uncle TutDak* 

hath besought us that we would deign to grant the above- titiantd Ma 

said liberties, franchises, privileges, jara regalia, and all >>*>■• 

and every other the things to him above granted, to him 

and his heirs male of his body issuing, to bare in the 

same manner as he now hath them, together with the said 

name of Duke of Lancaster in all times to come. W^ 



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pro nobis et hieredibus DOBtrie, pmfato avuDCulo noetro 
quod ipw et hEeredes aui masciili de corpore suo legitime 
pTOcreati habeant infra comitatum Lancaatrire canceUartam 
sufun ac brevia sua Bub si^llo suo pro officio cancelUuieB 
deputando couBerranda, jualitiarios suob tam ad platnta 
coroQGB quam ad qufficumque alia piscita communem legem 
tangentia tenenda, ac cognitionea eonindem, et quascum* 
que executiones per breria sua et ministroB buos ibidem 
Eaciendas, et qusecumque alia libertates et jura regalia ad 
Comitem PalatiDum pertinentia, adeolibere et integre aicut 
Comes Ceatrise dinoacitur obtinere. Et quod habeant acac- 
carium auum in dicto comitatu Lancastrias ac baronee et 
alios ministroe in eodem acaccario necessarioa, necnoo 
jurisdictiones executiones et conauetudines quaacumque in 
scaccaiio nostro Angliee rationabiliter usitatae, et eia ibidean 
pleae gaudeant et ratioQabiliter utaatur. Et quod habeant 
juriadictioneni et potestatem faaendi et conatituendl justi- 
tiarioB suob itinerantes ad plactta foreetee et alioa justitia- 
rios ad qutecumque alia pladta asaisam fbreatse tangentia 
infra dictum comitatum Lancaatriae tenenda imperpetuum 
(placitiB tamen et querelis quibnscumque, ubi noa vel hsere- 
des nostri in dicto acaccario vel coram preefatis justitiariis 
partes foerimuB vel fieri contingat, emergentibue, ac deci- 
mis quintisdecimia et atiia quoda et subsidiis nobis et bsere- 
dibns noatris per communitatem regni noatri, et decimia et 
atiia quotis per clerum ejusdem regni concesats et exnunc 
concedendiS) aut eidem dero per aedem apostolicam impo- 
sitis et imponendis, ac pardanationtbua rits et membrorum 
in casu quo aliqiua ejusdem comitatue, aut alius in eodem 
comitatu, pro delicto aliquo Titam vel membrum amittere 
debeat, ac etiam anperioritate et poteatate corrigendi ea 
quK in curia ejusdem avunculi noatri vel dictonun heeredum 
Buorum ibidem erronice facta fuerint, vel [ai] idem avunculus 



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S91 

weighing with due coiisideration the strenuous probity and in «*■•»«- 
most excellent wisdom of our aforesaid uncle^ who hath uitimMiu 
ever shewn himself in times past, and unweariedly con- 
tinues to prove, very ready to serve us and our realm, and 
at the same time most profitably, with bis continual labor, 
charges, and counsel; and hoping undoi^tedly that bis 
heirs male of his body lawfully begotten ought through 
the mediation of Divine Mercy to follow the footsteps of 
their progenitors, who have proceeded from so noble and 
royal a stock, in wisdom, honor, and prowess, and that 
they will be able, in times to come, mightily to avail and 
stand ourself and our heirs and our realm in good stead, 
and being willing in regard of the premises graciously to 
assent to the aforesaid petition, with the assent of our pre- 
sent parliament, of our certain knowledge, and with cheer- 
ful heart, do grant for us and our heirs to our aforesaid i»*nft^ 
uncle, that he and his heir» male of his body lawfully J^f^/,,,, 
begotten may have within the coun^ of Lancaster their '^^^^"^ 
chancery, and their writs to be sealed under their seal to uwit 
be deputed for the office of the chancery, their justices to jdmich u 
hold as well pleas of the crown as all other pleas whatso- 
ever touching the common law, and the cognizance thereof 
and all manner of execution to be made by their writs 
and their ministers there, and all other liberties and jura tatjara 
Tegalia pertaining to a Count Palatioe, as ireely and entirely tmM u tk* 
as the Earl of Chester is well known to obtain. And that chnw; 
they may have their exchequer in the said county of Lan- axobat»! 
caster, and barons and other ministers necessary in the udbuDu 
same exchequer, and also all jurisdictions, executions, and 
customs whatsoever, which are reasonably used in our 
exchequer of England, and may fully and reasonably use 
and enjoy them there ; and that they may have the juris- ^'1,"U°'"'" 
diction and power of making and appointing their justices i^'^jj;^ 



tnUplau, 



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noater seu dicti lueredes Boi, aut eorum miniatri, in justitia 
in curis sua fiiciesda defecerint, semper salvia). Et quod 
idem avunculus noster et dicti hseredee sm, ad maDdata 
nostra et bseredum nostrorum, ad parliatnenta et coDcilia 
nostra et hsBredum nostrorum duos milites pro communi- 
tate comitatus praedicti et duos burgensea de quolibet 
burgo ejusdem comitatus ad tractandum cum aliis dicti re^i 
nostri ad parliamenta et concilia venientibuB de negotiie 
dicti regni in eisdem parliamentis et aliie exponendie mittere 
teneantur. Et quod idem avunculus noster et hseredea sui 
prffidicti certoa homines fideles et sufficientes ad hujusmodi 
decimas et quintasdecimaa eubsidia et alia quota, quolieDs 
ea nobis aut b«eredibu8 nostris in parliamentiB seu coa> 
dliis conoedi contigerit, assignent ; ita quod nobis et hse- 
redibuB nostrig de sic concessis respondeatur per eosdem. 
Quare volumua et firmiter preecipimue quod idem avunculus 
nosier et beeredes sui praedicti habeant et teneant omnia 
et singula libertates franchesiaa privilegia acaccarium jura 
r^alia et alia supradicta una cum dictia nomine et honore 
Ducis Lancastriae (exceptis prasexceptis) eodem mode ac 
adeo libere et integre aicut idem avunculus noster ea ad 
prffiseoa habet et tenet, imperpetuum, sicut preedictum est. 
Hiis testibus Willielmo Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi totiua 
Anglise Primate, Hioma Arcbiepiscopo Eboracensi Angliae 
Primate, Roberto Londinenai, Willielmo Wintonienai, Can- 
cellario nostro, Johanne Meneveosi, Thesaurario noetroi 
Epiacopia, Edmundo Eborum,Tboma Glouceatrise, Ducibua^ 
avunculia noatris caiieaimie, Ricardo Arundelliee, Willielmo 
Sarum, Henrico Northumbri^ Comitibus, Ricardo Le- 
Bcrop, Jobanne Devereux, Senescallo bospitii nostri, et 
aliis. Data per manum nostram apud Weatmonasterium, 
aextodedmo die Februarii, anno regni noatri tertiodecimo. 
RICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglise et Franciee et Do- 



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in eyre to bold pless of the forest, and otber justicee to 
hold all manner of other pleas touching the aeuze of the 
forest within the said county of Lancaster for ever. Saving nnpiwh.» 
always, nererthsless, all manner of other pleas and plaints puir- 
arising in the said eichequer, or before the aforesaid jus- 
tices, where we or our heirs shall be, or shall happen to 
be made, parties ; and saving always the tenths, fifteenths, saiiDiaf 
and other contributions and subsidies granted and here- lamuj 
aSter to be granted to us and our heirs by the commonalty *""• 
of our realm, and the tenths and other contributions granted 
or hereafter to be granted by the clergy of the same realm, 
or imposed and to be imposed upon the same clergy by the 
apostolic see; and tbe pardon of life and limbs in case that ptidinaf 
any person of the same county, or other person in the same 
county, ought for any delict to lose his life or limb; and tadmnt- 
also the superiority and power of correcting those things na^> j^ 
which shall hare been erroneously done there in the court 
of our same uncle or bis said heirs; or if our same uncle, «inhau» 
or his sud hein or their ministers, shall foil in doing jus- 
lice in their court And that our same uncle and his said th. onk* 
heirs, at the mandates of us and our heirs, shall be held to ■»'" «> •«"i 
send to the parliaments and councils of us and our heirs ^',^^u_ 
two knights for the commonalty of the shire aforesaid, and ^^ 
two burgesses from every borough of the same shire, to 
treat with tbe others of our said realm coming to tbe par- 
liaments and coundls concerning tbe afiairs of tbe said 
realm in the same parliaments and councils to be declared : 
and that our same uncle and his heirs shall assiirn certain uitaauifii 

odUctnn or 

trusty and sufficient men for the like tenths and fifteenths, riMiuh 
subsidies, and other contributions, so often as tbey shall £^Su«L 
happen to be granted to us or our hws in parliament or 
council ; so that we and our heirs may by tbe same men 
be answered in respect of such grants. Wherefore we will 



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MS 

minus HibernisB, archiepbcopis, episcopB, abbatibua, pri- 
oribiu, dudbuB, oomitibus, baronibus, juslitiartis, viceco- 
mitibua, pnepofiitie, miaiBtris, et omnibua ballivis et fide- 
libus siUB, salutem. InspeximuB carUm Dcanini Edwardi 
nuper B«giB Aoglise, ari nostri, factam in hxe verba: 
EDWARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglise Dominus Hi- 
bernin et AquitanlEe, archieplBcopis, episcojus, abbatibus, 
prioribuB, comitibus, baronibiu, justitiariiB, TicecoautibuS) 
pnepoBitis, miniBtriB, et omnibuB ballivis et fidelibus suis 
Bolutem. ScaadB quod cum nuper considerantes qualiter 
comitatus LancaBtriae, et plura castra, villse, numeria, 
teiTSB, et tenementa, cum perdnentiis, tam in comitatibus 
LincolniGB et Derbiee quam in direruB aliis comitatibus 
regni nostri» quae fuerunt Heorici nuper Duds Lan- 
caatriK et Comitia Lincolnias et DertoK post mortem ip- 
siuB DuciB, (queadam, videlicet, ad Johannem Comitem 
BichemondiK filium nostrum carissimum et Blanchiam 
uxorem ejus unam Sliarum et bteredum prsedicti Ducis, 
juxta partttionem inter ipeos et Matildem tunc alteram 
filiarum et heeredum ipBius Ducis factam per descensum 
hereditarium fuerunt devoluta, et qusdam eisdem Comiti 
et Blancbise, juxta ordinationem et concesaionem prsedicti 
Ducis dum vixi^ sub certa forma sunt remanaura,) ac vo- 
lentes proinde eidem filio noBtro, ut ae juxta status soi 
nobititatem decentiuB manuteuere valeat, gratiam facere 
specialem, concesaerimus pro nobis et hssredibus noetria 
prsefato Johanni nunc Comiti Lancastrise et BichemotulitB^ 
quod ipse et bceredeB siu de corpore suo et corpore pr»- 
dictie Blauchiffi legitime procreati imperpetuum baberent re. 
toma omnium brevium nostrorum et bseredum uostrorum, 
et omnia pladta de veUto namio in terris et feodis de 
bnreditate prsedicti Ducis, qun tunc in manibus ipsorum 
Comitis «t BlancbiK extiterunt^ et quae imposteium eds 



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998 

and strictly command that our same uncle and hie heirs 
aforeeud shall have and hold all and every the abovesaid 
liberties, franchises, privileges, exchequer, jura regalia, 
and other things, togeUier with the said name and honor Tiiiaof 
of Duke of Lancaster, except as before excepted, in the uatutti. 
same manner and as freely and entirely as our same uncle 
at present has and holds them, for ever, as is aforesaid. 
These being witaeBses, Wilham Archbishop of Cantei^ 
bury, Primate of all England ; Thomas Archbishop oS 
York, Primate of England ; R<^rt Bishop of London ; 
William Biabop of Winchester, our Chancellor; John 
Bishop of Saint DavuFs, our Treasurer; our most dear 
uncles, Edmund Duke of York, and Thomas Duke of 
Gloucester; Kichard Earl of Arundel; William Earl of 
Salisbury; Henry Earl of Northumberland ; Richard Le- 
Bcrope; John Devereux, Steward of our household, and 
others. Given under our hand at Westminster, on the six- 
teenth day of February, in the thirteenth year of our reign- 
RICHARI^ by the grace of God, King of England and ituijini^ 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to his archbishops, bishops, 'b- '^ 
abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, jostices, sherifis, reeves, 
ministers, and all his bailifia and futhful people, greeting. 
We have inspected the charter of the Lord Edward, late 
King of England, our grand£ather, made in these words : 
EDWARD, by the grace of God, King of England, Lord mhuv. 
of Ireland and Aquitune, to his archbishops, bishops, ab- «-d. imi. 
hots, priors, earls, barons, justices, sherifis, reeves, minis- 
ters, and all his baihffi and foithful people, greeting. Know kkimi <( 
ye, that whereas we, lately conudering how that the county ^un inh 
of Lancaster, and many castles, towns, manors, lands, and " «*'■- 
tenements, with their appurtenances, as well in the coun- 
ties of Lincoln and Derby, as in divers other counties of 
our realm, which were of Henry late Duke of Lancaster 



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just« ordinationem et conceBsioneni praedictae suet remaa- 
sura cam ad niaiius suas deveoerint; et etiam omneB fines 
et amerciamenta omaium haminum et tenentium suorum, 
ubicumque ipBOs homiDeB et teaentes in curiia nostriB et 
baeredum nostronim amerciari vel fines f&cere continge- 
ret, necnoQ omnia catalla omnium hominum et tenentium 
BuoTum felouum et fugitivorum et dampnatorum, prout in 
carta nostra inde confecta pleniuB continetur. Ac jam 
omnia terrse et tenementa cum perdueutiis quee pnedicta 
Matildis tenuit in propartem suam prsedictanii de omnibus 
terris et tenementis prsedictis quEs fuerunt pnedicti Duma, 
necQon quasdamalta terrsB et tenementa cum pertinentiia in 
comitatibuB Norfolciee et Sufiblci» qus eadem Matildis 
tenuit de baereditate ipsiue Ducia ex. dono et feoffiunento Jo- 
haniuB Episcopi Lincolnienns, Ricardi Comitis Arundellise, 
Roberd de la Mare, JobanniB de Buklond, Jobaunis Cbar- 
neb, Walteri Power, Simonis Symeon et Johannis Xeu- 
marche, per mortem ejuedem Matitdig pnefotis Comiti et 
Blanchise, ut sorori et hseredi prsedictse Matildis jure 
bsereditario descenderint. Noa volentes pnedictoa Comi- 
tem et Blanchiam favore prosequi gratioeo, concessimus 
et bac carta nostra confirmavimus prsefato Comiti quod 
ipse et hseredes sui de corpore suo et corpore pnedicts 
Blancbise legitime procreati imperpetuum habeant retoma 
omnium brerium nostrorum et broredum nostrorum, et 
omnia pladta de vettto namio, tarn in terris et feocUs qu«e 
iidem Comes et Blanchia de proparte ipaius Blanchise 
praedicta, quam in terris et feodie quse fuerunt preedicta 
Matildis et quie ipsi Comes et Blanchia ut soror et beeres 
ejusdem Matildis jam tenent de hsereditate prtedicta, et 
etiam in terris et feodis, quse eisdem Comiti et Blanchi« 
sunt de eadem hsereditate imposteram remansura vet rever- 
sura, cum ad manus suas deTeneriot^ et etiam omnes fines 



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994 

and Earl of LiDcoln and Derby, lately aAer the death of 
the Bame Duke had devoWed, to nit, some hy hereditary 
descent, upon John Earl of Richmond, our most dear son, 
and Blanche hia vife, one of the daughters and co-heirs 
of the aforesaid Duke, according to the partition made 
between them and Matilda, the then other daughter and 
co-beir of the same Duke, and some were to remain, under 
a certain form, to the same Earl and Blanche, according to 
an ordinance and grant of the aforesaid Duke whilst be 
lived, and being willing, therefore, to shew especial bvor 
to the same our son, in order that he might the more de- 
cently muntain himself according to the nobility of his 
station, did grant for us and our heirs to the aforesaid John 
now Earl of Lancaster and Richmond, that he and his 
heirs of his body and the body of the aforesud Blanche, 
lawfully begotten, for ever should have the return of all 
writs of us and our heirs, and all pleas of withernam in the 
lands and fees of the heritage of the aforesaid Duke, which 
then were in the bands of the same Earl and Blanche, and 
which thereafter were to remain to them according to tbe 
ordinance and grant aforesaid, when they should come into 
their hands ; and also all fines and amercements of all their 
men and tenants wheresoever it should happen that such 
men and tenants should make fine or he amerced in the 
courts of us and our heirs \ and also all the chattels of all 
their men and tenanted being felons and fugitives and per- 
sons condemned, as in our charter thereof made more fiilly 
is contained. And now all the lands and tenements, with ud dasmi 
their appurtenances, which the aforesaid Matilda held as g-ti^oB 
her purparty aforesaid of all the lands and tenements afore- ^'^*^"^ 
said which were of the aforesaid Duke, and also certun 
other lands and tenements, with appurtenances, in tbe 
counties of Norfolk and Suffi>lk, which the same Matilda 



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J 



996 

et amerciuDenU omnium hominum et tenentium auorum 
ubicumque ipse» homines et tenentes in curUs nogtris et 
haeredum nostrorum amerciari vel Goes facere contigmt; 
necnon omnia catalla omnium hominum et tenentium 
Buorum, felonum et fiigitiTonim et dampnatorum. Quare 
rolumuB et firmiter pnecipimus pro uoInb et baeredibns 
DOBtris quod pnedictus Comes et hnredes sui prsdicti 
imperpetuum habeant retoma omnium brevium nostrorum 
et bKredum nostrorum, et omnia pladta de vetito nimio 
in tenis et feodia suis pnedictis ; ac omnes fines et amep- 
ciamenta omnium hominum et tenentium suorum pn». 
dictorum, ubicumque ipsos homines et tenentes in curiis 
nostris et heeredum nostrorum amerciari vel fineB &u»re 
contigerit; ac etiam omnia catalla omnium hominum et 
tenentium suorum, felonum, fugitivorom, et dampnatorum, 
sicut pnedictum est, et eodem modo quo Henricus nuper 
Comes lancastriK pater prsedicti Ducis, vel idem Dux, 
quibuB consimileB libertatee in tenis et feodis suie ba- 
bendu successive per cartas noBtras concesumus, eaadem 
libertates babuit et eia rationabiliter utt consuevit HHs 
testibus S. Arcbiepiscopo Cantuarienai totius Anglis Pri- 
mate, W. Wintoniensi Episcopo Cancellario noetro, S. 
Elienai Ejnscopo Tbesaurario noetro, Edwardo Prindpe 
Wallias primogenito noetro cariseimo, Ricardo Arundellise, 
Thoma Warwici, et Willielmo Sanun, Comitibus, et aliis. 
Data per manum nostram apud WestmonaBterium duo- 
decimo die Mail, anno regni nostri tricesimo sexto. IN- 
SPEXIMUS etiam quandam cartam nostram lactam in 
htec Teriu: RICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Anglts et 
Franciffl et Dominus Hibemiffi, omnibus ad quos prtesentes 
liter» pervenerint, salutem. InspeximuB quandam cartam 
caiiseimi Domini et ari nostri Domini Edwardi nuper Regis 
Anglim defuncti, nuper factam [carissuno arunculo nostro] 



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995 

held of the inberitsnce of the same Duke by the gift and 
Teoffhient of John Bishop of Lincoln, Richard Earl of 
Arundel, Robert de la Mare, John de Buklond, John Char- 
nela, Walter Power, Simon Symeon, and John Neumardte» 
have by the death of the same Matilda descended hy here- 
ditary right to the aforesaid Earl and Blanche, as aiater and 
heir of the aforesaid Matilda : — We, willing to pursue with 
our gracious bror the aforesaid Earl and Blanche, have 
granted and by this our charter hare confirmed to the 
aforesaid E^l, that be and his heirs of his body and the 
body of the aforesaid Blanche, lawfully begotten, for ever 
may hare the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and BMDiaaf 
all pleas of withemsm, as well in the lands and fees which pim of 
the same Earl and Blanche now hold of the aforesud pur- 
party of the same Blanche, as in the lands and fees which 
were of the aforesaid Matilda, and which the same Earl» 
and Blanche as sister and heir of the same Matilda, now 
hold of the inheritance aforesaid, and also in the lands and 
fees of the same inheritance which are hereafter to remain 
or revert to the same Earl and Blanche, when they shall 
come into their hands; and also all fines and amercemeata nii«aid 
of all their men and tenants wheresoever the same men and mu^ 
tenants shall happen to make fine or he amerced in the 
courts of us and our heirs ; and also all the chattels of all c^att^ «r 
their men and tenants, being felons and fugitives and per- 
sons condemned. Wherefore we will and strictly command 
for us and our heirs, that the afbresaid Earl and his heirs 
aforesaid for ever shall have the return of all writs of us 
and our heirs, and all pleas of withernam in their lands and 
fees aforesaid; and all fines and amercements of all their 
men and tenants aforesaid, wheresoever the same men and 
tenants shall happen to make fine or be amerced in the 
courts of us and our heirs ; and abo idl the chattels of their 



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JotuoDi Regi CutelUe et Le^onis Dnd LancastriK, filio 
ipeius an Doetii, per nomen Johannu Duds Lancastiue, 
et Blanchis auper oxori ejus in h»c verba: Edwardus 
Dei grada Rex Angli», Dominiu Hiberois et Aquita- 
lUK, archiepiflcopis, episcopis, dudbos, abbatibus, pii- 
oribuB, comitibiu, baronibus, jiuUtiariis, vicecomitibua, 
preepOBttia, miniBtris^ et onmibua ballivis et fidelibus buIb, 
Balutem. Sdatis quod cum qob auper Beptimo die Maii 
anno regoi nostri sexto dedmo per cartam nostnun con- 
cesaerimua pro Dobii et baredibuB noetris Henrico tunc 
Comiti LaocastriK quod ipse et bzredes aui de corpore suo 
procreati et onmeB homines sui imperpetnum esaent quieti 
de pavagio paasagio paagio lastagio stallagio tallagio cari- 
agio pesa^o ^ccagio et terragio per totum reguum et 
potestatem noBtram ; et quod idem Comes et hsi«dee sui 
pnedicti imperpetuum faaberent, retoma omnium brevium 
ttostrorum et bffiredum nostrorum ac Bummonitionum de 
Bcaccario oostro et bseredum nostrorum, et attacfaiameo- 
ta tarn de placitis corons quam de aliis quibuscunque in 
omnibus terns et feodis buib; ita quod duIIub vicecomes 
vel alius ballivus seu minister nosier vel b^redum nostro- 
rum terras eeu feoda ilia ingrederetur ad executJoDea eonin- 
dem brevium et aummonitioDum, seu ad i^tacbiamenta 
de placitis coronae vel aliis prsedictis aut aUquod aliud offi- 
cium ibidem &(nendum, nisi in defectum ipuus Comitis et 
b«redum suorum pnedictorum ac ballivorum et ministro- 
rum suorum in tends et feodis Buis prsedictis. Et quod 
haberent catalla hominum et teoentium suorum felouum 
et fugitivorum; ita quod si quia hominum vel tenentium 
Buorum pro delicto buo vitam vel membrum deberet amit- 
tere vel fugeret et judicio stare ooUet vel aliud quodcom- 
que delictum faceret pro quo catalla sua deberet perder^ ubi- 
cunque justiua de eo fieret, nve iu curia nostra vel luere- 



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S96 

men and tenants, being feloue and fugitives and persons 
condemned, as is aforesaid, and in the same manner in 
which Henry late Earl of Lancaster, father of the afore- 
said Duke, or the same Duke, to whom we granted hy our 
charters successively to have the like liberties in their lands 
and fees, had the same liberties and was accustomed reason- 
ably to use them. These being witnesses, Simon Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Primate of all England; William 
Bishop of Winchester, our Chancellor; Simon Bishop of 
EUy, our Treasurer ; Edward Prince of Wales, our most 
dear eldest son; Richard Earl of Arundel; Thomas Earl 
of Warwick ; and William Earl of Salisbury, and others. 
Given under our band at Westminster on the twelfth day 
of May, in the thirty-sixth year of our reign. WE have in- 
spected also a certain charter of ours made in these words : 
RICHARD, by the grace of God, King of England and i»b Bq>t. 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present let- ^.a-'itn. 
ters shall come, greeting. We have inspected a certain 
charter of our most dear Lord and grandfather Lord Ed- 
ward, late King of England, deceased, \aie\y made to [our 
dearest uncle] John King of Castille and Leon, Duke of Lan- 
caster, son of our same grandfather, by name of John Duke 
of Lancaster, and to Blanche, late his wife, in these words: 
EawAXD^ hy the grace of God, King of England, Lord i4Uijii]y, 
of Ireland and Aquitaine, to bis archbishops, bishops, ^»- im- 
dukes, abbots, priors, earls, barons, justices, sheriflv, reeves, 
ministers, and all hb bailiA and faithful people, greeting. 
Know ye, that whereas we did lately, on the seventh day aaHiisr 
of May, in tbe sixteenth year of our reign, grant by our ^^^j'f 
charter, for us and our heirs, to Henry then Earl of Lan- to Hnir * 
caster, that be and his heirs of his body begotten, and «•>»- 
all bis men for ever, should be quit of paviage, passage, 
payage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage, picage, 
2 o 



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991 

dum Doetronim sive in alia curia, ipsa catalla eaeent ipnus 
Conitis et hseredum auorum prsedictonun, et quod liceret 
HB Tel miniatriB suia sine impedimeDto noetri vel hserednm 
noBtronim Ticecomitum aut [alionunl] ballirorum seu mi* 
niatrorum noatrorum quorumcunque ponere se in seim- 
nam de catallia pnedictis et ea ad usum ipsius Comitis et 
beredum auorum pnedictorum retdnere. Et etiam quod 
haberent imperpetuum omoes fines pro trassgressionibus 
et aliis delictia quibuscunque et fines pro licentia concor- 
dandi, et omnia amerciamenta redemptLoues et exitus 
forisiiM^tos ; ac foriafacturaB, annum diem vastum et 
Btreppum, et onuila quee ad noe et haeredes nostroe pei^ 
tinere possent de bujusmodi anno die vasto et murdria 
de omnibus hominibus et tenentibua de tenia et feodis 
suis quibuscunque in quibuscunque curiis nostris et biere- 
dum noatrorum homines et tenentes illos, tam coram nobis 
et bxredibus nostris, et in cancellaria nostra et h£erediun 
nostroTum, et coram tbeaaurario et baronibus noBtrie et 
beeredum nostronim de scaccario, et coram jusbtJariia 
nostris et baeredmn nostrorum de bauco^ et coram seues- 
callo et marescallis seu clerico mercati bospitii nostri et 
bseredum nosb'onim, ac aliis curiis nostris et baeredun 
nostrorum, quam coram justitiariis itinerantibus ad com- 
munia placita et ad placita forestsa et quibuscunque aliis 
justitiariie et miuistris nostris et beeredum nostrorum, tam 
in prsesentia nostra et hseredum nostrorum quam in ab- 
aentia nostra et bferedum nostronun, fines fecere vel 
amerciari, exitus forisfacere, annum diem et vastum seu 
forishcturas et murdra adjudicari contingeret; qura fines, 
amerciamenta, redemptiones, exitus, annus dies Tastum 
sive streppum, forisfactune et murdra, ad noe vel bere- 
des nostros pertioere possent, si prsBfato ComiU et b»~ 
redibus suis prsedictis concessa non fuissent Ita quod 



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«97 

and groundage throughout all our realm and domiuions; 
and that the same Earl and his heirs aforesaid for ever 
should have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and 
summons of the eichequer of us and our heirs, and the 
attacbmeut as well of pleas of the crown as of other pleas 
whosoever in all their lauds and fees ; so that no sheriff or 
other bailiff or minister of us or our heirs should enter 
those lands or fees to execute the same writs and summon^ 
or to make attachment of the pleas of the crown or other 
pleas aforesaid, or to do any other office there, unless in 
default of the same Earl and his heirs aforesud, and their 
bwliffi and ministers in their lands and fees aforesud. 
And that they should hare the chattels of 'their men and 
tenants being felons and fugitives; so that if any one of 
their men or tenants ought to lose life or limb for his 
offence, or should flee and be unwilling to stand his 
trial, or commit any other offence for the which he 
ought to lose bis chattels, wheresoever justice should 
be had of him, whether in the court of us or our heirs, 
or in any other court, such chattels should belong to the 
same Earl and his heirs aforesaid, and that it should he 
lawful for them or their ministers, without binderance of 
us or our heirs, or of our sherifls or tother] bailift or mi- 
nisters whomsoever, to put themselves in seizb of the 
chattels aforesaid, and to retain them to the use of the 
same Earl and his heirs aforesaid. And also that they 
should have for ever all fines for trespasses and other 
offences whatsoever, and fines for licence to agree, and 
all amercements, ransoms, and forfeited issues and for- 
feitures, year, day, waste, and estrepemen^ and all things 
which could pertain to us and our heirs of the like year, 
day, and waste, and murders, in respect of all the men and 
tenants of their lands and fees whatsoever, in any soever 



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idem Comes et bseredes sui prsedtcti, per se vel per balU- 
T08 et roinistroB suob, Gnea, amerciaments, redemptioneB, 
exitus, et foris&LCtuTas hujusmodi bominum et tenea- 
tium suonim predictorum, et omnia quse ad nos et luere- 
dee noBtroB pertinere possent de anno die et vasto Bive 
Btreppo et muidro prsedictis, levare percipere et habere 
poasent, — Bine occasione Tel impedimento n<Mtri aut hsere- 
dum noBtrorum, juBtitiariorum, escaetorum, Ticecomitum, 
coronatorum, aut aliorum ballivorum sen miDistrorum nos- 
tronim quonimcunque. Quam quidem cartam post mor- 
tem ipsius ComitiB Henricus filiua et hffires ejuBdem 
Comitia, cui omnia terrse et tenementa quse fiienmt ipsius 
Comitis jure [heereditario] descendebant, nobis ex certis 
causis reddidit cancelUndam, et ea de causa carta ilia 
cancellatur «cut per inapectionem rotulomm cancellari» 
noBtrse nobis constat Nos advertentes ea quse sic in feodo 
talliato pnefato Comiti et haeredibus de corpore buo procre- 
atis per nos concessa fuerunt, et de quibue preedictus Comes 
virtute conceasionb nostne preedictee fuit seisitus in domi- 
nico BUG ut de feodo die quo obiit, per redditionem carts 
prsdictce nobis per prcedictum Henricum filium Henrici 
sic factam, aut per quodcunque aliud foctmn ejusdem Hen- 
rici filii, in prsejudicium et exbseredationera hteredum suo- 
rum de corpore suo exeuntiiun, secundum legem et consue- 
tudinem regni nostri aduullari non posse, sed in suo robore 
permanere debercj ac volentes ea consideratiooe carissimo 
filio nostra Johanni nunc Duci Lancastriffi qui Blancbiam, 
filiam et baeredem prsedicU Henrici filii Henrici postmodum 
Ducis Lancaatrite, duxit in uxorem, et eidem Blaochis^ 
qui quidem Johannes et Blanchia omnia terras et tene- 
menta, qusR fuerunt tam preedicti Henrici patris quam 
prsefatj Henrid 01ii jure bsereditario, ut in jure prsedictee 
BlanebisB de corpore prsedicti Henrici filii Henrici pTx>- 



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398 

of the courts of us and our heirs, wbere such men and 
tenants sbould happen to make fine, or be amerced or 
forfeit issues, or such year, day, and waste, oi forfeitures 
and murders happen to be adjudged, as well before us 
and our heirs, and in the chancery of us and our heirs, 
and before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer 
of UB and our heirs, and before the justices of the bench 
of us and our heirs, and before the steward and marshals 
or the clerk of the market of the household of us and 
our heirs, and in other the courts of ub and our heirs, 
as before the justices in eyre, to hold common pleas and 
pleas of the forest, and before all other justices and mi- 
nisters of us and our heirs whomsoever, as well in pr^ 
sence of us and our heirs as in absence of us and our 
heirs ; which fines, amercements, ransoms, issues, year, 
day, waste, or estrepemeut, forfeitures, and murders, 
would hare pertained to us or our heirs, if they bad 
not been granted to the aforeswd Earl and his heirs 
aforesaid. So that the same Earl and bis heirs afore- 
Baid, by themselves or by their bailifb and ministers, 
might levy, perceive, and have the, fines, amercements, 
ransoms, issues, and forfeitures of such their men and 
tenants aforesfud, and all things which could pertain to 
us and our heirs of the year, day, and waste or estrepe- 
meut, and murders afoiesaid,— without let or hinderance 
of us or our heirs, or of our justices, escheators, Bberifis, 
coroners, or other our bailiSs or ministers whomsoever. 
Which sfud charter, a^r the death of the aforesiud Earl, g 
Henry, son and heir of the same Eart (to whom all the t 
lands and tenements which were of the same Earl did by [he- i 
reditary] right descend], for certain causes surrendered unto 
us to be cancelled, and therefore the charter is cancelled, as 
to us appears by inspection of the rolls of our chancery* 



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899 

creatn, jam tenect, gntiam &cere spetualem, dictam con- 
cfHsionem noBtram prEehto Henrico Comiti, ut prtemittatur, 
factam, pnefotiB Johanni nunc Duci LancastTMe et Blanchic 
uzori ejuB duximuB innoTandain, et conceaainiiis et bac 
carta noBtra con6nnaTiini]B, pro nobis et hseredibus noatris, 
flisdem Johaoni Dud et Blanchise quod ipai et heeredeB 
eui de corporibus ipsorum Johannis et Blsnchife procreati 
et omnes bomineB Bui de terria et feodis quee fuerunt 
predict! Henrici patris dicto Beptimo die Maii imperpetuum 
sint quieti de paragio, pasBagio, paagio, loBtagio, stallagio, 
talla^^o, cariagio, pesagio, piccagio, et teiragio per totum 
regnum et poteBtatem no&tram ; et etiam quod iidem Dux et 
Blanchia et hEeredea Bui preedicti imperpetuum babeant 
retonia omoium breTium noBtrorum et bseredum nostrorum, 
ac Bummonitionum de acaccario noBtro et bKredum noB- 
trnrum, et attachiamenta tarn de placitiB corons quam de 
aliis quibuscunque in omnibus terris et feodis pnedictis; 
ita quod nutluB vicecomea vel alius ballivue Beu minister 
noBter vel bieredum nostrorum terras bcu feoda ilia in- 
grediatur ad executiones eonindem brevium et Bum- 
monitionum, Beu ad attachiamenta de placitis coronee 
Tel aliia prsedictia aut aliquod aliud oScium ibidem 
faciendum, niai in defectum ipsorum Ducia et Blanchis 
et bEeredum suorum prsedictorum ac ballivorum et minis- 
trorum suorum in terris et feodis suis prsedictis. Et etism 
quod babeant catalla hominum et tenentiiim suorum fc 
loQum et Fugitivorum; ita quod si qws bominum Tel tenen- 
tium Buorum pro delicto auo vitam vet membrum debeat 
amittere Tel fugerit et judicio stare noluerit rel aliud 
quodcunque delictum fecerit pro quo catalla sua debeat 
perdere, ubicuuque justitia de eo fieri debeat me io 
curia nostra Tel bseredum nostrorum sive in alia curia> 
ipsa catalla sint ipsorum Ducis et Blancbiot et bteredum 



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We, taking into coDstderation that those things vhich ti» rut >■ 
bad been so granted by us in fee-tail to the aforesaid Earl Dstiitmih^ 
and the heirs of his body begotten, and whereof the afore- 
said Earl by virtue of our grant aforesaid was seised in 
his demesne as of fee on the day of his death, could not 
by any surrender of the charter aforesaid to us so made 
by the aforesaid Henry the son of Henry, nor by any 
other act of the same Henry the son, in prejudice and 
disbeTison of hia heirs of his body issuing, be annulled 
according to the law and custom of our realm, but ought 
to remun in their full forces and being willing, with that 
consideration, to shew espetnal faror to our most dear s<m 
John now Duke of L«ncaBter (who took to wife Blanche, 
daughter and heir of the aforesaid Henry son of Henry» 
afterwards Duke of Lancaster), and to the same Blanch^ 
which same John and Blanche now hold by hereditary 
rights as in right of the aforesaid Blanche, begotten of 
the body of the aforesaid Henry son of Henry, all the 
lands and tenements which were as well of the aforesud 
Henry the father, as of the aforesaid Henry the son, hare ii«Mindi> 
thought fit to renew our said grant, made as is premised £^^^ 
to the aforesiud Earl Henry, unto the aforesaid John now ut-^^*^ 
Duke of Lancaster and Blanche his wife; and we have b^oBrnj 
granted, and by thu our charter have confirmed, for us Dub. 
and our heirs, to the same Duke John and Blanche, that 
they and their heirs of the bodies of the same John and 
Blanche begotten, and all their men of the lands and fees 
which were of the aforesaid Henry the father on the said 
seventh day of May, may be for ever quit of paviage, pas- ^^^ 
sage, payage, laetage, stallage, tallage, carriage P«Bage^ 
picage, and groundage throughout all our realm and domi- 
nion ; and also that the same Duke and Blanche, and their 
heirs aforesaid for ever, may have the return of all writs of 



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800 

BUOTum prtedictorum, et quod liceat eis aeu miaiBtria suie 
sine impedimeiito nostri vel heereduni Doatrorum Ticecomi- 
tum aut aliorum balltvonim eeu ministrorum ooatrorum quo- 
rumcimque pouere se in seifllDani de catallis pnedictis et ea 
ad uaum ipeorum Duds et BUochise et heredum suorum 
prsdictorum rednere. £t etiam quod habeant imperpe- 
taum omneB fines pro tranegreseionibuB et aliie delicds qui- 
buscunque et etiam fines pro licentia concordandi, ac omnia 
amerciamenta redemptiones et exitue foris&ctos, ac foris- 
facturaa, anniun diem et vastum et atreppum, et omnia quae 
ad nos et b^redes noatros pertinere poterunt de bujuBmodi 
anno die et vasto et murdris de omnibus bominibus et te- 
nentibuB de dictis terria et feodis qun fuenmt dicti Hen- 
rici patris dicto sep^mo die Maii, in quibuscunque curiis 
nOBtris et bieredum nostrorum bomines et tenentee illos, 
tain coram nobis et heeredibus nOBtris, et in cancellaria 
nostra et hieredum nostrorum, ac coram thesaurario et 
baronibus nostris et hmredum nostrorum de acaccarioj et 
coram justitiariis nostris et bsetedum nostrorum de banco, 
ac coram senescallo et marescallie seu clerico mercati 
hoepilii nostri et bieredum nostrorum, qui pro tempore 
fuerint^ et aliis curiis noBbis et hieredum noBtronun, 
quam coram juBtitiariis itinerantibue ad communia pla- 
cita et ad placita foresee et quibuscunque aliis jus- 
titiariis et ministris noBtris et bteredum nostrorum, 
tarn in prsesentia nostra et hteredom nostrorum quam 
in absentia nostra et beeredum noBtrorum, fines facere vel 
amerdari, exitus forisfacere, annum diem et vastum seu 
foriehcturas et murdra adjudicari contigerit; quse fines, 
amerciamenta, redemptiones, exitus, annus dies vastum 
sive Btreppum, forishctur» et murdra, ad nos vel bsredes 
nostros posseut pertinere, si prseiatis Duci et Blancbise et 
bseredibus suis preedictts concessa uon fuissent. Ita quod 



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us and our heirs, and summoiis of the exchequer of us and Hmni or 
our faein, aad the attachment as well of pleas of the crown iDrnmoDior 
as of other pleas whatsoever in all the lands and fees afore- i-^- 
eud; BO that no sheri^ or other bailiff or minister of us atj,uuci 
or our heirs, may enter those lands or fees, to execute 
the same writs and summons, or to make attachment of 
the pleas of the crown or other pleas aforesaid, or to do 
any other office there, unless in default of the same Duke 
and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid, and their bailiSs 
and ministers in their lands and fees aforesaid. And also cmuiciior 
that they may have the chattels of their men and tenants 
being felons and fugitives; so that if any one of their 
men or tenants ought to lose life or limb for his offence, 
or should flee and be unwilling to stand his trial, or 
commit any other offence for the which be ought to 
lose hia chattels, wheresoever justice should be had of 
him, whether in the court of us or our heirs, or in any 
other court, such chattels shall belong to the same Duke 
and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid. And that it shall 
be lawful for them or their ministers, without hinderance 
of us or our heirs, or of our sheriBs, or other bailifis or 
ministers whomBoever, to put themselves in seizin of the 
chattels aforesaid, and retain them to the use of the same 
Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid. And also Pinantd 
that they may have for ever all fines for trespasses and mcnthrM- 
Other offences whatsoever, and also the fines for licence ^Mmm, 
to agree, and all amercements, ransoms, and forfeited 
issues and forfeitures, year, day, and w'aste, and estrepe- 
ment, and all things which can pertain to us and our 
heirs, of the like year, day, and waste, and murders, in 
respect of all the men and tenants of the said lands and 
fees, which were of the said Henry the father on the 
said seventh day of May, in any soever of the courts of 



i by Google 



iidem Dux et Blancbia et heeredee sui preedicd, per se vel 
per balUvoB et miniatroe buos, fines, amerciaisetita, redemp- 
tiones, exitiU) et forisfacturas hujusmodi hominum et 
tenentiam aaorum pnedictorum, et omnia quae ad noe et 
lueredes nostroa pertinere poterunt de anno die et raato sire 
streppo et murdris prsdictia, lerare percipere et habere 
possint, — one occasione vel impedimento ngetri rel hsere- 
dum noBtTorum, juatitiariorum, escaetonim, viceconiitum, 
coronatorum, aut aliorum balliTorum seu miDistrorum noa- 
trorum quorumcunque. Quare Tolumus et finniter pne- 
cipimus pro nobis et hieredibus Doatris quod pnefati Dux 
et Blancbia et baeredes aui prsedicti imperpetuum habeant 
ournea libertates prsedictaa sicut prsdictum eat, et eis et 
eanjin qualibet decfetero plene gaudeant et utantur, reddi- 
done seu cancelUtione cartse pnedictee non obstante. Ita 
quod Bi prEcdictJ Dux et Blancbia dne hserede de cor- 
poribus Buifi exeunte obierint, tunc omues et singulee 
libertates praedictse, post mortem ipeorum Ducis et 
Blanchise ad nos et faieredes nostras integra rever- 
tantur. Hiis testibus, venerabilibus patribus, Simone 
Eliensi Cancellario, Johanne Bathoniensi et Wellensi Hie- 
aaurario, nostria, Episcopis, Leonello Duce Clarendee filio 
noBtro caTiBsimo, Humfrido de Bohun Herefordie^ Ricaido 
Arundelliee, Comitibus, Edwardo le Deepenser Domino de 
Glamoi^gaa et Morgannowe, Guidone de Bryan, Jobanne 
atte Lee Senescallo hospitii nostri, et aliis. Data per 
manum nostram apud Westmonasterium quartodecimo die 
Julii, anno regni ' noBtri tricesimo octavo. N'OS autem 
cartam supradictam ac omnes donationes concesaionea et 
omnia alia in eadem contents pro nobis et hsredibus no»- 
tris tenore preesentium radficomus et confirmamus, juxta 
tenorem et effectum cartee aupradictae. In cujus rei tes- 
timonium bas literas nostras fieri fecimus patentes. Teste 



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801 

UB and our heUB» where sudi men and tenantB shall 
happen to make fine, or be amerced, or forfeit issues, 
or such year, day, and waste, or forfeitures and murders, 
happen to be adjudged, as well before ub and oar heirs, 
and in the chancery of us and our heirs, and before the 
treasurer and barons of the exchequer of ua and our heirs, 
and before the justices of the bench of us and our bein, and 
before the steward and marshals, or tbe clerk of the market 
of tbe household of us and our heirs for the time being, 
and in other the courts of us and our heirs, as before 
the justices in eyre, to hold common pleas and pleas of 
the forest, and before all other justices and ministers of 
us and our heirs whomsoever, as well in presence of us 
and our betrs as in absence of us and our heirs; which 
fines, amercements, ransoms, issues, year, day, waste, or 
estrepement, forfeitures, and murders, would pertun to 
US or our heirs, if they bad not been granted to the 
aforesaid Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesud. 
So that the same Duke and Bhuiche, and their heirs afore- 
sud, by themselves or by their buli^ and ministers, may 
levy, perceive, and have the fines, amercements, ransoms, 
issues, and forfeitures of such their men and tenants afore- 
Siud, and all things which can perttun to us and our heirs 
of tbe year, day, and waste, or estrepement and murders 
aforesaid, — without let or binderance of us or our heirs, or 
of our justices, escheators, sherifis, coroners, or other our 
bailiffs or ministers whomsoever. Wherefore we will and 
strictly command for us and our heirs, that tbe aforesaid 
Duke and Blanche, and their heirs aforesaid, shall have 
all tbe liberties aforesaid for ever, as is aforesaid, and 
shall henceforth fully enjoy and use them and every of 
them, notwithstanding the surrender or cancelling of the 
charter aforesud. So that if the aforesaid Duke and 



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me ipso apud WestmoDasterium quartodecimo die Septem- 
bris anno re^i Doetri piimo. INSPEXIMUS insuper 
quandam aliam cartam nostram factam in hffic verba: 
RICARDUS Dei gratia Rex Angli» et Franriae et Do- 
minus Hibemise omnibus ad quos prsraentes litene perve- 
nerint salutenu Inepeximus quandam cartam iodentatam 
nuper factam inter cariasimtun dominum et avum noBtrum 
Dominum Edwardum Regem Angliie defunctum et caris* 
Biotum filium suum Johannem Regem Castellse et Le- 
^onie Ducem Lancastriae, avunculum nostrum, et sub 
magno aigillo preedicti avi nostri aigillatam, in h^ec verba: 
Hxc carta indentata facta inter magnificum priacipem 
Dominum Edwardum Regem Angllae et Franciec et carie- 
Bimum filium Buum Johannem Regem CastellGe et Legionis 
et Ducem Lancaatriee illustrem teetatur quod cum idem 
DomiuuB Rex Anglise praefatum Johannem nunc Regem 
Caetellse in Comitem Richemondiw prsefecerit, et comita- 
tum Richemondiae ac bonorem caatra maneria terras tene- 
ments et omnia alia loca ad dictum comitatum pertinentia 
quae Johannes nuper Dux Britannise et Comes lod prtedicti 
babuit ibidem, priefato Johanni Re^ CaBtellsB per nomen 
Comitis Ricbemondisp, habenda et tenenda eibi et beere- 
dibus de corpore buo exeuntibus dederit et coucesserit 
per cartam suam, prout iu carta prsedicta plane liquet: 
Jamque dictus Johannes Rex Castellae, cum prselatis pro- 
ceribuB comitibuB magnatibus nobilibus et sapietitibus de 
concilio regio existentibus praehabitis super hoc diversia 
tractatibuB, perpendens et advertens quod ei comitatus 
honor castra maneria term tencmenta et loca praedicts 
in se et solium regium, a quo prius exiverant, transfe- 
rentur, in ipsius Regis Angliie et totjus regni Anglte 
commodum tenderet, quietem pariter et bonorem. Et 
prmterea dictus Jobannee Rex CastcDse, sicut gratus 



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fiUnche aball die without heir of their bodies issuing, 
then all uid every the liberties aforesaid, after tbe death 
of the same Duke and Bhinche, shall entjrel]' revert u> 
us and our heirs. These being witnesses, tbe venerable 
fathers, Simon Bishop of Ely, our Chancellor; John 
Bishop of Bath and Wells, our Treasurer; our most dear 
son Lionel Duke of Clarence; Humphrey de Bohun, Earl 
of Hereford; Richard E^rl of Arundel; Edward le De- 
speneer, Lord of Glamorgan and Morgaonowe; Guy de 
Brian; John atte Lee, Steward of our household, and 
others. Given under our hand at Westminster, on the 
fourteenth day of July, in the thirty^eigbth year of our 
reign. AND we the charter abovesaid, and all the dona^- 
Uons, grants, and all other things therein contained, do 
for us and our heirs, by the tenor of these presents, ra^ 
tify and confirm according to tbe tenor and effect of the 
charter abovesaid. In witness whereof we have caused 
these our letters to be made patent. Witness ourself at 
Westminster, on the 14th [Pfifteenth] day of September, in 
the first year of our reign. WE have - inspected, more- 
over, a certain other charter of ours made in these words; 
RICHARD, by the grace of God, King of England and ijth8«i>t. 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to all to whom the present <■»■ iih- 
tetters shall come, greeting. We have inspected a certtun 
Charter indented, lately made between our most dear Lord 
and grandfather, Lord Edward late King of England, de- 
ceased, and his most dear son John King of Castllle and 
Leon, Duke of Lancaster, our uncle, and sealed under the 
great seal of our aforesaid grandfather, in these words: 
This Charter indented, made between the high and isoijai». 
mighty prince, Lord Edward King of England and France, '"' *«*■ 
and his most dear son John, the illustrious King of Cas- 
tille and Leon and Duke of Lancaster, witnesseth, that, 



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SOS 

filiiu, patris aui beneplacita, bonorem et commodum regm 
Aaglise, buih propiiis utilitadbus anteponenB, pura et 
BpoDtanea voluntate bub, causis et occaeionibus antedictis, 
spedaliter acquievit et coDceasit quod cooiitatus bonor 
caatra maneria terrse teaementa et loca prsedicta, uecnon 
feoda militum ad eadem comitatum bouorem caetra ma- 
Deiia terras teuementa et loca praedicta pertinentia, et 
mmiliter advocationes eisdem spectantes eiraul cum mem- 
bris bamelettiB pratia paacuiB paBturia piacariis moris maris- 
ciB turbariis chaciis parcia boBcis wareoais huadredifi wapen- 
tacbiis feriis mercatis libertatibua liberis conauetudiuibua 
escaetia et omnibuB aliis ad pnedicta comitatum bonorem 
caBtra maneria terras teuementa et loca prsedicta qualiter- 
cuuque et ubicuuque spectautibuB sire perdneutibns, prae- 
fato patri buo traderentur ; unde prsedictus Dominus Rex 
AnglisB gretitudinem preedictam multiB attollens laudibus, et 
Tolens proinde prtefato Jobanni Regi Castellse, et in Btatus 
aui supportationem majorem, retributioQem sibi facere com- 
petentem, castrum manerium et bouorem de Tickbull, cas- 
trum et manerium de Alto Pecco, cum feodis militum eiadem 
caetria maneriis et booori pertinentibua sive spectantibufl, et 
omnia feoda quse dictus DominUB Rex Angliae habuit ex 
dono et conceasione Roberti de Lisle milids (feodis quse in 
manu ipaius Domini Regis Auglise aunt extiucta dmu' 
tasat exceptiB) uecnon adTocationeB ecclesiarum de Steyn- 
drop et Braunapath in epiacopatu Dunolmensi, et libera- 
pun capellarum de Tickbull et de Alto Pecco, ac ecclesin 
de Marsfetd, libers capellffi ibidem, libene capellie infra 
castrum de Pevenese, prioratus de Wilmingdon, qui eat 
cella abbatise Sanctae Marise de Greston in Xonnanoia, 
et prioratUB de Witbibam, qui eat cella abbadae Sancti 
Martini de Meremeat Turon', et domus Sancti Roberti 
de Knaresbui^b ; caatrum manerium et bonorem de Knares- 



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wbereu the Btme Lord the KiDg of Eoglaiid did advance E>uta 
the aforesaid John, oow King of Caatille, to be Earl of DakinfLui- 
Ridimond, and hj hia charter did give and grant unto the '^"i'*^ 
aforesaid John King of Caatille, by the name of Earl of J^*^ 
Richmond, dw earldom of Richmond, and the honor, cas- 
tles, manors, lands, tenements, and all other places to the 
said earldom pertaining, which John late Duke of Brit- 
tany and Earl of the aforesud place had there, to have 
and hold to him and the heirs of his body isBuing, as in 
the charter aforesaid plainly doth appear: And now the 
said John King of Castille, divers treaties hereupon being 
had with the prelates, peers, earls, grandees, nobles, and 
sages of the royal council, well neighing and consider* 
ing, that, if the earldom, honor, castles, manors, lands, 
tenements, and places aforesaid were to be transferred 
to him and the royal throne, whence they had first 
issued, it would tend not less to the advantage of the 
said King of England, and the whole realm of England, 
than to the quiet and honor of the same. And besides 
the said John King of Castille, like a grateful son, pr^ 
ferring his father's pleasure, and the honor and con- 
venience of the kingdom of England, to his own private 
advantage, of his own pure will and free accord, for the 
causes and reasons aforesaid, hath espedally acquiesced 
and granted that the earldom, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, and places aforesaid, and also the 
knights' fees pertaining to the same earldom, honor, 
castles, manors, lands, tenements, and places aforesaid, 
and in like manner the advowsons belonging to the same, 
together with the members, hamlets, meadows, feedings, 
pastures, fisheries, moors, marshes, turbaries, chases, parks, 
woods, warrens, hundreds, wapentakes, fairs, markets, li- 
berties, free customs, escheats, and all other things to the 



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S04 

bur;gb cum pertioentiis, et bundredum are wapentachium 
de Staynclif, cum pertinentiie in comitatu Eboraci, ma- 
neria de Grynglay et Whetelay, cum perUnentiis in co> 
mitatu Notinghamise, maneria de Wyghton, Ailefiham, Fa- 
kenhamdam, et SDetesbam; uecnon hundreda de Nortb- 
grenebowe, Northerpingbaro, tjutherpiDgham, et Smetbe- 
don, cum pertinentiie in comitatibue NorfolciEe et Suffolcis^ 
maDeria de Glatton et Holm, cum pertinentiis in comitatu 
HuDtingdoDiae, manerium de Sabam, cum pertinentiis in 
comitatu Cantabrigise, castrum et leucatam de Pevenese 
ac maneria de Wilyndou et MarBfeld, necnon ballivam de 
Endelenewyk, cum pertinentiis in comitatu Sussexiie, et 
liberam cbatnam de Alto Pecco, quam dictuB Dominus 
Rex Angliee tenuit in manu Bua ut forestam, tenendam ut 
liberam cbadam, ac liberam chaciam de Aeshedon, cum 
juribus et libertatibus liberis chaciis pertinentibus ; et 
anouam finnam duceutarum marcarum quam abbas et 
conventus beatte Maiite Eborum eidem Domino Regi 
Angliie et hscredibus Buis pro manerio de Wbitegift sol- 
vere teneotur, percipiendam per manus dictorum abbatis 
et conventus et gucceasorum suorum, dedit et concessit 
pro Be et bseredibuB buib prsfato Jobanni Regi Castells, 
habeuda sibi et bEcredibus de corpore suo exeuntibus una 
cum membris bamelettis pratis pascuie paaturia piscarils 
moris mariscis turbariis cbaciis parcis boacis warennis 
bundredis wapentacbiis feriis mercatis libertatibus li- 
beris consuetudinibus escaetis et omnibus aliia ad j^- 
dicta castra maneria bonores bundreda leucatam ballivam 
et cbadas qualitercunque et ubicunque spectantibus ave 
pertinentibus de prasfato Domino Rege Angliie et b^re- 
dibue suiB per servitia inde debita et consueta imperpe- 
tuum in eecambium pro dictis comitatu Ricbemondiae et 
honore castris maneriis terris tenementis locis feodis et ad- 



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S04 

afdresud earidom, honor, csstles, manora, laDds, tenements» 
and places aroresaid howBoever and wheresoever heloag- 
ing or pertaining, shall be given up to his aforesaid lather; 
whereupon the aforesaid Lord the King of England, ex- 
tolling with many praises the gratitude aforesaid, and 
being willing therefore to make competent retribution 
to him the aforesaid John King of Castille, and for the 
better support of his station, hatb given and granted 
for himself and bis heirs unto the aforesaid John King 
of Casdlle the castle, manor, and honor of Tickhill, the 
castle and manor of the High Peak, with the knights' 
fees to the same castles, manors, and honor pertaining 
or belonging, and all the fees which the said Lord the 
King of England had by the gift and grant of Sir Robert 
de Lisle, knight, (excepting only those fees which are 
extinct in the hands of the said Lord the King of Eng- 
land,) and also the advowsons of the churches of Stun- 
drop and Brancepeth in the bisbopric of Durham, and 
of the free chapels of Tickhill and High Peak, and of 
the church of MaresGeld and free chapel there, of the 
free chapel within Pevensey castle, of the priory of Wil- 
mingdon, which is a cell of the abbey of St Mary de 
Greston in Normandy, and of the priory of Withiham, 
which is a cell of the abbey of St Martin de Meremest 
in Tourain, and of the house of St Robert of Knares- 
boro'; — the castle, manor, and honor of Knaresboro', with 
appurtenances; and the hundred or wapentake of Stain- 
clifl^ with appurtenances, in the county of York; — Uie 
manors of Gringley and Wheatley, with appurtenances, in 
the county of Nottingham; — the manors of Wighton, Ayls- 
ham, Fakenham, and Snettisham, and also the hundreds of 
North Greenhoe, North Erpingham, South Erpingbam, and 
SmitbdoD, with appurtenances, in the counties of Norfolk 



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605 

voccUiombus preedictie, qus idem Johannes Rex Castellse 
per banc cartam iodentatam dedit concesait et BurBtim red- 
didit eidem Domino Regi Aogliffi et haeredibus euie im- 
perpetuum in escambium pro castris maneriie honoribug 
hundredis leucata balliva chaciie firma feodis et advo- 
cationLbus praedictis, sibi per ipsum Dominum Regem 
Angli», ut praedicitur, daUs et coaceBsis, sub ea quse 
sequitur conditione, quod si heeredee dicti Johannis R^is 
CaatelUe recuperarerint per judicium inde rite redditum, 
comitatum Richemondise, honorem castra maneria terras 
tenementa loca feoda et advocationes praedicta aut ali- 
quam parcellam eorundem, virtute doni talliee supradicti, 
et possesBiouem inde babuerint, recuperation em illam affir- 
inand(i^liceateidemDomiiioRegi[Angli£e3et haeredibus Bids 
castra maneria bonoreB hundreds leucatam balliTam chacias 
firmam feoda et advocattones praedicta, prsefato Johanni 
Regi Castellae sic in escambium prsedictum data et coo- 
cessa, reintrare et teuere imperpetuum. Et a eontiQ- 
gat preedicta casb^ maneria honores hiindreda leuca- 
tam ballivam chacias firmam feoda et advocationes aut 
aliquam parcellam eorumdem priefato Johanui Regi Cas- 
tellse in escambium prsedictum sic data et concessa ab 
eodem Johanna Rege [Castellae] seu haeredibus suis praedic- 
tis recuperari, dictus Dominus Rex Anglise et hsredes sui 
debitam recompensatjonem preeEato Johanni Regi Castellse 
et haeredibus suis praedictiB, de valore, sine didScultate 
qualibet facere teneantur. Dumtamen idem Johanues Rex 
Castellae et haeredea sui prsedicti a dicto Domino R^e 
Anglise aut haeredibus suis auxihum petant, et debitam 
diligentiam appouant (Hrca salvationem de eo quod versus 
eos peti contingat Et eliam si comitatum Richemondiffi 
hoQorem castra maneria terras tenementa loca feoda et 
advocationes preedicta aut aliquam parcellam eorumdem 



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805 

and Suffiilk; — the manon of Olatton and Holm, with ap- 
purteuancea, in the county of HuDtio^on,- — the manor of 
Sobam. with appurtenaDces, io the county of Cambridge; 
— the castle and kucata of Peveneey, aud the manors of 
Willingdon and MaTcsficld, and also the buliwick of En- 
delenewick, with appurtenaoces, in the county of Sussex; 
^and the free chase of the High Peak, which the said 
Lord the King of England held in his hands as a forest, 
to bold as a free chase ; — and the free chase of Ashdown, 
with the rights and liberties, to free chases pertaining; — 
and the yearly farm of 200 marks which the abbot and 
convent of St Mary's at York are held to pay to the 
same Lord the King of England and bis heirs for the 
manor of Wfaitegift, to be perceived by the hands of the 
said abbot and convent, and their successors: — To have 
to him and the heirs of his body issuing, together with the 
members, hamlets, meadows, feedings, pastures, fisheries, 
moors, marshes, turbaries, chases, parks, woods, warrens, 
hundreds, wapentakes, fairs, markets, liberties, free cus- 
toms, escheats, and all other things to the aforesaid castles, 
manors, honors, hundreds, Uucata, bailiwick, and chases 
howsoever and wheresoever belonging or pertaining, of 
the aforesaid Lord the King of England and his heira, 
by the services therefore due and accustomed for ever, in 
exchange for the said earldom of Richmond, and the honor, 
castles, manors, lands, tenements, places, fees and advow. 
sons aforesaid, which the same John King of Castille by 
this charter indented hath given, granted, and surrendered 
to the same Lord the King of England and his heirs for 
ever in exchange for the castles, manors, honors, hundreds, 
letuata, bailiwick, chases, farm, fees, and advowaons afore- 
said, given and granted to him by the same Lord the King 
of England as is aforesud, — under the condition hereafter 



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extra manus dictt Domini Regie Angliee Beu hceredum 
auorum in feodo Btmplici aut talliato poni contiDgat, et 
imposterum ad manus ejusdem Domini Regie Angli» vel 
bseredum guorum, ex justa causa* in feodo dereDeiint, 
tam idem Dominus Rex Anglise et hseredes sm castra 
maneria hoDore« hundreda leucatam baHivam chadias fi> 
mam feoda et advocationes pnedicta prafato Johanni Regi 
Caatellse et hsredibus de corpora suo exeuntibus sic 
data et conceasa, quam prsefatus Johannes Rex Castells 
et hseredes sui prsedicti dictum comitatum Richemondiie 
ac honorem castra maneria terras tenements loca feoda 
et advocationes preedicta dicto Domino Re^ ADgUse et 
hsredibus suis in escambium prsedictum ut prsemittitur 
data et concessa, pro integro seu pro rata rebabeaot hinc 
et inde, et restitutio ezinde fiat, tenenda prout prius. Et 
idem Dominus Rex Angliee et haeredes sui castra maneria 
bonores hundreda leucatam balliram chacias firmam feoda 
et advocationes prsedicta, prsefato Johanni Regi Castellffi 
et heeredibuB de corpore suo exeuntibus per ipsum Do- 
minum Regem Anglise data et concessa, prsehto Johanni 
Regi Castellse et heeredibus suis praedictis warantizabunt et 
imperpetuum defendent, juxta vim et effectum escambii 
et conditionum preedictorum. Et similiter idem Johannes 
Rex [Castellse] et hasredes sui prsdictum comitatum Riche- 
mondise, eimul cum honore castris maneriis terns tenemen- 
tis locis feodis et advocationibus prsedictis, preedicto Domino 
Regi Anglise et bieredibus suis contra omnee gentee waran- 
tizabunt et imperpetuimi defendent, juxta vim et e^ctum 
escambii et conditionum prsedictorum. In cujus rei tes- 
timonium priedictee cartse indentatee tam si^llum dicti Do* 
mini Regis Anglise quam sigillum dicti Johannis Regis CaB- 
tellsB altematim sunt appensa. Hiis testibus, venerabilibuB 
patribus Willielmo Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi toUus An- 



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following, — that if the heirs of the aaid John King of 
Castille ehall recorer by judgment thereupon rightfully 
gi?en the earldom of Richmond, honor, castles, manors, 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid, or 
any parcel thereof, by virtue of the aforesaid gift in tail, 
and thereof have posseBsion, affirming that recovery, it may 
be lawful for the same Lord the King [of England] and his 
heirs to re-enter and hold for ever the castles, manors, 
hoDOrs, hundreds, leucata, bailiwick, chases, farm, fees, and 
advovBons aforesaid so given and granted to the aforesaid 
John King of Castille in exchange as aforesaid. And if 
it happen that the aforesud casUee, manors, honors, hun- 
dreds, leucata, buliwick, chases, farm, fees and advowsons, 
or any parcel thereof so given and granted to the aforesaid 
John King of Castille in exchange as aforesaid, be re- 
covered from the same John King [of Castille] or his heirs 
aforesaid, the smd Lord the King of England and his heirs 
shall be held to make due compensation of the value to 
the aforesaid John King of Castille and his heirs aforesaid 
without any difficulty. So however, that the same John 
King of Castille and his heirs aforesaid pray aid of the 
said Lord the King of England or his heirs, and apply 
due diligence about the salvation of Utat which may 
happen to be sued agaiuet them. And also if it happen 
that the earldom of Richmond, honor, castles, manors^ 
lands, tenements, places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid, 
or any parcel thereof, be put out of the bands of the 
said Lord the King of EngUnd or his heirs in fee 
simple or tail, and thereafter shall come by just cause 
into the hands of the same Lord the King of England 
or his heirs in fee, as well the same Lord the King of 
England and his heirs, the casUes, manors, honors, hun- 
dreiU, leucata, bailiwick, chases, farm, fees, and advowsons 



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807 

glise Primate, Sitnone LondinenBi et Willielmo Wintoniensi, 
Epiacopis, Edmundo filio dicti Regis Anglise carisrimo 
Cantabrigise, Ricardo Arundelliie, Humfrido de Bohuo He- 
refordisB et Willielmo de MoDte Acuto Sarum, Comitibiis, 
Henrico de Perey, Roberto de lliorp Cancellario, Ricaido 
de Scrop Tbeeaurario, Willielmo Latymer Cameraiio, Jo- 
banne de Neville SeneBcallo hospitii piaBdicti Domini Regie 
AngruB, Johanne Knyret, Willielmo de Fyncheden^ Jo- 
banne Moubray, Thoma de Ingelby, Willielmo de Wy> 
chyn^am, Rogero de Meres et Johanne de Cavendissb, 
ejusdem Domini Regis Anglite justitiariis, et oliis. Data 
apud Westmonasterium vicesimo quinto die Junii, anno 
regni dicti Domini Regis Anglise, [Anglise] quadragesimo 
sexto, regni vero sui Francise tricesimo tertio. INSI'EXI- 
MUS etiam quandam aliam cartam prsebti avi nostri 
nnper factam prsedicto avunculo nostro in faeec verba: 
Edwjrdvs, Dei gratia Rex Angliee et Francise, et Po- 
minus Hibemiie, archiepiecopis, episcopis, abbatibus, pri- 
oribuB, ducibus, comitibus, baronibus, militibus, justiti- 
ariis, vicecomitibus, prspositis, ballivie, miniBtriB, et aliis 
fidelibiiB Buis, ealutem. Sciatis quod cum nuper per cartam 
nostram indentatam dederimus et concessenmuB pro nobis 
et bsredibus nostris quantum in nobis fuit carissimo filio 
nostro Jobanni Re^ Castellse et Legionis, Duci Lancastrian) 
castrum manerium et bonorem de Tickhyll, ac alia terras 
et tenementa in dicta carta nostra specificata cum perti- 
nentiis ; habenda sibi et faseredibuB de corpore buo exeun- 
tibus in escambium pro comitatu Richemondise, ac boDore 
castris maneriis terns tenementis et omnibus aliis locis sd 
dictum comitatum pertineotibus nobis et h^redibua nostris 
per prsBfatum Slium nostrum datia concesBis et sursum reddi- 
tis, prout in carta nostra prsedicta plenius continetur ; ac jam 
pnefiitua filius noster nobis snpplicaverit ut cum villa de 



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807 

aforesaid so given and granted to the aforesaid Joba 
King of Castille and the heirs of his body issuing, as the 
aforesaid John King of Caatille and his heirs aforesaid, the 
stud earidom of Richmond, and the honor, castles, manors, 
lands, teDamente, places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid 
giren and granted to the said Lord the King of England 
and his heirs in exchange aforesaid, as is premised, may 
have back on either side entirely or proportionately, 
and restitution thereupon be made, to bold as before. 
And the same Lord the King of England and his heirs, 
the castles, manors, honors, hundreds, leacata, bailiwick, 
chases, farm, fees and advowsons aforesaid given and 
granted by the same Lord the King of England to the 
aforesaid John King of Castille and the heirs of his body 
issuing, wiil warrant and for ever defend to the aforesaid 
John King of Castille and his heirs aforesaid, according 
to the force and effect of the exchange and conditions 
aforesaid. And in like manner the same John King [of 
Castille] and his heirs, the aforesaid earldom of Richmond, 
together with the honor, castles, manors, lands, tenementa, 
places, fees, and advowsons aforesaid, against all men will 
warrant and for ever defend to the aforesaid Lord the 
King of England and bis heirs, according to the force 
and effect of the exchange and conditions aforesaid. In 
witness whereof, as well the seal of the said Lord the 
King of England, as the seal of tiie aaid John King of 
Castille, alternately are set to the aforesaid charter in- 
dented. These being witnesses, the venerable fotbers, 
William Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all Eng- 
land; Simon Bishop of London, and William Bishop of 
Winchester ; Edmund Earl of Cambridge, the most dear 
son of the said King of England ; Richard Earl of A rundel ; 
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and William de 



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SOS 

Orenstede quae ul parcella nunerii de Marsfeld, villa de 
Seford qux ut parcella castri et leucatae de Pevensey, 
et rilla de Lagbtoa io Mortbyng quse ut parcella caatri 
et honoris de TickhulU sibi in certum valoKtn in escam- 
tnum prsedictum (nulla spedali mentione facta de villig iUis 
ia dicta carta nostra) liberata fuenint, tria groaaa per se 
«eparadm et non pertineotia ad manerium de Marsfeld 
castrum et leucatam de Pevenaey et caBtrum et bonorem 
de TlckhuU prsedicta exiatant^ nee aliquo tempore fuerint, 
Bicut jam dbi datur intelligi, velimus ne ipse aut hm- 
redee sui priedicti super occupatione dictarum villarum 
de Grenstede, Seford, et X^hton, ob defectum specialig 
nomioaUonia earumdem in concesuone nostra preedicta 
impetantur infuturum, dictas villas de Grenstede, Se- 
ford, et Laghton, nominatim sibi concedere, habendas et 
tenendas una cum dictis castro manerio et honore de 
Tickbull, ac aliis terrig et tenementis sibi in dictum es- 
cambium daUs, et etiam cum libcrtatibus quietanUis et 
immunitatibus quas Pbilippa nuper Regioa Acgliee, tunc 
censors nostra, quro dicta castrum manerium et bonorem 
de Hckhull et alia terras et tenementa, eidem filio nostro 
per DOS sic data, tenuit, in vita sua habuit ex concesaione 
nostra in eisdem, in recompensationem libertatum quietan- 
tiarum et immunitatum quas idem filius noster in dicto 
comitatu Ricbemondiffi et bonore castris maoeriis terris 
tenementis et aliis locis ad dictum comitatum pertinen- 
tibuB habuit, dum ea tenuit, ante escambium supradictuoi. 
Nos escambium Ulud in qualibet parte ejusdem observare, 
et tarn quieti dicti filii nostri et broredum suorum prtedic- 
torum in hac parte prospicere, quam dicta tenementa eidem 
filio nostro ut priemittitur data et concessa ac dictas villas 
de Grenstede, Seford, et Laghton, quas virtute dictse 
concessionis nostrse sic tenet, Hbertatibus quietantiis et 



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808 

Montacute, Earl of Salisbury ; Henry de Percy; Robert 
de Thorp, Chaocellor; Richard de Scroope, Treasurer; 
William Latymer, Chamberlain ; Jobs de Neville, Steward 
of the household of the aforestud Lord the King of Eng> 
land; John Knyret, Williani de Fynchedene, John Moa> 
bray, Thomas de Ingelby, William de Wycfayngbam, Roger 
de Meres, and John de Cavendissh, Justices of the same 
Lord the King of England, and others. Given at West- 
minster on the twenty-fifth day of June, in the forty-sixth 
year of the reign of the said Lord the King of England, 
and the thirty-third of his r»gn of France. WE have in- 
spected also a certutt other Charter of our aforesaid grand- 
&tber lately made to our aforesaid uncle, in these words: 
EowAntit by the grace of God, King of England and lujunt, 
France, and Lord of Ireland, to his archbishops, bishops, A.D.1377.' 
abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, knights, justicet^ sbe- 
rifls, reeves, bailiffs, ministers, and other bis faithful people, 
greeting. Know ye, that whereas we did lately by our char* JiaMa om 
ter indented eive and grant for us and our heirs, as for as <«»'>■' 
did in ub lie, to our most dear son John King of Castillo and "™gj^ 
Leon and Duke of Lancaster the castle manor and honor of ^^' 
Tickhill and other lands and tenements in our said charter 
specified, with appurtenances, to have to him and the heirs of 
his body issuing, in exchange for the earldom of Richmond 
and the honor castles manors lands tenements and all 
other places to the said earldom pertaining, given granted 
and surrendered to us and our heirs by our aforesaid son, 
as in our charter aforesaid more fully is contained ; and nt ihn 
now our aforesaid son hath besought us, that, whereas the puiiionod 
town of Grinstead, which as parcel of the manor of Mares- towni,»hieii, 

* IhinicbDot 

field, the town of Seaford, which as parcel of the castle and ^f^,J^^ j,^ 
leucata of Pevensey, and the town of Laugfaton-in4e- ".'"jlrt™ 
Morthen, which ae parcel of the caetle and honor of "'"■""■ 



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tmmiiiutatibus, per pnefatam cooBortem nostram babitis 
ut pnemittitUT in eisdem, mimiri et «xomari, in recom- 
penaatJoneiD libertatum quietantiaram et immunitatum 
per prsBdictum filium nostrum in dicto comitatu Rjche- 
mondiee et pertinentiiB suis prsedictis nuper habitarum, 
et prsecipue ob spedaletn affectionem quam ad personam 
ejuBdem filii nostri, suie mentis magnificiB laudabiliter 
exigentibus, gerimus et babemus, concessimus eidem filio 
noBtro pro oobis et hteredibua noetris quod ipse dictas 
villas de Grenatede, Seford, et Laghton cum pertineatiis 
suis unirersie, etiam licet grossa eint per ae, an ut pnedic- 
tum est pertinentJK ad dictum manerium de Marsfeld, 
castrum et leucataro de Peveneey et castrum et honorem 
de Hekhull, faabeat et retiaeat, una cum dictis castro ma- 
nerio et bonore de 'nckhuU et aliis terris et tenemeotis 
praedictis sibi per noa, ut prsmittitur, datis, ac Ubertar 
tibua quietantiia et immunitatibua aubscriptie (quas prae- 
fatse Re^DSB in dictia tenia et tenementis quee ipsa ric 
tenuit ad vitam auam, conceBsimua, babeudas, sicut per in- 
spectionem rotulonim cancellariK nostree nobis constat), 
habendia utendis et gaudendis in dictis castro manerio et 
bonore de Tickhull, ac aliia castris maneriia boDoribua 
faundredis, et villis de Grenstede, Seford, et Lagbtou, ac 
aliia terris tenemenda et locis quibuscumque dicto filio 
nostro, ut eat dictum, per nos datis et in dicta carta nos- 
tra plenius specificatis, et qualibet parte eonimdem eidem 
filio ooBtro et dictis hseredibue de corpore suo, ut pne- 
dictum est, procreatia^ in escambium supradictum, eub modo 
et forma in eadem carta noatra contentis imperpetuum, 
videlicet, cum feodis militum, advocationibus domorum re- 
ligioaarum boapitalium eccleaiarum et capellarum, «ardia 
maritagiis et eacaetis de omnibua tenentibus de bo- 
noribuB maneriia terris tenementis et aliis locis prsedictiB 



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S09 

Tickbill, were delivered to him at a oertain valuation in 
the exchange aforeeaid, (no special mention being made 
of those towns in our uid charter,) be three towns in 
gross severally of tbemselves, and be not nor were at any 
time pertaining to the aforesaid manor of Maresfield, castle 
and latcata of Pevensey, and castle and honor of Tickhill, 
as now be is given to understand, lest he or his heirs afore- 
said should in future be impeached in the occupation of the 
said towns of Grinstead, Seaford, and Laugbton for the 
want of special naming of the same in our grant aforesaid, 
we would he pleased to grant the said towns of Giinstead, mi|bi ny 
Seaford, and Laugbton to him by name, to hare and to instniw 
bold together with the said castle manor and honor of 
Tickhill and the other lands and tenements given to him 
in the said exchange, and also with the liberties acquit- togMhuwith 
tances and immunities which Philippa, late Queen of Eng- «iIothiW 
land, then our consort, (who held the said castle, manor, ^'^."" 
and honor of Tickhill, and the other lands and tenements "^d*^'."^ 
BO given by us to our same son,) in her lifetime had in "'^ 
the same by our grant, in compensation for the liberties 
acquittances and immunities which our same son had tn 
the said earldom of Richmond, and in the honor castles ma- 
nors lands tenements and other places to the said earldom 
perttuning, whilst be held them before the exchange above 
said. We, to observe the said exchange in every part camidrn- 
thereo^ and to look as well to the quiet of our said son and •«<' pw<*> 
hb heirs aforesaid in this behalf, aa that the said tene- ™^^,^ 
ments given and granted to our same son as is premised, ^^^^ 
and the said towns of Grinstead, Seaford, and Laugbton, widi^'ar' 
which by virtue of our said grant he so holds, be adorned ' 

and armed with the liberties acquittances and immunities 
had in the same by our aforesaid consort as is premised, in 
compensation for the liberties acquittances and immuni- 



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SIO 

preefato filio nostro per no& sic datie, simul cum cbaciis 
pards boscis warenms feriia mercads aquie viis piBcariis 
communifl aaaartis rastis et purpresturia, ac etiatn airea- 
tationibus et reddittbua quonimcumque assartorum vas- 
torum et purpresturanim tam temporibus progenitorum nos- 
trorum quondam Regum Angliee quam nostjo id chaciis 
et aliis locus pr2edictiB arrentatorum et eznunc arrentan- 
doruin, ima cum finibua pro ingresBu hujugmodi assartorum 
vastoram et purpresturarum bic airentandorum, et cum 
cuiiJB, visibus franci plegii, bundredia, wapentachiis, wrek, 
wayf* et Btray*, libertatibus regalibus, et liberis coDsuetudi- 
nibuB, et omnibus aliiB ad eadem castra honores maoeria 
hundreda et alia terras teoemeota et loca qualitercumque 
[et2 ubicumque spectaDtibus. CoacesBimuB etiam pro nobiB 
et baeredibus nostris eidem filio dobIto quod ipse et dicti 
baeredeB sui babeant omnes fines redemptiones et amercia- 
meuta omnium hominum et tenentium Buorum de et in 
castris honoribus maneriis bundredis villis tetris teno- 
menUs et aliis locis prmdictiB »bi per nos sic datis, et 
eorum feodis, ac etiam in omnibua vitlis bundredis et 
aliis lods unde annuse firmse et redditUB sibi inter ceetera 
terras et tenementa prsedicta per noB concessi proventtint ; 
necnoD exitus foris&ctos, et omnia quae ad nos et hseredea 
nostros pertinere poterunt de anno die et vaBto, forisfec- 
turis et murdris, in quibuscumque curiis nostriB et bEeredum 
noBtrornm homines et tenentea illos (tam coram nobis et 
baeredibus nostris et in cancellaria nostra et hmredum 
nostrorum, ac coram tbesaurario et baronibus nostris 
et beeredum nostrorum de scaccario, quam coram justi- 
tiariis nostris et bEeredum nostrorum itinerantibuB ad 
communia placita et ad placita forestce, ac etiam coram 
justitiariis ncntris et h^redum nostrorum de banco, et 
coram senescallo et marescallo ac coronatore bospitii 



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ties lately had by our aforesaid son in the said earldom of 
Richmond and its appurteaaDces afbresud, and chiefly on ud in* 
account of the special afiection which we have and bear for cnoiM. 
the person of our same son, his high nierits full worthily 
requiring it, have granted to our same son, for us and our 
heirs, that he the said towns of Grinstead, Seaford, and n«iiuk* 
Laughton, with all their appurtenances, albeit even they nwtowntor 
he towns in gross of themselves, or whether as aforesud !?|^r^""' 
they be pertaining to the said manor of Maresfleld, castle whh ib* 
and leucata of Pevensey, and castle and honor of Hckhill, tt™ i> hin 
may have and retain together with the said castle manor 
and honor of llckhill and the other lands and tenements 
aforesaid by us given to him as is premised, and with udmjar 
the liberties acquittances and immunities underwritten, ii», tc. 
(which we granted to the aforesaid Queen to have in 
the sud lands and tenements by her so held for her 
life, as is evident to us by the inspection of the rolls 
of our chancery,) to have, use, and enjoy in the said 
castle manor and honor of Tickbill, and the other cas- 
tles manors honors hundreds, and the towns of Grin- 
stead, Seaford, and Laughton, and the other lands te- 
nements and places whatsoever, given by us as has 
been said to our said son, and in our sud charter more 
fully specified, and in every part thereof, — to our same 
son and the s^d heirs of bis body begotten as is afore- 
said, in exchange as abovestud under the manner and 
form contained in our same charter for ever, that is 
to say, with knights' fees, advowsons of religious houses, Kni^ti' 
hospitals, churches and chapels, wardships, marriages, and "i, (•-""*' 
escheats of all the tenants of the honors, manors, lands, te- ' 
nements and other places aforesaid by us so given to our 
aforesud son, together with chases, parks, woods, warrens, chuM, 
fairs, markets, waters, ways, fisheries, commons, assarts, ^"^' **' 



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811 

noBtri et hsBredum noBtrorum et clerico de mercatot 
ac coram aliie justitianiB et minietris noetris et fasere- 
dum nostronim quibuscumque) fines eeu redemptiones 
facera vel wnerdui, aut bujusmodi exitus munlra seu 
foriefacturaB annum diem et vastum adjudicari, conti^rit, 
adeo plene et integre aicut dob ea faaber^nua a prsdicta 
cBBtra honores maneria bundreda Tillas terras tenementa 
et alia loca prEedicta, eidem filio nostro tae data, id maiiu 
Doatra retinuisBemus. Ita quod ipse et dicti haeredes sui 
per maiius ballivorum et minietronun suorum fines redemp- 
tionefl et amerdamenta hominum et teneutium prsedictorum 
exitus forisfactos, «t omnia quse ad nos et baeredes noetros 
pertinere poterunt de bduo die vasto, forisiacturifl et 
murdris, de et ia castria bonoribus maneriis huudredis 
villis terris tenementis et aliis locis praedicds per nos lae 
datis ac eonim feodis, quae coram prtedictiB justitiariis id- 
nerantibue ad commuuia placita et ad pladta forestie, ac 
coram dictis senescallo et marescallo coronatore aeu clerico 
fieri et adjudicari coutigerit, per extractas eorumdero jub- 
titiarionun itinerantium in itineribus buib et senescalU 
et marescalli et coronatoris ac clerici in aessioDibuB suis 
eisdem ballivie et miniBtris inde liberandaa, necnou finea 
redemptiones et amerdamenta homiuum et tenentiuro pne- 
dictorum, ac exitus forisfactOB, et omnia qua ad nos et 
bnredes nostros pertJnere poterunt de anno die et vastO) 
forisfacturis, et murdris, de et io castris honoribus 
maneriis hundredis villis terns tenementis et aliis locis 
praedictlB per nos aic datia ac eonim feodis, quce oorfun 
nobis et baeredibus nostris, vel in cancellaria nostra et 
bsredum noetrorum, seu coram tbesaurario et baronibus 
□oetris et baeredum nostrorura de ecaccario, seu coram 
justitiariis nostris et baeredum nostronim de banco aut 
justitiariis ad assisas capiendaa et ad gaolas deliberandas 



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811 

wastes, and purpreflturei^ and also with the airentations 
and rents of all aumner of assarts, waBt«8, and purpreaturea 
arrented in the chases and other places aforesud, as well 
in our time as in the times of our pn^enitors formerly 
Kings of England, and hereafter to be arrented, together 
with the fines for ingress of the like assarts, wastes, and 
purpreatures so to be arrented, and with courts, views of 
frankpledge, hundreds, wapentakes, wreck, waif and stray, wmk. 
royal liberties and free customs, and all other things to the 
same castles, honors,* manors, hundreds, and other lands, 
tenements, and places bowsoerer and wheresoever belong- 
ing. We have also granted for us and our beirs to our piuh ud 
same son, that he and his said heirs may have all fines, ■>«>■>, 
ransoms, and amercements of all tbeir men and tenants 
of and in the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, 
lands, tenements, and other places aforesaid so given to 
him l^ us, and in their fees, and also in all the towns, 
hundreds, and other places whence the annual farms and 
rents by ns granted to him among the other lands and 
tenements aforesud do proceed ; and also forfeited issues, itoftited ii- 
and all things which can pertain to us and our heirs f»iH>n*.*e. 
of year, day, and waste, forfeitures and murders, in any 
soever of the courts of us and our heirs, where sach 
men and tenants shall happen to make fine or ransom 
or be amerced, or such issues, murdetB, forfeitures, year, 
day, and waste happen to be adjudged, as well before us ininror. 
and our heirs, and in the chancery of ns and our hein, and «"r^ 
before the treasurer and barons of the exchequer of us and 
our heirs, as before the justices of us and our heirs in eyre 
to hold common pleas and pleas of the forest, and also 
before the justices of the bench of us and our beirs, and 
before the steward and marshal and coroner of the house- 
hold of us and our heirs, and the clerk of the market, and 



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SIS 

seu jugtitiariis ad felonias et transgresBiones audiendss et 
terminandaa asaignatis, vel coram aliis justitiariiB seu mi- 
nistris noBtris et bseredum nostroruin quibuscumque fieri 
et adjudicari contigerit, per extractas acaccarii nostri et 
hcereduni nostrorum balUvia et minietria dicti filii nostri 
et dictorum hieredum suorum per maniu Ticecomitum in 
quorum balliviB castra honorea maneria hundreda villse 
teiTEB teuemeDta et alia loca prscdicta, ut est dictum, per 
DOS data, ac eorum feoda existunt, iude liberandas, lerare 
penapere et habere possint, — sine occasiooe vel impedi- 
mento noetri vel bseredum nostrorum aut ballivorum seu mi- 
nistrorum Dostrorum quorumcumque. £t quod idem BUas 
Qoster et dicU baaredes sui babeant in castris bonoribus 
maneriis bundredis villis tenis tenemeatie et alUs locis 
pnedictis per dob bic datis, ac eorum feodis, catalla felonum 
et fugitivonim; ita quod si quia bomiDum vel tenentium 
Buorum aut alii in locis praedictis vel eorum feodis pro 
delicto sue Titam rel membrum debeant amittere vel 
fugerint et judicio stare noluerint^ vel aliquod delictum 
fecerint pro quo catalla sua debeant perdere (ubicumque 
justitia de eta fieri debeat sive in curia nostra vel 
bseredum nostrorum sive in aliis curiis) ipsa catalla 
aint preefati filii nostri et dictorum baeredum suorum, et 
liceat eia seu ministris suis eine occasione vel impedi- 
mento nostri vel bseredum nostrorum vicecomitum et alio- 
rum ballivorum aeu ministronim nostrorum vel faferedum 
noBtrorum quorumcumque ponere se in Beisinam de catallis 
prsedictis et ea ad usum dicti filii nostri et bseredum suo- 
rum retinere. Conces^mue etiam prtefato filio nostro pro 
nobis et bseredibus nostris quod ipse et dicti fateredes 
sui babeant in caatrb bonoribus maneriis bundredis villia 
tenia tenements et aliis locis prsedictis dicto filto nostro 
aic dstis, ac eorum feodis, retoma omnium brevium no»- 



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before all other justices and miDisters of ub and our heirs 
whomsoever, as fiilly and entirely as we should have them if 
we bad retained in our hand the aforesaid castles, honors, 
maoorB, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid so ^ven to our same son. So that he ndxik* 
and his said heirs by the hands of his bailife and ministers ii»» by n 
may be able to levy, perceive, and have the fines, ransoms, g i,^^ 
and amercemente of the men and tenants aforesaid, foi^ *° '^™*' 
feited issues, and all things which to us and our heirs can 
perttun of year, day, and waste, forfeitures and murders, of * 
and in the castles, honors^ manors, hundreds, towns, lands, 
tenements, and other places aforesaid by us so given, and in 
their fees, — such aa shall happen to be made and adjudged 
before the aforesaid justices in eyre to hold common pleas 
and pleas of the forest, and before the said steward and 
marshal, coroner or clerk, by estreats of the same jus- 
tices in eyre in their circiuts, and of steward and marshal 
and coroner and clerk in their sessions, to be delivered 
thereof to the same bailiSa and minbters, — and also such 
the finee, ransoms, and amercements of the aforesaid men 
and tenants, and forfeited issues, and all things which to 
us and our heirs can pertain of year, day, waste, for- 
feitures and murders, of and in the castles, honors, 
manors, hundreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid by us so given, and in their fees, as shall 
happen to be made and adjudged before us and our heirs, 
or in the chancery of ub and our heirs, or before the trea- 
surer and barons of the ezche<)uer of ua and our heirs, 
or before the jugtices of us and our heirs of the common 
bench, or our justices assigned to take the assizes and to 
deliver our gaols, or the justices assigned to bear and deter- 
mine felonies and trespaases, or before other the justices 
or ministers of us and our heirs whomsoever, by estreats of 
2 q 



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S13 

trorum et biBredum nostrorum ac Buimnonitionum extrac- 
tanim et preceptorum de Bcaccario preedicto necDon prffi- 
ceptorum et extractarum justitiariorum nostrorum et bee- 
redam noetrorum ttineraDtium tain ad placita forest» 
quam ad communia placita, et alionim justitiariorum 
qaorumcumque, et executioneB eorumdem breviutn, budq- 
monitionum, extractarum et praeceptorum per ballivos et 
miniatroB suob faciendas. Ita quod nulIuB vicecomes bal- 
livuB aut miniBter noBter vel bsereduni noBtronim castra 
hoQorea maneria villas terras tenementa et alia loca 
pmdictai ut preemittitur, per noa data, vel eorum feoda, 
ad officia aliqua aeu alia officia aua tangentia facieiMla 
ingrediatur, nisi in defectum ipsius filii noetri aut dic- 
torum batredum rel balliTorum seu miniatronun suorum. 
Volumus insuper et concedimua pro nobis et hseredibus 
nostris quod si TJeecomites vel ballivi libertatum hun- 
dredorum aeu wapeDtacbiorum in aliquibus executionibus 
pro eodem filio nostro aut dicUs bseredibua Buis per brevia 
Hve mandata noatra, vel bffiredum nostrorum, aut quovis 
alio modo faciendie negligentea fueriatvel remiBsi per quod 
ipsos in Bcaccario nostro seu aliis curiis noBtria contigerit 
amerciari vel fiues facere, quod finea et amerciamenta ilia 
siDt dicti filii nostri et dictorum beeredum suorum, et ad 
eorum opus leventur. Hiis teetibus, venerabilibus patribus 
Simone Archiepiacopo Cantuariensi totius AnglisB Primate, 
Adam MeneveuBi Cancellario, Hennco Wigornenai Tbe- 
saurario, nostris, Episcopis, Edmundo Comite Cantabrigi^ 
Thoma de Wodeatok Constabulario Anglise, filiis noetris 
carissimis, Henrico de Percy Marescallo Anglise, Jobanne 
de Ipre Senescallo hoapitii nostri, Nicbolao Carreu Custode 
privati Bigilli nostri, et aliiB. Data per manum nostram 
apud Shene quarto die Junii, anno regni nostri Angliffi 
quinquagesimo primo, regni vero nostri Francise tricesimo 



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SIS 

the exchequer of us and our heira, to be delivered thereof 
to the buliEb and miniBters of our said eon and bis 
said heirs by the bands of the sfaerifi io whose bailiwicks 
the castles, honors, msnors, hundreds, towns, lands, t^e- 
ments, and other places aforesaid given by us as afore- 
said, and their fees, do lie; without let or hinderance of 
us or our heirs, or of our bailiSs or ministers whomeoever. 
And that our same son and his said heirs may have in 
the castles, honors, manors, hundreds, towns, lands, te- 
nements, and other places aforesaid by us so given, and 
in their fees, the chattels of felons and fugitives, so thiu c^ih* 
if any of their men or tenants or others in the places 
aforesaid, or in their fees, for their delinquency ought 
to lose life or limb, or shall flee and not be willing to 
stand their trial, or sbalt commit any offence for the which 
they ought to lose their chattels, (wheresoever justice shall 
be had of them, whether in the court of ns or our heirs, or 
whether in other courts,) such chattels shall belong to 
our aforesaid son and his said heirs, and that it shall be 
lawful for them or their ministers to put themselves in 
seizin of the chattels aroresaid, and retain them to the 
behoof of our said sou and his heirs, without let or hin- 
derance of us or our heirs, our sheriffs and other bailiffs 
or ministers of us or our heirs whomsoever. We have also hmuh 
granted to our aforesaid son, for us and our heirs, that ■>"rit 
be and bis said heirs may have in the castles, honors, °£^^ 
manors, buudreds, towns, lands, tenements, and other 
places aforesaid so given to our said son, and in their 
fees, the return of all writs of us and our heirs, and of 
summons, estreats, and precepts of the exchequer afore- 
said, and also of the precepts and estreats of the justices 
of us and our heirs in eyre to hold as well pleas of the 
forest as common pleas, and of other justices wfaomso- 



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octavo. NOS autem tarn dictam cartam iadentatam quam 
dictam aliam cartam, ac omnes dooaUoneB concessionee et 
omnia alia in eisdem cartis contenta pro nobis et hEeredi- 
buB nostris, tenore preesentium, ratificamus et confirmamus, 
juxta tenorem et eSectum cartarum supradictarum. In 
cujus rei testimonium has literas nostras fieri fecimus pa- 
tentes. Teste me ipso apud Westnionafiterium, quinto- 
decimo die Septembris, anno regni nostri primo. NOS 
autem donatioues, concessiones, confirmationes, libertatea, 
francheeias et quietantias pnedictas, ac omnia alia et an- 
gula ID dictie cartis et literia contenta, rata habentes et 
gratBt ea, pro nolns et bteredibus nostris, quantum in nobis 
est^ de gratia nostra special! acceptamus, approbamus, et 
pnefato Dud et hsredibus suis prsedictis imperpetuum, 
tenore prsesentium, concedimue et confirmamus, sicut carts 
et literec supradictee rationabiliter testantor. Pneterearo- 
lentes eidem Duci gratiam in hoc parte focere ampliorem 
de gratia nostra speciali concesaimus pro nolns et heredibus 
nostris, et bac carta nostra confirmavimus quod licet ipse 
aliqua rel aliquibus donationum, concessionum, confinna- 
tiooum, libertatum, francbesiarum et quietantiarum, aut 
aliorum in dictis cartis et literia contentorum, aliquo 
casu emergente, bactenus plene usus non fuerit, idem 
tamen Dux et bseredes sui pnedicti donationibus, conces- 
sionibos, confirmationibus, libertatibus, franchesiis et quie- 
tantiis, ac omnibus aliis et singulis in cartU et literia 
preedictis, ut prsemittitur, contentis, et eonun quolibet de- 
cetero plene gaudeant et utantur imperpetuum, sine occa- 
fflone vel impedimento nostri vel haeredum nostrorum, justi- 
tiariorum, escaetorum, vicecomitum aut aliorum ballivorum 
seu ministrorum nostrorum vel bseredum nostrorum quo- 
rumcumque. Et ulterius, ad probitatem strenuam et sa- 
pientiam excellentissimam ac alios multipllces mores et 



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814 

ever, and the execudon of the eame writs, summom, es- 
treats, and precepts, to be made by their bailifis and mi- 
niaters. So that no sheriff, buliff, or other minister of 
us or our heirs shall enter the castles, honors, manors, 
towns, landsi tenemente, and other places aforesaid by us 
given as is premised, or their fees, to perform any offices, or 
other things touching Uieir offices, unless in default of our 
same son or his said heirs, or of their bulifls or ministers. 
And furthermore we will and grant, for ua and our said fidcuuhi 
heirs, that if the sherifis or bfulift of liberties, hundreds, or J^^*^ 
wapentakes be negligent or remiss in making any execu- \ 
tions for our same son or his said heirs, by writs or man- ' 
dates of us or our heire, or in any other wise, whereby it 
shall happen that they be amerced or make fines in our 
exchequer or in other our courts, such fines and amend- 
ments shall belong to our said son and his said heirS) 
and may be levied to their behoof. Iliese being wit- 
nesses, the venerable fathera, Simon Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, Primate of all England; Adam Biahop of St. 
David's, our Chancellor; Henry Bishop of Worcester, 
our Treasurer ; Edmund Earl of Cambridge, and Thomas 
of Woodstock, Constable of England, our most dear sous ; 
Henry de Percy, Marshal of England ; John de Ipre^ 
Steward of our boueehold; Nicholas Carreu, Keeper of 
our privy seal, and others. Given under our hand at 
Sheen, on the fourth day of June, in the fifty-first 
year of our reign of England, and the thirty-eighth of 
our reign of France. AtfH we, as well the said charter 
indented as the sud other charter, and all the donations, 
grants, and all other things in the same charters con- 
tained, for us and our heirs by the tenor of these pre- 
sents do ratify and confirm according to the tenor and 
effect of the charters abovesud. In witness whereof we 



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815 

merita pnefoti avuncuU oostri, qui nullis cedens laboribus 
vel expeuus. Be tam in coneiliis obaequiis et aliis agendis 
nobis et tod regno nostro fructuosifl et bonorifida semper 
retroactis temporibus obsequiosum pariter et paratum ex- 
bibtiit et exbibet indefesse, coDdignam coDsideratioDem 
babentes, et volenlee, prKmissorum intuitu, pnefatum 
avuDculum noBtxum, qui pne CEeteris in s&pientia, Btrenui- 
tate et bonore nobis et regno noatro prsedicto maxime 
valere et locum potiorem tenere potest, gratiis et &vori- 
bus amplioribus pnerogare, de uberiori gratia nostra, pro 
niajori securitate ipsius Ducis avunculi nostri, declaramus, 
coDcedimus, et confirmamus, pro nobis et hseredibuB nos- 
tris, prtefato Duci, quod ipse ad totam vitam suam babeat 
omnes fines pro transgressione et aliis malefactis quibus- 
cumque ; ac etJam fines pro licentia concordandi, et omoi- 
modos alios fines, redemptiones, et amerciamenta, ex qua- 
cumque causa et per quamcumque causam provenientia, 
necnon exitus forisfactos de omnibus bominibus et tenentibus 
de et in terris et feodis praadicti Ducts, et de omnibus infra 
eadem terras et (eoda resideotibus, quanquam iidem ho- 
mines, tenentes, seu residentes, ministri nostri rel hseredum 
noetrorum existant. Et quod idem Dux ad totam vitam suam 
habeat quascumque foriafactuTas annum diem vastum et 
estreppamentum, et quicquid ad nos vel bseredea noatros 
pertinera poterit de anno die vasto et estreppamento, fo- 
riaEacturia et murdris, infra terras et feoda praedicta, in 
quibuscumque curiia nostris et lueredum noetrorum sive in 
quacumque curia alterius, contigerit quod prsdicti homi- 
nes, tenentes, seu residentes facient fines vel erunt amer- 
ciati, vel exitus forisfacient; seu quod prasdicta annua dies 
vaatum et estreppamentum, foriafactura vel murdrum, ad- 
judicata erunt, tam in prEesentia nostra et bseredum noetro- 
rum, quam in absentia nostra et bieredum nostrorum, et 



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hnve caused these our letters to be made patent. Wit- 
ness ourself at Westminster, on the fifteenth day of Sep- 
tember, in the first year of our reign. AND we, ratifying canamutioii 
and approving the donations, grants, confirmations, liber- cku? "* 
ties, franchises, and acquittances aforesaid, and all and 
singular other the things in the said charters and letters 
contained, do, for us and our heirs, as fv as in us lies, 
of our especial grace accept and approve the same, and 
do grant and confirm them by the tenor of these pre- 
sents to the aforesud Duke and his heirs aforesaid for ever, 
ae the charters and letters abovesud reasonably do wit- 
ness. Willinir, moreover, to shew the same Duke more oafwv.%. 
ample favor in this behalf, we have granted of our espe- «w-i»»» 
cial grace for us and our heirs, and by this our charter 
have confirmed, that albeit, any case arising, be have not 
hitherto fully used any one or more of the donations, 
grants, confirmations, liberties, franchises and acquittances, 
or other things in the said charters and letters contained, 
ueverthelesB the same Duke and his heirs aforesaid may 
henceforth fully enjoy and use for ever the donations, 
grants, confirmatioDS, liberties, franchises, and acquittances, 
and all and singular other the things contiuned in the char- 
ters and letters aforesud, as is premised, and every of 
them, without let or binderance of us or our heirs, the «uikmim 
justices, escheatore, sherifis, or other h«lifis or ministers {^*,|||''^' 
of us or our heirs whomsoever. And furthermore, hav- •n'»'"™- 
ing condign consideration of the strenuous goodness and ^'(^"f^, 
most excellent wisdom, and other manifold merits and ^^'^*^ 
good demeanour of our aforesaid uncle, who yielding to **°'>™" 
no labors or expenses hath ever in times past proved him- 
self, and yet unweariedly proves himself, equally ready and 
compliant in giving his counsel, and in the performance of 
other duties profitable and honorable to us and our whole 



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S16 

tain coram nobis et hsredibus nostris, et in cancellaria nostra 
et hnredum noatrorum, ac coram tbesaurario et baronibus 
de scaccario noetro et bseredum noatromm, et coram justitia- 
riis nostris et bseredum nostroram de communi banco, necnoo 
coram Benescallo et mareacallis seu coram coronatore bospitu 
noBtri et hsredum nostrorum vel clerico mercati, qui pro 
tempore erunt, et in aliis curiis nostris et bseredum nostro- 
rum, quam coram juetJtJariis nostris itinerantibus ad com- 
munia placita et ad placita forestse, justitianis ad assiBas 
capiendas et gaolas deliberandas, ac coram quibuscumque 
aliis justitiariis et ministris nostris et bseredum nostrorum, 
tarn in prsesentia nostra et hxredum nostrorum, quam in 
absentia nostra et bseredum nostrorum, adeo plene et integre 
sicut nos vel bseredes nostri ea baberemus si ilia prsehto 
Duci non concessissemus. Ita quod prsedictus Dux per 
manuB ballivorum et aliq^um ministrorum suorum levare, 
percipere, et babere possit, fines, redemptiones, et amercia- 
roenta ipsorum bomicum tenendum et residentium de et id 
terris et feodis prsedictis, exitus forisfactos, et quicquid ad 
nos vel hieredee nostros pertinere potent de anno die vasto 
estreppamento, forisfacturis et murdris, de et in terrie et 
feodia prsedictiB, quse coram dictis justitiariis itinerantibus 
ad communia placita et ad placita forests, ac coram pne- 
dictis Benescallo et marescalliB coronatore vel clerico mer- 
cati, fieri seu adjudicari contigerit, per extractas eorum* 
dem justitiariorum itinerantium in itineribue suia, ac prst- 
dictorum senescalli marescallorum coronatoria et clerici in 
seBBiooibuB suis, balliris et ministris prsedicti Duds inde 
liberandaa ; ac etiam fines, redemptiones, et amerciamen- 
ta de bominibuB tenenUbus et reaidentibus prsdictiB, ae 
exitus forisfactoa, et omnia quse ad noa vel hseredes nostros 
pertinere potenint de anno die vasto eBtreppamento, foris- 
facturis et murdris, de et in terris et feodis prEedictis, quse 



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816 

realm, and beiug desirous id regard of the premiees to 
endow with ampler favors and grace our aforesaid uncle, 
who^ for beyond others in wisdom, prowess, and honor, 
is able to avail and stand us and our realm aforesaid in 
better stead, do, of our more abundant grace, for the rMu^or 
greater security of the same Duke our uncle, declare, grant, i>uuaf lu- 
and confinn for us and our heirs to the aforesaid Duke, 
that he for the whole of his life may have all fines for tres- riamtm 
pass and other misdeeds whatsoever, and also fines for li- ^_q™*'"' 
cence to agree, and all manner of other fines, ransoms, and ",^^' 
amercements, irom whatever cause and through whatever M^ttmm. 
cause proceeding, and also forfeited issues in respect of 
all the men and tenants of and in the lands and fees of 
the aforesaid Duke, and to respect of all resiants within 
the same lands and fees, albeit the same men, tenants, or 
resiants be ministers of us or our heirs. And that the FarMturo. 
same Duke, for the whole of bis life, may have all manner ««i ™t^ 
of forfeitures, year, day, waste, and estrepement, and what- 
ever to UB or our heirs can pertain of year, day, waste, and 
estrepement, forfeitures and murders, vrithin the lands and 
fees aforesaid, in what courts soever, of us and our beirB, or iB>niH<« 
in whatever court of any other it may happen that the «DfRmn, 
aforesaid men, tenants, or resiants shall make fines or be 
amerced or forfeit issues, or that the aforesud year, day, 
wast^ and estrepement, forfeiture or murder, be adjudged 
— as well in presence of us and our heirs as in absence of us 
and our heirs, and as well before us and our heirs, and in 
the chancery of us and our heirs, and before the treasurer 
and barons of the exchequer of us and our heirs, and he- 
fore the justices of the common bench of us and our heirs, 
and also before the steward and marshals, or before the 
coroner of the household, of us and our heirs, or the clerk 
of the market for the time being, and in other the courts 



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S17 

coram nobis vel beeredibuB DOBtrie, vel in caDcellaria nostni 
et htereduo) nostrorum, seu coram theBaurario et baronibus 
de scaccario noBtro et hsredum Dostrorum, vel comn ju^ 
tidariis costris et hKredum noatroruni de commuoi banco, 
sive coram justitiariis ad aeaisas capiendas et gaolas de. 
liberandas, «at justitUiiis ad tranagresuoneB et felonias 
audiendaB et terminandaa asaigDatia, aeu coram aliia justi- 
tiariis vel miniBtriB DostriB quibuBcumque et hsredum nos- 
tronm), fieri vel adjudicari contigerit, per extractas de scac- 
cario noetro et hzeredum nostrorum, balliviB et ministris 
pnefaU Ducis, per manus vicecomitum in quorum ballivis 
dicta terrsB et feoda existunt, inde liberandaa ; — sine occa- 
sione vel impedimento nostri vel haeredum nostrorum, jus- 
titiariorum, vicecomitum, escaetonim, aut aliorum mioi»- 
trorum nostrorum et lueredum nostrorum quorumciimque. 
Et quod prsedictus Dux ad totam vitam suam per se et 
ministroB buos in omnibus terria et feodis preedictis, tarn 
in prsesentia uostra et haeredum nostrorum quam iu ab- 
sentia nostra et hieredum nostrorum, faciat et hid>eat 
assaiam et assisam panis vini et cerviaiee et omnimodorum 
aliorum victualium quorumcumque ac aliorum ad offitnum 
clerid de mercato nostri et hsredum nostrorum pertinen- 
tium, cum puuitione eorumdem quotiens et quando expe- 
diens fuerit et necesse : ac eUam babeat et percipiat fines 
amerciamenta et redemptiones ac omnimoda proficua inde 
provenientia; ita quod clericus mercati nostri et hseredum 
nostrorum non ingrediatur dicta terras vel feoda pro aliqui- 
bus ad officium suum pertioentibus faciendis seu exercendis. 
Et quod prmdietUB Dux ad totam vitam suam habeat catalla 
fugitivorum et felonum tarn felonum de se quam aliorum 
quorumcumque ac utiagatorum ex quacumque causa omni- 
um hominum et tenendum de et in terris et feodis pne- 
dictis, necnou omnium residentium infra eadem terras et 



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«17 

of us and our heirs, as before our justices is eyre to bold 
common pleas and pleas of the forest^ our justicea assigned 
to take the asaices and to deliver our gaols, and before all 
other justices and ministen of us and our heirs whomso- 
erer, as well in presence of us and our heirs as in abeeoce 
of ufl and our heirs, — as fully and entirely as we or our um^u 
heirs would have them if we bad not granted them to the 
aforesaid Duke. So that the aforesaid Duke by the bauds Tk* dhu 
of his bailiffs and other ministers may he able to levy, per- '""jTll'' 
ceive, and have the fines, ransoms, and amercements of the ^ J^^ni^'' 
same men, tenants, and resiants of and in the lands and *" ""^ 
fees aforesaid, forfeited isBues, and whatever to us or our 
heirs can pertain of year, day, and waste, estrepement, for* 
feitures, and murders, of and in the lands and fees afore- 
said, which shall happen to be made or adjudged before 
the siud justices in eyre to hold common pleas and pleas 
of the forest, and before the aforesaid steward and mar- 
shals, coroner, or clerk of the market, by estreats of the 
sanie justices in eyre in their circuits, and of the aforesaid 
steward, marshals, coroner, and clerk, in their sesfflons, 
to be delivered thereof to the baili% and ministers of the 
aforesaid Duke ; and also the fines, ransoms, and amerce- 
ments of the aforesaid men, tenants, and resiants, and for- 
feited issues, and all things which to us or our heirs can 
pertain of year, day, waste, estrepement, forfeitures, and 
murders, of and in the lands and fees aforesaid, which 
shall happen to be made or adjudged before us or our 
heirs, or in the chancery of us and our heirs, or before 
the treasurer and barons of the exchequer of us and 
our heirs, or before the justices of us and our heirs of 
the common bench, or before our justices assigned to 
take the assizes and to deliver our gaols, or the justices 
assigned to hear and determine trespasses and felonies, 



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818 

feoda, quanquam iidem homineB teDentes aut rendeDtee 
ministri nostri vel hKrediim nostronim existant: ita quod 
si aliquis hominum et tenenliuin de et id tenia et fieodis 
pnedictis seu aliquis residentium in dicUa tenia et feodis, 
aut aliquia alius in eisdem tenia et feodia, pro aliquo suo 
malefacto quocumqua debeat vitam vel membrum amitteret 
seu fugiat^ et judicio atare noluerit, aut aliquam aliam 
transgreseionem facial pro qua ipse debet perdere catalla 
Bua, (in quo loco juetitia de eo fieri debeat, sire in curia 
noetra et hseredum nostrorum vel in aliis curiia,) catalla 
ilia aint prsedicti Duda: et quod liceat ei aeu ministris 
suis ponere ae in seieinam dictonim catallorum et eadem 
catalla ad opua priefati Ducia retinere ; — due occasioDe vel 
impedimeoto nostri vel iueredum nostrorum, vicecomitunit 
escaetorum, aut alionim ballivorum seu miuiatrorum dob- 
trorum et heBredum nostrorum quorumcumque. Et quod 
pnefatua Dus ad totam vitam auam habeat retoroa omaiunt 
brevium nostrorum et hnredum nostrorum, necDon aum- 
monitionum extractarum et pneceptorum de acaccario nostro, 
et de acaccario hsredum noatrorum, ac extractarum et pne- 
ceptorum juatitiariorum noBtrorum et lueredum noatrorum 
itinerantium tarn ad pladta forests quam ad communia 
placita, ac aliorum juatitiariorum quorumcumque, necnon 
attacbiameuta tam de placitia coronce quam aliorum io omni- 
bua tenia et feodis prsdictis. Et quod praedictua Dux ad 
totam vitam auam per ee et per ballivos et miniatros sues 
habeat in eiadem terns et feodia executionem eorumdeis 
brevium summonitionum extractarum et prseceptonim. It* 
quod nullus vicecomea balUvus seu alius minister noater 
vel lueredum nostrorum prasdicta terras et feoda ingredia- 
tur pro aliquo o£Sdo vel aliqua re officium suum tangeo- 
te faciendo, nisi in defectu ipsiua Du<nB vel miniatrorum 
Buorum. Et ulterius concedimua et hac carta nostra con- 



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or before other the justices or mioiBters of us and our 
heirs whomsoever, by estreats of the exchequer of us 
and our heirs, to be delivered thereof to the buliSs and 
ministers of the aforesaid Duke by the haods of the sheriSs 
in whose bailiwicks the sud lands and fees do lie ; — without vitboat i*i 
let or hinderance of us or our heirs, or of our justices, '•^f* 
sheriffs, escbeators, or other ministers of us and our heirs 
whomsocTer. And that the aforesaid Duke, for the whole Auirnd 
of his life, by himself and his minieters^ in all the lands ^^- "^ 
and fees aforesaid, as well in presence of us and our heirs ^SH^^^ 
as in absence of us and our heirs, may make and have ^!ut!t"'* 
the assay and assize of bread, wine, and ale, and of all 
manner of other victuals whatsoever, and of other things 
pertaining to the office of the clerk of the market of us 
and our heirs, together with the puDiBhment Itiereof when- 
ever and so often as it shall be necessary and expedient; 
and also that he may have and perceive the fines, amerce- 
ments, and ransoms, and all manner of profits thence pro- 
ceeding, BO that the clerk of the market of us and our heirs 
shall not enter the said lands or fees to do or exerciiie any 
matters pertaining to his office. And that the aforesaid oiitMmf 
Duke, for the whole of his life, may have the chattels of ruciiiT». 
fugitives and felons, as well felons of themselves as of 
others whomsoever, and of outlaws for any cause soever, 
of all the men and tenants of and in the lands and fees 
aforesaid, and also of all resiants within the same lands 
and fees, albeit the same men, tenants or resiants be 
ministers of us or our heirs, so that if any of the men 
and tenants of and in the lands and fees aforesaid, or any 
of the reuants in the said lands and fees, or any other 
person in the same lands and fees, for any misdeed what- 
soever, ought to lose life or limb, or shall flee and not be 
willing to stand their trial, or shall commit any other tres- 



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finiunmui pro nobis et dictia facredibus noBtris quod si 
ncecomitea vel ballivi Ubeitstum himdradraum seu wapoi- 
tachionuD, in aliquibuB executiombuB pro pnedicto Diice> 
per breria wu mandat» ooetn vel basredum nostronim, 
seu ftUquo alio modo^ fiuaendie, negligmtea fuerint vel 
, per quod condgerit ipeos amercuri ant fines facere 
i vel in ^iis curiia nostris et bteredum noetro- 
rum, hujusmodi fines et smendamenta mnt prsbti Duds^ 
et quod lerentur ad opus ipsiiu Ducis per ministros suos 
supradictoi^ durante vita sua. Et quod pnedictus Dux ad 
totam vitam Buam habeat infra onmia pmdicta terras et 
feoda omnimoda catalla vocata wayf et stray, deodanda, 
thesaurum inventum ac alias res vel catalla inventa; et 
quod ipse per se et tninistroa suos seisire et capere posnt 
ad voluntatem suam ad opus prtedicti Ducis, wayb et 
strayes, deodanda, thesaurum mventum ac alia inventa 
supradieta. Et quod prsdictus Dux ad totam vitam suam 
habeat queecumque bona et catalla vocata manuopera cap- 
ta Tel capienda cum quacumque persona infra terras et 
feoda prsdicta, ac per eandem personam coram quocum- 
que judice deadvocata. Salvia semper et reserratis praefato 
Dutn, et hsredihus auis prsedictis, omnimodis alila privi- 
legiie, immunitatibus, et quietantiia, eis, per nos aut per 
dictum avum nostrum, datis concessis seu confirmatis. Hiis 
testibus, Tenerabilibus patribus Willielmo Cantuariensi to- 
tius Angli» Primate, Thoma Eboracensi Anglise Primate, 
CanceUario nostro, Archiepiscopia, Roberto Londinenai, Ro- 
berto CiceBtrenei, Tideman Wigomensi, Epiacopis, Edmundo 
Eborum, Tfaoma Gloucestris, Ducibus, avunculis noatiia ca- 
rissimia, Edwardo Rotelandte, Ricardo Arundellise, Thoma 
Marescallo. et Notinghamite, Henrico Northumbriro, Comi- 
tibua, Rogero Walden Thesaurario nostro, Thoma de Percy 
Seneecallo bospitii nostri, Guidone Mone Custode privati 



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819 

pass for the which they ought to lose their chstteb (in 
whatsoever pUce justice shall be had of them, whether in 
the court of ue and our heirs or in other courts), such 
chattels shall belong to the aforesaid Duke : And that it h*; hIm 
shall be lawful for him or hie ministers to put themselves in oiihoutM 
seizin of the said duUtels, and the same chattels to retain .fi?^'^ 
to the behoof of the aforesaid Duke ;>-witbout let or hie- "'"■"■. 
deraoce of ua or our heirs, or of our sherifls, escheators, 
or other bailiSs or ministers of us and our heirs whomso- 
ever. And that the aforesaid Duke, for the whole of his lumm ud 
life, may have the return of all writs of us and our heirs, ^^ ^* 
and also of summons, estreats, and precepts, of our ex- ^|^,^' 
chequer and of the exchequer of our heirs, and of the 
estreats and precepts of the justices of us and our heirs 
in eyre to hold as well pleas of the forest as common 
pleas, and of other justices whomsoever, and also the at- AtutfamMii 
tachment as well of pleas of the crown as of others in ui» «">•■>■ 
all the lands and fees aforesaid. And that the afore- 
said Duke, for the whole of his life, by himself and by hie 
biuliffs and miDiaters may have in the same lands and fees 
the execution of the same writs, summons, estreats, and 
precepts, so that do sheriS bailiff, or other minister of iTsiii«iffof 
us or our heirs shall enter the aforesud lands and fees to ^^f^^^ 
perform any office, or anything touching his office, unless J^™ '" *•■ 
in default of the same Duke or his ministers. And fur- Hn« and 
thermore we do grant, and by this our charter have con- 2;'^^''«* 
firmed, for ua and our said heirs, that if the sherifls or ^til^^^ 
bailiffi of liberties, hundreda, or wapentakes be negligent ■"■"■"~- 
or remiss in making any executions for the aforesaid Duke 
by writs or mandates of us or our heirs, or in any other 
wise «hereby it shall happen that they be amerced or 
make fines in the exchequer or in other the courts of us 
and our heirs, auch fines and amercements shall belong 



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eigilli Doatri, et aliia. Data per manum nostram apud 
WeetmonaBterium vicesimo nono die Junii, anno regni 
noetri viceBimo. — plenius continetur. W^B ooleotes 
dictam bereditatem noatram, aut libertates ejuadem, oc- 
casioDe instantiB asBumptioniB regalia statue et dignitatis 
Dostrae in aliquo mutari, transferri, diminui, aeu dero- 
gari, -sed eandem broreditatem nostram cum juribus et U- 
bertatibuB suis prsadictis, eisdem modtv forma, condidone, 
et statu quibua nobis descenderant et eveneraot, ac etiam 
cum omnibuB et aingulis talibue Ubertatibus et francbesiiB, 
ac aliis privilegiie, conunoditatibus, et proBcuia quibus- 
cumque, quibus pnedictuB dominus et pater noeter, dum 
vixil^ eam, ad tertninum vitsB suie, ex concessiooe prsedicti 
Ricardi nuper Regis, habuit et tenuit, nobis et dictis lueredi- 
buB oostris in dictis cartis specificatis, plenarie et integre 
conservari, continuari, et haberi, yolumua, ac tenore prse- 
sentium ex certa ecientia oostra, de assensu preeBentis par- 
liamenti noetri, concedimas, declaramua, discernimus, et 
ordinamus) pro nobis et beeredibus nostris, quod tam 
ducatus noster Lancastrise, quam universa et singula aiia 
comitatus, bonores, caBtra, maneria, feoda, advocationea, 
posBessiones, annuitateB et dominia queecumquc^ nobis, 
ante adeptionem dignitatis nostrte regise, qualitercumque 
et ubicumque, jure biereditario, in dominico servitio vel in 
reversione, seu alias qualitercumque discensa, nobis et dictis 
heeredibuB noBtriB in cartis prtedictis specificatis, in fbnna 
prsedicta remaneant imperpetuum, et quod taliter et tali 
modo, et per tales ofSciarios et tninistros in omnibus dedu- 
cantur, gubementur, et pertractentur, sicut remanere, de- 
duci, gubernari, et pertractari deberent si ad culmen dig- 
nitatis regiie assumpti minime fuissemus, ac insuper quod 
talia et hujusmodi libertates, jura regalia, coneuetudines et 
franchesisB, in ducatu, comttatibuEs bonoribus, castris. 



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830 

to the aforesaid Duke, and that tbey may be levied to the 
behoof of the same Duke by his ministers aboTesaid dur> 
ing his life. And that the aforesaid Duke, for the whole of vvamt 
his lif<^ may have within all the aforeuaid lands and fees 
all manner of chattels called wayf and stray, deodanda, nmdudi. 
treasure trove, and other things or chattels found ; and Tr~>un 
that he by himself and his ministers' may be able to seite 
and take at their pleasure, to the behoof of the aforesaid 
Duke, the wayfs and strays, deodands, treasure trove, and 
other things found as abovesaid. And that the aforesaid Utimm. 
Duke, for the whole of his life, may have all manner 
of goods and chattels called Munour, taken or to be 
taken upon any person soever within the lands and fees 
aforesaid, and by the same person disclaimed before any 
judge soever; saving always and reserved to the aforesaid f*^*!*^ 
Duke and his heirs aforesaid all manner of other privileges, g^^ '" 
immunities, and acquittances, given, granted, or confirmed 
to them by us or by our sud grandfather. These being 
witnesses, the venerable htbers, William Archbishop of 
Canterbury, Primate of all England ; I'homas Archbishop 
of York, Primate of England, our Chancellor; Robert 
Bishop of London ; Robert Bishop of Chichester; Tideman 
Bbhop of Worcester; Edmund Duke of York, and Tho- 
mas Duke of Gloucester, our most dear uncles; Edward 
Earl of Rutland ; Richard B^l of Arundel; Thomas Earl 
Marshal and of Nottingham; Henry Earl of Northum- 
berland; Roger Walden, our Treasurer; Thomas de Percy, 
Steward of our household ; Guy Mone, Keeper of our privy 
seal ; and others. Given under our band at Westminster, on 
the twenty-ninth day of June, in the twentieth year of our 
reign, ■otib, — not willing that our said heritage, or the li- TiM«n><ii. 
berties thereof, be in aught changed, transferred, lessened, or ^^,^ 
derogated from, on account of our present assumption of the ■"* •"«• 
2 ji 



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S21 

maneriis, feodis, sc cftteriB poBsessiooibus et dominiii 
pnedictis, ia omDibus et per omDiB, imperpetuum babein- 
tur, flxerceaatur, continuentur, fiant et utantur, et per 
tales officiuios et miDistroe gubementur et ezequantur, 
que et qualia et per quales officurioa et ministn», tun 
tempore dicti domini et patris nostri, quam temporibtu 
alionun progenitorum et aDtecessorum Dostroruin, in eisdem 
ducatu, comitatibiu, hoDoribus, castris, maneriis, feodii, 
ac aliis poeseuioiiibufl et dominiis pnedictis, uti et htberii 
ac regi et gubernari coneueverunt, Tirtute cartamm prsB- 
dictarum : Volentee ulteriue et concedentes, ac pro nobis et 
faceredibus nostris prsedictie, ex certa ecientia Dostra et de 
aaseiiau prtedictis, pleoarie declarantes, quod uaivem et 
•inguli teoentes nostri de ducatu, comitadbua^ honoiibu^ 
maneriis, feodis, ac aliis posseasioDibuB et dominiis p"^ 
dicUs, et beeredes sui, adeo liberi sint et in omnibus talis ac 
adeo Uberee et iUes» condiUonie, tam in ingressibus suis m 
hsereditatee 8uaa post mortem anteceasomm suorum, qfi» 
in tenuris suis, ac aliaa qualitercumque, eicut esse posseot 
et deberent, de consuetudine vel de jure, ei dicta dignity 
nostra re^a nobis nusquam accidisset, dicta aseumptinre 
nostra dignitatis regiee, aut eo quod ducatus, comitatus, 
honoret^ castra, maneria, feoda, advocationes, possea- 
siones, dominia et libertates praedicta in manu nostra 
jam existunt, seu aliqua interruption^ cessatione, rel dis- 
continuatione libertatum preedictarum, seu aiiquibus aliis 
occaeionibuB, causis, coloribus, vel impedimends quibus- 
cumque, qu^e incontrarium prassentiM voluutatis, conces- 
sionis, et declarationis nostrie vigoram seu effectum ali' 
quem habere nolumus, in aliquo dod obstantibus. Fronso 
semper quod tenentes nostri infra comitatum nostruiK 
palatJnum Lancastrite bcereditates suas in manum nostnini 
et dictorum tueredum noetrorum in dictis cartis specifics' 



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831 

royal estate and dimity, but that our Bams heritage, with ?'*^°' 
ita rights and liberties aforesaid, in the same manner, ^^^^^' 
Btate, form, and condition, in which it descended and fhnfl!?K'? 
came to us, and also with all aod singular such liberties ™h??^ 
and franchises, and other privileges, advaDtagea, and profits ""< <i»' 
whatsoever, with which our aforesaid lord and father, whilst J^J^^'^ 
he lived, had and held the same, for the term of his life, by ^^tiST 
grant from the aforesaid late King Richard, shall be to us ^t^^ 
aod our said heirs in the said charters specified, fully and 
entirely kept, contiaued, and had ; — will, and by the tenor bmim dp« 
of these presents, of our certain knowledge, and with the ^|'{j|^ 
assent of our present parliament, do grant, declare, decree, tETpS^af 
and ordain, for us and our heirs, that as well our duchy of i^^^JoTu 
Lancaster, as all and singular the other counties, honors, immIod ta 
castles, manors, fees, advowsons, possessions, annuities, 
and lordships whatever, to us howsoever and wheresoever 
descended before our adoption of the royal dignity, by 
hereditary right, in demesne, in service, or in reversion, or 
otherwise howsoever, shall for ever remain to us and our 
said heirs in the charters aforesaid specified in form afore- 
said ; and that they so and in such wise, and by such 
officers and ministers, in all things be managed, governed, 
and treated, as they would have remained, been managed, 
governed, and treated, if we had never assumed the ensign 
of royal dignity. And, moreover, that such and the like iiiium* 
liberties, Jura rtgalia, customs, and franchises, in the said ivs rtttum 
duchy, counties, honors, castles, manors, fees, and other ^"^^^ 
possessions and lordships aforesaid, in all, and throughout ^SKw^tf* 
all, be bad, exercised, continued, done, and used for ever, ^i^H^; 
and they by such officers and ministers be governed and ex^ (OTenwt tr 
cuted, as and which were wont to be had and used in the PfJ?" ** 
same duchy, counties, honors, castles, manors, fees, and 
other possessions and lordships, and by whom they wera 



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8« 

tonim, post mortem aoteceBsorum auorum, fleu alio modo 
•eisiendas et capieodas, extra eandem manum nostranit et 
dictorum hseredum nostrorum in cartie prndictia specific»- 
torum, per liberationem in cancellaria regalitatis ibidem 
babendaiDt prosequantur, ut est moris et fuerit faciendum 
ratione regalitatis supradictse ; et quod praerogativa nostra 
quoad maritagia et proficua maritagiorum hieredum alionun 
tenentium nostrorum, extra dictum comitatum palatinum, 
seiuenda et habenda, locum habeat et vigorem. VolumuB 
inauper et concedimus, pro nobis et broredibus oostris, ex 
certa scientia nostra et asaensu preedictts, quod universa 
et singula beneficia ecclesiastics ad hiereditatem noatram 
prsedictam spectantia, per nos et dictos beeredes nostros in 
dictb cartis epedficatos, continue futuris tamporibus con- 
ferantur: Ita quod cancellarius vel tbesaurariue Anglise 
pro tempore existentes, seu quivis alius officiarius regius, 
de collatione vel prsesentatione, seu etiam de viaitatione 
beneficiorum hujusmodi, ratione officionim auorum, se 
nullatenus intromittant in futuro. Volumus etiam et con- 
cedimus, pro nobia et hferedibus nostris, ex certa acientia 
Doatra et de aesensu predictia, quod omnes et singuli re- 
ceptores, feodarii, firroarii, ballivi, prsepositi, officiarii, ac 
quicumque alii aerrientes et ministri nostri, et dictorum 
lueredum nostrorum in dictis cartia specificatorum, pne- 
dictorum ducatus, comitatuum, bonorum, caatrorum, 
manerionim, feodorum, poesessionum, dominiorum et 11- 
bertatum, de omnibus et «ngulia denariis, firmia, reddi- 
tibus, exitibuB, reventionibus, et proficuis qutbuscumque 
de eisdem ducatu, comitatibus, bonoribue, caatns, ma- 
neriia, feodis, poaaessioDibua, dominiia et libertatibus, 
quaUtercumque provenientibue, coram certia apedalibus 
auditoribus, officiariis et ministne, per nos et dictos 
Jueredes nostros in cartis prEpdictis apecificatos de tem- 



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822 

wont to be ruled and governed, m well id the time of our 
said lord and fotber, as in the times of other our pro- 
genitors and ancestors, by virtue of the charters aforesaid: 
Willing, funhermore, and granting, and for us and unr heirs Thiunuu 
aforesaid, of our certain knowledire and with the assent ui/hoio 
aforesaid, fully declaring, that all and singular our tenants ^"f*"^ 
of the duchy, counties, honors, manors, fees, and other pos- ^„ Jj^ 
sessions and lordships aforesaid, and their heirs, may be as '™*'' 
free, and in all respects of such and of as unimpaired and 
free condition, as «ell in their entries upon their in« 
heritances after the death of their ancestors as in their 
tenures, and otherwise howsoever, as they could and ought 
to be by custom or of right if our said royal dignity had 
never fallen to us, our said assumption of the royal dignity 
notwithstanding, or notwithstanding that the duchy, coun- 
ties, honors, CHStles, manors, fees, advowsons, possessions, 
lordships, and liberties aforesaid are now in our hands, or 
any interruption, cessation, or discontinuance of the liberties 
aforesaid, or any other lets, causes, colors, or impedimenta 
whatsoever {which we will not to have any force or effect to 
the contrary of this our present will, grant, and declara- 
tion,} in anywise notwithstanding. Provided always, that pnniufoi 
our tenants within our county palatine of Lancaster may artbaCDunij 
sue their inheritances (to be taken and seized into the ij«>="<"- 
hands of us and our said heirs in the said charters specified 
after the death of their ancestors or in other manner) out 
of the same hands of us and our said heirs in the aforesaid 
charters specified, by livery to be had in the chancery of 
the regality there, as is the custom, and would have been 
done by reason of the abovesaid regality; and that our siTii«iha 
prerogative in respect of seizing and having the marriages *• ul^ir" 
and the profits of the marriages of the heirs of other our UHCoDntjr 
tenants out of the said county palatine have effect and 



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88S 

pore in tempuB «d hoc Umitandis et sssignandia, duatazmt, 
et Don coram thesaurario et barooibuB de scaccario re- 
gie^ computeut et respondeaot continue infuturum. Ita 
quod tbesaurorius «t barones de BCaccario prsodicto, de 
aliquibua bujuBmodi denariie, firmts, redditibua, ezitibua» 
reventionibus aut proficuis, seu de aliquibuB compotiB, vel 
ratiociniia iode audiendis, habendiB, reddeodis, vel tenni- 
BandiB infutuTum, se noa intromittant ullo modo. Id 
cujuB rei teetimoniiun haB literas nostras fieri fecimua 
patentcB. Teste me ipso apud Westmonasterium, quarto 
decimo die Octobrie, anno regni nostri prima 

]Mf(§)^i pro CO quod de avisamento et assensu Domi- 
norum Spiritualium et Temporalium, ac Communitatis 
regni nostri Anglite, in instanti parliamento Dostro exis- 
tentium, ac auctoritate ejusdem, ordioatum et etabilitum 
exiatit quod Henricua nuper nuneupatus Rex Henricua 
Sextus omnia caetra, maneria, dominia, viUaa, villataa, ho- 
norea, terras, tenements, redditus, servitia, feodi-firmas» 
feoda militum, advocationes, bmreditamenta, et posses - 
sioneB, cum suis pertinentiia, quee ipse aeu aliquis alius 
ad usum suum tertio die Marcii ultimo prteterito habuit, 
de ducatu Lancastriaa exiatentia, vel quae aliqua par- 
cella sive membrum ejusdem ducatus aut eidem, primo 
anno Plenrici nuper nuncupati Regis Henrici Quinti, 
aut aliquo tempore citra, unita vel annexa fuerunt, nobis 
et conmae nostrtt Aoglise foris&dat, — de eiadem arisa- 
mento assensu et auctoritate ordinavimus et stabilivimus 
quod eadem maneris, castra, dominia, bonores, villse, vil- 
latffi, teme, tenementa, redditus, servitia, feodi-firmee, 
feoda militum, advocationes, heereditamenta et posses- 
aiones, cum suis pertinentiis, in Anglia, Wallia, et Caleaio 
et marchib earundem, fiant, et a quarto die Mardi ul- 
timo preterito sint, dictus ducatus Lancastriee corporatus. 



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vigor. We will moreorer and grant, for us and our heira, outoiUutiu 
of our certain knswledge and with the assent aforesaid, eiki^^iim 
that all and singular ecclesiastical benefices belonging to ^,^„1^,7 
our heritage aforesaid shall in time to come be conferred S^^*^ 
uninterruptedly by us and our said heirs in the said charters 
specified ; so that in future the chancellor or treasurer of 
England for the time being, or any other royal officer, do in 
nowise intermeddle in the collation or prescDtatton, or even 
in the visitation, of the like benefices by reason of their 
offices. We will also and grant, for us and our heirs, of ^^^^^<^ 
our certain knowledge and with the assent aforesaid, that ^'^[^ 
all and singular receivers, feodaries, fanners, bailifis, reeves, ^^b."' 
officers, and other the servants and ministers whosoever of ^an^ 
us and our satd heirs in the sud charters specified of the 
aforesud duchy, counties, honors, castles^ manors, fees, 
poesessioDB, lordships, and liberties, for all and singular 
sums of money, &rmB, rents, issues, revenues, and profits 
whatever in any manner proceeding from the same duchy, 
counties, honors, castles, manors, fees, possessions, lordships, 
and liberties, shall without interruption account and answer 
in future before certain special auditors, officers, and minis- 
ters from time to time to be hereunto limited and assigned 
only by us and our said heirs in the charters aforesud sp^ 
cified, and not before the treasurer and barons of the royal 
exchequer. So that the treasurer and barons of the ex- 
chequer aforesaid shall not in any wise intermeddle in 
future in any the like monies, farms, rents, issues, re- 
venues, or profits, or in the auditing having, rendering, 
or determining any the accounts or reckonings thereof. In 
witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be 
made patent Witness ourself at Westminster, on the 
fourteenth day of Octc4>er, in the first year of our reign. 
'WlSi — for as much as by and with the advice and as- rhiuioT 



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8S4 

et DucATirs Lamcastrix DomtoeDtur; et quod omnia 
esdem manerta, cast», et csetera pnemissa, cum euis 
pertinent! is, per idem nom«n Ducatus, ab omnibus aliis 
nostris hsreditameatis separata, a dicto quarto die Marcti, 
nobis et hseredibus oostriB Regibus Angliie seisiamus» 
habeamiis, percipiamus, teueamus, et heereditetnus, eisdem- 
qtie gaudeamus in perpetuum. Et quod comitatus Lau- 
castriie sit Comitatus Palatinus, ac quod nos et heeredes 
DOstri habeamus, ut parcellam dicti ducatus, euudem co- 
mitatum Lancastriee comitatum palatinutn, ac Sigillum, 
CanceUarium, Justitiarios et Officiarios ibidem pro eodem, 
ac omnimoda Ubertates, consuetudiiies, jura regalia, et 
francfaesias in eodem comilatu palatino juste et legitime 
usitata : Ulteriusque aliud sigillum vocatum Sigillum Du- 
catus Lancastriae, ac CanceUarium pro custodia ejusdem, 
Officiarios et Cotidliarios pro regimine et gubematione 
ejusdem ducatus, ac particularium officiariorum, minis- 
trorum, tenenUum et inhabitanUum ejuedem, in adeo 
magna ampla et larga forma, prout Henricus se nomi- 
oatUB Henricum Quintum aliquo tempore- in eodem bar 
bebat, excercebat, et legitime gaudebat, et quod eadem 
auctoritate dicti officiarii et ministri, ac etiam tenentea 
et inbabitantes de et in eodem ducatu, babeant et ex- 
cerceant talia et omnia hujusmodi libertates, francbesias, 
privilegia, et conguetudines, eisdemque gaudeant et utan- 
tur, qiue qualia vel quibus officiarii, ministri, tenentes et 
inbabitantes ejusdem ducatus, tempore Henrici se nomi- 
nintis Regem Henricum Quintom babebant, excercebant, 
ntebantur, rel legitime gaudebant; ac etiam quod in 
eodem ducatu omnia talia libertates, francbeeiro, consue- 
tudines, privilegia, et jurisdictiones excerceantur, babe- 
antur, et occupentur, qualia in eodem ante dictum quar- 
tum diem Mardi legitime usitata fuerunt, et quod offi- 



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KDt of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and of the Com- ahakiuiiu 
mona of our realm of England in our preaent parliament as- ^ '1''b7ii'u* 
sembled, and by the authority of the same, it is ordained SuT'dI^, 
and established that Henry, late called King Henry the tiii^Slmi 
Sixth, should forfeit to us and our Crown of England all 
the castles, manors, lordships, towns, townships, honon, 
lands, tenements, rents, services, fee-farms, knights^ fees, 
advowsons, hereditaments, and possessioas with their ap> 
purtenaoces, which he or any other to his use had on the 
third day of March last past, being of the duchy of Lanca^ 
ter, or which were any parcel or member of the same duchy, 
or thereunto united or annexed in the first year of the reign 
of Henry, late called King Henry the Fifth, or at any time 
since, — bare, by and with the same advice, assent, and au- n» uu pu. 
thority ordained and estsblisbed that the same manors, cas- «ih K^b " 
ties, lordships, honors, towns, townships, lands, tenements, xi'iib* m- 
rents, services, fee-farms, knights' fees, advowsons, heredita- "/^S^L, 
ments, and posseseiong, with their appurtenances, in Eng- ^|^***- 
land, Wales, and Calais, and the marches thereof, shall 
make, and from the fourUi day of March last past be the 
said Duchy of Lancaster corporate, and shall be called 
THE Duchy of Lancaster ; and that from the said fourth ikaEii«ta 
day of March we do seize, have, perceive, hold, and in- umeiohtai 
herit all the same manors, castles, and other the premises, ^^^ 
with their appurtenances, by the same name of the 
Duchy, and the same enjoy for ever to us and our 
heirs Kings of England, separate from all our other he- 
reditaments. And that the county of Lancaster shall be ThaconniT 
a County Palatine ; and that we and our heirs shall have, j^j^"'» "^^ 
as parcel of the said Duchy, the same county of Lan- ^"^7- 
caster as a county palatine, and a Seal, Chancellor, Jus- 'aJSI, ^* 
tices, and Officers there for the same, and all manner of 
liberties, customs, jura regalia, and franchises justly and 



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aaiu, mioiatri, teoeates et inhabitantes de vel in eodem 
ducatu, juxta eadem libertatea, inncheaias, custumaa, pri- 
Tilegia et jurisdiction es tractentur et deducantur, incon- 
trariumque non distringaotur, -arctentur, vel compellantur 
quoTiamodo. Id cujus rei teatiTDonium baa literaa nostras 
fieri fecimua patentee. Teste me ipso apud Westmonaa- 
terium quarto die Novembris, anno regni nostri primo. 



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lawfully used in the same county palatine ; and further- u»tb« shi 
more another seal called the Seal of the Duchy of Lan- q^„°'^ 
caster, and a Chancellor for the keeping thereof, and ^^Jf?"*'' 
Officers and Councillors for the rule and governance of £i"™""' 
the same duchy, and of the particular officers, roiniBtera, 
tenants, and inhabitants thereof, in as great, ample, and 
large a form as Henry, calling himself Heary the Fifth, 
at any time lavfully had, exercised, and enjoyed in the 
same; and that by the same authority the said officers £f|t^S^ 
and minbtere, and also the tenaota and inhabitants of 'Jj^^tb^i 
and in the same Ducby shall have and eierdse all such ^„^|j^'. 
and the like liberties, franchises, privileges, and customs, umsDrEiiig 
and the same enjoy and use, as and which the officers, mi- tua. 
nisters, tenants, and inhabitants of the same duchy law- 
fully bad, exercised, used, or enjoyed in the time of Henry 
calling himself King Henry the Fifth; and also that in the 
same duchy all such liberties, franchises, customs, privi. 
leges, and jurisdictions be exercised, had, and occupied, 
as before the said fourth day of March were lawfully 
used in the same; and that the officers, ministers, tenants, 
and inhabitants of or in the same duchy shall be treated 
and managed according to the same liberties, francbisea, 
customs, privileges, and jurisdictjons, and not be distressed, 
straitened, or compelled to the contraiy thereof in anywise. 
In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to he 
made patent. Witness ourself at Westminster on the 
fourth day of November, in the first year of our reign. 



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XXXVllI. 

BotuIuB PHrlismeiiti de anno qunrtodecimo Regis Edward! Quarti. 
Heassuhftio Parliamenti. 

SItSfV fflEMORANDUM quod viccBimo tertio die 

iter.LoDd. a Januarii dicto anno quartodecimo, ad 

2j quem diem priesens ParliameDtuni ut pree- 

£ dicitur fuit prorogatum, prtefatus dominus 

Rex, ac Domini et Communes, in priesenti Parliamento 

apud Westmonasterium, locie consuetis, juxta mandatum 

regium sibi iojunctum, negotia ejusdem Parliamenti trac- 

taturi peTBonaliter con?enerunt, et sic de die in diem usque 

ad et in quartumdecimum diem Martii tunc proximo ee- 

quentis. 

Actus Feoffamehti. 

"- "■ The Kyno, thorough the grete help of God, in whooa 

H Edw 4. defense and tuiUon he putteth his hoole trust and affiaunce, 

otuin entendeth in his roiall pereoDe to passe over the see, ayenet 

ottt.i B^ hie auncien ennemye of Fraunce, for die leeovere of his 

f^-jjput oold enfaeritaunce of the corone and reame of Fraunce, 

«mwof't™ *^^ duchies of Normandie, Gascoigne, and Guyan, and 

Edw^^hS' fw 'he defense of this his realme of Englond, and to 

int^iim reduce the same reame to his olde fame and renomes 

R«i ihE »■ and prosperite : remembryng, as a Cristen Prynee, to 

ihTiilSi M P"'^*'^ "id ordeigne for cooteotation of his dueties and 

^■°"- other dyvers thynges and memoriall to be doon to the 

pleasure of God, and for the wele of bis soule, and for 

the perfite execution, establisshement, and perfounnyng of 

the same, bis Higbnes, the xxui day of the moneth of Fe- 



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887 

Terer, in the zini* yera of his reigne, b; th'advise and 
•seent of the Lordes Spirituelx and Temporelz, and 
Comone, in this present Parlement assembled, and by 
auctorite of the same, willetli, ordeyneth, and enacteth, 
that Thomas cardynall archiebisahop of Canterbury, Wil- 
liam bisshop of Ely, Richard bisahop of Sariim, Robert 
bisahop of Bath and Wellea, Thomas bisshop of Lincoln, 
Henry eri of Essex, Antonie erle Ryrers, William lord 
Haatynges, John lord Dynham, maister John Russell, 
clerk, Keper of the Kynge'a pryve seale, maister Wil- 
liam Dudley, Dean of the Kyng's chapel, Thomas Burgh, 
knyght, William Parre, knyght, Thomas Mongomery, 
knyght, maister John Gunthorp, clerk, Richard Fowler, 
and William Huse, fro the some xxiii day, have, hold, 
enyoie, and possede the honour, castell, lordship, and ma- 
nour of Tuttebury, with the membres and appurtenauncee, 
and all maners, lordships, londes, tenementes, rentes, and 
services, parcell of the Duchie of Lancastre, in the coun- 
teee of Stafibrd and Derby, wi^ their appurteuauoces : 
the castell, lordship, and manour of Kenelworth, parcel! 
of the Duchie of Lancastre, in the counts of Warrewik, 
with th'appurtenaunces ; the honour, castell, and manour 
of Leycestre, with the membres and appurtenauncee, and 
all other manours, londes and tenementes, rentes and ser- 
vices, parcel! of the Duchie of Lancastre, in the countees 
of Leycestre, Warrewyk, and Northampton, with th'ap- 
purtenaunces : the honour, castell, lordship, and manour 
of Bolynbroke, with the membres and appurtenauncee 
and all other manours, lordships, landes, tenementes, 
rentes, and Bervices, parcell of the Duchie of Lancastre, 
in the counte of Lincoln, with th'appurtenauocea; the 
lordship and manour of Longbenyngton, parcell of the 
Duchie of Lancastre, in the counte of Lincoln, with th' 



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apputtenaunces : the bonoura, castles, lordships, and ma- 
Donra of Pountfret, Tikbull, Knaresbui^h, and I^keiyng, 
with their membres and appurtcnaunces, and all manours, 
lordships, lo'ndee, tenementes, rentes, and services, parcell 
of the Ducbte of Lancaetre, in the counteee of York and 
NotyDgham, with their appurtenaunces : the castell, lord- 
ship, and manouT of Dunstanburgh, with the meinherB and 
appurtenaunces, and all manoure, lordships, londes, tene- 
mentea, rentes, and services, parcell of the Dudiie of Lan- 
castre, in the counte of North umberlond, with their appur- 
tenaunces, to theym and their beiree for evere : to th'en- 
tent that the revenues, prouffitez, and commoditees, comyng 
and growyng thereof^ may and be emploied to the perfourm- 
yng and executyng of the last Wille that bis said Highnes 
ehall make and ordeyne to he doon with the same honours» 
castels, manours, londes and tenementes, and other premissei^ 
or with the prouffites, revenuez, and commoditees comyng 
and growyng of the same. And that it be ordeyned by 
the same auctorite, that after the same Wille perfourmed 
and executed, or elles if his seid Highnes declare and 
iDi^ihB make no Wille concemyng the premysses, that then the 
^^^,^^ said Thomas cardynall arcbiebiBshop, bisshopes, eries, Wil- 
AaKi^ud liam lord Haetynges, John lord Dynham, maister John 
' Russell, clerk, Keper of the Kyng^s prive seale, maister 
William Dudley, Dean of the Kyng*» chapell, Thomas 
Burgh, knyght, William Farre, knyght, Thomas Moo- 
gomery, knyght, maister John Gunthorp, clerk, Richard 
Fowler, and William Huse be and stond seased and 
feoffees of and in the said honours, castelx, lordshippea, 
manours, londes, tenementes, and other the premyesea, 
u^tf^th^i ^° ^^^ "^ <^f hi^ Highnes and bis betres. ' And that it 
Bu^ " tha be ordeyned and stablisshed by the seid advis, assent, and 
ainitartto^ auctoiite, that all the same honours, casteU, lordsbippes. 



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Klim ibitl 



manera, londeB. tonementeS) and oUi«r the premiBHes, witfa *'■■ «d 
their appurtenaunces, stood and be, cootjmue and remajn^ (mb^'" 
in the possession of the said Thomas cardynall, bissbopes» 
eries, William lord Hastyngea, John lord Dynbam, muster 
John Russell, clerk, Keper of the Kynge^ piire seale, 
maister William Dudley, Dean of the Kyngfs cbapell, 
Thomas Bui^h, knygbt, William Parre, knygfat, Thomas 
Mongomery, knygbt, maister John Gunthorp, clerk, 
Richard Fowler, and William Huse, parcell of the Duchie 
of Lancastre, and be called, reputed, and taken parcell 
tberof, havyng and usyng all liberties, fredoms, fraun- 
chises, profittea, commoditees, and availee as bare been 
bad and used in the ume; and that all Officers and 
Govemours of the said Ducbie stonde, remayne, and 
abide Officers and Govemours therof, havyng such astate 
and interesse tberyn as they nowe have, uayng, exer- 
cisyng, and occupiyng their said offices, with all fees, 
wages, prouffitee, and advayles perteyoyng and belong- 
yng to the same and every of theym, as they did and 
bad, and myght have had and doon, afore the makyng 
bereot And that all leeses and dymyses, grauntes of Auimn, 
offices, fees, annuytees, presentations, and advousons be ^^-f'; 
made from hensfortb, duryng the lyf of oure said Sove- £'J!Si ii'^th. 
reigne Lord, in his oune name, by waraunt from his DunF.'bj" 
Highnes, and under the Seale of bis said Duchie nowe unUHlbi" 
beyng the Seale tberof, as it hath been used and accus- 
tumed in tyme passed. And that it be ordeyned by the F>oBk« lo 
said auctorite, that the said Thomas cardynall, bisahoppes, pnmiui m 
erles, William lord Hastynges, John lord Dynham, mai»- noi*i<>>- 
ter John Russell, clerk, Keper of the Kyog's prive seale, ""^ ^ 
maister William Dudley, Dean of the Kyng's cbapell, 
Thomas Burgh, knygbt, William Farre, knygbt, Thomas 
Mongomery, knygbt, maister John Gunthorp, clerk, Kich- 



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880 

ard Fowler, and Williun Huse, and the leagest lyffng 
of theym, have, possede, hold, and enyoie all the pre- 
misses, to theym and tbnr beires, to th*entent and 
behove aboTeseid ; any leese, graunte, or other tbyng 
had, made, or doon, of or in the premiBses or any part 
tberof, by oure said Sovereigne Lord in his lyfe, or of 
Aiigfliofnit the sud Officers in his name, notwithstondyng. And 
Ki'w'idwk that all Officers and Govemours of and in the same, 
the tyme of the dtyng of oure seid Sovereigne Lord, 
stond, remayne, and abide Officers and Govemours, ac- 
indiniMo, cordyng to their title and interesse in tbeym. And that 
n™™fcjii> fro thensforth all leses, dimyses, grauntes of offices, fees, 
^mtr'^ annuytees, presentations, and advousons be made in the 
*l!d«''th(°^ names of the same Thomas cardynall, bissbops, erles, 
DncbrSwii William lord Hastynges, John lord Dynham, maister 
John Russell, clerk, Keper of the Kyng's pryve seale, 
maister William Dudley, Dean of the Kyng's chapell, 
Thomas Burgh, knyght, William Parre, knyght, Thomas 
Mongomery, knyght, maister John Gun thorp, clerk, 
Richard Fowler, and William Huse, or the lengeat ly^tig 
of tbeym, by waraunt, and under the Seale of the said 
■una u ba Duchie j and that every such lese, dymyse, graunt, and 
kwuikcmtb presentation made under the said Seale be as goode, 
j^»"*- efitctuell, and avaylable in the lawe as though it were 
made by the said Thomas cardynall, bisabops, erles, Wil- 
liam lord Hastynges, John lord Dynham, maister John 
Russell, clerk, Keper of the Kyng's pryve seale, maister 
William Dudley, Dean of the Kyng's chapeli, Thomas 
Burgh, knyght, William Parre, knyght, Thomas Mon- 
gomery, knyght, maister John Guntfaorp, clerk, Richard 
suTinitotb* Fowler, and William Huse under their seals. Savyng to 
Elizabeth Quene of Englond such right, title, and in- 
terest in and of the premisses as she hath in the same 



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881 

or any part tberoC Savyag also to all other the Kjmg's gibct 
liege people Buch title, right, action, and interesse in 
and of the premysees as they ahuld have had if this 
Acte bad not be made. And, overe this, it is oideyned fcdtli 
by the said auctorite, that if eny of the seid feoffea dye^ oirn^ 
or make estate in or of any of the prenussee, that theo 
all services and rentes due to the Kyng, or to eny of 
the seid feoffes, by reason or cause of any of the pre- 
myases, afore the makyng of this Acte, be of like effecte 
and condition as this Acte liad aever be made. 



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XXXIX. 

Rolulufi Pulimmenli de iDiio qnulodecimo R^is Edwirdi Qnuti. 

~~A, Tice«mo tertio die Jtmiurii anno dicli 

>inim Regis quartodecimo, ad quern diem 

Beeens Parliamentuni per divereas proroga- 

mee, prout superius liquet de rccordo, extitit 

contiQuatuDi, Petido et Actus Communes diversi in pne- 

senti Parliamento similiter exhibiti, tractati, et expedid 

fiierunt, quorum tenorea, cum suis responeionibuB, hie 

inferius annotaotur. 

pRAYEN tbe CgmouB io tbis present Parlement* as- 
sembled, that where in the same Parlement, begon 
and holde at Westminster the ti"" day of Octobre, tbe 
XII* yere of your reigne, Sovereigne Lord, and by dy- 
ven prorogations unto tbe vi* day of Octobre, the xiii*' 
' yere of your said reigne, contynued, grete multitude of 
assignementes, aswell by letters patentee of you, Sove- 
reigne Lord, tallies, debentours, and other billes levied 
and reared at tbe receipt of your Eschequer or otJiei^ 

• wise, as by billes under the seale or scales beyng in 

• the same receipt ordeyned for assignations to be made 
uppon the possessions of the Duchie of Lancastre, Wales, 
Duchie of York, and Erldom of Marche, aswell for your 

• Houshold and Warderobe, and for your Werkes, as for 
many and dyrers sommes of money, in tymes of dyrers 

* 8ee the Act of HeButnption in thie Parli»Dient, (begun 6lh Oct. 
IS Edw. 4, and prorogued t« the 6th October, 13 Edw. 4,) Pwliament 
BoUb, to). y\. p. 71. 



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persooes late Tresoren of Eoglond, aithen the first day 
of your reigne dyveraly have be niadei grete part of the 
which assignations, by bille and otherwyse, inordinatly and 
withoute grounde of duetie have be had and made, as it 
IB understoud: It was then tberfore ordeyned, by th'advis 
and assent of the Lordes Spirituelx and Temporelx, and 
Commene, in the same Parlement, the said vi"' day of 
Octobre in the said xiii"' yere assembled, and by aucto- 
rite of the same, that, afore the xv°" of Ester then next 
to come, open proclamation shuld be made within every 
shire of this reame, in every market toune within the 
same shire, by the shireff or shirefs or the same shire or 
shires for the tyroe beyng, and every shiref duely shuld 
make the proclamation in that partie, and the writte 
therof duely shuld serve and retoume at the day of 
retoume of the same, upon the payne to forfett to you, 
Sovereigne Lord, at every defaute, c li. ; that every per- 
sone and persones havyng any patent, taille, or bille 
made, reared, or assigned before the first day of Decem- 
bre in the s.* yere of your reigne, for any somme or 
Bommes of money conteyned or specified in any of the 
game, shutd appiere before the Barons of your Eschequer 
at Westminster in his propre persone, or by his attorney 
or senraunt having sufficiaunt auctorite of bym, afore 
the xv*"* of E^ter the which shuld be in the yere of cure 
Iflrd God M.CCCCLXXV, the which xv"* of Ester is the 
XV* of Ester nowe next to come, there to shewe and prove 
that the sommes of money conteyned and specified in his 
or their patent, taille, or bille was by or uppon any true 
grounde or cause due by you, Sovereigne Lord, at the 
tyme of the makyng, rearyng, or assignement of the said 
patent, taille, or bille made, reared, or assigned, to the 
same persone or persones named in the same patent, 



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S$4 

taSitte, or byli, or for your Houshold, your Chambre, 
Warderobe, your Werkes, or money to you lent for the 
Vitailer of Caleys, or any of theym, or for any other 
cause; that the said Baroas, uppon due prove by their 
discretionB had and made of any somme or Bommes in 
any Buch taiUe or bills to be due by you, and at the 
tyme of the aaid prove made not payed, shuld have auc- 
torite and power by the same Ordenaunce to certefie 
into the receipt of your Eechequer of the Bomme and 
sommes so proved due, and of the name or names of the 
persone or persones to whome the said somme or sommes 
so shal be proved to be due. And theruppon, by the 
said Ordenaunce, the Tresorer and Chamberleyne of your 
receipt for the tyme beyng, dyvyding severally the same 
duetie into xx" partes by evyn portions, withoute delaye 
or deuyer, at your propre coste and charge, shuld reare 
there, make, and delyvere xx** taillee or billes accordyng, 
puable yerely, ich afler other, within xx" yere then next 
ensuyng, to have and receyve in such place or places, and 
under such fourme, as the Tresorer of Englond for the 
tyme beyng, with resonahle agrenient of the said persone 
and persones to whome such dette shuld be proved due, 
shuld be thought resonable. And as for such dueties as 
shuld be found due to any of the said persones afore the 
said Barons by reason of any such letters patentes, that 
the said Barons shuld cerljfie such dueties as they shuld 
fynde due by any such letters patentes made undre youre 
Grete Scale, to the Chaunceller of Englond for the 
tyme beyng ; and such dueties as shuld be founde due to 
any persone afore the said Barons, by any of your letters 
patentes made under your Seale of your Duchie of Lan- 
castre, to the Chaunceller of the same Duchie for the 
tyme beyng: and then that every of the said Chauncellere, 



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MS 

for such sommes so to tbeym certefied, shuld doo make^ 
at your cost and charge, to Bucb peraones as such duetiea 
shuld be founde due to, letters patentee to receive, have, 
or reteyne such Bommes of money as shuld be to theym 
certefied, to be had, receyved, or reteyned yerely within 
xx'' yeres then next eusuyng the date of the said letters 
pateutee, rately as is aforesaid, in such place or places* 
grounde or groundes, as tbe same persones afore the said 
Ordenaunce were assigned or lymyted. And that tbe said 
tallies, billes and letters patentea, severally to be reared 
and made, shuld be and stond goode and effectuell in 
lawe, and preferred in payment afore any other payment 
by patent, taille or bille, or any other assignement or cause, 
reared, made, or bad after the rearyng of the saide tulles. 
And that all the said letters patentes, tuUeB, billes, and 
every of theym, not shewed afore the said xv<" afore the 
said Barons, shuld be voide, and your Highnes, Sovereigue 
Lord, therof acquited and discharged. And also that all 
letters patentes, tailles, billes, and every of theym, shewed 
afore the said Barons, and before theym proved not to be 
made, reared, or assigned uppon true grounde or cause 
of duetie, in like wise shuld be voide, and ye, Sovereigne 
Lord, therof quite and dischai^ed for evermore. Tlie 
which forseid proclamations conteyned in the sud Orde- 
naunce have not be duely made accordyng to the same 
Ordenaunce in dyvers parties of this your roialme, so 
that dyvers your lieges, to whome such dettes been due 
in that partie, have in no wise notise of the said Orde- 
naunce to come into your said Escbequer afore your said 
Barons, there to make their prove accordyng to the said 
Ordenaunce; and the said Ordenaunce was not certefied 
into your said f^hequer by grete space and longe tyme 
after the makyng of tbe same ; and your said Barons, as 



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SS6 

U to us your sud Commeiu pleynl; undentoude, mygbt 
DC can not, for breTenes of tjme, examyne your lieges, 
for the grete multitude resortyng unto tfaeym for that 
cause, rithen the said Ordeoaunce made; aod the said 
IV" oi Ester is so ny^, that it is full requisite bikI 
necessarie that the said Ordenaunce have longer tyme 
then to the same xv™. 

Fleas it your said Highnes, the premisses considered, 
by tb'adTis and assent of the Lordea Sfnrituelx and Tem- 
porelx in this present Parlement assembled, and by the 
auctorite of the same, to ordeyne and establisab, this pre- 
sent first day of Marche, the xiiii"' yere of your blessed 
reigne, that the said late Ordeoaunce made the vi*^ day of 
Octobre, the sud xiii'^ yere of your sud reigne, toucbyng 
the premysses, and everych thyng in the same late Orde- 
naunce conteyned, be and stood io strenght and vertue 
unto the xxti day of May the which sbal be in the yere 
of oure Lord Ood m.cccclxxv, although the execution of 
the premysses in the said Ordenaunce conteyned referre 
to be bad and doon aibre the said xv of Ester nowe next 
to come. 

Le Roy le voet 



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Ruiiihii Parliftmcnti t«Dti «pud Wcttinonuteriiim vieenmo die Jum- 
irii, anno rcgni Rpg\t Edmtrdi Quarti Ticesimo Becundo. 

Pro Reoe. Tahgens Docatum Lancactri*. 

TORASMOCHE as by recouvereefl, fine», fe- J"^"^^ 
oSementB) and other statee of Undes, tene- ^ '^ 
I mentes, hereditaments, made and bad of uthjia. 
Ij ^JvC tjJ! truat by tbe tenaunts immediatly holdyng a.d. hm.' 
of tbe Kyng oure Soveraya Lord, or of other to his use, 
as of bis Dochifl of Lancaatre, by knygfats' service, or of 
oure Soverain Lady the Queue by reason of «oy manoirs 
or seigniories, parcell of the same Ducfaie, being in her 
hands, by like serrice, they not oonly have lost and daily 
lese the wardes and manages of the heires of the same 
tenaunts, to whos use suche recouverees, fines, feffemestes, 
and states bee soo made and had, but also tbe wardes of 
the same landes, tenementes, and bereditamentes^ relieves 
and other proffits, which to thaim shuld helonge by the 
detb of their siud tenaunts if Buche recouverees, fines, 
feoffementes, and other states were not had ne made. 

It is tberfore ordeyned, enacted, and establisehed, by auc- ThtKing, in 
torite of this present Parliament, that oure said Soverain nuchjor 
Lord and his heires, and oure Soverayn Lady the Quene, J^JjllJ^J 
severally have the warde of the body and manage of every ",i;?t^"'^ 
persone beeing within age to whos use th'interease of fee bf reuonot 
symple or fee taill of eny lands, tenements, or heredita< itsmlc. 
ments soo holden shall mowe growe or belonge as heires 
by the detb of any of his auncestres : And also the warde 
of all the lands, tenements, and hereditaments soo holden 



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SS8 

by reason of the Bune Duchie, or of eny putell tberot^ of 
the Kyng or of hii heires, or of eny other to thair me, or 
of the QueDe, the which shall descende, or wberof th'intar- 
esse of fee symple or fee tail ehall mowe growe or come to 
the same heirea, or to their use, being within age, by the 
deth of the same auncestres ; and that to be had and taken 
to oure said Soverayn Lord the Kyng and his heires, and 
to the Quene, seTerally, by wey of seasir, as if th'auncestres 
of the same heires had died sole seased of the same londes, 
tenements, and hereditaments, of estate of enheritaunce ; 
any such recoverees, finest feoffiunentes, or stats of trust, as 
is beforesud, had or made in any wise notwithstandyng. 
And in such cas, as if it happen eny suche heire to be of 
full age at the tyme of the deth of such bis auncestres, 
then oure said SouTenua Lord the Kyng, hia heires, and 
the Quene, severally shall have relieves after the deth of 
such auncestres as soo held of thaim, or of other personea, 
as is before reberced, to the Kyng's use and behove, by 
knights' service; any such recouverees, fines, feoffementes, or 
states of trust, as before