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A CHECK LIST OF NORTH 

AMERICAN AMPHIBIANS 

AND REPTILES 



BY 

LEONHARD STEJNEGER 

AND 

THOMAS BARBOUR 







CAMBRIDGE 

HARVABD UNIVERSITY PRESS 

1917 



Vi '■■ i^ <* 









COPYRIGHT, 1917 
HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS 



y\ 



t «• 



INTRODUCTION 

A CHECK LIST of North American Amphibians and 
Reptiles has long been wished for by all students of 
American Herpetology. This list has been prepared gen- 
erally upon the lines of the American Ornithologists' Union 
Check List of Birds, and following that example, it has in- 
cluded the species and subspecies which the authors deem 
valid 1 and of certain occurrence in North America, north of 
the Rio Grande, and in Lower California, Mexico. Miller's 
List of North American Land Mammals (Bull. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., No. 79, 1912) has also been a valued guide. 

This volume is the result of lists begun some years ago 
independently by both authors. The arrangement is on 
the following system: The higher groups and genera are 
in systematic sequence, the species are in alphabetic order. 
No attempt is made to give synonyms. Species not listed 
are believed to be invalid. The citation of original appear- 
ance of names is given for all except such (e. g., family 
names) as are formed automatically. Following the citation 
of the original description of each species comes the place of 
first appearance of the name in its present combination — 
accurate in so far as we have been able to determine. Refer- 
ences are added to Cope's North American Batrachia and 
to his Crocodilians, Lizards, and Snakes of North America. 
Both are frequently erratic and inaccurate, but large and 
excellent portions of both works are to a great extent from 
the pen of S. F. Baird, as painstaking an investigator 
as this country has produced. These monographs are in 

1 By this statement it is not meant that the authors in all cases have verified the status of a number 
of more recently established forms by critical study. The judgment of reliable workers has been 
accepted where no special reason appeared to contraindicate the validity of the form. As for the ad- 
mission of subspecies — or rather trinominal designation — for certain forms no special attempt has 
been made at consistency, the authors on principle leaning towards binominals in all cases where the 
need of trinominals has not been clearly established. 



IV INTRODUCTION 

widespread use, and constitute the most recent attempts 
toward complete lists. In the case of the difficult genus 
Thamnophis references are given to Ruthven's excellent 
review. Common names for reptiles and amphibians are 
in great confusion, and are often of generic rather than of 
specific application. No attempt is made to recognize any 
except those which are in well-established usage. The host 
which have been recently coined by various writers are fre- 
quently inapt and almost surely unlikely to survive. It is 
entirely possible that some vernacular names really often 
used have escaped our notice, since many are in restricted 
local use. The type localities are as nearly exact as it is 
possible to determine. This cannot be said regarding the 
ranges. Many are obviously faulty, but a sincere attempt 
has been made to collect records of authentic captures; how- 
ever, with a literature so extensive and so scattered, records 
have almost surely been overlooked. In many cases, our 
knowledge does not warrant drawing hard and fast lines de- 
limiting a form's occurrence, and we often state ranges in 
purposely general terms. There still is opportunity for 
valuable field work to determine the precise distribution of 
many of our most common species. An example is the recent 
discovery that Virginia valeriae is far from rare in parts of 
New Jersey. 

Our hearty thanks are due to many for information and 
advice, especially to Samuel Henshaw, John Van Denburgh, 
and Alex. G. Ruthven. 

G. K. Noble has assisted considerably in verifying refer- 
ences and searching literature, and for this assistance he has 
our grateful remembrance. 

T. B. 



AMPHIBIA (CLASS) 

LiNNE, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 194 

CAUDATA (ORDER) 

Oppel, Ordn. Kept. 1811, p. 72 

PROTEIDA (SUBORDER) 
Cope, Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 6, 1866, p. 102 

NECTURIDAE {FAMILY) 

Necturus (GENUS) 

Rafinesque, Journ. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat., Vol. 88, June, 1819, p. 418 

TYPE : maculatus = maculosus 

Necturus maculosus (Rafinesque) 
MUDPUPPY, WATERDOG 
Sirena maculosa Rafinesque 

Amer. Month. Mag. Crit. Rev., Vol. 4, No. 1, Nov. 1818, p. 41. 
Necturus maculosus Rafinesque 

Ann. Nat., Lexington, No. 1, March 22, 1820, p. 4. 
Necturus maculatus Cope 

Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 23, fig. 3. 

TYPE locality: Found in the Ohio River. 
range: Tributaries of the Great Lakes, the Mississippi River 
system, the upper Hudson River, and Lake Champlain. 

Nectxirus punctatus (Gibbes) 
Menohranchus punctatus Gibbes 

Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., Charleston, 1850, p. 159. 
Necturus punctatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 27, fig. 4. 
type locality: Dr. Schoolbred's plantation on the South 

Santee River, a few miles from its mouth, South Carolina. 
range: Fresh waters of North and South Carolina, especially 

rice field ditches. 





6 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

TYPHLOMOLGIDAE (FAMILY) 

Typhlomolge (GENUS) 

Stejneger, Proc. U. S. Nat., Mus., Vol. 18, 1896, p. 620 

type: rathbuni 

Typhlomolge rathbuni Stejneger 
Typhlomolge rathbuni Stejneger 
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 18, Apr. 15, 1896, p. 620. 

TYPE locality: Artesian well 188 feet deep, at U. S. Fish Com- 
mission Station, San Marcos, Hays Co., Texas. 
RANGE : Known from vicinity of the type locality only. 



MUTABILIA (SUBORDER) 

Merrem, Syst. Amph., 1820, p. 166 

AMPHIUMIDAE (FAMILY) 

Amphiimia (GENUS) 

Garden, Smith's Correspondence of Linnaeus, Vol. 1, 1821, p. 599 

type: means 

Amphiuma means Garden 

BLIND EEL, CONGO EEL, CONGO SNAKE 

Amphiuma means Garden 

Smith's Correspondence of Linnaeus, Vol. 1, 1821, p. 599, (desc. p. 333). 
Amphiuma means Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 216. 

type locality: Not stated, but from the context evidently 

either Charleston or East Florida. 
RANGE : From Virginia south to Florida, west to Louisiana. 

Amphimna tridactylmn Cuvier 
Amphiuma tridadylum Cuvier 

Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 14, 1827, p. 7, pi. 1, figs. 4-6, pi. 2, 
figs. 9-18. 

type locality: New Orleans, Louisiana. 

RANGE : Northern Florida to Southern Mississippi and Louisiana, 
up the Mississippi Valley at least to Missouri. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 7 

CRYPTOBRANCHIDAE (FAMILY) 

Cryptobranchus (GENUS) 

Leuckart, Isis, 1821, Lit. Anz., p. 259 

type: gigantea — alleganiensis 

Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (Daudin) 
HELL-BENDER 

Salamandra alleganiensis Daudin 

Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 8, 1803, p. 231. 
Cryptobranchus alleghaniensis Van der Hoeven 

Tijdschr. Nat. Geschied. Physiol., Vol. 4, 1837, p. 384. 
Cryptobranchus allegheniensis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 38, fig. 5. 

TYPE locality: Alleghany Mts. in Virginia. 
range: Western New York, the Great Lakes system, Iowa and 
southward to Georgia and Louisiana. 

SALAMANDRIDAE (FAMILY) 

Notophthalmus (GENUS) 

Rafinesque, Ann. Nat., Lexington, No. 1, March 22, 1820, p. 5 

type: miniatus = viridescens 

Notophthalmus meridionalis (Cope) 

Diemyctylus miniatus, subsp. meridionalis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 17, 1880, p. 30. 
Diemyctylus viridescens meridionalis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 211, fig. 54. 

TYPE locality: Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico. 

range: Southern Georgia to Louisiana, Texas and Tamaulipas. 

Notophthalmus torosus (Eschscholtz) 
GIANT NEWT, CALIFORNIA NEWT 
Triton torosus Eschscholtz 

Zool. Atlas, Pt. 5, 1833, p. 12, pi. 21, fig. 15. 
Notophthalmus torosus Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 284. 
Diemyctylus torosus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 204, fig. 51. 

TYPE locality: Surroundings of the Bay of San Francisco, 

California. 
RANGE : California, Oregon and Washington. 



8 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens (Rafinesque) 
COMMON NEWT (aquatic form) RED EFT or EBBET (terrestrial form) 
Triturus viridescens Rafinesque 

Ann. Nat., Lexington, No. 1, March 22, 1820, p. 5. 
Notophthalmus viridescens Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 284. 
Diemydylus viridescens Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 207, figs. 52-53. 

TYPE locality: Lake George, Lake Champlain. 
range: Eastern North America, Hudson Bay to Texas, west 
Illinois, Michigan, Missouri to Oklahoma. 

Notophthalmus viridescens vittatus (H. Garman) 

Diemydylus viridescens var. vittatus H. Garman • 

Journ. Cincinnati Soc. Nat. Hist., Vol. 19, 1897, p. 49. 

TYPE locality: Wilmington, North Carolina. 
RANGE : Only known from type locality. 

AMBYSTOMIDAE (FAMILY) 

Ambystoma (GENUS) 

TscHUDi, Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neuchatel, 1838, p. 92 
type: suhviolacea = maculatum 

Ambystoma annulatum Cope 
Amhlystoma annulatum Cope 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 23, 1886, p. 525. 
Linguaelapsu^ annulatum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 115, fig. 25. 

TYPE locality: Unknown. 

range: Arkansas. » 

Ambystoma aterrimum Cope 
Amhlystoma aterrimum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1867, p. 201. 
Chondrotus aterrimus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 109, fig. 23. 

TYPE locality: Northern Rocky Mountains (in Montana). 
range : Northern Rocky Mountains. 

Ambystoma cingulatum Cope 
Amhlystoma cingulatum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1867, p. 205. 
Chondrotus cingulatum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 100, p. 455, fig. 116. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 9 

TYPE locality: Graham ville, South CaroHna. 
RANGE : South CaroHna to Northern Florida. 

Ambystoma conspersum Cope 
Amhystoma conspersum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1859, p. 123. 
Amhlystoma conspersum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 61, fig. 10. 
TYPE locality: Londongrove, Chester Co., Pennsylvania. 
range: Pennsylvania to Georgia. 

Ambystoma decorticatum Cope 
Amhlystoma decorticatum Cope 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 23, 1886, p. 522. 
Chondrotus decorticatus Cope 
Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 107, fig. 22. 
TYPE locality: Port Simpson, British Columbia. 
range: Coastal region of South Eastern Alaska and British 
Columbia. 

Ambystoma epixanthum Cope 
Amhlystoma epixanthum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1883, p. 16. 
Amhlystoma epixanthum Cope * 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 97, fig. 18. 

type locality: " Swamp near head of South Boise River, on 

the south side of the Sawtooth Mts., Idaho." 
RANGE : Idaho and Montana. 

Ambystoma j offer sonianum (Green) 
Salamandra jeffersoniana Green 

Contr. Maclur. Lye, Vol. 1, No. 1, Jan. 1827, p. 4, pi. 1, fig. 1. 
Amhystoma jeffersoniana Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 283. 
Amhlystoma jeffersonianum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 89, figs. 15-16. 
TYPE locality: Near Jefferson College, Cannonsburg, Penn- 
sylvania. 
RANGE : Canada (to Hudson Bay) and New England, southward 
to Virginia, lUinois and Arkansas. 

Ambystoma lepturum Cope 
Amhlystoma lepturum Cope 
Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 23, 1886, p. 524. 



10 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Linguaelapsus lepturus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 116, fig. 26. 
TYPE locality: Unknown. 
range: Unknown. 

Ambystoma macrodactylum Baird 

Ambystoma macrodactyla Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 292. 
Amhlystoma macrodactylum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 95, fig. 17. 

TYPE locality: Astoria, Oregon. 

RANGE : Northern California to British Columbia, Montana. 

Ambystoma maculatum (Shaw) 
SPOTTED SALAMANDER 
Lacerta maculata Shaw 

Gen. Zool. Vol. 3, Ft. 1, 1802, p. 304.^ 
Ambystoma maculatum Stejneger 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 15, Dec. 16, 1902, p. 239. 
Amblystoma punctatum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 5Q, fig. 9. 

TYPE locality: Carolina (based on Catesby, Nat. Hist. Caro- 
lina, Ed. 1, Appendix, 1748, pi. 10, fig. 10.) 
range: Nova Scotia west to Wisconsin, southward to Georgia 
.r and Texas. 

Ambystoma microstomum Cope 
Amblystoma microstomum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 123. 
Chondrotus microstomus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 101, fig. 19. 

TYPE LOCALITY : Wabash, Ohio.^ 

range: South Carolina to Texas, northward to Ohio, Illinois 
and possibly Canada. 

Ambystoma opacum (Gravenhorst) 
MARBLED SALAMANDER 

Salamandra opaca Gravenhorst. 

Vergl. Uebers. Zool. Syst., 1807, p. 431. 
Ambystoma opaca Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 283. 

1 This is Lacerla punctata of Linne, Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, 1766, p. S70, but not L. punctata of Linn£, 
Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, 1768, p. 209, or Ed. 12, 1766, p. 369. 

« Possibly incorrect, cf. Fowler and Dunn, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 69, 1917, p. 11. It is 
probably Wabash River, Indiana. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 11 

Amhlystoma opacum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 54, fig. 8. 

TYPE locality: New York. 

range: From Massachusetts to Florida, west to Louisiana and 

Texas, Mississippi basin north to Arkansas, Missouri, Indiana 

and Illinois. 

Ambystoma paroticum Baird 
Amhlystoma paroticum Baird, 

in Cope Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1867, p. 200. 
Chondrotus paroticus Cope 
Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., N. 34, 1889, p. 105, fig. 21. 
TYPE locality: Chiloweyuck Lake, British Columbia. 
range: Northern California to British Columbia, Vancouver 
Island. 

Ambystoma stejnegeri Ruthven 

Ambystoma stejnegeri Ruthven 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 41, Jan. 22, 1912, p. 517. 

TYPE locality: Bloomfield, Davis Co., Iowa. 
range: Southeastern Iowa. 

Ambystoma talpoideum (Holbrook) 
MOLE SALAMANDER 

Salamandra talpoidea Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 3, 1838, p. 117, pi. 29. 
Ambystoma talpoideum Gray 

Cat. Batr. Grad. Brit. Mus., 1850, p. 36. 
Amhlystoma talpoideum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 52, fig. 7. 
TYPE locality: Sea Islands on the border of South Carolina. 
range: South Atlantic and Gulf States, Louisiana to Illinois. 

Ambystoma tenebrosum ^ Baird and Girard 
Amhlystoma tenehrosum Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 174. 
Chondrotus tenehrosum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. Ill, fig. 24. 

TYPE locality: Oregon. 

range: Central California to Southern coastal region of British 
Columbia. 

1 According to Van Denburgh Dicamptodon ensatus (Eschscholtz Zool. Atlas, pt. 5, 1833, p. 6, 
pi. 22), is a synonym of Ambystoma tenehrosum Baird and Girard; until, however, it is possible to 
examine the type, if it still exists at Dorpat or Rostock, it seems better to consider this allocation 
only provisional, in view of the fact that the figure in the Zoologisches Atlas is not very similar to the 
Ambystoma. We do not, however, include it in the list. 



12 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Ambystoma texanum (Matthes) 
Salamandra texana Matthes 

Allg. deutsche naturh. Zeitschr., N. S., Vol. 1, 1855, p. 266. 
Amhlystoma texanum Baird 

U. S. Nat. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, 1859, Rept. p. 29, pi. 35, fig. 15. 
Chondrotus texanus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 104, fig. 20. 

TYPE LOCALITY : " Das crstc Exemplar fand ich ... im Ur- 
walde am Rio Colorado, das zweite ebenfalls . . . im Cum- 
ming's Creeck (sic) Bottom, Fayette County." 

range: Texas. 

Ambystoma tigrinum (Green) 
TIGER SALAMANDER 
Salamandra tigrina Green 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 5, 1825, p. 116. 
Ambystoma tigrina Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 284. 
Amhlystoma tigrinum Cope^ 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 68, figs. 12-13. 

TYPE locality: Near Moorestown, New Jersey. 

range: Widely distributed over almost all the United States, 

east of the Rocky Mts., and extending southward over the north 

ern portion of the Mexican plateau. 

Ambystoma trisruptum Cope 

Amhlystoma trisruptum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1867, p. 194. 
Amhlystoma trisruptum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 86. 

TYPE locality: Ocate Creek, New Mexico. 
RANGE : New Mexico. 

Ambystoma xiphias Cope 

Amhlystoma xiphias Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1867, p. 192. 
Amhlystoma xiphias Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 87, fig. 14. 

TYPE locality: Columbus, Ohio. 
range: Ohio. 

1 According to a note in Cope's handwriting in the jar containing the type of A. copeianum Hay, 
he considered it the same as A. tigrinum, although it is recognized in his Batrachia of North America. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. A]VO>H. KEPT. 13 

Ranodon (GENUS) 
Kessler, Bull. Soc. Natural. Moscou, Vol. 39, pt. 1, 1866, p. 130 
type: sihiricus 
Ranodon olympicus Gaige 
Ranodon olympicus Gaige 

Occ. Papers Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, No. 40, May 30, 1917, p. 2, 
pl.l. 

TYPE locality: Lake Cushman, Washington. 
RANGE : The Olympic Mts. Washington 

PLETHODONTIDAE (FAMILY) 

Batrachoseps (GENUS) 

Bonaparte, Iconogr. Fauna Italica, Vol. 2, fasc. 26, 1839, 

fol. 131 * * * (not paged) 

type: attenuatus 

Batrachoseps attenuatus (Eschscholtz) 
Salamandrina attenuata Eschscholtz 

Zool. Atlas, Pt. 5, 1833, p. 1, pi. 21, figs. 1-14. 
Batrachoseps attenuatus Cooper 

Pacif. R. R. Surv., Vol. 12, pt. 3, 1858, Zool., p. viii, pi. 31, fig. 5. 
Batrachoseps attenuatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 127, fig. 28. 
TYPE locality: Environs of Bay of San Francisco, Cal. 
range : Southwestern Oregon, California, and Lower California. 

Batrachoseps caudatus Cope 
Batrachoseps caudatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 126, fig. 27. 

TYPE locality: Hassler Harbor, Alaska. (Probably on Anette 

Island, S. E. Alaska.) 
RANGE : Northern Channel Islands, Alaska. 

Batrachoseps pacificus (Cope) 
Hemidactylium pacificum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1865, p. 195. 
Batrachoseps pacificus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 99. 
Batrachoseps pacificus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 129. 

type locality: Santa Barbara (.P), Cal. 
RANGE : Islands off the coast of California. 



14 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Batrachoseps major Camp 
Batrachoseps major Camp 

Univ. California Publ. ZooL, Vol. 12, No. 12, Apr. 2, 1915, p. 327. 

Type Locality : Sierra Madre, 1,000 feet elevation, Los Angeles 

Co., California. 
range: Southwestern California. 



Hemidactylium (GENUS) 
TscHUDi, Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neuchatel, 1838, p. 94 

Hemidactylium scutatum (Schlegel) 
FOUR-TOED SALAMANDER 
Salamandra scutata Schlegel 

Fauna Japonica, Saur. Batr., 1838, p. 119. 
Hemidactylium scutatum Tschudi 

Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neucha,tel, 1838, p. 94. 
Hemidactylium scutatum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 130, fig. 29. 

TYPE locality: Nashville, Tennessee. 

range : Massachusetts, southern Canada westward to Michigan, 
south to Georgia and the Gulf States, also Arkansas and Illi- 
nois. 

Plethodon (GENUS) 

Tschudi, Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neuchatel, 1838, p. 92 
type: cinereus 

Plethodon aeneus Cope and Packard 
Plethodon aeneus Cope and Packard 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 15, 1881, p. 878. r 

Plethodon aeneus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 143, fig. 32. 

type locality: Nickajack Cave, southern Tennessee. 
range : Virginia to northern Georgia and Tennessee. 

Plethodon croceater Cope 
Plethodon croceater Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1867, p. 210. 
Plethodon croceater Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 150. 

TYPE locality: Fort Tejon, California (?). 
range : Lower California, and California north to El Dorado 
County. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 15 

Plethodon dorsalis (Cope)i 

Plethodon cinereus dorsalis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 138. 

TYPE locality: Salem, Massachusetts (.?), and Louisville, 

Kentucky. 
RANGE : Southern Illinois, southern Ohio, southern Indiana and 

western Kentucky. 

Plethodon elongatus Van Denburgh 

Plethodon elongatus Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 4, Vol. 6, No. 7, May 12, 1916, p. 216. 

TYPE locality: Requa, Del Norte Co., California. 
RANGE : Requa, Del Norte Co., California. 

Plethodon cinereus (Green) ^ 

REDBACKED SALAMANDER; DUSKY SALAMANDER (names for the 

TWO COLOR phases) 

Salamandra cinerea Green 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 1, Pt. 2, Sept. 1818, p. 356. 
Plethodon cinereus Tschudi 

Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neuch^tel, 1838, p. 92. 
Plethodon cinereus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 133, fig. 30. 

TYPE locality: New York in rocky situations. 
range: Eastern Canada and the states east of the Mississippi 
River, also Missouri. 

Plethodon eschscholtzii (Gray) 

Ensatina eschscholtzii Gray 

Cat. Batr. Grad. Brit. Mus., 1850, p. 48. 
Plethodon eschscholtzii Grinnell and Camp 

Univ. California Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, July 11, 1917, p. 132. 
Plethodon oregonensis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mifs., No. 34, 1889, p. 148, fig. 35. 

TYPE locality: California. 

RANGE : Puget Sound to Los Angeles, California. 

1 There is no evidence that Baird ever described this species which is generally credited to him. 
Cope (Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 100) mentions it as a variety of Plethodon cinereus, thus, 
" Var. -y. dor#a/t>, Baird, M.S. 3776. Louisville, Ky.; Salem, Mass." This reference is a nomennudum 
pure and simple. 

' Green described this species and also named the synonymous erythronotus upon the same page. 
It therefore remained for the first reviser to fix the correct name for the species. This Tschudi did 
in 1838. 



16 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Plethodon glutinosus (Green) 
SLIMY SALAMANDER 

Salamandra glutinosa Green 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., VoL 1, Pt. 2, Sept. 1818, p. 357. 
Plethodon glutinosus Tschudi 

Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Neuch^tel, 1828, p. 92. 
Plethodon glutinosus Cope 

BulL U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 139, fig. 31. 

TYPE locality: Not mentioned but obviously Princeton, New 
Jersey. Here Green lived, and he mentions often finding the 
creature under stones. 

RANGE : Eastern Canada, New England to Wisconsin, south to 
Florida, the Gulf States to Texas and to Missouri. 

Plethodon intermedius Baird 

Plethodon intermedius Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1867, p. 209. 
Plethodon intermedius Cope ^ 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 145, fig. 33. 

TYPE locality: Fort Tejon, California (?). 
RANGE : Oregon, Washington, Vancouver Island. 

Plethodon jordani Blatchley 
Plethodon jordani Blatchley 

25 Ann. Rep. Dept. Geol. Indiana, 1900 (1901), p. 762. 

TYPE locality: Mt. Collins and Indian Pass, 3000-5000 feet 

altitude, Sevier Co., Tenn. 
range: Tennessee. 

Plethodon metcalfi Brimley 
Plethodon metcalfi Brimley 
Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 25, Dec. 4, 1912, p. 138. pi. 6, figs. 
1, 2, 4, 7-11. 
TYPE locality: Sunburst, Haywood Co., North Carolina. 
range : Mountains of North CaroHna. 

Plethodon shermani Stejneger 
Plethodon shermani Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 30, May 22, 1906, p. 559, fig. 1. 

TYPE locality:^ Wayah Bald Mountain, North Carolina. 
RANGE : North Carolina to Georgia. 

1 The young of this species (in one of two color phases?) has appeared frequently in literature as 
Plethodon crassulus Cope, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol.23, 1886, p. 621; Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., No.34, 
1889, p. 147, fig. 34 

' Originally given as Nantahala Mt. between Andrews and Aquonne, North Carolina (in error e). 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 17 

Plethodon vandykei Van Denburgh 
Plethodon vandykei Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 3, Zool. Vol. 4, March 14, 1906, p. 61. 
TYPE locality: Paradise Valley, Mt. Ranier Park, Washing- 
ton. 
RANGE : Washington. (Kjiown from type locality only). 

Plethodon wehrlei Fowler and Dunn 
Plethodon wehrlei Fowler and Dunn 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 69, 1917, p. 23, pi. 4. 

TYPE locality: Two Lick Hills, Indiana Co., Pennsylvania. 
range: Central and western Pennsylvania. 

Plethodon yonahlossee Dunn 
Plethodon yonahlossee Dunn 

Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., New York, Vol. 37, Oct. 13, 1917, p. 
598. 

TYPE locality: Near the Yonahlossee Road, about 1| miles 

from Linville, North Carolina, altitude 4200 feet. 
range: Wooded mountains near Linville, North Carolina. 

Stereochilus (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 100 

type: marginatus 

Stereochilus marginatus (Hallowell) 
Pseudotriton marginatus Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1856, p. 130. 
Stereochilus marginatum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 101. 
Stereochilus marginatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 152, fig. 36. 

TYPE locality: Liberty Co., Georgia. 
range : North CaroUna to Georgia. 

Gyrinophilus (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 108 

type: porphyriticus 

Gjnrinophilus danielsi (Blatchley) 
Spelerpes danielsi Blatchley 

25 Ann. Rep. Dept. Geol. Indiana, 1900, (1901), p. 760. 
Gyrinophilus danielsi Fowler and Dunn 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 69, 1917, p. 19. 



18 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

TYPE locality: Mt. Collins and Indian Pass, Sevier Co., 

Tennessee. 
BANGE : North Carolina to Georgia, Tennessee. 

Gyrinophilus porphyriticus (Green) 
Scdamandra porphyritica Green 

Contr. Maclur. Lye, Vol. 1, 1827, p. 3, pi. 1, fig. 2. 
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 108. 
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus Cope 
Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 155, fig. 37. 
TYPE locality: French Creek near Meadville, Crawford 

County, Pennsylvania. 
KANGE : Southern Canada, southward through the eastern states 
to Kentucky; Ohio. 

Manculus (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 101 
type: quadridigitatus 

Manculus quadridigitatus (Holbrook) 
DWARF SALAMANDER 

Scdamandra quadridigitata Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 2, Vol. 5, 1842, p. 65, pi. 21. 
Manculus quadridigitatus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 101. 
Manculus quadridigitatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 159, fig. 38. 
TYPE locality: South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. 
RANGE : North Carolina to Florida, Gulf States to Texas. 

Manculus remifer Cope 
Manculus remifer Cope 

Rep. Peabody Ac. Salem, 1869-70 (1871), p. 84. 
Manculus remifer Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 158. 
TYPE locality: Jacksonville, Florida. 
RANGE : Northern Florida. 

Eurycea (GENUS) 

Rajfinesque, Kentucky Gazette, Lexington, N. S., Vol. 1, No. 9, 
Feb. 28, 1822, p. 3, column 6 
type: lucifuga 
Eurycea bislineata (Green) 
Salamandra bislineata Green 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 1, Sept. 1818, p. 352. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 19 

Spelerpes bilineatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 163, fig. 40. 

TYPE locality: Western Pennsylvania . 

RANGE : Northern New England to Florida, Southern Canada, 
Lake Superior to Louisiana. 

Eurycea gutto-lineata (Holbrook) 
Salamandra gutto-lineata Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 2, 1838, p. 61, pi. 12. 
Spelerpes guttolineatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 170, fig. 42. 

TYPE locality: " Carolina, in the middle country." 
RANGE : Virginia to Georgia, west to Alabama, Mississippi and 
Louisiana. 

Eurycea longicauda (Green) 
Salamandra longicauda Green 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 1, Sept., 1818, p. 351. 
Spelerpes longicaudus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 168, fig. 41. 

TYPE locality: New Jersey (probably near Princeton). 
RANGE : Southern New England to Florida and Louisiana, west 
to Kentucky, Ohio, Tennesee, Illinois and Missouri. 

Eurycea lucifuga Rafinesque 
Eurycea lucifuga Rafinesque 

Kentucky Gazette, Lexington, (N. S.), Vol. 1, No. 9, Feb. 28, 1822, 

p. 3, column 6. 
Gyrinophilus maculicaudu^ Cope 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 24, 1890, p. 967. 

type locality: " Caves near Lexington, Kentucky." 
range : West Virginia to Tennessee and Kentucky, also Indiana, 
Illinois and Missouri. 

Eurycea melanopleura (Cope) 
Spelerpes melanopleurus Cope 
Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1893, p. 383. 
type locality: Raley's Creek, White River, Missouri. 
range: Missouri. 

Eurycea montana (Baird) 
Pseudotriton montanus Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 293. 
Spelerpes ruber montanus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 179. 



20 STEJGENER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

TYPE locality: South Mountain, near Carlisle, Penn. 
RANGE : Mountains from Pennsylvania southward to the Caro- 
linas and probably Georgia. 

Eurycea multiplicata (Cope) 
Spelerpes multiplicatus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 106. 
Spelerpes multiplicatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 162, fig. 39. 

TYPE locality: Red River, in Eastern Oklahoma. 
range: Missouri and Kansas, through Arkansas to Oklahoma, 
and New Mexico. 

Eurycea platycephala (Camp) 
Spelerpes platycephalm'i Camp 

Univ. California Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, Sept. 18, 1916, p. 11. 

TYPE locality: Head of Lyell Canon, The Yosemite Nat. Park, 

California, 10,800 feet alt. 
range: Head of Lyell Canon, The Yosemite National Park, 

California, 10,800 feet alt. 

Eurycea rubra rubra (Sonnini) 
RED salamander 

Salamandra rubra Sonnini 

in Latreille, Hist. Nat. Kept., Vol. 4, 1802, p. 305. 
Spelerpes ruber Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 172, fig. 43. 
TYPE locality: United States. 

range: From New England to Florida westward to Louisiana, 
Tennessee, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Ohio. 

Eurycea rubra schencki (Brimley) 
Spelerpes ruber schencki Brimley 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 25, Dee. 4, 1912, p. 139, pi. 7, 
figs. 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 20-22. 

TYPE locality: Sunburst, North Carolina, 3,200 feet. 
RANGE : Mountains of North Carolina. 

Eurycea stejnegeri (Eige^iann) 
Spelerpes stejnegeri Eigenmann 

Trans. Amer. Micr. Soc., Vol. 22, 1901, p. 189, pi. 28. 

TYPE locality: Rock House Cave, Missouri. 
RANGE : The Ozark Plateau. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 21 

Aneidesi (GENUS) 

Baird, Iconogr. EncycL, Vol. 2, 1849, Zool., p. 257 
type: luguhris 
Aneides ferreus Cope 

Anaides ferreus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 109. 
Autodax ferreus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 185, fig. 45. 

TYPE locality: Fort Umpqua, Oregon. 
RANGE : Northern California, Oregon. 

Aneides iecanus (Cope) 

Plethodon iecanus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1893, p. 24. 
Aneides iecanus Grinnell and Camp 

Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, July 11, 1917, p. 135. 
Autodax iecanus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 187, fig. 46. 

TYPE locality: Shasta Co., California. 
range : Northern CaHfornia. 

Aneides lugubris lugubris (Hallowell) 

Salamandra luguhris Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 4, 1849, p. 126. 
Aneides luguhris Baird 

Iconogr. EncycL, Vol. 2, 1849, Zool., p. 257. 
Autodax luguhris Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 183, fig. 44. 

TYPE locality: "Island of Maui, one of the Sandwich Islands." 
RANGE : California; the Coronados Islands, Mexico. 

Aneides lugubris farallonensis (Van Denburgh) 

Autodax luguhris farallonensis Van Denburgh 

Proc. Cal. Ac. Sci., Ser. 3, Zool., Vol. 4, 1905, p. 5, pi. 2. 

Aneides luguhris farallonensis Grinnell and Camp 
Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, July 11, 1917, p. 135. 

TYPE locality: South Farallon Island, California. 
range : The Farallon Islands. 

* Generic name spelt also Anaides (p. 460 and Zool. p. 256) in same reference — but Anaides is 
preoc. by Anaides of Westwood, Proc. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1841, for a genus of Longicorn beetles. 
Aneidea seems to have been the spelling intended. 



22 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Desmognathus (GENUS) 

Baird, Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, pp. 282, 285 
type: fuscus 

Desmognathus brimleyorum Stejneger 
Desmognathus brimleyorum Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 17, May 11, 1895, p. 597. 
TYPE locality: Hot Springs, Arkansas. 
RANGE : Arkansas. 

Desmognathus fuscus fuscus (Rafinesque) 
Trituru^ fuscus Rafinesque 

Ann. Nat., Lexington, No. 1, March 22, 1820, p. 4. 
Desmognathus fuscus Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 285. 
Desmognathus fusca fusca Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 194, fig. 48. 
TYPE locality: Northern parts of State of New York. 
RANGE : Southern Canada to the mountains of the Carolinas and 
Georgia. 

Desmognathus fuscus auriculatus (Holbrook) 
Salamandra auriculata Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 3, 1838, p. 115, pi. 28. 
Desmognathus auriculatus Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 286. 
Desmognathus fusca auriculata Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 195, fig. 49. 

TYPE locality: Riceborough, Georgia. 

range : Lowlands from Virginia to Florida and the Gulf States. 

Desmognathus monticola Dunn 
Desmognathus monticola Dunn 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 29, April 4, 1916, p. 73. 

TYPE locality: Elk Lodge, near Brevard, North Carolina. 
RANGE : From Virginia and West Virginia to Georgia. (In the 
mountains 500-4500 feet.) 

Desmognathus ochrophaeus ochrophaeus (Cope) 
Desmognathus ochrophaea Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1859, p. 124. 
Desmognathus ochrophaea Cope 

Bull., U. S. Nat. Mus., No., 34, 1889, p. 191, fig. 47. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 23 

TYPE locality: Susquehanna Co., Penn. 

kange: New Brunswick and Northern New York south to the 
mountains of Maryland. 

Desmognathus ochrophaeus carolinensis Dunn 
Desmognathus ochrophaeus carolinensis Dunn 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 29, April 4, 1916, p. 74. 
TYPE locality: Mt. Mitchell, North Carolina, over 6500 feet. 
RANGE : West Virginia to Georgia (in the mountains). 

Desmognathus quadra-maculatus (Holbrook) 
Salamandra quadra-maculata Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 4, 1840, pi. 27. (The text p. 121 reads 
maculo-quadrata. ) 
Desmognathuis quadrimaculata Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 26, Jan. 29, 1903, p. 557. 

TYPE locality: Georgia and the Carolinas. 

RANGE : Virginia to Georgia, in the mountains, 2000-6000 feet. 

Leurognathus (GENUS) 
Moore, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1899, p. 316 ^ 
type: marmoratus 

Leurognathus marmoratus Moore 
Leurognathus marmoratus Moore 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1899, p. 316. 

TYPE locality: South slope Grandfather Mt., North Carolina, 

3500 feet. 
RANGE : Mountains of North Carolina. 

Typhlotriton (GENUS) 

Stejneger, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 15, 1892, p. 115 

type: spelaeus 

Typhlotriton spelaeus Stejneger 
Typhlotriton spelaeus Stejneger 
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 15, Aug. 2, 1892, p. 115, pi. 9. 
TYPE locality: Rock House Cave, Missouri. 
RANGE : Rock House Cave, Barry Co., Marble Cave, Stone Co., 
Doris Cave, Wright Cave, Missouri. 



24 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

MEANTES (SUBORDER) 

LiNNE, Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, Pt. 2, 1766, sign. 
Rrrr 5, Addenda (not paged) 

SIRENIDAE (FAMILY) 

Siren (GENUS) 

Linn6, Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, pt. 2, 1766, sign. 
Rrrr 5, Addenda (not paged) 
type: lacertina 
Siren lacertina Linn^ 
MUD-EEL 

Siren lacertina Linn^; 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, pt. 2, 1766, sign. Rrrr 5, Addenda (not 
paged). 
Siren lacertina Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 226, fig. 57. 

TYPE locality: " Habitat in Carolinae paludosis." 
range: Eastern Virginia to Florida, through the Gulf States to 
the west side of the Rio Grande. Ascends the Mississippi Val- 
ley to Illinois and Indiana. Occurs in scattered localities in 
Arkansas and Missouri. 

Pseudobranchus (GENUS) 

Gray, Ann. Philos. (N. S.), Vol. 10, 1825, p. 216 

type: striatus 

Pseudobranchus striatus (Le Conte) 
Siren striata Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. New York, Vol. 1, pt. 1, 1824, p. 53, pi. 4. 
Pseudobranchiis striatus Gray 

Ann. Philos., (N. S.), Vol. 10, 1825, p. 216. 
Pseudobranchus striatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 230, fig. 58. 

type locality: Not given, but by inference it was one of the 
Le Conte plantations in Floyd or Liberty Co., Georgia. 

range : Swamps of southern South Carohna, lower Georgia and 
Florida. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 25 

SALIENTIA (ORDER) 

Laurenti, Syn. Rept., 1768, p. 24 

COSTATA (SUBORDER) 
Lataste, Act. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, Vol. 33, 1879, p. 339 

DISCOGLOSSIDAE (FAMILY) 

Ascaphus (GENUS) 

Stejneger, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 21, June 20, 1899, p. 899 
type: truei 
Ascaphus truei Stejneger 
Ascaphus truei Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 21, June 20, 1899, p. 900, figs. 1-4, pi. 89. 
TYPE locality: Humptulips, Washington. 
range : Chehalis Co. and Pierce Co., Washington. 

LINGUATA (SUBORDER) 

Gravenhorst, Thierreich, 1845, p. 43 

SCAPHIOPODIDAE (FAMILY) 

Scaphiopus (GENUS) 

HoLBROOK, N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 1, 1836, p. 85 
type: solitariu^ = holbrookii 

Scaphiopus couchii Baird 

Scaphiopus covx^hii Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 62. 
Scaphiopus couchii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 34, 1889, p. 301, fig. 75. 

TYPE locality: Rio Nasas, Coahuila and Matamoros, Ta- 

mauhpas, Mexico. 
range: Texas to Arizona, northern states of Mexico, Lower 

California. 

Scaphiopus hammondii Baird 
Scaphiopus Hammondii Baird 

Rep. Pacif. R. R. Surv., Vol. 10, Pt. 4, 1875, p. 12, pi. 28, fig. 2. 



26 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Sfea hammondii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 303, fig. 77. 
TYPE locality: Fort Reading, California. 
range: Western and southwestern states from Montana south 
to Texas and Mexico, and westward to the Pacific Coast states. 

Scaphiopus holbrookii holbrookii ^ (Harlan) 
SPADEFOOT 

Rana holbrookii Harlan 

Med. Phys. Researches, 1835, p. 105. 
Scaphiopus holbrooJcii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 298. 
TYPE locality: South Carolina. 

RANGE : Eastern states, Massachusetts to Florida, west to Louis- 
iana, Texas to Arkansas. 

Scaphiopus holbrookii albus (Garman) 
Scaphiopus albus Garman 
• Proc. Amer. Ass. Adv. Sci., Buffalo, 1877, p. 194. 

TYPE locality: Key West, Florida. 

RANGE : Florida Keys and possibly the extreme southern part of 
the peninsula of Florida. 

Scaphiopus hurterii Strecker 
Scaphiopus hurterii Strecker 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 23, July 23, 1910, p. 116, pi. 2, 

figs. 3-4. 
TYPE locality: Waco, Texas. 
range: Texas. 

BUFONIDAE (FAMILY) 

Bvdo (GENUS) 
Laurenti, Syn. Rept., 1768, p. 25 
type: vulgaris = bufo 
Bufo alvarius Girard 
Bufo alvarius Girard 

U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, 1859, Rept., p. 26, pi. 41, figs. 1-6. 
Bufo alvarius Cope 
Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 265, fig. 62. 

1 This species usually appears in the literature as Scaphiopus solitarius Holbrook. Harlan's de- 
scription appeared a year before Holbrook's but Harlan knew of Holbrook's discovery of the species 
for he writes (1. c.) " This new species, first figured and described by Dr. Holbrook (vide his valuable 
work on North American Reptiles), possesses very peculiar characters. . . ." 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 27 

TYPE locality: Valley of the Gila and Colorado Rivers. 
RANGE : Southern Arizona and Southern California. 

Bufo americanus Holbrook 
AMERICAN TOAD 

Bnfo americanus Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. I, Vol. 1, 1836, p. 75, pi. 2. 
Bufo lentiginosus americanus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 284. fig. 70. 

TYPE LOCALITY : "From Maine through all the Atlantic States." 
RANGE : Eastern North America from Hudson Bay Southward. 

Bufo boreas boreas (Baird and Girard) 
Bufo boreas Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 174. 
Bufo columbiensis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 267, fig. 63. 

TYPE locality: Columbia River and Puget Sound. 
RANGE : Colorado north and west to Puget Sound. Also British 
Columbia and southwestern Alaska to Prince William Sound. 

Bufo boreas halophilus (Baird and Girard) 
Bufo halophila Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1853, p. 301. 
Bufo boreas halophilus Camp 

Univ. California Publ. ZooL, Vol. 17, No. 9, Feb. 3, 1917, p. 116. 
Bufo columbiensis halophilus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 269, fig. 64. 

TYPE locality: Benicia, California. 

RANGE : Western Nevada, California, and northern Lower Cali- 
fornia. 

Bufo canorus Camp 
Bufo canorus Camp 
Univ. California Publ. ZooL, Vol. 17, Nov. 17, 1916, p. 59. 

TYPE locality: Porcupine Flat, Yosemite National Park, Cali- 
fornia. 

range : Region about Porcupine Flat, Yosemite National Park, 
California. 

Bufo cognatus cognatus (Say) 
Bufo cognatus Say 

Long's Exp. Rocky Mts., Vol. 2, 1823, p. 190. 
Bufo cognatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 275, fig. 67. 



28 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

TYPE locality: Arkansas River, Prowers Co., Colorado. 
range: Arizona and Colorado to Texas, Arkansas to Kansas, 
southern Wyoming. 

Bufo cognatus califomicus Camp 
Bufo cognatus californieus Camp 
Univ. California Publ. ZooL, Vol. 12, April 2, 1915, p. 331. 

TYPE LOCALITY : Sta. Paula, Ventura Co., California. 
range: Southwestern California. 

Bufo compactilis VTiegmann 
Bufo compactilis Wiegmann 

Isis, 1833, p. 661. 
Bufo compactilis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 272, fig. 65. 

TYPE locality: Mexico. 

RANGE : Northern Mexico, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. 

Bufo debilis Girard 
Bufo debilis Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 87. 
Bufo debilis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 264, fig. 61. 

TYPE locality: Lower part of the valley of the Rio Grande, 

Texas and in Tamaulipas, Mexico. 
range : Colorado south into the northern states of Mexico. 

Bufo fowled Garman 
FOWLER'S TOAD 

Bufofowleri Garman 

Bull. Essex Inst. Vol. 16, 1884, p. 42. 
Bufo lentiginosus fowleri Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 279, fig. 68. 
TYPE locality: " Manitoba to Winnipeg; Massachusetts." 
RANGE : New England and New York, southward to Georgia, 
west to Michigan. 

Bufo hemiophrys Cope 
Bufo hemiophrys Cope 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc., Vol. 23, 1886, p. 515. 
Bufo hemiophrys Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 273, fig. 66. 
TYPE locality: Pembina and Turtle Mountains, North Da- 
kota. 
RANGE : North Dakota and Manitoba. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 29 

Bufo punctatus Baird and Girard 
Bufo 'punctatus Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 173. 
Bufo punctatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 262, fig. 60. 

TYPE locality: Rio San Pedro, tributary of the Rio Grande 

del Norte, Texas. 
range : Western Texas, Arizona, Utah, Southern California and 

Lower California. 

Bufo quercicus Holbrook 
Bufo quercicus Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 4, 1840, p. 109, pi. 22. 
Bufo quercicus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 291, fig. 72. 

TYPE locality: Charleston, South Carolina and Smithville, 

North Carolina. 
range : North Carolina to Alabama and Florida. 

Bufo terrestris Bonnaterre 
SOUTHERN TOAD 

Bufo terrestris Bonnaterre 

Tabl. Encycl. Meth. Erp., 1789, p. 8. 
Bufo lentiginosu^ lerdiginosu^ Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 289. fig, 71. 

TYPE LOCALITY : ** La Caroline." 

range : The Carolinas to Florida, west to the Mississippi. 

Bufo valliceps Wiegmann 
Bufo valliceps Wiegmann 

Isis, 1833, p. 657. 
Bufo valliceps Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 292, fig. 73. 

TYPE locality: Mexico. 

RANGE : Louisiana, Texas south to Costa Rica. 

Bufo woodhousii Girard 
Bufo woodhousii Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 86. 
Bufo lentiginosus woodhousei Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, 281, fig. 69. 

TYPE LOCALITY : San Francisco Mt., Arizona. 
range: Texas to Kansas, Nebraska and Montana, west to Ne- 
vada, Arizona and southeastern California. 



30 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

HYLIDAE (FAMILY) 

Acris (GENUS) 

Dum:6ril and Bibron, Erp. Gen., Vol. 8, 1841, p. 506 
type: gryllus 
Acris gryllus (Le Conte) 
CRICKET-FROG 
Rana grylltis Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. New York, Vol. 1, Pt. 2, 1825, p. 282. 
Acris gryllus Dum^ril and Bibron 

Erp. Gen., Vol. 8, 1841, p. 507. 
Acris gryllus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 324, fig. 82. 

TYPE locality: Not given. 

range: Florida to New York and Connecticut in the East; 

northward through the Central Valley from Louisiana and 

Texas to the Canadian Northwest Territories. 

Pseudacris (GENUS) 

FiTziNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 31 
type: nigrita 

Pseudacris f eriarum (Baird) 
Helocaetes feriarum Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 60. 
Pseudacris feriarum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1862, p. 157. 
Chorophilus feriarum Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 339, fig. 86. 

TYPE locality: Carlisle, Pennsylvania. 
RANGE : Eastern United States, west to Illinois. 

Pseudacris nigrita (Le Conte) 
Rana nigrita Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. New York, Vol. 1, Pt. 2, 1825, p. 282. 
Pseuda^is nigrita Gijnther 

Cat. Batr. Sal. Brit. Mus., 1858, p. 97. 
Chorophilv^ nigritus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 337, fig. 85. 

TYPE locality: Not given. 
range : South Carolina to Mississippi. 

Pseudacris occidentalis (Baird and Girard) 
Litoria occidentalis Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1853, p. 301. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 31 

Chorophiltis occidentalis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 335, fig. 84. 
TYPE locality: The type was incorrectly stated to have come 

from San Francisco. 
RANGE : Georgia and Florida, west to Arkansas and Texas. 

Pseudacris ocularis (Holbrook) 
Hylodes ocularis Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 3, 1838, p. 79, pi. 14. 
Choropkilus ocularis Cope ^ 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 348. 

TYPE locality: South Carolina and Georgia. 
range: Southeastern United States. 

Pseudacris omata (Holbrook) 
Rana ornata Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 1, 1838, p. 97, pi. 16. 
Chorophilus omatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 333, fig. 83. 

TYPE locality: Between the Cooper and Ashley Rivers, four 

miles from Charleston, South Carolina. 
RANGE : South Carolina to Florida, west to Texas. 

Pseudacris triseriata (Wied) 
Hyla triseriata Wied 

Reise Nord-Amer., Vol. 1, Pt. 4, 1838, p. 249. 
Chorophilus triseriatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 342, fig. 87. 

TYPE locality: Mt. Vernon, Ohio River, Indiana. 
RANGE : Alleghany Mts. to New Mexico, Arizona and Idaho. 

Pseudacris septentrionalis Boulenger 

Chorophilus septentrionalis Boulenger 

Cat. Batr. Sal. Brit. Mus., 1882, p. 335, pi. 23, fig. 1. 

TYPE locality: Great Bear Lake, Canada. 
RANGE : Canadian Northwestern swamp areas. 

Hyla (GENUS) 
Laurenti, Syn. Rept., 1768, p. 32 
type: viridis 
Hyla andersonii Baird 
ANDERSON TREE-FROG 
Hyla andersonii Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 60. 



32 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Hyla andersonii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 365, fig. 91, pi. 83, fig. 1. 
TYPE locality: Anderson, South Carolina. 
BANGE : White cedar swamps in Southern New Jersey, and South 
Carolina. 

Hyla arenicolor Cope 
Hyla arenicolor Cope 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 6, July, 1866, p. 84. 
Hyla arenicolor Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 369, fig. 93. 

TYPE locality: Northern Sonora, Mexico. 

RANGE : Most of the Southwestern United States from Utah to 

southern California, east to Texas and in Mexico south to 

Guadalajara and Toluca. 

Hyla baudinii Dum^iril and Bibron 
Hyla baudinii Dum:6ril and Bibron 

Erp. Gen., Vol. 8, 1841, p. 564. 
Smilisca baudinii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 379. 
TYPE locality: Mexico. 
RANGE : Central America north to southern Texas. 

Hyla cinerea (Schneider) 
Calamita dnereus Schneider 

Hist. Amph., Vol. 1, 1799, p. 174. 
Hyla cinerea Garman 

Bull. Illinois State Lab. Nat. Hist., Vol. 3, 1892, p. 349. 
Hyla carolinensis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 366, fig. 92. 

TYPE locality: " Inhabits Carolina." 

range : Virginia to Florida, west to Texas and northward up the 
Mississippi Valley to Southern Illinois. 

Hyla crucif er Wied 
SPRING-PEEPER 
Hyla crucif er Wied 

Reise Nord-Amer., Vol. 1, Pt. 5, 1838, p. 275. 
Hyla pickeringii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 352, fig. 88. 

TYPE locality: Cantonment Leavenworth, "Kansas." 
range: New Brunswick to Manitoba, south to South Carolina, 
Louisiana, Arkansas and Kansas. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 33 

Hyla evittata Miller 
Hyla evittata Miller 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 13, 1899, p. 75. 
TYPE locality: Four Mile Run, Virginia (near the City of 

W^ashington). 
range: Reed beds and lily pools along the Potomac and York 
Rivers, Virginia, also New Jersey. 

Hyla eximia Baird 
Hyla eximia Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 61. 
Hyla eximia Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 361. 
TYPE locality: City of Mexico. 
RANGE : Mexico and New Mexico. 

Hyla f emoralis Latreille 
Hylafemoralis Latreille 

Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 2, 1802, p. 181. 
Hylafemoralis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 371, fig. 94. 

type locality: Carolina. 

range : Carolinas to Florida and west to Texas. 

Hyla gratiosa Le Conte 
Hyla gratiosa Le Conte 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1856, p. 146, pi. 4. 
Hyla gratiosa Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 377, fig. 96, pi. 83, fig. 5. 

type locality: " Lower country of Georgia," evidently one of 

the Le Conte plantations in Floyd or Liberty Counties. 
range : South Carolina to Florida and Mississippi. 

Hyla regilla Baird and Girard 
PACIFIC TREE TOAD 
Hyla regilla Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 174. 
Hyla regilla Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 355, fig. 89. 

TYPE locality: " Sacramento River, in Oregon and Puget 
Sound." 

range: Vancouver Island and British Columbia to Lower Cali- 
fornia; Nevada. 



34 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Hyla squirella Latreillb 
Hyla squirella Latreille 

Hist. Nat. Kept., Vol. 2, 1802, p. 181. 
Hyla squirella Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 363, fig. 90. 
TYPE LOCALITY : Carolina. 

range: Virginia to Florida, west to Texas, and northward up 
the Mississippi basin to Indiana. 

Hyla versicolor versicolor Le Conte 
THE TREE TOAD, RAIN TOAD 
Hyla versicolor Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. New York, Vol. 1, Pt. 2, 1825, p. 281. 
Hyla versicolor Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 373, fig. 95. 

TYPE locality : " Northern States." 

RANGE : Maine, Southern Canada, west to Minnesota, south to 
the Gulf States (Texas and Arkansas in part only) . 

Hyla versicolor chrysoscelis (Cope) 
Hyla femoralis chrysoscelis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 17, 1880, p. 29. 
Hyla versicolor chrysoscelis Strecker 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 33, 1910, p. 117. 

TYPE locality: Dallas, Texas. 

range : Southern Arkansas to east-central Texas. 



LEPTODACTYLIDAE (FAMILY) 

Eleutherodactylus (GENUS) 

Dum]6ril and Bibron, Erp. Gen., Vol. 8, 1841, p. 620 
type: martinicensis 

Eleutherodactylus latrans (Cope) 
Lithodytes latrans Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 17, 1880, p. 25.^ 
Lithodytes latrans Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 316, fig. 80. 

type locality: Helotes, Bexar Co., Texas. 
range: Texas. 

1 Mocquard (Bull. Soc. Philo., Ser. 9, 1, 1899, p. 169) is inclined to believe that this species is a syn- 
onym of Eleutherodactylus augusti (Brocchi), but as yet there has been no actual comparison of mate- 
rial and it is perhaps better to keep them apart until such comparison can be made. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 35 

Eleutherodactylus ricordii (Dum^ril and Bibron) 

Hylodes ricordii Dum:6ril and Bibbon 

Erp. Gen., 8, 1841, p. 623. 
Eleutherodactylus ricordii Stejneger 

Shattuck's Bahama Islands, 1905, p. 331. 
lAthodytes ricordii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 318. 
TYPE locality: Cuba. ' 

RANGE : Bahama Islands, Cuba and Florida, north to Brevard Co. 
(probably accidentally introduced). 



Syrrhophus (GENUS) 

Cope: Amer. Nat., Vol. 12, 1878, p. 253 
type: marnockii 

Syrrhophus campi Stejneger 

Syrrhophus campi Stejneger 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 28, June 29, 1915, p. 131. 

TYPE locality: Brownsville, Texas. 

RANGE : At present known from the type locality only. 

Syrrhophus marnockii Cope 

Syrrhophus marnockii Cope 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 12, 1878, p. 253. 
Syrrhophus marnochii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 318, fig. 81. 

TYPE locality: near San Antonio, Texas. 
range : Known from type locality only. 



RANIDAE (FAMILY) 

Rana (GENUS) 

LiNN]6, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 210 
type: temporaria 

Rana areolata Baird and Girard 

Rana areolata Baird and Gibabd 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 173. 
Rana areolata Cope 

BuU. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 409, fig. 103. 

type locality: Indianola, Texas. 

RANGE : Georgia, Texas, Missouri, Indiana and Illinois. 



36 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Rana aesopus (Cope) 
GOPHER-FROG 

Rana areolata aesopus Cope 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 23, Dec. 1886, p. 517. 
Rana areolata aesopus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 412. 
TYPE locality: Micanopy, Florida. 
range: Florida. 

Rana aurora Baird and Girard 
Rana aurora Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 174. 
Rana agilis aurora Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 439, fig. 113. 
TYPE LOCALITY : Pugct Sound. 
RANGE : California to Washington, Vancouver Island. 

Rana boylii boylii (Baird) 
Rana boylii Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 62. 
Rana boylii boylii Camp 

Univ. California Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, No. 9, Feb. 3, 1917, p. 117. 
Rana boylii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 444, fig. 115. 
TYPE locality: El Dorado Co., California. 
RANGE : California and southwestern Oregon. 

Rana boylii muscosa Camp 
Rana boylii muscosa Camp 

Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, No. 9, Feb. 3, 1917, p. 118. 
TYPE locality: Arroyo Seco Canon, at about 1300 feet altitude, 

near Pasadena, California. 
range: California: San Gabriel, San Bernadino and San Jacinto 
Mts. 

Rana boylii sierrae Camp 
Rana boylii sierrae Camp 

Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, No. 9, Feb. 3, 1917, p. 120. 
TYPE LOCALITY : Matlock Lake, Sierra Nevada, Inyo Co., Cali- 
fornia, 10,500 feet altitude. 
RANGE : Southern half of Sierra Nevada, above 7,000 feet alti- 
tude, California. 

Rana cantabrigensis cantabrigensis (Baird) 
Rana cantabrigensis Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 62. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 37 

Rana cantabridgensis cantabrigensis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 436, fig. 110. 
TYPE locality: Cambridge, Mass. (in errore). 
KANGE : Illinois and Minnesota northward in Canada to James 
Bay in the east to Great Slave Lake in the west. 

Rana cantabrigensis latiremis Cope 

Rana cantabridgensis latiremis Cope 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 23, 1886, p. 520. 
Rana cantabrigensis latiremis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 435, fig. 111. 

TYPE locality: Lake Alloknagik, Alaska. 

BANGE : Alaska, southeastward to the region of Great Slave Lake. 

Rana catesbeiana Shaw 
BULLFROG 

Rana catesbeiana Shaw 

Gen. Zool., Vol. 3, Pt. 1, 1802, p. 106, pi. 33. 
Rana catesbiana Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 424, fig. 108. 

TYPE locality: Shaw evidently knew of the Bull Frog, princi- 
pally from Catesby, but he only speaks of it as being North 
American and apparently saw no actual specimens himself. 

RANGE : Widespread in North America, east of the Rocky Moun- 
tains. 

Rana clamitans Latreille 
GREEN FROG, SPRING-FROG 

Rana clamitans Latreille 

Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 2, 1802, p. 157. 
Rana clamata Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 419, pi. 107. 

type locality: Charleston, South Carolina. 
RANGE : Eastern North America. Canada to Florida and Louisi- 
ana, west to Michigan, Illinois and Arkansas. 

Rana draytonii Baird and Girard 

Rana draytonii Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 174. 
Rana draytoni Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 441, fig. 114. 

TYPE locality: San Francisco, and the Columbia River. 
RANGE : Oregon, California and Lower California. 



38 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Rana grylio Stejneger 
Rana grylio Stejneger 
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 24, Oct. 4, 1901, p. 212. 

TYPE locality: Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. 
range: Southern Mississippi to peninsular Florida. 

Rana onca Cope 
Rana onca Cope 

in Wheeler's Rep. Expl. W. 100th Mer., Vol. 5, Zool. 1875, p. 528, 

pi. 25, figs. 1-3. 
Rana draytoni onca Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 443. 

TYPE locality: Utah. 
RANGE : Utah and Nevada. 

Rana palustris Le Conte 
PICKEREL-FROG 

Rana palustris Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. New York, Vol. 1, Ft. 2, 1825, p. 282. 
Rana palustris Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 406, fig. 102. 

TYPE locality: Not given. 

RANGE : Hudson Bay south to Arkansas and Louisiana and all of 
the Eastern States. 

Rana pipiens Schreber 
LEOPARD-FROG 

Rana pipiens Schreber 

Naturforscher, Vol. 18, 1782, p. 185, pi. 4. 
Rana virescens Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 397. 

TYPE locality: Pennsylvania. 

range: North America, east of the Sierras southward into 
Mexico. 

Rana pretiosa pretiosa (Baird and Girard) 

Rana pretiosa Baird and Girard 

Froc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Fhila., Vol. 6, 1853, p. 378. 
Rana temporaria pretiosa Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 432, fig. 110. 

TYPE locality: Puget Sound, Washington. 
RANGE : Utah and Montana west to the Pacific Coast, California 
to British Columbia. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 39 

Rana pretiosa luteiventris Thompson 
Rana pretiosa luteiventris Thompson 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 26, March 22, 1913, p. 53. 
TYPE locality: Anne Creek, Elko Co., Nevada. 
RANGE : Eureka and Elko Cos., Nevada. 

Rana septentrionalis Baird 
MINK-FROG 

Rana septentrionalis Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 61. 
Rana septentrionalis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 416, fig. 106, pi. 86. 
TYPE locality: Northern Minnesota. 

range : Northern New England and northern New York, west 
through Michigan to Minnesota, Canada northward to Hudson 
Bay. 

Rana sphenocephala (Cope) 
SOUTHERN LEOPARD-FROG 

Rana halecina sphenocephala Cope 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 23, Dec. 1886, p. 517. 
Rana virescens sphenocephala Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 399, fig. 99. 
TYPE locality: Near St. John's River, Florida. 
range: Southeastern States 

Rana sylvatica Le Conte 
WOOD-FROG 

Rana sylvatica Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. New York, Vol. 1, Pt. 2, 1825, p. 282. 
Rana silvatica Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 447, fig. 115. 

TYPE locality: Not stated. 

RANGE : Quebec and Nova Scotia to South Carolina westward to 
the Great Plains. 

Rana virgatipes Cope 

SPHAGNUM-FROG 

Rana virgatipes Cope 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 30, 1891, p. 1017. 

type locality: Near Atlantic City, New Jersey. 
RANGE : New Jersey to North Carolina. 



40 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

BREVICIPITIDAE (FAMILY) 

Gastrophryne (GENUS) 

FiTZiNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 33 

type: rugosa = carolinensis 

Gastrophryne areolata (Strecker) 
Engystoma areolata Strecker 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 22, June 25, 1909, p. 118. 

TYPE locality: Guadalupe River bottom, Victoria, Victoria 

Co., Texas. 
range: Southeastern Texas. 

Gastrophrjme carolinensis (Holbrook) 
Engystoma carolinense Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 1, 1836, p. 83, pi. 11. 
Engystoma carolinense Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 385, fig. 97. 

TYPE locality: Charleston, South Carolina. 
RANGE : Virginia to Florida, Gulf States to Texas, northward 
through Central Valley to southern Indiana. 

Gastropluyne texensis (Girard) 
Engystoma texense Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1859, p. 169. 
Engystoma carolinense (part). Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 385. 

TYPE locality: Rio Seco, Texas. 
range: Texas. 

Hypopachus (GENUS) 

Keferstein, Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen, July 24, 1867, p. 351 

type: seebachii = variolosus 

Hypopachus cuneus Cope 

Hypopachus cuneus Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 11, July 5, 1889, p. 395. 
Hypopachus cuneus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 34, 1889, p. 388, fig. 98. 

TYPE locality: San Diego, Duval Co., Texas. 
range : Southern Texas. 



REPTILIA (CLASS) 

Laurenti, Syn. Rept., 1768, p. 19 

DIAPSIDA (SUBCLASS) 

OsBORN, Science (N. S.), Vol. 17, Feb. 13, 1903, p. 276 

LORICATA (ORDER) 

Merrem, Syst. Amph., 1820, p. 34 

CROCODYLIDAE (FAMILY) 

Crocodylus (GENUS) 

Laurenti, Syn. Rept., 1768, p. 53 

type: niloticus = Lacerta crocodilus Linne in part 

Crocodylus acutus Cuvier 
CROCODILE 

Crocodilus acutus Cuvier 

Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 10, 1807, p. 55, pi. 1, fig. 3, pi. 2, 
fig. 5. 
Crocodilus americanu^ Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 173, fig. 2. 

TYPE locality: San Domingo. 

range: Southern Florida, The Greater Antilles (except Porto 

Rico), both coasts of Central America from Mexico to Equador 

and Columbia. 

Alligator (GENUS) 

Cuvier, Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 10, 1807, p. 25 

T YPE : lucius = Lacerta alligator Blumenbach, 1788, in part = mississipiensis 

Alligator mississipiensis (Daudin) 
ALLIGATOR 

Crocodilus mississipiensis Daudin 
Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 2, 1803, p. 412. 

41 



4^ STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Alligator missisipensis [sic] Gray 

Syn. Rept., 1831, p. 62. 
Aligator mississippiensis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 168, fig. 1. " 

TYPE locality: " Les bords du Mississippi." 

range: Rivers and swamps of the lowlands of the Carolinas, 
Georgia and Florida, west to Louisiana, Mississippi and west- 
ward to the Rio Grande in Texas. 



SQUAMATA (ORDER) 

Oppel, Ordn. Rept. 1811, p. 14 

SAURIA (SUBORDER) 

Macartney, in Ross' Transl. Cuvier's Lect. Comp. 
Anat., 1802, Vol. 1, table 3 

GEKKONIDAE (FAMILY) 

Phyllodactylus (GENUS) 

Gray, Spicileg. Zool., 1830, p. 3 

type: pulcher 

Phyllodactylus tuberculosus Wiegmann 

PhyllodactyliLs tuberculosus Wiegmann 

Nova Acta Ac. Leop.-Carol., Vol. 17, 1835, p. 241, pi. 18, fig. 2-2a. 
Phyllodactylus tuberculosus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 458, fig. 83. 

TYPE locality: " Californien.'* 

range : Western Mexico and Lower California. 

Phyllodactylus unctus (Cope) 

Diplodactylus unctus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1863, p. 102. 
Phyllodactylus (Diplodactylus) unctus Bocourt 

Miss. Sci. Mexique, Rept., Pt. 2, 1873, p. 43. 
Phyllodactylus unctus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 460, fig. 84. 

TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Peninsula of Lower California. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 43 

Spaerodactylus (GENUS) 

Wagler, Syst. Amph., 1830, p. 143 
type: sputator 

Sphaerodactylus notatus Baird 

Sphaeriodactylus notatus Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 254. 
Sphaerodactylus notatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 462, fig. 85. 

TYPE locality: Key West, Florida. 

range: Bahama Islands, Cuba, also southern Florida and the 
Keys (perhaps introduced by commerce). 

EUBLEPHARIDAE (FAMILY) 

Coleonyx (GENUS) 

Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Vol. 16, 1845, p. 162 
type: elegans 

Coleonyx brevis Stejneger 

Coleonyx brevis Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, 1893, p. 163. 
Euhlepharis variegatus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), fig. 86. 

TYPE locality: Helotes, Bexar Co., Texas. 
range: Texas. 

Coleonyx variegatus (Baird) 

Stenodactylu^ variegatus Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 254. 
Coleonyx variegatus Cope 

Prob. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1866, p. 125. 
Euhlepharis variegatus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 466. 

TYPE locality: Rio Grande and Gila Valleys. 
range : Texas to California. 



44 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

IGUANIDAE (FAMILY) 

AnoUs (GENUS) 
Daudin, Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 4, 1803, p. 50 
type: hullaris = carolinensis 
Anolis carolinensis Voigt 
"CHAMELEON." ANOLIS 
Anolius carolinensis Voigt 

Cuvier's Thierreich, Vol. 2, 1832, p. 71. 
Anolis carolinensis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 233, fig. 16. 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 

range: North Carolina to Florida, westward through the Gulf 
region to the Rio Grande. 

Ctenosaura (GENUS) 
WiEGMANN, Isis, 1828, p. 371 
type: cycluroides 
Ctenosaura hemilopha Cope 
Ctenosaura hemilopha Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1863, p. 105. 
Ctenosaura hemilopha Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 238, fig. 17. 
TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Cape region of Lower California. 

Ctenosaura multispinis Cope 

Ctenosaura multispinis Cope 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soe., Vol. 23, 1885, p. 267. 
Ctenosaura multispinis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 240. 

type locality: Dondomuigvillo (sic) = Dondomuiguillo, Oa- 

xaca and Batopilas, Chihuahua. 
RANGE : Mexico northward to Southern Arizona. 

Dipsosaurus (GENUS) 

Hallowell, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 92 

type: dorsalis 

Dipsosaurus dorsalis (Baird and Girard) 
Crotaphytus dorsalis Baird and Girard 
Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 126. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 45 

Dipsosaurus dorsalis Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., vol. 7, 1854, p. 92. 
Dipsosaurus dorsalis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 243, fig. 18. 
TYPE locality: Colorado Desert, California. 
range: From Cape St. Lucas north along Gulf Coast of Lower 
California to the Colorado and Mojave Deserts, east to the 
Colorado River. 

Crotaphytus (GENUS) 

HoLBROOK, N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 2, Vol. 2, 1842, p. 79 
type: collaris 

Crotaphytus collaris collaris (Say) 
COLLARED LIZARD, MOUNTAIN BOOMER 

Agama collaris Say 

Long's Exp. Rocky Mts., Vol. 2, 1823, p. 252. 
Crotaphytus collaris Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp. Ed. 2, Vol. 2, 1842, p. 79, pi. 10. 
Crotaphytus collaris (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 248. 

TYPE locality: Verdigris River near its union with the Arkan- 
sas River, Oklahoma. 

range: Arkansas south to Middle- western and Northwestern 
Texas and west to Eastern New Mexico. 

Crotaphjrtus collaris baile3ri (Stejneger) 
Crotaphytus haileyi Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 3, 1890, p. 103, pi. 12, fig. 1. 
Crotaphytus collaris haileyi Stone 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1903, p. 30. 
Crotaphytus collaris (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 250, fig. 19. 

TYPE locality: Painted Desert, Arizona. 

RANGE : Southwestern Texas, southern and western New Mexico, 

Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Idaho, southwestern California, 

northern Mexico. 

Crotaphytus copeii Yarrow 
Crotaphytus copeii Yarrow 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 5, 1882, p. 441. 
Crotaphytus vdslizenii (part) Cope 

Am. Rep. U. S. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 255. 

TYPE LOCALITY : La Paz, Lower California. 

range : Southern Lower California, Cerros and Tiburon Islands. 



46 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Crotaph3rtus reticulatus Baird 

Crotaphytus reticulatus Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 253. 
Crotaphytus reticulatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 254, fig. 20. 

TYPE locality: Laredo and Ringgold Barracks, Texas. 
range: Extreme southwestern Texas. 

Crotaph3^s silus Stejneger 
Crotaphytus silus Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 3, 1890, p. 105. 
Crotaphytus wislizenii (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 255. 

TYPE locality: Fresno, California. 

RANGE : San Joaquin Valley, California, Washington. 

Crotaphjrtus wislizenii Baird and Girard 
LEOPARD LIZARD 

Crotaphytus wislizenii Baird and Girard 

Stansbury's Expl. Surv. Great Salt Lake, 1852, p. 340, pi. 3. 
Crotaplytus wislizenii (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 255, fig. 21. 

TYPE locality: Near Santa Fe, New Mexico. 
RANGE : Northern Idaho, Nevada and Utah, southward into 
Mexico, Lower and southern California. 

Sauromalus (GENUS) 
DuMi^RiL, Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 8, 1856, p. 535 
type: ater 
Sauromalus ater Dumeril 
CHUCK-WALLA 

Sauromalus ater Dum]6ril 

Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol., 8, 1856, p. 536, pi. 23, fig. 3. 
Sauromalus ater Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 266, fig. 23. 

TYPE locality: Unknown. 

RANGE : Southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, Arizona, south- 
ern and Lower California. 

Sauromalus hispidus Stejneger 
Sauromalus hispidus Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, Oct. 27, 1891, p. 409. 
Sauromalus hispidus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 264, fig. 22. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 47 

TYPE locality: Angel de la Guardia Island, Gulf of California. 
RANGE : Same as type locality. 

Callisaurus (GENUS) 

Blainville, Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 4, 1835, p. 286 
type: draconoides 
Callisaurus crinitus Cope 
Callisaurus crinitus Cope 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 30, Dec. 5, 1896, p. 1049. 

TYPE locality: Ballenas Bay, Lower California. 
RANGE : Ballenas Bay, Lower California. 

Callisaurus draconoides Blainville 
Callisaurus draconoides Blainville 

Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 4, 1835, p. 286, pi. 24, fig. 2. 
Callisaurus draconoides Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 269, fig. 24. 
TYPE locality: California. 
RANGE : Southern Lower California. 

Callisaurus ventralis ventralis (Hallowell) 
GRIDIRON-TAILED LIZARD 

Homalosaurus ventralis Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., VoL 6, 1852, p. 179. 
Callisaurus ventralis Baird 

U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 1, Pt. 2, 1859, Rept., p. 8. 
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 272, fig. 25. 

TYPE locality: New Mexico west of Rio Grande. 
RANGE : Texas to California, north to Nevada, southward into 
Mexico at least to Guaymas. 

Callisaurus ventralis mjoirus Richardson 
Callisaurus ventralis myurus Richardson 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 48, Jan. 19, 1915, p. 408. 
TYPE locality: Pyramid Lake Indian Agency, Nevada. 
RANGE : Region about Pyramid Lake, Nevada. 

Callisaurus notatus (Baird) 
IJma notata Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 253. 
Callisaurus notatus Cope 

Amer. Nat. Vol. 30, 1896, p. 1049. 



48 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Uma notata Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 277, fig. 27. 
TYPE locality: Mojave Desert, California. 
range: Yuma and Mojave Deserts. 

Callisaurus scoparius (Cope) ^ 
Uma scoparia Cope 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 28, 1894, p. 435, figs. 3-4. 
Uma scoparia Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus., 1898, (1900), p. 282, fig. 29. 
TYPE locality: Tucson, Arizona. 
RANGE : Arizona Deserts. 

Holbrookia (GENUS) 

GiRAKD, Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sei., New Haven, Vol. 4, 1851, p. 201 

type: maculata 

Holbrookia maculata maculata (Girard) 
Holbrookia maculata Girard 

Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci., New Haven, Vol. 4, 1851, p. 201. 
Holbrookia maculata maculata Cope 

Ann. Rept. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 293, fig. 33. 

TYPE locality: Opposite Grand Island, Platte River, Colorado. 
RANGE : Northern Texas west to Arizona and northward to Wy- 
oming and Nebraska. 

Holbrookia maculata approximans (Baird) 
Holbrookia approximans Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 253. 
Holbrookia maculata approximans Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 3, 1890, p. 109. 
Holbrookia maculata approximans Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 297. 

type locality: " Lower Rio Grande." 

RANGE : Southern New Mexico and Arizona, south into northern 
Mexico. 

Holbrookia maculata flavilenta Cope 
Holbrookia maculata flavilenta Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1883, p. 10. 
Holbrookia maculata flavilenta Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 298, fig. 34. 

1 In the original description Cope says " I name the specimen from Tucson Uma scopijera " but a 
few lines later calls it Uma scoparia and does so in all later publications. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 49 

TYPE locality: Lake Valley, southern New Mexico. 
RANGE : Southern New Mexico, southern and western Arizona. 

Holbrookia maculata lacerata (Cope) 
Holbrookia lacerata Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 17, 1880, p. 15. 
Holbrookia maculata lacerata Stejneger 
N. Amer. Fauna, No. 3, 1890, p. 109. 
Holbrookia maculata lacerata Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 292, fig. 32. 
TYPE locality: Erath Co.; west of the Upper Brazos, Co- 
manche Co.; on the Guadalupe River in Kendal or Comal Co. 
RANGE : Texas, middle district east of the plains and west of the 
timbered region, from the northern boundary south to the Rio 
Grande. 

Holbrookia propinqua Baird and Girard 
Holbrookia propinqua Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 126. 
Holbrookia propinqua Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 289, fig. 31. 
TYPE locality: Between Indianola and San Antonio, Texas. 
range: Texas. 

Holbrookia texana (Troschel) 
Cophosaurus texanu^ Troschel 

Arch. Naturg. Vol. 1, 1850 (1852), p. 389, pi. 6. 
Holbrookia texana Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 124. 
Holbrookia texana Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 286, fig. 30. 
TYPE locality: The German colony of Neubraunfels, on the 

Guadalupe River in Western Texas, Lat. 28° N. 
RANGE : Texas and eastern New Mexico. 

XStSi (GENUS) 

Baird and Girard, Stansbury's Expl. Surv. Vail. Great Salt Lake, 

1852, p. 345 
type: stansburiana 
Uta aiiriculata Cope 
Uta auriculata Cope 
Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., Vol. 14, 1871, p. 303. 
TYPE locality: Socorro Island, Revilla Gigedo Archipelago, 

Mexico. 
range : The type locality. 



50 

Uta clarionensis Townsend 
Uta clarionensis Townsend 
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 13, Sept. 9, 1890, p. 143. 

TYPE locality: Clarion Island, Revilla Gigedo Archipelago, 

Mexico. 
RANGE : Same as type locality. 

Uta graciosa (Hallowell) 
Urosaurus graciosus Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 92. 
Uta graciosa Baird 

U. S. Mexican Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, Pt. 2, 1859, Kept., p. 7. 
Uta graciosa Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 325, fig. 46. 

TYPE LOCALITY : *' Lowcr California " — with the intention of 

saying southern California. 
BANGE : Southern California. Arizona. Nevada. 

Uta levis Stejneger 
Uta levis Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 3, 1890, p. 108. 
Uta levis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 313, fig. 40. 

TYPE locality: Tierra Amarilla, New Mexico. 
RANGE : New Mexico. 

Uta martinensis Van Denburgh 

Uta martinensis Van Denburgh 
Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. 4, 1905, p. 18, pi. 6. 

TYPE locality: San Martin Island, Lower California. 
RANGE : San Martin Island. 

Uta meamsi Stejneger 
Uta mearnsi Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 17, Nov. 30, 1894, p. 589. 
Uta mearnsii Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 304, fig. 37. 

TYPE locality: Summit of the Coast Range, Mexican Bound- 
ary of California. 
RANGE : Boundary region of southern and Lower California. 

Uta microscutata Van Denburgh 
Uta microscutata Van Denburgh 
Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 4, 1894, p. 298. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 51 

Uta parviscutata Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 324, fig. 45. 
TYPE locality: San Pedro Martir Mountains, Lower Califor- 
nia. 
range: San Pedro Martir Mountains and San Jose Island, 
Lower California. 

Uta nigricauda Cope 
Uta nigricauda Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1864, p. 176. 
Uta nigricauda Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 322, fig. 44. 
TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
range : Southern Lower California. 

Uta omata Baird and Girard 
Uta omata Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 126. 
Uta omata Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 315, fig. 41. 

TYPE locality: Rio San Pedro, Texas, and Sonora. 
range: Utah, Nevada, western Texas west to southern Cali- 
fornia, northern Mexico. 

Uta palmeri Stejneger 
Uta palmeri Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 3, 1890, p. 106. 
Uta palmerii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 313, fig. 39. 

TYPE locality: San Pedro Martir Island, Gulf of California. 
RANGE : San Pedro Martir Island, Gulf of California. 

Uta repens Van Denburgh 
Uta repens Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 5, 1895, p. 102, pi. 7-8, figs. a-e. 
Uta repens Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 303, fig. 36. 
TYPE locality: Comondu, Lower California. 
range: Lower California. 

Uta stansburiana stansburiana (Baird and Girard) 
Uta stansburiana Baird and Girard 
Stansbury's Expl. Surv. Vail. Great Salt Lake, 1852, p. 345, pi. 5, 
figs. 4-6. 
Uta stansburiana Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 306, fig. 38. 



52 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

TYPE locality: Salt Lake Valley. 

range: Parts of Utah, Idaho, Nevada and southern California. 

Uta stansburiana elegans (Yarrow) 
Uta elegans Yarrow 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 5, Sept. 29, 1882, p. 442. 
Uta stansburiana elegans Richardson 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 48, Jan. 19, 1915, p. 413. 

TYPE locality: La Paz, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern and Lower California, Arizona, New Mexico, 
Texas, and parts of northern Mexico (in deserts) . 

Uta stansburiana hesperis Richardson 
Uta stansburiana hesperis Richardson 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 48, Jan. 19, 1915, p. 415. 

TYPE locality: Arroyo Seco Canon, near Pasadena, Los 

Angeles County, California. 
RANGE : Coast region of southern California. 

Uta stellata Van Denburgh 
Uta stellata Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 3, Vol. 4, 1905, p. 21, pi. 8. 

TYPE locality: San Benito Island, Lower California. 
RANGE : The type locality. 

Uta sjrmmetrica Baird 
Uta symmetrica Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 253. 
Uta symmetrica Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 317, fig. 42. 

TYPE locality: Fort Yuma, Arizona. 

RANGE : Southern Arizona, Southeastern California. 

Uta thalassina Cope 
Uta thalassina Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1863, p. 104. 
Uta thalassina Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 301, fig. 35. 

TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern Lower California. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 53 

Sceloporus (GENUS) 

WiEGMANN, Isis, 1828, p. 369 
type: torquatus 

Sceloporus clarkii Baird and Girard 
Sceloporus clarkii Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 127. 
Sceloporus clarkii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 358, fig. 54. 
TYPE locality: Sonora. 
RANGE : New Mexico, Arizona, and Northern Mexico. 

Sceloporus consobrinus consobrinus (Baird and Girard) 
Sceloporus consobrinus Baird and Girard 

Marcy's Expl. Red River, 1853, Rept., p. 237, Zool., pi. 10, figs. 5-12. 
Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 377, fig. 60. 

TYPE locality: Oklahoma, Roger Mills Co., Red River. 
range : The Dakotas, southward to Texas and westward to 
California. 

Sceloporus consobrinus garmani (Boulenger) 
Sceloporus garmani Boulenger 

Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1882, p. 761, pi. 56. 

TYPE locality: Near Pine Ridge, South Dakota. 
range : Region about type locality. 

Sceloporus couchii Baird 
Sceloporus couchii Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 254. 
Sceloporus couchii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 395, fig. 66. 
Lysoptyckus lateralis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 329, fig. 47. 

TYPE locality: Santa Caterina, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 
range : Northern Mexico to southern Texas. 

Sceloporus disparilis Stejneger 
Sceloporus disparilis Stejneger 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 29, Dec. 16, 1916, p. 228. 

TYPE locality: Lomita Ranch, six miles north of Hidalgo, 

Texas. 
range: Extreme southern corner of Texas and northeastern 

Mexico. 



54 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Sceloporus elongatus Stejneger 
Sceloporus elongatus Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 3, 1890, p. 111. 
SceloporiLS undulatus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 368. 
TYPE locality: Moa Ave., Painted Desert, Arizona. 
RANGE : The Painted Desert region. 

Sceloporus graciosus graciosus (Baird and Girard) 
Sceloporus graciosus Baird and Girard 

Stansbury, Expl. Surv. Vail. Great Salt Lake, 1852, p. 346, pi. 5, 
figs. 1-3. 
Sceloporus graciosus graciosus Camp 

Univ. California Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, Dec. 28, 1916, p. 67. 
Sceloporus graciosus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 386, fig. 63. 
TYPE locality: Valley of Great Salt Lake. 
RANGE : Oklahoma to California and Utah, Nevada and Oregon. 

. Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus (Cope) 
Sceloporus vandenburgianus Cope 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 30, 1896, p. 834. 
Sceloporus graciosus vandenburgianus Grinnell and Camp 

Univ. California Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, July 11, 1917, p. 159. 
Sceloporus vandenburgianus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 390, fig. 64. 
TYPE locality: Summit of the Coast Range, San Diego Co. 

California. 
RANGE : Mountain ranges south of Ventura Co. California. 

Sceloporus jarrovii Cope 
Sceloporus jarrovii Cope 

Wheeler's Rep. Surv. W. 100th Merid., Vol. 5, 1875, p. 569, pi. 23. 
fig. 2-2e. 

Sceloporus jarrovii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 345, fig. 49. 
TYPE locality: Southern Arizona. 
RANGE : Arizona. 

Sceloporus licki Van Denburgh 
Sceloporus licki Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 5, 1895, p. 110, pi. 10. 
Sceloporus lickii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 363. 
type locality: Sierra San Lazaro, Lower California. 
range : Same as type locality. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 55 

Sceloporus magister Hallowell 

Sceloporus magister Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1854, p. 93. 
Sceloporus clarkii (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 358. 
TYPE locality: Yuma, Arizona. 

RANGE : Southeastern California, western Arizona, southern Ne- 
vada, southwestern Utah. 

Sceloporus merriami Stejneger 

Sceloporus merriami Stejneger 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 17, Feb. 5, 1904, p. 17. 
TYPE locality: East Painted Cave near mouth of Pecos River, 

Rio Grande Valley, Texas. 
range: Rio Grande Canon, Western Texas. 

Sceloporus occidentalis occidentalis (Baird and Girard) 

Sceloporus occidentalis Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 175. 
Sceloporus occidentalis occidentalis Camp 

Univ. California Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, Dec. 28, 1916, p. 65. 

TYPE locality: Benicia, California. 
range : Northern and north central California. 

Sceloporus occidentalis becki (Van Denburgh) 

Sceloporus becki Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 3, Zool., 4, June 15, 1905, p. 9, pi. 4. 
Sceloporus occidentalis becki Grinnell and Camp 

Univ. of Calif. Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, July 11, 1917, p. 162. 

TYPE locality: San Miguel Island, Santa Barbara Co., Cali- 
fornia. 
RANGE : Islands off coast of Santa Barbara County, California. 

Sceloporus occidentalis bi-seriatus (Hallowell) 

Sceloporus bi-seriatus Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 93. 
Sceloporus occidentalis bi-seriatus Camp 

Univ. California Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, Dec. 28, 1916, p. 65. 
Sceloporus biseriatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 381, fig. 61. 

TYPE locality: El Paso Creek, Tejon Valley, Texas. 
range: Texas westward to California, also Utah, Idaho and 
Nevada. 



56 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Sceloporus occidentalis taylori Camp 
Sceloforus occidentalis taylori Camp 

Univ. California Publ. Zool., Vol. 17, Dec. 28, 1916, p. 65. 
TYPE locality: Halfway between Merced Lake and Sunrise 
Trail (Ecko Creek Basin), altitude 7500 feet, Yosemite Na- 
tional Park, California. 
RANGE : Yosemite National Park, above 7000 feet altitude. 

Sceloporus orcutti Stejneger 
Sceloporus orcutti Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, p. 181, pi. 1, figs. 4a-c. 
Sceloporus orcuttii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 354, fig. 52. 
TYPE locality: Milquatay Valley, San Diego County, Cali- 
fornia. 
RANGE : Southern California. 

Sceloporus scalaris Weigmann. 

Sceloporus scalaris Wiegmann 

Isis, 1828, p. 370. 
Sceloporus scalaris Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 401, fig. 68. 
type locality: Mexico. 
RANGE : Mexico northward to the U. S. boundary. 

Sceloporus spinosus fioridanus (Baird) 
Sceloporus fioridanus Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 254. 
Sceloporus spinosus fioridanus Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, p. 181. 
Sceloporus spinosus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 364, fig. 55. 
TYPE locality: Pensacola, Florida . 

RANGE : Extreme western Florida to Texas, New Mexico and 
northern Mexico. 

Sceloporus torquatus poinsettii (Baird and Girard) 
Sceloporus poinsettii Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 126. 
Sceloporus torquatus poinsettii Cope 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 22, 1885, p. 402. 
Sceloporus torquatus poinsettii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 350, fig. 51. 

type locality: Rio San Pedro, Texas, and Sonora, Mexico. 
range : Texas to Arizona, northern states of Mexico. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 57 

Sceloporus undulatus (Latreille) 
PINE LIZARD, FENCE LIZARD 

Stellio undulatus Latreille 

Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 2, 1802, p. 40. 
Sceloporus undulatus Wiegmann 

Isis, 1828, p. 369. 
Sceloporus undulatus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 368, fig. 57. 
TYPE locality: "Les grands bois de la Caroline." 
RANGE : Eastern States, New Jersey to Florida. 

Sceloporus variabilis Wiegmann 
Sceloporus variabilis Wiegmann 

Herp. Mexico, 1834, p. 51. 
Sceloporus variabilis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 398, fig. 67. 
TYPE locality: Mexico. 
RANGE : Guatemala and Mexico to southern Texas. 

Sceloporus zosteromus Cope 
Sceloporus zosteromus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1863, p. 105. 
Sceloporus zosteromus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 356, fig. 53. 
TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Lower California. 

Phrynosoma (GENUS) 

Wiegmann, Isis, 1828, p. 367 

type: orbicularis 

THE HORN-TOADS 

Phrynosoma blainvillii Gray 
Phrynosoma blainvillii Gray 

Zool. Beachey's Voyage, 1839, p. 96, pi. 29, fig. 1. 
Phrynosoma blainvillei (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 423, fig. 74. 
TYPE locality: California. 
RANGE : Southern California, northern Lower California. 

Phr3mosoma brevicomis Boulenger 
Phrynosoma brevicornis Boulenger 

Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1916, p. 537, pi. 1. 
TYPE locality: Texas. 
RANGE': Unknown. 



58 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Phrynosoma brevirostre (Girard) 
Tapaya hrevirostris Girard 

U. S. Expl. Exp., Herp., 1858, p. 397. 
Phrynosoma brevirostre Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1866, p. 302. 

TYPE locality: Plains of Kansas and Nebraska. 
range: Wyoming, the Basins of the Yellowstone and Platte 
Rivers. 

Phrynosoma cerroense Stejneger 
Phrynosoma cerroense Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, p. 187. 
Phrynosoma cerroense Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Miis. 1898 (1900), p. 428, fig. 75. 

TYPE locality: Cerros Island, Lower California. 
RANGE : The type locality. 

Phrjmosoma cornutum (Harlan) 

Agama cornuta Harlan 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 4, 1825, p. 299, pi. 20. 
Phrynosoma cornutum Gray 

Griffith's Animal Kingdom, Syn. Rept., 1831, p. 9. 
Phrynosoma cornutum Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 432, fig. 77. 

TYPE locality: Great Plains east of the Rocky Mountains. 
range: From Kansas to the northern states of Mexico, west to 
Colorado and New Mexico. 

Pluynosoma coronatum (Blainville) 

Agama (Phrynosoma) coronata Blainville 

Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 4, 1835, p. 284, pi. 25, fig. 1. 
Phrynosoma coronatum Dum^eril and Bibron 

Erp. Gen., Vol. 4, 1837, p. 318. 
Phrynosoma coronatum Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 430. 

TYPE locality: " California " by inference. 
RANGE : Lower California. 

Phrynosoma ditmarsi Stejneger 
Phrynosoma ditmarsi Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 29, Feb. 2, 1906, p. 565. 

type locality : State of Sonora, Mexico, not far from boundary 

of Arizona. 
RANGE : Northern Mexico and probably southern Arizona. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 59 

Phrynosoma douglassii (Bell) 
Agama douglassii Bell 

Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Vol. 16, 1833, p. 105, pi. 10. 
Phrynosoma douglasii Wiegmann 

Herp. Mexico, 1834, p. 54. 
Phrynosoma douglasii douglassii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 411, fig. 69. 

TYPE locality: *'In ora occidentali Americae Borealis ad 

ripas fluminis Columbiae." 
RANGE : Oregon and Washington. 

Phiynosoma frontale Van Denburgh 
Phrynosoma frontalis Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 4, 1894, p. 296. 
Phrynosoma blainvillei (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 423. 

TYPE locality: Bear Valley, San Benito Co., California. 
RANGE : El Dorado to Kern Counties, California. 

Pluynosoma hemandesi (Girard) 
Tapaya hemandesi Girard 

U. S. Expl. Exp., Herp., 1858, p. 395. 
Phrynosoma hemandesi Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 3, 1890, p. 112. 
Phrynosoma douglassii hemandesi Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 413, fig. 70. 

TYPE locality: New Mexico. 

RANGE : The plateau region of Colorado, Utah, New Mexico and 
Arizona. 

PhrjmGsoma m'callii (Hallowell) 

Anota m'callii Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 182. 
Phrynosoma maccallii Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1866, p. 310. 
Phrynosoma maccallii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 448, fig. 82. 

TYPE locality: Colorado Desert between Vallecita [sic] and 

Camp Yuma, 160 miles east of San Diego, California. 
RANGE : Southeastern California and southwestern Arizona. 

Phrynosoma modestum Girard 
Phrynosoma modestum Girard 

Stansbury's Expl. Surv. Vail. Great Salt Lake, 1852, pp. 361, 365, 
pi. 6, figs. 4-8. 



60 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Anota modesta Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 437, fig. 78. 

TYPE locality: The Rio Grande, west of San Antonio, Texas, 

and from between San Antonio and El Paso. 
RANGE : Texas to Arizona and northern Mexico. 

Phrynosoma ornatissimum (Girard) 
Tapaya ornatissima Girard 

U. S. Expl. Exp., Herp., 1858, p. 396. 
Phrynosoma ornatissimum Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 3, 1890, p. 115, pi. 12, figs. 3, a-c. 
Phrynosoma douglassii ornatissimum Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 415, fig. 71. 

TYPE locality: Mountainous region of New Mexico. 
RANGE : Deserts of Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado. 

Phrynosoma platyrhinos Girard 
Phrynosoma platyrhinos Girard 

Stansbury's Expl. Surv. Vail. Great Salt Lake, 1852, pp. 361, 363, 
pi. 7, figs. 1-5. 
Anota platyrhina Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 443, fig. 81. 

TYPE locality: Great Salt Lake Valley, Utah. 
RANGE : Washington southward to California, Utah, Idaho and 
Nevada. 

Phrynosoma solare Gray 
Phrynosoma Solaris Gray 

Cat. Liz. Brit. Mus., 1845, p. 229. 
Phrynosoma solare Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 420, fig. 73. 

TYPE locality: "California." 

range: Northern Lower California and extreme southern Ari- 
zona. 

ANGUIDAE (FAMILY) 

Ophisaurus (GENUS) 

Daudin, Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Vol. 3, No. 72, March, 1803, p. 188 

type: ventralis 

Ophisaurus ventralis (Linn]6) 
GLASS-SNAKE, JOINT-SNAKE 
Anguis ventralis Linn6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, 1766, p. 391. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 61 

Ophisaurus ventralis Daudin 

Hist. Nat. Kept. Vol. 7, 1803, p. 352, pi. 88. 
Ophisaurus ventralis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 494, fig. 88. 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : Southern United States, in the east distributed north- 
ward to the Carolinas and Tennessee, in the central valley to 
Wisconsin, westward to New Mexico and southward to the 
state of Vera Cruz, Mexico. 

Gerrhonotus (GENUS) 

WiEGMANN, Isis, 1828, p. 379 

type: tessellatus = liocephalus 

Gerrhonotus coeruleus Wiegmann ^ 
Gerrhonotus coeruleus Wiegmann 

Isis, 1828, p. 380. 
Gerrhonotus hurnettii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 526, fig. 94. 
TYPE locality: "Brasilia" {in err ore; probably San Francisco, 

Cal.). 
RANGE : Coast region of southern California. 

Gerrhonotus infemalis (Baird) 
Gerrhonotus infemalis Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 255. 
Gerrhonotus liocephalus infemalis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 517, fig. 91. 

TYPE locality: Devil's River, Texas. 
RANGE : Southern Texas and northern Mexico. 

Gerrhonotus multi-carinatus (Blainville) 
Cordylus (Gerrhonotus) multi-carinatus Blainville 

Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 4, 1835, p. 289, pi. 25, fig. 2. 
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus Dum^iril and Bibron 

Erp. Gen., Vol. 5, 1839, p. 404. 
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 520. 

type locality: "California." 
RANGE : Lower California and Mexico. 

Gerrhonotus nobilis (Baird and Girard) 
Elgaria nobilis Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 129. 

1 Type examined by L. Stejneger in Berlin. 



62 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Gerrhonotus nohilis Baird 

U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, 1859, Rept. p. 11, pi. 25, figs. 1-8. 
Gerrhonotus nohilis Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 519, fig. 92. 
TYPE locality: Fort Webster, copper mines of the Gila (Santa 

Rita del Cobre) New Mexico. 
RANGE : New Mexico, Arizona and northern Mexico. 

Gerrhonotus palmeri (Stejneger) 

Gerrhonotus scinciauda palmeri Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, p. 196. 
Gerrhonotus palmeri Van Denburgh 

Occ. Papers California Ac. Sci., No. 5, 1897, p. 113. 
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus palmerii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 5^5. 

TYPE locality: South Fork King's River, California. 
RANGE : Sierra Nevada slopes, in central California. 

Gerrhonotus principis (Baird and Girard) 
Elgaria principis Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 175. 
Gerrhonotus principis Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, p. 197. 
Gerrhonotus principis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 529, fig. 95. 

TYPE locality: Oregon and Puget Sound. 
range: Western Washington and Oregon, northwestern Cali- 
fornia and Vancouver Island. 

Gerrhonotus scincicauda (Skilton) 
Tropidolepis scincicauda Skilton 

Amer. Journ. Sci. Arts, Ser. 2, Vol. 7, 1849, p. 202, pi. at p. 312, 

figs. 1-3. 
Gerrhonotus multicarinatus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 520, fig. 93. 

TYPE locality: " Dalles of the Columbia." 

RANGE : Oregon and California west of the Sierra Nevada. 

BaiissisL (GENUS) 
Gray, Cat. Liz. Brit. Mus., 1845, p. 54 
type: imbricata 
Barissia levicollis Stejneger 
Barissia levicollis Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 13, Sept. 9, 1890, p. 184. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 63 

Barissia levicollis Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 535, fig. 96. 
TYPE locality: " Mexican Boundary.'* 
RANGE : Unknown. 



ANNIELLIDAE {FAMILY) 

Anniella (GENUS) 
Gray, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 2, Vol. 10, 1852, p. 440 
type: pulchra 
Anniella nigra (Fischer) 
Amelia nigra Fischer 

Abh. Naturw. Ver. Hamburg, Vol. 9, Pt. 1, 1886, p. 9. 
Anniella pulchra var. A. nigra Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 675. 
TYPE locality: San Diego, California, probably in error e, 
BANGE : Country about Pacific Grove, California. 

Anniella pulchra Gray 
Anniella pulchra Gray 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 2, Vol. 10, 1852, p. 440. 
Anniella pulchra Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 674, fig. 138. 
TYPE locality: California. 
RANGE : Coastal region of southern California. 



HELODERMATIDAE {FAMILY) 

Heloderma (GENUS) 

WiEGMANN, Isis, 1829, p. 624 

type: horridum 

Heloderma suspectum Cope 
GILA MONSTER 

Heloderma suspectum Cope 

Proe. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1869, p. 5. 
Heloderma suspectum Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 476, fig. 87. 

TYPE locality : Sierra de la Union, Arizona, (" Sonora "). 
range: Extreme southern Utah and Nevada, Arizona and So- 
nora. 



64 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 



XANTUSIIDAE (FAMILY) 

Xantusia (GENUS) 

Baird, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 255 

type: vigilis 

Xantusia gilberti Van Denburgh 
Xantusia gilberti Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 5, 1895, p. 121, pi. 11. 
Amoebopsis gilbertii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 555, fig. 101. 

TYPE locality: San Francisquito, Sierra Laguna, Lower Cali- 
fornia. 
range : Limits of range unknown. 

Xantusia henshawi Stejneger 
Xantusia henshawi Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 16, July 21, 1893, p. 467. 
Zablepsis hen^havii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 553, fig. 100. 

TYPE locality: Witch Creek, San Diego Co., California. 
range : Known from a few localities in southern California. 

Xantusia riversiana Cope 

Xantusia riversiana Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1883, p. 29. 
XantuMa riversiana Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus., 1898 (1900), p. 550, fig. 99. 

TYPE locality: California, according to Cope, but later stated 
by Prof. Rivers to have been San Nicholas Island, off the Cali- 
fornia Coast. 

RANGE : San Nicholas, Santa Barbara and San Clemente Islands, 
Coast of California. 

Xantusia vigilis Baird 
Xantusia vigilis Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 255. 
Xantusia vigilis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 545, fig. 97. 

TYPE locality: Fort Tejon, California. 

range: The tree-yucca zone of southern Nevada and south- 
eastern California. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 65 

TEIIDAE (FAMILY) 

Verticaria (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 11, 1869, p. 158 
type: hyperytkra 

Verticaria hyperythra hyper3rthra (Cope) 
Verticaria hyperythra Cope 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 11, 1869, p. 158. 
Verticaria hyperythra (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 563. 

TYPE locality: Cape San Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern end of Lower California. 

Verticaria hyper3rthra beldingi (St5ejnegerj 
Verticaria beldingi Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 17, May 4, 1894, p. 17. 
Verticaria hyperythra beldingi Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 5, 1895, p. 131. 
Verticaria hyperythra (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 563, fig. 102. 

TYPE locality: Cerros Island, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern California to middle Lower California, Cerros 
Island. 

Verticaria sericea Van Denburgh 
Verticaria sericea Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 5, 1895, p. 132, pi. 12. 
Verticaria sericea Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 564, fig. 103. 

TYPE locality: San Jose Island, Lower California. 
range: San Jose Island, Lower California. 

Cnemidophorus((?E7V US) 

Wagler, Syst. Amph., 1830, p. 154 
type: murinus 

THE SWIFTS OR WHIP-TAILS 

Cnemidophorus arizonae Van Denburgh 
Cnemidophorus arizonae Van Denburgh 
Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 6, p. 344. 
type locality: Fairbank, Cochise Co., Arizona. 
range: Southern Arizona. 



66 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Cnemidophorus grahamii Baird and Girard 
Cnemidophorus grahamii Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 128. 
Cnemidophorus grahamii grahamii Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 598, fig. 117. 
TYPE locality: Between San Antonio and El Paso, Texas. 
range: Texas. 

Cnemidophorus labialis Stejneger 
Cnemidophorus labialis Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 12, June, 1890, p. 643. 
Cnemidophorus labialis Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 610, fig. 122. 
TYPE locality: Cerros Island, Lower California. 
range : Cerros Island, Lower California. 

Cnemidophorus martyris Stejneger 
Cnemidophorus martyris Stejneger 
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, Aug. 31, 1891, p. 407. 
type locality: San Pedro Martir Island, Gulf of California. 
RANGE : Type locality. 

Cnemidophorus maximus Cope 

Cnemidophorus maximus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1863, p. 104. 
Cnemidophorus maximus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 570, fig. 104. 
TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern Lower California. 

Cnemidophorus melanostethus Cope 
Cnemidophorus melanostethus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1863, p. 104. 
Cnemidophorus tessellatus melanostethus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 581, fig. 109. 
TYPE locality: " Region of the Colorado of California" Colo- 
rado Desert, Arizona. 
RANGE : Deserts of southern Arizona. 

Cnemidophorus multiscutatus (Cope) 
Cnemidophorus tessellatus multiscutatus Cope 

Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 7, 1892, p. 38. 
Cnemidophorus multiscutatus Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 4, Vol. 4, 1914, p. 144. 
Cnemidophorus tessellatus multiscutatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 586, fig. 111. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 67 

TYPE locality: Cerros Island, Lower California. 
RANGE : Cerros Island, Lower California. 

Cnemidophorus perplexus Baird and Girard 
Cnemidophorus perplexus Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila. Vol. 6, 1852, p. 128. 
Cnemidophorus tessellatu^ perplexus (part) Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 573, fig. 106. 
TYPE locality: Valley of the Rio San Pedro, tributary of the 

Rio Grande del Norte, Texas. 
RANGE : Texas and New Mexico. 

Cnemidophorus rubidus (Cope) 
Cnemidophorus tessellatus rubidus Cope 

Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc, Ser. 2, Vol. 17, 1892, p. 36, pi. 12, fig. f. 
Cnemidophorus rubidus Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 4, Vol. 4, 1914, p. 145. 
Cnemidophorus tessellatus rubidus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 584, fig. 110. 

TYPE locality: Sta. Margarita Island, Lower California. 
RANGE : Sta. Margarita Island, Lower California. 

Cnemidophorus sexlineatus (Linn^) 
Lacerta sexlineata Linn:^ 

Syst. Nat. Ed. 12, 1766, p. 364. 
Cnemidophorus sexlineatus Dum^iril and Bibron 

Erp. Gen., Vol. 5, 1839, p. 131. 
Cnemidophorus sexlineatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 593, fig. 116. 

TYPE locality: In Carolina. 

RANGE : Maryland to Florida, west to northern Mexico and Ari- 
zona and up the Mississippi Valley as far north as Lake 
Michigan. 

Cnemidophorus gularis Baird and Girard 
Cnemidophorus gularis Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 128. 
Cnemidophorus gularis gularis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 602, fig. 118. 

TYPE locality: Indianola and San Pedro River, Texas. 
RANGE : Arkansas and Oklahoma through Texas west to Arizona 
also the northern states of Mexico. 

Cnemidophorus tessellatus tessellatus (Say) 
Ameiva tesselata Say 

Long's Exp. Rocky Mts., Vol. 2, 1823, p. 50. 



68 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Cnemidophorus tessellatus Baird 

Pacific R.R. Surv., Vol. 10, Pt. 4, 1859, p. 18. 
Cnemidophorus tessellatus tessellatus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 575, fig. 107. 

TYPE locality: Arkansas River, near Castle Rock Creek, 

Colorado. 
KANGE : Texas to California, also Utah, Colorado and Nevada. 

Cnemidophorus tessellatus mundus (Camp) 
Cnemidophorus tigris mundus Camp 
Univ. CaUfornia Publ. ZooL, Vol. 17, Dec. 28, 1916, p. 71. 

TYPE locality: "Near Fort Yuma, in San Joaquim Valley" 

= Fort Miller, Fresno County, California. 
RANGE : Central California. 

Cnemidophorus tessellatus stejnegeri (Van Denburgh) 
Cnemidophorus stejnegeri Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 4, 1894, p. 300. 
Cnemidophorus grahamii stejnegerii Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 599. 

type locality: Near Ensenada, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern California and northern Lower California. 



SCINCIDAE 

Leiolopisma (GENUS) 
DuM^BiL and Bibron, Erp. Gen., Vol. 5, 1839, p. 742 
type: telfairii 
Leiolopisma laterale (Say) 
Scincus lateralis Say 

Long's Exp. Rocky Mts., Vol. 2, 1823, p. 324. 
Leiolopisma laterale Jordan 

Man. Vertebr. North. U. S., Ed. 8, 1899, p. 201. 
lAolepisma laterale Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 622, fig. 123. 

type locality: Banks of Mississippi River below Cape Girar- 
deau, Missouri. 
range : Maryland to Florida, west to Illinois and Texas.* 

1 What is apparently the same species occurs also in China and Formosa. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 69 

Plestiodon (jSENUS) 

DuM^RiL and Bibron, Erp. Gen., Vol. 5, 1839, p. 697 

type: quinquelineatus 

Plestiodon anthracinus Baird 
Plestiodon anthracinus Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2, Vol. 1, 1849, p. 294. 
Eumeces anthracinus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 661, fig. 135. 

TYPE locality: North Mountain near Carlisle, Pennsylvania. 
RANGE : Western Pennsylvania to Missouri, Arkansas and Texas. 

Plestiodon brevilineatus (Cope) 
Eumeces brevilineatus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 17, 1880, p. 18. 
Eumeces brevilineatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 664, fig. 137. 

TYPE locality: Helotes, Bexar Co., Texas. 
RANGE : Texas. 

Plestiodon egregius Baird 

Plestiodon egregius Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 256. 

Eumeces egregius Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 655, fig. 132. 

TYPE locality: Indian Key, Florida. 
RANGE : Western Florida and the Florida Keys. 

Plestiodon fasciatus (Linn6) 
BLUE-TAILED SKINK, SCORPION 
Lacerta fasciata Linn]6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 209. 
Plestiodon fasciatus Baird 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Ser. 2„ Vol. 1, 1849, p. 294. 
Eumeces quinquelineatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 632, fig. 125. 

type locality: Carolina. 

range: Southern New England to Florida, up the Mississippi 
Valley to Canada and westward to Arizona. 

Plestiodon guttulatus i (Hallowell) 
Lamprosaurus guttulatus Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 206. 

» Possibly the young of P. obsdetut. 



70 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Plestiodon guttulatus Hallo well 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1857, p. 215. 
Eumeces guttulatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 645, fig. 127. 

TYPE locality: Fort Filmore below Jornada del Muerte, New 

Mexico. 
RANGE : Western Texas and Oklahoma to Arizona. 

Plestiodon longirostris Cope 
Plestiodon longirostris Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 313. 
Eumeces longirostris Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 631, fig. 124. 

TYPE locality: Bermuda. 
RANGE : Bermuda. 

Plestiodon multivirgatus Hallowell 
Plestiodon multivigatus Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1857, p. 215. 
Eumeces epipleurotu^ Cope 

Ann. Eep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 650, fig. 129. 
Eumeces leptogrammus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 651, fig. 130. 
Eumeces multivirgatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 653, fig. 131. 

TYPE locality: Posa Creek, 460 miles west of Fort Riley, 

Kansas. 
RANGE : Nebraska to Northern Texas. 

Plestiodon obsoletus Baird and Girard 
Plestiodon obsoletum Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 129. 
Eumeces obsoletus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 646, fig. 128. 

TYPE locality: Valley of the Rio San Pedro, tributary of the 

Rio Grande del Norte, Texas. 
RANGE : Utah and Kansas southward to northern Mexico. 

Plestiodon pachyurus (Cope) 
Eumeces pachyurus Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 17, 1880, p. 19. 
Eumeces pachyurus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 659. 

TYPE locality : Near Dallas, Texas. 
range: Texas. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 71 

Plestiodon pluvialis (Cope) 
Eumeces pluvialis Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 17, 1880, p. 19. 
Eumeces pluvialis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 663, fig. 136. 
TYPE locality: Mobile, Alabama. 
RANGE : Central Gulf area. 

Plestiodon septentrionalis Baird 

Plestiodon septentrionalis Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. ^56. 
Eumeces septentrionalis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 656, fig. 133. 
TYPE locality: Minnesota and Nebraska. 
RANGE : Minnesota, Nebraska and Kansas. 

Plestiodon skiltonianus Baird and Girard 
Plestiodon skiltonianum Baird and Girard 

Stansbury's Expl. Surv. Vail. Great Salt Lake, 1852, p. 349, pi. 4, 
figs. 4-6. 
Eumeces skiltonianum Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 640, fig. 126. 
type locality: Oregon. 

RANGE : Western Oregon, and most of California, except the ex- 
treme southeastern desert area. Lower California. 

Plestiodon tetragrammus Baird 
Plestiodon tetragrammus Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 256. 
Eumeces tetragrammus Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 660. 
type locality: Lower Rio Grande. 
RANGE : Southern Texas and northeastern Mexico. 



Neoseps (GENUS) 

Stejneger, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 39, Sept. 23, 1910, p. 33 

type: reynoldsi 

Neoseps rejmoldsi Stejneger 
Neoseps reynoldsi Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 39, Sept. 23, 1910, p. 34. 
TYPE locality: Near Spring Lake, Fruitland Park, Lake Co., 

Florida. 
range: Central Florida. 



72 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

BIPEDIDAE (FAMILY) 

Bipes (GENUS) 
Latreille, Hist. Nat. Kept., Vol. 2, 1802, p. 90 
type: canaliculatus 
Bipes biporus (Cope) 
Euchirotes biporus Cope 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 28, 1894, p. 436, figs. 5a-e. 
Euchirotes biporus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. 1898 (1900), p. 680, fig. 140. 
TYPE locality: La Paz,^ Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern Lower California. 

LEPOSTERNIDAE (FAMILY) 

^hmemsi (GENUS) 
Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phlla., 1861, p. 75 
type: floridana 
Rhineura floridana (Baird) 
Lepidosternon floridanum Baird 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1858, p. 255. 
Rhineura floridana Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 75. 
Rhineura floridana Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 686, fig. 141. 
TYPE locality: Micanopy, Florida. 
RANGE : Peninsular Florida. 



SERPENTES (SUBORDER) 

LiNNE, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, VoL 1, 1758, p. 214 

LEPTOTYPHLOPIDAE (FAMILY) 

Leptotyphlops (GENUS) 

FiTZiNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 24 

type: nigricans 

Leptotyphlops dulcis (Baird and Girard) 
Rena dulcis Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 142. 

1 Given in error in original description as Cape St. Lucas. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 73 

Leptotyphlops dulcis Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, Oct. 31, 1891, p. 501. 
Glaucoma dulcis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 717, fig. 143. 

TYPE locality: Between San Pedro and Comanche Springs, 

Texas. 
RANGE : Northern Mexico, Texas and New Mexico. 

Siagonodon {GENUS) 

Peters, Sitz. Ber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin, 1881, p. 71 

type: septemstriatus 

Siagonodon humilis (Baird and Girard) 
Rena humilis Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., pt. 1, 1853, p. 143. 
Siagonodon humilis Van Denburgh 

Occ. Pap. California Ac. Sci., Vol. 5, 1897, p. 150. 
Glauconia humilis Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 719, fig. 144. 
TYPE locality: Valliecitas (sic), California. 
range: Deserts of Arizona, southern California, Lower Califor- 
nia and northwestern Mexico. 



BOIDAE {FAMILY) 

Lichanura {GENUS) 
Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 304 
type: trivirgata 
Lichanura roseofusca Cope 
Lichanura roseofusca Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1868, p. 2. 
Lichanura roseofusca Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 724, fig. 146. 
TYPE locality: Northern Lower California. 
range: Southern California, northern Lower California and 
Arizona. 

Lichanura trivirgata Cope 
Lichanura trivirgata Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila.j 1861, p. 304. 
Lichanura trivirgata Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 723, fig. 145. 
TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
range: Lower California. 



74 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Channsi (GENUS) 

Gray, Cat. Snakes Brit. Mus., 1849, p. 113 

type: bottae 

Charina bottae (Blainville) 
RUBBER SNAKE, BALL SNAKE 

Tortrix bottae Blainville 

Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, VoL 4, 1835, p. 289, pL 26, figs. 1-Bl. 
Charina bottae Gray 

Cat. Snakes Brit. Mus., 1849, p. 113. 
Charina botta£ Cope 

Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 728, fig. 148. 

TYPE locality: California. 

range: Humid districts of California, Nevada, Idaho, Oregon 
and Washington. 

COLUBRIDAE (FAMILY) 

Carphophis (GENUS) 

Gervais, D'Orbigny's Diet. Univ. Hist. Nat. 

Vol. 3, 1843, p. 191 

type: amoena 

WORM snakes 

Carphophis amoena (Say) 
Coluber amoenus Say 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 4, pt. 2, 1825, p. 237. 
Carphophis amoena Gervais 

D'Orbigny's Diet. Univ. Hist. Nat., Vol. 3, 1843, p. 191. 
Carphophiops amoenus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 735, fig. 151. 

TYPE locality: Pennsylvania. 

range: Connecticut to Florida, westward in Ohio, Illinois and 
Indiana. 

Carphophis vermis (Kennicott) 
Celuta vermis Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1859, p. 99. 
Carphophiops vermis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 737, fig. 152. 

type locality: Missouri. 

range : Kansas southward to Louisiana. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 75 

Abastor (GENUS) 

Gray, Cat. Snakes Brit. Mus., 1849, p. 78 
type: erythrogrammus 

Abastor erythrogrammus (Daudin) 
RAINBOW SNAKE 

Coluber erythrogrammus Daudin 

Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 7, 1803, p. 93, pi. 83, figs. 2a-b. 
Abastor erythrogrammus Gray 

Cat. Snakes Brit. Mus., 1849, p. 78. 
Abastor erythrogrammus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 738, fig. 153. 

TYPE locality: Etats Unis d'Am^rique. 

range : Virginia southward to Florida and Alabama. 

Faxancigi (GENUS) 

Gray, Zool. Misc., 1842, p. 78 
type: drummondi = abacura 

Farancia abacura (Holbrook) 
HORN-SNAKE, MUD-SNAKE 

Coluber abacuru^ Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 1, 1836, p. 119, pi. 23. 
Farancia abacura Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 123. 
Farancia abacura Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 741, fig. 154. 

type locality: South Carolina. 

range: Virginia to Florida and Louisiana, in the Mississippi 
Valley northward to Indiana. 

Diadophis (GEiVC/^S) 

Baird and Girard, Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 112 

type: punctatu^ 

ring-neck snakes 

Diadophis amabilis Baird and Girard 
Diadophis amabilis Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 113. 
Diadophis amabilis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 746, figs. 157, 160. 

TYPE locality: San Jose, California. 
range : Oregon to Lower California. 



76 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Diadophis amyi Kennicott 
Diadophis amyi Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1859, p. 99. 
Diadophis regalis amyi Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 745, fig. 156. 
TYPE locality: Hyatt, Anderson County, Kansas. 
RANGE : Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, 
Oklahoma, and Texas. 

Diadophis pimctatus (Linn^) 
Coluber punctatus Linn6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 376. 
Diadophis punctatus Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 112. 
Diadophis punctatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 751, fig. 162. 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : In the east from southeastern Canada to Florida, in the 
west reaching Michigan also found in Illinois, Ohio and Ten- 
nessee. 

Diadophis regalis Baird and Girard 
Diadophis regalis Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 115. 
Diadophis regalis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 744, fig. 155. 
TYPE locality: Sonora, Mexico. 

RANGE : Texas, New Mexico and Arizona to state of Vera Cruz, 
Mexico. 

Heterodon (GENUS) 

Latreille, Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 4, 1802, p. 32 

type: platirhinos = contortrix 

HOG-NOSE SNAKES 

Heterodon browni Stejneger 
Heterodon browni Stejneger 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 16, 1903, p. 123. 
TYPE locality: Lemon City, Florida. 
range: Extreme southern Florida. 

Heterodon contortrix (Linn^;) ^ 
PUFFING ADDER, SPREADING ADDER 
Boa contortrix Linn^ 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 373. 

1 This snake for years lias been called H. platyrhinus or platirhinos but this name is clearly » syn- 
onym. Linn6 in the tenth edition of the Systema Naturae (p. 216) described Coluber constrictor. This 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 77 

Heterodon platyrhinus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 761, fig. 165. 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 
RANGE : Eastern States, Massachusetts to Florida westward to 

Texas and northward through the states of the Great Basin 

to Minnesota. 

Heterodon nasicus Baird and Girard 
Heterodon nasicus Baird and Girard 

Stansbury's Expl. Surv. Vail. Great Salt Lake, 1852, p. 352. 
Heterodon nasicus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 772, fig. 168. 
TYPE locality: Texas. 

RANGE : Southwestern Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska west to Mon- 
tana and south to Northern Mexico. Common along the 
Mexican border from Texas to Arizona. 

Heterodon simus (Linn6) 
Coluber simus Linne 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 375. 
Heterodon simus Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 2, Vol. 4, 1842, p. 57, pi. 15. 
Heterodon simus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 770, fig. 167. 

TYPE locality: Carolina. 

range : Southeastern states, Indiana to Florida. 

Liopeltis (GEiVC7S) 

FiTziNGER, Syst. Kept., 1843, p. 26 
type: tricolor 
Liopeltis vemalis (Harlan) 
SMOOTH GREENSNAKE 
Coluber vernalis Harlan 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 5, 1827, p. 361. 

was a composite species, part of the wording which Linne intended to use in characterizing the black- 
snake and the hog-nose snake having been combined under constrictor. Thus the scale counts 180- 
40 refer to the hog-nose, the first words " Habitat in Canada. Kalm," refer to the black. Then we 
read " Maxillae apex simus triqueter," obviously the hog-nose again. Lastly comes an abbreviated 
extract of Kalm's account of the black snakes' habits " Adoiitur homines circum pedes sese convolvens, 
sed innocuus." Consequently, Coluber constrictor of 1758 being a composite species, Linn6, in 1766, 
exercised his prerogative as first reviser to correct this error. So that in the twelfth edition (p. 385) 
we find the black snake correctly diagnosed, using much of the same wording as was used in 1758, 
with the name constrictor applied; while on p. 873 we find the hog-nose renamed — contortrix — and 
assigned to the genus Boa. The description fits the hog-nose snake accurately, again part of the early 
diagnosis being repeated and reference is also made to Catesby's plate figuring this species. This, 
renders the name contortrix untenable for the Copperhead. 



78 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Liopeltis vernalis Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 560. 
Liopeltis vernalis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus., 1898 (1900), p. 782, fig. 169. 
TYPE locality: Pennsylvania and New Jersey are mentioned 

as habitat. 
RANGE : Southern Canada through the Eastern and Middle states. 
South to Florida and Texas, New Mexico. 

Opheodrys (GEATC/S) 
FiTZiNGEB, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 26 
type: aestivus 
Opheodrys aestivus (Linn:^) 
ROUGH GREENSNAKE 
Coluber aestivus Linn:e 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 387. 
Opheodrys aestivus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 560. 
Cyclophis aestivus Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 784, fig. 170. 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : New Jersey to Florida, westward to New Mexico, in the 
Mississippi drainage basin found in the southern portion and 
northward to Kansas and Illinois. 

Colnher^ (GENUS) 

LiNN^, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 216 

type: constrictor 

Coluber anthonyi (Stejneger) 
Bascanion anthonyi Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 23, June 5, 1901, p. 715. 

TYPE locality: Clarion Island, Revilla Gigedo group, off west 

coast of Mexico. 
RANGE : Clarion Island, Revilla Gigedo group, off west coast of 

Mexico. 

Coluber aurigulus (Cope) 
Drymobiu^ aurigulus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 301. 

1 As Coluber constrictor lAnnk of 1758 is composite and includes in part the black snake, Fitzinger's 
designation of the type of Coluber as C. constrictor seems to hold, as it is (partly) included in the 
original Coluber. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 79 

Zamenis aurigulus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 810, fig. 179. 
TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern Lower California. 

Coluber constrictor constrictor (Link6) 
BLACKSNAKE 

Coluber constrictor (part) ^ LinniS 

Syst. Nat. Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 216. 
Zamenis constrictor (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 791, fig. 171. 
TYPE LOCALITY I " Habitat in America septentrionale." 
range: The whole of the Eastern United States westward to 
Texas and the Great Plains. 

Coluber constrictor flaviventris ^ (Say) 
WESTERN OR BLUE RACER 
Coluber flaviventris Say 

Long's Exp. Rocky Mts., Vol. 2, 1823, p. 185. 
Coluber constrictor var. flaviventris Gariman 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 147. 
TYPE locality: Stone quarry on west side of Missouri River 

3 miles above the mouth of Boyer's River. 
RANGE : Central, Southwestern and Pacific Coast states. 

Coluber flagellum flagellum (Shaw) 
COACH WHIP 

Coluber flagellum Shaw 

Gen. Zool., Vol. 3, 1802, p. 475. 
Zamenis flagellum flagellum Cope 

Ann. Rep. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 799, fig. 174. 
TYPE locality: Carolina and Virginia. 
RANGE : Virginia to Florida, westward to the Rocky Mountains. 

Coluber flagellum piceus ^ (Cope) 
Bascanium piceum Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, March 28, 1892, p. 625. 
Zamenis flagellum piceus -Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 804, fig. 175. 

1 For remarks upon the use by Linne of the name constrictor see the note under Heterodon cm- 
tortrix. 

* There are many colour phases within this species more or less intermediate between the black 
eastern form and the light coloured western form. Several of these have been given names but as yet 
it is not evident that they really constitute true geographic races and hence they are not recognized 
at present. 

» Bascanion flagellum frenatus Stejneger 1893, not Coluber frenatus of Gravenhorst, 1807. 



80 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

TYPE locality: Camp Grant, Arizona. 
RANGE : Southern Arizona. 

Coluber lateralis (Hallowell) 

Leptophis lateralis Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1853, p. 237. 
Zamenis lateralis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 807, fig. 177. 
TYPE locality: California. 
RANGE : Southern and Lower California. 

Coluber schotti (Baird and Girard) 
Masticophis schotti Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 160. 
Zamenis schotti Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 811, fig. 18a. 
TYPE locality: Eagle Pass, Texas. 
range: Southern Texas and northeastern Mexico. 

Coluber semilineatus (Cope) 
Bascanium semilineatum Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, March 28, 1892, p. 626. 
Zamenis semilineatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 805, fig. 176. 
TYPE locality: Camp Grant and Colorado River, Arizona. 
range : Arizona and the adjacent territory of Mexico. 

Coluber taeniatus taeniatus (Hallowell) 
Leptophis taeniata Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 181. 
Coluber taeniatus Garman 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 46. 
Zamenis taeniatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 815, fig. 182. 
TYPE LOCALITY : Ncw Mcxico wcst of Rio Grande. 
range : Idaho and Utah, southward to all the border states just 
entering Texas and California. 

Coluber taeniatus girardi, nom. nov. 
Masticophis ornatus ^ Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 102. 
Zamenis ornatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 813, fig. 181. 
TYPE locality: " Between Indianola and El Paso," Texas. 
range : Western Texas. 

1 Nee Coluber ornatus Shaw, 1802. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 81 

Salvadora (GENUS) 
Baird and Gibard, Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 104 
type: grahamiae 
Salvadora grahamiae Baird and Girard 
PATCH-NOSE SNAKE 
Salvadora grahamiae Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 104. 
Salvadora grahamiae (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 818. 
TYPE locality: Sonora, Mexico. 

RANGE : Utah southward through all the border states, eastward 
of Arizona and into Mexico as far south as the state of Hidalgo. 

Salvadora hexalepis (Cope) 
Phimothyra hexalejns Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1866, p. 304. 
Salvadora hexalejns Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 25, Sept. 8, 1902, p. 154. 
Salvadora grahamiae (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 818, fig. 183. 
TYPE locality: Fort Whipple, Arizona. 
range: Arizona, California and Lower California. 

Phyllorhynchus (GENUS) 
Stejneger, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 13, Sept. 9, 1890, p. 151 
type: browni 
Phyllorhjoichus browni Stejneger 
Phyllorhynchus browni Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 13, Sept. 9, 1890, p. 152. 
Phyllorhynchus browni Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 821, fig. 184. 
TYPE locality: Tucson, Arizona. 
RANGE : Southern Arizona. 

Phyllorh3mchus decurtatus (Cope) 
Phimothyra decurtata Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1868, p. 310. 
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 13, 1890, p. 154. 
Phyllorhynchus decurtatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 823, fig. 186. 
type locality : " In the upper part of Lower California." 
RANGE : Lower California. 



82 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Elaphe (GENUS) 

FiTZiNGER in Wagler, Descr. Icon. Amphib., Pt. 3, 1833, text to plate 27 
type: parreysii = quatuorlineata 

Elaphe bairdi (Yarrow) 
Coluber bairdi Yarrow 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 17, 1880, p. 41. 
Coluber bairdii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 854, fig. 198. 

TYPE locality: Fort Davis, 50 miles northwest of Presidio, 

Texas. 
RANGE : Known from type locality only. 

Elaphe chlorosoma (GtJNTHER) 
Coluber chlorosoma GtJNTHER 

Biol. Centr. Amer., Rept., 1894, p. 115, pi. 41. 

TYPE locality: Atoyak and Amula in Guerrero and San Ra- 
mon in Jalisco, Mexico. 

range: Guerrero and Jalisco Mexico, northward to the Santa 
Rita Mountains in Arizona. 

Elaphe guttata (Linn^;) 
CORN-SNAKE 

Coluber guttatus Linn:6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 385. 
Elaphis guttatus DuMfiRiL and Bibron 

Erp. Gen., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 273. 
Coluber guttatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 833, figs. 189, 190. 

TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : Maryland to Florida, Louisiana and Mississippi. 

Elaphe laeta (Baird and Girard) 
Scotophis laetus Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 77. 
Coluber la£tus Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, 1892, p. 606. 
Coluber laetus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 850, fig. 196. 
Coluber emoryi Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 852, fig. 197. 

TYPE locality: Red River, Arkansas. 
range : Kansas southward to Central Mexico. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 83 

Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta (Say) 
PILOT BLACKSNAKE 

Coluber ohsoletus Say 

Long's Exp. Rocky Mts., Vol. 1, 1823, p. 140. 
Elapkis ohsoletus Garman 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 54. 
Coluber ohsoletus ohsoletus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 844, fig. 194. 

TYPE locality: Isle au Vache [sic] to Council Bluffs on the 
Missouri River. 

range: Southern New England westward to Michigan, south- 
ward to Texas, Louisiana and Florida. 

Elaphe obsoleta confinis (Baird and Girard) 

Scotophis confinis Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 76. 
Coluber confinis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 829, fig. 187. 
TYPE locality: Anderson, South Carolina. 
range: South Atlantic and Gulf states and states of southern 
Mississippi Valley. 

Elaphe obsoleta lindheimerii (Baird and Girard) 

Scotophis lindheimerii Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 74. 
Elaphis ohsoletus var. lindheimerii Garman 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 54. 
Coluber ohsoletus (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 844. 

TYPE locality: New Braunfels, Texas. 
range: Texas. 

Elaphe quadrivittata (Holbrook) 
CHICKEN-SNAKE 

Coluber quadrivittatus Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 1, 1836, p. 113, pi. 21. 
Elaphis quadrivittatus Dum:6ril and Bibron 

Erp. Gen., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 265. 
Coluber quadrivittatus Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 838, fig. 192. 
TYPE locality: " North Carolina to Florida and westward as 

far as the Mississippi." 
range : Carolina to Florida and west to the Mississippi River. 



84 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Elaphe rosaliae (Mocquard) 
Coluber rosaliae Mocquard 

Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 4, Vol. 1, p. 321, pi. 12, figs. 

1-lB. 

TYPE locality: Sta. Rosalia, Lower California. 
RANGE : Sta. Rosalia, Lower California. 

Elaphe subocularis (Brown) 
Coluber subocularis Brown 
Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1901, p. 492, pi. 29. 
TYPE locality: Davis Mountains, Jeff Davis Co., 50 miles 
south of Pecos, Texas. 
RANGE : Davis Mountains, Texas. 

Elaphe vulpina (Baird and Girard) 
FOX-SNAKE 

Scotophis vulpinu^ Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Kept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 75. 
Elaphe vulpinu^ Ruthven 

Eleventh Ann. Rep. Micliigan Ac. Sci., 1909, p. 110. 
Coluber vulpinus Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 831, fig. 188. 
TYPE locality: Racine, Wisconsin. 
RANGE : Indiana, Iowa, and Illinois, to Michigan and Minnesota. 

Drymobius (GENUS) 

FiTziNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 26 

type: margaritiferus 

Drymobius margaritiferus (Schlegel) 
Herpetodryas margaritiferus Schlegel 

Essai Physion.'Serp., Vol. 2, 1837, p. 184. 
Drymobius margaritiferus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 561. 
TYPE locality: New Orleans (in errore). 
range: Southwestern Texas to Venezuela and Colombia. 

Drymarchon (GENUS) 

FiTziNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 26 

type: corais 

Dr3miarchon corais couperi (Holbrook) 
GOPHER-SNAKE, INDIGO-SNAKE 

Coluber couperi Holbrook 
N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 2, Vol. 3, 1842, p. 75, pi. 16. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 85 

Drymarchon corais cowperi Strecker 

Baylor Bulletin, Vol. 18, No. 4, Aug., 1915, p. 32. 
Compsosoma corais couperii (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 858, figs. 199, 200. 
TYPE locality: Dry pine hills south of Alatamaha, Georgia. 
RANGE : Carolinas to Florida, westward to Texas. 

Drjnnarchon corais melanurus (Dumieril and Bibron) 
Spilotes melanurus Dum:6ril and Bibron 

Erp. Gen., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 224. 
Drymarchon corais melanurus Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 14, 1899, p. 70. 

TYPE locality: Mexico. 

range: Extreme southeastern Texas to northwestern South 
America. 

Arizona (GENUS) 

Kennicott, U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, 1859, Rept. p. 18 
type: elegans 

Arizona elegans Kennicott 
Arizona elegans Kennicott 

U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, 1859, Rept. p. 18, pi. 13. 
Rhinechis elegans Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 863, fig. 201. 

TYPE locality: Rio Grande, Texas, and between Arkansas and 

Cimarron, Oklahoma. 
range: Border states of United States and northern states of 

Mexico. 

Pituophis (G£iVC7S) 

HoLBROOK, N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 2, Vol. 4, 1842, p. 7 
type: melanoleucus 

Pituophis catenifer catenif er (Blainville) 
WESTERN BULL-SNAKE 
Coluber catenifer Blainville 
Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 4, 1835, p. 290, pi. 26, figs. 
2-2b. 
Pituophis catenifer Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Ft. 1, 1853, p. 69. 
Pityophis catenifer Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 876, fig. 208. 

TYPE locality: California. 

range : California to British Columbia. 



86 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Pituophis catenifer deserticola Stejneger 
Pituophis catenifer deserticola Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, p. 206. 
TYPE locality: Great basin and southwestern deserts. 
RANGE : Desert regions of southern Cahfornia, Nevada, and 
perhaps also southern Idaho and eastern Oregon. 

Pituophis melanoleucus (Daudin) 
PINE SNAKE 

Coluber melanoleucus Daudin 

Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 6, 1803, p. 409. 
Pituophis melanoleucus Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 2, Vol. 4, 1842, p. 7, pi. 1. 
Pityophis melanoleucus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 867, fig. 203. 
TYPE locality: South Carolina and Florida. 
RANGE : Pine barrens of southern New Jersey to Florida. 

Pituophis sayi (Schlegel) 
BULL-SNAKE 

Coluber sayi Schlegel 

Essai Physion. Serp., Vol. 2, 1837, p. 157. 
Pityophis sayi sayi Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 870, fig. 204. 
TYPE locality: Missouri. 
RANGE : Texas to Minnesota. 

Pituophis vertebralis (Blainville) 
Coluber vertebralis Blainville 
Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 4, 1835, p. 293, pi. 27, figs. 
2-2b. 
Pituophis vertebralis Dum:6ril and Bibron 

Erp. Gen., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 238. 
Pityophis vertebralis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. IVJus. 1898 (1900), p. 879, fig. 209. 
TYPE locality: California, a term which formerly included 

Lower California. 
RANGE : Lower California. 

Leimadophis (GENUS) 

Fitzinger, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 26 
type: almadensis = reginae 

Leimadophis flavilatus (Cope) 
Dromicu^ flavilatus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1871, p. 222. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 87 

Rhadinaea flavilata Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 759, fig. 164. 
TYPE locality: Fort Macon, North Carolina. 
RANGE : The CaroHnas to Florida. 

Lampropeltis (GENUS) 

FiTZiNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 25 

type: getulus Schlegel, nee Linne = holbrooki 

Lampropeltis altema (Brown) 
Ophibolus alternus Brown 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila. 1901 (Feb. 6, 1902), p. 612. 

TYPE locality: Davis Mountains, Jejff Davis Co., Texas. 
range: Davis Mountains, Texas. 

Lampropeltis boylii boylii (Baird and Girard) 
Ophibolus boylii Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 82. 
Lampropeltis boylii Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 255. 
Ophibolus getulus boylii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 919, fig. 230. 

TYPE locality: El Dorado County, California. 
RANGE : Arizona, western Nevada, California. 

Lampropeltis boylii conjuncta Cope 

Lamjyropeltis boylii var. conjuncta Cope 
Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci., 1861, p. 301. 
TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southwestern Arizona and Lower California. 

Lampropeltis califomiae (Blainville) 
Coluber (Ophis) californiae Blainville 

Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 4, 1835, p. 292, pi. 27, figs. 

1-lB. 
Lampropeltis californiae Van Denburgh 

Occ. Papers California Ac. Sci., No. 5, 1897, p. 172. 
Ophibolus getulus californiae Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 922, fig. 231. 

TYPE locality: California. 
RANGE : Southern California. 

Lampropeltis calligaster (Say) 
Coluber calligaster Say 
Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 5, 1827, p. 359. 



88 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Lampropeltis calligaster Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. <^55. 
Ophibolus calligaster Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 905, fig. 223. 
TYPE locality: Missouri. 
RANGE : Illinois and Wisconsin to Texas. 

Lampropeltis elapsoides (Holbrook) 
Coluber elapsoides Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 2, 1838, p. 123, pi. 28. 
Osceola elapsoidea Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 900, fig. 221. 
TYPE locality: South Carolina and Georgia. 
RANGE : Southeastern states to Florida and Louisiana. 

Lampropeltis getulus ^ (Linne) 
KING-SNAKE, CHAIN-SNAKE 
Coluber getulus Linn:6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 382. 
Lampropeltis getula Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 255. 
Ophibolus getulus getulus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 914, figs. 227, 228. 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 
RANGE : Southern New England to Florida. 

Lampropeltis holbrooki Stejneger 
Lampropeltis holbrooki Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 25, Sept. 8, 1902, p. 152. 
Ophibolus getulus sayi Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 911, fig. 226. 
TYPE locality: Valley of the Mississippi. 
RANGE : Louisianna to Texas, northward through the states of 
the Mississippi basin to Illinois and Indiana. 

Lampropeltis nitida Van Denburgh 
Lampropeltis nitida Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 5, 1895, p. 143, pi. 14. 
TYPE locality: San Jose del Cabo, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern Lower California. 

Lampropeltis pyromelaena pyromelaena (Cope) 
Ophibolus pyromelanus Cope 
Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1866, p. 305. 

^ The various forms closely allied to getulut are all treated binominally since they are as yet very 
imperfectly known. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 89 

Lampropeltis pyrrhomelaena Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 25, 1902, p. 152. 
Ophibolus pyrrhomelas Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 907, fig. 224. 
TYPE locality: Fort Whipple, Arizona. 
RANGE : Southern Arizona. 

Lampropeltis pjrromelaena celaenops Stejneger 
Lampropeltis pyrrhomelaena celaenops Stejneger 
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 25, Sept. 8, 1902, p. 153. 

TYPE locality: Mesilla Valley, New Mexico. 
RANGE : New Mexico and Eastern Arizona. 

Lampropeltis pyromelaena multicincta (Yarrow) 
Ophibolus getulus multidndus Yarrow 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 5, 1882, p. 440. 
Lampropeltis pyrrhomelaena multicincta Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 25, Sept. 8, 1902, p. 153. 

TYPE locality: Fresno, California. 
RANGE : California. 

Lampropeltis rhombomaculata (Holbrook) 

Coluber rhombomaculatus Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 4, 1840, p. 103, pi. 20. 

Lampropeltis rhombomaculata Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 255. 

Ophibolus rhombomaculatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 903, fig. 222. 

TYPE locality: Georgia and Alabama. 
RANGE : Maryland to Georgia and Alabama. 

Lampropeltis splendida (Baird and Girard) 
Ophibolus splendidus Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 83. 
Lampropeltis splendida Cope 

Proc. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 255. 
Ophibolus getulus splendidus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 918, fig. 229. 

TYPE locality: Sonora, Mexico. 

RANGE : Northern Mexico and the Boundary region. 

Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum (LacepI^de) 
MILK-SNAKE 

Coluber triangulum Lac^pJjde 
Hist. Nat. Quadr. Ovip. Serp., Vol. 2, 1788, tabl. meth., p. 86. 



I 



90 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Lampropeltis triangula Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. <15Q. 
Osceola doliata triangula Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 885, figs. 210-215. 

TYPE locality: America. 

RANGE : Eastern North America from Massachusetts to Iowa, 
south to Virginia and in the mountains further south. 

Lampropeltis triangulum amaura (Cope) 
Lampropeltis amaura Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 258. 
Osceola doliata coccinea Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 896, figs. 220, 216, (not 
of Schlegel). 
TYPE LOCALITY I " Unknowu " (original entry of type U.S. Nat. 

Mus. No. 5282 reads " ? Mississippi ")• 
RANGE : Eastern United States, west to Texas, south to the Gulf. 

Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis (Baird and Girard) 
Ophiholus gentilis Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 90. 
Osceola doliata gentilis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 894, figs. 218, 219. 
TYPE locality: North Fork, Red River, near Sweetwater 

Creek, Wheeler Co., Texas. 
RANGE : Texas and northwestern Mexico. 

Stylophis^ (GENUS) 

Berg, Comun. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, Vol. 1, 1901, p. 290 
type: extenuatus 

Stylophis extenuatus (Brown) 
Stilosoma extenuatum Brown 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1890, p. 199. 
Stilosoma extenuatum Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 924, fig. 232. 

TYPE locality: Lake Kerr, Marion County, Florida. 
RANGE : North central Florida. 

1 Nom. nov. for Stilotoma Brown, preoccupied. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 91 

Con^Si (GENUS) 

Baird and Girard, Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 110 
type: mitis = tenuis 

Contia tenuis (Baird and Girard) 
Calamaria tenuis Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 176. 
Contia mitis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 925, fig. 233. 
Lodia tenuis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 927, fig. 234. 

TYPE locality: Puget Sound, Washington. 
RANGE : Southern CaHfornia to Puget Sound. 

Cemophora (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 244 
type: coccinea 

Cemophora coccinea (Blumenbach) 
Coluber coccineus Blumenbach 

Voigt's Mag. Neu. Phys. Naturg., Vol. 5, Pt. 1, 1788, p. 11, pi. 1. 
Cemophora coccinea Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 244. 
Cemophora coccinea Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 928, fig. 235. 

TYPE locality: Florida. 

range : Maryland to Alabama, Louisiana and Florida. 

Rhinocheilus (GENUS) 

Baird and Girard, Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 120 
type: lecontei 

Rhinocheilus lecontei Baird and Girard 
Rhinocheilus lecontei Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, p. 120. 
Rhinochilus lecontei Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 931, fig. 236. 

type locality: San Diego, California. 

RANGE : Southern California to Texas, northern Mexico. 



92 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Sonora (GENUS) 

Baird and Girard, Cat. N. Amer. Rept. Pt. 1, 1853, p. 117 
type: semiannulata 

Sonora episcopa (Kennicott) 
Lamprosoma episcopum Kennicott 

U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, 1859, Rept. p. 22, pi. 8, fig. 2. 
Sonora episcopa Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 4, Vol. 3, 1913, p. 411. 
Chionactis episcopus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 937, fig. 238. 

TYPE locality: Eagle Pass, and between San Antonio and the 

Rio Grande, Texas. 
RANGE : Texas to southeastern California and the adjacent regions 

of Mexico. 

Sonora occipitalis (Hollowell) 
Rhinostoma ocdpitale Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 95. 
Sonora occipitalis Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 4, Vol. 3, 1913, p. 411. 
Chionactis occipitalis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 941, fig. 240. 

TYPE locality: Mojave Desert. 

RANGE : Southeastern California, Arizona, Colorado 

Sonora semiannulata Baird and Girard 
Sonora semiannulata Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 117. 
Chionactis episcopus isozonus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 939, fig. 239. 

TYPE locality: Sonora, Mexico. 

RANGE : Utah to Nevada, Arizona, southern Kansas and Texas. 

Sonora taylori (Boulenger) 
Contia taylori Boulenger 

Cat. Snakes Brit. Mus., Vol. 2, 1894, p. 265, pi. 12, fig. 3. 
Chionactis taylorii Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 936. 
TYPE locality: Duval County, Texas, and Nuevo Leon, 

Mexico. 
range : Southern Texas and northeastern Mexico. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 93 

Ficimia (GENUS) 

Gray, Cat. Snakes Brit. Mus., 1849, p. 80 
type: olivacea 
Ficimia cana (Cope) 
Gyalopion canum Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 243. 
Ficimia cana Garman 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 83. 
Gyalopium canum Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 947, fig. 241. 

TYPE locality: Fort Buchanan, Arizona. 
RANGE : Western Texas to Arizona. 

Hypsiglena (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 246 
type: ochrorhynchus 

Hypsiglena ochrorhynchus ochrorhynchus (Cope) 
Hypsiglena ochrorhynchus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 246. 
Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 953, fig. 245. 

TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern and Lower California, southern Arizona, north- 
western Mexico. 

Hypsiglena ochrorhjoichus texana (Stejneger) 
Hypsiglena texana Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, 1893, p. 205. 

TYPE locality: Between Laredo and Camargo, Texas. 
range : Southwestern Texas. 

Chilomeniscus (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 339 
type: stramineus 

Chilomeniscus ephippicus Cope 
Chilomeniscus ephippicus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1867, p. 85. 
Chilomeniscus ephipjncus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 950, fig. 243. 

TYPE locality: Owens Valley, California. 
range: Southern Arizona and California. 



94 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Chilomeniscus fasciatus Cope) 

Chilomeniscus stramineus fasciatus Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, 1892, p. 595. 
Chilomeniscus fasciatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 951, fig. 244. 

TYPE locality: La Paz, Lower California. 
range: Lower California. 

Chilomeniscus stramineus Cope 
Chilomeniscus stramineus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 339. 
Chilomeniscus stramineus Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 949, fig. 242. 

type locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern Lower California. 

Natrix (GENUS) 

Laukenti, Syn. Rept., 1768, p. 73 

type: vulgaris = natrix 

Natrix clarkii (Baird and Girard) 
Regina clarkii Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 48. 
Natrix clarkii Cope 

Proc. TJ. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, 1892, p. 669. 
Natrix clarkii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 987, fig. 261. 
TYPE locality: Indianola, Texas. 
RANGE : Coastal regions of northwest Florida to Texas. 

Natrix compressicauda (Kennicott) 
SALT-WATER MOCCASIN 

Nerodia compressicauda Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 335. 
Natrix compressicauda Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 11, 1889, p. 392. 
Natrix compressicauda Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 978, fig. ^55. 
TYPE locality: Tampa Bay, Florida. 

RANGE : Southwestern Florida, especially the mangrove swamps 
of the extreme southern coast and the Keys. 

Natrix cyclopion (Dum^ril and Bibron) 
Tropidonotus cyclopion Dum:6ril and Bibron 
Erp. Gen., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 576. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 95 

Natrix cyclopium Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, 1892, p. 673. 
Natrix eyclopium Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 961, figs. 247, 248. 
TYPE locality: New Orleans. 

range: Florida to Louisiana and northward up the Mississippi 
Valley to Southern Illinois. 

Natrix grahamii (Baird and Girard) 
Regina grahamii Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 47. 
Natrix grahamii Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, 1892, p. 668. 
Natrix grahamii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 991, fig. 264. 
TYPE locality: Rio Salado, Texas. 
range : Illinois southward to Louisiana and Texas. 

Natrix kirtlandii (Kennicott) 
Regina kirtlandii Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1856, p. 95. 
Natrix kirtlandii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 995, fig. 266. 
TYPE locality: Northern Illinois. 
RANGE : Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. 

Natrix rhombifera (Hallowell) 
Tropidonotus rhombifer Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 177. 
Natrix rhombifera Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 11, 1889, p. 398. 
Natrix rhombifera Cope 

Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 963, fig. 249. 
TYPE locality: Arkansas River and its tributaries near the 

northern boundary of the Creek Nation. 
range: Southern Illinois and Indiana south to Texas and 
Louisiana. 

Natrix rigida (Say) 
Coluber rigidus Say 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 4, Pt. 2, 1825, p. 239. ^ 
Natrix rigida Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, 1892, p. 668. 
Natrix rigida Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 989, fig. 262. 
TYPE locality: The Southern States. 
range : The Carolinas to Florida. 



96 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Natrix septemvittata (Say) 
MOON-SNAKE, QUEEN- SNAKE 

Coluber septemvittatus Say 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 4, Pt. 2, 1825, p. 240. 
Natrix septemvittata Cope 

Trans. Amer. PMlos. Soc, Vol. 18, 1895, p. 216. 
Natrix leheris ^ Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 993, fig. 265. 

TYPE locality: Pennsylvania. 

RANGE : Central, Eastern and Gulf States from Pennsylvania, 
Ohio and Wisconsin southward. 

Natrix sipedon sipedon (Link6) 
WATER SNAKE 

Coluber sipedon LiNNiii 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 219. 
Natrix sipedon Kirsch 

BuU. U. S. Fish Comm., Vol. 14, 1895, p. 333. 
Natrix fasciata sipedon Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 969, fig. 251. 

TYPE locality: North America. 

RANGE : Northern and northeastern United States. 

Natrix sipedon fasciata ^ (Linne) 
Coluber fasdatus Linne 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 378. 
Natrix fasciata fasciata Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 966, fig. 250. 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : Virginia to Florida, westward to Louisiana and north- 
ward up the Mississippi through all the central states to Ne- 
braska and Indiana. 

Natrix sipedon pictiventris Cope 
Natrix fasciata pictiventris Cope 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 29, 1895, p. 677. 
Natrix fasciata pictiventris Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 969. 

TYPE locality: Palatka, Florida. 
RANGE : Peninsula of Florida. 

1 Not Coluber leheris of Linne. 

2 Apparent forms which are more or less uniformly rufescent are found in the ranges of both the 
subspecies /aactoia and sipedon. To these the names of Natrix sipedon erythrogaster Forster (in Bossu, 
Travels through North America, Vol. 1, 1771, p. 364, footnote) and Natrix sipedon fulviventer Rafi- 
nesque (Ann. Nat., 1820, No. 1, p. 6) have been given. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 97 

Natrix sipedon transversa (Hallowell) 
Tropidonotus transversus Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 177. 
Natrix sipedon transversa Hurter 

Herp. Missouri, 1911, p. 157. 
Natrix fasciata transversa Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 973, fig. 252. 
TYPE locality: Creek boundary, found near the banks of the 

Arkansas and its tributaries. 
range: Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas. 

Natrix taxispilota (Holbrook) 
WATER-PILOT 

Tropidonotus taxispilotus Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 2, Vol. 4, 1842, p. 35, pi. 8. 
Natrix taxispilota Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 11, 1889, p. 392. 
Natrix taxispilota Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 959, fig. 246. 
TYPE locality: South Carolina seaboard and the Altamaha 

River, Georgia. 
RANGE : The Carolinas to Florida, west to Louisiana. 

Natrix valida (Kennicott) 
Regina valida Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 334. 
Natrix valida Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, 1892, p. 670. 
Natrix valida Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 984, figs. 258, 259. 
TYPE locality: Durango, Mexico. 
RANGE : Western Mexico, Lower California. 

Semmatnx (GENUS) 
Cope, Amer. Nat., Vol. 29, 1895, p. 678 
type: pygaea 
Seminatrix pygaea (Cope) 
Contia pygaea Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1871, p. 223. 
Seminatrix pygaea Cope 

Amer. Nat., Vol. 29, 1895, p. 678. 
Seminatrix pygaea Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 998, fig. 267. 
TYPE locality: Volusia, Florida. 
RANGE : Florida peninsula. 



98 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

StorerieL {G E N U S) 
Baird and Girabd, Cat. N. Arner. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 135 
type: dekayi 
Storeria deka3d (Holbrook) 
dekay's snake 

Tropidonotus dekayi Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 2, Vol. 4, 1842, p. 53, pi. 14. 
Storeria dekayi Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 135. 
Storeria dekayi Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1000, fig. 268. 
TYPE locality: Massachusetts and New York. 
EANGE : Eastern North America, Ontario to Vera Cruz, west to 
Kansas. 

Storeria occipito-maculata (Storer) 
RED-BELLIED SNAKE 

Coluber occipito-maculatus Storer 

Rep. Fish. Rept. Birds Massachusetts, 1839, p. 230. 
Storeria occipito-maculata Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 137. 
Storeria occipitomaculata Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1003, fig. 269. 

TYPE LOCALITY : Amhcrst, Mass. 

RANGE : Ontario to Vera Cruz, westward to Kansas. 

Storeria victa Hay 
Storeria victa Hay 

Science (N. S.), Vol. 19, April 8, 1892, p. 199. 

TYPE locality: Oklawaha River, some distance north of Kis- 

simmee, Florida. 
range: Florida. 

Virginia (GENUS) 

Baird and Girard, Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 127 
type: valeriae 
Virginia elegans Kennicott 
Virginia elegans Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila, 1859, p. 99. 
Virginia elegans Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1007, fig. 271. 

type locality: Heavily timbered regions of southern Illinois. 
range : Illinois, Indiana and Missouri southward to Texas. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 99 

Virginia valeriae Baird and Girard 
Virginia valeriae Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 127. 
Virginia valeriae Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1006, fig. 270. 

TYPE locality: Kent County, Maryland. 

RANGE : New Jersey to South Carolina, west to Tennessee. 

Amphiardis {GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 11, 1889, p. 391 
type: inornata 

Amphiardis inomatus (Garman) 
Virginia inornata Garman 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 97. 
Amphiardis inornatus Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, 1892, p. 675. 
Amphiardis inornatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1009. 

TYPE locality: Dallas, Texas. 
range: Texas. 

Potamophis (GENUS) 

FiTZiNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 25 
type: striatulus 

Potamophis striatulus (Linn^) 
Coluber striatulus Linn6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 375. 
Potamophis striatulus Garman 

Bull. Essex Inst., Vol. 24, 1892, p. 105. 
Haldea striatula Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1009, fig. 272. 

TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : Virginia and Minnesota southward to the Gulf States. 

Tropidoclonion (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 76 
type: lineatum 

Tropidoclonion lineattmi (Hallowell) 
Microps lineatus Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1856, p. 241. 
Tropidoclonion lineatum Cope 
Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 76. 



100 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Tropidoclonium lineatum Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1011, fig. 273. 
TYPE locality: Kansas. 

range: Ohio to Iowa and southeastern South Dakota and 
through Missouri, Kansas and Arkansas to Oklahoma and 
Texas. 

Liodytes (GENUS) 
Cope, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 22, 1885, p. 194 
type: alleni 
Liodytes alleni (Garman) 
Helicops alleni Garman 

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., Vol. 17, 1874, p. 92. 
Liodytes alleni Cope 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 11, 1888, p. 393. 
Liodytes allenii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1013, fig. 274. 
TYPE locality: Jacksonville, Florida. 
range: Florida. 

Thamnophis (GENU S) 

FiTZiNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 26 

type: sauritus 

THE GARTER-SNAKES 

Thamnophis angustirostris (Kennicott) 
Eutaenia angustirostris Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 332. 
Thamnophis angustirostris Ruthven 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 61, 1908, p. 120. 
Eutaenia angustirostris Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1047, fig. 290. 
TYPE locality: Parras, Coahuila, Mexico. 

range: Southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico, ! 
south to Coahuila and Durango. 

Thamnophis butleri (Cope) ; 

Eutaenia butleri Cope i 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 11, 1889, p. 399. j 

Thamnophis butleri Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 17, 1895, p. 593. 
Eutaenia butlerii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1031, fig. 281. 
TYPE locality: Richmond, Indiana. 

range: Western Pennsylvania, through Ohio and Indiana, 
southern Michigan. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 101 

Thamnophis eques (Reuss) 
Coluber eques Reuss 

Mus. Senckenberg. Abh., Vol. 1, 1834, p. 152, pi. 8, fig. 2. 
Thamnophis eques Ruthven 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 61, 1908, p. 158. 
Eutaenia eques Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1049, figs. 291-293. 

TYPE locality: Mexico. 

RANGE : Arizona and New Mexico southward to Guatemala. 

Thamnophis hammondii (Kennicott) 
Eutaenia hammondii Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 322. 
Thamnophis hammondii Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, 1893, p. 212. 
Eutaenia elegans couchii (part) Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1042, fig. 288. 

TYPE locality: San Diego and Fort Tejon, California. 
RANGE : Southern California and northern Lower California. 

Thamnophis marcianus (Baird and Girard) 
Eutainia marciana Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 36. 
Thamnophis marcianus Ruthven 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 61, 1908, p. 58. 
Eutaenia elegans marciana Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1044, fig. 289. 

TYPE locality: "Red River, Arkansas" (Oklahoma). 
range: Oklahoma and Texas west to southeastern California, 
northeastern Mexico. 

Thamnophis megalops (Kennicott) 
Eutaenia megalops Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 330. 
Thamnophis megalops Ruthven 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 61, 1908, p. 44. 
Eutaenia megalops Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1025, fig. 278. 

TYPE locality: Tucson and Sta. Magdalena, Arizona. 
RANGE : The whole Mexican plateau region north to Arizona and 
southwestern New Mexico. 

Thamnophis ordinoides ordinoides (Baird and Girard) 
Tropidonotus ordinoides Baird and Girard 
Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 176. 



102 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Thamnophis ordinoides Ruthven 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 61, 1908, p. 147. 
Evtaenia elegans ordinoides Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1046. 
TYPE locality: Puget Sound. 
RANGE : Coastal region of California, Oregon and Washington. 

Thamnophis ordinoides elegans (Baird and Girard) 
Euiainia elegans Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 34. 
Thamnophis ordinoides elegans Ruthven 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 61, 1908, p. 138. 
Eutaenia elegant elegans Cope 

Ann. Rep. TJ. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1036, fig. 284. 
TYPE locality: El Dorado County, California. 
range: New Mexico northward to Wyoming westward to the 
Pacific coast states. 

Thamnophis proximus (Say) 
Coluber proximus Say 

Long's Exp. Rocky Mts., Vol. 1, 1823, p. 187. 
Thamnophis proxima Garman 

Bull. Essex Inst., Vol. 24, 1892, p. 105. 
Thamnophis sauritus proximus Ruthven 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 61, 1908, p. 98. 
Eutaenia proxima Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1022, fig. 277. 
TYPE locality: Stone quarry on west side of Missouri River, 

3 miles above the mouth of Boyer's River. 
RANGE : Nebraska, northern Iowa and southern Wisconsin south 
to Louisiana and Texas and through Mexico to the coastal 
region of Yucatan and British Honduras. 

Thamnophis radix (Baird and Girard) 
Eutainia radix Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 34. 
Thamnophis radix Jordan 

Man. Vertebr. Anim. North. U. S., 8 Ed., 1899, p. 193. 
Eutaenia radix Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1026, fig. 279. 
TYPE locality: Racine, Wisconsin. 

RANGE : The Great Plains from Kansas and Missouri to the 
Canadian Northwest. 

Thamnophis sackenii (Kennicott) 
Eutaenia sackenii Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1859, p. 98. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 103 

Thamnophis sauritus sackeni Ruthven 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 61, 1908, p. 107. 
Eutaenia sackenii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1019, fig. 275. 
TYPE locality: Florida. 
RANGE : The entire state of Florida, and southern Mississippi. 

Thamnophis sauritus (LiN]sr6) 
RIBBON SNAKE 

Coluber saurita Linn6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 385. 
Thamnophis saurita Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, 1893, p. 210. 
Eutaenia saurita Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1020, fig. 276. 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : Michigan, Ontario and Maine, south to Mississippi, 
Alabama and Georgia. 

Thamnophis sirtaUs sirtalis (Linn:^) 
Coluber sirtalis Linn:6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 222. 
Thamnophis sirtalis Garman 

Bull. Essex Inst., Vol. 24, 1892, p. 104. 
Eutaenia siHalis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1064, figs. 298-303. 
TYPE locality: Canada. 

RANGE : Eastern United States and Canada north to about the 
50th degree of latitude west to Minnesota, Wisconsin and Mis- 
souri. 

Thamnophis sirtalis concinnus (Hallowell) 
Tropidonotus concinnus Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 182. 
Thamnophis sirtalis concinnus Ruthven 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 61, 1908, p. 173. 
Euta£nia sirtalis concinna Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1081, fig. 306. 
TYPE locality: Oregon. 

RANGE : Coast region of southwestern British Columbia, Van- 
couver Island, Washington and Oregon, west of the Sierra 
Nevada. 

Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis (Say) 
Coluber parietalis Say 
Long's Exp. Rocky Mts., Vol. 1, 1823, p. 186. 



104 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Thamnophis sirtalis var. parietalis Jordan 
Man. Vertebr. Anim. North. U. S., 8 Ed., 1899, p. 193 

Eutaenia sirtalis parietalis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1077, fig. 304. 

TYPE locality: Stone quarry on west side of Missouri River, 

3 miles above the mouth of Boyer's River. 
BANGE : Missouri to the coast of California, northward in Oregon 

and Washington only east of the Sierra Nevada, Manitoba. 

Coniophanes (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 248 
type: fissidens 

Coniophanes imperialis (Baird) 
Taeniophis imperialis Baird 

U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, 1859, Rept., p. 23, pi. 19, fig. 1. 
Coniophanes imperialis Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 74. 
Coniophanes imperialis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1097, fig. 313. 

TYPE locality: Brownsville, Texas. 
RANGE : Southeastern Texas to Vera Cruz. 

Leptodeira (GENUS) 

FiTZiNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 27 
type: annulata 

Leptodeira septentrionalis (Kennicott) 
Dipsas septentrionalis Kennicott 

U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, 1859, Rept., p. 16, pi. 8, fig. 1. 
Leptodeira septentrionalis Stejneger 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 14, 1891, p. 505. 
Sibon septentrionale Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1107, fig. 316. 

TYPE locality: Matamoros, Mexico and Brownsville, Texas. 
RANGE : Southern Texas and northeastern Mexico. 

Trimorphodon (GENUS) 

Cope, Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 297 
type: lyrophanes 

Trimorphodon l3rrophanes (Cope) 
Lycodon lyrophanes Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 343. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 105 

Trimorphodon lyrophanes Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 297. 
Trimorphodon lyrophanes Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1102, fig. 314. 

TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern Arizona and Lower California. 

TanMa (GENUS) 

Baird and Gibard, Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 131 
type: coronata 

Tantilla coronata Baird and Girard 
Tantilla coronata Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 131. 
Tantilla coronata Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1114, fig. 320. 

TYPE locality: Kemper County, Mississippi. 
RANGE : Southeastern United States. 

Tantilla eiseni Stejneger 
Tantilla eiseni Stejneger 
Proe. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 18, April 16, 1896, p. 117. 

TYPE locality: Fresno, California. 
RANGE : Southern California. 

Tantilla gracilis Baird and Girard 
Tantilla gracilis Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 132. 
Tantilla gracilis Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1111, fig. 318. 

TYPE locality: Indianola, Texas. 
RANGE : Missouri to Texas. 

Tantilla planiceps (Blainville) 
Coluber planiceps Blainville 
Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 4, 1835, p. 294, pi. 27, figs. 
3-3b. 
Tantilla planiceps Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1113. 
Tantilla nigriceps Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1113, fig. 319. 

TYPE locality: California. 

RANGE : Kansas to Texas and westward to California, and Lower 
California. 



106 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Tantilla wilcoxi Stejneger 
Tantilla wilcoxi Stejneger 
Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 25, Sept. 8, 1902, p. 156. 
TYPE locality: Fort Huachuca, Arizona. 
kange: Southern Arizona. 



ELAPIDAE {FAMILY) 

Micrurus (GENUS) 

Wagler in Spix, Serp. Brasil., 1824, p. 48 

type: spixii 

CORAL-SNAKES 

Micrurus euryxanthus (Kennicott) 
Elaps euryxanthus Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1860, p. 337. 
Elaps euryxanthus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1125, fig. 324. 
TYPE locality: Sonora. 
range : Southern New Mexico, Arizona and northern Mexico. 

Micrurus fulvius (Linn^i) 
Coluber fulvius Linn^i 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 381. 
Elaps fulvius Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1120, figs. 321, 322. 

TYPE locality: Carolina. 

range: South Carolina and Mississippi to Florida, the Gulf 
States, Mexico and Central America. 



CROTALIDAE (FAMILY) 

Agkistrodon (GENUS) 

Beauvois, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 4, 1799, p. 381 

type: mokasen 

Agkistrodon mokasen Beauvois 
COPPERHEAD 
Agkishodon ^ mokasen Beauvois 

Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 4, 1799, p. 370. 
Ancistrodon contortrix Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1135, fig. 326. 

1 Typographical error. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 107 

TYPE locality: America. 

RANGE : Massachusetts southward to northern Florida, westward 

to lUinois, Arkansas and Texas. 

Agkistrodon piscivorus (Laci^p^de) 
COTTON-MOUTH MOCCASIN 
Crotalus piscivorus LAcfipfeoE 

Hist. Nat. Serp., Vol. 2, 1789, table method., p. 130. 
Ancistrodon piscivorus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1133, fig. 325. 

TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : Virginia to Florida and the Gulf States. 

Sistrurus {GENUS) 

Garman, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 110 
type: miliarius 

Sistrurus catenatus catenatus (Rafinesque) 
MASSASAUGA 
Crotalinus catenatus Rafinesque 

Amer. Month. Mag. Grit. Rev., Vol. 4, No. 1, Nov. 1818, p. 41. 
Sistrurus catenatus Garman 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 176. 
Sistrurus catenatus catenatus Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1146, fig. 329. 

type locality: Prairies of the upper Missouri. 
range: Western New York, through Ohio to Nebraska, north- 
ward into Michigan and Ontario, southward to Kansas. 

Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii (Baird and Girard) 
Crotalophorus edwardsii Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 15. 
Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii Stejneger 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1893 (1895), p. 416. 
Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1144, fig. 328. 

type locality: Tamaulipas, Mexico. 

range : Oklahoma southward through western Texas to north- 
eastern Mexico. 

Sistrurus miliarius (Linn£) 
GROUND RATTLER 
Crotalus miliarius Linn6 
Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 372. 



108 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Sistrurus miliarius Garman 

Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 177. 
Sistrurus miliarius Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1141, fig. 327. 

TYPE locality: Carolina. 

range: North Carolina to Florida westward to Oklahoma and 
Texas, northward in the Mississippi basin to Arkansas. 

Qroielvis {GENUS) 

LiNNii, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 214 

type: horridus 

RATTLESNAKES 

Crotalus adamanteus Beauvois 
DIAMOND-BACK RATTLER 
Qrotalus adamanteus Beauvois 

Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 4, 1799, p. 368. 
Crotalus adamanteus adamanteus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1161, fig. 333. 

TYPE locality: United States. 

range : Southern North Carolina to Florida, westward to Louisi- 
ana and Arkansas. 

Crotalus atrox Baird and Girard 
Crotalus atrox Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 5. 
Crotalus adamanteus atrox Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1164, fig. 334. 
Crotalus adamanteus scutulatus Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1158, fig. 332. 

type locality: San Pedro, Texas. 

range: Texas and northern Mexico to Arizona, also Lower 
California. 

Crotalus cerastes Hallowell 
SIDEWINDER 

Crotalus cerastes Hallowell 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sei. Phila., Vol. 7, 1854, p. 95. 
Crotalus cerastes Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1196, fig. 347. 

TYPE LOCALITY : Mojave Desert. 

range: Southern California, southern Nevada, Arizona, south- 
western Utah. 



] 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 109 

Crotalus confluentus Say 
PRAIRIE RATTLER 
Crotalus confluentus Say 

Long's Exp. Rocky Mts., Vol. 2, 1823, p. 48. 
Crotalus confluentus Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1169, figs. 336-338. 
TYPE locality: " Valley of the Arkansa ' near Bell's Springs, 

Colorado. 
BANGE : The Great Plains, from about the 96th Meridian to the 
Rocky Mountains and from Southern Canada to Texas. 

Crotalus enyo (Cope) 
Caudisona enyo Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 293. 
Crotalus enyo Cope 
Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 1, 1875, p. 33. 
. Crotalus enyo Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1189, fig. 343. 
TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 
RANGE : Extreme southern Lower California. 

Crotalus exsul Garman 
Crotalus exsul Garman 

Mem. Mus. Comp. ZooL, Vol. 8, Pt. 3, 1883, p. 114. 
Crotalus ruber Cope 
Ann. Rep, U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1167, fig. 335. 
TYPE locality: Cedros Island, Lower California. 
RANGE : Southern and Lower California. 

Crotalus horridus Linne 

BANDED RATTLESNAKE, BLACK RATTLESNAKE, TIMBER RATTLE- 
SNAKE, CANEBREAK RATTLESNAKE (for various variants in color- 
ation) 
Crotalus horridus LiNNifi 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 214. 
Crotalus horridus Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1185, fig. 342. 

TYPE locality: America. 

RANGE : Maine to Georgia, westward to Great Plains. 

Crotalus lepidus (Kennicott) 
Caudisona lepida Kennicott 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 206. 
Crotalus lepidus Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1883, p. 13. 



110 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Crotalus lejndtts Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1191, fig. 344. 

TYPE locality: Presidio and Eagle Pass, Texas. 
RANGE : Border region in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and ad- 
jacent Mexico. 

Crotalus mitchellii (Cope) 
Caudisona mitchellii Cope 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1861, p. 293. 
Crotalus mitchellii Cope 

Wheeler's Surv. West 100 Mer., Vol. 5, 1875, p. 535. 
Crotalus mitchellii Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1193, figs. 345, 346. 

TYPE locality: Cape St. Lucas, Lower California. 

range: Arizona, Colorado Desert to southern Lower California. 

Crotalus molossus Baird and Girard 
Crotalus molossus Baird and Girard 

Cat. N. Amer. Rept., Pt. 1, 1853, p. 10. 
Crotalus molossus Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1154, fig. 330. 

TYPE locality: Fort Webster, New Mexico. 
RANGE : Southern Texas to southern Arizona, also northern 
Mexico. 

Crotalus oregonus Holbrook 
Crotalus oreganu^ Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 4, 1840, p. 115, pi. 29 [ = 24] 
Crotalus confluentus lucifer Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1176, fig. 339. 

TYPE locality: Columbia River. 

RANGE : British Columbia to southern California, western Idaho 
and Nevada. 

Crotalus pricei Van Denburgh 
Crotalus pricei Van Denburgh 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 5, 1895, p. 856. 
Crotalus pricei Cope 
Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1184. 

TYPE locality: Huachuca Mts., Arizona. 

range : Southern Arizona and the adjacent region in Mexico. 

Crotalus tigris Kennicott 
Crotalus tigris Kennicott 

U. S. Mex. Bound. Surv., Vol. 2, 1859, Rept., p. 14, pi. 4. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. Ill 

Crotalus tigris Cope 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1898 (1900), p. 1181, fig. 341. 
TYPE locality: Deserts of the Gila and Colorado Rivers, 

Arizona. 
range: Southern California, southern Nevada, and southern 

Arizona. 

Crotalus willardi Meek 
Crotaltis willardi Meek 

Field Columb. Mus. Publ. Zool., Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan. 1906, p. 18, pi. 3. 
TYPE locality: Tombstone, Arizona. 

RANGE : Santa Rita Mountain Region, Arizona, and northern 
Mexico. 



SYNAPSIDA (SUBCLASS) 

OsBORN, Science (N. S.), Vol. 17, Feb. 13, 1903, p. 276 

TESTUDINATA (ORDER) 

Oppel, Ordn. Rept., 1811, p. 3 

KINOSTERNIDAE (FAMILY) 

Kinosternon (GENUS) 

Spix, Testud. Brasil., 1824, p. 17 

type: longicaudatum = scorpioides. 

STINK-POTS, MUSK-TURTLES OR MUD-TURTLES 

Kinostemon baurii Garman 
Cinosternum baurii Garman 
Bull. Essex Inst., Vol. 23, 1891, p. 141. 
TYPE locality: Key West, Florida. 
RANGE : Florida. 

Kinostemon carinatum (Gray) 
Aromochelys carinata Gray 

Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1855 (Jan. 22, 1856), p. 199. 
TYPE locality: Louisiana. 
RANGE : Western Georgia to Louisiana. 

Kinostemon flavescens (Agassiz) 
Platythyra flavescens Agassiz 

Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 430; Vol. 2, pi. 5, figs. 12-15. 



112 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Cinosternum flavescens Cope 
Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 1, 1875, p. 52. 
TYPE LOCALITY : Tcxas, Arizona. 
RANGE : Texas, north to Kansas and Colorado, west to Arizona. 

Kinostemon odoratum (Latreille) 
Testudo odorata Latreille 

Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 1, 1802, p. 122. 
Kinostemon odoratum Gray 

Syn. Rept., 1831, p. 35. 

TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : Eastern and southern United States from Canada south; 
west to western Missouri and southern Texas. 

Kinostemon sonoriense Le Conte 
Kinosternum sonoriense Le Conte 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1854, p. 184. 

TYPE locality: Tucson, Arizona. 

RANGE : Southwestern Texas through southern New Mexico and 
Arizona into southeastern California; northern Mexico. 

Kinostemon steindachneri Siebenrock 
Cinosternum steindachneri Siebenrock 
Zool. Anz., Vol. 30, Oct. 16, 1906, p. 727. 

TYPE locality: Orlando, Florida. 
RANGE : Central Florida. 

Kinostemon subrubrum subrubrum^ (Lacepede) 
Testudo suhruhra LACifipfeDE 

Hist. Nat. Quadr. Ovip. Serp., Vol. 1, 1788, synops. meth., tabl. 

betw. pp. 618 and 619 (comp. p. 132). 
TYPE locality: Pennsylvania. 
RANGE : Eastern United States, exclusive of peninsular Florida, 

west to Indiana and southeastern Illinois and Tennessee. 

Kinostemon subrubrum hippocrepis (Gray) 
Kinostemon hippocrepis Gray 

Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1855 (Jan. 22, 1856), p. 198. 

TYPE locality: New Orleans, Louisiana. 

range : Southern Alabama to Texas, north in the Mississippi 
Valley to southeastern Missouri. 

1 This is the species usually known as Kinostemon pensilvanicum (Gmelik) 1789. Both names 
are based on the same figure in Edward's "Glanures". 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 118 

CHELYDRIDAE (FAMILY) 

Macrochelys (GENUS) 

Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1855 (Jan. 22, 1856), p. 200 
type: temminckii 

Macrochelys temminckii (Holbrook) 
ALLIGATOR-SNAPPER 

Chelonura temminckii Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, 1840, Vol. 4, p. 29, pi. 4. 
Macrochelys temminckii Gray 

Proc. Zool. Soc, London, 1855 (Jan. 22, 1856) p. 200. 

TYPE locality: Mississippi River and tributaries. 
RANGE : Texas east to southeastern Georgia and northern Florida, 
north in the Mississippi basin to northern Missouri. 

Chelydra (GENUS) 

ScHWEiGGER, Konlgsbcrg. Arch. Naturw. Math., Vol. 1, 1812, Pt. 3, p. 292 

type: serpentina 

Chelydra serpentina (LiNidi) 
COMMON SNAPPER 

Testudo serpentina Linn6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 199. 
Chelydra serpentina Schweigger 

Konigsberg. Arch. Naturw. Math., Vol. 1, 1812, Pt. 3, p. 293. 

TYPE locality: " Warmer regions." 

RANGE : Eastern North America from southern Canada to the 
Gulf of Mexico and west to the Rocky Mountains. 

TESTUDINIDAE (FAMILY) 

Clemmys (GENUS) 

RiTGEN, Nova Acta Ac. Leopold. -Carol., Vol. 14, Pt. 1, 1828, p. 272 
type: punctata = guttata 

Clemmys guttata (Schneider) 
SPOTTED TURTLE 

Testudo guttata Schneider 

Schr. Ges. Naturf . Freunde Berlm, Vol. 10, 1792, p. 264. 
Clemmys guttata Strauch 
Mem. Ac. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, Vol. 5, No- 7, 1862, p. 107. 



114 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

TYPE locality: Unknown. 

RANGE : Eastern United States from Maine to northern Florida; 
in northern part west and north to southern Michigan. 

Clemmys insculpta (Le Conte) 
WOOD-TURTLE 

Testudo insculpta Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. New York, Vol. 3, 1830, p. 112. 
Clemmys insculpta Strauch 

Mem. Ac. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, Vol. 5, No. 7, 1862, p. 104. 

type locality: Northern (United) States. 

BANGE : Eastern United States from Maine to the District of 

Columbia, west to Michigan and Wisconsin; southwestern 

Ontario. 

Clemmys marmorata (Baird and Girard) 
Emys marmorata Baird and Girard 

Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., Vol. 6, 1852, p. 177. 
. Clemmys marmorata Strauch 

Mem. Ac. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, Vol. 5, No. 7, 1862, p. 108. 

TYPE locality: Puget Sound, Washington. 

RANGE : Pacific Slope from Puget Sound to San Diego, California. 

Clemmys muhlenbergii (Schoepff) 
Testudo muhlenbergii Schoepff 

Hist. Testud. Pt. 6, 1801, p. 132, pi. 31. 
Clemmys muhlenbergii Strauch 

Mem. Ac. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, Vol. 8, No. 13, 1865, p. 67. 

TYPE locality: Lancaster, Pennsylvania. 
RANGE : New Jersey, southeastern corner of Pennsylvania and of 
New York, north to Rhode Island. 

Clemanys nuchalis Dunn 
Clemmys nuchalis Dunn 
Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., Vol. 37, 1917, p. 624, pi. 61. 

TYPE locality: Yonahlossee Road, about 3 miles from Lin- 

ville. North Carolina. 
RANGE : Brevard and Linville, North Carolina. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 115 

Emys (GENUS) 

DuMERiL, Zool. Anal., 1806, p. 76 
type: Europea 

Emys blandingii (Holbrook) 
BLANDING'S TURTLE 

Cistudo blandingii Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 3, 1838, p. 35, pi. 5. 
Emys blandingii Strauck 

Mem. Ac. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, Vol. 5, No. 7, 1862, p. 28. 

TYPE locality: Fox River, Illinois. 

range: Northern Illinois and Indiana, west and north to Minne- 
sota, Michigan and east to New England; Long Island. 

Terrapene (GENUS) 

Merrem, Tent. Syst. Amphib., 1820, p. 27 
type: clausa = Carolina 

BOX-TURTLES 

Terrapene Carolina Carolina (Linn^i) 
Testudo Carolina Linn]6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, p. 198. 
Terrapene Carolina Bell 

Zool. Journ., Vol. 2, 1825, p. 309. 

TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : Eastern United States from Maine to Georgia, west to 
Tennessee, western Illinois and northwards to central Michigan. 

Terrapene Carolina triunguis (Agassiz) 
Cistudo triunguis Agassiz 

Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 445. 
Terrapene Carolina triunguis Strecker 
Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, Vol. 23, 1910, p. 121. 

TYPE locality: New Orleans, Louisiana. 

range : Coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico, north in the Missis- 
sippi Basin to Missouri, west into Oklahoma and southern 
Texas. 

Terrapene major (Agassiz) 
Cistudo major Agassiz 

Contr. Nat. Hist., U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 445. 
Terrapene major Baur 

Science, N. S., Vol. 17, April 3, 1891, p. 190. 



116 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

TYPE locality: Mobile, Alabama; Florida. 
KANGE : Florida, north into southern Georgia, west into south- 
eastern Texas. 

Terrapene omata (Agassiz) 
Cistvdo ornata Agassiz 

Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 445. 
Terrapene ornata Baur 
Science, N. S., Vol. 17, April 3, 1891, p. 191. 
TYPE locality: The Upper Missouri and Iowa. 
RANGE : Indiana, Illinois, and territory between the Missouri and 
Mississippi Rivers and the Rocky Mountains from the Yellow- 
stone River in the north to the Gulf of Mexico in the south, 
southern New Mexico and Arizona and northern Mexico. 

Malaclemys (GENUS) 

Gray, Cat. Tort. Brit. Mus., 1844, p. 28 
type: concentrica 

DIAMOND-BACK TERRAPINS 

Malaclemys centrata centrata (Latreille) 
Testvdo centrata Latreille 

Hist. Nat. Rept, Vol. 1, 1802, p. 145. 
Malaclemys centrata Loennberg 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 17, Nov. 15, 1894, p. 319. 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 

RANGE : Coast strip from neighborhood of Cape Hatteras, south 
to Florida. 

Malaclemys centrata concentrica (Shaw) 
Testvdo concentrica Shaw 

Gen. Zool., Vol. 3, 1802, p. 43, pi. 9. 
Malaclemmys centrata concentrica W. P. Hay 
Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., Vol. 24, 1904, p. 16. 
TYPE locality: Philadelphia markets. 

RANGE : Coast strip from Buzzards Bay to North Carolina, Dela- 
ware and Chesapeake Bays. 

Malaclemys pileata pileata (Wied) 
Emys pileata Wied 

Nova Acta Ac. Leopold.-Carol., Vol. 32, 1865, p. 17, pi. 1, figs. 2, 3. 
Malaclemmys pileaia W. P. Hay 

Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., Vol. 24, 1904, p. 17. 
TYPE locality: New Orleans, Louisiana. 

RANGE : Coast from mouth of Mississippi River eastwards to 
Florida. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 117 

Malaclemys pileata littoralis (W. P. Hay) 
Malaclemmys littoralis W. P. Hay 

Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., Vol. 24, 1904, p. 18, pis. 8, 9, 12, figs. 2, 3. 
TYPE locality: Rockport, Texas. 
RANGE : Coast of Texas and outlying islands. 

Malaclemys pileata macrospilota (W. P. Hay) 
Malaclemmys macrospilota W. P. Hay 

Bull. U. S. Bur. Fish., Vol. 24, 1904, p. 16, pis. 6, 7, 11, fig. 1. 
TYPE locality: Charlotte Harbor, Florida. 
RANGE : Western coast of Florida. 

Graptemys (GENUS) 

Agassiz, Contr. Nat. Hist. U.S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 436 

type: geographica 

MAP-TURTLES 

Graptemys geographica (Le Sueur) 
Testudo geographica Le Sueur 

Journ. Ac. Nat. Hist. Phila., Vol. 1, Pt. 1, 1817, p. 86, pi. 5. 
Graptemys geographica Agassiz 

Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 436. 
TYPE locality: Marsh on the border of Lake Erie. 
range: Mississippi Valley north to Iowa, northern Illinois, 
southern Michigan east to Pennsylvania and New York as 
far as Lake Champlain; eastern Tennessee and southwestern 
Virginia, west to southwestern Missouri, eastern Oklahoma and 
northeastern Texas. 

Graptemys pseudogeographica pseudogeographica (Gray) 
Emys pseudogeographica Gray 

Syn. Rept., 1831, p. 31 ("Le Sueur" in synomymy). 
Graptemys pseudogeographica Gray 
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 3, Vol. 12, Sept. 1863, p. 180. 
TYPE locality: Wabash River, New Harmony, Indiana. 
RANGE : Mississippi Valley, east to Alabama and Ohio, north to 
Wisconsin and northern Iowa; west to eastern Kansas and 
Oklahoma. 

Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii (Baur) 
Malacoclemmys kohnii Baur 

Science, N. S., Vol. 16, NoV. 7, 1890, p. 263. 
TYPE locality: Bayou Lafourche, B. Teche, and St. Martins- 
ville, Louisiana. 
range: Gulf strip from Pensacola to eastern Texas. 



118 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Graptemys pseudogeographica oculifera (Baub) 
Malacoclemmys oculifera Baur 

Science, N. S., Vol. 16, Nov. 17, 1890, p. 262. 

TYPE locality: Mandeville, Louisiana. 
RANGE : Southern Louisiana. 

Chrysemys (GENUS) 

Gray, Cat. Tort. Brit. Mus., 1844, p. 27 

type: jyida 

PAINTED TURTLES, SOLDIER TURTLES 

Chrysemys marginata marginata (Agassiz) 
Chrysemys marginata Agassiz 
Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 439, Vol. 2, pi. 1, fig. 6, pi. 5, 
figs 1-4. 

TYPE locality: Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Iowa. 
range : Central lowland, west to the Mississippi and the Missouri, 
north into Wisconsin, Michigan, and northern New York. 

Chrysemys marginata bellii (Gray) 
Emys bellii Gray 

Syn. Kept., 1831, p. 31. 

TYPE LOCALITY : Unkuowu. 

RANGE : Great plains west of the Mississippi, southwest into New 
Mexico and northern Mexico; northwest into Montana, the 
Columbia basin, British Columbia and Vancouver Island; 
northeast into northeastern Minnesota and upper Michigan. 

Chrysemys marginata dorsalis (Agassiz) 
Chrysemys dorsalis Agassiz 
Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 440. 

TYPE locality: Mississippi and Louisiana. 

RANGE : Mississippi Valley north to southern Missouri. 

Chrysemys marginata treleasei (Hurter) 
Chrysemys treleasei Hurter 

Trans. Ac. Sci. St. Louis, Vol. 20, July 28, 1911, p. 255, pi. 23, fig. 3, 

pi. 24 
TYPE locality: St. Clair and Madison Cos., Illinois. 
RANGE : St. Clair and Madison Cos., Illinois. 

Chrysemys picta (Schneider) 
Testudo picta Schneider 
Naturg. Schildkr., 1783, p. 348. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. REPT. 119 

Chrysemys pida Gray 

Cat. Shield Rept. Brit. Mus., Pt. 1, March 8, 1856, p. 32 (part). 
TYPE locality: Unknown, said to have been England. 
RANGE : Eastern North America from New Brunswick to Georgia. 

Pseudemys (GENUS) 

Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1855 (Jan. 22, 1856), p. 197 

type: concinna 

SLIDERS OR COOTERS 

Pseudemys alabamensis Baur 
Pseudemys alabamensis Baur 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 31, July, 1893, p. 224. 
TYPE locality: Mobile Bay, Alabama. 
range : Gulf coast from Florida to Louisiana. 

Pseudemys concinna (Le Conte) 
Testudo concinna Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. New York, Vol. 3, 1830, p. 106. 
Pseudemys concinna Gray 

Cat. Shield Rept. Brit. Mus., Pt. 1, March 8, 1856, p. 34. 
TYPE locality: Rivers of Georgia and Carolina above Augusta 

and Columbia. 
RANGE : Eastern rivers from Georgia to southern Maryland. 

Pseudemys elegans (Wied) 
Emys elegans Wied 

Reise Nord-Amer., Vol. 1, Pt. 4, 1838, p. 213. 
Pseudemys elegans Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 1, 1875, p. 53. 
TYPE locality: New Harmony, Indiana. 

range: Southern Texas and Mississippi basin north to Iowa, 
northern Indiana and Ohio. 

Pseudemys floridana (Le Conte) 
Testudo floridana Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. New York, Vol. 3, 1830, p. 100. 
Pseudemys floridana Baur 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 31, 1893, p. 223. 
TYPE locality: St. John's River, Florida. 
RANGE : Florida into southern Georgia. 

Pseudemys hieroglyphica (Holbrook) 
Emys hieroglyphica Holbrook 
N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 1, 1836, p. 47, pi. 2. 



120 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

Pseudemys hieroglyphica H. Garman 

Bull. Illinois Lab. Nat. Hist., Vol. 3, 1892, p. 231. 
TYPE locality: Cumberland River, Tennessee. 
RANGE : Rivers of southern Appalachians. 

Pseudemys omata nebulosa (Van Denburgh) 
Chrysemys nebulosa Van Denburgh 
Proc. California Ac. Sci., Ser. 2, Vol. 5, 1895, p. 84, pis. 4-6. 
TYPE locality: Los Dolores, abreast of San Jose Island, Lower 

California. 
RANGE : Southern Lower California. 

Pseudemys rubriventris (Le Conte) 
Testudo rubriventris Le Conte 

Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. New York, Vol. 3, 1830, p. 101. 
Pseudemys rubriventris Loennberg 

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 17, Nov. 15, 1894, p. 318. 

type locality: Delaware River, near Trenton, New Jersey. 
RANGE : Atlantic coast from Florida to New Jersey; Plymouth^ 
Massachusetts. 

Pseudemys scripta (Schoepff) 
Testudo scripta Schoepff 

Hist. Testud., Pts. 1-2, 1792, p. 16, pi. 3, figs. 4, 5. 
Pseudemys scripta Jordan 

Man. Vertebr. Anim. North U. S., Ed. 8, 1899, p. 209. 

TYPE locality: Unknown. 
RANGE : Georgia to North Carolina. 

Pseudemys texana Baur 
Pseudemys texana Baur 

Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc, Vol. 31, July, 1893, p. 223. 

TYPE locality: San Antonio, Texas. 

range: Southwestern Missouri, western Arkansas and Texas to 
northeastern Mexico. 

Pseudemys troostii (Holbrook) 
Emys troostii Holbrook 

N. Amer. Herp., Ed. 1, Vol. 1, 1836, p. 55, pi. 4. 
Pseudemys troostii Cope 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 1, 1875, p. 53. 
TYPE locality: Cumberland River, Tennessee. 
RANGE : Mississippi Valley, north to northern Missouri and 
southern Indiana. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 121 

Deirochelys (GENUS) 

Agassiz, Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 441 

type: reticulata = reticularia 

Deirochelys reticularia (Latreille) 
CHICKEN TURTLE 

Testvdo reticularia Latreille 

Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 1, 1802, p. 124. 
Deirochelys reticularia Gray 

Suppl. Cat. Shield Rept. Brit. Mus., Pt. 1, 1870, p. 39 (part). 
TYPE locality: Carolina. 

kange : Coastal Plain from Beaufort, North Carolina to and in- 
cluding the Mississippi alluvial plain; south to central Florida. 

Gopherus (GENUS) 

Rafinesque, Atlantic Journ., Vol. 1, No. 2, 1832, p. 64 

type: polyphemus 

gopher-turtles 

Gopherus agassizii (Cooper) 

Xerohates agassizii Cooper 

Proc. California Ac. Sci., Vol. 2, 1863, p. 120. 
Gopherus agassizii Stejneger 

N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, p. 161. 
type locality: Mountains near Ft. Mojave, California. 
range : Deserts of southwestern Arizona, and southeastern Cali- 
fornia into Nevada. 

Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz) 
Xerohates berlandieri Agassiz 

Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 447, Vol. 2, pi. 3, figs. 17-19. 
Gopherus berlandieri Stejneger 
N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, p. 161. 
type locality: Lower Rio Grande, Texas. 
range : Southwestern corner of Texas into northeastern Mexico. 

Gopherus polyphemus (Daudin) 
Testudo polyphemus Daudin 

Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 2, 1803, p. 256. 
Gopherus polyphemus Stejneger 
N. Amer. Fauna, No. 7, May 31, 1893, p. 161. 
TYPE locality: Savanna and Altamaha Rivers, Georgia. 
RANGE : Coast from southern South Carolina to Florida and the 
Mississippi River north into southern Arkansas. 



122 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

CHELONIIDAE (FAMILY) 

Cheloma (GENUS) 

Latbeille, Hist. Nat. Rept., Vol. 1, 1802, p. 22 

type: mydas 

GREEN-TURTLES 

Chelonia agassizii Bocourt 
Chelonia agassizii Bocourt 
Ann. Sci. Nat., Ser. 5, Zool., Vol. 10, Pts. 1-3, 1868, p. 122. 

type locality: Guatemala, mouth of Nagualate in the Pacific. 
RANGE : Pacific Ocean, north to coasts of Lower California and 
southern California. 

Chelonia mydas (Linnei) 
Testvdo mydas Linn:^ 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 197. 
Chelonia mydas Schweigger 

Konigsberg. Arch. Naturw. Math., Vol. 1, 1812, Pt. 3, p. 412. 

TYPE locality: Ascension Island, etc. 

RANGE : Atlantic Ocean; Gulf of Mexico, occasionally as far north 
as Massachusetts. 

Eretmochelys (GENUS) 
FiTziNGER, Syst. Rept., 1843, p. 30 

type: imbricata 
SHELL-TURTLES, HAWKS-BILLS 

Eretmochelys imbricata (Linn^) 
Testudo imbricata Linn6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 350. 
Eretmx)chelys imbricata Agassiz 

Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 381. 
TYPE locality: American Seas. 

range: Florida and GuK coasts; occasionally as far north as 
Massachusetts. 

Eretmochelys squamosa (Girard) 
Caretta squamosa Girard 

Herpet. U. S. Expl. Exped., 1858, p. 442, pi. 30, figs. 1-7 
Eretmochelys squamosa Stejneger 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 58, 1907, p. 511. 
type locality: Sulu Seas and Indian Ocean. 
range : Pacific Ocean; coast of Lower California. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 123 

Caretta (GENUS) 

Rafinebque, Specchio Sci. (Palermo), Vol. 2, No. 9, 1 Sept., 1814, p. 66 
type: nasuta = caretta 

LOGGERHEAD TURTLES 

Caretta caretta (Linne) 
Testudo caretta Linne 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, Vol. 1, 1758, p. 197. 
Caretta caretta Stejneger 

Ann. Rep. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1902 (1904), p. 715. 
TYPE locality: "About the American Islands.** 
RANGE : Atlantic Ocean, breeding as far north as Beaufort, North 
Carolina; north occasionally to coast of Massachusetts. 

Caretta kempii (Garman) 
BASTARD-TURTLE 

Thalassochelys (Colpochelys) kempii Garman v. 

Bull. Mus. Comp. ZooL, Vol. 6, 1880, p. 123. 
Caretta kempii Siebenrock 

Zool. Jahrb. Suppl., Vol. 10, Pt. 3, 1909, p. 551. 

TYPE locality: Gulf of Mexico. 

RANGE : Northeastern part of Gulf of Mexico north to Cape Hat- 
teras, and accidentally to the coast of Massachusetts. 

Caretta olivacea (Eschscholtz) 
Chelonia olivacea Eschscholtz 

Zool. Atlas, Pt. 1, 1829, p. 2, pi. 3. 
Caretta olivacea Rueppell 

Neue Wirbelth. Abyssin., Amph., 1835, p. 7. 

TYPE locality: Manila Bay, P. I. 

RANGE : Tropical Pacific straggling to the California coast. 



DERMOCHELIDAE (FAMILY) 

Dermochelys (GENUS) 

Blainville, Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, 1816, p. Ill bis (= 119) 
type: coriacea 

Dermochelys coriacea (Linn^) 
Testudo coriacea Linn]6 

Syst. Nat., Ed. 12, Vol. 1, 1766, p. 350. 
Dermochelys coriacea Boulenger 
Cat. Chel. Brit. Mus., 1889, p. 10. 



124 STEJNEGER AND BARBOUR, 1917 

TYPE locality: Mediterranean Sea. 

range: Atlantic Ocean; occasionally on entire coast as far north 
as Maine. 

Dermochelys schlegelii (Garman) 
Sphargis coriacea var. schlegelii Garman 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 25, 1884, p. 303. 
Dermochelys schlegelii Stejneger 

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., No. 58, 1907, p. 485. 

TYPE locality: Tropical Pacific and Indian Ocean. 
RANGE : Tropical Pacific Ocean; coasts of Lower California and 
Southern California. 



TRIONYCHIDAE (FAMILY) 

Amyda (GENUS) 

Oken, Lehrb. Zool., Vol. 2, 1816, p. 348 
type: euphratica 

SOFT^SHELLED TURTLES 

Amyda emoryi (Agassiz) 
Aspidonectes emoryi Agassiz 

Contr. Nat. Hist. XT. S., Vol. 1, 1857, p. 407, Vol. 2, pi. 6, figs. 4, 5. 

TYPE locality: Rio Grande River, near Brownsville, Texas. 
range: Rivers of Texas, north into southern Oklahoma and 
Arkansas. 

Amyda ferox (Schneider) 
Testudo ferox Schneider 

Naturg. Schildkr., 1783, p. 330. 
Amyda ferox Oken 

Lehrb. ZooL, Vol. 2, 1816, p. 348. 
type locality: Savanna River, Georgia. 
RANGE : South Carolina to Florida and Louisiana. 

Amyda mutica (Le Sueur) 
Trionyx muticus Le Sueur 

Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 15, Dec. 1827, p. 263, pi. 7. 
Amyda mutica Agassiz 

Contr. Nat. Hist. U. S., 1857, Vol. 1, p. 399. 
TYPE locality: Wabash River at New Harmony, Ind. 
RANGE : Middle and Northern tributaries of the Mississippi and 
St. Lawrence Rivers. 



CHECK LIST N. AMER. AMPH. KEPT. 125 

Amyda spinifera (Le Sueur) 
Trionyx spiniferus Le Sueur 

Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Vol. 15, Dec. 1827, p. 258, pi. 6. 
Amyda spinifera Hurter 

Trans. Ac. Sci. St. Louis, Vol. 20, 1911, p. 251. 
TYPE locality: Wabash River at New Harmony, Indiana. 
range: Mississippi River and tributaries west to Colorado, 
north to Montana; St. Lawrence River and tributaries; east 
to Vermont, western New York and Pennsylvania. 



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