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Full text of "Chemical tables"

CHEMICAL TABLES 



BY 



STEPHEN P. SHARPLES, S.B. 

M 



wiwiftsrrr j 

.CAUFQ 



CAMBRIDGE: 
SEVER AND FRANCIS, 

BOOKSELLERS TO THE CNIVERSITV. 

1866. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1866, by 

S. P. 8HARPLES, 
in the Clerk s Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts. 



-3 i 



UNIVERSITY PRESS: WELCH, BIGELOW, & Co., 
CAMBRIDGE. 



PREFACE 



THE following work was undertaken at the suggestion of Dr. Wolcott 
Gibbs, and has been executed under his immediate supervision. No labor 
has been spared to render the collection of tables as complete as possible, 
and to insure perfect accuracy in the figures. In all cases the tables have 
been taken from the original sources, or have been carefully compared 
with them. The tables on pages 94-99, 100-108, are new, and have 
been computed expressly for this work : the logarithms at the end of the 
volume are taken from the well-known five-figure table of August. 

Many tables have been introduced, which are not in common use in the 
laboratory. This has been done partly for the sake of completeness, but 
principally because the progress of science continually brings the physical 
and chemical properties of bodies into closer relations with each other. 
Thus the researches of Landolt have recently shown that the chemical 
constitution of a mixture or compound may, in many cases, be deduced 
with accuracy from its optical properties alone. 

The tables usually found in works on chemistry, giving the vapor densi 
ties of bodies referred to air taken as unity, have been omitted in this 
work, for the reason that it is always more convenient to refer gases 
and vapors to hydrogen as the unit of density as well as of weight and 
volume, and the vapor density is then very simply and directly related to 
the atomic weight. 

The table of wave lengths on page 148 will be found convenient for use 
in connection with KirchhofTs chart of the spectrum. With its assistance 
the wave length of any observed line may be determined with sufficient 
accuracy by the ordinary methods of interpolation. 

The Editor will be greatly obliged for any criticisms or suggestions 
which may enable him to render the work more perfect in case it should 
pass to a second edition. 

S. P. S. 

LAWRENCE SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL, 
Cambridge, June, 1866. 



CONTENTS. 



PAOB 

ELEMENTS, their Equivalents and Logarithms 5 

Atomic and Molecular Weights of the Elements 7 

Formulas, Equivalents, and Per Cents of the Constituents of Compounds . 9 

Factors for Analysis 20 

Formulas for Indirect Estimation 23 

Factors for Soda, Potassa, and Binoxide of Manganese .... 24 
Table of Per Cents of Chlorine and Binoxide of Manganese . . .25 

" " Chlorine in Cloride of Lime .... 26 
Specific Gravity of the Elements 29 

" " frequently occurring Combinations .... 30 

Ammonia, Per Cent of, in Solution 35 

Potassa " " 36 

Soda " " " 36 

Sulphuric Acid, Specific Gravity of 37 

" * Table for diluting . .38 

Nitric Acid, Specific Gravity of 39 

Hydrochloric Acid, Specific Gravity of 40 

Acetic Acid " " 41 

Alcohol, Per Cent of, in dilute Spirits by Weight 42 

Volume 43 

" Table for diluting by Volume 44 

Weight 45 

Salt, Per Cent of common, in Solutions 46 

Specific and Atomic Heat of the Elements 51 

Specific Heats of some of the most common Substances . . . .52 

Latent Heat of Vaporization 53 

Specific Heat of Bodies in solid, liquid, and gaseous states . . .54 

" " Gases and Vapors 56 

" " Water and Latent Heat of Vapor of Water . . .57 

Total Heat of Vaporization 57 

Linear Expansion of Solid Bodies 58 

Cubical " " " 60 



VI CONTENTS. 

Expansion of a Glass Vessel 61 

" Glass 62 

" " Mercury 63 

Thermometers, Comparison of Air and Mercury 64 

Centigrade and Fahrenheit . . .65 

" " Fahrenheit and Centigrade ... 66 

Expansions and Boiling-Points of Liquids 68 

Elevation of Boiling-Point, by Solution of Salts 72 

Volume of Water at different Temperatures 72 

Tension of Vapor of Alcohol 74 

Ether 75 

" " Bisulphide of Carbon 75 

" " Chloroform 76 

Benzine 76 

" " Chloride of Carbon 76 

Ethyl . - 77 

" " Bromide " 77 

" " Iodide " 77 

Wood Spirit 78 

" " Acetone 78 

" " Bromide of Ethylene 78 

Chloride of Silicon 79 

" " Tef chloride Of Phosphorus 79 

Boron 79 

" " Chloride of Cyanogen 80 

" " Oil of Turpentine 80 

" " Sulphur 1 80 

" w Sulphurous Acid 81 

" Oxide of Methyl 81 

Clorideof " 81 

" " Ammonia 81 

** Sulphuretted Hydrogen 82 

* " Carbonic Acid 82 

" " Protoxide of Nitrogen 82 

Heat Units evolved by combination of Elements 83 

Combustion in Oxygen 84 

" Action of Bromine and Iodine . . . .85 

Chlorine 86 

" Combination of Acids and Bases . . . .86 

Formulas for Weights and Volumes and Densities of Gases ... 89 

Physical Properties of Gases 93 

Logarithms of ^ fromA = l to A = 699 94 

." ". h = 700. to h ~ 780.9 . 98 



CONTENTS. Vii 

Logarithms of j-^-^J^yy from ^=0.1 to < = 350.9 . . . .100 

Tension of Vapor of Water from 32 to + 320 . . . . 109 

" " for each ^ of a degree from 85 to 101 . Ill 

" 10 to +35 112 

" " Mercury 114 

, , , - 0.0012562 

Tabl60f (14-0.003670760 115 

0.0012932 

......... 116 



760(1-1-0.003670 

_ 0.00367 

1 + 0.00367 < 

Examples of the Use of Table for Redaction of a Barometer to . . 123 
Reduction of Barometer with Glass Scale to C. . . . . 124 

" Brass Scale " 132 

"Water Pressure to Mercury Pressure . . . . 133 

Correction of Barometrical Column for Capillarity 134 

Coefficients of Absorption of Gases 136 

Estimation of Weight of Gases from their Volumes . . . .140 

Formulas for Use of Tables relating to Light 147 

Wave Lengths 148, 149 

Indices of Refraction 150 

" of Essential Oils 154 

" " of Hydrocarbons of Essential Oils . . . 156 

Solubilities of some of the more common Precipitates . . . .161 

French Weights and Measures 163 

English and French Weights and Measures compared . . . .164 
Table of Logarithms 167 



TABLES 



FOR THE 



CALCULATION OF ANALYSES. 




TABLE 

OF THE ELEMENTS AND THEIR EQUIVALENTS. 



Element. 


Symbol. 


Equiva 
lent. 


Log. 


Remarks. 


Aluminum 


Al 


13.75 


1.138303 




Antimony 


Sb 


120.00 


2.079181 


122 Dexter, 120.3 Schneider. 


Arsenic 


As 


75.00 


1.875061 




Barium 


Ba 


68.50 


1.835691 


68.59 Marignac. 


Bismuth 


Bi 


208.00 


2.318063 




Boron 


B 


11.00 


.041393 


11.04 Berzelius. 


Bromine 


Br 


80.00 


.903090 


79.97 Marignac. 


Cadmium 


Cd 


56.00 


.748188 




Caesium 


Cs 


133.00 


.123852 




Calcium 


Ca 


20.00 


.301030 




Carbon 


C 


6.00 


.778151 




Cerium 


Ce 


46.00 


.662758 




Chlorine 


Cl 


35.50 


.550228 


35.46 Marignac. 


Chromium 


Cr 


26.00 


.414973 


26.24 Berlin, Peligot. 


Cobalt 


Co 


30.00 


.477121 




Copper 


Cu 


31.75 


.501744 


31.73 Erdmann & Marchand. 


Didymium 


D 


48.00 


1.681241 




Erbium 


E 


56.30 


1.750508 




Fluorine 


F 


19.00 


1.278754 




Glucinum 


G 


4.66 


0.668386 




Gold 


Au 


197.00 


2.294466 


196.67 Berzelius. 


I I ydrogen 


H 


1.00 


0.000000 




Indium 


In 


37.00 


1.568202 




Iodine 


I 


127.00 


2.103804 




Indium 


Ir 


98.00 


1.991226 




Iron 


Fe 


28.00 


1.447158 




Lanthanum 


La 


47.00 


1.672098 


46.4 Holzmann. 


Lead 


Pb 


103.50 


2.014940 


103.57 Berzelius. 


Lithium 


L 


7.00 


0.845098 


6.95 Mallet. 


Magnefluon 


Mg 


12.00 


1.079181 


[Hauer. 


Manganese 


Mn 


27.00 


1.431364 


27.57 Berzelius, 27.5 Von 


Mercury 


Hg 


100.00 


2.000000 


100.05 Erdmann & Marchand. 


Molybdenum 


Mo 


46.00 


1.662758 




Nickel 


Ni 


29.00 


1.462398 




Niobium 


Nb 


94.00 


1.973128 


When NbO 6 = Niobic acid. 


Nitrogen 


N 


14.00 


1.146128 





THE ELEMENTS AND THEftl EQUIVALENTS. 



Element. 


Symbol. 


Equiva 
lent. 


Log. 


Remarks. 


Osmium 


Os 


97.00 


1.986772 


99.82 Fremy. 


Oxygen 


O 


8.00 


0.903090 




Palladium 


Pd 


53.20 


.725912 


53.24 Berzelius. 


Phosphorus 


P 


31.00 


.491362 




Platinum 


Pt 


99.00 


.995635 


98.94 Andrews. 


Potassium 


K 


39.00 


.591065 


39.11 Marignac. 


Rhodium 


R 


52.00 


.716003 


52.16 Berzelius. 


Rubidium 


Rb 


85.40 


.931458 




Ruthenium 


Ru 


52.00 


.716003 




Selenium 


Se 


39.50 


.596597 


39.41 Erdmann & Marchand. 


Silicon 


Si 


14.00 


.146128 


When Silicic acid = SiO 2 . 


Silver 


Ag 


108.00 


.033424 




Sodium 


NS 


23.00 


.361728 


[louze. 


Strontium 


Sr 


43.75 


.640978 


43.67 Stromeyer, 43.85 Pe- 


Sulphur 


S 


16.00 


.204120 




Tantalum 


Ta 


172.00 


2.235528 


When Tantalic acid = TaO 5 . 


Tellurium 


Te 


64.00 


1.806180 


64.14 Berzelius. 


Thallium 


Tl 


204.00 


2.309630 




Thorium 


Th 


118.00 


2.071882 


When Thoria = ThO a . 


Tin 


Sn 


58.00 


1.763428 




Titanium 


Ti 


25.00 


1.397940 




Tungsten 


W 


92.00 


1.963788 




Uranium 


U 


60.00 


1.778151 




Vanadium 


V 


68.50 


1.835691 


68.54 Berzelius. 


Yttrium 


Y 


30.85 


1.489255 




Zinc 


Zn 


32.50 


1.511883 


32.52 Axel, Erdmann. 


Zirconium 


Zr 


44.80 


1.651278 


When Zirconia = ZrO 2 . 



THE ELEMENTS ARRANGED IN NATURAL GROUPS. 



TABLE 



GIVING THE ELEMENTS ARRANGED IN NATURAL GROUPS; WITH 
THEIR MOLECULAR AND ATOMIC WEIGHTS. 

1. Monatomic Elements, or Elements usually equivalent to 1 Atom 
of Hydrogen. 



Element. 


Atomic 
Weight. 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Element. 


Atomic 
Weight. 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Bromine 


80.00 


160.00 


Lithium 


7.00 


14.00 


Chlorine 


35.50 


71.00 


Potassium 


39.00 


78.00 


Caesium 


133.00 


266.00 


Rubidium 


85.40 


170.80 


Fluorine 


19.00 


38.00 


Silver 


108.00 


216.00 


Gold 


197.00 


394.00 


Sodium 


23.00 


46.00 


Hydrogen 


1.00 


2.00 


Thallium 


204.00 


408.00 


Iodine 


127.00 


254.00 









2. Diatomic Elements, or Elements usually equivalent to 2 Atoms 
of Hydrogen. 



Element. 


Atomic 
Weight. 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Element. 


Atomic 
Weight. 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Oxygen 


16.00 


32.00 


Indium ? 


74.00 


148.00 


Sulphur 


32.00 


64.00 


Cobalt 


60.00 


120.00 


Selenium 


79.00 


158.00 


Nickel 


58.00 


116.00 


Tellurium 


128.00 


256.00 


Cadmium 


112.00 


224.00 


Calcium 


40.00 


80.00 


Copper 


63.50 


127.00 


Barium 


137.00 


274.00 


Mercury 


200.00 


400.00 


Strontium 


87.50 


175.00 


Cerium 


92.00 


184.00 


Lead 


207.00 


414.00 


Didymium 


96.00 


192.00 


Iron 


56.00 


112.00 


Lanthanum 


94.00 


188.00 


Manganese 


54.00 


108.00 


Yttrium 


61.70 


123.40 


Chromium 


52.00 


104.00 


Erbium 


112.60 


225.20 


Aluminum 


27.50 


55.00 


Glucinum 


9.32 


18.64 


Zinc 


65.00 


130.00 


Uranium 


120.00 


240.00 


Magnesium 


24.00 


48.00 









3. Triatomic Elements, or Elements usually equivalent to 3 Atoms 
of Hydrogen. 



Element. 


Atomic 
Wcifht 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Element. 


Atomic 
Weight. 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Nitrogen 
Phosphorus 
Arsenic 
Antimony 
Bismuth 


14.00 
31.00 

75.00 
120.00 
208.00 


28.00 
121.00 
300.00 
480.00 
832.00 


Boron 
Molybdenum ? 
Tungsten ? 
Vanadium ? 


11.00 
92.00 
184.00 
137.00 


9 

y 
? 
? 



THE ELEMENTS ARRANGED IN NATURAL GROUPS. 



4. Tetratomic Elements, or Elements usually equivalent to 4 Atoms 
of Hydrogen. 



Element. 


Atomic 
Weight. 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Element. 


Atomic 
Weight. 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Carbon 
Silicon 
Zirconium 
Thorium 
Tin 
Titanium 


12.00 
28.00 
89.60 
236.00 
116.00 
50.00 


24.00 ? 
56.00? 
179.20? 
472.00? 
232.00? 
100.00? 


Osmium 
Palladium 
Platinum 
Iridium 
Rhodium 
Ruthenium 


194.00 
106.40 
198.00 
196.00 
104.00 
104.00 


388.00 ? 
212.80? 
396.00? 
392.00 ? 
208.00 ? 
208.00? 



5. Pentalomic Elements, or Elements usually equivalent to 5 Atoms 
of Hydrogen. 



Element. 


Atomic 
Weight. 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Element. 


Atomic 

Wright. 


Molecular 
Weight. 


Tantalum 


344.00 


688.00? 


Niobium 


198.00 


396.00? 



CHEMICAL COMBINATIONS. 



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CHEMICAL COMBINATIONS. 



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CHEMICAL COMBINATIONS. 



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CHEMICAL COMBINATIONS. 



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FACTORS. 



TABLE 

OF FACTORS FOR THE REDUCTION OF THE SUBSTANCE FOUND 
IN ANALYSIS TO THE ONE SOUGHT. 

The weight found multiplied by the factor gives the weight of the substance 

sought. 

FRESENIUS S ANALYSIS. 



Element. 


Found. 


Sought. 


Factor. 


Aluminum 


ALO. 


AL 


0.5340 


Ammonium 


NH 4 C1 


NH, 


0.3178 




NH.C1 


NH 4 


0.3365 




NH 4 Cl,PtCl a 


NH 3 


0.0760 


Antimony 


NH 4 Cl,PtCl a 

SbO, 


NH 4 O 

Sb 


0.1163 
0.8335 




SbS 3 


Sb 


0.7143 




SbO 4 


Sb 


0.7896 




Sb0 4 


Sb0 8 


0.9474 


Arsenic 


AsO 3 


As 


0.7576 




As0 5 


As 


0.6522 




As(X 


AsO 3 


0.8609 




AsS 3 


As 


0.6098 




AsS 3 


AsO 3 


0.8049 




AsS 3 


AsO 5 


0.9349 


Barium 


2MgO,NH 4 0,As0 6 + HO 
2M<rO,NH 4 0,As0 6 -fHO 
BaO 


AsO r 
As0 3 
Ba 


0.6053 
0.5211 
0.8955 




BaO, SO, 


BaO 


0.6567 




BaFl, SiFL 


BaO 


0.5484 


Bismuth 


BiO, 


Bi 


0.8965 


Boron 


BO, 3 


B 


0.3143 


Bromine 


AcBr 


Br 


0.4255 


Cadmium 


CdO 


Cd 


0.8750 


Caesium 


CsCl 


Cs 


0.7893 




CsO,S0 3 


CsO 


0.7790 


Calcium 


CaO 


Ca 


0.7143 




CaO, S0 3 


CaO 


0.4118 




CaO, CO 2 


CaO 


0.5600 


Carbon 


CO 
CaO, CO, 


C 

CO S 


0.2727 
0.4400 


Cerium 


Ce 3 4 


Ce 


0.8118 


Chlorine 


AgCl 


Cl 


0.2474 




AgCl 


IIC1 


0.2537 


Chromium 


Cr 2 3 


Cr 


0.6842 



FACTORS. 



21 



Element. 


Found. 


Sought. 


Factor. 


Chromium 


Cr 2 3 


CrO 3 


0.6579 




PbO, Cr0 3 


Cr0 3 


0.3096 


Cobalt 


Co 


CoO 


1.2667 




CoO, S0 3 


CoO 


0.4872 


Copper 


CuO 


Cu 


0.7987 


Didymium 
Erbium 


CuJ3 

DO 
ErO 


Cu 
D 

Er 


0.7987 
0.8571 
0.8756 


Fluorine 


CaF 


F 


0.4872 




SiF, 


F 


0.7308 


Glucinum 


GO 


G 


0.3681 


Hydrogen 


HO 


H 


0.1111 


Indium 


InS 


In 


0.6981 


Iodine 


Agl 


I 


0.5404 




Pdl 


I 


0.7042 


Iron 


Fe 2 3 


Fe 


0.7000 




Fe 2 3 


FeO 


0.9000 


Lanthanum 


LaO 


La 


0.8545 


Lead 


PbO 


Pb 


0.9283 




PbO, SO. 


Pb 


0.6832 




PbCl 


Pb 


0.7446 




PbS 


Pb 


0.8661 


Lithium 


3LO,PO 5 


LO 


0.3879 




LCI 


L 


0.1647 


Magnesium 


MgO 


Mg 


0.6000 




M^O, SO, 


MgO 


0.3333 




2MgO, PO 6 


MgO 


0.3604 


Manganese 


MnO 


Mn 


0.7714 




Mn 2 O 3 


MnO 


0.8973 




Mn 3 O 4 


MnO 


0.9292 




MnO, S0 3 


MnO 


0.4667 




2MnO, PO S 


MnO 


0.4965 


Mercury 


Hg 


Hg 2 O 


1.0400 






HgO 


1.0800 




Hg 2 Cl 

HgS 


H g 


0.8492 
0.8621 


Molybdenum 
Nickel 


MoO 3 
NiO 


Mo 

Ni 


0.6571 

0.7838 


Niobium 
Nitrogen 


NbO, 

NH 4 C1, PtCL 


Nb 
N 


0.7015 
0.0627 




Pt 


N 


0.1414 


Oxygen 


AgC 2 N 
|g>. 


CJST 
HON 



0.1941 
0.2015 
0.4660 




SbO 3 





0.1665 




AsO 3 





0.2424 




As0 5 


O 


0.3478 



22 



FACTORS. 



Element. 


Found. 


Sought. 


Factor. 


Oxygen 


BaO 


o 


0.1045 




BiO 3 


o 


0.1035 




CdO 


o 


0.1250 




CaO 





0.2857 




Cr 2 3 


o 


0.3158 




CuO 





0.2012 




HO 





0.8889 




Fe 8 8 


o 


0.3000 




FeO 





0.2222 




PbO 


o 


0.0717 




MgO 





0.4000 




MnO 


o 


0.2286 




Mn,O 4 





0.2832 




Mn 2 3 


o 


0.3077 




MnO a 


o 


0.3721 




Mn0 3 





0.4706 




Mn 2 O T 
HgO T 


o 




0.5091 
0.0741 




H&O 


o 


0.0385 




KO 


o 


0.1706 




SiO 2 
AgO 






0.5333 
0.0690 




NaO 


o 


0.2581 




SrO 





0.1546 




SnO 


o 


0.2162 




ZnO 





0.1976 


Potassium 


KO 


K 


0.8294 




KO, SO 3 


KO 


0.5402 




KO,NO 6 


KO 


0.4654 




KC1 


KO 


0.6309 




KC1 


K 


0.6235 




KC1, PtCL 


KO 


0.1922 




KC1, PtCL 


KC1 


0.3047 


Rubidium 


RbCl 


RbO 


0.7725 




RbO 


Rb 


0.9143 


Silicon 


Si0 2 


Si 


0.4667 


Silver 


AgCi 


Ag 


0.7526 




AgCl 


AgO 


0.8084 


Sodium 


NaO 


Na 


0.7419 




NaO, S0 3 


NaO 


0.4366 




NaO,N0 5 


NaO 


0.3647 




NaCl 


NaO 


0.5299 




NaCl 


Na 


0.3922 




NaO, C0 2 


NaO 


0.5849 


Strontium 


SrO 


Sr 


0.8454 




SrO, SO, 


SrO 


0.5640 




SrO, C0 2 


SrO 


0.7015 



FACTORS. 



23 



Element. 


Found. 


Sought. 


Factor. 


Sulphur 


BaO, S0 8 


S 


0.1372 




BaO, SO 8 


S0 3 


0.3433 


Tantalum 


AsS 3 
Ta0 6 


S 
Ta 


0.3902 
0.8113 


Thallium 


T1S 


Tl 


0.9272 


u 


Til 


Tl 


0.6163 


Thorium 


ThO, 


Th 


0.8788 


Tin 


Sn0 3 


Sn 


0.7838 




SnO, 


SnO 


0.8919 


Titanium 


TiO, 


Ti 


0.6098 


Tungsten 
Yttrium 


wo. 

YO 


W 
Y 


0.7143 
0.7941 


Zinc 


ZnO 


Zn 


0.8024 


Zirconium 


ZrO, 


Zr 


0.8485 



FORMULAS FOR INDIRECT ESTIMATION. 

1. Estimation of Sulphates of Potassium and Sodium. 
9.65158 A 4.43751 S 



N 

K=S N 



S = weight of both Sulphates 
K = weight of KO, SO 3 
N = weight of NaO, SO S 
A = weight of SO,. 



2. Estimation of Potassium and Sodium from the Chlorides. 

K = 2.4375 S 4.01672 A S = weight of both Chlorides 

A = weight of Chlorine 
N = weight of Sodium 
K = weight of Potassium. 



3. Carbonates of Lime and Strontia. 

Ca = 7.0574 A 2.10526 S S = weight of both Carbonates 
Sr = S Ca A = weight of Carbonic Acid 

Ca = weight of Carbonate of Lime 
Sr = weight of Carbonate of Strontia. 



24 



TABLE OP FACTORS. 



TABLE OF FACTORS. 



FOR SODA, POTASSA, AND BINOXIDE OF MANGANESE. 



The weight of the substance found multiplied ly the factor gives the weight 
of the substance sought. 



Found. 


Sought. 


Factor. 


Soda. 


co a 


NaO 


1.4091 


u 


NaO, HO 


1.8182 


u 


NaO, CO 2 


2.4091 


n 
NaO 


NaO,CO f -f 10HO 

NaO, HO 


6.5000 
1.2903 


U 
11 


NaO, CO, 
NaO,CO a +10HO 


1.7097 
4.6129 


Potassa. 


C0 2 


KO 


2.1363 


u 


KO, HO 


2.5450 


M 


KO, C0 2 


3.1363 


KO 


KO,IIO 


1.1915 


14 


KO, CO a 


1.4681 


Manganese. 


CO a I MnO a 


0.9773 



CHLORINE AND BINOXJDE OF MANGANESE. 



25 



TABLE 



Giving the corresponding per cents of Chlorine and Binoxide of Man 
ganese, from the amount of Sulphate of Iron Peroxidized, when 
5 grammes of Black Oxide of Manganese and 31.9 grammes of Sul 
phate of Iron are taken for testing. 



OTTO S LEIIRBCCII. 



ill 
fi* 

ill 

fH 


Decigrammes used 
of Sulphate of 
Iron. 


Per cent of Bin- 
oxide contained 
in the Mangan 
ese. 


Per cent of Chlo 
rine liberated by 
the Manganese. 


Decigram men re 
maining of Sul 
phate of Iron. 


Derigrnmin caused 
of Sulphate of 
Iron. 


Por cent of TMn- 
oxide contained 
in the Mangan 
ese. 


Per cent of Chlo 
rine liberated by 
the Manganese. 





319 


100 


81.3 


98 


221 


69 


56.3 


3 


316 


99 


80.6 


102 


217 


68 


55.3 


6 


313 


98 


79.8 


105 


214 


67 


54.5 


9 


310 


97 


79.0 


108 


211 


66 


53.8 


12 


307 


96 


78.2 


111 


208 


65 


53.0 


15 


304 


95 


77.4 


115 


204 


64 


52.0 


18 


301 


94 


76.5 


118 


201 


63 


51.2 


22 


297 


63 


75.7 


121 


198 


62 


50.5 


25 


294 


92 


75.0 


124 


195 


61 


49.7 


28 


291 


91 


74.3 


127 


192 


60 


48.9 


31 


288 


90 


73.5 


130 


189 


59 


48.2 


34 


285 


89 


72.7 


134 


185 


58 


47.2 


38 


281 


88 


71.6 


137 


182 


57 


46.4 


41 


278 


87 


70.9 


140 


179 


56 


45.6 


44 


275 


86 


70.1 


143 


176 


55 


44.9 


47 


272 


85 


69.3 


147 


172 


54 


43.8 


50 


269 


84 


68.6 


150 


169 


53 


43.1 


53 


266 


83 


67.8 


153 


166 


52 


42.3 


57 


262 


82 


66.8 


156 


163 


51 


41.5 


60 


259 


81 


66.0 


159 


160 


50 


40.8 


63 


256 


80 


65.3 


162 


157 


49 


40.0 


66 


253 


79 


64.5 


165 


154 


48 


39.3 


69 


250 


78 


63.7 


168 


151 


47 


38.5 


73 


246 


77 


62.7 


172 


147 


46 


37.5 


76 


243 


76 


61.9 


175 


144 


45 


36.7 


79 


240 


75 


61.2 


178 


141 


44 


35.9 


82 


237 


74 


60.4 


182 


137 


43 


34.9 


85 


234 


73 


59.6 


185 


134 


42 


34.2 


89 


230 


72 


58.6 


188 


131 


41 


33.4 


92 


227 


71 


57.8 


191 


128 


40 


32.6 


95 


224 


70 


57.1 











26 



CHLORIDE OF LIME. 



TABLE 



Giving the per cent of Chlorine in Chloride of Lime from the number of 
parts it takes to Peroxidize 3.9 grammes of Sulphate of Iron, when 100 
parts of the Solution contain 5 grammes of the Chloride of Lime to be 

. tested. 

(OTTO S LEHRBUCH.) 



Number of 
Parts used of 
the Solution of 
Chloride of 
Lime. 


Per cent 
of Chlorine. 


Number of 
Parts used of 
;he Solution of 
Chloride of 
Liuie. 


Per cent 
of Chlorine. 


Number of 
Parts used of 
the Solution ol 
Chloride of 
Lime. 


Per cent 
of Chlorine. 


31 


32.2 


55 


18.2 


79 


12.7 


32 


31.2 


56 


17.8 


80 


12.5 


33 


30.3 


57 


17.5 


81 


12.3 


34 


29.4 


58 


17.2 


82 


12.2 


35 


28.6 


59 


17.0 


83 


12.0 


36 


27.8 


60 


16.7 


84 


11.9 


37 


27.0 


61 


16.4 


85 


11.7 


38 


26.3 


62 


16.1 


86 


11.6 


39 


25.6 


63 


15.9 


87 


11.5 


40 


25.0 


64 


15.6 


88 


11.3 


41 


24.4 


65 


15.4 


89 


11.2 


42 


23.8 


66 


15.1 


90 


11.1 


43 


23.3 


67 


14.9 


91 


10.9 


44 


22.7 


68 


14.7 


92 


10.8 


45 


22.2 


69 


14.5 


93 


10.7 


46 


21.7 


70 


14.3 


94 


10.6 


47 


21.3 


71 


14.1 


95 


10.5 


48 


20.8 


72 


13.9 


96 


10.4 


49 


20.4 


73 


13.7 


97 


10.3 


50 


20.0 


74 


13.5 


98 


10.2 


51 


19.6 


75 


13.3 


99 


10.1 


52 


19.2 


76 


13.1 


100 


10.0 


53 


18.8 


77 


13.0 






54 


18.5 


78 


12.8 







TABLES 



RELATING TO 



SPECIFIC GRAVITY. 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES OF THE ELEMENTS. 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES OF THE ELEMENTS. 



Element. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Element. 


Specific 
Gravity. 






Palladium 


11-12 


Solids and Liquids. 

Water = 1 at C., 760 m. Barom. 




Phosphorus {$& 


2.089 
1.826 


Aluminum 
Antimony 
Arsenic 
Barium 
Bismuth 


2.670 
6.720 
5.630 
1.850 
9.780 


Platinum 
Potassium 
Rhodium 
Rubidium 
Ruthenium 


20.8-21.74 
0.865 
11.000 
1.520 
11-12 
4.250 


Boron 


2.680 


Selenium i n , J^i j 


4.800 


Bromine 
Cadmium 
Calcium 
( Diamond 
Carbon 4 Graphite 
( Coal of Sugar 
Chromium 
Cobalt 


3.187 
8.604 
1.578 
3.500 
2.200 
2.000 
6.810 
8.950 


Silicon 
Silver 
Sodium 
Strontium 
( Rhombic 
Sulphur -{ Monoclinic 
( Amorphous 
Tantalum 


2.490 
10.570 
0.972 
2.540 
2.070 
1.958 
1.919 
10.780 


Copper 
Glucinum 


8.8-9 
2.100 


Tellurium 
Thallium 


6.650 
11.862 


Gold 


19.340 


Tin 


7.300 


Indium 
Iodine 
Iridium 


7.200 
4.950 
21.800 


Tungsten 
Uranium 
Vanadium 


17.500 
18.400 
3.640 


Iron 


7.840 


Zinc 


7.200 


Lead 


11.330 






Lithium 


0.593 


Gases* 




Magnesium 
Manganese 


1.750 
8.000 


Air = 1 at 03 C., 760 m. Barom. 




Mercury 


13.596 


Chlorine 


2.47000 


Molybdenum 
Nickel 


8.640 
8.900 


Hydrogen 
Nitrogen 


0.06926 
0.97137 


Osmium 


21.400 


Oxygen 


1.10563 



30 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



TABLE 



OF THE SPECIFIC GRAVITIES OF THE MOST FREQUENTLY OCCURRING 
COMBINATIONS. 

BOEDEKER. Supplement zu den Lehrbuchern der Chemie und Mineralogie. 



Name. 


Formula. 


Specifiic 
Gravity. 




Bromides. 


Ammonium, 
Barium 


Bromide 

a 


NH 4 Br 
BaBr 


2.266 
4.230 


u 


" Crystal. 


BaBr 4- 2HO 


3.690 


Mercury 


u 


HgBr 


5.920 


u 


" Sub 


Hf 2 Br 


7.307 


Potassium 


M 


KBr 


2.415 


Silver 


u 


AgBr 


6.273 


Sodium 


H 


NaBr 


3.079 




Chlorides. 


Ammonium, 


Chloride 


NH 4 C1 


1.500 


Barium 


u 


BaCl 


3.800 


u 


" Crystal. 


BaCl 4- 2HO 


3.050 


Calcium 





CaCl 


2.205 


u 


" Crystal. 


CaCl + 6HO 


1.612 


Copper 
Iron 


u 


Cu 2 Cl 
FeCl 


3.680 
2.528 


Lead 





PbCl 


5.540 


Lithium 


u 


LCI 


1.998 


Manganese 


u 


MnCl + 4110 


2.0146 


Mercury 


11 


Hgd 


5.420 


u 


" Sub 




6.990 


Nickel 


u 


NiCl 


2.560 


Potassium 


a 


KC1 


1.950 


Silver 


M 


AgCl 


5.500 


Sodium 


a 


NaCl 


2.160 


Strontium 


" 


SrCl 


2.960 


Tin 


M 


SnCl + 2HO 


2.293 




Iodides. 


Barium, Iodide 


Bal 


4.917 


Copper " 
Lead " 




Cul 
Pbl 


4.410 
6.384 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



31 



Name. 


Formula. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Mercury, Iodide 


Hgl 


6.257 


" Sub 


Hg T 


7.750 


Potassium " 


KI 


3.056 


Silver " 


Agl 


5.614 


Sodium " 


Nal 


3.450 


Oxides. 


Aluminum, Oxide 


A1 2 3 


4.000 


Antimonic Acid 


Sb0 5 


6.525 


Antimonous Acid 


SbO 4 


6.695 


Antimony, Oxide 


Sb0 3 


5.566 


Arsenous Acid 


As0 3 


3.884 


Arsenic " 


AsO, 


3.734 


Barium, Oxide 


BaO 


5.456-4.732 


" " Crystal. 


BaO 4- 9HO 


1.656 


" Hydrate 


BaO, HO 


4.495 


Boric Acid 


B0 3 


1.830 


" " Crystal. 


B0 3 -j- 3HO 


1.479 


Bismuth, Oxide 


Bid, 


8.968 


Cadmium " 


CdO 


8.110 


Calcium " 


CaO 


3.180 


Chromium " 


Cr 2 3 


5.210 


Cobalt 


Co 2 3 


5.600 


Copper " 


Cub 


6.430 


" " Sub 


Cu O 


5.751 


Iron, Protosesquioxide 
" Sesquioxide 


Fe 3 4 
Fe 2 3 


5.185 
5.224 


" Hydrate 
Lead, Oxide 


Fe 2 3 ,HO 
PbO 


3.7-3.9 
9.360 


" " Per 


PbO 2 


9.300 


Magnesium, Oxide 
Manganese " 


MgO 
MnO 


3.200 
4.720 


" " Sesqui 


Mn 2 3 


4.820 


" " Per 
" " Hydrate 
Mercury, Oxide 


MnO 2 
Mn O 3 , HO 
HgO 3 


4.900 
4.328 
11.290 


" " Sub 




8.950 


Molybdenum, Oxide 


Mob. 


5.606 


" " Acid 


MoO 3 


3.460 


Nickel, Oxide 


NiO 


6.660 


" Sesqui 
Potassium, Oxide 


Ni 2 3 
KO 


4.840 
2.656 


Hydrate 


KO,HO 


2.100 


Silicic Acid 


SiO 2 


2.660 


Sodium, Oxide 


NaO 


2.805 


" Hydrate 


NaO,HO 


2.000 



32 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



Name. 


Formula. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Strontium, Oxide 


SrO 


4.611 


" " Crystal 


SrO -}- 9HO 


1.396 


Sulphuric Acid 
Tin, Oxide 


SO 3 
SnO 


1.970 (20) 
6.666 


" " Bin 


SnO 3 


6.720-6.950 


( Anatase 


TiO a 


3.840 


Titanic Acid < Brookite 


TiO a 


4.130 


( Rutile 


TiO a 


4.250 


Tungstic Acid 


wo a 


7.1369 


Uranium, Oxide 


UO 


10.150 


Uranium Protosesquioxide 
Vanadic Acid 


U 3 4 
V0 8 


7.310 
3.510 


Zinc, Oxide 


ZnO 


5.630 


Sulphides. 


Antimony, Tersulphide 


SbS 3 


4.752 


Arsenic " 


AsS a 


3.480 


Bisulphide 


AsS a 


3.544 


Bismuth, Sulphide 
Cadmium " 


BiS 3 
CdS 


7.000 
4.900 


Cobalt " 


Co S 


4.800 


Copper " 


CuS 8 


4.163 


" " Sub 


Cu S 


5.500 


Iron " Bi 


FeS a 


4.65-5.1 


u u 


FeS 


4.400 


Lead " 


PbS 


6.924 


Manganese " 


MnS 


4.000 


" " Bi 


MnS a 


3.463 


Mercury " 


HgS 


8.124 


Molybdenum " 
Nickel 


MoS 2 

NiS 


4.690 
5.650 


Potassium " 


KS 


2.130 


Silver " 


AgS 


6.850 


Sodium " 


NaS 


2.471 


Tin " 


SnS 


4.973 


" " Bi 


SnS a 


4.600 


Zinc " 


ZnS 


3.920 


Borates. 


Borax 


NaO,2BO 3 4- 10IIO 


1.740 


" Anhydrous 


NaO, 2BO 3 


2.600 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



33 



Name. 


Formula. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Carbonates. 


Ammonium, Carbonate 


i>XII 4 0,3CO a , 


1.450 


Barium 


BaO, CO, 


4.300 


Calcium Arragonite CaO, CO, 


2.900 


" Calc-spar 


CaO, CO a 


2.720 


Iron 


FeO, CO, 


3.870 


Lead 


PbO,CO a 


6.400 


Lithium " 


LO, CO 2 


2.110 


IMagnesium " 
Manganese " 


MgO, CO a 
MnO, C0 a 


2.990 
3.55-3.95 


Potassium " 
Sodium " 


KO, CO a 
NaO, CO 2 


2.267 
2.509 


" " Crystal. 


NaO, C0 a -}- 10HO 


1.454 


Strontium " 
Zinc " 


SrO, CO 2 
ZnO, C0 a 


3.600 
4.1-4.5 


Chlorates. 


Barium, Chlorate 


BaO, C10 5 


2.988 


Potassium " 


KO, CIO, 


2.350 


Sodium " 


NaO, C10 5 


2.289 


Silver " 


AgO, C10 6 


4.430 


Chromates. 


Ammonium, Chromate, Bi 
Lead " 


NH 4 0, 2Cr0 3 
PbO, CrO 3 


2.367 
6.100 


Potassium " 


KO, CrO 3 


2.640 


u Bi 


KO, 2Cr0 3 


2.603 


Nitrates. 


Ammonium, Nitrate 
Barium " 


NH 4 0,N0 5 
BaO,NO 6 


1.740 
3.200 


Calcium " 


CaO, N0 5 


2.240 


Lead 


PbO, NO 5 


4.470 


Lithium " 


LO,N0 5 


2.334 


Potassium " 


KO,N0 5 


2.058 


Silver " 


AgO,NO 6 


4.355 


Strontium " 
Sodium " 


SrO,NO 5 
NaO,N0 5 


2.810 
2.200 


Oxalates. 


Ammonium, Oxalate 


NH 4 O, O + 2HO 


1.500 


Potassium " 


KO, + HO 


2.120 


" " Acid 


KO,HO,2O-f 2HO 


2.044 



34 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



Name. 


Formula. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Phosphates. 


Lead, Phosphate 


3PbO, PO 5 


7.208 


Sodium " 
" " Pyro 


2NaO,HO,P0 5 +24HO 
2NaO,PO 5 -j- 10HO 


1.525 
1.836 


Silver " 


3AgO, PO, 


5.306 


u p yro 


2AgO,P0 6 


7.300 


Sulphates. 


Ammonium, Sulphate 
Barium " 


NH 4 0, S0 3 
BaO, SO, 


1.760 
4.500 


Calcium " 


CaO, S0 3 


2.960 


" " Crystal. 


CaO, S0 3 + 2HO 


2.330 


Cobalt " " 


CoO, SO, 4- 7HO 


1.924 


Copper " 


CuO, S0 3 


3.572 


" " Crystal. 


CuO, SO 3 4- 5HO 


2.300 


Iron " 


FeO, S0 3 


2.840 


" " Crystal. 


FeO, SO 3 4- 7HO 


1.8-1.9 


Lead " 


PbO, S0 3 


6.300 


Lithium, Sulphate 


LO, SO 3 


2.210 


" " Crystal. 


LO, SO 8 4- HO 


2.020 


Magnesia " 


MgO,S0 3 


2.600 


" " Crystal. 


MgO, SO 3 4- 7HO 


1.750 


Manganese " 


MnO, S0 3 


8.100 


" " Crystal. 


MnO, SO 3 + 4IIO 


2.090 


Nickel " " 


NiO, S0 8 -f 7HO 


2.040 


Potassium " 


KO, SO 3 


2.660 


" " Acid 


KO,2S0 3 


2.277 


Potassa, Alum 
Silver, Sulphate 


KO, SO,, AL0 3 , 3SO, + 24IIO 
AgO, S0 8 


1.724 
5.400 


Sodium " 


NaO, S0 3 


2.460 


" " Crystal. 
Soda, Alum 
Strontium, Sulphate 


NaO,SO 3 4- 10TIO 
NaO, SO., ALO, 3S0 3 + 24HO 
SrO, SO 3 


1.500 
1.880 
3.925 


Zinc " 


ZnO, S0 8 


3.400 


" Crystal. 


ZnO, SO 8 -f 7HO 


1.9-2.1 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



35 



TABLE 

OF THE PER CENT OF DRY AMMONIA GAS IN A SOLUTION AT 14 C. 
CARIUS. Ann. Ch. u. Pharm. 1856, 99, pp. 163, 164. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Ammonia. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Ammonia. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Ammonia. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Ammonia. 


0.8844 


36 


0.9052 


27 


0.9314 


18 


0.9631 


9 


0.8864 


35 


0.9078 


26 


0.9347 


17 


0.9670 


8 


0.8885 


34 


0.9106 


25 


0.9380 


16 


0.9709 


7 


0.8907 


33 


0.9133 


24 


0.9414 


15 


0.9749 


6 


0.8929 


32 


0.9162 


23 


0.9449 


14 


0.9790 


5 


0.8953 


31 


0.9191 


22 


0.9484 


13 


0.9831 


4 


0.8976 


30 


0.9221 


21 


0.9520 


12 


0.9873 


3 


0.9001 


29 


0.9251 


20 


0.9556 


11 


0.9915 


2 


0.9026 


28 


0.9283 


19 


0.9593 


10 


0.9959 


1 



TABLE 

OF THE PER CENT OF DRY AMMONIA GAS IN A SOLUTION AT 16 C. 
OTTO S LEHRBUCH. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Ammonia. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Ammonia. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Ammonia. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Ammonia. 


0.9517 


12.000 


0.9583 


10.250 


0.9654 


8.375 


0.9726 


6.500 


0.9521 


11.875 


0.9588 


10.125 


0.9659 


8.250 


0.9730 


6.375 


0.9526 


11.750 


0.9593 


10.000 


0.9664 


8.125 


0.9735 


6.250 


0.9531 


11.625 


0.9597 


9.875 


0.9669 


8.000 


0.9740 


6.125 


0.9536 


11.500 


0.9602 


9.750 


0.9673 


7.875 


0.9745 


6.000 


0.9540 


11.375 


0.9607 


9.625 


0.9678 


7.750 


0.9749 


5.875 


0.9545 


11.250 


0.9612 


9.500 


0.9683 


7.625 


0.9754 


5.750 


0.9550 


11.125 


0.9616 


9.375 


0.9688 


7.500 


0.9759 


5.625 


0.9555 


11.000 


0.9621 


9.250 


0.9692 


7.375 


0.9764 


5.500 


0.9556 


10.950 


0.9626 


9.125 


0.9697 


7.250 


0.9768 


5.375 


0.9559 


10.875 


0.9631 


9.000 


0.9702 


7.125 


0.9773 


5.250 


0.9564 


10.750 


0.9636 


8.875 


0.9707 


7.000 


0.9778 


5.125 


0.9569 


10.625 


0.9641 


8.750 


0.9711 


6.875 


0.9783 


5.000 


0.9574 


10.500 


0.9645 


8.625 


0.9716 


6.750 






0.9578 


10.375 


0.9650 


8.500 


0.9721 


6.625 







36 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



TABLE 

OF THE PER CENT OF POTAS8A (KO) IN A SOLUTION AT 15 C. 
TUNNERMANN. Handworterbuch, Bd. IV. pp. 253. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Potassa. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Potassa. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Potassa. 


1.3300 


28.290 


1.1979 


18.671 


1.0819 


8.487 


1.3131 


27.158 


1.1839 


17.540 


1.0703 


7.355 


1.2966 


26.027 


1.1702 


16.408 


1.0589 


6.224 


1.2803 


24.895 


1.1568 


15.277 


1.0478 


5.002 


1.2648 


23.764 


1.1437 


14.145 


1.0369 


3.961 


1.2493 


22.632 


1.1308 


13.013 


1.0260 


2.829 


1.2342 


21.500 


1.1182 


11.882 


1.0153 


1.697 


1.2268 


20.935 


1.1059 


10.750 


1.0050 


0.5658 


1.2122 


19.803 


1.0938 


9.619 







TABLE 

OF THE PER CENT OF SODA (NaO) IN A SOLUTION AT 15 C. 
TUNNERMANN. Handworterbuch, Bd. V. pp. 622. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Soda. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Soda. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Soda. 


1.4285 


30.220 


1.2982 


20.550 


1.1528 


10.275 


1.4193 


29.616 


1.2912 


19.945 


1.1428 


9.670 


.4101 


29.011 


1.2843 


19.341 


1.1330 


9.066 


.4011 


28.407 


1.2775 


18.730 


1.1233 


8.462 


.3923 


27.802 


1.2708 


18.132 


1.1137 


7.857 


.3836 


27.200 


1.2642 


17.528 


1.1042 


7.253 


.3751 


26.594 


1.2578 


16.923 


1.0948 


6.648 


.3668 


25.989 


1.2515 


16.319 


1.0855 


6.044 


.3586 


25.385 


.2453 


15.714 


.0764 


5.440 


.3505 


24.780 


.2392 


15.110 


.0675 


4.835 


.3426 


24.176 


.2280 


14.506 


.0587 


4.231 


.3349 


23.572 


.2178 


13.901 


.0500 


3.626 


.3273 


22.967 


.2058 


13.297 


.0414 


3.022 


.3198 


22.363 


1.1948 


12.692 


1.0330 


2.418 


.3143 


21.894 


1.1841 


12.088 


1.0246 


1.813 


.3125 


21.758 


1.1734 


11.484 


1.0163 


1.209 


.3053 


21.154 


1.1630 


10.879 


1.0081 


0.604 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



37 



TABLE 

OF THE SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF SULPHURIC ACID. 

Calculated by Otto from Bineau s data for the Temperature of 15 C. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Hy 
dra ted 
Acid. 


SO, 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Hy 
dra ted 
Acid. 


S0 3 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Hy- 

drated 
Acid. 


SO, 


1.8426 


100 


81.63 


.5780 


66 


53.87 


1.2390 


32 


26.12 


1.8420 


99 


80.81 


.5570 


65 


53.05 


1.2310 


31 


25.30 


1.8406 


98 


80.00 


.5450 


64 


52.24 


1.2230 


30 


24.49 


1.8400 


97 


79.18 


.5340 


63 


51.42 


1.2150 


29 


23.67 


1.8384 


96 


78.36 


.5230 


62 


50.61 


1.2066 


28 


22.85 


1.8376 


95 


77.55 


.5120 


61 


49.79 


1.1980 


27 


22.03 


1.8356 


94 


76.73 


.5010 


60 


48.98 


1.1900 


26 


21.22 


1.8340 


93 


75.91 


.4900 


59 


48.16 


1.1820 


25 


20.40 


1.8310 


92 


75.10 


.4800 


58 


47.34 


1.1740 


24 


19.58 


1.8270 


91 


74.28 


.4690 


57 


46.53 


1.1670 


23 


18.77 


1.8220 


90 


73.47 


.4586 


56 


45.71 


1.1590 


22 


17.95 


1.8160 


89 


72.65 


.4480 


55 


44.89 


1.1516 


21 


17.14 


1.8090 


88 


71.83 


.4380 


54 


44.07 


1.1440 


20 


16.32 


1.8020 


87 


71.02 


.4280 


53 


43.26 


1.1360 


19 


15.51 


1.7940 


86 


70.10 


.4180 


52 


42.45 


1.1290 


18 


14.69 


1.7860 


85 


69.38 


.4080 


51 


41.63 


1.1210 


17 


13.87 


1.7770 


84 


68.57 


.3980 


50 


40.81 


1.1136 


16 


13.06 


1.7670 


83 


67.75 


.3886 


49 


40.00 


1.1060 


15 


12.24 


1.7560 


82 


66.94 


.3790 


48 


39.18 


1.0980 


14 


11.42 


1.7460 


81 


66.12 


.3700 


47 


38.36 


1.0910 


13 


10.61 


1.7340 


80 


65.30 


.3610 


46 


37.55 


1.0830 


12 


9.79 


1.7220 


79 


64.48 


.3510 


45 


36.73 


1.0756 


11 


8.98 


1.7100 


78 


63.67 


.3420 


44 


35.82 


1.0680 


10 


8.16 


1.6980 


77 


62.85 


.3330 


43 


35.10 


1.0610 


9 


7.34 


1.6860 


76 


62.04 


.3240 


42 


34.28 


.0536 


8 


6.53 


1.6750 


75 


61.22 


.3150 


41 


33.47 


.0464 


7 


5.71 


1.6630 


74 


60.40 


.3060 


40 


32.65 


.0390 


6 


4.89 


1.6510 


73 


59.59 


.2976 


39 


31.83 


.0320 


5 


4.08 


1.6390 


72 


58.77 


.2890 


38 


31.02 


.0256 


4 


3.26 


1.6370 


71 


57.95 


.2810 


37 


30.20 


.0190 


3 


2.445 


1.6150 


70 


57.14 


1.2720 


36 


29.38 


.0130 


2 


1.63 


1.6040 


69 


56.32 


1.2640 


35 


28.57 


.0064 


1 


0.816 


1.5920 


68 


55.59 


1.2560 


34 


27.75 








1.5300 


67 


54.69 


1.2476 


33 


26.94 









38 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



TABLE 

OP THE QUANTITY OF SULPHURIC ACID OF 1.86 SPECIFIC GRAVITY 
TO BE ADDED TO 100 PARTS OF WATER TO PRODUCE AN ACID OF 
A GIVEN SPECIFIC GRAVITY. 



ANTHON. 



Parts 
Acid. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Parts 
Acid. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Parts 
Acid. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


1 


1.009 


130 


1.456 


370 


1.723 


2 


1.015 


140 


1.473 


380 


.727 


5 


1.035 


150 


1.490 


390 


.730 


10 


1.060 


160 


1.510 


400 


.733 


15 


1.090 


170 


1.530 


410 


.737 


20 


1.113 


180 


1.543 


420 


.740 


25 


1.140 


190 


1.556 


430 


.743 


30 


1.165 


200 


1.568 


440 


.746 


35 


1.187 


210 


1.580 


450 


.750 


40 


1.210 


220 


1.593 


460 


.754 


45 


1.229 


230 


1.606 


470 


.757 


50 


1.248 


240 


1.620 


480 


.760 


55 


1.265 


250 


1.630 


490 


.763 


60 


1.280 


260 


1.640 


500 


.766 


65 


1.297 


270 


1.648 


510 


.768 


70 


1.312 


280 


1.654 


520 


.770 


75 


1.326 


290 


1.667 


530 


.772 


80 


1.340 


300 


1.678 


540 


.774 


85 


1.357 


310 


1.689 


550 


.776 


90 


1.372 


320 


1.700 


560 


.777 


95 


1.386 


330 


1.705 


580 


.778 


100 


1.398 


340 


1.710 


590 


1.780 


110 


1.420 


350 


1.714 


600 


1.782 


120 


1.438 


360 


1.719 







SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



TABLE 

OF THE SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF NITRIC ACID AT 15 C. 
URE. Diet. Arts. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
of 
N0 5 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
of 
N0 5 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
of 
N0 5 


.500 


79.7 


1.378 


52.6 


1.190 


26.3 


.498 


78.9 


1.373 


51.8 


1.183 


25.5 


.496 


78.1 


1.368 


51.1 


1.177 


24.7 


.494 


77.3 


.363 


50.2 


1.171 


23.9 


.491 


76.5 


.358 


49.4 


1.165 


23.1 


.488 


75.7 


.353 


48.6 


.159 


22.3 


.485 


74.9 


J.348 


47.8 


.153 


21.5 


.482 


74.1 


.343 


47.0 


.147 


20.7 


.479 


73.3 


.338 


46.2 


.140 


19.9 


.476 


72.5 


.332 


45.4 


.134 


19.1 


.473 


71.7 


.327 


44.6 


.129 


18.3 


.470 


70.9 


.322 


43.8 


.123 


17.5 


.467 


70.1 


.316 


43.0 


.117 


16.7 


.464 


69.3 


.311 


42.2 


.111 


15.9 


.460 


68.5 


.306 


41.4 


.105 


15.1 


.457 


67.7 


.300 


40.6 


.099 


14.3 


.453 


66.9 


.295 


89.9 


.094 


13.5 


.450 


66.2 


.289 


89.1 


.088 


12.7 


.446 


65.3 


.283 


38.3 


.082 


12.0 


.442 


64.6 


.277 


37.5 


.076 


11.2 


.439 


63.8 


.271 


86.7 


.071 


10.4 


.435 


63.0 


.264 


35.9 


.065 


9.6 


.431 


62.2 


.258 


35.1 


.059 


8.8 


.427 


61.4 


.252 


34.3 


.054 


8.0 


.423 


60.6 


1.246 


33.5 


.048 


7.2 


.419 


59.8 


1.240 


82.7 


.043 


6.4 


.415 


59.0 


1.234 


31.9 


.038 


5.6 


.411 


58.2 


1.228 


31.1 


.032 


4.8 


.407 


57.4 


1.221 


30.3 


.027 


4.0 


1.402 


56.6 


1.215 


29.5 


.021 


3.2 


1.398 


55.8 


1.208 


28.7 


.016 


2.4 


1.395 


55.0 


1.202 


27.9 


.011 


1.6 


1.388 


54.2 


1.196 


27.1 


.005 


0.8 


1.383 


53.4 











40 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



TABLE 

OF THE SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF HYDROCHLORIC ACID AT 15 C. 
URE. Diet. Arts. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 

Hydrochloric 
Acid Gas. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Hydrochloric 
Acid Gas. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Hydrochloric 
Acid Gas. 


1.2000 


40.777 


1.1328 


26.913 


1.0657 


13.456 


1.1982 


40.369 


1.1308 


26.505 


1.0637 


13.049 


1.1964 


39.961 


1.1287 


26.098 


1.0617 


12.641 


1.1946 


39.554 


1.1267 


25.690 


1.0597 


12.2)33 


1.1928 


39.146 


1.1247 


25.282 


1.0577 


11.825 


1.1910 


38.738 


1.1226 


24.874 


1.0557 


11.418 


1.1893 


38.330 


1.1206 


24.466 


1.0537 


11.010 


1.1875 


37.923 


1.1185 


24.058 


1.0517 


10.602 


1.1857 


37.516 


1.1164 


23.650 


1.0497 


10.194 


1.1846 


37.108 


1.1143 


23.242 


1.0477 


9.786 


1.1822 


36.700 


1.1123 


22.834 


1.0457 


9.379 


1.1802 


36.292 


1.1102 


22.426 


1.0437 


8.971 


1.1782 


35.884 


1.1082 


22.019 


1.0417 


8.563 


1.1762 


35.476 


1.1061 


21.611 


1.0397 


8.155 


1.1741 


35.068 


1.1041 


21.203 


1.0377 


7.747 


1.1721 


34.660 


1.1020 


20.796 


1.0357 


7.340 


1.1701 


34.252 


1.1000 


20.388 


1.0337 


6.932 


1.1681 


33845 


1.0980 


19.980 


1.0318 


6.524 


1.1661 


33.437 


1.0960 


19.572 


1.0298 


6.116 


1.1641 


33.029 


1.0939 


19.165 


1.0279 


5.709 


1.1620 


32.621 


1.0919 


18.757 


1.0259 


5.301 


1.1599 


32213 


1.0899 


18.349 


1.0239 


4.893 


1.1578 


31.805 


1.0879 


17.941 


1.0220 


4.486 


1.1557 


31.398 


1.0859 


1 7.534 


1.0200 


4.078 


1.1537 


30.990 


1.0838 


17.126 


1.0180 


3.670 


1.1515 


30.582 


1.0818 


16.718 


1.0160 


3.262 


1.1494 


30.174 


1.0798 


16.310 


1.0140 


2.854 


1.1473 


29.767 


1.0778 


15.902 


1.0120 


2.447 


1.1452 


29.359 


1.0758 


15.494 


1.0100 


2.039 


1.1431 


28.951 


1.0738 


15.067 


1.0080 


1.631 


1.1410 


28.544 


1.0718 


14.479 


1.0060 


1.124 


1.1389 


28.136 


1.0697 


14.271 


1.0040 


0.816 


1.1369 


27.728 


1.0677 


13.863 


1.0020 


0.408 


1.1349 


27.321 











SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



41 



TABLE 

OF THE SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF HYDRATED ACETIC ACID. 
MOIIR. Ann. Pharm. 1839, 31, 8. 284. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Hvdrated 
Acetic 
Acid. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 

11 v dm ted 
Acetic 
Acid. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Percent 
Hydrate 1 
Acetic 

Acid. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


PIT cent 
ll\ dnted 
Acetic 
Acid. 


.0635 


100 


.0720 


75 


1.0600 


50 


1.0340 


25 


.0655 


99 


.0720 


74 


1.0590 


49 


1.0330 


24 


.0670 


98 


.0720 


73 


1.0580 


48 


.0320 


23 


.0680 


97 


.0710 


72 


1.0560 


47 


.0310 


22 


.0690 


96 


.0710 


71 


1.0550 


46 


.0290 


21 


.0700 


95 


.0700 


70 


1.0550 


45 


.0270 


20 


.0706 


94 


.0700 


69 


1.0540 


44 


.0260 


19 


.0708 


93 


.0700 


68 


1.0530 


43 


.0250 


18 


.0716 


92 


.0690 


67 


1.0520 


42 


.0240 


17 


.0721 


91 


.0690 


66 


1.0515 


41 


.0230 


16 


.0730 


90 


.0680 


65 


1.0513 


40 


.0220 


15 


.0730 


89 


.0680 


64 


1.0500 


39 


.0200 


14 


.0730 


88 


.0680 


63 


1.0490 


38 


.0180 


13 


.0730 


87 


.0670 


62 


1.0480 


37 


.0170 


12 


.0730 


86 


.0(570 


61 


1.0470 


36 


.0160 


11 


.0730 


85 


.OG70 


60 


1.0460 


35 


.0150 


10 


.0730 


84 


.0660 


59 


1.0450 


34 


.0130 


9 


.0730 


83 


.0660 


58 


1.0440 


33 


.0120 


8 


.0730 


82 


.0650 


57 


1.0424 


32 


.0100 


7 


.0732 


81 


.0640 


56 


1.0410 


31 


.0080 


6 


.0735 


80 


.0640 


55 


1.0400 


30 


.0067 


5 


.0735 


79 


.0630 


54 


1.0390 


29 


.0055 


4 


.0732 


78 


.0630 


53 


1.0380 


28 


1.0040 


3 


.0732 


77 


.0620 


52 


1.0360 


27 


1.0020 


2 


.0730 


76 


.0610 


51 


1.0350 


26 


1.0010 


1 



When water is added to Hydrated Acetic Acid the Specific Gravity 
of the fluid does not fall ; on the contrary, it rises until 3 atoms or 51.5 
per cent have been added. 

In reference to this, Thompson gives the following Table. 

EQUIVALENTS OF ACID AND WATER AT 15 C. 



Acid. 


Water. 


Specific Gravity. 


Acid. 


Water. 


Specific Gravity. 


1 


1 


1.06296 


1 


6 


1.06708 


1 


2 


1.07060 


1 


7 


1.06349 


1 


3 


1.07084 


1 


8 


1.05974 


1 


4 


1.07132 


1 


9 


1.05794 


1 


5 


1.06820 


1 


10 


1.05439 



42 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



TABLE 



OF THE PROPORTION BY WEIGHT OF ABSOLUTE ALCOHOL IN SPIRITS 
OF DIFFERENT SPECIFIC GRAVITIES AT 15.5 C. 

FOWNES S Chern., p. 579. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent. 


0.9991 


| 


0.9511 


34 


0.8769 


68 


0.9981 


1 


0.9490 


35 


0.8745 


69 


0.9965 


2 


0.9470 


36 


0.87-21 


70 


0.9947 


3 


0.9452 


37 


0.8696 


71 


0.9930 


4 


0.9434 


38 


0.8672 


72 


0.9914 


5 


0.9416 


39 


0.8649 


73 


0.9898 


6 


0.9396 


40 


0.8625 


74 


0.9884 


7 


0.9376 


41 


0.8603 


75 


0.9869 


8 


0.9356 


42 


0.8 5. si 


76 


0.9855 


9 


0.9335 


43 


0.8557 


77 


0.9841 


10 


0.9314 


44 


0.8533 


78 


0.9828 


11 


0.9292 


45 


0.8508 


79 


0.9815 


12 


0.9270 


46 


0.8483 


80 


0.9802 


13 


0.9249 


47 


0.8459 


81 


0.9789 


14 


0.9228 


48 


0.8434 


82 


0.9778 


15 


0.9206 


49 


0.8408 


83 


0.9766 


16 


0.9184 


50 


0.8382 


84 


0.9753 


17 


0.9160 


51 


0.8357 


85 


0.9741 


18 


0.9135 


52 


0.8331 


86 


0.9728 


19 


0.9113 


53 


0.8305 


87 


0.9716 


20 


0.9090 


54 


0.8279 


88 


0.9704 


21 


0.9069 


55 


0.820 I 


89 


0.9691 


22 


0.9047 


r>c> 


0.822S 


90 


0.9678 


23 


0.9025 


57 


0.8199 


91 


0.9665 


24 


0.9001 


58 


0.8172 


92 


0.9652 


2.~> 


0.8979 


59 


0.81 !. ) 


93 


0.9638 


26 


0.8956 


60 


0.8.118 


94 


0.9628 


27 


0.8932 


61 


0.8089 


95 


0.9609 


28 


0.8908 


62 


0.8061 


96 


0.9593 


29 


0.8886 


G3 


0.8031 


97 


0.9578 


30 


0.8863 


64 


0.8001 


98 


0.9560 


31 


0.8h 10 


65 


0.7969 


99 


0.9544 


32 


0.8816 


66 


0.7938 


100 


0.9528 


33 


0.8793 


67 







SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



43 



TABLE 

OF THE SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF A MIXTURE OF ALCOHOL AND WATER 

BY VOLUME. 

Temperature = 15.56 C. Water = 1 at 3.9 C. 

TRALLES. Gilbert s Annalen der Phys., 1811, 38, s. 368. 



Per cent 
Alcohol. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Alcohol. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent 
Alcohol. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


1 


9976 


35 


9583 


68 


8941 


2 


99(31 


36 


9570 


69 


8917 


3 


9947 


37 


9559 


70 


8892 


4 


9933 


38 


9541 


71 


8867 


5 


9919 


39 


9526 


72 


8842 


6 


9906 


40 


9510 


73 


8817 


7 


9893 


41 


9494 


74 


8791 


8 


9881 


42 


9478 


75 


8765 


9 


9869 


43 


9461 


76 


8739 


10 


9857 


44 


9444 


77 


8712 


11 


9845 


45 


9427 


78 


8685 


12 


9834 


46 


9409 


79 


8658 


13 


9823 


47 


9391 


80 


8631 


14 


9812 


48 


9373 


81 


8603 


15 


9802 


49 


9354 


82 


8575 


16 


9791 


50 


9335 


83 


8547 


17 


9781 


51 


9315 


84 


8518 


18 


9771 


52 


9295 


85 


8488 


19 


9761 


53 


9275 


86 


8458 


20 


9751 


54 


9254 


87 


8428 


21 


9741 


55 


9234 


88 


8397 


22 


9731 


56 


9213 


89 


8365 


23 


9720 


57 


9192 


90 


8332 


24 


9710 


58 


9170 


91 


8299 


25 


9700 


59 


9148 


92 


8265 


26 


9689 


60 


9126 


93 


8230 


27 


9679 


61 


9104 


94 


8194 


28 


9668 


62 


9082 


95 


8157 


29 


9657 


63 


9059 


96 


8118 


30 


9646 


64 


9036 


97 


8077 


31 


9634 


65 


9013 


98 


8034 


32 


9622 


66 


8989 


99 


7988 


33 


9609 


67 


8965 


100 


7939 


34 


9596 











SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



TABLE 

FOR THE MIXING OF WATER AND ALCOHOL ACCORDING TO 
VOLUME, AT 1 7.5 C. 

MEISSNER S Ariiometrie. 



A mixture 
of 


Specific 
Gravity. 


The 

Volume 
becomes 
after 
mixing. 


A mixture 
of 


Specific 
Gravity. 


The 

Volume 
becomes 
after 
mixing. 


A mixture 
of 


Specific 
Gravity. 


The 

Volume 
becomes 
after 
mixing. 


Volumes 
Alcohol. 


II 


Volumes 
Alcohol. 


Volumes 
Water. 


Volumes 
Alcohol. 


CO 


100 





0.7932 




66 


34 


0.8934 


96.651 


32 


68 


0.9621 


97.056 


99 


1 


0.7969 


99.802 


65 


35 


0.8958 


96.626 


31 


69 0.9632 


97.158 


98 


2 


0.8006 


99.618 


64 


36 


0.8982 


96.602 


30 


70 0.9643 


97.268 


97 


3 


0.8042 


99.425 


63 


37 


0.9006 96.580 


29 


71 0.9654 


97.367 


96 


4 


0.8078 


89.229 


62 


38 


0.9029 96.559 


28 


72 0.9665J 97.466 


95 


5 


0.8114 


99.031 


61 


39 


0.9052 96.539 


27 


73 0.!)<!7<i 


97.565 


94 


6 


0.8150 


98.8-24 


60 


40 


0.9075 96.520 


26 


74 


0.9688 


97.664 


93 


7 


0.8185 


98.644 


59 


41 


0.9098 


96.501 


25 


75; 0.9700 


97.763 


92 


8 


0.8219 


98.484 


58 


42 


0.9121 


96.484 


24 


76 


0.9712 


97.862 


91 


9 


0.8253 


98.334 


57 


43 


0.9145 


96.463 


23 


77 


0.9723 


97.958 


90 


10 


0.8286 


98.224 


56 


44 


0.9168 


96.445 


22 


78 


0.9734 


98.051 


89 


11 


0.8317 


98.131 


55 


45 


0.9191 


96.427 


21 


79 


0.9745 


98.149 


88 


12 


0.8346 


98.044 


54 


46 


0.9214 


96.413 


20 


80 0.9756 


98.262 


87 


13 


0.8373 


97.962 


53 


47 


0.9237 


96.402 


19 


81 0.9766 


98.377 


86 


14 


0.8400 


97.883 


52 


48 


0.9259 


96.393 


18 


82 0.9775 


98.494 


85 


15 


0.8427 


97.807 


51 


49 


0.9281 


96.384 


17 


83 0.9784 


98.613 


84 


16 


0.8454 


97.733 


50 


50 


0.9303 


96.377 


16 


84 0.9793 


98.731 


83 


17 


0.8481 


97.661 


49 


51 


0.9324 


96.384 


15 


85 0.9803 


98.845 


82 


18 


0.8508 


97.592 


48 


52 


0.9344 


96.394 


14 


86 0.9813 


98.955 


81 


19 


0.8534 


97.525 


47 


53 


0.9364 


96.407 


13 


S7 0.9823 


99.058 


80 


20 


0.8566 


97.462 


46 


54 


0.9384 


96.423 


12 


88 0.9834 


99.154 


79 


21 


0.8591 


97.401 


45 


55 


0.9404 


96.442 


11 


8!) 0.9846 


99.246 


78 


22 


0.8616 


97.347 


44 


56 


0.9424 


96.465 


10 


90 0.9859 


99.333 


77 


23 


0.8642 


97.291 


43 


57 


0.9443 


96.495 


9 


91 


0.9873 


99.413 


76 


24 


0.8668 97.231 


42 


58 


0.9461 


96.528 


8 92 


0.9888 


99.487 


75 


25 


0.8695 97.176 


41 


59| 0.9478 96.565 


7 


93 


0.9901 


99.555 


74 


26 


0.8723 97.111 


40 


60 


0.9495 96.607 


6 94 


0.9915 


99.617 


73 


27 


0.8751 


97.040 


39 


61 


0.9512 96.649 


5 !;> 


0.9929 


99.674 


72 


28 


0.8779 


in;. !)<; 


38 


62 


0.9529 96.692 


4 ill! 


0.9943 99.731 


71 


29 


0.8806 


96.892 


37 


63 


0.9547 


96.736 


3 97 


0.9957J 99.792 


70 30 0.8833 96.821 


36 


64 


0.9564 


96.782 


2 98 


0.8971 99.857 


69 31 


0.8860 96.765 


35 


65 


0.9580 96.829 


l! 99 


0.9985 99.927 


68 32 0.8885 96.723 


34 


66 


0.9595 96.889 


O lOO 


1.0000 




67 33 0.8910 96.685 


33 


67 


0.9609 96.967 


1 







SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



45 



TABLE 

FOR THE MIXING OF ALCOHOL AND WATER BY WEIGHT AT 17.5 C. 

MEISSNER S Araometrie. 



Parts 
Alcohol. 


Parts 
Water. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Parts 
Alcohol. 


Parts 
Water. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Parts 
Alcohol. 


Parts 
Water. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


100 





0.7932 


66 


34 


0.8806 


32 


68 


0.9543 


99 


1 


0.7960 


65 


35 


0.8831 


31 


69 


0.9561 


98 


2 


0.7988 


64 


36 


0.8855 


30 


70 


0.9578 


97 


3 


0.8016 


63 


37 


0.8879 


29 


71 


0.9594 


96 


4 


0.8045 


62 


38 


0.8902 


28 


72 


0.9608 


95 


5 


0.8074 


61 


39 


0.8925 


27 


73 


0.9621 


94 


6 


0.8104 


60 


40 


0.8948 


26 


74 


0.9634 


93 


7 


0.8135 


59 


41 


0.8971 


25 


75 


0.9647 


92 


8 


0.8166 


58 


42 


0.8994 


24 


76 


0.9660 


91 


9 


0.8196 


57 


43 


0.9016 


23 


77 


0.9673 


90 


10 


0.8225 


56 


44 


0.9038 


22 


78 


0.9686 


89 


11 


0.8252 


55 


45 


0.9060 


21 


79 


0.9699 


88 


12 


0.8279 


54 


46 


0.9082 


20 


80 


0.9712 


87 


13 


0.8304 


53 


47 


0.9104 


19 


81 


0.9725 


86 


14 


0.8329 


52 


48 


0.9127 


18 


82 


0.9738 


85 


15 


0.8353 


51 


49 


0.9150 


17 


83 


0.9751 


84 


16 


0.8376 


50 


50 


0.9173 


16 


84 


0.9763 


83 


17 


0.8399 


49 


51 


0.9196 


15 


85 


0.9775 


82 


18 


0.8422 


48 


52 


0.9219 


14 


86 


0.9786 


81 


19 


0.8446 


47 


53 


0.9242 


13 


87 


0.9796 


80 


20 


0.8470 


46 


54 


0.9264 


12 


88 


0.9806 


79 


21 


0.8494 


45 


55 


0.9280 


11 


89 


0.9817 


78 


22 


0.8519 


44 


56 


0.9308 


10 


90 


0.9830 


77 


23 


0.8543 


43 


57 


0.9329 


9 


91 


0.9844 


76 


24 


0.8567 


42 


58 


0.9350 


8 


92 


0.9860 


75 


25 


0.8590 


41 


59 


0.9371 


7 


93 


0.9878 


74 


26 


0.8613 


40 


60 


0.9391 


6 


94 


0.9897 


73 


27 


0.8635 


39 


61 


0.9410 


5 


95 


0.9914 


72 


28 


0.8657 


38 


62 


0.9429 


4 


96 


0.9931 


71 


29 


0.8680 


37 


63 


0.9448 


3 


97 


0.9948 


70 


30 


0.8704 


36 


64 


0.9467 


2 


98 


0.9965 


69 


31 


0.8729 


35 


;.-) 


0.9486 


1 


99 


0.9982 


68 


32 


0.8755 


34 


66 


0.9505 





100 


1.0000 


67 


33 


0.8781 


33 


67 


0.9524 









SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



TABLE 



OF THE PER CENT OF COMMON SALT (NaCl) IN SOLUTIONS OF 1.001 
TO 1.20467 SPECIFIC GRAVITY, AT 18. 75 C. 

MUSPRATT S Chemie. 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent. 


1.001 


0.1361 


1.034 


4.7038 


.067 


9.2055 


1.002 


0.2731 


1.035 


4.8417 


.068 


9.3402 


1.003 


0.4105 


1.036 


4.9795 


.069 


9.4747 


1.004 


0.5483 


1.037 


5.1172 


.070 


9.6091 


1.005 


0.6863 


.038 


5.2549 


.071 


9.7434 


1.006 


0.8245 


.039 


5.3925 


.072 


9.8776 


1.007 


0.9628 


.040 


5.5300 


.073 


10.0117 


1.008 


1.1013 


.041 


5.6674 


.074 


10.1457 


1.009 


1.2398 


.042 


5.8047 


.075 


10.2795 


1.010 


1.3785 


.043 


5.9420 


.076 


10.4132 


1.011 


1.5172 


.044 


6.0791 


.077 


10.5469 


1.012 


1.6559 


.045 


6.2161 


.078 


10.6804 


1.013 


1.7947 


.046 


6.3531 


.079 


10.8137 


1.014 


1.9335 


.047 


6.4900 


.080 


10.9470 


1.015 


2.0723 


.048 


6.6267 


.081 


11.0802 


1.016 


2.2111 


.049 


6.7634 


.082 


11.2132 


1.017 


2.3499 


.050 


6.9000 


.083 


11.3461 


1.018 


2.4887 


.051 


7.0364 


.084 


11.4789 


1.019 


2.6275 


.052 


7.1728 


.085 


11.6116 


1.020 


2.7662 


.053 


7.3090 


.086 


11.7441 


1.021 


2.9049 


.054 


7.4452 


.087 


11.8766 


1.022 


3.0436 


.055 


7.5812 


.088 


12.0089 


1.023 


3.1823 


.056 


7.7172 


.089 


12.1411 


1.024 


3.3209 


.057 


7.8530 


.090 


12.2732 


1.025 


3.4594 


.058 


7.9888 


.091 


12.4052 


.026 


3.5979 


.059 


8.1244 


.092 


12.5370 


.027 


3.7364 


.060 


8.2599 


.093 


12.6687 


.028 


3.8748 


.061 


8.3953 


.094 


12.8004 


.029 


4.0131 


.062 


8.5307 


.095 


12.9318 


.030 


4.1514 


.063 


8.6659 


1.096 


13.0632 


.031 


4.2896 


.064 


8.8009 


1.097 


13.1945 


.032 


4. 42 7 7 


.065 


8.9359 


1.098 


13.3256 


.033 


4.5658 


.066 


9.0708 


1.099 


13.4566 



SPECIFIC GRAVITIES. 



47 



Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent. 


Specific 
Gravity. 


Per cent. 


1.100 


13.5875 


1.136 


18.2189 


1.171 


22.5726 


1.101 


13.7183 


1.137 


18.34:>4 


1.172 


22.6949 


1.102 


13.8489 


1.138 


18.4717 


1.173 


22.8170 


1.103 


13.9794 


1.139 


18.5978 


1.174 


22.9390 


1.104 


14.1098 


1.140 


18.7239 


1.175 


23.0610 


1.105 


14.2401 


1.141 


18.8498 


1.176 


23.1828 


1.106 


14.3703 


1.142 


18.9757 


1.177 


23.3045 


.107 


14.5003 


1.143 


19.1014 


1.178 


23.4260 


.108 


14.6302 


1.144 


19.2269 


1.179 


23.5475 


.109 


14.7600 


1.145 


19.3524 


1.180 


23.6688 


.110 


14.8897 


1.146 


19.4777 


1.181 


23.7900 


.111 


15.0193 


1.147 


19.6029 


1.182 


23.9111 


.112 


15.1487 


1.148 


19.7280 


1.183 


24.0321 


.113 


15.2780 


1.149 


19.8530 


1.184 


24.1530 


.114 


15.4072 


1.150 


19.9779 


1.185 


24.2738 


.115 


15.5363 


1.151 


20.1026 


1.186 


24.3945 


.116 


15.6653 


1.152 


20.2272 


1.187 


24.5150 


.117 


15.7941 


1.153 


20.3517 


1.188 


24.6354 


.118 


15.9228 


1.154 


20.4761 


1.189 


24-7557 


.119 


16.0514 


1.155 


20.6004 


1.190 


24.8759 


.120 


16.1799 


1.156 


20.7245 


1.191 


24.9960 


.121 


16.3082 


1.157 


20.8486 


1.192 


25.1159 


.122 


16.4365 


1.158 


20.9725 


1.193 


25.2358 


.123 


16.5645 


1.159 


21.0963 


1.194 


25.3555 


.124 


16.6925 


1.160 


21.2199 


1.195 


25.4751 


.125 


16.8204 


1.161 


21.3435 


1.196 


25.5947 


.126 


16.9482 


1.162 


21.4669 


1.197 


25.7141 


.127 


17.0758 


1.163 


21.5903 


1.198 


25.8333 


.128 


17.2033 


1.164 


21.7135 


1.199 


25.9525 


.129 


17.3307 


1.165 


21.8365 


1.200 


26.0716 


.ISO 


17.4579 


1.166 


21.9595 


1.201 


26.1905 


.131 


17.5851 


1.167 


22.0824 


1.202 


26.3094 


1.132 


17.7121 


1.168 


22.2051 


1.203 


26.4281 


1.133 


17.8390 


1.169 


22.3277 


1.204 


26.5467 


1.134 


17.9657 


1.170 


22.4502 


1.20467 


26.6261 


1.135 


18.0924 











TABLES 



RELATING TO HEAT 



HEAT. 



51 



H S I 



o * 

H 



II! 



1? 






:S<~f 



II 



!l 



OOfOOOOOOOOOOOOO(NOOCO 



qqq^qqqqqqqqqqqqqqqq 

<? CN IT li Irlrlt I r-iC^C^^Ht I 



COCOCOlOOCOCO lCCOCCCS-faCOCiOC^CCOJ : 

qqqqqqqoqi ic^cir-Hqqqqqq 
ddo dddddddddddo ddddd 







CT: C5 

^ o 

O CO 





o 



<N co cc ^r 
GQe4oot^aoaoeoooc-iC4of-4a) 

QO> (COCSiC-rft t^O^- t^-C^^-^tiOS 



q q q 
oc co >d 

rj< CO CO 



qqqqqqioqqqqqqtoq 

CO>.(M(MDi-HCNO>OtOOi-iCc5o 



^ O *t* t~** ^^* ^ f^ CC *f 

odocJddo do oooooooooooo 



-" " 



- 









s e ^ s e -j. -y P ^ ^ ^ < ^ ^ c ^ ^ ^ c ^ 



52 



HEAT. 



TABLE 

OF SPECIFIC HEATS OF SOME OF THE MOST COMMON SUBSTANCES. 
REONAULT. Annales de Chimie et de Physique, m., I., p. 172. 



Name. 


Specific 
Heat. 


Name. 


Specific 


Protoxide of Lead, powder. 


0.05118 


Bisulphide of Iron (Pyrites) 


0.13009 


" fused 


005089 


Tin 


0.11932 


Oxide of Mercury (HgO) 


0.05179 


" Molybdenum 


0.12334 


Protoxide of Manganese 


0.15701 


Subsulphide of Copper 


0.12118 


Oxide of Copper 


0.14201 


" Silver 


0.07460 


Nickel 


0.16234 


Magnetic Pyrites 


0.16023 


" " calcined 


0.15885 


Chloride of Sodium 


).21 101 


Magnesia 


0.24394 


Chloride of Potassium 


L172M 


Oxide of Zinc 


0.12480 


Subchloride of Mercury 


0.05205 


Sesquioxide of Iron 


0.16695 


" Copper 


0.13827 


Arsenous Acid 


0.12786 


Chloride of Silver 


0.09109 


Sesquioxide of Chromium 


0.17960 


" Barium 


0.08570 


Oxide of Bismuth 


0.06053 


" Strontium 


0.11990 


Teroxide of Antimony 


0.09009 


" Calcium 


0.16420 


Corundum 


0.19762 


Magnesium 


0.19460 


Sapphire 


0.21732 


" Lead 


0.06641 


Stannic Acid 


0.09382 


" Mercury 


0.06889 


Titanic- Acid, artificial 


0.17164 


" Zinc 


0.13618 


^ rutile 


0.17032 


" Tin 


0.10161 


Tungstic Acid 


0.07983 


" Manganese 


0.14255 


Molybdic Acid 


0.13240 


Bichloride of Tin 


0.14759 


Silica 


0.19132 


" Titanium 


0.19145 


Boric Acid 


0.23743 


Terchloride of Arsenic 


). 1 7 1 7S 


Magnetic Oxide of Iron 


0.16780 


" Phosphorus 


0.20922 


Protosulphide of Iron 


0.1 35 7o 


Bromide of Potassium 


0.11322 


Sulphide of Nickel 


0.12814 


" Silver 


0.07391 


" Cobalt 


0.12512 


Sodium 


0.13842 


" Zinc 


0.1 2..i >3 


" Lead 


0.05326 


" Lead 


0.05086 


Iodide of Potassium 


0.08191 


" Mercury 


0.05117 


" Sodium 


0.08684 


Tin 


0.08365 


Subiodide of Mercury 


0.03949 


" Antimony 


0.08408 


Iodide of Silver 


0.06159 


" Bismuth " 


0.06002 


Subiodide ol Copper 


0.06869 



HEAT. 



Name. 



Specific 
Heat. 



Name. 



Specific 
lleat. 



Iodide of Lead 

" Mercury 
Fluoride of Calcium 
Nitrate of Potassium 

" Sodium 

" Silver 

" Barium 
Chlorate of Potassium 
Pyrophosphate of Potassium 
" Sodium 

" Lead 

Metaphosphate of Calcium 
Phosphate of Lead 
Arseniate of Potassium 

Lead 
Sulphate of Potassium 

" Sodium 

" Barium 

" Strontium 

" Lead 

" Calcium 



0.04267 Sulphate of Magnesium 
0.04197, Chromate of Potassium 
0.21492jBichromate of Potassium 
>.-_ :^:.>:Biborate " 

0.278211 " Sodium 

0.14352 " Lead 

0.15228jBorate of Potassium 
0.10956 " Sodium 

.19102 " Lead 
0.22833i Wolfram 
O.OS208JZircon 

0.19923 Carbonate of Potassium 
0.07982 " Sodium 

0.1563l[lceland Spar 
0.07280 Arragonite 
0.1-9010 White Granular Marble 
0.231 15 Gray " " 

0.1 1285, White Chalk 
0.14279 Carbonate of Barium 
0.08 723J " Iron 

0.19656! " Strontium 



,0.22159 
10.18505 
1018937 
0.21975 
0.23823 



,0.11409 
0.20478 
0.25709 



0.09046 
! 0.09780 
|0.14558 
0.21623 
0.27275 
jO.20858 
0.20850 
|0.21585 
0.20989 
0.21401 
0.11038 
|0.19345 
0.14483 



LATENT HEAT OF VAPORIZATION. 



* FAVRE AND SILBERMAN. Ann. Chem. Phys. [3] XXXTII. p. 464-470. 
t ANDREWS. Chem. Soc. Qu. Jour. I. p. 27. 



Substance. 


Latent 
heat nf 
Vapor. 


Substance. 


Latent 
heat of 
Vapor. 


Bromine 


45.60f 


Butvric Acid 


114.67* 


Terchloride of Phosphorus 


51.42J 


Acetate of Ethyl 


105.80* 


Sulphide of Carbon 


86.67J 


tl (4 


92.68f 


Bichloride of Tin 


3.05J 


Acetate of Methyl 


110.20J 


Alcohol 


208.92* 


Formate of Etlivl 


105.30J 


u 


202.40f 


" Methyl 


11 7.1 Of 


Methylic Alcohol 


263.86* 


Iodide of Etlivl 


46.87J 


u u 


263.70f 


" Methyl 


46.07J 


Amylic Alcohol 


121.37* 


Oxalate of Ethyl 


72.72J 


Acetic Acid 


101.91* 


Butvrate of Methyl 


87.33* 


Formic Acid 


120.72* 


Ethal 


58.44* 


Ether 


91.11* 


Oil of Turpentine 


68.73* 


M 


90.45f 


Terebene 


67.21* 


Amylic Ether 


69.40* 


Oil of Lemons 


70.02* 


Valeriauic Acid 


103.52* 







HEAT. 





] 

a 


10 o "* r>. o 

10 CO t- 
CO lO O I- 1O 


o >o 

QO CM 

10 ^H 









o o" o* d o* 


d d 




o 


S 


O CO CM 
CM CM CM CM Ci 
CM CM CM CM rH 


CO CO 
CM CO 
CM CM 






1. 


?3 3 3 3 3 


33 








CO CO lO O CO 


^H Ci 






1 


CM CO t^ t^ 

i-H TH 


CM 

r- 1 < 






i 


OOOC5CO>O -lC7iO^COO^-^CO(Mr-i 
O O CO CM *O *> O ^^ CO O^ -H Ci CO C7i O O O 


CO -* 
fM O CM 


"? CM O 




~ 


OO< iiiiOiOOCOl^-C^-OOO Oi? k l 7 l(M 


CM CO ~t 


W ,0 
O CO *O 

o o o 




a 


r-i^-iOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


000 


o o o 


S 




GO 
O i O 







s 










I 


2 


-H- 








1 


d 333 


3 






S, 


CO 











OOt- coOOOOOOOOOiOOOO 
r-lrH i-HCM (M-^COCOCO COCOCO CO 


iO O 
^ CO 


000 






1 + 1+ 14-14- 


1 


4- 




* 


O O CO 

^ -t CO 








^ 


t^ X) 








*-* 










cL 


odd 








03 












>0 






^2 




<M 






I 


E 


1 








3 


.333 








i. 


GO 








a 


QO O t>^ 








S 


777 






< 

i 

i 


i 


1 










J 


;c 








I < *^ 


cc aJ 










c 








"1 3 1 t 


^3 

^^r 








^ PQ ^ W PQ 







g * 

:-B 



ft o 

o a 

a 

ti 

H j 



HEAT. 55 



OOCOC^J 00 ^ CO if rH C<l t-- <M 

_ CO C5 CO O CO Ci lO CO <?J-f MCOC5 

O ~- 00 <> o o <M t>- o ct r: c o <M 

"MrH-JJ TjH rH <N "^ "^ r-i^-lrHOrH 

o ooo o o o oo o o ooo 



OS 00 rH OOC5 -^COQCCOiM 

rH (N C^ i i rj C7-r ~TI-t^ 

s * C^l (N C^l C^l C^l C^l M "M M 

3333 3 3 3 33 33333 



OCOpOCOt^OOC5O-^00(MCO-f tTfO<M-Hj<COOCOOC(MCiOOOCNpOO 
Mr^COO36ocOCi<NOCi^JCOCOCOt>-C5O iCOr-iiOOOOOC5Ot~^tiOO 

oo ooo o ooooooooooo oooooooooooo oo 



333 3 33333 

CO 

Ot^OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
^C4 CO COCOC5CO COCOCO COCOCO COCO(M Tf 



I + I + I + I + 



s - 2 i 

a. a 

ss o " 




g I J . 

3 *| ^ c F 

I ^ "I "I & 

o 7n 3 <yS . i~! g ^ w w 

<J O P C^H OPnH^PQ 



HEAT. 



TABLE 

OF SPECIFIC HEATS OF THE MOST COMMON GASES AND VAPORS. 

Tlie quantity of heat necessary to raise 1 gramme of water from to V 

being unity. 

REQNAULT. Memoires de PAcademie de France, Tome XXVI. pp. 303, 313, 318. 



Name. 


Equal 
Weights. 


Equal 
Volumes. 


Density. 


Oxygen 


0.21751 


24049 


1.10560 


Nitrogen 


0.24380 


0.23680- 


0.97130 


Hydrogen 


3.40900 


0.23590 


0.06H20 


Chlorine 


0.12099 


0.29645 


2.45020 


Bromine vapor 


0.05552 


0.30400 


5.47720 


Deutoxide of Nitrogen 


0.23170 


0.24060 


1.03840 


Carbonic oxide 


0.24500 


0.23700 


0.96730 


Hydrochloric Acid^ 


0.18520 


0.23330 


1.25960 


Carbonic Acid 


0.21G90 


0.33070 


1.52010 


Protoxide of Nitrogen 


0.22620 


0.34470 


1.52410 


Vapor of Water 


0.48050 


0.29890 


0.62190 


Sulphurous Acid 


0.15440 


0.34140 


2.21130 


Hydrosulphuric Acid 
Bisulphide of Carbon 


0.24320 
0.15690 


0.28570 
0.41220 


1.17470 
2.62580 


Protocarburetted Hydrogen 


0.59290 


0.32770 


0.55270 


Chloroform 


0.15670 


0.64610 


4.12440 


Bicarburetted Hydrogen 


0.40400 


0.41600 


0.96720 


Ammonia 


0.50840 


0.29960 


0.58940 


Benzine 


0.37540 


1.01140 


2.69420 


Essence of Turpentine 
Wood Spirit 


0.50610 
0.45800 


2.37760 
0.50630 


4.69780 
1.10550 


Ether 


0.47970 


1.22660 


2.55730 


Sulphide of Ethyl 


0.40080 


1.24660 


3.11010 


Chloride " 


0.27380 


0.60960 


2.22690 


Bromide " 


0.18960 


0.70260 


3.70580 


Dutch liquid 


0.22930 


0.78360 


3.11740 


Acetone 


0.41250 


0.82640 


2.00360 


Acetate of Ethyl 


0.40080 


1.2J840 


3.04000 


Chloride of SiliVium 


0.13220 


0.77780 


5.88330 


Terchloride of Phosphorus 


0.13470 


0.63950 


4.74640 


" Arsenic 


0.11220 


0.70340 


6.26670 


Bichloride of Titanium 


0.12900 


O.S5640 


6.64920 


Tin 


0.09390 


0.84160 


8.96540 



HEAT. 



SPECIFIC HEAT OF WATER AND LATENT HEAT OF THE VAPOR OF 

WATER. 

REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXI. p. 748. 



Tempera 
ture meas 
ured by the 
Air Ther 
mometer. 
T. 


Number of units 
of Il.-iit lost by 
one Kilogramme 
of Witter in pul 
ing from T to 0. 
Q,. 


Mean Specific 
Heat of Water 
between and 
T. 


Specific Heat 
of Water from 
TtoT +dT 
dQ, 
dT 


Latent Heat of 
the saturated 
Vapor at the 
Temperature 
T. 


Total Heat. 


o 















0.000 


0.0000 


1.0000 


606.5 


0.0 


10 


10.002 


.0002 


1.0005 


599.5 


609.5 


20 


20.010 


.0005 


.0012 


592.6 


612.6 


30 


30.026 


.0009 


.0020 


585.7 


615.7 


40 


40.051 


.0013 


.0030 


578.7 


618.7 


50 


50.087 


.0017 


.0042 


571.6 


621.7 


60 


60.137 


.0023 


.0056 


564.7 


624.8 


70 


70.210 


.0030 


.0072 


557.6 


627.8 


80 


80.282 


.0035 


.0089 


550.6 


630.9 


90 


90.381 


.0042 


.0109 


543.5 


633.9 


100 


100.500 


.0050 


.0130 


536.5 


637.0 


110 


110.641 


.0058 


.0153 


529.4 


640.0 


120 


120.806 


.0067 


.0177 


522.3 


643.1 


130 


130.997 


.0076 


.0204 


515.1 


646.1 


140 


141.215 


.0087 


.0232 


508.0 


649.2 


150 


151.462 


.0097 


.0262 


500.7 


652.2 


160 


161.741 


.0109 


.0294 


493.6 


655.3 


170 


172.052 


.0121 


.0328 


486.2 


658.3 


180 


is 2. 3 98 


.0133 


.0364 


479.0 


661.4 


190 


192.779 


.0146 


.0401 


471.6 


664.4 


200 


203.200 


.0160 


.0440 


464.3 


667.5 


210 


213.660 


.0174 


.0481 


456.8 


670.5 


220 


224.162 


.0189 


.0524 


449.4 


673.6 


230 


234.708 


.0204 


.0568 


441.9 


676.6 



TOTAL HEAT OF VAPORIZATION OF DIFFERENT LIQUIDS. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de PAcademie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 9ia 



Substance. 


oc. 


Substance. 


c. 


Amylic Alcohol 


211.78 


Acetate of Ethyl 


154.49 


Turpentine 


139.15 


Bisulphide of Carbon 


96.80 


Essence of Citron 


160.49 


Alcohol 


265.50 


Petroleum 


194.87 


Ether 


109.12 


Chloride of Ethyl 


97.70 


Benzine 


127.40 


Iodide of Ethyl 


58.95 


Chloroform 


76.33 


Bromine 


50.95 


Chlorideof Carbon (CC1J 


62.30 


Bichloride of tin 


46.84 


Acetone 


153.65 


Terchloride of Arsenic 


69.74 


Water 


636.70 


Terchloride of Phosphorus 


67.24 







58 



HEAT, 



TABLE 

OF THE LINEAR EXPANSION OF VARIOUS SOLID BODIES BETWEEN 
AND 100 C. 



Substance. 


Expansion. 


Observer. 


Lead 


0.00284836 


Lavoisier. 


u 


0.00271900 


Guyton de Morveau. 


u 


0.00286667 


Smeaton. 


u 


0.00300500 


Calvert and Johnson. 


Iron, Wrought 


0.00122045 


Lavoisier and Laplace. 


u a 


0.00118203 


Dulonjx and Petit. 


u u 


0.00125833 


Smeaton. 


n it 


0.00118700 


Calvert and Johnson. 


Iron, Wire 


0.00123504 


Lavoisier. 


u u 


0.00114010 


Borda. 


Iron, Cast 


0.00111700 


Calvert and Johnson. 


u u 


0.00110940 


Roy. 


Glass, English flint 


0.00081166 


Lavoisier. 


" French " 


0.00087199 


u 


" Soft 


0.00086100 


D along and Petit 


u u 


0.00083333 


Smwiton. 


" Tube 


0.00077615 


Roy. 


" " free from Lead 


0.00087572 


Lavoisier. 


it u u u u 


0.00091751 


u 


" Rod 


0.00080787 


Roy. 


Gold, Fine 


0.00146606 


Lavoisier. 


" Paris test unannealed 


0.00155155 


u 


" " " annealed 


0.00151361 


it 


u 
u 


0.00147500 
0.00140100 


Guyton de Morveau. 

KlHcot, 


u 


0.00137400 


Calvrrt and Johnson. 


Copper 


0.00171000 


Ellin >t. 


" Hammered 


0.001 72214 


Lavoisier. 


u 


0.00176900 


Calvert and Johnson. 


w 


0.00171222 


Lavoisier. 


u 


0.00171H22 


Dulong and Petit. 


" Cast 


0.00187900 


Calvert and Johnson. 


Brass 


0.00193332 


Smeaton. 



HEAT. 



59 



Substance. 


Expansion. 


Observer. 


Brass Wire 


0.00187821 


Lavoisier. 


u u 


0.00188500 


Herbert. 


" Hammered 


0.00182800 


Calvert and Johnson. 


" Cast 


0.00186671 


Lavoisier. 


U U 


0.00193000 


Calvert and Johnson. 


It 


0.00187500 


Smeaton. 


Palladium 


0.00100000 


Wollaston. 


Platinum 


0.00088417 


Dulong and Petit. 


u 


0.00090000 


Wollaston. 


u 


0.00085700 


Guyton de Morveau. 


(( 


0.00088100 


Calvert and Johnson. 


Silver, Cupeled 


0.00190974 


Lavoisier. 


u 


0.00198800 


Guyton de Morveau. 


u 


0.00208260 


Troughton. 


" Cast 


0.00199100 


Calvert and Johnson. 


Steel, Soft 


0.00107875 


Lavoisier. 


u u 


0.00115000 


Smeaton. 


u u 


0.00103800 


Calvert and Johnson. 


" Tempered 


0.00140200 


u u 


u u 


0.00136900 


Lavoisier. 


" Rod 


0.00114470 


Roy. 


Bismuth 


0.00139167 


Smeaton. 


u 


0.00134100 


Calvert and Johnson. 


Zinc, Cast 


0.00294167 


Smeaton. 


U it 


0.00305100 


Guyton de Morveau. 


" Hammered 


0.00310833 


Smeaton. 


u u 


0.00219300 


Calvert and Johnson. 


Tin, Fine 


0.00216400 


Guyton de Morveau. 


u 


0.00209300 


Herbert. 


u 


0.00271700 


Calvert and Johnson. 


" Malacca 


0.00193765 


Lavoisier. 


" Common 


0.00248330 


Smeaton. 


Bronze 


0.00181667 


u 


Alloy 1 Zn 2 Cu 


0.00205833 


a 


Calc-spar in the Chief Axis 


0.00286000 


Mitsrherlich. 


Coal from Oak Wood 


0.00120000 


P. Henrich. 


" Fir 


O. OOIOOOOO 


u 


Marble from Carrara 


0.00084870 


Destigny. 


" " St. Beat 


0.00041810 


u 


Phosphorus from 0-39.50 


0.00142455 


Erman. 


Aluminum 


0.00221800 


Calvert and Johnson. 


Cadmium 


0.00332300 


u i* 


Antimony, Hammered 


0.00098500 


u 


Speculum Metal 


0.00193333 


Smeaton. 


Antimony 


0.00108330 


u 


Solder, Soft 


0.00250533 


u 



60 



HEAT. 



TABLE 



OF THE CUBICAL EXPANSION OF DIFFERENT SOLID BODIES FOR EACH 
INCREASE OF 1 C. OF TEMPERATURE. 



KOPP. Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie, LXXXI. 65. 



Name of Substance. 


Formula. 


Coefficient of 
Expansion. 


Antimony 


Sb 


0.000033 


Bismuth 


Bi 


0.000040 


Cadmium 


Cd 


0.000094 


Copper 


Cu 


0.000051 


Iron 


Fe 


0.000037 


Lead 


Pb 


0.000089 


Sulphur 


S 


0.000183 


Tin 


Sn 


0.000069 


Zinc 


Zn 


0.000089 


Barium, Sulphate 


BaO, S0 3 


0.000058 


Arragonite 


CaO, CO 2 


0.000065 


Dolomite 


CaO, C0 2 + MgO, C0 2 


0.000035 


Strontium, Sulphate 


SrO, S0 3 


0.000061 


Specular Iron Ore 


Fe O 


0.000040 


Iron Pyrites 


FeS 2 


0.000034 


Carbonate of Iron, Manganese, 






and Magnesia 


Fe(Mg,Mn)O,CO, 


0.000035 


Fluor Spar 


CaF 


0.000062 


Carbonate of Lime, Calc-spar 


CaO, CO, 


0.000018 


Magnetic Iron Ore 


FeA 


0.000029 


Orthoclase 


( KO, S5O 2 -f 


0.000026 




( .AlrtV^/o* OOl\_/a 


0.000017 


Quartz 


SiO a 


j 0.000042 
( 0.000039 


Rutile 


TiO, 


0.000032 


Tin Stone 


SnO a 


0.000016 


Zinc Blende 


ZnS 


0.000036 


Hard Potash Glass 




0.000021 


Soft Soda Glass 




0.000026 


" " another kind 




0.000024 


Galena 


PbS 


0.000068 



HEAT. 



61 



TABLE 

OF THE VOLUME OF A GLASS VESSEL WHEN ITS VOLUME AT 15 C. 
IS TAKEN AS UNITY. 



GERLACH S Salzlbsungen, p. 115. 



VOLUME AT 


OC. 



0.99961210 


cc. 
23 


.00020688 


1 


0.99963796 


24 


.00023274 


2 


0.99966382 


25 


.00025860 


3 


0.99968968 


26 


.00028446 


4 


0.99971554 


27 


.00031032 


5 


0.99974140 


28 


.00033618 


6 


0.99976726 


29 


.0003G204 


7 


0.99979313 


30 


.00038790 


8 


0.99981898 


35 


.00051720 


9 


0.99984484 


40 


1.00064650 


10 


0.99987070 


45 


1.00077580 


11 


0.99989656 


50 


1.00090510 


12 


0.99992242 


55 


1.00103440 


13 


0.99994828 


60 


1.00116370 


14 


0.99997414 


65 


1.00129300 


15 


.00000000 


70 


1.00142230 


16 


.00002586 


75 


1.00155160 


17 


.00005172 


80 


1.00168090 


18 


.00007758 


85 


1.00181020 


19 


.00010344 


90 


1.00193950 


20 


.00012930 


95 


1.00206880 


21 


.00015516 


100 


1.00219810 


22 


1.00018102 







62 



HEAT. 



TABLE 

OF THE EXPANSION OF GLASS. 

Calculated from Regnault s data. 

JAS T. BROWN. Jour. Chem. Society, N. S. IV. p. 80. 



t t 


1 + k (t t) 


t -t 


1 + k (f t) 


t t 


1 + k (f - t) 


35 


1.00096 


145 


1.00421 


250 


1.007(55 


40 


1.00110 


150 


1.00436 


255 


1.00780 


45 


1.00124 


155 


1.00451 


260 


1.00795 


50 


1.00138 


160 


1.00465 


265 


1.00810 


55 


1.00151 


165 


.00480 


270 


1.00826 


60 


1.00165 


170 


.00494 


275 


1.00841 


65 


1.00179 


175 


.00509 


280 


1.00856 


70 


1.00193 


180 


.00523 


285 


1.00*892 


75 


1.00207 


185 


.00551 


290 


1.00907 


80 


1.00220 


190 


.00566 


295 


1.00929 


85 


1.00241 


195 


.00581 


300 


1.00939 


90 


1.00255 


200 


.00596 


305 


1.00954 


95 


1.00269 


205 


.00610 


310 


1.001)70 


100 


1.00284 


210 


.00625 


315 


1.00985 


105 


1.00298 


215 


.00640 


320 


1.01001 


110 


1.00312 


220 


.00655 


325 


1.01017 


115 


1.00326 


225 


.00670 


330 


1.01032 


120 


1.00340 


230 


.00685 


335 


1.01048 


125 


1.00355 


235 


1.00719 


310 


1.01064 


130 


1.00369 


240 


1.00734 


345 


1.01079 


135 


1.00392 


245 


1.00749 


350 


1.01095 


140 


1.00407 











HEAT. 



G3 



TABLE 



OF THE ABSOLUTE DILATATION OF MERCURY. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de I Acadeiuie de France, Tome XXI. p. 328. 













Difference 












between 


Tempera 
ture by 
Air Ther 


Dilatation of 
Mercury from 
to T. 


Mean Coefficient 
of Dilatation from 
to T. 


Real Coefficient 
of Dilatation at T. 

d A 


Temperature 
deduced from 
; the absolute 
Dilatation of 


Thermome 
ter based on 
the absolute 
Dilatation o 


mometer 






* r 


Alercury. 


Mercury am 


T. 


Sr 


s 


dT 


e 


the Air Ther 
mometer. 












(6 - T.) 







0.000000 


0.00000000 


0.00017905 


0.000 


0.000 


10 


0.001792 


000017925 


0.00017950 


9.872 


0.128 


20 


0.003590 


0.00017951 


0.00018001 


19.776 


0.224 


30 


0.005393 


0.00017976 


0.00018051 


29.709 


0.291 


40 


0.007201 


0.00018002 


0.00018102 


39.668 


0.332 


50 


0.009013 


0.00018027 


0.00018152 


49.650 


0.350 


60 


0.010831 


0.00018052 


0.00018203 


59.665 


0.335 


70 


0.012655 


0.00018078 


0.00018253 


69.713 


0.287 


80 


0.014482 


0.00018102 


0.00018304 


79.777 


0.223 


90 


0.016315 


0.00018128 


0.00018354 


89.875 


0.125 


100 


0.018153 


0.00018153 


0.00018405 


100.000 


0.000 


110 


0.019996 


0.00018178 


0.00018455 


110.153 


-f-0.153 


120 


0.021844 


0.00018203 


0.00018505 


120.333 


0.333 


130 


0.023697 


0.00018228 


0.00018556 


130.540 


0.540 


140 


0.025555 


0.00018254 


0.00018606 


140.776 


0.776 


150 


0.027419 


0.00018279 


0.00018657 


151.044 


1.044 


160 


0.029287 


0.00018304 


0.00018707 


161.334 


1.334 


170 


0.031160 


0-00018329 


0.00018758 


171.652 


1.652 


180 


0.033039 


0.00018355 


0.00018808 


182.003 


2.003 


190 


0.034922 


0.00018380 


0.00018859 


192.376 


2.376 


200 


0.036811 


0-00018405 


0.00018909 


202.782 


2.782 


210 


0.038704 


0.00018430 


0.00018959 


213.210 


3.210 


220 


0.040603 


0.00018456 


0.00019010 


223.671 


3.671 


230 


0.042506 


0-00018481 


0.00019061 


234.154 


4.154 


240 


0.044415 


0.00018506 


0.00019111 


244.670 


4.670 


250 


0.046329 


0.00018531 


0.00019161 


255.214 


5.214 


260 


0.048247 


0-00018557 


0.00019212 


265.780 


5.780 


270 


0.050171 


0.00018582 


0.00019262 


276.379 


6.379 


280 


0.052100 


0-00018607 


0.00019313 


287.005 


7.005 


290 


0.054034 


0.00018632 


0.00019363 


297.659 


7.659 


300 


0.055973 


0.00018658 


0.00019413 


308.340 


8.340 


310 


0.057917 


0.00018683 


0.00019464 


319.048 


9.048 


320 


0.059866 


0.00018708 


0.00019515 


329.786 


9.786 


330 


0.061820 


0.00018733 


0.00019565 


340.550 


10.550 


340 


0.063778 


0.00018758 


0.00019616 


351.336 


11.336 


350 


0.065743 


0.00018784 


0.00019666 


362.160 


12.160 



HEAT. 



TABLE 

COMPARING AIR AND MERCURY THERMOMETERS MADE OF DIFFER 
ENT KINDS OF GLASS. 



REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXI. p. 239. 



Temperature 
of Air Ther 
mometer. 


Temperatures of Mercurial Thermometers. 


Crystal from 
Choisy-le-Koi. 


Common Glass. 


Green Glass. 


Ilard Swedish 
Glass. 




100 


100.00 


100.00 


100.00 


100.00 


110 


110.05 


109.98 


110.03 


110.02 


120 


120.12 


119.95 


120.08 


120.04 


130 


130.20 


129.91 


130.14 


130.07 


140 


140.29 


139.85 


140.21 


140.11 


150 


150.40 


149.80 


150.30 


150.15 


160 


1G0.52 


159.74 


160.40 


1G0.20 


170 


170.65 


169.68 


170.50 


170.26 


180 


180.80 


179.63 


180.60 


180.33 


190 


191.01 


189.65 


190.70 


190.41 


200 


201.25 


199.70 


200.80 


200.50 


210 


211.53 


209.75 


211.00 


210.61 


220 


221.82 


219.80 


221.20 


220.75 


230 


232.16 


229.85 


231.42 


230.91 


240 


242.55 


239.90 


241.60 


241.16 


250 


253.00 


250.05 


251.85 


251.44 


260 


263.44 


260.20 


262.15 




270 


273.90 


270.38 


272.50 




280 


284.48 


280.52 


282.85 




290 


295.10 


290.80 


293.30 




300 


305.72 


301.08 






310 


816.45 


311.45 






320 


327.25 


321.80 






330 


338.22 


332.40 






340 


349.30 


343.00 






350 


360.50 


354.00 







HEAT. 



G5 



TABLE 

FOR COMPARISON OF CENTIGRADE AND FAHRENHEIT THERMOMETER 

SCALES. 



Centi 
grade. 


Fahrenheit. 


Centi 
grade. 


Fahrenheit. 


Centi 
grade. 


Fahrenheit 


Centi 
grade. 


Fahrenheit 


-flOO 


+212.0 


+64 


+147.2 


+29 


+84.2 


6 


+21.2 


99 


210.2 


63 


145.4 


28 


82.4 


7 


19.4 


98 


208.4 


62 


143.6 


27 


80.6 


8 


17.6 


97 


206.6 


61 


141.8 


26 


78.8 


9 


15.8 


96 


204.8 


60 


140.0 


25 


77.0 


10 


14.0 


95 


203.0 


59 


138.2 


24 


75.2 


11 


12.2 


94 


201.2 


58 


136.4 


23 


73.4 


12 


10.4 


93 


199.4 


57 


134.6 


22 


71.6 


13 


8.6 


92 


197.6 


56 


132.8 


21 


69.8 


14 


6.8 


91 


195.8 


55 


131.0 


20 


68.0 


15 


5.0 


90 


194.0 


54 


129.2 


19 


66.2 


16 


3.2 


89 


192.2 


53 


127.4 


18 


64.4 


17 


+ 1.4 


88 


190.4 


52 


125.6 


17 


62.6 


18 


- 0.4 


87 


188.6 


51 


123.8 


16 


60.8 


19 


2.2 


86 


186.8 


50 


122.0 


15 


59.0 


20 


4.0 


85 


185.0 


49 


120.2 


14 


57.2 


21 


5.8 


84 


183.2 


48 


118.4 


13 


55.4 


22 


7.6 


83 


181.4 


47 


116.6 


12 


53.6 


23 


9.4 


82 


179.6 


46 


114.8 


11 


51.8 


24 


11.2 


81 


177.8 


45 


113.0 


10 


50.0 


25 


13.0 


80 


176.0 


44 


111.2 


9 


48.2 


26 


14.8 


79 


174.2 


43 


109.4 


8 


46.4 


27 


16.6 


78 


172.4 


42 


107.6 


7 


44.6 


28 


18.4 


77 


170.6 


41 


105.8 


6 


42.8 


29 


20.2 


76 


168.8 


40 


104.0 


5 


41.0 


30 


22.0 


75 


167.0 


39 


102.2 


4 


39.2 


31 


23.8 


74 


165.2 


38 


100.4 


3 


37.4 


32 


25.6 


73 


163.4 


37 


98.6 


2 


35.6 


33 


27.4 


72 


161.6 


36 


96.8 


+ 1 


33.8 


34 


29.2 


71 


159.8 


35 


95.0 





32.0 


35 


31.0 


70 


158.0 


34 


93.2 


1 


30.2 


36 


32.8 


69 


156.2 


33 


91.4 


2 


28.4 


37 


34.6 


68 


154.4 


32 


89.6 


3 


26.6 


38 


36.4 


67 


152.6 


31 


87.8 


4 


24.8 


39 


38.2 


66 


150.8 


+30 


+ 86.0 


5 


+ 23.0 


_40 40.0 


-|-65 


-j-149.0 













66 



HEAT. 



TABLE 

FOR THE COMPARISON OF THE FAHRENHEIT AND CENTIGRADE 
THERMOMETER SCALES. 



Fahrenheit. 


Centigrade. 


Fahrenheit. 


Centigrade. 


Fahrenheit. 


Centigrade. 


+212 


+100.00 


+174 


+ 78.89 


+136 


+57.78 


211 


99.44 


173 


78.33 


135 


57.22 


210 


98.89 


172 


77.78 


134 


56.67 


209 


98.33 


171 


77.22 


133 


56.11 


208 


97.78 


170 


76.67 


132 


55.55 


207 


97.22 


169 


76.11 


131 


55.00 


206 


96.67 


168 


75.55 


130 


54.44 


205 


96.11 


167 


75.00 


129 


53.89 


204 


95.55 


166 


74.44 


128 


53.33 


203 


95.00 


165 


73.89 


127 


52.78 


202 


94.44 


164 


73.33 


126 


52.22 


201 


93.89 


163 


72.78 


125 


51.67 


200 


93.33 


162 


72.22 


124 


51.11 


199 


92.78 


161 


71.67 


123 


50.55 


198 


92.22 


160 


71.11 


122 


50.00 


197 


91.67 


159 


70.55 


121 


49.44 


196 


91.11 


158 


70.00 


120 


48.89 


195 


90.55 


157 


69.44 


119 


48.33 


194 


90 . 00 


156 


68.89 


118 


47.78 


193 


89.44 


155 


68.33 


117 


47.22 


192 


88.89 


154 


67.78 


116 


46.67 


191 


88.33 


153 


67.22 


115 


46.11 


190 


87.78 


152 


66.67 


114 


45.55 


189 


87.22 


151 


66.11 


113 


45.00 


188 


86.67 


150 


65.55 


112 


44.44 


187 


86.11 


149 


65.00 


111 


43.89 


186 


85.55 


148 


64.44 


110 


43.33 


155 


85.00 


147 


63.89 


109 


42.78 


184 


84.44 


146 


63.33 


108 


42.22 


183 


83.89 


145 


62.78 


107 


41.67 


182 


83.33 


144 


62.22 


106 


41.11 


181 


82.78 


143 


61.67 


105 


40.55 


180 


82.22 


142 


61.11 


104 


40.00 


179 


81.67 


141 


60.55 


103 


39.44 


178 


81.11 


140 


60.00 


102 


38.89 


177 


80.55 


139 


59.44 


101 


38.33 


176 


80.00 


138 


58.89 


100 


37.78 


+175 


+ 79.44 


+137 


+58.33 


+ 99 


+37.22 



HEAT. 



67 



Fahrenheit. 


Centigrade. 


Fahrenheit. 


Centigrade. 


Fahrenheit. 


Centigrade. 


+98 


-J-36.67 


+51 


-flO.55 


-M 


15.00 


97 


36.11 


50 


10.00 


4 


15.55 


96 


35.55 


49 


9.44 


3 


16.11 


95 


35.00 


48 


8.89 


2 


16.67 


94 


34.44 


47 


8.33 


+ 1 


17.22 


93 


33.89 


46 


7.78 





17.78 


92 


33.33 


45 


7.22 


1 


18.33 


91 


32.78 


44 


6.67 


2 


18.89 


90 


32.22 


43 


6.11 


3 


19.44 


89 


31.67 


42 


5.55 


4 


20.00 


88 


31.11 


41 


5.00 


5 


20.55 


87 


30.55 


40 


4.44 


6 


21.11 


86 


30.00 


39 


3.89 


7 


21.67 


85 


29.44 


38 


3.33 


8 


22.22 


84 


28.89 


37 


2.78 


9 


22.78 


83 


28.33 


36 


2.22 


10 


23.33 


82 


27.78 


35 


1.67 


11 


23.89 


81 


27.22 


34 


1.11 


12 


24.44 


80 


26.67 


33 


+ 0.55 


13 


25.00 


79 


26.11 


32 


0.00 


14 


25.55 


78 


25.55 


31 


0.55 


15 


26.11 


77 


25.00 


30 


1.11 


16 


2G.67 


76 


24.44 


29 


1.67 


17 


27.22 


75 


23.89 


28 


2.22 


18 


27.78 


74 


23.33 


27 


2.78 


19 


28.33 


73 


22.78 


26 


3.33 


20 


28.89 


72 


22.22 


25 


3.89 


21 


29.44 


71 


21. G7 


24 


4.44 


22 


30.00 


70 


21.11 


23 


5.00 


23 


30.55 


69 


20.55 


22 


5.55 


24 


31.11 


68 


20.00 


21 


6.11 


25 


31.67 


67 


19.44 


20 


6.67 


26 


32.22 


66 


18.89 


19 


7.22 


27 


32.78 


65 


18.33 


18 


7.78 


28 


;;:;.::;} 


64 


17.78 


17 


8.33 


29 


33.89 


63 


17.22 


16 


8.89 


30 


34.44 


62 


16.67 


15 


9.44 


31 


35.00 


61 


16.11 


14 


10.00 


32 


35.55 


60 


15.55 


13 


10.55 


33 


36.11 


59 


15.00 


12 


11.11 


34 


36.67 


58 


14.44 


11 


11.67 


35 


37.22 


57 


13.89 


10 


12.22 


36 


37.78 


56 


13.33 


9 


12.78 


37 


38.33 


55 


12.78 


8 


13.33 


38 


38.89 


54 


12.22 


7 


13.89 


39 


39.44 


53 


11.67 


+ 6 


14.44 


40 


40.00 


+52 


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HEAT. 



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72 



HEAT. 



TABLE 

OF THE ELEVATION OF THE BOILING POINT BY DISSOLVING SALTS 

IN WATER. 

LEGRAND. Annales de Chemie et de Physique. 
The salts are nearly all anhydrous. 



Name of Salt. 


Boiling Point C. 


Proportion of salt 
to 100 of Water. 


Chloride of Barium 


104.40 


60.1 


Chlorate of Potassium 


104.20 


61.5 


Carbonate of Sodium 


104.63 


48.5 


Phosphate of Sodium 


106.60 


112.6 


Chloride of Potassium 


108.30 


59.4 


Chloride of Sodium 


108.40 


41.2 


Chloride of Ammonium 


114.20 


88.9 


Tartrate of Potassium 


114.67 


296.2 


Nitrate of Potassium 


115.90 


335.1 


Chloride of Strontium 


117.85 


117.5 


Nitrate of Sodium 


121.00 


224.0 


Acetate of Sodium 


124.37 


209.0 


Carbonate of Potassium 


135.00 


205.0 


Nitrate of Calcium 


151.00 


362.2 


Acetate of Potassium 


169.00 


798.2 


Chloride of Lime 


179.50 


325.0 


Nitrate of Ammonia 


180.00 


Any Amount. 



TABLE 

OF THE VOLUME OF WATER AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES. 



Temperature. 


Kopp. 


Calculated by Frank- 
enheim from Pierre s 
formulas. 


Depretz. Water 
at 4 C = 1. 




15 




.0037584 




10 




1.0016851 




9 




.0014013 


1.0016311 


8 




.0011526 


1.0013734 


7 




.0009355 


1.0011354 


6 




.0007465 


1.0009184 


5 




.0005819 


1.0006987 


4 




.0004382 


1.0005619 


3 




.0003117 


1.0004222 


2 




.0001989 


1.0003077 


j 




.0000962 


1.0002138 



HEAT. 



73 



Temperature. 


Kopp. 


Calculated by Frank- 
enheim from Pierre s 
formulas. 


Depretz. Water 
at4C = l. 


o 



1.000000 


1.0000000 


1.0001269 


+ 1 


0.999947 


0.9999458 


1.0000730 


2 


0.999908 


0.9999094 


.0000331 


3 


0.999885 


0.9998878 


.0000083 


4 


0.999877 


0.9998820 


.0000000 


5 


0.999883 


0.9998903 


.0000082 


6 


0.999903 


0.9999148 


.0000309 


7 


0.999938 


0.9999524 


.0000708 


8 


0.999986 


.0000044 


.0001216 


9 


1.000048 


.0000694 


.0001879 


10 


1.000124 


.0001482 


.0002684 


11 


1.000213 


.0002392 


.0003598 


12 


1.000314 


.0003420 


.0004724 


13 


1.000429 


.0004557 


.0005862 


14 


1.00055*; 


.0005877 


.0007146 


15 


1.000695 


.0007275 


.0008751 


16 


1.000846 


.0008784 


.0010215 


17 


1.001010 


.0010404 


.0012067 


18 


1.001184 


.0012132 


.0013900 


19 


1.001370 


.0013965 


.0015800 


20 


1.001567 


.0015940 


.0017900 


21 


1.001776 


.0017997 


.0020000 


22 


1.001995 


1.0020108 


.0022200 


23 


1.0022-2.-) 


1.0022310 


.0024400 


24 


1.0024G5 


1.0024648 


.0027100 


25 


1.002715 


.0027075 


.0029300 


26 




.0029588 


.0032100 


27 




.0032211 


.0034500 


28 




.0034944 


.0037400 


29 




.0037758 


.0040300 


30 


1.004064 


.0040710 


.0043300 


35 


1.005697 


.0056770 


.0059300 


40 


1.007531 


1.0075120 


.0077300 


45 


1.009541 


1.0095625 


.0098500 


50 


1.011766 


1.0118150 


.0120500 


55 


1.014100 


1.0143596 


.0144500 


60 


1.016590 


1.0171180 


.0169800 


65 


.019302 


1.0199465 


.0196700 


70 


.022246 


1.0229376 


.(225500 


75 


.025440 


1.0260782 


.0256200 


80 


.028581 


1.0293600 


.0288500 


85 


.031894 


1.0327692 


.0322500 


90 


.035397 


1.0362943 


.0356600 


95 


.039094 


1.0399247 


.0392500 


-j-100 


.042986 


1.0436490 


.0431500 



HEAT. 



TABLE 

OP THE TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF ABSOLUTE ALCOHOL. 

Calculated from RcynaulCs data by Bunsen. 



Centi 
grade. 


Tenths of Degrees. 


0.0 


0.1 


0. 


0.3 


0.4 


o. 


0.6 


O.T 


0.8 


0.9 


o 



mm. 
12.73 


12.82 


12.91 


13.01 


13.10 


13.19 


13.28 


13.37 


13.46 


13.56 


1 


13.65 


13.74 


13.84 


13.93 


14.03 


14.12 


14.22 


14.31 


14.41 


14.50 


2 


14.60 


14.70 


14.79 


14.89 


14.99 


15.09 


15.19 


15.29 


15.39 


15.49 


3 


15.59 


15.69 


15.79 


15.90 


16.00 


16.10 


16.21 


16.31 


16.41 


16.52 


4 


16.62 


16.73 


16.84 


16.95 


17.05 


17.16 


17.27 


17.38 


17.48 


17.59 


5 


17.70 


17.82 


17.93 


18.04 


18.16 


18.27 


18.38 


18.50 


18.61 


18.73 


6 


18.84 


18.96 


19.08 


19.20 


19.32 


19.44 


19.56 


19.68 


19.80 


19.92 


7 


20.04 


20.17 


20.30 


20.43 


20.55 


20.68 


20.81 


20.93 


21.06 


21.19 


8 


21.31 


21.45 


21.58 


21.72 


21.85 


21.99 


22.12 


22.25 


22.39 


22.52 


9 


22.66 


22.80 


22.94 


23.08 


23.23 


23.37 


23.51 


23.65 


23.79 


23.:u 


10 


24.08 


24.23 


24.38 


24.53 


24.68 


24.83 


24.99 


25.14 


25.29 


25.44 


11 


25.59 


25.75 


25.91 


26.07 


26.23 


26.39 


26.55 


26.71 


26.87 


27.03 


12 


27.19 


27.36 


27.53 


27.70 


27.87 


28.04 


28.21 


28.38 


28.55 


28.72 


13 


28.89 


29.07 


29.25 


29.43 


29.61 


29.79 


29.97 


30.15 


30.23 


30.51 


14 


30.69 


30.88 


31.07 


31.26 


31.45 


31.64 


31.84 


32.03 


32.22 


32.41 


15 


32.60 


32.80 


33.01 


33.21 


33.41 


33.61 


33.82 


34.02 


84.22 


34.42 


16 


34.62 


34.84 


35.05 


35.27 


35.48 


35.70 


35.91 


36.13 


36.34 


36.56 


17 


36.77 


37.00 


37.23 


37.45 


37.68 


37.91 


38.14 


38.36 


38.59 


38.82 


18 


39.05 


39.29 


39.53 


39.77 


40.01 


40.25 


40.49 


40.73 


40.97 


41.21 


19 


41.45 


41.71 


41.96 


42.22 


42.47 


42.73 


42.98 


43.24 


43.49 


43.75 


20 


44.00 


44.27 


44.54 


44.81 


45.08 


45.35 


45.61 


45.88 


46.15 


46.42 


21 


46.69 


46.98 


47.26 


47.55 


47.83 


48.12 


48.40 


48.69 


48.97 


49.26 


22 


49.54 


49.84 


50.14 


50.44 


50.74 


51.04 


51.34 


51.64 


51.94 


.V2.LM 


23 


52.54 


52.86 


53.17 


53.49 


53.81 


54 12 


54.44 


54.75 


55.07 


55.38 


24 


55.70 


56.04 


56.37 


56.70 


57.03 


57.37 


57.70 


58.03 


58.36 


58.70 


25 


59.03 


59.38 


59.73 


60.08 


60.43 


60.78 


61.13 


61.48 


61.83 


62.18 


26 


62.53 


62.90 


63.27 


63.64 


64.01 


64.37 


64.74 


65.11 


65.48 


65.85 


27 


66.22 


66.60 


66.99 


67.38 


67.77 


68.15 


68.54 


68.93 


69.31 


69.70 


28 


70.02 


70.49 


70.89 


71.89 


71.69 


72.09 


72.49 


72.89 


73.29 


73.69 


29 


74.09 


74.53 


74.96 


75.39 


75.82 


76.25 


76.68 


77.12 


77.55 


77.98 


30 


78.40 





















HEAT. 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF ALCOHOL. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXVI. p. 374. 

In this and the following Tables of Tensions of Vapor the Temperature 
is in degrees of the Air Thermometer. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 




20 


mm. 
3.34 


o 
20 


mm. 
44.46 




60 


mm. 
350.21 


o 
95 


mm. 
1425.13 


135 


mm. 
4964.22 


15 


5.10 


25 


59.37 


65 


436.90 


100 


1697.55 


1405674.59 


10 


6.47 


30 


78.52 


70 


541.15 


105 


2010.38 


1456458.10 


5 


9.09 


35 


102.91 


75 


665.54 


110 


2367.64 


150 7318.40 





12.70 


40 


133.69 


78.26 


760.00 


115 


2773.40 


155 


8259.19 


-f 5 


17.62 


45 


172.18J 80 


812.91 


120 


3231.73 






10 


24.23 


50 


219.90 85 


986.40 


125 


3746.88 






15 


32.98 


55 


278.59J 90 


1189.30 


130 


4323.00 







TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF ETHER. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXVI. p. 392. 



Tem- 
pera- 
ature 


Tension 

mm. 
68.90 
89.31 
114.72 
146.06 
184.39 
230.89 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


o 
20 

15 
10 
5 

-1-5 




10 
15 
20 
25 
30 
34.97 


mm. 

286.83 
353.62 
432.78 
525.93 
634.80 
760.00 




35 
40 
45 
50 
55 
60 


mm. 
761.20 
907.04 
1074.15 
1264.83 
1481.06 
1725.01 


o 
65 
70 
75 
80 
85 
90 


mm. 
1998.87 
2304.90 
2645.41 
3022.79 
3439.53 
3898.26 




95 
100 
105 
110 
115 
120 


mm. 
4401.81 
4953.30 
5556.23 
6214.63 
6933.26 
7719.20 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF BISULPHIDE OF CARBON. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXVI. p. 402. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 

55 
60 
65 
70 
75 
80 
85 
90 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


o 
20 
15 
10 
5 


+ * 
10 

15 


mm. 
47.30 
61.64 
79.44 
101.29 
127.91 
160.01 
198.46 
244.13 




20 
25 
30 
35 

40 
45 
46.20 
50 


mm. 
298.03 
361.13 
434.62 
519.66 
617.53 
729.53 
760.00 
857.07 


mm. 
1001.57 
1164.51 
1347.52 
1552.09 
1779.88 
2032.53 
2311.70 
2619.08 


o mm. 
95 2966.34 
1003325.15 
1053727.19 
1104164.06 
1154637.41 
1205148.79 
1-j:. 5t?99.69 
1306291.60 


o 
135 
140 
145 
150 


mm. 
6925.90 
7603.96 
8326.92 
9095.94 



76 



HEAT. 



TENSIOX OF THE VAPOR OF CHLOROFORM. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXVI. p. 415. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tcm- 

JM IM- 

ture. 


Tension. 


TM11- 

]>cni- 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem- 

]>tT;i- 

ture. 


Tension. 


+20 
25 
30 
35 
40 
45 
50 


mm. 

160.47 

200.18 
247.51 
303.49 
369.26 
446.01 
535.05 




55 

60 
60.16 
65 
70 
75 
80 


mm. 
637.71 
755.44 
760.00 
889.72 
1042.11 
1214.20 
1407.64 




85 
90 
95 
100 
105 
110 
115 


mm. 

1624.10 

1865.22 
2132.85 
2428.54 
2754.03 
3110.99 
3501.03 




120 
125 
130 
135 
140 
145 
150 


mm. 

3925.74 

4386.60 
4885.10 
5422.53 
6000.16 
6619.20 
7280.62 




155 
160 
165 


mm. 
7985.35 
8734.20 

1)527.82 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF BENZINE. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 428. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


-20 


mm. 
5.79 




20 


mm. 
75.65 


o 
60 


mm. 

390.10 




95 


mm. 
1167.46 




135 


mm. 
3158.51 


15 


8.82 


25 


95.91 


65 


463.43 


100 


1340.05 


140 


3520.73 


10 


12.92 


30 


120.24 


70 


547.42 


105 


1531.83 


145 


3912.11 


5 


18.33 


35 


149.26 


75 


643.18 


110 


17-4 1.12 


150 


4333.71 





25.31 


40 


183.62 


80 


751.86 


115 


1978.22 






+ 5 


34.17 


45 


224.06 


80.36 


760.00 


120 


2235.44 






10 


45.25 


50 


271.37 


85 


874.63 


125 


2517.06 






15 


58.93 


55 


326.41 


90 


1012.75 


130 


2824.35 







TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF CHLORIDE OF CARBON, (C,C1 8 ). 
REGXAULT. Memoirea de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 439. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem- 

]HT;I- 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


o 
20 


9.80 




25 


mm. 
114.30 


o 
70 


mm. 
621.15 


o 
110 


mm. 
1887.44 


o 
155 


mm. 
5010.21 


15 


13.55 


30 


142.27 


75 


725.66 


115 


2129.15 


160 


5513.14 


10 


18.47 


35 


175.55 


76.5 


760.00 


120 


2393.67 


165 


6053.83 


5 


24.83 


40 


214.81 


80 


48.29 


125 


2682.41 


170 


6634.37 





32.95 


45 


260.82 


85 


975.12 


130 


2!>!M;.SS 


175 


7256.87 


+ 5 


43.19 


50 


314.38 


90 


1122.2(5 


1 35 


8338.56 


180 


7923.55 


10 


55.97 


55 


376.29 


95 


1286.86 


140 


8709.04 


1 s:> 


8636.78 


15 


71.73 


60 


447.43 


100 


1467.09 


145 


4109.99 


190 


9399.02 


20 


90.99 


65 


528.74 


105 


1667.19 


150 


4543.13 







HEAT. 



77 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF CHLORIDE OF ETHYL. 
REGXAULT. Memoires de r Acaclomia de France, Tome XXVI. p. 446. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


o 
30 
25 
20 
15 
10 
5 


mm. 

110.24 

145.01 
187.85 
239.60 
302.09 
376.72 






+ 5 

10 
12.5 
15 

20 


mm 
465.18 
569.32 
691.11 
760.00 
832.56 
996.23 




25 
30 
35 
40 
45 
50 


mm. 
1184.17 

1398.99 

1643.24 
1619.58 
2230.71 
2579.40 


o 
55 

60 
65 

7o 
75 
80 


mm. 
2668.43 
3400.54 
3878.52 
4405.03 
4982.72 
5614.11 


o 
85 
90 
95 
100 


mm. 

6301.61 

7n47.f)l 
7853.92 

8722.76 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF BROMIDE OF ETHYL. 
REGXAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 453. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 




30 


mm. 
32.18 


10 


mm. 

257.40 




45 


uim. 
947.28 


o 
85 


mm. 
3000.63 




1 _>:> 


mm. 

7362.25 





44.06 


15 


316.92 


50 


1112.79 


90 


3398.95 


130 8116.49 


20 


59.16 


20 


387.03 


55 


1300.35 


95 


3835.53 


i:::> 8921.92 


15 


78.09 


25 


469.07 


60 


1511.92 


100 


4312.32 


140 


9779.56 


10 


101.54 


30 


564.51 


65 


1749.47 


105 


4831.22 






5 


130.58 


35 


674.92 


70 


2015.06 


110 


5394.01 









665.57 


83.37 


760.00 


75 


2310.73 


115 


6002.41 






_t 


207.21 


40 


801.92 


80 


2638.57 


120 


6658.00 







TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF IODIDE OF ETHYL. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 456. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 







mm. 
41.95 


o 
15 


mm. 
87.64 


o 
30 


mm. 
169.07 




45 


mm. 

803.77 




60 


mm. 
512.2.") 


1.-) 


54.14 


20 


110.02 


35 


207.09 


50 


364.00 






10 


69.20 


25 


136.95 


40 


251.73 


55 


433.21 







78 



HEAT. 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF WOOD SPIRIT. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 460. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 

o 
85 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 




30 


mm. 
2.G7 




10 


mm. 
50.13 


o 
50 


mm. 
381.68 


nun. 
1470.92 


o 
125 


mm. 
4980.55 


25 


4.14 


15 


67.11 


55 


472.20 


90 


1741.67 


130 


5691.30 


20 


6.27 


20 


88.67 


60 


579.93 


95 


2051.71 


135 


6479.32 


15 


9.29 


25 


115.99 


65 


707.33 


100 


2405.15 


140 


7337.10 


10 


13.47 


30 


149.99 


66.78 


760.00 


105 


2806.27 


145 


8308.87 


5 


19.17 


35 


192.01 


70 


857.10 


110 


3259.60 


150 


9361.35 





26.82 


40 


243.51 


75 


1032.14 


115 


3769.80 






Jtj 


36.89 


45 


306.13 


80 


1238.47 


120 


4341.77 







TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF ACETONE. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 472. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


+20 
25 
30 
35 
40 
45 


mm. 

179.63 
226.27 
281.00 
345.15 
420.15 
507.52 


50 
55 
56.3 
60 
65 


mm. 

602.86 

7-25.95 
760.00 

SCO.-! 8 
1014.32 


o 
70 
75 
80 
85 
00 


mm. 
1189.38 
1387.62 
1611.05 
1861.81 
2141.66 


o 

95 
100 
105 
110 
115 


mm. 
2452.81 
2797.27 
3177.00 
3593.96 
4050.02 




120 
125 
130 
135 

1-iO 


mm. 
4546.86 
5086.25 
5669.72 
6298.68 
6974.43 



TENSION OF THK VAPOR OF BROMIDE OF ETIIYLENE. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 468. 



Tem 




Tc-m- 


Tem- 


Tern- 




Tem- 




pera 


Tension. 


}::>- Tension. 


]UT;I- 


Tension. 


pera- 


Tension. 


perft- 


Tension. 


ture. 




tu re. 




ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




-2.-, 


nun 

1.55 


o 
30 


mm. 

17.20 


o 
85 


mm. 

172.92 


o 
135 


mm. 
833.26 


o 
190 


mm. 
3020.83 


20 


1.73 


85 


21.80 


90 


206.58 


140 


953.00 


1,95 


3833.45 


15 


2.03 


JO 


27.49 


95 


245.51 


145 


1085.89 


200 


8668.86 


10 




!."> 


34.47 


100 


290.48 


150 


1282.88 


205 


4026.25 


5 


3.0!) 


50 


4 _>.!)!> 


105 


342.11 


155 


1394.78 


210 


4407.52 





;;.!2 


:>. ; 


53.31 


no 


401.08 


160 


1572.49 


215 


4812.84 


-M 


5.01 


GO 


<;:>.:;> 


115 


468.13 


165 


1766.99 


220 


5242.61 


10 


6.42 


65 


80.64 


120 


;,i t.06 


170 


1979.14 


22.-) 


5597.17 


15 


8.25 


7o 


9s.;5<; 


125 


629.66 


175 


22<>M.77 


230 


6176.87 


20 


10.57 


::> HD.34 


130 


7 2:. 7 7 


180 


8459.78 


235 


6681.92 


25 


13.51 


80 141.02 


131.6 


760.00 185 


2729.84 


240 


7212.51 



HEAT. 



79 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF CHLORIDE OF SILICON (SiCl 2 ). 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 47G. 



Tem 




Tem 




Tem 




Tem 




Tem 


pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


pera- Tension. 


ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




ture. 1 


o 


mm. 





mm. 





mm. 





mm. 


o i mm. 


23 


19.66 


5 


60.52 


15 


157.74 


35 


356.83 


55 1 715.44 


20 


26.49 





78.62 


20 


195.86 


40 


429.08 


56.81 ! 760.00 


15 


35.28 


+ 5 


99.59 


25 


241.15 


45 


512.32 


60 837.23 


10 


46.46 


10 


125.90 


30 


294.49 


50 


607.46 


65 I 973.74 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF TERCHLORIDE OF PHOSPHORUS. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 478. 



Tem 




Tem 




Tem 




Tem 




Tem 




pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


po r;i- 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




ture. 







mm. 

37.98 


o 
20 


mm. 

100.55 




40 


mm. 

233.78 


o 
55 


mm. 
408.46 


o 
70 


mm. 
674.23 


+ 5 


49.09 


25 


125.59 


45 


283.46 


60 


485.63 


73.80 


760.00 


10 


62.88 


30 


155.65 


50 


341.39 


65 


573.86 


::> 


787.61 


15 


79.85 


35 


191.45 















TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF TERCIILORIDE OF BORON. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 480. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 



30 


Tension. 


Tem 
pi 1 ra- 
turo. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem- 

l-ra- 
ture. 


Tension. 


mm. 
98.25 


5 


mm. 
310.30 


18.23 


mm. 

760.00 


40 


mm. 
1535.25 


6?5 


mm. 
3010.24 


2.") 


125.68, 





381.32 


20 


807.50 


45 


l 775.69 


70 


3392.12 


20 
15 


159.46 
200.69 


4-5 
10 


465.03 
562.94 


25 

30 


957.29 
1127.50 


50 
55 


2042.25 
2336.17 


75 

80 


3804.79 

4 24*. 28 


10 


250.54 


15 


676.57 


35 


1319.66 


60 


2658.52 


85 


4720.11 



80 



HEAT. 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF CHLORIDE OF CYANOGEN. 



REQNAULT. Memoires de 1> Academic de France, Tome XXVI. p. 484. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem- 
perfr 

ture. 


Tension. 




30 
25 
20 
15 
10 


mm. 
68.30 
103.38 
148.21 
203.58 
270.51 


o 
5 


+ 5 
10 
12.G6 


mm. 
350.20 
444.11 
553.99 
681.92 
760.00 




15 
20 
25 
30 
35 


mm. 
830.30 
1001.87 
1199.76 
1427.43 
1688.74 


o 
40 
45 
50 
55 
60 


mm. 
1987.96 
2329.77 
2719.29 
3162.11 
3664.24 




65 
70 
75 


mm. 

4232.24 

4873.19 
5594.58 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF OIL OF TURPENTINE. 



REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXVI. p. G01. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem- 

|mra- 
ture. 


Tension. 

mm. 
26.46 
40.64 
61.30 
90.61 
131.11 
185.62 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


1 Tern- 
Tension, pcr.-i- 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 



10 
20 
30 
40 
50 


mm. 
2.07 
2.94 
4.45 

6.87 
10.80 
16.98 


o 
60 
70 
80 
90 
100 
110 


o 
120 
130 
140 
150 
155 
159.2 


mm. | 
257.21] 160 
348.98 165 
464.021 170 
605.20 175 
686.37j 180 
760.00 185 


mm. 
775.09 
871.27 
975.42 
1090.11 
1207.92 
1336.45 




190 
195 
200 


mm. 

1 173.24 

1618.26 
1771.47 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF SULPHUR. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 530. 



Tem 




Tem 




Tem 




T.-m- 




Tem- 




pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


piTH- 


Tension. 


IMTH- 


Tension. 


ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




ttire. 




turr. 






390 


mm. 
272.31 


430 


mm. 

560.98 




470 


mm. 

1<H;;U7 


510 


mm. 

1871.57 




550 


mm. 
3086.51 


400 


328.98 


1 10 


663.11 


480 


1232.70 


520 


2133.80 


5!0 .W5.33 


410 


395.20 


450 


779.89 


490 


1422.88 


530 


2421.97 


570 US77.0S 


420 


472.11 


460 


912.74 


500 


1635.32 


540 


2739.21 


1 



HEAT. 



81 



TENSION" OF THE VAPOR OF SULPHUROUS ACID. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 590. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


o 

30 
25 

20 
15 
10.08 


mui. 
287.47 
373.79 

479.46 
607.90 
760.00 


o 

10 
5 


-(-.5 


mm. 

762.48 

946.90 
1165.06 
1421.14 


o 
10 
15 
20 
25 


mm. 
1799.55 

2064.90 
2462.05 
2915.97 


o 
30 
35 
40 
45 


mm. 
3431.80 
4014.78 
4670.28 
5403.52 




50 
55 
60 
65 


mm. 
6220.01 
7125.02 

8123.80 
9221.40 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF OXIDE OF METHYL. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de I Acaddmie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 593. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


o 
30 


mm. 
576.54 


o 
20 


mm. 
882.00 


o 
5 


mm. 

1572.51 


o 
10 


mm. 
2628.97 




25. 


mm. 
4151.00 


25 


716.08 15 


1077.67 





1879.02 


15 


3079.80 


30 


4777.99 


23.65 


760.00 


10 


1306.63 


+5 


2229.93 


20 3586.01 







TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF CHLORIDE OF METHYL. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 595. 



Tem 




Tern- | 


Tem 




Tem 


1 Tern- 




pera 


Tension. 


pera- 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. ; pera- 


Tension. 


ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




ture. 


j ture. 




o 
30 


mm. 
578.99 




20 


mm. 

888.25 


o 
5 


mm. 

157JS.70 


o 
10 


mm. I o 
2663.81 2:> 


mm. 
4267.40 


25 


717.76 


15 


1079.20 





1891.00 


15 


3134.10. 30 


4940.46 


23.73 1 760.00 


10 ,1309.61 


+ 5 


2251.08 


20 


3666.95! 35 


5691.08 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF AMMONIA. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 607. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


-38?5 
30 
25 
20 
15 
10 


760.00 
866.09 
1104.28 
1392.13 
1736.48 
2144.62 




5 



+ 5 
10 

15 
20 


mm 
2624.22 
3183.34 
3830.34 
4574.03 
5423.40 
G3S7.78 


Q 

25 

30 
35 
40 
45 
50 


mm. 
7477.00 
8700.97 
10070.18 
11595.30 
13287.31 
15158.33 


o 
55 
60 
65 
70 
75 
80 


mm. 
17219.78 
19482.10 
21965.13 
24675.55 
27629.98 
30843.09 


85 
90 
95 

100 


mm. 
34330.87 
38109.22 
42195.71 
46608.24 



82 



HEAT. 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF SULPHURETTED HYDROGEN. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academie de France, Tome XXVI. p. 616. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 



35 

40 
45 
50 


Tension. 

ii.in. 
20224.31 
22582.46 
24954.26 
27814.77 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 




-61.8 
25 
20 
15 
10 


inm. 
760.00 

8749.33 

4438.45 
5196.52 
6084.57 


o 
5 


+ 5 

10 


mm. 
7066.03 
8206.29 
9490.80 
10896.32 




15 
20 
25 
30 


nun. 
12447.94 
14151.51 
16012.39 
18035.35 


o 
55 
60 
65 
70 


mm. 
30690.69 
33740.16 

;}<;!><; i.f>r, 
40353.25 



TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF CARBONIC ACID. 
REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXVI. p. 625. 



Tem 




Tem 




Tem 




Tem 




Tem- 




pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


pera 


Tension. 


pt-ru- 


Tension. 


ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




ture. 




o 
78.2 


mm. 
760.00 


10 


in in. 
20340.20 


+ 


mm. 

30753.80 


o 
20 


mm. 
44716.58 




:;:, 


mm. 
62447.30 


25 


13007.02 


5 23441.34 


10 


34998.65 


25 


50207.32 


40 69184.45 


20 15142.44 


26906.60 


15 


39646.86 


30 


56119.05 


45 


73314.60 


1511 7582.48 


I 















TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF PROTOXIDE OF NITROGEN. 
REGNAULT. Memoirea de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXVI. p. 631. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Tension. 




87.9 

2.- 
20 


mm. 
760.00 
15694.88 
17586.58 


o mm. 

15 i9;s.j.:i:i 

1<) -22008.05 
* 5 24579.20 


o mm. 
027420.97 
-f- 530558.64 
1031019.09 


o 

18 

20 
25 


mm. 
37831.66 
42027.88 
46641.40 


o 
30 
35 
40 


mm. 
51708.55 
57268.08 
63359.78 



NOTE. Tables for tension of vapor of Water and Mercury will be 
found in the next section. 



HEAT. 



83 



TABLE 



OF UNITS OF HEAT EVOLVED BY THE COMBINATION OF EQUIVA 
LENTS, IN GRAMMES, OF SOME OF THE ELEMENTS. 

TJie quantity of Heat necessary to raise 1 gramme of Water at C. one 
degree, being unity. Hydrogen = 1. Those marked F. S. are by Favre 
and Silbermann, A. by Andrews. Those marked * were calculated, the 
others observed. 

MILLER. Chem. Physics, p. 309. 



Elements. 


Observers. 


Oxygen. 


Chlorine. 


Bromine. 


Iodine. 


Sulphur. 


Hydrogen 


F. S. 


34462 


23783 


*9322 


*3606 


*2741 


Carbon 


F. S. 


24240 










Sulphur 


F. S. 


17780 










Phosphorus 


A. 


36072 










Potassium 


A. 




104476 








u 


F. S. 




*100960 


*90188 


*77268 


*45638 


Sodium 


F. S. 




94847 








Zinc 


A. 


42282 


50658 


40640 


26617 




u 


F. S. 


*42451 


*50296 






*20940 


Iron 


A. 


33072 


32695 


23833 


8046 




u 


F. S. 


*37828 


*49651 






*17753 


Tin 


A. 


33519 


*31722 








Arsenic 


A. 




24992 








Antimony 
Copper 


Dulong 
Dulong 


47000 
19152 


A 30401 
30404 








it 


F. S. 


*21885 


89524 






*9133 


Lead 


F. S. 


*27}75 


*44730 


*32802 


*23208 


*9556 


Silver 


F. S. 


*6113 


*34800 


*25618 


*18651 


*5524 



84 



HEAT. 



HEAT EVOLVED DURING COMBUSTION IN OXYGEN. 

Heat unit = 1 gramme of water at C. raised 1. 

MILLER. Chem. Physics, p. 299. 



"ibstance burned. 


Heat units 
evolved by 
combustion 
of 1 gramme 
of substance. 


Heat units 
evolved by 
combination 
of 1 gramme 
of Oxygen. 


Heat units 
evolved by 

S trnmnm s 
(leqt.)of 
Oxygen. 


Com 
pound 
formed. 


Observers. 


Hydrogen 


34462 


4307 


34462 


HO 


F. & S.* 


a 


34743 


4343 


34743 


tt 


Dulong 


Carbon 


8080 


3030 


24240 


C0 2 


F. & : 


u 


7912 


6967 


23736 


tt 


Despretz 


Sulphur 


2220 


2220 


17760 


SO 3 


F. & S. 


u 


2307 


2307 


18456 


it 


Andrews 


it 


2601 


2601 


20808 


tt 


Dulong 


Phosphorus 


5747 


4509 


36072 


P0 6 


Andrews 


u 


5669 


4394 


35148 


tt 


Abria 


Zinc 


1301 


5285 


42282 


ZnO 


Andrews 


n 


1298 


5273 


42185 


tt 


Dulong 


Iron 


1576 


4134 


33072 


Fe 3 4 


Andrews 


u 


1702 


4340 


34720 


tt 


Dulong 


Cobalt 


1080 


3995 


31960 


? 


tt 


Nickel 


1006 


3723 


29784 


NiO 


tt 


Tin 


1233 


4545 


36360 


Sn0 2 


it 


tt 


1144 


4230 


33519 


tt 


Andrews 


Antimony 


961 


5875 


47000 


SbO 4 


Dulong 


Copper 


G02 


2394 


19152 


CuO 


Andrews 


tt 


632 


2512 


20096 


tt 


Dulong 


Carbonic Oxide 


2634 


4609 


36876 


co a 


u 


u u 


2431 


4258 


34034 


tt 


Andrews 


tt u 


2403 


4205 


33642 


tt 


F. &S. 


Protoxide of Tin 


534 


4473 


35784 


SnO, 


Dulong 


u u 


521 


4349 


34792 


tt 


Andrews 


Suboxide of Copper 

It it 


256 
244 


2288 
2185 


18304 
17480 


CuO 

tt 


tt 
Dulong 


Cyanogen 


5195 


4221 


33768 


a 


tt 


Marsh Gas 


13063 


3266 


26128 




F. & S. 


it tl 


13185 


3296 


26368 




Dulong 


Olefiant Gas 


11942 


3483 


27864 




Andrews 


it tt 


11858 


3458 


27664 




F. &S. 


tt tt 


12030 


3514 


28112 




Dulong 


Alcohol 


6909 


3311 


26488 




it 


tt 


6850 


3282 


26256 




Andrews 


u 


7183 


3442 


27536 




F. &S. 


Ether 


9027 


3480 


27840 




tt 


Olive Oil 


9862 








Dulong 


Oil of Turpentine 


10852 


3294 


26352 




F. & S. 


Bisulphide of Carbon 


3401 


2692 


21536 




ti 



* F. & S., Favre and Silbermann. 



HEAT. 






85 



QUANTITIES OF HEAT DISENGAGED BY THE ACTION OF BROMINE 
AND IODINE. 

MILLER. Chem. Physics, p. 300. 



Elements. 


Heat units 
evolved by 
combination 
of I gramme 
of the sub 
stance. 


Heat units 
evolved by 
combination 
of 1 gramme 
of Iodine or 
Bromine. 


Heat units 
evolved by 
combination 
of 1 eqt. of 
Bromine or 
lodiiie. 


Com 
pound 
pro 
duced. 


Observer. 


Bromine. 


Zinc 
Iron 


1269 
1277 


508 
298 


40640 jZnBr 1 Andrews 
23833 ]Fe 2 Br 3 | " 


Iodine. 


Zinc 
Iron 


819 

463 


209 
63 


26617 
8046 


Znl 

Fe^ 


Andrews 
u 



QUANTITIES OF HEAT DISENGAGED BY THE ACTION OF CHLORINE. 
MILLER. Chem. Physics, p. 300. 



Elements. 


Heat units 
evolved by 
combination 
of 1 gramme 
of the Ele 
ment. 


Heat unite 
evolved by 
combination 
of 1 gramme 
of Chlorine. 


Heat units 
evolved by 
combination 
of 1 eqt. of 
Chlorine. 


Com 
pound 
pro 
duced. 


Observer. 


Hydrogen 


24087 


678 


24087 


HC1 


Abria 


u 


237S3 


670 


23783 


u 


F. &S. 


Phosphorus 
Potassium 


3422? 
2655 


607 
2943 


21o48 
104476 


PCI. ? 
KC1 


Andrews 
u 


Zinc 


1529 


1427 


50658 


ZnCl 


u 


Iron 


1745 


921 


32095 


Fe,d 3 


u 


Tin 


1079 


897 


31722 


Sn CL, 


14 


Antimony- 


707 


860 


30401 


SbCl 3 


U 


Arsenic 


994 


704 


24992 


AsCl, 


u 


Copper 


961 


859 


30494 


CuCl 


u 


Mercury 


? 


822 


29181 


? 


u 



8G 



CASES. 



I I 3 

^ 



2 ^ 

^ W 



8 I 



i 

I 



CM O 
!> -^ 
t- CO 


CO 


I 




O 3 


CM CO 
t- -f 
OO CO 


CO 

CO 
Oi 



OS 




-w 


CO 
00 O 

1- 05 

r-> CS 

I 1 


CO 


r- \ 


CM 

CM 

Oi 




1 


CM 

CO 1C 

2 S 

II f 1 


<N 

T-t 


OS 




}! 


10 

o oo 

CM O 

I ( 1 1 


T-H 

> 1 


CM 

oo 

CS 
OS 


rf 


d 
c 
S 


O O CO O 

^ GO CO CO 
O .-i CO O 

i 1 i 1 rH 


O t>. 

o o o 

CO CO CO 
O OO Ci 
1 


1 


J 


H 


0000 
^0-^0 
Til O 00 t 

Tt co CM t 


00 

t^ CM 05 

t^ CO rH 




r- 1 


1 


II 


CO 

cj o t^ o 

CC C5 O OJ 
"^ CO CO (M 


o o co o o 

CO 00 
CM <M O " -t 1 


OS O O O 

~t o o o 

CO CM O CM 

CM rH TH f-l 


J 












a 


CO 

<-H O -OO O 


OOOCOOJt^OO 
OOO MiOOiOO 


O O O O O O t^ O 


* 


f 


S S S T? 


T^CO-fiOiO O-^f-^f 


COCOCO CMfMCMCOCM 





OQ 








EM 


IN 


CO O O O 

oo o .-H o 


COOOOCOOQOOO 
COOOO>Oi IO5OO 


COCO OOiOOOOO 
iO^- OOGMOiOO 




f S 


CO 10 ^t 


t^^,^^oiOiO-t^ 


-rco cocococococo 














i 


0) CO 


CO CO CO CO 

oj o^J (>^j o(5 


CO* CO* CO CO CO 




o 


PH<5fe^ 


^<-^^ fefefe ^<5 


fe^^^p^ 




5 


o . 

"C 

,~ -. O 

^3 5 "* 


o o 

s 1 1. 8 

2 a-5 ^^ 

^ B g 3 g^ ^ 

1 eU UU S2 
5 <JB KK 6 


o o 

al l-.g 1 

ir^l i 





TABLES 



FOR GAS ANALYSIS 



GASES. 89 

FORMULAS 

FOR THE WEIGHTS, VOLUMES, AND DENSITIES OF GASES. 

Volume of a gas at C. and 760 mm. when its volume at a given tem 
perature and pressure is known. 

F V 1 * - 

1 + 0.00367* A 760* 

F = volume at C. 760 mm., 

V = the observed volume, 

h = " " pressure in mm. of mercury reduced to C. 

Density at C. and 760 mm. when the density at a given temperature 
and pressure is known. 

760 
D = D (1 + 0.00367 - A - . 

D = density at C. and 760 mm., 
D - = observed density. 

To determine the density of a gas or vapor by Gay-Lussac s method. 

w 

= 



w = the weight of the vapor, 
V = the observed volume, 

Ji = " pressure in mm. of mercury at C., 
t = temperature of the vapor, 
0.001293 = weight of 1 cubic centimetre of air at C. and 760mm. 

To determine the density of a vapor by Dumas s method. 

W (W tr) 



When there is an air bubble 



0.001293 (F-OX 4* 



90 GASES. 

In which formulas 



- 0.001293 



< = - 0012D3 <v ~ n 1 + 0.00367 r x |o- 



fv -r"\ !. 7i " 
k ) ~~ x 



w = weight of air in balloon when first weighed, 
w = weight of air bubble, 
v = volume of air bubble. 
W = weight of balloon filled with air, 
t = temperature at moment of weighing, 
h = the height of the barometer, 
t = temperature at moment of sealing, 
7i = height of barometer at moment of sealing, 
W = weight of balloon filled with vapor, 
V = capacity of balloon in cubic centimetres, 
F = the volume of water or mercury which enters the balloon. 
( F V) = volume of air bubble, 

/" = the temperature during this determination, 
h" = pressure on enclosed bubble of air. 

In almost all cases the factors into which the pressures enter may be 
neglected, since they may be regarded as constant during the experiment. 
If the expansion of the glass is allowed for, the formula becomes 

W (W iv) TO 



0.0012932 ( Va - - X 



In which, a = 1 -f k (C *"), k being the coefficient of expansion of the 
glass. 

The above formula may be written 

W W -f (-1 X V x 0_^iOLX (F F) X*") 
j>a - ( I - I") D O j A X h 

0.0012932 0.00367 



760(1~+OT003670 - = i _|_ 0.0036 7 t" 



GASES. 91 

0.0012932 
= 760(1 -f- 0.003670* 

Which values will be found in the tables. Generally -p and a may be 
neglected, as they are very small. 

Deville and Troost use the following constants in determining vapor 

densities. 

oc. 

Vapor of Boiling Mercury 350 
" " " Sulphur 440 
" Cadmium 860 
" " " Zinc 1040 



The foregoing formulas by the use of logarithms become 
For volume of a gas 

Log v = Log r + Log rr^sgjfc + Log 4 



For ^S 8 of 1 + 0.00367* and Lo 7SO SCe Tables 
For weight 

Log weight = Log w + Log V + Log ^^ + Log m 



w = weight of one cubic centimetre of the gas. (Page 93.) 

For the density of a gas at C. and 760 mm. 

Log D = Log D -f- Log (1 -f 0.00367 ?) -{- Log 760 Log h, 
Log 760 = 2.88081. 

For the density of a vapor by Gay-Lussac s method 

r / 1 

Log D = Log w I Log 0.001293 -}- Log V -|- Log ( 



.OO1293 = 7.11166. 



92 GASES. 

For the density of a vapor by Dumas s method 

LogD = Log[TF (TF ?)]- ^Log 0.001293 + Log V 

+ L S (f+0700367?) + L S (4)] 
When there is an air bubble 

Log D = Log[TF (TF M>) w J |~Log 0.001293 + Log (Vv f ) 



l + 0.00867 



Log , = Log 0.001293 + Log (F- F) + Log ( 1 + o 0367r ) 



Log = Log ( F V) + Log (1 + 0.00367 ( ) + Log V 

+ L s (1 + 0.00367 r) + Log (T) 

In most cases it will be sufficient to take the value of h to the nearest 
millimetre. 



CASKS. 



93 



3 i 






.% a 






fj 

J* 

*i 


Eill 1 




i? 








t^ 00 t*- <M rt 




o 


ex) t^ co o ft 




I-l s 


i-> O GO -* 




i 


r: X -fj t>. 






M O (M u-: Ci 




ffl -? 


i-^ O ^ 4 




fo 


o o o o o 

0000 

d d d d d 




& ~ 8 . 


T-I O Ci O 




d eo S 


t>- CO l>- CO i 


r- t^ 


*ot 3 


CO CO CO CO ^^" 


1- - -/ 


00 C 3- 


CO CO CO CO CC 


r: re r: 


1? ^ 


O O O 


O O 


I | 


1C t^ 00 t-00 


CO 10 Ci 


| || 


CC CO ^O CC CO 


co oo oo 

CO CO CO 


I * 


O O 


O O 




t>- 00 t>. C^ ^ 




. a 


00 t^ CO O r-( 




n| 


cc c; co cs t^ 






Ci QC 1C M t^ 




|d 


04 <M m Ci 




t^ "^ 


000 o 




? ^ 


000 




^* o3 


dodo d 




1 






2 






_j O 


CO 1-1 




78 


O <M O > O 

O c: (M O Ci 







O cc r^ o (M 




. 


O O C5 i-H 1O 




1 


i-H O O r-J rH 








c 


1 


3? 

O rt 


Q 




Is fl .s 


s g 

- *- fcf 




4itt\ 


x 3 c 
l^c^O 



94 



GASES. 



LOGARITIIMS OF 



Centi 
metres. 


Millimetres. 





1 


a 


3 


1 







7.11919 


7.42022 


7.59631 


7.72125 


1 


8.11919 


8.16058 


8.19837 


8.23313 


.26531 


2 


.42022 


.44141 


.46161 


.48091 


.49940 


3 


.09631 


.61055 


.62434 


.63770 


.650ti7 


4 


.72125 


.73197 


.74244 


.75265 


.76264 


5 


.81816 


.82676 


.83519 


.84346 


.85158 


6 


.89734 


.90452 


.91158 


.91853 


.92537 


7 


.96428 


.97043 . 


.97652 


.9S251 


.98841 


8 


9.02228 


9.02767 


9.03300 


9.03 S 2 > 


9.04346 


9 


.07343 


.07823 


.08297 


.08769 


.09231 


10 


.11919 


.12351 


.12779 


.13202 


.13622 


11 


.16058 


.16451 


.16840 


.17226 


.I7(o<) 


12 


.19837 


.20197 


.80555 


.20909 


.21261 


13 


.23313 


.23646 


.23976 


.24304 


,24629 


14 


.26531 


.26841 


.27147 


.27452 


. - 7755 


15 


.29528 


.29816 


.30103 


.30388 


.30671 


16 


.32331 


.32601 


.32870 


.33137 


.33403 


17 


.34964 


.35218 


.35471 


.35723 


.35974 


18 


.37446 


.37687 


.37926 


.38164 


.38400 


19 


.39794 


.40022 


.40249 


.40474 


.40699 


20 


.42022 


.42238 


.42454 


.42668 


.42882 


21 


.441 11 


.44347 


. ! 1552 


.44757 


.44960 


22 


.46161 


.46358 


.46554 


.46749 


.46943 


23 


.48091 


.48280 


.48467 


.48654 


.48840 


24 


.49940 


.50120 


.50300 


.50479 


.50658 


25 


.51713 


.51886 


.52059 


.52231 


.52402 


2G 


.53416 


.53583 


.53749 


.53914 


.54079 


27 


.55 05 5 


.55216 


.55370 


.55535 


.55694 


28 


.56634 


.56789 


.56944 


.57097 


.57250 


29 


.58158 


.58308 


.58157 


.58605 


.58753 


30 


.59631 


.59775 


.59919 


.60063 


.60206 


31 


.61055 


.61195 


.61334 


.61473 


.61612 


32 


.62434 


.62569 


.62704 


.62839 


.62973 


33 


.63770 


.63901 


.64032 


.64163 


.64293 


34 


.65067 


.65194 


.65321 


.65448 


.65574 



GASES. 



J5 



FROM h = 1 TO h = 699. 



Centi 
metres. 


Millimetres. 


5 


6 


7 


8 








7.81816 


7.89734 


7.96428 


8.02228 


8.07343 


1 


8.29538 


8.32331 


8.34964 


.37446 


.19794 


2 


.51713 


.53416 


.55055 


.56634 


.58158 


3 


.66325 


.67549 


.68739 


.69897 


.71096 


4 


.77240 


.78194 


.79128 


.80043 


.80938 


5 


.85956 


.86737 


.87506 


.88261 


.89004 


6 


.93210 


.93873 


.94526 


.95169 


.95804 


7 


.99425 


9.00000 


9.00568 


9.01128 


9.01681 


8 


9.04860 


. .05368 


.05871 


.06367 


.06858 


9 


.09691 


.10145 


.10596 


.11041 


.11482 


10 


.14038 


.14449 


.14857 


.15261 


.15661 


11 


.17988 


.18364 


.18737 


.19107 


.19473 


12 


.21610 


.21956 


.22299 


.22640 


.22978 


13 


.24952 


.25273 


.25591 


.25907 


.26220 


14 


.28055 


.28354 


.28650 


.28945 


.29237 


15 


.80952 


.31231 


.31509 


.31784 


.32058 


16 


.33667 


.33929 


.34190 


.34450 


.34707 


17 


.36222 


.36470 


.36716 


.36961 


.37204 


18 


.38636 


.38870 


.39103 


.39334 


.39565 


19 


.401)22 


.411 44 


.41365 


.41585 


.41804 


20 


.43094 


.43305 


.43516 


.4372.-) 


.43933 


21 


.45162 


.45364 


.45565 


.45764 


.45963 


22 


.47137 


.47329 


.47521 


.47712 


.47902 


23 


.49025 


.49210 


.49393 


.49576 


.49758 


24 


.50835 


.51012 


.51188 


.51364 


.51539 


25 


.52573 


.527!:? 


.52912 


.53081 


.53249 


26 


.54243 


.54407 


.54570 


.54732 


.54894 


27 


.55852 


.56010 


.56167 


.56323 


.56479 


28 


.57403 


.57555 


.57707 


.57858 


.58008 


29 


.58901 


.59048 


.59194 


.59340 


.59486 


30 


.60349 


.60491 


.60632 


.60774 


.60914 


31 


.61750 


.61887 


.62025 


.62161 


.62298 


32 


.63107 


.63240 


.63373 


.63506 


.63638 


33 


.64423 


.64553 


.64682 


.64810 


.64939 


34 


.65701 


.65826 


.65952 


.66077 


.66201 



9G 



GASES. 



Centi 
metres. 


Millimetres. 





1 


3 


3 


4 


35 


9.66325 


9.66449 


9.66573 


9.66696 


9.66819 


36 


.67549 


.67669 


.67790 


.67909 


.$8029 


37 


.6S739 


.68856 


.68973 


.69090 


.GU206 


38 


.69897 


.70011 


.70125 


.70239 


.70352 


39 


.71025 


.71136 


.71247 


.71358 


.71468 


40 


.72125 


.72233 


.72341 


.72449 


.72556 


41 


.73197 


.73303 


.73408 


.73514 


.7:5tJ19 


42 


.74244 


.74347 


.74450 


.74553 


.74655 


43 


.75265 


.75366 


.75467 


.75567 


.75668 


44 


.76264 


.76363 


.76461 


.76559 


.76657 


45 


.77240 


.77336 


.77432 


.77528 


.77624 


46 


.78194 


.78289 


.78383 


.78477 


.78570 


47 


.79128 


.79221 


.79313 


.79405 


.79496 


48 


.80043 


.80133 


.80223 


.80313 


.8040:5 


49 


.80938 


.81027 


.81115 


.81203 


.81291 


50 


.81816 


.81902 


.81989 


.82075 


.82162 


51 


.82676 


.82761 


.82846 


.82930 


.83015 


52 


.83519 


.83602 


.83686 


.83769 


.83859 


53 


.84346 


.84428 


.84510 


.84591 


.84673 


54 


.85158 


.85238 


.85319 


.85399 


.85479 


55 


.85955 


.86034 


.86113 


.86191 


.86270 


56 


.86737 


.86815 


.86892 


.86969 


.87047 


57 


.87506 


.87582 


.87658 


.87734 


.87810 


58 


.88261 


.88336 


.88411 


.88486 


.88560 


59 


.89004 


.89077 


.89151 


.89224 


.89297 


60 


.89734 


.89806 


.89878 


.89950 


.90022 


61 


.90452 


.90523 


.90594 


.90665 


.90735 


62 


.91158 


.91228 


.91298 


.91367 


.91437 


63 


.91853 


.91922 


.91990 


.92059 


.92128 


64 


.92537 


.92604 


.92672 


.92740 


.92807 


65 


.93210 


.93277 


.93343 


.93110 


.93476 


66 


.93873 


.93939 


.94004 


.94070 


.94135 


67 


.94526 


.94591 


.94656 


.94720 


.94785 


68 


.95170 


.95233 


.9521)7 


.95361 


.354 24 


69 


.95804 


.95866 


.95929 


.95992 


.96055 



GASES. 



97 



Centi 
metres. 


Millimetres. 


5 


G 


7 


8 


g 


35 


9.66941 


9.67064 


9.67185 


9.67307 


9.67428 


36 


.68148 


.68267 


.68385 


.68503 


.68621 


37 


.69832 


.69437 


.69553 


.69668 


.69783 


38 


.70465 


.70577 


.70690 


.70802 


.70914 


39 


.71578 


.71688 


.71798 


.71907 


.72016 


40 


.72664 


.72771 


.72878 


.72985 


.73091 


41 


.73723 


.73828 


.73932 


.74036 


.71140 


42 


.74758 


.74860 


.74961 


.75063 


.75164 


43 


.75768 


.75867 


.75967 


.76066 


.76165 


44 


.76755 


.76852 


.76949 


.77046 


.77143 


45 


.77720 


.77815 


.77910 


.78005 


.78100 


46 


.78664 


.78757 


78850 


.78943 


.79036 


47 


.79588 


.71)679 


.71)770 


.79861 


.79952 


48 


.80493 


.80582 


.80672 


.80760 


.80850 


49 


.81379 


.81467 


.81554 


.81642 


.81729 


50 


.82248 


.82334 


.82419 


.82505 


.82590 


51 


.83099 


.83184 


.83268 


.83352 


.83485 


52 


.83985 


.84017 


.84100 


.84182 


.84264 


53 


.84754 


.84835 


.84916 


.84997 


.85078 


54 


.85558 


.85638 


.85717 


.85797 


.85876 


55 


.86348 


.86426 


.86504 


.86582 


.86660 


56 


.87123 


.87200 


.87277 


.87353 


.87430 


57 


.87885 


.87961 


.88036 


.88111 


.81870 


58 


.88634 


.88708 


.88782 


.88856 


.88930 


59 


.89370 


.89443 


.89516 


.89589 


.89661 


60 


.90094 


.00166 


.90238 


.90309 


.90380 


61 


.90806 


.90877 


.90947 


.91017 


.91088 


62 


.91507 


.91576 


.91645 


.91715 


.91784 


63 


.92196 


.92264 


.02333 


.92401 


.92469 


64 


.92875 


.92942 


.93009 


.93076 


.93143 


65 


.93543 


.93609 


.93675 


.93741 


.93807 


66 


.94201 


.94266 


.94331 


.94396 


.94461 


67 


.94849 


.94913 


.94978 


.950} 2 


.95106 


68 


.95488 


.95551 


.95614 


.95677 


.95741 


69 


.96117 


.96180 


.96242 


.96304 


.96366 



98 



GA8E3. 



BAROMETRICAL CORRECTION. LOGARITHMS OF ^ . 



Milli 
metres 


Tenths of Millimetres. 


0.0 


0.1 


0.3 


0.3 


O.4 0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


700 


9.96428 


434 


111 


447 


454 45f) 


465 


472 


478 


484 


701 


490 


496 


503 


509 


515 


521 


527 


534 


540 


546 


702 


552 


558 


565 


571 


577 


583 


589 


596 


602 


608 


70S 


614 


620 


626 


632 


639 


645 


651 


657 


663 


670 


704 


676 


682 


688 


691 


701 


707 


713 


719 


725 


731 


70.-) 


737 


743 


749 


755 


762 


768 


774 


780 


786 


793 


706 


799 


805 811 


817 


823 


829 


836 


842 


848 


854 


707 


860 


866 872 


878 


884 


890 


896 


903 


909 


915 


70S 


922 


928 934 


940 


946 


952 


958 


964 


970 


976 


70!) 


982 


988 ! 994 


*001 *U07 


*013 


*019 


*025 


*021 


*038 


710 


9.97044 


050 


056 


062 


068 


074 


081 


087 


093 


099 


711 


105 


111 


117 


124 


130 


136 


142 


148 


154 


160 


712 


166 


172 


178 


185 


191 


197 


203 


209 


215 


221 


713 


227 


233 


239 


246 


252 


258 


264 


270 


276 


282 


714 


288 


294 


300 


307 


313 


319 


325 


331 


337 


343 


715 


349 


355 


3G1 


367 


373 


379 


385 


391 


397 


404 


7 Hi 


410 


416 


422 


428 434 


440 


446. 


452 


458 


464 


717 


470 


476 


482 


4ss 494 


500 


506 


513 


519 


525 


718 


531 


537 


543 


:>!!) 555 


561 


567 


573 


579 


585 


719 


591 


597 


603 


609 


615 


621 


627 


633 


639 


645 


720 


651 


657 


663 


669 


675 


681 


687 


693 


699 


705 


721 


711 


717 


723 


729 735 


712 


748 


754 


760 


766 


722 


772 


778 


784 


7!0 796 


802 


808 


814 


820 


826 


723 


832 


838 


844 


850 


856 


862 


868 


874 


880 


886 


721 


892 


898 


904 


910 


916 


922 


928 


934 


940 


946 


72.") 


952 


958 


961 


970 


976 


982 


988 


994 


*000 


*006 


726 


9.98012 


018 


024 


030 


036 


042 


048 


054 


060 


066 


727 


072 


078 


084 


090 


096 


102 


1.08 


J14 


120 


126 


728 


132 


138 


144 


150 


156 


162 


168 


173 


179 


185 


729 


191 


197 


203 


209 


215 


221 


227 


233 


239 


245 


730 


251 


257 


2G3 


269 


275 


280 


286 


292 


298 


304 


731 


310 


316 


322 


828 


334 


840 


346 


352 


358 


31:1 


732 


370 


376 


381 


887 




899 


405 


411 


417 


-12:5 


7;;:: 


429 


435 


441 


447 


458 


458 


464 


470 


476 


482 


734 


488 


494 


500 


506 


r. 1 2 


518 


524 


530 


535 


541 


735 


547 


553 


559 


565 


571 


577 


583 


589 


595 


601 


736 


607 


612 


618 


624 


;:;<> 


636 


642 


648 


653 


659 


737 


665 


671 


677 


683 


689 


695 


701 


706 


712 


718 


738 


72 t 


730 


786 


742 


748 


754 


760 


765 


771 


777 


739 


783 


789 


795 


SOI 


806 


812 


818 


824 


830 


836 



GASES. 



Milli 


Tenths of Millimetres. 


metres. 
























0.0 


0.1 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


740 


9.98842 


848 


854 


860 


866 


872 


877 


883 


889 




741 


901 


907 


913 


918 


924 


930 


936 


942 


948 


95 ! 


742 


959 


965 


971 


977 


983 


989 


994 


*000 


*006 *012 


743 


9.99018 


024 


OoO 


035 


041 


047 


053 


059 


065 


(.70 


744 


076 


082 


088 


094 


100 


105 


111 


117 


123 


129 




135 


140 


146 


152 


158 


164 


170 


175 


181 


187 


746 


193 


199 


205 


210 


216 


222 


228 


234 


239 


245 


747 


251 


257 


263 


268 


274 


280 


286 


292 


298 


303 




809 


315 


321 


327 


332 


338 


344 


350 


356 


361 


749 


867 


373 


379 


885 


390 


396 


402 


408 


414 


419 


750 


425 


431 


437 


442 


448 


454 


460 


466 


471 


477 


751 


483 


489 


495 


500 


506 


512 


518 


523 


529 


535 


752 


541 


547 


552 


558 


564 


570 


575 


581 


587 


593 


753 


598 


604 


610 


616 


622 


627 


633 


639 


645 


650 


754 


656 


662 


668 


673 


679 


685 


691 


696 


702 


708 


75fi 


714 


719 


725 


731 


737 


742 


748 


754 


760 


765 


75G 


771 


777 


783 


788 


794 


800 


806 


811 


817 


823 


757 


829 


834 


840 


846 


852 


857 


863 


869 


874 


880 


758 


886 


892 


897 


903 


909 


915 


920 


926 


932 


937 


751) 


943 


949 


955 


960 


966 


972 


977 


983 


989 


995 


760 


0.00000 


006 


012 


*017 


023 


029 


035 


040 


046 


052 


7i;i 


057 


063 


069 


075 


080 


086 


092 


097 


103 


109 


763 


114 


120 


126 


132 


137 


143 


149 


154 


160 


166 


7.63 


171 


177 


183 


189 


194 


200 


206 


211 


217 


223 


7tn 


228 


234 


240 


245 


251 


257 


262 


268 


274 


279 


7*;:, 


285 


291 


296 


302 


308 


314 


319 


325 


331 


336 


766 


342 


348 


353 


359 


365 


370 


376 


382 


387 


393 


767 


399 


404 


410 


416 


421 


427 


432 


438 


444 


449 


768 


455 


461 


466 


472 


478 


483 


489 


495 


500 


506 


769 


512 


517 


523 


529 


534 


540 


546 


551 


557 


562 


77o 


568 


573 


579 


584 


590 


596 


601 


607 


612 


618 


771 


624 


629 


635 


641 


646 


652 


657 


663 


669 


674 


772 


680 


686 


691 


697 


703 


708 


714 


719 


725 


731 


77;; 


736 


742 


717 


753 


758 


764 


770 


776 


781 


787 


771 


793 


798 


804 


809 


815 


821 


826 


832 


837 


843 


775 


84!) 


854 


860 


865 


871 


877 


882 


888 


894 


899 


77(5 


905 


910 


916 


021 


927 


934 


938 


914 


949 


955 


777 


961 


966 


972 


978 


983 


989 


994 


*000 


*006 


*011 


778 


0.01017 


022 


028 


033 


039 


044 


050 


056 


061 


067 


779 


072 j 078 


083 


089 


095 


100 


106 


111 


117 


123 


780 


128 1 134 


139 


145 


150 


156 


162 


167 


173 


178 



100 



GASES. 



TABLE OF LOG 



+ 0.00367* 



t 


Tenths of Degrees. 


0.0 


0.1 


o.a 


O.3 


0.1 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 







984 


968 


952 


936 


920 


904 


888 


872 


857 


1 


9.99841 


825 


809 


793 


777 


762 


746 


730 


714 


698 


2 


683 


667 


651 


635 


619 


604 


588 


572 


556 


541 


3 


525 


509 


493 


478 


462 


446 


430 


415 


399 


383 


4 


368 


352 


336 


321 


305 


289 


274 


258 


242 


227 


5 


211 


196 


180 


164 


149 


133 


117 


102 


086 


071 


6 


055 


040 


024 


008 


*993 


*977 


*962 


*946 


*931 


*915 


7 


9.98900 


884 


869 


853 


838 


822 


807 


791 


776 


760 


8 


745 


729 


714 


698 


683 


668 


652 


637 


621 


606 


9 


590 


575 


560 


544 


529 


514 


498 


483 


467 


452 


10 


437 


421 


406 


391 


375 


360 


345 


329 


314 


299 


11 


283 


268 


253 


238 


222 


207 


192 


177 


161 


146 


12 


131 


116 


100 


085 


070 


055 


039 


024 


009 


*994 


13 


9.97979 


963 


948 


933 


918 


903 


888 


872 


857 


842 


14 


827 


812 


797 


782 


766 


751 


736 


721 


706 


691 


15 


676 


661 


646 


631 


616 


600 


585 


570 


555 


540 


16 


525 


510 


495 


480 


465 


450 


435 


420 


405 


390 


17 


375 


360 


345 


330 


315 


300 


285 


270 


255 


241 


18 


226 


211 


196 


181 


166 


151 


136 


121 


106 


091 


19 


076 


062 


047 


032 


017 


002 


*987 


*972 


*958 


*943 


20 


9.96928 


913 


898 


883 


869 


854 


839 


824 


809 


795 


21 


780 


765 


750 


735 


721 


706 


691 


676 


662 


647 


22 


632 


618 


603 


588 


573 


559 


544 


529 


515 


500 


23 


485 


471 


456 


441 


426 


412 


397 


383 


368 


353 


21 


339 


324 


309 


295 


280 


266 


251 


237 


222 


207 


25 


188 


174 


159 


145 


130 


116 


101 


087 


072 


057 


26 


049 


028 


013 


*999 


*984 


*970 


*955 


*941 


*926 


*912 


27 


9.95897 


883 


868 


85 I 


<x;j9 


825 


810 


796 


781 


767 


28 


752 


738 


723 


709 


694 


680 


665 


651 


636 


622 


29 


607 


593 


578 


564 


549 


:>;;:> 


520 


506 


491 


477 


30 


463 


449 


4*4 


420 


406 


391 


377 


363 


348 


334 


31 


320 


306 


292 


277 


263 


249 


>:\ \ 


220 


206 


llil 


32 


177 


163 


149 


134 


120 


KM; 


092 


078 


063 


049 


33 


035 


021 


007 


*993 


*978 


*964 


>950 


*935 


>921 


*907 


34 


9.94S93 


879 


865 


851 


837 


822 


808 


794 


780 


766 



GASES. 



101 





Tenths of Degrees. 


t 






















0.0 


0.1 


0.2 


0.3 


i). J 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.8 


O.9 


35 


9.94752 


738 


724 


710 


695 


681 


667 


653 


639 


625 


36 


611 


97 


583 


569 


55 \ 


540 


526 


512 


498 


484 


37 


470 


456 


442 


428 


414 


400 


386 


S72 


358 


344 


38 


;;:;n 


316 


;;<)-_ 


288 


274 


260 


246 


232 


218 


204 


39 


190 


176 


162 


148 


134 


121 


107 


093 


079 


065 


40 


051 


037 


023 


009 


*996 


*982 


*968 


*954 


*940 


*926 


41 


9.93912 


898 


884 


871 


857 


843 


829 


816 


802 


788 


4 2 


774 


760 


746 


733 


719 


705 


692 


678 


665 


651 


43 


637 


623 


609 


595 


582 


568 


554 


540 


527 


513 


44 


499 


485 


471 


458 


444 


430 


417 


403 


390 


376 


45 


362 


348 


334 


321 


307 


293 


279 


266 


253 


239 


46 


225 


211 


198 


184 


171 


158 


144 


131 


117 


103 


47 


089 


075 


062 


048 


035 


021 


007 


*994 


*980 


*967 


48 


9.92953 


940 


926 


913 


899 


885 


871 


858 


844 


831 


49 


818 


804 


791 


777 


764 


750 


737 


723 


710 


696 


50 


683 


670 


656 


643 


629 


616 


603 


589 


576 


562 


51 


549 


536 


522 


509 


496 


482 


469 


455 


442 


428 


52 


415 


402 


388 


375 


361 


348 


335 


321 


308 


294 


53 


281 


268 


254 


240 


227 


214 


200 


187 


173 


160 


54 


147 


134 


120 


107 


094 


080 


067 


054 


040 


027 


55 


014 


001 


*988 


*974 


*961 


*948 


*935 


*921 


*908 


*895 


56 


9.91882 


869 


856 


842 


829 


816 


803 


790 


776 


763 


57 


750 


737 


724 


711 


698 


684 


671 


658 


645 


632 


58 


619 


606 


593 


580 


567 


553 


540 


527 


514 


501 


59 


488 


475 


462 


449 


436 


422 


409 


396 


383 


370 


60 


357 


344 


331 


318 


305 


292 


279 


266 


253 


240 


61 


227 


214 


201 


188 


175 


162 


149 


136 


123 


110 


G2 


097 


084 


071 


058 


045 


032 


019 


006 


*993 


*980 


63 


9.90967 


954 


941 


928 


915 


902 


889 


876 


863 


851 


64 


838 


825 


812 


799 


786 


773 


760 


747 


735 


722 


65 


709 


696 


683 


670 


657 


644 


632 


619 


606 


593 


66 


580 


567 


554 


542 


529 


516 


503 


490 


478 


465 


67 


452 


439 


426 


414 


401 


388 


375 


363 


350 


337 


68 


324 


311 


298 


286 


273 


260 


248 


235 


229 


210 


69 


197 


184 


172 


159 


146 


134 


121 


108 


096 


083 


70 


070 


057 


044 


032 


019 


006 


*993 


*980 


*968 


*956 


71 


9.89943 


930 


918 


905 


893 


880 


867 


855 


842 


830 


72 


817 


805 


702 


780 


767 


755 


742 


730 


717 


704 


73 


691 


679 


666 


654 


641 


628 


616 


603 


591 


578 


74 


565 


553 


540 


528 


515 


503 


490 


478 


465 


453 



102 



GASES. 





Tenths of Degrees. 


1 
























0.0 


0.1 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.5 


0.6 


O.T 


0.6 


0.0 


o 
75 


9.89440 


428 


415 


403 


390 


378 


966 


353 


341 


328 


76 


316 


304 


291 


279 


266 


254 


241 


229 


216 


204 


77 


91 


179 


166 


154 


141 


129 


117 


104 


092 


079 


78 


067 


054 


042 


029 


017 


005 


*992 


*980 


*967 


*955 


79 


9.88943 


931 


919 


906 


894 


882 


869 


857 


845 


833 


80 


820 


808 


796 


783 


771 


759 


747 


734 


722 


710 


81 


697 


685 


673 


661 


648 


636 


624 


612 


599 


587 


82 


574 


562 


550 


538 


525 


513 


501 


489 


477 


464 


83 


452 


440 


428 


416 


403 


391 


379 


367 


354 


342 


84 


330 


318 


306 


294 


282 


269 


257 


245 


233 


221 


85 


209 


197 


185 


173 


160 


148 


136 


124 


111 


099 


86 


087 


075 


063 


051 


039 


026 


014 


002 


*990 


*978 


87 


9.87966 


954 


942 


930 


918 


905 


893 


881 


869 


857 


88 


845 


833 


821 


809 


797 


785 


773 


761 


749 


737 


89 


725 


713 


701 


689 


677 


665 


653 


641 


629 


617 


90 


605 


593 


581 


569 


557 


545 


533 


521 


509 


497 


91 


485 


473 


461 


449 


437 


426 


414 


402 


390 


378 


92 


366 


354 


342 


330 


318 


306 


295 


283 


271 


259 


93 


247 


235 


223 


212 


200 


188 


176 


165 


153 


1 11 


94 


129 


117 


105 


093 


081 


070 


058 


046 


034 


022 


95 


010 


*998 


*986 


*975 


*963 


*951 


*939 


*928 


*916 


*904 


9(i 


9.86892 


880 


808 


857 


s i :, 


833 


821 


809 


798 


786 


97 


774 


762 


750 


739 


727 


715 


704 


692 


680 


669 


98 


657 


645 


633 


621 


610 


598 


586 


574 


563 


551 


91) 


539 


527 


516 


504 


493 


481 


469 


458 


446 


435 


100 


423 


412 


400 


389 


378 


366 


355 


343 


331 


319 


101 


307 


296 


_ 8 ! 


273 


261 


249 


238 


226 


214 


203 


102 


191 


179 


168 


156 


145 


133 


121 


110 


098 


087 


103 


075 


063 


052 


040 


029 


017 


005 


*994 


*982 


*971 


104 


9.85959 


948 


936 


925 


913 


902 


890 


879 


867 


856 


105 


844 


833 


821 


810 


798 


787 


77.-) 


764 


752 


741 


106 


729 


718 


706 


695 


683 


672 


661 


649 


638 


:_ <; 


107 


615 


603 


592 


580 


569 


557 


546 


534 


523 


511 


IDS 


500 


488 


477 


465 


1 5 l 


443 


431 


420 


408 


397 


109 


386 


974 


363 


351 


340 


329 


317 


306 


295 


283 


110 


272 


261 


249 


238 


227 


215 


204 


193 


181 


170 


111 


159 


148 


136 


125 


114 


102 


091 


080 


069 


057 


112 


046 


035 


023 


012 


001 


*9S9 


*978 


*967 


*955 


#944 


113 


9.8498S 


922 


911 


899 


888 


877 


866 


854 


843 


832 


114 


821 


810 


799 


787 


776 


765 


754 


742 


731 


720 



GASES. 



103 



t 


Tenths of Degrees. 


0.0 


0.1 


o.a 


0.3 


0.* 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


115 


9.84709 


698. 


687 


675 


664 


653 


642 


630 


619 


608 


116 


597 


586 


575 


563 


552 


541 


530 


518 


507 


496 


117 


485 


474 


463 


451 


440 


429 


418 


407 


395 


,384 


118 


373 


362 


351 


340 


329 


317 


306 


295 


284 


273 


in* 


262 


251 


240 


229 


218 


207 


196 


185 


174 


163 


120 


152 


141 


130 


119 


107 


096 


085 


074 


063 


052 


121 


041 


030 


019 


008 


*997 


*985 


*974 


*963 


*952 


*941 


12-2 


9.83931 


920 


909 


898 


887 


876 


865 


854 


843 


832 


129 


821 


810 


799 


788 


777 


766 


756 


745 


734 


723 


124 


712 


701 


690 


679 


668 


657 


646 


635 


624 


613 


125 


602 


591 


580 


569 


558 


547 


536 


525 


514 


503 


126 


493 


482 


471 


460 


449 


438 


428 


417 


406 


395 


127 


384 


373 


362 


351 


340 


329 


319 


308 


297 


286 


128 


275 


264 


253 


243 


232 


221 


210 


200 


189 


178 


129 


167 


156 


145 


135 


124 


113 


102 


091 


081 


070 


130 


059 


048 


037 


027 


016 


005 


*994 


*984 


*973 


*962 


131 


9.82951 


940 


929 


919 


908 


897 


886 


876 


865 


854 


132 


844 


833 


822 


812 


801 


790 


779 


769 


758 


747 


133 


737 


726 


715 


705 


694 


683 


672 


662 


651 


640 


134 


630 


619 


608 


598 


587 


576 


565 


554 


544 


533 


135 


523 


512 


501 


491 


480 


469 


458 


448 


437 


426 


136 


416 


405 


395 


884 


373 


363 


352 


342 


331 


320 


i;i7 


310 


299 


289 


278 


267 


257 


246 


235 


225 


214 


138 


204 


193 


183 


172 


162 


151 


141 


130 


120 


109 


139 


099 


088 


078 


067 


057 


046 


035 


025 


014 


004 


140 


9.81993 


983 


972 


961 


951 


940 


929 


919 


908 


898 


141 


888 


877 


867 


856 


846 


835 


825 


814 


804 


793 


142 


783 


772 


762 


751 


741 


730 


720 


709 


699 


688 


143 


678 


667 


657 


646 


63u 


626 


615 


GO o f 


594 


584 


144 


574 


564 


553 


543 


533 


522 


512 


501 


491 


480 


145 


470 


460 


449 


439 


428 


418 


408 


397 


887 


376 


146 


366 


356 


345 


335 


324 


314 303 


293 




272 


147 


262 


2.V2 


241 


231 


220 


210 200 


189 


179 


168 


148 


158 


1 L8 


138 


127 


117 


107 O-H; 


086 


075 


065 


149 


055 


045 


035 


025 


014 


004 


*994 


*984 


*973 


*963 


150 


9.80953 


943 


932 


922 


911 


901 


891 


881 


871 


860 


151 


850 


840 


830 


819 


809 


799 


789 


779 


768 




In 2 


748 


738 


728 


717 


707 


697 


687 


677 


667 


656 


153 


646 


886 


626 


615 


605 


595 


585 


575 


565 


:>:> i 


i;>i 


544 


534 


524 


514 


503 


493 483 


47:) 


463 


4 5 2 



104 



GASES. 



t 


Tenths of Degrees. 


0.0 


0.1 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4: 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


1 55 


9.80442 


432 


422 


412 


402 


391 


381- 


471 


361 


351 


156 


340 


330 


320 


310 


300 


289 


279 


269 


259 


249 


157 


239 


229 


219 


209 


199 


1H9 


178 


168 


158 


148 


158 


188 


128 


118 


108 


098 


088 


078 


067 


057 


047 


159 


037 


027 


017 


007 


*997 


*9S7 


*977 


*967 


*957 


*947 


1GO 


9.79937 


927 


917 


907 


897 


887 


877 


867 


857 


847 


1G1 


837 


827 


817 


807 


797 


787 


777 


767 


757 


747 


162 


737 


727 


717 


707 


697 


687 


677. 


667 


657 


647 


163 


637 


627 


617 


607 


597 


587 


577 


567 


557 


547 


164 


537 


527 


517 


507 


497 


487 


477 


467 


457 


447 


165 


437 


427 


417 


407 


397 


388 


378 


368 


358 


348 


166 


338 


328 


318 


309 


299 


289 


279 


270 


260 


250 


167 


240 


230 


220 


210 


200 


191 


181 


171 


161 


151 


168 


141 


131 


121 


111 


102 


092 


082 


072 


062 


052 


169 


042 


032 


022 


013 


003 


*993 


*983 


*973 


*964 


*954 


170 


9.78944 


934 


925 


915 


905 


895 


885 


876 


866 


8:> 6 


171 


846 


836 


827 


817 


807 


797 


787 


777 


768 


758 


172 


748 


738 


729 


719 


709 


699 


689 


680 


670 


660 


173 


650 


640 


731 


621 


611 


602 


592 


582 


572 


5G3 


174 


553 


543 


533 


524 


514 


504 


494 


485 


475 


466 


175 


456 


446 


437 


427 


417 


408 


398 


389 


379 


370 


176 


360 


350 


341 


331 


321 


312 


302 


292 


283 


273 


177 


263 


253 


244 


234 


224 


215 


205 


195 


185 


176 


178 


166 


156 


147 


137 


128 


118 


108 


099 


089 


080 


179 


070 


060 


051 


041 


031 


022 


012 


002 


*993 


*983 


180 


9.77973 


9<;i 


954 


945 


935 


926 


916 


906 


897 


887 


181 


878 


868 


859 


849 


840 


830 


821 


811 


801 


792 


182 


782 


772 


763 


753 


743 


73 t 


724 


715 


705 


696 


183 


686. 


677 


667 


658 


648 


639 


629 


620 


610 


601 


184 


591 


582 


572 


563 


553 


544 


534 


525 


515 


506 


185 


496 


487 


477 


468 


458 


449 


439 


430 


420 


411 


186 


402 


392 


383 


373 


364 


354 


345 


335 


326 


316 


187 


307 


297 


288 


278. 


269 


259 


250 


240 


231 


221 


188 


212 


jo 2 


193 


183 


174 


164 


155 


146 


136 


127 


189 


118 


108 


099 


089 


080 


071 


061 


052 


043 


033 


190 


024 


014 


005 


*996 


*986 


*977 


*968 


*958 


*949 


*940 


191 


9.76981 


921 


912 


903 


898 


884 


875 


865 


856 


847 


192 


837 


828 


818 


809 


799 


790 


781 


771 


762 


758 


198 


7-1:5 


784 


725 


715 


706 


697 


687 


678 


669 


659 


194 


650 


640 


631 


622 


t; 1 2 


603 


594 


585 


575 


566 



GASES. 



105 



t 


Tenths of Degrees. 


0.0 


0.1 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


195 


9.76557 547 


538 


529 


519 


510 


501 


492 


482 


473 


196 


464 


455 


445 


436 


427 


417 


408 


399 


390 


380 


107 


371 


362 


3.V2 


343 


334 


325 


316 


306 


297 


288 


198 


279 


270 


260 


251 


242 


233 


224 


215 


205 


196 


199 


187 


178 


169 


159 


150 


141 


132 


123 


113 


104 


200 


095 


086 


077 


067 


058 


049 


040 


031 


021 


012 


201 


003 *994 


*985 


*975 


*966 


*957 


*948 


*939 


*930 


*920 


202 


9.75911 


902 


893 


884 


875 


865 


856 


847 


838 


829 


203 


820 


811 


802 


793 


784 


774 


765 


756 


747 


738 


204 


729 


720 


711 


702 


693 


683 


674 


665 


656 


647 


205 


638 


629 


620 


611 


602 


592 


583 


573 


565 


556 


206 


547 


538 


529 


520 


511 


501 


492 


483 


474 


465 


207 


456 


447 


438 


429 


420 


411 


402 


393 


384 


375 


208 


366 


357 


348 


339 


330 


320 


311 


302 


293 


284 


209 


275 


266 


257 


248 


239 


230 


221 


212 


203 


194 


210 


185 


176 


167 


158 


149 


140 


131 


122 


113 


104 


211 


095 


086 


077 


068 


059 


050 


042 


033 


024 


015 


212 


006 *997 


*988 


*979 


*970 


*961 


*953 


*944 


*935 


*926 


213 


9.74917 


908 


8!)9 


890 


881 


872 


863 


854 


845 


836 


214 


827 


818 


809 


800 


791 


782 


774 


765 


756 


747 


215 


738 


729 


720 


711 


702 


693 


685 


676 


667 


658 


216 


649 


640 


631 


622 


613 


604 


596 


587 


578 


569 


217 


560 


551 


542 


533 


524 


515 


507 


498 


489 


480 


218 


471 


462 


453 


444 


435 


426 


418 


409 


400 


391 


219 


382 


373 


364 


356 


347 


338 


329 


320 


312 


303 


220 


294 


285 


276 


268 


259 


250 


241 


232 


224 


215 


221 


206 


197 


188 


180 


171 


162 


153 


145 


136 


127 


222 


118 


109 


100 


092 


083 


074 


066 


057 


048 


040 


223 


031 


022 


013 


005 


*996 


*987 ; *978 


*969 


*961 


*952 


224 


9.73943 


934 


926 


917 


908 


900 


891 


882 


874 


865 


225 


856 


847 


839 


830 


821 


813 


804 


795 


787 


778 


226 


769 


760 


752 


743 


7.M4 


726 


717 


708 


700 


691 


2-27 


682 


C7;5 


665 


656 


647 


639 


630 


621 


613 


604 


2 o s 


595 


586 


578 


569 


560 


552 


543 


534 


526 


517 


229 


508 


499 


491 


482 


474 


465 


456* 


447 


439 


430 


230 


422 


413 


405 


396 


387 


379 


370 


361 


353 


344 


231 


335 


326 


318 


309 


SOI 


292 


283 


275 


266 


258 


232 


249 


240 


232 


223 


215 


206 


197 


189 


180 


172 


233 


163 


154 


146 


137 


129 


120 


111 


103 


094 


086 


234 


077 


068 


060 


051 


043 


034 


026 


017 


009 


000 



106 



GASES 



t 


Tenths of Degrees. 


O.O 


0.1 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.5 


0.6 


o.r 


0.8 


0.9 


235 


9.72992 


983 


975 


966 


958 


949 


940 


932 


923 


915 


236 


906 


898 


889 


881 


873 


864 


856 


847 


839 


830 


237 


821 


813 


804 


796 


787 


779 


770 


762 


753 


745 


238 


736 


728 


719 


711 


702 


694 


685 


677 


668 


660 


239 


651 


643 


634 


626 


617 


609 


600 


592 


583 


575 


240 


566 


558 


549 


541 


532 


524 


515 


507 


498 


490 


241 


481 


473 


464 


456 


447 


439 


431 


422 


414 


405 


242 


397 


388 


380 


371 


363 


354 


346 


338 


329 


321 


243 


313 


304 


296 


287 


279 


271 


262 


254 


245 


2)57 


244 


229 


221 


212 


204 


195 


187 


179 


170 


162 


153 


245 


145 


137 


128 


120 


111 


103 


095 


086 


078 


069 


246 


061 


053 


044 


036 


027 


019 


Oil 


002 


094 


*985 


247 


9.71977 


969 


960 


952 


943 


935 


927 


918 


910 


901 


248 


893 


885 


876 


868 


858 


851 


843 


834 


826 


818 


249 


810 


802 


793 


785 


777 


768 


760 


752 


743 


735 


250 


726 


718 


709 


701 


693 


684 


676 


668 


659 


651 


251 


643 


635 


626 


618 


610 


601 


593 


585 


576 


568 


252 


560 


552 


544 


535 


527 


519 


511 


503 


494 


486 


253 


478 


470 


461 


453 


445 


437 


428 


420 


4 1 2 


403 


254 


395 


387 


379 


370 


362 


354 


346 


338 


329 


321 


255 


313 


305 


297 


288 


280 


272 


264 


255 


247 


239 


256 


231 


223 


215 


206 


198 


190 


182 


174 


165 


157 


257 


149 


141 


133 


124 


116 


108 


100 


092 


083 


075 


258 


067 


059 


051 


042 


034 


026 


018 


010 


001 


*993 


259 


9.70985 


977 


969 


960 


952 


944 


936 


928 


919 


911 


260 


903 


895 


887 


878 


870 


862 


854 


846 


838 


830 


261 


822 


814 


806 


797 


789 


781 


773 


765 


756 


748 


262 


740 


732 


724 


716 


708 


699 


691 


683 


675 


667 


263 


659 


651 


643 


635 


627 


618 


610 


602 


594 


$86 


261 


578 


570 


562 


,V> 1 


546 




530 


521 


513 


505 


285 


4!)7 


489 


481 


473 


465 


457 


448 


440 


432 


424 


266 


416 


408 


400 


392 


384 


375 


367 


359 


; . ~> i 


343 


fe67 


335 


327 


319 


311 


803 


295 


287 


279 


271 


263 


268 


255 


247. 


2:5 9 


231 


223 


215 


207 


199 


191 


183 


269 


175 


167 


159 


151 


143 


135 


127 


119 


111 


103 


270 


095 


087 


079 


071 


063 


055 


047 


039 


031 


023 


271 


015 


007 


*999 


*991 


*983 


*975 


*9G7 


*959 


*951 *943 


272 


9.69935 


927 


919 


911 


903 


895 


888 


880 


872 


864 


273 


856 


848 


840 


832 


824 


816 


808 


800 


792 


784 


274 


776 


768 


760 


752 


744 


736 


728 


720 


712 


704 



GASES. 



107 



t 


Tenths of Degrees. 


0.0 


0.1 


0.2 


0.3 


0.4 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


275 


9.69696 


688 


680 


672 


664 


656 


648 


640 


632 


625 


276 


617 


609 


601 


593 


585 


577 


570 


562 


554 


546 


277 


538 


530 


522 


514 


506 


499 


491 


483 


475 


467 


27s 


459 


451 


443 


436 


428 


420 412 


404 


397 


389 


279 


381 


373 


3G5 


357 


349 


341 


334 


326 


318 


310 


280 


302 


294 


286 


279 


271 


263 


255 


248 


240 


232 


281 


224 


216 


208 


200 


192 


185 


177 


169 


161 


153 


282 


145 


137 


129 


122 


114 


106 


098 


090 


083 


075 


283 


067 


059 


051 


043 


035 


027 


020 


012 


004 


*996 


284 


3.68988 


980 


972 


965 


957 


949 


941 


933 


926 


918 


289 


910 


902 


895 


887 


879 


871 


864 


856 


848 


841 


286 


833 


825 


817 


810 


802 


794 


786 


778 


771 


763 


2S7 


755 


747 


740 


732 


724 


716 


709 


701 


693 


686 




67<S 


670 


862 


655 


647 


639 


631 


623 


616 


608 


289 


600 


5i>2 


585 


577 


569 


561 


554 


546 


538 


531 


290 


523 


515 


508 


500 


492 


484 


477 


469 


461 


454 


2!1 


446 


438 


181 


423 


415 


407 


399 


392 


384 


377 


292 


869 


861 


964 


346 


338 


330 


323 


315 


307 


300 


_>>;} 


292 


284 


277 


269 


261 


253 


246 


238 


230 


223 


2:* i 


215 


207 


200 


192 


184 


176 


169 


161 


153 


146 


29.-) 


138 


130 


123 


115 


107 


100 


092 


085 


077 


070 


296 


062 


054 


047 


039 


031 


023 


016 


008 


000 


*993 


2*7 


9.679S5 


977 


970 


962 


954 


947 


939 


i .",2 


924 


917 


298 


909 


901 


804 


886 


878 


871 


863 


856 


848 


840 


299 


833 


825 


818 


810 


803 


795 


787 


780 


773 


765 


300 


757 


749 


742 


734 


627 


719 


711 


704 


696 


6S9 


301 


681 


673 


666 


658 


651 


643 


636 


628 


621 


613 


302 


606 


598 


591 


583 


576 


568 


561 


553 


546 


538 


303 


531 


523 


516 


508 


501 


493 


485 


47s 


470 


463 


304 


455 


448 


440 


433 


425 


418 


410 


403 


395 


388 


:}o:> 


3SO 


373 


365 


358 


850 


343 


335 


328 


320 


313 


306 


805 


298 


290 




275 


2 US 


260 


253 




238 


307 


230 


223 


215 


208 


200 


193 


185 


17s 


170 


163 


308 


1 55 


148 


140 


133 


1 2:> 


118 


110 


103 


095 


088 


309 


080 


073 


065 


058 


050 


043 


035 


028 


020 


013 


310 


005 


*998 


*990 


*983 


*975 


*968 


*961 


*953 


*946 


*938 


311 


9.66931 


923 


916 


908 


901 


893 


886 


878 


871 


863 


312 


856 


848 


841 


834 


826 


819 


812 


804 


797 


789 


313 


782 


774 


767 


759 


752 


744 


737 


730 


722 


715 


314 


708 


700 


693 


685 


678 


671 


663 


656 


648 


641 



108 



GASES. 



t 


Tenths of Degrees. 


0.0 


0.1 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.5 


O.G 


o.r 


0.8 


0.9 


315 


9.66634 


626 


619 


612 


604 


597 


589 


582 


574 


567 


316 


560 


552 


545 


537 


530 


523 


515 


508 


500 


493 


317 


486 


478 


471 


464 


456 


449 


441 


434 


427 


420 


318 


413 


405 


398 


391 


383 


376 


369 


361 


354 


347 


319 


339 


332 


324 


317 


310 


302 


295 


288 


280 


273 


320 


266 


259 


251 


244 


237 


229 


222 


215 


207 


200 


321 


193 


186 


178 


171 


164 


156 


149 


142 


134 


127 


322 


120 


113 


105 


098 


091 


083 


076 


069 


061 


054 


323 


047 


040 


032 


025 


018 


010 


003 


*996 


*988 


*981 


324 


9.65974 


967 


959 


952 


945 


937 


930 


923 


915 


908 


325 


901 


894 


886 


879 


872 


864 


857 


850 


842 


835 


326 


828 


821 


814 


806 


799 


792 


785 


777 


770 


763 


327 


756 


749 


741 


734 


727 


720 


713 


705 


698 


691 


, 328 


684 


677 


669 


602 


655 


647 


640 


633 


625 


618 


329 


611 


604 


596 


589 


582 


575 


568 


560 


553 


546 


330 


539 


532 


524 


517 


510 


503 


496 


488 


481 


474 


331 


467 


460 


452 


445 


438 


431 


424 


417 


409 


402 


332 


395 


388 


381 


374 


367 


359 


352 


345 


338 


331 


333 


324 


317 


309 


302 


295 


288 


281 


273 


266 


259 


334 


252 


245 


237 


230 


223 


216 


209 


201 


194 


187 


335 


180 


173 


166 


159 


152 


144 


137 


130 


123 


116 


33(5 


109 


102 


094 


087 


080 


073 


066 


058 


051 


044 


337 


037 


030 


023 


016 


009 


001 


*994 


*987 


*980 


*973 


338 


9.64966 


959 


952 


945 


938 


930 


923 


916 


909 


902 


339 


895 


888 


881 


874 


867 


859 


852 


845 


838 


831 


340 


824 


817 


810 


803 


796 


788 


781 


774 


767 


760 


341 


753 


746 


739 


732 


725 


718 


710 


703 


696 


689 


342 


682 


675 


668 


661 


654 


647 


640 


633 


626 


619 


343 


612 


605 


598 


591 


584 


577 


570 


563 


556 


549 


344 


542 


535 


528 


521 


514 


507 


500 


493 


486 


479 


345 


471 


464 


457 


450 


443 


436 


429 


422 


415 


408 


346 


401 


394 


387 


380 


373 


366 


359 


352 


345 


338 


347 


331 


324 


317 


310 


303 


296 


289 


282 


275 


268 


348 


261 


254 


247 


240 


233 


225 


218 


211 


204 


197 


349 


190 


183 


176 


169 


162 


155 


148 


141 


134 


127 


350 


120 


113 


106 


099 


092 


085 


078 


071 


064 057 



GASES. 



100 



TABLE 

OF THE ELASTIC FORCE OF THE VAPOR OF WATER FROM 
32 TO 4-230. 

REGNAULT. Mcmoires de I Acadomie de France, Tome XXI. p. 624. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Elastic 
force. 


Difference 
for l->. 


Tem 
pera 
ture 


Elastic 
Force. 


Difference 
for lo. 


Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Elastic 
Force- 


Difference 
for 1^. 


o 
32 


mm. 
0.320 


mm. 
0.032 




9 


mm. 
8.574 


nim* 
0.591 




50 


mm. 

91.982 


mm. 

4.679 


31 


0.352 


0.034 


10 


9.165 


0.627 


51 


96.661 


4.882 


30 


0.386 


0.038 


11 


9.792 


0.665 


52 


101.543 


5.093 


29 


0.424 


0.040 


12 


10.457 


0.705 


53 


106.636 


5.309 


28 


0.464 


0.044 


13 


11.162 


0.746 


54 


111.945 


5.533 


27 


0.508 


0.047 


14 


11.908 


0.791 


55 


117.478 


5.766 


26 


0.555 


0.050 


15 


12.699 


0.837 


56 


123.244 


6.007 


25 


0.605 


0.055 


16 


13.536 


0.885 


57 


129.251 


6.254 


24 


0.660 


0.059 


17 


14.421 


0.936 


58 


135.505 


6.510 


23 


0.719 


0.064 


18 


15.357 


0.989 


59 


142.015 


6.776 


22 


0.783 


0.070 


19 


16.346 


.045 


60 


148.791 


7.048 


21 


0.853 


0.074 


20 


17.391 


.104 


61 


155.839 


7.331 


20 


0.927 


0.081 


21 


18.495 


.164 


62 


163.170 


7.621 


19 


.008 


0.087 


22 


19.659 


.229 


63 


170.791 


7.923 


18 


.095 


0.094 


23 


20.888 


.296 


64 


178.714 


8.231 


17 


.189 


0.101 


24 


22.184 


.366 


65 


186.945 


8.551 


16 


.290 


0.110 


25 


23.550 


.438 


66 


195.496 


8.880 


15 


.400 


0.118 


26 


24.988 


.517 


67 


204.376 


9.220 


14 


.518 


0.128 


27 


26.505 


.596 


68 


213.596 


9.569 


13 


1.646 


0.137 


28 


28.101 


.681 


69 


223.165 


9.928 


12 


1.783 


0.150 


29 


29.782 


.766 


70 


233.093 


10.300 


11 


1.933 


0.160 


30 


31.548 


.858 


71 


243.393 


10.680 


10 


2.093 


0.174 


31 


33.406 


.953 


72 


254.073 


11.074 


9 


2.267 


0.188 


32 


35.359 


2.052 


73 


265.147 


11.477 


8 


2.455 


0.203 


33 


37.411 


2.154 


74 


276.624 


11.893 


7 


2.658 


. 0.218 


34 


39.565 


2.262 


75 


288.517 


12.321 


6 


2.876 


0.237 


35 


41.827 


2.374 


76 


300.838 


12.7G2 


5 


3.113 


0.245 


36 


44.201 


2.490 


77 


313.600 


13.211 


4 


3.368 


0.276 


37 


46.691 


2.611 


78 


326.811 


13.677 


3 


3.644 


0.297 


38 


49.302 


2.737 


79 


340.488 


14.155 


2 


3.941 


0.322 


39 


52.039 


2.867 


80 


354.643 


i i.<;u 


1 


4.263 


0.337 


40 


51.906 


3.004 


81 


369.287 


15.148 





4.600 


0.340 


41 


57.910 


3.145 


82 


384.435 


15.666 


+ 1 


4.940 


0.362 


42 


61.055 


3.291 


,v: 


400.101 


16.197 


2 


5.302 


0.385 


43 


64.346 


3.444 


84 


416.298 


16.743 


3 


5.687 


0.410 


44 


67.790 


3.601 


85 


433.041 




4 


6.097 


0.437 


45 


71.391 


3.767 


86 


450.844 




5 


6.534 


0.464 


46 


75.158 


3.935 


87 


468.2_ l 


18.466 


6 


6.998 


0.494 


47 


79.093 


4.111 


88 


486.687 


19.072 


7 


7.492 


0.525 


48 


83.204 


4.295 


89 


505.759 


19.691 


8 


8.017 


0.557 


49 


87.499 


4.483 


90 


525.450 


20.328 



110 



GASES. 



Tem 
pera 
ture. 


Elastic 
1 orce. 


Difference 
for 1-J. 


Tem- 
jera- 
;ure. 


Elastic 
force. 


Difference 
for 1^. 


Tem- 
>era~ 
;ure. 


Elastic 
Force. 


Difference 

for 1 . 




91 


mill. 

545.778 


mm. 
20.979 


o 
138 


mm. 
2567.000 


inm. 

77.440 




185 


mm. 
8453.23 


mm. 
191.12 


92 


5G6.757 


21.649 


139 


2641.440 


76.190 


186 


8644.35 


1H4.47 


93 


588.406 


22.334 


140 


2717.630 


77.940 


187 


8838.82 


197.86 


94 


610.740 


23.038 


141 


2795.570 


79.730 


188 9036.68 


201.27 


95 


633.778 


23.757 


142 


2875.300 


81.560 


189 9237.95 


204.75 


96 


657.535 


24.494 


143 


2956.860 


83.400 


190 9442.70 


208.23 


97 


682.029 


25.251 


144 


3040.260 


85.290 


191 9650.93 


211.78 


98 


707.280 


26.025 


145 


3125.550 


87.190 


192 9862.71 


215.33 


99 


733.305 


26.695 


146 


3212.740 


89.130 


193< 10078.04 


218.97 


100 


760.000 


27.590 


147 


3301.870 


91.110 


194 1029 7.01 1 222.62 


101 


787.590 


28.420 


148 


3392.980 


93.110 


195 10519.63j 226.32 


102 


816.010 


29.270 


149 


3486.090 


95.140 


196 10745.95J 230.05 


103 


845.280 


30.130 


150 


3581.230 


97.200 


197 10975.00 


233.82 


104 


875.410 


31.000 


151 


3678.430 


99.310 


198 11209.82 


237.64 


105 


906.410 


31.900 


152 


3777.740 


101.440 


199 11447.46 


241.50 


106 


938.310 


32.830 


153 3879.180 


103.590 


200 11688.96 


245.41 


107 


971.140 


33.770 


154 3982.770 


105.790 


201 11934.37 


249.32 


108 


1004.910 


34.740 


155 4088.560 


108.030 


202 12183.69 


253.31 


109 1039.650 


35.720 


156 


4196.590 


110.290 


20:5 12437.00 


257.30 


110 


1075.370 


36.720 


157 


4306.880 


112.570 


201 12694.30 


261.36 


111 


1112.090 


37.740 


158 


4419.450 


114.910 


205 12955.66 


265.46 


112 


1149.830 


38.780 


159 


4534.860 


117.260 


206 13221.12 


269.63 


113 


1188.610 


39.860 


160! 4651.620 


119660 


207 


13490.75 


273.78 


H4 


1228.470 


40.940 


161 


4771.280 


1 22.080 


208 


13764.53 


277.99 


115 


1269.410 


42.060 


162 


4893.360 


1 24.550 


209 


14042.52 


282.28 


116 


1311.470 


43.190 


163 


5017.910 


127.060 


210 


14324.80 


286.52 


117 


1354.660 


44.340 


164 


5144.970 


129.570 


211 


14611.32 


290.90 


118 1399.020 


45.530 


165 


5274.540 


132.150 


212 


14902.22 


295.26 


119 


1444.550 


46.730 


166 


5406.690 


134.740 


213 


15197.48 


299.69 


120 


1491.280 


47.970 


167J 5541.430 


137.390 


214 


15497.17 


304.16 


121 


15S9.256 


49.220 


168 


5678.820 


140.080 


215 


15801.33 


308.61 


122 


1588.470 


50.490 


169 


5818.900 


142.760 


216 


16109.94 


313.21 


123 


1638.960 


51.800 1 7n 


5961.660 


145.530 


217 


16423.15 


317.75 


124 


1690-760 


53.120 


171 


6107.190 


148.290 


218 


16740.90 


322.39 


125 


1743.880 54.470 


172 


6255.480 


151.120 


219 


17063.29 


327.07 


126 


1798.350 55.850 


173 


6406.600 153.950 


220 


17390.36 


331.77 


127 


is:, 1.200! 57.270 


174 


6560.550 156.850 


221 


17722.13 


336.55 


128 


1911.460 58.680 


175 


6717.430;159.790 


222 


18058.64 


341.30 


129 


1970.150 60.130 


176 


6877.220 162.750 


223 


18399.94 


346.13 


130 


2030.280 61.660 


177 


7039.970 165.750 


224 


18746.07 


350.97 


131 


2091.946 63.090 


178 


7205.720 168.800 


225 


19097.04 


355.88 


138 


21.V).0. JO 64.660 


179 


7374.520 171.870 


226 


19452.92 


360.84 


133 


2219.690 66.230 


180 


7546.390 174.980 


227 


19813.76 


365.85 


134 


2285.920 67.810 


181 


7721.370 178.150 


228 


20179.61 


370.87 


135 


2353.730 69.430 


182 


7899.520 181.320 


229 


20550.48 


375.92 


186 


2423.160 71.070 


183 


8080.840184.560 


230 


20926.40 




137 


2494.230 72.770 


184 


8265.400 187.830 









GASES. 



Ill 



1 

i 5 

I 

~ ^ 

H O 



13 



~ -* o i^ -r> 



c ^ ~ i- c 



OOQOCCOOi i 



. r: o ^J O o o <>< o 
w ~ ri xJ t- i^- cc ci 



o L?s 

c 



^ fS O <N (N C : CO 

cQOaoc0iOioQ<Daooeor^c4r^ ^ ~ r- 



112 



GASES. 



3 + 



W 3 



3 o 



O ! g 

6 



T}< o co o oc I-H o co i ii I 



a ^. 



CO t^ CC C5 C7 00 O CO ^ CO CO OC -~ - 
r-i CO O - O G^l O CO r-> *<# t^ O Tt< CC M - 



CM r- -M -* x n c: o O CO O i r- o GO 



Q)COlftrC0*H lOlQ>O6Q>QO* < O< 

<M c-i ^i ri T-7 cc c^ co -^ -t -^ ^ ^o o co ;o 



. 

- ~ 



C O 



.Of^OOO 

ococ ~ 



1 + 



GASES. 113 



o 1-4 ^ co CLCO co ^ eo <> c* e ao IQ ^ o ^ OD co e <o oo o ** C* oo 4 

od ci cs o i-i I-H oi co TJ o co t^ od ci r ?i co -* to i^- c> r-I co o t- <rj ^-5 



Ci CO CO " * O ^H CO O ^ CO 



N t^ Ol QO -^ i-H QO O <^ --H Ci 00 30 OO CS O <M_ O 00 ^ ^ "M C5 CO rf CO CO Tf CO 
b* t 00 00 O) C> O v4 O CO 4O ^|i lO CO ^o Ok O vN O< ^* iO b 40 O Oi ^> CD 00 O 



>lX!*tiOf > -TtiC<IOQOt>.t > -t^ QOO5< iTfil~-i-^O -(t > - ^iT<Ii t r"i-~ 
OO GO O O O r* C4 CO 6 ^ >O CO t>^ 00 O f-^ e ^ 4 l>^ 46 O M -^ CO 00 O 



c e* 00 c0 op ao o to ^i o C4 10 O 



OD oo A A o i-< <>* eo to.co t o 1-4 c eo w c ao A ^ co o i^ at 



CO !> CO O O 



114 



GASES. 



TABLE 

OF THE TENSION OF THE VAPOR OF MERCURY FOR EACH 
10 DEGREES. 



REGNAULT. Memoires de 1 Academic de France, Tome XXVI. p. 520. 



Temperature 
of the Air 
Thermome 
ter. 


Tension. 


Temperature 
of the Air 
Thermome 
ter. 


Tension. 


Temperature 
of the Air 
Thermome 
ter. 


Tension. 


o 



mm. 
0.0200 


o 

180 


mm. 
11.00 


360 


mm. 
797.74 


10 


0.0268 


190 


14.84 


370 


954.65 


20 


0.0372 


200 


19.90 


380 


1139.65 


30 


0.0530 


210 


26.35 


390 


1346.71 


40 


0.0767 


220 


34.70 


400 


1587.96 


50 


0.1120 


230 


45.35 


410 


1863.73 


60 


0.1643 


240 


58.82 


420 


2177.53 


70 


0.2410 


250 


75.75 


430 


2533.01 


80 


0.3528 


260 


96.73 


440 


2933.99 


90 


0.5142 


270 


123.01 


450 


3384.35 


100 


0.7455 


280 


155.17 


460 


3888.14 


110 


1.0734 


290 


194.46 


470 


4449.45 


120 


1.5341 


300 


242.15 


480 


5072.43 


130 


2.1752 


310 


299.69 


490 


5761.32 


140 


3.0592 


320 


368.73 


500 


6520.25 


150 


4.2664 


330 


450.91 


510 


7253.44 


160 


5.9002 


340 


548.35 


520 


8264.96 


170 


8.0912 


350 


663.18 







GASES. 



115 



TABLE 



FOR DIRECT NITROGEN DETERMINATIONS GIVING 



__0.0012562 
(1 + 0.00367 760 



JAMES T. BROWN. Jour. Chem. Soc. N S. Vol. III. p. 210. 



t 


0.0012662 
(1 + 0. 00367" 0760* 


Diff. 


t 


0.0012562 
(T+~0.00367 I) 760 


Diff. 





0.00000165289 




16 


0.00000156121 


544 


1 


0.00000164685 


604 


17 


0.00000155582 


539 


2 


0.00000164085 


600 


18 


0.00000155047 


535 


3 


0.00000163489 


596 


19 


0.00000154515 


532 


4 


0.00000162898 


591 


20 


0.00000153986 


529 


5 


0.00000162311 


587 


21 


0.00000153462 


524 


6 


0.00000161728 


583 


22 


0.000001 52941 


521 


7 


0.00000161149 


579 


23 


0.0000015-2423 


518 


8 


0.00000160574 


575 


24 


0.00000151909 


514 


9 


0.00000160004 


570 


25 


0.00000151398 


511 


10 


0.00000159438 


566 


26 


0.00000150891 


507 


11 


0.00000158875 


563 


27 


0.00000150387 


504 


12 


0.00000158317 


558 


28 


0.00000149887 


500 


13 


0.00000157762 


555 


29 


0.00000149389 


498 


14 


0.00000157211 


551 


30 


0.00000148896 


493 


15 


0.00000156665 


546 









Formula for the use of the above table. 



W = 



0.0012562 






(1 + 0.00367 760 > 

W = weight of gas in grammes. 
t = temperature of gas. 
V = volume in cc, 
P = pressure in mm. 



116 



GASES. 



OF 



TABLE 

0.0012932 



760 (1 + 0.00367 * 
JAMES T. BROWN. Jour. Chem. Soc. N. 8. IV. p. 74. 



t 


A 


Diff. 


t 


A 


Diff. 


20.0 


0.00000183636 


363 


o 

2.5 


0.00000171733 


317 


19.5 


0.00000183273 


361 


2.0 


0.00000171416 


317 


19.0 


0.00000182912 


360 


1.5 


0.00000171099 


815 


18.5 


0.00000182552 


359 


1.0 


0.00000170784 


314 


18.0 


0.00000182193 


357 


0.5 


0.00000170470 


313 


17.5 


0.00000181836 


356 


0.0 


0.00000170157 


311 


17.0 


0.00000181480 


355 


-f- 0.5 


0.00000169846 


311 


16.5 


0.00000181125 


353 


1.0 


0.00000169535 


309 


16.0 


0.00000180772 


351 


1.5 


0.00000169226 


308 


15.5 


0.00000180421 


351 


2.0 


0.00000168918 


308 


15.0 


0.00000180070 


349 


25 


0.00000168610 


306 


14.5 


0.00000179721 


347 


3.0 


0.00000168304 


305 


14.0 


0.00000179374 


347 


3.5 


0.00000167999 


303 


13.5 


0.00000179027 


345 


4.0 


0.00000167696 


303 


13.0 


0.00000178682 


343 


4.5 


0.00000167393 


302 


12.5 


0.00000178339 


343 


5.0 


0.00000167091 


806 


12.0 


0.00000177996 


341 


5.5 


0.00000166791 


300 


11.5 


0.000001 7 7;.V) 


339 


6.0 


0.00000166491 


298 


11.0 


0.00000177316 


339 


6.5 


0.00000166193 


297 


10.5 


0.00000176977 


337 


7.0 


0.00000165896 


297 


10.0 


0.00000176640 


336 


7.5 


0.00000165599 


295 


9.5 


0.00000176304 


334 


8.0 


0.00000165304 


294 


9.0 


0.00000175970 


334 


8.5 


0.00000165010 


293 


8.5 


OJ)00001 75636 


332 


9.0 


0.00000164717 


292 


8.0 


0.00000175304 


330 


9.5 


0.00000164425 


891 


7.5 


0.00000174974 


330 


10.0 


0.00000164134 


290 


7.0 


0.00000174644 


328 


10.5 


0.00000163844 


289 


6.5 


0.00000174316 


327 


11.0 


0.00000163555 


288 


6.0 


0.00000173989 


326 


11.5 


0.00000163267 


287 


5.5 


0.00000173603 


325 


12.0 


0.00000162980 


286 


5.0 


0.000001 7;::;:;s 


323 


12.5 


0.00000162694 


285 


4.5 


0.00000173015 


322 


13.0 


0.00000162409 


284 


4.0 


0.00000172693 


321 


13.5 


0.00000162125 


283 


3.5 


0.00000172372 


320 


14.0 


0.00000161842 


282 


3.0 


0.00000172052 


319 


14.5 


0.00000161560 


281 



GASES. 



117 



t 


A 


DIET. 


t 


A 


Diff. 


+15.0 


0.00000161279 


280 


+39.0 


0.00000148852 


238 


15.5 


0.00000160999 


279 


89.5 


0.00000148614 


238 


16.0 


0.000001 GO 7 20 


278 


40.0 


0.000001 IN;; 7(1 


237 


16.5 


0.000001 G(>! 12 


277 


40.5 


0.00000148139 


237 


17.0 


0.0o0oon;oii;:> 


276 


41.0 


0147902 


235 


17.5 


O.onoooi:>9889 


276 


41.5 


0.00000147667 


235 


18.0 


0. ooooo 159G 13 


274 


42.0 


O.oooooi47i:!2 


234 


18.5 


0.00000159339 


273 


42.5 


0.00000147198 


233 


19.0 


0.00000159066 


273 


43.0 


0.000001 4<;<>G5 


233 


19.5 


0.00000158793 


271 


43.5 


0.00000146732 


232 


20.0 


0.00000158522 


271 


44.0 


0.00000146500 


231 


20.5 


0.00000158251 


269 


44.5 


0.00000146269 


230 


21.0 


0.00000157982 


269 


45.0 


0.0000014G039 


230 


21.5 


0.00000157713 


268 


45.5 


O.OOOOoi 4 :^o<> 


22 . 


22.0 


0.00000157445 


267 


46.0 


0.000001 i 


228 


22.5 


0.00000157178 


266 


46.5 


O.OODOO 14 :>:;. -2 


227 


B&O 


0.00000156912 


265 


47.0 


0.0000014512:) 


227 


23.5 


0.00000156647 


264 


47.5 


O.OOOooi 44 sus 


226 


24.0 


0.00000156383 


263 


48.0 


0.000001 44 15 72 


225 


24.5 


0.00000156120 


263 


48.5 


0.00000144447 


225 


25.0 


0.00000155857 


261 


49.0 


0.00000144222 


224 


25.5 


0.00000155596 


261 


49.5 


0.00000143998 


223 


2G.O 


0.00000155335 


260 


50.0 


0.00000143775 


445 


26.5 


0.00000155075 


258 


51.0 


0.00000143330 


442 


27.0 


0.00000154817 


258 


52.0 


O.OOOoo! 42*SS 


439 


27.5 


0.00000154559 


258 


53.0 


0.00000142449 


436 


28.0 


0.00000154301 


256 


54.0 


0.00000142013 


434 


28.5 


0.00000154045 


255 


55.0 


0.00000141579 


431 


29.0 


0.00000153790 


255 


56.0 


0.00000141148 


428 


29.5 


0.00000153535 


254 


57.0 


o.<HiooOl40720 


426 


30.0 


0.00000153281 


253 


58.0 


0.000001 4 02! >4 


423 


30.5 


0.00000153028 


252 


59.0 


0.000001 :?!)871 


421 


31.0 


0.00000 15 2 7 7 5 


251 


60.0 


0.000001 3!ii:o 


418 


81.5 


O.oo< MM 11 ,v_>,v_>:> 


251 


61 


0.00000189062 


416 


32.0 


0.0000015*274 


249 


62.0 


0.00000 I3si;i(> 


413 


32.5 


0.00000152025 


249 


63.0 


0.00000138203 


410 


33.0 


0.00000151776 


248 


64.0 


000000137793 


409 


33.5 


0.00000151528 


247 


65.0 


0.00000187884 


406 


M.O 


O.OOoool ,-,12*1 


247 


66.0 


o.oooooi;]t;978 


403 


34.5 


0.00000151034 


245 


67.0 


0.00000186675 


401 


86.0 


0.00000150789 


245 


68.0 


o.oooo013G174 


399 


35.5 


0.00000150544 


244 


69.0 


o.oo 185775 


396 


36.0 


0.00000150300 


243 


7().o 


o.oii i] ;;:>:; 7.0 


395 


36.5 


0.00000150057 


243 


71.0 


O.oooooi ;u:s4 


391 


37.0 


0.00000149814 


242 


72.0 


O.OOOoo i:{i:,!i:j 


390 


37.5 


o.oooooi 4:>:>72 


240 


73.0 


O.OOOoo i;? i 2<>:5 


387 


38.0 


0.00000149332 


241 


74.0 


0.00000133816 


385 


38.5 


0.00000149091 


239 


75.0 


0.000001 334 ;U 


383 



118 



GASES. 



t 


A 


Diff. 


t 


A 


Diff. 


+ 70 


0.00000133048 


381 




+124 


0.00000116940 


294 


77 


0.00000132G67 


379 


125 


0.00000 116646 


293 


78 


0.00000132288 


376 


126 


0.0000011 U353 


291 


79 


0.00000131912 


374 


127 


0.000001 HJO 12 


290 


80 


0.00000131538 


372 


128 


0.00000115772 


288 


81 


0.00000131166 


370 


129 


0.00000115484 


287 


82 


0.00000130796 


368 


130 


0.00000115197 


286 


83 


000000130428 


366 


131 


0.00000114911 


284 


84 


0.00000130062 


364 


132 


0.00000 1 14 ti 2 7 


283 


85 


0.00000129698 


362 


133 


0.00000114344 


281 


86 


0.00000129336 


360 


134 


0.00000114063 


280 


87 


0.00000128976 


357 


135 


0.00000113783 


278 


88 


0.00000128619 


356 


136 


0.00000113505 


278 


89 


0.00000128263 


354 


137 


0.00000113227 


275 


90 


0.00000127909 


352 


138 


0.00000112952 


275 


91 


0.00000127557 


350 


139 


0.00000112677 


273 


92 


0.00000127207 


348 


140 


0.00000112404 


272 


93 


0.00000126859 


346 


141 


0.00000112132 


270 


94 


0.00000126513 


344 


142 


0.00000111802 


270 


95 


0.00000126169 


343 


143 


0.00000111592 


268 


96 


0.00000125826 


340 


144 


0.00000111324 


266 


97 


0.00000125486 


339 


145 


0.00000111058 


266 


98 


0.00000125147 


337 


146 


0.00000110792 


264 


99 


0.00000124810 


335 


147 


0.00000110528 


263 


100 


0.00000124475 


333 


148 


0.00000110265 


261 


101 


0.00000124142 


332 


149 


0.00000110004 


261 


102 


0.00000123810 


330 


150 


0.00000109743 


259 


103 


0.00000123480 


328 


151 


0.00000109484 


258 


104 


0.00000123152 


326 


152 


0.00000109226 


256 


105 


0.000001 22S2I! 


324 


153 


0.00000108970 


256 


106 


0.00000122502 


323 


154 


0.00000108714 


254 


107 


0.00000122179 


321 


155 


0.00000108460 


253 


108 


0.00000121858 


320 


156 


0.00000108207 


252 


109 


0.00000121538 


318 


157 


0.00000107955 


251 


110 


0.00000121220 


316 


158 


0.00000107704 


250 


111 


0.00000120904 


314 


159 


0.00000107454 


248 


112 


0.000001 2o;,!H) 


313 


160 


000000107206 


247 


113 


0.00000120277 


311 


161 


O.ooo00l06959 


247 


114 


0.00000119966 


310 


162 


0.00000106712 


245 


115 


0.0000011 HI;. 


308 


163 


0.0000t3l06467 


244 


116 


0.00000119348 


306 


164 


0.000001 0(i 223 


242 


117 


0.000001 1!M) J2 


305 


165 


O.Oooooi 05981 


2 I 2 


118 


O.oooooi 18737 


303 


166 


0.000ooio;,-;i!i 


210 


119 


ooooodi ISI.-H 


302 


167 


0.000001054 !Mi 


240 


120 


O.OOOOOH8132 


300 


168 


0.00000 105 2. ) !l 


239 


121 


0.000001 17S.-J2 


299 


169 


0.00000 105 020 


237 


122 


O.ooooo ii7;>;;;{ 


297 


170 


0.000001017*3 


236 


123 


0.00000117236 


296 


171 


0.00000104547 


236 



GASES. 



110 



t 


A 


Diff. 


t 


A 


Diff. 


-f-l72 


0.00000104311 


234 


o 


0.00000094145 


191 


173 


0.00000104077 


233 


221 


O.OOOoMuiisio I 


IPO 


174 


0.00000103844 


232 


2-22 


0.00000093764 


190 


175 


0.00000103612 


231 


223 


O.OOoooo :;;,: j 


188 


176 


O.OU000103381 


230 


224 


0.00000093386 


188 


177 


0.00000103151 


229 


225 


0.00000093198 


187 


178 


0.00000102922 


228 


226 


0.00000093011 


186 


179 


0.00000102694 


227 


227 


0.00000092825 


185 


180 


0.00000102467 


226 


228 


0.00000092640 


185 


181 


0.00000102241 


225 


229 


0.00000092455 


184 


182 


0.00000102016 


224 


230 


0.00000092271 


183 


183 


0.00000101792 


223 


231 


0.00000092088 


183 


184 


0.00000101569 


222 


232 


0.00000091905 


182 


185 


0.00000101347 


221 


233 


0.00000091723 


181 


186 


0.00000101126 


220 


234 


0.00000091542 


180 


187 


0.00000100906 


219 


235 


0.00000091362 


180 


188 


0.00000100687 


218 


236 


0.00000091182 


179 


189 


0.00000100469 


217 


237 


0.00000091003 


178 


190 


0.000001 0<>-2.V2 


217 


238 


000000090825 


178 


191 


0.00000100035 


215 


239 


0.00000090647 


177 


192 


0.00000099820 


215 


240 


0.00000090470 


176 


193 


0.00000099605 


213 


241 


0.00000090294 


175 


194 


0.00000099392 


213 


242 


0.00000090119 


175 


195 


0.00000099179 


211 


243 


0.00000089944 


174 


196 


0.00000098968 


211 


244 


0.00000089770 


174 


197 


0.000000:^ 


210 


245 


0.00000089596 


173 


198 


0.00000098547 


209 


246 


0.00000089423 


172 


199 


0.00000098338 


208 


247 


0.0000008f2:.l 


171 


200 


0.00000098130 


207 


248 


0.00000089080 


171 


201 


0.00000097923 


207 


249 


0.00000088909 


170 


202 


0.00000097716 


205 


250 


0.00000088739 


170 


203 


0.00000097511 


205 


251 


0.0000008V":M 


169 


204 


0.00000097306 


204 


252 


0.00000088400 


168 


205 


0.00000097102 


203 


253 


0.00000088232 


167 


206 


0.00000096899 


202 


254 


0.00000088065 


167 


207 


0.00000096697 


201 


255 


0.00000087898 


167 


208 


0.00000096496 


201 


256 


0.000000877;]! 


165 


209 


0.00000096295 


199 


257 


0.00000087566 


165 


210 


0.00000096096 


199 


258 


0.00000087401 


165 


211 


0.00000095897 


198 


259 


0.00000087236 


164 


212 


0.00000095699 


197 


260 


0.00000087072 


163 


213 


0.00000095502 


196 


261 


0.on<HnoStl909 


163 


214 


0.00000095306 


196 


2fi2 


O.n0o0nox6747 




215 


0.00000095110 


194 


263 


0.00000086585 


162 


216 


0.00000094916 


194 


264 


0.00000086423 


161 


217 


0.000000947-2-2 


193 


265 


O.OOOooo.s, ;_>,;_> 


160 


218 


0.00000094529 


193 


266 


0.00000086102 


159 


219 


0.00000094336 


191 


267 


0.00000085943 


159 



120 



GASES. 



t 


A 


Diff. 


t 


A 


Diff. 


-J-2G8 


0.00000085784 


159 


o 
-j-310 


0.00000079598 


136 


2G9 


0.00000085G25 


158 


311 


0.00000079-1U2 


136 


270 


0.00000085467 


157 


312 


0.00000079326 


186 


271 


0.00000085310 


157 


313 


0.00000079190 


135 


272 


0.00000085153 


156 


314 


0.00000079055 


134 


273 


0.00000084997 


155 


315 


0.0000007K921 


134 


274 


0.00000084842 


155 


316 


0.00000078787 


134 


275 


0.00000084687 


155 


317 


0.00000078653 


133 


276 


0,00000084532 


153 


318 


0.00000078520 


133 


277 


0.00000084379 


154 


319 


0.00000078387 


132 


278 


0.00000084225 


152 


320 


0.00000078255 


132 


279 


0.00000084073 


153 


321 


0.00000078123 


132 


280 


0.00000083920 


151 


322 


0.00000077991 


131 


281 


0.00000083769 


151 


323 


0.00000077860 


130 


282 


0.00000083618 


151 


324 


0.00000077730 


130 


283 


0.00000083467 


150 


325 


0.00000077600 


130 


284 


0.00000083317 


149 


326 


0.00000077470 


129 


285 


0.00000083168 


149 


327 


0.00000077341 


129 


286 


0.00000083019 


149 


328 


0.00000077212 


128 


287 


0.00000082870 


148 


329 


0.00000077084 


128 


288 


0.00000082722 


147 


330 


0.00000076956 


128 


289 


0.00000082575 


147 


331 


0.00000076828 


127 


290 


0.00000082428 


146 


332 


0.00000076701 


127 


291 


0.00000082282 


146 


333 


0.00000076574 


126 


292 


0.00000082136 


145 


334 


0.00000076448 


126 


293 


0.00000081991 


145 


335 


0.00000076322 


125 


294 


0.00000081846 


144 


336 


0.00000076197 


125 


295 


0.00000081702 


144 


337 


0.00000076072 


125 


296 


0.00000081558 


143 


338 


0.00000075947 


1 24 


297 


0.00000081415 


143 


339 


0.00000075823 


124 


298 


0.00000081272 


142 


340 


0.00000075699 


123 


299 


0.00000081130 


141 


341 


0.00000075576 


123 


300 


0.00000080989 


142 


342 


0.00000075453 


123 


301 


0.00000080847 


140 


343 


0.00000075330 


122 


302 


0.00000080707 


141 


344 


0.00000075208 


122 


303 


0.00000080566 


139 


345 


0.00000075086 


121 


304 


0.00000080427 


140 


346 


0.00000074965 


121 


305 


0.00000080287 


138 


347 


0.00000074844 


121 


306 


0.00000080149 


139 


348 


0.00000074723 


120 


307 


0.00000080010 


138 


349 


0.00000074603 


120 


308 


0.00000079872 


137 


350 


0.00000074483 




309 


0.00000079735 


137 









GASES. 



121 



TABLE 



OF 



0.00887 



1 + 0.00367 t 



JAMES T. BROWN. Jour. Them. Soc. N. S. IV p. 74. 



t 


0.00367 

1 + 0.00367 1 


Diff. 


t 0.00867 

1 + 000367* 


Diff. 


20.0 


0.00396071 


783 




2.5 


0.00370398 


685 


19.5 


0.00395288 


779 


2.0 


0.00369713 


682 


19.0 


0.00394509 


777 


1.5 


0.00369031 


680 


18.5 


0.00393732 


774 


1.0 


0.00868351 


677 


18.0 


0.00392958 


770 


0.5 


O.OU367674 


674 


17.5 


0.00392188 


768 


0.0 


0.00367000 


673 


17.0 


0.00391420 


764 


-|- 0.5 


0.00366327 


669 


16.5 


( . 0390656 


762 


1.0 


0.00365658 


668 


16.0 


0.00389894 


758 


1.5 


0.00364990 


665 


I6.fi 


0.00389136 


756 


2.0 


0.00364325 


662 


15.0 


0.00388380 


753 


2.5 


0.00363663 


660 


14.5 


0.00387627 


750 


3.0 


0.00363003 


658 


14.0 


0.00386877 


747 


3.5 


00036 23-1 r, 


655 


13.5 


0.00386130 


744 


4.0 


0.00861690 


653 


13.0 


0.003859 


741 


4.5 


0.00861037 


651 


12.5 


0.003S4645, 


738 


5.0 


0.00360386 


648 


12.0 


0.00383907 


736 




0.00359738 


646 


11.5 


0.00383171 


732 


6.0 


0.00359092 


643 


11.0 


0.00382439 


730 


6.5 


0.00358449 


642 


10.5 


000381709 


727 


7.0 


0.00357807 


639 


10.0 


0.00380982 


725 


7.5 


0.00357168 


636 


9.5 


0.00380257 


721 


8.0 


00356532 


635 


9.0 


0.00379536 


719 


8.5 


0.00355S97 


632 


8.5 


0.00378817 


716 


9.0 


0.00355265 


630 


8.0 


0.00378101 


714 


! .:. 


0.00354635 


628 


7.:> 


0.00377387 


711 


10.0 


0.00354007 


625 


7.0 


0.00376676 


708 


10.5 


0.00353! 


623 


6..1 


0.00375968 


705 


11.0 


0.00352759 


621 


6.0 


0.00375263 


703 


11.5 


(i ((:::,-_> 138 


619 


5.5 


0.00374560 


700 


12.0 


0.00351519 


617 


5.0 


0.00373860 


698 


l _>.:> 


0.00350 


615 


4.5 


0.00373162 


695 


13.0 


0.003502 


612 


4.0 


0.00372467 


692 


13.5 


0.00349675 


610 


3.5 


0.00871775 


690 


14.0 


0.00849065 




3.0 


0.00371085 


687 


14.5 


0.00348456 


606 



122 



GASES. 



t 


0.00367 

1 + 0.003G7 * * 


Diff. 


t 


o.oa 

r+~OT00367l* 


Diff. 


+15.0 


0.00347850 


604 


+33.0 


0.00327354 


535 


15.5 


0.00347246 


601 


33.5 


0.00326819 


533 


16.0 


0.00346645 


600 


34.0 


0.00326286 


532 


16.5 


0.0034G045 


598 


34.5 


0.00325754 


530 


17.0 


0.00345447 


596 


35.0 


0.00325224 


528 


17.5 


0.00344851 


593 


35.5 


0.00324696 


526 


18.0 


0.00344258 


592 


36.0 


0.00324170 


524 


18.5 


0.00343666 


589 


36.5 


0.00323646 


523 


19.0 


0.00343077 


588 


37.0 


0.00323123 


522 


19.5 


0.00342489 


585 


37.5 


0.00322601 


519 


20.0 


0.00341904 


584 


38.0 


0.00322082 


518 


20.5 


0.00341320 


581 


38.5 


0.00321564 


516 


21.0 


0.00340739 


580 


39.0 


0.00321048 


515 


21.5 


0.00340159 


577 


39.5 


0.00320533 


513 


22.0 


0.00339582 


577 


40.0 


0.00320020 


511 


22.5 


0.00339005 


573 


40.5 


0.00319509 


509 


23.0 


0.00338432 


571 


41.0 


0.00319000 


508 


23.5 


0.00337861 


570 


41.5 


0.00318492 


507 


24.0 


0.00337291 


568 


42.0 


0.00317985 


505 


24.5 


0.00336723 


566 


42.5 


0.00317480 


503 


25.0 


0.00336157 


564 


43.0 


0.00316977 


501 


25.5 


0.00335593 


562 


43.5 


0.00316476 


500 


26.0 


0.00335031 


560 


44.0 


0.00315976 


499 


26.5 


0.00334471 


559 


44.5 


0.00315477 


497 


27.0 


0.00333912 


556 


45.0 


0.00314980 


495 


27.5 


0.00333356 


555 


45.5 


0.00314485 


494 


28.0 


0.00332801 


553 


46.0 


0.00313991 


492 


28.5 


0.00332248 


551 


46.5 


0.00313499 


490 


29.0 


0.00331(597 


549 


47.0 


0.00313009 


490 


29.5 


0.00331148 


548 


47.5 


0.00312519 


487 


30.0 


0.00330600 


545 


48.0 


0.00312032 


486 


30.5 


0.003300:.,-) 


544 


48.5 


0.00311546 


485 


31.0 


0.0032D511 


542 


49.0 


0.00311061 


483 


31.5 


0.00328969 


540 


49.5 


0.00310578 


481 


32.0 


0.00328429 


539 


50.0 


0.00310097 




32.5 


0.00327890 


536 









GASES. 123 



EXAMPLE 



OF THE USE OF THE TABLES FOR REDUCTION OF A BAROMETER 

TO 0. 



Observed height Barometer with glass scale 740.0 
Attached Thermometer 14.5 



o mm. 

Correction for 10 1.266140 

" " 4 0.506460 

" " 0.5 0.063307 



Total, 1.835907 

.. rue height of Barometer 740 1.84 = 738.16. 

If the temperature is below C. the correction becomes Additive. 

The table for a brass scale is used in the same manner. 



124 



CASKS. 



5 I 



" 





o 


fi 

So 


rH CO 

rH CO 

~H 04 

O 


Ol t>- 

Ol t^ 

^ 01 

3 


CO X <* C5 iO 

co x ^ 05 >o 

rH O5 X CO IO 
iO O CO l- X 

00000 


G 

03 




CO 

-- 

01 

c: 


711- 

rH 05 


ct 

x 


X CO O5 -rj< 

x -* 05 m 

CO >O CO <M 

CO f CO 




r-l 

rH 















00000 


c 


o 


O 





O O O 


r. 




05 




e^ 

eS 




iO CO 
r-l 04 

o o 



X iO 
O X 
CO CO 


O 
oi ot to co O 

CO CO r-l . ! - 

*t iO CO CO ^- 

o o o o o 


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GASES. 125 



O 74 f CO GO Tf O O O CO CM t> CO X *~H C^ O O CD CM t> CO OO ~T C"* iO C ~ -H l~ 

J5 X CO "O CO (M O O X CO O CO 74 O C5 t^. CD O CO 74 OO5l > -CD ^ CO CM O Ci t^- 

^ X o O i <M co co <* o CD i^ x o~. rs o 71 TO i-o o - - x ci o i t-i CM 

-i i-i -i CM CM (7171740174 CM CM CM CM CM CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 

ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd 



C50C1000 OOOOOOOOX) X- X 00 X 00 00X000000 OOOOOOGOt^ t^l^l^t-t^ 

CD CO O t^ -rf r-i X u-7 74 C5 CO TO ~ t 1-1 X O 71 Ci CC CO C r X O 71 Ci 

^- r: t- -74 o i- i~ co c x co -r ~ i- 71 o t- uo. TO x: co r. <~ 

^I-XC* OO^-i71TO TO L-7 CO CO f^X-ClOO r-.71COCOT t-OCOCOt^X 

oo odd ddddd ddddd ddddd do odd o dddd 



CiCOOO MCO 

t i o cc t^- o eo. MOCit^- co-^GMi 10 
r: c --r rs o 



co o t -^ ^H i^ rt i-, x >--: (M o o *M rs cr r: c --r rs o ^ * -i t^ -^ x .- -M 

V5^C>t^ t>.CCClC^O .-I <M 07 CO TfOO-Ot^ OOXC5OO ^- fM 71 77 

I i I i < r-i rHr I-^^^SM CM(M?>1<M(M CM!MCMiG < l C^C^lfMCOCO O7D777r77^ 

ooooo o"o odd o dddd ddddd do odd doddd 



- 



^CDO^ CC(M-HCiQO 
-t O ul iS -t 



r- CD CD CO CO CD CO CD CO O C O O i.O uO >S -"7 i-"7 Tf ** Tf -t 

O CD CO t^- t>* X O^ C5 O d i^ 74 <74 CO CO "^ *O *O CO CO t>- X X C^ CS 
_ _ _ _ _ ^^^^^jviiy^ CMCMCM74CM CMCMCMCMCM CMCMCMCMT4 



ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo o o 



O CO CO O CO CO O ** f- C5 CM CC n C7 -> Ci C7 --O . -M i~ C". 71 CO C5 <N CD CT. 71 ^ 

oooi tc^icooco t^cso co -?o -x~ T-I :: ~ -r 

t^ <>) OO CO OC CC CO CO OC CO C5 ^ OS -<t C5 -^ Ci O O <-> O O O i-1 O CC ^- CO t-H CO 

^iO OCOCDt^t^ GC X ~ O O r- 71 "M TO 77 -TtOC 



ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo 



-*C5CO-* (MCS^ut71 OXOCO-H Cir^-*^MO OC tt -* < C5 1^ U7 5^ O t- 

*"* CO CO CS C-l ""t* E^- O CO CO S, *-* *?* ^ C^ 71 -"7 ~fi r * T^t CC C^ 7) T ^* O CO CO X 

CS -^ X (M O r- O rt X 71 CO r- O ^> CO X 71 --T . >O A CO OO <N CO 1-1 O C5 CO 

x cs c; o o i i i i i CM 01 co co ** ^r -^f -T ": t i~ i^ x x ~ cr. o o o * 

O O O r-l l-< T-l T-( T-( i ( T r- 1 II > (i I ^Hii 1^-1 i , I , I ^H , l t I r-< Ol 71 71 71 



ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo occoc: ccooo 



COOO^iCOiO OOO<M-fCO XOCOi-^t^ O W -t CD 00 O(MCt^C5 71-^ ^XC 

X CM 1^ ^- i ."7 C: X 7) -^ C i- 77 1^ <M CO O rt OO CO t^ 1C O -r X 71 CO -i 

r-^iOX<MU7! 00(71u-7ri<7) COCi(71COCS CO CO ~ CO CT ^77t^OCO I^O*t>^ -H 

t^ i^ t^- x X X c^ c^ Ci o o O * * -^ CM 71 co cc TO ^t* ^?j* ^* o o o tjr vc ^r i - 

OOOOO OOOOr-l ^^^^-^H r-,^-,-,^ _^, ^^^^_^_ 



ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo 



OCOCOOCO COClCOC^Oi CD<73C5CC!?3 O5 O 71 X CO CO n CO CO C5 tT75^XiO(N 
CS tOCO^H l^ 7>X~tC5 i.t i CO <N X CO Ci O O CO tN t CO r: ^- C CO i t--. CO 



iO iO CO CO CO co r t^. r- t^ oc X X 00 O C: r-. C C O O -i .-i r 7 1 7i 7) 7"i 



OOOO OOOOO OOO_OO 

dddd doo o d do" odd ddddd do odd odd do 



CO X OO-^T ICO ^ .OCOt^Ci O-<<MCO"* OCOt>-XO -i <M CO -^ >f5 
Of- TT-tCSCOCO O l^- -f I 00 COCOOt^--f i iXOSMO t^- X O 



co co co ~ o i~ o o o o co co cf vr vr i~ i- ^ t- t- t- x r. x x" 

ooooo ooooo rrrrr ooooo oooco c~ooo 



ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo 



74 f^* CO X *3* Ci i^ O CO * ^^- 74 X ^ C^ i^ O CO 71 I V *-TOX - J ^ OC CC^-t^- 

c; x co o TO 74 o r: x -^ O OO C* O CB t- co i.o TO 7i o r-. i- co -r TO 01 r r. i- 

t^ X o O i CM co TO .o co i- x c; n o 7i TO O O CO * OC c. c CM 

I -^ ^. 7^1 74 74 7J 71 71 71 71 71 71 71 71 CO TO TO TO TO TO TO TO TO TO CO TT 

rrrrc o c o o o or coo cc-occ recce rccrc 

doodo" ddddd ddddd doddo" ddddd do" odd 



o 10 o o o o o >o c- 10 o o o o o -o o o o I.O c- - r >o r <- r .~ r 

rHr-i(M<N COCO-t-fiO iOCOCOt>-t^ X^XCJOO O 71 71 rt ro .- 



126 



GASES. 





r* 


OCOr-il^Ol CO CO 0: ~f O O .-I CD 01 t CO GO "F OS O OCOi-tt^O 
CC GO * OS O O CO i t I - CO CC -f OS O O CC i t>- Ol 3D "f OS O O CD 

q CD -^ CO r- ( O OS t^- CC ** CO T i O CC t-- CC -f CO i 1 O GO 1 - O i- TO i 
- Ct -f irt CC I - 1 - -X 1 ~ C ~ 01 C~ CO -t O CD 1^ CC OS 05 O Ol TO -f 






OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO 










9 


CD CO O 1"~ ^t< . 1 CC O Ol OS CD CO O 1^- -t 1 t I GO O Ol OS CO CO O 1^- -} 
g 0) O CO O CO I-H CO CD -*t< 1 Oil-iOOlO COOCO^-CO CD^fOlOsl^ 
2 OS O O i I Ol COCOT^iOCD CDt>.COO5O Or- 1 Ol CC CO -fOCCCCl^- 






ddddd ddddd o ddoo ddddd ddddd 




OD 


g o: i.i 01 05 o cc o cc cc O t~ f i GO -f -- x o 01 os >-C 01 cr. CD cc 






OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO 






r-lOOSCOCD lO^COOli-- O OS CO CO >O -r^Ol-HOOS CO I"- CO >O CO 




N 


gOi (i IOIO1 COTf-f>OO CCf-^-GOCO O5 O O T I r-< OlCOCO-^f ^ 






OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO 






. 1^- O5 O i-H CO ^ O *> GC OS i i O*l CC O CO t^- O5 O i 1 CO f O t^- CC OS 
g-HCDOll^-Ol t-^Oll>-Oll^- CCOOCOGCCO GCCOCJ tlOS TtiOS-fOS-^ 






"O1O1OIO1O1 O1O1O1COCO COCOCOCOCO COCOCOCOCO COCOCOCOCC 


1 




OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO 


I 




. ^H ^ >^ OS Ol 1O CO O CO CD OS 01 -t l^ O CO O OO i-H ^ 1^ 0: 01 >O CO 
gGOOlCOOO OSCOCOOICD OOOSCOCO OICOO>OO5 COI^-OICDO 






Soioioioioi oioioioioi 0101010101 0101010101 cococccoco 






ddddd ddddd odd do do o o d o ddo o 




4 


CM -f t-- OS i 1 -fCOOOOOl ^CDOSi ICO COGCOOI 1 ^! COCO-HCO>O 
O OS CO t Ol CO O ** OS CO t"- T I O O -f CO Ol t- i 1 i~i OS CO CT Ol CD 
g -f i, ,-H -JH CO -> O CC t-i O CC Ol O OS Ol O C5 01 CO 05 01 CO 05 CO CO 






do odd do odd do odd ddddo dddo d 




n 


C5 "O i 1 CO >O II GO f i (OS COO1O5CDO1 O5OO1COIO OIO^OOICO 
. GO "* O ifi r-i l^ Ol CO ^ OS O I CD Ol CO CO 05 >O O CO Ol I- CO OS -J< 
e O CO CD CC i 1 COCDCCi-HCO COOSi-H-^fCD OSi i-^I^-OS Ol-^fl^-OSOl 
|cOCOCOCC-!< -frf^lOO lOiOCDCDCD CDI^t^l^t^ CCGCCC COOS 






dddo d ddddd do odd ddddd ddddo" 






.OlOSCOCOr-H COOO1OSCD COOl-iOOl OSCDCOO ^- -rJ<r-IC5CDCO 













dddo d ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd 




H 


iiHsi ssiss slli;! sssli Ssals 






Sooooo doood d d o o o ododo ooooo 






ododd ddddd ddddd ddddd o dddd 


Millime- 


I 


iO O O O >O O if5 O O O OOOOO O O O O O OOOOO 
OCOCOI-l- CO CC OS OS O Or-i.-l0101 COCOTf-fO OCOCOl-*^ 
OJO1O1O1OI O1O1O1O1CO COCOCO03CO COCOCOCOCO COCOCOCOCO 



GASES. 127 



OC CO Ci ^ 

O OO r- O ^ 

it <~. CO t^ 00 

CO CO CO CO CO 


O -i CO CM t>. 

it O CO i 1 
-i O OC t>. 

3! - 1 1-H CM 


CO 00 -f Ci 
t- CM X 77 - 

t CO CO 
t~ !>. l>- t^ !>. 


O CO i-< t^ (M 
O O CO rH r^ 
X "~ it 71 

r. o 1-1 
t^ i^ t^ oo oo 


00 CO Ci - 

- .t 
r. x -.0 .t 

71 71 77 it 

00 QC OO 00 GO 


- co w r>. 

C - 1-71 
71 - 
CO (^ OO OO Ci 
/ / X 00 00 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


CO CO CO CO CO 
X t -M CI 

i 7 M O OC O 

/. .- - o ~ 


CO CO CD CO O 
CO 77 C 1 - 


t it O O O 

"- "^ CO - ~- 


5 x co oo *H 


O O it .t .t 

i-( 00 o 71 r. 
r. -_ 71 


O O it -. 

co 77 r i.- 
1- .-. -.-. - f 
i- x r. ~ ~ 


ooooo 


ooooo 


o-ooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


~ . X CO O 


CO i rf 
CO GM O Ci I 


Ci CO OO (M CO 


Ci ^ 00 

X -0 77 


CO b- CM CO O 

r x i^ .t - 


s; H s ss 2 


71 -M CO Tf ** 
O O O O O 


O CO CO t>- 00 
it * 1 1 O O 


oo ci o o -H 

O O CO CO CO 


co -o- _ co -o 


o -oi-i- x 

CO CO CO CO CO 


-. r. r 1-1 i 

CO CO 1^ t^ t>- 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


c c c; o o 


ooooo 


ooooo 


_ ^ _ o o 


ooooo 
oc ci Ci o o 


O Ci c; ~. r: 

O O CO C^J 00 
it it O O O 


** o co oi v: 

Tj< O O CO CO 


Ci QC t^ CO 
X X X X f> 

*? O CO CM 00 
t- X X ~ ~ 


CO CO CO CO CO 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


o o c r c 


ooooo 


ooooo 














- T. EQ ,.t CO 




^ t- CO Ci 


2 ?1 C7 ,t 


t- Ci C - 77 


5 o S or oi 


ci ci o o i 


71 7^ CO CO 


o o co 


CO t- t^ X X 


ci ci o r 


~ <?5 CM ^ 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


Ct- i 1* C^ O 


OC CO "f 1-1 Ci 


^0<NO- 


O TO 1-1 CO CO 


^ - Ci - 


CO C5 CO Tf 


7 t^ CM 

71 71 TO CO "^ 


^ o o oS 


I"- CM CO O -* 
CO t^ t^ 00 00 


cc ~. c- 5 


C ~ 77 I- 


71 CO C C-. 


OOOOO 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


cooc^co 


ooocoor^ 


O^CO* 


rf OO CM CO O 


O Ci CO t ~ 71 


- ~ ~( -~ 


r -.- co o co 

71 71 <M CM CM 


t- - - 

t- oo oc <x <ri 

CM CM CM (M (M 


Ci Ci 
(N M CO " ~~ 


rt 7" 7t TO co 


x ^^ t /. ? i 

71 77 C7 CO -*i 
CO 77 CO 77 77- 


-. r. 7 1 i ~ ~ 
-- >-. t It 

77 77 77 77 77 


OOOOO 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


- 00 -f 0, 


Ci O CM C5 O 


(N 00 .0 ^ 00 


O CM 00 O CM 


X ~ 00 


CM 00 CM X 


t i- r -i .t 

Ci Ci O O O 


t- CO X 


D eo o 

CM (M <>l 71 77 
71 71 71 71 7^1 


r rt CO 


CO GO ^ to 

1 1 it t 


c-. . -o r-. 

o -o co co co 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


-t 10 CO t- 00 
O t^- i X 

O i-l CO O CO 


ESSES 

GO O CM CO O 


-" X ~ 71 r: 
t~ 00 O 71 CO 


t^ ^ "- CC O 
O O O CO CO 


CO t^ OO Ci O 
- 77 

CO CD CO <O (* 


~r - Vi r\ co 

i~ i ~ i~ t - r~ 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


- - o o o 


O X t~~ O ~cH 

t O CO t- 00 


Ci O O CO i-H 
CM -H O OO t"*- 

c: . 1-1 01 


f^ CM OC CO Ci 

77 CO CO 


O O co F^ f* 

t^ oc c: r 


CM OC Ct ~ it 

Ci X CO O 
(M CM C7 >t 


O CO i 1 t*^ CM 

co - x X r; 


ooooo 


c ^ ~> o o 


ooooo 


o o o - - 


o o r 


c c r c r 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


ooooo 


O it O O O 


2 12 S 


o o c .t r 

CO CO T -t O 


>t _r .- - -t 


ooooo 
x x r; cs c 


t r - 

r 71 71 















128 



GASES. 





O 
H 


COCO-fCliO O CO rH f^ <M CO CO Ol ~f O iO rH CD Ol r- CO CO "* Cl iO 

X CO Ci -f O CD i i 1-- Ol X CO Cl -t4 C 1 CD r- 4 l^- fM CO CO Cl t 1 O iO > 4 

a co o co <M r-i ci co co o co <M o ci co co 10 co 01 o ci t-^ CD o co 01 
2 o -H 01 Co -t -t 10 co t>- oo ci O O i 01 co -* 10 co co r co ci o f i 
a c; ci ci ci cs ei ci c: ci ci ci o o o o o O o O O ooot-n-^ 



















rH CO iO Ol Ol CO CO O t~ -i 1 V iO M Ci CO CO O l- -f rH CO O Ol Cl 
a CO CO rH Cl CO -f4 CM O t~ >O CO G CO CO -CO rH Ol ^- -* Ol Ol- OCOO 
2 4 01 CO CO ^f iO CO l>- t>- CO Ci O O -H <M CO CO -* O CO t-- I- X Cl O 
M CO QO CO OQ CO COOOCOOOCO COClClCiCl Cl Ci Cl Ci Cl ClClCi~O 






o dddd ddddd o dddd ddddd ddddr-t 






!> i ( CO O -t COCOI^OJCO rHiOOrfCO (M ^ i ( CO O OCi"*COO-1 
r^ CO *-H O CO CO iO CO O^l O Ci t>- CO Tf TM rH Ci X CO >O CO * O X t"~ 




0) 


2 (M CO CO -^ O IO CO 1**- X CO Ci O O r-t O) CM CO ~t 1< O CO O t^ 00 CO 

n t t t> t< t<. o. t^ i- i^ t^. i^ x co x co x x cc x x co co co oc x 






ddddd ddddd ddddd do odd ddddd 




N 


l>- i^. l>. t>. |>. l>. i^. 1^. CO CO CO CO CO CO CD CO CD O O O iO O <O O O 

a-^fOCOO-lX -TfOCOOlX fOCOfNX -rhOCOG^CO Tf O CO C< OC 
- TO -f "H O O CO r^ 1- X GO Cl O O r-< rH <N CO CO -^ -f O CO CO 1- 1- 
(3 CO CD CO CD CO CD CO CO CO CO CO t^- ^- t>- t> t> I~- l 1^. l>- t>- t- t-- 1 - . - 






dodod ddddd ddddd do dod o dddd 







^^t^-OCO COOCO^ > O CO^-OCOCO OICOCDOCO CDOCOCOCi 
. T-* O-1 CO O CO t- Ci O r- CO -t O l~ CO 05 O 0-1 CO iO CO !> Ci O r-4 -M 
a -^f Ci -^ Cl -^ Ci -^ O O O O O >O O iO r- 1 CO i I CO rH CO r-i I-- Ol I-- 
g^-^i^^^Q COI^-XXCI Ci O O 4 rH (MOlCOCO tl -T+4OOCOCC 
H iO O IO O IO O >O >O IO >O 10 CO CO CO CO CO CC CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 


1 




ddddd ddddd ddddd dddo d doddd 


V 











. "t CO Cl 01 O X O CO CO Cl I -fl 1^ G CO >O X r-i -t* CO Ci Ol iO X O 
| O O CO CO t- t^ T- X X Ci Cl O O O rH rH CM CM CO CO CO ^t -f i - "0 






ddddd ddddd do odd do odd dddo d 




* 


f CO X O O-l f CO Cl rH 00 CO X O Ol -f CO X i CO iO CO O ">! -T " 
f~ _ o O -J< X (M CO rH O Cl CO X 01 CO O -f Cl CO l rH CC I 
eO-lCDClCOCO CICOCOOCO COOCOI^O tit~-O-^1il- ^^ -t 4 X < i -f 
2 CO CO CO t- 1- I- CO -X Cl Ci Cl O O O r- 1 rH r-i Cl <M O4 CO CO CO ^ -f 






do odd ddddd ddo o d o dddd ddddd 










n 


O CO rH t^ CO CO -^ O O rH t- <M CO -r C5 >O r^ CO 0-1 X CO Cl iO O CO 

a 01 -t t>- ci oa t i^ o o-i o i- o <M o i- o co 10 x o co 10 x --. co 

gt^t^t^l-X XQOCiClCl C1OOOO ,-,,-4,-HrHOl 01 01 01 01 CO 
COIOIO-IOICM (NOlOlOJOa OICOCOCO CO COCOCOCOCO COCOCOCOCO 






dddo d ddddd do" odd do odd ddddo" 







CO O 1- O <M CICOCOOI^ -fi-HCiCOCO OI-^-prHX OCOOI--? 
CrHCO tCDX ClrHCOOCO XO^HCO O I-XOO1CO >OI-CiOO-l 






dddo d ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd 










H 


CD o co OJ rH ci x co o co - -~ -" oi r r. i - -~ o co OJ 

a O rH Ol CO -14 Tf iO CO 1- X Cl ~ Ol C? O CO CO 1- X Cl O -H 

= Ci- Cl Cl Cl 01 C1C1C1C1C1 CiOOOO OOOOO OOO-^-H 






ddodd ddddd ddddd ddddd dddo d 


Millime- 


i 


O iO O iO O iO O i^*> O iO O iO O iO O iO O iO O iO O kO O O O 
CQ 07, _p _*, , 10 CO CO t-- 1^ QO X Cl Ci O O -H rH Ol O-l CO CO -f -t O 
3 5 S S lOOlOOO lOOOOCO CDCDCOCOCO COCOCOCOCO 



GASES. 129 



C".r-^r-71 OOCOOS^O O -* CO 74 t~ CO X -? OS LO O CD i-H ^ CM 00 CO O: -* C 

74 OO CO OS T*< O O I t- 74 X CO O5 -rf< O O "-< CO 74 CO CO O5 -t O O CO CM 00 

ro -H O 



o 01 t^ ;r to 7i o os r- cr> -t co i o c; t^ ID -f co ^ooct^o ^ ex 

. " . -A ^1, rt r-i r-H i I 71 7-1 71 71 7 (74 74 CN 74 CM CM CO CO CO CO CC TO TO TO TO 



tt TO r; rs co c^ r; co ?0 co co co ?o -M <N n rj "M o <M -M <M ci c^ (N (N -N <M 

O CO O I- ^ -i 00 O <M C5 O 10 O I- "tf f-> OC O <N O CT CO C I -- - X -~ "M 

/: vr -- ri i -- -M O r- 10 r7 T o -r- r-. i- -- -M c x *: rj ->:--- 

-M r~ co o --r i- i- oc r-. r ~ -H -N to ^o -r i-t ic i- i- x ri o o 

o o o r- - c o o o o o ~ r^ ^, ^_ ^ ^ ^, ^ ^- ~ ~ ~* <M -M 



71 



-^OO^ O^OOC MtO O>OC1 *CO COt^ TlOO ^*CiTOOOC<l t>- r- 1 CD O -^ 

-^ (N r-i cs i^^D-<^eo^-( O OO CO O eo (Noost^o -^(MI-HCJOO ccir:co(MO 

Or-lr-i(M COIO-tiOlO COr^t^-XC5 C5 O ^71 CO-rftOtO CO t 00 flO 

00 OS O5 OS O> C5C5C5C5CS CiCiC: n C5OOOO OOOOO OOOOO 

ooodd ddddd ddcJdd dr-5^^^ ^^^^,4 ^,4^^^ 



OS OS O O i-* 74 74 CO CO Tf O O CC CD I^OOOOCiOS O < -i 7M 74 CO -" O O 

t>- t>. oc 00 oq oo oo co 00 cc co x oo co oooqoooooo ososcscicrs 05 o: c; - : r-. 
o dodo dodo d ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd 



ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd do odd 



COCOOSi-H-f t--O<NOOO i i -t CD C5 74 OOOOCOCO Ci 
t > * GO X OS OS OS O O ^* I-H 71 CM CM CO CO ^ ^* O 



co O 3 CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO;CO5CO CO 5 CO CO CO 



o odd oo ddd ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd 



t^- 074-^COOO OCMOt^OS CM^CCXO CMtt>-OS^H COLlt>-O574 



X <-< O X -< LOX74OOS 7-1 OO: 7-1 CO CSCOCDO59Q CO~tO 

O O O CD CD CD t^* t*- t^- OO CIO X O5 OS O5 O O O *^ * 74 74 CM CO CO CO ^ ^ ^* 

o dodo ddddd ddddd o dddd ddddd ddddd 



CO CO **"t* ** "" ~* "^ O ^O iO CC ^C" "-T " i " t^ t>* t^- 00 GO GO O^ C5 C5 Ci O O O O <~^ 
C^7 ?C ^T 1 CC ?T CC C^t CO CO CO CO CO CC C7 TO CC CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO ^f Tf 

o dodo do odd ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd 



00>O<7 V 1C5 t--Tfii-HXiO O) C5 CO CO > I OOO<MO5CO COOt^-O(7J OSCDCOOt^- 

o t os o (M teot^os i~i<MTj<<^ao os^ico-^co oo O i to o trxoc^co 

<M<M<M(NCO COtOCOtOtO <*-rJ<Tf^t t fiOO OO lOCCCOCDCO COOt^f^r^ 

<N (>1 <M 71 <M 71 7J 71 71 CN 71 71 7^ 74 <?J S^J <71 OJ (71 (71 71 71 (71 71 (N 71 71 71 71 

dddd do odd ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd 



Ir t- x x 05 o 71 to .o cr t- x - r f 71 TO ~ o cr cr 



OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO OOOOO 0000 



lOOLioio o>oo>oo LOO>OO>O 
i.o~^rt-t^ ocxricrso O-| -H<M<M 
cococococo co;ocococ~ t>-t>.i>.t^i>. 



130 



GASES. 



O I-H CO CM I-- COCO"fOS>O O CO I-H t^ CM COCOOS^O IO -H CO CM b- 

. CO O5 -* O >O i I CO CM l>- CO OS -rf O >O i-H CO CM <^- CO CS -f O iO I-H O 

O 3 "~ *O -f CO i-H O CO I- iO Tj< CM I-H O CO l~~ O T* 71 -! OS 00 1^ iO T}* M 

g l^ CO 05 O I-H CM CM CO Tt< O CO t^ 00 CO OS O I-H CM CO CO * >O CO ^ SO 

OC^OI^^H ^H co 10 CM os 1 ~ T ~ orC 1 ~ l "- 1 ^ j- 1 -* , ,-1 -H -H o 

C3 OS l>- tO CM d GO *O CO i < OO CO ^ 71 OS t^ *O CM O CO *O CO i * O5 CO "*f 

"cO fiOCOt^ I^GCOiOO I-H <M CO CO -^ IO CO 1^ t- CO -OSOO^-lT-J 

CMCMCMCMfM CMCMCMCOCO COCOCOCOCO COCOCOCOCO CO^fTtTTiTj" 

OOCO^-CMCO rHOO tlOO CM t^ i i CO O OOS-fCOT-1 COi-H>OO^f 

i^HOOOT-lOS CO7-10SCOCO Ol^^fOt^ -^i-HCOOi-H OOlOCMOSCO 

lOOi-HCMCM CO^^OCO t--t^.GOOSOS O i I I-H 7-1 CO 

i-H i-H i-H i-H T-H i-H T-H i-H i-H rH rH i-H T-H i-H i-H CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 

OOOOO OOOOOS O505O5OSOS OSOSOSCOGO 

OSOO^H-I (MCOCO-^-t lOiOCOt^t^ COOOOSOO 

OSOS050SOS Cioppp ppppp ppopp ppp^iT-, 

Odddd O- .-Hl-Hr- rH^rHi-H^H ^r-JrHr^^H ^4 r4 ^H 1-" r4 

" GO QO OO QO GO 00 GO OO 00 GO 00 GO 3C 00 CO CTi C"> O^ Ci Ci O C^ Ci ^ C^ 

ooooo o oooo ooooo oooo o oooc>o 

. CO C^ C^J iO t^ O> CO CO Ci ^H "^ 1^* O C^l O OO ^H CO CO C> ^ iO f^- O CO 

doo dd ddddd ddo oo do odd ddddd 

^COOSi-iCO COOOOCMr}< COOOi-iCO>O OOOCM-flCO OCOCO 

. OS CO t CM CO O"^O5COI>. i-HlOOT^CO (M 1^ 1-1 O OS COOOCMCOO 

gO t i r~- -H-^i oOr-i-rfiCOi-H lOCOCMiOGO (MiOOSCO>O OSCMCOOSCO 

Sio>o>o^>co coi^i^i^ao QCX)C5Osos o o o - 1-1 I-HCMCMCMCO 

O >O O >O >O IO >O O *O O iO >O >O iO >O CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 

dddo d ddddd ddo o d o ddoo* ddddd 

^H t> TJ< I-H t -f Ot^-COO t^ -fOf^^f Ot^-COOt^ fO^-T^O 

.CMt^cOCTSTf OCOi-it^cO CO^OiO-^ t^CMGO-TOS lOi-iCOCMOO 

w gcoiocooco cpoOi-Hcoco GO 1-1 -^ co os i-i-rcoos^H -^t^ 

ddddd ooooo ooooo ooooo ooooo 

N f-t>-t>.COCO OOCOCOCOOS 05050SOSOS OOOOO OI-HI-I-HI-H 

flCMCMCM(M(M CMCM71CMCM CM71CMCMCM COCOCOCOCO COCOCOCOCO 

ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd ddddd 

COOS-ffOO -HCDCMI^CO O5^O>OT-( COCMt^COOS "*OOi-ICO 

t^ iO rf CO I-H O X >- O -f 71 -H O CO O -f 7-1 r-i OS OO 1^ O ti CM 

ddddd ddddd ddddd ooooo ooooo 

iOOOO>O OiOOiOO OOiOOO OiOOOO iOOOO 

O *" < i" * 71 71 CO C7. -^ -*^ >O IO CO CO f~- ^ >1 OO 00 OS OS O O I-H I-H 71 CM 

oocoQOGOco ocoooocooo ooooooocoo ooooaoooos crsososcso 

a 



GASES. 131 



.-. ci x co o t ci <-i c: x co ": ic cj 

O O O i* C*4 CO "^ O *O to l^- X Ci O "H 

-O JO CO CO CO CO O CO CO CO CO CO l^ t- 



00000 00000 00000 
~- x ITS <M Ci eo co o t^ -* ^-x^^iri 

-1- :- <- -o t^ t x cs o o 1-1 e^ oo ec 



- <M CO O 
C5XCOOCO <MOXt~-iO rffM^-dX 

O^C^fMIO -rJ<^L.~O->0 



X X X X 



7 O O O O O O O O i CC to 
r. r" 5. r: C5 Cr c; c: c: O O O O C O 

ddddd o dddi-H ^H^^;,-;^-; 



X t O <M C X r-i ^ " ~ "M O 

~ r. ~ C < i (M OJ ?J CO COTf^iOO 

t>- r* x X X X X X X X X X X X X 

ddo dd ddddd ddddd 



Ji CC 1^- *-* CO O Tt* QC OJ t^* ^^ O O^ ^ 

-^ -^ ^^ ^Q ^ ^i Q^ i^ ^ ^ ^ ^j r, -^ 

ddddd ddddd ddddd 



~. "M O t- O M -*; ^- O "t O X O ^5 

t^t^XXX C5C^C5CT5O O O O ~H 

-r -r 1 ^ ^ ! ^f o -t ~ >~ o o 

o dodo ddddd ddddd 



^ < N GO C^ O 1 ^^ ^\ ?O ^ *^ ^" - f 
X ci ^ n o to 00 O -l 03 ^ X Ti 

ddddd do odd do odd 



- r! r ?"i :: - - -.r t- x" H o 

. - i~ -r vr -_r --r tr -r -o vr -r -_r - - <~ 

ddddo" do odd ddddd 



132 



GASES. 



TABLE 



FOR THE REDUCTION OF THE BAROMETRICAL COLUMN, MEASURED 
BY A BRASS SCALE EXTENDING FROM THE CISTERN TO THE 
TOP, TO CENTIGRADE. 

M. T. DELCKOS. (Guyot s Tables.) 



ITripht 

of the 


Degrees, Centigrade. 


Barome 




















ter. 


1 


a 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


mm. 
665 


mm. 
0.1073 


mm. 
0.2146 


mm. 
0.3220 


0.4293 


mm. 
0.537 


mm. 

0.644 


mm. 
0.751 


mm. 

0.859 


mm. 

0.966 


670 


0.1081 


0.2163 


0.3244 


0.4326 


0.541 


0.649 


0.757 


0.865 


0.973 


675 


0.1089 


0.2179 


0.3268 


0.4358 


0.545 


0.654 


0.763 


0.871 


0.980 


680 


0.1097 


0.2195 


0.3292 


0.4390 


0.549 


0.658 


0.768 


0.878 


0.988 


685 


0.1106 


0.2211 


0.3317 


0.4423 


0.553 


0.663 


0.774 


0.884 


0.995 


690 


0.1114 


0.2227 


0.3341 


0.4455 


0.557 


0.668 


0.780 


0.891 


1.002 


695 


0.1122 


0.2243 


0.3365 


0.4487 


0.561 


0.673 


0.785 


0.897 


1.010 


700 


0.1130 


0.2260 


0.3389 


0.4520 


0.565 


0.678 


0.791 


0.904 


1.017 


705 


0.1138 


0.2276 


0.3414 


0.4552 


0.569 


0.683 


0.797 


0.910 


1.024 


710 


0.1146 


0.2292 


0.3438 


0.4584 


0.573 


0.688 


0.802 


0.917 


1.031 


715 


0.1154 


0.2308 


0.3462 


0.4616 


0.577 


0.691 


0.808 


0.923 


1.039 


720 


0.1162 


0.2324 


0.3486 


0.4648 


0.581 


0.697 


0.813 


0.930 


1.046 


725 


0.1170 


0.2340 


0.3510 


0.4680 


0.585 


0.702 0.819 


0.936 


1.053 


780 


0.1178 


0.2356 


0.3535 


0.4713 


0.589 


0.707! 0.825 


0.943 


1.060 


7i 3 5 


0.1186 


0.2372 


0.3559 


0.4745 


0.593 


0.712 0.830 


0.949 


1.068 


7H> 


0.1194 


0.2389 


0.3683 


0.4777 


0.597 


0.717 0.836 


0.955 


1.075 


745 


0.1202 


0.2405 


0.3607 


0.4809 


0.601 


0.721J 0.842 


0.962 


1.082 


7.30 


0.1210 


0.2421 


0.3631 


0.4842 


0.605 


0.726! 0.847 


0.968 


1.089 


755 


0.1218 


0.2437 


0.3655 


0.4874 


0.609 


0.731 


0.853 


0.975 


1.097 


7GO 


0.1227 


0.2453 


0.3680 


0.4906 


0.613 


0.736 


0.859 


0.981 


1.104 


rea 


0.1235 


0.2469 


0.3704 


0.4939 


0.617 


0.741 0.864 


0.988 


1.111 


770 


0.1243 


0.2486 


0.3728 


0.4971 


0.621 


0.746 0.870 


0.994 


1.118 


775 


0.1251 


0.2502 


0.3752 


0.5003 


0.625 


0.750 0.876 


.001 


1.126 


780 


0.1259 


0.2.-) is 


0.3777 


0.5036 


0.62!) 0.755 0.881 


.007 


1.133 


785 


0.1267 


0.2534 


0.3801 


0.5068 


0.633 <.7i!0 0.888 


.014 


1.140 


790 


0.1275 


0.2550 


0.3825 


0.5100 


0.637! 0.765 0.893 


.020 


1.148 


795 


0.1283 


0.2566 


0.3849 


0.5132 


0.641 


0.770 0.898 


.026 


1.155 


800 


0.1291 


0.2582 0.3874 


0.5165 


0.646 


0.775 0.904 .(>:{:i 


1.162 


805 


0.1299 


0.2598 0.3898 


0.5197 


0.650 0.780 0.909 .039 


1.169 



GASES. 



133 



TABLE 

FOR THE REDUCTION OF WATER PRESSURE TO MERCURY 
PRESSURE. 



BUNSEN. Gasometrische Methoden. 



Water 
Pressure. 


Mercury 
Pressure. 


Water 
Pressure. 


Mercury 
Pressure. 


Water 
Pressure. 


Mercury 
Pressure. 


Water 
Pressure. 


Mercury 
Pressure. 


nun. 
1 


mm. 
0.07 


mm. 
29 


mm. 
2.14 


mm. 
56 


mm. 
4.13 


mm. 
83 


mil). 

6.13 


2 


0.15 


30 


2.21 


57 


4.21 


84 


6.20 


3 


0.22 


31 


2.29 


58 


4.28 


85 


6.27 


4 


0.30 


32 


2.36 


59 


4.35 


86 


6.35 


5 


0.37 


33 


2.44 


60 


4.43 


87 


6.42 


6 


0.44 


34 


2.51 


61 


4.50 


88 


6.49 


7 


0.52 


35 


2.58 


62 


4.58 


89 


6.57 


8 


0.59 


36 


2.66 


63 


4.65 


90 


6.64 


9 


0.66 


37 


.2.73 


64 


4.72 


91 


6.72 


10 


0.74 


38 


2.80 


65 


4.80 


92 


6.79 


11 


0.81 


39 


2.88 


66 


4.87 


93 


6.86 


1-2 


0.89 


40 


2.95 


67 


4.94 


94 


6.94 


13 


0.96 


41 


3.03 


68 


5.02 


95 


7.01 


14 


.03 


42 


3.10 


69 


5.09 


96 


7.08 


15 


.12 


43 


3.17 


70 


5.17 


97 


7.16 


16 


.18 


44 


3.25 


71 


5.24 


98 


7.23 


17 


.26 


45 


3.32 


72 


5.31 


99 


7.31 


18 


.33 


46 


3.39 


73 


5.39 


100 


7.38 


19 


.40 


47 


3.47 


74 


5.46 


200 


14.76 


20 


.48 


48 


3.54 


75 


5.54 


300 


22.14 


21 


.55 


49 


3.62 


76 


5.61 


400 


29.52 


22 


.62 


50 


3.69 


77 


5.68 


500 


36.90 


23 


.70 


51 


3.76 


78 


5.76 


600 


44.28 


24 


.77 


52 


3.84 


79 


5.83 


700 


51.66 


25 


.84 


53 


3.91 


80 


5.90 


800 


59.04 


26 


.92 


54 


.3.99 


81 


5.98 


900 


66.42 


27 


.98 


55 


4.06 


82 


6.05 


1000 


73.80 


28 


2.07 















134 



GASES. 



CORRECTION FOR THE DEPRESSION OF THE BARO- 

M. T. DELCROS. 



lladius of 
the tube in 
Millimetres. 


Height of the Meniscus in Millimetres. 


1 


0.3 


0.3 


0.4 


0.5 


0.6 


0.7 


0.8 


0.9 


1.0 


1.268 


2.460 


3.516 


4.396 


5.085 










1.2 


0.876 


1.715 


2.484 


3.162 


3.728 


4.190 








1.4 


0.638 


1.256 


1.836 


2.363 


2.825 


3.218 


3.542 






1.6 


0.484 


0.955 


1.404 


1.820 


2.196 


2.528 


2.812 


3.050 




1.8 


0.378 


0.747 


1.103 


1.437 


1.746 


2.024 


2.270 


2483 


2.662 


2.0 


0.302 


0.598 


0.885 


1.158 


1.413 


1.648 


1.859 


2.046 


2.209 


2.2 


0.245 


0.487 


0.723 


0.948 


1.161 


1.360 


1.541 


1.705 


1.851 


2.4 


0.203 


0.403 


0.599 


0.787 


0.966 


1.135 


1.292 


1.436 


1.565 


2.6 


0.170 


0.337 


0.502 


0.661 


0.813 


0.958 


1.093 


1.218 


1.332 


2.8 


0.143 


0.285 


0.425 


0.560 


0.691 


0.815 


0.932 


1.041 


1.142 


3.0 


0.122 


0.243 


0.362 


0.478 


0.591 


0.698 


0.800 


0.896 


0.985 


3.2 


0.105 


0.209 


0.312 


0.412 


0.509 


0.602 


0.691 


0.776 


0.855 


3.4 


0.091 


0.181 


0.269 


0.356 


0.441 


0.523 


0.601 


0.675 


0.745 


3.6 


0.079 


0.157 


0.2, M 


0.310 


0.384 


0.455 


O..V_H 0.590 


0.652 


3.8 


0.069 


0137 


0.205 


0.271 


0.336 


0.399 


0.459 


0.517 


0.572 


4.0 


0.060 


0.120 


0.180 


0.238 


0.295 


0.350 


0.404 


0.455 


0.504 


4.2 


0.053 


0.106 


0.158 


0.210 


0.260 


0.309 


0.356 


0.402 


0.446 


4.4 


0.047 


0.094 


0.140 


0.185 


0.230 


0.2*3 


0.315 


0.356 


0.395 


4.6 


0.042 


0.083 


0.124 


0.164 


0.204 


0.242 


0.280 


0316 


0.351 


4.8 


0.037 


0.074 


0.110 


0.146 


0.181 


0.215 


0.249 


0.281 


0.312 


5.0 


0.033 


0.065 


0.098 


0.130 


0.161 


0.192 


0.221 


0.250 


0.278 


5.2 


0.029 


0.058 


0.087 


0.116 


0.144 


0.171 


0.198 


0.224 


0.248 


5.4 


0.026 


0.052 


0.078 


0.103 


0.128 


0.153 


0.177 


0.200 


0.222 


5.6 


0.023 


0.047 


0.070 


0.092 


0.115 


0.137 


0.158 


0.179 


0.199 


5.8 


0.021 


0.042 


0.062 


0.083 


0.103 


0.122 


0.142 


0.160 


0.178 


6.0 


0.019 


0.037 


0.056 


0.074 


0.092 


0.110 


<.!_> 7 


0.144 


0.160 


6.2 


0.017 


0.034 


0.050 


0.067 


0.083 


0.099 


0.114 


0.129 


0.144 


6.4 


0.015 


0.030 


0.045 


0.060 


0.074 


0.089 


0.103 


0.116 


0.130 


6.6 


0.014 


0.027 


(M)ll 


o.o.Vl 


0.067 


0.080 


0.093 


0.105 


0.117 


6.8 


0.012 


0.024 


0.037 


0.049 


0.061 


0.072 


0.084 


0.095 


0.105 


7.0 


0.011 


0.022 


0.033 


0.044 


0.055 


0.065 


0.075 


0.085 


0.095 



GASES. 



135 



METRICAL COLUMN DUE TO CAPILLARY ACTION. 

{Guyot s Tables.) 



Radius of 

tlir tube in 
Millimetres. 


Height of the Meniscus in Millimetres. 


1.0 


1.1 


1.3 


1.3 


i.l 


1.5 


l.G 


1.7 


1.8 


1.0 




















1.2 




















1.4 




















1.6 




















1.8 




















2.0 


2.348 


















2. -2 


1.978 


2.087 
















2.4 


1.680 


1.780 


1.866 














2.6 


1.436 


1.528 


1.608 


1.676 












2.8 


1.235 


1.318 


1.392 


1.456 


1.511 










3.0 


1.068 


1.14;} 


1.210 


1.270 1.322 


1.368 








3.2 


0.928 


0.995 


1.057 


1.112 


1.161 


1.203 


1.238 






3.4 


0.810 


0.871 


0.926 


0.976 


1.021 


1.061 


1.095 






3.6 


0.710 


0.764 


0.814 


0.860 


0.901 


0.938 


0.970 






3.8 


0.624 


0.673 


718 


760 


0.79? 


0.831 


0.861 


0.887 




4.0 


0.551 


0.594 


0.635 


0.673 


0.707 


0.788 


0.766 


0.790 




4.2 


0.487 


0.526 


0.563 


0.597 


0.628 


0.657 


0.682 


0.705 




4.4 


0.432 


0467 


0.500 


0.531 


0.559 


0.585 


0.609 


0630 




4.6 


0.384 


0.416 


0.445 


0.473 


0.499 


0.522 


0.544 


0.563 




4.8 


0.342 


0.370 


0.397 


0.422 


0.445 


0.467 


0.486 


0.504 




5.0 


0.305 


0.330 


0.354 


0.377 


0.398 


0.418 


0.436 


0.452 




5.2 


n.272 


0.295 


0.317 


0.337 


0.356 


0.374 


0.390 


0.405 


0.418 


5.4 


0.244 


0.264 


0284 


0.302 


0.319 


0.336 


0.350 


0.364 


0.376 


5.6 


0.218 


0.237 


0.255 


0.271 


0.287 


0.301 


0.315 


0.327 


0.338 


5.8 


0.196 


0.213 


0.228 


0243 


0.257 


0.271 0.283 


0.294 


0.304 


6.0 


0.176 


0.191 


0.2 : 


0.219 


0.231 


0243 0.254 


0.264 


0.273 


6.2 


0.158 


0.172 


0.185 


0.197 


0.208 


0-Jlii 0.22!) 


0.238 




6.4 


0.142 


0.154 


0.166 


0.177 


0187 


0.197 0.206 


0.214 


0.221 


6.6 


0.128 


0139 


0.150 


0.160 


0.169 


0178 0.186 


0.193 


0.200 


6.8 


0.116 


0.126 


0.135 


0.144 


0.153 


0.160 0.16S 0.174 


0.180 


7.0 


0.105 


0.114 


0.122 


0.130 


0.138 


0.145 0.152 0.158 


0.163 



136 



GASES. 



TABLE 



OF THE COEFFICIENTS OF ABSORPTION OF VARIOUS GASES. 



BUNSEN. Gasometrischer Tafeln. 



Oft 


Nitrogen. 


Hydrogen. 


Oxygen. 


In Water. 


-In Alcohol. 


In Water. 


In Alcohol. 


In Water. 


In Alcohol. 





0.02035 


0.12634 


0.01930 


0.06925 


0.04114 


0.28397 


1 


0.01981 


0.12593 


0.01930 


0.06910 


0.04007 


0.28397 


2 


0.01932 


0.12553 


0.01930 


0.06896 


0.03907 


0.28397 


3 


0.01884 


0.12514 


0.01930 


0.06881 


0.03810 


0.28397 


4 


0.01838 


0.12476 


0.01930 


0.06867 


0.03717 


0.28397 


5 


0.01794 


0.12440 


0.01930 


0.06853 


0.03628 


0.28397 


6 


0.01752 


0.12405 


0.01930 


0.06839 


0.03544 


0.28397 


7 


0.01713 


0.12371 


0.01930 


0.06826 


0.03465 


0.28397 


8 


0.01675 


0.12338 


0.01930 


0.06813 


0.03389 


0.28397 


9 


0.01640 


0.12306 


0.01930 


0.06799 


0.03317 


028397 


10 


0.01607 


0.12276 


0.01930 


0.06786 


0.032.50 


0.28397 


11 


0.01577 


0.12247 


0.01930 


0.06774 


0.03189 


0.28397 


12 


0.01549 


0.12219 


0.01930 


0.06761 


0.03133 


0.28397 


13 


0.01523 i 0.12192 


0.01930 


0.06749 


0.03082 


0.28397 


14 


0.01500 


0.12166 


0.01930 


0.06737 


0.03034 


0.28397 


15 


0.01478 


0.12142 


0.01930 


0.06725 


0.02989 


0.28397 


16 


0.01458 


0.12119 


0.01930 


0.06713 


0.02949 


0.28397 


17 


0.01441 


0.12097 


0.01930 


0.06701 


0.02914 


0.28397 


18 


0.01426 


0.12076 


0.01930 


0.06690 


0.02884 


28397 


19 


0.01419 


0.12056 


0.01930 


0.0(5679 


0.02858 


0.28397 


20 


0.01403 


0.12038 


0.01930 


0.06668 


002838 


0.28397 


21 




0.12021 


0.01930 


0.06657 






22 




0.12005 


001930 


0.06646 






23 




0.11990 


0.01930 


06636 






24 




0.11976 


0.01930 


0.06626 







GASES. 



137 



C. 


Carbonic Acid. 


Carbonic Oxide. 


Protoxide of Nitrogen. 


Deutoxide 
of Nitrogen 
in Alcohol. 


In Water. 


In Alcohol. 


In Water. 


In Alcohol. 


In Water. 


In Alcohol 





.7967 


4.3295 


0.03287 


0.20443 


1.3052 


4.1780 


0.31606 


i 


.7207 


4.2368 


0.03207 


0.20443 


1.2605 


4.1088 


0.31262 


2 


.6481 


4.1466 


0.03131 


0.20443 


1.2172 


4.0409 


0.30928 


3 


.5787 


4.0589 


0.03057 


0.20443 


1.1752 


3.9741 


0.30604 


4 


.5126 


3.9736 


0.02987 


0.20443 


1.1346 


3.9085 


0.30290 


5 


.4497 


3.8908 


0.02920 


0.20443 


1.0954 


3.8442 


0.29985 


6 


.3901 


3.8105 


0.02857 


0.20443 


1.0575 


3.7811 


0.29690 


7 


.3339 


3.7327 


0.02796 


0.20443 


1.0210 


3.7192 


0.29405 


8 


.2809 


3.6573 


0.02739 


0.20443 


0.9858 


3.6585 


0.29130 


9 


.2311 


3.5844 


0.02686 


0.20443 


0.9520 


3.5990 


0.28865 


10 


.1847 


3.5140 


0.02635 0.20443 


0.9196 


3.5408 


0.28609 


11 


1.1416 


3.4461 


0.02588 0.20443 


0.8885 


3.4838 


0.28363 


12 


1.1018 


3.3807 


0.02544 0.20443 


0.8588 


3.4279 


0.28127 


13 


1.0653 


3.3178 


0.02504 0.20443 


0.8304 


3.3734 


0.27901 


It 


1.0321 


3.2573 


0.02466 0.20443 


0.8034 


3.3200 


0.27685 


15 


1.0020 


3.1993 


0.02432 : 0.20443 


0.7778 


3.2678 


0.27478 


16 


0.9753 


3.1438 


0.02402 


0.20443 


0.7535 


3.2169 


0.27281 


17 


0.9519 


3.0908 


0.02374 


0.20443 


0.7306 


3.1672 


0.27094 


18 


0.9318 


3.0402 


0.02350 


0.20443 


0.7090 


3.1187 


0.26917 


19 


0.9150 


2.9921 


0.02329 


0.20443 


0.6888 


3.0714 


0.26750 


20 


0.9014 


2.9465 


0.02312 


0-20443 


0.6700 


3.0253 


0.26592 


21 




2.9034 






0.6525 


2.9805 


0.26444 


22 




2.8628 






0.6364 


2.9368 


0-26306 


23 




2.8247 






0.6216 


2.8944 


0.26178 


24 




2.7890 






0.6082 


2.8532 


0.26060 



138 



GASES. 



CO. 


Marsh Gas. 


Olefiant Gas. 


Ethyl in 
Water. 


Methyl In 
Water. 


In Water. 


In Alcohol. 


In Water. 


In Alcohol. 





0.05449 


0.52259 


0.2563 


3.5950 


0.03147 


0.0871 


1 


0.05332 


0.51973 


0.2473 


3.5379 


0.03040 


0.0838 


2 


0.05217 


0.51691~ 


0.2388 


3.4823 


0.02947 


0.0807 


3 


0.05104 


0.51412 


0.2306 


3.4280 


0.02856 


0.0777 


4 


0.04993 


0.51135 


0.2227 


3.3750 


0.02770 


0.0748 


5 


0.04885 


0.50861 


0.2153 


3.3234 


0.02689 


0.0720 


6 


0.04778 


0.50590 


0.2082 


3.2732 


0.02613 


0.0693 


7 


0.04674 


0.50322 


0.2018 


3.2243 


0.02541 


0.0668 


8 


0.04571 


0.50057 


0.1952 


3.1768 


0.02474 


0.0644 


9 


0.04470 


0.49795 


0.1893 


3.1307 


0.02412 


0.0621 


10 


0.04372 


0.49535 


0.1837 


3.0859 


0.02355 


0.0599 


11 


0.04275 


0.49278 


0.1786 


3.0425 


0.02303 


0.0578 


12 


0.04180 


0.49024 


0.1737 


3.0005 


0.02257 


0.0559 


13 


0.04088 


0.48773 


0.1693 


2.9598 


0.02216 


0.0541 


14 


0.03997 


0.48525 


0.1652 


2.9205 


0.02179 


0.0524 


15 


0.03909 


0.48280 


0.1615 


2.8825 


0.02147 


0.0508 


16 


0.03823 


0.48037 


0.1583 


2.8459 


0.02121 


0.0493 


17 


0.03739 


0.47798 


0.1553 


2.8107 


0.02100 


0.0480 


18 


0.03657 


0.47561 


0.1528 


2.7768 


0.02084 


0.0468 


19 


0.03577 


0.47327 


0.1506 


2.7443 


0.02073 


0.0457 


20 


0.03499 


0.47096 


0.1488 


2.7131 


0.02065 


0.0447 


21 




0.46867 




2.6833 






22 




0.46642 




2.6549 






23 




0.46419 




2.6279 






24 




0.46199 




2.6022 







GASES. 



139 



c. 


Sulphuretted Hydrogen. 


Sulphurous Acid. 


Ammonia 
in Water. 


Atmospheric 
Air in Water. 


In Water 


In Alcohol. 


In Water. 


In Alcohol. 





4.3706 


17.891 


68.861 


328.62 


1049.6 


0.02471 


1 


4.2874 


17.242 


67.003 


311.98 


1020.8 


0.02406 


2 


4.2053 


16.606 


65.169 


295.97 


993.3 


0.02345 


3 


4.1243 


15.983 


63.360 


280.58 


967.0 


0.02287 


4 


4.0442 


15.373 


61.576 


265.81 


941.9 


0.02237 


5 


3.9652 


14.776 


59.816 


241.67 


917.9 


0.02179 


6 


3.8872 


14.193 


58.080 


238.16 


895.0 


0.02128 


7 


3.8103 


13.623 


56.369 


225.25 


873.1 


0.02080 


8 


3.7345 


13.066 


54.683 


212.98 


852.1 


0.02034 


9 


3.6596 


12.523 


53.021 


201.33 


832.0 


0.01992 


10 


3.5858 


11.992 


51.383 


190.31 


812.8 


0.01953 


11 


3.5132 


11.475 


49.770 


179.91 


794.3 


0.01916 


12 


3.4415 


10.971 


48.182 


170.13 


776.6 


0.01882 


13 


3.3708 


10.480 


46.618 


160.98 


759.6 


0.01851 


14 


3.3J012 


10.003 


45.079 


152.45 


743.1 


0.01822 


15 


3.2326 


9.539 


43.564 


144.55 


727.2 


0.01795 


16 


3.1651 


9.088 


42.073 


137.27 


711.8 


0.01771 


17 


3.0986 


8.650 


40.608 


130.61 


696.9 


0.01750 


18 


3.0331 


8.225 


39.165 


124.58 


682.3 


0.01732 


19 


2.9687 


7.814 


37.749 


119.17 


668.0 


0.01717 


20 


2.9053 


7.415 


36.216 


114.48 


654.0 


0.01704 


21 


2.8430 


7.030 


34.986 


110.22 


640.2 




22 


2.7817 


6.659 


33.910 


106.68 


626.5 




23 


2.7215 


6.300 


32-847 


103.77 


613.0 




24 


2.6623 


5.955 


31-800 


101.47 


599.5 





140 



GASES. 



ESTIMATION OF THE WEIGHTS OF 



Name of Gas. 


Formulae. 


1000 cc. 


2000 cc. 


3000 cc. 


Chloride of Acetyl 


C 4 H 4 C1 


Grammes. 
2.79386 


Grammes. 
5.58772 


Grammes. 
8.38158 


Ethyl 


C 4 H 5 


2.59349 


5.18698 


7.78047 


Ammonia 


H 3 N 


0.76271 


1.52542 


2.28813 


Antimony 


Sb 


23.06332 


46.12664 


69.18996 


Antimomuretted Hydrogen 


H 3 Sb 


5.90026 


11.80052 


17.70078 


Arsenic 


As 


13.40892 


26.81784 


40.22676 


Arseniuretted Hydrogen 


H 3 As 


3.48665 


6.97330 


10.45995 


Boron 


B 


1.94876 


3.89752 


5.84628 


Chloride of Boron 


BCL 


5.24735 


10.49470 


15.74205 


Fluoride of Boron 


BF 3 3 


3.06166 


6.12332 


9.18498 


Bromine 


Br 


6.99990 


13.99980 


20.99970 


Hydrobromic Acid 


HBr 


3.54471 


7.08942 


10.63413 


Chlorine 


Cl 


3.17344 


6.34688 


9.52032 


Oxychloride of Carbon 


CC10 


4.42494 


8.84988 


13.27482 


Hydrochloric Acid 


HC1 


1.63153 


3.26306 


4.89459 


Cyanogen 
Chloride of Cyanogen 


C a N 
C^Cl 


2.32930 
2.75137 


4.65860 
5.50274 


6.98790 
8.25411 


Ditetryl 


C 8 H 8 


2.50388 


5.00776 


7.51164 


Elayl 


C 4 H 4 


1.25194 


2.50388 


3.75582 


Fluorine 


Fl 


1.71634 


3.43268 


5.14902 


Hydrofluoric Acid 


HF 


0.90298 


1.80596 


2.70894 


M:trsh gas 


C a H 4 


0.71558 


1.43116 


2.14674 


Iodine 


I 


11.36180 


22.72360 


34.08540 


Hydriodic Acid 


HI 


5.72573 


11.45146 


17.17719 


Silicon 


Si 


3.80814 


7.61628 


11.42442 


Fluoride of Silicon 


SiF, 


4.70206 


9.40412 


14.10618 


Carbon 


C 


1.07272 


2.14544 


3.21816 


Carbonic Oxide 


CO 


1.25150 


2.50300 


3.75450 


Carbonic Acid 


C0 


1.97741 


3.99482 


5.93223 


Methyl 


Pft 


1.34152 


2.68304 


4.02456 


Oxide of Methyl 


C a H,0 


2.056G9 


4.11338 


6.17007 


Chloride of Methyl 


C a H 3 Cl 


2.25749 


4.51498 


6.77247 


Phosphorus 


P 


5.54230 


11.08460 


16.62690 


Phosphuretted Hydrogen 


H 8 P 


1.52000 


3.04000 


4.56000 



GASES. 



141 



GASES FROM THEIR VOLUMES. 



4000 cc. 


5000 cc. 


6000 cc. 


7000 cc. 


8000 cc. 


9000 cc. 


Orfcmmes. 
11.17544 


Grammes. 
13.96930 


Grammes. 
16.76316 


Grammes. 
19.55702 


Grammes. 
22.35088 


Grammes. 
25.14474 


10.37396 


12.96745 


15.56094 


18.15443 


20.74792 


23.34141 


3.05084 


3.81355 


4.57626 


5.33897 


6.10168 


6.86439 


92.25328 


115.31660 


138.37992 161.44324 


184.50656 


207.56992 


23.60104 


29.50130 


35.40156 


41.30182 


47.20208 


53.10234 


53.63568 


67.04460 


80.45352 


93.86244 


107.27136 


120.68028 


13.94660 


17.43325 


20.91990 


24.40650 


27.89320 


31.37985 


7.79504 


9.74380 


11.69256 


13.64132 


15.59008 


17.53884 


20.98940 


26.23675 


31.48410 


36.73145 


41.97880 


47.22615 


12.24664 


15.30830 


18.36996 


21.43162 


24.49328 


27.55494 


27.99960 


34.99950 


41.99940 


48.99930 


55.99920 


62.99910 


14.17884 


17.72355 


21.26826 


24.81297 


28.35768 


31.90239 


12.69376 


15.86720 


19.04064 


22.21408 


25.38752 


28.56096 


17.69976 


22.12470 


26.54964 


30.97458 


35.39952 


39.82446 


6.52612 


8.15765 


9.78918 


11.42071 


13.05221 


14.68377 


9.31720 


11.64650 


13.97580 


16.30510 


18.63440 


20.96370 


11.00548 


13.75685 


16.50822 


19.25959 


22.0lo:i ( ; 


24.76233 


10.01552 


12.51940 


15.02328 


17.52716 


2003104 


22.53492 


5.00776 


6.25970 


7.51164 


8.76356 


10.01 5:. 2 


11.26746 


6.86536 


8.58170 


10.29804 


12.01438 


13.7.,072 


15.44706 


3.61192 


4.51490 


5.41788 


6 32086 


7.22384 


8.12682 


2.86232 


3.57790 


4.29348 


5.00906 


5.72464 


6.44022 


45.44720 


56.80900 


68.17080 


79.53260 


90.89440 


102.25620 


22.90292 


28.62865 


34.35438 


40.08011 


45.80:, M 


51.53157 


15.23256 


19.04070 


22.s 


26.6; 


30.4 (I.-) 12 


34.27326 


18.80824 


23.51030 


28.21236 


32.91442 


37.61648 


42.3 is:, l 


4.29088 


5.36; 


6.43632 


7.50904 


8.58176 


9.65448 


5.00600 


6.25750 


7.50900 


8.76050 


10.01200 


11.26350 


7.98964 


BUM 


1.86476 


13.84 is: 


15.81928 


17.79669 


5.36608 


6.70760 


8.04912 


9.39064 


10.73216 


12.07368 


8.22676 


10.28345 


12.34014 


14.39683 


16.45352 


18.51021 


9.02996 


11.28745 


13.54494 


15.81 


18.05992 


20.31741 


22.16920 


27.71150 


33.25380 


38.79610 


44.33840 


49.8SU70 


6.08000 


7.60000 


9.12000 


10-64000 


12.16000 


13.68000 



142 



GASE9. 



Name of Gas. 


Formulas. 


1000 cc. 


2000 cc. 


8000 cc. 


Oxygen 
Sulphur 


o 

s 


Grammes. 
1.42980 
17.16336 


Grammes. 
2.85960 
34.32672 


Grammes. 
4.28941 
51.49008 


Sulphurous Acid 


S0 2 


2.86056 


5.72112 


8.58168 


Sulphuretted Hydrogen 


HS 


1.51991 


3.03982 


4.55973 


Selenium 


Se 


7.02556 


14.05112 


21.07668 


Selenuretted Hydrogen 


HSe 


3.60239 


7.20478 


10.80717 


Nitrogen 


N 


1.25618 


2.51236 


3.76854 


Deutoxide of Nitrogen 


N0 2 


1.34343 


2.68686 


4.03029 


Protoxide of Nitrogen 


NO 


1.97172 


3.94344 


5.91516 


Tellurium 


Te 


11.53525 


23.07050 


34.60575 


Telluretted Hydrogen 


HTe 


5.85723 


11.71446 


17.57169 


Water Vapor 


HO 


0.80475 


1.60950 


2.41425 


Hydrogen 


H 


0.08958 


0.17916 


0.26874 


Atmospheric Air 




1.29319 


2.58638 


3.87957 



ESTIMATION OF THE VOLUME OF OXYGEN 



Volume of Air. 


100.00. 


200.00. 


300.00. 


Volume of Nitrogen 
Volume of Oxygen 


79.04 
20,96 


158.08 
41.92 


237.12 

62.88 



GASES. 



143 



4000 cc. 


5000 cc. 


6000 cc. 


7000 cc. 


8000 cc. 


9000 cc. 


Grammes. 
1.71921 


Grammes. 
7.14901 


Grammes. 
8.57881 


Grammes. 
10.00861 


Grammes. 
1 1.41 S 12 


Grammes. 
12.86822 


68.65344 


85.81680 


102.98016 


120.14352 


137.30688 


154.47024 


11.44224 


14.30280 


17.16336 


20.02392 


22.88448 


25.74504 


6.07964 


7.59955 


9.11946 


10.63937 


12.15928 


13.67919 


28.10224 


35.12780 


42.15336 


49.17892 


56.20448 


63.23004 


14.40956 


18.01195 


21.61434 


2.-). 21 6 73 


28.81912 


32.42151 


5.02572 


6.28090 


7.53708 


8.79326 


10.04944 


11.30562 


5.37372 


6.71615 


8.06058 


9.40301 


10.74744 


12.09087 


7.88688 


9.85860 


11.83032 


13.80204 


15.77376 


17.74548 


46.14100 


57.67625 


69.21150 


80.74675 


92.28200 


103.81725 


23.42892 


29.28615 


35.14338 


41.00061 


46.85784 


52.71507 


3.21900 


4.02375 


4.82850 


5.63325 


6.43800 


7.24275 


0.35832 


0.44790 


0.53748 


0.62706 


0.71664 


0.80622 


5.17276 


6.46595 


7.75914 


9.05233 


10.34562 


11.63871 



AND NITROGEN IN ATMOSPHERIC AIR, 



40000. 


600.00. 


600.00. 


700.00. 


800.00. 


900.00. 


316.16 
83.84 


395.20 
104.80 


474.24 
125.76 


553.28 
146.72 


632.32 
167.68 


711.36 
188.64 



TABLES 



RELATING TO LIGHT 



FORMULAS. 



IF d represent the density and n the index of refraction of a liquid for 
a given ray of light, the quantity 

n 1 



d 

is found to be constant, and is termed the specific refractive power. The 
relation between the specific refractive power of a mixture and the spe 
cific refractive powers of its constituents is given by the equation, 



P 
P= 



where, p, ;/, p", &c. represent the weights of the constituents in P units 
of weight of the mixture. 

Hence, if the specific refractive power of a mixture be determined at 
any temperature from its index of refraction and density, and if the cor 
responding values are known for each constituent, the relative weights of 
the latter may easily be calculated when only two are present. 

If P be taken as 100 we have 



whence, 

100 



d d 1 



p = 100 p. 



148 



LIGHT. 



TABLE 



OF WAVE LENGTHS IN MILLIONTIIS OF MILLIMETRES. 



Those marked * are Angstrom s measurements. 



DITSCIIEINER. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Bd. L. 
Heft III. Jahrgang, 1864. Corrected according to the Wave Length of Da given by 
Angstrom. (Pogg. Ann. CXXIII. s. 489.) 



Kirchhoff s Wave 
Line. Length. 


Kirchhoff s 
Line. 


Wave 
Length 


Kirchhoff s 
Line. 


Wave 

Length 


Kirchhoff s 
Line. 


Wave 
Length. 


A *761.20 


1242.6 


557.77 


1737.7 


511.42 


2221.7 


474.34 


B 592.7*687.49 


1280.0 


553.27 


1750.4 


510.30 


2233.7 


473.36 


C 694.1*656.77 


1303.5 551.13 


1777.5 


508.41 


2250.0 


472.26 


711.4 652.09 


1306.7 550.70 


1799.0 


506.91 


2264.3 


470.71 


719.6 650.05 


1324.8 548.13 


1834.3 


504.55 


2309.0 


467.07 


783.8 634.05 


1337.0 


546; 78 


1854.9 


503.25 


2416.0 


460.63 


831.0 623.61 


1343.5 


546.05 


1867.1 


502.26 


2436.5 


458.66 


849.7 619.72 


1351.1 


545.08 


1873.4 


501.67 


2457.5 


456.81 


860.2 617.50 


1 36 7.0 


543.42 


1885.8 


501.07 


2467.6 


455.71 


863.9 616.73 


1389.4 


540.91 


1908.5 


499.72 


2489.4 


453.73 


874.3^ 614.74 


1410.5 


538.79 


1920.2 


498.78 


2537.1 


450.56 


877.0 614. 2 I 


1421.5 


537.52 


1960.8 


496.15 


2547.2 


450.13 


884.9 612.76 


1449.4 


534.41 


1975.7 


495.04 


2566.3 


448.46 


894.9 610.82 


1463.3 


533.29 


1983.3 


494.34 


2606.6 


446.00 


959.8 598.14 


1492.4 


530.22 


1989.5 


493.76 


2627.0 


444.65 


D/3 1002.8*590.04 


1506.3 


528.79 


2001.6 


492.22 


2638.5 


443.85 


Dy 1004. 8*589.74 


1515.5 


528.02 


2018.5 


491.41 


2670.0 


442.29 


Da 1006.8*589.43 


E 1523.7 


*527.38 


2041.3 


489.54 


2686.6 


440.87 


1029.3 586.26 


1541.9 


525.98 


2058.0 


488.18 


2721.6 


438.75 


10:11;. 1 576.72 


1569.6 


523.74 


2067.1 


487.55 


2734.1 


437.80 


1102.9 575.78 


1577.6 


523.09 -F 2080.0 


*486.52 


2775.7 


435.67 


1135.1 571.51 


15S9.1 


521.97 


2103.3 


484.63 


2796.7 


434.34 


1155.7 568.70 


1601.7 


521.82 


2119.8 


482.81 


2S-J2.3 


432.82 


1174.2 5i;il.3:{ 


1622.3 


519.67 


2148.9 


480.56 


(i 2*51.7 


*4 . !l.o;{ 


1200.6 562.97 


1684.1 


518.73 


2157.4 


479.55 


2869.7 


430.37 


1207.3 561.98 


b 1648.8 


517.70 


2160.6 


479.23 


H 


*397.16 


1217.8 5(50.77 


1655.6 


517.15 


2187.1 


476.93 


II 


*393.59 


1237.8 559.13 


1693.8J 514.65 


2201.9 


475.90 







LIGHT. 



149 



TABLE 

OF WAVE LENGTHS OF VARIOUS WELL-MARKED LINES OF THE 
SPECTRUM IX MILLIONTHS OF A MILLIMETRE. 

W. GIBBS American Jour, of Science, XXXIX. 217. 



Line. 


Wave Length. 


Observer. 


Line. 


Wave Length. 


Observer. 


aL 


676.3 


Miiller 


el 


516.7 


Pliicker 


/3N 


661.0 


u 


ySiCl a 


505.0 


H 


all 


653.3 


Pliicker 


/3H 


484.3 


U 


a PCI, 


649.3 


u 


Br 


479.3 


u 


a SnCL 


644.5 


II 


yd 


479.2 


u 


a SiCl 2 


632.9 


u 


7 Br 


476.6 


tl 


aO 


615.0 


u 


8Br 


469.1 


11 


11N 


608.9 


II 


^1 


466.1 


u 


/3PC1, 


602.4 





8S 2 


463.1 


Miiller 


S1C1 2 


597.8 


H 


*I 


462.9 


Pliieker 


01 


594.7 


H 


yPCl, 


459.1 


it 


/3 SnCL 


579.4 


II 


f SnCl 2 


452.4 


u 


a Her 


578.2 


H 


CC0 2 


450.1 


M 


17N 


576.2 


U 


61 


444.6 


u 


a Hcr 


575.9 


U 


rjCO, 


438.2 


M 


yCO. 

y SnCL 


559.9 
558.4 


II 

u 


80 

yHg 


436.7 
435.9 


H 

H 


0Hg 


546.1 


u 


yH 


433.9 


U 


aCl 


545.1 


II 


tl 


421.5 


II 


51 


533.7 


U 


L 


379.1 


Esselbach 


8 SnCL 


533.3 


H 


INI 


365.7 


u 


00 


532.8 


u 


N 


349.8 


II 


0ei 


521.6 


u 





336.0 


u 


SCO, 


519.0 


II 


P 


329.0 


u 


7 


518.5 


(( 


Q 


323.2 


tt 


aBr 


516.9 


H 


R 


309.1 


H 



150 



LIGHT. 



INDICES OF 

OF SOME OF THE MOST 

A = The diminution in refraction for 
LANDOLT. Pogg. Ann., Bd. 



Compounds. 


Formula. 


Combining 
Number. 
P. 


Specific 
Gravity. 
d. 


Pa 


Water 


HO 


9 


1.0000 


1.331110 


A 








0.000096 


Formic Acid 


C 2 H 2 4 


46 


1.2211 


1.369270 


A 








0.000395 


Acetic Acid 


C 4 H 4 4 


60 


1.0514 


1.369850 


A 








0.000418 


Propionic Acid 


C 6 H G 4 


74 


0.9963 


1.384600 


A 








0.000399 


Butyric Acid 


C 8 H 8 4 


88 


0.9610 


1.395540 


A 








0.000412 


Valeric Acid 


C 10 H 10 O 4 


102 


0.9313 


1.402200 


A 








0.000406 


Capronic Acid 


CWA 


116 


0.9252 


1.411640 


A 








0.000396 


CEnanthic Acid 


C U H 14 O 


130 


0.9175 


1.419230 


A 








0.000391 


Methyl Alcohol 


C,H 4 2 


32 


0.7964 


1.327890 


A 








0.000380 


Ethyl Alcohol 


C 4 H O a 


46 


0.8011 


1.360540 


A 








0.000400 


Propyl Alcohol 


C c H 8 O f 


60 


0.8042 


1.379380 


Butyl Alcohol 


C 8 H 10 O a 


74 


0.8074 


1.393950 


A 








0.000390 


Amyl Alcohol 


C 10 H ia 2 


88 


0.8135 


1.405730 


A 








0.000390 


Acetate of Methyl 


C 6 H 6 4 


74 


0.9053 


1.359150 


A 








0.000520 


Formate of Ethyl 


C 6 H 6 4 


74 


0.9078 


1.358000 


A 








0.000530 


Acetate of Ethyl 


C 8 H 8 4 


88 


0.9021 


1.370680 


A 








0.000500 


Butyrate of Methyl 


C 10 H 10 4 


102 


0.8976 


1.386 930 


A 








0.000490 



LIGHT. 



REFRACTION 

COMMON ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. 

an elevation of temperature of one degree. 

117, S. 353, Bd. 122, S. 645. 



^ 


t*l 


A 


B 


/*a-l 


p/^a-lX 


d 


*V d ) 


1.337120 


1.340380 


1.323920 


0.30997 


0.3311 


5.96 


0.000108 


0.000110 










1.376430 


1.380410 


1.360620 


0.37250 


0.3024 


13.91 


0.000400 


0.000433 


0.000368 








1.376480 


1.380170 


1.361840 


0.34588 


0.3518 


21.11 


0.000408 


0.000430 


0.000409 








1.391290 


1.395130 


1.376430 


0.35210 


0.3860 


28.57 


0.000402 


0.000402 


0.000397 








1.402460 


1.406490 


1.387040 


0.36614 


0.4116 


36.22 


0.000419 


0.000429 


0.000398 








1.409310 


1.413490 


1.393440 


0.37751 


0.4319 


44.05 


0.000420 


0.000423 


0.000393 








1.419000 


1.423230 


1.402640 


0.38754 


0.4449 


51.61 


0.000409 


0.000413 


0.000380 








1.426630 


1.431060 


1.410050 


0.39557 


0.4569 


59.40 


0.000411 


0.000410 


0.000375 








1.333200 


1.336210 


1.321430 


0.27821 


0.4117 


13.17 


0.000400 


0.000400 










1.366650 


1.369970 


1.353220 


0.31532 


0.4501 


20.70 


0.000410 


0.000410 










1.385810 


1.389320 


1.371670 


0.33238 


0.4717 


28.30 


1.400690 


1.404-170 


1.385790 


0.35177 


0.4879 


36.11 


0.000410 


0.000410 










1.412780 


1.416890 


1.397070 


0.37317 


0.4987 


43.89 


0.000400 


0.000420 










1.365390 


1.368930 


1.351560 


0.32702 


0.3967 


29.36 


0.000520 


0.000530 










1.364200 


1.367820 


1.350380 


0.32836 


0.3944 


29.18 


0.000550 


0.000570 










1.377090 


1.380670 


1.362930 


0.33405 


0.4109 


36.16 


0.000520 


0.000540 










1.393590 


1.397420 


1.378790 


0.35077 


0.4311 


43.97 


0.000510 


0.000520 











152 



LIGHT. 



Compounds. 


Formula. 


Combining 
Number. 
P. 


Specific 
Gravity. 

d. 


,. 


Valerate of Methyl 


C ia H 12 4 


116 


0.8809 


1.392720 


A 








0.000460 


Butyrate of Ethyl 


C 12 H 12 4 


116 


0.8906 


1.394040 


A 








0.000480 


Formate of Amyl 


CuHj.0, 


116 


0.8816 


1.395920 


A 








0.000480 


Valerate of Ethyl 


C 14 H 14 4 


130 


0.8674 


1.395000 


A 








0.000470 


Acetate of Amyl 


C 14 II 14 4 


130 


0.8574 


1.401680 


A 








0.000430 


Valerate of Amyl 


C^HjjA 


172 


0.8581 


1.409780 


Aldehyde 


C 4 H 4 O a 


44 


0.7810 


1.329750 


A 








0.000580 


Valeral 


C 10 H 10 2 


86 


0.7995 


1.386140 


A 








0.000470 


Aceton 


C 6 H 6 2 


58 


0.7931 


1.357150 


A 








0.000520 


Ether 


C 8 H 10 2 


74 


0.7166 


1.351120 


A 








0.000580 


Anhydrous Acetic Acid 


C 8 H 6 6 


102 


1.0836 


1.388320 


A 








0.000460 


Glycol 


C 4 H 6 4 


62 


1.1092 


1.425300 


A 








0.000280 


Binacetate of Glycol 
Glycerin 


CAOs 
C 6 H 8 6 6 


146 
92 


1.1583 
1.2615 


1.419320 
1.470630 


A 








0.000200 


Lactic Acid 


C 6 H 6 O a 


90 


1.2427 


1.439150 


A 








0.000370 


Phenic Acid 


C 12 II e 2 


94 


1.0722 


1.544470 


A 








0.000420 


Bitter Almond Oil 


C U H 2 


106 


1.0474 


1.539140 


A 








0.000500 


Salicylous Acid 


C 14 H 6 4 


122 


1.1693 


1.564670 


A 








0.000490 


Methylsalicylic Acid 


c 10 n.o. 


152 


1.1824 


1.530190 


A 








0.000440 


Benzoate of Methyl 


C 10 H 8 O 4 


136 


1.0882 


1.511580 


A 








0.000450 


Benzoate of Ethyl 


C 18 H 10 4 


150 


1.0491 


1.501040 


A 








0.000460 



f^a > Pp > P y == the Indices of Refraction for the three Hydrogen lines, 
Ha, HP, and Hy. 



LIGHT. 



153 



! 




4 


/? 


Pa-1 


P (^-l\ 


^ 


* 




X> 


d 


P ( d ) 


1.399690 


1.403700 


1.384200 


0.36715 


0.4458 


51 71 


0.000470 


0.000480 










1.400730 


1.404600 


1.385800 


0.35310 


0.4424 


51.32 


0.000490 


0.000500 










1.402690 


1.406890 


1.387410 


0.36682 


0.4491 


52.09 


0.000500 


0.000510 










1.401870 


1.405830 


1.386590 


0.36214 


0.4554 


59.20 


0.000480 


0.000490 










1.408760 


1.412710 


1.393120 


0.36882 


0.4685 


60.90 


0.000430 


0.000440 










1.417120 


1.421240 


1.400890 


0.38320 


0.4775 


82.14 


1.335880 


1.339370 


1.322290 


0.32161 


0.4222 


18.58 


0.000610 


0.000620 










1.393360 


1.397290 


1.377490 


0.37283 


0.4830 


41.54 


0.000500 


0.000520 










1.363920 


1.367800 


1.348880 


0.35612 


0.4503 


26.12 


0.000540 


0.000550 










1.357200 


1.360710 


1.343680 


0.32067 


0.4900 


36.26 


0.000590 


0.000590 










1.395250 


1.399270 


1.379820 


0.36614 


0.3584 


36.56 


0.000470 


0.000490 










1.432510 


1.436620 


1.416510 


0.37832 


0.3834 


23.77 


0.000320 


0.000370 










1 426810 


1.431200 


1.410100 


0.39725 


0.3620 


52.85 


1.478450 


1.482810 


1.461180 


0.40728 


0.3731 


34.32 


0.000220 


0.000240 










1.446860 


1.451350 


1.429680 


040794 


0.3534 


31.81 


0.000380 


0.000380 










1.563570 


1.575550 


1.520350 


1.03925 


0.5078 


47.73 


0.000440 


0.000470 










1.562350 


1.577490 


1.509400 


1.28201 


0.5147 


54.56 


0.000510 


0.000540 










1.596000 


1.620080 


1.521670 


1.85280 


0.4829 


58.91 


0.000520 


0.000540 










1.5521-20 


1.567180 


1.501480 


1.23687 


0.4484 


68.16 


0.000460 


0.000510 










1.528900 


1.539890 


1.489610 


0.94663 


0.4701 


63.94 


0.000490 


0.000500 










1.517150 


1.527490 


1.480510 


0.88444 


0.4776 


71.64 


0.000510 


0.000550 











A = Coefficient of Refraction. 

B = Coefficient of Dispersion in Cauchy s formula 



154 



LIGUT. 



TABLE 



OF INDICES OF REFRACTION OF ESSENTIAL OILS. 



GLADSTONE. Journal of the Chemical Society of London, N. S. Vol. II. p. 1. 



Crude Oils. 


Specific 
Gravity 
15.5 C. 


Refractive Indices. 


Rotation. 


Temp. 


A 


D 


H 


Anise 


0.9852 




16.5 


.5433 


1.5566 


1.6118 


o 
1.0 


Antkerosperma Moschatum 


1.0425 


14.0 


.5172 


1.5274 


1.5628 


4 7.0 


Bay 


0.8808 


18.5 


.4944 


1.5022 


1.5420 


6.0 


Bergamot 


0.8825 


22.0 


.4559 


1.4625 


1.4779G 


4- 23.0 


" Florence 


0.8804 


26.5 


.4547 


1.4614 


1.4760G + 40.0 


Birch Bark 


0.9005 


8.0 


.4851 


1.4921 


1.5172 


-f 38.0 


Cajeput 


0.9203 


25.5 


.4561 


1.4611 


1.4778 


0.0 


Calamus 


0.9388 


10.0 


.4965 


1.5031 


1.5204G 


-f 43.5 


" Hamburg 


0.9410 


11.0 


.4843 


1.4911 


1.5144 


-1-42.0? 


Caraway 


0.8845 


19.0 


.4601 


1.4671 


1.4886 


-j- 63.0 


" Hamburg 1st dist. 


0.9121 


10.0 


.4829 


1.4903 


1.5142 




<( u 2d " 


0.8832 


10.5 




1.4784 






Cascarilla 


0.8956 


10.0 


.4844 


1.4918 


1.5158 


4- 26.0 


Cassia 


1.0297 


19.5 


.5602 


1.5748 


1.6243G 


0.0 


Cedar 


0.9622 23.0 


.4978 


1.5035 


1.5238 


4- 3.0 


Cedrat 


0.8584 18.0 


.4671 


1.4731 


1.4952 


4-156.0 


Citronella 


0.8908 21.0 


.4599 


1.4659 


1.4866 


4.0 


" Penang 


0.8847J 15.5 


.4604 


1.4665 


1.4875 


1.0 


Cloves 


1.0475 17.0 


.5213 


1.5312 


1.5666 


4.0 


Coriander 


0.8775 10.0 


1.4592 


1.4652 


1.4805G 


421.0? 


Cubebs 


0.9414 


10.0 


1.4953 


1.5011 


1.5160G 




Dill 


0.8922 11.5 


1.4764 


1.4834 


.5072 


4206.0 


Elder 


0.8584 8.5 


.4686 


1.4749 


.4965 


4- 14.5 


Eucalyptus amygdalina 


0.8812: 13.5 


.4717 


1.4788 


.5021 


136.0 


" oleosa 


0.9322: 13.5 


.4661 


1.4718 


.4909 


4 4.0 


Indian Geranium 


0.9043 21.5 


.4653 


1.4714 


.4868G 


4.0 


Lavender 


0.8903 20.0 


.4586 


1.4648 


.4862 


20.0 


Lemon-grass 


0.8932 21.0 




1.4705 




3.0? 


" Penang 


0.8766j 13.5 


.4756 


1.4837 


1.5042 


0.0 


Malaleuca ericifolia 


0.9030 


9.0 


.4655 


1.4712 


1.4901 


4- 26.0 


" linarifolia 


0.9016 


9.0 


.4710 


1.4772 


1.4971 


4- 11.0 


Mint 


0.9342 


19.0 


.4767 


1.4840 


1.5015G 


116.0 


u 


0.9105 


14.5 


.4756 


1.4822 


1.5037 


- 13.0 



LIGHT. 



.-K^i. 
of 



Crude Oils. 


Specific 
Gravity 
16.5 -C. 


Refractive Indicea 


Rotation. 


Temp. 


A 


D 


H 


Myrtle 


0.8911 




14.0 


1.4623 


1.4680 


1.4879 


4- 21.0 


Myrrh 


1.0189 


7.5 


1.5196 


1.5278 


l.:,172G 136.0 


Neroli 


0.8789 


18.0 


1.4614 


1.4676 


1.4835G- 


- 15.0 


u 


0.8743 


10.0 


1.4673 


.4741 


1.488 IF - 


- 28.0 


Nutmeg 


0.8826 


24.0 


1.4644 


.4709 


1.4934 - 


- 44.0 


" Penang 


0.9069 


16.0 


1.4749 


.4818 


1.5053 




- 9.0 


Orange-peel 


0.8509 


20.0 


1.4633 


.4699 


1.4916 - 


-32.0? 


Florence 


0.8864 


20.0 


1.4707 


.4774 


1.4980 - 


-216.0 


Parsley 


0.9926 


8.5 


1.5068 


1.5162 


1.5417G 9.0 


Patchouli 


0.9554 


21.0 


1.4990 


1.5050 


1.5194G 




* Penang 


0.9592 


21.0 


1.4980 1.6040 


1.5183G 120.0 


" French 


1.0119 


14.0 


1.5074,1.5132 


1.5202F 




Peppermint 


0.9028 


14.5 


1.4612 1.4670 


1.4854 




- 72.0 


" Florence 


0.9116 


14.0 


1.4628 


1.46821.4867 




- 44.0 


Petit Grain 


0.8765 


21.0 


1.4536 


.4600 


1.4808 


-4- 26.0 


Rose 


0.8912 


25.0 


1.4567 .4627 


1.4835 




- 7.0 


Rosemary 


0.9080 


16.5 


1.4632 .4688 


1.4867 


-f 17.0 


Rosewood 


0.9064 


17.0 


1.4843 .4903 


1.5113 




- 16.0 


Sandalwood 


0.9750 


24.0 


1.4959, .5021 


1.5227 




- 50.0 


Thyme 


0.8843 


19.0 


1.4695 .4754 


1.4909G 






Turpentine 


0.8727 


13.0 


1.4672 .4732 


1.4938 




- 79.0 


Verbena 


0.8812 


20.0 


1.4791 .4870 


1.5059G 6.0 


Wintergreen 


1.1423 


15.0 


1.5163 .5278 


1.5737 -|- 3.0 


Wormwood 


0.9122 


18.0 


1.4631 .4688 


1.4756FI 





NOTE. The tube by which the Angle of Rotation was determined was 
ten inches long. The numbers marked G and F are the indices of 

t5 

refraction for the lines G and F, the color of the liquid preventing II 
from being seen. 



Io6 



LIGHT. 



TABLE 

OF THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE HYDROCARBONS OF THE 
ESSENTIAL OILS. 

GLADSTONE. Journal of the Chemical Society of London, 2d Series, Vol. II. p 1. 



Source of Hydrocarbon. 


Sp. Or. 
at 
20^ C. 

= D 


Boil 
ing 
Point. 


Index of 
1 Refrac 
tion 
: of A at 
20 >C. 

juf-. 


Dis 
per 
sion. 
AtoH 


A 10 


v 1-1 
D 


Rota 
tion. 


Orange peel 


.8460 




174 


1.4645 


.0277 


.0048 


,5490 




-f 154 


" " Florence 


.8468 


174 


1.4650 


.0281 


.0049 


.5491 


-f-260 


Cedrat 


.8466 


173 1.4650 


.0280 


.0049 -5492 


-j-180 


Lemon 


.8468 


173 


1.4660 


.0280 


0049 .5502 


--172 


Bergamot 


.8466 


175 


1.4619 


.0295 


.0049 


.5456 


-4- 76 


" Florence 


.8464 


176 


1.4602 


.0287 


.0048 


.5437 


-- 82 


Neroli 


.8466 173 


1.4614 


.0291 


.0047 


.5450 


4- 76 


Petit Grain 


.8470 174 


1.4617 


.0282 


.0046 


.5439 


4- 60 


Caraway Hamburg 1st dist. .8466 176 11.4645 


.0286 


.0048 


.5486 


-j-180 


Dill 


.8467! 173 1 1.4643 


.0288 


.0046 


.5486 


-f242 


Cascarilla 


.8467 


172 1.4652 


.0305 .0049 


5494 





Elder 


.8468 


172 


1.4631 


.0269 


.0047 


.5468 


-f I* 


Bay 


.8508 


171 


1.4542 


.0260 


.0047 


.5338 


22 


Gaultherilene 


.8510 


168 


1.4614 


.0271 


.0049 .5422 




Nutmeg 
" Penang 


.8518 
.8527 


167 

166 


1.4630 
1.4634 


0284.0047 
02741.0049 


.5435 
.5434 


ti 


Carvene 


.8530 


166 


1.4610 


0261 


.0048 .5440 


20 


Hamburg 2d dist. 
Wormwood 


.8545 
.8565 


160 


1.4641 
1.4590 


0263 
0253 


.0048 
.0047 


.5431 
.5359 


4- 86 
4-46 


Terebene 


.8583 


160 


1.4670 


0275 


.0048 


.5440 





Anise 


.8580 


160-14607 


0268 


.0047 


.5368 




Mint 


.8600 


160 14622 


0255 


.0048 


.5374 


-f- 30 


Peppermint 


.8602 


175 


1.4577 


0267 


.0047 


.5321 


60 


Laurel Turpentine 


.8618 


160 


1.4637 


0260 


.0047 


.5380 


-h 94 


Thyme 


.8635 


160 


1.4617 


0282 .0048 


.5346 


75 


Turpentine I 


.8644 


160 


1.4612 


.0250 


.0047 


.5335 


4- 48 


n 


.8555 


160 


1.4590 


.0256 


.0047 


.5365 


87 


m. 


.8614 


160 1.4621 


.02491 




.5364 


90 


IV 


.8600 


16v/1.4613 


.0254! 


.0047 


.5364 


88 


Eucalyptus amygdalina 


.8642 


171 11.4696.0323 


.0049 .5434 


142 



LIGHT. 



157 









Index of 












Sp.Gr. 




Refrac 


Die- 








Source of Hydrocarbon, 


at 
20-0. 


Boil 
ing 
Point. 


tion 
of A&t 
20- C. 


per- 
sion, 
AtoH 


A 10 


D 


Rota 
tion. 


Myrtle 


.8690 


o 
163 


1.4565 


.0248 


.0047 


.5253 


+ 64 


Parsley 


.8732 


160 


1.4665 


.0291 


.0046 .5355 


44 


Rosemary 


.8805 


163 


1.4583 


.0241 


.0046 .5205 


+ 8 


Cloves 


.9041 


249 


1.4898 


.0284 


.0045 .5417 




Rosewood 


.9042 


249 


1.4878 


.0277 


.0045 .5395 11 


Cubebs 


.9062 


260 1.4950 


.o:5i>2.0041 .5462 


-f 59 


Calamus 


.9180 


260 


1.4930 


.0322.0042 .5370 


-- 55 


" Hamburg 


.9275 


260 


1.4976 


.0337.0043 .5365 


-- 22 


Cascarilla 


.9212 


254 


1.4926 


.0307.0042 .5347 


-- 72 


Patchouli 


.9211 


2.-> I 1.4966 


.0274 .0042 .5391 




" Penang 


.9278 


257 1.4963 


.0275 .0044 .5349 


90 


" French 


.9255 


260 1.5009 


.0262.0042 .5412 




Colophene 


.9391 


315 1.5084 


.0309.0041 .5413 






MISCELLANEOUS. 



SOLUBILITIES OF SOME OF THE MORE COMMON 
PRECIPITATES. 



FRESENIUS. Quaa Analysis, pp. 740-749. 

Bichloride of Potassium and Platinum. In absence of 
free Hydrochloric acid one part of the salt dissolves in 12083 parts of 
alcohol of 97.5 per cent, in 3775, of 76 per cent, and in 1053, of 55 per 
cent. In presence of free Hydrochloric acid, in 1835, of 76 per cent. 

Bichloride of Ammonium and Platinum. In absence of 
free Hydrochloric acid, one part of the salt dissolves in 26535 parts of 
alcohol of 97.5 per cent, in 1406 parts of alcohol of 76 per cent, in 665 
parts of alcohol of 55 per cent. In presence of free Hydrochloric acid, 
one part of the salt requires 672 parts of spirit of 76 per cent. 

Carbonate of Barium. One part dissolves in 14137 parts of 
water at 15-20. One part dissolves in 15432 parts of boiling water. 
One part dissolves in 141000 parts of water containing Ammonia, Car 
bonate of Ammonium, and Chloride of Ammonium. 

Fluosilicate of Barium. One part of the salt requires 3802 
parts of cold, or 3392 parts of boiling water for solution. One part of 
the salt requires from 640 to 733 parts of water acidified with Hydro 
chloric for solution. 

Sulphate of Strontium. One part of the salt dissolves in 6895 
parts of water at 14, in 9638 parts of boiling water, in 11862 parts of 
water containing Sulphuric and Hydrochloric acids, in 432 parts of Nitric 
acid of 4.8 per cent, in 474 parts of Hydrochloric of 8.5 per cent, and in 
7843 parts of Acetic acid of 15.6 per cent. 

Carbonate of Strontium. One part of the salt requires 18045 
parts of cold water for solution, and 56545 parts of a solution containing 
Carbonate of Ammonium and free Ammonia. 



162 MISCELLANEOUS. 

Carbonate of Calcium. One part dissolves in 8834 parts of 
boiling, or in 10601 parts of cold water. One part requires 65246 parts 
of a solution of Carbonate of Ammonium and free Ammonia to dis 
solve it. 

Basic Phosphate of Magnesium and Ammonium. 

One part dissolves in 15293 parts of pure water, in 44600 parts of water 
containing free Ammonia, in 7548 parts of water containing Chloride of 
Ammonium, and in 15627 parts of water containing Chloride of Ammo 
nium and Ammonia. 

Magnesia. One part dissolves in 55368 parts of water. 

Basic Carbonate of Zinc. One part dissolves in 44642 parts 
of water. 

Carbonate of Lead. One part requires 50551 parts of water, 
or 23450 parts of a dilute solution of Acetate of Ammonium, Carbonate 
of Ammonium, and Ammonia for Solution. 

Sulphate of Lead. One part dissolves in 22816 parts of pure 
water, and in 36504 parts of water containing Sulphuric acid. 



WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 



FRENCH WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 



Measure of Length. 

One Myriametre 

" Kilometre 

" Hectometre 

" Decametre 

" Metre 

" Decimetre 

" Centimetre 

" Millimetre 



= 10000 Metres. 


= 


1000 


u 


== 


100 


u 


= 


10 


u 


= 


1 


u 


= 


0.1 


u 


= 


0.01 


u 


_ 


0.001 


il 



Square Measure. 

One Centiare = 1 Square Metre. 

" Are = 100 " Metres. 

" Hectare = 10,000 " " 



Cubic Measure. 



One Cubic Metre 
" " Decimetre 
" " Centimetre 
" " Millimetre 

One Litre 



Cubic Metre. 



1 

0.001 " 

0.000,001 " 
0.000,000,001 " 
1000 c.c. 



Weights. 



One Kilogramme = 

" Hectogramme = 

" Decagramme = 

" Gramme = 

" Decigramme = 

" Centigramme = 

" Milligramme = 

One Gramme = 15.4336 Grains = 
3.9 C. and 760 m.m. pressure. 



1000 Grammes. 

100 

10 " 

1 " 

0.1 " 

0.01 " 

0.001 " 

one Cubic Centimetre of water at 



1G4 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



VALUES OF ENGLISH WEIGHTS AND MEASURES IN FRENCH OR 
DECIMAL. 

Wine Measure. 



One Gallon 
" Quart 
" Pint 
Gill 
" Fluid Ounce 



4.5435 Litres. 
1.1359 " 
.5679 " 
.1420 " 
28.4 Cubic Centimetres. 



Long Measure. 



)ne Mile = 1609.4083 Metres. 


" Furlong = 
Rod = 


201.1760 
5.0297 


u 
u 


" Yard = 


.9144 


it 


" Foot = 


.3048 


u 


" Inch = 


2.54 Centimetres. 


" Line = 


.21 


it 



Square Measure. 



One Square Mile 


= 


" " Acre 


= 


" " Rood 


= 


" " Rod 


= 


" " Yard 


. 


" " Foot 


. 


" " Inch 






258.9894 Hectares. 

40.4671 Ares. 

10.1168 " 

25.292 Square Metres. 

0.8360 " " 

.0929 " " 

6.45 " Centimetres. 



Cubic Measure. 



One Cubic Foot = 28315.3119 Cubic Centimetres. 
" " Inch = 16.3862 " 



MISCELLANEOUS. 165 

Avoirdupois Weight. 

One Ton, 2000 Ibs., = 907.18530 Kilogrammes. 

Hundred Wt., 100 Ibs., = 45.359265 

" Pound .45359265 " 

" Ounce = 28.3494 Grammes. 

" Dram = 1.7718 " 

Troy Weight. 

One Pound = 373.242 Grammes. 

" Ounce = 31.1035 " 

" Pennyweight = 1.5522 " 

" Grain = .0648 " 

Apothecaries Weight. 

One Pound = 373.242 Grammes. 

" Ounce = 31.1035 " 

Dram 8.8779 " 

Scruple 1.296 " 

" Grain = .0648 " 



TABLE OF LOGARITHMS. 



LOGARITHMS. 



169 



TABLE 

OF LOGARITHMS FROM 1 TO 100. 



1 


0.00000 


26 


.41497 


51 


1.70757 


76 


.88081 


2 


0.30103 


27 


.43136 


52 


1.71600 


77 


.88649 


3 


0.47712 


28 


.44716 


53 


1.72428 


78 


.89209 


4 


0.60206 


29 


.46240 


54 


1.73239 


79 


.89763 


5 


0.69897 


30 


.47712 


55 


1.74036 


80 


.90309 


6 


0.77815 


31 


.49136 


56 


1.74819 


81 


.90849 


7 


0.84510 


32 


.50515 


57 


1.75587 


82 


.91381 


8 


0.90309 


33 


.51851 


58 


1.76343 


83 


.91908 


9 


0.95424 


34 


.53148 


59 


1.77085 


84 


1.92428 


10 


1.00000 


35 


.54407 


60 


1.77815 


85 


1.92942 


11 


.04139 


36 


.55630 


61 


1.78533 


86 


1.93450 


12 


.07918 


37 


.56820 


62 


1.79239 


87 


1.93952 


13 


.11394 


38 


.57978 


63 


1.79934 


-88 


1.94448 


14 


.14613 


39 


.59106 


64 


1.80618 


89 


1.94939 


15 


.17609 


40 


.60206 


65 


1.81291 


90 


1.95424 


16 


.20412 


41 


.61278 


66 


1.81954 


91 


1.95904 


17 


.23045 


42 


.62325 


67 


1.82607 


92 


1.96379 


18 


.25527 


43 


.63347 


68 


1.83251 


93 


1.96848 


19 


.27875 


44 


.64345 


69 


1.83885 


94 


1.97313 


20 


.30103 


45 


.65321 


70 


1.84510 


95 


1.97772 


21 


.32222 


46 


.66276 


71 


1.85126 


96 


1.98227 


22 


.34242 


47 


.67210 


72 


1.85733 


97 


1.98677 


23 


.36173 


48 


.68124 


73 


1.86332 


98 


1.99123 


24 


.38021 


49 


.69020 


74 


1.86923 


99 


1.99564 


25 


.39794 


50 


.69897 


75 


1.87506 


100 


2.00000 



NOTE. In the following table the two leading figures in the first 
column of Logarithms are to be prefixed to all the numbers of the same 
horizontal line in the next nine columns, but when an asterisk (*) occurs, 
the two leading figures are to be taken from the next lower line. 



170 



LOGARITHMS. 








1 


3 


3 


ft 


5 


G 


7 


8 


9 


100 


00000 


043 


087 


130 


173 


217 


260 


303 


346 


389 


101 


432 


475 


518 


561 


604 


647 


689 


732 


775 


817 


102 


860 


903 


945 


988 


*030 


*072 


*115 


*157 


*199 


*242 


103 


01284 


326 


368 


410 


452 


494 


536 


578 


620 


662 


104 


703 


745 


787 


828 


870 


912 


953 


995 


*036 


*078 


105 


02119 


160 


202 


243 


284 


325 


366 


407 


449 


490 


106 


531 


572 


612 


653 


694 


735 


776 


816 


857 


898 


107 


938 


979 


*019 


*060 


*100 


*141 


*181 


*222 


*262 


*302 


108 


03342 


383 


423 


463 


503 


543 


583 


623 


663 


703 


109 


743 


TS2 


822 


862 


902 


941 


981 


*021 


*060 


*100 


110 


04139 


179 


218 


258 


297 


336 


376 


415 


454 


493 


111 


532 


571 


610 


650 


689 


727 


766 


805 


844 


883 


112 


922 


961 


999 


*038 


*077 


*115 


*154 


*192 


*231 


*269 


113 


05308 


346 


385 


423 


461 


500 


538 


576 


614 


652 


114 


690 


729 


767 


805 


843 


881 


918 


956 


994 


*032 


115 


06070 


108 


145 


183 


221 


258 


296 


333 


371 


408 


116 


446 


483 


521 


558 


595 


633 


670 


707 


744 


781 


117 


819 


856 


893 


930 


967 


*004 


*041 


*078 


*115 


*151 


118 


07188 


225 


262 


298 


335 


372 


408 


445 


482 


518 


119 


555 


591 


628 


664 


700 


737 


773 


809 


846 


882 


120 


918 


954 


990 


*027 


*063 


*099 


*135 


*171 


*207 


*243 


121 


08279 


314 


350 


386 


422 


458 


493 


529 


565 


600 


122 


636 


672 


707 


743 


778 


814 


849 


884 


920 


955 


123 


991 


*026 


*061 


*096 


*132 


*167 


*202 


*237 


*272 


*307 


124 


09342 


377 


412 


447 


482 


517 


552 


587 


621 


656 


125 


691 


726 


760 


795 


830 


864 


899 


934 


968 


*003 


126 


10037 


072 


106 


140 


175 


209 


243 


278 


312 


346 


127 


380 


415 


449 


483 


517 


551 


585 


619 


653 


687 


128 


721 


755 


789 


823 


857 


890 


924 


958 


992 


*025 


129 


11059 


093 


126 


160 


193 


227 


261 


294 


327 


361 


130 


394 


428 


461 


494 


528 


561 


594 


628 


661 


694 


131 


727 


760 


793 


826 


860 


893 


926 


959 


992 


*024 


132 


12057 


090 


123 


156 


189 


222 


254 


287 


320 


352 


133 


385 


418 


450 


483 


516 


548 


581 


613 


646 


678 


134 


710 


713 


775 


808 


840 


872 


905 


937 


969 


*001 


135 


13033 


066 


098 


130 


162 


194 


226 


258 


290 


322 


136 


354 


386 


418 


450 


481 


513 


545 


577 


609 


640 


137 


672 


704 


735 


7G7 


799 


830 


862 


893 


925 


956 


138 


988 


*019 


*051 


*082 


*114 


*145 


*176 


*208 


*239 *270 


139 


14301 


333 


364 


395 


426 


457 


489 


520 


551 


582 



LOGARITHMS. 



171 








1 


a 


3 


* 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


140 


14G13 


644 


675 


706 | 737 


768 


799 


829 


860 


891 


141 


922 


953 


983 


*014 *045 


*076 


*106 


*137 


*]98 


142 


15229 


259 


290 


320 


351 


381 


412 


442 


473 


503 


143 


534 


564 


594 


625 


655 


685 


715 


746 


776 


806 


144 


836 


866 


897 


927 


957 


987 


*017 


*047 


*077 


*107 


145 


16137 


167 


197 


227 


256 


286 


316 


346 


376 


406 


146 


435 


465 


495 


524 


554 


584 


613 


643 


673 


702 


147 


732 


761 


791 


820 


850 


879 


909 


938 


967 


997 


148 


17026 


056 


085 


114 


143 


173 


202 


231 


260 


289 


149 


319 


348 


377 


406 


435 


464 


493 


52-2 


551 


580 


150 


609 


638 


667 


696 


725 


754 


782 


811 


840 


869 


151 


898 


926 


955 


984 


*013 


*041 


*070 


*099 


*127 


*156 


152 


18184 


213 


241 


270 


298 


327 


355 


384 


412 


441 


153 


469 


498 


526 


554 


583 


611 


639 


667 


696 


724 


154 


752 


780 


808 


837 


865 


893 


921 


949 


977 


*005 


155 


19033 


061 


089 


117 


145 


173 


201 


229 


257 


285 


156 


312 


340 


368 


396 


424 


451 


479 


507 


535 


562 


157 


590 


618 


645 


673 


700 


728 


756 


783 


811 


838 


158 


866 


893 


921 


948 


976 


*003 


*030 


*058 


*085 


*112 


159 


20140 


167 


194 


222 


249 


276 


303 


330 


358 


385 


160 


412 


439 


466 


493 


520 


548 


575 


602 


629 


656 


161 


683 


710 


737 


763 


790 


817 


844 


871 


898 


925 


162 


952 


978 


*005 


*032 


*059 


*085 


*112 


*139 


*165 


*192 


163 


21219 


245 


272 


299 


325 


352 


378 


405 


431 


458 


164 


484 


511 


537 


564 


590 


617 


643 


669 


696 


722 


165 


748 


775 


801 


827 


854 


880 


906 


932 


958 


985 


166 


22011 


037 


063 


089 


115 


141 


167 


194 


220 


246 


167 


272 


298 


324 


350 


376 


401 


427 


453 


479 


505 


168 


531 


557 


583 


608 


634 


660 


686 


712 


737 


763 


169 


789 


814 


840 


866 


891 


917 


943 


968 


994 


*019 


170 


23045 


070 


096 


121 


147 


172 


198 


223 


249 


274 


171 


300 


325 


350 


376 


401 


426 


452 


477 


502 


528 


172 


553 


578 


603 


629 


654 


679 


704 


729 


754 


779 


173 


805 


830 


855 


880 


905 


930 


955 


980 


*005 


*030 


174 


24055 


080 


105 


130 


155 


180 


204 


229 


254 


279 


175 


304 


329 


353 


378 


403 


428 


452 


477 


502 


527 


176 


551 


576 


601 


625 


650 


674 


699 


724 


748 


773 


177 


797 


822 


846 


871 


895 


920 


944 


969 


993 


*018 


178 


25042 


066 


091 


115 


139 


164 


188 


212 


237 


261 


179 


285 


310 


334 


358 


382 


406 


431 


455 


479 


503 



172 



LOGARITHMS. 








1 


a 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 





180 


25527 


551 


575 


600 


624 


648 


672 


696 


720 


744 


181 


768 


792 


816 


840 


864 


888 


912 


935 


959 


983 


182 


26007 


031 


055 


079 


102 


126 


150 


174 


198 


221 


183 


245 


269 


293 


316 


340 


364 


387 


411 


435 


458 


184 


482 


505 


529 


553 


576 


600 


623 


647 


670 


694 


185 


717 


741 


764 


788 


811 


834 


858 


881 


905 


928 


186 


951 


975 


998 


*021 


*045 


*OG8 


*091 


*114 


*138 


*161 


187 


27184 


207 


231 


254 


277 


300 


323 


346 


370 


393 


188 


416 


439 


462 


485 


508 


531 


554 


577 


600 


623 


189 


646 


669 


692 


715 


738 


761 


784 


807 


830 


852 


190 


875 


898 


921 


944 


967 


989 


*012 


*035 


*058 


*081 


191 


28103 


126 


149 


171 


194 


217 


240 


262 


285 


307 


192 


330 


353 


375 


398 


421 


443 


466 


488 


511 


533 


193 


556 


578 


601 


623 


646 


668 


691 


713 


735 


758 


194 


780 


803 


825 


847 


870 


892 


914 


937 


959 


981 


195 


29003 


026 


048 


070 


092 


115 


137 


159 


181 


203 


196 


226 


248 


270 


292 


314 


336 


358 


380 


403 


425 


197 


447 


469 


491 


513 


535 


557 


579 


601 


623 


645 


198 


667 


688 


710 


732 


754 


776 


798 


820 


842 


863 


199 


885 


907 


929 


951 


973 


994 


*016 


*038 


*060 


*081 


200 


30103 


125 


146 


168 


190 


211 


233 


255 


276 


298 


201 


320 


341 


363 


384 


406 


428 


449 


471 


492 


514 


202 


535 


557 


578 


600 


621 


643 


664 


685 


707 


728 


203 


750 


771 


792 


814 


835 


856 


878 


899 


920 


942 


204 


963 


984 


*006 


*027 


*048 


*069 


*091 


*112 


*133 


*154 


205 


31175 


197 


218 


239 


260 


281 


302 


323 


345 


366 


206 


387 


408 


429 


450 


471 


492 


513 


534 


555 


576 


207 


597 


618 


639 


660 


681 


702 


723 


744 


765 


785 


208 


806 


827 


848 


869 


890 


911 


931 


952 


973 


994 


209 


32015 


035 


056 


077 


098 


118 


139 


160 


181 


201 


210 


222 


243 


263 


284 


305 


325 


346 


366 


387 


408 


211 


428 


449 


469 


490 


510 


531 


552 


572 


593 


613 


212 


634 


654 


675 


695 


715 


736 


756 


777 


797 


818 


213 


838 


858 


879 


899 


919 


940 


960 


980 


*001 


*021 


214 


33041 


062 


082 


102 


122 


143 


163 


183 


203 


224 


215 


244 


264 


284 


304 


325 


345 


365 


385 


405 


425 


216 


445 


465 


486 


506 


526 


546 


566 


586 


606 


626 


217 


646 


666 


686 


706 


726 


746 


766 


786 


806 


826 


218 


846 


866 


885 


905 


925 


945 


965 


985 


*005 


*025 


219 


,34044 


064 


084 


104 


124 


143 


163 


183 


203 


223 



LOGARITHMS. 



173 








1 


a 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


220 


34242 


262 


282 


301 


321 


341 


361 


380 


400 


420 


221 


439 


459 


479 


498 


518 


537 


557 


577 


596 


616 


222 


635 


655 


674 


694 


713 


733 


753 


772 


792 


811 


223 


830 


850 


869 


889 


908 


928 


947 


967 


986 


*005 


*24 


35025 


044 


064 


083 


102 


122 


141 


160 


180 


199 


225 


218 


238 


257 


276 


295 


315 


334 


353 


372 


392 


226 


411 


430 


449 


468 


488 


507 


526 


545 


564 


583 


2-27 


603 


622 


641 


660 


679 


698 


717 


736 


755 


774 


228 


793 


813 


832 


851 


870 


889 


908 


927 


946 


965 


229 


984 


*003 


*021 


*040 


*059 


*078 


*097 


*116 


*135 


*154 


230 


36173 


192 


211 


229 


248 


267 


286 


305 


324 


342 


231 


361 


380 


399 


418 


436 


455 


474 


493 


511 


530 


232 


549 


568 


586 


605 


624 


642 


661 


680 


698 


717 


233 


736 


754 


773 


791 


810 


829 


847 


866 


884 


903 


234 


922 


940 


959 


977 


996 


*014 


*033 


*051 


*070 


*088 


285 


37107 


125 


144 


162 


181 


199 


218 


236 


254 


273 


236 


291 


310 


328 


346 


365 


383 


401 


420 


438 


457 


237 


475 


493 


511 


530 


548 


566 


585 


603 


621 


639 


238 


658 


676 


694 


712 


731 


749 


767 


785 


803 


822 


239 


840 


858 


876 


894 


912 


931 


949 


967 


985 


*003 


240 


38021 


039 


057 


075 


093 


112 


130 


148 


166 


184 


241 


202 


220 


238 


256 


274 


292 


310 


328 


346 


364 


242 


382 


399 


417 


435 


453 


471 


489 


507 


525 


543 


243 


561 


578 


596 


614 


632 


650 


668 


686 


703 721 


244 


739 


757 


775 


792 


810 


828 


846 


863 


881 899 


245 


917 


934 


952 


970 


987 


*005 


*023 


*041 


*058 *076 


246 


39094 


111 


129 


146 


164 


182 


199 


217 


235 


252 


247 


270 


287 


305 


322 


340 


358 


375 


393 


410 


428 


248 


445 


463 


480 


498 


515 


533 


550 


568 


585 


602 


249 


620 


637 


655 


672 


690 


707 


724 


742 


759 


777 


250 


794 


811 


829 


846 


863 


881 


898 


915 


933 


950 


251 


967 


*002 


019 


*037 *054 


*071 


*088 *106 


*123 


2.V2 


40140 


157 


175 


192 


209 226 


243 


261 


278 


295 


253 


312 


329 


346 


364 


381 398 


415 


432 


449 


466 


254 


483 


500 


518 


535 


552 


569 


586 


603 


620 


637 


255 


654 


671 


688 


705 


722 


739 


756 


773 


790 


807 


256 


824 


841 


858 


875 




909 


926 


943 


960 


976 


25 7 


993 


*010 


*027 


*044 


*inU *078 


*095 


*111 


*128 


*145 


258 


411G2 


179 


196 


212 


229 246 


263 


280 


296 


313 


259 


330 


347 


363 


380 


397 


414 


430 


447 


464 


481 



174 



LOGARITHMS. 








1 


a 


3 


4 


5 





7 


8 


9 


260 


41497 


514 


53] 


547 


564 


581 


597 


614 


631 


647 


261 


664 


681 


697 


714 


731 


747 


764 


780 


797 


814 


262 


830 


847 


863 


880 


896 


913 


929 


946 


963 


979 


263 


996 


*012 


*029 


*045 


*062 


*078 


*095 


*111 


*127 


*144 


264 


42160 


177 


193 


210 


226 


243 


259 


275 


292 


308 


265 


325 


341 


357 


374 


390 


406 


423 


439 


455 


-172 


266 


488 


504 


521 


537 


553 


570 


586 


602 


619 


635 


267 


651 


667 


684 


700 


716 


732 


749 


765 


781 


797 


268 


813 


830 


846 


862 


878 


894 


911 


927 


943 


959 


269 


975 


991 


*008 


*024 


*040 


*056 


*072 


*088 


*104 


*120 


270 


43136 


152 


169 


185 


201 


217 


233 


249 


265 


281 


271 


297 


313 


329 


345 


361 


377 


393 


409 


425 


441 


272 


457 


473 


489 


505 


521 


537 


553 


569 


584 


600 


273 


616 


632 


648 


664 


680 


696 


712 


727 


743 


759 


274 


775 


791 


807 


823 


838 


854 


870 


886 


902 


917 


275 


933 


949 


965 


981 


996 


*012 


*028 


*044 


*059 


*075 


276 


44091 


107 


122 


138 


154 


170 


185 


201 


217 


232 


277 


248 


264 


279 


295 


311 


326 


342 


358 


373 


389 


278 


404 


420 


436 


451 


467 


483 


498 


514 


529 


545 


279 


560 


576 


592 


607 


623 


638 


654 


669 


685 


700 


280 


716 


731 


747 


762 


778 


793 


809 


824 


840 


855 


281 


871 


886 


902 


917 


932 


948 


963 


979 


994 


*010 


282 


45025 


040 


056 


071 


086 


102 


117 


133 


148 


163 


283 


179 


194 


209 


225 


240 


255 


271 


286 


301 


317 


284 


332 


347 


362 


378 


393 


408 


423 


439 


454 


469 


285 


484 


500 


515 


530 


545 


561 


576 


591 


606 


621 


286 


637 


652 


667 


682 


697 


712 


728 


743 


758 


773 


287 


788 


803 


818 


834 


849 


864 


879 


894 


909 


924 


288 


939 


954 


969 


984 


*000 


*015 


*030 


*045 


*060 


*075 


289 


46090 


105 


120 


135 


150 


165 


180 


195 


210 


225 


290 


240 


255 


270 


285 


300 


315 


330 


345 


359 


374 


291 


389 


404 


419 


434 


449 


464 


479 


494 


509 


523 


292 


538 


553 


568 583 


598 


613 


627 


642 


657 


672 


293 


687 


702 


:n; 7;n 


746 


761 


776 


790 


805 


820 


294 


835 


850 


864 


879 


894 


909 


923 


938 


953 


967 


295 


982 


997 


*012 


*026 


*041 


*056 


*070 


*085 


*100 


*114 


296 


47129 


1 1 1 


159 


173 


188 


202 


217 


232 


246 


261 


> ( M 


276 


290 


305 


319 


334 


349 


363 


378 


392 


407 


298 


422 


436 


451 


465 


480 


494 


509 


524 


538 


;>:>:\ 


299 


567 


582 


596 


611 


625 


640 


<;:> i 


669 


683 


698 



LOGARITHMS. 



175 








1 


3 


3 


4 


5 


ft 


7 


8 


9 


300 


47712 


727 


741 


756 


770 


784 


799 


813 


828 


842 


301 


857 


871 


885 


900 


914 


929 


943 


958 


972 


986 


302 


48001 


015 


029 


044 


058 


073 


087 


101 


116 


130 


303 


144 


159 


173 


187 


202 


216 


230 


244 


259 


273 


304 


287 


302 


316 


330 


344 


359 


373 


387 


401 


416 


305 


430 


444 


458 


473 


487 


501 


516 


530 


544 


558 


306 


572 i 586 


601 


615 


629 


643 


657 


671 


686 


700 


307 


714 


728 


742 


756 


770 


785 


799 


813 


827 


841 


308 


855 


869 


883 


897 


911 


926 


940 


954 


968 


982 


309 


996 


*010 


*024 


*038 


*052 


*066 


*080 


*094 


*108 


*122 


310 


49136 


150 


164 


178 


192 


206 


220 


234 


248 


262 


311 


276 


290 


304 


318 


332 


346 


360 


374 


388 


402 


312 


415 


429 


443 


457 


471 


485 


499 


513 


527 


541 


313 


554 


568 


582 


596 


610 


624 


638 


651 


665 


679 


314 


693 


707 


721 


734 


748 


762 


776 


790 


803 


817 


315 


831 


845 


859 


872 


886 


900 


914 


927 


941 


955 


316 


969 


982 


996 


*010 


*024 


*037 


*051 


*065 


*079 


*092 


317 


50106 


120 


133 


147 


161 


174 


188 


202 


215 


229 


318 


243 


256 


270 


284 


297 


311 


325 


338 


352 


365 


319 


379 


393 


406 


420 


433 


447 


461 


474 


488 


501 


320 


515 


529 


542 


556 


569 


583 


596 


610 


623 


637 


321 


651 


664 


678 


691 


705 


718 


732 


745 


759 


772 


322 


786 


799 


813 


826 


840 


853 


866 


880 


893 


907 


323 


920 


934 


947 


961 


974 


987 


*001 


*014 


*028 


*041 


324 


51055 


068 


081 


095 


108 


121 


135 


148 


162 


175 


325 


188 


202 


215 


228 


242 


255 


268 


282 


295 


308 


326 


322 


335 


348 


362 


375 


388 


402 


415 


428 


441 


327 


455 


468 


481 


495 


508 


521 


534 


548 


561 


574 


328 


587 


601 


614 


627 


640 


654 


667 


680 


693 


706 


329 


720 


733 


746 


759 


772 


786 


799 


812 


B*f 


838 


330 


851 


865 


878 


891 


904 


917 


930 


943 


957 


970 


331 


983 


996 


*009 


*022 


*035 *048 


*061 


*075 


*088 


101 


332 


52114 


127 


140 


153 


166 


179 


192 


205 


218 


231 


3.33 


244 


257 


270 


284 


297 


310 


323 


336 


349 


362 


334 


375 


388 


401 


414 


427 


440 


453 


466 


479 


492 


335 


504 


517 


530 


543 


556 


569 


582 


595 


608 


621 


336 


634 


647 


660 


673 


686 


699 


711 


724 


737 


750 


337 


763 


776 


789 


802 


815 


827 


840 


853 


866 


879 


338 


892 


905 


917 


930 


943 


956 


969 


982 


994 


007 


339 


53020 


033 


046 


058 


071 


084 


097 


110 


122 


135 



17G 



LOGARITHMS. 








1 


a 


3 


l 


5 


6 


r 


8 





340 


53148 


161 


173 


186 


199 


212 


224 


237 


250 


_><;:{ 


34 i 


275 


288 


301 


314 


326 


339 


352 


364 


377 


390 


342 


403 


415 


428 


441 


453 


466 


479 


491 


504 


517 


343 


529 


542 


555 


567 


580 


598 


605 


618 


$31 


648 


344 


656 


668 


681 


694 


706 


719 


732 


744 


757 


76$ 


345 


782 


794 


807 


820 


832 


845 


857 


870 


882 


895 


346 


908 


920 


933 


945 


958 


970 


983 


995 


*008 


020 


347 


54033 


045 


058 


070 


083 


095 


108 


120 


133 


145 


348 


158 


170 


183 


195 


208 


220 


233 


245 


258 


270 


349 


283 


295 


307 


320 


332 


345 


357 


370 


382 


394 


350 


407 


419 


432 


444 


456 


469 


481 


494 


506 


518 


351 


531 


543 


555 


568 


580 


593 


605 


617 


630 


642 


352 


654 


667 


679 


691 


704 


716 


728 


741 


753 


765 


353 


111 


790 


802 


814 


827 


839 


851 


864 


876 


888 


354 


900 


913 


925 


937 


949 


962 


974 


986 


998 


*011 


355 


55023 


035 


047 


060 


072 


084 


096 


108 


121 


133 


356 


145 


157 


169 


182 


194 


206 


218 


230 


242 


255 


357 


267 


279 


291 


303 


315 


328 


340 


352 


364 


376 


358 


388 


400 


413 


425 


437 


449 


461 


473 


485 


497 


359 


509 


522 


534 


546 


558 


570 


582 


594 


606 


618 


360 


630 


642 


654 


666 


678 


691 


703 


715 


727 


739 


361 


751 


763 


775 


787 


799 


811 


823 


835 


847 


859 


362 


871 


883 


895 


907 


919 


931 


943 


955 


967 


97!) 


363 


991 


*003 


*015 


*027 


*038 


*050 *062 


*074 


*086 


*098 


364 


56110 


122 


134 


146 


158 


170 


182 


194 


205 


217 


365 


229 


241 


253 


265 


277 


289 


301 


312 


324 


336 


366 


348 


360 


372 


384 


396 


407 


419 


431 


443 


455 


367 


467 


478 


490 


502 


514 


526 


538 


549 


561 


573 


368 


585 


597 


608 


620 


632 


644 


656 


667 


679 


691 


369 


703 


714 


726 


738 


750 


761 


773 


785 


797 


808 




. 




















370 


820 


832 


844 


855 


867 


879 


891 


902 


914 


926 


371 


937 


949 


961 


972 


984 


996 


*008 


*019 


*031 


*043 


372 


57054 


066 


078 


089 


101 


113 


124 


136 


148 


159 


373 


171 


183 


194 


206 


217 


229 


241 


258 


264 


276 


374 


287 


299 


310 


322 


334 


345 


357 


368 


380 


392 


375 


403 


415 


426 


438 


449 


461 


473 


484 


496 


507 


376 


519 


530 


542 


553 


565 


576 


588 


600 


611 


623 


377 


634 


646 


657 


669 


680 


692 


703 


715 


726 


73 S 


378 


749 


761 


772 


784 


795 


807 


818 


830 


841 


852 


379 


864 


875 


887 


898 


910 


921 


933 


944 


955 


967 



LOGARITHMS. 



177 





O 


1 


% 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


380 


57978 


990 


*001 


*013 


*024 *035 


*047 


*058 


*070 


*081 


r.si 


58092 


104 


115 


127 


138 i 149 


161 


172 


184 


195 




206 


218 


229 


240 


852 


263 


274 


286 


297 


309 




320 


331 


343 


354 


365 


377 


388 


399 


410 


4 _> _> 


384 


433 


444 


456 


467 


478 


490 


501 


512 


524 


535 






















385 


5 in 


557 


569 


580 


591 


602 


614 


625 


636 


647 




659 


670 


681 


692 


704 


ri5 


726 


737 


749 


760 


387 


771 


782 


794 


805 


81G 


827 


838 


850 


861 


872 


388 


883 


894 


906 


917 


928 939 


950 


961 


973 


984 


389 


995 


*006 


*017 


*028 


*040 


*051 


*062 


*073 


*084 


*095 


300 


59106 


118 


129 


140 


151 


162 


173 


184 


195 


207 


391 


218 


229 


240 


251 


262 


273 


284 


295 


306 


318 


392 


329 


340 


351 


362 


373 384 


85)5 


406 


417 


428 


393 


439 


450 


461 


472 


483 


494 


506 


517 


528 


539 


394 


550 


561 


572 


583 


594 


605 


616 


627 


638 


649 


395 


660 


671 


682 


693 


704 


715 


726 


737 


748 


759 


396 


770 


780 


791 


802 


813 


824 


835 


846 


857 


868 


397 


879 


890 


901 


912 


923 


934 


945 


956 


966 


t77 


398 


988 


999 


*010 


*021 


*032 


*043 


*054 


*065 


*076 


*086 


399 


60097 


108 


119 


130 


141 


152 


163 


173 


184 


195 


400 


206 


217 


22s 


239 


249 


260 


271 


282 


293 


304 


401 


314 


325 


336 


347 


358 


369 


379 


390 


401 


412 


402 


423 


433 


444 


455 


466 


477 


487 


498 


509 


520 


403 


531 


541 


552 


563 


574 


584 


595 


606 


617 


627 


404 


638 


649 


660 


670 


681 


692 


703 


713 


724 


735 


405 


746 


756 


767 


778 


788 


799 


810 


821 


831 


842 


406 


853 


863 


874 


885 


895 


906 


917 


927 


938 


949 


407 


959 


970 


981 


991 


002 


*013 


023 


*034 *045 


*055 


408 


61066 


077 


087 


098 


109 


119 


130 140 


151 


162 


409 


172 


183 


194 


204 


215 


225 


236 


217 


207 


268 


410 


278 


289 


300 


310 


321 


331 


342 


352 


363 


374 


411 


384 


395 


405 


416 


426 


437 


448 


458 


469 


479 


412 


490 


500 


511 


521 


532 


542 


553 


563 


574 


584 


413 


595 


606 


616 


627 


637 


648 


658 


669 


679 


690 


414 


700 


711 


721 


731 


742 


752 


763 


773 


784 


794 


415 


805 


815 


826 


836 


847 


857 


868 


878 


888 


899 


416 


909 


920 


930 


941 


951 


962 


972 


982 


993 


*003 


417 


62014 


024 


034 


045 


055 


066 


076 


086 


097 


107 


418 


118 


128 


138 


149 


159 


170 


180 


190 


201 


211 


419 


221 


232 


242 


252 


263 


273 


284 


294 


304 


315 



178 



LOGARITHMS. 








l 


a 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


420 


62325 


335 


346 


356 


360 


377 


887 


397 


408 


418 


421 


428 


439 


449 


459 


46!) 


480 


41)0 


><)<) 


, r )l 1 


521 


422 


531 


542 


552 


562 


572 


583 


593 


tin;] 


6i;{ 


024 


423 


634 


644 


655 


665 


675 


685 


696 


706 


716 


726 


424 


737 


747 


757 


767 


778 


788 


798 


808 


818 


829 


425 


839 


849 


859 


870 


880 


890 


900 


910 


921 


931 


426 


941 


951 


961 


972 


982 


992 


*002 


*012 


*022 


*033 


427 


63043 


053 


063 


073 


083 


094 


104 


114 


124 


134 


428 


144 


155 


165 


175 


185 


195 


205 


215 


225 


236 


429 


246 


256 


266 


276 


286 


296 


306 


317 


327 


337 


430 


347 


357 


367 


377 


387 


397 


407 


417 


428 


438 


431 


448 


458 


468 


478 


488 


498 


508 


518 


528 


538 


432 


548 


558 


568 


579 


589 


599 


609 


619 


629 


639 


433 


649 


659 


669 


679 


689 


699 


709 


719 


729 


739 


434 


749 


759 


769 


779 


789 


799 


809 


819 


829 


839 


435 


849 


859 


869 


879 


889 


899 


909 


919 


929 


939 


436 


949 


959 


969 


979 


988 


998 


*008 


*018 


*028 


*038 


437 


64048 


058 


068 


078 


088 


098 


108 


118 


128 


137 


438 


147 


157 


167 


177 


187 


197 


207 


217 


227 


237 


439 


246 


256 


266 


276 


286 


296 


306 


316 


326 


335 


440 


345 


355 


365 


375 


385 


395 


404 


414 


424 


431 


441 


444 


454 


464 


473 


483 


493 


503 


513 


523 


5:12 


442 


542 


552 


562 


572 


582 


591 


601 


611 


621 


631 


443 


640 


650 


660 


670 


680 


689 


699 


709 


719 


729 


444 


738 


748 


758 


768 


777 


787 


797 


807 


816 


826 


445 


836 


846 


856 


865 


875 


885 


895 


904 


914 


924 


446 


933 


943 


953 


963 


972 


982 


992 


*002 


*011 


*021 


447 


65031 


040 


050 


060 


070 


079 


089 


099 


108 


118 


448 


128 


137 


147 


157 


167 


176 


186 


196 


205 


215 


449 


225 


234 


244 


254 


263 


273 


283 


292 


302 


312 


450 


321 


331 


341 


350 


360 


369 


379 


389 


398 


408 


451 


418 


427 


437 


447 


456 


466 


475 


485 


495 


504 


452 


514 


523 


533 


543 


552 


562 


571 


581 


591 


600 


453 


610 


619 


629 


639 


648 


658 


667 


677 


686 


696 


454 


706 


715 


725 


734 


744 


753 


763 


772 


782 


792 


455 


801 


811 


820 


830 


839 


849 


858 


868 


877 


887 


456 


896 


906 


916 


925 


935 


944 


954 


963 


973 


982 


457 


992 


*001 


*011 


*020 


*030 


*OS9 


*049 


*058 


*068 


*077 


458 


66087 


096 


106 


115 


124 


134 


143 


153 


162 


172 


459 


181 


191 


200 


210 


219 


229 


238 


247 


257 


266 



LOGARITHMS. 



179 








1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


400 


66276 


285 


295 


304 


314 


323 


332 


342 


351 


361 


461 


370 


380 


389 


398 


403 


417 


427 


436 


445 


455 


462 


464 


474 


483 


492 


502 


511 


521 


530 


539 


549 


463 


558 


567 


577 


586 


596 


605 


614 


624 


633 


642 


464 


652 


661 


671 


680 


689 


699 


708 


717 


727 


736 


465 


745 


755 


764 


773 


783 


792 


801 


811 


820 


829 


466 


839 


848 


857 


867 


876 


885 


894 


904 


913 


922 


467 


932 


941 


950 


960 


969 


978 


987 


997 


*006 


*015 


468 


67025 


034 


043 


052 


062 


071 


080 


089 


099 


108 


469 


117 


127 


136 


145 


154 


164 


173 


182 


191 


201 


470 


210 


219 


228 


237 


247 


256 


265 


274 


284 


293 


471 


302 


311 


321 


330 


339 


348 


357 


367 


376 


385 


472 


394 


403 


413 


422 


431 


440 


449 


459 


468 


477 


473 


486 


495 


504 


514 


523 


532 


541 


550 


560 


569 


474 


578 


587 


596 


605 


614 


624 


633 


642 


651 


660 


47:> 


669 


679 


688 


697 


706 


715 


724 


733 


742 


752 


476 


761 


770 


779 


788 


797 


806 


815 


825 


834 


843 


477 


852 


861 


870 


879 


888 


897 


906 


916 925 


934 


478 


943 


952 


961 


970 


979 


988 


997 


*006 *015 


*024 


479 


68034 


043 


052 


061 


070 


079 


088 


097 


106 


115 


480 


124 


133 


142 


151 


160 


169 


178 


187 


196 


205 


481 


215 


224 


233 


242 


251 


260 


269 


278 


287 


296 


482 


305 


314 


323 


332 


341 


350 


359 


368 


377 


386 


483 


395 


404 


413 


422 


431 


440 


449 


458 


467 


476 


484 


485 


494 


502 


511 


520 


529 


538 


547 


556 


565 


485 


574 


583 


592 


601 


610 


619 


628 


637 


646 


655 


486 


664 


673 


681 


690 


699 


708 


717 


726 


735 


744 


4S7 


753 


762 


771 


780 


789 


797 


806 


815 


824 


833 


488 


842 


851 


860 


869 


878 


886 


895 


904 


913 


922 


489 


931 


940 


949 


958 


966 


975 


984 


993 


*002 


*011 


490 


69020 


028 


037 


046 


055 


064 


073 


082 


090 


099 


491 


108 


117 


126 


135 


144 


152 


161 


170 


179 


188 


492 


197 


205 


214 


223 


232 


241 


249 


258 


267 


276 


493 


285 


294 


302 


311 


320 


329 


.338 


346 


355 


364 


494 


373 


381 


390 


399 


408 


417 


425 


434 


443 


452 


495 


461 


469 


478 


487 


496 


504 


513 


522 


531 


539 


496 


548 


557 


566 


574 


583 


592 


601 


609 


618 


627 


497 


636 


644 


653 


662 


671 


679 


688 


697 


705 


714 


4!>S 


7 2.> 


732 


740 


749 


758 


767 


775 


784 


793 


801 


499 


810 


819 


827 


836 


845 


854 


862 


871 


880 


888 



180 



LOGARITHMS. 








1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


G 


7 


8 


9 


500 


69897 


906 


914 


923 


932 


940 


949 


958 


%0 


975 


501 


984 


992 


*001 


*010 


*018 


*027 


*036 


#044 


*053 *0fi2 


502 


70070 


079 


088 


096 


105 


114 


122 


131 


140 


148 


503 


157 


165 


174 


183 


191 


200 


209 


217 


226 


234 


504 


243 


252 


260 


269 


278 


286 


295 


303 


312 


321 


505 


329 


338 


346 


355 


364 


372 


381 


389 


398 


406 


506 


415 


424 


432 


441 


449 


458 


467 


475 


484 


492 


507 


501 


509 


518 


526 


535 


544 


552 


561 


569 


578 


508 


586 


595 


603 


612 


621 


629 


638 


646 


655 


663 


509 


672 


680 


689 


697 


706 


714 


723 


731 


740 


749 


510 


757 


766 


774 


783 


791 


800 


808 


817 


825 


834 


511 


842 


851 


859 


868 


876 


885 


893 


902 


910 


919 


512 


927 


935 


944 


952 


961 


969 


978 


986 


995 


*003 


513 


71012 


020 


029 


037 


046 


054 


063 


071 


079 


088 


514 


096 


105 


113 


122 


130 


139 


147 


155 


164 


172 


515 


181 


189 


198 


206 


214 


223 


231 


240 


248 


257 


516 


265 


273 


282 


290 


299 


307 


315 


324 


332 


341 


517 


349 


357 


366 


374 


383 


391 


399 


408 


416 


425 


518 


433 


541 


450 


458 


466 


475 


483 


492 


500 


508 


519 


517 


525 


533 


542 


550 


559 


567 


575 


584 


592 


520 


600 


609 


617 


625 


634 


642 


650 


1>59 


667 


675 


521 


684 


692 


700 


709 


717 


725 


734 


742 


750 759 


522 


767 


775 


784 


792 


800 


809 


817 


825 


834 1 842 


523 


850 


858 


867 


875 


883 


892 


900 


908 


917 1 925 


524 


933 


941 


950 


958 


966 


975 


983 


991 


999 


*008 


525 


72016 


024 


032 


041 


049 


057 


066 


074 


082 


090 


526 


099 


107 


115 


123 


132 


140 


148 


156 


165 


173 


527 


181 


189 


198 


206 


214 


222 


230 


239 


247 


255 


528 


263 


272 


280 


288 


296 


304 


313 


321 


329 


337 


529 


346 


354 


362 


370 


378 


387 


395 


403 


411 


419 


530 


428 


436 


444 


452 


460 


469 


477 


485 


493 


501 


531 


509 


518 


526 


534 


542 


550 


558 


567 


575 


583 


532 


591 


599 


607 


616 


624 


632 


640 


648 


656 


(565 


533 


673 


681 


689 


697 


705 


713 


722 


730 


738 


746 


534 


754 


762 


770 


779 


787 


795 


803 


811 


819 


827 


535 


835 


843 


852 


860 


868 


876 


884 


892 


900 


908 


536 


916 


925 


933 


941 


949 


957 


965 


973 


981 


989 


537 


997 


*006 


*014 


*022 


*030 


*038 


*046 


*054 


062 


*070 


:>:?8 


73078 


086 


094 


102 


111 


119 


127 


135 


143 


151 


539 


159 


167 


175 


183 


191 


199 


207 


215 


223 


231 



LOGARITHMS. 



181 








1 


3 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


540 


73239 


247 


255 


263 


272 


280 


288 296 


304 


312 


541 


320 


328 


336 


344 


352 


360 


368 376 


384 


392 


542 


400 


408 


416 


424 


432 


440 


448 456 


464 


472 


543 


480 


488 


496 


504 


512 


520 


528 


536 


544 


552 


544 


560 


568 


576 


584 


592 


600 


608 


616 


624 


632 


545 


640 


648 


656 


664 


672 


679 


687 


695 


703 


711 


546 


719 


727 


735 


743 


751 


759 


767 


775 


783 


791 


547 


799 


807 


815 


823 


830 


838 


846 


854 


862 


870 


548 


878 


886 


894 


902 


910 


918 


926 


933 


941 


949 


549 


957 


965 


973 


981 


989 


997 


*005 


*013 


*020 


*028 


550 


74036 


044 


052 


060 


068 


076 


084 


092 


099 


107 


551 


115 


123 


131 


139 


147 


155 


162 


170 


178 


186 


552 


194 


202, 


210 


218 


225 


233 


241 


249 


257 


265 


553 


273 


280 


288 


296 


304 


312 


320 


327 


335 


343 


554 


351 


359 


367 


374 


382 


390 


398 


406 


414 


421 


555 


429 


437 


445 


453 


461 


468 


476 


484 


492 


500 


556 


507 


515 


523 


531 


539 


547 


554 


562 


570 


578 


557 


586 


593 


601 


609 


617 


624 


632 


640 


648 


656 


558 


663 


671 


679 


687 


695 


702 


710 


718 


726 


733 


559 


741 


749 


757 


764 


772 


780 


788 


796 


803 


811 


560 


819 


827 


834 


842 


850 


858 


865 


873 


881 


889 


561 


896 


904 


912 


920 


927 


935 


943 


950 


958 


966 


562 


974 


981 


989 


997 


*005 


*012 


*020 


*028 


*035 


*043 


563 


75051 


059 


066 


074 


082 


089 


097 


105 


113 


120 


564 


128 


136 


143 


151 


159 


166 


174 


182 


189 


197 


565 


205 


213 


220 


228 


236 


243 


251 


259 


266 


274 


566 


282 


289 


297 


305 


312 


320 


328 


335 


343 


351 


567 


358 


366 


374 


381 


389 


397 


404 


412 


420 


427 


568 


435 


442 


450 


458 


465 


473 


481 


488 


496 


504 


569 


511 


519 


526 


534 


542 


549 


557 


565 


572 


580 


570 


587 


595 


603 


610 


618 


626 


633 


641 


648 


656 


571 


664 


671 


679 


686 


694 


702 


709 


717 


724 


732 


572 


740 


747 


755 


762 


770 


778 


785 


793 


800 


808 


573 


815 


823 


831 


838 


846 


853 


861 


868 


876 


884 


574 


891 


899 


906 


914 


921 


929 


937 


944 


952 


959 


575 


967 


974 


982 


989 


997 


*005 


*012 


*020 


*027 


*035 


576 


76042 


050 


057 


065 


072 


080 


087 


095 


103 


110 


577 


118 


125 


133 


140 


148 


155 


163 


170 


178 


185 


578 


193 


200 


208 


215 


223 


230 


238 


245 


253 


260 


579 


268 


275 


283 


290 


298 


305 


313 


320 


328 


335 



182 



LOGARITHMS. 





o 


1 





3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


580 


76343 


350 


358 


365 


373 


380 


388 


395 


403 


410 


581 


418 


425 


433 


440 


448 


455 


462 


470 


477 


485 


582 


492 


500 


507 


515 


522 


530 


537 


545 


552 


559 


583 


567 


574 


582 


589 


597 


604 


612 


619 


626 


634 


584 


641 


649 


656 


664 


671 


678 


OS G 


693 


701 


708 


585 


716 


723 


730 


738 


745 


753 


760 


768 


775 


782 


586 


790 


797 


805 


812 


819 


827 


834 


842 


849 


856 


587 


864 


871 


879 


886 


893 


901 


908 


916 


929 


936 


588 


938 


945 


953 


960 


967 


975 


982 


989 


997 


*0()4 


589 


77012 


019 


026 


034 


041 


048 


056 


063 


070 


078 


590 


085 


093 


100 


107 


115 


122 


129 


137 


144 


ir>i 


591 


159 


166 


173 


181 


188 


195 


203 


210 


217 


225 


592 


232 


240 


247 


254 


262 


269 


276 


283 


291 


298 


593 


305 


313 


320 


327 


335 


342 


349 


357 


364 


371 


594 


379 


386 


393 


401 


408 


415 


422 


430 


437 


1 11 


595 


452 


459 


466 


474 


481 


488 


495 


503 


510 


517 


596 


525 


532 


539 


546 


554 


561 


568 


576 


583 


590 


597 


597 


605 


612 


619 


627 


634 


641 


648 


656 


663 


598 


670 


677 


685 


692 


699 


706 


714 


721 


728 


735 


599 


743 


750 


757 


764 


772 


779 


786 


793 


801 


808 


600 


815 


822 


830 


837 


844 


851 


859 


866 


873 


880 


601 


887 


895 


902 


909 


916 


924 


931 


938 


945 


952 


602 


960 


967 


974 


981 


988 


996 


*003 


*010 


*017 


*025 


603 


78032 


039 


046 


053 


061 


068 


075 


082 


(IS!) 


097 


604 


104 


111 


118 


125 


132 


140 


147 


154 


161 


168 


605 


176 


183 


190 


197 


204 


211 


219 


226 


233 


240 


606 


247 


254 


262 


269 


276 


283 


290 


297 


305 


312 


607 


319 


326 


333 


340 


347 


355 


362 


369 


376 


383 


608 


390 


398 


405 


412 


419 


426 


433 


440 


447 


455 


609 


462 


469 


476 


483 


490 


497 


504 


512 


519 


526 


610 


533 


540 


547 


554 


561 


569 


576 


583 


590 


597 


611 


604 


611 


618 


625 


633 


640 


647 


654 


661 


668 


612 


675 


682 


689 


696 


704 


711 


718 


725 


732 


739 


613 


746 


753 


760 


767 


774 


781 


789 


796 


80S 


810 


614 


817 


824 


831 


838 


845 


852 


859 


866 


873 


880 


615 


888 


895 


902 


909 


916 


923 


930 


937 


!UI 


9, 51 


616 


958 


965 


972 


979 


986 


993 


*000 


*007 


*014 


*021 


617 


79029 


036 


043 


050 


057 


064 


071 


078 


085 


092 


618 


099 


106 


113 


120 


127 


134 


141 


148 


i f,r> 


162 


619 


169 


176 


183 


190 


197 


204 


211 


218 


225 


232 



LOGARITHMS. 



183 








1 


3 


3 


4 


5 


G 


7 


8 


9 


620 


79239 216 


253 


260 


267 


274 


281 


288 


295 


302 


621 


309 316 


323 


330 


337 


344 


351 


358 


365 


372 


622 


379 


386 


393 


400 


407 


414 


421 


428 


435 


442 


623 


449 


456 


463 


470 


477 


484 


491 


498 


505 


511 


624 


518 


525 


532 


539 


546 


553 


560 


567 


574 


581 


8*6 


588 


595 


602 


609 


616 


623 


630 


637 


644 


650 


62G 


657 G64 


671 


678 


685 


692 


699 


706 


713 


720 


S27 


727 


734 


741 


748 


754 


761 


768 


775 


782 


789 


628 


796 i 803 


810 


817 


824 


831 


837 


844 


851 


858 


629 


865 


872 


879 


886 


893 


900 


906 


913 


920 


927 


630 


934 


941 


948 


955 


962 


969 


975 


982 


989 


996 


631 


80003 


010 


017 


024 


030 


037 


044 


051 


058 


065 


632 


072 


079 


085 


092 


099 


106 


113 


120 


127 


134 


633 


140 


147 


154 


161 


168 


175 


182 


188 


195 


202 


63-i 


209 


216 


223 


229 


236 


243 


250 


257 


264 


271 


635 


277 


284 


291 


298 


305 


312 


318 


325 


332 


339 


63(J 


346 


353 


359 


366 


373 


380 


387 


393 


400 


407 


637 


414 


421 


428 


434 


441 


448 


455 


462 


468 


475 


638 


482 


489 


496 


502 


509 


516 


523 


530 


536 


543 


639 


550 


557 


564 


570 


577 


584 


591 


598 


604 


611 


640 


618 


625 


632 


638 


645 


652 


659 


665 


672 


679 


641 


686 


693 


699 


706 


713 


720 


726 


733 


740 


747 


642 


754 


760 


767 


774 


781 


787 


794 


801 


808 


814 


643 


821 


828 


835 


841 


848 


855 


862 


868 


8/5 


882 


644 


889 


895 


902 


909 


916 


922 


929 


936 


943 


949 


645 


956 


963 


969 


976 


983 


990 


996 *003 


*010 


*017 


646 


81023 


030 


037 


043 


050 


057 


064 


070 


077 


084 


647 


090 


097 


104 


111 


117 


124 


131 


137 


144 


151 


648 


158 


164 


171 


178 


184 


191 


198 


204 


211 


218 


649 


224 


231 


238 


245 


251 


258 


265 


271 


278 


285 


650 


291 


298 


305 


311 


318 


325 


331 


338 


345 


351 


651 


358 


365 


371 


378 


385 


391 


398 


405 


411 


418 


652 


425 


431 


438 


445 


451 


458 


465 


471 


478 


4 So 


653 


491 


498 


505 


511 


518 


525 


531 


538 


544 


551 


654 


558 


564 


571 


578 


584 


591 


598 


604 


611 


617 


655 


624 


631 


637 


644 


651 


657 


664 


671 


677 


(184 


656 


690 


697 


704 


710 


717 


723 


730 


737 


743 


750 


657 


757 


763 


770 


776 


783 


790 


796 


803 


809 


81 G 


658 


823 


829 


836 


842 


849 


856 


862 


869 


875 


882 


659 


889 


895 


902 


908 


915 


921 


928 


935 


941 


948 



184 



LOGARITHMS. 








1 


a 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


660 


81954 


961 


968 


974 


981 


987 


994 


*0( 


403 


410 


661 


82020 


027 


033 


040 


046 


053 


060 


OG : ;? 7 , 


485 


662 


086 


092 


099 


105 


112 


119 


125 


131 5o ? 


559 


663 


151 


158 


164 


171 


178 


184 


191 


197 20-* 


634 


664 


217 


223 


230 


236 


243 


249 


256 


263 ( J 


708 


665 


282 


289 


295 


302 


308 


315 


321 


o 9l 775 

O Zi . n i n 


7S2 


666 


347 


354 


360 


367 


373 


380 


387 


on- s !l 

O J r> . _ _ - 


856 


667 


413 


419 


426 


432 


439 


445 


452 


458. 


923 


930 


668 


478 


484 


491 


497 


504 


510 


517 


52 


997 


*004 


669 


543 


549 


556 


562 


569 


575 


582 


58 


070 


078 


670 


607 


614 


620 


627 


633 


640 


646 


65 


144 


151 


671 


672 


679 


685 


692 


698 


705 


711 


7 It 


217 


225 


672 


737 


743 


750 


756 


763 


769 


776 


78"! 


291 


298 


673 


802 


808 


814 


821 


827 


834 


840 


84 ," 


364 


371 


674 


866 


872 


879 


885 


892 


898 


905 


9K U437 


444 


675 


930 


937 


943 


950 


956 


963 


969 


975 


982 


988 


676 


995 


*001 


*008 


*014 


*020 


*027 


*033 


*040 


*046 


*052 


677 


83059 


065 


072 


078 


085 


091 


097 


104 


110 


117 


678 


123 


129 


136 


142 


149 


155 


161 


168 


174 


181 


679 


187 


193 


200 


206 


213 


219 


225 


23^ 


238 


245 


680 


251 


257 


264 


270 


276 


283 


289 


296 


302 


308 


681 


315 


321 


327 


334 


340 


347 


353 


359 


366 


372 


682 


378 


385 


391 


398 


404 


410 


417 


423 


429 


436 


683 


442 


448 


455 


461 


467 


474 


480 


487 


493 


499 


684 


506 


512 


518 


525 


531 


537 


544 


550 


556 


563 


685 


569 


575 


582 


588 


594 


601 


607 


613 


620 


626 


686 


632 


639 


645 


651 


658 


664 


670 


677 


683 


689 


687 


696 


702 


708 


715 


721 


727 


734 


740 


746 


753 


688 


759 


765 


771 


778 


784 


790 


797 


803 


809 


816 


689 


822 


828 


835 


841 


847 


853 


860 


866 


872 


879 


690 


885 


891 


897 


904 


910 


916 


923 


929 


935 


942 


691 


948 


954 


960 


967 


973 


979 


985 


992 


998 


*004 


692 


84011 


017 


023 


029 


036 


042 


048 


055 


061 


067 


693 


073 


080 


086 


092 


098 


105 


111 


117 


123 


130 


694 


136 


142 


148 


155 


161 


167 


173 


180 


186 


192 


605 


198 


205 


211 


217 


223 


230 


236 


242 


248 


255 


696 


261 


267 


273 


280 


2<S6 


292 


298 


305 


311 


317 


697 


323 


330 


336 


342 


348 


354 


361 


367 


373 


379 


698 


386 


392 


398 


404 


410 


417 


423 


429 


435 


442 


699 


448 


454 


460 


466 


473 


479 


485 


491 


497 


504 



LOGARITHMS. 



185 










2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 




620 


70939 i6 


522 


528 


535 


541 


547 


553 


559 


566 




6 21 


:. 78 


584 


590 


597 


603 


609 


615 


621 


628 




V) JL 

)-) 


(40 


646 


652 


658 


665 


671 


627 


683 


689 




t)/^ 

023 


. U 702 


708 


714 


720 


726 


733 


739 


745 


751 




624 


r *7 i 763 


770 


776 


782 


788 


794 


800 


807 


813 




625 


58, S25 


831 


837 


844 


850 


856 


862 


868 


874 




626 


6-- 387 


893 


899 


905 


911 


917 


924 


930 


936 




(> 2 7 


-., 948 


954 


960 


967 


973 


979 


985 


991 


997 




628 


79C 009 


016 


022 


028 


034 


040 


046 


052 


058 




629 


86c ?! 


077 


083 


089 


095 


101 


107 


114 


120 




630 


93J - 22 


138 


144 


150 


156 


163 


169 


175 


181 




631 


80003 * 93 


199 


205 


211 


217 


224 


230 


236 


242 




632 


07:254 


260 


266 


272 


278 


285 


291 


297 


303 




633 


I4f w 


321 


327 


333 


339 


345 


352 


358 


364 




634 


2 876 


382 


388 


394 


400 


406 


412 


418 


425 








431 


437 


443 


449 


455 


461 


467 


473 


479 


485 


716 


491 


497 


503 


509 


516 


522 


528 


534 


540 


546 


717 


552 


558 


564 


570 


576 


582 


588 


594 


600 


606 


718 


612 


618 


625 


631 


637 


643 


649 


655 


661 


667 


719 


673 


679 


685 


691 


697 


703 


709 


715 


721 


727 

























720 


733 


739 


745 


751 


757 


763 


769 


775 


781 


788 


721 


794 


800 


806 


812 


818 


824 


830 


836 


842 


848 


722 


854 


860 


866 


872 


878 


884 


890 


896 


902 


908 


723 


914 


920 


926 


932 


938 


944 


950 


956 


962 


968 


724 


974 


980 


986 


992 


998 


*004 


*010 


*016 


*022 


*028 


725 


86034 


040 


046 


052 


058 


064 


070 


076 


082 


088 


726 


094 


100 


106 


112 


118 


124 


130 


136 


141 


147 


727 


153 


159 


165 


171 


177 


183 


189 


195 


201 


207 


728 


213 


219 


225 


231 


237 


243 


249 


255 


261 


267 


729 


273 


279 


285 


291 


297 


303 


308 


314 


320 


326 


730 


332 


338 


344 


350 


356 


362 


368 


374 


380 


386 


731 


392 


398 


404 


410 


415 


421 


427 


433 


439 


445 


732 


451 


457 


463 


469 


475 


481 


487 


493 


499 


504 


733 


510 


516 


522 


528 


534 


540 


546 


552 


558 


564 


734 


570 


576 


581 


587 


593 


599 


605 


611 


617 


623 


735 


629 


635 


641 


646 


652 


658 


664 


670 


676 


682 


736 


688 


694 


700 


705 


711 


717 


723 


729 


735 


741 


737 


747 


753 


759 


764 


770 


776 


782 


788 


794 


800 


738 


806 


812 


817 


823 


829 


835 


841 


847 


853 


859 


739 


864 


870 


876 


882 


888 


894 


900 


906 


911 


917 



186 



LOGARITHMS. 








I 


3 


3 


* 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


740 


86923 


929 


935 


941 


947 


953 


958 


964 


970 


976 


741 


982 


988 


994 


999 


*005 


*011 


*017 


*023 


*029 


*035 


742 


87040 


046 


052 


058 


064 


070 


075 


081 


087 


093 


743 


099 


105 


111 


116 


122 


128 


134 


140 


146 


151 


744 


157 


163 


169 


175 


181 


186 


192 


198 


204 


210 


745 


216 


221 


227 


233 


239 


245 


251 


256 


262 


268 


746 


274 


280 


286 


291 


297 


303 


309 


315 


320 


326 


747 


332 


338 


344 


349 


355 


361 


367 


373 


379 


384 


748 


390 


396 


402 


408 


413 


419 


425 


431 


437 


442 


749 


448 


454 


460 


466 


471 


477 


483 


489 


495 


500 


750 


506 


512 


518 


523 


529 


535 


541 


547 


552 


558 


751 


564 


570 


576 


581 


587 


593 


599 


604 


610 


616 


752 


622 


628 


633 


639 


645 


651 


656 


662 


668 


674 


753 


679 


685 


691 


697 


703 


708 


714 


720 


726 


731 


754 


737 


743 


749 


754 


760 


766 


772 


777 


783 


789 


755 


795 


800 


806 


812 


818 


823 


829 


835 


841 


846 


756 


852 


858 


864 


869 


875 


881 


887 


992 


898 


904 


757 


910 


915 


921 


927 


933 


938 


944 


950 


955 


961 


758 


967 


973 


978 


984 


990 


996 


*001 


*007 


*013 


*018 


759 


88024 


030 


036 


041 


047 


053 


058 


064 


070 


076 


760 


081 


087 


093 


098 


104 


110 


116 


121 


127 


133 


761 


138 


144 


150 


156 


161 


167 


173 


178 


184 


190 


762 


195 


201 


207 


213 


218 


224 


230 


235 


241 


247 


763 


252 


258 


264 


270 


275 


281 


287 


292 


298 


304 


764 


309 


315 


321 


326 


332 


338 


343 


349 


355 


360 


765 


366 


372 


377 


383 


389 


395 


400 


406 


412 


417 


766 


423 


429 


434 


440 


446 


451 


457 


463 


468 


474 


767 


480 


485 


491 


497 


502 


508 


513 


519 


525 


530 


768 


536 


542 


547 


553 


559 


504 


570 


576 


581 


587 


769 


593 


598 


604 


610 


615 


621 


627 


632 


638 


643 


770 


649 


655 


660 


666 


672 


677 


683 


689 


694 


700 


771 


705 


711 


717 


722 


728 


734 


739 


745 


750 


756 


772 


762 


767 


773 


779 


784 


790 


795 


801 


807 


812 


773 


818 


824 


829 


835 


840 


846 


852 


857 


863 


868 


774 


874 


880 


885 


891 


897 


902 


908 


913 


919 


925 


775 


930 


936 


941 


947 


953 


958 


964 


969 


975 


981 


776 


986 


992 


997 


*003 


*009 


*014 


*020 


*025 


*031 


*o:57 


777 


89042 


048 


053 


059 


064 


070 


076 


081 


087 


092 


778 


098 


104 


109 


115 


120 


126 


131 


137 


143 


118 


779 


154 


159 


165 


170 


176 


182 


187 


193 


198 


204 



LOGARITHMS. 



187 








1 


a 




3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


780 


89209 


215 


221 


226 


232 


237 


243 


248 


254 


260 


781 


265 


271 


276 


282 


287 


293 


298 


304 


310 


315 


782 


321 


326 


332 


337 


343 


348 


354 


360 


365 


371 


783 


376 


382 


387 


393 


398 


404 


409 


415 


421 


426 


784 


432 


437 


443 


448 


454 


459 


465 


470 


476 


481 


785 


487 


492 


498 


504 


509 


515 


520 


526 


531 


537 


786 


542 


548 


553 


559 


564 


570 


575 


581 


586 


592 


787 


597 


603 


609 


614 


620 


625 


631 


636 


642 


647 


788 


653 


658 


664 


669 


675 


680 


686 


691 


697 


702 


789 


708 


713 


719 


724 


730 


735 


741 


746 


752 


757 


790 


763 


768 


774 


779 


785 


790 


796 


801 


807 


812 


791 


818 


823 


829 


834 


840 


845 


851 


856 


862 


867 


.792 


873 


878 


883 


889 


894 


900 


905 


911 


916 


922 


793 


927 


933 


938 


944 


949 


955 


960 


966 


971 


977 


794 


982 


988 


993 


998 


*004 


*009 


*015 


*020 


*026 


*031 


795 


90037 


042 


048 


053 


059 


064 


069 


075 


080 


086 


796 


091 


097 


102 


108 


113 


119 


124 


129 


135 


140 


797 


146 


151 


157 


162 


168 


173 


179 


184 


189 


195 


798 


200 


206 


211 


217 


222 


227 


233 


238 


244 


249 


799 


255 


260 


266 


271 


276 


282 


287 


293 


298 


304 


800 


309 


314 


320 


325 


331 


336 


342 


347 


352 


358 


801 


363 


369 


374 


380 


385 


390 


396 


401 


407 


412 


802 


417 


423 


428 


434 


339 


445 


450 


455 


461 


466 


803 


472 


477 


482 


488 


493 


499 


504 


509 


515 


520 


804 


526 


531 


536 


542 


547 


553 


558 


563 


569 


574 


805 


580 


585 


590 


596 


601 


607 


612 


617 


623 


628 


806 


634 


639 


644 


650 


655 


660 


666 


671 


677 


682 


807 


687 


693 


698 


703 


709 


714 


720 


725 


730 


736 


808 


741 


747 


752 


757 


763 


768 


773 


779 


784 


789 


809 


795 


800 


806 


811 


816 


822 


827 


832 


838 


843 


810 


849 


854 


859 


865 


870 


875 


881 


886 


891 


897 


811 


902 


907 


913 


818 


924 


929 


934 


940 


945 


950 


812 


956 


961 


966 


972 


977 


982 


988 


993 


998 


*004 


813 


91009 


014 


020 


025 


030 


036 


041 


046 


052 


057 


814 


062 


068 


073 


078 


084 


089 


094 


100 


105 


110 


815 


116 


121 


126 


132 


137 


142 


148 


153 


158 


164 


816 


169 


174 


180 


185 


190 


196 


201 


206 


212 


217 


817 


222 


228 


233 


238 


243 


249 


254 


259 


265 


270 


818 


275 


281 


386 


291 


297 


302 


307 


312 


318 


323 


819 


328 


334 


339 


344 


350 


355 


360 


365 


371 


376 



188 



LOGARITHMS. 








1 


3 


3 





5 


| 


7 


8 


9 


820 


91381 


387 


392 


397 


403 


408 


413 


418 


424 


429 


821 


434 


440 


445 


450 


455 


461 


466 


471 


477 


482 


822 


487 


492 


498 


503 


508 


514 


519 


524 


529 


535 


823 


540 


545 


551 


556 


561 


566 


572 


577 


582 


587 


824 


593 


598 


603 


609 


614 


619 


624 


630 


635 


640 


825 


645 


651 


656 


661 


666 


672 


677 


682 


687 


693 


826 


698 


703 


709 


714 


719 


724 


730 


735 


740 


745 


827 


751 


756 


761 


766 


772 


777 


782 


787 


793 


798 


828 


803 


808 


814 


819 


824 


829 


834 


840 


845 


850 


829 


855 


861 


866 


871 


876 


882 


887 


892 


897 


903 


830 


908 


913 


918 


924 


929 


934 


939 


944 


950 


955 


831 


960 


965 


971 


976 


981 


986 


991 


997 


*002 


*007 


832 


92012 


018 


023 


028 


033 


038 


044 


049 


054 


059 


833 


065 


070 


075 


080 


085 


091 


096 


101 


106 


111 


834 


117 


122 


127 


132 


137 


143 


148 


153 


158 


163 


835 


169 


174 


179 


184 


189 


195 


200 


205 


210 


215 


836 


221 


226 


231 


236 


241 


247 


252 


257 


262 


267 


837 


273 


278 


283 


288 


293 


298 


304 


309 


314 


319 


838 


324 


330 


335 


340 


345 


350 


355 


361 


366 


371 


839 


376 


381 


387 


392 


397 


402 


407 


412 


418 


423 


840 


428 


433 


438 


443 


449 


454 


459 


464 


469 


474 


841 


480 


485 


490 


495 


500 


505 


511 


516 


521 


526 


842 


531 


536 


542 


547 


552 


557 


562 


567 


572 


578 


843 


583 


588 


593 


598 


603 


609 


614 


619 


624 


629 


844 


634 


639 


645 


650 


655 


660 


665 


670 


675 


681 


845 


686 


691 


696 


701 


706 


711 


716 


722 


727 


732 


846 


737 


742 


747 


752 


758 


763 


768 


773 


778 


783 


847 


788 


793 


799 


804 


809 


814 


819 


824 


829 


834 


848 


840 


845 


850 


855 


860 


865 


870 


875 


881 


886 


849 


891 


896 


901 


906 


911 


916 


921 


927 


932 


937 


850 


942 


947 


952 


957 


962 


967 


973 


978 


983 


988 


851 


993 


998 


*003 


*008 


*013 


*018 


*024 


*029 


*034 


*039 


852 


93044 


049 


054 


059 


064 


069 


075 


080 


085 


090 


853 


095 


100 


105 


110 


115 


120 


125 


131 


136 


141 


854 


146 


151 


156 


161 


166 


171 


176 


181 


186 


192 


855 


197 


202 


207 


212 


217 


222 


227 


232 


237 


242 


856 


247 


252 


258 


263 


268 


273 


278 


283 


288 


293 


857 


298 


303 


308 


313 


318 


323 


328 


334 


339 


344 


858 


349 


354 


359 


364 


369 


374 


379 


384 


389 


394 


859 


399 


404 


409 


414 


420 


425 


430 


435 


440 


445 



LOGARITHMS. 



180 








1 


3 


3 


4 


5 





7 


8 


9 


860 


93450 


455 


460 


465 


470 


475 


480 I 485 


490 


495 


861 


500 


505 


510 


515 


520 


526 


531 ! 536 


541 


546 


862 


551 


556 


561 


566 


571 


576 


581 i 586 


591 


596 


863 


601 


606 


611 


616 


621 


626 


631 636 


641 


646 


864 


651 


56 


661 


666 


671 


676 


682 


687 


692 


Gl>7 


865 


702 


707 


712 


717 


722 


727 


732 


737 


742 


747 


866 


75) 


757 


762 


767 


772 


777 


782 


787 


792 


797 


867 


802 


807 


812 


817 


822 


827 


832 


837 


842 


847 


868 


852 


857 


862 


867 


872 


877 


882 


887 


892 


897 


869 


902 


907 


912 


917 


922 


927 


932 


937 


942 


947 


870 


952 


957 


962 


967 


972 


977 


982 


987 


992 


997 


871 


94002 


007 


012 


017 


022 


027 


032 


037 


042 


047 


872 


052 


057 


062 


067 


072 


077 


082 


086 


091 


096 


873 


101 


roe 


111 


116 


121 


126 


131 


136 


141 


146 


874 


151 


156 


161 


166 


171 


176 


181 


186 


191 


196 


875 


201 


206 


211 


216 


221 


226 


231 


236 


240 


245 


876 


250 


255 


260 


265 


270 


275 


280 


285 


290 


295 


877 


300 


305 


310 


315 


320 


325 


330 


335 


340 


345 


878 


349 


354 


359 


364 


369 


374 


379 


384 


389 


394 


879 


399 


404 


409 


414 


419 


424 


429 


433 


438 


443 


880 


448 


453 


458 


463 


468 


473 


478 


483 


488 


493 


881 


498 


503 


507 


512 


517 


522 


527 


532 


537 


542 


882 


547 


552 


557 


562 


567 


571 


576 


581 


586 


591 


883 


596 


601 


606 


611 


616 


721 


626 


630 


635 


640 


884 


645 


650 


655 


660 


665 


670 


675 


680 


685 


689 


885 


694 


699 


704 


709 


714 


719 


724 


729 


734 


738 


886 


743 


748 


753 


758 


763 


768 


773 


778 


783 


787 


887 


792 


797 


802 


807 


812 


817 


822 


827 


832 


836 


888 


841 


846 


851 


856 


861 


866 


871 


876 


880 


885 


889 


890 


895 


900 


905 


910 


915 


919 


924 


929 


934 


890 


939 


944 


949 


954 


959 


963 


968 


073 


978 


983 


891 


988 


993 


998 


*002 *007 


*012 


*017 


*022 


*027 


*032 


892 


95036 


041 


046 


051 


056 


061 


Otfii 


071 


075 


080 


893 


085 


090 


095 


100 


105 


109 


114 


119 


124 


129 


894 


134 


139 


143 


148 


153 


158 


163 


168 


173 


177 


895 


182 


187 


192 


197 


202 


207 


211 


216 


2-21 


226 


896 


231 


236 


240 


245 


250 


255 


260 


265 


270 


274 


897 


279 


284 


289 


294 


299 


303 


308 


313 


318 


423 


898 


328 


S*J 


337 


342 


347 


352 


357 


361 


366 


371 


899 


376 


381 


386 


390 


395 


400 


405 


410 


415 


419 



100 



LOGARITHMS. 





o 


1 


a 


3 


1 


5 


G 


7 


8 





900 


95424 


429 


434 


439 


444 


448 


453 


458 


463 


468 


901 


472 


477 


482 


487 


492 


497 


501 


506 


511 


516 


902 


521 


525 


530 


535 


540 


545 


550 


554 


559 


564 


903 


569 


574 


578 


583 


588 


593 


598 


602 


607 


612 


904 


617 


622 


626 


631 


636 


641 


646 


650 


655 


660 


905 


665 


670 


674 


679 


684 


689 


694 


698 


703 


708 


906 


713 


718 


722 


727 


732 


737 


742 


746 


751 


756 


907 


761 


766 


770 


775 


780 


785 


789 


794 


799 


804 


908 


809 


813 


818 


823 


828 


832 


837 


842 


847 


852 


909 


856 


861 


866 


871 


875 


880 


885 


890 


895 


899 


910 


904 


909 


914 


918 


923 


928 


933 


938 


942 


947 


911 


952 


957 


961 


966 


971 


976 


980 


985 


990 


995 


912 


999 


*004 


*009 


*014 


*019 


*023 


*028 


*033 


*038 


*042 


913 


96047 


052 


057 


061 


066 


071 


076 


080 


085 


090 


914 


095 


099 


104 


109 


114 


118 


123 


128 


133 


137 


915 


142 


147 


152 


156 


161 


166 


171 


175 


180 


185 


916 


190 


194 


199 


204 


209 


213 


218 


223 


227 


232 


917 


237 


242 


246 


251 


256 


261 


265 


270 


275 


280 


918 


284 


289 


294 


298 


303 


308 


313 


317 


322 


327 


919 


332 


336 


341 


346 


350 


355 


360 


365 


369 


374 


920 


379 


384 


388 


393 


398 


402 


407 


412 


417 


421 


921 


426 


431 


435 


440 


445 


450 


454 


459 


464 


468 


922 


473 


478 


483 


487 


492 


497 


501 


506 


511 


515 


923 


520 


525 


530 


534 


539 


544 


548 


553 


558 


562 


924 


567 


572 


577 


581 


586 


591 


595 


600 


605 


609 


925 


614 


619 


624 


628 


633 


638 


642 


647 


652 


656 


926 


661 


666 


670 


675 


680 


685 


689 


694 


699 


703 


927 


708 


713 


717 


722 


727 


731 


736 


741 


745 


750 


928 


755 


759 


764 


769 


774 


778 


783 


788 


792 


797 


929 


802 


806 


811 


816 


820 


825 


830 


834 


839 


844 


930 


848 


853 


858 


862 


867 


872 


876 


881 


886 


890 


931 


895 


900 


904 


909 


914 


918 


923 


928 


932 


937 


932 


942 


946 


951 


956 


960 


965 


970 


974 


979 


984 


933 


988 


993 


997 


*002 


*007 


*011 


*016 


*021 


*025 


*030 


934 


97035 


039 


044 


049 


053 


058 


063 


067 


072 


077 


935 


081 


086 


090 


095 


100 


104 


109 


114 


118 


123 


936 


128 


132 


137 


142 


146 


151 


155 


160 


165 


169 


937 


174 


179 


183 


188 


192 


197 


202 


206 


211 


216 


938 


220 


225 


230 


234 


239 


243 


248 


253 


257 


262 


939 


267 


271 


276 


280 


285 


290 


294 


299 


304 


308 



LOGARITHMS. 



191 








1 


a 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


940 


97313 


317 


322 


327 


331 


336 


340 


345 


350 


354 


941 


359 


364 


368 


373 


377 


382 


387 


391 


396 


400 


942 


405 


410 


414 


419 


424 


428 


433 


437 


442 


447 


943 


451 


456 


460 


465 


470 


474 


479 


483 


488 


493 


944 


497 


502 


506 


511 


516 


520 


525 


529 


534 


539 


945 


543 


548 


552 


557 


562 


566 


571 


575 


580 


585 


946 


589 


594 


598 


603 


607 


612 


617 


621 


626 


630 


947 


635 


640 


644 


649 


653 


658 


663 


667 


672 


676 


948 


681 


685 


690 


695 


699 


704 


708 


713 


717 


722 


949 


727 


731 


736 


740 


745 


749 


754 


759 


763 


768 


950 


772 


777 


782 


786 


791 


795 


800 


804 


809 


813 


951 


818 


823 


827 


832 


836 


841 


845 


850 


855 


859 


952 


864 


868 


873 


877 


882 


886 


891 


896 


900 


905 


953 


909 


914 


918 


923 


928 


932 


937 


941 


946 


950 


954 


955 


959 


964 


968 


973 


978 


982 


987 


991 


996 


955 


98000 


005 


009 


014 


019 


023 


028 


032 


037 


041 


956 


046 


050 


055 


959 


064 


068 


073 


078 


082 


087 


957 


091 


096 


100 


105 


109 


114 


118 


123 


127 


132 


958 


137 


141 


146 


150 


155 


159 


164 


168 


173 


177 


959 


182 


186 


191 


195 


200 


204 


209 


214 


218 


223 


960 


227 


232 


236 


241 


245 


250 


254 


259 


2G3 


268 


961 


272 


277 


281 


286 


290 


295 


299 


304 


308 


313 


962 


318 


322 


327 


331 


336 


340 


345 


349 


354 


358 


963 


363 


367 


372 


376 


381 


385 


390 


394 


399 


403 


964 


408 


412 


417 


421 


426 


430 


435 


439 


444 


448 


965 


453 


457 


462 


466 


471 


475 


480 


484 


489 


493 


966 


498 


502 


507 


511 


516 


520 


525 


529 


534 


538 


967 


543 


547 


552 


556 


561 


565 


570 


574 


579 


583 


968 


588 


592 


597 


601 


605 


610 


614 


6l9 


623 


628 


969 


632 


637 


641 


646 


650 


655 


659 


664 


668 


673 


970 


677 


682 


686 


691 


695 


700 


704 


709 


713 


717 


971 


722 


726 


731 


735 


740 


744 


749 


753 


758 


762 


;;_> 


767 


771 


776 


780 


784 


789 


793 


798 


802 


807 


973 


811 


816 


820 


825 


829 


834 


838 


843 


847 


851 


974 


856 


860 


865 


869 


874 


878 


883 


887 


892 


896 


975 


900 


905 


909 


914 


918 


923 


927 


932 


936 


941 


976 


945 


949 


954 


958 


963 


967 


972 


976 


981 


985 


977 


989 


994 


998 


*003 


*007 


*012 


*016 


*021 


*025 


*029 


978 


99034 


038 


043 


047 


052 


056 


061 


065 


069 


074 


979 


078 


083 


087 


092 


096 


100 


105 


109 


114 


118 



192 



LOGARITHMS. 








1 


a 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


980 


99123 


127 


131 


136 


140 


145 


149 


154 


158 


162 


981 


167 


171 


176 


180 


185 


189 


193 


198 


202 


207 


982 


211 


216 


220 


224 


229 


233 


238 


242 


247 


251 


983 


255 


260 


264 


269 


273 


277 


282 


286 


291 


295 


984 


300 


304 


308 


313 


317 


322 


326 


330 


335 


339 


985 


344 


348 


352 


357 


361 


366 


370 


374 


379 


383 


986 


388 


392 


396 


401 


405 


410 


414 


419 


423 


427 


987 


432 


436 


441 


445 


449 


454 


458 


463 


467 


471 


988 


476 


480 


484 


489 


493 


498 


502 


506 


511 


515 


989 


520 


524 


528 


533 


537 


542 


546 


550 


555 


559 


990 


564 


568 


572 


577 


581 


585 


590 


594 


599 


603 


991 


607 


612 


616 


621 


625 


629 


634 


638 


642 


647 


992 


651 


656 


660 


664 


669 


673 


677 


682 


686 


691 


993 


695 


699 


704 


708 


712 


717 


721 


726 


730 


734 


994 


739 


743 


747 


752 


756 


760 


765 


769 


774 


778 


995 


782 


787 


791 


795 


800 


804 


808 


813 


817 


822 


996 


826 


830 


835 


839 


843 


848 


852 


856 


861 


865 


997 


870 


874 


878 


883 


887 


891 


896 


900 


904 


909 


998 


913 


917 


922 


926 


930 


935 


939 


944 


948 


952 


999 


957 


961 


965 


970 


974 


978 


983 


987 


991 


996 




14 DAY USE 

RETURN TO DESK FROM WHICH BORROWED I 

LOAN DEPT. 

j 
This book is due on the last date stamped below, or 

on the date to which renewed. 
Renewed books are subject to immediate recall. 






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(i !369 




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fornia 
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