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Full text of "Check-list and bibliography on the occurrence of insects in birds' nests"

Check-List and BibKography 
on the 

OCCURRENCE of INSECTS 
in BIRDS' NESTS 



ELLIS A. HICKS 



jQ Marine Biological Laboratory Library 



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Woods Hole, Mass. 



Presented by 

Association of fijnerican 
University Presses 
August, 1959 



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Check-List and Bibliography 

ON 

the OCCURRENCE of INSECTS 
in BIRDS' NESTS 



Check-List and Bibliography 

ON 

the OCCURRENCE of INSECTS 
in BIRDS' NESTS 



Ellis A. Hicks 

Associate Professor 

Department of Zoology and Entomology 
Iowa State College 



This project supported by the 

Iowa State College Alumni Achievement Association 

Revolving Fund in Support of Publications 

by Faculty Members 



6^L 



f^^ 




THE IOWA STATE COLLEGE PRESS 
AMES, IOWA, U.S.A. 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 59-5178 



PRINTED IN DENMARK 

BY 

BIANCO LUNOS BOGTRYKKERI A/S 



To 

the Library Staff 

of 

the Iowa State College 

in appreciation of their cooperation 
and assistance in many ways 




ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 

I am indebted to many people and to several agencies for their assist- 
ance in the preparation and completion of this work. It began as a result 
of information obtained from analyzing several birds' nests for their in- 
sect fauna; and, to my dismay, swelled to such proportions that I had to 
seek help from many sources in order to complete it. 

The Society of the Sigma Xi awarded from its RESA research fund a 
grant-in-aid of research most of which was used to defray costs of 
approximately 275 inter-library loans. A smaller amount of this grant 
was used to meet certain expenses incidental to preparation and publi- 
cation. 

Dr. Maurice W. Provost, Florida State Board of Health, Professor 
James A. Slater, University of Connecticut, and Dr. Clarence A. Sooter, 
U. S. Public Health Service, gave valuable recommendations and wel- 
come encouragement which contributed to progress of the work. 

Professor Jean L. Laffoon, Iowa State College, through the biblio- 
graphic nature of his own research, contributed many citations which 
would not have been included otherwise. By the assistance of Professor 
H. M. Harris, Iowa State College, I was able to do some valuable biblio- 
graphic work at the library of the Chicago Natural History Museum and 
the John Crerar Library. 

The onus of copyreading was lightened by my wife, Josephine Wilson 
Hicks, who helped with this necessary and tedious task. Mrs. Marie 
Schafer did most of the typing in preparation for publication. To her 
and to those who assisted her I am most grateful. 

Many other people contributed to the preparation and completion of 
this work. Little-known and inconspicuous citations were called to my 
attention by various workers. Others contributed suggestions and re- 
commendations on taxonomic treatment and general organization. To 
all, named and unnamed, I extend my sincere appreciation for their 
help. 



A debt of gratitude is particularly due the Alumni Achievement 
Association of Iowa State College for adjudging the manuscript worthy 
of a grant from its Publication for Faculty Authors, and for under- 
writing publication of the manuscript. 

The Iowa State College Press, through which publication has been 
effected, deserves credit for many valuable suggestions offered and for 
services performed. 

Ellis A. Hicks 



CONTENTS 

page 

Introduction 1 1 

Entomological check-list 17 

Ornithological check-list 331 

Bibliography 595 

Supplement to bibliography 663 

General references 666 

Addendum 667 

Index 66g 



75507 




INTRODUCTION 

This work represents an attempt to assort and consolidate informa- 
tion for the convenience of the user. As a resuh, the approach is two- 
fold: (i) entomological, and (2) ornithological. These two check-lists 
are complemented by a third portion, a bibliography, which is as in- 
clusive as I could make it over a period of about four years. 

Specialists in entomology and in ornithology will not have diffi- 
culty in finding inconsistencies, errors and omissions. In some in- 
stances these are unavoidable because the taxonomic area covered is 
rather wide. The check-lists include eighteen orders of insects and 
twenty-six orders of birds. Since it is difficult for one person to have 
authoritative knowledge of all these groups, I have relied heavily on 
the work of specialists in the sub-areas represented. As long as there 
are taxonomists there probably will be disagreements on the "correct- 
ness" of nomenclature. Consequently, disagreements are reflected herein 
not only among American workers but also between Americans and 
workers in other countries. 

It may be reasoned that either binominal or trinominal designations 
should have been used consistently throughout this work. Both are used 
but the decision of which to use in any particular instance has been 
based upon three criteria: (i) the specificity of the original citation, 
(2) the definitiveness of the taxonomic reference, and (3) the degree of 
taxonomic isolation. In regard to the first criterion, one should be aware 
of the several distinct species or subspecies involved in a comparison of 
such citations as "starling" and "Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris L." ; or 
"finch", "fringillid", and "Carduelis cannahina (L.)". The completeness, 
accuracy and timeliness of the taxonomic reference make a difference in 
ones capability of using binominal or trinominal designations. Also, 
some species and genera are taxonomically (or geographically) more 
isolated than others. This situation, then, may have a direct effect 

[■I] 



upon suitability and choice of nomenclature. At present, the possibility 
and desirability of trinomina versus binomina for insects compared with 
birds necessitate different usages. It appears that the use of trinomina 
is more definitely established for birds than for insects. 

There is considerable variation in the use made of the sub-genus. 
Usage or non-usage of this taxon is based for the most part upon the 
treatment accorded the particular animal group in the references in- 
volved. 

Throughout the literature, use or non-use of parentheses to inclose 
the name of a describer appears to be somewhat arbitrary. To me there 
seem to be obvious advantages in using them, so I have employed them 
to indicate transference of a species or subspecies to a genus other than 
the original. 

In both the entomological and ornithological lists, the category, "un- 
determined", is used rather frequently for the reason that there seems 
to be no other equally satisfactory method of listing such citations as 
"fly larvae", "puparia", "Fink", "pinson", "andorinha", etc. 

The heading, "uncertain position", is used as a means of presenting 
citations of forms whose taxonomic position could not be determined 
with a reasonable degree of accuracy. This category is exemplified by 
Aleochara lata (cited by Rye, 1873), Adacantha melanura L. (Kiri- 
chenko, 1949), and Passer rusticus L. (Stein, 1843). 

Even though a substained attempt was made to include all pertinent 
citations regardless of the geographical areas involved, it is believed 
that many citations remain excluded for the simple reason that I do not 
know about them. Therefore, any additions will be welcomed. 

The placement of references for the entomological check-list is diffe- 
rent from that for the ornithological portion. Entomological references 
of a taxonomic nature frequently involve specific taxa. For convenience 
in usage, these references have been grouped at the ends of the respec- 
tive ordinal sections. However, ornithological references of taxonomic 
nature are frequently presented on a somewhat restricted geographical 
basis. Consequently, these references are placed at the end of the orni- 
thological check-list and are not interspersed at the ends of ordinal 
groups. General references which apply both to entomology and orni- 
thology are placed in a separate section just preceding the addendum. 

It probably will be helpful to the user to have an explanation of 
several examples taken from the check-lists for a better understanding 
of the information presented. 



'3 

Example i. Order COLLEMBOLA. 
Family Poduridae. 

Xenylla maritima TuUberg 
Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests. 

Explanation. Agrell, 1945, cited Xenylla maritima Tullberg taken from 
birds' nests. 

Example 2. Order COLEOPTERA. 
Family Anobiidae. 

Anobium punctatum DeGeer. 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Columha domestica L. ; (Anobium stria- 
tum Oliv.). 

Explanation. Heselhaus, 19 15, cited Anobium striatum Oliv. taken from 
nest of Columba domestica L. However, I have placed 
Anobium striatum Oliv. under the heading, Anobium. 
punctatum DeGeer, which, insofar as I can determine, 
is the taxonomically correct name. 

Example 3. Order PICIFORMES 
Family Picidae. 

Picus viridis Linnaeus. 
Leleup, 1947c: Quedius infuscatus Er., Q. brevicornis 
Thoms., Q. mesomelinus Mrsh., Philonthus fuscus 
Grav., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Trox scaber L.; 
{Picus viridis virescens (Brehm)). Undetermined in- 
sects; [Picus viridis virescens Brehm). Hypogastrura 
(Mesachorutes) quadriocellata Absolon, collembola, 
Euryusa optabilis Heer, Leptusa (st. str.) haemorrhoi- 
dalis Heer, Quedius (Microsaurus) mesomelinus 
Marsh., Microchondrus gibberosus Lucas; (pic vert). 

Explanation. Leleup, 1947c, cited Quedius infuscatus Er., Q. brevicornis 
Thoms., Q. mesomelinus Mrsh., Philonthus fuscus 
Grav., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Trox scaber L. 
taken from nest of Picus viridis virescens (Brehm). 
He cited undetermined insects taken from nest of 
Picus viridis virescens Brehm; and Hypogastrura (Me- 
sachorutes) quadriocellata Absolon, collembola, Eu- 
yusa optabilis Heer, Leptusa (st. str.) haemorrhoid- 



14 

alls Heer, Quediiis (Microsaurus) mesomelinus 
Marsh., Microchondrus gibberosus Lucas taken from 
nest of pic vert. Thus, three groups of insects are 
listed in this citation: (i) those from nest of Picj/s 
viridis virescens (Brehm) ; (2) those from nest of 
Picus viridis virescens Brehm; and (3) those from 
nest of pic vert. I have listed all three under the head- 
ing, Picus viridis Linnaeus, with no attempt to indicate 
subspecies. From study of Leleup's paper, I believe 
that the three groups of insects would be listed cor- 
rectly as taken from nest of Picus viridis pluvius Har- 
tert. However, I am not reasonably certain of this, so 
the binominal term is used. 

Example 4. Order PASSERIFORMES. 

Family Passeridae. 

Passer domesticus (Linnaeus). 

Seguy, 1946: Anthomyia sp., Fannia sp.. Lasiomma sp.. 
Ophyra anthrax, O. leucostoma Wiedmann, Lucilia 
illustris Meig., Protocalliphora sp., Neottiophilum 
praeustum, Fannia canicularis L., F. scalaris F.. 
Musca domestica L., Sarcophaga melanura Meig.; 
(moineau). Ophyra leucostoma (Wied.). Anthomyia 
pluvialis (L.), Ophyra anthrax (Meig.): {Passer 
domesticus L.). 

Explanation. Seguy, 1946, cited Anthomyia sp., Fannia sp., Lasiomma 
sp., Ophyra anthrax, O. leucostoma Wiedmann, Luci- 
lia illustris Meig., Protocalliphora sp., Neottiophilum 
praeustum, Fannia canicularis L., F. scalaris F., Musca 
domestica L., Sarcophaga melanura Meig. taken from 
nest of moineau. He cited Ophyra leucostoma (Wied.) 
taken from nest of Passer domesticus (L.) ; and An- 
thomyia pluvialis (L.), Ophyra anthrax (Meig.), taken 
from nest of Passer domesticus L. 

Vernacular names, more so in ornithology than in entomology, may 
cause trouble and confusion when one attempts to correlate a citation in 
the vernacular with a scientific name. In some instances a vernacular 
name can be correlated specifically with a scientific name. More fre- 



15 

quently, however, the common name can be associated accurately with 
only a generic, familial, or even ordinal name. There are some instances 
where an ordinal association could not be made accurately, so the cate- 
gory, "uncertain position", is used for such citations. Examples are 
"casaco de couro" or "ferreiro" of Lent (1935) and "siroli (in Bihar)" 
of Fletcher (1920). 

Alphabetical sequence is used in both check-lists beginning with or- 
dinal names through familial, generic, specific and including subspecific 
names. The entomological check-list is headed by an "undetermined" 
category and is ended by a section on "general entomological referen- 
ces". The ornithological portion has at its beginning several categories 
of broader scope than the ordinal designations which follow. These 
extra-ordinal groups, which follow the beginning "undetermined" cate- 
gory, are "birds of prey", "nests in burrows", "marsh birds", "sea 
birds", and "waterfowl". These are arbitrary groupings established to 
preclude placing their contents in undetermined and uncertain position 
status, since they could not be assigned accurately to order on the basis 
of information accompanying them. "Uncertain position" and "general 
ornithological references" terminate the ornithological check-list. 



ENTOMOLOGICAL CHECK-LIST 
Undetermined Insects 

Baker, 1927: Micropus apus pekinensis, M. acuticaudus, Collocalia uni- 
color unicolor. 

Beare, 1908: Birds' nests. 

B(ryant), 1939: Northern parrot. 

Chisholm, 1952: African hornbill. 

Eichler, 1934: Birds' nests. 

Elliott, 1938: Psephotus uarius. 

Hindwood, 1951 : Magpie, crow, silvery-cheeked hornbill. 
— , 1951a: Silvery-cheeked hornbill, kingfishers, bee-eaters, Psepho- 
tus varius. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L. 

Leleup, 1947c: Glaucidium passerimum (sic) passerimum (sic) L., Sur- 
nia ulula ulula L., Phasianus colchicus L., Hirundo rustica rustica 
L., Delichon urbica urbica L., Riparia riparia riparia L., Alcedo 
atthis ispida L., birds' nests, pipits, alouettes, Phylloscopus (pouil- 
lots), perdrix, faisan, cailles. Pica pica galliae Kleinschmidt, Tur- 
dus ericetorum ericetorum Turt., Parus coeruleus (sic) coeruleus 
(sic.) L., P. major major L., P. cristatus brunnescens Prazak, Dry- 
obates major major L., D. minor hortorum Brehm, Picus viridis 
virescens Brehm, Jynx torquilla torquilla L., Sitta europaea lias- 
sica Kalt., Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris L., Passer montanus montanus 
L., Coloeus monedula spermologus Vieil., Columba oenas oenas L., 
C. palumbus palumbus L., Athene noctua vidalii Brehm, Apus apus 
apus L., Columba livia livia Gmelin, rapaces divers. Passer dome- 
sticus domesticus L., Motacilla alba alba L. 

Lohrl, 1950: Birds' nests. 

Lutz, 1924: Taubenschlag, Schwalbe. 

Mazza, Basso, and Basso, 1936: Pseudoseiura (sic) lophotes: (pseudo- 
meloideos ) . 

Moreau, 1942: Bye anistes cristatus (Riipp.). 

Niethammer, 1937: Hirundo rustica rustica L. 

O'Farrell and Butler, 1948: Pigeon. 

Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; (Subclass Apterygota) . 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951b: Sparrow, starling, martin, swift, tits, 
swallow, robin, wren, flycatcher, wagtail; (various household 
pests). 

[17] 



Order COLEOPTERA 
Undetermined 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L. 

Auber, 1 946 : Raptors, woodpeckers. 

Bignell, 1891: Cotile riparia. 

Burgeon, 1937: Tisserin. 

Chisholm, 1952: Birds' nests, Dacelo gigas. 

Eichler, 1936: Birds' nests. 

Frauenfeld, von, 1861 : Hirundo sp., Hirundo rustica. 

Hatch, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Henriksen, 1928a: Starling. 

Hindwood, 1951 : Owl, parrot, bee-eater, kingfisher, kookaburra. 

— , 1951a: Rook, owl. 

Jellison, 1940a: Asio sp., Buteo sp., Corvus sp., Pica sp., Speotyto sp. 
Joy, 1907: Owl, starling. 

— , 1909a: Puffin, cormorant, gull. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Merops apiaster L., Pastor roseus L., Sturnus vulga- 
ris balcanicus But., Coracias garrulus L., Tadorna tadorna L. 

Kolbe, 191 1 : Birds' nests, pigeon. 

Lent, 1935: "Casaco de couro"' or "ferreiro'". 
— ■ 5 1939- ^Phacellodomus rujijrons, Phacellodomus rufifrons sinci- 
pitalis Cabanis. 

Lohrl, 1950: Birds' nests. 

Otten, 1941 : Delichon urbica L. 

Paulian, 1943: Birds' nests, hirondelle de rivage, pic. mesange, choucas, 
rapaces nocturnes, pigeonnier. 

— , 1950: Ploceinae. 
Roubal, 191 7: Taubenschlag. 
Seidel, 1932: Birds' nests. 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L.. Hirundo urbica L. 
Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. cor one L. 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 

Family ADERIDAE 
Aderus populneus (Panzer) 
Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop.; {Xylophila populnea Panz.). 
Pic, 1918: Nocturnal birds; {Xylophilus populneus Panz.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; [Aderus populneus Panz.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Aderus populneus Panz.). 

Family ALLECULIDAE 
Mycetochara (Ernocharis) linearis (lUiger) 
Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined nest; {Mycetochara (Ernocharis) linearis 
III). 



19 

Prionychus ater (Fabricius) 

Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop. 

Donisthorpe, 1939: Jackdaw, birds' nests; {Eryx ater ¥.). 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests, Columba oenas L., choucas, pigeon colom- 
bin; [Prionychus ater Y .) . 

— , 1947J: Columba oenas L. 

Rosenberg, 1913: Bird's nest; [Eryx ater Fabr.). 

Family ANOBIIDAE 
Anitys rubens (Hoffmann) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Taubenschlag. 
Gerhard, 1909: Taubenschlag. 

Anobium punctatum DeGeer 

Heselhaus, 1915: Columba domestica L. ; [Anobium striatum Oliv.). 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe, Stadtschwalbe; [Anobium striatum L.). 

Dorcatoma chrysomelina Sturm 
Donisthorpe, 1938: Bird's nest. 

— , 1939: Bird's nest. 

Ernobius mollis (Linnaeus) 
Kemper, 1938a: Nebelkrahe; [Ernobius mollis L.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L. : [Ernobius mollis L.). 

Priobium tricolor (Olivier) 

Leleup. 1947c: Choucas; [Priobium tricolor 0\i\.) . 

Stegobium paniceum (Linnaeus) 
Ansari, 1949: ?Milvus migrans govinda Sykes (common pariah kite); 

[Sitodrepa panicea L.). 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, London, 1952: 

Sparrow, pigeon; (Stegobium paniceum). 
Eichler, 1937a: Pigeon; (Sitodrepa panicea). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Taubenschlag; [Anobium paniceum L.). 

— , 1915: Columba domestica L. ; [Anobium paniceum L.). 
Kemper, 1938a: Haustaube; [Sitodrepa panicea L.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests, Taubenschlagen ; [Sitodrepa panicea L.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Columba sp. 

Family ANTHICIDAE 

Anthicus sp. 

Judd. 1954: Agelaius phoeniceus. 
Kirichenko, 1949: Pica pica ferinorum Lonb. 



Anthicus antherinus (Linnaeus) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L.; {Anthicus antherinus L.). 

Anthicus floralis (Linnaeus) 
Donisthorpe, 1938: Birds' nests; {Anthicus floralis L.). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Anthicus floralis L.). 

Formicomus sp. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L. 

PNotoxus serratus Leconte 
Jellison, 1940: Buteo swansoni. 

Family BRUCHIDAE 
Bruchus pisorum (Linnaeus) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Bruchus pisorum L.). 

Family BYRRHIDAE 
Byrrhus pilula Linnaeus 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) rnonedula L. 

Syncalypta spinosa (Rossi) 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Syncalypta spinosa Rossi). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Syncalypta spinosa Rossi). 

Family GARABIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp. 
Easton, 1951: Moorhen. 
PauHan, 1943: African tisserin. 

— , ig^o: Foudia sakalava minor, Spermestes nana. 

Acupalpus (Acupalpus) carus (Leconte) 
Stoner, 1936: Riparia riparia riparia (L.); {Acupalpus carus Lee). 

Acupalpus (Acupalpus) elegans Dejean 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Acupalpus elegans Dej.). 
— ■ , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Acupalpus elegans Dej.). 

Acupalpus (Acupalpus) flavicollis (Sturm) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Acupalpus luridus Dj.). 

— , 1931c: Moorhen; {Acupalpus luridus D].). 



Donisthorpe, 19363: Swan, moorhen; {Acupalpus exiguus Dej., var. lur- 
idus Dej . ) . 
— • , 1939: Swan, moorhen; {Acupalpus exiguus Dej., var. luridus 

Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L.; {Acupalpus luridus Dj.). 

Acupalpus (Acupalpus) meridianus (Linnaeus) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Acupalpus meridianus L.). 
— ■ , 1936a: Moorhen; {Acupalpus meridianus 1^.) . 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Acupalpus meridianus 1^.) . 

Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L. ; {Acupalpus meridianus 

L.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Acupalpus meridianus L.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia: (Acupalpus meridianus 

L.). 

Acupalpus (Stenolophus) mixtus (Herbst) 

Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Stenolophus vespertinus Pz.). 
- — , 1936a: Swan; {Stenolophus vespertinus Pz.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Stenolophus vespertinus Pz.). 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.); {Stenolophus mixtus var. ziegleri 
Panz.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Stenolophus mixtus var. ziegleri Panz.). 

Aechmites (Eutrichomerus) terricola (Herbst) 
Last, 1945: Wood pigeon; {Laemostenus terricola Hbst.). 
Rosenberg, 191 3: Birds' nests; {Pristonychus suhcyaneus Illig.)- 
Spittle, 1948: Riparia r. riparia L.; {Pristonychus terricola Hbst.). 

Agonum (Europhilus) gracile (Gyllenhal) 
Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L.; {Agonum gracile Gyll.). 

Agonum (Oxypselaphus) obscurum Herbst 

Easton, 1951: Moorhen; {Agonum obscurum Hbst.). 

Agonum (Rhadine) pertenue Casey 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cu?iicularia hypugaea; {Rhadine pertenuis 
Casey). 

Agonum (Europhilus) piceum (Linnaeus) 
Easton, 1951 : Moorhen; {Agotium piceum L.). 

Agonum (Rhadine) pugetanum Casey 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea; (Rhadine pugetana Ca- 
sey). 



Agonum (Europhilus) thoreyi Dejean 

Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Anchometius puellus Dej.) . 

— , 1931c: Moorhen; (Ancliomenus puellus Dej., Anchomenus thoreyi 
Dej.). 

— , 1936a: Swan; {Anchomenus puellus Dej.) . Moorhen; {Anchome- 
71US puellus Dej., Anchomenus thoreyi Dej.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Anchomenus puellus Dej.). Moorhen; {Anchome- 
nus puellus Dej., Anchomenus thoreyi Dej.). 

Amara sp, 

Jellison, 1940: Pica pica Jiudsonia (Sabine). 

Amara (Amara) aenea (DeGeer) 
Joy, 1909: Puffin; {Amara trivialis Gyll.). 

Amara (Bradytus) apricaria (Paykull) 
Boyd, 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; (Amara apricaria Sturm). 

Amara (Cyrtonotus) aulica (Panzer) 
Walker, 1938: Puffin; {Amara aulica Panz.). 

Bembidion sp. 

Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests; (bembionid) 

Bembidion (Philochthus) biguttatum (Fabricius) 
Easton, 1951: Moorhen; {Bembidion biguttatum F.). 

Bembidion (Trepanedoris) doris (Panzer) 
Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L.; {Bembidion doris Pz.). 

Bembidion (Philochthus) haemorrhoum Stephens 

Easton, 1951: Moorhen; {Bembidion unicolor C\i2iud.) . 

Bembidion (Ocys) harpaloides Serville 
Joy, 1925: Jay; {Ocys harpaloides (rujescens) ) . 

Bembidion (Notaphus) obliquum Sturm 

Nordberg, ig^6 : Alauda arvcrisis h.; {Bembidium (sic) obliquum 
Sturm). 

Bembidion (Diplocampa) transparens Gebler 

Easton, 1951: Moorhen; {Bembidion clarki Daws.). 



23 

Bradycellus (Bradycellus) distinctus (Dejean) 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubccula melophilus Hart.; {Bradycellus di- 
stinctus Dej.). 

Bradycellus (Bradycellus) sharp! Joy 

Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Bradycellus 
sliarpi Joy). 

Bradycellus (Bradycellus) verbasci (Duftschmid) 
Joy, 1909: Puffin; {Bradycellus verbasci Duh.) . 

Calathus (Calathus) melanocephalus (Linnaeus) 
Walker, 1938: Puffin; {Calathus melanocephalus var. nubigena Hal.). 

Calosoma sycophanta (Linnaeus) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Calosoma sycophanta L.). 

Garabus (Carabus) cancellatus Illiger 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Carabus cancellatus var. tibiscinus 
Csiki). 

Carabus (Hemicarabus) nitens Linnaeus 

Nordberg, 1936: Oenanthe oenanthe L.; {Carabus nitens L.). 

Carabus (Megadontus) violaceus Linnaeus 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Carabus violaceus var. betuliae 
Csiki). 

Chlaenius (Chlaenites) spoliatus (Rossi) 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Chlaenius spoliatus Rossi). 

Cymindis (Cymindis) planipennis Leconte 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea; {Cymindis planipennis 
LeConte). 

Dromius sp. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus coryiix L. 

Dromius (Dromius) angustus Brulle 

Donisthorpe, 1936a: Hawk; {Dromius angustatus Brulle). 

— , 1939: Hawk; {Dromius angustatus 'QvuWt) . 

Dromius (Dromius) meridionalis Dejean 

Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. corone L.; {Dromius meridionalis Dej.). 

— , 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; {Dromius meridiojialis 
Dej.). 



24 

Dromius (Dromius) quadrimaculatus (Linnaeus) 
Heselhaus, 191 5: Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoe- 
nicurus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Dromius 
quadrimaculatus L.). 
Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L. : [Dromius quadrimacu- 
latus h.). 

Euplynes sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Munia striata. 

Euplynes nidicola Burg. 

Burgeon, 1937: Tisserin; (Euplynes nidicola.). 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian. 1952: Tisserin; [Euplynes nidicola 

Bruy.). 
Paulian. 1950: Ploceinae. 

Euryderus zabroides Leconte 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea; [Nothopus zabroides 
LeConte.). 

Harpalus (Pseudophonus) rufipes (Dejean) 
Nordberg, 1936: Emberiza hortulana L. ; [Ophonus pubescens Panz.) 

Lasiotrechus discus (Fabricius) 
Heidenreich, 1906a: "Fasanerie" ; (Trechus discus). 

Lebia sp. 

Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine). 

Lorocera caerulescens (Linnaeus) 
Walker, 1938: Puffin: [Loricera (sic) pilicornis Fab.). 

Metabletus obscuroguttatus (Duftschmid) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 

Microlestes minutulus (Goeze) 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; [Microlestes minutulus Goeze). 

Nebria (Helobia) degenerata Schaufuss 
Walker, 1938: Puffin; [Nebria ibericaOMw) . 

Nebria (Nebria) gyllenhali (Schonheer) 
Walker, 1938: Puffin; [Nebria gyllenhali Schon.). 



25 

Notiophilus biguttatus (Fabricius) 
Walker, 1938: Puffin; {Notiophilus biguttatus Fab.). 

Oecornis nidicola Britton 
Britton. 1940: Bycanistes cristatus Riipp. 
Paulian, 1950: Bycanistes cristatus Riipp. 

Patrobus septentrionis Dejean 

Walker, 1938: Puffin. 

Paulianites nidicola Jeannel 
Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae. 

Pterostichus (Argutor) diligens (Sturm) 
Easton. 1951 : Moorhen; {Feronia diligens Stm.). 

Pterostichus (Platysma) niger (Schaller) 
Joy. 1909: Puffin: [Pterostichus nigcr SchalL). 

Trechus sp. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L. 

Trechus (Trechus) obtusus Erichson 

Walker, 1938: Puffin: {Trechus obtusus Er. ) . 

Family CERAMBYGIDAE 
Pogonocherus fasciculatus (DeGeer) 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L. : {Pogonochaerus (sic) fasciculatus 
Deg.). 

Tetropium castaneum (Linnaeus) 
Jussel, 1905: Swallow; (Tetropium fulcratum). 
Nordberg, 1936: Pyrrhula pyrrhula L. ; {Tetropium luridum L.). 

Family CHRYSOMELIDAE 
Chalcoides plutus (Latreille) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Chalcoides plutus Latr.). 

Ghlamys sp. 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Crioceris asparagi (Linnaeus) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Robin; (Crioceris asparagi). 



26 

Donacia cinerea Herbst 
Spittle, 1949b: Fulica atra atra L., Podiceps cristatus cristatus L. 

Epithrix pubescens (Koch) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Epithrix pubescens Koch). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Epithrix pubescens Koch). 

Galeruca tanaceti (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Alauda arvcnsis L. ; {Galeruca tanaceti L.) . 

Galerucella luteola (Muller) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Galerucella luteola MiilL). 
— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Galerucella luteola MiilL). 

Griburius montezuma (Suffrian) 
Knaus, 1928: Buzzard. 

Longitarsus lycopi (Foudras) 
Szekessy, 1948: Delichon urbica L. ; {Longitarsus lycopodi Foudr.). 

Mantura floridana Crotch 
McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis, Planesticus rnigratorius, Rich- 
mondena cardinalis. 

Phyllotreta atra (Fabricius) 
Leleup, 1947c: Chouette cheveche; {Phyllotreta atra F.). 
Spittle, 1949a: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm; {Phyllotreta atra F.). 
• — . 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; {Phyllotreta atra F. var. 
crucijerae Gze. ) . 

Plateumaris discolor (Panzer) 
Nordberg, 1936: Anthus pratensis L.; {Plateumaris discolor Panz.). 

Prasocuris vittata (Olivier) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Robin: (Prasocuris vittata). 

Syneta betulae (Fabricius) 
Nordberg, 1936: Fringilla coelebs L. ; {Syneta betulae Fabr.). 

Zeugophora subspinosa (Fabricius) 
Nordberg, 1936: Fringilla coelebs L.: {Zeugophora subspinosa Fabr.). 

Family CISIDAE 
Cis sp. 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests. 



27 

Cis alni Gyllenhal 
Donisthorpe, 1939: Bird's nest. 

Ennearthron affine (Gyllenhal) 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; [Eniiearthroyi affine Gyll.). 

Ennearthron cornutum (Gyllenhal) 
Leleup, 1947c: Mesange charbonniere; {Ennearthron cornutum Gyll.). 

— , I947n: Parus major L.; {Ennearthron cornulum (sic) Gyll.). 

Family CLAMBIDAE 
Clambus minutus (Sturm) 
Rapp, 1935: Krahe; {Clambus minutus Strm. {armadillus Redtb.)). 

Clambus pubescens Redtenbacher 
Joy, 1906a: Sturnus vulgaris L. 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 
- — , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 

Family CLERIDAE 
Corynetes coeruleus (DeGeer) 

Kemper, 1938: Parus major L. ; (Corynetes coeruleus). 

— , 1938a: Kohlmeise; {Corynetes coeruleus Tieg.) . 

Necrobia ruficollis (Fabricius) 
Hindwood, 1947: Dacelo gigas; {Necrobia ruficollis Fabr. ) . 

— , 1 951: Kookaburra; (Necrobia ruficollis) . 

Necrobia rufipes (DeGeer) 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domcsticus L., P. montanus L., Delichon ur- 
bica L.; (Necrobia rufipes). 

— , 1938a: Haussperling, Feldsperling, Mehlschwalbe ; {Necrobia ru- 
fipes Titg.). 

Necrobia violacea (Linnaeus) 
Kemper, 1938: Hirundo rustica L.; {Nebrobia (sic) violacea). Delichon 
urbica L.; (Necrobia violacea). 

— , 1938a: Mehlschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe; {Necrobia violacea L.). 

Opetiopalpus scutellaris (Panzer) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Opetiopalpus scutellaris Panz.). 



28 

Family COCCINELLIDAE 
Undetermined 

Paulian. 1950: Nycticorax sp. 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests. 

Adalia bipunctata (Linnaeus) 
Boyd, 1932: Passer montanus montanus; (Adalia bipunctata). 
Cornelius, 1869: Fringilla chloris; (Coccinella bipunctata). 
Douglas, 187 1 : Fringilla chloris; (Coccinella bipunctata). 
Szekessy, 1948: Columba domestica L. ; {Adonia bipunctata L.). 

Anisosticta novemdecimpunctata (Linnaeus) 
Spittle, 1949b: Fulica atra atra L.; {Anistosticta (sic) novemdecimpunc- 
tata L.). 

Coccidula rufa (Herbst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; (Coccidula rufa Hbst.). 

— , 1931c: Moorhen; (Coccidula rufa Hbst.). 

— . 1937: Swan, moorhen; (Coccidula rufa Hbst.). 

— , 1939: Swan, moorhen; (Coccidula rufa Hbst.) . 

Coccinella septempunctata (Linnaeus) 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe ; (Coccinella y-punctata L.). 
Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L., Hirundo urbica L.; (Coc- 
cinella y-punctata L.). 

Hippodamia convergens (Guerin-Meneville) 
McAtee, 1929: Troglodytes aedon: (Hippodamia convergens Guerin). 

Rhizobius chrysomeloides (Herbst) 

Heselhaus, 1914: Birds' nests; (Rhizobius subdepressus Seidl.). 

— , 1915: Turdus merula L.; (Rhizobius subdepressus Seidl.). 

Rhizobius litura (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; (Rhizobius litura Y .) . 

— , 1 93 ic: Moorhen; (Rhizobius litura ¥.) . 

— , 1937: Swan, moorhen; (Rhizobius litura Y.) . 

— , 1939: Swan, moorhen; (Rhizobius litura Y.) . 
Leleup. 1947c: Chouette cheveche; (Rhizobius litura F.). 

Scymnus sp. 

Cornelius, 1869: Fringilla chloris. 
Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests. 
Douglas, 187 1 : Fringilla chloris. 



29 

Family GOLYDIIDAE 
Aglenus brunneus (Gyllenhal) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Aglenus brunneus Gyll." 
— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Aglenus brunneus Gyll.). 

Cerylon histeroides (Fabricius) 
Heselhaus, 1915: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie. 

histeroides F.). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia cicoyiia L.; {Cerylon histeroides F.). 

Murmidius ovalis (Beck) 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 



{Cerylon 



Family GRYPTOPHAGIDAE 
Undetermined 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 

1953: Birds' nests. 
Hicks, 1953: Spizella pusilla pusilla (Wilson). 
Judd, 1954: Agelaius phoeniceus. 
Kirschenblatt, 1936: Birds' nests. 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. 
Linsley, 1944: Birds' nests. 



Antherophagus sp. 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Colaeus (sic) rnonedula L. 
phagus (sic) sp.). 

Antherophagus nigricornis (Fabricius) 
Palm. 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Antherophagus nigricornis F. 

Atomaria sp. 

Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Atomaria (Atomaria) alpina Heer 

Blair, 1931: Rook: {Atomaria alpina Heer). 

Atomaria (Anchicera) analis Erichson 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp. : {Atomaria analis Er.). 

Atomaria (Anchicera) apicalis Erichson 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Atomaria apicalis Er.). 

— , 1938: Hawk; {Atomaria apicalis Er.) . 

— , 1939: Hawk; {Atomaria apicalis Er.). 
Rapp, 1933: Krahen; {Atomaria apicalis Er.). 

— , 1935: Krahen; {Atomaria apicalis Er.). 



{Antero- 




30 

Atomaria (Anchicera) atricapilla Stephens 

Falcoz, 1914: Puffin; {Atomaria atricapilla Steph.). 

Freeman, 1946: Erithacus ruhecula nielophilus Hart.; {Atomaria atri- 
capilla Steph. ) . 
Joy, 1909: Puffin; {Atomaria atricapilla Steph.). 

Atomaria (Anchicera) fuscipes (Gyllenhal) 
Nordberg, 1936: Tardus merula L., Columba oenas L.; {Atomaria fus- 
cipes Gyll.). 

Atomaria (Atomaria) linearis Stephens 

Heselhaus, 1915: Turdus merula L.; {Atomaria (s. str.) linearis Steph.). 
Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined nest; {Atomaria (s. str.) linearis Steph.). 
Roubal, 191 7: Hoopoe; {Atomaria linearis Steph.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Atomaria linearis Steph.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; (Atomaria linearis 
Steph.). 

Atomaria (Anchicera) mesomelaena (Herbst) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Rohrsanger; {Atomaria mesomelaena Hbst.). 

— , 1907a: Rohrsanger; {Atomaria mesomelaena Hbst.). 

— , 1907b: Reed birds; (Atomaria mesomelaena Herbst). 

— , 1 9 1 1 : Rohrsanger ; {Atomaria mesomelaena Hbst.) . 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Atomaria mesomelas Hbst.). 

— , 1938: Swan; {Atomaria mesomelas Hbst.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Atomaria mesomelas Whsi.) . 

Everts, 1922: Sedge-warbler (rietzanger) ; {Atomaria mesomelas Hbst.) 
Falcoz, 1914: Reed warbler (rousserole-Rohrsanger) ; {Atomaria me- 

someloena (sic) Herbst). 
Heyden, von, 1876 — 1877: Rohrsanger; {Atomaria mesomelas Hbst. 

{Anchicera Thoms.) ) . 

— , 1904: Rohrsanger; {Atomaria mesomelaena Hhsi.) . 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Atomaria mesomelaena Hbst.). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Rohrsanger; {Atomaria mesomelaena Hrbst.). 
Reitter, 191 1: Rohrsanger; {Atomaria (Anchicera) mesomelaena 

Hrbst.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Rohrsanger; {Atomaria mesomelaena Hbst.). 
Spittle, i94gb: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; {Atomaria mesomela 

Hbst.). 
Zumpt, 1928: Rohrsanger; {Atomaria mesomelaena Hbst.). 

Atomaria (Anchicera) morio Kolenati 
Donisthorpe, 1929: Jackdaw; {Atomaria morio Kol.). 

— . 1930: Jackdaw; {Atomaria morio K.o\.) . 

— , 1938: Jackdaw; {Atomaria morio K.ol.) . 

— 3 '939- Jackdaw; {Atomaria morio Kol.). 



31 

Horion, 1936a: Raubvogelhorsten ; (Atomaria morio KoL). 
Joy, 1932: Jackdaw; {Atomaria morio KoL). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo huteo L. 

Schmaus, 1936: Hohltaube (in einer Schwarzpechthohle) ; {Atomaria 
morio Kol.) . 

Atomaria (Anchicera) munda Erichson 
Fowler and Donisthorpe, 191 3: Birds' nests; {Atomaria munda Er.). 

Atomaria (Anchicera) nigripennis (Kugelann) 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie. ; {Atomaria 
nigripennis Payk.). 

Atomaria (Atomaria) pumila Reitter 

Leleup. 19470: Turdus merula L. ; {Atomaria pumila Reitt.). 

Atomaria (Anchicera) ruficornis (Marsham) 
Donisthorpe, 1938: Swan; {Atomaria ruficornis Marsh.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Atomaria ruficornis Marsh.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Atomaria ruficornis Marsh.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Delichon urbica L.; {Atomaria ruficornis Marsch. 

(sic)). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Delichon urbica, birds' nests; {Ato- 
maria ruficornis Marsh.). 

Cryptophagus sp. 

Cornelius, 1869: Cypselus a pus, Hirundo rustica. 

Douglas, 1871: Sturnus vulgaris, Cypselus apus, Hirundo rustica. 

Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica. 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L.. Delichon urbica L.. Hirundo 

rustica L. 
Klippel, 1952: Birds' nests. 
Low, 1861 : Hirundo rustica. 
West, 1928 — 1937: Eider duck. 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) acutangulus Gyllenhal 

Donisthorpe, 1938: Bird's nest; {Cryptophagus acutangulus Gyll.). 

— , 1939: Bird's nest; {Cryptophagus acutangulus GyW.) . 
Eichler, 1937a: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus acutangulatus) . 
Kemper, 1938a: Nisthohlen; {Cryptophagus acutangulatus). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus acutangulus Strm.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus acutangulus Gyll.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) badius Sturm 
Britten, 1909: Owl; {Cryptophagus badius Stm.). 
Fowler and Donisthorpe, 1913: Owl; {Cryptophagus badius Sturm). 



32 

Freeman, 1946: Erithacus ruhecula melophilus Hart.; {Cryptophagus 

badius Sturm). 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Turdus merula L.; [Cryptophagus badius Sturm). 
Hinton, 1945: Owl; [Cryptophagus badius Sturm). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Taubenschlagen ; [Cryptophagus badius Strm.) 
Linsley, 1944: Owl; [Cryptophagus badius Sturm). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; [Cryptophagus badius Sturm). 
Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Uferschwalbe ; [Cryptophagus badius Sturm). 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus badius Strm.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; (Cryptophagus badius). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; (Cryptophagus badius). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Colurnba domestica; [Cryptophagus 

badius Sturm). 
Thompson, 1926: Pigeon cote; [Cryptophagus badius Sturm). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) cellaris (Scopoli) 
Fowler, 1889: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus cellaris Scop.). 
Kemper, 1938a: Uferschwalbe; [Cryptophagus cellaris Scop.). 
Rye, 1873: Pigeon; [Cryptophagus cellaris 'SycOTp.). 

Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Uferschwalbe; [Cryptophagus cellaris Scop.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; [Cryptophagus cellaris Scop.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; (Cryptophagus cellaris 

Scop.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus cellaris (Scop.)). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) dentatus (Herbst) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Taube; [Cryptophagus dentatus Herbst). 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; [Cryptophagus dentatus Wh^X..). 

— , 1938: Swan; [Cryptophagus dentatus Hhst.) . 

— , 1939: Swan; [Cryptophagus dentatus Hhst.) . 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Pigeon; [Cryptophagus dentatus Herhst) . 
Hinton, 1945: Swan; [Cryptophagus dentatus (Herbst)). 

Kemper, 1938: Passer dornesticus L., P. montanus L., Delichon ur- 
bica L., Hirundo rustica L.; (Cryptophagus dentatus). 

— , 1938a: Wiedehopf, Haustaube, Feldsperling, Haussperling, Mehl- 
schwalbe, Rauchschwalbe ; [Cryptophagus dentatus Herbst). 

Leruth, 1935: Pigeon; [Cryptophagus dentatus Herbst) . 

Roubal 1907: Upupa epops, Colurnba domestica; (Cryptophagus den- 
tatus Herbst). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops, Colurnba domestica; (Cryptophagus den- 
datus H.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) distinguendus Sturm 
Bruce, 1936: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus distinguendus Sturm.). 
Eichler, 1937a: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus distinguendus Strm.). 
Hinton, 1945: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus distinguendus Sturm). 



33 

Kemper, 1938a: Nistholen; (Cryptophagus disthiguendus). XJfer^chwa.lhe: 
{Cryptophagus distinguendus Strm.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus distinguendus Strm.). 

Scholz and Hinkc, 19 19: Uferschwalbe ; [Cryptophagus distinguendus 
Strm.). 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; [Cryptophagus dtsiinguendus (sic), 
Cryptophagus distinguendus Strm.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; [Cryptophagus distin- 
guendus Strm.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus distinguendus Sturm). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) fumatus (Marsham) 
Everts, 1922: Pigeon; [Cryptophagus fumatus Marsh.). 
Roubal, 1936: Passer domesticus; [Cryptophagus fumatus Marsh.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) fuscicornis Sturm 

Roubal, 1936: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus fuscicornis Strm.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) hirtulus Kraatz 
Everts, 1922: Pigeon; [Cryptophagus hirtulus Kraatz). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon; [Cryptophagus hirtulus Kraatz). 

• — ■ , 1915: Columba domestica L.; [Cryptophagus hirtulus Kraatz). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. ; [Cryptophagus hirtulus Kraatz). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) labilis Erichson 
Everts, 1922: Owl; [Cryptophagus labilis Er.). 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Bole.; [Crypto- 
phagus labilis Er.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) lapponicus Gyllenhal 

Bruce, 1936: Magpie, crow; [Cryptophagus lapponicus Gyll.). 
— , 1937: Birds' nests; [Cryptophagus lapponicus Gyll.). 

Hinton, 1945: Crow; [Cryptophagus lapponicus Gyllenhal). 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Pica pica L., Fringilla coelebs L.. 
Regulus regulus L., Turdus philomelus (sic) Brehm, Motacilla 
alba L., Certhia familiaris L., Parus major L., P. ater L., Musci- 
capa hypoleuca L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Delichon urbica L., 
Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; [Cryptophagus 
beringensis Sahib. ) . 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; [Cryptophagus lapponicus Gyll.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) pallidus Sturm 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests: [Cryptophagus pallidus Sturm). 



34 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) pilosus Gyllenhal 

Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Cryptophagus pilosus GyW.) . 
■ — , 1937: Swan; {Cryptophagus pilosus GyW.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Cryptophagus pilosus GyW.). 
Eichler, 1937a: Birds' nests; (Cryptophagus pilosus). 
Hinton, 1945: Cormorant; {Cryptophagus pilosus Gyllenhal). 
Joy, 1908: Cormorant; {Cryptophagus pilosus Gyll.) . 
Kemper, 1938a: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus pillosus (sic)). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Cryptophagus pilosus Gyll.). 
Rapp, 1935: Bird's nest; {Cryptophagus pilosus Gyll.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) postpositus Sahlberg 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus postpositus Sahl.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) punctipennis Brisout 
Roubal, 1917: Hoopoe; {Cryptophagus punctipennis Vtv'is.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) saginatus Sturm 
Eichler, 1937a: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 
Everts, 1922: Pigeon; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Owl; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 
Fowler, 1889: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon; {Cryptophagus saginatus St.) . 

— , 1 9 15: Columba dornestica L.; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 
Hinton, 1945: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 
Kemper, 1938a: Haustaube, Uferschwalbe ; {Cryptophagus saginatus 

Strm.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 
Leruth, 1935: Owl; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 

— , 1939: Tawny owl; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 
Rye, 1873: Pigeon; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 

Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Uferschwalbe; {Cryptophagus saginatus 
Sturm). 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; (Cryptophagus saginatus). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; (Cryptophagus sagina- 
tus). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) scanicus (Linnaeus) 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Cryptophagus scanicus L.). 

Falcoz, 1914: Starling; {Cryptophagus scanicus L..). 

Gerhard, 1909: Star; {Cryptophagus scanicus lAn.). 

Kemper, 1938a: Nebelkrahe, Wacholderdrossel, Singdrossel, Trauer- 
fliegenschnapper, Mehlschwalbe ; {Cryptophagus scanicus L.). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Spechthohlen, Meisenhohlen ; {Cryptophagus sca- 
nicus L.). 



35 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Turdus pilaris L., Turdus philo- 
melus (sic) Brehm, Muscicapa hypoleuca L., Delichon urbica L. ; 
{Crypto phagus scanicus L.)- 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo buteo L.; {Cryptophagus scani- 
cus L.). 

Schmaus, 1936: Wiirger; (Cryptophagus scanicus). 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Starling; {Cryptophagus scanicus L.). 

Thiem, 1906: Habicht; {Cryptophagus scanicus h.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus scanicus (L.)). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) scutellatus Newman 
Joy, 1906a: Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Cryptophagus bicolor Stm.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus scutellatus New.). 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) subdepressus Gyllenhal 

Bruce, 1936: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus subdepressus GyW.) . 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) subfumatus Kraatz 

^Voodroffe. 1953: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus subfumatus K.ra.a.tz) . 

Cryptophagus (Cryptophagus) umbratus Erichson 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Cryptophagus umbratus Erich.). 

Ephistemus (Ephistemus) globulus (Paykull) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Ephistemus 

globulus (Payk.) ). 
Spittle, 1949b: Fulica atra atra L.; {Ephistemus globulus Payk.). 

Henoticus californicus (Mannerheim) 
Woodroffe. 1953: Birds' nests; {Henoticus californicus (Mann.)). 

Telmatophilus schonherri (Gyllenhal) 

Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Telmatophilus schonherri GyW.) . 

— • , 1937: Swan; {Telmatophilus schonherri GyW.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Telmatophilus schonherri GyW.). 
Spittle, 1949b: Fulica atra atra L.; {Telmatophilus schonherrii (sic) 
GylL). 

Superfamily Cucujoidea 
Undetermined 

Paulian. 1950: Nycticorax sp. 

Family GUCUJIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Bird's nest. 
Scott, 191 7: Munia striata. 



36 

Ahasverus advena (Waltl) 
Jussel, 1 905 : Hausschwalbe ; {Cathartus advena (Waltl)). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp.; [Ahasversus (sic) advena (Waltl)). 

Laemophloeus ferrugineus (Stephens) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 

Monanus concinnulus (Walker) 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; {Monanus con- 
cinnulus Walker). 
— , 1952: P/oc^M^ sp.; {Monanus concinnulus \^2i\\i.&Y) . 

Oryzaephilus surinamensis (Linnaeus) 
Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.). 

Family GURGULIONIDAE 
Undetermined 

Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests. 

Anthonomus sp. 

McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis. 

Anthonomus (Anthonomus) nigrinus Boheman 

McAtee, 1927a: Dmnetella carolinensis; {Anthoyiomus nigrinus Bohe- 
man). 

Anthonomus (Anthonomus) virgo Dietz 

McAtee, 1927a: ?Richmondena cardinalis; {Anthonomus virgo Dietz). 

Apion cruentatum Waltl 

Joy, 1908: Cormorant; {Apion cruentatum Walt.). 

Apion simile Kirby 
Nordberg, 1936: Fringilla coelebs L., Turdus pilaris L., Muscicapa 
striata Pall. 

Apion violaceum Kirby 

Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; {Apion violaceum 
Kby.). 

Auleutes epilobii (PaykuU) 
Nordberg, 1936: Muscicapa striata Pall.; {Coeliodes epilobii Payk.). 

Barypithes araneiformis (Schrank) 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Barypithes ara- 
neiformis Schr.). 
- — ■ , 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Heselhaus, 1915: Perdix cinerea Lath.; {Exomias araneiformis Schrk.). 



37 

Gleonus (Eurycleonus) sp. 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L. ; {Exochus sp.). 

Coenorrhinus (Pselaphorhynchites) aeratus (Say) 
McAtee, 1927a: Diimetella carolinensis; {Rhynchites aeratus Say). 

Cossonus linearis (Fabricius) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; (Cossonus linearis F.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; [Cossonus linearis ¥.). 

Gymnetron stimulosum (Germar) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Gymnetron rostellus var. stimulo- 
sum Germ.). 

Hydronomus alismatis (Marsham) 
Donisthorpe, 1938: Moorhen; (Bagous alismatis Marsh.). 
— , 1939: Moorhen; {Bagous alismatis Marsh.). 

Mecinus pyraster (Herbst) 
Heselhaus, 1915: Columba domestica L.; {Mecinus piraster (sic)Hbst.). 

Otiorrhynchus (Otiorrhynchus) arcticus (O. Fabricius) 
^\'alker. 1938: Puffin; {Otiorrhynchus arcticus Ol.) . 

Otiorrhynchus (Otiorrhynchus) nodosus (O. Muller) 
Walker, 1938: Puffin; {Otiorrhynchus duhius Strom). 

Otiorrhynchus (Tournieria) ovatus (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Parus major L., Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Phoeni- 
curus phoenicurus L., Columba oenas L.; {Otiorrhynchus ova- 
tus L.). 

Otiorrhynchus (Otiorrhynchus) scaber (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Pyrrhula pyrrhula L. ; {Otiorrhynchus septentrionalis 
Hbst). 

Phytonomus (Phytonomus) nigrirostris (Fabricius) 
Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius Linnaeus; {Hypera nigri 
rostris (F.) ). 

Phytonomus (Antidonus) punctatus (Fabricius) 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; (Hypera punctata Fabr.). 

Rhynchaenus fagi (Linnaeus) 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Rhynchaenus fagi L.). 



38 

Rhynchaenus quercus (Linnaeus) 
T(rouessart), 1875: Hirundo urbica; (Orchestes quercus). 

Rhynchaenus rufus (Schrank) 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Rhynchaenus rufus Schrk.). 

Rhynchaenus rusci (Herbst) 
Nordberg, 1936: Frmgilla coelehs L.; {Orchestes rusci Hbst.). 

Rhyncolus (Rhyncolus) lignarius (Marsham) 
Donisthorpe, 1939: Jackdaw, birds' nests; {Rhyncolus lignarius 

Marsh.). 
Spittle, 1949a: Strix aluco sylvatica Shaw; {Rhyncolus lignarius 

Marsh.). 

Rhyncolus (Stereocorynes) truncorum (Germar) 
Buck, 1951: Tyto alba Scop.; {Rhyncolus truncorum Germ.). 

Sitona (Sitona) lineatus (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Emberiza hortulana L.; {Sitona lineatus L.). 

Tanysphyrus lemnae (Paykull) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Tanysphyrus lemnae F.). 

— , 1938: Moorhen; {Tanysphyrus lemnae ¥.) . 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Tanysphyrus lemnae ¥.) . 

Family DERMESTIDAE 
Undetermined 

Ansari, 1949: Bird's nest. 
Dobroscky, 1925: House sparrow. 
Engel, 1920: Riparia riparia riparia (L.). 
Gray, 1947: Birds' nests. 
Hindwood, 1951 : Magpie, crow. 
Jelhson, 1940a: Crow, magpie. 
Kemper, 1939a: Birds' nests. 
Michelbacher, 1947: Birds' nests. 
Niethammer, 1937: Hirundo rustica rustica L. 
Uhlmann, 1938: Sparrow, pigeon. 
Weiss, 1941 : Nests of fish-eating birds. 
Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951b: Sparrow. 

Anthrenocerus australis (Hope) 
Hindwood, 1951: Birds' nests; {'^Anthrenocerus austr alia (sic)). 



39 

Anthrenus sp. 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 

1953: House sparrow. 
Donisthorpe, 1935: Chelidon urbica Linn. 
Eichler, 1937a: Sparrow. 
Godan, 1952: Sperling. 
Hase, 1938: Pigeon. 
McAtee, 1929: Sialia sialis. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Anthrenus fuscus (A. Olivier) 
Herfs, 1936a: Passer domesticus L.; (Anthrenus fuscus). 
Hinton, 1945: Birds' nests; {Anthrenus fuscus Oliv.). Sparrow; {An- 
threnus (Helocerus) fuscus Oliv'iQv) . 
Kunike, 1939: Birds' nests, Taubenschlagen ; (Anthrenus fuscus). 
Linsley, 1944: Sparrow; {Anthrenus fuscus (Latr.)). 

— , 1946: Birds' nests. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Anthrenus fuscus 0\\w.) . 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Motacilla alba 

Gould; {Anthrenus fuscus Oliv.). 
Yokoyama, 1929: Sparrow; {Anthrenus (Helocerus) fuscus Olivier). 

Anthrenus lepidus Leconte 
Linsley, 1944: Passer domesticus, house finch, black phoebe, barn swal- 
low, cliff swallow; (Anthrenus lepidus). 
■ — , 1946: Passer domesticus, Carpodacus mexicanus frontalis, Sayor- 
nis nigricans, Hirundo erythrogaster. 
Michelbacher, 1947: Birds' nests. 

Anthrenus museorum (Linnaeus) 

Eichler, 1937a: Birds' nests; (Anthrenus museorum). 

Hinton, 1945: Birds' nests. 

Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe ; {Anthrenus museorum L.). 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Parus major L., 
P. caeruleus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Delichon urbica L.; 
(Anthrenus museorum). 

Kemper, 1938a: Haussperling, Hausschwalbe, Mehlschwalbe, Feldsper- 
ling, Gartenrotschwanz, Blaumeise, Kohlmeise; {Anthrenus muse- 
orum L.). 

— , 1938b: Birds' nests; (Anthrenus museorum). 

— , 1939: Sperling, Meise, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauchschwalbe, Mehl- 
schwalbe, Taubenschlagen, birds' nests; (Anthrenus museorum). 

— ) 19392^- Birds' nests; {Anthrenus museorum L.). 

Kunike, 1939: Birds' nests, Taubenschlagen; (Anthrenus museorum). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Anthrenus museorum L.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Passer domesticus L., Hirundo rustica L., Delichon ur- 
bica L.; {Anthrenus museorum L.). 



40 

Perris, 1869: Swallow; {Anthrenus musaeorum (sic)). 

Uhlmann, 1938: Birds' nests, Beutelmeise; {Anthrenus museorum L.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Anthrenus occidens Casey 
Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus, Buteo sp., Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine). 

— , 1940a: Birds' nests; {Anthrenus occidens). 
Jellison and Philip, 1933: Pica pica hudsonicus (sic). 

Linsley, 1944: Magpie, Passer dornesticus, house finch, black phoebe, 
barn swallow. 

— , 1946: Magpie. 

Anthrenus pimpinellae Fabricius 

Cornelius, 1869: Cypselus apus; (Anthrenus pimpinellae). 
Eichler, 1937a: Sparrow; (Anthrenus pimpinellae). 
Foley and Peyerimhoff, 1922: Sparrow. 
Herfs, 1932: Birds' nests. 

— , 1936: Passer dornesticus L. 

— , I g'^6a.: House sparrow; (Anthrenus pimpinellae). 

Hinton, 1945: Birds' nests. Cypselus apus, swallow, house sparrow; 
{Anthrenus (Anthrenus) pimpinellae Fabricius). 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Parus major L., 
P. caeruleus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L.; (Anthrenus pimpi- 
nellae) . 

— , 1938a: Haussperling, Feldsperling, Gartenrotschwanz. Kohlmeise, 
Blaumeise, Mausebussard. 

— , 1938b: Birds' nests; (Anthrenus pimpinellae). 

— , 1939: Sperling, Meise, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauchschwalbe, Mehl- 
schwalbe, Taubenschlagen, birds' nests; (Anthrenus pimpinellae). 

— , 1951: Birds' nests, Micropus apus L., Sperling; (Anthrenus pim- 
pinellae). 

Korschefsky, 1944: Passer hispaniolensis Temm.; {Anthrenus goliath 

Muls. & Rey). Mausebussard; (Anthrenus pimpinellae). 
Kunike, 1939: Birds' nests, Taubenschlagen: (Anthrenus pimpinellae). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests, Sperling. 
Linsley, 1944: Sparrow; {Anthrenus pimpinellae (Fab.)). 

— , 1946: Birds' nests; {Anthrenus pimpinellae (F.)). 
Patton, 1 93 1 : Sparrow in Japan; {Anthrenus pirn pinella (sic)). 
Perris, 1869: Swallow; ( Anthrenus pimpinellae). 

Rey, 1886: Sparrow. 
Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L. 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.); {Anthrenus goliath Muls., An- 
threnus pimpinellae Fabr.). 

— , 1948: Motacilla alba L., Delichon urbica L., Columba domestica 
L., birds' nests. 



41 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.. Passer hispaniolensis: [Anthrenus 

goliath Muls. ). 
Yokoyama, 1929: Sparrow; {Anthrenus (Anthrenus) pimpinellae Fa- 

bricius ) . 

Anthrenus scrophulariae (Linnaeus) 
Eichler. 1937a: Sparrow; (Anthrenus scrophulariae). 
Hase. 1935: Sparrow; {Anthrenus scrophulariae h.) . 
Herfs. 1932: Birds' nests; {Anthrenus scrophulariae h.) . 

— . 1936: House sparrow; {Anthrenus (Anthrenus) scrophu- 
lariae L.). 

— . 1936a: House sparrow; {Anthrenus scrophulariae). 
Hinton. 1943: Sparrow; {Anthrenus scrophulariae h.). 

— . 1945: Sparrow; (Anthrenus scrophulariae). Birds' nests, sparrow; 
{Anthrenus (Anthrenus) scrophulariae L.). Birds' nests; {Anthrenus 
scophulariae (L.)). 

Kemper, 1936a: Birds' nests; (Anthrenus scrophulariae). 

— . 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Delichon urbica L., 
Hirundo rustical^.: (Anthrenus scrophulariae). 

— . 1938a: Haussperling, Feldsperling, Mehlschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe, 
Mausebussard ; {Anthrenus scrophulariae L.). 

— , 1938b: Birds' nests; (Anthrenus scrophulariae). 

— , 1939: Sperling, Meise, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauchschwalbe, Mehl- 
schwalbe, Taubenschlagen, birds' nests; (Anthrenus scrophulariae). 

Lehnert, 1933: Sperling; (Anthrenus scrophulariae). 
Linsley, 1944: Sparrow. 

— , 1946: Birds' nests. 

Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L. ; {Anthrenus scrophulariae P.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.); {Anthrenus scrophulariae L.). 

— , 1948: Hirundo rustica L., Storch; {Anthrenus scrophulariae L.). 

— . 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Hirundo rustica; {Anthrenus scrophu- 
lariae L.). 

Taschenberg, 1879: Sparrow; {Anthrenus scrofulariae (sic) F.). 
Uhlmann, 1938: Birds' nests, Beutelmeise ; {Anthrenus scrophulariae L.). 

Anthrenus verbasci (Linnaeus) 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 
1952: Sparrow, martin, pigeon, swallow; (Anthrenus verbasci). 

— , 1953: Birds' nests; (Anthrenus verbasci). 
Eichler, 1937a: Sparrow; (Anthrenus verbasci). 
Hase, 1935: Sparrow; {Anthrenus verbasci L.). 
Herfs, 1932: Birds' nests; {Anthrenus verbasci L.). 

— , 1936: House sparrow; {Anthrenus (Nathrenus) verbasci L.). 

— , 1936a: House sparrow; (Anthrenus verbasci). 
Hinton, 1943: Sparrow; {Anthrenus verbasciL.). 



42 

Hinton, 1945: Sparrow; (Anthrenus verbasci). Sparrow, birds' nests; 

{Anthrenus (Nathrenus) verbasci (Linnaeus)). 
Kemper, 1936a: Birds' nests; (Anthrenus verbasci). 

— , 1938: Passer domesticus L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., 
Delichon urbica L.; (Anthrenus verbasci). 

— , 1938a: Haussperling Rauchschwalbe, Grauerfliegenschnapper, 
Mehlschwalbe, Kohlmeise, Blaumeise; {Anthrenus verbasci L.). 

— , 1938b: Spatze; (Anthrenus verbasci). 

— , 1939: Sperling, Meise, Gartenrotschwanze, Rauchschwalbe, 
Mehlschwalbe, Taubenschlagen, birds' nests; (Anthrenus verbasci). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Anthrenus verbasci L.). 
Linsley, 1944: Birds' nests, sparrow; (Anthrenus verbasci L.). 

— , 1946: Hirundo erythrogaster. 

Nordberg, 1936: Passer domesticus L., Muscicapa striata Pall., Hirundo 
rustica L., Delichon urbica L.; {Anthrenus verbasci L.). 

Perris, 1869: Swallow; (Anthrenus verbasci). 

Uhlmann, 1938: Birds' nests, Beutelmeise ; {Anthrenus verbasci L.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica (L.), Hirundo 
rustica L., Columba sp. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Motacilla alba 
Gould. 

Yokoyama, 1929: Sparrow; {Anthrenus (Nathrenus) verbasci (Lin- 
naeus) ). 

— , 1929a: Sparrow; {Anthrenus (Nathrenus) verbasci (Linnaeus)). 

Attagenus sp. 

Eichler, 1937a: Sparrow. 
Herfs, 1932: Birds' nests. 
Kemper, 1938: Delichon urbica L., Hirundo rustica L. 

— , 1939a: Birds' nests, Raubvogel. 

- — , 1951 : Micro pus apus L., Sperling, birds' nests. 
McAtee, 1927: Progne subis, Troglodytes a'edon. 
Mason, 1944: Hirundo erythrogastra (sic). 

Attagenus japonicus Reitter 

Herfs, 1936a: House sparrow; (Attagenus japonicus). 
Linsley, 1944: Sparrow. 

Attagenus nigripes Casey 
Linsley, 1944: Passer domesticus, house finch, black phoebe, barn swal- 
low, cliff swallow. 

— , 1946: Passer domesticus, Carpodacus mexicanus frontalis, Sayor- 
nis nigricans, Petrochelidon albifrons. 

Attagenus pellio (Linnaeus) 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Chelidon urbica; (Attagenus pellio). 
Boyd, 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; (Attagenus pellio L.). 



43 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 
1952: Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw, swallow; (Attagenus pel- 
lio). 

Biittiker, 1944: Micropus apus L.; (Attagenus pellio). 

Cornelius, 1869: Hirundo rustica; (Attagenus pellio). 

Cutcliffe, 1955: Apus apus. 

Douglas, 1871 : Hirundo rustica; (Attagenus pellio). 

Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica, birds' nests; (Attagenus 
pellio). 

Finkenbrink, 1934: Sparrow; {Attagenus pellio L.). 

Fowler, 1889: Pigeon; {Attagenus pellio L.). 

Herfs, 1936: House sparrow; {Attagenus pellio L.). 

— , 1936a: House sparrow; (Attagenus pellio). 
Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Attagenus pellio). 
Hinton, 1943: Sparrow, pigeon; {Attage?ius pellio L.). 

— , 1945: Birds' nests, sparrow, pigeon, swallow, raptors. 
Joy, 1906a: Owl; {Attagenus pellio L.) . 

Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe, Hausschwalbe; {Attagenus pellio L.) . 
Kemper, 1936a: Birds' nests; (Attagenus pellio). 

— , 1938: Passer domesticus L., Delichon urbica L., Hirundo rustica L., 
Haustaube; (Attagenus pellio). 

— , 1938a: Eule, Rauchschwalbe, Mehlschwalbe, Haustaube, Haus- 
sperling; {Attagenus pellio L.). 

■ — , 1938b: Birds' nests; (Attagenus pellio). 

— , 1939: Sperling, Meise, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauchschwalbe, Mehl- 
schwalbe, Taubenschlagen, birds' nests; {Attagenus pellio). 

— , 1951 : Micropus apus L., Sperling, birds' nests; (Attagenus pellio). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. Sperling; {Attagenus pellio L.). 

Linsley, 1944: Birds' nests. 

— , 1946: Birds' nests. 

Lloyd, 1945: Jackdaw; {Attagenus pellio L.). 

Niethammer, 1937: Hirundo rustica rustica L.; (Attagenus pellio). 

Nordberg, 1936: Passer domesticus L., Motacilla alba L., Hirundo ru- 
stica L., Delichon urbica L. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Swallow, house-martin, house sparrow, fly- 
catcher. 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L., Hirundo urbica L.; {Atta- 
genus pellio L.). 

Thompson, 1953a: Swift. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica (L.), Hi- 
rundo rustica L., Corvus monedula L., Columba sp. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Motacilla alba Gould. 

Zacher, 1939: Raptors; {Attagenus pellio Linnaeus). 

Attagenus piceus (Olivier) 
Ansari, 1949: Sparrow. 
Back and Cotton, 1938: Birds' nests. 



44 

Cornelius, 1869: Cypselus apus. 

Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica; (Attagenus piceus megatoma). 
Birds' nests, Passer domesticus, Progne subis, Sialia sialis, Stur- 
nus vulgaris, Troglodytes aedon; (Attagenus piceus). 

Hennicke, 1901 : Hirundo rustica L.; {Attagenus megatoma F.). 

Herfs, 1936: House sparrow; {Attagenus piceus Ol.). 

Hinton, 1943: Sparrow; {Attagenus piceus OWv.) . 

— , 1945: Sparrow; (Attagenus piceus). Birds' nests. Passer rusti- 
cus L., Cypselus apus, swallow. 

Kemper, 1936a: Birds' nests; (Attagenus piceus). 

— , 1938: Passer domesticus L., Hirundo rustica L., Haustaube, De- 
lichon urbica L.; (Attagenus piceus). 

— , 1938a: Rauchschwalbe, Mehlschwalbe, Haussperling, Haustaube, 
Star, Progne subis, Sialia sialis, Troglodytes aedon; {Attagenus 
piceus 01.). 

— , ig38b: Birds' nests; (Attagenus piceus). 

— , 1939: Sperling, Meise, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauchschwalbe, Mehl- 
schwalbe, Taubenschlagen, birds' nests; (Attagenus piceus). 

— , 1951: Micropus apus L., Sperling, birds' nests; (Attagenus 
piceus). 

Klein, 1940: Sparrow (probably house-sparrow) ; (Attagenus piceus). 
Korschefsky, 1944: Passer hispaniolensis Temm. ; {Attagenus piceus 

01.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests, Sperling; {Attagenus piceus Ol.)- 
Linsley, 1942: Birds' nests; {Attagenus piceus Oliv.) 

— , 1944: Birds' nests, starling, English sparrow, purple martin, 
house wren, bluebird. 

— , 1946: Birds' nests. English sparrow, starling, purple martin, 
house wren, bluebird; {Attagenus piceus Oliv.). 

Low, 1861 : Hirundo rustica: {Attagenus megatoma Fabr.). 

— , 1867: Hirundo rustica Linn.; {Attagenus megatoma Fabr.). 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. Passer domesticus, Progne subis, Trog- 
lodytes aedon, Sialia sialis; (Attagenus piceus Olivier). 

Mallis, 1945: Birds' nests, sparrow. 

Mason, 1944: Hirundo erythrogastra (sic) ; {Attagenus piceus Oliv.). 

Perris, 1869: Swallow; (Attagenus piceus). 

Resch, 1874: Swallow; {Attagenus megatoma Fabr.). 

Roubal, 1936: Hirundo; {Attagenus piceus Ol.). 

Stein, 1843: Passer rusticus L.; (Attagenus megatoma). 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Attagenus piceus Ol.). 

— , 1948: Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L., Columba domestica 
L. ; {Attagenus piceus Ol. ) . 

- — ■ , 1950: Ciconia ciconia 1^., Passer hispaniolensis, Hirujido domestica, 
Delichon urbica, Columba domestica; {Attagenus piceus Ol.). 
Yokoyama, 1929: Sparrow. 



45 




Attagenus schaferi (Herbst) 
Linsley, 1944: Passer domesticus, house finch; {Attagenus schafferi 
(sic) Hbst.). 

— , 1946: Birds' nests; {Attagenus schafferi (sic)Herbst) . 

Gtesias serra (Fabricius) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Ctesias serra Fbr.). 

Dermestes sp. 

Dobner, 1862: Taubenschlagen. 
Eichler, 1937a: Sturnus vulgaris. 
Herfs, 1932: Birds' nests. 
Jellison, 1940: Bubo virginianus. 
Kemper, 1938: Delichon urhica L. 

— , 1938a: Star. ^ ^^.^afoso. 

— , 1 95 1 : Micropu5 <3/>M5 L., SperUng, birds' nests. ,j_/ ^'vl^TTTNi' 
Kreyenberg, 1928: Taubenschlagen, birds' nests. 
Liihmann, 1937: Taubenschlagen. 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Pigeon. 

Dermestes ater DeGeer 

Everts, 1922: Birds' nests. 

Dermestes bicolor Fabricius 
Ansari, 1949: Pigeon. 
Bickhardt, 1907a: Taubenschlag. 

— , 191 1 : Taubenschlag. 
du Buysson, 1878: Sparrow, jay, magpie, crow; (Dermestes bicolor). 

— , 1924: Sparrow. 
Eichler, 1937a: Birds' nests. 
Escherich, 1923: Pigeon; (Derryiestes bicolor). 
Everts, 1922: Pigeon. 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Pigeon. 

Franck and Sokolowski, 1931 : Taubenschlag. 
Ganglbauer, 1904: Pigeon. 
Gerhard, 1909: Taubenschlag. 
Heller, 1890: Pigeon. 

Heyden, von, 1876 — 1877: Taubenschlag. 
Hinton, 1943: Pigeon. 

— , 1945: Birds' nests, pigeon, sparrow. 
Karsch, 1887: Pigeon. 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L.; (Dermestes bicolor). 

— , 1938a: Haustaube. 
Kolbe, 1905: Pigeon; (Dermestes bicolor). 

— , 191 1 : Taubenschlagen. 
Korschefsky, 1944: Passer hispaniolensis Temm., Taubenschlagen. 



46 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Spechthohlen, Meisenhohlen. 

Linsley, 1944: Pigeon. 

Noll, 1 888: Pigeon. 

Rosenhauer, 1882: Pigeon. 

Roubal, 1907: Columba domestica. 

Riischkamp, 1920: Pigeon. 

Schaufuss, 1908: Columba domestica. 

Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Haustaube. 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 

— , 1948: Columba dom.estica L. 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Passer hispaniolensis, pigeon, birds' 
nests. 

Taschenberg, 1879: Pigeon. 

— , 1883: Taubenschlagen; (Dermestes bicolor). 

— , 1892: Taubenschlagen; (Dermestes bicolor) 
Zacher, 1924: Pigeon. 

— ■ , 1927: Taubenschlagen. 
Zimmermann, 1919: Taubenschlage ; (Dermestes bicolor). 
Zumpt, 1928: Taubenschlagen. 

Dermestes elongatus Leconte 
Barber, 19 14: Black-crowned night heron, pigeon. 
Linsley, 1944: Black-crowned night heron. 

Dermestes frischi Kugelann 
Hinton, 1945: Birds' nests. 

Dermestes lardarius Linnaeus 
Ansari, 1949: Pigeon. 

Biester and DeVries, 1943: Pigeon; (Dermestes lardarius). 
Biester and Schwarte, 1952: Pigeon; (Dermester lardarius). 
Blanchard, 1890: Pigeon. 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 1952: 

Sparrow, martin, pigeon; (Dermestes lardarius). 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 
Eichler, 1937a: Pigeon. 
Escherich, 1923: Pigeon. 
Hinton, 1943: Pigeon. 

— , 1945: Birds' nests, pigeon, Passer rusticus L., purple martin, 
noddy tern. 

Hutyra, Marek, and Manninger, 1946: Pigeon; (Dermestes lardarius). 
Illiger, 1798: Birds' nests; (Dermestes lardarius). 
Jellison, 1940: Buteo spp.. Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine). 

— , 1940a: Birds' nests; (Dermestes lardarius). 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe, Stadtschwalbe. 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Parus caeru- 
leus L., Hirundo rustica L., Haustaube; (Dermestes lardarius). 



47 

Kemper, 1938a: Ente, Taube, Haussperling, Feldsperling, Blaumeise, 
Rauchschwalbe, weisse Bachstelze, Mehlschwalbe, Mauersegler, 
Dohle. 

— , 1939: Sperling, Meise, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauchschwalbe, Mehl- 
schwalbe, Taubenschlagen, birds' nests; (Dermestes lardarius). 

— , 1939a: Birds' nests. 

— , 1951: Micropus apus L., Sperling, birds* nests; (Dermestes lar- 
darius). 

Kolbe, 1905: Pigeon; (Dermestes lardarius). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Low, 1867: Chelidon urbica Boie. 

Mallis, 1945: Pigeon loft. 

Martini, 1923: Taubenschlagen; (Dermestes lardarius). 

Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Pigeon. 

Nordberg, 1936: Passer domesticus L., Motacilla alba L., Hirundo ru- 
stica L., Delichon urbica L., Apus apus L., Colaeus (sic) mone- 
dula L. 

Patton, 1931 : Pigeon loft; (Dermestes lardarius). 

Railliet, 1895: Pigeon; (Dermestes lardarius). 

Reinhardt, 1950: Pigeon; (Dermestes lardarius). 

Resch, 1874: Swallow. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Swallow, house martin, house sparrow, fly- 
catcher, pigeon. 

Stein, 1843: Passer rusticus L.; (Dermestes lardarius). 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 

— , 1948: Columba domestical^. 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Ardea cinerea, Passer domesticus, Mota- 
cilla alba, Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica, Apus apus, Colaeus 
(sic) monedula, Columba domestica. 

Taschenberg, 1892: Taubenschlagen; (Dermestes lardarius). 

Theodorides, 1949: Pigeon. 

Ward and Gallagher, 1920: Pigeon; (Dermestes lardarius). 

Whitehead, 1933: Progne subis. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Columba sp. 

Zacher, 1924: Pigeon. 

Zimmermann, 1919: Pigeon. 



Dermestes maculatus DeGeer 

Biittiker, 1944: Micropus apus L. ; {Dermestes vulpinus F.). 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Parus major L.; 
(Dermestes vulpinus). 

— , 1938a: Haussperling, Feldsperling, Kohlmeise; {Dermestes vul- 
pinus F.). 

— , 1939: Sperling, Meise, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauchschwalbe, Mehl- 
schwalbe, Taubenschlag, birds' nests; (Dermestes vulpinus). 

Kreyenberg, 1928: Taubenschlag, birds' nests; (Dermestes vulpinus). 
Zacher, 1927: Birds' nests; {Dermestes vulpinus F.). 



48 

Dermestes murinus Linnaeus 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Pigeon, falcon. 

Kemper, 1938a: Uhu, Wanderfalk, Seeadler, Sperber, Hiihnerhabicht, 
Haussperling, Rauchschwalbe, Dohle, Turmfalk, Rauhfusskauz, 
Haustaube. 

Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Halia'etus al- 
bicilla L., Accipiter gentilis L., A. nisus L., Passer domesticus L., 
Hirundo rustica L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Aegolius funereus 
L., Falco tinnunculus L., Columba dornestica L. 

Palm, 1936: Buteo buteo L. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Swallow, house martin, house sparrow, fly- 
catcher, raptors. 

Roubal, 1907: Falco tinnunculus, Columba dornestica. 

Schaufuss, 1938: Falco tinnunculus, Columba dornestica. 

Dermestes nidum Arrow 
Arrow, 19 15: Heron. 

Hinton, 1945: Birds' nests, black-crowned night heron. 
Muchtler and Weiss, 1927: Black-crowned night heron. 

Dermestes peruvianas Castelnau 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L.; (Dermestes peruvianus). 

— , 1938a: Haussperling; {Dermestes peruvianus hap.) . 

— , 1939: Sperling, Meise, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauchschwalbe, Mehl- 
schwalbe, Taubenschlag, birds' nests; (Dermestes peruvianus). 

Dermestes signatus Leconte 
Jellison, 1940: Buteo spp., Corvus brachyrhynchos, Pica pica hudsonia 
(Sabine), Swainson's hawk, Asio wilsonianus. 
— • , ig^oa.: Birds' nests; (Dermestes signatus). 
Jellison and Philip, 1933: Corvus brachyrhynchos. Pica pica hud- 

sonicus (sic). 
Linsley, 1944: Magpie, crow, house finch. 
Spencer, 1942: Swallow. 

Dermestes talpinus Mannerheim 

Jellison, 1940: Buteo spp., Pica pica hudsonius (sic) (Sabine), Swain- 
son's hawk. 

Jellison and Philip, 1933: Pica pica hudsonicus (sic); [Dermestes tali- 
pinus (sic) Mann.). 

Linsley, 1944: Magpie. 

Dermestes undulatus Brahm 
Kemper, 1938a: Sperber. 

Globicornis nigripes (Fabricius) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Globicornis nigripes Fbr.). 



49 

Megatoma undata (Linnaeus) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Megatoma undata L.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Turdus philomelus (sic) Brehm, Muscicapa striata 

Pall., Delichon urbica L.; [Megatoma undata L.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Erithacus rubecula (L.). 

Perimegatoma monticola Casey 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine); [Paramegatoma (sic) mon- 
ticola Casey). 

Trogoderma sp. 

Beal, 1954: Birds' nests. 
Linsley, 1944: Purple martin. 
McAtee, 1929: Progne subis. 

Trogoderma boron Beal 

Beal, 1954: English sparrow. 

Hicks, 1953: Passer domesticus domesticus (L.) ; {Trogoderma nigres- 
cans Casey). 

Trogoderma inclusum Leconte 

Linsley, 1944: English sparrow, house wren; [Trogoderma versicolor 

Creutz.). 
- — , 1946: Passer domesticus, house wren; [Trogoderma versicolor 

Creutz. [inclusum hec.)). 
McAtee, 1929: Passer domesticus, Troglodytes aedon; [Trogoderma in- 

clusa Leconte). 

Trogoderma nigrum (Herbst) 
Eichler, 1937a: Birds' nests; (Trogoderma nigrum). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; [Trogoderma nigrum Hbst.). 

Trogoderma ornatum (Say) 

Linsley, 1944: English sparrow, house wren. 

— , 1946: English sparrow, house wren. 
McAtee, 1929: Passer domesticus; [Trogoderma ornata Say). Troglo- 
dytes aedon; [Trogoderma ornatum Say). 

Trogoderma sternale maderae Beal 

Beal, 1954: Petrochelidon albifrons, barn owl, English sparrow. 
Linsley, 1944: Cliff swallow; [Trogoderma sternale ^ayne) . 
— , ig/[6: Petrochelidon albifrons; (Trogoderma sternale). 

Uncertain Position 

Linsley, 1946: Passer domesticus; (Anthrenus obtectus). 



50 

Family DYTISCIDAE 
Dytiscus sp. 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 

Dytiscus (Macrodytes) marginalis Linnaeus 

Nordberg, 1936: Podiceps cristatus L.; {Dystiscus marginalis L.). 

Noterus clavicornis (DeGeer) 

Donisthorpe, 1939: Water-fowl; {Noterus sparsus M.arsh.) . 

Family ELATERIDAE 
Undetermined 

Britton. 1940: Bycanistes cristatus Riipp. 
T(rouessart), 1875: Hirundo urbica. 

Agriotes sp. 
Blair, 1931 : Rook. 

Agriotes (Agriotes) obscurus (Linnaeus) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Agriotes obscurus L.). 

Cardiophorus (Cardiophorus) gramineus (Scopoli) 
Leleup, 1947CI: Coloeus monedula spermologus (Vieill.) ; {Cardiophorus 
gramineus Scop.). 

Dalopius lateralis Eschscholtz 

Jellison. 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine); {Dolopius (sic) lateralis 
Escholtz (sic). 

Elater megerlei Lacordaire 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 

Elater nigroflavus Goeze 
Leleup, 1947c: Columba oenas L., pigeon colombin. 

Ischnodes sanguinicollis (Panzer) 

Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop.; {Ischnodes sanguinicollis Panz.). 
Joy, 1906a: Owl; {Ischnodes sanguinicollis Pz.). 

Ludius aeripennis (Kirby) 

Jellison, 1940: Buteo sp.; {Ludius elegans (Kirby)). 

Ludius quercus (Gyllenhal) 
Blair. 1931: Rook: {Corymbites incanus Gyll.). 



Melanotus rufipes (Herbst) 
Donisthorpe, 1938: Bird's nest; {Melanotus rufipes Hbst.). 

— , 1939: Bird's nest: {Melanotus rufipes Hbst.). 

Procraerus tibialis (Lacordaire) 
Donisthorpe, 1938: Bird's nest; {Megapenthes tibialis Lac). 

— . 1939: Bird's nest; {Megapenthes tibialis Lac). 

Family ENDOMYGHIDAE 
Rhymbus gibberosus (Lucas) 
Leleup, 1947c: Pic vert: {Microchondrus gibberosus hucas). 

— , 19476: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm) ; {Microchondrus gibbe- 
rosus Lucas"). 

Family EROTYLIDAE 
Dacne notata (Gmelin) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Dacne notata Gmel.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops: (Dacne notata Gmel.). 

Family HELODIDAE 
Cyphon padi (Linnaeus) 

Donisthorpe. 1930b: Swan: {Cyphon padi h.). 

— , 1938: Swan: {Cyphon padi L.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Cyphon padi 1^.) . 
Duffy, 1945: Blackbird; {Cyphon padi L.). 

Cyphon paykulli Guerin-Meneville 
Donisthorpe, 1938: Swan; {Cyphon nitidulus Th.) . 

— • 1939- Swan; {Cyphon nitidulus Th.) . 

Cyphon variabilis (Thunberg) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Cyphon variabilis Thunh.) . 

— , 1938: Swan; {Cyphoyi variabilis Thunh.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Cyphon variabilis Thunh.) . 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoeni- 
curus Bp., Passer dornesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L. : {Cyphoyi 
variabilis Thunb. ) . 

Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L. ; {Cyphon variabilis 
Thunb. var. nigriceps Kies.). 

Prionocyphon serricornis (Miiller) 

Rosenberg. 191 3: Bird's nest: (Prionocyphon serricornis). 



52 

Scirtes hemisphaericus (Linnaeus) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; [Scirtes hemisphaericus L.). 

— , 1938: Moorhen; {Scirtes hemisphaericus h.) . 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Scirtes hemisphaericus h.) . 

Family HETEROGERIDAE 
Heterocerus (Heterocerus) fusculus Kiesenwetter 

Szekessy, 1950: Cicojiia ciconia L.; {Heterocerus fusculus Kiesw.). 

Family HISTERIDAE 
Undetermined 

Auber, 1945: Birds' nests. 
Fagel, 1934: Birds' nests. 
Lameere, 1946a: Birds' nests. 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. 
PauHan, 1943: Birds' nests. 
Roubal, 1907: Hoopoe. 

Abraeus globosus (Hoffmann) 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Abraeus globosus Hoffm.). 
Waterhouse, 1871: StarHng; {Abraeus globosus). 

Abraeus granulum Erichson 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests. 

— , 1939: Birds' nests. 
Everts, 1922: Owl. 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie. 
Joy, igo6a: StarHng. 

Acritus (Acritus) nigricornis (Hoffmann) 
Jeffery, 1927: Bird's nest; {Acritus nigricornis Hoff.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; [Acritus nigricornis Hoffm.). 
— ■ , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Acritus nigricornis Hoffm.). 

Carcinops (Carcinops) quattuordecimstriata (Stephens) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Owl; {Carcinops pumilio Er.). 

— , 1907a: Owl; {Carcinops pumilio Er.) . 

— , 191 1 : Owl, stork; {Carcinops pumilio Er.). 

— , 19 16: Stork; {Carcinops quattuordecimstriata ^tc'ph..) . 
Delahon, 1932: Schwarzen Milan; {Carcinops pumilio Er.). 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Carcinops 14-striatus Steph. 

— , 1939: Bird's nest; {Carcinops 14-striatus Steph.). 
Hinton, 1945a: Bird's nest; {Carcinops quattuordecimstriata 

(Stephens) ). 



53 

Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus; {Carcinops 14-striata Stephens). 

Len,^erken, von, 1927: Stork; {Carcinops quatuordecimstriata (sic) 
Steph.). 

Linsley, 1944: Owl, stork, starling, purple martin; {Carcinops 14-stri- 
atus Steph.). 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Progne subis; {Carcinops 14-striata 
Stephens) . 

Roubal, 1930: Birds' nests; {Carcinops quattuordecimstriata Steph.). 

Scholz and Hinke; 1919: Owl; {Carcinops pumilio Er.). 

Spittle, 1949a: Tyto alba alba Scop.; {Carcinops 14-striatus Steph.). 

Szekessy, 1944: Stork; {Carcinops pumilio Er.). Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; 
{Carcinops 14-striatus Steph.). 
— • , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Ardca cinera, Strigidae; {Carcinops 
14-striatus Steph.). 

Walker, 1896: Owl; (Carcinops 14-striata). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests, Columba sp.; {Carcinops quattuordecim- 
striata (Stephens) ). 



Dendrophilus punctatus (Herbst) 
Auzat, 1917a: Bird's nest: {Dendrophilus punctatus). 
Bennett, 1915: Starling; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hhst.) . 
Bickhardt, 1907: Owl; {De?idrophilus punctatus Herhst). 

— , 1907a: Birds' nests, owl; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; (Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

— , 191 1 : Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

— ■ , 1916: Krahe, Wiedehopf ; {Dendrophilus pu7ictatus Hhst.) . 

— , 1916b: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 
Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop.; {DcJidrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 

Cotton and Good, 1937: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 
des Gozis, 1886: Pigeon; {Dendrophilus pu7ictatus F.) . 
Donisthorpe, 1930a: ?hawk, ?magpie; {Dendrophilus punctatus I\\.) . 

— , 1937: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus pu?ictatus Hhst.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 
Dorn, 191 3: Accipiter nisus L.; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 
Duffy, 1944: Woodpecker; {Dendrophilus pu7ictatus Wost.) . 

— - , 1945: Woodpecker; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hhst.). 

Elliman and Gimingham, 1907: Owl; {Dendrophilus punctatus III). 

Everts, 1922: Owl; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Woodpecker, pigeon, jackdaw, starling, owl, sparrow 
hawk; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

Fowler and Donisthorpe, 1913: Owl, birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punc- 
tatus III). 

Gaudin, 1921a: Pic, sansonnet, chouette, mesange; {Dendrophilus 
punctatus F.). 

Gerhard, 1909: Specht, Griinspecht, Star, Eule, Buntspecht, Hohltaube, 
Dohle, birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 



54 

Hansen, 1922: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 
Heselhaus, 1915: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie.: {Dendro- 
philus punctatus Herbst). 
Hinton, 1945a: Pigeon, starling, daw, owl, woodpecker, birds' nests. 
Jeannel, 1942: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herhst) . 
Joy, 1904: Woodpecker; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hevhst) . 

— , 1906a: Owl, starling; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 

— , 1906c: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 

— , 1932: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herhst) . 
Leleup, 1947a: Little tawny owl; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

— , 1947b: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm) : {Dendrophilus pujicta- 
tus Herbst). 

— , 1947c: Colmnba oenas L., Picus viridis virescens (Brehm), birds' 
nests, choucas; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). Passer monta- 
nus montanus (L.) ; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst (sic) ). 

— , 1947)1: Columba oenas L.; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

— , 1947I: Passer montanus montayius (Linn.); {Dendrophilus punc- 
tatus Herbst.). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Spechthohlen, Meisenhohlen : {Dendrophilus 
punctatus Hrbst.). 

Linsley, 1944: Owl, woodpecker, crow, hoopoe, jackdaw, starling, 

screech owl, hawk, pigeon, birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus 
Herbst). 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus cornix L., Fringilla coelebs L., Regulus regulus 
L., Parus major L., P. ater L., P. atricapillus L., Muscicapa striata 
Pall., Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Hi- 
rundo rustica L., Delichon urhica L., Apus apus L., Mergus mer- 
ganser L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryo- 
copus martius L., Dryohates major L., Falco tinnunculus h., Co- 
lumba oenas L.; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 

Rosenberg, 1913: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 

Ross, 1940: Ivory-billed woodpecker; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus 
Herbst). 

Roubal, 1907: Corvus monedula; (Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 
U pupa e pops; {Dendrophylus (sic) punctatus L.) . 

— , 1930: Cornix sp., birds' nests; {Dendrophilus pujictatus Hrbst.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

— , 1908: Upupa epops, Corvus monedula; {Dendrophilus puncta- 
tus L.). 

Schmaus, 1936: Starling, Krahe, Hohltaube; (Dendrophilus punctatus). 
Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Starling, owl, pigeon, jackdaw; {Dendro- 
philus punctatus Herbst) . 
Sick, 1933: Dohle; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hrbst.). 

— , 1940: Eule, Specht, Star, Dohle, Wiedehopf, Hohltaube, Krahe, 
Storch, Sperber, birds' nests; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.). 



55 

Spittle, 1949a: Strix aluco sylvatica Shaw, Tyto alba alba Scop.; {Den- 

drophilus punctatus Hbst.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia cicoriia (L.) ; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Strigidae, Corvus comix, Fringilla coe- 
lebs, Regulus regulus, Accipiter nisus, Parus major, P. ater, P. 
atricapillus, Muscicapa striata, M. hypoleuca, Phoenicurus phoeni- 
curus, Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica, Apus apus, Mergus mer- 
ganser, Colaeus (sic) monedula, Sturnus vulgaris, Dryocopus mar- 
tins, Dryobates major, Upupa epops, Falco tinnunculus, Columba 
oenas; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst). 

Walker, 1896: Owl; (Dendrophilus punctatus). 

— , 1904: Owl; {Dendrophilus punctatus Hhst.) . 

— , 1932: Owl; {Dendrophilus punctatus I\\.) . 
Weber, 1938: Stork; {Dendrophilus punctatus Herhst) . 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp., birds' nests. 

Dendrophilus punctulatus (Say) 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Dendrophilus punctulatus Say). 

Dendrophilus pygmaeus (Linnaeus) 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Jackdaw; {Dendrophilus pygmaeus h.) . 

Nordberg, 1936: Pica pica L., Sylvia borin Bodd., Turdus philomelus 
(sic) Brehm., Motacilla alba L., Parus major L., Muscicapa striata 
Pall., M. hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Delichon 
urbica L., Apus apus L., Mergus merganser L., Colaeus (sic) mo- 
nedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryocopus martins L., Dryobates 
major L., Aegolius funereus L., Columba oenas L.; {Dendrophilus 
pygmaeus L.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests; {Dendrophilus pygmaeus L.). 

Roubal, 1913: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie: {Dendrophilus pig- 
maeus (sic) L.). 

Gnathoncus sp. 

Gorham, 1886: Pigeon, birds' nests. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 

Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus, Buteo sp.. Pica pica hudsoriia (Sabine), 

Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 
Joy, 1906c: Birds' nests. 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Wiedehopf, Eule, Krahe, Star. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Flycatcher, great tit, chaffinch, owl. 
Sg., 1907: Birds' nests. 
Strand, 1946: Bird's nest. 

Gnathoncus buyssoni Auzat 

Auzat, 191 7: Strix flammea L., Yunx (sic) torquilla L. 

— , 1917a: Bird's nests. 
Bedwell, 1943: Blue tit. 



56 

Donisthorpe, 1928: Owl, hawk, wryneck; (Gnathoncus buyssoni). 

— , 1930: Hawk. 

— , 1937: Hawk. 

— , 1939: Hawk. 

Everts, 1918: Specht; (Gnathoncus buyssoni). 

■ — - , 1922: Strix flammea L., Yynx (sic) torquilla L. 
Gaudin, 1921a: Bird's nest, woodpecker. 
Horion, 1936a: Star. 
Joy, 1932: Hawk. 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. Passer montanus montanus (L.), choucas, 

moineau friquet, mesange charbonniere ; {Gnathoncus Buyssoni 

Auzat) . 

— , \^^']\: Passer montanus montanus (L.). 

Reclaire and Van der Wiel, 1936: Birds' nests, jackdaw, thrush, tit- 
mouse, sparrow. 
Roon, van, 1917: Starling; (Gnathoncus buyssoni). 

— , 1918: Bird's nest; (Gnathoncus buyssoni). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Owl, hawk. 
Riischkamp, 1932a: Birds' nests. 

Schmaus, 1936: Starling, Mausebussard, Trauerf liegenschnapper ; 
(Gnathoncus buyssoni). 

Gnathoncus communis Marseul 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 

Gnathoncus idiopygus Casey 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 

Gnathoncus nanus (Scriba) 
Hinton, 1945a: Pigeon, Sturnus vulgaris, crow, hoopoe, owl, raven, 

birds' nests. 
0"Mahony, 1949a: Shag; {Gnathoncus nanus Scriba). 
Reichardt, 1941 : Pigeon, hoopoe, owl, starling, raven. 
Strand, 1946: Bird's nest; {Gnathoncus nanus Scr. {punctulatus Thorns., 

punctatus Payk.) ). 

Gnathoncus rotundatus (Kugelann) 
Auzat, 1917a: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Gnathoncus ro- 
tundatus Kugel., Gnathoncus nannetensis Mars.). 
Bennett, 1915: Owl; {Gnathoncus nidicola 'Lohn) . 
Bickhardt, 1907: Starling; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel.) . 

— , 1907a: Owl, birds' nests; {Gnathoyicus rotundatus Kugel.). Star- 
ling; (Gnathoncus rotundatus). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; {Gjiathoncus rotundatus Kugel.) . 

— , 191 1 : Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). Specht, Eule, 
Wiedehopf; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel.). 



57 

Bickhardt, 1916: Wiedehopf. Krahe. Eule, Star: [Gnathoncus rotundatus 
Kug.). 

— , 1916b: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.). 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.). 

Delahon, 1932: Schwarzen Milan; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.). 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Birds' nests; (Gnathoncus nidicola). 
— ■ , 1 93 1 a : Carrion crow ; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Th.) . 

— , 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. ; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns.). 

— , 1937: Bird's nest; {Gnathoncus nannetensis Mars.). Crow: {Gna- 
thoncus punctulatus Th.). Birds' nests; {Gjiathoncus nidicola Joy). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). Crow; {Gnathon- 
cus punctulatus Thorns.). Bird's nest; {Gnathoncus nannetensis 
Marseul ) . 

Easton, 1940: StarHng; {Gnathoncus nidicola ]oy) . 

Edmonds, 1931: Starling: (Gnathoncus rotundatus). 

Elliman and Gimingham, 1907: Owl; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel.). 

Everts, 1922: Starling, woodpecker; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). Pigeon, 
church-owl; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns.). Crow, pigeon, owl, 
sparrow, hoopoe, starling; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.). 

Falcoz, 1914: Titmouse, birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). Co- 
lumba domestica L.; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thoms.). Woodpec- 
ker, pigeon, starling, wild goose; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.). 

Fowler, 1889: Stock dove, birds' nests; {Gnathoncus iiajinentensis (sic) 
Mars.). Stock dove, birds' nests; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thoms.). 

Fowler and Donisthorpe, 1913: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus iiidicola Joy). 

Franck and Sokolowski, 1930: Starling; {Gnathoncus punctulatus 
Thoms.). 

Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Gnathoncus 
punctulatus (Thoms.)"). 

Gaudin, 1921a: Chouette; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). Sansonnet, pic, 
chouette; {Gnathoncus rotundatus var. subsuturalis Reitt.). 

Gerhard, 1909: Taubenschlag; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thoms.). 

Specht, Griinspecht, Taubenschlag, Buntspecht; {Gnathoncus rotun- 
datus Kugel.). 

Hansen, 1922: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thoms., Gna- 
thoncus rotundatus Kugel.). 

Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; {Gnathocerus (sic) rotundatus, Gnathoncus 
rotundatus) . 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Taubenschlag, sparrow, Meise, Rotschwanz: {Gnathon- 
cus punctulatus Thoms.). 

— , 1915: Columba domestica L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., 
Erithacus phoenicurus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulga- 
ris L.; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thoms.). Dendrocopus medius 
Koch, Picus viridis L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus 
phoenicurus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; 
{Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.). 

Hinton, 1945a: Birds' nests, pigeon, hoopoe, owl, starling, raven; {Gna- 



58 

thoncus nannetensis (Marseul)). Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus puncta- 

tor Reitter) . 
Horion, 1936a: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Gnathoncus 

pu7ictulatus Thorns., Gnathoncus rotundatus 111.). 
Jeanne], 1942: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). 
Joy, 1906a: Owl; {Gnathoncus nannetensis Mars.). 

— , 1906c: Starling; (GnatJioncus rotundatus) . 

— • , 1907a: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). 
— ■ , 1909: Gannet; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Y^xxgei.) . 

— , 1909b: Starling; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Gnathoncus rotunda- 
tus Kug. ) . 

— , 1930: Buteo vulgaris; (Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel.). 

— , 1932: Owl; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). Birds' nests; {Gnathon- 
cus punctulatus Th.) . 

Kirschenblatt, 1936: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Gnathon- 
cus rotundatus Kug.). Swallow; (Gnathoncus suturifer). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Gnathon- 
cus rotundatus Kug.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, G. rotundatus 
Kug.). Choucas; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). Athene noctua vidalii 
(Brehm), chouette cheveche; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, G. rotun- 
datus Kug.). Pie; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.). 

— , I947d: Coloeus monedula spermologus (Vieill.) ; {Gnathoncus ro- 
tundatus Kug.). 

— • , 1947m: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, 
Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Spechthohlen, Meisenhohlen; {Gnathoncus rotun- 
datus Kug. ) . 

Leruth, 1935: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugelarm (sic)). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Pica pica L., Parus major L., Muscicapa hypoleuca L., 

Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryohates major 
L., Columba oenas L.; {Gnathojicus punctulatus Thoms.). Corvus 
comix L., Pica pica L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Fringilla coelehs L.. 
Regulus regulus L., Turdus pilaris L., Accipiter nisus L., Passer 
domesticus L., Motacilla alba L., Certhia familiaris L., Parus major 
L., P. ater L., P. atricapillus L., Muscicapa striata Pall., M. hypo- 
leuca Pall., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Hirundo rustica L., Co- 
laeus (sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryocopus martins 
L., Dryohates major L., Aegolius funereus L., Falco tinnunculus 
L., Columba oenas L.; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel.). 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo buteo L.; {Gnathoncus rotunda- 
tus Kugel.). 

Paulian, 1943: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). 

Rapp, 1933: Bird's nest, Blaumeise; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). 

— , 1935: Blaumeise; {Gnathoncus nidicola ]oy) . 



59 

Reclaire and Van der Wiel, 1936: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus nidicola 
Joy, Gnat/ioncus punctulatus Thorns., Gnathoncus rotundatus 111.)- 
Jackdaw, starling; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel. var. suturalis 
Gglb.). Starling; [Gnathoncus nidicola Joy var. auzati Pic). 

Reichardt, 1941: Pigeon, hoopoe, owl, starling, raven; {Gnathoncus nan- 
netensis (Marseul)). Birds" nests; {Gnathoncus punctator Reitter). 

Reitter, 1909: Birds" nests; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Gnathon- 
cus rotundatus Kugelann). 

Rosenberg, 191 3: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Gna- 
thoncus rotundatus Kugelann). Ardea cinerea L.; {Gnathoncus 
punctulatus Thorns.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Owl, hawk; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy). 
House sparrow, great tit, birds' nests; {Gnathoncus punctulatus 
Thorns. ) . 

Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel.). 
— ■ , 1929: Buteo buteo L.; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel., Gnathon- 
cus rotundatus v. potanini Reitt.). 

— , 1930: Buteo buteo; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel., Gnathoncus 
rotundatus potanini Reitt.) . 

RUschkamp, 1932a: Taubenschlag, Waldkauz; {Gnathoncus nidicola 

Joy). 

Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel.). 

— , 1908: Upupa epops; (Giiathoncus rotundatus Kugel.). 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Pigeon, birds' nests; {Gnathoncus ro- 
tundatus Kugel.). 

Schmaus, 1936: Star, Mausebussard, Hohltaube; (Gnathoncus nidicola). 
Star; (Gnathoncus rotundatus). 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Vv^oodpecker, Haustaube; {Gnathoncus punc- 
tulatus Thorns.). 

Sick, 1940: Taube, Steinkauz, birds' nests, Taubenschlag, Star, Storch, 
Bussard, Eule, Meise, Parus caeruleus L.; {Gnathoncus punctu- 
latus Thorns.). 

Spittle, 1947a: Ardea cinerea cinerea L.; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Th.). 
— ■ , 1947b: Corvus c. corone L.; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Th.). 

— , 1949a: Strix aluco sylvatica Shaw; {Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Gnathoncus punctulatus 

Thorns. ) . 
• — , 1948: Columba domestica L.; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Ardea cinerea, Strigidae, Corvidae, Pica 
pica, Buteo buteo, Parus major, Muscicapa hypoleuca, Colaeus 
(sic) monedula, Sturnus vulgaris, Dryobates major, Upupa epops, 
Columba domestica, C. oenas; (Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns.). 

Thiem, 1906: Corvus frugilegus; (Gnathoncus rotundatus F.). 
Walker, 1896: Owl; (Gnathoncus nannetensis). 
— ■ , 1932: Owl; {Gnathoncus nidicola ]oy) . 



6o 

Weber, 1938: Stork; {Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns.) . 

Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp., birds' nests; (Gnathoncus rotundatus 
Kugel.). 

Zumpt, 1928: Starling; {Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Gnathoncus rotunda- 
tus Kugel.). Taubenschlag, Raubvogel; {Gnathoncus rotundatus 
Kugel.). 

Hister sp. 

Hansen, 1922: Birds' nests. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 

Robinson, 1941 : Tyto alba pratincola Bonap. 

Stein, 1843: Passer rusticus L. 

Hister (Hister) abbreviatus Fabricius 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Hister abbreviatus Fabr.). 

Hister (Spilodiscus) biplagiatus Leconte 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; (Hister biplagiatus Leconte). 

Hister (Hister) bissexstriatus Fabricius 

Nordberg, ig^6: Parus atricapillus L.: {Hister bissextriatus (sic) Payk.). 

Hister (Hister) cadaverinus Hoffmann 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Turmfalke; {Hister cadaverinus Hoffm.). 

— ■ , 1916: Falkenhorst; {Hister cadaverinus Hoffm.). 
Falcoz, 1 914: Falcon; {Hister cadaverinus Hoffm.). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Falkenhorst, Wiedehopf; {Hister cadaverinus 

Hoffm.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Falco peregrinus Tunst., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., 

Aegolius jmiereus L.; {Hister cadaverinus Hoffm.). 
Roubal, 1907: Falco tinunculus (sic); {Hister cadaverinus Hoffm.). 

— , 1930: Birds' nests; {Hister cadaverinus HoHm.) . 
Schaufuss, 1908: Falco tinnunculus; {Hister cadaverinus Hoffm.). 

Hister (Hister) carbonarius Illiger 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Pigeon; {Hister carbonarius Illig.). 

— , 1 9 16: Taubenschlag; {Hister (Paralister) carbonarius 111.). 
Everts, 1922: Pigeon; {Hister carbonarius Illig.). 

Falcoz, 1914: Pigeon; {Hister carbonarius \\\ig.) . 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Taubenschlag; {Hister carbonarius Hoffm.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus {s\c) monedula L.; {Hister carbonarius Illig.). 
Roubal, 1907: Columba domestica; {Hister carbonarius Illig.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Columba domestica; {Hister carbonarius 111.). 

Hister (Atholus) corvinus (Germar) 
Bickhardt, 1916: Taubenschlag; {Hister (Atholus) corvinus Germ.). 
Everts, 1922: Pigeon; {Hister corvinus Germ.) . 



6i 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Taubenschlag; {Hister corvinus Germ.). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Columba domestica; {Hister corvinus 
Germ.). 

Hister (Hister) memnonius Say 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; (Hister memnonius Say). 

Hister (Hister) merdarius Hoffmann 

Auzat, 1917a: Bird's nest; (Hister merdarius). 
Bennett, 19 15: Owl; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 
Bickhardt, 1907: Owl; [Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 

— , 1907a: Starling; (Hister merdarius). Owl, birds' nests; [Hister 
merdarius Hoffm. ) . 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 

— , 191 1 : Eule, Dohle, Turmfalke, Specht, Taubenschlag; [Hister 
merdarius Hoffm.). Specht; [Hister merdarius var. gerhardi Bick- 
hardt). 

— , 1916: Falken, Krahe, Eule, Specht, Wiedehopf ; [Hister merdarius 
Hoffm.). 

— , 1916a: Birds' nests; (Hister merdarius). 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 

Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop.; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 
Donisthorpe, 1930a: ?hawk, ?magpie; [Hister merdarius HoH.) . 
■ — ■ , 1931a: Birds' nests; (Hister merdarius). 

— , 1937: Birds' nests; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 
Easton, 1940: Starling; [Hister merdarius HoH.) . 

Everts, 1922: Woodpecker, pigeon; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Woodpecker, pigeon, falcon, raven, jackdaw, owl; [Hister 

merdarius Hoff.) . 
Fowler and Donisthorpe, 191 3: Birds' nests; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 
Gerhard, 1909: Buntspecht, Taubenschlag, Specht; [Hister merdarius 

Hoffm. ) . 
Hansen, 1922: Birds' nests; [Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 
Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Hister merdarius). 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Dendrocopus medius Koch, Pica viridis L.; [Hister 

merdarius Hoffm.). 
Hinton, 1945a: Birds' nests, owl, pigeon; [Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 
Joy, 1904: Woodpecker; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 

— , 1906a: Owl. starling; [Hister merdarius Hoii.) . 

■ — , 1906c: Birds' nests, starling; [Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 

— , 1932: Birds' nests; [Hister merdarius Hoff.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests, choucas; [Hister (s. str.) merdarius Hoffm.). 
Old bird's nest, Columba oenas L., Passer montanus montajius (L.), 
Atheiie noctua vidalii (Brehm) ; [Hister merdarius Hoffm. 1. 

— , I947h: Columba oenas L.; [Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 

— , 1947m: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm; [Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 



62 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Spechthohlen, Meisenhohlen, Taubenschlag, Fal- 
kenhorst. Wiedehopf; {Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 

Miles, 1940: Owl, birds' nests; {Hister merdarius Hoff.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Corvus comix L., Parus major L., Phoe- 
nicurus phoenicurus L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Sturnus vul- 
garis Li., Dryocopus martius L., Dryobates major L., Aegolius fu- 
nereus L., Falco tinnunculus L., Columba oenas L.; {Hister mer- 
darius Hoffm. ) . 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 

Pic, 1 9 18: Nocturnal birds; {Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 

Pool, 1907: Wood-pigeon; {Hister merdarius Hop.). 

Rosenberg, 1913: Birds' nests; {Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests; {Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 

Roubal, 1907: Falco tinunculus (sic), Upupa epops, Corvus monedula; 
{Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 

— 5 ^9^3* Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; {Hister merdarius 
Hoffm.). 

— , 1930: Birds' nests; {Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 
Riischkamp, 1932a: Waldkauz; (Hister merdarius). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Hister merdarius Hoff.). 

— • , 1908: Falco tinnunculus, Upupa epops, Corvus monedula; {Hister 

merdarius Hoffm.). 
Schmaus, 1936: Starling, Krahe, Hohltaube; (Hister merdarius). 
Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Haustaube, woodpecker; {Hister merdarius 

Hoff.). 
Sg., 1907: Birds' nests; {Hister merdarius Hoff.). 
Sick, 1940: Specht, Taube, Krahe, Buntspecht, Hohltaube. Mausbussard, 

birds' nests; {Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 
Spittle, 1949a: Strix aluco sylvatica Shaw; {Hister merdarius Hoff.). 
Walker, 1932: Owl; {Hister merdarius Hoffm.). 
Williams, 1927: Starling; {Hister merdarius }ioli.) . 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests, Columba sp.; {Hister merdarius Hoff.). 

Hister (Hister) neglectus Germar 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Colaeus {sic) monedula L., Dryocopus 
martius L. ; {Hister neglectus Germ.). 

Hister (Hister) purpurascens Herbst 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Columba oenas L.; {Hister 
purpurascens Hbst.). 

Hister (Hister) stercorarius HofTmann 
Roubal, 1930: Birds' nests; {Hister stercorarius Hoffm.). 

Hister (Hister) striola Sahlberg 
Joy, 1930: Buteo vulgaris; {Hister striola Sahib.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Hister succicola Thoms.). 



63 

Hister (Hister) ventralis Marseul 

Roubal, 1930: Birds" nests; {Hister ventralis Marsh.). 

Hololepta (Hololepta) plana (Fuessly) 

Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) nionedula L.; {Hololepta plana Sutzer). 

Onthophilus sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 

Onthophilus striatus (Forster) 
Fowler, 1889: Birds' nests; {Onthophilus striatus F.). 

Paromalus (Microlomalus) flavicornis (Herbst) 
Roubal, 191 7: Hoopoe; {Paromalus flavicornis Hhst.) . 

Plegaderus sp. 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. 

Plegaderus caesus (Herbst) 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Jackdaw; {Plegaderus caesus Hbst.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Dryobates 

major L.; {Plegaderus caesus Hbst.). 
Rapp, 1933: Birds' nests; {Plegaderus caesus Hbst.). 

— , 1935: Bird's nest; {Plegaderus caesus 'iiih?,t.). 

Roubal, 19 13: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; {Plegaderus caesus 
Herbst). 

Plegaderus discisus Erichson 
Leleup, 1947a: Little tawny owl. 

— , 1947c: Birds' nests, chouette cheveche. 

— , I947e: Carine noctua vidaii (sic) (Brehm). 

Plegaderus dissectus Erichson 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Specht. 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Woodpecker. 
Gerhard, 1909: Dohle, Specht. 
Leleup, 1947c: Colurnba oenas L.. birds' nests, pigeon colombin. 

— , i947h: Colurnba oenas L. 

Saprinus sp. 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris: {Saprinus n. sp.). 
Stein. 1843: Passer rusticus L. 

Saprinus (Saprinus) aeneus (Fabricius) 
Dale, 1878: Stock dove; {Saprinus aeneus Fab.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Motacilla alba L., Hirundo rustica L., Colaeus (sic) 
monedula L.; {Saprinus aeneus Fabr. ). 



64 

Saprinus (Saprinus) conformis Leconte 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; (Saprinus conformis Casey). 

Saprinus (Saprinus) obscurus Leconte 

Lee and Ryckman, 1954: Speotyto cunicularia hypogaea (sic) (Bona- 
parte) ; [Saprinus obscurus Le Conte). 

Saprinus (Saprinus) rugifer (Paykull) 
Cornelius, 1869: Hirundo riparia; (Saprinus rugifer). 
Douglas, 1871 : Hirundo riparia; (Saprinus rugifer). 

Saprinus (Saprinus) semistriatus (Scriba) 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Saprinus semistriatus Scrib.). 

Leleup, I947d: Coloeus monedula spermologus (Vieill.) ; {Saprinus ni- 
tidulus F.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Sa- 
prinus nitidulus Fabr.). 

Rapp, 1933: Starling; {Saprinus semistriatus Scrib.). 

— , 1935: Starling; {Saprinus semistriatus Scrih.) . 

Saprinus (Saprinus) virescens (Paykull) 
Fowler and Donisthrope, 1913: Sand-martin; {Saprinus vir esc en?, Payk.). 

Family HYDROPHILIDAE 
Undetermined 

Paulian, 1950: Nycticorax sp. 

Anacaena limbata (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Anacaena limbata F.). 

— , 1937: Moorhen; {Anacaena limbata F.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Anacaena limbata 'P.). 

Cercyon (Paracercyon) analis (Paykull) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Cercyoji analis Pk.). 

— , 1931c: Swan; {Cercyon analis Payk.). 

— , 1937: Swan; {Cercyon analis Payk.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Cercyon analis Vdiy^..). 

Cercyon (Cercyon) convexiusculus Stephens 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Cercyon lugubris Payk.). 

— , 1937: Moorhen; {Cercyon lugubris Payk.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Cercyon lugubris Payk.). 

Cercyon (Cercyon) haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Cercyon haemorrhoidalis Y .) . 

— , 1931c: Moorhen; {Cercyon flavipes F.) . 



65 

Donisthorpe, ig35a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Cercyon flavipes F.). 

— , 1937: Moorhen; {Cercyon flavipes ¥.). 
■ — , 1939: Moorhen; (Cercyon flavipes ¥.). 

Roubal, 191 7: Krahe; {Cercyon haemorrhoidalis F.). 

Cercyon (Cercyon) impressus (Sturm) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Cercyon haemorrhoidalis Hbst.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Cercyon haemorrhoidalis Wost.) . 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Cercyon impressus Sturm), 

Cercyon (Ercycon) littoralis (Gyllenhal) 
Joy, 1908: Gannet, shag; {Cercyon littoralis Gyll.). 

Cercyon (Cercyon) melanocephalus (Linnaeus) 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Cercyon melanocephalus L. ' . 

Cercyon (Cercyon) nigriceps (Marsham) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Cercyon nigriceps Mrsh.). 

Cercyon (Cercyon) quisquilius (Linnaeus) 
Roubal, 1917: Hoopoe; {Cercyon quisquilius L,.) . 

Cercyon (Cercyon) unipunctatus (Linnaeus) 
Szekessy, 1944: Stork; {Cercyon unipunctatus L,.) . 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Cercyon unipunctatus L.). 
Weber, 1938: Stork; {Cercyon unipunctatus L.). 

Cercyon (Dicyrtocercyon) ustulatus (Preyssler) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Cercyon haemorrhous GyW.) . 
- — , 1939: Swan; {Cercyon haemorrhous GyW.) . 

Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L.; {Cercyon ustulatus 
Preys. ) . 

Coelostoma orbiculare (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Cyclonotum orbiculare F.). 

— , 1937: Moorhen; {Cyclonotum orbiculare F.). 
— - , 1939: Moorhen; {Cyclonotum orbiculare F.). 

Spittle, 1949b: Fulica atra atra L., Podiceps cristatus cristatus L. 
{Coelostoma orbiculare F.). 

Cryptopleurum crenatum (Kugelann) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Cryptopleurum atomarium Muls.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Cryptopleurum atomarium Muls.). 

Cryptopleurum minutum (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Cryptopleurum atomarium Ol.). 



66 

Enochrus sp. 
Hicks, 1953: Chlidonias nigra surinamensis (Gmelin). 

Enochrus (Methydrus) sp. 
Hicks, 1953: Chlidonias nigra surinamensis (Gmelin). 

Enochrus (Lumetus) testaceus (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Water-fowl; {Philydrus testaceus F.). 

— ■ ? 1939: Water-fowl; {Philydrus testaceus F.) . 
Spittle, 1949b: Fulica atra atra L.; {Enochrus testaceus F.). 

Helophorus (Atractelophorus) brevipalpis Bedel 

Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Helophorus brevipalpis Bed.). 

Hydrous (Hydrous) piceus (Linnaeus) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Hydrous piceus L.). 

Laccobius (Laccobius) minutus (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Turdus merula L.; {Laccobius minutus L.). 

Limnebius (Limnebius) nitidus (Marsham) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Limnebius nitidus Marsh.). 

— , 1937: Moorhen; {Limnebius nitidus Marsh.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Limnebius nitidus Marsh.) . 

Limnebius (Bolimnius) picinus (Marsham) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.); {Limnebius picinus Mrsh.). 

— , ig^o: Ciconia ciconia h.; {Limnebius picinus Mrsh.) . 

Megasternum boletophagum (Marsham) 

Blair, 1931: Rook; {Megasternum boletophagum Marsh.). 

Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Megasternum 
obscurum (Marsh.)). 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Turdus merula L., Perdix cinerea Lath.; {Megaster- 
num boletophagum Mrsh.). 

Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. corone L.; {Megasternum boletophagum 
Marsh.). 

Walker, 1938: Puffin; (Megasternum boletophagum). 

Ochthebius (Asiobates) bicolon Germar 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Ochthebius bicolon Germ.). 

— , 1937: Moorhen; {Ochthebius bicolor (sic) Germ.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Ochthebius bicolor (sic) Germ.). 

Ochthebius (Homalochthebius) impressus (Marsham) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Ochthebius impressus Mrsh.). 



67 

Ochthebius (Ochthebius) marinus (Paykull) 
Nordberg, 1936: Somateria mollissima L., Larus canus L., L. juscus L., 
Sterna macrura Naumann; {Ochtebius (sic) marinus Payk.). 

Family LATHRIDIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Klippel, 1952: Birds' nests. 

Gartodere sp. 

Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Gartodere elegans (Aube) 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Gartodere elegans Aube). 

— , 1948: Delichon urbica L., Storch; {Gartodere elegans Aube). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Delichon urbica; {Gartodere elegans 
Aube). 

Gartodere elongata (Curtis) 

Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Gartodere elon- 
gata Curt.). 

Gartodere filiformis (Gyllenhal) 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Hirundo rustica 
L.; (Gartodere jilijormis). 

— , 1938a: Elster, Gimpel, Wacholderdrossel, Singdrossel, Weindros- 
sel, Amsel, weisse Bachstelze, Trauerfliegenschnapper, Gartenrot- 
schwanz, Dohle, Haussperling, Rauchschwalbe, Feldsperling; {Gar- 
todere jilijormis Gyll.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Gartodera (sic) jilijormis Gyll.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Pica pica L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L.. Turdus pilaris L., 
T. philomelus (sic) Brehm, T. musicus L., T. merula L., Passer do- 
mesticus L., Motacilla alba L., Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Phoeni- 
curus phoenicurus L., Hirundo rustica L., Golaeus (sic) monedula 
L.; {Gartodere jilijormis Gyll.). 

Szekessy, 1944: Giconia ciconia (L.) ; {Gartodere jilijormis Gyll.). 

— , 1948: Delichon urbica L., Golumba domestica L.; {Gartodere ji- 
lijormis Gyll.). 

— • , 1950: Giconia ciconia L., Pica pica, Pyrrhula pyrrhula, Turdus pi- 
laris, T. philornelos, T. musicus, T. merula. Passer domesticus, Mo- 
tacilla alba, Muscicapa hypoleuca, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Hi- 
rundo rustica, Delichon urbica, Golaeus (sic) monedula, Golumba 
domestica; {Gartodere jilijormis Gyll.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Gartodere filum (Aube) 
Leleup, 1947c: Sittelle; {Gartodere (s. str.) jilum Aub.). 



68 

Cartodere ruficollis (Marsham) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Stork. 
Boyd, 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Cartodere ruficollis Marsh.). 

— , 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Cartodere ruficollis Marsh.) 
Dingier, 1928: Stork; {Cartodere ruficollis Marsh.). 

Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica: (Cartodere ruficollis). 
Everts, 1922: Stork; {Cartodere ruficollis Mrsh.). 
Hinton, 1941: Stork. 

— , 1945: Stork. 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Cartodera (sic) ruficollis Mrsh.). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Stork; {Cartodere ruficollis Msh.). 

Linsley, 1944: Stork. 

Reitter, 191 1: Stork; {Cartodere (Cartodererna) ruficollis 'iAv^h..) . 

Szekessy, 1944: Stork; {Cartodere ruficollis Marsh.). 

Weber, 1938: Stork; {Cartodere ruficollis Mrsh.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Corticaria crenicollis Mannerheim 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Corticaria elongata (Gyllenhal) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Nordberg, 1936: Certhia familiaris L.; {Corticaria elongata Gyll.). 
Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; {Corticaria elongata 
Gyll.). 

Corticaria foveola Beck 
Nordberg, 1936: Turdus pilaris L., Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall. 

Corticaria fulva (Comolli) 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Corticaria fulva Com.). 

Corticaria pubescens (Gyllenhal) 
Bickhardt, 191 1: Schwarzdrossel. 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Corticaria pubescens Gyll.). 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Bird's nest; {Corticaria pubescens Gyll.). 

— , 1939: Bird's nest; {Corticaria pubescens GyW.) . 
Hinton, 1941 : Bird's nest. 

— , 1945: Bird's nest. 

Kemper, 1938a: Nebelkrahe, Haussperling, Mauersegler, Ganseager; 

{Corticaria pubescens Gyll.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Corticaria pubescens Gyll.). 
Linsley, 1944: Birds' nests. 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Passer dornesticus L., Apus apus L., 

Mergus merganser L.; {Corticaria pubescens Gyll.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 



69 

Corticaria serrata (Paykull) 

Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe; [Corticaria serrata Payk.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Corticaria serrata Payk.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Regulus regulus L., Turdus philo- 
melus (sic) Brehm, Turdus musicus L., Passer domesticus L., 
Motacilla alba L., Certhia familiaris L., Parus major L., P. ater L., 
Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Hirundo 
rustica L., Delichon urhica L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Corti- 
caria serrata Payk.). 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Corticaria serrata Payk.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Corvus comix, Regulus regulus, Turdus 
philomelos, T. musicus. Passer domesticus, Motacilla alba, Certhia 
familiaris, Parus major, P. ater, Muscicapa hypoleuca, Phoenicurus 
phoenicurus, Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica, Colaeus (sic) mone- 
dula: {Corticaria serrata Payk.). 

Enicmus sp. 

Kemper. 1938: Hirundo rustica L. 

Enicmus histrio Joy & Tomlin 
Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop. 
Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L. 

Enicmus minutus (Linnaeus) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Storch, Schwarzdrossel: {Enicmus minutus L.). 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Enicmus minutus L.). 

Boyd, 1935a: Passer montanus montanus ; {Enicmus minutus L.). 
Donisthorpe. 1931c: Moorhen; {Enicmus minutus L..) . 

— , 1937: Birds* nests; {Enicmus minutus L.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Enicmus minutus L.). 
Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Enicmus minutus). 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon, sparrow, Meise, Rotschwanz; {Enicmus mi- 
nutus L.). 

— , 19 15: Columba domcstica L., Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium 
aluco Boie., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoenicurus 
Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L. ; {Enicmus minu- 
tus L.). 

Hinton, 1941: Stork. 

— , 1945: Stork. 

Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus; {Enicmus minutus Linn.). 
Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe; {Enicmus minutus L,.) . 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Delichon urbica L.; (Enicmus 
minutus). 

— , 1938a: Haussperling, Haustaube, Gimpel, Buchfink, Singdrossel, 
Weindrossel, Amsel, weisse Bachstelze, Waldbaumlaufer, Tannen- 
meise, Trauerfliegenschnapper, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauchschwalbe, 
Dohle, Star. Hohltaube. Mehlschwalbe ; [Enicmus minutus L.). 



70 

Lack, 1933: Snow-bunting; {Enicmus minutus Linn.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; [Enicmus minutus L.). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Stork; {Enicmus minutus h.) . 

Linsley, 1944: Stork. 

Nordberg, 1936: Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Fringilla coelebs L., Turdus phi- 
lomelus (sic) Brehm, T. musicus L., T. merula L., Passer dome- 
sticus L., Motacilla alba L., Certhia familiaris L., Parus ater L., 
Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Hirundo 
rustica L., Delichon urbica L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Sturnus 
vulgaris L., Columba oenas L.; [Enicmus minutus L. ) . 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; [Enicmus minutus L.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests. 

Schaufuss, 1 9 16: Stork. 

Spittle, 1949a: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm; [Enicmus minutus L.). 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; [Enicmus minutus L.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; [Enicmus minutus L.). 

Strand, 1942: Schneesperling; [Enicmus minutus L.). 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; [Enicmus minutus L.). 

— , ig^8: Motacilla alba L,.; [Enicmus minutus h.) . 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula, Fringilla coelebs, 
Turdus philomelos, T. musicus, T. merula. Passer domesticus, Mo- 
tacilla alba, Certhia familiaris, Parus ater, Muscicapa hypoleuca, 
Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica, Co- 
laeus (sic) monedula, Sturnus vulgaris, Colurnba oenas; [Enicmus 
minutus L.). 

Weber, 1938: Stork; [Enicmus minutus h.) . 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Enicmus rugosus (Herbst) 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; [Enicmus rugosus Hbst.). 

Enicmus transversus (Olivier) 
Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L.; [Enicjnus transversus Ol.). 

Holoparamecus caularum (Aube) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; [Holoparamecus caularum Aube) 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; [Holoparamecus caularum Aube). 

Lathridius sp. 

Cornelius, 1869: Cypselus apus, Hirundo rustica, Hirundo urbica. 

Douglas, 1 871: Sturnus vulgaris, Cypselus apus, Hirundo rustica, Hi- 
rundo urbica. 

Jussel, 1905: Swallow. 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Delichon urbica L., Hirundo ru- 
stica L., Haustaube. Passer domesticus L.; [Lathridus (sic) sp.). 

— , 1938a: Haussperling, Mehlschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe, Haustaube. 



71 

Lathridius bergrothi Reitter 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Lathridius lardarius (DeGeer) 

Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; [Lathridius lardarius 
DeGeer) . 

Lathridius nodifer Westwood 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula rnelophilus Hart. 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Turdus merula L.; {Coninomus nodifer Westw.). 
O'Mahony, 1939b: Song thrush; (Lathridius nodifer Reitt.). 
Rosenberg, 1913: Bird's nest. 

Melanophthalma sp. 

Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests. 
Judd, 1954: Agelaius phoeniceus. 
Linsley, 1944: Robin. 

Melanophthalma (Corticarina) sp. 

Judd, 1954: Agelaius phoeniceus. 

Melanophthalma americana (Mannerheim) 
Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius Linn.; (Melanophthalma 
(Corticarina) americanus (Mannh.)). 

Melanophthalma distinguenda (Comolli) 

Judd, 1954: Agelaius phoeniceus. 

McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis, Planesticus migratorius ; (Me- 
lanophthalma distinguenda ComolU) . 

Szekessy, 1948: Delichon urbica L.; (Melanophthalma distinguenda 
Comolli). 

Melanophthalma fuscula (Gyllenhal) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; (Melanophthalma fuscula Humm.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; (Melaiiophthalma fuscula Humm.). 
Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L.; (Corticarina fuscula Gyll.). 

Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. corone L.; (Melanophthalma fuscula Gyll.). 

— , ig^gh : Fulica atra atraL.; (Corticarina fuscula GyW.) . 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; (Corticarina fuscula Gyll.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; (Corticarina fuscula (Gyll.)). 

Melanophthalma gibbosa (Herbst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; (Melanophthalma gibbosa Hhst.) . 

— , 1937: Swan; (Melanophthalma gibbosa Hbst.). 

— , 1939: Swan; (Melanophthalma gibbosa Hhst.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; (Corticarina gibbosa (Herbst)). 



72 

Melanophthalma similata (Gyllenhal) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivonis L.; {Corticarina similata Gyllenhal). 

Melanophthalma transversalis (Gyllenhal) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Melanophthalma transversalis Gyll.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Delichon urbica L.; {Melanophthalma transversalis 

Gyll.). 
Szekessy, 1948: Delichon urbica L. : {Melanophthalma transversalis 

Gyll.). 

Family LEPTINIDAE 
Leptinus testaceus Miiller 
Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop. 
Parks and Barnes, 1955: Tyto alba Scop. 

Family MELOIDAE 
Lytta cyanipennis Leconte 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine); {Lytta cyanipennis Say, 
Lytta cyanipennis Leconte). 

Family MELOLONTHIDAE 
Melolontha melolontha (Linnaeus) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. ; {Melolontha melolontha L.). 

Family MELYRIDAE 
Malachius aeneus (Linnaeus) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Robin; {Malachius aeneus). 

Family MONOTOMIDAE 
Monotonia bicolor Villa 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 
- — . 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 

Monotonia longicollis Gyllenhal 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Bird's nest. 
— . 1939: Bird's nest. 

Family MORDELLIDAE 
Anaspis maculata Fourcroy 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Dendrocopus medius Koch, Pica viridis L. 

Mordellistena (Mordellistena) infima Leconte 
McAtee, 1929: Troglodytes aedon; (Mordellistena infima LeConte). 



73 

Family MYCETAEIDAE 

Mycetaea hirta (Marsham) 
Leleup, 1947c: Choucas; (Mycetaea hirta Mnh. (sic)). 
Linsley, 1944: Owl; (Mycetaea hirta Marsh.). 
Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L.; (Mycetaea hirta Marsh.). 

— , 1936: Birds' nests; (Mycetaea hirta Mannh.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; (Mycetaea hirta Marsh.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; (Mycotaea (sic) hirta 

Marsh. ) . 
Walker, 1896: Owl; (Mycetaea hirta). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Family MYCETOPHAGIDAE oOs'^V^ 

Undetermined ^ *<»• <5^, 

Kemper. 1938: Passer domesticus L. ; (Mycerhophagiden) . »A^*A.i<V I ^G*! 

Litargus connexus (Fourcroy) \^ \ ^ / Cv' 
Leleup. 1947c: Bird's nest: {Litargus connexus Geoffr.). \^^^"^^ S^ 

V ^ >^ 

Mycetophagus quadripustulatus (Linnaeus 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Typhaea stercorea (Linnaeus) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; (Typhaea stercorea L.). 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; (Typhaea jurnata L.). 

— , 1931c: Moorhen; (Typhaea jurnata 1^.) . 

— . 1938: Swan, moorhen ; (Typhaea jumatalu.) . 

— , 1939: Swan, moorhen; (Typhaea jumata L.). 
Hinton, 1 945 : Swan, moorhen. 

Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe; (Typhaea jumata L.). 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Delichon urbica 

L.; (Typhaea stercoraria). Hirundo rustica L. ; (Typhaea stercoraia 
(sic)). 

— , 1938a: HaussperHng, Feldsperling. Raiichschwalbe. Mehlschwalbe; 
(Typhaea stercoraria L. ) . 

Szekessy, 1944: Stork; (Typhoea (sic) stercoraria 1^.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; (Typhaea stercorea L.). 
Weber. 1938: Stork; (Typhaea stercoraria \u.). 

Family NITIDULIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Bird's nest, estrildid. 
Kirschenblatt, 1936: Birds" nests. 



74 

Epuraea limbata (Fabricius) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Omosiphora limbata F.). 
Roubal, 1936: Birds's nests; {Epuraea limbata F.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Omosiphora limbata F.). 

Epuraea melina Erichson 

Leleup, 1947c: Chouette cheveche; {Epuraea (s. str.) melina Er.). 

Glischrochilus fasciatus (Olivier) 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Glistrochilus (sic) fasciatus Olivier). 

Meligethes aeneus (Fabricius) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Szekessy, 1948: Hirundo rustica L. 

Omosita colon (Linnaeus) 
Joy, 1909a: Cormorant, gull; {Omosita colon L.). 

Omosita discoidea (Fabricius) 

Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Omosita discoidea F.). 

— , 1937: Hawk; {Omosita discoidea F.). 

— . 1939: Hawk; {Omosita discoidea F.). 

Family ORTHOPERIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Bird's nest. 

Hicks, 1953: Richmondena cardinalis cardinalis (Linnaeus), Coccyzus 

americanus americanus (Linnaeus). 
Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae. 

Aposericorderus piceus Paulian 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp., bird's nest. 

Aposericorderus variegatus Paulian 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Arthrolips flavicollis Matthews 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Munia striata. 
Scott, 191 7: Munia striata. 

Arthrolips piceus (Comolli) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Arthrolips piceus Com.). 



75 

Corylophomimus nidicola Delamare-Deboutteville & Paulian 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Corylophomi- 
mus nidicola.) 
■ — , 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Corylophus cassidoides (Marsham) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Corylophus cassidoides Mrsh.). 

Lewisium sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Tisserin de Birmanie. 

Lewisium suturale Paulian 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Lewisium 
suturale). 
— , 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Orthoperus sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Munia striata. 
Scott, 191 7: Munia striata, blackbird or thrush. 

Orthoperus muniae Scott 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Munia striata. 
Scott, 191 7: Munia striata. 

Sacium sp. 

Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius Linnaeus. 

Family OSTOMATIDAE 

Tenebrioides mauritanicus (Linnaeus) 

Bickhardt, 191 1: Taubenschlag; {Tenebroides (sic) mauretanicus 

(sic) L.). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Pigeon; {Tenebrioides mauritanicus L.). 
Gerhard, 1909: Taubenschlag; {Tenebrioides mauritanicus L.). 
Johnson, 1932: Starling; {Tenebroides (sic) mauritanicus). 
Kemper, 1938a: Haustaube, Dohle; {Tenebrioides mauretanicus 

(sic) L.). 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L.; {Tenebrioides mauritanicus L.). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Taubenschlag; {Tenebrioides mauritanicus L.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Tenebroides (sic) maure- 
tanicus (sic) L.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.); {Tenebrioides mauritajiicus L.). 
— ■ , 1948: Columba domestica L.; {Tenebrioides mauritanicus L.). 
- — , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Colaeus (sic) monedula, Columba do- 
mestica; {Tenebrioides mauritanicus L.). 



76 

Family PHALACRIDAE 
Olibrus aeneus (Fabricius) 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests: (Olibrus aeneus Fabr. ). 

Phalacrus sp. 

McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis, Planesticus migratorius. 

Family PSELAPHIDAE 
Undetermined 

Jeannel. 1950: Birds" nests. 

Bibloplectus minutissimus (Aube) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. ; (Bibloplectus minutissimus Aube). 

Bibloporus bicolor (Denny) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; [Bibloporus bicolor Denny). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Bibloporus bicolor Denny). 

Bolbobythus burrelli (Denny) 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; (Bythinus bur- 
relli Den. ) . 

Euplectus karsteni (Reichenbach) 

Bickhardt. 1907a: Birds" nests; {Euplectus tomlini Joy) . 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; {Euplectus tomlini ]oy). 

— , i9ii:Specht; {Euplectus karsteyii Keichenh.) . 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds" nests; {Euplectus tomlini Joy, Euplectus 
karsteni Reich.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Euplectus tomlini Joy, Euplectus karsteni 
Reich.). 

Everts, 1922: Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Euplectus tomlini Joy). 

Falcoz, 1914: Woodpecker; {Euplectus karsteni Reich.). 

Fowler and Donisthorpe, 191 3: Starling; {Euplectus tomlini Joy). 

Gerhard, 1909: Dohle, Specht; {Euplectus karsteni Reichb.). 

Jeannel, 1950: Woodpecker; [Euplectus karsteni Reichb.). Bird's nest; 

{Euplectus tomlini Joy). 
Joy, 1906b: Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Euplectus tomlini Joy). 

— , 1906c: Birds' nests, starling; {Euplectus tomlini Joy). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Euplectus karsteni B>.eich..) . 

Nordberg, 1936: Turdus philomelus (sic) Brehm, Motacilla alba L., 
Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L., 
Apus apus L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Dryocopus martius L., 
Dryobates major L., Falco tinnunculus L.; {Euplectus karsteni 
Reich.). 

Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Euplectus tomlini Joy). 



77 

Sg., 1907: Birds' nests; {Euplectus tomlini Joy.) 

Sick, 1939: Bird's nest; {Euplectus karsteni fagniezi Raffr.). 

— , 1940: Waldkauz; {Euplectus karsteni jagniezi Raffr., Euplectus 
karsteni var. falsus Bedel). 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Euplectus karsteni \-ar. falsus 
Bedel). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Strigidae, Turdus philomelos, Motacilla 
alba, Muscicapa hypoleuca, Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica, Apus 
apus, Colaeus (sic) rnonedula, Dryocopus martius, Dryobates major, 
Falco tinnunculus: {Euplectus karsteni var. falsus Bedel). 

Euplectus nanus (Reichenbach) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Bird's nest; {Euplectus najius Reich.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Euplectus nanus Reich.). 
Joy, 1906a: Starling; {Euplectus nanus Reich.). 
Rapp, 1935: Bird's nest; {Euplectus nanus Reich.). 
Sick, 1940: Waldkauz; {Euplectus nanus Reichb.). 

Euplectus piceus Motschulsky 
Franck and Sokolowski, 1930: Bird's nest. 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Sick, 1939: Bird's nest. 

Euplectus punctatus Mulsant 
Joy, 1906a: Owl, starling. 

Euplectus sanguineus Denny 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 

Euplectus signatus (Reichenbach) 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Euplectus (s. str.) signatus Reichn.). Old 

bird's nest; {Euplectus signatus Reichnb.). 
Szekessy, 1944: CicoJiia ciconia (L.) ; {Euplectus signatus Reichb.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. ; {Euplectus signatus Reichb.). 

Family PTILIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Kirschenblatt, 1936: Birds' nests; (Trichopteridae). 

Acrotrichis sp. 

Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Tricopteryx sp.) . 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) atomaria (DeGeer) 

Heselhaus, 1915: Dendrocopus rnedius Koch, Picus viridis L.; {Tricho- 

pteryx atomaria DeGeer). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Acrotrichis atomaria Deg.). 



78 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) brevipennis (Erichson) 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.); {Acrotrichis brevipennis Er.). 

— . 1948: Corvus comix L. ; [Acrotrichis brevipennis Er.). 

■ — , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Corvus comix; [Acrotrichis brevipennis 

Er.). 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) championi (Matthews) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; [Acrotrichis 
championi (Matth.)). 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) fascicularis (Herbst) 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Turdus merula L.; [Trichopteryx fascicularis Hbst.). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; [Acrotrichis fascicularis Hrbst.). 
Schmaus, 1936: Mausebussard ; [Acrotrichis fascularis (sic)). 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) fratercula (Matthews) 

Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; [Trichopteryx fratercula Ma.tth.) . 

— , 1937: Swan, moorhen; [Trichopteryx fratercula 'M.a.tth.). 

— , 1939: Swan, moorhen; [Trichopteryx fratercula 'M.a.tth.). 

Acrotrichis (Ctenopteryx) grandicollis (Mannerheim) 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L.; [Acrostrichius (sic) grandicollis 
Munch.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Haliaetus (sic) 
albicilla L., Accipiter nisus L., Falco tinnunculus L.; [Trichopteryx 
grandicollis Mann. ) . 

Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L.; [Acrotrichis grandi- 
collis Man.). 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Bubo bubo, Falco peregrinus, 
Haliaeetus albicilla, Accipiter nisus, Falco tinnunculus ; [Acrotrichis 
grandicollis Mannh. ) . 

Acrotrichis (Ctenopteryx) montandoni (Allibert) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; [Trichopteryx montandoni AW.) . 

— , 1939: Swan; [Trichopteryx montandoni AW.). 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) intermedia (Gillmeister) 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; [Acrotrichis in- 
termedia Gillm..) 

— , 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; [Acrotrichis inter- 
media (Gill.)). 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; [Acrotrichis intermedia Gillm.). 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) rugulosa Rosskothen 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; [Acrotrichis rugulosa Rossk.). 



79 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) sericans (Heer) 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. ; {Acrotrichis sericans Heer). 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) silvatica Rosskothen 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Acrotrichis silvatica Rossk.). 

Acrotrichis (Acrotrichis) thoracica (Waltl) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Trichopteryx brevicornis Mots.). 

Ptenidium (Ptenidium) fuscicorne Erichson 
Szekessy, 1948: Corvus comix L.; {Ptenidium fuscicorne Er.). 

Ptenidium (Gressnerium) gressneri Erichson 
Joy, 1906a: Starling; {Ptenidium gressneri Er.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Ptenidium Gressneri Er.). Choucas; 
{Ptenidium (Gressnerium) Gressneri Er.). 

Ptenidium (Gillmeisterium) nitidum (Heer) 

Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Ptenidium nitidum Heer). 

— , 1937: Swan; {Ptenidium nitidum Heer). 

— . 1939: Swan; {Ptenidium nitidum Heer). 

Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Ptenidium niti- 
dum (Heer) ). 

Ptenidium (Ptenidium) pusillum (Gyllenhal) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Ptenidium pusillum Gyll.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Ptenidium pusillum Gyll.). 

Ptenidium (Matthewsium) turgidum Thomson 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Bird's nest; {Ptenidium turgidum Th.). 
■ — , 1939: Bird's nest; {Ptenidium turgidum Th..) . 

Ptiliola (Nanoptilia) kunzei (Heer) 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Ptilium kunzei Heer) . 

— , 1939: Swan; {Ptilium kunzei Heer) . 

Ptinella aptera (Guerin-Meneville) 
Leleup, 1947c: Mesange charbonniere ; {Ptinella aptera Guer.). 

— . 1947J: Parus major L. ; {Ptinella aptera Guer.). 

Family PTINIDAE 
Undetermined 

Kemper, 1938: Passer montanus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Hi- 

rundo rustica L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L. 
Uhlmann, 1938: Sparrow, pigeon. 
Woodrof f e and Southgate, 1 95 1 b : Sparrow. 



8o 

Mezium affine Boieldieu 
Hall and Howe, 1953: Birds' nest. 
Howe and Bulges, 1953: Sparrow, pigeon. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Columba sp. 

Mezium americanum (Laporte) 
Linsley, 1944: Sparrow; {Mezium americanum Laporte). 
Mallis, 1945: Sparrow in Hawaii. 
Zimmerman, 1940: Sparrow; {Mezium americanum Laporte). 

Niptus hololeucus (Faldermann) 
Hall and Howe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Howe and Burges, 1952: Jackdaw, blackbird, sparrow, pigeon. 
Jeannel, 1909: Swallow, pigeon; {Niptus hololeucus Faldermann). 
Kemper, 1938: Hirundo rustica L.; (Niptus hololeucus). 

— , 1938a: Rauchschwalbe; {Niptus hololeucus Fa.\d.) . 
Leruth, 1935: Swallow, pigeon; {Niptus hololeucus Fald.). 
Lloyd, 1945: Jackdaw; {Niptus hololeucus FaW. (sic)). 
Roubal, 1936: Birds' nests; {Niptus hololeucus Fald.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Niptus hololeucus Fald.). 

Pseudeurostus hilleri (Reitter) 
Hall and Howe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Eurostus hilleri (Reitter)). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp. 

Ptinus sp. 

Cornelius, 1869: Cypselus apus, Hirundo rustica, H. urbica. 
Douglas, 187 1 : Hirundo rustica, H. urbica. 
Kemper, 1938: Delichon urbica L. 

Ptinus bicinctus Sturm 

Everts, 1922: Pigeon. 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon. 

— , 19 15: Columba domestica L. 
Kemper, 1938a: Haustaube. 

Ptinus fur (Linnaeus) 

Bickhardt, 191 1 : Taubenschlag; {Ptinus fur L.). 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 1952: 
Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw, swallow; (Ptinus fur). 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin; (Ptinus fur). 

Eichler, 1937a: Pigeon; {Ptinus fur L.) . 

Falcoz, 1914: Pigeon; {Ptinus fur L..) . 

Fowler, 1890: Birds' nests; {Ptinus fur L.). 

Gerhard, 1909: Taubenschlag; {Ptinus fur L.). 

Godan, 1952a: Haussperling, Feldsperling, Gartenrotschwanz, Rauch- 
schwalbe, Kohlmeise, Amsel, Buchfink, birds' nests; {Ptinus fur L.). 



8i 

Hall and Howe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Herter, 1953: Swallow, starling; (Ptinus fur). 

Heselhaus, 1914: Pigeon; {Pti7ius fur h.) . 

— , 1915: Columha domestica L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., 
Erithacus phoenicurus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris 
L.; (Ptinus fur L.) . 

Howe and Burges, 1951 : Robin. 

Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe, Hausschwalbe; [Ptinus fur L.). 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Parus major L., 

Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Delichon urbica L., Hirundo rustica 

L., Haustaube; (Ptinus fur). 

— , 1938a: Haustaube, Haussperling, Feldsperling, Gartenrotschwanz, 
Rauchschwalbe, Mehlschwalbe, Kohlmeise, Amsel, Buchfink, weisse 
Bachstelze, Dohle, Sialia sialis, Troglodytes aedon; {Ptinus fur L.). 

— , 1939a: Birds' nests; {Ptinus fur L.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests, Taubenschlag; {Ptinus fur L.). 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Ptinus (n. str.) fur L.). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meise; {Ptinus fur L.). 
Leruth, 1935: Pigeon; {Ptinus fur l^.) . 

— , 1939: Pigeon; {Ptinus fur 'L.) . 

Linsley, 1944: Robin, house wren, bluebird; {Ptinus fur L.) . 
Low, 1867: Hirundo rustica Linn., Chelidoji urbica Boie.; {Ptinus fur L.) . 
McAtee, 1929: Troglodytes aedon, Sialia sialis; {Ptinus fur L.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Fringilla coelebs L., Motacilla alba L., Parus major L., 

Delichon urbica L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Columba domestica 

L.; {Pti7ius fur L.) . 
Resch, 1874: Swallow; (Ptinus fur). 
Rye, 1873: Pigeon; {Ptinus fur h.) . 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L.; {Ptinus fur L.). 
Spittle, 1949a: Strix aluco syluatica Shaw; {Ptinus fur L.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Ptinus fur L.). 
— • , 1948: Motacilla alba L., Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L., 

Columba domestica L.; {Ptinus fur L.) . 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Fringilla coelebs, Motacilla alba, Parus 
major, Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica, Colaeus (sic) monedula, 
Columba domestica; {Ptinus fur L.). 

Taschenberg, 1892: Swallow; (Ptinus fur). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Tadorna tadorjia (L.), Passer domesticus (L.), Deli- 
chon urbica (L.), Hirundo rustica L.,Corvus monedula h., Columba 
sp. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon 
urbica (L.). 

Zacher, 1939a: Swallow, starling; {Ptinus fur L.). 



Ptinus gandolphei Pic 

Linsley, 1944: Barn owl. 



82 

Ptinus hirtellus Sturm 

Everts, 1903a: Swallow; {Ptinus brunneus Duhschmid) . 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L.. Parus major L., 
Hirundo rustica L.; (Ptinus brunneus). 

— . 1938a: Haussperling. Feldsperling. Rauchschwalbe. Kohlmeise; 
{Ptinus brunneus Duftschmid). 

— , 1939a: Sparrow; {Ptinus brunneus T>ui\.?.ch.rmd) . 
Linsley, 1944: Passer domesticus. 

McAtee, 1929: Passer domesticus; [Ptinus brunneus Duftschmid). 
Woodroffe, 1954: Sparrow. 

Ptinus pusillus Sturm 
Hall and Howe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp., Passer domesticus (L.), Hirundo ru- 
stica L., Delichon urbica (L.), Corvus monedula L. 

Ptinus raptor Sturm 

Roiibal. 1936: Parus sp. 

Ptinus rufipes Olivier 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L.; (Ptinus rufipes). 

— - , 1938a: Nebelkrahe. Hohltaube; {Ptinus rufipes Fhr.) . 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Columba oenas L. ; {Ptinus rufipes 
Fabr.). 

Ptinus sexpunctatus Panzer 

Blair, 1924: House sparrow. 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 1952: 

Sparrow, martin; (Ptinus sexpunctatus). 
Hall and Howe. 1953: Birds' nests. 
Hinton, 1940: House martin. 
Howe and Burges, 1951 : House martin. 
Linsley, 1944: House martin. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica (L.). 

Ptinus subpilosus Sturm 
Hall and Howe, 1953: Birds' nests. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Tadorna tadorna (L.). 

Ptinus tectus Boieldieu 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 1952: 

Sparrow, pigeon, swallow; (Ptinus tectus). 
Donisthorpe, 1947: Pigeon. 

Eichler, 1937a: Turdus merula merula; (Ptinus tectus). 
Hall and Howe, 1953: Birds' nests. 
Herter, 1953: Birds' nests: (Ptinus tectus). 



83 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Parus major L., Phoenicurus 
phoenicurusL.; (Ptinus tectus). 

— . 1938a: Amsel, Haussperling, Kohlmeise, Gartenrotschwanz. 

— , 1939a: Sperling. Meise; {Ptinus ^= Ptinohruchus tectus Boield.). 
- — , 1951: Micropus apus L., Sperling, birds' nests; {Ptinus tectus). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests, Amsel. 

O'Mahony, 1939b: Pigeon. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Columba sp., Hirundo 

rustica L. 
Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon 

urbica (L.). 
Zacher, 1939b: Birds' nests; (Ptinus tectus). 

Ptinus villiger (Reitter) 

Kemper, 1938a: Mehlschwalbe, Mauersegler; {Ptinus villiger Kt.) . 
Nordberg, 1936: Delichon urbica L., Apus apus L.; {Ptinus villiger 
Reitt.). 

Tipnus unicolor (Filler and Mitterpacher) 
Fowler, 1890: Birds' nests; [Niptus crenatus F.). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Birds' nests; {Niptus griseo-fuscus Deg.). 

— , 1 9 15: Turdus merula L.; {Niptus griseofuscus DeGeer). 
Hinton, 1940: House martin, birds' nests; {Tipnus unicolor Filler & 

Mitterpacher). 
Howe, 1955: Birds' nests, house-martin, pigeon; {Tipnus unicolor Fill. 

and Mitt. ) . 
Linsley, 1944: House martin, birds' nests; {Tipnus unicolor Filler & 

Mitterpacher). 
Rye, 1873: Figeon; {Niptus crenatus F.). 
Weidner, 1952: Figeon; {Tipnus unicolor Fill, and Mitt.). 

Trigonogenius globulus (Solier) 
Hall and Howe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Trigono genius globulus Sol.). 
Howe and Burges. 1952: Figeon; {Trigono genius globulus Sol.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba?,^.; {Trigono genius globulus Sol.). 

Family PYTHIDAE 
Cariderus planirostris (Fabricius) 
Sick. 1940: Specht; {Rhinosimus planirostris ¥.). 

Family SCAPHIDIIDAE 
Scaphosoma (Scaphosoma) boleti (Panzer) 
Heselhaus, 1915: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie.; {Scapho- 
soma boleti Panz.). 



84 

Family SCARABAEIDAE 
Undetermined 

Knaus, 1928: Birds' nests. 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. 
T(rouessart), 1875: Hirundo urhica. 

Anomala (Anomala) undulata Melsheimer 

McAtee, 1927a: RicJunondena cardinalis (?) ; {Anomala ujidulata Mels- 
heimer). 

— , 1929: Troglodytes aedoji; [Anomala undulata Melsheimer). 

Aphodius denticulatus Haldeman 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 

Aphodius depressus (Kugelann) 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Aphodius depressus 
Kug.). 

Aphodius fimetarius (Linnaeus) 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe, Stadtschwaibe; {Aphodius jimentarius 

(sic)L.). 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L., Hirundo urbica L.; {Apho- 
dius fimetarius L. ) . 

Szekessy, 1944: Stork; {Aphodius fimetarius L.). 

Weber, 1938: Stork; {Aphodius fimetarius h.) . 

Aphodius foetens (Fabricius) 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Aphodius foetens Fabr.). 
Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L.; (Aphodius foetens). 

Aphodius granarius (Linnaeus) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.); {Aphodius granarius h.) . 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Aphodius granarius L.). 

Aphodius luridus (Fabricius) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Aphodius luridus ¥.). 

Aphodius merdarius (Fabricius) 
Boyd, 1932: Passer montanus montanus : [Aphodius merdarius). 

Aphodius piceus Gyllenhal 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp. 

Aphodius plagiatus (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Phylloscopus trochilus L.; {Aphodius plagiatus Gyll.). 



85 

Aphodius prodromus (Brahm) 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Parus major L., P. caeruleus L.. Erithacus phoenicu- 

rus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; [Aphodius 

prodromus Brahm.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Pica pica L., Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall.; {Aphodius 

prodromus Illig. ). 
Sickmann, 1883- — 1884: Hirundo urbica L.; {Aphodius prodromus 

Brahm). 

Ataenius abditus (Haldeman) 
Hicks, 1953: Sayornis phoebe (Latham). 

Ganthon simplex Leconte 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine). 

Cetonia sp. 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 

Gopris lunaris (Linnaeus) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. ; {Copris lunaris L.). 

Diastictus tibialis (Fabricius) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Diastictus tibialis F.). 
— - , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Diastictus tibialis ¥.). 

Geotrupes (Gnemotrupes) egeriei (Germar) 
McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis; {Geotrupes egeriei Germar). 

Geotrupes (Anoplotrupes) stercorosus (Scriba) 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Geotrupes sylvaticus 
Panz.). 

Onthophagus vacca (Linnaeus) 
Donisthorpe, 1939: Bird's nest; {Onthophagus vacca L.). 

Oxyomus silvestris (Scopoli) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Oxyomus silvestris Scop.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Oxyomus silvestris Scop.). 

Pleurophorus caesus (Creutzer) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Pleurophorus caesus Creutz.). 

Potosia (Getonischema) aeruginosa (Drury) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Wildtaube, Holztaube; {Potosia speciosissima Scop.). 
— , 1907a: Wildtaube; {Potosia aeruginosa Drury, Potosia speciosis- 
sima Scop.). 



86 

Bickhardt, 1907b: Wildtaube, Holztaube; {Potosia speciosissima Scop.). 

— , 191 1 : Wildtaube, Eule, Wiedehopf; {Potosia aeruginosa Drury). 
Heyden, von, 1876 — 1877: Wildtaube; {Cetonia aeruginosa Drury ^ 

speciosissima Scop. ) . 
— ■ , 1904: Wildtaube, Holztaube; {Potosia speciosissima Scop.). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Wildtaube; {Potosia aeruginosa Drury). 
Roubal, 1907: Owl, Upupa epops; {Potosia aeruginosa Drury). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Holztaube; {Potosia speciosissima Scop.). 

— , 1908: Upupa epops; {Potosia aeruginosa Dvury) . 
Zumpt, 1928: Wildtaube; {Potosia speciosissima Scop.). 

Potosia (Potosia) cuprea (Fabricius) 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Potosia cuprea F.). 

Rhyssemus germanus (Linnaeus) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Rhysemus (sic) asperF.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Rhyssemus asper ¥.). 

Trox sp. 

Knaus, 1928: Crow. 
Lameere, 1946a: Birds' nests. 

Robinson, 1941: Tyto alba pratincola Bonap., crow, screech owl, great 
horned owl, tufted titmouse, buteo hawk, turkey vulture, starling. 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Trox aequalis Say 

Robinson, 1941: Tyto alba pratincola Bonap., Corvus brachyrhynchos 
Brehm, Otus asio naevius Gmelin, Bubo virginianus Gmelin, Baeolo- 
phus bicolor Linn., Buteo sp., Cathartes aura septentrionalis Wied., 
Sturnus vulgaris Linn.; (Trox aequalis). 

Trox affinis Robinson 
Robinson, 1941: Tyto alba pratincola Bonap., Corvus brachyrhynchos 
Brehm, Bubo virginianus Gmelin. 

Trox atrox Leconte 
Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 

Trox eversmanni Karelin 
Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L.; {Trox eversmanni Kryn.). 

Trox hispidus (Pontoppidan) 
Paulian, 1941 : Raptors. 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Trox hispidus Laich., Trox 
hispidus Laich. ab. nodulosus Har.). 



87 

Trox perlatus Goeze 

Bickhardt, 191 1: Stork. 

Paulian, 1941: Raptors; {Trox perlatus (Geoff.)). 

Szekessy. 1944: Stork. 

Trox perrisi Fairmaire 

Auber, 1 945 : Birds' nests. 

Auzat, 1917a: Bird's nest; (Trox perrisi). 

Bickhardt, 1907: Wildtaube; {Trox haroldi Flach). Bird's nest; {Trox 
nidicola Bonnaire) . 
- — , 1907a: Wildtaube, birds' nests; {Trox haroldi Flach, Trox nidi- 
cola Bonnaire, Trox perrisi Fairm.). 

— , 1907b: Wildtaube; {Trox haroldi Flach). Birds' nests; {Trox 
nidicola Bonn.). 

— , 191 1 : Wildtaube, Buntspecht, birds' nests; {Trox perrisi Fairm. 
{haroldi ¥\2ich)). 

Bonnaire, 1881 : Bird's nest; {Trox nidicola Bonnaire). 

du Buysson, 1923: Strix flammea L. 

Everts, 1922: Wood pigeon, owl, woodpecker; {Trox haroldi Flach). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Owl, green woodpecker, pigeon, ring dove. 

Gaudin, 1921 : Chouette, bird's nest, raptor. 

Gerhard, 1909: Buntspecht, Hohltaube; {Trox perrisi Fairm. {haroldi 

Flach)). 
Horion, 1939: Birds' nests. 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meise. 
Mequignon, 1928: Birds' nests; {Trox nidicola Bonnaire). 
Paulian, 1941 : Raptors, woodpecker. 

— , 1943: Birds' nests, raptors, ramiers, pics. 
Pic, 1 9 18: Birds' nests. 

Rapp, 1934: Birds' nests; {Trox perrisi Fairm. {haroldi Flch.)). 

— , 1935: Bird's nest; {Trox perrisi Fairm. {haroldi Flch.) ) . 
Reclaire and Van Der Wiel, 1936: Starling. 

Reitter, 1909: Birds' nests. 

Schaufuss, 1907: Wildtaube; {Trox haroldi Flach). Bird's nest; {Trox 

nidicola Bonnaire). 
Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Woodpecker, Hohltaube, Wildtaube. 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; (Trox haroldi). 

Trox sabulosus (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Falco tin- 

nunculus L., Columba oenas L.; {Trox sabulosus L.). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Raptors; {Trox scabulosa (sic)). 

Trox scaber (Linnaeus) 

Bickhardt, 1907a: Birds' nests; {Trox scaber L.). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; {Trox scaber L.). 

— , 191 1 : Birds' nests; {Trox scaber L.).Wiedehopf ; {Trox scaber h.). 



Blair, 1949: Picus viridis pluvius Hart.; {Trox scaher F.). 

Dale, 1878: Stock dove; {Trox scaber L.). 

Delahon, 1932: Schwarzen Milan ; {Trox scaher 'L.). 

Donisthorpe, 1939: Birds' nests; {Trox scaher L.). 

du Buysson, 1923: Strix jlammea L.; {Trox scaher L.). 

Edmonds, 1931: Starling; (Trox scaher). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Woodpecker, jackdaw; {Trox scaher L.). 

Fowler, 1890: Stock dove; {Trox scaher L.). 

Gerhard, 1909: ?Taube, Buntspecht; {Trox scaher lu.). 

Hansen, 1925: Birds' nests; {Trox scaher L.). 

Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Trox scaher). 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Dendrocopus medius Koch, Picus viridis L.; {Trox 

scaher L.). 
Horion, 1936: Sparrow; {Trox scaher L,.). 
Joy, 1904: Woodpecker; {Trox scaber L..). 

— , 1906a: Owl, starling; {Trox scaher L.). 
• — ■ , 1906c: Birds' nests; {Trox scaher 1^.) . 
— ■ , 1909a: Puffin; {Trox scaher 1^.). 

— , 1930: Buteo vulgaris; {Trox scaher h.). 

— , 1932: Owl; {Trox scaher 'L.). 

Leleup, 1947b: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm) ; {Trox scaher L.). 

— , 1947c: Columha oenas L., Picus viridis virescens (Brehm), Athene 
noctua vidalii (Brehm), Passer montanus montanus (L.), birds' 
nests; {Trox scaber L..). 

— , i947d: Coloeus monedula spermologus (Vieill.) ; {Trox scaber h.). 

— , 19476: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm) ; {Trox scaher L.). 
- — ■ , ig4.jh: Columba oenas h.; {Trox scaber h.). 

— , 1947m: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm; {Trox scaher L.). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meise; {Trox scaber L.). 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Trox scaber L.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Haliaetus (sic) 
albicilla L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Falco tinnunculus L. ; 
{Trox scaber L.). 

O'Mahony, 1949a: Jackdaw, puffin; {Trox scaber L.). 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Trox scaher L.). 

Paulian, 1941: Raptors. 

— , 1943: Pic, choucas, moineau, chouette; {Trox scaber L.). 
Pic, 19 18: Birds' nests; {Trox scaber L.). 

Rapp, 1934: Birds' nests; {Trox scaher L. {arenarius F.) ). 

— , 1935: Birds' nests; {Trox scaher L.). 
Rosenberg, 191 3: Birds' nests; {Trox scaher h.). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Owl; {Trox scaber L.). 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Trox scaber h.) . 

— 5 19^3- Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; {Trox scaber L.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Trox scaher L.). 

— , 1908: Upupa epops; {Trox scaher L,.) . 
Schmaus, 1936: Krahe, Hohltaube; (Trox scaher). 



89 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: ? Pigeon, woodpeckei-; {Trox scaber h.) . 
Sg., 1907: Birds' nests; {Trox scaber L.). 
Sick, 1939: Owl; {Trox scaber h.). 

— , 1940: Birds' nests, Specht, Spatze, Wiedehopf, schwarzen Milan, 
Storch, Syrnium aluco L.; [Trox scaber L.). 

Spittle, 1949a: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm, Strix aluco sylvatica Shaw, 

Tyto alba alba Scop.; {Trox scaber L.). 
Stein, 1843: Passer rusticus L.; (Trox arenarius). 
Szekessy, 1944: Stork; {Trox scaber Y,.). 
■ — , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Bubo bubo, Falco tinnunculus, Falco 

peregrinus, Haliaeetus albicilla, Parus sp., Colaeus (sic) monedula, 

Dryobates major, Upupa epops; {Trox scaber L.). 
Walker, 1896: Owl; (Trox scaber). 

— , 1932: Owl; {Trox scaber 1^.) . 
Waterhouse, 1871: Starling; (Trox scaber). 
Weber, 1938: Stork; {Trox scaber L,.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Owl, Corvus monedula L. 
Zumpt, 1928: Birds' nests; {Trox scaber L.). 

Trox striatus Melsheimer 
Robinson, 1941: Tyto alba pratincola Bonap., Otus asio naeuius Gmelin, 
Bubo virginianus Gmelin; (Trox striatus). 

Trox tytus Robinson 
Robinson, 1941 : Tyto alba pratincola Bonap. 

Family SGOLYTIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Estrilda sp. 

Dendroctonus micans (Kugelann) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Dendroctonus micans Kugelan.). 

Family SCYDMAENIDAE 
Cephennium (Gephennarium) thoracicum (Muller and Kunze) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Cephennium 

thoracicum Muell. & Kunze). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Birds' nests; {Cephennium thoracicum Miill.). 

— , 1 9 15: Turdus merula L.; {Cephennium thoracicum Miill.). 

Neuraphes (Neuraphes) carinatus (Mulsant) 
Joy, 1904: Woodpecker; {Neuraphes carinatus Muls.). 

Neuraphes (Neuraphes) elongatulus (Muller and Kunze) 
Rosenberg, 1913: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes elongatulus Miill. & K.). 



90 

Neuraphes (Neuraphes) rubicundus (Schaum) 

Bickhardt, 1907a: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum). 

— , 191 1 : Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Scha.um). 
Falcoz, 1914: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum). 
Joy, 1906a: Starling; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schm.). 

— , 1906c: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum). 
Leruth, 1935: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum) . 
Nordberg, 1936: Hirundo rustica L.; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schm.). 
Rosenberg, 191 3: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum). 
Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum). 
Sg., 1907: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum). 
Waterhouse, 1871: Starling; {Scydmoenus (sic) rubicundus). 

Neuraphes (Neuraphes) talparum Lokay 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes talparum Lokay, Neuraphes 
(s. str.) talparum Lokay). 
— ■ , 1947k: Birds' nests; {Neuraphes talparum Lokay). 

Scydmaenus (Cholerus) rufus Mliller and Kunze 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Scydmaenus rufus Miill.). 
— ■ , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Scydmaenus rufus Miill.). 

Stenichnus (Cyrtoscydmus) barnevillei (Reitter) 
Fowler and Donisthorpe, 191 3: Cormorant, gull; {Scydmaenus barnevil- 
lei Reitter). 
Joy, 1909a: Cormorant, gull; {Scydmaenus barnevillei Reitt.). 

Stenichnus (Stenichnus) exilis (Erichson) 
Waterhouse, 1871: Starling; (Scydmaenus exilis). 

Family SILPHIDAE 
Undetermined 

Hansen, 1922: Birds' nests. 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. 

Aglyptinus agathidioides Blair 
Donisthorpe, 1930: Moorhen. 
— • , 1931c: Moorhen. 

Catops sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 
Rosenberg, 19 13: Owl, birds' nests. 

Catops alpinus Gyllenhal 
Strand, 1944: Asia flammeus Pontopp. 



91 

Catops coracinus Kellner 
Sokolowski, 1942: Reiher. 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp. 

Catops fuliginosus Erichson 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Rapp, 1933: Krahe. 

— , 1935: Kriihe. 

West, 1928 — 1937: Mormon arcticus, eider duck. 

Catops grandicollis Erichson 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Choleva grandicollis Er.). 

Catops kirbyi (Spence) 
Rapp, 1933: Krahe; {Catops kirbyi Spence). 

— , 1935: Krahe; {Catops kirbyi Spence). 

Catops morio (Fabricius) 

Lack, 1931: Bird's nest; {Choleva morio F.j. 

Nordberg, 1936: Falco peregrinus Tunst. ; [Catops morio Fabr.). 

Sokolowski, 1942: Reiher, Fratercula arctica L.; {Catops morio ¥.). 

Catops nigricans (Spence) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 

Catops nigrita Erichson 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Choleva nigrita Er.). 

— , 1937: Swan; {Choleva nigrita Y,\:.). 

— 3 1939- Swan; {Choleva nigrita Er.). 
Sokolowski, 1942: Reiher, Schwan. 

Catops picipes (Fabricius) 
Heselhaus, 1915: Turdus rnerula L.; {Catops picipes F.j. 
Jeannel, 1934: Grive; {Catops picipes Fahncius) . 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Catops picipes ¥.). 
Sokolowski, 1942: Drossel; {Catops picipes ¥.). 

Catops tristis (Panzer) 
Donisthorpe, 1931a: Carrion crow; {Choleva tristis Pz.). 

— , 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Choleva tristis Pz.). 
Sokolowski, 1942: Reiher; {Catops tristis Panz.). 

Catops westi Krogerus 
Sokolowski, 1942: Krahe. 

Dissochaetus oblitus Leconte 
Hatch, 1933: Buzzard; {Dissochaetus oblitus hec.) . 



92 

Dreposcia umbrina (Erichson) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Birds' nests; [Catops umbrinus Er.). 

Lyrosoma opacum Mannerheim 
Hopping, 1949: Maritime birds; {Lyrosoma opaca Mann.). 

Nargus anisotomoides (Spence) 
Bennett, 1888a: Wood wren; (Choleva anisotomoides). 
Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop.; {Nargus anisotomoides Spence). 

Nargus badius (Sturm) 
Heyden, von, 1876 — 1877: Bird's nest; {Catops badius Sturm {Nargus 
Thoms.) ). 

Nargus velox (Spence) 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Nargus velox 

Spence). 
Sokolowski, 1942: Krahe; {Nargus velox Spence). 

Nargus wilkini (Spence) 
Sokolowski, 1942: Reiher, Krahe; {Nargus wilkini Spence {Demochrus 
Thoms. ) ) . 

Nemadus colonoides (Kraatz) 

Bickhardt, 1907: Owl, starling; {Anemadus colonoides Kr.). 

— , 1907a: Starling; (Nemadus colonoides). Birds' nests, Spatze, Eule, 
Star; {Nemadus colonoides Kv.). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests, sparrow, swallow; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 

— , 191 1 : Eule, Star, Wiedehopf, Specht; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 
Chitty, 1906: Starling; {Choleva colonoides Kr.). 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; {Choleva colonoides Kr.). 

Edmonds, 1931 : Starling; (Nemadus colonoides). 

Everts, 1922: Jackdaw, bird's nest; {Ptomaphagus colonoides Kraatz). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Woodpecker, starling, titmouse; {Nemadus 
colonoides Kr.). 

Gaudin, 1921 : Mesange, pic, sansonnet, chouette; {Nemadus 
colonoides Kr.). 

Gerhard, 1909: Dohle, Specht. Buntspecht; {Nemadus colonoides 
Kraatz). 

Hansen, 1922: Birds' nests; (Nemadus colonoides). Birds' nests, owl; 
{Nemadus colonoides Kraatz) . 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Sparrow, Meise, Rotschwanzchen ; {Nemadus colono- 
ides Kraatz). 

— , 19 15: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie., Dendrocopus 
medius Koch, Picus viridis L.; {Nemadus colonoides Kraatz). 

Holstebroe, 1910: Owl; {Choleva (Nemadus) colonoides Kraatz) . 



93 

Horion, 1936a: Crow, raptors, starling, birds' nests; {Nemadus colonoi- 

des Kr.). 
Jeannel, 1936: Chouette, pic, huppe, sansonnet, etourneau, mesange, 

moineau; {Nemadus colonoides Kraatz). 
— • , 1942: Birds' nests; {Nemadus colonoides 'Kr.). 
Johansen, 1903: Birds' nests; {Catops colonoides Kr.). 

— , 1904: Owl; {Catops colonoides Y^Y.) . 

Joy, 1904: Woodpecker; {Choleva colonoides 'Kr.). 

— , 1906a: Owl; {Choleva colonoides Kx.). 

- — , 1906c: Owl, sparrow; {Choleva colonoides Kr.). Bird's nest; 
(Nemadus colonoides). 

— , 1932: Birds' nests; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests, Columba oenas L., Passer montanus mon- 
tanus (L.) ; {Nemadus colonoides Kx.) . 
■ — , 19476: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm), Parus sp.; {Nemadus 
colonoides Kr.). 

— , ig/^.yh.: Columba oenas L.; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.) . 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Sperling; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryobates major 

L.; {Nemadus colonoides Kra.a.tz) . 
Pic, 1 9 18: Birds' nests; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 
Pool, 1907: Starling; {Choleva colonides (sic) Kr.). 
Rosenberg, 1913: Bird's nest, woodpecker; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 
RoLibal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Nemadus colonoides Kraatz). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Sperling; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.) . 

— , 1908: Upupa epops; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.) . 
Schmaus, 1936: Krahe; (Nemadus colonoides). 

Sg., 1907: Birds' nests, Sperling, Eule; {Choleva colonoides Kr.). 
Sick, 1933: Bird's nests; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 

— , 1939: Bird's nest; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.) . 

— , 1940: Syrnium aluco L., Specht, Eule, Sperling, Wiedehopf, birds' 
nests; {Nemadus colonoides Kraatz). 

Sokolowski, 1942: Birds' nests, Syrnium aluco, Eule, Specht, Wiedehopf, 

Star, Meise, Sperling; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 
Spittle, 1949a: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Nemadus colonoides Kr.). 
— • , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Strigidae, Corvus comix. Passer domesti- 

cus, Sturnus vulgaris, Dryobates major, Upupa epops; {Nemadus 

colonoides Kr.). 
Waterhouse, 187 1 : Starling; (Choleva colonoides). 

Nicrophorus sp. 

Kolbe, 1905: Pigeon; {Necrophorus (sic) sp.). 

Ward and Gallagher, 1920: Pigeon; {Necrophorus (sic) sp.). 

Nicrophorus sepultor (Charpentier) 
Roubal, 1 91 3: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; {Necrophorus (sic) 
sepultor Charp.). 



94 

Nicrophorus vespillo (Linnaeus) 
Hutyra, Marek, and Manninger, 1946: Pigeon; {Necrophorus (sic) 

vespillo ) . 
Reinhardt, 1950: Pigeon; {Necrophorus (sic) vespillo). 

Nicrophorus vespilloides Herbst 

Roubal, 1913: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; {Necrophorus (sic) 
vespilloides Herbst). 

Nicrophorus vestigator (Herschel) 
Theodorides, 1949: Pigeon; {Necrophorus (sic) vestigator Her.). 

Prionchaeta opaca (Say) 

Hatch, 1933: Buzzard; {Prionchaeta opaca Say). 

Ptomaphagus sp. 

Sick, 1939: Bird's nest. 

Ptomophagus subvillosus (Goeze) 
Hansen, 1922: Birds' nests; {Ptomaphagus sericeus Panz.). 
Heselhaus, 1914: Birds' nests; {Ptomophagus (sic) sericatus Chaud.). 

— , igi^: Turdus merulah. I {Ptomaphagus sericatus Chaud.) . 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests, choucas; {Ptomophagus (sic) sericatus 

sbsp. medius Rey). 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Ptomaphagus sericeus 

Fabr.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Ptomaphagus sericatus Ghd.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Ptomaphagus sericatus 

Chaud.). 

Ptomaphagus variicornis (Rosenhauer) 
Leleup, I947g: Coloeus monedula spermologus (Vieill.) ; {Ptomophagus 
(sic) varicornis (sic) Rosenh.). 

Sciodrepa fumata (Spence) 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Choleva fumata Spence). 

— , 1937: Hawk; {Choleva fumata Spence) . 

— , 1939: Hawk; {Choleva fumata Spence). 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 

Hatch, 1933: Buzzard; {Catops (Sciodrepoides) terminans hec.) . 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Turdus merula L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., 

Erithacus phoenicurus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris 

L. ; {Sciodrepa fumata Spence). 
Jeannel, 1934: Raptors; {Sciodrepoides fumatus Spence). 

— , 1942: Birds' nests; {Sciodrepoides fumatus Sp.). 



95 

Joy, 1906c: Tit; {Choleva fumata Spence). 

— , 1930: Buteo vulgaris, Pica pica; [Catops fumata Spence). 
Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L.; {Sciodrepa fumatus Spence). 

— , 1930: Buteo buteo; [Sciodrepa fumatus Spence). 

Sokolowski. 1942: Elster, Reiher. Raubvogel; [Sciodrepoides fumatus 
Spence). 

Sciodrepa watsoni (Spence) 

Bickhardt, 191 1 : Wiedehopf ; [Catops watsoni Spence). 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; [Choleva watsoni ^Y^^nco). 

— . 1937: Swan; [Choleva watsoni Spence). 

— , 1939: Swan; [Choleva watsoni Spence). 
Falcoz, 1914: Puffin; [Catops watsoni Spence). 

Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; [Nargus watsoni 

Spence) . 
- — , 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Turdus merula L.; [Sciodrepa watsoni Spence). 
Jeannel, 1934: Birds' nests, thrush, puffin; [Sciodrepoides watsoni 

Spence). 
Joy, 1909: Puffin; [Choleva watsoni Spence). 

— , 1909a: Cormorant, gull; [Choleva watsoni Spence) . 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; [Catops watsoni Spence). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; [Catops watsoni Spence). 
Sokolowski, 1942: Birds' nests; [Sciodrepoides watsoni Spence). 
Walker, 1938: Puffin; [Choleva watsoni Spence). 

Silpha sp. 
Ward and Gallagher, 1920: Pigeon. 

Silpha (Phosphuga) atrata Linnaeus 

Blair, 1931 : Rook; [Phosphuga atrata L.) . 

Silpha (Thanatophilus) dispar Herbst 

Schneider, 1898: Gull; [Pseudopelta dispar Hbst.). 

Silpha (Oiceoptoma) noveboracensis Forster 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; [Silpha noveboracensis Forster). 

Silpha (Silpha) obscura Linnaeus 
Hutyra, Marek, and Manninger, 1946: Pigeon; (Silpha obscura). 

Silpha (Blitophaga) opaca Linnaeus 

Baudet, 1929: Taubenschlagen ; [Silpha opaca L.). 
Reinhardt, 1950: Pigeon; (Silpha opaca). 



96 

Silpha (Oiceoptoma) thoracica Linnaeus 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula ynelophilus Hart.; {Oeceoptoma 

(sic) thoracicum (L.)). 
Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Pigeon; {Silpha thoracica Fabricius). 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L.; [Thanatophilus thoracicus L.). 
Sharp, 1901 : Birds' nests; (Silpha thoracica). 
Theodorides, 1949: Pigeon; {Silpha {Oeceoptoma (sic)) thoracica 

Gang. ) . 

Family SILVANIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Tisserin de Birmanie. 
Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae. 

Subfamily Silvaninae 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Munia striata. 

Ploceovanus enigmaticus Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Ploceovanus 
enigmaticus). 

— , 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Silvanus planatus Germar 

McAtee, 1927: Progne subis. 

Family STAPHYLINIDAE 
Undetermined 

Engel, 1920: Riparia riparia riparia (L.). 

Keilin, 1924a: Acredula caudata. 

Lameere, 1946a: Birds' nests. 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. 

McAtee, 1927a: Durnetclla carolinensis. 

— , 1929: Troglodytes aedon. 
Paulian, 1950: Nycticorax sp. 
Pic, 19 18: Birds' nests. 
Richards, 1930: Birds' nests. 
Roubal, 1907: Starling. 
Saunt, 1934: Blue tit, great tit. 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 
Tottenham, 1954: Birds' nests. 

Acidota crenata (Fabricius) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Hausschwalbe ; {Acidota crenata Fabr.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L., Colaeus (sic) 
monedula L.; {Acidota crenata Fabr.). 



97 

Penecke, 1898: Hirundo urbica; [Acidota crenata F.). 
Roubal, 1930: Hirundo sp.; [Acidota crenata F.). 

Aleocharinae 

Judd, 1954: Agelaius phoeniceus. 

Lee and Ryckman, 1954: Speotyto cunicularia hypogaea (sic) (Bona- 
parte) ; (Aleoncharinae (sic)). 

Aleochara sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 
Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus. 
Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds' nests. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests. 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler. 1930: Birds' nests. 

Aleochara (Goprochara) bipustulata (Linnaeus) 
Sick, 1940: Specht; {Aleochara bipustulata L.). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; [Aleochara bipustulata L.). 

Aleochara (Rheochara) cuniculorum Kraatz 

Bedwell, 1905: Sand martin; [Aleochara cuniculorum Kr.). 

— , 1906: Sand martin; [Aleochara cuniculorum Kr.). 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Taubenschlag ; [Aleochara cuniculorum Kr.). 
Everts, 1922: Bank-martin, pigeon; [Aleochara cuniculorum Kr.). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Sand-martin, pigeon; [Aleochara cuniculorum Kr.). 
Gerhard, 1909: Taubenschlag; [Aleochara cuniculorum Kr.). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Taubenschlag; [Aleochara cuniculorum Kr.). 
Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Haustaube; [Aleochara cuniculorum Kr.). 

Aleochara (Polychara) diversa Sahlberg 

Boyd, 1932: Passer montanus montanus; (Aleochara diversa). 
Ermisch and Langer, 1939: Meise; [Aleochara diversa Shlbg. ). 
Spittle, 1949a: Tyto alba alba Scop.; [Aleochara diversa Sahib.). 

Aleochara (Baryodma) intricata Mannerheim 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; [Aleochara intri- 
cata Mann.). 

Aleochara (Polychara) laevigata Gyllenhal 
Ermisch and Langer, 1939: Meise; [Aleochara laevigata Gyllh.). 

Aleochara (Aleochara) laticornis Kraatz 
Zirk, 1928: Krahe; [Aleochara laticornis 'Kr.) . 

Aleochara (Rheochara) moerens Gyllenhal 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; [Aleochara moerens Gyll.). 



98 

Aleochara (Polychara) sanguinea (Linnaeus) 
Johansen, 19 14: Birds' nests; {Aleochara (Polychara) sanguinea L.). 

Aleochara (Homoeochara) sparsa Heer 

Bennett, i9i2:Owl; {Aleochara succicolaTh.) . 

Bickhardt, 1907a: Birds' nests; {Aleochara sparsa Heer, Aleochara 
succicola Thorns.). 
- — , 1907c: Owl, starling; {Aleochara succicola Thorns.). 

— , 191 1 : Star, Taubenschlag, birds' nests; {Aleochara sparsa Heer). 
Dorn, 1913: Accipiter nisus L.; {Aleochara sparsa Heer). 

Everts, 1922: Pigeon, birds' nests; {Aleochara succicola Thorns.). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Titmouse, starling, pigeon, sparrow hawk; {Aleochara 

sparsa Heer) . 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus ruhecula melophilus Hart.; {Aleochara sparsa 

Heer) . 
Gerhard, 1909: Star; {Aleochara succicola Thorns.) . 
Heselhaus, 1914: Sparrow, Meise, Rotschwanz; {Aleochara succiola (sic) 

Thoms.). 
Joy, 1906c: Bird's nest; {Aleochara succicola Th.). 

— , 1930: Accipiter nisus; {Aleochara sparsa Heer). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Aleochara sparsa Heer). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Aleochara (Polychara) sparsa Heer). 
Columha oenas L. ; {Aleochara sparsa Heer). 

— , ig^jh: Columba oenas h.; {Aleochara sparsa Heer). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meise; {Aleochara succicola Thoms.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Oenanthe oenanthe L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Frin- 

gilla coelebs L., Accipiter nisus L., Riparia riparia L., Colaeus 
(sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryocopus martius L., 
Aegolius funereus L., Columba domestica L.; {Aleochara sparsa 
Olcer.). 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Aleochara sparsa Heer). 

Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops, Columba domestica; {Aleochara sparsa 
Heer) . 

Schaufuss, 1907: Owl, starling; {Aleochara succicola Th.). 

— , 1908: Upupa epops, Columba domestica; {Aleochara sparsa 
Heer) . 

Schmaus, 1936: Hohltaube; (Aleochara sparsa). 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Birds' nests; {Aleochara sparsa Heer). 

Aleochara (Goprochara) verna Say 

Nordberg, 1936: Phoenicurus phoenicurus L.; {Aleochara verna Say). 

Aleochara (Polychara) villosa Mannerheim 

Bickhardt, 1907: Taubenschlag; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 
— - , 1907a: Taubenschlag; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 

— , 191 1 : Taubenschlag, Specht; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 



99 

Calwer, 1869: Pigeon; {Aleochara villosa Mannerh.). 

Cornelius, 1869: Pigeon; {Aleochara villosa Mannerh.). 

Douglas, 1 871: Pigeon; {Aleochara villosa Mannerh.). 

Erichson, 1858: Pigeon; {Aleochara villosa Mannerh.). 

Everts, 1922: Pigeon; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.^i. 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Woodpecker, pigeon, birds' nests; {Aleochara villosa 

Mannh.). 
Gerhard, 1909: Specht, Taubenschlag; {Aleochara villosa Mannerh.). 
Heidenreich, 1906a: Taubenschlag; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 

— . 1906b: Taubenschlag; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.) . 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 

— , 19 15: Columba domestica L.; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 
Johansen, 19 14: Birds' nests. 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meisen, Taubenschlag; {Aleochara vil- 
losa Mannerh.). 
Leruth, 1935: Birds' nests; {Aleochara villosa Mannerheim). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Aleochara villosa Mannerheim). 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L.. Dryoba- 

tes major L.; {Aleochara villosa Mann.). 
Roubal, 1907: Columba domestica; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 
Rye, 1873: Pigeon; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Columba domestica; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 
Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Haustaube; {Aleochara villosa Mannh.). 

Alianta incana (Erichson) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Alianta incana Er.). 

— , 1937: Swan; {Alianta incana Er.) . 

— 5 ^939- Swan; {Alianta incana YjV.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Fulica atra L., Podiceps cristatus L.; {Atheta inca?ia 
Er.). 

Amischa analis (Gravenhorst) 
Leleup, 1947c: Picus viridis virescen?, (Brehm) ; {Leptusa (s. str.) 

haemorrhoidalis Heer) . 
Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Uf erschwalbe ; {Atheta analis Grav.). 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Leptusa haemorrhoidalis Heer). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Microglotta analis Grav.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Microglossa analis 

Grav.). 

Amischa soror (Kraatz) 

Bickhardt, 1907a: Birds' nests; {Atheta soror Kr.). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; {AtJieta soror ¥^y.) . 
— ■ , 1 9 1 1 : Birds' nests ; {Atheta soror 'K.v.). 

Johansen, 1903: Birds' nests; {Hornalota soror Kr.). 
Joy, 1906c: Bird's nest; {Homalota soror Kr.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Atheta soror Kr.). 



Anthobium melanocephalum (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cijierea L.; [Lathrimaeum atrocephalum 

GylL). 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Lathrimaeum 

atrocephalum Gyll.). 

Anthobium unicolor (Marsham) 
Heselhaus, 1915: Turdus merula L.; {Lathrimaeum unicolor Mrsh.). 

Aploderus caelatus (Gravenhorst) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Haploderus caelatus Grav.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Haploderus caelatus Grav.). 

Arpedium sp. 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Arpedium quadrum (Gravenhorst) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Astenus angustatus (Paykull) 
Joy, 1909a: Cormorant, gull; {Sunius lyonessius Joy). 

Astenus montanellus Cameron 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 

— ■ , iQ^2: Ploceus sp.; {Astenus montanellus Ca.nc.) . 

Atheta sp. 

In his discussion af Atheta, Ischnopoda and Tachyusa, Blackwelder 
(1952) indicates that Atheta is a subgenus of Ischnopoda. Insufficient 
knowledge of this group prevents the writer from using the proper 
nomenclatural combinations to comply with this indication. 
Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 
Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L., Cyanocitta cristata 

cristata (L.); {Atheta (?) sp.). Sayoryiis phoebe (Latham). 
McAtee, 1927: Troglodytes aedon, Myiarchus crinitus. 
Nordberg, 1936: Motacilla alba L. 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests. 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 

Atheta (Dimetrota) altaica Bernhauer 
Strand, 1944: Asia flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta altaica Bernh.). 

Atheta (Microdota) amicula (Stephens) 
West, 1928 — 1937: Eider duck; {Atheta amicula Stephens). 



Atheta (Traumoecia) angusticollis (Thomson) 
Falcoz, 1914: Titmouse; {Atheta angusticollis Thomson) 
Gerhard, 1909: Meise; {Atheta angusticollis Thorns.) . 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meise; {Atheta angusticollis Thorns.) . 
Roubal, 191 7: Hoopoe; {Atheta angusticollis ravilla Er.). 
Zirk, 1928: Krahe; {Atheta angusticollis ravilla Er.). 

Atheta (Hypatheta) aquatilis (Thomson) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus ruhecula melophilus Hart.; {Atheta (Hyp- 
atheta) aquatilis Thorns.) . 

Atheta (Datomicra) arenicola Thomson 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Atheta germana Sharp). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Atheta germana ?)hdir^) . 

Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L. ; {Datomicra arenicola 

Th.). 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta arenicola Thoms.). 

Atheta (Acrotona) aterrima (Gravenhorst) 
Freeman. 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 

Atheta (Microdota) atomaria (Kraatz) 
Donisthorpe, 1938: Owl; {Atheta perexigua Sharp). 

— , 1939: Owl; Atheta perexigua Sharp). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) atramentaria (Gyllenhal) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Atheta atramentaria Gyll.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Atheta atramentaria GyW.). 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta atramentaria Gyll.). 

Atheta (Atheta) basicornis (Mulsant and Rey) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Swan; {Atheta basicornis Key). 

— , 1937: Swan; {Atheta basicornis Key) . 

— , 1939: Swan; {Atheta basicornis Key {autumnalis Fowler)) . 

Atheta (Atheta) britanniae Bernhauer and Scheerpeltz 

Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Atheta reperta Shp.). 
— • , 1937: Hawk; {Atheta reperta Sharp). 

Atheta (Plataraea) brunnea (Fabricius) 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Plataraea brun- 
nea F.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) cadaverina (Brisout) 

Rapp, 1933: Krahe; {Atheta cadaverina Bris.). 
— ■ , 1935: Krahe; {Atheta cadaverina Bris.). 



Atheta (Datomicra) canescens (Sharp) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Atheta caiiescens Sharp). 

Atheta (Hypatheta) castanoptera (Mannerheim) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Hawk; {Atheta castanoptera Mann.). 

— , 1939: Hawk; {Atheta castanoptera Mann, {xaiithoptera Steph.)), 

Atheta (Datomicra) celata (Erichson) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Taubenschlag; {Atheta celata Er.). 

• — • , 1907a: Taubenschlag; {Atheta celata Er.). 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Atheta celata Er.). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Pigeon; {Atheta celata Er.). 
Heidenreich, 1907: Taubenschlag; {Atheta celata Er.). 
Lehnert, 1933; Birds' nests; {Atheta cellata (sic) Er.). 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Atheta celata Er.). 

— • , 1929: Buteo buteo L.; {Atheta celata Er.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Atheta celata Er.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) cinnamoptera (Thomson) 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Atheta cinnamoptera Th.). 

— , 1937: Hawk; {Atheta cinnamoptera Th.). 

— , 1939: Hawk; {Atheta cinnamoptera Th.). 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta cinnamoptera Thorns.). 

Atheta (Dochmonota) clancula (Erichson) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Atheta clancula Er.). 

— , 1937: Moorhen; {Atheta clancula Er.) . 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Atheta clancula Er.) . 

Atheta (Acrotona) clientula (Erichson) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; {Atheta clientula Er.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Atheta clientula Er.). 

Atheta (Atheta) coriaria (Kraatz) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Wiedehopf; {Atheta coriaria Kr.). 
Dorn, 1913: Accipiter nisus L., crow; {Atheta coriaria Kr.). 
Linke, 1906: Krahe; {Atheta coriaria Kr.). 
Rapp, 1935: Elster, Krahe; {Atheta coriaria Kr.). 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Atheta coriaria Kr.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Atheta coriaria Kr.). 

Atheta (Anopleta) corvina (Thomson) 
Donisthorpe, 1931a: Carrion crow; {Atheta corvina Th.). 

— , 1937: Crow; {Atheta corvina Th.). 

— , 1939: Crow; {Atheta corvina Th.). 



I03 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Atheta corvina Thorns.). 
Strand, 1944: Asio flavimeus Pontopp.; {Atheta corvina Thorns.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Stork; [Atheta corvina Th.). 
Weber, 1938: Stork; (Atheta corvina). 

Atheta (Atheta) crassicornis (Fabricius) 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; (Atheta crassi- 
cornis Fair.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; (Atheta crassicornis Fbr.). 

Atheta (Hygroecia) debilis (Erichson) 
Nordberg, 1936: Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Columba oenas L.; (Atheta 
debilis Er.). 

Atheta (Traumoecia) depressicollis (Fauvel) 
Cameron, 1925: Owl, bird's nest; (Atheta depressicollis Fauv.). 
Strand, 1944: Asio jlammeus Pontopp.; (Atheta depressicollis Fauv.). 

Atheta (Atheta) diversa (Sharp) 
Strand, 1944: Asio jlammeus Pontopp; (Atheta diversa Sharp). 

Atheta (Atheta) divisa (Markel) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; (Atheta divisa Markl.). 

Atheta (Metaxya) elongatula (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; (Atheta elongatula Grav.). 

— , 1937: Moorhen; (Atheta elongatula Gra.v.) . 

— , 1939: Moorhen; (Atlieta elongatula Gray.) . 

Atheta (Dimetrota) episcopalis Bernhauer 
Ihssen, 1935: Mowe. 

Atheta (Atheta) euryptera (Stephens) 
Falcoz, 1914: Biset; (Atheta (Atheta) euryptera Stephens). 
Joy, 1909: Rock-dove; (Homalota euryptera Steph.). 
Leruth, 1939: Biset; (Atheta (Atheta) euryptera Stephens). 

Atheta (Bessobia) excellens (Kraatz) 
West, 1928 — 1937: Eider duck; (Atheta excellens Kraatz). 

Atheta (Acrotona) fungi (Gravenhorst) 
Bickhardt, 191 1: Taube, Turmfalke, Fasan; (Atheta fungi Grav.). 

Taube, Turmfalke, Fasan; (Atheta fungi orbata Er. ). 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; (Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Gr.). 

— , 1937: Birds' nests; (Atheta fungi Grav.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; (Atheta fungi Gray.) . 



I04 

Falcoz, 1914: Titmouse, falcon, pigeon; {Atheta fungi Grav.). 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Gerhard, 1909: ?Meisen; {Atheta fungi Grav.) . 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Perdix cinerea Lath.; [Atheta fungi Grav.). 
Leleup, 1947c: Choucas; {Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Grav.). 
Leruth, 1935: Titmouse, falcon, pigeon; {Atheta fungi Grav.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Atheta fungi Grav.). 
Linke, 1906: Starling; {Atheta fungi Grav.) . 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Parus major L., Colaeus (sic) mone- 

dula L., Columha oenas L.; {Atheta fungi Grav.). 
Roubal, 1907: Falco tinunculus (sic), Upupa epops, Columba domes- 

tica, Phasianus colchicus; {Atheta fungi Grav.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Falco tinnunculus, Columba domestica, Phasianus 

colchicus, Upupa epops; {Atheta fungi Grav.). 

Atheta (Atheta) fungicola (Thomson) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Atheta fungicola 

(Thoms.) ). 
Roubal, 1917: Taubenschlag; {Atheta nitidicollis Fairm.). 

Atheta (Bessobia) fungivora (Thomson) 
Bickhardt, 1907a: Birds' nests; {Atheta fungivora Thoms.). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; {Atheta fungivora Thoms.). 

— , 191 1 : Birds' nests; {Atheta fungivora Thoms.). 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Atheta (Bessobia) fungivora 

Thoms.). 
Joy, 1906c: Bird's nest; {Homalota fungivora Th.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Bird's nests; {Atheta fungivora Thoms.). 
Zirk, 1928: Krahe; {Atheta fungivora Thoms.). 

Atheta (Atheta) gagatina (Baudi) 
Donisthorpe. 1937: Hawk, swan; {Atheta gagatina Baudi). 

— , 1939: Hawk, swan; {Atheta gagatina Baudi). 

Atheta (Metaxya) gemina (Erichson) 
Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop.; {Atheta (Metaxya) gemina Er.). 

Atheta (Atheta) harwoodi Williams 
Donisthorpe, 1931b: Owl. 

— , 1947: Pigeon; {Atheta harwoodi 'WiWms.) . 

Reclaire and Van Der Wiel, 1936: Owl; {Atheta harwoodi Will.). 
Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. corone L.; {Atheta harwoodi Will.). 
Williams, 1930: Owl. 

Atheta (Datomicra) hodierna (Sharp) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Atheta hodierna Sharp). 

— , 1937: Swan; {Atheta hodierna Sharp). 



105 

Donisthorpe, 1939: Swan; {Atheta hodierna Sharp). 
Ihssen, 1935: Mowe; {Atheta hodierna Sharp). 

Atheta (Metaxya) hygrotopora (Kraatz) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Swan; {Atheta hygrotopora Kr.). 
— ■ • 1937- Swan; {Atheta hygrotopora Kr.). 

— ; 1939' Swan; {Atheta hygrotopora Kr.). 

Atheta (Microdota) indubia (Sharp) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Magpie; {Atheta indubia Sharp). 

— , 1939: Magpie; {Atheta indubia Sharp). 

Atheta (Atheta) inoptata (Sharp) 
Donisthorpe, 1931a: Carrion crow; {Atheta inoptata Sharp). 

— . 1931c: Swan; {Atheta inoptata Sharp). 

— , 1937: Swan; {Atheta inoptata Shzirp) . 
~~ • 1939- Swan; {Atheta inoptata Sharp). 

Atheta (Microdota) inquinula (Gravenhorst) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Wiedehopf; {Atheta inquinula Grav.). 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Atheta inquinula Grav.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Atheta inquinula Grav.). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia eiconia L., Upupa epops; {Atheta inquinula 
Grav.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) intermedia (Thomson) 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta intermedia Thorns.). 

Atheta (Badura) ischnocera Thomson 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta ischnocera Thorns.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) laevana (Mulsant and Rey) 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Atheta laevana Mul.). 

— , 1937: Hawk; {Atheta laevana Muh.). 

— , 1939: Hawk; {Atheta laevana Muls.). 

Atheta (Acrotona) laticollis (Stephens) 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Atheta laticollis Staph.). 

— , 1939: Hawk; {Atheta laticollis Steph.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) livida (Mulsant and Rey) 
Falcoz, 1914: Titmouse; {Atheta livida Muls.). 
Gerhard, 1909: PMeise; {Atheta livida Muls.). 



io6 

Atheta (Chaetida) longicornis (Gravenhorst) 
Doiiisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Atheta longicornis Gr.) . 

— , 1939: Swan; {Atheta longicornis Gr.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L.; {Atheta longicornis Grav.). 

Atheta (Pelurga) luridipennis (Mannerheim) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Atheta luridipennis Mann.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) marcida (Erichson) 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Atheta (Dimetrota) marcida 

Er.). 

Atheta (Liogluta) microptera (Thomson) 
Strand, 1944: Asia flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta microptera Thorns.). 

Atheta (Microdota) mortuorum Thomson 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta mortuorum Thorns.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) miinsteri Bernhauer 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta miinsteri Bemh.). 

Atheta (Atheta) nidicola (Johansen) 
Buck, 1955: Birds' nests; {Atheta (Tetropla) nidicola (Job.)). 
Donistborpe, 1928: Hawk; {Atheta nidicola Johan.). 

— , 1930: Hawk, crow; {Atheta (Atheta) nidicola ]o\\2insen) . 

— , 1931 : Hawk, crow, magpie; (Atheta nidicola). 

— , 1931a: Carrion crow; {Atheta nidicola John.) . 

— - , 1937: Hawk, crow, magpie; {Atheta nidicola Johan.). 

— , 1939: Hawk, crow, magpie; {Atheta nidicola Joban.). 
Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Atheta nidicola). 

Johansen, 1914: Birds' nests; {Homalota (Tetropla) nidicola Jobansen). 
Joy, 1930: Buteo vulgaris. Accipiter nisus, Pica pica, Corvus corax; 
{Atheta nidicola Johan.). 

— , 1932: Hawk; {Atheta nidicola Joh.) . 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Atheta (Atheta) nidicola Johans.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Corvus comix L., Pica pica L., Fringilla 
coelebs L., Regulus regulus L., Turdus philomelus (sic) Brehm, 
Erithacus rubecula L., Accipiter nisus L., Certhia fa7niliaris L., 
Parus major L., P. ater L., Muscicapa striata Pall., M. hypoleuca 
Pall., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Hirundo rustica L., Colaeus 
(sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Atheta nidicola Johans.) . 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo buteo L.; {Atheta nidicola 
Joban.). 

Rapp, 1933: Elster; {Atheta nidicola Johans.). 

— , 1935: Elster; {Atheta nidicola Johans.). 



107 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Martin, heron, carrion crow; (Atlieta 7iidi- 

cola Johans. ) . 
Schmaus, 1936: Mausebussard, Krahe; (Atheta nidicola). 
Spittle, 1947a: Ardea cinerea cinerea L.; [Atheta nidicola Joh.). 

— , 1947b: Corvus c. corone L.; [Atheta nidicola Joh.). 
Strand, 1937: Bird's nest; [Atheta nidicola Johs."). 

— , 1944: Raptors; [Atheta nidicola Johs.). 

Atheta (Pycnota) nidorum Thomson 
Roubal, 191 7: Hoopoe; [Atheta par adoxa 'Key). 

Atheta (Pachnida) nigella (Erichson) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; [Atheta nigella Er.). 

— , 1931c: Swan; [Atheta riigellaEr. ) . 

— , 1937: Swan; [Atheta nigella Er.) . 

— , 1939: Swan; [Atheta nigella Er.) . 

Spittle, 1949b: Fulica atra atra L.; Podiceps cristatus cristatus L.; 
[Pachnida nigella Er.). 

Atheta (Atheta) nigricornis (Thomson) 
Bennett, i9i2:Owl; [Homalota nigricornis Th.) . 

Bickhardt, 1907a: Starling; (Atheta nigricornis). Birds' nests; [Atheta 
nigricornis Thorns.) . 
— ■ , 1907c: Birds' nests; [Atheta nigricor?iis Thorn.) . 

— , 191 1 : Turmfalke, Wiedehopf, Dohle, Specht, Star; [Atheta iiigri- 
cornis Thorns.). 

Blair, 1931 : Rook; [Atheta nigricornis Th.). 

Boyd, 1932: Passer montanus montanus; (Atheta nigricornis) . 

— ■ ^ 1935^- Passer montanus montanus: [Atheta nigricornis Th.). 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; [Atheta nigricornis Th.) . 

— , 1931a: Birds' nests, carrion crow; [Atheta nigricornis Th.). 

— , 1935a: Ardea cinereaE.; [Atheta (Atheta) nigricornis Th.) . 

— , 1937: Hawk, crow, jackdaw, birds' nests; [Atheta 
nigricornis Th. ) . 

— , 1939: Hawk, crow, jackdaw, birds' nests; [Atheta nigricornis Th.). 
Dorn, 1913: Accipiter nisus L., crow; [Atheta nigricornis Thorns.). 
Ermisch and Langer, 1939: Meise; [Atheta nigricornis Thorns.). 
Everts, 1922: Birds' nests; [Atheta nigricornis Th.). 

Falcoz, 1913: Starling; [Atheta nigricornis Thorns.) . 

— , 1 9 14: Woodpecker, titmouse, starling, falcon, raven, crow, pigeon, 
sparrow hawk; [Atheta nigricornis Th.). 

Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; [Atheta nigricor- 
nis (Thoms.) ). 

Gerhard, 1909: Specht, Star, ?Meise; [Atheta nigricornis Thoms.). 

Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Atheta nigricornis). 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon, sparrow, Meise, Rotschwanz; [Atheta nigricor- 
nis Thoms.). 



io8 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoenicurus 
Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Columha domestica 
L., Dendrocopus medius Koch, Picus viridis L.; {Atheta nigricornis 
Th.). 

Joy, 1906c: Bird's nest; {Atheta nigricornis). Bird's nest; {Homalota 
nigricornis Th.) . 

— , 1930: Buteo vulgaris, Accipiter nisus; {Atheta nigricornis Th.). 

— , 1932: Birds' nests; {Atheta nigricornis Th.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Atheta nigricornis Thova?,.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Atheta (Atheta) nigricornis Thorns.). 
Parus major major L., Columba oenas L., Passer montanus monta- 
nus (L.) ; {Atheta nigricornis Thorns.). 

— , ig^jh: Columba oenas L,.; {Atheta nigricornis Thorns.) . 
Leruth, 1935: Woodpecker, titmouse, starling, falcon, raven, crow, 

pigeon, sparrow hawk; {Atheta nigricornis Thomson). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Atheta nigricornis Thorn.). 
Linke, 1906: Taubenschlag; {Atheta nigricornis Thorns.) . 

Nordberg, 1906: Falco peregrinus Tunst., Corvus comix L., Fringilla 
coelebs L., Turdus pilaris L., T. philomelus (sic) Brehm., Haliaetus 
(sic) albicilla L., Parus major L., P. atricapillus L., Muscicapa 
hypoleuca Pall., Accipiter gentilis L., A. nisus L., Certhia familiaris 
L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Hirundo rustica L., Delichon ur- 
bica L., Mergus merganser L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Sturnus 
vulgaris L., Dryocopus martius L., Dryobates major L., Aegolius 
junereus L., Falco tinnunculus L., Columba oenas L. ; {Atheta ni- 
gricornis Thorns.) . 

O'Mahony, 1939b: Blackbird; {Atheta nigricornis Thorns.). 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo buteo L.; {Atheta nigricornis 
Thoms.). 

Rapp, 1933: Elster, Blaumeise; {Atheta nigr oc or nis Thorns.). 
— • , 1935: Elster, Blaumeise; {Atheta nigricornis Thoms.) . 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Martin, heron, carrion crow; {Atheta nigri- 
cornis Thoms.). 

Roubal, 1907: Falco tinunculus (sic), Dendrocopus major, Upupa epops, 
Corvus monedula; {Atheta nigricornis Th.). 

— , 1913: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; {Atheta nigricornis 
Thomps.). 

— , 1929: Buteo buteo L.; {Atheta nigricornis Thoms.). 

■ — ■ , 1930: Birds' nests, Buteo butepo (sic); {Atheta nigricornis 

Thoms. ) . 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Atheta nigricornis Th.) . 

— , 1908: Falco tinnunculus, Dendrocopus major, Upupa epops, Cor- 
vus monedula; {Atheta nigricornis Thoms.). 

Schmaus, 1936: Starling; (Atheta nigricornis). 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Woodpecker, starling; {Atheta nigricornis Th.). 

Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Atheta nigricornis Thoms.). 

Spittle, 1947a: Ardea cinerea cinerea L.; {Atheta nigricornis Th.). 



I09 

Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. corone L.; {Atheta Jiigricornis Th.). 

— , 1948: Riparia r. riparia L.; (Atheta nigricornis Th.). 

— ■ , 1949a: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm, Strix aluco sylvatica Shaw, 
Tyto alba alba Scop.; {Atheta nigricornis Th.). 
Strand, 1944: Raptors; {Atheta nigricornis Thorns.). 
Zirk, 1928: Waldkauz, Krahe; {Atheta nigricornis Thorns.). 

Atheta (Atheta) nigritula (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Atheta boletobia Th.). 
■ — ■ , 1937: Hawk; {Atheta nigritula Gr.) . 

— , 1939: Hawk; {Atheta nigritula Gr. {boletobia Fowl.) ) . 

Atheta (Bessobia) occulta (Erichson) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Taubenschlag; {Atheta occulta Er.). 

— , 1907a: Taubenschlag; {Atheta oculta (sic) Er.). 

— , 191 1 : Taubenschlag; {Atheta occulta Er.). 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Atheta (Bessobia) occulta Er.). 

— , 1938: Owl; {Atheta occulta Er.). 

— , 1939: Owl; {Atheta occulta Er.). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Pigeon; {Atheta occulta Er.). 
Heidenreich, 1907: Taubenschlag; {Atheta occulta Er.) . 
Schaufuss, 1908: Columba domestica; {Bessobia occulta Er.). 

Atheta (Datomicra) oloriphila Keys 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Atheta oloriphila Keys). 
— ■ , 1939: Swan; {Atheta oloriphila Keys) . 
Keys, 1933: Swan. 
Leleup, 1947c: Cygnes. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Swan; {Atheta oloriphyla (sic)). 

Atheta (Liogluta) pagana (Erichson) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Bird's nest; {Atheta pagana Er.). 

— , 1939: Bird's nest; {Atheta pagana Er.) . 

Atheta (Philhygra) palustris (Kiesenwetter) 
Szekessy, 1944: Stork; {Atheta palustris Kiesv^.) . 
Weber, 1938: Stork; (Atheta palustris). 

Atheta (Acrotona) parva (Sahlberg) 
Heselhaus, 1914: Pigeon; {Atheta parva Sahib.). 

— , 19 15: Columba domestica L.; {Atheta parva Sahib.). 

Atheta (Badura) parvula (Mannerheim) 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; (Atheta parvula). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Microglossa parvula 
Mannheim (sic) ). 



Strand. 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta parvula Mannh.). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Atheta parvula Mannh.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) picipennis (Mannerheim) 
Nordberg, 1936: Pica pica L., Turdus pilaris L.. Dryocopus martins L.; 

{Atheta picipennis Mann.). 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta picipennis Mann.). 

Atheta (Traumoecia) picipes (Thomson) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Taubenschlag; {Atheta picipes Thorns.) . 
— ■ , 1907a: Taubenschlag; {Atheta picipes Thorns.). 

— , 191 1 : Taubenschlag; {Atheta picipes Thorns.). 

du Buysson, 1923: Birds' nests; {Traumoecia picipes Thorns.). 
Falcoz, 1914: Pigeon; {Atheta picipes Thorns.) . 
Heidenreich, 1907: Taubenschlag; {Atheta picipes Thorns.). 

Atheta (Acrotona) pygmaea (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Atheta pygmaea Gr.). 
— ■ , 1931c: Swan; {Atheta pygmaea Gr.) . 
■ — - , 1937: Swan; {Atheta pygmaea Gra.v.) . 

— , 1939: Swan; {Atheta pygmaea Grav.). 

Atheta (Metaxya) sequanica (Brisout) 
Rapp, i933:Krahe; {Atheta seguanica (sic) Bris.). 
— • , 1935: Krahe; {Atheta seguanica (sic) Bris.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) setigera (Sharp) 
Nordberg, 1936: Parus atricapillus L.; {Atheta setigera Sharp). 

Atheta (Atheta) sodalis (Erichson) 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Atheta (Atheta) sodalis Er.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Turdus pilaris L.: Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Riparia 

riparia L.; {Atheta sodalis Er.). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Atheta sodalis Er.). 

Atheta (Coprothassa) sordida (Marsham) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Atheta sordida Marsh.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Atheta sordida Marsh.). 

Atheta (Datomicra) sordidula Erichson) 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta sordidula Er.). 

Atheta (Dimetrota) sparre-schneideri Munster 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta sparre schneideri (sic) 
Miinst.). 



Atheta (Microdota) spatuloides Benick 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Atheta spatuloides Benick). 

Atheta (Microdota) subtilis (Scriba) 
Strand. 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; [Atheta subtilis Scriba). 

Atheta (Ceritaxa) testaceipes (Heer) 

Linke, 1906: Krahe; {Atheta testaceipes Heer) . 
Rapp, 1933: Uferschwalbe; {Atheta testaceipes Heer). 

— , 1935- Uferschwalbe; {Atheta testaceipes Heer). 

Atheta (Atheta) triangulum (Kraatz) 
Linke, 1934: Elster; {Atheta triangulum Kr.). 

Atheta (Atheta) trinotata (Kraatz) 
Blair. 1931 : Rook; {Atheta trinotata Kr.). 
Donisthorpe, 1931a: Carrion crow; {Atheta trinotata Kr.). 

— . 1937: Crow; {Atheta trinotata Kr.). 
— ■ • 1939- Crow; {Atheta trinotata Kr.). 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Turdus merula L.; {Atheta trinotata Kr.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Heron, carrion crow; {Atheta trinotata Kr.). 

Spittle, 1947a: Ardea cinerea cinerea L.; {Atheta trinotata Kr.). 

— , 1947b: Corvus c. corone L.; {Atheta trinotata Kr.). 

Atheta (Metaxya) vaga (Heer) 

West, 1928 — 1937: Eider duck; {Atheta melanocera Thomson). 

Atheta (Thinobaena) vestita (Gravenhorst) 
Falcoz. 1 9 14: Biset; {Atheta vestita Graven.). 
Joy, 1909: Rock-dove; {Homalota vestita Grav.). 
West. 1928 — 1937: Eider duck; {Atheta vestita Gr.). 

Atheta (Atheta) xanthopus (Thomson) 
Rapp, 1933: Taubenschlag; {Atheta xanthopus Thorns.). 

Atheta (Datomicra) zosterae (Thomson) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Wiedehopf, Taubenschlag; {Atheta celata Th.). Turm- 

falke; {Atheta zosterae Thorns.). 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Atheta zosterae Th.) . 

— , 1937: Moorhen; {Atheta celata Th.) . Swan; {Atheta zosterae 
Th.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Atheta celata Th.). Swan; {Atheta zosterae Th. 
{nigra Fowler) ). 

Joy, 1930: Corvus cor ax; {Atheta (Datomicra) zosterae Th.). 
Palm. 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Atheta zosterae Th.). 



Roubal, 1907: Falco tinunculus (sic) ; {Atheta zoster ae Thorns.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Falco tinnunculus; {Atheta zosterae Thorns.). 
Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. cor one L.; {Datomicra zosterae Th.). 

— , 1948: Riparia r. riparia L.; {Datomicra zosterae Th.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Stork; {Atheta nigra Kr.). 

Weber, 1938: Stork; (Atheta nigra). 

Autalia rivularis (Gravenhorst) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Autalia rivularis Grav.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Autalia rivularis Grav.). 

Bledius atricapillus Germar 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Uferschwalbe; {Bledius nanus Er.). 

Bledius fracticornis (Paykull) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Bird's nest; {Bledius fracticornis Pk.). 

— , 1939: Bird's nest; {Bledius fracticornis Pk.). 

Bledius tricornis (Herbst) 
Nordberg, 1936: Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Columba domestica L.; 
{Bledius diota Schiodte). 

Carpelimus corticinus (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Trogophloeus corticinus Grav.). 

— , 1931c: Swan; {Trogophloeus corticinus Gra.v.) . 

— , 1937: Swan; {Trogophloeus corticinus Steph..). 

— 3 1939- Swan; {Trogophloeus corticinus Grsiv.). 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Trogophloeus corticinus Grav.). 

— , 1948: Corvus comix L., stork; {Trogophloeus corticinus Grav.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Corvus comix; {Trogophloeus corticinus 
Grav. ) . 

Carpelimus impressus (Boisduval and Lacordaire) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Trogophloeus impressus Boild.). 

Carpelimus obesus (Kiesenwetter) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Trogophloeus obesus Kiesw.). 

Carpelimus pusillus (Gravenhorst) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.); {Trogophloeus pusillus Grav.). 
— - , ig^o: Ciconia ciconia h.; {Trogophloeus pusillus Grav.). 

Cordalia obscura (Gravenhorst) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Specht; {Falagria obscura Grav.). 
Falcoz, 1914: Woodpecker, jackdaw; {Falagria obscura Grav.). 
Gerhard, 1909: Dohle, Specht; {Falagria obscura Gravh.). 
Roubal, 191 7: Hoopoe; {Falagria obscura Grav.). 



"3 

Coryphium angusticolle Stephens 
Bennett, 1888: Bird's nest; (Coryphium angusticolle). 

— • , 1912: Bird's nest. 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie. 
Murray, 1934: Chaffinch. 

Crataraea sp. 

JelHson and Phihp, 1933: Pica pica hudsonicus (sic); Cratraeca 
(sic) sp.). 

Crataraea suturalis (Mannerheim) 
Bickhardt, 1907b: Birds' nests; [Crataraea suturalis Mannh., Micro- 

glossa suturalis Sahib.). 
■ — , 1907c: Birds' nests; {Micro glossa suturalis Sahib.). 

— , 191 1 : Specht, birds' nests; [Crataraea suturalis Mannh.). 
Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop.; [Crataraea suturalis Man.). 
Donisthorpe, 1930a: ?Hawk, Pmagpie; [Microglossa saturalis (sic) 

Sahib.). 

— , 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; [Crataraea suturalis Mannh.). 
— • , 1937: Birds' nests; [Microglossa suturalis Sahib.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; [Microglossa suturalis Sahib.). 
Gerhard, 1909: Griinspecht; [Crataraea suturalis yidiXinh..). 
Falcoz, 1914: Woodpecker; [Crataraea suturalis yidinnYi.) . 
Joy, 1906a: Great-tit; (Microglossa suturalis) . 

— , 1906c: Bird's nest; [Microglossa suturalis ?i2i\i\h.) . 
Leleup, 1947c: Athene noctua vidalii (Brehm), chouette cheveche; 

[Crataraea suturalis Mannh.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Dryocopus martins L., 

Dryobates major L., Aegolius junereus L., Coluryiba oenas L.; 

[Crataraea suturalis Mannh.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; [Microglossa suturalis Sahib.). 
Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Woodpecker, Haustaube; [Crataraea suturalis 

Mannh.). 
Thiem, 1906: Habicht; [Microglossa suturalis ^3h\h.) . 

Cypha laeviusculum (Mannerheim) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Jackdaw; [Hypocyptus laeviusculus Mann.) . 

— 5 1939- Jackdaw; [Hypocyptus laeviusculus Mann.) . 

Deubelia picina (Aube) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Moorhen; [Ocyusa picina Auhe) . 

— , 1939: Moorhen; [Ocyusa picina Auhe) . 

Drusilla canaliculata (Fabricius) 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; [Astilbus canali- 
culatus F.). 

— , 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 



114 

Edaphus bliihweissi Scheerpcltz 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 

Elonium sp. 

Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds* nests; {Coprophilus sp.). 

Elonium pennifer (Motschulsky) 
Kirschenblatt, 1936: Swallow; (Coprophilus dimidiatipennis). 

Encephalus complicans Stephens 
Walker, 1932: Birds" nests: {Encephalus complicans Westwood). 

Erichsonius cinerascens (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Actobius cinerascens Gr.) . 

— , 1931c: Moorhen; {Actobius cinerascens Grax.). 

— ■ , 1937: Swan, moorhen; {Actobius cinerascens Gra.\.). 

— , 1939: Swan, moorhen; (Actobius cinerascens Grav.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Actobius cinerascens Grav.). 

Spittle, 1949b: Fulica atra atra L., Podiceps cristatus cristatus L ; 
{Erichsonius cinerascens Gr.). 

Erichsonius signaticornis (Mulsant and Rev) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Actobius signaticornis Key) . 

Euryusa optabilis Heer 

Bickhardt, 191 1 : Specht. 

du Buysson, 1923: Birds' nests; {Euryusa laticollis Heer). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Woodpecker. 

Gerhard, 1909: Specht. 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Dendrocopus medius Koch, Picus viridis L. 

Leleup, 1947c: Pic vert. 

• — , ig^-je: Picus viridis I'irescens (Brehmi. 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meise. 

Euryusa sinuata Erichson 
du Buysson, 1923: Birds' nests. 

Evanystes circellaris (Gravenhorst) 
Bickhardt, 191 1: Specht; {Sipalia circellaris Grav.). 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Sipalia circellaris Grav.). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Woodpecker, puffin; {Sipalia circellaris Grav.). 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Sipalia circel- 
laris {Gr.)). 
Gerhard. 1909: Specht. ?Meise; {Sipalia circellaris Gravh.). 



115 

Joy, 1909: Puffin; {Homalota circellaris Gr3.v.) . 

Leruth. 1935: Woodpecker, puffin; {Sipalia circellaris Grav.). 

— . 1939: Woodpecker, puffin; {Sipalia circellaris Grav.). 

Falagria (Falagria) splendens Kraatz 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Falagria splendens Kraatz). 

Gynpeta carbonaria (Mannerheim) 
Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L. : {Gynpeta carbonaria 

Man.). 

Haploglossa sp. 

Erichson. 1858: Birds' nests. 

Fenyes, 19 18: Birds" nests; {Microglotta sp.). 

Kirschenblatt, 1936: Birds' nests; {Microglossa sp.). 

— , 1937; Birds' nests; {Microglossa sp.) . 

Leleup, 1947m: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm; {Microglotta sp. ). 
McAtee, 1927a; Birds' nests; (Microglossa). 

Snyder and Shannon, 1919: Riparia riparia (L.); {Microglotta sp.). 
Zumpt, 1928; Starling, birds' nests; {Microglossa sp.). 

Haploglossa gentilis (Markel) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Owl; {Microglossa gentilis M.a.rk.). 
— • , 1907a; Owl, starling; {Microglossa gentilis M-dirk.). 

— , 1907c; Owl, starling; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

— , 191 1 ; Owl. starling, woodpecker; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 
Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop.; {Microglotta gentilis Mark.). 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Owl, birds' nests; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

— , 1939: Owl, birds' nests; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 
du Buysson, 1923; Owl, wryneck; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

Everts, 1922: Sparrow-hawk, jackdaw; {Microglossa gentilis 'Luntvadinn) . 

Fagel, 1947; Raptors; {Microglotta gentilis hune.). 

Falcoz, 1914: Owl, woodpecker, starling, titmouse; {Microglossa genti- 
lis Markel ) . 

Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubccula melophilus Hart.; {Microglotta 
gentilis (Markel) ). 

Johansen, 1914: Owl, birds' nests; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

Joy, 1905: Owl; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

— , 1906a; Owl, {Microglossa gentilis yi-'axk.). 

— , 1906c; Owl, starling; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

— , 1932: Owl; {Microglossa gentilis yVirV.) . 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Microglotta gentilis Mark."). Chouette 

cheveche; {Microglotta gentilis humm. (sic)). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952; Owl; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 
Roubal, 1907; Dendrocopus major; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Owl, starling; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

— , 1908: Dendrocopus major; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 



Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Starling, owl; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

Sg., 1907: Starling, owl; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; [Microglotta gentilis Mark.). 

Spittle, 1949a: Strix aluco sylvatica Shaw, Tyto alba alba Scop.; 

{Microglotta gentilis Mark.). 
Walker, 19 10: Starling; (Microglossa gentilis). 
— • , 1932: Owl; {Microglossa gentilis M.2irk.). 
Zirk, 1928: Waldkauz, birds' nests; {Microglossa gentilis Mark.). 

Haploglossa marginalis (Gravenhorst) 
Bennett, 191 2: Birds' nests; {Microglossa marginalis Gyll.). 
Bickhardt, 1907: Starling; {Microglossa marginalis Grav.) . 

— , 1907a: Starling, owl; {Microglossa marginalis GyW.) . 
— ■ , 1907c: Starling; {Microglossa marginalis GyW.) . 

— ■ , 191 1 : Star, Eule, Wiedehopf, Specht, Taubenschlag; {Microglossa 
marginalis Grav.). 
Chitty, 1906: Starling; {Microglossa marginalis Gyll.). 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; {Microglossa marginalis Gyll.). 
— ■ , 1939: Birds' nests; {Microglossa marginalis Gyll.). 
du Buysson, 1923: Starling, green woodpecker, owl; {Microglossa mar- 
ginalis Gyll.). 
Everts, 1922: Starling, pigeon, woodpecker: {Microglossa marginalis 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Starling, woodpecker, pigeon, jackdaw; {Microglossa mar- 
ginalis Grav.). 

Gerhard, 1909: Specht, Taubenschlag, Buntspecht; {Microglossa mar- 
ginalis Gravh. ) . 

Johansen, 1904: Owl; {Haploglossa rufipennis Kr.). 

— , 1 9 14: Birds' nests; {Microglossa marginalis Gra.v.) . 
Joy, 1905: Starling; {Microglossa marginalis Gyll.). 

— , 1906c: Starling; {Microglossa marginalis GyW.) . 

— , 1932: Birds' nests; {Microglossa marginalis GyW.) . 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Microglossa marginalis Gyll.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Woodpecker, birds' nests, Parus major L., mesanges 
bleues, sittelle; {Microglotta marginalis Gyll.). 
• — • , 1 947i : ParM5 sp.; {Microglotta marginalis GyW.). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meise, Taubenschlag, birds' nests: {Mi- 
croglossa marginalis Grav. ) . 

Nordberg, 1936: Accipiter gentilis L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryocopus 
martins L.; {Microglossa marginalis Grav.). 

Reclaire and Van Der Wiel, 1936: Starling; {Microglossa marginalis 
GylL). 

Rosenberg, 1913: Birds' nests; {Microglossa marginalis Gyll. {rufipennis 
Kr., Heer) ) . 

Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Microglossa margirialis Grav.). 

— 5 1913- Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; {Microglossa margina- 
lis Grav. ) . 



117 

Schaufuss, 1907: Starling; {Microglossa marginalis GylL). 

— , 1908: U pupa epops; {Microglossa marginalis Gra.v.) . 
Schmaus, 1936: Starling, Hohltaube; (Microglotta marginalis). 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Woodpecker, owl, starling; {Microglossa mar- 
ginalis Grav.). 
Sg., 1907: Starling, birds' nests; {Microglossa marginalis GylL). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Microglotta marginalis Grav.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Strigidae, Accipiter gentilis, Paridae, 
Sturnus vulgaris, Dryocopus martius, Upupa epops, Columba do- 
mestica; {Microglotta marginalis Grav.). 

Williams, 1927: Starling; {Microglossa marginalis Gyll.). 

Haploglossa nidicola (Fairmaire) 
Agrell, 1945: Sand-martin; (Microglossa nidicola). 
Bickhardt, 1907: Uf erschwalbe ; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
— • , 1907a: Mauerschwalbe; {Microglossa nidicola Faivm.). 

— , 1907b: Bank swallow ; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

— , 1907c: Mauerschwalbe; {Microglossa nidicola Ydivcm.). 

— , 1 9 1 1 : Uf erschwalbe ; {Microglossa nidicola FaLivm.). 

— , 1 9 1 3 : Uferschwalbe ; (Microglossa nidicola). 
Carr, 1916: Sand-martin; {Microglossa nidicola Fair.). 
Cornelius, 1869: Hirmido riparia; {Aleochara nidicola Fairmaire). 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Sand-martin; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

— 5 1939: Sand-martin; {Microglossa nidicolaFdavm.) . 
Douglas, 1867: Sand-martin; (Haploglossa nidicola). 

— , 187 1 : Hirundo riparia; {Haploglossa nidicola Fairmaire). 

du Buysson, 1923: Cotyle riparia Boie. ; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Erichson, 1858: Swallow; {Aleochara nidicola Fairmaire {Haploglossa 

pulla {GyW.))). 
Everts, 1903: Hirundo riparia; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Fagel, 1946: Cotyle riparia; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
— • , 1947: Sand-martin; {Microglotta nidicola Fairm.) . 
Fairmaire, 1852: Hirondelles de rivages; {Aleochara nidicola Fairm.). 
Falcoz, 1 914: Sand-martin, starling, titmouse; {Microglossa nidicola 

Fairm. ) . 
Fowler, 1888: Sand-martin; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Ganglbauer, 1895: Hirundo riparia L.; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Gridelli, 1924: Hirundo riparia; (Microglossa nidicola). 
Gruardet, 1929: Swallows; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Heim de Balsac, 1938: Riparia riparia, sparrow; (Microglotta nidicola). 
Heselhaus, 1914: Cotyle riparia Boie.; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

— , 1915: Cotyle riparia Boie.; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

— , 1923: Uferschwalbe; {Microglossa nidicola Fairmdiire) . 
Johansen, 19 14: Hirundo riparia L.; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Joy, 1905: Sand-martin; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

— • , 1906c: Sand-martin; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.) . 

— , 1932: Sand-martin; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 



ii8 

Kirschenblatt, 1936: Swallow; (Microglossa nidicola). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Microglotta nidicola Fairm.). 
— , I947i: Riparia riparia L.; {Microglotta nidicola Fairm.). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Uferschwalbe; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

Lindroth and Palm, 1934: Backsvale; {Microglotta nidicola Fairm.). 

Linke, 1906: Hirundo riparia L.; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Troglodytes aedon; {PMicroglotta nidi- 
cola Fairm.). Myiarchus crinitus; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Riparia riparia L.; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

Palm, 1938: Backsvale; {Microglotta nidicola Fairm.). 

Paulian, 1943: Bird's nest, hirondelle de rivage; {Microglotta nidicola 

Fairm. ) . 
— • , 1950a: Hirondelle de rivage; {Microglossa nidicola Fainn.) . 

Rapp, 1933: Uferschwalbe; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
■ — " ? 1935: Uferschwalbe; {Microglossa nidicola Yairm.) . 

Reitter, 1909: Hirundo riparia L.; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

Rosenberg, 1913: Bank swallow, raven; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Sand-martin; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

Roubal, 1907: Cotyle riparia; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

— , 1930: Cotyle cotyle; {Microglotta nidicola Fairm.). 
Sahlberg, 1876: Hirundo riparia; {Nanoglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Uferschwalbe, Mauerschwalbe ; {Microglossa nidicola 

Fairm.). 

— , 1908: Cotyle riparia; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Riparia riparia; {Microglotta nidicola 

Fairm.). 
Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Hirundo riparia; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Sg., 1907: Uferschwalbe; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Spittle, 1948: Riparia r. riparia L.; {Microglotta nidicola Fair.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Microglotta nidicola Fairm.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Microglossa nidicola 

Farman (sic) ). 
Zirk, 1928: Uferschwalbe, birds' nests; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 
Zumpt, 1928: Hirundo riparia L.; {Microglossa nidicola Fairm.). 

Haploglossa picipennis (Gyllenhal) 

Agrell, 1945: Birds of prey; (Microglossa picipennis). 

Czwalina, 1885: Heron; {Microglossa picipennis Gyllh.). 

Donisthorpe, 1931b: Buteo vulgaris, birds' nests; {Microglossa picipen- 
nis Gyll) . 

Dorn, 1913: Accipiter nisus L., crow; {Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 

Falcoz, 1914: Jackdaw, sparrow hawk; {Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 

Hellen, 1932: Pernis apivorus; {Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 

Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Microglossa picipennis). 

Horion, 1936a: Raptor, Wespenbussard, Mausebussard, Habicht; {Mi- 
croglotta picipennis Gyll.). 



119 

Johansen, 19 14: Birds" nests; {Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 
Joy, 1930: Buteo vulgaris; {Microglossa picipennis GyllJ . 

— , 1932: Buzzard; [Microglossa picipennis GyW.) . 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Birds' nests; [Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Haliaetus (sic) 

albicilla L., Accipiter gentilis L., A. nisus L., Buteo buteo L., Parus 

ater L., Falco tinnunculus L.; [Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo buteo L.; [Microglotta picipennis 

Gyll.). 
Reclaire and Van Der Wiel, 1936: Accipiter gentilis gallinarum Brm.; 

[Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 
Reitter, 1909: Birds' nests; [Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Buzzard, raptors; [Microglossa picipennis 

Gyll.). 
Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L.; [Microglotta picipennis Gyll.). 

— , 1930: Birds' nests, Buteo buteo, Dendrocopus sp.; [Microglotta 
picipennis Gyll.). 

Riischkamp, 1935: Starling; [Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 

Schmaus, 1936: Mausebussard ; (Microglotta picipennis). 

Seidlitz, 1891: Reiher; [Stichoglossa (Ischnoglossa) picipennis Gyll.). 

Strand, 1937: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo buteo L., Circus cyaneus L., 
Accipiter nisus L., Aster (sic) palumbarius L.; [Microglossa pici- 
pennis Gyll.). 

— , 1^2)^: Accipiter nisus 'L., Aster (sic) palumbarius h.; [Microglossa 
picipennis Gyll.) . 

Thiem, 1906: Habicht; [Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 
Zumpt, 1928: Raptors; [Microglossa picipennis Gyll.). 

Haploglossa pulla (Gyllenhal) 
Bickhardt, 1907a: Woodpecker, starling; [Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 
— - , 1907c: Woodpecker, starling, swallow; [Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

— , 191 1 : Woodpecker, starling; [Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 
Cornelius, 1869: Hirundo riparia; [Haploglossa pulla Gyll.). 
Day, 1908: Great tit; [Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; [Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; [Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 
Dorn, 19 13: Accipiter nisus L.; [Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 
Douglas, 187 1 : Hirundo riparia; [Haploglossa pulla Gyll.). 

du Buysson, 1923: Starling, green woodpecker, owl, tree sparrow; 

[Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 
Engelhart, 1901 — 1902: Sandsvalen; [Haploglossa pulla Gyll.). 
Ermisch and Langer, 1939: Meise; [Microglotta pulla Gyllh.). 
Everts, 1922: Sparrow, blackbird, titmouse, woodpecker: [Microglossa 

pulla Gyll.). 
Falcoz, 1914: Starling, titmouse, jackdaw, sparrow hawk; [Microglossa 

pulla Gyll). 
Fowler, 1888: Sand-martin, finch, quail; [Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 



Freeman, 1946: Erithacus ruhecula melophilus Hart.; [Microglotta pulla 
(Gyll.)). 

Heim de Balsac, 1938: Parus major, starling, jackdaw, sparrow hawk, 
Troglodytes sp., Cinclus sp., Motacilla cinerea, Erithacus sp.; (Mi- 
croglotta pulla). 

Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Microglossa pulla). 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Turdus merula L., Dendrocopus medius Koch, Picus 
viridis L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoenicu- 
rus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; [Microglossa 
pulla Gy\l). 

Jeannel, 1942: Birds' nests; {Microglossa pulla GylL). 

Johansen, 1904: Birds' nests; {Haploglossa pulla Gyll.). 

— , 1 9 14: Birds' nests; {Microglossa pulla GyW.) . 

Joy, 1905: Titmouse, starling, flycatcher, owl; {Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

— , 1906a: Starling; {Microglossa pulla GyW.) . 

— , 1906c: Tit, flycatcher, starling; {Microglossa pulla GyW.). 

— , 1932: Tit, starling; {Microglossa pulla GyW.) . 
La Garde, de, 1909: Blue-tit; (Microglossa pulla). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 
Leleup, 1946: Parides, grives; {Microglotta pulla Gyll.). 

— , 1947c: Parus major major L., birds' nests, mesange; {Microglotta 
pulla GyW.). 

— , 1947J: Parus major L.; {Microglotta pulla Gyll.). 
Linke, 1906: Dohle; {Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Phylloscopus trochilus L., Bubo bubo L., Corvus cor 
nix L., Pica pica L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Fringilla coelebs L. 
Regulus regulus L., Turdus pilaris L., T. philomelus (sic) Brehm 
T. musicus L., Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Accipiter gentilis L. 
A. nisus L., Passer domesticus L., Certhia familiaris L., Parus ma 
jor L., P. ater L., P. atricapillus L., Muscicapa striata Pall., M 
hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Hirundo rustica L. 
Delichon urbica L., Riparia riparia L., Mergus merganser L., Co 
laeus (sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryocopus martius L. 
Dryobates major L., Falco tinnunculus L., Columba oenas L. 
{Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Microglotta pulla Gyll.). 

Paulian, 1943: Hirondelle de rivage, mesange; {Microglotta pulla Gyll.). 

Reitter, 1909: Birds' nests; {Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

Rosenberg, 1913: Birds' nests; {Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Tit; {Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L. ; {Microglotta pulla Gyll.). 
— • , 1930: jBw^eo sp.; {Microglotta pulla GyWh.) . 

Schaufuss, 1907: Specht, Star; {Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests; {Microglotta pulla Gyllh.). 

Schmaus, 1936: Starling; (Microglotta pulla). 

Scholtz and Hinke, 1919: Woodpecker, starling; {Microglossa pulla 
Gyll.). 



Sg., 1907: Meise, Fliegenschnapper, Star; {Microglossa ptilla Gyll.). 

Strand. 1938: Trastereir; {Microglossa pulla GyU.) . 

Thiem. 1906: Habicht; {Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

Walker, 1932: Owl; {Microglossa pulla Gyll.). 

Zirk, 1928: Gartenrotschwanz; {Microglossa pulla Gyllh.). 

Heterothops sp. 

Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds' nests. 

Heterothops dissimilis (Gravenhorst) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Heterothops dissimilis Grav.). 
SchaufusSj 1908: Upupa epops; {Heterothops dissimilis Grav.). 

Heterothops praevius Erichson 
Fauvel, 1875: Pigeon; {Heterothops praeviaEr. ) . 
Hinton, 1945: Pigeon. 

Leleiip, 1947c: Athene noctua vidalii (Brehm), birds' nests, chouette 
cheveche; {Heterothops praevia Er.). 

— , 1947m: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm; {Heterothops praevia Er.). 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Heterothops praevia Er.). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Heterothops praevia Er.). 

Spittle, 1948: Riparia r. riparia L.; {Heterothops praevius Erichs. var. 

niger Kr. ) . 
Xambeu, 191 3: Pigeon. 

Homoeusa acuminata (Markel) 
du Buysson, 1923: Birds' nests; {Homoeusa acuminata Mark.). 

Hygronoma dimidiata (Gravenhorst) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Hygronoma dimidiata Grav.). 

Lathrobium sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 

Leleup, 1947m: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm. 

Lathrobium brunnipes (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Lathrobium brunnipes Y.) . 

— , 1937: Moorhen; {Lathrobium brunnipes Y.) . 
— ■ , 1939: Moorhen; {Lathrobium brunnipes ¥.). 

Lathrobium elongatum (Linnaeus) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Moorhen; {Lathrobium elongatum L., Lathrobium 
elongatum L. ab. fraudulentum Ganglb.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Lathrobium elongatum L., Lathrobium elonga- 
tum L. ab. fraudulentum Ganglb.). 



Lathrobium longiusculum Gravenhorst 

Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Oxypoda longiuscula Gr.). 
— ■ J 1937' Swan; {Oxypoda longiuscula Grav.). 

— 5 1939- Swan; {Oxypoda longiuscula Grav.). 

Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; {Oxypoda longius- 
cula Gr. ) . 

Lathrobium terminatum Gravenhorst 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen, swan. 

— , 1937: Moorhen, swan. 
- — • , 1939: Moorhen, swan. 

Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L. 

Leptacinus batychrus (Gyllenhal) 
Rapp, 1933: Uferschwalbe ; {Leptacitius bathychrus (sic) Gyll.). 

— , 1935: Uferschwalbe; {Leptacinus bathychrus (sic) Gyll.). 
Rosenberg, 1913: Bird's nest; {Leptacinus linearis Grav.). 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Leptacinus bathychrus (sic) 

— • , ig^o: Ciconia ciconia h.; {Leptacinus batychrus Gyll.). 

Lesteva heeri Fauvel 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Swan. 

— , 1937: Swan. 

— , 1939: Swan; {Lesteva heeri Fa.uv. {sicula Fowl.) ) . 

Lesteva monticola Kiesenwetter and Markel 

Walker, 1938: Puffin; {Lesteva sharpi Rye) . 

Medon sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 
Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds' nests. 

Medon (Medon) fusculus (Mannerheim) 
Rapp, 1933: Uferschwalbe; {Medon fusculus Mannh.). 

— , 1935: Uferschwalbe; {Medon fusculus Mannh.) . 

Medon (Pseudomedon) obsoletus (Nordmann) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Medon obsoletus Nordm. ) . 

Medon (Hypomedon) propinquus (Brisout) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; {Medon propinquus Bris.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Medon propinquus Bris.). 

Megarthrus affinis Miller 

Jeffery, 192 1 : Fowl's nest; {Megarthrus affinis Miill.). 



123 

Megarthrus sinuatocollis (Boisduval and Lacordaire) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; [Megarthrus sinuatocollis Boisd.j. 

Meotica exilis (Erichson) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Swan; (Atheta exilis Er.) . 

— , 1937: Swan; [Atheta exilis Er. (^ Meotica exilis)). 
— - , 1939: Swan; (Atheta exilis Er.) . 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; (Atheta exilis Er.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Motacilla alba L., Mergus merganser L.; (Atheta exilis 
Er.). 

Mycetoporus brunneus (Marsham) 
Lehnert. 1933: Birds' nests; (Mycetoporus brunneus Mrsh.). 

Mycetoporus nigrans Maklin 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; (Mycetroporus (sic) nigrans 

Makl.). 

Myllaena sp. 

Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen. 

Myllaena dubia (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; (Myllaena dubia Gr.). 
— • , 1937: Swan, moorhen; (Myllaena dubia Grav.). 

— J 1939' Swan, moorhen; (Myllaena dubia Grav.). 

Myllaena intermedia Erichson 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Moorhen; (Myllaena intermedia Er.). 
— • , 1939: Moorhen; (Myllaena intermedia Er.) . 

Ocyusa (Mniusa) incrassata (Mulsant and Rey) 
Spittle, 1947a: Ardea cinerea cinerea L.; (Mniusa incrassata Rey). 

Ocyusa (Ocyusa) maura (Erichson) 
Donistliorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; (Ocyusa maura Er.). 

— , 1937: Moorhen, swan; (Ocyusa maura Er.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen, swan; (Ocyusa maura Er.). 

Oligota (Oligota) atomaria Erichson 

Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. cor one L.; (Oligota atomaria Er.). 

Oligota (Oligota) punctulata Heer 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Bird's nest; (Oligota punctulata Heer). 

— , 1939: Bird's nest; (Oligota punctulata Heer). 



124 

Oligota (Oligota) pusillima (Gravenhorst) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Oligota pusil- 
lima (Gr.) ). 

Omalium sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 
Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus. 
Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds' nests. 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Omalium (Omalium) allardi Fairmaire & Brisout 
Bennett, 1912: Owl; {Homalium allardi Fa.ir.) . 
Falcoz, 1914: Pigeon, carrier pigeon; {Omalium allardi Fairm.). 
Fowler, 1888: Pigeon, birds' nests; {Homalium allardi Fairm.). 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Columba domestica L.; {Omalium allardi Fairm.). 
Joy, 1909: Rock-dove; {Homalium allardi Fairm.) . 
Leruth, 1939: Pigeon, birds' nests; {Omalium allardi Fairm.). 

Omalium (Omalium) brevicolle Thomson 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Omalium strigicolle Wank.). 

Omialium (Omalium) caesum Gravenhorst 

Bickhardt, 191 1 : Taube, Fasan; {Omalium caesum Grav.). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Pigeon; {Omalium caesum Grav.). 

Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Omalium cae- 
sum Gr.). 

Leruth, 1935: Pigeon; {Omalium caesum Gravenhorst). 
— , 1939: Pigeon; {Omalium caesum Gravenhorst). 

Nordberg, 1936: Oenanthe oenanthe L.; {Omalium caesum Grav.). 

Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops, Columba domestica, Phasianus colchicus; 
{Omalium caesum Grav.). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops, Columba domestica, Phasiarius colchicus; 
{Omalium caesum Grav.). 

Schmaus, 1936: Baumpieper; (Omalium caesum). 

Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Omalium caesum Grav.). 

West, 1928 — 1937: Eider duck; {Omalium caesum Grav.). 

Omalium (Omalium) excavatum Stephens 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.: {Omalium exca- 
vatum Steph.). 

Omalium (Omalium) laeviusculum Gyllenhal 

West, 1928 — 1937: Eider duck; {Omalium laeviusculum Gyllenhal). 

Omalium (Omalium) riparium Thomson 
Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. corone L.; {Omalium riparium Th.). 



125 

Omalium (Omalium) rivulare (PaykuU) 
Bickhardt, 191 1: Fasan; {Omalium rivulare Payk.). 
Donisthorpe, 1931a: Carrion crow; {Homalium rivulare Pk.). 
— ■ , 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. ; {Homalium rivulare Payk.). 

— , 1937: Jackdaw; {Homalium rivulare Payk.). 

— 5 1939- Jackdaw; {Homalium rivulare Payk.). 

Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Omalium rivu- 
lare Pk.). 

Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops, Phasianus colchicus; {Omalium rivulare 
Payk.). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops, Phasianus colchicus; {Omalium rivulare 
Payk.). 

Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Omalium rivulare Payk.). 

Omalium (Omalium) septentrionis Thomson 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Omalium septentrionis 
Thorns. ) . 

Othiellus melanocephalus (Gravenhorst.) 
CorneHus, 1869: Turdus merula; (Othius melanocephalus). 
Douglas, 187 1 : Turdus merula; (Othius melanocephalus) . 
West, 1928 — 1937: Eider duck; {Othius melanocephalus Gravenhorst). 

Othiellus myrmecophilus (Kiesenwetter) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Othius myrmecophilus Kiesenwetter). 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Moorhen; {Othius myrmecophilus K.ies.) . 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Othius myrmecophilus K^iesen.) . 
West, 1928 — 1937: Eider duck; {Othius myrmecophilus Kies.). 

Oxypoda sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds" nests. 
Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds' nests. 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Oxypoda (Oxypoda) lateralis Mannerheim 

Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Oxypoda lateralis Mannh.). 

Oxypoda (Podoxya) lentula Erichson 

Zirk, 1928: Uferschwalbe; {Oxypoda lentula Er.). 

Oxypoda (Oxypoda) lividipennis Mannerheim 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Oxypoda lividipennis Mann.). 

Oxypoda (Disochara) nigrocincta Mulsant and Rey 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Oxypoda nigrocincta Muls.). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Oxypoda nigrocincta Muls.). 



126 

Oxypoda (Oxypoda) opaca (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; [Oxypoda opaca Grav.). 
Nordberg. 1936: Muscicapa hypoleiica Pall.; {Oxypoda opaca Grav.). 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Oxypoda opaca Grav.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Oxypoda opaca Grav.). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.. Ardea cinerea, Muscicapa hypoleuca; 
( Oxypoda opaca Grav. ) . 

Oxypoda (Baeoglena) recondita Kraatz 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests: {Oxypoda recondita Kr.). 

— , 1939: Birds" nests; {Oxypoda recondita Kr.). 

Johansen, 19 14: Birds' nests; {Oxypoda (Demosoma) recondita Kr.). 
Palm. 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Oxypoda recondita Kr.). 

Oxypoda (Podoxya) sericea Heer 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; {Oxypoda nigrina Waterh.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Oxypoda nigrina Waterh.) . 
Everts, 1922: Wagtail; {Oxypoda sericea Heer). 
Heselhaus, 1914: Bird's nest; {Oxypoda sericea Heer). 

— , igi ^: Turdus merula h.; {Oxypoda sericea Heer). 

Oxypoda (Podoxya) skalitzkyi Bernhauer 

Strand, 1944: Asio flamrneus Pontopp.; {Oxypoda skalitzkyi Bernh.). 

Oxypoda (Podoxya) umbrata (Gyllenhal) 

Bickhardt, 191 1 : Fasan; {Oxypoda umbrata Gyll.). 

Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops, Pliasianus colchicus; {Oxypoda umbrata 
Gyll.). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops, Pliasianus colchicus; {Oxypoda um- 
brata Gyll.). 

Oxypoda (Oxypoda) vittata Markel 
Sick, 1940: Krahe; {Oxypoda vittata Mark.). 

Oxytelus sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 
Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L. 
Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds' nests. 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Oxytelus complanatus Erichson 
Leleup, 1947c: Passer montanus montanus (L.). Moineau friquet; {Oxy- 
telus (Anotylus) complanatus Er.). 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Oxytelus complanatus Er.). 

Oxytelus fairmairei Pandelle 
Fagel, 1946: Titmouse; {Oxytelus (Anotylus) fairmairei Pandelle). 



127 

Oxytelus fulvipes Erichson 
Szekessy, 1950: CicoJiia ciconia L. 

Oxytelus hamatus Fairmaire and Laboulbene 
Rapp, 1935: Bird's nest. 

Oxytelus insecatus Gravenhorst 
Roubal, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Oxytelus inustus Gravenhorst 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Heselhaus, 1915: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie., Turdus 

merula L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoenicurus 

Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Oxytelus laqueatus (Marsham) 
Strand, 1944: Asio jlammeus Pontopp.; {Oxytelus laqueatus Marsh.). 

Oxytelus nitidulus Gravenhorst 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds" nests. 

— , 1939: Birds' nests. 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops. 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops. 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L. 

Oxytelus rugosus (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Oxytelus rugosus F.). 

— , 1937: Thrush; {Oxteylus rugosus Gr2i\.] . 

— . 1939: Thrush; {Oxytelus rugosus Grav.). 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Oxytelus rugosus ¥.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Oxytelus rugosus ¥.). 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Oxytelus rugosus Fbr. ). 

Oxytelus sculpturatus Gravenhorst 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests. 

— , 1939: Birds' nests. 

Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie.. Parus ma- 
jor L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoenicurus Bp., Passer domesti- 
cus L., Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Oxytelus sculpturatus Hear). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops. 

Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. cor one L. 

Oxytelus tetracarinatus (von Bloch) 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Oxytellus (sic) tetracarinatus "^Xock (sic)). 

— . 1931c: Moorhen; {Oxytellus (sic) tetracarinatus Block (sic)). 



128 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Moorhen, hawk: {Oxytelus tetracarinatus 
Block (sic)). 

— , 1939: Moorhen, hawk; {Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic)). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Titmouse; {Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic)). 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Par us major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoenicu- 

rus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Oxytelus 
tetracarinatus Block (sic)). 

Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic)). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic)). 

Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L.; {Oxytelus tetracarina- 
tus Block (sic) ). 

Szekessy, 1944: Stork; {Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic)). 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic) ). 
Weber, 1938: Stork; {Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic)). 

Paederus riparius (Linnaeus) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus corjiix L.; {Paederus riparius L.). 

Philonthus sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 
Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds' nests. 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Philonthus albipes (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Philonthus albipes Gr.) . 

— , 1937: Swan; {Philonthus albipes Gv.) . 

— 5 1939- Swan; {Philonthus albipes Gv.) . 

Philonthus appendiculatus (Sharp) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Philonthus appendiculatus Sharp). 

Philonthus atratus (Gravenhorst) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Philonthus atratus Grav.). 

Philonthus cephalotes (Gravenhorst) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Taubenschlag; {Philonthus cephalotes Grav.). 

— , 1907a: Taubenschlag; {Philonthus cephalotes Grav.). 

— , 191 1 : Taubenschlag; {Philonthus cephalotes Grav.). 
Falcoz, 1914: Pigeon, wild goose; {Philonthus cephalotes Grav.). 
Heidenreich, 1907b: Taubenschlag; {Philonthus cephalotes Grav.). 
Joy, 1909: Gannet; {Philonthus cephalotes Grav.). 

— , 1930: Buteo vulgaris; {Philonthus cephalotes Grav.). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Philonthus cephalotes Grav.). 

Philonthus chalceus Stephens 
Donisthorpe, 1928: Hawk; {Philonthus proximus Kr.) . 

— , 1939: Hawk; {Philonthus proximus K.r.) . 

Hinton, 1945: Hawk; {Philonthus (Philonthus) succiola Thomson) . 



129 

Philonthus concinnus (Gravenhorst) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Philonthus concinnus Grav.). 

— , ig^o: Ciconia ciconia h.; {Philonthus concinnus Grav.) . 

Philonthus coruscus (Gravenhorst) 
Rye, 1873: Bird's nest; {Philonthus eheninus corruscus (sic)). 

Philonthus corvinus Erichson 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Philonthus debilis (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Philonthus debilis Gr.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Philonthus debilis Gr.) . 

Philonthus fimetarius (Gravenhorst) 
Roubal, 1917: Hoopoe; {Philonthus fimetarius Graw) . 

Philonthus fuscipennis Mannerheim 
Rapp, 1933: Uferschwalbe. 

— , 1935: Uferschwalbe. 

Philonthus fuscus (Gravenhorst) 
Bennett, 1912: Owl; {Philonthus fuscus Gr.) . 
Bickhardt, 1907a: Owl, starling; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

— , 1907c: Owl, starling, swallow; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.) . 

— , 191 1 : Starling, owl, woodpecker, Hohltaube; {Philonthus fuscus 
Grav.). 

Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Philonthus fuscus Gr.). 

— , 1949: Picus viridis pluvius Hart.; {Philonthus fuscus Graven- 
horst var. syrouatkai Roub.) . 

Chitty, 1906: Starling; {Philonthus fuscus Gr.) . 

Donisthorpe, 1931a: Hawk, magpie, jackdaw, Dendrocopus major, D. 
ryiinor; (Philonthus fuscus). 
— • , 1931b: Bird's nest; {Philonthus fuscus Gr. var. syrovatkaiKouhal ) . 

— , 1937: Magpie, hawk, jackdaw, birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus 
Grav.). 

— , 1939: Magpie, hawk, jackdaw, birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus 
Grav.). 

Duffy, 1945: Woodpecker; {Philonthus fuscus Gr.). 
Edmonds, 1931 : Starling; {Philonthus fuscus var. syrouatkai Roub.). 
Everts, 1922: Woodpecker, birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus Gr.). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Woodpecker, titmouse, starling, pigeon, jackdaw, wry- 
neck; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 
Fowler, 1888: Stock-dove, birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 



130 

Gerhard, 1909: Specht, Griinspecht, ?Meise. Bimtspecht. Star. Hohl- 

taube, birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.j. 
Heselhaus, 1914: Sparrow, Meise, Rotschwanz; {Philonthus fuscus 

Grav.). 

— , 1915: Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoenicurus 
Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dendrocopus me- 
dius Koch, Picus viridis L.; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.) . 

Jeannel, 1942: Birds' nests; (Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

Johansen, 19 14: Birds' nests; {Philonthus (Philonthus) fuscus Grav.). 

Joy, 1904: Woodpecker; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

— , 1906a: Owl; {Philonthus fuscus Gr.) . 

— , igo6c: Owl, Sturnus vulgaris h.; {Philonthus fuscus Gv.). 

— , 1932: Birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus Gr.). 
Kirschenblatt, 1936: Birds' nests; (Philonthus fuscus). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

Leleup. 1947c: Birds' nests; {Philonthus (s. str.) fuscus Grav.). Birds' 
nests, Columba oenas L., Passer montanus montanus (L.), Picus 
viridis virescens (Brehm), Athene noctua vidalii (Brehm) ; {Phi- 
lonthus fuscus Grav'.). 

— . ig^yh: Columba oenas L.; {Philonthus fuscus Gtslv.) . 

— , I g^jl: Passer montanus montanus {h.) : {Philonthus fuscus Gv.). 

— , 1947m: Athene Jioctua vidalii Brehm; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meise; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Corvus comix L., Fringilla coelebs L., 

Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Accipiter nisus L., Mergus merganser 
L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Falco tinnunculus L., Columba do- 
mestica L. ; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.) . 

Palm. 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

Pool, 1907: Starling; {Philonthus fuscus Gr.) . 

Rapp. 1933: Krahe; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

— , 1935: Krahe; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 
Reitter, 1909: Birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 
Rosenberg, 1913: Bird's nest; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 
Roubal, 1907: Dendrocopus major, Upupa epops; {Philonthus fuscus 

Grav.). 

— . 191 3: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; {Philonthus fuscus 
Grav.). 

— , 1917: Krahe: {Philonthus fuscus Grav.) . 

— , 1930: Birds' nests: {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 
Riischkamp, 1932a: Waldkauz; (Philonthus fuscus). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Starling, owl; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.) . 

— , 1908: Dendrocopus major, Upupa epops; {Philonthus fuscus 
Grav.). 

Schmaus, 1936: Starling, Mausebussard, Krahe, Hohltaube; (Philonthus 
fuscus). 



Scholz and Hinke. 19 19: Woodpecker, pigeon: {Philonthus fuscus 
Grav.). 

Sg., 1907: Starling, owl; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

Spittle, 1949a: Tyto alba alba Scop.; {Philonthus subuliformis Gr.). 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). Stork; 
{Philonthus fuscus Hbst.). 
— 3 1950- Ciconia ciconia L.. Bubo bubo, Corvus comix, Fringilla 
coelebs, Haliaectus albicilla, Accipiter jiisus, Mergus merganser, 
Colaeus (sic) monedula, Sturnus vulgaris, Dryobates major, Falco 
tinnunculus, Columba domestica, C. oenas; {Philonthus fuscus 
Grav. ) . 

Wanka, von, 1927: Birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

Weber, 1938: Stork; {Philonthus fuscus L,.) . 

Williams, 1927: Starling: {Philonthus fuscus Gr.). 

Zirk, 1928: Birds' nests; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

Zumpt, 1928: Starling, raptors; {Philonthus fuscus Grav.). 

Philonthus laminatus (Creutzer) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; {Philonthus laminatus Creutz.). 

— ■ . 1939: Birds' nests; {Philonthus laminatus Creutz.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Mergus mer- 
ganser L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Philonthus laminatus 
Creuz. ) . 

Philonthus lepidus (Gravenhorst) 
Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Philonthus lepidus var. gilvipes Er.). 

Philonthus marginatus (Strom) 
Heselhaus, 1915: Turdus ryierula L. ; {Philonthus ynarginatus Strom). 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L.; {Philonthus marginatus Strom). 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Philonthus marginatus Strom) 

Philonthus micans (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Philonthus micans Grav.). 

• — , 1937: Swan; {Philonthus micans Grax). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Philonthus micans Grav.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Philonthus micans Grav.). 

Philonthus nigritulus (Gravenhorst) 
Blair, 1931: Rook; {Philoyithus nigritulus Grav.). 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Gabrius nigritulus Gr.) . 
Spittle, 1948: Riparia r. riparia L.; {Gabrius nigritulus Gr.). 

Philonthus nigriventris Thomson 
Joy, 1930: Buteo vulgaris. 
Strand. 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp. 



132 

Philonthus politus (Linnaeus) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Wiedehopf; [Philonthus aeneus Rossi). 
Joy, 1930: Buteo vulgaris; {Philonthus aeneus Rossi). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo buteo L.; [Philonthus politus L.). 
Roubal, 1907: Hoopoe; [Philonthus aeneus Rossi). 

— , 1929: Buteo buteo L.; [Philonthus politus L.). 

— , ig^o: Buteo buteo; [Philonthus politus h.) . 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; [Philonthus aeneus Rossi). 
Schmaus, 1936: Mausebussard ; (Philonthus politus). 

Spittle, 1947a: Ardea cinerea cinerea L.; [Philonthus aeneus Ross.). 

Philonthus sordidus (Gravenhorst) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Taubenschlag; [Philonthus sordidus Grav.). 

— , 1907a: Taubenschlag; [Philonthus sordius Gra,v.). 

— , 191 1 : Taubenschlag; [Philonthus sordius Grav.). 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; [Philonthus sordidus Gr.). 
Falcoz, 1914: Pigeon; [Philonthus sordidus GrSiV.). 
Heidenreich, 1907b: Taubenschlag; [Philonthus sordidus Gra.v.) . 

Lee and Ryckman, 1954: Speotyto cunicularia hypogaea (sic) (Bona- 
parte) ; [Philonthus sordidus Grav.) . 
Nordberg, 1936: Columba oenas L.; [Philonthus sordidus Grav.). 
Roubal, 1929: Buteo buteo L.; [Philonthus sordidus Grav.). 

— , 1930: Buteo buteo; [Philonthus sordidus Grav.). 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Columba domestica, Columba oenas; 
[Philonthus sordidus Grav.). 

Philonthus splendens (Fabricius) 
Nordberg, 1936: Phoenicurus phoenicurus L.; [Philonthus splendens 
Fabr.). 

Philonthus splendidulus (Gravenhorst) 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; [Philonthus splendidulus Gra.v.) . 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; [Xantholinus splendidulus Gra.v.). 

Philonthus umbratilis (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; [Philonthus umbratilis Gr.). 

— , 1931c: Moorhen; [Philonthus umbratilis Gr.). 

— - , 1937: Moorhen, swan; [Philonthus umbratilis Gr.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen, swan; [Philonthus umbratilis Gr.). 

Philonthus varius (Gyllenhal) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Moorhen; [Philonthus varius Gyll.). 

— ■ , 1939: Moorhen; [Philonthus varius GyU.) . 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Pica pica L., Columba oenas L.; 

[Philonthus varians Grav.). 
Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L.; [Philonthus varius 
Gyll.). 



133 

Philonthus ventralis (Gravenhorst) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Philonthus ventralis Grav.). 






.TV. 




Philonthus vernalis (Gravenhorst) 
Roubal, 191 7: Amsel; {Philonthus vernalis Grav.). / 

Phloeocharis subtilissima Mannerheirri LISRakY 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Turdus merula L. '^""t^.^J^i 

Phloeopora teres (Gravenhorst) 
Rapp, i933:Elster; {Phloeopora teres Gra.v. {corticallis Grstv.)) 
— - , i935:Elster; {Phloeopora teres Gray, {corticallis Grav.)). 

Phloeopora testacea (Mannerheim) 
Leleup, 1947c: Mesange bleue; {Phloeopora testacea Mannh.). 

Phyllodrepa sp. 

Blackwelder (1952) shows that Phyllodrepa should be used only as 
a subgenus for Hapalaraea. However, because of the widespread usage 
of Phyllodrepa as a generic taxon, this latter usage has been retained 
here. 

Gerhard, 1909: Starling. 
Jeannel, 1942: Birds' nests. 
Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds" nests. 

Phyllodrepa (Phyllodrepa) floralis (Paykull) 
Bickhardt, 1907: Taubenschlag; {Omalium florale Payk.). 

— , 1907a: Taubenschlag; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 
• — , 191 1 : Taubenschlag; {Phyllodrepa floralis Fayk.) . 

Falcoz, 1914: Gallides, pigeon; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 
Gerhard, 1909: Taubenschlag; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 
Heidenreich, 1907c: Taubenschlag; {Omalium florale Payk.). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 

■ — , 1915: Columba domestica L. ; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 
Johansen, 19 14: Birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa (Phyllodrepa) floralis 

Payk.). 
Lcruth, 1935: Pigeon; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 

— , 1939: Pigeon; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 
Lindroth, 1931 : Birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Co- 
lumba oenas L.; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 

Rye, 1873: Pigeon; {Homalium florale Payk.). 
Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Haustaube; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 
Spittle, 1949a: Tyto alba alba Scop.; {Phyllodrepa floralis Pk.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Phyllodrepa floralis Payk.). 



134 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Colaeus (sic) mojiedula, Sturnus 
vulgaris, Columba domestica, Columba oenas; {Phyllodrepa floralis 
Payk.). 

Phyllodrepa (Dropephylla) ioptera (Stephens) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Bird's nest; {Homalium iopterum Steph.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests: {Homalium iopterum Steph.). 
Falcoz, 1914: Jackdaw: {Phyllodrepa ioptera Stephens). 

Nordberg, 1936: Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Colaeus (sic) monedula 
L., Dryocopus martius L.; {Phyllodrepa ioptera Stephens). 

Roubal, 1 913: Jackdaw, starUng, sparrow, magpie: {Phyllodrepa io- 
ptera Steph. ) . 

Phyllodrepa (Phyllodrepa) melanocephala (Fabricius) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L. ; {Phyllodrepa melanocephala F.). 

Phyllodrepa (Phyllodrepa) nigra (Gravenhorst) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Specht: {Phyllodrepa floralis v. nigra Grav.). 
Everts, 1922: Birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa nigra Grav.). 
Falcoz, 1914: Woodpecker, titmouse: {Phyllodrepa floralis v. 7iigra 

Grav.). 
Gerhard, 1909: Specht, ?Meise; {Phyllodrepa nigra Gravh.). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon; {Phyllodrepa nigra Grav.). 

— , 1915: Columba domestica L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., 
Erithacus phoenicurus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris 
L.; {Phyllodrepa nigra Grav.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Woodpecker, pigeon; {Phyllodrepa (s. str.) nigra Grav.). 

— , 19476: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm) ; {Phyllodrepa nigra 
Grav.). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Specht, Meise; {Phyllodrepa nigra Grav.). 
Rapp, 1933: Magpie; {Phyllodrepa nigra Grav.). 

— , 1935- Magpie; {Phyllodrepa nigra Grav.). 
Sick, 1939: Bird's nest; {Phyllodrepa nigra Grav.). 

Phyllodrepa (Phyllodrepa) puberula Bernhauer 
Donisthorpe, 1930: Bird's nest; {Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.). 
Falcoz, 1914: Jackdaw; {Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.). 
Joy, 1926: Bird's nest; {Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.). 

— , 1932: Birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa puberula Bern.) . 
Leruth, 1935: Jackdaw; {Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.). 

— 5 1939: Jackdaw; {Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.). 
O'Mahony, 1939b: Pigeon; {Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.). 

— ■ , 1940a: Pigeon; {Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.) . 

— , 1945: Wren, house martin; {Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.) . 
Roubal, 1913: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie: {Phyllodrepa pube- 
rula Bernh.) . 



135 

Phyllodrepa (Hapalaraea) pygmaea (Gyllenhal) 
Bickhardt, 1907a: Birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa pygmaea Gyll., Hapalaraea 
pygmaea Payk.). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; {Hapalaraea pygmaea Payk.). 

— , 191 1 : Birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa pygmaea Gyll.). 

Everts, 1922: Birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa (Hapalaraea) pygmaea Gyll.). 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Starling, birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa (Hapalaraea) pyg- 
maea Gyll.) . 
Joy, 1906a: Starling; {Hapalaraea pygmaea Payk.). 
— ■ , 1906c: Bird's nest; {Hapalaraea pygmaea Pk.) . 
— ■ , 1932: Birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa pygmaea GyW.). 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests, mesange charbonniere; {Phyllodrepa 
(Hapalaraea) pygmaea Gyll.). 

— , 1947I: Parus major major L.; {Hapalaraea pygmaea Gyll.) . 
Nordberg, 1936: Sturiius vulgaris L.; {Phyllodrepa (Hapalaraea) pyg- 
maea Gyll.) . 

Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Hapalaraea pygmaea Payk.). 
Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Birds' nests; {Phyllodrepa pygmaea Gyll.). 
Sick, 1940: Owl; {Phyllodrepa pygmaea Gyll.). 

Platydracus pubescens (DeGeer) 

Nordberg, 1936: Somateria mollissima L., Motacilla alba L., Columba 
oenas L.; {Staphylinus pubescens DeGeer) . 

Platystethus arenarius (Fourcroy) 
Heselhaus, 1915: Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoenicu- 
rus Bp., Passer domesticus L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Platysthetus 
(sic) arenarius YcY.). 

Proteinus atomarius Erichson 

Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 

Proteinus brachypterus (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; {Proteinus brachypterus F.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Proteinus brachypterus ¥.) . 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Proteinus brachypterus F.). 

Proteinus ovalis Stephens 
Donisthorpe. 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 

Heselhaus, 1915: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie.; {Proteinis 
(sic) ovalis Steph.) . 

Ouedius sp. 

Falcoz, 1914a: Birds' nests. 
Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 
Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds' nests. 



136 

Ouedius aetolicus (Kraatz) 
Donisthorpe, 1930: Birds' nests; {Quedius aetolicus Kr.). 
— ■ , 1937: Birds' nests; {Quedius aetiolicus (sic) Kr.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Quedius aetiolicus (sic) Kr.). 
Gridelli, 1924: Birds' nests; {Quedius aetolicus Kr.). 
Joy, 1913: Owl; {Quedius sub apicalis ]oy) . 

Quedius brevicornis Thomson 

Bickhardt, 1907a: Starling; (Quedius brevicornis). Birds' nests. 

— , 1907c: Swallow, birds' nests. 

— , 191 1 : Star, Specht. 
Buck, 1 951: Tyto alba Scop. 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Hawk, birds' nests. 

— , 1939: Hawk, birds' nests. 
Everts, 1922: Birds' nests. 

Falcoz, 19 14: Starling, woodpecker, titmouse, pheasant. 

— , 1914a: Starling, woodpecker, titmouse, pheasant. 

Fowler and Donisthorpe, 1913: Birds' nests; (Quedius brevicornis). 
Gerhard, 1909: Dohle, Specht, Star. 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Dendrocopus medius Koch, Picus viridis L. 
Jeannel, 1942: Birds' nests. 
Johansen, 19 14: Birds' nests. 
Joy, 1906a: Owl, starling. 
— ■ , 1906c: Starling, birds' nests. 

— . 1932: Birds' nests. 
Kiinnemann, 1913: ?Specht. 

Leleup, 1947b: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm). 

— , 1947c: Birds' nests, pic, mesange, sittelle, colombin; {Quedius 
(Microsaurus) brevicornis Thorns.). Birds' nests, Columba oenas 
L., Picus viridis virescens (Brehm). 

— , i947f: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm). 

— , i947h: Columba oenas L., bird's nest. 

■ — , 1947J: Parus major L., Sitta europaea Kleinschmidt. 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo buteo L. 
Paulian, 1943: Birds' nests. 
Pool, 1907: Wood-pigeon. 
Rosenberg, 1913: Woodpecker, bird's nest. 
Roubal, 1907: Phasianus colchicus. 

— ■ , 1930: Bird's nest; {Quedius brevicornis Y.X.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests. 

• — ■ , 1908: Phasianus colchicus. 
Schmaus, 1936: Starling; (Quedius brevicornis). 
Scholz and Hinke, 191 9: Starling, woodpecker. 
Sg., 1907: Birds' nests. 
Sick, 1939: Birds' nests. 

— , 1940: Pheasant, owl, birds' nests. 



137 

Spittle, 1949a: Tyto alba alba Scop. 
Walker, 19 10: Starling; (Quedius brevicornis). 
Wanka, von, 1927: Birds' nests. 
Waterhouse, 1871a: Starling. 
Zirk, 1928: ?Specht. 

Quedius brevis Erichson 
Nordberg, 1936: Dryocopus martins L. 

Quedius cruentus (Olivier) 

Buck, 1952: Tyto alba Scop.; {Quedius cruentus Ol.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Quedius cruentus Ol.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Athene noctua vidalii (Brehm) ; {Quedius cruentus var. 
vir ens Kotih.) . Chouette cheveche; {Quedius (Microsaurus) cruen- 
tus var. virens Rottb. ) . 

— , 1947m: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm; {Quedius cruentus var. 
uirens Rottb.). 

Quedius dryadum Peyerimhoff 
Peyerimhoff, de, 191 7: Birds' nests; {Quedius (Microsaurus) dryadum 
Peyerimhoff). 

Quedius fulgidus (Fabricius) 
Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. cor one L.; {Quedius fulgidus F.). 

Quedius fuliginosus (Gravenhorst) 
Nordberg, 1936: Phoeniciirus phoenicurus L.; {Quedius fuliginosus 
Grav.). 

Quedius infuscatus Erichson 
Bickhardt, 1907: Birds' nests. 

— , 1907a: Birds' nests. 

— , 1 9 1 1 : Starling, birds' nests. 
Donisthorpe, 1928a: Owl, birds' nests. 

— , 1930: Birds' nests. 
— ■ , 1937: Bird's nest. 

— , 1939: Bird's nest. 
Everts, 1922: Wagtail. 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Starling, bird's nest. 

Fauvel, 1875: Birds' nests. 

Gerhard, 1909: Starling. 

Gridelli, 1924: Chouette, //irwn^o riparia. 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Birds' nests. 

— , 1 915: Turdus merula L. 

Leleup, 1947b: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm). 
— ■ , 1947c: Birds' nests, colombin, pic, mesange, chouette; {Quedius 



138 

(Microsaurus) infuscatus Er.) . Birds' nests; {Quedius (Microsaurus) 
infuscatus Thorns.). Athene noctua vidalii (Brehm), Picus viridis 
virescens (Brehm). 
Leleup, 1947J: Parus major L. 

— , 1947m: Athene noctua vidalii Brehm. 
Roubal, 1930: Birds' nests. 
Riischkamp, 1932: Bachstelze. 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: StarHng. 

Quedius lateralis (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Birds' nests; {Quedius lateralis Grav.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Quedius lateralis Grav.). 
Pool, 1907: StarHng; {Quedius lateralis Gr.). 

Quedius maurus (Sahlberg) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Quedius maurus Sahib.). 

Quedius mesomelinus (Marsham) 
Bickhardt, igo7a: Birds' nests; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 
• — • , 191 1 : Birds' nests; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 

Blair, 1931: Rook; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 

Boyd, 1932: Passer montanus montanus; (Quedius mesomelinus) . 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinera L.; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh. 1 . 

Everts, 1922: Birds' nests; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Birds' nests; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 

— , 1914a: Starling; {Quedius mesomelinus yi.2i\:'&h..) . 
Gridelli, 1924: Pigeon, birds' nests; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 
Jeannel, 1926: Birds' nests; {Quedius (Microsaurus) mesomelinus 

Marsham). 
Joy, 1906c: Bird's nest; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 

— , 1930: Buteo vulgaris; {Quedius mesoynelinus Marsh.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm); {Quedius mesomeli?ius 
Marsh.). Pic vert; {Quedius (Microsaurus) mesomelinus Marsh.). 
Leruth, 1935: Birds' nests; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 

— , 1939: Birds' nests; {Quedius mesomelinus yidir^h..). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.). 
Schmaus, 1936: Krahe; (Quedius mesomelinus). 

Quedius microps Gravenhorst 
Bickhardt, 1907: Birds' nests. 

— , 1 9 1 1 : Wiedehopf . 
Buck, 1951 : Tyto alba Scop. 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Owl. 
Gridelli, 1924: Chouette. 
lablokoff, 1943: Birds' nests. 
Joy, 1906a: Starling. 



139 

Pool, 1907: Starling. 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops. 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops. 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests. 
Roubal, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Ouedius ochripennis (Menetries) 
Everts, 1922: Magpie; [Quedius ochripennis Menetr.). 

Ouedius picipennis (Paykull) 
Nordberg, 1936: Colurnba domestica L.. Columba oenas L.; (Quedius 

molochinus Grav.). 
Strand, 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Quedius picipennis Payk.). 

Quedius scitus (Gravenhorst) 
Waterhouse, 1871: Starling; (Quedius scitus). 

Ouedius umbrinus Erichson 
Nordberg, 1936: Hirundo rustica L. 

Ouedius ventralis (Aragona) 
Bickhardt, 1907a: Birds' nests; {Quedius ventralis Arag.). 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests; {Quedius ventralis Arag.). 

— , 191 1 : Birds' nests; {Quedius ventralis Arag.) . 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Owl: {Quedius ventralis Arag.). 

— , 1939: Owl; {Quedius ventralis Ahv. (sic)). 
Everts, 1922: Birds' nests; {Quedius ventralis Arag.). 
Joy, 1906a: Owl; {Quedius ventralis Ahv. (sic)). 

— , 1906c: Birds' nests; {Quedius ventralis Ahr. (sic)). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests, pigeon colombin; {Quedius (Microsaurus) 
ventralis Arag.) . 

— , 1 947h : Co/om6a Of'na^ L.; {Quedius ventralis Ara.g.) . 
Pool, 1907: Starling; {Quedius ventralis Ahr. (sic)). 

Rosenberg, 191 3: Bird's nest; {Quedius truncicola, Quedius ventralis 

Arag. {truncicola Fairm.) ). 
Roubal, 1930: Birds' nests; {Quedius ventralis Arag.). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests; {Quedius ventralis Arag.) 
Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Birds' nests; {Quedius ventralis Arag.). 

Ouedius xanthopus Erichson 
Palm, 1 936 : Pernis apivorus L. 

Rugilus erichsoni (Fauvel) 

Szekessy, 1950: Ciconia ciconia L.; {Stilicus erichsoni Fauvel). 

Sipalia (Leptusa) fumida (Erichson) 
Leleup, 1947c: Pic vert; {Leptusa (st. str.) haemorrhoidalis Heer). 



140 

Sipalia (Pachygluta) ruficollis (Erichson) 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; (Leptusa ruficollis Er.). 

Staphylinus maxillosus Linnaeus 
Bickhardt, 1907: Taubenschlag ; [Creophilus maxillosus L.). 

— , 1907a: Taubenschlag; {Creophilus maxillosus h.). 
— - , 191 1 : Taubenschlag; {Creophilus maxillosus h.) . 

Falcoz, 1914: Pigeon; {Creophilus maxillosus h.). 
Heidenreich, 1907a: Taubenschlag; {Creophilus maxillosus h.) . 
Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea; {Creophilus maxillosus 

(L.)). 
Zumpt, 1928: Taubenschlag; {Creophilus maxillosus L.). 

Staphylinus olens Muller 
Linke, 1927: Krahe; {? Staphylinus olens M.v\\.). 

Stenus sp, 
Judd, 1954: Agelaius phoeniceus. 

Stenus (Stenus) buphthalmus Gravenhorst 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie. 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; (Stenus hoops 
Ljungh). 

Stenus (Hypostenus) cicindeloides (Schaller) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Stenus cicindeloides Grav.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen; {Stenus cicindeloides Grax.) . 

Stenus (Hemistenus) impressus Germar 
Freeman, 1945: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Stenus impressus 
Germ. ) . 

Stenus (Stenus) juno (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Stenus juno ¥.). 

— , 1937: Swan; {Stenus juno F.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Stenus juno F.). 

Nordberg. 1936: Anthus spinoletta litoralis (sic) Brehm; {Stenus juno 

Fabr.). 
Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L., Podiceps cristatus 

cristatus L.; {Stenus juno F.). 

Stenus (Hypostenus) latifrons Erichson 

Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; {Stenus latifrons Er.). 
— ■ , 1931c: Moorhen; (Stenus latifrons Er.). 



141 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan, moorhen; (Stenu^ latifrons Er.l. 
— - , 1939: Swan, moorhen; {Stenus latifrons Er.) . 
Spittle, 1949b: Podiceps cristatus cristatus L.; {Stenus latifrons Er.). 

Stenus (Tesnus) nigritulus Gyllenhal 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Stenus nigritulus Gyllh.). 

Stenus (Hemistenus) pallitarsis Stephens 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Stenus pallitarsus (sic) Steph.). 

— , 1939: Swan; {Stenus pallitarsus (sic) Steph.). 

Stenus (Hemistenus) pubescens Stephens 
Nordberg, 1936: Podiceps cristatus L.; {Stenus pubescens Steph.) . 

Stenus (Hypostenus) tarsalis Ljungh 

Donisthorpe, 1937: Swan; {Stenus tarsalis 'L]ur).gh) . 

— , 1939: Swan; {Stenus tarsalis l^]un^h.) . 

Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; {Stenus tarsalis 
Ljungh). 

Tachinus sp. 

Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 

Tachinus bipustulatus (Fabricius) 
Leleup, 1947c: Moineau friquet, bird's nest; {Tachinus (s. str.) bi- 
pustulatus F.). Passer montanus montanus (L.); {Tachinus bi- 
pustulatus F.). 

— , 1947I: Passer montanus mo7itanus (L.); {Tachinus bipustulatus 
F.). 

Tachinus corticinus Gravenhorst 
Heselhaus, 1915: Perdix cinerea Lath.; {Tachinus collaris Grav-.). 

Tachinus humeraiis Gravenhorst 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 

Tachinus littoreus (Linnaeus) 
Heselhaus, 1915: Athene noctua Gray, Syrniuni aluco Boie.; {Conurus 
pubescens Payk.) . 

Tachinus marginellus (Fabricius) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen; {Tachinus marginellus F.) . 

— , 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Tachinus marginellus F.). 

■ — - , 1937: Moorhen, birds' nests; {Tachinus marginellus ¥.). 

— , 1939: Moorhen, birds' nests; {Tachinus marginellus ¥.). 



142 

Tachinus pallipes (Gravenhorst) 
Strand. 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp.; {Tachinus pallipes Grav.). 

Tachinus proximus Kraatz 

Strand. 1944: Asio flammeus Pontopp. 

Tachinus rufipes (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedulah.; {Tachinus rufipes 

DeGeer) . 
Schmaus, 1936: Hohltaube; {Tachinus rufipes). 
Walker, 1938: Puffin; {Tachinus rufipes DeGeer) . 

Tachinus subterraneus (Linnaeus) 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.;. {Tachinus bicolor Gr., Tachinus 
subterraneus L.). 

Tachinus testaceus (Fabricius) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart.; {Conosomus test- 
aceus (F.) ). 

Tachyporus sp. 

Heseliiaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 
Stein. 1843: Passer rusticus L. 

Tachyporus chrysomelinus (Linnaeus) 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Tachyporus chrysomelinus L.). 
Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; {Tachyporus chry- 
somelinus L.). 

Tachyporus hypnorum (Fabricius) 

Cutcliffe, 1955: Apus apus; {Tachyporus lypnosum (sic)). 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie., Parus major 
L., P. caeruleus L., Erithacus phoenicurus Bp., Passer domesticus 
L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Tachyporus hypnorum ¥.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Delichon urbica L., birds' nests; {Tachyporus hypno- 
rum ¥.). 

O'Mahony, 1939b: Song thrush; {Tachyporus hypnorum ¥.). 

Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Tachyporus hypnorum Fbr.). 

Tachyporus nitidulus (Fabricius) 
Nordberg, 1936: Dryocopus martius L.; {Tachyporus nitidulus Fabr.). 

Tachyporus obtusus (Linnaeus) 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Athene noctua Gray, Syrnium aluco Boie., Columba 
domestica L.; {Tachyporus obtusus L.). 



143 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; [Tachyporus obtusus L.). 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; [Tachyporus obtusus L.). 

Spittle, 1949b: Gallinula chloropus chloropus L.; [Tachyporus obtusus 
L.). 

Tachyporus solutus Erichson 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests. 

Tinotus morion (Gravenhorst) 
Nordberg, 1936: Parus atricapillus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L.; 
[Aleochara morion Grav.). 

Xantholinus angustatus (Stephens) 
According to Blackwelder (1952) the name Xantholinus is removed to 

Gyrohypnus, and the large genus previously known as Xantholinus may 

be called Megalinus. 

Falcoz, 1914: Jackdaw; [Xantholinus angustatus Steph.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Athene noctua vidalii (Brehm) ; [Gyrohypnus angust- 
atus Steph.). Chouette cheveche; [Xantholinus (Gyrohypnus) an- 
gustatus Steph.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Emberiza hortulana L. : [Xantholinus ochraceus Gyll.). 

Roubal, 1913: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; [Xantholinus an- 
gustatus Steph.). 

Xantholinus glaber Nordmann 
Bickhardt, 1907a: Birds' nests. 

— , 1907c: Birds' nests. 

— , 1 9 1 1 : Wiedehopf , birds' nests. 

Buck, 195 1 : Tyto alba Scop.; [Xantholinus angularis Grav.). 
Donisthorpe, 1939: Owl. 
Falcoz, 1 9 14: Starling. 
Joy, 1906c: Bird's nest. 

— , 1932: Birds' nests. 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests, pigeon colombin; [Xantholinus (Metacycli- 
nus) glaber Nordm.). Colomba oenas L. 

— , i947h: Columba oenas L. 
Linke, 1906: Sperling. 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops. 
Schaufuss, 1907: Birds' nests. 

— , 1908: Upupa epops. 

Scholz and Hinke, 1 9 1 9 : Birds' nests. 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; [Xantholinus glaber Nordm., Xan- 
tholinus glaber Nordm. ab. angularis Gglb.). 
— • , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Upupa epops, birds' nests. 

Xantholinus linearis (Olivier) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Specht; [Xantholinus linearis var. longiventris Heer). 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Swan; [Xantholinus linearis 0\.) . 



144 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. ; {Xantholinus longiventris Heer). 

— ■ , 1937: Swan; {Xantholinus linearis 0\.) . 

— ■ 3 1939: Swan; {Xantholinus linearis 0\.) . 
Falcoz, 1914: Green woodpecker; {Xantholinus linearis Ol.). 
Gerhard, 1909: Griinspecht; {Xantholinus linearis var. longiventris H.). 
Leleup, 1947c: Athene noctua vidalii (Brehm) ; {Xantholinus linearis 

Oliv.). Chouette cheveche; {Xantholinus (s. str.) linearis 0\iv.) . 
Rapp, 1933: Uferschwalbe; {Xantholinus linearis Ol. ) • 

— 3 1935: Uferschwalbe; {Xantholinus linearis 0\.). 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Xantholinus linearis Oliv.). 

Xantholinus punctulatus (Paykull) 
Donisthorpe, 1931a: Carrion crow; {Xantholinus punctulatus Pk.). 

— , 1939: Crow; {Xantholinus punctulatus Payk.). 
O'Mahony, 1939b: Herring gull; {Xantholinus punctulatus Pa.yk.) . 
Roubal, 1907: Upupa epops; {Xantholinus punctulatus Payk.). 

— , 1929: Buteo buteo L.; {Xantholinus punctulatus Payk.). 

— , 1930: Buteo buteo; {Xantholinus punctulatus Payk.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Upupa epops; {Xantholinus punctulatus Payk.). 

Xantholinus tricolor (Fabricius) 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Xantholinus tricolor 
Fabr.). 

Xylodromus sp. 

Kirschenblatt, 1937: Birds' nests. 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Xylodromus concinnus (Marsham) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Pigeon; {Xylodromus concinnus Mrsh.j. 
Donisthorpe, 1930a: ?hawk, Pmagpie; {Homalium concinnum Marsh.). 

■ — , 1937: Hawk, birds' nests; {Homalium concinnum Marsh.). 

- — ■ , 1939: Hawk, birds' nests; {Homalium concinnum Marsh.). 
Everts, 1903: Pigeon; {Xylodromus concinnus M.a.rsh..) . 
Falcoz, 1914: Pigeon; {Xylodromus concinnus yLarsh.) . 
Freeman, 1946: Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hart. 
Heidenreich, 1907c: Taubenschlag; {Xylodromus concinnus Marsh.). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon; {Xylodromus concinnus Mrsh.). 

— , 1915: Columba domestica L.; {Xylodromus concinnus Mrsh.). 
Leruth, 1935: Pigeon; {Xylodromus concinnus Marsham). 

— ■ , 1939: Pigeon; {Xylodromus concinnus Marsham). 
Roubal, 1907: Columba domestica; {Xylodromus concinnus Mrsh.). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Columba domestica; {Xylodromus concinnus Marsh.). 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests; {Xylodromus concinnus Mrsh.). 

Xylodromus depressus (Gravenhorst) 
Donisthorpe, 1930a: ?hawk, Pmagpie; {Homalium deplanatum Gyll.). 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Xylodromus depressus Grav.). 



145 

Xylodromus testaceus (Erichson) 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Pigeon; {Xylodromus testaceus Erichson). 
Falcoz, 1914: Pigeon; {Xylodromus testaceus Erichson) . 
Everts, 1922: Pigeon; {Xylodromus testaceus Erichson) . 
Roubal, 1907: Columba domestica; {Xylodromus testaceus Erichson). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Columba domestica; {Xylodromus testaceus Er.). 

Family TENEBRIONIDAE 
Undetermined 

Dobroscky, 1925: House sparrow. 

Alphitobius sp. 

Britton, 1940: Bycanistes cristatus Riipp. 

Alphitobius piceus (Olivier) 
Kemper, 1938a: Starling; {Alphitobius piceus Oliv.). 
Roubal, 1917: Starling; {Alphitobius piceus 0\.) . 

Alphitophagus bifasciatus (Say) 
Leleup, 1947c: Athene noctua uidalii Brehm, chouette cheveche, birds' 
nests, choucas; {Alphitophagus bifasciatus Say). 
■ — , 1947m: Athene noctua uidalii Brehm; {Alphitophagus bifasciatus 
Say). 

Embaphion elongatum Horn 
Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 

Helops convexulus Leconte 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine). 
Jellison and Philip, 1933: Pica pica hudsonicus (sic). 

Martianus heroni (Carter) 

Hindwood, 1951: Finch; (Platydema heroni). 

McKeown, 1942: Red-browed finch, birds' nests; {Platydema heroni 
Cart). 

Omolipus sp. 
Hindwood, 1 95 1 : Megalurus timoriensis. 

Pentaphyllus testaceus Hellwig 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests, choucas. 

Platydema grjebinei Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus s^.; {Platydema 
grjebinei) . 
— ■ , 1952: P/ocgu.y sp. 



146 

Platydema tetraspilotum (Hope) 
Chisholm, 1952: Various finches; (Platydema pascoei). 
Hindwood, 1951: Various finches; (Platydema tetraspilotum). Taenia py- 
gia castanotis, Steganopleura bichenovii, Aegintha temporalis, Lon- 
chura punctulata, Passer domesticus; (Platydema pascoei). 
■ — ■ , iQ^ia.: 'Various iinches,: (Platydema pascoei). 
McKeown, 1942: Red-browed finch, birds' nests; (Platydema tetraspilo- 
tum Hope). 

Rhinandrus elongatus Horn 
Pearse, 1938: Stelgidopteryx ridgwayi Nelson; {Rhinandrus elongatus? 
Horn). 

Tenebrio molitor Linnaeus 
Baudet, 1929: Taubenschlagen. 
Bickhardt, 1 9 1 1 : Taubenschlag. 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 1952: 

Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw, swallow; (Tenebrio molitor). 
Cornelius, 1869: Hirundo rustica; (Tenebrio molitor). 
de Sequeira, 1944: Pigeon; (Tenebrio molitor). 
Douglas, 187 1 : Hirundo rustica; (Tenebrio molitor). 
Eichler, 1937a: Pigeon, Passer domesticus domesticus, Sturnus vulgaris, 

birds' nests. 
Finkenbrink, 1934: Passer domesticus, Taubenschlag. 
Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Tenebrio molitor). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon. 

— , 1 9 15: Columba domestica L. 

Hutyra, Marek. and Manninger, 1946: Pigeon; (Tenebrio molitor). 
Hvass, 1954: Pigeon, birds' nests; (Tenebrio molitor). 
Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe. 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Parus major L., Delichon urbica L., 
HiruJido rustica L., Haustaube; (Tenebrio molitor). 
— . 1938a: Haustaube, Haussperling, Dohle, Mehlschwalbe, 

Kohlmeise. 
■ — 3 19393^- Spatze, Taubenschlag. 

— , ig^i : Micropusapus L,.,Sper\[nge, hirds' nests; (Teriebrio molitor). 
Kolbe, 1905: Pigeon; (Tenebrio molitor). 

Korschefsky, 1944: Passer hispaniolensis Temm., Sperling, pigeon. 

Kunike, 1933: Taubenschlag, sparrow. 

Lehnert, 1933: Taubenschlag, birds' nests. 

Linsley, 1944: Pigeon. 

Liihmann, 1937: Taubenschlag; (Tenebrio molitor). 

Nordberg, 1936: Delichon urbica L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L. 

Patton, 1 931: Bird-houses; (Tenebrio molitor). 

Reinhardt, 1950: Pigeon; (Tenebrio molitor). 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L. 

Stein, 1843: Passer rusticus L. : (Tenebrio molitor). 



147 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 
— • , 1948: Hirundo rustica L. 

— , 1950: Ciconia ciconia L., Passer domesticus, Hirundo rustica, De- 
lichon urbica, Colaeus (sic) monedula. 

Taschenberg, 1892: Taubenschlag; (Tenebrio molitor). 
Ward and Gallagher, 1920: Pigeon; (Tenebrio molitor). 
^Voodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.). Delichon urbica (L.), Hirundo 

rustica L., Corvus monedula L., Columba sp. 
^Voodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Sturnus vul- 
garis L. 
— ■ , 1951b: Sparrow. 

Tenebrio obscurus Fabricius 
Johnson, 1932: Starling; (Tenebrio obscurus). 
Mason, 1944: Hirundo erythrogastra. 
^Voodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.). 

Tenebrio picipes Herbst 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Dohle; {Tenebrio picipes Dft.). 
Roubal, 1907: Corvus monedula; [Tenebrio picipes Dft.). 

— , 191 7: Bird's nest. 

Schaufuss, 1908: Corvus monedula; (Tenebrio picipes Duft.) . 

Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) 
Ansari, 1949: ?Milvus migrans goviyida Sykes; (Tribolium castaneum 
Hbst). 



Uncertain Position in the Order COLEOPTERA 

C^hisholm, 1952: Smicrornis brevirostris, thornbill; (Taphroiestes sp.). 
Cornelius, 1869: Pigeon; (Homalota sp., Saprinus rotundatus) . 
Dale, 1878: Stock dove; (Sapriiius rotundatus 111.). 
Delarue, 1875: Swallow; (Crataroea (sic) nidicola). 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Swan; (Mylrcna s^p.) . 

— ' 1937: Jackdaw; (Homalium rufipes Fourc.) . 

— ' 1939: Ja^ckdaw; (Homalium rujipes Youxc.) . 
Douglas, 187 1 : Pigeon; (Homalota sp., Saprinus rotundatus). 
Fowler, 1888: Birds' nests; (Homalium rufipes Fourc). 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L.; (Adacantha melanura L.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Falco peregrinus Tunst., Accipiter nisus L., Colaeus 

(sic) moyiedulah.; (Aleochara fuscipes ¥.). 
Roubal, 1917: Krahe; (Atheta angustata Er.). 
Rye, 1873: Bird's nest; (Aleochara lata). 
Schmaus, 1936: Baumpieper; (Atheta nitidula). 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; (Microglotta parvula Mannheim). 
Strand, 1946: Hawk; (Enicmus nidicola Palm). 



REFERENCES 

Arrow, G. J. 19 12. Scarabaeidae ; Pachypodinae, Pleocominae. Aclopi- 
nae, Glaphyrinae, Ochodaeinae, Orphninae, Idiostominae. Hybosori- 
nae, Cynamopinae, Acanthocerinae, Troginae. (IN: Junk and 
Schenkling, Coleopterorum Catalogus, Vol. 19, Ft. 43, Junk. Berlin, 
pp. I- — 66). 

Aurivillius, Chr. 1912. Cerambycidae : Cerambycinae. Ibid., Vol. 22, 
Ft. 39, pp. 1—574. 

— . 1921. Cerambycidae: Lamiinae I and II. 7&zW., Vol. 23, Fts. 73. 74. 
pp. 1—704. 

Beal, Richard S., Jr. 1954. Biology and taxonomy of the Nearctic species 
of Trogoderma (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). Fubl. Univ. Calif. Berk. 
Entom., 10(2) :35 — 102, 18 figs. 

Bernhauer, M, and O. Scheerpeltz. 1926. Staphylinidae VI. (IX: Junk 
and Schenkling, Coleopterorum Catalogus, Vol. 5, Ft. 82, Junk, Ber- 
lin, pp. 499 — 988). 

Bernhauer, M. and K. Schubert. 1910 — 1916. Staphylinidae I. II. III. 
IV, V. Ibid., Vol. 5, Fts. 19, 29, 40, 57, 67, pp. i — 498. 

Bickhardt, H. 1910. Histeridae. Ibid., Vol. 8, Ft. 24, pp. i — 137. 

Blackwelder, Richard E. 1939. 4th supplement 1933 to 1938 (inclusive) 
to the Leng catalogue of coleoptera of America, north of Mexico. 
John Sherman, Mount Vernon, N. Y., pp. i — 146. 

— , 1952. The generic names of the beetle family Staphylinidae. Bull. 
U. S. nat. Mus., No. 200, iv + 483 pp. 

Blackwelder, Richard E. and Ruth M. Blackwelder. 1948. 5th supple- 
ment 1939 to 1947 (inclusive) to the Leng catalogue of coleoptera 
of America, north of Mexico. John Sherman, Mount Vernon, N.Y., 
pp. 1—57. 

Blair, K. G. 1928. Fythidae. (IN: Junk and Schenkling, Coleopterorum 
Catalogus, Vol. 17. Ft. 99, Junk, Berlin, pp. i — 41). 

Borchmann, F. 19 10. Alleculidae. Ibid., Vol. 17, Ft. 3, pp. i — 80. 

— . 191 7. Meloidae, Cephaloidae. Ibid., Vol. 17, Ft. 69, pp. i — 208. 
Boucomont, A. 191 2. Scarabaeidae: Taurocerastinae, Geotrupinae. Ibid., 

Vol. 19, Ft. 46, pp. I — 47. 
Clavareau, H. 1913— 1914. Chrysomelidae: Sagrinae, Donaciinae, Orso- 

dacninae, Criocerinae, Megascelinae, Megalopodinae, Clytrinae. 

Cryptocephalinae, Chlamydinae, Lamprosominae, Eumolpinae. 

Ibid., Vol. 24, Fts. 51. 53, 59, pp. I — 103, I — 278, I — ^215. 
Csiki, E. 19 10. Scaphidiidae. Ibid., Vol. 8, Ft. 13, pp. i — 21. 

— , 1 910, Flatypsyllidae, Orthoperidae, Fhaenocephalidae. Discolomi- 
dae, Sphaeriidae. Ibid., Vol. 8, Ft. 18, pp. i — 35. 

— , 1910, Endomychidae. Ibid., Vol. 16, Ft. 12, pp. i — 68. 

— . 191 1. Hydroscaphidae, Ftiliidae. Ibid., Vol. 8, Ft. 32, pp. i — 61. 

— . 19 15. Mordellidae. Ibid., Vol. 17, Ft. 63, pp. i — 84. 

— , 1919. Scydmaenidae. Ibid., Vol. 7, Ft. 70, pp. i — 106. 

— , 1927, Carabidae: Carabinae I and II. Ibid. Vol. i, Fts. 91 and 92. 
pp. I — 621. 



149 

Csiki. E. 1928 — 31, Carabidae: Mormolycinae. Harpalinae I. II, III, IV, 
V. Ibid., Vol. 2, Pts. 97, 98, 104, 112. 115. pp. I — 1022. 

— . 1932 — 1933. Carabidae: Harpalinae VI, VII, VIII. Ibid., Vol. 3, 
Pts. 121, 124, 126, pp. 1023 — 1933. 

— . 1934, Curculionidae: Cleoninae. Ibid., Vol. 28, Ft. 134. pp. 
1—152- 

— • . 1934. Curculionidae: Hyperinae. Ibid., Vol. 28, Ft. 137. pp. i — 66. 

— . 1936. Curculionidae: Rhynchophorinae, Cossoninae. Ibid. , Vol. ^o, 
Ft. 149, pp. I — 212. 

Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 191 1. Nosodendridae, Byrrhidae, Dermestidae. 
Ibid., Vol. 14, Ft. 33, pp. I — 96. 

— . 191 1. Cioidae. Ibid., Vol. 16, Ft. 30, pp. i — 32. 

Dalla Torre, K. W. von, Margarete van Emden, and Fritz van Emden. 

1936 — ^939- Curculionidae: Brachyderinae I, II, III. Ibid., Vol. 27, 

Fts. 147, 153, 164, Jvmk, 's-Gravenhage, pp. i — 327. 
Dalla Torre, K. W. von and A. Hustache. 1930. Curculionidae: Ceuthor- 

rhynchinae. Ibid., Vol. 30, Ft. 1 13, Junk, Berlin, pp. i — 150. 
Dalla Torre, K. W. von and E. Voss. 1937. Curculionidae: Mesoptiliinae, 

Rhynchitinae I. Ibid., Vol. 29, Ft. 158, Junk, 's-Gravenhage, pp. 

1—56. 
Gebien, H. 1910 — 191 1. Tenebrionidae I, II, III, IV. Ibid., Vol. 18, 

Pts. 15, 22, 28, 37, Junk, Berlin, pp. i — 740. 
Gemminger, Max and Edgar \on Harold, 1868. Catalogus Coleoptero- 

rum huscusque descriptorum synonymicus et systematicus. Tom. II. 

Dytiscidae. Gyrinidae, Hydrophilidae. Staphylinidae, Fselaphidae, 

Gnostidae, Paussidae, Scydmaenidae, Silphidae, Trichopterygidae, 

Scaphididae. E. H. Gummi, Munich, pp. 425 — 752. 

— . 1870. Ibid. Tom. VII. Tenebrionidae, Nilionidae, Pythidae, Me- 
landryidae, Lagriidae, Fedilidae, Anthicidae, Pyrochroidae, Mordel- 
lidae. Rhipidophoridae, Cantharidae, Oedemeridae. Gummi, Mu- 
nich, pp. 1801 — 2179. 

Gillet, J. J. E. 191 1. Scarabaeidae : Coprinae I. (IN: Junk and Schenk- 
ling, Coleopterorum Catalogus, Vol. 19, Ft. 38, Junk, Berlin, pp. 
I- — 100). 

Gillet, J. J. E. and A. Boucomont. 191 1 — 1917. Scarabaeidae: Coprinae, 
Termitotroginae. Ibid., Vol. 19, Fts. 38, 90, pp. loi — 264. 

Greiner, J. 1937. Malachiidae. Ibid., Vol. 9, Ft. 159, Junk, 's-Graven- 
hage, pp. I— 199. 

Grouvelle, A. 191 3. Byturidae, Nitidulidae. Ibid., Vol. 15, Ft. 56, Junk, 
Berlin, pp. i — 223. 

Hagedorn, M. 1910. Ipidae. Ibid., Vol. 26, Ft. 4, pp. i — 134. 

Hatch, M. H. 1928. Silphidae II. Ibid., Vol. 7, Ft. 95, pp. 63 — 244. 

— . 1929. Leiodidae, Clambidae. Ibid., Vol. 8, Ft. 105, pp. i — -lOO. 

— . 1933. Studies on the Leptodiridae (Catopidae) with descriptions 
of new species. J. N. Y. ent. Soc, 41 ( i — 2) : 187 — 239, i plate. 

Heikertinger, F. and E. Csiki. 1940. Chrysomelidae : Halticinae. (IN: 



Junk and Schenkling, Coleopterorum Catalogus, Vol. 25, Pt. 166. 
169, Junk, 's-Gravenhage, pp. i — 635). 
Hetschko. A. 1926. Lathridiidae. Ibid., Vol. 15. Pt. 85. Junk, Berlin, pp. 
1—86. 

— . 1930. Colydiidae. Ibid., Vol. 15, Pt. 107, pp. i- — -124. 

— . 1930. Mycetophagidae. Ibid., Vol. 15, Pt. 108, pp. i — 26. Phala- 
cridae. Ibid., pp. i — 48. 

— . 1930. Cucujidae. Ibid., Vol. 15, Pt. 109, pp. i — 122. 

Jeannel, R. 19 14. Silphidae I: Bathysciinae. Ibid., Vol. 7, Pt. 60, pp. 

I — 62. 
Klima, A. 1934. Curculionidae : Erirrhininae. Ibid., Vol. 28, Pt. 140. 

Junk, 's-Gravenhage, pp. i — 167. 

— , 1934. Curculionidae: GvTnnetrinae. Ibid., Vol. 29. Pt. 135, Junk. 
Berlin, pp. i — 68. 

— , 1935. Curculionidae: Rhynchaeninae. Ibid. , Vol. 2C). Pt. 145. Junk. 
's-Gravenhage, pp. i — 36. 

Knisch, A. 1924. Hydrophilidae. Ibid., Vol. 14. Pt. 79, Junk. Berlin, pp. 

1—306. 
Korschefsky, R. 1931 — 1932. Coccinellidae I and II. Ibid., Vol. 16, Pts. 

1 18, 120, pp. I — 659. 
Kuhnt, P. 191 1. Erotylidae. Ibid., Vol. 15, Pt. 34, pp. i — 103. 
Leng, Charles W. 1920. Catalogue of the coleoptera of America, north of 

Mexico. John D. Sherman, Jr., Mount Vernon, N. Y., x-l-470. 
Leng, Charles W. and Andrew J. Mutchler. 1927. Supplement 19 19 to 

1924 (inclusive) to catalogue of the coleoptera of America, north of 

Mexico. Ibid., pp. i — 78. 

— • 1933- Second and third supplements 1925 to 1932 (inclusive) to 
catalogue of the coleoptera of America, north of Mexico. Ibid., pp. 
I — 112. 

Leveille, A. 1910. Temnochilidae. (IN: Junk and Schenkling, Coleopter- 
orum Catalogus, Vol. 15, Pt. 11, Junk. Berlin, pp. i — 40). 

Lona, C. 1936 — 1938. Curculionidae: Otiorrhynchinae I, II, III. Ibid., 
Vol. 28, Pts. 148, 160, 162, Junk, 's-Gravenhage, pp. i — 600. 

Pic, Maurice. 19 10. Hylophilidae. Ibid., Vol. 17, Pt. 14, Junk, Berlin, pp. 

1—25- 

— . 191 1. Anthicidae. Ibid., Vol. 17, Pt. 36, pp. i — 102. 

— . 1912. Ptinidae. Ibid., Vol. 10, Pt. 41, pp. i — 46. 

— . 1912. Anobiidae. Ibid., Vol. 10, Pt. 48, pp. i — 92. 

— . 1913. Bruchidae. Ibid., Vol. 26. Pt. 55. pp. i — 74. 

— . 1914. Dascillidae, Helodidae. Eucinetidae. Ibid., Vol. 10. Pt. 58. 
pp. 1—65. 

Raffray, A. 191 1. Pselaphidae. Ibid., Vol. 7, Pt. 27, pp. i — 222. 
Scheerpeltz, O. 1933 — 1934. Staphylinidae VII, VIII. Ibid., Vol. 6, Pts. 

129, 130, pp. 989 — 1881. 
Schenkling, S. 1910. Cleridae. Ibid., \'ol. 10. Pt. 23, pp. i — 174. 

— . 1923. Cryptophagidae. Ibid., Vol. 15. Pt. 76, pp. i — 92. 

— . 1925 — 1927. Elateridae I, II. Ibid., \'o\. 11, Pts. 80, 88. pp. 1-636. 



^51 

Schenkling, S. and G. A. K. Marshall. 1934. Curculionidae: Anthonimi- 
nae. Ibid., Vol. 29, Pt. 139, Junk, 's-Gravenhage, pp. i — 82. 

Schmidt, A. 1910. Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae. Ibid., Vol. 19, Pt. 20, Junk, 
Berlin, pp. i — 1 1 1. 

— . 19 1 2. Scarabaeidae: Aegialiinae, Chironinae. Ibid., Vol. 19. Pt. 
42, pp. I — 1 1. 

Spaeth, F. 19 14. Chrysomelidae : Cassidinae. Ibid., Vol. 25, Pt. 62, pp. 

I — 182. 
Wagner, H. 19 10. Curculionidae: Apioninae. Ibid., Vol. 28, Pt. 6, pp. 

I— 81. 
Weise, J. 191 1. Chrysomelidae: Hispinae. Ibid., Vol. 25, Pt. 35, pp. 

1—94- 

— . 1 9 16. Chrysomelidae: Chrysomelinae. Ibid., Vol. 24, Pt. 68, pp. 
1—255. 

— . 1924. Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae. Ibid., Vol. 25, Pt. 78, pp. 
1—225. 

Zaitzev, Ph. 1910. Dryopidae, Cyathoceridae, Georyssidae, Heteroceri- 

dae. Ibid., Vol. 14, Pt. 17, pp. i — 68. 
Zimmermann, A. 1920. Dytiscidae, Haliplidae, Hygrobiidae, Amphizoi- 

dae. Ibid., Vol. 4, Pt. 71, pp. i — 326. 

Order COLLEMBOLA 

Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Bird's nest. 
Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests. 
Elton, 1925: Kittiwake. 
Hindwood, 1951a: Rook. 

Leleup, 1947c: Old bird's nest, pic vert, mesange bleue. 
Lesse, H. de, 1950: Birds' nests. 
Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae, Foudia sakalava minor, Spermestes nana. 
Remy, 1930: Larus sp. 
Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. cor one L. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.). Delichon 
urbica (L.), Sturnus vulgaris L., Erithacus rubecula Hart. 

Family ENTOMOBRYIDAE 
Undetermined 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L. 

Drepanura sp, 

Delamare-Deboutteville, 1947: Birds' nests. 

— , 1 951: Birds' nests. 

Drepanura eburnea (Denis) 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Drepanura 
eburnea, Drepanura pigmentata). 



152 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp.; {Drepanura 
eburnea Denis f. pr., Drepanura eburnea f. pigmentata nov.). 
Estrilda sp.; {Drepanura eburnea Denis f. pr., Drepanura eburnea 
f. pigmentata Del.). "Nectarinien" ; [Drepanura eburnea f. pig- 
mentala nov.). 

Entomobrya sp. 

Hicks, 1953: Troglodytes aedon subsp. 

Entomobrya albocincta (Templeton) 
Boyd, 1935a: Passer montanus montanus; [Entomobrya albocinta (sic) 

Tempi.). 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinera h., birds' nests; [Entomobrya albo- 
cincta Tempi.). 

Entomobrya assuta Folsom 
Dobroscky, 1925: Crow, wood thrush, catbird, song sparrow, red-eyed 

vireo, robin; [Entomobrya assuata (sic)). 
Hicks, 1953: Richmondena cardinalis cardinalis (L.), Turdus migrato- 

rius migratorius L. 
McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis. 

Entomobrya corticalis (Nicolet) 
Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests; (Entomobrya corticalis Nic). 
Nordberg, 1936: Larus fuscus L., Turdus pilaris L., Turdus philomelus 
(sic) Brehm; [Entomobrya corticalis Nic.) . 

Entomobrya grassei Delamare-Deboutteville 
Delamare-Deboutteville, 1947: Ploceus sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Entomobrya 
grassei) . 
— , 1952: Ploceus sp., estrildid, bird's nest. 

Entomobrya inquilina Delamare-Deboutteville 

Delamare-Deboutteville, 1947: Spermestes sp. 

Entomobrya marginata (Tullberg) 

Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests; [Entomobrya marginata Tullb.). 

Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Entomobrya marginata) . 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; [Entomobrya marginata Tullb.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Emberiza hortulana L., Anthus spinoletta litoralis (sic) 
Brehm, Phylloscopus trochilus L., Saxicola rubetra L., Corvus cor- 
nix L., Pica pica L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Fringilla coelebs L., Re- 
gulus regulus L., Turdus pilaris L., T. philomelus (sic) Brehm, T. 
musicus L., T. merula L., Accipiter nisus L.. Passer domesticus L., 
Motacilla alba L., Certhia familiaris L., Parus major L., P. ater L., 
P. atricapillus L., Muscicapa striata Pall., M. hypoleuca Pall., Phoe- 
nicurus phoenicurus L., Delichon urbica L., Apus apus L., Colaeus 



153 

(sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryocopus martins L., 
Dryobates major L., Falco tinnunculus L., Columba oenas L. ; {En- 
tomobrya marginata Tullb.). 

Entomobrya nivalis (Linnaeus) 

Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests; {Entomobrya nivalis L.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Entomobrya nivalis L.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Somateria mollissima L., Larus fuscus L., Sterna lii- 
rundo L., S. macrura Naumann, Emberiza hortulana L., Anthus 
pratensis L., A. spinoletta litoralis (sic) Brehm, Oenanthe oenanthe 
L., Saxicola rubetra L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Corvus comix L., 
Pica pica L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Fringilla coelebs L., Regulus re- 
gulus L., Turdus pilaris L., T. philomelus (sic) Brehm, 7". musi- 
cus L., Erithacus rubecula L., Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Accipiter 
nisus L., Buteo buteo L.. Passer domesticus L., Motacilla alba L., 
Certhia familiaris L., Fa?U5 major L., P. a^^r L., P. atricapillus L., 
Muscicapa striata Pall.. Af. hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus phoenicu- 
rus L., Delichon urbica L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryocopus martius 
L., Dryobates major L.; {Entomobrya nivalis L.). 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Entomobrya {= Degeeria auct.) 7zz- 
c'a/z5 L.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Entomobrya nivalis L.). 

Entomobrya pseudocoeruleopicta Delamare-Deboutteville 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Heteromurus nitidus (Templeton) 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 

Lepidocyrtus sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 
— , 1952: P/oc^M5 sp., E^fn'Wa sp., bird's nest. 

Lepidocyrtus cyaneus Tullberg 

Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests. 

Hicks, ig^'^: Sayornis phoebe (Latham). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Nordberg, 1936: Somateria mollissima L., Sterna macrura Naumann, 
Alauda arvensis L., Anthus pratensis L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., 
Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Regulus regulus L., Sylvia borin Bodd., Tur- 
dus pilaris L., Erithacus rubecula L., Accipiter nisus L., Passer 
domesticus L., Motacilla alba L., Certhia familiaris L., Paru^ afrt- 
capillus L., Muscicapa striata Pall., M. hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus 
phoenicurus L., Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L., Colaeus 
(sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryocopus martius L., Falco 
tinnunculus L. 



154 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 

Lepidocyrtus lamarcki Delamare-Deboutteville 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Lepidocyrtus 
lamarcki) . 
— , 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Lepidocyrtus lanuginosus (Gmelin) 
Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests; {Lepidocyrtus lanuginosus Tullb.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Turdus pilaris L., Certhia familiaris L.; {Lepidocyrtus 
lanuginosus Gmel.) . 

Lepidocyrtus violaceus (Geoffroy) 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Lepidocyrtus violaceus Geoffr.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Lepidocyrtus violaceus 
Geoffr.). 

Orchesella bifasciata Nicolet 
Agrell, 1945: Bird's nest. 
Nordberg, 1936: Larus fuscus L. 

Orchesella cincta (Linnaeus) 
Boyd, 1932: Passer montanus montanus ; {Orchesella cincta L.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Orchesella cincta Lubb.). 

Paronella penicillata Schott 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 
— - , 1952: Ploceus sp.; {Paronella penicillata Schott, Paronella peni- 
cillata S. f . pallida nov. ) . 

Pseudosinella alba (Packard) 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Pseudosinella alba Pack.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Pseudosinella alba 
Pack.). 

Pseudosinella sexoculata (Schott) 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Pseudosinella sexoculata Schaff.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia: {Pseudosinella 6-oculata 
Schaff.). 

Tomocerus flavescens (TuUberg) 
Agrell, 1945: Bird's nest; {Pogonognathus flavescens TuWh.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Sterna macrura Naumann; {PogonogJiathus plumbeus 
Lubb.). 



155 

Tomocerus vulgaris (Tullberg) 
Agrell, 1945: Bird's nest; {Tomocerus vulgaris Tullb.)- 
Nordberg, 1936: Parus major L. ; {Tomocerus vulgaris Tullb.). 

Willowsia buskii (Lubbock) 

Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests; {Sira buski (sic) Lubb.). 

Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L., Troglodytes aedon sub- 

sp.; {Sira buski (sic) Lubbock). 
Nordberg, 1936: Parus major L., Muscicapa striata Pall.; {Sira buski 

(sic) Lubb.). 

Willowsia platani (Nicolet) 
Hicks, 1953: Agelaius phoeniceus subsp., Dumetella carolinensis (L.), 
Turdus migratorius migratorius L., Quiscalus quiscula aeneus Ridg- 
way; {Sira platani (Nicolet)). 

Family ISOTOMIDAE 
Anurophorus laricis Nicolet 

Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests. 

Nordberg, 1936: Podiceps auritus L., P. cristatus L., Somateria mollissi- 
ma L., Larus canus L., L. fuscus L., Sterna hirundo L., S. macrura 
Naumann, Emberiza hortulana L., Alauda arvensis L., Anthus pra- 
tensis L., A. spinoletta litoralis (sic) Brehm, Oenanthe oenanthe L., 
Bubo bubo L., Fringilla coelebs L., Turdus merula L., Certhia fami- 
liaris L., Parus atricapillus L., Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Colaeus 
(sic) monedula L. 

Folsomia fimetaria (Linnaeus) 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.); {Folsomia {= Isotoma auct.) fime- 
taria L. ) . 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Folsomia fimetaria L.). 

Folsomia quadrioculata (Tullberg) 
Agrell, 1945: Bird's nest; {Folsomia ^-oculata Tullb). 
Nordberg, 1936: Sterna hirundo L.; {Folsomia ^-oculata Tullb.). 

Isotoma arborea (Linnaeus) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Crow, wood thrush, catbird, song sparrow, red-eyed 
vireo, robin; (Isotoma arborea). 

Isotoma viridis Bourlet 

Agrell, 1945: Birds" nests; {Isotoma viridis Schott). 

Nordberg, 1936: Larus canus L., Sterna macrura Naumann; {Isotoma 
viridis riparia Nic). 



156 

Isotomiella africana minor Delamare-Deboutteville 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian. 1952: "Nectarinien"'. 

Isotomurus palustris (Mtiller) 
Lehnert. 1933: Birds' nests; {Isotomurus palustris Borner). 

Family ONYGHIURIDAE 
Onychiurus fimetarius (Linnaeus) 
Agrell, 1945: Bird's nest; {Onychiurus fimentarius (sic) L.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Larus canus L. ; {Onychiurus fimentarius (sic) L.). 

Onychiurus furciferus (Borner) 
Agrell, 1945: Bird's nest; {Onychiurus furcifer Born.) . 
Nordberg, 1936: Larus canus L.; {Onychiurus furcifer Born.). 

Family PODURIDAE 
Brachystomella parvula (Schaffer) 
Agrell, 1945: Bird's nest; {Brachystomella parvula Schaff.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Brachystomella parvula 
Schaff.). 

Ceratrimeria monodi Delamare-Deboutteville 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Ceratrimeria 
monodi). 
■ — , 1952: P/oc^-u^ sp. 

Hypogastrura armata (Nicolet) 
Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests; {Hypogastrura armata Nic). 
Nordberg, 1936: Saxicola rubetra L., Corvus comix L., Pica pica L., 
Sylvia borin Bodd., Turdus musicus L., Erithacus rubecula L., Ha- 
liaetus (sic) albicilla L., Accipiter gentilis L., A. nisus L., Buteo 
buteo L., Parus major L., Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus 
phoenicurus L., Dryocopus martius L., Dryobates major L., Falco 
tinnunculus L., Columba oenas L.; {Hypogastrura armata Nic). 

Hypogastrura purpurascens (Lubbock) 
Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests; {Hypogastrura purpurascens Lubb.). 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Hypogastrura purpurascens Lubb.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Phylloscopus trochilus L., Saxicola rubetra L., Turdus 
philomelus (sic) Brehm, T. musicus L., T. merula L., Erithacus 
rubecula L., Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Accipiter nisus L., Pa- 
rus major L., P. ater L., P. atricapillus L., Muscicapa striata Pall., 
M. hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Apus apus L., 
Dryocopus martius L., Dryobates major L.; {Hypogastrura purpur- 
ascens Lubb.). Turdus philomelus (sic) Brehm; {Hypogastrura 
purpurascens (?) f. trispina Axels.). 



157 

Hypogastrura quadriocellata Absolon 

Delamare-Deboutteville, 1947a: Pit us viridis: {Mesachorutes marlieri 

Del.-Deb.). 
■ — ■ , 1951 : Picus viridis; {Mesachorutes marlieri Del.-Deb.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Old bird's nest, pic vert, mesange bleue; {Hypogastrura 
(Mesachorutes) quadriocellata Absolon). 

Marlier, 1947: Picas viridis virescens Brehm; {Hypogastrura (Mesacho- 
rutes) quadriocellata Ahs.) . 

Stach, 1949: Picus viridis; {Mesachorutes marlieri Del.-Deb. (= Hypo- 
gastrura (Mesachorutes) quadriocellata Ahsol.)) . 

Podura sp. 

Rossi, de, i860: Hirundo urbica L. 

Pseudachorutes sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp., Estrilda sp., 
"nectarinien''. bird's nest. 

Pseudachorutes pauliani Delamare-Deboutteville 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Pseudacho- 
rutes pauliani). 

— , 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Xenylla sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Estrilda sp., "nectarinien". 
Hicks, 1953: Toxostoma rufum (L.) ; {Xenylla (?) sp.). 

Xenylla maritima TuUberg 

Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests. 

Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Xenylla maritima) . 

Nordberg, 1936: Somateria mollissima L., Larus canus L., L. fuscus L., 
Sterna hirundo L., S. macrura Naumann, Emberiza hortulana L., 
Alauda arvensis L., Anthus pratensis L., A. spinoletta litoralis (sic) 
Brehm, Phylloscopus trochilus L., Oenanthe oenanthe L., Bubo 
bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Pica pica L., Fringilla coelebs L., 
Regulus regulus L., Sylvia borin Bodd., Turdus pilaris L., T. phi- 
lomelus (sic) Brehm, T. musicus L., T. merula L., Erithacus rube- 
cula L., Accipiter nisus L., Passer domesticus L., Motacilla alba L., 
Certhia familiaris L., Parus major L., P. ater L., P. atricapillus L., 
Muscicapa striata Pall., M. hypoleuca Pall., Phoenicurus phoeni- 
curus L., Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L., Colaeus (sic) 
monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryobates major L., Columba 
oenas L. 

Family SMINTHURIDAE 
Ptenothrix sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 

— , 1952: Ploceus sp. 



i5« 

Sminthurinus niger (Lubbock) 
Agrell, 1945: Birds' nests; {Sminthurinus niger Lubb.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Pica pica L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Turdus philomclus 

(sic) Brehm, Parus major L., Sturnus vulgaris L. : {Sminthurinus 

niger Lubb.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Sminthurinus niger Lubb.). 

Sminthurus sp. 

Blair, 1931: Rook; {Smynthurus (sic) sp.). 

Uncertain position in the Order COLLEMBOLA 

Agrell, 1945: Bird's nest; {Dicyrtoma fusca (Luc.) Lubb.). 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Plocetis sp.; {Paronella 
eburnea, P. villiersi) . 

— , 1952: Ploceus sp. ; {Aphysa eburnea Delamare-Deboutteville, Pa- 
ronella villiersi n. sp. f. pr.). 

Hicks, 1953: Toxostoma rufum (L.) ; {Achorutes sp.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Turdus philomelus (sic) Brehm; {Dicyrtoma fusca 

(Luc.) Lubb.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Sminthurides niger 

Lubb.). 

REFERENCES 

Maynard, Elliott A. 1951. A monograph of the Collembola or springtail 
insects of New York State. Comstock Publishing Co., Inc., Ithaca, 
N. Y., xxii -\- 339, 37 plates. 

Stach, Jan. 1947. The Apterygotan fauna of Poland in relation to the 
worldfauna of this group of insects. Family: Isotomidae. Vol. i. 
Acta Monographica Musei Historiae Naturalis, Polish Academy of 
Sciences and Letters. Krakow, pp. i — 488, 53 plates. 

— , 1949. Ibid. Families: Neogastruridae and Brachystomellidae. Vol. 
2. Ibid., pp. I — 341, 35 plates. 

— , 1949. Ibid. Families: Anuridae and Pseudachorutidae. Vol. 3. 
Ibid., pp. I — 122. 25 plates. 

Order CORRODENTIA 

Undetermined 

Badonnel, 1943: Golombiers. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: "Nectarinien"- -?Family 

Coerebidae. 
Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, house sparrow. 
Eichler, 1936: Birds' nests. 

— , 1936a: Birds' nests. 
Herfs, 1 936a : House sparrow. 
Hindwood. 1951 : Birds' nests. 



159 

Kemper, 1938: Parus major L.. P. caeruleus L., Delichofi urbica L., 
Hirundo rustica L., Passer domesticus L., birds' nests. 

— , 1938b: Birds' nests. 

— , 1951 : Micro pus apus L., Sperlinge, birds' nests. 

Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae, Foudia sakalava minor, Spermestes nana. 

Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. cor one L. 

Uhlmann, 1938: Sparrow, pigeon. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon 

urbica (L.), Sturnus vulgaris L., Erithacus rubecula Hart., Mota- 

cilla alba Gould. 

Family ARCHIPSOCIDAE 
Archipsocus sp. 
Delamare-Deboutteville, 1951 : Birds' nests. 

Family ATROPIDAE 
Undetermined 

Kellogg and Paine, 19 10: Birds' nests. 

Atropos sp. 

Eichler, 1936a: Birds' nests. 

Atropos pulsatorium (Linnaeus) 

Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica. birds' nests; (Trogium pulsa- 
torium). 

Hennicke, 1901 : Hirundo rustica L.; [Atropos pulsatoria Leach). 

Henriksen, 1928 — 1937: Starling; [Atropos pulsatoria h.) . 

Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe, Stadtschwalbe ; [Atropos pulsatoria Leach). 

Kemper, 1938: Hirundo rustica L.; (Trogium pulsatorium). 
- — , 1938a: Nebelkrahe, Mehlschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe ; [Trogium 
pulsatorium L.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; [Trogium pulsatorium L.). 

Low, 1861 : Hirundo rustica; [Atropos pulsatoria Leach). 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Delichon urbica L.; [Trogium pul- 
satorium L.). 

Resch. 1874: Swallow; (Atropos pulsatoria). 

Hyperetes guestfalicus Kolbe 
Lehnert. 1933: Birds' nests. 

Nordberg, 1936: Regulus regulus L., Turdus pilaris L., Erithacus rube- 
cula 1^.; [Hyperetes questjalicus (sic) Kbe.). 

Lepinotus inquilinus Heyden 

Boyd, 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica. 

Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica; (Lepinotus inquilinus). 

Kemper, 1938a: Rauchschwalbe. 



i6o 

Lepinotus reticulatus Enderlein 

Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius Linnaeus. 
Kemper, 1938: Parus major L., Delichon urbica L. ; (Lepinotus reticu- 
latus) . 

— , 1938a: Kohlmeise, Mehlschwalbe. 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Myopsocnema annulata (Hagen) 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe ; (Atropos annulata Hg.). 

Family CAEGILIIDAE 
Caecilius burmeisteri Brauer 
Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica; (Psocus domesticus). 
Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe ; {Caecilius pedicularius L.) . 
Low, 1861 : Hirundo rustica ; {Psocus domesticus Burm.). 

— , 1867: Hirundo rustica L., Chelidon urbica Boie. ; {Psocus dome- 
sticus Burm.). 

Ectopsocus sp. 

Delamare-Debouttevilie and Paulian, 1951 : Ploceus sp. 

Ectopsocus maindroni Badonnel 
Badonnel, 1949: Ploceid, bird's nest. 
Delamare-Debouttevilie and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 
- — ■ , ig^2: Ploceus ^p. 

Ectopsocus titschacki Jentsch 
Badonnel, 1949: Ploceid, bird's nest. 
Delamare-Debouttevilie and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 

— , 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Lachesilla fusca Badonnel 
Badonnel, 1949: Ploceid, bird's nest. 
Delamare-Debouttevilie and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 

— , 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Lachesilla pedicularia (Linnaeus) 
Kemper, 1938: Parus major L., Delichon urbica L.; (Lachesilla pedi- 
cularia). 

— , 1938a: Buchfink, grauer Fliegenschnapper, Gartenrotschwanz, 
Kohlmeise, Mehlschwalbe; {Lachesilla pedicularia L.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Lachesilla pedicularia End.). 
Linsley, 1944: Birds' nests. 

Nordberg, 1936: Fringilla coelebs L., Muscicapa striata Pall., Phoenicu- 
rus phoenicurus L. 



i6i 

Peripsocus pauliani Badonnel 

Badonnel, 1949: Bird's nest. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paidian, 1952: "Nectarinien"- -?Family 
Coerebidae. 

Peripsocus phaeopterus (Stephens) 
Nordberg, 1936: Fringilla coelebs L.; {Peripsocus phaeopterus Steph.). 

Stenopsocus immaculatus (Stephens) 
Nordberg, 1936: Turdus pilaris L., T. philomelus (sic) Brehm, Accipiter 
getitilis h.; {Stenopsocus immaculatus Steph.). 

Family LEPIDOPSOGIDAE 

Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceid^ bird's nest, 
estrildid. 

Lepidopsocides sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: "Nectarinien"— ?Family 
Coerebidae. 

Thylacopsis sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville, 1951 : Birds' nests, estrildid, ploceid. 

Thylacopsis albidus Badonnel 
Badonnel, 1949: Ploceid. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Thylacopsis 
albidus). 

— , ig^2: Ploceus sp. 

Thylacopsis falco Badonnel 
Badonnel, 1949: Tisserins, bird's nest, ploceid. 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 

— , 1952: P/oc^w^ sp. 

Lepidilla kelloggi Ribaga 
Gurney, 1949: Bird's nest; {Pteroxanium kelloggi (Ribaga)). 
Pearman, 1928: Bird's nest. 

— , 1933: Bird's nest. 

Family LIPOSCELIDAE 
Embidopsocus sp. 
Hicks, 1953: Quiscalus quiscula aeneus Ridgway. 



1 62 

Liposcelis sp. 

Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L., Sayornis phoehe (Lat- 
ham), Toxostoma rufum (L.), Hedymeles ludovicianus (L.), Pas- 
ser domesticus domesticus (L.), Telmatodytes palustris dissae- 
ptus (Bangs), Troglodytes aedon subsp., Coccyzus americanus ame- 
ricanus (L.), Cyanocitta cristata cristata (L)., Quiscalus quiscula 
aeneus Ridgway, Dumetella carolinensis (L.) ; {^Liposcelis sp.). 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Liposcelis divinatorius (Muller) 
Boyd, 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; [Troctes divinitorius (sic) Miil- 
ler). 

— , i^"^^: Hirundo rustica rustica; [Troctes divinitorius (sic) Miiller). 
Biittiker, 1944: Micro pus apus L.; (Liposcelis divinatorius). 

Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica, birds' nests; (Liposcelis 

divinatorius). 
Kemper, 1938: Parus caeruleus L.; {Liposcelis divinatorius) . 

— , 1938a: Rauchschwalbe, Braunkehlchen, Nebelkrahe, Singdrossel, 
Seeadler, Gartenrotschwanz, Mauersegler, Ganseager, grosser Bunt- 
specht, Haussperling, Star, Progne subis, Sialia sialis, Troglodytes 
aedon, Myiarchus crinitus, Trauerfliegenschnapper, Blaumeise; 
{Liposcelis divinatorius MiilL). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Liposcelis divinatorius L.). 

Linsley, 1944: Birds' nests, purple martin, bluebird, house wren, crested 
flycatcher, starling. Passer domesticus. 

McAtee, 1927: Progne subis, Troglodytes aedon, Sialia sialis, Myiar- 
chus crinitus; {Troctes divinatorius Miiller). 
• — , 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Passer domesticus, Progne subis. Trog- 
lodytes aedon, Sialia sialis; {Troctes divinatorius Muller). 

Nordberg, 1936: Saxicola rubetra L., Corvus comix L., Turdus pliilo- 
melus (sic) Brehm, Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Phoenicurus plioeni- 
curus L., Apus apus L., Mergus merganser L., Dryobates major L. 

Rossi, de, i860: Hirundo urbica L.; (Troctes pulsatorius). 

Sickmann, 1883^ — -1884: Hirundo rustica L.; {Troctes divinatorius, Troc- 
tes divinatorius MiilL). 

Whitehead, 1933: Progne subis; {Troctes divinitoria (sic) L.). 

Liposcelis silvarum (Kolbe) 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Nordberg, 1936: Pica pica L., Fringilla coelebs L., Muscicapa striata 
Pall. 

Pachytroctes pallidus Badonnel 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 
— • , 1952: Ploceus sp. 



1 63 

Family MESOPSOCIDAE 
Leptodella fusciceps (Reuter) 
Nordberg, 1936: Pyrrhula pyrrhula L.; {Leptodella fuscipes Reut.). 

Mesopsocus unipunctatus (Muller) 
Nordberg, 1936: Regulus regulus L.; {Mesopsocus unipunctatus Miill.). 

Family PHYLLIPSOCIDAE 
Deipnopsocus afer Badonnel 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 
— , 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Rhyopsocus afer Badonnel 
Badonnel, 1949: Ploceid, bird's nest. 

Family PSOGIDAE 
Undetermined 

Ansari, 1949: Birds' nests. 
Henriksen, 1928 — 1937: Starling. 
West, 1928 — 1937: Birds' nests. 

Amphigerontia bifasciata (Latreille) 
Nordberg, 1936: Turdus pliilomelus (sic) Brehm, Accipiter gentilis h., 
Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall.; {Amphigerontia bifasciata Latr.). 

Euclismia quadrimaculata (Latreille) 
Nordberg, 1936: Saxicola rubetra L., Corvus comix L., Fringilla coe- 
lebs L., Regulus regulus L., Sylvia communis Lath., Turdus pilaris 
L., T. philomelus (sic) Brehm, Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Buteo 
buteo L., Parus atricapillus L., Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., Mergus 
merganser L.; {Psocus nebulosus Staph.). 

Loensia variegata (Latreille) 
Nordberg, 1936: Certhia jamiliaris L.; {Loensia variegata Latr.). 

Psocus sp. 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L. 

REFERENCES 

Badonnel. Andre. 1943: Psocopteres. (IN: Faune de France, 42. Federa- 
tion Francaise des Societes de Sciences Naturelles, Office Central 
de Faunistique, Lechevalier, Paris, pp. i — 164, 375 figs.). 

Enderlein, Gunther. 1927. 10. Ordnung: Flechtlinge, Copeognatha. (IN: 
Brohmer, Ehrmann and Ulmer, Die Tierwelt Mitteleuropas, 4. 



164 

Band, Insekten, I. Teil, 2. Lieferung. Quelle & Meyer. Leipzig. 
Pages I — 16, 38 Fig.). 
McLachlan, R. 1867. A monograph of the British Psocidae. Ent. mon. 
Mag., 3:270 — 276. 

Order DERMAPTERA 

Undetermined 

Douglas, 1897b: House sparrow. 
Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests. 
Hindwood, 1 95 1 : Birds' nests. 
Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. corone L. 

Family FORFIGULIDAE 
Chelidurella acanthopygia (Gene) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; {Chelidurella acanthophygia (sic) 
Gen.). 

Forficula sp. 

Pugh, 1936: Thrush. 

Forficula auricularia Linnaeus 
Boyd, 1935a: Passer montanus rnontanus. 

— , 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica. 
— ■ , 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica. 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 

Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica; (Forficula auricularia) . 

Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe. 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Parus major L., P. caeruleus L., 
Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Delichon urbica L.; (Forficula auri- 
cularia). 

— , 1938a: Rauchschwalbe, Haussperling, Wanderfalk, Seeadler, Sper- 
ber, Weidenmeise, Trauerfliegenschnapper, Star, Haustaube, Gar- 
tenrotschwanz, Kohlmeise, Blaumeise, Mehlschwalbe. 

- — ■ , 1938c: Feldsperling, Sumpfmeise, Elster; (Forficula auricularia) . 

Nordberg, 1936: Falco peregrinus Tunst., Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L.. 
Accipiter nisus L., Parus atricapillus L., Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall., 
Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Columba dome- 
stic a L. 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 

Forficula minor Linnaeus 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Pigeon. 

Family LABIDURIDAE 
Euborellia annulipes (Lucas) 

Paulian, 1950: Nycticorax sp.; [Euborellia annulipes Lucas). 



165 

Family OPISTHOCOSMIIDAE 
Thalperus hova Bormans 
Paulian. ig^o: Nycticorax sp.: {Thalperus ova (sic) Borm.). 

REFERENCES 

Bev-Bienko. G.J. 1936. Insectes: Dermapteres. (IN:Faune de I'URSS. 
Institut Zoologique de rAcademie des Sciences de I'URSS, N. S., 
No. 5, x+ 239.67 figs.). 

Order DIPTERA 

A short explanation is needed here on the interpretation and usage 
made of Bequaert's (1953 a, 1953 b, 1954) uncompleted monograph 
of the Hippoboscidae. He distinguishes between normal or breeding 
hosts and feeding hosts and states: "Unfortunately, it is seldom pos- 
sible in practice to apply the test of successful breeding to the Hippo- 
boscidae, because the details of reproductive behavior can rarely be 
observed in nature. Success or failure of laboratory breeding experi- 
ments carry little weight, as it is nearly impossible to duplicate all the 
ecological conditions of the natural environment of both parasite and 
host, especially those of the nesting sites. In most cases one must rely 
on a critical analysis of available host records, usually obtained at 
random." 

Since it is generally characteristic of the bird-parasitizing hippo- 
boscids that a portion of their life-cycle is spent within the materials 
comprising the nest of the host, I have selected as accurately as possible 
those species of birds he has indicated as breeding hosts. These cita- 
tions, of which there are many, are included on the same basis as 
though the hippoboscids were mentioned as being taken from the nesting 
materials. This has probably resulted in some unwarranted inclusions, 
but the approach seems to be preferable to any other. 

Undetermined 

Audcent, 1942: Birds' nests. 

Biester and Schwarte, 1952: Birds' nests; (maggots of flesh and blow- 
flies). 
Britton, ig^o: Bycanistes cristatusKupp.; [Acalypterae). 
B(ryant), 1939: Bee-eater; (fly pupae). 
Chisholm, 1952: Merops ornatus; (fly larvae). 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Nematoceran). 
— , 1952: Ploceus sp.. bird's nest; (undetermined fly). Ploceus sp., 
Estrilda sp., "nectarinien"; (Nematoceran). 
Elton, 1925: Kittiwake. 

Finkenbrink, 1934: Passer domesticus; ("Fliegentonnchen"). 
Fletcher. 1920: Crow; (Blood-sucking maggot). 



1 66 

Frauenfeld, von, 1861: Hirundo sp.; (Coriaceen-puppen, fly-larvae). 

Hirundo urbica, Hirundo rustica; (Coriaceen-puppen). 
Gervais d'Aldin, 1909 — 19 10: Birds' nests; (Pupipares). 
Gordon, 1955: Aquila chrysaetos; (fly maggots (?)). 
Heinz, 1954: Meise, birds' nests; (puparia). 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Swallow. 

— , 1923: Birds' nests. 

Hindwood, 1947: Merops ornatus, Ninox boobook, Platycercus eximius, 
Dacelo gigas; (scavenging fly larvae). Gymnorhina tibicen; (mag- 
gots). 
— ■ , 1 95 1 : Owl, parrot, bee-eater, kingfisher. 
— • , 1951a: Rook, owl, kingfisher, bee-eater. 

Jellison, 1940a: Asio sp., Buteo sp., Corvus sp.. Pica sp., Speotyto sp. 

Keilin, iga/^a.: Parus major; (puparium). 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. rnontanus L.; (puparia). 

Kirichenko, 1949: Pica pica fennorum Lonb., Merops apiaster L., Pastor 
roseus L., Sturnus vulgaris balcanicus Biit., Coracias garrulus L., 
Tadorna tadorna L. 

Kvinkel, 1907: Hirundo urbica. 

Leleup, 1947c: Hirundo rustica rustica L.. Delichon urbica urbica L. 

Lord, 1940: Eastern rosella; (larvae). 

Liihmann, 1937: Birds' nests; (blutsaugende Fliegenmaden) . 

Miller, 1909: Wood thrush, robin, bluebird; (maggots). 

Morgan, 1944: Bluebird, starling, robin, tree-swallow, chickadee, house 
wren, sparrow, purple finch, goldfinch, towhee, hawk, owl; (larvae 
of blood-sucking flies). 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor; (Milichiidae?). 

Owen, 1954: Birds' nests, Cossypha caffra; (fly larvae). 

Parmenter, 1951 : Black redstart; (flies, Caninae). Birds' nests; 
(Caninae). 

Paulian, ig^o: Nye tic or ax sp.; (micromuscid) . Ploceinae; (flies). 

Perris, 1869: Hedge-sparrow. 

Plath, 1919 a: Astragalinus tristis salicamans (Grinnell), Astragalinus 
psaltria hesperophilus Oberholser, Carpodacus rnexicanus frontalis 
(Say). 

Roberts, 1940: Merops ornatus, Platycercus eximius; (larvae). 

Roubal, 1913: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie; (larvae). 

Schifferli, 1932: Bachstelz; (Mistfliegenlarven). 

Seguy, 1946: Birds' nests. 

— , 1950: Birds' nests. 
Seidel, 1932: Birds' nests. 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests. 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L. 
Spittle, 1947 b: Corvus c. corone L.; (larvae). 

— , 1948: Riparia r. riparia L. 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 



i67 

Szekessy, 1948: Columba domestica L. 
T(rouessart), 1875: Hirundo urhica. 
Ward, 1938: Merops ornatus; (blow-fly). 
Wegelin, 1932: Birds' nests; (Mistfliegenlarven). 
West, 1928 — 1937: Birds' nests. 

Family AGROMYZIDAE 
Agromyza infuscata Meigen 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 

Family ANISOPODIDAE 
Anisopus fenestralis (Scopoli) 
Woodroffe, ig^^: Muscicapa striata (Pallas). 

Mycetobia pallipes Meigen 
Pugh, 1938: Starling. 

Family BIBIONIDAE 
Bibio nigriventris Haliday 
Blair, 1931 : Rook. 

Family CALLIPHORIDAE 
Undetermined 

Biester and DeVries, 1943: Birds' nests. 
Davis, 1953: Swallow; (calliphorids). 
Eichler, 1939 a: Birds' nests. 
Herfs, 1936 a: House sparrow. 

McAtee, 1927 a: Dumetella carolinensis, Planesticus migratorius. 
Paulian, 1950: Nycticorax sp. 
Roubaud, 19 14: Passe (sic) griseus. 
— , igi^: Passer griseus. 
Wolfson, 1955: Birds' nests; (calliphorid flies). 

Calliphora sp. 

Lameere, 1946 a: Birds' nests. 
Seguy, 1946: Swallow. 

Calliphora erythrocephala (Meigen) 

Audcent, 1942: Hirundo rustica rustica L., Delichon urhica urhica L. 

(Calliphora erythrocephala Mg.). 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Calliphora erythrocephala Mg.). 
Donisthorpe. 1931 a: Carrion crow; [Calliphora erythrocephala Mg.). 



1 68 

Dorn, 1 9 13: Accipitcr nisus L.; {Calliphora erythrocephala Mg.). 
Hesse, 1925: Sparrow-hawk; {Calliphora erythrocephala Mg.). 
Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 
Kemper, 1938 a: Sperber, Krahe; {Calliphora erythrocephala Meig.). 

— , 1938 c: Mausebussard, Rabenkrahe, Rohrweihe; (Calliphora 
erythrocephala) . 

Mellor, 1 91 9: House martin; (Calliphora erythrocephala). 

Seguy, 1923: Swallow, Passer domesticus; (Calliphora erythrocephala). 

— , 1929: Passer domestica, Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica; (Cal- 
liphora erythrocephala Meigen). 

— . 1932 a: Chelidon sp., Hirundo sp., moineau; {Calliphora 
erythrocephala Meigen). 

— . 1933: Birds' nests, moineau. hirondelle: {Calliphora erythroce- 
phala (L.)). 

— , 1946: Delichon sp., Hirundo sp.; (Calliphora erythrocephala). 

— , 1950: Delichon sp., Hirundo sp.; {Calliphora erythrocephala 
Meigen ) . 

Woodroffe, 1953: Columha sp. 

Calliphora livida Hall 
Johnson. 1932: Barn swallow; (Calliphora viridescens). 

Calliphora vomitoria (Linnaeus) 
Eichler, 1937 b: Riparia riparia riparia; (Calliphora vomitoria). 
Johnson, 1927 a: Bluebird; {Calliphora vomitoria var. nigribarbis). 
Kemper, 1 938 a : Uf erschwalbe ; ( Calliphora vomitoria L. ) . 
Seguy, 1946: Delichr.^: urbica (L.), Hirundo rustica (L.). 

Cynomyia mortuorum (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., F. tinnunculu^ 

L.; {Cynomyia mortuorum L.). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests; (Cynomyia mortuorum). 

Eucalliphora lilaea (Walker) 
Jellison. 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 

Huascaromusca xanthorrhina (Bigot) 
Townsend, 1934: Birds' nests; {Huascaromusca cruciata TT. (sic)). 

Lucilia sp. 
McAtee, 1929: Passer domesticus. 

Lucilia argyrocephala Macquart 
Roubaud and van Saceghem, 19 16: Ploceus collaris. 
Seguy, 1924: Ploceus collaris. 



i69 

Lucilia caesar (Linnaeus) 
Hesse, 1919: Turdus viscivorus L. ; {Lucilia caesar L.). 
Kemper, 1938 a: Misteldrossel ; {Lucilia caesar L.). 
— ■ , 1938 c: Weissen Storch, Mausebussard ; (Lucilia caesar). 

Lucilia illustris (Meigen) 
Aubertin, 1933: Bird's nest; {Lucilia illustris Meigen). 
Audcent, 1942: Passer domesticus domesticus L.; {Lucilia illustris Mg. 

{simulatrix Pand.) ) . 
Seguy, 1928: Sparrow; {Lucilia illustris Meigen) . 

— . 1929: Passer domestica; {Lucilia illustris Meigen). 
— - , 1932 a: Moineau; {Lucilia illustris Is/ieigen) . 

— ■ , 1946: Sparrow; {Lucilia illustris Meigen) . 

— , 1950: Sparrow; {Lucilia illustris Meigen) . 

Mesembolia bellardiana Aldrich 
Townsend. 1934: Birds' nests. 

Onesia (Melinda) caerulea (Meigen) 
Pavay-Vajna, von, 1909: Motacilla alba L.; (Onesia cognata). 

Phaenicia caeruleiviridis (Macquart) 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Lucilia australis Townsend) . 

Phaenicia sericata (Meigen) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Lucilia sericata Mg.). 
Johnson, 1932: Barn swallow; {Lucilia sericata). 

Phormia sp. 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Swallow. 
Lindner, 1940: Swallow. 

Martini, 1923: Birds' nests; {Phormia (Protocalliphora) sp.). 
Riley and Johannsen, 1932: Birds' nests; {Phormia (Protocal- 
liphora) sp.). 
Seguy, 1950: Sparrow. 

Phormia regina (Meigen) 
Judd, 1954: Dendroica petechia. 
Seguy, 1923: Swallow, Passer domesticus; (Phormia regina). 

— , 1929: Passer domestica, Chelidon rustica, Hiru7ido urhica; 
{Phormia regina Meigen). 

— , 1932 a: Hirundo urbica; {Phormia regina Meigen). 

— , 1933: Moineau, hirondelles; (Phormia regina). 

— , 1935 a: Hirundo urbica. 



I70 

Pollenia rudis (Fabricius) 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Dryocopus 

martius L.; {Pollenia rudis Fabr.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Delichon urbica (L.) ; {Pollenia rudis Fab.). 

Protocalliphora sp. 

Bent, 1942: Hirundo erythrogaster Boddaert. 

Boyd, 1951 : Birds' nests; {Apaulina sp., Protocalliphora sp.). 

Chandler, 1949: Hawk, birds' nests; {Apaulina sp., Protocalliphora sp.). 

Chapman, 1935: Iridoprocne bicolor. 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, bluebird, house wren, crow, scarlet tanager, 
indigo bunting, chipping sparrow, song sparrow, catbird, brown 
thrasher, cardinal. Cooper's hawk, long-eared owl, cliff swallow, 
western robin, western horned lark, yellow warbler, green-backed 
goldfinch, willow goldfinch, Nuttall sparrow, California purple 
finch, California linnet, California brown towhee, rusty song spar- 
row, Oregon towhee, russet-backed thrush, cedar waxwing, bank 
swallow, swamp sparrow, white-throated sparrow, white-crowned 
sparrow, woodpecker. 

Eichler, 1936: Birds' nests. 
■ — ■ , 1937 a: Birds' nests. 

— , 1939 a: Meise, birds' nests. 

— , 1948: Birds' nests. 

— , 1952: Birds' nests. 

Hall, 1948: Birds' nests, house finch, Accipiter cooperi (Bon.), Asio 
wilsonianus (Less.), Bombycilla cedrorum VieilL, Buteo borealis 
borealis (Gmel.), B. lineatus lineatus (Gmel.), B. swainsoni Bon., 
Carpodacus mexicanus frontalis (Say), C. purpureus calijornicus 
Baird, Corvus brachyrhynchos brachyrhynchos Brehm, Dendroica 
aestiva brewsteri Grinn., D. caerulescens caerulescens (Gmel.), D. 
discolor discolor (Vieill.), Dumetella carolinensis (L.), Helmitheros 
vermivorus (Gmel.), Hirundo erythrogaster Boddaert, Hylocichla 
ustulata ustulata (Nutt.), Icteria virens virens (L.), Iridoprocne 
bicolor (Vieill.), Lanius ludovicianus gambeli Ridge, (sic), Melo- 
spiza melodia melodia (Wil.), M. melodia beata Bangs, M. melodia 
niorphna Ober., M. georgiana (Lath.), Mirnus polyglottos leucopte- 
rus (Vig.), Myiarchus crinitus boreus Bangs, Otocoris alpestris 
occidentalis McCall, Passer dornesticus domesticus (L.), Passerina 
cyanea (L.), Penthestes atricapillus atricapillus (L.), Petrochelidon 
albifrons albifrons (Raf. ), Pica pica hudsonia (Sab.), Pipilo macu- 
latus oregonus Bell, P. fuscus crissalis (Vig.), Piranga erythromelas 
Vieill., Progne subis subis (L.), Psaltriparus minimus minimus 
(Tns.), Richmondena cardinalis cardinalis (L.), Riparia riparia 
riparia (L.), Sayornis saya saya (Bon.), Sialia sialis sialis 
(L.), Spinus psaltria hesperophilus (Ober.), S. tristis salicamans 
Grinn., Spizella arborea arborea (Wilson), S. passerina passerina 



(Bech.), Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris L., Thryothorus ludovicianus 
ludovicianus (Lath.), Toxostoma rufum (L.), Troglodytes aedon 
aedon Vieill., Turdus migratorius propinquus Ridg., Tyrannus 
vociferans Swain., Zenaidura macroura rnarginella (Wood.), Zono- 
trichia leucophrys leucophrys (Forst.), Z. leucophrys nuttalli Ridg., 
z. albicollis (Gmel.) ; {Apaulina sp.). Birds' nests. 

Heinz, 1954: Alauda arvensis. 

Hennig, 1939: Birds' nests. 

— , 1952: Birds' nests. 
Herman, 1936: Birds' nests. 
Herter, 1952: Birds' nests. 
Heymons, 19 15: Birds' nests. 

Hill, 1948: Buteo jamaicensis, B. lineatus, Accipiter cooperii, Asia 

otus. 
Hill and Work, 1947: Mourning dove. 
Jellison, 1940: Golden eagle. 
Johnson, 1929 b: Barn swallow, robin. 

— , 1930: Tree swallow, house wren. 

— , 1932: House wren, starling. 

Judd, 1954: Agelaius phoeniceus; {Protocalliplwra sp. near 
sialia S. & D. ) . 

Lee and Ryckman, 1954: Bubo virginianus (Gmelin). 

McAtee, 1929: Troglodytes aedon. 
— • , 1940: Purple martin. 

Martini, 1929: Birds' nests. 

Mason, 1936: Bluebird, starling, robin, tree swallow, chickadee, house 

wren. 
— • , 1944: Crow. 

Miller, 1909: Bluebird, house wren, English sparrow. 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Owen, 1954: Sialia sialis, passerines, Iridoprocne bicolor, Zenaidura 
macroura, Riparia riparia, Hirundo rustica, Hylocichla guttata, 
Spizella passerina, Melospiza melodia, Setophaga ruticilla, Penthe- 
stes gambeli, birds of prey; {Protocalliplwra ( = Apaulina of 
Hall) ) .Birds' nests, Muscicapa albicollis. 

Philip, 1938: Aquila chrysaetos (L.). 

Riley and Johannsen, 1915: Birds' nests. 

Seguy, 1946: Corneille noire, freux, pinson, moineau, proyer, bruant, 
alouette, pipit des pres, bergeronnette, mesange charbonniere, me- 
sange bleue, mesange noire, rossignol, fauvette a tete noire, rouge- 
queue des murailles, tarier, gobe-mouche gris, hirondelle des che- 
minees, hirondelle des fenetres, hirondelle des rivages. 
■ — • , 1950: Corneille noire, freux, pinson, moineau, proyer, bruant, 
alouette, pipit des pres, bergeronnette, mesange charbonniere, me- 
sange bleue, mesange noire, rossignol, fauvette a tete noire, rouge- 
queue des murailles, tarier, gobe-mouche gris, hirondelle de che- 
minee, hirondelle de fenetre, hirondelle de rivasfe. 



172 

ThomaS; 1936: Dendroica d. discolor, Helmintheros (sic) vermivorus, 
Thryothorus I. ludovicianus, Icteric v. virens, Melospiza melodia 
beata. 

Townsend, 1934: Birds' nests. 

Wallace, 1955: Nest boxes. 

Protocalliphora aenea Shannon and Dobroscky 

Hall, 1948: Petrochelidon albifrons albifrons; {Apaulina aenea (Shan- 
non & Dobroscky) ). 
Jellison, 1940: Bird's nest. 

Protocalliphora avium Shannon and Dobroscky 

Brimley, 1938: Phoebe. 

Britten and Thompson, 1934: Crow, magpie. 

Coutant, 1915: Corvus brachyrhynchos brachyrhynchos Brehm; [Pro- 
tocalliphora azurea (Fallen)). 

Eichler, 1936 d: Crow; (Protocalliphora avium). 
■ — ■ , 1940: Corvus sp. 

Gahan, 1933: Crow, magpie. 

Hall, 1948: Birds' nests, Corvus brachyrhynchos brachyrhynchos Brehm, 
magpie, crow; {Apaulina avium (Shan. & Dobr.) ). 

Herms, 1950: Nuttall sparrow. California purple finch, greenback gold- 
finch, willow goldfinch, California brown towhee, rusty song spar- 
row, cliff swallow, Oregon towhee, yellow warbler, western 
robin, russet-backed thrush, cedar waxwing; {Protocalliphora azurea 
(Fallen)). 

Hill and Work, 1947: Common song birds near Berkeley, California; 
(Protocalliphora azurea). 

Hindwood, 1951 : Crow, magpie; (Protocalliphora avium). 

James, 1955: Great horned owl (Madera County, California). 

Jellison, 1940: Bubo virginianus, Buteo sp., Corvus brachyrhynchos. 
Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine), Asio wilsonianus. 

— , 1940 a: Crow, magpie; (Protocalliphora avium). 

Jellison and Philip, 1933: Corvus brachyrhynchos. Pica pica hudso- 

nicus (sic). 
Mason, 1944: Magpie; (Protocalliphora avium). 
Matheson, 1950: Birds' nests; (Protocalliphora avium). 
Plath, 1919: Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli, Carpodacus purpureus 

californicus, C. mexicanus frontalis, Astragalinus psaltria hespero- 

philus, willow goldfinch, California brown towhee; {Protocalliphora 

azurea (Fallen) ). 

— , 1919 a: Astragalinus psaltria hesperophilus Oberholser, A. tristis 
salicamans (Grinnell), Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli Ridgway, 
Carpodacus purpureus californicus Baird, C. mexicanus frontalis 
(Say), Pipilo crisalis (sic) crisalis (sic) (Vigors), Corvus brachyr- 
hynchos Brehm; {Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen)). 



173 

Plath, 1919b: Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli Ridg., Melospiza melodia 
rnorphna Oberh., Astragalinus tristis salicamans (Grinnell), 
Pipilo maculatus oregonus Bell, Hylocichla ustulata (Nuttall), Ale- 
rula migratoria propinqua (Ridg.), Ampelis cedorum (sic) (Veil.) 
(sic), Dendroica aestiua (Gmel.), Petrochelidon albijrons Say; 
(Phormia azurea Fallen). 

Pletsch, 1948: Magpies and crows in western Montana. 

Seguy, 1946: Asio wilsonianus: (Protocalliphora avium asiovora). 
Raven; (Protocalliphora avium). 
■ — ■ , 1950: Asio wilsonianus: (Protocalliphora avium asiovora). Raven; 
(Protocalliphora avium). 

Shannon and Dobroscky. 1924: Asio wilsonianus; {Protocalliphora 
avium var. asiovora). 



Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen) 

Audcent, 1942: Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Sylvia atri- 
capilla atricapilla L., Parus major newtoni Prazak, P. ater britan- 
nicus Sharpe & Dresser, Motacilla alba alba L., Anthus pratensis 
pratensis L., Hirundo rustica rustica L., Delichon urbica urbica L., 
Riparia riparia riparia L., Passer domesticus domesticus L., Frin- 
gilla coelebs coelebs L., Emberiza citrinella citrinella L., Corvus 
frugilegus frugilegus L., Alauda arvensis arvensis L.; {Protocalli- 
phora azurea Fall. (Avihospita, coerulea (sic) R. D., sordida 
Zett.)). 

Bezzi, 1922: Riparia riparia. 

Brauer, 1883: Bank swallow; (Calliphora chrysorhoea (sic) Mg.). 

Brues, 1946: Birds' nests: (Protocalliphora azurea). 

Colyer and Hammond, 1951 : Swallow, sparrow; {Protocalliphora azurea 
Fallen). 

Edwards, 1925 a: Wren; (Phormia azurea). 

Eichler, 1936 d: Riparia riparia. 
— ■ ■ 1939 t): Riparia riparia L.; {Protocalliphora azurea Fall."). 
— , 1942: Riparia riparia riparia L.; {Protocalliphora chrysorrhoea 
Meigen) . 

Enderlein, 1936: Birds' nests; {Philornis azurea (Fall.)). 

Engel, 1920: Riparia riparia riparia (L.) ; {Protocalliphora azurea 
Fall). 

Essig, 1942: Birds' nests. 

Eysell, 1924: Bird's nest; {Phormia chrysorrhoea Meigen, Phormia 
azurea Fall.). 

Galli-Valerio, 1930a: Hirundo rustica; {Phormia azurea Wall. (sic)). 

Heim de Balsac, 1933: Phylloscopus sp., Motacilla alba, Phoenicurus 
ochrurus; {Phormia azurea Fallen). 

Heinroth, 19 16: Gartengrasmiicke. Bachstelze, Schwalbe; {Protocalli- 
phora azurea Fallen). 

Heinz, 1954: Riparia riparia, birds' nests; {Protocalliphora chrysorr- 



174 

hoea Mg.). Parus major, P. caeruleus, Muscicapa albicollis; (Pro- 
tocalliphora falcozi). 

Hendel, 1901: Crow; (Calliplwra chrysorrhoea Mg.). 

Hennicke, 1901: Clivicola riparia (L.) ; (Calliphora chrysorrhoea). 

Hennig, 1939: Bank swallow; {Protocalliphora chrysorrhea (sic) Mei- 
gen, P. chrysorrhoea Meigen). Riparia riparia. 
— , 1952: Uferschwalbe ; {Protocalliphora chrysorrhea (sic) Meigen). 

Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Protocalliphora azurea). 

Hesse, 1919: Sylvia borin Bodd., Motacilla alba L.; [Protocalliphora 
azurea Fall.). 
— ■ , 1^2"^: Riparia riparia L,.; {Protocalliphora azurea YzW.) . 

Imms, 1934: Swallow, lark, sparrow, birds' nests; [Phormia (Protocal- 
liphora) azurea). 

Jussel. 1905: Hausschwalbe; {Calliphora azurea Fa.\\.) . 

Keilin, 1924 a: Fringilla coelebs, Hirundo rustica, Muscicapa grisola; 
(Phormia azurea). 

Lohrl, 1949: Thrush; (Protocalliphora chrysorrhoea = azurea). 

Lundbeck, 1927: Sparrow, swallow; {Phormia azurea Fallen). 

Martini, 1923: Birds' nests; (Protocalliphora azurea). 

Menegaux, 1939: Riparia riparia (L.). Fringilla coelebs, Muscicapa stri- 
ata, Hirundo rustica, Sylvia atricapilla, Alauda arvensis, Parus 
ater, P. major, Corvus frugilegus. Passer domesticus, Emberiza ci- 
trinella, Luscinia luscinia, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Saxicola rube- 
tra, Riparia riparia, Anthus pratensis, Melanocorypha calandra, Mo- 
tacilla alba; {Protocalliphora falcozi Seguy) . 

Mercier, 1929: Hirondelle des rivages; {Phormia azurea Fallen). 

Mueller, 1923: Uferschwalbe; {Protocalliphora azurea Fall.). 

Neveu-Lemaire, 1 938 : Swallow, birds' nests. 

Niethammer, 1937: Riparia riparia riparia (L.) ; {Protocalliphora azurea 
azurea) . 

Noller, 1920: Rauchschwalbe, Mehlschwalbe ; {Protocalliphora (Phor- 
mia) azurea ). 

Owen, 1954: Tits, Parus major, Pica pica, Hirundo rustica. Prunella 
modularis, Alauda arvensis, Delichon urbica, Riparia riparia, Cor- 
vus frugilegus, Erithacus rubecula, Sylvia atricapilla, S. commu- 
nis, Phylloscopus trochilus, Anthus pratensis, Motacilla alba, M. 
flava, Parus caeruleus, P. ater, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Luscinia 
megarhyncha, Fringilla coelebs, Emberiza citrinella. Passer dome- 
sticus; (Protocalliphora azurea). 

Owen and Ash, 1955: Athene noctua, Lullula arborea, Hirundo rustica, 
Parus major, P. caeruleus, P. palustris, Sitta europaea. Troglo- 
dytes troglodytes, Turdus philomelos, T. merula, Erithacus rube- 
cula, Muscicapa striata. Prunella modularis, Sturnus vulgaris, Coc- 
cothraustes coccothraustes, Phylloscopus trochilus. 

Parmenter, 1951: Swallow, sparrow; (Protocalliphora azurea). 

Patton, 1920: Thrush, chaffinch; (Phormia azurea). 

Pavay-Vajna, von, 1909: Anthus pratensis L., Clivicola riparia (L.), 



175 

Emberiza calandra L., Chelidonaria urbica (L.), Passer domc- 
sticus (L.) ; {Protocalliphora azureaFaWen) . 

Reichenow and Wiilker, 1929: Birds' nests; {Protocalliphora (Phorrnia) 
azurea (Fallen) ). 

Rodhain and Bequaert, 19 16: Swallow; (Phorrnia azurea). Corbeau, 
Cotyle riparia; (Calliphora chrysorrhoea). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Magpie, nightingale, redstart, skylark, mea- 
dow-pipit, tits, wagtail, crow, swallow, martin. 

Roubaud, 191 7: Swallow, lark, sparrow, Hirundo rustica, Parus ater, 
Passer domesticus, Anthus pratensis, Cotyle riparia, Corvus sp.; 
{Phorrnia azurea Fallen) . 

Schwardt, 1932: Thrush, sparrow, birds" nests: {Protocalliphora chry- 
sorrhea (sic) ). 

Seguy, 1928: Parus ater, P. major, Riparia riparia. Mesange; {Proto- 
calliphora azurea falcozi Seguy). 

— , 1929: Riparia riparia. Mesange; {Protocalliphora falcozi Seguy). 

— , 1932a: Riparia riparia; {Protocalliphora azurea Fallen). Me- 
sange; {Protocalliphora Falcozi Seguy). 

— ■ , 1941 : Mesange; {Protocalliphora falcozi Seguy) . 
Sourcouf and Gonzalez-Rincones, 1912: Swallow; {Phorrnia azurea 

Fallen). 
Speiser, 1909: Rauchschwalbe, Anthus sp.; {Protocalliphora azurea 

Fallen). 
Strobl, 1893: Raven; {Calliphora chrysorrhoea Mg.). 
Surcouf and Gonzalez-Rincones, 1912: Swallow; {Phorrnia azurea Fall., 

P. azurea Fall. ( = Protocalliphora sordida Zetterstedt) ). 
Villeneuve, 1926: Hirondelle des rivages; {Phorrnia azurea Fall.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Hirundo rustica L. 

Protocalliphora basingeri (Hall) 
Hall, 1948: House finch, mourning dove; {Apaulina basingeri Hall). 
Neff, 1945: Mourning dove; {Apaulina basingeri Hall). 

Protocalliphora caerulea (Robineau-Desvoidy) 
Bezzi, 1922: Corvus sp.. Passer sp., Hirundo sp., Cotyle sp., Parus sp., 

Ruticilla sp., Pipilo sp., Hylocichla sp., Merula sp., Ampelis sp., 

Dendroicha (sic) sp., Petrochelidon sp.. Passer sp., Carpodacus sp., 

Zonotrichia sp., Melospiza sp., Astragalinus sp. 
Boyd, 1935: Hirundo rustica rustica, Delichon urbica, birds' nests; 

{Protocalliphora caerulua R.-D. {Phorrnia sordida Zett.) ). 

— , 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Phorrnia sordida Zett. =: Proto- 
calliphora caerulea R.-D.). Birds' nests; {Phorrnia sordida Zett.). 

— . 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Phorriiia sordida Zett. — Proto- 
calliphora caerulea R.-D.). 

du Buysson, 1923a: Swallow: {Phorrnia sordida Zett. = P. azurea Mg.). 
Dufour, 1845: Swallow; (Lucilia dispar). 

— , 1852: Swallow; {Lucilia dispar Dufour). 



176 

Eichler, 19360!: Krahe, Sperling, Mehlschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe, Weise- 
schwanz, Rotschwanz, Bachstelze, Kleiber, Gebirgsbachstelze, 
Teichrohrsanger. 
— ■ 5 1937^' Birds' nests; (Protocalliphora sordida). 

— , 1937 c: Motacilla cinerea cinerea; (Protocalliphora sordida). 

— , 1938 c: Birds' nests; {Protocalliphora sordida Zett.). 

— , 1939 b: Birds' nests; {Protocalliphora sordida Zett.). 

— , 1942: Hirundo rustica L.; {Protocalliphora sordida Zett.). 
— ■ , 1950: Rauchschwalbe; (Protocalliphora sordida). 

Engel, 1920: Gartengrasmiicke ; {Protocalliphora sordida Xtt.) . 

Essig, 1942: Birds' nests; {Protocalliphora sordida (Meigen)). 

Falcoz, 192 1 : Parus major L., Ruticilla phoenicura L.; {Protocalliphora 
coerulea (sic) Rob.-Des. {Phormia sordida Zett.)) . 

Heinroth and Heinroth, 1926: Motacilla alba L.; {Protocalliphora sor- 
dida) . 

Heinz, 1954: Riparia riparia, birds' nests: {Protocalliphora sordida 
Zett.). 

Hendel, 1901: Swallow; (Lucilia dispar). 

Hennig, 1939: Sperling, Meise, Specht, Bachstelze, Neuntoter, Parus 
atricapillus rhenanus Kleinschm., Passer domesticus L.; {Proto- 
calliphora sordida Zett.). 

— , 1952: Uferschwalbe; {Protocalliphora sordida Zett.) . 
Herter, 1952: Krahe; {Protocalliphora sordida Zett.). 

— , 1953: Nebelkrahe, birds' nests; fPro^oc<z//i/?/iora 5orc?z<faj. 
Hesse, 1923: Motacilla alba L.; {Protocalliphora sordida Zett.). 
Le Gendre, 1923: Swallow; {Phormia sordida Zett.). 

Lohrl, 1949: Muscicapa albicollis, Kohlmeise: {Protocalliphora sordida 
Zett.). 
— ■ , 1950: Meise, Halsbandfliegenschnapper; (Protocalliphora 
sordida). 

Menegaux, 1939: Fringilla coelebs, Muscicapa striata, Hirundo rustica, 
Sylvia atricapilla, Alauda arvensis, Parus ater, P. major, Corvus 
frugilegus. Passer domesticus, Emberiza citrinella, Luscinia lus- 
cinia, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Saxicola rubetra, Riparia riparia, 
Anthus pratensis, Melanocorypha calandra, Motacilla alba. 

Mueller, 1923: Hausschwalbe ; {Phormia (Protocalliphora) sordida 
Zett.). 

Osten-Sacken, 1886: Swallow; (Lucilia dispar). 

Pandelle, 1896: Swallow; (Lucilia dispar). 

Pawlowsky, 1927: Swallow; {Phormia sordida Zett.) . 

Perris, 1869: Swallow; (Lucilia dispar). 

— , 1870: Hirondelle de cheminee; {Lucilia dispar Duf.). 

Rodhain and Bequaert, 1916: Parus ater L.; (Phormia sordida). Swal- 
low; {Lucilia dispar Dufour). 
Roubaud, 1913: Swallow; {Phormia azure a Meig.^. 

— , 1914: Swallow; {Phormia sordida Zett., P. azurea Meig. = Ph. 
sordida Zett.). 



177 

Roubaud, 1915: Swallow; (Phonnia azurea Meig. ( = sordida Zett.)). 
Parus major; (Phormia sordida Zett.). 
— ■ , 1915 a: Swallow, mesange charbonniere ; {Phormia sordida Zett. 
( = Phormia azurea Meig.) ). 

Seguy, 1928: Rossignol; {Protocalliphora caerulea dispar Dufour). Pas- 
ser domesticus, Miliaria calandra, Parus ater, Anthus pratensis, Ri- 
paria riparia, ?Corvus sp., Pratincola sp., Luscinia sp., Phoenicurus 
phoenicurus, Emheriza citrinella, Hirundo urbica, Chelidon ru- 
stica, Parus major, Trypanocorax jrugilegus; {Protocalliphora cae- 
rulea Rob.-Desv.) . 

— , 1^2^: Passer domestica, Parus major, Phoenicurus 
phoenicurus L. 

— , 1929b: Alauda sp., Anthus sp., Chelidon sp., Corvus sp., Embe- 
riza sp., Fringilla sp., Luscinia sp., Miliaria sp., Motacilla sp., 
Muscicapa sp., Parus sp.. Passer sp., Phoenicurus sp., Pratincola sp., 
Sylvia sp.; {Protocalliphora caerulea R.-D.). 

— , 1932 a: Fringilla caelebs (sic), Muscicapa striata, Chelidon ru- 
stica, Sylvia atricapilla, Alauda arvensis, Parus ater, P. major, 
Trypanocorax jrugilegus, Corvus sp., Passer domestica, Emberiza 
citrinella, Luscinia sp., Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Pratincola sp., 
Riparia riparia, Anthus pratensis. Miliaria calandra, Motacilla alba. 

— , 1937: Hirondelle de cheminee; {Lucilia dispar Duf.). 

— , 1941: Parus major, Passer domesticus, Phoenicurus phoeni- 
curus. 

— ■ , 1 951: Moineau, mesange, rossignol de murailles, pinson, hiron- 
delle, alouette, corbeau; {Protocalliphora caerulea R.-D.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Protocalliphora coe- 
rulea (sic) ). 

Surcouf and Gonzalez-Rincones, 191 2: Swallow; (Lucilia dispar). 

van Emden, 1954: Birds' nests; {Protocalliphora sordida Zett.). 

Villeneuve, 191 3: Hirondelle; {Phormia sordida Zett.). 

Protocalliphora cuprina (Hall) 
Hall, 1948: House finch, goldfinch, phoebe, wild canary, western robin; 
{Apaulina cuprina Hall). 

Protocalliphora hesperia Shannon and Dobroscky 
Hall, 1948: Petrochelidon albifrons albifrons (Raf.), goldfinch, phoebe; 

{Apaulina hesperia (Shannon and Dobroscky) ) . 
James, 1955: Swallow (Tulare County, California). 

Protocalliphora hirudo Shannon and Dobroscky 
Hall, 1948: Warbler, Turdus migratorius propinquus Ridg., spanow or 

goldfinch; {Apaulina hirudo (Shan. & Dobr.)). 
Jellison, 1940: Swallow; (Protocalliphora hirudo). 



178 

Johnson, 1925: Western robin; (Protocalliphora hirudo var. cuprea 
Shannon & Dobroscky) . 
— , 1929: Western robin; {Protocalliphora hirudo var. cuprea). 
■ — , 1929 b: Sparrow; {Protocalliphora hirudo cuprea Shan. & Dobr.). 
Matheson, 1950: Birds' nests; (Protocalliphora hirudo). 
Seguy, 1950: Sparrow, warbler, Planesticus migratorius propinquus; 

(Protocalliphora hirundo). 
Shannon and Dobroscky, 1924: Planesticus migratorius propinquus; 
{Protocalliphora hirudo var. cuprea S. and D.). 



Protocalliphora hirundo Shannon and Dobroscky 

Hall, 1948: Petrochelidon albifrons albifrons (Raf.) ; {Apaulina hirundo 
(Shan. & Dobr.)). 

Harms, 1950: Bailey mountain chickadee; {Protocalliphora splendida 
Macq., var. near hirudo S. & D.). 

Shannon and Dobroscky, 1924: Petrochelidon albifrons; {Protocal- 
liphora splendida hirundo Shannon & Dobroscky). 

Storer, 1929: Penthestes gambeli baileyae; {Protocalliphora splendida, 
\'ar. near hirundo S. & B. (sic)). 



Protocalliphora metallica (Townsend) 
Bezzi, 1922: Merula migratoria, Corvus americanus. 
George and Mitchell, 1948: Hermit thrush, chipping sparrow, song 

sparrow, redstart, western robin, mockingbird, California shrike, 

western kingbird, English sparrow; {Apaulina metallica (Twnsd.)). 
Hall, 1948: Riparia riparia riparia: (Apaulina metallica) . Progne subis 

subis (L.); {Apaulina metallica (Townsend)). 
Hearle, 1938: Birds' nests; {Protocalliphora splendida Macq.). 
Herms, 1950: Western robin; {Phormia metallica Town.). 
Johnson, 1925: Bluebird, robin, brown thrasher, crow, tree swallow; 

{Protocalliphora splendida Macq.). 

— , 1927 a: Dendroica coerulescens coerulescens; (Protocalliphora 
splendida) . 

— , 1929: Barn swallow, chestnut-sided warbler, robin; (Protocal- 
liphora splendida) . 

■ — , 1929 b: Black-throated blue warbler, chestnut-sided warbler; 
{Protocalliphora splendida Macq.) 

— , 1930: Redstart, black-throated blue warlber, chestnut-sided warb- 
ler, blue-headed vireo; {Protocalliphora splendida Mcq.). 

- — , 1 931: Black-throated blue warbler, chestnut-sided warbler, red- 
start, blue-headed vireo; (Protocalliphora splendida). 

■ — , 1932: Song sparrow; {Protocalliphora splendida M.?icq.). 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Passer domesticus, Progne subis, Trog- 
lodytes aedon, Myiarchus crinitus; {Protocalliphora splendida 
Macq.). Sialia sialis; {"^Protocalliphora splendida Macq.). 



179 

Martini. 1923: Birds' nests: (Phormia metallica) . 

Mason. 1944: Iridoprocne hicolor, Sialia s. sialis, Troglodites (sic) 
aedon aedon, Hirundo erythrogastra (sic), Turdus m. migratorius, 
Sturnus v. vulgaris, Melospiza m. melodia, Riparia r. riparia; (Pro- 
tocalliphora splendida Macq.). 

Neff, 1945: English sparrow, mockingbird, California shrike, western 
kingbird. 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Plath, 1919b: Merula migratoria propinqua (Ridg.).; {Phormia met- 
allica Towns.). Merula migratoria propinqua (Ridg.).; {Protocal- 
liphora metallica Towns.). 

Schwardt, 1932: Birds' nests, thrush, sparrow: {Protocalliphora me- 
tallica, P. splendida). Bluebird; (Protocalliphora splendida). 

Seguy, 1946: Toxostoma rufum L., Siala (sic) sialis L., cardinal, Pla- 
nesticus migratorius L., corbeau, Otocoris alpestris, Petrochelidon 
albifrons Say, Prague subis: {Protocalliphora splendida (Macq.)). 
— . 1950: Toxostoma rufum, Sialia sialis, cardinal, Planesticus mi- 
gratorius, raven, Otocoris alpestris, Petrochelidon albifrons, Progne 
subis; {Protocalliphora splendida Macq.). 

Shannon and Dobroscky. 1924: Brown thrasher: {Protocalliphora splen- 
dida splendida Macq.). 

Stoner, 1936: Riparia riparia riparia (L.) ; {Protocalliphora splendida 
Macq.). 

\Vhitehead, 1933: Progne subis subis (L.) ; {Protocalliphora splendida 
Macq.). 

Woods, 1926: Hirundo erythrogastra (sic) ; (Protocalliphora splendida). 



Protocalliphora sialia Shannon and Dobroscky 

Bent, 1948: Troglodytes aedon aedon Vieill. ; (Protocalliphora splendida 
sialia) . 

Eichler, 1936 d: Blauvogel, Sturnus vulgaris L., birds' nests; (Protocal- 
liphora sialia). 

— , 1940: Sialia sialis L. 

Henshaw, 1908: Bluebird; {Protocalliphora chrysorrhoea Meigen). 

Jellison, 1940: Magpie; {Protocalliphora silia (sic) Shannon & Dobro- 
scky). Swallow, Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine). 

Johnson, 1927: Sialia sialis sialis, brown thrasher, robin, barn swallow, 
tree swallow; {Protocalliphora splendida form sialia). 

— , 1927 a: Bluebird, tree swallow, crested flycatcher; (Protocalli- 
phora splendida form sialia) . 

— , 1927 b: Sialia sialis sialis (L.) ; {Protocalliphora splendida form 
sialia Shannon & Dobroscky). 

— . 1929: Eastern bluebird; {Protocalliphora splendida var. sialia). 

— . 1929b: Bluebird, tree swallow, crested flycatcher; {Protocalli- 
phora splendida sialia Shann. & Dobr. ). 

• — , 1930: Bluebird, tree swallow, barn swallow, crested flycatcher. 



i8o 

Johnson, 1931: Bluebird, tree swallow, crested flycatcher, barn swallow; 
(Protocalliphora sialia). 
— , 1932: Tree swallow, bluebird, robin, starling; (Protocalliphora 
sialia) . 

Miller, 1909: Red-winged blackbird, meadow lark, catbird; {Protocal- 
liphora chrysorrhoea Meigen). 

Sargeant, 1938: Red-tailed hawk, red-shouldered hawk, Coopers hawk; 
[Protocalliphora splendida sialis Shan. & Dobr.). 

Wetherbee, 1932: Sialia sialis sialis; (Protocalliphora sialia). 

Protophormia terrae- novae (Robineau-Desvoidy) 
Audcent, 1932: Birds' nests; {Protophormia terrae-yiovae R.-D. {groen- 
landica Ztt., coerulea (sic) Ztt.)). 



Family GARNI DAE 

Undetermined 

Eichler, 1939a: Birds' nests. 
Kirschenblatt, 1936: Birds' nests. 

Garnus hemapterus Nitzsch 

Bequaert, 1942: Haliaeetus albicilla (L.), Falco peregrinus Tunst., F. 
tinnunculus L., Columba livia Gm. {— domestical , C. oenas L., 
Tyto alba (Scop.), Aegolius funereus L. (Cryptoglaux), Dryobates 
major L., Dryocopus martins L., Delichon urbica L., Pica pica (L.), 
Corvus comix L., Colaeus (sic) monedula (L.), Penthestes atri- 
capillus (L.), Parus ater L., Certhia familiaris L., Turdus philome- 
lus (sic) Brehm, Arceuthornis musicus (L.), Phoenicurus phoeni- 
curus L., Regulus regulus (L.), Sylvia atricapilla L., Sturnus vul- 
garis L., Passer domesticus L., Fringilla coelebs L. 

Bezzi, 19 16: Starling, hawk, birds' nests; (Camus hemapterus). 

— , 1922: Aquila sp., Falco sp., Picus sp., lynx (sic) sp., Sylvia sp., 
Sturnus sp., Coloeus sp. 

Collin, 1939: Starling, barn owl, hedge-sparrow, blackbird. 
Colyer and Hammond, 1951: Kestrel, great spotted woodpecker, black- 
cap, starling, 
de Meijere, 191 2: Falco sacer, Sturnus vulgaris, Sylvia atricapilla. 

— , 1928: Corvus monedula. 

— , 1944: Spreeuw. 

Eichler, 1936: Birds' nests; (Camus hemapterus). 

— , 1936 b: Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris L., Sylvia atricapilla atricapilla 
L., Tyto alba guttata Brehm, Passer domesticus domesticus L., 
Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus L. 

- — , 1937 d: Falco tinnunculus, starling, Wendehals, Monchsgrasmiicke. 

— , 1939 b: Falco tinnunculus L., Jynx torquilla L., Sturnus vulgaris L. 



i8i 

Eichlei-. 1949: Starling. 

— , 1950: Bird's nest; {Camus hemapterus) . 

— , 1952: Birds' nests; (Camus hemapterus). 

Engel, 1920: Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris (L.). Falco tinnunculus tin- 
nunculus (h.), Falco cherug (sic) cherug (sic) (Cray {s\c)),Aquila 
imperialis, Silvia (sic) atricapilla atricapilla (L.), Jynx torquilla 
torquilla (L.). 

Frey. 1921: Starling. 
— ■ . 1930: Starling. 

Hennig, 1937: Aquila heliaca Sav. (= Aquila imperialis), Certhia fa- 
miliaris L., Colaeus (sic) monedula spermologus Vieill., Corvus 
comix L., Corvus corone L., Columha domestica L., C. oenas L., 
Aegolius funereus L., Delichon urbica L., Dryobates major L., Dryo- 
copus martius L., Falco cherrug Gray (= Falco sacer), F. tinnun- 
culus L., F. peregrinus Tunst., Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Frin- 
gilla coelebs L., Jynx torquilla L., Parus ater L., P. atricapillus L.^ 
Passer domesticus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Pica pica L., 
Regulus regulus L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Sylvia atricapilla L., Tur- 
dus musicus L., T. philomelos Brehm, Tyto alba guttata Brehm. 

Herter. 1953: Birds' nests: (Camus hemapterus). 

Lindner, 1940: Birds' nests; [Camus hemapterus Egg.). 

Menegaux, 1932: Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Mercier, 1928: Falco tinnunculus L. 

Niethammer, 1938: Jynx torquilla L.; (Camus hemapterus). 

Noller, 1920: Starling, Strix flammea; (Camus hemapterus). 

Nordberg, 1936: Falco peregrinus Tunst., Corvus comix L., Pica pica L., 
Fringilla coelebs L., Regulus regulus L., Turdus musicus L., Haliae- 
tus (sic) albicilla L., Certhia familiaris L., Parus ater L., P. atrica- 
pillus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Delichon urbica L., Colaeus 
(sic) monedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryocopus martius L., Dr);- 
obates major L., Aegolius funereus L., Columba domestica L., C. 
o^na^ L., Turdus philomelus (sic) Brehm. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Tit, starling, woodpecker, falcon, finch, 
warbler, crow, pigeon, swallow, hedge-sparrow, barn-owl, blackbird. 

Seguy, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris L. 

— , 1932 a: Dryobates major L.; {Camus setosus Stobbe). Sturnus 
vulgaris L., Falco cherrug (Gray), F. tinnunculus L., Parus sp., 
Dryobates sp., Coloeus sp., Sylvia atricapilla, Aquila heliaca Sav.; 
{Camus hemapterus (Nitzsch)). 

— , 1934: Falco tinnunculus L., Falco cherug (sic) Gray, Parus sp., 
Dryobates major, Coloeus sp., Sylvia atricapilla L., Jynx torquilla 
L.. Aquila heliaca Sav., Sturnus vulgaris L. 

— , 1944: Parus sp., Coloeus sp., birds' nests. 

— , 1946: Ffl/co tinnunculus L., Fa/co cherug (sic) Gray, Parw^ sp., 
Dryobates major, Coloeus sp., Sylvia atricapilla L., /yn.r ior- 
quilla L., Aquila heliaca Sav., Sturnus vulgaris L. 

— , 1950: Fa/co tinnunculus, Falco cherug (sic), Parui sp., Dryobates 



1 82 

major, Coloeus sp., Sylvia atricapilla, ]yn\ torquilla, Aquila heli- 

aca, Sturnus vulgaris. 
Stobbe, 1913: Passer domesticus L., Picus major; {Camus setosus 

Stobbe). Sturnus vulgaris L., Falco tinnunculus, F. sacer, Aquila 

imperialis, Sylvia atricapilla. 
Stresemann, 1934: Birds' nests. 
Wasielewski, von, and Wiilker, 19 18: Sparrow, warbler; (Camus 

setosus). Turmfalk, starling, falcon, eagle. 
Wegelin, 1933: Sperling. 

— , 1934: Spatz, Star, Wendehals. 
Wiilker, 1925 a: Birds' nests. 

Meoneura sp. 

Bequaert, 1942: Birds' nests. 
Frey, 1921: Starling. 

— , 1930: Starling. 

Nordberg, 1936: Turdus philornelus (sic) Brehm. T. musicus L., Co- 

lumba oenas L. 
Seguy, 1946: Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Meoneura lamellata Collin 

Collin, 1930: Sand martin. 

Hennig, 1937: Corvus comix L., Pica pica L., Fringilla coelebs L., Tur- 
dus merula L., Parus major L., Delichon urbica L., Sturnus vulga- 
ris L., Riparia riparia L. 

Lindner, 1940: Birds' nests. 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Pica pica L., Fringilla coelebs L., 
Turdus merula L., Parus major L., Delichon urbica L., Sturnus 
vulgaris L. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Sand-martin. 

Seguy, 1934: Cotyle riparia L. 

Meoneura neottiophila Collin 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Meoneura 

neottiophila). 
Collin, 1930: Birds' nests. 
Donisthorpe, 1935 a: Ardea cinerea L.; [Meoneura neotiophila (sic) 

Coll.). 
Hamm, 1939: Birds' nests. 
Hennig, 1937: Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Accipiter gentilis L., A. nisus 

L., Parus atricapillus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Colaeus (sic) 

monedula L., Dryobates major L., Aegolius funereus L., Falco 

tinnunculus L., Columba oenas L., birds' nests. 
Lindner, 1940: Birds' nests. 
Nordberg, 1936: Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Accipiter gentilis L., A. 

nisus L., Parus atricapillus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Co- 



1 83 

laeus (sic) monedula L., Dryobates major L., Aegolius funereus L., 
Falco tinnunculus L., Columha oenas L. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Hawk, tit, woodpecker, pigeon, finch, black- 
bird, carrion-crow. 

Seguy, 1934: Bird's nest. 

Meoneura obscurella (Fallen) 
Edwards, 1925 a: Thrush, blackbird, ?finch; (Meoneura obscurella). 
Hennig, 1937: Birds' nests; {Meoneura obscurella Fallen). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Meoneura obscurella Fall.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia: {Meoneura obscurella 
Fall.). 

Family GEGIDOMYIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Edwards, 1925 a: Thrush, blackbird, ?finch. 

Nordberg, 1936: Turdus pilaris L. 

Pugh, 1936: Thrush, bird's nest. 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 

Glinodiplosis sp. 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Family CHLOROPIDAE 
Undetermined 

Dobroscky, 1925: Crow. 

Botanobia dubia (Macquart) 
Collin, 1939: Blackbird, linnet; {Botanobia fascipes Becker). 

Chiorops (Oscinis) meigeni (Loew) 

Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe ; {Chiorops nasuta Schrank) . 

Elachiptera sp. 

Seguy, 1950; Planesticus rnigratorius, Dumetella sp.; {Crassiseta sp.). 

Elachiptera costata (Loew) 

McAtee, 1927 a: Dumetella carolinensis, Planesticus rnigratorius; {Cras- 
siseta costata Loew). 

Elachiptera uniseta Collin 
Collin, 1939: Reed bunting. 

Haplegis sp, 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 



1 84 

Hippelates particeps (Becker) 
Hicks, 1953: Cyanocitta cristata cristata (L.). 

Madiza parva (Adams) 
Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L. 

Thaumatomyia notata (Meigen) 
Donisthorpe, 1935 a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Chloropisca notata Mg.). 

Tricimba sp. 

Edwards, 1925 a: Blackbird; [Notonaulax sp.). 

Family CHYROMYIIDAE 
Chyromyia sp. 

Donisthorpe, i^-^^di-. Ardea cinerea 'L.; {Chiromyia (sic) sp.). 
Edwards, 1925 a: Thrush, blackbird, Pfinch; {Chiromyia (sic) sp.). 
Falcoz, 1914: Swallow; {Chaeromyia sp.) . 
Leleup, 1947 c: Birds' nests; {Chiromyia (sic)). 

Chyromyia flava (Linnaeus) 
Collart, 1947 a: Owl; {Chiromyia (sic) flava (L.)). 
Collin, 1933: Owl; {Chiromyia (sic) flava). 

Chyromyia inermis Collin 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; {Chiromyia 
(sic) inermis). 

Collart, 1947 a: Columba oenas L., kestrel, hedge-sparrow, rook, black- 
bird, greenfinch; {Chiromyia (sic) m^rmw Collin). 

Collin, 1933: Hedge-sparrow, greenfinch, rook, kestrel, blackbird; 
{Chiromyia (sic) (Gymno chiromyia) inermis GoWm) . 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Missel thrush; {Chiromyia (sic) inermis Coll.). 

Leleup, 1947 c: Columba oenas L., pigeon colombin; {Chiromyia (sic) 
inermis Collin). 

Pugh, 1936: Thrush, bird's nest; {Chiromyia (sic) inermis CoW.) . 

Family GULIGIDAE 
Culex (Culex) fatigans Wiedemann 
Seguy, 1946: Birds' nests. 
— , 1950: Birds' nests. 

Family DOLIGHOPODIDAE 

Systenus sp, 

Falcoz, 1921 : Parus major L. 
Seguy, 1929: Parus major. 



1 85 

Seguy, 1932 a: Parus major. 
■ — . 1946: Mesange. 

— , 1950: Mesange. 

Systenus tener Low 

Falcoz, 1923: Mesange. 
Seguy, 1929: Mesange. 

— , 1932 a: Mesange. 

Family DORYLAIDAE 
Ghalarus spurius (Fallen) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L. : (Chalarus 
spurius). 

Family EMPIDIDAE 
Drapetis sp. 

Lee and Ryckman, 1954: Speotyto cunicularia hypogaea (sic) (Bona- 
parte). 

Tachista sp. 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 

Tachista arrogans (Linnaeus) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook. 

Family EPHYDRIDAE 
Hydrellia tenebricosa Collin 
Collin, 1939: Coot. 

Mosillus subsultans (Fabricius) 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Mosillus (Gymnota) 

subsultans Fb.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Mosillus (Gymnota) 

subsultans Fb.). 

Family FUNGIVORIDAE 
Undetermined 

Dobroscky, 1925: Crow. 

Docosia fumosa Edwards 
Edwards, 1 925 : Thrush, hedge-sparrow. 

— , 1925 a: Thrush, blackbird, ?finch; (Docosia fumosa). 
Landrock, 1927: Birds' nests. 

Pugh, 1936: Thrushj bird's nest. 



1 86 

Seguy, 1940: Grive, fauvette. 

— , 1946: Bird's nest; [Doccosia (sic) fumosa Edw.). Grive, fauvette, 
birds' nests. 

— • , 1950: Bird's nest; (Doccosia (sic) fumosa). 

Family HELEIDAE 
Undetermined 

Hindwood, 1951: Magpie, crow; (blood-sucking midges). 

Culicoides sp. 

Fletcher, 1920: Crow. 

Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine), Corvus hrachyrhynchus 
(sic). 

— , 1940 a: Crow, magpie. 
Wolfson, 1955: Magpie. 

Culicoides biguttatus (Coquillett) 

Jellison, 1940: Corvus brachyrhynchos; [Culicoides biguttatus Coq.). 
Corvus brae liyrhynchus (sic); [Culicoides biggutatus (sic) Coq.). 

Jellison and Philip, 1933: Corvus brachyrhynchos; [Culicoides bigut- 
tatus Coq.). 

Judd, 1954: Dumetella carolinensis; [Culicoides biguttatus (?) Coq.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Crow, magpie; (Culicoides biguttatus). 

Culicoides crepuscularis Malloch 
Foote and Pratt, 1954: Magpie, bird's nest. 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine), Asio wilsonianus. 
Jellison and Philip, 1933: Pica pica hudsonicus (sic). 

Culicoides palmerae James 
Foote and Pratt, 1954: Magpie. 

Helea sp. 

Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L. 

Family HELOMYZIDAE 
Undetermined 

Bequaert, 1954: Birds' nests. 
Frey, 1921 : Starling. 
Hennig, 1952: Birds' nests. 

Hicks, 1953: Toxostoma rufum (L.), Turdus migratorius migratorius L. 
Nordberg, 1936: Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Fringilla coelebs L., Parus 
atricapillus L., Dryocopus martius L. 



i87 

Helomyza brachypterna (Loew) 

Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Leria brachypterna Lw.). 

Collin, 1939: Brown owl, kestrel, rook, carrion crow; {Leria (Heleomyza 
(sic) ) brachypterna Lw.) . 

Helomyza serrata (Linnaeus) 
Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe; {Leria serrata 'L.). 
Waterston, 1910a: Syrnium aluco; (Blepharoptera serrata). 

Neoleria ruficeps (Zetterstedt) 
Seguy, 1934: Merle. 

— , 1946: Merle; {Neoleria ruficeps Ztt.). 

— , 1950: Merle. 

Oecothea fenestralis (Fallen) 
Leruth, 1939: Birds' nests; {Oecothea fenestralis Fallen). 

Ornitholeria nidicola Frey 

Collin, 1939: Starling, barn owl. 

— , 1 943 : Barn owl. 
Czerny, 1932: Starling, Seeadler. 
Frey, 1930: Starling. 

Seguy, 1946: Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Pseudoleria pectinata Loew 

Jellison, 1940: Asia wilsoriianus. 

Tephrochlamys flavipes (Zetterstedt) 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Tephrochla- 
mys flavipes) . 

Collin, 1943: Birds' nests; {Tephrochlamys flavipes Ztt.). 

Edwards, 1925 a: Finch; (Tephrochlamys flavipes). 

Heim de Balsac, 1933: Columba palumba L.; {Tephrochlainys flavipes 
Zett.). 

Palm, 1936: Buteo buteo L. ; {Tephrochlamys flavipes Zett.). 

Pugh, 1936: Thrush, bird's nest; {Tephrochlamys flavipes Zett.). 

Saunt, 1934: Birds' nests; {Tephrochlamys flavipes Ztt.). 

Tephrochlamys rufiventris (Meigen) 

Saunt, 1934: Birds' nests; {Tephrochlamys rufiventris Mg.). 

Tephrochlamys tarsalis (Zetterstedt) 
Collin, 1943: Birds' nests; {Tephrochlamys tarsalis Zett.). 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Tephrochlamys tarsalis Zett.). 
Hennig, 1952: Wendehals, Passer domesticus; {Tephrochlamys tar- 
salis Zett. ) . 



1 88 

Leleup, 1947 c: Chouette. 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Tephrochlamis (sic) tarsalis 
Zett.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; (Tophrochlamis (sic) 
tarsalis Zett.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp.; {Tephrochlamys tarsalis Zett.). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Delichon urbica (L.); {Tephroch- 
lamys tarsalis Zett. ) . 

Uncertain Position 

Lack, 1932: ?sea birds; (Leria septentrionalis) . 

Family HIPPOBOSCIDAE 
Undetermined 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L. 

Audcent, 1934: Birds' nests. 

Bequaert, 1953 a: Turdus ericetorum ericetorum. 

Boyd, 1951 : Birds' nests. 

Eichler, 1927 e: Birds' nests. 

— , 1939 a: Birds' nests. 

— , 1952: Birds' nests. 

Fletcher, 1923: Riparia breuicaudata. 

Frieling, 1950: Mehlschwalbe. 

Geoffroy, 1762: Swallow; (Hippobosca pedibus sexdactylis, alis diva- 

ricatis) . 
Herman, 1936: Birds' nests. 

— ■ , 1945: Birds' nests. 
Hindwood, 1947: Birds' nests. 
Kirschenblatt, 1936: Birds' nests. 
Leleup, 1947 h: Columba oenas L. 
Lesse, de, 1950: Birds' nests. 
Liihmann, 1937: Birds' nests. 
Lutz, 1924: Birds' nests. 

McKeown, 1942: Birds' nests, black and white swallow, fairy martin. 
Olivier, 1 792 : Birds' nests, moineau, hirondelle, rouges-queues. 
Paramonov, 1951 : Bird's nest. 
Reaumur, de, 1 738 : Swallow. 

— , 1742: Swallow; (Mouches-araignees). 
Slabber, 1768: Swallow. 

Smart, 1943: Birds' nests. 

Spencer, 1938: Birds' nests. 

Thompson, 1935: Delichon urbica urbica. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951 b: House-martin. 

Crataerina sp. 

Bequaert, 1942 a: Swifts 

— , 1953 a: Birds' nests. 



1 89 

Bequaert, 1954: Swift. 

Hardenberg, 1929: Gierschwalbe ; {Crataerrhina (sic) sp.). 

Russell, 1922: Swift; {Oxypterum sp.). 

Speiser, 1908: Schwalbe, Segler; {Crataerhina (sic) sp.). 

Stresemann, 1934: Schwalbe, Segler; [Crataerhina (sic) sp.). 

Thompson, 1954: Birds' nests. 

Crataerina acutipennis Austen 

Austen, 1926: Swift (Natal). 

Bedford, 1932: Swift (Natal), Colletoptera af finis (Grey). 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Apus spp. 

Mokhehle, 195 1: Caffrapus caffer caffer (Roberts); {Crataerina acu- 
tipennis Austin (sic)). 

Crataerina longipennis Austen 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Apus sp.; (Crataerina longipennis). 

Crataerina melbae (Rondani) 
Austen, 1926: Micro pus melba L.; {Crataerina melbae Rond.). 
Bequaert, 1953 a: Apus melba; (Crataerina melbae). 

— ■ , 1953 b: Apus melba; (Crataerina melbae). 
Buttiker, 1949: Micro pus melba L.; {Crataeri?ia melbae Rond.). 
Eichler, 1939 c: Alpensegler; {Crataerina melbae Rond.). 

— , ig^o: Micro pus melba h.; {Crataerina melbae Kond.) . 
Hase, 1940: Mauersegler; {Crataerina melbae Rond.). 
Menegaux, 1939: Apus melba L. 

Schneider-Orelli, 1937: Micropus melba L.; (Crataerina melbae Rond.). 
Speiser, 1909: Apus melba L.; {Crataerhina (sic) melbae Rnd.). 
Troller, 1932: Micropus melba melba (L.) ; {? Crataerrhina (sic) melbae 
Rond.). 

Crataerina pallida (Latreille) 
Austen, 1909: Cypselus apus Linn.; {Oxypterum pallidum Leach). 

— , ig26: Micropus melba L.; {Crataerina pallida 'La.X.i'.). 

— , 1932: Alpine swift; {Crataerina pallida Latr.). 
Bagnall, 1915: Swift; {Oxypterum pallidum Leach). 

Bau, 1929: Apus apus (L.); {Crataerrhina (sic) pallida (Latr.)). 
Bequaert, 1953 a: Apus apus, Apus melba. 
■ — , 1953 b: Apus apus, Apus melba. 

— , 1954: Swift; (Crataerina pallida). 

Brauer, 1883: Cypselus apus, C. melba; {Oxypterum pallidum Leach). 
Brumpt, 1949: Cypselus apus, swallows; {Crataerina pallida Latr.). 
Buttiker, 1944: Micropus apus L.; {Crataerina pallida Latr.). 

— , ig^^g: Micropus apus h.; {Crataerina pallida hatr.). 

Colyer and Hammond, 1951: Swallows, swifts, martins; {Crataerina 

pallida Latr. ) . 
Cornelius, 1869: Cypselus apus; (Oxypterum pallidum Leach). 



I go 

Cutcliffe. ig^i: A pus apus; [Crataerhina (sic) pallida). 

— , 1955: Apus apus. 

Dobner ,1862: Thurmschwalbe ; [Anapera pallida Leach). 

Douglas, 1 871: Sturnus vulgaris, Cypselus apus; (Oxypterum pallidum 
Leach). 

Drensky, 1926: Bird's nest: {Oxypterum pallidum Linn.). 

du Buysson, 1923 a: Martinet; (Oxypterum pallidum Leach). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Swifts, swallows, martins; {Cra- 
taerhina (sic) pallida L,a.tr.) . 

Eichler, 1939 b: Micropus apus L., Micropus melba L.; {Crataerina pal- 
lida Latr. ) . 

— , 1939 c: Mauersegler; {Crataerina pallida ha.tr.). 

— , ig/\.o: Micropus melba h.-. {Crataerina pallida ha.tr.). 

— , i^^^: Micropus apus apus h.; {Crataerina pallida ha.tr.) . 
■ — , 1950: Mauersegler; (Crataerina pallida). 

Falcoz, 1926: Cypselus apus h., Buteo vulgaris L., swallows. 
Galli-Valerio, 1931 : Cypselus apus; {Oxypterum pallidum Latr.). 

— , 1932: Cypselus apus; {Crataerhina (sic) pallidaha.tr.). 
— • , 1939: Cypselus apus; {Crataerhina (sic) pallidaha.tr.). 

Guiart and Lesieur, 1913: Cypselus apus L. ; {Crataerhina (sic) pallida 

Olfers). 
Hamm, 1939: Swift; {Oxypterum pallidum Leach). 
Hardenberg, 1927: Gierzwaluw; {Crataerrhina (sic) pallida Olf.). 
Hase, 1940: Mauersegler; (Crataerina pallida). 
Herter, 1952: Mauersegler; {Crataerrhina (sic) pallidaha.tr.). 

— , 1953: Mauersegler; {Crataerrhina (sic) pallida). 

Hesse, 1919 a: Swift; {Crathaerina (sic) (Oxypterum) pallida Oliv.). 

— , 1920: Cypselus apus L.; {Crathaerina (sic) (Oxypterum) pallida 
Oliv.). 

— , 1929: Mauersegler; {Crathaerina (sic) pallida (Oliv.). 
Johnsen, 1948: Apus apus (L.). 

Jussel, 1905: Cypselus apus Illiger, Hausschwalbe ; {Oxypterum palli- 
dum Leach). 

Kemper, 1951: Micropus apus L., Haussperling; {Crataerina pallida 
Latr. ) . 

Kluz, 1950: Micropus apus apus (L.) ; {Crataerina pallida Latr.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Mauersegler; {Crataerhina (sic) pallida Oliers,) . 

Lindner, 1940: Micropus apus L.; {Crataerrhina (sic) pallida Latr.). 

Macquart, 1835: Swallows; {Anapera pallida Meig.). 

Megnin, 1888: Swallows; (Anapera pallida). 

Menegaux, 1939: Apus apus (L.), Buteo vulgaris L., swallows. 

Mokhehle, 1951: Micropus apus; {Crataerina pallida Austin (sic)). 

Morley and Atmore, 19 15: Swift; (Oxypterum pallidum). 

Moutier, 1928: Hirondelle; {Crataerhina (sic) pallida Latr.). 

Neuhaus, 1886: Swallows; {Oxypterum pallidum Leach). 

Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Swallow; {Crataerhina (sic) pallida (Latr.)). 

Reiber, 1881 — 1882: Cypselus murarius; (Anapera pallida). 



Reichert, 1939: Swifts; {Crataerrhina (sic) pallida). 

Schneider-Orelli, 1937: Micro pus melba L.. Micro pus apus L.; (Cra- 

taerina pallida Latr.). 
Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Gierzwaluw; {Crataerina pallida Latr.). 
Seguy, 1932 a: Apus apus (L.), swallows; {Crataerhina (sic) pallida 

Latr.). 

— , ig'^^ a.: Hirundo urbica; {Crataerhina (sic) pallida (Latr.)). 

— . 1936: Cypselus apus (L.), swallows. 

Speiser, 1905: Mauersegler; {Crataerhina (sic) pallida Oliv.). Swifts; 
{Crataerhina (sic) var. kirbyana Leach). 

— , 1909: Swifts; {Crataerhina (sic) pallida 0\.) . 
Stendall, 1940: Apus apus apus (L.) ; {Crataerina pallida Latr.). 
Thompson, 1938 b: Micropus a. apus (L.). 

— • 1953- Swifts, swallows; (Crataerina pallida). Swifts; {Oxypterum 
pallidum Leach) 

— • , 1953 a: Swift. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Wiilker, 1926: Birds' nests; {Crataerhina (sic) pallida). 
Zacwilichowski, 1934: Cypselus apus L.; {Oxypterum pallidum Leach). 

Crataerina propinqua Austen 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Apus sp.; (Crataerina propinqua). 

Crataerina seguyi Falcoz 
Anduze, Pifano, and Vogelsang, 1 947 : Swallow. 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Swallows, Alopochelidon sp.. Notiochelidon sp. 

— , 1954: Swallow. 

Hippobosca equina Linnaeus 
Falcoz, 1926: Strix noctua Boie., Milvus regalis Briss. 

Hippobosca variegata Megerle von Miihlfeld 

Fletcher, 1920: Mynali sp.; (Hippobosca maculata). 

Lipoptena cervi (Linnaeus) 
Walker, 1853: Birds' nests; {Ornithobia pallida Meigen). 

Lynchia sp. 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Accipiter sp., Buteo sp., Circaetus sp., 
Ceratogymna sp. 

Lynchia albipennis (Say) 

Bequaert, 1953a: Botaurus stellaris. 
Brauer, 1883: Bittern; {Olfersia ardeae Mcq.). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Purple heron; {Ornithoponus ar- 
deae Macq.). 



192 

Falcoz, 1926: Botaurus stellaris L., Ardea cinerea L., A. purpurea L.; 
(Ornithoponus ardeae Macquart). 

Macquart, 1835: Heron; {Olfersia ardeae Macquart). 

Seguy, 1932a: Ardea cinerea L., A. purpurea L.; {Lynchia (Ornitho- 
ponus) ardeae (Macq.)). 
— , 1936: Botaurus stellaris L., Ardea cinerea L., A. purpurea L.; 
[Lynchia ardeae (Macquart)). 

Lynchia americana (Leach) 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Accipiter sp., Buteo sp., Circus sp., Haliaeetus (sic) 
sp., Falco sp., Aquila sp., Asia sp., Bubo sp., Otus sp., Strix sp., Tyfo 
sp., Bonasa sp., Pedioecetes sp., Colinus sp., Meleagris gallopavo 
silvestris. 

Lynchia angustifrons van der Wulp 
Bequaert, 1953b: Accipiter sp., Buteo sp., Busarellus sp., Elanus sp., 
Odontriorchis sp., Leucopternis sp., Micrastur sp., Fa/co sp., Afz7- 
ya^o sp., Hypomorphnus sp., Ictinia sp. 

Lynchia dukei (Austen) 

Bequaert, 1953 b: Haliaeetus (sic) sp., Gypohierax sp., Gymnogenys sp., 
Hieraaetus sp., Milvus sp., Buteo sp., Aquila sp.; (Lynchia dukei). 

Lynchia fusca (Macquart) 
Bequaert, 1953b: ^^zo sp., Aegolius sp., 5m&o sp., Ciccaba sp., Glauci- 
dium sp., Ofu5 sp., Rhinoptynx sp., Pulsatrix sp., Speotyto sp., 
Ty^o sp., fiwfto virginianus, Otus asio; (Lynchia fusca). 

Lynchia hirsuta Ferris 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lophortyx sp., Dendragapus sp., Centrocercus sp. 

Lynchia holoptera (Lutz, Neiva, and da Costa Lima) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Rallus sp., Coturnicops sp., Aramides sp.; (Lynchia 
holoptera). 

Lynchia maquilingensis (Ferris) 

Bequaert, 1953 b: Haematortyx sp., Gallus gallus bankiva, Gallus gal- 
lus gallus; (Lyiichia (Ornithopila) maquilingensis) . 

Lynchia massonnati Falcoz 
Falcoz, 1926: Platalea leucorodia L.; [Ornithoponus massonnati Falcoz). 

Lynchia nigra (Perty) 

Bequaert, 1953b: Accipiter sp., Aquila sp., Buteo sp., Buteogallus sp.. 
Circus sp., Falco sp., Geranospiza sp., Herpetotheres sp., Hetero- 
spizias sp., Leucopternis sp., Milvago sp., Polyborus sp.; [Lynchia 
nigra Perty). 



193 

Lynchia palustris (Lutz, Neiva, and da Costa Lima) 
Seguy, 1936: Platalea leucorodia L. 

Lynchia pilosa (Macquart) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Neotis sp., Choriotis sp., Afrotis sp., Eupodotis sp.. 
Lissotis sp., bustard; (Lynchia pilosa). 

Lynchia poUicipes Ferris 

Bequaert, 1953 b: Prioniturus sp., Kakatoe sp., Lorius sp. 

Lynchia schoutedeni J. Bequaert 

Bequaert, 1953b: Phalacrocorax sp., Halietor sp., Anhinga anhinga 
rufa. 

Lynchia tuberculata Ferris 

Bequaert, 1953b: Coruus sp. 

Lynchia wolcotti (Swenk) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Accipiter sp., Buteo sp., Urubitornis sp.; (Lynchia 
wolcotti). 

Microlynchia crypturelli J. Bequaert 
Bequaert, 1953b: Crypturellus sp. 

Microlynchia pusilla (Speiser) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Leptotila sp., Oreopeleia sp., Zenaidura sp., Nesopelia 

sp., Columbigallina sp., Scardafella sp., Geococcyx californicus, 

Crypturellus sp. 
Ferris, 1930: Pigeon. 
Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1952: Pigeon. 

Myiophthiria sp. 

Austen, 1926: Collocalia unicolor unicolor ]&vdon\ {Myophthiria 

(sic) sp.). 
Bequaert, 1954: Swift. 
Speiser, 1908: Aeronautes melanoleucus; {Brachypteromyia sp.). Salan- 

ganen. 
Thompson, 1938: Collocalia uiiicolor unicolor Jerdon. 

Myiophthiria fimbriata (Waterhouse) 
Austen, 1926: Aeronautes melanoleucus Baird; {Brachypteromyia fim- 
briata Waterhouse). 
Bequaert, 1953b: Aeronautes sp., Nephoecetes sp.; (Myiophthiria (Bra- 
chypteromyia) fimbriata). 



194 

Myiophthiria lygaeoides Rondani 
Bequaert, 1953b: Collocalia hrevirostris unicolor. 

Myiophthiria neotropica (J. Bequaert) 
Bequaert, 1953b: ^<?Vonaui^5 sp.; (Myiophthiria (Brachypteromyia) neo- 
tropica) . 

Myiophthiria reduvioides Rondani 
Bequaert, 1953b: Collocalia troglodytes, C. spodiopygia, C. vanikorensis. 
Lever, 1941 : Colocalia (sic) fuciphaga spodiopyga (sic) Peele; (Myoph- 
thisia (sic) reduvoides (sic) Rond.). 

— , 1942: Collocalia spodiopyga (sic); {Myophthiria (sic) reduvoides 
(sic) Rondani). 

Olfersia aenescens Thomson 
Bequaert, 1953b: Phaethon rubricauda Boddaert, Phaethon sp., Sula 
spp., Diomedea irrorata. 

Olfersia bisulcata Macquart 

Bequaert, 1953b: Vultur sp., Sarcoramphus sp., Coragyps sp., 
Cathartes sp. 

Olfersia coriacea Macquart 
Bequaert, 1953b: Crax sp., Penelope sp., Ortalis sp., Agriocharis ocel- 
lata. 

Olfersia fossulata Macquart 
Bequaert, 1933: Phalacrocorax hougainvillei (sic) (Lesson), Larus bel- 
cheri Vigors, Sula variegata (Tschudi), Pelecanus thagus Molina. 
— • ? I '^^'^h: Phalacrocorax ?,^., Sula ?,^., Pelecanus sp. 

Olfersia fumipennis (Sahlberg) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Pandion haliaetus. 

— , 1954: Pandion sp. 

Olfersia sordida Bigot 
Bequaert, 1953b: Phalacrocorax sp., Pelecanus sp. 

Olfersia spinifera (Leach) 
Bequaert, 1953a: Fregata magnificens. 

— , 1953b: Fregata aquila, F. magnificens, F. minor. 
Brauer, 1883: Tachypetis minor; {Olfersia courtilleri Fairm.). 

Falcoz, 1926: Atagen aquila L., Anous stolidus L., Catharistes urubu L., 
Sula fiber L., Diomedea irrorata F., king vulture, fregate; (Olfersia 
spinifera Leach). 

Jones, 1909: Frigate-birds; {Pseudolfersia spinifera Leach). 



195 

Seguy, 1936: Atagen aquila L., Anous stolidus L., Catharistes uruhu L., 
Sula fiber L., Diomedea irrorata F., Fregata aquila; [Lyncliia spi- 
nifera (Leach) ). 

Ornitheza sp. 

Braga. 1941: Gaios. 

Ornitheza metallica (Schiner) 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lamprocolius sp., Ojiychognathus sp., Stilbopsar sp., 
Garrulus sp., Pyrrhocorax sp., Corvus sp., Turdus sp., Melocichla 
sp., Oenanthe sp., Muscicapa sp., Myiagra sp., Montifringilla sp. 
Carduelis sp., Emberiza sp.. Halcyon sp., Malaconotus sp., Loricu- 
lus sp., Micropsitta sp., T);io sp. 

Falcoz, 1926: Garrulus glandarius L., Ardea cinerea L. 

Menegaux, 1939: Garrulus glandarius (L.). 

Olivier, 1905: Birds' nests; [Ornithomyia metallica Schin.). 

Seguy, 1932a: Garrulus glandarius, Ardea cinerea L.; {Ornitheza me- 
tallica Schiner) . 
— • , 1936: Garrulus glandarius (L.), Ardea cinerea L. 

Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach) 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Accipiter sp., Buteo sp., Elanoides sp., Leucopternis 
sp., Haliaeetus (sic) sp., Falco sp., Oroaetus sp., Herpetotheres sp., 
Micrastur sp., Urubitornis sp., Ictinia sp., Spizaetus sp., Daptrius 
sp., Buteogallus sp., Polyborus sp., Columba sp., Leptotila sp., Or^- 
opeleia sp., Claravis sp., Geotrygon sp., Zenaida sp., Zenaidura sp., 
Columbigallina sp., Pionus sp., Amazona sp., Aratinga sp., Corvus 
sp., Cyanolyca sp. 
— , 1954: Zenaida a. aurita, Columba leucocephala. 

Ornithoctona fusciventris (Wiedemann) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Calospiza sp., Dubusia sp., Piranga sp., Poccilothrau- 
pis sp., Tachyphorus (sic) sp., Cinnycerthis sp., Platycichla sp., 
Turdus sp., Seiurus sp., Mniotilta sp., Dendroica sp., Hedymeles 
sp., Atlatepetes sp., Pselliophorus sp., Zonotrichia sp., Grallaria sp., 
Thamnophilus sp., Colotiia sp., Empidonax sp., Muscisaxicola sp., 
Synallaxis sp., Lepidocolaptcs sp., Wilsonia sp., Setophaga sp.,, 
Xanthoura sp. 

Ornithoctona laticornis (Macquart) 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Myrmecocichla sp., Pratincola sp., Turdus sp., 5aizV 
sp., Cossypha sp., Tchitrea sp., Dioptrornis sp., Bessorornis sp., 
Sylvietta sp., Seicercus sp., Dryoscopus sp., Lanius sp., Antichro- 
mus sp., Chlorophoneus sp., Tchagra sp., Serinus sp., Poliospiza sp., 
Spinus sp., Lagonosticta sp., Ploceus sp., Coliuspasser sp., Euplec- 
tes sp., Coccopygia sp., Cinnamopterus sp., Cinnyricinclus sp., Cr^a- 
tophora sp.; (Ornithoctona laticornis (= platycera)). 



196 

Ornithoctona nitens (Bigot) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Trogon spp., Pharomachrus spp.; (Ornithoctona (Or- 
nithopertha) nitens). 

Ornithoctona plicata (von Olfers) 
Bequaert, 1952: Gallinaceous birds, pigeons. 
— , 1953b: Falco sp., Accipiter sp.. Circus sp., Haliastur sp., Aviceda 
sp., Hecinopernis sp., Ptilinopus sp., Leucotreron sp., Ducula sp.. 
Phapitreron sp., Chalcophaps sp., Macropygia sp., Treroji sp.. 
Streptopelia sp., Reinwardtoena sp., Gallicolumba sp., Didunculus 
sp., Coracopsis sp.; Tanygnathus sp., Halcyon sp., Cossypha sp., Co/- 
^-^5 sp. 

Ornithoica sp. 

Lameere, 1946a: Birds' nests; {Ornithoecia sp.). 

Ornithoica confluenta (Say) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Casmerodius sp., Bubulcus sp., Leucophoyx sp., /.vo- 
brychus sp., Butorides sp.; (Ornithoica confluenta (=0. becca- 
riina)). 

Ornithoica philippinensis Ferris 
Bequaert, 1953b: C^yx sp. 

Ornithoica pusilla (Schiner) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Myiagra sp., Piezorhynchus sp., Aplonis sp.. Halcyon 
sp., Ceyx sp., Dacelo sp., Todiramphus sp., Accipiter sp., Aviceda 
sp., Buteo sp., Ninox sp., Pseudoptynx sp., Tyfo sp., ^.^io sp., Ca- 
loenas sp., Leucotreron sp., Gallicolumba sp., Ptilinopus sp., Ducula 
sp., Loriculus sp., Kitta sp. 

Ornithoica stipituri (Schiner) 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Halcyon sp. 
McKeown, 1 942 : Emu-wren ; {Ornithomyia stipituri Sch.) . 

Ornithoica turdi (Latreille) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Monticola sp., Muscicapa sp., Dioptrornis sp., Alethe 
sp., Alseonax sp., Cossypha sp., 5aiw sp., Tchagra sp., Dryoscopus 
sp., Laniarius sp., Malaconotus sp., Lanius sp., Lamprotornis sp., 
Stilbopsar sp., Kaupifalco sp., Elanus sp., Gypohierax sp., Lophae- 
tus sp., Falco sp., Accipiter sp., Buteo sp., Machaerharnphus sp., 
Tauraco sp., Musophaga sp., Ruwenzornis sp., Crinifer sp., C^n- 
tropus sp., Clamator sp., Tockus sp., ^irix aluco, Otus sp., ^5/0 sp., 
jBu6o sp., Ciccaba sp., Serinus sp., Corvus sp. 



197 

Falcoz, 1926: Muscicapa griseola L., Pctrocincla cyanea L. 
Menegaux, 1939: Muscicapa striata (Pallas), Monticola solitarius L. 
Seguy, 1932a: Muscicapa striata Pallas. 
■ — ■ , ig'^6: Muscicapa striata (FaWas), Petrocincla cyanea (L.). 

Ornithoica unicolor (Walker) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Aceros sp., Penclopides sp., Buceros sp. ; (Ornithoica 
unicolor). 

Ornithoica vicina (Walker) 
Bequaert, 1953a: Sayornis phoebe. 

— • ^953^: Amrriodramus sp., Carpodacus sp., Hedymeles sp.. Junco 
sp., Melospiza sp., Passerculus sp,. Passerella sp., Pipilo sp., Pooe- 
cetes sp., Richmondena sp., Spizella sp., Zoyiotrichia sp., Dendroica 
sp., Dumetella sp., Hylocichla sp., Mniotilta sp., Wilsonia sp., Twr- 
c?U5 sp., Seiurus sp.. Troglodytes sp., Cinclus sp., Cortliylio sp., 
Chamaea sp., Mimus sp., Turdus sp., Aphelocoma sp., Coruus sp., 
Cyanocitta sp., Perisoreus sp., PzVa sp., Cyanocorax sp., Uroleuca 
sp., Agelaius sp., Euphagus sp., Quiscalus sp., Penthestes sp., Baeo- 
loplius sp., Ramphocelus sp., Aegolius sp., A5Zo sp., fiw&o sp., 
Ciccaba sp., Glaucidiurn sp., Oiwi sp., Pseudoscops sp., 6'irLV sp., 
Tyio sp., Melospiza melodia, Turdus migratorius, Spizella pusilla, 
Pipilo erythrophthalmus, Pitangus sp., Pyrocephalus sp., Tyrannus 
sp.. Amazona sp. 

Ornithomyia sp. 

Bequaert, 1953a: Birds" nests. Riparia riparia. 
— • , i953t): Calcarius sp., Loxia sp. 
Latreille, 181 1 : Birds' nests. 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. 
Macquart, 1835: Epervier, pie-grieche, perdrix, merle, etourneau, pie, 

alouette, rouge-gorge, mesange. 
Thompson, 1954: Garden warbler, house sparrow. 
^Vulker. 1925: Birds' nests. 

Ornithomyia ambigua (Lutz, Neiva, and da Costa Lima) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Iridoprocne sp., Notiochelidon sp., Progne sp., ^'feZ- 
gidopteryx sp.; (Ornithomyia (Pseudornithomyia) ambigua). 

Ornithomyia avicularia (Linnaeus) 

Ash. 1952a: Turdus ericetorum; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

— . 1953: Turdus ericetorum Turt.; {Ornithomya (sic) avicularia 
(L.)). 

Bequaert, 1953a: Accipiter nisus, Parus sp., Picus viridis pluvius, 
Sturnus vulgaris, Turdus ericetorum ericetorum, owl, Turdus me- 



ig8 

rula, Athene noctua vidalii, Columba oenas oenas, Buteo huteo 
huteo. 

Bequaert, 1953 b: Parus sp., Oenanthe sp., Phoenicurus sp., Phylloscopus 
sp., Regulus sp., Sylvia sp., Turdus sp., Erithacus sp.. Troglodytes 
sp., Carduelis sp., Fringilla sp., Corvus sp., Garrulus sp., Pfca sp., 
Coloeus sp., Neophema sp., Glossopsitta sp., Trichoglossus sp., 
Platycercus sp., Calyptorhynchus sp., yl^z'o sp., Athene sp., »S'^n;c 
sp., Tyio sp., ^^io oiwi, Ofuj sp., Ninox sp., Elachura sp., Cinclo- 
soma sp., Lanius sp., Kitta sp. 

Bezzi, 1916: Birds' nests; (Ornithomyia avicularia) . 

Blair, 1949: Picus viridis pluvius Hart.; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

Brauer, 1883: Birds' nests; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

Castellarnau, de, 1950: Birds' nests, raptors; {Ornithomyia 
avicularia L.). 

Collart, 1947a: Columba oenas L., owl; {Oryiithomyia avicularia L.). 

DeGeer, 1782: Mehlschwalbe, Sperling, Rothschwanze; {Hippobosca avi- 
cularia L.). 

Dorn, 191 3: Sparrow hawk, owl, Corvus corone L., .^.j^wr palumbarius 
L., Circus macrurus Gm., .^^fo ofu5 L.; {Ornithomyia 
avicularia L.) . 

Drensky, 1926: Birds' nests; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Kestrel, sparrow hawk, long-eared 
owl, barn owl, little owl, red-backed shrike, starling, wood pigeon, 
pheasant, partridge, blackbird, chaffinch; {Ornithomyia 
avicularia L.). 

Falcoz, 1922: Swallow; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

— , 1926: Buteo vulgaris L., Milvus regalis Briss., Stri.x bubo L., S. 
otus, Astur palumbarius L., Turdus merula L., Passer domesticus 
Briss., Oriolus galbula L., Hirundo riparia L., Pica caudata L., 
Lanius collurio L., Corvus corax L., Garrulus glandarius L., Cu- 
culus canorus L., Ardea nycticorax L., ^. stellaris L., Columba pa- 
lumbus L., C. /z'ym Briss., 5'irLY noctua Scop., S. flammea L., Picus 
major, Loxia curvirostra L., Alauda arvensis L., Passer domesticus 
L., Pzca rustica Scop., Payo cristatus L., Anthus arbor eus L.; (Or- 
nithomyia avicularia L.). 

Galli-Valerio, 1907: Hirundo rustica; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

— , 1921 : Hirundo rustica: {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 
Guerin-Meneville, 1827: Birds' nests; (Ornithomyia viridis). 
Hennicke, 1901: Hirundo rustica L., Clivicola riparia (L.) ; {Ornitho- 
myia avicularia L.). 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Turdus merula L.; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

Johnsen, 1948: Buteo buteo buteo (L.). 

Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe (Hausschwalbe) ; {Ornithomyia 

avicularia L.). 
Latreille, 1805: Swallow; {Ornithomyia viridis Latreille). 
Leleup, 1947c: Chouette, pigeon colombin, divers oiseaux; {Ornithomyia 

avicularia L.). 
Lindner, 1940: Birds' nests; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 



Low, 1866: Chelidon urhica Boie., Hirundo urbica L.; {Ornithomyia 
avicularia L.) . 

Lowe, 1954: Ardea cinerea, birds' nests; (Ornithomyia avicularia) . 

Lucas, 1838: Birds' nests; {Ornithomyia viridis Latr.). 

Menegaux, 1939: Buteo buteo L., Miluus miluus L., Bubo bubo L., Otus 
scops L., Turdus merula L., Passer domesticus L., Oriolus oriolus 
L., Riparia riparia L., Pica pica L., Lanius collurio L., Corvus corax 
L., Garrulus glandarius L., Cuculus canorus L., Nycticorax nycti- 
corax L., Botaurus stellaris L., Coluynba palumbus palumbus L., C. 
/z'ym Briss. 

Modeer, 1785: Sparrow, ?redstart, crow, magpie, birds' nests; (Hippo- 
bosca avicularia) . 

Niethammer, 1937: Turdus merula 7nerula L., Riparia riparia riparia 
(L.) ; (Ornithomyia avicularia avicularia) . 

Noller, 1920: Starling; (Ornithomyia avicularia) . 

Nordberg, 1936: Passer domesticus L., Parus atricapillus L., Hirundo 
rustica L., Delichon urbica L.; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

Olivier, 1905: Buse, merle, pigeon, pie, geai, hirondelle, birds' nests; 
{Ornithomyia avicularia Meig.). 

O'Mahony, 1950a: Chelidori urbica irbica (sic) L.; {Ornithomya (sic) 
avicularia L.). 

Parmenter, 1951: ?blackbird, ?thrush, ?owl, ?starling, Pgreen woodpec- 
ker, ?wood pigeon, Pjackdaw, birds' nests; (Ornithomyia avicu- 
laria). 

Russell, 1922: Birds' nests; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

Saunt, 1933: Green woodpecker; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

— , 1934: Green woodpecker; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 
Schrank, 1803: Birds' nests; (Hippobosca avicularia) . 

Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Kraai, spreeuw, merel, kauwtje, houtduif, 
tortelduif, grote bonte specht, ooruil, steenuil, sperwer, smelleken, 
blauwe kiekendief, bruine kiekendief, grauwe kiekendief; {Or- 
nithomyia avicularia L.). 

Seguy, 1932a: Birds' nests; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

— , 1935: Pic-vert, hirondelle. 

— , 1936: Buteo vulgaris L., Milvus regalis Briss., Strix bubo L., S. 
otus, Astur palumbarius L., Turdus merula L., Passer domesticus 
Briss., Oriolus galbula L., Hirundo riparia L., Pica caudata L.. 
Lanius collurio L., Corvus corax L., Garrulus glandarius L., Cu- 
culus canorus L., Ardea nycticorax L., A. stellaris L., Columba pa- 
lumbus L., C. livia Briss., Strix noctua Scop., .S*. flammea L., Picus 
major, Loxia curvirostra L., Alauda arvensis L., Passer dome- 
stica L., Pica rustica Scop., Pavo cristatus L., Anthus arboreus L. 

Stresemann, 1934: Accipiter sp., birds' nests; {Ornithomyia avicu- 
laria L.). 

Thompson, 1937a: Corvidae, Sturnidae, Fringillidae, Turdidae, Cincli- 
dae, Picidae, Cuculidae, Strigidae, Falconidae, Aquilidae, Colum- 
bidae, Charadriidae, Rallidae, Tetraonidae, Phasianidae, Mota- 



cillidae. Paridae. Laniidae. Muscicapidae : (Ornithomyia avicu- 
laria) . 
Thompson, 1938 a: Corvidae, Sturnidae. Fringillidae, Motacillidae, Syl- 
vidae (sic), Turdidae, Cuculidae. Strigidae, Falconidae. Columbidae, 
Tetraonidae. 

— , 1954: Woodpecker. 

Walker, 1853: Birds' nests; {Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Wiilker. 1926: Corvus cor ax, Pica pica, Garrulus glandarius, Oriolus 
oriolus, Loxia curvirostra. Passer dornestica, Alauda arvensis, 
Lanius collurio, Turdus merula, Riparia riparia, Dryobates major, 
Cuculus canorus. Bubo bubo, Asio otus, Athene (Carine) noctua, 
Tyto alba (— Strix flammea), Buteo buteo, Accipiter gentilis (= As- 
tur palumbarius), Milvus milvus (=■ regalis), Ardea cinerea, Nycti- 
corax nycticorax, Botaurus stellaris, Columba livia, C. palumbus, 
Perdix perdix, Pavo cristatus, Corvus corone, Sturnus vulgaris, Cal- 
carius lapponicus, Sylvia communis oder curruca, Turdus philo- 
melos, T. musicus (— iliacus), T. torquatus, Saxicola oenanthe, 
"Rotschwanz", Chelidon rustica, Picus viridis, Falco tinnunculus, 
Accipiter nisus, Tringa hypoleucos, Gallinago gallinago, Lagopus 
scoticus, Lyrurus tetrix, "Fasan"; [Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 

Zacharias. 1928: Swallow; [Ornithomyia avicularia 'L.) . 

Ornithomyia biloba Dufour 

Bequaert, 1953a: Hirundo rustica, Riparia riparia, swallow. 

— " ' 1953b: Hirundo rustica. 
Bequaert and Leclercq, 1947: Chelidon urbica L.. Hirundo rustica L. 
Boyd, 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica. 
Collart, 1934: Swallow; [Ornithomyia fringiUina Curtis). 

— • , 1947a: Hirundo rustica L. 
Cornelius, 1869: Hirundo rustica: [Ornithomyia tenella Rogenhofer). 
Douglas, 1871: Hirundo rustica; (Ornithomyia tenella). 
du Buysson, 1923 a: Hirundo rustica L. : (Ornithomyia fringiUina Curtis). 
Eichler, 1939c: Birds' nests. 

— , 1942: Hirundo rustica L. 
Hase, 1940: Rauchschwalbe. 

Low, 1861 : Hirundo rustica; [Ornithomyia avicularia Latr.). 

— , 1867: Hirundo rustica L., Chelidon urbica Boie. ; [Ornithomyia 
avicularia Latr.). 

Menegaux, 1939: Swallow. 

Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.). Riparia riparia riparia 

(L.), Hirundo rustica rustica L.; (Ornithomyia biloba) 
Perris, 1869: Swallows; (Ornithomyia avicularia). 
Resch, 1874: Swallow; [Ornithomyia avicularia Latr.). 
Sack, 1899: Rauchschwalbe; [Ornithomyia avicularia L.). 
Seguy, 1936: Swallow. 

Sickmann, 1883- — 1884: Hirundo rustica L. ; (Ornithomyia tenella). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; [Ornithomyia fringillarum Curt.). 



Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis 
Austen, 1932: Grouse, birds' nests; {Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp). 
Bequaert, 1953a: Parus caeruleus obscurus, Sylvia borin, Erithacus 
rubecula, Passer domesticus, Lagopus scoticus. 

— , 1953b: Falco columbarius; [Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp). Oe- 
nanthe sp., Phoenicurus sp., Phylloscopus sp., Regulus sp., Sylvia 
sp., Turdus sp., Erithacus sp., Luscinia sp., Hippolais sp., Cinclus 
sp., Acrocephalus sp., Muscicapa sp., Parus sp., Chloris sp., Em- 
beriza sp., Fringilla sp., Corvus sp., Garrulus sp., Pfca sp., Fa/co 
columbarius, Colinus sp., Lagopus sp., Bonasa sp., Tetrao sp., 
Dendragapus sp., Canachites sp., /^inx sp., Dryocopus sp., yl^zo sp., 
fiufto sp., 0^w.y sp., iSfrzx sp., Surnia sp., Glaucidium sp., Co/?- 
sychus sp., Lanius sp. 

— , 1954: Falco coluriibarius aesalon: {Ornithomyia lagopodis ( — Or- 
nithomyia fringillina Curtis) ) . 

Crichton and Campbell, 1949: Sylvia borin (Boddaert). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Red grouse, blackcock, owl, snipe, 
golden plover, peewit, oystercatcher, curlew, wheatear, rock pipit, 
meadow pipit, green plover, rook, starling, blackbird, merlin, Arctic 
skua; {Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp). Robin, swallow, hedge-spar- 
row, birds' nests. 

Falcoz, 1926: Motacilla citreola L., Muscicapa griseola L., Sylvia cinerea 
L., Regulus ignicapillus Briss., Fringilla chloris, Phyllopneustes 
icterina Vieil., Rallus crex L., Totanus hypoleucos L., swallows. 

Johnson, 1929a: Chipping sparrow, song sparrow, savanna sparrow, 
purple finch, junco, towhee, rose-breasted grosbeak, red crossbill, 
bobolink, red-winged blackbird, robin, hermit thrush, catbird, 
brown thrasher, downy woodpecker, Barbour's jay (Perisoreus c. 
canadensis) ; {Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {Pallida Say)). 

Lehnert, 1933: Delichon urbica L., Rauchschwalbe. 

Lindner, 1940: Swallow, birds' nests. 

Menegaux, 1939: Swallow, titmouse, Turdus pilaris L., Asio accipi- 
trinus Pallas; {Ornithomyia chloropus Bergroth). 

Niethammer, 1937: Turdus merula merula L.; (Ornithomyia frin- 
gillina) . 

Noller, 1920: Rauchschwalbe, Mehlschwalbe. 

0"Mahony, 1950: ?Oenanthe oenanthe, ?Anthus pratensis (L.). 

Parmenter, 1951: ?robin, ?hedge-sparrow, ?whitethroat; (Ornithomyia 
fringillina). ?red grouse, ?golden plover, ?curlew, ? Arctic skua, 
birds' nests; (Ornithomyia lagopodis). 

Peters, 1930: Birds' nests; (Ornithomyia avicularia). 

Reichert, 1939: Birds' nests. 

Roder, von, 1890: Swallow; {Ornithomyia fringillina Curt. ( = tenella 
Schin.) ). 

Seguy, 1932a: Swallow, Totanus hypoleucos L., Crex crex (L.), Hy- 
pola'is (sic) icterina (Vieil.), Chloris chloris L., Regulus ignicapil- 



202 

lus (Temm.), Sylvia communis Lath., Muscicapa striata Pallas, 
Motacilla cinerea Tunstall. 

Seguy, 1936: Swallow, mesange, Turdus pilaris L., Asio accipitrinus Pal- 
las; {Ornithomyia chloropus Bergroth). 

Sharp, 1907: Lagopus scoticus, ?Lagopus alhus; {Ornithomyia lago- 
podis Sharp). 

Shipley, 191 1 a: Lagopus scoticus; {Orjiitlwmyia lagopodus (sic)). 

Speiser, 1908: Mehlschwalbe. 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 

Thompson, 1937a: Corvidae, Sturnidae, Fringillidae, Motacillidae, Pa- 
ridae, Laniidae, Muscicapidae, Turdidae, Cinclidae, Picidae, Cucu- 
lidae, Strigidae, Falconidae, Aquilidae, Columbidae, Charadriidae, 
Rallidae, Tetraonidae, Phasianidae; (Ornithomyia fringillina). 
— , 1938a: Corvidae, Sturnidae, Fringillidae, Motacillidae, Sylvidae 
(sic), Turdidae, Cuculidae, Strigidae, Falconidae, Columbidae, 
Tetraonidae. 
■ — , 1954: Birds' nests; {Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {= frin- 
gillina Curt.)). Blackcock, snipe, oystercatcher, rock-pipit, golden 
plover, peewit, curlew, song thrush, owl, red grouse; {Ornithomyia 
lagopodis Sharp). Swallow, robin. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Wiilker, 1926: Chloris chloris, Motacilla boarula, Regulus ignicapillus 
(oder ?R. regulus), Hippolais icterina, Muscicapa striata, Sylvia 
communis, Chelidon rustica, Tringa hypoleucos, Crex crex, Lanius 
excubitor. 

Ornithomyia fur Schiner 
Bequaert, 1953b: Hirundinidae, Hirundo sp., Cecropis sp., Psalido- 

procne sp. 
Seguy, 1938: Hirondelle; {Ornithomyia roubaudi Seguy). 
Thompson, 1947a: Swallow; {Ornithomyia roubaudi ^^guy). 

Ornithomyia inocellata Ferris 
Bequaert, 1953b: Petrochelidon sp.; (Ornithomyia inocellata). 

Ornithomyia perfuga Speiser 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ninox sp., Dacelo novae guineae novaeguineae, Podar- 
gus strigoides. 

Ornithomyia remota Walker 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Porphyriornis comeri, Atlantisia rogersi, Zonotricha 
sp., Diuca sp., Nesospiza sp., Nesocichla sp., Turdus sp., Mimus sp. 

Pseudolynchia sp. 
Baer, 1951: Pigeon; {Lynchia sp.) . 



203 

Pseudolynchia brunnea (Latreille) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Chordeiles sp., Caprimulgus sp., Hydropsalis sp., Nyc- 
tidromus sp., Phalaenoptilus sp. 

Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macquart) 
Adie, 1915: Ambala (Indian pigeon) ; {Lynchia maura Bigot). 
Aragao, 1908: Pigeon; {Lynchia brunea oder lividicolor (Oliv.)). 
Aschner, 1931 : Pigeon; {Lynchia maura Bigot.). 
Barger and Card, 1949: Pigeon; (Pseudolynchia canariensis). 
Barre, 1929: Pigeon; {Lynchia maura Bigot). 
Bedford, 1924: Pigeon; {Lynchia maura Bigot). 
Bequaert, 1926: Pigeon; {Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot)). 

— , 1 94 1 : Domestic pigeon. 

— , 1953^: Pigeon. 

— , 1953 b: Pigeon, Accipiter sp., Milvus sp.. Neophron sp., Polihierax 
sp., Gymnogenys sp., Buteo sp., Spizaetus sp., Kaupifalco sp., Lo- 
phaetus sp., Aquila sp., Falco sp., Melierax sp., Columba sp., Treron 
sp., Streptopelia sp., Turtur sp., Cinclus sp. 

Biester and DeVries, 1943: Domestic pigeon; (Pseudolynchia canarien- 
sis) . 
Biester and Schwarte, 1952: Pigeon; (Pseudolynchia canariensis). 
Bishopp, 1929: Domestic pigeon; {Pseudolynchia maura Bigot). 

— , 1929a: Pigeon; (Pseudolynchia maura). 

— , 1929b: Pigeon; (pigeon fly). 

■ — , 1942: Pigeon; (Pseudolynchia canariensis) . 
Coatney, 1931 : Domestic pigeon; {Pseudolynchia maura Bigot), 
de Sequeira, 1944: Pigeon; (Pseudolynchia maura). 

Drake and Jones, 1930: Columba livia; {Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot)). 
Falcoz, 1926: Pigeon; {Lynchia maura Bigot). 
Fletcher and Sen, 1930: Pigeon; {Pseudolynchia maura Bigot). 
Fung, 1930: Pigeon; (pigeon fly). 
Ghesquiere, 1921: Pigeon; (Lynchia maura). 

— , 1921a: Pigeon; {Lyncha (sic) maura). 
Gilbert, 1922: Pigeon; (?pigeon fly). 

Gil Collado, 1947: Paloma; (Pseudolynchia maura). 
Gonder, 19 15: Pigeon; (Lynchia olfersia capensis). 

— , 1915a: Pigeon; (Lynchia olfersia capensis). 
Greene, 1949: Pigeon; (Pseudolynchia Canariensis). 

Herms, 1950: Domestic pigeon; {Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) = 
Lynchia maura (Bigot) = Olfersia maura Bigot = Lynchia lividi- 
color Bigot). 

Hindle, 1914: Pigeon; {Lynchia maura (Bigot)). 

Huff, 1932: Pigeon; (Pseudolyyichia maura). 

Lagos and Canevari, 1936: Pigeon; {Pseudolynchia maura Bigot). 

Levi, 1930: Pigeon; (pigeon fly). 

— , 1930a: Pigeon; (pigeon fly). 



204 

Levi, 1941: Pigeon; (Pscudolynchia canariensis). 
Loria, 1944: Pigeon; {Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot)). 
Martini, 1923: Taubenschlage ; (Lynchia maura). 
Massonat, 1909: Domestic pigeon; {Lynchia maura Big.). 
Monnig, 1938: Columha livia domestica: {Pseudolynchia maura 

(Bigot)). 
Neumann, 1941: Pigeon; {Lynchia maura (Bigot)). 
Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Pigeon; [Lyyichia maura (Bigot)). 
O'Roke, 1932: Pigeon; (Lynchia maura). 
Prouty and Coatney, 1934: Domestic pigeon; {Pseudolynchia maura 

Bigot). 
Reis. Nobrega, and Reis, 1936: Pombos; {Pseudolynchia maura Bigot). 
Roberts, 1945: Carrier pigeon ; {Pseudolynchia canariensis Macq. (=P. 

maura Big.) ). 
Roy, 1946: Birds' nests; (Pseudolynchia maura). 
Seddon, 1951: Pigeon. 
Seguy, 1932: Colombier; {Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot)). 

— , 1932a: Pigeon ramier: {Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot)). 

- — , 1936: Pigeon, pigeon ramier; {Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot)). 
Sergent, 1909: "Pigeon d'Algerie'"; {Lynchia maura Bigot). 
Sergent and Sergent, 1907: Algerian pigeon; {Lynchia maura Bigot). 
Surcouf and Gonzalez-Rincones, 1912: Pigeon; {Lynchia maura Bigot). 
Traversi, 1949: Pigeon. 

Pseudolynchia rufipes (Macquart) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Athene sp.. Bubo sp., Ciccaba sp., Tyto sp., Caprimul- 
gus sp., Scotornis sp., Macrodipteryx sp., Semeiophorus sp., Corvus 
sp. 

Stenepteryx sp. 

Bequaert, 1942 a: Swallow. 

— . 1953a: Birds' nests. 

— , 1954: Swallow. 

Eichler, 1940: Hirundo rustica: {Stenopteryx (sic) sp.). 
Gahan, 1927: House martin; {Stenopteryx (sic) sp.). 
Green, 1925: Cypselus af finis; {Stenopteryx (sic) sp.). 
Hennicke, igoi: Hirundo rustica L.; {Stenopteryx (sic) sp.). 
Russell, 1922: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) sp.). 
Speiser, 1908: Chelidonaria sp., Segler; {Stenopteryx (sic) sp.). 
Stein, 1843: Hirundo urbica L.; {Stenopteryx (sic) sp.). 
Stresemann, 1934: Schwalbe, Segler; {Stenopteryx (sic) sp.). 
Thompson, 1954: Birds' nests. 

Stenepteryx hirundinis (Linnaeus) 
Allan, 1950: Delichon urbica; (Stenepteryx hirundinis). 
Austen, 1901: House-martin: {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis hinn.) . 
— ■ , I gog : Chelidon urbica h.: {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis h.) . 



205 

Austen 1926: House-martin; {Stenepteryx hirundinis L.). 

— , 1932: House-martin; {Stenepteryx hirundinis lu.) . 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Chelidon urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 
Bau, 1929: Chelidon urbica (L.) ; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis 1^.) . 
Bedford, 1932: Chelidonaria urbica L.; {Stenepteryx hirundinis Leach). 
Bequaert, 1953a: Swallow, house-martin, Delichon urbica dasypus, Hi- 
rundo rustica, sparrow. 

— , 1953b: Delichon urbica. 

Bequaert and Leclercq, 1947: Chelidon urbica, Hirundo rustica; (Ste- 
nepteryx hirundinis). 

Brauer, 1883: Chelidon urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis 1^.) . 

Bree, 1832: Martin; {Hippobosca hirundinis Y,.) . 

Carr, 1916: House-martin; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L..) . 

Castellarnau. de, 1950: Swallow, swift (?Hirundo apus) : {Ornithotnyia 
hirundinis Leach) . 

Cornelius, 1869: Hirundo urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 

Curtis, 1826: House-swallow; {Craterina (sic) hirundinis (L.)). 

Dale, 1878: Swallow, martin ; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis, lArm.) . 

Donisthorpe, 1935: Chelidon urbica L.; {Stenepteryx hirundinis Ij.) . 

Douglas, 187 1 : Hirundo urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 

Drensky, 1926: Bird's nest; {Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis Y,.) . 

du Buysson, 1923a: Hirundo urbica Temm.; {Stenopterix (sic) hirundi- 
nis L.). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Martin, swallow, swift; {Stenepte- 
ryx hirundinis L.). 

Eichler, 1939b: Martula urbica L.; {Stenepteryx hirundinis L.). 

— , 1939c: Hirundo rustica, Martula urbica; {Stenepteryx hirundi- 
nis L.). 

— ■ , 1940: Martula urbica dasypus Bp.; {Stenepteryx hirundinis nippo- 
nica Kishida) . 

— • , 1942: Martula urbica urbica L.; {Stenepteryx hirundinis hirundi- 
nis L.). 

— , 1950: Mehlschwalbe; (Stenepteryx hirundinis ) . 

Evans, 192 1: House-martin; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.). 
Falcoz, 1926: Hirundo rustica L., Hirundo urbica, Cypselus apus L.; 

{Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L,.) . 
Frauenfeld, von, 1861: Hirundo sp.; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 
Guerin-Meneville, 1827: Swallow; (Ornithomyia Hirundinis). 
Hamm, 1939: House-martin; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis h.) . 
Hardenberg, 1927: Huiszwaluw; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis h.) . 

— , 1929: Hausschwalbe; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 
Hase, 1938: Hirundo urbicah.; {Sternopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 

— ■ , 1940: Mehlschwalbe; {Stenepteryx hirundinis 'L.) . 
Hennicke, 1901: Apus apus (L.) ; (Hippobosca hirundinis). Chelidonaria 

urbica L., Clivicola riparia (L.) ; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.). 
Herman, 1944: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis Leach). Birds' 

nests; {Stenopteryx (sic) nzpjbonzVa Kishida) . 



2o6 

Huzimatu, 1938: House-martin; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis) . Deli- 
chon urbica dasypus; {Stenopteryx (sic) nipponica Kishiddt.) . 

Janner, 1937: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis 'L.) . 

Johnsen, 1948: Delichon urbica (L.). 

Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe (Stadtschwalbe) ; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirun- 
dinis L.). 

Kirby and Spence, 1822: Swallow; {Ornithomyia hirundinis Latr.). 

Lapage, 1951: Swallow; {Lipopterna hirudinis (sic)). 

Latreille, 181 1: Swallow; (Ornithomyia Hirundinis) . 

Le Gendre, 1923: Hiruiido urbica Temm.; {Stenopterix (sic) hiru7idi- 
nis L.). 

Lindner, 1940: Swallow, birds' nests; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis Y,.) . 

Low, 1866: Chelidon urbica Boie., Cypselus apus 111.; {Stenopteryx (sic) 
hirundinis Lin.). 

Lucas, 1838: Swallow; (Ornithomyia hirundinis). 

Macquart, 1835: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis lu^dich.) . 

Megnin, 1880: Hirondelles de fenetre; {Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis 
Leach). 

— , 1888: Swallow; {Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis) . 
Mellor, 1919: House-martin; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 
Menegaux, 1939: Hirundo rustica h., Delichon urbica h.,Apus apus (L.). 
Meunier, 1898: Birds' nests; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis h.) . 
Modeer, 1785: Barn swallow, house swallow; (Hippobosca hirundinis). 

Swallow; (Stenepteryx hirundinis). 

Morley, 1948: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis lu.) . 

Neuhaus, 1886: Swallow; {Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis hinn.) . 

Niethammer, 1937: Delichoji urbica urbica (L.); (Stenepteryx hirundi- 
nis). 

Olivier, 1792: Swallow; (Hippobosca Hirundinis). 

Olivier, 1905: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundiriis hesich) . 

O'Mahony, 1944: Chelidon urbica urbica L. 

— , 1950a: Chelidon urbica urbica L.; {Stenepteryx hirundinis L.). 
Otten, iQ/[i: Delichon urbica h.; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.) . 
Penecke, 1898: Hirundo urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis) . 
Perris, 1869: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 

Pycraft, 1934: House-martin, swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 
Reichert, 1939: Hirundo rustica, Uferschwalbe ; {Stenopteryx (sic) 

hirundinis) . 
Resch, 1874: Swallow; {Stejiopteryx (sic) hirundinis hea-ch) . 
Riedel, 1895: Swallow; {Hippobosca hirundinis L.). 
Robinson, 1916: Hirundo urbica urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 
Rondani, 1879: Hirundo rustica, Hirundo urbica, Cypselus sp.; {Chelido- 

myia hirundinis Linn.). 
Rossi, de, i860: Hirundo urbica L.; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis) . 
Samuelle, 181 9: House swallow; {Craterina (sic) hirundinis OUers) . 
Schiner, 1864: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 
Schrank, 1803: Swallow; (Hippobosca hirundinis). 



207 

Schummel, 1858: Swallow; (Hippohosca hirundinis). 

Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Boerenzwaluw ; [Stenepteryx hirundi- 
nis L.). 

Seguy, 1932 a: Chelidon rustica L., Hirundo urhica L., Apus apus (L.) ; 
{Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis (Linn.)). 

— , 1935a: Hirundo urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis (Linn.)). 
■ — • , 1936: Chelidon rustica L., Hirundo urbica L., Apus apus (L.). 

— , 195 1 : Swallow; {Stenepteryx hirundinis "L.) . 

Shaw, 1806: Swallow, swift, martin; (Hippobosca hirundinis). 
Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo urbica L.; {Stenopterix (sic) hirundi- 
nis 'L., Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 
Speiser, 1905: Hausschwalbe ; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis Y..) . 

— , 1909: Chelidonaria sp.; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.). 
Stein, 1849: Hirundo urbica: {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis) . 
Strobl, 1910: Schwalbe; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L..) . 
Thalhammer, 1900: Hirundinis urbicae: {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis 

Lin.). 
Thompson, 1935a: Chelidon u. urbica L. 

— , 1938b: Delichon u. urbica (L.). 

— . 1947b: Delichon u. urbica (L.). 

— , 1953: House swallow, martin, house-martin, Chelidon urbica, 
sparrow; {Stenepteryx hirundinis Leach). House-martin, sand-mar- 
tin, swallow, swift; {Hippoboscae hirundinis). Swallow; {Hippo- 
bosca hirundinus (sic) Berkenhout). Martin, swallow; (Hippobosca 
hirundinis). Sand-martin; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis) . Delichon 
urbica dasypus; {Stenepteryx nipponica (Kishida) ). Martin, swallow, 
house-sparrow, house-martin. 

Walker, 1853: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis 1^.) . 
Waterston, 1909: Chelidon urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinus (sic) 
Leach). 

— , 1910: Chelidon urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinus (sic) 
Leach) . 

— , 1910a: Chelidon urbica; {Stenopteryx (sic) /ifrunc^mw Leach). 
Weijenbergh, 1874: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis 1^.) . 
White, 1902: Swallow, swift, bank-martin; (Hippoboscae hirundinis). 
Wood, 1872: Swallow; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.) ; {Stenepteryx 

hirundinis L.). 
Wiilker, 1926: Birds' nests; {Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis). 

Stilbometopa fulvifrons (Walker) 
Bequaert, 1953 b: Columbidae; (Stilbometopa fulvifrons). 

Stilbometopa impressa (Bigot) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Lophortyx sp., Oreortyx sp. 



2o8 

Stilbometopa podopostyla Speiser 
Bequaert, 1953b: Zenaida sp., Scardafella sp., Zenaidura sp., Tinamus 

sp., Crypturellus sp. 
Howell and Stiles, 1941 : ?dove. 
Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1952: Taube. 

Uncertain Position 

Bequaert, 1953b: Several genera of Hirundinidae, Riparia spp., Petro- 

chelidon spp.; (Ornithomyia comosa). 
McKeown, 1942: Kookaburra, hawk; {Ornithomyia australasiae Leach). 
Rondani, 1879: Birds' nests; [Ornithophila vagans Rondani). 
Speiser, 1903: Wild SiciUan pigeon; {Lyncliia falcinelli Rnd.). 
Stefani Perez, de, 1900: Colombi; {Olfersia falcinelli Rd.). 

Family LAUXANIIDAE 
Halidayella flaviceps (Loew) 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, wood thrush, redstart, song sparrow, gold- 
finch, catbird, red-eyed vireo, chipping sparrow; (Calliope flavi- 
ceps). 

Johnson, 1925 a: Bird's nest; {Caliope (sic) flaviceps (Loew)). 

McAtee, 1927 a: Dumetella carolinensis, Planesticus migratorius, 
{?)Astragalinus tristis, {?)Richmondena cardinalis, {?)Mimus poly- 
glottos; {Caliope (sic) flaviceps hoew) . 

Lycia decempunctata (Fallen) 
Edwards, 1925a: Thrush, blackbird, ?finch; (Sapromyza decempunc- 
tata). 

Lycia decipiens (Loew) 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Sapromyza 
sordida). 

Minettia longipennis (Fabricius) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Minettia lon- 
gipennis). 

Minettia ordinaria Melander 
Judd, 1954: Dumetella carolinensis. 
McAtee, 1927 a: Dumetella carolinensis, Planesticus migratorius, 

{?) Richmondena cardinalis, {?)Mimus polyglottos. 
Seguy, 1946: Dumetella carolinensis. 

Uncertain Position 

Collin, 1933: Robin; {Lau.xania (Halidayella) simillima Collin). 



209 

Family LEPTOCERIDAE 
Leptocera claviventris (Strobl) 
Pugh, 1938: Starling; {Limosina claviventris Strobl). 

Leptocera ferrugata Stenhammer 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 

Leptocera limosa (Meigen) 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Leptocera limosa Meigen). 

Family LONCHAEIDAE 

Lonchaea sp. 

McAtee, 1927a : Dumetella carolinensis, Richrnondena cardinalis. 
Seguy, 1950: Dumetella sp., Richmondena cardinalis. 

Family LONCHOPTERIDAE 
Lonchoptera sp. 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 

Family MILICHIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Hennig, 1952: Birds' nests. 

Leptometopa broersei de Meijere 

de Meijere, 1944: ?Sturnus. 

Leptometopa latipes (Meigen) 

de Meijere, 1944: ?Sturnus; {Leptoynetopa latipes Mg. ). 

Hennig, 1937: Corvus comix L., Regulus regulus L., Parus ater L., 
Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Columba oenas, Pyrrhula pyrrhula 
L., Passer domesticus L., Parus atricapillus L., Aegolius funereus 
L.; {Leptometopa latipes Meigen). 

Johnson, 1927: Bluebird; {Desmometopia (sic) latipes Meig.). 

Lindner, 1940: Birds" nests; {Leptometopa latipes Meig.). 

McAtee, 1927: Myiarchus crinitus; {Desmometopa latipes Meigen). 
— ■ , 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Hypaspistomyia latipes Meigen). 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Regulus regu- 
lus L., Passer domesticus L., Parus ater L., P. atricapillus L., Phoe- 
nicurus phoenicurus L., Aegolius funereus L., Columba oenas L.; 
{Hypaspistomyia latipes Mg.). 

Ryckman, 1953: Tyto alba pratincola (Bonaparte). 

Seguy, 1946: Myiarchus crinitus; {Desmometopa latipes Meigen). 



2IO 

Milichiella sp. 

Van Tyne, 1929: Ramphastos brevicarinatus. 

Family MUSGIDAE 
Undetermined 

Blair, 1949: Picus viridis pluvius Hart.; (Anthomyiidae). 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Bird's nest. 

Fletcher, 1920: Siroli from Bihar. 

Gilbert, 1919: Menura supcrba, Meliornis sericea, Glyciphila (sic) fulvi- 

frons, Meliornis yiovae-hollandiae . 
Henriksen, 1928 — 1937a: Starling. 
Kemper, 1938: Delichon urbica L., Haustaube, Passer domesticus L. 

— - , 1951 : Micro pus apus L., Sperling, birds' nests. 
Kidd, 1953: Old nest, probably that of blackbird; (pupae of small 

muscid). 
Kiinkel, 1907: Hirundo urbica: ( Stubenf liege ) . 
Lohrl, 1949: Kohlmeise; (Schmeissfliegen). 
Low, 1867: Hirundo rustica L., Chelidon urbica Boie. 
Parmenter, 1951: Birds' nests. 

Paulian, 1950: Foudia sakalava minor, Spermestes nana. 
Pugh, 1936: Thrush, bird's nest; (anthomyid). 
Rodhain, 19 14: Passer griseus; (Muscinae). 
Saunt, 1934: Birds' nests; (Anthomyidae). 
Seguy, 1935a: Hirundo urbica; (Anthomyiinae). 
Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L. 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; (muscid, anthomyiid). 

Anthomyia sp. 

Seguy, 1935a: Hirundo urbica. 
— , 1946: Starling, sparrow, finch, aegitales. 
■ — • , 1950: Starling, sparrow, finch, aegitales. 

Anthomyia imbrida Rondani 
Seguy, 1929a: Birds' nests; (Anthomyia imbrida). 

Anthomyia pluvialis (Linnaeus) 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, bluebird, chipping sparrow; (Anthomyia pluvi- 
alis) . 

Edwards, 1925a: Thrush, blackbird, ?finch; (Anthomyia pluvialis). 

Eichler, i936d: Birds' nests; {Anthomyia pluvialis L.). 

Falcoz, 1923: Rossignol; {Anthomyia pluvialis L.) . 

Fordham, 1945: Birds' nests; {Anthomyia pluvialis L.). 

James, 1947: Birds' nests. 

Keilin, 1924a: Acredula caudata, Fringilla coelebs, birds' nests; {Antho- 
myia pluvialis Linn.). 



McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Anthomyia pluvialis L.). 
Seguy, 1929: Frmgilla caelehs (sic), Sturnus vulgaris, Passer domestica; 
{Anthomyia pluvialis L.). 

— . 1929a: Birds' nests; (Anthomyia pluvialis). 

■ — . 1930: Fringilla sp., Passer sp., Sturnus sp. ; {Anthomyia pluvia- 
lis I..]. 

■ — , 1932a: Fringilla eaelebs (sic), Sturnus vulgaris, Passer domestica, 
bird's nest; {Anthomyia pluvialis L.). 

— . 1937 a: Fringilla coelehs, Sturnus vulgaris, Passer domestica, Aegi- 
fhalus caudatus. 

— , 1946: Fringilla eaelebs (sic) (L.), Sturnus vulgaris L., Passer 
domesticus L., Milvus migrans, Milvus milvus, bird's nest. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.). 

Anthomyia procellaris Rondani 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Anthomyia 
procellaria) . 

Blair, 1931 : Rook. 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. ; {Anthomyia procellaris Rud. 
(sic)).' 

Edwards, 1925a: Thrush, blackbird, ?finch; (Anthomyia procellaris). 

Eichler, I936d: Birds' nests. 

Keilin, 1924a: Parus coeruleus (sic), Acredula caudata, Fringilla coe- 
lehs, birds' nests; {Anthomyia procellaris L.). 

Seguy, 1929: Aegithalus caudatus, Parus caeruleus, Fringilla eaelebs 

(sic). 
— • , 1929a: Birds' nests; (Anthomyia procellaris). 

— , 1930: Aegithalus caudatus, Parus caeruleus, Fringilla eaelebs 
'(sic). 

■ — , 1932a: Aegithalus caudatus, Parus caerulus (sic), Fringilla eae- 
lebs (sic). 

— , 1937a: Fringilla coelebs, Parus coeruleus (sic), Aegithalus cauda- 
tus. 

Fannia sp, 

Keilin, 1924a: Parus coeruleus (sic), Acredula caudata; {Homalomyia 

sp-)- 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Parus major L., Delichon urbica 
L., Passer montanus L., Hirundo rustica L., Haustaube. 

— , 1938 a: Wintergoldhahnchen, Haussperling. Feldsperling. Kohl- 
meise, Mehlschwalbe, Haustaube. 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. Troglodytes aedon. 

Nordberg, 1936: Regulus regulus L. 

Seguy, 1929: Parus caeruleus, Aegithalus caudatus. 

— . 1932a: Parus caeruleus, Aegithalus caudatus. 

— • , 1937a: Parus coeruleus (sic), Aegithalus caudatus, birds' nests. 



Seguy, 1 944 a : Birds' nests. 

— , 1 946 : Nightingale, swallow, titmouse, sparrow. 

— , 1 950 : Nightingale, swallow, titmouse, sparrow. 

Fannia (Fannia) canicularis (Linnaeus) 

British Department of Industrial and Scientific Research (Report), 1952: 
Sparrow, pigeon; (Fannia canicularis). 

Cornelius, 1869: Pigeon; (Homalomyia canicularis). 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, bluebird, house sparrow; (Fannia canicularis). 

Douglas, 187 1 : Pigeon; (Homalomyia canicularis). 

Falcoz, 1923: Rossignol; {Fannia canicularis L.). 

Hennig, 1955: Birds' nests; {Fannia canicularis L.). 

Hewitt, 1912: Pigeon; {Fannia canicularis L.). 

James, 1947: Birds' nests; {Fannia canicularis (L.)). 

Johnson, 1932: Starling, downy woodpecker; (Fannia canicularis). 

Kemper, 1938a: Sperber, Kohlmeise, Dohle, Star, Grosser Buntspecht. 
Haustaube, Hohltaube; {Fannia canicularis L.). 

Lee and Ryckman, 1954: Speotyto cunicularia hypogaea (sic) (Bona- 
parte) ; {Fannia canicularis (L.)). 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Fannia canicularis L.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Accipiter nisus L., Parus major L., Colaeus (sic) mo- 
nedula L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryobates major L., Columha do- 
mestica L., Columba oenas L.; {Fannia canicularis L.). 

Seguy, 1929: Rossignol, Chelidon rustica; {Faniiia canicularis L.). 
• — ■ , 1930: Birds' nests; {Fannia canicularis L.). 
— ■ , 1932a: Rossignol, Chelidon rustica; {Fannia canicularis 1^.) . 
■ — • , 1933: Moineau, Chelidon rustica, rossignol, pigeon; {Fannia cani- 
cularis (L.) ). 
— • , 1937 a: Luscinia luscinia, Chelidon rustica, Passer doriiestica; 
{Fannia canicularis (L.)). 

— , 1946: Swallow, sparrow, titmouse, nightingale; {Fannia canicu- 
laris L.). 

— ■ , 1950: Swallow, sparrow; {Fannia canicularis h.) . 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Fannia canicularis L.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Fannia canicularis L.). 

Taschenberg, 1880: Pigeon; {Anthomyia (Homalomyia) canicularis h.) . 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Columba sp.; {Fayinia cani- 
cularis (L.) ). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.) ; {Fannia cani- 
cularis L.). 

Fannia (Fannia) clara Collin 
Collin, 1939: Little owl; {Fannia clara Collin). 
Hennig, 1955: Steinkauz; {Fannia clara Collin). 

Fannia femoralis (Stein) 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Fannia femoralis Stein). 



213 

Fannia (Fannia) hirundinis Ringdahl 
Ringdahl, 1948: Riparia riparia. 

Fannia (Fannia) incisurata (Zetterstedt) 
Falcoz, 1923: Mesange; {Fannia incisurata Zett.). 
James, 1947: Birds' nests; {Fannia incisurata (Zett.)). 
Seguy, 1929: Mesange; {Fannia incisurata Zett.). 
— • , 1932a: Mesange; {Fannia incisurata Zett.) . 

— , 1 g-^y a.: Parus sp.: {Fannia incisurata (Zett.)). 

Fannia (Fannia) lineata (Stein) 

Hamm, 1939: Birds' nests; {Fannia lineata Stein). 
Menozzi, 193 1 : Sturnus vulgaris: {Fannia lineata (Stein) ). 
Seguy, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris: (Fannia lineata Stein). 
— ■ , 1932a: Sturnus vulgaris; {Fannia lineata Stein). 

— , ig^ja.: Sturnus vulgaris: {Fannia lineata (Stein)). 

Fannia (Fannia) manicata (Meigen) 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L. ; {Fannia manicata Meig.). 
Seguy, 1946: Kingfisher, Delichon urhica (L.), Hirundo rustica L.; 
{Fannia manicata (Meigen)). 

Fannia (Fannia) nidica Collin 
Collin, 1939: Song-thrush, bird's nest. 

Fannia (Fannia) nidicola Malloch 
McAtee, 1927: Myiarchus crinitus: {Fannia nidicola Malloch). 

— , 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Hydrotaea nidicola Malloch). 
Malloch, 1927: Myiarchus crinitus; {Fannia nidicola Malloch). 
Seguy, 1937a; Myiarchus crinitus; {Fannia nidicola Malloch). 

Fannia (Fannia) scalaris (Fabricius) 
Boyd, 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Fannia scalaris F.). 
James, 1947: Birds' nests; {Fannia scalaris (Fabr.)). 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe ; {Homolomyia (sic) scalaris ¥.). 
Kemper, 1938a: Progne subis; {Farinia scalaris C). 
McAtee, 1927: Progne subis; {Fannia scalaris Fabr.). 
Seguy, 1929: Passer domestica, Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica; {Fan- 
nia scalaris F.). 
— ■ , 1930: Birds' nests; {Fannia scalaris Fabr.). 

— , 1932 a: Passer domestica, Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica: {Fan- 
nia scalaris F.). 

— , 1935 a: Hirundo urbica; (Fannia scalaris). 

— , 1937 a: Passer domestica, Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica; {Fan- 
nia scalaris (Fabr.) ) . 



214 

Seguy, 1946: Swallow, sparrow, titmouse, nightingale; {Fannia scala- 
ris F.). 

— , 1 950 : Swallow, sparrow ; {Fannia scalaris ¥.) . 

Fannia trimaculata (Stein) 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Fannia trimaculata Stein). 

Helina sp. 

Seguy, 1937a: Parus coeruleus (sic). 

Helina australasiae Malloch 
Hindwood, 1951 : Finch; (Helina australasiae) . 

Helina pertusa (Meigen) 
Keilin, 1924a: Parus coeruleus (sic): {Mydeae (sic) pertusa). 
Seguy, 1929: Parus caeruleus; {Mydaea pertusa Meig.). 

— , ig'^2a.: Parus caeruleus; {Mydaea pertusa M.eig.). 

■ — • , 1946: Parus caeruleus L.; {Mydaea pertusa (Meigen) ). 

— , ig^o: Parus caeruleus: {Mydaea pertusa 'Meig.). 

Helina uliginosa (Fallen) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Helina uligi- 
nosa). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp. 

Hydrotaea sp. 

Huckett, 1954: Myiarchus crinitus : {'^Hydrotaea sp.). 
James, 1947: Birds' nests. 

McAtee, 1927: Myiarchus crinitus; {Hydrotaea sp. (?)). 
Seguy, 1937 a: Myiarchus crinitus, birds' nests. 

Hydrotaea basdeni Collin 
Collin, 1939: Owl. 
Huckett, 1954: Owl, Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Hydrotaea dentipes (Fabricius) 
Heim de Balsac, 1933: '^Columba palumba L.; {Hydrotaea dentipes ¥.). 
Seguy, 1939: Moineau; (Hydrotaea dentipes). 

Hydrotaea occulta (Meigen) 

Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Hydrotaea occulta Mg.). 

Seguy, 1946: Kingfisher: {Hydrotaea occulta Meigen). 

Hylemyia sp. 

Jellison and Philip, 1933: Pica pica hudsonicus (sic) ; {Hylernia 
(sic) sp.). 



215 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. Passer doniesticus, Progne subis. 

Nordberg, 1936: Corvus coriiix L. 

Stresemann, 1934: Birds' nests; (Chortopliila sp.). 

Hylemyia cannabina (Stein) 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; {Melinia can- 
nabina). 

Bezzi, 1922: Acantliis cannabina; {Chortopliila cannabina Stein). 

Collin, 1939: Bird's nest; {Melinia cannabina Stein). 

Eichler, i936d: Bluthanfling; {Chortopliila cannabina Stein). 

Seguy, 1923a: Linnet, birds' nests; {Chortopliila (Chortopliila) canna- 
bina Stein) . 

— , 1929: Linotte; {Chortopliila cannabina Stein). 

— , 1932a: Linotte; {Chortopliila camiabina Stein). 

— , 1937a: Birds' nests. 

— , 1946: Linotte; (Chortopliila cannabina) . 

— , 1950: Linotte; (Hylemyia cannabina). 

Stein, 1915: Hanfling, bird's nest; {Chortopliila cannabina Stein). 

Hylemyia meadei (Kowarz) 
Collin, 1939: Birds' nests; {O psolasia meadei Kow.). 
Edwards, 1925 a: Thrush, blackbird, ?finch; [Lasiomryia meadei (?)). 
Fordham, 1927: Old birds' nests; {Lasiomma meadii (sic) Kow.). 
Keilin, 1924a: Birds' nests; (Lasiomma meadei). 

Hylemyia nidicola Aldrich 

Herms, 1950: Dendroica aestiva, Petrochelidon albifrons. 
Plath, 1919 b: Dendroica aestiva (Gmelin), Petrochelidon albifrons Say, 
birds' nests. 

Hylemyia octoguttata (Zetterstedt) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (O psolasia 

octoguttata). 
Parmenter, 1944: Birds' nests; {O psolasia octoguttata Zett.). 

Hylemyia spizellae Huckett 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, chipping sparrow; {Hylemyia spizella (sic)). 

Hylephila unistriata (Zetterstedt) 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.); {Hylephila unistriata Rdt. (sic)). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia: {Helophila unistriata 
Rdt. (sic)). 

Musca sp. 

Eichler, 1937: Birds' nests. 
Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 
Seguy, 1937a: Chelidon rustica, Podiceps novae-hollandiae , birds' nests. 



2l6 

Musca domestica Linnaeus 

Eichler, 1937b: Riparia riparia riparia. 
Hill. 1921 : Podicipes novae-hollandiae. 
Kemper, 1938a: Uferschwalbe. 
Seguy, 1923: Swallow, Passer domesticus. 

1929: Passer domestica, Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica. 

1932a: Chelidon rustica. 

1933: Moineau, hirondelle. 

1935 a: Hirundo urbica: (Musca domestica). 

1946: Delichon sp., Hirundo sp., sparrow. 

1950: Delichon sp., Hirundo sp. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Delichon urbica L. 

Muscina sp. 

Menozzi, 1931 : Sturnus vulgaris. 

Seguy, 1937a: Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica, Sturnus vulgaris. 

— , 1950: Swallow, sparrow, starling. 

Muscina assimilis (Fallen) 
Cornelius, 1869: Pigeon; {Cyrtoneura caesia Meigen). 
Douglas, 1871: Pigeon; [Cyrtoneura caesia Meigen). 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine) ; [Muscina assimilis Fallen). 
Seguy, 1929: Passer domestica; [Muscina assimilis Fallen). 
— - , 1932a: Moineau: [Muscina assimilis YdtWen). 

Muscina pabulorum (Fallen) 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; [Muscina pabulorum Fall.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia: [Muscina pabulorum 
Fall.). 

Muscina pascuorum (Meigen) 
Bryant, 1941: Ninox boobook; ["^Muscina pascuorum). 

Muscina stabulans (Fallen) 
Johnson, 1927: Bluebird; (Muscina stabulans). 

Lee and Ryckman, 1954: Speotyto cunicularia hypogaea (sic) (Bona- 
parte). 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; [Muscina stabulans Fallen). 
Ryckman, 1953: Tyto alba pratincola (Bonaparte). 
Seguy, 1923: Swallow, Passer domesticus ; [Muscina stabulans Fallen). 

— , 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Passer domestica, Chelidon rustica, Hi- 
rundo urbica; [Muscina stabulans Fallen). 

— , 1932a: Sturnus vulgaris, Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica, moi- 
neau; [Muscina stabulans Fallen). 

— , 1933: Moineau, hirondelle. 

— 5 ^9353^" Hirundo urbica; (Muscina stabulans). 

— , 1950: Swallow, sparrow; [Muscina stabulans Fallen). 



217 

Mydaea sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Mesange. 

— , 1950: Rossignol, mesange. 

Mydaea balsaci Seguy 
Seguy, 1946: Milvus migrans. 

Ophyra sp. 

Seguy, 1950: Rossignol, mesange. 

Ophyra anthrax (Meigen) 

Seguy, 1932a: Passer domestica; {Ophyra anthrax Meig.). 
■ — ■ , 1937a: Passer domestica. 

— , 1946: Swallow, sparrow; (Ophyra anthrax). Passer domesticus L. 
■ — • , 1950: Swallow, sparrow; (Ophyra anthrax). 

Ophyra leucostoma (Wiedemann) 
Keilin and Tate, 1930: Swallow; {Ophyra leucostoma Wied.). 
Seguy, 1923 a: Swallow; {Ophyra leucostoma Wied.). 

— , 1929: Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica; {Ophyra leucostoma 
Wied.). 

— , 1932a: Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica, Passer domestica L.; 
{Ophyra leucostoma Wied.). 

— , 1937a: Chelidon rustica, Hirundo urbica, Passer domestica. 

— , 1946: Swallow, sparrow, hirondelle des fenetres, hirondelle des 
cheminees; {Ophyra leucostoma Wied.). Delichon urbica (L.), Hi- 
rundo rustica (L.), Passer domesticus (L.). 

— , 1950: Swallow, sparrow; {Ophyra leucostoma Wied.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Ophyra leucostoma Wied.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia: {Ophyra leucostoma 

Wied.). 

Opsolasia sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Sparrow, finch; {Lasiomma sp.). 

— , 1950: Sparrow, finch; {Lasiomma sp.). 

Opsolasia ctenocnema (Kowarz) 
Pugh, 1936: Thrush, bird's nest; {Lasiomma ctenoctema (sic) Kow.). 

Opsolasia eriophthalma (Zetterstedt) 
Collin, 1939: Birds' nests; {Opsolasia eriophthalma Ztt.). 
Edwards, 1925a: Thrush, blackbird, ?finch: (Lasiomma eriophthalma). 
Keilin, 1924a: Birds' nests; {Lasiomma eriophthalma Zett.). 
Seguy, 1929: Passer domestica L.; {Lasiorynna eriophthalma Zett.). 

— , 1932a: Birds' nests, Pmoineau; {Lasiomma eriophthalma Zett.). 



2l8 

Opsolasia roederi (Kowarz) 
Fordham, 1935: Sparrow, chaffinch; {Opsolasia roederi Kow.). 
Seguy, 1923 a: Pinson, moineau; [Lasiomma roederi Kowarz). 

— , 1929: Fringilla caelebs (sic), Passer domestica; {Lasiomma roe- 
deri Kowarz). 

— , 1932a: Fringilla caelebs (sic). Passer domestica; {Lasiomma 
Roeoderi (sic) Kowarz). 

— , 1937a: Birds' nests. 

Orthellia caesarion (Meigen) 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Orthellia caesarion Meigen). 

Passeromyia sp. 

Chisholm, 1952: Lyre-bird, birds' nests. 
Martini, 1923: Birds' nests. 

— , 1929: Birds' nests. 

Rodhain and Villeneuve, 1915: Passer griseus, Cinnyris cupreus Shaw, 

Hirundo monteiroi Hartl., Hirundo gordoni Jard. 
Townsend, 1934: Birds' nests; {Ornithomusca sp., Passeromyia sp.). 

Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve) 

Bezzi, 1922: Passer sp., Hirundo sp., Cinnyris sp., Spermestes sp., Si- 
tagra sp., Ploceus sp. 

Cuthbertson, 1939: Birds' nests; {Passeromyia heterochaeta VilL). 

Keilin, 1917: Birds' nests; {Passeromyia heterochaetaWiWen&uwe) . 

Patton, 1920: House sparrow ; {Passeromyia heterochaeta Wi\\ene.u\e) . 

Rodhain, 19 18: Swallow, ploceids, birds' nests; (Passeromyia heterocha- 
eta). 

Rodhain and Bequaert, 1916: Passer griseus Vieill., Hirundo monteiroi 
Hart., Cinnyris cupreus Shaw, Hirundo gordoni Jard., Spermestes 
cucullata Sw., Hirundo sp., ploceids. 

Roubaud, 1915a: Passer griseus. 

Roubaud and van Saceghem, 19 16: Ploceus collaris; {Passeromyia hete- 
rochaeta Vill.) . 

Seguy, 1924: Ploceus collaris; {Passeromyia heterochaeta Villeneuve). 

— , 1937a: Passer griseus Vieill., Hirundo monteiroi Hartl., Hirundo 
gordoni Jard., Cinnyris cupreus Shaw, Spermestes cucullata Sw., 
Sitagra monacha Sharpe, ploceids. 

— , 1946: Passer sp., Hirundo sp., Cinnyris sp., Spermestes sp., Sitagra 
sp.; {Passeromyia heterochaetaWi\\en&u\&) . 

- — , 1950: Passer sp., Hirundo sp., Cinnyris sp., Spermestes sp., Si- 
tagra sp. 
Taylor, 1949: Lanius collaris, Serinus canicollis, Cossypha caffra, Sige- 
lus silens; {Passeromyia heterochaeta Villen.). 



219 

Passeromyia longicornis (Macquart) 

Bezzi, 1922: Pardalotus sp. ; {Ornithoniusca victoria Townsend (= Cyr- 
toneura longicornis Macquart = Passeromyia longicornis (Mac- 
_ quart))). 

Chisholm, 1952: Honeyeater, Platycercus exirnius, Dacelo gigas; (Pas- 
seromyia longicornis) . 

Gilbert, 1923: Honeyeater; (Passeromyia longicornis) . 

Hindwood, 1930: Pardalote; [Ornithomusca victoria Townsend). Antho- 
chaera chrysoptera; {Passeromyia longicornis Macquart). 

— , 1947: Myiagra ruhecula; [Passeromyia longicornis Macq.). 
• — , 1 95 1 : Kookaburra; (Passeromyia longicornis). 

— , ig^ia,: Platycercus eximius. Halcyon sanctus; {"^Passeromyia 
longicornis) . 

Owen, 1954: Menura superba, Meliornis serica, Glyciphila (sic) fulvi- 
frons, Carduelis carduelis, Anthochaera chrysoptera, Meliornis no- 
vae -hollandiae ; (Passeromyia longicornis). 

Seguy, 1937a: Pachycephala rufiventris, Rhipidura leucophrys, Menura 
nov ae -hollandiae , Meliornis nov ae -hollandiae , Meliornis niger, Gli- 
ciphila melanops, Anthochaera chrysoptera, Carduelis carduelis, Par- 
dalotus sp. 

— , 1946: Pachycephala sp., Rhipidura sp., Menura sp., Meliornis sp., 
Gliciphila sp., Anthochaera sp., Carduelis sp., Pardalotus sp.; {Pas- 
seromyia longicornis Macquart). 

— , 1950: Pachycephala sp., Rhipidura sp., Menura sp., Meliornis sp., 
Gliciphila sp., Anthochaera sp., Carduelis sp., Pardalotus sp.; {Pas- 
seromyia longicornis Macquart). 

Townsend, 1916: Pardalotus sp.; {Ornithomusca victoria Townsend). 

Phaonia sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Mesange. 
— ■ , 1947a: Birds' nests. 

— , 1950: Rossignol, mesange. 

Phaonia querceti (Bouche) 
Falcoz, 1921: Mesange; {Phaonia querceti Bouche). 
Lesne, 1923: Mesange; {Phaonia querceti Bouche {Mydaea platyptera 

Zett.)). 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Dendrophaonia querceti Bouche). 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Certhia jamili- 
aris L., Parus major L., P. atricapillus L., Muscicapa hypoleuca 
Pall., Sturnus vulgaris L., Falco tinnunculus L.; {Phaonia querceti 
Bouche). 
Seguy, 1923a: Mesange; {Phaonia querceti ^o\xch.€). 
— ■ , 1929: Mesange; {Phaonia querceti 'louche.) . 
— ■ , 1932a: Mesange; {Phao7iia querceti Bonche). 

— , 1946: Birds' nests; (Phaonia querceti). 

— • , 1950: Mesange; {Phaonia querceti Bouche). 



Philornis sp. 

Seguy, 1937a: Birds" nests. 
Stresemann, 1934: Birds' nests. 

Philornis angustifrons (Low) 

Seguy, 1946: Xiphocolaptes albicollis; {Philornis angustifrons Low). 

— , 1950: Xiphocolaptes albicollis; {Philornis angustifrons Low). 

Philornis obscura (van der Wulp) 
Aldrich, 1923: Mockingbird; {Philornis obscura Van der Wulp). 

Philornis pici (Macquart) 

Engel, 1920: Picus striatus Gmel., Mexican troupials, Leptotila reichen- 
bachi reichenbachi (Pelzeln), Icterus cayanensis (L.), Gymmomy- 
stax rnexicanus (L.) ; {Mydaea pici Macquart). 

Lutz and Neiva, 19 12: Spermophila gutturalis, Mimus modulator, Pe- 
ristera ruf axilla, Picus striatus, Oriolus cayennensis, Oriolus rnexi- 
canus, Cassicus haemorrhous; {Mydaea pici Macquart). 

Miranda Ribeiro, de, 1901 : Peristera ruf axilla; {Mydaea pici Macquart). 

Seguy, 1946: Dulus sp., Picus sp., Oriolus sp., Peristera sp., Cassicus 
sp., Molothrus sp.. Paroaria sp., Amazona sp.. Pionus sp. ; {Philornis 
pici Macq. ) . 
■ — , 1950: Dulus sp., Picus sp., Oriolus sp., Peristera sp., Cassicus sp., 
Molothrus sp., Paroaria sp., Amazona sp., Pionus sp.; {Philornis 
pici Macq.). 

Townsend, 1895: Picus striatus; {Hylemyia (Aricia) pici Macquart). 

Philornis spermophila (Townsend) 
Seguy, 1946: Mimus sp., Spermophila sp.; {Philornis spermophila 
Tnsd.). 

— , ig^o: Mimus sp., Spermophila sp.; (Philornis spermophila Tnsd.) . 
Townsend, 1895: Mimus orpheus, birds' nests; (Mydaea spermophilae). 

Philornis torquans (Nielsen) 
Seguy, 1946: Mimus sp., Sperinophila sp.. Homerus sp.. Pitangus sp.; 
{Philornis torquans Nielsen). 
■ — , 1950: Mimus sp., Spermophila sp., Homerus sp., Pitangus sp.; 
{Philornis torquans Nielsen). 

Stomoxys sp. 

James, 1947: Birds' nests. 



Stomoxys calcitrans (Linnaeus) 
Hill, 1921 : Podicipes novae-hollandiae ; (Stomoxys calcitrans). 
Noller, 19 19: Hirundo rustica; (Stomoxys calcitrans) . 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Sparrow, swallow; {Stomoxys calcitrans L.). 
Seguy, 1929: Chelidon rustica; {Stomoxys calcitrans L.). 

— , 1932a: Chelidon rustica; {Stomoxys calcitrans L.). 
— ■ , 1933: Pigeon, swallow. 

— , 1935a: Hirundo urbica; (Stomoxys calcitrans) . 

— , IQ^6 : Delichon sp., Hiru7ido sp.; {Stomoxys calcitrans h.) . 

— , 1950: Delichon sp., Hirundo sp.; (Stomoxys calcitrans). 

Uncertain Position 

Basden, 1934: Rook, sparrow hawk, robin; {Hydrotaea nidicola 

Malloch). 
Bezzi, 1922: Birds' nests; {Chortophila nidicola (Aldrich)). 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Lasiops sp.). 
Dobroscky, 1925: Robin; (Hydrotaea nidicola). 
Fletcher, 1920: Mynah, kite; {Stomoxys {'^oblongata)). 
Huckett, 1954: T Urdus migratorius, Corvus frugilegus, Accipiter nisus, 

Buteo vulpinus intermedins Menzb., Pernis apivorus L.; {Hydrotaea 

nidicola Malloch). 
Karl, 1928: Sparrow hawk; {Hydrotaea nidicola Karl). 
Malloch, 1925: Robin; {Hydrotaea nidicola Malloch). 
Nordberg, 1936: Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Accipiter gentilis L., Buteo 

buteo L.; {Hydrotaea nidicola Karl). 
Seguy, 1937a: Epervier; {Hydrotaea nidicola Karl). 

— , 1939: Corneille en Angleterre; [Hydrotaea nidicola Malloch). 
Epervier de I'Europe centrale; {Hydrotaea nidicola Karl). 

— , 1946: Birds' nests; (Hydrotaea nidicola). Epervier, Milvus mil- 
vus (L.), Milvus migrans (Bodd.) ; {Hydrotaea nidicola Karl). Cor- 
neille, Myiarchus crinitus; {Hydrotaeta (sic) nidicola Malloch) . 

Tiensuu, 1935: Buteo vulpinus intermedius Menzb., Pernis apivorus L., 

Sperber; {Hydrotaea nidicola Karl). 
Townsend, 1934: Birds' nests; {Musca quadrilineata F.). 

Family NEOTTIOPHILIDAE 
Neottiophilum sp. 

Bezzi, 191 1 : Birds' nests. 
Eichler, 1948: Birds' nests. 

— , 1952: Birds' nests. 

Fordham, 1945: Thrush, blackbird, house sparrow, chaffinch. 
Lameere, 1946: Birds' nests. 
Stobbe, 1913: Finch. 

Neottiophilum praeustum (Meigen) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L., birds' nests; 
(Neottiophilum praeustum). 



Audcent. 1933: Birds' nests; {Neottiophilum praeustum Mg.). 

Bezzi, 1922: Fringilla coelebs, Passer domesticus. 

Colyer and Hammond, 1951: Thrush, blackbird, finch; {Neottiophilum 

praeustum Meigen). 
Czerny, 1930: Fringilla coelebs L., Griinfink, Hanfling, Sperling, Drossel, 

Turdus merula, Monchsgrasmiicke, Certhia familiaris L., Sperber; 

(Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen). 
Dorn, 1913: Accipiter nisus L., Fringilla coelebs L.; (Neottiophilum 

praeustum Mg.). 
Edwards, 1925a: Thrush, greenfinch; (Neottiophilum praeustum). 
Eichler, i936d: Buchfink, Griinling, Bluthanfling, Singdrossel, Amsel; 

(Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.). 
Engel. 1920: Finch, sparrow; (Neottiophilum praeustum Mg. ) . 
Fordham, 1926: Birds' nests; (Neottiophilum praeustum Mg.). 
Frauenfeld, von, 1868: Finch: (Neottiophilum fringillarum von Frauen- 

feld). 
Hamm, 1925: Thrush: (Neottiophilum praeustum Mg.). 
Hennig, 1952: Birds' nests; (Neottiophilum praeustum Mg.). 
Hesse, 1923: Fink, Sperling, Turdus merula, Certhia familiaris L., Friji- 

gilla coelebs L. ; (Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen). 

— , 1925: Sperber, Hanfling, Buchfink, Griinfink, Sperling, Drossel, 
Amsel, Monchsgrasmiicke, Baumlaufer: (Neottiophilum praeustum 

Keilin, 1924: Finch, Fringilla coelebs, Passer domesticus, thrush, black- 
bird, chaffinch, greenfinch, Acanthis canabina (sic), Sylvia atrica- 
pilla (L.). 

— , 1924 a: Acanthis canyiabina: (Neottiophilum praeustum). 

Kidd, 1953: Old nest, probably that of blackbird: (Neottiophilum pra- 
eustum (Miegen) (sic)). 

Lindner, 1940: Birds' nests; (Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen). 
— • , 1948: Birds" nests; (Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.). 

Malloch, 1908: Greenfinch; (Neottiophilum praeustum Mg.). 

Menegaux, 1939: Turdus merula, Luscinia megarhyncha, Acanthis 
cannabina, Chloris chloris, Certhia familiaris. Passer domesticus, 
Fringilla coelebs, Hypolais icterina Vieillot. 

Mik, 1887: Finch; (Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.). 

— , 1894: Passer domesticus; (Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen). 
Owen, 1954: Passerines, warblers, thrushes, finches, crows; (Neottio- 

phillum (sic) praeustum). 

Riedel, 1898: Fink; (Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen). 

Roder, von, 1892: Birds' nests; (Neottiophilum praeustum Mg.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Blackbird, thrush, finch, warbler, carrion- 
crow, linnet, nightingale, tree-creeper, sparrow, hedge-sparrow. 

Seguy, 1929: Merle, rossignol, Acanthis cannabina, Chloris chloris L., 
grive, Certhia familiaris. Passer domestica, Fringilla caelebs (sic), 
Sylvia atricapilla. 

— , 1932a: Merle, grive, verdier, rossignol, grimpereau, moineau. 



223 

fauvette. Chloris chloris, Certhia familiaris, Acanthis cannabina, 
pinson. 
Seguy, 1934: Merle, Acanthis cannabina (L.), Chloris chloris L., grive, 
Turdus sp., Certhia familiaris (L.), Passer domestica (L.), Frin- 
gilla coelebs (L.), Sylvia atricapilla (L.), nightingale. 
— ■ . 1 94 1 : Rossignol ; {Neottiophilum praeustum 'M.eigen). 

— . 1946: Pica pica (L.) ; {Neottiophilum praeustum Nitzsch). Merle, 
grive, verdier, rossignol, grimpereau, moineau, fauvette; (Neottio- 
philum praeustum). 

— • . 1950: Merle, grive, verdier, rossignol, grimpereau, sparrow. 

— , 1 951: Linotte, verdier, grive, merle, grimpereau, moineau, pinson, 
fauvette a tete noire; [Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen). 

Tate, 1954: Chloris chloris chloris (L.), Fringilla coelebs coelebs L., 
Carduelis cannabina cannabina (L.), Passer domesticus domesticus 
(L.), Sylvia atricapilla atricapilla (L.), Luscinia megarhyncha me- 
garhyncha Brehm, Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L., Certhia 
familiaris familiaris L., Turdus merula merula L., Turdus ericeto- 
rum ericetorum Turton, Accipiter nisus nisus (L.). 

Family NYCTERIBIIDAE 
Nycteribia sp. 

Nordberg, 1936: Passer domesticus L. 

Family OMPHRALIDAE 

Undetermined 

Audcent, 1930: Birds' nests. 

McAtee, ig2'j: Progne subis: (Scenopinidae). 

Omphrale sp. 

Frauenfeld, von, 1864: Swallow; {S ceno pinus sp.) . 
Hindwood, 1951: Finch; {S ceno pinus sp.) . 
Resch, 1874: Swallow; {? S ceno pinus sp.). 
Seguy, 1950: Birds' nests; [Scenopinus sp.). 

Omphrale albicincta (Rossi) 

Seguy, 1920: Swallow; {Omphrale albicinctus Kossi) . 

— . 1926: Swallow; {Omphrale albicincta Koss'i). 

— . 1929: Chelidon rustica; {Omphrale albicincta Kossi) . 
— • , 1930: Birds' nests; {Omphrale albicincta Kossi) . 

— , 1932a: Chelidon rustica: {Omphrale albicincta Rossi). 

Omphrale bouvieri Seguy 
Hennig, 1952: Passer domesticus. 
Seguy, 1920: Passer domesticus. 



224 

Seguy, 1926: Passer domesticus. 

— , 1929: Passer domestica. 

— , 1932a: Passer domestica; (Omphrale bouvieri). 

— , 1937: Birds' nests. 

Omphrale fenestralis (Linnaeus) 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 
1952: Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw, swallow; {Scenopinus 
fenestralis) . 

Biittiker, 1944: Micro pus apus L.; (Omphrale fenestralis). 

Dobroscky, 1925: House sparrow; (Scenopinus fenestralis). 

Hennig, 1952: Sparrow, swallow, pigeon; {Omphrale fenestralis L.). 

Jussel, 1905: Swallow; [Scenopinum (sic) fenestralis 1^.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests; {Omphrale fenestralis L.). 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Passer domesticus, Progne subis. Troglo- 
dytes aedon; {Scenopinus fenestralis L.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Parus atricapillus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., 
Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L., Falco tinnunculus L., Co- 
lumba oenas L. ; {Omphrale fenestralis L.). 

Osten-Sacken, 1886: Swallow; (Scenopinus fenestralis). 

Perris, 1870: Swallow, hirondelle de cheminee; {Scenopinus fenestra- 
lis U). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests; (Scenopinus fenestralis). 

Seguy, 1920: Passer domesticus; {Omphrale fenestralis L.). 
■ — • , 1 921: Swallow, Passer domesticus, pigeon; {Omphrale fenestra- 
lis I..). 

— , 1926: Passer domesticus; {Omphrale fenestralis L., Omphrale 
senilis F.). 

— , 1929: Hirondelle de cheminee, Hirundo urbica; {Omphrale fene- 
stralis L.). Chelidon rustica. Passer domestica; {Omphrale fene- 
stralis L., Omphrale senilis F.). 

— ■ , 1930: Birds' nests; {Omphrale fenestralis L.). 

- — , 1932a: Hirondelle, hirondelle des cheminees, Hirundo urbica; 

{Omphrale fenestralis L.). Chelidon rustica. Passer domestica; 

{Omphrale fenestralis L., Omphrale senilis F.). 

— , 1935a: Hirundo urbica. 

— , 1937: Hirondelle de cheminee; (Scenopinus fenestralis). Moineau, 
hirondelle, pigeon; (Omphrale fenestralis). Birds' nests; {Omph- 
rale senilis F.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica (L.), Hi- 
rundo rustica L., Columba sp., Corvus monedula L.; {Scenopinus 
fenestralis (L.) ). 

Omphrale glabrifrons (Meigen) 

Seguy, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Omphrale glabrifrons Meigen). 

— , 1932a: Sturnus vulgaris; {Omphrale glabrifrons Meigen). 

— , 1937: Martinet; (Omphrale glabrifrons). 



225 

Family OPOMYZIDAE 
Geomyza frontalis (Fallen) 
Edwards, 1925a: Thrush, blackbird, ?finch; (Geomyza jrontalis). 

Family OTITIDAE 
Ceroxys hortulana (Rossi) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Ceroxys hortulana Rossi). 

Family PHORIDAE 
Undetermined 

Bequaert, 1954: Birds' nests. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 

— , 1952: Ploceus sp. 
Dobroscky, 1925: Crow. 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. 
McAtee, 1929: Passer domesticus. 

Gonicera (Conicera) atra Meigen 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Conicera dauca Meig.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; (Conicera dauca Meig'). 

Conicera (Tritoconicera) tibialis Schmitz 
Colyer, 1954: Sand-martin; {Conicera tibialis Schmitz). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Conicera tibialis Schmitz). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia: {Conicera tibialis 
Schmitz). 

Gymnoptera vitripennis (Meigen) 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Hypocera vitripennis C). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Hypocera vitripen- 
nis G.). 

Megaselia sp. 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine). 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Aphiochaeta sp.). 
Seguy, 1950: Birds' nests. 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Aphiochaeta sp.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Aphiochaeta sp.). 

Megaselia (Aphiochaeta) aequalis (Wood) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Aphiochaeta 
aequalis). 

Megaselia (Aphiochaeta) ciliata (Zetterstedt) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L. ; (Aphiochaeta 
ciliata) . 



226 

Megaselia (Megaselia) minor (Zetterstedt) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; {Megaselis 
(sic) miyior). 

Megaselia (Megaselia) rata (Wood) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; {Megaselis 

(sic) rata). 
Edwards, 1925 a: Finch; ( Aphiochaeta rata). 

Megaselia (Megaselia) rufipes (Meigen) 
Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe, Hausschwalbe ; {Phora rufipes Mg.). 
Keilin, 1 g24.3i: Parus coeruleus (sic); (Appiocliaeta (sic) rufipes). 
Seguy, 1929: Parus caeruleus L.; {Megaselia rufipes Meig.). 

— , 1932 a: Parus caeruleus L.; {Megaselia rufipes Meig.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Megaselia rufipes Meig.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Megaselia rufipes 

Meig.). 

Megaselia (Megaselia) septentrionalis Schmitz 
Collin. 1939: Blackbird, thrush; {Megaselia septentrionalis Schmitz). 

Family PIOPHILIDAE 
Piophila sp. 

Seguy, 1950: Birds' nests; {Mycetaulus sp.). 

Piophila (Mycetaulus) bipunctata (Fallen) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Mycetaulus hipunctatus Fin.). 
Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests; (Mycetaulus hipunctatus). 
Frey, 1921 : Starling; {Mycetaulus hipunctatus Fall.). 

— , 1930: Starling; {Mycetaulus hipunctatus Yq\\.). 
Hamm, 1939: Birds' nests; {Mycetaulus hipunctatus Fin.). 

Hennig, 1943: Bird's nest; {Piophila (Mycetaulus) hipunctata Fallen). 
Keilin, 1924a: Bird's nest; (Mycetaulus hipunctatus). 
Scott, 1907: Bird's nest; {Mycetaulus hipunctatus Fin.). 
Seguy, 1929: Bird's nest; {Mycetaulus hipunctatus Fall.). 
• — ■ , 1932a: Bird's nest; {Mycetaulus hipunctatus Fa\\€n) . 

— , 1946: Bird's nest, Milvus migrans (Bodd.), starling; {Mycetaulus 
hipunctatus (Fallen)). 

— ■ , 1950: Bird's nest; {Mycetaulus hipunctatus Fallen). 

Piophila (Liopiophila) varipes Meigen 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Piophila varipes Mg.). 
Edwards, 1925a: Finch; (Piophila varipes). 

Piophila (Allopiophila) vulgaris Fallen 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Piophila vulgaris Fin.). 



227 

Family PSYCHODIDAE 
Phlebotomus argentipes Annandale and Brunetti 

Fletcher, 1920: Birds' nests; (Phlebotornus argentipes). 

Psychoda sp. 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Nordberg, 1936: Pica pica L., Certhia familiaris L., Sturnus vulgaris L., 

Dryocopus martins L. 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf. 1949: Riparia riparia. 

Psychoda alternata Say 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Psychoda phalaenoides (Linnaeus) 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe : (Psychoda phalaenoides h.) . 

Family SARCOPHAGIDAE 

Undetermined 

McAtee, 1927: Progne subis, Troglodytes aedon, Sialia sialis, Myiarchus 
crinitus; (sarcophagid puparia). 
— , 1929: Myiarchus crinitus. 

Laccoprosopa sarcophagina Townsend 

Dobroscky, 1925: Crow; {Lacchoprosopa (sic) avium). 

Sarcophaga sp. 
Hill, 1921 : Podicipes novae-hollandiae . 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Troglodytes aedon. 
Mason. 1944: Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris, Iridoprocne bicolor. 

Sarcophaga argyrostoma (Robineau-Desvoidy) 

Eichler, 1937b: Troglodytes aedon; (Sarcophaga falculata). 
Kemper. 1938a: Troglodytes aedon; {Sarcophaga falculata Pand.). 
McAtee, 1927: Troglodytes aedon; {Sarcophaga falculata Pandelle). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp.; {Sarcophaga barbata Thorns.). 

Sarcophaga haemorrhoidalis Fallen 

Kemper, 1938a: Progne subis; (Sarcophaga haemorrhoidalis Meig.). 
McAtee, 1927: Progne subis. 

Sarcophaga melanura Meigen 

Audcent, 1942: Hirundo rustica rustica L. 
Seguy, 1929: Chelidon rustica. 



228 

Seguy, 1932 a: Chelidon rustica. 

— , 1946: Sparrow, swallow. 

— , 1950: Sparrow, swallow. 

Sarcophaga sinuata Meigen 
Dobroscky, 1925: Catbird, field sparrow; {Sarcophaga sinuata). 

Family SGATOPHAGIDAE 
Scatomyza litorea Fallen 
Lack, 1932: ?sea-birds; (Scatophaga litorea). 

Scopeuma stercorarium (Linnaeus) 
Lack, 1932: ?sea-birds; (Scatophaga stercoraria). 

Family SCATOPSIDAE 
Ectaetia lignicola Edwards 
de Meijere, 1944: Starling (?). 

Reichertella femoralis (Meigen) 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; [Reichertella femoralis Meigen). 

Scatopse fuscipes Meigen 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Scatops (sic) fuscipes M.eig.) . 

Scatopse notata (Linnaeus) 

Boyd, 1932: Passer montanus rnontanus ; {Scatopse notata L.). 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Scatopse notata S.j. 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; {Scatopse notata L.). 

Seguy, 1946: Swallow, kingfisher. 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Scatopse notata Meig.). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Scatopse notata Meig.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.). 

Family SGIARIDAE 
Undetermined 

Bequaert, 1954: Birds' nests. 

Hicks, 1953: Toxostonia rufum (L.). 

Bradysia (Chaetosciara) auripila (Winnertz) 
Basden, 1933: Moorhen; (Sciara auripila). 

Bradysia (Neosciara) brunnipes (Meigen) 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Neosciara umbratica Zett.) 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia; {Neosciara umbratica 
Zett.). 



229 

Bradysia (Chaetosciara) fenestralis (Zetterstedt) 
Basden, 1933: Rook; (Sciara agraria). 

Leruth, 1935a: Hirondelle de rivage; {Neosciara fenestralis Zett. {^N. 
solani Win.) ). 
— , 1939: Sand martin: {Neosciara fenestralis f. microcavernaria 
Lengersdorf ). 
Seguy, 1940: Hirondelle de rivage; {Sciara fenestralis Zett.). 
— • , 1946: Riparia riparia (L.); {Neosciara fenestralis f. microcaver- 
naria Lengersdorf). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.); {Neosciara fenestralis f. micro- 

cavernensis Lengersdorf). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia: {Neosciara fenestralis f. 
microcavensis (sic) Lengersdorf). 

Bradysia (Hemineurina) modesta (Staeger) 
Basden, 1933: Song-thrush, robin, blackbird; (Sciara modesta). 
Hamm, 1939: Birds' nests: {Sciara modesta Staeg.). 

Bradysia (Chaetosciara) nemoralis (Meigen) 
Stadler. 1948: Riparia riparia (L.) ; {Neosciara nemoralis Meig. ). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf. 1949: Riparia riparia; {Neosciara nemoralis 
Meig. ) . 

Leptosciara autumnalis (Winnertz) 
Basden. 1933: Greenfinch: {Sciara ? autumnalis). 

Leptosciara scutellata (Staeger) 
Basden, 1933: Blackbird, song-thrush; (Sciara hispida). 
Edwards, 1925: Thrush, blackbird; {Sciara hispida Winn.). 
— • , 1925a: Thrush, blackbird, (?) finch; (Sciara hispida). 
Hamm, 1939: Birds' nests; {Sciara hispida Winn.). 

Leptosciara trochanterata (Zetterstedt) 
Seguy, 1940: Merle, grive: {Lycoria trochanterata (Zett.)). 

Lycoria sp. 

Nordberg. 1936: Passer domesticus L.. Delichon urhica L. 

Scaptosciara (Scaptosciara) vitripennis (Meigen) 
Basden, 1933: Rook; (Sciara quinquelineata). 

Scaptosciara (Uddmaniella) vivida (Winnertz) 
Basden, 1933: Rook; (Sciara vivida). 
Hamm, 1939: Birds' nests; {Sciara vivida Winn.). 

Sciara sp. 

McAtee. 1927: Progne subis, Troglodytes aedon, Sialia sialis. 



230 

Uncertain Position 

Eichler, 1937b: Troglodytes aedon; (Sciara impatiens). 

Hamm, 1939: Thrush; {Sciara glabra Mg.). 

McAtee, 1927: Troglodytes aedon; {Sciara impatiens Johannsen?). 

Pugh, 1936: Thrush; {Sciara glabra Mg.). 

Family SIMULIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Jelhson, 1940: Corvus brachyrhynchos. 

Family SPHAEROCERIDAE 
Undetermined 

Bequaert, 1954: Birds' nests. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L.; (CypseHdae) . 

Richards, 1930: Sea-birds, Phalacrocorax carbo L.; (sphaerocerids) . 

Crumomyia (Crumomyia) glacialis (Meigen) 
Lack, 1932: ?sea birds; (Copromyza glacialis). 

Limosina (Limosina) czernyi (Duda) 
Duda, 1938: Bussard. 

Limosina (Limosina) exigua Rondani 
Duda, 1938: Bussard. 

Limosina (Limosina) flavipes (Meigen) 
Duda, 1938: Meise. 
Falcoz, 1921 : Titmouse; {Scotophilella retracta Rond.). 

— ■ , 1924: Titmouse; {Scotophilella retracta Rond.). 
Richards, 1930: Prater cula arctica L., cormorant; {Leptocera (Limo- 
sina) minutissima Zetterstedt) . 
Seguy, 1929: Parus sp.; {Scotophilella retracta Rond.). 

— , 1932a: Parw5 sp.; {Scotophilella retracta Kond.) . 

■ — • , 1934: Mesange; {Leptocera minutissima (Zett.)). 

— , 1946: Mesange; {Scotophilella retracta (Rdi.)). 

■ — ■ , 1950: Mesange; {Leptocera minutissima (Zett.), Scotophilella re- 
tracta Rond.). 

Limosina (Limosina) heteroneura Haliday 
Duda, 1938: Cormorant. 

Richards, 1930: Cormorant; {Leptocera (Limosina) heteroneura HaH- 
day). 



231 

Limosina (Limosina) luteilabris Rondani 
Duda, 1938: Birds' nests. 

Richards, 1930: Sea-birds; [Leptocera (Limosina) luteilabris 'Kondzxn) . 
Seguy, 1934: Marine birds; {Leptocera simplicimana Rondani). 

Limosina (Limosina) silvatica (Meigen) 
Duda, 1938: Cormorant. 
Richards, 1930: Cormorant; {Leptocera (Limosina) silvatica Meigen). 

Pseudospliaerocera (Thoracochaeta) penteseta (Richards) 
Duda, 1938: Cormorant; {Pseudospliaerocera (Thoracochaeta) pente- 
seta Rich.). 
Richards, 1929: Cormorant; {Leptocera (Thoracochaeta) penteseta 
Richards). 
— • , 1930: Cormorant; {Leptocera (Thoracochaeta) penteseta Ri- 
chards). 

Pseudosphaerocera (Thoracochaeta) zosterae (Haliday) 
Richards, 1930: Cormorant; {Leptocera (Thoracochaeta) zosterae Hah- 
day). 
— ■ , 1929: Cormorant; {Leptocera zosterae Hal.) . 

Sphaerocera sp. 

Donisthorpe, ig'^^a.: Ardea cinereah.; {Phaerocera (sic) sp.). 

Sphaerocera (Sphaerocera) curvipes Latreille 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Sphaerocera subsultans ¥.). 

Sphaerocera (Sphaerocera) falcozi Duda 

Falcoz, 192 1 : Alcedo hispida (sic) L.; {Sphaerocera falcozi Duda). 
Seguy, 1934: Alcedo hispida (sic) L.; {Sphaerocera falcozi Duda ap. 
Falcoz). 

— ■ , 1946: Kingfisher; {Sphaerocera falcozi Guda). 

■ — • , 1950: Kingfisher; {Sphaerocera falcozi Dnda.). 

Sphaerocera (Sphaerocera) pusilla (Fallen) 
Richards, 1930: Sea-birds; {Sphaerocera (Lotobia) pusilla Fallen). 

Uncertain Position 

Seguy, 1946: Mesange; {Leptocera sp.). 

Family STRATIOMYIIDAE 
Eulalia sp. 

McAtee, 1940: Robin; {Odontomyia sp.). 



232 

Eulalia virgo (Wiedemann) 
Hicks, 1953: Chlidonias nigra surinamensis (Gmelin). 

Microchrysa flavicornis (Meigen) 
Collart, 1947b: Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica urbica L.: {Michro- 
chrysa (sic) flavicornis Meig.) . 

Uncertain Position 

Van Tyne, 1929: Ramphastos brevicarinatus; (Hermetia illucens). 

Family STREBLIDAE 
Undetermined 

Kirschenblatt, 1936: Birds' nests. 

Uncertain Position 

Kolenati, 1863: Parrot, pigeon ; [Strebla avium Macquart). 

Family SYRPHIDAE 
Undetermined 

Hicks, ig^"^: Sayornis phoebe (Latham). 

Epistrophe balteatus (DeGeer) 
Edwards, 1925a: Bird's nest; (Syrphus balteatus). 

Eristalomyia tenax (Linnaeus) 
Saunt, 1934: Bird's nest; {Eristalis tenax L.). 

Mesogramma marginata (Say) 
Hicks, 1953: Passer domesticus domesticus (L.), Coccyzus americanus 
americanus (L.), Cyanocitta cristata cristata (L.). 

Family TABANIDAE 
Chrysozona pluvialis (Linnaeus) 
Boyd, 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Haematopota pluvialis L.). 

Tabanus tropicus Panzer 

Donisthorpe, 1930b: Swan; (Tabanus tropicus). 

Family TACHINIDAE 

Undetermined 

McAtee, 1927a: Planesticus migratorius. 
— . 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 



233 

Bigonichaeta setipennis (Fallen) 
Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests; ( Bigonichaeta setipennis) . 

Bigonichaeta spinipennis (Meigen) 
Pugh, 1936: Thrush; [Digonochaeta (sic) spinipennis Mg.). 

Clausicella usitata Coquillett 
Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, bluebird, crow, song sparrow; (Clausicella usi- 
tata). 

Frontina sp. 

McAtee, 1929: Myiarchus crinitus. 

Plectops pruinosa Malloch 
Eichler, i936d: Birds' nests. 
Johnson, 1927 a: Bluebird; [Plectops priunosa (sic) Mall.). 

— , 1930: Bluebird; {Plectops pruniosa (sic) Mall.). 
McAtee, 1927: Sialia sialis. 

— , 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. Passer domesticus, Progne subis, Troglo- 
dytes aedon, Myiarchus crinitus. 

Malloch, 1927: Sialia sialis. 

Family TENDIPEDIDAE 
Undetermined 

Nordberg, 1936: Falco peregrinus Tunst., Regulus regulus L., Turdus 
pilaris L., Delichon urbica L., Dryocopus martins L.; (Tendipedi- 
nae sp.). 

Family THERE VI DAE 

Undetermined 

Low, 1861 : Hirundo rustica. 

Szekessy, 1948: Hirundo rustica L., Columba domestica L. 

Psilocephala sp. 

Jellison, 1940: Buteo sp. 

Thereva sp. 
Resch. 1874: Swallow; {?Therera (sic) sp. ). 

Family TIPULIDAE 
Undetermined 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L. 

Tipula peliostigma Schummel 

Audcent. 1932a: Old birds' nests; {Tipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma 
Schum.). 



234 

Family TRIXOSCELIDAE 

Undetermined 

Colyer and Hammond, 1951 : Bird's nest; (Trixoscelinae). 
Parmenter, 1951: Birds' nests; (Trixoscelinae). 

Neossos marylandica Malloch 
Lee and Ryckman, 1954: Bubo virginianus (Gmelin), barn owl in Cali- 
fornia; {Neossos marylandica (Malloch)). 
McAtee, 1927: Progne suhis, Troglodytes aedon, Sialia sialis, Myiarchus 
crinitus. 

— , 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis, Planesticus migratorius. 

— • , 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Passer domesticus, Troglodytes aedon, 
Sialia sialis, Progne subis. 

Malloch, 1927: Progne subis. 

Melander, 1952: Purple martin, wren, bluebird, crested flycatcher, star- 
ling. 

Ryckman, 1953: Tyto alba pratincola (Bonaparte); {Neossos marylari- 
dica (Malloch) ). 

Seguy, 1950: Dumetella carolinensis. 

Trixoscelis canescens (Loew) 
Collin, 1943: Blackbird; {Trichoscelis (sic) canescens Lw.) . 

Family TRYPETIDAE 

Tephritis vespertina (Loew) 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Tephritis 
vespertina) . 

Family ULIDIIDAE 
Euxesta hyalipennis Malloch 

Steyskal, 1952: Fregata minor. 

Uncertain Position in the Order DIPTERA 

Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine) ; (Geomyzidae). 

REFERENCES 

Aldrich, J. M. 1905. A catalogue of North American Diptera. Smithson. 

misc. Coll., Part of Vol. 46, No. 1444, pp. i — 680. 
Bequaert, Joseph C. 1953. The Hippoboscidae or louse-flies (Diptera) of 

mammals and birds. Part I. Structure, physiology and natural 

history. Ent. amer., 32 (N. S.) : i- — 209, 20 figs. 

— . 1953. Ibid. Ent. amer., 33 (N. S.) : 21 1 — 442. 

— . 1954. Ibid. Part IL Taxonomy, evolution and revision of American 
genera and species. Ent. amer., 34 (N. S.) : i — 232, 44 figs. 

Coe, R. L. 1950. Diptera. Family Tipulidae. (IN: Handbooks for the 



235 

identification of British insects. R. ent. See. Lond., Vol. IX, Pt. 2, 
pp. I — 66, 30 figs.). 
Czerny, Leander. 1930. 38b. Neottiophilidae. (IN: Lindner, Die Fliegen 
der palaearktischen Region. Band 5, Pt. i, Nagele, Stuttgart, pp. 
9—15, i6Textfig.). 

— . 1932. 50. Lauxaniidae ( Sapromyzidae ) . Ibid. Band 5, Pt. 2, pp. 
I — 76, 37 Textabb., i Taf. 

— . (?). 53. Helomyzidae -)- Trichoscelidae -\- Chiromyidae. Ibid. pp. 
I — 56, 43 Textabb. 

Downes, William L., Jr. 1953. The Sarcophaginae of Iowa with special 
reference to the identification of females. Unpublished Master's 
Thesis, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa, iii-(-i95, ^^S ^iS^- 

Duda, Oswald. 1929. 5. Scatopsidae. (IN: Lindner, Die Fliegen der 
palaearktischen Region. Band 2, Pt. i, Nagele, Stuttgart, pp. i — 62, 
64 Textabb., 3 Taf.). 

— . 1930. 4. Bibionidae. Ibid., pp. i — 75, 29 Textabb., 2 Taf. 

— • 1933- 61. Chloropidae. Ibid., Band 6, Pt. i, Nagele, Stuttgart, pp. 
I — 248, 21 Textabb., 3 Taf. 

— . 1938. 57. Sphaeroceridae (Cypselidae) . Ibid., pp. i — 182, 13 
Textabb., 6 Taf. 

Frey, Richard. 1942. Entwurf einer neuen Klassifikation der Miicken- 
familie Sciaridae (Lycoriidae). Notul. ent., Helsingf., 22: i — 44, 
12 Fig. 

— , 1948. Ibid. II. De nordeuropaischen Arten. Ibid., 27: 33 — 92, 136 
Fig. 

Goetghebuer, Maurice und Friedrich Lenz. 1934. 13a. Heleidae (Cerato- 

pogonidae). (IN: Lindner, Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region. 

Band 3, Pt. 2, Nagele, Stuttgart, pp. i — 133, 177 Textabb., 12 Taf.). 
Hall, David G. 1948. The blowflies of North America. Thomas Say 

Foundation, (no place of publication given), pp. i — 477, 46 plates. 
Hennig, Willi. 1937. 60a. Milichiidae et Carnidae. (IN: Lindner, Die 

Fliegen der palaearktischen Region. Band 6, Pt. i, Nagele, Stuttgart, 

pp. I — 91, 100 Textabb.). 

— . 1943. 40. Piophilidae. Ibid., Band 5, Pt. i, pp. i — 52, 32 Textabb., 
3 Taf. 

Hull, Frank M. 1949. The morphology and inter-relationship of the 
genera of syrphid flies, recent and fossil. Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 
26 (4) : 257—408, 25 figs. 

James, Maurice T. 1955. The blowflies of California (Diptera: Callipho- 
ridae). Bull. Calif. Insect Survey, 4(1): i — 34, i fig., 2 plates. 

Johnson, Charles W. 1925. List of the diptera or two-winged flies. Fauna 
of New England. 15. Occ. Pap. Boston Soc. nat. Hist., 7: i — 326. 

Krober, Otto. 1925. 19. Tabanidae. (IN: Lindner, Die Fliegen der palae- 
arktischen Region. Band 4, Pt. i, Nagele, Stuttgart, pp. i — 146, 71 
Textabb., 3 Taf.). 

— . 1926. 27. Omphralidae (Scenopinidae). Ibid., Band 4, Pt. 3, pp. 
1—8, Textfig. 16, I Taf. 



236 

Landrock, Karl. 1927. 8. Fungivoridae (Mycetophilidae). Ibid., Band 2, 
Pt. I, pp. I — 195, 27 Textabb., 13 Taf. 

Lengersdorf, Franz. 1930. 7. Lycoriidae (Sciaridae). Ibid., pp. i — 71, 
29 Textfig., 4 Taf. 

Malloch, J. R. 1 915. The Chironomidae, or midges, of Illinois, with par- 
ticular reference to the species occuring in the Illinois River. 
Bull. 111. Lab. nat. Hist., 10 (6) : 275—543, pl^tes XVII— XL. 

Osten Sacken, C. R. 1878. Catalogue of the described diptera of North 
America. 2nd ed. Smithson. Misc. Coll., Part of Vol. 16, No. 270, 
XLVI— 276. 

Richards, O. W. 1930. The British species of Sphaeroceridae (Borbori- 
dae, Diptera). Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., (year 1930): 261 — 345, 23 
figs., I plate. 

Sabrosky, Curtis W. 1956. The nomenclature of Protocalliphora (Dip- 
tera: Calliphoridae). Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond., Series B., 25 (9 — 10) : 

175—179- 
Sack, Pius. 1932. 31. Syrphidae. (IN: Lindner, Die Fliegen der palae- 
arktischen Region. Band 4, Pt. 4. Nagele, Stuttgart, pp. i — 451, 389 
Textabb., 18 Taf.). 

— , 1935. 32. Dorylaidae (Pipunculidae) . /&zW., pp. i — 57, 23 Textabb., 
3 Taf. 

Schmitz, Hermann. 1929. Revision der Phoriden. Diimmlers, Berlin u. 
Bonn, pp. I — 212, 49 Abb., 2 Taf. 
— • . 1952. 33. Phoridae. (IN: Lindner, Die Fliegen der palaearktischen 
Region. Band 4, Pt. 4, Lief. 171, Nagele, Stuttgart, pp. 273 — 320, 15 
Textfig., I Taf.). 

Seguy, Eugene. 1928. Etudes sur les mouches parasites. Tome I. Conopi- 
des, Oestrides et Calliphorines de I'Europe Occidentale. (IN: En- 
cyclopedic Entomologique, Serie A. — Travaux Generaux, IX.). 
Lechevalier, Paris, pp. i — 251, 300 figs. 

— . 1934. Dipteres (Brachyceres) (Muscidae Acalypterae et Scatopha- 
gidae). (IN: Faune de France. 28. Lechevalier, Paris, pp. i — 832, 
903 figs., 27 planches). 

— ■ . 1937. Diptera. Family Muscidae. (IN: Wytsman, Genera Insecto- 
rum. Fasc. 205, Desmet-Verteneuil, Bruxelles, pp. i — 604, 9 plates). 

— . 1 94 1. Etudes sur les mouches parasites. Tome II. Calliphorides, 
Calliphorines (suite), Sarcophagines et Rhinophorines de I'Europe 
Occidentale et Meridionale. (IN: Encyclopedic Entomologique, 
Serie A. — Travaux Generaux, XXI, Lechevalier, Paris, pp. i — 
436, 489 figs.). 

— . 1952. Diptera. Family Scatophagidae. (IN: Wytsman, Genera In- 
sectorum. Fasc. 209, Desmet-Verteneuil, Bruxelles, pp. i — 107, 44 
figs.). 

Order EMBIOPTERA 

Undetermined 

Lent, 1939: Pliaccllodomus rufifrons sincipitalis Cabanis. 



237 



Order HEMIPTERA 
Undetermined 

Boyd, 1951 : Chaetura pelagic a, swallow. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Bird's nest. 

Eichler, 1944: Birds' nests. 

Fairmaire, 1852: Hirondelle ordinaire. 

Girault, 1906: Hirundo julva, H. americana. 

Godan, 1952: Pigeon. 

Hindwood, 1951: Birds' nests. 

Leleup, 1947c: Hirundo rustica rustica L., Delichon urhica urbica L. 

Lent, 1939: Pliacellodomus rufifrons sincipitalis Cabanis. 

Mazza and Schreiber, 1938: Phacellodomus silibatrix (furnarido) 

("coreideos") . 
Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae, Nycticorax sp. 
Schedl, 1935: Swallow. 
Seidel, 1932: Birds' nests. 
Steinvorth, 1872 — 1873: Swallow. 
T(rouessart), 1875: Hirundo urbica. 
Uhlmann, 1938: Sparrow. 
Wiilker, 1925: Rabenkrahe, Eichelhaher. 

Family ANTHOCORIDAE 
Undetermined 

Costa Lima, da, 1940: Birds' nests. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp., bird's nest. 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. corone L. 

Weber, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Anthocoris confusus Reuter 
Edwards, 1925a: Birds" nests; {Anthocoris confusus). 

Anthocoris flavipes Reuter 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 
— , 1948: Columba domestica L. 

Anthocoris nemoralis (Fabricius) 
Butler and Palmer, 1929: Birds' nests; {Anthocoris nemoralis F.). 

Anthocoris nemorum (Linnaeus) 
Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests; {Anthocoris nemorum, A. sylvestris). 

Asthenidea temnostethoides Reuter 
Hicks, 1953: T Urdus migratorius migratorius L. 



238 

Cardiastethus inquilinus Delamare-Deboutteville 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp., Estrilda sp., 
bird's nest. 

Lyctocoris sp. 

Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae. 

Lyctocoris (Lyctocoris) campestris (Fabricius) 
Blair, 1931 : Rook; {Lyctocoris campestris ¥.). 
Blatchley, 1926: Swallow; {Lyctocoris campestris (F.)). 
Boyd, 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

— , 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 

1952: Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw, swallow; (Lyctocoris 
campestris). 

Butler, 1923: Pigeon; {Lyctocoris campestris ¥.). 

Butler and Palmer, 1929: Birds' nests; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

Cornelius, 1869: Hirundo urhica; (Lyctocoris domestica). 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

Douglas, 1871 : Hirundo urhica; (Lyctocoris domestica). 

Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests; (Lyctocoris campestris). 

Essig, 1942: Pigeon, swallow; {Lyctocoris campestris ¥.). 

Fieber, 1861 : Swallow; {Lyctocoris domesticus Schill.). 

Frank, 1913: Swallow; {Lyctocoris campestris ¥.). 

Guide, 1941 : Birds' nests; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

Hicks, 1953: Dumetella carolinensis (L.) ; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

Hiieber, 1893: Swallow; {Lyctocoris campestris Y.) . 

Jellison, 1940: Buteo sp., Asio wilsonianus; {Lyctocoris campes- 
tris (F.)). 

Kemper, 1936: Swallow; {Lyctocoris campestris Y .) . 
■ — , 1938: Delichon urhica L., Hirundo rustica L., Haustaube; (Lycto- 
coris campestris). 

— , 1938a: Grosser Buntspecht, Mehlschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe, 
Haustaube; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

— , 1938b: Swallow, birds' nests; (Lyctocoris campestris). 
Levi, 1 941: Pigeon; (Lyctocoris campestris). 

Linsley, 1944: Birds' nests; {Lyctocoris campestris ¥.). 

Mason, 1888: Pigeon; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Dryohates major L.; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

Reclaire, 1936: Pigeon; {Lyctocoris campestris ¥.). 

Renter, 191 3: Swallow; {Lyctocoris campestris Y .) . 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: House martin; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

Scholz, 1931 : Dohle; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L.; {Lyctocoris domesticus, L. 

domesticus Schill.). 
Thomas, 1938: Pigeon, birds' nests; {Lyctocoris campestris F.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), DelicJion urhica (L.), Hi- 



239 

rundo rustica L., Columba sp., Corvus monedula L.; {Lyctocoris 

campestris (F.) ). 
Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.); {Lyctocoris 

campestris (F.) ). 
Zacher, 1939a: Birds' nests; {Lyctocoris campestris L.). 

Lyctocoris cohici Delamare-Deboutteville 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Lyctocoris 
cohici). 

— , 1952: P/oc^'Ui^ sp., bird's nest. 

Orius majusculus (Reuter) 
Eichler, i936d: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Thriphleps (sic) majusculus 

Reut.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.); {Triphleps majuscula Reut.). 

— , 1948: Motacilla alba L., Hirundo rustica L., stork., {Triphleps 
majuscula Reut.). 

Thompson, 1935b: Hirundo r. rustica L.; {Triphleps majusculus Reut.). 

Orius minutus (Linnaeus) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Speckled magpie; {Triphleps minuta L.). 

Xylocoris sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Estrilda sp., bird's nest. 

Family CIMIGIDAE 
Undetermined 

Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951 : Birds' nests. 
Anonymous, 1922: Swallow. 

— , 1925: Swallow, birds' nests. 
Back and Bishopp, 1942: Pigeon. 
Beier, 1937a: Birds' nests. 

Butler, 1896: Pigeon, martin, swallow. 

Chandler, 1 949 : Sparrow, starling, pigeon. 

d'Abadie, 1922: Swallow. 

Eichler, 1937: Amsel, Star, Sperling, Rotschwanze, Meise, Schwalbe. 

— , 1939b: Martula urbica L., Progne subis L. 

— , 1948: Birds' nests. 
Frickhinger, 1937: Wilder Tauben. 
Girault, 1 906 : Swallow, pigeon. 
Guide, 1941 : Swallow, Taubenschlag. 
Hase, 1924: Sparrow, swallow, pigeon. 
Hermann, 1804: Hirondelle de cheminee. 
Herter, 1953: Birds' nests. 
Hoffmann, 1913a: Pigeon. 

Howard and Marlatt, 1902: Barn swallow, pigeon, English martin. 
Kemper, 1928: Swallow, Taubenschlag. 



240 

Kemper, 1935: Swallow, pigeon. 

- — , 1936: Pigeon. 

— ■ , 1937: Swallow, pigeon. 
Kirichenko, 1949: Birds' nests. 
Kiinkel, 1907: Hirundo urbica. 
Martini, 1929: Swallow. 
Massee, 1949: Pigeon. 
Myers, 1927: ?barn swallow. 
Osborn, 1896: Swallow, pigeon. 
Paulian, 1950: Nycticorax sp. 
Penecke, 1898: Hirundo urbica. 
Reiber, 1881 — 1882: Cypselus rnurarius. 
Reichenow and Wiilker, 1929: Birds' nests. 
Renter, 1913: Griinspecht {Gecinus viridus (sic)). Star, Collocalia lin- 

chi Horsf. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Hirundo rustica erythrogaster, Progne subis, 

Furnarius rufus. 
Seguy, 1946: Birds' nests. 
Speiser, 1909: Swallow, pigeon. 
Staveley, 1871: Pigeon. 
Szidat, 1942: Pigeon. 

Taschenberg, 1880 a: Swallow, Taubenschlag. 
Thompson, 1935: Delichon urbica urbica. 

— , 1953: Birds' nests. 
Wilhelmi, 1936: Swallow. 
Woodroffe and Southgate, 1 95 1 b : House martin. 

Gimex sp. 

Bezzi, 1896: Pigeon, swallow, pivert; [Acanthia sp.). 

Cornelius, 1869: Hirundo urbica, Passer domesticus; {Acanthia sp.). 

Douglas, 1897a: Pigeon, swallow; {Acanthia sp.). 

Eichler, 1950: Dendrocopus (sic) major pinetorum, Sturnus vulgaris 

vulgaris, Muscicapa hypoleuca hypoleuca, Parus major major. 
Frei-Gessner, 1864: Cypselus apus; {Acanthia sp.) . 
Girault, 1906: Hirurido sp., swallow; {Acanthia sp.). 
Hase, 1938: Hirundo urbica L. 
Kirichenko, 1949: Ardea purpurea L. 
Noller, 1920: Hirundo urbica. 

Nordberg, 1936: Certhia familiaris L.; {Acanthia sp.). 
Patton, 1931 : Swallow, pigeon, starling. 
Stein, 1843: Hirundo urbica L. 
Taschenberg, 1883: Swallow, Taubenschlag; {Acanthia sp.). 

Gimex columbarius Jenyns 

Alcock, 191 1 : Pigeon. 

Baudet, 1929: Taubenschlagen, Tauben; {Cimex columbarius Jenyns 
(Acanthia columbaria)) . 



241 

Brumpt, 1949: Pigeon; {Cimex columharius (Jenyns)). 

Butler, 1923: Pigeon. 

Castellarnau, 1950: Dove, pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

Chandler, 1949: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

Chatton and Blanc, 1 9 1 8 : Pigeon. 

Cummings, 19 18: Pigeon. 

Denny, 1842: Pigeon. 

de Sequeira, 1944: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

Douglas, 1867: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

— , 1871 : Pigeon; {Acanthia columbaria Jenyns). 
Drenski, 1928: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius h.) . 

Dubois, 1886 — 1888: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius Jenynson) . 

du Buysson, 1923a: Pigeon. 

Eichler, 1935: Taubenschlag; (Cimex columbarius). 

— , 1937: Taubenschlag. 
Essig, 1942: Pigeon. 
Fiebiger, 1947: Pigeon. 

Gedoelst, 191 1: Pigeon; ( Clino cor is columbarius) . 

Glover, 1876: Pigeon; (Acanthia columbaria Jenyns). 

Grzimek, 1944: Taubenschlag; (Cimex columbaris (sic)). 

Hegner, Cort, and Root, 1923: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

Hofmanner, 1928: ?Taubenschlag. 

Hutyra, Marek, and Manninger, 1946: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

Johnson, 1939: Pigeon. 

Kassianoff, 1937a: Pigeon. 

Kemper, 1938a: Taubenschlag. 

Lahaye, 1931: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

Mallis, 1945: Pigeon. 

Mason, 1888: Pigeon; (Acanthia columbaria Jen.). 

Megnin, 1880: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius (Jenyns)). 

Menegaux, 1939: Colombiers; (Cimex columbarius). 

Michalk, 1936 — 1937: Pigeon, swallow. 

Moens, 1925: Pigeon. 

Muzik, 191 1 : Pigeon. 

Neumann, 1941: Pigeon. 

Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Pigeon. 

Noller, 19 19: Taubenschlag. 

Osborn, 1915: Pigeon; (Acanthia columbarius Jenyns). 

Packard, 1883: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

Patton, 1926: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

— , 1 931: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 
Patton and Cragg, 1913: Pigeon. 

Railliet, 1895: Pigeon; (Acanthia columbaria (Jenyns)). 
Reclaire, 1936: Pigeon. 

Reinhardt, 1950: Taubenschlag; (Cimex columbarius). 
Reuter, 19 13: Taubenschlag. 



242 

Riley and Johannsen, 1915: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

— , 1932: Pigeon; (Cimex columbarius). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Domestic pigeon; {Cimex columbarius 

(Jenyns)). 
Rye, 1873: Pigeon; [Acarithia columbaria Jenyns). 
Saunders, 1892: Pigeon. 
Scholz, 1931 : Birds' nests. 
Seguy, 1924: Pigeon. 

— , 1944: Pigeon; {Cimex columbarius (Jenyns)). 
Sergent, 1909a: Birds' nests. 

Stichel, 1938: Pigeon. 

Theobald, 1897: Pigeon; { Ac ant hia columbaria Jenyns). 
Ward and Gallagher, 1920: Pigeon; {Cimex (Acanthia) columbara 
(sic)). 

Cimex lectularius Linnaeus 
Bergsoe, 19 15: Pigeon; (Acanthia lectularia). 
Blester and DeVries, 1943: Pigeon; (Cimex lectularius). 
Blester and Schwarte, 1952: Pigeon; (Cimex lectularius). 
Djonic, 1937: Hirundo urbicah.; {Cimex (Acanthia) lectularia L.). 

— , 1937a: Hirundo urbicah.; {Cimex (Acanthia) lectularius h.) . 
Dobner, 1862: Pigeon; {Acanthia lectularia F.) . 

Douglas, 1897: Pigeon; (Acanthia lectularia). 

Flor, i860: Pigeon; (Acanthia lectularia L.). 

Godan, 1952: Sperling, Schwalbe, birds' nests; (Cimex lectularius). 

Guide, 1921 : Pigeon. Taubenschlag. 

Hase, 1935: Pigeon, Amsel, Rotschwanz, Star, Meise, Schwalbe, Sperling. 
— ■ , 1938: Pigeon, Sperling, Star, Rauchschwalbe (Hirundo rustica), 
Colaeus (sic) monedula L. Hirundo urbica L.; (Acanthia lectula- 
ria). Chelidon urbica; {Acanthia lectularia L.). 

Horvath, 191 2: Pigeon. 

— , 1 9 14: Pigeon. 
Hiieber, 1893: Pigeon. 

Kemper, 1936: Swallow, Taubenschlag, Sperling. 

— , 1938a: Haustaube, Dohle, Mehlschwalbe (?). 
- — ■ , i938d: Swallow. 

Kolbe, 1905: Pigeon; (Cimex lectularius). 
Levi, 1 941: Pigeon; (Cimex lectularius). 
Low, 1867: Chelidon urbica Boie.; {Acanthia lectularia L.). 
Megnin, 1880: Pigeon, swallow; {Acanthia lectularia F., Cimex lectula- 
ria L.). 
Michalk, 1936 — 1937: Taubenschlag. 
Moens, 1925: Pigeon. 
Nordlinger, 1869: Taubenstallen. 
Nordberg. 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L. 
Packard, 1883: Swallow. 
Resch, 1874: Swallow; {Acanthia lectularia L.). 



243 

Reuter, 1913: Pigeon. 

Rossi, de, i860: Hirundo urbica L.; (Acanthia lectularia). 

Roubal, 1 91 3: Jackdaw, starling, sparrow, magpie: {Acanthias (sic) 

lectularia) . 
Schummel, 1858: Swallow; (Cimex lectularius) . 
Snellen van VoUenhoven, 1878: Pigeon; {Acanthia lectularia L.). 
Vogel, 1932: Taubenschlag. 

Walsh and Riley, 1869: Pigeon; {Acanthia lectularia L. ). 
Wendt. 1937: Swallow; {Cimex lectularia L.). 
AVood, 1872: House martin; (Acanthia lectularia). 

Cimex peristerae (Rothschild) 
Eysell, 1924: Taubenschlag; {Cimex peristerae Rothschild). 
Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Pigeon; {Cimex peristerae Kothschild) . 
Reuter, 1913: Taubenschlag: {Cimex peristerae Rothschild). 
Rothschild, 191 2: Pigeon; {Clinocoris peristerae 'Kot\\?,c\n\d) . 

Cimex pipistrelli Jenyns 
Britten, 19 16: Woodpecker. 

Gillette, 1890: Barn swallow; {Ahcanthia (sic) papistrilla (sic)). 
Girault, 1906: Barn swallow; (Acanthia pipistrellae). 
Hofmanner, 1928: ?Schwalbe. 
Hoi-vath, 1 91 3: Sparrow, starling, jackdaw, magpie; {Cimex dissimilis 

Horvath). 
Roubal, 191 7: Bird's nest; {Cimex dissimilis Horvath). 

Cimex rotundatus Signoret 
Distant, 19 10: Common swift (Calcutta). 

Fletcher, 1920: Mynah; (Clinocoris hemipterus (Cimex rotundatus)). 
Godan, 1952: Sperling, swallow, bird's nest; (Cimex rotundatus). 
Hase. 1931 : Acridotheres tristis L.; (Cimex rotundatus). 

— , 1938: Pigeon, swallow. 
Horvath, 191 2: Common swift (India) ; {Cimex hemipterus F.). 

— • , 1914: Pigeon; {Cimex hemipterus F.) . 
Moans, 1925: Swallow; (Cimex rotundatus). 
Pinto, 1930: Birds' nests; {Cimex hemipterus (F.)). 

Cimexopsis nyctalis List 

List, 1925: Chaetura pelagica. 

Riley and Johannsen, 1932: Chaetura pelagica; {Cimexopsis nyctolis 
(sic) List). 

Haematosiphon inodorus (Duges) 
Biester and Schwarte, 1952: California condor, great horned owl; (Hae- 
matosiphon inodora). 
Lahaye, 1931: Pigeon; (Cimex inodorus). 

Usinger, 1947: Gymnogyps californianus (Shaw), Bubo virginianus 
(Gmelin), owls; {Haematosiphon inodora (Duges)). 



244 

Hesperocimex coloradensis List 
Horvath, 1912: Progne purpurea; {Oeciacus vicarius Horvath). 
Lee and Ryckman, 1955: Progne suhis. 
List, 1925: Progne purpurea. 
Riley and Johannsen, 1932: Progne purpurea. 

Oeciacus sp. 

Back and Bishopp, 1 942 : Swallow. 

Chandler, 1949: Swallow. 

Jellison, 1940: Swallow; {'^Oeciacus sp.). 

Oeciacus hirundinis (Jenyns) 

Alcock, 191 1 : House martin; [Cimex hirundinis Jenyns). 

Bacot, 1921 : House martin; (Cimex hirundinis). 

Baudet, 1929: Schwalben; [Cimex hirundinis Jenyns). 

Biester and DeVries, 1943: Swallow, barn swallow; (Oeciacus hirundi- 
nis) . 

Brumpt, 1949: Swallow; [Oecacius (sic) hirudinis (sic) (Jenyns)). 

Butler, 1923: House martin, swallow, sand martin, swift, house sparrow, 
owl, barn swallow; (Cimex hirundinis Jenyns). 

Castellarnau, 1950: Swallow; (Cimex hirundinis). 

Chatton and Blanc, 19 18: Swallow; {Cimex hirundinis Jenyns). 

Cummings, 19 18: Swallow, martin; (Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 

Donisthorpe, 1935: Chelidon urhica L.; (Oeciacus hirundiriis Jen.). 

Douglas, 1867: House martin; (Cimex hirundinis). 

— , 1871: Hirundo urhica, Passer domesticus; (Acanthia hirundinis 
Jenyns). 

Douglas and Scott, 1865: Hirundinis urbicae; (Acanthia hirundinis). 
Drenski, 1928: Hirundo urbica, H. rustica, H. riparia. Passer domestica; 

(Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.) . 
Dubois, 1886 — 1888: Hirondelles de rivage; (Cimex hirundinis Jenyn- 

son). 
du Buysson, 1923a: Hirundo urbica Temm.; (Cimex hirundinis Jen.). 
Eichler, 1935: Delichon urbica urbica (L.), owl, Hirundo rustica rustica 

L., Riparia riparia riparia (L.), Micropus apus apus (L.), Passer 

domesticus domesticus (L.) ; (Oeciacus hirundinis). 
— • , 1936: Mehlschwalbe; (Oeciacus hirundinis). 

— , 1937: Mehlschwalbe, Sperling, Micropus apus L., Hirundo rustica 
L., Riparia riparia L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Delichon urbica L.; 
(Oeciacus hirundinis hirundinis). 

— , 1940: Martula urbica urbica L.; (Oeciacus hirundinis hirundinis 
Jenyns). 

— ■ , 1 94 1 : Swallow ; (Schwalbenwanzen) . 

— , 1942: Martula urbica urbica L.; (Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.). 

— , 1950: Mehlschwalbe, Haussperling; (Oeciacus hirundinis). 

— , 1952: Mehlschwalbe; (Oeciacus hirundinis ]en\r\s) . 



245 

Essig, 1942: Swallow, martin ; [O eciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 
Fiebiger, 1947: Swallow; {Cimex hiru7idinis Jenyns) . 
Fox, 1925: Swallow; {Oeciacus hirundinus (sic) Jenyns). 
Frank, 1913: "Matinets", swallow, Uferschwalbe, Stallschwalbe ; {Oecia- 
cus hirundinis Jenyns). 
Galli-Valerio, 1922: Hirundo rustica; {Acanthia hirundinis ham.) . 

— . 1930: Chelidon urbica: [Acanthia ciliata Evers. (= hirundinis 

- — ■ , 1930a: Hirundo rustica, Chelidon urbica; [Acanthia hirundinis 
Lam.). 

— , 1931 : Cypsclus apus; [Acanthia ciliata Evers.). 
Gedoelst, 191 1: Swallow; (Oeciacus hirundinis). 

Goddard, 1935: Collected in sparrow's nest in old martin's nest; [Ci- 
mex (Oeciacus) hirundinis Jen.) . 
Gravenhorst, 1832: Swallow; [Acauthia (sic) hirundinis). 
Guide, 192 1 : Swallow; (Oeciacus hirundinis). 

— , 1941 : Mehlschwalbe. Rauchschwalbe, Uferschwalbe, Haussperling, 
Mauersegler; [Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 

Halbert, 1935: Swallow, house martin, sand martin; [Oeciacus hirundi- 
nis Jenyns). 

Hase, 1937: Swallow; [Oeciacus hirundinis ]enyn?,). 

— , 1938: Cypselus apus L.; [Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). Birds' 
nests; (Oeciacus hirundinis). Chelidon urbica; [Acanthia ciliata 
Evers. [^= hirundinis ]enyns) ) . 

Hegner, Cort, and Root, 1923: Swallow; (Cimex hirundinis). 

Hennicke, 1901 : Chelidonaria urbica L.; [Acanthia hirundinis Jen.). 

Herter, 1953: Swallow, Mauersegler, Haussperling; (Oeciacus hirundi- 
nis). 

Hoffmann, 1913: Swallow; [Cimex (Oeciacus) hirundinis ]gns. (sic)). 

— , 1913a: Hirundo urbica, H. rustica; [Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 
Horvath, 1910: Swallow; [Oeciacus hirundinis ]en.). 

— , 1912: Swallow; [Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.). 

Howard, 1902a: Barn swallow; [Aeciacus (sic) hirundinis Jenyns) . 

Hiieber, 1893: Martinet, swallow, Hirundinis urbicae, martin; [Cimex 
hirundinis Jenyns). 

Imms, 1934: Martin; [Oeciacus hirudinis (sic) Jenyns). 

Jenyns, 1839: Martin; [Cimex hirundinis Jenyns) . 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Chelidonaria urbica; (Oeciacus hirundi- 
nis) . 

Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe. Hausschwalbe: [Acanthia hirundinis 
Jenyns). 

Kassianoff, 1937a: Swallow; [Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 

Kemner, 1925: Swallow; [Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.) . 

Kemper, 1936: Swallow; [Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 

— , 1938: Delichon urbica L.; (Oeciacus hirundinis). 

— , 1938 a: Mehlschwalbe, Haussperling, Rauchschwalbe, Ufer- 
schwalbe, Mauersegler, owl; [Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 



246 

Kemper, 1938 b: Swallow; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns) . 

— , i938d: Swallow, Mehlschwalbe ; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.). 
Kohler, 1832 (?) : Swallow; (Acanthia hirundinis). 

Lameere, 1946: Swallow; (Oeciacus hirundinis). 

Le Gendre, 1923: Hirundo urbica Temm.; {Cimex hirundinis Jen.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Delichon urbica L.; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.). 

Leidy, 1877: Cliff swallow ; (Cimex hirundinis). 

Liihmann, 1937: Mehlschwalbe; (Oeciacus hirundinis). 

Lugger, 1896: Swallow; {Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns) . 

— , 1896a: Swallow; {Acanthia hirundinis ]enyns) . 

— , 1900: Swallow; {Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns) . 

Mallis, 1945: European barn swallow: {Oeciacus hirundinus (sic) 

(Jenyns)). 
Massee, 1954: Martin. 

Megnin, 1880: Swallow; {Cimex hirundinis (L. Jennius)). 
Menegaux, 1939: Delichon u. urbica (L.) ; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.). 
Michalk, 1936 — 1937: Swallow; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns) . 
Moens, 1925: Swallow, starling; {Cimex (Oeciacus) hirundinis Jenyns) . 
Miiller, 1931 : Hausschwalbe ; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.). 
Muzik, 191 1 : Hirundo rustica, H. urbica, H. riparia, Cypselus apus: 

{Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 
Myers, 1927: ?barn swallow; {Cimex hirundinis Jenyns). 
Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Swallow. 
Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.), Riparia riparia riparia 

(L.) ; (Oeciacus hirundinis hirundinis). 
Nordberg, 1936: Delichon urbica L.; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 
Osborn, 1892: Barn swallow; (Cimex hirundinis). 

— • , 1892a: Swallow; {Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns) . 

■ — , 1896: Barn swallow; {Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns). Hirundinis 
urbica; (Cimex hirundinis). 

— ■ , 1 9 1 5 : Barn swallow ; {Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns) . 
Otten, 1941 : Delichon urbica L.; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 
Parshley, 1914: Swallow; {Clinocoris ? hirundinis Jenyns) . 
Patton, 1926: Swallow, martin; (Cimex hirundinis). 

— , 1931: Hirundinis urbicae; (Cimex hiruyidinis). 

Patton and Cragg, 1913: Hirundinis urbicae; (Cimex hirundinis). 
Pawlowsky, 1927: Helidon (sic) urbica, Hirundo rustica; {Oeciacus 

hirundinis Jenyns) . 
Pinto, 1930: Swallow; {Cimex hirundinis Jenyns) . 
Plath, 1919c: Petrochelidon albifrons Say; {Oecacus (sic) (Acanthia) 

hirundinis Jen.). 
Reiber and Puton, 1875 — 1876: Cypselus murarius; {Cimex hiruyidinis 

Jenyns). 
Reuter, 1913: Hirundo urbica; {Cimex nidularius Rondani). Hirundo 

urbica, swallow, Hirundo riparia, Cypselus apus, Passer domesti- 

cus, Hausschwalbe, owl; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.). 
Riley and Johannsen, 1915: Swallow; (Cimex hirundinis). 

— , 1932: Swallow; (Cimex hirundinis). 



247 

Rondani, 1842: Hi) undo urbica; [Cimex nidularius Rond.). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: House martin; [Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns) 
Roy, 1946: Swallow; (Cimex hirundinis Jen.) . 
Sahlberg, 1881: Swallow; {Acanthia hirundinis ]enyn%) . 
Saunders, 1892: Martin; {Cimex hirundinis Jen.) . 
Scholtz, 1847: Swallow; (Acanthia hirundinis). 
Scholz, 1 931: Uferschwalbe ; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 
Schramm, 1848: Swallow; (Acanthia hirundinis). 
Schulze, 1929: Chelidojiaria urbica L.; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.). 
Seguy, 1924: Swallow; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns) . 
- — • , 1929: Swallow; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyn%). 

— , 1932a: Swallow; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 

■ — , 1935a: Moineaux; {Oeciacus hirundinis (L.)). Hirundo urbica, 
{Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 

— , 1936: Swallow; (Oeciacus hirundinis) . 
— ■ , 1944: Swallow; (Oeciacus hirundinis). 

Sergent, 1909a: Birds' nests; (Cimex hirundinis). 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L.; {Acanthia hirundinis, Acan- 
thia hirundinis Jenyns) . 
Smith, 1909: Swallow; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns) . 
Southgate and Woodroffe, 1950: House martin. 
Southwood, 1954: House martin; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 
Stresemann, 1934: Swallow; {Cimex (Oeciacus) hirundinis Jenyns) . 
Szekessy, 1948: Delichon urbica L.; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns). 
Thompson, 1935: Delichon urbica urbica: (martin-bugs). 

— , 1938b: Delichon u. urbica (L.). 

Tullgren and Wahlgren, 1922: Swallow; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.) . 
Wegelin, 1934: Mehlschwalbe; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.) . 
Wendt, 1937: Delichon urbica (L.), Rauchschwalbe ; {Oeciacus hirundi- 
nis Jen.). 

— , 1938: Swallow; {Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.) . 

— , 1939: Delichon urbica L., Hirundo rustica L.; {Oeciacus hirundi- 
nis Jen.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Oeciacus vicarius Horvath 

Baerg, 1944: Petrochelidon albifrons albifrons (Raf.). 

Blester and DeVries, 1943: Swallow, barn swallow; (Oeciacus vicarius). 

Blester and Schwarte, 1952: Swallow, barn swallow; (Oeciacus vica- 
rius) . 

Blatchley, 1926: Cliff swallow, chimney swift. 

Brumpt, 1949: Petrochelidon lunifrons; {Oecacius (sic) vicarius Hor- 
vath). 

Castellani and Chalmers, 19 19: Martin, swallow; (Oeciacus vicarius). 

Chandler, 1949: Swallow; (Oeciacus vicarius). 

Eichler, 1935: Petrochelidon lunifrons (Say). 

Essig, 1942: Swallow; {Oeciacus vicarius (Horvath)). 

Fox, 1925: Swallow. 



248 

Gregson, 1949: Bluebird. 

Hegner, Cort, and Root, 1923: Swallow, (Cimex vicarius). 
Horvath, 1912: Swallow. 
Jellison, 1940: Barn swallow. 
Johnson, 1925: Chimney swift. 
Leonard, 1926: Chimney swift. 
List, 1925: Swallow; (Oeciacus vicarius). 
Mail, 1940: Swallows at Banff, Alberta, Canada. 

Mallis, 1 945 : House swallow in United States and Canada, birds' nests. 
Matheson, 1950: Swallow. 
Miles, 1 95 1 : Birds' nests. 

Myers, 1927: Swallow; (Oecicacus vicarus). Pctrochelidon lunifrons 
(Say). 

— , ig2S: Petrochelidon lunifrons (Say). 
Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Swallow. 

Patton, 1931 : House swallow in America and Canada: (Cimex vicarius). 

Pinto, iQ-^o: Progne purpurea; {Cimex vicarius (Horvath)). 

Reis, Nobrega, and Reis, 1936: Swallow: {Acciacius (sic) vicarius 

Horvath) . 
Reuter, 19 13: Swallow, Progne purpurea. 
Riley and Johannsen, 19 15: Swallow; (Oeciacus vicarius). 

— , 1932: Swallow; (Oeciacus vicarius). 
Spencer, 1930: Swallow. 

— , 1934: Petrochelidon lunifrons (Say), Hirundo erythrogastra (sic) 
Bodd. 

Ornithocoris furnarii (Cordero and Vogelsang) 
Carvalho, 1939: Furnarius rufus Gm. 

Cordero and Vogelsang, 1928: Furnarius rufus Gm.; {Cimex furnarii 
Cord. & Vogel). 

— , 1928a: Furnarius rufus Gm.; {Cimex furnarii Cord. & Vog.). 
Costa Lima, da, 1940: Furnarius rufus; (Ornithocoris furnarii). 
Kassianoff, 1937: Swallow; {Cimex furnarii Cord. & Vogel.). 
Lent and Abalos, 1946: Birds' nests; {Cimex furnarii Cord. & Vog.). 
Pinto, 1930: Furnarius rufus Gm. 

— , ig'^8: Furnarius rufus. 

Snipes, Carvalho, and Tauber, 1940: Furnarius rufus. 

Ornithocoris toledoi Pinto 
Lent and Abalos, 1 946 : Birds' nests. 
Wygodzinsky, 1951 : Gorriones, Furnarius rufus. 

Ornithocoris uritui Lent and Abalos 

Lent and Abalos, 1946: Myiopsitta monacha cotorra (Vieillot). 
Wygodzinsky, 1951: Myiopsitta monacha cotorra, pajaro, cotorra, bird's 
nest. 



249 

Paracimex avium Kirichenko 
Kirichenko, 1913: Bird's nest. 
Pinto, 1930: Bird's nest. 

Synxenoderus comosus List 
List, 1925: Aeronautes melanoleucus. 

Family GOREIDAE 
Brachycarenus tigrinus (Schilling) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvidae, crow, magpie; (Brachycarenus tigrinus). 
Pica pica fennorum Lonb., Corvus comix L.; {Brachycarenus ti- 
grinus SchilL). 

Leptoglossus occidentalis Heidemann 
JelHson, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine), birds' nests. 

Family GERRIDAE 
Undetermined 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L. 

Family LYGAEIDAE 
Aphanus alboacuminatus (Goeze) 

Kirichenko, 1949: Crow, magpie; (Aphanus alboacuminatus) . Pica pica 
fennorum Lonb., Corvus comix L.; {Aphanus alboacuminatus 
Goeze). 

Aphanus quadratus (Fabricius) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L.; {Aphanus quadratus F.). 

Artheneis foveolata Spinola 

Kirichenko, 1949: Aegithalus castaneus Severtz. 

Emblethis denticollis Horvath 

Kirichenko, 1949: Crow, magpie; (Emblethis denticollis). Pica pica 
fennorum Lonb. 

Heterogaster rufescens Herrich-Schaeffer 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvidae; (Heterogaster cathariae). Corvus comix 
L.; {Heterogaster cathariae Schill.). 

Holcocranum saturejae (Kolenati) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Aegithalus castaneus Severtz; {Holcocranum satu- 
rejae KoL ) . 



250 

Ischnodemus sabuleti (Fallen) 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Swan; {Ischnodemus sabuleti Fall.). 

— , 1936: Swan; {Ischnodema sabuleti Fa\\.). 

— 5 1939' Swan; {Ischnodemus sabuleti Fall.). 

Lamprodema maurum (Fabricius) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Pica pica fennorum Lonb.; {Lampodema (sic) 77iau- 
rum L.). 

Lygaeus (Melanocoryphus) tristrami Douglas and Scott 
Kirichenko, 1949: Pica pica jennorum Lonb.; {Melanocoryphus 
tristrami Dgl.)- 

Metopoplax origani (Kolenati) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Speckled magpie ; {Metapoplax (sic) origani K.o\.) . 

Plinthisus hungaricus Horvath 

Kirichenko, 1949: Pica pica jennorum Lonb. 

Family MICROPHYSIDAE 
Loricula (Microphysa) elegantula (Baerensprung) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; {Loricula 
(Microphysa) elegantula). 

Family MIRIDAE 
Undetermined 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin; (Capsidae). 

Hindwood, 1951: Birds' nests. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L. 

Paulian, 1950: Foudia sakalava minor, Spermestes nana. 

Lygus kalmi (Linnaeus) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Pica pica fennorum Lonb., Corvus comix L., Cor- 
vidae; {Lygus kalmi L.). 

Family PENTATOMIDAE 
Undetermined 

Hindwood, 1951 : Birds' nests. 

Euschistus variolarius (Palisot-Beauvois) 
Davis, 1920: Red-eyed vireo; (Euschistus variolarius). 

Peribalus vernalis (Wolff) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvidae; (Peribalus vernalis). Corvus comix L.; 
{Peribalus vernalis L.). 



251 

Rhaphigaster nebulosa (Poda) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.l : [Raphigaster (sic) nebulosa Poda). 

Family PIESMIDAE 
Piesma cinerea (Say) 
Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L.; [Piesma cinerea Say). 

Family PLOIARIIDAE 

Ploiariola baerensprungi (Dohrn) 

Szekessy, 1948: Delichon urhica L.; {Ploiariola baerensprungi Dhrm. 

(sic)). 

Ploiariola culiciformis (DeGeer) 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvidae; (Ploiariola culiciformis). Pica pica fen- 

norum Lonb., speckled magpie; {Ploiariola culiciformis Deg.). 
Otten, 1941 : Delichon urbica L. ; {Ploiariola culiciformis Deg.). 

Family REDUVIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Paulian, 1950: Nycticorax sp. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests. 
Szekessy, 1948: Columba domestica L. 

AchoUa multispinosa (DeGeer) 

Hicks, 1953: Hedymeles liidovicianus (L.). 

Empicoris culiciformis (DeGeer) 

Southgate and Woodroffe, 1951 : Sparrow. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.) ; {Empicoris 
culiciformis Degeer) . 

Microtomus lunifer (Berg) 
Mazza, 1937: FAjaros, Myopsilla (sic) monacha cotorra (Vieill.). 

Oncocephalus plumicornis (Germar) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Phalacrocorax carbo L. ; {Oncocephalus plumicornis 
Germ.). 

Psammolestes sp. 

Lent, 1935: Phacelodomus (sic) rufifrons (Wied.j. 
Pinto and Lent, 1935: Birds' nests, Dendrocolaptidae. 
Usinger, ig^/^.: Phacelodomus (sic) rufifrons (Wied.). 



252 

Psammolestes arthuri (Pinto) 
Brumpt. 1949: Birds' nests: {Triatoma (Psammolestes) arthuri 

(Pinto) )^. 
Lent, 1939: Phacellodomus rufrifrons (sic) inornatus Ridgway. 

Psammolestes coreodes Bergroth 
Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951: Birds' nests, Phacellodomus rufrifons 

(sic), Myopsitta (sic) monacha cotorra, Phacellodomus rufifrons 

(con dos subespecies). 
Costa Lima, da, 1934: Synallaxis sp. 

— , ig^o : Phacelodomus (sic) rufifrons (Wied.). 

Lent, 1935: Phacelodomus (sic) rufifrons (Wied.), birds' nests. 

— , 1939: Phacellodomus rufifrons sincipitalis Cabanis, Phacellodo- 
mus rufifrons rufifrons (Wied.) ; [Psamolestes (sic) coreodes 
Bergroth). 

Mazza, 1936: Dendrocolaptidae, Myiopsilta (sic) monacha cotorra 
(Vieill.). 

— , 1939: Pajaros; (Psammolestes coreodes). 

— , 1940: Pajaros; (Psammolestes coreodes). 

Mazza, Basso, and Basso, 1936: Dendrocolaptidae, Psitacidae (sic). 

Mazza and Paterson, 1938: Pajaros, Dendrocolaptidae, Myiopsitta mo- 
nacha cotorra (Vieill.). 

Mazza and Schreiber, 1938: Dendrocolaptidae, Psitacidae (sic); (Psam- 
molestes coreodes). 

Neiva and Lent, 1936: Birds' nests; (Psammolestes coreodes). 

Reduvius personatus (Linnaeus) 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columha sp., Corvus monedula L. 

Rhodnius prolixus Stal 
Lent, 1948: Pigeon. 

Triatoma sp. 
Hase, 1932: Birds' nests. 
Lent, 1935: "Casaco de couro" or "ferreiro". 

— , 1939: ^Phacellodomus rufifrons. 

Triatoma delpontei Romafia and Abalos 

Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951 : Myopsitta (sic) monacha cotorraWeiWot, 

pajaros, cotorra. 
Brumpt, 1949: Bird's nest. 

Triatoma guasayna W^ygodzinsky and Abalos 
Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951 : Pigeon. 



253 

Triatoma infestans (Klug) 
Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951 : Birds' nests. 

Mazza, 1936: Pajaros, ?Dendrocolaptidae, Psitacidae (sic); (Triatoma 
infestans) . 

— , 1937: Pajaros, Myopsilla (sic) monacha cotorra (Vieill.) ; (Tria- 
toma infestans). 

— , 1940: Pajaros; (Triatoma infestans). 

Mazza, Basso, and Basso, 1936: Pajaros; (Triatoma infestans). Pseudo- 
seiura (sic) lophotes (Pacich) ; (Triatoma infestans). 
■ — , 1938: Pigeon; (Triatoma infestans). 
Mazza and Schreiber, 1938: Sparrow (probably Fringilla sp.), Strix sp.; 
(Triatoma infestans). 

Triatoma platensis Neiva 
Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951 : Birds' nests, Dendrocolaptidae. 
Brumpt, 1949: Psittaciformes. 
Mazza, 1936: Pajaros, ?Psitacidae (sic). 

— , 1939: Pajaros; (Triatoma platensis). 
■ — • , 1940: Pajaros; (Triatoina platensis). 

Mazza, Basso, and Basso, 1936: Pajaros, Pseudoseiura (sic) lophotes 
(Pacich). 

— , 1938: Pajaros; (Triatoma platensis). 

Mazza and Jorg, 1938: Pajaros, Dendrocolaptidae, Psittacidae. 
Mazza and Romaiia, 1936: Pajaro; (Triatoma platensis). 
Mazza and Schreiber, 1938: Pajaros, Pseudoseisura lophotes, Psitacidae 
(sic) de Malabrigo, loros, Phacellodomus silibatrix (sic). 

Triatoma rubrofasciata (DeGeer) 

Awati, 192 1 : Pigeon; {Conorhinus rubrofasciatus (DeGeer)). 

Brumpt, 1949: Pigeon. 

Hase, 1932: Pigeon. 

Lent, 1935: Pigeon. 

Mazza, Basso, and Basso, 1936: Pigeon; (Triatoma rubrofasciata). 

Neiva and Lent, 1936: Birds' nests; (Triatoma rubrofasciata) . 

Patton, 1 931: ?pigeon coops; (Triatoma rubrofasciata) . 

Triatoma sordida (Stal) 
Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951 : Bird's nest. 
Costa Lima, da, 1940: Passaros; {Triatoma sordida Sta.1) . 
Gomes, 1916: Turdus sp.: {Eutriatoma sordida (Stal)). 
Lent, 1935: Turdus sp.; {Eutriatoma sordida (Stal)). 
Mazza, Basso, and Basso, 1936: Pigeon; (Eutriatoma sordida). 
Neiva and Lent, 1936: Birds' nests; (Eutriatoma sordida). 
Pinto, 1930: Birds' nests. 



254 

Family TINGIDAE 
Undetermined 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin. 

Uncertain Position in the Order HEMIPTERA 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Carnptobro- 

chis intescens). 
Britton. 1940: Bycanistes cristatus Riipp.; [Chilocoris laevicollis Hor- 

vath). 
Resch, 1874: Swallow; {Boeus doniesticus "^xxrm.) . 

REFERENCES 

Abalos, J. W., and P. Wygodzinsky. 1951. Las Triatominae Argentinas 

(Reduviidae, Hemiptera). Monogr. Inst. Med. region., Tucuman. 2: 

I — 179, 318 figs. 
Guide, Johannes. 1934. Die Wanzen Mitteleuropas. Hemiptera Hete- 

roptera Mitteleuropas. III. Teil. 4. Familie Pentatomidae. Intern. 

Entom. Ver., Frankfurt am Main, pp. 79 — 194. 

— . 1936. Ibid. V. Teil. i. 7. Familie Lygaeidae. Ibid., pp. i — 104. 

— . 1937. Ibid. V. Teil. 2. 7. Familie Lygaeidae. Ibid., pp. 105 — 222. 

— . 1940. Ibid. VII. Teil. 12. Familie Dysodidae, 13. Familie Phymati- 
dae, 14. Familie Reduviidae, 15. Familie Nabidae. Otto H. Wrede, 
Frankfurt am Main, pp. i — 116. 

— . 1 94 1. Ibid. VIII. Teil. 16. Familie Cimicidae, 17. Familie Isometo- 
pidae, 18. Familie Anthocoridae, 19. Familie Microphysidae, 20. 
Familie Cryptostemmatidae. Ibid., pp. 1 17 — 265. 

Lethierry, L., and G. Severin. 1893. Catalogue general des Hemipteres. 
Tome I, Heteropteres ; Pentatomidae. F. Hayez, Bruxelles, x + 286. 
— ■ , 1894. Ibid. Tome II, Heteropteres; Coreidae, Berytidae, Ly- 
gaeidae, Pyrrhocoridae. Ibid., pp. i^ — 277. 

— , 1896. Ibid. Tome III, Heteropteres; Tingidae, Phymatidae, Aradi- 
dae, Hebridae, Hydrometridae. Henicocephalidae, Reduvidae, Saldi- 
dae. Apophilidae, Ceratocombidae, Cimicidae, Anthocoridae. R. 
Freidlander & Fils, Berlin, pp. i — 275. 

Van Duzee, Edward P. 191 7. Catalogue of the Hemiptera of America 
north of Mexico excepting the Aphididae, Coccidae and Aleuro- 
didae. Univ. Calif. Publ. Ent., 2: i — xiv -|- i^ — 902. 

Wygodzinsky, Petr. 1949. Elenco sistematico de los Reduviiformes Ame- 
ricanos. Monogr. Inst. Med. region., Tucuman, r: i — 102. 

Order HOMOPTERA 

Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Estrilda sp., "nectarinien", 
bird's nest; (scale insects). "Nectarinien"; (Series Auchenorrhyn- 
cha). 



255 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, catbird, song sparrow; (leaf hoppers). 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L.; (Auchenorhyncha (sic)). 

Family GHERMIDAE 
Psyllia pyricola Forster 
Dobroscky^ 1925: Robin, catbird, song sparrow. 

Family JASSIDAE 
Empoasca sp. 

Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine). 

Solenopyx sulphurellus (Zetterstedt) 
Nordberg, 1936: Parus atricapillus L., Delichon urhica L.; {Thamnotet- 
ti.x sulphurellus Zett.). 

Family PSEUDOGOCCIDAE 
Pseudococcus sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Uncertain Position in the Order HOMOPTERA 

Nordberg, 1936: Delichon urbica L.; {Oncopsis rufusculus Fieb.). 

Order HYMENOPTERA 

Undetermined 

Eichler, 1934a: Ciconia ciconia ciconia (L.) ; (bees). 
Hindwood, 1947: Gyrnnorhina tibicen; (wasps). 

— • , 1 95 1 : Magpie, crow. 

— , 1951a: Rook. 
Jellison, 1940a: Asio sp., Pica sp. 

Leleup, 1947c: Columba oenash.; (microhymenopteral . 
Lent, 1939: Phacellodomus rufifrons sincipitalis Cabanis. 
Loveridge, 1922: Cisticola lugubris Riipp. ; (wasps, solitary bees). 
Modeer, 1785: Swallow. 

Myers, 1929: Cisticola lugubris Riipp.; (solitary bees). 
Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae, Foudia sakalava minor, Spermestes nana. 
Poulton, 1929: Cisticola lugubris Riipp.; (wasp, solitary bees). 
Snyder and Shannon, 191 9: Riparia riparia (L.) S&W. 

Family APIDAE 
Undetermined 

Bent, 1948: T eltnatodytes palustris iliacus Kidgway; (bumblebees). 



256 

Bombus (Bombus) agrorum Fabricius 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Bombus 
agrorum). 

Bombus (Pratobombus) caliginosus (Frison) 
Pitelka, 1954: Carpodacus mexicanus (Miiller) ; {Bombus caliginosus 
(Frison)). 

Bombus distinguendus Morawitz 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Bombus 
distinguendus). 

Bombus hortorum (Linnaeus) 
Saunt, 1933: Tit; {Bombus hortorum L.). 
— , 1934: Bird's nest; {Bombus hortorum L.). 

Bombus jonellus (Kirby) 
Fraser, 1947: ?robin. 

Bombus pratorum (Linnaeus) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Bombus pra- 
torum). 

Family BETHYLIDAE 
Cephalonomia nidicola Szelenyi 
Szekessy, 1948: Columba domestica L. 
Szelenyi, 1944: Columba domestica. 

Laelius sp. 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 
Szelenyi, 1944: Ciconia ciconia. 

Family BRAGONIDAE 
Undetermined 

Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae. 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia. 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 

Apanteles sp. 

Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus. 

Apanteles carpatus (Say) 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 

1952: Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw; (Apanteles carpatus). 
Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests; (Apanteles carpatus). 



257 

McAtee, 1927: Progne subis: {Apanteles carpatus Say). 
— - , 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Troglodytes aedon; {Apanteles carpatus 
Say). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urhica (L.), Hi- 
rundo rustica L., Colurnba sp., Corvus monedula L. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951: Passer domesticus domesticus L., Cor- 
vus monedula spermologus Vieill., Columba sp.; {Apanteles carpa- 
tus Say). 

Chelonus sp. 

Nordberg, 1936: Delichon urbica L., Dryocopus martins L. 

Chremylus elaphus Haliday 

Nordberg, 1936: Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L.; {Chre??iylus 
rubiginosus Neer.) . 

Dacnusa sp. 

Blair, 1931 : Rook. 

Mesocrina pugnatrix Marshall 
Blair, 1931 : Rook. 

Meteorus pulchricornis Wesmael 

Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests; {Meteorus pulchricornis WdLsm. (sic)). 

Neoneurus ductus Thomson 
Nordberg, 1936: Certhia familiaris L., Parus atricapillus L. 

Orthostigma pumilum (Nees) 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Family GERAPHRONIDAE 
Ceraphron sp. 

Blair, 1931: Rook; {Callicerus (sic) sp.). 

Superfamily Chalcidoidea 

Bagnall, 19 15: Swift. 
Chisholm, 1952: Dacelo gigas. 
Cornelius, 1869: Cypselus apus; (chalcid). 
Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests. 
Hicks, 1953: Tardus migratorius migratorius L. 
Hindwood, 1 95 1 : Birds' nests. 
Jellison, 1940: Bird's nest. 
Johnson, 1930: Bird's nest. 
— , 1932: Bird's nest. 



258 

Family CHALCIDIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Pica pica jennorum Lonb. 

Nordberg, 1936: Buho bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Haliaetus (sic) 

albicilla L., Buteo buteo L., Parus atricapillus L., Sturnus vulgaris 

L., Falco tinnunculus L. 

Pachyneuron sp. 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 

Stenomalus sp. 

Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests; (Stenomalus micans). 

Family GYNIPIDAE 
Undetermined 

McAtee, 1929: Myiarchus crinitus. 

Diplolepis sp. 

Stein, 1843: Passer rusticus L. 

Eucoila sp. 

Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests. 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 

Eucoila scotica (Cameron) 
Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests; {Encoela (sic) scotica Lam. (sic)). 

Kleidotoma gryphus Thomson 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 

Family DIAPRIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Hicks, ig^'^: Sayornis phoebe (Latham). 

Belyta sp. 

Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests. 

Psilus sp. 

McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis, Planesticus migratorius, ?Mimus 
polyglottos; {Galesus sp.) . 

Trichopria sp. 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; (Trichopria [formicaria Thoms.?) ). 
Szelenyi, 1944: Ciconia ciconia. 



259 

Family EULOPHIDAE 
Necremnus sp. 

Heselhaus, 1915: Rotschwanz. 

Necremnus leucarthros (Nees) 

Woodroffe and Southgate. 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.). 

Tetrastichus sp. 

Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests. 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris, Troglodytes aedon. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.) ; [Tetrastri- 

cus (sic) sp.). 

Tetrastichus charoba Walker 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; {Tetrastichus 
(?) charaba (sic) ). 

Tetrastichus longiscapus Thomson 

Szelenyi, 1944: Ciconia ciconia. 

Family EURYTOMIDAE 
Eurytoma sp. 
McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 

Family FIGITIDAE 
Melanips opacus (Hartig) 
Edwards, 1925a: Birds' nests; {Amblynotus opacus Hartig). 

Family FORMIGIDAE 
Undetermined 

Baker, 1931: Woodpecker {?Micropternus sp.). 
Chisholm, 1952: Gerygone olivacea. 
Delamare-Deboutteville and PauHan, 1947: Ploceus sp. 
— ■ , 1952: P/ocf'wj sp., bird's nest, estrildid. 
Gilbert, 1923: Honey-eater. 
Hindwood, 1951 : Birds' nests, finches. 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine). 
Moreau, 1942: Pseudonigrita arnaudi (Bp.). 
Myers, 1929: Micropterus (sic) brachyurus phaiceps (sic) Blyth, M. b. 

gularis Jerdon. 
Paget- Wilkes, 1938: Pseudonigrita arnaudi arnaudi (Bp.). 
Poulton, I g2g: Micropterus (sic) brachyurus phaiceps (sic) Blyth. 
Ramsay, 1866: Gerygone albogularis. 



26o 

Crematogaster sp. 

Poulton, 1929: Micropterus (sic) brachyurus gularis Jerdon; {Crema- 
stogaster (sic) sp.). 

Crematogaster (Crematogaster) lineolata lineolata (Say) 

McAtee, 1927a: ?Richmondena cardinalis; {Cremastogaster (sic) lineola- 
tus Say). 
■ — , 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. Passer domesticus, Troglodytes aedon, 
Sialia sialis; {Crematogaster lineolata Say). 

Formica (Formica) fusca fusca Linnaeus 

Jellison, 1940: Bubo virginianus; {Formica fusca L.). 

Nordberg, 1936: Anthus pratensis L., Parus ater L.; {Formica fusca L.) . 

Lasius brunneus (Latreille) 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Lasius brunneus Latr.). 

Lasius fuliginosus (Latreille) 
Rosenberg, 191 3: Bird's nest; (Lasius fuliginosus). 

Lasius (Lasius) niger alienus var. americanus Emery 

Eichler, 1937b: Riparia riparia riparia; (Lasius niger americanus). 

Monomorium (Monomorium) minimum minimum 

(Buckley) 
Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor; {Monomorium minimum (Buckley)). 

Myrmica ruginodis Nylander 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe. 

Pheidole (Pheidole) californica californica Mayr 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea; {Pheidole californica 

Mayr). 

Pheidole variabilis Mayr 

Hindwoodj 1947: Dacelo gigas. 

Solenopsis sp. 

Jellison, 1940: Bobwhite quail. 

Solenopsis (Solenopsis) geminata geminata (Fabricius) 
Travis, 1938: Bobwhite quail, ground dove (?), other ground-nesting 
birds (?); {Solenopsis geminata (F.)). 



26l 

Solenopsis (Diplorhoptrum) molesta molesta (Say) 

Stoddard, 1931 : Colinus virginianus; (Solenopsis molesta). 

Solenopsis (Diplorhoptrum) molesta validiuscula Emery 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea: {Solenopsis molesta var. 
validiuscula Emerton). 

Tapinoma sessile (Say) 
Hicks, 1953: Richmondena cardinalis cardinalis (L.) ; Turdus migraio- 

rius migratorius L., Toxostoma rufum. (L.). 
Smith. 1928: Birds' nests; {Tapinoma sessile Say). 

Tetramorium caespitum (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Certhia familiaris L., Parus ater L., Sturnus vulgaris 

L.; {Tetramorium caespitosum L.). 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.) ; {Tetramorium caespitum L.). 

Family ICHNEUMONIDAE 

Undetermiined 

Edwards, 1925a: Greenfinch, linnet, hedge-sparrow. 
Hindwood, 1951 : Birds' nests. 

Hypsicera mansuetor (Gravenhorst) 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 

1952: Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw; (Metacoelus mansuetor). 
Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests; (Hyperacmus tineae). 
Richards. 1949: Bird's nest; {Metacoelus mansuetor (Grav.)). 
\Voodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica (L.), Hi- 

rundo rustica L., Columba sp., Corvus monedula L.; {Metacoelus 

mansuetor (Grav.)). 
\Voodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon 

urbica (L.), Sturnus vulgaris L., Erithacus rubecula Hart., Mota- 

cilla alba Gould; {Metacoelus mansuetor Grav.). 

Mastrus pilifrons (Provancher) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests; (Aenoplex betuloecola). 

Phaeogenes sp. 

Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus. 

Phygadeuon sp. 

Jussel, 1905: Swallow. 

Phygadeuon bidens Thomson 
Blair, 1931 : Rook. 



262 

Phygadeuon rusticellae Bridgman 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Phygadeuon 

rusticella) . 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 
Richards, 1 949 : Birds' nests. 

Sternocryptus bitinctus (Gravenhorst) 
Richards, 1949: Greenfinch (?), sea birds, birds' nests; (Phygadeuon 
bitinctus (Gmel.) ). 

Stilpnus blandus Gravenhorst 
Woodroffe, 1953: Bird's nest. 

Family PLATYGASTERIDAE 

Amblyaspis sp. 

Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 
Szelenyi, 1944: Ciconia ciconia. 

Family PROGTOTRUPIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp. 

Phaenopria cameroni Kieffer 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 

Proctotrupes sp. 

Nordberg, 1936: Accipiter nisus L., Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Serphus sp.). 

Family PTEROMALIDAE 

Undetermined 

Bequaert, 1953a: Swallows, martins, swifts, domestic pigeon. 
McAtee, 1927a: Planesticus migratorius. 

Amblymerus sp. 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L. 

Asaphes vulgaris Walker 
Ai'mstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L. 

Bairamlia nidicola Ferriere 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; ( Bairamlia 

nidicola) . 
Britten and Thompson, 1934: Sand martin, pied wagtail, house martin, 

sparrow. 



a63 

Coelopisthia sp. 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L. 

Coelopisthia suborbicularis (Provancher) 
McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolmensis; [Coelopristhis (sic) suborbicu- 
laris Provancher) . 

Conomorium eremita (Forster) 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 
Szelenyi, 1944: Ciconia ciconia; {Conomorium eremita Forst.). 

Cyrtogaster vulgaris Walker 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Cyrtogaster 
vulgaris) . 

Dibrachys sp. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Dibrachys cavus (Walker) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; {Dibrachys ca- 
vus). 
Eichler, 1939a: Meisen; {Dibrachys cavus 'Walker) . 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Habrocytus sp. 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L. 
Heselhaus, 1915: Rotschwanz. 

Morodora sp. 

Britten and Thompson, 1934: Crows, magpies. 

Morodora armata Gahaii 
Gahan, 1 933 : Crows, magpies. 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine), ?Corvus brachyrhynchos, 

Asio wilsonianus. 
Jellison and Philip, 1933: Pica pica hudsonicus (sic). 

Muscidifurax raptor Girault and Sanders 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 
Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus. 

Nasonia sp. 

Hindwood, 1947: Dacelo gigas; {?Mormoniella sp.). 

Thomas, 1936: Thryothorus I. ludovicianus ; {Mormoniella sp.). 



264 

Nasonia vitripennis (Walker) 

Boyd, 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Mormoniella vitripennis Walker). 
Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests; (Mormoniella brevicornis). 
Eichler, 1936: Birds' nests; {Mormoniella vitripennis Walker). 

— , 1 936d: Birds' nests; {Mormoniella vitripennis V^d^k^v). 

— , 1938c: Birds' nests; {Mormoniella vitripennis Walker). 

— , 1939a: Birds' nests; {Mormoniella vitripennis Walker). 
Gahan, 1927: House martin; {Mormoniella vitripennis (Walker)). 
Hall, 1948: Purple martin ; {Mormoniella vitripennis (Walker)). 
Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine), ICorvus brachyrhynchos, 

Asio wilsonianus; {Mormoniella vitripennis Walker). 

Jellison and Philip, 1933: Pica pica hudsonicus (sic); {Mormoniella 
vitripennis Walker). 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris; (Mormoniella abnormis). Progne subis. 
Troglodytes aedon; {Mormoniella abnormis Boheman). 

Mason, 1944: Sturnus v. vulgaris, Iridoprocne bicolor; (Mormoniella 
vitripennis) . 

Miller, 1909: House wren, English sparrow, catbird; {Nasonia brevi- 
cornis Ashmead). 

Owen, 1954: Passerines; (Nasonia brevicornis). Iridoprocne bicolor, 
swallows' nests in England; (Mormoniella vitripennis). 

Plath, 1919b: Carpodacus mexicanus frontalis (Say); {Nasonia brevi- 
cornis (Girault) ). 

Seguy, 1932a: Moineaux, hirondelles, pinsons, merles, birds' nests; {Mor- 
moniella brevicornis Ashmead). 

Wetherbee, 1932: Sialia sialis sialis; (Mormoniella vitripennis). 

W^hitehead, 1933: Progne subis; {Mormoniella vitripennis (Walker)). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Hirundo rustica L.; {Mormoniella vitripennis 
(Walker)). 

Pachycrepoideus dubius Ashmead 
McAtee, 1927: Progne subis. 

Pteromalus sp. 

Douglas, 1871 : Sturnus vulgaris, Cypselus apus. 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe (Stadtschwalbe). 

Pteromalus fucicola Walker 
Richards, 1930: Cormorant. 

Spalangia sp. 
McAtee, 1927a: ?Richmondena cardinalis; {Spalangia n. sp. (very near 
S. haematobiae Ashmead) ). 

Spalangia drosophilae Ashmead 
McAtee. 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. 



265 

Spalangia muscidarum Richardson 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris: (Spalangia muscidarum). 

Spalangia subpunctata Forster 
Szekessy, 1944: Ciconia ciconia (L.). 
Szelenyi, 1944: Ciconia ciconia. 

Tridymus sp. 

Low. 1867: Hirundo rustica L.. Chelidon urbica Boie. ; (Tridymus (?) 

sp.). 
Resch, 1874: Swallows. 

Family SGELIONIDAE 
Acoloides sp. 
McAtee. 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. Troglodytes aedon, Sialia sialis. 

Telenomus sp. 

Leleup, 1947c: Columha oenas L. 
— , I947h: Columha oenas L. 

Telenomus (Telenomus) truncatus (Nees) 

Szekessy, 1948: Motacilla alba L.; {Telenomus truncatus Nees). 
Szelenyi, 1944: Motacilla alba; [Telenomus trmicatus Nees). 

Family SPHECIDAE 
Motes sp. 

Pearse, 1938: Birds' nests; [Notogonidea sp.). 

Passaloecus sp. 
Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests. 

Family TENTHREDINIDAE 
Ametastegia (Protemphytus) tener (Fallen) 
McAtee, 1927a: Plaiiesticus migratorius; {Emphytina tener Fallen). 

Family TORYMIDAE 
Megastigmus nigrovariegatus Ashmead 
Dobroscky, 1925: Birds' nests; (Megastigmus nigrovariegatus). 

Family VESPIDAE 
Vespa crabro germana Christ 
Arkell, 1941: Tit; {Vespa crabro L.). 

Reclaire and van der Wiel, 1936: Bird's nest; (Vespa crabro). 
Riischkamp, 1932a: Bird's nest; (Vespa crabro). 



266 

Vespula sp, 

Eichler, 1937b: Birds' nests. 

Vespula (Dolichovespula) silvestris Scopoli 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Vespa syl- 

vestris (sic) ). 

REFERENCES 

de Dalla Torre, C. G. 1892. Catalogus Hymenopterorum jucusque de- 
scrip torum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol VI: Chrysidae (Tu- 
bulifera), Guilelmi Engelmann, Lipsiae, VIII -f- 1 18. 

— , 1893. ^^^d. Vol. II: Cynipidae, Ibid., pp. i — 140. Vol. VII: For- 
micidae (Heterogyna), Ibid., VIII -f- 289. 

— . 1894. Jbid. Vol. I: Tenthredinidae incl. Uroceridae (Phyllophaga 

Xylophaga), Ibid., pp. i — 459. Vol. IX: Vespidae (Diploptera), 
Ibid., pp. i^ — 181. 

— . 1896. Ibid. Vol. X: Apidae (Anthophila), Ibid., pp. i — 643. 

■ — . 1897. Ibid. Vol. VIII: Fossores (Sphegidae), Ibid., pp. i — 749. 

— . 1898. Ibid. Vol. IV: Braconidae, Ibid., pp. 1—323. Vol. V: Chal- 
cididae et Proctotrupidae, Ibid., pp. i — 598. 

■ — . 1902. Ibid. Vol. Ill: Trigonalidae, Megalyridae, Stephanidae, Ich- 
neumonidae, Agriotypidae, Evaniidae, Pe\ec'mida.e, Ibid., pp. 1-1141. 
Muesebeck, C. F. W., Karl V. Krombein, and Henry K. Townes. 1951. 
Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico— synoptic catalog. Agri- 
culture Monograph No. 2, United States Department of Agriculture, 
Washington D. C, pp. i — 1420, i map. 

Order ISOPTERA 

Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Bird's nest. 

Order LEPIDOPTERA 

Undetermined 

Cutcliffe, 1955: Apus apus. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp., Munia striata. 
Dorn, 1913: Accipiter nisus L. 
Eichler, 1936: Birds' nests. 

Frauenfeld, von, and Ritter, 1861 : Hirundo rustica. 
Hennicke, 1901 : Hirundo rustica L. 
Henriksen, 1928 — 1937a: Starling. 
Herfs, 1932: Birds' nests. 
Heselhaus, 1923: Birds' nests. 

Hindwood, 1951: Owl, parrot, bee-eater, kingfisher, finch, silvery-cheek- 
ed hornbill, Aegintha temporalis. 

— , 1951a: Owl, silvery-cheeked hornbill, finch, Halcyon sanctus, 
birds' nests. 



267 

Jellison, 1940a: Asio sp., Pica sp., Speotyto sp. 

Keilin, 1924a: Parus ater L., Frmgilla coelehs, Hirundo rustica. 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Parus major L., 

P. caeruleus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Delichon urhica L., 

Hirundo rustica L., Haustaube. 

— , 1938b: Birds' nests. 

— , 1951 : Micro pus apus L., Sperling, birds' nests. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus cornix L., Merops apiaster L., Pastor roseus L., 
Sturnus vulgaris balcanicus But.. Coracias garrulus L., Tadorna 
tadorna L. 

Lent, 1939: Phacellodomus rujifrons sincipitalis Cabanis. 

Lloyd, 1945: Jackdaw. 

Low, 1861 : Hirundo rustica. 

Lord, 1940: Sacred kingfisher. 

McKeown, 1942: Rosella parrot. 

Moreau, 1942: Bycanistes cristatus (Riipp.). 

Paulian, 1950: Foudia sakalava minor, Spermestes nana. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Psephotus chrysopterygius. 

Scott, 191 7: Munia striata. 

Seidel, 1932: Birds' nests. 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L. 

Uhlmann, 1938: Sparrow, pigeon. 

White, 1922a: Psephotus chrysoptcrgius (sic). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: House finch. 

Family AMYDRIIDAE 
Amydria sp. 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea, birds* nests. 

Family BLASTOBASIDAE 

Gerdana sp. 

Clarke, 1941 : Long-eared owl. 

Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus, birds' nests. 

Family COLEOPHORIDAE 
Undetermined 

Britton, 1940: Bycanistes cristatus Riipp. 

Family COSMOPTERYGIDAE 
Mompha sp. 

Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine), birds' nests. 

Pyroderces falcatella (Stainton) 
Hindwood, 1951a: Spice finch. 



268 

Family GELEGHIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Edwards, 1925a: Bird's nest. 
Lameere, 1946a: Birds' nests. 

Family NOGTUIDAE 
Amphipyra pyramidea (Linnaeus) 
Saunt. 1934: Bird's nest; (Amphipyra pyramidea). 

Amphipyra tragopogonis (Linnaeus) 
Saunt, 1934: Bird's nest; (Amphipyra tragopogonis). 

Hypsoropha hormos Hiibner 

McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis. 

Lascoria ambigualis Walker 

McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis, Richmondena cardinalis (?); 
{Gaherasa ambigualis Walker). 

Family OECOPHORIDAE 
Undetermined 

Clarke, 1941 : Birds' nests. 

Borkhausenia flavifrontella (Hubner) 
Petry, Beer, and Hockemeyer, 1936: Sperling; {Borkhausiana (sic) flavi- 
frontella Hb.). 

Borkhausenia fuscescens (Haworth) 
Ford, 1929: Hedge-sparrow, greenfinch, chaffinch; (Borkhausenia 

fuscescens). 
Walker and Hobby, 1939: Birds' nests; {Borkhausenia fuscescens 

Haw.). 
Waters, 1929: Birds' nests; {Borkhausenia fuscescens Haw.). 

Borkhausenia minutella (Linnaeus) 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Delichon urhica L.; (Borkhausenia 
minutella) . 

Coesyra sp. 

Hindwood, 1951a: Aegintha temporalis, Taeniopygia castanotis, Lonch- 
ura punctulata. Passer domesticus. 

Depressaria alstroemeriana (Clerck) 
Otten, 1941 : Delichon urhica L.; {Depressaria alstroemeriana CI.). 



269 

Depressaria ciliella Stainton 

Leleup, 1947c: Pic; {Depressaria ciliella Sh. (sic)). 

— , ig^.je: Picus viridis virescens (Brehm). 

Endrosis lactella (Schiffermuller) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Endrosis 

lactella). 
Boyd, 1932: Passer rnontanus rnontanus; {Endrosis lactella Schiff.). 

— , 1935a: Passer rnontanus motitanus ; (Endrosis lactella). 

— ■ , 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Endrosis lactella Schiff.). 

— , 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Endrosis lactella Schiff.). 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 1952: 

Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw; (Endrosis lactella). 
Clarke, 1941 : Birds' nests. 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Endrosis lactella Schiff.). 
Edwards, 1925a: ?greenfinch; (Endrosis jenestrella). 
Eichler, 1937b: Hirundo rustica rustica; (Endrosis lactella). 
Ford, 1929: Hedge-sparrow, greenfinch, chaffinch; (Endrosis lactella). 
Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe ; (Endrosis lactella) . 
Kemper, 1938a: Rauchschwalbe ; {Endrosis lac teella (sic) Schiff.). 
Linsley, 1944: House-finch. 

— , 1946: Carpodacus mexicanus frontalis; {Endrosis sarcitrella (L.)). 
Mallis, 1945: Birds' nests; {Endrosis lacteella (sic) (Denis & Schiff.)). 
Palm, i^'^6: Pernis apivorusl^.; {Endrosis lacteella (sic) Schiff.). 
Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L.; {Endromis (sic) lacteella 

(sic), Endrosis lacteella (sic), E. lacteella (sic) S. V.). 
Taylor, 1942: Great tit; {Endrosis lactella Schiff.). 
Walker and Hobby, 1939: Birds' nests; {Endrosis lactella Schiff.). 
Waters, 1929: Birds' nests; {Endrosis lactella Schiff.). 
Woodroffe, 1951b: Birds' nests. 
■ — ■ 3 ^953- Po.^us caeruleus L., Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica 

(L.), Corvus monedula L., Colurnba sp.; {Endrosis sarcitrella (L.) ). 
Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.). 

— , 1951b: Sparrow; (white-shouldered house-moth) . 

Hofmannophila sp. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Sturiius vulgaris L. 

Hofmannophila pseudospretella (Stainton) 
Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; {Hofmann- 
ophila pseudopretella (sic)). 
Boyd, 1935a: Passer montanus montanus; {Borkhausenia pseudospret- 
ella Staint.). 

— , 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Borkhausenia pseudospretella 
Staint.). 



270 

Boyd, 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Borkhausenia pseudospretella 

Staint.). 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 1952: 

Sparrow, martin, jackdaw, swallow, pigeon; (Hofmannophila 

pseudospretella) . 
Cutcliffe, IQ^^: Apus apus; {Borkhausenia pseudospretella (Staint.)). 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Borkhausenia pseudospretella 

Staint.). 

— . 1947: Pigeon; (Borkhausenia (= Hofmannophila) pseudospretella 
Staint.). 

Eichler, 1937b: Hirundo rustica rustica: (Borkhausenia pseudospretella). 

Ford. 1929: Hedge-sparrow, greenfinch, chaffinch; (Borkhausenia 
pseudospretella) . 

Herfs, 1936a: House sparrow; {Hofmannophila (Borkhausenia) pseudo- 
spretella Stt.). 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Delichon urbica L.; (Hofmann- 
ophila pseudospretella) . 

— . 1938a: Haussperling, Rauchschwalbe, Gartenrotschwanz, Star, 
Turmfalk, Hohltaube, Mehlschwalbe ; {Hofmannophila pseudo- 
spretella Stt.). 

Linsley, 1944: House-finch. 

— , 1946: Birds' nests in California, Carpodacus mexicanus frontalis. 
Nordberg, 1936: Passer domesticus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., 

Hirundo rustica L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Falco tinnunculus L., Co- 

lumba oenasL.; {Hoffmanophila (sic) pseudospretella Stt.). 
Pitelka, 1954: Carpodacus mexicanus (Miiller). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Swallow, martin, barn-owl, wren, starling; 

{Hoffmanophila (sic) pseudospretella Stt.) . 
Thompson, 1953a: Swift. 
Walker and Hobby, 1939: Birds' nests; {Borkhausenia pseudospretella 

Staint.). 
Waters, 1929: Birds' nests; {Borkhausenia pseudospretella Staint.). 
Woodroffe, 1951a: Birds' nests. 
— ■ 5 195^: Passer domesticus {L.) , Delichon urbica {L.), Hirundo 

rustica L., Corvus monedula L., Columba sp. 
"Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon 

urbica (L.), Sturnus vulgaris L., Erithacus rubecula Hart., Motacilla 

alba Gould. 

— , 1951b: Sparrow; (brown house moth). 

Martyrhilda klamathiana (Walsingham) 
Clarke, 1941: Magpie. 

Jellison, 1940: Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine); {Agonopteryx kalmathiana 
(sic) Walsingham). 

Neossiosynoeca agnosta Turner 
Chisholm, 1952: Parrot, finch ; {Neossiosynoecha (sic) agnosta). 
Hindwood, 1951a: Platycercus eximius. 



271 

Neossiosynoeca scatophaga Turner 

Campbell, 1924: Psephotus chrysopterygius. 

Chisholm, \^^2: Psephotus chrysopterygius; {Neossiosynoecha (sic) 
scatophaga Turner) . 

Hindwood, 1951a: Psephotus chrysopterygius; (Neossiosynoeca scato- 
phaga). 

McKeown, 1 942 : Golden-shouldered parrot. 

McLennan, 192 1 — 1922: Golden-shouldered parrot; (Neossiosynoeca 
scatophaga) . 

Moreau, 1936: Psephotus chrysopterygius; {Neossiosynaeca (sic) scato- 
phaga). 

Myers, 1935: Psephotus chrysopterygius. 

Paulian, ig^oa.: Psephotus sp.; (Neusosynoeca (sic) scatophaga Turner). 

Roberts, 1940: Psephotus chrysopterygius; (Neossiosynoeca scatophaga). 

Thomson, 1934: Psephotus chrysopterygius; (Neossiosynoeca scato- 
phaga). 
— , ig^^: Psephotus chrysopterygius; (Neossiosynoeca scatophaga). 

Turner, 1923: Psephotus chrysopterygius. 

White, 1922: Psephotus chrysopterygius; (Neossiosynoeca scatophaga). 

SchiffermuUeria procerella (Schiffermiiller and Denis) 
Petry, Beer, and Hockemever, 1936: Raven; {Borkhausenia procerella 
Schiff.). 

Family PHYCITIDAE 
Canarsia ulmiarrosorella (Clemens) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Robin; (Carnarsia (sic) ulmiarrosorella). 

Ephestia elutella (Hiibner) 
Woodroffe. 1953: Passer domesticus (L.). 

Family PIERIDAE 
Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus) 
Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L.; {Pieris brassicae, P. brassi- 
cae L.). 

Family PSYCHIDAE 
Solenobia sp. 

Szekessy, 1948: Hirundo rustica L. 

Family PTEROPHORIDAE 
Alucita huebneri Wallengren 
Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus. 

Platyptilia calodactyla (SchifFermiiller) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Corvus comix L.; [Platyptilia zetterstedti Z.). 



272 

Pterophorus monodactylus (Linnaeus) 
Kirichenko, 1949: Coruus comix L.; [Pterophorus monodactylus L.). 

Family PYRALIDIDAE 
Aglossa pinguinalis (Linnaeus) 
Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L.; [Aglossa pinguinalis L.). 

Aphomia sociella (Linnaeus) 
Kivirikko, 1941 : Bird's nest; [Aphomia sociella L.). 
Saunt, 1934: Bird's nest; [Aphomia sociella L.). 

Caphys bilineata (StoU) 
Hindwood, 1951a: Conurus aeruginosus (— Aratinga pertinax; (Caphys 

bilineata) . 
Myers, 1935: Conurus aeruginosus; [Caphys bilineata Stoll). 

Pyralis costalis (Fabricius) 
Ford, 1929: Hedge-sparrow, greenfinch, chaffinch; (Pyralis costalis). 

Pyralis farinalis (Linnaeus) 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp. 

Pyralis glaucinalis (Linnaeus) 
Ford, 1929: Hedge-sparrow, greenfinch, chaffinch; (Pyralis glaucinalis). 

Family TINEIDAE 
Undetermined 

Britton, 1940: Bycanistes albotibialis Cab. & Reichw. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and PauUan, 1947: Parrot. 

Frauenfeld, von, 1861 : Hirundo urbica. 

Hase, 1938: Pigeon. 

JeUison and Phihp, 1933; Pica pica hudsonicus (sic). 

Lehnert, 1933: SperUng, Taubenschlag, birds' nests. 

McAtee, 1927a: Planesticus migratorius. 

Moreau, 1937: Bycanistes albotibialis; (Ptineid larvae). 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae. 

Seguy, 1937: Moineau. 

Snyder and Shannon, 1919: Riparia riparia (L.). 

Szekessy, 1948: Hirundo rustica L. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1 95 1 b : Sparrow. 

Monopis argillacea (Meyrick) 
Hindwood, 1951a: Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris, Smicrornis brevirostris, 
Acanthiza chrysorrhoa (sic). 



273 

Monopis crocicapitella (Clemens) 
Hindwood, 1951a: Platycercus eximius, Hylochelidon ariel. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp. 

Monopis ferruginella (Hiibner) 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Birds' nests; (Monopis ferruginella) . 

Monopis irrorella (Dietz) 
Johnson, 1932: Starling; (Monopis irrorella). 

Monopis mediella (Fabricius) 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Birds' nests; (Monopis 
mediella F.) . 

Monopis megalodelta (Meyrick) 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian. 1947: Ploceus sp.; (Monopis 
megalodelta). 
■ — , 1952: Ploceus sp., Estrilda sp., birds' nests; {Monopis megalo- 
delta Meyr.). 

Monopis monachella (Hubner) 
Patton, 193 1 : Birds' nests; (Monopis monachella) . 

Monopis nivibractella (Walker) 
Hindwood, 1951a: Red-browed finch, zebra finch, spice finch. 

Monopis rusticella (Clerck) 
Barrett, 1865: Chaffinch, birds' nests; (Tinea rusticella). 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; {Monopis rusticella Hiib.). 
Edwards, 1925a: Greenfinch, linnet, hedge-sparrow; (Monpis (sic) 

rusticella). 
Ford, 1929: Hedge-sparrow, greenfinch, chaffinch; {Monopis rusticella 

Hiib.). 
Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Delichon urbica L.; (Monopis 

rusticella). 
— , 1938a: Haussperling, Hausschwalbe; {Monopis rusticella Huh.) . 
Rapp, 1936: Birds' nests; {Monopis rusticella Hiib.). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Bird's nests; (Monopis rusticella). 
Vorbrodt and Miiller-Rutz, 1914: Bird's nest; {Monopis rusticella Hiib.). 
Walker and Hobby, 1939: Birds' nests; {Monopis rusticella Hiibn.). 
Waters, 1929: Birds' nests; {Monopis rusticella Hiibn.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp., birds' nests. 
Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.). 

Monopis weaverella (Scott) 

Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp., Corvus monedula L. 



2 74 

Tinea sp. 

Bignell, 1891: Chelidon urbica. 

Jellison, 1940: Asio wilsonianus. Pica pica hiidsonia (Sabine), birds' 

nests. 
Lameere, 1946a: Birds' nests. 
McAtee, 1927: Progne subis, Myiarchus crinitus. 

— , 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis. 
Stein, 1843: Passer rusticus L. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Tinea columbariella Wocke 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 1952: 
Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw, swallow; (Tinaea (sic) colum- 
bariella) . 

Eichler, 1942: Martula urbica urbica L. 

Kemper, 1938: Delichon urbica L.; (Tinea columbariella) . 

Petry, Beer, and Hockemeyer, 1 936 : Taubenschlag. 

Vorbrodt and Miiller-Rutz, 19 14: Taubenschlag; {Tinea ? columbariella 
Wck.). 

Woodroffe, 1950: Birds' nests; {Tinaea (sic) columbariella Wocke). 
■ — , 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica (L.)., Hirundo 
rustica L., Corvus monedula L., Columba sp.; {Tinea columbariella 
(Wocke)). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951: Passer domesticus domesticus L., Cor- 
vus monedula spermologus VielL, Columba sp.; {Tinaea (sic) co- 
lumbariella Wocke). 

— , 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica (L.), Sturnus vul- 
garis L., Erithacus rubecula Hart., Motacilla alba Gould; {Tinaea 
(sic) columbariella Wocke). 

Tinea fuscipunctella Haworth 

Barrett, 1865: Chaffinch, birds' nests; (Tinea fuscipunctella). 

Eichler, 1937a: Hirundo rustica rustica, Passer domesticus, Tauben- 
schlag; (Tinea fuscipunctella). 

Forbes, 1923: Pigeon. 

Hennicke, igoi: Hirundo rustica h.; {Tinea spratella (sic) S.V.). 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Turmfalken; (Tinea fuscipunct- 
ella). 

— , 1938a: Rauchschwalbe, Mehlschwalbe, Turmfalk. Star, Myiarchus 
crinitus, Progne subis, Sialia sialis, Trogodytes aedon, Gartenrot- 
schwanz, Dohle, Schwarzspecht, Rauhfusskauz, Haustaube, Hohl- 
taube. 

— , 1939a: Birds' nests. 

Lehnert, 1933: Delichon urbica L., birds' nests. 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests. 



275 

Leonard, 1926: Birds' nests. 

Linsley, 1944: Starling, Passer domesticus, purple martin, house wren, 
bluebird, crested flycatcher. 

— . 1946: Birds' nests, English sparrow, starling, purple martin, house 
wren, bluebird, crested flycatcher; [Tinaea (sic) fuscipunctella 
Haw.). 

Low, 1861 : Hirundo rustica; {Tinea spretella S.V.). 

— , 1867: Chelidon urbica Boie. ; {Tinea spretella S.V.). 

McAtee, 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. Passer domesticus, Progne suhis, Tro- 
glodytes aedon, Sialia sialis, Myiarchus crinitus, Dumetella carolin- 
ensis. 

Mallis, 1945: Birds' nests. 

Nordberg, 1936: Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Hirundo rustica L.. Del- 
ichon urbica L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Dryocopus martius L., 
Aegolius funereus L., Falco tinnunculus L., Columba domestica L., 
C. oenas L.; {Tinea fuscipunctella L.). 

Patton, 1 931: Birds' nests: (Tinea fuscipunctella). 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L.; {Tinea spretella, T. spret- 
ella S.V.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Columba sp. 

Zacher, 1927: Birds' nests, pigeon. 

Tinea lapella Hiibner 

Barrett, 1865: Chaffinch, birds' nests; {Tinea ganomella {Llapella 

>ic))). 
Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L. 

Dorn, 1913: Turdus musicus L., T. merula L., Chloris chloris L. 
Edwards, 1925a: Greenfinch, linnet, hedge-sparrow; {Tinea lappella 

(sic)). 
Eichler, 1942: Martula urbica urbica L. 

Ford, 1929: Hedge-sparrow, greenfinch, chaffinch; (Tinea lapella). 
Petry, Beer, and Hockemeyer. 1936: Finch, birds' nests. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Hedge-sparrow, thrush. 
Titschack, 1922: Birds' nests. 
\'orbrodt and Miiller-Rutz, 19 14: Birds' nests. 
Walker and Hobby, 1939: Birds' nests. 
Waters, 1929: Birds' nests. 

Tinea pallescentella Stainton 
Woodroffe, 1953: Columba sp. 

Tinea pellionella (Linnaeus) 

Boyd. 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica: {Tinea pellionella L.). 
- — • , 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Tinea pellionella L.). 



276 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 1952: 
Sparrow, martin, pigeon, jackdaw, swallow; (Tinaea (sic) pell- 
ionella). 

Cornelius, 1869: Cypselus apus; (Tinea pellionella) . 

d'Abadie, 1922: Swallow; {'^Tinea pellionella) . 

Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, crow, house sparrow, redstart, chipping spar- 
row; (Tinea carnariella) . 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Ardea cinerea L.; [Tinea pellionella L.). 

Eichler, 1937b: Passer domesticus, Hirundo rustica rustica; (Tinea pell- 
ionella). Troglodytes aedon; (Tinea carnariella). 

Ford, 1929: Hedge-sparrow, greenfinch, chaffinch; (Tinea pellionella). 

Herfs, 1936a: House sparrow; (Tinea pellionella) . 

Herter, 1953: Birds' nests; (Tinea pellionella) . 

Jellison, 1940: Hirudo (sic) rustica, Passer domestica; (Tinea pellion- 
ella). 

Jussel, 1905: Stadtschwalbe, Hausschwalbe ; {Tinea pellionella L.). 

Kemper, 1934: Birds' nests; (Tinea pellionella) . 

— , 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Parus major L.. Del- 
iclion urbica L., Hirundo rustica L.; (Tinea pellionella). 

— , 1938a: Haussperling, Rauchschwalbe, Gartenrotschwanz, Dohle, 
Star, Grosser Buntspecht, Haustaube, Hohltaube, Feldsperling, Kohl- 
meise, Mehlschwalbe ; {Tinea pellionella L.). 

Linsley, 1946: Passer domesticus, Sayornis nigricans, Hirundo erythrog- 
aster, Petrochelidon albifrons; {Tinaea (sic) pellionella (L.)). 

McAtee, 1927: Troglodytes aedon; {Tinera (sic) carnariella Clemens) . 

Nordberg, 1936: Passer domesticus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., 
Colaeus (sic) monedula L,. Sturnus vulgaris L., Dryobates major L., 
Columba domestica L., C. oenas L.; {Tinea pellionella L.) . 

Otten, 1941 : Delichon urbica L.; {Tinea pellionella L.). 

Petry, Beer, and Hockemeyer, 1936: Birds' nests, Taubenschlag; {Tinea 
pellionella L.). 

Richards, 1949: Bird's nest. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Martin, sparrow; {Tinea pellionella L.). 

Thompson, 1937b: Fratercula arctica grabae (Brehm) ; (Tinea pellion- 
ella). 

Uhlmann, 1938: Birds' nests; {Tinea pellionella L.). 

Walker and Hobby, 1939: Hedge-sparrow; {Tinea pellionella L.). 

Waters, 1929: Hedge-sparrow; {Tinea pellionella L.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica (L.), Hirundo 
rustica L., Corvus monedula L., Columba sp. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951: Passer domesticus domesticus L., 
Corvus monedula spermologus Vieill., Columba sp.; {Tinea pell- 
ionella L.). 

— , 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Delichon urbica (L.), Sturnus vul- 
garis L., Erithacus rubecula Hart., Motacilla alba Gould; {Tinaea 
(sic) pellionella L.). 

— , 1951b: Sparrow; (case-bearing clothes moth) . 



277 

Tinea semifulvella Haworth 
Stainton. 1857: Birds' nests; (Tinea semifulvella). 

Tineola bisselliella (Hummel) 
Boyd. 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Tineola biselliella (sic) Hiim.). 
Biittiker, ig^/\.: Micro pus apus h.; {Tinea biselliella (sic)). 
Eichler, 193 7b: Hirundo rustica rustica, Passer domesticus; {Tineola 

biselliella (sic) ). 
Herfs, 1932: Birds' nests; {Tineola biselliella (sic)). 

— . 1936a: House sparrow ; {Tineola biselliella (sic)). 

Jellison, 1940: Hirudo (sic) rustica, Passer domestica; {Tineola biselli- 
ella (sic) ). 
Kemper, 1934: Birds' nests; (Tineola bisselliella). 

— , 1938: Passer domesticus L.; {Tineola biselliella (sic), Tineola bis- 
elliellae (sic)). Delichon urbica L., Hirundo rustica L., Haustaube; 
{Tineola biselliella (sic)). 

— , 1938a: Haussperling, Rauchschwalbe, Haustaube, Mehlschwalbe ; 
{Tineola biselliella (sic) Hiim.). 

Linsley, 1944: Passer domesticus. 

— , i^^&: Passer domesticus. 

Niethammer. 1937: Hirundo rustica rustica L.; {Tineola biselliella 

Uhlmann, 1938: Birds' nests; {Tinea biselliella (sic") Hiim.). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.). 

Woodroffe and Souths^ate. 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Motacilla alba 
Gould. 

Trichophaga tapetiella (Linnaeus) 
Kemper, 1934: Birds' nests; (Trichophaga tapetiella) . 
Linsley, 1946: Birds' nests; {Trichophaga tapetzella (sic) (L.)). 
Uhlmann, 1938: Birds' nests; {Tinea tapetiella L.). 

Uncertain Position in the Order LEPIDOPTERA 

McAtee. 1929: Sturnus vulgaris. Troglodytes aedon; {Epizeuxis amcri- 

calis Guenee). 
Resch, 1874: Swallow; {Tinea spectella S.V.). 
Rossi, de. i860: Hirundo urbica L.; (Tinea erinella). 

REFERENCES 

Clarke, J. F. Gates. 1941. Revision of the North American moths of the 

family Oecophoridae, with descriptions of new genera and species. 

Proc. U. S. nat. Mus., 90: 33 — 284, 48 plates. 
Fletcher, T. Bainbrigge. 1933. Life-histories of Indian Microlepidoptera 

(2nd ser.). Cosmopterygidae to Neopseustidae. Sci. Monogr. Coun. 

agric. Res. India, No. 4, pp. i — 85, 77 plates. 



278 

Forbes, William T. M. 1920. The Lepidoptera of New York and neigh- 
boring states. Primitive forms, Microlepidoptera, Pyraloids, Bom- 
byces. Mem. Cornell agric. Exp. Sta., 68: i — 729, 439 figs. 

Gaede, M. 1938. Oecophoridae I. (IN: Lepidopterorum Catalogus, Pars 
88, Junk, 's-Gravenhage, pp. i — 208). 

— . 1939. Oecophoridae II. Jbid., Pars 92, ibid., pp. 209 — 476. 
Heinrich, Carl. 1956. American moths of the subfamily Phycitinae. Bull. 

U. S. nat. Mus., No. 207, pp. VIII + 581, 1 138 figs. 
McDunnough, J. 1938. Check list of the Lepidoptera of Canada and the 

United States of America. Part i , Macrolepidoptera. Mem. S. Calif. 

Acad. Sci., i : iv -)- 272. 
Meyrick, E. 1913. Pterophoridae, Orneodidae. (IN: Lepidopterorum Ca- 

logus, Pars 17, Junk, Berlin, pp. i — 44). 

— . 1927. A revised handbook of British Lepidoptera. Watkins & Don- 
caster, London, vi -|- 9i4- 



Order MALLOPHAGA 

Undetermined 

Baker, 1927: Micropus affinis nipalensis. 
Eichler, 1936: Birds' nests. 

— , 1936c: Schottischen Kiebitzei, birds' nests. 

— , 1937c: Birds' nests. 

— , 1953: Halbhohlenbriitern, Hohlenbriitern. 
KirschenlDlatt, 1936: Birds' nests. 

Leleup, 1947c: Hirundo rustica rustica L., Delichon urbica urbica L. 

Nordberg, 1936: Anthus spinoletta litoralis (sic) Brehm, Sturnus vul- 
garis L., Columba oenas L., Riparia riparia L.; {Degeeriella sp. 
Note: According to the check-list of Hopkins and Clay (1952), 
listing of Degeeriella sp. from nests of these birds appears to be an 
error. Consequently, this citation is placed in undetermined status. 1 . 
Phylloscopus trochilus L., Saxicola rubetra L., Fringilla coelebs L., 
Sylvia borin Bodd., S. communis Lath., Turdus philomelus (sic) 
Brehm, T. merula L., Erithacus rubecula L., Passer domesticus L.. 
Cert Ilia familiaris L., Parus major L., Muscicapa striata Pall., M. 
hypoleuca Pall.; {Philopterus subflavescens Geoffr. Note: Hopkins 
and Clay (1952) state that Philopterus subflavescens . . . Geoffroy is 
not a name but a descriptive phrase. For this reason, although Nord- 
berg records Philopterus subflavescens Geoffroy from the nests of 
birds as listed above, this citation is placed in undetermined status. ) . 

Seguy, 1946: Birds' nests. 

Thompson, 1947a: Swallow; {Degeeriella sp. Note: This citation is plac- 
ed in undetermined status for the same reason given under Nord- 
berg (1936), above.). 

Wegelin, 1933: Birds' nests. 



279 

Family LAEMOBOTHRIIDAE 
Laemobothrion sp. 

Eichler, 1938a: ?bird of prey. 

Family MENOPONIDAE 
Actornithophilus sp. 

Eichler, 1944: Charadrius hiaticula. 
- — , ig^^: Charadrius alexandrinus. 

Actornithophilus laveni Eichler 
Eichler, 1953: Sandregenpfeifer. 

Actornithophilus milleri (Kellogg & Kuwana) 
Eichler, 1953: Anous stolidus h.; {Actoriiitliophilus milleri K.e\\. & 

Kuw. ) . 
Thompson, 1936: Anous stolidus stolidus (L.). 
Waterston, 1923: Anous stolidus; {Colpocephalum t71 ille ri Kell. & 

Kuw.). 

Actornithophilus ochraceus (Nitzsch) 

Eichler, 1944: Vanellus vanellus; (Probably Actornithopilus ochraceus 
Nitzsch). 
— J 1953- Vanellus vanellus h.: {Actornithophilus ochraceus Nitzsch). 

Actornithophilus totani (Schrank) 
Eichler, 1953: Tringa totanus; (Actornithophilus totani). 

Austromenopon lutescens (Burmeister) 

Eichler, 1944: Vanellus vanellus; (Austromenopon lutescens). 

■ — • , 1953: Vanellus vanellus v.; {Austromenopon (lutescens 
Nitzsch?) ). 
Evans, 1912: ]^anellus vanellus (L.); {Menopon lutescens Nitzsch) . 
Thompson, 1936: Vanellus vanellus (L.) ; {Menopon lutescens Nitzs.). 

■ — ■ , 1938c: Vanellus vanellus (L.) ; {Menopon lutescens Nitzs.) . 

Dennyus sp. 

Thompson, 1936: Tachornis batassiensis batassiensis (Gray). 

Dennyus cypsiurus Thompson 
Thompson, 1948: Cypsiurus parvus balasiensis (J. E. Gray). 

Dennyus dubius (Kellogg) 
Eichler, 1953: Chaetura pelagica L.; {Deiinyus dubius Kellogg). 
Ewing, 1930: Chaetura pelagica; {Dennyus (Dennyus) dubius (Kel- 
logg)). 
Thompson, 1936: Chaetura pelagica (L.). 



28o 

Dennyus hirundinis (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Apus apus L.; {Dennyus truncatus Olf.). 

Machaerilaemus malleus (Burmeister) 
Niethammer, 1937: Hirundo rustica rustica L.; (Hirundoecus malleus). 

Menacanthus gonophaeus (Burmeister) 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L., Buteo buteo L.; [Myrsidea gonophaea 

N.). 

Menacanthus pici (Denny) 
Nordberg, 1936: Dryohatcs major L.; [Menopon pici Denny). 

Myrsidea anathorax (Nitzsch) 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; {Myrsidea anathorax N.). 

Myrsidea cornicis (DeGeer) 

Jellison and Philip, 1933: Corvus brachyrhynchos; {Myrsidea sub- 

aequalis (Lyonet)). 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L. ; {Myrsidea subaequalis Lyonet). 

Myrsidea cucullaris (Nitzsch) 

Nordberg, 1936: Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Myrsidea cucullaris N.). 

Myrsidea dissimilis (Kellogg) 
Baerg, 1944: Petrochelidon albijrons albifrons (Raf.). 
Evans, 1912: Martin; {Goniodes dissimilis 'Nitzsch) . 

Snyder and Shannon, 1919: Riparia riparia (L.) S. & W.; {Menopon 
dissimile Kellogg) . 

Myrsidea picae (Linnaeus) 
Jellison and Philip, 1933: Pica pica hudsonicus (sic); {Myrsidea eury- 

sternum (Nitzsch)). 
Nordberg, 1936: Pica pica L.; {Myrsidea picae Denny). 

Myrsidea rustica (Giebel) 
Nordberg, 1936: Hirundo rustica L.; {Menopon rusticum N.). 

Family PHILOPTERIDAE 
Anaticola mergiserrati (DeGeer) 

Nordberg, 1936: Mergus merganser L.; {Lipeurus temporalis N.). 

Briielia densilimba (Nitzsch) 

Nordberg, 1936: Pyrrhula pyrrhula L.; {Degeeriella densilimba N.). 



28l 

Briielia marginata (Burmeister) 
Nordberg, 1936: Turdus pilaris L.; {Degeeriella marginalis N.). 

Briielia nebulosa (Burmeister) 
Nordberg, 1936: Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Degeeriella nebulosa Burm.). 

Briielia straminea (Denny) 
Nordberg, 1936: Passer domesticus L.; [Degeeriella straminea N.). 

Briielia varia (Burmeister) 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; [Degeeriella varia N.). 

Columbicola columbae (Linnaeus) 
Nordberg, 1936: Columba domestica L.; [Lipeurus baculus N.). 
Columba oenas L.; [Lipeurus baculus N.). 

Craspedorrhynchus haematopus (Scopoli) 
Nordberg, 1936: Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L.; [Philopterus platyrhynchus 
N.)/ 

Degeeriella rufa (Burmeister) 
Nordberg, 1936: Accipiter nisus L. 

Pectinopygus sulae (Rudow) 
Waterston, 1923: Anous stolidus; [Pectinopygus sulae Rud.). 

Philopterus sp. 

Jellison and Philip, 1933: Corvus brachyrhynchos, Pica pica hudsonicus 
(sic) ; [Docophorus communis Nitzsch). 

Philopterus excisus Nitzsch 
Nordberg, 1936: Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L. 

Philopterus guttatus (Denny) 
Nordberg, 1936: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; [Philopterus guttatus N.)- 

Philopterus ocellatus (Scopoh) 
Nordberg, 1936: Corvus comix L.; [Philopterus ocellatus Scop.). 

Picicola candidus (Nitzsch) 

Nordberg, 1936: Dryobates major L.; [Degeeriella Candida N.). 

Sturnidoecus sturni (Schrank) 
Eichler, 1939c: Starling; [Philopterus sturni Schrank). 
Nordberg, 1936: Sturnus vulgaris L.; [Philopterus sturni Schrk.). 



282 

REFERENCES 

Hopkins, G. H. E. and Theresa Clay. 1952. A check-list of the genera and 
species of Mallophaga. British Museum (Natural History), London, 
pp. 1—362. 



Order NEUROPTERA 

Family GHRYSOPIDAE 

Chrysopa sp. 

Kirichenko, 1949: Pica pica fennorum Lonb. 

Family HEMEROBIIDAE 
Hemerobius sp. 

Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor. 

Sympherobius fuscescens (Wallengren) 
Nordberg, 1936: Turdus pilaris L., Certhia familiaris L.; {Niremberge 
fuscescens Wall.). 

Family MYRMELEONTIDAE 
Dendroleon sp. 

Snyder and Shannon, 19 19: Riparia riparia (L.) S. & W. 

Family RAPHIDIIDAE 
Raphidia sp. 

Palm, 1936: Pernis apivorus L., Buteo buteo L. 

REFERENCES 

Killington, Frederick J. 1936. A monograph of the British Neuroptera. 
Vol. I, Quaritch, London, xix -|- 269, 68 figs., 15 plates. 
- — . 1937. Ibid. Vol. n, Quaritch, London, xii -f- 306, 115 figs., 15 
plates. 

Order ORTHOPTERA 

Undetermined Crickets 

Jellison, 1940a: Speotyto sp. 

Undetermined Roaches 

Britton, 1940: Bycanistes albotibialis Cab. & Reichw. 
Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp., bird's nest, 

estrildid. 
Hindwood, 1951 : Birds' nests. 



283 

Lent, 1939: Myiopsilta (sic) monacha cotorra (Vieill.), Phacellodornus 

rufijrons sincipitalis Cabanis. 
Mazza, Basso, and Basso, ig-^S: Pseudoseiura (sic) lophotes (Pacich). 
Moreau, 1937: By c atiis t es alb tibialis. 
— , 1942: Necrosyrtes monachus (Temm.). 
North, 1939: Necrosyrtes monachus. 
Paulian, 1950: Ploceinae, Nycticorax sp., Foudia sakalava minor, 

Spermestes nana. 

Family BLATTIDAE 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1947: Ploceus sp.: (undetermined 
nymphs ) . 

Trichomera sp. 

Britton, 1940: Bycanistes cristatus Riipp. 

Family GRYLLAGRIDIDAE 
Ceuthophilus agassizii (Scudder) 
Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea; {Ceuthophilus agassizii 
(Schudder (sic) ) ). 

Ceuthophilus pallidus Thomas 
Froeschner, 1954: Bank swallow, burrowing sparrow. 
Hubbell, 1936: Bank swallow, burrowing sparrow. 

Family GRYLLIDAE 

Hindwood, 1951 : Birds' nests; (undetermined tree-crickets). 

Family STENOPELMATIDAE 
Stenopelmatus fuscus Haldeman 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 

Family TETTIGONIIDAE 
Anabrus simplex Haldeman 

Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 

REFERENCES 

Chopard, Lucien. 1951. Orthopteroides. (IN: Faune de France. 56. 

Federation Frangaise des Societes de Sciences Naturelles. Leche- 

valier, Paris, pp. 1—359, 531 figs.). 
Froeschner, Richard C. 1954. The grasshoppers and other Orthoptera of 

Iowa. Iowa St. Coll. J. Sci., 29(2) : 163 — 354, 9 plates. 



884 



Order SIPHONAPTERA 

Undetermined 

Almeida Cunha, 19 14: Chelidon urhica, birds" nests. 
Anonymous (PZavattari), 19 15: Birds' nests. 

- — ■ , 1924: Birds' nests. 
Bacot and Ridewood, 19 14: Birds' nests. 
Baer, 1 95 1 : Diving petrel, gull, puffin, shearwater, auklet, Tadorna 

tadorna (L.), burrow-nesting parakeet. 
Beier, 1936: Birds' nests. 

Bent, 1938: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea (Bonaparte). 
Bignell, 1891 : Cotile riparia. 
Blyth, 1947: Sand martin. 
Bondar, 1921 : Birds' nests. 
Brent, 1871 : Pigeon. 

Brumpt and Neveu-Lemaire, 1929: Birds' nests. 
Chandler, 1949: Birds' nests. 
Dampf, 1 910: Birds' nests. 
Douglas, 1867: Sand martin. 
Eichler, 1934: Birds' nests. 

— , 1939a: Birds' nests. 
— ■ , 1944: Birds' nests. 

Ewing and Fox, 1943: Speotyto cunicularia (Molina). 

Fairmaire, 1852: Hirondelles de rivages. 

Feytaud, 1930: Birds' nests. 

Finkenbrink, 1934: Passer domesticus. 

Frauenfeld, von, 1861 : Hirundo sp., H. urbica, H. rustica. 

Gunyon, 1924: Great tit. 

Hase, 1924: Pigeon. 

Herfs, 1936: Passer domesticus L. 

Herman, 1936: Bluebird, birds' nests. 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Cotyle riparia Boie. 

Holland, 1950: Sea-birds. 

Jath, 1952: Birds' nests. 

Jellison, 1940: Raptorial and scavenger birds. 

— , 1940a: Asio sp., Speotyto sp. 
Johnson, 1927: Bluebird, tree swallow. 

- — , 1932: Tree swallow. 

Keilin, 1924a: Parus ater L., P. coeruleus (sic), Acredula caudata, Hir- 
undo rustica. 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L., Parus major L., 
P. caeruleus L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., Delichon urhica L., 
Hirundo rustica L. 

Kiinkel, 1907: Hirundo urbica. 



285 

Latreille, 1811: Swallow. 

Leleup, 1947c: Hirundo rustica rustica L., Delichon urbica urbica L. 

— , I947h: Columba oenas h. 
Lindroth and Palm, 1934: Backsvale. 
Matheson, 1950: Birds' nests. 
Megnin, 1880: Birds' nests. 

Miles, 1951 : Birds' nests. 

Murphy, 1936: Spheniscus humboldti Meyen, S. magellariicus (Forster). 

Nicholls, 1934: Birds' nests. 

Olt and Stroese, 19 14: Birds' nests. 

O'Mahony, 1941 : Corvus c. cor ax L. 

Patton, 1926: Birds' nests. 

Pawlowsky, 1927: Birds' nests. 

— , 1927a: Sturnus vulgaris. 

— , 1938: Sturnus vulgaris, birds' nests. 
Penecke, 1898: Hirundo urbica. 

Peus, 1936: Pigeon, birds' nests. 

— , 1939: Riparia rupestris. 
Plath, 1919c: Sparrow, birds' nests. 
Reaumur, de, 1738: Swallow. 
Rivas, 1920: Birds' nests. 

Saunt, 1934: Blue tit, great tit. 
Seguy, 1932a: Birds' nests. 

— , 1946: Birds' nests. 

Sg. (?anonymous), 1907: Birds' nests. 

Shaftesbury, 1934: Sea-birds, English sparrow, ovenbird, catbird, wood 

thrush, robin, bluebird. 
Shipley, 1911a: Hawfinch, dipper, blackbird, moorhen, birds' nests. 
Sick, 1940: Birds' nests. 
Spittle, 1947b: Corvus c. corone L. 

— , 1948: Riparia r. riparia L. 
Staveley, 1871 : Sand martin. 
Tanner, 1 942 : Ivory-billed woodpecker. 
Thompson, 1935: Delichon urbica urbica. 

— , i937d: Birds' nests. 

— , 1953: Sand martin, birds' nests. 
Tiflow, 1936: Birds' nests. 

Tooby, 1947: Riparia riparia riparia. 

Ullrich, 1939: Birds' nests. 

Waterston, 1942: Wheatear. 

Wetherbee, 1932: Sialia sialis sialis. 

Wolfson, 1955: Birds' nests, Sialia sialis, Iridoprocne bicolor, wrens, 

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, phoebes. 
Woodrof f e and Southgate, 1951b: Sparrow. 
Wiilker, 1925: Rabenkrahen, Eichelhaher. 



286 

Family AMPHIPSYLLIDAE 
Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) cornuta loff 
loff, 1949: Delichon urbica (Valley of Terek, Aksaj, Tien Shan) . 
loff, Tiflow, Argyropulo, Fedina, Dudolkina, and Shiranovitch, 1946: 

Delichon urbica (Tien Shan). 
Smit. 1952: Delichon urbica (Valley of Terek, Aksaj, Tien Shan). 

Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis alatau Fedina 
loff, Tiflow. Argyropulo, Fedina. Dudolkina, and Shiranovitch, 1946: 

Oenanthe sp., other birds living in burrows in the ground in Tien 

Shan and Kopet-Dag. 
Smit, 1952: Oenanthe sp., other birds living in burrows in the ground 

in Transbaikalia, Cisbaikalia, Tien Shan and Mongolia. 

Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis baikal loff 
loff. Tiflow, Argyropulo, Fedina, Dudolkina, and Shiranovitch, 1946: 
Oenanthe sp., other birds living in burrows in the ground in Trans- 
baikalia, Cisbaikalia, Tien Shan and Mongolia. 
Smit, 1952: Oenanthe sp., other birds living in burrows in the ground 
in Transbaikalia. Cisbaikalia, Tien Shan and Mongolia. 

Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis dubiosa loff 
loff, Tiflow, Argyropulo, Fedina, Dudolkina. and Shiranovitch, 1946: 

Oenanthe sp. (Issik Kul District), Montifringilla sp. (Issik Kul 

District). 
Smit, 1952: Oenanthe sp. (Issik Kul District), Montifringilla sp. (Issik 

Kul District). 

Frontopsylla frontalis frontalis (Rothschild) 

Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; (Ceratophyllus front- 
alis rothschildi). 

Peus, 1939: Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, P. graculus; {Frontopsylla front- 
alis Rothschild). 

Rothschild, 1909: Pyrrhocorax alpinus; {Ceratophyllus frontalis Roth- 
schild). 

Wagner, 1930: Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax; {Frontopsylla frontalis Roth- 
schild). 

Waterston, 1910a: Pyrrhocorax alpinus; {Ceratophyllus frontalis Roth- 
schild). 

Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis frontalis (Rothschild) 
loff, 1949: Nests of birds living in burrows in Tien Shan, Caucasus and 

Transbaikalia. 
Smit, 1952: Pyrrhocorax graculus, nests of birds living in burrows in 

Tien Shan, Caucasus and Transbaikalia. 



287 

Frontopsylla frontalis gud Argyropulo 
Argyropulo, 1935: Fringillid. 
Wagner, 1938: Fringillid. 

Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis gud Argyropulo 
Smit. 1952: ?fringillid (in Caucasus). 

Frontopsylla laeta (Jordan & Rothschild) 
Allan, 1950: Delichon urbica; {Frontopsylla laetus Jordan), 
loff. 1949: Delichon urbica (in Caucasus) ; (Frontopsylla laeta). 
Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; ( Cerate phyllus laetus). 
Rothschild, 1952a: Delichon urbica urbica; {Frontopsylla laetus (Jordan 

& Rothschild)). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: House martin; (Frontopsylla laetus). 
Smit, 1952: House martin. 

Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) laeta (Jordan and Rothschild) 
Smit, 1952: Delichon urbica. 

Frontopsylla laponica (Nordberg) 

Nordberg, 1934: Riparia riparia; {Acanthopsylla lapponica (sic) Nord- 
berg) . 

Rothschild, 1952a: Sand martin; {Frontopsylla lapponica (sic) Nord- 
berg). 

Stadler, 1948: Riparia sp. ; {Frentopsylla (sic) lapponica (sic) Nord- 
berg) . 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia: {Frontopsylla lapponica 
(sic) Nordberg). 

Wagner, 1938: Riparia riparia; {Frontopsylla lapponica (sic) Nordberg). 

Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) laponica (Nordberg) 

Smit, 1952: Riparia riparia; {Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) lapponica (sic) 
(Nordberg)). 

Family CERATOPHYLLIDAE 
Ceratophyllus sp. 
Bacon, 1953: Petrochelidon albifrons. 
Beier, 1937: Birds' nests. 
Dampf, 1908b: Clivicola riparia. 

Dobroscky, 1925: Bluebird, house wren, bank swallow, house sparrow. 
Eichler, 1939b: Sparrow. 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Meisen, Rotkehlchen. 
Johnson, 1930: Bluebird. 
Noller, 1919: Starling. 
— , 1920: Starling, Hirundo urbica. 



288 

Roy, 1946: Birds' nests. 

Smit, 1946: Larus sp. 

Snyder and Shannon, 1919: Riparia riparia (Linnaeus) S & W. 

Speiser, 1909: Birds' nests. 

Szekessy, 1948: Columba domestica L. 

Thompson, 1935a: Chelidon u. urbica L. 

Tiraboschi, 1904: Birds' nests. 

Titschack, 1929: Uferschwalbe. 

Geratophyllus arvensis (Dale) 

Dale, 1878: Skylark; [Ceratopsyllus arvensis Dsde) . 
Rothschild, 1903: Skylark; {Ceratopsyllus arvensis T)dL\e) . 
Wagner, 1930: Skylark; (Ceratophyllus arvensis T)a.\e) . 

Geratophyllus auritus (Fabricius) 
Ritsema, 1880: Picus viridis L.; {Pulex auritus Fab.). 
Taschenberg, 1880: Picus viridis L.; {Pulex auritus Fab.). 

Geratophyllus borealis Rothschild 

Bagnall, 19 18 — 1921 : Anthus obscurus, Sula bassana, birds' nests. 

Dampf, 1945: Anthus obscurus. 

Eichler, 1938b: Birds' nests. 

Ewing and Fox, 1943: Sula bassana. 

Henriksen, 1939: Motacilla alba. 

Jellison, 1952: Sula bassana. 

Jordan, 1928: Montijringilla nivalis. 

— , 1932: Sula bassana. 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Pyrrhocorax graculus. 

, 1923a: ^7Zi/lU5 sp. 

Joy, 1 908 : Gannet or cormorant. 
Lindroth, 1931 : Motacilla alba. 

Nordberg, 1934: Pica pica, Pyrrhula pyrrhula, Passer domesticus, Fring- 
illa coelebs, Alauda arvensis, Anthus pratensis, A. spinoletta, Motac- 
illa alba, Sylvia borin, Turdus pilaris, T. philomelus (sic), T. music- 
us, T. nierula, Falco peregrinus, Accipiter nisus. 
■ — ■ , 1936: Alauda arvensis L., Anthus pratensis L., A. spinoletta litor- 
alis (sic) Brehm, Bubo bubo L., Pica pica L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., 
Turdus philomelus (sic) Brehm, T. musicus L., T. merula L., Ac- 
cipiter nisus L., Passer domesticus L., Motacilla alba L. 
O'Mahony, 1941 : Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe L. 
— ■ , 1941a: Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe L. 
• — • , 1942: Delichon u. urbica L. 

— , 1948: Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe (L.). 

Rothschild, Miriam, 1948: Larus argentatus Pont., Cinclus cinclus (L.), 
Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe (L.), Alauda arvensis L., Anthus pra- 
tensis (L.), A. spinoletta (L.), Accipiter nisus L., Falco peregrinus 
Tunst., Fringilla coelebs L., Motacilla alba L., Passer domesticus L., 



289 

Pica pica (L.). Pyrrhula pyrrhula (L.), Sylvia borin (Bodd.), 
Turdus pilaris L., T. philomelus (sic) Brehm, T. musicus L., T. 
merula L. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Wheatear, European cuckoo, puffin. 

Rothschild, N. Charles, 1907: ?Sula bassana. 

— , igi"^: Gannet, Anthus obscurus. 

— , igi^: Sula bassana, Anthus obscut us. 

Seguy, 1944: Rissa tridactyla (L.), Larus argentatus Pontopp., Cinclus 
sp., Montifringilla nivalis (L.), Sula bassana (L.), Anthus obscurus 
(Roths.). 

Thompson, 1937c: Oena?itlie oenanthe oenanthe (L.). 

— , 1952a: Oenanthe oenanthe L. 

— , 1953c: Wheatear. 

— , 1954a: ?gannet, Cinclus cinclus (L.), Anthus spinoletta (L.), 
Sterna macrura Naum., Larus argentatus argentatus Pontpd., 
Oenanthe oenanthe (L.), Delichoyi urbica urbica (L.), Fratercula 
artica (sic) grabae (Brehm). 

Turk, 1946: Fratercula arctica (Br.), Larus argentatus Pont. 
Wagner, 1930: Birds' nests. 

— , 1936a: Birds' nests built on the ground. 
Waterston, 1908: Cinclus aquaticus. 

— , 1910a: Larus argentatus. 

— , 1914: Sterna macrura, Anthus obscurus, Cinclus aquaticus, Larus 
argentatus, Sula bassana. 

Williamson, 1952: Wheatear; (Ceratophyllus borealis). 

— , 1952a: Oenanthe oenanthe; (Ceratophyllus borealis). 

Ceratophyllus caliotes Jordan 

Jordan, 1937a: Chelidonaria urbica. 
Wagner, 1938: Chelidonaria urbica. 

Ceratophyllus celsus apricus Jordan 

Jordan, 1929: Petrochelidon fulva. 

Stadler, 1948: Petrochelidon fulva cavicola. 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Petrochelidon fulva cavicola. 

Ceratophyllus celsus celsus Jordan 
Bacon, 1953: Riparia riparia. 
Baerg, 1944: Petrochelidon albifrons albifrons (Raf.) ; [Ceratophyllus 

celsus Jord.). 
Fox, 1940: Northern cliff swallow; {Ceratophyllus celsus Jordan). 
Fuller, 1943a: Cliff swallow; {Ceratophyllus celsus Jordan) . 
Holland, 1940: Riparia riparia L. 
Hubbard, 1947: Bank swallow. 

Jellison, 1940: Riparia riparia; {Ceratophyllus celsus Jord.). 
Jellison, Kohls, and Mills, 1943: Petrochelidon albifrons, Riparia rip- 



290 

Niethammer, 1937: Riparia riparia riparia (L.) ; (Ceratophyllus celsus). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia: {Ceratophyllus celsus Jordan). Petro- 

chelidon albijrons; (Ceratophyllus celsus celsus). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia, Petrochelidon albijrons; 

[Ceratophyllus celsus Jord.). 

Ceratophyllus columbae (Walckenaer & Gervais) 
Allan, 1950: Columba livia: [Ceratophyllus columbae Walckenaer & 

Gervais). 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921 : Columba livia; [Ceratophyllus columbae Gerv.). 
Baker, 1904: Columba livia; [Ceratophyllus columbae (Walckener (sic) 

& Gerv.) Rothschild). 
Baudet, 1929: Taubenschlagen; [Ceratophyllus columbae Walckener 

(sic) & Gervais). 
Dale, 1878: Pigeon; [Ceratopsyllus columbae Steph.). 

— , 1890: Pigeon; [Ceratophyllus columbae Walker). 

Dampf, 1908: Taubenschlage, Columba livia, Sperling, Schwalben; [Ce- 
ratophyllus columbae (Gervais)). 
— • , 1908a: Taubenschlage; [Ceratophyllus columbae (Gervais)). 

— . 1926: Pigeons; (Ceratophyllus columbae). 

de Sequeira, 1944: Pigeon; (Ceratophyllus columbae) . 

Eichler, 1938b: Haustauben, Columba livia, C. oenas, Acrocephalus 
schoenobacnus, Turdus philomelos, Sturnus vulgaris. 

Heselhaus, 19 15: Sturnus vulgaris L., Columba domestica L. 

Jancke, 1938: Pigeon, owl, Turdus musicus L., Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Columba livia: [Ceratophyllus columbae 
Walckenaer & Gervais). 

Kemper, 1938a: Haustaube, Hohltaube: [Ceratophyllus columbae Ste- 
phens). 

Kolenati, 1863: Pigeon; [Trichopsylla (?) columbae V>ouch.k) . 

Lehnert, 1933: Taube, Schilfrohrsanger; [Ceratophyllus columbae Wal- 
ker) . 

Martini, 1923: Pigeon; (Ceratophyllus columbae). 

Menegaux, 1939: Columba livia livia Gmelin, sparrow; [Ceratophyllus 
columbae Stephens). 

Nordberg, 1934: Columba domestica, C. oenas; [Ceratophyllus columbae 
Stephens). 

— , 1936: Columba domestica L., C. oenas L.; [Ceratophyllus col- 
umbae Stephens). 

Olivier, 1904: Pigeon. Columba livia: [Ceratophyllus columbae Walcke- 
naer & Gervais). 

O'Mahony, 1939: Columba livia Gmelin; [Ceratophyllus columbae Wal- 
ckenaer & Gervais). 

— , 1940: Pigeon; [Ceratophyllus columbae Walckenaer & Gervais). 

— , ig^8: Phalacocorax (sic) aristotelis aristotelis (L.); [Ceratophyllus 
columbae Walckenaer & Gervais). 

Peus, 1938: Pigeon. 



291 

Peus, 1938a: Taubenschlagen : [Ceratophyllus columbae Stephens). 
Ritsema, 1873: Columba livia Gessn.: {Trichopsylla (?) columbae 
Bouche ) . 

— , 1880: Columba livia Geoffr. ; {Pulex columbae Gervais). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Columba livia, wood pigeon, domestic pi- 
geon; {Ceratophyllus columbae Walckenaer & Gervais). 

Rothschild, 1900: Columba livia. 

— , 1915: Columba livia; {Ceratophyllus columbae Gervais). 

Seguy, 1938a: Colombin, pigeon biset; {Ceratophyllus columbae (Ste- 
phens ) ) . 

Seidel, 1932: Acrocephalus schoenobaenus: {Ceratophyllus columbae 
Walk.). 

— , 1937: Columba livia L., Tauben, Turdus philomelos Br., Sturnus 
vulgaris L.; {Ceratophyllus columbae Stephens). 

Wagner, 1927: Haustauben; {Ceratophyllus columbae Roths.). 

— ■ , 1936a: Columba livia: {Ceratophyllus columbae Steph.). 
Walker. 1856: Pigeon; {Pulex columbae Steph.). 
Walsh, 1938: Domestic pigeon; {Ceratophyllus columbae Stephens). 
^Vaterston, 1910a: Columba livia; {Ceratophyllus columbae Walck.). 

— • , 1914: Columba livia: {Ceratophyllus columbae Gerv.). 
Wolffhugel, 1910: Pigeon. 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus columbae Gervais). 

Ceratophyllus delichoni Nordberg 
Nordberg, 1934: Delichon urbica, Apus apus. 

— , 1936: Delichon urbica L., Apus apus L. 
Wagner, 1938: Chelidonaria urbica. 

Ceratophyllus diffinis Jordan 

Fuller. 1943a: Seiurus aurocapillus. 

Holland, 1949: Melospiza melodia morphna; Turdus migratorius. 

Hubbard, 1947: Dumetella carolinensis. 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Galeoscoptes carolinensis. 

Jordan, 1928a: Galeoscoptes carolinensis. 

— , 1929a: Seiurus aurocapillus L., Dumetella carolinensis carolinen- 
sis L., Hylocichla fuscescens juscescens Stephens, Planesticus mi- 
gratorius migratorius L., Sialia sialis sialis L.. Troglodytes aedon 
acdon Vieil. 

— ■ , 1929b: Birds' nests. 

Ceratophyllus farreni farreni Rothschild 

Allan. 1950: Delichon urbica; {Ceratophyllus farreni Kothschild) . 
Baer, 1951 : Swallow; {Ceratophyllus farreni Rothschild). 
Bagnall, 19 18 — 1921: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratophyllus farreni Koths.) . 
Carr, 1916: House martin: {Ceratophyllus farreni Roths.). 



29- 

Dampf, 1908: Columba palumbus, Chelidonaria urbica; {Ceratopliyllus 
farreni Roths.). 

— , 1908a: Swallow; {Ceratophyllus farreni Koths.) . 

— , 1908b: Chelidonaria urbica, Hirundo rustica; [Ceratopliyllus far- 
reni Roths.). 

Eichler, 1938b: Delichon urbica. 

— , iQ'^gh: Martula urbica h.; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Koths.). 
Evans, 1906a: Martin's nest occupied by sparrows; {Ceratopliyllus far- 
reni Roths.). 

Jacobson, 1940: Mehlschwalbe ; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Rothschild) . 

Jancke, 1938: Delichon urbica L., Columba palumbus L.; {Ceratopliyl- 
lus farreni (Roths.)). 

Jeffery, 1922: Chelidon urbica; (Ceratopliyllus farreni). 

Morley, 1947: Wood pigeon; {Ceratopliyllus Farreni, Roth.). 

Morley and Atmore, 19 15: Wood pigeon; {Ceratopsyllus farreni Roths.). 

Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.). 

Nordberg, 1934: Bubo bubo, Accipiter gentilis, A. nisus; {Ceratopliyllus 
farreni Roths. ) . 

— , 1936: Falco peregrijius Tunst., Accipiter gentilis L., A. nisus L.; 
{Ceratopliyllus farreni Roths.). 

O'Mahony, 1939a: Delichon u. urbica (L.) ; {Ceratopliyllus farreni 
Roths.). 
— • , 1944: Chelidon urbica urbica L. 

Peus, 1938: Hausschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe; {Ceratopliyllus farreni 
Roths.). 

Rothschild, 1947: Delichon urbica (L.) ; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Roths.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: House martin, swallow; {Ceratopliyllus far- 
reni Roths. ) . 

Rothschild, 1905: Columba palumbus, Chelidon urbica; {Ceratopliyllus 
farreni Rothschild ) . 

— , 1915: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratopliyllus far re ni Roths. ) . 
Russell, 191 3: House martin; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Roths.). 
Slater, 1926: House martin; {Ceratopliyllus farreni. Roths.). 
Thompson, 1938b: Delichon u. urbica (L.); {Ceratopliyllus farreni 

Roths.). 
Turk, 1946: Delichon urbica (L.) ; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Roths.). 
Wagner, 1936a: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Roths.) . 

— , 1939: Hausschwalben, Rauchschwalben; {Ceratopliyllus farreni 
Roths.). 

Wagner and Wassilieff, 1933: Swallow; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Roth.). 
Walsh, 1938: House martin; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Roths.). 
Waterston, 1906: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Roths.). 

• — ■ , 1909: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Roths.) . 

— - , 1910a: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratophyllus farreni Roths.) . 

— , 1914: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratopliyllus farreni Roths.) . 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus farreni Roths.). 



293 

Ceratophyllus farreni meridionalis Jordan & Rothschild 
Eichler, 1938b: Dclichon urhica meridio7ialis Hartert; (Ceratophyllus 

farreni meridionalis). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 1912a: Chelidon urhica meridionalis. 

— . 1923b: Chelidonaria urbica. 

Ceratophyllus freyi Nordberg 
Nordberg, 1934: Riparia riparia. 

— , 1936: Riparia riparia L. 
\Vagner, 1938: Riparia riparia. 

Ceratophyllus fringillae (Walker) 

Ash, 1952: Turdus merula L., Aegithalos caudatus (L.), Parus caeruleus 
L., P. major L., Sturnus vulgaris L. ; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Wal- 
ker). 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Passer domesticus. Accentor modularis, swift; 
{Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 

Baker, 1904: Chloris chloris. Passer domesticus; {Ceratophyllus fringil- 
lae (Walker) Baker). 

Boyd, 1951: Passer domesticus, Delichon urhica, Hirundo rustica; (Ce- 
ratophyllus fringillae). 

Britten, 1920: House sparrow, carrion crow; {Ceratophyllus fringillae 
Walker). 

Dale, 1878: Chaffinch; {Ceratopsyllus fringillae Steph.). 

— , 1890: Finches; {Ceratophyllus fringillae 'Walker). 

Dampf, 1908: Passer domesticus, Cypselus apus, Parus major, Schwal- 
ben; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 
— • , 1908a: Swallow, Passer domesticus. 

— , 1908b: Motacilla alha; (Ceratophyllus fringillae). 

— , 1926: House sparrow, birds' nests. 

Eichler, 1938b: Passer sp., birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Wal- 
ker) . 

Evans, 1906: Passer domesticus; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 

Ewing, 1929: Passer domesticus L.; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walk.). 

Freeman, 1 939 : House sparrow. 

Hamm, 1939a: House sparrow; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 

Jancke, 1938: Passer domesticus L., crow's nest in England. 

Jeffery, 1922: Passer domesticus ; (Ceratophyllus fringillae). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1: Passer domesticus; {Ceratophyllus fring- 
illae Walker) . 

— . 1920b: Sturnus vulgaris. Passer domesticus: {Ceratophyllus fring- 
illae Walker) . 

Kolenati, 1863: Fringilla sp.; {Trichopsylla (?) fringillae Stephens). 
Lehnert, 1933: Sperling; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 



294 

Menegaux, 1932: Pigeon; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 
— ■ 3 1939: Sparrow, fringillids; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Wa-lker) . 

Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; {Ceratophyllus fring- 
illae Walker). 

Nordberg, 1934: Pyrrhula pyrrhula, Fringilla coelebs, Passer domesticus, 
Emberiza hortulana, Motacilla alba, Parus borealis, Regulus regulus, 
Muscicapa striata, Turdus sp., T. pilaris, T. philomelus (sic), T. 
musicus, Falco tinnunculus, F. peregrinus: {Ceratophyllus fringillae 
Walker). 

— , 1936: Emberiza hortulana L., Bubo bubo L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., 
Fringilla coelebs L., Regulus regulus L., Sylvia borin Bodd., Turdus 
pilaris L., T. philomelus (sic) Brehm, T. musicus L., Passer dome- 
sticus L., Parus atricapillus L., Muscicapa striata Pall., M. hypoleuca 
Pall., Falco tinnunculus L.; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 

Olivier, 1904: Passer domesticus, Fringilla chloris; {Ceratophyllus fring- 
illae Walker). 

Owen and Ash, 1955: Parus major, P. caeruleus. 

Peus, 1938: Spatzen, Schwalben, Seglern; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Wal- 
ker). 

Ritsema, 1873: Passer domesticus Gessn.; {Trichopsylla (?) fringillae 
Steph.). 

— , 1880: Passer domesticus L.; {Pulex fringillae Walker). 
Rothschild, 1947: Delichon urbica (L.), Hirundo rustica L.; {Cerato- 
phyllus fringillae Walker) . 

— , 1952a: PApus apus (L.), Delichon urbica urbica. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Swift, house sparrow, skylark, great tit. 
pied wagtail, starling, house martin, swallow; {Ceratophyllus fring- 
illae Walker). 

Rothschild, 1903a: Passer domesticus, Cypselus apus, Parus major; 
{Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 

— , igi^: Passer domesticus h.; {Ceratophyllus fringillae \M3i\k.). 
Seguy, 1938a: Moineau, birds' nests. 

— , 1944: Passer domesticus L., crow, birds' nests. 

Seidel, 1932: Passer domesticus, P. montanus: {Ceratophyllus fringillae 
Walker). 

— , 1937: Passer domesticus L., P. montanus L. ; {Ceratophyllus fring- 
illae Walker). 

Thompson, 1937c: Passer domesticus domesticus (L.) : {Ceratophyllus 

fringillae Walker). 
Titschack, 1929: Turmschwalbe ; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 
Wagner, 1927: Sparrow; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 

— ■ , ig'^2 : Erithacus phoenicurus; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Wddker) . 

■ — , 1936a: Sparrow, birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 

— , 1939: Fringillidae; {Ceratophyllus fringillae 'Wa.lkev) . 
Walker, 1856: Sparrow; {Pulex fringillae Steph.). 

Walsh, 1938: Skylark; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 

Waterston, 1910a: Syrnium aluco, M(uscicapa) lugubris, Musicapa (sic) 



295 

grisola, Passer domesticus, Fringilla coelehs, Chelidon urhica; (Cer- 
atophyllus fringillae Roths. ) . 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker). 



Ceratophyllus gallinae gallinae (Schrank) 

Allan, 1950: Birds' nests, Sturnus vulgaris, Troglodytes troglodytes, Pa- 
rus caeruleus, Passer domesticus; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L.; (Ceratophyllus 
gallinae). 

Ash, 1952: Turdus merula L., Fringilla coelehs (L.), Aegithalos caudatus 
(L.), Prunella modularis (L.), Carduelis cannabina (L.), Certhia 
familiaris L., Muscicapa striata (Pall.), Phylloscopus trochilus (L.), 
Parus caeruleus L., P. major L., Troglodytes troglodytes L., Sturnus 
vulgaris L., Sitta europaea Blyth, Perdix perdix (L.), Athene noctua 
Brehm; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Bacot, 1 9 14: Blue tit in India; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Baer, 1951 : Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Bagnall, 1918 — 192 1: Chelidon urbica ,Regulus cristatus, Emberiza 
schoeniclus, Erithacus rubecula, Cypselus apus. Accentor, modul- 
aris, Passer domesticus, Columba aenas (sic), Turdus viscivorus, 
Emberiza citrinella, birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.). 

Baker, 1904: Aegithalos roseus, Columba oenas, Erithacus rubecula, 
Meleagris gallipavo (sic), Merula merula; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
(Schrank)). Sturnus vulgaris; {Ceratophyllus sturni (Gervais) Ba- 
ker). 

Baudet, 1929: Vogel; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.). 

Biester and DeVries, 1943: English sparrow, bluebird, tree swallow; 
(Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Biester and Schwarte, 1952: English sparrow, bluebird, tree swallow; 
(Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Bignell, 1891 : Chelidon urbica; (Pulex gallinae). 

Boyd, 1932: Passer montanus montanus, blue tit, starling, little owl; 
{Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank) . 

— , 1935a: Passer montanus montanus; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank). 

— , 1935b: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 
— ■ , 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Boyd, Elizabeth, 1951: Birds' nests, house martin, barn swallow, Sialia 
sialia (sic), Iridoprocne bicolor, starling; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 
Britten, 1916: Woodpecker; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

— , 1920: Redstart, carrion crow, tawny owl, long-eared owl, black- 
bird, sparrow, other birds; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.). 

Biittiker, 1944: Micropus apus L.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae L., C. gallinea 

(sic)). 
Carrick, 1939: Rissa tridactyla tridactyla L.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 

(Schrank) ). 



296 

Dale, 1878: Blackbird; [Ceratopsyllus merulae Dale). Whitethroat; 
(Ceratopsyllus cinereae Dale. Costa Lima lists this species under 
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale), also.). Song-thrush; [Cer- 
atopsyllus turdi Dale. Costa Lima lists this species under Dasypsyll- 
us gallinulae gallinulae (Dale), also.). Stock-dove; (Ceratopsyllus 
aenas (sic) Dale). Jackdaw; (Ceratopsyllus monedulae Dale). Star- 
ling; (Ceratopsyllus sterni (sic) Curt.). 

Dampf, 1908: Hirundo urhica, Sturnus vulgaris, Turdus merula, Eritlia- 
cus rubecula, Acredula rosea, Columba oenas, C. livia. Passer dome- 
sticus; (Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)). 
— - , 1908a: Swallow, Sperling; (Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.)). 
— - , 1908b: Sturnus vulgaris, Chelidonaria urhica, Hirundo rustica, 

Motacilla alba; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 
— ■ , 191 1 : Birds' nests, Certhia brachydactyla: (Ceratophyllus gallinae 
(Schrank) ). 

Edwards, 1925a: Birds" nests; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Eichler, 1938b: Parus major, P. caeruleus, Gartenbaumlaufer, Gebirg- 
stelze, Haussperling, Kleiber, Star, Wendehals; (Ceratophyllus galli- 
nae Schrank). 

Evans, 1906a: Martin's nest occupied by sparrows, starling, jackdaw; 
(Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Fox, 1940: Bluebird; [Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)). 

Freeman, 1939: Wren, starling; [Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)). 

Fuller, 1943a: Sialia sialis, Sturnus vulgaris, Iridoprocne bicolor; (Cer- 
atophyllus gallinae (Schrank) ) . 

Galli-Valerio, 1930a: Passer domesticus; (Ceratophyllus avium Tasch.). 

Gibson, 1930: American long-eared owl; [Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.). 

Gravenhorst, 1828: Hausschwalben ; (Pulex rufus). 

— , 1832: Schwalben; (Pulex hirundinis, ? Pulex rufus). 
Hamm, 1939a: Wren, starling; (Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 
Hase, 1935: Sparrow; [Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Henriksen, 1928 — 1937a: Birds' nests, starling, sparrow; [Ceratophyllus 
gallinae Schrank). 

— , 1939: Motacilla alba; [Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 
Henriksen and Lundbeck, 19 18: Emberiza nivalis; [Ceratophyllus galli- 
nae Schrank). 

Herter, 1952: Parus major L.; [Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 
— ■ , 1953: Birds' nests, Parus major; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Heselhaus, 1915: Sturnus vulgaris L., Passer domesticus L., Motacilla 
sp., Meisen, Rotkehlchen; [Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.)). 

Hilger, 1899: Swallow; [Ceratophyllus gallinae Bouch6) . 

Hutyra, Marek, and Manninger, 1946: Pigeon; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Jacobson, 1940: Fringilla coelebs. Star; [Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank). 

Jancke, 1938: Birds' nests, swallow, dove, Syrnium aluco L., Oriolus 
oriolus L., Phasianus colchicus L., Pica pica L.; [Ceratophyllus galli- 
nae (Schrank) ). 



297 

Jeffery, 1922: Accipiter nisus, Sturnus vulgaris, Asio otus; (Ccratophyl- 

lus gallinae) . 
Jellison and Good, 1942: Passer domesticus, Sialia sialis, Iridoprocne 

bicolor; {C e r at ophyllus gallinae (Schrank)). 
Jordan, 1928: Parus alpestris; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

— , 1928a: Passer domesticus, Sialia sialis sialis, Iridoprocne bicolor; 
{Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

— . I g2g3i : Siala sialis sialis; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.) . 

— • , 1929b: Passer domesticus; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

— , I Q'^y: Sialia sialis; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Sch.ra.nk) . 

Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1: Parus major, sparrow; {Ceratophyllus 
gallinae Schrank). 
— • , 1914a: Parus cristatus; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

— , I g2oh: Parus caer ulcus, t\\v\\^h.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank) . 
Judd, 1954: T Urdus migratorius, Sayornis phoehe; {Ceratophyllus galli- 
nae (Schrank) ). 

Kemper, 1938: Birds' nests; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

— , 1938a: Taubenschlagen, birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank). 

Lameere, 1946a: Birds' nests; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Lehnert, 1933: Sperhng, Hausrotschwanz, Fhegenfanger, Zaunkonig, 
Rauchschwalbe; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)). 

Levi, 1 941: Pigeon; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Lindroth, 1931: Motacilla alba, Eidernestern, birds' nests; {Ceratophyl- 
lus gallinae Schrank). 

Mallis, 1945: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.). 

Malloch, 1907: StarHng; {Trichopsylla gallinae Schrank). 

Martini, 1923: Sperhng; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Meinert, 1896: Sparrow, swallow; {Pule x gallinae (Schr.) Bouche). 

Menegaux, 1932: Dove-cotes; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

— , 1939: Gallinaceous birds, passerine birds; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank ) . 

Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Pigeon, birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
(Schrank) ). 

— , 1952: Pigeon; (Ceratophyllus gallinae) . 
Nielsen, 1909: Emberiza nivalis; {Pule.x gallinae Bouche). 
Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; (Ceratophyllus galli- 
nae). 

Nordberg, 1931 : Birds" nests; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

— , 1934: Corvus coriiix, Colaeus (sic) monedula. Pica pica, Sturnus 
vulgaris, Pyrrhula pyrrhula, Fringilla coelebs, Passer domesticus, 
Alauda arvensis, Anthus pratensis, A. spinoletta, Motacilla alba, 
Lanius collurio, Certhia familiaris, Parus sp., P. major, P. ater, P. 
borealis, Regulus regulus, Muscicapa striata, M. atricapilla, Phyll- 
oscopus abietinus, P. trochilus, Sylvia borin, S. communis, Turdus 
sp., T. pilaris, T. philomelus (sic), T. musicus, T. merula, Oenanthe 



298 

oenanthe, Saxicola ruhetra, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Erithacus ru- 
heculus (sic), Hirundo rustica, Delichon urhica, Dryobates major, 
Dryocopus martins, Aegalius (sic) funereus, Bubo bubo, Falco tin- 
ninculus, F. peregrinus, Accipiter nisus, A. gentilis, Buteo buteo, 
Mergus merganser, Larus juscus, Columba oenas, Somateria mollis- 
sima; [Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)). 

— , 1936: Corvus comix L., Colaeus (sic) monedula L., Pica pica L., 
Sturnus vulgaris L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula L., Fringilla coelebs L., Pas- 
ser domesticus L., Alauda arvensis L., Anthus pratensis L., A. 
spinoletta litoralis (sic) Brehm, Motacilla alba L., Certhia jamiliaris 
L., Parus major L., P. ater L., P. atricapillus L., Regulus regulus L., 
Muscicapa striata Pall., M. hypoleuca Pall., Phylloscopus trochilus 
L., Sylvia borin Bodd., S. communis Lath., Turdus pilaris L., T. 
philomelus (sic) Brehm, T. musicus L., T. merula L., Oenanthe 
oenanthe L., Saxicola rubetra L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus L., 
Erithacus rubecula L., Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L., 
Dryobates major L., Dryocopus martius L., Aegolius funereus L., 
Bm6o /?m6o L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., F. tinnunculus L., Buteo 
buteo L., Accipiter gentilis L., .4. nnus^ L., Haliaetus (sic) albicilla 
L., Mergus merganser L., Columba oenas L., C. domestica L., Larus 
juscus L..; {Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)). 

Olivier, 1904: Starling, merle, rouge-gorge; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 

Schrank) . 
O'Mahony, 1939: Sturnus v. vulgaris L., Fringilla c. gengleri Klein; 

{Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

— , 1939a: Sturnus v. vulgaris L., Passer d. domesticus (L.), Parus c. 
obscurus Praz., Turdus v. viscivorus L., T. e. ericetorum Turt., T. 
m. merula L., Prunella m. occidentalis (Hart.), Troglodytes t. tro- 
glodytes L. ; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

— , 1 941 : Parus m. newtoni Praz., Passer domesticus domesticus (L.) ; 
{Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Otten, 1941 : Delichon urbica L.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Owen and Ash, 1955: Parus major, P. caeruleus, Sitta europaea, Tro- 
glodytes troglodytes, Turdus merula; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank). 

Patton, 1931 : Birds' nests; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Patton and Evans, 1929: Stone chat; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Peus, 1938: Drosseln, Grasmiicken, Rotkehlchen, Rotschwanzen. Flie- 
genschnapper, Laubsanger, Zaunkonig, Wasserschmatzer, Bachstel- 
zen, Braunelle, Fink, Spatzen, Star, Pirol, Rabenvogel, Baumlaufer, 
Meisen, Schwalben, Wildtauben, Eulen, Fasanen; {Ceratophyllus 
gallinae (Schrank)). 

— , 1938a: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 
Ritsema, 1873: Callus gallorum Less.; {Trichopsylla (?) gallinae 

Schrank). 
— • , 1880: Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Ceratophyllus sturni Dale). Hirundo 
sp.; {Pulex rufus Gravenhorst) . 



299 

Rothschild, 1947: Delichon urbica (L.), Hirundo rustica L.; {Cerato- 
phyllus gallinae). 

— , 1952: Corvus cor ax L., C. corone L., C. frugilegus L., C. monedula 
L., Pica pica (L.), Sturnus vulgaris L., Chloris chloris (L.), Cardu- 
elis carduelis (L.), C. spinus (L.), Fringilla coelebs L., Emberiza 
citrinella L., £. schoeniclus (L.), Passer domesticus (L.), P. monta- 
nus (L.), Alauda arvensis L., Anthus pratensis (L.), ^. spinoletta 
(L.), Motacilla alba yarrelli Gould, Certhia familiaris (L.), 5'fifa 
europoea (sic) L., Parus major L., P. coeruleus (sic) L., P. ain- 
capillus L., Aegithalos caudatus (L.), Muscicapa striata (Pall.), -A^- 
hypoleuca (Pall.), Regulus regulus (L.), Phylloscopus collybita 
(Vieill.), P. sibilatrix (Bechst.), Locustella naevia (Bodd.), ^cro- 
cephalus schoenoboenus (sic) (L.), Sylvia nisoria (Bechst.), 5. 6orm 
(Bodd.) , S. communis Lath., Turdus viscivorus L., T. ericetorum 
Turton, T. merula L., Phoenicurus phoenicurus (L.), P. ochrurus 
(sic) (L.), Erithacus rubecula (L.), Prunella modularis (L.), Trog- 
lodytes troglodytes (L.), Cinclus cinclus (L.), Hirundo rustica L., 
Delichon urbica (L.), Riparia riparia (L.), .4j&W5 a/7M5 (L.), Picus 
viridis L., Dryobates major (L.), /ynx torquilla L., Athene noctua 
(Scop.), ^^zo o^u5 (L-), '5'^m- a/uco (L.), Tj'fo a/foa (Scop.), Accipi- 
ter nisus (L.), Hydrobates pelagicus (L.), Fulmarus glacialis (L.), 
Columba palumbus L., C. og'na^ L., C. /z'yza Gm., i?ma tridactyla (L.) , 
Fratercula arctica (L.), Gallinula chloropus fL.), Lagopus scoticus 
(Lath.), Phasianus colchicus L.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.)). 

Rothschild and Bossanyi, 1947a: Corvus coro?ie L. ; {Ceratophyllus gall- 
inae Schrank) . 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Sparrow, starling, sparrow-hawk, swallow, 
pheasant, swift, owl, crow, blue tit, great tit, crested tit, black red- 
start, sand martin, puffin ; {Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)). 

Rothschild, 1900: Sturnus vulgaris, Turdus merula, Erithacus rubecula, 
Acredula rosea, Columba oeneas (sic) ; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
{ Schrank ) ) . 

— , 1903: Jackdaw, blackbird, whitethroat, stock-dove, songthrush; 
{Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank) ) . 

— , 1915: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 
Russell, 1913: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 
Seguy, 1924: Pigeon; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

- — , 1938a: Gallinaceous birds, passerine birds; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
{ Schrank ) ) . 

— , 1944: Parus alpestris Bailly, Siala (sic) sialis L., Iridoprocne bi- 
color Vieillot, Passer domesticus L.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
(Schrank) ). 

Seidel, 1932: Hirundo rustica, Haussperling, Feldsperling, Erithacus ti- 
tys, Anorthura troglodytes, Colymbus cristatus, Parus major, P. 
coeruleus (sic), Corvus comix. Anas boschas, Merula merula, Ruti- 
cilla phoenicurus, Fringilla coelebs, Muscicapa grisola, Sylvia curr- 



300 

uca, Hippolais hippolais, Phylloscopus rufus. Accentor modularis. 
Sturnus vulgaris; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Seidel, 1937: Hirundo rustica L., Passer montanus L., P. domesticus L., 
Phoenicurus ochruros Gm., Troglodytes troglodytes L., Muscicapa 
striata Pall, {grisola L.), Turdus merula L., Parus caeruleus L., 
Fringilla coelebs L., Coloeus monedula L., Phoenicurus phoeni- 
curus L., Hippolais icterina UlL, Parus major L., Corvus comix L., 
Sturnus vulgaris L., .^nai' platyrhyncha L., Sylvia curruca L., Phyll- 
oscopus collybita Ull.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo rustica L.; {Pulex gallinae, P. gallinae 
Bouche). 

Stewart, 1927: Gallinaceous birds; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.). 
— • ) 1933' Po^sser domesticus domesticus L.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank). 

Strickland and Merriman. 191 3: Parus major, birds' nests; (Cerato- 
phyllus gallinae). 

Taylor, 1942: Great tit; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Theobald, 1892: Thrush, robin, blackbird, house martin, sand martin; 
{Pulex gallinae Bouche). 

Thompson, 1937c: Passer domesticus domesticus (L.), Chloris chloris 
chloris (L.), Aegithalos caudatus roseus (Blyth), Parus major new- 
toni Prazak, Turdus merula merula L., Troglodytes troglodytes tro- 
glodytes (L.), Hirundo rustica rustica L. ; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank). 

— , 1938b: Hirundo r. rustica L., Micro pus a. apus (L.) ; {Ceratophyl- 
lus gallinae Schr.). 

Titschack, 1929: Meisen, Sperling, Star; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank). 

Wagner, 1903: Sturnus vulgaris L., Turdus merula L., Erithacus rube- 
cula L., Acredula rosea Blyth, Columba oenas L., Passer domesti- 
cus L., Columba livia L., Hirundo urbica L.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank). 

Wahlgren, 1907: Muscicapa ficedula L., Parus major L., Sturnus vul- 
garis L. ; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

Waterston, 1906: Turdus musicus. Passer domesticus, Ligurinus chloris, 
Corvus monedula, Alauda arvensis, Turdus merula, Parus major, 
Muscicapa grisola, Chelidon urbica; {Ceratophyllus gallinae 
Schrank). 

— , 1909: Ruticilla phoenicurus Gore., Turdus merula, Sturnus vul- 
garis. Accentor modularis, Phasianus colchicus, Anthus pratensis, M. 
lugubris. Passer domesticus, P. coerulens (sic) ; {Ceratophyllus gall- 
inae Schrank). 

— , 1910a: Cinclus aquaticus, Erithacus rubecula, Syrnium vulgaris, 
S. aluco, Parus major, P. coerulens (sic), Fringilla coelebs, Turdus 
merula, T. musicus, Columba oenas, Emberiza citrinella, Hirundo 
rustica; {Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank). 

— , 1 9 14: Passer domesticus, Turdus merula, Muscicapa grisola, Stur- 



30I 

nus vulgaris, Hirundo rustica, Columba livia: {Ceratophyllus gall- 
inae Schrank). 

Wegelin, 1934: Sperling, Mauersegler, Mehlschwalbe, Blaumeise; {Ce- 
ratophyllus aviani (sic) Tasch.). 

Williamson, 1952: Wheatear; (Ceratophyllus gallinae). 

Wolffhugel, 1910: Sturnus vulgaris, Turdus merula, Monedula turrium, 
Silvia (sic) cinerea; {Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank)). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Sturnus vul- 
garis L.; {Ceratophyllus gallinae gallinae Schrank). 



Ceratophyllus gallinae kievensis Wagner 

Wagner, 1929: Passer montanus. 
— • , 1 931: Passer montanus; {Ceratophyllus gallinae kiewensis Wag- 
ner ) . 

Ceratophyllus garei garei Rothschild 

Allan, 1950: Alauda arvensis; {Ceratophyllus garei Rothschild). 

Anonymous, 1902: Gallinula chloropus; {Ceratophyllus garei Koths.) . 

Ash, 1952: Circus pygargus (L.), Emheriza schoeniclus (L.), Anthus 
pratensis (L.), Alauda arvensis L.; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Baer, 195 1 : Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Bagnall, 19 18 — 1921: Prater cula arctica, eider duck, lark, bearded tit, 
gulls, birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Boyd, 1936: Hirundo rustica rustica; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Britten, 1920: Hawk, pheasant, partridge, waterhen, long-eared owl, 
other birds, grouse; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.) . 

Dampf, 1908b: Gallinula chloropus; {Ceratophyllus garei Koths.) . 
— ■ , 1926: Pigeon, birds' nests, water birds, marsh birds; {Ceratophyl- 
lus garei Roths. ) . 

Edwards, 1925a: Thrushes, blackbirds, grasshopper-warbler; {Cerato- 
phyllus garei). 

Eichler, 1938b: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Evans, 1904: Dafila acuta, Turdus rnusicus; {Ceratophyllus garei 
Roths.). 
— ■ , 1906: Vanellus vanellus (L.), Columba palumbus L.; {Cerato- 
phyllus garei Roths.) . 

Ewing and Fox, 1943: Gallinula chloropus; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Freeman, 1939: Old birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus garei (Roths.) ). 

Hamm, 1939a: Old birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Henriksen and Lundbeck, 19 18: Emberiza nivalis; {Ceratophyllus garei 
Roths.). 

Holland, 1949: Gallinula chloropus, Erismatura jamaicensis rubida, Zon- 
otrichia querula; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Hubbard, 1947: Gallinula chloropus, Lagopus leucurus, ringneck phea- 
sant; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 



302 

Jancke. 1938: Doves, water birds, song birds, marsh birds, Astus (sic) 
palumbarius L..; [Ceratophyllus garei (Roths.)). 

Jeffery, 1922: Anthus pratensis, Linota cannabina, Perdix cinerea, Tur- 
dus merula, Accentor modularis; (Ceratophyllus garei). 

JeUison. 1940: Phasianus colchicus; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Gallinula chloropus, Lagopus leucurus; {Ce- 
ratophyllus garei Roths. ) . 

Jellison and Kohls, 1939: Lagopus leucurus; {Ceratophyllus garei 
Roths.). 

Jellison, Kohls, and Mills. 1943: Phasianus sp.; {Ceratophyllus garei 
Roths.). 

Jordan, 1929b: Nests on ground; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

— , 1932: Gallinula chloropus, birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus garei 
Roths.). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1914a: Motacilla alba: {Ceratophyllus garei 
Roths.) 

Lehnert, 1933: Schilf rohrsanger ; {Ceratophyllus garei Koths.) . 

Leslie and Shipley, 191 2: Lapwing, ring-dove, waterhen; {Ceratophyllus 
garei Roths.). 

Nordberg, 1934: Lanius collurio, Muscicapa striata, Phylloscopus abieti- 
nus, P. trochilus, Turdus philomelus (sic), T. musicus, Erithacus 
rubeculus. Bubo bubo, Falco peregrinus, Haliaetus (sic) albicilla, 
Accipiter gentilis, A. nisus; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.) 

— , 1936: Somateria mollissima L., Anthus pratensis L., Phylloscopus 
trochilus L., Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Turdus philo- 
melus (sic) Brehm, T. musicus L., Erithacus rubecula L., Haliae- 
tus (sic) albicilla L., Accipiter gentilis L., A. nisus L., Muscicapa 
striata Pall.; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

0"Mahony, 1939: ?Larus marinus L., PFratercula a. grabae (Brehm), 
Hiru7ido r. rustica L.; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

— , 1941a: Alauda a. arvensis L.; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

— , 1949: Lark; {Ceratophyllus garei Koths.). 

Peus, 1938: Sumpfvogeln, Wasservogeln, Tauben, Singvogeln; {Cerato- 
phyllus garei Roths.) . 

— , 1939: Crow; {Ceratophyllus garei Koths.). 

Philip, 1938: Lagopus leucurus Swains. & Rich.; {Ceratophyllus garei 

Roths.). 
Rothschild, 1948: Larus argentatus Pont.; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

— , 1952: Corvus corone L., Sturnus vulgaris L., Carduelis carduelis 
(L.), C. cannabina (L.), Fringilla coelebs L., Emberiza citrinella L., 
E. calandra L., E. schoeniclus (L.), Passer sp., Alauda arvensis L., 
Anthus pratensis (L.), Motacilla alba yarrelli Gould, Panurus biar- 
micus (L.), Locustella naevia (Bodd.), Turdus ericetorum Turton, 
T. merula L., Oenanthe oenanthe (L.), Prunella modularis (L.), 
Hirundo rustica L., Jynx torquilla L., Asio otus (L.), Anas platy- 
rhyncha L., A. acuta L., Spatula clypeata (L.), Aythya fuligula 



303 

(L.), Somatcria mollissima {L.) ,Melanitta nigra (L.), Mergus serra- 
tor L., Phalacrocorax aristotelis (L.), Columba palumbus L., C. livia 
Gm., Capclla gallinago (L.), Calidris alpina (L.), Tringa totanus 
(L.), Charadrius hiaticula L., Vanellus vanellus (L.), Sterna mac- 
rura Naumann, Larus ridibundus L., L. canus L., L. fuscus L., L. 
marinus L., Stercorarius parasiticus (L.), Fratercula arctica (L.), 
Crg'x cr^x (L.), Gallinula chloropus (L.), Lagopus scoticus (Lath.), 
Phasianus colchicus L., Perdix perdix (L.), Alectoris rufa (L.); 
{Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ducks, geese, waders, sea birds, pheasant, 
eider duck, pintail, shoveler, red-breasted merganser, corn-crake, 
bearded tit, redshank, wryneck, arctic skua, long-eared owl, gold- 
finch, puffin; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Rothschild, 1902: Gallinula chloropus; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 
■ — , 1915: Alauda arvensis, Panurus biarrriicus, Larus spp. : {Cerato- 
phyllus garei Roths.) . 

Seguy, 1944: Bird's nest; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Seidel, 1932: Emberiza citrinella, Acrocephalus schoenobaenus, Lanius 
collurio; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

— . 1937: Wasservogel, Sumpfvogel, Tauben, Singvogel. Emberiza ci- 
trinella L., Acrocephalus schoenobaenus L., Lanius collurio L.; 
{Ceratophyllus garei Roths.) . 

Shipley, 1909: I'anellus vanellus, Columba palumbus, Gallinula chloro- 
pus; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

— , 191 1 : Vanellus s^)., Columba palumbus, Gallinula chloropus; {Cer- 
atophyllus garei Roths. ) . 

Smit, 1946: Turdus merula merula L.; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Thompson, 1937c: Acanthis cannabina cannabina (L.), Fringilla coelebs 
coelebs L., Locustella naevia naevia (Boddaert), Oenanthe oenan- 
the oenanthe (L.), Hirundo rustica rustica L., Anas platyrhyncha 
platyrhyncha L.; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Titschack, 1929: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus Garei Roths.). 

Verdcourt, 1945: Goldfinch; {Ceratophyllus garei Koths.). 

Wagner, 1903: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus oligochaetus Wagner). 

— , 1927: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus garei Koths.) . 

— , 1930: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus garei Koths,.) . 

— • , 1932: Acrocephalus aquaticus, Alauda arvensis, Emberiza citri- 
nella; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 
— • , 1936a: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 
Waterston, 1906: Somateria molissima (sic), Gallinago coelestis, Lago- 
pus scoticus, Gallinula chloropus; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

— , 1^0^: Gallinula chloropus; {Ceratophyllus garei Roth?,.). 

— , 1910a: Phasianus colchicus, Totanus calidris, Anas boscas, Galli- 
nago coelestis, Vanellus vulgaris, Spatula clypeata, linnet, Aegialtis 
(sic) hiaticola (sic), Perdix cinerea, Larus argentetus; {Ceratophyl- 
lus garei Roths. ) . 



304 

Waterston, 19 14: Lams spp., L. fuscus, L. ca?ius, Lagopus scoticus, 
Oedemia nigra, Columba livia, Sterna macrura, Tringa alpina, 
Phalacrocorax graculus; {Ceratophyllus garei Roths.). 

Ceratophyllus garei islandicus Wagner 

Henriksen, 1939: Sornmateria (sic) mollissima. 

Kemner, \<^'^'^: Sornmateria (sic) mollissima. 

Thoroddsen, 1915: Eider duck. (Note: Correct placement of this citation 

is questioned.). 
Wagner, 1937: Charadrius apricarius. 
■ — , 1938: Charadrius apricarius. 

Ceratophyllus gilvus Jordan & Rothschild 
Barrera, 1953: Swallow. 

Ceratophyllus glaphyrus Dampf 

Dampf, 1908: Sitta caesia. 

Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis) 
Allan, 1950: Delichon urhica; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis, C. h. Curtis). 
Baer, 1951 : Martin; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921 : Chelidon urbica; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 
Baker, 1895b: Sturnus vulgaris L.; [Pulex avium Taschenberg). 

— , 1904: Hirundo urbica; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 
Bouillon, 1859: Swallow; [Ceratophyllus hirundinus (sic)). 
Britten, 1920: House-martin; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.). 
Brumpt, 1949: Swallow. 

Carr, 1916: House martin; [Ceratophyllus hirundijiis Curtis). 

Cooreman, 1947b: Delichon urbica (L.). 

Dale, 1878: Swallow, house martin; [Ceratopsyllus hirundinis Curt.). 

— , 1890: Swallow; [Ceratophyllus hirundinus (sic) Curtis & Walker) . 
Dampf, 1907: Swallow. 

— , 1908: Chelidonaria urbica, Hirundo rustica. 

— ■ , 1908a: Chelidonaria urbica, swallow; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
(Curtis)). Clivicola riparia; (Ceratophyllus troglodytes). 

■ — , 1908b: Chelidonaria urbica, Hirundo rustica; (Ceratophyllus tro- 
glodytes). 

— , 1926: House martin, Rauchschwalbe. 

Donisthorpe, 1935: Chelidon urbica L.; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis 

Curtis). 
Eichler, 1938b: Delichon urbica: [Ceratophyllus hirundiyiis hirundinis 

Curtis). 
— " J iQ'iC)h: Martula urbica h.; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Quvi.) . 

— , 1940: Martula urbica urbica L.; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis) . 

— , 1942: Martula urbica urbica L., Hirundo rustica L.: [Ceratophyl- 
lus hirundiyiis Roths.). 

— , 1950: Mehlschwalbe; (Ceratophyllus hirundinis). 



305 

Eichler, 1952: Mehlschwalbe ; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 

Evans, 1904: Chelidon urhica: [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 

Freeman, 1939: Delichon urbica urbica (L.). 

Gravenhorst, 1832: Schwalbe; (Pulex hirundinis). (Note: "Es ist ohn- 
streitig dieselbe Art, welche der Berichterstatter bereits in dem Jahre 
1828, unter dem Namen Pulex rufus, bekannt gemacht hat."). 

Hamm, 1939a: Chelidon urbica; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 

Hase, 1938: Hirundo urbica L.; (Pulex hirundinis). 

Hennicke, 1901: Hirundo rustica L.; [Pulex hirundinis Gervais). Clivi- 
cola riparia (L.) ; (Pulex avium). 

Jacobson, 1940: Delichori urbica; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.). 

Jancke, 1938: Delichon urbica L., Hirundo rustica L. 

Jordan, 1937: Chelidonaria urbica; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1 : Chelidon urbica, Hirundo urbica; [Cerato- 
phyllus hirundinis Curtis). 

— , 1920b: Chelidonaria urbica; [Ceratophyllus hiru?idinis Curt.). 

— , 1923b: Chelido7iaria urbica; (Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.). 
Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe, Stadtschwalbe; [Pulex hirundinis Kohler). 
Leclercq and Theodorides. 1950: Delichon urbica L. ; [Ceratophyllus hir- 
undinis Curtis). 

Lehnert, 1933: Delichon urbica L.; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.). 

Low, 1867: Hirundo rustica L., Chelidon urbica Boie.; [Pulex hirundinis 
Kohler). 

Maitland, 1858: Boerenzwaluw ; [Pulex hirundinis C\xvi{%) . 

Megnin, 1880: Swallow; (Pulex hirundinis). 

Menegaux, 1939: Swallow, Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; [Ceratophyllus 
hirundinis Curtis). 

Morley, 1947: Sand martin; [Ceratophyllus Hirundinis Curtis). 

Morley and Atmore, 19 15: Sand martin; [Trichopsylla hirundinis Curt.). 

Neumann, 1941 : Pigeon cote; [Pulex avium O. Taschenberg) . 

Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Swallow; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Kohler)). 

Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; [Ceratophyllus hirundi- 
nis hirundinis Curtis). 

Nordberg, 1931 : Birds' nests; (Ceratophyllus hirundinis). 
— • , 1934: Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica, Apus apus; [Ceratophyllus 
hirmidinis Sam.). 

— , 1936: Hirundo rustica L., Delichon urbica L., Apus apus L.; [Cer- 
atophyllus hirundinis Sam.). 

Olivier, 1904: Chelidon urbica; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.). 

O'Mahony, 1939a: Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; [Ceratophyllus hirundi- 
nis Curtis). 

Otten, 1941 : Delichon urbica L.; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.). 

Peus, 1938: Hausschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe, Spatzen; [Ceratophyllus hir- 
undinis). 
— ■ , 1939: Delichon urbica, Hirundo rustica; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
Roths.). 

Railliet, 1895: Pigeon; [Pulex avium O. Taschenberg). 



3o6 

Resch, 1874: Swallow; {Pulex hirundinis Kohler). 

Ritsema, 1880: Hirundo sp.; (Pulex hirundinis, P. rufus Gravenhorst, 

Ceratophyllus hirundinis). 
Rossi, de, i860: Hirundo urbica L.; (Pulex hirundinis). 
Rothschild, 1947: Delichon urbica (L.) ; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis 

Curtis). 

— , 1952: Delichon urbica urbica, Hirundo rustica; {Ceratophyllus hir- 
undinis Curtis). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: House martin; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis 

Curtis). 
Rothschild, 1900: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 
■ — - , 1909: Cotile riparia; {Ceratophyllus phaulius Roths.). 

— , 1915: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 
Schummel, 1858: Swallow; (Pulex hirundinis). 

Seguy, 1924: Swallow; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis KohXev) . 

— , 1935a: Hirundo urbica; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Sam.). 

— , 1938a: Hirondelle des fenetres. other swallows, birds' nests. 
— ■ , 1944: Hirondelle des fenetres, Hirundo rustica L. 

Seidel, 1932: Delichon urbica, Haussperling, Feldsperling; {Ceratophyllus 

hirundinis Curtis). 
• — , 1937: Delichon urbica L., Hirundo rustica L., Passer domesticus 
L.; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Sam.). 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo urbica L.; {Pulex hirundinis, P. h. K.). 

Slater, 1926: House martin; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 

Taschenberg, E. L., 1880a: Haustaube, Sperling, Star, Schwalbe, birds' 
nests; {Pulex avium O. Taschenberg). 

Taschenberg, Otto, 1880: Pigeon, swallow, starling; {Pulex avium Ta- 
schenberg). 

Theobald, 1892: House martin, swallow, pigeon, sparrow; {Pulex hir- 
undinis Sam, Curtis, and Walker), (partim). 

Thompson, 1935a: Chelidon u. urbica L.; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
Curtis). 

— , 1937c: Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
Curtis ) . 

— , 1938b: Delichoji u. urbica (L.) ; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
Curtis). 

Titschack, 1929: Swallow, Sperling; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 
Wagner, 1903: Hirundo urbica L., H. rustica L.; {Ceratophyllus hirun- 
dinis Curtis). 

— , 1936a: Hausschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
Curtis). 

— , 1939: Hausschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
Curtis). 

Wagner and Wassilieff, 1933: Swallow; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Sam.). 
Walker, 1856: Swallow; {Pulex hirundinis Steph.). 
Walsh, 1938: House martin; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 
Waterston, 1906: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.). 
— • , 1909: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.) . 



307 

VV^aterston, igioa: Chelidon urbica; [Ceratophyllus hirundinis Roths.). 

— , 1914: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.). 
Wegelin, 1932: Blaumeise, Sperling; {Pulex avium Taschby (sic)). 

— , 1933: Mehlschwalbe ; {Pulex (Ceratophyllus) avium Taschbg.). 

— , 1934: Sperling, Mauersegler, Mehlschwalbe, Blaumeise; {Pulex 
avium L., Ceratophyllus aviarn (sic) Tasch.). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Dclichon urbica (L.) ; {Ceratophyllus 

hirundinis Curtis). 
Zavattari. 1914: Hirundo rustica L.; {Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis). 

Ceratophyllus idius Jordan & Rothschild 
Fox, 1940: Progne subis, tree swallow. 
Fuller, 1943a: Iridoprocne bicolor, Sialia sialis. 
Holland, 1949: Iridoprocne bicolor. 
Hubbard, 1947: Sialia sialis, Iridoprocne bicolor, purple martin from 

New England, house wren from New England. 
Jellison and Good. 1942: Troglodytes aedon, Sialia sialis, Iridoprocne 

bicolor. 
Jordan, 1928a: Troglodytes aedon aedon, Sialia sialis sialis, Iridiprocne 

(sic) bicolor. 

— , 1929a: Sialia sialis sialis, Iridoprocne bicolor Vieillot. 

— , 1929b: Birds' nests. 

— , 1937: Sialis (sic) sialis, Tachycincta bicolor. 
McAtee, 1927: Progne subis, swallow from British Columbia. 

— , 1929: Passer domesticus, Progne subis. 

Wagner, 1936b: Iridoprocne bicolor, Sialis (sic) sialis, Troglodytes 

aedon. 
Whitehead, 1933: Progne subis. 

Ceratophyllus lari Holland 

Holland. 1951 : Larus sp. 

Ceratophyllus maculatus Wagner 

Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.); (Ceratophyllus macu- 
latus). 
Wagner, 1927a: Delichon lagopoda. 

Ceratophyllus niger Fox 

Biester and DeVries, 1943: Birds' nests; (Ceratophyllus niger). 

Biester and Schwarte, 1952: Birds' nests; (Ceratophyllus niger). 

Ewing, 1924: Sparrow. 

Fox, 1909: Fringillid. 

Holland, 1949: Phalacrocorax sp., Turdus (?), Passer domesticus. 

Hubbard, 1947: Larus argentatus, Phalacrocorax auritus, magpie in 

Montana; {Ceratophyllus niger riiger Fox). 
Jellison and Good, 1942: Sparrow (fringillid), Phalacrocorax auritus, 

Larus argentatus. 



3o8 

Jellison and Kohls, 1939: Larus argentatus, Phalacrocorax auritus. 

Mitzmain, 1909: Passer doniesticus. 

Philip, 1938: Phalacrocorax auritus (Lesson), Larus argentatus smith- 

sonianus Coues. 
Wagner, 1936b: Sparrow. 

Ceratophyllus numidus Jordan & Rothschild 
Eichler, 1938b: Delichon urbica meridio7ialis Hartert (in Algeria); 

(Ceratophyllus hiruiidinis numidus). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 19 15: Chelidon urbica. 

— , 1923b: Chelidonaria urbica. 

Niethanimer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; (Ceratophyllus numi- 
dus). 
Wagner and Wassilieff, 1933: Swallow. 

Ceratophyllus orites Jordan 
Jordan, 1937a: Chelidonaria urbica. 
Wagner, 1938: Chelidonaria urbica. 

Ceratophyllus palmeni Nordberg 
Nordberg, 1934: Anthus pratensis. 
Wagner, 1938 -.Anthus pratensis; {Mo?iopsyllus palmeni 'Nordberg) . 

Ceratophyllus petrochelidoni Wagner 

Holland, ig^i : Petrochelidon pyrrhoriata (sic) albifrons (Raf.). 

Ceratophyllus phaulius Rothschild 

Niethammer, 1937: Riparia riparia riparia (L.) ; (Ceratophyllus hirun- 

dinis phaulius) . 
Rothschild, 1909: Cotile riparia. 

Ceratophyllus pullatus Jordan & Rothschild 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Sturnus vulgaris. Passer domesticus. 

Ceratophyllus riparius Jordan & Rothschild 
Beyer, 1938: Riparia riparia (L.). 
Fox, 1940: Riparia riparia riparia L. 
Fuller, 1943a: Riparia riparia riparia. 

— , 1943b: Riparia riparia. 
Hubbard, 1947: Riparia riparia. 
Jellison, 1940: Riparia riparia. 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Riparia riparia, Clivicola riparia, Ceryle al- 

cyon. 
Jellison, Kohls, and Mills, 1943: Riparia riparia. 
Jordan, 1929b: Riparia riparia, Ceryle alcyon. 
Jordan and Rothschild, 1920a: Riparia riparia. 
Leonard, 1926: Clivicola riparia, Ceryle alcyon. 



309 

Rothschild, 1952: Sand martin in Sweden. 
Rothschild and Clay. 1952: American sand martin. 
Shaftesbur)', 1934: Riparia riparia; (Ceratophyllus riparius). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia sp. (in United States). 

— . 1949: Riparia sp. 

Stewart, 1928: Riparia (Clivicola) riparia L. 

— , 1933: Riparia (Clivicola) riparia L., Ceryle alcyon L. 
Thompson, 1952: North American sand martin. 
Wagner. 1936b: Riparia riparia. 

Ceratophyllus rossittensis Dampf 
Dampf , 1 9 1 2 : Krahen, Nebelkrahe. 

— , 1926: Corvus comix. 
Eichler, 1938b: Corvus corone comix. 
Holland, 1954: Corvus corone L. 

Jancke, 1938: Corvus comix L.; {Ceratophyllus rossittensis (Dampf)). 
Pens, 1939: Corvus corone comix. 

— , 1941: Corvus comix comix L., Corvus c. pulchronigcr Kl.: [Cer- 
atopsyllus rossittensis Dampf). 

— , 1941a: Raubkrahe, ?Saatkrahe, ?Kolkraben: {Ceratopsyllus ros- 
sittensis Dampf) . 

Rothschild and Bossanyi, 1947: Corvus corone L. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Corvus corone: {Ceratophyllus rossittensis 

(Dampf)). 
Wagner, 1936a: Crow. 

Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner 
Allan, 1950: Delichon urbica; {Ceratophyllus dalei Rothschild). 
Baer, 1 95 1 : Swallow. 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Chelidon urbica. 
Carr, 1 9 1 6 : House martin. 
Cooreman, 1947b: Delichon urbica (L.); {Ceratophyllus rusticus 

(Wagner) ). 
Dale, 1878: Wood-pigeon; {Ceratopsyllus palumbi Dale). 
Dampf, 1926: House martin, Rauchschwalbe. 
Eichler, 1938b: Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica. 

— , 1939b: Hirundo rustica L. 

— , 1942: Hirundo rustica L., Martula urbica urbica L. 
Hamm, 1939a: House martin. 

Jacobson, 1940: Hirundo rustica, Mehlschwalbe, Haussperling. 

Jancke, 1938: Delichon urbica L., Hirundo rustica L., Columba palum- 

bus L.; {Ceratophyllus rusticus (Wagner) ). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1 : Hirundo urbica. 

— , 1920b: Chelidonaria urbica. 

Menegaux, 1939: Delichon urbica urbica (L.), Hirundo rustica rustica L. 
Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.), Hirundo rustica rustica 
L.: (Ceratophyllus rusticus). 



310 

Nordberg, 1934: Hirundo rustica, Delichon urbica. 

— , 1936: Hirundo rustica L. 
Otten, 1941 : Delichon urbica L. 

Peus, 1938: Rauchschwalbe, Hausschwalbe. 

— , ig'^g: Hiru?ido rustica, Delichon urbica. 
Rothschild, 1952: Hirundo rustica. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: House martin. 

Rothscild, 1903b: Colurnba palumbus; {Ceratophyllus dalei Roths.). 
• — , 1909: Cotile riparia: (Ceratophyllus dalei). 

— , 19 15: Chelidon urbica. 

Seguy, 1938a: Hirondelle des cheminees, hirondelle des fenetres; {Cer- 
atophyllus Dalei Roths.). 

— , 1944: Swallow. 
Seidel, 1932: Haussperling. 

— , 1937: Delichon urbica L., Hirundo rustica L., Colurnba palumbus, 
Passer dornesticus L. 

Slater, 1926: House martin ; {Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagl. (sic)). 
Thompson, 1937c: Delichon urbica urbica (L.). 

— , 1938b: Delichon u. urbica (L.). 
Titschack, 1929: Rauchschwalbe. 
Wagner, 1903: Hirundo rustica L. 

- — , 1936a: Hirundo rustica, Chelidoii urbica. 

— , 1939: Hausschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe. 

Waterston, 1910a: C(helidon) urbica; {Ceratophyllus dalei Roths.). 



Ceratophyllus spinosus Wagner 
Eichler, 1938b: Falcon. 
Peus, 1939: Falcon, owl. 



Ceratophyllus styx Rothschild 
Allan, 1950: Riparia riparia. 
Baer, 1951 : Sand martin. 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921 : Cotile riparia, Cinclus aquaticus. 
Baker, 1904: Riparia riparia. 
Britten, 1920: Sand martin, dipper. 
Carr, 19 16: Sand martin. 

Cheesman, 1932: Sand martin; {? Ceratophyllus styx Roths.). 
Cooreman, 1947b: Riparia riparia (L.); {Ceratophyllus styx (Roths.)) 
Dampf, 1907: Cotyle riparia. 

— , 1908: Clivicola riparia. 

— , 1908a: Clivicola riparia. 

— , 1926: Bank swallow. 

Eichler, 1938b: Riparia riparia riparia; {Ceratophyllus styx styx Roths.). 
■ — 3 1939b: Riparia riparia L. 

— , 1942: Riparia riparia riparia L. ; {Ceratophyllus styx styx Roths.). 



Evans, 1904: Cotile riparia. 

— , 1906: Sand martin. 

— , 19 10: Sand martin; (Ceratophyllus styx). 

Freeman, 1939: Riparia riparia riparia (L.) ; [Ceratophyllus styx 

(Roths.)). 
Hamm, 1939a: Cotile riparia. 
Heselhaus, 1915: Cotyle riparia Boie. 
Jacobson, 1940: Riparia riparia. 
Jancke, 1938: Riparia riparia L., Colyrnbus sp.; [Ceratophyllus styx 

(Roths.)). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1 : Cotyle riparia, Erdschwalbe. 
Leleup, i947i: Riparia riparia L. 
Menegaux, 1939: Riparia riparia riparia L. 
Niethammer, 1937: Riparia riparia riparia (L.) ; [Ceratophyllus styx 

styx) . 
Nordberg, 1934: Riparia riparia. 

— , 1936: Riparia riparia L. 

Olivier, 1904: Cotyle riparia: [Ceratophyllus styx Roths., C. bifasciatus 

Curtis). 
O'Mahony, 1939: Riparia r. riparia (L.). 

— , 1939a: Riparia r. riparia L. 

— , 1948: Riparia riparia riparia (L.). 
Pens, 1939: Riparia riparia. 

Ritsema, 1880: Hirundo riparia L.; [Ceratophyllus bifasciatus Curt.). 
Rothschild, 1952: Riparia riparia riparia, Cinclus cinclus, Phoenicurus 

phoenicurus. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Sand martin, Cinclus cinclus. 
Rothschild, 1900: Cotile riparia. 

— , 19 15: Cotile riparia, Cinclus aquaticus. 
Seguy, 1938a: Hirondelle de rivage, birds' nests. 

- — , 1944: Colyrnbus sp. 
Slater, 1926: Sand martin; [Ceratophyllus Styx Roths.). 
Stadler, 1948: Riparia riparia (L.). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Riparia riparia. 
Thompson, 1934: Riparia riparia riparia (L.). 

— , 1938b: Riparia r. riparia (L.). 

— 1952: Sand martin, Cinclus aquaticus. 

— , 1953b: Sand martin. 

— , 1954a: Sand martin. 
Wagner, 1903: Cotile riparia L. 

- — , 1932: Cotile riparia. 

— , 1939: Uferschwalbe. 
Wahlgren, 1907: Clivicola riparia L. 
Walsh, 1924: Sand martin. 

— , 1938: Cinclus aquaticus, Cotile riparia. 
Waterston, 1906: Cotile riparia. 

— , 1910: C riparia. 



312 

Waterston, 1910a: Cotile riparia. 

— , 1920: Sand martin; (Ceratophyllus styx). 

— , 1942: Sand martin; (Ceratophyllus styx). 

Ceratophyllus swansoni Liu 

Holland. 1954: Asio otus ssp., Corvus brachyrhynchos Brehm. 
Hubbard, 1947: Long-eared owl (in Montana). 
Jellison, 1939: American long-eared owl. 

• — , 1940: Asio wilsonianus. 
Jellison, Kohls, and Mills, 1943: Asio wilsonianus. 

Ceratophyllus trochili (Dale) 
Dale, 1878: Willow- wren ; (Ceratopsyllus trochili Y)a.le). 
Rothschild, 1903: Willow- wren ; {Ceratopsyllus trochili Dale). 
Wagner, 1930: Willow-wren; {Ceratophyllus trochili Dale). 

Ceratophyllus vagabundus alpestris Jordan 

Jordan, 1926: Pyrrhocorax graculus. 

— , 1932: Nests of various birds in Great Britain, Alps, and Russio- 
Asia; {Ceratophyllus vagabunda subsp.). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Pyrrhocorax graculus; {Ceratophyllus 

vagabunda Boheman). 
Peus, 1939: Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, P. graculus. 
Rothschild, 1952a: Pyrrhocorax graculus L. 

Ceratophyllus vagabundus insularis Rothschild 

Allan, 1950: Larus argentatus; {Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis 
Roths.). 

Carrick, 1939: Phalacrocorax aristotelis aristotelis (L.), Rissa tridactyla 
tridactyla L., Larus argentatus Pontopp.; {Ceratophyllus vagabunda 
insularis Roths.). 

Jordan, 1932: Nests of various birds in Great Britain, Alps, and Russio- 
Asia; {Ceratophyllus vagabunda subsp.). 

O'Mahony, 1939: Fratercula a. grabae (Brehm); {Ceratophyllus vaga- 
bunda insularis Roths.). 

— , 1939a: Larus a. argentatus Pont.; {Ceratophyllus vagabunda in- 
sularis Roths.). 

— , 1941a: Rissa t. tridactyla L., Larus a. argentatus Pont.; {Cerato- 
phyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.). 

— , 1942: Corvus c. cor ax L.; {Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis 
Roths.). 

— , 1948: Phalacocorax (sic) aristotelis aristotelis (L.), Corvus mone- 
dula spermologus Viell. (sic), herring gull, kittiwake; {Cerato- 
phyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.). 

Rothschild, 1952: Corvus monedula spermologus VieiWot; {Ceratophyllus 
vagabunda insularis Roths.). 



313 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Jackdaw, herring gull, kittiwake, shag; (Cer- 

atophyllus vagahunda insularis). 
Rothschild, 1906: Starling; {Ceratophyllus insularis Koihs.) . 
Thompson, 1937b: Fratercula arctica grabac (Brehm). 
Waterston, 1906: Corvus monedula, Larus argentatus, Fulmar glacialis; 

{Ceratophyllus insularis Roths.). 

— , igioa: Larus argentatus; [Ceratophyllus insularis Roths.). 

— , 1914: Muscicapa grisola; [Ceratophyllus vagabundus Bohem. 
(= insularis Roths.) ). 

Ceratophyllus vagabundus orientalis Wagner 
Jordan, 1932: Nests of various birds in Great Britain, Alps, and Russio- 

Asia; [Ceratophyllus vagabunda subsp.). 
Wagner, 1929: Larus glaucus. 

— , 193 1 : Larus glaucus; [Ceratophyllus vagabunda orientalis 
Wagner). 

Ceratophyllus vagabundus vagabundus (Boheman) 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921 : Phalacrocorax carbo, kittiwake, herring gull; [Cer- 
atophyllus vagabunda Boheman). 
Cooreman, 1947a: Coloeus monedula (L.); [Ceratophyllus vagabunda 

(Boheman) ). 
Dampf, 1911a: Melanonyx brachyrhynchus; [Ceratophyllus vagabundus 
(Boheman) ). 

— , 1912: Dohle; [Ceratophyllus monedulae Wahlgren) . 
Eichler, 1938b: Water birds; [Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman). 
Elton, 1925: Goose; [Ceratophyllus vagabundus Boheman). 

Ewing and Fox, 1943: Aquila chrysaetos; [Ceratophyllus vagabundus 
(Boheman) ). 

Hemiksen, 1939: Rissa tridactyla; [Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boh.). 

Holland, 1951 : Larus hyperboreus Gunnerus, Aquila chrysaetos [A. chry- 
saetos canadensis (L.)). 

Hubbard, 1947: Aquila chrysaetos; [Ceratophyllus vagabundus Boh.). 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Aquila chrysaetos; [Ceratophyllus vagabunda 
Boheman). 

Jellison and Kohls, 1939: Aquila chrysaetos; (Ceratophyllus vagabunda 
(Boheman) ). 

Jordan, 1932: Anser brachyrhynchus, Branta leucopsis; [Ceratophyllus 
vagabunda vagabunda Boheman). 

Kemner, 1938: Rissa tridactyla; [Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman). 

Nordberg, 1934: Colaeus (sic) monedula. Bubo bubo, Accipiter nisus, 
Buteo buteo; [Ceratophyllus vagabundus Boheman). 

— , 1936: Falco peregrinus Tunst., Accipiter nisus L., Buteo buteo L., 
Colaeus (sic) monedula L.; [Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohemdin) . 

Philip, 1938: Aquila chrysaetos (L.); [Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohe- 
man). 



3^4 

Rothschild, 1952: Corvus corax L., C. monedula L., Pica pica (L.), 
Pyrrhocorax graculus L., Bubo bubo (L.), Strix aluco L., Falco 
peregrinus Tunst., Aquila chrysaetus (sic) (L.), Buteo buteo (L.), 
Accipiter nisus (L.), Pernis apivorus (L.), Anser brachyrhynchus 
Baillon, Branta leucopsis (Bechst.), Phalacrocorax carbo (L.), P. 
aristotelis (L.), Fulmarus glacialis (L.), Columba livia Gm., Larus 
argentatus Pont., L. hyperboreus Gunn., Rissa tridactyla (L.), Fra- 
tercula arctica (L.), owl, sea birds on Shetland Isles; {Ceratophyllus 
vagabunda Boh.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Larus argentatus, Phalacrocorax aristotelis, 
Pyrrhocorax graculus, jackdaw, kittiwake, puffin: {Ceratophyllus 
vagabunda Boheman). 

Rothschild, 1915: Rissa tridactyla, Larus argentatus; {Ceratophyllus 
vagabunda Boheman). 

Russel, 1913: Puffin, other sea-birds; {Ceratophyllus vagabundus Bohe- 
man). 

Seguy, 1944: Pyrrhocorax graculus (L.) ; {Ceratophyllus vagabunda 
(Boheman) ). 

Wagner, 1936a: Water birds; {Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman). 

Wahlgren, 1907: Colaeus (sic) monedula L.: {Ceratophyllus nionedu- 
lae Wahlgren ) . 

Waterston, 1922: Sturnus vulgaris L., Corvus monedula L., Melanonyx 
brachyrhynchus Baill., Pyrrhocorax graculus, Muscicapa grisola, La- 
rus argentatus, Fulmarus glacialis: {Ceratophyllus vagabundus 
Boheman). 

Ceratophyllus viscivorus (Dale) 
Dale, 1878: Stone-thrush; {C erato psyllus viscivora Uzile) . 
Rothschild, 1903: Stone-thrush; {Ceratopsyllus viscivora Dale). 
Wagner, 1930: Stone-thrush; {Ceratophyllus viscivora Dale). 

Citellophilus tesquorum tesquorum (Wagner) 
Sergeew, 1936: Oenanthe oenanthe, Calandrella brachydactyla; (Cerato- 
phyllus tesquorum). 

Dactylopsylla (Foxella) ignota ignota (Baker) 
Ewing and Fox, 1943: Speotyto cunicularia (Molina). 
Hubbard, 1947: Speotyto cunicularia; {Foxella ignota ssp.). 
Jellison, 1939: Speotyto cunicularia; (Foxella ignotus). 
■ — , 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea; {Foxella ignotus (Baker), 
Foxella ignotus Baker). 

Dasypsyllus cteniopus (Jordan & Rothschild) 
Jordan, 1936: Pteroptochus rubecula (from Chile); {Dasypsyllus cteni- 
opus Jordan & Rothschild). 



315 



Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale) 

Armstrong, 1953: Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes L., Erithacus rube- 
cula, willow warbler, Alauda arvensis; (Dasypsyllus gallinulae gall- 
inulae). 

Ash, 1952: Turdus merula L., T. ericetorum Turt., Fringilla coelebs (L.), 
Aegithalos caudatus (L.), Prunella rnodularis (L.), Erithacus rube- 
cula (L.), Phylloscopus trochilus (L.), Lullula arborea (L.), Parus 
caeruleus L., P. major L., Troglodytes troglodytes L., Sitta europaea 
Blyth; {Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale)). 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Certliia familiaris, Anorthura troglodytes, Embe- 
riza citrinella, grouse, moorhen, birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gal- 
linulae Dale). 

Boyd, 1935a: Passer montanus motitanus: {Ceratophyllus gallinulae 
Dale). 

Britten, 1920: Robin, blackbird; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 

Cooreman, 1947b: Fringilla coelebs L.; {Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale)). 

Dale, 1878: Blackcap; {Ceratopsyllus atricapillae Dale). Longtailed tit; 
{Ceratopsyllus caudati Dale). Whitethroat; {Ceratopsyllus cinereae 
Dale). Moorhen; {Ceratopsyllus gallinulae Dale). Jay; {Ceratopsyl- 
lus garruli Dale). Meadow-pipit; {Ceratopsyllus pratensis Dale). 
Song thrush; {Ceratopsyllus turdi Dale). Yellowhammer; {Ceratop- 
syllus citrinellae Dale). 

Edwards, 1925a: Thrushes, blackbirds, grasshopper-warbler; (Cerato- 
phyllus gallinulae). 

Eichler, 1938b: Birds' nests; {Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale). 

Evans, 1906: Turdus merula; {Ceratophyllus newsteadi Koths.) . 

— , 1906a: Jackdaw; {Ceratophyllus newsteadi Koths.) . 
Freeman, 1939; Old birds' nests; {Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale)). 
Hamm, 1939a: Old birds' nests; {Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale). 
Heselhaus, 19 15: ?Meisen, Rotkehlchen; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae 

(Dale)). 
Jeffery, 1922: Erithacus rubecula, blackbird {"^Turdus merula), Musci- 

capa grisola; (Ceratophyllus gallinulae ) . 
Jordan, 1928: Emberiza citrinella; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae gallinulae 

Dale). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1: Troglodytes troglodytes, Sturnus vulgaris, 

Erithacus rubecula; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 

— , 191 2: Turdus merula; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 
— ■ , 1920a: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 

— , 1920b: Cinclus aquaticus, Turdus merula; {Ceratophyllus gallinu- 
lae Dale). 

Leslie and Shipley, 191 2: Hawfinch, dipper, blackbird, moorhen, birds' 

nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 
Malloch, 1907: Grey wagtail; {Trichopsylla newsteadi Roths.). 
Martini, 1923: Sperling; (Ceratophyllus gallinulae) . 
Menegaux, 1939: Birds' nests; {Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale). 



3i6 

Nordberg, 1934: Corvus coriiix; {Dasypsyllus galliriulae Dale) . 

— , 1936: Corvus comix L. ; {Dasypsyllus gallinulac Dale). 
O'Mahony, 1939a: Sturnus v. vulgaris L., Chloris c. chloris (L.), Fring- 

illa c. gengleri Klein.. Turdus v. viscivorus L., T. e. ericetorum Turt., 
T. m. merula L., Troglodytes t. troglodytes L.; [Dasypsyllus gall- 
inulac (Dale) ). 

— , i^^ia: Fratcrcula a. grabae 'Rrehm.; (Dasypsyllus gallinulac Bale) . 

— , 1948: Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthc (L.); [Dasypsyllus gallinulac 
Dale). 

Owen and Ash, 1955: Parus major, P. caerulcus, Sitta europaca, Turdus 

merula, Erithacus rubccula; [Dasypsyllus gallinulac (Dale)). 
Peus, 1938: Sperling; [Dasypsyllus gallinulac Dale). 
Rothschild, 1948: Oenanthe oenanthc (L.) ; [Dasypsyllus gallinulac). 

— , 1952: Corvus corax L., C. moncdula L., C. corone L., Garrulus 
glandarius (L.), Sturnus vulgaris L., Coccothraustcs coccothraustes 
(L.), Chloris chloris (L.), Fringilla coclebs L., Pyrrhula pyrrhula 
(L.), Embcriza citrinella L., E. calandra L., E. schocniclus (L.), 
Passer domesticus (L.), P. montanus (L.), Alauda arvensis L., An- 
thus trivialis (L.), A. pratensis (L.), A.spinoletta (L.), Motacillaalba 
yarrelli Gould, M. cinerea cincrea Tunst., Certhia familiaris (L.), 
Parus major L., P. cocruleus (sic) L., P. ater L., P. atricapillus L., 
Aegithalos caudatus (L. ) , Lanius collurio L., Muscicapa striata [ Pall.) , 
M. hypoleuca (Pall.), Regulus regulus (L.), Phylloscopus collybita 
(Viell.) (sic), P. trochilus (L.), P. sibilatrix (Bechst.), Locustella 
naevia (Bodd.), Acrocephalus schoenoboenus (sic) (L.), Sylvia bo- 
rin (Bodd.), S. atricapilla (L.), S. communis Lath., S. curruca (L.), 
Turdus viscivorus L., T. ericetorum Turt., T. merula L., Oenanthe 
oenanthe (L.), Saxicola torquata (L.), Phoenicurus phoenicurus 
(L.), Erithacus rubecula (L.), Prunella modularis (L.), Troglodytes 
troglodytes (L.), Cinclus cinclus (L.), Accipiter nisus (L.), Fulma- 
rus glacialis (L.), Columba palumbus L., C. liviaGm., Scolopax rust- 
icola L., Vancllus vanellus (L.), Fratercula arctica (L.), Gallinula 
chloropus (L.), Lagopus scoticus (Lath.), Phasianus colchicus L. 

Rothschild and Bossanyi, 1947a: Corvus corone L.; [Dasypsyllus gallinu- 
lac Dale. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Moorhen, woodcock, grouse, robin, gold- 
crest, willow-tit, tree-creeper; [Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale)). Ro- 
bin, warblers, finches, blackbirds, song-trushes, pheasant; [Cerato- 
phyllus gallinulae (Dale) ) . 

Rothschild, 1901: Coccothraustes vulgaris, Cinclus aquaticus; [Cerato- 
phyllus newsteadi Roths.). 

— , 1903: Moorhen; [Ceratopsyllus gallinulac Dale). Song-thrush, 
blackbird, jay, bullfinch, yellowhammer, meadow-pipit, blackcap, 
whitethroat, long-tailed tit; [Ceratophyllus gallinulae). 

— , 1 9 15: Anorthura troglodytes, Lagopus scoticus, Gallinula chloro- 
pus; [Ceratophyllus gallinulac Dale). 

Russell, 1913: Birds' nests; [Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 



317 

Seguy, 1938a: Birds' nests, passereaux, Lagopus sp., Gallinula sp.; 
{Dasypsylius gallinulae (Dale) ). 
— • , 1944: Coccothraustes coccothraustes (L.), Cinclus cinclus (L.), 
Turdus merula L., Emberiza citrinella L., Gallinula chloropus (L.) ; 
{Dasypsylius gallinulae Dale). 

— , 1951 : Birds' nests, passereaux; {Dasypsylius gallinulae Dale). 
Shipley, 1909: Coccothraustes vulgaris, Cinclus aquaticus, Turdus 

merula, Gallinula chloropus L.; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 

— , 191 1 : Coccothraustes vulgaris, Cinclus aquaticus, Turdus merula, 
Gallinula chloropus L., birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 

Slater, 1924: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 

— , 1926: Red-backed shrike; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 
Thompson, 1937c: Regulus regulus anglorurn Hart., Phylloscopus troch- 

ilus trochilus (L.), Turdus ericetorum ericetorum Turt., T. merula 
merula L., Prunella modularis occidentalis {}r{a.i't.) , Oenanthe oenan- 
the oenanthe (L.), Troglodytes troglodytes troglodytes (L.) ; {Dasy- 
psylius gallinulae (Dale)). 

Turk, 1946: Birds' nests; {Dasypsylius gallinulae (Dale)). 

Wagner, 1903: Coccothraustes vulgaris Briss., Cinclus aquaticus Brehm; 
{Ceratophyllus newsteadi Roths.). 
— ■ , 1936a: Birds' nests; {Dasypsylius gallinulae Dale). 

Walsh, 1938: Wren, chaffinch, greenfinch, long-tailed tit, song-thrush, 
misselthrush, blackbird, robin; {Dasypsylius gallinulae Dale). 

Waterston, 1906: Gallinulae chloropus, Fringilla coelebs; {Ceratophyllus 
gallinulae Dale). 

— , 1909: Turdus merula, C. aquaticus, L. chloris, T. uiscivorus, T. 
parvulus, M. lugubris, Scolopax rusticola, P. colchicus. Accentor 
modularis; {Ceratophyllus newsteadi Roths.). 

— , 1910a: Phasianus colchicus, L. chloris, Ruticilla phoenicurus, Stur- 
nus vulgaris, Parus major, Phylloscopus trochilus, Turdus merula, 
M. lugubris, Fringilla coelebs, S. hortensis, Motacilla melanope. Ac- 
centor modularis, Gallinula chloropus, Phylloscopus sibilatrix, E. 
rubecula, Turdus musicus, V. vulgaris. Cinclus aquaticus, M.grisola: 
{Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 

— , 1914: Anthus pratensis, A. obscurus. Troglodytes parvulus, Fring- 
illa coelebs, Motacilla lugubris, M. melanope, Muscicapa grisola, 
Phylloscopus collybita, Alauda arvensis, Columba livia, Erithacus 
rubecula, Corvus monedula; {Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale). 

Williamson, 1952: Wheatear; (Dasypsylius gallinulae gallinulae). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Birds' nests; {Dasypsylius gallinulae (Dale)). 



Dasypsylius gallinulae perpinnatus (Baker) 
Dampf, 1945: Bird's nest. 
Holland, 1949: Turdus migratorius ssp. 

Spencer, 1935: Cassin's vireo; {Dasypsylius gallinulae perpinnatus 
Baker) . 



3i8 

Malaraeus penicilliger (Grube) 
Nordberg, 1934: Falco tinnnn cuius; {Ccratophyllus penicilliger Gr.). 

?Megabothris asio (Baker) 
Baker, 1904: Megascops asio; {Ccratophyllus asio Baker). 

Megabothris exilis exilis (Jordan) 
Hubbard, 1947: Speotyto cunicularia; [Monopsyllus exilis exilis Jordan). 

Speotyto sp.; {Monopsyllus exilis Jor.). 
Jellison, 1939: Speotyto cunicularia; (Monopsyllus exilis). 
— , 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea; {Megabothris exilis (Jor- 
dan), Megabothris exilis exilis (Jordan) ). 
Jellison and Good, 1942: Speotyto sp.; {Monopsyllus exilis (Jordan) ). 
Jordan, 1938: Spreotyto (sic) ; {Monopsyllus exilis Jordan). 

Megabothris obscurus Holland 

Holland, 1949: Speotyto sp. 

Megabothris quirini (Rothschild) 
Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 

Megabothris rectangulatus (Wahlgren) 
Nordberg, 1934: Falco tinnunculus; {Ccratophyllus rectangulatus Wahl- 
gren ) . 
— ■ , 1936: Aegolius funereus L. ; {Megabothris rectangulatus Wahl- 
gren ) . 

Megabothris turbidus (Rothschild) 
Cooreman, 1946: Riparia riparia L. ; {Megabothris turbidus Roths.). 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Meisen, Rotkehlchen; {Ccratophyllus mustelae Wag.). 
Nordberg, 1936: Falco tinnunculus L.; {Megabothris turbidus Roths.). 
Titschack, 1929: Undetermined nest on side of house; {Ccratophyllus 

mustelae Schilling). 
Turk, 1946: Robin (British). 

Mioctenopsylla arctica Rothschild 

Henriksen, 1939: Rissa tridactyla. 

Holland and Jellison, 1952: Rissa tridactyla pollicaris (?) Ridgway, R. 

brevirostris (?) (Bruch) ; {Mioctenopsylla arctica hadweni (Ewing) ). 

Rissa tridactyla pollicaris (?) Ridgway, R. brevirostris (?) (Bruch) ; 

{Mioctenopsylla arctica arctica Roths. ),i?ma tridactyla ssp. 
Hubbard, 1947: Rissa tridactyla. 
Jellison and Good, 1942: Rissa tridactyla. 
Jordan, 1932: Rissa tridactyla, Moven, other sea birds. 
Kemner, 1938: Rissa tridactyla. 
Rothschild, 1922: Rissa tridactyla. 



319 

Mioctenopsylla traubi Holland & Jellison 

Holland and Jellison, 1952: Rissa sp. 

Monopsyllus sciurorum sciurorum (Schrank) 
Dampf, 1908b: Krahen; (Ceratophyllus sciurorum). 

— , 1945: C or vus comix; {Monopsyllus sciurorum (Schrank)). 
Eichler, 1938b: Birds' nests; {Monopsyllus sciurorum Schr.). 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Passer domesticus L., Meisen, Rotkehlchen; {Cerato- 
phyllus (Monopsyllus) sciurorum Schrank). 

Lehnert, 1933: Feldsperling; {Ceratophyllus sciurorum Schw. (sic)). 

Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Ceratophyllus (Monopsyllus) sciurorum 
Schrank, Monopsyllus sciurorum (Schr.) ) . 

Niethammer, 1938: Accipiter gentilis gallinarum (C. L. Brehm) ; (Mo- 
nopsyllus sciurorum). 

Nordberg, 1934: Corvus comix, Accipiter gentilis; {Ceratophyllus sciur- 
orum Schrank). 

— , 1936: Corvus comix 1^., Accipiter gentilis Y..; {Ceratophyllus {Mo- 
nopsyllus) sciurorum Schrank). 

Pens, 1941 : Corvus c. pulchroniger Kl.; {Monopsyllus sciurorum Schr.). 
Rothschild, 1952: Owl; {Monopsyllus sciurorum (Schrank)). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Crow; (Monopsyllus sciurorum) . 
Rothschild, 1903: Wood-pigeon; (Ceratophyllus sciurorum). 
Seidel, 1937: Bird's nest; {Ceratophyllus sciurorum Schrank). 
Thompson, 1939: Birds' nests, woodpecker, buzzard, sparrow hawk, 

long-eared owl ; {Monopsyllus sciurorum (Schrank)). 
Waterston, 1906: ?Turdus viscivorus: {Ceratophyllus sciurorum 

Bouche). 
— • . 1910a: Syrnium aluco: {Ceratophyllus sciurorum Bouche). 

Monopsyllus wagneri wagneri (Baker) 
Hubbard, 1947: Spcotyto cunicularia\ {Monopsyllus wagneri wagneri 

Baker). 
Jellison, 1939: Speotyto cunicularia; (Monopsyllus wagneri). 
— ■ , 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea: {Monopsyllus wagneri 
(Baker)). 

Myoxopsylla laverani (Rothschild) 
Eichler, 1938b: Birds' nests; {Myoxopsylla laverajii Roths.). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1: Old bird's nest; {Ceratophyllus laverani 
Roths. ) . 
— - . 191 2: Blackbird; {Ceratophyllus laverani Koths.). 
— ■ , 1920b: Chelidonaria urbica; {Ceratophyllus laverani Koths.) . 
Leleup, 1947c: Birds' nests; {Myoxopsylla laverani Roths.). 
Niethammer, 1937: Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ; {Ceratophyllus lave- 
rani Roths.). 
Rothschild, igio: Bird's nest; [Ceratophyllus laverani Roths.). 



320 

Seguy, 1938a: Birds' nests; [Myoxopsylla Laverani (Roths.)). 

— ■ , 1944: Birds' nests. 
Wagner, 1930: Birds' nests; {Myoxopsylla laverani Roths.). 

— , 1936a: Birds' nests; {Myoxopsylla laverani^^oihs.) . 

Wagner and WassiUeff, 1933: Birds' nests; {Myoxopsylla laverani 
Roths.). 

Nosopsyllus fasciatus (Bosc d'Antic) 
Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Chelidonaria urbica; {Ceratophyllus 

fasciatus Bosc. ) . 
Kemper, 1938a: Seeadier. Turmfalk (nach Nordberg) ; {Nosopsyllus 

fasciatus Bosc). 
Nordberg, 1934: Nyctala sp., Falco tinnunculus, Haliaeetus albicilla; 

{Ceratophyllus fasciatus Bosc). 

— , 1936: Haliaetus (sic) albicilla L., Falco tinnunculus L.; {Noso- 

psyllus fasciatus Bosc. ) . 
Rothschild, 1952: Blackbird (in Holland). 
Smit, 1946: Turdus rnerula vierula L. ; {Nosopsyllus fasciatus B.d'A.). 

Orchopeas sexdentatus agilis (Rothschild) 
Bacon, 1953: Speotyto cunicularia hypogaca (sic) (Bon.); {Orchopeas 
sexdentatus agilis Roths.). 

Orchopeas wickhami (Baker) 
Hopkins and Rothschild, 1953: Birds' nests; {Orchopeas wickhami) . 
Jellison and Good, 1942: Owl; {Ceratophyllus wickhavii wickhami 

(Baker^). 
Rothschild, 1952: Magpie, hawk, bird's nest. 
Stewart, 1933: Owl; {Ceratophyllus wickhami wickhami Baker). 

Oropsylla (Oropsylla) idahoensis (Baker) 
Jellison, 1939: Buteo sp.; (Oropsylla idahoensis). 

Jellison, Kohls, and Mills, 1943: Buteo sp.; {Oropsylla idahoensis 
(Baker)). 

Paracallopsylla oreina (Jordan) 
Baer, 1951: Kashmir martin ; {Orneascus (sic) sp.). 
Jordan, 1937a: Chelidonaria urbica; {Orneacus oreinus Jordan) . 
Smit, 1952: Delicho?i urbica (in Kashmir and Tien Shan); {Orneacus 

oreinus Jordan). 
Wagner, 1938: Chelidonaria urbica; {Paracallopsylla oreinus Jord.). 

Paracallopsylla waterstoni (Jordan) 
Allan, 1950: Delichon urbica; {Orneacus rothschildi Waterston). 
Baer, 1951: Scottish martin, Swiss Alpine martin; {Orneascus (sic) sp.). 
Bagnall, 1918 — ^1921: Chelidon urbica; {Ceratophyllus rothschildi Wa- 
terston). 



321 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Chelidonaria urbica; {Ceratophyllus 
rothschildi Waterston). 

Rothschild, 1952: Delichon urbica urbica: {Orneacus waterstoni (Jor- 
dan)). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: House martin; (Orneacus rothschildi) . 

Rothschild^ 19 15: Chelidon urbica; [Ceratophyllus rothschildi Water- 
ston). 

Russell, 191 3: House martin; {Ceratophyllus rothschildi Waterst.). 

Seguy, 1944: Delichon urbica (L.) ; [Ceratophyllus rothschildi Water- 
ston) . 

Smit, 1952: C(helidon) urbica; [Orneacus waterstoni (Jordan)). 

Thompson, 1938b: Delichon u. urbica (L.); [Ceratophyllus waterstoni 
Jordan ) . 

Waterston. 1910a: Chelidon urbica; [Ceratophyllus rothschildi Water- 
ston ) . 

Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata (Kolenati) 
Dampf, 1908b: Krahen; (Ceratophyllus uralensis). 

— , 1926: Parus cristatus, Nucifraga caryocatactes; [Ceratophyllus 
uralensis Wagner) . 

— ■ , 1945: Corvus comix; [T ar so psyllus uralensis (Wagner)). 

Eichler, 1938b: Corvus corone corone; [Tarsopsylla octodecimdentatus 
Kolenati). 

Jancke, 1938: Parus cristatus L., Nucifraga caryocatactes L.; [Cera- 
tophyllus uralensis (Wagner) ). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Nucifraga caryocatactes; [Ceratophyllus 
uralensis Wagner). 

Seidel, 1937: Parus cristatus L., Nucifraga caryocatactes L.; [Tarso- 
psylla octodecimdentatus KoL). 

Thrassis pandorae Jellison 

Jellison, 1939: Speotyto cunicularia; (Thrassis pandorae). 

— , 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 
Jellison, Kohls, and Mills, 1943: Speotyto cunicularia. 

Thrassis petiolatus (Baker) 
Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 



Family HYSTRIGHOPSYLLIDAE 

Ctenophthalmus agyrtes agyrtes (Heller) 

Cooreman, 1946: Riparia riparia L.. [Ctenophtalrnus (sic) agyrtes 

Hell.). 
Dampf, 1908b: Clivicola riparia; [Ctenophthalmus agyrtes (Hell.)). 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Meisen, Rotkehlchen; [Spalacopsylla agyrtes Heller). 



322 

Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1: Bird's nest; {Ctcnophthalmus agyrtes Hel- 
ler). 

Nordberg, 1934: Bubo bubo, Falco peregrinus, F. tinnunculus, Acci- 
piter nisus; {Ctenophthabnus agyrtes Heller). 

Ctenophthalmus agyrtes agyrtoides Wahlgren 
Nordberg, 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., Accipiter ni- 
sus L., Aegolius funereus L., Falco tinnunculus L. 

Ctenophthalmus agyrtes nobilis (Rothschild) 
Ash, 1952: Turdus ericetorum Turt., Corvus cor one L.; [Ctenoph- 
thalmus agyrtes Rothschild). 
Waterston, 1906: Alauda arvensis; [Typhlopsylla agyrtes Heller). 

Ctenophthalmus assimilis (Taschenberg) 
Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1: Birds' nests; [Ctenophthalmus assimilis 
Taschenberg) . 

Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus Kolenati 

Ash, 1952: Erithacus rubecula (L.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Pic; [Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus (Kolenati)). Pic. 
Nordberg, 1934: Bubo bubo: [Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus (Kol.)). 
- — , 1936: Falco peregrinu% Tunst.; [Ctenopthalmus bisoctodenta- 
tus [Kol)). 

Epitedia inopina (Rothschild) 
Hubbard, 1947: Speotyto cunicularia; [Neopsylla inopina Roths.). 
Jellison, 1939: Speotyto curiicularia; (Neopsylla inopina). 
■ — ■ , 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea; [Neopsylla inopina Roths., 
Neopsylla inopina (Roths.)). 

Euctenophthalmus breviatus (Wagner & loff) 
Sergeew, 1936: Oenanthe oenanthe: (Ctenophthalmus breviatus). 

Euctenophthalmus congener (Rothschild) 
Cooreman, 1946: Riparia riparia L. ; [Ctenophtalmus (sic) congener 
Roths.). 

Euctenophthalmus uncinatus (Wagner) 

Nordberg, 1934: Bubo bubo, Falco tinnunculus, F. peregrinus, Haliae- 

tus (sic) albicilla; [Ctenophtalmus (sic) uncinatus Wagner). 

— , 1936: Bubo bubo L., Falco peregrinus Tunst., F. tinnunculus L., 

Haliaetus (sic) albicilla h.; [Ctenophthalmus uncinatus V^?Lg.) . 

Hystrichopsylla talpae (Curtis) 

Britten, 1920: Waterhen; [Hystrichopsylla talpae Curt.). 

Wagner, 1932: Anorthura troglodytes; [Hystrichopsylla talpae Curt.). 



323 

Meringis shannoni (Jordan) 
Bacon, 1953: Speotyto cunicularia hypogaea (sic) (Bonepart) (sic); 

{Meringis shannoni Jordan). 
Jellison, 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 

Neopsylla setosa setosa (Wagner) 
Sergeew, 1936: Ocnanthc ocnanthe ; (Neopsylla setosa). 

Rectofrontia pentacanthus (Rothschild) 
Cooreman. 1946: Riparia riparia L.; {Rectofrontia pentacanthus Roths.). 



Family LEPTOPSYLLIDAE 
Leptopsylla segnis (Schoenherr) 
Nordberg, 1934: Bubo bubo; {Ctenopsyllus segyiis Schoenherr). 

Peromyscopsylla hesperomys (Baker) 
Fox, 1940: Kingfisher. 
Jellison and Good, 1942: Megaceryle alcyon; {Leptopsylla hesperomys 

(Baker)). 
Leonard, 1926: Kingfisher; {Leptopsylla hesperomys Baker). 
Stewart, 1933: Kingfisher; {Ctenopsyllus hesperomys Baker). 

Family PULICIDAE 
Actenopsylla suavis Jordan & Rothschild 
Ewing and Fox, 1943: Ptychorarnphus aleuticus. 
Hopkins and Rothschild, ig^'^: Ptychorhamphus (sic) aleuticus. 
Hubbard, 1947: Ptychorhamphus (sic) aleuticus (Pallas). 
Jellison and Good, 1942: Ptychoramphus aleuticus. 
Jordan, ig2^: Ptychorhamphus (sic) aleuticus; {Actenopsylla sp.). 

— , 1942: Ptychorhamphus (sic) aleuticus; (Actenopsylla suavis). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 1923c: Ptychorhamphus (sic) aleuticus. 

Ctenocephalides canis (Curtis) 
Eichler. 1938b: Birds' nests; {Ctenocephalides canis Curtis). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1: Parus major; {Ctenocephalus canis Cur- 
tis). 
Kemper, 1938a: Mausbussard; {Ctenocephalides canis C>\XYt\%) . 
Nordberg, 1936: Buteo buteo L.; {Ctenocephalides canis Curtis). 
Strickland and Merriman, 191 3: Parus major; (Ctenocephalus canis). 

Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouche) 
Kemper, 1938a: Turmfalk; {Ctenocephalides felis Bouche) . 
Nordberg, 1936: Falco tinnunculus L.; {Ctenocephalides felis Bouche). 



324 

Echidnophaga gallinacea (Westwood) 
Baker, 1895: Gallinaceous birds; {Sarcopsylla gallinacea Westwood). 

— , 1904: Meleagris gallipavo (sic); [Xestopsylla gallinacea (West- 
wood)). 

Brumpt, 1949: Speotyto cunicularia: {Sarcopsylla (Echidnophaga) gal- 
linacea Westwood). 
Hopkins and Rothschild, 1953: Bird's nest. 
Levi, 1 941: Pigeon; (Echidnophaga gallinaceus) . 
Peters, 1930: Birds' nests; (Echidnophaga gallinacea). 
Ritsema, 1880: Gallus sp.; (Sarcopsyllus (?Hectopsylla) gallinaceus). 
Seddon, 1951: Pigeon. 

Ornithopsylla laetitiae Rothschild 

Bagnall, 1918 — ig2i: Puf finis (sic) anglorum. 

Hopkins and Rothschild, 1953: Fratercula arctica, Puffi?iis (sic) puf- 

finis (sic) puffinis (sic). 
Jordan, 1925: Fraticula (sic) arctica; (Ornithopsylla laetitiae). 

— , 1942: Puffinus sp.; (Ornithopsylla laetitiae). 

— , 1943: Puffin; (Ornithopsylla laetitiae). 
Joy, 1909: Fratercula arctica. 

O'Mahony, 1941a: Fratercula a. grahae Brehm, Puffinus p. puffinus 
Briinnich. 

— , 1942: Shearwater. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Manx shearwater, puffin. 
Rothschild, 1908: Fratercula arctica; (Ornithopsylla laetitiae). 

— , 1913a: Puffin, Manx shearwater, stormy petrel. 
- — ■ , 1 915: Puffinus anglorum, other sea birds. 

Salmon, 193 1 : Puffinus puffinus puffinus. 

Smart, 1948: Puffin. 

Turk, I g^6: Puffinis (sic) puffinis (sic) (Briinnich). 



Pulex sp. 

Megnin, 1888: Swallow. 

Stein, 1843: Hirundo urbica L., Passer rusticus L. 



Pulex irritans Linnaeus 
Bacon, 1953: Speotyto cunicularia hypogaea (sic) (Bonepart) (sic' 

{Pulex irritans (L.) ). 
Cuvier, ?i8i6: Birds' nests, pigeon. 
Eichler, 1938b: Birds' nests. 
Hopkins and Rothschild, 1953: Bird's nest. 
Jellison, 1939: Speotyto cunicularia; (Pulex irritans). 
— • , 1940: Speotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 
Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1 : Parus major. 



325 

Kemper, 1938a: Mausebussard. 

Linnaeus. 1761: Nidis hirundinum ripariarum. 

Niethammer, 1938: Buteo buteo buteo (L.) ; (Pulex irritans). 

Nordberg, 1936: Buteo buteo L. 

Shaw. 1806: Birds' nests, pigeon; (Pulex irritans). 

U. S. Public Health Service, 1939: Burrowing owl ; (Pulex irritans). 

White, 1902: Sand martin; (Pulex irritans). 

Spilopsyllus cuniculi (Dale) 
Britten, 1920: Starling; {Spilopsyllus cuniculi Dale). 

Jancke, 1938: Sturnus vulgaris L.; {Spilopsyllus cuniculi (Dahle) (sic)). 
Jordan, 1943: Puffin, other sea birds; (Spilopsyllus cuniculi). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Puffin. 
Seguy, 1944: Sturnus vulgaris L. 

Xenopsylla sp. 
Baer, 1 95 1 : Shearwater. 
Jordan, 1942: Puffinus sp. 

Xenopsylla gratiosa Jordan & Rothschild 

Jordan, 1925: Puffinus kuhli flavirostris. 
Smart, 1948: Puffinus sp. 

Xenopsylla trispinis Waterston 

Bedford, 1932: Petrochelidon spilodera: {Xenopsylla trispinus (sic) 
Waterston). 

Jordan, 1925: Petrochelidon spilodera: {Xenopsylla trispinus (sic) Wa- 
terston ) . 

Smart, 1948: Petrochelidon sp.; {Xenopsylla trispinus (sic) Waterston). 

Waterston, 191 1 : Petrochelidon spilodera. 



Family PYGIOPSYLLIDAE 
Notiopsylla kerguelensis (Taschenberg) 
Baker, 1895a: Pelccanoides uriyiatrix Gmelin; {Pulex kerguelensis Ta- 
schenberg). 
— , 1904: Pelecanoides urinatrix; {Pulex kerguelensis Tasch.). 
Jordan, 1942: Prion banksi, Larus dominicus, Pachytila (sic) desolata; 

(Notiopsylla kerguelensis). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 1914: Prion banksi; (Notiopsylla kerguelensis 

Tasch.). 
Murphy, 1936: Pachyptila desolata; {Notiopsylla kerguelenensis (sic)). 
Schaeffer, 1914: Prion banksi; {Notiopsylla kerguelensis Tasch.) . 



326 

Family RHOPALOPSYLLIDAE 
Listronius robertsianus (Jordan) 
Jordan, 1938a: Spheniscus Tnagcllanicus, Procellaria aequinoctialis; 
{Parapsyllus robertsianus Jordan). 
• — , 1942: Spheniscus magellanicus , Procellaria aequinoctialis; {Li- 
stronius robertsianus Jordan). 
— , 1942a: Spheniscus magellanicus, Procellaria aequinoctialis; {Li- 
stronius robertsianus Jordan). 

(Tribe) PARAPSYLLIGAE 

Jordan, 1942a: Penguin, puffin. 

Parapsyllus longicornis alginus Jordan 
Jordan, 1942: Pygoscelis papua, Spheniscus magellanicus, Eudyptes 
chrysocome (= crestata Miller, printer's error for cristata). 

Parapsyllus longicornis australiacus Rothschild 
Jordan, 1942: Eudyptula minor, Puffinus tenuirostris. 

Parapsyllus longicornis humboldti Jordan 

Jordan, 1942: Eudyptes humboldti. 

Parapsyllus longicornis longicornis (Enderlein) 
Jordan, 1938a: Spheniscus magellanicus, Eudyptes cristatus; {Para- 
psyllus longicornis Enderlein). 

— , 1942: Eudyptes sp., Eudyptula sp., Pygoscelis sp., Sphenicus sp.; 
{Parapsyllus longicornis Enderlein). 

Parapsyllus magellanicus Jordan 
Jordan, 1938a: Spheniscus magellanicus. 

— , i^/!^2: Spheniscus magellanicus. 

Parapsyllus taylori Jordan 
Jordan, 1942: Puffinus tenuirostris. 

Family TUNGIDAE 
Hectopsylla psittaci Frauenfeld 
Baker, 1904: Psittacus sp. 

Eichler, 1938b: Turdus sp., bird houses in zoos. 
Jordan, 1942a: Aviaries in Europe. 
Peus, 1938: Birds' nests (South America). 

Reis, Nobrega, and Reis, 1936: Ninhos de pombos; {Hectopsylla 
psittacci (sic) ). 



327 

Ritsema, 1880: Psittacus sp.; {Hectopsylla psitacii (sic) Frauen.). 
Taschenberg, 1880: Psittacus sp.; {Rhynchopsylla pulex Hall.). 
Wolffhugel, 1 910: Colurtiba livia. 



Rhynchopsyllus pulex Haller 
Almeida Cunha, de, 19 14: Zonotrichia pileata Boode; {? Rhynchopsyllus 

pulex). 
Baker, 1895: Psittacus sp.; (Rhynchopsylla pulex Haller). 
Del Ponte and Riesel, 1939: Zonotrichia capensis; [Rhynchopsylla 

pulex Hall.). 
Pinto, ig'^o: Zonotrichia pileata; [Hectopsylla pulex (Haller)). 

Tunga penetrans (Linnaeus) 
Peus, 1938: Tauben; (Sarcopsylla penetrans). 



Family VERMIPSYLLIDAE 
Chaetopsylla (Ghaetopsylla) homoea homoea Rothschild 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b. Pyrrhocorax graculus; [Trichopsylla 

homoeus (sic) Roths.). 
Smit, 1952: Pyrrhocorax graculus; [Chaetopsylla homoea Roths.). 

REFERENCES 

Costa Lima, A. da, e C. R. Hathaway. 1946. Pulgas bibliografia, catalogo 
e animais por elas sugados. Monografias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 
No. 4, Imprensa Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, pp. i — 522. 

Fox, Irving. 1940. Fleas of Eastern United States. Iowa State College 
Press, Ames, Iowa, vii -f- 191, 31 plates. 

Hopkins, G. H. E., and Miriam Rothschild. 1953. An illustrated cata- 
logue of the Rothschild collection of fleas (Siphonaptera) in the 
British Museum (Natural History). Vol.1: Tungidae and Puli- 
cidae. Trustees of the British Museum, London, xv 4-361, 466 figs., 
45 plates. 

Hubbard, C. Andresen. 1947. Fleas of Western North America. Iowa 
State College Press, Ames, Iowa, viii -|- 533. 



Order THYSANOPTERA 

Undetermined 

Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L., Dumetella carolinen- 

sis (L.) ; (Suborder Terebrantia). 
McAtee, 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis. /; 




328 

Family AEOLOTHRIPIDAE 
Aeolothrips sp. 

Hicks. 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L. 

Family PHLOEOTHRIPIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: "Nectarinien." 
Hicks, ig^^: Sayornis phoebe (Latham); (Tribe Hoplothripini). 
Nolan, 1955: Dendroica discolor; (Haplothripinae). 

Karnyothrips americanus Hood 

Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L.. Quiscalus quiscula 
aeneus Ridgway. 

Leptothrips sp. 
Hicks, 1953: Coccyzus americanus americanus (L.) ; {Leptothrips (?) 

sp. ) . 

Leptothrips mali (Fitch) 
Hicks, 1953: Coccyzus americanus americanus (L.). 

Neoheegeria verbasci (Osborn) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, field sparrow. 

Pygmaeothrips ferecaecus Priesner 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Ploceus sp. 

Family THRIPIDAE 
Frankliniella tritici (Fitch) 
Hicks, 1953: Turdus migratorius migratorius L. 

Limothrips cerealium Haliday 
Boyd, 1932: Passer montanus montanus. 
— , 1935a: Passer montanus montanus: {Limothrips ceralium (sic) 
Hal.). 

Limothrips denticornis Haliday 
Dobroscky, 1925: Robin, field sparrow; {Limnothrips (sic) denticornis). 
Leonard, 1926: Turdus migratorius migratorius L. 

REFERENCES 

Priesner, H. 1928. Die Thysanopteren Europas. Fritz Wagner, Wien, 
PP- 1—755' 6 plates. 



3^9 

Order THYSANURA 

Undetermined 

Kemper, 1951 : Micropus apus L., Sperlinge, birds' nests. 
McAtee. 1927a: Dumetella carolinensis. 

Family LEPISMIDAE 
Lepisma sp. 

Cornelius, 1869: Cypsclus apus. 

Lepisma saccliarina Linnaeus 

British Department of Scientific anci Industrial Research (Report), 
1952: Sparrow, pigeon, jackdaw; (Lepisma saccharina). 

Cornehus, 1869: Hirundo rustica; (Lepisma saccharina). 

Douglas, 187 1 : Hirundo rustica; (Lepisma saccharina). 

Jussel, 1905: Hausschwalbe. 

Kemper, 1938: Passer domesticus L., Parus major L., Dclichon urhica 
L., Hirundo rustica L.; (Lepisma saccharina). 
— , 1938a: Haussperling, Kohlmeise, Mehlschwalbe, Rauchschwalbe. 

Laibach, 1952: Spatzen. 

Lehnert, 1933: Birds' nests. 

Linsley, 1944: Birds' nests. 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Hirundo urbica L. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Passer domesticus (L.), Columba sp., Corvus mone- 
dula L. 

^Voodroffe and Southgate. 1951a: Passer domesticus (L.), Sturnus vul- 
garis L. 

Thermobia domestica (Packard) 

Linsley, 1944: Birds' nests: {Thermobia domestica Pack.). 

Family MACHILIDAE 

Jellison. 1940: Spcotyto cunicularia hypugaea. 

Order TRICHOPTERA 

Family POLYGENTROPIDAE 
Cyrnus trimaculatus Curtis 
Donisthorpe, 1931c: Moorhen. 

REFERENCES 

Mosely, Martin E. 1939. The British caddis flies (Trichoptera). A col- 
lector's handbook. George Routledge & Sons, Ltd., London, xiii + 
320. frontisp.. 3 plates. 631 figs. 



330 
GENERAL ENTOMOLOGICAL REFERENCES 

Brues, Charles T., A. L. Melander, and Frank M. Carpenter, 1954. Classi- 
fication of insects. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harv., 108: v + 917, 12 19 
figs. 

Delamare-Deboutteville, C. and R. Paulian. 1952. Recherches sur la 
faune des nids et des terriers en Basse Cote d'lvoire. (IN: En- 
cyclopedic Biogeographique et Ecologique. Vol. VIII, Lechevalier, 
Paris, pp. I — 1 16, 139 figs.). 



ORNITHOLOGICAL CHECK-LIST 

Although many references were used in compiUng this Ust, it seems 
desirable to mention one in particular which appeared after the list 
had been completed, but before it had been typed in final draft. Since 
several generic and specific names are affected, I quote from Science, 
25 May 1956, Vol. 123, No. 3204, p. 931. 

The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature has re- 
cently announced a series of decisions on the names of certain birds. 
Applications to the commission were published in October 1952 in part 
1/3 of volume 9 of the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature. Among the 
decisions, the following are of wide general interest: (i) suppression of 
the generic name Colymbus Linnaeus, 1 758, and acceptance of the gene- 
ric name Gavia Forster, 1788, for the divers (loons) and of Podiceps 
Latham, 1787, for the grebes {Opinion 401 ) ; (ii) validation of the gene- 
ric name Pyrrhocorax (Tunstall), 1771, for the Chough by the suppres- 
sion of the name Coracia Brisson, 1760 {Opinion 404) ; (iii) suppression 
of the specific name ericetorurn Turton, 1807, and acceptance of the 
name philomelos Brehm, 1831, for the song thrush [Opinion 405); 
(iv) suppression for nomenclatorial purposes of the names by Lin- 
naeus published in 1776 in the "Catalogue of Birds, Beasts, ... in Ed- 
wards' Natural History" {Opinion 412); (v) validation of the name 
Columba migratoria Linnaeus, 1766, for the passenger pigeon{Direction 
18) ; (vi) validation of the generic names Bubo Dumeril, 1806, Coturnix 
Bonnaterre, 1790, Egretta Forster, 181 7, and Oriolus Linnaeus, 1766, by 
the suppression of older homonyms {Direction 21) ; (vii) acceptance of 
Gallinago Brisson, 1760, and rejection of Capella Frenzel, 1801, as the 
generic name for the snipe {Direction 39). 

The foregoing Opinions and Directions are now in the press and will 
be published at an early date. 

Undetermined Birds' Nests 

Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951: Cimicidos, Psarnmolestes coreodes Berg- 
roth, Triatoma delpontei Romaiia y Abalos, T. infestans (Klug), T. 
platensis Neiva, T. sordida (Stal) ; (pajaros). 

Agrell, 1945: Anurophorus laricis Nic, Entomobrya corticalis Nic, E. 
rnarginata Tullb., E. Jiivalis L., Isotorna viridis Schott, Lepidocyr- 
tus cyaneus Tullb., L. lanuginosus Tullb., Orchesella bifasciata 

[33'] 



332 

Nic, Pogonognathus flavescens TuUb., Sira buski Lubb., Tomocerus 
vulgaris Tullb., Brachystomella parvula Schaff., Hypogastrura 
armata Nic, H. purpurascens Lubb., Onychiurus fimentarius (sic) 
L., O. furcifer Born, Xenylla maritima Tullb., Dicyrtoma fusca 
(Luc.) Lubb., Sminthurinus niger Lubb., Folsomia 4-oculata. Tullb. 

Allan, 1950: Ceratophyllus gallinac Schrank; (passerine birds). 

Almeida Cunha, de, 19 14: Undetermined siphonaptera. 

Anonymous (?Zavattari), 191 5: Undetermined siphonaptera. 

— , 1924: Undetermined siphonaptera. 

— ■ , 1925: Undetermined hemiptera (bugs (cimicids)). 
Armstrong, 1953: Neottiophilum praeustum. 
Ansari, 1949: Dermestids, psocids. 
Auber, 1945: Histerids, Trox perrisi Fairm. 
Aubertin, 1933: Lucilia illustris Meigen. 
Audcent, 1930: Scenopinidae (Omphralidae). 

— , 1932: Protophormia terrae-yiovac R. D. [groenlandica Ztt.. coe- 
rulea (sic) Ztt.). 

— • , 1932a: Tipula (Lunatipula) peliostigma Schum. ; (old birds' 
nests). 

• — • , 1933: Neottiophilum praeustum Mg. 

— , 1934: Hippoboscidae. 

— , 1942: Diptera. 

Austen, 1932: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp. 

Auzat, 1917a: Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, G. Buyssoni Auzat, G. rotunda- 

tus Kugel., G. nannetensis Mars., Hister merdarius, Dendrophilus 

punctatus, Trox perrisi. 
Back and Cotton, 1938: Attagenus piceus (Oliv.). 
Bacot and Ridewood, 19 14: Undetermined siphonaptera. 
Badonnel, 1949: Lachesilla fusca Bad., Thylacopsis jalco Bad., Eto- 

psocus maindroni Bad., E. titschacki Jentsch, Peripsocus pauliani 

Bad., Rhyopsocus afer Bad. 
Baer, 1951 : Ceratophyllus garei Roths., C. gallinae Schr. 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. gallinae Schr., 

C. gallinulac Dale. C. garei Roths. 
Barrett, 1865: Tinea rusticella, T. juscipunctella, T. ganomella 

(Llapella). 
Baudet, 1929: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Vogel). 
Beal, 1954: Trogoderma sp. 
Beare, 1908: Undetermined insects. 
Bedford, 1932: Undetermined siphonaptera. 
Beier, 1936: Undetermined siphonaptera. 

— , 1937: Ceratophyllus s,pp. 

— , 1937a: Cimicidae. 

Bennett, 1888: Coryphium angusticolle. 

— , 191 2: Microglossa marginalis Gyll., Coryphium angusticolle 
Steph. 

Bequaert, 1942: Meoneura sp. 



333 

Bequaert, 1953a: Crataerina sp., Ornithomyia sp., Stenepteryx sp. 

— , 1954: Sciaridae, Cypselidae (Sphaeroceridae or Borboridae), 
Helomyzidae, Phoridae. 

Bezzi, 191 1 : Neottiophilum spp. 

— , 19 16: Camus hemapterus, Ornithomyia avicularia. 

— , 1922: Chortophila nidicola (Aldrich). 

Bickhardt, 1907: Trox nidicola Bonnaire, Quedius injuscatus Er., Q. 
microps Grav., Catops umbrinus Er. 
— ■ , 1907a: Aleochara succicola Thorns., Micro glossa suturalis Sahib., 
Atheta nigricornis Thorns., A. fungiuora Thorns., A. soror Kr., Que- 
dius hrevicornis Thorns., Q. mesomelinus Marsh., Q. ventralis 
Arag., Xantholinus glaber Nordm., Hapalaraea pygmaea Payk., Eu- 
plectus Tomlini Joy, Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum, Nernadus co- 
lonoides Kr., Hister nierdarius Hoffm., Dendrophilus punctatus 
Hbst., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel., Trox scaber L., Phyllodrepa 
pygmaea Gyll., Quedius injuscatus Er., Crataraea suturalis Mannh., 
Aleochara sparsa Heer, Trox Perrisi Fairm., T. Haroldi Flach, T. 
nidicola Bonnaire. 

— , 1907b: Trox nidicola Bonn.; (reed birds). Atomaria mesomelaena 
Hbst.; (reed birds). 

— , 1907c: Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, Gnathoncus rotundatus 
Kug., Hister (s. str.) rnerdarius Hoffm., Euplectus tomlini Joy, 
Trox scaber L., Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum, Nemadus colonoi- 
des Kr., Atheta fungivora Thoms., A. (s. str.) nigricornis Thoms., 
A. soror Kr., Hapalaraea pygmaea Payk., Microglossa suturalis 
Sahib., Quedius brevicornis Thoms., Q. mesomelinus Marsh., Xan- 
tholinus glaber Nordm., Quedius ventralis Arag. 

— , 191 1 : Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, Gyiathoncus nidicola Joy, 
Trox perrisi Fairmaire {haroldi Flach), T. scaber L., Aleochara 
sparsa Heer, Atheta fungivora Thoms., A. soror Kr., Crataraea su- 
turalis Mannh., Phyllodrepa pygmaea Gyll., Quedius injuscatus Er., 
Q. mesomelinus Marsh., Q. ventralis Arag., Xantholinus glaber 
Nordm., Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum. 

— , 1916a: Hister merdarius. 

— , 1916b: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Dendrophilus punctatus 
Hbst. 

Biester and DeVries, 1943: Ceratophyllus niger, flesh flies, blowflies. 

Blester and Schwarte, 1952: Ceratophyllus niger, flesh flies, blowflies. 

Bondar, 1921 : Undetermined siphonaptera. 

Bonnaire, 1881 : Trox nidicola Bonnaire. 

Boyd, 1935: Protocalliphora caerulea R.-D. [Phormia sordida Zett.). 

— , 1935b: Phormia sordida Zett. 

Boyd, 1 951: Ceratophyllus gallinae, hippoboscids, Protocalliphora, 

Apaulina. 
Brauer, 1883: Ornithomyia avicularia L. 
British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 

1953: Cryptophagids, Anthrenus verbasci. 
Britten, 1920: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., C. gallinae Schr. 



334 

Bruce, 1936: Cryptophagus suhdepressus GylL, C. distinguendus Strm. 

— , 1937: Cryptophagus lapponicus Gyll. 
Brues, 1946: Protocalliphora azurea. 

Brumpt, 1949: Triatoma (Psammolestes) arthuri (Pinto), T. delpontei 
Romaiia et Abalos. 

Brumpt and Neveu-Lemaire, 1929: Undetermined siphonaptera. 

Buck, 1955: Atheta (Tetropla) nidicola (Joh.). 

Butler and Palmer, 1929: Lyctocoris campestris F., Anthocoris nemo- 
ralis F. 

Cameron, 1925: Atheta depressicollis Fauv. 

Castellarnau, de, 1950: Ornithornyia avicularia L.; (many birds, song 
birds). 

Chandler, 1949: Undetermined siphonaptera. Apaulina spp., Protocalli- 
phora spp. ; (hole-nesting passerine birds) . 

Chisholm, 1952: Beetles, Passeromyia sp. 

Clarke, 1941 : Oecophoridae, Endrosis lactella (Schiffermiiller). 

Collin, 1930: Meoneura neottiophila Collin. 

— , 1939: Fannia nidica Collin, Melinia cannahina Stein, Opsolasia 
eriophthalrna Ztt., O. meadei Kow. 

— , 1943: Tcphrochlamys tarsalis Zett., T. flavipes Zett. 

Colyer and Hammond, 1 95 1 : Trixoscelinae of the family Helomyzidae. 
Costa Lima, da, 1940: Triatoma sordida Stal; (ninhos de passaros). An- 

thocorid. 
Cotton and Good, 1937: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst. 
Cuthbertson, 1939: Passeromyia heterochaeta Vill. 
Cuvier, ?i8i6: Pulex irritans L. 
Dampf, 19 10: Undetermined siphonaptera. 
• — ■ , 191 1 : Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank). 

— , 1926: Ceratophyllus jringillae (Wlkr.), C. garei^oths. 
— • , ig/\.^: Dasypsyllus gallinulae perpinnatus (Baker). 

Delamare-Deboutteville, 1947: Drepanura sp. 
— ■ , 1951 : Drepanura sp., Thylacopsis sp., Archipsocus sp. 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Monopis mediella F., M. 
megalodelta Meyr, undetermined collembola, Entomobrya gras- 
sei Del. -Deb. & Paulian, Lepidocyrtus sp., Pseudachorutes sp., Le- 
pidopsocidae, Formicidae, roaches, scale insect, isoptera, Corylo- 
phidae. Aposericorderus piceus Paul., Cucujidae, Nitidulidae, di- 
ptera, Muscidae, hemiptera, Anthocoridae, Cardiastethus inquilinus 
Del. -Deb. & Paul., Lyctocoris cohici Del. -Deb & Paul., Xylocoris sp. 

Dobroscky, 1925: Mormoniella brevicornis, Megastigmus nigrovariega- 
tus, Passaloecus sp., Eucoila sp., Hyperacmus tineae, Aenoplex be- 
tuloecola, Apanteles carpatus, Tetrastichus sp., Bembionidae, Scym- 
nus sp., Curculionidae, Melanophthalma sp. 

Donisthorpe, 1928: Qjiathoncus nidicola, Atheta nidicola. 

— , 1928a: Quedius infuscatus Er. 

— , 1930: Quedius infuscatus Er., Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh., Que- 
dius aetolicus Kr. 



335 

Donisthorpe, 1931a: Hister merdarius, Atheta nigricornis. 

— , 1931b: Microglossa picipennis Gyll., Philonthus fuscus Gr. var. 
syrovatkai Roubal. 

— , 1935a: Entomobrya albocincta Tempi. 

— , 1937: Microglossa suturalis Sahib.. M. marginalis Gyll., M. pulla 
Gyll., M. gentilis Mark., Oxypoda nigriyia Waterh., O. recondita Kr., 
Atheta pagana Er., A. nigricornis Th., A. fungi Grav., A. clientula 
Er., Oligota punctulata Heer, Tachinus marginellus F., Quedius in- 
fuscatus Er., Q. lateralis Grav., Q. brevicornis Thorns., Q. aetioli- 
cus Kr., Philojithus laminatus Creutz., P. fuscus Grav., Medon pro- 
pinquus Bris., Bledius fracticornis Pk., Oxytelus sculpturatus Grav., 
O. nitidulus Grav., Homalium iopterum Steph., H. concinnum 
Marsh., Proteinus brachypterus F., Choleva colonoides Kr., Euplec- 
tus tomlini Joy, E. karsteni Reich., E. nanus Reich., Ptenidium 
turgidum Th., Hister merdarius Hoff., Dendrophilus punctatus 
Hbst., Gnathoncus nannetensis Mars., G. nidicola Joy, Abraeus gra- 
nulum Er., Monotoma longicollis Gyll., Enicmus minutus L., Cor- 
ficaria pubesceyis Gyll., Melanophthalma fuscula Humm. 

— . 1938: Cryptophagus acutangulus Gyll., Megapenthes tibialis Lac, 
Melanotus rufipes Hbst.. Dorcatorna chrysomelina Sturm, Anthicus 
floralis L. 

— . 1939: Eryx ater F., Cryptophagus acutangulus Gyll., Rhyncolus 
lignarius Marsh., Megapenthes tibialis Lac, Melanotus rufipes Hbst.^ 
Abraeus granulum Er., Carcinops 14-striatus Steph., Dendrophilus 
punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus nannetensis Mars., G. nidicola Joy, 
Hister merdarius Hoffm., Corticaria pubescens Gyll., Enicmus mi- 
nutus L., Melanophthalma fuscula Humm., Monotoma longicollis 
Gyll., Euplectus karsteni Reich., E. nanus Reich., E. tomli7ii Joy, 
Trox scaber L., Atheta clientula Er., A. (A. crotona) fungi Grav., A. 
nigricornis Thorns., Bledius fracticornis Pk., Homalium concinnum 
Marsh., H. iopterum Steph., Medon propinquus Bris., Microglossa 
gentilis Mark., M. marginalis Gyll., M. pulla Gyll., M. suturalis 
Sahib., Oligota puntculata Heer, Oxypoda nigrina Waterh., O. re- 
condita Kr., Oxytelus nitidulus Grav., O. sculpturatus Grav., Phi- 
lonthus fuscus Grav., P. laminatus Creuz., Proteinus brachypterus 
F., Quedius aetiolicus Kr., Q. brevicornis Thoms., Q. lateralis 
Grav., Q. infuscatus Er., Tachinus marginellus F., Ptenidium tur- 
gidum Th., Atheta pagana Er., Dorcatoma chrysomelina Sturm, Cis 
alni Gyll., Onthophagus vacca L. 

Drensky, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L., Oxypterum pallidum L., 

Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis L. 
du Buysson, 1923: Traumoecia picipes Thoms., Homoeusa acuminata 

Mark., Euryusa sinuata Er., E. laticollis Heer. 
Duda, 1938: Limosina (Limosina) luteilabris Konda.ni. 
Edwards, 1925a: Ceratophyllus gallinae, Mycetaulus bipunctatus, Bi- 

gonichaeta setipennis, earwigs, Amblyjiotus opacus Hartig, Encoela 

scotica Lam., Meteorus pulchricornis Wasm., Belyta sp., spring- 



336 

tails, Stenomalus micans, chalcids, Lyctocoris campestris, Anthoco- 

ris confusus, A. nemorum, A. sylvestris, Syrphus balteatus, gele- 

chiid. 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis. 
Eichler, 1934: Insects, undetermined siphonaptera. 
— ■ , 1936: Mallophaga, Camus hemapterus, coleoptera, moth larvae. 

Copeognatha sp., Mormoniella vitripennis, Protocalliphora. 

— , 1936a: Copeognatha spp., Atropos spp. 

— , 1936c: Mallophaga. 

— , I936d: Protocalliphora sialia, Mormoniella vitripennis Walk.. 
Plectops pruinosa M. all., Anthomyia procellaris Rond., A. pluvia- 
lisL. 

— , 1937a: Cryptophagus acutangulatus, C. distinguendus Strm., C. 
pilosus, C. saginatus Sturm, Anthrenus museorum, Attagenus pellio, 
A. piceus, Dermestes hicolor F., Trogoderma nigrum, Protocalli- 
phora sp., Trogium pulsatorium, Tenebrio molitor L., Liposcelis 
divinatorius. 

— , 1937b: Protocalliphora sordida, Musca sp., Vespula sp. 
— • , 1937c: Federlinge. 

— , 19376: Hippoboscidae. 

— ■ , 1938b: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. fringillae Walk., C. ga- 
rei Roths., Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale, Monopsyllus sciurorum 
Schr., Myo.xopsylla laverani Roths., Hectopsylla psittaci Frauenfeld, 
Ctenocephalides canis Curt., Pulex irritans L. 

— • , 1938c: Mormoniella vitripennis Walk., Protocalliphora sordida 
Zett. 

— • , 1939a: Undetermined siphonaptera, Gefiederfliegen, Lausfliegen, 
Vogelblutmaden, Protocalliphora sp., Mormoniella vitripennis Walk. 

— , 1939b: Protocalliphora sordida Zett. 

— , 1939c: Ornithomyia biloba Dufour. 

— , 1944: Wanzen, Flohen. 

— , iQ^8: Bedbugs, Protocalliphora spp., Neottiophilum spp. 

— , 1950: Camus hemapterus. 

— , 1952: Lausfliegen, Camus hemapterus, Protocalliphora sp., Ne- 
ottiophilum sp. 

— , 1953: Federlingen; (Halbhohlenbriitern, Hohlenbriitern). 
Enderlein, 1936: Philomis azurea (Fall.). 

Erichson, 1858: Haploglossa sp. 

Essig, 1942: Protocalliphora sordida (Meigen), P. azurea (Fallen). 

Everts, 1922: Aleochara succicola Thorns., Atheta nigricornis Thoms., 
Philonthus fuscus Grav., Phyllodrepa nigra Grav., P. (Hapalaraea) 
pygmaea Gyll., Quedius (Microsaurus) brevicornis Thoms., Q. (M.) 
mesomelinus Marsh., Q,. (M.) ventralis Arag., Dermestes ater Oliv., 
Ptomaphagus colonoides Kr. 

Eysell, 1924: Phormia azurea Fall., P. chrysorrhoea Mg. 

Fagel, 1934: Histeridae. 

Falcoz, 19 14: Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum, 



337 

Aleochara villosa Mann., Phyllodrepa (Hapalaraea) pygmaea Gyll., 
Quedius (Microsaurus) injuscatus Er., Q. (M.) mesomelinus Marsh. 

Falcoz, 1914a: Quedius s^i. 

Fauvel, 1875: Quedius injuscatus Er. 

Fenyes, 19 18: Microglotta sp. 

feytaud, 1930: Siphonaptera. 

Fletcher, 1920: Phlebotomus argentipes. 

Foote and Pratt, 1954: Culicoides crepuscularis Malloch. 

Fordham, 1926: Neottiophilum praeustum Mg. 
— ■ , 1927: Lasiomma meadii (sic) Kow. 

— , ig^^: Anthomyia pluvialis h. 

Fowler, 1888: Philonthus fuscus Grav., Homalium rufipes Fourc. Ho- 
malium allardi Fa.ivm.; (bird-cages). 

— , 1889: Gnathoncus nannentensis (sic) Mars., G. punctulatus 
Thorns., Onthophilus striatus F., Cryptophagus saginatus Sturm, C. 
cellaris Scop. 

— , 1890: Ptinus fur L., Niptus crenatus F. 

Fowler and Donisthorpe, 1913: Quedius brevicornis, Gnathoncus nidi- 
cola Joy, Hister merdarius Hoff., Dendrophilus punctatus 111., Ato- 
maria munda Er. 

Franck and Sokolowski, 1930: Euplectus piceus Motsch. 

Freeman, 1939: Ceratophyllus garei (Roths.), Dasypsyllus gallinulae 
(Dale). 

Gaudin, 1921 : Trox Perrisi Fairm. 

— , iq213l: Gnathoncus Buyssoni Auz. 

Gerhard, 1909: Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, Philonthus fuscus Gravh. 

Gervais d'Aldin, 1909 — 1910: Pupipares. 

Godan, 1952: Cimex lectularius, C. rotundatus ; (Wildvogel). 

— , 1952a: Ptinus fur L. 
Gorham, 1886: Gnathoricus spp. 
Gray, 1947: Dermestids. 

Gridelli, 1924: Quedius aetolicus Kraatz^ Q. mesomelinus Marsh. 

Guerin-Meneville, 1827: Ornithomyia viridis. 

Guide, 1941 : Lyctocoris campestris F. 

Gurney, 1949: Pteroxaiiium kelloggi (Ribaga). 

Hall, 1948: Apaulina avium (Shannon & Dobroscky), Apaulina spp., 
Protocalliphora spp. 

Hall and Howe, 1953: Ptinus tectus Boield., P. fur (L.), P. sexpuncta- 
tus Panz., P. pusillus Sturm, P. subpilosus Sturm, Eurostus hilleri 
(Reitt.), Niptus hololeucus (Fald.), Mezium affitie Boield., Trigono- 
genius globulus Sol.; (birds associated with buildings). 

Hamm, 1939: Sciara hispida Winn., S. modcsta Staeg., S. viuida Winn., 
Fannia lineata Stein, Meoneura neottiophila Coll., Mycetaulus bi- 
punctatus Fin. 

— J 1939a: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale. 
Hansen, 1922: Nemadus colonoides, Hister sp., silphids, Nemadus co- 

lonoides Kraatz, Ptomaphagus sericeus Panz., Hister merdarius 



338 

Hoffm., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnothonciis rotundatus Ku- 

gel., G. punctulatus Thorns. 
Hansen, 1925: Trox scaber L. ; (Fuglereder). 
Hase, 1932: Triatomids. 

— , 1935: Cimex lectularius L.; (breeding cages of canaries). 

— , 1938: Oeciacus hirundinis. 
Hatch, 1953: Beetles. 

Hearle, 1938: Protocalliphora splendida Macq. 

Heinz, 1954: Dipterous puparia; (hole-nesting birds). Protocalliphora 

chrysorrhoea Mg., P. sordida Zett.; (song birds). 
Hennig, 1937: Meoneura yieottiophila Collin, M. obscurella Fallen. 

— • 1939- Protocalliphora spp. 

■ — ■ , 1943: Piophila (Mycetaulus) bipunctata Fallen. 

— , 1952: Protocalliphora sp., Neottiophilurn praeustum Meigen, Helo- 
myzidae, Milichiidae. 

— , ig^^: Fannia canicularis h. 

Henriksen, 1928 — 1937a: Ceratophyllus gallinac Schrank. 

Herfs, 1932: Dermestes spp., Anthrenus pimpinellae F., A. verbasci L., 

A. scrophulariae L., Attagenus spp., Tineola biselliella (sic), 

Pelzmotten. 
Herman, 1936: Protocalliphora sp., hippoboscids, fleas. 

— , 1944: Stenopteryx (sic) nipponica Kishida. 

— , 1945: Hippoboscid pupae. 
Herter, 1952: Protocalliphora sp. 

• — , 1953: Xenylla maritima, Entornobrya niarginata, Atheta nigricor- 
nis, A. nidicola, Microglossa pulla, M. picipennis, Hister merda- 
rius, Gnathocerus (sic) rotundatus, Enicmus minutus, Attagenus 
pellio, Trox scaber. Tinea pellionella, Camus hemapterus, Proto- 
calliphora sordida, Ceratophyllus gallinae, Gnathoncus rotundatus, 
Protocalliphora azurea, Tenebrio molitor, Ptinus tectus, Bettwanzen. 
Heselhaus, 19 14: Quedius infuse atus Er., Oxypoda sericea Heer, Ce- 
phennium thoracicum MiilL, Ptomophagus (sic) sericatus Chaud., 
Rhizobius subdepressus Seidl., Niptus griseo-fuscus Deg. 

— , 1923: Atheta sp., Quedius sp., Aleochara sp., Oxypoda sp., Ta- 
chinus sp., Tachyporus sp., Philonthus sp., Lathrobium sp., Medon 
sp., Oxytelus sp., Omalium sp., Catops sp., Hister sp., Gnathoncus 
sp., Onthophilus sp., Kleinschmetterlinge, Diptera. 

Heyden, von, 1876 — 1877: Catops badius Sturm {Nargus Thoms.). 

Heymons, 1915: Protocalliphora sp. 

Hill and Work, 1947: Protocalliphora azurea; (common song birds near 

Berkeley, California). 
Hindwood, 1947: Hippoboscids. 

— , 1951: Ichneumon flies, chalcid wasps, ants, wood-lice (slaters), 
book-lice, shield-bugs, plant-bugs, stink-bugs, cockroaches, earwigs, 
tree-crickets, ?Anthrenocerus australia. 

— , 1951a: Moths. 

Hinton, 1940: Tipnus unieolor Filler & Mitterpacher. 



339 

Hinton, 1941 : Corticaria pubcscens (Gyllenhal). 

— . 1945: Corticaria pubescens (GylL), Cryptophagus distinguendus 
Sturm, C. saginatus Sturm, Dermestes frischii Kug., D. lardarius L., 
D. bicolor F., D. nidum Arrow, Attagenus piceus (Oliv.), A. pellio 
(L.), Anthrenus fuscus Oliv., A. museorum (L.), A. scrophulariae 
(L.), A. pimpinellae F., A. (Nathrenus) verbasci (L.), A. (Anthre- 
nus) scrophulariae (L.). 

— , 1945a: Carcinops quattuordecimstriata (Stephens), Dendrophilus 
punctatus (Herbst), Gnathoncus nannetensis (Mars.), G. na^ius 
(Scriba), G. punctator Reitter, Hister merdarius Hoffm. 

Hopkins and Rothschild, 1953: Echidnophaga gallinacea (Westwood), 

Pulex irritans L., Orchopeas wickhami. 
Horion, 1936a: Nemadus colonoides Kr., Gnathoncus punctulatus 

Thorns., G. rotundatus 111., G. nidicola Joy. 
• — , ig'^g: Trox PerrisiFdiirm.; (Hohlenbriiter). 
Howe, 1955: Tipnus unicolor Pill, and Mitt. 
Hvass. 1954: Tenebrio molitor. 
lablokoff, 1943: Quedius rnicrops Grav. 
Illiger, 1798: Dermestes lardarius: (nesting boxes). 
Imms, 1934: Phormia (Protocalliphora) azurea. 
Jath, 1952: Fleas. 
James, 1947: Anthomyia pluvialis (L.), Fannia scalaris (Fabr.), F. in- 

cisurata (Zett.), F. canicularis (L.), Hydrotaea spp., Stomoxys spp. 
Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus garei (Roths.), C. gallinae (Schrank). 
Jeannel, 1926: Quedius (Microsaurus) m^5om^/mw5 Marsham. 

— , 1934: Sciodrepoides watsoni Spence. 

— , 1942: Phyllodrepa spp., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Quedius brevi- 
cornis Thoms., Microglossa pulla GylL, Nemadus colonoides Kr., 
Sciodrepoides fumatus Sp., Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, Gna- 
thoncus nidicola Joy. 

— , 1950: Pselaphides. fu/j/^cfw^ 7"om/mz Joy. 
Jeffery, 192 1 : Megarthrus affinis, Miill. ; (fowl's nest). 

— , igaj: Acritus nigricornis,lioH.; (fowl's nest). 

Jellison, 1940: Leptoglossus occidentalis Heideman, Amydria sp., Ger- 
dana sp., Mompha sp., Tinea sp., Protocalliphora aenea Shannon 
& Dobroscky, rodent fleas, chalcid. 
— ■ , 1940a: Anthrenus occideris, Dermestes lardarius, D. signatus. 

Johansen, 1903: Homalota soror Kr., Catops colonoides Kr.; (Fugle- 
rede). 

— , 1904: Haploglossa pulla Gyll. 

— , 1914- Aleochara (Polychara) sayiguinea L., A. (P.) villosa Mannh., 
Homalota (Tetropla) nidicola Johansen, Microglossa gentilis Mar- 
kel, M. marginalis Grav., M. picipennis GylL, Oxypoda (Demosoma) 
recondita Kr., Philonthus (Philonthus) fuscus Grav., Phyllodrepa 
(Phyllodrepa) floralis Payk., Quedius (Microsaurus) brcvicornis 
Thoms., Microglossa pulla Gyll. 

Johnson. 1925a: Caliope (sic) flaviceps (Loew). 



340 

Johnson, 1930: Chalcid. 

— ■ , 1932: Chalcid. 
Jordan, 1929b: Ceratophyllus dijjinis Jordan, C. idius J. & R., C. garei 
Roths. 

— , 1932: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., C. vagabunda subsp. 
— - , i^/^2di: Hectopsylla psittaci¥Ydiu&nie\6.; (aviaries). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1: Ceratophyllus laverani Roths., Cteno- 
phthalmus agyrtes Heller, C. assimilis Tasch. 

— , iQQoa.: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale. 

Joy, 1906c: Quedius brevicornis Th., Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum, 
Euplectus tomlini Joy, Hister merdarius Hoffm., Gnathoncus sp., 
Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Trox scaber L., Aleochara succic- 
ola Th., Microglossa suturalis Sahib., Homalota fungivora Th., H. 
soror Kr., Quedius ventralis Ahr., Q. mesomelinus Marsh., Xantho- 
linus glaber Nordm., Hapalaraea pygmaea Pk., Atheta nigricornis, 
Nemadus colonoides, Homalota nigricornis Th. 

— , igoja: Gnatli07icus nidicola ]oy. 

— , igaS: Phyllodrepa puberulaBernh. 

- — ■ , 1932: Microglossa marginalis Gyll., Atheta nigricornis Th., Phyl- 
lodrepa pygmaea Gyll., P. puberula Bern., Quedius brevicornis Th., 
Philonthus fuscus Gr., Xantholinus glaber Nor., Hister merdarius 
Hoff., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus punctulatus Th. 
{rotundatus Brit. Cat.), Nemadus colonoides Kr. 
Keilin, 191 7: Passeromyia heterochaeta Villeneuve. 
— • , 1924a: Anthomyia procellaris L., A. pluuialis L., Mycetaulus bi- 
punctatus, Lasiomma eriophthalma Zett., L. meadei. 
Kellogg and Paine, 1910: Atropids (wingless psocids). 
Kemper, 1934: Tineola bisselliella, Tinea pellionella, Trichophaga ta- 
petiella. 
■ — ■ , 1936a: Anthrenus scrophulariae, A. verbasci, Attagenus pellio, 

A. piceus. 
— ■ , i^2>^:¥ec\\\.\mge, Ceratophyllus gallinae. 

— , 1938a: Cryptophagus pillosus (sic), C. acutangulus, C. distinguen- 
dus, Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 

— , 1938b: Lyctocoris campestris, Fechtlingen, Kleidermotte, Pelz- 
motte, Anthrenus pimpinellae, A. museorum, A. scrophulariae, 
Attagenus pellio, A. piceus. 

— , 1939: Dermestes lardarius, D. vulpinus, D. peruvianus, Attagenus 
pellio, A. piceus, Anthrenus scrophulariae, A. pimpinellae, A. ver- 
basci, A. museorum. 

— , 1939a: Dermestids, Dermestes lardarius L., Attagenus spp., An- 
threnus museorum L., Ptinus fur L., Tinea fuscipunctella Hw. 

— , 1 951: Attagenus sp., Anthrenus pimpinellae, Dermestes sp., Atta- 
genus pellio, A. piceus, Dermestes lardarius, Ptinus tectus, Tene- 
brio molitor, moth larvae, muscid larvae, silverfish, copeognathids. 

Kirichenko (Kiritshenko, Kiricenko), 191 3: Paracimex avium Kirit- 
shenko. 



341 

Kirichenko. 1949: Cimicidae. 

Kirschenblatt. 1936: Mallophaga, Hippoboscidae. Philonthus fuscus, 
Microglossa spp., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., G. nidicola Joy, Tri- 
chopteridae, Nitidulidae, Cryptophagidae, Streblidae, Carnidae. 
— , 1937: Omalium sp., Phyllodrepa sp., Xylodromus sp., Oxytelus 
sp., Coprophilus sp., Medon sp., Philonthus sp., Quedius sp., He- 
terothops sp., Oxypoda sp., Microglossa sp.. Aleochara sp. 

Kivirikko, 1941 : Aphomia sociella L. 

Klippel, 1952: Cryptophagus sp., lathridiids. 

Knaus, 1928: Coprophagous Scarabaeidae. 

Kolbe, 191 1 : Coleoptera. 

Kreyenberg, 1928: Dermestes spp., D. vulpinus. 

Kunike, 1939: Anthrenus pimpinellae, A. museorum, A. fuscus. 

Lack, 1931 : Cholcva morio F. 

Lameere, 1946a: Ceratophyllus gallinae, Neottiophilum spp., Ornithoe- 
cia sp., Calliphora sp.. Tinea spp., gelechiids, Trox sp., histerids, 
Staphylinidae. 

Landrock, 1927: Docosia fumosa Eds. 

Latreille, 181 1 : Ornithomyia sp. 

Lehnert, 1933: Sitodrepa panicea L., Atomaria mesomelaena Hbst., A. 
ruficornis Marsch., Cryptophagus acutangulus Strm., C. distinguen- 
dus Strm., C. saginatus Sturm, Anthrenus museorum L., A. pimpi- 
nellae F., A. verhasci L., Attagenus pellio L., A. piceus Ol., Derme- 
stes bicolor F., D. lardarius L., Megatoma undata L., Trogoderma 
nigrum Hbst., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus punctula- 
tus Thoms., G. rotundatus Kug., Saprinus semistriatus Scrib., Car- 
todera (sic) filiformis GylL, C. ruficollis Mrsh., Corticaria puhe- 
scens GylL, C. serrata Payk., Enicrnus minutus L., E. rugosus Hbst., 
Melanophthalma transversalis GylL, Euplectus karsteni Reich., Pti- 
nus fur L., P. tectus Boild., Actobius cinerescens Grav., A. signati- 
cornis Rey., Aleochara sparsa Heer, Atheta cellata (sic) Er., A. 
crassicornis Fbr., A. exilis Er., A. nigricornis Thoms., Microglossa 
marginalis GylL, M. pulla GylL, Philonthus corvinus Er., P. fuscus 
Grav., P. micans Grav., Quedius cruentus OL, Stenus buphthalmus 
Grav., S. nigritulus GylL, Tachyporus chrysomelinus L., T. hypno- 
rum F., T. obtusus L., Trogophloeus impressus Boild., Tenebrio 
molitor L., Arpediuryi sp., A. quadrum Grav., Corylophus cassi- 
doides Mrsh., Medon obsoletus Nordm., Mycetoporus brunneus 
Mrsh., Ctesias serra Fr., Globicornis nigripes Fbr., Hygronoma 
dimidiata Grav., Fannia spp., Musca sp., Omphrale fenestralis L., 
Entomobrya rnarginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., Lepidocyrtus cyaneus 
Tullb., Orchesella cincta Lubb., Hypogastrura purpurascens Lubb., 
Isotomurus palustris Borner, Lepinotus reticulatus End., Lache- 
silla pedicularia End., Liposcelis divinatorius L., L. silvarum Kbe., 
Hyperetes guestfalicus Kolbe, Trogium pulsatorium L., Tineidae, 
Tinea fuscipunctella Haw., Lepisma saccharina L. 
Leleup. 1947c: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank), C. (Monopsyllus) 



342 

sciurorum Schrank, Tinea juscipunctella Hw., Dendrophilus punc- 
tatus Herbst, Hister merdarius Hoffm., Ptinus fur L., Trox scaber 
L., Atheta nidicola Johans., A. nigricornk Thorns., A. sodalis Er., 
Philonthus fuscus Grav., Hypogastrura (Mesachorutes) quadrio- 
cellata Absolon, Microglotta marginalis GylL, Quedius hrevicornis 
Thorns., Euplectus signatus Reichnb., Nemadus colonoides Kr., 
Mycetochara (Ernocharis) linearis 111., Atomaria (s. str.) linearis 
Steph., Litargus connexus Geoffr., Microglotta pulla GylL, M. nidi- 
cola Fairm., M. gentilis Mark., Ptenidium Gressneri Er., Myoxop- 
sylla laverani Roths., Monopsyllus sciurorum (Schr.), Quedius 
(Microsaurus) infuscatus Thorns., Q. (M.) infuscatus Er., Q. 
(M.) hrevicornis Thorns., Q. (M.) ventralis Arag., Philonthus 
(s. str.) fuscus Grav., Ptomophagus (sic) sericatus sbsp. rnedius 
Rey, Catops picipes F., cryptophagids, Neuraphes talparum Lokay,N. 
(s. str.) talparum Lokay, Gnathoncus Buyssoni Auzat, G. nidi- 
cola Joy, G. rotundatus Kug., Staphylinidae, Silphidae, Histeridae. 
Scarabaeidae, Chiromyia (sic), Ornithomyia, Phoridae, Plegaderus, 
P. discisus Er., P. dissectus Er., Aleochara (Polychara) sparsa 
Heer, Atheta (s. str.) nigricornis Thorns., Tachinus (s. str.) bipu- 
stulatus F., Heterothops praevia Er., Xantholinus (Metacyclinus) 
glaber Nordm., Phyllodrepa (Hapalaraea) pygmaea Gyll., Euplec- 
tus (s. str.) signatus Reichn., Hister (s. str.) merdarius Hoffm., 
Alphitophagus hifasciatus Say, Pentaphyllus testaceus Hellw., 
Prionychus ater ¥., collembola, undetermined insects, Ornithomyia 
aviculariah., Atheta (s. str.) nidicola Johan?,., Ptinus (n. str.) fur L. 
Leleup, I947h: Quedius brevicornis Thoms. 
— ■ , 1947k: Neuraphes talparum Lokay (= Neuraphes talparumNeves- 
heimer et Wagner) . 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Microglossa marginalis Grav., M. picipennis Gyll. 
Lent, 1935: Psammolestes coreodes Bergroth. 
Lent and Abalos, 1946: Ornithocoris toledoi Pinto, Cimex furnarii 

Cordero and Vogelsang. 
Leonard, 1926: Tinea fuscipunctella Haw. 

Leruth, 1935: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugelarm, Neuraphes ruhicundus 
Schaum, Aleochara villosa Mann., Quedius mesomelinus Marshall. 

— , 1939: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Neuraphes ruhicundus 
Schaum, Aleochara villosa Mannerheim, Atheta (Acrotona) fungi 
Grav., A. nigricornis Thorns., Omalium allardi Fairm., Quedius 
(Microsaurus) mesomelinus Marsham, Oecothea fenestralis Fallen. 

Leslie and Shipley, 191 2: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale. 

Lesse, de, 1950: Ornithophilous diptera, collembola. 

Lindner, 1940: Leptometopa latipes Meig., Meoneura neottiophila Col- 
lin, M. lamellata Collin, Neottiophilum praeustum Meig., Camus 
hemapterus Egg., Ornithomyia fringillina Curt., Stenopteryx (sic) 
hirundinis L., Ornithomyia avicularia L. 

— , 1948: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig. 



343 

Lindroth, 1931: Phyllodrepa floralis Payk., Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 
Linsley, 1942: Attagenus piceus Oliv. 

— , 1944: Anthrenus verbasci L., Attagenus pellio (L.), A. piceus 
(Oliv.), Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, Corticaria puhescens Gyll., 
Tipnus unicolor Filler and Mitterpacher, Lyctocoris campestris 
Fab., Lachesilla pedicularia (L.), Liposcelis diviyiatorius (Miill.), 
Lepisma saccharina L., Thermobia domestica Pack., Cryptophagi- 
dae. 

— , 1946: Tinaea (sic) juscipunctella Haw., Trichophaga tapetzella 
(sic) (L.), Hofmannophila pseudospretella (Staint.), Attagenus pi- 
ceus (Oliv.), A. pellio (L.), Anthrenus fuscus (Oliv.), A. scro- 
phulariae (L.), A. pimpinellae (F.), Attagenus schafferi (sic) 
Herbst. 

Lohrl, 1950: Raupen, beetles. 

Lowe, 1954: Ornithomyia avicularia. 

Lucas, 1838: Ornithomyia viridis Latr. 

Liihmann, 1937: Lausfliegen, blutsaugende Fliegenmaden. 

Lutz, 1924: Hippoboscids. 

McAtee, 1927a: Microglossa. 

McKeown, 1942: Platydema heroni Cart., P. tetraspilotum Hope, hippo- 
boscids. 

Mallis, 1945: Oeciacus vicarius Horv., Attagenus piceus (Oliv.), Endro- 
sis lacteella (sic) (Denis & Schiffermiiller), Tinea juscipunctella 
Haw., Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 

Martini, 1923: Phormia (Protocalliphora) spp., Protocalliphora azurea, 
Phormia metallica, Passeromyia spp. 

— , \<^2Q: Passeromyia ^i^., Protocalliphora spp. 
Matheson, 1950: Protocalliphora avium, P. hirudo, fleas. 
Mazza, 1936: Triatoma infestans, T. platensis Neiva; (pajaros). 

- — ■ , 1937: Microtomus lunifer (Berg), Triatoma infestans; (pajaros). 

— , ig'^g: Triatoma platensis, Psammolestes coreodes; (pajaros). 

— , 1940: Triatoma infestans, T. platensis, Psammolestes cor codes; 
(pajaros). 

Mazza, Basso and Basso, 1936: Triatoina infestans, T. platensis Neiva; 

(pajaros). 
— ■ , 1938: Triatoma platensis; (pajaros). 
Mazza and Jorg, 1938: Triatoma platensis Neiva.; (pajaros). 
Mazza and Paterson, 1938: Psammolestes coreodes Bergroth; (pajaros). 
Mazza and Romaiia, 1936: Triatoma platensis; (pajaro). 
Mazza and Schreiber, 1938: Triatoma platensis Neiva; (pajaros). 
Megnin, 1880: Fleas. 
Menegaux, 1939: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank, Dasypsyllus gall- 

inulae Dale. 
Mequignon, 1928: Trox nidicola Bonnaire. 
Meunier, iQ^Q: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis h. 
Michelbacher, 1947: Anthrenus lepidus Lee, carpet beetles. 



344 

Miles, 1940: Hister merdarius Hoff. 

Miles, 1951 : Fleas, Oeciacus vicarius Horv. 

Modeer, 1 785 : Hippohosca avicularia. 

Neiva and Lent, 1936: Eutriatoma sordida, Triatoma rubrojasciata, 

Psammolestes coreodes. 
Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank), Protocall- 

iphora azurea (Fallen). 
Nicholls, 1934: Fleas. 

Nordberg, 1931 : Ceratophyllus gallinae, C. hirundinis. 
Olivier, 1 792 : Hippoboscids. 

Olivier, 1905: Ornithomyia avicularia Meig., O. metallica Schin. 
Olt and Strose, 19 14: Fleas. 
Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora sp., Protocalliphora {— Apaulina of Hall), 

Neottiophillum (sic) praeustum, Nasonia brevicornis, fly larvae. 
Paramonov, 1 95 1 : Hippoboscids. 
Parmenter. 1944: Opsolasia octoguttata Zett. 
■ — ■ , 1 951: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. lagopodis, Caninae, Trixosce- 

linae, Muscidae. 
Patton, 1926: Fleas. 

— , 1931- Tenebrio molitor; (bird-houses). Tinea juscipunctella, Mo- 
nopis monachella, Ceratophyllus gallinae. 

Paulian, 1943: Coleoptera, Microglotta nidicola Fairm.. Quedius brevi- 
cornis Thorns., Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Trox Perrisi Fairm., hi- 
sterids. 

Pawlowsky, 1927: Fleas. 

— , 1938: Fleas. 

Pearman, 1928: Lepidilla kelloggi Rib. 

— , 1933: Lepidilla kelloggi Ribaga. 
Pearse, 1938: Notogonidea sp. 

Peters, 1930: Echidnophaga gallinacea, Ornithomyia avicularia. 

Petr}', Beer, and Hockemeyer, 1936: Monopis rusticella Hb., Tinea pel- 

lioyiella L.. T. lapella Hb. 
Peus, 1936: Fleas. 

— , 1938: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., Hectopsylla psittaci Frauenfeld. 
— ■ , 1938a: Ceratophyllus gallinae ?ic\\Y. 

Peyerimhoff, de, 191 7: Quedius (Microsaurus) dryadum Peyerimhoff. 
Pic, 1 9 18: Nemadus colonoides K., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Gnatoncus 

ou Staphylinides, Trox Scaber L., T. Perrisi Frm., Xylophilus po- 

pulneus Panz., Trox scaber L.; (nocturnal birds). 
Pinto, 1930: Triatoma sordida (Stal), Cimex hemipterus (Fabr.), Para- 

cimex avium Kiritshenko. 
Pinto and Lent, 1935: Psammolestes sp. 
Plath, 1919b: Hylemyia nidicola Aldrich, fleas. 
Pugh, 1936: Docosia jumosa Edw., Sciara glabra Mg., Lasiomma ctenoc- 

tema Kow., Tephrochlamys flavipes Ztt., Chiromyia (sic) inermis 

Coll., anthomyid, cecidomyid. 
Rapp, 1933: Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Plegaderus caesus Hbst. 



345 

Rapp, 1934: Trox scabcr L. {arenarius F.), T. perrisi Fairm. {ha- 
roldi F\ch.). 

— , 1935: Cryptophagus pilosus Gyll., Plegaderus caesus Hbst., Eu- 
plectus nanus Reich., Trox perrisi Fairm. [haroldi Flach), T. 
scaber L., Oxytelus harnatus Fairm. 

Reclaire and Van Der Wiel, 1936: Gnathoncus rotundatus 111., G. punct- 

ulatus Thorns., G. nidicola Joy, G. buyssoni Auzat, G. nidicola Joy 

var. auzati Pic, Vespa crabro. 
Reichardt, 1941: Gnathoncus punctator Kehter. 
Reichenow and Wiilker, 1929: Bedbugs, Protocalliphora (Phormia) 

azurca (Fallen). 
Reichert, 1939: Ornithomyia jringillina Curt. 
Reitter, 1909: Microglossa pulla Gyll., M. picipennis Gyll., Philonthus 

fuscus Grav., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., G. rotundatus Ku- 

gelann, Trox perrisi Fairm. 
Richards, 1930: Staphylinids. 

— , 1949: Phygadeuon bitinctus (Gmel.), P. rusticellae Bridgm., Me- 
tacoelus mansuetor {Gra.v.) , Tinea pellionella (L.). 

Riley and Johannsen, 19 15: Protocalliphora spp. 
— • , 1932: Phormia (Protocalliphora) spp. 

Rivas, 1920: Fleas. 

Rodhain, 1918: Passeromyia heterochaeta. 

Roder, von, 1892: Neottiophilum praeustum Mg. 

Rondani, 1879: Ornithophila vagans Rond. 

Roon, van, 1918: Gnathoncus Buyssoni. 

Rosenberg, 1913: Catops spp., Nemadus colonoides Kr., Lasius fuligi- 
nosus, Pristonychus subcyaneus Illig., Hister merdarius Hoffm., 
Dendrophilus punctatus Hrbst., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugelann, 
G. punctulatus Thorns., Microglossa pulla Gyll., M. marginalis Gyll. 
{rufipennis Kr., Heer), Quedius brevicornis Thoms., Philonthus 
fuscus Grav., Leptacinus linearis Grav., Neuraphes rubicundus 
Schaum, A'', elongatulus Mull. & K., Trox scaber L., Lathridius no- 
difer Westw., Eryx ater Fabr., Quedius truncicola, Prionocyphon 
scrricornis, Quedius vcntralis Arag. {truncicola Fairm.). 

Rothschild, Miriam, 1952: Orchopeas wickhami (Baker). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, D. pyg- 
maeus L., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thoms., Hister merdarius 
Hoffm., Enicmus minutus L., Aleochara spp., Philonthus fuscus 
Grav., Cynomyia mortuorum, Scenopinus fenestralis, Reduviidae, 
Monopis ferruginclla, M. rusticella. 

Rothschild, N. Charles, 19 10: Ceratophyllus laverani Roths. 
— ■ , iQi^: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 

Roubal, 191 7: Cimex dissimilis Horvath, Tenebrio picipes Herbst. 

— , 1930: Oxytelus insecatus Grav., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Quedius 
ventralis Arag., Q. infuscatus Er., Q. microps Grav., Q. brevicornis 
Er., Atheta nigricornis Thoms., Microglotta picipennis Gyll., Den- 
drophilus punctatus Hrbst., Carcinops quattuordecimstriata Steph., 



346 

Hister merdarius Hoffm., H. cadaverinus Hoffm., H. stercorarius 

Hoffm., H. ventralis Marsh. 
Roubal, 1936: Epuraea limbata F., Cryptophagus juscicornis Strm., My- 

cetaea hirta Mannh., Niptus hololeucus Fald. 
Roy, 1946: Pseudolynchia maura, Ceratophyllus spp. 
Riischkamp, 1932a: Gnatlwncus Buyssoni Av.za.t, Vespa crabro. 
Russell, 191 3: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrk., C. gallinulae Dale. 

— , 1922: Ornithomyia auicularia L. 

Rye, 1873: Aleochara lata, Philonthus ebeninus corruscus. 

Saunt, 1934: Eristalis tenax L., anthomyid, Tephrochlamys rufive?itris 
Mg., T. flavipes Ztt., Bombus hortorum L., Aphomia sociella L., 
Amphipyra pyramidea, A. tragopogonis. 

Schaufuss, 1907: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Hister merdarius Hoffm., 
Euplectus tomlini Joy, Trox nidicola Bonn., T. scaber L., Quedius 
mesomelinus Marsh., Q. ventralis Arag., Neuraphes rubicmidus 
Schaum, Atheta jungivora Thorns., A. nigricornis Thorns., A. soror 
Kr., Hapalaraea pygrnaea Payk., Microglossa suturalis Sahib., Que- 
dius brevicornis Thorns., Xantholinus glaber Nordm., Dendrophilus 
punctatus Hbst. 

Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Omalium sp., Xylodromus sp., Oxytelus 
sp., Philonthus sp., Atheta sp., Oxypoda sp., Microglotta pulla 
Gyllh., Aleochara sp., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel., Atomaria sp., 
Cartodere sp., Trox sp. 

Scholz, 1931 : Cimex columbarius Jenyns. 

Scholz and Hinke, 19 19: Aleochara sparsa Heer, Phyllodrepa pygrnaea 
Gyll., Xantholinus glaber Nordm., Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum. 
Quedius (Microsaurus) ventralis Arag. 

Schrank, 1803: Hippobosca avicularia. 

Schwardt, 1932: Protocalliphora chrysorrhea (sic), P. rnetallica, P. 
splendid a. 

Scott, 1907: Mycetaulus bipunctatus Fin. 

Seguy, 1923a: Chortophila (Chortophila) cayinabina Stein. 
- — • , 1929: Mycetaulus bipunctatus Fallen. 

— , 1929a: Aiithomyia pluvialis, A. imbrida, A. procellaris. 

— ■ , 1930: Omphrale albicincta Rossi, O. fenestralis L., Fannia cani- 
cularis L., F. scalaris Fabr. 

— , 1932a: Ornithomyia avicularia L., Mycetaulus bipunctatus Fallen, 
Lasiomma eriophthalma Zett., Anthomyia pluvialis L., Mormoniella 
brevicornis Ashmead, Flohe. 

— • , 1933: Calliphora erythrocephala (L.). 

• — , 1934: Meoneura neottiophila Collin. 

— ■ , 1937: Omphrale bouuieri Seguy, O. senilis Fabr. 

— , 1937a: Fannia sp., Hydrotaea sp., Philornis sp., Musca sp., Hyle- 
myia cannabina (Stein), Opsolasia roederi (Kowarz), Phaonia sp. 

— , 1938a: Myoxopsylla Laverani (Roths.), Dasypsyllus gallinulae 
(Dale), Ceratophyllus fringillae (Walker), C. hirundinis (Curtis), 
C. styx Roths. 



347 

Seguy, 1944" ^'^^'^"•^ hemapterus Nitzsch, Myoxopsylla laverani {^ot\\^.) , 

Ceratophyllus jringillae (Walker) , C. ^ar^f Roths. ; (oscine). 
— • , 1944a: Fa?mfa sp. 

— , 1946: Diptera, Hydrotaca nidicola, Phaonia querceti, Culex fati- 
gans, Docosia fumosa Edw., Mycetaulus bipunctatus (Fallen), An- 
thomyia pluvialis (L.), Doccosia (sic) fumosa Edw., Flohe, Wanzen, 
Federlinge. 

— , 1950: Ornithophilous diptera including "ornithophiles occasion- 
nels" and "ornithophiles obligatoires", Culex fatigans, Megaselia 
sp., Mycetaulus sp., Scenopinus sp., Mycetaulus bipunctatus Fallen, 
Doccosia (sic) fumosa. 

— ■ , 1951 : Dasypsyllus gallinulac Dale. 
Seidel, 1932: Motten, Fliegen, Kafer, Wanzen. 

— , 1937: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Singvogel). Ceratophyllus sci- 
urorum Schr. ; {Passer domesticus or Sturnus vulgaris L.). 

Sergent, 1909a: Cimex hirundinis, C. columbarius Jenyns. 

(Sg. ?), 1907: Gnathoncus sp., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Euplectus tom- 
lini Joy, Trox scaber L., Quedius brevicornis Thorns., Siphonaptera, 
Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum, Choleva colonoides Kr., Micro- 
glossa marginalis Gyll. 

Sharp, 1901 : Silpha thoracica. 

Shaw, 1806: Pulex irritans. 

Shipley, 191 1 : Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale. 
— ■ , 1911a: Bird-flea. 

Sick, 1933: Nemadus colonoides Kr. 

— J 1939- Quedius brevicornis Thorn.?,.; (Hohlennestern). P/iyZ/oc^r^pa 
nigra Grav., Nemadus colonoides Kr., Ptomaphagus sp.; (altes 
Nest). Euplectus piceus Motsch.; (Nestmulm). Euplectus Karsteni 
Fagniezi RaHr.; (Nisthohle). 

— , 1940: Nemadus colonoides Kraatz; (Singvogel). Quedius brevi- 
cornis Thorns., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., fleas, Hister mer- 
darius Hoffm., Trox scaber L., T. Haroldi, Microlestes minutulus 
Goeze, Omalium rivulare Payk., O. caesum Grav., Xylodromus con- 
cinnus Mrsh., Oxytelus rugosus Fbr., Xantholinus linearis Oliv., 
Quedius microps Grav., Tachyporus hypnorum Fbr., T. solutus Er., 
T. obtusus L., Leptusa ruficollis Er., L. haemorrhoidalis Heer, 
Atheta nigricornis Thorns., Microglotta gentilis Mark., Abraeus glo- 
bosus Hoffm., Cryptophagus badius Strm., Olibrus aeneus Fabr., 
coccinellids, Cis sp., Ennearthron affine Gyll., Rhynchaenus rufus 
Schrk., R. fagi L., Apterygoten, fly larvae. Gnathoncus punctulatus 
Thoms.; (Nistkasten). 

Slater, 1924: Ceratophyllus gallinulae, 'Dale. 

Smart, 1943: Hippoboscidae. 

Smith, 1928: Tapinoma sessile Say. 

Sokolowski, 1942: Nemadus colonoides Kr., Sciodrepoides vuatsoni 

Spence. 
Speiser, 1909: Ceratophyllus spp. 



348 

Spencer, 1938: Hippoboscidae. 
Stainton, 1857: Tinea semifulvella. 
Stein, 1915: Chortophila cannabina Stein. 
Strand, 1937: Atheta nidicola Johs. 
■ — , 1946: Gnathoncus sp., G. nanus Scr. [punctulatus Thorns., punc- 

tatus Payk. ) . 
Stresemann, 1934: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, Chortophila spp., Phi- 

lornis spp., Ornithomyia avicularia L. 
Strickland and Merriman, 1913: Ceratophyllus gallinae. 
Szekessy, 1948: Anthrenus pimpincllac F. 
■ — • , 1950: Atomaria ruficornis Marsch., Dermestes hicolor F., Xantho- 

linus glaber Nordm. 
Taschenberg, 1880a: Pulex avium O. Taschenberg. 
Thomas, 1938: Lyctocoris carnpcstris F. 
Thompson, i937d: Fleas. 

— 5 1939" Monopsyllus sciuroruni (Schrank). 

— , 1953: Fleas, cimicids. 

— , 1954: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser (= fringillina Curt.), 
Stenepteryx sp., Crataerina sp. 

Tiflow, 1936: Fleas. 
Tiraboschi, 1904: Ceratophyllus spp. 
Titschack, 1922: Tinea lapella Hb. 
• — , 1929: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; {Singvogeh) . Ceratophyllus mu- 
stelae Schilling. 
Tottenham, 1954: Staphylinids. 
Townsend, 1895: Mydaea spermophilae. 

— , 1934: Passer omyia spp., Ornithomusca spp., Mesembolia bellar- 
diana Aid., Huascaromusca cruciata TT., Musca quadrilineata F., 
Protocalliphora spp. 

Travis, ig^8: Soleiiopsis geminata (F.) ; (ground-nesting birds (?) ). 
Turk, 1946: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale); (many small passerine 

birds). 
Uhlmann, 1938: Anthrenus scrophulariae L., A. verbasci L., A. muse- 

orum L., Tinea pellionella L., T. tapetiella L., T. biselliella (sic) 

Hiim. 
Ullrich, 1939: Fleas. 

van Emden, 1954: Protocalliphora sordida Zett. 
Vorbrodt and Miiller-Rutz, 19 14: Tinea lapella Hb., Mono pis rusticella 

Hb. 
Wagner, 1903: Ceratophyllus oligochaetus Wagner; (Singvogels 

(Oscines) ). 

— , igaj: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 

— ■ , 1930: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., C. borealis Roths., Myoxopsylla 
laverani Roths. 

— , 1936a: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., C. fringillae Walk., C. bore- 
alis Roths., Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale, Myoxopsylla laverani 
Roths. 



349 

Wagner and Wassilieff, 1933: Myoxopsylla laverani Roth. 

Walker, Francis, 1853: Ornithobia pallida Meigen, Ornithomyia avicu- 

laria L. 
Walker, James, 1932: Encephalus complicans Westw. 
Walker and Hobby, 1939: Borkhausenia fuscescens Haw., Endrosis 

lactella Schiff., Borkhausenia pseudospretella Staint., Monopis ru- 

sticella Hiibn., Tinea lapella Hiibn. 
Wallace, ig^^: Protocalliphora spp.; (nest boxes). 

Wanka, von, 1927: Philonthus juscus Grav., Quedius brevicornis Thorns. 
Waters. 1929: Endrosis lactella Schiff., Borkhausenia juscesceiis Haw.. 

B. pseudospretella Staint., Monopis rusticella Hiibn., Tinea lapella 

Hiibn. 
Weber, 1930: Anthocorids. 
Wegelin, 1932: Mistfliegenlarven ; (Nestboden). 

— , 1933: Mallophaga. 

Weiss, 1941 : Dermestids; (nests of fish-eating birds). 
West, 1928 — 1937: Diptera, Psocidae. 
Wolfson, 1955: Fleas, calliphorid flies. 

Woodroffe, 1950: Tinaea (sic) colurnbariella Wocke; (house-nesting 
birds). 

— , ig^ia.: Hofmannophila pseudospretella (Staint.). 
— • , ig^ih: Endrosis lactella (Schiff.). 

— • , 1953: Crataerina pallida (Latr.), Ornithoiyiyia avicularia (L.), O. 
jringillina Curtis, Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.), Ceratophyllus co- 
lumbae Gerv., C. farreni Roths., C. fringillae Walk., C. gallinae 
(Schr.), C. hirundinis (Curt.), Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale), Oeci- 
acus hirundinis (Jenyns), Monopis rusticella (Clerck), Ortho- 
stigma pumilum (Nees), Dibrachys sp., D. cavus (Walk.), Murmi- 
dius ovalis (Beck), Cryptophagus acutangulus Gyll., C. cellaris 
(Scop.), C. distiiiguendus Strm., C. distinguendus Sturm (including 
umbratus Erich.), C. pallidus Sturm, C. saginatus Sturm, C. scani- 
cus L., C. scutellatus New., C. subfumatus Kraatz, Henoticus cali- 
f amicus (Mann.), Anthrenus juscus Oliv., A. museorum (L.), My- 
cetaea hirta (Marsh), Carcinops quattuordecimstriata (Steph.), 
Dendrophilus punctatus (Herbst), Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., 
Hister merdarius Hoffm., Cartodere filiformis (Gyll.), C. ruficollis 
(Mrsh.), Corticaria crenicollis Mann., C. fulva Com., C. pubescens 
(Gyll.), C. fuscula (Gyll.), C. gibbosa (Herbst), Enicmus minutus 
(L.), Lathridius bergrothi Reitt., Mycetophagus quadripustulatus 
(L.), Niptus hololeucus Faldermann, Stilpnus blandus Grav., Cryp- 
tophagus postpositus Sahl. 
Wiilker, 1925: Ornithomyia spp., Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

— , 1926: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis, Crataerhina (sic) pallida. 
Wygodzinsky, 1951 : Ornithocoris uritui Lent and Abalos; (pajaro). 
Zacher, 1927: Dermestes vulpinus F., Tinea fuscipunctella Hw. 

■ — , 1939a: Lyctocoris campestris L. 

— , ig'^gh: Ptinus tectus; (hohlenbriitender Vogel) . 



350 

Zirk, 1928: Philonthus fuscus Grav., Microglossa nidicola Fairm., M. 

gen tills Mark. 
Zumpt, 1928: Trox scaber L., Microglossa spp. 

Birds of Prey 

(Raubvogel, nid de rapace) 

Agrell, 1945: Microglossa picipennis. 

Aubei% 1946: Undetermined coleoptera ; (raptors). 

Castellarnau, de, 1950: Ornithornyia avicularia L. 

Eichler, 1938a: Laemobothrion sp. 

Fagel, 1947: Microglotta gentilis Lune.; (raptors). 

Gaudin, 1921 : Trox perrisi Fairmaire. 

Hinton, 1945: Attagenus pellio (L.). 

Horion, 1936a: Atomaria morio KoL, Nemadus colonoides Kraatz, Mi- 
croglotta picipeiinis Gyll. 

Jeannel, 1934: Sciodrepoides fumatus Spence. 

Jellison, 1940: Undetermined siphonaptera ; (raptorial birds). 

Kemper, 1939a: Attagenus sp. 

Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; (rapaces divers). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora ( = Apaulina of Hall). 

Paulian, 1941: Trox hispidus (Pontopp.), T. perlatus (Geoff.), T. per- 
risi Fairmaire, T. scaber L.; (raptorial birds). 
— , 1943: Undetermined coleoptera, Trox Perrisi Fairm. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Dermestes murinus L., Trox scabulosa, Mi- 
croglossa picipennis Gyllenhall. 

Sokolowski, 1942: Sciodrepoides fumatus Spence. 

Strand, 1944: Atheta (s. str.) nidicola Johans., A. (s. str.) nigricornis 
Thomson. 

Zacher, 1939: Attagenus pellio L. 

Zumpt, 1928: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Microglossa picipennis Gy\- 
lenha.\\, Philo7ithus (s. str.) /u^cu^ Gravenhorst. 

Nests in Burrows 

loff, 1949: Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis frontalis (Roths.). 

loff, Tiflov, Argyropulo, Fedina, Dudolkina, and Shiranovitch, 1946: 
Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis alatau Fedina, Frontopsylla (Or- 
frontia) frontalis baikal loff. 

Smit, 1952: Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis alatau Fedina, Frontop- 
sylla (Orfrontia) frontalis baikal loff, Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) 
frontalis frontalis (Roths.). 

Marsh Birds 

Dampf, 1926: Ceratophyllus garci Koth.%. 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus garei (Roths.). 

Feus, 1938: Ceratophyllus garei ^o\h%. 

Seidel, 1937: Ceratophyllus garei ^oxhs.; ( Sumpf vogel ) . 



35' 

Sea Birds 

(Maritime Birds) 
Holland, 1950: Undetermined siphonaptera. 
Hopping, 1949: Lyrosoma opaca Mann. 
Jordan, 1932: Mioctenopsylla arctica Roths. 

— . ig^"^: Spilopsyllus cuniculi. 
Lack, 1932: Copromyza glacialis, Leria septcntrionalis, Scatophaga li- 

torea, S. stercoraria. 
Richards, 1930: Sphaerocerids. Sphaerocera (Lotobia) pusilla Fallen, 
Leptocera (Limosina) luteilabris Rondani. 

- — ■ , ig4.g: Phygadeuon bitinctus (Gmel.). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 
Rothschild, 1 9 15: Ornithopsylla laetitiae Roths. 
Russell, 1 91 3: Ceratophyllus vagabu7idus Boheman. 
Seguy, 1934: Leptocera siinplicmiana Rondani; (marine birds). 
Shaftesbury, 1934: Undetermined siphonaptera; (ocean birds). 

Waterfowl 

Dampf, 1926: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Philydrus testae eus F. 

— ■ , 1939: Noterus sparsus Marsh., Philydrus testaceus F. 
Eichler, 1938b: Ceratophyllus vagabuiida Boheman. 
Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus garei (Roths.). 
Peus, 1938: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 
Seidel, 1937: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; ( Wasservogel ) . 
Wagner, 1936a: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman. 



Order ANSERIFORMES 

Family ANATIDAE 
Undetermined 

Elton, 1925: Ceratophyllus vagabundus Bohem.; (goose). 

Falcoz, 1914: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Philonthus cephalotes Grav. 

(wild goose). 
Kemper, 1938a: Dermestes lardarius L.; (Enten). 

Anas acuta Linnaeus 
Evans, 1904: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; {Dajila acuta). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Anas acuta L.). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (pintail). 



352 

Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; [Alias platyrhyncha L.). 
Seidel, 1932: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Anas boschas — Stockente). 

— , ig^j: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Anas platyrhyncha h.) . 
Thompson, 1937c: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Anas platyrhyncha pla- 
tyrhyncha L.). 

Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; {Anas hose as (sic)). 

Anser arvensis Brehm 

Dampf, 1911a: Ceratophyllus vagabundus {BohermLu) ; (Melanonyx bra- 
chyrhynchus). 

Jordan, 1932: Ceratophyllus vagabunda vagabunda Boheman; {Anser 
brachyrhynchus) . 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman; {Anser brachy- 
rhynchus Baillon). 

Waterston, 1922: Ceratophyllus vagabundus Bohem.; {Melanonyx bra- 
chyrhynchus Baill.). 

Aythya fuligula (Linnaeus) 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koth?,. 

Branta leucopsis (Bechstein) 
Jordan, 1932: Ceratophyllus vagabunda vagabunda Bohem.; (Branta 

leucopsis). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem. 

Cygnus olor (Gmelin) 
Donisthorpe, 1930b: Tabanus tropicus, Stenolophus vespertinus Pz., 
Acupalpus luridus Dj., Anchomenus puellus Dj., Cercyon haemor- 
rhoidalis F., C. analis Pk., Cryptopleurum atomarium Ol., Oxypoda 
longiuscula Gr., Alianta incana Er., Atheta nigella Er., A. zosterae 
Th., A. hodierna Sharp, A. pygmaea Or., Myllaena dubia Or., Phi- 
loyithus albipes Or., P. umbratilis Or., P. debilis Or., P. micans Gr., 
Gabrius nigritulus Gr., Actobius cinerascens Gr., Stenus juno F., 
S. latifrons Er., Oxytelus rugosus ¥., Trogophloeus corticinus Gr., 
Trichopteryx fratercula Matth., Ptenidium nitidum Heer, Choleva 
nigrita Er., C. watsoni Spence, Rhizobius litura F., Coccidula rufa 
Hbst., Melanophthalma gibbosa Hbst., Telmatophilus schonherri 
Gyll., Cryptophagus pilosus Gyll., C. dentatus Hbst., Atomaria me- 
somelas Hbst., Typhaea fumata L., Cyphon variabilis Thunb., C. 
padi L.; (swan). 

— , 1931c: Cercyon analis Pk., Atheta hygrotopora Kr., A. nigella Er., 
A. exilis Er., A. inoptata Shp., A. basicornis Rey., A. pygmaea Gr., 
Mylrena sp., Xantholinus linearis Ol., Lathrobium terminatum Gr., 
Trogophloeus corticinus Gr., Lesteva heeri Fauv., Ischnodemus sa- 
buleti Fall. ; (swan) . 

— , ig'^6: Ischnodema sabuletiFaW.; (swan). 



353 

Donisthorpe, 1936a: Stenolophus vespertinus Panz., Acu palpus exiguus 
Dej. V. luridus Dej., Anchomeneus puellus Dej.; (swan). 

— , 1937: Cercyon haemorrhous Gyll., C. haemorrhoidalis Hbst., C. 
analis Payk., Crypto pleurum atomarium Muls., Oxypoda longius- 
cula Grav., Ocyusa maura Er., Alianta incana Er., Atheta hygroto- 
pora Kr., A. nigella Er., A. exilis Er. ( = Meotica exilis), A. inoptata 
Sharp, A. gagatina Baudi, A. basicornis Rey., A. zosterae Th., A. 
oloriphila Keys, A. hodierna Sharp, A. germana Sharp, A. atramen- 
taria Gyll., A. longicornis Gr., A. pygmaea Grav., Myllaena dubia 
Grav., Philonthus albipes Grav., P. umbratilis Grav., P. micans 
Grav., Actobius cinerascens Grav., Xantholinus linearis OL, Lathro- 
bium terminatum Grav., Stenus juno P., S. pallitarsus Steph., S. 
tarsalis Ljungh, S. latifrons Er., Trogophloeus corticinus Steph., 
Lesteva heeri Fauv., Choleva nigrita Er., C. watsoni Spence, Tri- 
chopteryx jratercula Matth., T. montandoni All., Ptilium kunzei 
Heer, Ptenidium nitidum Heer, Rhizobius litura ¥., Coccidula rufa 
Hbst., Melanophthalma gibbosa Hbst., Tclmatophilus schonherri 
Gyll., Cry pto phagus pilosus GyW.; (swan). 

- — , 1938: Crypto phagus dentatus Hbst., Atomaria mesomelas Hbst., 
A. ruficornis Marsh., Typhaea fumata L., Cyphoii nitidulus Th., 
C. variabilis Thunb., C. padi L. ; (swan). 

— , 1939: Acupalpus exiguus Dej. var. luridus Dej., Anchomenus 
puellus Dej., Stenolophus vespertinus Pz., Coccidula rufa Hbst., 
Rhizobius litura ¥., Atomaria mesomelas Hbst., A. ruficornis 
Marsch., Cryptophagus dentatus Hbst., C. pilosus Gyll., Tclmatophi- 
lus schonherri Gyll., Cyphon nitidulus Th., C. padi L., C. variabilis 
Thunb., Cercyon analis Payk., C. haemorrhoidalis Hbst., C. hae- 
morrhous Gyll., Cryptopleurum atomarium Muls., Melanophthalma 
gibbosa Hbst., Typhaea fumata L., Choleva nigrita Er., C. 
watsoni Spence, Actobius cinerascens Grav., Alianta incana Er., 
Atheta atramentaria Gyll., A. basicornis Rey., A. exilis Er., A. gaga- 
tina Baudi, A. germana Sharp, A. hodierna Sharp, A. hygrotopora 
Kr., A. inoptata Sharp, A. longicornis Grav., A. nigella Er., A. olo- 
riphila Keys, A. pygmaea Grav., A. zosterae Th., Lathrobium ter- 
minatum Grav., Lesteva heeri Fauv., Myllaena dubia Grav., Ocyusa 
maura Er., Oxypoda longiuscula Grav., Philonthus albipes Grav., 
P. debilis Grav., P. micans Grav., P. umbratilis Grav., Stenus juno 
Fabr., S. latifrons Er., S. pallitarsis Steph., S. tarsalis Ljungh, Tro- 
gophloeus corticinus Grav., Xantholinus linearis OL, Ptenidium ni- 
tidum Heer, Ptilium kunzei Heer, Trichopteryx montandoni AIL, 
T. fratercula Matth., Ischnodemus sabuleti Fall.; (swan). 

Hinton, 1945: Typhaea stercorea (L.), Cryptophagus dentatus (Hbst.); 

(swan). 
Keys, 1933: Atheta (Datomicra) oloriphila Keys; (swan). 
Leleup, 1947c: Atheta (Datomicra) oloriphila Keys; (cygnes). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Atheta oloriphyla (sic) ; (swan). 
Sokolowski, 1942: Catops nigrita Er. ; (swan). 



354 

Erismatura jamaicensis rubida (Wilson) 
Holland, 1949: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Erismatura jamaicensis 
rubida). 

Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus) 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 
Waterston, 19 14: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Oedemia nigra). 

Mergus merganser Linnaeus 

Kemper, 1938a: Corticaria pubescens GylL, Liposcelis divinatorius 

Miill.; (Ganseager). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank) ; (Mergus merganser). 

— , 1936: Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, D. pygmaeus L., Corticaria 
pubescens GylL, Atheta exilis Er., A. nigricornis Thorns., Micro- 
glossa pulla GylL, Philonthus fuscus Grav., P. laminatus Creuz., 
Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Liposcelis divinatorius (Miill.) , 
Psocus nebulosus Steph., Lipeurus temporalis N. 

Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, Philonthus fuscus 
Grav.; (Mergus merganser). 

Mergus serrator Linnaeus 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei^oths. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (red-breasted 
merganser) . 

Somateria sp. 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (eider-duck). 

Lindroth, 1931: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Eidernestern). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (eider-duck). 

Thoroddsen, 1915: '^Ceratophyllus garei islandicus Wagner; (eider- 
duck). 

West, 1928 — 1937: Crypto phagus sp., Catops fuliginosus Er., Atheta 
amicula Steph., A. excellens Kraatz, A. melanocera Thoms., A. 
vestita Grav., Omalium caesum Grav., O.laeviusculum GylL, Othius 
melanocephalus Grav., O. myrmecophilus Kiesenw. ; (eider-duck). 

Somateria mollissima (Linnaeus) 
Henriksen, 1939: Ceratophyllus garei islandicus Wagner; {Somma- 

teria (sic) mollissima). 
Kemner, 1938: Ceratophyllus garei islandicus Wagner; [Sommateria 

(sic) mollissima). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank) ; (Somateria mollis- 
sima) . 

— , 1936: Ochtebius marinus Payk., Staphylinus pubescens DeGeer, 
Ceratophyllus garei Roths., Anurophorus laricis Nic, Entomobrya 
nivalis L., Lepidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb., Xenylla maritima Tullb.; 
{Somateria mollissima L.). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 



355 

Waterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; {Somateria molissima 
(sic)). 

Spatula clypeata (Linnaeus) 
Rothschild. 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (shoveler). 
Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Spatula clypeata). 

Tadorna tadorna (Linnaeus) 
Baer, 1 95 1 : Siphonaptera. 
Kirichenko, 1949: Diptera, lepidoptera, coleoptera; {Tadorna tadorna 

Woodroffe, 1953: Ptinus jur (L.), P. subpilosus Sturm. 

Order APODIFORMES 

Family APODIDAE 

Undetermined 

Austen, 1926: Crataerina acutipennis Austen; (swift in Natal). 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walk.; (swift). 
Bedford, 1932: Crataerina acutipennis Austen; (swift in Natal). 
Bequaert, 1942a: Crataerina?,^.] (swift). 
— " 3 1953^- Pteromalidae; (swift). 

— , 1954: Myiophthiria sp., Crataerina sp., Crataerina pallida; (swift). 
Butler, 1923: Cimex hirundinis ]enyns; (swift). 

Colyer and Hammond, 195 1 : Crataerina pallida Latr.; (swift). 

du Buysson, 1923a: Oxypterurn pallidum Leach; (martinets). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Crataerhina (sic) pallida Latr., 

Stenepteryx hirundinis L.; (swift). 
Frank, 1913: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns; (matinets). 
Hamm, 1939: Oxypterurn pallidum Leach; (swift). 
Hesse, 1919a: Crathaerina (sic) (Oxypterurn) pallida Oliv.; (swift). 
Hiieber, 1893: Cimex Hirundinis ]en.; (martinets). 
Morley and Atmore, 1915: Oxypterurn pallidum Leach; (swift). 
Peus, 1938: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walk.; (Segler). 
Reichert, 1939: Crataerrhina (sic) pallida; (Segler). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walk., C. gallinae 

(Schrank) ; (swift). 
Russell, 1922: Oxypterum sp. ; (swift). 
Seguy, 1937: Omphrale glabrifrons; (martinets). 
Shaw, 1806: Hippobosca hirundinis ; (swifts). 
Speiser, 1905: Crataerhina (sic) var. kirbyana'L&dich.; (swift). 

— , 1908: Stenopteryx (sic) sp., Crataerhina (sic) sp.; (Segler). 

— , 1909: Crataerhina (sic) pallida 0\.; (Segler). 

Stresemann, 1934: Stenopteryx (sic) sp., Crataerhina (sic) sp.; (Segler) . 
Thompson, 1953: Hippoboscae hirundinis, Oxypterum pallidum Leach, 
Crataerina pallida; (swift). 



356 

White, 1902: Hippoboscae hirundinis; (swift). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951b: Various household pests; (swift). 

Aeronautes sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: MyiophtJiiria (Brachypteromyia) fhnbriata, M. (B.) 
neotropica. 

Aeronautes saxatalis (Woodhouse) 
Austen, 1926: Brachypteromyia jimbriata Waterhouse; {Aeronautes 

melanoleucus Baird). 
List, 1925: Synxenoderus comosus List; (Aeronautes melanoleucus). 
Speiser, 1908: Brachypteromyia sp.; {Aeronautes melanoleucus). 

Apus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Crataerina acutipennis Austen, C. longipenyiis, C. pro- 

pinqua. 
Rondani, 1879: Chelidomyia hirundiriis h.; {Cypselis (sic)). 

Apus acuticaudus (Blyth) 
Baker, 1927: Undetermined insects; (Micropus acuticaudus). 

Apus affinis (Gray) 

Bedford, 1932: Crataerina acutipennis Austen; {Colletoptera affinis 

(Grey)). 
Distant, 1910: Cimex rotundatus Sign.; (common swift at Calcutta). 
Green, 1925: Stenopteryx (sic) sp.; (Cypselus affinis). 
Horvath, 191 2: Cimex hemipterus Fabr. ; (common swift in India). 

Apus affinis nipalensis (Hodgson) 
Baker, 1927: Lice; (Micropus affinis nipalensis) . 

Apus apus (Linnaeus) 
Austen, 1909: Oxypterum pallidum Leach; {Cypselus apus L.). 
Bagnall, 1915: Oxypterum pallidum Leach, small chalcid; (swift from 
Newcastle). 
- — • , 1918 — ^1921: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank; (Cypselus apus). 
Bau, 1929: Crataerrhina (sic) pallida (Latr.). 
Bequaert, 1953a: Crataerina pallida (Latr.) ; (Apus apus). 

— , 1953b: Crataerina pallida (Latr.) ; (Apus apus). 
Bickhardt, 1907a: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Mauerschwalbe). 

— , igojc: Microglossa nidicola Fa.'irm.; (Mauerschwalbe). 
Brauer, 1883: Oxypterum pallidum Leach; (Cypselus apus). 
Brumpt, 1949: Crataerina pallida Latr.; (Cypselus apus). 

Biittiker, 1944: Crataerina pallida Latr., Ceratophyllus gallinea (sic), 
C. gallinae L., Dermestes vulpinus ¥., Attagenus pellio, Omphrale 
fenestralis, Tinea biselliella (sic), Liposcelis divinatorius; {Mi- 
cropus apus L. ) . 

— , ig/].g: Crataerina pallida hair.; {Micropus apus L.). 



357 

Castellarnau, de, 1950: Ornithomyia hirundinis Leach; {?Hirundo apus). 

Cornelius, 1869: Cryptopliagus sp., Lathridius sp., Oxypterum pallidum 
Leach, Tinea pellionella, Ptinus sp., Lepisma sp., Anthrenus pim- 
pinellae, Attagenus piceus (Ol.), chalcid; (Cypselus apus). 

Cutcliffe, 195 1 : Crataerhina (sic) pallida; (Apus apus). 

— , 1955: Crataerina pallida (Latr.), Tachyporus lypnosum (sic), le- 
pidopterous larvae, Attagenus pellio (L.), Borkhausenia pseudo- 
spretella (Staint.) ; (Apus apus). 

Dampf, 1908: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walk.; (Cypselus apus). 

Dobner, 1862: Anapera pallida Leach; (Thurmschwalbe). 

Douglas, 187 1 : Oxypterum pallidum Leach, Pteromalus sp., Cryptopha- 

gus sp., Lathridius sp.; (Cypselus apus). 
Eichler, 1935: Oeciacus hirundinis; {Micropus apus apus (L.)). 
- — ■ , 1937: Oeciacus hirundinis hirundinis; {Micropus apus L.). 

— , ig-^Qh: Crataerina pallida L,2Ltr.; {Micropus apus h.) . 

— , ig-^gc: Crataerina pallida L,a.tr.; (Mauersegler). 

— • . ig/\.4.: Crataerina pallida L.a.tr.; {Micropus apus apus h.). 

— , iQ^o: Crataerina pallida; {M.dLuerseg\er). 

Falcoz, 1926: Crataerina pallida (Latr.), Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis 

L.; {Cypselus apus 1^.) . 
Frei-Gessner, 1864: Acanthia sp.; {Cypselus apus L.). 
Galli-Valerio, 1931: Oxypterum pallidum Latr., Acanthia ciliata Evers.; 

(Cypselus apus). 
— ■ , 1932: Crataerhina (sic) pallidaha.tr.; (Cypselus apus). 
— • , 1939: Crataerhina (sic) pallida L.a.tv.; (Cypselus apus). 
Guiart and Lesieur, 1913: Crataerhina (sic) pallida Olfers; {Cypselus 

apus L.). 
Guide, 1941: Oeciacus hirundinis ]enyns; (Mauersegler). 
Hardenberg, 1927. Crataerrhina (sic) pallida OIL; (gierzwaluw). 

— , 1929: Crataerrhina (sic) sp.; ( Gierschwalbe ) . 
Hase, 1938: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; {Cypselus apus L.). 

— , 1940: Crataerina pallida, C. melbae Rond.; (Mauersegler). 
Hennicke, 1901 : Hippohosca hirundinis. 

Herter, 1952: Crataerrhina (sic) pallida hatr.; (Mauersegler). 

— > 1953: Oeciacus hirundinis, Crataerrhina (sic) pallida; (Mauer- 
segler) . 

Hesse, 1920: Crathaerina (sic) (Oxypterum) pallida Oliv.; {Cypselus 
apus L.). 

— , 1929: Crathaerina (sic) pallida OYw.; (Mauersegler). 

Hinton, 1945: Attagenus piceus (OL), Anthrenus (Anthrenus) pimpi- 

nellae Fab.; (Cypselus apus). 
Johnsen, 1948: Crataerina pallida (Latr.). 

Jussel, 1905: Oxypterum pallidum Leach; {Cypselus apus Illiger). 
Kemper, 1938a: Liposcelis divinatorius Miill., Oeciacus hirundinis Jen., 

Dermestes lardarius L., Corticaria puhcscens Gyll., Ptinus villiger 

Rt.; (Mauersegler). 

— , 1 951: Crataerina pallida Latr., Attagenus sp., Anthrenus pimpi- 
nellae, Dermestes sp., Attagenus pellio, A. piceus, Dermestes tarda- 



358 

rius, Ptinus tectus, Tenebrio molitor, moth larvae, muscid larvae, 
silverfish, copeognathids ; (Micropus apus L.). 

Kluz, 1950: Crataerina pallida Latr. ; {Micropus apus apus (L.)). 

Lehnert, 1933: Crataerhina (sic) pallida OUers; (Mauersegler). 

Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; {Apus apus apus L.). 

Lindner, 1940: Crataerrhina (sic) pallida Latr.; {Micropus apus L.l. 

Low, 1866: Stenopteryx (sic) liirundinis L.; {Cypselus apus 111.). 

Menegaux, 1939: Crataerina pallida (Latr.), Stenopteryx (sic) liirun- 
dinis L. 

Mokhehle, 1951 : Crataerina pallida Austin; (Micropus apus) . 

Muzik, 191 1 : Oeciacus liirundinis Jen.; (Cypselus apus). 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus delichoni Nordberg, C. liirundinis Sam.; 
(Apus apus). 

— , 1936: Dermestes lardarius L., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., D. 
pygmaeus L., Corticaria puhescens Gyll., Euplectus karsteni Rei- 
chenb., Ptinus villiger Reitt., Ceratophyllus delichoni Nordb., C. 
hirundinis Sam., Entomohrya niarginata Tullb., Hypogastrura pur- 
purascens Lubb., Liposcelis divinatorius (Miill.), Dennyus trunca- 
tus Olf. ; {Apus apus L.). 

Reiber, 1881^ — 1882: Cimicidae, Anapera pallida; (Cypselus murarius). 

Reiber and Puton, 1875 — 1876: Cimex hirundinis Jen.; (Cypselus mu- 
rarius) . 

Reuter, 1913: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Cypselus apus). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus fringillae (Walk.), C. gallinae (Schr.). 

Rothschild, 1903a: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walk.; (Cypselus apus). 

Schaufuss, igoj: Microglossa 7iidicolaFa.irTn.; (Mauersegler). 

Schneider-Orelli, 1937: Crataerina pallida Latr.; {Micropus apus L.). 

Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Crataerina pallida Latr.; (gierzwaluw) . 

Seguy, 1932a: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis (L.), Crataerhina (sic) pal- 
lida Latr. 

— , 1936: Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.). Crataerina pallida (Latr.); 
{Cypselus apus (L.) ) . 

Speiser, 1905: Crataerhina (sic) pallida 0\ix.; (Mauersegler). 
Stendall, 1940: Crataerina pallida Latr.; {Apus apus apus (L.) ). 
Szekessy, 1950: Dermestes lardarius L., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., 

Euplectus karsteni var. falsus Bedel; (Apus apus). 
Thompson, 1938b: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., Crataerina pallida 

(Latr.) ; {Micropus a. apus (L.) ). 
■ — ; 1953a: Crataerina pallida (Latr.), Hofmannophila pseudospre- 

tella {Sta.mt.) , Attageiius pellio (L.) ; (swift from Devon). 
Titschack, 1929: Ceratophyllus fringillae Wa-lk.; (Turmschwalbe). 
Wegelin, 1934: Pulex avium L., Ceratophyllus aviam (sic) Tasch.; 

(Mauersegler). 
Zacwilichowski, 1934: Oxypterum pallidum Leach; {Cypselus apus L.). 

Apus apus pekinensis (Swinhoe) 
Baker, 1927: Undetermined insects; (Micropus apus pekinensis). 



359 

Apus caffer caffer (Lichtenstein) 
Mokhehle, 1951 : Cratacrina acutipennis Austin; {Caffrapus caffer caffer 
(Roberts)). 

Apus melba (Linnaeus) 
Austen, 1926: Crataerina pallida Latr., C. melbae Rond.; {Micro pus 
melba L.). 

— , ig^2: Crataerina pallida hsitr.; (Alpine swift). 
Baer, 1951 : Orneascus (sic) sp.; (Swiss Alpine martin). 

Bequaert, 1953a: Crataerina melbae Rond., C. pallida (Latr.) ; (Apus 
melba). 

— 5 1953 • Crataerina melbae Rond., C. pallida (Latr.); (Apus 
melba). 

Brauer, 1883: Oxypterum pallidum Leach; (Cypselus melba). 
Biittiker, 1949: Crataeriria melbae Rond.; {Micro pus melba L.). 
Eichler, 1939b: Crataerina pallida Latr.; {Micro pus melba L.). 
— ■ , 1939c: Cra^fl^rma m^/^ae Rond. ; (Alpensegler). 

— , 1940: Crataerina melbae Rond., C. pallida Latr.; {Micro pus 
melba L.) . 

Menegaux, 1939: Crataerina melbae (Rond.) ; {Apus melba L.). 
Schneider-Orelli, 1937: Crataerina pallida Latr., C. melbae Rond.; {Mi- 

cropus melba L.) . 
Speiser, 1909: Crataerhina (sic) melbae Rnd.; {Apus melba L.). 
Troller, 1932: Crataerrhina (sic) melbae Rond.; (Micropus melba 

melba L.) ). 

Ghaetura pelagica (Linnaeus) 

Blatchley, 1926: Oeciacus vicarius llorva.th; (chimney swift) . 

Boyd, 1951: Hemiptera; (Chaetura pelagica). 

Eichler, 1953: Dennyus dubius Kellogg; {Chaetura pelagica L.). 

Ewing, 1930: Dennyus (Dennyus) dubius (Kellogg) ; (Chaetura pel- 
agica). 

Johnson, 1925: O eciacus vicarius Horv.; (chimney swift) . 

Leonard, 1926: Oeciacus vicarius Horv.; (chimney swift). 

List, 1925: Cimexopsis nyctalis List; (Chaetura pelagica). 

Riley and Johannsen, 1932: Cimexopsis nyctolis (sic) List; (Chaetura 
pelagica) . 

Thompson, 1936: Dennyus dubius (Kellogg). 

Collocalia sp. 

Speiser, 1908: Myiophthiria sp.; (salanganen ) . 

Collocalia brevirostris (Horsfield) 
Austen, 1926: Myophthiria (sic) sp; {Collocalia unicolor unicolor 

Jerdon). 
Baker, 1927: Undetermined insects; (Collocalia unicolor unicolor). 



360 

Bequaert, 1953b: Myiophthiria lygaeoidcs Rondani; (Collocalia breviro- 

stris unicolor). 
Thompson, 1938: Myiophthiria sp. ; {Collocalia unicolor unicolor 

Jerdon ) . 

Collocalia esculenta linchi Horsfield and Moore 
Reuter, 1913: Undetermined bedbug; [Collocalia linchi Yiov^.i.). 

Collocalia spodiopygia (Peale) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Myiophthiria reduvioides: (Collocalia spodiopygia). 
Lever, ig^.! : Myophthisia (sic) reduvoides (sic) Rond.; [Colocalia (sic) 
fuciphaga spodiopyga (sic) Peele (sic). 

— , 1942: Myophthiria (sic) reduvoides (sic) Rond.; {Collocalia spo- 
diopyga (sic) ). 

Collocalia troglodytes Gray 
Bequaert, 1953b: Myiophthiria reduvioides; (Collocalia troglodytes). 

Collocalia vanikorensis (Quoy and Gaimard) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Myiophthiria reduvioides; (Collocalia vanikorensis). 

Cypsiurus parvus balasiensis (J. E. Gray) 
Thompson, 1936: Dennyus sp.; {Tachornis batassiensis batassiensis 

(Gray)). 

— , ig^d)-. Dennyus cypsiurus Thovcvp'ion. 

Nephoecetes sp. 

Bequaert, ig^^h: Myiophthiria (Brachypteromyia) fimbriata. 



Order ARDEIFORMES 

Family ARDEIDAE 
Undetermined 

Arrow, 1915: Derrnestes nidum; (heron). 

Brauer, 1883: Olfersia ardeae Mcq.; (bittern). 

Czwalina, 1885: Microglossa picipennis Gyll.; (Reiher). 

Macquart, 1835: Olfersia ardeae Mcq.; (heron). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Atheta nidicola Johans., A. nigricornis 

Thoms., A. trinotata Kr. ; (heron). 
Seidlitz, 1891: Stichoglossa (Ischnoglossa) picipennis Gyll.; (Reiher). 
Sokolowski, 1942: Sciodrepoides fumatus Spence, Nargus wilkini Spence 

{Demochrus Thoms.), Catops coracinus Kelln., C. tristis Panz., C. 

morio F., C. nigrita Er. ; (Reiher). 



36 1 

Ardea cinerea Linnaeus 

Donisthorpe, 1935a: Cryptophagus scajiicus L., Dermestcs lardarius 
L., Carcinops 14-striatus Steph., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., 
Cercyon jlavipes F., Choleva grandicollis Er., C. tristis Pz., 
Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Gr., A. (Atheta) nigricornis Th., A. (Bes- 
sobia) fungivora Th., A. (B.) occulta Er., A. ( Dimetrota) marcida 
Er., Crataraea suturalis Mannh., Homalium rivulare Payk., Lathri- 
maeum atrocephalum Gyll., Oxypoda lividipennis Mann., O. opaca 
Grav., Proteinus ovalis Steph., Quedius mesomelinus Marsh., Si- 
palia circellaris Grav., Tachinus bicolor Gr., T. humeralis Gr., T. 
marginellus F., T. subterraneus L.. Xantlwlinus longiventris Heer, 
Meoneura neotiophila (sic) Coll., Anthomyia procellaris Rud., Sca- 
topse notata S., Phaerocera (sic) sp., Sphaerocera subsultans F., 
Chloropisca notata Mg., Tephrochlamys tarsalis Zett., Chiromyia 
(sic) sp., Piophila vulgaris Fin., Lyctocoris campestris Fab., En- 
tomobrya albocincta Tempi., Borkhausenia pseudospretalla Staint., 
Endrosis lactella Schiff.. Monopis rusticella Hiib., Tinea lapella 
Hbn., T. pellionella L., Muscidifurax raptor Girault & Saunders, 
Pachyneuron sp., Phygadeuon rusticellae Bridg., Phaenopria ca- 
meroni Kieff., Klcidotoma gryphus Thorns., Forficula auricularia L. 

Falcoz, 1926: Ornitheza nu tallica (Schiner), Ornithoponus ardeae 
Macq. 

Lowe, 1954: Ornithomyia avicularia; (Ardea cinerea). 

Rosenberg, 1913: Gnathoncus pujictulatus Thorn?,. 

Seguy, 1932a: Ornitheza metallica Schiner, Lynchia (Ornithoponus) 
ardeae (Macq.). 

— , I ^0^6 : Lynchia ardeae CMsLcq.) , Ornitheza metallica (Schiner). 
Spittle, 1947a: Gnathoncus punctulatus Th., Atheta nidicola Joh., A. 

nigricornis Th., A. trinotata Kr., Mniusa incrassata Rey., Phi- 
lonthus aeneus Ross.; [Ardea cinerea cinerea L.). 

Szekessy, 1950: Dermestes lardarius L.. Carcinops 14-striatus Steph., 
Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Oxypoda opaca Grav. ; (Ardea ci- 
nerea). 

Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Ardea cinerea). 

Ardea (Pyrrherodia) purpurea Linnaeus 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithoponus ardeae Macq.; 
(purple heron). 

Falcoz, 1926: Ornithoponus ardeae Macq.; [Ardea purpurea L.). 

Kirichenko. 1949: Cimex sp.; (Ardea purpurea L.). 

Seguy, 1932a: Lynchia (Ornithoponus) ardeae (Macq.) ; [Ardea pur- 
purea L.). 

— , 1936: Lynchia ardeae (Macq.) ; [Ardea purpurea L.). 

Botaurus stellaris (Linnaeus) 
Bequaert, 1953a: Lynchia albipennis [— ardeae) (Say); (Botaurus stel- 
laris) . 



362 

Falcoz, 1926: O rnit ho ponus ardeae Ma.cq.; {Botaurus stellaris L.) . 

Ornithomyia avicularia L.; {Ardea stellaris L.). 
Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L. ; {Botaurus stellaris L.). 
Seguy, 1936: Lynchia ardeae (Macq.) ; [Botaurus stellaris L.). 

Ornithomyia avicularia (L.); {Ardea stellaris 'L..) . 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Botaurus stellaris). 

Bubulcus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica confluenta (= O. beccariina). 

Butorides sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica confluenta (= O. beccariina). 

Casmerodius sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica confluenta (= O. beccariina). 

Ixobrychus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica confluenta (— O. beccariina). 

Leucophoyx sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica confluenta (— O. beccariina). 

Nycticorax sp. 

Paulian, 1950: Coccinellidae, Cucujoidea, Hydrophilidae, Staphylini- 
dae, micromuscid, Calliphoridae, undetermined hemiptera, Cimi- 
cidae, Reduviidae, undetermined roaches, Euborellia annulipes Lu- 
cas, Thalperus ova (sic) Borm. 

Nycticorax nycticorax (Linnaeus) 
Barber, 19 14: Dermestes elongatus Leconte; (black-crowned night 

heron). 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; {Ardea nycticorax L.). 
Hinton, 1945: Dermestes nidum Arrow; (black-crowned night heron). 
Linsley, 1944: Dermestes elongatus Lee; (black-crowned night heron). 
Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; {Nycticorax nycticorax L.). 
Muchtler and Weiss, 1927: Dermestes nidum Arrow; (black-crowned 

night heron ) . 
Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; {Ardea nycticorax L.). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L. ; (Nycticorax nycticorax). 

Family GIGONIIDAE 

Ciconia sp. 

Bickhardt, 191 1: Carcinops pumilio Er., Cartodere ruficollis Mrsh.. 

Enicmus minutus L., Trox perlatus Goeze; (Storch). 
— , igi6: Carcinops quattuordecimstriata Steph.; (Storch). 



363 

Dingier, 1928: Cartodere ruficollis Marsh.; (Storch). 
Everts, 1922: Cartodere ruficollis Mrsh. ; (stork). 

Hinton, 1941 : Enicmus minutus (L.), Cartodere ruficollis (Marsham) ; 
(stork). 

— , 1945: Enicmus minutus (L.), Cartodere ruficollis (Marsh.); 
(stork). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Carcinops quatuordecimstriata (sic) Steph., Enic- 
mus minutus L., Cartodere ruficollis, Msh.; (Storch). 

Linsley, 1944: Carcinops 14-striatus Steph., Cartodere ruficollis Mrsh., 
Enicmus minutus h.; (stork). 

Reitter, 191 1: Cartodere (Cartoderema) ruficollis 'Mrsh.; (Storch). 

Schaufuss, 1916: Enicmus minutus (L.) ; (Storch). 

Sick, 1940: Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Dendrophilus punctatus 
Hbst., Trox scaher L.; (Storch). 

Szekessy, 1944: Carcinops pumilio Er., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., 
Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Cercyon unipunctatus L., Carto- 
dere ruficollis Marsh., Enicmus minutus L., Typhoea (sic) ster- 
coraria (sic) L., Aphodius fimetarius L., Trox perlatus Goeze, T. 
scaher L., Atheta corvina Thorns., A. nigra Kr., A. palustris Kiesw., 
Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic), Philonthus fuscus Hbst.; 
(Storch). 

— , 1948: Anthrenus scrophulariae L., Cartodere elegans Aube, Tro- 
gophloeus corticinus Grav., Triphleps majuscula Reut.; (Storch). 

Weber, 1938: Philonthus fuscus L., Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic), 
Atheta nigra, A. corvina, A. palustris, Dendrophilus punctatus 
Hbst., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Trox scaher L., Aphodius 
fimetarius L., Cercyon unipunctatus L., Enicmus minutus L., Car- 
todere ruficollis Mrsh., Typhaea stercoraria (sic) L. ; (Storch). 

Ciconia ciconia ciconia (Linnaeus) 

Eichler, 1934a: Bees. 

Kemper, 1938c: Lucilia caesar; (weissen Storch). 

Szekessy, 1944: Anthocoris flavipes Reut., Triphleps majuscula Reut., 
Lasius hrunneus Latr., Tetramorium caespitum L., Forficula auri- 
cularia L., diptera, Syncalypta spinosa Rossi, Acupalpus elegans 
Dej., Stenolophus mixtus var. ziegleri Panz., Cetonia sp., Epithrix 
puhescens Koch, Galerucella luteola MiilL, Clamhus pubcscens 
Redtb., Aglenus hrunneus Gyll., Anthrenus goliath Muls., A. pim- 
pinellae Fabr., A. scrophulariae L., Attagenus piceus Ol., Derme- 
stes hicolor F., D. lardarius L., Acritus nigricornis Hoffm., Carci- 
nops 14-striatus Steph., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus 
punctulatus Thorns., Limnehius picinus Mrsh., Aderus populneus 
Panz., Cartodere elegans Aube, C. filiformis Gyll., Corticaria serrata 
Payk., Enicmus minutus L., Holoparamecus caularum Aube, Mono- 
tonia hicolor Vill., Tenehrioides ryiauritanicus L., Euplectus kar- 
steni var. falsus Bedel, E. sanguineus Denny, E. signatus Reichb., 
Ptenidium pusillum Gyll., Acrotrichis hrevipennis Er., Ptinus fur 



364 

L., Aphodius granarius L.. Diastictus tibialis F., Trox hispidus 
Laich., T. hispidus Laich. ab. nodulosus Har., Scydmaenus rufus 
Miill., Nemadus colonoides Kraatz, Edaphus blilhweissi Scheerpltz., 
Leptacinus bathychrus (sic) Gyll., Microglotta marginalis Grav., 
Oxypoda nigrocincta Muls., Philonthus concinnus Grav., P. fuscus 
Grav., Phyllodrepa floralis Payk., Trogophloeus corticinus Grav., T. 
pusillus Grav., Xantholhius glaber Nordm.. X. glaber Nordm. ab 
angularis Gglb., Tenebrio molitor L., Laelius sp., Trichopria (for- 
micaria Thorns.?), Arriblyaspis sp., Spalangia subpunctata Forst., 
Raphigaster (sic) nebulosa Poda., Conomorium eremita Forst., Ce- 
roxys hortulana Rossi, Scatops fuscipes Meig., Haplegis sp.; {Cico- 
nia ciconia (L.) ). 
Szekessy, 1950: Undetermined coleoptera, Acupalpus elegans Dej., Calo- 
soma sycophanta L., Carabus cancellatus var. tibiscinus Csiki, 
C. violaceus var. betuliae Csiki, Chlaenius spoliatus Rossi, Steno- 
lophus mixtus var. ziegleri Panz., Galerucella luteola Miill., Clam- 
bus pubescens Redtb., Cerylon histeroides F., Arthrolips piceus 
Com., Atomaria ruficornis Marsch., Cryptophagus badius Sturm. 
C. hirtulus Kr., Anthrenus goliath Muls., A. pimpinellae F., A. 
scrophulariae L., Attagenus piceus Ol., Dermestes bicolor F., D. 
lardarius L., Dytiscus sp., Elater megerlei Lac, Heterocerus fuscu- 
lus Kiesw., Carcinops 14-striatus Staph., Dendrophilus punctatus 
Hbst., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thoms., Hister corvinus Germ., Cer- 
cyon nigriceps Mrsh., C. unipunctatus L., Hydrous piceus L., 
Limnebius picinus Mrsh., Ochthebius impressus Mrsh., Bruchus pi- 
sorum L., Cartodere elegans Aube, C. filiformis Gyll., Corticaria ser- 
rata Payk., Corticarina fuscula Gyll., Enicmus minutus L., Melo- 
lontha melolontha L., Monotonia bicolor Vill., Typhaea ster- 
corea L., Tenebrioides mauritanicus L., Euplectus karsteni var. 
falsus Bedel., E. sanguineus Denny, E. signatus Reichb., Pteni- 
dium pusillum Gyll., Ptinus fur L., Aphodius granarius L., Copris 
lunaris L., Diastictus tibialis F., Pleurophorus caesus Creutz., Po- 
tosia cuprea F., Trox scaber L., Scydmaenus rufus Miill., Nemadus 
colonoides Kraatz, undetermined staphylinid, Alcochara bipustu- 
lata L., Atheta sp., A. inquinula Grav., A. parvula M.a.nnh., Edaphus 
blilhweissi Scheerp., Falagria splendens Kr., Leptacinus batychrus 
Gyll., Microglotta marginalis Grav., Oxypoda nigrocincta Muls., 
O. opaca Grav., Oxytelus complanatus Er., O. fulvipes Er., O. niti- 
dulus Grav., O. tetracarinatus Block (sic), Philonthus appendicu- 
latus Shp., P. atratus Grav., P. concinnus Grav., P. fuscus Grav., 
P. lepidus var. gilvipes Er., P. sordidus Grav., Phyllodrepa floralis 
Payk., Stilicus erichsoni Fauv., Trogophloeus corticinus Grav., 
T. obesus Kiesw., T. pusillus Grav., Xantholinus glaber Nordm., 
Tenebrio molitor L., Acritus nigricornis Hoffm., Acrotrichis brevi- 
pennis Er., A. grandicollis Mannh., A. intermedia Gillm., A. sericans 
Heer, Aderus populneus Panz., Aglenus brunneus Gyll., Anthicus 
floralis L., Bibloplectus minutissimus Aube, Bibloporus bicolor 



365 

Denny, Syncalypta spinosa Rossi, Chalcoides plutus Lati\, Opetio- 
palpus scutellaris Panz., Gymnetron rostellus var. stimulosum 
Germ., Holoparamecus caularum Aube, Epithrix pubescens Koch; 
(Ciconia ciconia L.). 
Szelenyi, 1944: Spalangia sub punctata Foist., Trichopria sp., Amblya- 
spis sp., Tetrastichus longiscapus Thorns., Cono?norium eremita 
Forst., Laelius sp.: (Ciconia ciconia). 

Family PLATALEIDAE 
Platalea leucorodia Linnaeus 

Falcoz, 1926: Ornithoponus massonnati (sic) Falcoz. 
Seguy, 1936: Lynchia palustris (Lutz, Neiva &Linia). 



Order BUCEROTIFORMES 

Family BUCEROTIDAE 
Undetermined 

Chisholm, 1952: Insects: (African hornbill) . 

Aceros sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornitfioica unicolor. 

Buceros sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica unicolor. 

Bycanistes brevis Friedmann 

Britton, 1940: Chilocoris laevicollis Horvath, Oecornis nidicola Britton, 
?subtribe Elaterina, larvae of species of or near Alphitobius, larvae 
of Coleophoridae, nymphs of a species of or near Trichomera, 
acal>pterate larvae; {Bycanistes cristatus Riipp.). 

Hindwood, 195 1: Lepidoptera, other insects; (silvery-cheeked hornbill 

in Africa) . 
— , 195 la: Insects, moths; (silvery-cheeked hornbill). 

Moreau, 1942: Lepidopterous larvae, undetermined insects; {Bycani- 
stes cristatus (Riipp.)). 

Paulian, 1950: Oecornis nidicola; {Bycanistes cristatus Riipp.). 

Bycanistes cylindricus albotibialis (Cabanis and Reichenow) 
Britton, 1940: Wingless cockroaches, larvae of ?tineid lepidoptera; 

{Bycanistes albotibialis Cab. & Reichw.). 
Moreau, 1937: Wingless roaches, ?tineid larvae; (Bycanistes albotibi- 
alis) . 

Ceratogymna sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia sp. 



366 

Penelopides sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica unicolor. 

Tockus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Oriiithoica turdi. 

Order CAPRIMULGIFORMES 

Family GAPRIMULGIDAE 
Caprimulgus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia brunnca, P. rufipes. 

Chordeiles sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia hrunnea. 

Hydropsalis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia brunnea. 

Macrodipteryx sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia rufipes. 

Nyctidromus sp, 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia brunnca. 

Phalaenoptilus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia brunnea. 

Scotornis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia rufipes. 

Semeiophorus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia rufipes. 

Family PODARGIDAE 
Podargus strigoides (Latham) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia perfuga; (Podargus strigoides). 



Order CHARADRIIFORMES 

Family ALGIDAE 
Undetermined 

Baer, 1951 : Rabbit flea; (auklet from Coronados Isles in Gulf of Cali- 
fornia, puffin from west coast of Britain) . 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Atomaria atricapilla Steph., Catops watsoni Spence, Si- 
palia circellaris Grav. ; (puffin). 



367 

Jeannel, 1934: Sciodrepoidcs watsoni Spence; (puffin). 

Jordan, 1943: Spilopsyllus cuniculi, Ornithopsylla laetitiae ; (puffin). 

Joy. 1909: Choleva watsoni Spence, Bradyccllus verbasci Duft., Ptero- 

stichus niger Schall, Amara trivialis Gyl., Homalota circellaris Grav., 

Atomaria atricapilla Steph. ; (puffin). 
Leruth, 1935: Sipalia circellaris Grav.; (puffin). 

— , iQ'^g: Sipalia circellaris Grav.; (puffin). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Spilopsyllus cuniculi (Dale) ; (puffin). 

Walker, 1938: Notiophilus biguttatus Fab., Nebria iberica Oliv., Amara 
aulica Panz., Calathus melanocephalus var. nubigena Hal., Trechus 
obtusus Er., Patrobus septentrionis Dej., Megasternum boletopha- 
gum, Tachinus rufipes DeGeer, Lesteva sharpi Rye, Choleva wat- 
soni Spence, Otiorrhynchus arcticus OL, O. dubius Stroem., Nebria 
gyllenhali Schon., Loricera pilicornis Fab. ; (puffin) . 

Fratercula arctica (Linnaeus) 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Fratercula arctica). 
Hopkins and Rothschild, 1953: Ornithopsylla laetitiae Roths.; (Frater- 
cula arctica). 
Jordan, 1925: Ornithopsylla laetitiae; {Fraticula (sic) arctica). 
Joy, 1909: Ornithopsylla laetitiae Roths.; (Fratercula arctica). 

— , I go9a : T^roA: J^ca6^r L., undetermined coleoptera; (puffin). 
O'Mahony, 1939: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; {?Fratercula a. grabae 

(Brehm)). Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.; {Frater- 
cula a. grabae (Brehm) ). 
■ — ■ , 1941a: Ornithopsylla laetitiae Roths., Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale; 
[Fratercula a. grabae Brehm). 

— , 1949a: Trox 5<:afe^r L.; (puffin). 

Richards, 1930: Leptoccra (Limosina) minutissirna Zett.; {Fratercula 
arctica L.). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., C. va- 
gabunda Bohem., Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale) ; {Fra- 
tercula arctica (L.)). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. gallinae 
(Schr.), C. garei Roths., C. vagabunda Bohem., Ornithopsylla laeti- 
tiae Koihs.; (puffin). 

Rothschild, 1908: Ornithopsylla laetitiae; (Fratercula arctica). 

— , igi^a.: Ornithopsylla laetitiae Koihs.; (puffin). 
Russell, 1913: Ceratophyllus vagabundus Bohem.; (puffin). 
Smart, 1948: Ornithopsylla laetitiae Roths.; (puffin). 
Sokolowski, 1942: Catops morio F.; {Fratercula arctica L.). 
Thompson, 1937b: Ceratophyllus vagabundus insularis Roths.; Tijiea 

pellionella; {Fratercula arctica grabae (Brehm) ). 

— , 1954a: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; {Fratercula artica (sic) 
grabae (Brehm) ). 

Turk, 1946: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; {Fratercula arctica (Br.)). 
West, 1928 — 1937: Catops juliginosus Er.; (Mormon arcticus). 



368 

Ptychoramphus aleuticus (Pallas) 

Ewing and Fox, 1943: Actenopsylla suavis J. & R.; (Ptychoramphus 
aleuticus). 

Hopkins and Rothschild, 1953: Actenopsylla suavis J. & R. ; (Ptychor- 
hamphus (sic) aleuticus). 

Hubbard, 1947: Actenopsylla suavis J. & R. ; {Ptychorhamphus (sic) 
aleuticus (Pallas)). 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Actenopsylla suavis J. & R. ; (Ptychoramphus 
aleuticus). 

Jordan, ig2^: Actenopsylla sp.; {Ptychorhamphus (sic) aleuticus). 
— , ig^^2: Actenopsylla suavis; {Ptychorhamphus (sic) aleuticus). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1923c: Actenopsylla suavis J. & R.; {Ptychor- 
hamphus (sic) aleuticus). 

Family GHARADRIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 
Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fringillina; (Charadrii- 
dae). 

Charadrius sp. 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; 

(golden plover). 
Parmenter, 1951: Ornithomyia lagopodis; (?golden plover). 
Thompson, 1954: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; (golden plover). 

Charadrius alexandrinus Linnaeus 
Eichler, 1953: Actornithophilus sp.; (Seeregenpfeifer (Charadrius alex- 
andrinus) ) . 

Charadrius apricarius Linnaeus 

Wagner, 1937: Ceratophyllus garei islandicus Wagner; (Charadrius 
apricarius). 
■ — • , 1938: Ceratophyllus garei islandicus Wagner; (Charadrius apri- 
carius). 

Charadrius hiaticula Linnaeus 
Eichler, 1944: Actornithophilus sp.; (Charadrius hiaticula). 

— ■ , ig^"^: Actornithophilus laveni Eichler; (Sandregenpfeifer). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 

Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; {Aegialtis (sic) hiati- 
cola (sic) ). 

Vanellus sp. 

Shipley, 191 1: Ceratophyllus garei Kot\\%c\\\\d; (Vanellus). 

Vanellus vanellus (Linnaeus) 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; 
(peewit). 



369 

Eichler^ 1936c: Mallophaga; (schottischen Kiebitzei). 

— , 1944: Actornithophilus sp. (probably A. ochraceus Nitzsch), Au- 
stromenopon lutescens; (Vanellus vanellus). 

— ■ , 1953: Actornithophilus ochraceus Nitzsch, Austromenopon {lu- 
tescens Nitzsch?) ; {Vanellus vanellus L.). 
Evans, 1906: Ceratophyllus garei Booths. 

— , 1912: Menopon lutescens Nitzsch. 

Leslie and Shipley, 1912: Ceratophyllus gareiKoths.; (lapwing). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., Dasypsyllus gallinulae 

gallinulae (Dale). 
Shipley, 1909: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Vanellus vanellus). 
Thompson, 1936: Menopon lutescens Nitzsch. 

— , i^9,Qc: Menopon lutescens Nitzsch. 

— , i^^^: Ornithoniyia lagopodis ?ih7\XY>; (peewit). 

Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale, C. garei Roths.; (]^a- 
nellus vulgaris). 

Family HAEMATOPODIDAE 
Haematopus ostralegus Linnaeus 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; 

(oystercatcher) . 
Thompson, 1954: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; (oystercatcher). 

Family LARIDAE 

Undetermined 

Baer, 1951: Flea; (gull). 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (gull). 

Fowler, and Donisthorpe, 1913: Scydmaenus barnevillei Reitter; (gull). 

Ihssen, 1935: Atheta hodierna Sharp, A. (Dimetrota) episcopalis 

Bernh.; (Moven). 
Jordan, 1932: Mioctenopsylla arctica Roths.; (gull). 
Joy, 1909a: Choleva watsoni Spence, Omosita colon L., Sunius lyones- 

sius Joy, Scydmaenus barnevillei Reitt., undetermined coleoptera: 

(gull). 
Schneider, 1898: Pseudopelta dispar Hbst.; (Moven). 

Anoiis stolidus (Linnaeus) 

Eichler, 1953: Actornithophilus milleri (Kellogg & Kuwana) ; {Anous 

(sic) stolidus L.). 
Falcoz, 1926: Olfersia spinif era Lea.ch; {Anous (sic) stolidus h.) . 
Hinton, 1945: Dermestes lardarius L. ; (noddy tern). 
Seguy, 1936: Lynchia spinifera (Leach); {Arious (sic) stolidus L.). 
Thompson, 1936: Actornithophilus milleri (Kell. & Kuw.) ; {A710US 

(sic) stolidus stolidus (Linn.)). 
Waterston, 1923: Colpocephalum milleri Kell. & Kuw., Pectinopygus 

sulae Kud.; {Anous (sic) stolidus). 



370 

Chlidonias nigra surinamensis (Gmelin) 
Hicks, 1953: Enochrus sp.. Enochrus (Methydrus) sp., Eulalia virgo 
( Wiedemann ) . 

Larus sp. 

Holland, 1951: Ceratophyllus lari Holland; (either Larus californicus 

Lawrence or Larus argentatus smithsonianus Coues). 
Remy, 1930: Collembola. 
Rothschild, 19 15: Ceratophyllus gar ei Koths. 
Smit, 1946: Ceratophyllus sp. 
Waterston, 19 14: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 

Larus argentatus Pontoppidan 

Allan, 1950: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.; (Larus argenta- 
tus). 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem.; (herring gull). 

Carrick, 1939: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths. 

Hubbard, 1947: Ceratophyllus riiger niger C. Fox; (Larus argentatus). 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Ceratophyllus niger Fox; (Larus argentatus). 

Jellison and Kohls, 1939: Ceratophyllus niger Fox; (Larus argentatus). 

O'Mahony, 1939a: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.; {Larus 
argentatus argentatus Pont.). 

— , 1 g'^gh : Xantholinus punctulatus Fa.yk.; (herring gull). 

— , 1941a: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.; {Larus argen- 
tatus argentatus Pont.). 

— , 1948: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.; (herring gull). 
Philip, 1938: Ceratophyllus niger Fox; {Larus argentatus smithsoni- 
anus Coues). 

Rothschild, 1948: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.. C. garei Roths. 

— , 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis; (herring 
gull). Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem.; (Larus argentatus). 

Rothschild, 19 15: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boh.; (Larus argentatus). 

Seguy, 1944: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 

Thompson, 1954a: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; {Larus argentatus 
argentatus Pontpd.). 

Turk, 1946: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 

Waterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus insularis Roths.; (Larus argentatus). 

— , 1910a: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.. C. insularis Roths., C. borealis 
Roths.; (Larus argentatus). 

— • , 1 9 14: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; (Larus argentatus). 

— , 1922: Ceratophyllus vagabundus Bohem.; (Larus argentatus). 

Larus belcheri Vigors 
Bequaert, 1933: Olfersia fossulata Macquart. 



371 

Larus canus Linnaeus 
Nordberg, 1936: Ochtebius (sic) marinus Payk.. Anurophorus laricis 

Nic, Isotoma viridis riparia Nic, Onychiurus jirnentariiis (sic) L., 

O. furcifer Born, Xenylla maritima Tullb. 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 
Waterston, 1914: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Larus canus). 

Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein 
Jordan. 1942: Notiopsylla kerguelensis: (Larus dominicus). 

Larus fuscus Linnaeus 

Nordberg. 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; ( Larus fuscus). 

— , 1936: Ochtebius (sic) marinus Payk., Ceratophyllus gallinae 
(Schr.), Anurophorus laricis Nic, Entomobrya corticalis Nic, E. 
nivalis L., Orchesella bifasciata Nic, Xenylla maritima Tullb. 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 

Waterston. 1914: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Larus fuscus). 

Larus hyperboreus Gunnerus 
Holland, 1951: Ceratophyllus vagabundus vagabundus (Bohem.). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem. 

Wagner, 1929: Ceratophyllus vagabundus orientalis Wagner; (Larus 
glaucus). 

— , 1 931: Ceratophyllus vagabunda orientalis Wagner; (Larus 
glaucus). 

Larus marinus Linnaeus 
O'Mahony. 1939: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; {Larus marinus L. or 

Fratercula a. grabae (Brehm) ). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koihs. 

Larus ridibundus Linnaeus 
Rothschild. 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 

Rissa sp. 

Holland and Jellison. 1952: Mioctenopsylla traubi Holl. & Jell. 

Rissa brevirostris (Bruch) 
Holland and Jellison, 1952: Mioctenopsylla arctica arctica Roths., M. a. 
hadweni (Ewing) ; (Rissa brevirostris (?) (Bruch)). 

Rissa tridactyla (Linnaeus) 
Bagnall. 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem.; (kittiwake). 
Carrick, 1939: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths., C. gallinae 

(Schr.) ; (Rissa tridactyla tridactyla L.) . 
Elton. 1925: Collembola. flies: (kittiwake). 



372 

Henriksen, 1939: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boh., Mioctenopsylla arctica 
Roths. ; ( kittiwake ) . 

Holland and Jellison, 1952: Mioctenopsylla arctica Roths.; [Rissa tri- 
dactyla ssp.). Mioctenopsylla arctica arctica Roths., M. a. hadweni 
(Ewing) ; [Rissa tridactyla pollicar is (?) Ridgway). 

Hubbard, 1947: Mioctenopsylla arctica Roths.; (Rissa tridactyla) . 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Mioctenopsylla arctica Roths.; (Rissa tridac- 
tyla) . 

Jordan, 1932: Mioctenopsylla arctica Roths.; (Rissa tridactyla) . 

Kemner, 1938: Mioctenopsylla arctica Roths., Ceratophyllus vagabunda 
Boh.; (Rissa tridactyla). 

O'Mahony, 1941a: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.; (Rissa 
t. tridactyla L.). 
— , 1948: Ceratophyllus vagabujida insularis Roths.; (kittiwake). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; [Rissa tridactyla tri- 
dactyla L.). Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. vagabunda Bohem. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem., C. v. insu- 
laris; (kittiwake). 

Rothschild, 19 15: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem.; (Rissa tridactyla). 
— • , 1922: Mioctenopsylla arctica Roths.; (Rissa tridactyla). 

Seguy, 1944: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 

Sterna hirundo Linnaeus 
Nordberg, 1936: Anurophorus laricis Nic, Entomobrya nivalis L.. Fol- 
somia ^-oculata Tullb., Xenylla maritima Tullb. 

Sterna macrura Naumann 
Nordberg, 1936: Ochtebius (sic) rnarinus Payk., Anurophorus laricis 

Nic, Entomobrya nivalis L., Isotoma viridis riparia Nic, Lepido- 

cyrtus cyaneus Tullb., Pogonognathus plumbeus Lubb., Xenylla 

maritima Tullb. 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gar ei Roths. 
Thompson, 1954a: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 
Waterston, 1914: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. garei Roths.; (Sterna 

macrura). 



Family SGOLOPACIDAE 
Undetermined 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithornyia lagopodis Sharp: 

(snipe). 
Thompson, 1954: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; (snipe). 

Calidris alpina (Linnaeus) 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 
Waterston, 1914: Ceratophyllus garei Roths,.; (Tringa alpina). 



373 

Gallinago gallinago (Linnaeus) 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; {Capella gallinago (L.)). 
Waterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; {Gallinago coelestis). 

— , 1910a: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Gallinago coelestis). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L. ; (Gallinago gallinago). 

Numenius sp. 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; 

(curlew). 
Parmenter, 1951: Ornithomyia lagopodis; (?curlew). 
Thompson, 1954: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; (curlew). 

Scolopax rusticola Linnaeus 

Rothschild, 1952: Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale); (woodcock). 

Waterston, 1909: Ceratophyllus newsteadi Roths.; (Scolopax rusticola). 

Tringa sp. 

Rothschild and Clay. 1952: Ceratophyllus gareiKoths.; (redshank). 

Tringa hypoleucos Linnaeus 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia jr in gillina Curtis. 
Seguy, 1932a: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis. 

Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L., O. jringillina Curtis; (Tringa 
hypoleucos). 

Tringa totanus (Linnaeus) 
Eichler, 1953: Actornithophilus totani; (Tringa totanus). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 
Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Totanus calidris) . 

Family STERGORARIIDAE 

Stercorarius parasiticus (Linnaeus) 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp: 

(Arctic skua). 
Parmenter, 195 1: Ornithomyia lagopodis; (?Arctic skua). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Arctic skua). 

Order COLUMBIFORMES 

Family COLUMBIDAE 
Undetermined 

Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951: Triatoma guasayana Wygodzinsky and 

Abalos; (pigeon-cotes). 
Adie, 1915: Lynchia maura Bigot; (ambala (Indian pigeon) ) 



374 

Alcock, 191 1 : Cimex columharius Jenyns; (pigeon houses) . 

Ansari, 1949: Dermestes bicolor Fab., D. lardarius L.; (pigeon lof ts 1 . 

Aragao, 1908: Lynchia brunea (sic) oder lividicolor (Oliv.) ; (pigeon 

houses). 
Aschner, 1931: Lynchia maura Bigot; (pigeon). 

Awati, 1921: Conorhinus rubrojasciatus (De Geer) ; (pigeon in Assam). 
Back and Bishopp, 1942: Bedbugs; (pigeon houses). 
Badonnel, 1943: Psoques; (colombiers) . 
Baer, 1951: Lynchia sp.; (pigeon). 
Barber, i^\/\.: Dermestes elongatus heconie; (pigeon). 
Barger and Card, 1949: Pseudolynchia canariensis; (pigeon). 
Barre, 1929: Lynchia maura Bigot; (pigeon). 
Baudet, 1929: Cimex columbarius Jenyns (Acanthia columbaria), Ce- 

ratophyllus columbae Walckener & Gervais, Tenebrio molitor L.. 

Silpha opaca L.; (Taubenschlagen) . Cimex columbarius Jenyns 

(Acanthia columbaria) ; (Tauben). 
Bedford, 1924: Lynchia rnaum Bigot; (pigeon). 
Bequaert, 1926: Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot) ; (pigeon). 

— , 1941: Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) =: Lynchia maura (Bi- 
got) = Olfersia maura Bigot = Lynchia lividicolor Bigot; (pi- 
geon). 

— , 1952: Ornithoctona plicata (v. Olfers) ; (pigeon). 

— , 1953a: Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) =1 Lynchia maura 
(Bigot) = Olfersia maura Bigot 1= Lyyichia lividicolor Bigot; 
(pigeon). 

— , 1953b: Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) = Lynchia maura (Bi- 
got) = Olfersia maura Bigot =^ Lynchia lividicolor Bigot; (pigeon). 
Stilbometopa julvifrons; (Columbidae) . 

Bergsoe, 1915: Acanthia lectularia; (dove-cote). 

Bezzi, 1896: Acanthia spp.; (pigeon). 

Bickhardt, 1907: Potosia speciosissiryia Scop., Trox Haroldi Flach; 

(Wildtauben). Aleochara villosa Mannh., Atheta picipes Thorns.. 

A. occulta Er., A. celata Er., Creophilus rnaxillosus L., Philonthus 

cephalotes Grav., P. sordidus Grav., Omalium florale Payk. ; (Tau- 

benschlage). 

— , 1907a: Phyllodrepa floralis Payk., Philonthus cephalotes Grav., 
P. sordidus Grav., Creophilus rnaxillosus L., Atheta oculta (sic) Er., 
A. picipes Thorns., A. celata Er., Aleochara villosa Mannh., Derme- 
stes bicolor F.; (Taubenschlage). Trox Perrisi Fairm., T. Haroldi 
Flach, T. nidicola Bonn., Potosia aeruginosa Drury, P. speciosissima 
Scop.; (Wildtaube). 

— , 1907b: Potosia speciosissima Scop., Trox Haroldi Flach; (Wild- 
taube ) . 

— , 191 1 : Cryptophagus dentatus Hbst., Hister carbonarius Illig., Po- 
tosia aeruginosa Drury, Trox perrisi Fairm. {haroldi Flach), 
Atheta fungi Grav., A. fungi orbata Er., Omalium caesum Grav.. 
Xylodromus concinnus Marsh., X. testaceus Er. ; (Taube). Derme- 



375 

stes bicolor F., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Tenebroides (sic) maure- 

tanicus (sic) L., Ptinus fur L., Aleochara cuniculorum Kr., A. 

sparsa Heer, A. villosa Mann., Atheta celata Th., A. occulta Er., A. 

picipes Thorns., Creophilus maxillosus L., Microglossa marginalis 

Grav., Philonthus cephalotes Grav., P. sordidus Grav., Phyllodrepa 

floralis Payk., Tenebrio molitor L., Ayiitys rubens Hoffm.; (Tau- 

benschlage). 
- — , 1 916: Hister (Paralister) carbonarius III., H. (Atholus) corvinus 

Germ.; (Taubenschlage) . 
Biester and DeVries, 1943: Cimex lectularius, Dermestes lardarius; 

(pigeon lofts). Pseudolynchia canariensis; (domestic pigeon). 
Biester and Schwarte, 1952: Cimex lectularius, Dermestes lardarius, 

Pseudolynchia canariensis; (pigeon). 
Bishopp, 1929: Pseudolynchia maura Bigot; (domestic pigeon). 

— , 1929a: Pseudolynchia maura; (pigeon). 
— ■ , 1929b: Pigeon fly; (pigeon nests). 

— , ig^2: Pseudolynchia canariensis; (pigeon). 
Blanchard, 1890: Dermestes lardarius L.; (pigeon-cotes). 
Brent, 187 1 : Fleas; (pigeon). 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 
1952: Hojmannophila pseudospretella, Endrosis lactella, Tinaea 
(sic) pellionella, T. columbariella, Anthrenus verbasci, Attagenus 
pellio, Dermestes lardarius, Tenebrio molitor, Ptinus tectus, P. fur, 
Stegobium paniceum, Lepisma saccharina, Fannia canicularis, Me- 
tacoelus mansuetor, Apanteles carpatus, Scenopinus fenestralis, 
Lyctocoris campestris; (pigeon). 

Brumpt, 1949: Cimex columbarius (Jenyns), Triatoma rubrofasciata 
(DeGeer) ; (dove-cotes). 

Butler, 1896: Bedbugs; (pigeon-cotes). 

— , 1923: Cimex columbarius Jenyns, Lyctocoris campestris F.; (pi- 
geon-cots ) . 

Calwer, 1869: Aleochara villosa Mannerh.; (Taube). 

Castellarnau, de, 1950: Cimex columbarius; (doves, pigeon-cotes). 

Chandler, 1949: Cimex columbarius, bedbugs; (pigeon house). 

Chatton and Blanc, 19 18: Cimex columbarius Jenyns; (colombiers). 

Coatney, 1931 : Pseudolynchia maura Bigot; (domestic pigeon). 

Cornelius, 1869: Homalota sp., Aleochara villosa Mannerh., Saprinus 
rotundatus, Cyrtoneura caesia Meig., Homalomyia canicularis: (pi- 
geon ) . 

Cummings, 1918: Cimex columbarius Jenyns; (pigeon-cotes). 

Cuvier, ?i8i6: Pulex irritans L.; (pigeons). 

Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus columbae, Steph.; (pigeon). 

— , iQ^o: Cer at ophyllus columbae Y^diXkev; (pigeon). 
Dampf, 1908: C er at ophyllus columbae (Gerv.) ; (Taubenschlage). 

— , igoSzi: Ceratophyllus columbae (Gerv.); (Taubenschlage). 

• — , 1926: Ceratophyllus columbae (Walck. & Gerv.), C. garei Roths.: 
(pigeon). 



376 

Denny, 1842: Cime x columbarius ]enyns; (dove-cotes). 

de Sequeira, 1944: Ceratophyllus columbae, Cimex columbarius, Pseu- 
dolynchia rtiaura, Tenebrio molitor; (pombos). 

Des Gozis, 1886: Dendrophilus punctatus F.; (pigeon cotes). 

Dobner, 1862: Dermestes sp.; (Taubenschlagen). Acanthia lectularia 
F.; (Taubenstallen). 

Donisthorpe, 1947: Ptinus tectus Boied., Atheta harwoodi Willms., 
Borkhausenia {— Hofmannophila) pseudospretella Staint. ; (pi- 
geon). 

Douglas, 1867: Cimex columbarius; (pigeon-houses). 

— , 1871: Homalota sp., Aleochara villosa Mannerh., Saprinus rotun- 
datus, Cyrtoneura caesia Meig., Homalomyia canalicularis Meig., 
Acanthia columbaria Jenyns; (pigeon). 

— , iQ^']: Acanthia lectularia; (pigeon houses). 
— ■ , 1897a: ^cfl?ii/n"a sp.; (pigeon). 

Drenski, 1928: Cimex columbarius l-,.; (pigeon). 

Dubois, 1886 — 1888: Cimex columbarius Jenynson (sic); (colombiers). 

du Buysson, 1923a: Cimex columbarius Jen. ; (pigeonniers). 

Eichler, 1935: Cimex columbarius; (Taubenschlage). 

— , iQ-^y: Cimex columbarius Jen.; (Taubenschlage). 

— , 1937a: Sitodrepa panicea, Dermestes lardarius L., Ptinus fur L., 
Tenebrio molitor L.; (Taube). Tinea fuscipunctella: (Tauben- 
schlage). 

Erichson. 1858: Aleochara villosa Mannerh.; (Tauben). 
Escherich, 1923: Dermestes lardarius L., D. bicolor; (pigeon lofts). 
Essig, 1942: Cimex columbarius Jenyns, Lyctocoris campestris F.; (pi- 
geon cote). 
Everts, 1903: Xylodromus concinnus Marsh.; (dove cotes). 

— , 1922: Cryptophagus fumatus Marsh., C. hirtulus Kr., C. saginatus 
Sturm, Dermestes bicolor ¥., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., G. 
rotundatus Kug., Hister carbonarius Illig., H. corvinus Germ., H. 
merdarius Hoffm., Ptinus bicinctus St., Aleochara cuniculorum Kr., 
A. succicola Th., A. villosa Mann., Microglossa marginalis Gyll., 
Xylodromus testaceus Er. ; (duif). 

Eysell, 1924: Cimex peristerae Koths.; (Taubenschlage). 

Falcoz, 1914: Cryptophagus dentatus Hbst., Dermestes bicolor F., D. 
murinus L., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus rotundatus 
Kug., Hister carbonarius Illig., H. merdarius Hoffm., Ptinus fur L., 
Trox perrisi Fairm., Aleochara cuniculorum Kr., A. sparsa Olcer, 
A. villosa Mann., Atheta celata Er., Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Grav., 
Atheta nigricornis Thorns., A. occulta Er., A. picipes Thorns., Creo- 
philus maxillosus L., Microglossa marginalis Grav., Omalium allardi 
Fairm., O. caesum Grav., Philonthus cephalotes Grav., P. fuscus 
Grav., P. sordidus Grav., Phyllodrepa floralis Payk., Xylodromus 
concinnus Marsh., X. testaceus Er., Tenebrioides mauritanicus L.; 
(pigeon). 

— , 1926: L)^??<:/n'a maw ?a Bigot; (pigeon). 



377 

Fauvel, 1875: Heterothops praevia Er. ; (colombies). 
Ferris, 1930: Microlynchia pusilla (Speiserj ; (pigeon lofts). 
Fiebiger, 1947: Cimex columharius ]enyn?,; (Taubenstallen). 
Finkenbrink, 1934: Tenehrio molitor h.; (Taubenschlage). 
Fletcher and Sen, 1930: Pseudolynchia maura Bigot; (pigeon houses). 
Flor, i860: Acanthia lectularia L. ; (pigeon houses). 
Forbes, 1923: Tinea fuscipunctella Hawoith; (pigeon). 
Fowler, 1888: Homalium allardi Fairm.; (pigeon cotes). 

— , 1889: Attagenus pellio L.; (pigeon cotes). 

Frank and Sokolowski, 1931 : Dermestes bicolor ¥.; (Taubenschlage). 

Frickhinger, 1937: Bettwanzen; (wilder Tauben). 

Fung, 1930: Pigeon fly; ( pigeon j. 

Ganglbauer, 1904: Dermestes bicolor F.; (pigeon). 

Gedoelst, 191 1: Clinocoris columbarius; (pigeon). 

Gerhard, 1909: Microglossa marginalis Grav., Gnathoncus rotundatus 
Kug., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Aleochara villosa Mann., A. cun- 
iculorum Kr., Phyllodrepa floralis Payk., Dermestes bicolor F., 
Tenebrioides mauritanicus L., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Pti- 
nus fur L., Anitys rubens Hoffm.; ( Taubenschlage V Trox scaber 
L.; (Taube). 

Ghesquiere, 192 1 : Lynchia maura; (pigeonniers). 

— , I g2i a. : Lync ha (sic) maura; (pigeonniers). 
Gilbert, 1922: Ppigeon fly; (pigeon). 

Gil Collado, 1947: Pseudolynchia maura; (palomas). 

Girault, 1906: Bedbugs; (pigeon). 

Glover, 1876: Acanthia columbaria Jenyns; (pigeon houses). 

Godan, 1952: Wanzen; (Taubenstallen). 

Gonder, 19 15: Lynchia olfersia capensis; (pigeon cotes). 

— , I g\ ^3.: Lynchia olfersia capensis; (pigeon cotes). 
Gorham, 1886: Gnathoncus sp.; (pigeon). 

Greene, 1949: Pseudolynchia Canariensis; (pigeon). 

Gridelli, 1924: Quedius mesomelinus Marsh.; ( Colombo). 

Grzimek, 1944: Cimex columbaris (sic); (Taubenschlage). 

Guide, 192 1 : Cimex lectularius L.; (Taubenschlage, Taubennestern). 

— , 1941 : Cimicidae; (Taubenschlage). 
Hase, 1924: Fleas, cimicids; (Taube). 

— - , 1932: Triatoma rubrofasciata (de Geer) ; (Taube). 
• — , 1935: Cimex lectularius L.; (pigeon cotes). 

— , 1938: Anthrenus sp., Cimex lectularius L.. C. rotundatus Sign., 
tineid; (Taube). 

Hegner, Cort, and Root, 1923: Cimex columbarius; (pigeon). 
Heidenreich, 1906a: Aleochara villosa Mannh.; (Taubenschlage). 

— , igoQb: Aleochara villosa yidinnh..; (Taubenschlage). 

— ■ , 1907: Atheta picipes Thoms., A. occulta Er., A. celata Er. ; 
(Taubenschlage) . 

— , igoya.: Creophilus maxillosus h.; (Taubenschlage). 



378 

Heidenreich, 1907b: Philonthus sordidus Grav., P. cephalotes Grav. ; 
(Taubenschlage). 

— , 1907c: Xylodromus concinnus Marsh., Omalium jlorale Payk.; 
(Taubenschlage) . 

Heller, 1890: Dermestes bicolor F.; (Taube). 

Hennig, 1952: Omphrale fenestralis h.; (Taube). 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Aleochara villosa Mannh., Xylodromus concinnus 
Mrsh., Atheta parva Sahib., A. nigricornis Thorns., Phyllodrepa 
floralis Payk., P. nigra Grav., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., 
Cryptophagus saginatus St., C. hirtulus Kr., Enicmus minutus L., 
Tenebrio molitor L., Ptinus fur L., P. bicinctus St., Anobium pani- 
ceurn L., Forficula rniyior L. ; (Taubenschlage). 

Hewitt, 191 2: Fannia canicularis L.; (pigeon). 

Heyden, von, 1876 — 1877: Dermestes bicolor F.; (Taubenschlage). 
Cetonia aeruginosa Drury = speciosissima Scop.; (Wildtauben). 
■ — , igo^: Potosia speciosissima Scop.; (Wildtauben). 

Hindle, 1914: Lynchia maura (Bigot) ; (pigeon houses). 

Hinton, 1943: Attagenus pellio L., Dermestes bicolor F., D. lardarius L.: 
(pigeon lofts). 

— , 1945: Heterothops praevius Er., Dermestes bicolor F., D. lardarius 
L., Attagenus pellio (L.) ; (pigeon). 

— , 1945a: Dendrophilus punctatus (Hbst.), Gnathoncus nannetensis 
(Mars.), G. nanus (Scriba), Hister merdarius Hoffm.; (pigeon). 

Hoffmann, 1913a: Bettwanzen; (Taube). 

Hofmanner, 1928: C ime x columbarius ^Qnyn?,; ( ?Taubenschlage) . 

Horvath, 1912: Cimex lectularius L.; (pigeon). 

- — ■ , 1 9 14: Cimex lectularius L., C. hemipterus F.; (pigeon). 
Howard and Marlatt, 1902: Cimicids; (pigeon cotes in England). 
Howe, 1955: Tipnus unicolor Pill, and Mitt.; (pigeon). 
Howe and Burges, 1952: Niptus hololeucus (Fald.), Trigonogenius glo- 
bulus Sol.; (pigeon). 

— , 1953: M^zmm a//m^ Boieldieu; (pigeon). 

Howell and Stiles, 1941: Stilbometopa podopostyla Speiser; (?aban- 

doned dove's nest). 
Hiieber, 1893: Cimex lectularius L.; (Taubenstallen). 
Huff, 1932: Pseudolynchia maura; (pigeon cage). 
Hutyra, Marek, and Manninger, 1946: Cimex columbarius, Ceratophyl- 

lus gallinae; (pigeon). Dermestes lardarius, Silpha obscura, Nec- 

rophorus (sic) vespillo, Tenebrio molitor; (dove cote). 
Hvass, 1954: Tenebrio molitor; (dove cote). 
Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus garei (Roths.), C. columbae (Walkenaer 

u. Gervais), C. gallinae (Schr.) ; (dove). 
Jeannel, 1909: Niptus hololeucus Fa.\d.; (pigeon). 
Johnson, 1939: Cimex columbarius Jen.; (pigeon houses) . 
Karsch, 1887: Dermestes bicolor ¥.; (pigeon). 
Kassianoff, 1937a: Cimex columbarius ]enyns; (pigeon). 
Kemper, 1928: Cimicids; (Taubenschlage). 

— , 1935: Cimicids; (Taube). 



379 

Kemper, 1936: Cimicids; (Taube). Ci?Jiex lectularius L. ; (Tauben- 
schlage ) . 
— ■ 5 1937: Cimicids; (Taube). 
Kemper, 1938a: Cimex columharius Jen.; Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. ; 
(Taubenschlage). Dermestcs lardarius L.; (Tauben). 

— , 1939: Dermestes lardarius, D. vulpinus, D. peruvianus, Attagejius 
pellio, A. piceus, Anthrenus scrophulariae, A. pirnpinellae, A. ver- 
basci, A. museorum: (Taubenschlage). 

— , ig'^ga.: Tenebrio rnolitor L.\ (Taubenschlage). 

Kolbe, 1905: Cimex lectularius, Necrophorus (sic) sp., Dermestes lar- 
darius, Tenebrio molitor, Dermestes bicolor; (Taubenschlage). 

— , 191 1 : Coleoptera; (Taube). Dermestes bicolor F. ; (Tauben- 
schlage ) . 

Kolenati, 1863: Trichopsylla? coliimbae Bouche; (Taube). Strebla 

avium Macquart; (dove). 
Korschefsky, 1944: Tenebrio molitor L.: (Taube). Dermestes bicolor F.; 

(Taubenschlage) . 
Kreyenberg, 1928: Dermestes sp., D. vulpinus; (Taubenschlage). 
Kunike, 1933: Tenebrio molitor L. ; (Taubenschlage). 

— , 1939: Anthrenus pirnpinellae, A. museorum, A. fuscus; (Tauben- 
schlage ) . 

Lagos and Canevari, 1936: Pseudolynchia maura Bigot; (pigeon). 

Lahaye, 193 1 : Cimex columbarius, C. inodorus; (pigeon). 

Lehnert, 1933: Ceratophyllus columbae Walk.; (Taube). Sitodrepa pani- 
cea L., Ptinus fur L., Tenebrio molitor L., tineid; (Taubenschlage). 

Leleup, 1947c: Phyllodrepa (s. str.) nigra Grav.; (pigeon). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Cryptophagus badius Strm., Hister carbonarius 
Hoffm., H. merdarius Hoffm., H. corvinus Germ., Microglossa mar- 
ginalis Grav., Aleochara cuniculorum Kr., A. villosa Mnnh., Tene- 
brioides mauritanicus L. ; (Taubenschlage). Potosia aeruginosa 
Drury ; ( Wildtauben ) . 

Lent, 1935: Triatoma rubrofasciata (De Geer) ; (pigeon). 

— , 1948: Rhodnius prolixus Stal; (pigeon cote). 

Leruth, 1935: Phyllodrepa floralis Payk., Omalium caesum Grav., Xylo- 
dromus concinnus Marsh., Atheta fungi Grav., A. nigricornis 
Thoms., Cryptophagus dentatus Hbst., Ptinus fur L., Niptus holo- 
leucus Fald. ; ( pigeon ) . 

— , 1939: Ptitius fur L., Omalium allardi Fairm., O. caesum Grav., 
Phyllodrepa floralis Payk., Xylodromus concinnus Marsh.; (pigeon). 

Levi, 1930: Pigeon fly; (pigeon). 
— • , 1930a: Pigeon fly; (pigeon). 

— , 1 941: Cimex lectularius, Lyctocoris campestris, Pseudolynchia 
canariensis, Ceratophyllus gallinae, Echidnophaga gallinaceus: (pi- 
geon). 

Linke, \go&: Atheta nigricornis Thorns.; (Taubenschlage). 

Linsley, 1944: Dermestes bicolor F., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., 

Tenebrio molitor L.; (pigeon). 
Loria, 1944: Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot) ; (pigeon cote). 
Liihmann. 1937: Tenebrio molitor, Dermestes sp. ; (Taubenschlage). 



38o 

Lutz, 1924: Insects; (Taubenschlage). 

Mallis, 1945: Cimex columbarius Jenyns; (pigeon). Dermestes lardarius 
L.; (pigeon loft). 

Martini, 1923: Dermestes lardarius, Lynchia maura: (Taubenschlage). 
Ceratophyllus columbae; (pigeon). 

Mason, 1888: Lyctocoris campestris F., Acanthia columbaria Jen.; (pi- 
geon cote). 

Massee, 1949: Bedbug; (pigeon cote). 

Massonat, 1909: Lynchia maura Big.; (domestic pigeon). 

Mazza, Basso, and Basso, 1936: Triatoma rubrofasciata; (paloma). 
Eutriatoma sordida; (palomar). 

— , 1938: Triatoma injestans: (palomar). 

Megnin, 1880: Cimex lectularia L.. Acanthia Icctularia F., Cimex co- 
lumbarius: (pigeonniers). 

Menegaux, 1932: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. fringillae Walk.; (dove 

cote). 
— ■ , 1939: Cimex columbarius; (colombiers) . 

Michalk, 1936 — 1937: Cimex lectularius L.: (Taubenschlage). Cimex 
columbarius ^en.; (pigeon). 

Moens, 1925: Cimex columbarius Jen.; (pigeon cote). Cimex lectularius 
L.; (pigeon). 

Muzik, 191 1 : Cimex columbarius ^tn.\ (pigeon). 

Neumann, 1941: Cimex columbarius Jen.. Lynchia maura (Bigot); 
(pigeonniers). Pulex avium O. Taschenberg; (colombiers). 

Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Cimex columbarius Jen., Dermestes lardarius L., 
Silpha thoracica F., Lynchia maura (Bigot) ; (pigeon cote). Cimex 
peristerae Roths., Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; (pigeon). 

— , 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae; (pigeonniers). 
Nordlinger, 1869: Cimex lectularius]^.; (Taubenstallen). 
Noll, 1888: Dermestes bicolor F.; (pigeon). 

Noller, 1919: Cimex columbarius Jen.; (Taubenschlage). 

OTarrell and Butler, 1948: Insects; (pigeon). 

Olivier, 1904: Ceratophyllus columbae Walck. & Gerv. ; (colombiers). 

— , iQO^: Ornithomyia aviculariaMeig.; (pigeon). 

O'Mahony, 1939b: Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh., Ptinus tectus Boield.; 
(pigeon). 

— • , 1940: Ceratophyllus columbae W. & G. ; (pigeon). 

— ■ , ig/\.oa.: Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.; (pigeon). 
O'Roke, 1932: Lynchia maura; (pigeon). 
Osborn, 1896: Cimicids; (European pigeon houses). 

— , igi^: Acanthia columbarius ]en.; (European dove cote). 
Packard, 1883: Cimex columbarius; (pigeon). 

Patton, 1926: Cimex columbarius; (pigeon). 
— • , 1 931: Triatoma rubrofasciata; (Ppigeon coops). Cimex sp., C. 
columbarius ; (pigeon). Dermestes lardarius; (pigeon lofts). 
Patton and Cragg, 1913: Cimex columbarius Jen.; (pigeon). 



38 1 

Paulian, 1943: Coleoptera; (pigeonniers) . 

Petry, Beer, and Hockemeyer, 1936: Tinea pellionella L., T. columbari- 
ella Wck.; (Taubenschlage) . 

Feus, 1936: Fleas; (Taube). 
— • , 1938: Ceratophyllus columbae (Walck. & Ger\\), C. gallinae 

(Schr.), C. garei Roths., Sarcopsylla penetrans; (Taube). 
— , 1938a: Ceratophyllus columbae Steph.; (Taubenschlage). 

Prouty and Coatney, 1934: Pseudolynchia maura Bigot; (nests and 
cotes of domestic pigeon ) . 

Railliet, 1895: Pulex avium O. Taschenb., Acanthia columbaria (Jen.), 
Dermestes lardarius: (pigeon cotes). 

Rapp, 1933: Atheta xanthopus Thorns.; (Taubenschlage). 

Reclaire, 1936: Cimex columbarius Jen., Lyctocoris campestris F.; 
(duiventil). 

Reichardt, 1941: Gnathoncus nanus (Scriba), G. nannetensis (Marseul) ; 
(dove cotes). 

Reinhardt, 1950: Cimex columbarius; (Taubenschlage). Dermestes lar- 
darius, Silpha opaca, Necrophorus (sic) vespillo, Tenebrio molitor; 
(pigeon). 

Reis, Nobrega, and Reis, 1936: Hectopsylla psittacci (sic), Pseudolyn- 
chia viaura Bigot; (pombos). 

Reuter, 1913: Cimex lectularius L.; (Taube V Cimex columbarius Jen., 
C. peristerae Roths.; (Taubenschlage). 

Riley and Johannsen, 1915: Cimex columbarius: (dove cotes). 
— ■ , 1932: Cimex columbarius; (pigeon). 

Roberts, 1945: Pseudolynchia canariensis Macq. {—P. maura Big.); 
(carrier pigeon) . 

Rosenhauer, 1882: Dermestes bicolor F.; (Taube). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Dermestes lardarius L., Camus hemapterus 
Nitzsch, Meoneura neottiophila Collin, Cimex columbarius (Je- 
nyns) ; (pigeon). 

Rothschild, 1912: Clinocoris peristerae Koths.; (pigeon house) . 

Roubal, 191 7: Coleoptera, Atheta nitidicollis Fairm.; (Taubenschlage). 

Riischkamp, 1920: Dermestes bicolor F.; (pigeon). 
— ■ , ig'^2a.: Gnathoticus nidicola Joy; (Taubenschlage). 

Rye, 1873: Cryptophagus cellaris Scop., C. saginatus Sturm, Niptus 
crenatus F., Ptinus fur L., Aleochara villosa Mann., Homalium 
florale Payk., Acanthia columbaria Jen.; (pigeon). 

Saunders, 1892: Cimex colurjibarius Jen.; (pigeon cote). 

Schaufuss, 1907: Trox har o Idi F\a.ch; (Taube). 

Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel., Der- 
mestes sp. ; (pigeon cote) . 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Dermestes bicolor ¥., Dendrophilus punctatus 
Hbst., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Hister merdarius Hoffm., 
Trox scaber L., Aleochara cuniculorum Kr., A. villosa Mann., Cra- 
tarea suturalis Mannh., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Phyllodrepa flora- 
lis Payk., Trox perrisi Fairm.; (Taube). 



382 

Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1952: Stilbometopa podopostyla Speiser, Micro- 

lynchia pusilla (Speiser); (Taube). 
Seddon, 1951 : Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) ; (pigeon loft). Echid- 
na phaga gallinacea (Westwood) ; (pigeon). 
Seguy, 192 1 : Omphrale fenestralis L.; (pigeon cote). 
— ■ , 1924: Cimex columharius Jen., Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. ; 

(pigeon cote). 
— • , ig'^2: Pseudolynchia 77iaura (Bigot); (colombier). 

— , 1933: Stomoxys calcitraris (L.), Fannia canicularis (L.) ; (pigeon- 
niers) . 

1936: Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot) ; (pigeon). 

1937: Omphrale fenestralis; (pigeon cote). 

1938a: Ceratophyllus columbae (Stephens) ; (colombins). 

1944: Cimex columbarius; (pigeon). 
Seidel, 1937: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., C. columbae Steph.; (Taube). 
Sergent, 1909: Lynchia maura Bigot; (pigeons d'Algerie). 
Sergent and Sergent, 1907: Lynchia maura Bigot; (cotes of Algerian 

pigeon). 
Shaw, 1806: Pulex irritans; (pigeon). 
Sick, 1940: Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Hister merdarius Hoffm.; 

(Taube). Gnathoncus pujictulatus Thorns.; (Taubenschlage). 
Snellen van Vollenhoven, 1878: Acanthia lectularia L. ; ( duiventoren ) . 
Speiser, 1903: Lynchia falcinelli Rnd.; (wild Sicilian pigeon). 

— , 1909: Bedbugs; (Taube). 
Staveley, 187 1: Cimicid; (pigeon house). 

Stefani Perez, de, 1900: Olfersia falcinelli Rd. ; (colombi). 

Stichel, 1938: Cimex columbarius ]en.; (pigeon cote). 

Surcouf and Gonzalez-Rincones, 191 2: Lynchia maura Bigot; (pigeon). 

Szekessy, 1950; Dermestes bicolor F. ; (Taube). 

Szidat, 1942: Vogelwanzen; (Taubenstallen) . 

Taschenberg, E., 1879: Dermestes bicolor F.; (Taube). 

— , 1880: Anthomyia (Homalomyia) canicularis!^.: (Taube). 

— , 1880a: Bettwanzen; (Taubenschlage). 

— , 1883: Dermestes bicolor, Acanthia sp. ; (Taubenschlage). 

— , 1892: Dermestes lardarius, D. bicolor, Tenebrio wo/zVor,- (Tauben- 
schlage ) . 

Taschenberg, O., 1880: Pulex avium Tasch.; (Taube). 

Theobald, 1892: Pulex hirundinis Sam, Curtis, and Walker; (pigeon). 

— , i8gy: Acanthia columbaria ]en.; (pigeon boxes). 
Theodorides, 1949: Necrophorus (sic) vestigator Her., Silpha 

(Oeceoptoma) thoracica Gang., Dermestes lardarius L.; (pigeon). 
Thomas, 1938: Lyctocoris campestris F.; (pigeon coops). 
Thompson, 1926: Cryptophagus badius Sturm; (pigeon cote). 
— ■ , 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fringillina: (Columbidae). 

— , 1938a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis; (Co- 
lumbidae). 

Traversi, 1949: Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.); (paloma). 



383 

Uhlmann, 1938: Diebskafer, Pelzkafer, Motten, Flechtlinge; (Taube). 

Vogel, 1932: Cimex lectularius L. ; (Taubenschlage) . 

Vorbrodt and Muller-Rutz, 1914: Tinea Pcoliimbariella Wck.: (Tauben- 
schlage). 

Walker, 1856: Pulex columbae Steph. ; (pigeon). 

Walsh and Riley, 1869: Acanthia lectularia L.; (European pigeon 
houses). 

Ward and Gallagher, 1920: Cimex (Acanthia) columbaria. Tenebrio 
molitor, Dermestes lardarius, Necrophorus (sic) sp.. Silpha sp.; 
(pigeon). 

Weidner, 1952: Tipnus unicolor Pill, and Mitt.; (pigeon). 

Wolffhugel, 1910: Ceratophyllus columbae (Walck. & Gerv.) ; (pigeon 
cote). 

Xambeu, 191 3: Heterothops praevius Erichson; (pigeon house). 

Zacher, 1924: Dermestes bicolor F.: (pigeon). Dermestes lardarius L.; 
(pigeon loft). 
— , 1927: Dermestes bicolor F. : (Taubenschlage). Tinea fuscipunc- 
tellaHw.; (Taubenstallen) . 

Zimmermann, 1919: Dermestes lardarius L. : (Taubenboden) . Dermes- 
tes bicolor; (Taubenschlage). 

Zumpt, 1928: Dermestes bicolor F., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Creo- 
philus maxillosus L., Potosia speciosissima Scop.; (Taubenschlage). 

Caloenas sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica pusilla. 

Chalcophaps sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata. 

Claravis sp. 

Bequaert. 1953b: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach). 



Columba sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach), Pseudolynchia 
canariensis (Macq.) ^ Lynchia maura (Bigot) ^ O If ersia maura 
Bigot = Lynchia lividicolor Bigot. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Calliphora erythrocephala (Meig. ), Sarcophaga bar- 
bata Thorns., Tephrochlamys tarsalis Zett., Fannia canicularis (L.), 
Helina uliginosa (Fall.), Scenopinus fenestralis (L.), Lyctocoris 
campestris (F.), Endrosis sarcitrella (L.), Hofmannophila pseudo- 
spretella (Staint.), Pyralis farinalis (L.), Mono pis crocicapitella 
(Clemens), M. rustic ella (Clerck), M. weaver ella (Scott), Tinea 
columbariella Wocke, T. fuscipunctella Haw., T. pallescentella 
Staint., T. pellionella (L.), Apanteles carpatus (Say), Metacoelus 
mansuetor (Grav.), Lepisma saccharina L., Reduvius personatus 



384 

(L.), Stegobium paniceum (L.), Ahasuersus (sic) advena (Waltl.), 
Anthrenus verhasci L., Attagenus pellio L., Dermestes lardarius 
L., Carcinops quattuordecimstriata (Steph.), Dendrophilus pu7ic- 
tatus (Hbst.), Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Hister merdarius 
Hoffm., Mezium affine Boield., Pseudeurostus hilleri (Reitt.), 
Ptinus fur (L.), P. pusillus Sturm, P. tectus Boied., Trigojio genius 
globulus Sol., Tenebrio molitor L. 
Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951: Apanteles carpatus Say, Tinaea (sic) 
columbariella Wocke, T. pellionella L. 

Golumba leucocephala Linnaeus 

Bequaert, 1954: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach); (Columba leu- 
cocephala). 

Golumba livia Gmelin 
Allan, 1950: Ceratophyllus columbae Walck. & Gerv. ; (Columba livia). 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus columbae Gerv.; (Columba livia). 
Baker, 1904: Ceratophyllus columbae (Walck. & Gerv.); (Columba 

livia) . 
Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Columba livia Gm. 

(^ domestica) ) . 

— , 1953a: Pteromalidae; (domestic pigeon). 

Dampf, 1908: Ceratophyllus columbae (Gerv.), C gallinae (Schr.) ; 

(Columba livia). 
Drake and Jones, 1930: Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot) ; (Columba livia). 
Eichler, 1938b: Ceratophyllus columbae (Wale. & Gerv.) ; {Columba 

livia, Haustaube) . 
Falcoz, 19 14: Atheta euryptera Steph., A. vestita Grav., Gnathoncus 

punctulatus Thorns., Omalium allardi Fairm.; (colombe biset). 

— , ig26: Ornithomyia aviculariah.; {Columba livia Briss.) . 
Hennig, 1937: Carjius hemapterus Nitzsch; (Haustaube). 

Herms, 1950: Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) {= Lynchia maura 
(Bigot) = Olfersia maura Bigot = Lynchia lividicolor Bigot) ; 
(domestic pigeon). 

Heselhaus, 1915: Anobium paniceum L., A. striatum Oliv., Crypto pha- 
gus hirtulus Kr., C. saginatus Sturm, Mecinus piraster Hbst., Gna- 
thoncus punctulatus Thoms., Enicmus minutus L., Ptinus bicinc- 
tus St., P. fur L., Aleochara villosa Mann., Atheta nigricornis 
Thoms., A. parva Sahib., Omalium allardi Fairm., Phyllodrepa 
floralis Payk., P. yiigra Grav., Tachyporus obtusus L., Xylodromus 
concinnus Marsham, Tenebrio molitor L., Ceratophyllus columbae 
(Walck. & Gerv.) ; {Columba domestica L.). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Ceratophyllus columbae Walck. & Gerv. ; 
(Columba livia). 

Joy, 1909: Homalota vestita Grav., H. euryptera Steph., Homalium 
allardi Fa.irm.; (rock-dove). 

Kemper, 1938: Fannia sp., Muscidenlarven, Ptinus fur, Tineola bisel- 



385 

liella (sic), Mottenlarven, Tenebrio molitor, Dermestes lardarius, 
Attagenus pellio, A. piceus, Lathridius sp., Lyctocoris campestris; 
(Haustaube). 

— , 1938a: Forficula auricularia L., Cimex lectularius L., Lyctocoris 
campestris F., Dermestes murinus L., D. bicolor F., Attagenus 
pellio L., A. piceus Ol., Teiiebrioides mauretanicus (sic) L., Crypto- 
phagus saginatus Strm., C. dentatus Hbst., Lathridius sp., Enicmus 
minutus L., Sitodrepa panicea L., Ptinus fur L., P. bicinctus Strm., 
Tenebrio molitor L., Tinea fuscipunctella Hw., T. pellionella L., 
Tineola biselliella (sic) Hiim., Fannia canicularis L., Fannia sp., 
Ceratophyllus columbae Steph. ; (Haustaube). 

Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; {Colurnba livia livia Gmelin). 

Leruth, 1939: Atheta euryptera Steph.; (biset commun). 

Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; {Columba livia Briss.). 

Ceratophyllus columbae Steph.; {Columba livia livia GmeUn). 
Monnig, 1938: Pseudolynchia viaura (Bigot) ; (Columba livia domes- 

tica) . 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus columbae Steph.; (Columba domestica) . 

— , 1936: Dermestes murinus L., Ptinus fur L., Aleochara sparsa 
Olcer, Bledius diota Schi., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Quedius molo- 
chinus Grav., Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, Fannia canicularis L., 
Ceratophyllus columbae Steph., C. gallinae (Schr.), Tinea fusci- 
punctella L., T. pellionella L., Lipeurus baculus N., Forficula 
auricularia L.; {Columba domestica L.). 

Olivier, 1904: Ceratophyllus columbaeW^diXck. & Gerv. ; {Columba livia). 

O'Mahony, 1939: Ceratophyllus columbae Walck. & Gerv. 

Ritsema, 1873: Trichopsylla? columbae Bouche; {Columba livia Gessn.). 

— , 1880: Pulex columbae Gerv.; {Columba livia Geoiir.) . 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., C. 

vagabunda Bohem., Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus columbae Wale. & Gerv.; {Co- 
lumba livia, C. domestica L.). 

Rothschild, 1900: Ceratophyllus columbae (Walck. & Gerv.) : (Columba 
livia) . 

— , 1915: Ceratophyllus columbae Gerv.; (Columba livia). 

Roubal, 1907: Cryptophagus dentatus Hbst., Dermestes bicolor F., D. 
murinus L., Hister carbonarius Illig., Aleochara sparsa Heer, A. 
villosa Mann., Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Grav., Omalium caesum 
Grav., Xylodromus concinnus Marsh., X. testaceus Er. ; (Columba 
domestica). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Omalium caesum Grav., Xylodromus testaceus Er., 
X. concinjius Marsh., Atheta fungi Grav., Aleochara sparsa Heer, 
A. villosa Mannh., Hister carbonarius 111., Cryptophagus dentatus 
H., Dermestes murinus L., D. bicolor F., Bessobia occulta Er. ; 
(Columba domestica). 

Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; {Columba livia Briss.). 

— , 1938a: Ceratophyllus columbae (Steph.); (pigeon biset) . 



386 

Seidel, 1937: Ceratophyllus columbae Steph. ; {Columha livia L.). 

Szekessy, 1948: Anthrenus pimpinellae F., Attagenus piceus Ol., Der- 
mestes bicolor F., D. lardarius L., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., 
Cartodere filiformis Gyll., Tenehrioides mauritanicus L., Ptinus fur 
L., Adonia bipunctata L., undetermined diptera, therevid, Cerato- 
phyllus sp., Anthocoris flavipes Reut., reduviid, Cephalonomia nidi- 
cola Szelenyi; {Columba domestica L.). 

— , 1950: Cryptophagus badius Sturm, Anthrenus pimpinellae ¥., 
Attagenus piceus Ol., Dermestes lardarius L., Gnathoncus punctu- 
latus Thoms., Hister corvinus Germ., Cartodere filiformis Gyll., 
Tenebrioides mauritanicus L., Ptinus fur L., Microglotta marginalis 
Grav., Philonthus fuscus Grav., P. sordidus Grav., Phyllodrepa 
floralis Payk.; (Columba domestica). 

Szelenyi, 1944: Cephalonomia nidicola Szelenyi; (Columba domestica). 
Taschenberg, 1880a: Pulex avium O. Taschenberg; (Haustaube). 
Wagner. 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. ; {Columba livia L.). 

— , igay: Ceratophyllus columbae Koths.; (Haustauben). 

— ■ , 1936a: Ceratophyllus columbae Steph.; (Haustauben, Columba 
livia). 
Walsh, 1938: Ceratophyllus columbae Steph.; {Columba domestica L.). 
Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus columbae Walck.; (Columba livia). 

— , 19 14: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., C. columbae Ger\-., C. galli- 
nulae Dale, C. gallinae Schrk.; (Columba livia). 

Wolffhugel, 1910: Hectopsylla psittaci Fra.uenie\d; (Columba livia). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia aviculariah.; (Columba livia). 



Columba oenas Linnaeus 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Columba oenas). 
Baker, 1904: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; (Columba oenas). 
Bequaert, 1942: Carjius hemapterus Nitzsch. 

— , 1953a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; (Columba oenas oenas). 
Bickhardt, 191 1 : Philonthus fuscus Grav. ; (Hohltaube) . 

Collart, 1947a: Chiromyia (sic) inermis Collin, Ornithomyia avicula- 
ria L. 

Dale, 1878: Saprinus rotundatus 111., S. aeneus, Fab., Trox scaber L., 
Ceratopsyllus aenas (sic), Dale; (stock-dove). 

Dampf, 1908: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Columba oenas). 

Eichler, 1938b: Ceratophyllus columbae (Wale. & Gerv.) ; (Hohltaube). 

Fowler, 1888: Philonthus fuscus Gra.v.; (stock-dove). 

— , 1889: Gnathoncus nannentensis (sic) Mars., G. punctulatus 
Thoms.; (stock-dove). 

— , 18^0: Trox scaber 1j.; (stock-dove). 

Gerhard, 1909: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Philonthus fuscus Grav., 
Trox perrisi Fairm. {haroldi Flach) ; (Hohltaube). 

Hennig, 1937: Leptometopa latipes Meig., Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, 
Meoneura neottiophila Collin. 



387 

Kemper, 1938a: Enicmus minutus L., Ptinus rufipes F., Tinea fusci- 
punctella Hw., T. pellionella L., Hofmannophila pseudospretella 
Stt., Fannia canicularis L., Ceratophyllus columbae Steph.; (Hohl- 
taube). 

Leleup, 1947c: Aleochara sparsa Heer, Atheta nigricornis Thorns., Que- 
dius hrevicornis Thorns., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Xantholinus gla- 
her Nordm., Nemadus colonoides Kr., Hister merdarius Hoffm., 
Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Plegaderus dissectus Er., Trox sca- 
ber L., Elater nigrojlavus Goez., Prionychus ater F., Ornithomyia 
avicularia L., Chiromyia (sic) inermis CoUin, Telenomus sp., mi- 
crohymenoptera. Undetermined insects; (Columba oenas oenas L.). 
Chiromyia (sic) inermis ColHn, Ornithomyia avicularia L., Quedius 
(Microsaurus) injuscatus Er., Q. (M.) ventralis Arag., Q. (M.) 
brevicornis Thoms., Xantholinus (Metacyclinus) glaber Nordm., 
Plegaderus dissectus Er.. Elater nigrojlavus Goez., Prionychus 
ater F. ; (pigeon colombin). 

— , I947h: Aleochara sparsa Heer, Atheta nigricornis Thorns., Que- 
dius brevicornis Thoms., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Xantholinus gla- 
ber Nordm., Nemadus colonoides Kr., Hister merdarius Hoffm., 
Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Plegaderus dissectus Er., Trox 
scaber L., Telenomus sp., hippoboscid pupae, fleas, Quedius ven- 
tralis Arag. 

— ■ , 1947J: Prionychus ater F. 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus columbae Steph., C. gallinae (Schr.); 
(Columba oenas). 

— , 1936: Atomaria fuscipes Gyll., Otiorrhynchus ovatus L., Dendro- 
philus punctatus Hbst., D. pygmaeus L., Gnathoncus pUnctulatus 
Thoms., G. rotundatus Kug., Hister merdarius Hoffm., H. purpur- 
ascens Hbst., Enicmus minutus L., Ptinus rufipes F., Trox sabulo- 
sus L., Atheta debilis Er., A. fungi Grav., A. nigricornis Thoms., 
Crataraea suturalis Mannh., Microglossa pulla Gyll., Philonthus 
sordidus Grav., P. varians Grav., Phyllodrepa floralis Payk., Que- 
dius molochinus Grav., Staphylinus pubescens DeGeer, Camus he- 
mapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura sp., M. neottiophila Collin, Hypaspi- 
stomyia latipes Mg., Fannia canicularis L., Omphrale fenestralis L., 
Ceratophyllus columbae Steph., C. gallinae (Schr.), Entomobrya 
marginata Tullb., Hypogastrura armata Nic, Xenylla maritima 
Tullb., Hoffmanophila (sic) pseudospretella Stt., Tinea fuscipunc- 
tella L., T. pellionella L., Degeeriella sp., Lipeurus baculus N. 

Paulian, 1943: Trox PerrisiYdiirva.; (ramier). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.). 

Rothschild, 1900: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Columba oenas). 

— , 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinae; (stock-dove). 

Schmaus, 1936: Philonthus fuscus, Tachinus rufipes, Aleochara sparsa,. 
Microglotta marginalis, Trox scaber, Hister merdarius, Dendrophi- 
lus punctatus, Atomaria morio KoL, Gnathoncus nidicola; (Hohl- 
taube (in einer Schwarzspechthohle) ). 



388 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Trox pernsiFsLinn.; (Hohltaube). 

Sick, 1940: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Hister merdarius Hoffm.; 
(Hohltaube). 

Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus punctulatus 
Thorns., Enicmus minutus L., Philonthus juscus Grav., P. sordidus 
Grav., Phyllodrepa f [oralis Payk.; (Columba oenas). 

Wagner, 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 

Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Columba oenas). 

Columba palumbus Linnaeus 
Bickhardt. 1907: Potosia speciosissima Scop.; (Holztauben). 

— , igoyh: Potosia speciosissima Scop.; (Holztauben). 
Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus palumbi,T>2i\e\ (wood-pigeon). 
Dampf, 1908: Ceratophyllus farreniKoths. ; (Columba palumbus). 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (wood- 
pigeon). 

Evans, 1906: Ceratophyllus gar ei^oth'^. 
Everts, 1922: Trox haroldi Flsich; (houtduif). 
Falcoz, 1914: Trox perrisi Fairm. ; (pigeon ramier). 

— , 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L. 

Heim de Balsac, 1933: Tephrochlamys jlavipes Zett., Hydrotaea den- 
tipes F.; {Columba palumba L.) . 

Heyden, von, 1904: Potosia speciosissima Scop.; (Holztauben). 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus rusticus (Wagner), C. farreni (Roths.). 

Last, 1945: Laemostenus terricola Hbst.; (wood-pigeon). 

Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; (C. palumbus palumbus L.). 

Leslie and Shipley, 191 2: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (ring-dove). 

Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; {Columba palumbus pal- 
umbus L.). 

Morley, 1947: Ceratophyllus Farreni, Koth..\ (wood-pigeon). 

Morley and Atmore, 1915: Ceratopsyllus farreni Koihs.; (wood-pigeon). 

Parmenter, 1951: Ornithomyia avicularia; (?wood-pigeon). 

Pool, 1907: Quedius brevicornis Th., Hister merdarius Hop.; (wood- 
pigeon). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., Dasypsyllus gallinulae 
gallinulae {Dale) , Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus columbae Wale. & Gerv. ; 
(wood-pigeon). 

Rothschild, 1903: Ceratophyllus sciurorum; (wood-pigeon). 
— ■ , 1903b: Ceratophyllus daleiKoths. ; (Columba palumbus). 

— , 1905: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths.; (Columba palumbus). 
Schaufuss, igoy: Potosia speciosissima Scop.; (Holztaube). 
Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (houtduif). 
Seguy, 1932a: Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot) ; (pigeon ramier). 

— , 1936: Ornithoryiyia avicularia (L.). Pseudolynchia maura (Bigot) ; 
(pigeon ramier). 

Seidel, 1937: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagn.; (Columba palumbus). 



389 

Shipley, 1909: Ceratopliyllus garei Koihs.; (Columba palumbus). 

— ■ , 191 1 : Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Columba palumbus). 

Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia h.; (Columba palumbus). 

Columbigallina sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Microlynchia pusilla (Speiser), Ornithoctona erythro- 
cephala (Leach). 

Columbigallina passerina (Linnaeus) 
Travis, \<^'^Q: Solenopsis geminata (F.); (?groiind dove). 

Didunculus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata. 

Ducula sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata, Ornithoica pusilla. 

Gallicolumba sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata, Ornithoica pusilla. 

Geotrygon sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach). 

Leptotila sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Microlynchia pusilla (Speiser), Ornithoctona erythro- 
cephala (Leach). 

Leptotila rufaxilla (Richard and Bernard) 
Lutz and Neiva, 191 2: Mydaea pici Macq. ; (Peristera rufaxilla). 
Miranda Ribeiro, de, 1901 : Mydaea pici Macq.; (Peristera rufaxilla). 

Leptotila rufaxilla reichenbachii (Pelzeln) 
Engel, 1920: Mydaea pici Macq.; {Leptotila reichenbachi reichenbachi 

(Pelzeln)). 

Leucotreron sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithocto7ia plicata, Ornithoica pusilla. 

Macropygia sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata. 

Nesopelia sp. 

Bequaert, igr^^h: Microlynchia pusilla (Speiser). 

Oreopeleia sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Microlynchia pusilla (Speiser), Ornithoctona erythro- 
cephala (Leach). 



390 

Phapitreron sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctoiia plicata. 

Ptilinopus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata, Ornithoica pusilla. 

Reinwardtoena sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata. 

Scardafella sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Microlynchia pusilla (Speiser), Stilhometopa podo- 
postyla. 

Streptopelia sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata, Pseudolynchia canariensis 
(Macq.) =: Lynchia maura (Bigot) = Oljersia maura Bigot ^= Lyn- 
chia lividicolor Bigot. 

Streptopelia turtur (Linnaeus) 
Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Ornithornyia avicularia L. ; (tortelduif ) . 

Treron sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata, Pseudolynchia canariensis 
(Macq.) = Lynchia maura (Bigot) = Oljersia maura Bigot = 
Lynchia lividicolor Bigot. 

Turtur sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) ^Lynchia maura 
(Bigot) = Oljersia jyiaura Bigot ^ Lynchia lividicolor Bigot. 

Zenaida sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach), Stilhometopa 
podopostyla. 

Zenaida aurita (Temminck) 
Bequaert, 1954: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach) ; (Zenaida a. au- 
rita) . 

Zenaidura sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Microlynchia pusilla (Speiser). Ornithoctona erythro- 
cephala (Leach), Stilhometopa podopostyla. 

Zenaidura macroura marginella (Woodhouse) 

Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. Apaulina hasingeri Hall; (mourning dove from 
California) . 

Hill and Work, 1947: Protocalliphora sp.; (mourning dove). 

Neff, 1945: Apaulina hasingeri Hall; (mourning dove). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora (= Apaulina of Hall) ; (Zenaidura ma- 
croura). 



391 

Uncertain Position 

Seguy, 1946: Philornis pici Macq.; [Peristera sp.). 

— , ig^o: Philornis pici MsLcq.; {Peristera sp.) . 

Order CORACIIFORMES 

Family ALCEDINIDAE 
Undetermined 

Hindwood, 1951 : Moths, flies, beetles; (kingfisher). 

— , 1951a: Flies, other insects; (kingfisher). 
Seguy, 1946: Scatopse notata (L.) ; (kingfisher). 

— ■ , 1950: Sphaerocera falcozi Duda ap. Falcoz; (kingfisher). 

Alcedo atthis (Linnaeus) 
Falcoz, 1921 : Sphaerocera falcozi Duda; {Alcedo hispida (sic) L.). 
Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; {Alcedo atthis ispida L.). 
Seguy, 1934: Sphaerocera falcozi Duda ap. Falcoz; {Alcedo hispida 
(sic) L.). 
— ■ , 1946: Fannia manicata (Meig.), Hydrotaea occulta Meig., Sphae- 
rocera falcozi Duda; (martin-pecheur) . 

Geryle (Megaceryle) alcyon (Linnaeus) 

Fox, 1940: Peromyscopsylla hesperomys (Baker); (kingfisher). 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Ceratophyllus riparius J. & R.; (Ceryle alcyon). 
Leptopsylla hesperomys (Baker) ; (Megaceryle alcyon). 

Jordan, 1929b: Ceratophyllus riparius J. & R.; (Ceryle alcyon). 

Leonard, 1926: Ceratophyllus riparius J. & R.; (Ceryle alcyon). Lepto- 
psylla hesperomys ^dik^r; (kingfisher). 

Stewart, 1933: Ceratophyllus riparius J. & R.; {Ceryle alcyon L.). 
Ctenopsyllus hesperomys Baker; (kingfisher). 

Geyx sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica philippinensis, O. pusilla. 

Dacelo sp, 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica pusilla. 

Hindwood, 1951: Beetles, Necrobia ruficollis, Passeromyia longicornis; 

(kookaburra). 
McKeown, 1942: Ornithomyia australasiae hea-ch; (kookaburra). 

Dacelo novaeguineae (Hermann) 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia perfuga; (Dacelo novaeguineae novae- 
guineae). 

Chisholm, 1952: Passeromyia longicornis, chalcid wasp, beetles; (Dacelo 
gigas). 



392 

Hindwood, 1947: Scavenging fly larvae, ?Mor7no7iiella sp.. Necrobia 
ruficollis F., Pheidole variabilis Mayr; (Dacelo gigas). 

Halcyon sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica pusilla; [Todiramphus sp.). Ornitheza 
metallica (Schiner), Ornithoctona plicata, Ornithoica pusilla, O. 
stipituri. 

Halcyon sancta Vigors and Horsfield 
Hindwood, 1951a: Moth, ?Passeromyia longicornis; (Halcyon sanctus). 
Lord. 1940: Moth: (sacred kingfisher). 



Family CORACIIDAE 
Coracias garrulus Linnaeus 
Kirichenko, 1949: Diptera, lepidoptera, coleoptera. 

Family MEROPIDAE 
Merops apiaster Linnaeus 
Kirichenko, 1949: Diptera, lepidoptera, coleoptera. 

Merops ornatus Latham 
B(ryant), 1939: Fly pupae; (bee-eater). 
Chisholm, 1952: Fly larvae; (Merops ornatus). 
Hindwood, 1947: Scavenging fly larvae; (Merops ornatus). 

— , 1 95 1 : Moths, flies, beetles; (bee-eater). 

— , 1951a: Flies, other insects; (bee-eater). 
Roberts, 1940: Fly larvae; (Merops ornatus). 
Ward, 1938: Blow-fly; (Merops ornatus). 



Family UPUPIDAE 
Upupa epops Linnaeus 

Bickhardt, 191 1: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Potosia aeruginosa 
Drury, Trox scaber L., Catops watsoni Spence, Nemadus colonoides 
Kr., Atheta celata Th., A. coriaria Kr., A. inquinula Grav., A. nigri- 
cornis Thorns., Microglossa marginalis Grav., Philonthus aeneus 
Rossi, Quedius microps Grav., Xantholinus glaber Nordm.; (Wiede- 
hopf ) . 

— , 1916: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Dendrophilus punctatus Hhst., 
Hister merdarius Hoffm. ; (Wiedehopf). 

Everts, 1922: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.; (Wiedehopf). 

Hinton, 1945a: Gnathoncus nannetensis (Mars.), G. nanus (Scriba) ; 
(hoopoe). 



393 

Jeannel, 1936: Nemadus colonoides Kr. ; (huppe). 

Kemper, 1938a: Cry pto phagus dentatus Hhst.; (Wiedehopf). 

Lengerken. von, 1927: Gyiathoncus sp., Hister merdarius Hoffm., H. 
cadaverinus Hoffm.; (Wiedehopf). 

Linsley, ig^^: Dendrophilus punctatus Hhst.; (hoopoe). 

Reichardt, 1941: Gnathoncus nanus (Scriba), G. nannetensis (Mars.); 
( hoopoe ) . 

Roubal, 1907: Histeridae, Crytpophagus dentatus Hbst., Cossonus line- 
aris ¥., Dacne notata Gmel., Dendrophilus punctatus L., Gnathoncus 
rotundatus Kug., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Potosia aeruginosa 
Drury, Trox scaber L., Catops watsoni Spence, Nemadus colonoides 
Kr., Aleochara sparsa Heer, Atheta celata Er., A. coriaria Kr., 
Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Grav., A. inquinula Grav., A. nigricornis 
Thoms., A. sordida Marsh., Heterothops dissimilis Grav., H. praevia 
Er., Microglossa marginalis Grav., Omalium caesum Grav., O. rivu- 
lare Payk., Oxypoda opaca Grav., O. umbrata Gyll., Oxytelus niti- 
dulus Grav., O. rugosus F., O. sculpturatus Grav., O. tetracarinatus 
Block (sic), Philonthus aeneus Rossi, P. juscus Grav., P. splendi- 
dulus Grav., Quedius microps Grav., Xantholinus (Metacyclinus) 
glaber Nordm., X. punctulatus Payk., Autalia rivularis Grav., Oxy- 
omus silvestris Scop., Haplodcrus caelatus Grav., Omosiphora lim- 
bata F., Rliysemus (sic) as per F. 
— , 191 7: Philonthus fimetarius Grav., Falagria obscura Graw, Atheta 
angusticollis ravilla Er., A. paradoxa Rey, Paromalus jlavicornis 
Hbst., Cercyon quisquilius L., Cryptophagus punctipennis Bris., 
Atomaria linearis Steph. ; (Wiedehopf). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Xantholinus punctulatus Payk., X. glaber Nordm., 
Philonthus juscus Grav., P. aeneus Rossi, Quedius microps Grav., 
Atheta nigricornis Thoms., A. inquinula Grav., A. coriaria Kr., A. 
celata Er., Microglossa marginalis Grav., Catops Watsoni Spence, 
Nemadus colonoides Kr., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kugel., Trox sca- 
ber L., Potosia aeruginosa Drury, Omalium rivulare Payk., O. 
caesum Grav., Haplodcrus caelatus Grav., Oxytelus rugosus F., O. 
sculpturatus Grav., O. nitidulus Grav., O. tetracarinatus Block (sic), 
Xantholinus splendidulus Grav., Heterothops praevia Er., H. dissi- 
milis Grav., Atheta sordida Marsh., A. fungi Grav., Autalia rivularis 
Grav., Aleochara sparsa Heer, Oxypoda umbrata Gyll., O. opaca 
Grav., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Omosiphora limbata F., Cryptopha- 
gus dentatus H., Dacne notata Gmel., Cossonus linearis F., Rhysse- 
mus asper F., Oxyomus silvestris Scop., Dendrophilus punctatus 
L.; (Upupa epops). 

Sick, 1940: Nemadus colonoides Kr., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., 
Trox scaber Y,.; (Wiedehopf). 

Sokolowski, 1942: Nemadus colonoides Kr. ; (Wiedehopf). 

Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus punctulatus 
Thoms., Trox scaber L., Atheta inquinula Grav., Microglossa margi- 
nalis Grav., Xantholinus glaber Nordm.; (Wiedehopf). 



394 



Order CUCULIFORMES 

Family GUGULIDAE 

Undetermined 

Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fringillina; (Cuculidae). 
— , 1938a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis; 
(Cuculidae). 

Centropus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi. 

Clamator sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi. (Note: Since Clamator includes 
parasitic species, this genus should not be construed as a true 
breeding host of Ornithoica turdi in the sense of assuming that a 
part of the life cycle of this hippoboscid is spent in the nest of 
Clamator. Bequaert (1953b) lists O. turdi as found on Clamator. 
It most likely contracts the parasite while fledglings are in the nest 
of the avian host. ) . 

Coccyzus americanus americanus (Linnaeus) 
Hicks, 1953: Orthoperidae, Mesogramma marginata (Say), Liposcelis 
sp. {?), Leptothrips (?) sp., L. mali (Fitch). 

Cuculus canorus Linnaeus 

Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L. 

Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; (European 
cuckoo) . 

Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.). 

Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Cuculus canorus). (Note: 
The insects listed above are most likely acquired by Cuculus cano- 
rus L. as fledglings while in the nests of avian hosts.) . 

Geococcyx californianus (Lesson) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Microlynchia pusilla (Speiser) ; (Geococcyx calif or- 
nicus) . 



Order FALCONIFORMES 

Undetermined 

Bezzi, 1916: Camus hemapterus; (hawk). 

Bickhardt, 1916: Hister cadaverinus Hoffm.; (Falkenhorst). Hister mer- 
darius Yioiim.; (Falken). 



395 

Britten, 1920: Ceratophyllus garei,Koths.; (hawk). 

Chandler, 1949: Apaulina spp., Protocalliphora spp.; (hawk). 

Donisthorpe, 1928: Atheta nidicola Johan., A. nigricornis Th., A. reperta 
Shp., A. boletobia Th., A. cinnamoptcra Th., A. laticollis Steph., A. 
laevana Mul., Philonthus proximus Kr., Oxytellus (sic) tetracarina- 
tus Block (sic), Choleva fumata Spence, Omosita discoidea F., 
Atomaria apicalis Er., Gnathoncus buyssoni Auz. ; (hawk). 

— , 1930: Atheta (Atheta) nidicola Johan., Gnathoncus buyssoni Auz.; 
(hawk). 

— , 1930a: Microglossa saturalis (sic) Sahib., Homalium deplanatum 
Gyll., H. concinnum Marsh., Dendrophilus punctatus 111., Hister 
merdarius Hoffm.; (from grey squirrel's nest possibly previously 
occupied by hawk) . 

— , 1931: Atheta nidicola: (hawk). 

— , ig^ia.: Philonthus fuscus; (hawk). 

— , iQ'^6a.: Dromius angustatus Brulle; (hawk). 

— , 1937: Atheta castarioptera Mann., A. nidicola Johan., A. reperta 
Sharp, A. nigritula Gr., A. gagatina Baudi, A. nigricornis Th., A. 
laevana Muls., A. cinnamoptera Th., Quedius brevicornis Thorns., 
Philonthus fuscus Grav., Oxytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic), Ho- 
malium concinnum Marsh., Choleva fumata Spence, Gnathoncus 
buyssoni Auz., Omosita discoidea ¥.; (hawk). 

— • , 1938: Atomaria apicalis Er. ; (hawk). 

— , 1939: Dromius angustatus Brulle, Atomaria apicalis Er., Gnath- 
oncus buyssoni Auzat, Omosita discoidea F., Choleva fumata 
Spence, Atheta castanoptera Mann, {xanthoptera Steph.), A. cinn- 
amoptera Thorns., A. gagatina Baudi, A. laevajia Muls., A. lati- 
collis Steph., A. nidicola Johans., A. nigricornis Thorns., A. nigri- 
tula Gr. {boletobia Fowl.), Homalium concinnum Marsh., Oxytelus 
tetracarinatus Block (sic), Philonthus fuscus Grav., P. proximus 
Kr., Quedius brevicornis Thorns.; (hawk). 

Duda, 1938: Limosina (Limosina) czernyi (Duda), L. (L.) exigua 

Rondani; (Bussard). 
Hatch, 1933: Dissochaetus oblitus Lee, Catops (Sciodrepoides) termi- 

nans Lee, Prionchaeta opaca Say; (buzzard's nest in Maryland). 
Hinton, 1945: Philonthus (Philonthus) sue ciola Thorns.; (hawk). 
Joy, 1932: Atheta nidicola Joh., Gnathoncus buyssoni Auz.; (hawk). 
Knaus, 1928: Griburius montezurna (Suffr.); (buzzard). 
Lengerken, von, 1927: Hister merdarius Hoffm., H. cadaverinus Hoffm.; 

(Falkenhorsten) . 
Linsley, 1944: Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst; (hawk). 
McKeown, 1942: Ornithomyia australasiae Leach; (hawk). 
Morgan, 1944: Larvae of blood-sucking flies ; (hawk). 
Olivier, 1905: Ornithomyia avicularia Meig.; (buse). 
Rothschild, 1952: Orchopeas wickhami (Baker); (hawk). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Meoneura neottiophila Collin, Gnathoncus 

buyssoni Auzat, G. nidicola Joy; (hawk). 



396 

Sick, 1940: Gnat honcus punctulatus Thorns.; (Bussard). 
Strand, 1946: Enicmus nidicola Palm; (hawk). 
Thompson, ig'^g: Monopsyllus sciurorum (Schrank) ; (buzzard). 
Wasielewski, von, and Wiilker, 1918: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (fal- 
cons, eagle). 



Family AEGYPIIDAE 
Necrosyrtes monachus (Temminck) 
Moreau, 1942: Undetermined roaches. 
North, 1939: Undetermined roaches; (Necrosyrtes monachus). 

Neophron sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) = Lynchia maura 
(Bigot) =: Olfersia maura Bigot = Lynchia lividicolor Bigot. 

Family CATHARTIDAE 
Cathartes sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Olfersia bisulcata. 

Cathartes aura (Linnaeus) 
Robinson, 1941: Trox spp.; (turkey vulture). Trox aequalis: {Cathartes 
aura septentrionalis Wied). 

Coragyps sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Olfersia bisulcata. 

Coragyps atratus (Meyer) 

Falcoz, 1926: Olfersia spinifera Leach; {Catharistes urubu L.). 
Seguy, 1936: Lynchia spinifera (Leach); {Catharistes urubu L.). 

Gymnogyps californianus (Shaw) 
Biester and Schwarte, 1952: Haematosiphon inodora; (California 

condor). 
Usinger, 1947: Haematosiphon inodora (Duges). 

Sarcoramphus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Olfersia bisulcata. 

Sarcoramphus papa (Linnaeus) 
Falcoz, 1926: Olfersia spinifera hea.ch; (king vulture). 

Vultur sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Olfersia bisulcata. 



397 

Family FALGONIDAE 
Undetermined 

Eichler. 1938b: Ceratophyllus spinosus YJagner: (falcon). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Dermestes murinus L., Hister cadaverinus Hoffm., H. 
merdarius Hoffm., Atheta (Acrotona) jungi Grav., A. nigricornis 
Thorns.; (falcon). 

Fletcher, 1920: Stomoxys {"? oblongata) ; (kite). 

Leruth, 1935: Atheta jungi Grav., A. nigricornis Thorns.; (falcon). 

Peus, 1939: Ceratopliyllus spinosus Wagner; (falcon). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (falcon). 

Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fringillina: (Aquilidae. 
Falconidae) . 
— , 1938a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis; (Fal- 
conidae). 

Wasielewski, von, and WUlker, 19 18: Camus hemapterus Nitsch; 
(falcon). 

Accipiter sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia sp., L. americana (Leach), L. angustifrons 
L. nigra, L. wolcotti, Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach), Or- 
nithoctona plicata, Omithoica pusilla, O. turdi, Pseudolynchia cana- 
riensis (Macq.) {= Lynchia maura (Bigot) := Olfersia maura Bi- 
got = Lynchia lividicolor Bigot). 

Macquart, 1835: Ornithomyia sp.; (eperviers). 

Seguy, 1937a: Hydrotaea nidicola Karl; (epervier). 

Stresemann, 1934: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Sperber (Accipiter)). 

Accipiter cooperi (Bonaparte) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (Cooper's hawk). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Hill, 1948: Protocalliphora sp.; (Accipiter coopcrii). 

Sargeant, 1938: Protocalliphora splendida sialis Shan. & Dobr. ; 
(Cooper's hawk). 

Accipiter gentilis (Linnaeus) 

Dorn, 1913: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; [Astur palumharius L.). 

Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; [Astur palumharius L.). 

Hennig, 1937: Meoneura neottiophila Collin; {Accipiter gentilis L.). 

Horion, 1936a: Microglotta picipennis Gyll.; (Habichtshorst). 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus garei (Roths.) : {Astus (sic) palumhar- 
ius L.). 

Kemper, ig'^Sa: Dermestes murinus h.; (Hiihnerhabicht). 

Niethammer, 1938: Monopsyllus sciurorum; [Accipiter gentilis gallina- 
rum (C. L. Brehm) ) . 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.), C. 
garei Roths., C. sciurorum Schrank; (Accipiter gentilis). 



398 

Nordberg, 1936: Dermestes murinus L., Atheta (s. str.) nigricornis 
Thorns., Microglossa marginalis Grav., M. picipennis Gyll., M. pulla 
Gyll., Meoneura neottiophila Collin, Hydrotaea nidicola Karl, Cera- 
tophyllus jarreni Roths., C. gallinae (Schrank), C. garei Roths., C. 
(Monopsyllus) sciurorum Schrank, Hypogastrura armata Nic, Am- 
phigerontia bifasciata Latr., Stenopsocus immaculatus Steph. ; {Ac- 
cipiter gentilis L.). 

Reclaire and Van Der Wiel, 1936: Microglossa picipennis Gyll.; (Accipi- 
ter gentilis gallinarum Brm. ) . 

Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; (Astur palumbarius h.) . 

Strand, ig^y. Microglossa picipennis Gyll.; {Aster (sic) palumbarius L,.) . 
■ — ■ , I g-^S: Microglossa picipennis GyW.; {Aster (sic) palumbarius L.) . 

Szekessy, 1950: Microglotta marginalis Grav.; (Accipiter gentilis). 

Thiem, 1906: Microglossa picipennis Gyll., M. pulla. Gyll., M. suturalis 
Sahib., Cryptophagus scanicush.; (Habichtshorsten). 

Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Accipiter gentilis (^ Astur 
palumbarius)). 

Accipiter nisus (Linnaeus) 

Basden, 1934: Hydrotaea nidicola Malloch; (sparrow hawk). 

Bequaert, 1953a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; (Accipiter nisus). 

Czerny, 1930: Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen; (Sperber). 

Dorn, 1913: Microglossa picipennis Gyll., M. pulla Gyll., Atheta coriaria 
Kr., A. nigricornis Thorns., Aleochara sparsa Heer, Dendrophilus 
punctatus Hbst., larvae of beetles, flies, microlepidoptera, Ornitho- 
myia avicularia L., Calliphora erythrocephala Mg., Neottiophilum 
praeustum (Mg.) ; {Accipiter nisus L..). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (spar- 
row hawk). 

Everts, 1^22: Microglossa gejitilis \-.un^m3.nn; (sperwer). 

Falcoz, 1914: Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, Aleochara sparsa Olcer., 
Atheta (s. str.) nigricornis Thorns., Microglossa picipennis Gyll., 
M. pulla Gyll.; (epervier). 

Heim de Balsac, 1938: Microglotta pulla; (epervier). 

Hennig, 1937: Meoneura neottiophila Collin; {Accipiter nisus L.). 

Hesse, 1925: Calliphora erythrocephala Mg., Neottiophilum praeustum 
Mg. ; (Sperber). 

Huckett, 1954: Hydrotaea nidicola Malloch; (Accipiter nisus). 

Jeffery, 1922: Ceratophyllus gallinae; (Accipiter nisus). 

Joy, 1930: Aleochara sparsa Heer, Atheta nidicola, A. nigricornis; 
(Accipiter nisus). 

Karl, 1928: Hydrotaea nidicola Karl; (Sperber). 

Kemper, 1938a: Calliphora erythrocephala Mg., Fannia canicularis L., 
Dermestes murinus L., D. undulatus Brahm, Forficula auricularia 
L.; (Sperber) . 

Leruth, 1935: Atheta nigricornis Thoms.; (epervier). 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. jarreni Roths., C. 



399 

gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., C. vagabundus Boheman, Cte- 
nophtalmus (sic) agyrtes HeWer; (Accipiter nisus). 

Nordberg, 1936: Dermestes muriyius L., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., 
Aleochara fuscipes F., A. sparsa Olcer., Atheta nidicola Johan., A. 
nigricornis Thorns., Microglossa picipennis Gyll., M. pulla Gyll., 
Philonthus fuscus Grav., Trichopteryx grandicollis Mann., Meoneura 
neottiophildi Collin, Fannia canicularis L., Ceratophyllus borealis 
Roths., C.farreni Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., C. vaga 
bunda Bohem., Ctcnophthalmus ag. agyrtoides Wahlgren. Entoryio- 
brya rnarginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., Lepidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb., 
Hypogastrura armata Nic, H. purpurascens Lubb., Xenylla mari- 
tima Tullb., Serphus sp., Degeeriella rufa N., Forjicula auricularia 
L.; {Accipiter nisus Y,.) . 

Rothschild, 1948: Ceratophyllus borealis Koths.; {Accipiter nisus h.) . 
— ■ , 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. vagabunda Bohem., Da- 
sypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (sparrow 
hawk). 

Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Ornithornyia aviculariah.; (sperwer). 

Seguy, 1939: Hydrotaea nidicola Karl; (epervier). 
— , i^/^^: Hydrotaea nidicola ¥^2ir\; (epervier). 

Sick, ig/^o: Dendrophilus punctatus Hhst.; (Sperber). 

Strand, 1937: Microglossa picipennis Gyll.; {Accipiter nisus L.). 
— ■ , i(^2>^: Microglossa picipennis GyW.; {Accipiter nisus h.). 

Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Philonthus fuscus 
Grav., Acrotrichis grandicollis Mannh.; (Accipiter nisus). 

Tate, 1954: Neottiophilum praeustum (Mg.) ; {Accipiter nisus nisus 

(L.)). 
Thompson, ig-^g: Monopsyllus sciurorum (Schrank) ; (sparrow hawk) . 
Tiensuu, 1935: Hydrotaea nidicola Karl; (Sperber). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithornyia avicularia L.; (Accipiter nisus). 

Aquila sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia americana (Leach), L. dukei, L. nigra, Pseu- 
dolynchia canariensis (Macq.) =: Lynchia maura (Bigot) ^Olfer- 
sia maura Bigot = Lynchia liuidicolor Bigot. 

Bezzi, 1922: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Aquila chrysaetos (Linnaeus) 

Ewing and Fox, 1943: Ceratophyllus vagabundus (Boheman); (Aquila 
chrysaetos). 

Gordon, 1955: Fly maggots (?); (Aquila chrysaetos). 

Holland, 1951: Ceratophyllus vagabundus vagabundus (Boheman); 
{Aquila chrysaetos canadensis (L.) ). 

Hubbard, 1947: Ceratophyllus vagabundus Boheman; (Aquila chrysae- 
tos). 



400 

Jellison, 1940: Protocalliphora sp.; (golden eagle in Alaska). 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman; (Aquila 

chrysaetos). 
Jellison and Kohls, 1939: Ceratophyllus vagabunda (Boheman) ; (Aquila 

chrysaetos) . 
Philip, 1938: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman, Protocalliphora sp. 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman; {Aquila chrysae- 

tus (sic) (L.)). 

Aquila heliaca Savigny 
Engel, 1920: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (Aquila imperialis) . 
Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Aquila heliaca Savigny = 

Aquila imperialis) . 
Seguy, 1932a: Camus hemapterus (Nitzsch). 

— , 1934: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

— , 1946: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

■ — , 1950: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (Aquila heliaca). 
Stobbe, 1913: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (Aquila imperialis). 

Aviceda sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata, Ornithoica pusilla. 

Busarellus sp, 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia angustifrons. 

Buteo sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia sp., L. americana (Leach), L. angustifrons, 
L. dukei, L. nigra, L. wolcotti, Ornithoctona erythrocephala 
(Leach), Ornithoica pusilla, O. turdi, Pseudolynchia canariensis 
(Macq.) =: Lynchia maura (Bigot) = Olfersia maura Bigot = Lyn- 
chia lividicolor Bigot. 

Jellison, 1939: Oropsylla idahoensis. 

— , 1940: Lyctocoris campestris (F.), Protocalliphora avium Shannon 
& Dobroscky, Anthrenus occidens Csy., Dermestes lardarius L., D. 
signatus Lee, D. talpinus Mann., Ludius elegans (Kirby), Gnathon- 
cus sp., Psilocephala sp. 

— , 1940a: Diptera, coleoptera. 

Jellison, Kohls, and Mills, 1943: Oropsylla idahoensis (Baker). 
Robinson, 1941 : Trox spp., T. aequalis. 
Roubal, 1930: Microglotta pulla Gyll. 

Buteo borealis (Gmelin) 

Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp.; {Buteo borealis borealis (Gmel.)). 
Hill, 1948: Protocalliphora sp.; (red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)). 
Sargeant, 1938: Protocalliphora splendida sialis Shan. & Dobr.; (red- 
tailed hawk ) . 



401 



Buteo buteo (Linnaeus) 

Bequaert, 1953a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; (Buteo buteo buteo). 

Donisthorpe, 1931b: Microglossa picipennis GylL; (Buteo vulgaris). 

Falcoz, 1926: Crataerina pallida (Latr.). Ornithomyia avicularia L.; 
{Buteo vulgaris L.). 

Horion, i g'^6a.: Microglotta picipe7inis GyW.; ( Mausebussard ) . 

Huckett, 1954: Hydrotaea nidicola Malloch; {Buteo vulpinus interme- 
dius Menzb. ) . 

Johnsen, 1948: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; {Buteo buteo buteo (L.) ). 

Joy, 1930: Microglossa picipennis Gyll., Atheta nigricornis Th., A. nidi- 
cola Johan., Philonthus cephalotes Grav., P. nigriventris Th., P. 
aeneus Rossi, Quedius mesomelinus Marsh., Gnathoncus rotunda- 
tus Kugel., Hister striola Sahib., Trox scaber L., Catops fumata 
Spence; (Buteo vulgaris). 

— , ig'^2: Microglossa picipennis GyW.; (buzzard). 

Kemper, 1938a: Ctenocephalides canis Curt., Pulex irritans L., Ajithre- 
nus pimpinellae Fabr., A. scrophulariae L.; (Mausebussard). 

— , 1938c: Lucilia caesar, Calliphora erythrocephala; (Mausebus- 
sard). 

Korschefsky, ig/^^: A7ithrcnus pimpinellae; (Mausebussard). 
Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; {Buteo buteo L.). Cratae 

rina pallida (Latr.) ; {Buteo vulgaris L.). 
Niethammer, 1938: Pulex irritans; {Buteo buteo buteo (L.)). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank), C. vagabundus Bohe- 

man; (Buteo buteo). 

— , 1936: Microglossa picipennis GylL, Hydrotaea nidicola Karl, Cera- 
tophyllus gallinae (Schrank), C. vagabunda Boheman, Ctenocephal- 
lides canis Curt., Pulex irritans L., Entomobrya nivalis L., Hypo- 
gastrura armata Nic, Psocus nebulosus Steph., Chalcididae, Myrsi- 
dea gonophaea N.; {Buteo buteo L.). 

Palm, 1936: Atomaria (Anchicera) morio Kol., Cryptophagus scanicus 
L., Dermestes murinus L., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Atheta 
nidicola Johans., A. nigricornis Thorns., Microglotta picipennis GylL, 
Philonthus politus L., Quedius brevicornis Thoms., Tephrochlamys 
flavipes Zett., Raphidia spp.; {Buteo buteo L.) . 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Microglossa picipennis GylL; (buzzard). 

Roubal, 1929: Anthrenus pimpinellae (F.), A. scrophulariae F., Gna- 
thoncus rotundatus Kug., G. r. var. potanini Reitt., Corticarina fus- 
cula GylL, Enicmus transversus OL, Mycetaea hirta Marsh., Trox 
eversmanni Kryn., Sciodrepa fumata Spence, Atheta celata Er., A. 
nigricornis Thoms., Microglotta picipennis GylL, M. pulla GylL, Phi- 
lonthus politus L., P. sordidus Grav., Xantholinus punctulatus 
Payk.; {Buteo buteo L.). 

— , 1930: Atheta nigr ic or tiis Thoms.; {Buteo butepo (sic)). Sciodrepa 
fumatus Spence, Xantholinus punctulatus Payk., Philonthus politus 



402 

L., P. sordidus Grav., Microglotta picipennis Gyll., Gnathoncus ro- 
tundatus Kugel., G. rotundatus potanini Reitt.; (Buteo buteo). 
Microglotta pulla Gyll.; (Buteo). 

Schmaus, 1936: Microglotta picipennis, Atheta nidicola, Philonthus po- 
litus, P. fuscus, Gnathoncus nidicola, G. Buyssoni, Acrotrichis Vas- 
cularis; (Mausebussard). 

Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; {Buteo vulgaris L.). 

Sick, 1940: Hister merdarius Hoffm.; (Mausbussard). 

Strand, 1937: Microglossa picipennis Gyll.; {Buteo buteo L.). 

Szekessy, 1950: Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns.; (Buteo buteo). 

Tiensuu, 1935: Hydrotaea nidicola Karl; {Buteo vulpinus intermedins 
Menzb.). 

\Vulker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Buteo buteo). 

Buteo lineatus (Gmelin) 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp.; {Buteo lineatus lineatus (Gmel.)). 
Hill, 1948: Protocalliphora sp.; (Buteo lineatus). 

Sargeant, 1938: Protocalliphora splendida sialis Shan. & Dobr. ; (red- 
shouldered hawk) . 

Buteo swainsoni Bonaparte 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Jellison, 1940: ?Notoxus serratus LeConte: (Buteo swansoni (sic)). 
Dermestes signatus Lee, D. talpinus Mann.; (Swainson's hawk). 

Buteogallus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia nigra, Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach). 

Circaetus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia sp. 

Circus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia americana (Leach), L. nigra, Ornithoctona 
plicata. 

Circus aeruginosus (Linnaeus) 
Kemper, 1938c: Calliphor a erythrocephala; (Rohrweihe). 
Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (bruine kui- 
kendief). 

Circus cyaneus (Linnaeus) 
Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (blauwe kui- 

kendief ) . 
Strand, 1937: Microglossa picipennis Gyll.; {Circus cyaneus L.). 

Circus macrourus (Gmelin) 
Dorn, 1913: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; {Circus macrurus (sic) Gmelin). 



403 

Circus pygargus (Linnaeus) 
Ash. 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Booths. 

Schuurmans Stekhoven. 1955: Ornithomyia avicularia L. ; (grauwe kui- 
kendief ) . 

Daptrius sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach). 

Elanoides sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach). 

Elanus sp. 

Bequaert. 1953b: Lynchia angustifrons, Ornithoica turdi. 

Falco sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia aniericana (Leach), L. angustijrons, L. nigra, 
Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach), O. plicata, Ornithoica turdi, 
Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) = Lynchia maura (Bigot) = 
Olfersia maura Bigot = Lynchia lividicolor Bigot. 

Bezzi, 1922: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Falco cherrug Gray 

de Meijere, 191 2: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (Falco sacer). 

Engel. 1920: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Falco cherug (sic) cherug 

^ (sic) (Gray)). 
Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Falco cherrug Gray 

( = Falco sacer) ). 
Seguy, 1932a: Camus hemapterus (Nitzsch) : [Falco cherrug (Gray)). 

• — • , 1934: Camus hemapterus 'Nitzsch; {Falco cherug (sic) Gray). 

— ■ , 1946: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Falco cherug (sic) Gray). 

— ■ , 1950: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Falco cherug (sic)). 
Stobbe, 1913: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (Falco sacer). 

Falco columbarius Linnaeus 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia fringiUina Curtis, O. lagopodis Sharp; 
(Falco columbarius). 
— , 1954: Ornithomyia lagopodis {= Ornithomyia fringiUina Curtis) ; 

(Falco columbarius aesalon). 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; 

(merlin). 
Schuurmans Stekho\en, 1955: Ornithomyia avicularia L..; (smelleken). 

Falco peregrinus Tunstall 

Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 
Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 



404 

Kemper, ig38a: Derniestes murinus L., Forficula auricularia L.; (Wan- 

derfalk). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. fringillae Walker, C. 

gallinae (Schrank), C. garei Roths., Ctenophtalmus (sic) agyrtes 

Heller, C. uncinatus Wagner; (Falco peregrinus). 

— , 1936: Dermestes murinus L., Hister cadaverinus Hoffm., Trox 
scaher L., Catops morio Fabr., Aleochara fuscipes Fabr., A. sparsa 
Olcer., Atheta nigricornis Thorns., Microglossa picipennis Gyll., 
Philonthus laminatus Creuz., Trichopteryx grandicollis Mann., Car- 
nus hemapterus Nitzsch, Cynomyia mortuorum L., Pollenia rudis 
Fabr., Phaonia querceti Bouche, Tendipedinae, Ceratophyllus far- 
reni Roths., C. gallinae (Schrank), C. garei Roths., C. vagahunda 
Bohem., Ctenophthalmus hisoctodentatus (Kol.), Ctenophthalmus 
ag. agyrtoides Wahl., C. uncinatus Wagner, Entomobrya nivalis L., 
Lepidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb.. Xeriylla ynaritirna Tullb.. Forficula 
auricularia L., Chalcididae. 

Rothschild, 1948: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 

— ■ , I g^2: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohemsin. 
Szekessy, 1950: Trox scabcr L., Acrotrichis grandicollis Mannh.; (Falco 
peregrinus). 

Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus 

Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Bickhardt, 191 1: Hister cadaverinus Hoffm., H. merdarius Hoffm., 
Atheta fungi Grav., A. fungi orbata Er., A. nigricornis Thoms., A. 
zoster aeThovas.; (Turmfalke). 

Collart, 1947a: Chiromyia (sic) m(?rmw Collin; (kestrel hawk). 

Collin, 1933: Chiromyia (sic) (Gymnochiromyia) inermis sp. n.; (kes- 
trel hawk). 

— , 1939: Leria (Heleomyza) (sic) brachypterna Lw. ; (kestrel). 
Colyer and Hammond, 1951 : Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (kestrel). 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (ke- 
strel). 

Eichler, 1936b: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Falco tinnunculus tin- 
nunculus L.). 

— , I937d: Camus hemapterus 'Nitzsch.; (Falco tinnunculus). 

— , 1939b: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Engel, 1920: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Falco tiyinunculus tinnun- 
culus (L.) ). 

Hennig, 1937: Meoneura neottiophila Collin, Camus hemapterus 
Nitzsch. 

Kemper, 1938: Tinea fuscipunctella; (Turmfalke). 

— , 1938a: Hofmannophila pseudospretella Stt., Tinea fuscipunctella 
Haw., Nosopsyllus fasciatus Bosc, Ctenocephalides felis Bonche, 
Dermestes murinus Y..; (Turmfalk). 

Mercier, 1928: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus fasciatus Bosc, C. fringillae Walker, C. 



405 

gallinae (Schrank), C. penicilliger Gr., C. rectangulatus Wahlg., 
Ctenophtalmus (sic) agyrtes Heller, C. uncinatus Wagner; (Falco 
tinnunculus). 

Nordberg, 1936: Dermestes murinus L., Dcndropliilus punctatus Herbst, 
Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Euplectus 
karsteni Reichenb., Trox sabulosus L., T. scaher L., Atheta nigri- 
cornis Thorns., Microglossa picipennis Gyll., M. pulla Gyll., Philon- 
thus fuscus Grav., Trichopteryx grandicollis Mann., Meoneura neot- 
tiophila Collin, Cynomyia mortuorum L., Phaonia querceti Bouche, 
Omphrale fenestralis L., Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker, C. gallinae 
(Schrank), Megahothris turbidus Roths., Nosopsyllus fasciatus 
Bosc, Ctenocephalides felis Bouche, Ctenophthalmus ag. agyrtoides 
Wahlgren, C. uncinatus Wagner, Entomobrya marginata Tullb., 
Lepidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb., Hypogastrura armata Nic, Hoffmano- 
phila (sic) pseudospretella Stt., Tinea juscipunctella L., Chalcidi- 
dae. 

Roubal, 1907: Dermestes murinus L., Hister cadaverinus Hoffm., H. 
merdarius Hoffm., Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Grav., Atheta nigricor- 
nis Thoms., A. zosterae Thoms.; (Falco tinunculus (sic) ). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Atheta fungi Grav., A. nigricornis Thoms., A. zosterae 
Thoms., Dermestes murinus L., Hister merdarius Hoffm., H. cada- 
verinus Hoffm. 

Seguy, 1932a: Camus hemapter us (Nitzsch). 

— , K^"^^: Camus hemapterus '^\iz?,ch.. 

— , 1946: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

- — • , 1950: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (Falco tinnunculus). 
Stobbe, 1913: Camus hemapterus 'Nitzsch; (Falco tinnunculus). 
Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, Euplectus karsteni var. 
falsus Bedel., Trox scaber L., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Acrotrichis 
grandicollis Mannh.; (Falco tinnunculus). 
Wasielewski, von, and Wiilker, 1918: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; 

(Turmfalk). 
Wiilker, 1926: Omithomyia avicularia L.; (Falco tinnunculus). 

Geranospiza sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia nigra. 

Gymnogenys sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia dukei, Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) r= 
Lynchia maura (Bigot) = Olfersia maura Bigot = Lynchia lividi- 
color Bigot. 

Gypohierax sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia dukei, Omithoica turdi. 

Haliaeetus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia americana (Leach), L. dukei, Ornithoctona 
erythrocephala (Leach); {Haliaeetus (sic) sp.). 



4o6 

Haliaeetus albicilla (Linnaeus) 

Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Czerny, 1932: Ornitholeria nidicola Frey; (Seeadler). 

Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura neottiophila Col- 
lin; [Haliaetus (sic) albicilla 1-..) . 

Kemper, 1938a: Nosopsyllus jasciatus Bosc, Dermestes murinus L., 
Liposcelis divinatorius MiilL, Forficula auricularia L.; (Seeadler). 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus jasciatus Bosc, C. garei Roths., Ctenoph- 
talmus (sic) uncinatus \^a.gner; {Haliaetus (sic) albicilla). 
— , 1936: Dermestes murinus L., Trox scaber L., Atheta nigricornis 
Thorns., Microglossa picipennis Gyll., M. pulla Gyll., Philonthus 
fuscus Grav., Trichopteryx grandicollis Mann., Camus hemapterus 
Nitzsch, Meoneura neottiophila Collin, Hydrotaea nidicola Karl, 
Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank), C, garei Roths., Nosopsyllus jas- 
ciatus Bosc, Ctenophthalmus uncinatus Wagner, Entomobrya niva- 
lis L., Hypogastrura armata Nic, H. purpurascens Lubb., Liposce- 
lis divinatorius (MiilL), Psocus nebulosus Steph., Chalcididae, 
Philopterus platyrhynchus N., Forjicula auricularia L.; {Haliaetus 
(sic) albicilla L.). 

Szekessy, 1950: Trox scaber L.; Philonthus juscus Grav., Acrotrichis 
grandicollis yLdinnh.; {Haliaetus (sic) albicilla). 

Haliastur sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata. 

Henicopernis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona plicata; {Hecinopernis (sic) sp.). 

Herpetotheres sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia nigra, Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach). 

Heterospizias sp. 
Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia nigra. 

Hieraaetus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia dukei. 

Hypomorphnus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia angustijrons. 

Ictinia sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia angustijrons, Ornithoctona erythrocephala 
(Leach). 

Kaupifalco sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi, Pseudolynchia c anariensis {Macq.) — 
Lynchia maura (Bigot) = Oljersia maura Bigot = Lynchia lividi- 
color Bigot. 



407 

Leucopternis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia angustijrons, Lynchia 7iigra, Ornithoctona 
erythrocephala (Leach). 

Lophoaetus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi, Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) 
= Lynchia maura (Bigot) =: Olfersia maura Bigot =:: Lynchia livi- 
c?zVo/or Bigot; {Lophaetus (sic) sp.). 

Machaerhamphus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi. 

Melierax sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) ^Lynchia maura 
(Bigot) = Olfersia maura Bigot = Lynchia liuidicolor Bigot; {Me- 
lierax (sic) sp.). 

Micrastur sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia angustijrons, Ornithoctona erythrocephala 
(Leach). 

Milvago sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia angustijrons, L. nigra. 

Milvus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia dukei, Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) = 
Lynchia maura (Bigot) = Oljersia maura Bigot = Lynchia lividi- 
color Bigot. 

Milvus migrans (Boddaert) 

Ansari, 1949: Sitodrepa panicea L., Tribolium castaneum Hbst. ; {'^Mil- 
vus migrans govinda Sykes) . 

Delahon, 1932: Trox scaber L., Carcinops pumilio Er., Gnathoncus 
rotundatus Kug. ; (schwarzen Milan). 

Seguy, 1946: Hydrotaea nidicola Karl, Mycetaulus bipunctatus (Fallen). 
Anthomyia pluvialis (L.), Mydaea balsaci Seg. ; (Milvus migrans). 

Sick, 1940: Trox scaber L.; (schwarzen Milan). 

Milvus milvus (Linnaeus) 
Falcoz, 1926: Hippobosca equina L., Ornithomyia avicularia L.; {Milvus 

regalis Briss.) . 
Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; {Milvus milvus L.). 
Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; {Milvus regalis Briss.). 
■ — , 1946: Hydrotaea nidicola Karl. Anthomyia pluvialis (L.) ; {Milvus 
milvus). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Milvus milvus (== regalis)). 



4o8 

Odontriorchis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia angustifrons. 

Oroaetus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach). 

Pandion sp. 

Bequaert, 1954: Olfersia fumipennis. 

Pandion haliaetus (Linnaeus) 
Bequaert, ig53b: Olfersia fumipennis; (Pandion haliaetus). 

Pernis apivorus (Linnaeus) 

Hellen, 1932: Micro glossa picipennis GyW.; (Pernis apivorus). 

Horion, 1936a: Microglotta picipennis Gyll.; (Wespenbussard). 

Huckett, 1954: Hydrotaea nidicola Malloch; [Pernis apivorus L.). 

Palm, 1936: Aleochara sparsa Heer, Microglotta picipennis Gyll., M. 
pulla Gyll., Atheta corvina Thorns., A. nigricornis Thorns., A. soda- 
lis Er., A. divisa Mark!., A. zosterae Thorns., A. canescens Sharp, 
A. nidicola Johan., Quedius brevicornis Thorns., Q. maurus Sahib., 
Q,. xanthopus Er., Philonthus politus L., P. fuscus Grav., P. cepha- 
lotes Grav., P. ventralis Grav., Xylodromus depressus Grav., Phyl- 
lodrepa melanocephala P., Proteinus hrachypterus F., Megarthrus 
sinuatocollis Boisd., Acrotrichis atomaria Deg., A. fascicularis 
Hrbst., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., 
Cryptophagus lapponicus Gyll, C. scanicus L., C. badius Strm., 
C. pilosus Gyll., Antherophagus nigricornis F., Atomaria (Anchi- 
cera) morio Kol., Enicmus minutus L., Corticarina similata Gyll., 
Pogonochaerus fasciculatus Deg., Dendroctonus micans Kug., Oxy- 
poda recondita Kr., Bibloporus bicolor Denny, Raphidia spp., Che- 
lidurella acanthophygia (sic) Gen., Aglossa pinguinalis L., Endrosis 
lacteella (sic) Schiff., Fannia manicata Meig., Trox {?scaber) L.; 
{Pernis apivorus h.) . 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Boheman. 

Strand, 1937: Microglossa picipennis Gyll.; [Pernis apivorus L.). 

Tiensuu, 1935: Hydrotaea nidicola Karl; [Pernis apivorus L.). 

Polihierax sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Pseudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) ^= Lynchia maura 
(Bigot) =^ Olfersia maura Bigot = Lynchia lividicolor Bigot. 

Polyborus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia nigra, Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach). 

Spizaetus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach), Pseudolynchia 
canariensis [Ma.cq.) =z Lynchia maura [Bigot) =z Olfersia maura 
Bigot = Lynchia lividicolor Bigot. 



409 

Urubitornis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia wolcotti, Ornithoctona erythrocephala 
(Leach). 

Order GALLIFORMES 

Undetermined 

Baker, 1895: Sarcopsylla gallinacea Westwood; (gallinaceous birds). 
Bequaert, 1952: Ornithoctona plicata (v. Olfers) ; (gallinaceous birds). 
Menegaux, 1939: Ccratophyllus gallinac (Schrank) ; (gallinaceous 

birds). 
Seguy, 1938a: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank); (gallinaces). 
Stewart, 1927: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank; (wild gallinaceous 

birds). 

Family CRAGIDAE 
Crax sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Olfersia coriacea Macquart. 

Ortaiis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Olfersia coriacea Macquart. 

Penelope sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Olfersia coriacea Macquart. 

Family MELEAGRIDIDAE 
Agriocharis ocellata (Cuvier) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Olfersia coriacea Macquart; (Agriocharis ocellata). 

Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus 
Baker, 1904: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank), Xestopsylla gallinacea 

(Westwood); [Meleagris gallipavo (sic)). 
Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia arnericana (Leach); (Meleagris gallopavo 

silvestris) . 

Family PHASIANIDAE 
Undetermined 

Bickhardt, 191 1 : Atheta fungi Grav., A. fungi orbata Er., Omalium cae- 

sum Grav., O. rivulare Payk., Oxypoda umbrata Gyll.; (Fasan). 
Britten, 1920: Ceratophyllus gareiKoths.. ; (partridge, pheasant). 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Oriiithomyia avicularia L.; (part- 
ridge, pheasant). 
Falcoz, 1914: Quedius (Microsaurus) brevicornis T\\om?,on\ (pheasant). 

— , i^i^di: Q^uedius brevicornis Thorns.; (pheasant). 
Heidenreich, 1906a: Trechus discus; (Fasanerie). 



4IO 

Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; (perdrix, faisan). 

Macquart, 1835: Ornithomyia sp.; (perdrix). 

Pens, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank) ; (Fasan). 

Ritsema, 1873: Trichopsylla? gallinae Schrank; (Gallus gallorum 

Less. ) . 
— , 1880: Sarcopsyllus {?Hectopsylla) gallinaceus Westwood; 

{Gallus sp.)- 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank), C. galli- 

nulae (Dale), C. garei Roths.; (pheasant). 
Sick, 1940: Quedius brevicornis Thorn.?,.; (pheasant). 
Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fringillina; (Phasianidae). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (pheasant). 

Alectoris rufa (Linnaeus) 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 

Golinus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia americana (Leach), Ornithomyia fringillina 
Curtis. 

Colinus virginianus (Linnaeus) 
Jellison, 1940: Solenopsis sp.; (bobwhite quail). 
Stoddard, 1931 : Solenopsis molesta; (Colinus virginianus). 
Travis, 1938: Solenopsis geminata (F.) ; (bobwhite quail). 

Coturnix coturnix (Linnaeus) 
Fowler, 1888: Micro glossa pulla Gyll.; (quail). 
Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects ; (cailles). 

Gallus gallus (Linnaeus) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia (Ornithophila) maquilingensis; (Gallus gal- 
lus gallus, Gallus gallus haiikiva). 

Haematortyx sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia (Ornithophila) maquilingensis. 

Lophortyx sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia hirsuta, Stilbometopa impressa. 

Oreortyx sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Stilbometopa impressa. 

Pavo cristatus Linnaeus 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L. 
Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.: (Pavo cristatus). 



411 

Perdix perdix (Linnaeus) 
Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank. 
Heselhaus, 19 15: Megasternum boletophagum Mrsh., Atheta (Acrotona) 

fungi Grav., Tachinus collaris Grav., Exomias araneiformis Schrk.; 

{Perdix cinerea Lath.). 
Jeffery, 1922: Ceratophyllus gar ei; (Perdix cinerea). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koih.?,. 
Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus gareiR.oth.s. ; (Perdix cinerea). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Perdix perdix). 



Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus 
Hubbard, 1947: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (ringneck pheasant). 
Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank). 
JelHson, 1940: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Phasianus colchicus). 
JelHson, Kohls, and Mills, 1943: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (ringneck 

pheasant). 
Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects. 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schrank), C. garei Roths., 

Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 
Roubal, 1907: Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Grav., Ornaliurn caesura Grav., 

O. rivulare Payk., Oxypoda umbrata Gyll., Quedius (Microsaurus) 

brevicornis Thorns.; (Phasianus colchicus). 
Schaufuss, 1908: Omalium rivulare Payk., O. caesurn Grav., Atheta 

fungi Grav., Oxypoda umbrata Gyll, Quedius brevicornis Thorns.; 

(Phasianus colchicus). 
Waterston, 1909: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. 7iewsteadi Roths.; 

(Phasianus colchicus). 
— , 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale, C. garei Roths.; (Phasianus 

colchicus) . 



Family TETRAONIDAE 

Undetermined 

Austen, 1932: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; (grouse). 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus gallinulae T)3\t.; (grouse). 
Britten, 1920: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (grouse). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale) ; (grouse). 
Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O.fringillina; (Tetraonidae). 
— , 1938a: Ornithoinyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis; (Tetra- 
onidae). 

Bonasa sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia americana (Leach), Ornithomyia fringillina 
Curtis. 



412 

Canachites sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis. 

Centrocercus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia hirsuta. 

Dendragapus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia hirsuta, Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis. 

Lagopus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia fringillina Quxtis. 
Seguy, 1938a: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale). 

Lagopus lagopus (Linnaeus) 
Sharp, 1907: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; (Lagopus albus). 

Lagopus leucurus (Richardson) 

Hubbard, 1947: Ceratophyllus gareiKoths.; (Lagopus leucurus). 

Jelhson and Good, 1942: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Lagopus leu- 
curus). 

Jellison and Kohls, 1939: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Lagopus leu- 
curus). 

Philip, 1938: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; {Lagopus leucurus Swains. & 
Rich.). 

Lagopus scoticus (Latham) 
Bequaert, 1953a: Ornithomyia fringillina (Z\xrt\.%; (Lagopus scoticus). 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; 

(red grouse). 
Parmenter, 1951: Ornithomyia lagopodis; (?red grouse). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., Da- 
sypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 
Rothschild, 1915: Ceratophyllus gallinulae T>di\G; (Lagopus scoticus). 
Sharp, 1907: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; (Lagopus scoticus) . 
Shipley, 1911a: Ornithomyia lagopodus (sic); (Lagopus scoticus). 
Thompson, 1954: Ornithomyia lagopodis Shzivp; (red grouse). 
Waterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus garei Koihs.; (Lagopus scoticus). 

— - , 19 14: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Lagopus scoticus). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithorriyia avicularia L. ; (Lagopus scoticus). 

Lyrurus tetrix (Linnaeus) 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; 

(blackcock). 
Thompson, 1954: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; (blackcock). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Lyrurus tetrix). 



4^3 

Pedioecetes sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia americana (Leach). 

Tetrao sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Or7iitliomyia fri7igillina Curtis. 

Order GAVIIFORMES 

Family GAVIIDAE 

Gavia sp. 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus styx (Roths.); {Colymbus %y>-) ■ 

Seguy, 1944: Ceratophyllus styx l^oths.; {C olymbus sp. (plongeon)). 

Order GRUIFORMES 

Family OTIDIDAE 
Afrotis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia pilosa. 

Ghoriotis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia pilosa. 

Eupodotis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia pilosa. 

Lissotis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia pilosa. 

Neotis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia pilosa. 

Order MENURIFORMES 

Family MENURIDAE 
Menura novaehollandiae Latham 
Chishohn, 1952: Passeromyia sp.; (lyre-birds). 
Gilbert, 191 9: Muscidae; (Menura superba). 
Owen, 1954: Passeromyia longicornis; (Menura superba). 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.) ; (Menura novaehollan- 
diae) . 
— ■ , i<^/^^: Passeromyia longicornis M-diCc^.; {Menura sp.) . 
— • , 1950: Passeromyia longicornis Macq.; {Menura sp.). 



414 

Order MUSOPHAGIFORMES 

Family MUSOPHAGIDAE 
Crinifer sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi. 

Musophaga sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi. 

Ruwenzorornis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi; (Ruwenzornis (sic) sp.). 

Tauraco sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi. 

Order PASSERIFORMES 

Family ACANTHIZIDAE 
Undetermined 

Chisholm, 1952: Taphroiestes sp.; (thornbill). 

Acanthiza chrysorrhoa (Quoy and Gaimard) 

Hindwood, 1951a: Monopis argillacea (Meyrick) ; (Acanthiza chrys- 
orrhoa). 

Family ALAUDIDAE 
Undetermined 

Bagnall, 1918- — 1^21: Ceratophyllus gareiKoth^.; (lark). 
Imms, 1934: Phormia (Protocalliphora) azurea; (lark). 
Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; (alouette). 
Macquart, 1835: Ornithomyia sp.; (alouette). 
O'Mahony, 1949: Ceratophyllus gareiKoths.; (lark). 
Roubaud, igiy: Phormia azurea FaWen: (alouette). 
Seguy, 1946: Protocalliphora sp.; (alouette). 

— , ig^o: Protocalliphora sp.; (alouette). 

— , ig^i: Protocalliphora caerulea Kohmeziu-T)esvoidy; (alouette). 

Alauda sp. 

Seguy, 1929b: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. 

Alauda arvensis Linnaeus 
Allan, 1950: Ceratophyllus gareiKoihs.; (Alauda arvensis). 
Armstrong, 1953: Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae; (Alauda arvensis). 
Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 



415 

Audcent, 1942: Protocalliphora azurea Fall.; {Alauda arvensis arven- 

sis L. ) . 
Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus arvensis, IDzde; (skylark). 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L. 
Heinz, 1954: Protocalliphora sp.; (Alauda arvensis). 
Menegaux, 1939: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Des.), P. falcozi Se- 

guy; (Alauda arvensis). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.) ; 

(Alauda arvensis). 

— , 1936: Bemhidium obliquum Sturm, Galeruca tanaceti L., Cerat- 
ophyllus borealis Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.), Anurophorus laricis 
Nic, Lepidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb., Xenylla maritima Tullb. 

O'Mahony, 1941a: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; {Alauda a. arvensis L.). 
Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea; (Alauda arvensis). 
Rothschild, 1948: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 

— ■ , 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths.. Dasypsyllus 
gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen), Ceratophyl- 
lus fringillae Walker; (skylark). 
Rothschild, 1903: Ceratopsyllus arvensis, Dale; (skylark). 

— • , igi^: Ceratophyllus garei Koths,.; (Alauda arvensis). 
Seguy, 1932a: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; (Alauda arvensis). 

— , 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.). 

Wagner, 1930: Ceratophyllus arvensis Dale; (skylark in British Isles). 

— , 1932: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Alauda arvensis). 
Walsh, 1938: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker; (skylark). 

Waterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., Typhlopsylla agyrtes 
Heller; (Alauda arvensis). 

— , 1914: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (Alauda arvensis). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Alauda arvensis). 

Calandrella brachydactyla (Leisler) 
Sergeew, 1936: Ceratophyllus tesquorum; (Calandrella brachydactyla). 

Lullula arborea (Linnaeus) 
Ash, \^^2: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale). 

Owen and Ash, 1955: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (Lullula arbo- 
rea). 

Melanocorypha calandra (Linnaeus) 
Menegaux, 1939: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.), P. falcozi 
Seguy; (Melanocorypha calandra). 

Otocoris alpestris (Linnaeus) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (western horned lark). 
Seguy, 1946: Protocalliphora splendida (Macq.), P. splendida Macq.; 
(Otocoris alpestris). 



4i6 

Otocoris alpestris occidentalis McCall 

Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Family BOMBYCILLIDAE 
Bombycilla sp. 
Bezzi, 1922: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; (Ampelis). 

Bombycilla cedrorum Vieillot 

Dobroscky, iga^: Protocalliphora sp.; (cedar waxwing). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Herms, ig^o: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (cedar waxwing). 
Plath, 1919b: Phormia azurea Fallen; {Ampelis cedorum (sic) (Veil.) 
(sic)). 

Family GERTHIIDAE 
Certhia sp. 

Hesse, 1925: Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen; (Baumlaufer). 
Peus, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallijiae (Schr.) ; (Baumlaufer). 
Seguy, ig'^aa: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meigen); (grimpereau). 

— , ig^6: Neottiophilum praeustum; (grimpereau). 

— • , 1 g^o: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meigen); (grimpereau). 

— , ig^i: Neottiophilu?7i praeustum M-eigen; (grimpereau). 

Certhia brachydactyla Brehm 

Dampf, 191 1 : Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Certhia brachydactyla). 
Eichler, 1938b: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Gartenbaumlaufer). 

Certhia familiaris Linnaeus 

Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 

Bagnall, 1918 — 192 1: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (Certhia familia- 
ris) . 

Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Czerny, 1930: Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen. 

Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Hesse, 1923: Neottiophilum praeustum Meigen. 

Kemper, 1938a: Enicmus minutus L.; (Waldbaumlaufer). 

Menegaux, 1939: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meigen); (Certhia fami- 
liaris) . 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Certhia familiaris). 

— , 1936: Cryptophagus beringensis Sahib., Gnathoncus rotundatus 
Kug., Corticaria elongata Gyll., C. serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus 
L., Atheta nidicola Johans., A. nigricornis Thoms., Microglossa 
pulla Gyll., Carnus hemapterus Nitzsch, Phaonia querceti Bouche, 
Psychoda sp., Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Acanthia sp., Anur- 
ophorus laricis Nic, Enlomobrya marginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., 



417 

Lepidocyrtus cyaneus TuUb., L. lanuginosus Gmel., Xenylla mari- 
tima Tullb., Loensia variegata Latr., Neoneurus ductus Thorns., 
Tetramorium caespitosum L., PJiilopterus suhjlavescens Geoffr., 
Niremherge fuscescens Wall. 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Dasypsyllus gallinulae 
gallinulae (Dale); [Certhia jamiliaris (L.)). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Neottiopliilum praeustum (Meigen), Dasy- 
psyllus gallinulae (Dale); (tree-creeper). 

Seguy, 1929: Neottiopliilum praeustum (Meigen); (Certhia jamiliaris) . 
■ — • , I g'^2a: Neottiopliilum praeustum (Meigen); (Certhia Jamiliaris ). 
— ■ , 1934: Neottiopliilum praeustum (Meigen); {Certhia jamiliaris 
(L.)). 

Szekessy, 1950: Corticaria serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus L. ; (Certhia 
jamiliaris). 

Tate, 1954: Neottiopliilum praeustum (Meigen); {Certhia jamiliaris ja- 
miliaris L.). 

Family CHAMAEIDAE 

Chamaea sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (^ O. conjluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say). 

Family CINGLIDAE 
Undetermined 

Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. jringillina; (Cinclidae). 

Cinclus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. conjluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say), Ornithomyia jringillina Curtis, 
Pscudolynchia canariensis (Macq.) {^ Lynchia maura (Bigot) = 
Oljersia maura Bigot := Lynchia lividicolor Bigot). 

Heim de Balsac, 1938: Microglotta pulla. 

Seguy, 1944: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 

Cinclus cinclus (Linnaeus) 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921 : Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cinclus aquaticus). 

Britten, 1920: Ceratophyllus styx Koths.; (dipper). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (Cinclus 
aquaticus). 

Leslie and Shipley, 191 2: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (dipper). 

Pens, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Wasseramsel). 

Rothschild, 1948: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 
— , 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Dasypsyllus gallinulae gal- 
linulae (Dale). Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cinclus cinclus). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cinclus cinclus). 

Rothschild, 1901 : Ceratophyllus newsteadi Roths.; {Cinclus aquaticus). 



4i8 

Rothschild, 1915: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cinclus aquaticus). 

Seguy, ig/^.^: Dasypsyllus gallinulac (Dale). 

Shipley, 1909: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; {Cinclus aquaticus). 

— , 191 1 : Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (Cinclus aquaticus.) 

— , 1 9 1 1 a : Bird-flea ; (dipper). 

Thompson, 1952: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cinclus aquaticus). 

— , 1954a: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 

Wagner, 1903: Ceratophyllus newsteadi Roths.; [Cinclus aquaticus 

Brehm). 
Walsh, 1938: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cinclus aquaticus). 
Waterston, 1908: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; (Cinclus aquaticus). 

— , 1909: Ceratophyllus newsteadi Roths.; (C. aquaticus). 

— , 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. ; (Cinclus aquaticus). Cera- 
tophyllus gallinulae Dale; (C. aquaticus). 

— , 1 9 14: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; (C. aquaticus). 



Family COEREBIDAE 
Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Undetermined nematoce- 
ran, Pseudachorutes sp., Xenylla sp., undetermined corrodentia, 
Peripsocus pauliani Badonnel, Lepidopsocides sp., undetermined 
Phlaeothripidae, undetermined scale insect, undetermined specimen 
of Series Auchenorrhyncha, Isotomiella africana minor Del. -Deb.; 
(nectarinien). 

Family CORVIDAE 
Undetermined 

Bickhardt, 191 6: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Dendrophilus punctatus 

Hbst., Hister merdarius Hoffm. ; (Krahe). 
Braga, 1941: Ornitheza sp.; (gaios). 
Britten and Thompson, 1934: Morodora sp., Protocalliphora avium 

Shannon & Dobroscky; (crows in the United States). 
Bruce, 1936: Cryptophagus lapponicus GyW.: (crow). 
Dampf, 1908b: Ceratophyllus sciurorum, C. uralensis; (Krahenneste). 

— , 1^12: Ceratophyllus rossittensisDaxrvpi; (Krahe). 

Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp., collembola, Lacchoprosopa (sic) 
avium, oscinids, phorids, mycetophilids. Tinea carnariella, Entomo- 
brya assuata (sic), Isotoma arborea, Clausicella usitata; (crow). 

Donisthorpe, 1930: Atheta (Atheta) nidicola Johansen; (crow). 

— , 1931: Atheta nidicola; (crow). 

— - , 1937: Atheta nidicola Johan., A. trinotata Kr., A. nigricornis Th., 
A. corvina Th., Gnathoncus punctulatus Th.; (crow). 

— , 1939: Gnathoncus punctulatus Thoms., Atheta corvina Thorns., 
A. nidicola Johans. A. nigricornis Thoms., A. trinotata Kr., Xan- 
tholinus punctulatus Payk.; (crow). 



4^9 

Dorn, 191 3: Micro^lossa picipcnnis Gyll, Atheta coriaria, A. ni^ricomis; 

(Krahe). 
du Buysson, 1878: Dermestes bicolor; (corneille, geai). 
Eichler, i936d: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.), P. avium; 

(Krahe). 
Everts, 1922: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.; (crow). 
Falcoz, 1914: Atheta nigricornis Thorns.; (corneille). 
Fletcher, 1920: Culicoides spp.; (crow). Blood-sucking maggot; (nest of 

crow at Sohawa) . 
Gahan, 1933: Morodora armata Gahan, Protocalliphora avium Shannon 

& Dobroscky; (crows in Montana). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina avium (Shannon & Dobroscky); (crow in Mon- 
tana ) . 
Hendel, 1901: Calliphora chrysorrhoea Mg. ; (found in a raven's nest 

(probably crow's nest) ). 
Hindwood, 1951: Protocalliphora avium, undetermined insects, hymen- 

optera, dermestid. blood-sucking midges: (crow nest in western 

Montana). 
Hinton, 1945: Cryptophagus lapponicus Gyll., (crow). 

— , 1945a: Gnathoncus nanus (Scriba) : (crow). 
Horion, 1936a: Nemadus coloyioides Kr. ; (Krahennest). 

Jancke, 1938: Ccratophyllus fringillae (Walker) ; (crow's nest in Eng- 
land). 

Jellison, 1940a: Dermestids, Protocalliphora avium, Culicoides sp.; 
(crow). 

Johnson, 1925: Protocalliphora splendida Macq.; (crow). 

Joy, 1925: Ocys harpaloides (rufescens) ; (jay). 

Kemper, 1938a: Calliphora erythrocephala Meig.; (Krahe). 

Kirichenko, 1949: Ploiariola culiciformis, Peribalus vernalis, Brachy- 
carenus tigrinus, Heterogaster cathariae, Lygus kalmi; (Corvidae). 
Brachycarenus tigrinus, Aphanus alboacuminatus, Emblethis denti- 
collis; (crows). 

Knaus, 1928: Trox sp.; (crow's nest at Ottawa, Kansas). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Gnathojicus spp.; (Krahen). 

Leruth, 1935: Atheta nigricornis Thorns.: (corneille). 

Linke, 1906: Atheta testaceipes Heer, A. coriaria Kr. ; (Krahennest). 

— , 1927: ?Staphylinus olens M.u.\\.: (Krahennester). 

Linsley, 1944: Dermestes signatus Lee, Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst. ; 

(crow) . 
Mason, 1944: Protocalliphora sp.; (crow). 
Modeer, 1785: Hippobosca avicularia; (kraka). 
Olivier, 1905: Ornithomyia avicularia Meig.; (geais). 
Owen, ig^^.: Neottiophillum (sic) praeustum; (crow). 
Pens, 1938: Ccratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; (Corvidae). 

— , 1939: Ccratophyllus gar ei Roths.; (Krahe). 

Pletsch, 1948: Protocalliphora avium Shannon & Dobroscky; (crows in 
western Montana). 



420 

Rapp, 1933: Atomaria apicalis Er., Catops fuliginosus Er., C. kirbyi 
Spence, Atheta cadaverina Bris., A. seguanica Bris., Philonthus 
f uscus Gra.v.; (Krahe). 
— ■ , 1935: Clambus minutus Strm. [armadillus Redtb.), Atomaria 
apicalis Er., Catops fuliginosus Er., C. kirbyi Spence, Atheta cada- 
verina Bris., A. coriaria Kr., A. seguanica Bris., Philonthus fuscus 
Grav.; (Krahe). 

Robinson, 1941: Trox spp.; (crow). 

Rodhain and Bequaert, 1916: Calliphora chrysorrhoea; (corbeau). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen), Camus 
hemapterus Nitzsch, Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Monopsyllus 
sciurorum; (crow). 

Rothschild, 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinulae : (jay). 

Roubal, 191 7'. Philonthus fuscus Grav., Atheta angusta Er., Cercyon 
haemorrhoidalis F.; (Krahe). 

— , I g-^o : Dendrophilus pU7ictatus Hrhst.; (Cor7iix). 

Schmaus, 1936: Trox scaber, Dendrophilus punctatus, Hister merda- 
rius, Nemadus colonoides, Quedius mesomelinus, Philonthus fus- 
cus, Atheta nidicola; (Krahe). 

Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (kraai). 

Seguy, I939'. Hydrotaea nidicola Malloch; (corneille en Angleterre). 

— , 1944: Ceratophyllus fringillae (Walker) ; (corneille en Angle- 
terre). 

— , 1946: Hydrotaeta (sic) nidicola Malloch, Protocalliphora splen- 
dida (Macq.) ; (corneille). 

— , ig^i: Protocalliphora caerulea^oh.-T)e%v.; (corbeau). 

Sick, 1940: Hister merdarius Hoffm., Oxypoda vittata Mark., Dendro- 
philus punctatus Hbst.; (Krahe). 

Sokolowski, 1942: Nargus velox Spence, A'^. wilkini Spence {Dernochrus 
Thorns.), Catops westi Krog. ; (Krahennest). 

Szekessy, 1950: Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns.; (Krahe). 

Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fringillina; (Corvidae). 

— , 1938a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis; (Cor- 
vidae). 

Wagner, 1936a: Ceratophyllus rossittensis Dampf; (Krahe). 
Zirk, 1928: Atheta fungivora Thorns., A. angusticollis ravilla Er., A. 
nigricornis Thorns., Aleochara laticornis Kr. ; (Krahe). 

Aphelocoma sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (^ O. confluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say). 

Corvus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Lynchia tuberculata Ferris, Ornitheza metallica (Schi- 
ner), Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach), O. plicata, Ornithoica 
turdi, O. vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of most American 



421 

authors, not of Say), Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina 

Curtis, Pseudolynchia rufipes. 
Bezzi, ig22 : Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.)- 
Eichler, 1940: Protocalliphora avium Shannon &Dobroscky. 
Jelhson. ig4oa: Diptera, coleoptera. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Culicoides biguttatus. 
Roubaud, 191 7: Phormia azurea Fallen. 
Seguy, 1928: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Des\'. ; {?Corvus sp.). 

Corvus brachyrhynchos Brehm 

Bezzi, 1922: Protocalliphora rnetallica (Townsend) ; (Corvus ameri- 
canus). 

Coutant, 1915: Protocalliphora azurea; {Corvus brachyrhynchos bra- 
chyrhynchos Brehm). 

Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp., A. avium (Shannon & Dobroscky) ; (Corvus 
brachyrhynchos brachyrhynchos Brehm). 

Holland, 1954: Ceratophyllus swansoni h'lu. 

Jellison, 1940: Dermestes signatus Leconte, Protocalliphora avium 
Shannon & Dobroscky, Culicoides biguttatus Coquillett, Simulidae; 
(Corvus brachyrhynchos) . Culicoides sp., C. biggutatus (sic) Co- 
quillett; {Corvus brachyrhynchus (sic)). Mormoniella vitripennis 
Walker, Morodora armata Gahan; (PCorvus brachyrhynchos). 

Jellison and Philip, 1933: Protocalliphora avium Shannon & Dobr., 
Culicoides biguttatus Coq., Dermestes signatus Lee, Docophorus 
communis Nitz., Myrsidea subaequalis (Lyonet) ; (Corvus brachy- 
rhynchos). 

Plath, 1919a: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen). 

Robinson. 1941 : Trox aequalis, T. af finis. 

Corvus corax Linnaeus 
Falcoz, 1914: Hister merdarius Hoffm., Atheta nigricornis Thoms. ; 
(corbeau). 

— , 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L. 

Hinton, 1945a: Gnathoncus nannetejisis (Mars.), G. nanus (Scriba) ; 

(raven). 
Joy, 1930: Atheta nidicola, Atheta (Datomicra) zosterae Th. ; (Corvus 

corax). 
Leruth, i^'^^: Atheta nigricornis Thora?,.; (corbeau). 
Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.). 
O'Mahony, 1941 : Undetermined fleas; {Corvus c. corax L.). 

— , 1942: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.; {Corvus c. co- 
rax L.). 

Petry, Beer, and Hockemeyer, 1936: Borkhausenia procerella Schiff. ; 

(Rabenkolonie). 
Peus, 1941a: Ceratopsyllus rossittensis Dpi.; (?Kolkraben). 
Reichardt, 1941: Gnathoncus nanus (Scriba), G. nannetensis (Mars.); 

(corbeau). 



422 

Rosenberg, igi^: Microglossa 7iidicolaFdLirin.; (ravn). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. vagabunda Bohem., 

Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 
Seguy, 1929b: Protocalliphora caerulea R.-D.; {Corvus sp. (raven 

from North America) ) . 

— , ig'^2a.: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv. ) ; {Corvus sp. (raven 
from North America ) ) . 

— , 1936: Ornithortiyia avicularia (L.). 

— , 1946: Protocalliphora avium: {Corvus sp. (raven from North 
America) ). 

— , 1950: Protocalliphora avium, P. splendida Macq.; {Corvus sp. 
(raven from North America) ). 

Strobl, 1893: Calliphora chrysorrhoea Mg. ; (raven's nest taken at 

Graz). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L. ; (Corvus corax). 

Corvus cornix Linnaeus 
Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 
Dampf, 191 2: Ceratophyllus rossittensis T)a.mpi; (Nebelkrahe) . 

— , 1926: Ceratophyllus rossitte?isis Dampi; (Corvus cornix). 

— , 1945: Monopsyllus sciurorum (Schr.), Tarsopsyllus uralensis 
(Wagner) ; (Corvus cornix). 

Eichler, 1938b: Ceratophyllus rossittensis Dampf; {Corvus cor one cornix 
(Nebelkrahe)). 

Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura larnellata Collin, 
Leptometopa latipes Meigen. 

Herter, ig^"^: Protocalliphora sordida; (Nebelkrahe). 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus rossittensis (Dampf). 

Kemper, 1938a: Liposcelis divinatorius Mvill., Trogium pulsatorium 
L., Cryptophagus scanicus L., Corticaria puhescens Gyll., Emobius 
mollis L., Ptinus rufipes F.; (Nebelkrahe) . 

Kirichenko, 1949: Peribalus vernalis L., Brachycarenus tigrinus Schill., 
Heterogaster cathariae Schill., Aphanus quadratus F., A. alboacu- 
minatus Goeze, Lygus kalmi L., apterygota, Entomobryidae, Paede- 
rus riparius L., Acrostrichius (sic) grandicollis Munch., Tenebrio- 
ides mauritanicus L., Anthicus antherinus L., Formicomus sp., 
Tipulidae, Cypselidae, Platyptilia zetterstedti Z., Pterophorus mo- 
nodactylus L., undetermined insects, auchenorhyncha (sic), Miri- 
dae, Gerridae, Dromius sp., Adacantha melanura L., Trechus sp., 
lepidoptera. 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. sciurorum Schr., 
Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale; (Corvus comix). 

— , 1936: Emobius mollis L., Anterophagus (sic) sp., Cryptophagus 
beringensis Sahib., C. scanicus L., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., 
Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Plegaderus 
caesus Hbst., Saprinus nitidulus F., Corticaria pubescens Gyll., C. 
serrata Payk., Ptinus rufipes ¥., Nemadus colonoides Kr., Aleochara 



423 

villosa Mann., Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Grav., A. longicornis Grav., 
A. nidicola Johans., A. nigricornis Thorns., Microglossa pulla Gyll., 
Philonthus fuscus Grav., P. varians Grav., Hylemyia sp., Camus 
hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura lamellata Collin, Hypaspistomyia 
latipes Mg., Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. (Monopsyllus) sci- 
urorum Schr., Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale, Entomobrya marginata 
Tullb., E. nivalis L., Hypogastrura armata Nic, Liposcelis divina- 
torius (Miill.), Psocus sp., P. nebulosus Steph., Trogium pulsato- 
rium L., Philopterus occllatus Scop., Myrsidea gonophaea N., M. 
subaequalis Lyonet. 
Pens, 1939: Ceratophyllus rossittensis Dampf; (Corvus cor one comix 
(Nebelkrahen) ). 

— , 1941: Ceratopsyllus rossittensis Dampf; {Corvus comix comix 
L. (Nebelkrahe)). 

Seidel, 1932: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; {Corvus comix (Nebel- 
krahe) ). 

— , 1937: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 

Szekessy, 1948: Trogophloeus corticinus Grav., Ptenidium fuscicorne 
Er., Acrotrichis brevipennis Er. 
— ■ , 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Corticaria serrata Payk., 
Nemadus colonoides Kr., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Trogophloeus 
corticinus Grav., Acrotrichis brevipennis Er. ; (Corvus cornix). 



Corvus corone Linnaeus 

Ash, 1952: Ctenophthalmus agyrtes Roths. 

Britten, 1920: Ceratophyllus gallinae, C. fringillae; (carrion-crow). 

Collin, 1939: Leria (Heleomyza) brachyptema hw.; (carrion-crow). 

Donisthorpe, 1931a: Atheta nigricornis Th., A. nidicola John., A. trino- 
tata Kr., A. corvina Th., A. inoptata Sharp, Xantholinus punctula- 
tus Pk., Homalium rivulare Pk., Choleva tristis Pz., Gnathoncus 
punctulatus Th., Calliphora erythrocephala Mg. ; (carrion-crow). 

Dorn, 1913: Omithornyia avicularia L. 

Eichler, 1938b: Tarsopsylla octodecimdentatus Kolenati; (Corvus corone 
corone) . 

Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Holland, 1954: Ceratophyllus rossittensis Y^dim\)i. 

Kemper, 1938c: Calliphora erythrocephala; (Rabenkrahe) . 

Peus, 1941a: Ceratopsyllus rossittensis Tipi.; (Raubkrahe). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., Da- 
sypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 

Rothschild and Bossanyi, 1947: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. rossit- 
tensis Dampf, Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Atheta nidicola Johans., A. nigricornis 
Thoms., A. trinotata Kr., Meoneura neottiophila Collin, Neottio- 
philum praeustum (Meigen) ; (carrion-crow). Ceratophyllus ross- 
ittensis (Dampf) ; (Corvus corone). 



424 

Seguy, 1946: Protocalliphora sp.; (corneille noire). 
— • , ig^o: Protocallipliora s,p.; (corneille noire). 

Spittle, 1947b: Fly larvae, dust-lice, anthocorids, earwigs, fleas, spring- 
tails, wood lice, beetles, Dromius meridionalis Dej., Gnathoncus 
punctulatus Th., Melanophthalma juscula Gyll., Megasternum bo- 
letophagum Marsh.. Atheta harwoodi Will., A. nidicola Job., A. 
nigricornis Tho., A. trinotata Kr., Datomicra zosterae Th., Oligota 
atornaria Er., Omalium riparium Th., Oxytelus sculpturatus Gr., 
Quedius fulgidus F.; {Corvus c. corone L.). 

Wiilker, 1925: Vogelflohe, Wanzen; (Rabenkrahen). 

— , 1926: Ornitliomyia avicularia L.; (Corvus corone). 

Corvus frugilegus Linnaeus 

Audcent, 1942: Protocalliphora azurca Fall.; {Corvus frugilegus frugi- 
legus L.). 
Basden, 1933: Sciara agraria, S. vivida, S. quinquelineata: (rook). 

— , i^"^^: Hydrotaea nidicola M.di\\och; (rook). 

Blair, 1931: Atheta nigricornis Th., A. luridipennis Mann., A. trinotata 
Kr., Agriotes obscurus L., Agriotes sp., Aphodius luridus F., Ato- 
rnaria alpina Heer, Corticaria pubescens Gyll., Corymbites incanus 
Gyll., Enicmus minutus L., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Hister 
merdarius Hoff., Megasternum boletophagurn Marsh., Philonthus 
fuscus Gr., P. sordidus Gr., P. nigritulus Gr., Phosphuga atrata L., 
Quedius mesomelinus Marsh., Othius myrmecophilus Kies., Tri- 
chopteryx brevicornis Mots., Typhaea stercorea L., Anthomyia pro- 
cellaris Rdi., Bibio nigriventris Hal., Calliphora erythrocephala Mg., 
Hydrotaea occulta Mr., Lasiops sp., Leria brachypterna Lw., Lucilia 
sericata Mg., Mycetaulus bipunctatus Fin., Piophila varipes Mg., 
Tachista arrogans L., Callicerus sp.. Dacnusa sp., Mesocrina pug- 
natrix Marsh., Phygadeuon bidens Th., Lyctocoris campestris ¥., 
Smynthurus sp.; (rook). 

Collart, 1947a: Chiromyia (sic) inermis GoWin; (corbeau freux). 

Colling, 1933: Chiromyia (sic) (Gymnochiromyia) inermis Collin; 
(rook). 

— , 1939: Leria (Heleomyza) brachypterna hw.; (rook). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; 
(rook). 

Hindwood, 1951a: Coleoptera, diptera, hymenoptera, collembola; (rook 
in England). 

Huckett, 1954: Hydrotaea nidicola Malloch; {Corvus frugilegus in Eng- 
land). 

Menegaux, 1939: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Des.), P. falcozi Seguy; 
(Corvus frugilegus). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea: (Corvus frugilegus). 

Peus, 1941a: Ceratopsyllus rossittensis T)p(.; (?Saatkrahe). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.). 

Seguy, 1928: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. : (Trypanocorax fru- 
gilegus). 



425 

Seguy, 1932a: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-D.) ; (Trypanocorax fru- 
gilegus). 

— , ig^6: Protocalliphora sp.; (freux). 
— • , ig^o: Protocalliphora sp.; (freux). 

Thiem, 1906: Gnathoncus rotundatus F. ; (Corvus frugilegus). 

Corvus monedula Linnaeus 

Bequaert, 1942: Caryius hernapterus Nitzsch; {Colaeus (sic) mon- 
edula L. ) ) . 

— , 1953b: Ornithornyia avicularia (L.) ; {Coloeus %p.) . 
Bezzi, 1922: Camus hernapterus Nitzsch; (Coloeus). 

Bickhardt, 191 1: Hister merdarius Hoffm., Atheta nigricornis Thorns., 
Tenebrio molitor L. ; (Dohle). 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 
1952: Hojmannophila pseudospretella, Endrosis lactella, Tinaea 
(sic) pellionella, T. columbariella, Attagcnus pcllio, Tenebrio mo- 
litor, Ptinus fur, Lepisma saccharina, Metacoelus mansuetor, Apan- 
teles carpatus, Scenopinus jencstralis, Lyctocoris carnpestris: (jack- 
daw). 

Cooreman, 1947a: Ceratophyllus vagabunda (Boheman) ; {Coloeus mon- 
edula (L.)). 

Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus monedulae. Dale; (jackdaw). 

Dampf, 191 2: Ceratophyllus monedulae Wahlgren; (Dohle). 

de Meijere, 1928: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; (Corvus monedula). 

Donisthorpe, 1929: Atomaria morio Kolenati; (jackdaw). 

— , i^'^o: Atomaria morio 'K.o\.\ (jackdaw). 

— , ig-^is.: Philonthus fuscus; (jackdaw). 

— , 1937: Atheta nigricornis Th., Hypocyptus laeviusculus Mann., 
Philonthus fuscus Grav., Homalium rivulare Payk., H. rufipes 
Fourc; (jackdaw). 

— , 1938: Atomaria morio Kol.; (jackdaw). 

— , 1939: Eryx ater ¥., Atheta nigricornis Thorns., Homalium rivu- 
lare Payk., H. rufipes Fourc, Hypocyptus laeviusculus Mann., 
Philonthus fuscus Grav.; (jackdaw). Atomaria morio Kol., Rhyn- 
colus lignarius Marsh. 

Evans, 1906a: Ceratophyllus gallinae, C. newsteadi; (jackdaw). 

Everts, 1922: Ptomaphagus colonoides Kr.. Microglossa gentilis Liine- 
mann; (kauw). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., D. pygmaeus L., Hister 
merdarius Hoffm., Plegaderus caesus Hbst., Trox scaber L. ; Fal- 
agria obscura Grav., Microglossa picipennis Gyll., M. pulla Gyll., 
Philonthus fuscus Grav., Phyllodrepa ioptera Steph., P. puberula 
Bernhauer, Xantholinus (Gyrohypnus) angustatus Steph. Micro- 
glossa marginalis Grav.; (choucas). 

Gerhard, 1909: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Falagria obscura Grav., 
Quedius brevicomis Thoms., Euplectus karsteni Reichenb., Nema- 
dus colonoides Kr., Plegaderus dissectus Erichs. ; (Dohle). 

Hase, 1938: Cimex lectularius h.; {Colaeus (sic) monedulah.). 



426 

Heim de Balsac, 1938: Microglotta pulla; (choucas). 

Hennig, 1937: Carnus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Colaeus (sic) monedula 
spermologus Viell. (sic)). Meoneura neottiophila Collin; {Colaeus 
(sic) monedula h.). 

Hinton, 1945a: Dendrophilus punctatus (Hbst.) ; (jackdaw). 

Horvath, 1913: Cimex dissimilis Horvath; (jackdaw). 

Howe and Burges, 1952: Niptus hololeucus (Fald.) ; (jackdaw). 

Joy, 1932: Atomaria morio Kol.; (jackdaw). 

Kemper, 1938a: Cimex lectularius L., Dermestes lardarius L., D. muri- 
nus L., Tenebrioides mauretanicus (sic) L., Enicmus minutus L., 
Cartodere filiformis Gyll., Ptinus fur L., Tenebrio molitor L., Tinea 
fuscipunctella Hw., T. pellionella L., Fannia canicularis L.; 
(Dohle). 

Leleup, 1947c: Ptomophagus (sic) sericatus sbsp. medius Rey, Pteni- 
dium (Gressnerium.) Gressneri Er., Hister (s. str.) merdarius 
Hoffm., Dendrophilus punctatus Herbst, Gnathoncus Buyssoni Au- 
zat, G. nidicola Joy, Prionychus ater F., Mycetaea hirta Mnh. (sic), 
Priobium tricolor Oliv., Alphitophagus bifasciatus Say, Pentaphyl- 
lus testaceus Hellw., Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Grav. ; (choucas). 
Undetermined insects; {Coloeus monedula spermologus Vieil.). 

— , i947d: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Saprinus nitidulus F., Trox 
scaber L., Cardiophorus gramineus Sc. ; (Coloeus monedula sper- 
mologus (Vieill.)). 

— ,i947g: Ptomophagus (sic) varicornis (sic) Rosenh.; [Coloeus 
monedula spermologus (Vieill.)). 

Leruth, 1935: Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.; (choucas). 

— • , ig'^g: Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.; (choucas). 
Linke, 1906: Microglossa pulla Gyll.; (Dohle). 
Linsley, ig^^.: Dendrophilus punctatus Hhst.; (jackdaw). 
Lloyd, 1945: Attagenus pellio L., Niptus hololeucus Fall., small "clothes 

moths" ; (jackdaw) . 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. vagabundus Bohem.; 
{Colaeus (sic) monedula) . 

— , 1936: Byrrhus pilula L., Anterophagus (sic) sp., Cryptophagus 
beringensis Sahib., Dermestes lardarius L., D. murinus L., Dendro- 
philus punctatus Hbst., D. pygmaeus L., Gnathoncus punctulatus 
Thoms., G. rotundatus Kug., Hister cadaverinus Hoffm., H. car- 
bonarius Illig., H. merdarius Hoffm., H. neglectus Germ., H. pur- 
pur ascens Hbst., H. succicola Thoms., Hololepta plana Sutzer., 
Plegaderus caesus Hbst., Saprinus aeneus F., S. nitidulus F., Car- 
todere filiformis Gyll., Corticaria serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus 
L., Lathridius lardarius de Geer, Tenebroides (sic) mauretanicus 
(sic) L., Euplectus karsteni Reichenb., Ptinus (n. str.) fur L., 
Aphodius depressus Kug., A. foetens F., Geotrupes sylvaticus Panz., 
Trox sabulosus L., T. scaber L., Ptomophagus sericeus F., Acidota 
crenata F., Aleochara fuscipes F., A. sparsa Olcer., A. villosa Mann., 
Atheta (Acrotona) fungi Grav., A. (s. str.) nidicola Johans., A. 



42 7 

(s. str.) nigricornis Thorns., Crataraea suturalis Mannh., Micro- 
glossa pulla Gyll., Philonthus (s. str.) fuscus Grav., P. laminatus 
Creuz., Phyllodrepa floralis Payk., P. ioptera Steph., Tachinus 
rufipes DeGeer, Xantholinus tricolor F., Tenebrio molitor L., Car- 
nus hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura neottiophila Collin, Fannia 
canicularis L., Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr. ), C. vagabunda 
Bohem., Cimex lectularius L., Anurophorus laricis Nic, Entomo- 
brya marginata Tullb., Lepidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb., Brachysto- 
mella parvula Schaff., Xenylla maritima Tullb., Tinea fuscipunc- 
tella L., 7". pellionella L., Degeeriella varia N., Philopterus guttatus 
N., Myrsidea ajiathorax N.; {Colaeus (sic) moriedula h.) . 
O'Mahony, 1948: Ceratophyllus vagabunda insularis Roths.; {Corvus 
monedula spennologus Vieillot). 

— , ig^ga.: Trox scaber h.; (jackdaw). 
Parmenter, 1951: Ornithomyia avicularia; (?jackdaw). 
Paulian, 1943: Coleoptera, Trox scaber L.; (choucas). 

Reclaire and Van Der Wiel, 1936: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug. var. 
suturalis Gglb., G. buyssoni Auzat; (kauw). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. vagabunda Bohem., 
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). Ceratophyllus vagabunda 
insularis Roths.; {Corvus monedula spennologus Vieil.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem., C. vaga- 
bunda insularis; (jackdaw). 

Rothschild, 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinae; (jackdaw). 

Roubal, 1907: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Hister rnerdarius Hoffm., 
Atheta nigricornis Thoms., Tenebrio picipes Dft. ; (Corvus mone- 
dula). 

— , 1913: Necrophorus (sic) sepultor Charp., A^. vespilloides Hbst., 
Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh., P. ioptera Steph., Xantholinus angu- 
status Steph., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Atheta nigricornis Thorns., 
Microglossa marginalis Grav., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Dendro- 
philus pigmaeus (sic) L., Plegaderus caesus Hbst., Trox scaber L., 
Acanthias lectularia, fly larva; (jackdaw). 

Schaufuss, 1908: Atheta nigricornis Thoms., Dendrophilus punctatus L., 
Hister merdarius Hoffm., Tenebrio picipes Duft. ; (Corvus mone- 
dula). 

Scholz, 1931 : Lyctocoris campestris ¥.; (Dohle). 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.; (dohle). 

Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (kauwtje). 

Seguy, 1932a: Camus hemapterus (Nitzsch) ; (Coloeus). 

— , 1(^0^^: Camus hemapterus N\X.7.?,ch.; {Coloeus sp.) . 
■ — , ig^.].: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Coloeus sp.) . 

— , I g^6 : Car?ius hemapterus Nitzsch; {Coloeus sp.) . 
■ — , ig^o: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Coloeus sp.). 

Seidel, 1937: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; {Coloeus monedula L.). 
Sick, I g^^: Dendrophilus punctatus Hhst.; (Dohle). 

— , ig^o: Dendrophilus punctatus Hhst.; (Dohle). 



428 

Szekessy, 1950: Dermestes lardarius L., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., 
Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Cartodere filiformis Gyll., Corti- 
caria serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus L., Tenebrioides mauritani- 
cus L., Euplectus karsteni var. jalsus Bedel., Ptinus (n. str.) fur 
L., Trox scaher L., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Phyllodrepa floralis 
Payk., Tenebrio molitor h.; {Colaeus (sic) monedula) . 

Wahlgren, 1907: Ceratopliyllus monedulae Wahlgren; [Colaeus (sic) 
monedula L.). 

Waterston, 1906: Ceratopliyllus gallinae Schr., C. insularis Roths.; 
(Coruus monedula). 
— , 1914: Ceratopliyllus gallinulae Dale; (Corvus monedula). 
— ■ , ig22: Ceratopliyllus vagabundus Bohem. 

Wolffhugel, 19 10: Ceratopliyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; (Monedula turrium). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Scenopinus fenestralis (L.), Lyctocoris campestris 
(F.), Endrosis sarcitrella (L.), Hofmannopliila pseudospretella 
(Staint. ),Monopi^ weaverella (Scott) , Tine a columbariella (Wocke), 
T. pellionella (L.), Apanteles carpatus (Say), Metacoelus mansue- 
tor (Grav.), Lepisma saccharina L., Reduvius personatus (L.), 
Attagenus pellio (L.), Ptinus fur (L.), P. pusillus Sturm, Trox 
scaber (L.), Tenebrio molitor L. 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951: Apanteles carpatus Say, Tinaea (sic) 
columbariella Wocke, T. pellionella L.; {Corvus monedula sperm- 
ologus Vieill.). 

Cyanocitta sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (^O. confluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say). 

Cyanocitta cristata bromia Oberholser 

Hicks, 1953: Atheta (?) sp., Hippelates particeps (Beck.), Mesogramma 
marginata (Say), Liposcelis sp. (?); {Cyanocitta cristata cris- 
tata (L.)). 

Gyanocorax sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say). 

Cyanolyca sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona erythrocephala (Leach). 

Garrulus sp. 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ornitheza metallica (Schiner), Ornithomyia avicularia 
(L.), O. fringillina Curtis. 

Garrulus glandarius (Linnaeus) 
Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus garruli. Dale; (jay). 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornitheza metallica (Schiner), Ornithomyia avicularia L.; 

(geai). 



429 

Menegaux, 1939: Ornithornyia avicularia (L.) ; (Garrulus glandarius 

L.). Ornitheza metallica (Schiner). 
Rothschild, 1952: Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 
Seguy, 1932a: Ornitheza metallica Schiner; (Garrulus glandarius). 

— , 1936: Ornithornyia avicularia (L.); {Garrulus glandarius L.). 
Ornitheza metallica (Schiner). 

Wiilker, 1925: Vogelflohe, Wanzen; (Eichelhaher) . 

— , 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia h.; (Garrulus glandarius). 

Kitta sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica pusilla, Ornithomyia avicularia (L.). 

Nucifraga caryocatactes (Linnaeus) 

Dampf, 1926: Ceratophyllus uralensis Wagner; (Nucifraga caryocatac- 
tes). 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus uralensis (Wagner); {Nucifraga caryo- 
catactes L.). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Ceratophyllus uralensis Wagn.; (Nuci- 
fraga caryocatactes). 

Seidel, 1937: Tarsopsylla octodecimdentatus Kol.; {Nucifraga caryo- 
catactes L.). 

Perisoreus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (^ O. confluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say) . 

Perisoreus canadensis (Linnaeus) 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say); 
(Barbour's jay). 

Pica sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of most 

American authors, not of Say), Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. 

fringilliyia Curtis. 
Britten and Thompson, 1934: Morodora sp., Protocalliphora avium 

Shannon & Dobroscky; (magpies in the United States). 
Bruce, 1936: Cryptophagus lapponicus GyW.; (magpies). 
Clarke, 1941: Martyrhilda klamathiana (Walsingham) ; (magpie). 
Donisthorpe, 1930a: Microglossa saturalis (sic) Sahib., Homalium de- 

planatum GylL, H. concinnum Marsh., Dendrophilus punctatus 111., 

Hister merdarius Hoffm.; (?magpie). 
— • , 1931: Atheta nidicola; (magpie). 

— , ig-^ia.: Philonthus fuscus; (magpie). 

— , 1937: Atheta nidicola Johan., A. indubia Sharp, Philonthus fuscus 
Grav. ; (magpie). 

— , 1939: Atheta indubia Sharp, A. nidicola Johans., Philonthus fus- 
cus Gra.v.; (magpie). 



430 

du Buysson, 1878: Dermestes hicolor; (pie). 

Everts, 1922: Quedius ochripennis Menetr. ; (magpie). 

Horvath, 1913: Cimex dissimilis Horvath; (magpie). 

Jellison, 1940a: Dermestids, Protocalliphora avium, Culicoides sp.; 

(magpie). Diptera, coleoptera, moths, hymenoptera. 
Kemper, 1938a: Cartoderc filiformis GyW.; (Elster). 

— , ig^8c : Forficula auricularia; (Elster). 

Kirichenko, 1949: Brachycarenus tigrinus, Aphmius alboacuminatus, 
Emhlethis denticollis; (magpie). Metapoplax (sic) origani Kol., 
Ploiariola culicijormis Deg., Triphleps minuta L.; (speckled mag- 
pie). 

Leleup, 1947c: Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug.; (pie). 

Linke, 1934: Atheta triangulum Kr. ; (Elstergenist). 

Linsley, 1944: Anthrenus occidens Csy., Dermestes signatus Lee, D. 
talpinus Mann.; (magpie). 

— , 1946: Anthrenus occidens Casey; (magpie). 
Macquart, 1835: Ornithomyia sp.; (pie). 
Mason, 1944: Protocalliphora avium; (magpie). 
Modeer, 1785: Hippohosca avicularia; (skata). 
Olivier, 1905: Ornithomyia avicularia Meig. ; (pie). 

Rapp, 1933: Atheta nidicola Johan., A. nigricornis Thoms., Phloeopora 
teres Grav. {corticallis Grav.), Phyllodrepa nigra Grav. ; (Elster). 

— , 1935: Atheta coriaria Kr., A. nidicola Johan., A. nigricornis 
Thoms., Phloeopora teres Grav., Phyllodrepa nigra Grav.; (Elster). 

Rothschild, 1952: Orchopeas wickhami (Baker). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Culicoides biguttatus. Protocalliphora azurea 
(Fallen) ; (magpie). 

Roubal, 191 3: Necrophorus (sic) sepultor Charp., A'', vespilloides Hbst., 
Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh., P. ioptera Steph., Xantholinus angu- 
status Steph., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Atheta nigricornis Thomps., 
Microglossa marginalis Grav., Hister merdarius Hoffm., Dendro- 
philus pygmaeus L., Plegaderus caesus Hbst., Trox scaber L., 
Acanthias (sic) lectularia, i\y \a.rv2i; (magpie). 

Sokolowski, 1942: Sciodrepoides fumatus Spence; (Elster). 

Pica pica (Linnaeus) 
Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; [Pica rustica Scop., Pica 

caudata L.). 
Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura lamellata Collin; 

[Pica pica L.). 
Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; {Pica pica L,.). 
Joy, 1930: Atheta nidicola, Catops fumata; (Pica pica). 
Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; {Pica pica galliae Kleinschmidt). 
Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; {Pica pica L.). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.); 

(Pica pica). 



43' 

Nordberg, 1936: Cryptophagus beringensis Sahib., Dendrophilus pyg- 
maeus L., Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., G. rotundatus Kug., 
Cartodere filiformis Gyll., Aphodius prodromus Illig., Atheta (vs. 
str.) nidicola Johans., A. picipennis Mann., Micro glossa pulla 
Gyll., Philonthus varians Grav., Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, 
Meoneura lamellata Collin, Psychoda sp., Ceratophyllus borealis 
Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.), Entomobrya marginata Tullb., E. nivalis 
L., Hypogastrura armata Nic, Xenylla maritima Tullb., Sminthu- 
rinus niger Lubb., Liposcelis silvarum Kbe., Myrsidea picae 
Denny; {Pica pica L,.). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea; (Pica pica). 

Rothschild, 1948: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 

— , 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. vagabunda Bohem. 
Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; {Pica rustica Scop., Pica 

caudata L.). 

— , 1946: Neottiophilum praeustum Nitzsch. 

Szekessy, 1950: Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns., Cartodere filiformis 

Gyll. ; (Pica pica). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Pica pica). 

Pica pica fennorum Lonnberg 
Kirichenko, 1949: Brachycarenus tigrinus Schill., Melanocoryphus tris- 
trami Dgl., Plinthisus hungaricus Horv., Lampodema (sic) mau- 
rum L., Aphanus alboacuminatus Goeze, Emblethis denticollis 
Horv., Ploiariola culiciformis Deg., Lygus kalmi L., diptera, Chal- 
cididae, Anthicus sp., Chrysopa sp. 

Pica pica hudsonia (Sabine) 

Foote and Pratt, 1954: Culicoides crepuscularis Malloch; (magpie nest 
in Montana). Culicoides palmerae James; (magpie nest in Colo- 
rado ) . 

Gahan, 1933: Morodora armata Gahan, Protocalliphora avium Shannon 
& Dobroscky; (magpies in Montana). 

Hall, 1948: Apaulina avium (Shannon & Dobroscky) ; (magpie in Mon- 
tana). Apaulina sp. 

Hindwood, 1951: Undetermined insects, Protocalliphora avium, hymen- 
op tera, dermestid, blood-sucking midges; (magpie nest in western 
Montana). 

Hubbard, 1947: Ceratophyllus niger niger C.Fox; (magpie in Montana). 

Jellison, 1940: Leptoglossus occidentalis Heideman, Dermestes signatus 
Leconte, D. lardarius L., Anthrenus occidens Casey, Amara sp., 
Paramegatoma monticola Casey, Dolopius lateralis Escholtz, Gnath- 
oncus sp., Lytta cyanipennis Say, Canthon simplex Le Conte, 
Helops convexulus Le Conte, Mompha sp.. Tinea sp., Culicoides sp., 
Culicoides crepuscularis Malloch, Protocalliphora avium Shannon 
& Dobroscky, P. sialia Shann. & Dobr., ants, Mormoniella vitripen- 
nis Walker, Morodora armata Gahan, Lebia sp., Lytta cyanipennis 



432 

Le Conte, Geomyzidae, Megaselia sp., Muscina assimilis Fallen, Em- 
poasca sp., Agonopteryx kalmathiana (sic) Walsingham. Dermestes 
talpinus Mannerheim; {Pica pica hudsonius (Sabine)). Protocalli- 
phora silia (sic) Shan. & Dobr. ; (magpie nest in Douglas County, 
Washington). 

Jellison and Philip, 1933: Protocalliphora avium Shan. & Dobr., Hyle- 
mia (sic) sp., Culicoides crepuscularis Mall., Dermestes signatus 
Lee, D. talipinus (sic) Mann., Anthrenus occidens Casey, Helops 
convexulus Lee, Cratraea (sic) sp., Mormoniella vitripennis 
Walker, Morodora armata Gahan, tineids, Docophorus communis 
Nitz., Myrsidea eurysternum (Nitz.) ; (Pica p. hudsonicus). 

Pletsch, 1948: Protocalliphora avium Shannon & Dobroscky; (magpies 
in western Montana). 

Wolfson, 1955: Culicoides; (magpie). 

Pyrrhocorax sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornitheza ryie tallica (Schiner). 

Pyrrhocorax graculus (Linnaeus) 

Jordan, 1926: Cerate phyllus vagabunda alpestris Jordan; (Pyrrhocorax 
graculus). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem., C. 
borealis Roths., Trichopsylla homoeus Roths. ; (Pyrrhocorax gra- 
culus). 

Peus, 1939: Ceratophyllus vagabunda alpestris Jordan, Frontopsylla 
frontalis Roths.; (Pyrrhocorax graculus). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem., C. vagabunda al- 
pestris Jordan; (Pyrrhocorax graculus L.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus vagabunda Bohem.; (Pyrrho- 
corax graculus). 

Rothschild, 1909: Ceratophyllus frontalis Roths.; (Pyrrhocorax alpinus). 

Seguy, 1944: Ceratophyllus vagabunda (Bohem.). 

Smit, 1952: Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis frontalis (Roths.), Chae- 
topsylla homoea Roths.; (Pyrrhocorax graculus). 

Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus frontalis; (Pyrrhocorax alpinus). 
— ■ , 1922: Ceratophyllus vagabundus Bohem.; (Pyrrhocorax gracu- 
lus). 

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax (Linnaeus) 
Peus, 1939: Ceratophyllus vagabunda alpestris Jordan, Frontopsylla 

frontalis Roths.; (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax). 
Wagner, 1930: Frontopsylla frontalis Roths.: (Pyrrhocorax pyrrho- 
corax). 

Uroleuca sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say). 



433 

Xanthoura sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona fusciventris. 

Uncertain Position 

Peus, 1 941: Moyiopsyllus sciurorum Schr. ; (Corvus c. pulchroniger 
KL). Ceratophyllus rossittensis Dampf; (Corvus corone pulchron- 
iger Kl). 

Family GRACTICIDAE 
Gymnorhina tibicen (Latham) 
Hindwood, 1947: Maggots, wasps; (Gymnorhina tibicen). 

Family DENDROCOLAPTIDAE 
Undetermined 

Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951: Triatoma platensis Neiva: (Dendro- 
colaptidae). 

Mazza, 1936: Triatoma injestans; (?DendrocoIaptidae). Psammolestes 
coreodes Bergroth; (Dendrocolaptidae). 

Mazza, Basso, and Basso, 1936: Psammolestes coreodes Bergroth; (Den- 
drocolaptidae). 

Mazza and Jorg, 1938: Triatoina platensis Neiva; (Dendrocolaptidae). 

Mazza and Paterson, 1938: Psammolestes coreodes Bergroth; (Dendro- 
colaptidae). 

Mazza and Schreiber, 1938: Psammolestes coreodes; (Dendrocolaptidae). 

Pinto and Lent, 1935: Psammolestes sp.; (Dendrocolaptidae). 

Lepidocolaptes sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona fusciventris. 

Xiphocolaptes albicollis (Vieillot) 
Seguy, 1946: Philornis angustifrons Loew; (Xiphocolaptes albicollis). 
— ■ , 1950: Philornis angustifrons Loew; (Xiphocolaptes albicollis). 

Family DULIDAE 

Dulus sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Philornis pici Macq. 
— , I g^o: Philornis pici Macq. 

Family FORMICARIIDAE 
Grallaria sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona fusciventris. 

Thamnophilus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona fusciventris. 



434 

Family FRINGILLIDAE 
Undetermined 

Argyropulo, 1935: Frontopsylla frontalis gud Argyropulo: (fringillid). 
Colyer and Hammond, 1951: Neottiophilum pracustum Meig.; 

(finches). 
Dale, 1890: Ceraiophyllus frijigillae Walker; (finches). 
Edwards. 1925a: Aphiochaeta rata, Tephrochlamys flavipes, Piophila 

varipes; (finch). Sciara hispida, Docosia fumosa, cecidomyiid, La- 

siomma eriophthalma, L. meadei (?"). Anthomyia pluvialis, A. pro- 

cellaris, Sapromyza decempunctata, Geomyza frontalis, Chiromyia 

(sic) sp. n. {?), Meoneura obscurella; (?finch). 
Engel, 1920: Neottiophilum pracustum Mg. : (Fink). 
Ewing, 1924: Ceratophyllus niger Fox: (sparrow at Fruitvale, Cali- 
fornia). 
Fowler, i^^^: Microglossa pullaGyW.; (finch). 
Fox. 1909: Ceratophyllus niger ¥o\: (sparrow (fringillid)). 
Frauenfeld. von. 1868: Neottiophilum fringillarum von Frauenf.; 

(Fink). 
Froeschner. 1954: Ceuthophilus pallidus Thomas; (burrowing sparrow). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina hirudo (Shan. & Dobr.) ; (sparrow or goldfinch 

(Colorado)). 
Hesse, 1923: Neottiophilum pracustum Meig.: (Fink). 
Hubbell, 1936: Ceuthophilus pallidus Thomsis; (burrowing sparrow). 
Jellison and Good. 1942: Ceratophyllus niger Fox: (sparrow (Fring- 

illidae)). 
Keilin, 1924: Neottiophilum praestum (Meig.): (finch). 
Mazza and Schreiber. 1938: Triatoma infestans: (sparrows (probably 

Fringilla sp.) ). 
Menegaux. 1939: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker: (sparrows and other 

fringillids). 
Owen, ig^/^: Neottiophillum (sic) pracustum: (finch). 
Petry, Beer, and Hockemeyer, 1936: Tinea lapclla Hb. ; (Fink). 
Peus, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; (Fink). 
Riedel, 1898: Neottiophilum pracustum Meig.; (Fink). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Camus hcmapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura neot- 

tiophila Collin, Neottiophilum pracustum (Meig.), Ceratophyllus 

gallinulae (Dale); (finch). 
Seguy, 1923a: Lasiomma roederi Kowarz; (pinson). 
— ■ , ig32a: Neottiophilum pracustum (Meig.), Mormojiiella brevi- 

cornis Ashmea-d; (pinson). 

— , 1^4.6: Anthomyia sp., Lasiomma sp., Protocalliphora sp.; (pinson). 
Protocalliphora sp.; (bruant). 

— , ig^o: Anthomyia sp.. Protocalliphora sp.. Lasiomma sp.; (pinson). 
Protocalliphora sp.; (bruant). 

— , 1 951: Neottiophilum pracustum Meig., Protocalliphora caerulea 
Rob.-Desv. ; (pinson). 



435 

Smit, 1952: Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) frontalis gud Argyropulo; (nest 

of "Fringillidae (?)" in Caucasus). 
Stobbe, 1 913: Neottiophilum sp.; (Fink). 
Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fringillina; (Fringillidae). 

— . 1938a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis; (Frin- 
gillidae ) . 

Wagner, 1938: Frontopsylla frontalis gud Arg. ; (fringillid). 
— - , 1939: Ceratopliyllus fringillae Walk.; f Fringillidae). 

Ammodramus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say). 

Atlapetes sp. 

Bequaert. 1953b: Ornithoctoyia fusciventris; (Atlatepetes (sic) sp.). 

Calcarius sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia sp. 

Calcarius lapponicus (Linnaeus) 
^Vulker. 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Calcarius lapponicus). 

Carduelis sp. 

Bequaert. 1953b: Ornitheza metallica (Schiner), Ornithomyia avic- 
ularia (L.). 
Seguy, 1923a: Chortophila (Chortophila) cannahina Stein; (linotte). 
— • , 1929: Chortophila (Chortophila) cannabina Stein; (linotte). 

— , 1 g^2di: Chortophila cannabina Stein; (linotte). 

— , 1946: Chortophila cannabina; (linotte). Passeromyia longicornis 
Macq. 

— ■ . 1950: Hylemyia cannabina; (linotte). Passeromyia longicornis 
Macq. 

— . ig^i : A^eottiophilum praeustum M-tig.; (linotte). 

Carduelis cannabina (Linnaeus) 
.^sh, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 

Bezzi, 1922: Chortophila cannabina Stein: (Acanthis cannabina). 
Collin. 1939: Botanobia fascipes Becker; (linnet). 
Czerny, 1930: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig. ; (Hanfling). 
Edwards, 1925a: Tinea lappella (sic), Monpis (sic) rusticella, ichneu- 

monid; (linnet). 
Eichler, i936d: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig., Chortophila cannabina 

Stein ; ( Bluthanf ling ) . 
Hesse, 1925: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.; (Hanfling). 
Jeffery. 1922: Ceratophyllus garei; (Linota cannabina). 



436 

Keilin, 1924: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.); {Acanthis canabina 
(sic)). 
— -, i^2^2i: Neottiophilu77i praeustum; (Acanthis cannabina). 
Menegaux, 1939: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig); (Acanthis canna- 

bina). 
Rothschild, 1952: C eratophyllus garei Koths. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.) ; (linnet). 
Seguy, 1929: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.); (Acanthis cannabina). 

— , 1932a: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.) ; (Acanthis cannabina). 

— , 1934: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.) ; {Aca7ithis cannabina 
(L.)). 

Stein, 1915: Chortophila cannabina Stein; (Hanfling). 

Tate, 1954: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.) ; [Carduelis cannabina 

cannabina (L.) ). 
Thompson, 1937c: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Acanthis cannabina 

cannabina (L.) ). 
Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus garei R.oths.; (Plinnet). 

Carduelis carduelis (Linnaeus) 
Owen, 1954: Passeromyia longicornis; (Carduelis carduelis) . 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths. 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (goldfinch). 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.) ; (Carduelis carduelis). 
Verdcourt, 1945: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (goldfinch at Fancot). 

Carduelis spinus (Linnaeus) 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.). 

Carpodacus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) {= O. confluenta of most 

American authors, not of Say) . 
Bezzi, 1922: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp., A. cuprina Hall, A. basingeri Hall; (house 

finch in California). 
Linsley, 1944: Anthrenus lepidus, A. occidens Csy., Attagenus nigripes 

Csy., A. schafferi Hbst., Derrnestes signatus Lee, Endrosis lac- 

tella (D. & S.), Hofmannophila pseudospretella (Staint.); (house 

finch) . 
Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Lepidoptera; (house finch). 

Carpodacus (Burrica) mexicanus (Miiller) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (California linnet). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp.; [Carpodacus mexicanus frontalis (Say) ). 

Apaulina basingeri Hall, A. cuprina Hall; (house finch from Cali- 
fornia). 
Linsley, 1946: Anthrenus lepidus Lee, Attagenus nigripes Casey, En- 



437 

drosis sarcitrella (L.), Hofmannophila pseudosprctella (Staint.);, 
(Carpodacus mexicanus frontalis). 

Pitelka, 1954: Bomhus caligmosus (Frison), Hofmannophila pseudospre- 
tella (Staint.); {Carpodacus mexicanus (Miiller)). 

Plath, 1919a: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (Carpodacus mexicanus 
frontalis). 
— , 1919b: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen), undetermined blood- 
sucking larvae, Nasonia brevicornis (Girault) ; {Carpodacus mexi- 
canus frontalis (Say) ). 

Carpodacus (Carpodacus) purpureus californicus Baird 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (California purple finch). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp.; {Carpodacus purpureus californicus Baird). 
Herms, 1950: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (California purple 

finch ) . 
Plath, 1919a: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (Carpodacus purpureus 
californicus). 
— ■ , 1919b: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); {Carpodacus purpureus 
californicus Baird). 

Carpodacus (Carpodacus) purpureus purpureus (Gmelin) 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say); 

(purple finch). 
Morgan, 1944: Larvae of blood-sucking flies; (purple finch). 

Chloris chloris (Linnaeus) 
Baker, 1904: Ceratophyllus fringillae (Walker) Baker; (Chloris 

chloris). 
Basden, 1933: Sciara ?autumnalis; (greenfinch). 
Bequaert, 1953b: Or?iithomyia fringillina Curtis; {Chloris sp.). 
Collart, 1947a: Chiromyia (sic) m^rmw Collin; (verdier). 
Collin, 1933: Chiromyia (sic) (Gymnochiromyia) inermis Collin; 

( greenfinch ) . 
Cornelius, 1869: Scymnus sp., Coccinella bipunctata; (Fringilla chloris). 
Czerny, 1930: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.; (Griinfink). 
Dorn, 1913: Tinea lapella Hbn.; {Chloris chloris L.). 
Douglas, 1 871: Scymnus sp., Coccinella bipunctata; (Fringilla chloris). 
Edwards, 1925a: Neottiophilum praeustum, Tinea lappella (sic),. 

Monpis (sic) rusticella, ichneumonid ; (greenfinch). Endrosis fene- 

strella; { ?greenf inch ) . 
Eichler, I936d: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.; (Griinling). 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis; (verdier). 
Ford, 1929: Tinea lapella, T. pellionella. Mono pis rusticella, Endrosis 

lactella, Borkhausenia pseudosprctella, B. fuscescens, Pyralis co- 

stalis,P. glaucinalis; (greenfinch). 
Hesse, 1925: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.; (Griinfink). 
Keilin, i<^2^: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.); (greenfinch). 



438 

Malloch, 1908: Neottiophilum praeustum Mg. ; (greenfinch). 
Menegaux, 1939: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.) ; (Chloris chloris). 
Olivier, 1904: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walk.: (Fringilla chloris). 
O'Mahony, 1939a: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale) : (Chloris c. chloris 

(L.)). 
Richards, 1949: Phygadeuon bitinctus (Gmel. ); (?greenfinch. 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., Dasypsyllus gallinulae 

gallinulae (Dale). 
Seguy, ig2g: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.); {Chloris chloris h.) . 

— , 1932a: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis; (Chloris chloris L.). 
Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.) ; (verdier, Chloris chloris). 

— , 1934: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.); {Chloris chloris L.). 
• — ■ , 1946: Neottiophilum praeustum; (verdier). 

— , 1950: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.); (verdier). 

— , 195 1 : Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.; (verdier). 

Tate, 1954: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.); {Chloris chloris 

chloris (L.) ). 
Thompson, 1937c: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; {Chloris chloris 

chloris (L.) ). 
Walsh, 1938: Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale; (greenfinch). 
Waterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus galliyiae Schrk.; (Ligurinus chloris). 

— , ii^og: Ceratophyllus newsteadi^oih?,.; {L. chloris). 

— , 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (L. chloris). 
Wvilker, 1926: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis; (Chloris chloris). 

Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Linnaeus). 

Leslie and Shipley, 191 2: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (hawfinch). 

Owen and Ash, 1955: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (Coccothraustes 
coccothraustes) . 

Rothschild, igi^2: Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 

Rothschild, 1901: Ceratophyllus newsteadi Roths.; (Coccothraustes vul- 
garis). 

Seguy, 1944: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale). 

Shipley, 1909: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (Coccothraustes vulgaris). 

— , 191 1 : Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (Coccothraustes vulgaris). 

— , 191 la: Bird-flea; (hawfinch). 

Wagner, 1903: Ceratophyllus newsteadi Roths.; {Coccothraustes vul- 
garis Briss.). 

Diuca sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia remota. 

Emberiza sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornitheza metallica (Schiner), Ornithomyia fringillina 
Curtis. 

Seguy, 1929b: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv.; {Emberiza sp., Mi- 
liaria sp.). 



439 

Emberiza calandra Linnaeus 
Pavay-Vajna, von, 1909: Protocalliphora azurea Fallen. 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths., Dasypsyllus gallinulae 

gallinulae (Dale). 
Seguy, 1928: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. ; (Miliaria calandra) . 

— , 1932a: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.); (Miliaria calan- 
dra). 

— • , ig^6: Protocalliphora sp.; (bruant proyer) . 

— , ig^o: Protocalliphora ?,p.; (bruant proyer) . 

Emberiza citrinella Linnaeus 

Audcent, 1942: Protocalliphora azurea Fall.; {Emberiza citrinella ci- 
trinella L. ) . 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. gallinulae Dale; 
(Emberiza citrinella) . 

Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus citrinellae, Dale; (yellow hammer). 

Jordan, 1928: Ceratophyllus gallinulae gallinulae Dale; (Emberiza 
citrinella) . 

Menegaux, 1939: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.), P. falcozi se- 
guy; (Emberiza citrinella). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea: (Emberiza citrinella) . 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., Da- 
sypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 

Rothschild, 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinulae; (yellow hammer). 

Seguy, ig2S: Protocalliphora caerulea Koh.-'Desv.; (Emberiza citrinella). 

— , 1932a: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; (Emberiza ci- 
trinella). 

— , ig^^: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale). 

Seidel, 1932: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Emberiza citrinella). 

— , ig-^y: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 

Wagner, 1932: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Emberiza citrinella). 
Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Emberiza citrinella). 

Emberiza hortulana Linnaeus 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker; (Emberiza hortulana). 

— ■ , 1936: Ophonus pubescens Panz., Sitona lineatus L., Xantholinus 

ochraceus Gyll., Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker, Anurophorus la- 

ricis Nic, Entomobrya marginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., Xenylla ma- 

ritima Tullb. 

Emberiza schoeniclus (Linnaeus) 

Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths. 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Emberiza schoenic- 
lus). 

Collin, 1939: Elachiptera uniseta Collin; (reed-bunting). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., Da- 
sypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 



440 

Fringilla sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis. 
Kolenati, 1863: Trichopsylla ? fringillae Stephens. 
Patton, 1920: Phormia azurea; (chaffinches in Edinburgh). 
Seguy, 1929b: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. 

— , 1930: Anthomyia pluuialis L. 

Fringilla coelebs Linnaeus 

Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale); 

{Fringilla coelebs (L.) ). 
Audcent, 1942: Protocalliphora azurea Fall.; {Fringilla coelebs coelebs 

Barrett, 1865: Tinea rustic ella, T. fuscipunctella, T. ganomella (Lla- 

pella) ; (chaffinch). 
Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 

Bezzi, 1922: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.) ; (Fringilla coelebs). 
Cooreman, i^^'jh: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale). 
Czerny, 1930: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig. 
Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus friyigillae, Steph.; (chaffinch). 
Dorn, 1913: Neottiophilum praeustum Mg. 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; 

(chaffinch). 
Eichler, i936d: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.; (Buchfink). 
Ford, 1929: Tinea lapella, T. pellionella, Monopis rusticella, Endrosis 

lactella, Borkhausenia pseudospretella, B. juscescens, Pyralis co- 

stalis, P. glaucinalis; (chaffinch). 
Fordham, 1935: Opsolasia roederi Kow.; (chaffinch). 

— , ig^^: Neottiophilum sp.; (chaffinch). 
Godan, ig^aa.: Ptinus fur h.; (Buchfink). 

Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura lamellata Collin. 
Hesse, 1923: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig. 

— • , 1925: Neottiophilum praeustum Meig.; (Buchfink). 
Jacobsen, 1940: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Fringilla coelebs). 
Keilin, 1924: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.); {Fringilla coelebs, 
chaffinch). 

— , 1924a: Moth larvae or pupae, Anthomyia procellaris L., A. plu- 
uialis L., Phormia azurea; (Fringilla coelebs). 

Kemper, 1938a: Lachesilla pedicularia L., Enicmus minutus L., Ptinus 

furl..; (Buchfink). 
Menegaux, 1939: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.), Protocalliphora 

caerulea (Rob.-Desv.), P. falcozi Seguy; (Fringilla coelebs). 
Murray, 1934: Coryphium angusticolle Steph.; (old chaffinch's nest). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. fringillae Walker, C. 

gallinae (Schr.) ; (Fringilla coelebs). 

— , 1936: Syneta betulae F., Zeugophora subspinosa F., Cryptophagus 
beringensis Sahib., Apion simile Kirby, Orchestes rusci Hbst., Den- 
drophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Enicmus 
minutus L., Ptinus (n. str.) fur L., Aleochara sparsa 01cer.> 



441 

Atheta (s. str.) nidicola Johans., A. (s. str.) nigricornis Thorns.. 
Microglossa pulla Gyll., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Camus hemapte- 
rus Nitzsch, Meoneura lamellata Collin, helomyzid, Ceratophyllus 
fringillae Walker, C. gallinae (Schr. ), Anurophorus laricis Nic, 
Entomohrya marginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., Xenylla maritima 
Tullb., Lachesilla pedicularia (L.), Peripsocus phaeopterus Steph., 
Liposcelis silvarum Kbe., Psocus nebulosus Steph., Philopterus 
suhflavescens Geoff r. 
O'Mahony, 1939: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.: {Fringilla c. gengleri 
Klein.). 

— . I93ga: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale); {Fringilla c. gengleri 
Klein.). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea; (Fringilla coelehs). 
Rothschild, 1948: Ceratophyllus horealis Roths. 

— , 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., Dasypsyllus 
gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Gnathoncus sp. ; (chaffinch). 

Seguy, 1929: Anthomyia pluvialis L., A. procellaris Rondani, Lasiomrna 

roederi Kowarz, Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.) ; {Fringilla cae- 

lebs (sic) ). 
— ■ , 1930: Anthomyia procellaris Rond.; {Fringilla caelebs (sic)). 

— , 1932a: Lasiomrna Roeoderi (sic) Kowarz, Anthomyia pluvialis 
L., A. procellaris Rond., Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; 
{Fringilla caelebs (sic)). 

— , 1934: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.) ; {Fringilla caelebs 
(sic) (L.)). 

— , 1937a: Anthomyia pluvialis (L.), A. procellaris Rond.; (Fringilla 
caelebs). 

— • , 1946: Anthomyia pluvialis (L.) ; {Fringilla caelebs (sic) (L.)). 

Seidel, 1932: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Fringilla coelebs). 
— • , 1937: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 

Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Enicmus minutus L., 
Ptinus (n. str.) fur L., Philonthus fuscus Grav.: (Fringilla 
coelebs). 

Tate, 1954: Neottiophilum praeustum (Meig.); {Fringilla coelebs coe- 
lebs L.) . 

Thompson, 1937c: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; Fringilla coelebs 
coelebs L.). 

Walsh, 1938: Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale; (chaffinch). 

Waterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (Fringilla coelebs). 

— , 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. fringillae Roths., C. gal- 
linulae Dale; (F. coelebs). 

— , 1914: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (Fringilla coelebs). 



Hedymeles sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona fusciventris, Ornithoica vicina (Walker) 
(1= O. confluenta of most American authors, not of Say) . 



442 

Hedymeles ludovicianus (Linnaeus) 
Hicks, 1953: Acholla multispinosa (DeGeer), ? Liposcelis sp. 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser [pallida Say); (rose- 
breasted grosbeak ) . 

Junco sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica uicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of most 

American authors, not of Say) . 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser [pallida Say); 

(junco). 

Loxia sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia sp. 

Loxia curvirostra Linnaeus 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularial^. 
Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.). 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Loxia curvirostra). 

Loxia curvirostra pusilla Gloger 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser [pallida Say) ; (red 
crossbill ) . 

Melospiza sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) ( = O. confluenta of 

most American authors, not of Say) . 
Bezzi, ig22 : Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; (Melospiza). 

Melospiza (Helospiza) georgiana (Latham) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (swamp sparrow). 
Hall, I g^8: A paulina sp.; [Melospiza georgiana (Lath.)). 

Melospiza (Melospiza) melodia (Wilson) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of most 

American authors, not of Say) ; (Melospiza melodia). 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp., Entomobrya assuata (sic), Iso- 

toma arhorea, pear psylla, leafhopper, Calliope flaviceps, Clausi- 

cella usitata; (song sparrow). 
George and Mitchell, 1948: Apaulina metallica (Townsend) ; (song 

sparrow in New York) . 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser [pallida Say); (song 

sparrow). 
— , ig^2: Protocalliphora splendidaMsicq. ; (song sparrow). 
Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora [—Apaulina of Hall); (Melospiza 

melodia). 



443 

Melospiza (Melospiza) melodia beata Bangs 
Hall, 1948: Apaulma sp. ; {Melospiza melodia beata Bangs). 
Thomas, 1936: Protocalliphora sp.; (Melospiza melodia beata). 

Melospiza (Melospiza) melodia melodia (Wilson) 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp.; {Melospiza melodia melodia (Wil.)). 
Mason, 1944: Protocalliphora splendida Macq. ; (Melospiza m. melodia). 

Melospiza (Melospiza) melodia morphna Oberholser 

Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp. ; (rusty song sparrow). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp.; {Melospiza melodia morphna Ober.). 
Herms, 1950: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (rusty song sparrow). 
Holland, 1949: Ceratophyllus dif finis Jordan; (Melospiza melodia 

morphna). 
Plath, 1919b: Phormia azurea Fallen; {Melospiza melodia morphna 

Oberh.). 

Nesospiza sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia remota. 

Paroaria sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Philornis pici Macq. 
— , 1950: Philornis pici Macq. 

Passerculus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) {= O. confluenta of 
most American authors, not of Say) . 

Passerculus sandwichensis savanna (Wilson) 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say) ; (sa- 
vanna sparrow). 

Passerella sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) {— O. confluenta of 
most American authors, not of Say) . 

Passerina cyanea (Linnaeus) 
Dobroscky, 1^2^: Protocalliphora s^p.: (indigo bunting) . 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Pipilo sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of 

most American authors, not of Say). 
Bezzi, 1922: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) . 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithojnyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say); 

(towhee). 
Morgan, 1944: Larvae of blood-sucking flies; (towhee). 



444 

Pipilo erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of 
most American authors, not of Say). 

Pipilo fuscus crissalis (Vigors) 
Dobroscky, iQ2^: ProtocallipJiora sp.; (California brown towhee). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 
Herms, 1950: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (California brown 

towhee). 
Plath, 1919: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen) (California brown 
towhee). 
■ — , 1919a: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen) ; {Pipilo crisalis (sic) 
crisalis (sic) (Vigors)). 

Pipilo maculatus oregonus Bell 

Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (Oregon towhee). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Herms, 1950: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen) ; (Oregon towhee). 
Plath, 1919b: Phormia azurea Fallen. 

Plectrophenax nivalis (Linnaeus) 
Henriksen, 1918: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. garei Roths.; (Em- 

heriza nivalis). 
Lack, 1933: Enicmus minutus L.; (snow-bunting). 
Nielsen, 1909: Pulex gallinae Bouche; (Emberiza nivalis). 
Strand, 1942: Enicmus minutus L.; (Schneesperling). 

Poliospiza sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona laticornis (= platycera). 

Pooecetes sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of 
most American authors, not of Say). 

Pselliophorus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona jusciventris. 

Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Linnaeus) 
Hennig, 1937: Leptometopa latipes Meig.; {Pyrrhula pyrrhula L.). 
Kemper, 1938a: Cartodere filiformis GylL, Enicmus minutus L.; 

(Gimpel). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. fringillae Walker, C. 
gallinae (Schr.); (Pyrrhula pyrrhula). 
— , 1936: Tetropium luridum L., Otiorrhynchus septentrionalis Hbst., 
Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Cartodere filiformis GylL, Enicmus 
minutus L., Microglossa pulla GylL, helomyzid, Hypaspistomyia 



445 

latipes Mg., Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. jringillae Walker, C. 
gallinae (Schr.), Entomobrya marginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., Le- 
pidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb., Sminthurinus niger Lubb., Leptodella 
fuscipes Reut., Degeeriella densilijiiba N.; (Pyrrhula pyrrhula L.). 
Rothschild, 1948: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 

— , i^^2 : Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 
Rothschild, 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinulae ; (bullfinch). 

Szekessy, 1950: Cartodere jiliforrnis GylL, Enicmus rninutus L.; 
(Pyrrhula pyrrhula). 

Richmondena sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) {= O. conjluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say) . 

Richmondena cardinalis (Linnaeus) 

Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (cardinal). 

Hall, 1948: Apaulijia sp.; {Richmondejia cardinalis cardinalis (L.)). 

Hicks, 1953: Orthoperidae, Entomobrya assuta Folsom, Tapinoma ses- 
sile (Say); {Richmondena cardinalis cardinalis (L.)). 

McAtee, 1927a: Anthonomus virgo Dietz, Anomala undulata Mehls- 
heimer, Mantura floridana Crotch, Lonchaea sp., Minettia ordinaria 
Melander, Cremastogaster (sic) lineolatus Say, Spalangia sp., Ga- 
berasa ambigualis Walker, Caliope (sic) flaviceps Loew; {?Rich- 
moiidena cardinalis). 

Seguy, ic)^6: Protocalliphora splendida (Macq.) ; (cardinal). 

— , 1950: Lonchaea sp.; (Richmondena cardinalis) . Protocalliphora 
splendida Mzicq.; (cardinal). 

Serinus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: OrnitJioctona laticornis {= platycera), Ornithoica 
turdi. 

Serinus canicollis (Swainson) 
Taylor, 1949: Passeromyia heterochaeta Villen.; (Serinus canicollis). 

Spermophila sp, 

Seguy, 1946: Philornis spermophila Tnsd., P. torquans Nielsen. 
— • , 1950: Philornis spermophila Tnsd., P. torquans Nielsen. 

Spinus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona laticornis (=: platycera). 

Bezzi, 1922: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; [Astragalinus in 

North America) . 
Dobroscky, 1925: Calliope flaviceps; (goldfinch). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina cuprina Hall, A. hesperia (Shan. & Dobr.) ;(gold- 

finch from California) . 
Morgan, 1944: Larvae of blood-sucking flies; (goldfinch). 



446 

Spinus psaltria hesperophilus (Oberholser) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp. ; (green-backed goldfinch). 
Hall, 1 948 : Apaulina sp. 

Herms, 1950: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (greenback goldfinch). 
Plath, 1919: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (Astragalinus psaltria 
hesperophilus). 
— ■ , 1919a: Undetermined blood-sucking larvae, Protocalliphora azu- 
rea (Fallen); {Astragalinus psaltria hesperophilus Oberholser). 

Spinus tristis (Linnaeus) 
McAtee, 1927a: Caliope (sic) flaviceps Loew; {? Astragalinus tristis). 

Spinus tristis salicamans Grinnell 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (willow goldfinch). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Herms, ig^o: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (willow goldfinch). 
Plath. 1919: ProtocallipJiora azurea (Fallen); (willow goldfinch). 
— ■ , 1919a: Undetermined blood-sucking larvae, Protocalliphora azu- 
rea (Fallen); (Astragalinus tristis salicamans (Grinnell)). 
— , 1919b: Phormia azurea Fallen; {Astragalinus tristis salicamans 
(Grinnell)). 

Spizella sp. 

Bequaert. 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of 
most American authors, not of Say). 

Spizella arborea arborea (Wilson) 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Spizella passerina (Bechstein) 

Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.. Calliope flaviceps, Anthomyia 
pluvialis, Hylemyia spizella, Tinea carnariella; (chipping sparrow). 

George and Mitchell, 1948: Apaulina metallica (Townsend) ; (chipping 
sparrow in New York ) . 

Hall, ig^S: Apaulina sp.; {Spizella passerina passerina (Bech.)). 

Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say) ; (chip- 
ping sparrow) . 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora {—Apaulina of Hall); (Spizella pas- 
serina). 

Spizella pusilla (Wilson) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of 

most American authors, not of Say) ; (Spizella pusilla). 
Dobroscky, 1925: Limnothrips denticornis, Neoheegeria verbasci, Sar- 

cophaga sinuata; (field sparrow). 
Hicks, 1953: Cryptophagidae ; {Spizella pusilla pusilla (Wilson)). 



447 

Zonotrichia sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona jusciventris, Ornithoica vicina (Walker) 
(= O. confluenta of most American authors, not of Say), Ornitho- 
myia remota. 

Bezzi, 1922: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) . 

Zonotrichia albicollis (Gmelin) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (white-throated sparrow). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Zonotrichia capensis (Miiller) 
Almeida Cunha, de, 19 14: ?Rhynchopsylliis pulex; [Zonotrichia pile- 

ata Boode). 
Del Ponte and Riesel, 1939: Rhynchopsylla pulex Hall.; (Zonotrichia 

capensis) . 
Pinto, ig^o: He c to psylla pulex (Haller) ; (Zonotrichia pileata). 

Zonotrichia leucophrys leucophrys (Forster) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (white-crowned sparrow). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli Ridgway 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.; (Nuttall sparrow). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Herms, 1950: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen) ; (Nuttall sparrow). 
Plath, 1919: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (Zonotrichia leucophrys 
nuttalli). 

— , iQiga.: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen). 

— , igigh: Phormia azurea Fallen. 

Zonotrichia querula (Nuttall) 
Holland, 1949: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Zonotrichia querula). 

Uncertain Position 

Lutz and Neiva, 191 2: Mydaea pici Macq.; (Spermophila gutturalis). 

Family FURNARIIDAE 
Furnarius rufus (Gmelin) 
Carvalho, 1939: Ornithocoris furnarii (Cordero & Vogelsang); (Fur- 
narius rufus Gm.). 
Cordero and Vogelsang, 1928: Cimex furnarii Cord. & \'ogels. ; {Fur- 
narius rufus Gm.). 

— , 1928a: Cimex furnarii Cord. & Vogels. ; {Furnarius rufus Gm.). 
Costa Lima, da, 1940: Ornithocoris furnarii: (Furnarius rufus). 

Pinto, 1930: Ornithocoris furnarii (Cord. & Vogels.); {Furnarius 
rufus Gm. ). 



448 

Pinto, 1938: Ornithocoris jurnarii (Cord. & Vogels.); (Furnarius rujus). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Cimicid; (Furnarius rujus). 

Snipes, Carvalho, and Tauber, 1940: Ornithocoris jurnarii (Cord. & 

Vogels.); (Furnarius rujus). 
Wygodzinsky, 1951 : Ornithocoris toledoi Pinto; (Furnarius rujus). 

Phacellodomus rufifrons (Wied) 

Abalos and Wygodzinsky, 1951: Psammolestes coreodes Bergroth; (Pha- 
cellodomus rujrijons (sic), P. rujijrons (con dos subespecies) ) . 

Costa Lima, da, 1940: Psammolestes coreodes Bergroth; {Phacelodomus 
(sic) rujijrons (Wied)). 

Lent, 1935: Psammolestes coreodes Bergroth, Psammolestes sp.; {Pha- 
celodomus (sic) rujijrons (Wied)). 
— , 1939: Psamolestes (sic) coreodes Bergroth; {Phacellodomus 
rujijrons rujijrons (Wied)). Triatomids, coleoptera; {'^Phacello- 
domus rujijrojis). 

Usinger, 1944: Psammolestes sp.; [Phacelodomus (sic) rujijrons 
(Wied)). 

Phacellodomus rufifrons inornatus Ridgway 

Lent, 1939: Psammolestes arthuri (Pinto); {Phacellodomus rujri- 
jrons (sic) ifiornatus Kidgway). 

Phacellodomus rufifrons sincipitalis Cabanis 

Lent, 1939: Psamolestes (sic) coreodes Bergroth, coleoptera, blatideos, 
himenopteros, hemipteros. embiideos, lepidopteros. 

Phacellodomus sibilatrix Sclater 
Mazza and Schreiber, 1938: Triatoma platensis Neiva, diversos corei- 
deos; {Phacellodomus silibatrix (sic)). 

Pseudoseisura lophotes (Reichenbach) 
Mazza, Basso, and Basso, 1936: Triatoma platensis Neiva, T. injestans, 

blatideos, pseudomeloideos ; {Pseudoseiura (sic) lophotes 

(Pacich)). 
Mazza and Schreiber, 1938: Triatoma platensis Neiva; (Pseudoseisura 

lophotes). 

Synallaxis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona jusciventris. 

Costa Lima, da, 1934: Psammolestes coreodes Bergroth. 

Family GERYGONEIDAE 
Gerygone olivacea (Gould) 
Chisholm, 1952: Ants; (Gerygone olivacea). 
Ramsay, i866-. Ants; (Gerygone albogularis) . 



449 

Smicrornis brevirostris (Gould) 
Chisholm, 1952: Taphroiestes sp.; (Smicrornis brevirostris). 
Hindwood, 1951a: Monopis argillacea (Meyrick) ; (Smicrornis brevi- 
rostris). 



Family HIRUNDINIDAE 
Undetermined 

Anduze, Pifano, and Vogelsang, 1947: Crataerina seguyi Falcoz; (go- 

londrina) . 
Anonymous, 1922: Punaises des lits; (hirondelles) . 

— , 1925: Cimicids; (swallow). 

Back and Bishopp, 1942: Oeciacus sp.; (swallow). 

Baer, 1951: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wag., C. farreni Roths.; (swallow). 

Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.; (martin). Orneascus (sic) sp.; 

(Scottish, Swiss Alpine, and Kashmir martins). 
Barrera, 1953: Ceratophyllus gilv us Jordzin & Roths.; (golondrina) . 
Baudet, 1929: Cime.x hirundinis Jenyns; (Schwalbe). 
Bequaert, 1942a: Stenepteryx sp.; (swallow). 

— , 1953a: Ornithomyia biloba Dufour, Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.), 
Pteromalidae ; (swallow). Pteromalidae ; (martin). 

— , 1953b: Crataerina seguyi, Ornithomyia comosa, O. fur; (swallow). 

— , ic^'j/^.: Stenepteryx %p., Crataerina seguyiYdiXcoz; (swallow). 
Bezzi, 1896: Acanthia sp.; (hirondelles). 

Bickhardt, 1907c: Nemadus colonoides Kr., Microglossa pulla Gyll., 
Philonthus fuscus Grav., Quedius brevicornis Thoms. ; (Schwalbe). 

Blester and DeVries, 1943: Oeciacus hirundinis, O. vicarius; (swallow). 

Blester and Schwarte, 1952: Oeciacus vicarius; (swallow). 

Blatchley, 1926: Oeciacus vicarius Horv., Lyctocoris campestris (F.) ; 
(swallow). 

Bouillon, 1859: Ceratophyllus hirundinus (sic) ; (hirondelle) . 

Boyd, 1 951: Hemiptera; (swallow). 

Bree, 1832: Hippobosca hirundinis L.; (martin). 

British Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Report), 
1952: Hofmannophila pseudospretella, Endrosis lactella, Tinaea 
(sic) columbariella, T. pellionella, Anthrenus verbasci, Attagenus 
pellio, Dermestes lardarius, Tenebrio molitor, Ptinus fur, P. sex- 
punctatus, Metacoelus rnansuetor, Apanteles carpatus, Scenopinus 
fenestralis, Lyctocoris campestris; (martin). Hofmannophila pseu- 
dospretella, Tinaea (sic) pellionella, T. columbariella, Anthrenus 
verbasci, Attagenus pellio, Tenebrio molitor, Ptinus tectus, Sceno- 
pinus fenestralis, Lyctocoris campestris; (swallow). 

Brumpt, 1949: Oecacius (sic) hirudinis (sic) (Jenyns), Ceratophyllus 
hirundinis (Curtis), Crataerina pallida Latr. ; (hirondelles). 

Butler, 1896: Bedbugs; (swallows, martins). 
■ — ■ , ig2'^: Cimex hirundijiis Jenyns; (swallow). 



45° 

Castellani and Chalmers, 1919: Oeciacus vicarius; (swallow nests in 

North America) . 
Castellarnau, de, 1950: Ornithomyia hirundinis Leach, Cimex hirun- 

dinis: (andorinha). 
Chandler, 1949: Oeciacus sp., O. vicarius; (swallow). 
Chatton and Blanc, 1918: Cimex hirundinis Jenyns; (hirondelles). 
Collart, 1934: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis; (hirondelles). 
Colyer and Hammond, 1951: Protocalliphora azurea Fallen, Crataerina 

pallida Latr. ; (swallows). Crataerina pallida Latr. ; (martin). 
Cummings, 1918: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns; (swallow, martin). 
Curtis, 1826: Craterina (sic) hirundinis (L.) ; (house-swallow). 
d'Abadie, 1922: Punaises de lit, ?Tinea pellionella; (hirondelles). 
Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus hirundinis. Curt.; (swallows). Stenopteryx 

(sic) hirundinis, Li.: (swallows, martins). 

— , 1890: Ceratophyllus hirundinus (sic) Curtis & Walker; 
(swallows). 

Dampf, 1907: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis); (Schwalbe). 

— . 1908: Ceratophyllus columbae (Gerv. ), C. fringillae Walker; 
(Schwalbe). 

— , 1908a: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curt.), C. gallinae (Schr.), C. 
fringillae (Walker), C. farreni Roths.; (Schwalbe). 

Davis, 1953: Blue bottle fly maggots (Calliphorids) ; (swallow). 

Delarue, 1875: Crataroea (sic) nidicola; (hirondelle ) . 

Douglas, i8gja.: Acanthia sp.: (swallow). 

du Buysson, 1923a: Phormia sordida Zett. (= P. azurea Meigen) ; (hi- 
rondelle ) . 

Dufour, 1845: Larvae of Lucilia dispar; (hirondelle). 
■ — - , iQ^2: Lucilia dispar T)u{ouv: (hirondelle). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Stenepteryx hirundinis L., Cra- 
taerhina (sic) pallida Latr.; (swallows, martins). Ornithomyia 
fringillina Curtis; (swallow). 

Eichler, 1937: Cimicidae: (Schwalbe). 
— • , 1 941: Schwalbenwanzen ; (Schwalbe). 

Erichson, 1858: Aleochara nidicola Fairm. {Haploglossa pulla (Gyll.)); 
(Schwalben). 

Essig, 1942: Lyctocoris campestris ¥.: (swallow). Oeciacus hirundinis 
Jenyns; (swallows, martins). Oeciacus vicarius (Horv.); (North 
American swallows). 

Evans, 191 2: Goiiiodes dissimilisNitzsch; (martin). 

Everts, 1903a: Ptinus brunneus Dfts.; (zwaluw). 

Fairmaire, 1852: Punaise; (hirondelles ordinaires). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Phormia sp., Chaeromyia sp.; (hirondelle). 

— , ig22: Ornithomyia avicularia h.; (hirondelle). 

— , 1926: Crataerina pallida (Latr.), Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis; 
(hirondelle). 

Fieber, 1861 : Lyctocoris domesticus Schill.; (Schwalbe). 
Fiebiger, 1947: Cimex hirundinis ]enyns; (Schwalbe). 



451 

Fox, 1925: Oeciacus hirundinus (sic) Jenyns, O. vicarius Horv. ; 

(swallow). 
Frank, 1913: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns; (matinets, Schwalbe). 

Lyctocoris campestris F. ; (Schwalbe). 
Frauenfeld, von, 1864: Scenopinus sp.; (Schwalbe). 
Gedoelst, 191 1: Oeciacus hirundinis; (hirondelle). 
Geoffroy. 1762: Hippobosca pedihus sexdactylis, alis divaricatis; (hi- 

rundo). 
Girault, 1906: Bedbugs. Acanthia sp.; (swallow). 
Godan, 1952: Cimex lectularius, C. rotundatus; (Schwalbe). 
Gravenhorst, 1832: Acauthia (sic) hirundinis, Pulex hirundinis, P. 

rufus: (Schwalbe). 
Gruardet. 1929: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (swallows). 
Guerin-Meneville, 1827: Ornithomyia Hirundinis; (hirondelle). 
Guide, 1921 : Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns; (Schwalbe). 

— , 1 941: Cimicidae; (Schwalbe). 

Halbert, 1935: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns: (swallow). 
Hase, 1924: Cimicids; (Schwalbe). 

— , ig^^: Cimex lectularius h.; (Schwalbe). 

— • . 1937: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns; (Schwalbe). 

— , 1938: Cimex rotundatus Sign. \ (Schwalbe). 

Hegner, Cort, and Root, 1923: Cimex hirundinis; (swallows in Europe). 
Cimex vicarius: (swallows in America). 

Heinroth, 19 16: Protocalliphora azurea Fallen; (Schwalbe). 

Hendel, 1901: Lucilia dispar: (Schwalbe). 

Hennig, 1952: Omphrale fenestralis h.; (Schwalbe). 

Herman, ig^^^: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis Leach : (Schwalbe). 

Herter, 1953: Oeciacus hirundinis, Ptinus fur; (Schwalbe). 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Diptera, suctoria, undetermined insects; (Schwalbe). 

Hilger, 1899: Ceratophyllus gallinae Bouche; (Schwalbe). 

Hinton, 1945: Attagenus pellio (L.), A. piceus (Oliv.), Anthrenus (An- 
threnus piynpinellae F.; (swallow). 

Hoffmann, 1913: Cimex (Oeciacus) hirundinis Jgns. (sic); (Schwalbe). 

Hofmanner, 1928: Cimex pipistrelli Jenyns\ (?Schwalbe). 

Horvath, 1910: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (swallow). 
- — • , 1912: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (swallow). Oeciacus vicarius 
Horvath; (swallows' nests in the United States). 

Hiieber, 1893: Cimex Hirundinis Jenyns; (Schwalbe, martin). 
Lyctocoris campestris F.; (Schwalbe). 

Imms, 1934: Oeciacus hirudinis (sic) Jenyns; (martin). Phormia (Pro- 
tocalliphora) azurea; (swallow). 

Janner, ig-^y: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis h.; (Schwalbe). 

James, 1955: Protocalliphora hesperia Shan. & Dobr. ; (swallow). 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Schwalbe). 

Jeannel, 1909: Niptus hololeucus Faldermann; (hirondelle). 

Jellison, 1940: Protocalliphora hirudo, ^Oeciacus sp.; (barn or eve (sic) 
swallows). 



452 

Jenyns, 1839: Cimex liirundijiis ]enyns; (martin). 

Jussel, 1905: Lathridius sp., Tetropium julcratum, Sceyiopinum (sic) 

fenestralis L., Phygadeuon sp.; (Schwalbe). 
Kassianoff, 1937: Cimex furnarii Cord. & Vogels.; (hirondelle) . 

— , ig37a: Oeciacus hiru7idinis Jenyns; (hirondelle). 
Keilin and Tate, 1930: Ophyra leucostoma Weid. ; (swallow). 
Kemner, 1925: Oeciacus hiru7idinis Jen.; (svala). 
Kemper, 1928: Cimicids; (Schwalbe). 

— , 1935: Cimicids; (Schwalbe). 

- — , 1936: Cimex lectularius L., Lyctocoris campestris F., Oeciacus 
hirundinis Jenyns; (Schwalbe). 

— ) 1937' Cimicids; (Schwalbe). 

— , 1938b: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns, Lyctocoris campestris; 
(Schwalbe). 

— , i938d: Cimex lectularius L., Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.: (Schwalbe). 
Kirby and Spence, 1822: Ornithomyia hirundinis Latr. ; (swallow). 
Kirschenblatt, 1936: Microglossa nidicola, Gnathoncus suturifer, Co- 

prophilus dimidiatipennis : (Schwalbe). 
Kohler, (?)i832: Ac anthia Hirundinis ; (Schwalbe). 
Lameere, 1946: Oeciacus hirundinis; (hirondelle). 
Lapage, 195 1 : Lipopterna hirudinis (sic) ; (swallow). 
Latreille, 1805: Ornithomyia viridis La.tr.; (hirondelle). 
— • , 181 1 : Ornithomyia Hirundinis, ilea.; (hirondelle). 
Le Gendre, 1923: Phormia sordida Zett.; (hirondelle). 
Leruth, 1935: Niptus hololeucus Fald.; (hirondelle). 
Lindner, 1940: Phormia sp., Ornithomyia fringilli7ia Curt.. Stenopteryx 

(sic) hirundinis L,.; (Schwalbe). 
List, 1925: Oeciacus vicarius; (swallow). 
Lucas, 1838: Ornithomyia hirundinis; (hirondelle). 
Lugger, 1896: Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns; (swallow). 

— , 1896a: Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns; (swallow). 

— , 1900: Acanthia hirundinis Senyns (sic) ; (swallow). 
Lundbeck, 1927: Phormia azurea Fallen; (swallow). 
Lutz, 1924: Insects parasitic on man; (Schwalbe). 

McAtee, 1927: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths.; (swallow from Bri- 
tish Columbia). 

Macquart, 1835: Anapera pallida Meig., Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis 
Leach; (hirondelle). 

Mail, 1940: Oeciacus vicarius Horv. ; (swallows at Banff, Alberta, 
Canada). 

Mallis, 1945: Oeciacus vicarius Horv.; (house-swallow in the United 
States and Canada). 

Martini, 1929: Cimicids; (Schwalbe). 

Massee, 1954: Oeciacus hirundinis (Jenyns); (martin). 

Matheson, 1950: Oeciacus vicarius Horvath; (North American swal- 
lows ) . 



453 

Megnin, 1880: Cimex lectularia L., Acanthia lectularia F., Pule.x hirun- 
dinis, Cimex hirundinis (L. Jennius) ; (hirondelle). 

— , 1888: Pulex sp., Anapera pallida, Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis; 
(hirondelle). 

Meinert, i8g6: Pulex gallinac (Schr.) Bouche; (swallow). 

Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia chloropus Bergroth, O. biloba Dufour, 
Crataerina pallida (Latr. ), Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis: (hi- 
rondelle). 

Michalk, 1936 — 1937: Cimex columbarius Jenyns, Oeciacus hirundinis 
Jenyns ; ( Schwalbe ) . 

Modeer, 1785: Hippobosca hirundinis; (barn swallow, house swallow). 
Hymenoptera, puparia oi Stenepteryx hirundinis ; (swallow). 

Moens, 1925: Cimex (Oeciacus) hirundinis Jen., Cimex rotundatus; 
(zwaluw) . 

Morley, i()^d>: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis,!^.; (swallow). 

Moutier, 1928: Crataerhina (sic) pallida Lzitr.; (hirondelle). 

Myers, 1927: Oeciacus vicarius: (swallow). 

Neuhaus, 1886: Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis L., Oxypterum pallidum 
Leach ; ( Schwalbe ) . 

Neveu-Lemaire, 1938: Oeciacus hirundinis (Jenyns), O. vicarius Hor- 
vath, Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Kohler), Protocalliphora azurea 
(Fallen), Crataerhina (sic) pallida (Latr.); (hirondelle). 

Olivier, 1792: Hippoboscids, Hippobosca Hirundinis; (hirondelle). 

Olivier, 1905: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis Leach, Ornithomyia avicu- 
/an'aMeig. ; (hirondelle). 

Osborn, 1892a: Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns; (swallow). 

— , 1896: Cimicidae; (swallows). 

Osten-Sacken, 1886: Scenopinus fenestralis, Lucilia dispar; (swallow). 
Owen, 1954: Mormoniella vitripennis : (swallows' nests in England). 
Packard, 1883: Cimex lectularius L.; (nest of swallows on a court- 
house in Iowa) . 
Pandelle, 1896: Lucilia dispar; (hirondelle). 
Parmenter, 195 1 : Protocalliphora azurea; (swallow). 
Parshley, 1914: Clinocoris (?) hirundinis ]er\yn?,\ (swallow). 
Patton, 1926: Cimex hirundinis; (swallow, martin). 

— , 1 931: Cimex sp.; (swallow). Cimex vicarius: (house-swallow in 
America and Canada). 

Pawlowsky, igaj: Phormia sordida Zett.; (Schwalbe). 

Perris, 1869: Lucilia dispar, Ornithomyia avicularia, Stenopteryx (sic) 

hirundinis, Attagenus piceus, Anthrenus verbasci, A. musaeorum, 

A. pimpinellae ; (hirondelles). 

— , i8yo: Scenopiiius fenestralis h.: (hirondelle). 

Peus. 1938: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker, C. gallinae (Schr.) ; 

(Schwalbe). 
Pinto, 1930: Cimex hirundinis Jenyns; (andorinha). 
Pycraft, ig^^: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis; (swallow). 



454 

Reaumur, de, 1738: Hippoboscids, fleas; (hirondelles) . 
— - , 1742: Mouches-araignees (hippoboscids); (hirondelle). 

Reis, Nobrega, and Reis, 1936: Acciacius (sic) vicarius Horvath; 
(andorinhas). 

Resch, 1874: Ornithomyia avicularia Latr., Attagenus megatoma ¥., 
Tridymus sp., Pulex hirundinis Kohl., Ptinus fur, Boeus domesti- 
cus Burm., Tinea spectella S. V., Dermestes lardarius L., Acanthia 
lectularia L., Atropos pulsatoria, Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis 
Leach, ?Therera (sic) sp., ?Scenopinus sp.; (Schwalbe). 

Reuter, 1913: Lyctocoris campestris F., Oeciacus vicarius Horv\; 
(Schwalbe). Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Schwalbennest in Tyrol). 

Riedel, 1895: Hippobosca hirundinis L.; (hirundo). 

Riley and Johannsen, 1915: Cimex hirundinis; (European swallows). 
Oeciacus vicarius; (North American swallows). 

— , 1932: Cimex hirundinis; (European swallows). Oeciacus vicarius; 
(swallow). 

Rodhain, 1918: Passerornyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve) ; (hirondelles de 
Afrique centrale). 

Rodhain and Bequaert, 19 16: Lu cilia dispar Dufour, Phorrnia azurea; 
(hirondelle). 

Roder, von, 1890: Ornithomyia jringillina Curt. (^ tenella Schin.) ; 
(Schwalbe). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Attagenus pellio (L.), Dermestes lardarius 
L., D. murinus L., Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen), Camus hema- 
pterus Nitzsch, Stomoxys calcitrans L., Ceratophyllus farreni 
Roths., C. fringillae Walker, C. gallinae (Schr.), Hoffmanophila 
(sic) pseudospretella Stt. ; (swallows). Atheta nidicola Johans., A. 
nigricornis Thoms., Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen), Hoffmano- 
phila (sic) pseudospretella Stt., Tinea pellionella L.; (martins). 

Roubaud, 1913: Phorrnia azurea Meig. ; (hirondelle). 

— , 1914: Phormia sordida Zett., P. azurea Meig. {Phorrnia sordida 
Zett.) ; (hirondelle). 

— , 1915: Phormia azurea Meig. (^ sordida Zett.); (hirondelle). 

— , 1915a: Phormia sordida Zett. (= Phormia azurea Meig.); (hi- 
rondelle). 

— , 1917: P/iormm azur<?a Fallen; (hirondelle). 
Roy, 1946: Cimex hirundinis ]en.; (swallow). 
Russell, 1^22: Stenopteryx (sic) sp.; (swallow). 
Sahlberg, 1881 : Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns; (swallow). 
Samuelle, 1819: Craterina (sic) hirundinis OMer?,: (house-swallow). 
Saunders, 1892: Cimex hirundinis Jen.; (martin). 

Schedl, 1935: Wanzen; (Schwalbe). 

Schiner, 1864: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis; (Schwalbe). 
Scholtz, 1847: Acanthia Hirundinis; (Schwalbe). 
Schramm, 1848: Acanthia Hirundinis; (Schwalbe). 
Schrank, 1803: Hippobosca hirundinis; (Schwalbe). 



455 

Schummel, 1858: Hippobosca hirundinis, Cime.x lectularius, Pulex hi- 

rundinis; (Schwalbe ) . 
Seguy, 1920: Omphrale albicinctusKossi; (hirondelle). 

— , 192 1 : Omphrale fenestralis h.; (hirondelle). 

— , 1923: Muscina stabulans Fallen, Musca domestica L., Calliphora 
erythrocephala, Phormia regina: (hirondelle). 

— • , 1923a: Ophyra leucostoma'Wied.; (hirondelle). 

— , 1924: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns, Ceratophyllus hirundinis Koh- 
ler; (hirondelle). 

— , ig26: Omphrale albicincta Rossi; (hirondelle). 

— , 1929: Oeciacus hirundinis ]enyns; (hirondelle). 

— , 1932a: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis, Crataerhina (sic) pallida 
Latr., Omphrale fenestralis L., Mormoniella brevicornis Ashmead, 
Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns; (hirondelle). 

— , 1933: Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), Muscina stabulans (Fall.), Cal- 
liphora erythrocephala (L.), Musca domestica L., Phormia regina; 
(hirondelle). 

— , 1935: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; (hirondelle). 

— , 1936: Ornithomyia chloropus Bergroth, O. biloba Dufour, Oecia- 
cus hirundinis, Crataerina pallida (Latr.); (hirondelle). 

~~ ) 1937- Omphrale fenestralis; (hirondelle). 

— , 1938: Ornithomyia roubaudi Seguy; (hirondelles du fleuve Stan- 
ley Pool). 

— , 1938a: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis); (hirondelle). 

— , 1944: Oeciacus hirundinis, Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner; (hi- 
rondelle ) . 

— , 1946: Fannia sp., Ophyra anthrax, O. leucostoma Wiedmann, 
Scatopse notata (L.), Calliphora sp., Fannia canicularis L., F. sca- 
laris F., Sarcophaga melanura Meig.; (hirondelle). 

— , 1950: Fannia sp., Ophyra anthrax, O. leucostojyia Wiedmann, 
Fannia canicularis L., F. scalaris F., Muscina sp., M. stabulans 
Fallen, Sarcophaga melanura Meig.; (hirondelle). 

— , 1951: Stenepteryx hirundinis L., Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.- 
Desv. ; (hirondelle). 

Shaw, 1806: Hippobosca hirundinis; (swallow, martin). 
Slabber, 1768: Hippoboscid; (zwaluw). 
Smith, 1909: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns; (swallow). 
Speiser, 1908: Crataerhina (sic) sp.; (Schwalbe). 

— , 1909: Bedbugs; (Schwalbe). 

Spencer, 1930: Oeciacus vicarius HorvzLth; (swallow). 

— , ig^2 : Dermestes signatus heconte; (swallow). 
Steinvorth, 1872 — 1873: Wanzen; (Schwalbe). 

Stresemann, 1934: Cimex (Oeciacus) hirundinis Jenyns, Stenopteryx 

(sic) sp., Crataerhina (sic) sp.; (Schwalbe). 
Strobl, 1910: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.; (Schwalbe). 
Surcouf and Gonzalez-Rincones, 191 2: Lucilia dispar, Phormia azurea 



456 

Fallen, P. azurea Fallen {=z Protocalliphora sordida Zett.) ; (hi- 
rondelle). 
Taschenberg, E. L., i88oa: Pulex avium O. Taschenberg. Bettwanzen; 
(Schwalbe). 

— , 1883: ^c<3n^/iJa sp.; (Schwalbe). 

— , i8g2: Ptinus fur: (Schwalbe). 

Taschenberg, O., 1880: Pulex avium Tasch.; (Schwalbe). 
Theobald, 1892: Pulex hirundinis Sam, Curtis, & Walker; (swallow). 
Thompson. 1947a: Degeeriella sp., Ornithomyia roubaudi Seguy; (swal- 
low's nest on the Congo River at Stanley Pool ) . 

— , 1953: Hippoboscae hirundinis; (hirundines). Hippobosca hirun- 
dinus (sic) Berkenhout, Crataerina pallida, Hippobosca hirundinis, 
Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.) ; (swallow). Hippobosca hirundinis, 
Stenepteryx hirundinis Leach, S. hirundinis (L.) ; (martin). Ste- 
nepteryx hirundinis Leach; (house swallow). 

— , 1954: Ornithomyia fr in gillin a Curtis; (probably swallow). 
Titschack, 1929: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis; (Schwalbe). 
Tullgren and Wahlgren, 1922: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns; (svala). 
Villeneuve, igi^: Phormia sordida Zett.; (hirondelle). 

Wagner and Wassilieff, 1933: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Sam., C. farreni 

Roths., C. numidus Jord. & Roths.; (hirondelle). 
Walker, 1853: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.; (swallow). 

— , \8^^: Pulex hirundinis '&te^h.; (swallow). 
Weijenbergh, 1874: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis!^.; (zwaluw). 
Wendt, 1937: Cimex lectularia L. ; (Schwalbe). 

— , 1938: Oeciacus hirundinis ]er\.; (Schwalbe). 
White, 1902: Hippoboscae hirundinis : (hirundines). 
Wilhelmi, 1936: Cimicid; (Schwalbe). 

Wood, 1872: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis; (swallow). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951b: Household pests; (martins, swallows). 

Zacharias, 1928: Ornithomyia avicularia L. ; (Schwalbe). 

Zacher, 1939a: Ptinus jur L.; (Schwalbe). 

Alopochelidon sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Crataerina seguyi. 

Cecropis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia fur. 

Gheramoeca leucosterna (Gould) 
McKeown, 1942: Hippoboscids; (black and white swallow). 

Delichon sp. 

Seguy, 1929b: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. ; {Chelidon sp.). 

— , 1932a: Calliphora erythrocephala Meig. ; {Chelidon sp.). 

— . 1946: Calliphora erythrocephala, Musca domcstica L., Stomoxys 
calcitrans L. 



457 

Seajuy. 1950: Calliphora erythrocephala Meig.. Musca domestica L.. Sto- 

moxys calcitrans. 
Speiser, 1 go8 : Stenopteryx (sic) sp.; {Chelidonaria sp.) . 
— . igog: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.; {C helidonar ia sp.). 



Delichon urbica (Linnaeus) 

Alcock, 191 1 : Cimex hirundiiiis Jenyns; (house-martin). 

Allan, 1950: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis, C. dalei Roths., C. farreni 
Roths., Orneacus rothschildi Waterston, Frontopsylla laetus Jordan, 
Stenepteryx hiruridinis, Ceratophyllus hirundinis: (Delichon ur- 
bica). 

Almeida Cunha, de, 19 14: Fleas; (Chelidon urbica). 

Audcent, 1942: Protocalliphora azurea Fall., Calliphora erythrocephala 
Mg. ; [Delichon urbica urbica L.). 

Austen, 1901: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L. ; (house-martin). 
— ■ , \(gog: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L,.; (Chelidon urbica h.). 

— , ig26: Stenepteryx hirundinis h.; (house-martin). 

— , 1932: Stenepteryx hirundinis L. ; (house-martin). 
Bacot, 192 1 : Cimex hirundinis; (house-martin). 

Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Attagenus pellio, Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis, Ce- 
ratophyllus jarreyii Roths., C. gallinae Schr., C. hirundinis Curtis, 
C. rothschildi Waterston, C. rusticus Wagner; (Chelidon urbica). 

Baker, 1904: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis; (Hirundo urbica). 

Bau, 1929: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis \-..\ {Chelidon urbica (L.)). 

Bedford, 1932: Stenepteryx hirundinis Leach; {Chelidonaria urbica L.). 

Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; {Delichon urbica L.). 
— ■ , I g^2)^: Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.); (house-martin). 

— , 1953b: Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.) ; (Delichon urbica). 
Bequaert, and Leclercq, 1947: Stenepteryx hirundinis, Ornithomyia bi- 

loba Dufour (=: ptenoletis Loew, tenella Schiner) ; (Chelidon ur- 
bica). 

Bickhardt, 191 1 : Acidota crenata F.; (Mehlschwalbe). 

Bignell, 1891 : Pulex gallinae. Tinea sp.; (Chelidon urbica). 

Boyd, 1935: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. [Phorrnia sordida 
Zett.) ; (Delichon urbica). 

Boyd, 1 951: Ceratophyllus fringillae; (Delichon urbica). Ceratophyllus 
gallinae; (house-martin). 

Brauer, 188'^: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis h.; (Chelidon urbica). 

Britten, 1920: Ceratophyllus hirundinis, Gnvt.; (house-martin). 

Britten and Thompson, 1934: Bairamlia nidicola Ferriere; (house- 
martin). 

Butler, 1923: Cimex hirundinis Jenyns; (house-martin). 

Carr, 19 16: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L., Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
Curt., C. rusticus Wagner, C. farreni Roths.; (house-martin). 

Collart, 1947b: Microchrysa flavicornis Meig.; {Delichon urbica ur- 
bica L.). 



458 

Cooreman, 1947b: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis), C. rusticus 
(Wagner). 

Cornelius, 1869: Ptinus sp., Lathridius sp., Stenopteryx (sic) hirundi- 
nis, Lyctocoris domestica, Acanthia sp.; (Hirundo urbica). 

Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus hirundinis, Curt.; (house-martin). 

Dampf, 1908: Ceratophyllus jarreni Roths., C. hirundinis (Curtis); 
(Chelidonaria urbica). Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr. ) ; (Hirundo 
urbica). 

— , 1908a: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curt.); (Chelidonaria urbica). 

— , 1908b: Ceratophyllus jarreni Roths., C. gallinae, C. troglodytes; 
(Chelidonaria urbica). 

— , 1926: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis), C. rusticus Wagner; 
(Mehlschwalbe). 

DeGeer, 1782: Hippobosca avicularia L.; (Mehlschwalbe). 
Djonic, 1937: Cimex (Acanthia) lectularia L.; [Hirundo urbica L.). 

— , 1937a: Cimex (Acanthia) lectularius L. ; {Hirundo urbica L.). 
Donisthorpe, 1935: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns, Stenepteryx hirundinis 

L., Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt., Anthrenus sp.; [Chelidon ur- 
bica L.). 
Douglas, 1867: Cimex hirundinis; (house-martin). 

— , 1871: Ptinus sp., Lathridius sp., Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis, 
Lyctocoris domestica, Acanthia hirundinis Jenyns; (Hirundo ur- 
bica). 

Douglas and Scott, 1865: Acanthia hirundinis; (Hirundiriis urbicae). 

Drensky, 1928: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Hirundo urbica). 

du Buysson, 1923a: Cimex hirundinis Jen., Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis 

L.; [Hirundo urbica Temm.). 
Eichler, 1935: Oeciacus hirundinis; [Delichon urbica urbica (L.) ). 

— , 1936: Oeciacus hirundinis; (Mehlschwalbe). 

— , I936d: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; (Mehlschwalbe). 
— • , 1937: Oeciacus hirundinis hirundinis; (Mehlschwalbe). 

— , 1938b: Ceratophyllus jarreni jarreni Roths., C. hirundinis hirun- 
dinis Curtis, C. rusticus Wagner; (Delichon urbica). 

— • , 1939b: Cimicid, Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt., C. jarreni 

Roths., Stenepteryx hirundinis L.; [Martula urbica L.). 
— • ) ^^939^: Stenepteryx hirundinis L.; (Martula urbica). 

— , 1940: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt., Oeciacus hirundinis hirun- 
dinis Jenyns; [Martula urbica urbica L.). 

— , 1942: Stenepteryx hirundinis hirundinis L., Ceratophyllus hirun- 
dinis Roths., C. rusticus Wagner, Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns, Ti- 
naea (sic) columbariella Wocke, Tinea lapella Hbn. ; [Martula ur- 
bica urbica L. ) . 

— , 1950: Oeciacus hirundinis, Ceratophyllus hirundinis, Stenepteryx 
hirundinis; (Mehlschwalbe). 

— , 1952: Oeciacus hirundinis Jenyns, Ceratophyllus hirundinis Cur- 
tis; (Mehlschwalbe). 

Evans, 1904: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.; (Chelidon urbica). 

— , 1^21: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis Ij.; (house-martin). 



459 

Falcoz, 1926: Steyiopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.; (Hirundo urbica). 
Frauenfeld, von, 1861: Fleas, tineids, "Coriaceen-puppen" ; (Hirundo 

urbica). 
Freeman, 1939: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis); {Delichon urbica 

urbica (L.) ). 
Frieling, 1950: Lausfliegen; (Mehlschwalbe). 
Gahan, 1927: Mormoniella vitripennis (Walker), Stenopteryx (sic) sp.; 

(house-martin in England). 
Galli-Valerio, 1930: Acanthia ciliata Evers. (= hirundinis Jen.); (Che- 

lidon urbica). 

— , 1930a: Acanthia hirundinis Lam.; (Chelidon urbica). 
Goddard, 1935: Cimex (Oeciacus) hirundinis Jen.; (collected in spar- 
row's nest in martin's old nest) . 

Gravenhorst, 1828: Pulex rufus; (Hausschwalbe). 
Guide, 1941: Oeciacus hirundinis ]en.\ (Mehlschwalbe). 
Halbert, 1935: Oeciacus hirundinis ]&n.; (house-martin). 
Hamm, i<^'3,^: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis h.; (house-martin). 

— , 1939a: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis; (Chelidon urbica). 
Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner; (house-martin). 

Hardenberg, ig2y. Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.; (huiszwaluw). 
— ■ , igag: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis; (Hausschwalbe). 
Hase, 1938: Acanthia ciliata Evers. (= hirundinis Jenyns), Acanthia 

lectularia L.; (Chelidon urbica). Sternopteryx (sic) hirundinis, 

Pulex hirundinis, Acanthia lectularia, Cimex sp. ; {Hirundo 

urbica L.). 
— ■ , 1940: Stenepteryx hirundinis L.; (Mehlschwalbe). 
Hennicke, 1901: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L., Acanthia hirundinis 

Jenyns; [Chelidonaria urbica L.). 
Hennig, 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura lamellata Collin; 

{Delichon urbica L.). 
Hinton, 1940: Tipnus unicolor Filler & Mitterpacher, Ptinus sexpunc- 

tatus Fzinz.; (house-martin). 
Hoffmann, 1913a: Oeciacus hirundinis ]enyns; (Hirundo urbica). 
Howard and Marlatt, 1902: Cimicids; (nests of English martin). 
Howe, 1955: Tipnus unicolor Pill, and Mitt.; (house-martin). 
Howe and Burges, 1951: Ptinus sexpunctatus Panz.; (house-martin). 
Hiieber, 1893: Cimex Hirundinis Jenyns; (Hirundinis urbicae). 
Huzimatu, 1938: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis; (house-martin), 
loff, 1949: Frontopsylla laeta; {Delichon urbica in Caucasus). 

Pronto psylla (Orfrontia) cornuta loff; {Delichon urbica in Valley 

of Terek, Aksaj, Tien Shan), 
loff, Tiflov, Argyropulo, Fedina, Dudolkina, and Shiranovitch, 1946: 

Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) cornuta loff; {Delichon urbica in Tien 

Shan ) . 
Jacobson, 1940: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.; (Delichon urbica). 

Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagn., C. farreni Roths.; (Mehlschwalbe). 
Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis), C. rusticus (Wagner), 

C. farreni (Roths.) ; {Delichon urbica L.). 



460 

Jeffery, 1922: Ceratophyllus jarreni; (Chelidon urhica). 

Johnsen, 1948: Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.). 

Jordan, 1937: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis; (Chelidonaria urbica). 

— , 1937a: Ceratophyllus orites Jordan, C. caliotes Jordan, Orneacus 
oreinus Jordan; (Chelidonaria urbica). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 191 1: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis; (Cheli- 
don urbica, Hirundo urbica). Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagn. ; (Hi- 
rundo urbica). 

— , 1 9 15: Ceratophyllus numidus Jord. & Roths.; (Chelidon urbica). 

— , 1920b: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis, C. rusticus Wagn., C. 
laverani Roths., C. rothschildi Waterst., Oeciacus hirundinis, Ce- 
ratophyllus fasciatus Bosc; (Chelidonaria urbica). 

— , 1923b: Ceratophyllus jarreni meridionalis Jord. & Roths., C. hi- 
rundinis Curtis, C. numidus Jord. & Roths.; (Chelidonaria urbica). 

Jussel, 1905: Coccinella y-punctata L., Cathartus advena (Wakl.), 
Anthrenus museorum L., Attagenus pellio L., Dermestes lardarius 
L., Corticaria serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus L., Typhaea fumata 
L., Ptinus fur L., Aphodius fimentarius (sic) L., Tenebrio mol- 
itor L., Calliphora azurea Fallen, Chlorops nasuta Schr., Leria 
serrata L., Ornithomyia avicularia L., Oxypterum pallidum Leach, 
Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L., Phora rufipes Mg., Psychoda pha- 
laenoides L., Pulex hirundinis Kohler, Acanthia hirundinis Jen., 
Atropos annulata Hg., A. pulsatoria Leach, Caecilius pedicularius 
L., Endrosis lactella. Tinea pellionella L., Myrmica ruginodis Nyl., 
Pteromalus sp., Forficula auricularia L., Lepisma saccharina L., 
Homolomyia (sic) scalaris F.; (Hausschwalbe) . Anobium stri- 
atum L. ; {Delichon urbica urbica (L.)). 

Kemper, 1938: Flohe, Lathridius sp., Attagenus sp., Ptinus fur, Oecia- 
cus hirundinis, Mottenlarven, Necrobia violacea, Attagenus piceus, 
Anthrenus museorum, A. scrophulariae, Copeognathen, Lepinotus 
reticulatus, Tineola biselliella (sic), Lyctocoris campestris, Ty- 
phaea stercoraria, Lepisma saccharina, Forficula auricularia, Te- 
nebrio molitor, Cryptophagus dentatus, Cryptophagus sp., Ptinus 
sp., Fannia sp., Muscidenpuppen, Anthrenus verbasci, Hofmann- 
ophila pseudospretella. Tinea pellionella, Necrobia rufipes, Atta- 
genus pellio, Enicmus minutus, Lachesilla pedicularia, Monopis 
rusticella, Borkhausenia minutella. Tinea columbariella, Dermestes 
sp.; {Delichon urbica L.). 

— , 1938a: Lepisma saccharina L., Forficula auricularia L., Lache- 
silla pedicularia L., Lepinotus reticulatus Enderl., Trogium pul- 
satorium L., Oeciacus hirundinis Jen., Lyctocoris campestris F., 
Necrobia rufipes Deg., A^. violacea L., Dermestes lardarius L., At- 
tagenus pellio L., A. piceus Ol., Anthrenus scrophulariae L., A. ver- 
basci L., A. museorum L., Cryptophagus dentatus Hbst., C. scani- 
cus L., Lathridius sp., Enicmus minutus L., Typhaea stercoraria 
L., Ptinus fur L., P. villiger Rt., Tenebrio molitor L., Tinea fusci- 
punctella Hw., T. pellionella L., Tineola biselliella (sic) Hum., Mo- 



461 

nopis rusticella Hbn., Hofmannophila pseudosprettella Stt., Fan- 
nia sp.;(Mehlschwalbe). Cimex Icctularius L.;(MehIschwalbe(?) ) . 

Kemper, igsSd: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Mehlschwalbe). 
— , 1939: Dermestes lardarius, D. vulpinus, D. pcruvianus, Attagenus 
pellio, A. piceus, Anthrenus scrophulariae, A. pimpinellae, A. ver- 
basci, A. museorum; (Mehlschwalbe). 

Kiinkel, 1907: FUegenlarven, Flohe. Schwalbenwanzen. Stubenfliegen; 
(Hirundo urhica). 

Leclercq and Theodorides, 1950: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis; {De- 
lichon urbica L.). 

Le Gendre, 1923: Cimex hirundinis Jen., Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis 
L.; {Hirundo urbica Temm.). 

Lehnert, 1933: Tachyporus hypnorurn F., Ornithomyia jringillina Cur- 
tis, Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis, Oeciacus hirundinis Jen., Ti- 
nea fuscipunctella Haw.; {Delichon urbica L.). 

Leleup, 1947c: Hemiptera, diptera, siphonaptera, mallophaga, undeter- 
mined insects; {Delichon urbica urbica L.). 

Linsley, 1944: Ptinus sexpunctatus Panz., Tipnus unicolor Filler & 
Mitterpacher ; ( house-martin ) . 

Low, 1866: Ornithomyia avicularia L., Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.; 
{Chelidon urbica Boie.). Ornithomyia avicularia L.; {Hirundo ur- 
bica L.). 
— ■ , 1867: Muscid pupae, pteromalids {Tridymus sp. (?)), Ornith- 
omyia avicularia Latr., Pulex hirundinis Kohler, Tinea spretella 
S. v., Ptinus fur L., Dermestes lardarius L., Psocus domesticus 
Burm., Acanthia lectularia L.; {Chelidon urbica Boie.). 

Liihmann, 1937: Oeciacus hirundinis : (Mehlschwalbe). 

Megnin, 1880: Stenopterix (sic) hirundinis Leach; (hirondelles de 
fenetre). 

Mellor, 1919: Calliphora erythrocephala, Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis: 
(house-martin in England). 

Menegaux, 1939: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen., Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
Curtis, C. rusticus Wagner; {Delichon urbica urbica (L.)). Stene- 
pteryx hirundinis (L.) ; {Delichon urbica L.). 

Mueller, 1923: Phormia (Protocalliphora) sordida Zett.; (Haus- 
schwalbe). 

Miiller, 1931: Oeciacus hirundinis ]en.; (Hausschwalbe) . 

Muzik, 191 1 : Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Hirundo urbica). 

Niethammer, 1937: Oeciacus hirundinis hirundinis, Stenepteryx hirun- 
dinis, Ornithomyia biloba, Ceratophyllus hirundinis hirundinis, C. 
farreni farreni, C. fringillae, C. gallinae, C. frontalis rothschildi, C. 
laetus, C. laverani, C. maculatus, C. numidus, C. rusticus: {Deli- 
chon urbica urbica (L.) ). 

Noller, 1920: Ceratophyllus sp., Protocalliphora (Phormia) azurea, Or- 
nithomyia fringillina Curtis, Cimex sp.; (Mehlschwalbe). 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus delichoni Nordberg, C. gallinae (Schr.), 
C. hirundinis Sam., C. rusticus Wagner; {Delichon urbica). 



462 

Nordberg, 1936: Atomaria ruficornis Marsch., Cryptophagus beringensis 
Sahib., C. scanicus L., Anthrenus museorum L., A. verbasci L., 
Attagenus pellio (L.), Dermestes lardarius L., Megatoma undata 
L., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., D. pygmaeus L., Corticaria ser- 
rata Payk., Enicmus minutus L., Melanophthalma transversalis 
Gyll., Euplectus karsteni Reichenb., Ptinus fur L., P. villiger 
Reitt., undetermined staphylinid, Atheta nigricornis Thorns., Mi- 
croglossa pulla Gyll., Tenebrio molitor L., Camus hemapterus 
Nitzsch, Meoneura lamellata Collin, Ornithomyia avicularia L., Ly- 
coria sp., Omphrale jenestralis L., Tendipedinae, Ceratophyllus de- 
lichoni Nordberg, C. gallinae (Schr.), C. hirundinis Sam., Oncopsis 
rufusculus Fieb., Oeciacus hirundinis Jen., Thamnotettix sulphu- 
rellus Zett., Entomobrya marginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., Lepido- 
cyrtus cyaneus Tullb., Xenylla maritima Tullb., Trogium pulsato- 
rium L., Tinea juscipunctella L., Chelonus sp., Chremylus rubi- 
ginosus Neer., Philopterus excisus N. ; {Delichon urbica L.). 

Olivier, 1904: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.; (Chelidon urbica). 

O'Mahony, 1939a: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths., C. hirundinis Curtis; 
{Delichon u. urbica (L.)). 

— , 1942: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; [Delichon u. urbica L.). 

— ■ , 1944: Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.), Ceratophyllus farreni farreni 
Roths.; {Chelidon urbica urbica L.). 

— , 1945: Phyllodrepa puberula Bernh.; (from a 2-storey nest — the 
upper part built by a wren and the lower part built by a house- 
martin). 

— , 1950a: Ornithomya (sic) avicularia L.; {Chelidon u. irbica (sic) 
L.). Stenepteryx hirundinis L.; {Chelidon u. urbica L.). 

Osborn, 1896: Cimex hirundinis; (Hirundinis urbica). 

Otten, 1941: Coleoptera, Stenepteryx hirundinis L., Ceratophyllus gal- 
linae Schr., C. hirundinis Curtis, C. rusticus Wagner, Oeciacus hi- 
rundinis Jen., Ploiariola culiciformis Deg., Tinea pellionella L., 
Depressaria alstroemeriana CI.; {Delichon urbica L.). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea; (Delichon urbica). 

Patton, 1931 : Cimex hirundinis; (Hirundinis urbicae). 

Patton and Cragg, 1913: Cimex hirundinis Jen.; (Hirundinis urbicae). 

Pavay-Vajna, von, 1909: Protocalliphora azurea Fallen; {Chelidonaria 
urbica (L.) ). 

Pawlowsky, 1927: Oeciacus hirundinis ]en.; {Helidon (sic) urbica). 

Penecke, 1898: Acidota crenata F., Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis, Bett- 
wanzen, Schwalbenflohen; (Hirundo urbica). 

Peus, 1938: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths., C. hirundinis, C. rusticus 
Wagner ; ( Mehlschwalbe ) . 

— , 1939: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner, C. hirindinis Roihs.; 
(Delichon urbica). 

Pycraft, 1934: ^'i^nopf^ryx (sic) hirundinis; (house-martin). 
Reuter, 191 3: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen., Cimex nidularius Rondani; 
(Hirundo urbica). 



463 

Robinson, 1916: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis: (Hirundo urbica urhica). 
Rondani, 1842: Cimex nidularius Rond.; (Hirundo urbica). 

— , 1879: Chelidomyia hirundinis L., Ornithophila vagans Rond.; 
(Hirundinibus urbica). 

Rossi, de, i860: Pulex hirundinis, Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis, Acan- 
thia lectularia, Tinea erinella, Trades pulsatorius, Podura sp. ; 
{Hirundo urbica L.). 

Rothschild, 1947: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis, C. rusticus Wagner, 
C. farreni Roths., C. gallinae, C. fringillae Walker. 
■ — , 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.). Frontopsylla laetus (Jord. 
& Roths.), Ceratophyllus fringillae (Walker). C. hirundinis Curtis, 
Orneacus water stoni (Jord.) ; (Delichon urbica urbica). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Attagenus pellio (L.), Dermestes lardarius 
L., D. murinus L., Frontopsylla laetus, Orneacus rothschildi, Cera- 
tophyllus farreni Roths., C. fringillae Walker, C. hirundinis Curtis, 
C. rusticus Wagner, Lyctocoris campestris F., Oeciacus hirundinis 
Jen.; (house-martin). 

Rothschild, 1900: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis; (Chelidon urbica). 
— ■ , 1905: Ceratophyllus farreni K.oths.; (Chelidon urbica). 

— , 1 9 15: Ceratophyllus rothschildi Waterston, C. hirundinis Curtis, 
C. rusticus Wagner, C. farreni Roths.; (Chelidon urbica). 

Russell, 1913: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths., C. rothschildi Waterston; 

(house-martin). 
Schulze, 1929: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen. ; {Chelidonaria urbica L.). 
Seguy, 1928: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. ; (Hirundo urbica). 

— , 1929: Ophyra leucostoma Wiedmann (sic), Calliphora erythroce- 
phala Meig., Phormia regina Meig., Fannia scalaris F., Musca 
domestica L., Muscina stabulans Fallen, Omphrale fenestralis L.; 
(Hirundo urbica). 

— , 1932a: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis (L.); [Hirundo urbica L.). 
Omphrale fenestralis L., Fannia scalaris ¥., Muscina stabulans 
Fallen, Phormia regina Meigen, Ophyra leucostoma Wied.; (Hi- 
rundo urbica). 

— , 1935a: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis (L.), Crataerhina (sic) pal- 
lida (Latr.), Omphrale fenestralis (L.), Anthomyinae, Anthomyia 
sp., Fannia scalaris, Muscina stabulans, Phormia regina (Meig.), 
Musca domestica, Stomoxys calcitrans, Ceratophyllus hirundinis 
Sam., Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Hirundo urbica). 

— , 1936: Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.) ; {Hirundo urbica L.). 

— , 1937a: Fannia scalaris {¥.), Ophyra leucostoma (Wiedemann), 
Muscina sp.; (Hirundo urbica). 

■ — , 1938a: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis), C. Dalei Roths.; (hi- 
rondelle des fenetres). 

— , 1944: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis); (hirondelle des fene- 
tres). Ceratophyllus rothschildi Waterston. 

— , 1946: Ophyra leucostoma Wiedmann (sic), Protocalliphora sp.; 
(hirondelle de fenetre). Fannia manicata (Meigen), Ophyra leuco- 
stoma (Wiedm.), Calliphora vomitoria (L.). 



464 

Seguy, 1950: Protocalliphora sp. ; (hirondelle de fenetre). 
Seidel, 1932: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.; (Delichon urbica). 

— , 1937: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner, C. hirundinis Sam.; {De- 
lichon urbica L.) . 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Attagenus pellio L., coleoptera, Aphodius fi- 
metarius L., A. prodromus Brahm, Coccinella y-punctata L., Ste- 
nopterix (sic) hirundinis L., Pulex hirundinis K., Lepisma sac- 
charina L., Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis; (Hirundo urbica L.). 

Slater, 1926: Ceratophyllus hirundinis, Curt., C. farreni, Roths., C. ru- 
sticus, Wa.g\. (sic); (house-martin). 

Smit, 1952: Frontopsylla laeta (Jord. & Roths.); (house-martin in 
Scotland). Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) laeta; {Delichon urbica in Cau- 
casus valley). Orneacus waterstoni (Jordan); {C. urbica in Kin- 
cardineshire, Scotland). Orneacus oreinus Jordan; {Delichon ur- 
bica in Kashmir and Tien Shan). Frontopsylla (Orfrontia) cornuta 
loff; {D. urbica in Valley of Terek, Aksaj, Tien Shan). Frontop- 
sylla (Orfrontia) laeta (Jord. & Roths.) ; {Delichon urbica in Scot- 
land, Switzerland, Caucasus). 

Southgate and Woodroffe, 1950: Oeciacus hirundinis (Jen.) ; (house- 
martin). 

Southwood, 1954: Oeciacus hirundinis ]&n.; (house-martin). 

Speiser, igo^: Steiiopteryx (sic) hirundinis h.; (Hausschwalbe). 

— , igoS: Ornithomyia fringillina Curt.; (Mehlschwalbe). 

Stein, 1843: Cimex sp., Stenopteryx (sic) sp., Pulex sp.; {Hirundo 
urbica L.). 

— , 1849: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis; (Hirundo urbica). 
Szekessy, 1948: Longitarsus lycopodi Foucr., Anthrenus pimpinellac 

Fabr., Attagenus piceus Ol., Cartodere elegans Aube, C. filiformis 
GylL, Melanophthalma distinguenda Comolli, M. transversalis Gyll., 
Ptinus fur L., Oeciacus hirundinis Jen., Ploiariola baerensprungi 
Dhrm.; {Delichon urbica L.). 

— , 1950: Atomaria ruficornis Marsch., Anthrenus pivipinellae F., 
Attagenus piceus OL, Dermestes lardarius L., Dendrophilus 
punctatus Hbst., Cartodere elegans Aube, C. filiformis Gyll., Cor- 
ticaria serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus L., Euplectus karsteni var. 
falsus Bedel., Ptinus fur L., Tenebrio molitor L.; (Delichon 
urbica). 

Thalhammer, 1900: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L.; (Hirundinis ur- 

bicae). 
Theobald, 1892: Pulex gallinae Bouche, P. hirundinis Sam, Curtis, and 

Walker; (house-martin). 
Thompson, 1935: Fleas, bird-flies {Stenepteryx hirundinis according 

to Bequaert, 1953a), martin-bugs; (Delichon urbica urbica). 

— , 1935a: Ceratophyllus sp., C. hirundinis Curtis, Oeciacus hirun- 
dinis (Jen.), Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.) ; {Chelidon u. urbica L.). 

— J 1937c: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis, C. rusticus Wagner; 
{Delichon urbica urbica (L.)). 



465 

Thompson, 1938b: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths., C. hirundinis Curtis, 
C. rusticus Wagner, C. waterstoni Jordan, Oeciacus hirundinis 
(Jen.). Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.); (Delichon u. urbica (L.)). 

— , 1947b: Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.); {Delichon u. urbica (L.)). 

■ — ■ 3 1953 • Hippoboscae hirundinis, Stenepteryx hirundinis Leach, S. 
hirundinis (L.) ; (house-martin). Stenepteryx hirundinis Leach; 
(Chelidon urbica). 

— , 1954a: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; [Delichon urbica urbica 
(L.)). 

T ( rouessart ) , 1875: Orchestes quercus, scarabs, elaterids, hemiptera, 

diptera; (H. urbica). 
Turk, 1946: Ceratophyllus farreni Koihs. 
Wagner, 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. hirundiyiis Curt.; [Hi- 

rundo urbica L.). 

— , 1936a: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner, C. farreni Roths.; (Che- 
lidon urbica). Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.; (Hausschwalbe). 

— , 1938: Ceratophyllus orites Jordan, C. caliotes Jordan, C. delichoni 
Nordb., Paracallopsylla oreinus Jordan; (Chelidonaria urbica). 

— , 1939: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt., C. rusticus Wagn., C. far- 
reni Koihs.; (Hausschwalbe). 

Walsh, 1938: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths., C. hirundinis Curtis; (house- 
martin). 

Waterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. farreni Roths., C. 
hirundinis Curt.; (Chelidon urbica). 

— , 1909: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths., Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinus 
(sic) Leach, Ceratophyllus hirundinus (sic) Curt.; (Chelidon ur- 
bica). 

— , 1910: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinus (sic) Leach; (Chelidon ur- 
bica). 

— , 1910a: Ceratophyllus rothschildi Waterston, C. fringillae Roths., 
C. dalei Roths., C. farreni Roths., C. hirundinis Roths.; (C. urbica). 
Stenopteryx (sic) hirundijiis luesLch; (Chelidon urbica). 

■ — , 1914: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths., C. hirundinis Curt.; (Cheli- 
don urbica). 
Wegelin, 1933: Pulex (Ceratophyllus) avium Taschbg. ; (Mehlschwalbe) . 

— , 1934: Pulex avium L., Ceratophyllus aviam (sic) Tasch., Oecia- 
cus hirundinis ]din. (sic); (Mehlschwalbe). 

Wendt, 1937: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen. 

— , ig'^g: Oeciacus hiru7idinis Jen.; {Delichon urbica L,.) . 
Wood, 1872: Acanthia lectularia; (house-martin). 

Woodroffe, 1953: Pollenia rudis F., Scenopinus fenestralis (L.), Lyc- 
tocoris campestris (F.), Endrosis sarcitrella (L.), Hofmannophila 
pseudospretella (Staint.), Tinea columbariella (Wocke), T. pel- 
lionella (L.), Apanteles carpatus (Say), Metacoelus mansuetor 
(Grav., Anthrenus verbasci (L.), Attagenus pellio (L.), Ptinus 
fur (L.). P. pusillus Sturm., P. sexpuyictatus Panz., Tenebrio 
molitor L. Musca domestica L.; {Delichon urbica L.). 



466 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Ptinus fur L., P. tectus Boid., Te- 
phrochlamys tarsalis Zett., Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt., unde- 
termined collembola, undetermined corrodentia, Hojmannophila 
pseudospretella (Staint.), Tinaea (sic) columhariella Wocke, T. 
pellionella L., Metacoelus mansuetor Grav. 
— . 1951b: Wingless blood-sucking fly related to sheep ked, swal- 
low bug ;( house-martin). 

Delichon urbica cashmeriensis (Gould) 

Baer. 1951: Orneascus (sic) sp.; (Kashmir martin). 

Delichon urbica dasypus (Bonaparte) 

Bequaert, 1953a: Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.) ; (Delichon urbica da- 
sypus) . 

Eichler, 1940: Stenepteryx hirundinis nipponica Kishida; {Martula ur- 
bica dasypus Bp.). 

Herman, 1944: Stenopteryx (sic) nipponica Kishida; (Delichon urbica 
dasypus) . 

Huzimatu, 1938: Stenopteryx (sic) nipponica Kishida; (Delichon ur- 
bica dasypus). 

Thompson, 1953: Stenepteryx nipponica (Kishida); (Delichon urbica 
dasypus) . 

Wagner, 1927a: Ceratophyllus maculatus Wagner; (Delichon lagopoda). 

Delichon urbica meridionalis (Hartert) 
According to Meinertzhagen (1954), "-D. u. meridionalis from north- 
west Africa and southern Spain should not be recognised, as the only 
difference is a slightly shorter wing (100 — 108 mm.)". 

Eichler, 1938b: Ceratophyllus farreni meridionalis, C. hirundinis nu- 

midus; {Delichon urbica meridionalis Hartert). 
Jordan and Rothschild, 1912a: Ceratophyllus farreni meridionalis Jord. 

& Roths.; (Chelidon urbica meridionalis). 

Hirundo sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia fur. 

Bezzi, 1922: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve), Protocalliphora 
caerulea (Rob.-Desv. ). 

Frauenfeld, von, 1861: "Coriaceen-pupae". fleas, Stenopteryx (sic) hi- 
rundinis, fly-lar\ae, beetle-larvae. 

Girault, 1906: Cimex sp. 

Ritsema, 1880: Pulex rufus Grav., P. hirundinis, Ceratophyllus hi- 
rundinis. 

Rodhain and Bequaert. 1916: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve). 

Roubal, 1930: Acidota crenata F. 
— , iOi2>^: Attagenus piceus 0\. 



467 

Seguy. 1932a: Calliphora erythrocephala Meig. 

— , 1946: Passeromyia heterochaeta Villeneuve. Calliphora erythro- 
cephala, Musca domestica L., Stomoxys calcitrans L. 

— . 1950: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve), Calliphora erythro- 
cephala Meig.. Musca domestica L., Stomoxys calcitrans. 

Hirundo erythrogaster Boddaert 
Bent, 1942: Proto calliphora sp. 
Biester and DeVries, 1943: Oeciacus hirundinis, O. vicarius: (barn 

swallow) . 
Biester and Schwarte. 1952: Oeciacus vicarius; (barn swallow). 
Boyd, 1 951: Ceratophyllus gallinae ; (barn swallow). 
Butler, 1923: Cimex hirundinis Jen.; (barn swallow in U. S.). 
Gillette, i8go: Abcanthia (sic) papistrilla (sic) : (barn swallow in 

U.S.). 
Girault, 1906: Acanthia pipistrellae (sic) : (barn swallow"). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Howard, 1902: Aeciacus (sic) hirundinis Jen. ; (barn swallow). 
Howard and Marlatt, 1902: Cimicids; (barn swallow in U. S.). 
Jellison, 1940: Oeciacus vicarius Horvath; (barn swallow). 
Johnson, 1927: Protocalliphora splendida form sialia: (barn swallow). 

— , 1^2^: Protocalliphora splendida; (barn swallow) . 

— , igagh: Protocalliphora sp.: (barn swallow). 

— • , 1930: Protocalliphora sialia Shan. & Dobr. ; (barn swallow). 

— , ig^i: Protocalliphora sialia; (barn swallow). 

— , 1932: Calliphora viridescens, Lucilia sericata; (barn swallow). 
Linsley, 1944: Anthrenus lepidus, A. occidens Csv., Attagenus nigripes 

Csy. ^ 
— ■ . 1946: Anthrenus lepidus Lee, A. verbasci (L.), Tinaea (sic) 

pellionella (L.); (Hirundo erythrogaster). 
Mason, 1944: Protocalliphora splendida Macq., Tenebrio obscurus ¥., 

Attagenus piceus OL, Attagenus sp.; [Hirundo erythrogastra (sic)). 
Myers, 1927: Cimicid, Cimex hirundinis Jen.; (?barn swallow). 
Osborn, 1892: Cimex hirundinis; (barn swallow). 

— , 1896: Acanthia hirundinis Jen.; (barn swallow). 

— , 1915: Acanthia hirundinis Jen.; (barn swallow). 

Rothschild and Clay. 1952: Cimicid; (Hirundo rustica erythrogaster). 
Spencer, 1934: Oeciacus vicarius Horv. ; [Hirundo erythrogastra (sic) 

Bodd.). 
^Voods. 1926: Protocalliphora splendida; [Hirundo erythrogastra (sic)). 

Hirundo rustica Linnaeus 

Audcent, 1942: Protocalliphora azurea Fall., Sarcophaga melanura Mg., 
Calliphora erythrocephala Mg. ; [Hirundo rustica rustica L.). 

Bequaert, 1953a: Ornithomyia biloba Dufour, Stenepteryx hirundinis 
(L.); (Hirundo rustica). 



468 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia hiloba Dufour; (Hirundo rustica). 
Bequaert and Leclercq, 1947: Stenepteryx hirundinis, Ornithomyia 

bilobaT>ufou.r; (Hirundo rustica). 
Boyd, 1935: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. {Phormia sordida 

Zett.) ; (Hirundo rustica rustica). 

— 5 1935b: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., Phormia sordida Zett. 
(= Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv.), Troctes divinitorius 
(sic) Miill., Lepinotus inquilinus Heyd., Forficula auricularia L., 
Lyctocoris campestris F., Borkhausenia pseudospretella Staint., 
Endrosis lactella Schiff., Tinea pellionella L., Cartodere ruficollis 
Marsh., Amara apricaria Sturm., Haematopota pluvialis L., Fannia 
scalaris F.; (Hirundo rustica rustica). 

■ — ■ , 1936: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. garei Roths., Phormia sor- 
dida Zett. (= Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv.), Mormoniella 
vitripennis Walk., Troctes divinitorius (sic) Miill, Forficula auri- 
cularia L., Lyctocoris campestris F., Borkhausenia pseudospretella 
Staint., Endrosis lactella Schiff., Tinea pellionella L., Tineola bisel- 
liella (sic) Hum., Cartodere ruficollis Marsh., Attagenus pellio L., 
Ornithomyia biloba Duf. ; (Hirundo rustica rustica). 

Boyd, 1 951: Ceratophyllus fringillae; (barn swallow (Hirundo rustica)). 

Collart, ig47a: Ornithomyia biloba Dufour. 

— , ig^yb: Microchrysa flavicornis M.eig. 

Cornelius, 1869: Ptinus sp., Cryptophagus sp., Lathridius sp., Ornitho- 
myia tenella Rogenhofer, Lepisma sacharina (sic), Tenebrio moli- 
tor, Attagenus pellio; (Hirundo rustica). 

Dampf, 1908: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis); (Hirundo rustica). 

— , 1908b: Ceratophyllus farreni Roths., C. gallinae, C. troglodytes; 
(Hirundo rustica). 

— , 1926: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis), C. rusticus Wagner; 
(Rauchschwalbe) . 

Douglas, 1871: Ptinus sp., Cryptophagus sp., Lathridius sp., Oriiitho- 
myia tenella, Lepisma saccharina, Tenebrio molitor, Attagenus 
pellio; (Hirundo rustica). 

Drensky, 1928: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen. ; (Hirundo rustica). 

du Buysson, 1923a: Ornithomyia fringillina Curt. 

Eichler, 1935: Oeciacus hirundinis; {Hirundo rustica rustica L.). 

— , I936d: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.); (Rauchschwalbe). 
Thriphleps (sic) majusculus Reut. ; (Hirundo rustica rustica). 

— , ig^j: Oeciacus hirundinis hirundinis. 

■ — , 1937a: Cryptophagus sp., Attagenus pellio, A. piceus megatoma, 
Cartodere ruficollis, Lepinotus inquilinus, Liposcelis divinatorius , 
Psocus domesticus, Trogium pulsatorium. Tinea fuscipunctella, For- 
ficula auricularia; (Hirundo rustica rustica). 

— , 1937b: Borkhausenia pseudospretella, Endrosis lactella, Tinea 
pellionella, Tineola biselliella (sic) ; (Hirundo rustica rustica). 

— , 1938b: Ceratophyllus rusticus V^dignev; (Hirundo rustica). 



469 

Eichler, 1939b: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagn. 

— • 1939c: Stenepteryx hirundinis L.; (Hirundo rustica). 
— • . 1940: Stenopteryx (sic) sp.; (Hirundo rustica). 

— , 1942: Protocalliphora sordida Zett., Ornithomyia biloba Dufour, 
Ceratophyllus hirundinis Roths., C. rusticus Wagner. 

— , i^^o: Protocalliphora sordida; (Rauchschwalbe) . 
Falcoz, 1926: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L. 

Frank, 1913: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Stallschwalbe). 

Frauenfeld, von, 1861: Fleas, "Coriaceen-puppen", caterpillars, beetle 

larvae; (Hirundo rustica). 
Galli-Valerio, 1907: Ornithomyia aviculariaL.; (Hirundo rustica). 

— , 192 1 : Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Hirundo rustica). 
— - , 1922: Acanthia hirundinis Lam.; (Hirundo rustica). 

— , 1930a: Phormia azurea Wall, (sic), Acanthia hirundinis Lam.; 
(Hirundo rustica). 

Godan, 1952a: Ptinus fur L.; (Rauchschwalbe). 

Guide, 1941: Oeciacus hirundinis ]en.; (Rauchschwalbe). 

Hase, 1938: Cimex lectularius L.; (Hirundo rustica). 
— • . I ^/\.o: Ornithomyia biloh a Tiuionr; (Rauchschwalbe). 

Hennicke, 1901: Ornithomyia avicularia L., Tinea spretella S. V., At- 
tagenus megatoma ¥.. Atropos pulsatoria Leach. Stenopteryx (sic) 
sp., Pulex hirundinis Gerv.. lepidopterous larvae. 

Hermann, 1804: Punaise des lits; (hirondelle de cheminee). 

Hoffmann, 1913a: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Hirundo rustica). 

Jacobson, 1940: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagn.; (Hirundo rustica). 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis), C. rusticus (Wagner). 

Jellison, 1940: Tinea pellionella, Tineola biselliella (sic) : {Hirundo 
(sic) rustica). 

Keilin, 1924a: Fleas, moth larvae or pupae, Phormia azurea; (Hirundo 
rustica). 

Kemper, 1938: Lepisma saccharina, Lathridius sp., Cryptophagus den- 
tatus, Attagenus piceus, Attagenus sp., Mottenlarven, Lyctocoris 
campestris, Niptus hololeucus, Ptinus fur, Flohe, Tinea pelliojiella, 
Cartodere filiformis, Cryptophagus sp., Attagenus pellio, Ptinus 
brunneus, Tenebrio molitor, Copeognathen, Trogium pulsatorium, 
Nebrobia (sic) violacea, Tineola biselliella (sic), Ptinid larven, 
Enicmus sp., Dermestes lardarius, Anthrenus scrophulariae, Fan- 
nia sp., Typhaea stercoraia (sic). 

— , 1938a: Lepisma saccharina L., Forficula auricularia L., Liposcelis 
divinatorius Miill., Lepinotus inquilinus Heyd., Trogium pulsato- 
rium L., Oeciacus hirundinis Jen., Lyctocoris campestris F., Necro- 
bia violacea L., Dermestes lardarius L., D. murinus L., Attagenus 
pellio L., A. piceus Ol., Anthrenus scrophulariae L., A. verbasci L., 
Cryptophagus dentatus Hbst., Lathridius sp., Enicmus minutus 
L., Cartodere filiformis Gyll., Typhaea stercoraria L., Niptus holo- 
leucus Fald., Ptinus fur L., P. brunneus Dft., Tenebrio molitor L., 
Tinea fuscipunctella Hw., T. pellionella L., Tineola biselliella 



470 

(sic) Hum., Endrosis lacteella (sic) Schiff., Hofmannophila pseu- 

dospretella Stt.; (Rauchschwalbe) . 
Kemper, 1939: Dermestes lardarius, D. vulpinus, D. peruuianus, Attage- 

nus pellio, A. piceus, Anthrenus scrophulariae, A. pimpinellae, A. 

verbasci, A. museorum; (Rauchschwalbe). 
Lehnert, 1933: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis, Ceratophyllus gallinae 

Schr. ; ( Rauchschwalbe ) . 
Leleup, 1947c: Mallophaga, hemiptera, siphonaptera, diptera, undeter- 
mined insects; {Hirundo rustica rustica L.). 
Low, 1861: Ornthomyia avicularia Latr., Tinea spretella S. V., Attage- 

nus megatoma F., Atropos pulsatoria Leach, therevid fly larvae. 

other caterpillars besides Tinea, Psocus domesticus Burm., Cryp- 

tophagus sp.; (Hirundo rustica). 

— , 1867: Muscid pupae, pteromalids {Tridynius sp.?). Ornithomyia 
avicularia Latr., Attagenus megatoma ¥., Pulex hirundinis Kohler. 
Ptinus fur L., Psocus domesticus Burm. 

Maitland, 18^8: Pulex Hirundinis Curtis; ( boerenzwalu w j . 

Mallis, 1945: Oeciacus hirundinus (sic) (Jenyns) ; (European barn- 
swallow) . 

Menegaux, 1939: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv."), P. falcozi Se- 
guy; (Hirundo rustica). Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner; {Hirundo 
rustica rustica L.). Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.). 

Muzik, 191 1 : Oeciacus hirundinis "^en.-. (Hirundo rustica). 

Niethammer, 1937: Insects, Tineola biselliella (sic), Attagenus pellio, 
dermestids, Ornithomyia biloba, Ceratophyllus rusticus, Hirundoe- 
cus malleus; {Hirundo rustica rustica L.). 

Noller, 1919: Stomoxys calcitrans; (Hirundo rustica). 

— , 1920: Protocalliphora (Phormia) azurea, Ornithomyia fringillina 
Curtis ; ( Rauchschwalbe ) . 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. hirundinis Sam., C. 
rusticus Wagner; (Hirundo rustica). 

— , 1936: Anthrenus museorum L., A. verbasci L., Attagenus pellio 
(L.), Dermestes lardarius L., D. murinus L., Dendrophilus puncta- 
tus Hbst., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Saprinus aeneus F., Car- 
todere filiformis Gyll., Corticaria serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus 
L., Euplectus karsteni Reichenb., Neuraphes rubicundus Schaum. 
Acidota crenata F., Atheta nidicola Johans., A. nigricornis Thoms., 
Microglossa pulla Gyll., Quedius umbrinus Er., Ornithomyia avicu- 
laria L., Omphrale fenestralis L., Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. 
hirundinis Sam., C. rusticus Wagner, Lepidocyrtus cyaneus TuUb., 
Xenylla maritima Tullb., Hoffmanophila (sic) pseudospretella 
Stt., Tinea fuscipunctella L., Chremylus rubiginosus Neer., Philo- 
pterus excisus N., Menopon rusticum N. 

O'Mahony, 1939: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.: {Hirundo rustica ru- 
stica L.). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea, Protocalliphora (= Apaulina of 
Hall) ; (Hirundo rustica). 



471 

Owen and Ash, 1955: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (Hirundo ru- 

stica) . 
Pawlowsky, 1927: Oeciacus hirundinis ]en. ; (Hirundo rustica). 
Perris, 1870: Scenopinus fenestralis L., Lucilia dispar Duf. ; (hirondelle 

de cheminee). 
Feus, 1938: Ceratophyllus jarreni Roths., C. hirundinis, C. rusticus 

Wagner; (Rauchschwalbel. 

— , 1939: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner, C. hirundinis Roths.; (Hi- 
rundo rustica). 

Reichert, 1939: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis; (Hirundo rustica). 
Rondani, 1879: Chelidomyia hirundinis h.; (Hirundinihus rustica) . 
Rothschild, 1947: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner, C. gallinae, C. frin- 
gillae Walker. 

— , 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Koths. Ceratophyl- 
lus hirundinis Curtis. C. rusticus Wagner; (Hirundo rustica). 

Roubaud, 191 7: Phormia azurea Fallen; (Hirundo rustica). 

Sack, 1899: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Rauchschwalbe). 

Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1955: Stenepteryx hirundinis L.; (boeren- 

zwaluw) . 
Seguy, 1928: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv.; (Chelidon rustica). 

— , 1929: Ophyra leucostoma Wiedmann (sic), Calliphora erythroce- 
phala Meig., Phormia regina Meig., Fannia canicularis L., F. scala- 
ris F., Musca dornestica L., Muscina stabulans Fallen, Stomoxys 
calcitrans L., Omphrale albicincta Rossi, O. fenestralis L., O. senilis 
F., Sarcophaga melanura Meigen; (Chelidon rustica). Omphrale 
fenestralis L. : (hirondelle de cheminee). 

— , 1932a: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis (L.) ; {Chelidon rustica L.). 
Omphrale albicincta Rossi, O. fenestralis L., O. senilis F., Fannia 
canicularis L., F. scalaris F., Ophyra leucostoma Wied., Muscina 
stabulans Fallen, Stomoxys calcitrans L., Musca domestica L., Sar- 
cophaga melanura Meig., Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; 
(C. rustica). Omphrale fenestralis L.; (hirondelle de cheminee). 

— ■ ! 1933- Fannia canicularis (L.) ; (Chelidon rustica). 

— , 1936: Stenepteryx hirundinis (L.) ; {Chelidon rustica L.). 

— , 1937: Lucilia dispar Duf., Scenopinus fenestralis; (hirondelles 
de cheminee). 

— , 1937a: Fannia scalaris (F.), F. canicularis (L.), Ophyra leuco- 
stoma (Wiedemann), Muscina sp., Musca sp.; (Chelidon rustica). 

— . 1938a: Ceratophyllus Dalei Roths.; (hirondelle des cheminees). 

— , 1944: Ceratophyllus hirundinis (Curtis). 

— , 1946: Ophyra leucostoma Wiedmann (sic), Protocalliphora sp.; 
(hirondelle de cheminee). Ophyra leucostoma (Wiedmann (sic). 
Calliphora vomitoria (L.); {Hirundo rustica (LV). Fannia mani- 
cata (Meig.). 

— ■ , ig^o: Protocalliphora sp.; (hirondelle de cheminee) . 
Seidel, 1932: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Hirundo rustica). 

— , 1937: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. rusticus Wagn., C. hi- 
rundinis Sam. 



472 

Sickmann, 1883 — 1884: Tenebrio molitor L., Attagenus pellio L., Ptinus 
fur L., Kafer, Coccinella y-punctata L., Aphodius fimetarius L., A. 
foetens, Exochus sp., Pieris hrassicae L., Tinea spretella S. V., En- 
drosis lacteella (sic) S. V., moth, muscid, small fly, Ornithom. 
tenella, Acanthia hirundinis Jen., Lyctocoris domesticus SchilL, 
Troctes diuinatorius Miill., Pulex gallinae Bouche, Endromis (sic) 
lacteella (sic) . 

Speiser, 1909: Protocalliphora azurea Fall.; (Rauchschwalbe). 

Szekessy, 1948: Anthrenus scrophulariae L., Attagenus piceus Ol., Pti- 
nus fur L., Tenebrio molitor L., Meligethes aeneus (F.), therevid, 
Triphleps majuscula Reut., tineid, Solenobia sp. 

— , 1950: Anthrenus scrophulariae L., Dermestes lardarius L., Den- 
drophilus punctatus Hbst., Cartodere filiformis Gyll., Corticaria 
serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus L., Euplectus karsteni var. falsus 
Bedel., Ptinus fur L., Tenebrio molitor L. ; (Hirundo rustica). 

Thompson, 1935b: Triphleps majusculus Reut.; {Hirundo r. rustica L.). 

— , 1937c: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. ^ar^z Roths. ; {Hirundo ru- 
stica rustica L.). 

- — • , 1938b: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; {Hirundo r. rustica L.). 
Titschack, 1929: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner; (Rauchschwalbe). 
Wagner, 1903: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt., C. rusticus Wagner. 

— , 1936a: Ceratophyllus rusticus Wagner; (Hirundo rustica). Cerato- 
phyllus hirundinis Curt.; (Rauchschwalbe). 

• — • , 1939: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curt.. C. rusticus Wagn., C.farreni 
Roths. ; ( Rauchschwalbe ) . 
Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Hirundo rustica). 

— , 1914: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Hiruyido rustica). 
Wendt, 1937: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen. : (Rauchschwalbe). 

— • . ig'^g: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen. 

Woodroffe, 1953: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen), Scenopinus fenestra- 
lis (L.), Lyctocoris campestris (F.), Hofmannophila pseudospretella 
(Staint.), Tinea columbariella (Wocke),T. pellionella {L.),Apante- 
les carpatus Say, Metacoelus mansuetor (Grav.), Mormoniella 
vitripennis (Walker), Anthrenus verbasci (L.), Attagenus pellio 
(L.), Ptinus fur (L.), P. pusillus Sturm., P. tectus Boied., Tene- 
brio molitor L. 

Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L., O. fringillina Curtis; (Cheli- 
don rustica). 

Zavattari, 19 14: Ceratophyllus hirundinis Curtis. 

Hirundo semirufa gordoni Jardine 
Rodhain and Bequaert, 1916: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve) ; 

{Hirundo gordoni Jard.). 
Rodhain and Villeneuve. 1915: Passeromyia sp.; {Hirundo gordoni 

Jard.). 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve); {Hirundo Gor- 

dojii Jard.). 



473 

Hirundo senegalensis monteiri Hartlaub 

Rodhain and Bequaert, 1916: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve) ; 
{Hirundo monteiroi (sic) Hart.). 

Rodhain and Villeneuve, 1915: Passeromyia sp.; {Hirundo monteiroi 
(sic) Hard.). 

Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve); {Hirundo Mon- 
teiroi (sic) Hard.). 

Iridoprocne sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia (Pseudornithomyia) ambigua. 

Iridoprocne bicolor (Vieillot) 
Blester and DeVries, 1943: Ceratophyllus gallinae; (tree swallow). 
Blester and Schwarte, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae; (tree swallow). 
Boyd, 195 1 : Ceratophyllus gallinae; (Iridoprocne bicolor). 
Chapman, 1935: Protocalliphora sp. ; (Iridoprocne bicolor). 
Fox, 1940: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths.; (tree swallow). 
Fuller, 1943a: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.) ; 

(Iridoprocne bicolor). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Holland, 1949: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths.; (Iridoprocne bicolor). 
Hubbard, 1947: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths.; (Iridoprocne 

bicolor). 
Jellison and Good, 1942: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Iridoprocne 

bicolor). Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths.; (Iridiprocne (sic) 

bicolor). 
Johnson, 1925: Protocalliphora splendida Macq. ; (tree swallow). 

— , IQ2T. Protocalliphora sple7idida iorm sialia; (tree swallow) . 

— , 1927a: Protocalliphora splendida form sialia, fleas; (tree swallow). 

— , 1929b: Protocalliphora splendida sialia Shann. & Dobr. ; (tree 
swallow) . 

— , 1930: Protocalliphora sialia Shan. & Dobr., Protocalliphora sp.; 
(tree swallow). 

— • , i^2>^: Protocalliphora sialia; (tree swallow). 
— • , I g-^a: Protocalliphora sialia, i\ea.s; (tree swallow). 
Jordan, 1928a: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. idius Jord. & Roths.; 

{Iridiprocne (sic) bicolor). 
■ — ■ , 1929a: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths.; {Iridoprocne bicolor 

Vieillot). 

— , 1937: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths.; (Tachycincta bicolor). 
Mason, 1936: Protocalliphora sp.; (tree swallow). 

■ — , 1944: Protocalliphora splendida Macq., Mormoniella vitripennis, 
Sarcophaga sp.; (Iridoprocne bicolor). 

Morgan, 1944: Larvae of blood-sucking flies; (tree swallow). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora (= Apaulina of Hall), Mormoniella vitri- 
pennis; (Iridoprocne bicolor). 



474 

Seguy, 1944: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; {Iridoprocne hicolor 

Vieillot). 
Wagner, 1936b: Ceratophyllus idius Jor. & Roths.; (Iridoprocne bicolor). 
Wolfson, 1955: Fleas; (Iridoprocne bicolor). 

Lagenoplastes ariel (Gould) 
Hindwood, 1951a: Monopis crocicapitella (Clemens); (Hylochelidon 

ariel) . 
McKeown, 1942: Hippoboscids ; ( fairy martin ) . 

Notiochelidon sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Crataerina seguyi, Ornithomyia (Pseudornithomyia) 
ambigua. 

Petrochelidon sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia comosa, O. inocellata. 

Bezzi, 1922: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.). 

Blatchley, 1926: Oeciacus vicariusWowdiih; (cliff swallow). 

Dobroscky, ig2^: Protocalliphora sp.; (cliff swallow). 

Herms, 1950: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen), Hylemyia nidicola 

Aldrich; (cliff swallow). 
Smart, 1948: Xenopsylla trispinus (sic) Waterston. 

Petrochelidon albifrons (Rafinesque) 
Bacon, 1953: Ceratophyllus sp.; (Petrochelidon albifrons). 
Baerg, 1944: Oeciacus vicarius Horvath, Ceratophyllus celsus Jord., 

Myrsidea dissimilis (Kell.) ; {Petrochelidon albifrons albifrons 

(Raf.)). 
Beal, 1954: Trogoderma sternale maderae Beal; (Petrochelidon albi- 
frons) . 
Brumpt, 1949: Oeciacus vicarius Horv. ; (Petrochelidon lunifrons). 
Eichler, 1935: Oeciacus vicarius How.; {Petrochelidon lunifrons (Say)). 
Fox, 1940: Ceratophyllus celsus Jordan; (northern cliff swallow). 
Fuller, 1943a: Ceratophyllus celsus ]orda.n; (cliff swallow) . 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina aenea (Shan. & Dobr.) ; (Petrochelidon albifrons 

albifrons). Apaulina sp., A. hesperia (Shan. & Dobr.), A. hirundo 

(Shan. & Dobr.) ; {Petrochelidon albifrons albifrons (Raf.) ). 
Holland, 195 1: Ceratophyllus petrochelidoni Wagner; {Petrochelidon 

pyrrhonata (sic) albifrons (Raf.)). 
Jellison, Kohls, and Mills, 1943: Ceratophyllus celsus celsus Jord.: 

(Petrochelidon albifrons). 
Leidy, 1877: Cimex hirundinis; (cliff swallow in western part of the 

United States). 
Linsley, 1944: Anthrenus lepidus, Attagenus nigripes Csy., Trogoderma 

sternale Jayne; (cliff swallow). 
— , 1946: Attagenus nigripes Casey, Trogoderma sternale, Tinaea 

(sic) pellionella (L.); (Petrochelidon albifrons). 



475 

Myers, 1927: Oeciacus vicarius Horv.; {Petrochelidon lunijrons (Say)). 

— , 1928: Oeciacus vicarius Horv.; {Petrochelidon lunifrons (Say)). 
Plath, 1916b: Phormia azurea Fallen, POecacus (sic) (Acanthia) hirun- 

dinis Jen.; {Petrochelidon albifrons Say). Hylemyia nidicola Al- 
drich; (Petrochelidon albifrons). 
Seguy, 1946: Protocalliphora splendida (Macq.) ; {Petrochelidon albi- 
frons Say). 

— , 1950: Protocalliphora splendida Macq. ; (Petrochelido7i albifrons). 
Shannon and Dobroscky, 1924: Protocalliphora splendida hirundo Shan. 

& Dobr. ; {Petrochelidon albifrons Say). 

Spencer, 1934: Oeciacus vicarius Horv.: {Petrochelidon lunifrons 
(Say)). 

Stadler, 1948: Ceratophyllus celsus celsus; {Petrochelidon albifrons in 
New York). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Ceratophyllus celsus Jord.; (Petroche- 
lidon albifrons). 

Wolfson, 1955: Fleas; (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota). 

Petrochelidon fulva (Vieillot) 
Girault, 1906: Bugs; (Hirundo fulva). 
Jordan, 1929: Ceratophyllus celsus apricus Jordan; (Petrochelidon 

fulva). 
Stadler, 1948: Ceratophyllus celsus apricus Jordan; {Petrochelidon 

fulva cavicola in Cuba) . 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Ceratophyllus celsus apricus Jordan; 

(Petrochelidon fulva cavicola). 

Petrochelidon spilodera (Sundevall) 
Bedford, 1932: Xenopsylla trispinus (sic) Waterston; (Petrochelidon 

spilodera). 
Jordan, 1925: Xenopsylla trispinus (sic) Waterston; (Petrochelidon 

spilodera) . 
Waterston, 191 1: Xenopsylla trispinis Waterston; (cliff swallow (Pe- 
trochelidon spilodera) at King William's Town, South Africa). 

Progne sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia (Pseudornithomyia) atnbigua. 
Castellani and Chalmers, 1919: Oeciacus vicarius; (martin in North 
America). 

Progne subis (Linnaeus) 

Eichler, 1937a: Attagenus piceus; (Progne subis). 

— , 1939b: Cimicid; {Progne subis h.) . 

Fox, 1940: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths.; (Progne subis). 

Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp.; {Progne subis subis (L.)). Apaulina metallica 

(Townsend), Mormoriiella vitripennis (Walker) ; (purple martin at 

Quebec ) . 



476 

Hinton, 1945: Dermestes lardarius L.; (purple martin). 

Horvath, 191 2: Hesperocimex color adensis List (according to Lee, 
1955) ; (Progne purpurea). 

Hubbard, 1947: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths.; (purple martin). 

Kemper, 1938a: Liposcelis divinatorius Miill., Attagenus piceus Ol., 
Tinea juscipunctella Hw., Fannia scalaris C, Sarcophaga haemorr- 
hoidalis Meig. ; (Progne subis). 

Lee and Ryckman, 1955: Hesperocimex coloradensis List; (Progne 
subis). 

Linsley, 1944: Liposcelis divinatorius (Miill.), Tinea juscipunctella 
Haw.; (purple martin). Attagenus piceus (Oliv.), Trogoderma sp., 
Carcinops 14-striatus Steph.; [Progne subis subis (L)). 
■ — , 1946: Attagenus piceus Oliv., Tinaea (sic) juscipunctella Haw.; 
(purple martin). 

List, 1925: Hesperocimex coloradensis List; (Progne purpurea). 

McAtee, 1927: Troctes divinatorius Miiller, Tinea sp., Silvanus planatus 
Germ., Attagenus sp., Sciara sp., Scenopinidae, Fannia scalaris F., 
Sarcophaga haemorrhoidalis Fallen, sarcophagid puparia, Neossos 
marylandica Malloch, Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths., Apanteles 
carpatus Say, Pachycrepoideus dubius Ashmead; (Progne subis) 

— , 1929: Troctes divinatorius Miiller, Tinea juscipunctella Haworth 
Attagenus piceus OL, Trogoderma sp., Carcinops 14-striata Steph. 
Scenopinus jenestralis L., Plectops pruinosa Malloch, Protocalli 
phora splendida Macq., Hylemyia sp., Neossos marylandica Mai 
loch, Mormoniella abnormis Boheman, Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & 
Roths.; (Progne subis). 

— , iQ/\.o: Protocalliphora sp.; (purple martin) . 
Malloch, 1927: Neossos marylandica Malloch; (Progne subis). 
Melander, ig^2: Neossos marylandica MaUoch; (purple martin). 
Pinto, 1930: Cimex vicarius (Horvath); (andorinhas [progne (sic) pur- 
purea) ). 

Reuter, 191 3: Oeciacus vicarius Horv.; (Progne purpurea). 

Riley and Johannsen, 1932: Hesperocimex coloradensis List; (Progne 

purpurea). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Cimicidae; (Progne subis). 
Seguy, iQ/^6: Protocalliphora splendida (Macq.); (Progne subis). 

— , iQ^o: Protocalliphora splendida M.2icq.; (Progne subis). 
Whitehead, 1933: Ceratophyllus idius Jord. & Roths., Protocalliphora 

splendida Macq., Dermestes lardarius L., Troctes divinitoria (sic) 
L.; (Progne subis). Mormoniella vitripennis (Walker); (purple 
martin ) . 

Psalidoprocne sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia jur. 

Ptyonoprogne rupestris (Scopoli) 
Peus, 1939: Siphonaptera; (Riparia rupestris). 



477 

Riparia sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia comosa. 

Bezzi, 1922: ProtocalUphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; (Cotyle). 

Stadler, 1948: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Riparia sp. in 

U.S.A.). Frentopsylla (sic) lapponica Nordb.; [Riparia sp. in 

Finland). 
Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths. 

Riparia paludicola (Vieillot) 
Fletcher, 1923: Hippoboscid {POrnithomyia sp.) ; (Indian sandmartin 
(Riparia hrevicaudata)) . 

Riparia riparia (Linnaeus) 
Agrell, 1945: Microglossa nidicola; (sand-martin). 
Allan, 1950: Ceratophyllus Styx Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 
Audcent, 1942: ProtocalUphora azurea Fall.; {Riparia riparia 

riparia L.). 
Bacon, 1953: Ceratophyllus celsus celsus Jordan; (Riparia riparia). 
Baer, 1951 : Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (sand-martin). 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus styx Koths.; (Cotile riparia). 
Baker, 1904: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 
Bedwell, 1905: Aleochara cuniculorum Kr. ; (sand-martin). 

— , igo6: Aleochara cuniculorum K.r.; (sand-martin). 

Bequaert, 1953a: Ornithomyia sp., O. biloba Dufour; (Riparia riparia). 
Beyer, 1938: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths. 
Bezzi, 1922: ProtocalUphora azurea (Fallen) ; (Riparia riparia). 
Bickhardt, 1907: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Uferschwalbe). 

— , igo-jh: Microglossa nidicola Ydinva.; (Uferschwalbe). 

— , 191 1 : Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Uferschwalbe). 
— • , iQi^: Microglossa nidicola; (Uferschwalbe). 

Bignell, 1891 : Fleas, beetle; (Cotile riparia). 

Blyth, 1947: Fleas; (sand-martin). 

Brauer, 1883: Calliphora chrysorhoea (sic) Mg. ; (Uferschwalbe). 

Britten, 1920: Ceratophyllus styx, Koths.; (sand-martin). 

Britten and Thompson, 1934: Bairarnlia nidicola Ferriere; (sand- 
martin). 

Butler, 1923: Cimex hirundinis ]en.; (sand-martin). 

Carr, 1916: Microglossa nidicola Fairm., Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; 
(sand-martin). 

Cheesman, 1932: Sand-martin flea; (sand-martin). 

Collin, 1930: Meoneura lamellata Collin; (sand-martin). 

Colyer, 1954: Conicera tibialis Schmitz; (sand-martin). 

Cooreman, 1946: Ctenophtalmus (sic) agyrtes Hell., Rectofrontia pen- 
tacanthus Roths., Ctenophtalmus (sic) congener Koths., Megabothris 
turbidus Roths.; {Riparia riparia L.). 

— , 1947b: Ceratophyllus styx (Roths.). 



478 

Cornelius, 1869: Saprinus rugifer, Haploglossa pulla Gyll., Aleochara 

nidicola Fairm.; (Hirundo riparia). 
Dampf, 1907: Ceratophyllus Styx Roths.; (Cotyle riparia). 

— , 1908: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Clivicola riparia). 

— , 1908a: Ceratophyllus styx Roths., C. troglodytes; (Clivicola ri- 
paria) . 

— , 1908b: Ctenophthalmus agyrtes (Heller), Ceratophyllus sp.; 
(Clivicola riparia). 

— , 1926: Ceratophyllus styx Koths.; (Uferschwalbe). 

Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp., Ceratophyllus sp.; (bank swal- 
low). 
Donisthorpe, 1937: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (sand-martin). 

— , i^'^<^: Microglossa nidicola Vdaun.; (sand-martin). 
Douglas, 1867: Haploglossa nidicola, fleas; (sand-martin). 

— , 1871: Saprinus rugifer, Haploglossa pulla Gyll., H. nidicola 
Fairm.; (Hirundo riparia). 

Drensky, 1928: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Hirundo riparia). 

Dubois, 1886 — 1888: Cimex hirundinis Jenynson (sic); (hirondelles de 

rivage ) . 
du Buysson, 1923: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; {Cotyle riparia Boie.). 
Eichler, 1935: Oeciacus hirundinis; {Riparia riparia riparia (L.)). 

— , I936d: Protocalliphora azurea (Fall.) ; (Riparia riparia). 

— , 1937: Oeciacus hirundinis hirundinis ; {Riparia riparia L.). 

— ■> ^937^: Calliphora vomitoria, Musca domestica L.. Lasius niger 
americanus; (Riparia riparia riparia). 

■ — ■ , 1938b: Ceratophyllus styx styx Roths.; (Riparia riparia riparia). 

— , 1939b: Protocalliphora azurea Fallen, Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; 
{Riparia riparia L.). 

— , 1942: Protocalliphora chrysorrhoea Meigen, Ceratophyllus styx 
styx Roths.; {Riparia riparia riparia L.). 

Engel, 1920: Protocalliphora azurea Fall.; {Riparia riparia riparia 

(L.)). Staphylinids, dermestids; (R. r. riparia). 
Engelhart, 1901 — ^1902: Haploglossa pulla Gyll.; (sandsvalen). 
Evans, 1904: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cotile riparia). 
— ■ , \^o^: Ceratophyllus styx 'R.o\h%.; (sand-martin). 
■ — • , 1910: Ceratophyllus styx; (sand-martin). 
Everts, 1903: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Hirundo riparia). 
— • , 1922: Aleochara cuniculorum Kr.; (Uferschwalbe). 
Fagel, 1946: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Cotyle riparia). 

■ — ■ , 1^4."]: Microglotta nidicola Fairm.; (hirondelle des rivages). 
Fairmaire, 1852: Puces, Aleochara nidicola Fairm.; (hirondelles de 

rivages). 
Falcoz, 1914: Aleochara cuniculorum Kr., Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; 
(hirondelle de rivage). Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Cotyle ri- 
paria) . 

— , 1926: Ornithomyia aviculariah.; {Hirundo riparia L.). 
Fowler. 1888: Microglossa pulla Gyll.. M. nidicola Fairm.; (sand-martin). 



479 

Fowler and Donisthorpe, 191 3: Saprinus virescens Payk.; (sand-mar- 
tin). 

Fox, 1940: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Riparia riparia 
riparia L. ) . 

Frank, 1913: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Uferschwalbe). 

Freeman, 1939: Ceratophyllus styx (Roths.); {Riparia riparia ripa- 
ria{L.)). 

Froeschner, 1954: Ceuthoplnlus pallidus Thomas; (bank swallow). 

Fuller, 1943a: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Riparia riparia 
riparia) . 
— ■ , 1943b: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 

Ganglbauer, 1895: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; [Hirundo riparia L.). 

Gridelli, 1924: Quedius injuscatus Er., Microglossa nidicola; (Hirundo 
riparia). 

Guide, 1941: Oeciacus hirundinis ]en.; (Uferschwalbe). 

Halbert, 1935: Oeciacus hirundinis ]en.; (sand-martin). 

Hall, 1948: Apaulina metallica; (Riparia riparia riparia). Apaulina sp.; 
{Riparia riparia riparia (L.)). 

Hamm, 1939a: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cotile riparia). 

Heim de Balsac, 1938: Microglotta nidicola; (Riparia riparia). 

Heinz, 1954: Protocalliphora chrysorrhoea Mg., P. sordida Zett. ; (Ri- 
paria riparia). 

Hennicke, 1901: Stenopteryx (sic) hirundinis L., Calliphora chrysorr- 
hoea, Ornithomyia avicularia L., Pulex avium; {Clivicola ripa- 
ria{L.)). 

Hennig, 1937: Meoneura lamellata Collin; {Riparia riparia L.). 

— , 1939: Protocalliphora azurea (Fall.); (Riparia riparia). Proto- 
calliphora chrysorrhoea Mg. ; (Uferschwalbe). 

— , 1952: Protocalliphora chrysorrhea (sic) Mg., P. sordida Zett.; 
(Uferschwalbe). 

Heselhaus, 1914: Microglossa nidicola Fairm., undetermined suctoria; 
{Cotyle riparia Boie.). 

— , 1 9 15: Microglossa nidicola Fairm., Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; 
{Cotyle riparia Boie). 

— , 1^2'^: Microglossa nidicola Yairm.; (Uferschwalbe). 
Hesse, 1923: Protocalliphora azurea Fallen; {Riparia riparia L.). 
Holland, 1940: Ceratophyllus celsus celsus Jord.; {Riparia riparia L.). 

— , 1949: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 
Hubbard, 1947: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths. ; (Riparia riparia). 

Ceratophyllus celsus celsus Jord.; (bank swallow in Montana) . 

Hubbell, 1936: Ceuthophilus pallidus Thomas; (bank swallow). 

Jacobson, 1940: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus styx (Roths.); {Riparia riparia h.) . 

Jellison, 1940: Protocalliphora sialia Shan. & Dobr.; (swallow from Flat- 
head County, Montana (probably Riparia riparia)). Ceratophyllus 
riparius Jord. & Roths., C. celsus Jord.; (Riparia riparia). 



48o 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Ri- 

paria riparia, Clivicola riparia) . 
Jellison, Kohls, and Mills, 1943: Ceratophyllus celsus celsus Jord., C. 

riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 
Johansen, 1914: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Hirundo riparia L.). 
Jordan, 1929b: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 
Jordan and Rothschild. 191 1: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cotyle 

riparia) . 

— , 1920a: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 
Joy, 1905: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (sand-martin). 

— , 1906c: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (sand-martin). 

— , K^-^^: Microglossa nidicola Ydarm.; (sand-martin). 

Kemper, 1938a: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen., Cryptophagus saginatus Strm.. 

C. cellaris Scop., C distinguendus Strm., Musca domestica L., Cal- 

liphora vomitoria L.; (Uferschwalbe) . 
Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; {Riparia riparia riparia L.). 

— , I947i: Ceratophyllus styx Roths., Microglotta nidicola Fairm.: 
{Riparia riparia L.). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Uferschwalbe). 

Leonard, 1926: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Clivicola ri- 
paria) . 

Leruth, 1935a: Neosciara fenestralis Zett. {= N. solani Win.l : (hi- 
rondelles de rivage ) . 

— , 1939: Neosciara fenestralis forma rnicrocauerjiaria Lengersdorf; 
(hirondelle de rivage). 

Lindroth and Palm, 1934: Microglotta nidicola Fairm., siphonaptera; 
(backsvale). 

Linke, 1906: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; {Hirundo riparia L.). 

Linne, von, 1761: Pulex irritans L.; (in nidis hirundinum riparium). 

Mason, 1944: Protocalliphora splendida Macq.; (Riparia r. riparia). 

Menegaux, 1939: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen). Protocalliphora cae- 
rulea (Rob.-Desv.) , P. falcozi Seguy; (Riparia riparia). Ornithomyia 
avicularia (L.) ; {Riparia riparia L.). Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; 
{Riparia riparia riparia L.). 

Mercier, 1929: Phormia azurea Fallen; (hirondelle de rivage). 

Morley, 1947: Ceratophyllus Hirundinis, Cnvt.\ (sand-martin). 

Morley and Atmore, 19 15: Trichopsylla hirundinis Curt.; (sand-martin). 

Mueller, iga"^: Protocalliphora azurea Fall.; (Uferschwalbe). 

Muzik, 191 1 : Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Hirundo riparia). 

Niethammer, 1937: Oeciacus hirundinis hirundinis, Ornithomyia avi- 
cularia avicularia, O. biloba, Ceratophyllus styx styx, C. hirun- 
dinis phaulius, C. celsus, Protocalliphora azurea azurea; (Riparia 
riparia riparia (L.)). 

Nordberg, 1934: Acanthopsylla lapponica Nordberg, Ceratophyllus freyi 
Nordberg, C. styx Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 

— , 1936: Aleochara sparsa Olcer., AtJieta sodalis Er., Microglossa 



48 1 

nidicola Fairm., M. pulla Gyll., Ceratophyllus jreyi Nordb., C. styx 

Roths., Degeeriella sp.; {Riparia riparia L.). 
Olivier, 1904: Ceratophyllus hijasciatus Curt., C. styx Roths.; (Cotyle 

riparia). 
O'Mahony, 1939: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; {Riparia r. riparia (L.)). 
— ■ , 1939a: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; {Riparia r. riparia L.). 
- — , 1948: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; {Riparia riparia riparia (L.)). 
Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea, Protocalliphora (= Apaulina of 

Hall) ; (Riparia riparia). 
Palm, 1938: Microglotta nidicola Fairm.; (backsvale). 
Paulian, 1943: Coleoptera, Microglotta Jiidicola Fairm., M. pulla Gyll.: 

(hirondelle de rivage). 

— , i^^Odi: Microglossa nidicola Ydiirvci.; (hirondelle des rivages) . 
Pavay-Vajna, von, 1909: Protocalliphora azurea Fallen; {Clivicola ri- 
paria (L.) ). 

Peus, 1939: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 

Rapp, 1933: Athcta testaceipes Heer, Leptacinus bathychrus Gyll., Me- 
don fusculus Mannh., Microglossa nidicola Fairm., Philonthus 
fuscipennis Mannh., Xantholinus linearis Oliv. ; (Uferschwalbe) . 

— , 1935: Atheta testaceipes Heer, Leptacinus bathychrus Gyll., Me- 
don fusculus Mannh., Microglossa nidicola Fairm., Philonthus fusci- 
pennis Mannh., Xantholinus linearis Oliv.; (Uferschwalbe). 

Reichert, 1939: 5'^fnop^t'ryx (sic) hirundinis; (Uferschwalbe). 
Reitter, 1909: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; {Hirundo riparia L.). 
Renter, 19 13: Oeciacus hirundinis }en.; (Hirundo riparia). 
Ringdahl, 1948: Fanjiia hirundinis Ringdahl; (Riparia riparia). 
Ritsema. 1880: Ceratophyllus bifasciatus Curtis; {Hirundo riparia L.). 
Rodhain and Bequaert, 1916: Calliphora chrysorrhoea; (Cotyle riparia). 
Rosenberg, 191 3: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.: (bank swallow). 
Rothschild, 1952: Frontopsylla lapponica Nordb., Ceratophyllus ri- 

parius Jord. & Roths.; (sand-martin). Ceratophyllus gallinae 

(Schr.). Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Riparia riparia riparia). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Microglossa nidicola Fairm., Meoneura 

lamellata Collin, Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. riparius Jord. 

& Roths., C. styx Roths.; (sand-martin). 
Rothschild, 1900: Ceratophyllus styx B>.oi\\%.\ (Cotile riparia). 

— , 1909: Ceratophyllus phaulius Roths., C. dalei; (Cotile riparia). 

— , 1 9 15: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cotile riparia). 
Roubal, 1907: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Cotyle riparia). 

— , 1930: Microglotta nidicola Fairm.; (Cotyle cotyle). 
Roubaud, 191 7: Phormia azurea Fallen; (Cotyle riparia). 
Sahlberg, 1876: Nanoglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Hirundo riparia). 
Schaufuss, 1907: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Uferschwalbe). 

— , 1908: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Cotyle riparia). 
Scheerpeltz and Winkler, 1930: Microglotta nidicola Fairm.; (Riparia 

riparia). 
Scholz, 1 931: Oeciacus hirundinis Jen.; (Uferschwalbe). 



482 

Scholz and Hinke, 1919: Cryptophagus badius Sturm, C. cellaris Scop., 
C. distinguendus Strm., C. saginatus Sturm, Atheta analis Grav., 
Bledius nanus Er., Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Uferschwalbe). 
Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Hirundo riparia). 

Seguy, 1928: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv., P. azurea (Fallen) 
Zett.; (Riparia riparia). 

— , 1^2^: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); ( Riparia riparia) . 

— ,1932a: Protocalliphora azurea Fallen, P. caerulea (Rob.-Desv.); 
(Riparia riparia). 

— ■ , i^'^/\.: Meoneura lamellataQoWm; [Cotyle riparia h.). 

— , 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.); [Hirundo riparia L.). 

— , 1938a: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (hirondelle de rivage). 

— , 1940: Sciara fenestralis Zett.; (hirondelle de rivage). 

— ■ , 1946: Protocalliphora sp.; (hirondelle de rivage). Neosciara fene- 
stralis forma microcavernaria Lengersdorf. 
— ■ , ig^o: Protocalliphora sp.; (hirondelle de rivage). 

Sg., igoy: Microglossa nidicola Fa.irm.; (Uferschwalbe). 

Shaftesbury, 1934: Ceratophyllus riparius; (Riparia riparia). 

Slater, 1926: Ceratophyllus Styx, ^oth.^.; (sand-martin). 

Smit, 1952: Pronto psylla (Orfrontia) lapponica (Nordb.) ; (Riparia ri- 
paria in Finland and Sweden). 

Snyder and Shannon, 19 19: Micro glotta sp., Ceratophyllus sp., tineids, 
hymenoptera, Menopon dissimile Kellogg, ?Dendroleon sp.; {Ri- 
paria riparia (L.) S. & W.). 

Spittle, 1948: Pristonychus terricola Hbst., Atheta nigricornis Th., Da- 
tomicra zosterae Th., Gahrius nigritulus Gr., Heterothops praevius 
Er. var. niger Kr., Microglotta nidicola Fairm., fleas, flies; {Riparia 
r. riparia L.). 

Stadler, 1948: Ceratophyllus styx Roths., Microglotta nidicola Fairm., 
Cryptophagus dtsiinguendus (sic), Acupalpus meridianus L., Mi- 
croglotta nidicola Fairman, M. parvula Mannh., M. analis Grav., 
undetermined staphylinids, Ptomaphagus sericatus Chd., Crypto- 
phagus saginatus Strm., C. distinguendus Strm., C. badius Strm., 
C. cellaris Scop., Atomaria linearis Steph., Enicmus minutus L., 
Mycetaea hirta Marsh., Psychoda sp., Neosciara fenestralis f. mi- 
crocavernensis Lengersdorf, N. nemoralis Meig., A'', umbratica Zett., 
Scatopse notata Meig., Tachista sp., Lonchoptera sp., Conicera tibi- 
alis Schmitz, ?Conicera dauca Meig., Hypocera vitripennis G., Me- 
gaselia rufipes Meig., Aphiochaeta sp., Ornithomyia fringillarum 
Curt., Agromyza infuscata Meig., Mosillus (Gymnota) subsultans 
F., Meoneura obscurella Fall., Tephrochlamis (sic) tarsalis Zett., 
Muscina pabulorum Fall., Ophyra leucostoma Wiedemann, Fannia 
canicularis L., Hylephila unistriata Rdt., Folsomia { = Isotoma 
auct.) fimetaria L., Heteromurus nitidus (Templt.), Entomobrya 
{= Degeeria auct.) nivalis L., Lepidocyrtus violaceus Geoff r., L. 
cyaneus Tullb., Pseudosinella alba Pack., P. sexoculata Schaff., 
Sminthurinus niger Lubb., Atheta parvula. diptera, muscids, antho- 



483 

myiids. Ceratophyllus celsus Jordan; {Riparia riparia in British 
Columbia). Braconid. Ornithomyia sp.; (Riparia riparia). 

Stadler and Basse-Korf, 1949: Mycotaea (sic) hirta Marsh., Enicmus 
minutus L., Ptomaphagus sericatus Chaud., undetermined staphy- 
Hnid, Microglossa analis Grav., M. nidicola Farman, M. parvula 
yi.2Lnnh...Agromyza injuscata Meig., Protocalliphora coerulea,Tachi- 
sta sp., Mosillus (Gymnota) subsultans ¥.. Tophrochlamis (sic) 
tarsalis Zett., Ornithomyia fringillina Curt., Lonchoptera sp., Meo- 
neura obscurella Fall., Fannia canicularis L., Helophila (sic) uni- 
striata Rdt., Muscina pabulorum Fall., Ophyra leucostoma Wiede- 
mann, Aphiochaeta sp., Conicera dauca Meig., C. tibialis Schmitz, 
Hypocera vitripennis G., Megaselia rujipes Meign., Psychoda sp., 
Scatopse notata Meig., Neosciara fenestralis f. microcavensis (sic) 
Lengersdorf, A', nemoralis Meig., A'^. umbratica Zett., Frontopsylla 
lapponica Nordb., Ceratophyllus celsus Jord., C. styx Roths., bra- 
conid, Entomobrya nivalis L., Folsomia fimetaria L., Lepidocyrtus 
cyaneus Tullb., L. violaceus Geoffr., Sminthurides niger Lubb., 
Acupalpus miridianus L., Atomaria linearis Steph., Cryptophagus 
badius Sturm, C. cellaris Scop., C. distinguendus Strm., C. sagina- 
tus Strm., Heteromurus nitidus (Templt.), Pseudosinella 6-oculata 
Schaff., P. alba Pack., cecidomyiid; (Riparia riparia). 

Staveley, 1871: Fleas; (sand-martin). 

Stewart, 1928: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; {Riparia (Clivi- 
cola) riparia L.). 
- — , 1933: Ceratophyllus riparius ]ord. & Roths.; {Riparia (Clivicola) 
riparia L.) . 

Stoner, 1936: Tachyporus chrysomelinus L.. Protocalliphora splendida 
Macq., Acupalpus carus Lee; {Riparia riparia riparia (L.)). 

Theobald, 1892: Pulex gallinae Bouche; (sand-martin). 

Thompson, 1934: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; {Riparia riparia ripa- 
ria (L.)). 

— , 1938b: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; {Riparia r. riparia (L.)). 

— , 1952: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (sand-martin). Ceratophyllus 
riparius Jord. & Roths.; (North American sand-martin). 

• — , 1953: Fleas, Hippoboscae hirundinis, Stenopteryx (sic) hirundi- 

nis; (sand-martin). 
— ■ 5 i^^'^h: Ceratophyllus styx 'R.oXhs.; (sand-martin). 

— , 1954a: Ceratophyllus styx Koih?,.; (sand-martin). 
Titschack, 1929: '^Ceratophyllus styxKoths,.; (Uferschwalbe). 
Tooby, 1947: Fleas; (Riparia riparia riparia). 

Villeneuve, 1926: Phormia azurea Fall.; (hirondelle des rivages). 
Wagner, 1903: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; {Cotile riparia L.). 

— , 1932: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cotile riparia). 

■ — , 1936b: Ceratophyllus riparius Jord. & Roths.; (Riparia riparia). 

— , 1938: Certophyllus freyi Nordb., Frontopsylla lapponica Nordb.; 
(Riparia riparia). 

■ — ■ , ig^g: Ceratophyllus styx Koths.; (Uferschwalbe). 



484 

Wahlgren, 1907: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; [Clivicola riparia L.). 
Walsh, 1924: Ceratophyllus styx ^oths.; (sand-martin). 

— , 1938: Ceratophyllus styx Booths.; (Cotile riparia). 
VVaterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus styx Koihs.; (Cotile riparia). 

— , 1 9 10: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (C. riparia). 

— , 1910a: Ceratophyllus styx Roths.; (Cotile riparia). 
— ■ , 1920: Ceratophyllus styx; (sand-martin). 

— , 1942: Ceratophyllus styx; (sand-martin). 

White, 1902: Hippohoscae hirundinis; (bank-martin). Pulex irritans; 

(sand-martin) . 
Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Riparia riparia). 
Zirk, 1928: Oxypoda lentula Er., Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; (Ufer- 

schwalbe). 
Zumpt, 1928: Microglossa nidicola Fairm.; {Hirundo riparia L.). 

Stelgidopteryx sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithomyia (Pseudornithomyia) ambigua. 

Stelgidopteryx ruficollis (Vieillot) 
Pearse, 1938: Rhinandrus clongatus? Horn: {Stelgidopteryx ridgwayi 
Nelson). 

Uncertain Position 

Girault, 1906: Bugs; (Hirundo americana). 

Szekessy, 1950: Attagenus piceus OL; (Hirundo domestica) . 

Family ICTERIDAE 
Undetermined 

Engel, 1920: Mydaea pici Macq.; (Mexican troupials). 

Agelaius sp. 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. conjluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say). 

Agelaius phoeniceus (Linnaeus) 

Hicks, 1953: Sira platani (Nicolet) ; {Agelaius phoeniceus subsp.). 

Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say); (red- 
winged blackbird). 

Judd, 1954: Cryptophagidae, Staphylinidae (Aleocharinae), Melanoph- 
thalma distinguenda (Com.), Stenus sp., Protocalliphora sp. near 
sialia Shan. & Dobr., Anthicus sp., Melanophthalma sp., Melanoph- 
thalma (Corticarina) sp.; (Agelaius phoeniceus). 

Miller, 1909: Protocalliphora chrysorrhoea Meig. ; (red-winged black- 
bird). 

Cacicus sp. 

Seguy, 1946: P/iz'/ornw picz Macq.; {Cassicus %-p.). 

— , i<^^o: Philornis piciyidt.cc\.; {Cassicus s^.). 



485 

Cacicus haemorrhous (Linnaeus) 
Lutz and Neiva. iqi2: Mydaca pici Macq. : (Cassicus haemorrhous). 

Dolichonyx oryzivorus (Linnaeus) 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say); (bobo- 
link)/ 

Euphagus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica ricina (Walker) {= O. confluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say). 

Icterus cayanensis (Linnaeus) 
Engel, 1920: Mydaca pici Macq. 
Lutz and Neiva. 191 2: Mydaca pici Macq.; (Oriolus cayennensis). 

Molothrus sp. 

The following citations pertaining to Molothrus are included because 
of the likelihood that certain developmental stages of the parasitic 
flies involved occin- in nests of those birds which serve as hosts to 
Molothrus. 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. confluenta of most 

American authors, not of Say). 
Seguy, 1946: Philornis pici Macq. 
— , 1950: Pilornis pici Macq. 

Molothrus ater (Boddaert) 
Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (=: O. confluenta of most 

American authors, not of Say). 
Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say); 

(cowbird). 

Ouiscalus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) {= O. confluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say). 

Ouiscalus quiscula (Linnaeus) 
Hicks, 1953: Sira platani (Nicolet), Embidopsocus sp., Liposcelis sp., 
Karnyothrips americanus Hood; {Quiscalus quiscula aeneus Ridg- 

way). 

Sturnella magna magna (Linnaeus) 
Miller, 1909: Protocalliphora chrysorrhoea Meig.; (meadowlark in the 
vicinity of Shawnee, Pa. ) . 

Uncertain Position 

Lutz and Neiva, 191 2: Mydaca pici Macq.; (Oriolus mexicanus). 

Family LANIIDAE 
Undetermined 

Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fringillina; (Laniidae). 



486 

Antichromus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona laticornis (^=- platycera) . 

Chlorophoneus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona laticornis (= platycera). 

Dryoscopus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona laticornis {=: platycera), Ornithoica 
turdi. 

Laniarius sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica turdi. 

Lanius sp, 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona laticornis (^ platycera) , Ornithoica 

turdi, Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis. 
Macquart, 1835: Ornithomyia sp.; (pies-grieches) . 
Schmaus, 1936: Cryptophagus scanicus; (Wiirger). 

Lanius coUaris Linnaeus 
Taylor, 1949: Passeromyia heterochaeta Villen.; (Lanius collaris). 

Lanius collurio Linnaeus 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (red- 
backed shrike). 

Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L. 

Hennig, iQ'^g: Protocalliphora sordida Zett.: (Neuntoter). 

Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia avicularia L. 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths.; (Lanius 
collurio). 

Rothschild, ig^2 : Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 

Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.). 

Seidel, 1932: Ceratophyllus garei Koths.; (Lanius collurio). 
— , ig^y: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 

Slater, 1926: Ceratophyllus gallinulae, 'Dale; (red-backed shrike). 

Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia L.; (Lanius collurio). 

Lanius excubitor Linnaeus 

Wiilker, 1926: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis; (Lanius excubitor). 

Lanius ludovicianus gambeli Ridgway 
George and Mitchell, 1948: Apaulina metallica (Townsend) ; (California 

shrike). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp.; {Lanius ludovicianus gambeli Ridge.). 
Neff, 1945: Protocalliphora metallica (Townsend); (California shrike). 



487 

Malaconotus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornitheza metallica (Schiner), Ornithoica turdi. 

Tchagra sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona laticornis (^ platycera), Ornithoica 
turdi. 

Family MALURIDAE 
Stipiturus sp. 

McKeown, 1942: O rtiit homy ia stipituri Sch.; (emu wren). 

Family MELIPHAGIDAE 

Undetermined 

Chisholm, 1952: Passeromyia longicornis; (honey eater). 
Gilbert, 1923: Ants, Passeromyia longicornis; (honey eater). 

Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris (Latham) 

Hindwood, 1951a: Monopis argillacea (Meyrick) ; (Acanthorhynchus 
tenuirostris) . 

Anthochaera sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Passeromyia longicornis Macq. 
- — ■ , 1950: Passeromyia longicornis Macq. 

Anthochaera chrysoptera (Latham) 
Hindwood, 1930: Passeromyia longicornis Macq.; (Anthochaera chryso- 
ptera). 
Owen, 1954: Passeromyia longicornis; (Anthochaera chrysoptera). 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.); (Anthochaera chryso- 
ptera). 

Gliciphila sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Passeromyia longicornis Macq. 

— , 1950: Passeromyia longicornis Macq. 

Gliciphila melanops (Latham) 
Gilbert, 191 9: Muscidae; {Glyciphila (sic) fuluifrons). 
Owen, 1954: Passeromyia longicornis; {Glyciphila (sic) fulvifrons). 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.) ; (Gliciphila melanops). 

Meliornis sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Passeromyia longicornis Macq. 

— , 1950: Passeromyia longicornis Macq. 



Meliornis niger (Bechstein) 
Gilbert, 1919: Muscidae; {Meliornis sericea (white-cheeked honey- 
eater) ). 
Owen, 1954: Passeromyia longicornis; {Meliornis scric a (sic)). 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.) ; (Meliornis niger). 

Meliornis novaehoUandiae (Latham) 
Gilbert, 1919: Muscidae; (Meliornis novae-hollandiae ) . 
Owen, 1954: Passeromyia longicornis; (Meliornis novae-hollandiae) . 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.); (Meliornis novaehol- 
landiae). 

Family MIMIDAE 
Dumetella sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) (= O. conjluenta of most 

American authors, not of Say). 
Seguy, 1950: Crassiseta sp., Lonchaea sp. 

Dumetella carolinensis (Linnaeus) 

Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp., Entomobrya assuata (sic), Iso- 
toma arborea, pear psylla, leafhopper, Calliope flaviceps, Sarco- 
phaga sinuata: (catbird). 

Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 

Hicks, 1953: Sira platani (Nicolet), Liposcelis sp., Suborder Terebran- 
tia, Lyctocoris campestris F. 

Hubbard, 1947: Ceratophyllus dif finis Jord. ; (Dumetella carolinensis). 

Jellison and Good, 1942: Ceratophyllus dif finis Jord.; (Galeoscoptes ca- 
rolinensis). 

Johnson, 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say); (cat- 
bird). 

Jordan, 1928a: Ceratophyllus dif finis Jord.; (Galeoscoptes carolinensis). 

— , 1929a: Ceratophyllus diffinis Jord.; {Dumetella carolinensis ca- 
rolinensis L.). 

Judd, 1954: Culicoides biguttatus (?) Coq., Minettia ordinaria Mel.; 
(Dumetella carolinensis). 

McAtee, 1927a: Anthonomus sp., A. nigrinus Bohem., Rhynchites aeratus 
Say, Melanophthalma distinguenda Comolli, Geotrupes egeriei 
Germ., staphylinids, Mantura floridana Crotch, Phalacrus sp., cal- 
liphorids, Crassiseta costata Loew, Lonchaea sp., Minettia ordinaria 
Melander, Entomobrya assuta Folsom, Tinea sp., thysanoptera, 
thysanura, Galesus sp., Coelopristhis (sic) suborbicularis Provan- 
cher, Hypsoropha hormos Hiibner, Gaberasa ambigualis Walker, 
Caliope (sic) flaviceps Loew, Neossos marylandica Malloch; (Du- 
metella carolinensis). 

— . 1929: Tinea fuscipunctella Haworth; (Dumetella carolinensis). 



489 

Miller, 1909: Protocalliphora chrysorrhoea Meig., Nasonia brevicornis 

Ashm. ; (catbird). 
Seguy, 1946: Minettia ordinaria Melander; (Dumetella carolinensis) . 

— , 1950: Neossos rnarylandica Malloch; (Dumetella carolinensis). 
Shaftesbury, 1934: Fleas: (catbird). 

Mimus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker) ( = O. confluenta of most 

American authors, not of Say), Orfiithomyia remota. 

Seguy, 1946: Philornis spermophila Tnsd., P. torquans Nielsen. 

— ■ , 1950: Philornis spermophila Tnsd., P. torquans Nielsen. 

Mimus polyglottos (Linnaeus) 
Aldrich, 1923: Philornis obscura Van der Wulp: (mockingbird at Uvalde, 

Texas). 
George and Mitchell, 1948: Apaulina metallica (Townsend) ; (western 

mockingbird). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp.: {Mimus polyglottos leucopterus (Vig.)). 
McAtee, 1927a: Minettia ordinaria Melander. Galesus sp., Caliope (sic) 

flaviceps Loew; (? Mimus polyglottos). 
Neff, 1945: Protocalliphora metallica (Townsend) ; (mockingbird in San 

Joaquin Valley, California). 
Townsend, 1895: Mydaea spermophilae ; (Mimus orpheus). 

Mimus saturninus (Lichtenstein) 
Lutz and Neiva, 191 2: Mydaea pici Macq. : (Mimus modulator). 

Toxostoma rufum (Linnaeus) 
Dobroscky, 1925: Protocalliphora sp.: (brown thrasher). 
Hall, 1948: Apaulina sp. 
Hicks, 1953: Xenylla (?) sp., Achorutes sp., Liposcelis sp., Tapinoma 

sessile (Say), Lycoriidae, Helomyzidae. 
Johnson, 1925: Protocalliphora splendida Macq.; (brown thrasher). 

— , 1927: Protocalliphora splendida form sialia; (brown thrasher). 

— , 1929a: Ornithomyia anchineuria Speiser {pallida Say); (brown 
thrasher) . 

Seguy, 1946: Protocalliphora splendida (Macq.); (grive brune {Tox- 
ostoma rufum L.)). 

— . 1950: Protocalliphora splendida Macq; (Toxostoma rufum). 
Shannon and Dobroscky, 1924: Protocalliphora splendida splendida 

Macq.; (brown thrasher ) . 

Family MOTACILLIDAE 

Undetermined 

Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; (pipits). 
Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fringillina. 

— , 1938a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis. 



490 

Anthus sp. 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1923a: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 
Seguy, 1929b: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. 
Speiser, 1909: Protocalliphora azurea Fall. 

Anthus pratensis (Linnaeus) 

Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 

Audcent, 1942: Protocalliphora azurea Fall.; {Anthus pratensis praten- 
sis L.). 

Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus pratensis, Dale; (meadow-pipit). 

Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp: 
(meadow-pipit). 

Jeffery, 1922: Ceratophyllus garei; (Anthus pratensis). 

Menegaux, 1939: Protocalliphora caerulea (R.-D.), P. falcozi Seguy: 
(Anthus pratensis). 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.), C. 
palmeni Nordb.; (Anthus pratensis). 

— , 1936: Plateumaris discolor Panz., Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., 
C. gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., Anurophorus laricis Nic, Ent- 
omobrya nivalis L., Lepidocyrtus cyaneus TuUb., Xenylla maritima 
TuUb., Formica fusca L.; {Anthus pratensis L.). 

O'Mahony, 1950: Ornithomyia fringilliiia Curt. 
Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea; (Anthus pratensis). 
Pavay-Vajna, von, 1909: Protocalliphora azurea Fallen: {Anthus prat- 
ensis L. ) . 
Rothschild, 1948: Ceratophyllus borealis ^oths. 

— , 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., Dasypsyllus 

gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 
Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (meadow- 
pipit ) . 
Rothschild, 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinulae; (meadow-pipit). 
Roubaud, 191 7: Phormia azurea Fallen; (Anthus pratensis). 
Seguy, 1928: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv.; (Anthus pratensis). 

— , ig-^Qa.: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.); (Anthus pratensis). 
— ■ , 1950: Protocalliphora sp.; (pipit des pres). 

Wagner, 1938: Monopsyllus palmeni Nordb.; (Anthus pratensis). 
Waterston, 1909: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Anthus pratensis). 

— , 1914: Ceratophyllus gallinulae T)a\e; (Anthus pratensis). 

Anthus spinoletta (Linnaeus) 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; (Anthus obscurus). 
Dampf, 1945: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; (Anthus obscurus). 
Edwards, Oldroyd, and Smart, 1939: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp: 

(rock-pipit). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.); 

(Anthus spinoletta). 
Rothschild. 1948: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths. 



491 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Dasypsyllus gallinulae 

gallinulae (Dale). 
Rothschild, 1913: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths.; (Anthus obscurus). 
— ■ , igi^: Ceratophyllus borealis R.oths.; (Anthus obscurus). 
Seguy, 1944: Ceratophyllus borealis Koths.: {Anthus obscurus (Roths.)). 
Thompson, 1954: Ornithomyia lagopodis Sharp; (rock-pipit). 

— , ig^/[2i: Ceratophyllus borealis K.ot\\%. 

Waterston, 19 14: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale, C. borealis Roths.; 
(Anthus obscurus). 

Anthus spinoletta littoralis Brehm 
Nordberg, 1936: Stenus juno F., Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. gall- 
inae (Schr.); Anurophorus laricis Nic, Entornobrya rnarginata 
Tullb., E. nivalis L., Xenylla maritima Tullb., Degeeriella sp. 

Anthus trivialis (Linnaeus) 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia avicularia h.; {Anthus arboreus h.) . 
Rothschild, ig^2: Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 
Schmaus, 1936: Atheta nitidula, Ornalium caesurn: (Baumpieper). 
Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.) ; {Anthus arboreus L.). 

Motacilla sp. 

Everts, 1922: Oxypoda sericea Heer, Quedius infuscatus Er. ; (wagtail). 
Heselhaus, 1915: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen); (wagtail). 
Seguy, 1929b: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. 

— , ig^o: Protocalliphora sp.; (bergeronnette) . 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951b: Various household pests; (wagtails). 

Motacilla alba Linnaeus 

Audcent, 1942: Protocalliphora azurea Fall.; {Motacilla alba alba L.). 

Britten and Thompson, 1934: Bairamlia nidicola Ferriere; (pied wag- 
tail). 

Dampf, 1908b: Ceratophyllus fringillae, C. gallinae: (Motacilla alba). 

Eichler, I936d: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.); (Bachstelze). 

Heim de Balsac, 1933: Phormia azurea Fallen; (Motacilla alba). 

Heinroth, igi6: Protocalliphora azurea Fa]\en; (Bachstelze). 

Heinroth and Heinroth, 1926: Protocalliphora sordida. 

Hennig, 1939: Protocalliphora sordida Zett. ; (Bachstelze). 

Henriksen, 1939: Ceratophyllus borealis Roths., C. gallinae Schr.; (Mot- 
acilla alba). 

Hesse, 1919: Protocalliphora azurea Fall. 
— • , 1923: Protocalliphora sordida Zett. 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1914a: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Motacilla 
alba). 

Kemper, 1938a: Dermestes lardarius L., Cartodere filiformis Gyll., Enic- 
mus minutus L., Ptinus fur L.: (weisse Bachstelze). 

Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; {Motacilla alba alba L.). 



492 

Lindroth, 1931: Ccratophyllus gallhiae Schr., C. borealis Roths.; (Mot- 

acilla alba). 
Menegaux, 1939: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv. ) , P. falcozi 

Seguy; (Motacilla alba). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ccratophyllus borealis Roths., C. fringillae Walker, C. 

gallinae (Schr.) ; (Motacilla alba). 

— , ig^6: Cryptopliagus beringcnsis Sahlh., Attagc7iiis pcllio {'L.),Der- 
mestes lardarius L., Dcndrophilus pygrnaeus L., Gnathoncus rot- 
undatus Kug., Saprinus aeneus F., Cartodcre filiformis Gyll., Cortic- 
aria serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus L., Euplectus karsteni Rei- 
chenb., Ptinus fur L., Atheta sp., A. exilis Er., Staphylinus pubesccns 
DeGeer, Ccratophyllus borealis Roths., C. gallinae (Schr.), Entomo- 
brya marginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., Lcpidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb., 
Xcnylla maritima Tullb. 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurca; (Motacilla alba). 
Pavay-Vajna, von, 1909: Oncsia cogyiata. 
Feus, 1938: Ccratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Bachstelze). 
Rothschild, 1948: Ccratophyllus borealis Roths. 

— , 1952: Ccratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., Dasypsyllus 
gallinulac gallinulac (Dale) ; {Motacilla alba yarrclli Gould). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ccratophyllus fringillae Walker; (white wag- 
tail). 

Riischkamp, 1932: Quedius infuscatus Er. ; (Bachstelze). 

Schifferli, 1932: Mistf liegenlarven : (Bachstelze). 

Seguy, 1932a: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; (Motacilla alba). 

Szekessy, 1948: Anthrenus pimpinellae F., Enicmus minutus L., Ptinus 
fur L., Triphleps majuscula Reut., Telenomus truncatus Nees. 
• — • , 1950: Anthrenus pimpinellae F., Dermcstes lardarius L., Cartodere 
filiformis Gyll., Corticaria serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus L., Eu- 
plectus karsteni var. falsus Bedel., Ptinus fur L.; (Motacilla alba). 

Szelenyi, 1944: Telenomus truncatus Nees.; (Motacilla alba). 

Waterston, 1909: Ccratophyllus newsteadi Roths., C. gallinae Schr.; (M. 
lugubris). 
— • , 1910a: Ccratophyllus fringillae Roths., C. gallinulac Dale; (M. lu- 
gubris). 
— • , 19 14: Ccratophyllus gallinulac Dale; (Motacilla lugubris). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951a: Anthrenus fuscus Oliv., A. vcrbasci 
(L.), Attagenus pellio (L.), corrodentia, Hofmannophila pseudo- 
sprettella (Staint.), Tinaea (sic) columbariella Wocke, T. pellionella 
L., Tineola bisselliella (Hum.), Metacoelus mansuetor Grav.; {Mot- 
acilla alba Gould). 

Motacilla cinerea Tunstall 
Eichler, I936d: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.); (Gebirgsbach- 
stelze ) . 

— 5 1937c- Protocalliphora sordida; (Motacilla cinerea cinerea). 

— , 1938b: Ceratophylhis gallinae Schr.; (Gebirgstelze). 



493 

Heim de Balsac, 1938: Microglotta pulla; (Motacilla cinerea). 
Malloch, 1907: Trichopsylla newsteadi Koihs.; ( grey wagtail ) . 
Rothschild, 1952: Dasypsyllus gallinulac gallinulae (Dale); {Motacilla 

cinerea cinerea Tunst.). 
Seguy, 1932a: Ornithomyia jringillijia Curtis. 
Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallijiulae Dale; (Motacilla melanope). 

— , 1914: Ceratophyllus gallinulae Dale; (Motacilla melanope). 
Wulker, 1926: Ornithomyia jringillina Curtis; (Motacilla hoarula). 

Motacilla flava Linnaeus 
Owen, 1954: Protocallipliora azurea: (Motacilla flava). 

Uncertain Position 

Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia jringillina Curtis; {Motacilla citreola L.). 

Family MUSGIGAPIDAE 
Alseonax sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica tiirdi. 

Batis sp. 

Bequaert. 1953b: Ornithoctona laticornis (— platycera) , Ornithoica turdi. 

Dioptrornis sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b Ornithoctona laticornis (— platycera), Ornithoicaturdi. 

Muscicapa sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornitheza metallica (Schiner), Ornithoica turdi, Or- 
nithomyia jringillina Curtis. 
Joy, 1905: Microglossa pulla Gyll.; (flycatcher). 

— , K^o&c: Migroglossa pulla GyW.; (flycatcher). 
Lehnert, 1933: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 

Peus, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Fliegenschnapper). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Attagenus pellio (L.), Dermestes lardarius 
L., D. murinus L., Gnathojicus sp. 

Seguy, 1929b: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. 

Sg., igoy: Microglossa pulla Gy\l.; (Fliegenschnapper). 

Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. jringilliria: (Muscicap- 
idae). 

Woodroffe and Southgate, 1951b: Various household pests: (flycat- 
chers). 

Muscicapa albicollis Temminck 

Heinz, 1954: Protocalliphora jalcozi; (Muscicapa albicollis). 
Lohrl, 1949: Protocalliphora sordida Zett.; (Muscicapa albicollis). 

— , i()^o: Protocalliphora sordida; (Halsband-Fliegenschnapper) . 
Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora sp.; (Muscicapa albicollis). 



494 

Muscicapa hypoleuca (Pallas) 
Eichler, 1950: Cimex sp.; (Muscicapa hypoleuca hypoleuca). 
Kemper, 1938a: Cryptophagus scanicus L., Cartoderc filiformis Gyll., 

Enicmus minutus L., Liposcelis divinatorius Miill., Forficula auri- 

cularia L.; (Trauerfliegenschnapper). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr. ) ; (Muscicapa atricapilla) . 

— , 1936: Cryptophagus beringensis Sahib., C. scanicus L., Gnathon- 
cus punctulatus Thorns.; {Muscicapa hypoleuca L.). Otiorrhyncus 
ovatus L., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., D. pygmaeus L., Gnath- 
oncus rotundatus Kug., Cartodere filiformis Gyll., Corticaria foveola 
Beck., C serrata Payk., Enicmus minutus L., Euplectus karsteni 
Reichenb., Aphodius prodromus IHig., Atheta debilis Er., A. nidicola 
Johans., A. nigricornis Thorns., A. sodalis Er., Microglossa pulla 
Gyll., Oxypoda opaca Grav., Phaonia querceti Bouche, Ceratophyl- 
lus fringillae Walker, C. gallinae (Schr.), Anurophorus laricis Nic, 
Entomobrya marginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., Lepidocyrtus cyaneus 
Tullb., Hypogastrura armata Nic, H. purpurascens Lubb., Xenylla 
maritima Tullb., Amphigerontia bifasciata Latr., Psocus nebulosus 
Steph., Philopterus subflauescens Geoffr., Forficula auricularia L.; 
{Muscicapa hypoleuca Pall.). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Dasypsyllus gallinulac 
gallinulae (Dale). 

Schmaus, 1936: Gnathoncus Buyssoni; (Trauerfliegenschnapper). 

Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus punctulatus 
Thorns., Cartodere filiformis Gyll., Corticaria serrata Payk., Enic- 
mus minutus L., Euplectus karsteni var. falsus Bedel., Oxypoda 
opaca Grav.; (Muscicapa hypoleuca). 

Muscicapa striata (Pallas) 
Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithoica turdi (Latr.), Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis; 

{Muscicapa griseola L.). 
Jeffery, 1922: Ceratophyllus gallinulae; (Muscicapa grisola). 
Keilin, 1924a: Phormia azurea; (Muscicapa grisola). 
Kemper, 1938a: Anthrenus verbasci L., Lachesilla pedicularia L.; 

(grauer Fliegenschnapper). 
Menegaux, 1939: Ornithoica turdi (Latr.). Protocalliphora caerulea 

(Rob.-Desv.), P. falcozi Seguy; (Muscicapa striata). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker, C. gallinae (Schr.), 

C. garei Roths.; (Muscicapa striata). 

— , 1936: Apion simile Kirby, Coeliodes cpilobii Payk., Anthrenus 
verbasci L., Megatoma undata L., Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., 

D. pygmaeus L., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Atheta nidicola Jo- 
hans., Microglossa pulla Gyll., Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker, C. 
gallinae (Schr.), C. garei Roths., Entomobrya marginata Tullb., E. 
nivalis L., Lepidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb., Sira buski Lubb., Hypo- 



495 

gastrura purpurascens Lubb., Xenylla maritima Tullb., Lachesilla 
pedicularia (L.), Liposcelis silvarum Kbe., Philopterus suhflavescens 
Geoffr. ; [Muscicapa striata Pall.). 

Owen and Ash, 1955: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen) ; (Muscicapa stri- 
ata). 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Dasypsyllus gallinulae 
gallinulae (Dale). 

Seguy, 1932a: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.) ; (Muscicapa stri- 
ata). Ornithoica turdi (Latr.), Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis; 
(Muscicapa striata Pallas). 

— , 1936: Ornithoica turdi (Latr.). 

— • , ig^6: Protocalliphora sp.; (gobe-mouche gris). 

— , ig^o: Protocalliphora sp.; (gobe-mouche gris). 

Seidel, 1932: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.: (Muscicapa grisola). 

— . 1937: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; {Muscicapa striata Pall, {gris- 
ola L.)). 

Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst. ; (Muscicapa striata). 
Wahlgren, 1907: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; {Muscicapa jicedula L.). 
Waterston, 1906: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Muscicapa grisola). 
— - , 1910a: Ceratophyllus fringillae Roths., C. gallinulae Dale; (Musci- 
capa grisola). 

— , 1914: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr., C. gallinulae Dale, C. vaga- 
bundus Bohem. (= insularis Roths.) ; (Muscicapa grisola). 

— , 1922: Ceratophyllus vagabundus Bohem.; (Muscicapa grisola). 
Woodroffe, 1953: Anisopus fenestralis (Scop.). 

WiJ.lker, 1926: Ornithomyia fringillina Curtis; (Muscicapa striata). 

Myiagra sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornitheza inetallica (Schiner), Ornithoica pusilla. 

Myiagra rubecula (Latham) 
Hindwood, 1947: Passeromyia longicornis Macq.; (Myiagra rubecula). 

Piezorhynchus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica pusilla. 

Rhipidura sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Passeromyia longicorjiis Macq. 

— , 1950: Passeromyia longicornis Macq. 

Rhipidura leucophrys (Latham) 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.) ; (Rhipidura leucophrys). 

Sigelus silens (Shaw) 
Taylor, 1949: Passeromyia heterochaeta Villen.; (Sigelus silens). 



496 

Tchitrea sp, 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoctona laticornis (= platycera). 

Family NEGTARINIIDAE 

Undetermined 

Delamare-Deboutteville and Paulian, 1952: Drepanura eburnea f. pig- 
mentata now.; (nectarinien). 

Cinnyris sp. 

Bezzi, 1922: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve) . 
Seguy, 1946: Passeromyia heterochaeta Villeneuve. 

— , i^^o: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Villeneuve). 

Cinnyris cupreus (Shaw) 

Rodhain and Bequaert, 19 16: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Vill.) ; {Cinny- 
ris cupreus Shaw). 

Rodhain and Villeneuve, 19 15: Passeromyia sp.; [Cinnyris cupreus 
Shaw) . 

Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia heterochaeta (Vill.); {Cinnyris cupreus 
Shaw) . 

Family ORIOLIDAE 
Oriolus sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Philornis pici Macq. 

— , 1950: Philornis pici Macq. 

Oriolus oriolus (Linnaeus) 
Falcoz, 1926: Ornithomyia auicularia h.; {Oriolus galbula h.). 
Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); {Oriolus oriolus L,.) . 
Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia auicularia (L.); {Oriolus oriolus L..). 
Pens, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Pirol). 
Seguy, 1936: Ornithomyia auicularia (L.) ; {Oriolus galbula L.). 
Wiilker, 1926: Orjiithornyia auicularia L.; (Oriolus oriolus). 



Family PAGHYGEPHALIDAE 

Pachycephala sp. 

Seguy, 1946: Passeromyia longicornis Macq. 
- — , 1950: Passeromyia longicornis Macq. 

Pachycephala rufiventris (Latham) 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.); (Pachycephala rufi- 
uentris). 



497 

Family PARDALOTIDAE 

Pardalotus sp. 

Bezzi, 1922: Ornithomusca victoria Townsend (= Cyrtoneura longicor- 

nis Mac quart — Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.)). 
Hindwood, 1930: Ornithomusca victoria Townsend; (nest of pardalote). 
Seguy, 1937a: Passeromyia longicornis (Macq.). 

— , \^^&: Passeromyia longicornis yi.2iC(\. 
■ — • , \^^o: Passeromyia longicornis yidiCC^. 

Townsend, 1916: Ornithomusca victoria To-wn%&nd. 

Family PARI DAE 
Undetermined 

Arkell, 1941 : Vespa crahro L.; (tit's nesting-box). 

Duda, 1938: Limosina (Limosina) flavipes (Meig.); (Meise). 

Eichler, 1937: Cimicidae; (Meisen). 

— J iQ'^ga: Protocalliphora sp., Dibrachys cavusWa\k.; (Meisen). 
Ermisch and Langer, 1939:^^/1^^0! 7iigricornisThoms., Microglotta pulla 

Gyll., Aleochara divcrsa Shlbg., A. laevigata Gyll.; (Meisen). 

Everts, 1922: Microglossa pulla Gyll.; (tit). 

Fagel, 1946: Oxytelus (Anotylus) fairmairei Pandelle; (mesange). 

Falcoz, 1 9 14: Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Nemadus colonoides Kr., Ale- 
ochara sparsa Olcer., Atheta angusticollis Thorns., Atheta (Acro- 
tona) fungi Gra.v., Atheta livida Mills., ^. (s. str.) nigricornis Thorns, 
Microglossa gentilis Mark., M. nidicola Fairm., M. pulla Gyll., Ox- 
ytelus tetracarinatus Block (sic), PJiUonthus (s. str.) fuscus Grav., 
Phyllodrepa floralis v. nigra Grav., Quedius brevicornis Thorns.; 
(mesange). 

— , i^i^di-. Quedius brevicornis Thorns.; (mesange). 

— , 1 921: Phaonia querceti Bouche, Scotophilella retracta Rond.; 
(mesange) . 

— , 1923: Systenus tener Loew, Fannia incisurata Zett.; (mesange). 

— , 1^2^: Scotophilella retracta Kond.; (mesange). 
Gaudin, 192 1 : Nemadus colonoides Kr. ; (mesange). 

— , igQia.: Dendrophilus punctatus ¥.; (mesange). 

Gerhard, 1909: Sipalia circellaris Grav., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Atheta 
nigricornis Thoms., Phyllodrepa nigra Grav., Atheta livida Muls., 
A. fungi Grav.; (Meisen (?) ). Atheta angusticollis Thorns.; (Meisen). 

Hase, 1935: Cimex lectularius h.; (Meisen). 

Heinz, 1954: Dipterous puparia; (Meisen). 

Hennig, ig'^g: Protocalliphora sordida Zett.; (Meise). 

Heselhaus, 19 14: Aleochara succiola (sic) Thoms., Atheta nigricornis 
Thoms., Philonthus fuscus Grav., Nemadus colonoides Kr., Enic- 
mus minutus L., Gnathoncus pmictulatus Thoms.; (Meisen). 

— , 1915: Ceratophyllus sp., C. gallinae (Schr.), C. gallinulae (Dale), 
C. mustelae Wagner, C. (Monopsyllus) sciurorum Schr., Spalaco- 
psylla agyrtes (Heller); (Meisen). 



498 

Jeannel, 1936: Nemadus colonoides Kr. ; (mesange). 
Joy, 1905: Microglossa pulla GylL; (titmouse). 
— ■ , iQo6c: Microglossa pulla GyW., Choleva fumata: (tits). 

— , ig^2: Microglossa pulla GyW.; (tits). 

Kemper, 1939: Dermestes lardarius, D. vulpinus, D. peruvianas, Attage- 
nus pellio, A. piceus, Anthrenus scrophulariae, A. pimpinellae, A. 
verbasci, A. museorum; (Meisen). 

— , 1939a: Pa'nu.r = Ptinobruchus tectus'Qo'ieXd.; (Meisen). 
Leleup, 1946: Microglotta pulla Gyll.; (Parides). 

— , 1947c: Quedius (Microsaurus) brevicornis Thorns., Q. (M.) in- 
juscatus Er., Microglotta pulla GylL; (mesange). 

Lengerken, von, 1927: Microglossa marginalis Grav., Philonthus fuscus 
Grav., Euryusa optabilis Heer, Atheta angusticollis Thorns., Phyll- 
odrepa nigra Grav., Aleochara succicolaThom?.., yl.yz7/o5aMannerh., 
Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Hister 
merdarius Hoffm., Trox scaber L., T. perrisi Fairm., Cryptophagus 
scanicus L., Ptinus fur L., Dermestes bicolor F.; (Meisenhohlen). 

Leruth, 1935: Atheta fungi Grav., A. nigricornis Thorns.; (mesange). 

Lesne, 1923: Phaonia querceti Bouche {Mydaea platyptera Zett.); 
(mesange). 

Lohrl, ig^o : Protocalliphora sordida; (Meisen). 

Macquart, 1835: Ornithomyia ?,p.: (mesange). 

Menegaux, 1939: Ornithomyia chlor opus Bergroth; (mesange). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea; (tits). 

Paulian, 1943: Coleoptera, Microglotta pulla Gyll.; (mesange). 

Feus, 1938: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; (Meisen). 

Reclaire and Van der Wiel, 1936: Gnathoncus buyssoni Auzat; (mees). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Microglossa pulla Gyll., Protocalliphora 
azurea (Fallen), Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura neottiophila 
Collin; (tits). 

Saunt, 1933: Bombus hortorum L.; (tits). 

Seguy, 1923a: Phaonia querceti Bouche; (mesange). 
■ — • , ig28: Protocalliphora azurea falcozi Seguy; (mesange). 

— , 1929: Phaonia querceti Bouche, Protocalliphora falcozi Seguy, 
Systenus tener Loew, Fannia incisurata Zett.; (mesange). 

— - , 1932a: Systenus tener Loew, Fannia incisurata Zett., Phaonia 
querceti Bouche, Protocalliphora Falcozi Seguy; (mesange). 

— , 1934: Leptocera minutissima (Zett.) ; (mesange). 

— , 1936: Ornithomyia chloropus BergYoth; (mesange). 
■ — , iQ^i : Protocalliphora falcozi Seguy; (mesange). 

■ — ■ , 1946: Fannia sp., Mydaea sp., Phaonia sp., Leptocera sp., Scoto- 
philella retracta (Rdi.), Systenus sp., Fannia canicularis L., F. scala- 
ris F.; (mesange). 

— , 1950: Fannia sp., Mydaea sp., Ophyra sp., Phaonia sp., P. querceti 
Bouche, Leptocera minutissima {Zett.) ,ScGtophilella retractaRond., 
Systenus sp.; (mesange). 

— , ig^i: Protocalliphora caerulea Roh.-Desw; (mesange). 



499 

Sg.. 1907: Microglossa pulla Gyll. ; (Meisen). 

Sick, 1940: Gnathoncus punctulatus Thorns.; (Meisen). 

Sokolowski, 1942: Nemadus colonoides Kr. ; (Meise). 

Szekessy, 1950: Microglotta marginalis Grav. ; (Meisen). 

Thompson, 1937a: Ornithomyia avicularia, O. fmigillina: (Paridae). 

Titschack, 1929: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. ; (Meisen). 

^Voodroffe and Southgate. 1951b: Various household pests; (tits). 

Aegithalos caudatus (Linnaeus) 
Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker, C. gallinae Schr., Dasy- 

psyllus gallinulae (Dale). 
Baker, 1904: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Aegithalos roseus). 
Dale, 1878: Ceratopsyllus caudati, Dale; (long-tailed tit). 
Dampf, 1908: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Acredula rosea). 
Keilin, 1924a: Fleas, Anthomyia procellaris L., Homalomyia sp., An- 

thomyia pluvialis L., staphylinid; (Acredula caudata). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.). Dasypsyllus gallinulae 

gallinulae (Dale). 
Rothschild, 1900: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; (Acredula rosea). 
— - , 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinulae; (long-tailed tit) . 
Seguy, 1929: Anthomyia procellaris Rond.. Fannia sp.; (Acgithalus (sic) 

caudatus). 
— ■ , 1930: Anthomyia procellaris Rond.; (Aegithalus (sic) caudatus). 

— , 1932a: Anthomyia procellaris Rond., Fannia sp.; (Aegithalus (sic) 
caudatus). 

— , 1937a: Anthomyia pluvialis (L.), A. procellaris Rond., Fannia sp.; 
(Aegithalus (sic) caudatus). 

— , 1946: y4n//iomyza sp. ; (aegithale). 

— , ig^o: Anthomyia s p.; (aegithale). 

Thompson, 1937c: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Aegithalos caudatus 

roseus (Blyth) ). 
^\'agner, 1903: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; {Acredula rosea Blyth). 
\Valsh. 1938: Dasypsyllus gallinulae Dale; (long-tailed tit). 

Baeolophus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953b: Ornithoica vicina (Walker^ {= O. confluenta of most 
American authors, not of Say) . 

Baeolophus bicolor (Linnaeus) 
Robinson, 1941 :Tro.v sp.; (tufted titmouse ). Tro.v aequalis; {Baeolophus 
bicolor L.). 

Panurus biarmicus (Linnaeus) 
Bagnall, 1918 — 1921: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (bearded titmouse). 
Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Koths. 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (bearded tit- 
mouse ) . 
Rothschild, 19 15: Ceratophyllus garei Roths.; (Panurus biarmicus). 



500 

Parus sp. 

Bequaert, 1953a: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.). 
— ■ 3 1953b: Ornithomyia avicularia (L.), O. fringillina Curtis. Ornitli- 

oica vicina (Walker) (= O. conjluenta of most American authors, 

not of Say) ; {Penthestes sp.) . 
Bezzi, 1922: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.). 
Leleup, 19476: Nemadus colonoides Kr. 

— , I947i: Micro glotta inarginalis Gyll. 

Mason, 1936: Protocalliphora larvae and puparia; (chickadee). 
Morgan, 1944: Larvae of blood-sucking flies; (chickadee). 
Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.). 
Roubal, 1936: Ptinus raptor Strm. 
Seguy, 1929: Scotophilella retracta Rond. 

— , 1929b: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv. 

■ — ■ , 1932a: Camus heniapterus (Nitzsch), Scotophilella retracta Rond. 

— , 1934: Camus heniapterus Nitzsch. 
— ■ , 1937a: Fannia incisurata (Zett.j. 

— , 1944: Camus heniapterus Nitzsch. 

— , iQ^o: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch. 
Szekessy, 1950: Trox scaber L. 

Parus ater Linnaeus 

Audcent, 1942: Protocalliphora azurea Fall.; [Parus ater britannicus 
Sharpe & Dresser). 

Bequaert, 1942: Camus hernapterus Nitzsch. 

Hennig, 1937: Camus heniapterus Nitzsch, Leptometopa latipes Meig. 

Keilin, 1924a: Fleas, moth larvae or pupae. 

Kemper, 1938a: Enicmus minutus L.; (Tannenmeise). 

Menegaux, 1939: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Des\-. ) , P. falcozi 
Seguy; (Parus ater). 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (Parus ater). 
— • , 1936: Cryptophagus beringensis Sahib., Dendrophilus punctatus 
Hbst., Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., Corticaria serrata Payk., Enic- 
mus minutus L., Atheta nidicola Johans., Microglossa picipennis 
Gyll., M. pulla Gyll., Camus hernapterus Nitzsch, Hypaspistomyia 
latipes Mg., Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Entomobrya margiyiata 
Tullb., E. nivalis L., Hypogastrura purpurascens Lubb., Xenylla 
maritima Tullb., Formica fusca L., Tetramorium caespitosum L. 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea; (Parus ater). 

Rothschild, ig^2 : Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae (Dale). 

Rodhain and Bequaert, 19 16: Phormia sordida. 

Roubaud, 191 7: Phormia azurea Fallen; (Parus ater). 

Seguy, 1928: Protocalliphora caerulea Rob.-Desv., P. azurea (Fallen); 
(Parus ater). 

— , \g'^2a.: Protocalliphora caerulea (Rob.-Desv.); (Parus ater). 

— , iQ^6: Protocalliphora sp.; (mesange noire). 



501 

Seguy, 1950: Protocalliphora sp.; (mesange noire). 

Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.. Corticaria serrata Payk., 
Enicmus minutus L.; (Parus ater). 

Parus atricapillus Linnaeus 
Bequaert, 1942: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch; [Penthestes atricapillus 

Hall, 1948: ^pau/ma sp.; {Penthestes atricapillus atricapillus (L.)). 

Hennig. 1937: Camus hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura neottiophila 
Collin, Leptometopa latipes Meig. 
— , 1939: Protocalliphora sordida Zett. : [Parus atricapillus rhenanus 
Kleinschm.). 

Kemper, ig'^Qa.: Forficula auriculariah.; (Weidenmeise). 

Nordberg, 1934: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker, C. gallinae (Schr.); 
(Parus horealis). 
— - , 1936: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.. Gnathoncus rotundatus Kug., 
Hister bissextriatus (sic) Payk., Aleochara morion Grav., Atheta 
nigricornis Thorns., A. setigera Sharp, Microglossa pulla Gyll., Car- 
nus hemapterus Nitzsch, Meoneura 7z^oifzo/?/n7a Collin, Helomyzidae, 
Omithomyia avicularia L., Hypaspistomyia latipes Mg., Phaonia 
querceti Bouche, Omphrale fenestralis L., Ceratophyllus fringillae 
Walker, C. gallinae (Schr.) ,Thamnotettix sulphurellus Zett., Anuro- 
phorus laricis Nic, Entomobrya marginata Tullb., E. nivalis L., 
Lepidocyrtus cyaneus Tullb., Hypogastrura purpurascens Lubb., 
Xenylla maritima Tullb., Psocus nebulosus Steph., Neoneurus duc- 
tus Thorns., Chalcididae, Forficula auricularia L. 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Dasypsyllus gallinulae 
gallinulae (Dale). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale); (willow- 
titmouse). 

Szekessy, 1950: Dendrophilus punctatus Hbst.; (Parus atricapillus) . 

Parus caeruleus Linnaeus 

Allan, 1950: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Parus caeruleus). 

Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker, C. gallinae Schr.. Dasy- 
psyllus gallinulae (Dale). 

Bedwell, 1943: Gnathoncus buyssoni Auzat; (blue tit). 

Bequaert, 1953a: Omithomyia frijigillina Curtis; (Parus caeruleus ob- 
scurus). 

Boyd, 1932: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (blue tit). 

Eichler, 1938b: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Parus caeruleus). 

Heinz, 1954: Protocalliphora falcozi; (Parus caeruleus). 

Heselhaus, 1915: Dromius quadrimaculatus L., Cyphon variabilisThunh., 
Gnathoncus- punctulatus Thoms., G. rotundatus Kug., Enicmus mi- 
nutus L., Ptinus fur L., Aphodius prodromus Brahm, Sciodrepa 
fumata Spence, Atheta nigricornis Thorns., Microglossa pulla Gyll., 
Oxytelus inustus Grav., O. sculpturatus Grav., O. tetracarinatus 



502 

Block (sic), Philonthus juscus Grav., Phyllodrepa nigra Grav.. 

Platysthetus (sic) arenarius Fcr., Tachyporus hypnorum F. 
Jordan and Rothschild, 1920b: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. ; (Parus 

caeruleus). 
Keilin, 1924a: Fleas, Anthomyia procellaris L., Mydeae (sic) pertusa, 

Appiochaeta (sic) ruf ipes, Homalomyia sp.; {Parus coeruleus (sic)). 
Kemper, 1938: Flohe, Forficula auricularia, Mottenlarven, Anthrenus 

pimpinellae, A. museorum, Copeognathen, Liposcelis divinatorius , 

Dermestes lardarius, Ptinidae, Anthrenus verbasci. 

— , 1938a: Anthrenus museorum L., A. pimpinellae F., A. verbasci L., 
Dermestes lardarius L., Liposcelis divinatorius Miill., Forficula 
auricularia L..; (Blaumeise) . 

La Garde, de, 1909: Microglossa pulla; (blue tit). 

Leleup, 1947c: Hypogastrura (Mesachorutes) quadriocellata Absolon, 
collembola, Microglotta marginalis GylL, Phloeopora testacea 
Mannh.; (mesange bleue). Undetermined insects; {Parus coeruleus 
(sic) coeruleus (sic) L.). 

O'Mahony, 1939a: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.: {Parus c. obscurus 
Praz.). 

Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora azurea; (Parus caeruleus). 

Owen and Ash, 1955: Protocalliphora azurea (Fallen), Ceratophyllus 
gallinae Schr., C. fringillae (Walker), Dasypsyllus gallinulae (Dale) ; 
(Parus caeruleus). 

Rapp, 1933: Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Atheta nigricor7iisT\\om%.\ (Blau- 
meise). 

— , 1935: Gnathoncus nidicola Joy, Atheta nigricornis Thoms.; (Blau- 
meise ) . 

Rothschild, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.), Dasypsyllus gallinulae 
gallinulae (Dale); {Parus coeruleus (sic) L.). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.); (blue tit- 
mouse) . 

Saunt, 1934: Staphylinids, fleas; (blue tit). 

Seguy, 1929: Anthomyia procellaris Rond., Mydaea pertusa Meig., Fan- 

nia sp.; (Parus caeruleus). Megaselia ruf ipes Meig. 
■ — , 1930: Anthomyia procellaris Rond.; (Parus caeruleus). 

— , ig^'^a: Megaselia rufipes Meig. Anthomyia procellaris Kond.; {Pa- 
rus caerulus (sic)). Fannia sp., Mydaea pertusa Meig.; f Parus cae- 
ruleus). 

— , 1937a: Fannia sp., Anthomyia procellaris Rond., Helina sp.; {Pa- 
rus coeruleus (sic) ). 

— ■ , 1946: Mydaea pertusa (Meig.). Protocalliphora sp.; (mesange 
bleue). 

— , 1950: Mydaea pertusa Meig.; (Parus caeruleus). Protocalliphora 
sp.; (mesange bleue). 

Seidel, 1932: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; {Parus coeruleus (sic)). 

— , 1937: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr. 
Sick, 1940: Gnathoncus punctulatus Thoms. 



503 

Waterston, 1910a: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (P. coerulens (sic)). 
Wegelin, 1932: Pulex avium Taschby. (sic) ; (Blaumeise). 

— , 1934: Pulex avium L., Ceratophyllus aviam (sic) Tasch.; (Blau- 
meise ) . 

Woodroffe, iq^"^: Endrosis sarcitrella (L.). 

Parus cristatus Linnaeus 

Dampf, 1926: Ceratophyllus uralensis Wagner; (Parus cristatus). 

Jancke, 1938: Ceratophyllus uralensis (Wagner). 

Jordan and Rothschild, 1914a: Ceratophyllus gallinae Schr.; (Parus 
cristatus) . 

Leleup, 1947c: Undetermined insects; {Parus cristatus brunnescens 
Prazak). 

Rothschild and Clay, 1952: Ceratophyllus gallinae (Schr.) ; (crested tit- 
mouse). 

Seidel, 1937: Tarsopsylla octodecimdentatus Kolenati. 

Parus gambeli Ridgway 
Owen, 1954: Protocalliphora (= Apaulina of Hall); (Penthestes gam- 
beli). 

Parus gambeli baileyae Grinnell 
Herms, 1950: Protocalliphora splendida Macq. var. near hirudo S. & D.; 

(Bailey mountain chickadee). 
Storer, 1929: Protocalliphora splendida, var. near hirundo S. & B. (sic) ; 

(Penthestes gambeli baileyae). 

Parus major Linnaeus 
Ash, 1952: Ceratophyllus fringillae Walker, C. gallin