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Full text of "Chicanismo en el arte : [exhibition] May 6-25, 1975, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Leo S. Bing Center"

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LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM ^^^^J^^^ 

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Chicanismo 
en el arte 



L7 AS 



This catalog has been generously supported by Great 
Western Savings and Loan Association; Joan Palevsky; 
Shiva, Inc.; and a group of Trustees. Los Angeles County 
Museum of Art. 



Chicanismo en el arte 



May 6-25, 1975 

Los Angeles County Museum of Art 

Leo S. Bing Center— First Level 

3 



Acknowledgments 



Many people have offered enthusiastic concern 
and support for this project from its earliest 
stages. Others have been generous with planning 
advice and have assisted in encouraging young 
artists to participate. And from the beginning it 
has been a truly cooperative venture with East 
Los Angeles College. Sincere gratitude is 
expressed to all those listed below who have 
made both catalog and exhibition possible. 



Margo Albert 
James Allen 
Carlos Almaraz 
Terry Bell 
Ruth Bowman 
Sister Karen Boccalero 
Carlos Bueno 
Philippa Calnan 
Robert Castaneda 
Paul Colon 
Kenneth Donahue 
Edmund D. Edelman 
Patrick Ela 
Cecil Fergerson 
Camilla Frost 
Shifra Goldman 
Sid Greenberg 
Nancy Grubb 
Ruby Hanan 
Judith Elena Hernandez 
Roger Holquin 
Josine lanco-Starrels 
Jodee Kishiyama 
Raul Lopez 
Gilbert Lujan 
Tawnee Morlidge 
Joan Palevsky 
David Ramirez 
Esther Renteria 
Ralph Rivet 
Armando Rodriguez 
Richard Santillan 
Tom Silliman 
Saul Solache 
Rexford Stead 
Lillian Weiner 
Robert Wilson 
Carl Vance 
Rudy Valles 



LIBRARY 
LOS ANGELES COUNTY MUSEUM Oi A..: 



I 

Chicanismo en el arte 



If chicanismo is an identifiable though varied 
characteristic in art, this show of more than 
seventy objects suggests both its vigor and its 
diversity. Work by thirty-one young ( 17-26) 
Chicano artists was selected from a considerably 
larger number of entries. Twelve schools in Los 
Angeles are represented, as well as a group 
known as Asco. Open to Chicano students 
throughout Los Angeles County the juried 
exhibition was conceived and developed as a 
cooperative project of East Los Angeles College 
and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. 

Diversity of approach in both intention and 
medium is immediately apparent. Often media 
are mi.xed or used innovatively, although 
painting, sculpture, printmaking, photography, 
and ceramics are also seen traditionally. 
Intentions range from primarily formal concerns 
to poetic or macabre fantasy to statements of 
anger, frustration, indignation, and outrage. 

Carlos Barajas (Occidental College) and 
Robert Gil de Montes (Otis Art Institute) 
explore formal and coloristic alternatives. 
Barajas, in an engraving called Obvious, uses a 
grid of white dots in relief against a cream 
background: and in a cool, almost square 
painting, two "windows"— the upper applied to 
the canvas is pale green and the lower a 
reflective rectangle of opaque white plexiglass 
behind the cut out canvas— are surrounded by a 
field of close, high-valued hues freely layered in 
a drip technique. In Pellon #11 Gil de Montes 
alternates short painterly green lines with an 
occasional red one in nine rows, the last of tan 
and red, held by a continuous green line running 
vertically on either side, on a black pellon 
ground. 

Printmaking with representational references 
to barrio life, surreal or symbolic aims, is well 
represented by John Otero, Maria De La Rosa, 
Theodore Sandoval (California State University, 
Long Beach), and Frank Duarte (California 
State University, Los Angeles). Three 
photographs by Ernie Arbizo (Pomona College) 
offer distinct observations: people at mass, a 
mannequin in sunglasses and plumed hat amid 
a profusion of objects, an old woman asleep, 
slumped and disheveled in the rigidity of a 
station waiting room seat. 

For several artists, portraiture offers a strong 
means of communication. Self-Porirali and 
Lighting an J Darkness bv Javier Mendez 
(California State University, Northridge) convey 
brash, flamboyant physical energv checked only 
by dedication to a jazzy pointillist technique. 



Manuel Samaniego (California State University, 
Fullerton) employs some of the vocabulary of 
the illustrator to portray both the virility and the 
disadvantage of the Chicano male. Yet the 
pictorial integrity and emotive conviction of 
these single and group portraits place them 
beyond illustration. 

Provocative individual objects as well as 
interaction resulting in forceful group work 
characterize the production of Asco ("nausea"). 
Much of the work responds sharply to social 
conditions in the Chicano community, in Cuba, 
in Chile; some of it to the human conditions of 
the artists. Some of the work is eclectic, using 
the means of surrealism, expressionism, abstract 
expressionism, and the modern Mexican 
masters, especially Orozco and Siqueiros. Media 
are used freely, and are often mixed: collage, 
spraypaint, acrylics, unprimed canvas, a stuffed 
parrot, wood, wire, plastic, photographs. Images 
are often startling in juxtaposition or scale that 
reinforces content; Patssi Valdez' melting 
chiaroscuro movie screen heads "One. Two and 
Three," Gronk's color photograph of Fidel 
Castro pasted on the black and white front page 
of an American newspaper with an atrocity 
headline in "Homage for Los Bons Bons" and 
his "Soy un tigre, 1 & 2," a poignant, witty pair 
of tiny huts housing intense portrait snapshots. 
In Willie Herron's "Me Chingaron" a screaming 
figure in violent perspective terrifies with its 
mutilated, bloodied face and splayed arms. 
Brutality is again the theme of two black and 
white canvases of heroic, tortured male torsos by 
Jetter Letter called "La Verdad Sobre el Terror 
en Chile." Harry Gamboa is represented by 
three mixed media pieces and "Cruel Profit," a 
color film. 

While more paintings and prmts were 
submitted than three-dimensional works, two of 
the latter are among the more original works in 
the show. One is a subtly patterned, 
monumental raku bottle by Salvador Perez 
(Pomona State College). The other is a fragile, 
haunting reliquary swathed in white candle 
drippings. It incorporates a photo negative, a bit 
of hair, a chain, and a funeral bill. By Richard 
Nieblas (California State University, Los 
Angeles), it is entitled "Documentation of the 
Death of Maria Sega." 

As a whole these works by Chicano student 
artists not only demonstrate a high degree of 
vitality and technical accomplishment, but they 
frequently manifest involved attitudes toward lo 
chicano that avoid many of the visual cliches 



often associated with social commentary or 
protest in twentieth century art. Some of the 
artists included in this exhibition have begun to 
find penetrating ways of expressing emerging 
personal and social realities. 

J.D'A. 




1. Ernie Arbizo 
Untitled 



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4. Carlos Barajas 
Untitled 




6. Ramon D. Cisneros 
Untitled 







7, Maria C. De La Rosa 

Anonymous Faces in a Luncheonette 



10. Frank M. Duarte 
Untitled 




13. Jesse Escobedo 
Untitled 



XINIOR PEREZ: BARRIO MURAUST. 




SUPPORT CHICANOS IN THE ARTS. 



15. Ed Fierro 

Support Chicanos in the Arts - Ad #2 




16. Harry Gamboa. Jr. 
-^ / Don V Believe You Loca 



20. Rito Garcia 
Mis Pantalones 




21. David Gonzalez 
Painted Rock 



^-^ dksapaukckn; las canasja 




24. Gronk 
Untitled 




25. Julio Hernandez 
Indiislriul A ris 




28. W. Herron III 
Me Chini^aron 





29. Jetter Letter 

La Verdad Sobre el Terror en Chile (1 ) 



30. Jetter Letter 

La Verdad Sobre el Terror en Chile (2) 




3L Carlos B. Marquez 
Untitled 




35. Javier Mendez 
Self- Port rail 




37-42. Don Miguel Meyka 
Sterling silver jewelry 



iSiifiiiKI'iii/'^nr'K.M! 




43. Robert Gil de Monies 
Pellon #11 



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44. J. Ernest Montoya 

Cerveza, Toslada and Chips 




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47. Richard Nieblas 

Documentation of the Death of Maria Sega 




49. John Otero 

Viaje a lo Cierto 




51. Irma Pena 
Mi A buelita 





54. Timoteo Ramos 
Dia de los Muertos 



52. Salvador Perez 
Raku Bottle 




58. Manuel R. Samaniego 
I.V.L.S. 




60. Thelma H. Sanchez 
Siete Serpienles 




63. Theodore Sandoval 
La Mara 




68. Maricella Segura 

Blue Fumed Vase with Serpent 




69. Michael Swift 

The Wedding Reception 



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70. Patssi Valdez 

Photo Booth Piece 



Chicanismo en el arte 



1. Ernie Arbizo 
Pomona College 
Birthdate: March 2, 1952 
Untitled 
Photography 

16 X 14 in. 
$20.00 

2. Ernie Arbizo 
Pomona College 
Birthdate: March 2, 1952 
Untitled 
Photography 

16 X 14 in. 
NFS 

3. Ernie Arbizo 
Pomona College 
Birthdate: March 2, 1952 
Untitled 
Photography 

16 X 14 in. 
NFS 

4. Carlos Barajas 
Occidental College 
Birthdate: June 26. 1952 





Untitled 
Painting 
39 X 42 in. 

NFS 


5. 


Carlos Barajas 
Occidental College 
Birthdate: June 26. 1952 
OBVIOUS 




Engraving 
34 X 26 in. 
$100.00 


6. 


Ramon D. Cisneros 

California State University. Northridge 

Birthdate: October 9. 1950 

Untitled 




Oil on canvas 
36x96 in. 
$1,000.00 



10. 



11, 



12. 



Maria C. De La Rosa 

California State University, Long Beach 

Birthdate: November 21. 1949 

ANONYMOUS FACES IN A 

LUNCHEONETTE 

Intaglio 

17x30 in. 

(Contact artist for sale) 

Maria C. De La Rosa 
California State University, Long Beach 
Birthdate: November 21. 1949 
CUMULUS FORMATIONS 
Lithography and intaglio 

13 1/2 X 18 1/4 in. 
(Contact artist for sale) 

Frank M. Duarte 

California State University. Los Angeles 

Birthdate: September 9. 1951 

GALLERY 

Etching. 8/10 

8x11 1/4 in. 

$50.00 

Frank M. Duarte 

California State University, Los Angeles 

Birthdate: September 9, 1951 

Untitled 

Etching. 2/10 

15 1/8x11 1/8 in. 

$50.00 

Frank M. Duarte 

California State University. Los Angeles 

Birthdate: September 9. 1951 

SANDWICH 

Etching, 1/10 

14 1/2 x9 1/4 in. 
$50.00 

Frank M. Duarte 

California State University. Los Angeles 

Birthdate: September 9, 1951 

ANESTHESIA 

Clay, plastic, cotton, wood, metal 

9 3/4x6 3/4 in. 

NFS 



13. Jesse Escobedo 

Immaculate Heart College 

Birthdate: February 1, 1952 

Untitled 

Batik, air brush, acrylic 

57x37 1/2 in. 

NFS 



19. Harry Gamboa, Jr. 
Asco 

Birthdate: November 1, 1951 
CRUEL PROFIT 
Super 8mm Ektachrome film 
1 1 min. 
NFS 



14. Ed Fierro 
Occidental College 
Birthdate: June 11, 1954 
SUPPORT CHICANOS IN THE 
ARTS-AD #1 

Graphic design 
22 X 18 in. 
NFS 

15. Ed Fierro 
Occidental College 
Birthdate: June 11. 1954 
SUPPORT CHICANOS IN THE 
ARTS AD #2 

Graphic design 
22 X 18 in. 
NFS 

^16. Harry Gamboa, Jr. 
Asco 

Birthdate: November 1, 1951 
I DON'T BELIEVE YOU LOCA 

Mixed media 
12 X 16 in. 

$175.00 

17. Harry Gamboa. Jr. 
Asco 

Birthdate: November 1, 1951 
EAST LOS: IN BY 9 OUT BY 5 
Mixed media sculpture 
45 X 27 in. 
$200.00 

/is. Harry Gamboa, Jr. 
Asco 

Birthdate: November 1. 1951 
DRAWING BORED 
Mixed media 
24 x 36 in. 
S250.00 



20. Rito Garcia 

California State University, Dominguez 

Hills 

Birthdate: July 3, 1954 

MIS PANTALONES 

Oil and spray paint 

36 X 42 in. 

NFS 



21. 



22. 



23. 



24. 

1/ 



David Gonzalez 

Santa Monica City College 

Birthdate: November 21. 1953 

PAINTED ROCK 

Acrylic on stone 

5 X 6 in. 

NFS 

Gronk 

Asco 

Birthdate: April 29, 1952 

SOY UNTIGRE #1 & #2 

Mixed media 

2 X 2 in. 

$75.00 

Gronk 

Asco 

Birthdate: April 29. 1952 

HOMAGE FOR LOS BONS BONS 

Stamp, paper, photo 
23 X 13 in. 
$250.00 

Gronk 

Asco 

Birthdate: April 29, 1952 

Untitled 

Mixed media 

2 yards of canvas 

$250.00 



25. Julio Hernandez 

Roosevelt Community Adult School 

Birthdate: April 12, 1956 

INDUSTRIAL ARTS 

Oil on canvas 

32 X 46 in. 

$125.00 



31. Carlos B. Marquez 

East Los Angeles College 

Birthdate: March II, 1951 

Untitled 

Pottery 

6 X 6 in. 

NFS 



26. W. Herron III 
Asco 

Birthdate: June 21. 1951 
GRONK & HERRON 
Ink 

11 X 17 in. 
$200.00 



32. Carlos B. Marquez 

East Los Angeles College 

Birthdate: March 11, 1951 

Untitled 

Pottery 

5 X 4 in. 

NFS 



27. W. Herron III 
Asco 

Birthdate: June 21, 1951 

JOE 

Parrot and wood 

12 X 12 in, 

$300.00 

28. W. Herron III 
Asco 

Birthdate: June 21, 1951 
MECHINGARON 
Acrylic on canvas 
48 x73 in. 
$600.00 



33. 



34. 



Carlos B. Marquez 

East Los Angeles College 

Birthdate: March II, 1951 

Untitled 

Pottery 



6 x 5 in. 






NFS 






Carlos B. 
East Los 


Marquez 
Angeles College 


Birthdate 


: March 11, 


1951 


Untitled 






Pottery 

5x6 1/2 


in. 




NFS 







29. Jetter Letter 
Asco 

Birthdate: April 29, 1952 

LA VERDAD SOBRE EL TERROR EN 

CHILEd) 

Acrylic on canvas 

53 x 36 in. 

$350.00 

30. Jetter Letter 
Asco 

Birthdate: April 29, 1952 

LA VERDAD SOBRE EL TERROR EN 

CHILE (2) 

Acrylic on canvas 

53 X 36 in. 

$350.00 



35. Javier Mendez 

California State University, Northridge 

Birthdate: January 22, 1952 

SELF-PORTRAIT 

Acrylic on canvas 

44 X 66 in. 

NFS 

36. Javier Mendez 

California State University, Northridge 
Birthdate: January 22, 1952 
LIGHTING AND DARKNESS 
Acrylic on canvas 
52 x38 in. 
$600.00 



37. Don Miguel Meyka 

East Los Angeles College 
Birthdate: February 12. 1950 
FRANCISCO VILLA (RETIRED) 
Sterling silver, turquoise 
11/2x1 in. 
$60.00 



43. Robert Gil de Montes 
Otis Art Institute 
Birthdate: July 14. 1950 
PELLON #11 
Acrylic on cloth 
47 X 63 in. 
NFS 



38. Don Miguel Meyka 

East Los Angeles College 

Birthdate: February 12. 1950 

EL CUCUY (Chicano folklore boogie man) 

Oxidized sterling silver, turquoise 

2 1/2x1 in. 

NFS 



44. J. Ernest Montoya 

Long Beach City College 
Birthdate: March 7. 1949 
CERVEZA. TOSTADA AND CHIPS 
Crochet, yarn 
8 X 9 '/2 in. 
$65.00 



39. Don Miguel Meyka 

East Los Angeles College 

Birthdate: February 12. 1950 

CAPTIVE 

Sterling silver bracelet 

2 1/2 X 1/2 in. 

NFS 



45. J. Ernest Montoya 

Long Beach City College 

Birthdate: March 7. 1949 

MUSHROOM IN THE PHILIPPINE SURF 

Photography 

8 X 10 in. 

$15.00 



40. Don Miguel Meyka 

East Los Angeles College 

Birthdate: February 12, 1950 

ANGELIQUE 

Sterling silver pendant 

2 1/2 X 1/2 in. 

NFS 



46. J. Ernest Montoya 

Long Beach City College 

Birthdate: March 7. 1949 

ORANGE GLOW GIRL 

Photography 

11 X 14 in. 

NFS 



41. Don Miguel Meyka 
East Los Angeles College 
Birthdate: February 12, 1950 
COMFORT 

Sterling silver pendant 

1 X 1/2 in. 
NFS 

42. Don Miguel Meyka 
East Los Angeles College 
Birthdate: February 12. 1950 
OLD MAN OF THE SEA 
Sterling silver, nickel band 

2 X 5 in. 
$125.00 



47. Richard Nieblas 

California State University. Los Angeles 

Birthdate: June 16. 1950 

DOCUMENTATION OF THE DEATH 

OF MARIA SEGA 

Photo negative, wax. chain ensemble 

12x5 in. 

$500.00 

48. John Otero 

California State University. Long Beach 

Birthdate: February 17. 1952 

ALTERNATE VIEW SERIES (No. II) 

Lithograph 

14x II in. 

$50.00 



49. John Otero 

California State University, Long Beach 

Birthdate: February 17. 1952 

VIAJE A LO CIERTO 

Intaglio 

28 X 20 in. 

$80.00 



55. Manuel R. Samaniego 

California State University, Fullerton 

Birthdate: September 27. 1950 

THE TEACHER 

Acrylic and oil on canvas 

36 X 74 in. 

$375.00 



50. John Otero 

California State University. Long Beach 

Birthdate: February 17, 1952 

LIGHTNING STRENGTH 

Intaglio 

40 X 26 in. 

$80.00 



56. Manuel R. Samaniego 

California State University, Fullerton 

Birthdate: September 27. 1950 

CATALYST 

Oil. acrylic, Budweiser, stain 

46 X 30 'in. 

NFS 



51. Irma Peiia 

University of California. Los Angeles 

Birthdate': April 25. 1953 

MI ABUELITA 

Batik 

36 X 36 in. 

NFS 



57. Manuel R. Samaniego 

California State University, Fullerton 

Birthdate: September 27, 1950 

RICHARD 

Oil and acrylic on canvas 

29 X 36 in. 

NFS 



52. Salvador Perez 

California State University, Pomona 

Birthdate: May 30, 1953 

RAKU BOTTLE 

Clay 

23 X 9 in. 

NFS 



58. Manuel R. Samaniego 

California State University. Fullerton 

Birthdate: September 27, 1950 

I.V.L.S. 

Oil and acrylic on canvas 

24 X 36 in. 

NFS 



53. Salvador Perez 
Pomona State College 
Birthdate: May 30, 1953 
PLATTER 
Porcelain 

14 X 14 in. 
NFS 

54. Timoteo Ramos 
Rio Hondo College 
Birthdate: November 24. 1953 
DIA DE LOS MUERTOS 
Pen and ink 

18x24 in. 
$25.00 



59. Thelma H. Sanchez 
East Los Angeles College 
Birthdate: September 2. 1950 
COBIJA 

Weaving 
67 X 36 in. 
$250.00 

60. Thelma H. Sanchez 
East Los Angeles College 
Birthdate: September 2. 1950 
SIETE SERPIENTES 

Clay sculpture 
4 1/2x7 in. 
$25.00 



61. Theodore Sandoval 

California State University, Long Beach 

Birthdate: September 15, 1949 

LAS PLACAS DE LA RAZA 

Color intaglio print 

19 X 16 in. 

NFS 



68. Maricella Segura 

University of California, Los Angeles 

Birthdate: May 30, 1950 

BLUE FUMED VASE WITH SERPENT 

Blown glass 

9 X 4 in. 

NFS 



62. Theodore Sandoval 

California State University, Long Beach 

Birthdate: September 15, 1949 

MARIA MAGENTA 

Color intaglio print 

16x20 in. 

NFS 



69. Michael Swift 
Otis Art Institute 
Birthdate: April 25. 1949 
THE WEDDING RECEPTION 
Pen and ink drawing 
22 X 40 in. 
$80.00 



63. Theodore Sandoval 

California State University, Long Beach 

Birthdate: September 15, 1949 

LA MARA 

Color intaglio print 

18 1/4x21 1/4 in. 

NFS 



70. Patssi Valdez 

^ Asco 

Birthdate: December 31, 1953 
PHOTO BOOTH PIECE 
Collage with photographs 
11 X 15 in. 
$350.00 



64. Theodore Sandoval 

California State University. Long Beach 

Birthdate: September 15, 1949 

EL INFIERNO DE LA VIDA 

Color intaglio print 

35 X 29 in. 

NFS 



71. Pat,ssi Valdez 
Asco 

Birthdate: December 31, 1953 
ONE. TWO AND THREE 
Spray paint on canvas 
76 X 54 in. 
$400.00 



65. Maricella Segura 

University of California. Los Angeles 
Birthdate: May 30. 1950 
SANDBLASTED VASE 

Blown glass 
5 1/2x3 1/2 in. 
$25.00 

66. Maricella Segura 

University of California. Los Angeles 

Birthdate: May 30. 1950 

BLUE& RED VASE 

Blown glass 

10x5 in. 

NFS 

67. Maricella Segura 

University of California. Los Angeles 

Birthdate: May 30, 1950 

FUMED VASE WITH SANDBLASTING 

Blown glass 

8x3 1/2 in. 

$30.00 



72. P. Valdez; Gronk; W. Herron, III; H. 
Gamboa, Jr. 

Asco 

Birthdates: 12-31-53; 4-29-52; 6-21-51: 

I1-I-51 

ASCO 

35mm color slides 

NFS 

73. Jack A. Vargas 
Otis Art Institute 
Birthdate: July 17, 1952 
BREAKFAST WITH EVARISTO 
ALTAMIRANO 

Video tape 
1.210 ft. 
NFS 



Selections Conimittee 

Leonard Castellanos, Director 
Mechicano Art Center 

Jeanne D'Andrea, Coordinator 

Exhibitions and Publications, 

Los Angeles County Museum of Art 

Jane Livingston, Curator 

Modern Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art 

Thomas Silliman, Director 

Vincent Price Gallery, East Los Angeles College 



I