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Full text of "Calendar of the correspondence of George Washington, commander in chief of the Continental Army, with the officers"

GIFT OF 




LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



CALENDAR OF 
THE CORRESPONDENCE OF 

GEORGE WASHINGTON 

COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY 

WITH THE OFFICERS 



IN FOUR VOLUMES 

VOL. IV 

INDEX 



PREPARED FROM THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPTS 

IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS BY JOHN C. 

FITZPATRICK. DIVISION OF MANUSCRIPTS 



WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
1915 



^ 



L. C. card, 10-35016 



THIS WORK IN FOUR VOLUMES IS FOR SALE BY 

THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



PRICE, $4 PER SET 



ERRATA. 

Page 204, for Storrs, Ebenezer, read Storrs, Experience. 

Page 216, for New Germantown [Pennsylvania], read New Germantown [New 
Jersey]. 

Page 219, for Germnntown [Pennsylvania], read [New] Germantown [New 
Jersey]. 

Page 464, for Warner, Seth, read Warner, Nathaniel. 

Page 753, for Stoddard, Joseph read Josiah. 

Page 1084, for Strether, John read Shether. 

Page 1086, for Sutherland, A[rthur], read Sutherland, A[ndrew]. 

Page 1413, for Closter, New York, read Closter, New Jersey. 

Page 1423, for Huntington, Rhode Island, read Long Island. 

Page 1536, for V[arick], Benedict], read V[arick], R[ichard]. 

Page 1577, for preceding entry read following entry. 

Page 1665, for Willing, Thomas, read Willing, James. 

Page 2063, for Capt. Joseph J. Anderson, read Capt. Joseph I. 

Page 2131, for Van Rensselaer, Pierre, read Van Rensselaer, Philip. 

Page 2166, for John Rice read Nathan. 

in 



A. B., American spy. Letter from: 
1663. 

Abduction, plot, 2023. 

Abeel, James. Col., deputy quarter 
master general. Intelligence from, 
1310. Letters from : 1252, 1309. 

Abercromby, Robert. Lt. col., 37th 
Foot, British army. 2035. 

Abington Church (Virginia), troops at, 
1961, 1962. 

Aboville, Frangois Marie, Comte de. 
Col., commander -in-chief, French ar 
tillery in America. 1747. 

Absence, leaves of, 451, 477, 512, 514, 
705, 782, 841, 878, 941, 949, 953, 991, 
998, 1077, 1103, 1141, 1203, 1240, 
1244, 1246, 1247, 1261, 1269, 1274, 
1278, 1280, 1285, 12S9, 1295, 1296, 
1297, 1309, 1315, 1418, 1433, 1434, 
1498, 1505, 1560, 1572, 1575, 1626, 
1628, 1643, 1648, 1655, 1664, 1684, 
1696, 1731, 1733, 1760, 1765, 1789, 
1809, 1931, 1990, 2011, 2027, 2049, 
2058, 2063, 2072. 2080, 2097, 2098, 
2099, 2103, 2116. 2118, 2119, 2130, 
2157, 2178, 2180, 2189, 2207, 2211, 
2212, 2215, 2234, 2250, 2263, 2269, 
2270, 2271, 2287, 2295, 2298, 2303, 
2307, 2308, 2313, 2315, 2318, 2336, 
2337, 2342, 2349, 2351, 2365, 2369, 
2371, 2374, 2375, 2380, 2392, 2393, 
2395, 2427; caveat against, 2082; 
regulations, 1656; returns, 1701, see 
also Furloughs. 

Absentees, 293, 300, 1141, 1231, 1271, 
2104; court martial of, 2104; money 
due, 1824; second Connecticut bri 
gade, 1805. 

Abuses, 86, 296, 1656; against military 
order, 1653 ; correction of, 400, 1656 ; 
issues, 1645. 



Academy (School), military, 2373, 2374, 
2379, 2380; location, 2375; needed, 
2378 ; plan, 2378. 

Acadians, attachment to American 
cause, 1021. 

Accounts (Bills), 197, 519, 581, 607, 
616, 786, 789, 852, 1055, 1199, 1361, 
1448, 1475, 1633, 3707, 1777, 1779, 
1793, 1803, 1883, 1889, 2008, 2025, 
2059, 2184, 2325, 2454, 2455, 24 56; 
Army, 519 ; British, 1153, 1626, 2012, 
2207; contractors , 2150; Convention 
troops, 530, -537, 596, 621, 997, 1579, 
1615; extra expenses, 2454; forage, 
1358; form of, 775, 1606; method, 
2056, 2127, 2134 ; officers, 1141, 1266, 
1912, 2175; prisoners, 490, 544, 1626, 
1912, 2024, 2070, 2092, 2093, 2175. 
2244, 2261, 2350 ; secret service, 2014, 
2016, 2074, 2415; settlement of, 51, 
52, 191, 400, 541, 544, 621, 732, 733, 
736, 752, 760, 775, 804, 808, 810, 828, 
890, 956, 1000, 1009, 1019, 1053, 1669, 
1698, 1718, 1753, 1754, 1759, 1858, 
1862, 1872, 1965, 1992, 2012, 2016, 
2020, 2024, 2034, 2054, 2056, 2063, 
2070, 2092, 2093, 2100, 2127, 2207, 
2220, 2232, 2244, 2245, 2261, 2309, 
2310, 2311, 2319, 2333, 2340, 2343, 
2347, 2350, 2367, 2394, 2395, 2412, 
2413, 2415, 2425, 2434, 2436, 2446, 
2455; recruiting, 1648; Washing 
ton s, 2315, 2323, 2348, 2350, 2365, 
2367. 

Accounts (news) ; see lutellligence. 

Accoutrements (Equipment), 53, 72, 
220, 222, 243, 262, 273, 282, 287, 290, 
291, 292, 312, 316, 393, 462, 509, 569, 
624; 642, 648, 677, 754, 966, 1104, 
1125, 1144, 1287, 1288, 1416, 1532, 
1675, 1696, 1714, 1729, 1752, 1924, 
1958, 2035, 2052. 2064, 2069, 2081, 



1775 1776 1777 

Pages Pages Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 60-137 229-354 

JULY-DECEMBER. _ 1-60 137-229 354-515 



1778 

Pages 
515-675 
675-894 



2461 



2462 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Accoutrements ( Equipment ) Cont d. 
2273, 2280, 2332; British cavalry, 
1565; British surrendered, 1972; 
captured, 505; care of, 2040; cav 
alry, 245, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 
516, 547, 564, 600, 601, 610, 611, 638, 
721, 1259, 1269, 1270, 1307, 1308, 
1309, 1311, 1612, 1623, 1632, 1651, 
1673, 1690, 1702, 1755, 1766, 1848, 
1850, 1853, I860, 1872, 1885, 1945, 
1979, 1986, 2186; charged to troops, 
222; claimed by discharged soldiers, 
1252; difficulties, 292, 312, 1480, 
1841, 1872; disposal of, 505, 2404; 
from France, 677 ; in hospitals, 539 ; 
leather for, 571; of levies, 1518; 
loss of 246, 1271; making, 670; 
marking, 281; militia, 348, 1642, 
2383; need, lack, etc., of, 346, 398, 
641, 670, 833, 989, 996, 1000, 1002, 
1308, 1324, 1408, 1431, 1455, 1554, 
1580, 1608, 1767, 1786, 1904, 1938, 
1951, 1966, 2035, 2186 ; obtaining, 967, 
1942 ; ordered, 1311, 1982 ; repair of, 
1766; returns, 886, 977, 1056, 1181, 
1682, 1809 ; supplied by States, 2379 ; 
transportation of, 1853, 2010. 

Ackerly, Nathaniel, 1476. 

Acquackanonck (New Jersey), 198, 
199, 250, 712, 1173, 1932; British at, 
223 ; post at, 204 ; selected for winter 
cantonment, 1192. 

Acquackanonck Bridge, 1617. 

Actions; see Battles. 

ACTIVE. Massachusetts privateer. 2332. 

ACTIVE, prize sloop. 1464. 

Adam, John. Deputy commissary of 
prisoners. 1730, 2337, 2347; arrest, 
1823; court-martialed, 1823, 1860; 
duties, 2337. Letters from: 1571, 
1608, 1730, 2337. Letters to: 1326, 
2347. 

Adams, Daniel. Capt., Continental 
armed vessel. 34, 36, 48, 50. 

Adams. Daniel Jenifer. Ha}., 7th 
Maryland regiment. 707; case of, 
799. Letters from : 524, 792. Letter 
to: 707. 

Adams, Ebenezer. Capt., Elliott s 
Rhode Island artillery. 398. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Adams, John. Massachusetts delegate, 
Continental Congress; United States 
minister plenipotentiary for conduct 
ing peace negotiations with Great 
Britain. 66, 632, 2312. 

Adams, Joseph. Surgeon s mate, 13th 
Continental Infantry. 134. 

Adams, Peter. Lt. col., 1th, 1st, and 
3d Maryland regiments. 707. Let 
ters from: 1030. 2092. Letters to: 
461, 707, 1011, 1024. 

Adams, Samuel. Massachusetts dele 
gate, Continental Congress. 1467. 

Adams, Samuel. Lt., 1st New Hamp 
shire regiment. 2380. 

Adams, Thomas. Virginia delegate, 
Continental Congress; member, medi 
cal committee. 1306. 

Adams, William. Lt. and paymaster, 
4th Connecticut regiment. 914. 

Adams, William. Hospital storekeeper, 
Albany. 1218, 1236, 1253. 

Addison, Henry, Clergyman. Letter 
to: 1625. 

Addison, J . American spy. Let 
ter from : 2065. 

Additional Continental regiments. See 
Regiments. 

Addresses to the Army, 136, 1341, 
1350. See also Newburgh addresses. 

Adjutant general, 268, 272, 519, 539, 
612, 644. 1614, 1637, 1942, 2247; ap 
pointment of, 280, 291, 1689; depu 
ties agree to commutation of pay, 
2382 ; deputy, 325, 632, 644, 651, 1476, 
1477, 2382 ; deputy in the Highlands, 
351, 702, 1438, 1443, 1499, 1501, 1506, 
1507, 1509; equipment, 1612; orders, 
540. See also Gates, Horatio; Pick 
ering, Timothy; Reed, Joseph; 
Scammell, Alexander. 

Adjutant general, British Army in 
America ; see Keinble, Stephen. 

Adjutant general s department. 2062, 
2200. 

Adjutants, 709, 893, 1001, 1110, 2032. 

Admirals, British, movements, 755. 

Admiralty, Board of, John Paul Jones 
before, 1725, 1749, 1762, 1818; pro 
poses an expedition, 1268. 

Admiralty, cases, 931, 938, 950. 

Advices. See Intelligence. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-221) 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2463 



Adye, Stephen Payne. Deputy judge 
advocate general, British army in 
America. 2104 ; report 011 Huddy 
case, 2285, 2295-6. Letter from: 
2285. 

Affleck, Edmund. Capt., British navy 
commanding at Neiv York. Letter 
from: 1936. 

Age, of recruits, 924. 
Agents, character of, 1268; for cloth 
ing, 266, 1566, 1570-1; letter to Con 
tinental, 321 ; for Continental armed 
vessels, instructions, 34; list of in 
eastern ports, 1391 ; for Contrac 
tors, 20S8; debts, 1254; disgusted, 
1254 ; for French hospital, 1380 ; In 
dian, 1621; mercantile, 2339. 

for prisoners, sec also Commis 
saries; articles for government of, 
1567, 1592; for American prison 
ers to reside within British lines, 
1352; for American prisoners in 
New York, 1602. 1609, 1634, 1664, 
1692; qualifications, 1641; threats 
against, 1630; for British prison 
ers, 530; to reside within Amer 
ican lines, 1352; 

for prizes, 29, 35, 36, 37; for pro 
curing supplies, 1389; 

purchasing (purchasers), 549, 
1563, 1568; act respecting, 1777; 
amenable to civil law, 1761 ; let 
ter to assistant. 1645; for cattle, 
1454; changes of, 566; debts, 
1202; of flour, 751; guard for, 
1460; inability, 1789; in Massa 
chusetts, 1706; needed, 524; 
recruiting, 1383; secret, see Spies; 
state, 1407, 1568; state agents igno 
rance of army daily consumption, 
1407; superintendent, 1699. 

Agreement, between officers and con 
tractors, 2319. 

Aides de camp, 692, 1476, 1488, 1809, 
2390; Washington s, 589, 590, 595, 
554, 1788, 1804, 1962, 2411; cer 
tificates of service, 2414. 

Alamance (North Carolina), Lee s 
skirmish at, 1747. 



Alarm, 1249, 1977, 2247; militia posts, 

1350, see also Signals. 
Albany (New York), 250, 305, 355, 
455, 465, 516, 529, 532, 537, 540, 554, 
567, 619, 631, 683, 694, 703, 767, 797, 
816, 827, 838, 848, 849, 851, 869, 872, 
879, 881, 886, 909, 966, 1013, 1039, 
1069, 1102, 1166, 1176, 1177, 1183, 
1184, 1190, 1191, 1254, 1255, 1345, 
1362, 1397, 1429, 1432, 1457, 1459. 
1461, 1462, 1484, 1487, 1498, 1508, 
1518, 1574, 1587, 1598, 1606, 1614, 
1618, 1634, 1635, 1644, 1724, 1780, 
1818, 1835, 1836, 1847, 1849, 1853, 
1866, 1871, 1876, 1888, 1895, 1902, 
1912-13, 1914, 1989, 2016, 2022, 2023, 
2027, 2131, 2156, 2224, 2264, 2265, 
2418; armory, 1651; arms at, 548; 
artillery at, 2424; barracks at, 784; 
British designs against, 1821, 1838. 
2161, 2247; Burgoyue s ability to 
reach, 376; command at, 801, 821, 
1585, 2213; orders to commanding 
officer at, 585 ; 

Committee, 3, 112, 294 ; requests 
aid, 120. Letters from: 3, 112, 
113, 120. Letters to: 3, 105, 111, 
114. 

conditions at, 1389, 1793; conspiracy 
to burn, 1607; Highlanders removed 
to, 107 ; inhabitants, 734, 1516, 1651 ; 
loyalists in, 296, 1821, 1842; maga 
zine at, 855; Oneida conference at, 
128; sloops from, 1514; storehouses 
at, 742; supplies and stores at, 102, 
178, 846, 852, 853, 990, 1606 ; treason 
at, 1909; troop movements, 461, 
1610, 1612, 1917, 1947. 

Albany county, wheat and flour in, 
294, 307. 

Albany road, 742, 756. 

Albemarle (Virginia), 979, 981. 

Albright, Philip. Col., Pennsylvania 
militia. Letter from: 880. 

Alden, Ichabod. Col., 7th Massachu 
setts regiment. 678; abused, 831; 
conduct, 682, 684, 709, 773; efforts 
to unite inhabitants, 831; exchange, 
767; regiment, 612, 682, 684, 773, 
767, 831, 840, 841, 892. Letters from : 
704, 766, 831. Letters to: 709, 773, 



1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 

Pages Pages Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 2014-2100 2312-2412 

1065-1213 1383-1658 1879-2014 2160-2312 2412-2460 



2464 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Alden, Ichabod Continued. 
835. See also Massachusetts, troops, 
7th regiment. 

Alden, Judah. Capt., 2d Massachu 
setts regiment. Letter from: 1597. 
Letters to : 1599, 1618, 1620. 

Alden, Roger. Capt., 2d and 5th Con 
necticut regiments; brigade major 
and aide to Huntington. 364, 365, 
1710. 

ALERT. British schooner of war. 568. 

Alexander, Charles. Capt., U. 8. Navy. 
533 ; orders to : 425. 

Alexander, Francis, deposition, 408. 

Alexander, William. Capt., 7th Penn 
sylvania regiment. Letter to: 1023. 

Alexandria (Virginia), 635, 1784, 
2457; orders to commanding officer 
at, 579. 

ALFRED. Continental armed vessel. 
226. 

Alison (Allison), John. Private, 5th 
New York regiment. 932, 1227, 1229. 
Letter from: 1310. 

Allan (Allen), John. Col. and Indian 
agent, Eastern department. 1021, 
1363, 1376, 1453, 1547, 1556; money 
for, 311. Letters and instructions 
from: 1020, 1363, 1375. Letters to: 
1021, 1420. 

Allan, Jonathan. Maj., 5th Massachu 
setts regiment. 1231. 

Alleghany River, 1003, 1133; route to 
Canada, 872. 

Allegiance, change of, 807, 808; to 
United States, 239, 2177; to both 
King and Congress, 988. See also 
Oath. 

Allen. Ebenezer. Maj., Vermont mili 
tia. 1589. Letter from: 1588. 

Allen, Ethan. Lt. col., Green Moun 
tain Boys; brevet col., Continental 
Army. 1388, 1589, 1591, 1624, 1838, 
2133; actions of, 1607, 2237; agree 
ment with Carleton, 1583 ; aid from, 
683 ; arrests made by, 2236 ; capture 
of, 30, 1386, 1598; on cessation of 
hostilities and exchange negotiations, 
1583; at Chamblee, 18; condition of, 
525; correspondence with the Brit 
ish, 1583, 1591, 1807, 1SOS, 1830; de- 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER.. _ 1-60 



Allen, Ethan Continued. 

feat of, 21, 28, 31, 33; dismissed 
from command, 1606; efforts to pro 
tect New York frontier, 1587; ex 
change of, 158, 201, 276, 579, 588; 
ironed, 66, 75; on New York aid, 
1840 ; rank, 581, 619, 629 ; report on 
Canada, 17; sent to England, 46; 
suspects British design against New 
York, 1590 ; British treatment of, 48, 
56, 57, 62, 66, 70, 75, 81, 91, 201, 221 ; 
visits Canada, 1591 ; visits New York 
City, 1386, 1412, 1430, 1591; warns 
Schuyler, 1830 ; Washington s packet 
for, 628. Letters from : 17, 619, 629. 
1587, 1590, 1830. Letters to: 1490, 
1584. 

Allen, George. Loyalist. 1029. 

Allen, Ira. of Vermont. 1842, 2132. 
2236, 2237. 

Allen (Allin), Jean Baptiste. Capt., 
1st Canadian regiment. 157, 162, 736, 
756, 765, 769. Letter from : 756. 

Allen. John. Chaplain, Continental 
Army. 93. 

Allen, John. Deputy commissary gen 
eral of issues. 981. 

Allen, John, of New York. 311. Let 
ters from : 283, 313. 

Allen, John. Private, 43d Foot, Brit 
ish army. 1364. 

Allen, John. See Allan. 

Allen, Joseph. 215. 

Allen, Levi. of Vermont. 66, 70. Let 
ter from : 70. 

Allen, Minor. Private, 1st Connecticut 
regiment. 286. 

Allen, Nathaniel Coit. Lt. and capt., 
1th and 10th Massachusetts regi 
ment. 2113, 2114, 2115, 2164. 2165, 
2170, 2280. Letters from : 2113, 2164, 
2325, 2326, 2357. 

Allen, Paul. Letter from : 1301. 

Allen, Robert. Capt. 7th Massa 
chusetts regiment. 733. 

Allen, William. Lt. col., 2d Pennsyl 
vania regiment. 101. 

Allen, William. Capt., 2d and 1st 
Rhode Island regiments. 1329, 1331, 
1714, 1730. Letter from : 1329. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-220 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2465 



Allentown (Pennsylvania) 226, 440, 
451, 461, 559, 560. 

Allentown road, 662. 

ALLIANCE. Continental ship of war. 
1424, 1467, 1469, 1706, 2345. 

Alliance, France with America, 833. 

Allies, European, 937. 

Allin, Jean Baptiste. See Allen. 

Ailing, Charles. 1097. 

Allison, John. Maj. and It. col., Vir 
ginia State regiment. 772, 1011, 
1012, 1037, 1117. Letter to: 772. 

Allison, John. See Alison. 

Allison, John. See Allison, William. 

Allison, Samuel. Quaker. 1293, 1294, 
1304,1312. Letters from: 1293,1312. 

Allison, Thomas, 1227, 1229. 

Allison, William [John ?] Maj. and 
It. col., Virginia State regiment. 
1022. Letter to: 770. 

Allowances, 2039. 

Allyn, John. Adj., Gay s Connecticut 
regiment. 207. 

Alvey, John Durham. Postmaster 
with the main army. Letters from : 
2251, 2353. 

Alyay, Isaac. Neiv York loyalist. 
2099. 

AMAZON, British merchant ship. 2282, 
2296. 

Ambassador, British, to the United 
States, 2443. 

Arnboy (New Jersey), 256, 337, 628, 
1128, 1256, 1264, 1272, 1287, 1288; 
British movements, 342, 353, 988, 
1074, 1369; British ships leaving, 
310 ; exchange commissioners at, 
868, 997; flying camp, at, 148; Hes 
sians sent to, 252; troops ordered 
to, 145. 

Ambuscades, 959, 1382, 1391, 1392. 

America, 746, 771, 1129, 2247, 2286, 
2292, 2306, 2324, 2331, 2337, 2340, 
2355, 2365, 2381, 2390, 2408, 2418, 
2420, 2428, 2441, 2457, 2458; Brit 
ish colonies, 966; the cause of, 831, 
891, 1021, 2278; 

coast of, British ships on, 1550, 
1937; Estaing s return to, 998; 
French fleet off, 1129, 1763, 1964, 
1965; de Grasse on, 1763; protec 
tion of, 2296, 2300; 



America Continued. 

commerce with, 2421, discourse on, 
2438; division of land when con 
quered, 489; expulsion of British 
from, 1849, 1916, 2454; feeling in, 
648; fish industry in, 2421; freedom 
wished for, 2278; French aid and 
interest, 346, 1265, 1268, 1373, 1865, 
2297, 2299-2300, 2378, 2388, 2390; 
French fleet sent to, 1269, 1382, 
1722, 1908; friends of, 1035; Hol 
land s friendship and services to, 
2381, 2421; cessation of hostilities 
in, 958; prejudice against military 
men and foreigners in, 2442 ; public 
virtue in, 1186; subjugation of, 394; 
thoughts on, 1186; Washington on 
situation in, 1183. See also United 
States. 

AMERICA. Continental ship of war. 
Offered to France, 2223, 2238. 

America Delivered." poem, 2429. 

American Philosophical Society held at 
Philadelphia for Promoting Useful 
Knowledge (Philanthropic Society), 
box and papers for, 1659. 

Americans, disputes among, 1143 ; res 
olution needed, 384; violate suspen 
sion of hostilities, 2341 ; the title of, 
2158. 

Amerman, D . Asst. clothier gen 
eral. 1980, 1982. 

Amherst, Jeffery, Lord. Maj. gen. and 
general, British army. 872; memo 
rial to: 1168. 

Amicus Reipublicre (Abraham 

Bancker). American spy. 1402, 
1430, 1531. Letters from : 1333, 1351, 
1373, 1379, 1386, 1388, 1401, 1402, 
1407, 1428, 1430, 1467, 1520, 1531, 
1568. 

Amity and commerce, treaty of, 2314. 

Ammunition, 10, 34, 47, 75, 126, 140, 
152, 153, 196, 198, 199, 208, 281, 304, 
370, 401, 408, 426, 427, 430, 434, 435, 
437, 438, 439, 442, 446, 448, 450, 466, 
471, 472, 488, 560, 708, 876, 899, 
919, 1025, 1032, 1034, 1083, 1217, 
1350, 1355, 1369, 1382, 1413, 1432, 
1582, 1886, 2031, 2120, 2168; British, 
432, 1973; called for, 54, 662, 922, 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

1065-1213 1383-1658 1879-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2466 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Ammunition Continued. 
1345, 1854; care of, 918. 1826, 2213; 
damaged by rain. 420; difficulty in 
obtaining, 643; distribution of, 1237, 
1656, 2367; from eastward, 1854; 
estimates, 1224. 1378, 1720, 2023, 
2333; expended, 81; fixed, 120; for 
warding of, 76, 366, 440, 727, 1775, 
1809, 2274; from France, 843, 1232, 
1629; French returns, 1294, 1747; 
guard for, 1023 ; supplied to Indians, 
128, 925, 1010 ; musket, 177 ; musket 
balls, 368, 403, 705 ; need of, 46, 116, 
141, 360, 416, 418, 419, 428, 434. 439, 
440, 444, 517, 587, 619, 882, 885, 896, 
986, 1009, 1015, 1047, 1048, 1076, 
1225, 1309, 1447, 1498, 1659, 1762, 
1787, 1812, 1829, 1833, 1852, 1928, 
1993, 2025; reserve, 405; returns, 
900, 1673, 2131, 2177, 2275; store, 
123 ; supply, 170, 406, 987 ; Washing 
ton calls for, 444. 

Ammunition wagons. See Wagons. 

Amory, Jonathan of Boston. Letter 
to: 81. 

Amory, Thomas, of Boston. Letter 
to: 81. 

AMPHITBITE. French merchant ship, 
298, 299; supplies brought by, 353, 
357, 395. 

Amsbury, William, 344. 

Amsterdam (Holland), 2229. 

Amusements, camp, 1652. 

Anaquaga (Onoquaga, Oquaga, Una- 
quaga, Broome County, New York), 
719, 795, 797, 801, 957, 974; route 
from Kingston, 986, 987. 

Anarchy, in New York on withdrawal 
of British troops, 2431. 

Anchors, 746, 1389. 

Anderson, Alexander, 371. 

Anderson, Ephraim. Capt. 1st New 
Jersey regiment. Letter to: 396. 

Anderson, James. Lt., 2d Canadian 
regiment. Letter from : 1960. 

Anderson, John. Capt., 4th New 
Jersey regiment, 641. 

Anderson, John. (Maj. John Lewis 
Andre, q. v.) 

Anderson, Joseph J. Capt., 2d New 
Jersey regiment, 2058, 2063. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEI^BER 1-60 



Anderson, Joshua, of Freehold, New 
Jersey, 1438, 1468, 1474, 1475, 2094. 

Anderson, Patrick. Capt., Stewart s 
Pennsylvania state regiment, 436. 

Anderson, Samuel. Private, 43d Foot, 
British Army. 1364. 

Andre, John Lewis (John Anderson). 
Capt., 26th Foot; aide to Clinton; 
maj. and adj. gen., British Army in 
America. 997, 1043; appointed ex 
change commissioner, 961; Arnold 
orders escort for, 1527-8 ; assistance 
to, 1542; board of general officers 
on, 1552, 1554; captured, 1549, 
1553; case of, 1552, 1558; Clin 
ton s request for a hearing on, 
1554 ; commission, 1553 ; correspond 
ence with Arnold, 1513, 1520, 1521, 
1526, 1557; declares identity, 1545; 
efforts to save, 1558; execution, 
1553, 1559, 1564, 1569; exoner 
ates Clinton, 1553; fate, 1553; feel 
ing for, 1570; guards for, 1550; 
handwriting of, 1545; letters to Ar 
nold, 1520, 1526; letters to Clinton, 
1554; letters to Sheldon, 1562; let 
ter to Washington, 1558; letters 
used in trial of, 1556; meeting with 
Arnold, 1491, 1520, 1553; mother 
and sisters, 1553; necessaries for, 
1554 ; prevention of his escape, 
1547 ; protection under a flag, 1549 ; 
reasons why he is not a spy, 1558 ; 
release requested, 1549; requests 
permission to meet a friend near 
American lines, 1512; requests per 
mission to write to New York, 
1545; requests to be shot, 1557; 
Rochambeau on, 1573; statement to 
board, 1553; status as a prisoner, 
1557; treatment received, 1553; 
trial, 1553, 1556. Letters from; 
1512, 1545, 1553, 1557. Letter to: 
1491. 

Andrews, Benjamin (of Otis & An 
drews). Letter from: 845. 

Andrews, John. See Otis & Andrews. 

Andrew s Town (New York), 693. 

Angel, Abiathari. Capt., Brewer s 
Massachusetts regiment. Letter 
from : 13. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2467 



Angell, Israel. Col, 2d Rhode Island 
regiment. 270 ; debt, 1701 ; requests 
troops, 985. Letters from: 1302, 
1352, 1659. Letters and instructions 
to: 439, 539, 1299, 1305. Regiment, 
1705; clothing, 1194; incorporated 
with Greene s. 1383; mutiny, 985; 
officers, 939, 1352; ordered to Red 
Bank, 439. 

Anieres, - - D . Lt., regiment du 
Specht, German allied troops. 2408, 
2412. 

Animals. See Stock. 

Anmours, Chevalier d . French con 
sul in Maryland. 302, 340. Letter 
from: 336. Letter to: 346. 

Annapolis (Maryland), 634, 1463,1746, 
1750, 1756, 1775, 2015, 2018, 2394; 
French troops sail from, 1954. 

ANNE, British merchant ship. 137. 

Anonymous, addresses, 339, 1350, 2354 ; 
estimate of capabilities of Continen 
tal officers, 31; diary, 1366, 1598; in 
telligence, 16, 22, 114, 281, 308, 332, 
341, 427, 480, 498, 635, 646, 799, 804, 
821, 827, 1198, 1199, 1266, 1281, 1355, 
1366, 1411. 1425, 1453, 1555, 1633, 
1729, 1825, 1848, 1882, 1909, 1957, 
1985, 2011, 2019, 2030, 2235, 2280, 
2281, 2292, 2311, 2424, 2426, 2452, 
2459 ; letter found on parade ground, 
2155 ; list of British ships, 34, 1934 ; 
plans, 34, 112. Letters: 22, 45, 88, 
117, 213, 248, 371, 372, C77, 475, 611, 
637, 688, 692, 793, 810, 813, 840, 903, 
909, 936, 985, 988, 1025, 1125, 1144, 
1199, 1266, 1350, 1405, 1451, 1453, 
1496, 1616, 1620, 1838, 1920, 2123, 
2125, 2134, 2226, 2235, 2286, 2291, 
2334. See also " Good Usage " and 
Newburgh addresses. 

Anspach, Peter. Capt., 2d Continental 
artillery; asst. quartermaster gen 
eral. 1651, 1977. Letters from : 1653, 
2301, 2312. Letters to : 1653, 2299. 
Anspach regiment. See under German 

allied troops. 
Anstruther, John. Lt. col., 62d Foot, 

British army. 542. 

Anstruther. William. Capt., 26th Foot, 
British army. 178. 



Antill, Christine. Wife of Edward. 

Letter from : 2351. 

Antill, Edward. Lt. col, 2d Canadian 
regiment. 62,101,1603,2351; captured, 
404; exchange, 1288; officers letter 
to, 1964 ; ordered to Albany, 1852-3 ; 
provisions for his family, 1316, 1326, 
2330, 2351; to join his regiment, 
2324; his regiment, 231, 252; regi 
mental orders, from 2014. Letters 
from: 124, 229, 231, 252, 421, 1288, 
1745, 1779, 1989, 2325. 2330, 2348, 
2396. Letters to: 322, 323, 1744, 
1778, 1852, 2324, 2326. 
Antilles. See West Indies. 
Antoinette, Marie. See Marie Antoin 
ette. 
Aorson, Aaron. Ca-pt., 3d New York 

regiment. Letter from : 708. 
Appleton, Abraham. Lt., 2d New Jer 
sey regiment. 1024. 
Applications, 902, 2208. 
Appointments, 58, 148, 258, 266, 268, 
515, 561, 577, 580, 619, 829, 864, 955, 
985, 1038, 1041, 1045, 1069, 1070, 
1110, 1136, 1159, 1342, 1352, 1360, 
1380, 1387, 1450, 1452, 1503, 1506, 
1507, 1552, 1580, 1596, 1602, 1612-13. 
1621, 1630, 1634, 1641, 1684, 1689, 
1692, 1699, 1706, 1707, 1708, 1715, 
1718, 1722, 1740, 1755, 1758, 1761, 
1762, 1768, 1804, 1810, 1816, 1817. 
1819, 1823, 1843, 1845, 1854, 1928, 
2031, 2037, 2077, 2102, 2106, 2150, 
2151, 2207, 2219, 2223, 2239, 2370, 
2371, 2373, 2379, 2383, 2387, 2388, 
2390, 2393; applications, 1619, 2378; 
British, 2103, 2109, 2224, 2229; com 
plaints, 605; difficulties, 1803; feel 
ing caused by, 1448, 1449; forms, 
893; influence, 288; method, 191; 
motives behind, 1769; power, 2025; 
protest against, 1469; recommended, 
1924; refused, 208, 1641, 1810; re 
quest, 1400; uneasiness caused by, 
1448, 1449, 1794, 1813. See also un 
der Officers. 

Appraisement, charge, 194. 
Appropriations, money for troops, 2267. 
Arbitration, contract dispute, 2116; 
contractors refuse. 2067 ; forage con 
sumption claim, 2149, 2150, 2151. 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

1065-1213 1383-1658 J 879-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2468 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Arbitrators (Referees), of contract 
disputes, 2048, 2054, 2100, 2118, 2150, 
2157, 2168, 2232 ; meeting, 2154, 2156, 
2164, 2165, 2199, 2214, 2235, 2238; 
contractors refuse to submit dispute 
to, 2117-18; Arbitrators, of forage 
consumption, 2032, 2150, 2151. 

Arbuthnot, Charles. Capt., 16th Foot, 
British army. 2242. 

Arbuthnot, Marriot. Vice adml., Brit 
ish navy; commanding at New York. 
Action with Destouches, 1766, 1768; 
arrival at New York, 1118, 1126, 
1129, 1533, 1863; conference with 
Clinton, 1467; demands beef, 1495; 
disagreement with Clinton, 1511 ; his 
fleet, 1405, 1407, 1495, 1802, 1837. 
1872; position at Marthas Vineyard, 
1495 ; position at Sanely Hook, 1872 ; 
requests better treatment of British 
prisoners, 1794 ; summons Charleston 
to surrender, 1304. Letters from: 
1304, 1794. Letters to: 1305, 1692, 
1927. 

Archer, Henry. Cornet, Lee s dragvons. 
891, 937, 938. Letter from : 891. 

Archer, H. W., of Middlebrook, New 
Jersey. 939. Letter from : 953. 

Archer, John. Brevet capt., volunteer 
aide to Wayne. 1008, 1088, 1090. 

Arden, Christopher. Hospital mate, 
British army. 664, 668, 669. 

Arendt, Henry Leonard Philip, Baron 
d . Col., German regiment, Conti 
nental army. 350, 390, 449, 494 ; ap 
pointed to command, 300; commis 
sion, 442; conduct of, 480; difficulty 
with officers, 640; at Fort Mifflin, 
442, 471 ; needs armed boats and re- 
enforcements, 448, 450; desires to 
resume service, 632 ; ideas on defense 
of Fort Mifflin, 445, 450, 472; joins 
his regiment, 640; physical condi 
tion, 448, 465, 632 ; requests transfer, 
390 ; returns to America and reports 
to Congress, 1649; skirmish, 418; 
suspected of joining British, 2148; 
Washington s confidence in, 442. 
Letters from : 390, 418, 442, 445, 448, 
450, 480, 632, 1649. Letters and in- 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Arendt, Henry Leonard Philip Contd. 
structions to : 350, 423, 441, 442, 448, 
640. Regiment, 327, 390, 640. 

ARGO. Rhode Island privateer sloop. 
1301, 1302. 

ARIEL. French ship of war. 1730. 

Armand-Tuffin, Charles, Marquis de la 
Rouerie. Lt. col., inspector of cav 
alry; Col., Pulaski s legion and Ar- 
mand s Partisan corps; Brig, gen., 
Continental army. 225, 589, 729, 
800, 907, 955, 996, 1704, 2018, 2033, 
2254, 2320, 2365, 2407 ; advances his 
personal money to soldiers, 2025, 
2226; arrested, 1110, 1746; charges 
against, 1062, 1075; compelled to 
leave the army, 2052; conduct ap 
proved by Washington, 1179; Con 
gress assurances to, 2025; court of 
inquiry on, 1075; court martial, 
1068; exploits, 783, 790, 1171, 1176: 
feeling for Washington, 2454; hopes 
to be restored to Washington s favor. 
1657; desires land grants, 2437, 
2438; honored by the king, 1924: 
journey to France to outfit his le 
gion, 1673, 1675, 1690; loss of his 
papers, 1562, 2446 ; plan for cavalry. 
2176, 2192; plan for settlement of 
western lands, 2437; promotion and 
rank, 852, 906, 1210, 1212, 1617, 2076, 
2369, 2398; receives cross of St. 
Louis, 1836; requests orders, 785; 
requests place in the peace establish 
ment, 2365, 2370; requests Washing 
ton s influence, 839, 852, 1616, 1705, 
2446, 2456; requests permission to 
have a portrait made of Washing 
ton, 2456; services. 833, 1210, 1212, 
1246, 1247, 2264, 2446, 2456; situ 
ation, 1705 ; unable to get along with 
Sterling, 1657; Washington on his 
merit, 1210, 1247, 1622, 1704, 2457; 
Wa shington s kindness to, 1924. Let 
ters, orders, etc., from: 589, 783, 
785, 787, 789, 790, 833, 839, 852, 906, 
955, 1176, 1212, 1246, 1562, 1617. 
1657, 1673, 1705, 1924, 1968, 1973. 
2025, 2051, 2064, 2076, 2136, 2176, 
2226, 2286, 2320, 2365, 2388, 2392, 
2437, 2438, 2446, 2454. Letters, or- 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2469 



Armand-Tuffin, Charles, Marquis de la 
Rouerie Coutinued. 
ders, instructions, etc., to: 323, 341, 
400, 583. 788, 907, 914, 1062, 1068, 
1206, 1210. 1247, 1597, 1622, 1675, 
1960. 1968, 1978, 1986, 2017, 2037, 
2179, 2192, 2264. 2353. 2369, 2370, 
2395, 2438, 2448, 2450, 2457. 
Armand s legion, 583, 678. 697, 732, 
955, 996, 1170, 1673, 1725. 1855, 2226, 
2264; accouterments, 833, 1924, 1973, 
1978, 2010, 2025; clothing, 626, 864, 
996, 1675, 1690. 1924, 2010, 2025, 
2052; complaints against, 409, 1657; 
condition of, 906, 1652, 1968, 2179; 
conduct of, 2450; discipline, 2450; 
continuance in the service, 2437 ; dis 
charged, 2448, 2454 ; dismounting of, 
1968; draft for. 1978. 1986; equip 
ment, 1673, 1675, 1690, 1702, 2052, 
2064; establishment of corps, 1597; 
furloughs for, 1216; horses, 1690, 
1702. 1973, 1978, 2025, 2037. 2046, 
2052, 2136; incorporation of, 1247, 
2365, 2437; land grants for. 2437, 
2438; movements and positions, 683, 
702, 785, 787, 906, 950, 959, 1062, 
1068, 1206, 1207, 1216, 1247, 1968. 
1986. 2025. 2037, 2040, 2052, 2064. 
2076, 2187, 2226; officers, 718, 839. 
852, 903, 1212, 1597, 1657, 1675, 1973, 
1978, 2025, 2037. 2052, 2388, 2438, 
2456 ; pay. 833, 2226 ; recruiting. 651, 
914, 996, 1009, 1661, 1690, 1968. 1973, 
1978, 2025, 2037; rendezvous for, 
1973; returns, 729, 1510. 2052; serv 
ice, 852; supplies. 867, 996, 1924, 
2009, 2037, 2076: uselessness of, 1740. 
Armed vessels (boats, gunboats, etc.), 
77, 81. 86, 93, 96, 160, 429, 680, 705. 
882; 

British, building, 985; captured, 
512, 2293. 2307, 2344-5, 2348, 2352 ; 
expedition, 2226; galley pursued. 
2322; protect clandestine trade, 
2345; 

captured with illicit goods, 2346; 
captures by, 131, 357, 1310; 

Continental, 30, 35, 41, 47, 54, 
58, 64, 67, 72, 117 ; agents instruc 
tions, 34 ; ammunition, 30, 34 ; 
arms, 28, 30, 27: artillery stores 



Armed vessels Continued. 

on, 88; British sailors to serve on, 
65; captains, 1685; captures by, 
51, 135 ; cargoes, 41 ; commanders, 
29 ; commissaries for, 33 ; condi 
tion of, 35 ; controller of accounts, 
35; crews for, 28, 35, 41, 49, 111. 
1685; disposition of, 23; employ 
ment of, 112, 115, 1759; equip 
ment, 23, 28, 37, 171 ; expectations 
from, 39; fitting out, 23, 25, 26, 
27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 
37, 38, 39, 40, 49, 63, 102 ; flag, 31 ; 
flour for, 37; galleys, 447; guns, 
30, 36 ; instructions, 28, 33, 34, 52 ; 
on Lake Champlain, 163, 196; 
list of, 35; loss of, 196; manning 
of, 35; movements, 40; mutiny, 
49; nails, 38; needed,- 450; or 
dered to sea, 41 ; powder, 37 ; pro 
visions for, 1685 ; prize money, 
35; prizes, 39; repairs, 36; sailing 
of, 37, 38, 41; supplies for, 163; 
surgeon for, 30, 31; see also 
Adams, Daniel. Armed galleys. 
Ayres, John. Bowen, Ephraim. 
Broughton, Nicholson. Coit, Wil 
liam. Hannah. Harrison. Manly, 
John. Martindale Sion. Priva 
teers, Watson, William ; 

galleys, 173, 183, 321, 331, 478; 
building, 158; cannon from, 577; 
to defend Fort Mifflin, 455; in the 
Delaware, 437;, destroyed, 573; 
dismantled, 574, 602; encounter 
with enemy, 161; fail to destroy 
Vigilant, 475; fail to oppose Brit 
ish, 467 ; fitting out, 321 ; needed, 
271, 311, 324, 450; Pennsylvania 
at Red Bank, 444 ; protection of, 
574; seamen for, 272. 437, 523, 
724; 

on Lake Champion, 161, 171, 173, 
175; ordered south, 100; refitting, 
1759; regulations, 183; safety, 963; 
success, 923; supplies for, 142, 161; 
in York river, 1771. 
Armies, allied (French and Conti 
nental), boats for, 1977; bravery of, 
1970; damage done in Virginia by, 
1989 ; embark at Head of Elk, 1939, 
1943, 1945; forage consumed in 



1779 1780 1781 

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894-1065 1213-1382 16o8-187D 

1065-1213 1383-1658 18J9-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2470 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Armies, allied Continued. 

Westchester county by, 2000. 2022, 
2032, 2034, 2074, 2113, 2120, 2150, 
2151-2, 2171 ; Greene s cooperation 
with, 1957 ; halt of, 1934 ; killed and 
wounded at Yorktown, 1985; march 
to Virginia, 1939, 1945, 1946, 1948; 
transportation down the Chesa 
peake, 1939, 1941, 1943, 1944, 1945, 
1948, 1949, 1977. 

Armistead, William. Ensign, llth 
Virginia regiment. 274. 

Armistice. See Hostilities. 

Armoiid, James. British soldier. 598. 

Armorers, 132, 137. 34G, 934. 1930, 
2099; brigade, 2223; delay, 262; 
difficulty in procuring, 934; employ 
ment of, 110 ; exempt from military 
duty, 1643; Hessian prisoners em 
ployed as, 2223, 2225, 2227; needed, 
101, 1251, 2223. 

Armories, 1602, 1614, 1644, 1650, 1651, 
1780, 2373. 

Arms, 47, 53, 70, 72, SO, 87, 97, 100, 
101, 106, 110, 111, 115, 127, 141, 142, 
147, 148, 149, 157, 161, 169, 229, 
243, 251, 257, 260, 267, 276, 278, 2S1, 
283, 292, 294, 297, 298, 310, 316, 
326, 331, 342, 345, 353, 356, 360, 381, 
385, 406, 443, 444, 449, 500, 509, 527, 
528, 548, 532, 554, 579, 601, 604, 606, 
609, 611, 612, 615, 618, 624, 629, 633, 
640, 683, 721, 736. 749, 753, 1110. 
1239, 1270, 1374, 1397, 1413, 1433, 
1441, 1474, 1494, 1530. 1585. 1595, 
1696, 1721, 1729, 1752, 1766, 1833, 
1982, 2038, 2041, 2042, 2168, 2273, 
2280, 2379 ; applications for, 54, 288, 
317, 360, 368, 628, 1087; blunder 
busses, 1857: 

British, 445; captured, 225, 403, 
449, 1082, 1565, 1828, 1972, 1973 ; in 
officers baggage, 108; with pa 
roled prisoners, 1816; 
care of, 299, 1318, 1656, 1684, 1689, 
1740, 2460 ; chests, 511 ; collection of, 
285, 449, 622, 1698, 2460; contract 
for, 1613 ; Convention troops ordered 
to take, 912; damaged, 303; defi 
ciency, 346, 641, 973, 996, 1002, 1012, 
1158, 1165. 1414; delayed. 626, 630, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-00 



Arms Continued. 

637, 661, 1053 ; delivery of, 620, 744, 
2223; detention of, 2137; from dis 
charged troops, 204, 721, 722, 1252. 
1425, 2403; disposal of, 2404; found, 
371 ; from France, 253, 281, 282, 292, 
354, 532, 642, 843, 1232, 1406, 1408, 
1424, 1629, 1737, 1742; from France 
and Holland, 80 ; furnished refugees, 
1621; Hessians ready to lay down, 
2201; in hospitals, 539; inspection 
of, 328 ; issue of, 284, 320, 389, 1237, 
1600, 1629, 1656, 2110; loans, 360, 
1424, 1425 ; lost, 230, 232, 241 ; loss of. 
247, 289, 1251, 1311, 1360, 1420; in 
magazine, 1432 ; manual of, 715, 940 ; 
manufacture of, 79 ; marking of, 281, 
289, 293, 299, 312; militia, 348, 406, 
430, 446, 728, 736, 739, 1470, 1629. 
1674, 2383; money for, 277, 1613; 
muskets, 1, 143, 268, 650, 2117 ; Brit 
ish muskets, 1082; need of, 77, 81, 
96, 97, 98, 99, 131, 133, 134, 137, 138. 
141, 144, 150, 157, 277, 283, 320, 330, 
333, 364, 410, 416, 419, 532, 565, 606. 
607, 617, 620, 621, 626, 627, 635, 641, 
950, 989, 1000, 1034, 1074, 1324, 1384. 
1414, 1420, 1421, 1477, 1520, 1527, 
1580, 1590, 1670, 1714, 1767, 1787, 
1815, 1836, 1852, 1938, 1951, 2133, 
2260; obtaining of, 81, 198, 273, 619, 
641, 643, 967, 1942; oil for, 2136; 
pay for use of, 225; private owner 
ship, 311; promised, 1591; purchase 
of, 71, 89, 148, 191, 195, 234, 255, 274, 
275, 286 ; recovery of, 264, 1414 ; for 
recruits, 252, 280. 1077, 1078, 1086, 
1357, 2109, 2197; regulations, 918: 
repair of, 101, 109, 123, 146, 243, 
257, 284, 285, 292, 293, 299, 511, 527. 
543, 554, 566, 571, 574, 590, 722, 733, 
735, 918, 934, 1032, 1169, 1434, 1613, 
1626, 1648, 1737, 1739, 1741, 1745. 
1766, 1869, 2194, 2197, 2221, 2223, 
2260, 2460; retention of, 1169, 2379; 
returns, 275, 532, 641, 886, 1181, 1682, 
1,809, 2131; Scotch, 144, 149; search 
for, 661 ; seizure of, 98 ; state of, 103, 
1670, 2460; storage of, 622, 2167: 
supply, 131, 277, 406, 1252, 1259, 
1268 ; theft of, 157. 324 ; tools, 1478 ; 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2471 



Arms Continued. , 
transportation, 114, 140, 297, 302, 
310, 311, 323, 345, 395, 440, 514 ; for 
warding, 530, 574, 618, 619, 626, 636, 
967, 1408, 1683, 1S09, 1853 ; for volun 
teers, 408; wagons, 933; Washing 
ton s call for, 406 ; wasted, 543. See 
also Carbines. 

Armstrong, James. Lt., North Caro 
lina dragoons. 605. 

Armstrong, John. Lt., 3d Pennsyl 
vania regiment. 1265. 

Armstrong, John. Physician. 260. 

Armstrong, John. Brig, gen., Conti 
nental army; brig, and maj. gen., 
Pennsylvania militia. 244, 260, 348, 
405, 424, 425, 498, 500, 506, 613, 
2011 ; correspondence with Pennsyl 
vania council, 512; elected to Con 
gress, 874; his force, 503, 510; in 
vited to council of war, 604; opin 
ions, 485, 490, 495, 1746, 2011; at 
Swede s ford, 421. Letters from: 
244, 260, 286, 348, 421, 444, 446, 
485, 490, 500, 503, 506. 510, 512, 541, 
604, 613, 873, 1746, 2011, 2160. Let 
ters to : 266, 357, 404, 416, 432, 508, 
585, 1076, 1759, 2316. 

Armstrong, Thomas. Capt., 5th North 
Carolina regiment. Letter from : 
1043. 

Armstrong, Thomas. Col., New York 
militia. Letter from : 2160. 

Armstrong, Thomas. Capt., 102d Foot, 
British army; asst. deputy quarter 
master general in America. 2372. 

Armstrong, William, 1770. 

Army, American prejudice against 
military men, 2442. 

Army, British, 30, 83, 84, 102, 
164, 169, 187. 200, 230, 231, 253, 256, 
257, 258, 298, 338, 355, 373, 377, 384, 
405, 414, 420, 427, 430, 449, 468, 469, 
470, 471, 475, 479, 489, 491, 493, 500, 
506, 507, 532, 544, 562, 582, 589, 599, 
621, 638, 644, 653, 661, 664, 666, 667, 
669, 678, 682, 685, 691, 717, 721, 727, 
737, 741, 755, 769, 771, 776, 777, 781, 
787, 788, 800, 810, 811, 812, 813, 814, 
818, 819, 821, 822, 825, 833, 834, 835, 
836, 840, 843, 848, 850, 858, 868, 873, 



Army, British Continued. 

880, 881, 887, 889, 895, 906, 929, 937, 
961, 968, 969, 970, 972, 974, 983, 990, 
993, 1014, 1021, 1025, 1027, 1035, 
1039, 1050, 1057, 1059, 1060, 1063, 
1070, 1082, 1092, 1101, 1108, 1120, 
1122, 1124, 1125, 1126, 1127, 1128, 
1132, 1136, 1137, 1138, 1139, 1141, 
1142, 1147, 1152, 1161, 1165, 1166, 
1168, 1175, 1177, 1178, 1180, 1181, 
1190, 1198, 1208, 1210, 1211, 1229, 
1232, 1240, 1245, 1255. 1258, 1259, 
1266, 1272, 1273, 1275. 1281. 1283, 
1284, 1289, 1296, 1321, 1324. 1340, 
1341, 1343, 1344, 1345, 1350, 1351, 
1357, 1358, 1361, 1362, 1363, 1371, 
1391, 1405, 1406, 1415, 1420, 1437, 
1454, 1470, 1478, 1482, 1490. 1523, 
1542, 1556, 1557, 1563, 1573, 1574, 
1575, 1576, 1605, 1607, 1617, 1623, 
1624, 1630, 1650, 1657, 1665, 1678, 
1695. 1710, 1712, 1722, 1732, 1770, 
1785, 1794, 1808, 1818, 1819, 1825, 1826. 
1828, 1836, 1837, 1838. 1848, 1861, 
1864, 1865, 1869, 1870, 1871. 1882, 
1905, 1907, 1908, 1918, 1920, 1927, 
1934, 1940, 1943, 1950, 1952, 1953, 
1955, 1958, 1959, 1981, 1983, 1987, 
1995, 2009, 2031, 2042, 2065, 2072, 2091, 
2094, 2095, 2097, 2115, 2123, 2128, 2132, 
2160, 2162, 2191, 2194, 2228, 2236, 
2238, 2249, 2249-50, 2255, 2266, 2267, 
2268, 2272, 2280, 2281, 2311, 2321, 
2344, 2346, 2357-58, 2359, 2360, 2372, 
2415, 2417, 2421, 2439, 2442, 2452, 
2460; abandons expedition against 
the French, 1434 ; abandons the of 
fensive, 819; activity of, 1009, 1424, 
1454, 2120, 2200; see also Army, 
British, quietness of; address to 
soldiers of, 2105; advance of, 118, 
183, 205, 209, 210, 211, 278, 327. 331, 
333, 342, 344, 345, 346, 351, 353, 354, 
355, 357, 362, 366, 367, 368, 369, 387, 
411, 414, 417, 418, 419, 431, 432, 433, 
477, 480, 502, 503, 552, 625, 626, 630, 
642, 646, 650, 651, 661, 665, 669, 691, 
738, 742, 754, 756, 757, 758, 762, 766, 
778, 811, 814, 840, 842, 851, 875, 910, 
924, 925, 947, 991, 1036, 1037, 1038, 
1041, 1053, 1054, 1061, 1078, 10,83, 



1779 1780 1781 

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1782 1783 

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2472 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Army, British Continued. 

1084. 1085, 1086, 1088, 1154, 1157, 
1164, 1165, 1172, 1177, 1182, 1250, 
1251, 1309, 1323, 1332, 1357, 1358, 
1369, 1373, 1571, 1586, 1596, 1600, 
1601, 1607, 1624, 1659, 1680, 1695, 
1697. 1717, 1736, 1795, 1801, 1813, 
1826, 1829, 1832, 1838, 1844, 1853, 
1865, 1904, 1909, 1970, 1983, 1985, 
1995, 2078, 2091, 2132, 2155. 2209; 
agreement with Allen, 1591, 1807-8, 
2132; aid to, 262, 463, 698. 1119, 
1793 ; alarms and fears of, 441, 482, 
484, 951, 985, 1055, 1151, 1159, 1218, 
1232, 1316, 1327, 1328, 1342, 1343, 
1366, 1395, 1637, 1948, 2065, 2160, 
2248; amazed at spirit of militia, 
1384 ; American troops joining, 
1813; answer to merchants respect 
ing evacuation of New York, 855; 
arts of, 175; assassination parties, 
1774 ; attacks, enterprises, etc., of, 
380, 381, 443, 559, 664, 744, 745, 759, 
928, 931, 933, 937, 952, 958, 965, 
1027, 1103, 1252, 1254, 1286, 1322, 
1328, 1371, 1411, 1412, 1415, 1416, 
1417, 1418, 1420, 1421-22. 1426, 1429, 
1432, 1434, 1441, 1442, 1464, 1498, 
1511, 1523, 1531, 1608, 1627, 1630, 
1695, 1701, 1749, 2237, 2366 ; see also 
Battles; attacks, enterprises, etc., 
against, 220, 309, 410, 415, 425, 448, 
463, 481, 484, 507, 651, 659, 660, 661, 
665, 666, 779. 891, 1035, 1047, 1066, 
1097, 1115, 1146, 1192, 1234, 1237, 
1243, 1259, 1378, 1532, 1693, 1712, 
1877, 1933, 1984, 2128, 2128-29; see 
also Battles, and under place names ; 
billeting, 489, 502; brigades, 262; 
second brigade, 199; burnings by, 
443, 630, 781, 1021, 1071, 1074, 1076, 
1087, 1089, 1373, 1575, 1586, 1670, 
1991, 1995; calls to join, 897; com 
manding officers,- 721, 1546, 1647, 
1835, 1885, 2103, 2108; camps and 
cantonments, 487, 757, 820, 843, 876, 
868, 1863. 1864, 1947, 2030, 2148, 
2158, 2312; captures mail, 1776, 
1850, 1851, 1864; captures money, 
1475; carrying away American 
negroes and property, 2377, 2386-87, 

1775 
Pages 

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Army, British Continued. 

2389, 2397, 2399, 2404, 2405, 2406, 2407, 
2419 ; carrying out of treaty stipula 
tions, 2423, 2424; caution of. 505, 
823, 1078, 1953, 1958, 1961; change 
in conduct of the war, 1897; charge 
violation of paroles by American 
officers, 1060; claim against, 2293; 
commander in chief, 782, 2103, 2108 ; 
communications of, 452, 1827, 2375; 
concern over Washington s reen- 
forcements, 473 ; conditions in, 1793 ; 
conduct, brutality, etc., of, 42, 587, 
615, 616, 775, 788, 907, 989, 990, 1027. 
1033, 1049, 1071, 1072, 1076, 1077, 
1078, 1089, 1095. 1097, 1100, 1101. 
1143, 1170. 1181, 1591, 1790, 1897, 
2105, 2178, 2191, 2439 ; confidence of, 
1870; contempt for American army, 
1356; correspondence with, 1228, 
1273, 1550, 1750, 1761, 1830, 1835, 
1876, 1990, 2002, 2007, 2053, 2079, 
2091, 2127, 2132, 2133, 2149; critical 
time for, 682 ; cuts canal from North 
to East rivers, 2052; date of sailing 
from America, 2454; debt for pris 
oners, 2244; deception of, 784, 1003, 
1349, 1612, 1730. 1934; deceptions 
practiced by, 551, 1978; destruction 
and damage caused by, 614, 615, 
635, 638, 639, 787, 851, 1078, 1574, 
1575, 2059; defeats, repulses, etc., 
445, 446, 448, 535, 717, 770. 809. 1321, 
1392, 1546, 1559, 1625, 1749, 1951-52, 
1987, 1989, 2002, 2158, 2173, 2447; 
see also Battles, Defensive war, 
2065, 2133; desultory war plan of, 
1030; discharged soldiers permitted 
to remain in America, 2431; disposi 
tion of soldiers, 940; distress of, 
4, 247, 906, 908 ; distribution of Con 
gress resolves in, 605; drafts in 
habitants, 1057; effect of defeats, 
etc., on, 1101, 1345, 1929, 1931; ef 
forts to corrupt militia, 1765; efforts 
to seduce Jersey mutineers, 1697; 
embarkations, 143, 166, 243, 336, 
337, 338. 476, 482, 485, 486, 555, 579, 
582, 584, 626, 628, 638, 728, 739, 748, 
749, 753, 756, 757, 767, 773, 783, 789, 
791, 793, 794, 796, 797, 798, 800, 803, 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-5^5 675-894 



INDEX 



2473 



Army, British Continued. 

804, 806, 809, 810, 811, 816, 817, 820, 
822, 824, 825, 826, 827, 830, 834, 
836, 837, 839, 843, 844, 853, 859, 957, 
984, 985, 993, 994, 995, 996, 1000, 
1001, 1002, 1004. 1008. 1093, 1102, 

. 1109, 1129, 1133, 1134, 1137, 1139, 
1140, 1142, 1143. 1148, 1150, 1157, 
1159, 1171, 1176. 1180, 1182, 1197, 
1199, 1200, 1203, 1212, 1297, 1299, 
1312, 1314, 1316, 1318-19, 1336, 1337, 
1373, 1400, 1401, 1407, 1409, 1412, 
1413, 1417, 1418, 1422, 1425, 1448, 
1453, 1454, 1458, 1462, 1466, 1469, 
1511, 1522, 1527, 1539. 1541, 1542, 
1546, 1550, 1558, 1562, 1565, 1566, 
1567, 1580, 1581, 1591, 1595, 1596, 
1597, 1599, 1600, 1606, 1616, 1628, 
1633, 1635, 1636, 1637, 1638, 1639, 
1640, 1642, 1644, 1646, 1650, 1651, 
1655, 1691, 1729, 1751, 1778, 1780, 
1783, 1784, 1787, 1788, 1790, 1791, 
1802, 1809, 1823, 1840, 1900, 1904, 
1909, 1918, 1937, 1943, 1950, 1957, 
1968, 1972, 2011, 2021, 2084, 2097, 
2107, 2109, 2116, 2122, 2125, 2126, 
2217, 2218, 2235, 2239, 2248, 2255, 
2259, 2276, 2280, 2296, 2299, 2303, 
2371, 2372, 2387, 2389, 2408, 2419, 
2431, 2441 ; evacuations of various 
places, 353, 355, 432, 452, 617, 628, 
633, 639, 640, 649, 651, 652, 751, 789, 
791, 799, 808, 810, 814, 823, 824, 827, 
834, 839, 840, 845, 848, 855, 861, 863, 
865, 871, 873, 881, 886, 892, 910, 927, 
950, 977, 983, 1050, 1057, 1062, 1091, 
1134, 1135, 1142, 1151, 1155, 1158, 
1159, 1160, 1163, 1167, 1168, 1170, 
1173, 1828, 1978, 1995, 2002, 2010, 
2063, 2076, 2101, 2106, 2116, 2121, 
2129, 2141, 2159, 2170, 2172, 2175, 
2193, 2197, 2207, 2213, 2215, 2216, 
2225, 2229, 2235, 2236, 2238, 2240, 
2247, 2248, 2253, 2255, 2258, 2266, 
2269, 2270, 2271, 2272, 2273, 2274, 
2275, 2276, 2277, 2279, 2285, 2286, 
2287, 2290, 2292, 2294, 2298, 2300, 
2303, 2311, 2319, 2323, 2328, 2360, 
2363, 2387, 2389, 2397, 2423, 2424, 
2428, 2429, 2438, 2439, 2441, 2442, 
2443, 2444, 2445, 2447, 2449, 2450, 



Army, British Continued. 

2452, 2453; excitement caused by 
Pennsylvania mutiny, 1678; expect 
attacks, 380, 1498, 1608, 1916; ex 
peditions, 68, 362, 396, 443, 476, 501, 
502, 559, 564, 611, 639, 706, 734, 747, 
751, 781, 788, 789, 795, 803, 840, 922. 
951, 964, 967, 988, 1014, 1040, 1050. 
1067, 1093, 1126, 1132, 1136, 1144, 
1151, 1198, 1278, 1283, 1300, 1305. 
1321, 1326, 1351, 1426, 1427, 1429, 
1442, 1451, 1453, 1515, 1531, 1535. 
1551, 1556, 1568, 1569, 1574, 1585. 
1593, 1603, 1624, 1646, 1660, 1662, 
1737, 1747, 1754, 1863, 1999, 2013, 
2023, 2065, 2111, 2140, 2236, 2238, 
2247, 2253, 2281 ; see also Army, Brit 
ish, movements; experience with 
cannon, 375; feeling against France, 
491 ; feeling among troops, 319, 479 ; 
letter to flag officer at Verplanck s. 
389; flying camp, 219, 405, 1613; 
formation, 667 ; foreign troops, 2218 ; 
see also under German allied troops ; 
friendly relations with, 2416 ; general 
view of, 2102 ; list of German troops 
with, 1657; health, 272, 376, 807, 
1150, 1943, 1953, 1962; hutting, 862, 
1182; idea of American force, 1314; 
ignorant of de Grasse s approach, 
1870; ignorant of Wayne s presence, 
422 ; and Indians, 930, 976, 1065, 1363. 
1422, 1584, 1689, 1736, 1979, 2031, 
2236; inducement to Continental 
soldiers to desert, 1350; information 
to be given to, 1269 ; infringement of 
provisional treaty of peace, 2397; 
inquiries as to Washington s posi 
tion, 494; inspector of embarkation 
at New York, 2389; intentions and 
designs of, 141, 155, 170, 175, 188, 
203, 212, 220, 221, 223, 234, 235, 239, 
257, 258, 259, 269, 270, 272, 278, 281, 
286, 290, 292, 295, 296, 308, 309, 311, 
317, 318, 322,327, 332, 336, 341, 344,345, 

. 346, 351, 353, 354, 357, 360, 361, 365, 
368, 382, 385, 386, 387, 394, 398, 405, 
413, 421, 424, 429, 433, 477, 482, 489, 
491, 502, 503, 504, 508, 522, 533, 561, 
578, 585, 610, 618, 626, 629, 634, 636, 
637, 638, 643, 644, 647, 649, 650, 657, 



1779 1780 1781 

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56214 VOL 4 15 2 



1782 1783 

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2014-2160 2312-2412 

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2474 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Army, British Continued. 

661, 663, 679, 680, 691, 729, 731, 735, 
737, 741, 742, 748, 752, 753, 755, 756, 
757, 759, 761, 763, 764, 765, 769, 770, 
771, 776, 779, 793, 795, 799, 802, 804, 
808, 813, 821, 825, 826, 831, 834, 873, 
877, 887, 940, 949, 950, 952, 955, 956, 
958, 960, 961, 963, 964, 1020, 1025, 
1027, 1041, 1045, 1046, 1047, 1048, 
1049, 1051, 1052, 1063, 1065, 1078, 
1090, 1094, 1107, 1127, 1140, 1173, 
1176, 1193, 1195, 1205, 1211, 1233, 
1234, 1235, 1240, 1251, 1258, 1272, 
1275, 1276, 12S3, 1285, 1323, 1333, 
1345, 1347, 1364, 1369, 1372, 1373, 
1375, 1377, 1378. 1379, 1382, 1385, 
1427, 1447, 1484. 1489, 1503, 1511, 
1528, 1529, 1531, 1534, 1588, 1608, 
1644, 1663, 1731, 1765, 1830, 1838, 
1844, 1855, 1864, 1933, 1960, 1991, 
2040, 2055, 2109, 2145, 2155, 2162, 
2166, 2170, 2172, 2213, 2230, 2237, 
2244, 2247, 2248, 2251, 2255, 2256, 
2362 ; intercourse with, 498, 502, 533, 
589, 598, 612, 806, 900, 1113, 1201, 
1204, 1217, 1223, 1233, 1256, 1347, 
1765, 2068, 2069, 2151, 2156, 2186, 
2290, 2300, 2352 ; Sir John Johnson s 
cooperation with, 1154; junction of 
troops, 1841; levies, 837, 999, 1756, 
2030, 2099; 

Lines and outposts, 463, 479, 
503, 588, 700, 702. 772, 775, 777, 
783, 909, 1016, 1032, 1083, 1106, 
11-50, 1192, 1273, 1356, 1384, 1454, 
1478. 1504, 1556, 1578, 1593, 1596, 
1597, 1624, 1809, 1859, 1860, 1890, 
1904, 2068, 2085, 2137, 2140, 2144, 
2155, 2193, 2203, 2204, 2222, 2242, 
2315, 2326, 2355, 2361-62, 2363, 
2411, 2433; artillery withdrawn 
from, 1251; called in, 1864; de 
serters from, 1363 ; friendliness on, 
2297; permits to enter, 937, 1249, 
1510, 2044, 2111, 2147, 2198, 2248, 
2250, 2251 ; relinquished, 2450 ; 
losses, 1, 162, 199, 305, 355, 401, 404, 
405, 414, 430, 435, 440, 447, 449, 672, 
673, 677, 681, 682, 683, 734, 742, 938, 
1078, 1286, 1457, 1492, 1585, 1686, 
1751, 1765, 1948, 1955 ; see also Killed 



1775 

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JANUARY-JUNE 1 

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Army, British Continued. 

and wounded; movements, 90, 137, 
143, 155, 165, 166, 179, 182, 197, 200, 
202, 204, 205, 206, 212, 217, 219, 220, 
222, 224, 228, 242, 251, 252, 258, 267, 
269, 274, 280, 281, 295, 298, 299, 303, 
304, 305, 310, 312, 318, 320, 327, 328, 
330, 334, 337, 340. 342, 345, 347, 348, 351 , 
352, 353, 354, 355, 360, 363, 373, 376, 
377, 378, 379, 388, 389, 404, 405, 407, 
408, 410, 413, 420, 421, 428, 429, 433, 
437, 439, 441, 448, 451, 452, 454, 472, 
475, 477, 478, 479, 485, 486, 488, 493, 
497, 498, 506, 508, 509, 515, 522, 558, 
579, 582, 586, 615, 623, 625, 626, 629, 
630, 633, 634, 635, 637, 638, 639, 640, 
641, 642, 643, 645, 649, 651, 652, 653, 
655, 657, 658, 659, 660, 661, 663, 664, 
665, 666, 668, 669, 671, 672, 676, 679, 691 , 
702, 715, 716, 717, 718, 724, 731, 737, 
739,. 741, 744, 746, 748, 749, 750, 751, 
752, 753, 754, 757, 758, 759, 761, 762, 
763, 764, 767, 768, 772, 773. 778, 779, 
783, 784, 785, 787, 788, 790, 791, 795, 
796, 799, 800, 801, 806, 810, 813, 818, 
821, 822, 825, 837, 840, 841, 845, 850, 
859, 863, 875, 876, 877, 898, 910, 920. 
922, 928, 944, 946, 956, 959, 961, 970, 
974, 985, 987, 993, 1000, 1001, 1006, 
1012, 1014, 1026, 1027, 1028, 1032, 
1033, 1043, 1044, 1047, 1060, 1063, 
1069, 1071, 1077, 1082, 1086, 1088, 
1089, 1091, 1100, 1102, 1104, 1120, 
1157, 1160, 1163, 1169, 1170, 1172. 
1173, 1175, 1180, 1193, 1211, 1251, 
1272, 1277, 1285, 1289, 1305, 1314, 
1320, 1321, 1330, 1333. 1338, 1357, 
1359, 1362, 1366, 1367, 1369, 1371, 
1374, 1377, 1378, 1379, 1381, 1392, 
1400, 1405, 1413, 1421, 1422, 1424, 
1425, 1428, 1432, 1434, 1445, 1449, 
1451, 1460, 1461, 1466, 1469, 1470, 
1471, 1482, 1484, 1490, 1493, 1495, 
1497, 1500, 1502, 1504, 1511, 1535, 
1536, 1546, 1555, 1556, 1558, 1568, 
1570, 1577, 15SO, 1582, 1587, 1590, 
1600, 1614, 1616, 1621, 1646, 1660, 
1674, 1682, 1698, 1699, 1712, 1717, 
1727, 1735, 1774, 1784, 180S, 1820, 
1826, 1833, 1836, 1841, 1842, 1848, 
1855, 1863, 1867, 1869, 1871, 1873, 

1776 1777 1778 

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137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2475 



Army, British Continued. 

1882, 1897, 1809, 1901, 1904, 1911, 
1917, 1938, 1940, 1947. 1957, 1958, 
1967, 1971, 1977, 1975, 1983, 2008, 
2010, 2011, 2026, 2050, 2062, 2076, 
2097, 2101, 2115, 2133, 2147, 2155, 
2161, 2175, 2193, 2199, 2215, 2225, 
2230, 2235, 2247, 2269, 2278, 2291, 
2294, 2297, 2360; sec also under 
Army, British, retreats; negro regi 
ments in; see under Negroes; north 
ern, 200, 204, 278, 332, 358, 362, 364, 
366, 367, 371, 372, 373, 387, 389, 402, 
405, 429, 1588, 1608 ; offensive opera 
tions, 2107; opinion of Sir William 
Howe, 644; opinion of the French 
fleet s maneuvers, 692; opportunity 
for mischief, 1959; opposition to, 
harrassment, etc., 203, 205, 212, 217, 
223, 225, 226, 227, 258, 259, 318, 343, 
344, 362, 366, 367, 406, 408, 412, 416 
418 424, 425, 432, 504, 533, 600, 601, 

612, 614, 626, 640, 644, 652, 655, 657, 
658, 659, 660, 661, 682, 666, 675, 682, 
748, 755, 761, 823, 950, 992, 1059, 1073, 
1074, 1087, 1149, 1356, 1372, 1535, 1640, 
1656, 1717, 1740, 1801, 1833, 1861-62, 
1866, 1886, 1984, 2121 ; orders, 488, 489, 
1385, 1405, 1844; plans of campaign, 
schemes, etc., 234, 293, 325, 650, 793, 
824, 994, 1120, 1140, 1565, 1897; posi 
tions of troops, 45, 76, 218, 219, 220, 
223, 224, 225, 228, 262, 288, 296, 303, 
307, 308, 337, 338, 341, 344, 358, 371, 
372, 382, 403, 405, 406, 407, 409, 413, 
414, 415, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 
429, 433, 434, 440, 449, 450, 451, 452, 
456, 458, 460, 464, 465, 475, 482, 484, 
485, 487, 491, 498, 503, 504, 505, 506, 
507, 51 5, 517, 588, 589. 598, 610, 611, 

613, 625, 629, 636, 644, 645, 646, 658, 
660, 661, 662, 665, 666, 667, 668, 669, 
670, 671, 672, 674, 675, 679, 681, 683, 
690, 696, 698, 710, 712, 741, 742, 744, 
754, 759, 762, 770, 771, 772, 773, 774, 
776, 779, 795, 811, 812, 815, 818, 820, 
821, 822, 823, 824, 825, 826, 827, 830, 
831, 832, 834, 836, 837, 839, 850, 855, 
859, 862, 863, 865, 866, 868, 871, 873, 
875, 876, 887, 889, 893. 901, 909, 912, 
921, 926, 927, ( 931, 945, 947, 952, 954, 



Army, British Continued. 

974, 990, 1014, 1019, 1024, 1025, 1029, 
1030, 1031, 1033, 1039, 1041, 1049, 
1051, 1053, 1056, 1065, 1077, 1080, 
1084, 1085, 1087, 1091, 1092, 1096, 
1098, 1106, 1128, 1129, 1151, 1152, 
1175, 1177, 1181, 1182, 1187, 1195, 
1210, 1211, 1212, 1223, 1230, 1234, 
1251, 1252, 1258, 1263, 1272, 1273, 
1288, 1294, 1303, 1315, 1316, 1317, 
1324, 1325, 1333, 1338, 1340, 1355, 
1356, 1357, 1358, 1362, 1363, 1364, 
1367, 1376, 1379, 1381, 1385, 1402, 
1425, 1428, 1438, 1471, 1478, 1485, 
1486, 1487, 1494, 1498, 1522, 1525, 
1542, 1557, 1588, 1590, 1606, 1608, 
1619, 1631, 1657, 1674, 1677, 1684, 
1698, 1710, 1712, 1714, 1723, 1733, 
1735, 1756, 1787, 1809, 1812, 1833, 
1839, 1840, 1841, 1846, 1859, 1860, 
1871, 1879, 1888, 1899, 1916, 1928, 
1937, 1972, 1975, 1982, 1983, 2016, 
2073, 2081, 2092, 2099, 2126, 2145, 
2161, 2236, 2259, 2261, 2269, 2274, 
2281, 2283, 2284, 2285, 2286, 2291, 
2311, 2312, 2344, 2379; predatory 
war, 793, 824; preparations, 283, 
336, 338, 373, 449, 494, 495, 619, 
622, 624, 640, 650, 716, 717, 719, 728, 
799, 837, 951, 977, 985, 986, 1028, 
1034, 1039, 1126, 1171, 1173, 1198, 
1202, 1239, 1240, 1245, 1249, 1250, 
1258, 1273, 1275, 1281, 1283, 1298, 
1305, 1313, 1315, 1321, 1328, 1338. 
1356, 1366, 1393, 1410. 1415, 1419, 
1467, 1470, 1490, 1499, 1546, 1559, 
1592, 1677, 1682, 1795, 1813, 1841, 
1846, 1999, 2031, 2091, 2123, 2132, 
2147, 2161, 2234, 2236, 2239, 2248, 
2255, 2345 ; procrastination in Huddy 
case, 2183; 

Provincial troops (Loyalists, 
refugees, etc.), 181, 1071, 1765, 
1888, 2248, 2294, 2311; cavalry, 
2101; companies, 412, 413; corps. 
261, 909, 1646, 2010, 2022, 2085, 
2149, 2217, 2265; levies, 988, 999; 
militia, 828, 1119, 1276, 1347, 1364, 
1580, 1955, 2239; mutiny, 2225; 
officers. 1119; raising, recruiting, 
etc., 377, 475, 1821 ; regiments, 318. 



1779 1780 1781 

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2476 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Army, British Continued. 

675, 097, 1888; see also. Canada, 
troops; relieve regulars, 2123; 
pursuit of. 22(5. 23G. 359, 653, 057, 
658. 659, 007, 070. 071, 12SG. 1584, 
1717. 1705, 1897, 1983; see also 
Army, British, retreats ; Quaker loan 
to, 480; quarrels and ill feeling in, 
1126; quietness of. 247. 423 . 422. 679, 
1484. 1523, 1079, 1987, 2150 ; sec also 
Army, British, activity; raids, fo 
rays, plundering expeditions, etc., 
160, 297. 446, 526, 552, 559. 609, 613, 
628, 731, 744, 746, 757, 759, 820, 832, 
846, 883. 901, 927, 931, 951, 952, 953, 
966, 993, 1007, 1014. 1023. 1034. 
1071, 1074, 1070, 1079, 1240. 1266. 
1281. 1283, 1284, 1286, 1301, 1310. 
1315. 1320, 1343, 1344. 1350, 1356, 
1358, 1359, 1364, 1308. 1391. 1415, 
1423, 1424. 1487, 1535, 1589, 1591. 
1605. 1670, 1098. 1719, 1738, 1702. 
1765, 1857, 1861, 1863, 1872, 1878, 
1899, 2042, 2213. 2234. 2242: sec also 
Army. British, expeditious ; raised, 
1050 ; recovery of negroes and prop 
erty from, 1978, 2395 ; refuses to cer 
tify to provision, transportation for 
Convention troops, 1153; regiments, 
sec Infantry, British ; releases a cap 
tured patrol. 2375; restoration of 
property by, 2372; restrains maraud 
ing parties, 2242; restricted limits 
of, 2002; retaliation, measures of, 
1115, 1135; retreats, 204, 225. 332, 
348. 349, 350, 353, 404, 406, 444, 447, 
452, 509, 510, 512, 652, 664, 672, 673. 
714, 768, 772, 778, 780, 789, 791. 794, 
851, 931. 1311, 1359, 1372, 1373. 
1374-75, 1431, 1588, 1614, 1621, 1659. 
1747, 1875, 1994, 1995, 2012; review. 
1367, 2123, 2126 ; rumors to he circu 
lated in, 457 ; spirit actuating South 
ern commanders, 1571 ; spirits of, 359, 
431, 455, 456, 471, 480, 982, 995, 1071. 
1263, 1531, 1722, 1810, 1937; state 
of, 148, 174. 221, 228, 389, 458, 515, 
1321. 1338. 1049, 1793, 2257, 2311, 
2360 ; strength of, 140, 141, 169, 170, 
188, 220. 222, 224, 228, 230, 231. 233, 
261, 262, 305. 321, 355, 358, 372, 381. 

1775 

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Army, British Continued. 

393, 394, 395, 402, 410, 418, 425, 428, 
430 432, 434, 440, 450, 475, 477. 479, 
481, 482, 484, 485, 504, 505, 520, 521, 
564, 608, 610, 613, 622, 628, 635, 638, 
044, 646, 64.9, 659, 679. 694. 695, 698, 
703, 714, 718, 756, 761, 764, 768, 771, 
776, 777, 795, 808, 811. 825, 833, 834, 
849, 855,, 859, 861, 862, 865. 872, 873, 
894, 895, 901, 908, 921. 927, 960, 1021, 
1023, 1025, 1044. 1040, 1053, 1057, 
1079, 1084, 1090. 1120, 1129, 1140, 
1147, 1151, 1154, 1168. 1175, 1234. 
1237, 1288, 1348. 1349, 1351, 1356, 
1357, 1369, 1373, 1405. 1400. 1478, 
1510, 1583, 1700. 1774. 1775. 1792. 
1796, 1797, 1833, 1839, 1844. 1861. 
1879, 1888, 1904, 1914, 1915, 1918, 
1931, 1958, 1975, 2009, 2011, 2047, 
2073, 2081, 2080, 2099, 2100, 2126, 2.164, 
2237. 2239, 2260. 2209, 2281, 2306, 
2311, 2344, 2433; strength, compared 
with Continental army, 1033, 1064, 
2096. 2297; strictness of. 2097; sub 
mission to, 1750; suppresses Loyal 
ist activity, 2288 ; surprises by. 491. 
531, 532, 582, 641, 744, 910, 925, 927, 
985, 1019, 1115. 1236. 1239. 1245. 
1250, 1253, 1257, 1310. 1344. 2040. 
2158, 2160, 2247 ; surprised, 429, 486. 
767, 1114, 1257, 1693, 1844, 1877. 
1879, 2002, 2025; see also Army, 
British, forays and raids; trade 
with, 477, 494, 510, 518, 524, 525, 
537, 546, 582, 587, 588, 596, 619, 
620, 623, 773, 888, 902, 915. 1204, 
1213, 1222, 1223. 1242, 1325, 1598, 
1637. 2164, 2282, 2285, 2289, 2297, 
2305, 2307, 2314, 2315, 2322, 2339, 
2345, 2346, 2350-51, 2354, 2357-58, 
2359, 2387 ; treatment of inhabitants 
by, 1128, 2433, 2439. 2441; uneasi 
ness of, 489 ; and Vermont, 1588. 1595. 
1613, 1909, 1918, 2012, 2022, 2053, 
2162, 2237, 2273; victories, 200, 950, 
957. 1048. 1009, 1088, 1345, 1402, 
1589, 1703, 2132; see also Battles; 
watch over movements of, 704, 771, 
920, 1025, 1059, 1068, 1075, 1083, 1088. 
1092, 1111, 1120, 1173. 1223, 1228, 
1258, 1283, 1499. 1616; see also Ger- 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2477 



Army, British Continued. 

man allied troops, Highlanders, and 
Loyalists. 

Army, Continental, 1, 4, 5, 20, 24, 25, 
20, 31, 32, 41, 43, G3, 75, 82, 84, 
85, 89, 1)2, !XJ, 99, 111, 114, 120, 
131, 132, 155, 104, 107, 172, 193, 210, 
212, 215, 222, 223, 229, 241, 258, 259, 
205, 200, 209, 284, 291, 298, 317, 318, 
319, 320, 325, 328, 334, 347, 353, 355, 
305, 382, 388, 390, 402, 409, 410, 415, 
419, 421, 424, 433, 490, 498, 521, 524, 
528, 540, 611, 612, 620, 634, 635, 654, 
656, 659, 660, 668, 677, 681, 683, 685, 
698, 717, 760, 761, 768, 770, 785, 859, 
860, 868, 880, 889, 897, 900, 903, 952, 
974, 975, 977, 999, 1016, 1028, 1047, 
1048, 1057, 1064, 1117, 1124, 1125, 
1130, 1136, 1139, 1148, 1179, 1190, 
1194, 1211, 1217, 1233, 1239, 1272, 
1285, 1289, 1290, 1300, 1303, 1309, 
1310, 1370, 1371, 1374, 1382, 1394, 
1407, 1420, 1427, 1431, 1451, 1500, 
1502, 1545, 1557, 1501, 1503, 1508, 
1577, 1599, 1035, 1045, 1066, 1701, 
1756, 1767, 1796, 1821, 1826, 1840, 
1854, 1861, 1885, 1886, 1888, 1892, 
1894, 1899, 1900, 1933, 1934, 1942, 
1946, 1966, 1984, 2016, 2026, 2028, 
2030, 2031, 2049, 2067, 2069, 2071, 
2085, 2088, 2110-17, 2122, 2129, 2145, 
2154, 2202, 2240, 2200, 2200-07, 2273, 
2316, 2331, 2366, 2387, 2388, 2398, 
2402, 2409, 2410, 2422, 2425, 2426, 
2429, 2432, 2444, 2446, 2451; ac 
tivity, 1077, 1083; advance of, 226, 
503, 811, 1894; see also under move 
ments; advance guard, 617; aid 
from ladies, 1387, 1403, 1409, 1428, 
1447, 1551, 1646, 1654, 1663, 1688, 
1715, 1740; appearance, 2050, 2428; 
attacks, enterprises, etc., 958, 1283, 
1712, 2024 ; see also under opera 
tions and Battles ; bravery of troops, 
1074, 1076, 1801, 1865, 1888, 1948, 
1961, 1969; brigades, see under 
Brigades; British contempt of, 
1356; British inquiries about, 477; 
British reports of, 1793; British 
watch of movements of, 1429; calls 
for troops, 147, 303. 330, 353, 461, 



Army, Continental Continued. 

938, 1238, 1303, 1345, 1384, 1800, 
2018; civil departments of, 1282; 
collection of troops, 259, 327, 398, 
422, 570, 898, 1463, 2131; combina 
tion among the troops, 1697 ; 

Commander in chief, 907, 1993, 
2312, 2317, 2321, 2324, 2372, 2377 ; 
fire wood for, 2173; and other 
officers address to French minis 
ter, 2139 and answer, 2143; pay, 
60 ; signature to discharges, 2383 ; 
sec also Washington, George; 
commander in chief s guard, 259, 306, 
776, 1775, 1987, 2349; committee 
petition, 1477; complaints, 546, 612, 
1515, 2067, 2150, 2172; composition 
of, 266; concentration of troops, 2, 
219, 270, 293, 485, 626, 991, 1119, 
1120, 1363, 1851, 2079, 2162, 2198; 
conflict with civil power, see Au 
thority, civil; circulation of con 
ciliatory bills of Parliament, in, 
001, 005; condition of, 7, 240, 327, 
506, 629, 892, 1215, 1218, 1231, 1235, 
1276, 1992, 2024, 2260, 2332, 2401; 
conduct of troops (behavior, de 
bauchery, etc.), 11, 96, 103, 176, 
204, 318, 517, 722, 999, 1096, 1237, 
1286, 1372, 1515, 1666, 2069, 2124; 
conduct approved by Congress, 2436 ; 
confusion in departments, 1476 ; co 
operation with the French, 998, 
1131, 1157, 1159, 1180, 1183, 1200, 
1267, 1331, 1337, 1340, 1341, 1347, 
1348, 1362, 1376, 1378, 1406, 1411, 
1496, 1543, 1500, 1057, 1058, 1078, 
1713, 1723, 1724, 1733, 1741, 1840, 
1877, 1878, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1901, 
1978, 1979, 2022, 2197, 2293; see 
also under D Estaing, de Grasse 
Rochambeau, and other French com 
manders; cooperation with Span 
ish, 1039, 1002, 1671, 1673, 1967; 
see also Cooperation ; contentment 
of troops, 2040; see also under 
discontent; damage done by, 447, 
722, 858; see also under conduct; 
debts due to, 2125; departments mili 
tary, 2378; deserts of, 2393; difficul 
ties, disputes, disturbances, etc., 1154. 



1779 1780 1781 

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2478 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Army, Continental Continued. 

1189, 1699, 2000, 2054, 2195 ; sec also 
under feelings in also Mutiny ; dis 
agreement with the French, 723, 
725 ; see also under cooperation ; 
disbanding of troops, 204, 1815 ; dis 
banding difficulties at close of the 
war, 2125, 2127, 2363, 2373, 2374, 
2375, 2378, 2401, 2410, 2422. 2446, 
2447, 2448, 2460; disbanding procla 
mation, 2444; discontent and dis 
tress of troops, see under sufferings 
and hardships, also under Discon 
tents, also Distress; disinclined to 
march against Pennsylvania mu 
tineers, 1677 ; divided and dis 
persed state of, 59, 767, 1259, 
1642; divisions, 307, 2459; draft of 
workmen from, 649, 650, 807, 849, 
1521, 1734, 2145, 2174, 2188, 2202; 
Eastern department, 552, 553, 565, 
941, 1085, 1254; efforts to induce 
troops to stay, 227; eight-months 
men, 2122; eighteen-months men, 
1431, 1740, 2247; establishment, 193, 
490, 511, 512, 516, 518, 520, 527, 539, 
556, 2024, 2080; exercise, attention 
to, 2238; exercise in firing, 325; ex 
ercise, manual, 940; fatigue of 
troops, 1091, 1603; feeling in, 2313- 
14, 2364; feeling regarding the 
Pennsylvania mutineers, 1677, 1680; 
feelings to be carried into civil 
life, 2447; fidelity of, 1678; flying 
army, 1590; flying camp, 121, 148, 
158, 165, 224: foreign corps, 665, 
671 ; to force delinquent States to fur 
nish provisions, 1565; formation, re 
forming, incorporation of regiments, 
etc., 490, 599, 1212, 1218, 1276. 1290, 
1291, 1320, 1351, 1575, 1594, 1649, 
2121. 2247, 2294, 2459; French de 
serting seamen enlisting in, 2231- 
32 ; future employment of the sol 
diers, 2447; gratuity to, 2415; gov 
ernment of, 869; grievances of, 490, 
2358 ; see also Distress ; hard duty of, 
198, 999 ; hardships of, see Distress ; 
harmony with the French, 1435, 
1445, 1594. 1894, 1962/2258, 2313- 
14; health, 132, 139, 143, 176. 317, 



1775 
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Army, Continental Continued. 

319, 328, 830, 1294; see also Disease; 
inability to protect all parts of the 
country, 956, 981, 1002, 1016; in 
duced to make purchases out of ex 
pected pay, 2398, 2400; information 
for spy s use, 456, 1025, 1269; in 
justice toward, 2450; impatience of 
troops, 27, 152, 2388 ; importance of, 
1016 ; increase of, 25 ; jealousy in. 
144; joining the enemy, 1813; jus 
tice to, 2124; left wing, 915, 1087: 
letter to, 2316; line of battle, 1202; 
line of the Army, 653, 692, 1400, 
1654, 1986, 2127, 2145, 2174, 2202; 
Lines and outposts, etc., 291, 
479, 514, 709, 770, 1027, 1031, 
1184, 1217, 1352, 1517, 1522, 1527, 
1534, 1540, 1556, 1578, 1596, 1706, 
1707, 1722, 1740, 1741, 1829, 1878, 
2032, 2094, 2099, 2107, 2107-8, 2150, 
2152, 2182, 2204, 2262, 2273, 2277. 
2305, 2340, 2350, 2361, 2364, 2416: 
abuses, 537; artillery withdrawn 
from, 2434; British attempt on, 
958; cavalry on, 1270; command 
on, 323, 1535 ; duty on, 2305, 2315. 
2321, 2332, 2340, 2350, 2365, 2375. 
2386, 2399; friendliness with 
enemy on, 2297, 2416 ; instructions 
for commanding officers on, 2290: 
permits to visit and pass, 993, 
1625, 2176, 2246, 2266, 2268, 2340. 
2365; substituted for redoubts. 
1217 ; support of. 2101 ; vigilance. 
2104; 

loan of men to the navy, 91, 105, 
540, 1268, 1718 ; losses, 208, 209, 210, 
401, 438, 672. 673, 918, 1004. 1074, 
1286, 1370, 1492, 1532, 1751, 1985; 
see also Killed and wounded; man 
agement (policy), 386, 448; maneu 
vers, 201, 424, 991. 992, 1315, 1328, 
1400, 1656, 1880, 1883, 2238, 2260, 
2262, 2362; marches and march 
routes, 88, 211. 629, 632, 653, 658, 
659, 660, 661, 668, 677, 681, 682, 683, 
684, 739, 740, 747, 771, 780, 807, 857, 
963, 1039, 1045, 1183, 1184, 1188, 
1197, 1201, 1375, 1423, 1474, 1563. 
1927, 1934. 1935. 1937, 1938, 1942, 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-1 P>7 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2479 



Army, Continental Continued. 

1944, 1982, 1990, 1994, 1997, 2237, 
2262, 2263, 2383, 2431, 2433, 2446; 
marching orders, 356, 1002, 1362, 
1546, 1617, 2436; Middle depart 
ment, 565; movements, 2, 48, 85, 
92, 96, 97, 99, 100, 101, 103, 104, 
106, 114, 132, 146, 147, 167, 171, 174, 
181, 183, 203, 205, 206. 210, 215, 
226, 243, 247, 261, 267, 269, 271, 272, 
273, 277, 278, 282, 284, 285, 287, 288, 
289, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 
298, 299, 300, 301, 304, 308, 309, 310, 
311, 312, 314, 315, 317, 324, 325, 333, 
338, 341, 343, 344, 345, 347, 348, 352, 
356, 358, 361, 364, 365, 379, 383, 385, 
386, 387, 396, 401, 402, 419, 422, 434, 
440, 446, 451, 452, 453, 455, 456, 457, 
459, 462, 464, 469, 473, 477, 478, 480, 
488, 492, 498, 499, 509, 537, 566, 576, 
578, 580, 583, 584, 585, 599, 619, 627, 
628, 641, 642, 648, 652, 656, 684, 687, 
693, 697, 721, 724, 753, 768, 787, 789, 
799, 802, 803, 810, 813, 849, 856, 859, 
869, 875, 881, 896, 913, 963, 966, 967, 
1000, 1002, 1004, 1008, 1009, 1012, 
1016, 1029, 1033, 1039, 1040, 1041, 
1043, 3058, 1067, 1078, 1081, 1084, 
1088, 1089, 1093, 1097, 1098, 1139, 
1158, 1164, 1174, 1177, 1211, 1305, 
1326, 1327, 1353, 1356, 1365, 1375, 
1376, 1406, 1422, 1426, 1427, 1429, 
1432, 1433, 1434, 1436, 1437, 1470, 
1502, 1532, 1542, 1560, 1572, 1598, 
1600, 1603, 1606, 1613, 1620, 1642, 
1649, 1654, 1721, 1752, 1841, 1843, 
1862, 1867, 1869, 1871, 1877, 1886, 
1894, 1899, 1908, 1918, 1922, 1926, 
1927, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 
1938, 1940, 1941, 1946, 1947, 1948, 
1949, 1950, 1964, 1965, 1980, 1984, 
1988, 2086, 2156, 2193, 2195, 2207, 
2209, 2210, 2234, 2240, 2243, 2245, 
2246, 2247, 2251, 2262. 2273, 2294, 
2358, 2377, 2424, 2436, 2460; "mov 
ing" (or main) army, supply con 
tract matters, 2114-15, 2133, 2134, 
2159, 2343; need of troops, 65, 140, 
145, 165, 233, 242, 247 258, 261, 263, 
266, 271, 276, 281, 284, 304, 345, 351, 
358, 362, 367, 370, 385, 410, 444, 



Army , Continenta 1 Continued. 

452, 461, 464, 474, 528, 643, 681, 708, 
755, 913, 960, 973, 991, 1028, 1222, 
1262, 1421, 1440, 1844, 1964, 1994, 
2067, 2071, 2160, 2182, 2230, 2422; 
needs of, 63, 90, 138, 423, 1130, 1525, 
1529, 1783, 2055, 2118, 2326 ; negroes 
in, see Negroes ; nine-months men, 
820, 933, 1917, 1978, 2004, 2046; 

Northern department and army, 
1, 2, 46, 51, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 
104, 105, 106, 177, 296, 349, 371, 
376, 452, 455, 553, 627, 692, 2428; 
adjutant general, deputy, 325, 632, 
644; affairs, 171, 402, 718, 1833; 
ammunition for, 434, 1833; artil 
lery for, 246, 345, 352, 357; cloth 
ing, 650, 1013, 1015, 1776, 2064, 
2327; command in, 136, 138, 147, 
322, 388, 602, 614, 892, 909; com 
missaries, 158 ; complaints against, 
99 ; conditions in, 45, 52, 148, 327 ; 
conduct, 96; deserters, 376; disci 
pline, 2428; disasters, 368; dis 
tresses, 1812; harmony in, 163; 
health, 170, 383; inspector, 694, 
915, 918; interpreter, 2420; liquor 
for, 201; loss on retreat, 367; 
magazines for, 2041 ; medicine, 
183; money, 164, 177; movements, 
211, 284, 396; mutinous spirit in, 
52; needs of, 375, 650, 1771, 1776, 
1809, 1833; neglect in, 297; objec 
tion of troops to serving in the 
south, 1776 ; officers ordered to, 
296; panic in, 387; pay, 97; posi 
tion, 403, 429; posts, 1809, 1812; 
provision contract, 2091; purchas 
ing conditions, 565; rations issued 
in, 928 ; ration money, 177 ; reen- 
forcements, 121, 135, 142, 375, 395, 
398, 403, 407, 452, 453, 2251; re 
turns, 2279, 2428; supplies and 
stores, 167, 180, 190, 193, 194, 201, 
246, 409, 816, 890, 954, 955, 1114, 
1809, 1833 ; strength and weakness 
of, 81, 96, 177, 187, 371, 373, 375, 
402, 440 ; tents, 316 ; troops in, 175, 
882; winter quarters, 206; see 
also under Arnold, Gates, Mont- 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Army, Continental Continued. 

gomery, Scliuyler, and other com 
manders ; 

operations and opposition to Brit 
ish, 453, 610, 761, 1097, 1239, 1249, 
1338, 1529, 1861-62, 1962, 2055 ; order 
of battle, 495, 514, 1657, 2459 ; orders 
contingent on British advance, 947; 
farewell orders, 2446, 2447, 2448, 
2451; organization, 2080; outsiders 
induced into. 1045; panic of, 387; 
papers of, 645; partiality shown 
various troops, 323, 338, 525, 1025, 
1103, 1279; patience of, 503, 1249; 
permanent, 581 ; to place Washington 
at head of new government, 2125 ; 
position of troops, 10, 28, 87, 88, 90, 
103, 111, 115, 185, 208, 215, 264, 267, 
272, 278, 290, 309, 315, 322, 345, 362, 
371, 373, 384, 385, 386, 403, 407, 412, 
413, 418, 419, 429, 453, 472, 492, 501, 
587, 609, 613, 643, 662. 665, 666, 668, 
683, 735, 748, 750, 761, 762, 765, 766, 
771, 776, 795, 839, 845, 848, 851, 869, 
876, 950, 952, 1008, 1033, 1034, 1035, 
1051, 1054, 1056, 1064, 1080, 1084, 
1085, 1086, 1087, 1097, 1173, 1174, 
1191, 1195, 1217, 1226, 1248. 1271, 
1276, 1288, 1338, 1359, 1441, 1450, 
1492, 1546, 1564, 1568, 1622, 1628, 
1656, 1693, 1697, 1717, 1858, 1861, 
1861-62, 1899, 1908, 2090, 2113, 2172, 
2247, 2264, 2273, 2290, 2350, 2365, 
2386, 2416 ; preparations, 23, 33, 229, 
354, 618, 771, 780, 821, 1029, 1088, 
1348, 1353, 1366, 1619, 1847, 2347; 
privates, see Privates ; promises to, 
51, 2127, 2130, 2168, 2317, 2451 ; quo 
tas, see under Quotas ; raising of, 
see Recruits and recruiting; records, 
1653; reduction of, 2061, 2260, 2408, 
2436, 2439, 2442, 2455; reform of, 
2247; refusal to be furloughed, 
2422 ; regiments, see under Infantry, 
Cavalry. Artillery, and under the 
names of the colonels; regulations, 
see Regulations; religious worship 
in, 2334; replaced by militia, 1871; 
report on, 1319; reserves, 2101; re 
stores plunder, 1230; retention of 
troops in service, 51, 214, 2296, 2402. 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Army, Continental Continued. 

244o, 2460 ; see also Army, peace es 
tablishment; retreats, 100, 102, 104, 
209, 210, 213, 396, 420, 714, 717. 
1362; see also movements; review, 
2256; rewards, 2393; right wing, 
1865: six-months men. 1423, 1613, 
1642; 

Southern department and troops, 
247, 261, 270, 290. 294, 812, 1025, 
1285, 1375, 1411, 1433, 1441, 1560, 
1576, 1590. 1614, 1629, 1631, 1632, 
1712, 1717, 1740, 1774, 1787, 1838, 
1894, 2011, 2102, 2295, 2303, 2358, 
2366, 2417; arms and accoutre 
ments, 1590, 1740, 1853; army 
moves toward, 1933; arrange 
ment, formation, etc., 1218, 2076, 
2121, 2294; artillery, 1629, 1803; 
auditor for, 921; campaign and 
activity, 2121; cavalry 1868, 1985, 
1986, 2025, 2052. 2064; civil au 
thority in, 883 ; clothing, 459, 901, 
1590, 1631, 1635, 1642, 1671, 1796, 
1808, 1988, 2011, 2055, 2064, 2093; 
command in, 984, 986, 990, 1199, 
1569, 1578, 1579, 1590, 1889, 1964, 
2120; conditions in, 1306, 1580, 
1691, 1796, 1950, 2024, 2055; con 
fidence in Greene, 1691; defeat, 
1523, 1524; deserters and deser 
tions, 2417 ; discharge of all troops 
in, 2448; discipline, 243. 1218; 
distress and suffering in, 1580, 
1631, 1652, 1695, 1717, 2093, 2358: 
engineer corps, 915; Greene s ac 
knowledgments to, 2303; health, 
2172, 2247; inadequate provision 
for, 1249; inspector for, 2037; 
militia, 1631, 1765; mutinous 
spirit in, 2080, 2093, 2121, 2417: 
operations in, 1267, 1755, 1923; 
northern troops object to serving 
in, 1776, 17S7: pay. 2039, 2093; 
plan for flying army in partisan 
war, 1590; position, 2172. 2247: 
prisoners, 1601, 1713; recruiting, 
1113; reenforceuieuts and troops 
forwarded to, 913, 1003, 1016, 
1089, 1158, 1200, 1201, 1203, 1223, 
1278, 1299, 1305, 1313, 1327, 1480, 

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INDEX 



2481 



Army. Continental Continued. 

1490, 1529, 1532, 1579, 1589, 1590, 
1608, 1621, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1738, 
1752, 1775, 1778, 1783, 1787, 1790, 
1819, 1853, 1917, 1926, 1986, 2025, 
2046, 2051, 2052, 2059, 2061, 2163. 
2180 ; retention of troops in, 2240 ; 
returns, 1532, 1634, 1748, 1764, 1801, 
1904, 2121. 2292, 2367; return of 
troops to the north from, 2193, 2240, 
2247, 2358, 2377, 2378, 2392, 2416, 
2433; spirit of, 1717, 1803; state 
of, 2093; States added to, 1590; 
strength, 1677, 2055, 2193, 2366; 
supplies, 883, 982, 1608, 1631, 2009, 
2121, 2223, 2358; surgeons for, 
1158; temper of troops, 2082, 
2093, 2358; training, 2055; troops 
begging their way north, 2136; 
see also under Greene, Gates, and 
other southern commanders; 
spirits of, 68, 176, 199, 201, 293, 509, 
1717, 1803, 1942; state of, 5, 147, 
148, 274, 462, 515, 630, 821, 1237, 
1269, 1810-11, 2360, 2445; State 
lines, see State troops ; strength and 
weakness of, 2, 22, 25, 42, 46, 81, 96, 
134, 177, 215, 217, 218, 223, 224, 
265, 266, 267, 269, 307, 309, 322, 324, 
331, 343, 353, 371, 373, 402, 425, 450, 
481, 498, 521, 541, 587, 608, 610, 613, 
699, 714, 795, 883, 1016, 1033, 1102, 1108, 
1113, 1120, 1158, 1192, 1212, 1239, 
1250, 1266, 1268, 1271, 1276, 1288, 
1314, 1356, 1357, 1381, 1510, 1796, 
1835, 1839, 1847, 1854, 1896, 1908, 
2081, 2086, 2100, 2102, 2458 ; strength 
compared with British army, 1033, 
1064, 2096, 2297; strength magni 
fied, 345; sufferings and hardships 
of, 1216, 1237, 1240, 1312, 1574, 1666, 
1713, 1717, 1827, 2125, 2151, 2348; 
temper of, 1677, 1693, 2082; see 
also under Army, Continental, con 
duct and feeling in; thanked, 1077, 
1983, 2029; three-months men, 1428, 
1464, 1474, 2168, 2176, 2280, 2403; 
training, instruction, etc., 513, 608, 
656, 943, 948, 1425, 2050, 2055, 2058, 
2238, 2332; see also Steuben ; treat 
ment of, 2354, 2393; uneasiness of 



Army, Continental Continued. 

troops, 297, 974, 1232, 1804, 2037, 
2038, 2054, 2067, 2112, 2151, 2374, 
2375, 2389, 2391, 2392, 2397, 2417; 
unwillingness of, 469; victories, see 
under various battles, sieges, etc., 
and under Battles; Washington s 
obligations to and wishes for, 2447; 
Western department, 565, 895, 
965, 979, 1000, 1148, 1241, 1448, 
1575, 2090; arrangement of troops 
in 2090; auditor for, 941; com 
mand in, 965; conduct of, 1017, 
2006; 

winter quarters, see Winter quar 
ters; work of the, 2447; workmen 
from the ranks, 649, 650, 807, 849, 
1507, 3521, 1534, 2145, 2174, 2188, 
2202. 

Army, French, 336, 363, 1246, 1265, 
1294, 1361, 1365, 1368, 1420, 1445, 
1466, 1470, 1495, 1502, 1524, 1576, 
1595, 1625, 1659, 1705, 1720, 1726, 
1734, 1735, 1737, 1749, 1794, 
1804, 1808, 1816, 1819, 1859, 
1884, 1930, 1934, 1938, 1939, 1945, 
1952, 2040, 2062, 2076, 2121, 2149, 
2166, 2177, 2187, 2224, 2253, 2279; 
barrack arrangements, 1793 ; barrack 
master to, 1793, 1810; brigades, 
First, 1878 ; Second, 1885 ; The Bon- 
etta prisoners, 2022; British enter 
prises against, 1411, 1412, 1415, 
1417, 1418, 1420, 1421, 1422, 1426, 
1429, 1432, 1434, 1441, 1442, 1464, 
1511, 1531, 2237; cavalry, King s 
light dragoons, 2113; civil officers, 
1294; command of, 1265; condition, 
1396, 1879; cooperation with Amer 
ican, 1180, 1183, 1200, 1267, 1337, 
1340, 1341, 1347, 1348, 1376, 1378, 
1385, 1406, 1411, 1496, 1543, 1657, 
1658, 1678, 1713, 1723, 1840,1882, 1883, 
1884, 1901, 1978, 1979; courtesy of, 
1585, 2197; corps plan, 894; coop 
eration with Spanish, 1668 ; debarka 
tion, 683, 1267, 1933 ; debt due, 19S4 ; 
delay of, 1755, 1865, 1893 ; departure 
from America, 2286, 2299-2300, 
2302; desire of troops to see Wash 
ington, 1610; despatches for, 2191; 



1779 1780 1781 

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2482 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Army, French Continued. 

detained in America, 2388; disci 
pline, 1265 ; embarkations, 1929-1930, 
2279 2284, 2293, 2298, 2385; expedi 
tion to America, 1265; expeditions, 
1734, 1739, 1742, 1769, 1776, 1802; 
feeling between American and, 2313- 
2314; feeling toward Washington, 
2302; harmony with American 
Army, 1435, 1594, 1894, 1962, 2258, 
2313-2314; health of, 1407; see also 
under sick; horses and cattle with, 
2027, 2030; inspector of, 2428; 
losses, 1668, 1761, 1762, 1969, 1987; 
loyalists willing to join, 2191 ; march 
toward the Hudson, 1769, 1773, 1783, 
1792, 1794, 1807, 1855, 1840, 1862, 
1864, 1865, 1869, 1870, 1875, 
1877, 1878, 1879, 1882, 1883, 1885, 
1893 ; march to Virginia, 1924, 1927, 
1930, 1934, 1937, 1944; march north 
from Virginia, 2101, 2106, 2115, 2141, 
2156, 2157, 2163, 2174, 2183, 
2195, 2199, 2219; militia assistance, 
1418-1419, 1428, 1432, 1434, 1462; 
movements, 1677, 1684, 1734, 1774, 
1802, 1837, 1840, 1881, 1946, 1954, 
2180, 2199, 2224, 2270, 2290; order of 
battle, 1397, 1658 ; plan of campaign, 
1265; position of, 1585, 1802, 1873, 
2175; preparations, 1734, 1739, 1742, 
1774, 1806; raising of a regiment, 
898; regiment Bourbonnais, 1418; 
King s Light Dragoons, 2113; regi 
ment Soissonnais, 2113; return to 
France, 2369-2370, 2378, 2399; re 
turns, see Returns ; at Rhode Island, 
1396, 1402, 1411, 1412, 1415, 1511, 1684, 
1734; second division, 1627, 1633, 
1635, 1782; services to America, 
2378; sick, 1416, 1419, 1426, 1668, 
1745, 2180, 2192, 2199; social diver 
sions, 2007 ; specie purchases, 1537, 
1789, 1952; speech belt to Six Na 
tions, 1408; strength, 1397, 1879; 
subsistence, 1881 ; transportation, 
1930, 1964, 2115 ; wagons and horses 
for, 1341, 1342, 1819; Washington 
approves courage, 1771; Washington 
criticises, 1776, 1786, 1796 ; Washing 
ton s regard for, 2388; in the West 

1775 
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Army, French Continued. 

Indies, 1604, 2157, 2158, 2286, 2289, 
2301; see also France under coop 
eration with and expeditions to 
America, Rochambeau and other 
French commanders. 

Army, Peace establishment, 2370, 
2371, 2373, 2374, 2378, 2385, 2388, 
2392, 2393, 2394, 2399, 2431, 2434, 
2435, 2441, 2443, 2445, 2460; appli 
cations for appointments in, 2378, 
2379, 2393, 2427, 2431, 2432, 2436, 
2441, 2444, 2445, 2455, 2457; ar 
rangement, 2378, 2403, 2455, 2460; 
departments, 2378; opinions on, 
2373, 2378, 2382, 2385; pay, 2373, 
2460; strength, 2374, 2378, 2383; 
training, 2373, 2375, 2379. 

Army, Spanish, 1218, 1554, 1567, 1668. 

Army, Standing, objections to, 2379. 

Army, United States ; see Army, Peace 
establishment. 

Arnelung, F , former hospital mate, 

Hessians, German allied troops, 568. 

Arnold, Benedict, Col., Continental 
Army, 20th Continental Infantry; 
Brig, and Muj. Gen., Continental 
Army; deserted to the enemy ; Brig. 
Gen., British Provincial troops, 29, 
42, 45, 49, 51, 53, 59. 60, 79, 81, 87, 
93, 107, 133, 141, 142, 157, 162, 181, 
192, 193, 194, 196, 197, 234, 248, 264, 
269, 305, 344, 348, 370, 375, 376, 
382, 383, 402, 404, 606, 637, 651, 674, 
679, 680, 695, 698, 858, 1115, 1289, 
1434, 1435, 1438, 1443, 1446, 1447, 
1451, 1454, 1458, 1459, 1460, 1464. 
1468, 1473, 1474, 1476, 1477, 1480, 
1489, 1491, 1495, 1496, 1497, 1500, 1506, 
1510, 1515, 1525, 1526, 1527, 1529, 
1533, 1538, 1540, 1541, 1542, 1558, 
1565, 1566, 1569, 1573, 1576, 1660, 
1667, 1696, 1722, 1724, 1725, 1741, 
1742, 1280, 1289; account against, 
1391 ; accounts, 1433, 1475, 1494 ; ad 
dress to his countrymen, 1583; 
adopts name of Gustavus, 1521; 
advises against scouting parties, 
1527; advises Vulture to remain 
where she is, 1536 ; aide appoint 
ment, 1465, 1476, 1488; and Andr, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2483 



Arnold, Benedict Continued. 

1491, 1513, 1520, 1521, 1520, 1536, 
1549, 1553, 1557; answers to ques 
tions in council of war, 1533; ap 
proves directions to inhabitants, 
1527; arranges for system of intel 
ligence, 1485 ; articles for, 1476 ; asks 
protection for Mrs. Arnold, 1547; 
authority to grant protection to 
Andre, 1549; barge and bargemen, 
1518, 1524; belief in Washington s 
justice, 1020; British assistance to, 
1722, 1729, 1732, 1736, 1751; British 
officers feeling against, 1648-1649; 
burns New London, 1943; Canadian 
expedition, 15, 20, 23, 24, 27, 34, 40, 
43, 45, 46, 51, 56, 59, 64, 68, 74, 78, 
87, 93, 94, 96, 98, 102, 103, 104, 107, 
118, 119, 124 ; capture of, 1556, 1572, 
1576, 1749, 1750; care of Warren s 
children, 1391; charges and com 
plaints against, 181, 877, 946, 949, 
980, 1020, 1296; Clinton dissatisfied 
with, 1710; to command on the 
British lines, 1809 ; commission as 
major general, 514, 572 ; conduct ap 
proved, 64, 1512; conduct, bravery, 
etc., 121, 305; Congress on charges 
and trial, 946, 949, 980; his Con 
necticut pay, 1464, 1465; coopera 
tion against, 1725, 1837 ; cooperation 
with Schuyler, 23; correspondence 
with Andre, 1513, 1520, 1526, 1536. 
1557; court-martial, 980, 982, 989, 
992-993, 1004, 1006, 1017, 1018, 1044, 
1077, 1087, 1195, 1196, 1200, 1201, 
1205, 1211; court of inquiry, 278; 
criticizes Congress, 1476, 1485; criti 
cizes St. Clair, 380; debts, 1488; 
defeated, 196, 197 ; his deserts, 1391 ; 
despatches for, 1568; destruction of, 
1723; disclaims intention of harm 
ing the people, 1660 ; distress of, 
1732 ; escape, 1548, 1549 ; estate pre 
sented to, 1389 ; exculpates Varick, 
Franks and Smith, 1547; expedition 
against, 1710, 1711, 1715, 1717, 1726, 
1771 ; expedition into Connecticut, 
1943, 2097; fleet and movements of. 
160, 161, 164, 165, 166, 177, 181; 
forswears allegiance to the United 



Arnold, Benedict Continued. 

States, 1557 ; Hamilton fails to in 
tercept, 1548; happiness with Mrs. 
Arnold, 1525; health, 531, 678, 679, 
680; see also under wound; High 
lands command, 1382, 1432, 1436; 
Highlands defense directions and 
orders, 1499, 1504, 1506, 1512, 1523; 
ignorance of Culper, jr. s, name, 
1570; Indian conference, 122, 128; 
interest in the Active, 1464 ; interest 
in Rocky Hill fortification, 1550; 
journal of Quebec expedition, 17; 
junction with Montgomery, 51; de 
sires justice, 1004 ; Lafayette refuses 
to correspond with, 1835, 1847; on 
Lake Chaniplain, 160, 161, 162, 164, 
165, 166, 177, 181, 194, 196, 197 ; let 
ter from Mrs. Arnold, 1554; liquor 
for, 1487 ; march into Canada, 20, 27, 
34, 40, 47 ; meeting with Andre, 1491, 
1513, 1520, 1521, 1553 ; memorandum 
by, 1556; money for, 16, 1225, 1494; 
movements with the British, 1552, 
1578, 1646, 1648, 1650, 1651, 1661, 
1662, 1784, 1810, 1863; military 
needs of, 34, 40, 45, 46, 68, 87, 93, 
102, 103, 104, 124; naval command 
for 688, 701, 1268, 1280; note from 
Jameson, 1551; oath never to be 
taken alive, 1752 ; offers inducements 
to Tallmadge to desert, 1583, 1696; 
opinions, 382, 653, 1522, 1524, 1529; 
orders Andre conducted to him, 
1521; papers of, 1567; passport 
order of, 1445 ; Pennsylvania s ac 
tions toward, 980, 1004, 1020; per 
secution of, 1017 ; personal affairs, 
i405, 1439, 1446, 1459, 1460, 1463, 
1464, 1476, 1483, 1486, 1488, 1494, 
1495, 1501, 1502, 1513, 1521, 1522, 
1525, 1526, 1530, 1538, 1539, 1547, 
1556; Philadelphia command, 657, 
661, 699, 949; plan of attack on 
Rhode Island, 243, 269; plundering. 
1736; privileged to grant flags, 
1460; proclamation, 1584; promo 
tion, 530, see also under rank; pun 
ishment of, 1559; quarters, 1436, 
1437; at Quebec, 17, 43, 45, 46, 56. 
59, 77; rank, 269, 278, 283, 312, 313, 



1779 1780 1781 

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2484 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Arnold, Benedict Continued. 
387, 514, 515, 530, 531; reception by 
British, 1570; Heed s actions to 
ward, 980, 1004; resentment, 1017; 
resignation or retirement, 2G9, 387, 
688; requests bis clothes and bag 
gage, 1547 ; requests map of east side 
of the Hudson, 1442, 144G ; requests 
names of patriots and spies, 1436, 
1456; requests orders and instruc 
tions, 1451, 1458, 1515; requests pass 
port directions, 1463 ; requests re 
turns, 1460, 1463, 1512, 1540; at 
Ridgefield, 305; secret intelligence 
characters to be sent to, 1469 ; sensi 
bilities of, 2018; sent against Fort 
Stanwix, 403; spies fear of, 1562, 
1566, 1570; snies refuse to permit 
their names given to, 1455, 1459, 
1462; strength of his force, 48, 87, 
382; suggests officers petition to 
Congress, 1476 ; superseded, 269, 
278; surrenders, 118; threats of, 
1557, 1835; treason of, 1491, 1513, 
1520, 1521, 1536, 1547, 1549, 1550, 
1555, 1559, 1562, 1567, 1574, 1621; 
treatment by Congress, 269; Val- 
cour s Island engagement, 194, 196, 
197; in Virginia, 1660, 1691, 1697, 
1709, 1710, 1711, 1715, 1720, 1729, 
1734, 1736, 1742, 1750, 1850 ; at West 
Point, see wider Highlands, com 
mand ; wounds, 64, 435, 572, 688, 701, 
1280. Letters, orders, etc., from, 20, 
27, 34, 40, 45, 46, 51, 59, 64, 68, 74, 
78, 87, 93, 98, 102, 103, 104, 107, 119, 
122, 124, 133, 158, 166, 194, 196, 202, 
234, 243, 248, 251, 269, 278, 283, 303, 
305, 309, 344, 382, 402, 572, 658, 660, 
661, 673, 674, 680, 688, 691, 699, 718, 
787, 858, 877, 949, 980, 1004, 1017, 
1077, 1268, 1280, 1433, 1436, 1438, 
1439, 1442, 1446, 1454, 1456, 1458, 
1459, 1460, 1462. 1463, 1464, 1467, 
1469, 1473, 1476, 1477, 1479, 1481, 
1483, 1485, 1487, 1491, 1492, 1494, 
1496, 1497, 1500, 1504, 1506, 1510, 
1512, 1513, 1515, 1521, 1523, 1524, 
1525, 1527, 1529, 1531, 1533, 1535, 
1536, 1538, 1539, 1540, 1544. 1545, 
1549, 1557, 1583, 1660. Letters, 

1775 

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JANUARY-JUNE 1 

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Arnold, Benedict Continued. 

orders, and instructions to, 17. 19, 
23, 51, 63, 70, 89, 102, 143, 219. 247, 
258, 264, 313, 337, 345. 348, 530, 657, 
<59, 679, 682, 696, 701, 705, 810, 924, 
982, 989, 992, 1006, 1017, 1044. 1114, 
1289, 1303, 1354, 1389, 1301. 1431, 
1432, 1434, 1435. 1436, 1437. 1440, 
1441. 1443, 1444, 1445, 1446, 1447, 
1448. 1449, 1451, 1452, 1453, 1454, 
1455, 1456, 1457, 1461, 1462, 1464* 
1465, 1466, 1467, 1468, 1469, 1470, 
1471, 1474, 1475, 1477, 1478, 1480. 
1481, 1482. 1483, 1484, 1486, 1488, 
1489, 1490, 1492, 1493, 1495. 1496, 
1498, 1499, 1500, 1501, 1502, 1504, 
1505, 1506, 1507, 1508, 1509, 1511, 
1512, 1513, 1514, 1515, 1516, 1517, 
1518, 1519, 1520, 1521, 1522. 1523, 
1525, 1526, 1528, 1529, 1530, 1532, 
1534, 1535, 1536, 1537, 1538, 1539, 
1540, 1541, 1542, 1543, 1544, 1545, 
1546, 1547. 

Arnold s corps (British Provincial 
troops), 2010, 2022, 2085, 2265. 

Arnold s regiment (Connecticut mili 
tia). 1136, 1137. 

Arnold, Mrs. Benedict (Margaret 
Shippen), 1446, 1454, 1460, 1471, 
1501. 1512, 1542; Arnold s happiness 
with, 1525 ; goes to the enemy, 1608 ; 
letter to Arnold, 1554; protection 
for. 1547: visit to the Highlands. 
1480. 1488, 1496, 1505, 1513; letter 
to. 1521. 

Arnold, Hannah, Sister to Benedict 
Arnold, letters from, 1521, 1534. 

Arnold, James, Justice of the peace. 
Providence, Rhode Island. 2073. 

Arnold, Jonathan, Rhode Island dele 
gate, Continental Congress, the 
Knoulton and Wells affair, 2315, 
2342, 2348. 

Arnold, Thomas. Ca-pt., 1st Rhode 
Inland regiment; and Invalids, 1007. 
1102. Letters from, 1809, 2358. Let 
ters to, 1824, 2364. 

Arrangement of troops, 246, 307, 324, 
515, 747, 839, 906, 914, 915, 921, 922, 
923, 924, 925, 926, 929, 934, 935, 942, 
943, 948, 953, 955, 961, 962, 969, 975, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2485 



Arrangement of Troops Continued. 
97G, 978, 979, 980, 987, 989, 995, 1000, 
1007, 1011, 1015, 1022, 1024, 1031. 
1034, 1036, 1041, 1058, 1079, 1093, 
1094, 1098. 1102, 1105, 1106, 1118, 
1133, 1141, 1200, 1211, 1216, 1232, 
1245, 1280, 1313, 1320, 1404, 1425, 
1444, 1563, 1581, 1587, 1590, 1608, 
1613, 1631, 1637, 1644, 1655, 1659, 
1671, 1673, 1678, 1683, 1708, 1714, 
1719, 1720, 1736, 1747, 1819, 1826, 
1984, 1999, 2014, 2018, 2042, 2056. 
2059. 2066. 2085, 2090, 2104, 2120, 
2125, 2143. 2198. 2200, 2225, 2242, 
2249, 2267, 2271, 2298, 2300, 2301, 
>30S, 2314, 2317, 2352, 2359, 2378. 
2383, 2399, 2402, 2403, 2406, 2408, 

2412, 2439, 2455, 2459; alterations, 
1711; applications for, 1303, 1725: 
delay of, 1275; difficulties, 1239, 
1615, 1642, 1677, 2076; feeling 
against, 2226; mistake, 1265; plan 
adopted by Congress, 1581, see also 
Congress, committee of arrangement 
and Officers. 

Arrears of pay, 1156, 2267, 2406, 2452, 
see also Pay. 

Arrests, 597, 1569, 1570, 1892, 1893, 
1905, 2026, 2110, 2122, 2125, 2133, 
2135, 2148, 2154, 2170, 2186, 2188, 
2208, 2236, 2253, 2294, 2301, 2302, 
2304, 2305, 2335, 2342, 2390, 2392, 

2413, 2432; civil writ, 2311; disre 
garded, 2339, 2409; ordered, 1506, 
2249. 

Arsenals, 526, 2375, 2379, 2403, 2405. 

Arson, see Crime. 

Arthur, , Capt., British merchant? 

-vessel, 2376. 

Articles, personal for Washington, 
1286, 1370, 1669, 1698, 1713, 1861, 
2390, 2393, 2408, 2413, 2429; per 
sonal for Martha Washington, 1862 ; 
requested by Arnold, 1476; see also 
Merchandise. 

Articles of Association, see Associa 
tion. 

Articles of Confederation, see Confed 
eration. 

Articles of War, see War. 



Artificers (Artillery artificers), 19, 
225, 302, 702, 1155, 1156, 1249, 1261, 
1451, 1633. 1658, 1776, 1785. 1800, 
1867, 1868, 1882, 2032, 2145, 2252, 
2378; arrangement and establish 
ment of, 1211, 1603, 1606, 1826; 
clothing, 735, 789, 790, 1885 ; comple 
tion of, 1249; concentration of, 1190; 
conduct of and difficulty with, 153, 
227, 744, 1082, 1495, 1548, 1593; dis 
tress, 1445; drafted, 2084; enlist 
ment and raising of, 569, 1249, 1250, 
1392, 2042; enticed by higher wages, 
906; exemption from militia duty. 
1593; German prisoners, 2378, 2417; 
Hessian prisoners, continued in serv 
ice, 2417 ; lack of provisions, 1495 ; 
languor among, 1855; make ammu 
nition wagons, etc., 522; money for, 
1593; needed, 96, 2033, 2263, 2403; 
officers, 783, 1250, 1776, 1788, 2459; 
paraded, 1620; pay, 160, 162, 548, 
1127, 1261, 1855; imprisoned, 1080. 
1081; rations, 733, 735, 1081, 1082, 
1085, 1095, 1445, 2046, 2056-2057, 
2110, 2356; recruits, 1259; refuse to 
work, 1082, 1548, 1593; regiments, 
1603 ; remonstrance, 1079 ; returns, 
39, 1063, 1080, 1081, 1242, 1259, 1268, 
1455, 2084, 2106, 2152; supplies for, 
1593; work of, 699, 1082, 1495, 1584, 
1593 ; see also Baldwin, Jeduthan ; 
Eayres, Joseph; Bruen, Jeremiah; 
Flower, Benjamin. 

Artillery (Cannon), 1, 21, 35, 48, 50, 
52, 53, 54, 55, 68, 75, 78, 89, 94, 99, 
108, 113, 122, 123, 126, 150, 158, 159, 
167, 207, 229, 235, 236, 240, 246, 251, 
261, 281, 317, 334, 335, 344, 347, 364, 
365, 370, 375, 406, 421, 427, 433, 472, 
473, 475, 507, 529, 532, 548, 554, 560, 
561, 565, 575, 609, 614, 672, 681, 876, 
976, 987, 997, 1041, 1081, 1083, 1086, 
1090, 1092, 1176, 1178, 1190, 1193, 
1202, 1239, 1268, 1304, 1328, 1381, 
1412, 1476, 1527, 1528, 1529, 1617, 
1653, 1741, 1771, 1773, 1786, 1843, 
1886, 1893, 1894, 1945, 1961, 1986, 
2055, 2078, 2101, 2135, 2180, 2330, 
2378, 241 1 ; ammunition ( cartridges ) , 
76, 466, 1,225, 1439; ammunition 



1779 1780 1781 

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2486 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Artillery Continued. 

wagons, 375, 522; to annoy British 
shipping, 557, 560; for armed vessel, 
30, 36, 63, 216; arrangements, 205, 
1876; balls (shot), 81, 310, 892, 895, 
902 ; brass, 455, 683, 1087, 1562, 2055, 
2077, 2178. 

British, 372, 405, 445, 974, 1151, 
1324, 1531, 1879, 2148, 2460 ; brass, 
717, 1157, 2281; British army ex 
perience, 375; captured by Ameri 
cans, 225, 1087, 2227; field, 1974; 
heavy, 1171, 2147, 2151, 2148, 2158, 
2266; movements, 728, 869, 1171, 
1232, 1902, 1952, 2147, 2148, 2151, 
2158, 2164, 2266, 2284; recovered 
from H. M. S. Culloden, 1903; re 
covered from H, M. S. Somerset, 
874, 889, 919; regiments, Royal, 
1329; return of, 1556; 
calls for, 317, 326, 360, 619, 933, 
1961, 2099, 2124 ; captured, 225, 1087, 
2227 ; care of, 1684, 2460 ; carriages, 
107, 370, 1056, 1665 ; casting of, 851 ; 
changes, 545; claims for, 1274; col 
lection of, 2460; condition of, 1385; 
conductors, 934 ; department, plan of 
organization, 390, 462, 467; drivers, 
982, 1445; detachment, 1185, 1690, 
1787; eighteen pounders, 933, 1225; 
experiments, 1231, 1237, 1318, 1323, 
1577, 1578, 1582, 1673, 1707, 1708, 
1711, 1789, 1790; field, 163, 352, 632, 
686, 951, 1075, 1081, 1083, 1143, 1311, 
1747, 1878, 2178; from France, 310, 
352, 353, 357, 365, 375, 497, 500, 501, 
1869; 

French, 1560, 1563, 1566, 1573, 
1747, 1816, 1950 ; movements, 1924, 
1930 ; route through Virginia, 1940, 
1950, 2195, 2199, 2279; return of, 
1294; 

furniture, 569; gun-screws, 521, 522; 
harness for, 1086; heavy, 365, 375, 
450, 453, 557, 981, 987, 1016, 1038, 
1048, 1378, 1402, 1928, 2279, 2424; 
for Highlands, 863, 1013, 1017, 1507, 
1550, 1562 ; horses for, 344, 373, 518, 
637, 1085, 1359, 1402, 1689, 1892, 1898, 
2038, 2179; huts, 1760, 1785; for In 
dian expedition, 930, 1009, 1027 ; light, 

1775 

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Artillery Continued. 

365, 1027, 1044, 1415, 1629, 1878. 
1898; loss of, 453, 891, 1674; manu 
facture (making, casting, recasting, 
etc. ) , 38, 79, 357, 365, 375, 851, 1665 ; 
mortars, 46, 48, 168, 174, 2180: 
brass, 1838; eight - inch, 1027; 
necessary for cooperation with 
the French, 1378 ; statement of, 
2168; 

movements, 35, 43, 47, 50, 53, 55, 56, 
62, 67, 75, 87, 102, 118, 289, 299, 302, 
313, 334, 338, 356, 358, 362, 366, 376, 
450, 453, 467, 471, 488, 526, 532, 540, 
566, 567, 574, 577, 580, 586, 589, 619, 
993, 1013, 1081, 1350, 13SO, 1400, 
1402, 1511, 1523, 1562, 1690, 1749, 
1775, 1882, 1924, 1940, 1980, 2174, 
2178, 2195, 2227, 2434 ; needed, 7, 68, 
77, 78, 87, 93, 102, 128, 139, 234, 235, 
352, 354, 358, 366, 452, 453, 915, 951, 
981, 987, 994, 1048, 1110, 1529, 1716, 
1928, 2167, 2424; for Northern 
Army, 346, 352, 357; park, 507, 920, 
1192, 1776, 1819, 1882, 2179; prep 
aration of, 522, 1715; presented to 
de Grasse, 2448, 2456; presented to 
Greene, 2445, 2448; presented to Ro- 
chambeau, 2033, 2046, 2225, 2227, 
2229, 2308, 2309, 2317; purchase of, 
1940; range of, 375; reenforcement. 
1055; regulations, 545, 650, 1579: 
report on, 1114, 1115; returns, 100, 
953, 966, 967, 1063, 1309, 1503, 1504. 
1747, 1768, 1803, 1904, 2013, 2168; 
salute of morning and evening gun 
discontinued, 1160; siege (batter 
ing), 880, 1560, 1563, 1566, 1573, 
1665, 1747, 2055 ; six-pounders, 2227 ; 
for the south, 1629, 1870; state of, 
371, 1291; sunk by British, 449: 
teams for, see under horses ; trans 
portation, 375, 529, 1087, 1304, 1937. 
1983, 2167, 2309; wall pieces, 1538: 
weight, 375, 1410 ; for western posts, 
2425; for West point, 863, 1507, 
1550, 1562; see also Howitzers and 
Ordnance. 

Artillery-artificers, see Artificers. 

Artillery corps, 910, 1396, 1615, 1937, 
2434, 2460 ; appointments, 1110, 1612- 

1776 1777 1778 

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137-229 354-515 G75-894 



INDEX 



2487 



Artillery corps Continued. 

1G13; arrangement, 1034, 1106, 1245, 
1613; clothing, 1092, 1279; command 
of, 561, 1550; commanding officer s 
control, 650 ; companies, 99, 122, 137, 
161, 175, 197, 714, 968, 1590-1591, 
1784 ; completion of, 1396 ; conduc 
tors, 934 ; Congress resolves on, 561 ; 
consolidation with Engineers, 2373; 
condition of, 273 ; conduct of, 199 ; 
detachments, 1690, 1776, 1787; dis 
charges, 1624; enlistments, 225, 244, 
910, 1191, 1317 ; equipment of, 1629 ; 
estimate, 1665; formation, 2460; 
French officers in, 336; grievances, 
2415; influence of, 1537; losses, 
1415 ; matrosses, 967 ; 

officers, 243, 250, 1396, 1613, 
1615, 2180, 2376, 2409, 2455; ap 
pointment, 1612-1613 ; arrange 
ment, 562; captains, 723; captain- 
lieutenants, 720 ; captain-lieuten 
ants letter to Congress, 973 ; letters 
to commanding officer at Chester, 
1081, 1085; complaint and remon 
strance, 562, 569 ; field, 740 ; flag of 
truce, 1503; French, 336; griev 
ances, 565, 569, 720; memorial, 
634; names, 60; needed, 144, 250; 
noncommissioned officers and mat 
rosses, 967 ; orders to, 1690 ; pay, 
2376, 2459; promotion, 1612-1613; 
quartermaster, 1587; rank, 336, 
723, 734, 740, 741, 768; states to 
which they belong, 1309; training, 
2373 ; letter to, 2138 ; 
orders, 1877, 1879 ; organization, 522, 
1038; pay, 297, 636, 720, 973, 2459; 
precedence, 1119,; promotions, 565, 
1018, 1308, 1612-1613 ; plan for corps, 
222 ; quotas, 910 ; rank, 336, 645, 651, 
720, 723, 734, 740, 768, 998, 1013, 1018, 
1034, 1069, 1070, 1071, 1107 ; recruits, 
recruiting, etc., 143, 222, 244, 955, 966, 
968, 1259; returns, 73, 197, 1309, 
1396; requisitions for, 1816; subsist 
ence, 720; supplies, sec under Sup 
plies; thanked by Congress, 1983; 
training of, 2373; filling vacancies 
in, 1613, 1761. 



Artillery corps; see also under Knox, 
Henry, the different States, and 
under Ordnance. 

Artillery regiments, 1034, 1119, 1396, 
2313 ; Knox s, 73, 828, see also under 
Knox; First Continental, 636, 1504, 
see also under Harrison, Charles; 
Second Continental, 723, 1110, 1587, 
see also under Lamb, John; Third 
Continental, 1070, 1279, 2013, 2138, 
2415; Letter from officers, 2138, see 
also under Crane, John and Barber, 
Silas; Fourth Continental, 492, 565, 
569, 570, 966, 1415, 1609, 1768, see 
also under Procter, Thomas. 

Artillerymen, 146, 148, 164, 310, 374, 
375, 377, 512, 1439, 1800, 1816, 1877, 
1893, 2434 ; matrosses, 151, 757, 967 ; 
needed, 98, 122, 227, 232, 244, 254, 
258, 301, 322, 474, 968, 2099; train 
ing, 267, 357, 2373. 

Artisans, see Artificers. 

Asgill, Charles, Capt., 1st Foot Guards, 
British army, 2135, 2137, 2140, 2149, 
2181, 2206, 2270, 2272 ; case of, 2143, 
2248, 2261 ; Congress feeling toward, 
2268 ; Congress frees, 2270 ; efforts to 
save, 2129, 2132, 2137, 2140, 2151, 2154, 
2175, 2179, 2288; guard for, 2117, 
2143; illness, 2150; imprisonment, 
2149, 2150, 2154 ; released, 2270, 2272, 
2276, 2277, 2281, 2288, 2296; retalia 
tion threatened for, 2104; selected 
for execution, 2105, 2117, 2129, 2132, 
2137 ; treatment of, 2149, 2185. Let 
ters from, 2132, 2149, 2243, 2257. 
Letters to, 2248, 2272. 

Asgill, Sarah, Lady, wife of Sir 
Charles; mother of Capt. Charles 
Asgill, 2270. Letter from, 2175. 

Ashley, Moses, Capt., 1st Massachu 
setts, Maj., 5th Massachusetts regi 
ment, 2145, 2253, 2255, 2258, 2275, 
2279, 2280, 2281; rank, 1349, 1350, 
1354. Letter from, 1349, 2200, 2234, 
2240, 2255, 2258. Letter to, 1354, 
2233, 2234. 

Ashmead, Jacob, Capt., 2d Pennsyl 
vania, regiment, 1254. 

ASIA, British ship of war, 96. 192, 194. 



1779 1780 1781 

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2488 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Aspinwall, William, Surgeon, Conti 
nental hospital. 54. 

Assassination, plot against Washing 
ton, 1677. 1774, 2023, 2027. 

Assessment to obtain teams, 1679. 1681, 
2096 ; see also Impressment. 

Associated Loyalists, see Loyalists. 

Association. Articles of. 18. 

Associators, sec Pennsylvania, Asso- 
ciators. 

Atlee, Samuel John, Col., Pennsylvania 
Musket battalion, 1696, 1708, 1714; 
exchange, 204. 210, 211 ; introduced 
to Washington, 168. Letters from, 
204, 214, 1714. Letters to, 210, 211, 
1738. 

Atlee, William Augustus, Deputy com 
missary of prisoners, 1398. 

Atrocities, see Barbarity. 

At wood, Ebenezer, of Cape Cod, 369. 

Atwood, John, Cape Cod sea captain, 
374, 375. 

Auchmuty, Mary (Mrs.), 1296. Letter 
from, 1288. Letter to, 1295. 

Auchmuty, Richard, Asst. surgeon, 
general hospital, British army, 1288, 
1295, 1296. Letter from, 1083. 

Auditors for the army, 534, 709; ap 
pointed, 527, 941; for Eastern de 
partment, 941; on issues, 2221, 2222; 
orders to, 1048; refuse to settle ac 
counts, 1009; removal of office, 
1045, 1057; sec also Clark, John. jr. 
and Clarkson, Matthew. 

AUGUSTA, British ship of war, 444, 
456, 457. 

Augusta (Georgia), invested, 1828. 
1860. 

Austin, John, American spy, 1756, 
1757, 1758, 1760, 1762. 

Austin, Jonathan Williams, Maj. 16th 
Continental Infantry, 206, 273, 280. 
Letter from, 179. 

Austin, Samuel, Boston selectman, 80. 

Austin, William, sea captain, 2132. 

Authority, civil, 888, 1536, 2312 ; action 
against commissaries, 945; aid in 
suppressing trade with enemy, 2325 ; 
army dependence on, 883 ; arrests by, 
918, 2392; Carleton s proposed con 
ference with. 2165; conflict with 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Authority, civil Continued, 
military, 253, 751, 793, 800, 807, 831, 
870, 938, 945. 946, 1015, 1030, 1200. 
1257, 1270. 1307, 2141 ; dealings with 
tories, 1015. 1560, 2141, 2194, 2252. 
2253, 2254 ; established, 2303 ; feeble 
ness and lack of, 1001, 2090; inter 
ference with, 253; needs assistance, 
2431. respect for, 2413; seizures by, 
913, 1200; Washington s correspon 
dence with, 2322; 

military, abuse of, 1038 ; aids in 
restoring plunder. 1230; conflict 
with civil. 253, 793, 800, 807, 831, 
870, 938, 945, 946, 1015, 1030, 1200. 
1257, 1270; denied. 2141. 

Authors, military. 514. 

Avarice, 384. 

A very, David, Chaplain, 15th Conti 
nental Infantry, Sherourne s Addi 
tional Continental regiment and Bri 
gade chaplain, 77. 

Avery, Elisha, Deputy Commissary 
General, Northern Department, 86, 
98, 138, 163, 169, 175, 198. 

Avery, John, Deputy Secretary Massa 
chusetts council, 278, 311, 316, 933, 
1699. 

Avery, Solomon, of Norwich, Connecti 
cut, 681. 

Avout, - - d , introduced to Washing 
ton, 317, 367. 

Axes, 213, 246, 671, 986, 1225, 1456, 
1732, 1952. 2205, 2327, 2329, 2331, 
2422; British, 1082. 

Axmen, 1458. 

Aylett, William, Deputy commissary 
general of purchases, Southern de 
partment, Letter from, 415. Letter 
to, 426. 

Ayres, Benjamin, see Eyre. 

Ayres, John, Capt., Continental armed 
vessel "Lynch," 66, 70. 



B. 



B (alias of Cornelius Hatfleld q. v.). 
B, see J. B. 

Babcock, Adam, of Neic Haven, Con 
necticut, Letter from, 100. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2489 



Babcock, Henry, Col., Rhode Island 
regiment, 50. Letter from, 1418, 
2456. Letter to, 80, 82, 1599. 

Babcock, James, Lt. CoL, Varnum s 
Rhode Island regiment, Letter from, 
10. 

Bache, Richard, Chairman Pennsylva 
nia Board of War, Letter from, 315. 

Bache, Sarah, voife of Richard Bache, 
letter from, 1740. Letter to, 1715. 

Bacon, Joseph, 73. 

Bacon, William, Agent for meat for 
Phelps < Co., 2088. 

Bacon s Bridge (South Carolina), skir 
mish at, 1294. 

Badgely (Badgeley), Abner, Monmouth 
county, Ne^v Jersey, loyalist, deten 
tion of, 2090, 2103, 2105, 2142, 2144, 
2152, 2158. 

Badges of honor, 244G ; of military 
merit, 2380, 2386; for officers, 1161. 

Badlam, Ezra, Capt., Gridlcy s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 26th Continental 
Infantry; Maj., 9th, Lt. Col., 2d and 
8th Massachusetts regiments, 504, 
505, 865, 1832, 1834, 2054, 2057, 2082, 
2159, 2172, 2198, 2201; acceptance of 
worthless recruits, 2112, 2122, 2140, 
2201; arrest and trial, 2125, 2154, 
2178 ; dismissal, 2189, 2201 ; recalled, 
2118, 2123, 2154. Letters from, 1274, 
2082, 2085, 2122, 2201, 2389. Letters 
to, 49, 2172, 2193, 2220. 

Bagley, Josiah, Ensign, 3d New York 
regiment, 1909. 

Baggage, 328, 333, 377, 420, 494, 514, 
598, 661, 744, 978. 980, 1040, 1090, 
1092, 1184, 1327, 1361, 1427, 1481, 
1552, 1831, 1894, 1928, 1945, 2184, 
2206; 

British, 658. 673 ; movements, 
756, 829, 861, 1157, 2148; burned, 
1828; captured or lost, 404, 523; 
Hessian, 231, 871; sold, 2225; 
French, 1929, 1930, 1940; guards, 
421, 1130, 1328, 1348, 1478, 1480; 
movements, 356, 421, 423, 463, 599, 
1184, 1929; see also transportation; 
officers, 1928, 2038, 2042; transpor 
tation, 739, 891, 967, 1937, 1944, 1987. 

Bags, flour, 751. 



Bail, 2338. 

Bailey Francis, Philadelphia printer, 
940, 1683. 

Bailey, Jacob, see Bayley. 

Bailey (Bayley) John, CoL, 23d Con 
tinental Infantry; col., 2d Massa 
chusetts regiment, 402, 924, 1128; 
march, 474, 478; resignation, 1320. 
Letters from, 89, 145, 474, 505, 1320. 
Letters to, 478. Regiment of, 474, 
1105 ; sec also Massachusetts, troops, 
second regiment. 

Bailey, John, Lt., 3d Maryland regi 
ment, letter to, 1190. 

Baillisy, Chevalier de, 543. 

Bainbridge, A , physician of Flat- 
hush, Long Island, 1636; Letter 
from, 2343. 

Bainbridge. Peter, Private, Lee s 
Legion, 1651. 

Baise, sec Cloth. 

Baker, George, Private, Continental ar 
tillery, sentence and execution. 1010, 
1015, 1600. 

Baker, John, Capt., Baldwin s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 17. 

Baker, Remember, Captain, 12. 

Bakers, 489, 1392, 1523; brigade, 1758. 

Bakery, French, 1925, 1927, 1935. 

Baking, 599, 752, 1858, 1878, 2277; 
terms for hard bread, 1523. 

Baking ovens, see Ovens. 

Balcarras, Alexander, Earl, Maj., 53d 
Foot, British army, Letter from, 791. 

Baldesque, Joseph, Capt., 1st Con 
tinental Dragoons; paymaster Pu- 
laski s legion, 1079, 1080. Letter to, 
1079. 

Baldwin, Elias, Former It., Spencer s 
Additional Continental regiment, 
2339. 

Baldwin, Jeduthan, Capt. and Asst. En 
gineer, Continental Army; col., En 
gineers and Artillery artificers, 61, 
83, 1850; introduced to Washing 
ton, 7. Letters from, 8, 1850. Let 
ter to, 83. Regiment, 1685, 1776, 
1785, 1826; see also Artificers. 

Baldwin, Loammi, Lt. CoL, GerrisWs 
Massachusetts regiment; Col., 26th 
Continental Infantry, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 



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2490 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Baldwin, Loammi Continued. 

13, 17, 21, 22, 98, 842; health, 9; 
orders, 41; skirmish, 8. Letters 
from, 5, 6, 7, 8, 15, 16, 17, 23, 41, 43. 
Letters to, 5, 8, 9, 42, 54, 57. 

Baldwin, Luther, 2339. 

Baldwin, , American spy, 1583. 

Balfour, Nisbet, Maj., 4th Foot, Brit 
ish army; aide to Sir William 
Howe, 481, 1571. Letter to, 1496. 

Ball. Burges, Lt. col., 9th and 1st Vir 
ginia regiment, 1037, 1699. Letter 
from, 1698. Letters to, 1022, 1094. 

Ball, Edward, Private, 2d Continental 
dragoons, 1243. 

Ball, John, Lt., 4th Connecticut regi 
ment, Letter from, 2162. 

Ball, , of New Jersey, 2140. 

Ballard, Hugh, Maj., 15th Massachu 
setts regiment, 1289, 1292. 

Ballard, Jeremiah, Capt., 3d and 2d 
New Jersey regiment, 2369. Letter 
to, 1320. 

Ballard, Robert, Capt. and Maj., 1st; 
It. col., 4th Virginia regiment, 444, 
545, 548, 550, 652; resignation, 188, 
1102. Letter from, 444, 545. Letters 
to, 446, 652, 1102. 

Ballard, William Hudson, Capt., 7th; 
Maj. 15th and 12th, Massachusetts 
regiment, 709, 1274. Letters and in 
structions to, 679, 704, 1200, 1609. 

Balloon, 2457. 

Balme, Mottin de la, see La Balme. 

Balser, , of New Jersey, American 

spy, 332, 333. 

Baltimore Advertiser, see Maryland 
Journal & Baltimore Advertiser 
(The). 

Baltimore (Maryland), 291, 316, 355, 
635, 912, 916, 927, 1494, 1771, 1910, 
1939, 1945, 1948, 1950, 2174, 2199; 
Congress adjourned to, 219; ladies 
make shirts for army, 1791; mer 
chants loan to Lafayette, 1791 ; the 
atre, 2174. 

Bancker, Abraham, American spy, cor 
responded under alias of Amicus 
Reipublicae, q. v., 1574; his and his 
brother s services, 1599. Letter from. 
1345. 



Bancker, Ewart, Speaker, New York 

house of representatives, 1565. 
Banker, John, Deputy barrack-master 

general, Letter to, 878. 
Bands, military, 884, 903, 919, 2040, 
2059; Hessian, 3174; instruments, 
1106. 

Bandages, 79. 

Banditti (Outlaws, Robbers, Villains), 
375, 624, 1234, 1286, 1364, 1512, 1810, 
2386; the Skinners, 2411; see also 
Marauders. 

Banister, Seth, Adj., 3d Continental In 
fantry; Lt. and Capt., 4th Massa 
chusetts regiment, 209, 904, 2083, 
2294, 2301. Letters from, 904, 1436, 
2146, 2193, 2240, 2294. Letter to, 
2231. 
Bank of the United States, 1375, 1409, 

1428. 
Bank notes, 1409; Pennsylvania, 1471, 

1497. 

Banks, Thomas. Private, 2d Conti 
nental dragoons, 2322. 
Bankson, , of Princeton, New Jer 
sey, 591. 

Baptist, Jean, see Jean Baptist. 
Barbadoes Neck (New Jersey), 682, 

1241, 1479, 1597. 

Barbarity (Atrocities, Cruelty, Ex 
cesses, Ravages, etc.), 206, 2111, 
2386; 

American, 239, 566, 1521, 1667, 
2103, 2194, 2213, 2229; of Conti 
nental officers, 2386; musket-ball 
contrivance, 186, 187; 

British, 333, 334, 403, 408, 479, 
615, 616, 620, 757, 775, 779, 835, 
888, 907, 961, 1033, 1072, 1073, 
1078, 1095, 1097, 1100, 1101, 1103, 
1343, 1470, 1487, 1496, 1574, 1580, 
1584, 1589, 1591, 1692, 1784, 1790, 
1829, 1897, 1918, 1950, 2059, 2191; 
burnings by, 781, 783, 1373, 1374, 
1670, 1943, 1991, 1995; instances 
of, 579 ; loyalist, 1851, 2288 ; publi 
cation of, 1073; suppress, 2288; 
threats, 395; to prisoners, 258, 
470, 484, 525, 1593, 1599; see also 
Prisoners, treatment ; 
cooperation to prevent, 2097, 2109; 



1775 

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INDEX 



2491 



Barbarity Continued. 

Indian, 1315, 1317, 1584, 1591, 1593, 
2213, 2368, 2388 ; murders, 966, 1024, 
1095, 1829, 2089, 2100; by British, 
1100, 1995; by Indians, 1292, 1298, 
1348, 1352, 1465, 1599, 1652, 1733, 
1935, 1943; see also Retaliation. 

Barbe-Marbois, Frangois, Marquis de, 
Councillor of Parliament of Metz; 
secretary to the French minister to 
the United States, 1319, 2167, 2245, 
2413. Letters from, 1319, 1742, 1889, 
2162, 2413. Letters to, 1323, 1755, 
1832, 1892, 2350, 2417, 2449. 

Barber, Francis, Lt. col., 3d and 1st; 
col., 2d New Jersey regiment, 582, 
1093, 1372, 1410, 1604, 1687, 1695; 
his command, 1709 ; rank, 1708, 1709 ; 
funeral, 2339. Letters from, 508, 
683, 1224, 1636, 1665, 1695, 1697, 

1708, 1715, 1727, 2183, 2329, Letters, 
orders, and instructions to, 267, 332, 
582, 683, 1217, 1637, 1687, 1694, 

1709, 2322; regiment, 1181, 1665, 
1674, 1715. 

Barber, Isaac R., Lt., 3d Continental 
artillery, Letter to, 1504. 

Barber, Nathaniel, jr., Deputy com 
missary of artillery, 109, 112, 143, 
151, 166, 313. 

Barber, Silas, Sergt., 3d Continental 
artillery, 2404. 

Barber, William, Maj. and assistant 
inspector, Northern army; aide to 
Stirling, 1708, 1709, 1715, 2058, 2063, 
2279, 2290. Letters and reports 
from, 2015, 2428. Letters and in 
structions to, 2308, 2331. 

Barber, William, Ensign, Jackson s 
Additional Continental regiment, 
829. 

Barbour, James, Ensign, 6th Virginia 
regiment, Letter from, 419. 

Barclay, David, Capt., paymaster, 76th 
Foot, British army, 2012, 2018, 2020. 

Barclay, Thomas, of Pennsylvania. 
216, 2229. Letters from, 1383, 1486. 

Baremore, Mansfield, see Barrymore. 

Bargemen, 1512, 1524, 1549, 2406; see 
also Batteaumen, Boatmen, also Sea 
men. 



Barges, see Boats. 

Barkley, Andrew, Capt., British navy, 
1446. 

Barnard, Benjamin, Letter from, 152. 

Barnegat (New Jersey), salt works, 
516, 531, 573, 577, 584. 

Barnett, William, Capt., 2d Conti 
nental Dragoons, 255. Orders to, 
413. 

Barns, John, Lt., 1st New York regi 
ment, Letter from, 1333. 

Barnum, John, Private, 3d Connecticut 
regiment, 2191, 2192. Letter from, 
2191. 

Barracks, 24, 69, 160, 180, 183, 1S5, 
187, 188, 190, 191, 198, 199, 206, 327. 
412, 413, 416, 418, 420, 440, 447, 781, 
782, 784, 809, 824, 855, 865, 979, 1179, 
1192, 1605, 1629, 2202, 2232, 2234, 
2253, 2254; 

British, 910, 1266, 2044, 2248, 
2450; 

building of, 730, 756, 773, 796, 1136, 
2231; burned, 1238, 1828, 1833; con 
dition, 90, 1811, 1849, 2135; French, 
1370, 1793; repair of, 52, 1454; re 
turns, 1664. 

Barrack master, 123; to French army, 
1793, 1810, 1817, 1819. 

Barrack master department, 1793; 
British, 2126. 

Barras, Louis, Comte de, Chef 
d escadre, French fleet in America, 
1848, 1853, 1855, 1867, 1870, 1873, 
1899, 1903, 1916, 1920, 1921, 1924, 
1925, 1939, 1944 ; arrives, 1820, 1824 ; 
the Chesapeake expedition, 1863, 
1895, 1900, 1904, 1922, 1924; com 
mand in America, 1822, 1824, 1826; 
complaint, 1867; conference with 
Washington, 1751, 1824, 1827, 1835, 
1840; cooperation with de Grasse, 
1899, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1931; cor 
respondence with Rochambeau, 
1869; crew, 1904; excuses for not 
forcing New York harbor, 1905; 
lacks seamen, 1866, 1867; measures, 
1924 ; needs transports, 1904 ; squad 
ron, 1845, 1927, 1940, 1950, thanks 
to, 1873. Letters from, 1824, 1835, 
1856. 1860, 1867, 1870, 1878, 1882, 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Ban-as, Louis, Comte de Continued. 
1895, 1903, 1904, 1916, 1919, 1920, 
1921, 1924, 1925, 1927. Letters to, 
1826, 1840, 1851. 1859. 1864, 1869, 
1873, 1890, 1900, 1911, 1918, 1922, 
1924. 

Barret. James. CoL, Middlesex, Mass 
achusetts militia. Letter to, 64. 

Barrington (Georgia), 183 

Barrit, James, Lt., 4th New York regi 
ment, Letter from, 834. 

Barrow, John, Loyalist, 729, 743, 744. 

Barry, Benjamin, see Berry. 

Barry, John, Capt., Continental navy, 
556, 558, 572, 575, 579 ; captures Brit 
ish vessels, 568, 569, 570, 572, 575. 
Letters from, 558, 569, 579, 593, 597, 
2132. Letters and orders to, 556, 
572, 600, 2144. 

Barrymore (Baremore), Mansfield, 
Maj., Westchester (Neiv York) loy 
alist militia, 1176. 

Bartholomew Benjamin, Capt., 5th 
Pennsylvania regiment, 1019, 1023; 
Letter from, 1030, 

Bartlett, Thomas. CoL, New Hamp 
shire militia, Letter from, 1492 ; Let 
ter to, 1493. 

Bartlett, William, Capt., and Agent for 
Continental armed vessels, 39, 43, 
51, 73, 88, 194. Letters from, 38, 39, 
40, 41, 43, 53, 54, 57, 62, 73. 123, 194, 
216. Letters to, 41, 50, 51, 53, 54, 56, 
58, 59, 61, 63, 65, 70, 73, 75, 81. 

Barton, William, Lt. CoL, and CoL, 
Rhode Island militia; col., Continen 
tal army, 363, 368; introduced to 
Washington, 480. 

Basad, , Canadian, 157. 

Baskingridge (New Jersey), 235, 246, 
290, 382, 1327, 1339, 1383. 

Bassett, Barakiah. Lt. col., 14th Massa 
chusetts regiment, Letter from, 1075. 

Batcheller, Zeph, Justice of the peace, 
Tryon county, New York, Letter 
from, 847. 

Bate, James, Deputy commissary gen 
eral of purchases, introduced to 
Washington, 395. 

Batlass, Joseph, see Bettys. 

Baton Rouge (Louisiana), 1255. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-GO 



Battalions, sec Infantry, regiments. 

Batteaumen, 926, 1501, 1529, 1661 ; col 
lection , of, 1503; movements, 1524, 
1526; needed, 1519, 1525; rations, 
1663; trouble with, 126; see also 
Bargemen. Boatmen, also Seamen. 

Batteaux. sec Boats. 

Battersby, James. Capt., 29th Foot, 
British army, 1703. 

Batteries, 137, 461, 708. 745, 1112, 
1901; floating, 114; 

British, 438, 440, 442, 452, 456, 

457, 459, 531. 1171, 1345, 1392, 

1425; account of, 1806; floating, 

456, 457, 470; 

French, 743; see also Fortifications. 

Battier, Mrs. , -536. 

Battles (Ambuscades, Attacks, En 
gagements, Surprises, etc.), 8, 201, 
318, 657, 720, 722, 725. 734, 737, 742, 
744, 745, 753, 762, 763, 767, 768, 769, 
770, 772, 775, 777, 782, 789, 832, 845. 
846, 851, 854. 890. 891, 927, 931, 945. 
950, 953, 955, 957, 959, 988, 991, 992. 
994, 998, 1003, 1004, 1074. 1076, 1086. 
1116, 1121, 1125. 1183, 1185, 1193. 
1200, 1238, 1245, 1250, 1253, 1286, 
1294, 1310, 1325, 1333, 1344, 1357, 
1358, 1359, 1361, 1362, 1364, 1372, 
1373, 1374, 1398, 1413. 1416, 1422. 
1457, 1486, 1523, 1524, 1542, 1546. 
1556, 1558, 1559. 1627, 1630. 1631. 
1652, 1656, 1660, 1664, 1670, 1674, 
1686, 1691, 1693, 1694, 1695, 1699, 
1712, 1716, 1747, 1749, 1765, 1795, 
1796, 1801, 1842, 1849, 1865, 1883, 
1888, 1890, 1891, 1893, 1904, 1961, 
1962, 1969, 1970, 1995, 2000, 2002, 
2013, 2024, 2040, 2053, 2055, 2127, 
2133, 2141, 2146, 2158, 2170, 2209, 
2325, 2419, 2447; naval, 161, 432, 
749, 755, 7 56, 757, 759, 763, 771, 772 ? 
779, 786, 848, 872, 1111, .1194, 1260, 
1354, 1406, 1412, 1413, 1701, 1722, 
1752, 1760, 1762, 1768, 1846, 1851, 
1946, 1948, 1952, 1957, 1984, 1987, 
2044, 2047, 2116, 2192; skirmishes, 
253, 254, 260, 261, 262, 278, 280, 290, 
305, 351, 301, 413, 415, 418, 424, 429, 
499, 505, 506, 511, 532, 564, 567, 572. 
575. 593, 595, 609, 638. 642, 649, 655. 



1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2493 



Battles Continued. 

657, 659, 665, 666, 668, 673; picket 
skirmishes, 356, 487, 613. See also 
under places where fought. 

Bauliere, , cle, Lt., Armand s 
corps, 2430. 

Bauin, Freidrich, Lt. Col., Hessians, 
German allied troops. Letters and 
instructions to, 392, 396, 401. 

Bauman, Sebastian, Maj., 2d Conti 
nental artillery, 1297, 1517, 2427, 
2453; artillery experiments, 1231, 
1323, 1673, 1707, 1708, 1711 ; report, 
1789, 1790. Letters from. 1507, 1515, 
1516, 1789. Letters to, 1503, 1517. 

Bawbee, Captain Henry, Wyandot 
chief, 1014, 1627, 1736. Letter and 
message from, 1014, 1035. 

Baxter, James, Lt., llth Massachusetts 
regiment, 1567. 

Baxter, James, 2284. 

Baxter, John, Carpenter, 2249. 

Bay, , 2257. 

Bay of Fundy, 2236. 

Bayard, BilHy, New York loyalist, 226. 

Bayard, James, 531. 

Bayard, Stephen, Lt. col., 6th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1052, 1876. 

Bayards Hill (New York), 1618. 

Bayley, Frye, Ca-pt., New Hampshire 
Rangers, 76, 833, 866. 

Bayley (Bailey), Jacob, Brig. Gen., 
New Hampshire militia; deputy 
quartermaster general at Coos, 76, 
706, 818, 828, 838, 846, 853, 873, 906, 
933, 944. 990, 1227, 1275, 1494, 1556, 
1573, 1586, 1704, 1733, 1734, 1736, 
2056, 2132, 2236, 2237 ; accounts, 197, 
1053, 2232, 2245, 2325, 2415 ; brother, 
2232 ; on Canada and Canadian expe 
dition, 733, 895, 1053, 1494; charges 
against, 938; commission, 1403; 
court-martial, 1271, 1354 ; expendi 
tures, 2232; memorial, 1403, 1841, 
1863 ; need of money, clothing, sup 
plies, etc., 517, 806, 990, 1400, 1403, 
1494; services, 1403; his son, 2160, 
2245, 2325, 2368 ; surprised b y enemy, 
2160; Washington s kindness to, 
2367. Letters, orders and instruc 
tions from, 47, 67, 74, 78, 93, 115, 157, 



Bayley (Bailey), Jacob Continued. 
196, 197, 517, 733, 748, 806, 833, 836, 
862, 864, 888, 894, 901, 990, 1053, 
1158, 1180, 1231, 1253, 1354, 1400, 
1403, 1479, 1494, 1504, 1513, 1559, 
1586, 1704, 1733, 1827, 1841, 1844, 
1992, 2053, 2079, 2132, 2160, 2232, 
2236, 2325, 2367. Letters, orders and 
instructions to, 80, 97, 132, 151, 197, 
734, 756, 772, 866, 875, 877, 895, 906, 
1003, 1173, 1271, 1748, 1856, 2145, 
2200, 2244, 2425. 

Bayley, James, Letter from, 157. 

Bayley, John, see Bailey. 

Baylies, Hodijah, Lt. col. and extra 
aide to Washington, 2298, 2313, 2449. 
Letters from. 2298, 2349. Letters to, 
2313. Drafts and copies in handwrit 
ing of, 2120, 2129, 2140, 2156, 2162, 
2166, 2167, 2169, 2171, 2175, 2189, 
2190, 2212, 2221, 2222, 2238. 

Baylor, George, Lt. Col. and aide to 
Washington; Col., 3d and 1st Con 
tinental Dragoons, 243, 609, 683, 780, 
814, 1984 ; his account of surprise 
by the British, 802; health, 400; 
horse presented by Congress to, 320. 
Letters from, 243, 248, 262, 274, 291, 
316, 400, 609. 618, 628, 683, 751, 752, 
754, 757, 802. Letters, orders, and 
instructions to, 231, 232, 300, 320, 
325, 346, 389. 404, 446, 564, 607, 616, 
642, 701, 757, 868, 1984. Drafts and 
copies in handwriting of, 39, 61, 224. 
Regiment. 231, 248, 262, 291, 316, 
320, 325. 346, 347, 389, 404, 617, 705, 
751, 758, 775, 787, 871, 1172, 1186; 
appointments in, 618. 619; command 
ing officer, instructions to, 868; con 
duct of, 619; loss, 1324; orders to 
remnant of, 766; recruiting, 770; re 
turns, 846; surprised, 762, 763, 765, 
766. 767, 768, 769, 777, 780. 802; 
winter quarters, 868; wounded. 768. 
See also Cavalry, 3d Continental 
Dragoons. 

Baylor, John, Lt., 3d Continental 
dragoons, 678, 683. 

Baylor, Walker, Cornet, 3d Continen 
tal dragoons, 872. 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Bayly, Mountjoy, Capt., 1th Maryland 
regiment, Letter from. 185. 

Bayonets, 147, 950. 

Bays, de, Advocate in Parliament 
and ancient suhdelegate at Nuits in 
Burgundy, Letter from, 2449. 

Baytop, John, Lt., 2d Virginia state 
regiment, 1973. 

Beacons, see Signals. 

Beall, Isaac, Ma}., 4th Virginia regi 
ment, Report from, 296. Letter to, 
588. 

Beall, Rezin, Brig, gen., Maryland 
division of the Flying Camp, 184, 
190. Letter from. 193. Letter to, 
192. 

Beall, William Dent, Capt., 5th Mary 
land regiment, Instructions to, 
1989. 

Bear skins, for Washington, 805, 830, 
898, 2303. 

Beardsley. Bennet. of Connecticut, 
1817. 

Bears, Judah, of Cape Cod, 861. 

Beatch Tree. Oneida Indian. Letter 
from. 2420. 

Beatty. Erkurius, Lt. and paymaster, 
4th and 3d Pennsylvania regiments, 
1865, 2379, 2393. 

Beatty, John, Col., commissary gen 
eral of prisoners, 637, 677. 688, 699, 
814, 827, 1072, 1128, 1207, 1211, 1215, 
1217, 1277. 1279, 1281, 1282; ex 
change negotiations, 1128, 1259, 1277 ; 
his prisoner regulation. 1166; re 
quests instructions. 896. Letters 
from, 677, 687, 699, 793, 814, 827, 896, 
905, 924, 1060, 1214. 1259. Letters 
837, 868, 879, 902, 910, 1074, 1112, 
1114, 1115, 1123, 1137. 1141, 1154, 
1166, 1178, 1180, 1187, 1206. 1209, 
1217, 1266, 1275, 1296, 1299. 

Beaufort (South Carolina). 558, 1168, 
2002. 

Beaumarchais, Pierre Augustin Caron 
de. (Rodrique Hortalez), Letter 
from, 426. 

Bebee, James, Capt., Sappers and 
Miners, Memorial from, 1344. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-.TUXE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Beckh, John Dudwick de, Lt., New 
York Volunteers, British provincial 
troops, Letter from, 2263. 

Bed, see Beds and bedding. 

Bedel, Timothy, Col., Xew Hampshire 
rangers and militia, 21, 814, 901, 
1199; aids Indians, 1228; conduct, 
121 ; requests orders, 901 ; Rogers 
friendship for, 2039; secret corre 
spondence of, 2039; sentenced, 163; 
women and children dependent on 
him, SS5. Letters from, 21, 833, 884, 
901. Letters and instructions to, 72, 
813, 866, 877, 1199, 2039. Regiment, 
680, 859, 864, 866, 877, 885, 888, 901. 

Bedford, Gunning, Lt. Col., Delaware 
regiment; Muster-master general, 
Letter from, 235. 244. Letter to, 
231. 

Bedford (Xew York), 735, 736, 886. 
1062, 1068, 1146, 1719. 1768, 1877, 
1880, 1881, 2120, 2217, 2287 ; burned, 
1076. 

Bedford (Pennsylvania), 1003. 

Bedford county (Pennsylvania), 640, 
650. 

Bedford Road (Long Island), skir 
mish, 175. 

Bedkin, Henry, Capt. and Adj., 4th 
Continental dragoons; capt., Pu- 
laski s legion, 483. Letter from, 
1181. Letters to, 1046, 1181, 1204, 
1257. Corps of, 1046, 1275, 1276, 
1619; returns, 1181, 1257; see also 
Pula ski s corps. 

Becllow, William, Capt.?, New York 
commissioner at Fort Constitution; 
auditor of accounts, Eastern depart 
ment, 116, 129, 906. Letters from, 
1481, 1507, 1513. Letter to, 122. 

Beds and bedding, 94, 1454, 1458, 1460, 
1488, 1494, 1495, 1502, 1538. 

Beebe, Bezaleel. Lt. col., Connecticut 
militia, Letters to, 1429, 1431. 

Beef (Meat), 198, 332, 349, 360, 458, 
517, 524, 552, 769, 809, 851, 948, 956, 
1300, 1303, 1323. 1326, 1357, 1449, 
1460, 1471, 1482, 1516, 1574, 1622, 
1631, 16S4, 1706, 1724, 1737, 1742. 
1781, 1812, 1863, 1880, 1944, 1965, 
2034, 2067, 2100, 2105, 2397-2398; 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 6t5-894 



INDEX 



2495 



Beef (Meat) Continued. 

agent, see Bacon, William ; agree 
ment of New England States to fur 
nish, 1887; British, 736, 2225, 2235, 
2236; calls for, 553, 1773, 1891; 
cattle, 1831, 1854, 1860, 1888, 1890, 
1892, 1948, 1963; causes fever, 143, 
144 ; collected, 853, 1484 ; complaints, 
2067, 2116, 2118; consumption of, 
1232; contract, 2108, 2116, 2117, 
2134, 2228, 2396; contracts, British, 
2225 ; convention on mode of sup 
plying, 1884; corned, 242; daily 
amount necessary from Eastern 
States, 1822; deposit places, 1936; 
fish substitute for, 2083; for the 
French, 956, 1819; impress, 1696; 
for Indians, 1423; inspection, 1073, 
2397; issues, 1396, 1857, 2081, 2087, 
2118, 2395, 2396; kidney dispute, 
2054, 2081, 2087, 2111, 2117; maga 
zines, 1294, 1300; need, lack, scar 
city, want of, etc., 104, 256, 304, 324, 
354, 381, 383, 503, 505, 522, 541, 
542, 547, 548, 568, 1047, 1067, 1086, 
1306, 1343, 1344, 1346, 1447, 1456, 
1471, 1479, 1481, 1494, 1537, 1550, 
1562, 1614, 1676, 1685, 1721, 1777, 
1779, 1783, 1807, 1812, 1813, 1821, 
1888, 1897, 1911, 2127, 2150, 2153, 
2396; orders, 1425, 1460, 1530, 1857; 
pay for, 46, 1781; prices, 474, 560, 
567, 831, 1356; prohibitive act of 
Virginia, 1689 ; purchases, 859, 1356, 
1706; purchasing agent, 1699, 1706; 
quality, 502, 503, 2100, 2117, 2396; 
ration, 549, 670, 1315, 2100; refused, 
2048, 2357; regulations, 560, 567, 
1699 ; returns, 1300 ; 

salt, 221, 306, 318, 325, 349, 460, 
542, 552, 687, 833, 853, 987, 989, 
1066, 1208, 1214, 1232, 1237, 1304, 
1321, 1334, 1338, 1346, 1438, 1447, 
1458, 1530, 1533, 1632, 1635, 1643, 
1654, 1684, 1687, 1727, 1767, 1779, 
1783, 1785, 1789, 1799, 1806, 1811, 
1816, 1819, 1821, 1831, 1857, 1884, 
1963, 2105; British, 736; casks 
for, 1537, 1652; deposit place, 
2230; salting of, 1619, 1640, 1642, 
1980, 1992; storage. 460, 1643; 



Beef ( Meat ) Continued. 

state of supply, scarcity, etc., 1000, 
1086, 1214, 1562, 1731, 1825, 1845, 
1887; 

salt to be issued with, 1529 ; selec 
tion refused, 2357; spoiling of, 989; 
spoilt, unfit, tainted, etc., 989, 1066, 
1073, 1999, 2067, 2357, 2395, see also 
under complaints; state of supply, 
101, 349, 546, 553, 568, 880, 982, 999, 
1175, 1207, 1214, 1272, 1301, 1326, 
1460, 1463, 1464, 1466, 1472, 1476, 
1479, 1484, 1506, 1542, 1546, 1635, 
1652, 1673, 1684, 1689, 1696, 1747, 
1776, 1790, 1805, 1821, 1825, 1849, 
1861, 1872, 1933, 1993, 2004, 2105, 
2178, 2219, 2396, 2397 ; substitute for, 
548, 2083 ; theft of, 2304 ; transporta 
tion, 306, 325, 687, 1237, 1304, 1338, 
1346, 1362, 1634, 1727, 1773, 1779, 
1783, 1785, 1789, 1806, 1816, 1819, 
1821. See also Cattle. 

Beekman, Barnard, Col., South Caro 
lina artillery, 1306, 1308. 

Beekman, G. G., of Peekskill, New 
York, 1774. 

Beelor, Joseph, CoL, Virginia? militia, 
Letter from, 1564. 

Beer, see Liquor. 

Beers, Elias, 1097. 

Beers, Isaac, 1097. 

Beers, Nathan, Paymaster, Webb s 
Additional Continental regiment, 
2226. 

Beeves, see Cattle. 

Beharn, James, Private, 13th Virginia 
regiment, 1051. 

Belanger, Noel, Lt., 2d Canadian regi 
ment, 1556. 

Belden, Ezekiel Porter, Capt., 2d Con 
tinental dragoons, Letter from, 1313. 
Letters to, 1116, 1124. 

Belize (Louisiana), 2017. 

Belknap, Hannah, Wife of Abel Belk- 
nap of Newburgh, N. Y., 1921. Let 
ter from 1920. 

Bell, Daniel, 1361. 

Bell, Patterson, CoL, Pennsylvania 
militia, 408. 

Bell, Richard. SergtJ New Jersey 
troops, 170. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Bell, Richard, Monmouth county, New 
Jersey, loyalist, 2103. 

Bell, William, Issuing commissary for 
contractors. Letter from, 2107. 

Bellecombe, , Marshal de camp; 

French governor general, Santo Do 
mingo, Letters from, 1604, 1627, 
1666. 

Bellecour. Le Brim de. Capt., Armand s 
legion, 2025. 

Bellinger, Frederick, Col., New York 
militia, Letter from, 394. 

Bells, 406. 

Belts, speech ; see Indians, speech belts. 

Belts, 1648, 2194, 2197. 

Bembridge, Edmund, Loyalist, 893. 

Benedict, Noble, Capt., Connecticut mi 
litia, 1453. 

Beniowszky. ( Benyowsky, Bieniew- 
sl<y), Maurice Auguste, Comte de, 
Chambellant de 8. M. /., genl. maj. 
dans des armies; brig, and Gov. pour 
S. M. a isle de Madagascar, intro 
duced to Washington. 2086; plan 
for a German legionary corps, 2066, 
2079, 2085-2086, 2096, 2098, 2115, 
2147, 2148. Letters from, 2063, 2115, 
2147. Letters to. 2061, 2098. 

Bennington (Vermont), 401, 403, 689; 
Burgoyne s orders respecting, 396; 
battle and victory at, 401, 403, 406; 
political prisoners from, 689, 690, 
697. 

Benny, Samuel, see Tenny. 

Benton, Ebenezer, Surgeon s mate, 13th 
Continental Infantry, 134. 

Benson, Egbert, Chairman, Committee 
of Dutchess County; atty. genl. of 
New York; commissioner to superin 
tend British embarkation at New 
York, 2001, 2075. 2100, 2108, 2110, 
2114, 2118, 2127, 2134, 2160, 2168, 
2235, 2238, 2371, 2387, 2397, 2398, 
2419; arbitrator in contract dispute, 
2150, 2156, 2157, 2232; attempts to 
prevent British carrying away ne 
groes and property, 2397, 2404, 2406, 
2407, 2408 ; requests directions, 2397, 
2406; superintends British embarka 
tion at New York, 2387, 2404, 2406, 
2407, 2408. Letters from, 2157, 2232, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBEII 1-60 



Benson, Egbert Continued. 

2315, 2394, 2397, 2404, 2406, 2407. 
Letters to, 144, 2150, 2166, 2199, 
2387, 2395, 2397. 

Benson, Henry, New York, sea captain, 
1399. 

Benson, Joshua, Capt., Cotton s Massa 
chusetts regiment; Capt. 5th Massa 
chusetts, 27. Letter from, 2015. 

Benson, Robert, Secretary, New York 
committee of safety, 213. 

Bentou, Selah, Capt., 5th Connecticut 
regiment, 2185. 

Berckel, Peter John van, Grand pen 
sionary at Amsterdam; envoy extra 
ordinary from Holland to the United 
States, 2340, 2381-2382. Letter from, 
2453. Letter to, 2452. 

Bergen (New Jersey), loyalist and 
New York militia dance at, 2298. 

Bergen County (New Jersey), 320, 321, 
358, 359, 416, 788, 827,- 1014, 1179, 
1220, 1282-1283, 1413, 1478 ; furnishes 
grain, 1234; headquarters in, 1384; 
magistrates and militia officers, 
1283 ; map of part of, 1604. 

Bergen Neck (New Jersey), 142, 2023, 
2025, 2226. 

Bergen Point (New Jersey), 152, 1224; 
blockhouse, 1520; refugee post on, 
1843. 

Bergen Wood (New Jersey), 1378, 
1379, 1382. 

Berkshire county (Massachusetts), 
110, 683 ; gentlemen volunteers, 1939 ; 
letter to commanding officer of mi 
litia, 1912; militia, 1912, 1914, 1918. 

Bermuda Islands, 785, 2102; applica 
tion for powder to, 14 ; articles of 
capitulation for, 1985 ; passports for 
vessels to go to. 2329, 2339. 

Berrien, John, Hospital storekeeper at 
Danbury, Connecticut, 1733, 1745. 
Letter from. 1745. Letter to, 1732. 

Berry (Barry), Benjamin, Physician 
and surgeon, Letter from, 1584. Let 
ters to, 1585, 1586. 

Berry, Sidney, Asst. deputy quarter 
master-general, Letter from, 1247. 

Bethlehem (Pennsylvania), 423, 428, 
498, 516, 1145, 1152, 1352. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2497 



BETSEY, prize, 57. 

Bettinger, Christian, 512. 

Bettis, Joseph, see Bettys. 

Betts, William M., Maj., asst. deputy 
quartermaster general, 1500, 1507, 
1521, 1528, 1545; conduct approved, 
1538. Letters from, 1339, 1344, 1495, 
1500, 1507, 1518, 1521, 1525, 1528, 
1537, 1543. Letters to, 1500, 1503, 
1523, 1526, 1538. 1546. 

Bettys, Joseph, New York loyalist, 
2072, 2074, 2077, 2091. 

Beverly (Massachusetts), Committee 
of Safety, 54. 

Beville, - , Marechal de camp and 
quartermaster general, French army 
in America, 1847, 1855, 2027, 2113, 
2126, 2151. Letter from, 1810. Let 
ters to, 1819, 2034, 2074. 

Bibby, Thomas, Lt., 24th Foot; deputy 
adjutant general, British army in 
America, 770, 905, 1296. 

Bicker, Henry, Lt. Col., 6th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 270. Letters and 
orders to, 319, 333. Regiment, 319. 

Bicker, Henry, jr., Capt., 4th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1206. 

Bicknel, , Lt., Well s Connecticut 

militia regiment, 1493. 

Biddle, Clement, Col. and Commissary 
general of forage, 523, 565, 856, 
1033, 1262, 1283, 1332, 1394,1510,1532 ; 
accounts, 1331-1332, 1346; appears 
before the New Jersey legislature, 
1262; assistants, 1198, 1332; author 
ity, 566, 1531; delicate position, 
1262; on the forage situation, 1260; 
needs money, 527, 1177; patriotism 
of, 647 ; resignation, 1332, 1334, 1345, 
1346; requests directions, 749, 1395; 
services, 1334, 1345, 1346. Letters 
from, 419, 527, 566, 730, 748, 843. 
858, 1032, 1174, 1177, 1260, 1262, 
1331, 1346, 1394, 1414, 1531. Letters 
to, 424, 508, 563, 707, 891, 1035, 1176, 
1198, 1207, 1308, 1334, 1345, 1347, 
1531. 

Biddle, Edward, Atty. at law, Reading, 
Pennsylvania, Letter from, 75. 

Biddle, Nicholas, Capt., Continental 
frigate "Randolph," 218, 219. 



Bieniewsky, Comte de, see Beuiowszky. 

Big Cat, (The), see Hinquapooshees. 

Bigelow, John, Maj., asst. commissary 
of clothing f, 152, 164, 167; jour 
nal, 152. Letters from, 790, 854. 
Letters to, 784, 870. 

Bigelow, Timothy, Col., 15th Massachu 
setts regiment, 1219, 1423. Letter 
to, 562. 

Biggins Bridge (South Carolina), cav 
alry surprised at, 1325. 

Bigham (Bingham), John, Lt., 5th 
Pennsylvania regiment, 1900. 

Bill, Beriah, Capt., Connecticut mili 
tia. 1137. 

Billetting, 101 ; British, 489, 502. 

Billing, Stephen, Letter from, 1904. 

Billiugsport (New Jersey), 430, 457, 
495, 592, 594; advantages and im 
portance of, 393, 540, 572; British 
at, 428, 429, 431, 449, 451, 458, 460, 
464, 474, 476, 483; defense of, 407; 
destruction of, 659; evacuation, 429, 
432. 

Billington, James, of Stone Arabia, 
Neiv York, 112. 

Bills, William, 553. 

Bills, see Accounts, also Finance. 

Bills of exchange, see Finance. 

Binghani, John, see Bigham. 

Birch, Samuel, Col, llth light dra 
goons; brig, gen., British army in 
America; commandant at New York, 
2202, 2212. Letter from, 2205. Let 
ter to, 2203. 

Bird, Richard, Loyalist, 1194. 

Bird, William, Lt., 4th Continental 
dragoons, Letter from, 397. Letters 
to, 396, 399. 

Birmingham Meeting House (Penn 
sylvania ) , 414. 

Biron, Louis Antoin, Due de, Col., 
French grenadier guards, 1705. 
Letter from, 1836. Letter to, 1704. 

Biscuit, sec Bread. 

Bissel, Daniel, Sergt., 2d Connecticut 
regiment, 2265-2266, 2386. 

Bissell, Hezekiah, Maj. and state com 
missary for Connecticut, 281, 307. 

Bissett, James, Private 71st Foot, 
British army, 292. 



1779 1780 1781 

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2498 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Black, John, Capt., Brewer s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 19. 

Black Smith, Oneida Indian, Letter to, 
2420. 

Blackburn, Samuel, Private, 1st Penn 
sylvania regiment, 598. 

Blacks, see Negroes. 

Blacksmith, tools, 569; work, 1535, 
1747, 2032, 2042. 

Blackstork s (Tiger River, South Car 
olina), engagement at, 1627, 1631, 
1660. 

Blagden (Blackden), Samuel, Lt. Col, 
2d Continental dragoons, 407, 535, 
826, 1048; resignation, 1058, 1091, 
1114. Letters from, 1048, 1084. 
Letters to, 511, 1058, 1059, 1114. 

Blaine, Ephraim, Col., deputy commis 
sary general of purchases; commis 
sary general of purchases, 993, 1028, 
1753 ; accounts, 1754 ; activities, 498, 
990, 1304, 1338, 1754; appointed, 
1026; assistants, 1456, 1753; author 
ity, 1827; disagreeable situation, 
1304; disappointments, 1261, 1304; 
needs money, 1261, 1304, 1525 ; needs 
wagons, 550; orders given to, 1782, 
1828; responsibility for supply fail 
ure, 1407 ; on the supply situation, 
1407; willingness to aid Washing 
ton, 1754 ; conference with Congress, 
1525; visit to camp, 1004; visit to 
Delaware and Maryland, 1827. Let 
ters from, 498, 522, 529, 560. 946, 
986, 1028, 1061, 1304, 1326, 1334, 
1338, 1345, 1407, 1456, 1471, 1474, 
1525, 1602, 1723, 1747, 1753, 1754, 
3756, 1782, 1895, 1957. Letters, or 
ders, and instructions to, 466, 480. 
617, 1226, 1301, 1328. 1345, 1450, 
1472, 1512, 1546, 1619. 1696, 1703, 
1716, 1724, 1956, 1976, 1984. 

Blair, Archibald, Clerk, Virginia Coun 
cil, 285. 

Blair, Susan. (Susan Shippen), wife 
of Rev. Samuel Blair, 1646. Letters 
from, 1633, 1740. Letters to, 1645, 
1715. 

Blake, George, Lt., Fellow s Massachu 
setts regiment, 32. 

Blake, William, Englishman, 2184. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER- _ _ 1-60 



Blanch, Thomas, Capt., New Jersey 
levies, 1376. Letters from, 1375, 
1479. Letter to, 1478. 

Blanchard, Cornelius, 370, 371. 

Bland, Elias, Quaker, 364. 

Bland, Theodorick, Maj., Light dra 
goons, Col.,_lst Continental dragoons, 
378, 614, 64*8, 649, 670, 680, 686, 701, 
721. 847, 861, 865, 867, 871, 929, 981, 
979, 1040; command at Charlottes- 
ville, 927, 985 ; leave of absence, 904 ; 
his letter to Carleton, 2364; man 
agement of Convention troops, 1192; 
needs money, 596, 609, 641, 670, 687, 
721, 864 ; observations, 490 ; plan for 
regulating the cavalry, 509; rank, 
353, 1192; resignation, 462, 463, 
1154, 1239; services, 463, 1192; 
Washington s kindness to, 1192. 
Letters from, 379, 405, 414, 463, 498, 
514, 539, 595, 609, 641, 648, 670, 687, 
721. 829, 844, 858, 860, 864, 867, 883, 
904, 985, 1040, 1126, 1191, 1239. Let 
ters, instructions, and orders to, 
227, 286, 376, 378, 380, 446, 462, 513, 
565, 601, 607, 677, 690, 701, 832, 837, 
852, 861, 864, 868, 870, 877, 880, 927, 
950, 1022, 1062, 1066, 1097, 1108. 
1114, 1120. 1122, 1132, 1154, 1853, 
2364. Regiment, 380, 514, 617, 670, 
687, 690, 705, 794, 797, 829, 832, 838, 
868, 985, 1018, 1021; letter to com 
manding officer of, 579 ; see also Cav 
alry, First Continental dragoons. 

Blandford (Virginia), resistance to 
British at, 1801. 

Blankets, 20, 63, 94, 240, 290, 322, 326, 
350, 360, 375, 410, 459, 477, 479, 805, 
828, 840, 8 54, 902, 931, 938, 945, 960, 
1055, 1130, 1140, 1172, 1196, 1583. 
1602, 1697, 2189, 2249, 2283, 2325. 
2331, 2334, 2335, 2337, 2385; allot 
ment, 900; application for, 288; ap 
portionment, 859; captured, 349; col 
lection of, 423, 435, 440; converted 
into watch coats, 2423; difficulty in 
procuring, 273, 308, 2283; distribu 
tion and issue of, 342, 915, 944, 1013, 
1172, 1634, 1706, 2335; from France, 
290, 896; impress, 228, 424; lost, 
2327; money for, 277; need, lack, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2499 



Blankets Continued, 
want of. 235, 277, 292, 322, 354, 449, 
473, 730. 753, 771, 792, 806, 820, 864, 
887, SSS, 904, 937, 1133, 1545, 1559, 
1654, 1731, 1815, 1938, 1957, 1975, 
2064, 2251, 2255, 2274, 2329 ; returns, 
905, 1645, 1705, 1707; for recruits, 
2086; saved, 2351; seizures, 337, 905, 
983 ; size, 2011, 2015 ; transportation, 
747, 77 5, 786, 982, 

Blast furnaces, 38, 229. 

BLAZING STAR, Schooner, 1522, 1534. 

Bleeker, Leonard, Capt., 3d and 1st 
Neiv York regiments, 966. Letter to, 
2385. 

Blewer, Joseph, Capt., Philadelphia 
militia, Letter from, 444. 

Blight, B., Clerk ?, British Ordnance 
Office, 13. 

Bliss, Theodore, Capt., 15th Conti 
nental infantry, 1808. 

Bliss, Thomas Theodore, Capt., 2d Con 
tinental artillery, 934. 

Blockhouses, 467, 847, 979, 995, 1344, 
1520. 1714, 1731, 1749, 1778, 1830, 
1876. 2101, 2130, 2258, 2280, 2282, 
2366; erection of, 1545, 1834, 2008; 
garrison, 2266; guard for, 2206; 
needed, 1568; repairs, 2291; British, 
1829, 1841. 

Block Island (Massachusetts), 95, 
1412, 1415-1416. 1418, 1914. 

Blocks and falls, 520. 

Blodget, Nathan, 347. 

Blodget, William, Lt. and aide to 
Greene, 154. Letters from, 171, 172. 

BLONDE, British ship of war, 1421. 

Bloodgood, James, 703. 

Bloodgood, William, Ensign, 1st New 
York regiment, 2203. 

Bloomfield, Moses, Hospital surgeon, 
149. Letter from, 1492. 

Blue Bell tavern (New York), 2283. 

Blunderbusses, see Arms. 

Board of Admiralty, see Admiralty, 
Board. 

Board of Treasury, see Treasury 
Board. 

Board of War, see War, Board of, also 
Peters. Richard. 



Boards of officers, 370, 399, 937, 976, 
1011, 1058, 1094, 1915, 2100, 2104, 
2123, 2165, 2170, 2171, 2301, 2340, 
2359, 2380, 2385; finality of deci 
sions, 2115. Letters to, 1094, 2162. 
Board of artillery officers, letter to, 
562, Board of brigade officers, 937. 
Boards of field officers, 396, 1100, 
1104, 1117, 1128. 

Boards of general officers, 391, 400, 484, 
485, 514, 551, 555, 630, 631, 637, 702, 
710, 714, 723, 730, 731, 740, 741, 769, 
907, 975, 1018, 1060, 1063, 1107, 1373, 
1441, 1858, 1860, 1917, 1933, 2302, 
2338, 2411; on Andre s case, 1552, 
1553, 1554; decision protested, 768; 
on Medical department, 1911; opin 
ions, 1034, 2323, 2324 ; on provisions, 
391; proceedings, 397, 1036, 1093, 
1386, 1922, 1923, 2409 ; on rank, 361, 
562, 564, 636; reports, 390, 963, 985, 
1952, 2341, 2349. Letters from, 391, 
564, 963. Letters to, 391, 392, 564, 
630, 636, 730, 734, 969. 1022, 1032, 
1060, 1069, 1071, 1105, 1106, 1107, 
1386, 1919, 1920, 2338 ; see also letter 
to Steuben, Knox, and Hamilton, 
2370. Board of inspection, 1856, 
1857, 2402, 2405; see also Inspection, 
Inspectors, etc., Gates, Horatio, and 
others. 

Boatmen (oarsmen, watermen, etc.), 
837, 1967; complaints, 1521, 2109; 
needed, 1084, 1458, 1471; provisions 
and subsistence, 1528, 1529, 2314, 
2322; raising company of, 2050,2106; 
refusal to go for wood or forage, 
1523 ; salt for, 1524, 1525, 1526, 1529 ; 
for secret service, 1242, 1247 ; to sup 
press trade with enemy, 2322 ; see 
also Bargemen, Batteaumen, also 
Seamen. 

Boats, 135, 142, 156, 159, 181, 213, 257, 
331, 357, 395, 419, 434, 456, 465, 473, 
722, 778, 915, 924, 925, 934, 942, 
1000, 1039, 1046, 1050, 1059, 1063, 
1066, 1116, 1192, 1281, 1302. 1329, 
1388, 1462, 1465, 1489. 1504, 1505, 
1507, 1514, 1517, 1560, 1599, 1601. 
1610. 1618, 1643, 1651, 1654, 1658, 



1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 

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2500 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Boats Continued. 

1663, 1665, 1666, 1676, 16S1. 1733, 
1843, 1875. 1888. 1895, 1897. 1898, 
1934, 1936, 1977, 1978, 2005. 2050, 
2114, 2169, 2181, 2256, 2326, 2330, 
2418, 2426; alarm caused by. 2247, 
2248; apportionment to French and 
Continental armies, 1934; armed, 
see Armed galleys, also Armed ves 
sels; arrangements, 2049; barges, 
1431, 1477, 1501, 1504, 1512. 1518, 
1529, 1540. 1549. 2369, 2406; 

Batteaux, 52, 87, 96, 111, 123, 
126, 129, 130, 206, 441, 784, 821, 
882, 920, 930, 962, 980. 1000, 1443, 
1653, 1661, 1665. 1886, 2042, 2049, 
2422, 2454; building, 13, 98, 100, 
103, 872, 920. 1866, 1871, 1881, 
1884, 1893. 1902. 1906, 1907; col 
lection of, 818, 1542, 1874; in 
structions respecting, 930; laid up 
for winter. 2270 ; movements, 1061, 
2425; needed, 103, 114, 910, 2423; 
position of, 20, 42. 120. 161, 1536; 
repair of, 818, 2420, 2424; report 
on, 2424; supplies for, 142, 1871, 
1876, 1881; 

blunderbusses and swivels for, 1857 ; 
boards for, 1875; builders, 1251, 
1906, 1912; building, 127, 246, 
263, 293, 438, 527, 567, 879, 965, 
1001, 1139, 1713. 1836, 1917, 
2004, 2023; burn a British ship, 
785; called for, 1489, 1544; canoes, 
142, 920; captured, 468; care of, 
1050, 1274, 1315, 1555, 1926, 2004, 
2010, 2050, 2106; carriages for. 1571, 
1599. 2239; to carry the allied armies 
down the Chesapeake, 1943; collec 
tion of, 23, 263, 265, 303, 425, 439, 
447, 675, 695, 1302, 1318. 1542, 1562, 
1616, 1618, 1619, 1641, 1642. 1874, 
1933-1934, 1989, 2004, 2101; con 
dition of, 1571 ; control of, 2164 ; 
crews, 1470, 1517, 1544, see also un 
der Bargemen, Batteaumen, Boat 
men; delay of, 1508; 1903, 1935; 
despatch, 1457; destruction of, 216, 
425, 469, 628; disappearance of, 
1999; British, 1327; flag, 217, 848, 
1212, 1990; flat, 308, 312, 331, 333, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-60 



Boats Continued. 

334, 628, 1030, 1501. 1503, 1506. 1645, 
1970, 2101, 2239; 

gondolas, 114; building, 117, 
132, 138; needed, 94, 109, 114, 123. 
124, 133; supplies, 142; unweildi- 
ness, 147; 

guard, 132, 1142, 1143, 1273, 1275, 
1281, 1302, 1441, 1511, 1638, 1645, 
1711, 1760, 1876, 1887, 1894, 2151, 
2314; handling of, 920; loss, 1250. 
1517; leaky state of, 2213, 2214; 
movements, 541, 567, 719, 1506, 1525, 
1599, 1615, 1617, 1618, 1623, 1661, 
1859, 1860, 1889, 1899, 1925, 1932. 
1934, 1936, 1939, 1968, 2250; need of, 
124, 190, 481, 1028. 1073, 1084. 1066, 
1175, 1485, 1511, 1716, 1864, 1897, 
1898, 1919, 1938, 2162, 2263, 2424; 
oars, see under Oars; oarsmen, 
1967; officer for. 1501: owners, 
1936; pettiaugers, 2050; pilot, 1369; 
plan of, 1643; position of, 5. 44, 
79, 265, 332, 339, 341, 780. 971, 
1271, 1470, 1914, 2032, 2126, 2314, 
2330; preparation of, 158, 546, 575, 
663, 719, 903, 1139, 1343. 1349, 
1412, 1612, 1617, 1853, 1857, 1877, 
2042, 2101, 2422; protection, 682; 
public, to be delivered to quarter 
master general, 2406 ; reconnaissance 
on the Hudson, 2250; repair, 447, 
546, 1049, 1329, 1339, 1351. 1355, 
1389, 1439. 1599, 1749. 1826. 2004, 
2023; returns, 1106. 1714, 1768, 1769, 
2018, 2022, 2122, 2126; robberies by. 
830; row galleys, 2263; sails for. 
1525; scout, 766, 1088; scows, 213, 
332, 344. 481, 1106, 2042; security 
of, 1304, 2101; seizures, 216, 1805; 
shallops, 468, 469; signals, 2207; 
sizes, 1679; supplies for, 105. 1875; 
tar for, 1855; tools, 1036; winter 
storage, 1641. 1642; work on, 2082; 
whale, 3, 108, 327, 887, 1341, 
1478, 1488, 1489, 1525, 1539; Brit 
ish foray to destroy, 1857; crew 
deserts, 1488, 1490 ; fitting out, 4 ; 
as guard boats, 1887; lost, 907; 
measures to obtain, 1341 ; needed, 
105, 154; purchased, 325; rob 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2501 



Boats Continued. 

Long Island, 1166; trade with 
enemy, 1598. 
See also Armed vessels. 

Boats, British, 248, 372, 456, 459, 460, 
671, 761, 1044, 1774, 1829, 1901, 1974, 
2077, 2078, 2224; attempts against, 
1237, 1465 ; batteaux, 441 ; bridge of, 
452, 506; cannon to keep off, 1529; 
captured, 510, 887, 1608, 1716, 2322; 
collection of, 1305, 1785; despatch, 
2262; destroyed, 463; encounters 
with, 8, 2170, 2192 ; flag of truce, 
1545, 1596. 1633, 1652, 2205, 2211, 
2214, 2284, 2352; flat, 640, 675, 746, 
992, 1237. 1285, 1305, 1756, 1806; 
guard, 161, 2192, 2281 ; Hessian, 463 ; 
loyalist, 733, 887, 1485, 1608, 1716, 
2227; reconnoitering, 1928; shallops, 
155; trade and intelligence through, 
1716; whale, 733, 2281. 

Bogert, Michael, New York merchant, 
1634. 

Bogert, Theunis, Asst. deputy quarter 
master?, Letter from, 1691. 

Boileau, Amable, Ensign, 2d Canadian 
regiment, 1591. 

Bois, Pierre Frangois de, Brevet ma 
jor, Continental army, Letter from, 
1011. Letter to, 1140. 

Bolton, John (Secret service alias of 
Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge, q. v.). 

Bombproofs, 457, 708, 1192, 2154. 

Bond, George, Deputy secretary, Con 
tinental Congress, 907, 1690. Drafts 
and copies, by, 1940, 2037. 

Bond, Thomas, Physician and pur 
veyor general, Letter to, 540. 

Bond, William, Col., Massachusetts 
regiment; col., 25th Continental in 
fantry, 47, 81. 

Bond, William, Lt. col., New Jersey 
militia, 982. 

Bond, between officers and contractors, 
2114. 

Bondfield, John, U. 8. commercial 
agent at Bordeaux, Letter from, 
2181. 

Bonds, 2017. 

BONETTA, British sloop of war, recap 
tured, 2022, 2028, 2035, 2055, 2056. 



Bonnel, James, Capt., Spencer s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 1654. 
Letter from, 1651. 

Bonnel, James, Asst. purchasing agent; 
see Monell. 

Boiiumtown (New Jersey), surprise 
of guard at, 916. 

Booker, Samuel, Capt., llth Virginia 
regiment, Letter and memorial from, 
1116, 1140. 

Books, blank record for transcribing 
Washington s correspondence, 1849, 
1855, 1869, 2007; captured (Physi 
cal treatises), 564, 566; regimental, 
514; for Washington, 2393, 2408, 
2419, 2426, 2429. 

Boom, at West Point, 502, 83*8. 

Booth, Benjamin, Loyalist, New York 
merchant, 855. 

Booth, William, 2330. 

Boots, 968; called for, 1545; cavalry, 
552, 568; exchanged for hides, 964; 
needed, 1215; for Washington, 938. 

Borax, 2223. 

Bordentown (New Jersey), 225, 429, 
430, 438, 461, 579, 611, 643, 1592; 
British foray at, 613. 

Bordentown bridge (New Jersey), de 
fense of, 661. 

Bordentown creek (New Jersey), 439. 

Bordentown road (New Jersey). 661, 
662. 

Borre, Preudhomme, Chevalier de, 
Brig. Gen., Continental army, 279, 
295, 302, 385, 394; case of, 294; 
command, 324; commission, 295; 
hangs a tory, 387, 388; inquiry into 
his conduct at Brandywine. 420, 436; 
march of his brigade, 387, 388; res 
ignation, 420, 436. Letters from, 
387, 394, 399, 420, 436. Letters and 
orders to, 295, 324, 328, 388, 400. 

Bosniakeu (Prussian light cavalry), 
483. 

Bosniques, see Bosniaken. 

Boss, George, Capt., Hartley s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 655. 

Boston (Massachusetts), 43, 83, 366, 
427, 459, 485, 519, 565, 566, 575. 584, 
621, 712, 732, 750, 763, 819, 991. 1016, 
1050, 1096, 1145, 1179, 1248, 1320, 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Boston (Massachusetts) Continued. 
1412, 1418, 1448, 1467, 1494, 1572, 1614, 
1674, 1851, 1865, 1912, 1921, 1924, 1930, 
1988, 2121, 2146, 2150, 2180, 2206, 2209, 
2211, 2255, 2283, 2284, 2326, 2334, 
2337, 2346, 2407, 2445, 2460; affray 
between French and American sea 
men, 733, 743, 750; army s march 
and troop movements toward, 780, 
793, 795, 799, 836 ; attacks, attempts, 
etc., on, 15, 16, 29, 72, 73, 75; bom 
bardment of, 81 ; British designs and 
intentions against, 311, 372, 741, 743, 

744, 752, 769, 801, 811, 819, 2234. 
2238, 2239, 2251; British fleet off, 
725, 726, 727, 824, 840, 2223; British 
sail from, 86, 90 ; British sally from, 
44; cannon at, 229, 976; command 
at, 820, 837, 842 ; committee for rais 
ing troops, 2057, 2140, 2198 ; commu 
nication with Providence and North 
river, 1929; conditions in, 56; de 
fense and defenses, 88, 94, 747, 774, 
808, 817, 821; D Estaing at, 755; 
evacuated by British, 77, 80, 81, 82, 
84, 87, 89, 90; expresses sent to, 
1818; express line from King s 
Ferry, 2192; express to Newburgh, 
2309; food scarcity in, 55; fortifica 
tions and batteries at, 2, 44, 96, 
97, 99, 100, 102, 105, 110, 231, 743, 

745, 749, 755, 758, 761, 763, 774, 789, 
804, 807i 815, 819, 821, 824, 837, 2230, 
2238; British fortifications, 2; 
French at, 1444; French fleet at, 
712, 717, 729, 735, 752, 755, 763, 780, 
819, 1615, 1840, 1848, 1855, 1856, 
2163, 2206, 2231, 2233, 2270; French 
fleet sails from, 2306, 2307; French 
oflicers at, 2306 ; French convoy and 
transports at, 1687, 1857, 1865, 1867, 
1878; 

inhabitants, 5, 37, 54; attention 
paid Vandreuil s squadron, 2270; 
and French oflicers, 747, 2301; 
meeting, 2057; 

Lafayette s visit, 718; lighthouse 
burned, 4; mail time from Philadel 
phia, 2125; map of important points 
and rising ground in and near, 75 ; 
militia, 2231, 2233 ; ordnance left by 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Boston (Massachusetts) Continued. 
British in, 92, 112; passports to, 
2372 ; penny ferry burned, 7 ; preser 
vation of the town, 80; prisoners 
escape from, 55; protection of, 771, 
799; quota of troops, 2057, 2140, 
2198 ; recruiting in, 2138, 2142, 2451 ; 
regiments at, 307 ; requests to go to, 
2371; safety of, 807; selectmen, 80, 
81 ; siege of, 2, 8, 72, 78 ; number of 
shot fired into, 80 ; smallpox, danger 
from, 54; stores left by British, 83, 
84, 85, 92 ; volunteers, 708 ; sketch of, 
60 ; winter quarters near, 837. 

Boston harbor, batteries and defenses, 
745, 2230; skirmish with British 
boats, 8. 

Boston Neck, British foray on, 398. 

Bostwick, Andrew, Deputy commissary 
general of forage, 1228, 1237, 1430. 

Botsford, Jabez, Asst. deputy quarter 
master?, Letter to, 2299. 

Boubee, de, Ensign, French navy, 

Letter from, 804. 

Bouchet, see Du Bouchet. 

Boudinot, Elias, Col., Commissary gen 
eral of prisoners; President, Conti 
nental Congress, 282, 306, 588, 590, 
597, 607, 615, 794, 948; appointed 
cartel commissioner, 581; commis 
sion, 292, 591 ; exchange proposi 
tions of, 596; inattention to prison 
ers, 460 ; powers to, 586 ; report, 490 ; 
Washington s confidence in, 590. 
Lettefs from, 590, 593, 600, 602, 615, 
653, 658, 718, 1875. Letters to, 282, 
380, 540, 543, 590, 623, 637, 652.. 

Bougainville, Louis Antoine, Comte de, 
Marechal de camp; capt. and chef 
d escadre French navy, 2148. 

Bouille", Frangois Claude Amour, Mar 
quis de, Lt. gen. and marshal de 
camp; Gov. genl., French Windward 
Island, 1779. Letter to, 2360. 

Bound Brook (New Jersey), 271, 272, 
293, 308, 333, 378. 

Boundary, Canada, 2239, 2459; dis 
putes, 1315, 2090; commissioners, 
2021, 2022; Eastern, 2334; see also 
United States, boundaries. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2503 



Bounty, 155, 162, 207, 233, 234, 238, 
240, 243, 248, 250, 273, 294, 355, 537, 
616, 635, 759, 829, 842, 922, 1025, 
1198, 1203, 1268, 1282, 1284, 1310, 
1382, 1843, 2064, 2159, 2383 ; to Brit 
ish deserters, 2105 ; Continental, 179, 
1230,1288-1289,1320; clothing, 1592; 
effect of, 271; evils, 251, 326, 645; 
expenses, 920; junipers, 266, 1453; 
land, 843, 969, 1789, see also Lands, 
grants ; for militia, 164 ; money, 1158, 
2196 ; New England, 79, 239, 244, 247, 
251; needed, 1249; payment of, 213, 
1783; peculation of, 264; for reen- 
listment, 887, 890, 931; recruiting, 
1308, 1895 ; State, 249, 251, 698, 1320. 

Bourbonnais, sec Army, French, regi 
ment Bourbonnais. 

Bourges (Bourge), Nicholas, Sergeant, 
2212. Letter from, 2183. 

Bourke, Bartholomew, Capt., Pennsyl 
vania Independent company, Letter 
from 319. 

Bowdoin, James, 1350, 1395. Letter 
from, 1349. 

Bowen, Charles, Private, Graham s 
New York regiment, 188. 

Bowen, Ephraim, jr., Capt. and agent 
for fitting out Continental armed ves 
sels; deputy quartermaster general, 
31, 35, 1168; journal, 28. Letters 
from, 30, 32, 35, 36, 44, 203, 1163. 
Letters and instructions to, 27, 29, 
31, 35, 36, 40. 

Bowen, Jabez, Rhode Island commis 
sioner, 1872. 

Bowen, Levi, Ensign, Brewer s Massa 
chusetts regiment, Letter from, 14. 

Bowen, Robert, of Shrewsbury, New 
Jersey, British spy, 1710. 

Bowen, Seth, Capt., Neiv Jersey artil 
lery, 594. 

Bowen, Thomas Bartholomew, Capt., 
9th Pennsylvania regiment, 1019, 
1023. Letter from, 1030. 

Bowers, Daniel, 1042. 

Bowles, Ralph T., Lt., 1st Massachu 
setts regiment, Letter from, 1915. 

Bowman, Abraham, Col., 8th Virginia 
regiment, Letters to, 306, 584. 



Bowman, Charles, Private, Simcoe s 
corps, 1959. 

Bowman, John, of Kentucky, Letter 
from, 1345. 

Bowman, Nathaniel, Capt., 2d New 
Jersey regiment, 1219, 1220, 1221, 
1364, 2262. Letter from, 1904. In 
structions to, 1220. 

Bowman, Phineas, Capt., 5th Massa 
chusetts regiment, 2390. 

Bowman, Thomas, British deserter, 
337. 

Bown (Bowne), Robert, of Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, 676, 933, 947. 

Bowzer, William, Sergt., Pennsylvania 
line, 1666. 

Boyce, Nathan, Capt., Pennsylvania 
navy, 471. 

Boyd, Adam, Lt., 1st North Carolina 
regiment, 371. 

Boyer, James, Clerk?, Commissary gen 
eral of military stores, Letter from, 
2008. 

Boyes, William, Master, British store- 
ship "General de Riedesel," 1633. 

BOYNE, British ship of war, 44. 

Boys, as recruits, 2123, 2143. 

Bozeman, Edward, Capt., Virginia brig 
"Rochester," Letter from, 871. 

Brackenridge, Robert, Lt. and adj., 7th 
Virginia regiment, 2041. 

Bradford, Gamaliel, Col., 14th Massa 
chusetts regiment, Letters from, 503, 
1075. Letters to, 1075, 1078. 

Bradford, James, Adj., Continental ar 
tillery, 2427. 

Bradford, John, claim to authority, 
150 ; controversy, 150 ; Continental 
agent at Boston, 150, 166, 193, 990, 
1038. Letters from, 157, 168, 204. 
Letters and orders to, 162, 1038, 1803. 

Bradford, Robert, Capt., 2d Massachu 
setts regiment, Letter from, 2203. 

Bradford, Samuel K., Capt.-lt., aide to 
Weedon, Letter from, 1971. 

Bradford, William, Capt., Continental 
agent for prizes at Boston?, 123. 

Bradford, William, Maj., Sherburne s 
Additional Continental regiment, 
1406. 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

1065-1213 1383-1658 1879-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2504 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Bradford, William, Lt., Rowlings Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, 294. 

Bradford, William, jr., Lt. Col. and 
Deputy commissary general of mus 
ters; coL, Pennsylvania militia; 
chairman, Pennsylvania navy board, 
Letters from, 436, 438, 573. Letters 
to, 381, 437, 574, 577. 

Bradish, David, Maj., 15th Massachu 
setts regiment, 1101. 

Bradley, Philip Burr, CoL, Connecticut 
State regiment and 5th Connecticut, 
270. Letters from, 150, 152, 277, 280. 
Letters and instructions to, 280, 1216, 
1609. Regiment, 211, 270, 277. 

Bradley, William, Midshipman, British 
navy, 75. 

Bradstreet, John, Col., 60th Foot and 
quartermaster general, British army 
in America, Journal, 889, 893. 

Brady, Samuel, Capt., 8th and 3d Penn 
sylvania regiments, 1380, 1454, 1761 ; 
thanked by Washington, 1574. 

Brahin, Frederick I. S. de, Maj., en 
gineers, Letter from, 2152. 

Braiuerd, Joseph G., Lt., 4th Connecti 
cut regiment, 2259. 

Bramhall, Joshua, Lt., 7th Massachu 
setts regiment, Letter from, 2357. 

Brandy, see Liquor. 

Brandy wine Creek (Pennsylvania), 
633 ; battle of, 414, 417, 4i9 ; British 
loss at, 414; defeat, 419; maneuvers 
after, 425; Sullivan s conduct, 445; 
wounded at, 418. 

Brandywine mills, 460, 463, 1782. 

Brant, Joseph ( Thayendanegea ) , Mo 
hawk Indian chief, 678, 1012; af 
fronted by British, 2043; attack on, 
762, 782 ; capture of, 1051 ; defeated, 
1893; invitation to the Six Nations, 
239; negotiations with Indians, 959, 
1069; goes to Niagara, 882; prepa 
rations against frontier, 742; sends 
out Indian expeditions, 2165- in 
Tryon county, 358. Letter to. 697. 

Brarly, Joseph, Letter from, 222. 

Brashiers. Abraham, .recommended to 
Washington, 1641. 

Brass cannon, see under Artillery. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Bratton, W T illiam, Capt., 7th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, Letter from, 978. 

Braxton, Carter, of Virginia, 1992. 

Bread, 379, 383, 411, 838, 1177, 1183, 
1301, 1326, 1546, 1812, 1880, 1949, 
1993, 2100; baking of, 1513, 1517, 
1526, 1527, 1566, 1777, 1878, 2277; 
British, 881, 906, 2067; biscuit, 599, 
1509, 1517, 1777; sea biscuit, 1151, 
1646; flour equivalent, 1613; 
French, 1893; for French prisoners, 
956; hard, 366, 377, 379, 428, 1512, 
1517, 1523, 1526, 1527, 1874, 
1879, 1884. 2105, 2121, 2277, 2410 ; 
difference in value between hard 
and common, 2135; issues, 1622, 
2067, 2410; magazine, 1236; need, 
scarcity, want of, etc., 5, 439, 489, 
503, 679, 682, 742, 748, 888, 998, 
1007, 1031, 1175, 1185, 1189, 1200, 
1242, 1308, 1419, 1465, 1526, 1527, 
1529, 1802, 1812, 1977, 2009, 2067, 
2105, 2153; price of, 736, 831, 1841; 
prospects of, 1214; quality, 2100; 
ration and substitutes, 949, 1177, 
2019, 2026. 2100, 2113, 2129; suffer 
ing and distress for, 1308, 1949, see 
also under need, want, etc. ; see also 
Bakers, Bakery, Baking. 

Brearley, David, Lt. col., %th; coL, 1st 
New Jersey regiment; chief justice, 
New Jersey, 571, 1387, 1508; opin 
ion, 2152. 

Breck, Robert, Letter from, 110. 

Breeches, 416, 527, 1831, 1853, 2072; 
leather, 544, 552, 568, 1173, 1675. 

Breed s Hill, see Bunker Hill. 

Brent, William, Lt. Col, 1st Virginia 
state regiment, Instructions to, 516. 

Brenton s Neck (Rhode Island), 1355. 

Brest, (France), 786, 1742; battle off, 
759; blockaded, 1467, 1472, 1524; 
French fleets from, 1338, 1373, 1784, 
1824, 1638. 

Brest channel (France), French 
ships in, 1351. 

Bretigny, Marquis de, Letter from, 
894. Letter to, 898. 

Brett, George, Private, 63d Foot, Brit 
ish army, 825. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2505 



Brevets, 1444, 1449, 2003; applications 
for, 2438, 2449 ; promotions, 2437. 

Brewer, Jonathan, Col., Massachusetts 
regiment, 18, 19, 35, 36. 

Brewin, Caleb, see Bruen. 

Brewster, Caleb, Lt., capt.-lt. and capt., 
2d Continental artillery, 706, 837, 
1485, 1610, 2106, 2299, 2307; activi 
ties, encounters, victories, etc., 1465, 
1485, 1599, 1608, 1716, 2293, 2307; 
boat and crew, 1247, 1465, 1471, 1485, 
1489, 1716, 1729; communications 
with Tallrnadge, 2140; delay and 
negligence of, 1134, 1166; meetings 
with Culper, 1111, 1485, 1486, 1558; 
ordered to headquarters, 1409; pass 
for, 1485; prisoners taken by, 1720, 
1728, 1729; report, 1600; sends in 
map of British fort, 1907; visits 
Long Island, 1716. Letters from, 
716, 741, 809, 926, 1465, 1471, 1485, 
1599, 1608, 1716, 1729, 1863, 1907, 
2256. Letters to, 704, 706, 2109, 
2140, 2217. 

Brewster, James, Lt., 2d Continental 
artillery, 1829. 

Brewster, Lott, Maj. and It. col., 3d 
North Carolina regiment, 399, 575. 
Letter to, 574. 

Brewster, Peter, Lt., Pennsylvania 
navy, 471. 

Brewton Hill (Savannah, Georgia), 
battle of, 890. 891; Howe s conduct 
at, 1951, 1954, 1962. 2055. 

Briar Creek (Georgia), British victory 
at, 957. 

Bribery, British attempts, 1391. 

Bricker, Robert, Commissary of mus 
ters in Hampshire and Berkshire 
counties, Massachusetts, 69. 

Brickett, James, Lt. col., Frye s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 32. 

Brickmakers, 1481, 1526. 

Bricks, 700, 1521. 

Bridges, 764, 1363; boat or pontoon, 
452, 640; British, 303, 469; British 
pontoon, 5<06 ; building, 412, 508, 520, 
999, 2446 ; at Danbury, 752 ; destruc 
tion or removal of, 416, 668, 669, 
1967 ; materials for, 1349, 1886 ; pon- 



Bridges Continued, 
toons preparation, 334 ; over Schuyl- 
kill, 471; at Valley Forge, 508. 

Bridles, 273, 1531, 1850; for Washing 
ton, 1103, 1445. 

Brigade-majors, 514, 656, 1073, 1284, 
1708; appointments, 288, 1069; 
duties, 1283; needed, 696; pay, 295; 
brigade-major s department union 
with inspectors and mustermasters 
department, 1283. 

Brigades, 401, 648, 697, 753, 851, 1056, 
2459; arrangement, 228, 307, 2459; 
armorers, 2223; bakers, 1758; boards 
of officers, 937; called for, 624; col 
onels commanding, 2027; command 
ant needed, 1708; commanding of 
ficers, 1903; letters to commanding 
officers, 577, 1231; conductors, see 
Conductors ; courts-martial, 1105, 
2233; discipline, 1280; formation 
plan, 1090; forced march of the 
French, 1885; inspectors, see In 
spectors; Jersey, 1708, 1709, 1888; 
list, 88; march, 1188, 1236; of 
ficers, 291, 343, 937, 1279, 2080; of 
ficers meeting, 2081, 2120; Pennsyl 
vania, 1892; quartermaster, see 
Quartermasters; returns, 1892, 1893, 
1895 ; second, address of officers, 136. 

Brigadier generals, 80, 627, 1708, 1709, 
1984, 2198, 2120, 2206; appointments, 
2207; conduct, 80; exchange of, 611, 
1590; Hessian, 1590; list of, 515, 
2036; militia, 369; needed, 304, 608, 
609, 1735, 2148; promotions, 79, 85; 
rank, 562, 564, 1386 ; reentry into the 
line, 1721, 1723, 1725. Letter to, 369, 
577. Letter from, 517. 

Brisbane, Edward, of New York, Let 
ters from, 1120, 1137, 1148. 

Bristol (Pennsylvania), 218, 265, 293. 

Bristol (Rhode Island), 611; burned by 
British, 628. 

" Britannicus," American spy. Letter 
from, 44. 

British legion, see Cathcart s legion. 

Britons, title of, 2158. 

Britton, , 173. 

Broadcloth, see Cloth. 

Broadswords, see Swords. 



1779 

Pages 

894-1065 

1065-1213 



1780 

Pages 
1213-1382 
1383-1658 



1781 1782 1783 

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1658-1879 2014-2160 2312-2412 

1879-2014 2160-2312 2412-2460 



56214 VOL 4 15- 



2506 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Brodhead, Daniel (Delaware name: 
Machingwe Geeshooch or Maghingua 
Keesoch, the Great Moon), Col. 8th 
and 1st Pennsylvania regiments, 411, 
537, 911, 927, 945, 949, 962, 963, 971, 
972, 978, 979, 993, 994, 1031, 1050, 
1123, 1158, 1241, 1278, 1293, 1328, 
1380, 1448, 1627. 1671, 1688, 1689, 
1720, 1721, 1739, 1761, 1875, 1876, 
1921; leave of absence, 1274, 1315, 
1733, 1739, 1789; apology, 1955; ar 
rests Gibson, 1943; assistance to 
Clark s Detroit expedition. 1739, 
1837, 1932, 1933; case of, 1932; 
charges against, 1797, 1813, 1814, 
1858, 1921, 1926, 1932, 1955; circular 
causes confusion, 1958; command at 
Fort Pitt, 934, 1921, 1926, 1932, 1933. 
1936, 1942, 1943, 1955; command of 
the Western department, 965, 1024; 
conduct of, 1797; controversy with 
Pittsburg inhabitants, 1921 ; coopera 
tion with Sullivan s Indian expedi 
tion, 983, 1000; court-martial, 1857, 
1942, 1943; given a Delaware name, 
971; difficulty with Trumbull, 335, 
dispute with Gibson, 1936, 1958 ; ef 
forts with Indians, 978; efforts to 
obtain beef and flour, 1574; efforts 
to obtain information, 1002 ; enemies, 
1678 ; on the frontier situation, 942 ; 
gifts to Indians, 1736 ; harmony with 
Mclntosh, 920 ; on chances of Indian 
war, 1465, 1747; inability to oppose 
enemy, 1535; Indian aid to, 1496, 
1574; 

Indian expeditions of, 1005, 
1157, 1159, 1187, 1471, 1565; 
against Cooshocking towns, 1761 ; 
Le Beuf, 965; Mingoes, 1075, 
1076; Muncy, 1133, 1178; Shawa- 
noes, 1315; Wyandot villages, 
1411, 1507; 

Indian message to, 1014; Indian 
speeches to, 971, 1003, 1026, 1030 ; is 
sues powder and lead to militia, 
1999; letter to Indian chief, 1003: 
misunderstanding with Col. Henry, 
1736; needs artillery, 951; needs 
clothing, 1689; needs goods, 1690; 
needs money, 965, 978. 1689; needs 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Brodhead, Daniel Continued. 

provisions, 965, 1465. 1471, 1507, 
1535, 1567, 1739, 1747; observations, 
512; obtains information of the In 
dian country, 965 ; evades giving 
opinion, 1001; officers quarrel with. 
1797, 1926, 1932; reenforcement, 
1278; requests appointment of his 
son, 965; requests directions, 1926; 
returns made by, 1933; speeches to 
Indians, 964, 970; speeches burned 
by Indians, 994, 1036; success 
against the Indians, 1157, 1159. Let 
ters from, 320, 512, 946, 951, 965, 978, 
1002, 1005, 1036, 1050, 1133, 1178 ; 
1250, 1278, 1315, 1328, 1348, 1380, 
1411, 1465, 1471, 1507, 1529, 1535, 
1574, 1631. 1689, 1733, 1747, 1761, 
1789, 1926, 1930, 1935, 1943, 1955. 
Letters and instructions to, 315, 221, 
903, 920, 934, 942, 952, 959, 971, 973, 
983, 992, 993, 995. 998, 1000, 1001, 
1010, 1024, 1031, 1035, 1037, 1059, 
1076, 1157, 1187, 1214, 1274, 1280, 
1292, 1298, 1345, 1352, 1357, 1361, 
1385, 1407, 1420, 1454, 1455, 1496, 
1528, 1556, 1564, 1565, 1567, 1653, 
1672, 1678, 1736, 1739, 1787, 1799, 
1813, 1857, 1926, 1929, 1942. Regi 
ment, 320, 321, 965, 1631, see also 
Pennsylvania troops, 8th regiment. 

Brodhead, Daniel, jr., Lt. and Capt., 3d 
Pennsylvania regiment, 965. 1100. 
Letter to, 1739. 

Broeck, Abraham, 734. 

Brogden (Brogdon), John, Adj., Nich 
olson s New York militia; 1st New 
York regiment, 177. Letter from, 
86. 

Broglie, Victor Claude, Prince de, 
Hestre de camp, Col., regiment 
Saintonge, French army, 2262; in 
troduced to Washington, 2107. 

Broglie, Victor Frangois, Due de, 
Marechal de France, Letters from, 
286, 2107. Letter to, 2016. 

Bromfield, Henry. 13. Letter from, 
169. Letter to, 132. 

Bronson, Isaac, Surgeons 1 mate, 2d 
Continental dragoons, memorial, 
2409. Letter from, 2410. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2507 



Bronx River (New York), 693, 694. 

Brooke, Richard, Brig.-majJ, to Small- 
icood, 419. 

Brookfield (Massachusetts), 395. 

Brookline (Massachusetts), 90. 

Brookline Church (Long Island), 2164. 

Brooklyn (Long Island), 1155, 1447; 
attack on New York by way of, 
1658; British fortifications at, 1119, 
1120, 1142, 1402, 1451, 1453, 1482, 
1496, 1531, 1556, 1580, 2312; grand 
fort at, 1402; British regiments at, 
1402; sketches of British fortifica 
tions at, 1599, 1806, 1811, 2033; re 
tained by British, 2452. 

Brooks, Benjamin, C apt. -commandant, 
3d Maryland regiment, Letter to, 
707. 

Brooks, David, Maj., and Asst. clothier 
general, 1545, 2105, 2278, 2282, 2323, 
2412; certificate of service of, 2450, 
2451; ration allowance, 2071. Let 
ters from, 1020, 1479, 1628, 1830, 
2072, 2105, 2202, 2325, 2334, 2351, 
2353, 2423, 2450. Letters to, 1046, 
1125, 1135, 1481, 1597, 2071, 2221, 
2320, 2326, 2335, 2422. 

Brooks, John, Lt. Col., 8th and 7th 
Massachusetts regiments; deputy 
adjutant general, 402, 1251, 2209; 
answers to queries on Huddy case, 
2086; appointed subinspector, 582; 
claim to promotion, 633, 635; per 
sonal matters, 1504 ; refuses to re 
ceive unfit beef, 2357. Letters from, 
581, 633, 635, 2153, 2357. Letters 
to, 269, 582, 1504, 2357. 

Broughton, Nicholson (Nicholas, Nich- 
olasson), Capt., Continental Army, 
and Commander of the " Hannah," 

13, 26, 28, 30, 59 ; captures the Unity, 

14, 15; instructions for cruise, 13; 
report of his cruise, 14. Letters and 
orders from, 14, 15, 37, 39. Letters 
and instructions to, 26, 28, 30, 36. 

Brower, , Private, Continental 

army, 888, 894, 907, 913. 
Brown, Adam, British deserter, 842, 

849. 
Brown, Andrew, Captain, 413. Letter 

from, 630. 



Brown, Benjamin, Asst. to quarter 
master general, Letter from, 1075. 
Letter to, 1185. 

Brown, Daniel, Private, 2d Maryland f 
regiment, 391, 393, 394. 

Brown, Daniel, Sergt., 5th Connecticut 
regiment, 2380, 2386. 

Brown, John, of Netv York, Letter 
from, 11. 

Brown, John, Lt. Col., Continental 
Army, Elm ore s Connecticut regi 
ment; Col., Neiv York levies, 100, 
101, 246; surrenders at Chamblee, 
29. Letter from, 382. 

Brown, John. Secy., board of admi 
ralty, Continental Congress, Letter 
to, 1749. 

Brown, John, Merchant of Providence, 
Rhode Island, 997, 1389, 1399. Let 
ters from, 38, 46, 1705. 

Brown, Joseph, of Providence, Rhode 
Island, 1389, 1399. Letter from, 
1301. 

Brown, Josiah, Lt., 3d New Hamp 
shire regiment, Letter from, 17. 

Brown, Moses, of Providence, Rhode 
Island, 1389, 1399. 

Brown, Nathan, Capt., Mansfield s 
Massachusetts regiment, 60. 

Brown, Nathaniel, Sergeant, Sher- 
burne s Additional Continental regi 
ment, 804, 807. 

Brown, Nicholas, of Providence, Rhode 
Island, 1302, 1389, 1399. Letter 
from, 1301. 

Brown, Richard, Lt. and quartermas 
ter, 2d New Hampshire regiment, 
18. 

Brown, Stephen, Physician, Arnold s 
Quebec expedition, 96. 

Brown, William, Asst. Surgeon, Flying 
Camp; Surgeon general, Hospital 
Middle Department; Physician and 
Director General of Hospital, Mid 
dle department, 148, 1309, 1347, 1383; 
resignation, 1426. Letters from, 277, 
1309, 1347, 1384, 1426. Letter to, 
1314. 

Brown, William, Capt., Pennsylvania 
marines, 471. 



1779 1780 1781 

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Brown, William, jr., Capt., 1st Conti 
nental artillery, Letter from, 15^7. 

Brown, William, jr., Asst. to Jno. 
Campbell, Clerk to asst. deputy 
quartermaster general, Letter from, 
1547. 

Brown, , Capt., British spy?, 1568. 

Browne, Montfort, Gov., Bahama 
Islands; Brig. Gen., British Provin 
cial troops, 192, 388. 

Browne, Richard, Lt., 21st Foot, Brit 
ish army, killed. 651, 652, 654, 655, 
660, 662. 669, 673, 677; funeral, 657, 
659 ; investigation of death, 654, 656, 
657, 660. 

Browne, William, Private, 16th Conti 
nental Infantry, 279. 

Browne, Windsor, Capt., 1st Virginia 
state regiment, 921. 

Brownlee, William, Lt., Gist s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 1134. 

Brownson, Gideon, Maj., Warner s Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, 1390, 
1997. Letter from, 1997. 

Bruce, William, Physician, British 
hospital at 8t. Kitts, Letters to, 1127, 
1148. 

Bruen (Brewin), Caleb, 2335, 2339. 

Bruen. Jeremiah, Maj., Baldwin s Ar 
tillery artificer regiment, inability to 
erect gallery, 1310. Letters from, 
1310, 1776, 1789. Letter to, 1789. 
Regiment. 1776. 

Bruhl, Comte de, of Saxony, Letter 
from, 2432. 

Bruin, Peter Bryan, Maj., 7th Vir 
ginia regiment; aide to Sullivan, 
1091. 1093. Drafts and copies by, 
932. 

Brunswick (New Jersey), 213, 638, 
669, 1303, 1314. 1317, 1320, 1322, 
1347: attacks on. 308. 317. 1322, 
1323; British at. movements, etc.. 
223, 272. 308. 314. 317, 332. 338, 342, 
348, 1347. 

Brunswick landing (New Jersey), 
1936. 

Brunswick troops, see under German 
allied troops. 

Brush, Nathaniel, Lt. Col., New Hamp 
shire militia, Letter from, 368. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUART-.TCXE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Brush, , Major, Connecticut f mili 
tia f, 1721. 

Brussels (Belgium), proposed Con 
gress at, 2148. 

Bryant, John, Lt., Knox s artillery, 
144. 

Bryant, Randolph, 1167. 

Bryant, Seth, Ensign, 23d Continental 
Infantry, 154. 

Bryce, John. Capt.-lt., Jrfh Continental 
Artillery, Letter to, 571. 

Bryson, James, Asst. deputy quarter 
master general. Fort Mclntosh, 1052. 

" B. S.," American spy, 2269, 2283. 

Buchanan, John. Capt., asst. deputy 
quartermaster, 989. Letter from. 
1640. Letter to, 1643. 

Buchanan, William, Commissary Gen 
eral of Purchases, 2GO, 392. Letters 
from, 400. 401. 468, 565. Letters to, 
460, 508, 542, 562. 

Buck Island (Buckhorn? Island, Ni 
agara river). 947. 1026. 1057. 

Bucks county (Pennsylvania). 393, 
424, 525, 548, 549, 571, 575; militia, 
430, 883. 

Buck s Tavern (Pennsylvania), 498. 

Buckets (Pails), 246, 513. 

Buckner, Mordecai, Col.. 6th Virginia 
regiment, 102. Letter from, 241. 
Letter to, 241. 

Buckshot, 79, 294. 

Buckskins, 527. 

Budden, James, Philadelphia mer 
chant, Letter from, 1376. 

Buel, Nathaniel, Lt. Col.. BurralVs 
Connecticut regiment, 101. 

Buell, Benjamin. Gunsmith, Hebron, 
Connecticut. Letters from, 1439, 

Bueren, I,. V., 644. 

Buffalo meat, 1999. 

Buford, Abraham, Col., llth Virginia 
regiment, 1324, 1518, 1629; defeated, 
1362. Letters from, 1324, 1630. 

Building, the Public ; see Public build 
ing. 

Buildings, 90, 1365, 1695, 1835, 2018, 
2129. 2167, 2291. 2430; material and 
construction work. 1175. 1230, 1474, 
1479, 2271. 2309, 2330. 

Buill, Marquis de. 1701. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2509 



Buise, Peter, Private, Haslett s Dela 
ware regiment, 200. 

Bulkley, Edward, Capt., 3d Connecti 
cut regiment, 1890. 

Bull, Caleb, jr., Merchant, Hartford, 
Connecticut. Letters from, 1439, 
1483. Letter to, 1464. 

Bull, Epaphras, Capt., 2<1, maj., 1st 
and 4th Continental dragoons, 1084, 
1264, 1307, 1311, 1754. Letters from, 
715, 716, 717, 719, 720, 738. Letters 
and orders to, 1706, 1770. 

Bull, Henry, Adj., Connecticut State 
regiment, 2114. 

Bull, James, Deputy clothier general, 
1651. Letters to, 1311. 1354. 

Bull, Nathaniel, Lt. Col, BurralVs 
Connecticut regiment, 153. 

Bull s Ferry (Hudson River, New Jer 
sey), attempt against, 1325, 1339, 
1340, 1409, 1410, 1416; blockhouse 
at, 1344 ; engagement at, 1413 ; 
killed and wounded at, 1415; maga 
zine at, 1759. 

Bullets, 61, 138. 

Bullis, John Jo, Letter to, 1510. 

Bullitt, Thomas, Lt. Col. and Adj. gen., 
Southern Department, 102. Letters 
from, 138, 181. 

Bullock, Archibald, Gov., South Caro 
lina, Letter to, 183. 

Bullocks, see Cattle. 

Bundy, Peter, Private, B reiver s Mas 
sachusetts regiment, 27. 

Bunker, John J., Indian interpreter, 
128. 

Bunker Hill (Massachusetts), 43; 
American loss at, 22; British loss, 
1 ; British reenforcement, 5 ; Brit 
ish work at, 17. 

Bunnel, , American spy, 1367. 

Bunner, Rudolph, Lt. coL, 3d Penn 
sylvania regiment, 601. 

Burbank (Burbeck), William, Lt. Col, 
Knox s artillery, 91, 94, 120. Letter 
from, 91. 

Burbeck, Edward, Capt., Knox s artil 
lery, 99, 137, 161, 175. 

Burchardt (Burkhardt), Daniel, Maj., 
German regiment, Letter from, 949. 
Letter to, 925. 



Burge, Jonathan. Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, loyalist, 2103. 

Burgess, Vaschel, Lt., 1st Maryland 
regiment, Letter to, 1111. 

Burgh, H. V. D., Capt. Continental 
army, Letter from, 2455. 

Burgin, Elizabeth, Letter from, 1186. 

Burgoyne, John, Lt. Gen., British 
army, 126. 195, 378, 435, 485, 487, 
499, 500, 501, 520, 533, 537, 544, 559, 
593, 1781 ; accounts of the Convention 
troops, 581, 588, 596, 609, 616; ad 
vance from the north, 149, 376, 393; 
alternatives, 429 ; appoints officer for 
interview with Americans, 373; ar 
rives in England, 633; on change of 
embarkation place of the Convention 
troops, 483, 485 ; charges and com 
plaints, 522, 523, 524; cooperation 
with Howe, 371 ; correspondence, 229, 
530; defeated, 439, 440, 441; depar 
ture, 606; despatches for, 465; de 
tachments, 377 ; disappointed, 500 ; 
encumbrances, 377; exchange, 997, 
1418, 1544, 1501, 1713, 1719, 1743-1744, 
1748, 1788, 1809, 1832, 1837. 1860, 
1916, 1935, 1940, 1941, 1942, 2034; 
feeling over resolve of Congress, 542; 
expresses to Howe, 366, 376, 378; 
Howe s letter to. 382; instructions 
to Baum. 392, 396, 401; letters from 
Congress, 151, 152; money from, 599; 
object of, 160 ; opposition to, 362, 381, 
394 ; plans, 378 ; policy, 374 ; procla 
mation, 362; recalled to America, 
1788, 1795, 1808, 1838 ; refusal to fur 
nish names of Convention prisoners, 
487 ; attempted relief of, 555 ; retreat 
of, 435; at Saratoga, 399; surrender 
of, 438,- 440, 441. 443, 445, 447, 
452, 455 ; uneasiness of, 506 ; visit to 
seaport towns, 488 ; wagon train, 377 ; 
Washington s letter to, 593; Wash 
ington s sympathy for, 571. Letters 
from, 396, 485, 522, 524, 593. Letters 
to, 148, 372, 432, 499, 501, 518, 530, 
571. See also Convention troops. 

Burgundy, see Wine. 

Burk, John, Loyalist of Smithfleld, 
Pennsylvania, 595, 598. 

Burke, Bartholomew, Letter to, 265. 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Burke, Edmund, Private, 3d yew York 
regiment, 1909, 1912. 

Burke, John, of Antigua, 1535. 

Burke, Thomas. North Carolina dele 
gate, Continental Congress; chair 
man medical committee; Governor 
of North Carolina, 1306, 1965, 2008. 
Letter to. 1305. 

Burke, William. Capt., Continental 
armed vessel "Warren," 66, 78, 204. 

Burlington (New Jersey), 220, 225, 482, 
509, 613, 1291, 1292. 1300, 1377, 
1388, 1996, 2058, 2179, 2235. 

Burlington county (New Jersey), 525. 

Burn, David, Deserter from Browne s 
rangers, 336. 

Burnam, John, Capt., 8th Massachu 
setts regiment. Letter from, 2203, 
2356. 

Burnet, William, Physician and sur 
geon general, Eastern department; 
hospital physician and chief physi 
cian and hospital surgeon; New Jer 
sey delegate, Continental Congress, 
1033. Letter from. 1302. 

Burnet s Field (near German Flats, 
New York), 908. 

Burnett, Robert, Maj., aide to Greene, 
Letter to, 1369. 

Burnley, Garland, Capt., Virginia Con 
vention guards, 979. 

Burr, Aaron, Lt. Col., Malcom s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 372. 
697; resignation, 940, 965. Letters 
from, 372, 418, 940, 965. Letters to, 
352, 538, 700, 814, 652. Regiment. 
652. 

Burr, Ephraim, Capt., 21st Continental 
Infantry and 2d Massachusetts, 150, 
156. Letter from, 159. 

Burr, George, Justice of the peace, 
Fairfield, Connecticut, Letter from, 
1839. 

Burrall, Charles, Col., Connecticut 
State troops, 101. Regiment, 245. 

Burrall, Jonathan, Asst. paymaster 
general and paymaster general, 931. 
Letters and instructions to, 703, 920. 

Burrell. . 594. 

Burrowes, Eden, Lt., 1st New Jersey 
regiment, Letter to, 975. 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY DECEMBER 1 bO 



Burrowes, John, Capt., Formaris Addi 
tional Continental regiment; maj., 
Spencer s Additional Continental 
regiment, 748, 1326. Letters from, 
825, 913, 956, 964, 1005, 1316. Let 
ters and instructions to, 1314, 1317, 
1327. 

Burt, Daniel, of Warwick, New York, 
1770. Letter from, 1776. 

Burtis, William, Loyalist, Westchester 
county, New York, case of, 1458, 
1459, 1462, 1505, 1525; death sen 
tence of, 1584 ; reprieved, 1542. 

Burton, Judah, Asst. commissary of 
forage, 1430. 

Burton, Robert, of St. Kitts, Letters to, 
1120, 1137. 1148. 

Bush, Moses, Captain, Letter to, 1139. 

Bush, , Major, 498. 

Bushnell, David, Capt.-lt., and capt., 
Sappers and Miners, 1344, 2382, 2427. 
2434. Letters from. 1344, 1644, 2368. 

Buskirk, Abraham Van, Lt. col., 3d 
battalion, New Jersey volunteers, 
British provincial troops, corps of, 
988, 1172; attempt on, 1244, 1245, 
1251 ; mutinies, 1176. 

Butler. Anthony, Quartermaster agent 
for camp equipage. Letter from, 569. 

Butler, John, of Halifax, Letter to, 30. 

Butler, John, Lt. col. commandant, 
Butler s rangers, British provincial 
troops; Supt., Indian department, 
123, 958, 963, 1019 : address to Tryon 
county inhabitants, 395 ; advance 
against Fort Stanwix and German 
Flats, 160; cooperation with Rogers, 
1040 ; invitation to Six Nations, 239 ; 
movements, 1025 ; raids Mohawk val 
ley, 1320. Rangers, 2133. 

Butler, Joseph, Capt., J t th Continental 
Infantry, 156. 

Butler, Lord, 1091. 

Butler, Richard, Lt. Col., 8th, col., 9th 
and 5th Pennsylvania regiments, 998, 
1228, 1662, 1663, 1665, 2051, 2069, 
2170, 2200, 2215, 2252; compensated 
for loss of money, 1115. 1116; ex 
ploits, 767, 768, 769, 770, 772 ; efforts 
in Pennsylvania mutiny, 1663 ; forag 
ing expedition, 1542, 1545; march to 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2511 



Butler, Richard Continued. 

Cishacoquillas valley, 2226; merit 
of, 2393 ; recommended to Washing 
ton, 2061; reconnaissance, 768; trial 
of, 1127. Letters from, 767, 998., 
1086, 1115, 1222, 1230, 1621, 1664, 
2051, 2069, 2135, 2172, 2226, 2292, 
2379. Letters and instructions to, 
331, 1057, 1059, 1095, 1123, 1217, 
1228, 1233, 2050, 2058, 2085, 2142, 
2180, 2242, 2306, 2393. 

Butler, Thomas, Chief armorer, Letter 
to, 442. 

Butler, Walter, Maj., It. col., British 
provincial troops, 180, 397, 399, 678, 

742, 882, 1051, 1253 ; stand at Canada 
Creek, 1987 ; death, 1995. 

Butler, William, Lt. col., 4th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 270, 688, 719, 721, 729, 

743, 795, 796, 1018, 2051, 2060, 2220; 
ability, 703; leave of absence, 841; 
controversy over command, 2200; 
destroys Unadilla and Oquaga, 801; 
efforts to reach Cherry Valley, 849; 
Indian expedition, 834; journal of 
march to Unadilla and Oquaga, 795 ; 
ordered to headquarters, 954; or 
dered to Wawarsing, 687 ; seizes cat 
tle, 722 ; troops under, 713 ; Unadilla 
expedition, 762, 771, 795, 801. Let 
ters from, 721, 758, 771, 795, 849, 
1013, 2200, 2252. Letters to, 687, 
714, 734, 798, 841, 846, 954. Regi 
ment, 723, 734, 798. 

Butler, William, Lt. col., 38th Foot, 
British army, interview with Lee, 
879, 880, 888, 889. Letters to, 879, 
888. 

Butler, Zebulon, Col., 3d, 2d, 4th and 
1st Connecticut regiments, 367, 900, 
958, 1290, 1631, 1637, 1731, 2100, 
2137 ; absence, 1731, 1820, 2362, 2365 ; 
answers to queries respecting the 
Indian country, 1350; march to 
Wyoming, 1731; opinion in Huddy 
case, 2087; pursues enemy, 1637; 
rank dispute, 342; reenforcements, 
900, 953. Letters from, 330, 719, 900, 
953, 1297, 1330, 1350, 1637, 1731, 1819, 
1822, 2362. Letters to, 341, 928, 958, 



Butler, Zebulon Continued. 

962, 1301, 1654, 1791, 2296, 2365. 
Regiment, 330, 1654, 1637, 1731. 

Butler, for Washington, 1376, 1408. 

Butter, 187, 191, 192, 1544. 

Butterfleld, Isaac, Maj., New Hamp 
shire Rangers, 121, 163. 

Butternuts (Cherry Valley, New 
York), 831. 

Buttons, 2021. 

Butts Hill (Rhode Island), fortifica 
tions, 1445, 1474, 1503, 1519, 1585; 
see also Quaker Hill. 

Buyers, John, Lt. col., Maryland bat 
talion, German regiment, 1325, 1327. 
Letters from, 1334, 1335, 1338. 

Byles, Thomas Langhorne, Maj., 3d 
Pennsylvania regiment, 1100, 1310. 
Letter from, 1221. 

Byrn, John, Capt., Thruston s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, intro 
duced to Washington, 334. 

Byron, John, Vice adml., British navy, 
741 ; at Newport, 749 ; at New York, 
746, 748; encounter with the 
French fleet, 855; goes to Halifax, 
779; sails, 1055; squadron or fleet 
of, 731; arrives at New York, 722, 
724, 729, 731, 862 ; arrives at Rhode 
Island, 789; damaged, 852, 862, 863; 
demonstration off Boston, 840; posi 
tion of, 854 ; sickness and scurvy in, 
755, 764, 775, 776, 777, 779, 780, 
783, 784. 



0. 



Cabal against Washington, 520; see 

also under Conway. 
Cabell, Samuel Jordan, Maj., 10th, 8th 

and 14th Virginia regiments; It. 

col., 4th Virginia, 792, 1280. Letters 

to, 1022, 1094, 1118. 
Cable, J., Loyalist, Letter from, 188. 
Cables, 335, 746, 997, 1389. 
CABOT, Continental armed brig, 288. 
Cadieux (Cayeu, Cayen, Guadieu), 

Pierre, Volunteer, 2d Canadian 

regiment, 1587, 1592, 1683. Letter 

from, 1682. 



1779 1780 1781 

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Cadiroqui (Oataraqui), Onondaga 
name of Frontenac, see Frontenac. 

Cadiz (Spain), 2302. 

Cadmus, Abraham, New Jersey loyal 
ist, 2131, 2145. 

Cadwalader, John, Col., and Brig. 
Gen., Pennsylvania militia, 424, 425, 
605, 662; cannon for, 475; declines 
brigadiership, 267, 268, 875, 1559; 
movements in Trenton campaign, 
225; opinions and observations, 493, 
516, 653, 1852; plan of attack on 
Philadelphia, 490; his Pennsylvania 
citizenship, 572; Reed on, 478; 
shoots Conway, 678; Washington s 
friendship, 1559; Washington re 
quests his assistance, 406, 578, 1943. 
Letters from, 220, 225, 226, 228, 410, 
493, 572, 605, 653, 875, 1852. Let 
ters and orders to, 218, 220, 226, 
264, 406, 578, 1559, 1943. 

Cadwalader, Lambert, Col., 4th Penn 
sylvania regiment, 728. Letters 
from, 273, 780. Letters to, 727, 861. 

Cadwalader, - - (Mrs.), 1189. 

Cagigal, Juan Manuel de, Lt. gen., 
Spanish army, Letter from, 2394. 

Calbeck, Philip, Commander in chief, 
St. Johns, West Indies, Letters from, 
58, 59. 

Calbiac, Baron de, Letters from, 152, 
158. Letter to, 152. 

Calderwood, James, Capt., Independent 
Pennsylvania company, 267. 

Caldwell, James, Chaplain, New Jer 
sey brigade; asst. quartermaster 
general, 222, 1219, 1263, 1313; cloth 
ing proposal, 1891 ; report on forage, 
788; requests passports, 1335; re 
quests troops, 1384 ; on the situation, 
1313. Letters from, 523, 692, 764, 
787, 1229, 1241, 1263, 1313, 1335, 
1384, 1699, 1888. Letters to, 647, 
704, 712, 1167, 1219, 1230, 1234, 1242, 
1709. 

Caldwell, Robert, Capt., Atlee s Penn 
sylvania militia, Letter from, 1739. 

Caldwell, Samuel, Deputy clothier gen 
eral, Continental army, 493. 

Caledonian Volunteers, see Cathcart s 
legion. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Callender, Thomas, Former private, 
1st Carolina regiment, Letter to, 
1167. 
Calmes, Marquis, Capt., 2d Virginia 

regiment, 938. 
Calumny, 1572. 
Camber, Anne Sarah, 1615. 
Cambray, see Du Cambray. 
Cambridge, John, Sergt., Sherburne s 
Additional Continental regiment, 
1260, 1261; petition from, 1257. 
Cambridge (Massachusetts), shot and 
shell in, 112, 313, 498, 499, 655, 922; 
army marches from, 88; buildings 
for army at, 90; Convention troops 
march to, 536 ; hospital, 898. 
Camden (South Carolina), 

Battle of, 2446; British elation 
over, 1531 ; Cornwallis account of, 
1457; Gates defeat, 1496, 1512, 
1514, 1515, 1516, 1523, 1524, 1562; 
losses, American, 1490, 1492, -1532 ; 
losses, British, 1457, 1490, 1492. 
British evacuate, 1828, 1860; cap 
ture prevented, 188; Greene s march 
against, 1796; Greene before, 1820. 
See also Hobkirk s Hill. 
Cameron, Alexander, New York printer, 

1068. 

Cameron, Charles, British barrack- 
master, Letter from, 1234. 

Cameron, , Sergt., British army, 

581. 

Camp, Caleb, of Morristown, 222. 
Camp, 643, 682, 685, 975, 994, 1328, 
1434, 1450, 1575, 1622, 1656, 1772, 
1858, 2154; amusements, 1652; Brit 
ish, 1863, 2158, 2254, 2312; British 
spies in, 1309; cattle, etc., forwarded 
to, 1304, 1315, 1324; near Dey s, 
1382; entrenched, 428; 

equipage, 330, 569, 1030, 1271, 1435, 
1752, 2042, 2135, 2184; captured 
from British, 523; estimates, 1785 ; 
lack of, 1870; returns, 569; for 
Washington, 774; 

expresses to Rhode Island, 1443: 
flour removed to, 1401; forage re 
moved to, 1240; at Fredericksburg, 
861; French, 1734, 1892, 1893; grain 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2513 



Camp Continued. 

shipped to, 1242; horses coming to, 
1327, 1488, 1902 ; issues at, 992 ; ket 
tles, see Kettles; Luzerne s visit to, 
1252, 1297, 1306, 1307, 1323, 1854; 
market in, 607; at Medford, 86; 
officers needed at, 1458; at Passaic 
Falls, 1656; permits to leave, 514; 
Pickering s presence at, 1500, 1513, 
1514, 1531, 1545, 2306; plan of, 514; 
Rayneval s visit to, 990, 991 ; re 
cruits marched to, 1727, 2077; road 
from Paramus, 1614; security of, 
1894; site, 690, 694, 781, 1190, 1192, 
1195, 1336, 1382, 1862, 2214, 2245; 
smuggling in, 607; starvation at, 
1514; state of, 907; stock in, 1909; 
stores at, 1197; teams, 1434, 1448, 
14S8, 2243; troops forwarding to, 
1649, 2244; utensils, 86, 1000. 
Camp fever, see Disease. 
Campaigns, 2297 ; winter, 495, 496 ; 

of 1777: finished, 491; opening 
of, 293; plan, 346; preparations, 
243, 269, 293; sick and wounded, 
599; supplies and camp equipage, 
569; British plan, 234, 293; 
ruined, 489; 

of J778: 515, 518, 680; arrange 
ments, 515, 540 ; camp equipage, 
569; opinions on, 515; prepara 
tions, 507, 508, 510, 512, 513, 522, 
578, 579, 610 ; prospects, 497 : sup 
plies, 569; opinions on winter 
campaign of 1778-79, 493, 494, 495, 
496, 497 ; 

of 1779: artillery for, 1038; de 
fensive, 1035; general directions, 
1121; objects of, 879; plan, 1029; 
preparations, 891, 934; supplies, 
1127. British expense, 807; plan, 
994; 

of 1780: 1382; army s position, 
1217; camp equipage for, 1271; 
conference on, 1232; Congress 
measures, 1339 ; eventless, 1505 ; 
expense, 1249; force necessary 
for, 1249. 1271; formation of 
army, 1276, 1320; opinions on 
plan, 1397, 1447; plan alterations, 
1488; preparations, 1432; recruit- 



Campaigns Continued. 

ing, 1145; supplies, 1270. British 
plan, 1140; 

of 1781: 1679, 1862; boats for, 
1658; contingent arrangements, 
1916; dependent on Cornwallis 
movements, 1915; exertions to 
ward, 1660; inactivity of, 1564; 
Lafayette s desires regarding, 
1843; location, 1794; object of, 
1859; offensive, 1657; ox teams 
and drivers for, 1767; plan, 1510, 
1529, 1646, 1657, 1773, 1876, 1898; 
plans changed, 1876, 1926, 1941; 
preparations, 1852; supplies and 
stores for, 1634, 1665, 1821, 1831, 
1863; tents, 1658, 1811; trans 
ferred to the South, 1923; 

of 1782: 2011, 2026; activity of, 
2169, 2258 ; aid from France, 2017 ; 
artificers needed, 2033; arrange 
ments, 2169; conference on, 2046; 
Congress efforts, 2005; coopera 
tion, 1981; need of exertion in, 
2156; estimates for, 2161, 2173; 
flour for, 2161 ; forage consump 
tion, 2034, 2113, 2116, 2149, 2150, 
2171; general oflicers for, 2062; 
inactivity in South, 2121; kettle 
allowance, 2360; location, 2102; 
lumber for, 2114, 2118; naval su 
periority in, 1981 ; officers bag 
gage wagons, 2038; opinions on, 
2014, 2073, 2077; ox teams for, 
2032, 2035, 2155; plan, 2086, 2106, 
2124; preparations, 2019, 2190; 
southern, 2011 ; supplies, 2114 ; 
tents, 2032-2033. 2338; uncer 
tainty as to, 2095, 2157, 2166; 
various enterprises of, 2102; wag 
oners, 2155; 

of 1783: 2328, 2357; plan, 2360. 

Campbell, Archibald, Lt. col,, 71st 

Foot, British army; brig. gen. in 

America, 340, 547, 572; complaint, 

246; Congress intentions toward, 

276; exchange, 603; proclamation, 

897 ; treatment of, 253, 262, 263, 275, 

325, 623. Letters from, 246, 253. 

Letters to, 189, 263, 603. 

Campbell, Arthur, Letter from, 1979. 



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Campbell, Donald, Col. and, deputy 
quartermaster general, Northern De 
partment, 100, 101. 252, 1573, 1576, 
1581; courtmartial, 151, 206. Letters 
from, 4, 59, 61. 

Campbell, Donald, Capt., U,th Foot, 
British army, Letters from, 941 k 957, 
968. Letters to, 957, 1010. 

Campbell, Duncan, Officer, British 
army, Letters from, 103, 112. Let 
ters to, 108. 

Campbell, James, Justice of the peace, 
Essex county, New Jersey, 1243. 

Campbell, John, Maj., asst. deputy 
quartermaster general, 1548, 2080. 
Letters from, 303, 1495, 1535, 1536, 
1543. Letters to, 1509, 1533, 1540. 

Campbell, John, Lt. col. and col., 51th 
Foot, British army ; major gen. and 
It. gen. in America, 979; exchange 
commissioner, 2204, 2229; powers, 
2232, 2234, 2243, 2244. Letter from, 
2243. Letter to, 2244. 

Campbell, John, Lt., 2d New York 
artillery, 2305. 

Campbell, John, 2439, 2440, 2455. 

Campbell, Michael, 697. 

Campbell, Patrick, Capt., list Foot, 
British army, 1256. Letter from, 
1194. Letter to, 1204. 

Campbell, Richard, Capt., 8th, maj., 
and It. col. 13th and 9th Virginia 
regiments, 643, 1554. Letters from, 
377, 1276. Letters and instructions 
to, 389, 625. 

Campbell, Robert, Lt., 2d Canadian 
regiment; Capt., Invalids, 497, 1137, 
1141. Letter from, 1136. Letter to, 
1138. 

Campbell, Robert, Lt., list Foot, 
British army, 2346, 2350. 

Campbell, William, Col. and ~brig. gen., 
Virginia militia, 1740. 

Campbell, William, Lt., 24th Foot; 
asst. deputy quartermaster general, 
British army in America, 768, 770, 
840, 885, 896, 1627. 

Camus, - - de, Ensign, French navy, 
1770-1771, 1967. 

Canaan, Conquest of see Conquest of 
Canaan. 

1775 

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Canada, 42, 77, 79, 357, 706, 844, 889, 
1158, 1180, 1423, 1556, 1591, 1592, 
1682, 1792, 1810, 1885, 1997, 2002, 
2012, 2102, 2376, 2415, 2419; aban 
doned, 103, 123, 133 ; Allen s visit to, 
1591; 

Army, Continental in, 16, 32, 61, 
62, 63, 64, 65, 68, 74, 75, 77, 84, 96, 
97, 99, 100, 103, 104, 106, 112,123, 
127, 128, 129, 974; ammunition 
for, 32, 75, 152; conduct, 64, 68, 
89; discontent, etc., 58, 59, 60; 
pay 24; position, 101, 119, 127; 
pursued, 129; reenforcements, 19, 
48, 52, 53, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 
68, 70, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 97, 
102, 103, 104, 126 ; retreat, 102, 111, 
112, 124, 125, 129, 130, 131, 132, 
133, 135; rifle companies, 20, 23; 
sick in, 124, 133; spirits of, 68; 
state of, 129, 133; strength, 19, 
42, 48, 51, 55, 75, 81, 89, 96, 103, 
121, 124, 133; strength needed, 
459 ; troops returning from, 45, 48, 
51; 

Army, British in, 9, 19, 25, 30, 31, 
121, 126, 203, 341, 344, 700, 862, 
974, 1559, 1700, 2259, 2379; ad 
vance from, 143, 234, 261 279, 348, 
355, 369, 1069, 1454, 1826, 1844, 
1909, 2091; fortifications in, 862, 
893, 1885, 2459; Hessian troops in, 
1885, 1907, 2225; messenger to 
New York, 379; position, 517,833, 
862, 865, 873, 901, 912, 1053, 1400, 
1494, 1839, 2099; posts in, 2067, 
2099; pursues American troops, 
129; reenforcements, 102, 103, 
133, 331, 977, 1344, 2237; reen 
forcements for Indian country 
from, 1104; regiments in, 1884- 
1885; strength, 124, 188, 459, 517, 
756, 833, 836, 862, 865, 873, 894, 
901, 1357, 1400, 1406, 1839, 2091, 
2099, 2237, 2311; troops raised in, 
1040; 

artillery in, 75, 77, 96, 102, 126; 
boundaries, 2239, 2459 ; to be ceded 
to France, 745 ; civil matters in, 19 ; 
clergy s attitude, 89, 873, 1884, 2067, 
2099; command in, 20, 45, 71, 83, 

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2515 



Canada Continued. 

131; confusion in, 106, 109; Con 
gress committee to go to, 29 ; Con 
gress resolves sent to, 126 ; danger 
from, 2125, 2251; debts contracted 
in, 123; defeats and reverses in, 
68, 150, 108; defense of, 71, 2093; 
despatches and papers, 154; 
Estaing s manifesto distributed 
in, 974; 

Expeditions against, 10, 11, 12, 19, 
33, 39, 42, 44, 48, 51, 53, 61, 62, 75, 
96, 105, 106, 127, 459, 536, 538, 541, 
550, 631, 733, 755, 772, 781, 784, 
818, 821, 822, 833, 836, 858, 863, 
879, 880, 901, 909, 910, 935, 991, 
1133, 1180, 1268, 1494, 1496, 1513, 
1841, 2067, 2078, 2175; advance 
into, 19, 20, 23, 34, 36, 87, 162, 
872; clothing, 836, 852; coopera 
tive, 933, 1543; expense, 101, 933; 
failure, 570 ; French, 1907 ; French 
fleet s cooperation in, 933; in 
structions for, 17, 72, 74, 538; 
plan, 836, 872; postponed, 866, 
876, 890, 895; preparations, 756, 
879, 882, 933, 943; supplies and 
provisions, 34, 836; vessels for, 
13, 15; see also under Arnold, 
Bayley, Jacob, Gates, Hazen, La 
fayette, Montgomery; 
American families sent in from, 1576, 
1582; Canadian families distress, 
1807 ; flag of truce sent to, 2260 ; har 
mony in, 23, 133 ; importance of, 77 ; 
Indians in, 9, 121, 158, 862, 873, 
970, 974, 977, 1021, 1700 ; altitude of, 
2067 ; chiefs, 1003 ; employment of, 
125, 833 ; French King s speech to, 
942; letter to, 1021; 

inhabitants, 5, 12, 93, 901, 1180; 
addresses to, 14, 19, 22; aid from, 
17; British attempt to force to 
arms, 9; British proclamation of 
pardon to, 18; character of, 127; 
council at Chamblee, 9 ; enlistment, 
976, 1144; fear lack of support 
from United States, 1700; feeling 
and friendship towards America, 3, 
5, 6, 8, 15, 17, 21, 23, 30, 31, 46, 
68, 88, 89, 119, 127, 132, 322, 706, 



Canada Continued. 

833, 836, 862, 873, 938, 974, 1400, 
1884, 2067, 2099 ; feeling roused by 
team impress, 912; French, 833, 
1021, 1180; inquiries in, 1003; let 
ter to, 1021 ; offer to furnish men 
and supplies, 1493; petition for 
expedition, 1493, 1496; situation 
of American sympathizers, 118; 
spirit of, 2093 ; 

intelligence, information, reports, 
etc., from, 5, 67, 91, 92, 129, 166, 
234, 345, 517, 734, 803, 833, 836, 845, 
849, 862, 865, 873, 875, 889, 894, 901, 
935, 944, 951, 974, 990, 1003, 1012, 
1025, 1028, 1053, 1064, 1071, 1088, 
1105, 1231, 1253, 1298, 1333, 1479, 
1494, 1504, 1513, 1607, 1612, 1700, 
1750, 1862. 1884, 1902, 1909, 1992, 
2004, 2099. 2187, 2239, 2241, 2252; 
limits of, 2459 ; loss of, 108 ; loyalists 
expected from, 2135; measures 
adopted, 62 ; mills in, 2093 ; misman 
agement in, 89; money matters, 20, 
99, 114, 129, 1225; navy, British, 
fleet gone to, 1402; British vessels 
in, 2460 ; negroes from, 2294 ; nobles 
attitude, 2099; 

officers, American, 63, 70, 128, 
1491, 2006; conduct of, 146, 151; 
expense of, 101 ; 

officers, British, command in, 
873; officers permitted to go to, 
698, 710, 768, 2400, 2406; 
officers, Canadian, 1935, 1941; Con 
vention officers permitted to go to, 
703, 711, 712, 903, 1066, 1069, 1120, 
1126, 1132; German officer permitted 
to go to, 2412; news of peace sent 
to, 2371, 2379; plan for subduing, 
814, 2021, possession of, 118, 2263; 
prices in, 1841. 1885; 

Prisoners in. 154, 160, 1179, 1490, 
1491, 1535, 2000, 2000-2001, 2187, 
2325; sent from 186, 1180, 1544, 
2230, 2269, 2300, 2312; status 
and history, 1586; taken to, 1573: 
see also under Prisoners; 
proclamations to, 1336, 1354; Que 
bec expedition, 17; refugees, pro 
visions for. 1475, 1603, 1861, 2187, 



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Canada Continued. 

2292, 2325, 2326, 2344, 2348, 2351, 
2432, 2460; report on, 1700; reten 
tion of, 89 ; roads, routes, and passes 
into, 47, 80, 86, 93, 97, 129, 131, 132, 
733, 784, 806, 858, 872, 933, 938, 1053, 
2067, 2078, 2093, 2312, 2459; scouts 
into, 11, 173, 1917; British scouting 
party from, 1958; situation, condi 
tions, etc., in, 3, 17, 24, 38, 59, 64, 65, 
66, 68, 70, 74, 75, 78, 88, 89, 102, 103, 
104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 111, 115, 118, 
119, 120, 124, 126, 127, 131, 459, 862, 
872, 873, 895, 1400, 1700; spies sent 
to, 806, 833, 1354; British spies sent 
to, 583, 951 ; British spies sent from, 
2126; supplies and provisions, 34, 
42, 75, 81, 92, 93, 96, 99, 101, 102, 
104, 106, 107, 108, 111, 113, 114, 121, 
122, 123, 124, 126, 131, 137, 733, 836, 
852, 863, 866, 882, 1493, 2067; 

troops (soldiers), 47; independ 
ent company, 120; British provin 
cial, 1700, 2099; loyalists, 1885, 
1918; transportation, 1700, 2067; 
Vermont s activity and correspond 
ence with, 1607, 1844, 1878, 1891, 
1909, 2133; volunteers excluded 
from rations, 2184. See also under 
Quebec. 

Canada creek (New York), 1987. 
Canadian refugees, see Refugees. 
Canadian regiments, officers, 1935, 
2418; First, 539, 1692; arms, 1477; 
formation of, 45, 1649 ; officers, 1317, 
1634, 1730; officers memorial, 1541; 
return of, 1477, 1639; States to 
which men- belong, 1639 ; see also 
Livingston, James. Second, 536, 
1960 ; arrangement, 2014, 2308, 2352, 
2412; blankets, 2334; clothing and 
supplies, 1185, 1187; furlough privi 
leges, 2328; German recruits, 2348; 
history of its services, 1187; move 
ments, 943, 1852, 1925, 2409; muster 
delay, 2284; 

officers, 1964; charges against 
Edwards, 2328; distressed situa 
tion of Maryland officers in, 1532, 
1534; memorial, 2318, 2323, 2325; 
pay, 1815; promotions, 1989, 2406, 

1775 
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Canadian regiments Continued. 

2407, 2413 ; rank in, 400 ; the Reid 
embroglio, 1744, 1745, 1771, 1964- 
1965, 2075, 2309, 2318, 2328, 2330, 
2336, 2365, 2391, 2396, 2397, 2402, 
2409; recruiting, 229, 231; reduc 
tion of, 2345; representation of, 
1185; 

returns, 1595; supplies, 2116; vacan 
cies, 1607; volunteers, 1805. Letters 
from, 1744, 1964, 2074, 2402 ; see also 
letter from Antill, and others, 2390, 
and from Hazen, Satterlee, etc.. 
2391. Letter to, 1532. For Second 
Canadian regiment, see also under 
Hazen, Antill, and Taylor, John. 

Canal, from Hudson to Harl ern rivers, 
1009; from North to East rivers, 
2052, 2311. 

Candles, 1684, 1928, 2078-2079, 2396, 
2398. 

Candlesticks, for headquarters, 921, 
922. 

Cane, , Major, British army?, Let 
ter to, 22. 

Canfield, Isaac. Col.. Connecticut 
levies, regiment, 1526. 

Canfield, John, Lt. col., Connecticut 
militia, 1457. 

Canfield, Samuel, Lt. col., Connecticut 
militia, 2094, 2212. Letters from, 
2112, 2114, 2210, 2224, 2236. Letters 
and orders to, 1458, 2110, 2112, 2218, 
2227, 2235, 2288. Regiment, 1458, 
1459, 1460, 1527, 2114. 

Canoes, see Boats. 

Cannon, see Artillery. 

Canonicut (Rhode Island), retaliatory 
expedition against, 398. 

Canteens, 238, 246, 987, 2032. 

Cantonment, 694, 1264 ; of British and 
Hessian regiments, 2030; of British 
and Hessian prisoners, 2013; sec 
also Winter quarters. 

Canvas, 274, 1440. 

Cape Ann (Massachusetts). 8, 10, 94. 

Cape Charles (Virginia), see Virginia 
capes. 

Cape Cod (Massachusetts), 52, 56, 855. 

Cape Fear (North Carolina), 1735, 
1760. 

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INDEX 



2517 



Cape Fear River (North Carolina), 
103, 1737. 

Cape Finistere (France), naval en 
gagement off, 1260. 

Cape Francois (San Domingo), 1986. 

Cape Henlopen (Delaware), see Dela 
ware capes. 

Cape Henry (Virginia), sec Virginia 
capes. 

Cape May (New Jersey), see Dela 
ware capes. 

Cape May county (New Jersey), 1222. 

Cape Sable ( Nova Scotia ) , 2271. 

Capellen de Pol, John Dirck, Baron 
Van der, Member, House of Nobles, 
province of Overyssel, Holland, 2340. 
2355, 2381-2382. Letter from, 2278. 
Letter to, 2421. 

Capitaine, Pierre, Capt., aide to Lafay 
ette, 1348. Letter from, 774. Letter 
to, 795. 

Capital punishment, .s-rr Punishments. 

Caps, see Hats. 

Captain Johnny, Shawanoe Indian 
chief, 1925. 

Captain-lieutenants, 720. 973, 1689. 
1694. 

Captain Pipe (Hopocan), Delaware In 
dian chief, 912, 915, 916, 1026, 1407. 

Captains, 234, 723, 942, 1009, 1030, 1034, 
1320, 1452, 1722, 1728, 2081, 2082, 
2085, 2359, 2403; appointment, 238, 
arrangement, 1058, 2018, 2044, 2081, 
2082, 2085 ; of British merchant ves 
sels, 463; French, 164; horses, 453; 
letter to, 1023; memorials, 1009, 
1042; of merchant vessels, 2157, see 
also Masters ; promotions. 1030 ; 
rank, 723, 961, 962, 1034, 1722, 1728, 
2012, 2359. 

Captures, 410, 1124, 1154, 1358, 1464; 
British, 1920. 2065; of citizens. 
1390 ; Congress resolves on, 524, 525 ; 
forfeitures, 559; Indian, 1297, 1298; 
militia, 1719; payment for, 2116; 
raiding parties, 526; restoration, 
2363; teams, 2363; wine, 990; see 
also under Prizes. 

Carbery (Carberry), Henry. Capt. -It., 
llth Pennsylvania regiment, 1040, 
2413, 2420. 



Carbines, 523, 615, 616. 

Carew, James, Adj., Jackson s ad 
ditional Continental regiment, Let 
ter from, 736. 

Carey, Jonathan, see Gary. 

Cargoes, 430, 518, 558, 569, 984, 1997, 
2375; captured, 609; disposition of 
captured, 579, 591, 641; division of, 
535, 536; purchase right, 536; sales 
of, 534, 536 ; seizure, 2456. 

Carleton, Christopher, Ma;., 29th Foot, 
British Army, agreement with Allen, 
1583; captures Ft. George, 1565. 
Letters from, 1582, 1583, 1599. Let 
ters to, 1584, 1593. 

Carleton, Sir Guy, Maj. Gen. and gov 
ernor of Quebec; It. gen. and com 
mander in chief, British Army in 
America, 3, 11, 44, 45, 119, 162, 198, 
246, 292, 2051, 2090, 2091, 2097, 2098, 
2103, 2104, 2105, 2109, 2110, 2115, 
2122-2123, 2137, 2144, 2149, 2179, 2182, 
2183, 2186, 2191, 2197, 2200, 2233, 
2234, 2246, 2247, 2261, 2285, 2291, 
2297, 2343, 2359, 2364, 2387, 2424, 
2426, 2452 ; actions of, 2169 ; aide to, 
2199, 2215; aids in capturing forg 
ers, 2419; appointed to command 
British forces in America, 2109; 
appointed on peace commission, 
2109; appoints exchange commis 
sioners, 2229; arrives at New York, 
2107; assurances to inhabitants, 
177; attempt on Ticonderoga, 309; 
attitude of, 171; chance of captur 
ing, 2286; complains of Standing 
Stone massacre, 2364; conciliatory 
instructions, 2124 ; conciliatory 
powers, 2130; conference with civil 
power, 2165; conference with Wash 
ington, 2377, 2380, 2386. 2389; cor 
respondence, 229, 2170, 2293; cor 
respondence with Livingston, 2104, 
2194; correspondence with Mc- 
Dougall, 2214; despatches, 2111, 
2112, 2196, 2369; disclaims respon 
sibility for Indian outrages, 2213; 
disaster to, 151; efforts to protect 
loyalists, 2144 ; efforts to raise men, 
12; escape, 48; on evacuation of 
New York, 2389, 2429; expects ap- 



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Carleton, Sir Guy Continued, 
pointiuent as ambassador to the 
United States, 2443 ; 011 Huddy case, 
2104, 2109, 2194, 2218, 2296; hu 
manity, 2109, 2115; intentions, 107, 
158, 2125, 2151 ; to leave New York, 
2274 ; letter transmitted to Congress, 
2185; lodgings, 2287-2288; move 
ments, 202 ; objects to people crowd 
ing into New York, 2383, 2384; 
Luzerne s despatches to, 2272, 2276; 
opinion as to negroes being carried 
away by British, 2389; orders, 164, 
175, 322, 912, 2232, 2297, 2372, 2389 ; 
paroles American soldiers, 2131 ; 
pays for Chastellux s wine, 2329, 
2357; policy, 2297; powers to ex 
change commissioners, 2234, 2244; 
sends prisoners from Canada, 186; 
proclamation, 18; proposes ex 
change terms, 2165; his propo 
sitions submitted to Congress, 
2179; refuses to receive communica 
tions from rebellious subjects, 164; 
remonstrance to, 2404, 2406; repre 
sentation to, 2407, 2408; requests 
appointment of an American com 
missioner to see to fulfillment of 
articles of Provisional treaty, 2377; 
requests appointment of commis 
sioners to superintend British em 
barkation at New York, 2387, 2389; 
requests information from Washing 
ton, 2165; retreat, 162, 202; to re 
turn to England, 2269; returns citi 
zens to their homes, 2122-2123, 2126 ; 
returns captured dragoons, 2288; 
Rochambeau s letters to, 2174, 2262 ; 
sails from America, 2454; severity, 
162 ; surprise at New Jersey 
measures, 2213 ; suspends hostilities, 
2224, 2229, 2242; his treatment of 
Ethan Allen, 57; on treaty infrac 
tions, 2405. Letters from, 2109, 
2144, 2152, 2177, 2181, 2182, 2185, 
2194, 2204, 2213, 2229, 2261, 2279, 
2295, 2296, 2297, 2359, 2364, 2368, 
2369, 2371, 2380, 2389, 2400, 2405, 
2438, 2449, 2450, 2452, 2453, 
2454. Letters to, 2111, 2115, 2122, 
2126, 2142, 2154, 2163, 2165, 2179, 

1775 

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Carleton, Sir Guy Continued. 
2185, 2191, 2196, 2198, 2218, 2224. 
2231, 2246, 2270, 2276, 2282, 2291, 
2293, 2295, 2306, 2312, 2341, 2342, 
2350, 2360, 2368, 2369, 2377, 2387, 
2394, 2399, 2404, 2407, 2449, 2450. 
2453, 2454. 

Carleton, Osgood, Lt., Invalid regi 
ment, Letter from, 1326. 

Carleton Island (Lake Ontario). Unit 
ed States right to, 2388. 

Carlisle, Frederick Howard, Earl of, 
British peace commissioner to the 
United States, Lafayette s challenge, 
774, 805. 811, 824. Letter to, 743. 

Carlisle, John, Capt., 2d Canadian regi 
ment; asst. adjutant general, 2359, 
2515. Letter from, 1534. Letters 
to, 1532, 2385. 

Carlisle (Pennsylvania), 251, 281, 964, 
1348, 1633, 1768, 2051, 2060. 2061, 
2069, 2160, 2200. 2202, 2215. 2252, 
2316, 2353, 2363. 

Carmichael (Carmicall), Alexander. 
of Morristown, 222. 

Carnes, John, Grocer, South Boston, 5. 

Carnes, Patrick, Lt. and Capt., Pulas- 
ki s legion, 1797 ; case of, 1312, 1314 ; 
complaint against, 870, 1293, 1304; 
his handling of a difficulty, 1484. 

Carolina, North, 573, 641; advantage 
from Greene s movements, 1869; 
British in, 1381, 1671, 1765. 1897, 1977 : 
British attempt to raise negro regi 
ments in, 1740, 1765; cavalry in, 
614 ; Greene and Cornwallis in, 1741 ; 
inhabitants, Cornwallis proclama 
tion to, 1725; exiled inhabitants to 
be transported home by the British, 
2177 ; protection of inhabitants, 1381 : 
invasion plan, 1809 ; loyalists in, 83. 
85, 1740, 1765 ; legislature votes money 
and land to Greene. 2213 ; merchants. 
1978; military situation in, 1502: 
partizan warfare in, 1765; situation 
in, 1016, 2366; specific supplies in. 
1637; strength of Continental force 
in, 1381; troops sent to, 1369, 1897, 
1982-1983 ; 

troops, 281. 613, 1308; arms and 
accouterments for, 1982; arrange- 

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INDEX 



2519 



Carolina, North Continued. 

ment, 923, 929; brigade, 519, 647, 
1090; the eighteen months men, 
2247; enlistments, 942, 1295, 2080; 
gathering, 1502; health, 963; line, 
923; 

militia, action of, 1285 ; behavior 
at Guilford, 1751; calling out of, 
1950-1951, 1965; destroy Cherokee 
towns, 1740; fails to aid Greene, 
1740; Greene s lack of confidence 
in, 1747; position, 1993; retreat, 
1703; 

movements, 612, 1185, 1186, 2193 ; 
officers, 647, 519 ; promotions, 399 ; 
recruits and recruiting, 456, 519, 
591, 1764, 2193 ; reenforces Lincoln, 
1267; 

regiments, 519, 577. First, 923, 
929, 982, 1186; see also Clark, 
Thomas. Second, 320, 929, 942, 
1186; see also Martin, Alexander. 
Third, 963 ; see also Davidson, Wil 
liam ; Hogun, James. Sixteenth, 
612. 

reorganization, 519; shoes, 770; 
strength, 320. 

Carolina, South, 765, 914, 1185, 1186, 
1239, 1296, 1297, 1302, 2093; agents 
to recover property from the British, 
2395 ; armies in, compared, 1288 ; ar 
tillery regiment, 1615; battles, skir 
mishes and minor successes in, 991, 
1652, 1712, 1795, 4796, 1904, 1915, 
2024, sec also under places where 
fought ; 

British in, 1175, 1698, 1712, 1846, 
1995, 2002; activity, 2120; aid to, 
2082; attempts to arouse Indians 
and embody the tories, 2002 ; burn 
and ravage, 1991, 1995; despatch 
vessels sent to, 1327; evacuation 
of, 2063, 2121, 2297; expeditions, 
205, 206, 789, 810, 1025, 1233, 1297, 
1305, 1314, 2013, 2026; fleet arrives, 
1268; forage destroyed in, 2055; 
movements, 1865, 1717, 1958, 1987, 
2093; position in, 1175, 1294, 1796, 
1916; posts in, 1906; reenforce- 
ments, 1309; severity toward in- 



Carolina, South Continued. 

habitants, 1496, 1571; situation 
in, 1914; strength in, 1175, 1357, 
1796, 1904, 1918; 

claim against, 2427; clothing from, 
2172; condition of affairs in, 898, 
1175, 1288. 1753, 1755, 1759, 1834, 
2082, 2366 ; cooperation with Georgia, 
190 ; Cornwallis in, 1373 ; Cornwallis 
and Morgan in, 1738; civil govern 
ment established, 1897, 2303; dele 
gates to Congress, 1981; express 
chain to, 1994; feeling against Con 
gress, 990, 1981, 2358; French not 
sent into, 2076; frontier, 1233; 
Greene in, 1860, 1697, 1740, 1763, 
1782, 1796, 1892; 

inhabitants, aid British desert 
ers, 1383 ; called to defend Charles 
ton, 1266; exiled and returned to 
homes by the British, 2122-2123, 
2126, 2163, 2177, 2218, 2296, 2301; 
lethargy of, 1252 ; severely treated 
by British, 1496, 1560, 1571, 1694; 
intelligence news, etc., from, 1271, 
1501, 1523, 1658, 1889, 1892; 

legislature 1175, 2358, 2422; 
refuses to raise negro regiments, 
2055; rejects impost act, 2422; 
votes land and money to Greene, 
2213; 

loyalists, 83, 816, 1865, 1897, 2002, 
2216 ; maneuvers in, 1717, 1897, 1906, 
2247; negro regiments, 2055, 2145, 
2169; politics, 1992, 2121; poverty 
of, 1796; prisoners, 1368, 1811, 1868, 
2002; prisoners, British, 1918; prop 
erty seized, 1266; recovery from the 
British, 1492; rice from, 933; sup 
plies, 898; topography of the coun 
try, 1796; 

troops, dismissed, 2303; line, 
2076; militia, 1175, 1897; militia 
fail to aid, 1712, 1717, 1865 ; militia 
gallantry, 1904 ; militia supports 
Charleston, 1267; militia useless, 
1740; officers, 1391, 1615; recruit 
ing in, 2193 ; reenforcements, 2024 ; 
regiments weakness, 456. 
CAROLINA PACKET, American sloop, 
1610. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Carolinas (the), 1144, 1304, 1798; as 
a base of operations, 1268; British 
embarkation for, 1102, 1200; British 
reenforcement for, 2095; cavalry or 
dered to, 1063; French ships of the 
line sail for, 1337; importance of, 
1029; negro regiments, 2055, 2145, 
2169; news from, 1030, 1065, 1071; 
reenforcements for. 1070, 2033; 
troops, 334, 794, 1098. 1158; troops 
in, 181, 883. 898; troops leave, 2024, 
2025; troops ordered to, 1033, 1292; 
troops retreat, 1362; troops temper, 
2082; Washington s going to, 1306. 
1307. See also Carolina, North; 
Carolina, South. 

Carpenter, John, Capt., Hampshire 
county, Massachusetts militia guard 
ing Springfield laboratory, 1081. 
Letter from, 1079. 

Carpenter, Neheniiah, Quartermaster 
and ensign, 5th and 2d Neiv York; 
It.. 2d New York regiment, 116. 

Carpenter s Island (Delaware River), 
452, 453, 456. 

Carpenters, 132, 133, 134. 807. 1103, 
1230, 1881 ; needed, 144, 2252 ; rations 
for, 1646, 1654 ; refuse to work with 
out rum, 1881; ship, 177, 178, 1392, 
1642 ; tools, 569, 817. 

Carriages, 331, 408; boat, see Boats; 
for Convention troops. 830; Pennsyl 
vania regulations. 517; springs for 
Mrs. Washington, 841; see also 
Wagons. 

Carrington, Edward, Lt. col., 1st Con 
tinental artillery; commissioner for 
sale of confiscated goods at York- 
town and deputy quartermaster gen 
eral Southern department, 1272, 1277, 
1279, 1295, 1992, 1993; efforts to re 
tard enemy and remove stores, 1717 ; 
exchange commissioner. 1269, 1270, 
1811 ; rank, 1306, 1307 ; report on ex 
change negotiations, 1287. Letters 
from, -526, 741, 768, 1287, 1304, 1306, 
2017, 2039. Letters and instructions 
to. 1162, 1217, 1269. 1270. 

Carroll, Charles, of Carrollton, Mary 
land delegate, Continental Congress; 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECK MBER__ _ 1-60 



Carroll, Charles, of Carrollton Contd. 
member, committee in Canada, Let 
ters from, 103, 104. 107, 109. 

Carson, Moses, Capt., 8th Pennsylvania 
regiment. 418. 

Carstithers, Martin, 867. 

Cartel, see Prisoners, exchange com 
missioners, exchange negotiations, 
and exchanges. 

Carter, John, Maj., Royal artillery, 
British army, 860. Letter to, 847. 

Carter, John Charope, Capt., 1st Conti 
nental artillery, 701, 788. Order 
fropa, 782. 

Carter, Samuel, Private, New Jersey 
militia, 594. 

Carter, Winthrop, Lt., Nicholas New 
Hampshire levies, 1505. 

Carter, , sec Wadsworth & Carter. 

Carthy (David), Daniel, Deputy quar 
termaster general, apologises, 1477 ; 
declines Arnold s offer, 1515. Let 
ters from. 1431, 1436, 1455. 1461, 
1471. 1474, 1477, 1481, 1495, 1497, 
1501, 1504, 1507, 1508, 1513. 1514, 
1515, 1518. 1545. Letters to, 1458. 
1461, 1472, 1478, 1489, 1497, 1498, 
1506, 1510, 1517, 1653. 

Cartridge boxes (Cartouche boxes). 
360, 815, 1259, 1546, 1595, 1648, 1787. 
2169, 2172, 2188; condition of, 997; 
device, 350 ; leather, 338 ; making of. 
770. 1032 ; needed, 708, 2170, 2188. 

Cartridge paper, 30, 173, 177, 180, 181, 
359, 427, 2133. * 

Cartridges, 45, 56, 79, 198, 199, 200, 
364, 367, 375, 406, 449, 511, 652, 918, 
1222, 1492; for armed vessels, 37; 
British put buckshot in, 294, 295; 
for cannon, 76. 466 ; care of, 933, 934, 
1492; forwarded, 368, 2155; leads 
from houses for, 427; loss of, 949; 
manufacture of. 204, 573, 595, 1423, 
1424, 1435 ; musket, 73, 120, 573. 617, 
1082. 1424, 1439, 1490, 1784, 2030; 
needed, lacked, scarcity, etc., 413. 
419, 429, 447, 466, 543, 925, 977, 1076. 
1078, 1160, 1455. 1456, 1462, 1490. 
1784, 1951, 1983, 2078-2079. 2141; 
orders for, 1311; writing paper for. 
427; returns, 1424, 2033; rounds for 

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INDEX 



2521 



Cartridges Continued. 

each soldier, 2155 ; supply. 592, 1077, 
1459; wearing out of, 2155. 

Carts, sec Wagons. 

Cartwright, Thomas, Capt., Jackson s 
Additional Continental regiment; 
aide to Heath, 1257, 12(55, 1288; res 
ignation and discharge, 1706, 1707. 
1756, 1757-1758, 1758. Letter from, 
547. Letters to, 554, 1189. 

Gary, Ephraim, Lt., Shcrbume s Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, 1257. 

Gary (Carey), Jonathan, Capt.-lt., 8th 
Massachusetts regiment, 2113, 2114, 
2165, 2170. 

Gary, Richard, Lt. Col. and Aide to 
Washington, Letter from, 138. Let 
ter to, 159. 

Casco Bay (now Maine), 1754, 2144. 

Cash, see Money. 

Casks. 83, 1602; cooperage and repair 
of, 1504, 1506. 1510, 1513; needed, 
1881, 1568; for salt beef, 1537, 1642; 
for rum, 1510; water, 1506, 1513, 
1646. 

Cassaty, James, 2421. 2433. Letter 
from, 2434. 

Cassaweto, Thomas? Oneidaf Indian, 
363. 

Castaing, Peter. Lt., Jackson s Addi 
tional Continental regiment; 16th, 
9th and 3d Massachusetts; capt. and 
aide to Duportail, 1031. 2449. 

Casting, see Iron furnaces. 

Castle, William, 44. 

Castleton, Samuel, Scrgt., 10th Penn 
sylvania regiment, 1918. 

Castries de Charlus, Armand Charles 
Augustin, Comte de, Col. en second, 
regiment Saintongc, 1687; intro 
duced to Washington, 1675, 1677. 
Letters from, 1741, 1824. Letters 
to, 1755, 1834, 1979. 

Castries, Charles Eugene Gabriel de 
la Croix. Marquis de, French minis 
ter of marine, 1638. 1644, 1647. 

Casualties, see Losses. 

Caterlin, Joseph, Lt., New Jersey 
militia, introduced to Washington, 
2203. 



Cathcart, William Schaw, Capt., 17th 
light dragoons; Maj., 38th Foot; 
Commander of Cathcart s legion aide 
to Sir Henry Clinton; quartermaster 
general, British army in America, 
legion ordered to Long Island, 819. 

Catherine II, Empress of Russia, 806. 

Catskill (Kattskill, New York), 1010, 
1025. 

Catskill Mountains (New York), 2120. 

Catterline, James, 2309. 

Cattle, 2, 171, 215, 231, 332, 335, 392. 
396, 440, 491, 510, 556, 560, 676, 784, 
931, 1047, 1066, 1193. 1202, 1222, 
1230. 1232, 1303, 1324, 1423, 1466*, 
1467, 1474, 1484, 1505, 1530, 1618, 
1626, 1723, 1773, 1831, 1879, 1884, 
2037; allotment, 1220; for artillery, 
1402; beef, 557, 741, 1821, 1854, 
1860; British furnished with, 562, 
556, 1321, 1341, 2094, 2099, 2162, 
2275, 2315; British raid for, 1878, 
2253; called for, 1464, 1603, 1611, 
1799; captured, 289. 514, 721, 958; 
collection of, 526, 549, 552, 553, 554, 
555, 556, 557, 558, 563, 577, 593, 694, 
741, 1224, 1225, 1230, 1235, 1238, 
1356, 1667, 1887, see also under re 
moval of; collection by British, 666, 
715, 716, 1164, 1183, 1667; consumed 
by allied troops, 2032; delayed, 
1468; disease among, 1980; disposal 
of, 1361; diverted from West Point 
to main army, 1486; driven off, 245, 
366, 1361, 1413, 1422, 1528, 1878; 
exportation. 1537 ; foraged at 
Philipse s, 1952 ; for French army, 
1819, 2027, 2030, 2034, 2041; for 
warded, 184, 503, 553, 574, 586, 1227, 
1237, 1304, 1315, 1322. 1324, 1326, 
1345, 1353, 1468, 1504, 1525, 1571, 
1640, 1706, 1887, 1892. 1948, 1963, 
1980 ; guards. 556, 560, 564 ; for hos 
pital, 1441; on the hoof, 1625; im 
press, 553, 554, 1219, 1225, 1935; 
issues, 1482; on the lines, 1356; loss 
of, 562; marsh, 555; need, want 
and lack of, 1466, 1469, 1471, 1516, 
1562 ; pay for, 557, 1703 ; price, 1202 ; 
procuring, 1338, 1673; protection of, 
580, 583, 585; purchase of, 129, 306, 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Cattle Continued. 
454, 551, 749, 1049, 1050, 1306, 1454, 
1525, 1892; purchasing agents. 1202, 
1460, 1892; quality, 2398; removal 
of, 477, 559, 574, 920, 1281, 1361, 
1410, 1502, 1859, I860, see also under 
collection of and driven off; returns, 
1473, 2027, 2030, 2034; sale of. 734; 
for salting, 1602; seizure, 42. 530, 
698, 722, 889, 1278, 1361, 1391, 1417, 
1512, 1891, 1903; British seizure of, 
682; slaughter, 557, 741; stall-fed, 
1615; stoppage of, 541, 546. 1312, 
1315, 1318, 1321, 1322, 1435, 1451, 
1458, 1462, 1463. 1465, 1467, 1469, 
1508 ; subsistence of, 1033, 1038 ; sub 
stitute of grain for, 1235, 1236 ; sup 
ply, 306, 503, 553, 555, 560, 569, 571, 
883, 1214, 1234, 1261, 1334, 1353, 1357, 
1416, 1468, 1472, 1474, 1481, 1482, 1486, 
1519, 1523, 1673. 1684, 1773, 1785, 
1788, 1794, 1795, 1811, 1815, 1820, 
1860, 1873, 1887, 1888; transporta 
tion, 1897. See also Cows. 
Caughnawaga (New York), destruc 
tion of, 1352. 

Cavalry (Dragoons, Horse), 97, 142, 
483, 501, 504, 511. 530, 538, 540, 556, 
648, 729, 779, 899, 900, 1120, 1237, 
1239, 1249, 1268, 1324, 1376, 1988, 
2061, 2135, 2240; accouterments, 
220, 262, 513; 516, 564, 600, 601, 
677, 701, 702, 1259, 1269, 1270, 1309, 
1311, 1612, 1682, 1755, 1766, 1860, 
1885 ; aids Hamilton in Philadelphia, 
422; aids impress, 1778; arrange 
ment, 484, 485, 509, 929, 1216, 1581. 
2300; arms, 234, 532, 601, 606,607, 
611, 635, 641, 1110, 1270, 1682, 
1766; boots, 522, 544, 568; boots and 
shoes, 1215; breeches, 552, 544, 568; 
British, 752, 1769, 1842; accou 
terments, 1562 ; advance, 844 ; at 
tempt to capture Washington, 
1734; captured, 615, 673; concen 
tration, 1356; encounters, sur 
prises, defeats, etc., 427, 506, 646, 
752, 765, 1431, 1449, 1583, 1961, 
1962; health, 394; light, 333, 427; 
loyalist, 2101, see also Thompson, 
Benjamin ; movements, 1962, 2085 ; 



Cavalry (Dragoons, Horse) Contd. 
position, 683, 1449, 1735, 2256; 
preparation of, 1785 ; raising of, 
551; uniform, 333; regiments, 
Seventeenth light dragoons, 1583, 
2085; 

broadswords for, 516 ; called for, 519. 
624, 1344 ; cantonment of, 1264 ; cap 
tured dragoons released by Carle- 
ton, 2288; care of, 561; clothing, 
234, 262, 343, 511, 512, 540, 553, 568. 
586, 587, 607. 641, 670, 755, 950, 
1092, 1257, 1259, 1270, 1307, 1309, 
1344, 1351, 1966; command of, 268, 
330, 561, 578, 832, 1239, 2064; com 
pany of, 229; concentration of, 676, 
702; letter to colonels, 446; cornet- 
cies in, 607; desertions, 1308; de 
tachment for south, 1986 ; difficulties 
in obtaining, 1917, disabled men and 
horses, 1527: discharges, 2453; dis 
cipline, 290; dismissal of married 
men, 568; dismounted, 1064, 1084, 
1248, 1526, 1602, 1968, 2210, 2307; 
disorder in, 538; draft, 595, 1387, 
1408, 1409; drill master, 561; effect 
of quartering act on, 1253; employ 
ment of, 228, 633 ; enlistments, 1187, 
1293, 1317 ; encounters, victories, etc., 
426, 1325, 1883, 1915, 2002, 2209; 
equipment, 245, 509, 511, 512, 
523, 532, 541, 544, 547, 553, 561, 597, 
610, 638, 641, 1308, 1311, 1632, 1702, 
1850, 1872, 1945, 1966, 1979 ; escorts, 
591, 870, 1798. 2000, 225 1, 2256; 
establishment, formation, etc., 514, 
1309, 2192, 2313: express or mail 
riders, 749, 765, 785, 959, 1427,1431, 
1443, 1446, 1447, 1493, 1538, 1559, 
1620, 1628, 1639, 1875, 2186, 2192, 
2193, 2251, 2256; feeling between 
navy men and, 532; forage, 527,540, 
584, 1641, 2299; French, 1576, 1940, 
2113, see also under Lauzun ; fur 
loughs, 1257, 2404. 2445; troop of 
Grays, 273; 

horses, 248, 250, 263. 506, 509, 
530, 538, 541, 554, 557, 564, 565, 
567, 568, 587, 592, 601, 606, 607, 
611, 638, 641, 701, 753, 755, 764. 
1033, 1098, 1193, 1211, 1243, 1259, 



1775 

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INDEX 



2523 



Cavalry (Dragoons, Horse) Contd. 
1344, 1526, 1527, 1542, 1G12, 1G39, 
1702, 1755, 1787, 1841, 1847, 1848, 
1850, 1860, 1872, 18X5. 2377; con 
dition of, 584, 600, 629. 698, 765, 
1050 ; inspection, 2308 ; purchase 
of, 1640, 1885; remounts, 552, 755, 
1698, 1707, 1816, 1902; 
inspection of, 1315, 2308; inspector, 
1649; Inspector General, 894; plan 
of instruction, 2176; jackets, 347; 
light dragoons, lancers, etc., 255, 290, 
330, 347, 422, 465, 484, 485, 530, 538, 
544. 561, 582, 638, 779, 1177, 1181, 
1215. 1229, 1239, 1241, 1309. 1319, 
1376. 1390 ; movements, 535, 618, 625. 
631, 655, 676, 680, 685, 686, 693, 696, 
763, 838, 905. 912, 1062. 1122, 1205, 
1215. 1227, 1248, 1360, 1415, 1662, 1985, 
2299; mutiny, 2363, 2366; militia, 
1241, 1242, 1274, 1312, 1376, 1408, 

1409, see also under volunteer; 
needed. 222, 255, 289, 298, 317, 339, 
344. 465, 482, 484, 503, 506, 508, 519, 
582, 638, 641, 658. 671, 672, 1041, 
1157, 1229, 1239, 1329, 1527, 1842, 
1865, 1868, 1908; object to acting as 
infantry, 1393; officers, 220, 231, 243, 
248, 262, 485, 511, 540, 597, 607, 786, 
787, 826, 894, 1182, 1216, 1308, 1309, 
1351, 1986, 2315; noncommissioned 
officers, 1658; orders, 699, 865; or 
ganization, 1276; pay, 221, 229, 274; 
patrols and pickets, 509, 1241, 1242, 
1251; position, 512, 518, 532, 537, 
541, 614, 693. 694, 839, 872, 1270, 

1410, 1540, 2294; preparations, 578, 
579, 1985; privileges, 561; promo 
tions in, 597, 677, 950; provisions, 
538; punishments in, 1576, 1581; 
quarters, 526, 537, 544, 1231. 1257; 
quartermaster general for, 561; 
rank, 615; recruiting, raising, aug 
menting, etc., 220, 229, 231, 232, 351, 
483, 538, 544, 565, 568, 616, 675, 1110, 
1182, 1374, 1632, 1770, 1809; recruits, 
587, 601, 649, 829, 701, 702, 1297, 1308, 
1632; 

regiments, 951. First Continen 
tal dragoons. 509, 514, 539, 553, 
641, 649, 670. 677, 680, 838, 929, 



Cavalry (Dragoons, Horse) Contd. 
1098, 1239, 1754, 1770, 1966, 2123, 
2363, 2366; see also Bland, Theo- 
dorick ; Dandridge, Alexander 
Spotswood; Lewis, Addison; also 
White, Anthony Walton. Second 
Continental dragoons, 509, 544, 
568, 610, 631, 1145, 1248, 1257, 1259, 
1261, 1262. 1269, 1270, 1307, 1308, 
1309, 1315, 1351, 1542, 1576, 1682, 
1766, 1816, 1885, 2299, 2404, 2445, 
2453; letter from officers, 826; 
see also under Jameson, John; 
Sheldon, Elisha ; and Tallmadge, 
Benjamin. Third Continental 
dragoons. 231, 243, 245, 248, 262, 
509, 614. 764, 846, 916, 1201, 2209; 
see also under Baylor, George ; 
Clough, Alexander; and Washing 
ton, William. Fourth Continental 
dragoons, 509, 516, 832, 865, 912, 
1205, 1227, 1231, 1259, 1261, 1269, 
1270, 1295, 1308, 1367. 1632, 1658, 
1706, 1770, 1986; list of officers, 
894; see also Craig, Charles; 
Craig, John ; Moylan, Stephen ; 
also White, Anthony Walton; 
regulation, 509, 511, 532, 561; re 
lieved by Jersey horse, 538 ; re 
mounts, see Horses; rest and re 
cuperation of, 535, 677 ; returns, 614, 
641, 648, 649, 670, 680, 686, 764, 
846, 1202, 1259, 1262. 1264, 1308, 
1309, 1447, 1496, 1658, 1904; saddles, 
248, 557, 1885; size of troops, 609; 
Southern brigade, 1496; spirit of, 
1360; state and condition of, 610, 
615, 1261, 1270, 1291, 1966 ; States to 
which officers and men belong, 1308, 
1309; stores, support of, wants, etc., 
861, 1242, 1315, 2072, 2299; strength, 
511, 881, 950 ; swords, 414, 516, 1885 ; 
training, 262, 483, 511, 513; trouble 
with. 532 ; thanks to, 1149 ; uniforms, 
315; volunteer, 130 611, 1248, 1380; 
value, 561, 1909; winter quarters, 
513, 855, 868, 1174, 1246, 1612. See 
also under Armand, Bosniaken; 
Connecticut troops, light horse ; Lee, 
Henry, jr.; Marechaussee; militia, 
mounted; New Jersey, troops, cav- 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Cavalry (Dragoons, Horse) Contd. 
airy; Pulaski ; Washington, Wil 
liam; and the various States. 

Cawley, John, Private. 199. 

Cayeu or Cayen, Pierre, see Cadieux. 

Cayuga river (New York), 950. 

Cayugas, see Indians, tribes. 

Cedars (The) (Canada), 94. 107; at 
tack and surrender of, 115, 117. 118. 
121. 124, 126; cartel of, 1594; hos 
tages, 563 ; prisoners of and their ex 
change. 1713, 1837, 1860, 1910, 1916. 
1935, 1942; trial of officers in com 
mand at, 127. 

Ceeley, Justice, 229. 

Celebration of French alliance, 920. 

CERBERUS, British ship of war, 39. 

Ceronio. Stephen, Continental agent at 
Cape Francois, San Domingo, Letter 
from. 328. 

Certificates, 261 ; depreciation, 2064, 
2125; of discharges, 2032; payment 
for supplies, 1489. 1531, 1537: pres 
ervation of value, 2104 ; refused by 
people, 1089, 1537, 2092. 2093; of 
seizures, 886 ; of service sold, 1557 ; 
worthless, 1759. 

Chace, John, of Rhode Island, 613. 

Chad s Ford (Brandy wine creek. Penn 
sylvania), 445, 631: see also Brandy- 
wine. 

Chads. James, Capt., British navy, 
2372. 

Chain, see Fort Mifflin ana West Point. 

Chair, riding, 703. 

Challenge right in courts-martial, 
2041, 2042, 2050, 2058. 2064. 2073. 

Chalmers, Hamilton. Former, adj., 
British army. 2255, 2256. 2258.. Let 
ter from, 2253. 

Chalmers, James, Lt. col., commandant, 
1st Maryland Loyalists, Letter from, 
617. 

Chaloner, John, Asst. commissary of 
purchases; member of firm of dial- 
oner & White, Letter to, 617. 

Chaloner & White, Philadelphia mer 
chants; agents to commissary general 
or purchases j asst. commissary gen 
erals of purchases, Letter from, 980. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

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-, de. Ensign, 29th Foot, 



Chambault. 

British arm ii. 1703. 

De Chambault (Canada), defense of, 
114; loss of, 124; post at. 103, 104, 
125. 

Chainbeault - - de. 161. 193. 

Chamberlain, William, Lt. col., New 
Jersey militia. 1230, 1233. 

Chamberlayne, John, Private f, 2d New 
York regiment. 2120. 

Chamberlin, Abiel. 76. 

Chamberlin. Silas, 76. 

Chambers, David, Col.. Neic Jersey mi 
litia. Letter from, 250. 

Chambers. James, Col. f, militia, orders 
to. 1076. 

Chambers. Joseph, Capt., deputy com 
missary of issues, Letter from. 1492. 

Chambers, Matthew, Capt., 6th Massa 
chusetts regiment. 1661. 

Chambers, Stephen, Capt.. I2tl\ Penn 
sylvania regiment, 577. Letters 
from. 572. 5S2. 583. Letters and in 
structions to, 559, 574, 584. 

Chamblee (Canada), 2425: British 
surrender at, 29, 30. 33. 39; British 
force at, 162; British officers and 
stores surrendered at, 29; prisoners, 
40: road to Isle aux Noix, 162; scout 
to, 146 ; skirmish at. 17 ; store houses 
at. 98. 

Champe, John. Sergt.. Lee s dragoons, 
1557. 1578, 1583. 

Champion, Henry, Lt., and adj., 2d 
Connecticut and 22d Continental In 
fantry ; eapt., 3d Connecticut; col. 
and deputy commissary general of 
purchases. Continental army; com 
missary general of Connecticut, 57, 
1315, 1353, 1872; activity. 553: ap 
pointment. 553, 1342; complaint. 567; 
conduct,1292; difficulties, 1200 ; needs 
money, 1202, 1312, 1315: purchases, 
1306; rank, 109; requests orders. 
1312;; Washington s; confidence in. 
542. Letters from, 560, 999, 1202, 
1312, 1315. 1322, 1324. 1342, 1353, 
1355, 1357. Letters and instructions 
to. 542, 569, 661, 1047, 1292. 1326, 
1334, 1343. 

Champlain, lake, see Lake Champlain. 

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2525 



Champlin, Jabez, Col, barrack-master 

to the French army in America, 

1810, 1817, 1819; commission of, 

1793. 

Champney, Jonathan, Wagonmaster 

General, Continental army, 192. 
Chandler, John. Col., 6th Connecticut 

regiment, 270. 

Chandler, Joseph, Justice of the peace, 
Cornwall precinct, New York, Letter 
from, 1768. 
Chandonet, - , Quartermaster, 1st 

Continental artillery f, 782. 
Channing. John, of South Carolina, 

Letter from, 2301. 
Chapeton, Pierre, sec Charlant. 
Chaplains, 77. 295, 371. 1868; anony 
mous letter concerning, 2334 ; ex 
change of, 1299; Hessian, 1154; 
status as prisoners, 2198. 
Chapman, Daniel, 860. 
Charcoal or coal, 72, 90, 194, 851, 1473, 

1747, 1759; British supply. 1151. 
Chariot, for Washington, 796, 1280, 
1286, 1292, 1299, 1302, 1311, 1337, 
1376, 1408, 1420; for Martha Wash 
ington, 805. 
Charity, 1433. 
Charlant (Chapeton). Pierre, Canadian 

spy, 1889, 2201. 

Charles III, King of Spain, 1120, 1737. 
Charleston (South Carolina), 281,1168, 
1256, 1287, 1294, 1297, 1303, 1308, 1333, 
1343, 1610. 1745, 1914-1915, 1981, 
2026; action near, 2013; assistance 
to, 1267, 1275, 2366; 

British army at, 1252, 1657, 2092 ; 
attempt against and failure, 1321, 
1345, 1350; embarkation at. 2084, 
2116; British evacuation, 1978, 
2044, 2052, 2076, 2101, 2106, 2116, 
2121, 2141, 2170, 2172, 2193, 2197, 
2207, 2215, 2216, 2225, 2229, 2236, 
2238, 2240, 2247, 2258, 2269, 2270, 
2271. 2272, 2273, 2274, 2275, 2276, 
2277, 2279, 2287, 2291, 2294, 2300, 
2303, 2311, 2319, 2323, 2360; ar 
rangements and propositions, 2298 ; 
Hessians sent to, 2030; Hessians 
sent from, 2238, 2294; lines at, 
1597 ; loyalist troops sent from, 



Charleston (South Carolina) Contd. 
2248; maneuvers at, 1285; mutiny 
at, 1909 ; officers from, 2101 ; posi 
tions, 1303, 1904; reenforcements, 
1428, 1652, 1657, 1865, 1878, 1882, 
1890, 2010, 2011, 2024, 2025, 2031, 
2184; retreat toward, 1431; 
strength, 1373, 1914, 2009, 2235, 
2306, 2311 ; troops sent from, 1338, 
1369, 1405, 2164, 2238, 2247, 2248, 
2269. 2292. 2294, 2321, 2360; Cork 
fleet arrives at, 1806; British des 
patch boats sent to, 2262; expedi 
tion against, 1136, 1210, 1212, 1251, 
1283, 1321, 1624, 2021; British 
fortifications at, 1303, 1914, 2002, 
2172, 2303 ; British merchant ships, 
1351, 1379, 1448, 2079; British 
navy at, 1233, 1281, 1285, 1303; 
fleet sails for, 1320, 1414, 1657, 
2014, 2016, 2052, 2195; fleet sails 
from, 1366, 2079, 2253, 2321; Brit 
ish transports from, 1878, 2044, 
2097, 2236, 2238, 2239, 2242, 2243, 
2259 ; 

command at, 772; citizens request 
to return to, 2309; danger from St. 
Augustine, 2358; defense of, 190, 
1233, 1266, 1275, 1285, 1303, 1316, 
1321, 1326, 1912, 2247, 2358, 2366; 
description of, 1912; fate of, 1293; 
fortifications, 2328; French consul 
at, 2370; harbor, 1912; necessity of 
holding, 1258; importance of, 190; 
intelligence, news, reports, etc., 
from, 1059, 1067, 1310, 1325, 1340, 
1341, 1346, 1355, 1371, 2216; landing 
places at, 1914, 1937; loyalist com 
mittee, 2216 ; Lincoln s manoeuver 
at, 1102 ; map of coast and rivers in 
vicinity of, 1911 ; militia support, 
1267; operations against, attempts 
on, etc., 1912, 1914, 1923, 1959, 1973, 
1985; operations, cooperative with 
French against, 1976, 1978, 1979, 
1984, 2102; preservation of, 2303; 
prevention of plundering, 2298; 
American prisoners at, 1522, 1564, 
1596, 1626, 1832, 1836, 1837, 1838, 
1860; American prisoners escape 
from, 1480; reenforcements for, 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Charleston (South Carolina) Contd. 
1288, 1293, 1325. 1326; relief of, 
1334; riots in. 2422; siege of, 1176, 
1275, 1303, 1868, 1914; Lincoln s re 
port on siege of, 1450. sec also under 
Lincoln, Benjamin ; state, situation, 
condition, etc.. 1098, 1175, 1303. 1316, 
1323, 1333; stormed by Clinton, 
1338; plan to surprise, 1985; sur 
render of. 1324, 1343, 1348, 1351, 
1352. 1353. 1354, 1356, 1379; sur 
render negotiations. 1333 ; surrender 
summons and reply, 1304. 1305; see 
also under Fort Moultrie. 

Charlestown (Maryland), 620. 

Charlestown (Massachusetts), 16, 
1253. 

Charlotte County (New York), 1333. 

Charlottesville (Virginia), command 
at, 928, 985; letter to commanding 
officer at, 1699; Convention troops, 
806, 832, 838, 852, 904, 910, 911, 922, 
957, 1018, 1131, 1201, 1202, 1986, 
2035. 2046; garrison at, 985. 

Charlus, Conite de, see Castries de 
Charlus. 

Charter, British, for Vermont, 2160. 

Chartes. Theodore, Canadian, 119. 

Chartier s (Shirtus) Creek (Pennsyl 
vania), 1999. 

Chase, Samuel, Maryland delegate, 
Continental Congress; member of 
committee in Canada, Letters from, 
104, 109, 193. Letter to, 107. 

Chase, Thomas, Asst. Quartermaster 
General, 154. 

Chastellux, Frangois Jean, Chevalier 
de, Maj. gen., French army in Amer 
ica, 1617, 1824, 1848, 1856; advances 
money for overalls, 2054; Carleton 
pays for his wine, 2329, 2342, 2343, 
2358; friendship between Washing 
ton and, 1687, 1869, 2024, 2299, 2304, 
2316, 2388; / health, 1S08, 1817; 
horses for, 1947 ; inspector of French 
army, 2428; introduced to Wash 
ington, 1643; present of claret to 
Washington, 1898; urges Washing 
ton to visit France, 2352; visits 
northern frontier, 1643. Letters 
from, 1675, 1808, 1824, 1837, 1856, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER-.. _ 1-60 



Chastellux, Frangois Jean Chevalier 
de Continued. 

1869, 1893, 1898. 2024, 2304, 2316, 
2352, 2428. Letters to, 1687, 1753, 
1817, 1859. 1892, 1898, 2190, 2299, 
2388. 

Chatham, Earl of, sec Pitt. 

Chatham (New Jersey), 330, 1666, 
1670, 1925, 1934, 1935, 2185, 2196; 
bakery at, 1927; cavalry quarters 
at, 544; local affairs, 1384. 

Chaudiere settlements (Canada), 542. 

Chautard. Martelli, Capt., French 
navy, Letter from. 1955. Letter to, 
1968. 

Cheat River (now West Virginia), In 
dian murders on, 1465. 

Cheese, for Washington, 366, 1864. 

Cheever. Ezekiel, Commissary of Ar 
tillery; commissary of military 
stores; col. and deputy commissary 
general, Continental army, 53, 71. 72, 
73, 76, 79, SO, 83. 85. 87, 120, 147, 
148, 149. 152, 199, 229. 736. 1682, 
1766; conduct, 364, 365, 427, 574, 
1553, 1657, 1718; difficulties. 575; 
needs money, 1766; title, 590. Let 
ters from, 243, 356, 574. 626, 686, 
727, 1081. 1082, 1628, 1677, 1686, 
1720, 1747, 1766. Letters, instruc 
tions, and orders to, 204, 257, 342, 
360, 364, 527, 590, 617, 721, 1077, 
1311, 1538, 1641. 

Chehaw Neck (South Carolina), en 
gagement and killed and wounded 
at, 2209 ; see also Combahee Ferry. 

Chelsea (Massachusetts), 6. 

Chemical for secret writing, see Se 
cret service. 

Chemung (New York), 947; country 
between Seneca nation and, 950; 
country between Wyoming and, 899 ; 
destruction of, 1111 ; distance and 
route to Niagara. 959; expedition 
against, 805, 806, 809, 865, 869, 903; 
guides to, 1023; intelligence from, 
966; road to Wyoming, 900; Sulli 
van s sucess at, 1117. 

Cheney. Penuel, Surgeon s mate, 3d 
Connecticut regiment. Letter from. 14. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2527 



Cherry Valley (New York), 831; aid, 
assistance, reenforceinent for, 364, 
840, 844, 847, 849; British and In 
dians withdraw from, 847 ; conflict 
of civil and military authority at, 
831; inhabitants, 831; intelligence 
from, 841 ; killed and wounded at, 
847; massacre, 835, 842, 844, 848, 
854 ; provisions and stores, 732. 
Chesapeake Bay, 1416, 1782, 1949, 1985, 
2036, 2040, 2045; allied armies 
transportation down, 1941, 1943, 
1944, 1948; blockade of, 1863; Brit 
ish clothing vessels to go to, 2053, 
2054; British in, 588, 1773, 1869; 
British expedition to, 1026, 1197, 
1198, 1748, 1751, 1783; British fleet 
in, 1014, 1016, 1584, 1869, 1878 ; Brit 
ish reports from, 1740 ; Continental 
vessels to go to, 1735 ; defense prep 
arations, 2180 ; French army s march 
to, 2163; French army transported 
down, 1930; French artillery pas 
sage up, 2195; French artillery sent 
to, 1924; French captures and suc 
cesses in, 1727, 1731, 1737; 

French expeditions to first, 
1677, 1705, 1718, 1725, 1732; sec 
ond, 1737, 1739, 1742, 1743, 1751, 
1752, 1759, 1762, 1763 ; failure of, 
1761, 1766, 1776; killed and 
wounded, 1761; Barras , 1895, 
1900, 1904, 1922, see also under 
Barras; Destouches , 1741, 1746, 
1752, 1818, 1826, see also under 
Destouches; de Grasse s, 1858, 
1922, 1937, 1938, 1941, 1942, 1943, 
1944, 1946, see also under de 
Grasse; Vaudreuil s, 2177, 2180, 
see also under Vaudreuil ; 
French fleet in, 1698, 1728, 1941, 
1942, 1943, 1944, 1946, 2177, 2180; 
French fleet sails from, 1746, see 
also under Navy, French, and Vir 
ginia capes; Lafayette s detachment, 
1743, 1753; storing provisions on, 
560 ; transportation of stores down, 
1944; vessel scarcity in, 1948. 
Chesapeake capes, see Virginia capes. 
Chesnel, - - de, Capt., French navy, 
Letter from, 2144. 



Chest, captured, 221; see also Mili 
tary chest. 

Chester, Leonard, Aide to Brig. Gen. 
Browne, 388, 1702. Letter to, 1720. 

Chester ( Pennsylvania ), 403, 405, 589, 
1057, 1159, 1721, 1981; British at, 
474; British embarkation at, 476; 
British guard at, 545; British move 
toward, 506, British ships at, 456, 
468; field map of, 515; Hessian ex 
pedition toward, 430; road, 503. 

Chester county (Pennsylvania), 571; 
militia in, 541. 

Chesterfield (Virginia), 1325; court 
house; 1815; destruction of records 
by British, 2059; militia surprised 
at, 1842. 

Chestnut Neck (New Jersey), burned, 
791. 

Chevaux de frise, in the Delaware, 436, 
463, 489; at West Point, 331, 708. 

Chilcott, John, Lt. engineers, British 
army, 2249. 

Child, John, Ensign, Gardner s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 18. 

Child, Jonathan, Asst. commissary of 
purchases, 1135. 

Child, Moses, 47, 78. 

Children, 885 ; in barracks, 1664 ; brutal 
treatment of, 206; sent in from 
Canada, 1544, 2230; provision issue 
to, 1861, 2353 ; rum issues to stopped, 
2026; 

British, passports to enter New 
York, 1032, 1454, 1460, 1462; ra 
tions for, 1090, 1475; starving, 
1462. 

Chilli cothe (Ohio), destroyed, 1471. 

Chinaware, see Crockery. 

Chinn, Edward, Commissioner of ac 
counts, Northern department, Letter 
from, 934. Letter to, 1136. 

Chipman, John, Capt., Warner s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 1591. 
Letter from, 1565. 

Chittenden, Thomas, Governor of Ver 
mont, 1993, 2304, 2305, 2315; assur 
ances from, 2012; British apologise 
to, 2012; calls for provisions, 1226, 
1227; correspondence with the ene 
my, 1990, 2091; correspondence with 



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Chittenden, Thomas Continued. 

Stark, 2012; letters for, 2294; 
promises aid to repel British, 1918; 
report requested from, 1990; reports 
on dealings with enemy, 1993; 
Washington s letter to, 2019, 2053. 
Letters from, 936, 1224, 1993, 2308. 
Letters to, 1227, 1579, 1990. 

Choin (Chouin), de, Maj., 

French Infantry, 681, 689, 750, 772. 
Letter from, 767. 

Choisy, Claude Gabriel, Due de, Brig, 
gen., French army in America, 1555, 
1848, 1855, 2180. Letters from, 
1961, 1973, 1974, 2201. Letters to, 
1972, 1974. 

Chouin, , See Choin. 

Christian, William, Col., 1st Virginia 
regiment, 102. 

Christiana Bridge (Delaware), 1939. 

Christie, James, Capt., 3d Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1055, Instructions 
to, 1047. 

Christmas, Tory meetings on, 2296. 

Chubhicking (Chupeeking) (Ohio), 
fort at, 995; captured, 1003. 

Church, Benjamin, jr., Director and 
chief physician Continental hospital, 
19, 41, 57 ; his cipher letter and cor 
respondence with the enemy, 21, 22, 
23, 24; discharge, 20. Letter from, 
22. Letter to, 20. 

Church, Moses, Asst. commissary of 
issues, Letter from, 1514. Letter 
to, 1514. 

Church, Thomas, Col. 3d Rhode Island 
regiment, 57. Letters from, 26, 27. 
Letter to, 58. 

Church, Thomas, Maj., 4th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 711, 998. Letter 
from, 1413. 

Churches, damaged by troops. 1506. 

Churchill, Elijah, Sergt., 2d Contin 
ental dragoons, 2380, 2386. 

CIBELLE, French store ship, 1940. 

Cilley, Joseph, Col., 1st New Hamp 
shire regiment, 1262; 1383. Letter 
from, 1269. Letter to, 1271. Regi 
ment, 1016. 

Cincinnati, Society of the, certificates 
of membership, 2446; circulars, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER.- _ 1-60 



Cincinnati, Society of the Continued. 
2458; constitution, 2458; establish 
ment of, 2445, 2458; French officers, 
2442, 2445, 2458 ; medal, 2456 ; meet 
ing, 2442. 2460; president-general, 
2408, 2436; subscription, 2442. 

Ciphers, see Correspondence and 
Secret service. 

Cishacoquillas Valley (Pennsylvania). 
2226. 

Cist, Charles, Philadelphia printer; 
see Styner & Cist. 

Citizens, see Civilians, also under 
Prisoners. 

City Point (Virginia), 1801, 1842. 

Civil affairs, see United States, civil 
affairs. 

Civil authority, see Authority. 

Civil departments, see United States, 
civil departments. 

Civil government, see Government. 

Civil law, see Law. 

Civil suit, see Lawsuit. 

Civilians (Citizens), 547, 553; arrested. 
939; assault soldier, 2208, 2209; 
citizenship, 2186, 2187; embarkation 
at New York objected to, 2407; em 
ployees, 1651, 2312; employees dis 
tresses compared with those of mili 
tary officers, 2311; flags granted to, 
2074; murdered by soldier, 2012; 
officers quartered on, 1206; pass 
ports and permits to, 921, 937, 993, 
2045, 2053, 2251; prisoners, 1396, 
1514, 1916; prisoners exchanged, 
588, 1110, 1396, 1693, 1719, 1813, 
2344 ; status as prisoners, 1110, 2056, 
2344; provision issues to, 2312, 
2330; steal supplies, 2035; see also 
Loyalists. 

Claiborne, Buller, Capt., 2d Virginia; 
hrig.-maj. and aide to Lincoln, 454. 

Claiborne, Richard, Maj., deputy quar 
termaster general for Virginia, 2100. 
Letter from, 2009. Letters and in 
structions to, 1187, 1371. 

Claims, against the United States, 
1810, 2175, 2427, 2456; against con 
tractors, 2238; forage, 2430; of offi 
cers, 1238; pay, 2456; property, 
2372, 2411; settlement of, 551,1136; 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2529 



Claims Continued. 

of soldiers who died in captivity, 
299; against South Carolina, 2427; 
subsistence, 2430, 2456. 

Clajon, William, Maj., secretary to 
Gates: interpreter, Northern depart 
ment, 2457; services, 2420, 2456. 
Letter from, 2456. 

Clapp, Ebenezer, Lt. col., Read s 
Massachusetts regiment, 32. 

Clare, Thomas, Asst. deputy commis 
sary of purchases, Letter from, 993. 

Claret, see Liquors. 

Clark, Abraham, New Jersey delegate, 
Continental Congress, 1467. 

Clark, George Rogers, Col., brig, gen., 
Virginia militia, 1157, 2263; Brit 
ish force sent against, 1929; Brod- 
head s assurances and actions, 1932, 
1933 ; destroys Chillicothe, 1471 ; De 
troit expedition, 1653, 1733, 1739, 

1786, 1800, 1837, 1854, 1999, 2001, 
2006-2007, 2011 ; difficulty of obtain 
ing men, 1837, 1838, 1999; disap 
pointments, 2001; at the Illinois, 
1278; chain of intelligence, 1838; 
journal, 911, 1036 ; protects Moravian 
town, 1925; captured, 915; prepara 
tions, 1761 ; destroys Shawanoe 
towns, 1507 ; supplies for, 1747, 

1787, 1932; troops refused, 1837, 
1854 ; Vincennes expedition, 911, 
1035, 1036; Wyandot and Shawanoe 
expedition, 1929. Letters from, 1837, 
1838. Letters to, 1800, 1854. 

Clark, John, Capt., 8th Pennsylvania 
regiment, 942. 

Clark, John, jr., Lt. 1st Continental 
infantry; maj., 2d Pennsylvania 
battalion, Flying camp; aide to 
Greene; auditor of accounts of 
the Main army, 481, 941; leave of 
absence, 477, 512, 941; appointed 
auditor, 526; health, 458, 941; 
need of warm clothing, 477; 
needs dragoons, 506; needs a 
horse, 477, 487, 500; needs money, 
476, 477; plan for settling accounts, 
736; reconnoiters British shipping, 
475; resignation, 185; resigns as 
aide, 526 ; requests recommendation 



Clark, John, jr. Continued, 
to Congress, 477, 512; servant, 509; 
skirmish with British picket, 504, 
506; his spy, 476, 477, 482, 493, 500. 
Letters from, 213, 430, 449, 456, 458, 
463, 468, 474, 475, 476, 477, 479, 482, 
484, 487, 489, 491, 493, 494, 500, 501 t 
502, 504, 506, 509, 512, 526, 732, 736, 
760, 764, 941. Letters to, 444, 457, 
534, 602, 647, 709, 733, 764, 956. 

Clark, Jonathan, Capt., J t th Continen 
tal artillery, Letter to, 582. 

Clark, Lewis, 127. 

Clark, Samuel, of Neiv Hampshire, 
1406. 

Clark (Clarke), Thomas, Col., 1st 
North Carolina regiment, 399, 436, 
1044; British fail to surprise, 1019. 
Letters from, 647, 882, 929, 942, 
1019, 1040, 1075. Letters, orders, 
and instructions to, 853, 874, 875, 
885, 928, 944, 945, 947, 976, 1019, 
1141, 1144, 1146, 1184, 1185, 1189. 
Regiment, 853, 874, 875, 882, 923, 
942, 1040, 1141, 1144, 1146, 1184, 
1189. 

Clark, William, Lt., 3d New Jersey 
regiment, Letter from, 323. Letter 
to, 323. 

Ciark & Nightingale, Merchants, Provi 
dence, Rhode Island, 146, 824, 859, 
867, 929. Letters from, 13, 114, 823, 
1301, 1864. Letter to, 994. 

Clarke, Jonathan, Asst. commissary 
general, British northern army, 559. 
Letter from 844. Letter to, 845. 

Clarke, Oliver, Capt., Greene s Rhode 
Island regiment, Letter to, 1101. 

Clarke, , Schoolmaster, 131. 

Clarkson, Mary, Wife of Maj. Matthew 
Clarkson, Letter from, 1740. Letter 
to, 1715. 

Clarkson, Matthew, Maj., aide to Ar 
nold; aide to Lincoln; auditor of 
accounts for Main army; asst. sec 
retary at war, 1783, 1794 ; certificate 
of service, 2156; exchange, 1476; 
Washington s recommendation of, 
2169. Letters from, 1496, 2157, 2182. 
Letters to, 647, 2157, 2178. 

Clarkstown (New York), 758. 



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Ciaus, Daniel, Col., British Provincial 
troops, Tryon county, New York loy 
alists, 363; address of, 395. 

Claverac (Claverack, New York), 116, 
1165, 1412. 1415, 1416, 1417. 1423, 
1432, 1684, 203S, 2056. 

Ciayes, Peter, Capt., 6th Massachusetts 
regiment, 2258. 

Claypoole, David C.. Philadelphia 
printer, 1548. 

Cleanliness, see Hygiene. 

Cleaveland, Ebenezer, Capt., 8th Mas 
sachusetts, 642. Letter from, 639. 

Cleaveland, Moses, Letter from, 1776. 

Cleaveland, see Cleveland. 

Cleaves, Nathaniel, Lt., 21st Continen 
tal Infantry, Letter from, 194. 

Clergy in Canada, attitude toward 
United States, 873, 1884, 2067, 2099, 
see also under Canada ; British dis 
charge all paroles of, 2165; see also 
Chaplains. 

Clergymen, 1839; Franciscan monk. 
1209 ; Methodists incite tories, 413. 

Clerk, Ebenezer, Lt.?, 1st New York 
regiment?, Letter from, 1333. 

Clerks, see Washington papers, copying 
of. 

Cleveland, Thomas, Private, Gridleifs 
Massachusetts regiment, 49. 

Cleveland, William, Lt., 10th Conti 
nental Infantry, 701. Letter from, 
688. 

Cliffe, William, Staten Island loyalist, 
Letters from, 1132, 1148. 

Clift, Wills, Maj., 3d and 1st Connecti 
cut regiments, 2190, 2193; appoint 
ment, 900, 1137; rank, 900, 914, 
1057, 1126, 1128, 1130, 1159. Letters 
from, 2123, 2199.. Letter to, 2198. 

Clinton, George, Brig. Gen., Continen 
tal army; Governor of New York, 
332, 381, 432, 453, 455, 540, 711, 758, 
1256, 1286, 1454, 1482, 1543, 1555, 
1614, 1691, 2330, 2364, 2387 ; action of, 
73, aid given by, 469 ; applications to. 
321, 1236; attitude, 568; brigade 
losses, 207; borrows money to for 
ward troops, 465, 466; call for his 
services by New York, 381 ; confer 
ence with Howe, 1424 ; conference 



Clinton, George Continued. 

with Varick, 1843; conference with 
Washington, 1833; defense of Fort 
Montgomery, 435; disposition to aid 
Arnold, 1530; energy, 466; Hays 
letter to, 1537; health, 2441; inabil 
ity to help Heath, 1594; his influ 
ence requested, 1446 ; instructions, 
1886 ; intelligence from, 1603 ; makes 
map. 311 ; measures, 146 ; money for, 
2346; needs money, 308; opinions, 
321, 502, 599, 687, 930; plans expe 
dition against Chemung, 805; to 
protect Highlands. 301 ; proposes 
Esopus Indian expedition, 1027 ; 
pursues enemy, 1584; recovery of, 
2444 ; recruiting instructions from, 
1635; refuses to impress teams, 
1480; report on Indian expedition, 
809; requests directions, 452; re 
quests guard at Pine s Bridge, 1521 ; 
resignation, 381 ; successor to, 384 ; 
suggests fortifying West Point, 501 ; 
troops under, 340, 2444. Letters 
from, 146, 153, 160, 238, 261, 275, 
296, 308, 311, 347, 363, 377, 381, 392, 
433, 438, 452, 501, 537, 540, 641, 
1243, 1362, 1445, 1474, 1480, 1484, 
1601, 2004, 2252. Letters and in 
struction to, 144, 145. 155, 165, 189, 
237, 257, 281, 296, 299, 301, 309, 310, 
340, 349, 354, 379, 385, 395, 435, 438, 
446, 455, 493, 576, 679, 1446, 1462, 
1473, 1537, 1738, 1763, 2160, 2252, 

Clinton, Sir Henry, Lt. gen., comman 
der in chief, British army in Amer 
ica; peace commissioner to the Unit 
ed States, 418, 654, 676, 786, 823, 827, 
894, 895, 1042, 1126, 1154, 1209, 1365, 
1450, 1573, 1578, 1592, 1645, 1664, 
1666, 1672, 1673, 1703, 1752, 1832, 
2017, 2045, 2054, 2058, 2066, 2070, 
2072, 2103 ; accedes to liquidation of 
prisoners accounts, 2024 ; accuses 
Washington of using improper lan 
guage, 2097; activity of, 1947; ad 
vance against the French, 1421, 
1426, 1427, 1441, 1442, 1511 ; agitated, 
1490; attempts to embody refugees. 
800; attempt to rescue Convention 
troops, 823; capture attempted, 566, 



JANUARY-.TUXE 

JULY-DECEMBER 



1775 1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages Pages 

1 60-137 229-354 515-675 

1-60 137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2531 



Clinton, Sir Henry Continued. 

568, 575, 1736; caution of, 1049; 
charges Americans with inhumanity, 
2097 ; summons Charleston to surren 
der, 1304; Charleston s reply, 1305; 
to storm Charleston, 1338; in com 
mand of the British army, 615; 
commission to negotiate exchange of 
prisoners, 876 ; complains of provi 
sions furnished Convention troops, 
1421 ; conference with Arbuthnot, 
1467 ; on Cornwallis humanity, 1564 ; 
to relieve Cornwallis, 1969; corre 
spondence with American exchange 
commissioners, 2065; correspondence 
with Germain, 1700 ; countermove 
of Continental army against, 1426, 
1427; demands provisions supplied 
to British prisoners, 827; despatch 
in silver bullet, 433 ; despatches for, 



1671 
2132 
1511 



sends despatches to Vermont, 
disagreement with Arbuthnot, 



disappointed at governing 
principle of American exchange com 
missioners, 2093; dissatisfied with 
Arnold s conduct, 1710 ; directions to 
refugees, 1424 ; effect of Washing 
ton s march on, 1437; efforts to save 
Andre, 1554 ; embarkation at New 
York, 1407, 1591, 1790; emissaries to 
the Pennsylvania mutineers, 1672, 
1675 ; on exchange of prisoners, 1164 ; 
expedition up the North river, 441, 
443; exonerated from blame by An 
dre", 1553; his guard doubled, 2072- 
2073; his history of exchange nego 
tiations, 2093; hopes for agreement 
to prevent inhumanity on both sides, 
2097; Huddy s murderers demanded 
of, 2089 ; action in Huddy case, 2096, 
2097; Hunter s interview with, 951; 
ill humor of, 2007 ; inducements to 
Pennsylvania mutineers, 1670, 1700; 
instructions to, 1232 ; intelligence de 
sired by, 951 ; intentions, object, pur 
poses, etc., 619, 662, 1057, 1076, 1367, 
1511, 1948, 1958, 1969; invitation to 
refugees, 1531; letters intercepted, 
1973; loyalist assurances to, 816; 
message from New York, 397 ; move 
ment against the French in Rhode 



Clinton, Sir Henry Continued. 

Island, 1421, 1426, 1427, 1441, 1442, 
1511; movements and position, 400, 
455, 718, 725, 736, 741, 841, 876, 955, 
958, 1155, 1351, 1366, 1367, 1369, 
1370, 1373, 1421, 1441, 1442, 1486, 
1511, 1783, 1958, 2108, 2115; orders 
cessation of offensive operation, 
2107; orders to board of directors 
of associated loyalists, 2097; British 
officers prisoners rage against, 2129 ; 
petitions to, 1113, 1134 ; Phillips let 
ters to, 673; postpones meeting of 
exchange commissioners, 2094; pris 
oner requisition 837 ; his proposal 
to exchange Convention troops, 845; 
his proposal to settle prisoner ac 
counts, 1633; his proposals relative 
to commissaries of prisoners, 1556; 
protection purchased from, 1166; 
quarrel with Drummond, 1126 ; quar 
ters, 566, 673, 1599; reenforces 
Howe, 455; refuses money requisi 
tions for Convention officers, 840 ; re 
fuses to permit tobacco to be sent to 
Charleston for benefit of American 
prisoners, 1838; releases an Ameri 
can flag officer, 2099; relief expedi 
tion for, 1300; relieves Newport, 
723; requests appointment of ex 
change commissioners, 2015; re 
quests passports for vessels, 916, 
927, 1626; requests release of An 
dre", 1549; rule of conduct, 1580; 
seizes Kings Ferry, 1067; talk with, 
1025; threat, 800; Washington re 
quests an answer from, 1387. Let 
ters from, 432, 632, 638, 645, 840, 
873, 907, 916, 927, 961, 967, 1127, 
1142, 1177, 1304, 1407, 1504, 1534, 
1539, 1549, 1554, 1564, 1568, 1580, 
1596, 1626, 1700, 1703, 1838, 1938, 
1998, 2004, 2015, 2024, 2035, 2053, 
2063, 2065, 2071, 2090, 2093, 2094, 
2097, 2099. Letters to, 633, 642, 644, 
657, 660, 669, 742, 814, 845, 856, 868, 
888, 913, 919, 928, 944, 966, 1117, 
1124, 1131, 1186, 1228, 1305, 1387, 
1396, 1399, 1419, 1483, 1522, 1534, 
1549, 1553, 1554, 1560, 1567, 1571, 
1577, 1610, 1615, 1633, 1692, 1788, 



1779 1780 1781 

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894-10G5 1213-1382 1658-1879 

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1782 1783 

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2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2532 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Clinton, Sir Henry Continued. 

1808, 1830, 1946. 2001, 2013, 2019, 
2045, 2061, 2065, 2091, 2094. 

Clinton, James, Col., 2d New York; 
brig, gen., Continental army, 128, 
185, 196, 203, 207, 258, 453, 694, 702, 
710, 740, 769, 845, 882, 886, 953, 961, 
962, 1013, 1027, 1033, 1056, 1065, 1288, 
1296, 1510, 1603, 1614, 1619, 1716, 

1809, 1812, 1816, 1861, 1862, 1883, 
1902; ammunition for, 1032; made 
brigadier, 170; command at Albany, 
1585; continuance in the service, 
2189; cooperation with Hand, 856, 
857; correspondence with Vermont 
over prisoners, 1886 ; delayed, 1027 ; 
declines to give up prisoners to Ver 
mont, 1882 ; directions sent to, 1054 ; 
erects fort at Sacandoga, 992; exer 
tions, 1816; to fortify Highlands, 
125 ; to support Fort Schuyler, 1347, 
1816 ; flour for, 1862 ; Indian expedi 
tion cooperation, 995, 1032, 1033, 
1034, 1040, 1053, 1055; junction with 
Sullivan, 1068, 1111, 1123; injustice 
suffered, 2214; movements, 249, 250, 
992, 1073, 1233, 1347, 1358, 1363, 1367, 
1369, 1948, 2004; need of ammuni 
tion, arms, provisions, etc., 131, 144, 
145, 146, 896, 970, 1015, 1738, 1771, 
1789, 1812, 1839 ; opinions, 254 ; opin 
ions in council of war, 1291, 1518; 
opinion on Indian country winter 
campaign, 869 ; opinion on the situa 
tion, 1510; opinion requested, 792; 
provisions for, 1073 ; purchases flour 
on personal credit, 1812; requests 
flour, 1817; requests instructions, 
1015, 1807, 1812, 1886; resignation, 
2079, 2214 ; seizes provisions from the 
disaffected, 1886 ; shoes, 1069 ; stores 
and supplies, 1061, 1857, 2008; his 
useless transportation of supplies, 
1065; Sullivan to command, 1028; 
superseded, 2079; value of his serv 
ices, 254 ; visit to Washington, 1683 ; 
warned against surprise, 700, 701. 
Letters from, 110, 131, 134, 137, 144, 
145, 146, 183, 191, 809, 838, 869, 882, 
889, 896, 901, 970, 995, 1015, 1020, 
1027, 1034, 1057, 1061, 1291, 1359, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JDNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-60 



Clinton, James Continued. 

1362, 1518, 1606, 1614, 1619, 1629. 
1644, 1680, 1682, 1738, 1763, 1771, 
1789, 1807, 1809, 1812, 1817, 1825, 
1833, 1835. 1839, 1846, 1861. 1867, 
1873, 1882, 1886, 1889, 1891, 1899. 
1907, 1917, 2001, 2008, 2079, 2213, 
2214, 2454. Letters, orders, and in 
structions to, 98, 125, 131, 132, 135, 
141, 144, 145, 148, 151, 170, 182, 184. 
187, 192, 249, 285, 699, 700, 701, 754, 
766, 792, 797, 812, 848, 856, 868, 884, 
892, 905, 908, 917, 919, 923, 954, 980, 
1009, 1025, 1026, 1028, 1033, 1044, 
1053, 1054. 1061, 1064, 1073, 1105, 
1233, 1251, 1347, 1358, 1585, 1597, 
1598, 1618, 1625, 1635, 1643, 1650. 
1681, 1718, 1724, 1739, 1780, 1789, 
1812, 1814, 1816, 1826, 1828, 1829, 
1836, 1842, 1844, 1851, 1857, 1862, 
1871, 1877, 1878, 1885, 1888, 1893, 
1895, 1899, 1914, 1922, 2004, 2189, 
2208. Brigade, 250, 766,^ 848, 856, 
970, 992, 995. 1025, 1251, 1358, 1363. 
1367, 1369, 1571, 1948, 2001; losses. 
210; strength. 1125. Regiment, 110. 

Cloaks, 783, 864. 

Clochetterie, sec La Clochetterie. 

Clock, Jacob, Ensign, 1st New York, 
Letter to, 647. 

Clonard, , Chevalier de, Lt., French 

navy, commanding "La Diligente " 
frigate, Letter from. 2029. 

Closen, J. C., Louis, Baron von, Capt., 
regiment Royal Deux Fonts, aide to 
Rochambeau, 1736-1737 ; 

Closson, Josiah, Lt., British nary, Let 
ter to, 1549. 

Closter (Gloucester, New Jersey), 
1406, 1563, 1923; houses destroyed 
near, 1872; landing guards, 1479. 
1487, 1493. 

Cloth, 532; arrival, 322; baise, 840; 
broadcloth, 1479 ; buff and blue, 563 ; 
for coats, 474, 530; distribution 
partiality, 1279; duck, 567, 1803, 
1852, 1913; dyed. 313, 322, 2011; 
from France, 1758 ; offer, 567 ; order 
for, 1544; price, 1118; sail, 1458, 
1464; Scotch plaid, 193; seizures, 
337, 537, 546; stroud, 852; uniform. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2533 



Cloth Continued. 

820; for Washington, 845, 1311, 
2082; white, 783. See also Clothing. 
Clothier general, 424. 499, 156G, 1730; 
appointed, 1130, 1816; 

department. 585, 1215, 2221; 
arrangement and regulation, 1563, 
1592, 1643; charges and com 
plaints against, 585, 617; condi 
tions in, 1216, 1563; conduct of, 
2431; control of, 1133; inatten 
tion and neglect in, 693; informa 
tion of, 1573; pay and ration 
grievance, 2072; return, 1307; 

deputies- and subclothiers, 1742, 
1988; accounts, 1448; appoint 
ments, 1151; letter to, 1125; 
orders. 685; State, 1185, 2072; store, 
495. 650, 1282. Sec also Mease, 
James; Wilkinson, James. 
Clothing, 24, 48, 213, 227, 240, 244, 
246, 250, 251, 260, 262. 266, 273, 292, 
293, 294, 298, 300, 301, 310, 314, 316, 
319. 324, 331, 334, 337, 338, 339, 340, 
342, 345, 347, 349, 350, 353, 360, 361, 
375, 390, 391. 393, 424, 443, 454, 456, 
458, 461, 462, 467, 477, 481, 482, 490, 
495, 499. 504. 505, 510, 512. 520, 522, 
532, 536, 540, 544, 551, 554, 558, 563, 
591, 596, 605, 626, 641. 680, 697, 705, 
709, 721, 738, 755. 758, 774, 777, 784, 
787, 788, 790, 792, 797, 798. 810, 814, 
815, 816. 817, 818, 819. 820, 823, 826. 
828, 830, 831, 834, 836, 838. 839, 842, 
843, 845, 850, 854, 856, 859, 865, 866, 
876. 878, 883, 889. 896, 899, 901, 902, 
905, 907, 908. 909, 914, 915, 916, 926, 
931, 932. 938. 939, 940, 941. 943, 944, 
960. 966, 983, 1000, 1001. 1007, 1009. 
1016, 1019, 1025, 1027, 1028, 1031, 
1034, 1039, 1040. 1046, 1055, 1065, 
1068, 1101, 1103, 1122. 1124, 1132, 
1133, 1140. 1144, 1151, 1157, 1162, 
1168, 1173. 1178, 1183, 1185, 1187, 
1192, 1193. 1194. 1201. 1202. 1203, 
1205, 1209, 1218, 1227, 1231, 1239, 
1251, 1254, 1257, 1265, 1266. 1268, 
1270, 1279; 1281. 1289, 1290. 1291, 
1293. 1307, 1309, 1311, 1325. 1344, 
1354, 1383, 1385, 1411. 1494, 1583, 
1594, 1597, 1600-1601, 1610, 1611, 



Clothing Continued. 

1618. 1624, 1637. 1641. 1643, 1644, 
1645, 1649, 1651, 1652, 1655. 1660. 
1668. 1671, 1672. 1675. 1676, 1678, 
1683, 1690. 1706. 1723, 1729, 1732- 
1733. 1742, 1743. 1767, 1781, 1791, 
1796, 1833, 1845, 1854, 1860. 1863. 
1870, 1924, 1944. 1951, 1966. 2001, 
2005, 2009. 2015. 2018, 2023, 2024, 
2041, 2046. 2052. 2059, 2062, 2064, 
2071, 2072, 2081, 2092, 2130. 2168, 
2172, 2201, 2229. 2233, 2235. 2301. 
2307, 2309. 2318, 2323, 2324, 2325, 
2326, 2327, 2379, 2385, 2423, 2437, 
2444, 2447, 2460; accounts, 775, 780, 
1278, 1300; affairs delayed, 2011; 
agents, 266, 1566; applications, 747, 
964, 1104; allowance, 2385; appor 
tionment, 859, 1185; appraisement, 
792; arrangements, 1649; arrear 
ages, 1664, 1665: artificers, 735; 
bounty, 343, 1592; 

British, 1921; captured, 2013, 
2072; distributed to American 
troops, 315, 316, 523, 524, 2009, 
2013, 2072; dyed. 2009; safe con 
duct for vessels, with, 1126; 
shipped, 825; summer, 755; see 
also under Prisoners; 
burned, 2178; called for, 1756, 1860; 
in Canada, 19, 42, 45, 46. 63; cap 
tured from British. 13, 523, 524, 
1649, 1888, 1980, 1982, 1985, 2009, 
2013, 2072; care of, 964, 1191, 1638, 
2366-2367; cavalry. 511, 512, 540, 
553, 568, 586, 587, 1270, 1288, 2186; 
certificates, 2092, 2093 ; collection of, 
474, 489, 1945; color, 823; commis 
sary of clothing, sec Commissaries; 
complaints, 601, 900, 917; Congress 
and, 1583, 2008, 2072; for conva 
lescents, 459, 549, 555, see also under 
hospital; damaged, 1628, 1636; de 
ficiency, 641, 690, 783, 884, 909, 965, 
1104, 1167, 1216. 1257; delay of, 505, 
533, 983, 1006, 1830, 2096; delivery, 
790. 2027; demands, 458; depart 
ment, see Clothier general, depart 
ment; difficulties, 95, 251, 308, 325, 
326, 343, 416, 641, 670, 783, 953, 1254, 
1744, 1841, 2072; letter to the Di- 



1779 1780 1781 

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1782 1783 

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2014-2160 2312-2412 

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2534 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Clothing Continued. 

rector of, 771 ; disappointments. 
1730, 2093; distress for, 232, 345, 
1130, 1179. 1275, 1276, 1308, 1573, 
1636, 2000, 2085, 2188; for drivers, 
528; duck, 344. 439; dyed. 2009; 
from eastward, 459, 1600, 2064 ; esti 
mates, 293, 2059, 2327; from 
Europe, 786; expense, 2379; for 
warding, 459, 503, 558, 586, 594. 670, 
690, 697, 738, 746, 747, 748, 751, 753, 
761, 775, 777. 790, 805, 822, 828, 850, 
870, 960, 982, 999, 1019, 1102, 1112, 
1130, 1148, 1158, 1178, 1307, 1374, 
1377, 1404-1405, 1583, 1600, 1601, 
1614. 1615, 1630, 1706, 1766, 1769, 
1863, 1988, 2008. 2010. 2025, 2189, 
2317; from France, 777, 843, 1406. 
1408, 1444, 1629, 1632, 1643, 1672, 
1737, 1762. 1780, 2255; French, 775, 
823, 896, 907, 940, 1835 ; guard, 2353 ; 
hospital, 539, 905, 1581; impress, 
228; for Indians, 1228, 1254, 1685, 
1856, 2037; information, 1444, 1572; 
investigation, 698, 1205, 1206 ; issues, 
338, 339, 340, 341, 424, 459, 523, 524, 
585, 709, 775, 786, 823, 831, 850, 854, 
902, 904, 931, 967. 970, 1056, 1058, 
1092, 1103, 1125, 1135, 1138, 1151, 
1161, 1178, 1188, 1205, 1212, 1213, 
1265, 1279, 1352, 1481, 1563, 1600, 
1601, 1634. 1635, 1699, 1723, 1827, 
1977, 1988, 1993, 1994, 2009, 2011, 
2015. 2078, 2187; issue partiality, 
313, 338, 523, 524, 699, 775, 854, 1103, 
1205, 1206; jackets, 347, 1853; loss 
of, 278, 581, 670, 1835; magazines, 
1151, 1307, 1352; making, 748, 960, 
2015; management, 1643; material. 
290, 493, 2085 ; measures, 1566, 2054 ; 
for musicians, 2019; need, scarcity, 
want of, etc., 45, 107, 210, 277, 285, 
300, 312, 326, 330. 333, 334, 337, 343, 
345, 364,. 416, 437, 438, 449, 454, 468, 
480, 497, 517, 533, 560, 568, 582, 597, 
626, 689, 696, 698, 738, 749, 761, 792, 
817, 818, 820, 821, 833, 841, 850, 864, 
882, 885, 887, 888, 901, 908. 918, 937, 
952, 988, 994, 996, 997, 1013, 1015, 
1053, 1062, 1089, 1170, 1175, 1178, 
1183, 1185, 1194, 1203, 1204, 1206, 



Clothing Continued. 

1207. 120!), 1218, 1222, 1231, 1240, 
1243, 1259, 1261, 1265, 1272, 1280, 
1282, 1290. 1300, 1308, 1311, 
1339, 1352, 1360, 1365, 1366, 1371, 
1463, 1508, 1541, 1559, 1566, 1585, 
1594, 1600, 1602, 1608, 1614, 1615, 
1631. 1634. 1639, 1640. 1642. 1643, 
1652. 1666, 1671, 1677, 1685. 1689, 
1726, 1730, 1731, 1749. 1752. 1765, 
1768, 1776, 1778, 1835, 1855. 1870, 
1899. 1921, 1928, 1930, 1932, 1938, 
1966, 1971, 1974, 1975, 1988. 1992, 
1995, 2000, 2004, 2009, 2010. 2015, 
2022, 2025, 2035, 2037, 2051. 2055, 

2059, 2062, 2064, 2069. 20SO, 2093, 
2120, 2163. 2176. 2178, 2180, 2186, 
2241, 2251, 2255, 2260, 2274, 22S3, 
2285, 2291, 2292. 2424, 2433. 2439, 
2440, 2442. 2446, 2460; in Northern 
States. 266; notes for, 2092, 2093; 
officers . 95, 650. 752, 783, 817, 828, 
903, 1085, 1351, 1534, 1581, 2046. 2048. 
2058, 2092, 23U ; officers , noncom 
missioned, 786 ; for officers servants, 
1218. 1219; old, 828; orders, 819, 
2439; obtaining of. 1615, 1667, 1951, 
1802; pay for, 474, 607; price, 144, 
650; prisoners , 214, 541, 895, 1626; 

British, 530, 538, 544, 910, 1209. 

1468, 1596, 1597, 1637, 1888. 2036. 

2053, 2054, 2059, 2171. 22S2 ; 
Convention troops , 698, 700, 701, 712, 
759, 768, 770, 848, 898, 910. 911, 916, 
1596, 1597; Hessians, 175S, 1763, 
1804, 2036. 2161, 2171; proposal to 
furnish, 1891; prospects, 1560. 2021, 

2060, 2303, 2351 ; purchase of, 234, 
255, 500, 783, 1563, 1575, 1600. 1649, 
1748, 20S7; quality, 326. 774, 786. 

1670, 2015. 2026, 2244; record sys 
tem, 748; for recruits and drafts 
252, 299, 459, 972, 1289, 1613, 1668, 

1671. 2009, 2049; requisitions, 685; 
reserved, 2011; returns, 641, 690, 
784, 789, 790, 809, 823, 828, 905, 907, 
908, 937, 980, 996, 998, 999, 1012, 
1013, 1021, 1085. 1151, 1167, 1181, 
1193, 1194, 1208, 1265. 1351, 1352. 
1361-1362, 1584, 1600, 1635. 1640, 
1643, 1651, 1726, 1748, 1980. 2033. 



1775 1776 

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JANUARY-JUNE 1 60-137 

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1777 1778 

Pages Pages 

229-354 515-670 

354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2535 



Clothing Continued. 

2071, 2278, 22S2, 2323, 2415, 2440. 
2460 ; sale or disposal of, 1628, 1638 ; 
saved, 306; seizures, 238, 349, 363, 
375, 468, 536; for sick, 1975, 2015, 
see also under hospital ; situation, 
1566, 1575, 1752, 21 SO; size, 370; for 
Southern troops, 290, 1590, 1671, 
1808; from Spain, 1748, 1807, 1859, 
1863, 1884; State, 1151, 1444; in 
State clothiers hands, 2072; State 
issues, 1634; State quotas, 1223; 
States refuse to furnish, 1280; stop 
pages of pay for, 193 ; stopped, 466 ; 
storage, 786, 790, 896, 905, 947, 1085, 
1185, 2440; style, 786; suits, 783. 
786; summer, 937, 1257, 1362, 2064, 
2085, 2178; survey of, 1638; theft of, 
324, 2353; transportation, 747, 1196, 
1254, 1255, 13S5, 1408, 1583, 1602, 
1614, 1854, 1932, 2283, 2429, 2431; 
of troops whose enlistment soon ex 
pires, 1563; trousers, 169; under 
clothes, 2011; valuation, 482; vests, 
1602, 2000; presented, to Washing 
ton, 1162; in Western department, 
1448, 1575, 2422, 2426; winter, 1448, 
1559, 1566, 2064; woolen, 1257; for 
wounded, 457. See also Breeches; 
Coats; Overalls; Shirts; Tailors; 
Uniforms. 

Clough, Alexander, Maj., 3d Conti 
nental dragoons, 654 ; command, 633 ; 
conflict with civil authority, 751 ; 
directions to, 625 ; mission to Bor- 
dentown, 611; orders for, 232; his 
secret agents, 732; skirmish, 613. 
Letters and orders from, 624. 634, 

637, 650, 654, 715, 717, 724, 728, 736, 
738, 741, 746. Letters to, 625, 635, 

638, 651, 662, 705, 714, 721. Regi 
ment. 625, 633. 

Cloyd, John, 472. 

Cluggage, Robert, Capt., 1st Conti 
nental Infantry, 193. 

Clutterbuck, Christian M., Officer, 
British navy, 100. 

Clyde, Samuel, Lt. col., Try on county. 
New York militia. Letter from, 847. 

Clymer, George, of Pennsylvania, Let 
ters from, 1471, 1497. 



Coal, sea, 90; see also Charcoal. 

Coast, see United States, coast. 

Coates, John, Sailor, 974. 

Coats, John, Capt., llth Pennsylvania, 
688. 

Coats, 342, 474, 530, 532, 1602, 1654, 
1682, 1703, 2265; alteration, 2354; 
deficiency, 2072; French, 1178; oil 
cloth, 2377; waistcoats, 840, 1207, 
2401; watch coats, 1664, 2271, 2272, 
2283, 2316, 2423. 

Cobb, David, Lt. col. and aide to Wash 
ington, 1578, 1921, 2138, 2159, 2165. 
Letters from, 1818, 1875, 1878, 2152, 

2155, 2159, 2172, 2178, 2181, 2184, 
2185, 2195, 2434, 2446. Letters to, 
1877, 2159, 2178, 2242, 2246. Drafts, 
copies, etc., in handwriting of, 1731, 
1867, 1868, 1869, 1899, 1908, 1913, 
1922, 1924, 1927, 1929, 1937, 1939, 
1942, 1944, 194 5, 1957, 1967, 1975, 
1977, 1978, 2120, 2123, 2139, 2146, 

2156, 2157, 2162, 2164, 2169, 2187, 
2188, 2189, 2192, 2197, 2235, 2271, 
2370, 2375, 2380, 2386, 2409, 2425, 
2434, 2435, 2436, 2447, 2448. 

Cobble Hill (Long Island), 148. 

Cobble Hill (Massachusetts), 43, 44, 
60, 80. 

Coburn, Asa, Capt., 7th Massachusetts 
regiment, 797, 2329. 

Cocbran, John, Physician and surgeon 
general, Middle department; chief 
physician and surgeon; director 
general, military hospitals, 217, 955, 
1155, 1347, 1695; certificate of serv 
ices, 2410, 2423; charges against, 
356, 359, 363; court of inquiry on, 
359, 363; difficulty with Sullivan, 
358, 359, 360; on regimental sick, 
2119. Letters from, 243, 244, 356, 
1305, 1308, 1596, 2119, 2188, 2384, 
2410. Letters and instructions to, 
237, 359, 1111, 1598, 2150, 2422, 2423, 
2448. 

Cochran, (Mrs.) John, 955, 1111. 

Cochran, William, Lt., SargenVs Mas 
sachusetts regiment, 36. 

Cochran, , Loyalist, 249. 

COCHRAN, British merchant ship, 1989. 



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Coclirane (Cochran), Robert, Maj., 3d, 
It. col., 2d, New York regiments, 676. 
Letters from, 760, 1826, 1828. Let 
ters to, 1838, 1839, 2163. 

Cockran, , Boatswain, V. S. 8. 
"Alfred," 850. 

Codfish, see Fish. 

Cod fishery, see Fisheries. 

Coffield, Thomas (same as Cuffee?, Lt., 
Nova Scotia Volunteers, British 
provincial troops), 2222. 

Coffin, Thomas Ashton, 2371, 2372. 

Cogswell, James, Surgeon, Connecticut 
State troops, Letter from, 2076. 

Cogswell, Jonathan, jr., Col., New 
Hampshire militia, 201. 

Cogswell, Thomas, Maj., 1st., It. col., 
loth, Massachusetts regiments, 1200, 
1627. Letters from, 547, 1210, 1245, 
1269. 1272. Letter to, 1235. 

Cogswell, Thomas, Maj., wagon-mas 
ter general, 1552, 1595, 2173; report 
from, 2015. Letters from, 1594. 
2172, 2173. Letters and instructions 
to, 1594, 2170, 2308. 

COHANSEY, American flag of truce 
sloop, 2291, 2297. 

Coin, see Money. 

Coinage, see Money. 

Coit, William, Capt., Continental 
armed vessel; and Capt., Connecticut 
mdlitia, 40, 44, 47, 49, 51, 62 ; prizes, 
40, 129, 203, 914, 1136. Letter to, 35. 

Colburn, Andrew, Maj., 4th Contin 
ental Infantry; It. col., 3d New 
Hampshire regiment, 80. 

Colburn, Reuben, of Gar diner stone, 
Kennebec river, 13. 

Colchester (Connecticut), 1205,1208, 
1209, 1214, 1215, 1227, 1231, 1244, 
1623, 1628; cavalry removed from, 
1248; memorial of inhabitant on 
impossibility of supporting the cav 
alry, 1242. 

Golden, - - (Miss), 1189. 

Cole, Jesse, American spy, 1805. 

Cole, Thomas, Capt., 1st Rhode Island 
regiment, 1467. Letters from, 2059, 
2307. 

Cole, Thomas, Lt., J t th Massachusetts 
regiment, 2317, 2318. 

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Colerus, Chretien de, Brevet major, 
Continental army, 322, 335. Letter 
from, 309. Letter to, 323. 

Coles, Fort,, see Fort Coles. 

Colfax, William, Lt., 1st, 5th and 2d 
Connecticut regiment; in command 
of the guard at headquarters, 2162. 
Letters from, 1287, 1714. Letters 
and instructions to, 1934, 1944, 1987, 
2184. 

Colfleet, William, of Boston, 17. 

Collier, Sir George, Capt., British 
navy, Address to inhabitants of Con 
necticut, 1067. 

Collier, William, Lt. and secy., Maj. 
gen. Phillips, 1279, 1396, 2458. Let 
ter from, 847. 

Collins, John, of New Haven, 1097. 

Collins, John, Deputy commissary of 
military stores, 1719; arrested, 
1677; charge against, 1628, 1718: 
his against Cheever, 1657 ; his char 
acter, 1702, 1718, 1720; conduct, 
1747; escapes from goal, 1799: 
sentenced, 1755; trial of, 1641, 1707. 
1745, 1747. Letters from, 1553, 1718. 

Collins, Thomas, Lt. Col.. Delaware 
regiment, Letter to, 225. 

Collyer, Thomas Langley, 1818, 1839, 
1845. Letter from, 1844. 

Colonel Henry, see Killbuck. 

Colonel Louis, Indian chief. 1069. 

Colonels, 228, 231, 270, 271. 288, 433. 
1320, 1843; arrangement of, 1034; 
British, 893; candidates for, 370; 
commanding brigades, 2027; letters 
and instructions to, 269, 514 : list of, 
288, 2036; militia, 270. 1733; orders 
to, 270, 444; paroled, 2018; promo 
tions to 2366 ; rank, 271, 297 ; ration 
allowance, 2027; return, 1109. 

Colonies, condition of affairs in, 159; 
deluded, 164; feeling in, 255; hope 
lessness of, 432 ; men who have risen 
in, 873; misunderstanding, 172; re- 
luctance to break with England, 79, 
80; taxation of, 608; see also Amer 
ica, States and United States. 

Colony, John W., Conductor of mili 
tary stores, 1673. 

Colors, see Standards. 

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2537 



Colson, Jacob, Capt. 1st Georgia regi 
ment, 716. 

Colt, Peter, Deputy commissary gen 
eral of purchases, Eastern depart 
ment, 686, 687, 929, 1362; appoint 
ment, 472; undertakes service, 553. 
Letters from, 552, 686, 1027, 1232. 
Letters and instructions to, 468, 542, 
661, 834, 1292. 

Colton, Isaac, of Springfield, Massa 
chusetts, 2027. Letter from, 2023. 

Colvill, William, Formerly ensign, 
Royal Scotch Emigrants, 760, 761. 

Combahee Ferry (South Carolina), 
British advance to, 2209; see also, 
Chehaw Neck. 

Combs, George, Asst. Commissary of 
military stores, 202. 

Comegys, Cornelius, Commissary of, 
stores, 476. 

Command, 147, 388, 667, 965, 1535, 
1865, 2131, 2268; of the army, 886, 
1056, 1532, 1535; assignments, 2201, 
2208, 2238; disputes, 2164, 2202; in 
the north, 2018; numbers on, 2459; 
parties on, see Detachments; right 
to, 136, 138, 1838. 

Commandant, at West Point, 2437, 
2438. 

Commander in chief, see Army, Con 
tinental, commander in chief, also 
Washington, George. 

Commander in chief, British, see Army, 
British, commander in chief, also 
Carleton, Clinton, Gage, Howe. 

Commander in chief s guard, 259, 306, 
776, 1775, 1987. See also Gibbs, 
Caleb. 

Commanders, British, 2169. 

Commerce, 2397 ; between Holland and 
America, 2421; sec also Amity and 
commerce. 

Commissaries, 158, 500, 514, 658, 863, 
1449, 1662; for armed vessels, 33; 
arrangements, 1048; British, 488, 
729, 1626; business, 36, 221, 1137, 
1303; in Canada, 47, 77; civil suit 
against, 932, 945; change of, 199; 
clothing issued to, 1481; complaints 



Commissaries Continued. 

against, 507, 615; conduct, 859, 929, 
1066, 1197, 1198, 1199; contractors, 
2176, 2221, 2357 ; court of inquiry on. 
929, 1197, 1198, 1199; deputies, 552, 
863, 1198 ; disputes, 138, 868 ; fraudu 
lent practices, 906; French, 1294, 
1453; imprisoned, 813; inefficient, 
157 ; intelligent needed, 1870 ; to issue 
arms, 389 ; poor management of, 489 ; 
northern army, 158 ; needed , 402 ; 
negligent, 421, 607, 871; prepara 
tions, 986; refuse to allow quarter 
master to select beef, 2357 ; refuse to 
assist, 552; refuse to issue provi 
sions, 2351 ; reports, 1073, 1318 ; seiz 
ures, 507, 809, 838 ; stores, see Stores, 
commissary ; suspended, 1321 ; teams 
for, 395; traffic with enemy, 915; 
trouble with, 158; worthlessness- of, 
530. 

Commissary department, 153, 163, 459, 
528, 867; allowances, 67; arrange 
ment, 312; changes in, 1228, 1754: 
command dispute in north, 138; Con 
gress on, 561; delinquency in fur 
nishing supplies, 1101; difficulties 
and embarrassments, 483, 932, 1175, 
1516; disorder, confusion, irregulari 
ties, etc., in, 256, 258, 259, 279, 312, 
31 5, 428, 432 ; embezzlements in, 1351 ; 
employees, 67, 69, 477, 2102; French 
return of men belonging to, 1294; 
investigation of, 274, 867; laws to 
benefit, 1519; management of, 1228; 
misrepresentations of, 867; needs 
money, 1175; regulation of, 318, 362, 
545, 1342 ; state of, 482, 497, 501 ; see 
also under Commissary general. 

Commissary general, 421 ; see also 
Trumbull, Joseph ; Wharton, Car 
penter. Of Forage, assistants re 
sign, 1332. Of Issues, 392; see also 
Stewart, Charles. Of Military Stores, 
1707, 1768, 2008. Of Prisoners, 1569, 
1896, 2202, 2223, 2239 ; see also Bou- 
dinot, Elias; Skinner, Abraham; 
Smith, William Stephens. Of Pur 
chases, accounts, 1753, 1754; assist 
ants and deputies, 415, 468, 533, 1456, 
1753; plan for establishing, 260; 



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Commissary general Continued, 
transactions, 1754; vacancies, 552. 
553 ; see also Buchanan, William. Of 
Stores, 24, 98; see also under Com 
missary Department and under Com 
missary of. 

Commissary of Clothing, 1280, 1541; 
letters to, 699, 771. Of Forage, 1198 ; 
letter to, 1334. Of Hides, 1069, 1102, 
1160, 1471 ; letter to, 770. Of Issues, 
1308, 1310, 1661, 2398; assistants, 
628; contract, 2228; dismissal, 1308, 
1310; resignations, 1223. Of Mili 
tary Stores, arrangement, 2197, 2198, 
2225; employees, 1652, 1747, 2198, 
2233, 2234 ; see also Cheever, Ezekiel. 
Of Prisoners, 272, 276, 490, 920, 
1034, 1112, 1250, 1303, 1328, 1332, 
1808, 1813, 1927, 2132, 2138, 2204, 
2341; American propositions re 
specting, 1419; appointed, 637, 
1360, 1596; arrangement of, 1942, 
2249 ; authority for, 2192 ; British, 
782, 814, 1153, 1259, 1407, 1419, 
2239, 2341; complaint against, 
1112; deputy, 1034, 2131, 2139, 
2249, 2337; duties, powers, etc., 
282, 1419; French, 956; meetings, 
642, 868, 913; orders to, 1637, 
2364; powers and duties, 1577; 
requests directions, 1303; residing 
within the respective lines, 1407, 
1419, 1556, 1569, 1577, 1578, 1596. 
Of Provisions, 1221. Of Provisions 
and Forage, letter to, 1334. Of Pur 
chases, arrangement of, 2039; me 
morial, 750; returns, 915, 992; state 
of, 565; letter to, 617. Of Stores, 
1241, 2239. 

Commissions, 61, 127, 255, 261, 262, 
284, 320, 334, 360, 361, 395, 408, 485, 
551, 645, 742, 754, 831, 839, 842, 852, 
868, 869, 922, 938, 963, 1007, 1024, 
1043, 1092, 1093, 1094, 1134, 1139. 
1141, 1161, 1162, 1186, 1197, 1203, 
1206, 1212, 1226, 1256, 1277, 1281, 
1318, 1352, 1353, 1403, 1567, 1718, 
1793, 1804, 1843, 1856, 1858, 2122, 
2125, 2183, 2355, 2458; British, 1209, 
1553, 1560, 1819, 1837, 2132, 2328; 
dates of, 255, 1509, 1511, 1512; delay 



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Commissions Continued. 

in filling, 566; difference between 
State and Continental, 319; double, 
144, 153; field officers, 922; for In 
dians, 1005 ; mistakes in, 1256, 1277 ; 
in Northern department, 1, 2 ; of of 
ficers prisoners with the enemy, 551 ; 
resignation of, 1701 ; retention, 2048 ; 
subalterns, 1323. 

Commissions (money), 613, 1112. 
Commissioners, American, to superin 
tend British embarkation at New 
York, 2371, 2387, 2397, 2405, 2407. 
Letters from, see Benson and 
Smith, letters from, 2394, 2395, 
2397; and Benson. Smith and 
Parker, letter from, 2404; also Ben 
son and Parker, letter from, 2406. 
Letters to, 2387; 2399; of arrange 
ment, 780; British peace, see under 
peace, British infra; British to super 
intend British embarkation at New 
York, 2372; character of New York, 
1588 ; to adjust Convention troops ac 
counts, 541; for exchange of prison 
ers, 262, 544, 547, 563, 566, 570, 586, 
593, 868, 870, 966, 968, 2001. 2035, 
2045, 2052, 2094, 2198, 2219, 2242, 
2246; appointed, 581; arrangements, 
1264; escort for, 591; meetings, 276, 
279, 280, 569, 570, 579, 586, 587, 592, 
873, 944, 966, 967, 1256, 1264, 1267, 
1615, 2020, 2045, 2046, 2053, 2056, 
2058, 2061, 2063, 2065, 2071, 2224, 
2231, 2243, 2245; powers, instruc 
tions, etc., 2031; proceedings, 1272; 
proposals, 2024; residence of, 592; 
see also Prisoners, exchange negotia 
tions ; 

American, 607, 2063, 2073, 2074, 
2076, 2077, 2080, 2083, 2084, 
2087, 2240, 2245; appointment, 
2015, 2056, 2219, 2221; commis 
sion, 2070; correspondence, 2061, 
2065, 2245; instructions, 1270, 
2026-2027, 2056; letter to, 2101; 
objections and protest, 2243, 2244 ; 
opinion, 1279; powers, 266, 586, 
871, 972, 1269, 2026-2027, 2093, 
2240; propositions, 596, 607, 2070, 
2071; reports, 490, 593, 600, 879, 

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INDEX 



2539 



Commissioners Continued. 

1287, 2070, 2092, 2094; substan 
tiate Dalrymple s denial, 2085. 
Letters from, 1304, 2061, 2065, 
2069, 2070, 2083, 2085, 2094. Let 
ters and instructions to, 1270, 2057, 
2061, 2068, 2089, 2094; see also 
Heath, William, and Henry Knox ; 
British, 600, 607, 1209, 1287, 
2056, 2072, 2074, 2076, 2077, 2080, 
2083, 2084, 2087, 2241, 2245; ap 
pointment, 876, 961, 1209, 1256, 
1626, 2015, 2063, 2204, 2224, 2229 ; 
commission, 2070; correspondence, 
997, 2245 ; delay, 2061 ; disclaimers 
in Huddy case, 2083; guard for, 
2245; powers, 590, 611, 997, 2234. 
2240, 2243, 2244, 2245; proposi 
tions, 596, 597, 607, 997, 2070, 
2071; refuse to treat, 1278; re 
turn to New York, 2245; regret 
failure of negotiation, 2243 ; sur 
prised at objections, 2243; letters 
from, 2243 ; see also Prisoners, ex 
change ; 

Indian Affairs, 125; letter to, 
112; to deal with Cherokees and 
Chickasaws, 1740; to settle diffi 
culties in Jersey line, 1709; to 
discuss military matters with the 
British, 2154; from New England 
States to adopt a method of regu 
lar beef supply, 1872; 

peace, British, 82, 85, 657, 807, 
2108; appointed, 608; arrival in 
United States, 641, 642, 643, 645, 
647, 678; departure, 855; end of, 
816; at Germantown, 646; in 
structions, 83 ; petition to, 794 ; 
proclamation, 785, 790, 793; 
to adjust Pennsylvania enlistment 
terms, 1696; to see to fulfillment of 
articles of Provisional treaty, 2377. 

Committee of Cooperation, see Con 
gress, committees. 

Committee of officers, see Officers. 

Common law, see Law. 

"Common Sense" (Paine s), 69. 

Commons, House of, see Parliament. 

Communication, British line of, 452, 
457, 458, 1827; between Boston, 



Communica tion Continued. 

Providence, and the North River, 
1929; with Detroit, 2407; with the 
enemy, 1273, 1761 ; with Fort Schuy- 
ler, 2430; between Fort Schuyler 
and Schenectady, 2430; guarding 
lines of, 200, 917; interruption of, 
1698; with Long Island, 1658; be 
tween Morrisania and Harlem, 2283 ; 
with New Windsor, 1723, 1828; 
with Niagara, 2407; between Phila 
delphia and the British fleet, 457; 
over the Schuylkill, 457 ; water, 202, 
1897 ; between forces before York 
and Gloucester, 1966. 

Commutation, see under Pay ; Provi 
sions, contract; Rations; Rum; 
Subsistence; Supplies; Whisky. 

Companies, 715, 1235, 2383. 

Compensation, claim, 2451, 2452. 

Composition, see Prisoners, exchange. 

Compton, John, New Jersey? loyallist, 
2158. 

Comstock, Adam,. Lt. Col., 1st Rhode 
Island regiment, 447. Letters from. 
446, 449, 485. 

Conajoharie (New York), regiments 
to assemble at, 980, 1004 ; massacre, 
1472 ; raids on, 1447. 

Conajoharie River (New York), Brit 
ish ravages on, 1470. 

Conanicut Island (Rhode Island), en 
terprise against, 810. 

Conciliation, British efforts toward, 
601, 605, 629, 632, 638, 642; Carle- 
ton s instructions and powers, 2124, 
2130 ; Lord North s speech on, 608. 

Concklin, Cornelius, Capt., Long Island 
Sound whale boat, 1563, 1721. 

Concklin, , Ma/j., loyalist, 195. 

CONCORD, British merchant ship, 50, 
53, 

CONCORD, Privateer, 83. 

Condict, Silas, of Morristown, 222. 

Conductors, artillery, 934; brigade, 
955, 2209, 2210; of military stores, 
2154, 2170, 2188 ; of ox teams, 1767 ; 
wagon, 2038. 

Cone, Joseph, Commissary s clerk, 
Minisink, N. Y., 983. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



CONFEDERACY, U. S. skip of war, 1254, 
1820, 1835, 1887. 

Confederation, Articles of, 1735, 2156, 
2380; Maryland and the, 1709, 1724, 
1734. 

Confiscations, see Seizures. 

Congar, William, of Essex, Neiv Jersey, 
1256. 

Congaree River (South Carolina), 
British advance to, 1904. 

Congress, Continental. 53, 72, 93, 137, 
147, 151, 152, 177, 244, 250, 257,274, 
281, 426, 455, 465, 477, 480, 483, 499, 
501, 512, 591, 599, 609, 619, 644, 685, 
698, 710, 722, 725, 729, 795, 824, 839, 
845, 852, 874, 877, 879, 887, 902, 940, 
964, 966, 968, 979. 983, 984, 1106. 
1116, 1162, 1165, 1166, 1174, 1182, 
1198, 1208, 1254, 1268, 1290, 1293, 
1391, 1403, 1422, 1440, 1443, 1450, 
1525. 1538, 1548, 1555, 1564, 1566, 
1575, 1581, 1589, 1590, 1598, 1603, 
1607, 1614, 1634, 1648, 1649, 1661, 
1673, 1691, 1704, 1735, 1757, 1762. 
1765, 1772, 1790, 1801, 1804, 1805, 
1812, 1816, 1819, 1856, 1865, 1871, 
1898, 1926, 1930, 1963, 1984, 1997, 
2003, 2032, 2039, 2066, 2096, 2103. 
2131, 2134, 2140, 2153, 2166, 2179, 
2185, 2204, 2225, 2233, 2235, 2237, 
2247, 2250, 2255, 2256-2257, 2268, 
2277, 2287, 2319, 2327, 2328, 2336, 
2337, 2353, 2354, 2355, 2357, 2359, 
2362, 2364, 2369, 2389, 2400, 2402, 
2404, 2405, 2407, 2409, 2418, 2427, 
2431, 2435, 2437, 2438, 2439, 2447, 
2450, 2453, 2455, 2457, 2458 ; address 
to the people of England, 2 ; address 
of mutineers to, 1662 ; adjourns, 219, 
2449; allegiance sworn to, 988; 
appeals and applications to, 362, 
984, 1180, 2347; approvals, 1822, 
2436; attitude, 541, 563, 909, 987, 
1293, 2451; authority, 1841; British 
refuse to notify of evacuation of 
frontier posts, 2428; British stand 
ards sent to, 1692; circular letter, 
1234; 

committees, 1212, 1322, 2001; 
action, 987; complaint, 202; de 
sires Efruportail s sentiments on 

1775 

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Congress, Continental Continued. 

peace establishment of engineers, 
2435 ; opinion on garrison frontier 
posts, 2415; reports, 306, 707, 946, 
949, 980, 1476, 1477, 1572, 2290; 
requested by Lee, 251; requests 
presentation of Duportail s me 
morial, 2384; letter to, 886; 

arrangement of army, 769, 780, 
1347; letter from, 730, 731; letter 
to, 918. Canada, 29, 39, 47; let 
ters to, 101, 107; conference, 70, 
539, 723, 1525, 2335 ; letter to, 1673 ; 
cooperation, at camp, conference 
with Washington, at headquarters, 
etc., 33, 300, 562, 1298, 1301, 1306. 
1307, 1340, 1375, 1378, 1385, 
1410, 1467, 1476, 1477, 1497 ; letter 
from, 1411; letters to, 517, 1378, 
1409, 1449; inquiry into hospital, 
878; inquiry into Yorktown capi 
tulation, 1981; letter to Medical, 
1305; Marine, 1092; on regulating 
quartermaster s department, 2349 ; 
secret, 281 ; letter to committee to 
superintend quartermaster and 
commissary departments, 975 ; 
conferences with, 212, 1267, 2412; 
and the Convention troops, 500, 544, 
709, 1122, see also Convention troops ; 
correspondence with Washington on 
the Huddy case, 2104 ; criticisms and 
opinions of, 538, 990, 1509, 2413 ; de 
lay, deliberation, lethargy, etc., 281, 
643,- 649, 699, 981, 1252. 1290, 1736, 
2119, 2211, 2443; delegates, 1433, 
1530, 2265, 2312; delegates engaged 
in trade with the enemy, 1637; de 
mands on France, 1758 ; difficulties 
caused by, 650, 846, 981, 999, 1531, 
1581; disposition of, 1525, 1602; dis 
putes with Pennsylvania, 987, 2412- 
2413; dissentions in, 927, 1293; ef 
forts and exertions, 1260, 1994, 2005, 
2357, 2402; estimates furnished to, 
1525 ; expectations, 2156 ; factions in, 
431, 520. 576; failures and faults, 
244, 1649, 1785. 2029; fears British 
attempt on Philadelphia, 1958; gen 
erosity, 1140 ; impost act, 2422, 2436, 
2451 ; impractical suggestions of. 

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INDEX 



2541 



Congress, Continental Continued. 
1239; inability to supply wants, 
178G ; Indian chiefs visit, 964 ; intel 
ligence for, 169, 173, 175, 2236, 2239 ; 
intentions, 143, 276, 1254, 2393, 2431, 
2437; investigation, 332; jealousy 
toward, 2358, 2451 ; Journals of, 734, 
2059; manifestoes, 835; measures 
adopted, actions, authorizations, de 
cisions, etc., 23, 83, 125, 193, 212, 269, 
282, 283, 285, 318, 320, 383, 397, 431, 
494, 549, 581, 582, 587, 650, 686, 793, 
808, 889, 955, 980. 987, 1099, 1120, 
1149, 1152, 1237, 1332, 1339, 1342, 
1355-1356, 1437, 1467, 1476, 1496, 
1531, 1544. 1580, 1581, 1583, 1603, 
1643, 1700, 1714, 1752, 1784, 1788, 
1793, 1802, 1865, 1884, 2008, 2009, 
2033, 2046, 2122, 2137, 2147, 2148, 
2149, 2179, 2209, 2226, 2240, 2261, 
2308, 2309, 2317, 2354, 2368, 2377, 
2379, 2385, 2393, 2402, 2434, 2437, 
2439, 2442, 2445, 2448; see also un 
der resolves; mistakes, 311, 1839; 
negligence, 239, 987 ; navy board, see 
Navy; offers the America to France, 
2223, 2238 ; orders, 292, 388, 408, 419, 
604, 782, 1140, 1187, 1375. 1560, 1578, 
1721, 1784, 2034. 2294, 2412, 2414, 
2439 ; papers laid before, 896 ; perma 
nent seat of, 2442; permission to 
French consul to purchase supplies, 
1407 ; plans, 552, 814, 1242, 1706, pow 
ers, 1290, 1565, 2024, 2025, 2213; dele 
gates powers, 1, 234, 501, 1590 ; presi 
dent, 573, 1440; list of presidents, 
2037 ; proceedings, 80 ; promises, 
1226, 2025, 2127. 2130, 2401; remon 
strates against British carrying 
away property and negroes, 2399; 
representation in, 2415 ; requisitions, 
1407, 1603, 1625, 1885, 2025, 2053, 
2436 ; resolves, 61, 62, 64, 85, 126, 131, 
134, 139, 146, 155, 190, 207, 211, 232, 
236, 252, 292, 306, 307, 310, 311, 316, 
336, 340, 348, 368, 392,420,482,483,487, 
494, 501, 513, 518, 524, 525, 538, 542, 
545, 546, 553, 561, 568, 588, 590, 605, 
624, 639, 646, 649, 650, 693, 698, 707, 
710, 714, 720, 727, 743, 760, 775, 814, 
843, 844, 856, 864, 891, 901, 911, 934, 



Congress, Continental Continued. 
941, 953, 954, 981, 1022, 1062, 1124, 
1127, 1145, 1229, 1235, 1239, 1252, 
1253, 1260, 1272, 1285, 1294, 1297, 
1308, 1309, 1400, 1433, 1485, 1488, 
1504, 1531, 1573, 1581, 1592, 1603, 
1625, 1661, 1690, 1707, 1708, 1767, 
1803, 1804, 1838, 1850, 1865, 1945, 
1948, 1952, 1954, 1973, 1983, 1992, 
1998, 2005, 2029, 2187, 2196, 2198, 
2208, 2257, 2270, 2290, 2305, 2399, 
2401, 2415, 2416, 2436, 2441, 2445, 
2448; proposed resolves for, 2036; 
returns to Philadelphia, 256; secre 
tary of, 2104; secretaries of depart 
ments, see United States, secretaries 
of departments; sentiment in, 1287; 
State support of, 2358; thanks of, 

1017, 1983, 2423, 2440; threatens re 
taliation, 836; will of, 234. Letters 
from, 70, 907, 1867. Letters and me 
morials to, 19, 20, 22, 24, 29, 30, 31, 
32, 42, 45, 46, 48, 64, 69, 89, 159, 163, 
202, 225, 234, 251, 420, 426, 459, 517, 
631, 684, 715, 745, 790, 878, 907, 973, 

1018, 1089, 1190, 1249, 1278, 1333, 
1420, 1433, 1476, 1563, 1691, 1751. 
1752, 1765, 1795, 1796, 1803, 1828, 
1858, 1865, 1897, 1948, 1962, 2002, 
2024, 2079, 2153, 2256, 2264, 2303, 
2311, 2313, 2352, 2380, 2409, 2341, 
2460. 

Congress, at Brussels, 2148. 

Connecticut, 48, 111. 238, 242, 263, 
1070, 1073, 1177, 1397, 2178; ac 
counts with the army, 1300; adopts 
Congress recommendations, 1342 ; 
aid called for, 330, 1344; aid and 
assistance from, 85, 1323, 1327, 1336, 
1821; alarm in, 1374; armed boats, 
882; arms for, 317, 360; arms from, 
1424, 1425; artillery for, 317, 686, 
1081 ; beef, 306, 325, 1781, 1806, 1831, 
1845; beef prices, 1356; boats, 2122; 
boats plunder Long Island, 882; 
whaleboats, 887; bounty, 238, 240, 
271 ; British designs and expeditions 
against, 298, 1063, 1065, 1070, 1076, 
1077, 1344, 1378, 1644, 1735, 2097; 
cattle, 454, 1474, 1516, 1603, 1611, 
1795, 1799, 1887; cavalry in, 1246, 



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2542 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Connecticut Continued. 

1257, 1570, 1638; clothing, 917. 1104, 
1178, 1300; commissaries in, 932, 
945, 1321 ; committee to settle ac 
counts of the line, 2054; council of 
safety, 1780. 2078; damage done by 
enemy in, 1078 ; delinquency of, 628 ; 
deserters, 2078; dispute with Penn 
sylvania over Wyoming, 2294 ; equip 
ment from, 1651, 1785 ; 

executive, council, 289, 1488, 
1783, 1785; governor, 289, 1176, 
1359, 1783, 2314, see also Trum- 
bull, Jonathan; governor and 
council, 1781, 2159; 
exposed state of, 999 ; first in, 1845 ; 
flour, 853, 906, 1177, 1749, 1795 ; for 
age from, 1174 ; founderies and 
laboratories in, 236; French, 2d di 
vision quarters in, 1627, 1633, 1635; 
frontiers raided, 1344; hay, 1519; 
passage of Congress impost 2451 ; 

inhabitants, 1080; address to 
Gov. Trumbull, 2440; association 
formed to submit to British, 1750 ; 
British address to, 1067; evasion 
practiced by. 2127; fears of, 958: 
feeling among, 656; furnish sup 
plies to and trade with the enemy, 
1210, 1211, 1223, 1321, 1678, 2268, 
2272, 2346, 2354; helplessness, 
1067, 1068; protection of, 1069; 
refuse to furnish supplies, 1538; 
judiciary, justices of the peace, 
1839 ; superior court ruling, 1489 ; 

legislative, general assembly, 
302, 318, 1007. 1208, 1243, 1315, 
1816, 1831, 1873, 2033; general as 
sembly, acts, laws, measures, re 
solves, etc., 309, 318, 545, 560, 567, 
569, 640, 1246, 1248, 1253. 1321, 
1566, 1605, 1638, 1750, 1831, 1850, 
2040. 2127. 2143. 2147, 2440, 2451; 
adjourns, 1272; address to, 2440, 
2451 ; answer, 2451 ; letter from 
committee. 1292 ; energy of, 276 ; 
offended, 2147; jealousy against 
Congress, 2451 ; languor of, 2146 ; 
meeting of, 1727 ; refuses to ad 
just line accounts, 1872; House. 
2143 ; Senate, 2143 ; 



1775 

Tages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-60 



Connecticut Continued. 

lethargy in, 1243, 1321, 1706, 2078, 
2146 ; loyalists in, 1750, 1807 ; magis 
trates, 1321; ministers, 1839; money 
from, 1312, 1727, 2018; passports to 
enter, 1455, 2310; power, 2040; prej 
udice against Schuyler, 388; prices, 
1342; proclamation, 292; protection 
of, 1070, 1071. 1072, 1084; purchases 
in, 853, 1516, 1519, 2154; refused a 
detachment from the army, 1095; 
efforts to repudiate obligations to 
army, 2451 ; requisitions, 1887 ; roads 
in, 1107 ; rum, 1785, 1789, 1831, 1845. 
1870, 1885 ; salt from, 1801 ; seamen. 
160 ; scheme of, 541 ; seizures, 337, 
349 ; supplies, stores, provisions, etc.. 
238, 309, 658, 661, 1261, 1516, 1538, 
1727, 1742, 1747, 1783, 1824, 1873. 
1885, 1992, 2033-2034, 2040, 2152 
2153, 2154; surgeons, 324; tax and 
taxation, 2040, 2143, 2146, 2147; 

towns, 1638, 2299; circular "to, 
1783; supplies from, 1781, 1824. 
1887 ; troops from, 1799, 2078 ; 
treasury notes, 1460, 1464, 1465; 

troops, 60, 65, 68, 83, 324, 999, 
1030, 1263, 1274, 1673, 1747, 2033 
artillery, 1191 ; brigades, 284, 1076, 
1186, 1197, 1231, 1243, 2138, 2139; 
First brigade, 1344 ; Second brigade,- 
1419, 1805 : 

cavalry. 960, 1390; drafted from 
State regiments, 1408, 1409 ; joined 
with Sheldon s regiment, 1540 ; used 
as infantry, 1393, 1408, 1409; vol 
unteer light horse, 142, 147, -545, 
779, 796. 801, 804; 

clothing, 775, 790, 850, 854, 887, 
899, 900. 907, 953, 1125, 1276, 1749, 
1852, 2072, 2385 ; Convention troops 
route through, 829, 830; deserters, 
2078, 2134 ; detachment from, 1490 ; 
drafts, 1368; distress and suffer 
ing, 2067, 2134; enlistments. 48, 
720, 1191, 1310; formation, 2264; 
furloughs, 56, 2389 ; hats for, 899 ; 
hutting. 1197, 1628, 2056, 2271 ; in 
valids, 2137, 2333 ; jealousy of, 62 ; 
levies, 588, 1016, 1038, 1386, 1403, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2543 



Connecticut Continued. 

1506, 1624, 1628, 2374; light com 
panies, 1090 ; 

line, 1544, 1627, 1628, 1749, 1826, 
2112; accounts, 1872, 2054, 2063; 
arrangement of, 923, 943, 2125, 
2271; derangement, 2300; mutiny, 
2108, 2109, 2113, 2391; rank, 1159, 
1722; strength, 1310; spirit of, 
1676; uneasiness in, 2374, 2389, 
2391 ; see also under regiments ; 

militia, 294, 304, 396, 403, 407, 
427, 464, 693, 1374 ; activity, 1077 ; 
arrangement, 606, 2143; letter to 
brigadier generals of, 369; called 
out, 135, 369, 371, 385, 472, 1379; 
classes, 2143, 2146; cavalry, 1408, 
1409; conduct of, 400; conduct in 
opposing enemy, 1072, 1073, 1074; 
conduct in escorting Convention 
troops, 858, 860; difficulties with, 
397; discharged, 450, 1379; move 
ments, 224, 392, 1084, 1344, 1415, 
1649, 1912; needed, 304; officers, 
693, 1381, 2146; raising of, 2127, 
2146; service, 744; Washington 
thanks, 1077. See also Ely, John ; 
Sage, Comfort; Silliman, Gold Sel- 
leck; Storrs, Experience; Water- 
bury, David; Weld, Elias; also 
Wells, Levi; 

movements. 1, 1076, 1161, 1191, 
1243, 1609, 1627, 2188 ; mutiny and 
mutinous spirit. 1344, 2108, 2109, 
2113, 2134, 2391 ; needs of, 1306 ; 

officers, 963, 1275, 1299, 1300, 
1306, 1458. 1722, 1872-1873, 2139, 
2188, 2191. 2373, 2381, 2391; letter 
from 2138; letters to, 1943, 2134, 
2191; appointments, 209; arrange 
ment, 934, 969, 1714, 1719 ; brigade, 
2138, 2139; letter to commanding 
officers, 1231 ; letter to brigadier 
generals, 369 ; captains, 1722, 1728 ; 
letter to civil officers, 1943 ; letter 
to colonels, 269; disabled, 2012; 
field, 1126, 2302; lieutenants, 1714, 
1719; majors. 1722; militia, 369, 
693, 1381, 1839, 2146; need money, 
1299; 



Connecticut Continued. 

noncommissioned, 2373, 2374, 
2385, 2389; sergeants, 2107, 2112, 
2382, 2385; letter from sergeants, 
2385; memorial, 2389; pay, 1509, 
2372, 2381, 2382; petition, 589; 
rank, 1126, 1714, 1719, 1922, 2302; 
recruiting, 1469, 2070, 2077, 2081; 
remonstrance, 4, 20; retirement, 
1975, 1993; subalterns, 1922; sus 
pected, 2391 ; take leave of Wash 
ington, 2425 ; Washington s friendly 
sentiments for, 2426 ; 

parade ground, 2155; pay, 56, 
545, 1485, 2033-2034, 2040, 2373, 
2385; petition, 589; plundering 
by, 508; position, 269, 331, 1186, 
1197, 1544, 1622; private wounded 
by a civilian, 2208, 2209 ; privates, 
2112, 2115 ; quota of, 243, 289, 528, 
1243, 1566, 2040, 2143; recruits 
and recruiting, 69, 83, 279, 287, 
299, 343, 611, 988, 1016, 1108, 1290, 
1374, 1387, 1393, 1397, 1413, 1423, 
1447, 1469, 1505, 1605, 1727, 1728, 
1788, 1799, 1835, 1873, 2028, 2034, 
2054, 2063, 2127, 2147, 2159; re 
cruiting frauds and unfit recruits, 
274, 1721, 1722, 1723, 1727, 1731, 
1908, 2143, 2147; recruiting of 
ficers, 2077, 2081; reenforcements, 
1390; 

regiments, 318, 1038, 2411; com 
pletion or filling, 295, 302, 324, 964, 
1379, 1380, 2028, 2078; consolida 
tion, 1662; numbering of, 2279, 
2288, 2296, 2297, 2298, 2301; 
strength, 315, 347; Burrall s, 245; 
Douglas s regiment, see Douglas, 
William ; Elmore s regiment, see 
Elmore, Samuel ; Gay s regiment, 
see Gay, Fisher; Selden s regi 
ment, see Selden, Samuel ; Swift s, 
2427. First regiment, 283, 342, 878, 
2188, 2205 ; officers, 589, 2373 ; non 
commissioned officers, 2374; see 
also Butler, Zebulon ; Durkee, 
John ; Huiitington, Ebenezer ; 
Huntington, Jedidiah ; and Woos- 
ster, David. Second, 499, 572, 976, 
1031, 2161; officers, 4, 20, 969, 



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LIBRAE Y OF CONGRESS 



Connecticut Continued. 

2373; see also Sherman, Isaac; 
Swift, Heman and Webb, Charles. 
Third, officers, 1141, 2381; letter 
to officers, 2191; noncommissioned 
officers, 2374; see also Storrs, 
Experience and Wyllys, Samuel. 
Fourth, 2269, 2271; see also Dur- 
kee, John. Fifth, see Bradley, 
Philip Burr, Douglas, William and 
Waterbury, David. Fifth militia, 
204. Sixth. 342, 1541, 1546; see 
also Gray, Ebenezer; Meigs, Re 
turn Jonathan; Parsons. Samuel 
Holden. Seventh, see Webb, 
Charles ; 

requisition for, 2018; responsi 
bility for loss of Canada, 108; re 
turns, 1196, 1257, 1419, 2078, 2114 ; 
ruination of, 2067; shoes, 1749; 
suspicious of officers, 2391 ; un 
easiness, 2389, 2391; volunteers, 
147, 960, 1413, 1505; Wyoming 
company, 2016. For Connecticut 
troops, see also under Canfield, 
Isaac, John, and Samuel also 
Wadsworth, James, 
troops in, 267, 319, 325, 328, 358, 
1070, 1077, 1080; Washington s rep 
resentations to, 1780; willing to suf 
fer for the general good, 1084. 
Connecticut Farms (New Jersey), 
1222, 1275, 1326; skirmish at, 1358. 
Connecticut river, 958, 1176 ; boats and 
armed vessels on, 719, 963; British 
diversion up, 1289; exposed situa 
tion of inhabitants on, 1354 ; inhabi 
tants corresponding with enemy, 
2127; magazine on, 855; route into 
Canada, 938; stores, supplies, and 
provisions on, 838, 906, 944, 1139, 
1354, 1779, 1819, 1917, 2153; teams 
obtainable along, 2067. 
Connel, Daniel, Private, Thomas New 

York militia regiment, 188. 
Connelly, Thomas, 1631. 
Conner (Connor), Edward, Lt. and 
riding master, 3d Continental dra 
goons, 764. 

Connolly, John, Physician and It. col., 
Royal Foresters, 856, 884, 1792; ex- 

1775 

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JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER- _. _ 1-60 



Connolly, John Continued. 

change of, 1322 ; project, 1799, 1800 ; 
refugees embodied under, 1784. 
Letters from, 795, 1272, 1335, 2012, 
2036. Letter to, 824. 

Connolly, John (son of It. col. John), 
Ensign, Royal Foresters?, 17th f or 
44th f or 2d battalion of the 60th 
Foot, British army, 1335, 1355. 

Connolly, Michael, Lt., 5th, It. and 
paymaster, 1st New York regiment, 
363. Letter from, 2410. 

Connor, Edward, see Conner. 

Connor, Morgan, l/o/., 1st Continental 
Infantry; It. col., Hartley s Addi 
tional Continental regiment; col. and 
adj. gen., Continental army; It. col., 
7th and llth Pennsylvania regiment, 
288, 606, 1022, 1032, 1034. Letters 
from, 612, 976, 1015, 1183. Letters 
to, 614, 986, 1189. 

Connor, William, Ensign, 9th Virginia 
regiment, Letter to, 2017. 

Connor, , 187. 

Conquest of Canaan (The), poem, 568. 

Conspiracies, see Loyalists. 

Constitution Island (Hudson River, 
New York). 2231, 2232, 2252, 2403. 

Constitutions, English, 2125; of the 
States, 745. 

Consul, French, 2370; permitted to 
purchase supplies, 1407. 

Continental agents, see Agents. 

Continental Congress, see Congress. 

Continental currency, see Money. 

Continental Village (near Peekskill, 
New York), 766, 779, 799, 857, 1064, 
1089, 1192, 1495, 1908, 2129, 2261. 

Contraband, see Merchandise. 

Contractors for supplying the army, 
1279, 2159, 2399 ; letter to, 2147 ; see 
also Duer, William, and Daniel 
Parker, letter to, 2400; accounts, 
828, 2222. 2319 ; actions, 2067 ; agent, 
2088; attitude, 2228; bond with 
officers. 2114; bread furnished by, 
2135; to supply the British army, 
2366; claims against, 2238; commis 
sary, 2221 ; complaint of, 2178 ; com 
plaints against, 2057, 2112, 2167, 
2168, 2396, 2397; willingness to re- 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2545 



Contractors for supplying the army 
Continued. 

turn to original contract. 2400; de 
lay, 2127, 2446; duebills, 2117; dis 
pute, 2195; dispute over kidney fat, 
2067, 2081, 2087, 2111, 2117; failures 
to deliver supplies, 1999, 2155; flour, 
2117; issues, 2068. 2228, 2327, 2397; 
under martial law, 2068; meeting, 
2228; speculation in advance of 
money to army, 2398; nonpayment 
of money due to, 2178, 2215-2216, 
2222, 2228; orders, 2067; profit, 
2319; provisions, 2038, 2178, 2228; 
bad provisions, 2068, 2397; ration, 
2037, 2129, 2147; refusal to arbitrate, 
2067, 2100; retentions, 2320; danger 
in giving returns to, 2109; rum, 
2117 ; substitute for rum ration, 
2129; supplies furnished to, 2130; 
supply of West Point, 2102; trans 
portation of stores, 2426; use of 
public buildings, 2129; for West 
Point, 2082; whisky, 2155; withhold 
liquor, 2153. See also Duer, Wil 
liam ; Parker, Daniel & Co. ; Parker, 
Daniel, and William Duer; Phelps, 
Oliver & Co. ; Sands, Comfort ; 
Sands, Comfort, & Co.; Sands, Liv 
ingston & Co. 

Contracts, 522, 2093, 2117; accounts, 
2220; advantages of, 2026; allow 
ances, 2139; alteration, 2152; 
articles of, 2168; beef, 2105, 2117, 
2134, 2228; for blacksmith work, 
2032, 2042 ; breach of, 2057 ; British, 
for beef and wood, 2225 ; for cannon 
balls, 895; commissaries, 2176; com 
plaints and grievances, 2100, 2104, 
2108, 2113, 2116, 2134; deficiencies, 
2007, 2134; delays and difficulties, 
2026, 2067, 2073, 2110, 2133, 2235; 
disputes, 2067, 2082, 2100, 2108, 
2117, 2118, 2129, 2139-2140,2164, 
2165, 2166, 2214, 2398, 2399, 2400; 
arbitration of, 2048, 2116; arbi 
trators and referees, 2150, 2156, 
2157, 2232; arbitrators meetings, 
2154, 2235, 2238 ; method of settle 
ment, 2068. 2108, 2110, 2113-2114, 
2128, 2133, 2150; 



Contracts Continued. 

distinction of troops made by, 2113 ; 
embarrassments, 2229; epitome of, 
2168; failure, 2128, 2195, 2215, 2229, 
2276; flour deductions, 2116; forage 
supply, 2005; hospitals, provisions, 
2018; investigation, 2400; issues, 
2107, 2108, 2112, 2117, 2118, 2127, 
2139,2221,2319,2396, 2397, 2399; in 
spector of issues needed, 2100; 
irregular, 2397; for camp kettles, 
2360 ; neglected for Southern States, 
2017 ; officers opinion desired on, 
2084; return to original, 2398, 2399, 
2400; pay for, 1564, 2150, 2228; 
prejudice against, 2034; proposals, 
2220; history of, 2133; 

provision, 2001, 2005, 2075, 2081, 

2084,2087,2091, 2104, 2107, 2108, 

2112, 2127, 2133, 2139, 2166, 2167, 

2168, 2178, 2195, 2221, 2319, 2347, 

2396, 2397; abrogation of, 2228; 

abuses, 2399; agreement to, 2347; 

new assumption of, 2249, 2252; 

discontinuance, 2222; explanation, 

2352; prices, 2319; quality of 

issues, 2397; returns, 2292; 

ration, 2038, 2134, 2167, 2228, 2343; 

receipts, 2134 ; for repair of arms, 

1613, 1648 ; rum, excess charge, 2134 ; 

shoes, 2064, 2085; specie payment 

under, 2150, 2228; substitution, 

2117; survey, 2178; system, 2015, 

2127; terms of, 2118; uneasiness 

caused by, 2067, 2112; vouchers, 

2117; weights, 2100, 2112; whisky, 

2113. 

Convalescents, 451, 560; British, pris 
oners, 645, 2026, 2028, 2030, 2044; 
British and Hessian, 2182; British 
naval, 2346; clothing for, 549, 555; 
discharged, 216; duty, 661; French, 
2028; furloughs, 2048; prisoners, 
1988. 

Convention to adopt mode of supplying 
fresh beef to army, 1884 ; to estab 
lish regular system of supplies, 1^63. 
Convention of States, suggested, 1688. 
Convention troops (British surren 
dered at Saratoga ) , 459, 500, 524, 708, 
770, 785, 835, 842, 845, 857, 865, 879, 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Convention troops Continued. 

891, 903, 904, 910, 911, 979, 980, 1062, 
1274, 15G5, 1596, 2092 ; settlement of 
accounts, 530, 537. 541, 559, 588, 596, 
609, 610, 616, 621. 997, 1153, 1229, 
1579, 1615, 1669, see also Money ; ap 
plications from, 1122; baggage, 819, 
829, 840 ; barracks for, 865, 910 ; beef 
for, 1396 Z 1482, 1550; carriages for, 
830; charges against, 524; clothing, 
698, 700, 701. 712, 759, 768, 770, 845, 
848, 898, 910, 911, 916, 1596, 1597; 
command of, 777, 904, 910, 1201; 
complaints of, 928; conduct of, 524, 
660, 722, 841, 842, 1277, 1542; Con 
gress and, 544, 709, 835; damage 
done by, 537 ; delay of sailing, 635 ; 
desertions, 483, 642, 853, 857, 866, 

882, 922, 1316; disputes with Penn 
sylvania inhabitants, 833; distress 
of, 921, 1479, 1542; embarkation of, 
470, 483, 485, 492, 500, 501, 533, 541, 
542, 553; embarrassment caused by, 
535 ; enlistment in Continental army, 
606, 1179; escort for, 830, 837, 838, 
844, 851, 852, 853, 858, 860, 861, 862, 
863, 865, 867, 870, 880; exchange. 
524, 840, 845, 899, 902, 903, 904, 925, 
1212, 1279, 1367, 1497, 1548, 1565, 
1596, 1601, 1615, 1633, 1648, 1742, 
1941, 2459; expense, 1548; feeling 
against British Government, 819; 
firewood for, 499 ; flags hidden, 642 ; 
flour for, 502; fish, 1396, 1482; 
guards, 483, 553, 857, 861, 864, 877, 

883, 904, 938, 979, 1040, 1114; hard 
ships, 1396; imprisonment, 523; in 
quiry, 865; invalids. 459; manage 
ment of, 1154, 1192, 1202; marches 
and movements, 536, 584, 598, 815, 
819, 821, 823, 828, 829, 830, 835, 1632, 
1642, 1669; march routes, 829, 830, 
833, 844, 861, 864 ; march south, 806, 
808, 815. 819, 832, 833, 837, 838, 840, 
844, 855, 8t , 858, 860, 861, 862, 864, 
865, 867, 922, 938, 980, 1127, 1407; 
Maryland s attitude on, 1632 ; money 
for, 840, 845, 847, 912, 927, 928. 1127, 
1131; mutiny, 1114; 

oflicers, 524, 565, 624, 703, 828, 
860, 879, 881. 903. 905. 911, 984. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Convention troops Continued. 

1008. 1066. 1152, 1277, 1477, 1487, 
1597. 1648, 1910; ordered to 
Bethlehem, 1145, 1152; to go to 
Canada, 711, 712, 903, 1066, 1069, 
1097, 1120, 1126, 1132; conduct, 
660 ; correspondence of, 1302, 1597 ; 
exchange, 524, 559, 1164, 1302, 1565, 
1648, 1719, 1742, 1744, 1748, 1910, 
1916, 1941, 2459; exchanged with 
their corps, 904; list, 984, 1648; 
money for, 840; names, 1008, 1911, 
2459 ; paroles, 445, 487, 498, 499, 903, 
904. 1135, 1154, 1302, 1477, 1487; 
to go to New York, 860, 910, 1135 ; 
separated from men, 911 ; shot, see 
Browne, Richard. See also Ger 
man allied troops, officers; also 
Prisoners ; 

order to take arms, 912; paroles 
see Paroles ; patience of, 1542 ; 
pay, 770; policy toward, 470; pro 
visions for, 447, 459, 499, 530, 830, 
1422; quarters, 447, 483; removed 
from Virginia, 1632; rescue of, 555, 
823, 864, 1556; returns. 483, 487, 
770, 922; situation, state and con 
dition of, 911, 922, 934, 985, 1212, 
1272, 1274, 1396, 1407; status as 
prisoners, 899, 1805, 1814; supplies, 
provisions, stores, and necessaries 
for, 447, 459, 499, 520, 530, 536, 537, 
616, 720, 829, 830, 845, 909, 912, 916, 
919, 927, 928, 1126, 1131, 1153, 1277, 
1396, 1422, 1542, 1626, 1633, 1642, see 
also under accounts; swords cap 
tured from, 544 ; transports for, 500, 
502, 506, 570; treatment of, 523, 
1052, 1424, 1552, 1565 ; wine for, 898, 
1127. See also Burgoyne, John; 
German allied troops; Phillips, Wil 
liam ; Riedesel, etc. ; also Saratoga 
Convention. 

Converse, Thomas, Capt., 7th and 2d 
Connecticut regiments, 1142. Let 
ter from, 2304. 

Convoys, British, 1351, 1916: French, 
1791, 1862, 1878, 1922; arrival, 1857. 
1859, 1867, 1953. 

Conway, Henry, Capt., of Dutchess 
county, New York, militia f, 941, 957, 
968, 1010. 



1776 

Pages 

60-137 

137-229 



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Pages 
229-354 
354-515 



1778 

Pages 
515-675 
675-894 



INDEX 



2547 



Couway, John, Capt., 1st, ma/., 3d, It. 
col., 1st New Jersey regiment, 296, 
297, 308, 1386, 1387. Letters from, 
946, 1005. Letter to, 916. 

Con way, Thomas, Capt., French army; 
brigadier, inspector, and major gen 
eral, Continental army, 324, 428, 342, 
361, 402, 424, 425, 451, 454, 463, 514, 
529, 576; ambitions, 512, 513; ap 
pointment, 511, 523; his command, 
323; complaint, 409; enemies, 464, 
536 ; the Gates controversy, 543, 557, 
587, his letter to Gates, 457, 464, 497, 
518, 523, 534, 549, 552, 587; extract 
of the Gates letter, 549; introduced 
to Washington, 302; memorial of 
general officers against, 517 ; mis 
represents Greene, 576; opinion of 
Washington, 464; plan for instruct 
ing troops, 510; rank, 510, 513; re 
grets conduct, 692; resignation, 474, 
510; shot by Cadwalader, 678; 
Washington on, 513, 523, 534, 536. 
Letters from, 409, 428, 464, 474, 
510, 513, 523, 536, 692. Letters to, 
323, 324, 328, 464, 474. 511. 

Conway Cabal, 552, 587, 1195. 1283; 
see also Conway, Thomas. 

Cook, Charles, Master British Origan- 
tine "Dolphin," 2058. 

Cook, George, Private, New Jersey 
line, 2155. 

Cook, Jesse, Lt., Bradley s Connecticut 
State regiment, 1649. 

Cook, John. Lt. and regimental quar 
termaster, 1st Rhode Island regi 
ment, 1539, 1465, 1468. 

Cook, Lois, 1095. 

Cook, Robert, Capt., armed galley 

" Lady Washington," 190. 

Cook for Washington, 2443. 

Cooke, Joseph Platt, of Danbury, Con 
necticut, Letter to, 164. 

Cooke, Nicholas, Governor of Rhode 
Island, Letter to, 42. 

Cooke, Noah, Clergyman, Fishkill, 
N. Y., Letters from, 777, 818. 

Cooke, William. Col, 12th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 270, 527. 



Cooke, William, Capt., 3d Rhode 
Island regiment, 27. 

Cookhouse, 881. 

Cooper, Gilbert, Lt. col., New York 
militia, Letters from, 757, 761. 

Cooper, Samuel, Adjutant, Massa 
chusetts artillery, 2428. 

Cooper, Thomas, Clerk of Stores, 
British artillery, 46. 

Cooper, William, Town clerk, Boston, 
2057. 

Coopers, 640, 1506. 

Cooper s Creek (New Jersey), 636. 

Cooper s Ferry (Delaware river), 531, 
611, 639. 

Cooper s Point (New Jersey), British 
foray at, 609, 610, 625. 

Cooperage, 1510. 

Cooperation, British, 1154; coopera 
tion with British to prevent retalia 
tions, 2109; against Canada, 933, 
1543; committee, see under Con 
gress; at Fort Mifflin, 437, 442, 448. 

Cooperation with the French, 683, 684, 
686, 687, 689, 690, 692, 697, 700, 703, 
706, 723, 729, 731, 933, 998, 1112, 
1129, 1130, 1131, 1132, 1139, 1146, 
1147, 1150, 1151, 1156, 1157, 1159, 
1179, 1180, 1183, 1200, 1267, 1331, 
1337, 1340, 1341, 1347, 1356, 1362, 
1376, 1378, 1385, 1399, 1406, 1411, 
1428, 1433, 1435, 1543, 1560, 1640, 
1646, 1657, 1658, 1668, 1678, 1713, 
1717, 1723, 1724, 1725, 1728, 1734, 
1737, 1741, 1763, 1766, 1837, 1858, 
1878, 1920, 1921, 1957, 1978, 1979, 
1982, 1984, 2022, 2086, 2293 ; between 
Hamilton and St. Glair, 1278; in 
Indian expeditions, 801, 983, 992, 
1000, 1027, 1040, 1047, 1049, 1053, 
1055; with Indians, 1292; between 
Jefferson and Muhlenberg, 1325; be 
tween McDougall and Putnam, 915; 
militia, 1049, 1117, 1313 ; plans, 1766, 
1858 ; with Spanish, 1132, 1156, 1239, 
1262, 1639, 1662, 1668, 1671, 1673, 
1960-1961, 1967, 1991; between 
Steuben and Howe, 1425; supplies 
and stores for, 1348. 1376, 1378, 1385 ; 
United States ability in, 2086. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Coos (New Hampshire), 776, 877, 903, \ 
919, 935, 990, 1133, 1174, 1176, 1195, 
1197, 1198, 1199, 1219, 1228, 1231, 
1587; route into Canada, 196, 784, 
933, 938, 2067, 2459. 

Cooshocking (Ohio), 1292, 1298, 1357, 
1678, 1736; letters from Delaware 
councillors at, 1037, 1408; Delaware 
Indians from, 1761; fort at, 1678; 
Indian speeches at, 1002; Indian 
towns raided, 1761 ; Indians, see In 
dians, tribes, Delawares. See Cos- 
hocton. 

Copp, John, Capt., 1st Neiv York regi 
ment, Letters from, 924, 1019. 

Copp, Jonathan, Letter from, 1471. 

Copper from houses in Philadelphia. 
406. 

Copying press, see Letter press-copy 
machine. 

Coram (Oyster Bay, Long Island), 
1485; British hay and forage at, 
1599, 1600; attempt on forage at, 
1612; forage destroyed by Tall- 
madge, 1622, 1624. 

Corbin, Richard, 2360. Letter from, 
2342. 

Cordage, 234, 344. 

Coren, Isaac, Capt., independent com 
pany, Pennsylvania artillery; Flow 
er s artillery artificers, 906, 1016, 
1318. 

Cork (Corke), John, American spy in 
New York, 2227; furnishes intelli 
gence, 2236, 2248. Letters from, 
2253, 2265, 2281. 

Cork (Ireland), American mercantile 
agent at, 2339; 

British provision fleet from, 684, 
687, 814, 1462, 1531, 1556, 1568; 
anxiety for, 1541, 1583, 1606; ar 
rival, 716, 721, 724, 901, 1025, 1557, 
1574, 1580, 1592, 1621, 1806, 1873, 
2281, 2284: captured, 850, 897. 
1580, 1598, 1609; frigates to con 
voy, 1580; sails from New York, 
387; stores brought by, 1592; re- 
enforcements on, 1580, 2011 ; 
British fleet sails for, 911, 940; 
British reenforcements from, 1657, 
1864. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER- _ _ 1-60 



Corlear s Hook (New York), 1355. 

Corn, see Grain. 

Corn, Indian, see under Grain. 

Corne, Peter, Loyalist, merchant, New 
York City, 2205, 2213, 2214, 2218. 
Letters from, 2214, 2217. 

Corned beef, see Beef. 

Cornelissen, Michael, 1540. 

Cornell, Ezekiel, Lt. col., llth Conti 
nental infantry; brig, gen., Rhode 
Island militia, 722, 743. Letters 
from, 239, 737, 743, 2036. Letters 
to, 233, 245, 1061, 2037. Regiment, 
233. 

Cornets, 607, 891. 

Cornish (New Hampshire), Conven 
tion committee, Letter from, 877. 

Cornwall Precinct (New York), 1769. 

Cornwallis, Charles, Earl, Maj. and It. 
gen., British army in America, 279, 
283, 447, 495, 1132, 1746, 1909, 1941, 
1944, 1954, 1978, 2101; his ability, 
1899; anxiety of British over, 489, 
1637; arrival in America, 641, 642, 
1102 ; arrival at New York, 2321 : 
attempt against, 1868; order of bat 
tle against, 487, 488; baffled, 1795; 
British give him up as lost, 1955, 
1957; his official account of battle 
of Camden, 1457; correspondence 
with Germain, 1700; correspondence 
with Lafayette, 1909 ; detachment of, 
481 ; exchange, 2000, 2009, 2035, 2036, 
2037, 2041, 2045, 2092, 2181, 2182; 
goes to Europe. 2014; goes to 
New York, 1900, 1910, 1975, 1976. 
1978, 1979; Greene s retreat before, 
1753; humanity of, 1564; inquiries, 
1900; intentions, 1771, 1908; junc 
tion with Arnold, 1850 ; junction with 
Phillips, 1820; Lafayette s advan 
tages over, 1892; letters and de 
spatches intercepted, 1571, 1954, 1962, 
1973; money loaned to, 2024; move 
ments, 1695, 1712, 1740, 1829, 1831. 
1834, 1836, 1875, 1892, 1907, 1915; 
in New Jersey, 477. 480, 481, 489, 
491, 649; in North Carolina, 1741; 
officers to go to New York. 1975. 
1976; officers objections to parole, 
1980; passport to go to New York. 



1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2549 



Cornwallis, Charles, Earl Continued. 
1989; position of, 1729, 1796, 1870, 
1946; proclamations, 1725, 1740, 
1765; pursues Continental army, 
1362; pursues Morgan, 1740; rancor 
against, 19SO ; recalled to the United 
States by Congress, 2179; reenforce- 
ment for, 1583 ; relief and rescue of, 
1949, 1960, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1975. 
1984, 1985 ; reports of, 1614 ; retreat 
of, 1773, 1776, 1888; severity of, 
1496, 1564, 1580 ; in the south, 1753 ; 
in South Carolina, 1373, 1738; Steu- 
ben s plan against, 1787 ; strength of, 
1666, 1674, 1712, 1751, 1831, 1842, 
1870 ; succeeds Pigot, 789 ; surround 
ed ; 1752; 

the Yorktown campaign, 1914, 
1915; attack, 1940, 1956, 1964; 
blockade. 1940, prevention of es 
cape, 1943, 1950-1951, 1957, 1959, 
1967-1968; fortifications and in- 
trenchments, 1919, 1953; intelli 
gence from, 1970; the surrender, 
1928, 1976, 1980, 1987, 2042; the 
articles of capitulation, 1972 ; pro 
posal to surrender, 1970, 1971; 
terms of surrender, 1971, 1976; 
in Virginia, 1820, 1841, 1850, 1869, 
1899, 1909, 1914. Letters from, 334, 
336, 1496, 1946, 1971. Letters to, 
231, 252, 333, 336, 1970, 1971, 1974, 
1980. 
Cornwallis, Frederick, Capt., 33d Foot, 

British army, 1811. 
Cornwell, Jacob, Capt., British mer 
chant sloop " Three Brothers." 2310. 
Corny, Louis Dominque Ethis de, Com 
missary of war, French army in 
America, 1294, 1342, 1359, 1401, 1704. 
Letters from, 1388, 1439, 1628. Let 
ters to, 1399, 1646. 
Corporals, 1821. 

Correspondence, 1835, 2007, 2145, 2184, 
2192, 2194, 2214, 2245, 2287, 2322, 
2419, 2428. 2433, 2447; secret, with 
the enemy, 1876, 2023, 2079, 2091, 
2127, 2132, 2149, 2273; see also In 
telligence. 

Cortlandt, Philip Tan, Col., 2d New 
York regiment, 270, 335, 942, 1282, 



Cortlandt, Philip Van Continued. 
1680, 1938, 2075, 2395 ; his command, 
335; his expedition against Indians 
on the Delaware, 993 ; his Onoquaga 
expediton, 797 ; rank, 335, 339, 1025, 
1054; report on routes to Unaquaga 
and Tioga, 986, 987; scouting party, 
352. Letters from, 671, 817, 847, 
986, 993, 1935, 1936, 2145, 2396, 2454. 
Letters, instructions, and orders 
to 797, 832, 839, 945, 957, 968, 974, 
980, 1216, 1833, 1932, 1934, 2120, 
2162, 2206, 2214, 2391. Regiment, 797. 
817, 839, 968, 980, 1015, 1833, 1914, 
1934, 1935, 1936, 2162, 2206, 2214. 

Cortlandt, Pierre Van, Chairman, New 
York Committee; president, Nciv 
York senate, 68, 1565. 

Cortlandt, , Major, 836. 

Corunna (Spain), 1124. 

Coryell, John, Delaware ferryman, 
Letter from, 567. 

Coryell s Ferry (Delaware river), 331, 
339, 341, 661. 

Coshocton ( Goschachgung, Goschock- 
ing, Coshacking, on the Muskingum 
river, Ohio), 918, 942, 951. (Same 
as Cooshocking ? q. v.) 

Costagan, Lewis Johnson, see Costigin. 

Coste, , Physician general, French 

army .in America, Letter to, 2248. 

Costigin, Louis Johnson, Lt., 1st New 
Jersey regiment; American spy in 
New York over signature Z., 711, 945, 
948, 2074. Letters from, 876, 880, 
884, 890, 892, 2074. 

Cottineau de Kloguene, Denis Nicolas, 
Capt., French frigate "Ferdinand" 
Letter from, 558. Letter to, 591. 

Cottnam, George, Capt.-lt., 4th Conti 
nental artillery, Letter to, 571. 

Coudray, see Du Coudray. 

Council of British and Indians, 1689. 

Councils of general officers, 15, 142, 
163, 453, 1097, 2089; opinions, 2091, 
2098, 2110, 2143; queries submitted 
to, 2375 ; statement to, 2081 ; British, 
739, 1134. 

Councils of officers, 138, 851, 1631, 1672, 
1825, 2032. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Councils of war, 83, 309, 453, 604, 1289, 
1357 ; in Bergen county, 1510 ; at Bos 
ton, 2201 ; British, 681, 682, 739, 747, 
1416, 2052 ; at Brooklyn, 178 ; at Cam 
bridge, 2, 6, 15, 16, 23, 25, 29, 37, 66, 
75; at Charleston, 1333; at Char 
lotte, 1629; on board the Chatham 
galley, 471, 473, 478 ; at Crown Point, 
141 ; at De Chambault, 101 ; on Con 
tinental fleet in the Delaware river, 
448, see also on board the Chatham 
galley ; at East Chester, 241 ; at Fish- 
kill, 453 ; at Fort Edward, 372, 373 ; 
at Fredericksburg, 795, 807; French, 
1847, 1848, 1851, 1855, 1856, 1859, 
1860; French naval, 1955; at Ger 
man Flats. 402; at Guilford Court 
house, 1712; held by order of Con 
gress, 604; at Hopewell township, 
664 ; at Kingsbridge, 196 ; at Middle- 
brook, 341, 972, 1043; minutes re 
quested, 1712; at Morristown, 1288, 
1295, 1356 ; at Neshaminy camp, 402 ; 
at New Windsor, 517 ; at New York, 
134, 144, 184; New York militia, 
1589; opinions in, 473, 655, 657, 724, 
725, 726, 727, 796, 798, 800, 801, 802, 
803, 1098, 1099, 1100, 1291, 1293, 1377, 
1385, 1387, 1389, 1390, 1391, 1393, 
1394, 1418, 1516, 1517, 1518, 1519, 
1520, 1522, 1534, 1589, 1593, 1594, 
1595, 1600, 2108, 2148; at Peekskill, 
924; at Pennybacker s Mills, 425, 
450; at Pottsgrove, 424; at Preak- 
ness, 1589, 1590 ; before Quebec, 100 ; 
queries submitted to, 795; records, 
1899, 2043, 2047; Rhode Island, see 
Rhode Island, council of war; at 
Roxbury, 82; near St. Johns, 14; at 
Ticonderoga, 348, 358, 366 ; at Valley 
Forge, 610, 613, 651, 653, 654, 655, 
657 ; at. West Point, 1097 ; at White- 
marsh, 463; at White Plains, 203, 
694, 724 ; at Williamsburg, 102. 

Counterfeit money, see Money. 

Counterfeiters, death sentence, 785. 

Counterfeiting, 332, 784. 1194; to con 
ceal embezzlements, 1351. 

Countersigns, 1452, 2242, 2256, 2271. 

Country, see United States. 

County lieutenants, see Virginia. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Courage of French allies, 1771. 
Court of criminal law, 2152. 
Court, military, 945. 
Courts, 1180, 2247. 

Courts of inquiry, 15, 16, 112, 115, 118, 
133, 173, 198, 246, 258, 278, 294, 359, 
380, 436, 499, 524, 544 550, 572, 588, 
614, 622, 644, 646, 678, 683, 716, 732, 
741, 742, 766, 769, 808, 823, 824, 
834, 929, 939, 948, 967, 1075, 1131, 
1138, 1161, 1197, 1198, 1199, 1218, 
1227, 1238, 1256, 1262, 1263, 1271, 
1375, 1404, 1412, 1423, 1567, 1577, 
1578, 1579, 1582, 1607, 1628, 1629, 
1630, 1631, 1680, 1828, 1838, 1839, 
2012, 2059, 2155, 2175, 2178, 2196, 
2255, 2330, 2331, 2334. 2336, 2351, 
2366; address to, 2330; authority, 
2391; British, 2111; opinion, 1932, 
2391; proceedings, 1241, 1244; re 
fused information, 2391; report, 
2395, 2398. Letters to, 2330. See 
Hazen, Satterlee, Lloyd, and Lee, 
letter from, 2391; also Reid, James 
Randolph, letter from, 2391. 

Courts-martial (trials), 98, 109, 123, 
126, 127, 176, 186, 188, 189, 190, 192, 
193, 194, 196, 198, 199, 200, 201, 206, 
228, 230, 275, 279, 281, 286 287, 291, 
292, 298, 308, 318, 335, 341, 349, 371, 
376, 380, 385, 396, 402, 482, 543, 544, 
547, 549, 581, 586, 589, 591, 595, 624, 
644, 647, 648, 674, 676, 680, 686, 691, 
697, 699, 702, 707, 711, 736, 737, 741, 
745, 757, 761, 767, 773, 784, 793, 809, 
824, 830, 831, 836, 841, 846, 889, 895, 
901, 902, 903, 906, 923, 934, 941, 943, 
947, 959, 974, 975, 980, 982, 989, 991, 
993, 1004, 1017, 1022, 1050, 1051, 
1061, 1068, 1077, 1096, 1103, 1182, 
1192, 1195, 1200, 1202, 1205, 1211, 
1237, 1250, 1253, 1264, 1271, 1281. 
1285, 1286, 1288, 1313, 1315, 1354, 
1385, 1453, 1464, 1485, 1493, 1494, 
1497, 1498, 1572, 1596, 1598, 1604. 
1611, 1615, 1632, 1639, 1641, 1642, 
1662, 1668, 1680, 1681, 1682, 1701, 
1707, 1711, 1726, 1745, 1747, 1772, 
1792, 1801, 1805, 1814, 1843, 1845, 
1848, 1857, 1860, 1882, 1884, 1888, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2551 



Courts-martial (trials) Continued. 
1889, 1891, 1913, 1933, 1942, 1986, 
2003, 2004, 202G, 2027, 2029, 2033, 
2038, 2039, 2043, 2058, 2059, 2084, 
2091, 2097, 2102, 2103, 2104, 2107, 
2112, 2113, 2125, 2129, 2131, 2133, 
2135, 2142, 2152, 2154, 2155, 2168, 
2170, 2172, 2178, 2180, 2183, 2188, 
2189, 2190, 2191, 2209, 2210, 2235, 
2274, 2278, 2287, 2309, 2310, 2313, 
2318, 2325, 2341, 2349, 2361, 2364, 
2387, 2397, 2420, 2431; actions, 576; 
approved, 1811, 1815; authority for, 
541, 547, 1497, 1787, 1788; brigade, 
601, 2233, 2235; British, 2103, 2104, 
2140,2149, 2151, 2165, 2171, 2177, 2179, 
2181, 2183, 2197; capital cases, 580, 
592, 606, see also under punishment 
and sentences ; Challenges, 1043, 2041, 
2042, 2050, 2058, 2064, 2073 ; of desert 
ers, 622, 647, 2201-2202; difficulties, 
648, 2073, 2420 ; evidences, 2309, 2317, 
2318, 2330 ; necessity of an example, 
974; disapproved, 2119, 2235; garri 
son, 696; general, 49, 176, 541, 547, 
554, 593, 594, 595, 605, 612, 622, 1817, 
1818, 1819, 1837, 1839, 1876, 2027, 
2203, 2220, 2235 ; irregularity of, 621, 
630, 1274 ; conduct of judge advocate, 
2323-2324, 2330, 2341; jurisdiction, 
1835 ; legality, 547, 554, 593, 601, 614, 
1306, 1307, 2235; of loyalists, 2252; 
matters, 201, 996, 1144, 1325, 1452, 
1465, 1581, 1631, 1918, 2226, 2431; 
memorial on, 2338; militia, 1497; 
need of, 1348; negligence, 2109; ob 
jected to, 2148; opinion, 2310; per 
sonnel, 2039, 2041 ; precedents, 2330 ; 
proceedings and procedure, 555, 
1494, 1876, 2031, 2116, 2119, 2317, 
2318, 2341; publication of proceed 
ings, 1264; punishments, 299, 1657, 
2390; recommendation for mercy. 
1726; expunging of record, 1682; 
regimental, 2367; regulation of, 
2838 ; lack of general rules, 1711 ; 

sentences, 233, 253, 294, 295, 
310, 320, 399, 547, 567, 571, 722, 
785, 1065, 1076, 1115, 1217, 1497, 
1599, 1718, 1720, 1723, 1737, 1755, 
1784, 1801, 1811, 1820, 1912, 2032, 



Courts-martial (trials) Continued. 
2069, 2180, 2201-2202; approval, 
385, 614, 630, 1349, 1491, 1567, 
2085, 2097, 2103, 2191 ; capital, 580, 
592, 606; execution of, 374, 993, 
1811; remission of, 638, 648, 993, 
1343, 1727; 

testimony, 2003, 2314; witnesses, 
924, 1610, 1639. Letters to, 680, 2315. 

Cowboys, 1541, 1568, 2094. 

Cowles, Ezekiel, of Connecticut, 2122. 

Cowpens (South Carolina), battle of, 
1691, 1692, 1695, 1716, 1727, 1729, 
1737, 1776 ; account of, 1686 ; Ameri 
can officers in action at, 1685; 
British loss at, 1868; British stand 
ards captured at, 1692. 

Cows, 1446, 1501, 1521, 1522, 1526, 
1528, 1530, 1539; see also Cattle. 

Cox, Charles, Private, 601. 

Cox, Cornelius, Col. and asst. deputy 
quartermaster general, 256, 268, 272, 
276, 548, 552. Letters to, 286, 996. 

Cox, John, Col., depty. quartermaster 
general, 965, 1041, 1042. Letters 
to, 774, 1146, 1147. 

Cox, Richard, Capt., 2d New Jersey 
regiment, 2398. 

Coxswain for Washington s barge, 2369. 

Crackers, 1505. 

Craft, Benjamin, Lt., 19th Massa 
chusetts regiment, Letter from, 41. 

Craft, sec Boats. 

Crafts, Thomas, jr., of Maiden, Massa 
chusetts, Letter to, 54. 

Craig, Alexander, of Williamsburg, 
Va., Letter to, 2432. 

Craig, Charles, Lt., Thompson s Rifle 
regiment; Capt., 1st Continental In 
fantry and 4th Continental Dragoons, 
504, 538 ; accused of intercourse with 
enemy, 498; captured, 454; resigna 
tion, 20, 566. Letters from, 20, 463, 
473, 477, 479, 488, 489, 493, 494, 515, 
528. Regiment, 434. 

Craig, Isaac, Capt., 4th Continental ar 
tillery, 1720; rank, 948, 2044, 2049, 
2052, 2054, 2060. Letters from, 948, 
1786, 2044. Letters to, 1800, 2060. 



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Craig, John, Lt. and capt., 4th Conti 
nental dragoons, 364, 2001; rank, 

396, 397, 399, 597; resignation, 396, 

397, 399. Letters from, 397, 2001. 
Letters to, 396, 399. Regiment, 1313, 
1366-1367. 

Craig, Thomas, Lt. and quartermaster, 
Thompson s Rifle regiment, capb., 
2d Pennsylvania; It. col. and col., 
3d Pennsylvania regiment, 986, 1077. 
Letters from, 20, 1264. 1617. Letters 
to, 1265, 1616, 1620. 

Craik, James, Physician general, Con 
tinental hospital, 1399 ; assistance to, 
1365 ; commission, 334 ; on the cabal 
against Washington, 520; requests 
directions, 1370; efforts to establish 
hospitals for the French, 1369; per 
sonal matters, 316; on treatment of 
sick, 2119; zeal, 1388. Letters from. 
316, 520, 1360, 1370, 1596, 1957, 1975, 
2119, 2389. Letters and instructions 
to, 301, 1060, 1341, 1380, 1975, 2221. 

Craik, Mrs. James, 520. 

Crajenchot, J. A., Letter from, 2429. 

Crane, Jacob, Lt. col., Nciv Jersey mili 
tia, Letters from, 1646, 1663. Letter 
to, 1663. 

Crane, John, Maj., Knox s artillery, 
col., 3d Continental artillery, 95, 
2013, 2138, 2376, 2428; actions, 578; 
answers queries, 2087; charges 
against, 576; claims recruits, 2313; 
commission, 61 ; court-martial of, 
576 ; delay in obeying an order, 2099 ; 
rank, 581, 932, 946; refuses to make 
returns, 2030; retirement, 2442; 
thanked by Washington, 2137. Let 
ters from, 576, 946, 2030. Letters 
to, 53, 829, 932, 2099, 2137, 2156. 
Regiment, 3*54, 360, 1070, 1699, 1702. 

Crane, Josiah, Copt., New Jersey mili 
tia cavalry, Letter to, 1313. 

Crane, William, Maj., New Jersey mi 
litia, Letters from, 1502. Letters to, 
1499, 1532, 1619. 1620. 

Crane, hoisting, 1515, 1516, 1517. 

Crane s Mills (New Jersey), 1213. 

Cranetown (New Jersey), 1694. 

Crary, Archibald, Lt. col., 9th Conti 
nental Infantry; col., 2d Rhode 

1775 

Pages 

JANDARY-.TUXE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Crary. Archibald Continued. 

Island State regiment, Letters from, 
137, 858. 

Crawford, Bellamy, Deputy surveyor 
general. Continental hospital, South 
ern department, Letter from, 2015. 

Crawford, Valentine, Colonel, Letter to, 
237. 

Crawford, William, .Col., 7th Virginia 
regiment and Virginia militia, 1075, 
2124; death, 2368; missing, 2146, 
2160; personal affairs, 252; rank, 
1075 ; Washington s regrets for, 2169, 
2187. Letters from, 186, 252, 258, 
1075. Regiment, 267, 460. 

Credit, 246; of Continental money, 
1329 ; needed, 1236 ; of officers, 1329 ; 
rates, 1279; refused by inhabitants, 
1215. 

Credit, letter of demanded, 2096. 

Creditors, smoothing temper of public, 
1338. 

Cregier (Creiger), Thomas, Capt. 
armed schooner "General Putnam," 
103. 

Cresse, Lancelot, Comte de Turpin de, 
632. 

Crever, Thomas, of Warminster, Penn 
sylvania, 616. 

Crews, see Seamen. 

Crime, of British spies, 903. 

Criminal law court, New York, see 
Court 

Criminality of loyalists, 2158. 

Criminals, 902, 1792, 1888. 

Critteriden, John, Capt.-lt., llth Vir 
ginia regiment, 764, 1116. Letter 
from, 1140. 

Crockery, for Arnold, 1539; deficiency, 
2165 ; for Washington, 796, 921, 922, 
936, 937, 2188, 2200. 

Crofts, William Matross, 4th f Conti 
nental artillery, 1839. 

Crompond (New York), 216, 1476, 
1502, 1517, 1692, 1693, 1845, 1930, 
2212; British, raid, 1343 ; inhabitants 
captured, 2360. 

Crone (Cromer), Henry, Lt., 2d Penn 
sylvania regiment, 43. 

Crooke, Robert, Asst. deputy quarter 
master general, 2177. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2553 



Crooked Billet (Pennsylvania), Brit 
ish barbarity at, G15, 616, 620. 

Crops, 990, 1447, 1472, 1886. 

Crosbie, William, Maj., 7th Foot, Brit 
ish army; aide to Clinton, 1554. 

Cross, William, Capt., J t th Pennsylva 
nia regiment, 906. 

Cross, , of Cumberland Bay, 143. 

Cross Creek (Pennsylvania), Indian 
murders on, 1935. 

Cross Roads (Pennsylvania), 393. 

Crosswicks (New Jersey), 238. 

Crosswicks Bridge (New Jersey), 
skirmish at, 665, 666. 

Croter, Francis, Private, 21st Foot, 
British army, 372. 

Croton (New York), 1147, 1541, 1542, 
1667, 1929, 2332. 

Croton Bridge (New York), 209. 

Croton Point (Teller s Point, Hudson 
River), 1040, 1542, 1545. 

Croton River (New York), 755, 999, 
1829, 2215, 2290, 2314, 2327; British 
barbarity at, 1829-1830; officers 
killed and taken at, 1830; the sur 
prise at, 1829, 1834. 

Crouch, Timothy, British deserter, 
1758. 

Crown Point (New York), 133, 144, 
150, 177, 198, 2133; artillery and 
stores, 43, 50, 53; British advance 
against, 351, 840; British force at, 
834, 1606, 1807, 1809, 1826, 1839, 
1840, 1861, 2145; British retreat 
from, 204 ; defense of, 139 ; evacua 
tion of, 141, 142, 143, 148, 150, 157, 
158, 169, 170, 202; evacuation cen 
sured, 163 ; court of inquiry on evac 
uation, 173; fortifications, 132, 157; 
released American prisoners at, 
2421 ; retreat ordered to, 133 ; situa 
tion of, 153, 163; scouting party to, 
1855, 1873. 

Croxall, Charles, jr., Letter from, 480. 

Cruelty, see Barbarity. 

Cruise, Walter, Lt., 1st Continental In 
fantry; capt. 6th Pennsylvania regi 
ment, 239. 

Cruisers, American, see Privateers. 

Cruisers British, see Navy, British. 



C. T., alias of Capt. Thomas Johnson 
q.v. 

Cuba (West Indies), 1668. 

Cudworth, Nathaniel, Maj., Brewer s 
Massachusetts regiment and 25th 
Continental Infantry, 81. 

Cuffee, Thomas, see Coffield. 

Cullimore, Daniel, Letter from. 2393. 
Letter to, 2408. 

CULLODEN, British ship of war, Can 
non from, 1903, 1940. 

Cully, John, Loyalist?, 1884, 1888. 

Culpeper county (Virginia), letter to 
commanding officer of militia, 862. 

Culper, Samuel, alias of an American 
spy (Nathaniel Ruggles?) at Setau- 
ket, Long Island, 858, 870. 871, 895, 
910, 911, 951, 996, 1055, 1062, 1119, 1416, 
1431, 1528, 1540, 1559, 1566, 1570, 1574, 
1610, 1624, 1811, 1882, 1896, 2190, 2225, 
2227; arrest, 1050; captured, 1109, 
1153; caution, 856; channel of his 
intelligence, 856, 951, 983, 1359; 
chemical for, 1153; continuance in 
secret service, 1325, 1637 ; correspond 
ence, 887, 1242, 1336, 1394, 1418, 
1449; correspondence with Tall- 
madge, 1801, 1807, 1816. 1825; dan 
ger to, 972, 1173, 1181, 1272, 1300, 
1851, 1873; delay, 1136; delay of his 
reports, 856, 1272; difficulty in ob 
taining information, 1461, 1556, 
1820, 1837; economy, 974; effort to 
obtain intelligence, 1606; expenses 
and expense account, 862, 983, 1537, 
1710, 2415, 2425, 2434; fears, 825, 
1851; illness, 1409, 1439; informa^ 
tion lodged against him, 1050; in 
structions for, 1155, 2199, 2218; in 
telligence desired from, 1149; mat 
ter to be communicated to, 1345; 
meeting with Brewster, 1485, 1486, 
1558; meeting with Culper, jr., 
1181; meeting with Tallmadge, 881, 
983, 1314, 1562, 1574, 1608; money, 
927, 1057, 1399, 1486. 1525, 1710; 
offers to supply money, 1801; plan 
for breaking up tory post, 1773; 
plan for breaking up trade with the 
enemy, 1678; returns light-weight 
gold, 1570; returns French money, 



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Culper, Samuel Continued. 

1820 ; ride through the British lines, 
1624; safety of, 1136; sketch plan 
of fort at Lloyd s Neck, 1439; sug 
gests attempt on British cavalry, 
1583; -suggests deception scheme, 
1079; suggests surprising refugees 
on Long Island, 1558, 1598; suggests 
attempt on Setauket, 1498, 1520 ; sus 
pected by the British, 1837; value 
of his information, 911, 983; visits 
New York, 1439; warns against a 
spy, 1498; Washington pleased with 
his letters, 974; Washington s ques 
tions for, 1581; Washington s sug 
gestions to, 951. Letters from, 825, 
862, 877, 911, 927, 940, 972, 974, 995, 
1014, 1050, 1052, 1057, 1065, 1071, 
U079, 1109, 1111, 1113, 1134, 1153, 

1163, 1166, 1173, 1181, 1195, 1200, 
1263, 1272, 1274, 1300, 1312, 1314, 
1323, 1359, 1409, 1439. 1461. 1486, 
1498, 1525, 1537. 1556, 1558, 1562, 
1570, 1583, 1598, 1606, 1624, 1637, 
1648, 1678, 1710, 1751, 1797, 1820, 
1837, 1844. 1851, 1873, 1887, 2106, 
2164, 2238, 2344, 2415. 

Culper, Samuel, jr., alias of an Ameri 
can spy in New York, 1065, 1138, 

1164, 1166, 120o , 1274, 1362, 1431, 
1439, 1470, 1486, 1489, 1528, 1559, 
1570, 1574, 2190 ; arrangements with, 
1246; British suspicions of, 1111; 
business affairs, 1109; inability to 
answer, 1498; character of, 1528; 
chemical, for, 1079, 1169 ; continuance 
in the service, 1323, 1325, 1461, 1678; 
correspondence with, 1226, 1336, 
1394, 1418, 1449, 1470, 1489, 1583; 
correspondence with Tallmadge, 
1801, 1807; employment of, 1431; 
instructions, for, 1155, 2199; infor 
mation desired from. 1120, 1574; 
lacks information, 1570; meeting 
with Brewster, 1111; meeting with 
Culper, Sr., 1181 ; meeting with Tall 
madge, 1314, 1566; money for, 1151, 
1263 ; neglect of, 1300 ; in New York, 
1583, 1606, 1751; protection, 1079; 
qualifications, 1071 ; refuses to make 
written reports, 1797; services and 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Culper, Samuel, jr. Continued. 

reward, 1533; on the general situa 
tion, 1128. Letters from, 1063, 1079, 
1101, 1106. 1128, 1142, 1151, 1160, 
1166, 1171, 1193, 1210, 1272, 1284, 
1289, 1409, 1438, 1534, 1551, 1558, 
1570. 

Cumberland county (New Jersey), 
1227 ; magistrates, 1222. 

Cumberland county (Nova Scotia), ex 
pedition against, 316. 

Cumberland county (Pennsylvania), 
tory conspiracy in, 613; volunteers, 
1861. 

Cumberland courthouse (Virginia), 
1992, 2035. 2059, 2096, 2113. 

Cumming, John Noble, Capt., 2d; maj., 
1st; It. col., 2d New Jersey regiment, 
1814; court-martial, 2116, 2119; 
skirmish, 659. Letters from, 638, 
2058. Letter to, 2063. 

Cunningham, Henry. Lt., 2d Conti 
nental artillery, 1587. 

Cunningham, William, Provost-marshal, 
British army, 470, 484. 

Currency, see Money. 

Current, Daniel, New York loyalist, 
2098, 2099. 

Currystown (New York), Willett s vic 
tory at, 1891, 1893. 

Cushenshkee (Pennsylvania?), 1678. 

Gushing, Nathaniel, Capt., 1st Massa 
chusetts regiment, exploit, 1324, 1325. 

Gushing, Thomas, President, Massa 
chusetts council, Letter from, 1431. 

Custine de Sarreck, Adam Philippe, 
Comte de, Col., regiment Saintonge 
and l)rig. gen., French army in Amer 
ica, 1848, 1855, 1949, 2259; intro 
duced to Washington, 1611 ; presents 
china to Washington, 2188. Letters 
from, 2197, 2258. Letter to, 2188. 

Custis, John Parke, death of, 1992, 
1999, 2004, 2011. Drafts and copies 
by, 1966. 

Customs house, establishment of, 2017. 

Cutting boxes, 569. 

Cutts, Foxwell Curtis, 2293. 

Cuyler, Abraham, New York loyalist, 
Letters from, 1132, 1133. 1148. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2555 



Cuyler, Cornelius, Lt. col, 55th Foot, 
British army, Letters to, 1133, 1148. 

Cuyler, Jacob, Col., deputy commissary 
general of purchases, Northern de 
partment, 732, 928, 955, 1855. Let 
ters from, 956, 1516. Letters to, 
1516, 1862. 

Cuyper, Hendrick, Justice of the peace, 
Bergen count]/, N. ,/., 1283, Letter 
from, 1282. 

D. 

D., see W. D. 

Dabney, Charles, Lt. col., 2d Virginia 
regiment, Letter to, 914. 

Daggett, Naphtali, 1100. 

Dagworthy, Mary (Miss), of Trenton, 
New Jersey, Letters from, 1403, 1654. 
Letter to, 1670. 

Dallam, Richard, Deputy paymaster 
general, Flying camp, Letter from, 
224. 

Dalrymple, William, Maj. gen., British 
army, 2066, 2070, 2071, 2073, 2074, 
2075, 2076, 2077, 2080, 2083, 2084, 
2087 ; appointed exchange commis 
sioner, 2063; commission, 2070; his 
remarks concerning the Refugees, 
2085. Letter to, 2085. See also Pris 
oners, British exchange commission 
ers. 

Dalton, Tristram, Continental prize 
agent, 26, 35. 

Damages, see Depredations. 

Damas, Joseph Francois Louis Charles, 
Comte de, Aide to Rochambeau, 1643, 
1919. Letter from, 1644. 

Dana, Francis, Massachusetts delegate, 
Continental Congress, 562, 906. 

DAN.E, French ship, 2302. 

Danbury (Connecticut), 315, 394, 739, 
740, 749, 761, 851, 852, 854, 857, 960, 
1183, 1193, 1272, 1459, 1494, 1638, 
1732, 1733, 1759, 1806; British foray 
at, 303, 304 ; British loss at, 305, 346 ; 
bridge, 752; burned, 303; Congress 
report on loss at, 306, 307; clothing 
and blankets at, 931; loss at, 306, 
307, 308 ; officers killed at, 305 ; stores 
destroyed at, 304, 309, 311, 312, 316, 
318 ; removal of stores, 306. 



Dance of loyalists and New York 
militia, 2298. 

Dandridge, Alexander Spotswood, Capt., 
1st Continental dragoons, 775. Let 
ters from, 427, 651. Regiment, 543. 

Danforth, Samuel, Boston physician, 
2149. 

Daniels, Elisha, 1095. 

Daniels, James, Private, 3d New York 
regiment, 199. 

Daniels, , 1107. 

Danterroche, - , Ensign, 62d Foot, 
British army, 1206. 

Darbag, - - (Mrs.), Loyalist, 108. 

D*arby, Samuel, Maj., 7th Massachu 
setts regiment, Letters from, 1618, 
1875, 2145. Letters and instructions 
to, 1612, 1617, 1874. 

Darby, William John, Capt., 11 Foot, 
British army, 1258, 1266. Letters 
from, 1172, 1220. Letter to, 1205. 

Darby (Pennsylvania), 471, 502; Brit 
ish advance toward, 484, 498, 501, 
502, 503 ; British guard at, 548 ; field 
map of, 515. 

Darking, William, Sutler, 2d battalion, 
British light infantry, 2203. 2204. 
2205, 2207. 

Darrow, Christopher, Capt., 1st Con 
necticut regiment, Letter from, 589. 

Dartmouth (New Hampshire), 434. 

Dartmouth College. Indian students at. 
1254, 1275. 

Dauphin of France, see France, birth 
of a dauphin. 

Davenport, Abraham. Col., Connecticut 
militia. Letter from, 1918. 

Davenport, Franklin, Capt.. artillery, 
New Jersey militia, 594. 

Davids, Ebenezer, Chaplain, 9th Conti 
nental Infantry; 2cl Rhode Island 
regiment, 77. 

Davidson, Samuel, Capt., Bedford 
county, Pennsylvania, militia, 906. 
Letter from, 248. 

Davidson, William Lee, Lt. col., 3d 
and 1st North Carolina regiments, 
1128. Letter to, 883. 

Da vies. William, Lt. col. and col., 7th 
Virginia; col., 10th and 14th Vir 
ginia regiments; commissary of tvar 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Davies, William Continued. 

of Virginia, 980. 1037, 1721. 2123, 
2459 ; exchange. 997 ; powers to, 972 ; 
rank, 1280. Letters from, 477, 607, 
997, 1280, 1725, 1945, 1951, 2071. Let 
ters and instructions to, 602, 934, 
1022, 1203, 1313, 1757. Regiment. 
885, 887. 

Davis, Benjamin, 156. 

Davis. John, Col. and quartermaster 
general, west of the Susqiiehannah, 
613. 

Davis, John. Capt., 4th New York 
regiment. Letter from, 834. 

Davis, Joshua, Capt. and agent for fit 
ting out wJt ale-boats; deputy 6ar- 
rackmaster, Continental army. 4, 90. 
Letter from, 183. 

Davis. Peter. Constable, Somerset 
county, New Jersey, 939. 

Davis, Robert, Capt.. 1st Massachu 
setts regiment. 651, 680. 

Davis, William, 13. 

Davison, Joseph, Letter from, 134. 

Dawson. George. Capt., British navy, 
1704. Letter from, 1703. 

Dawson, Levi, Maj., 5th Norttt Caro 
lina regiment, 399. 

Day, Benjamin, Maj., Virginia troops, 
Letter to, 624. 

Day, Elijah, Lt., 7th Massachusetts 
regiment, 704. 

Day, Luke, Capt., 7th Massachusetts 
regiment, 704, 2313, 2353. 

Day. Theunis. Col., Bergen county. 
New Jersey, militia, Letter to. 1049. 

Dayton, Ebenezer, 1134. 

Dayton, Elias, Col, 3d and 2d Neiv 
Jersey regiments; Brig, gen., Con 
tinental army, 185, 270, 785, 790, 
1337, 1385, 1394, 1398, 1403. 1690, 
1709, 1893, 2011 ; course with muti 
neers, 1720: health, 1580, 1709, 1720; 
his intelligence work. 788, 1384, 1393, 
1403, 1823, 2047, 2054; kindness to 
Asgill, 2149; money needed, 170, 
1403; officers, 175; promotion. 1871, 
2319, 2325; proposed attempt on 
enemy, 1760, 1761 ; prudence of, 115 ; 
requests directions, 2170; resigna 
tion, 553. 568; his Staten Island 



1775 
Pages 

JANUARY JUNE 1 

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Dayton, Elias Continued. 

foray, 1761; his spies, 1337, 1574, 
1747; in Tryon county, 126, 130; 
Washington s implications, 2192 ; 
Washington thanks, 2041. Letters 
from, 109, 111, 112, 170, 180, 183. 
362, 553, 786, 789. 1300. 1323, 1330. 
1336, 1346, 1348, 1353, 1355, 1384 
1390, 1395. 1400, 1402, 1403, 1405, 
1411, 1541, 1691, 1694, 1695, 1720, 
1727, 1747, 1750, 1751, 1760, 1765, 
1774, 1779, 1784, 1792, 1821. 1833, 
1871, 1872, 1878, 1888, 1891. 1895, 
1902, 1906, 2011, 2020, 2033, 2043, 
2054, 2060, 2107, 2116, 2141, 2149, 
2150, 2170, 2192. 2322, 2382, 2395. 
Letters, orders, and instructions to, 
102, 106, 112, 113, 115, 180, 380, 388, 
390. 394, 395, 402. 531, 568, 1298, 
1333. 1337, 1347, 1348, 1384, 1393, 
1401, 1410, 1417, 1574, 1709, 1718, 
1720, 1722. 1727. 1728, 1761. 1762, 
1763, 1770, 1783, 1808, 1823, 1844, 
1860, 1874, 1877, 1886, 1888, 1891, 
1900. 1903, 1919, 1923, 1925, 1931, 
2008. 2016, 2020, 2026, 2029, 2041, 
2045, 2048, 2065, 2068. 2084. 2109. 
2111, 2119, 2128, 2137, 2142, 2143. 
2154, 2155, 2156, 2162. 2164. 2170, 
2184, 2191, 2206, 2319, 2364, 2369, 
2394, 2427. Regiment, 236. 385, 
386, 390, 394, 1313, 1314, 1331, 1346, 
1393, 1417, 1821, 1844, 1874, 1877, 
1886, 1891, 1902. 1903, 1919, 1923. 
1931, 2184, 2191. 2192, 2206; condi 
tion, 388; needed, 115; officers, 175: 
returns, 1823. 

Dayton, Jonathan. Capt.. 3d New Jer 
sey regiment, 2170, 2184, 2394, 2395 ; 
captured, 1599. Letters from, 1357. 
1384, 2095, 2115, 2119. 2123, 2161. 
2172, 2296. Letters to, 2096. 2098. 
2123, 2171. 

Deal (New Jersey), 856. 

Dean, Susannah (Mrs. Nicholas), 1510. 

Deane, Barzilla, 1583. 

Deane (Dean), Gilbert. Pilot, Capt., 
Long Island Sound icltaleboat?, 1805. 
Letter from. 1828. 

Deane, James, Agent and interpreter 
for commissioners of Indian affairs 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2557 



DeaDe, James Continued. 

in Northern department, 796, 895; 
extract of journal, 85 ; introduced to 
Lafayette, 1466; report on Indian 
country, 966. Letters from, 351, 678, 
786, 887, 947, 959. 963, 972, 1005, 
1010, 1019. 

Deane, Nicholas, Loyalist volunteer, 
84th regiment, British army, 1259, 
1263, 1301. 

Deane, Silas, United States commis 
sioner to France, 74, 81, 83; agree 
ment with Ducoudray, 184 ; defec 
tion of, 1568; departs from France, 
632; letter to Tallmadge, 2111; 
promises, 302; Washington s opinion 
of, 2117. Letter from, 411. Letter 
to, 87. 

Deane, William, Private, 2d Neiv Jer 
sey regiment, 2322. 

DEANE, Continental frigate, 2207. 

Dearborn, Henry, Lt. col., 1st New 
Hampshire regiment, 1876, 2065. 
Letters from, 2077, 2254, 2260. 

Death penalty, see Punishments, cap 
ital. 

Deaths, in hospitals, 539, 558 ; from in 
oculation, 2042. 

Deausenberry, John, 1284. 

Debasmarein, Recules, Letter from, 
277. 

Debeau, Mary, 174. 

Debts, due army, 2125; assumption of, 
241; British prisoners, 1305, 2350; 
contracted in Canada, 123 ; collec 
tion of, 2355 ; due the French, 1984 ; 
imprisonment for, 2456 ; of officer 
prisoners, 2344; payment of, 570, 
1214, 1441, 1989, 2125; the public, 
1214, 1440, 1441, 1989; of purchasing 
agents, 1202 ; of quartermaster 
agents and assistants, 1254, 1440; 
settlement of, 1440. 

Decabanes, , Letter from, 2456. 

De Chambault, see Chambault. 

Decker s Ferry (New York), 1379. 

Decker s Mills (New Jersey), 1229. 

Declaration to all ancient Frenchmen 
in America, 845. 

Declaration of Independence, 142, 143, 
432. 



Deer Island (Boston harbor), 10. 

Definitive treaty of peace (the), 2354, 
2357, 2358, 2381, 2417. 

De Forrest, Samuel, Lt., 5th Connec 
ticut regiment, 1994. 

De Haas, John Philip, Col., 1st and 
2d Pennsylvania regiments, 261, 
263. Letters to, 324, 328. Regiment, 
216, 260. 

D Hart, William, Lt. col., 2d New Jer 
sey regiment, 1578, 1884, 2020; 
rank, 1708, 1709; resignation, 2026. 
Letters from, 235, 380, 1038, 1222, 
1227, 1234, 1688, 1884. Letters and 
orders to, 612, 1206, 1217, 1223. 1228, 
1235. Regiment, 1206, 1222, 1223, 
1224, 1227, 1228. 

De Lancey (Delancy), James, Col., 
Westchester Refugees, British prov 
incial troops, 2326, 2398. Corps, 
2254; activity, 2123; attempts 
against, 1468, 1702, 1877, 1879, 2047, 
2315; concentration of, 1642; desire 
to know their chances of being par 
doned as loyalists, 2111 ; discon 
certed, 2111 ; exchange of his officers 
and men, 1535, 1916. 2144; ordered 
to lie still, 2108-2109; his patrol 
captured, 1729; position, 1895; pris 
oners taken by, 2375; fails in raid, 
2042 ; Jameson s skirmish with, 
1558; thefts by, 2355; watchfulness 
of, 1895. 

De Lancey (Delancy), John, 145. 

De Lancey, Margaret (Mrs.), 192. 
Letters from, 191, 1029. Letter to, 
1032. 

De Lancey, Oliver, Brig, gen., De 
Lancey s brigade, British provincial 
troops, 1119, 1128; address, 181. 
Letters from, 179, 184. Letter to, 
1119. Corps, 716, 336. 

De Lancey, Oliver, jr., Maj., and It. 
col., J7th Light Dragoons, aide to 
Clinton; adj. gen., British army in 
America, 1438, 1452, 2072, 2372. Let 
ter to, 1436. 

De Lancey, Stephen, Lt. col., 2d bat 
talion, De Lancey s brigade, British 
provincial troops, burns New Lon 
don, 1943. 



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1782 1783 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Delaware, 411, 462, 555; condition of, 
575 ; counties. 471 ; fails to act, 1828 ; 
forage supplies, 1346; government, 
555; inhabitants feeling, 555; in 
habitants supply provisions to 
enemy, 463, 471; laws intefere with 
flour supply, 1486; legislature, 555; 
lower counties, 471; requisitions, 
1603, 1621; added to Southern de 
partment, 1590; supplies and pro 
visions in, 1326, 1608, 1827; blocks 
transportation, 1486 ; 

troops, assembling, 2353; de 
serters, 522, 555 ; embarrassments 
of levies, 1918; health, 1318; 
militia, 255, 405, 406, 413, 508, 
512; militia captures provision 
shallops, 468; letter to command 
ing officers of militia, 1468, see 
also Neill, Henry, and Rodney, 
Caesar; 

officers, 231 ; arrangement, 2353, 
2359; commutation of pay ac 
cepted, 2370, 2411; deranged and 
retired, 2411; 

recruits and recruiting, 534, 
1603, 1608, 1929, 2202; regiment, 
534, 2353; First battalion, 231. 
DELAWARE, Continental frigate, 449. 
Delaware Bay, 1164, 1416, 1782, 2040, 
2045; British in, 337, 386, 509, 643. 
Delaware capes (Henlopen and May), 
332, 1672, 2302; British fleet off, 
382, 385; French fleet off, 1782. 
Delaware river, 226, 492, 531, 621, 632, 
839, 1032, 2053, 2054; army passes 
the, 1937, 1938; cutting banks of, 
435, 441, 452, 459; boats on, 265; 
British attack on forts, 462 ; British 
navy in, movements, etc., 435, 472, 
505, 506, 559, 564, 575, 576, 579, 587, 
599, 633, 636, 643; British to take 
post on, 1783; channel blocked, 435, 
487; chevaux de frise in, 436, 463; 
Continental navy in, 435; defense 
of, 218, 220, 344, 391, 392, 393, 407. 
428, 437; east branch tory and In 
dian settlements, 881; ferries, 235, 
257, 265 ; flour ship from, 1448 ; for 
age on, 550, 558, 574, 586 ; fords, 344 ; 
fortifications on. 959; 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY- JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Delaware river Continued. 

forts, British attack on, 462; 
defense, 481 ; reenforcements, 462 ; 
state of, 457. See also Billings- 
port. Fort Mifflin. Red Bank; 
French fleet to enter, 1444 ; French 
army passes, 1938; French troops 
embark on, 1930 ; galleys in, 574, 
577; guards, 218, 235, 257, 265; the 
Jersey shore, 475, 548, 558; mast 
cutting on the, 1233; measured by 
British spies, 292 ; naval engagement 
in, 432; obstructions, 435, 487; 
passes, 344. 348. 407; route to Ana- 
quaga, 957; route from Kingston, 
957; scouting parties on, 721; state 
of. 419; width, 303, 305. 

Delivan, Samuel, of Westchester 
county, New York, Letter from, 1446. 

De Long, , Sergeant, 1017. 

De Mott, Mark, Capt., Duboys New 
York levies, 2311. 

Demun, Hermanus, Loyalist, 743, 744; 
killing of, 729, 743, 744, 758. 

Dennett, John, Capt., 1st Neiv York 
regiment, 2175. 

Denning, William, Auditor of accounts 
for Neic York, Letter to, 2415. 

Dennis, James, Master, Continental 
armed vessel, 78. 

Dennis, John, of Bucks county, Penn 
sylvania, 545. 

Dennis, Patrick, Sea captain and pilot, 
142, 1407, 1414; remarks on naviga 
tion into New York and defense of 
Sandy Hook channel, 1390. Letter 
from, 1919. Letters to, 144, 685, 
1381, 1394, 1399, 1920. 

Dennison (Denison), Nathan, Justice 
of the peace, Westmorland county, 
Pennsylvania, 2165. Letter from, 
229. 

Denny, John, of New Haven, 39. 

Denny, John, Hudson river captain, 
1507. 

Dent, Hatch, jr., Lt., Smallwood s 
Maryland regiment, 594. 

Departments, civil : see United States, 
civil departments. 

Departments, staff; see Staff. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 5 15-675 

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INDEX 



2559 



De Peyster, Arent Schuyler, Lt. col., 
8th Foot, British army, 2421. Letter 
from, 2419. 

De Peyster, Pierre, Loyalist, Essex 
county, New Jersey, 2128, 2129, 2131, 
2142, 2143, 2149. Letter from, 2141. 

Depreciation, 234, 244, 414, 777, 911, 
979, 994, 1236, 1329, 1445, 1625, 1783, 
1828, 1900, 2228; certificates, 2064, 
2125; loss by, 2047; memorial on, 
408; of pay, 1519, 1668, 1669, 1684, 
1848, 2015, 2428, 2441 ; settlement, 
1684, 1701 ; of wages, 1653. 

Depreciations, damage by troops, etc., 
488, 1325, 1449, 1872; British, 990, 
1076, 1077, 1143, 1575; British and 
Indians, 2178; by Convention troops, 
537; frontier. 1309, 1614; by In 
dians, 998, 1352, 2077, 2091, 2176. 

Derangement of officers, see Officers. 

Derby, John, Captain, 216. 

Derby, Richard, jr.. Letter from, 191. 

Derby (Connecticut), 309. 

Derrick, John, 606, 612. 

Derueville, Chevalier de, French offi 
cer, 8. 

Deserters and desertion, 123, 125, 128, 
148, 153, 157, 1(55, 253, 261, 303, 328, 
337, 362, 368, 381, 385, 409, 429, 464, 
525, 535, 542, 545, 548, 554, 555, 557, 
580, 601, 647, 718, 725, 732, 750, 816, 
918, 961, 965, 972, 979, 1051, 1052, 
1066, 1089, 1091, 1098, 1101, 1215, 
1220, 1236, 1238, 1271, 1285, 1317, 
1339, 1348, 1352, 1364, 1365, 1450, 
1482, 1483, 1488, 1758, 1772, 1782, 
1786, 1787, 1796, 1807, 1876, 1889, 
1937, 2050, 2093, 2104, 2108, 2135. 
2139, 2140, 2168, 2178, 2183, 2329, 
2347 ; aided, 555, 1006, 2079 ; of boat 
crew, 1490, 1517; British induce 
ments, 1350, 1583; capture, appre 
hension, etc., of, 314, 332, 335, 516, 
522, 574, 654, 753, 765, 882, 904, 1006, 
1142, 1220, 1254, 1319, 1349, 1560, 
1721 1767, 1779, 2122, 2168, 2180, 
2182, 2308, 2315, 2316, 2318, 2320, 
2419; causes, 1308, 1339, 1615; from 
Continental navy, 435, 436, 442; 
court-martial of, 332, 594, 601, 622, 
697, 1105, 1184, 1285, 1286, 1805. 



Deserters and desertion Continued. 
2011, 2043, 2168, see also under pun 
ishments; disposal of, 1181; enlist 
ment of, see Deserters, British; ex 
changed, 1410, 2011, 2411-2412, 2420 ; 
French seamen, 2112, 2114, 2162, 
2226; guard against, 853, 2082; 
guard for, 2326; increase in, 215i, 
2155, 2172; intelligence from, see 
Deserters, British ; intentions, 2159 ; 
from the light infantry, 1790, 1794 ; 
militia, 238, 246; Maryland troops, 
1935; from Massachusetts troops, 
1488, 1690; from New England 
troops, 749, 836; from New Hamp 
shire troops, 1488, 2316; noncom 
missioned officers, 2151 ; from North 
ern army, 376; pardoned, 144, 232, 
285, 445, 481, 612, 984, 1325, 1344, 
1349, 1396, 1421, 1429, 1456, 1490, 
1718, 1777, 2022, 2024, 2027; from 
Pennsylvania navy, 436 ; from Penn 
sylvania troops, 168, 836, 837, 1484; 
prevention of, 256, 1201, 1791; pun 
ishments, 314, 545, 765, 980, 1006, 
1071, 1089, 1097, 1220, 1285, 1305, 
1336, 1792, 2019, 2172, 2202, 2326; 
capital punishment for, 260, 284, 321, 
785, 1074, 1317, 1474, 1483, 1484, 
1530, 2042, 2168, 2176; pursuit of, 
418, 1009, 1055, 1254, 2078, 2151; of 
recruits, 2059; return to army, 1805, 
2091, 2131; reward for, 1767, 1772; 
from Rhode Island troops, 1787, 
2245; risk of, 2251; of Southern 
troops, 2417; spirit of, 327, 979, 
1218, 1239, 1809; status of, 1480, 
2011; as substitutes, 615; suspected, 
1731, 2201; threats, 2134, 2153; 
from Tupper s corps, 2263. 

Deserters and desertions, British, 8, 
333, 507, 620, 642, 659, 660, 661, 684, 
666, 668, 670, 672, 678, 699, 705, 718, 
742, 759, 773, 794, 849, 906, 922, 1093, 
1363, 1402, 1555, 1580, 1856, 2010, 
2019, 2033, 2042, 2083, 2285, 2307; 
accounts of, 135; aided, 675, 1383; 
from Arnold s corps, 2022 ; captured, 
884; from Convention troops, 483, 
853, 857, 866, 1613; encouragement 
of, 1411, 2024, 2027, 2105 ; enlistment 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Deserters and desertions Continued, 
of, 11, 361, -547, 583, 584, 589, 599, 
608, 624, 626, 1457, 2123, 2172, 2231, 
2232; examined, 2135, 2285; for 
warding of, 497, 1093, 1124, 1463, 
1597, 2091, 2097, 2112, 2115, 2148, 
2310, 2320; Hessian, 162, 403, 530, 
660, 713, 1211, 1391, 1457; intelli 
gence from, 119, 135, 195, 213, 359, 
379, 380, 391, 396, 405, 410, 439, 514, 
545, 636, 659, 737, 746, 765, 772, 773, 
774, 779, 783, 811, 814, 815, 819, 821, 
837, 862, 893, 1051, 1124, 1137, 1397, 
1490, 1563, 1636, 1730, 1731, 1838, 
1958 ; loyalist, 2225 ; naval, 759, 775 ; 
pardoned, 897; payments to, 400; 
prevention of, 2411 ; punishment. 
1383 ; rewards for heads of, 1383. 

Despatch boats, see Boats. 

Despatches, 1138, 1645, 1649, 1671, 1824, 
1919, 1941, 1975, 1981, 2020, 2106- 
2107, 2276, 2394, 2411 ; delayed, 1020. 
2160; to Eastern States, 2408; for 
warding, 749, 1403, 1633, 1639, 1727, 
2192 2308, 2376; for France, 1791, 
1802; for the French, 1146, 1331, 
1448, 1866, 1870, 1922, 1944, 1974, 
1976, 2191; from France, 1472, 1824, 
2090-2091, 2163, 2180; to Havana, 
1577; peace, 2367, 2376; tampered 
with, 1602; 

British, 1296, 1338, 2111, 2196, 
2371, 2377 ; copies forwarded, 1847 ; 
intercepted, 1842, 1846, 1954, 1962 ; 
loyalist, 1842; from New York to 
Quebec, 1756; of peace, 2369; to 
Vermont, 2132. 

D Estaing, sec Estaing. 

Destouches, , Chevalier, Capt., 
French navy; brigadier des armies 
navales; commandant escadre du 
Ternay, 1745, 1814, 1834, 1848, 1855 ; 
commands French squadron, 1640, 
1647 ; conduct and services, 1737, 
1771, 1822, 1826; Congress request 
of, 1735 ; engagements with the Brit 
ish, 1752, 1766, 1768; expedition 
against Arnold, 1717, 1718, 1734 ; ex 
pedition to the Chesapeake, 1725, 
1726, 1733, 1737, 1741, 1743, 1752, 



Destouches, , Chevalier Contd. 

1761, 1818, 1826, see also Chesa 
peake Bay and Navy, French; opin 
ion. 1711, 1725, 1801 ; project against 
refugee boats, 1813; squadron re 
turns to Newport, 1752, 1766 ; Wash 
ington on his Chesapeake Bay suc 
cesses, and his services to America, 

1737. 1826. Letters from, 1640, 1645, 
1646, 1680, 1710, 1725, 1727, 1731. 
1733, 1746, 1752, 1786, 1801, 1822, 
1973. Letters to, 1647, 1691, 1728. 
1735. 1737, 1743, 1766, 1775, 1818, 
1826. 

Desumbrager, . French officer, Let 
ter from, 8. 

Detachments, separate commands, etc., 
13, 268, 269, 273, 384, 504, 507, 564, 
619, 663, 668, 880, 952, 1091, 1224, 
1245, 1251, 1256, 1269, 1295, 1326, 
1334, 1366, 1455, 1490, 1506, 1521, 
1562, 1609, 1667, 1669, 1673, 1674, 
1707, 1708, 1711, 1728, 1730, 1733, 

1738, 1753, 1760, 1763, 1771, 1772, 
1773, 1775, 1778, 1779, 1782, 1783, 
1796, 1820, 1827, 1828, 1842, 1848, 
1860, 1874, 1880, 1906, 1931, 1948. 
1969, 1982-1983, 2041, 2058, 2078, 
2170, 2274, 2280, 2288; advisability 
of, 1571, 1959, 2378; artillery, 1690, 
1776, 1787; for Boston, 793, 795; 

British, 1147, 1367, 1482, 1575. 
1660, 1753, 1783, 1808, 1825, 1847, 
1848, 1892, 2026, 2269; attack on, 
1035; positions of, 1478, 1624, 
1671; to suppress riots, 2439; 
for British frontier posts, 2429; 
cause confusion and discontent in 
army, 2079; cavalry, 509, 1447, 1986; 
to cover bakery at Chatham, 1927 ; 
to cooperate with French squadron 
in the Chesapeake, 1728; against 
cowboys, 1568; on the Croton river, 
1829; to cover country, 1568; de 
layed, 1702; disbanded, 1989; dis 
tress of, 1674 ; for Dobbs ferry, 1749, 
1830; on Eastern shore, 2027, 2071; 
French, 1735, 2011; French naval, 
1711, 1735, 1753, 1759; for guards, 
1068, 1385, 1821; to protect inhabit 
ants, 1381; against Indians, 1385; 



JANUARY-JUNE 

JULY-DECEMBER__ 



1775 1776 

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229-354 515-675 

354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2561 



Detachments Conti nued. 

inspectors with, 2029, 2031 ; invalids, 
1917; in Jersey, 1706; of light in 
fantry and light troops, 1717, 1718, 
1719, 1722, 1723, 1725, 1728, 1743; 
on the lines, 1027; of Maryland 
troops, 2335 ; of marechaussee, 2176 ; 
of Massachusetts troops, 1812, 1814 ; 
militia, 1906, 2101; movements, 
1222; against mutineers, 1675, 1676, 
1677, 1678, 1679, 1680, 1787, 1795, 
2410, 2411 ; New England troops, 
1815; New Jersey troops, 1815; first 
to enter New York, 2365; officers 
extra ration, 2041 ; orders, 542, 884, 
1261, 1272; plan of operations, by, 
613; provisions for, 2326; refused, 
1095; rejoin the army, 1536, 2081, 
2394; relief needed, 1366; returns, 
1238, 1518, 2095, 2113, 2122, 2195, 
2251 ; for the South, 1287, 1288, 1296, 
1297, 1480, 1714, 1737, 1752, 1796, 
1906, 1926, 1982, 1983, 1986, 1990, 
2046, 2059, 2065, 2180 ; sent to Stam 
ford, 2044, 2076; support of, 1241; 
for timber, 1524; transportation, 
1287; Virginia, 2215; Washington s 
dislike of, 1823; to guard Washing 
ton, 1533 ; to garrison western posts, 
2422; from West Point, 1523. See 
also Butler, Richard; Jameson; 
Lauzuii ; Lafayette ; Lincoln ; Porter, 
John; Posey; Pray ; Scammell ; Tall- 
madge; Wayne. 

Details, 791, 2006. 

Detchevery, Bertraml, 359. 

Detroit, 873, 1050, 1187, 1274, 1385, 
1407, 1567, 16SS, 2269, 2421, 2422, 
2440; American sympathisers at, 
1035; British at, 803, 1178, 1348; 
British and Indian council at, 1689 ; 
British command at, 1689; British 
expeditions from, 922, 942, 1535; 
communication with, 2407 ; capture 
of, 942, 1689, 1999; expeditions 
against, 646, 686, 691, 983, 1005, 
1035, 1157, 1178, 121.4, 1315, 1653, 
1739, 1800, 1837, 1854, 1999, 2007, 
2008, 2011, 2031; fortifications at, 
803, 995, 1178, 1251, 1627, 1631, 2230 ; 
French inhabitants, 1471, 1529; 



Detroit Continued, 
governor of, see Hamilton, Henry ; 
Indian move from, 912; intelligence 
from, 1157, 1298, 1574; protection 
of, 976 ; reduction of, 844 ; reenforce- 
ments at, 1035. 

Dewart, William, of Sunburn, Penn 
sylvania, 1325, 1327. 

Dewees, Thomas, Former barrack 
master, Philadelphia, 1725, 1726, 
1727, 1737. Letter from, 1725. 

Dewees, William, jr., Deputy commis 
sary general of forage, 419, 472. 

De Witt, Simeon, Geographer and sur 
veyor for the army, 1618. Letters 
from, 1619, 2392, 2400, 2451. Let 
ters, instructions, and orders to r 
1721, 1989, 2403, 2451. 

De Witt, Thomas, Capt., 3d New York 
regiment, 1214. Letter from, 1215. 

De Witt, William, New York loyalist, 
2426, 2452. 

Dewkesbury, , American spy, 5. 

Dexter, John Singer, Lt., Varnuiris 
Rhode Island regiment; It. and adj., 
9th Continental infantry; capt. and 
maj., 1st Rhode Island regiment; 
asst. adj. gen., 59, 2239, 2245, 2258, 
2259, 2260, 2262. Letters from, 2242, 
2245, 2260, 2265. Letters to, 2241, 
2258, 2259, 2263. Drafts and copies 
by, 2256. 

Dey, Theunis, Col., New Jersey militia, 
1382, 1384, 1423. Letter from, 298. 
Letter to, 300. 

Diagram, see Maps. 

Diaries, 2275, 2278; anonymous, 1366, 
1598. 

Dickens, Thomas, Private, 3d New 
York regiment, 194. 

Dickenson, Henry, Lt., 5th Virginia 
regiment, 547, 549. 

Dickenson, Richard, Private, Willett s 
New York regiment, 2396. 

Dickerson, Jonathan, Farmer, New 
Jersey, 892. 

Dickey, , Capt., Brunswick, New 

Jersey, whaleboat, 2040. 

Dickinson, John, President of Penn 
sylvania. 2270, 2297, 2413, 2416. Let 
ter to, 2413. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Dickinson, Philemon, Brig, and maj. 
gen., New Jersey militia, 168, 251, 
253, 633, 634, 635, 637, 638, 639, 642, 
662, 663, 664, 665, 666, 672; actions 
approved by Washington, 1681 ; co 
operation, 613, 666, 668; expedition 
against Staten Island, 489, 492; in 
telligence through, 223, 650; inter 
view with governor and council of 
New Jersey, 1360; junction with 
Sullivan, 346; manoeuvers, 613; his 
march, 422, 423, 492, 642; position, 
420, 428, 445, 446 ; precautions taken, 
259 ; skirmish with enemy, 657. Let 
ters from, 223, 250, 252, 259, 262, 
272, 346, 394, 400, 405, 418, 419, 420, 
422, 428, 443, 445, 446, 454, 455, 460, 
463, 473, 489, 613, 619, 621, 628, 633, 
635, 637, 640, 642, 645, 646, 649, 650, 
651, 654, 657, 658, 660, 661, 668, 670, 
671, 672, 674, 1360, 1369, 1676, 1697, 
1749, 1810. Letters and orders to, 
218, 238, 245, 255, 259, 271, 272, 399, 
405, 416, 422, 427, 443, 451, 458, 462, 
492, 614, 625, 629, 639, 640, 642, 643, 
649, 651, 652, 655, 657, 659, 660, 661, 
662, 663, 665, 666, 669, 672, 673, 1362, 
1429, 1681, 1689, 1740, 1830. 

Dickinson, Silvanus, Cornet, 2d Conti 
nental dragoons, Letter from, 951. 

Dickson, James, British deserter, 1363. 

Digby, Robert, Rear admiral, British 
navy, 2046, 2063, 2070, 2291 ; actions, 
2169; arrives at New York, 1953, 
1954, 1958; attempt to capture, 
2068, 2071, 2286; designs, 1980; let 
ters for, 2293 ; on peace commission, 
2108 ; exchange commissioners, 2244 ; 
passports from, 2282, 2310, 2329; 
squadron of, 1949. Letters from, 
2014, 2052, 2142, 2182, 2232. 2340, 
2359, 2372. Letters to, 2003, 2045, 
2139, 2185, 2337, 2360, 2370. 

DILIGENTE. French frigate, 2030, 2035. 

Dillon, Comte Robert, Col., regiment 
Dillon, French army, Letter from, 
1741. Letter to, 1755. 

Dimler, Henry, Lt., asst. quartermas 
ter general, Instructions to, 2418. 

Dimon, David, Lt. col., 6th Connecticut 
regiment, 342, 367. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Diplomacy, see Peace, treaty ; also 
United States, ministers. 

Diplomatic agents, see United States, 
ministers. 

Diriks (Dircks), Jacob Gerhard, Lt. 
col., Jfth Continental artillery, Let 
ters from, 1662, 1712, 1838. Letter 
to, 1726. 

Disabled soldiers, see Invalids. 

Disaffected, sec Loyalists. 

Disbandment of troops, see Army, 
Continental. 

Discharges, dismissals, etc., 14, 18, 20. 
21, 26, 27, 28, 34, 35, 36, 43, 49, 57, 128, 
135, 136, 1070, 1204, 1225, 1261, 1264, 
1425, 1486, 1538, 1539, 1612, 1613, 
1624, 1628, 1634, 1635, 1663, 1664, 
1665, 1667, 1668, 1674, 1683, 1684, 
1696, 1706, 1707, 1710, 171-L, 1726,1728, 
1731, 1754, 1756, 1758, 1975, 2032, 
2135, 2142, 2155, 2156, 2169, 2181, 
2199, 2201, 2209, 2210, 2238, 2306, 
2314, 2352, 2383, 2396, 2401, 2403, 
2404, 2406, 2417, 2433, 2434, 2438, 
2440, 2442, 2445, 2446, 2448, 2449, 
2451, 2459, 2460; applications for, 
977; approved, 2436; British, 2217. 
2431 ; ceremony at close of war sug 
gested, 2383; claims, 1727; at close 
of war, 2374 ; complaints, 1224, 1225. 
1932; demanded, 60, 61; enlisted for 
the war, 2374, 2391; exceptions 
from, 2448; form, 256, 1653, 1656, 
1696, 2383; fraudulently obtained, 
1704 ; to be used as furloughs, 2400 ; 
gradual, 2374; granting of, 529, 
1307, 2016 ; impatience for, 47, 2388 ; 
improper, 1854 ; indiscriminate, 
1653; levies, 1637, 1642; memorial 
for, 1316; method of, 1653, 1743; 
of militia, 1642 ; of officers, 205, 321, 
797, 2032; ordered. 1216, 2444; priv 
ates, 205, 1252, 1645, 2393; procla 
mation of, 2448, 2453; register of, 
2383; regulations, 1708; requested, 
1319, 1320, 2292, 2434; returns, 
1701, 2417. 

Discipline, obedience, etc., 3, 51, 243, 
324, 326, 398, 539, 611, 612, 885, 894, 
1192, 1218, 1266, 1267, 1270, 1272, 
1404, 1653, 2034, 2050, 2130, 2147, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2563 



Discipline, obedience, etc. Continued. 
2172, 2180, 2189, 2213, 2237, 2238, 
2290, 2324, 2378, 2428. 2450 ; attention 
to, 2238; compulsory, 1001; enforce 
ment, maintenance, restoration, etc., 
of, 1591, 1843-1844, 2020; in French 
army, 1265; laxity, subversion, and 
loss of, 525, 644, 2035, 2155, 2160, 
2174 ; marching, 324 ; measures, 1403 ; 
of militia, 2379; in peace establish 
ment, 2373; regulations, 940; state 
of, 1835. 

Discontents, disputes, dissatisfaction, 
etc., in the army, 58, 906, 1391, 
1786-1787, 1873, 1899, 1904, 2064, 
2079, 2081, 2093, 2130, 2150, 2358, 
2389, 2390; loyalist, 2255. 
Discount, contractors, 2100. 
Disease (epidemics), brought by By 
ron s fleet, 775, 776, 777 ; camp fever, 
328; among the cattle, 1980; fever, 
143, 144, 328, 2172; glanders, 812; 
among the horses, 1305; gout, 1684, 
2375; itch, 462, 480; measles, 2396, 
2429 ; at Niagara, 1352 ; palsy, 1215 ; 
scurvy, in Byron s fleet, 783, 784; in 
the French fleet, 1428; 

smallpox, 119, 123, 140, 152, 164. 
230, 240, 241, 243, 245, 247, 251, 
255, 259, 277, 279, 283, 292, 307, 
343, 359, 418, 419, 588, 594, 670, 
882, 1711, 1740, 1992, 2004, 2010, 
2014-2015, 2022 ; danger from per 
sons coming from Boston, 54 ; in 
Canada, 74, 87; fear of, 907; in 
valids, 1779, 2110; inoculation, 
107, 147, 907, 1758; measures 
against, 237 ; at Newtown, 237 ; or 
ders, 74; ravages, 147; spread of, 
2019; at Ticonderoga, 256; infect 
ed negroes sent out from York- 
town by the British, 1951. 
Dish-turners machine, 1471. 
Dishes, see Crockery. 
Dismissals, sec Discharges. 
Disorders, see Discipline ; also Mutiny. 
Distress, grievances, hardship, suffer 
ing, etc., 540, 545, 548, 904, 1214, 
1216, 1236, 1243, 1308, 1312, 1318, 
1368, 1652, 1661, 1666, 1717, 1734, 
1780, 1812, 1819, 1827, 1935, 2035, 



Distress Continued. 

2093, 2125, 2133, 2134, 2153, 2283, 
2316, 2401, 2404, 2415, 2423 ; for beef, 

548, 1306, 1343, 1346, 1779 ; for blan 
kets, 904 ; for bread, 1949 ; of Cana 
dian families, 1807; for clothing, 
345, 541, 1636, 2000, 2015, 2085, 2180, 
2188; for families of soldiers, 1820; 
for flour, 1491, 1622; for forage, 
1488, 2306; in the Highlands and 
West Point, 1332, 1780, 2068 ; caused 
by Indian raids, 1447; of inhabit 
ants, 787, 1564, 2293; for medicine, 
2188; memorial on, 1467; officers , 
1467, 1476, 1665, 2020, 2035, 2060, 2174, 
2311, 2354, 2401, 2418, 2460; oflScers 
prisoners, 2000; on Oswego expedi 
tion, 2348; pay, 1804, 2153; caused 
by high prices, 874 ; of prisoners, 
612, 1368, 2000, 2061, 2142, 2185; of 
prisoners on prison ships, 1710, 1731 ; 
British prisoners, 2026; Convention 
prisoners, 1396, 1479, 1542; Hessian 
prisoners, 1731, 1758 ; provisions, 542, 

549, 1454, 1457, 1574, 1815, 2111, 2139, 
2140, 2151; ration contract, 2134; 
from seizures of cattle, 698; for 
straw, 904; for supplies, 1342, 1916; 
for tents, 345; at Valley Forge, 526, 
546, 578; from Virginia legislative 
act, 2025 ; in Virginia, 1347 ; at West 
Point, see under Highlands. See 
also Discontents. 

Ditches, 500. 

D. L., see L. D. 

D. M., American spy, 2293. 

D. M., British spy, Letter from, 1436, 
1438. 

Doak, Benjamin, Sergt., Glover s Mas 
sachusetts regiment, 37, 40. 

Dobbs, William, of Fishkill, N. Y., sea 
captain and pilot, 687, 1414 ; opinion 
on forcing Sandy Hook channel, 
1390. Letters from, 685, 1531, 1676, 
1910. Letters to, 685, 1147, 1383, 
1394, 1399, 1526, 1908, 1911, 1934. 

Dobbs Ferry (Hudson river, New 
York), 1403, 1406, 1411, 1441, 1473, 
1886, 1891, 1893, 1905, 1925, 2128, 
2142, 2161, 2185, 2186, 2189, 2190, 



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Dobbs Ferry Continued. 

2196, 2233. 2242, 2263, 2283, 2288, 
2319, 2364; ammunition at, 2177; 
artillery, 1529, 2101; battery dam 
ages British ships, 1901 ; blockhouse. 
1731, 1830, 1874, 1876, 2101; boats 
at, 1898, 2164; British expedition 
against, 1749 ; British opposite, 203 ; 
British ships at, 311, 1901 ; command 
at, 2164, 2245, 2277 ; instructions and 
letters to commanding officer at, 
1562, 2238, 2268, 2279, 2339, 2340; 
commanding officer, see also Dexter, 
John Singer, and Pray, John; com 
missary of prisoners at, 2138, 2139, 
2364 ; conference of Washington and 
Rochambeau at, 1898; defense of, 
1737; detentions at, 2245, 2258; flag 
of truce post and flags received 
at, 2111, 2112, 2141, 2142, 2164, 
2203, -2240, 2258, 2276; fortifications 
at, 1448, 1476, 1926, 2297, 2300; 
guard and garrison at, 1560, 1623, 
1709, 1714, 2146, 2227, 2232; inter 
views at, 2258; letters received and 
passed at, 2228, 2240, 2265, 2267, 
2273, 2276, 2281, 2361 ; occurrences 
at, 2177, 2194, 2267, 2276, 2281 ; pick 
ets at, 2227; persons detained and 
passing at, 2227, 2258, 2265, 2273, 
2281; post at, 1406, 1695, 2261, 2273; 
property passed, 2273 ; relieved from 
investure, 1749; reports from, 2227, 
2250, 2258, 2265, 2267 ; stores at, 204. 
1476, 2177, 2224, 2232, 2239, 2245, 
2248, 2253, 2258, 2262, 2267, 2271, 
2275, 2280, 2384; troops posted at, 
1709. 

Doctors, see Physicians. 
Dodge, Israel, Private?, 4th Connecti 
cut regiment, 878. 

Dodge, John, information from Canada. 
844, 873; introduced to Washington, 
844. Letter from, 1910. Letter to, 
1035. 

Dodge, Richard, Capt., GerrisWs Mas 
sachusetts regiment, 56. Letters 
from, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 19, 55. 

Dodge, Samuel, Justice of the peace, 
Poughkeepsie, New York, 1885. 



Dodge, William, Private, Gridley s ar 
tillery, 60. 

Dolmage, Adam, Deputy commissary, 
British army, 1974. 

DOLPHIN, British merchant brigantinc, 
2058, 2059. 

Dominica (West Indies), captured by 
the French, 806. 822. 

Donop (Dunop),Carl Emil Kurt, Count 
von, Col., Yagers, Hessian troops, 
226. 

Dorchester (South Carolina), 2002, 
2040. 

Dorchester Heights (Massachusetts), 
seizure of. 81 ; works at, 37, 75, 77, 78. 

Dorrance, David, Capt., 5th Connecti 
cut regiment, 2185, 2188, 2190. 

Dorsey, Eli, Capt., 2(1 Maryland regi 
ment, 395. 

Dorsey, Richard, Lt., Jfth Continental 
dragoons, Letter from, 397. Letters 
to, 396, 399. 

Dorsey, Thomas, Capt., 4th Continental 
dragoons, 364. 

Doten, Thomas, Lt., Continental armed 
vessel "Harrison," 69. 

Doughty, John, Ma)., Morris county, 
New- Jersey militia; capt., 2d Conti 
nental artillery; fort-major at West 
Point, 93, 2229. Letter to, 582. 

Douglas, J , Lt. col.?, commandant, 

SaltonstalVs Connecticut brigade, 209. 

Douglas (Douglass), William, Col., 
Connecticut State regiment; col., 6th 
Connecticut regiment, 270. Regiment, 
207, 367. 

Douglass, Ephraim, Lt., 9th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1621. 

Douglass, George, Sergt., 1st New York 
regiment, 193. 

Douglass, Thomas, Capt.-lt., 4th Conti 
nental artillery, 2360, 2361. Letter 
from 948. 

Doune, Andrew, 142. 

Douw, Volckert Pieterse, Commissioner 
of Indian affairs, Northern depart 
ment, 125, 128, 1162. Letter from, 
112. Letter to, 106. 

Dover (Delaware), 561. 

Dow, Alexander, Lt.. Flower s artillery 
artificer regiment, Letter from, 504. 



JANUARY-JUNE 

JULY-DECEMBER 



1775 1776 

Pages Pages 

1 60-137 

1-60 137-229 



1777 1778 

Pages Pages 

229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2565 



Downing, Timothy, of New York City, 
American spy, 831. 

Downs, David, Capt., BurralVs Con 
necticut regiment, 125. 

Doyle, John, Capt., Independent Penn 
sylvania company, 273. 

Drafts, (of men), G48, 1387, 1414; arms 
far, G83, 1374 ; on line of army, 1978, 
1986; artificers, 2084; British. 1057; 
1071; from cavalry. 595, 1393, 1408, 
1409; collection of. 1368, 1554; efforts 
to dodge, 612 ; forwarding, 588, 1368, 
1442 ; in Massachusetts, 307, 310, 540, 
705; of militia, 624, 1358, 1409; ne 
cessity of, 276, 548. 1868; from New 
Jersey, 624 ; from New York, 641 ; 
payment of, 2048; return, 830; slow 
ness, 2196; success of, 2035; in Vir 
ginia, 355, 481, 576, 580, 1615, 1723, 
2036, 2071; of wagoners, 1388; for 
workmen, 807, 1424. 

Dragoons, see Cavalry. 

Drake, Francis Samuel, Rear admiral 
of the blue, British nary, 1846. 

Drake, Henry, Lt., Phillips New Jersey 
militia, 188. 

Drake, Samuel, Col., Westchcster coun 
ty, Ncio York, militia; commissioner 
to remove stock from reach of en 
emy; member, New York committee 
of sequestration, 499. 551. Letters 
from, 162, 1446. Regiment, 163. 

DRAKE, British sloop of war, 674. 

Draper, Aaron, 520. 

Draper, Jonathan, Private, Bond s 
Massachusetts regiment, 125. 

Draughts, see Maps. 

Drayton, William Henry, South Caro 
lina delegate. Continental Congress, 
address, 749. Letter from, 1703. 

Dress, sec Uniform. 

Drew, Seth, Capt., 2d Massachusetts 
regiment, 502. 

Drew, Zebulon, Ensign, 2d New Hamp 
shire regiment, 49. 

Drill, 2050, 2069, 2111 ; see also Regula 
tions. 

Driver, Joseph, Private, 33d Foot, Brit 
ish army, 292. 

Drivers, see Wagoners. 

Drover, 1315. 



Drowned persons, resuscitation of, 
1659. 

Drum-major, see Fife and drum-major. 

Drummers, 192, 2403. Letters from, 
171, 172, 194. 

Drums, 243, 2403. 

Drunkards and drunkenness, 605, 1687, 
2026, 2040, 2050, 2135. 

Drury. Jotham, Capt., Knox s artillery, 
216. 

Druykins, John, see Duychiuck. 

Drygoods, 609 ; for Washington, 1376. 

Dubois, Lewis, see Duboys. 

Dubois, Nathaniel, Justice of the peace, 
Paltz precinct, New York, Letter 
from, 1770. 

Du Bouchet, Denis Jean Forimond 
Lauglois, Marquis, Col. and deputy 
adjutant general, French army in 
America, Letters from, 1552, 2380. 
Letter to, 1591. 

Duboys (Dubois), Lewis, Col., 5th New 
York regiment, 270, 453, 961; rank, 
1015, 1025, 1054. Letter from, 174. 
Letter to. 166. Regiment, 162, 347, 
970, 2112. 

Dubuyssou, - , Chevalier, Lt. col., 
Continental army; aide to de Kalb; 
col., French army in the West Indies, 
1224, 1311. Letters from, 1500, 1541, 
1559, 1566, 1568, 1681. Letters to, 
1564, 1573, 1701. 

Du Caiiibray, J. L. Chevalier, Lt. col., 
engineers, Continental army, 1932, 
2290. Letters from, 559, 1930, 2193, 
2250. 2386. Letters to, 591, 2201, 
2253. 

Duche, Jacob, Episcopal minister; rec 
tor, Christ church, Philadelphia; 
chaplain, Continental Congress; 
chaplain, Lambeth orphan asylum, 
England, 433, 2422-2423. Letters 
from. 6, 432, 437, 2365. Letter to, 
2422. 

Du Chesnoy. see Capitaine, Pierre. 

Duck cloth, sec Cloth. 

Du Clos, Francis, Former It., 2d New 
Jersey regiment, Letter from, 846. 

Du Coudray. Philippe Charles Jean 
Baptiste Trouson, Brig., artillery 
French army ; Maj. gen. and inspec- 



1779 1780 1781 

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Du Coudray, Philippe Charles Jean 
Baptiste Tronson Continued. 
tor general of ordnance and military 
manufactories. Continental army, 
323, 332, 375; agreement to serve in 
America, 184; plan for defense of 
Philadelphia, 390. Letters from, 352, 
357, 375, 387, 393, 404, 405, 407. Let 
ters to, 346, 353, 365. 

Due DE CHARTES, British ship of ivar, 
2216. 

Dudley, , 1579. 

Duebills, sec Bills. 

Duels, 1331. 

Duer, William, Member, New York 
committee of safety; New York dele 
gate, Continental Congress; contrac 
tor for supplying provisions to 
northern army, 105, 112, 142, 599, 
2228; ability to perform contract 
2222, 2229, 2276; contracts, 2105, 
2117; proposal to furnish masts to 
the French navy, 1233, 1245 ; requests 
troops, 1253. Letters from, 247, 1233, 
2222, 2229, 2303, 2325. Letters to, 
2235, 2323, 2331, 2396, 2400, 2420. 
2430. 

Duer, William, & Co., Contractors for 
supplying provisions to northern 
army, 2229. Letters and orders to, 
2096, 2121. 

Duer & Parker, Contractors for sup 
plying provisions to the army, Let 
ter to, 2327. 

Du Failly, Chevalier, Lt. col., Conti 
nental army, 648. Instructions to, 
647. 

Duffey, Patrick, Capt.-lt., J t th Conti 
nental artillery, Letter to, 571. 

Dugan, Jeremiah, Col., Canadian 
forces, Letter from, 119. 

Duguid, John, of Charlotte county. 
New York, 6. 

Duilva, Joseph, Loyalist, 1453. 

Dulany, Mary, 2331. Letter from, 
2320. 

Du Maurony, Chevalier de Berruyer, 
Letter from, 182. 

Dunbar, William, Brig.-maj., British 
army, 45, 46. 



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Pages 

JANUARY- JUNE 1 

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Duncan. David, Asst. deputy quarter 
master, Western department, arrest 
and trial, 1813, 1878, 1925, 2038; 
charges against, 1813, 1874, 1876, 
1925. Letter from, 1925. 

Duncan, Hblton, see Dunham. 

Duncan, James, Capt., 2d Canadian 
regiment, 2014, 2310, 2366; com 
plaint, 2029, 2292, 2293, 2307-2308, 
2351, 2352; quarters, 2280, 2282. 
Letters from, 2029, 2280, 2292, 2351. 
Letters to, 2280, 2352. 

Duucausou, Robert, Lt., 71st Foot, 
British army, 1398. Letter from, 
1314. 

Dunham, Azariah, Col., asst. commis 
sary of purchases, New Jersey, 
1263, 1277, 1279. Letters from, 
1266, 1300, 1303, 1356. Letters to, 
1049, 1278, 1299, 1301. 

Dunham (Duncan), Hoi ton, Capt., 
New York levies and militia, 2018, 
2023, 2027. 

Dunham, Lewis F., Surgeon, 3d New 
Jersey regiment, Letter from, 1645. 
Letter to, 1626. 

Duning, William, Lt., Warner s Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, 1390. 
Letter from, 1949. 

Dunlap, John, Printer to Congress, 
239. 

Dunlap, John, Scrgt., 1st New York 
regiment, 2175, 2178, 2181. 

Dunmore, John Murray, Lord, Royal 
governor of Virginia, 632. 

Dunn, Abraham M., Lt., Delaware 
partisan company, 697, 741. 

Dunn, Benjamin, Capt., Continental 
navy, 471. 

Dunn, Isaac Budd, Maj., aide to St. 
Glair, introduced to Washington, 
1900. 

Dunnell, Zaccheus, Lt., 3d Continental 
artillery, 829. 

Dunnet, William, Lt. and adj., Thair s 
Massachusetts militia, 1512. 

Dunnivel, Anthony, 912. 

Dunop, see Donop. 

Dunscoinb, Edward, Capt., 4th New 
York regiment, 1965. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2567 



Dun worth, Peter, Lt., Uth Continen 
tal infantry, 154. 

Du Plantier, , 1247. 

Du Plessis, Thomas Antoine, Chevalier 
Mauduit, Maj. and aide to Knox ; 
It. col., Continental artillery, 357, 
626; authority, 365; bravery, 444; 
court of inquiry on, 646; objects to 
court-martial, 757; introduced to 
Washington, 282; knowledge of ar 
tillery, 375; merit, 562; promotion, 
562, 582, 626, 634 ; desires to be put 
on the half-pay establishment, 1639 ; 
rank, 636, 637, 645 ; ideas on defense 
of Red Bank, 476; responsibility, 
375. Letter from, 626. 

Du Poutier, Louis, Capt., Continental 
cavalry; aide to Steuben, 564. 

Duportail, Louis Le Beque, Col., chief 
of engineers; brig, and maj. gen., 
Continental army, 613, 631, 637, 651, 
664, 678, 695, 710, 724, 733, 763, 858, 
1033, 1043, 1097, 1115, 1129, 1151, 
1155, 1157, 1159, 1163, 1170, 1194, 
1289, 1674, 1691, 1767, 1773-1774, 
1858, 1939, 2302, 2368; on position 
of the army, 1217 , on Boston fortifi 
cations, 804, 807, 817 ; on campaign 
pians, 603, 1767; certificate of serv 
ice, 1984 ; needed at Charleston, 
1287; on Charleston situation, 1333; 
his command, 1044 ; commutation of 
pay, 2386; confidential mission, 
1924; employment of, 383; on engi 
neers in peace establishment, 2435, 
2437; exchange, 1418, 1542, 1590, 
1601, 1711, 1715; on fortifications, 
1217; on fortification system for 
America, 2402 ; fortification work on 
the Delaware, 959 ; health, 1929 ; in 
spections, 730, 789 ; maps, 515, 1264 ; 
on attacking New York, 1678, 1850, 
1905; opinion requested, 1033; opin 
ion in councils of war, 724, 1098; 
opinions, 598, 654 ; on attacking 
Paulus Hook, 1264; on peace estab 
lishment, 2388, 2435; on attacking 
Philadelphia, 486, 494; promotion, 
1977, 2025; rank, 1981; recom 
mended, 774 ; reconnoissance of 
Stony Point, 1146 ; report on cannon, 



Duportail, Louis Le Beque Contd. 
1115; on the situation, 1939; talent 
and merit, 1289; Washington s 
opinion and regard for, 1297, 2443; 
with Washington on visit to the 
French army, 1726, 1741, 1745; on 
defense of West Point, 708, 1212; 
on winter quarters, 491. Letters 
from, 486, 494, 529, 556, 561, 603, 
663, 758, 804, 949, 984, 1115, 1171, 
1176, 1212, 1226, 1297, 1333, 1678, 
1711, 1745, 1850, 1905, 1923, 1929, 
1939, 1977, 1981, 1983, 1997, 1999, 
2159, 2306, 2328, 2343, 2373, 2384, 
2387, 2390, 2392, 2394, 2418, 2434, 
2437, 2439, 2442, 2457. Letters, 
orders, and instructions to, 417, 674, 
716, 746, 763, 824, 863, 915, 959, 970, 
977, 1098, 1136, 1138, 1151, 1157, 
1159, 1162, 1164, 1167, 1168, 1170, 
1179, 1202, 1287, 1601, 1715, 1726, 
1741, 1845, 1862, 1905, 1906, 1944, 
1979, 2332, 2363, 2380, 2388, 2392, 
2402, 2419, 2435, 2443, 2449. 

DUQUTROUIN, French storeship, 1940. 

Durham (Connecticut), 881, 1227. 

Durie, Thomas, Deputy commissary of 
prisoners, 1960, 1968, 1971, 1981, 
1991. Letters from, 1987, 1997, 2001, 
2007, 2215. Letters to, 1823, 1990. 

Durkee, John, Col., J f th and 1st Con 
necticut regiments, 270, 287, 457, 
1103, 1922. Letters from, 846, 1502, 
1796. Letters to, 1512, 1792. 

Durrant, A. P., Deputy commissary of 
prisoners, British army, 2341. 

Durry, John, Master of sloop " Caro 
lina Packet" 1610. 

Dutch, sec Holland. 

Dutchess county (New York), arms 
from, 111, 123; letter to committee, 
145; militia, 238, 261, 1733; letter 
to militia colonels, 1733; tory pris 
oners, 116. 

Duville, Peter, Capt., Sappers and 
Miners ?, formerly It., Continental 
navy, 1371. 

Duyckinck, John, Col., Neiv Jersey mi 
litia, 262. Letter from, 140. Letter 
to. 259. 



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Dwigbt, Timothy, jr., Chaplain, Par 
son s brigade, Letter from, 568. Let 
ter to, 577. 

Dyckman, Abraham, of Orange county, 
Veto York, 2047. 

Dyer, Charles, Capt., Continental 
armed vessel "Harrison." 65; in 
structions to, 66. 

Dyer, Thomas, Lt. eol., 8th Connecti 
cut regiment, 281. 

Dvke, see Van Dyke. 

E. 

EAGLE, British packet, 1154. 

Earl, John, Captain, 1518, 1519. 

Et;st Camp (New York), 116. 

East Chester (New York), 199, 731, 
994, 1863, 1864, 1894, 1902. 

East Florida, sec Florida. 

East Indies, 1758, 2226, 2457. 

East Jersey, see New Jersey. 

East River (New York), British in, 
832, 1176. 1774; British foraging 
party on, 2296; canal to North river, 
2052; channel blocked, 1344; ferries, 
149; fortifications and forts on, 
1401, 1402, 2054. 

Eastern boundary, see Boundaries. 

Eastern Department, see Army, Conti 
nental. 

Eastern shore, see Maryland : also 
Virginia. 

Eastern States, sec States, Eastern; 
also under New England. 

Eastern troops, sec New England, 
troops. 

Easton, James, Col., Continental army, 
44. Letter from, 78. Letter to, 76. 

Easton (Pennsylvania), 265, 498, 883, 
978, 987, 1000, 1005, 1008, 1016, 1027, 
1031, 1038, 1056, 1089, 1149, 1155, 
1301, 1486; distance to Genesee, 
1042; inhabitants, 663: road, 500; 
road to Wyoming. 1002, 1009; road 
to New Windsor, 1123; supplies and 
stores at, 932, 994 : troops rendez 
vous at, 1015. 

Eastward, British movements. 376, 
964, 1151, 1846, 2235, 2265. 2267; 
militia to go to, 418, 419; see also 
States, Eastern. 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER-- _ 1-60 



Bay res (Ay res), Joseph, Maj., Floiver s 
Artillery Artificer regiment, 39 ; trial 
of, 969, 1023. Letter from, 1082. 
Company, 152, 162. 

Ebenezer (Georgia), battle at, 2158; 
British evacuate, 2002. 

Eckart, William, of Massachusetts, 297. 

Economy (Frugality), 101, 883, 1003. 
1010, 1022, 1334, 1499, 1524, 1644. 
1745, 1827, 1858, 2017, 2213, 2367. 

Eden, Sir Robert, Royal governor of 
Maryland, 103, 646. 

Eden, William, British Peace Commis 
sioner to the United States, Letters 
to, 646, 743. 

Edgar, John, Capt., Vermont militia. 
2000; introduced to Washington. 
2006. 

Edge Hill (Pennsylvania), skirmish at, 
499, 572. 

Edmestone, William, Maj., J,8th Foot, 
British army, 190. 192, 240, 247, 256, 
270. 271, 272, 278. 

Edmonstone, Archibald, Capt., 1st Foot 
Guards, British army, 1052, 1069. 

Education, military, 2375. 

Edwards, Enoch. Letter from, 454. 

Edwards, Evan, Maj., llth Pennsyl 
vania regiment ; adj. to Lee, 507. 

Edwards, Josias, Private, 2d light dra 
goons, 1177, 1179. 

Edwards, Stephen. Loyalist, Mon- 
mouth co until, Xcw Jersey, 2103. 

Edwards, Thomas, Lt., Jackson s Addi 
tional Continental regiment; deputy 
judge advocate and judge advocate. 
Continental army, 2313; activity, 
2432; address to court of inquiry, 
2330; his aid requested, 2413; 
charges against, 2328, 2330, 2336. 
2338. 2349; conduct of, 2323, 2324, 
2325, 2330, 2338, 2341; court of in 
quiry on, 2330; in Pennsylvania mu 
tiny prosecutions. 2413, 2416, 2419. 
Letters from, 2041. 2225. Letters to, 
1194. 2309. 

Edwards, Timothy. Clergyman, Letter 
from, 1852. 

Edwards, Timothy, Clerk, Phelps & Co., 
2075. 2230. Letter to, 2153. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2569 



Edwards, Timothy, Indian commis 
sioner, Northern department, 125, 

Egbert, Thomas, Letter from, 665. 

Egg Harbor (New Jersey), 593, 649, 
779, 785; British expedition against 
781, 787, 788 ; plan of attack on, 826. 

Egg Harbor, Great (New Jersey), 787, 
1164. 

Egg Harbor, Little (New Jersey), 381, 
382, 810 ; British repulsed at, 809. 

Eggleston, Joseph, jr., Lt,, paymaster; 
capt., Lee s dragoons, 1651, 1883 ; ex 
ploit, 1897. Letter from, 1084. 

Egmont, John Percival, Earl of, First 
lord of the Admiralty, Great Britain, 
879. 

Eichelberger, , Maj., Pennsylvania 

militia, Letter to, 928. 

Eight months men, sec Army, Conti 
nental. 

Eighteen months men, see Army, Conti 
nental. 

Elbert, Samuel, Brig, yen., Georgia 
militia, 2004. 

Eld, George, Lt. and capt.-lt., Cold- 
stream guards, British army, 2173. 
Letter from, 2266. 

Elderkin, John, Commissary of maga 
zines, Fort Arnold, 696. 

Elections, 1625, 2270, 2275. 

Eliot, Aaron, of Killing sioorth, Con 
necticut, Letter from, 1943. 

ELIZABETH, British merchant brig, 93, 
118, 177. 

Elizabeth borough (New Jersey), mag 
istracy and inhabitants, Washing 
ton s answer to, address of, 2427. 

Elizabeth River (New Jersey), 159. 

Elizabeth River (Virginia), 1731, 1909. 

Elizabethtown (New Jersey), 420, 1128, 
1144, 1188, 1189, 1275, 1302, 1313, 
1315, 1331, 1339, 1346, 1483, 1539, 
1545, 1595, 1599, 1616, 1823, 2020, 
2045, 2046, 2056, 2058, 2069, 2079, 
2094, 2106, 2243, 2337, 2346, 2360; 
boats collected at, 1619; British at, 
220, 1251, 1357, 1367; British at 
tempts on, raids and surprises of, 
925, 927, 928, 937, 1236, 1237, 1238, 
1239, 1241, 1313, 1344, 1411, 1646, 
1762, 1765 ; British intercourse with, 



Elizabethtown (New Jersey) Contd. 
2373, 2375; British loss at, 1364; 
British post at, 1355; British 
wounded from, 1355 ; cavalry at, 872 ; 
danger to, 779, 931 ; defense of, 1348 ; 
ferry, 142; flags of truce at, 1747, 
1761, 1872; fortifications, 168, 1331, 
1334 ; guard at, 1031, 1239, 2033 ; hay 
at, 1580; inhabitants, 250, 1218; re 
ception of letters at, 2377; losses, 
927, 1238; loyalist regiment at, 318; 
slack management at, 1384, 1872; 
officers at, 1241, 1313; post at, 447; 
prisoners at, 910, 1304, 1699; protec 
tion of surrounding country and, 326, 
1345-1346, 1393; skirmishes at, 260, 
1344, 1361; troops at, 212, 788, 789, 
1335. 

Elizabethtown Point (New Jersey), 
1362, 1366, 1373. 

Elk (Maryland), stores at, 410, 415, 
430, 598, 618. 

Elk, Head of (Maryland), 411, 426, 
676, 1189, 1775, 1939, 1988, 2115; 
boats and vessels for, 1927, 1941, 
1943; landing of British at, 404; 
embarkation of allied armies at, 
1940, 1944, 1948; embarkations at, 
1328, 1738; French transportation, 
1930, 1931 ; junction of American 
troops with French squadron at, 
1733; meat supply at, 552; militia 
at, 631, 632; letter to commanding 
officer at, 2012; situation at, 413; 
stores at, 620, 621, 632, 633, 643; 
stores and provisions forwarded to, 
1328, 1948. 

Elliot, Andrew, Royal chief justice 
and It. gov. of New York, 2066, 2070, 
2071, 2073, 2074, 2075, 2076, 2077, 
2080, 2083, 2084, 2087; in AndrS 
case, 1554; appointed Exchange 
commissioner, 2063, 2204, 2229; au 
thority and powers to negotiate an 
exchange of prisoners, 2232, 2234, 

2243, 2244; commission, 2070. Let 
ters from, 2243, 2453. Letters to, 

2244, 2454. See also under Pris 
oners, British, exchange commis 
sioners. 



1779 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Elliott, John, Formerly chaplain, 2d 
Connecticut regiment, 1188. 

Elliott, Matthew, 934. 

Elliott, Thomas, Col, 1st Virginia 
regiment, 349. Letters from, 276, 
359. Letters to, 286, 369. 

Ellis, John Joiner, Maj., 89th Foot, 
British army, Letter to, 2417. 

Ellis, Joseph, Col. and brig, gen., New 
Jersey militia, Letters from, 437, 
484, 543, 557. Letters to, 529, 553, 
637. 

Ells, Nathaniel, Chaplain, 77. 

Ellsworth, Oliver, Connecticut dele 
gate, Continental Congress, 1765. 

Elmira (New York), engagement at, 
1120. 

Elmore, Samuel, Col., Connecticut 
State regiment, 100, 101, 1208; or 
ders to, 164. Regiment, 171, 177. 

Else, John, Asst. commissary of is 
sues, Fishkill landing, New York, 
Letter to, 1475. 

Elsworth, William, Justice of the 
peace, Ulster county, New 7ork, 66. 

Ely, John, Col., Connecticut militia, 
1215, 1229. Letters from, 1381, 
1583. Letters to, 1229, 1242. Regi 
ment, 242. 

Ely, Justin, Massachusetts commis 
sioner, 1872. 

Ely, Samuel, of Hampshire county, 
Massachusetts, 2146. 

Emancipation of slaves, 2367. 

Embargo, 282, 994, 1619 ; British, 1783, 
2082, 2085. 

Embezzlement, 157, 1351; see also 
Theft 

Emburg, John Van, 341. Letter from, 
342. 

Emerick, see Emmerich. 

Emerson, Amos, Capt., 1st New Hamp 
shire regiment, Letter to, 1285. 

Emerson, Nehemiah, Lt., llth Massa 
chusetts regiment, 1567. 

Emerson, Peter, 2260. 

Emery, Noah, jr., Asst. commissary 
of purchases, 1383. Letter from, 
1611. 



1775 

^ Pages 

TANUARY-.TUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Emissaries, British, among the 
Creeks, 456; introduced to a com 
mittee of Congress, 1673; 

to Pennsylvania mutineers, 
1670, 1675; court-martial of, 
1668; executed, 1674, 1676, 1677, 
1679; seized and surrendered, 
1670, 1671, 1672, 1674; 
to Vermont, 1607; see also Spies, 
British. 

Emlen, George, Letter from, 858. 

Emmerich (Emerick), Andreas, Lt. 
col.. Chasseurs, British provincial 
corps, 1106; corps dissolved, 1126; 
proclamation, 675. 

Emmons, Thomas, Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, loyalist, 2103. 

Emory, Comte d , Letter from, 161. 
Letter to, 193. 

Empie, William, Carpenter, Sir John 
Johnson s corps, 1861. 

Employees, see Civilian employees. 

Encampment, see Camp. 

Enemy, see Army, British, and Navy, 
British. 

Enfant, Pierre Charles L , see L En- 
fant. 

Engagements, sec Battles. 

Engineers and engineer corps, 80, 364, 
405, 2379 ; appointment, 561 ; assign 
ment of, 1862; British, 1330; chief, 
2210; complaint against, 1178; con 
solidation with artillery, 2373; de 
partment, 390, 2437; establishment, 
191. 515; at Fort Mifflin, 440, 458; 

French, 878, 886, 2434, 2437; 
business entrusted to, 2418; leave 
America, 2442, 2445 ; ordinance re 
specting, 228 ; returns, 1294 ; situa 
tion of, 2434; 

horses for, 561 ; ideas on, 188, 2437 ; 
memorial on, 2384, 2394 ; militia taken 
from, 407; needed, 121, 529, 1771; 
officers, 2180, 2373, 2418; officers 
agree to half-pay commutation, 2386, 
2387; officers returns, 2080; officers 
wish to remain in the service, 2438 ; 
organization of, 390; pay, 103, 561, 
2386, 2387; in peace establishment, 
2380. 2384, 2390. 2394, 2435; for 
Southern department, 915; supplies, 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2571 



Engineers and engineer corps Contd. 
1172, 1348, 1349, 1850, 1857 ; thanked 
by Congress, 1983; training, 2373; 
at Wyoming, 970. See also Gouvion, 
Jean Baptiste; Sappers and Sappers 
and Miners. 

England, sec Great Britain. 

English, Abigail, 1100. 

English, Benjamin, 1100. 

English, Joseph, Private, 3d Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1334. 

English, Robert, Deserter, llth light 
dragoons, British army, 337. 

English Channel, 772, 1167. 

Englishtown (New Jersey), 668, 754. 

Englishtown Creek (New Jersey), 671. 

Enkhuysen (Holland), citizens, present 
of herring to Washington, 2421. 

Enkhuysen (Holland), Patriotic Soci 
ety of, 2355. Letter from, 2278. Let 
ter to, 2421. 

Enlistments. 112, 142, 224, 234, 245, 
251, 273, 295, 298, 300, 512, 569, 596. 
624, 626, 650, 651, 691, 752, 910, 917, 
919, 938, 942, 973, 1059, 1137, 1172, 
1191, 1261, 1293, 1301, 1814, 1843, 
2142, 2321; accounts, 942; artillery, 
225 ; bounty, 246, 248, 887, 890, 931 ; 
British, 230, 1817, 2254, 2259 ; British 
compel American prisoners to enlist, 
2144 ; British navy advertisement, 
1446; cases, 2278; certificate, 2000; 
claim of escaped prisoners, 1456; 
complaint, 133 ; of Convention troops. 
606 ; court of inquiry on, 2175 ; of de 
serters, 547, 583, 589, 599, 606, 608, 
1457, 2123, 2172 ; difficulties and dis 
putes, 110, 179, 203, 282, 298, 645, 
759, 865, 978, 1662, 1679, 1687, 1697 ; 
dispute with New Jersey mutineers, 
1699 ; dispute with Pennsylvania and 
New Jersey mutineers, 1704 ; double, 
247, 274, 281, 286, 287 ; from drafts, 
648; evidence, 2278; expenses, 920; 
expiration of, 43, 185, 210, 212, 
259, 265, 504, 530, 794, 818, 
933, 1184, 1187, 1197, 1200, 1204, 
1208, 1216, 1253, 1271, 1276, 1288, 
1297, 1310, 1563, 1587, 1614, 1831, 
2080, 2444; foreigners. 2240; frauds, 
2159, 2193 ; French, 2253 ; French de- 



Enlistments Continued. 

serting seamen, 2231-2232; frontier, 
1425; inducements, 224, 2122; of in 
valids, 2264; investigations and in 
quiries into, 2322, 2332, 2396; law, 
2459; methods, 234, 1597; militia, 
347, 530; money, 885, 919, 928, 945, 
1196, 1305; nine months men, 649, 
820 ; negroes, 2073, 2320, 2334 ; oaths, 
1683; orders, 202; of paroled pri 
vates, 266; plan, 1250; of prisoners, 
583, 608, 1814; reenlistments, 48, 51, 
104, 166, 261, 794, 797, 820, 829, 838, 
842, 864, 878, 886, 887, 889, 890, 913, 
914, 919, 920, 922, 928, 931, 942, 978, 
1034, 1050, 1052, 1062, 1161, 1169, 
1174, 1181, 1192, 1196, 1197, 1198, 
1202, 1203, 1204, 1211, 1212, 1244, 
1246, 1264, 1266, 1268, 1293, 1295, 
1305, 1317, 1397, 1683, 1912, 2155 ; re 
fusals, 2106; resolves of Congress, 
207; returns, 648, 865, 1575; tem 
porary, 1636; 

terms, 720, 1267, 1268, 1318, 

1692, 1696, 2459; short, 78, 180, 

186, 287, 1671; for three years, 

178, 1184, 1261, 1649 ; for the war, 

649, 908, 921, 954, 976, 1015, 1018, 

1050, 1169, 1181, 1231, 1261, 1269, 

1272, 1390, 1396, 1431, 1575, 1621, 

1642, 1649, 1658, 1689, 2374, 2391 ; 

seamen, 84; slowness, 313; unfit, 

592, 1799, 2093; validity of, 937, 

1231; volunteer, 299, 1284; of 

wagoners, 227, 987. 2155. See also 

Recruiting. 

Ennes, Richard, of Second River, New 
Jersey, 385. 

Enos, Roger, Lt. col., 2d Connecticut 
regiment; brig, gen., Vermont mi 
litia, court-martial, 49; resignation, 
66 ; retreat, 40, 41, 51. Letters from, 
41, 1933, 1982, 1983. Letter to, 1963. 

Ensigns, 742, 760, 1710; appointments, 
1070; difficulty in obtaining, 1089; 
nomination of, 1041 ; resignations, 
1343. 

Ensigns, see Standards. 

Entrenching tools, see Tools. 

" E. P.," American spy, 836. 



1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 

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2572 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Epaulettes, 636; sent to Washington, 
703, 2190. See also Shoulder knots. 

Epidemics, see Disease. 

Epple, Andrew, Paymaster, llth Penn 
sylvania, 646. 

Equipment, see Accoutrements. 

E R., see R. E. 

Ernest, John, Deserter, regiment 
Prince Charles, Hessian allied 
troops, 2285. 

Erskine, Robert, Geographer and sur 
veyor-general, Continental army, 
1618, 1803; sketch plan by, 1403. 
Letters from, 386, 484, 585, 949. 
Letters and orders to, 382, 470, 596, 
916, 932, 1107, 1112, 1199. 

Erskine, Sir Willianv Col., 80th Foot; 
brig, and maj. gen., British army 
in America, 502, 767. 

Erwin (Ewing) Arthur, Col., Pennsyl 
vania militia, Letter to, 222. 

Frwin, Samuel, of Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, 616. 

Escorts, 1116, 1117, 1130, 1624; for 
the French minister, 1113, 1114, 
1124, 1125, 1126; for mail, 1948, 
2000, 2005, 2251; for money, 2340; 
naval, ,for flour ship, 1448; for 
prisoners, 830, 1092. 1780, 1977, 
2020; for provisions, 1002, 1087, 
1806. 

Eskridge, William, Lt. and adj., 2d 
Virginia regiment, 2060, 2095, 2113, 
2195. 

Esopus (New York), 1822; New York 
Convention at, 253. 

Essex county (New Jersey), 1032, 
1222; magistrates, 1220, 1222. 

Estaing, Charles Henri Theodat, 
Comte D , Admiral and It. gen., 
French navy, 712, 835, 936, 1129, 
1143, 1147, 1163; attitude, 725; 
British fear, 1151; cabal against, 
713; capture of Cork fleet, 897; 
clothing from, 1835; cooperation, 
683, 684, 686, 687, 690, 692, 729, 998, 
1129, 1139, 1146, 1147, 1149, 1157, 
1179, 1560; declarations, 845; in 
Delaware Bay. 1164 ; dispatches, 862, 
1146, 1180 ; difficulties, 700, 704 ; 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBEK 1-60 



Estaing, Charles Henri Theodat, 
Comte D ? Continued. 

fleet, 715, 1055, 1144, 1701; ar 
rival on American coast, 684, 686, 
715, 1139, 1145, 1159, 1171, 1711: 
arrives at Brest, 1742; damaged, 
712, 715, 724 ; engagement with the 
British, 715 ; leaves Boston, 755. 
835, 837; leaves Brest, 1784; 
leaves Rhode Island, 712, 713; re 
turns to the American coast, 998 ; 
fortunes, 1268 ; harmony, 745 ; intel 
ligence for, 692, 704, 707, 783, 806, 
812, 824, 1152; intelligence of, 1737, 
1739 ; intentions, 691, 695, 1150, 1152 ; 
manifestoes distributed, 974 ; Massa 
chusetts applies to for detachment 
against Penobscot, 1132; the New 
York enterprise, 686, 687, 690, 702, 
715, 1149 ; offers to share spy ex 
pense, 731 ; his officers claim to mem 
bership in the Cincinnati, 2458; 
opinion of Byron s fleet, 731 ; oppor 
tunity for, 848 ; his orders, 681, 712 ; 
pilots, 689, 729, 1146 ; present of live 
stock to, 684, 685, 692; proclama 
tion, 1021 ; on " the protest of 
the American officers," 729; the 
Rhode Island enterprise, 690, 692, 
695, 715, 718, 729, 735; services 
in America, 2458 ; victory over Hood, 
1722, 1726, 1731, 1733, 1735, 1739; 
admiration for Washington, 2458; 
Washington s approval of, 735, 745 ; 
Washington s picture presented to, 
743; in the West Indies, 2326; 
wounds, 2458. Letters from, 681, 
683, 686, 688, 700, 702, 711, 715, 719, 
729, 731, 745, 755, 764, 771, 772, 774, 
779, 783, 805, 807, 810, 815, 816, 2458. 
Letters to, 684, 686, 687, 690, 695. 
704, 707, 712, 724, 727, 735, 746, 748, 
750, 763, 776, 785, 795, 798, 803, 804. 
806, 808, 811, 812, 824, 832, 1129. 
1147, 1149. See also Navy, French. 

Estarjette, Lewis de 1 , see L Estar- 
jette. 

Estey, , 568. 

Esthertown ( Estherton, Pennsylva 
nia), 929, 930, 965. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2573 



Estimates, 1825, 2172, 2173, 2174, 2179, 
2328, 2422 ; artificers, 2033 ; of Brit 
ish force, 2306, 2311; called for. 
1569, 2031, 2326; clothing, 2327; ex 
pense, 60, 1568, 1806. 2031 ; fate of, 
1716; horses, 2038; mistaken, 2299; 
of needs, 2035 ; for operation against 
New York, 1839, 1845; ordnance and 
ammunition. 1720, 1792, 2023, 2333; 
preparation of, 2034; of supplies, 
1785, 2004; teams needed, 2032; 
transportation expense, 1806. See 
also Returns. 

Eulogium of Washington, 2376. 

Europe, 1461, 1992, 2014, 2078, 2108, 
2119, 2126, 2243, 2257, 2270, 2272, 
2319, 2371, 2393, 2447; allies of 
America in, 937; British fleet sails 
for, 809, 1210, 2267; British fleet 
from, 1920, 1924; British oflicers 
prisoners allowed to go to, 1487, 
1523 ; British reenforcements from, 
1869; British storeships from, 1263; 
despatches and letters from, 1889, 
1974; letter for Washington from, 
2441; Great Britain s situation in, 
1278 ; intelligence, accounts, news, etc., 
from, 228, 610, 616, 641, 772, 876, 
927, 940, 1117, 1273, 1298, 1469, 1501, 
1568, 1615, 1666, 1751, 1806, 1807, 
1818, 1820, 1837, 2136, 2326, 2336, 
2357; monarchies of, 2125; naval 
engagement of French and British 
in, 1177; packet from, 2362; peace 
talk in, 2247; politics, 2240, 2301; 
prizes taken in, 362; situation in, 
369, 606; United States plenipoten 
tiary in, 2405. 

European loan, see Loan. 

Eustace, Charles, Capt., 33d Foot, Brit 
ish army, Letter from, 279. Letter 
to, 280. 

Eustace, John Skey, Maj. and aide to 
Lee, 262. 

Eustis, Benjamin, Maj., 4t1i Continen 
tal artillery, 1965, 2012. 

Eustis, William, Surgeon, Gridley s 
artillery; surgeon, Knox s artillery; 
Hospital physician and surgeon, 
2271. Letters from, 49, 1439. 



Kutaw Springs (South Carolina), bat 
tle of, 1950, 1957, 1964; Greene s 
account of, bravery o f troops, losses 
of British, etc., 1948. 

Evans, George, Maj., Delaware mili 
tia, Letter from, 466. Letter to, 
405. 

Evans, Israel, Chaplain, New York 
brigade, 2334. Letter to, 573. 

Evidences, 2278, 2317; courts-martial, 
2330; refused, 2317; rules, 2318. 

Evis, Daniel, Private, 3d? Connecticut 
regiment, 2133. 

Ewing, Arthur, see Erwin. 

Pawing, George, Commissary general of 
hides, 700. Letter from, 493. Let 
ter to, 537. 

Ewing, James, Brig, gen., Pennsylvania 
militia, Instructions to, 218. 

Ewing, James, Brig. -ma j. to Hand, 418. 

Ewing, Thomas, Col., 3d Maryland bat 
talion, Flying Camp, 188, 196. 

Excesses, see Barbarities. 

Exchange commissioners, see Commis 
sioners, exchange. 

Exchanges, see Prisoners, exchanges. 

Executions, see Punishment, capital. 

Expenses, 254, 1863, 2263, 2425; boats, 
2023, 2050; British retrenchment, 
21 51 ; for capturing deserters, 2180 ; 
caused by board of war, 981 ; caused 
by British invasion, 1621 ; caused by 
Congress, 981 ; claims, 1238 ; clothing, 
2379; of commanding oflicers, 2454; 
of deputy commissary of prisoners, 
2337 ; estimates, 60, 1568, 1806, 2031 ; 
of expresses, 2037, 2261 ; extra. 1591 ; 
of fortification work, 2329; of for 
warding news of peace, 2376 ; intelli 
gence, 2257, 2261, 2288; of invalids, 
2287; mail, 2256; of taking posses 
sion of British frontier posts. 2429; 
of supply posts, 1747 ; of maintenance 
of British prisoners, 2246; of quar 
termaster general department, 609; 
reimbursement of, 1765; of conduct 
ing recruits to camp, 2077 ; of staff, 
2039; timber, 2330; transportation, 
1698 ; of commandant at West Point. 
2437. 

EXPERIMENT, British ship of war, 621. 



1779 1780 1781 

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2574 



LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS 



Experiments, see Artillery; also Bau- 
man, Sebastian. 

Explosives, experiments, 1713. 

Exportation, 121, 1689. 

Expresses, 8, 293. 1223, 1372, 1638, 
1639. 1901, 1989. 2042. 2199, 2211; 
attacked. 1472; to Boston, 1818, 
2192; British, 366, 376. 378; British 
captured, 382. 387; captured, 1483, 
1485, 1493; conduct of, 1612; court 
of inquiry report on number needed. 
1262, 1263 ; delay of, 665, 1216 ; diffi 
culty in obtaining, 1638-1639, 1910, 
1918; discontinued, dismissed, num 
ber reduced, etc., 1213, 1215, 1234, 
1235, 1237, 1623, 1633, 2308-2309; 
dragoons as, 1427, 1431. 1623, 1875; 
established, 693, 1146, 1723, 2186; ex 
pense of, 1315, 1619-1620, 2037, 2186, 
2261 ; forage and provisions for. 1493, 
1538; guards for, 872; from Hart 
ford to Peekskill, 2193 ; to headquar 
ters. 765; between headquarters and 
Rhode Island, 1353, 1354, 1703; 
horses needed for, 2147. 2148 ; to con 
vey intelligence, 704. 1902, 2186; ir 
regularity of, 785 ; interruption of, 
2044 ; at King s ferry, 1492 ; line from 
King s ferry to Boston. 2192 ; list of 
riders, 1234 ; between Morristown 
and Providence, 1354 ; money for, 
488, 1397, 1638-1639; needed, 958, 
1083, 1262, 1263, 1273, 1276; negli 
gence, 782 ; to New London, 1427, 
1431; to Newport, 1538; number of, 
1238, 1262. 1263; orderly sergeants 
as, 1215 ; orders for, 2192 ; pay. 2022 ; 
from Peekskill to Hartford. 2193 ; be 
tween Providence and Morristown. 
1354 ; reestablishment of 1686. 1698. 
1703; refuse to serve longer, 2007; 
regulation, 2019; returns, 1234. 1235; 
to Rhode Island, 1353, 1443, 1698. 
1703 ; route, 872, 2206 ; route changed. 
1485, 1914, 1919, 1960; route short 
ened, 1898, 1962; to South Carolina. 
1994; to Southington, 1887; stations 
of, 753, 1493. 1910; support of, 1612; 
terms. 1319; use of, 710. 712, 1273, 
1315. 

Extortion, sec Prices. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-.TUXE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER- _ _ 1-60 



Extravagance, 743. 

Eyeglasses, for Washington, 2316. 

Eyre (Ayres, Eyres), Benjamin, Maj. 
and asst. deputy quartermaster gen 
eral. Letters from, 439, 447. Letters 
and orders to, 438, 439. 

Eyre, Benjamin G, Maj., supt., ~boat de 
partment, 1066. 

Eyre. Thomas. Lt., 8th Light dragoons, 
British army, 531. Letter from, 
517. 

Eyres, Richard. Capt., Pennsylvania 
navy, 471. 

F. 

Factory, for repairing arms, 1032; 
shoe, 545, 555, 894, 899. 

Faesh. John Jacob, Owner of Uast 
furnaces at Mount Hope, N. J., 
1408. 1410. Letters from, 1409. 
1449. 

Fagan, Jacob, Loyalist, Monmouth 
county, New Jersey, 2103. 

Failly. see Du Failly. 

Fairchild, Aaron, Loyalist, 1111. 

Fairfax, George William, 593. 

Fairfax, (Virginia), independent com 
pany, 2. 

Fairfax county (Virginia), militia. 
1947. 

Fairfield (Connecticut), British raid, 
267, 302, 1078; burned, 1071, 1087, 
1089, 1129. 

Fairfield county (Connecticut), loyal 
ist plot in, 1728, 1729, 1755, 1756, 
1765, 1767, 1793; loyalists arrested 
in, 1835. 

Fairfield landing (Connecticut), 739. 

Fairly (Fairlie). James. Ensign, 1st 
New York regiment, 201. 

Falconer, Nathaniel, Asst. deputy 
commissioner of purchases, Letter 
to, 547. 

Falmouth (Massachusetts, now 
Maine), British burn, 33. 35, 39, 
739, 742; British preparations to 
take post at. 2345; British ships 
off, 2144. 

Families, 1576. 1940, 2389. 

Famine, see Starvation. 

Famine River, see La Famine. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-854 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2575 



Faneuil, Benjamin, jr., of Boston, Let 
ter to, 28. 

Faneuil, , Col., French army, 258, 

294. 

Fanning, Edmund, Col., King s Amer 
ican regiment, British Provincial 
troops; secretary to Oov. Try on, 
195. 

Fanning, Phinehas, Col., British prov 
incial troops, Letters to, 179, 184. 

FANTASQUE, see " La Fantasque." 

Farewell, Isaac, Ensign, 3d Connec 
ticut regiment, 36. 

Farguer, , Letter from, 163. 

Farley, Michael, Letter from, 387. 

Farmer, John, see Farmur. 

Farmer, Lewis, Lt. Col., Stewart s 
Pennsylvania state regiment, Letter 
from, 436. 

Farmers, 797, 1351, 1358. 

Farmington (Connecticut), 532, 548, 
554, 565, 632, 2054; roads to, 784, 
794. 

Farms, garrison, 2385. 

Farmur (Farmer?), John, Loyalist, 
Monmouth county, New Jersey, 
2103. 

Farnsworth, David, 779, 784. 

Farquier county (Virginia), letter to 
commanding officer of militia, 862. 

Farrar, Benjamin, I/a;., Rand s 
Massachusetts militia regiment, 
1515. Letters from, 1479, 1514. 

Farrier, Isaac, 170. 

Farrington, Thomas, Lt. col., 5th 
Massachusetts regiment, 314, 323, 
332. 

Fascines, 465, 474, 1321, 1329, 1342, 
1346, 1350, 1355, 1369, 1390, 1397; 
British, 2239; estimate of, 1213; 
making of, 1153. 1154, 1157, 1173, 
1184, 1375, 1939. 

Fasselabord, see Hasselabend. 

Fat, see Suet. 

Fatigue, duty, 973, 1127, 1435, 1475, 
1477; directions, 1293; exemption 
from, 1397, 1398; on fortification 
work, 1452; men needed, 1303, 1519, 
1525; parties, 752, 1137, 1169, 1188, 
1468, 1473; rum needed for, 1491. 



Faulkner. Ralph, .I/a;., 2d Virginia 
regiment, orders to, 675. 

Fauntleroy, Griffin, Cornet, 1st Con 
tinental dragoons, 670. 

Fauntleroy, Henry, Capt., 5th Virginia 
regiment, 489. 

Fauntleroy, Moore, Capt. and maj., 
4th and 1st Continental dragoons, 
1231. Letter from, 1754. Letters 
and orders to, 1706, 1770, 1967. 

Fay, Jonas (Joseph), Commissary of 
prisoners. Letter from, 1878. Let 
ter to, 1882. 

Fayolt* (Fayolles), J. P. Rousseau, 
Chevalier de, Lt. col., French army; 
aide to Lafayette, 1331, 1340. 

Feather bed, see Bed. 

Featherstone, William, Capt., 21st 
Foot, British army, 870, 1052. 

Febiger, Christian, Brig.-maj. to Ar 
nold; It. col., llth and col., 2d Vir 
ginia regiments, 48, 822, 937, 1037, 
2027, 2032, 2036, 2041, 2060; com 
mand, 1998; memorial to, 1994: 
needs of, 2059, 2060; his recruiting 
arrangements, 2104. Letters from, 
266, 831, 871, 93S, 1945, 1974, 1992, 
2035, 2056, 2059, 2066, 2188. Letters 
to, 868, 871, 874, 1022, 1103, 1903. 
2020, 2033, 2039, 2040, 2043, 2049, 
2071. Regiment, 266, 871, 874, 1635, 
2059. 

Feints, 666, 935, 1318; British, 477. 

Fell, John, Maj., New Jersey militia, 
762. 

Fellows, Amos, Capt., 10th Continental 
infantry, 238. 

Fellows, John, Col., Massachusetts reg 
iment; brig, gen., Massachusetts 
militia, 178, 185, 196, 372; stupidity 
of, 382. Letters from, 52, 149, 378, 
1179, 1415, 1881, 1902. Letters to, 
1183, 1292, 1377, 1417, 1426, 1439. 
1444, 1871. Brigade, 210, 1177, 1377. 

Fences, 538, 1325. 

Fenno, Ephraim, Capt. -It., 2d Conti 
nental artillery, 2302, 2348, 2349. 
2361. Letters from, 2319, 2329. 2340. 
Letter to, 2320. 

Fenton, Elizabeth (Mrs. Thomas Fen- 
ton). Letter from, 158. 



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Fenton, Thomas Temple, Lt., 48th 
Foot, British army, 158. 

FERDINAND, French frigate, 559. 

Ferguson, Adam, Physician and secre 
tary to the British peace commis 
sioners, 646, 647. Letter to, 644. 

Ferguson, Patrick, Maj., 2d battalion, 
71st Foot; col., British provincial 
troops, 1590. 

Fergusson, Elizabeth (Mrs.), Letter 
from, 426. Letter to, 427. 

Fermoy, see Rochefermoy. 

Feruald Tobias. Capt., Massachusetts 
militia?; Lt. col., 8th and 10th 
Massachusetts regiments, 2138; an 
swers to queries on Huddy case, 2087. 
Letters from, 2097, 2111, 2114, 2286, 
2305, 2345. Letters to, 1538, 2305. 
Regiment, 2111. 

Ferries, 482, 1389. 

Ferriol, Alexander, Lt., 2d Canadian 
regiment, 1592. 

Ferris, Joshua, 1641, 1642. 

Ferrymen, 311, 849, 1461, 1477. 

Fete Chainpetre, see Mischianza. 

Feu de joie, British, 2120. 

Feurer, Charles, Capt., Pennsylvania 
German volunteers, Letter from. 887. 

Fever, see Disease. 

Fick, David, Capt.-lt., Jones Pennsyl 
vania artillery, 948. 

Field, John, Letters from, 303, 304. 

Field, Lydia, Letter from, 1501. 

Field commissary of military stores, 
see Commissary. 

Field officers, see Officers, field. 

Field pieces, see Artillery. 

Fife and drum-major, 395. 

Fifers, 2403. 

Fifes, 2403. 

Finance, 37, 83, 108, 1293, 1298, 1334, 
1590, 1649, 2024, 2091; aid from 
France, 2017, 2100 ; 

bills and bills of exchange, 933; 
authorized by Congress, 1580 ; Brit 
ish, 1938; contractors discount, 
2100; due, 2116, 2117, 2221; on 
France, 2257; negotiation difficul 
ties, 2299, 2301 ; payment of, 2002 ; 
refused by Maryland and Virginia, 
1580 ; scheme of, 1996 ; seized, 2387 ; 

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JANUARY JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-60 



Finance Continued. 

derangement of, 1621; difficulties, 
2129; drafts, 2188; embarrassments, 
1601, 2426 ; exchange rate, 1713 ; pro 
tested, 1938, 2034; secrecy, 2091; 
state of, 951, 955, 987, 1190, 1290, 
1601, 1622, 1668, 1736, 2011 ; system, 
1746; tender law, 1640. See also 
Currency; Money; Morris, Robert, 
and Superintendent of Finance. 

Fines, 259. 

Fink, Andrew, Justice of the peace, 
Try on county, New York, 2433. 

Finley, Ebenezer, Capt.-lt., 1st Conti 
nental artillery, Letter from, 973. 

Finley, John, Capt., 8th and 5th Penn 
sylvania regiment; brigade major at 
Fort Pitt; deputy judge advocate, 
1932, 2106, 2116; controversy with 
Fowler, 1921, 1926. Letter from, 
2040. Letter to, 639. 

Finley, Samuel, Maj., 4th Virginia reg 
iment, 2032; memorial, 1995. Letter 
from, 2215. Letter to, 2215. 

Finney, Edmund, see Phinney. 

Finney, Walter, Capt., 6th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1010. 

Finnie, William, Deputy quartermaster 
general, Letter from, 594. 

Fire, at Fort Schuyler, 1311, 1321, 
1331, 1828, 1829, 1833, 1835 ; destroys 
tents and clothing, 2178; investiga 
tion of, 1227, 1244, 1245; precau 
tions, 1220, 1579; at West Point, 
1220, 1238, 1243, 1244, 1252; at Wil- 
liamsburgh hospital, 2010, 2018. 

Firelocks, see Arms. 

Fire rafts, 145, 148, 153, 155. 

Fire ships, see Navy, British, and 
Navy, Continental. 

Firewood (Fuel), 851, 1335, 1499, 1523, 
1562, 1928, 1929, 2007, 2246, 2447; 
allowance, 2173, 2338, 2385 ; 

British, 746, 1161, 1198, 1330, 
1331; collection of, 1182, 1406; 
contracts for, 2225; cut, 762; cut 
ters, 1520; demanded, 1273; for 
the fleet, 804; foray for, 609; 
magazines, 1181 ; needed, 1210, 
1230 ; for New York, 767, 804, 825, 
827, 828, 868, 1181; for Rhode 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2577 



Firewood Continued. 

Island, 707, 825 ; supply, 829, 1151, 
21GO, 2235, 2236, 2254; supply 
squadron, 797 ; on transports, 2225 ; 
cutters, 1537, 1538, 1547; letter to 
commanding officer of wood cutters, 
1547; cutting, 842, 1167, 1451, 1458, 
1464, 1465, 1468, 2188, 2269, 2271, 
2440, 2445; difficulty in obtaining, 
1543, 1913; estimates, 2173, 2174; 
gatherers ambushed, 959; loyalist 
teams after, 2363; needed, 1197, 
1456, 1480, 2037, 2204, 2205, 2246, 
2438; for Newport, 767; obtaining, 
2174, 2204, 2272; orders for, 1706; 
payment for, 2243; for prisoners, 
479; for American prisoners, 1241, 
1669, 2181, 2182; for British prison 
ers, 447, 499 ; purchased, 1480, 2182 ; 
quantities burned, 2338; regulation 
of, 2338; supply, 1480, 2195, 2243, 
2314, 2430; transportation of, 1175, 
1456, 1521, 2171, 2205, 2231, 2241; 
for West Point, 1453, 1458, 1543, 
1568, 2204, 2205, 2441, 2442, 2444. 

Fireworks, 2455. 

Firing practice, 325. 

Fish, 586, 1467, 1482, 1487, 1505, 1509, 
1517, 1540; cod, 1349, 1484, 1466; 
for Convention troops, 1396; dried, 
1334, 1349 ; herring, 2278, 2355, 2421 ; 
industry in America, 2421 ; instruc 
tions for obtaining, 1812; issue, 
1396, 2081; orders respecting, 1817; 
ration, 2082; salt and salting, 1378, 
1396, 1793, 1805, 1810. 1814, 1822; 
salt exchanged for, 1777, 1805 ; shad, 
1808, 1809, 1820, 1822, 1823 ; for sick, 
1530; substitute for beef ration, 
2083; supplies, 1845. 

Fish, Nicholas, Ma;., 2d New York 
regiment, 208, 253, 1034, 1680. Let 
ters from, 378, 1283. Letter to, 1284. 

Fishbourn (Fishbourne), Benjamin, 
Capt., J t th Pennsylvania regiment; 
maj. and aide to Wayne, 939, 953, 
1090, 1091, 1668, 2158. Letter to, 
1646. 

Fishdam Creek (South Carolina) Con 
tinental officers killed, wounded, etc., 
at, 1490 ; Sumter s defeat at, 1492. 



Fisher, Frederick, Col., Tryon county, 
Neic York, militia, Letters from, 
841, 847. Letters and orders, 120, 
847. 

Fisher, Garrett, Capt., 55th Foot, 
British army, Letter to, 1132. 

Fisher, James, Philadelphia loyalist, 
325, 326. 

Fisher, J , Letter from, 1651. 

Fisher, Myndert, of Detroit, 1688, 
1999 ; court-martial of, 1876 ; pardon, 
1910. 1980, 1986. 

Fisher, Thomas, Sergt., 3d Massa 
chusetts regiment, 2347. 

Fisheries, 990; cod, 779; French ships 
sent against, 1133. 

Fishing boats, captured, 1369. 

Fishing Creek, sec Fishdam Creek. 

Fishing parties, British, 2181, 2182. 

Fishing permits, 2251. 

Fishkill (New York), 227, 424, 464, 
530, 533, 696, 733, 749, 775, 837, 849, 
851, 857, 883, 897, 905, 960, 1009, 
1039, 1056, 1082, 1106, 1218, 1241, 
1254, 1312, 1318, 1342, 1392, 1417, 
1433, 1455, 1465, 1500, 1512, 1513, 
1525, 1526, 1536, 1547, 1582, 1617, 
1642, 1675, 1676, 1678, 1684, 1686, 
1710, 1712, 1720, 1773, 1779, 1782, 
1783, 1785, 1798, 1807, 1917, 1948, 
2005, 2038, 2039, 2041. 2044, 2097, 
2148, 2199, 2252, 2256, 2317, 2318, 
2407; abuses at, 1664, 1677; artifi 
cers and laborers at, 1495; boats 
from, 1508 ; cannon at, 366 ; clothing 
at, 581, 650, 896 ; command at, 1681 ; 
letter to commanding officer at, 
1550; condition of affairs at, 1672; 
Convention troops route to and 
from, 833, 864; demands on West 
Point, 1435; fired by British spies, 
902; fortifications, 624; garrison 
orders, 1645; headquarters at, 766; 
hospital at, 1530; inhabitants com 
plaints, 1303, 1515; post at, 1747, 
1797; powder storage at, 2084; pro 
vost at, 1638; staff departments at, 
1706; stores at, 215, 349, 351, 733, 
989, 1756; troops at, 453, 499, 560. 
624, 1515, 1546; view of vicinity, 
209 ; weakness of, 1082. 



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Fishkill Creek (New York), route to 
Oswegatchie, 991. 

Fishkill Landing (New York), 1439, 
1536, 1653, 2044. 

Fitch, John, Deputy commissary of 
purchases at Fishkill, Letter from, 
1234. Letters to, 1063, 1232. 

Fitch, Jonathan, Col., Connecticut mi 
litia, Letter to, 163. 

Fitch, Rufus, 1052. 

Fitzgerald, John, Lt. col. and aide to 
Washington, 239, 674. Letters from, 
257, 323, 328, 381. 389, 517, 522, 525, 

534, 537, 549, 576. Drafts and cop 
ies by, 63, 140, 158, 162. 165, 180, 
188, 194, 195, 218, 221, 222, 230, 231, 
232, 233, 235, 236, 237, 239, 240, 
241, 245, 247, 255, 265, 289, 300, 302, 
308, 333, 336, 344, 350, 351, 359, 368, 
374, 375, 377, 384, 389, 393, 399, 401, 
404, 416, 420, 423, 432, 438, 441, 443, 
450, 451, 454, 457, 462, 466, 478, 482, 
492, 508, 511, 512, 516, 519, 525, 534, 

535, 555, 560, 687, 696, 701. 
Fitzhugh, Peregrine, Cornet, 3d Conti 
nental dragoons; It. col. and extra 
aide to Washington, 607, 619; ap 
pointed aide, 1798. Letter from, 
1798. Letter to, 1300. Drafts and 
copies by, 614, 1903, 1956, 1957. 

Fitzhugh, William, Cornet, 3d Conti 
nental dragoons, 1424. 

Fitzhugh, William, Col., of Maryland, 
2030. 

Fitzpatrick, Richard, Capt. and It. col., 
5th Foot Guards, British army, 51)6, 
600, 607; powers as exchange com 
missioner, 566. 590, 611; proposi 
tions, 597. Letter from, 590. Letter 
to, 590. 

Fitzrandolph, Asher, Capt., New Jer 
sey militia; American spy, 1232. 
1318, 1523. Letters to, 1785, 1787. 

Fitzrandolph, Nathaniel, Capt., Nciv 
Jersey militia, 712. 

Fitzsimmons, , 1657. 

Five per cent impost, the: see Impost 
act. 

Flag boats, see Boats. 

Flags, see Standards. 



Flags of truce, 248, 473, 482, 532, 550, 
623, 869, 883, 902, 1016, 1213, 1326. 
1447, 1793, 1842, 1921, 2033, 2110, 
2114, 2177, 2250, 2346, 2362; abuse 
of, 899, 2020, 2026; applications for, 
948, 1482, 1489, 2153, 2279; 

British, 397, 1549, 1867, 1868, 
1872, 2142, 2194, 2205, 2217 ; deten 
tion of, 1554, 2123, 2150, 2203, 2286. 
2310, 2312 ; to Eastern States, 2352 ; 
fired on, 412, 742, 743, 1545 ; goods 
sent into New York under, 2282; 
letters brought by, 2142; received 
at Dobbs Ferry, 2240; received at 
New Bridge, 2312; reception and 
regulation of, 2314, 2327 ; sent back, 
1571, 2202, 2218 ; seized, 480, 2028 ; 
treatment of, 785, 1747, 1866, 2028, 
2029; to Verplanck s Point, 388; 
see also Boats, British ; 

British notified as to, 2202; for pa 
roled British officers, 2128, 2140; 
British violation of, 1118; to Can 
ada, 814, 2260; to civilians, 2074; 
communication with, 1248; corre 
spondence respecting, 2145 ; delay of. 
905; detained, 1420; directions and 
instructions governing, 899, 1451, 
1597, 1599, 2129, 2146, see also under 
regulations; at Dobbs Ferry, 2111, 
2112, 2141, 2142, 2240, 2258, 2267, 
2276; fired upon, 10, 11, 518, 521; 
granting of, 1460, 1496, 2074, 2128; 
intelligence through, 1761, 1890; 
laxity at Elizabethtown, 1872; for 
private letters, 2274; monthly, 901; 
naval, between French and British 
fleets, 1610; at Newbridge, 2312; to 
enter New York, 1337. 1774; officer 
to accompany, 1503, 1774, 1781 ; with 
peace news, 2388; persons passing 
under, 2130; places to receive, 778; 
for prisoners, 301, 896, 1303, 2218: 
regulations, control, rules, etc., 1119, 
1453, 2068, 2130, 2164, 2215, 2228; 
release of, 269, 2099; to Rhode 
Island, 861 ; route for, 602 ; stoppage 
of, 2116; treatment of, 1126. 2131: 
from Vermont to the British. 2236. 

Flags, signals, 2207. 



JANUARY-.TUXE 

jDLl r -DECEMBER__ 



1775 1776 

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354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2579 



Flahaven, John, Capt., 1st New Jersey 
regiment, 303. 

Flatboats, see Boats. 

Flatbush (Long Island), 1580, 2164. 

Fleming, Charles, May., 1st Virginia 
regiment, Letter to, 1063. 

Fleming, George, Capt., 2d Continental 
artillery, 2361. 

Fleming, William. Master brig 
"Jenny," 1637. 

Fletcher Samuel, Continental agent, 
Boston, assisted, 747 ; his conception 
of duty, 786. Letters from, 746, 
751, 761, 786. Letters to, 738, 753. 

Fleury, Francois Louis Telsseidre, 
Marquis de, Capt., French engi 
neers; volunteer; brig.-maj.; It. col., 
engineers, Continental army, 302, 
458, 465, 632, 689, 956, 1095, 1135, 
1137, 1143; leave of absence, 878; 
his account of attack on Fort Miff- 
lin, 450; applies for place in the 
half-pay establishment, 1639; assis 
tance to Steuben, 948; circum 
stances of his coming to America, 
886; complaint, 470; departure for 
France, 1163; at Fort Mifflin, 445, 
448, 450, 455, 460; injury. 886; jour 
nal, 439, 440, 457, 460, 465, 467, 470 ; 
merit and value, 731, 1095 ; observa 
tions, 531; his officers. 1113; opin 
ion on Fort Mifflin, 448, 450, 470; 
plan against British ships, 531, 534, 
535; certificate of service. 1100; at 
Stony Point, 1096; wounded, 467. 
Letters from, 448, 450, 455. 460, 468, 
531, 534, 877, 886, 1113. Letters to, 
458, 535, 1163. 

Flint, Royal, Asst. commissary gen 
eral of purchases; member of firm 
of Parker & Co., 867, 980, 982, 993, 
998, 999, 1202; needs money, 975, 
1011, 1214; report, 1177; requests 
information. 818 ; retirement, 1247 ; 
on the situation, 1272; Washing 
ton s approbation and personal 
esteem for, 1247. Letters from, 809. 
818, 825, 828, 829, 833, 838, 975, 982, 
987, 990, 996, 1004, 1011, 1175, 1179, 
1183, 1200, 1207, 1214, 1247, 1272, 
2400. Letters to. 727, 786, 803. 822, 



Flint, Royal Continued. 

982, 989, 995, 1000, 1128, 1214, 1247, 
1286. 

Flints, 13, 79, 146, 147, 148, 149, 548; 
needed, 144, 977, 986, 1455; pur 
chased, 566. 

Floating battery, see Batteries. 

Flogging, see Punishments. 

Flood, John, Mariner of Maroncck, 
New York, 1815. Letter to, 1805. 

Florida, 1639; expeditions against, 
1132, 1267, 1268, 1640, 1673; French 
project against, 1267, 1268; Spanish 
designs against, 1639, 1640, 1673; 
Spanish success in, 1262. 

Florida, East, 2181 ; British movements 
in, 2175; expedition against, 1239: 
refugees going to, 2193; Wayne s 
proclamation to citizens and soldiery 
in, 2177. 

Flour, 25, 37, 150, 192, 198, 199, 208, 212. 
219, 221, 222, 231, 294, 305, 306, 307, 
318, 345, 522, 524, 571, 599, 638, 729, 
751, 809, 833, 931, 996, 1047, 1062, 
1140, 1174, 1177, 1195, 1242, 1256, 
1303, 1323, 1326, 1327, 1342, 1343, 
1353, 1354, 1377, 1401, 1423, 1443 ; 
1449, 1451, 1458, 1461, 1464, 1471, 
1487, 1488, 1489, 1491, 1494, 1505, 
1519, 1522. 1527, 1529, 1534, 1542. 
1637, 1645, 1653, 1663, 1666, 1676, 
1681, 1687, 1688, 1702, 1737, 1742, 
1782, 1817, 1818, 1826, 1862, 1884, 
1954, 2228 ; allowance, 1177 ; arrange 
ments, 2219 ; assurances, 1525 ; bags, 
751; borrowed from the French, 
1749 ; bread equivalent, 1613 ; British 
need of, 892, 897, 908; British fur 
nished with, 555, 906; called for, 
1568; captured, 28, 63; collection, 
480, 498, 853, 1392, 1651; contract 
matters, 2116, 2117, 2134, 2228; de 
ficiency, 966, 1286, 2228 ; difficulty in 
procuring, 829, 870, 1234, 1240, 1370, 
1574, 1601, 1992; embargo, 1619; es 
cort and guard for, 1401, 1434; esti 
mate, 2161; exchanged, 1925, 1927; 
expectation of, 1249; forwarding of, 
126, 503, 539, 540, 818, 822, 825, 925, 
1008. 1050, 1086, 1227, 1304, 1365, 
1370, 1375, 1379, 1383, 1404, 1486, 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Flour Continued. 

1492, 1499, 1553, 1603, 1629, 1682, 
1777, 1801, 1812. 1817, 1825, 1949, 
1952 ; for the French, 715, 1457, 1645, 
1691, 1952; furnished to the enemy, 
555, 906 ; impress, 1619, 1839 ; Indian 
meal, 1482; instructions regarding, 
1825 ; issues, 1613, 1622, 1819 ; lent by 
Rhode Island, 769; legislative acts, 
828, 1256; magazines, 309, 310, 752, 
803, 835, 837, 845, 1234, 1777; in 
mills, 1266 ; need, scarcity, want, etc., 
of, 201, 256, 428, 503, 719, 740, 821, 
826, 830, 870, 880, 892, 909, 915, 974, 
990, 996, 1000, 1027, 1189, 1190, 1203, 
1209, 1235, 1238, 1243, 1278, 1300, 
1330, 1340, 1366. 1404. 1457, 1483, 
1491, 1526, 1527, 1555, 1562, 1568, 
1607, 1614, 1622, 1644, 1646, 1653, 

1805, 1812, 2161 ; in Northern depart 
ment, 296; places of deposit, 1936, 
2161; plan for furnishing, 1497; for 
prisoners, 619, 621, 638, 910, 948, 980 ; 
for British prisoners, 502, 1995 ; pur 
chase. 181, 823, 853, 859, 867, 1486, 
1812, 1881; purchased by traders, 
2037 ; purchasers, 751 ; purchases with 
specie by the French, 1789; ration, 
969, 1082; ration substitute, 714, 864, 
1177, 1457 ; removal, 560, 1320, 1401 ; 
reserve, 1597 ; returns, 955, 1487 ; 
route for, 1074 ; safety of, 630, 1782 ; 
seizure, 480, 555, 819, 882; storage, 
318, 1316; substitutes for, 714, 864, 
1177, 1457 ; supply, 46, 101, 126, 503, 
552, 751, 825, 869, 871, 880, 933, 946, 
950, 980, 982, 990, 1038, 1165, 1175, 
1177, 1179, 1226, 1485, 1486, 1501, 1506, 
1524, 1546, 1555, 1602, 1619, 1635, 1642, 
1654, 1665, 1673, 1731, 1756, 1782, 
1790, 1795, 1801, 1825, 1861, 1998, 
2004; transportation, 27, 202, 349, 
751, 811, 859, 1179, 1314, 1392, 1458, 
1459, 1461, 1462, 1489, 1651, 1653, 
1654, 1661, 1662, 1664, 1665, 1681, 
1707, 1764, 1792, 1802, 1803, 1804, 

1806, 1840, 1868; for Washington, 
1855; from Washington s mills, 1952. 

Flour ship, see Ships. 
Flower, Benjamin, Commissary gen 
eral, military stores; col., Artillery 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Flower. Benjamin Continued. 

artificer regiment, 560, 1242, 1259: 
ability, 1016; commission, 147, 236; 
certificate of service, 892; necessi 
ties, 892; pay, 892; rank, 912, 998, 
1013, 1016. Letters from, 389, 406. 
559, 892, 912, 998, 1261, 1318. Let 
ters and instructions to, 235, 281, 
406, 511, 523, 571, 577, 650, 892, 1252, 
1268. Regiment, 1259, 1261, 1318, 
1485 ; letter from officers of, 1485. 

Flower, Samuel, Capt., 3d Massachu 
setts regiment, 1071, 1265. 

Flower, - (Mrs.), of Marcus Hook, 
Pennsylvania, 619, 634. 

Floyd, John, Master, British merchant 
ship "Amazon," 2282. 

Floyd (Floyed), Richard, Col., loyal 
ist militia, Suffolk county, New 
York, 1811. Letters to, 1409, 1438. 

Flushing (White Stone, Long Island). 
1412. 

Flying army and Flying camp, see 
Army, Continental. 

Flying hospital, see Hospital. 

Fog. 1581. 

Fogg, Jeremiah, Capt., 2d New Hamp 
shire regiment, 1171. Letters from, 
1767, 1790. Orders to, 1866. 

Fonda, Jellis, Col., Tryon county, Neiv 
York militia; judge Tryon county, 
1758. Letters from, 846, 847. Letter 
to, 1423. 

Fonda, John, Justice of the peace, 
Tryon count}/, New York, Letter 
from, 847. 

Fonda, John. Ensign, 1st New York 
regiment, 1965. 

Fone, John Baptist, Canadian refugee, 9. 

Fontaine, sec Rochefontaine. 

Fontevieux, Chevalier de, Lt., Ar- 
mand s corps, 955. 

Food, see Provisions. 

Foot, Ebenezer, Receiver of cattle, 
quartermaster department at Crom- 
pond, N. Y., 1456: clerk, 1475; con 
duct, 1458, 1467, 1476, 1481; guard 
for. 1475, 1508, 1517. 1518. Letters 
from, 1508, 1539, 1673. Letters to, 
1435, 1504. 1517. 1528. 

Footman, Richard, 1405. 



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G75-894 



INDEX 



2581 



Forage (Hay), 78, 232, 233, 332, 505, 
513, 547, 553, 556, 565, 566, 589, 617, 
663, 683, 701, 730, 734, 749, 784, 885, 
899, 990, 1021, 1065, 1085, 1114, 1174, 
1175, 1177, 1180, 1181, 1214, 1234, 
1294, 1411, 1443, 1448, 1456, 1461, 
1484, 1498, 1499, 1503, 1507, 1523, 
1533, 1580, 1617, 1620, 1647, 1693, 
1706, 1707, 1717, 1827, 1922, 1928, 
1952, 2007, 2034, 2209, 2217, 2240, 
2246, 2294, 2298, 2299, 2301, 2385; 
accounts, 1358, 2319; advertisement 
for, 897; allowance, 2052, 2434; for 
artillery, 637 ; arrangements, 519, 
2219; 

British, 292, 475, 717, 748, 804, 
828, 999, 1160, 1198, 1531, 1905, 
1959; collection of, 778, 1164, 1166, 
1200, 1391, 1406, 1498, 1905, 2267; 
destroyed, 1599, 1600, 1622, 1624, 
2055 ; guards, 1583 ; loaded on fleet, 
762, 785, 814, 2225; magazines, 
1181 ; need, distress, want, etc., of, 
247, 507, 882, 927, 1273, 1891 ; sup 
ply, 471 ; 829, 877, 1402, 1612, 2235, 
2236, 2254, 2266 ; 

burned, 248, 477, 556, 558; calls for, 
1481; captured, 758, 1171, 1989; for 
cavalry, 527, 540, 584; certificates, 
1531; claims, 788, 2430; collection of, 
416, 549, 757, 846, 883, 1105, 1347; 
commissaries, see Commissaries ; 
commissary general of, see Commis 
sary general; consumption of, 830, 
880, 999, 1046 ; consumption by allied 
armies in Westchester, 1945, 1952, 
1964, 2000, 2022, 2032, 2034, 2074, 
2113, 2126, 2149, 2150, 2151-2152, 
2171; contract, 2005; corn from, 
1207; crop, 1519, 1912; deficiencies, 
1502 ; department, 846, 849, 1531 ; de 
struction of, 247, 248, 477, 502, 548, 
549, 550, 554, 556, 558, 563, 574 ; diffi 
culties, 535, 843, 846, 863, 1007, 1443, 
1794, 2221, 2304 ; economy, 1524 ; ex 
emption, 707; for expresses, 1493; 
estimates, 1286, 2173, 2174, 2299 ; for 
warded, 1124, 1303, 1484, 1503, 1521, 
1543, 1629, 1647 ; guard for, 462 ; im 
press, 749, 846, 856, 858, 890, 891, 
1030, 1046, 1395, 1414, 1415, 1427, 



Forage (Hay) Continued. 
1510, 1990; issues, 595, 788; law, 
846; magazines, 508, 537, 538, 879, 
893, 1175, 1195, 1241, 2032; need, 
lack, deficiency, want, scarcity, etc., 
of, 322, 523, 546, 563, 566, 622, 696, 
770, 835, 858, 872, 890, 891, 897, 915, 
976, 1003, 1035, 1050, 1169, 1175, 1182, 
1192, 1198, 1286, 1297, 1303, 1327, 
1488, 1538, 1540, 1638, 1641, 1799, 
1816, 2009, 2037, 2076, 2173, 2215, 
2246, 2271, 2284, 2299, 230G ; obtain- 
inent and methods, 730, 1046, 1531, 
2173, 2299; orders, 1458, 1528, 1706, 
1711; payment for, 556, 904, 2189, 
2299, 2301; places of deposit, 1283; 
pressing of hay, 882; prices, 707, 733, 
743, 750, 2188; protection of, 560, 
1167, 1168, 1241; purchase of, 749, 
1260, 1315, 1883, 1519 ; letter to pur 
chasers of hay, 1645; quality, 538, 
1519, 1543; refused, 1395; removal, 
58, 239, 245, 574, 580, 586, 599, 1032, 
1063, 1240, 1241; returns, 566, 900, 
917, 1628, 1629, 1883, 1964, 2074, 2150, 
2173 ; sales of, 1241, 2299 ; salt, 1605 ; 
seizures, 249, 507, 543, 566* 589, 889, 
917, 1035, 1713, 1905, 2299; seizures 
by British, 761, 850, 1166; short, 
1626; situation, 1260, 1262; spoilt, 
1458; storage, 322, 787, 1176, 1316; 
supplies, 513, 788, 872, 883, 891, 896, 
938, 1032, 1033, 1175, 1235, 1241, 1260, 
1281, 1497-1498, 1524, 1654, 1912, 
2170, 2173, 2174, 2243, 2430; trans 
portation of, 802, 807, 810, 849, 1310, 
1346, 1652; see also Navy, British; 
for Washington, 1533, 1535 ; weights, 
1502 ; wheat used for, 844. 

Foragemaster, 913, 1395, 2170 ; issuing, 
421 ; see also Commissary of forage. 

P oragemaster department, British, 
2126. 

Foragemaster general, 2174. See also 
Franks, Isaac. 

Foraging expeditions, 247, 506, 507, 
548, 549, 550, 553, 693, 694, 821, 902, 
1179, 1319, 1478, 1479, 1542, 1545, 
1603, 1605, 1608, 1610, 1612, 1617, 
1652, 1706, 1707, 1938, 1958; direc 
tions governing, 928; position, 550; 



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Foraging expeditions Continued, 
preparations, 247, 1214; safety of, 
551; success, 259, 550, 1173, 1485, 
1624; 

British, 416, 502, 506, 548, 557, 
572, 582, 715, 753, 757, 758, 760, 
769, 771, 777, 780, 781, 783, 994, 
1330, 1336, 1578, 1584, 1585, 1605, 
1844, 1961, 2194, 2296; burn 
houses, 783; captured, 456; check 
of, 259, 762, 1953; Hessian, 501; 
intercepted, resisted, etc., 442, 
443, 789, 1951; preparations, 550, 
2161; retreat, 567. 

Forays, see Raids. 

Forbach, Comtess de, Widow of Comte 
Deux Fonts, Letter from, 955. 

Forbes, Samuel, Justice of the peace, 
Litchfleld county, Connecticut, 66. 

Forbes, William, Tanner, 131. 

Ford, Benjamin, Lt. col., 6th Maryland 
regiment, Letters from, 524, 990, 
1004, 1015, 1029. Letters to, 707, 
708, 730, 992, 1031. 

Ford, Jacob, jr., Col., Morris county, 
New Jersey, militia, 227; engage 
ment with enemy, 222 ; memorial, 93. 
Orders to, 212. 

Foreign officers, see Officers. 

Foreign troops, see Army, British, 
German allied troops; also Army, 
Continental, 

Foreigners in the army, 390; enlist 
ment of, 2240; prejudice against, 
2442; Washington on, 526. 

Forfeitures, to captors, 559. 

Forgers, captured, 2419. 

Forges, operating, 2197; traveling, 
521, 522, 548, 817, 933. 934, 1931. 

Forman, David, Col., Additional Con 
tinental regiment; ~brig. gen., Nciv 
Jersey militia, 334, 352, 359, 360. 
979, 1365, 1366, 1383, 1403, 1414, 
1598, 1900, 1985, 2004, 2100, 2275, 
2361, 2362; attempts to assemble 
militia, 451, expresses, 2206; family 
troubles, 1828; intelligence for, 400; 
intelligence through, 375, 1364, 1372, 
1920, 1971, 2005, 2190, 2206, 2210, 
2217; difficulty in obtaining intel- 



1775 

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Forman, David Continued. 

ligence, 1747, 1910, 2199 ; expense 
of obtaining intelligence, 2014, 2016, 
2288; value of his intelligence to 
Washington, 1938; interview with 
governor and Assembly of New Jer 
sey, 461 ; on Lee s actions at Mon- 
mouth, 675 ; opinion, 561 ; presents 
lemons to Washington, 387 ; resig 
nation, 461; Washington s apprecia 
tion of his efforts, 1944; Washing 
ton thanks for intelligence, 1938. 
1969. Letters from, 334, 340, 359, 
372, 375, 387, 399, 431, 433, 436, 439. 

448. 461, 516, 561, 573, 672, 675, 
1365, 1367, 1372, 13S1, 1392, 1395, 
1404, 1411, 1417, 1422, 1498, 1529, 
1607, 1747, 1828, 1846, 1902, 1910, 
1911, 1919, 1920, 1923, 1930, 1935, 
1936, 1937, 1938, 1943, 1949, 1960. 
1971, 1972, 1980, 2005, 2006, 2014, 
2044, 2052, 2053, 2199, 2205, 2211, 
2217. 2219, 2223, 2238, 2242, 2260. 
2262, 2278, 2361. Letters and or 
ders to, 211, 360, 424. 425, 426, 429, 
434, 439, 442, 446, 449, 450, 452, 454, 
531, 584, 682, 1364. 1393, 1395, 1605, 
1824, 1834, 1901, 1908, 1914, 1920, 
1921, 1931, 1934, 1935, 1938, 1942, 
1944, 1954, 1969, 2016, 2045, 2190. 
2206, 2210, 2218, 2225, 2288. 2361. 
Regiment, 359, 424, 425, 426, 429, 

449, 587. 

Forman, Ezekiel, 2361. 

Forman, Jonathan, Maj., 1st Neiv Jer 
sey regiment, 2224, 2232, 2303, 2304. 
2305. Letters from, 1008, 2228, 2267. 
2296, 2305. Letter to, 2296. Bat 
talion and officers, 2221. 

Forman, Samuel, Letter from, 665. 

Forms, of discharges, 1653, 1656; of 
furloughs, 1653, 1656. 

Forrest, Samuel, see De Forrest. 

Forrest, Thomas, Maj. and It. col., 4th 
Continental artillery, 2000; ac 
quitted. 2012, 2016; charges against. 
1932, 1965, 2012, 2016; pay, 2014; 
personal affairs, 1607; rank, 581, 
946, 1011, 1016; resignation, 1913, 
1965; services, 946. Letters from, 
946, 1011, 1023, 1607, 1691, 1768, 

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INDEX 



2583 



Forrest, Thomas Continued. 

1913, 2012. Letter to, 571, 1018, 
1615, 1788, 1965, 2016. 

Forrest, Uriah, Col., 7th Maryland 
regiment, Letters from, 1301, 1463. 
Letter to, 1494. 

Forst, David, Maj., Pennsylvania mi 
litia, 593, 595. 

Forster, George, Capt., 8th Foot, 
British arm)/, 192, 193. 

Forsyth, Robert. Adj., Stephens bri 
gade; capt., Lee s Partisan corps; 
maj., Virginia state regiment, 210, 
1116, 1124. Letter from, 1328. 

Forsythe, James, Asst. commissary of 
issues, Letter from, 1523. Letters 
to, 1517, 1526, 1527, 1534. 

Fort Alden (New York), 709; attacked, 
845 ; captured, 846, 847, 854. 

Fort Ann (New York), 781; ammuni 
tion and intrenching tools needed. 
360, 1983; British advance against, 
373; captured, 1154, 1571, 1589; 
evacuated, 361; killed and wounded 
at, 1154; road from, 366. 

Fort Arnold (West Point, New York), 
708, 749; barracks burned, 1238; 
command at, 689; garrison, 1063; 
ordnance and stores, 1063, 1190; 
provisions, 72S ; returns, 1063 ; troops 
ordered to, 728. 

Fort Clinton (Highlands, New York), 
British evacuate, 449 ; barracks, 855 ; 
bomp-proof, 2154 ; construction work, 
449, 450, 517; destroyed, 449, 453; 
horses in garrison, 701 ; loss of, 438, 
575, 576; magazines at, 1238, 2433; 
provisions at, 2075 ; rations for, 792 ; 
troops wintered at, 809; workmen s 
needs at, 792. 

Fort Coles (New York), 847, 859. 

Fort Constitution (Highlands, New 
York), 118, 123, 136, 324; arms at, 
101, 128; artillery and stores, 116, 
207 ; batteries at, 137 ; boom at, 462 ; 
British at, 435; British destroy can 
non at, 462; command at, 118; com 
missioners, 116; construction work, 
118, 123 ; expense, 116, 118 ; garrison, 
98, 115, 118, 271; infirmary, 105; 
loss of, 435, 441, 502; ordnance and 



Fort Constitution Continued. 

ordnance stores, 116, 207, 1063; pro 
visions, 105, 107, 116, 118; state, 149; 
troops at, 128, 213 ; workmen at, 116, 
129. 

Fort Dayton (on the Ohio), 2424. 

Fort Edward (New York), 361, 742, 
762; abandoned, 1600; attack on, 
381; barracks, 781, 782; conditions 
at, 1793; confusion at, 366; country 
between Oswegatchie and, 1025; 
flour at, 345; garrison, 781; killed 
and wounded at, 1154 ; militia leave, 
. 376 ; road from, 132 ; state of, 381 ; 
stores at, 362. 

Fort Frederick (Maryland), 1669, 
1996. 

Fort Frederick (Virginia), 1978. 

Fort Frontenac, see Frontenac. 

Fort George (Lake George, New 
York), 53, 54, 96, 1505; articles of 
capitulation, 1565; British advance 
from, 1601 ; cannon sent to, 87 ; con 
struction work, 126 ; evacuation, 
374, 1537; garrison, 114, 126, 129; 
hospital, 153; loyalists at, 1837; 
medicines, 154; surrendered, 1154, 
1565, 1571, 1574, 1589, 1606; stores 
at, 366 ; strength, 367, 370 ; troops at, 
26, 91, 235, 930, 1559. 

Fort George (New York city), 1880. 

Fort Granby (South Carolina), arti 
cles of capitulation of, 1830; cap 
tured, 1832, 1860; British prisoners 
taken at, 1833. 

Fort Hand (New York), attack and 
repulse, 992, 998. 

Fort Herkimer (New York), 1839, 
1844, 1845, 2044; ammunition at, 
1886; cannon at, 1886, 1893, 1894; 
construction work, 1886, 1894; mag 
azine, 2325, 2420 ; ordnance at, 2424 ; 
provisions for, 1886, 2323, 2423; 
stores, 1893, 1894. 

Fort Hunter (New York), 1423, 1445. 

Fort Independence (near Kingsb ridge, 
New York), attempt on, 241, 242, 
245, 246, 248, 253; barracks burned, 
199; British evacuate, 622, 791, 837; 
British near, 843; British strength 



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Fort Independence Continued. 

at, 237; evacuation, 199; failure of 
attempt against, 242, 245, 246, 248, 
253; loss of, 200; skirmish at, 239; 
summons to surrender, 237; sup 
plies from, 200. 

Fort Independence (opposite Ticon- 
deroga, Vermont), evacuation, 364, 
365, 367, 380; expedition against, 
230, 237. 

Fort Island, see Fort Mifflin. 

Fort Jenkins (Pennsylvania), 1008. 

Fort Johnson (South Carolina), 190. 

Fort Knyphausen (New York), 1SSO. 

Fort Lafayette (Verplanck s Point), 
surrender of, 1043, 1047, 1048 ; terms 
granted, 1043. 

Fort Laurens (on the Tuscarawas), 
971; ambuscade near, 959; attacks 
on, 915, 922, 951, 965, 1003, 1030, 
1035, 1037; cannon needed at, 994; 
evacuation of, 1024; flour boats 
sent to, 925; garrison, 1000; hold 
ing of, 1001, 1010, 1050; Indians 
between Fort Mclntosh and, 943; 
massacre near, 942; provisions, 918, 
942, 1002, 1050; relief of, 942, 949, 
978; siege of, 942; stores and sup 
plies, 918, 954, 978, 1036. 

Fort Lee (New Jersey), 1413, 1835, 
1901; attempt against, 1842; Brit 
ish movements at, 205, 209, 791, 
1829; British blockhouse at, 1829, 
1834; loyalist post at, 1842; obser 
vations from, 2283; troops at, 200. 

Fort Mclntosh (Pennsylvania), 1050, 
1787, 2031; abandonment of, 1999; 
ammunition, 2031; British attempt 
on, 922; garrison, 1000, 1733, 1788, 
2031 ; Indian advance toward, 1925 ; 
Indians between Fort Laurens and, 
943; Indian raid near, 1411; pro 
visions, 978. 2031. 

Fort-major, see Garrison-major. 

Fort Masco (Masco fort, on Mascomo 
river, New Hampshire), 2200. 

Fort Mercer, see Red Bank. 

Fort Mifflin (Fort Island, Mud Island, 
Delaware river), 442, 443, 451, 456, 
463, 471; advantages of, 393; am- 



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Fort Mifflin Continued. 

munition, 426, 427, 438, 442, 448, 

466, 472; removal, 471; assaults 
and attacks upon, 434, 438, 439, 440, 
443, 444, 448, 449, 450, 456. 461, 462, 
463, 464, 465, 472; batteries, 470; 
blankets, 449; blockhouses, 467; 
bombardment, 438, 439, 440, 445, 466, 

467, 469, 470, 473, 474; British bat 
teries against, 434, 438, 440, 465, 
470; British failure at, 445, 446; 
British fleet attempt against, 466, 
467; British ships pass, 467, 469; 
British loss at, 449; British prepa 
rations against, 465; British 
strength against, 434, 440; cannon, 
472, 473 ; cannon destroyed, 467 ; can 
non removed, 467, 471 ; chain, 465 ; 
clothing, 449. 457, 458, 461; com 
mand at, 423, 441, 442, 449, 450, 
460, 470; construction of works, 
strengthening, repairs, etc., 293, 298, 
405, 438, 440, 448, 465, 466, 468, 470, 
472; cooperation and harmony with 
the fleet, 448, 454; cooperation with 
Red Bank, 442 ; damage, 440, 445, 465, 
466, 472; defense, 407, 423, 429, 
437, 441, 445, 458, 464, 465, 472, 475, 
489, 498; defense orders, 461; 
demolition, 467; destruction of 
works, 482 ; effect of British fire on, 
465; engineering work at, 440, 458; 
evacuation, 466, 467, 470, 471, 473, 
474, 475, 476, 477, 493, 545; evacu 
ation directions, 468; fascines, 465; 
scheme of flooding meadows, 442, 
454; galleys to defend, 455; gar 
rison, 434, 438, 469, 475; garrison 
fatigued, 465, 466, 467, 469, 470; 
garrison health, 432; garrison re 
moved, 467, 473; garrison spirits, 
439, 468; garrison strength, 448, 
465; holding of, 466, 468, 470, 471, 
472; importance of. 426, 441, 443; 
inquiry into loss of, 545; officers 
wounded and deserving merit, 474, 
475; operations against, 443; pali 
sades, 460, 465, 467; powder wasted 
at, 482; reenforcements, 426, 438, 
439, 442, 443. 447, 448. 450, 451, 
456, 457, 458, 459, 462, 465, 470, 472; 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2585 



Fort Mifflin Continued, 
relief, 465, 466, 468, 470, 475 ; report 
on, 404 ; river passes, 407 ; rum, 465 ; 
sick at, 461; siege, 439, 440, .470; 
situation at, 448, 450, 454, 471, 472, 
473, 474; state of, 445, 465, 468, 
469; stores and supplies, 426, 427, 
442, 470, 471; storm, 437, 470, 473; 
strength, 469; summoned to surren 
der, 435; surprise, 448, 454; troops 
at, 472. Sec also Arendt ; Dela 
ware river forts; Fleury; Greene, 
Christopher,, Smith. Samuel ; Thayer, 
Simeon. 

Fort Montague (New Providence, Ba 
hama Islands), stores taken at, 79. 

Fort Montgomery (Highlands, New 
York), 118, 141, 153, 155, 160, 183, 
254, 324, 347, 431, 432, 1049, 1529; 
arms at, 128; British evacuate and 
destroy, 449, British loss at, 440; 
cannon at, 123, 207; captured, 433, 
438, 440, 441 ; command at, 118 ; com 
missioners at, 117; defense of, 386, 
433, 435; destroyed, 449, 453; ex 
pense, 116, 118 ; garrison, 98, 118, 271, 
381; garrison s bravery, 433; inquiry 
into loss of, 545, 550, 575, 576 ; losses 
at, 502; loyalist prisoners at, 116, 
117; mechanics, 117; ordnance, 207; 
provisions, 107, 116, 118; reenforce- 
ments, 146, 183, 395; situation at, 
352; stores and supplies, 116, 117, 
136, 207, 333 ; strength of, 311 ; tools, 
117; troops at, 128, 349, 358; work 
men, 130; see also Highlands, forts. 

Fort Mott (South Carolina), 1828, 
1833, 1860. 

Fort Moultrie (South Carolina), 190; 
British attack and repulse, 135, 138; 
British ships pass, 1303. 

Fort Muncy (Pennsylvania), 1008. 

Fort Nassau (New Providence, Ba 
hama Islands), 79. 

Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), 895, 951, 
965, 1158, 1426, 1496, 1689, 1986, 2001, 
2007, 2053, 2054, 2061, 2187, 2353, 
2373, 2374, 2387, 2434; ammunition 
at, 2031; artificers for, 1800; beef, 
1721; bread, 1465, 1529; British ex- 



Fort Pitt Continued. 

peditions against, 1328, 1736, 1792, 
1999; the Brodhead controversy, 
1921, 1926, 1932-1933, 1942, 1955, see 
also under command; cannon, 1380; 
clothing, 2054; command at, 934, 
1735-1736, 1921, 1926, 1930, 1932- 
1933, 1942, 1943, 2054; confusion at, 
1943, 1958 ; contracts for, 2007 ; con 
struction and repair work, 2008, 
2161; courts-martial at, 1348, 1788; 
dissatisfaction at, 2031, 2038, 2054, 
2090, 2104, 2124 ; distance to Venan- 
go, 978; garrison at, 418, 419, 436, 
497, 2031, 2104, 2106, 2448; Indian 
advance against, 1736, 1925; Indian 
affairs, 648, 793 ; Indian council, 970 ; 
Indian visit, 1014, 1037 ; Indian refu 
gee, 2090; loyalists at 418, 1800; 
officers at, 2037; ordnance, 1348, 
1792 ; provision supply, 919, 946, 978, 
993, 1380, 1411, 1930, 1933, 2031, 
2054. 2090; public property lost at, 
2363; removal of, 2007, 2008; re 
turns, 2106, 2116; road to, 1352; 
Sandusky expedition assembles at, 
2124 ; situation at, 1999, 2037 ; small 
pox at, 418; state of, 1999, 2031, 
2263 ; stores and supplies, 1274, 1315, 
1348, 1380, 1721, 1787, 1792, 2054, 
2373; troops, 418, 494, 1156, 1642, 
1690, 2038, 2090, 2116, 2124, 2363, 
2433; troops withdrawn, 1721; suf 
fering of troops at, 1935; see also 
Pittsburg. 

Fort Plain (New York), 2130, 2156, 
2162. 

Fort Plank (New York), 846. 

Fort Putnam (Highlands, New York), 
708, 1088, 1238, 2075. 

Fort St. George (Long Island), 1630, 
2386; captured, 1622, 1624; colors 
sent to Washington, 1627; plan of, 
1622; British prisoners taken at, 
1621. 

Fort Schuyler (Stanwick, or Stanwix, 
New York), 132, 135, 158, 170, 171, 
175, 383, 1360, 1585, 1724, 1780 ; aban 
donment, 1559, 1563, 1817, 1836; ar 
tillerymen at, 1537; attacks on, 122, 
123, 165, 396, 1193; Arnold sent 



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Fort Schuyler Continued. 

against, 403; barracks burned, 1828, 
1833; beef, 1632, 1807, 1812; bread, 
1812; British attack on, 160, 378, 
380, 679-680, 1332, 1333, 1422, 1427; 
British defeat, 399 ; British garrison, 
112; British retreat, 404, 406; can 
non for, 1741 ; cattle for, 1626 ; com 
mand at, 1650; communication with, 
2430; construction work, 160, 2430; 
council of officers at, 1825 ; damaged, 
1829 ; defense, 363, 384, 1817 ; demoli 
tion, 1839, 1861 ; deserters from, 1349 ; 
distress at, 1815; evacuation, 1425, 
1572, 1812, 1839 ; fires at, 1311, 1321, 
1331, 1828, 1829, 1833, 1835; flour, 
1342, 1343, 1665, 1682 ; garrison, 676, 
1-516, 1563, 1650, 1833 ; garrison s be 
havior, 404; garrison dissatisfied, 
1472; garrison put on short allow 
ance, 1826; garrison strength, 1789; 
Indian attacks on, 160, 351, 354, 
1422, 1789; letter to officer at, 384; 
the Oswegatchie route, 980, 1041, 
2312; the Oswego route, 1080; pos 
session of, 138; post at, 128, 138, 
149; provisions, 169, 732, 821, 1034, 
1359, 1425, 1572, 1575, 1597, 1601, 1611, 
1618, 1619, 1629, 1643, 1738, 1789, 1807, 
1814, 1817, 1826, 1828, 1833 ; reenf orce- 
ments, 354, 367, 840, 1587; relief of, 
411, 1347, 1426, 1427 ; salutes discon 
tinued, 1739; the Schenectady com 
munication, 917, 1614 ; siege, 402, 407, 
408, 409 ; situation at, 399, 1425, 1793, 
1812 ; state of, 404, 1154, 1825, 1826 ; 
strength of, 183, 184; supplies and 
stores, 171, 570, 840, 1342, 1352, 1368, 
1533, 1557, 1605, 1681, 1741, 1812, 
1816-1817, 1825, 1829, 1839, 1846, 
1861, 2422; support of, 1337; sum 
moned to surrender and reply, 398; 
troops at 492, 1341, 1557, 1563, 1572, 
1606, 1614, 1680; troops withdrawn 
from, 1253, 1334. 

Fort Slauser (Lake Erie), 2353. 

Fort Slongo (Long Island), 1794, 1799, 
2386; attack on, 1956; captured, 
1963; expedition against, 1961; pris 
oners, etc., taken, 1961 ; sketch plans 
of, 1794, 1955. 



1775 

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JANUABY-.TUXB 1 

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Fort Sorel (Canada), 974. 

Fort Stanwix, see Fort Schuyler. 

Fort Stark (New Hampshire), 847. 

Fort Try on (New York), 1880. 

Fort Van Dyke (New York), 924. 

Fort Van Rensselaer (New York), 
2044, 2105, 2260, 2325, 2424. 

Fort Wallace (Pennsylvania), Letter 
to commanding officer at, 928. 

Fort Washington (New York), 138. 
277 ; battery, 201 ; British at or near, 
208, 230, 231, 804, 811, 822, 825, 836. 
843, 868, 1182, 1211, 1230, 1756 ; Brit 
ish dismantle, 2160; British evacua 
tion, 622, 640; British fortifications 
near, 2283, 2289; British ships re 
turn below, 1380; capture of, 210; 
defense of, 196; prisoners, 221, 252; 
situation at, 138; summons to sur 
render and reply, 207 ; Willett s suc 
cess at, 403. 

Fort Watson (Watkins, South Caro 
lina), 1796, 1798, 1849. 

Fort Williams (South Carolina), 1664. 

Fort Willis (Highlands. New York). 
708. 

Fortesque (Fortescue), John, Private, 
6th Pennsylvania regiment, 1837, 
1839. 

Fortifications, redoubts, works, etc., 67, 
308, 314, 324, 328, 330, 331, 390, 405, 
416, 430, 438, 460, 482, 484, 492, 501, 
503, 506, 508, 517, 526, 527, 535, 558, 
566, 568, 575, 577, 598, 599, 624, 673, 
674, 687, 696, 697, 699, 708, 716, 729, 
733, 735, 743, 746, 749, 755, 758, 763, 
765, 815, 821, 824, 837, 893, 915, 950, 
959, 976, 977, 981, 1088, 1106, 1159, 
1161, 1163, 1165, 1167, 1170, 1183, 
1192, 1217, 1250, 1266, 1270, 1276, 
1277, 1305, 1371, 1375, 1426, 1432, 
1437, 1448, 1473, 1474, 1503, 1868. 
1936, 1969, 1999, 2044, 2045, 2075. 
2212, 2238, 2251, 2288, 2300, 2435; 

British, 434, 445, 461, 465, 480, 
482, 491, 531, 631, 644, 757, 803, 
806, 862, 867, 871, 974, 1000, 1006, 
1025, 1053, 1093, 1095, 1102, 1119, 
1120, 1142, 1150. 1151, 1160, 1166, 
1176, 1178, 1182, 1211, 1221, 1232, 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2587 



Fortifications Continued. 

1245, 1264, 1267, 1321, 1327, 1333 ; 
1337. 1349, 1350, 1355, 1363, 1366, 
1370, 1405, 1430, 1451, 1453, 1467, 
1482, 1489, 1496, 1531, 1548, 1556, 

1598, 1607-1608, 1624, 1627, 1631, 
1700, 1750, 1827, 1831, 1835, 1870, 
1885, 11)08, 1946, 1955, 1959, 1962, 
1968, 2002, 2014, 2023, 2054, 2065, 
2093, 2099, 2101, 2151, 2158, 2160, 
2172, 2209, 2230, 2252, 2266, 2281, 
2283, 2291, 2303, 2311, 2312, 2346; 
account of, 1806; captured, 1969, 
1970 ; construction, erection, etc., 
of, 994, 1128, 1129, 1338, 1340, 
1345, 1896, 2097, 2106, 2126, 2262; 
demolition of, 1967 ; material, 
1550; needed, 2382; position of, 
1324; reconnoitered, 2289; for 
refugees, 1896; sketch of, 1421, 

1599, 1811 ; state of, 678 ; stormed, 
699, 1969, 1970; strength of, 1580, 
2019, 2283; troops in, 2283; 

cleanliness in, 1849; construction, 
erection, etc., of, 326, 460, 551, 559, 
755, 761, 774, 1180, 1187, 1188, 1321, 
1331, 1339, 1346, 1350, 1369, 1385, 
1412, 1452, 1458, 1477, 1487, 1569, 
1585, 1594, 1844, 1845, 1852, 1861, 
1867, 1886, 1955, 1988, 2082, 2163, 
2211, 2230, 2329, 2446; damaged, 
2279; defects, 708; demolition of, 
1839, 1926, 2084, 2100, 2101, 2106; 
engineer for, 970; expense of, 1474, 
1519, 2329; French, 789, 1515, 1840, 
2163; importance, 2329; inspection, 
789, 1438; material, 898, 1187, 1442; 
memorial on, 529; militia work on, 
1369; needed, 1983; plans, 804, 807, 
815, 819, 874, 1331, 1344, 1392, 1604 ; 
protection of, 1476; provision and 
water supply of, 1549 ; 

redoubts, in the Highlands, 324, 

1217, 1506; British, 471, 639, 1806; 

fire in, 1220, 1227 ; 

repairs, 1438, 1894, 2008, 2282; re 
port on, 1263 ; state and condition of, 
1435, 1451, 1556, 1576, 1825, 1826, 
1999, 2031; strength, 1548, 1550, 
2297, 2328 ; system, 2402 ; timber for, 
2328 ; workmen needed, 842, 1568. 



Forts, 236, 281, 399, 835, 865, 893, 930, 
942, 949, 950, 955, 976, 1044, 1047, 
1049, 1057, 1255, 1574, 1678, 1749, 
1787; British, 806, 873, 995, 1255, 
1401, 1402, 1794, 1828, 1907, 1975, 
2266, 2311, 2460; construction and 
erection of, 709, 978, 991, 992, 1886; 
captured, 994, 995, 1003; harbor, 
2373; Oneidas request, 895, 908; 
needed, 2378; state of, 1781; weak 
ness of, 1465. See also under various 
names of forts. 

Fosdick, Thomas, Ensign, 19th Conti 
nental Infantry, 189. 

Fossil, Christopher, Private, Virginia 
state dragoons, 1285. 

Foster, Edmund, Sergt., Read s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 34. 

Foster, Gideon, Capt., Mansfield s Mas 
sachusetts regiment, 16. 

Foster, Isaac, Deputy director general, 
hospital, Eastern department, 42; 
his management of the hospital, 
1033. Letters from, 133, 135, 1254. 
Letters to, 238, 294, 1290. 

Foster, Jacob, Chaplain, Heath s bri 
gade, 74. 

Foster, Joseph, Sergt., Woodbridge s: 
Massachusetts regiment, 57. 

Founderies, 235, 236. 

Fountain, Stephen, Long Island loyal 
ist?, Letter from, 189. 

Four Corners (White Plains, New 
York), 1253. 

Fowler, Alexander, Auditor of ac 
counts, Western department, 1955, 
2038; controversy with Brodhead, 
Duncan and others, 1813, 1814, 1925, 
1926, 1930, 1943, 2038; malicious 
nature, 1943. Letters from, 1875, 
1878, 1921, 1926. Letters to, 1814, 
1858, 1876, 1942. 

Fowler, Theodosius, Capt., 2d- New 
York regiment, Letter from, 2455. 
Letter to, 1616. 

Fowles, John, Capt., 13th Massa 
chusetts regiment, Letters from. 
1612, 1617. 

Fox, John, American spy, 481, 482. 

Fox, Thomas, Capt., 6th Virginia regi 
ment, 2318, 2335. 



1779 1780 1781 

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894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

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1782 1783 

Pages I ages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2588 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Fox, British frigate, captured, 366, 

368; officers, 376. 
Frain, Robert, corporal, 62d Foot, 

British army, 1550. 
France, 544, 674, 755, 795, 823, 843, 

852, 859, 878, 890, 958, 1011, 1068, 

1129, 1163, 1294, 1396, 1566, 1568, 

1628, 1634, 1649, 1673, 1675, 1690, 
1704. 1706, 1718, 1723, 1776, 1780, 
1794, 1938, 1980, 1981, 2006, 2023, 
2121, 2193, 2250, 2253, 2257, 2274, 
2286, 2290, 2299, 2317, 2373, 2376, 
2381, 2385, 2389, 2406, 2441, 2445, 
2446; accoutrements from, 677; aid 
and assistance from, 1112, 1237, 
1260, 1356, 1510, 1650, 1776, 1950, 
2086, 2100, 2101, 2388; America s al 
liance with, 833, 920; America s 
gratitude to, 1355, 1401; America s 
obligation to, 2390 ; ammunition from, 
843, 1232, 1629 ; arms from, 253, 281, 
532, 843, 1232, 1424. 1629; army 
manoeuvers in honor of, 2238 ; artil 
lery from, 310, 352, 497, 500, 501; 
artillery artificers from, 302; de 
mand for siege artillery from, 1560, 
1563, 1573; attitude, 82; blankets 
from, 290; British feeling against, 
491; 

captures Dominica, 806, 822; 
Jamaica, 827 ; Minorca, 2095, 2097, 
2101 ; Montserrat, 2061 ; St. Chris 
topher (or St. Kitts), 2034, 2061; 
St. Nevis, 2061; St. Vincent, 830, 
858; Turks Island, 822; West In 
dia islands, 845; 

cession of Nova Scotia and Canada 
to, 745; clothing from, 843, 907,1444, 

1629, 1632, 1643, 1672, 1758, 1762, 
1779, 1830, 2255 ; coat of arms, 1354 ; 
consul in the United States, 1407; 
cooperation with, 1112, 1132, 1156, 
1157, 1356, 1362, 2086; see also 
Army, Continental, cooperation ; 
Army, French, cooperation; and 
Navy, French, cooperation ; Court of, 
1786, 2456; damages Hudson Bay 
Company, 2300; birth of a dau 
phin, 2019, 2022, 2094, 2124, 2137, 
2138, 2140, 2143, 2166, 2316 ; Deane s 
errand to, 83; defeated off Mar- 



1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-60 



France Continued. 

tinique, 2174, see also under de 
Grasse and Navy, French; des 
patches and letters from, 1472, 1627, 
1742. 1824, 1930, 2090-2091, 2163, 
2180; despatches and letters to, 79, 
1649, 1791, 1802; difficulties with 
England, 966; duck and cordage 
from, 344; expedition to Canada, 
1907 ; expedition against Gibraltar, 
911, 1638; expedition against New 
York, 2306; 

expeditions to the United 
States, 1265, 1267, 1314, 1330, 
1369; signals, 1267, 1450; 2d divi 
sion, 1412, 1421, 1434, 1444, 1449- 
1450, 1458, 1638, 1640, 1647, 1657; 
see also under Army, French, co 
operation and expeditions; also 
under Rochambeau, De Grasse, 
and D Estaing; 

feeling toward Washington, 1134; 
forces arrive at Martinique, 1323; 
frigate from, 1739; frigate to, 1576, 
1581 ; gratitude of America to, 1355, 
1401; gun barrels and locks from, 
1742; intelligence and news from, 
288, 311, 755, 1638, 17^0, 2076, 2084, 
2186, 2273, 2304; interest in Amer 
ican affairs, 346; interest in ex 
pelling British from America, 1916; 
interposes to save Asgill, 2288; 
king, see Louis XVI; Lauren s mis 
sion to, 1667, 1680, 1686, 1704, 
1780; magnanimity of, 2363; mili 
tary experience, 2373; minister 
of marine, 1638, 1644, 1647; min 
ister of war, 1742; minister to 
the United States, see Gerard de 
Rayneval and La Luzerne; min 
istry, 1326, 1634, 1639, 1780, 2306; 
money from, 1634, 1758, 1779, 1780, 
1824, 1856, 2017, 2100; the two and 
a half million livres grant, 1778; 
naval aid, 2017 ; officers returning 
to, 2086, 2186; operations in Amer 
ica, 1267 ; orders from, 2i74 ; packet 
from, 369; peace desires, 2153; 
powder from, 80; project against 
Florida, 1267; rank value in, 2003; 
recognition of American independ- 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2589 



France Continued. 

ence by, 606, 607, 608, 615; reen- 
forcements from, 1245, 1731, 1824; 
refuses to conclude a peace unsatis 
factory to the United States, 2357; 
refuses to treat with England except 
in conjunction with the United 
States, 2153; stores and supplies 
from, 277, 278, 298, 305, 309, 310, 
497, 609, 610, 645, 680, 843, 1573, 
1634, 1648, 1762, 1780, 1830, 1940; 
successes, 1143; successes in the 
West Indies, 1863, 1888, 1997; trade 
with, 371; treaty with, 623, 1852; 
treaty with Holland, 2095; troops 
return to, 2369-2370, 2378, 2399; 
ultimatum from Spain, 966; war 
with England, 182, 336, 615, 616, 
632, 749; Washington invited to 
visit, 2266, 2327, 2352, 2367, 2380, 
2381, 2385, 2388, 2389, 2418, 2423, 
2428, 2442, 2457. 

Francis, Aaron, Garrison quartermas 
ter, West Point, 1244. 

Francis, Anne, Wife of Tench Francis, 
Letter from, 1740. Letter to, 1715. 

Francis, Tench, Philadelphia mer 
chant; contractor for supplying the 
army, 489; contract with Morris, 
2075. 

Franciscan monk, see Clergymen. 

Francy, Jean Baptiste Lazarus Theve- 
not de, Agent for Roderigue Horta- 
lez & Co., introduced to Washington, 
526. Letter from, 613. 

Frankfort ( Pennsylvania ) , 477, 484. 

Frankfort road (Pennsylvania), 507. 

Franklin, Benjamin, Pennsylvania dele 
gate, Continental Congress; member 
of the committee in Canada; United 
States commissioner to France; Min 
ister plenipotentiary to France; com 
missioner to negotiate peace with 
Great Britain, 182, 183, 745, 814, 
2305, 2360, 2380 ; grant of money to, 
1778; negotiations with Vergennes, 
1758. Letters from, 103, 411. Let 
ter to, 104. 

Franklin, John, Agent of American 
prisoners to reside in Neiv York, 
1641, 1692, 1703. Letter from. 1664. 



Franklin, Samuel, Corporal, 1st Penn 
sylvania regiment, 1839. 

Franklin, Thomas, 549. 

Franklin, William, Royal It. gov., Neiv 
Jersey; president, board of Associ 
ated Loyalists, 136; commands tory 
levies, 988; designs of, 958; ex 
change, 214, 276, 579. Letter from, 
374. Letters to, 31, 129, 379, 383, 
2090, 2097. 

Franklin, Mrs. William, 374. 

FRANKLIN, Continental armed schooner, 
109, 110, 115. 

Franks, David, British commissary of 
prisoners, 782, 814, 827. 

Franks, David Solebury, Maj. and aide 
to Arnold, 1476; court of inquiry, 
1572, 1577, 1621 ; exculpated by Ar 
nold, 1547. Letters from, 678, 1443, 
1445, 1446, 1451, 1459, 1461, 1471, 
1488, 1572, 1621. Letters to, 1455, 
1468, 1471, 1479, 1577. Drafts and 
copies by, 1458, 1460. 

Franks, Isaac, Foragemaster general, 
Letters from, 1502, 1543. Letter to, 
1503. 

Fraser, Hugh, Deputy chaplain, list 
Foot, British army, 1355. Letter 
from, 1328. 

Fraud, 906, 1876. 

Fraunces, Samuel, New York tavern 
keeper, Letter from, 2426. 

Frazer, Daniel, Private, Malcom s Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, 601. 

Frazer, James, Maj.t, 71st f Foot, Brit 
ish army, 1868. 

Frazer (Fraizer, Frazier), John G., 
Asst. deputy quartermaster general; 
ma; ., 6th Continental infantry, 84, 
86, 88, 89 ; accounts, 95 ; resignation, 
92. Letters from, 92, 325, 632, 633. 
Instructions to, 49. 

Frazer, Persifor, Lt. col., 5th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, Letter from, 433. 
Letter to, 457. 

Frazer, Simon, Col, 24th f Foot, Brit 
ish army, orders to, 228, 

Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, 
806. 

Frederick ( Fredericktown, Maryland), 
872, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2394. 



1779 1780 1781 

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894-1065 1213-1382 16H8-1879 

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2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2590 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Fredericksburg (New York), 289, 775, 
805, 931; camp at, 861; headquar 
ters, 782; march of army to, 739, 
740, 747 ; road to, 781. 

Fredericksburg (Virginia), 529, 823, 
828, 1780, 1791, 1989, 1990. 

Freehold (New Jersey), 669, 1372. 

Freeland, James, Surgeon, 536. 

Freeman, Samuel, Sergt.f, New Jersey 
troops, 170. 

Frelinghuyseu (Freyliughausen), Fred 
erick, Col., Somerset county, New 
Jersey, militia, negotiations with 
New Jersey mutineers. 1690. Let 
ters from, 1690, 1705. Letters to, 
1049, 1687, 1709. 

French, Christopher, Maj., 22d; It. col., 
52d Foot, British army, 499; ex 
change, 14, 162, 165, 167; parole, 14, 
25, 152 ; right to wear sword, 20, 25, 
30, 33, 43. Letters from, 14, IS, 25, 
43, 98, 152. Letters to, 12, 14, 19, 20, 
30, 33, 74, 164. 

French, Samuel. Maj., Commissary of 
military stores, Letters to, 579, 617. 

French Creek (Pennsylvania), 416, 
978. 

French officers, see Officers, 

French troops, sec Army, French. 

French volunteers, see Volunteers. 

Frenchmen, 272, 314, 978; offer serv 
ices to America, 2174 : Washington 
on, 258. 

Frey, Charles, Baron de, Capt., Pu- 
laski s corps, 2006. Letters from, 
1141, 1983, 2003. Letters to, 1059, 
2003. 

Frey, Ebenezer, Capt., 1st New Hamp 
shire regiment, 673. 

Frey, John, Brig.-maj., Herkimer s 
New York militia, Letter from, 394. 

Friday s ferry ( South Carolina ) , 1828- 
1829. 

" Friend to America, A," Letter from, 
45. 

Friendship, Indian, 911, 922, 925, 963, 
1000, 1010, 1013, 1123, 1144, 1408 
1838, 2173, 2176, 2187; see also 
Peace. 

Frigates, see Navy, British; Navy, 
Continental ; Navv, French. 



1775 
Pages 

JANUARY JUNE __ 1 

JULY-DECEMBER - 1-60 



Frilick, Joseph, Lt.. 4th New York reg 
iment, Letter from, 834. 
Frink, Daniel, Commissary, 277. 
Frink, Nathaniel, 1199. 
Frocks, for light infantry, 2178; for 

riflemen, 960. 

P^rog s Neck, see Throg s Neck. 
Frondeville, - - de, President of Par 
liament, Normandy, Letter from. 
2390. Letter to, 2452. 
Frontenac (Cadiroqui, Canada), expe 
dition against, 889, 893. 
Frontier, 1587, 2166, 2373; alarm and 
dread on, 951, 1619. 1789, 1935; at 
tacks on, 938, 976, 1933; batteaux 
for, 2454 ; British posts surrender, 
2415, 2417. 2421. 2323; British rav 
ages, raids, designs against, etc., 681, 
742, 834, 1309, 1487, 1528, 1588, 1614, 
1738, 1812, 1833, 1841, 1844, 1848, 
1999, 2031, 2200, 2237; Connecticut. 
1344; defense of. 139, 684, 793, 848, 
856, 865, 1704. 1894 ; distress on, 643 ; 
Eastern, 2359 ; enlistment from, 1425 : 
exposed state of 1841; forts, 1465, 
2378; garrisons, 2385; guard, 144; 
harrassed, 1040, 1384 ; Indian forays 
prevented by British, 2237; Indian 
attacks, ravages, etc., on, 122, 678. 
681, 959, 1284, 1317, 1328, 1528, 224L 
2374, 2388; inhabitants leave, 973, 
978; inhabitants encouraged to re 
main on, 1619; intelligence from. 7, 
1094, 1848; militia to defend, 720, 
1309, 1330, 1344, 1472, 1565, 1893. 
1894; Mohawk, Indian advance on, 
686; 

Northern, 1224, 1874-1875, 1998, 
2043 ; British advance against, 229, 
1608. 1967, 1970, 1995 ; beef, 1811 ; 
French officers visit. 1643 ; Indians 
on, 2213, 2229; intelligence from, 
2010; loyalists on, 1873; militia 
on. 392; protection of, 1224, 1871, 
1967, 1995; quiet. 2230; reenforce- 
rnent, 1575; state of, 684, 936, 
1914; supplies, 2121; troops for, 
278, 1851, 1992, 2004, 2198, 2213. 
2446; 

Northwestern, 2224, 2230; offensive 
measures, 854, 869; peace on. 872, 



1776 

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60-1 .,7 

1 37-229 



1777 

Pages 
229-354 
354-515 



1778 

Pages 
515-675 
675-894 



INDEX 



2591 



Frontier Con ti lined . 

peace news forwarded to, 2379; 
Pennsylvania, 086, 990, 2374; posts, 
991, 1209, 134S, 1587, 1817, 2373, 2379, 
2385, 2415 ; predatory war on, 1827 ; 
provisions for, 951, 2454 ; protection, 
631, 691, 698, 714. 847, 857, 864, 865, 
962, 978, 993, 1253. 1587, 1734, 2226, 
2237, 2263 ; quiet on, 2232, 2244, 2248, 
2269, 2353; reenforcement of, 1572; 
relief of, 1999: settlements, 834, 
1337; situation on, 942, 949. 1611; 
South Carolina, 1233 ; troops on, 643, 
681, 699, 848, 867, 938. 968, 973, 1187, 
1619, 1763, 1771, 1817, 1826, 1827, 
1840, 1861, 2145, 2266-2267, 2375, 
2378, 2385 ; Virginia, 2374 ; 

Western, 628 ; ammunition, 
2120; attack on. 1605; beef, 1811; 
British designs on, 2230; British 
posts, 2417; checking enemy, 682; 
command on, 620 ; Indian outbreak 
and outrages on, 186, 2388; Indi 
ans on, 121, 2388; Indians intend 
to torture all prisoners, 2172; offi 
cers sent to, 629 ; posts, 2417 ; pro 
tection of, 121; settlers return to, 
2371; situation, 645, 1337; troops 
on, 252, 620, 1847. 
Frost, William. Asst. commissary of 

issues, 2075. 

Frothingham, Benjamin. Capt., 3d Con 
tinental artillery, 2029. 
Frothingham, Ebenezer. /,/., 3d Connec 
ticut regiment, 2125. Letter from, 
2124. 

Frothingham, Richard. Field commis 
sary of military stores, 1653. 
Frothingham, Thomas, Deputy ftcid 
commissary of military stores, 1319, 
1499, 2355. 

Fruit, presented to Washington, 1861, 
1893. 

Fry, Peter, Oncida Indian, Letter from, 
2420. 

Fry, Windsor, Private, 1st Rhode 
Island regiment, 1306, 1577. 

Frye, Joseph, Brig, gen., Continental 
army, resignation. 84. Letter from, 
77. 



Frye, Nathaniel. Ensign and pay 
master, Oth, It. 8th Massachusetts 
regiments, 1643, 2149, 2150. Letter 
from, 1642. 

Frye, Peter Pickman, 323. 

Fuel, see Firewood. 

Funds, see Money. 

Fiihrer, , Private f, Hessian 
troops, 1657. 

Fullerton, Richard, Lt. and adjutant, 
1st Pennsylvania, 2445. 

Fulton, Alexander, Loyalist, 279, 289. 

Fulton, John, American spy, 1556. 
Letter from, 1420. Instructions to, 
1376. 

Fur, for Washington, 922. 

Furloughs, 56, 57, 245, 324, 477, 
594, 705, 820, 829, 830, 855, 
869, 885, 886, 903, 904, 962, 990, 
1071, 1141, 1182, 1183, 1192, 1193, 
1216, 1217, 1223, 1227, 1235, 1272, 
1280, 1492, 1612, 1632, 1648, 1658, 
1673, 1683, 1696, 1818, 1977, 1979, 
1983, 1986, 2016, 2151, 2152, 
2191, 2192, 2201, 2322, 2328, 2345, 
2358, 2364, 2389, 2404, 2406, 
2407, 2417, 2420, 2422, 2445; army 
refuses, 2422; authorized, 2389; 
civil interference with, 1257, 1270, 
1307; clothing, 903; for conva 
lescents, 2048; curtailed, 1479; 
desired, 2405; difficulty, 839; dis 
charges used as, 2400; of discon 
tented men, 2390; evil, 166; expira 
tion of, 959; extension, 1701, 1704; 
form, 256, 1653, 1656, 1696; grant 
ing of, 926, 1689, 2192, 2347, 2402; 
indiscriminate, 1653 ; irregularity, 
2434; limit, 2325; method, 1653; 
needed, 2336; number of, 594; ob 
jections to, 2390; orders, 1249, 2401, 
2441; pay, 2432; for liberated pris 
oners, 1678; privileges, 2328; pro 
visions, 903; rations, 865, 889, 919; 
of recruits, 1812; regulations, 1708; 
renewal, 2445; requests for, 2191, 
2390; returns, 2407; supplies drawn 
on, 909; men unwilling to accept, 
2404; winter, 794. See also Absences. 
Furman, John, Lt.. 1st New York regi 
ment, Order to. 2127. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Furman, Moore, Deputy quartermaster \ 
general, 1427. 

Furnaces, iron, 841, 851, 861, 1409, 
1410; blowers. 2204; casting, 851, 
892, 902; charcoal, 851; guard, 
1409, 1410; operation of, 851, sup 
plies, 851 ; wood for, 851 ; workmen, 
2202; shot and shell, 2460. 

Fury, James, Private, 2d New Jersey 
regiment, 2048. 

Fuses, 1575. 

Fustner, George, Loyalist from Lan 
caster, Pennsylvania, 1582, 1584, 
1586, 1592. 

Fuzees, 1015, 1027, 1032. 

Fyfield, John, Loyalist, 2254, 2259, 
2260. 



G. 



Gabions, 1153, 1157, 1321, 1342, 1350, 
1375, 1390, 1392. 

Gadsden, Christopher, Brig, gen., 
South Carolina militia, Letter from. 
358. 

Gaffney, , Convention deserter, 

1179. 

Gage, Thomas, Lt. gen. and commander 
in chief, British forces in America, 
Letter from, 8. Letters to, 7, 9. 

Gaines, William Fleming, Capt.-lt., 1st 
Continental artillery, Letters from, 
720, 973. 

Gake, Samuel, Private, 3d New York, 
676, 707. 

Galbreth, Bartram, Letter to, 528. 

Gale, Benjamin, of Killing sworth, Con 
necticut, Letter from, 1943. 

Gale, John, Capt., light infantry, 1137. 

Gales, Ezra, introduced to Washing 
ton, 2367-2368. 

Gall, W. R. von, Brig, gen., Hessians, 
624, 1580, 1590, 1632. 

Galleys, see Armed galleys. 

Galloway, Joseph, of Pennsylvania, 
808. Letter to, 501. 

Galloway, Mrs. Joseph, 501. 

Gait, Nathaniel, Capt., Pennsylvania 
armed boat "Argus," 578. 581. 586, 
627. 794. 



Galvan, William, Maj. and Inspector, 
Continental army, 1065, 1707, 1796, 
1931 ; certificate of service, 2013 ; 
command, 1772 ; conduct, 1786, 1807 ; 
criticised, 927 ; popularity, 1781 ; 
recommended to Washington, 1232; 
his regulations, 927. Letters from, 
943, 1174, 1353, 1354, 1362, 1649, 
1913. Letters and instructions to, 
940, 1331, 1393, 1650, 1895, 1898. 

Galvez, Bernardo de, Spanish governor 
of Louisiana, 1810, 1960; captures 
forts at Manchac, Baton Rouge, and 
Natchez, 1255; Natchez expedition, 
1145 ; Pensacola expedition, 1255, 
1737; St. Simon s opinion of, 1668; 
success, 1967. Letter from, 1959. 

Gambier, James, Rear-adml., comdr.- 
in-chief, in North America; vice- 
adml., British navy, 772, 897; fleet, 
940, 955, 956, 958. 

Gamble, James, 1277. 

Gamble, John. Letter from, 1502. 

Gamble, Robert, Capt., 8th Virginia 
regiment, Letter from, 1132. 

Gamble, Thomas, Maj. and asst. 
quartermaster general, British army 
in America, 45, 62. 

Gamble, Thomas, Capt. 47th Foot, 
British army, 246, 256. Letter from, 
255. 

Gamble, William, Sea captain f, 236. 

Gambling, officers, 310, 576. 

Gansevoort, Peter, Col., 3d New York 
regiment, 676, 962. 1374, 1390, 1391, 
1544, 1582, 1594, 1613; rank, 1015, 
1025, 1054; reinforced, 681; reply 
to summons to surrender Fort 
Schuyler, 398. Letters to, 400, 679, 
835, 1269, 1593, 1612. Letters and 
orders to, 700, 707, 718, 1055, 1162, 
3599. Regiment, 289, 404, 708, 718; 
1055, 1571, 1591, 1598, 1612. 

Garanger, Lewis, Capt., Continental 
artillery, ability. 1576, 1578, 1789, 
1790; certificate of service, 1790, 
1803; experiments, 1578, 1582,. 1713, 
1789, 1790. Letters from, 1790, 1794, 
2445. 

Garden, , 2228. 



1775 1776 

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2593 



Gardiner, Richard, Master, British 
flag schooner "Relief," 2260, 2282, 
2284, 2287. 

Gardiner, Thomas, of Cornwall, New 
York, 2131, 2135, 2138. 

Gardiner (Gardner), Valentine, Maj., 
16th Foot, British army, 1235; his 
parole, 1211, 1213, 1218, 1230. Let 
ter from, 1250. Letters to, 1213, 
1230. 

Gardiner, , Letter from, 2274. 

Gardiner s Bay (Long Island), Brit 
ish fleet at and movements to and 
from, 144G, 1450, 1453, 1461, 1466, 
1469, 1536, 1560, 1586, 1589, 1603, 
1620, 1621, 1699, 1705, 1708, 1719, 
1722, 1725, 1819. 

Gardiner s Island (in Gardiner s bay, 
Long Island), British fleet at, see 
Gardiner s Bay. 

Gardner, William, Agent for clothing, 
Letter from, 1112. 

Gardner, , of Massachusetts; 
French procureur general of St. 
Christopher, West Indies, introduced 
to Washington, 2400. 

Garland, George, Capt., Pennsylvania 
navy, 471. 

Garrison-major (Fort-major), 2227, 
2229. 

Garrisons, 310, 676, 687, 699, 781, 965, 
985, 1000, 1051, 1192, 1277, 1351, 
1356, 1438, 1441, 1452, 1459, 1465, 
1576, 1649, 1650, 1652, 1673, 1733, 
1789, 1833, 2033, 2090, 2182, 2232, 
2258, 2261, 2266, 2374, 2379, 2407; 
allowance, 1826 ; arrangements, 2438, 
2458; British, 834; 887, 1149, 1178, 
1349, 1356, 1402, 1430, 1439, 1583, 
1598, 1882, 1908, 1914, 1953, 2151, 
2235, 2236, 2239, 2259, 2265, 2292, 
2295, 2360, 2363, 2433; clothing, 
1175; commanding officer of, 1645; 
debauchery, 2069; detached, 1241; 
dissatisfied, 1472; duty, 2108; effi 
ciency, 1897 ; excepted from dis 
charge, 2448; farms, 2385; firewood, 
2205, 2442, 2444; mutinous spirit, 
2015, 2031, 2104, 2390; orders, 1645, 
1678, 1679; posts, 2237, 2385. 2407, 
2415, 2417, 2422, 2423, 2424, 2425, 



Garrisons Continued. 

2426, 2430; regulations, 2378; relief 
of, 1714, 2130; returns, 1063, 1466, 
1563, 2106; state of, 2031; strength 
and weakness, 1305, 1363, 1364, 
1459, 1513, 1521, 1600, 1676, 1789; 
supplies and stores, 801, 1442, 2432; 
western, 2407, 2417; winter, 1516. 

Garson, Peter, Letter from, 208. 

Garthwaite, John, Private, 2d New Jer 
sey regiment, 1316. 

Garzia, John, Formerly capt., Elliott s 
Rhode Island artillery, Letters from, 
860, 861. 

Gaskins, Thomas, Lt. col., 3d Virginia 
regiment, 1037. Letter to, 1022. 
Regiment, 1975. 

Gates, Benjamin, Lt., Brewer s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 36. 

Gates, Horatio, Brig, and adj. gen.; 
maj. gen., Continental army, 2, 5, 6, 
13, 16, 23, 25, 26, 29, 35, 37, 38, 59. 
60, 66, 73, 75, 82, 93, 97, 100, 141, 142, 
146, 148, 153, 162, 164, 165, 167, 174, 
175, 176, 187, 199, 202, 260, 272, 327, 
401, 402, 404, 405, 427, 432, 451, 452, 
532, 538, 606, 613, 614, 635, 636, 643, 
644, 645, 658, 678, 680, 681, 682, 692, 
694, 702, 710, 715, 724, 730, 738, 742, 
765, 769, 779, 795, 815, 877, 885, 935, 
974, 994, 1008, 1023, 1025, 1080, 1081, 
1114, 1131, 1383, 1391, 1395, 1431, 
1444, 1496, 1504, 1510, 1518, 2255, 
2302, 2310, 2341 ; adjutant generalcy, 
267 ; advice to Washington, 1 ; aide 
to, 287; answers to queries in coun 
cil of war, 724; answers to queries 
on winter quarters, 802; arms 
stopped by, 626, 636, 637, 640 ; army 
under, 440; astonished at Washing 
ton s change of mind, 933; author 
ized to issue bills, 1580 ; his bills re 
fused, 1580; clothing for his troops, 
685, 817, 823, 828 ; 

command in army, 2196, 2198, 
2208; in Canada, 131; in Eastern 
department at Boston, 837, 842, 
941, 1145 ; Detroit expedition, 686 ; 
Indian expedition, 945, 954 ; North 
ern army, 138, 388, 401, 602 ; right 
to, 1838 ; in the South, 1492, 1502 ; 



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Gates, Horatio Continued. 

complaint, 1011; complaint against. 
524; conduct, 469, 1839; conference 
with Washington, 683 ; confidence in 
Washington s support, 1532; con 
gratulates Washington, 680, 2042; 
conversation and communication 
with Schuyler, 136, 198 ; 

the Conway letter, 457, 464, 497, 
523, 536, 543, 549, 552 ; burying the 
matter, 557 ; conduct, 587 ; connec 
tion with, 552; defense, 534; ex 
planation, 534, 543 ; 
correspondence with Stark, 683, 684 ; 
court of inquiry on, 1579, 1628, 1629, 
1630, 1631, 1680, 1824, 1838, 1839. 
2196; criticises divided state of 
army, 767; defeat at Camden, 1492, 
1496, 1512, 1514, 1515, 1516, 1562; 
denies belonging to a faction, 552; 
disapproves attempt on New York, 
455; disapproves Niagara expedition, 
1030; dispute with Schuyler, 143, 
149; efforts to defend the frontier. 
684; efforts to ruin Wilkinson, 587; 
explanations, 327 ; feint against New 
York, 666, 670 ; feeling against, 747 ; 
flour for, 306, 428, 1000 ; Hamilton s 
mission to, 461, 465, 469 ; inability to 
reenforce Stark, 683; ideas on In 
dian expedition, 988; intelligence 
from, 185, 327 ; interference with 
Sullivan s command, 831; interferes 
with drawing out militia, 1328; let 
ter to Congress referred to Wash 
ington, 1805; letters and despatches 
for Washington and Congress, 177 ; 
measures taken by, 455 ; and the mi 
litia, 1328, ir,44 ; money, 178, 253, 296. 
662, 1007. 1030, 2042 ; movements, 732, 
735, 1170, 1180; need of equipment, 
provisions, supplies, etc., 163, 181, 
182, 187, 198, 327, 405, 407, 414, 428, 
429. 622, 624, 684, 686, 1085, 1580; 
objects to sending troops to Wash 
ington s relief, 459, 461 ; 

opinions, 28, 2324; on army, 
229; on position of army, 683; on 
British in Canada. 862; opinion 
on British intentions, 327, 382, 644, 
802; on attempt on New York. 



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Gates, Horatio Continued. 

1038; on military situation in 
North Carolina, 1502; on West 
Point garrison, 687; 
ordered to headquarters, 1838; 
orders, 102, 164; papers from, 186; 
participation in campaign, 1354; in 
Philadelphia, 382; plan of attack on 
Boston, 72; plan to obtain intelli 
gence, 862 ; power for mischief, 459 ; 
powers granted, 501 ; predicament 
over appointments, 148; proposed 
for Secretary at War, 1769 ; protests 
against his treatment, 1805; readi 
ness to obey orders, 759, 2042; reen- 
forcemeut, 199, 331, 401, 405, 406; 
reenforces Putnam, 447 ; requisition, 
179; report on Canadian expedition, 
733; reproved, 627; requests direc 
tions, 988; secretary, 2420; situa 
tion, 1746, 1839, 1986, 2269 ; supplies 
for, 184 ; Washington s consideration 
of, 1839; manner of informing 
Washington of the Saratoga victory, 
455 ; on rapidity of Washington s 
movement, 1965; his sending troops 
to Washington, 459, 460, 461, 465, 
469; Washington warned against, 
1195; wish to serve in the army, 
1986 ; wish to aid in Yorktown cam 
paign, 1965. Letters from, 1, 2, 5, 
7, 69, 83, 147, 151, 157, 163, 167, 173, 
177, 196, 198, 199, 201, 202, 253, 261, 
267, 296, 316, 327, 331, 334, 375, 382, 
403, 404, 405, 406, 429, 455, 461, 483, 
497, 534, 549, 552, 622, 624, 628, 632, 
644, 645, 661, 663, 665, 666, 680, 683, 
684, 687, 733, 735, 736, 749, 752, 759, 
761, 767, 773. 774. 775, 779, 784, 790, 
794, 802, 807, 813, 819, 828, 837, 840, 
844, 849, 862, 889, 903, 909, 933, 945, 
954, 957, 974, 988, 996, 998, 1007, 
1030, 1038, 1061, 1064. 1084, 1096, 
1138, 1155, 1176. 1183, 1411, 1441, 
1450, 1490, 1492, 1532, 1578, 1580, 
1628, 1680, 1805, 1839, 1965, 2042, 
2198, 2269, 2309, 2310, 2316, 2333, 
2336, 2351, 2420. Letters, instruc 
tions, and orders to. 5, 8, 10, 31, 65, 
131, 150, 153, 163, 164, 170, 181, 187. 
194, 195. 219, 241, 246, 252. 257, 258, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2595 



Gates, Horatio Continued. 

260, 263, 205, 268, 304, 312, 314, 318, 
322, 323, 328, 330, 332, 383, 384, 388, 
401, 402. 405, 406, 408, 424, 427, 452 ; 
450, 469, 470, 492, 518, 543, 544, 546, 
550, 557, 604, 617, 618, 619, 626, 628, 
630, 637, 638, 640, 641, 643, 647, 651, 
652, 656, 660, 670, 671, 672, 677, 680, 
681, 682, 684, 688, 689, 697, 701, 732, 
735, 737, 739, 742, 756, 760, 765, 766, 
767, 769, 772, 776, 780, 784, 785, 787, 
791, 799, 803, 811, 812, 815, 816, 818, 
819, 820, 826, 828, 829, 832, 833, 835, 
836, 845, 863, 874, 881, 884, 894, 901, 
919, 935, 973, 977, 981, 998, 999, 1003, 
1004, 1009, 1016, 1018, 1024, 1027, 
1031, 1053, 1055, 1061, 1062, 1071, 
1079, 1080, 1081, 1082. 1095, 1101, 
1112, 1117, 1118, 1131. 1141. 1144, 
1146, 1156, 1160, 1168, 1170, 1180, 
1183, 1184, 1354, 1404, 1414, 1502, 
1562, 1628. 1630, 1824. 1986, 2062, 
2208, 2274, 2330, 2333, 2336, 2337, 
2338, 2341, 2348. 2351. Drafts and 
copies by, 84, 85. 87. 

Gates, Samuel, 807. 

Gatter, Christiana, 1101. 

Gatter, Martin, 1097. 

Gay, Fisher. Co/.. Connecticut State 
regiment, Letter to, 180. Regiment, 
207. 

Gayton, George, Capt., British navy, 
1745. 

Gazette, Royal (Rivington s), sec Royal 
Gazette. 

Geary, James, Deputy clothier general, 
Northern department, 864, 897, 941; 
arrest, 1100; conduct, 1103; investi 
gated, 1108, 1111. Letter from. 1085. 
Letters and instructions to, 905. 937, 
1020, 1025, 1056, 1058, 1092, 1103. 

Gebhard, Theodore, Lt., regiment He 
reditary Prince, German allied 
troops, Letter from, 2401. Letter to, 
2412. 

Geddes, David, Paymaster, 24th Foot, 
British army, 768, 770. 

Geddes. George, Captain, Letter from, 
1136. Letter to. 1142. 

Geismer, Baron de, German allied 
troops, 1040. 1062. 



Geldings, sec Horses. 

General officers, see Officers, General. 

General orders, see Orders. 

GENERAL DE RIEDESEL, British flap of 
truce ship, 1627, 1633. 

Genesee (Chinisea, New York), dis 
tance from Easton, 1042. 

Genesee Indian towns, expeditions 
from, 2165. 

Geographer or Surveyor to the Conti 
nental army, 383, 484 ; applications 
for, 1588. 1619; appointed. 1588, du 
ties. 386 ; equipment, 2021 ; pay and 
expenses, 1803; qualifications, 1619; 
see also Erskine. Robert, also De 
Witt, Simeon. 

George III. King of Great Britain, al 
legiance to, 988; oath of allegiance 
to, 179, 184 ; answer to address of the 
House of Commons, 2051 ; bill to en 
able him to conclude peace with 
America, 2051 ; determination to 
continue the war, 2040; obstinacy, 
2227; speech belts to the Indians, 
1407 ; speeches, 927, 2328. 

George, John, Capt.-lt., 3d Continental 
artillery, 467. 

George, Rupert, Capt., British navy, 
1703. 

George, lake, see Lake George. 

Georgetown (South Carolina), cap 
tured, 1738. 1740; British surprised 
at, 1693. 

Georgetown (Maryland), 1947. 

Georgia. 765, 1128, 1247, 1994 ; as base 
of operations, 1268; battle in, 945; 
British in. 76, 937, 1239, 1251; 
designs against, 1025; evacuation 
of. 2063 ; expedition against, 1151 ; 
proclamation in, 897 ; raid in, 883 ; 
naval movements toward, 97, 880, 
927. 1014, 1212; troops sent to, 
1193, 1211; victory in, 957; 
cooperation with South Carolina, 
190 ; cooperation with Spanish to re 
take, 1239; defense of, 183; French 
fleet off coast. 1160; French troops 
arrive in. 1625; form of govern 
ment, 93; inhabitants, British proc 
lamation to, 897; importance of. 
1029; intelligence from, 1181, 1192; 



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Georgia Continued. 

legislature committee report on 
form of government, 93 ; letters 
to Convention, 216, 218; oath re 
quired of military officers, 74; 
votes lands and money to Greene, 
2213; 

money in, 76 ; operations in, 2447 ; 
needs protection, 2194; opposition 
to British in, 1255, 2121; situation 
in, 76, 119, 2366; 

troops, 97 ; command of, 76 ; 
militia, 1897; needed, 74; officers, 
74; recruiting, 97. 2193; state of, 
97, 456, 2076; 

troops in, 290; victories over Brit 
ish and Indians in, 2447. 
Gerard, William, Letter from, 1148. 
Gerard de Rayneval, Conrad Alex- 
andre, French minister to the United 
States, 684, 746; America s debt to, 
1129; appreciation of Washington s 
greatness, 1134; army manoeuvers 
before, 991, 992; escort for, 1126; 
returns to France, 1068, 1129, 1134; 
visit to camp, 982, 983, 984, 986, 990, 
991, 1004; Washington s apprecia 
tion of his services, 1068. Letters 
from, 1004, 1081, 1134. Letters to, 
998, 1019, 1068, 1095, 1129. 

Gerlach, H , Capt. and deputy 

quartermaster general, BrunsicicJc 
troops, Letter from, 1973. 
Germain, Lord George, viscount Sack- 
ville, Secretary of State for the col 
onies, Great Britain, 1457 ; corre 
spondence, 229, 1700. 
German allied troops, 2253; an agree 
ment of service, 67; deserters, 162, 
1457; dissatisfied, 337; Great Brit 
ain fails to secure, 1245; legionary 
corps, 2079, 2147; list of, 1657; 
movements, 181, 2030, 2238, 2241; 
number in Convention troops, 770; 
officers, see under Officers, German 
allied troops; position, 1657, 2230, 
2266, 2311; recruits, 1232, 2348; 

regiments, 1657 ; Anspach, 530, 
1813, 1902; Brunswick, 381, 1248, 
1266; Hessians (Hanovarians), 
99, 418, 475; arms captured from, 



1775 

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JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-60 



German allied troops Continued. 

449; arrival, 159, 341; attack on, 
202 ; baggage, 231, 871 ; boat, 463 ; 
band, 2174; deserters, 162, 403. 
530, 660, 713, 1211, 1391, 1457; 
embarkation at New York, 843, 
850, 2225, 2419; feeling among, 
1276, 1885 ; foraging party, 501 ; 
Great Britain engages, 82; health, 
272 ; movements, 171, 228, 231, 252, 
338, 430, 843, 859, 1907, 1940, 2020, 
2122, 2224, 2294; offer to, 176; 
orders to, 1467; petition, 440; po 
sition, 171, 338, 520, 825, 826, 1180, 
1412, 1844; ready to lay down 
arms, 2201; reenforcements, 99, 
117, 165, 307, 697; strength, 355. 
See also Prisoners. 
German battalion (or regiment), 863, 
876, 914; arrangement, 408; author 
ized, 215; clothing, 605, 1641; com 
missions in, 408; furloughs, 959; 
letters and orders to commanding 
officer, 293, 300, 914 ; ordered to join 
army, 1430; rank in, 400. See also 
Arndt, Baron d . 

German Flats (New York), 1985; at 
tack on, 165; British advance 
against, 160; burned, 758, 760; de 
sign against, 678; fortifications at, 
1861, 1867, 2044; Indian advance 
against, 120, 160; Indian council at, 
128, 153; Indian raids, 1015, 1359; 
inhabitants distress, 805; officers 
conference at, 138; picket at, 128: 
post at, 124, 1834; rendezvous at, 
2285; supplies for, 805, 806. 
Gerrnantown (Pennsylvania). 387, 
527, 532, 534, 593, 1045, 1046; 

battle of, 435, 436, 445, 462, 644 ; 
British consternation, 431, 434. 
British loss at, 430, 431, 434, 439; 
British wounded, 434; conduct of 
troops, 434 ; effect on spirits of 
the people, 431; hard fighting at, 
430; losses at, 438; order of bat 
tle, 428; result of. 431; retreat 
from, 435; Washington s account 
of, 432; 

British intention to destroy. 482, 
484; exchange commissioners at, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2597 



Germantown Continued. 

586, 587, 591, 592; general orders 
for attack, 429; order of march, 
428; roads to, 1721. 

Germany, legionary corps from, 2098, 
2115. 

Gerrish, Jacob, Capt., Little s Massa 
chusetts regiment and 12th Conti 
nental Infantry, 202. 

Gerrish, Samuel, Col., Massachusetts 
troops, Letter to, 2. 

Gerry, Elb ridge, Member, Provincial 
Congress of Massachusetts; delegate, 
Continental Congress, Letter from, 
24. 

Ghishline, John, Capt., 6th Maryland 
regiment, 1011. 

Gibbs, Caleb, Capt. and Maj., com 
mander in chiefs guards; maj., 2d 
Massachusetts regiment; aide to 
Washington, S3, 237, 259, 820, 1659, 
1907, 1931, 2100, 2166; certificate of 
service, 2454; horse for, 978; money 
advanced, 2351; rank, 2145, 2146. 
Letters from, 480, 483, 1357, 2151, 
2203. Drafts and copies by, 95, 97, 
99, 102, 104, 105, 111, 125, 141, 143, 
145, 152, 164, 165, 180, 182, 183, 225, 
258, 270, 285, 291, 295, 339, 352, 377, 
382, 406, 409, 411, 412, 413, 425, 438, 
444, 489, 502, 531, 533, 539, 540, 542, 
550, 557, 572, 625, 816, 839, 979, 997, 
1013, 1034, 1036, 1046, 1068, 1071, 
1093, 1094, 1104, 1120, 1150, 1199, 
1408, 1449, 1530, 1609. Corps, 1020, 
1364. 

Gibbs (Jibbs), William, Corporal, 2d 
New Jersey regiment, 1884. 

Gibbs, Samuel, Lt., Invalid regiment, 

2318. 

Gibbs, W. P., Letter from, 311. 
Gibraltar, assault on, 2256; British 

fleet gone to, 2273; captured, 2303; 

failure at, 2291 ; French expedition 

against, 911, 1638; intelligence from, 

2284, 2285, 2286; relief of, 2300; 

Spanish expedition against, 911; 

Spanish repulsed at, 2265 ; surrender 

of, 2280. 



Gibson, George, Col., 1st Virginia state 
regiment, 510, 546. Letters from, 
414, 544, 546, 549, 555, 563, 568, 578, 
583, 844, 1087. Letters and orders 
to, 402, 409, 417, 422, 554, 567, 571, 
580, 652. Regiment, 409, 414, 417, 
423, 462. 

Gibson, James, Capt., Flower s Artil 
lery artificer regiment, Letter from, 
1485. 

Gibson, John, Col., 6th, 9th, and 7th 
Virginia regiments, 494; arrested, 
1943; command at Fort Pitt, 1930, 
1936; dispute with Brodhead, 1936. 
1943, 1958 ; Killbuck s speech to, 911 ; 
marching orders, 952 ; relief of, 978 ; 
warned against Indians, 912, 916. 
Letters from, 496, 918, 1721, 1876, 
1926, 1932, 1958, 2037, 2038. Letters 
to, 510, 912, 914, 915, 916, 949, 1878, 
1925, 1926, 1929, 1943. Regiment, 
510, 1642, 1672. 

Gibson, John, Auditor general, Conti 
nental army, Letter from, 933. 

Gibson, Jonathan, Lt., paymaster, 5th 
Maryland regiment, Letter to, 1205. 

Gibson s ford (Brandy wine Creek?), 
633. 

Gifford, William B., Capt., 3d New 
Jersey regiment, 1636, 1637, 1687. 

Gilbert, Michael G., Capt., 2d Cana 
dian regiment, Letter from, 1534. 
Letter to, 1532. 

Gilbert, Peter Cummings, CorpL, 2d 
Massachusetts regiment, 2108, 2117, 
2131. 

Gilbert, , Sergt., Continental 
army, 2278. 

Gilchrist, Charles, Private, Massa 
chusetts troops, 2032, 2041. 

Gildersleeve, , Express rider, 
1319. 

Giles, Aquila, Maj., aide to St. Clair, 
Letter from, 2430. 

Giles, Edward, Maj. commanding 
Maryland Continental regiment ; 
aide to Morgan; aide to Smalhvood, 
1685, 2337, 2340; introduced to 
Washington, 1962. Letters from, 
1508, 2329. Letter to, 2339. 



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Gilfillan, Thomas, Capt., 71st Foot, 
British army, commissioner to 
superintend British embarkation at 
New York, 2372. 

Gill, John, Suo-licut., Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, Letter to, 430. 

Gill, Joseph Louis, Captain, chief, 
Abenaki Indians, 974, 1173, 1195, 
Letter from, 1227. 

Gill, Michael, Judge Advocate, 202. 

Gill, Moses, of Massachusetts, Letter 
from, 49. 

Gill, Samuel, Lt., IttU Virginia regi 
ment, 318. 

Gilliland, James, Capt., Sappers and 
Miners, Letters from, 1940, 2183. 

Gilliland, William, 897. 

Gillon, Alexander, Capt., " South 
Carolina " state frigate; commodore, 
South Carolina state navy, Letters 
from, 2051, 2141. Letter to, 2149. 

Gilman, David, Lt., 2d New Hamp 
shire regiment, 836. 

Gilman, Israel, Lt. col., 3d New Hamp 
shire regiment and 2d Continental 
infantry, 26, 80. 

Gilman, Jeremiah, Lt. col., 1st New 
Hampshire regiment, Letter from, 
1285. 

Gilman, Nicholas, Col., New Hamp 
shire militia, regiment, 254. 

Gilman, Nicholas, Capt., 3d New 
Hampshire regiment; asst. adj. gen 
eral, Letters from, 1465, 1488. Let 
ter to, 1476. 

Gilmant, Francis, Ensign, 2d Cana 
dian regiment, 1187. 

Gilpin, George, Lt.? Independent com 
pany of Fairfax, Virginia, Letter 
from, 2. 

Gilpin. Joseph, Justice of the peace, 
Cecil county, Maryland, 2012. 

Gimat, , Lt. col., aide to Lafay 
ette, 1716, 1772, 1781, 1796. 

Gin, see Crane. 

Girard, William, New York loyalist, 
Letter from, 1136. 

Girty, Simon, Loyalist, 912, 942; ac 
count of Indian situation, 497; 
actions, 2172; ambushes Capt. 
Clark, 942. Letter to, 1688. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Girty, Thomas, Loyalist, Letter from. 
1688. 

Gist, Mordecai, Maj., Small-wood s 
Maryland regiment; col., 3d Mary 
land regiment; orig. gen., Conti 
nental army, 215, 413, 1093, 1097. 
1107, 12SS, 1296, 155S, 1603, 1701. 
1937, 1946, 1947 ; ability to command, 
836 ; delay, 744, 745, 1621 ; efforts to 
save country from pillage, 677 ; his 
letter to Maryland legislature, 1686. 
1701 ; observations , 490 ; opinion in 
council of war, 1098, 1291; to raise 
and equip troops, 1608; skirmish, 
772; surprised by enemy, 745. Let 
ters from, 355, 361, 412, 757, 1098. 
1584, 1603, 1621, 1640, 16S5, 1941, 
1954, 2209. Letters, instructions, 
and orders to, 370, 408, 412, 916. 
1024, 1032, 1042, 1099. 1168, 1203, 
1216, 1296, 1303, 1532, 1608, 1660, 
1943. 1944, 2092, 2094. Regiment. 
823. 

Gist, Nathaniel, Col., Additional Con 
tinental regiment, 836, 850, 967, 
Letters from, 961, 965, 966. Letters 
and instructions to, 233, 234, 235, 
923, 1094. Regiment, 233, 523, 725, 
1276, 1429; arrangement, 1444; de 
sertions, 725, 961, 965 ; officers. 1395. 
1414, 1415 ; returns, 1395. 

Givens, Thomas, 169. 

Glanders, see Disease. 

Glastonbury (Connecticut), teamsters, 
1772. 

Glean, Oliver, Clerk to Varick, 1979. 

Glen, H , 169, 1601. 

Glen (Glenn), Thomas, Private, 1st 
Pennsylvania regiment, 2142, 2172. 

Gloucester (Massachusetts), 387, 388. 

Gloucester (New Jersey), see Closter. 

Gloucester (Virginia), 1953, 1997, 
2007, 2026, 2036; accouterments and 
arms surrendered at, 1972 ; besiegers 
reenforced, 1956 ; 

British at, 1915, 1918, 1928 ; cau 
tion at, 1961; cavalry at, 1962; 
fortifications at, 1870; reason for 
holding, 1961 ; sick and wounded 
at, 1953, 1974; troops moving to 
and from, 1957, 1958, 1971; 

1776 1777 1778 

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2599 



Gloucester (Virginia) Continued. 

Cornwallis at, 1915, 1919; Cornwal- 
lis chance of escape by, 1959, 1967- 
1968 ; French marines to assist oper 
ations against, 1957; De Grasse re 
fuses to send ships above, 1960, 
1961 ; horses captured at, 1981 ; hos 
pital for British prisoners at, 1989, 
1991; ordnance and military stores 
captured at, 1972, 1976, 1981; 
prisoners taken at, 1986; skirmish 
at, 1957 ; siege of, 1958 ; ceremony 
of surrender of British posts at, 
1972; Tarleton at, 1962; wagons 
captured at, 1981. See also York- 
town, siege. 

Gloucester county (Virginia), 1959; 
militia, 1967. 

Gloucester River (Virginia), 1967. 

Glover, Elias, Capt., loyalist of New- 
town, Connecticut, 1471. 

Glover, John, Agent, Continental 
armed vessels; col., Massachusetts 
regiment and 14th Continental in 
fantry; brig, gen., Continental army, 
210, 351, 488, 695, 929, 1510, 1590, 
1911, 1922, 1923 ; absence, 1696, 2112, 
accepts brigadier commission, 301; 
commission, 403; declines brigadier 
commission, 282 ; derangement, 2106 ; 
embarrassed, 535 ; furlough, 964, 990 ; 
health, 537, 588, 616, 1848, 2102, 2106, 
2124, 2149, 2151; horse, 742; inde 
cision, 293 ; opinion in council of war, 
1519, 1589, 1600 ; opinion on the situa 
tion, 1510; ordered to join army, 330, 
521, 574, 1020-1021; resignation, 
537, 588, 910, 923, 925, 940, 964; 
retirement, 2102, 2151, 2168. 2179, 
2188, 2205; slave servants, 2205, 
2240, 2247, 2319, 2333, 2334 ; on West 
Point garrison, 687. Letters from, 
25, 28, 30, 34, 37, 282, 301, 405, 536, 
588, 596, 616, 910, 925, 964, 990, 
1079, 1091, 1408, 1519, 1595, 1600, 
1684, 1848, 2102, 2106, 2151, 2205, 
2247, 2333. Letters, instructions, 
and orders to, 23, 26, 28, 29, 31, 33. 
35, 50, 52, 265, 347, 478, 521, 536, 550, 
574, 687, 691, 692, 937, 940, 1002, 
1036, 1069, 1070, 1077, 1083, 1094, 



Glover, John Continued. 

1101, 1163, 1367, 1382, 1385, 1423, 
1569, 1571, 1594, 1622, 1685, 1696, 
1820, 2124, 2168, 2179, 2188, 2240. 
Regiment, 209. Brigade, 347, 350, 
481, 482, 484, 550, 687, 691, 692, 
1094, 1095; arrangement of, 1036, 
1079; movements, 977, 990, 1064; 
needs shoes, 1172; officers of, 1036; 
position, 352, 989, 1006; reenforces 
Arnold, 382; reenforces Red Bank, 
478. 

Glover, John, Private, 5th Pennsylva 
nia regiment, 2142. 

Glover, Jonathan, Agent, Continental 
armed vessel; capt., 14th Continental 
infantry, 34, 137 ; appointment, 150 ; 
command, 28. Letters from, 41, 46, 
50, 150. Letters to, 41, 42, 48, 50, 57, 
59, 61. 

Gnadenhutten (Pennsylvania), 1929. 

Goddard, John, Wagon-master general, 
Continental army, Instructions to, 22. 

Goddard, W. K., Baltimore printer, 
1069. 

Godwin, John, Lt. Col., Royal artillery, 
British army, 121. 

Goetschius, John Mauritius, Maj., New 
Jersey militia, 1493. Letters from, 
1443, 1521, 1563, 1582, 1604, 2159. 
Letters to, 1560, 1579, 1604, 1616. 

Goforth, William, Capt., 1st New York 
regiment, 111. Letter from, 86. Let 
ter to, 86. 

Gold, see Money, specie. 

Golding, - , Deserter, 47th Foot. 
British army, 1179. 

.Goldsmith, Samuel, of MarUehead. 
Massachusetts, 779. 

Goldson, William, Surgeon, British 
navy, 1298. 

Gondolas, see under Boats. 

Gooch, John, Capt., 9th Continental in 
fantry; asst. deputy quartermaster 
general, Letter from, 1565. Letter 
to, 1580. 

" Good Usage," 2155. Letter from. 
2153. 

Goodale, Nathan, Capt., 5th Massachu 
setts regiment, 2182; baggage, 830; 
claim, 2398, 2399, 2404 ; exchange of. 



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Goodale, Nathan Continued. 

815, 819, 827; services, 815, 2399, 
2404. Letter from, 2398. 

Goode s Bridge (Virginia), 1899. 

Goodrich, William, Maj., Patersoris 
Massachusetts, brigade, Letter from, 
1921. Letters and instructions to, 
1056, 1067. 1939. 

Goods, see Articles, also Merchandise. 

Goodwin, George, Hartford printer; 
see Hudson & Goodwin. 

Goodwin, Samuel, Surveyor, Letter 
from, 29. 

Goold, Arthur. Collector, Halifax har 
bor, 1422. 

Gordon, Ambrose, introduced to Wash 
ington, 296. 

Gordon, Arthur, Lt., adj., 9th Virginia 
regiment, 1250. 

Gordon, Cosmo, Lt. col., 3d Foot 
Guards, British army, 1256, 1272; 
commission to negotiate exchange of 
prisoners, 1209. 

Gordon, James, Maj., 80th Foot, Brit 
ish army, Letters from, 846, 2129, 
2151. Letter to, 2110. 

Gordon, Patrick, Lt. col., 108th Foot; 
brig, gen., British army in America, 
assassinated, 146, 175. 

Gordon, Peter, Brig, maj., Heard s New 
Jersey brigade, 155, 189. 

Gordon, William, Clergyman, Roxbury, 
Massachusetts; chaplain, Massachu 
setts provincial congress, 1321, 1322. 

Goshen Precinct (New York), teams 
from, 1768. 

Gosselin, Clement, Capt., 2d Canadian 
regiment, 1683; information ob 
tained by, 1513; report, 873. Let 
ters from, 862, 1700, 1810. 

Gosselin, Louis, Lt., 2d Canadian regi 
ment, report of, 873. Letter from, 
862. 

Gould, Benjamin, Capt., Massachusetts 
militia?, Letter from, 130. 

Gould, Paston, Maj. gen., British army 
in America, Letter to, 1991. 

Gould. , American spy, Letter 



from, 1729. 



1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 160 



Goulet, Jean, Lt., 2d Canadian regi 
ment, money, 1587, 1591, 1592; serv 
ices in Canada, 1556, 1591, 1592. 
Letter from, 1700. Instructions to, 
1158. 

Gout, see Disease. 

Gouvion, Jean Baptiste, Maj. and It. 
col., engineers, 880, 1213, 1297, 1321, 
1340, 1716, 1775, 1842, 1919, 1983, 
2302, 2360, 2361, 2407; cannon for, 
3529; certificate of service, 1981, 
1984, 2405; estimates for an opera 
tion against New York, 1348; 
needed, 1318 ; opinion on attacking 
New York, 1415; opinion on peace 
establishment of the army, 2373; 
promotion of, 2025 ; qualifications of, 
976; recommended to Washington, 
1342; report on West Point, 1594; 
workmen for, 1547. Letters from, 
1579, 1602, 2448. Letters and in 
structions to, 893, 1183, 1187, 1375, 
1616, 1698, 1782, 1939. Corps, 1698. 

Government, civil, established in South 
Carolina, 1897; established in West- 
chester county, 2393; forms of, 
2125, 2130; power of British and 
American contrasted, 10. 

Governors of States, see States. 

Governor s Island (New York), 176, 
1453, 2097. 

Gowrin, Benjamin, Private HeWs In 
dependent company, 1052. 

Goy, - - de, Capt., French artillery, 
357. 

Graff, Sebastien, Letter from, 546. 

Graham, John, Capt., 2d and 1st, Maj., 
2d New York regiments, 1056; rec 
ommended to Washington, 1034. 
Letter from, 1422. 

Graham, John, Capt., New York mili 
tia, Letter from, 2136. 

Graham, Morris, Col., New York lev 
ies, 202, 622. Letters from, 619, 
628, 638. 

Graham, Narcissus, Fifer, J^fh Con 
necticut regiment, 504. 

Graham, Samuel, Capt., 76th Foot, 
British army, Letters from, 1995, 
2259. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2601 



Grain, 171, 392, 396, 517, 523, 589, 730, 
732, 1177, 1222, 1234, 1303, 1331, 
1333, 1354, 1389, 1498, 1519; allot 
ment, 1220; British, 1273; burned, 
202; burned by British, 1057; collec 
tion, 52G, 1219, 1224, 1225, 1235, 1237, 
1238, 1321; corn, 57, 58, 90, 1207, 
1218, 1316, 1481, 1625; cutting of, 
1032; delivery refused, 1300; de 
stroyed, 819, 820, 1605; estimates, 
2173; exchanged for salt, 828; ex 
port permission refused, 1689; 
guards for, 21 84; impressed, 1219, 
1223, 1225; Indian corn, 566, 1207, 
1321, 1647; Indian meal, 585, 1365; 
Indian rye, 1321 ; loss of, 426, 2184 ; 
meal, 90, 1316; in mills, 1266; 
needed, 788, 820, 946, 1526 ; oats, 57, 
58, 90, 1521, 1526, 1535, 1543; prices, 
730, 1625; for public use, 982; pur 
chase, 1277 ; purchase laws, 975 ; re 
moval, 430, 505, 599, 1241; returns, 
1300 ; seizure of, 222, 886, 892, 1484 ; 
stored, 1263; substituted for cattle, 
1235, 1236 ; supply and situation, 566, 
1214, 1243; threshing, 730, 1508, 
1513, 1515, 1522; transportation, 
730, 1224, 1242, 1308 : 

wheat, 294, 306, 307, 332, 560, 
809, 844, 974, 1222, 1354, 1479, 1516, 
1537; bought up by traders, 2037; 
collection of, 480, 498, 999, 1230; 
exportation of, 1537; grinding by 
hand, 1242; legislative act for, 
828; purchase of, 1079; price, 
1230; removal of, 154, 306; re 
turns, 955 ; seizure, 480 ; substitute 
for meat, 548; threshed under 
compulsion, 508; use prohibited, 
844. 
withheld by the people, 844. 

Granchain, , Chevalier de, Major 

et charge du detail general de 
rescadre du roy du Tcrnay, 1855 ; 
introduced to Washington. 1680. 
Grandiere, see La Grandiere. 
Grant, Abby (Mrs.), 156. 
Grant, Alexander, Surgeon and field 

inspector, British hospitals, 1991. 
Grant, James, Maj. gen., British army, 
1074. 



Grant, James, Scrgt., J^th Connecticut 
regiment, and clerk to asst. deputy 
Quartermaster general, 1484, 1509, 
1512, 1517. 

Grant, Jesse, Lt., 19th Continental In 
fantry, 1649. 

Grant, John, Commissary and pay 
master of artillery, British army in 
America, 1054. 

Grant, Thomas, Massachusetts recruit, 
2159. 

Grant, William, Massachusetts re 
cruit, 2159. 

Grape cultivation, 2417. 

Grape-shot, 95. 

Grasse, Frangois Joseph Paul, Oomte 
de, Marquis de Tilly, Lt. gen., naval 
forces, commander-in-chief, French 
navy in America, 1849, 1858, 1868, 
1870, 1902, 1954-, 1968, 1972, 1981, 1990 ; 
accusations against Bougainville, 
2148 ; America s obligations to, 2390 ; 
answers to Washington s questions, 
1950; arrival, 1758, 1767, 1901, 1904, 
1911, 1916, 1918, 1930, 1942, 1944, 2014 ; 
cannon presented to, 2448, 2456; in 
the Chesapeake, 1858, 1922, 1938, 
1941, 1942, 1943, 1944; on leaving 

. the Chesapeake, 1953, 1955, 1956; 
conference with Washington, 1949, 
1950, 1953; congratulates Washing 
ton, 1970, 1971; cooperation with, 
1837, 1981 ; on cooperation with Bar- 
ras, 1920, 1921 ; cooperation against 
Wilmington, 1973, 1979, 1981; his 
correspondence with Washington, 
2327, 2390; defeat off Martinique, 
2120, 2121, 2130, 2141, 2148, 2193; 
on his defeat and failure, 2327; de 
parture of, 1992; despatches from, 
1919; despatches to, 1870, 1944, 
1974, 1976; encounter with the 
British, 1851; encounter with 
Hood, 2044; encounter with Hood 
and Graves, 1946; encounter with 
Rodney, 2116; encounter off the Vir 
ginia capes, 1958; see also under 
victories; fleet, 1844, 1859, 1911, 
1916, 1939, 1941; list of fleet, 1282; 
furnishes troops to Lafayette, 1983; 
on future operations, 1983; ideas on 



1779 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Grasse, Frangois Joseph Paul, Comte 
Continued. 

the Yorktown situation, 1960; ill 
ness, 1971, 1972; intelligence of, 
1851, 2118-2119; junction with Bar- 
ras, 1899, 1922, 1931; junction with 
Lafayette, 1940; officer to meet, 
1928; prizes taken by, 1943; pro 
visions for, 1924; refuses to send 
ships above Yorktown, 1960, 1961; 
requested to delay sailing, 1982; 
return from sea, 1946 ; stay on the 
coast, 1964; strength, 1879; troops 
brought with, 1859, 2104; victory 
over Hood and Drake, 1846; victo 
ries, 1849, 1863, 1949; Washington 
on his defeat, 2390; Washington s 
friendship. 1990, 2327, 2390; Wash 
ington presents horses to, 1990; 
Washington s questions and propo 
sitions to, 1879, 1950; Washington s 
visit to, 1973; Washington s wishes 
to govern, 1940; Yorktown naval ar 
rangements, 1950 ; Yorktown siege, 
1950, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 
1959, 1960, 1961; presence at sur 
render of Yorktown, 1970. Letters 
from, 1763, 1939, 1941, 1950, 1953, 
1955, 1956, 1957, 1960, 1963, 1965, 
1966, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1975, 
1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1988, 
1990, 2327. Letters to, 1901, 1923, 
1931, 1943, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1956, 
1959, 1961, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1970, 
1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978, 
1980, 1981, 1990, 2030, 2390. 

Grasshopper, Oneida Indian chief, 
1005. 

Gratuity to troops, 212, 244, 884, 1150, 
1179, 1682, 1683, 1717, 2415. 

Graves, Thomas, Lord, Rear admiral, 
British navy, arrival, 1400, 1401, 
1402, 1403, 1404, 1405, 1923, 1925, 
1930; engagement with de Grasse, 
1946 ; demands seamen, 1401 ; 

fleet, 1882, 1888; to attack the 
French, 1407; list of, 1887; sails 
from New York, 1903, 1907, 1910, 
1940; strength, 1400, 1402, 1405, 
1424; 
intention of, 1938. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER__ _ 1-60 



Graves, Samuel, Vice Adml. and com 
mander of the British fleet in North 
America, 17. 

Gravesend Bay (Long Island), 1390. 

Gray, Ebenezer, Maj. and It. col., 6th; 
It. col., . till Connecticut regiment, 
813, 1180, 1317, 1813, 1817, 1819; 
leave of absence, 2270, 2303 ; answers 
to queries in Huddy case, 2087; 
character. 2269; health, 2303; rank, 
2255. Letters from, 716, 733, 749, 
767, 748, 812, 816, 830, 834, 844, 1316, 
1546, 2303. Letters to, 824, 1546, 
2270. Regiment, 1546. 

Gray, George, Lt. and capt., 4th Conti 
nental dragoons, 1000; rank, 396, 
397, 399; resignation, 396, 397, 399, 
1008. Letter from, 1008. Letters to, 
396, 399. 

Gray, James, Maj. and deputy commis 
sary general of issues. Northern de 
partment, 92. Letters from, 929, 954, 
1219, 1228. Letters to, 981, 1238, 
1271. 

Gray, Samuel. Commissary gen. of 
issues, Eastern department, Letters 
to, 310, 1199. 

Grayson, William, Lt. col. and aide to 
Washington; col. Additional Conti 
nental regiment; commissioner, Con 
tinental Board of War, 90, 232, 353, 
588, 597, 607, 1805; appointed cartel 
commissioner, 581 ; commissioner, 
590 ; powers to, 586 ; propositions for 
exchange of prisoners, 596; resigna 
tion, 815. 819; Washington s confi 
dence in his judgment, 590. Letters 
from, 209, 220, 241, 282, 287, 298, 305, 
355, 383. 591, 593, 600, 815. Letters 
to, 233, 293, 295, 306, 310, 590, 652, 
819, 1799. Drafts and copies by, 176, 
178, 184, 186, 187, 205, 211, 218, 220, 
224, 226, 334. Regiment, 233, 241, 
282, 310, 316, 383, 652. 

Great Barrington (Massachusetts), 
1846 ; recruits from, 1744. 

Great Bridge (near Wilmington, North 
Carolina), skirmish at, 1765. 

Great Britain (England). 773. 1166, 
1211, 1388, 2026, 2036. 2380. 2457; 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2603 



Great Britain (England) Continued, 
ability to continue a force in Amer 
ica, 771 ; acknowledgment of Ameri 
can independence, 840, 877; adjust 
ment of difficulties with France, 966 ; 
aid from Frederick and Catherine, 
805, 806; aid from Russia, 247, 805, 
806; ambassador to the United 
States, 2443; Carleton to return to, 
2269; cause of, 891; cessation of 
hostilities by, 2368; colonies reluc 
tant to break with, 80; concilia 
tory intentions, 2124, 2130; conduct 
o,f the war, 2062; constitution of, 
2125; Convention troops to go to, 
570; critical position of, 1151; cul 
tivation of good will with the Unit 
ed States, 2368; disclaims responsi 
bility for Huddy murder, 2194; dis 
turbances in, 1511; East Indies 
trouble, 2457 ; efforts toward peace, 
648; efforts to soothe the American 
people, 2346; home embarrassments, 
1483; her European situation, 1278; 
fails to secure German troops, 1245 ; 
fleets, packets, and transports from, 
489, 892, 905, 911, 958, 995, 1102, 
1489, 1574, 2109, 2184, 2225, 2285, 
2287; transports sail for, 940, see 
also Navy, British; France refuses 
to conclude peace with, 2357; gov 
ernment s disposition toward Amer 
ica, 2109; government s disposition 
toward peace, 2115 ; Indians against, 
970, 1493; Indian relations, 970, 
1979, 2002, 2028, 2043, 2237; indig 
nation in, 1486; inhabitants denied 
entrance to America, 2305; inhabi 
tants, disposition toward America 
and peace, 2109, 2115, 2341 ; inhabi 
tants feeling against the govern 
ment, 819; intelligence from 825, 
862, 1710; intentions, 1852; King, 
see George III; letters from, 741; 
loses supremacy in the West In 
dies, 1379; merchandise from, 1407; 
militia system, 2379; 

ministry, 2405; changes, 2124, 
2352; confusion, 2225; measures, 
764 ; opinion, 606 ; sentiments, 
1186; 



Great Britain (England) Continued. 
New York inhabitants leaving for, 
2304; obstinacy. 1112; paroled offi 
cers to go to, 1477; 

Parliament, answer of king to, 
2051; conciliatory bills, 601, 605, 
629, 632, 638, 642, 2051; violent 
debates in, 1274; new, 1678; bill 
to conclude peace with America. 
2051 ; peace cry in, 1379 ; peace 
measures of, 2182; rejects New 
York assembly s remonstrance, 1; 
speeches on independence, 2173; 
taxation of colonies, 608; House 
of Commons, proceedings and 
votes on further prosecution of the 
war, 2051; 

peace commission, 2109 ; peace move 
ment, negotiations, etc., 943, 966, 984, 
2186, 2190, 2192, 2196, 2266, 2327, 2354, 
2357, 2358 ; plan for settling dispute 
with. 2456; political parties in, 
2381; prisoners in, 521, 529; pris 
oners sent to, 1608, 1649; prisoners 
released in, 2.182, 2195 ; public virtue 
in, 1186 ; reconciliation, 241 ; reen- 
forcements from, 337, 583, 887, 988, 
1014, 1063, 1079, 1090, 1101, 1511, 
2040, 2259; resources, 610; Spam s 
manifesto to, 1123; Spain s motives 
toward, 998 ; state of affairs in, 944, 
1407, 2316; supplies from, 804, 892; 
taxes in, 228 ; treaty of peace with, 
2266, 2327, 2345, 2354, 2357, 2358, 
2359, 2360, 2364, 2368, 2369, 2372, 
2381, 2397, 2405, 2417, 2423, 2424, 
2445 ; troops sent to, 798, 2215 ; ulti 
matum to, 966; United States min 
ister to, 2388; Vermont doctrine, 
2368; cause of war with, 71; war 
with France, 182, 336, 616, 632, 749; 
war with Holland, 1751, 1753, 1759 ; 
war with Portugal, 1784; war with 
Spain, 1145, 1190, 1195. 
Great Egg Harbor, see Egg Harbor. 
Great Kanawha River, 2432. 
Great Tree, Seneca Chief, 786. 
Great Valley Road ( Pennsylvania ) , 415. 
Greaton, John, Col., 3d Massachusetts 
regiment, 1636, 2083. 2098, 2100. 2121. 
2138, 2166. 2255, 2380, 2398, 2428; 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Greaton, John Continued. 

answers to queries in the Huddy 
case, 2087; complaint against, 1135; 
court of inquiry on, 1138, 1161 ; pro 
motion, 2149, 2319. 2325; recom 
mended to Washington, 2148. Let 
ters from, 2099, 2157, 2159, 2161, 
2209, 2263, 2390. Letters and in 
structions to, 1704. 1893, 2107, 2146, 
2159. Regiment, 347, 612. 

Greaton, , Mrs.. 325. 

Green, Daniel, of Neiv York, 142; or 
ders to, 149. 

Green (Greene), John, Lt, col., 1st; 
col.. 10th and 6th Virginia regiments, 
645, 646; at Fort Mifflin, 442, 449. 
Letters and orders to, 441, 442, 450, 
1022. Regiment, 1037. 

Green, John Morly, Lt., 1st Rhode 
Island regiment, 2299, 2306. Let 
ter from. 2267. 

Green, Joseph, see Greene. 

Green. Timothy, Justice of the peace, 
New London, Conn., 1136, 1137. 

Green Mountain Boys, 62, 1896. 

Green Spring Farm (Virginia), action 
near, 1888. 

Green Springs (Virginia), 1895. 

Green s Hill (Boston), 7. 

Greene. Christopher, Maj., Varnum s 
Rhode Island regiment; It. col., 12th 
Continental infantry; It. col. and 
col., 1st Rhode Island, 270, 449, 476, 
1585; ammunition for, 435; com 
mand at Red Bank, 442; commis 
sion, 16; continuance in the service, 
1594 ; murdered, 1829 ; recommended, 
59; supplies for, 435, 1444. Letters 
from, 435, 437, 440, 473, 476, 842, 
1007, 1061, 1288, 1325, 1355, 1585, 
1613. Letters and instructions to, 
431, 433, 437, 439, 441, 444, 447, 457, 
744, 1102, 1194, 1258; 1306, 1329, 1349, 
1577, 1594, 1622, 1660. Regiment, 
281, 435, 1007, 1102, 1194, 1258, 1288, 
1306, 1325, 1329, 1375, 1383, 1400, 
1412, 1418, 1432, 1444, 1445, 1474, 
1502, 1530, 1549, 1564, 1577, 1585, 1622, 
1623, 1660, 1662, 1673 ; officers killed 
and taken, 1829; surprised, 1830; 
Lis regiment of negroes. 1369. 



1775 

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Greene, Francis, Capt., 1st Massachu 
setts regiment, 2216. 

Greene, John, sec Green. 

Greene (Green), Joseph, Maj., De 
Lancey s 1st battalion, British pro 
vincial troops, Letter from, 1966. 
Letter to, 1968. 

Greene, Nathanael, Brig, and maj. gen.; 
quartermaster general, Continental 
army, 2, 6, 15, 23, 25, 29, 37, 59, 66. 
82, 134, 142, 144, 152, 154, 184, 295, 
309, 342, 361, 391, 394, 397, 400, 402, 
417, 424, 425, 451, 453, 463, 486, 488, 
498, 514, 516, 526, 564, 585, 613, 651, 
664, 694, 695, 696, 706, 739, 777, 795, 
802, 844, 962, 972, 982, 1033, 1034, 
1043, 1063, 1082, 1083, 1097, 1107, 
1110, 1191, 1234, 1238, 1248, 1308, 
1332, 1348, 1356, 1372, 1386, 1402, 
1404, 1410, 1510, 1540, 1541, 1553, 
1576, 1579, 1680, 1627, 1629, 1631. 
1639, 1666, 1685, 1692, 1704, 1712, 
1714, 1742, 1746, 1748, 1749, 1764, 
1771, 1775, 1782, 1787, 1797, 1801, 
1803, 1811, 1829, 1830, 1833, 1866, 
1868, 1869, 1882, 1896, 1897, 1905. 
1933, 1937, 1977, 1996, 1997, 2011. 
2025, 2055, 2093, 2094, 2194, 2292, 
2295, 2303; leave of absence, 1572, 
1575; account of battle of Eutaw 
Springs, 1948; account of the battle 
of Guilford, 1751, 1768; account of 
battle of Hobkirk s Hill, 1803; ac 
count of the action at Springfield. 
1374 ; acknowledgments to the army, 
2303 ; advance to Haddonfield,482 ; ad 
vises against attacking Philadelphia, 
484 ; advises burning New York, 181 ; 
advises retreat, 181 ; agreement with 
British to preserve Charleston, 2303 ; 
aid and assistance to, 1725, 1752 ; am 
munition for, 1775; answer to quer 
ies, 24; approves Charleston evacu 
ation arrangements, 2298; arrange 
ments, 1916; arrests Armand, 1746; 
artillery for, 1775; artillerymen for, 
1800; brigade of, 79; on the cam 
paign, 897, 1916; cannon presented 
by Congress, 2445, 2448; captures 
British storage wagons, 1897; cau 
tioned against sorties and surprises 

1776 1777 1778 

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2605 



Greene, Nathanael Continued. 

by enemy, 711; cavalry s value to, 
1909 ; censured by Washington, 690 ; 
on attempt against Charleston, 1914 ; 
commands the army, 1532 ; command 
in the South, 984, 986, 990, 2120; 
command of Southern army, 1569, 
1572, 1575, 1578, 1579, 1590, 1631; 
right to command, 1123 ; command at 
West Point and east side of the Hud 
son, 1560; comment on Indian expe 
dition, 962; conduct approved by 
Washington, 1341, 1907, 2328, 2358; 
confidence of army in, 1691 ; confi 
dential information for, 1964; con 
sultation with Knox and Pickering, 
934 ; belief in revival of the Conway 
cabal, 1283; cooperation with allied 
armies, 1956; cooperation with Var- 
num, 482; on capturing Cornwallis, 
1914 ; correspondence with British, 
2002 ; correspondence with Lafayette, 
1850; correspondence with Rocham- 
beau, 2002, 2024, 2076; correspond 
ence with Washington, 1941; defeat 
at Guilford, 1770; defeat at Hob- 
kirk s Hill, 1848; delay, 481, 482, 
1614, 2422; design against the en 
emy, 481 ; detachment sent against 
British posts, 1906; difficulties and 
distress, 1230, 1298, 1327, 1637, 1670- 
1671, 1677, 1737, 1764, 1765, 1865, 
2055; disagreeable position, 983, 
1437 ; disapproves memorial of gen 
eral officers, 1467; economy in quar 
termaster department, 987; efforts 
with Congress, 1298; efforts to pro 
mote harmony with French, 717, 723 ; 
efforts to join Morgan, 1740; embar 
rassments, 1327; estimate of teams, 
1411 ; at Eutaw Springs, 1964 ; favors 
attacking enemy, 665; fears for the 
future, 1338; foraging expedition.. 
1478; furnishes teams to French 
army, 1341, 1342 ; at Guilford, 1770 ; 
at Hobkirk s Hill, 1848; honor, 987; 
ideas on general plan of operations, 
2055; ideas on attacking Staten 
Island, 1221; illness, 171, 172, 1752, 
2401, 2436 ; impress warrant to, 1425 ; 
inability to procure or furnish sup- 



Greene, Nathanael Continued, 
plies and stores, 1254, 1297, 1327, 
1467 ; inability to supply writing pa 
per, 1514 ; inability to transport pro 
visions, 1327; inactivity mortifying, 
2121; inspection of Highland de 
fenses, 314, 315, 321; intelligence 
from, 1754, 1870, 2024; intentions, 
987, 1327, 1372, 1916; Lafayette s 
value to, 1843; lands and money 
voted to, 2213; letter to Congress, 
1268, 1298, 1856, 2080 ; loses a picket, 
328 ; message to Lafayette, 1778 ; and 
the militia, 1712, 1747, 1764, 1865, 
1950-1951, 1965 ; misrepresented, 576 ; 
misunderstood, 1038 ; movements, 
486, 487, 488, 702 ; movements in the 
South, 1652, 1712, 1723, 1738, 1740, 
1764, 1782, 1796, 1803, 1869, 1948, 
2040 ; needs ammunition, 2025 ; needs 
cavalry, 482, 484, 1865; needs cloth 
ing, 2025, 2055, 2062, 2080, 2093; 
needs money, 1242, 1255, 1260, 1297, 
1298, 1322, 1327, 1397, 1717, 2093; 
needs pay, 2080; needs provisions, 
2050, 2080; quartermaster needs of, 
328, 553, 609 ; needs rum, 2025 ; need 
of supplies prevents him taken ad 
vantage of Cowpen s victory, 1691, 
1695; needs troops, 1740, 1807, 1958, 
1964, 2055, 2071 ; needs Washington s 
support, 1338; his object, 1764; ob- 
^servations, 539. 

> opinions, 134, 654, 1033; of 
British plan of war, 1897 ; or cam 
paign operations, 1397 ; on cavalry 
continuing at Elizabethtown, 872 ; 
of Congress, 990; in council of 
war, 800, 1098, 1389, 1525; on 
obstructing the Hudson and de 
fense of the Highlands, 321; on 
legality of a court-martial, 1841; 
on attacking New York, 1382; on 
defense of Philadelphia and the 
Delaware river, 391 ; on the situa 
tion, 1510 ; on winter campaign 
and attacking Philadelphia, 494; 
on winter quarters, 491 ; see also 
plans ; 

opposes enemy, 1372, 1717, 1740; 
order of battle. 487, 488; orders 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Greene, Xathanael Continued. 

British to cease burning buildings, 
1995; orders to protect the country, 
495; on new organization of the 
army, 2080; personal matters, 1572, 
1951, 2256; petition, 184; goes to 
Philadelphia, 1283; 

plans, 259, 1795; of attack on 
Boston, 72; of campaign, 605; for 
concentrating the State lines, 2079 ; 
cooperation with French fleet, 700 ; 
flying army and partisan war in 
the south, 1590 ; of attack on New 
Brunswick, 308 ; for obtaining tents 
and supplies, 1391 : for provision 
supply, 817 ; for reimbursing plun 
dered inhabitants, 893 ; for remedy 
ing conditions, 1310 ; 
on the political situation, 2213; posi 
tion, 1695 1697, 1702, 1729, 1741, 1820, 
1849, 1860 ; powers granted by Con 
gress, 1590; principles on which he 
acted, 1897 ; promotion, 110 ; on pro 
tection of Charleston, 2247; protest 
against the French fleet leaving 
Rhode Island, 712; pursues enemy, 
1765, 1897; on quartermaster de 
partment, 690. 987, 1242, 1268, 1270, 
1338 ; as quartermaster general, 1123 ; 
temporary continuance as quarter 
master general, 1531; reasons for 
fighting at Guilford, 1751; recom 
mendations, 209; recommends forag 
ing expedition. 548 ; recommends 
officers, 2441; reconnoissance, 471: 
reenforcements, 481, 1621, 1642, 1764, 
1772, 1773, 1790, 1791, 1796, 1815, 
1820, 1848, 1869, 1899, 1907, 1919, 
1964, 1966, 1967, 1978, 1979, 1980, 
1984, 1995, 2011, 2024, 2025. 2029, 
2031, 2037, 2040, 2062, 2064, 2080, 
2095, 2187, 2193; representations to 
Congress, 1254; reproved unjustly, 
1230; requests hearing before Con 
gress, 984; requests Washington s 
opinion of his quartermaster service, 
1437; requisition on Maryland and 
Delaware, 1621 ; resignation as quar 
termaster general, 984,986,990,1420. 
1422, 1437, 1467; retaliatory inten 
tions and threats. 1933, 1991 ; retreat, 

1775 

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Greene, Xathanael Continued. 

1723, 1751. 1753. 1897; return of 
army under, 1904-1905; on affairs 
in Rhode Island, 717 ; Robertson s 
conversation with, 1554; his situa 
tion. 1790, 1791, 1914, 1996; South s 
confidence in, 1790; on specific sup 
plies, 1294 ; spirit of his troops, 1803 ; 
strength, 1796, 1841, 1906, 1914, 1978 ; 
on state of the country, 548 ; on state 
of affairs, 1289, 1691. 1809. 1995 ; on 
state of affairs in the South, 1865, 
2055, 2366; on state of affairs in 
South Carolina, 1834, 2082; his suc 
cess, 1757, 1863. 1866, 1892; sugges 
tions, 549; suggests moving French 
army to Virginia, 1595; suggests 
Hamilton for adjutant general, 1614; 
supplies, 1375, 1796 ; terms on which 
he will serve as quartermaster gen 
eral, 1338; troops need clothing, 
1765 ; trouble with his officers, 2213 ; 
understanding of orders, 690 ; under 
standing with Washington and La 
fayette, 1951; unwilling to serve on 
board for settling rank, 1071 ; vic 
tory at Eutaw Springs, 1964 ; W T ash- 
ington approves his forcing action 
at Guilford, 1791; Washington s 
friendship, 1752 ; Washington s opin 
ion of his services as quartermaster 
general, 1456; Washington s private 
letter to, 1691; Washington on his 
services, 2005, 2392; whaleboats for, 
1478 ; willingness to run risks in at 
tacking enemy, 484. Letters from, 
77, 81, 109, 139, 140, 143, 148, 149, 
1 50, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 
158, 159, 160, 161, 166, 167, 168, 170, 
173. 187, 195, 198, 199, 200, 202, 203, 
204, 205, 207, 208, 259, 281, 320, 321, 
322, 327, 328, 353, 410, 471, 481, 482, 
484, 486, 487, 488, 489, 494, 510, 517, 
539, 548, 549, 550, 551, 553, 585, 605. 
609, 654, 665, 685, 690, 700, 712, 717, 
743, 747, 769, 777, 800, 807, 817, 818, 
841, 846, 849, 858, 864, 872, 897, 925, 
929, 954, 962, 971, 981, 982, 983, 984, 
987, 990, 991, 1006, 1030, 1033, 1038, 
1071, 1098, 1182, 1184, 1197, 1208, 
1215, 1221, 1226, 1230. 1234, 1241, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2607 



Greene, Nathanael Continued. 

1242, 1248, 1249, 1254, 1255, 1260, 
1262, 1268, 1260, 1270, 1283, 1289, 
1293, 1294, 1297, 1298, 1306, 1307, 1310, 
1319, 1322, 1327, 1338, 1340, 1342, 
1354, 1371, 1372, 1373, 1374, 1375, 
1376, 1389, 1391, 1392, 1397, 1399, 
1402, 1404, 1408, 1409, 1411, 1415, 
1420, 1422, 1434, 1436, 1439, 1451, 
1467, 1484, 1488, 1514, 1525, 1532, 

1545, 1546, 1500, 1-563, 1568, 1571, 
1572, 1575, 1590, 1595, 1608, 1614, 
1628, 1630, 1631, 1634, 1652, 1674, 
1677, 1691, 1695, 1712, 1717, 1739, 
1740, 1747, 1751, 1763, 1765, 1796, 
1803, 1809, 1822, 1828, 1833, 1841, 
1848, 1856, 1865, 1868, 1869, 1897, 
1904, 1906, 1914, 1916, 1933, 1948, 
1950, 1951, 1958, 1962, 1965, 1978, 
1984, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2002, 
2011, 2024, 2025, 2031, 2055, 2076, 
2079, 2080, 2082, 2093, 2095, 2120, 
2121, 2172, 2193, 2207, 2213, 2247, 
2271, 2292, 2294, 2297, 2298, 2303, 
2358, 2366, 2367, 2377, 2401, 2417, 
2422, 2436, 2441, 2448. Letters, in 
structions, and orders to, 21, 137, 
150, 152, 181, 202, 203, 204, 207, 274, 
275, 276, 315, 386, 391, 392, 410, 436, 
481, 484, 485, 488, 545, 548, 550, 589, 
610, 617, 618, 642, 643, 704, 711, 723, 
738, 750, 751, 821, 838, 841, 843, 858, 
874, 875, 879, 881, 924, 928, 930, 931, 
937, 944, 958, 967, 978, 984, 986, 909, 
989, 1002, 1005, 1022, 1029, 1032, 1033, 
1039, 1046, 1059, 1066, 1103, 1106, 
1122, 1123, 1139, 1148, 1156, 1162, 
1163, 1167, 1172, 1174, 1177, 1184, 
1190, 1192, 1195. 1197, 1202, 1204, 
1208, 1207, 1211, 1213, 1223, 1231, 
1233, 1235, 1236, 1237, 1240, 1247, 
1248, 1254, 1255, 1260, 1261, 1262, 
1270, 1271, 1283, 1287, 1296, 1299, 
1309, 1310, 1341, 1343, 1349, 1353, 
1363, 1365, 1370, 1371, 1386, 1388, 
1392, 1398, 1402, 1406, 1419, 1432, 
1437, 1440; 1451, 1456, 1464, 1476, 1478, 
1483, 1506, 1518, 1531, 1532, 1541, 

1546, 1550, 1560, 1564, 1566, 1569, 
1571, 1572, 1573, 1575, 1578, 1584, 
1601, 1613, 1628, 1630, 1631, 1632, 



Greene, Nathanael Continued. 
1637, 1650, 1651, 1656, 1660, 1664, 
1670, 1686, 1693, 1699, 1702, 1703, 
1737, 1753, 1790, 1791, 1795, 1798, 
1832, 1883, 1907, 1941, 1956, 1964, 
1969, 1976, 1984, 1994, 2005, 2007, 
2013, 2024, 2026, 2040, 2048, 2062, 
2076, 2092, 2124, 2127, 2158, 2166, 
2175, 2186, 2194, 2209, 2240, 2256, 
2257, 2298, 2301. 2328, 2333, 2363, 
2392, 244 5. Drafts and copies by, 
341, 1478; see also Quartermaster 
department and Quartermaster gen 
eral. 

Greene, Mrs. Nathanael (Catherine 
Littlefield), 1996, 2401; effect of 
Greene s departure on, 1576; health, 
2213; journey to join Greene, 2005, 
2082; Washington s kindness to, 
2082. Letters to, 1639, 1754. 

Greene, Thomas, 148. Letter from, 
147. 

Greene, William, Governor of Rhode 
Island, 1000, 1915, 1916. Letter 
from, 989. Letter to, 1785. 

Greene River (Virginia), action at, 
1907. 

Greenwich (Connecticut), 309, 1256, 
1425. 

Gregg, James, Capt., 1st New York 
regiment, Letter to, 2385. 

Grenada (West Indies), 1701, 1888. 

Grenades, 395. 

Grenadier corps, 263, 296. 

Grenville, Thomas, British agent for 
negotiating peace with France and 
the United States, King Louis an 
swer to, 2245 ; Vergennes answer to, 
2153. 

Grey, Charles, Haj. gen., British army, 
825, 2380. 

Grey s Hill (Delaware), 407. 

Gregory, George, Letter to, 73. 

Gregory. John, Capt., 15th Virginia 
regiment; brig, gen.f, Virginiaf mi 
litia, 1750. Letter to, 971. 

Grice, Francis, Capt., in command of 
flatboats in the Delaware, Letters 
from, 312, 331. Letter to, 331. 

Gridley s Point (Massachusetts), 43, 
60. 



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LIBKARY OF CONGRESS 



Gridley, Richard, Col. and chief of 
Continental artillery; col., engineers, 
Continental army, 31, 60. Letter 
from, 289. Letters and orders to, 
94, 96, 231, 295. 

Grier, David, Lt. col. and col., 7th 
Pennsylvania regiment; asst. deputy 
quartermaster general, Continental 
army, 270, 1843. Letter to, 319. 
Regiment, 319. 

Grier, James, Lt. and capt., 1st Conti 
nental infantry and 1st Pennsyl 
vania regiment, may., 10th, 6th, and 
3d Pennsylvania regiments, 104, 
1100; exploit, 143; memorial, 552. 

Griffin, Peter, Private, Easton s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 11. 

Griffin (Griff en), Samuel, Col. and 
deputy adj. gen., Flying camp, 253. 
Letters from, 242, 1162. Letter to, 
224. 

Griffith, David, Surgeon and chaplain, 
3d Virginia regiment, 765. Letters 
from, 767, 794. 

Griffiths, , introduced to Washing 
ton, 275. 

Grimes, John, Capt., Continental row- 
galley " Spitfire," 173. 

Grinnell, John, Capt., Continental 
frigate " Congress," Letter to, 321. 

Grosvenor, Thomas, Lt. col., 3d and 1st 
Connecticut regiments, dispute with 
Johnson, 934, 2100; answer to que 
ries in Huddy case, 2087. Letter 
from, 2188. Letter to, 2189. 

Grover, Thomas, Lt., 2d Continental 
infantry, 98. Letter from, 100. 

Grubb s landing (Delaware river), 453, 
456 ; action at, 458. 

Gruel, Jean Jacques, 305. 

Guadeloupe (West Indies), 162, 1384; 
intelligence from, 152, 1848; loss of, 
802. 

Guardboats, sec Boats. 

Guard ships, British, see Ships. 

Guards, 228, 356, 357, 456, 781, 882, 
975, 1133, 1221, 1313, 1435, 1465, 
1475, 1493, 1508, 1517, 1518, 1550, 
1656, 1889, 1893, 1917, 1923, 2018, 
2027, 2039, 2044, 2069, 2117, 2120, 

1775 

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Guards Continued. 

2143, 2146, 2271, 2272, 2313; for 
agent in Westchester county, 1454; 
for ammunition, 1923; for surren 
dered arms and accoutrements, 
1972; for baggage, 1130, 1348, 1478, 
1480, 1481 ; for beacon signal, 1073 ; 
for blockhouse and huts, 2206; 

British, 545, 548, 1151, 1181, 

1221, 1273, 1891, 2283; attempt to 

capture, 1233; described, 1720; 

doubled, 2073, 2112; foraging, 

1583; 

captured by British, 968, 969, 970, 
1284 ; for cattle, 556, 560 ; cautioned, 
1669; cavalry, 509; coast, 1328; for 
Closter landings, 1479, 1487; for 
clothing, 2353; for communications, 
1614; complained against, 1217; 
conduct of, 500 ; for deserters, 2326 ; 
detachments for, 1821; duty, 1271, 
1295; duty disliked, 2067; duty on 
the lines, 2305; for Dobbs Ferry, 
1560, 1623, 2227; at Elizabethtown, 
1031, 1239, 1344 ; for express routes, 
872; ferry, 1947; flour, 1434; flour 
boats, 925; ford, 633; French, 1265; 
for French bakery, 1935 ; for French 
ships, 1729; for the French in 
Rhode Island, 1840; for casting fur 
nace, 1409, 1410; for grain, 2184; 
healthy, 1501 ; for Highland passes, 
766 ; for hospitals, 549, 558 ; at Hun 
ter, 2237 ; ill treat British prisoners, 
1459; for inhabitants, 2033; at 
Kings ferry, 864, 872, 875; labora 
tory, 1081 ; on the lines, 2375 ; maga 
zine, 2379; for mast cutters, 1245; 
militia, 633, 1035, 1309, 1354, 1383; 
militia horse cooperates with Conti 
nentals, 1312, 1313; for money sent 
to British prisoners, 2045; needed, 
1619, 1919, 1974, 1976 ; officer absent, 
1271, 1295; for Philadelphia, 661, 
710, 969; at Pine s bridge, 1521; po 
sition, 1237; posting of, 1444; for 
posts, 1068; to prevent intercourse 
with enemy, 598; 

for prisoners, 568, 1090, 1217, 

1459, 1462, 1989, 1997, 2020, 2292; 

for Convention troops, 553, 853, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2609 



Guards Continued. 

857, 861, 877, 883, 904, 938, 979, 
1040, 1114; 

for provisions, 696, 750; for pur 
chaser of cattle, 1460 ; for roads, 500, 
559, 1053 ; relief, 1709 ; remonstrance, 
1079; for Rhode Island shores, 628; 
in Ringwood clove, 2004; for salt 
works, 510, 531, 584; at Saratoga, 
1004; sergeant escapes with Tory 
prisoner, 1582; for slaves recovered 
from British, 1978 ; at Smith s clove, 
1359 ; for specie, 609 ; standing, 1656 ; 
for stores and supplies, 338, 341, 410, 
428, 461, 462, 571. 618, 623, 632, 739, 
877, 958, 987, 1008, 1028, 1041, 1144, 
1385, 1412, 1695, 1774, 2385; at Suf- 
fern s, 1624; surprised, 916, 1239, 
1245; Valley Forge encampment, 
545, 546; for vessel at Bordentown, 
430 ; vigilance, 1248, 1251 ; for Wash 
ington, 1533 ; water, 1272, 1275, 1662, 
1730, 1876, 2110; for West Point, 
1145 ; withdrawn, 1221, 1241 ; wound 
British prisoners, 1090. 

Guards, see also Commander in chief, 
guard. 

Guards, The, see Army, British, regi 
ments. 

Gueniot, , Physician, Avalon, 
France, Letter from, 2376. Letter 
to, 2438. 

Guichen, Louis Urbain du Bouexic, 
Comte de, Lt. gen., and commander- 
in-chief, French navy in the West 
Indies, 1523, 1582 ; cooperation plans 
with, 1543; despatches for, 1448; 
fleet, 1462, 1511, 1518, 1519, 1520, 
1527, 1549, 1555, 1560; list of fleet, 
1281, 1290. Letter to, 1524. 

Guides, 1930, 1934, 2301, 2305, 2331, 
2344; destroy parole papers, 2088; 
Indian, executed, 2090; for In 
dian expedition, 920, 1023, 1037; 
needed, 663; Oneida, 1123; protec 
tion of, 1403; 

Guilford Courthouse (North Carolina), 
battle of, 1756, 1766; account of, 
1751, 1768; defeat at, 1770; losses 
at, 1751; British losses at, 1751, 
1765; militia behavior at, 1751; 



( iuilford Courthouse Continued. 
British proclamation after, 1765; 
British retreat toward, 1747. 

Guillot, Francis, Capt. Independent 
company of Canadians, 120. 

Guillot, Jean de, 126. 

Guineas, see Money. 

Guismere, de, Capt., Hesse Hanau 

Regiment, German allied troops, 
1132. 

Gulph Mill (Pennsylvania), 523. 

Gun-barrels, see Arms. 

Gunboats, see Armed vessels; also 
Boats. 

Gunby, John, Col., 7th Maryland regi 
ment, 359, 1128, 1306, 1307. Letters 
from, 514, 1279. Letters to, 707, 
708, 1216. 

Gun-flints, see Flints. 

Gunlocks, see Arms. 

Gun screws, 521. 

Gunners, for Arnold s vessels, 160; 
see also Artillerymen. 

Gunner s Bay (Long Island), 1486. 

Gunnery, see Artillery. 

Guns, see Arms, also Artillery. 

"Gustavus" (Maj. gen. Benedict 
Arnold), Letter from, 1491. 

Guthrie, John, Lt. and ad j., 8th Penn 
sylvania regiment, 927. 

Guy, Jonathan, Sergt. maj., Invalid 
corps, 430, 453. 

G d, , Capt., militia f, Let 



ter to, 1677. 



H. 



H. Senior, British spy, journal, 1793. 

Haas, see De Haas. 

Haasbrook, Joseph, Lt. t New York? 
militia, 1039. 

Hackenberg, Friedrich von, Maj. gen., 
Hessian troops, 1777, 1778, 1780. 

Hackensack (New Jersey), 220, 221, 
326, 688, 694, 748 ; British movements 
at and near, 296, 418, 761, 762, 778, 
1074; British raid on, 1282, 1284, 
1286, 1336; British losses at, 1286; 
behavior of Continentals at and their 
losses, 1286. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Hackensack Bridge (New Jersey), Let 
ter to commanding officer at, 732. 

Hackensack River (New Jersey), 159, 
780; British move up, 759, 1330, 
1331. 

Hackenwelder, John, see Heckenwel- 
der. 

Hackettstown (New Jersey), 331, 1383, 
1401, 1404. 

Hackney, Joseph, Private 2d Continen 
tal artillery, 2320, 2321. 

Hackney, William, Private, 2d Conti 
nental artillery, 2320, 2321. 

Haddonfield (New Jersey), 482, 488, 
557, 655 ; British attempt to surprise, 
559 ; skirmishing and losses at, 593. 

Hadley (Massachusetts), 1G51. 

Hagan, Francis, Hospital physician and 
surgeon, Letter from, 1596. 

Hagerstown (Maryland), 872. 

Hairba-uch, John Zeman, Hessian de 
serter, 1025. 

Haldimand, Frederick, Maj. and It. 
gen., British army; commander-in- 
chief in Canada, 1793, 2132, 2364, 
2450, 2457; peace despatches for, 
2369; popularity, 1885; releases 
American prisoners, 2458; speech to 
Oneidas, 1065, 1069; speech to the 
Six Nations, 2368 ; Steuben s negotia 
tions with for surrender of British 
western posts, 2422, 2423, 2424, 2428, 
2429; Vermont relations, 1579, 2160. 
Letters from, 1579, 2341, 2422, 2423, 
2424, 2455. Letters and orders to, 
944, 1491, 1821, 2047, 2237, 2417, 
2421, 2423, 2439. 

Hale, Daniel, Maj., New York state 
agent, 1607, 1619, 1622. 

Half King, Wyandot Indian chief, 
speeches, 915, 916, 963, 1002, 1003, 
1408. 

Half Moon (New York), 399. 

Half pay, see Pay. 

Halifax (Nova Scotia), 779, 1145, 1166; 
attempt on, 2102; British fleet or 
transports, sail for, 1171, 1349, 2217, 
2219, 2224, 2279; British fleet sails 
from, 139, 157, 2253; British troops 
at, 748, 760, 764, 867. 1349, 1356, 
1376, 1657, 1855; Hessian troops at, 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-.TUXE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER-.. _ 1-60 



Halifax (Nova Scotia) Continued. 
2224, 2241; Scotch troops at, 989; 
British troops from, 958; British 
troops sent to, 793, 810, 813, 821, 
822, 1147, 1160, 1172, 1180, 1336, 2215, 
2441; capture, 31, 784, 810; expedi 
tious against, 72, 691 ; events in, 760 ; 
fortifications, 867, 1349, 1363 1548, 
French fleet off, 1372 ; garrison, 1349, 
1356 ; directions for entering harbor, 
1422 ; harbor plan, 1349, 1350, 1376 ; 
plan of harbor and town, 1548; in 
habitants, 1376; intelligence from, 
1330, 1346, 1349, 1358, 1376, 1395, 
1453; loyalists go to, 2215, 2226, 
2234, 2239, 2246, 2321 ; prisoners sent 
to, 1482; roads to, 1376; situation 
at. 1420, 1657; stores at, 169; 
strength of, 1021 ; trade, 1376. 

Halifax (North Carolina), 641, 1820. 

Hall, David, Col., Delaware regiment, 
270; conduct, 2021. Letters from, 
20S4, 2411. Letters and orders to, 
1058, 1099, 1120, 1122, 2102. 

Hall, David, Justice of the peace, 
Goshen precinct, New York, Letter 
from, 1768. 

Hall, David, jr., Col., 1st Maryland 
regiment, 524, 529. Letter from, 523. 

Hall, Enoch, 862. 

Hall, Josias Carvel, Col., 4th Maryland 
regiment, 490, 830; court-martial, 
586. Letters from, 5S5, 620. Let 
ters to, 271, 590, 609, 947. 

Hall, Zachariah, Lt., 70th Foot, Brit 
ish army, 2018, 2020. 

Hallain, Robert, Capt., 4th Connecticut 
regiment, 900, 1137. 

Hallett, James, of Stamford, Connect 
icut; sea captain a.nd pilot, Letters 
to, 1092, 1147. 

Hallet, Jonah, Lt., Malcom s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, Letter 
from, 9S9. 

Hallett, Jonathan, Capt., 2d Nciv York 
regiment, Letters from, 1091, 1282, 
1310. 

Halsey, Jeremiah, Lt., 6th Connecticut 
regiment, 52. 

Halstead Point (Elizabethtown, N. J.), 
1315. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2611 



Halstead, John, Commissary of army 
before Quebec, money received from 
Arnold, 1225. Letter from, 1114. 

Halstead, Mathias, Brig.-maj., Winds 
brigade, Letter from, 679. 

Hamilton, Alexander, Capt., New fork 
artillery; It. col., aide to Washing 
ton, 273, 515, 539, 560, 588, 590, 597, 
607, 644, 676, 681, 775, 820, 826, 867, 
877, 1129, 1142, 1151, 1155, 1158, 
1160, 1163, 1170, 1263, 1272, 1277, 
1279, 1295, 1322, 1344, 1363, 1385, 
1404, 1430, 1562, 1660, 1691, 1969, 
2459 ; artillery company of, 94, 216 ; 
suggested for adj. gen., 1614, 1637; 
commission, 591, 1804, 2048; com 
missioner to exchange prisoners, 581, 
586, 596, 607, 639, 856, 871, 1269, 
1270; cooperation with St. Glair, 
1298; course approved, by Washing 
ton, 472; criticises Knox s estimate, 
1224; deposition, 1582; his detach 
ment, 668; difficulties in the way of 
his appointment to a command, 1803 ; 
disagreement with Washington, 
1796 ; dragoons to assist, 422 ; inter 
view with D Estaing, 689; fails to 
intercept Arnold, 1548; mission to 
the French fleet, 1362; mission to 
Gates, 452, 455, 459, 460, 461, 465, 
469; health, 469, 478, 480, 483, 692; 
ideas on the conference at Hartford, 
1497; ideas for cooperation with 
French in attack on New York, 1496 ; 
influence requested 1212 ; instruc 
tions for his mission to the Northern 
army, 452; judgment confided in by 
Washington, 590; opinion on ex 
change of prisoners, 1279; opinion 
of Gordon, 1322; opinion on the 
Northern situation, 455; orders to 
Putnam, 464, 465; orders troops for 
ward, 462; plan of attack on New 
York, 1658; powers to, 586, 871, 
1269; ungenerous reflections on Put 
nam, 472 ; refuses compensation for 
services, 2048; regrets embarrassing 
Washington and understands re 
fusal of appointment, 1810; report 
from, 877 ; report on exchange nego 
tiations, 1287; report on storm of 



Hamilton, Alexander Continued, 
redoubt at Yorktown, 1969 ; request 
ed to draft Washington s answer to 
an address, 1745; requests oppor 
tunity to acquire a military repu 
tation, 1618; resignation, 1786; re 
signs but remains at headquarters, 
1719 ; return to camp, 1171 ; rheuma 
tism, 469 ; goes to Rhode Island, 689 ; 
wishes employment in the army, 
1804. Letters from, 269, 277, 301, 
327, 331, 334, 339, 340, 384, 406, 407, 
435, 439, 455, 459, 464, 465, 469, 473, 

541, 579, 590, 591, 593, 600, 605, 613, 
614, 666, 668, 672, 680, 685, 689, 692, 
699, 700, 709, 754, 755, 764, 784, 796, 
921, 925, 933, 941, 991, 1017, 1023, 
1035, 1045, 1059, 1061, 1171, 1176, 
1212, 1224, 1269, 1278, 1287, 1295, 
1304, 1322, 1337, 1357, 1362, 1412, 
1548, 1562, 1615, 1618, 1644, 1734, 
1804, 1810, 1916, 1969, 2048. Letters 
to, 290, 404, 405, 423, 440, 448, 450, 
452, 455, 539, 590, 639, 643, 645, 718, 
833, 860, 866, 947, 949, 994, 1107, 
1113 1127, 1128, 1157, 1159, 1162, 
1164, 1166, 11,68, 1170, 1179, 1270, 
1300, 1321, 1551, 1599, 1615, 1650, 
1684, 1685, 1723, 1736, 1745, 1795, 
1803, 1917. Drafts, copies and trans 
lations by, 203, 233, 263, 264, 265, 
266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 272, 273, 278, 
286, 296, 304, 333, 336, 337, 338, 341, 
345, 349, 350, 352, 353, 357, 364, 365, 
368, 369, 370, 374, 377, 379, 380, 381, 
383, 386, 388, 395, 399, 400, 409, 410, 
411, 412, 416, 423, 426, 427, 428, 430, 
431, 432, 435, 437, 441, 442, 443, 444, 
445, 446, 450, 451, 513, 515, 517, 540, 

542, 546, 547, 551, 554, 557, 558, 559, 
560, 566, 569, 573, 575, 584, 586, 592, 
593, 596, 597, 600, 602, 604, 605, 606, 
607, 610, 613, 614, 616, 617, 618, 620, 
621, 623, 624, 630, 631, 636, 637, 644, 
651, 652, 653, 657, 660, 661, 664, 674, 
677, 683, 684, 687, 689, 697, 702, 704, 
705, 706, 707, 708, 709, 711, 716, 717, 
718, 724, 727, 730, 732, 738, 739, 740, 
745, 747, 750, 753, 755, 760, 763, 764, 
766, 771, 772, 774, 776, 777, 778, 780, 
781, 783, 784, 787, 792, 796, 797, 799, 



1779 1780 1781 

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2612 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Hamilton, Alexander Continued. 
801, 804, 806, 808, 810, 811, 812, 815, 
816, 817, 818, 821, 824, 825, 826, 827, 
832, 847, 851, 854, 857, 861, 862, 863, 
864, 867, 870, 872, 874, 880, 882, 883, 
886, 888, 890, 892, 893, 900, 902. 911, 
912, 915, 919, 920, 922, 924, 925, 926, 
931, 932, 933, 935, 936, 940, 943, 946, 
947, 949, 954, 955, 958, 970, 971, 973, 
977, 981, 983, 984, 992, 993, 994, 998, 
1000, 1001, 1002, 1004, 1006, 1007, 
1009, 1011, 1016, 1017, 1018, 1019, 
1020, 1023, 1024, 1027, 1028, 1029, 
1030, 1031, 1032, 1033, 1034, 1036, 
1038, 1039, 1040, 1043, 1044, 1045, 
1046, 1047, 1048, 1049, 1051, 1052, 
1053, 1054, 1055, 1056, 1057, 1058, 
1059, 1060, 1061, 1062, 1063, 1064, 
1065, 1066, 1067, 1068, 1069, 1070, 
1071, 1072, 1073, 1074, 1075, 1076, 
1077, 1078, 1081, 1083, 1084, 1086, 
1088, 1092, 1094, 1095, 1096, 1098, 
1100, 1101, 1102, 1104, 1105, 1106, 
1108, 1109, 1110, 1113, 1114, 1117, 
1118, 1119, 1120, 1123, 1124, 1125, 1127, 
1128, 1130, 1131, 1133, 1134, 1135, 1136, 
1137, 1138, 1140, 1141, 1142, 1143, 1144, 
1145, 1146, 1147, 1149, 1151, 1164, 1179. 
1196, 1198, 1200, 1201, 1202, 1203, 1204, 
1207, 1208, 1209, 1210, 1211, 1212, 1214, 
1216, 1217, 1228, 1230, 1233, 1244, 1247, 
1248, 1249, 1250, 1251, 1253, 1259, 1262, 
1263, 1264, 1265, 1266, 1267, 1270, 1287, 
1288, 1289, 1295, 1297, 1302, 1304, 1305, 
1309, 1311, 1315, 1316, 1318, 1319. 
1320, 1323, 1324, 1325, 1327, 1331, 
1336, 1337, 1341, 1345, 1348, 1351, 
1354, 1355, 1356, 1358, 1359, 1361, 
1363, 1366, 1370, 1371, 1375, 1377, 
1380, 381, 1394, 1398, 1400, 1401, 
1405, 1407, 1409, 1410, 1414, 1416, 
1417, 1419, 1421, 1422, 1425, 1427, 
1428, 1430, 1433, 1435, 1436, 1438, 
1449, 1451, 1457, 1458, 1470, 1478, 
1483, 1487, 1500, 1502, 1515, 1524, 
1527, 1533, 1543, 1549, 1551, 1552, 
1553, 1554, 1557, 1561, 1562, 1564, 
1566, 1567, 1570, 1571, 1575, 1577, 
1578, 1579, 1581, 1585, 1587, 1588, 
1590, 1591, 1592, 1593, 1596, 1613, 
1615, 1616, 1617, 1618, 1620, 1622, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-60 



Hamilton, Alexander Continued. 
1623, 1658, 1680, 1686, 1687, 1688, 
1689, 1691, 1692, 1694, 1697, 1703, 
1704, 1706, 1708, 1709, 1710, 1711, 
1713, 1715, 1716, 1717, 1718, 1719, 
1721, 1723, 1724, 1725, 1726, 1728, 
1729, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1735, 1737, 
1738, 1739, 1741, 1743, 1777, 1781, 
17S8. 1791, 1793, 1794, 1795, 1796, 
1S06. 

Hamilton, Andrew, Former It., British 
army, Letter from, 9. 

Hamilton, Henry, Royal It. gov., of 
Detroit, Exchange of, 1570, 1601, 
1633, 1638 ; lies of, 925 ; movements, 
949; proclamation, 350, 418; prom 
ises and speeches to the Indians, 
942; treatment of, 1136. 

Hamilton, Henry, Ensign, and adj., 
17th Foot, British army, 1355. Let 
ters from, 1332, 1387, 1632. 

Hamilton, James, Capt., 1st; maj., 2d 
Pennsylvania regiments, 1009, 1837. 

Hamilton, James, Schoolmaster, New- 
burgh, Neiv York, Letter to, 65. 

Hamilton, James Inglis, Col., 21st Foot 
and brig, gen., British army in Amer 
ica, 624, 844, 1277, 1482. Letter 
from, 815, 1479. Letter to, 870. 

Hamilton, John, Lt. col., Royal North 
Carolina volunteers, British provin 
cial troops, rout of his corps, 1740. 

Hamilton, Robert, 93. 

Hamilton, Sir Robert, May. gen., Brit 
ish army in America, 520, 526. 

Hamilton, , introduced to Washing 
ton, 65. 

Hamman, James, Lt. col. and col., 
Westchester county New York mili 
tia, Letters from, 147, 343. 

Hanimell, Jury, Brig.-maj., James Clin 
ton s New York brigade and Dutch- 
ess county, New York, militia, 611, 
623, 631, 707. 

Hammett, William, Loyalist, 617, 620. 

Hammond, Abijah, Lt., Invalid regi 
ment, Letter to, 1931. 

Hammond, Benjamin, Lt., llth Penn 
sylvania regiment, 550. 

Hammond, George, Lt., New Hamp 
shire f militia, 1374. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2613 



Hammond s Store (South Carolina), 
victory at, 165G, 1664, 1716. 

Hampshire county Massachusetts, 110, 
683; militia, 1914, 1918; recruits, 
1912; rioting in, 2146. 

Hampton, Wade, Col., South Carolina 
militia, 1904. 

Hampton (Virginia), 1959. 

Hampton Roads ( Virginia ) , 1131 ; Brit 
ish in, 1686, 1908, 1918. 

Hamtranck, John Francis, Capt. and 
maj., 2d New York regiment, 2455. 
Letter from, 2023. Letter to, 2025. 

Hait, Benjamin, of Morristoivn, N. J., 
222. 

Hancock, Ebenezer, Deputy paymaster 
general, Eastern department, 350, 
521. Letter from, 242. 

Hancock, John, President, Continental 
Congress; Massachusetts delegate, 
Continental Congress; maj. gen., 
Massachusetts militia; governor of 
Massachusetts, 61, 132, 148, 778, 1685, 
1884, 1913; appointment, 1684; con 
duct, 745; feeling for Washington, 
1781 ; requests aid of French fleet 
for Penobscot expedition. 1752. Let 
ters from, 2, 459. Letters to, 4, 1785. 

HANCOCK, Continental armed schooner, 
102. 

Hand, Edward, Col., 1st Continental 
infantry and 1st Pennsylvania regi 
ment; brig, and adj. gen., Continental 
army, 154, 213, 270, 348. 350, 368, 
418, 646, 711, 713, 773, 796, 816. 818, 
835, 842, 846, 847. 848, 865, 873, 900, 
947, 955, 960, 963, 964, 965, 983, 1040, 
1288, 1296, 1356, 1510, 1590, 1767, 
1829, 1853, 1858, 1890, 1910, 1985, 
2062, 2133, 2222, 2302. 2324, 2355,2381, 
2407, 2415; leave of absence, 949, 
953, 1203, 1664; appointed adjutant 
general, 1689 ; advises attack on Che- 
mung, 865 ; answers questions on the 
Indian country, 1041, 1042; answers 
to questions as to attack on New 
York, 2014; attempt on Indian and 
Tory settlements, 881 ; his attempt on 
Kingsbridge, 1881; brigade strength. 
1125; consultation with Schuyler, 
869; cooperation with Anaquaga ex- 



Hand, Edward Continued. 

pedition, 801 ; cooperation with Clin 
ton, 856, 857 ; censure of Hazen, 1408 : 
dislikes frontier commands, 869 ; ex 
pedition against the Indians, 574 : 
on roads and distances in Indian 
country, 961; interference with re 
cruiting, 411 ; observations on sub 
sistence issues, 2167; opinion on at 
tacking New York, 1382; opinion in 
council of general officers, 2111 ; 
opinion in council of war, 800, 1291, 
1390, 1516, 1589, 1594; opinion on 
light infantry position, 2223 ; opinion 
on peace establishment of the army, 
2385 ; opinion on the situation, 1510 ; 
orders, 1404; position of his troops, 
881, 983 ; rank, 1014, 1039, 1386 ; re - 
port on Indian expedition, 809; re 
quest for Pennsylvania rifle corps, 
869; on winter campaign in Indian 
country, 869. Letters and orders 
from, 170, 190, 418, 464, 800, 801, 805, 
821, 840, 841, 844, 854, 858, 869, 881, 
899, 903, 949, 959. 961, 967, 977, 986, 
989, 990, 996, 1008, 1014, 1023, 1203, 
1291, 1390, 1516, 1594, 1664, 1721, 
1760, 1835, 2200, 2223, 2379, 2382, 
2411, 2413, 2414. Letters and in 
structions to, 193, 194, 272, 411, 436, 
806, 834, 841, 842, 845, 847, 848, 851. 
856, 867, 894, 900, 901, 913, 925, 928, 
945, 950, 953, 955, 962, 966, 971, 983, 
986, 996, 1039, 1247, 1365, 1689, 1805, 
1881, 2062, 2162, 2302, 2340, 2384, 
2410, 2413. Regiment. 159. 161, 272. 

Handbills, British, 1821. 

Handspikes. 1618. 

Hangings, by loyalists, 2140; of loyal 
ists. 2098, 2099 ; threatened, 988. 

HANNAH, Continental armed schooner, 
13; instructions for. 36. 

HANNAH, l)rigantinc, 115. 

Hanover Courthouse (Virginia), 1997. 

Hansbnry, Frederick, Deserter, 55th 
Foot, British Army, 337. 

Hansen, Peter, Asst. clothier, Orders 
to, 709. 

Hanson, Alexander Contee, Asst. Sec 
retary to Washington, Drafts and 
copies by. 121. 122, 129. 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Hanson, John, President, Continental \ 
Congress, 2216. 

HAPPY RETURN, Prize. 94. 

Harbor forts, see Forts. 

Harbors, protection of, 2382. 

Hardbread, see Bread. 

Hardenbergh, Abraham. Lt., 1st New 
York regiment, 1056. Letter from, 
1349. 

Hardenbergh, Cornelius, Capt., 3d New 
York regiment, 201. 

Hardenbergh, Johannes, Lt. col., New 
York militia, Letter from, 162. 

Hardenbergh, John L., Lt., 2d New 
York regiment, 1052, 1053, 1080. 

Hardenbrook, , New York loyalist. 

176. 

Hardie, Robert, Capt., Pennsylvania 
navy, 471. 

Harding, Thomas, Master, British brig- 
antine "Patsey," 1131. 

Hardship, see Distress. 

Ha ring, John, Judge, Orange county. 
New York, Letter from, 1449. 

Harlem (New York), communication 
with Morrisania, 2283. 

Harlem Heights (New York), 391. 

Harlem Plains (New York), skirmish, 
186. 

Harlem River (New York), 175, 1305; 
canal to Hudson river, 1009. 

Hurling, John, 2085. 

Harman, Jacob. 867. 

Harman, Josiah, Lt. col., 7th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1415. 

Harmony, 374, 450, 920, 931, 1435, 1750, 
1958, 1964 ; in Canada, 127 ; with the 
French, 711, 712, 717, 723, 727, 728, 
735, 743, 745, 755, 761, 1435, 1445, 
1594, 1894, 1962, 2258; between In 
spector s department and the line, 
653; with navy in defense of Fort 
Mifflin, 446, 448, 454 ; in Northern de 
partment, 163; at Red Bank, 458; 
Washington on, 735, 1510. 

Harnage, Henry, Maj., 62d Foot, Brit 
ish army. 957, 973, 998, 1218, 1226, 
1477, 1550; exchange, 1029, 1053, 
1118, 1129. Letters from, 957, 1316. 
Letters to, 1029, 1053. 



Harnage, Honour, Wife of Maj. Henry 
Harnage, Letter from, 1118. Letter 
to, 1129. 

Harness, 569, 1085, 1086, 1477 ; needed, 
1084, 1087, 1460, 1509; repair of, 
1260 ; for Washington, 1280. 

Harper. Alexander, Capt., New York 
militia, 743. 

Harper s Field (New York), burned. 
1618. 

Harringtown (New Jersey), Baylor s 
corps surprised at, 762, 763, 765, 766, 
767, 768, 769, 777; Baylor s account 
of the surprise, 802. 

Harris, Edward, Serot., loth Virginia, 
rejiment, 640. 

Harris. George. Private, 1st New Jer 
sey regiment, 193. 

Harris, Joseph, Ensign, llth Continen 
tal infantry, Letter from. 21. 

Harris, Moses, American spy. intro 
duced to Washington, 2350. 

Harris, Robert, Letter from, 437. 

Harris, Robert, Lt., New York ? mili 
tia, 2065. 

Harris, , 1813. 

Harris Ferry (Dead River ? Morris 
county, New Jersey), 1004. 

HARBISON, Continental armed schooner, 
outfitting, 36, 54, 69; prizes of, 65. 
84. 

Harrison, Benjamin, Governor of Vir 
ginia, 2055, 2078, 2116 ; claim against 
British, 2293; letter to Carleton. 
2293; money for. 2302, 2305, 2343. 
2352, 2354/2357, 2358, 2360, 2384. 
Letters from, 2017. 2329. 

Harrison. Benjamin, jr., Continental 
paymaster in Virginia, Letter from, 
1953. 

Harrison, Charles, Col., 1st Continental 
artillery, 1504; rank, 707, 932, 1035. 
Letters from, 297, 1249. 1629. Let 
ters and instructions to, 240, 932. 
1035, 1197, 1579. Regiment, 240. 297. 
636, 1197, 1249. 1554, 1629. 

Harrison, Cuthbert, Capt., 1st Conti 
nental dragoons, 543. Letter from. 
413. 

Harrison, John, Capt., Pennsylvania 
navy, 471. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY^JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER... _ 1-60 



1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-854 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2615 



Harrison, Richard, Merchant of Cadiz, 
Spain, purchases and ships clothing 
to America, 1748. Letters from, 1769, 
1807. 

Harrison, Richard, Deserter, 31th Foot, 
British army, 337. 

Harrison, Robert Hanson, Lt. col., aide 
and military secretary to Washing 
ton, 38, 41, 49, 52, 53, 58, 65, 78, 89, 
95, 103, 108, 123, 125, 126, 131, 136, 
158, 165, 192, 200, 209, 229, 242, 250, 
277, 283, 306, 391, 394, 397, 421, 482, 
495, 498, 504, 505, 515, 529, 562, 588, 
596, 597, 607, 620, 622, 635, 650, 653, 
760, 777, 820, 877, 907, 942, 953, 961, 
962, 997, 998, 1011, 1013, 1018, 1019, 

1046, 1056, 1094, 1116, 1151, 1168, 
1215, 1217, 1251, 1269, 1288, 1319, 
1322, 1346, 1343, 1353, 1395, 1429, 
1431, 1441, 1469, 1553, 1554, 1556, 
1592, 1658; certificate of service, 
1758 ; commission, 591 ; commissioner 
to exchange prisoners, 252, 254, 266, 

280, 871 ; exchange negotiations by, 

281, 282, 856, 596, 997; health, 237, 
1784; intends leading the army, 1736; 
judgment confided in by Washington, 
590; memorandum of Sheldon s ig 
norance of Arnold s treachery, 1562 ; 
powers to, 266, 586, 871, 972 ; private 
affairs, 1625, 1736; report, 877, 997. 
Letters and orders from, 2, 41, 48, 
50, 52, 54, 55, 57, 58, 61, 65, 67, 73, 
80, 94, 95, 97, 99, 105, 108, 110, 120, 
121, 136, 139, 157, 167, 177, 180, 183, 
197, 195, 201, 202. 203, 210, 211, 213, 
221, 276, 280, 323, 342, 344, 356, 360, 
406, 410, 413, 417, 418, 444, 474, 529, 
537, 557, 563, 586, 590, 593, 598, 600, 
609, 648, 679, 693, 705, 709, 714, 733, 
745, 764, 770, 772, 792, 819, 834, 838, 
849, 875, 957, 968, 969, 980, 997, 1013, 

1047, 1052, 1055, 1056, 1059, 1060, 
1063, 1073, 1075, 1076, 1078, 1079, 
1082, 1085, 1093, 1094, 1103, 1118, 
1125, 1139, 1145, 1155, 1158, 1165, 
1173, 1178, 1189, 1190, 1205, 1206, 
1219, 1220, 1221. 1223, 1224, 1225, 
1226, 1230, 1234, 1235, 1241, 1244, 
1260, 1275, 1279, 1280, 1283. 1299, 
1301. 1305, 1306, 1312. 1327, 1337, 



Harrison, Robert Hanson Continued 
1339, 1364, 1423, 1465, 1501, 1564. 
1625, 1736, 1784. Letters, instruc 
tions, and orders to, 83, 185, 206, 232, 
237, 239, 254, 279, 305, 418, 480, 513, 
529, 579, 581, 583, 588, 590, 624, 775, 
781, 815, 851, 885, 934, 1011, 1012. 
1090, 1140, 1179, 1183, 1214, 1234, 
1238, 1279, 1280, 1283, 1295, 1296, 
1319, 1329, 1339, 1344, 1351, 1353, 
1365, 1474. Drafts and copies by, 
13, 18, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 47, 49, 50, 
51, 52, 53, -54, 56, 57, 58, 60, 63, 64, 
65, 66, 68, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 77, 78, 
84, 97, 101, 105, 107, 108, 109, 110, 
111, 112, 115, 118, 119, 120, 122, 124, 
126, 127, 129, 131, 132, 133, 134, 136, 
137, 139, 140, 143, 146, 158, 159, 164, 
169, 170, 172, 173, 174, 175, 178, 180, 
181, 182, 190, 192, 193, 194, 195, 
197, 204, 206, 207, 208, 212, 215, 217, 
218, 219, 220, 221, 230, 232, 239, 247, 
249, 250, 251, 252, 254, 257, 261, 272, 
273, 274, 275, 276, 280, 282, 287, 289, 
291, 295, 296, 297, 304, 306, 309, 333, 
335, 340, 342, 345, 350, 351, 357, 358, 
361, 365, 366, 367, 369, 373, 374, 379, 
380, 383, 385, 386, 388, 390, 392, 395, 
400, 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 
408, 409, 410, 414, 415, 416, 417, 420, 
422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 430, 438, 
441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 452, 453, 
454, 458, 461, 462, 470, 471, 480, 483, 
484, -485, 488, 493, 498, 499, 501, 513, 
519, 520, 521, 522, 528, 529, 531, 534, 
536, 538, 541, 542, 543, 544, 547, 551, 
554, 557, 558, 560, 564, 565, 571, 572, 
574, 579, 581, 587, 592, 593, 596, 600, 
602, 604, 606, 611, 612, 613, 615, 616, 
618, 624, 625, 626, 627, 628, 630, 633, 
641, 642, 643, 644, 645, 646, 647, 648, 
649, 651, 657, 658, 659, 661, 663, 664, 
667, 668, 670, 679, 680, 682, 683, 684, 
685, 686, 687, 689, 690, 695, 697, 700, 
703, 706, 707, 708, 711, 714, 724, 730, 
734, 735, 743, 747, 748, 756, 757, 766, 
769, 771, 772, 795, 797, 802, 806, 812, 
814, 817, 824, 826, 829, 848, 852. 853, 
854, 857, 861, 866, 868, 870, 871, 872, 
874, 875, 876, 879, 880, 881, 882, 888, 
889. 893, 894, 934, 939, 953, 956, 962, 



1779 1780 1781 

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894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

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1782 1783 

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2014-2160 2312-2412 

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2616 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Harrison, Robert Hanson Cbntd. 

966, 967, 969, 972, 1000, 1004, 1007, 

1008, 1009, 1010, 1011, 1012, 1015, 

1016, 1019, 1020, 1022, 1024, 1025, 

1027, 1028, 1035, 1036, 1037. 1039, 

1042, 1043, 1047. 1048, 1049. 1054, 

1055, 1056, 1057, 1058, 1059, 1060, 

1061, 1065, 1066, 1067, 1069, 1070, 

1071, 1072, 1073, 1076, 1077, 1078, 

1081, 1083, 1084, 1086, 1087, 1088, 

1089, 1091, 1092, 1093, 1094, 1095, 

1096, 1097, 1098. 1099, 1101, 1102, 

1104, 1105. 1106, 1108. 1109, 1110, 

1111, 1112, 1113, 1114, 1115. 1117, 

1118, 1119, 1122. 1127, 1129, 1130, 

1131, 1133, 1134, 1136, 1139, 1140, 

1141. 1142, 1145, 1146, 1147, 1148, 

1149, 1151, 1152, 1153, 1155, 1157, 

1158, 1159, 1160, 1161, 1162, 1163, 

1165, 1166, 1167, 1170, 1173, 1178, 

1179, 1180, 1183, 1184, 1186, 1189, 

1190, 1191, 1196, 1198, 1200, 1201, 

1204, 1205, 1206, 1207, 1208. 1209, 

1211, 1212, 1213, 1216, 1218, 1219, 

1221, 1222, 1225, 1226. 1229, 1234, 

1235, 1236, 1237, 1242, 1243, 1245, 

1247, 1248, 1251, 1253, 1255, 1256, 

1264, 1268, 1269, 1274, 1292, 1301, 

1305, 1310, 1312, 1313, 1316, 1317, 

1320, 1322, 1325, 1326, 1328, 1329, 

1330, 1334, 1339, 1341. 1342, 1343, 
1345, 1347, 1349, 1351, 1352, 1353, 1357, 

1358, 1360, 1365, 1366, 1368, 1370, 

1371, 1375, 1377, 1378, 1381, 1384, 

1386, 1387, 1393, 1395, 1404, 1406. 

1414, 1418, 1419, 1423, 1426, 1427, 

1428, 1429, 1430, 1432, 1433, 1434. 

1436, 1437, 1438, 1442. 1444, 1447, 

1448, 1453, 1462, 1469, 1483, 1487, 

1490, 1491, 1502. 1510, 1512, 1520, 

1522, 1526, 1532, 1533, 1535, 1546, 

1547, 1549, 1550, 1553, 1560, 1561, 
1567, 1569, 1570, 1571, 1578. 1592. 

Harrison, William, Lt., Smallwood s 
Maryland regiment, 260. 

Hart, Joseph, Col., Pennsylvania mili 
tia, 227. Letter to, 222. 

Hart, William, Private, 2d Continental 
artillery, 1702. 

Hart, William, see D Hart. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Hartford (Connecticut), 43, 852, 854, 
1577. 1586, 1825, 1917; command at. 
827, 836; conference between Wash 
ington and Rochambean at, 1497, 
1515, 1523, 1524. 1527, 1529, 1530. 
1534. 1542, 1543, 1555 ; Convention of 
Eastern States at, 1588. 1607; ex 
presses to Peekskill, 2193; troops 
movements to and from, 803, 807, 
810, 811, 813 ; Washington s journey 
to, 1535. 

Hartley, Thomas, Lt. col., 6th Pennsyl 
vania regiment ; col., Additional Con 
tinental regiment, 622, 2450; elected 
to Pennsylvania assembly, 929; ex 
pedition into the Indian country, 
834; health, 304, 624; observations, 
490 ; rank, 236, 260 ; resignation, 929. 
Letters from, 143. 252, 260, 304,- 624, 
648. Letters and orders to, 233. 288. 
320. 630, 648. 900, 929. Regiment, 
233. 236, 260, 304, 320, 624, 648, 678, 
699, 899, 929. 

Hartshorn, Thomas, Capt.. 8th Massa 
chusetts regiment, 1856. 

Hartsville (Pennsylvania). 393. 

Harvey Reuben, Merchant of Cork, Ire 
land, 2393, 2408 ; aids American pris 
oners and refuses to furnish provi 
sions to British troops, 2339; 
thanked by Congress, 2423. Letter 
from, 2339. Letters to, 2409, 2423. 

Harvey, William, of Virginia, 1992. 

Hasbrouck. Elias, of White Plains, 
New York, 2092. 

Haskell, Elnathon, Capt., 4th Massa 
chusetts regiment; deputy adjutant 
general, 2028. 

Haskell, Henry, Lt. col., 15th Massa 
chusetts regiment, 546. 

Haskell, Jonathan, Ensign, 14th Mas 
sachusetts regiment, Orders to, 546. 

Haas, John Philip see De Hass. 

Hasselabend (Fasselbord), Anthony, 
Ranger of horse, German allied 
troops, 67, 181. 

Hastings, Abijah, Sergt., Gerrish s 
Massachusetts regiment, Orders to, 
41. 

Hastings, Eliphalet. Ensign, Brewer s 
Massachusetts regiment, 35. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2617 



Hatchets, 1952. 

Hatfield, Abel, Loyalist, 1599. 

Hatfield, Cornelius (alias "B"), Loy 
alist and spy, 958, 985, 988. Letter 
from, 1677. 

Hatfield, Isaac, Lt. col., Westchester 
volunteers, British provincial troops, 
1231. 

Hatfield (Hetfield), John Smith, Loy 
alist, Elizabethtoicn, N. J., case of, 
883, 884, 885, 2105, 2142, 2152, 2158; 
delivered to civil authorities, 888; 
detention of, 2103, 2105, 2144; evi 
dences against, 890 ; his execution of 
Ball, 2140; hostage held for, 2096; 
report on case of, 2142. 

Hatfield, Morris. The same as Moses? 

Hatfield, Moses, Commissary of hides, 
1157, 1207, 1213, 1251 ; conduct, 1215, 
1221; intelligence through, 1232; 
suspicions of, 1233, 1235. Letters to, 
1145, 1156, 1162. 

Hatfield, Richard, Letters from, 1036. 

Hatfield (Massachusetts), 1651. 

Hathorn, John, Capt., 80th Foot, Brit 
ish army, Letter from, 2263. 

Hats (Caps), 999, 1102, 1302, 2121, 
2266, 2267, 2321; deficiency, 747, 
2064, 2085 ; issue, 2320 ; leather, 815, 
1646 ; needed, 886 ; purchase of, 899 ; 
supply, 786; for Washington, 921, 
936, 965, 2377 ; woolen, 840. 

Hausseger, Nickolas, Col., Pennsyl 
vania German battalion, 252, 263; 
arrest and charges against, 253; 
commission, 148. Letter from, 1702. 

Havana (Cuba), British fleet sent 
against, 1255; despatches to, 1577; 
governor, see Navarro; intelligence 
from, 1522, 1789, 1861, 2086, 2129; 
Spanish ships of the line at, 1737. 

Haverhill (Massachusetts), 67, 901. 

Haversacks, 641, 987. 

Haverstraw (New York), 560, 565, 566, 
1172, 1563; British attempt to land, 
145; first division of French army 
at, 2224; feeling of inhabitants at, 
560, 561 ; refugee raid at, 2078. 

Haverstraw Bay (New York), British 
fleet in, 1051; depth of water in, 
1398 ; sounding of, 1392. 



Haverstraw forge (New York), 1178. 

Hawes, Samuel, Lt. col., 6th Virginia 
regiment, Letter to, 969. 

Hawker, Earle, Capt., 62d Foot, Brit 
ish army, 1118, 1129, 1218, 1226, 
1477. 

Hawkins, John H., Sergt.-maj., 2d Ca 
nadian regiment, 1135. 

Hawkins, Jonas, 1111. 

Hawkins, Joseph, Private, 7th Vir 
ginia regiment, 2031, 2032, 2035, 
2049, 2059. 

Hawkins, Zachariah, Innkeeper, Derby, 
Connecticut, 309. 

Hawley, Joseph, May., Berkshire 
county, Massachusetts, militia, Let 
ter to, 69. 

Hay, see Forage. 

Hay, Adam, Capt., 31st Foot, British 
army, 1638. 

Hay (Hays), Ann Hawkes, Col., New 
York militia; deputy commissary 
general, Continental army, appoint 
ment, 167; cooperation, 1049; exer 
tions and services, 528, 1048 ; losses, 
528 ; oxen taken for the public, 1430, 
1732, 1734. Letters from, 145, 150, 
154, 160, 277, 528, 560, 2099, 2234. 
Letters to, 761, 1048, 1104, 2124. 

Hay, Samuel, Lt. col., 10th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, Letter from, 1284. 

Hay, Udnfy, Lt. col., deputy quarter 
master general; agent for New York 
state, 735, 954, 1180, 1332, 1358, 1430, 
1451, 1484, 1500, 1537, 1626, 1761, 
1883, 1885 ; abilities, 1241 ; appeals to 
New York legislature, 1235 ; appoint 
ment as State agent, 1389, 1397 ; ar 
rested, 898 ; his assistants, 1440 ; civil 
suit against, 904 ; complaint of, 1262 ; 
efforts and exertions, 1276, 1312, 
1335, 1379, 1432, 1519, 1568, 1601; 
embarrassments and difficulties, 1303 ; 
his expresses, 1263, 1269, 1273 ; frus 
trates plan to rescue Joshua Hett 
Smith, 1551; horses obtained from, 
1527; his house, 2371; to impress 
lumber, 1427; justification of, 1263; 
his letters to New York legislature, 
1303; memorial, 1923; needs monoy, 
1499, 1537; offers services of quar- 



1779 1780 1781 

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2618 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Hay, Udny Continued. 

termaster employees in case of at 
tack, 1082; opinion on roads, 1236; 
plans for flour, 1529 ; plan to pledge 
public property for provisions, 1332, 
1335; prospects ruined, 1607; resig 
nation, 1236, 1463 ; services, 593, 684, 
735, 1513; his situation, 1440; his 
term of office, 1500; workmen for, 
1459, 1463. Letters from, 749, 841, 
861, 897, 904, 1050, 1074, 1082, 
1085, 1175, 1235, 1236, 1273, 1303, 
1329, 1351, 1357, 1377, 1379, 1389, 
1392, 1397, 1412, 1423, 1432, 1440, 
1443, 1445, 1456, 1457, 1461, 1464, 
1480, 1481, 1508, 1511, 1519, 1537, 
1568, 1584, 1607, 1619, 1629, 1642, 
1645, 1654, 1661, 1665, 1666, 1676, 
1686, 1758, 1777, 1805, 1883, 1885. 
Letters and instruction to, 565, 739, 
751, 851, 866, 883, 916, 1019, 1056. 
1073, 1075, 1087, 1179, 1192, 1276, 
1328, 1329, 1333, 1335, 1343, 1377, 
1381, 1405, 1417, 1427, 1429, 1432, 
1441, 1445, 1454, 1457, 1458, 1459, 
1513, 1515, 1522, 1524, 1531, 1536, 
1622, 1646, 1665, 1698, 1761. 

Hayes, John McNamara, Surgeon, Brit 
ish hospital at Albany, 622. Letter 
from 606. 

Hayes, Samuel, May., New Jersey mili 
tia, 1407. Letter from, 380. Letters 
to, 1142, 1152. 

Hayne (Haynes), Isaac, Col., South 
Carolina militia, murder of and re 
taliation for, 1933, 1978, 1995, 2002. 

Haynes, Aaron, Capt., 6th Continental 
Infantry, 13th Massachusetts regi 
ment, Letter from, 88. 

Haynes, John, 292. 

Hays, Ann Hawkes, see Hay. 

Hays, William. 143. 

Hayward, Abner, Capt., 2d Massachu 
setts regiment, 2209. 

Haywood, Benjamin. Capt., 6th Massa 
chusetts regiment, 2098, 2099. 

Hazard, Ebenezer, Surveyor, United 
States Post Office; postmaster gen 
eral, Letters from, 159, 278, 1798, 
2125, 2256, 2268. Letter to, 2251. 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Hazelwood, John, Commodore, Penn 
sylvania navy, 448, 465, 471; ac 
count of action at Red Bank, 444; 
account of actions at Fort Mifflin and 
Red Bank, 448; ammunition, 439, 
444, 446; British attack on, 449; 
character, 460 ; conduct of, 460 ; har 
mony with Smith, 442, 443, 457 ; in 
ability to guard Fort Mifflin, 448; 
praised by Washington, 446; reen- 
forcements, 436, 446, 450, 540; sum 
moned to surrender and his answer, 
435; victory of, 446. Letters and 
orders from, 425, 435, 436, 439, 444, 
448, 473, 540. Letters to, 423, 431, 
435, 437, 441, 442, 446, 450, 455, 457, 
478, 541, 612. 

Hazen, Moses, Col., 2d Canadian regi 
ment; brig, gen., Continental army, 
933, 1412, 1578, 1678, 1744, 1841, 
1922, 1923, 1956, 1965, 2075, 2105, 
2110, 2260, 2266, 2275, 2286, 2325, 
2395, 2396 ; accusations against Bay- 
ley, 938; answers Reid, 2391; at 
tempt against Buskirk s corps, 1244 ; 
authority, 1679, 1706; calls for sup 
plies, 2116; Canadian expedition, 
733, 943, 991, 2067, 2078, 2093 ; cen 
sured, 1408 ; extent of his command, 
2170 ; comment on Reid s court-mar 
tial, 1662; complaints and charges, 
1677, 2330, 2335, 2336, 2348; com 
plaints and charges against, 967, 
1595, 1596, 1598, 1607, 1609, 1918, 
2133 2292, 2293; conduct, 1404; re 
quests court of inquiry, 125, 1404, 
1412 ; court-martial, 1596, 1610, 1632, 
1711; dispute with Pickering and 
Heath, 1713; efforts to break up 
trade with enemy, 2322 ; enlistment 
query, 1172; furnishes money for 
provisions, 1135; garrison orders, 
1645; memorials, 1187, 1251, 2323, 
2338 ; his mistake in selecting Asgill, 
2137; money advanced, 990; motion 
in court-martial, 1682; passport, 
2220; persecution of Duncan, 2351; 
personal losses, 1251; promotion, 
1741, 1871, 1874; rank, 1251, 1373; 
recruits sent to, 2339; refuses con 
sideration to officers grievances, 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2619 



Hazen, Moses Continued. 

1541; the Reid controversy, 2402, 
2409; reports, 733, 938; relief of, 
1241; services, 1251, 1741; on the 
situation, 1607 ; supersedes Schaick, 
1930; treament received, 1676 ; trials, 
2318 ; unauthorized promotions, 2407. 
Letters and orders from, 88, 125, 733, 
852, 888, 937, 938, 943, 990, 991, 1187, 
1195, 1229, 1232, 1235, 1236, 1238, 
1240, 1251, 1404, 1412, 1586, 1607, 
1639, 1669, 1676, 1677, 1711, 1741, 
1863, 1989, 2018, 2067, 2093, 2129, 
2170, 2271, 2274, 2278, 2280, 2284, 
2290, 2291, 2307, 2309, 2318, 2322, 
2328, 2330, 2339, 2348, 2349, 2365, 
2391, 2392, 2397, 2402, 2406, 2414. 
Letters and instructions to, 86, 335, 
871, 876, 935, 944, 1003, 1088, 1120, 
1133, 1146, 1174, 1185, 1216, 1217, 
1229, 1230, 1234, 1237, 1408, 1560, 
1577, 1598, 1664, 1732, 1939, 1989, 
2001, 2020, 2062, 2074, 2078, 2103, 
2119, 2137, 2266, 2275, 2280, 2282, 
2293, 2306, 2310, 2317, 2325, 2330, 
2342, 2352, 2366, 2387, 2398, 2404, 
2409, 2412, 2414. Regiment, 327, 351, 
356, 871, 872, 888, 935, 937, 943, 944, 
983, 990, 1120, 1133, 1146, 1191, 1222, 
1229, 1236, 1238, 1239, 1240, 1276, 1607, 
1676, 1771, 1815, 1849, 1862, 1925, 
1989, 2001, 2271, 2274, 2275, 2291, 
2307, 2334, 2402, 2404, 2405, 2406, 
2413, 2414. Orders to commanding 
officer of, 1800. Brigade, 1408. See 
also Canadian regiments, Second. 

Hazleton, Simeon, Capt., Fellows 
Massachusetts regiment, 52. 

Head of Elk, see, Elk, Head of. 

Headquarters, 766, 790, 868, 869, 960, 
1195, 1312, 1314, 1340, 1384, 1394, 
1570, 1579, 1857, 1863, 1883, 1886, 
1928, 2319, 2320, 2340, 2349, 2351, 
2352, 2376, 2409, 2413, 2414, 2444; 
arrangements, 874 ; baggage, 1987 ; 
boats ordered to, 1968; British de 
serters ordered to, 2310 ; British offi 
cer with peace despatches sent to, 
2367; British spy at, 498; amount 
of business transacted at, 2313; 
changed, 782, 868, 869; clothier at, 



Headquarters Continued. 

1988; Congress committee at, 1298, 
1378, 1411; despatches, 2308; a din 
ner at, 1111; expresses, 765, 1353, 
1354, 1703; French officers at, 1623, 
1635 ; horses, 1792 ; Indian chiefs to 
be sent to, 1979; Lafayette at, 1324, 
1795, 1813; loyalists sent to, 2131; 
mounted detail at, 1020; needs for 
age and wood, 2246; order from, 
2105 ; papers, 1842 ; prisoners of war 
not to be sent to, 2326; recording 
secretary at, see Varick, Richard; 
secret service line of communication, 
1226; tableware for, 921, 922, 2165; 
transportation of baggage and stores, 
1944; winter, 866. 

Health, 1294, 1978, 2113, 2412; of the 
French, 1407 ; printing of rules, 324. 

Heard, James, Lt., Lee s dragoons, 
2094. 

Heard, John, Lt. and capt., 4th Conti 
nental dragoons, 654, 662. Letters 
from, 419, 477, 665, 667, 668. Letter 
to, 1965. 

Heard (Herd), Nathaniel, Brig, gen., 
New Jersey militia, 144, 318, 319, 
1350; his retreat from Millstone, 
302. Letters from, 170, 317, 335, 
1358, 1362. Letters and orders to, 
136, 285, 291, 295, 299, 310, 318, 326, 
336, 343, 354, 1358, 1361. Brigade, 
155, 170, 189, 291, 299. 

Heath, William, Brig, and maj. gen., 
Continental army, 2, 6, 15, 16, 23, 25, 
29, 37, 61, 66, 74, 75, 82, 134, 142, 
144, 154, 176, 184, 196, 203, 213, 221, 
223, 230, 238, 241, 246, 278, 294, 307, 
311, 313, 316, 340, 387, 396, 521, 571, 
599, 603, 634, 639, 669, 673, 718, 736, 
760, 828, 1021, 1040, 1073; 1075, 1076, 
1080, 1081, 1082, 1091, 1097, 1132, 
1176, 1177, 1203, 1232, 1236, 1237, 
1244, 1262, 1272, 1284, 1356, 1372, 
1376, 1396, 1420, 1422, 1429, 1452, 
1462, 1467, 1476, 1518, 1536, 1572, 
1573, 1578, 1601, 1606, 1636, 1642, 
1653, 1659, 1674, 1705, 1734, 1741, 
1744, 1767, 1768, 1773, 1774, 1777, 
1778. 1822, 1872, 1911, 1922, 1923, 
1926, 1943, 1945. 1948, 1955, 1956, 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

1065-1213 1383-1658 1879-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2620 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Heath, William Continued. 

1962, 1963, 1975, 1981, 1982, 1983, 
1988, 1989, 1992, 1994. 2006, 2008, 
2009, 2011, 2034, 2042, 2044, 2053, 
2071, 2074, 2075. 2078, 2079, 2083, 
2100, 2101, 2107, 2109, 2110, 2118, 
2125, 2129, 2131, 2153, 2159, 2160, 
2177, 2179, 2191, 2205. 2207, 2208, 
2232, 2234, 2255, 2320, 2396, 2398, 
2401, 2402, 2409; leave of absence, 
248, 1185. 1230, 1237, 1244, 1760," 
1765, 2058, 2072, 2080 2082, 20S5, 
2207; advances money to expresses, 
488 ; aides for, 688 ; ammunition for 
warded to, 727; answers to queries 
in tlie Huddy case, 2087; arrest, 
2148; authority, 1681, 2151; cen 
sured by Washington, 246, 520, 1712 ; 
charges against, 2074, 2148; com 
mand, 747, 1192, 1569, 1570, 1864, 
1925, 2151, 2345 ; commissioner to ne 
gotiate an exchange of prisoners. 
2244, 2245; complaints, 1653, 1753; 
confidence in Washington, 761; con 
duct, 745, 1712, 1756, 2026, 2033 ; and 
Convention troops, 447, 470, 524 ; cor 
respondence with Burgoyne, 530 ; dif 
ficulty with Phillips, 669, 673, 825; 
dispute with Hazen and Pickering, 
1713 ; dispute with McDougall, 2023, 
2029, 2072, 2074, 2084, 2085, 2204, 
2205, 2206 ; failure at Fort Independ 
ence, 242, 248 ; feeling against Gates, 
747 ; foraging expeditions, 1605, 1608. 
1610, 1612, 1617, 1624, 1938 ; garrison 
orders from, 1678, 1679, 1681 ; health, 
1192, 1814, 1845, 2085; his instruc 
tions to defend Verplancks and Stony 
Points, 1731 ; lack of courtesy, 2265 ; 
leaves the Highlands, 1263 ; memorial 
to, 133; mission to New England, 
1819, 1821, 1822, 1823, 1826, 1854; 
needs money, 288, 307, 338, 342, 535, 
581, 599, 606, 1009, 1361; opinion, 
134, 933 ; opinion in council of war, 
1098, 2108; opinion on magazines, 
and dependencies of West Point, 
2093 ; opinion on peace establishment 
of the army, 2370 ; orders from, 2027, 
2039, 2154; powers to negotiate an 
exchange, 2240 ; private affairs, 1760, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER.. _ 1-60 



Heath, William Continued. 

2085; reenforcements, 173; remon 
strance, 468 ; services appreciated by 
Washington, 2408; his situation, 
2332 ; summons Foot Independence to 
surrender, 237. Letters and orders 
from, 4, 77, 154, 173, 174, 175, 176, 
208, 211, 212, 215, 216, 217 220, 223, 
225, 226, 230, 232, 242, 247, 248, 273, 
277, 279, 2SS, 292, 297, 298, 299, 302. 
306, 310, 314, 317, 323, 326, 330, 334, 
338, 342, 344, 345, 347, 353, 360, 362, 
365, 367, 368, 375, 384, 387, 388, 395, 
401, 414, 434, 447, 483, 488, 495, 497, 
500, 506, 518, 520, 522, 524, 526, 530, 
542, 553, 559, 570, 581, 583, 593, 598, 
600, 609, 610, 624, 626, 627, 642, 645, 
651, 654, 657, 658, 662, 673, 674, 677, 
680, 685, 687, 695, 700, 703, 711, 715, 
720, 725, 729, 733, 735, 736, 741, 747, 
749, 761, 764, 768, 777, 789, 807, 815, 
819, 823, 825, 828, 830, 837, 842, 854, 
941, 955, 984, 1008, 1050, 1071, 1072, 
1074, 1076, 1078, 1079, 1080, 1082, 
1085, 1087, 1088, 1091, 1093, 1098 
1145, 1172, 1176, 1178, 1179, 1182, 
1209, 1211, 1216, 1220, 1227, 1228, 
1230, 1232, 1236, 1238, 1244, 1245, 
1249, 1250, 1256, 1257, 1266, 1288, 
1320, 1346, 1349, 1358, 1361, 1369 
1371, 1372, 1375, 1382, 1384, 1395, 
1396, 1402, 1412, 1418, 1420, 1425, 
1427, 1432, 1434, 1441, 1445, 1452, 
1453, 1464, 1467, 1468, 1474, 1481, 
1488, 1495, 1502, 1511, 1515, 1519, 
1523, 1530, 1539, 1548, 1555, 1572, 
1574, 1476, 1578, 1582, 1584, 1588, 
1591, 1593, 1594, 1595, 1596, 1600, 
1607, 1608, 1610, 1612, 1613, 1617, 
1618, 1623, 1625, 1626, 1627, 1628, 
1634, 1638, 1640, 1642, 1645, 1647, 
1652, 1654, 1655, 1659, * 1664, 1666, 
1669, 1672, 1674, 1676, 1677, 1681, 
1684, 1687, 1696, 1699, 1706, 1707, 
1710, 1711, 1712, 1714, 1717, 1719, 
1720. 1721, 1722. 1728, 1729, 1731. 
1739, 1740, 1741, 1743, 1749, 1756, 1757, 
1758, 1760, 1765, 1771, 1774, 1776, 1777, 
1778, 1779, 1781, 1782, 1783, 1784. 1790. 
1792, 1794, 1800, 1804, 1805, 1809, 1811, 
1813, 1814, 1815, 1816:1831, 1845, 1863, 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2621 



Heath, William Continued. 

1870, 1873. 1884, 1929, 1930, 1933, 
1938, 1940, 1942, 1945, 1947, 1948, 
1950, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1958, 1961, 
1963, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1984, 1988, 
1991, 1992, 1994, 2000, 2004, 2007, 
2009, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2019, 2021, 
2022, 2023, 2026, 2030, 2032, 2038, 
2042, 2043, 2044, 2046, 2047, 2048, 
2052, 2053, 2054, 2058, 2064, 2067, 
2068, 2069, 2072, 2074, 2075, 2077, 
2078, 2080, 2081, 2082, 2083, 2084, 
2085, 2087, 2090, 2091, 2093, 2097, 
2098, 2099, 2101, 2103, 2106, 2108, 
2109, 2110, 2111, 2112, 2113, 2115, 
2116, 2118, 2120, 2121, 2123, 2126, 
2127, 2128, 2129, 2131, 2135, 2136, 
2137, 2138, 2139, 2146, 2148, 2150, 
2151, 2152, 2153, 2155, 2158, 2159, 
2160, 2164, 2165, 2170, 2178, 2179, 
2181, 2182, 2183, 2184, 2185, 2186, 
2188, 2189, 2190, 2191, 2192, 2194, 
2195, 2199, 2200, 2202, 2203, 2204, 2205, 
2207, 2208, 2209, 2210, 2213, 2243, 2244, 
2245, 2263, 2267, 2284, 2301, 2307, 2312, 
2325, 2334, 2345, 2359, 2374, 2390, 2397, 
2399, 2401, 2402, 2403, 2406, 2408, 2409, 
Letters, instructions, and orders to, 
74, 84, 175, 176, 182, 206, 207, 208, 
210, 218, 219, 220, 221, 223, 225, 226, 
230, 232, 233, 236, 237, 239, 240, 242, 
245, 246, 247, 249, 271, 276, 280, 282, 
285, 288, 294, 301, 309, 313, 322, 326, 
332, 338, 343, 350, 352, 357, 365, 371, 
381, 389, 393, 394, 413, 414, 426, 432 
443, 459, 470, 487, 500, 501, 510, 522, 
533, 559, 565, 571, 584, 573, 594, 603, 
604, 606, 610, 615, 621, 629, 651, 652, 
655, 657, 660, 664, 686, 687, 693, 698, 
708, 710, 717, 729, 736, 738, 750, 751, 
757, 761, 763, 770, 774, 797, 799, 804, 
806, 808, 811, 812, 815, 816, 821, 829, 
835, 842, 955, 956, 984, 996, 1017, 
1020, 1031, 1060, 1064, 1066, 1075, 
1076, 1077, 1080, 1081, 1083, 1084, 
1085, 1086, 1087, 1088, 1089, 1092, 
1093, 1094, 1095, 1103, 1104, 1105, 
1107, 1108, 1109, 1113, 1115, 1118, 
1120, 1123, 1124, 1125, 1126, 1130, 
1131, 1132, 1133, 1137, 1140, 1141, 
1142, 1144, 1147, 1150, 1156, 1159, 

1779 1780 

Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 

1065-1213 1383-1658 





Heath, William Continued. 


933, 


1160, 1161, 1163, 1164, 1169, 1174, 


948, 


1176, 1179, 1183, 1186, 1187, 1189. 


961, 


1190, 1191, 1192, 1194, 1200, 1205, 


988, 


1212, 1221, 1223, 1231, 1234, 1237, 


007, 


1242, 1243, 1245, 1246, 1252, 1253, 


021, 


1255, 1258, 1265, 1280, 1310, 1330, 


038, 


1352, 1363, 1368, 1380, 1387, 1399. 


048, 


1418, 1421, 1426, 1432, 1462, 1465, 


067, 


1466, 1470, 1472, 1487, 1490, 1499, 


077, 


1508, 1520, 1535, 1549, 1553, 1569, 


084, 


1575, 1577, 1579, 1581, 1585, 1587, 


097, 


1589, 1597, 1598, 1601, 1602, 1603, 


108, 


1605, 1610, 1612, 1622, 1624, 1628, 


115, 


1632, 1635, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1644, 


126, 


1647, 1649, 1651, 1653, 1659, 1661, 


136, 


1662, 1667, 1669, 1672, 1674, 1675, 


150, 


1676, 1677, 1678, 1680, 1682, 1683, 


159, 


1684, 1685, 1686, 1688, 1690, 1691, 


179, 


1692, 1694, 1697, 1701, 1702, 1705 ; 


186, 


1706, 1707, 1708, 1709, 1711, 1714, 


194, 


1717, 1718, 1719, 1721, 1722, 1723, 1726, 


205, 


1730, 1736, 1737, 1741, 1744, 1745, 


244, 


1749, 1750, 1753, 1757, 1758, 1759, 


312, 


1762, 1764, 1775, 1776, 1779, 1780. 


397, 


1786, 1792, 1797, 1803, 1804, 1809, 


409, 


1814, 1815, 1819, 1821, 1854, 1859, 


; to, 


1860, 1864, 1887, 1910, 1917, 1925, 


208, 


1931, 1932, 1935, 1939, 1944, 1953, 


226, 


1954, 1959, 1964, 1967, 1969, 1975, 


242, 


1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1988, 1992, 1993. 


282, 


1995, 1997, 2001, 2004. 2005, 2006, 


326, 


2008, 2009, 2013, 2016, 2017, 2018, 


371, 


2020, 2023, 2027, 2028, 2029, 2041, 


432, 


2043, 2046. 2050, 2052, 2056, 2057. 


522, 


2067, 2068.2076, 2077, 2078, 2080, 2081, 


603, 


2082, 2083, 2084, 2085, 2086, 2088, 


652, 


2091, 2092, 2094, 2096, 2097, 2100, 


698, 


2101, 2103, 2107, 2108, 2110, 2111, 


751, 


2112, 2113, 2114, 2115, 2117, 2118, 


804, 


2119, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2125, 2128, 


829, 

m T 


2130, 2135, 2136, 2139, 2140, 2145, 


-U17, 

f\"7K 


2146, 2147, 2148, 2149, 2151, 2152, 


.U< O, 
f)QA 


2154, 2155, 2156, 2158, 2159, 2162, 


^VO^t, 

092, 


2164, 2165, 2166, 2170, 2171, 2178, 


L105, 


2179, 2180, 2182, 2183, 2185, 2188, 


1118, 


2189, 2191, 2200, 2204, 2206, 2208. 


L130, 


2209, 2212, 2214, 2240, 2243, 2294, 


L141, 


2300, 2313, 2319, 2332, 2333, 2345, 


L159, 


2353, 2390, 2395, 2396, 2401, 2402, 


1781 1782 1783 


Pages Pages Pages 


1658-1879 2014-2160 2312-2412 


1879-2014 2160-2312 2412-2460 



2622 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Heath, William Continued. 
2404, 2406, 2408. Drafts and copies 
by, 1573. Brigade, 47, 133, 1074. 

Heckewelder (Hacken welder), John 
Gottlieb Ernestus, Moravian mission 
ary to the Indians, 972, 1003, 1471; 
on the Indian situation, 1420 ; lacks 
confidence in the Wyandots, 994. 
Letters from, 915, 942, 949, 971, 993, 
1031, 1035, 1280, 1420, 1455, 1556, 
1736. 

Heer, Bartholomew von, Capt. ,4th Con 
tinental artillery; capt., Marechaus- 
see corps, 476, 749, 988, 1085, 167 5, 
2381; appeal to Pennsylvania, 1271; 
memorials, 1278, 2458; petition re 
jected, 988; plan of marechaussee 
corps, 471 ; services, 1278, 2447, 2458 ; 
his situation, 1278. Letters from, 
476, 754, 1007, 1085, 1309, 1314, 1339, 
1641, 1831. 1843, 1904, 2130, 2458. 
Letters and instructions to, 696, 787, 
921, 974, 1019, 1043, 1045, 1116, 1122, 
1191, 1327, 1501, 1635, 1760, 1833, 
1848, 1892, 2058, 2176, 2212, 2241, 
2261. Corps, 698, 1007, 1019, 1045, 
1085, 1278, 1291, 1314, 1339, 1439, 
1619, 1760, 1831, 1838, 1843, 1848, 
1892, 1904, 2058, 2130, 2212, 2241, 
2261; returns, 1339, 1635, 1641 ; value 
of, 1848. See also Marchauss6e 
corps. 

Heinn, John, Letter from, 385. 

Heister, Daniel, jr., of Pennsylvania, 
573, 600, 603, 604, 610. 

Heister, Leopold Philipp von, Lt. gen. 
and commander in chief, Hessian 
troops in America, 394. Letter from, 
313. Letter to, 316. 

Hell Gate (East River, New York), 
1421 ; British frigate lost in, 1624 ; 
depth of water, 974, 1658; naviga 
tion, 1147 ; pilots, 1658. 

Helm, Thomas, Lt., 3d Virginia regi 
ment, Memorial of. 410. 

Helms, William, Capt., 2d New Jersey 
regiment, Letters from, 1383, 1434. 
Letter to, 1388. 

Hempstead (Long Island), 1606, 2293. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Henderson, Gustavus, see Rose, John, 

Henderson, John, Cornet, J^th Conti 
nental dragoons, 543. 

Henderson, John. Capt., 3d Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1104. Letter from, 
1093. 

Henderson, Thomas, Lt. col., Forman s 
Additional Continental regiment, 
Letter from, 429. 

Heiidricks, George, of Kentucky, 942. 

Hendricks. James, Lt. col., 6th; col., 
1st Virginia regiments, resignation, 
290, 581, 583, 586. Letters from, 
286, 289, 580. Letters to, 409, 1949. 
Regiment, 290. 

Hendricks, James, Capt.? Independent 
company of Fairfax, Virginia, Letter 
from, 2. 

Hendricks, James, Col., deputy quar 
termaster general, Letters to, 1947, 
1952. 

Hendricks, John, American spy, at 
times corresponded, under alias of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Vanderhovan, 1584; 
brother, 683 ; compensation due, 683 ; 
intelligence through, 1429; knowl 
edge, 1595 ; meeting with Littel D., 
1584, 1586; risks, 1592; services of, 
683. Letters from, 1574, 1646. Let 
ters to, 1385, 1398, 1412, 1421, 1511, 
1514, 1546, 1550, 1565, 1569, 1573, 
1582, 1586, 1592, 1596. 

Hendricks, Capt. Solomon, Stockbridge 
Indian chief, 1067. 

Henley, David, Col., Additional Conti 
nental regiment, arrested, 524; 
charges against, 523; conflict of au 
thority with Gist, 836 ; efforts to ob 
tain intelligence, 855. Letters from, 
849, 850, 855, 862. Letters to, 233, 
322, 853, 857, 866, 868. Regiment, 
233, 282, 311, 322, 395, 731, 742, 747, 
831, 842, 852, 856, 857, 868. 

Henle y, Samuel, Capt., l^ih Massachu 
setts regiment, 2090. 

Henry, John, 334. 

Henry, Patrick, Governor of Virginia, 
539; orders, 414. Letter from, 409. 

Henry, Samuel, of Bucks county, Pcnn* 
sylvania, 615. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages 1 ages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2623 



Henry, William, Supt. of armory, Lan 
caster f, Pennsylvania, Letter to, 
615. 

Henry, , Sergt., Conductor, Spring- 
field arsenal, 1080. 

HENRY & ESTHER, prize brig, 73. 

Henshaw, William, Col., Massachusetts 
militia; It. col., 12th Continental in 
fantry, recommended to Washing 
ton, 9. Letter from, 141. 

Herbert, William, New Jersey loyal 
ist, 2144, 215S. 

Herd, John, American spy, 1586. 

Herd, Nathaniel, See Heard. 

Herkimer, Nicholas, Brig. Gen., New 
York militia, victory, 406. Letter 
from, 367. Letter to, 364. 

HERMIONE, French frigate, 1361, 1387; 
encounter with the Iris, 1359. 

Heron, William, American spy, 1489, 
1496, 2075. 

Herring, Abraham, Letter to, 1539. 

Herring, Cornelius, New Jersey con 
tractor for Bergen county ; Letter to, 
1560. 

Herring, see Fish. 

Hessians, see German allied troops. 

HESTER, Hudson River armed vessel, 
156. 

Hetfleld, see Hatfield. 

Heth, Henry, Capt., Virginia Inde 
pendent company and 1st Virginia 
state regiment, 1733 ; company, 
978. 

Heth, William, Col., 3d Virginia regi 
ment, 1122. 

Heustis, Philip, 941, 1061. 

Hewit, Randall, New York loyalist, 
1861. 

Heydel, Charles, Sergt., Anhalt regi 
ment, elector of Saxony s service, 
Letter from, 2057. 

Hey ward, Lemuel, Surgeon, Continen 
tal hospital, 54. 

Hey wood, Benjamin, Capt., 6th Massa 
chusetts regiment, 2012, 2341. 

H. I., American spy, intelligence from, 
2225. 

Hibernia Furnace (New Jersey), 271. 

Hickey, Thomas, Private, Command er- 
in-chiefs Guard, 133, 134, 135. 



Hicks, Benjamin, Capt., 1st New York 
regiment, Letter to, 1851. 

Hicks, Edward, American spy, 947, 959, 
966, 967. 

Hide Department, 1215, 1216, 1566. 

Hides, 468, 506, 518, 532, 537, 554, 709, 
1209, 1229, 1471, 1644, 1651, 1712, 
1956; application for, 1756; claim 
to, 1274; court of inquiry on, 1256; 
curing of, 965; exchanged, 977; ex 
changed for boats, 964; exchanged 
for leather, 493, 509, 510 ; exchanged 
for shoes, 560, 960, 1162; issue of, 
965; needed, 1648; order for, 1789; 
payment for, 1272; raw, 1260; re 
turns, 700 ; speculations in, 1290. 

Hides, Commissary of; see Commis 
sary of hides; also Silvester, . 

Higby, Thomas, Sergt., J t th New York 
regiment, recommended to Washing 
ton, 1317. 

Higday, George, 1062, 1068. 

Higgeribottom, David, Corporal, 31st 
Foot, British army, 1839, 1840, 1842, 
1846. 

Higgins, William, Private, Hamilton s 
artillery, 189. 

Highlanders (Scotch regiments), 789; 
movements, 152, 479, 753; mutiny, 
896. 

Highlanders (settlers at and near 
Johnstown, N. Y.), 106, 107, 109, 
111, 115 ; capture of, 122, 130. 

Highlands (of the Hudson river, 
New York), 370, 576, 747, 915, 1040, 
1253, 1263, 1299, 1327, 1339, 1346, 
1389, 2020 ; adjutant general in, 351, 
1443, 1506, 1507, 1509; affairs in, 
132; artillery for, 855, 863, 1013, 
1016, 1017, 1110, 1114 ; letter to brig 
adiers in, 1332 ; British designs and 
moves against, 281, 296, 314, 378, 382, 
433, 644, 765, 1025, 1027, 1043, 1051, 
1078, 1364, 1367, 1369, 1504, 1991; 
channel depth through. 111 ; clove 
in, 1047; command in, 258, 577, 588, 
756, 827, 864, 872, 1836 ; circular let 
ter to commanders of posts in, 949; 
commissioners, see under New York 
(State) ; defense, protection, etfc., 
146. 203, 301, 315, 321, 324, 386, 389, 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

1065-1213 1383-1658 1879-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2624 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Highlands Coiitinued. 

423, 453, 527, 730, 753, 766, 885, 985, 
1028, 1036, 1049, 1081, 1364, 1499, 
1504, 1506, 1547, 1947; department, 
502, 1942; fire in, 1220, 1227; flour 
for, 1806 ; forage magazine, 2032 ; 

fortifications, 73, 110, 118, 121, 
122, 125, 131, 182, 206, 267, 272, 
296, 308, 311, 314, 484, 501, 507, 
535, 551, 558, 568, 599, 614, 708, 
765, 842, 950, 981, 1044, 1057, 1263, 
1266, 1270, 1276, 1305, 1350, 1369, 
1382, 1385, 1436 ; redoubts in, 1506, 
2075; east redoubts, 1473; north 
redoubts, 1220, 1227, 1244, 1473 ; 
garrisons in, 98, 341, 1277, 1297, 1305, 
1364; headquarters in, 864, 1462, 
1501; importance of, 295, 320, 350, 
353, 385, 501, 750, 771, 780; list of 
patriotic inhabitants in, 1454; in 
spector, 1506, 1507 ; magazine in, 324, 
2032, 2129; major general needed, 
311; map, 1057; militia for defense, 
182, 379, 392, 395, 1332, 1367, 1415; 
passes, 144, 205, 206, 207, 209, 210, 
214, 226, 308, 368, 440, 754, 766; pa 
trol of country near, 13S8; posts, 
1948, 2032; reenforcement, 92, 182, 
281, 293, 395, 436, 632, 665, 993, 1028 ; 
reenforcements from, 341 ; roads, 209 ; 
situation in, 1266, 1334 ; supplies and 
provisions, 311, 546, 1270, 1295, 1332, 
1334, 1335, 1340, 1364. 1366, 1382, 
1463, 1504, 1506, 1508, 1523. 1549, 
2075, 2129; troops in, 206, 272, 355, 
385, 431, 461, 501, 542, 546, 558, 585, 
656, 708, 876, 1000, 1001, 1012, 1087, 
1272, 1281. 1295, 1303, 1332, 1363, 
1367, 1369, 1391, 1942. See also 
West Point. 

Hightstown (New Jersey), 667. 
Highwaymen, 512, 2247. 
Highways, see Roads. 
Hill, Jeremiah, Capt., 1st Massachu 
setts regiment, Letter to, 426. 

Hill, John, Lt. col., 9th Foot, British 
army, 1867. 

Hill, Thomas, Lt., 29th Foot, British 
army, memorial, 1168. Letter from, 
1587. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-60 



Hillegas, Henrietta, wife of Michael 
Hillcgas, Letter from, 1740. Letter 
to, 1715. 

Hillmau, Josiah, Lt. col., New Jersey 
militia, Letter to, 637. 

Hillsboro (Hillsborough), North Caro 
lina), 1554. 

Hilltown township (Pennsylvania), 
430. 

Hindman, James, 1621. 

Hinds (Hynds), John, Fifer, 1st Vir 
ginia regiment, 1876, 1999. 

Hinrunn, Edward, Magistrate of Litch- 
field county, Connecticut, Letter 
from, 967. Letter to, 164. 

Hinquapooshees (The Big Cat), Dela 
ware India n chief, 1014 ; speech, 
1003, 1026, 1030. Letter from, 1037. 

Hispaniola, see San Domingo. 

Hitchborn, , 44. 

Hitchcock, Daniel, Col., Rhode Island 
regiment; llth Continental infantry 
and 2d Rhode Island, 25, 36, 154, 200, 
206. Letters from, 24, 174. Regi 
ment, 170, 174. 

Hivell (Hi well), John, Lt., 3d Conti 
nental artillery, Orders to, 2106. 

Hoakesley (Hoakesly, Hoaksley), 
Robert, wagonmaster general, Con 
vention troops; merchant at York- 
town, Va., 1396, 1419, 1993; claim, 
2350, 2411; memorial, 2344, 2348, 
2410. Letters from, 2205, 2219, 2308, 
2344. Letter to, 2350. 

Hobart, John Sloss, Judge, 2001, 2018, 
2075, 2100, 2108, 2110, 2114, 2127, 
2134, 2160, 2168; referee in contract 
dispute, 2164. Letter to, 2166. 

Hobart, Samuel, Paymaster, New 
Hampshire troops, 72. 

Hobby, Jonathan, Capt., 3d Massachu 
setts regiment, claim to negro, 2331, 
2332, 2334, 2336. Letter from, 2334. 

Hobkirk s Hill (South Carolina), bat 
tle of, killed, wounded, etc., 1801, 
1803 ; Greene s defeat at, 1848. 

Hoboken (New Jersey), 929, 931. 

Hockhocking (Ohio), fort at, 942, 949. 

Hockhocking River (Ohio), 942. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 075-894 



INDEX 



2625 



Hodgdon, Alexander, Member, Boston 
committee for raising troops, 2140. 
2201. 

Hodgdon (Hodgson), Samuel, Quarter 
master for Maryland, 2325. Letters 
from, 2456, 2457. 

Hodge, John (Joseph), British spy, 
1073, 1076. 

Hodgson Samuel, see Hodgdon. 

Hoff ( Holt ) , Charles, Owner, Hibernia 
furnace, New Jersey, Letter to, 271. 

Hoff, Christopher, jr. Letter from, 278. 

Hogg, Thomas, Maj., 3d North Caro 
lina regiment, 741. 

Hogs, 2037. 

Hogsheads, 1477, 1481. 

Hogun (Hogan), James, Col., 7th and 
3d North Carolina regiments; brig, 
gen., Continental army, 399. Letter 
from, 965. Letters and instructions 
to, 728, 923, 969, 1144, 1185, 1256. 
Regiment, 728. 

Hoisington, Joab, Maj., Cumberland 
county, New York militia, Letter 
from, 195. 

Hoit, Benjamin, 647. 

Holden, John, Lt., 6th Massachusetts 
regiment, Orders for, 1919. 

Holden, Thomas, Capt., Varnum s Rhode 
Island regiment; brig, gen., Rhode 
Island militia, 59. 

Holdridge, Hezekiah, Lt. col., 7th Con 
necticut regiment, 943. 

Holker, Jean, Agent general, royal ma 
rine and consul general of France in 
America, conference with Washing 
ton, 835; letter to French and In 
dians, 1021; plan to obtain intelli 
gence, 862; secret matter to com 
municate to Washington, 815. Let 
ters from, 835, 936, 1052. Letters to, 
944, 1055, 1112. 

Holland (States General), 1838, 2051, 
2141; British cessation of hostilities 
with, 2368; commerce with America. 
2421; friendship for America, 2421; 
friendship of America, 2381 ; herring 
trade, 2278 ; rumors from, 1379 ; linen 
from, 2241 ; negotiations with, 2163; 
powder from, 80 ; peace reports from, 
2227 ; restrictions on importation of 



Holland (States General) Continued, 
military stores to the United States, 
986; services in establishing Amer 
ica s independence, 2421 ; treaty with, 
2314 ; treaty with France, 2095 ; treaty 
with Russia, 1379; war with Great 
Britain, 1751, 17 53, 1759. 

Holland s Ferry, see Rowland s Ferry. 

Hollingshead, John, Maj., 2d and 3d 
New Jersey regiments, 1386, 1387; 
resignation, 2020, 2026. 

Hollingsworth, Henry, Col. and Supt. 
of flour magazines, Lancaster and 
Chester counties, northern parts of 
western shore Maryland, and eastern 
shore of Maryland and Delaware; 
deputy foragemaster general; deputy 
quartermaster general, 634, 1430. 
Letters from, 551, 1945. Letters to, 
430, 548, 554, 1014, 1429, 1936. 

Hollingsworth, Levi, Deputy quarter 
master general?, Letter from, 410. 

Hollister, John, Letter from, 1852. 

Holly, Rachel, of Connecticut, 2153. 

Holman, Jonathan, Col., Massachusetts 
militia, 198, 199. 

Holmer, Christian, Maj., 1st Conti 
nental artillery, 946. Letter from, 
2298. Letter to, 2314. 

Holmes, Asher, Col., Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, militia, 2090, 2095. 

Holmes, Silas, Surgeon s mate, 17th 
Continental infantry, memorial, 134. 

Holsters, see Pistols. 

Holt, . , see Hoff, Charles. 

Holtzendorff, Baron de, Letter from, 
398. Letter to, 399. 

Homans, John, Surgeon, Woodbridge s 
Massachusetts regiment and 2d Con 
tinental dragoons, 49. Letters from, 
32, 901. 

Honeyman, William, Lt., Invalid regi 
ment, 2443. Letter from, 2450. 

Honeywell, Israel, Capt., Westchester 
county, New York, militia, 2021, 
2053. Letter from, 1895. 

Honor, badges of, 2446. 

Hood, Samuel, Rear adml., British 
navy, defeated by D Estaing, 1722, 
1733; defeated by de Grace, 1846; 
engagement with de Grasse, 1946, 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1005 1213-1382 1658-1879 

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1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2626 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Hood, Samuel Continued. 

2044; fleet, 2205, 2220; intelligence 
of, 1737; movements, 1938, 1945, 
2224 ; troops brought by, 1943. 

Hood s (on the James river, Virginia), 
skirmish at, 1670, 1674. 

Hoogland, Jeronimus, Capt., 2d Conti 
nental dragoons and Lee s Partisan 
corps, 1141, 1315, 1501; court-mar 
tial, 1324, 1325. Letter from, 1530. 

Hooker, Zibeon (Gideon), Lt., 5th 
Massachusetts regiment, 1856, 1015. 
Letter from, 963. 

Hooper (Hooker), Horace, of Windsor, 
Connecticut, Letters to, 1061, 1732. 

Hooper (Hooker), James, of Windsor, 
Connecticut, Letters to, 1061, 1732, 

Hooper, Robert Lettis ; same as Robert 
Lettis Hooper, jr. 

Hooper, Robert Lettis, jr., Col. and 
deputy quartermaster general, 620, 
622, 063, 929, 2286; actions, 498; 
case against, 1103; trial of, 1196. 
Letters from, 624, 1308. Letters to. 
547, 620, 621, 1152, 1189, 1217. 

Hoops, Robert, Maj., deputy commis 
sary general of issues, 362. 

HOPE, British store-ship, 13, 39, 109, 
150. 

Hopewell (New Jersey), 665. 

Hopkins, David, Capt., 4th; maj., 1st 
Continental dragoons, 542, 1103; in 
telligence from, 1087; rank, 1231, 
2123, 2217, 2233; thanked by Carle- 
ton, 2372. Letters from, 408, 1085, 
1087, 1088, 1214, 2217. Letters to, 
516, 686, 912, 2233. 

Hopkins, Elisha, Capt., 3d Connecticut 
regiment, 2111. 

Hopkins, Ezek., Commodore and com 
mander in chief, Continental navy, 
79, 91. Letters from, 105. 111. Let 
ters to, 92, 95, 98. 

Hopkins, John Burroughs, Lt., Conti 
nental navy, 398. 

Hopkins, Mark, Col., Berkshire Massa 
chusetts militia, Letter from, 64. 

Hopkins, Roswell, Col., New York, mi 
litia, Letter from, 690. Letter to, 
690. 



| Hopkinson, Francis, Letter from, 533. 

Letter to, 586. 
Hopocan, see Captain Pipe. 
Hopping, Ephraim, 1884. 
Horse, see Cavalry. 
Horsemen, to forward intelligence, 

1936. 

Horseneck (Connecticut), 1457, 1458, 
1459-1460 ; British barbarity at, 1343 ; 
British losses at, 931, 938; British 
movement toward, 1078; British 
raid, 952 ; militia at, 1105, 1117 ; mi 
litia surprised at, 1343; skirmish, 
931; troops at, 856. 

Horses, 245, 248, 263. 348, 392, 396, 
423, 428, 477, 500, 550, 572, 583, 642, 
676, 701, 734. 742, 881, 915, 947, 978, 
1174, 1299, 1340, 1353, 1354, 1365, 
1388, 1443, 1463, 1464, 1468, 1469. 
1473, 1474, 1475, 1481, 1483, 1617, 
1623, 1624, 1693. 1869, 1898, 1928, 
1929, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1954, 1976, 
1990; abused, 755; advantage of 
oxen over, 1477; for artillery, 344, 
518, 1085, 1359, 1402, 1689, 1892, 
2038. 2179; available, 1892; brand 
ing, 550, 551; 

British, 372, 405 ; captured, 1973, 
2017, 2025; collected, 344, 640, 
1324, 1343, 1846 ; destroyed, 1957 ; 
dismissed, 2126; disposal of, 1974; 
epidemic among, 812; left on 
Staten Island, 816 ; of paroled offi 
cers, 2131 ; ordered restored, 2363 ; 
purchased for enemy, 544; seiz 
ures, 279, 1035 ; of sergeants, 583 ; 
sold, 2126, 2135; from Tarletons 
corps, 1974; vessels fitted out for, 
1283; 

at camp, 714, 715, 1327, 1568; cap 
tured, 289, 505, 578, 816; care of, 
883, 1193; carriage, 1458; cavalry, 
248, 263, 509, 525, 526, 530, 535, 
538, 541, 544, 554, 557, 564, 565, 
567. 568, 584, 587, 592, 600, 601, 
606, 614, 625, 633, 638, 641, 698, 
753, 764, 1033, 1050, 1091, 1098, 
1211. 1259, 1344, 1523, 1526, 1527, 
1531, 1542. 1612, 1639, 1640, 1663, 
1690, 1698. 1707, 1755. 1787, 1841, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2627 



Horses Continued. 

1847, 1850, 1860, 1872, 1885, 1899, 
1952, 1978, 19SG, 2000, 2015, 2025, 
2037, 2136, 2186, 2308, 2377 ; cavalry 
ruined by being used as expresses, 
2186; claimed, 2394, 2397; collection 
of, 435, 552, 563, 574, 694, 1424, 1528, 
1529, 2243; condemned, 753; condi 
tion or state of, 584, 625, 1050, 1091, 
1259, 1327, 1344, 1357-1358, 1513, 
1523, 1848, 2052, 2170; confiscated, 
1417; disabled, 1527; disease among, 
1305; disposal of, 2440; for engi 
neers, 561; equipment or furniture, 
569; estimate, 2038; exchange of, 
878; for express service, 2147, 2148, 
2186; forage for, 1507, 1528, 1533, 
1952; forwarding, 618, 628, 670, 683, 
687, 2052; for French army, 1341, 
2027, 2030, 2034, 2126; grain for, 
820, 1513; impress of, 438, 446, 553. 
554, 676, 933, 1689, 1890, 1898, 1899, 
1935, 1945, 2094; for Indian expedi 
tion, 930; inspection of, 2015, 2308; 
killed in action, 747; killed and 
wounded, 2158 ; lost, 1899 ; for mare- 
chaussee corps, 749; needed, 256, 
322, 346, 487, 527, 983, 1009, 1320. 
1458, 1639, 1843, 1871, 1904, 1919, 
1951, 1993, 2000, 2025, 2046, 2136, 
2151, 2249; number reduced, 1623, 
2268; obtaining, 655, 742, 1692, 
1860, 2042; officers , 453, 765, 1075; 
orders, 1497, 1912, 2268; pack, 517, 
987, 1073; pasturage, 1394. 1395, 
1792; payment for, 2243; public, 
1759; public in private hands, 259; 
public retained by farmers, 1351, 
1357, 1358; prices, 268, 583, 628, 
648 ; purchase of, 240, 250, 268, 273, 
274, 523, 529, 553, 564, 565, 567, 587, 
592, 595, 606, 607, 609, 611, 616, 
628, 629, 641, 648, 670, 677, 683, 687, 
701, 753, 765, 984, 1103, 1196. 1358, 
1488, 1640, 1707. 1774, 1885, 1898; 
remounts, 1698, 1816, 1902 ; removed, 
245, 249, 1192, 1361, 1422, 1616, 1903 ; 
returns, 565, 641, 900, 1063, 1714, 
2027, 2030, 2034, 2126, 2173 ; sale of, 
844, 846, 1211, 1463, 2010, 2275, 2299. 
2377; seizure, 501, 550. 577, 578, 



Horses Continued. 

772, 1278, 1361, 1438, 2051 ; sent into 
the enemy, 2094; use by staff offi 
cers, 2038 ; starvation of, 1293, 1297 ; 
stolen, 1364, 1884, 2398 ; suffering of, 
566; superfluous, 1624; supplies for, 
999 ; surrendered at Yorktown, 1985 ; 
training of, 538; unnecessary, 999; 
useless and unfit, 398, 401, 629, 1007 ; 
valuation dispute, 765; wagon, 987, 
1047, 2189; for wagonmaster s de 
partment, 506; 

for Washington, 256, 274, 301, 
707, 710, 878, 1218, 2418 ; geldings, 
859, 938, 939 ; injured, 1445 ; mare, 
1237; 

for Washington and staff, 1951; 
weak, 563, 1865 ; worn out, 538, 765, 
869, 2299; yard, 2038. See also 
Teams-. 

Horseshoes, 9, 765, 1512, 1513, 2186. 

Horse thieves, 1473. 

Hortalez, Rodrique, see Beaumarchais. 

Horton, Daniel, Magistrate, Westches- 
ter county, New York, his horse, 
1463, 1469, 1473, 1483. Letter to, 
1483. 

Horton, Jotham, Capt., 3d Continental 
artillery, 716. Letter from, 939. 

Hose, see Stockings. 

Hoskins, William, Asst. paymaster gen 
eral, Continental army, 137. 

Hosmer, , of Hartford?, Connect 
icut, 1439. 

Hospital, Continental, 54, 107, 263, 267, 
278, 498, 536, 622, 671, 881, 1098, 
1241, 1317; accommodations, 1758; 
account current, 88; administration, 
898; arms and accoutrements in, 
539; arrangement plan, 1245; ar 
rangements, 555, 2034, 2271 ; articles 
for, 1988 ; assistant director general, 
see Craik, James; assistants, 153; 
beef and sheep for, 1530; blankets 
needed, 1957, 1975; breaking up of, 
277, 2048 ; 

British, 538; inspected, 2151; 
officer to convey medicines to 
British prisoners, 2196; regi 
mental, 1991; removed to Freder- 
icksburg, 1980 ; snip burned, 1263 ; 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pases 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1870 

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1782 1783 

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2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2112-2460 



2628 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Hospital, Continental Continued, 
burned, 2010, 2018; at Cambridge, 
898; removed from camp, 731; in 
Canada, 104 ; cattle for, 1441 ; chap 
lain duties, 2334; cleanliness, 2034; 
clothing, 459, 539, 882, 905, 909, 1975 ; 
complaints, 15, 16; concentration of, 
599; condition of, 549, 778; contin 
uance of, 2453; cows for, 1539; 
deaths, 539, 559 ; 

department, 490, 2015; contro 
versy and difficulty, 1591, 2048; 
criticism of, 1260; discipline, 525; 
establishment, 454 ; issues to, 
2221 ; officers, 23S4 ; list of officers, 
104 ; succession of officers in, 1910, 
1911 ; state of, 1384 ; 
desertions from, 1339 ; director-gen 
eral, 316, see also Morgan, John, also 
Shippen, William, jr. ; discipline, 
539, 2034; discontinuance of, 2150; 
distress, 153, 157, 558, 1695, 1771, 
1998 ; districts, 240 ; Eastern depart 
ment, 238, 1033, 1254; establishment 
of, 202, 237, 240, 548, 1245 ; exposure 
of, 488; field, 2188; firewood for, 
2269, 2271, 2272; at Fort George, 
153 ; forwarding men from, 1365 ; 
flying, 244, 695, 1439, 1528 ; orders to 
director of flying hospital, 1046 ; 

French, 1341, 1380, 1976; agent, 
1380; arrangements, 1950; estab 
lished, 1341, 1369; defenses for, 
1388; excellence of, 1489; flying, 
1294; at Providence. 1360; provi 
sions for, 1360 ; Rhode Island col 
lege for, 1370, 1375, 1380, 1388- 
1389; Rhode Island governor and 
council cooperate in establishing, 
1369; 

general, 94; guards, 549, 558; at 
Hampton, 1959; inefficiency, 898; in 
spection, 538, -592; inspectors, 558; 
instructions, 539, 560; instruments, 
159 ; invalids at, 498, 622 ; investiga 
tion of, 592, 2016; issues, 1440; loca 
tion, 1929; management, 1033, 1715; 
measures, 592; medical supplies, see 
Supplies; Middle department, 316; 
near Morristown, 1695; needed, 548; 
needs, 1711, 2188; at Newark, 185; 



Hospital, Continental Continued, 
at New York, 90, 898; officers, 104. 
240, 514, 526, 538, 539, 591, 592, 1254, 
1573, 1581, 1596, 1910, 1911, 2448; 
letter from, 1596 ; letter to command 
ing officer, 592; in Orange county, 
185; orders to director, 1046; pa 
tients. 538; at Philadelphia, 237, 
266 ; at Princeton, 498 ; prisoners in. 
578, 1989, 1991, 2036, 2044; protec 
tion of, 485; at Providence. 1360; 
provision contract, 2018; provisions, 
1998; purveyor to settle accounts, 
2034; at Robinson s house, 705; re 
coveries, 539; regimental, 155, 1306; 
regulations, 159, 1599 ; rice, 1975 ; re 
port, 1341; return, 560, 1309, 1347, 
1383, 1384, 1591 ; Rochambeau s kind 
ness to. 1998 ; at Roxbury, 54 ; salt 
provisions imposed upon, 1530, 2397 ; 
sick and wounded in, 590, 873, 891, 
1332, 1445, 1695 ; state of, 1280, 1384, 
1975, 2460; stores, see Stores, hos 
pital ; strife in, 1245 ; superintend 
ence, 2190 ; superintendent, 244 ; sup 
ply magazine, 2231 ; supplies, see 
Supplies, hospital ; surgeon, 831 ; sur 
geons dispute with regimental sur 
geons, 898; system, 558; tents, 2119; 
at Trenton. 498; troops in, 901. 2251; 
Washington s letter to Congress on, 
1598; at Williamsburg, 2248; wine 
needed, 1975. 

Hostages, 2095, 2098; Cedars, 563; In 
dian, 930. 

Hostilities, cessation of, 966. 1587, 
2297, 2363. 2368, 2371. 2375, 2377; 
cessation agreement. 1583, 1584. 
1613; cessation between Great Brit 
ain and Holland. 2368; British ces 
sation of. 2106, 2224, 2229, 2386; 
cessation violated by Americans, 
2341. 

Hotham. William, Commodore and 
commander-in-chicf. British naval 
force in Neic York, Letter from, 388. 

Houdin, Michael Gabriel, Capt., 2d 
Massachusetts regiment, Letter from, 
2450. 

Hounam, James, Continental store 
keeper, 107, 116. 



1775 1776 

Pages Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 60-137 

JULY-DECEMBER... _ 1-60 137-229 



1777 1778 

Pages I ages 

229-354 515-675 

354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2629 



Houses, destroyed, 1872; troops quar 
tered in, 1218. 

Houston, Thomas, Capt., Pennsylvania 
navy, 471. 

Houston, William ; see Huston. 

Hovenbargh, Rodolph, Lt., J^th New 
York regiment, Letter from, 834. 

Howard, John Eager, Maj., 4th; It. 
col., 5th and 2d Maryland regiments, 
court-martial, 1260. Letter from, 
524. Letters to, 1011, 1024. 

Howard, , Instructions to, 1896. 

Howe, Bezaleel, Lt., 1st New Hamp 
shire regiment, Instructions to, 2449. 

Howe, Jonathan, Letter from, 2203. 

Howe, Richard, Viscount, Rear adml., 
commanding British fleet in North 
America, 412, 555; leaves for Eng 
land, 764, 767; reported understand 
ing with Washington, 173, 174. Let 
ters from, 129, 171, 174, 183, 236. 
Letters to, 168, 172, 182, 234. Fleet, 
716, 739. 

Howe, Robert, Brig, and may. gen., Con 
tinental army, 102, 890, 1033, 1034, 
1084, 1097, 1146, 1150, 1262, 1269, 
1277, 1292, 1295, 1297, 1307, 1321, 
1323, 1336, 1363, 1365, 1419, 1424, 
1510, 1690, 1697, 1817, 1851, 18 56, 
1858, 1863, 1864, 1911, 1922, 1923, 
2087, 2295, 2302, 2324, 2356, 2432; 
absence, 2263, 2264, 2265; leave of 
absence, 2337, 2347; action in court- 
martial case, 1271 ; answers to queries 
in Huddy case, 2087 ; applies for 
place in the peace establishment of 
the army, 2427, 2431; on Arnold s 
treachery, 1550; artillery, 1086; at 
tempt on Verplanck s Point, 1081, 
1083, 1087; authority, 1324; charges 
against, 1962; his command, 1101, 
1616, 1817 ; conduct approved by Con 
gress, 2436; conference with Con 
gress, 2412; court-martial of, 2003, 
2004; delay, 1085, 1248; detachment 
against mutineers, 1674, 1675, 1679, 
1683, 1685, 1693, 1697, 2410, 2411, 
2412, 2413, 2414, 2415 ; efforts toward 
discipline, 1270; expedition, 1110; 
feeling for Washington, 1321 ; health, 
1060 ; inquiry into his conduct, 1951, 



Howe, Robert Continued. 

1954, 1963, 1980, 1994, 2055 ; manage 
ment of the mutiny, 2412, 2413, 2416, 
2429, 2432; movements, 1100, 1124^ 
1130, 1132, 1133, 1147, 1164, 1248, 
1254, 1272, 1298, 1421, 1623, 1693, 
1695, 1697, 1719, 1791, 2410, 2411, 
2412, 2414, 2415, 2433; observations 
on defense of Georgia, 183 ; observa 
tion on a secret service matter, 1269 ; 
opinion on allowing British fishing 
parties, 2182; opinion on magazines 
and dependencies of West Point, 
2093 ; opinion on the situation, 1510 ; 
opinion in council of officers, 2110; 
opinion in council of war, 1098, 1519, 
1589, 1594 ; plan to obtain provisions, 
1340 ; position, 1125, 1131, 1133, 1161, 
1358; private affairs, 2032, 2347, 
2444; proceeded against for public 
debt, 2444; promotion, 525; rank, 
455 ; reenforcement, 1694 ; report on 
mutiny, 1695, 2431; retreats, 898, 
1086, 1087; his spies, 1211, 1436, 
1455, 1459, 1461, 1550; stops cattle, 
1312, 1315, 1318, 1321, 1322; thanked 
by Congress, 2440. Letters from, 183, 
190, 216, 218, 317, 455, 456, 891, 991, 
1083, 1085, 1086, 1087, 1098, 1106, 
1119, 1171, 1175, 1202, 1211, 1248, 
1254, 1263, 1266, 1270, 1276, 1281, 
1286, 1289, 1297, 1298, 1299, 1305, 
1306, 1312, 1318, 1321, 1324, 1327, 
1328, 1329, 1332, 1334, 1335, 1339, 
1340, 1342, 1343, 1349, 1350, 1356, 
1358, 1360, 1364, 1366, 1367, 1369, 
1374, 1378, 1379, 1382, 1385, 1391, 
1397, 1415, 1416, 1420, 1424, 1425, 
1430, 1432, 1437, 1443, 1461, 1471, 
1484, 1490, 1505, 1516, 1519, 1541, 
1550, 1564, 1594, 1682, 1683, 1693, 
1695, 1697, 1698, 1719, 1720, 1781, 
1791, 1835, 1852, 1853, 1857, 1858, 
1863, 1865, 1867, 1868, 1933, 1951, 
1962, 2032, 2098, 2110, 2182, 2265, 
2337, 2347, 2411, 2412, 2413, 2414, 
2415, 2420, 2427, 2430, 2431, 2434, 
2436, 2440, 2444. Letters, instruc 
tions, and orders to, 274, 357, 525, 
1008, 1060, 1081, 1083, 1100, 1103, 
1105, 1106, 1107, 1110, 1113, 1114, 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Howe, Robert Continued. 

1115, 1117, 1119, 1124, 1125, 1128. 
1130, 1134, 1135, 1136, 1137, 1138, 
1140, 1147, 1149, 1150, 1155, 1156, 
1157, 1160, 1161, 1164, 1170, 1186, 
1200, 1211, 1246, 1266, 1269, 1272, 
1274, 1281, 1291, 1295, 1307, 1318, 
1323, 1325, 1327, 1329, 1330, 1332, 
1342, 1344, 1345, 1348, 1351, 1353. 
1355, 1357, 1362, 1363, 1366, 1368, 
1370, 1371, 1374, 1377, 1386, 1390, 
1392, 1394, 1400, 1403, 1414, 1417, 
1421, 1423, 1428, 1436, 1447, 1455, 
1459, 1478, 1483, 1517, 1524, 1566, 
1623, 1679, 1685, 1689, 1693, 1695, 
1697, 1707, 1817, 1849, 1854, 1857, 
1859, 1866, 1867, 1954, 2055, 2097, 
2264, 2295, 2346, 2410, 2414, 2416, 
2419, 2424, 2429, 2431, 2433, 2436. 

Howe, Sir William, Haj. gen., com- 
mander-in-chief, British forces in 
America, 171, 187, 267, 283, 312, 324. 
412, 473, 485, 518, 555, 559, 611, 1168 ; 
address of letter to Washington, 
151 ; army s opinion of, 644 ; awk 
ward situation, 457 ; care of Ameri 
can wounded, 415, 422; charges 
cruelty, 470 ; extent of his command, 
384; complaint, 429, 430, 460; com 
munication with Burgoyne, 366, 376, 

378, 530 ; cooperation with Burgoyne, 
371 ; extracts from correspondence, 
229 ; differences with von Heister, 
394 ; his dog, 430 ; exchange powers 
granted by, 566, 590, 611; on ex 
changes, 59, 204, 252, 325, 340, 413, 
434, 490, 570, 591 ; horses purchased 
for, 544 ; intentions of, 393, 403, 480, 
intercepted letter to Burgoyne, 378, 

379, 381, 382, 384; movements, 136, 
139, 346, 372, 374, 376, 387, 633 ; New 
York s feeling respecting, 520 ; plans 
of, 378 ; position, 502 ; proclamations, 
45, 81, 406 ; protests at treatment of 
prisoners, 239, 262, 434; reenforce- 
ments, 447, 449, 454, 455, 462, 469; 
reflections on Congress, 538 ; resents 
Washington s language, 57 ; sensibil 
ity to suffering of inhabitants, 430; 
servant, 15, 204 ; size of army, 292 ; 
stops intercourse with inhabitants, 



1775 

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JANUARY JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER-.. _ 1-60 



Howe, Sir William Continued. 

471. Letters from, 10, 57, 72, 159, 
170, 186, 192, 204, 206, 214, 239, 256, 
262, 325, 335, 372, 413, 415, 422, 429, 
460, 465, 490, 502, 529, 530, 541, 547, 
555, 563, 570, 578, 586, 591, 614, 623, 
624, 629. Letters to, 11, 56, 71, 146, 
158, 172, 181, 185, 187, 192, 204, 215, 
218, 221, 227, 234, 238, 255, 287, 298, 
346, 367, 411, 415, 422, 430, 458, 470, 
483, 488, 499, 517, 521, 531, 538, 544, 
569, 572, 581, 587, 592, 602, 613, 627, 
642. 

Howell, David, Rhode Island delegate, 
Continental Congress, introduced to 
Washington, 2122. 

Howell, Ezekiel, Capt., 4th Continental 
artillery, 2303. 

Howell (Howel), George, Loyalist spy, 
Southampton, Long Island, 1498, 
1570, 1602. 

Howell, Jacob S., Secy., Pennsylvania 
council of safety; deputy clothier 
general, 271. Letter from, 2255. 

Howell, Joseph, of Philadelphia, 484. 

Howell, Joseph, jr., Auditor of ac 
counts, Continental army; auditor 
Continental treasury, 864, 1769. Let 
ter from, 1080. 

Howell, Richard, Maj., 2d New Jersey 
regiment, 594; intelligence from, 
805 ; journal, 836 ; reports from, 716, 
718, 791 ; resignation, 975 ; watches 
enemy, 771. Letters from, 659, 665, 
711, 715, 784, 791, 794, 800, 802, 821, 
830. Letters to, 776, 975. 

Howitzers, 281, 742. 

Rowland s (Holland s) Ferry (Rhode 
Island), 1503, 1569. 

Hewlett, James, Pilot, of Sawpits, New 
YorJc, 685. Letter from, 1913. 

Hoyt, Israel, Loyalist, of Fair field, 
Connecticut, 1471. 

Hubbard, Elijah, Sub-clothier, Conti 
nental army, Letter to, 1292. 

Hubbard, Jonas, Capt., Ward s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 61. 

Hubbard, Nehemiah, Deputy quarter 
master general for Connecticut; dep 
uty foragemaster general; agent for 
contractors, 1208, 1427. Letters from, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2631 



Hubbard, Neliemiah Continued. 

1003, 2277. Letters to, 1146, 1287, 
1292, 1526, 2277. 

Hubbardton (Vermont), British loss 
at, 405. 

Hubbart, John, Lt., 2d Rhode Island 
regiment, 1302. 1305. Letter from, 
1299. 

Hubbell, Isaac, Capt.-lt., regimental 
paymaster, 2d Continental artillery, 
1443, 1986 ; appointment as inspector 
and deputy adjutant general, 1455, 
1506, 1507, 1509, 1512. Letters from, 
1498, 1503. 1505, 1551. Letter to, 
1551. 

Hubbell, Nathaniel, Asst. engineer, 
Continental army, 94. 

Hubley, Adam, Lt. col., 10th and llth 
Pennsylvania regiments, 270, 1532; 
certificate of service, 1705, 1756; de 
ranged, 1705, 1756; rank, 986, 1015, 
1032, 1034. Letters from, 474, 543, 
555, 1022, 1032, 1066, 1705. Letters 
to, 319, 547, 581, 1070, 1756; regi 
ment, 319. 

Hubley, Bernard, Capt., Pennsylvania 
German battalion, Letter from, 1652. 

Huddy, Joshua, Capt., New Jersey 
state artillery, answers of officers on 
retaliation for, 2086, 2087, 2088, 
2089 ; British inquiry on, 2097, 2111, 
2144 ; British procrastination in case 
of, 2183; British report on, 2295- 
2296, 2306 ; court-martial of murder 
ers, 2103, 2104; Carleton s attitude, 
2109, 2194, 2218; demand for mur 
derers of, 2089, 2091 ; evidence, 2285 ; 
murder of, 2083, 2090, 2097, 2103, 
2140, 2183, 2211, 2223, 2276-2277; 
officer selected for retaliation, 2103, 
2105, 2117, 2119, 2129, 2137-2138; 
papers on murder submitted to gen 
eral officers, 2196; queries respect 
ing retaliation for, 2086; responsi 
bility for murder, 2276-2277; re 
taliation for, 2086, 2183; Washing 
ton s determination in regard to 
murder of, 2111; Washington s 
language to Clinton, 2097. 

Hudson, Barzillai, Hartford printer; 
see Hudson & Goodwin. 



Hudson & Goodwin, Hartford printers, 
940. 

Hudson Bay Company, 2300. 

Hudson (North) River, 214, 284, 285, 
296, 306, 307, 311, 438, 619, 631, 680, 
681, 682, 683, 684, 1176, 1191, 1193, 
1355, 1358, 1366, 1370, 1436, 1727, 
1742, 1905, 1930, 2062, 2176, 2271, 
2458; alarm signals, 2254; army on, 
1988, 2451; army crosses, 210, 377, 
1429, 1927; arrest of persons on, 
2249; artillery and stores moved to, 
1402 ; batteaux needed on, 910 ; boat 
engagement on, 161; boats and ves 
sels on, 311, 321, 332, 527, 575, 1271, 
1329, 1661, 1768, 2018, 2032, 2049, 
2250, 2378; Continental vessels in, 
1684, 1685; boom across, 838; Brit 
ish army crosses, 205, 791; British 
attempt to land on west bank, 762; 
British expedition up, 299, 300, 302, 
312, 357, 431, 432, 435, 436, 440, 443, 
877, 1032, 1050, 1053, 1057, 1084, 
1087, 1157, 1373, 1374, 1451, 1582, 
2077, 2101, 2123; British fortifica 
tions on, 1401-1402, 2054, 2158; 
British guardships in, 1945, 2304; 
British guards on, 2311; British 
movements on, 1045, 1059, 1096, 1155, 
1223, 1367, 1783; British return 
down, 452, 447, 875, 1378, 1872, 2078 ; 
British ships and movements in, 144, 
146, 194, 304, 369, 447, 686, 698, 759, 
773, 778, 779, 780, 826, 850, 874, 875, 
1087, 1093, 1176, 1329, 1375, 1376, 
1377, 1378, 1381, 1574, 1896, 1945, 
2099, 2283; British stations on, 2311 ; 
camp location on, 682 ; canal to East 
river, 2052; canal to Harlem river, 
1009 ; cattle stopped at, 1312 ; chain, 
335, 347, 1779; channel, 105, 111, 
167; command on, 1184, 1192, 1560; 
communication, 1050, 1618, 1929; 
control of, 364; Convention troops 
cross, 823, 867; craft, see Vessels; 
defense of, 63, 261, 311, 493, 517, 530, 
626, 628, 630, 706 ; conference on de 
fense of, 604 ; east side, 637, 803, 999, 
1059, 1084, 1096, 1155, 1374, 1442, 
1540, 1560, 1609, 1618, 1625, 2113, 
2271 ; ferry, 145 ; ferry guards, 1947 ; 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Hudson (North) River Continued. 
French march to, 1766, 1769, 1773, 
1786, 1792, 1802, 1840, 1862, 1864, 
1869, 1870, 2219; fortifications, 30, 
324, 492, 546, 1047, 1473 ; guards and 
water guards, 160, 1638, 1662, 1876, 
1894, 2110 ; hutting troops on, 2271 ; 
ice in, 2303, 2316, 2324; importance 
of, 160, 493, 1016; junction of 
French and American armies on, 
2197; landing places, 1406; maga 
zines, 324, 325, 347, 803, 884, 1359; 
map, 311, 585, 949, 1442; navigation 
of, 1684; obstruction of, 105, 142, 
145, 163, 167, 197, 212, 213, 215, 261, 
321 ; patrol of shore, 1443 ; pilots for, 
1658 ; post rider along, 160 ; posts on, 
1192, 2155, 2254; preparations on 
upper, 933; roads, 663, 1155, 1914; 
route and roads to Anaquaga and 
Tioga, 974; scout boats on, 766; 
shores, 551 ; situation on, 1048, 1049, 
1071; skirmish on west bank, 762; 
transportation, 322, 807, 810, 1655, 
1868, 1899; troops and movements 
on, 361, 507, 610, 632, 677, 758, 1081, 
1186, 1374, 1540, 1609, 1881, 1980, 
2113, 2429 ; vigilance on, 1774 ; water 
depth in, 111, 1383, 1389, 1403 ; west 
side, 309, 324, 347, 751, 758, 1186, 
1597 ; west side inhabitants distress, 
217. 

Huger, Isaac, Brig. gen. Continental 
army, 1629, 1712. Letter from, 1630. 

Hugg, Joseph, Col., asst. commissary 
of purchases, 574. 

Huggins, Thomas, Asst. deputy com 
missary of purchases, 555, 558, 634. 

Hughes, Daniel, of Maryland, 328. 

Hughes, Hugh, Col., asst. quartermas 
ter general, Continental army; dep 
uty quartermaster general for New 
York, 113, 117, 119, 121, 127, 128, 
136, 142, 1647, 1816, 2018; health, 
366 ; impress power, 1798, 1800. Let 
ters from, 227, 238, 245. 305, 325, 
366, 480, 1820, 2082, 2106, 2118, 2172, 
2173, 2174. Letters and orders to, 
249, 318, 322, 366, 409, 1783, 1790, 
1800, 2137, 2170, 2184, 2189. 

1775 

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JANUARY-JUNE 1 

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Hughes, Hugh, Loyalist f, of Sussex 
county, New Jersey, 302. 

Hughes, James M., Maj., New York 
levies, 1557. 

Hughes, John, Capt., 2d Canadian regi 
ment, 1611, 1917-1918, 1932. Letter 
from, ,1534. Letters and orders to, 
1532, 1610. 

Hughes, John, Lt. and adj., 4th Penn 
sylvania regiment, 2060. 

Hughes, Peter, Clerk to Varick, 1965, 
1983, 2031. 

Hughes, Thomas, Lt. and paymaster; 
capt., 2d Rhode Island regiment, 
1705. Letter from, 2205. 

Hughes, Timothy, Capt., 1st Canadian 
regiment, 539. 

Hughes, Samuel, of Maryland, 328. 

Hugo, Thomas Brogden, Lt., 5th Mary 
land regiment, 899. 

Hulifer, John, Private, Cathcart s le 
gion, British provincial troops, 819. 

Hulks, sinking in the North river, 142 ; 
sunk in Sandy Hook channel, 1166, 
1170, 1327, 1338, 1345, 1355, 1379, 
1385, 1402, 1405. See also Vessels. 

Hull, John, Private, 2d Pennsylvania 
regiment, 135, 136. 

Hull, Joseph, Lt., Fitch s Connecticut 
coast guards, 2076, 2077. 

Hull, William, Maj., 8th; It. col, 3d 
Massachusetts regiments, 1661, 1940, 
2150, 2209, 2412 ; answers to queries 
in the Huddy case, 20SS ; assigned to 
6th Massachusetts regiment, 2333; 
command, 1078 ; commission, 289 ; ex 
pense account, 2454 ; introduced to 
Washington, 1882 ; his Morrisania en 
terprise, 1667, 1693; his position, 
2416; promotion, 1210, 1235; rank, 
1200, 1253; reenforcements, 1669. 
Letters from, 996, 1000, 1434, 1659, 
1667, 1669, 1682, 1693, 2148, 2165, 
2411, 2416, 2419. Letters and orders 
to, 1672-1673, 2416, 2420. Regiment, 
1446. 

Humanity, American violations of. 
2097; of British officers, 1580; car 
rying on the war with, 2103. 

Humble, Richard, 1080. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2633 



Humfrey, William. Col., Dutchess 
county, Nctv York, militia, regiment, 
137. 

Humphreys (Humphrys), David, Lt. 
col., aide to Washington, 1588, 1616, 
1618, 1620, 1637, 1638. 1647, 1652, 
1659, 1661, 1670, 1673, 1677, 1695, 
1768, 1769, 1777, 1781, 1782, 1802, 
1803, 1804, 1813, 1844, 1847, 1906, 
1909, 1913, 1918. 1919, 1963, 1978. 
2014, 2043, 2046, 2055, 2059, 2073, 
2082, 2105, 2106, 2124, 2141, 2167, 
2226, 2242, 2278, 2282, 2289, 2290, 
2295. 2296, 2297, 2299, 2312, 2319, 
2330, 2334, 2336, 2343, 2348, 2351, 
2352, 2371, 2401; "Address to the 
Armies," 1340; attempt to capture 
Knyphausen, 1647, 1736; examines 
deserters, 2281 ; ideas on the cam 
paign, 2077 ; journey to Congress and 
the North River, 2458; passport to 
enter New York, 2377 ; thoughts on 
garrisoning the western posts, 2458. 
Letters from, 1340, 1598, 1641, 1663, 
1679, 1680, 1688, 1689, 1690, 1702, 
1703, 1707, 1727. 1778, 1792, 1797, 
1798, 1800, 1802, 1804, 1810, 1887, 
1890, 1896, 1914, 1917, 1919, 1943, 
1996, 2077, 2078, 2080, 2081, 2082, 
2099, 2106, 2112, 2115, 2140, 2141, 
2145, 2155, 2170, 2174, 2184, 2189, 
2195, 2205, 2211, 2214, 2217, 2221, 
2234, 2235, 2237, 2242, 2246, 2261, 
2263, 2266, 2277, 2278, 2281, 2302, 
2308, 2311, 2313, 2317, 2319, 2320, 
2323, 2326, 2331, 2335, 2338, 2344, 
2347, 2351, 2353, 2354, 2363, 2369, 
2372, 2403, 2406, 2408, 2410, 2411, 
2415, 2424, 2426, 2458. Letters and 
instructions to, 1617, 1620, 1647, 
1689, 1749, 1764, 1769, 1772, 1778, 
1783, 1793, 1799, 1802, 1819, 1824, 
1852, 1875, 1879, 1922. 2003, 2105, 
2110, 2113, 2118, 2142, 2143, 2145, 
2174, 2188, 2192, 2202, 2205, 2210, 
2231, 2236, 2243, 2246, 2256, 2267, 
2293, 2301, 2310, 2312, 2316, 2319, 
2322, 2325, 2333, 2334, 2336, 2338, 
2343, 2347, 2351, 2353, 2363, 2371, 
2409, 2425. Drafts and copies by, 
1107, 1348, 1381, 1392, 1397, 1398, 



Humphreys (Humphrys), David Con. 

1403, 1414, 1415, 1418, 1420, 1421, 

1429, 1432, 1442, 1444, 1453, 1454, 

1458, 1478, 1483, 1487, 1491, 1499, 

1506, 1522, 1561, 1566, 1572, 1580, 

1585, 1589, 1590, 1597, 1598, 1599, 

1600, 1601, 1606, 1609, 1611, 1612, 

1613, 1616, 1617, 1632, 1633, 1634, 

1635, 1638, 1639, 1641, 1643, 1644, 

1647, 1660, 1662, 1663, 1667, 1669, 

1670, 1671, 1672, 1675, 1678, 1679, 

1680, 1681, 1685, 1686, 1688, 1692, 

1693, 1696, 1697, 1698, 1699, 1701, 

1703, 1704, 1706, 1707, 1708, 1709, 

1710, 1711, 1712, 1713, 1714, 1753, 

1755, 1756, 1757, 1758. 1759. 1761, 

1762, 1763, 1764, 1766, 1767, 1768, 

1771, 1772, 1775, 1779, 1780, 1782, 

1785, 1786, 1788, 1791, 1792, 1794, 

1798, 1800, 1802, 1803, 1808, 1807, 

1808, 1810, 1811, 1812, 1814, 1815, 

1817, 1819, 1821, 1822, 1823, 1825, 

1826, 1827, 1830, 1832, 1834, 1836, 

1842, 1844, 1845, 1847, 1848, 1849, 

1850, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1857, 

1859, 1860, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 

1866, 1868, 1871, 1874, 1877, 1880, 

1881, 1885, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1893, 

1894, 1895, 1901, 1902, 1903, 1905, 

1914, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 

1924, 1925, 1926, 1931, 1932. 1934, 

1935, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1944, 1945, 

1946, 1947, 1954, 1957, 1959, 1972, 

1978, 1980, 1982, 2020, 2021, 2022, 

2024. 2027, 2028, 2030, 2031, 2033, 

2035, 2037, 2040, 2042, 2043, 2045, 

2047, 2048, 2049, 2050, 2053, 2058, 

2061, 2063, 2065, 2066, 2068, 2069, 

2071, 2073, 2074, 2084, 2088, 2089, 

2090, 2091, 2092, 2095, 2096, 2101, 

2102, 2109, 2110, 2112, 2114, 2115, 

2117, 2123, 2128, 2130, 2154, 2156, 

2157, 2163, 2164, 2166, 2167, 2169, 

2172, 2174, 2178, 2180, 2183, 2187, 

2190, 2192, 2193, 2199, 2201, 2202, 

2206, 2207, 2209, 2210, 2212, 2219, 

2221. 2228, 2236, 2241, 2242, 2249, 

2251, 2255, 2256, 2261, 2262, 2266, 
2268, 2269, 2270, 2271, 2273, 2276, 2277, 

2280, 2281, 2282, 2284, 2286, 2287, 

2288. 2289, 2290, 2291, 2294, 2295, 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Humphreys (Humphrys), David Con. 
2300, 2301, 2303, 2305, 2306, 2307, 
2308, 2309, 2310, 2312, 2314, 2317, 
2319, 2320, 2321, 2324, 2325, 2326, 
2328, 2330, 2331, 2332, 2333, 2334, 
2335, 2337, 2339, 2340, 2342, 2343, 
2345, 2347, 2350, 2353, 2361, 2362, 
2363, 2364, 2366, 2367, 2368, 2370, 
2376, 2377, 2378, 2387, 2391, 2393, 
2394, 2396, 2400, 2401, 2402, 2403, 
2404, 2405. 2408, 2410, 2412, 2414, 
2417, 2418, 2420, 2422, 2426, 2429, 
2432, 2449, 2452, 2453, 2454, 2455, 
2457. 

Humpton, Richard, Col., llth, 10th, and 
6th Pennsylvania regiments; brig, 
gen., Continental army, 1100, 1104, 
1726 ; activity of, 2432 ; brigade com 
manded by, 1892 ; plan for grenadier 
corps, 263, 296; rank, 1042. Letters 
from, 391, 1727, 2339, 2445. Letters 
to, 319, 1042, 1737, 2062, 2201, 2212, 
2252, 2307, 2444. Regiment and 
troops under bis command, 260, 319, 
391, 2062, 2202, 2444. 

Hunt, David, Capt., New York levies, 
Letter to, 2217. 

Hunt, James, New York commissioner 
to remove stock from enemy s reach; 
member, New York committee of se 
questration, 551. 

Hunt, Tbomas, Capt., WeissenfeFs New 
York levies, 2223. 

Hunt, Thomas, Sea captain and pilot, 
1658. Letters to, 1147, 1863. 

Hunter, Alexander, 170. 

Hunter, Elijah, Capt., 2d New York 
regiment; asst. commissary of for 
age; American spy, 957, 1109; Brit 
ish trust in, 1025 ; certificate of serv 
ices as spy, 2405, 2454; intelligence 
through, 951, 1027, 1526; interviews 
with Clinton and Tryon, 951, 1025; 
introduced to Washington, 960 ; serv 
ices, 2355; suspected, 1113, 2355, 
2454. Letters from, 1025, 1781, 2355. 
Letter to, 1108. 

Hunter, James, Justice of the peace, 
Shawagunk precinct, New York, Let 
ter from, 1770. 



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Hunter, John, Capt., Independent 
Pennsylvania company, company of, 
299, 504. Letters from, 299, 302, 317. 
Letter to, 302. 

Hunter, William, jr., Clerk ? to Com 
missary Ross, Letter from, 1999. 

Hunter, , Volunteer aide to Wee- 
don, introduced to Washington, 1956. 

Hunter (New York), guard at, 2237. 

Hunterdon county (New Jersey), 1222. 

Hunting party, Indian, 2386. 

Hunting shirts, see Shirts. 

Huntington, Ebeuezer, Lt., 2d Connecti 
cut regiment; It. and capt. 22d Con 
tinental infantry; ma}., Webb s Addi 
tional Continental regiment; It. col., 
3d Connecticut and Swift s Connecti 
cut regiment, 2226, 2273; rank, 109, 
1722, 1728, 2227, 2255 ; recommended, 
92, 232 ; remonstrance against, 4, 20 ; 
retirement, 2442; volunteers, 1966, 
1968. Letters from, 1235, 1966, 1968, 
2057, 2227, 2298. Letters to, 890, 
900. 1235, 1969, 2057, 2288. 

Huntington, Jabez, Maj. gen., Con 
necticut militia, Letter from, 728. 

Huntington, Jedidiah, Col., 8th Con 
necticut; 17th Continental infantry 
and 1st Connecticut regiments; brig, 
gen., Continental army, 23, 25, 26, 
156, 270, 278, 451, 454, 463, 507, 514, 
552, 564, 631, 637, 651, 695, 702, 710, 
724, 730, 740, 769, 852, 917, 940, 1097, 
1296, 1356, 1419, 1510, 1590, 1858, 
1860, 1911, 1922, 1923, 2372, 2373, 
2381, 2385, 2395; opinion, 516, 654, 
2370; opinion in council of war, 
1098, 1519, 1589, 1593; opinion on 
the situation, 1510; on peace estab 
lishment of army, 2374 ; report from, 
546; retirement, 2442. Letters from, 
55, 95, 277. 292, 302, 303, 304, 305. 
307, 364, 503, 508, 573, 654, 850, 859, 
886, 940, 969, 1031, 1098, 1129, 1299. 
1302, 1310, 1312, 1313, 1314, 1315, 
1317, 1325, 1331, 1375, 1376, 1377, 
1382, 1519. 1593, 1628, 1831, 2033, 
2040, 2054. 2070, 2078, 2081, 2127, 
2143, 2146, 2147, 2159, 2181, 2208, 
2214, 2354, 2374, 2382, 2389, 2391, 
2438. Letters and orders to, 283, 



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2635 



Huntington, Jedidiah Continued. 
297, 365, 521, 5TG, 735, 853, 854, 861, 
878, 899, 902, 953, 976, 1034. 1061, 
1115, 1129, 1151, 1161, 1186, 1290, 
1298, 1302, 1303, 1304, 1309, 1313, 
1314, 1316, 1322, 1323, 1324, 1326, 
1328, 1330, 1334, 1418, 1622, 1632, 
1819, 2028, 2063, 2077, 2264, 2278, 
2279, 2288, 2370, 2389, 2391. Regi 
ment, 208, 277, 283, 297, 367. Bri 
gade, 503, 508, 859, 886, 902, 940, 
1000, 1001, 1034, 1312, 1328, 1370, 
1375; mutiny in brigade, 898, 904, 
905, 907, 913. 

Huntington, Joshua, 143. 

Huntington, Samuel, President, Conti 
nental Congress, 1867. 

Huntington (Long Island), 1423, 2256, 
2273, 2281, 2282, 2286, 2289, 2291, 
2293, 2294, 2344, 2345; attack on, 
489; attempt against, 261, 1900, 
1904 ; British at, 2291, 2344 ; British 
fortifications at, 1896, 2281, 2291, 
2293; British transports and ship 
ping at, 719, 741, 1430, 2291; in 
habitants, 2293, 2439; riots, 2431, 
2439. 

Huntington Bay (Long Island), 1863; 
attempt against, 1813, 1895. 

Hurlbet, Philo, 322. 

Hurlbut (Hurlburt), George, Capt., 
2d Continental dragoons, assistance 
to, 1437; passport for, 2370, 2372, 
2376; Washington s kindness to, 
2362. Letters from, 716, 718, 719, 
720, 1443, 2362. Letter to, 2362. 

Hurons, same as Wyandots; see In 
dians, tribes. 

Hurricane, in the West Indies, 1585, 
1627, 1637, 1665. 

Hurt, John, Chaplain, Virginia bri 
gade, Letter from, 1954. Letter to, 
1955. 

Huston, William, Lt. and adjutant, 6th 
Pennsylvania regiment, 2170. 

Hutchins, Amos, Capt., 3d New York 
regiment, 1229; mutiny in company 
of, 141. 



Hutchins, Nathaniel, Capt., 1st New 
Hampshire regiment, Letters and or 
ders to, 621, 639. 

Hutchins, Thomas, Capt. and geog 
rapher, Continental army, Letters 
from, 2008, 2021. Letter to, 2022. 

Hutchins, William, Capt., 3d New 
Hampshire regiment, 26. 

Hutchinson, Israel, Lt. col., Mansfield s 
Massachusetts regiment, 16, 60. 

Hutchinson, , British officer?, 613. 

Huts, 173, 327, 1184, 1679, 2008 2032, 
2056, 2282, 2442; British, 850, 862, 
1694; building, 752, 882, 1198, 1639, 
2004, 2274 ; condition of, 1608 ; guard 
for, 2206; need of, 2001; sale of. 
1760, 1785, 2041 ; in winter quarters, 
1605. 

Hutting, 866, 886, 887, 890, 1192, 1611, 
1623, 1625, 1626, 1628, 2004, 2246, 
2274; British, 1182; location, 875, 
2255, 2264, 2271 ; orders, 228 ; timber 
for, 872, 1197. 

Hutton, , Provost marshal, 1792. 

Huzzars, see Cavalry. 

Hyatt, Abraham, Lt., J f th New York 
regiment, Letter from, 834. 

Hyatt, Ezekiel, Capt., 1st New York 
regiment, 166. 

Hyde, Jedidiah, Brig.-maj., Parsons 
brigade, 208. 

Hyde, Jeduthan, Capt., Connecticut 
militia, 1137. 

Hyde, West, Col., 1st Foot Guards, 
British army, 877, 879; commis 
sioner to negotiate exchange of pris 
oners, 876, 961; exchange corre 
spondence, 997. 

Hygiene, cleanliness, 514; in barracks 
and fortifications. 1849. 

Hynds, John, see Hinds. 

Hyrne, Edmund M., Maj., 2d South 
Carolina regiment; deputy commis 
sary general of prisoners, 1833, 1868. 
Letter from, 2042. Letter to, 2002. 

I. 
I. H., see II. I. 

Ikleburg, see Eichelberger. 
Illinois, movement of people to, 942. 
Illinois country, 1278. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Immorality, 514. 

Implements, sec Tools. 

Imports, 986. 

Impost act, 2127, 2416, 2422, 2436, 2451, 

Impress, authority, 424, 446, 1110, 
1117, 1482, 2051; authorized, 1935: 
beef, 1696: British naval, 352, 736, 
1149, 1366, 1498, 1597, 1606, 1609, \ 
1816, 1820, 1837, 2077, 2085, 2144, 
2239, 2254; British privateer, 956; 
British team, 912; British wagon, 
1958; care in use of, 1778; of car 
riages, 749 ; of cattle, 553, 554, 1219, 
1935; of citizens, 338; feeling 
aroused by, 1606; flour, 1619, 1839; 
forage, 749, 846, 856, 858, 890, 891, 
1030, 1046, 1414, 1415, 1427, 1510, 
1945, 1990 ; grain, 1219, 1223 ; horses, 
438, 553, 554, 676, 933, 1689, 1890, 
1898, 1899, 1935, 1945, 2094; of loy 
alists, 628; lumber, 1427, 1461; 
needed, 1395, 1764, 1821, 1873; ob 
jection to use of, 1798; ordered, 

1424, 1778, 1801 ; pasturage, 1394 ; of 
pilots, 748 ; of prisoners into British 
navy, 1609, 1816, 1837, 2144; provi 
sions, 1217, 1218, 1226, 122S, 1394, 
1395-1396, 1472, 1822 ; refused, 1480, 
1764; regulating act, 2018; of sea 
men, 1149, 1402; sleighs, 2336; suc 
cess, 1225, 1228 ; of stock, 1394 ; sup 
plies, 1233, 1629 ; teams, 49, 429, 552, 
733, 751, 967, 1371, 1372, 1402, 1417, 

1425, 1427, 1434, 1564, 1653, 1694, 
1706, 1707, 1722, 1766, 1768, 1769, 
1772, 1778, 1783, 1793, 1798, 1800, 
1801, 1802, 1945, 2331, 2339; for 
transportation, 1822, 1825; wagons, 
233, 438, 549, 555, 1032, 1473, 1778, 
1786, 1895, 2017; warrant, 228, 751, 
1223, 2336 ; water, 1395-1396. 

Imprisonment, 1606 ; for debt, 2456. 

Incursions, see Raids. 

Independence, 83, 2126, 2153, 2182 ; ac 
knowledged by Great Britain, 840, 
877, 2366; established, 2368; George 
Ill s obstinacy on, 2227; Holland s 
services in establishing. 2421 ; in 
sistence on, 313; loyalist opinion on, 
2236; Parliament speeches on, 2173; 
recognized by France, 606. 607, 608, 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECK MBEII 1-60 



Independence Continued. 

615 ; rumors of, 2187 ; Spain on, 998 ; 
of Vermont, 1813. 

INDEPENDENCE, Continental armed gal 
ley, 194. 

Independence Day, salute, 1067. 

Independent companies and corps, 262. 
420, 1008, 1021, 1034. 1134, 1672, 
2313; officers, 1134. 

Independent enterprises, 302. 

Indian department, ?25. 

Indians, 5, 6, 7, 12, 86, 87, 107, 111, 
114, 120, 121, 131, 149, 158, 169, 184, 
186, 344, 372, 705, 866, 978, 995; 
activity, 993, 1297, 1328, 2353; ad 
vance, 160. 180, 686, 842, 924, 1736, 
1925, 1929, 2247; advance from 
the Genesee town, 2165; affairs, 132, 
151, 616, 648, 659, 878, 905, 1020, 
1094 ; agent, see Agent ; agitators of, 
2 ; alienation of, 979 ; ammunition 
for, 1010; assistance from, 582; at 
tacks, 3, 132, 165, 351, 376, 381, 
382, 835, 992, 959, 1030, 1031, 
1284, 1466, see also under out 
breaks, raids, etc. ; attitude, feeling, 
etc., 8, 89, 96, 109, 623, 942, 974, 2067 ; 
atrocities, 1315; barbarity, 1584, 
1593, 2368 ; belts, see under messages 
and belts and under speeches; boast 
of Kentucky victories, 1408; bounty 
to, 129 ; British aid to, dealings with, 
etc., 3, 11, 21, 58, 363, 930. 963, 970. 
977, 1019, 1066, 1104, 1363, 1422, 
2002, 2028, 2341, see also under the 
various tribes; British restraint of, 
2229, 2236, 2237, 2341, 2386, 2423; 
British speeches and promises to, 
942, 2252; campaign delayed, 984: 
in Canada, 9. 17, 19, 21, 25, 89, 93, 
121, 158, 833. 862, 873, 959, 970, 974. 
1003. 1021, 1700, 2067; message from 
Canadian, 1021; captured, 143; cap 
tures, 1297, 2155-2156, 2165; cattle 
taken by, 958; chiefs or sachems, 
901, 1466, 1495, 2056, 2394; chiefs 
visit French army, 1466, 1495; ad 
dress to chiefs, 1493; letter to 
chiefs, 1003 ; see also under the vari 
ous tribes; clothing for, 901, 970, 
1228, 1254 ; commissioners, see Com- 

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INDEX 



2637 



Indians Continued. 

missioners of Indian Affairs; con 
ciliation of, 2187; conduct, 631, see 
also under outbreaks, raids, etc. ; 
conference and councils, 25, 122, 129, 
153, 760, 965, 970, 1689; corn, eee 
Grain ; 

country, 920, 1017; British ad 
vance from, 1838; British arms 
and goods going into, 2230; cav 
alry useless in, 899 ; described, in 
formation, intelligence, and re 
ports from, 835, 844, 912, 920, 925, 
926, 929, 930, 938, 942, 945, 947, 
949, 950, 953, 959, 965, 966, 978, 

1041, 1042, 1350, 1529, 1838; dis 
tances, 947, 953, 961, 1015, 1041, 

1042, 1350; expeditions into, 464. 
698, 834, 835, 858, 869, 908, 929, 
930, 1040, 1837; exploration of, 
1039; forts, 835; force in, 1104; 
letters from, 1380; magazines in, 
835; maps, 925, 926, 947, 1008; 
questions regarding, 928, 929, 
1024; reenforcement for, 1066, 
1104 ; roads and routes into, 835, 
912, 913, 920, 950, 955, 961, 966, 
1015, 1041, 1042, 1320 ; settlements 
and towns, 926, 1042, 1350; situa 
tion in, 1104 ; spies sent into, 1935 ; 
summary of intelligence, 1041 ; 
winter campaign against, 869; see 
also under the various tribes ; 

damage and depredations by, 998, 
1104, 1352, 2077, 2176, 2178, 2293, 
see also under outbreaks, raids, 
etc,; deceived, 103, 971, 1065; de 
ceit, 970; declaration of intention 
to torture prisoners, 2172; defeats, 
998, 1131, 1132, 1411, 1559, 1749, 
1891, 1893, 2158, 2447; desire to 
take part against the English, 1493 ; 
dissatisfaction with British, 2237; 
employment of, 120, 122, 124. 125, 
126, 134, 163, 658, 1056, 1067, see 
also under the various tribes; es 
corted home, 647 ; 

expeditions against, 464, 698. 
701, 703, 809, 834, 835, 844, 858, 
869, 894, 899, 908, 912, 913, 920, 
924, 928, 929, 930, 931, 935, 977, 



Indians Continued. 

980, 981, 986, 988, 989, 991, 992, 
993, 995, 996, 1002, 1005, 1009, 
1013, 1018, 1019, 1027, 1032, 1033, 
1034, 1039, 1040, 1041, 1043, 1044, 
1054, 1056, 1061, 1063, 1064, 1065, 
1066, 1067, 1068, 1069, 1073, 1076, 
1101, 1105, 1123, 1133, 1155, 1157, 
1159, 1178, 1274, 1292, 1348, 1471, 
1565, 1837, 1930, 1932, 1958, 1999, 
2061, 2161, 2263, 2295, 2421; ac 
count of, 1141; ammunition for, 
708; artillery for, 1009, 1027, 
1044; authorized, 1187; command, 
935, 996; desired by inhabitants, 
958; guides, 920, 1023, 1037; mi 
litia support, 931; orders, 1002, 
1040; return of troops employed 
on, 1125; routes, 913, 977, 981; 
shoes, 1069; successes, 1129, 1140, 
1143, 1155; supplies and stores 
for, 971, 980, 996, 1002, 1023, 1027, 
1030, 1031, 1034, 1037, 1068, 1101; 
transportation, 920 ; volunteers 
for, 969 ; wagons, 1022, 1023, 1030. 
See also under Brodhead, Daniel ; 
Irvine, William; Mclntosh, Wil 
liam; Sullivan, John; and under 
the various tribes. 
Five Nations, see under tribes, Six 
Nations; French officers efforts to 
restrain, 1361; effect of French 
treaty on, 623; message of French 
King to, 942, 970, 1496; friendly, 
1292, 1629, 1672, 2037; friend 
ship, 17, 525, 833, 1000, 1240, 
2176; on frontier, 122, 681, 686, 
2241; gifts and presents to, 234, 
239, 402, 965, 1195, 1466, 1690, 1736, 
1991, see also under goods and 
money; at Gnadenhutten, 1929; 
goods for, 239; goods and supplies 
for, 959, 970, 1631, 1777, 2407 ; guides, 
1037, 2090; hostages, 930; hostile, 
1292; hostilities, 1278, 2386; indif 
ference to peace talk, 384; intelli 
gence, 352, 1003 ; intentions, designs, 
etc., 679, 680, 886, 1292, 1345, 1528, 
2165, 2172, 2341; at Isle aux Noix, 
912 ; killing of, 984, 1455 ; lands, 963, 
1187; loyalists furnish supplies to, 



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Indians Continued. 

1010; management of, 106, 1363; 
meal and rye, see Grain ; messages 
and belts sent to, 1555 ; Mingoes, sec 
under tribes, Senecas; money for, 
235, 1195; movements, 363, 863, 994, 
1025 ; see also under advance ; 

Moravians, 971, 1298, 1689-1690, 

1925; converts, 971; expelled, 

1958 ; massacred. 2090 ; 
murders, 350, 1292, 1298, 1348, 1352, 
1465, 1507, 1599, 1733, 1935, 1943 ; ne 
cessity of driving across the lakes and 
the Mississippi, 2374 ; needy families 
of, 901 ; negotiations with, 793 ; neu 
trality, 10; northern, 11; on north 
western frontier, 2224; in Nova 
Scotia, 1021; at Ochanaga, 719; at 
Oneida, 938; operations against, 
1385; at Oswego, 180, 183; out 
breaks and uprisings, 126, 186, 1251, 
1278, 2388 ; see also under raids, etc. ; 
payment for making snowshoes. 
2384; peace and peace negotiations, 
128, 1048, 1157, 2239 2246, 2294, 
2394; plunder retaken from, 998; 
policy, 2176; position, 1363; prison 
ers of, 1005, 1015 ; prisoners escaped 
from, 936, 1297, 1330; promises to, 
581 ; promise to aid Brodhead, 1496 ; 
provisions for, 160, 701, 760, 896, 
1010, 1228, 1231; punishment of, 
897; pursued, 1584; quietness of, 
1075; raid prevented by news of 
peace, 2388; raids, ravages, forays, 
massacres, etc., 278, 691, 988, 1015, 
1317, 1359, 1411, 1447, 1479, 1565, 
1591, 1789, 1886, 2058, 2134, 2213, 
2374, 2388, 2419 ; raise siege of Fort 
Laurens, 942 ; ration issue to, 1761 ; 
refugees, 2090; refusal to fight 
against the United States, 162; re 
lief of, 2124 ; reply to Killbuck, 943 ; 
rewarded, 1027, 1053 ; rum furnished, 
760, 1855; runners, 978, 2376; at 
St. Johns, 6, 1555; satisfying of, 
1034; settlements, 881, 894, 1132. 
1925, see also under the various 
tribes; situation, 151, 497, 1420; 
skirmish with, 1333, 2141 ; Southern, 
525 ; speeches and belts sent to, 239. 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER,- _ 1-60 



Indians Continued. 

581, 918, 1002, 1407, 1555, see also 
under the various tribes; strategems 
against, 2001; strength of, 899, 977, 
1297; students, 1254, 1275; subjuga 
tion of, 992; terms with, 1045; 
thefts, 1292; threaten attack, 119, 
2450 ; near Ticonderoga, 350 ; trade 
with, 2407; traders, 112, 114; treat 
ment of, 952, 1051; treaties, 158, 

582, 705, see also under the various 
tribes; treaties with British, 2031: 

tribes, Abenaki (St. Frangois), 
clothing, 1856; employment, 833; 
expenditures for, 2232 ; message 
to, 901; money for, 1195; muster 
roll, 1827; pay, 1174, 1827, 1856, 
2425, 2426; presents, 1195; provi 
sions for, 1174. Cauasadegas, 1069. 
Caughnawagas, 65, 71, 72, 75, 89, 
118, 1069, 1466. Cayuga, 115, 972 ; 
alarm of, 1014 ; chiefs or sachems, 
191, 194, 197; hostile, 582, 1144; 
negotiations with Oneidas, 886, 
887, 963; peace with, 988, 1004; 
prisoners, 1005, 1039; towns, 930. 
Cherokee, chiefs, 1979, 1991, 1996; 
commissioners to, 1740; hostility, 
1979; murders, 1652 ; services, 235 ; 
towns destroyed, 1740. Chicka- 
saws, 1740. Chippewas, 1069. 
Choctaw, 2028. Cooshocking, 1736, 
1747, 1787. Creeks, battle with, 
2158; British rousing, 456; peace 
and friendship, 2028, 2173. Dela- 
wares, aid to, 1631, 1672; alliance 
with Wyandots, 1736; British and 
Indian advance against, 1736; 
chiefs, 965, 970, 1010, 1574 ; letters 
to, 971, 1013; speeches, 964, 971, 
1002 ; visit Congress, 964 ; conduct, 
1328; cooperation against the Min 
goes, 1292; from Cooshocking, 
1761 ; councils, 915, 962, 970, 1292, 
1721; letters from council, 1037, 
1292, 1407, 1678 ; efforts with other 
tribes, 911, 942; employment of, 
925, 978; feeling among, 1929; 
friendship, 911, 912, 942, 1010, 1013, 
1278; goods, 1535, 1574; messages 
and letters from, 1026. 1037, 1292, 

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INDEX 



2639 



Indians Continued. 

1315, 1407, 1465, 1678, 1721 ; letters 
to, 971, 1013 ; murder soldiers, 918 ; 
peace with, 942, 1013; placating, 
1050; plots against, murdered, de 
stroyed, etc., 994, 1001, 1024, 1050, 
1051, 2090; punished, 2386; 
speeches, 962, 9G3, 964, 970, 971. 
1002, 1408; towns, 1465; war and 
war parties, 1631, 1736. Esopus, 
1027. Hurons, see Wyandots. Ma- 
chias, 1021. Miami, 1747. Min- 
goes, see Seneca s. Missisauga, 
170. Mohawks, 55, 89, 234, 947; 
hostilities, 582; prisoners, 1162; 
treaty, 1153. Mohican, 134. , Muh- 
hekunnuk, 2416. Muncys, 1298; 
expedition against, 1005, 1133, 
1157, 1178, 1292; towns destroyed, 
1352; war parties, 1280. Oneidas, 
123, 1024; aid from, 1422, 1425; 
aid to, 582, 895, 1144, 2420 ; attack 
on Brant, 762, 782 ; attack on Una- 
dilla, 776; attacked, 1466; British 
efforts with, 886, 896, 1065 ; Cayuga 
proposals to, 887 ; chiefs, 117, 384 ; 
letter from, see letter from Black 
Smith, Beatch Tree, and others, 
2420; council or conference, 128, 
384, 402, 760, 963, 1014 ; food and 
clothing, 954, 887, 1379, 1423, 1445, 
1457, 1685, 1758 ; friendship, 1123, 
1144; guides, 1123; preparations 
against, 930; speeches, 1069, 1123, 
1144; treachery toward British, 
1065. Onondagas, chiefs, 180, 924, 
972 ; employed to capture Brant and 
Butler, 1051 ; expedition against, 
988, 992; friendship, 1010; hos 
tilities, 582; join enemy, 684; 
peace, 963, 972, 1033; prisoners, 
1039; speeches and speech belts, 
180, 678; towns, 930. Ottawas, 
1069. Passamaquoddys, 71. Pe- 
nobscots, 1363, 1576. St. Fran- 
gois, see Abenaki. St. Johns, 71. 
Sandusky, 1930. Scatacoke, 1056. 
Senecas (Mingoes), 239, 339, 631, 
786, 950, 963, 1050; country, 967, 
978; expedition against, 698, 701, 
992, 1005, 1059, 1075, 1076, 1155, 



Indians Continued. 

1157, 1292; hostilities, 582; join 
enemy, 684; rule of, 970; speech, 
962; towns, 930, 1352; war with 
Delawares, 1631 ; war with Wyan 
dots, 1035, 1050, 1059. Shawanoes, 
1035 ; burn Brodhead s speech, 994, 
1036 ; chiefs, 970 ; defeat, 1496 ; ex 
pedition against, 1005, 1075, 1178, 
1315, 1348, 1932; Killbuck s mes 
sage to, 1357; massacred, 2341, 
2364; speeches, 962, 970; towns, 
1455 ; towns destroyed, 1471, 1507, 
2364; war parties, 1280; warned 
against English, 970. Six Nations 
(Five Nations, Susquehannah In 
dians), attack from, 1035; atti 
tude, 678 ; British efforts with, 55, 
363; British aid to, 976; chastise 
ment, 678; chiefs or sachems, 52, 
53; letter from, 117; coalition 
against Americans, 1408; council, 
convention, conference, etc., 11, 53, 
85, 123, 125, 127, 128, 582 ; country 
of, 1015, 1042, 1350 ; chart of coun 
try, 947; deputies to, 20; distress 
for provisions, 947; distressed by 
Sullivan s expedition, 1178; expe 
dition against, 912, 913, 917, 930, 
94 5, 954, 955, 962, 966, 983, 984, 
987, 989, 1002, 1013, 1018, 1019, 
1155; feeling of security, 963; 
French speech belt, 1408; intelli 
gence, 89, 963; intentions, 887; 
messages to, 971 ; negotiations with, 
239, 326 ; neutrality, 171 ; Oneida s 
conduct toward, 1065; speeches 
and speech belt, 128, 297, 2368; 
strength, 947; success against, 
1156 ; war, 942, 2297 ; war parties, 
678, see also under Sullivan, John. 
Stockbridge, 125, 164, 178, 179, 198, 
735 ; employment of, 134, 171, 197, 
1056, 1067, 1939. Susquehannah, 
see Six Nations. Tuscaroras (Tuca- 
rowas), 582, 912, 1466, 1685; coun 
cil, 760, 1014. Wabash, 1838. 
Wyandots (Hurons), 964, 994, 
1002 ; aid from, 1059 ; alliance with 
Delawares, 1736; British efforts 
with, 1035; chiefs, 970, 1014; de- 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Indians Continued. 

feated, 1535, 1556; expedition 
against, 1507, 1932, 1958; friend 
ship, 1037 ; negotiation with, 1050 ; 
peace with, 1035; speeches and 
messages, 916, 943, 962, 970, 1014, 
1357; strength of, 1005; towns, 
965, 1411 ; war with Senecas, 1035, 
1050, 1059; parties, 1280. 
at Unandilla, 719; uneasiness of, 
1555; Vermont to aid, 2247; visit 
French army, 1466, 1495, 1502; war 
and war parties, 252, 290, 786, 943, 
1026, 1280, 1465, 1631, 1747, 2081, 
2091; Western, 129, 844; on the 
Western frontier, 120, 186; force at 
Wyoming massacre, 682. 
INDUSTRY, Merchant Sloop, 2375, 2376. 
Infantry, 495, 729, 799, 1091, 1237, 
1359; affairs, 892; alarm stations, 
1249; arrangement, 307, 1239, 2402, 
2403, 2406; arrears to, 2267; aug 
mentation of, 981, 1290; brigaded, 
2459 ; cavalry acting as, 1393 ; 

Light corps, companies, etc, 409, 
1068, 1072, 1074, 1078, 1090, 1198, 
1398, 1399, 1406, 1414, 1431, 1712, 
1726, 1800, 2204, 2242; absentees, 
1231 ; appearance, 2334 ; appoint 
ments, 1707, 1813; approbation of, 
1213 ; arms retained by, 1169 ; ar 
rangement, 1425; belts, 2194; 
British, 1902, 2057; camp, 2241; 
caps, 1646; charges against, 1135; 
clothing, 1068, 1726, 1900; coats, 
2354; command of, 850, 921, 1065, 
1429, 2287, 2320; communication 
with Horseneck, 856; company, 
2249, 2287; company strength, 
1410; completion of, 1720; con 
duct, 1598; deserters, 1790, 1794; 
detachment, 1717, 1718, 1719, 1721, 
1722, 1723, 1725, 1728, 1739, 1743; 
disobeys orders, 2249; dissolved, 
1246; equipment, 1416; formation, 
244, 1398, 1399, 1405, 1410, 1413, 
1416, 1418, 1712, 1720, 1722, 1727; 
health, 2015 ; hunting shirts or 
frocks for, 2178, 2180; improve 
ment, 1909; loss at Stony Point, 
1091 ; movements, 1199, 1484, 2199, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER-- _ 1-60 



Infantry Continued. 

2200; orders and instructions to. 
1213, 1435, 1623, 1717; pay of, 
1416 ; position of, 1196, 1203, 2204. 
2221, 2223, 2261; quartermasters 
accounts, 1361; regulations, 1068; 
returned to the army, 1905, 1200, 
1211; shoes, 1199; in the South, 
1712 ; trouble with, 1239 ; uniform, 
1068, 1131 ; value of, 1900 ; 

militia dragoons to serve as, 1409; 

officers, 60, 2459; 

regiments, 228, 263, 384, 868, 
869, 881, 1084, 1212, 1445, 1568, 
1628, 2100; 

Additional Continental regiments 
(the Sixteen), 252, 1225, 1301; 
appointments in, 244; arrange 
ment of, 729; clothing, 591, 1092; 
consolidation and incorporation 
of, 738, 971; filling, 304; officers, 
60, 293, 1280, 1297, 2459; rank in, 
400 ; recruiting, 284, 361, 370, 912 ; 
returns to show States to which 
officers and men belong, 1309; 
state of, 1291, see also under 
names of the various colonels, mz 
Forman, David. Gist, Nathaniel. 
Grayson, William. Hartley, 
Thomas. Henley, David. Jack 
son, Henry. Lee, William R. 
Malcom, William. Patton, John. 
Rawlings, Moses. Sherburne, 
Henry. Spencer, Oliver. Thrus- 
ton, Charles Minn. Warner, Seth 
and Webb, Samuel Blatchley. 

British, 151, 439, 646, 715, 728, 
786, 889, 892, 893, 985, 1014, 1025, 
1272, 1321, 1412, 1428, 1682, 1740, 
1765, 1785, 1828, 2011, 2013, 2019, 
2082, 2184, 2259, 2280, 2281, 2283, 
2284, 2285, 2441; cantonment, 
2030; captured, 2216; embarka 
tions, 996, 1312, 1546, 1591, 1633, 
2239, 2259, 2279, 2441; Hessian, 
1844, 2030; Highland, see High 
landers; list of in America, 893; 
Loyalist, 1888; movements, 1551, 
1682, 1722, 1736, 1918, 2013, 2184, 
2247; mutiny, 1897, 1909; posi 
tion, 1147, 1367, 1373, 1402, 1439, 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2641 



Infantry Continued. 

1710, 1785, 1825, 1839, 1844, 1878, 
1884-18S5, 1888. 1918, 1937, 2269, 
2274, 2280, 2281, 2283, 2284, 2285, 
2292; state of, 1825; strength, 
1666, 1700, 1884-1885, 1958, 2011, 
2019, 2281; 4th Foot, 414; 26th 
Foot, 1211; 42d Foot, 336, 1783; 
71st Foot, 189; 75th Foot, 2261; 
80th Foot, 1974; Fusileer regi 
ments, 634; the Guards, 1363; 
Scotch regiments, see Highlanders ; 
called for, 1181; cantonment of sin 
gle, 1671; change privilege, 1169; 
clothing, 458; completion, filling, 
etc., 255, 271, 272, 292, 315, 325, 328, 
565, 614, 1239, 1386, 1464, 1994, 2007, 
2028; consolidation, 1662, 1959; de 
ficiencies, 1242; discharged, 721, 
722; the eighty-eight battalions, 
243; enlistments, 2122; exchanges 
between, 1699; expiration of terms 
of service of, 464; formation, 1649, 
1999, 2401, 2460; furnish building 
material, 2309; Hessian, see under 
British sitpm; incorporation, 946, 
948, 1237, 1276, 2406 ; issues to, 1016, 
2107 ; list of, 88 ; Loyalist, see under 
British; movements, 93, 97, 1598, 
1600, 1877, 1918; needed, 1537; 
numbering of, 2279, 2288, 2296, 2297, 
2298, 2301; officers, 60, 514, 1235, 
2081, 2109, 2262, 2404, see also un 
der OflScers; orders for, 997, 1412; 
in peace establishment, 2373, 2382, 
2403; position, 307, 688, 980, 1359, 
1568, 1996, 2460; recruiting, 2314; 
reduction of, 541, 15S2 ; reenlist into 
other branches of the service, 829, 
1293, 1317; reform of, 1649, 1785, 
2264 ; regimental spirit, 293 ; regula 
tions, 940, 943; returns, 1242, 1527, 
1904, see also under Returns; roll 
call, 2163; sick, 1307, 1384, 2119; 
size, 24, 1276 ; Southern army, 1764 ; 
standards, 1016 ; State 989, see also 
under the various States, troops; 
state or condition of, 270, 515, 2411 ; 
stores, 2072; strength, 292, 1754, 
2427, 2459; vacancies, 381; wagon 
apportionment, 730, 1679. First Con- 



Infantry Continued. 

tinental, 60, 159, 213, see also Hand, 
Edward. Second Continental, 1907, 
1914, see also Reed, James. Third 
Continental, 209, see also Learned, 
Ebenezer. Fourth Continental, see 
Nixon, John, and Thomas Nixon. 
Fifth Continental, see Stark, John. 
Sixth Continental, 88, 89, see also 
Whitcomb, Asa. Seventh Continen 
tal, see Prescott, William. Eighth 
Continental, see Poor, Enoch. Ninth 
Continental, see Varnum, James 
Mitchell. Tenth Continental, see 
Parsons, Samuel Holden, and Tyler, 
John. Eleventh Continental, see 
Hitchcock, Daniel. Twelfth Conti 
nental,.,^ Little, Moses. Thirteenth 
Continental, 209, see also Read, Jo 
seph. Fourteenth Continental, 209, 
see also Glover, John. Fifteenth 
Continental, see Patterson, John. 
Sixteenth Continental, see Sargent, 
Paul Dudley. Seventeenth Conti 
nental, 208, see also Huntington, 
Jedidiah. Eighteenth Continental, 
240, see also Phinney, Edmund. 
Nineteenth Continental, 210, see also 
Webb, Charles. Twentieth Conti 
nental, see Arnold, Benedict, and 
Durkee, John. Twenty-first Conti 
nental, 186, see also Ward, Jona 
than, and; Tupper, Benjamin. Twen 
ty-second Continental, see Wyllys, 
Samuel, and Putnam, Rufus. Twen 
ty-third Continental, 209, see also 
Bailey, John. Twenty-fourth Conti 
nental, see Greaton, John. Twenty- 
fifth Continental, see Bond, William. 
Twenty-sixth Continental, 210; see 
also Baldwin, Loammi. Twenty- 
seventh Continental, see Hutchin- 
son, Israel. See also under Artillery ; 
Canadian regiments; Cavalry; Ger 
man regiment, and Invalids. 

Infection, 172, 232. 

Infirm, see Invalids. 

Infirmary, 105. 

Information, see Intelligence. 

Ink, see Secret service. 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

1065-1213 1383-1658 1879-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2642 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Innes (Innis), James, Lt. col., 15th 
Virginia regiment, 284, 285, 490; 
resignation, 677. Letters and in 
structions to, 517, 630, 677. 

Inoculation, 147, 163, 164, 172, 230, 
240, 247, 251, 256, 257, 261, 262, 263, 
264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 270, 271, 272, 
273, 275, 282, 284, 289, 290, 291, 292, 
293, 294, 297, 298, 299, 300, 310, 316, 
318, 319, 320, 324, 325, 331, 359, 410, 
500, 520, 533, 579, 584, 588, 607, 670, 
690, 905, 1702, 1714, 1758, 1759, 1760, 
1992, 20X)9, 2014, 2020, 2022, 2058; 
censure of, 520; deaths from, 2042; 
law against, 520; objection to, 907; 
order, 178; recovery from, 2032, 
2042; stoppage of, 347, 598, 599, 
2109; successful, 2026. See- also 
Smallpox. 

Inquiries, 576, 1776, 1780, 1824, 1963, 
1980, 1981, 1994, 2029, 2055, 2422; 
British, 2097. See also Courts of in 
quiry and Intelligence. 

Insolence, 1876. 

Insolvency, of the people, 1289. 

Inspection, 1267, 1326, 1791, 2378, 2379, 
2384, 2385; of arms, 328; British, 
2151; of cavalry, 1315; of horses, 
2015, 2308; of invalids, 1760, 2443, 
2444, 2445 ; of militia, 2379 ; officers, 
1592, 1723, see also Inspectors; of 
British prison ships, 1936; of pris 
oners, 1763; requested, 2202; re 
turns, 1231, 2052; surveys, 1638, 
2006, 2080, 2178 ; system, 2029. 

Inspector general and assistant inspec 
tor general, 577, 694; appointment, 
511 ; of cavalry, 894 ; of infantry, 
390; memorial of general officers 
against, 517 ; needed, 2379 ; of North 
ern army, 692. 

Inspectors and subinspectors, 612, 656, 
694, 1041, 1313, 1592, 1723; appoint 
ment, 577, 582, 584, 765, 1045, 1280; 
for beef, 2397; brigade, 656, 1015, 
1671 ; of British embarkation at New 
York, 2389; command, 1065, 2029, 
2031 ; of cavalry, 1649 ; 

department, 653, 883, 1174, 1260, 
1635, 1655, 2166; assistants, 1260; 
consolidated with muster clepart- 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER-- _ 1-60 



Inspectors and subinspectors Contd. 
ment, 1260, 1268, 1283, 2030; es 
tablishment of, 769; harmony 
with the line, 653; officers, 1428, 
1592; plan of, 723, 1428, 1548, 
1581; state of, 2320; value of, 
2167; 

division, 882 ; duties, 608, 1229, 2029, 
2030; establishment of, 582; evi 
dence as to unfit recruits, 2138 ; for 
age, 1065; of French army, 2428; 
hospital, 558; needed, 1000, 1260, 
1438, 2100 ; of Northern army, 694 ; 
pay, 1671 ; privileges, 1065 ; rank. 
1034 ; rations, 1065 ; of shoes, 2216 ; 
Southern army, 2037; for West 
Point, 1441, 1470, 1501, 1506, 1507. 

Instruction, see Orders, also Training. 

Instructors for army, 2378. 

Instruments, see Band. 

Interpreters, 2420. 

Intrigue, 173. 

Invisible ink, see Secret service. 

Intelligence (Accounts, Information, 
News, Reports, Rumors, etc. ) , 5, 8, 9, 
102, 140, 142, 143, 155, 175, 185, 200, 220, 
223, 224, 228, 252, 272, 298, 300, 308, 
318, 324, 327, 331, 334, 338, 340, 341, 
342, 344, 345, 350, 352, 355, 356, 359, 
360, 361, 363, 366, 369, 373, 375, 378, 
380, 387, 394, 396, 400, 405, 412, 433, 
437, 439, 444, 456, 457, 463, 465, 475, 
480, 485, 493, 500, 502, 516, 517, 519, 
522, 526, 527, 550, 584, 610, 615, 617, 
619, 622, 625, 626, 629, 633, 635, 636, 
637, 638, 641, 643, 644, 650, 652, 657, 
662, 664, 673, 679, 680, 683, 688, 692, 
704, 719, 720, 722, 734, 745, 748, 752, 
754, 755, 758, 764, 768, 771, 772, 774, 
775, 784, 785, 788, 790, 791, 796, 798, 
799, 800, 803, 809, 810, 811, 812, 814, 
816, 820, 822, 823, 824, 825, 827, 828, 
830, 831, 832, 833, 836, 837, 839, 841, 
849, 850, 854, 855, 861, 862, 865, 871, 
873, 876, 887, 889, 894, 895, 901, 903, 
905, 906, 910, 927, 928, 936, 942, 944, 
945, 949, 951, 954, 957, 958, 959, 971, 
974, 983, 987, 991, 1000, 1003, 1011, 
1020, 1021, 1025, 1026, 1027, 1028, 
1030, 1031, 1034, 1037, 1039, 1041, 
1046, 1051, 1052, 1053, 1055, 1057, 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2643 



Intelligence Continued. 

1059, 1060, 1062, 1064, 1065, 

1071, 1078, 1080, 1087, 1088, 

1096, 1098, 1100, 1104, 1105, 

1112, 1117, 1118, 1128, 1129, 

1143, 1150, 1151, 1152, 1160, 

1168, 1170, 1172, 1173, 1176, 

1181, 1183, 1192, 1196, 1198, 

1200, 1204, 1211, 1221, 1231, 

1244, 1245, 1248, 1249, 1250, 

1253, 1256, 1271, 1272, 1273, 

1281, 1284, 1289, 1298, 1300, 

1323, 1325, 1327, 1333, 1340, 

1342, 1343, 1346, 1347, 1348, 

1356, 1358, 1362, 1367, 1369, 

1372, 1378, 1379, 1393, 1395, 

1401, 1405, 1415, 1416, 1417, 

1427, 1428, 1429, 1430, 1431, 

1439, 1442, 1453, 1454, 1460, 

1469, 1470, 1474, 1476, 1478, 

1481, 1482, 1483, 1494, 1497, 

1504, 1513, 1522, 1523, 1534, 

1548, 1555, 1568, 1574, 1582, 

1587, 1588, 1591, 1601, 1603, 

1607, 1608, 1609, 1612, 1614, 

1619, 1623, 1625, 1627-1628, 

1633, 1638, 1640, 1644, 1646, 

1650, 1652, 1657, 1658, 1665, 

1700, 1705, 1708, 1710, 1734, 

1746, 1751, 1754, 1764, 1775, 

1784, 1785, 1787, 1806, 1807, 

1813, 1815, 1816, 1817, 1818, 

1823, 1825, 1826, 1828, 1830, 

1837, 1838, 1844, 1848, 1850, 

1862, 1864, 1870, 1875, 1879, 

1892, 1893, 1901, 1902, 1904, 

1909, 1910, 1917, 1927, 1938, 

1964, 1967, 1969, 1975, 1980, 

1985, 1992, 2004, 2005, 2006, 

2013, 2016, 2017, 2024, 2033, 

2041, 2044, 2061, 2074, 2075, 

2079, 2080, 2082, 2098, 2099, 

2124, 2126, 2129, 2136, 2146, 

2158, 2159, 2162, 2181, 2187, 

2203, 2210, 2215, 2216, 2225, 

2235, 2238, 2241, 2244-2245, 

2252, 2254, 2256, 2257, 2259, 

2267, 2269, 2270, 2273, 2274, 

2284, 2285, 2286, 2292, 2293, 

2304, 2319, 2322, 2326, 2336, 

2357, 2388, 2452; accuracy, 

1779 1780 

Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 

1065-1213 1383-1658 



1067, 
1094, 
1106, 
1137, 
1165, 
1180, 
1199, 
1232, 
1251, 
1274, 
1310, 
1341, 
1355, 
1371, 
1400, 
1420, 
1438, 
1461. 
1479, 
1501, 
1540, 
1585. 
1605, 
1615, 
1631, 
1647, 
1681, 
1743, 
1779, 
1811, 
1820, 
1834, 
1851, 
1889, 
1906, 
1962, 
1984, 
2010, 
2039, 
2076, 
2101, 
2152, 
2194, 
2227, 
2248, 
2265, 
2276, 
2299, 
2345, 
2281; 



Intelligence Continued. 

anonymous, 427, 475, 480, 1212, 1266, 
1350, 1355, 1366, 1394, 1411, 1425, 
1428, 1453, 1825, 1957, 2011, 2235, 
2292, 2424; arrangements, 890, 1315, 

1393, 2227; British, 943, 1278, 1438, 
1716, 1740, 1761, 1793, 2129, 2248; 
British actions based on, 1599 ; Brit 
ish method of obtaining, 1454 ; Brit 
ish pay for, 176; channels of, 1138, 
1203, 1349, 1359, 1432, 1750, 1942, 
1950, 2211, see also under transmis 
sion; character of, 840, 1807, 1155, 

1394, 1395, 2190, 2195; confused, 
1988; contradictory, 1650; danger, 
1169; to deceive enemy, 404, 457, 
491, 951, 1108, 1336, 1363, 1523, 1818, 
2039; from deserters, 195, 213, 379, 
380, 410, 545, 620, 737, 746, 765, 772, 
773, 774, 779, 783, 811, 814, 815, 819, 
821, 837, 862, 893, 1124, 1137, 1211, 
1239, 1397, 1563, 1636, 1730, 1731, 
1838, 1839, 1958, 2202; disbelieved, 
1371, 1887; from escaped prisoners, 
761, 776, 945, 1364, 1999; through 
exchanged officers, 248, 258; ex 
pense, 1110, 2016, 2257, 2261, 2268, 
2288, 2415; expresses for, 1902, 
2186; false, 821, 1870, 2021, 2386; 
through a flag, 1890; frequency, 
709; importance of, 763, 774, 778, 
797, 799, 802, 984, 2045, 2073, 2115, 
2362 ; Indian, 352, 912, 918, 925, 926, 
929, 947, 950, 959, 963, 965, 966, 1003, 
1357, 1529, 1838; interception of, 
226, 1780; loyalist system, 1773; 
through loyalists, 786, 2199, 2200, 
2218; money for, 296, 1779, 2278; 
naval, 134, 191, 371, 376, 704, 721, 
724, 736, 746, 755, 779, 793, 806, 810, 
1333, 1337, 1340, 1392, 1394, 1414. 
1460, 1470, 1480, 1508, 1519, 1520, 
1522, 1530, 1540, 1553, 1555, 1577, 
1605, 1624, 1625, 1737, 1739, 1759, 
1763, 1770, 1813, 1834, 1846, 1853. 
1878, 1890, 1895, 1896, 1901, 1911, 
1920, 1932, 1935, 1938, 1939, 1990, 
2048, 2186, 2190, 2197, 2200, 2206, 
2221-2222, 2226, 2236, 2237, 2239, 
2240, 2241, 2243, 2261, 2264, 2305; 
needed, desired, lack of, etc., 145, 



1781 1782 1783 

Pages Pages Pages 

1658-1879 2014-2160 2312-2412 

1879-2014 2160-2312 2412-2460 



2644 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Intelligence Continued. 

382, 663, 668, 679, 692, 712, 721, 
739, 745, 746, 748, 756, 795, 846, 855, 
890, 1044, 1120, 1127, 1149, 1152, 
1157, 1158, 1162, 1163, 1176, 1208, 
1312, 1330, 1349, 1379, 1407, 1417, 
1422, 1442, 1447, 1505, 1555, 1570, 
1574, 1576, 1596, 1600, 1720, 1727, 
1740, 1789, 1808, 1834, 1844, 1892, 
1893, 1909, 1931, 1933, 1953, 1954. 
1960, 2016, 2041, 2065, 2084, 2086, 
2147, 2186, 2203, 2217, 2225, 2236, 
2246, 2253, 2262, 2265, 2266, 2268, 
2309, 2412, 2457; obtaining of, 230, 
259, 311, 331, 356, 379, 414, 434, 449, 
458, 582, 583, 627, 659, 663, 713, 714, 
715, 722, 724, 727, 734, 737, 742, 748, 
749, 780, 781, 783, 796, 801, 803, 808, 
845, 855, 856, 857, 862, 864, 875, 902, 
908, 920, 935, 938, 960, 983, 990, 1037, 
1049, 1056, 1095, 1105, 1108, 1134, 1266, 
1273, 1281, 1345, 1346, 1363, 1410, 
1420, 1454, 1461, 1482, 1552, 1606, 
1650, 1756, 1781, 1904, 1958, 1971, 
2008, 2018, 2052, 2132, 2191, 2195, 
2206, 2224, 2237, 2276, 2277, 2288, 
2292, 2363, 2415; difficulty in ob 
taining, 671, 717, 726, 737, 757, 762, 
772, 785, 822, 829, 836, 910, 948, 1298, 
1531, 1545, 1556, 1750, 1760, 1910, 
1947, 2126, 2199, 2206, 2230, 2253, 
2267, 2321; perplexing, 1844; from 
prisoners, 356, 357, 545, 788, 1285. 
1364, 1900, 2126, 2202; publication 
of, 808; publication of false, 2386; 
reliability, 1730; route of, 1937; 
from seamen, 1540; sources of, 182; 
stoppage, discontinuance, etc., of, 
1325, 1584, 1592, 1851, 2014; sup 
pression of, 2357; suspected, 1860; 
system, 318, 1376, 1460, 1485; tabu 
lation of, 853; transmission of, 3, 
262, 318, 373, 378, 553, 658, 666, 
672, 704, 714, 737, 751, 805, 806, 816, 
819, 846, 855, 887, 905, 909, 1019, 
1053, 1054, 1105, 1151, 1177, 1263, 
1312, 1376, 1384, 1403, 1411, 1416, 
1443, 1469, 1476, 1478, 1536, 1537, 
1574, 1589, 1727, 1846, 1853, 1885, 
1887, 1902, 1908, 1920, 1936, 1971, 
2054, 2066, 2074, 2086, 2115, 2123, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY DECEMBER 160 



Intelligence Continued. 

2126, 2191, 2206, 2222, 2231, 2233, 
2236, 2268, 2278, 2284, 2290, 2291, 
2293, 2316; value of, 2282, 2285; 
verification of, 776, 1207, 1490, 1606 ; 
written, 1820. 

Intercepted letters, see Letters. 
Intercourse with enemy, 10, 11, 82, 
498, 502, 505, 525, 533, 539, 551, 552, 
578, 598, 612, 773, 806, 874, 902, 1223, 
2069, 2170, 2186, 2189, 2300, 2352; 
British request, 2372, 2373; preven 
tion, suppression, etc., 105, 506, 508, 
533, 589, 884, 900, 1113, 1201, 1204, 
1217, 1233, 1347, 1765, 2068, 2151, 
2156, 2290. See also Trade. 
Intrenching tools, see Tools. 
Intrenchments, see Fortifications. 
Invalid corps or regiment, 644. 1642, 
1674, 1760, 2252, 2273, 2275, 2317, 
2364; admittance to, 2208, 2335; 
bounty, 1158; claim to support, 
2277; classification of, 2264; clothing 
needed, 761; conduct, 662, 663, 669; 
difficulties, 1918 ; dismissal, 2277 ; es 
tablishment of, 348 ; examination of 
the, 2264; expense, 2287; formation 
of, 2277; guard duty, 710; duty at 
hospitals, 498; increase of, 710; in 
spection, 1760; management, 2287; 
movements, 1609, 1864, 1865, 1866, 
1872, 1873, 1898, 1902, 1912, 1913, 
2318; 

officers, 2137; appeal, 2450; let 
ter to commanding, 1865; on com 
mutation of life half pay to five 
years full pay, 2380, 2381, 2385; 
condition, 2443, 2446; inspection, 
2402, 2405, 2443, 2444, 2445; non 
commissioned, 2247 ; memorial, 
2443, 2444; needed, 497; retire 
ment, 2402; letters from, 2402, 
2443; 

pay, 1738, 1897, 1898, 1900, 1903, 
2361; plan for raising, 368; posi 
tion, 1865, 1917, 1918, 2113, 2252; 
provisions lost, 2318 ; reorganization, 
2277 ; returns, 1902, 1912, 1917, 2009, 
2124, 2137, 2247, 2276; services, 
2277, 2287; state of, 1872, 1912, 
2137, 2251-2252, 2264, 2287; thefts, 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2645 



Invalid corps or regiment Continued. 
598, 600; transfers to, 1451, 1760; 
uneasiness, 1903 ; Washington s ef 
forts in behalf of, 2287. See also 
Xicola, Lewis. ( 

Invalids (disabled men, etc.), 131, 
2137, 2145, 2333, 2446, 2453 ; British, 
459, 2119, 2307; classification of, 
2264; clothing, 1921, 2072; condition 
of, 1921 ; discharge of, 28, 128, 1634, 
2417, 2434, 2438; French, 1869; 
guards, 312, 313 ; returned to hos 
pital, 622 ; imposed on mustermas- 
ters, 2264 ; incapable of garrison 
duty, 2108; indulgence of. 2139; in 
spection of, 1326, 2440; muster of, 
2138; pay, 1326; pensions, 2448; 
provisions for, 2449 ; smallpox, 2110 ; 
situation of, 2137 ; transportation, 
2449; treatment of, 2180; as wag 
oners, 841. 

Invasions, militia to repel, 2385. 

Invoices, sec Returns. 

Ireland, Robert, Horse-shoer, of Tren 
ton Falls, 334. 

Ireland, 2393; British reenforcements 
from, 374; British transport fleet 
from, 1402; inhabitants feeling on 
peace, 2341; insurrection and dis 
turbances in, 391, 1379. 2326. 

IRIS, British frigate, 1359. 

Irish, Nathaniel, Deputy commissary 
general, military stores, Southern 
department, 2072, 2223. Letter from, 
2222. 

Irish brigade, British army, 1383. 

Iron, 213, 513, 1535, 1759. 

Iron furnaces, see Furnaces. 

Irvine, James, Col., 9th and 2d Penn 
sylvania regiments, 270; command, 
257, 261; opinions, 486, 491, 495. 
Letters from, 265, 486, 491. Letter 
to, 319. Regiment, 319. 

Irvine (Irwin), Matthew, Deputy com 
missary of issues, Continental army, 
231. Letter to, 259. 

Irvine, William, Col, 6th and 7th 
Pennsylvania regiments, 100, 101, 
126, 425, 454, 463, 1033, 1043, 1063, 
1097, 1107, 1356, 1373, 1510, 1590, 
1861, 2060, 2106, 2116; leave of ab 
sence, 1247, 2263, 2295 ; efforts with 



Irvine, William Continued. 

Pennsylvania legislature, 1861; In 
dian expedition, 2187, 2263, 2295; 
opinion on attacking, New York, 
1382; opinion in council of war, 
1099, 1385, 1519, 1589, 1593 ; opinion 
on the situation, 1035, 1510; rank, 
907, 1018, 1386 ; on the Sandusky ex 
pedition, 2124. Letters from, 907, 
1018, 1035, 1099, 1213, 1215, 1218, 
1221, 1222, 1385, 1448, 1450, 1452, 
1519, 1593, 1683, 1861, 1874, 1999, 
2031, 2061, 2090, 2104, 2123, 2149, 
2161, 2172, 2263, 2353, 2362, 2374, 
2387, 2433. Letters and instructions 
to, 96, 638, 1207, 1212, 1213, 1214, 
1218, 1221, 1247, 1449, 1704, 1868, 
1986, 2006, 2008, 2037, 2038, 2051, 
2054, 2065, 2124, 2146, 2168, 2187, 
2295, 2373, 2433. Regiment, 96. 

Irving, Thomas, Royal receiver gen 
eral of quit rents, South Carolina, 
204. 

Irwin, John, Deputy commissary gen 
eral of issues, Western department, 
1241. 

Irwin, Matthew, see Irvine. 

Isle aux Noix (Lake Champlain), 152. 
865, 1842; British at, 162, 322, 631, 
806, 1180, 2236, 2252, 2259; fortify 
ing of, 14 ; holding of, 133 ; Indians 
at, 912; post at, 129; retreat from, 
139; retreat to, 104; road to Cham- 
blee, 162. 

Isle Motte (Lake Champlain), 181. 

Isle of Orleans (St Lawrence river), 
1115. 

Issues, 337, 596, 658, 666, 786, 788, 792, 
823, 850, 865, 902, 904, 924, 928, 937, 
965, 1005, 1013, 1016, 1056, 1058, 
1092, 1103, 1125, 1136, 1138, 1151, 
1161, 1178, 1205, 1265, 1352, 1396. 
1410, 1440, 1454, 1461, 1481, 1482, 
1499, 1516, 1524, 1527, 1528, 1529, 
1563, 1573, 1613, 1634, 1635, 1644, 
1645, 1658, 1661, 1678, 1679, 1680, 
1682, 1699, 1706. 1723, 1761, 1815, 
1827, 1857, 1861, 1988, 1993, 1999, 
2013, 2015, 2057, 2067, 2068, 2091, 
2096, 2102, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2112, 
2147, 2187, 2221, 2292, 2300, 2315, 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Issues Continued. 

2320, 2322, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2330, 2348, 
2356, 2367, 2395, 2410, 2432; abuses, 
1645 ; accounting, 2127 ; auditors on, 
2221, 2222; British, 1363, 2167; 
camp, 992 ; care in, 775 ; commissary. 
see Commissary of Issues; com 
plaints, 2118; contract, 2081, 2104, 
2108, 2134, 2135, 2139, 2160, 2168, 
2221, 2228, 2319, 2327, 2343, 2396, 
2397, 2399; discrimination in, 1015, 
1205; extravagance in, 1499; indefi 
nite, 2081; irregularities, 992; in 
spector needed, 2100; instructions, 
2022; investigation of, 1206, 1675, 
1686; orders, 831, 1509, 1712, 2078; 
post, 1908, 2118 ; refused, 2048 ; regu 
lation, 260, 1489, 1493, 1622; re 
turns, 983, 1518; to staff employees, 
992; stoppage and suspension, 1310, 
1600, 1994, 2026; suspicions of, 
1676; system, 2127, 2134, 2135. 

Itch, see Disease. 



J. 



Jackets, see Clothing. 

Jackson, Henry, Col., Additional Con 
tinental regiment; 16th and 9th 
Massachusetts regiments, 1224, 2190, 
2349, 2398; answers to queries in 
Huddy case, 2088; court of inquiry 
on, 948; rank, 1265. Letters from. 
665, 1249, 2152, 2183, 2185, 2194, 
2310, 2317, 2318, 2350. Letters to, 
233, 257, 656, 691, 829, 881, 948, 1108, 
1194, 1225, 1252, 2151, 2184, 2185, 
2190, 2307, 2311, 2403, 2455. Regi 
ment, 233, 282, 311, 360, 395, 396, 
473, 656, 661, 667, 673, 738, 747, 878, 
881, 882, 948, 995, 1194, 1225, 1249, 
1276, 1394, 1571 ; band, 884, 903. 

Jackson, John, Lt., Jackson s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 829. 

Jackson, Michael, Col., 8th and 3d 
Massachusetts regiments, 1238, 1244, 
2406, 2460; answers to queries in 
Huddy case, 2088; charges against. 
648; conduct and court of inquiry 
on, 939. Letters from, 904, 906, 1277, 
2452, 2453. Letters to, 904, 1281, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER.- _ 1-60 



Jackson, Michael Continued. 

2203, 2334, 2403. Regiment, 906, 925, 
939, 2403, 2412, 2414, 2430. 

Jackson, Thomas Frederick, Lt., 2d 
Continental dragoons, 1621, 1627. 

Jackson, William, I/a/., asst. secretary 
at war, Letter to, 2447. 

Jacobs, James, 154. 

Jacobs, John, Lt. col., 23d Continental 
Infantry; l)Hg. gen., Massachusetts 
militia, brigade, 1452 ; regiment, 209. 

Jacques Cartier (Canada), 98. 

Jamaica (Long Island), 184, 1451. 

Jamaica (West Indies), attack on, 877; 
British ships and troops for, 764, 880, 
884, 1395, 1482, 2116, 2277; British 
ships lost at, 1314; captured, 827, 
831 ; letter to commander of French 
expedition against, 2157 ; French loss 
of opportunity to capture, 1604 ; hur 
ricane, 1585; intelligence from, 1585, 
2079; loss of, 826; mortality among 
British, 1585. 

James, Jacob, Capt., Chester county, 
Pennsylvania, light dragoons, British 
Provincial troops, 551. 

James, Sarah, Wife of Allen James, of 
South Kingston, Rhode Island, Letter 
from, 1921. 

James Island (North Edisto River, 
South Carolina), 1267. 

James River (Virginia), 1795, 1888, 
1950, 1993 ; falls of, 1621. 

Jameson, John, Maj., 1st and 2d; It. 
col., 2d Continental dragoons, 512, 

1534, 1581, 2299; leave of absence, 
540, 2315; court-martial, 593; needs 
horses, 1527 ; needs money, 513 ; 
popularity, 794; position, 1512; re 
grets sending note to Arnold, 1551. 
Letters to, 513. 540, 5S3, 676, 1498, 

1535, 1540, 1551, 1558, 1580, 1591, 
2304, 2332. Letters and instructions 
to, 435, 505, 516, 525, 539, 548, 567, 
592, 1497, 1521, 1546. Regiment, 
1880, 2304. 

Jamestown (Virginia), 1949. 
Jamestown ford (Virginia), skirmish, 

1888, 1895. 
Jansen Elizabeth (Mrs.), 2220. Letter 

from, 2217. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2647 



Jarvis, Hezekiah, Loyalist, Letter to, 
188. 

Jarvis, Nathaniel, Capt., Jackson s Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, Let 
ter from, 736. Letter to, 648. 

Jarvis, Mrs., 850. 

Jaimcey, - Mrs. James, jr. (Eleanor 
Elliot), 2453, 2454. 

Jay, John, Member, New York Conven 
tion committee for detecting con 
spiracies; President, Continental 
Congress, 943. Letter from, 131. 

Jay, Sir James, artillery experiments, 
1318, 1323; laboratory for, 1328. 
Letters from, 1231, 1530, 1541, 2173, 
2175. Letter to, 1302. 

J. B., Alias of American spy; former 
officer in a Refugee corps, British 
provincial troops, 2218, 2293. Letters 
from, 2215, 2217. 

Jealousy, 144, 173, 250, 626, 1753, 2451. 

Jean Baptist (Ogaghsagighte), Caugh- 
nawaga sachem, 71. 

Jefferson, Thomas, Governor of Vir 
ginia, 1037, 1325, 1395, 1496, 1689. 
Letter from, 1305. 

Jenkins, John, Lt., Wyoming Valley 
company, 967. 

Jennings, Simeon, Lt., 2d Rhode Island 
regiment, orders to, 556. 

JENNY, British brig, 1637. 

JENNY, British ship, 194. 

JERSEY, British prison-ship, 2153 ; 
treatment of prisoners on, 1703, 1704. 

Jerseys, see New Jersey. 

Jesuits, 45. 

Jetson, , 619. 

Jewett, Dummer, Agent for purchase 
of arms, 87. 

Jimat, , Colonel, 1340, 1341. 

J. O., British spy, Letter from, 2129. 

Joel, Benjamin Edgar, Former capt., 
British navy?, 1364; introduced to 
Washington, 1360. Letters from, 
1412, 1444. Letter to, 1454. 

Johannot, Peter, of Boston, Letter to, 
81. 

JOHN, Hudson River sloop, 1446. 

Johnny, see Captain Johnny. 

John s Island (North Edisto s river, 
South Carolina), 1252, 2024-2025. 



Johnson, Benjamin, Capt., 18th Foot, 
British army, 2167. 

Johnson, David, 2038. 

Johnson, Guy, Col. and supt. of affairs 
of the Six Nations and other North 
ern Indians, 1, 3, 55, 744, 1925, 1932. 
Letter from, 2. 

Johnson, Henry, Letter from, 1088. 

Johnson, Jacob, Clergyman, Letter 
from, 1868. 

Johnson, John, Capt., 1st and 5th New 
York regiments, 166, 1404 ; orders to, 
145, 149. 

Johnson, Sir John, Lt. col., King s 
Royal regiment of New York, British 
provincial troops, 7, 105, 111, 113, 
114, 117, 121, 160, 195, 344, 1011, 
1792 ; address of, 395 ; arrest of, 106, 
108; boats for, 112; cooperation 
with British, 1154; destroys Caugh- 
nawaga, 1352; efforts with Indians, 
239, 363, 2230 ; escape of, 111 ; inten 
tions of, 114 ; military skill of, 1584 ; 
movements, 201, 202, 2269; papers 
of, 113; raid in Mohawk Valley, 
1320, 2247; strength, 378, 1544; 
sends out Indian expeditions, 2165; 
speech to the Indians, 2252; Ver 
mont to aid, 2247. Letter from, 109. 
Letters to, 106, 107. Regiment, 1026. 
1037. 

Johnson, John, South Carolina agent 
to recover property from the British, 
2395. 

Johnson, Jonathan, Capt., Bradley s 
Connecticut regiment; It. col., 5th 
and 2d Connecticut regiments, 211, 
934, 2300. Letters from, 1285, 1392. 
Letters to, 1285, 1397. 

Johnson, J , 1556. 

Johnson, Lady Mary, Wife of Sir 
John Johnson, 113, 122, 126, 127, 
232. Letter to, 106. 

Johnson, Martin, Pilot, of Stanford, 
New York, 685. Letter to, 1147. 

Johnson, Obediah, Lt. col., Connecticut 
militia, and Ward s Connecticut 
state regiment, 801. Letter from, 
596. 

Johnson, Reuben. Ensign, 1st Rhode 
Island regiment, 2122, 2139, 2144. 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Johnson, Thomas, Capt.? or col.f, Ver 
mont militia, 2039, 2048, 2134; cap 
tured, 1827; character, 2133; corre 
spondence with the enemy, 2053, 
2079, 2132, 2133; exchange, 2053, 
2133, 2145, 214G, 2175; intelligence 
through, 1992, 2000, 2146; parole, 
1963; position, 2053, 2079, 2133. 
Letters from, 86, 2047, 2132, 2133, 
2175, 2237. Letters to, 2039, 2088, 
2146. 

Johnson, Thomas, Governor of Mary 
land, Letter /rom, 1014. 

Johnson, Willoughby, Private, 1st North 
Carolina regiment, 371. 

Johnson, , 2090. 

Johnson Hall (New York), 111, 113, 
173, 872. 

Johnston, Francis, Col., 5th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 270, 1055, 1128 ; com 
ment on consolidation, 1662. Letters 
from, 391, 408, 646, 1384, 1390, 1396. 
1416, 1424, 1469. Letters to, 1285, 
1380, 1393, 1442. Regiment, 391. 

Johnston, George, Maj., 5th Virginia 
regiment; It. col. and aide to Wash 
ington, 232. Letters from, 268, 284, 
290, 291, 295, 296, 313, 322, 323. 
Drafts and copies by, 238, 240, 241, 
243, 245, 247, 249, 251, 252, 253, 255, 
257, 258, 259, 260, 263, 266, 267, 270, 
271, 272, 275, 283, 284, 286, 287, 293, 
294 295, 296, 299, 301, 302, 306, 316. 

Johnston, James, Paymaster, 2d Penn 
sylvania regiment; auditor of ac 
counts, Continental army, 1793. Let 
ters from, 736, 1080. Letters to, 789, 
960, 1763. 

Johnston, John, Capt.-lt., Knox s ar 
tillery, 178. 

Johnston, John, Clerk, to David Dun 
can, 1878. 

Johnston, William, Cayuga f Indian, 
886, 896. 

Johnstone, George, Former Royal gov 
ernor of West Florida; member of 
Parliament and peace commissioner 
to the United States, Letters to, 646, 
648. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JCXE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER. _ _ 1-60 



Johnstown (New York), 2237, 2244; 
blockhouse near, 995; conditions at, 
1793; Highlanders at, 106; Indian 
treaty at, 582; post at, 2105; skir 
mish, 1984, 1991, 1992, 1995, 1998; 
troops at, 847, 2260. 

Johwes, Timothy, of Morristoicn, 222. 

Jones, Abel, Private, 9th Massachusetts 
regiment, 2152. Letter from, 2151. 

Jones, Cadwalader, Capt., 3d Conti 
nental dragoons, 1718, 1771. Letters 
from, 825, 1717. Letter to, 1755. 

Jones, Daniel, Maj. gen., British army, 
615, 644. Letter from, 643, 893, 894. 

Jones, David, Brigade chaplain, 1013, 
1018. 

Jones, Elijah, Private, 9th Continental 
Infantry, 188. 

Jones, Evan, of Pensacola, 1810, 1830. 

Jones, James, Surgeon s mate, 6th 
Pennsylvania regiment, 1018. 

Jones, John, 529. 

Jones, John Paul, Capt., Continental 
navy, 703, 1721; Admiralty s ques 
tions, 1725 ; his answers, 1749 ; cap 
tures the Drake, 674 ; conduct, 1725, 
1762 ; opinion on reenforcement from 
France, 173; on a marine establish 
ment, 1818 ; sends epaulettes to Wash 
ington, 703; successes, 632. Letter 
from, 1818. Letter to, 1830. 

Jones, Llewellyn, Capt., 1st Continental 
dragoons, 641. 

Jones, Samuel, Former capt., 3d Mary 
land regiment, 1452. 

Jones, Strother, Capt., Grayson s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, Letter 
to, 317. 

Jones, Thomas, Deputy field commis 
sary military stores, southern de 
partment, 1652, 1974, 1990. Letter 
to. 1982. 

Jones, Valentine, Maj. gen., British 
army and commandant of New York 
City, 615, 644. 

Jones, William, Private, Malcom s Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, 622. 

Jones, Willie. North Carolina delegate. 
Continental Congress, 1467. 

Jones, , 1345, 1346. 1352. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2649 



Jordan, John, Capt., Flower s Artil 
lery-artificer regiment, Letter from, 
1485. 

Jordan, Nicholas, Indian interpreter, 
700. 

Joseph, Peter, 974. 

Josiah, Jarnes, Lt., and capt., Conti 
nental navy, 172, 174, 471. 

Journals of Congress, see Congress, 
journals. 

J. T., American spy, 636, 2293. 

Judge advocate (Judge advocate gen 
eral), 675, 1875, 1878, 2225; assist 
ants, 11; conduct of, 2317, 2323, 
2324, 2325; charges against, 2328, 
2349; duties, 11, 2338, 2348; needed. 
2131; pa<y, 11; resignation of, 2131, 
2135; vacancy, 2225; deputy in 
Western department, 1921, 1926, 
1932, 1942, 1943, 1955. See also Ed 
wards, Thomas; Laurance, John; 
and Tudor, William. 

Junk, 119. 

Justice, 1021. 

Justices of the peace, 1689, 1772, 1778, 
1839, 2094. 



K. 



Kakiat (New Hempstead, Queen s 
county, New York), 1090, 2125. 

Kalb, Henry Jules Alexandre von Ro- 
baii, Baron de, Maj. gen., Continen 
tal army, 502, 613, 631, 694, 710, 724, 
730, 731, 740, 769, 796, 917, 972, 986, 
1033, 1034, 1043, 1063, 1093, 1097, 
1107, 1275, 1288, 1502 ; death of, 1500. 
1564; movements, 683, 781, 812, 876, 
1045, 1296, 1328, 1369, 1380; objec 
tions to a court-martial, 757; opin 
ion in answer to queries, 1045 ; opin 
ion on attacking Philadelphia, 486, 
494; opinion in council of war, 725, 
1099, 1291; opinion on winter cam 
paign, 494; opinion on winter quar 
ters, 491, 733, 802 ; orders issued by, 
709; promotion, 513. Letters from, 
486, 494, 504, 867, 915, 1069, 1099, 
1273, 1274, 1281, 1283, 1285, 1291, 
1328, 1369, 1380. Letters, instruc 
tions, and orders to, 475, 578, 604, 



Kalb, Henry Jules Alexandre von Ro- 
baii, Baron de Continued. 
683, 739, 750, 754, 758, 791, 792, 799, 
810, 812, 819, 853, 857, 863, 874, 876, 
1022, 1045, 1046, 1073, 1216, 1264, 
1272, 1276, 1281, 1283, 1284, 1296, 
1299, 1377, 1442. 

Kalkowski, Comte, 847. 

Kanhawa, 1050. 

Kannicut, , see Kennicutt, L . 

Kattskill, see Catskill. 

Kearsley, Samuel, Capt., nth Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 286, 976, 987, 1076; 
resignation, 989, 994, 1070. Letters 
from, 989, 1049. Letters to, 994, 
1070. 

Kechlein, Andrew, Col., Pennsylvania 
militia, Orders to, 222. 

Kechlien, - , Lt. col., Hessian f 
troops, 903. 

Keeler, Ebenezer, Sergt., Woodbridge s 
Massachusetts regiment, 32. 

Keese, John, Maj., asst. deputy quar 
termaster, Letters from, 1653, 1778. 

Kegs, 929. 

Keil, Christopher, Private, Thomas 
New York militia regiment, 188. 

Keith, Israel, Maj., aide to Heath, 624. 

Keith, James, Maj., 8th Massachusetts 
regiment, 1856, 2090, 2145; answers 
to queries in Huddy case, 2088; ar 
rest and trial, 2186, 2188, 2190. Let 
ter to, 2186. 

Keith, William, 216. 

Kellogg, Judah, Justice of the peace 
and selectman, Cornwall, New York, 
2131. 

Kellogg, Moses, Capt., Ward s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 61. 

Kelly, William, Lt. and Adj., 4th Vir 
ginia regiment, 1021. 

Kelso Ferry, (Susquehanna river. 
Pennsylvania), 986. 

Kemble, Stephen, Lt. col., deputy adj. 
gcnl., British army in America, Let 
ters from, 1126, 1148. Letter to, 207. 

Kemp, John, Master, flag sloop " Co- 

hansey," 2291. 

Kemper, Daniel, Asst., clothier general, 
Letter from, 585. Letters to, 655, 
932, 1055. 



1779 

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894-1 OG5 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Kemper, Jacob. Capt.-lt., 2d Conti 
nental artillery, orders to, 1868. 

Kendall, Waffeiidal, Capt., 5th Vir 
ginia regiment, 232. 

Kennebec River (Maine), 29. 

Kennedy, Archibald, Former capt., 
British navy, Letter to, 531. 

Kennedy, James, 157. 

Kennedy, Primrose, Capt., 44th Foot, 
British army, 227. 

Kennedy, Robert, Private, 8th Vir 
ginia regiment, 1051. 

Kenney (Kinney), Abraham, Lt., 2d 
Continental dragoons, arrest, 2335, 
2339, 2342, 2355; charges against, 
2348, 2352, 2387. Letter from, 2335. 
Letter to, 2351. 

Kennicutt (Kannicut, Kenecut), L , 

American spy, 1551, 1556, 1781. 

Kent, Simon, 1821. 

Kent county (Delaware), 510, 556; 
tories in, 413, 601. 

Kentfield, Sliem, Private, 1st New 
Hampshire regiment, 2121. 

Kentuckians, fight with Indians, 2419, 
2421. 

Kentucky, 942, 1345; British expedi 
tion against, 1574; Indian victories 
in, 1408. 

Keppel, Augustus, Viscount, AdmL, 
Commander-in-chief, British navy, 
action off Ushant, 755, 763, 790, 795, 
799, 848; his account of battle off 
Ushant, 700; his letter, 799. Letter 
from, 700. 

Kerr, Bezaleel, Loyalist merchant?, 
New York, Letter from, 1026. 

Kettles, camp, 189, 227, 300, 395, 410, 
534, 569, 580, 732, 806, 828, 1224, 
1435, 1441, 1679, 1713, 2102, 2360. 

Key, Robert, Private, Angel s Rhode 
Island regiment, 275, 279. 

Keyes, Stephen, Lt., 10th Continental 
Infantry, Letter from, 55. 

Keys, Zachariah, Surgeon s mate, Spen 
cer s brigade, memorial, 134. 

Kidd, James, Lt., Smalhvood s Mary 
land regiment, 201. 

Kidnappers, 1677. 

Kidney fat or suet, dispute, 2054, 2067, 
2081, 2087, 2108, 2111, 2117, 2118. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-GO 



Kiers (Keas), E. W., Asst. deputy 
quartermaster general, Letter from, 
1086. 

Kierse, Edward William, Capt., asst. 
deputy quartermaster general, Letter 
to, 1564. 

Killbuck, Captain John (known also 
as Colonel Henry), Delaware chief, 
918, 1471; character, 1736; friend 
ship, 922, 925, 943, 1408 ; sends mes 
sages to Wyandots and Shawanoes, 
1357; speech, 911, 922, 943. Letters 
from, 912, 916, 943, 945, 1408, 1496, 
1736. Letters to, 925, 1037. 

Killed, 414, 672, 847, 1154, 1457, 2209; 
French, 1761, 1987; officers, 1490, 
1801; returns, 927, 1082, 1083, 1091, 
1251, 1370, 1372, 1694, 1802, 1829, 
1866, 1890, 1969, 1985, 1992, 2158. 
See also Losses. 

Kimmell, Michael, Capt., 5th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 646. 

Kinds, John, 1986. 

King, George, Agent, New Hampshire 
committee of safety, Letter from, 63. 

King, John, Capt., merchant vessel, 
2457. 

King, John, jr., Private, Malcom s Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, 622, 
647, 648. 

King, Jonathan, Surgeon, 4th Massa 
chusetts regiment, 535. 

King, Joseph, Former adj., 4th New 
Jersey; paymaster, Baldwin s arti 
ficers, Letters from, 1685, 2208. 

King, Samuel, Capt., 10th Massachu 
setts regiment, 1114. 

King, Thomas, 191. 

King, William, Private, 1st New York 
regiment, 1852, 1853, 1854. 

King, title proposed to Washington, 
2125. 

King s American dragoons, see under 
Thompson, Benjamin. 

King s County (New York), 2292; loy 
alist militia, 1276. 

King s Ferry (Hudson river, New 
York), 677, 685, 690, 764, 802, 1172, 
1375, 1421, 1434, 1443, 1481, 1492, 
1517, 1524, 1663, 1881, 2050, 2206, 
2207, 2307, 2347, 2348; attack on 

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2651 



King s Ferry Continued. 

posts at, 1502; blockhouse, 1568; 
boats and boat movements, 778, 780, 
1429, 1503, 1506, 1562, 1925; British 
advance toward, 762; British at, 
875; British fleet at, 1051; cannon 
at, 1190, 1562; cattle stopped at, 
1451, 1458, 1460, 1463, 1467, 1469; 
command at, 2320 ; crane ordered to, 
1515, 1516; express line to Boston, 
2192; ferrymen, 1461; flour, 1451, 
1491, 1603; fortification at, 893, 976. 
1161, 1183, 1568; garrison, 1192, 
1576, 1649 ; guard, 246, 864, 872, 875, 
1368, 1669, 2146; impassable, 2324; 
junction of troops at, 1622; maga 
zine, 2145; oflicers at, 783, 2032. 
2307, 2308; provisions, 1683; provi 
sions stopped at, 1443; road, 811, 
841; seized, 1067; stores, 1355, 1562, 
1568; troops ordered to, 1926. See 
also Stony Point and Verplanck s 
Point. 

King s light dragoons, see Army, 
French. 

King s Mountain (North Carolina), 
British defeat, 1590, 1608. 

King s Royal Regiment of New York, 
see Johnson, Sir John. 

Kingsberry, Asa, Surgeon s mate, 4th 
Continental Infantry, memorial, 134. 

Kingsborough township (New York), 
ravages in, 1591. 

Kingsbridge (New York), 202, 208, 
238, 242, 400, 753, 756, 787, 803, 1114, 
1510, 1551, 1877; attacks, attempts 
and enterprises against, 328, 369, 
374, 1115, 1187, 1192,1844,1879, 1880, 
1881, 1882, 1890, 2283, 2289, 2291- 
2292, 2297; British at, troop move 
ments around and from, etc., 819, 
339, 378, 380, 385, 698, 753, 654, 791, 
796, 801, 812, 815, 822, 825, 834, 839, 
841, 850, 931, 989, 1027, 1037, 1038, 
1172, 1176, 1340, 1367, 1428, 1569, 
1844, 1863, 1873, 1879, 1888, 1891, 
2122, 2135, 2161, 2281, 2289; British 
fortifications, 1806, 1831, 2281, 2289; 
British post at, 374, 2346; fortifica 
tions, 167, 173, patriot inhabitants 
near, 1456; destruction of roads to, 



Kingsbridge Continued. 

182 ; troop movement at and around, 

183, 238, 489, 645, 694, 699, 1426. 

1608, 1617, 1844, 1881. 
Kingston, Robert, Lt., 28th Foot, Brit 
ish army, 530. 
Kingston (New York), 2274; burned. 

443; routes to the Delaware and 

Anaquaga, 957; routes to Unaquaga 

and Tioga, 986, 987. 
Kinloch (Kimloch), Cleland, of 

Charleston, S. C., 2332. Letter from, 

2309. Letter to, 2312. 
Kinnan, Peter, Asst. deputy quarter 
master, Bergen county, New Jersey, 

192. Letter from, 1766. 
Kinney, Abraham, see Kenny. 
Kinsey, James, Attorney, Burlington, 

N. J., Letter from, 1294. 
Kinsey, Mootry, 1621. 
Kirk, Robert, Lt., Gist s Additional 

Continental regiment, 1134. 
Kirkbride, Joseph, County lieutenant, 

Bucks county, Pennsylvania; col. of 

militia, Letter from, 663. Letters to, 

222, 235, 602, 661. 
Kirkland, Samuel, Missionary to Oneida 

Indians, Letter from, 239. 
Kirkpatrick, David, C apt. -It., Sappers 

and Miners, 2016. 
Kirkwood, Robert, Capt., 1st Delaware 

regiment, Letters from, 2353, 2370. 

Letters to, 2314, 2359. 
Kisselman, Fred. Letter to, 1025. 
Kittanning (Kittaning, Pennsylvania), 

952, 978, 1000. 
Kittredge, Thomas, Surgeon, Frye s 

Massachusetts regiment, 32. 
Kizlebauch, George, Hessian deserter, 

1025. 

Kleinsmitt, Wilhelm, Capt., Pennsyl 
vania German volunteers, Letter 

from, 887. 
Klock, Jacob, Col., New York militia, 

841, 847. Letter from, 842. 
Knap (Knapp), Moses, Maj., llth 

Massachusetts regiment, 2331, 2334. 

Letters from, 1293, 2347. Letters to, 

1317, 2347. 
Knapp, John, Clerk, Maryland House 

of Delegates, 1701. 



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Knapsacks, 1852, 2032, 2102. 

Knight, John, Royal surveyor, Letter 
from, 63, 198. Letter to, 69. 

Knight, John, Asst. commissary of 
issues, 1041. 

Knight, John, Surgeon s mate, 7th Vir 
ginia regiment, 2146; account of 
death of Col. Crawford, 2172. 

Kuobelauch, Baron de, Colonel, me 
morial of, 707. Letters from, 725, 
930. Letter to, 936. 

Knoulton (Knowlton), Luke, Judge 
and town clerk, Neivfane, Vermont, 
arrest, 2294, 2301, 2302, 2304, 2305, 
2315, 2355 ; warned, 2315, 2348. 

Knowlton, Thomas, May., 20th Conti 
nental Infantry, 149. 

Knox, George, Deputy asst. commis 
sary of issues, Letter from, 1683. 

Knox, Henry, Col., brig. gen. and chief 
of artillery; may. gen. and com- 
mander-in-chicf of the army from 
Dec. 23, 1783; secretary-general, So 
ciety of the Cincinnati, 44, 52, 53, 55, 
73, 76, 81, 99, 108, 122, 155, 196, 309, 
342, 361, 391, 397, 402, 424 425, 436, 
451, 454, 463, 514, 515, 518, 613, 626, 
631, 637, 651, 664, 694, 702, 710, 723, 
724, 730, 731, 740, 769, 796, 892, 952, 
963, 967, 968, 972, 973, 986, 1033, 
1043, 1063, 1097, 1104, 1106, 1115, 
1119, 1155, 1217, 1288, 1296, 1307, 
1356, 1386, 1409, 1424, 1510, 1590, 
1665, 1693, 1701, 1748, 1790, 1792, 
1846, 1858, 1911, 1923, 1972, 1985, 
1990, 2049, 2063, 2066, 2069, 2070, 
2071, 2073, 2074, 2075, 2076, 2077, 
2079, 2080, 2083, 2084, 2087, 2141, 
2168, 2176, 2209, 2211, 2212, 2232, 
2234, 2247, 2252, 2302, 2311, 2324, 
2336, 2376, 2405, 2410, 2424, 2427, 
2428, 2446, 2453, 2460; on campaign 
plans, 603; cannon for, 113; cannon 
from Ticonderoga, 53; to command 
at West Point, 2210, 2212; commis 
sion, 2056, 2070 ; to confer with Con 
gress on state of the ordnance de 
partment, 902; correspondence with 
Clinton, 2065; Dalrymple s remarks 
to, 2083, 2085; difficulties, 891; esti 
mates, 1224, 1378, 1385, 1410, 1720, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

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Knox, Henry Continued. 

1845, 2023, 2038, 2179, 2333; ex 
change commissioner, 2056, 2219, 
2240, 2244, 2245; feeling for Wash 
ington, 2460; horses for, 1892; to 
inspect Highland defenses, 314; me 
morial, 243, 244; mission to New 
England, 1667, 1710, 1711 ; 

opinions, 518, 654, 1758, 2370; 
on attacking New York, 1382; on 
attacking Philadelphia, 488, 494; 
on cooperation with French, 1341 ; 
in council of war, 725, 802, 1099, 
1291, 1519, 1589, 1595; on defense 
of Philadelphia and the Delaware, 
392 ; on peace establishment, 2375 ; 
on obstructing Hudson and de 
fense of Highlands, 321; on the 
situation, 488, 1510; on winter 
campaign, 494; on winter quar 
ters, 491 ; 

orders of, 91; plan for artillery 
corps, 143, 222; plan for regimental 
forges, ammunition and arms wag 
ons, 933 ; uses his private resources, 
2437; proposals, 934; proposes alter 
ations in resolves of Congress, 561 ; 
regulations, 918; report, 80, 2411; 
report on the army, 2460; report on 
cannon, 1115; report to Congress, 
2460 ; report on exchange negotia 
tions, 2092 ; 2094 ; his situation, 891 ; 
suggestions, 545, 650; transportation 
arrangements, 1881 ; Washington s 
appreciation of his efforts, 2102. 
Letters from, 47, 51, 56, 87, 91, 94, 
95, 122, 143, 244, 336, 488, 491, 494, 
518, 522, 530, 532, 540, 548, 603, 619, 
650, 654, 725, 802, 891, 910, 934, 955, 
968, 973, 1006, 1010, 1016, 1038, 1099, 
1115, 1232, 1291, 1308, 1341, 1371, 
1372, 1375, 1378, 1385, 1396, 1402, 
1404, 1410, 1424, 1434, 1519, 1575, 
1576, 1595, 1609, 1612, 1674, 1682, 
1683, 1710, 1715, 1758, 1761, 1790, 
1797, 1826, 1876, 1882, 2055, 2061, 
2065, 2069, 2070, 2079, 2083, 2085, 
2092, 2094, 2167, 2181, 2197, 2198, 
2209, 2218, 2219, 2223, 2227, 2228, 
2231, 2232, 2233, 2244, 2245, 2251, 
2254, 2269, 2271, 2272, 2279, 2289, 

1776 1777 1778 

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2653 



Knox, Henry Continued. 

2328, 2348, 2361, 2367, 2371, 2374, 
2375, 2390, 2403, 2409, 2411, 2412, 
2417, 2424, 2429, 2430, 2432, 2433, 
2434, 2436, 2437, 2438, 2440, 2442, 
2444, 2445, 2447, 2448, 2451, 2460. 
Letters, instructions, and orders to, 
43, 90, 94, 205, 236, 250, 251, 273, 
475, 521, 522, 527, 554, 565, 618, 880, 
882, 902, 918, 973, 1002, 1013, 1015, 
1022, 1032, 1038, 1048, 1061, 1074, 
1114, 1139, 1155. 1180, 1185, 1190, 
1197, 1216, 1219, 1234, 1304, 1306. 
1311, 1322, 1370, 1376, 1400, 1402, 
1409, 1423, 1432, 1443, 1578, 1617, 
1626, 1633, 1667, 1711, 1713, 1741, 
1789, 1845, 1854, 1874, 1881, 1887, 
2052, 2056, 2057, 2058, 2063, 2066, 
2068, 2069, 2071, 2078, 2089, 2094, 
2101, 2102, 2212, 2218, 2219, 2221, 
2225, 2229, 2231, 2234, 2240, 2243, 
2252, 2263, 2269, 2271, 2313, 2329, 
2330, 2335, 2340, 2347, 2353, 2361, 
2362, 2370, 2372, 2378, 2390, 2403, 
2405, 2408, 2410, 2411, 2412, 2415, 
2424, 2425, 2430, 2434, 2436, 2437, 
2439, 2442, 2444, 2445, 2447, 2455. 
Regiment. 73, 155, 197, 216, 250, 828. 

Knyphausen, Wilhelm, Baron von, Lt. 
gen., commander-in-chief, Hessian 
forces in America, 808, 1337, 1351, 
1360, 1387, 1468, 1480, 1746, 1762, 
1799, 1804, 1822, 2046, 2066, 2108; 
attempt to capture, 1647, 1736. Let 
ters from, 1232, 1256, 1267, 1300, 
1360, 1758, 1836, 1848, 1996, 2023. 
Letters to, 713, 1126, 1264, 1288. 1352, 
1763, 2045. 

Koehler, Johann Christoph, Col., Regi 
ment Trumbach, German allied troops. 
Letter from, 1586. 

Kolkowski (Colooski), Comte, Capt., 

Pulaski s legion, 901, 902, 903, 913. 
Kosciuszko, Thaddeus, Col., engineers, 

593, 599, 602, 697, 735, 746, 1451, 1600, 

2437; ability, 1321; papers, 1589; 

plans of West Point burned, 1600. 

Letters from, 1103, 1284, 1435, 2436. 

Letters to, 1127, 1293, 1433, 1441, 

1442, 2438. 



Kowats, Michael de, Capt., PulasM s 
legion, 527, 540; commission, -541; 
recommended to Washington, 523, 
561. Letter from, 669. Company, 
662, 663, 669. 



"L," American spy, Letter from, 814. 

La Balme, Mottin de, Capt., French 
army; It. col., col. and inspector 
general of cavalry, Continental 
army, 1274 ; defeat and death, 1747 ; 
introduced to Washington, 302. 
Letters from, 894, 1267. 

Labor, 2403. 

Laboratories, 222, 235, 236, 244, 251, 
394, 1882, 2121; erection, 1328; es 
tablishment of, 1621, 2031. 

Laborers (Workmen), 792, 1284, 1495, 
2105; taken from line of the army, 
2145; difficulty in obtaining, 508; 
exempt from militia duty, 1449; 
lost from want of pay, 1686; provi 
sions for, 13; quit, 1747. See also 
Artificers. 

La Brim,, John, Private, Virginia 
state dragoons, 1285, 1286. 

Lacey, John, jr., Brig, gen., Pennsyl 
vania militia, 540, 560, 594, 595; 
militia of, 545, 552, 564, 615, 616, 
620. Letters from, 532, 545, 552, 
553, 559, 564, 580, 588, 595, 598. 
Letters to, 533, 550, 554, 562, 578, 
589, 592, 597, 609, 614. 

Lacey, Josiah, Capt., 5th Connecticut 
regiment, 1285, 1392, 1397. 

La Chine (Canada), 119. 

La Clochetterie, Chadeau de, Capt., 
French navy, 1847, 1855. 

La Come (Le Corne), St. Luke, 24, 
25, 78. 

Ladders, scaling, 2301, 2309, 2311. 

Ladies, see Women. 

LADY WASHINGTON. Continental armed 
galley, 115; pay roll of, 190. 

La Famine River (River Scull ?, Can 
ada), 889, 1024, 1039. 

LA FANTASQUE, French ship of war, 
2332. 



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Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Joseph 
Roche Yves Gilbert du Motier, Mar 
quis de, Maj. gen., Continental army, 
402, 450, 451, 453, 4G3, 582, 613, 631, 
637, 651, 664, 691. 719, 755, 764, 774, 
810, 1081, 1268, 1294, 1336, 1339, 
1356, 1373, 1386, 1399, 1429-1430, 
1455, 1510, 1590, 1610, 1624, 1632, 
1668, 1723. 1726, 1730, 1731, 1733, 
1743, 1755, 1759, 1771, 1775, 1776, 
1778, 1834, 1842, 1843. 1844, 1869, 
1899, 1913, 1929, 1947, 1951, 1976, 
2159; acquaintance with the situa 
tion and Washington s ideas, 1401; 
advantages gained over Cornwallis, 
1892; aid in restoring harmony be 
tween the French and Americans. 
723, 755; arrangement of the army, 
1213; arrival, 1320, 1327, 1418, 2129; 
attack on Cornwallis, 1940; attempts 
to persuade D Estaing, 717, 718 ; bag 
gage, 1326, 1328, 1348; on campaign 
plans, 605; 1447: Canadian expedi 
tion, 550, 570, 755 ; challenge to Car 
lisle, 774, 805, 811, 824 ; cipher, 1998 ; 
command, 666, 667, 668, 706; con 
duct approved by Washington, 570, 
1847, 1897, 1944; conference with 
Congress, and Luzerne, 1267; conver 
sation with Ternay and Rochambeau, 
1428; on Cornwallis ability, 1899; 
correspondence with the British, 
1813, 1835. 1843, 1909; birth of a 
daughter, 2360; despatches and let 
ters for, 1772, 1824 ; detachment (light 
infantry), march, manoeuvers, etc., 
619, 669, 1563, 1598, 1724, 1725, 1728, 
1730, 1732, 1733, 1737, 1738, 1741, 
1743, 1745. 1746, 1750. 1751, 1753, 
1756, 1760, 1763-1764, 1771, 1772, 
1773, 1775. 1776, 1778, 1779, 1781, 1782, 
1783, 1786, 1786-1787, 1790, 1791, 
1792, 1796, 1798, 1812, 1813, 1814, 
1815, 1827, 1843. 1870, 1928; difficul 
ties and disappointments, 1850, 1928 ; 
disbursements to, 1953; division of, 
2459 ; energy. 722 ; Estaing s anxiety 
for, 807, 816; exertions in Spain, 
2367, 2388; friendship with Wash 
ington, 1129, 1843. 1994, 2360, 2388 
on future operations against Charles- 

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Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Joseph 
Roche Yves Gilbert du Motier, Mar 
quis de Continued, 
ton or Savannah, 1959 ; generosity in 
purchasing clothing, etc., for his de 
tachment, 1814; health, 428; illness, 
732; letter to Livingston, 2255; on 
value of the light infantry, 1900; 
movements, 668, 690, 717, 718, 1610, 
1735, 1836, 1841, 1842, 1915 ; needs of, 
1928; observation post, 1355; opin 
ion, 650, opinion on attaching New 
York, 1382, 1455; opinion in council 
of war, 1589, 1593; opinion on the 
situation 1510; opinion on winter 
campaign and attacking Philadel 
phia, 494 ; opinion on winter quar 
ters, 491; orders, 541, 544, 833; per 
sonal matters, 1998; pay for his 
troops, 1998 ; plan for attacking New 
York, 1402 ; prisoners taken by army 
under, 1960; proclamation to Cana 
dians, 1354; reenforcement, 1743, 
1932, 1939, 1942, 1946; refusal to 
correspond with Arnold, 1835, 1847; 
remains in France, 2258, 2286, 2304 ; 
report on storm of Yorktown re 
doubt, 1970; reputation. 570; re 
quests arms and ammunition, 1413 ; 
requests teams and horses for 
French army, 1342 ; return to Amer 
ica, 1143, 2148, 2247; return to 
France, 755, 890; skirmish, 487; and 
Steuben, 1809; on the Virginia situ 
ation, 1909; Virginia s thanks to, 
2017; visits Mount Vernon and 
Washington s mother, 1775; Wash 
ington s confidential communication 
to, 1892; before Yorktown, 1946 ; 
1970. Letters from, 581, 605, 665. 
752. 1168, 1402, 1447, 1730, 1732, 
1734, 1743, 1744, 1745, 1746, 1750, 
1756, 1758, 1760, 1772, 1775, 1778. 
1781, 1782, 1786, 1791, 1798, 1813, 
1814, 1820, 1831, 1835, 1836. 1841, 
1842, 1843, 1850, 1857, 1864, 1870, 
1875, 1895, 1899, 1900, 1904. 1908, 
1909, 1910, 1915, 1919, 1927. 1946. 
1948, 1959, 1970, 1998. Letters, 
orders, and instructions to, 512, 538, 
570, 578, 618, 619, 666, 668, 670, 690, 

1776 1777 1778 

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2655 



Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Joseph 
Roche Yves Gilbert du Motier, Mar 
quis de Continued. 
696, 699, 706, 737, 754, 774, 890, 937, 
956, 1067, 1129, 1143, 1159, 1267, 
1268, 1278, 1324, 1331, 1336, 1337, 
1401, 1412, 1414, 1421, 1426, 1429, 
1433, 1435, 146G, 1518, 1563, 1588, 
1598, 1619, 1632, 1638, 1650, 1682, 
1724, 1727, 1728, 1732, 1735, 1736, 
1741, 1746, 1748, 1771, 1775, 1779, 
1783, 1794, 1795, 1796, 1812, 1847, 
1851, 1875, 1892, 1907, 1922, 1924, 
1927, 1931, 1933, 1938, 1939, 1944, 
1945, 1947, 1950, 1969, 1977, 1979, 
1994, 2017, 2258, 2299, 2360, 2367, 
2388, 2407, 2447. 

Lafayette, Noailles, Marchioness de, 
1143. 

La Gallete (New York), 2230. 
La Grandiere, - - de, Capt., French 
navy, 1847-1848, 1855. 

L AIGLE, French ship of war, 2216. 

Lake Champlain (New York), 87, 236, 
459, 703, 711, 768, 910, 1066, 1154, 
2254, 2382 ; armed vessels and boats 
on, 120, 132, 142, 147, 157, 158, 161, 
163, 169, 171, 173, 175, 195; Arnold 
on, 165, 167, 181, 197; naval battle 
on, 181, 196, see also Arnold, Bene 
dict; British advance on, 851; Brit 
ish at and on, 629, 631, 742, 1588; 
British cross, 183; British expedi 
tion across, 2023 ; British prepara 
tions at, 1846; British retreat down, 
334; British supplies carried up, 
2200; British strength on, 196, 2269, 
2434, 2460; British vessels on, 11, 
235, 322, 636, 930, 1240, 1590, 1885, 
2259; British vessels caught in ice 
on, 2002, 2021, 2027, 2039, 2050; de 
fense of, 250 ; fortifications, 138, 262, 
263, 865, 2434; importance of, 322; 
inhabitants raise companies, 142; 
American losses on, 196 ; forwarding 
loyalist families across, 1576, 1582, 
1599; posts on, 1; route to Canada, 
784, 872, 933, 2459 ; sawmill at, 132 ; 
scout down, 11 ; shipbuilding on, 784 ; 
situation on, 196. 



Lake Erie, British vessels on, 873; 
difficulties, 978; expedition impos 
sible, 2295 ; lands between Ohio River 
and, 2407 ; post needed on, 2263. 

Lake George (New York), 87, 703, 711, 
768, 1154, 2418; artillery for, 89; 
artillery removed from, 362; armed 
vessels, boats, etc., on, 132, 169, 263 ; 
British advance from, 1600, 1813, 
1983; British at and on, 629, 1982. 
1995, 2280, 2460 ; British cross, 1570 ; 
British expedition across, 2023 ; Brit 
ish vessels on, 1885, 2460 ; defense of, 
132, 250; garrisoning forts on, 236; 
American prisoners taken at, 1896 ; 
troops for, 89. 

Lake Ontario, British on, 631; Brit 
ish vessels on, 873, 908, 912, 966; 
map of south side of, 968; route to 
Canada, 933. 

Lakes, 712; British vessels on, 893; 
posts, 2382; the Great, 2374, 2407; 
in New York, 1042. 

La Luzerne, Anne Cesar, Chevalier de, 
Chevalier, order of St. John of Je 
rusalem, marechal de camp, minis 
ter plenipotentiary of France to the 
United States, 958, 966, 998, 1234, 
1282, 1577, 1657, 1671, 1746, 1804, 
1830, 1981, 2060, 2138, 2200, 2225, 
2236, 2245, 2247, 2270, 2274, 2293, 
2317, 2370, 2381 ; his aid to America, 
1355, 2263; apologizes, 2272; army 
manoeuvers before, 1315; baggage, 
1130; Barras letter to, 1927; on 
the Chesapeake Bay expedition, 
1762, 1826; complains of provisions 
being furnished the enemy, 2268, 
2357-2358; conference with Lafay 
ette, 1267; conference with Wash 
ington, 1132; confidential relations 
with Washington, 1849; despatches 
to Carleton, 2276; escort for, 1113, 
1114, 1116, 1124, 1125, 1126; guar 
antees expense of expresses, 2186; 
movements, 1313, 1597, 2046; offers 
claret to Washington, 2435; opinion 
and plan for protecting coast, 2296, 
2300; pays for express and intelli 
gence, 2261; reception of, 1310; re 
port on the Continental army, 1319; 



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La Luzerne, Anne Csar, Chevalier 
de Continued. 

requests assistance of Continental 
frigates for French fleet. 1426; 
route of, 1582; visit to camp, 1247, 
1252, 1290, 1297, 1306, 1323, 1545, 1854. 
Letters from, 1135, 1232, 1245, 1317, 
1319, 1323, 1339, 1426, 1449, 1462, 
1629, 1639, 1645, 1658, 1762, 1818, 
1834, 1849, 1932, 1990, 2085, 2086, 
2090, 2094, 2118, 2143, 2147, 2152, 
2160, 2163, 2166, 2186, 2195, 2261, 
2268, 2270, 2272, 2274, 2285, 2287, 
2296, 2301, 2316, 2357, 2363, 2364, 
2369, 2394, 2400, 2439, 2453, 2459. 
Letters to, 909, 1137, 1233, 1245, 
1253, 1290, 1316, 1338, 1327, 1329, 
1355, 1421, 1434, 1435, 1437, 1448, 
1457, 1524, 1597, 1639, 1644, 1671, 
2084, 2096, 2098, 2100, 2106, 2139, 
1718, 1748, 1766, 1825, 1826, 1834, 
1840, 1854, 1859, 1942, 1982, 2017, 
2156, 2167, 2191, 2197, 2210, 2221, 
2239, 2241, 2257, 2261, 2268, 2271, 
2272, 2273, 2276, 2278, 2288, 2291, 
2300, 2306, 2308, 2359, 2363, 2369, 
2378, 2389, 2435, 2449, 2452. 

I/AMAZONE, French frigate, 2191. 
Lamb, Catherine, Wife of John Lamb, 
Letter from, 137. 

Lamb, Gideon, Col., 6th North Carolina 
regiment, 399. 

Lamb, James, Letter to, 1459. 

Lamb, John, Ma/., commandant of ar 
tillery, Northern department; col., 2d 
Continental artillery, 1498, 1503, 1504, 
2046; leave of absence, 1498; cap 
tured, 137 ; command, 1547 ; exchange, 
203 ; rank, 707, 932, 958, 1069, 1107 ; 
resignation, 1110. Letters from, 741, 
768, 958, 1069, 1082, 1107, 1110, 1119, 
1423, 1439, 1455, 1462, 1465, 1477, 
1498, 1528, 1532, 1543, 2038, 2233. 
Letters to, 707, 932, 1077, 1191, 1459, 
1464, 1475, 1478, 1515, 1527, 1529, 
1547, 1550, 2038, 2235. Regiment, 
645, 1439. 

Lambert, , 2390-2391, 2452. 

Lamb s dam (near Boston), 80. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



La Meth, Alexandre Theodore Victor 
de, Adj. gen.?, French army in Amer 
ica, 2073. 

La Meth, Charles Malo Francois, Cheva 
lier de, Aide to Rochambeau; aide- 
major, and quartermaster general, 
French army in America, 2016, 2017, 
2107. Letters from, 2025, 2073. 

L Amoligniere, Du Bois de, Councillor 
of the Superior council, San Do 
mingo, 2433, 2438. Letter from, 2420. 
Letter to, 2437. 

Lament (Lemont), William, Lt., In 
valid corps, 2178, 2204. Letter from, 
2199. 

Lancaster (Pennsylvania), 417, 495, 
517, 530, 568, 571, 599, 876, 1407, 
1419, 1584, 1612, 1804, 1805, 2003, 
2008, 2035, 2067, 2185, 2186, 2197; 
British prisoners sent to, 1871 ; 
county militia, 883; requests to go 
to and permits to visit, 2205, 2207. 

Lancers, see Cavalry. 

Lancey, see De Lancey. 

Lanctot, Godfrey, Maj., militia?. Let 
ter from, 1528. 

Land, Robert, 947, 959. 

Land, British division of, 489 ; British 
grants to loyalists, 2215; cession, 
1709, 1724, 1734; grants, 288, 884, 
2104, 2125, 2130-2131, 2215, 2393, 
2432, 2436, 2437, 2438; grant diffi 
culties, 2436; Indian, 1187; Indian 
speech on, 963; jobbery, 1280; of 
fered Hessian prisoners, 960; offi 
cers grants, 2436; officers memorial 
on, 843, 2407, 2437; for pay depre 
ciation, 1701; petitions for, 2437, 
2438; private rights, 793; to pri 
vates, 288, 2130-2131; proclamation, 
793 ; renting, 963 ; reserve, 904 ; sale, 
2432 ; settlement, 2437 ; speculation, 
1249; western, 1709, 1724, 1734, 2436, 
2437, 2438. 

Landais, Pierre, Capt., Continental 
navy, 1483 ; mental condition, 1472. 

Landeg, Philip, of the British general 
hospital at New York, 2197. 

Landon, , Lt., Nichols New Hamp 
shire militia, 174. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2657 



Lane, Aaron, Lt., 2d New Jersey, 708. 

Lane, John, Capt., 9th Continental in 
fantry, 133. 

Lane, John, 1208, 1248. 

Laneufville, Chevalier de, May., French 
army; Inspector general, Northern 
army, 694, 710. Letters from, 692, 
823. Letter to, 826. 

Laneuville, Noirmont de, Capt., aide to 
Conway; brevet maj., Continental 
army, 693, 1144. Letters to, 941, 
1124. 

Langborn (Langbourne), William, 
maj., aide to Howe and deputy quar 
termaster general, Letter from, 1334. 
Letter to, 3343. 

Langdon, John, New Hampshire dele 
gate, Continental Congress; agent 
for prizes in New Hampshire, Let 
ters from, 84, 298, 320, 345, 364, 369. 
Letters to, 84, 310, 333, 353. 

Langdon, Samuel, President, Harvard 
College, Letters from, 18, 34. 

Language, English, 725. 

LANGUEDOC, French ship of war, 1260. 

Languor, see Lethargy. 

Lansdale, Thomas, Maj., 3d Maryland 
regiment, 2251, 3398. Letters to, 
2258/2266, 2325, 2335, 2401. Regi 
ment, 2325. 

Lansing, Abraham G., Continental 
storekeeper at Newburgh. Letter 
from, 620. Letter to, 622. 

Lansing, John, jr., Lt., 1st New York; 
adj., New York militia; military sec 
retary to Schuyler, 114, 306, 646. 
Letters from, 125, 126, 267. Drafts 
and copies by, 113, 136, 169, 180, 187, 
195, 294, 912. 930, 1793, 1821. 

Lanterns (Lanthorns), 1876, 2154. 

La Puente, Maria Josefa Elirio de, see 
Miralles. 

Larabe, Elezer, Sergt. maj., 2d bat 
talion, Sir John Johnson s corps, 
2433, 2434. 

La Radiere, Lewis de, Lt. col., and col. 
engineers, Continental army, 599, 602, 
884 ; abilities, 526, 710 ; certificate of 
service, 1742, 1755, 1832; death of, 
1168 ; introduced, 580, 710 ; memorial, 
517; movements, 431; rank, 710; 



La Radidre, Lewis de Continued, 
work of, 568. Letter from, 526. Let 
ters to, 432, 535. 

La Rocatelle, Floberque de, Late en- 
gineer-in-chief, French army; cheva 
lier, Royal Military order of St. 
Louis, Letter from, 390. 

LA SEINE, French merchant ship, 318. 

Lashaer, , sec Loziers. 

Lasher, John, Col., New York militia, 
188. 

Lashes, see Punishments. 

Lasick, Ludwig, Loyalist, Sussex 
county, New Jersey, 1364. 

Latimer, Henry, Hospital physician 
and surgeon, Letters from, 1596, 
1663, 2119. 

La Tombe, Philip Joseph de, see 
L Etombe. 

La Touche-Trville, Louis Ren6 Made 
line Lavassor, Vicomte de, Capt., 
French navy, 1371 ; assistance to, 
1361; captures a brig, 1358; ex 
change, 2256, 2270; influence, 1778. 
Letter from, 1359. Letters to, 1336, 
1337. 

Lattin, , introduced to Washing 
ton, 2459. 

Laumoy, , Col., engineers, Conti 
nental army, 758 ; to act as chief en 
gineer, 2210 ; certificate of service, 
2442, 2443; exchange, 1932, 1937, 
2181, 2182, 2195, 2196, 2197; move 
ments, 914; recommended to Wash 
ington, 1999. Letters from, 1937, 
2196, 2442. Letters to, 2197, 2210, 
2443. 

Laurance (Laurence, Lawrence), John, 
jr., Paymaster, New York regiment; 
judge-advocate-general, Continental 
army, 189, 190, 1553; opinions, 541, 
1835; recommended, 166, 168; resig 
nation, 2118, 2135. Letters from, 
541, 994 1295, 1835, 2118. Letters to, 
714, 991, 1018, 1195. 

Laurel Hill (Long Island), British 
fortifications, 994, 1000, 1006, 1182, 
2289. 

Laurence, Nathaniel, Capt., 2d North 
Carolina regiment, 910. 



1779 1780 1781 

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894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

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1782 1783 

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2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2658 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Laureus, Henry. South Carolina dele 
gate and President, Continental Con 
gress, 514, 549, 1467, 2035; captured, 
1568; condition. 2060; goes to Eu 
rope, 1252; exchange, 1935. 2036, 
2045, 2092, 21S1 ; liberty, 2083 ; re 
lease, 2061, 2179, 2182; treatment 
accorded, 1632. Letter from, 2060. 
Letter to, 715. 

Laurens, John, Lt. col., extra aide and 
aide to Washington, 234, 267, 540, 
565, 791, 868, 1595, 1657, 1940, 1962; 
on Arnold s treason, 1559; on the 
Charleston situation, 1303 ; conversa 
tion with Rocharnbeau, 1704; death 
of, 2209, 2213, 2257, 2258; energy, 
702; exchange, 1343, 1542, 1559, 
1567, 1595; expenditures in France 
for Washington, 2121; friendship of 
Washington, 1605 ; mission to 
France, 1648, 1667, 1680, 1686, 1704, 
1718, 1738, 1758, 1780; plan to raise 
negro regiment, 2169; prisoner, 
1343 ; returns from France, 1938 ; on 
Rhode Island operations, 704, 725 ; 
wound of, 1102. Letters from, 458, 
509, 528, 535, 562, 601, 638, 650, 663, 
693, 695, 713, 725, 907, 911, 921, 1252, 
1275, 1303, 1343, 1559, 1560, 1648, 
1667, 1706, 1758,. 1780, 2036, 2121, 
2145. Letters to, 389, 528, 531, 534, 
556, 561, 566, 690, 704, 706, 707, 1140, 
1316, 1567, 1605, 1680, 1698, 1776, 
2040, 2092, 2169. Drafts, copies and 
translations by, 367, 390, 402, 409, 
411, 412, 417, 418, 439, 440, 445, 448, 
450, 452, 453, 455, 457, 458, 460 462, 
466, 467, 470, 471, 472, 474, 475, 478, 
479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 486, 488, 491, 
494, 508, 510, 513, 516, 518, 526, 532, 
535, 538, 540, 541, 544, 547, 548, 550, 
552, 554, 556, 558, 559, 562, 564, 566, 
567, 570, 571, 572, 574, 576, 577, 578, 
580, 582, 583, 584, 588, 589, 590, 593, 
594, 595, 598, 602, 603, 604, 605, 608, 
617, 618, 629, 630, 631, 635, 640, 642, 
643, 645, 647, 648, 652, 653, 654, 656, 
659, 662, 663, 666, 668, 672, 682, 687, 
690, 691, 700, 708, 715, 719, 729, 731, 
735, 737, 739, 740, 745, 748, 755, 763, 
764, 767, 771, 772, 773, 774, 776, 779, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER _ 1-60 



Laurens, John Continued. 

782, 783, 787, 788, 793, 795, 797, 799, 
801, 803, 805, 806, 807, 811, 845, 868, 
894, 898, 899, 902, 905, 906, 907, 909, 
912, 914, 915, 916, 917, 918, 919, 920, 
921, 926, 928, 929, 931, 935, 936, 940, 
941, 943, 1217, 1950, 1954, 1959, 1961, 
1963, 1969, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 
1976, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 
1984, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1990. 

Lauzun, Armand Louis de Gontaut 
Biron, Due de, Brig. gen. and com 
mand er-in-chief, French cavalry in 
America, 1847, 1855; attention to 
be shown, 1953; to command de 
tachment, 1880; feeling for Wash 
ington, 2399; delay in sailing from 
France, 2186; friendship with Wash 
ington, 2385, 2386; harmony and 
foraging expedition with Weedou, 
1958; meeting with Washington, 
2337; movements, 1880, 2256; posi 
tion, 1570; repulses British cavalry, 
1961, 1962 ; returns to France, 2389 ; 
services, 2388; winter quarters, 
1563, 2030. Letters from, 1736, 2270, 
2324, 2332, 2386, 2389, 2399, 2406, 
2441. Letters to, 1671, 1731, 1735, 
1879, 2337, 2338, 2385. Cavalry 
regiment (Lauzun s legion), 1581, 
1595, 1842, 1953, 2441; marches, 
movements, operations, etc., 1875, 
1877, 1878, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1956. 
2035, 2055, 2358; needed, 1870; let 
ter to commanding officer of, 1952; 
letter from an officer of, 1700; or 
dered to the United States, 1700; 
position, 2046; returns, 1750; win 
ter quarters, 1576, 1588, 2030. 

Laval, Anne Alexandre Marie Sulpice 
Joseph, Marquis de, Col., regiment 
Bourbonnais, French army, 1734, 
1847, 1855, 2262. 

La Valette, Charles Francis Chaudron. 
Chevalier de, Lt. col., regiment 
Saintonge; brig, gen., French army 
in America, 2034. Letter from. 
2342. Letter to, 2329. 

Lavalle, Antoine, Capt f, 1st Canadian 
regiment ?, 1319. 



1776 

Pages 

60-137 

137-229 



1777 

Pages 
229-354 
354-515 



1778 

Pages 
515-675 
675-894 



INDEX 



2659 



La Villebrune, - / dipt., French 
navy, 1847. 

Law, caveat against leave, 2082 ; civil, 
1050, 1761; for commissary busi 
ness, 1303; common, 2315, 2317; 
criminal, 2152; difficulties, 1038; 
enlistment, 2459; harsh, 2165; im 
peding, 1321; martial, 600, 1001, 
1050, 2068; officers amenable to 
civil, 1761; power of, 2158; neces 
sary for quartermaster business, 
1303; governing recaptures, 1473; 
recruiting, 1301; resisted, 1945; 
seizures under, 1324 ; of States. 975 ; 
suits, 904, 932; suspension, 1038; 
writ, 2315. See also Evidence. 

Lawback, Henry New Jersey loyal 
ist, 2049, 2076. 

Lawrence, Augustine, New York sea 
captain, 1399. 

Lawrence, Charles, Brig, gen., gover 
nor of Nova Scotia, 1350. 

Lawrence, Elisha, Col. f, British Pro 
vincial troops, former sheriff of ^Ion- 
mouth county, New Jersey, 228. 

Lawrence, Jonathan, New York Com 
missioner, Fort Constitution; New 
York agent to receive drafts f, Let 
ters from, 614, 641. Letter to, 122. 

Lawrence, Jonathan. Treasurer of 
Connecticut, Letter to. 1464. 

Lawrence, Jonathan, jr., Lt., and capt. 
Malconi s Additional Continental 
regiment ; capt., New York levies and 
corps of sappers and miners, 699, 
1558, 1835, 1843, 1880; health, 2211, 
2450; intelligence through, 850, 
1379, 1454; resignation, 2281; serv 
ices, 1845. Letters from, 1376, 1378, 
1834, 2211, 2233, 2281, 2450. Letters 
to, 1834, 2452. 

Lawrence, - - Mrs., 504. 

Lawson, Robert, Col., 4th Virginia regi 
ment; brig, gen., Virginia militia. 
490. Letters from, 500, 1977. Corps 
of, 1621, 1977. 

L. D., alias of John Vanderhovan q. v.; 

see also Littel D. 
Lea, Jonathan. 634. 



Leach, Joseph, Private, 38th Massa 
chusetts regiment, reports, 5, 6, 7, 8 
10, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 21. 

Leachmere s barn (near Boston), 43 
44. 

Leachmere s Point (Massachusetts), 
80. 

Lead, 12, 15, 111, 113, 196, 215, 403, 
495, 548, 1317; deficiencies, 973; de 
mand for, 182 ; forwarded, 277, 483 ; 
from France, 45; from houses in 
Philadelphia, 406, 427; for Indians, 
2420; for militia, 1999; mines, 640, 
650; needed, 8, 108, 128, 144, 227, 
366, 970, 987; for the northward, 
1827; purchased, 483, 500, 566; re 
turn of, 1424. 

Leake, , of East Florida, Letter 

from, 2181. 

Learned, Ebenezer, Col, 3d Continen 
tal infantry; orig. gen., Continental 
army, 372, 402; charge against, 542, 
566; leave of absence, 99, 451; 
health, 535, 536, 542; movements, 
314; resignation, 559, 566. Letters 
from, 81, 99, 360, 542. Letters to, 
521, 566. Brigade, 474, 480, 502, 829, 
881, 906. 

Leary, John, jr., Capt., New York City 
troop of volunteer horse, 229. Let 
ter from, 130. 

Leather, 518, 534, 559, 571, 641, 815, 
1712, 1853; accouterments, 977; 
breeches, 568, 1173, 1675 ; caps, 1646 ; 
for cartridge boxes and shoes, 770; 
exchanged for hides, 493, 509, 510; 
needed, lack of, etc., 1505, 1545, 1686. 
1850; obtaining, 493, 1766; seizure 
of, 523. 

Leavenworth, Eli, May ., 6th Connecti 
cut regiment and Connecticut mili 
tia, 768; leave of absence, 1280; his 
accounts, 1278; charges against. 
840; claim against, 1278; conduct. 
829; confidence in. 798, 840; intelli 
gence from, 772, 798, 840, 855; re 
sponsibility in receiving a flag boat, 
2352; safety of, 785. Letters from, 
525, 737, 761, 764, 798, 1278, 1541. 
2345. Letters and orders to, 855, 
1540. 



1779 1780 1781 

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2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2660 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Leavenworth, Isaac, Surgeon s mate, 
3d Massachusetts regiment, memo 
rial, 2409. Letter from, 2410. 

Leaves of absence, sec Absence. 

Leaycroft, George, Lt., 2d Continental 
artillery, 2349. 

Lebanon (Connecticut), 1588. 

Le Bceuf (Le Beuf) River (Pennsyl 
vania), Brodhead s expedition up, 
965; route to Canada, 872. 

Le Corne, St. Luke see La Corne.. 

Ledyard, Benjamin, Capt., 1st New 
York regiment, 166. 

Ledyard, Isaac, Surgeons mate, 1st 
New York regiment; asst. purveyor, 
Hospital department, 2015, 2020; 
court-martial, 2155, 2209; dismissal, 
2209, 2210; memorial, 134, 2409; of 
ficer and men furnished to, 1550; 
rank, 2015; services, 2015. Letters 
from, 1551, 1831, 2209. Letters to, 
1549, 2210. 

Ledyard, William, Lt. col., Connecticut 
militia, 1536, 1719. Letters from. 
1472, 1490, 1508, 1535, 1553. 1586, 
1846, 1850. 

Lee, Andrew, Lt., 2d Canadian regi 
ment. 1365. 

Lee, Charles, Maj. Gen., Continental 
army, 2, 6 15, 16, 23, 25, 29, 37, 68, 
71, 102, 135, 138, 192, 194, 196, 203, 
210, 216, 219, 225, 254, 281, 287, 295, 
337, 340, 532, 536, 538, 570, 587, 613, 
631, 637, 651, 664, 1280; aides, 250, 
262; on appointment of foreign offi 
cers, 632; arrested, 674; captured, 
219, 220; command of advance 
guard, 667, 668; command in the 
South, 79, 85; complaint, 213; con 
duct at Monmouth, 675, 676; Con 
gress intentions respecting, 848; 
Congress refuses interview, 282 ; 
Congress resolves on, 232; court- 
martial, 674, 680; criticisms, 649, 
650; delay, 212, 213, 215, 217, 218; 
detained by British, 569, 572; diffi 
culties, 90, 103; dogs, 250, 254; ex 
change, 234, 282, 367, 411, 413, 536, 
585, 588, 591, 602; gout, 606; halts, 
670; health, 75; hesitancy, 219; jus 
tifies Monmouth retreat, 673, 674; 



1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Lee, Charles Continued, 
meeting with Butler, 879, 888, 889; 
money for, 227; opinion of British 
intentions. 634, 650 ; opinion in coun 
cil of war, 655 ; opinion of Washing 
ton, 673; orders of, 103; paper for 
Congress, 250; personal matters, 76; 
plan of forming army. 599 ; plan for 
dealing with loyalists, 68; plan for 
protecting New York, 61 ; " Some 
Queries" of, 1068; the Reed letter, 
213, 268, 346 ; release, 592 ; reports a 
position for the army, 662; repri 
mand at Monmouth, 674 ; requests 
committee of Congress to come to 
New York, 251; situation, 741; 
status as prisoner, 234, 276, 283; 
Stirling s bias, 676 ; note to Stirling. 
677 ; treatment by British, 234, 275 ; 
uneasiness of, 668; on Washington s 
language at Monmouth, 673. Letters 
from, 61, 65, 68, 69, 73, 75, 76, 78, 79, 
S5, 90, 99, 103, 104, 138, 206, 209, 212, 
215, 216, 217, 218, 250, 251, 262, 285, 
338, 512, 536, 599, 606, 632, 650, 662, 
667, 670, 673, 674, 676, 714, 888. Let 
ters and instructions to, 62, 67, 68, 
70, 71, 77, 82, 205, 206, 207, 209, 210, 
211, 212, 213. 215, 217, 219, 227, 254, 
282, 357, 602, 632, 649, 652, 667, 668, 
674, 740, 880, 889. 

Lee, Daniel, Capt.. 3d Massachusetts 
regiment. 1856. 

Lee, Francis Lightfoot. Virginia dele 
gate, Continental Congress, 539. 

Lee, Henry, jr., Capt., 1st Continental 
dragoons; major-commandant and It. 
col., Partisan corps "Lee s Legion," 
860, 1123, 1130, 1143, 1417, 1965: 
leave of absence, 1223; attempt on 
enemy, 1378, 1379, 1382 ; British fail 
to surprise, 532; captures British 
foraging party, 456; captures Fort 
Granby, 1830, 1832 ; complaint against, 
1120; complimented by Washington, 
531; counterstroke against British, 
777; duty. 1419; exertions at Fort 
Watson, 1798; foraging expedition, 
1479, 1484 ; ideas on security of Val 
ley Forge camp, 518; impress of 
wagons, 1473 ; intelligence from, 790. 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2661 



Lee, Henry, jr. Continued. 

823, 1078; interview with Washing 
ton, 1101 ; knowledge of Pennsyl 
vania country, 518; offered appoint 
ment as aide to Washington, 589, 
590 ; ordered out against the British, 
T59; ordered to patrol the country, 
1388; owes Washington a horse, 1218; 
Paulus Hook enterprise, 1113, 1116, 
1119, 1120, 1122, 1128 ; plan for cap 
turing Arnold, 1576; position, 1410; 
promotion, 588, 597, 1675 ; reconnois- 
sance, 444, 768 ; repulses British, 531 ; 
routs Hamilton s corps, 1740; skir 
mish, 532, 1362; skirmish at Ala- 
mance, 1747; success of, 1904; sur 
prises British at Georgetown, 1693, 
1738. Letters from, 434, 439, 441, 
453, 456, 463, 471, 483, 495, 518, 526, 

530, 532, 552, 555, 575, 589, 590, 681, 
789, 792, 823, 863, 878, 891, 937, 1020, 
1050, 1074, 1091, 1093, 1116, 1122, 
1128, 1171, 1195, 1203, 1211, 1216, 
1222, 1227, 1237, 1305, 1307, 1314, 
1360, 1362, 1363, 1366, 1367, 1377, 
1379, 1382, 1403, 1410, 1413, 1416, 
1419, 1428, 1457, 1474, 1484, 1495, 
1508, 1556, 1568, 1572, 1578, 1583, 
1693, 1832, 1883, 2094. Letters, in 
structions, and orders to, 523, 529, 

531, 549, 554, 557, 597, 795, 870, 878, 
938, 1044, 1046, 1051, 1052, 1056, 1058, 
1062, 1064, 1068, 1070, 1072, 1075, 
1084, 1092. 1095, 1101, 1104, 1108, 
1109, 1116, 1123, 1130, 1138, 1143, 
1149, 1152, 1162, 1167, 1170, 1180, 
1190, 1204, 1207, 1210, 1217, 1218, 
1225, 1226, 1230, 1240, 1257, 1337, 
1360, 1388, 1394, 1401, 1407, 1417, 
1418, 1436, 1465, 1468, 1473, 1479, 
1486, 1499, 1501, 1502, 1576, 1579, 
1597. Corps or Legion, 488, 513, 519, 
523, 574, 823, 891, 1020, 1043, 1046, 
1050, 1051, 1052, 1058, 1064, 1096. 
1130, 1203, 1204, 1210, 1216, 1297, 
1305, 1307, 1314, 1337, 1360. 1436, 
1457, 1465, 1572, 1578, 1579, 1642; 
complaint against, 1484, 1502, 1508; 
horses for, 1640; disease among 
horses, 1305; letters to commanding 
officer of, 1120, 1125, 1292, 1302, 



Lee, Henry, jr. Continued. 

1304 ; mounting and equipping, 1702 ; 
returns, 1257. 

Lee, James, Capt., 2d Continental artil 
lery, 473, 1609. 

Lee, John, Ma;., 2d Virginia State regi 
ment, rank, 1011, 1012, 1022, 1037, 
1117. Letter to, 1094. 

Lee, Mary (Mrs. Thomas Sim Lee), 
Letter from, 1551. 

Lee, Noah, Lt.; capt., 2d Canadian 
regiment, 1187. Letter from, 2391. 

Lee, Richard Henry, Virginia delegate, 
Continental Congress, 520. 

Lee, Thomas Sim., Governor of Mary 
land, 1226, 1987. Letter from, 1936. 

Lee, William R., Col., Additional Con 
tinental regiment, diffidence, 301; 
devises cartridge box, 350; offered 
adjutant-generalcy, 280 ; resigna 
tion, 535, 581, 594, 627, 733. Letter 
to, 280. Regiment, 282, 310, 311, 
360, 395, 473; arrangement, 747; 
officers, 395; returns, 396. 

Lee, , British spy, 1765, 1767, 1772, 

1792. 

LEE, Continental armed schooner, 46, 
63, 158, 216. 

Leech, James, Capt., New Hampshire f 
militia, 1374. 

Leech, William, 73. 

Leech, , 1108. 

Leffingwell, Christopher, Justice of the 
peace, New London county; col., Con 
necticut militia, Letters from, 74, 
76. 

Leffingwell, Ebenezer, Private, 20th 
Continental infantry, 186. 

Legion and legionary corps of Ger 
mans, 2079, 2098, 2115, 2147; plans 
for, 229, 2066, 2086. 

Legislation, 1 Amoligniere s work on, 
2420. 

Legislatures, see States. 

Le Grand, , Former French con 
sul at Boston, Letter from, 2370. 
Letter to, 2381. 

Legro, Samuel, Corporal, Hitchcock s 
regiment, 89. 

Leibert, Philip, Capt., Invalid regi 
ment, petition, 2458. Letter to, 2444. 



1779 1780 1781 

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2662 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Leister, , 1144. 

Le Mayeur, , French dentist, 2390 ; 

character and ability of, 2393. Let 
ter from, 2413. 

Lemons, 54; for Washington, 387, 
1038, 1145, 1275. 

L Enfant, Pierre Charles, Capt. and 
brevet major, Engineers, Continental 
army, 2094, 2099; Cincinnati mem 
bership, 2446; denies published let 
ter, 728; journey with Steuben, 
2418; merit, 2050; mission to 
France, 2442, 2446; politeness of, 
2458; promotion, 2040, 2327; serv 
ices, 2040, 2340. Letters from, 728, 
2040, 2327. Letters to, 2048, 2050, 
2340. 

Lenox, David, British deputy commis 
sary, naval prisoners, 2123. 

Leonard, Noah, Lt. col., Woodbridge s 
regiment, Massachusetts militia, 163. 

Lepinay, Sivetau de, Letter from, 2433. 
Letter to, 2438. 

Le Roy (Luroay), James, Bargeman, 
Arnold s barge, 1549. 

Lesley, Joseph, Private, Cathcart s le 
gion, 825. 

Leslie, Alexander, Brig, and maj. gen., 
British army in America, 1584, 1671, 

2145. Letter from, 2194. Brigade, 
199. 

L Estargette, Lewis de, Letter from, 
426. 

L Estrade, Claude Amable de Roc- 
plant[?], Baron de, Lt. col., regiment 
Royal Anvergne; brig, gen., French 
army in America, Letter from, 2362. 
Letter to, 2380. 

Lethargy, 287, 292, 299, 611, 1102, 1252, 
1321, 1625, 1706, 1852, 1998, 2078, 

2146, 2354. 

L Etombe (La Tombe), Philip Joseph 
de, French consul at Boston, Letters 
from, 2191, 2201, 2223, 2225, 2230, 
2306. Letters to, 2197, 2209, 2226. 

Letter of service, British, 2042. 

Letter press-copying machine, 2051, 
2141, 2149. 

Letters, 2222; allowed to pass, 2216; 
British, 2141, 2142; delayed, 2022, 
2042, 2053, 2063, 2065, 2071, 2375, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Letters Continued. 

2438; at Dobbs Ferry, 2240, 2265, 
2267, 2273, 2276; received at Eliza- 
bethtown, 2377; examination of, 
2216, 2242, 2324; expense of for 
warding, 1491 ; forwarding, 1491, 
2192, 2279, 2280, 2297, 2298, 2307, 
2361, 2425; intercepted, captured, 
etc., 65, 1780, 1811, 1S50, 1855, 1864, 
1954, 1962, 1973, 2080; intercepted 
letters published by Rivington, 
1795-1796; lost, 2447; miscarriage 
of, 1956 ; from New York, 2216, 2233, 
2254, 2260 ; to New York, 2242, 2244, 
2250, 2254, 2259; opened by guards, 
1217; flags for private, 2274; from 
Vermont to Canada, 2133 ; for Wash 
ington from Europe, 2441; delivery 
to Washington, 2142. 

Letters of marque, 80. 

Levengate, Elizabeth, ivife of Lt. Wil 
liam Levengate, 40th Foot, British 
army, 2214. 

Levies, 206, 240, 1102, 1506, 1802, 1894 ; 
ammunition for, 1413 ; arms for, 276, 
1413; arrival, 626, 1391; British, 
999, 1756, 2030, 2099; collecting, 
1518, 1573; completion of, 1768; de 
lay of, 1447, 1753; desertions, 1089; 
detained, 1419, 1426, 1643; dis 
charged, 1622, 1624, 1628, 1635, 1637, 
1042 ; employment, 2271 ; equipment, 
1480, 1518; forwarding, 267; new, 
150, 641, 1033, 1413, 1480, 1642, 2241 ; 
raising of, 1381, 1444; to reenforce 
Southern army, 1003; State, 1826. 
See also under the various States. 

Lewis, Addison, Lt. and Capt., 1st Con 
tinental dragoons, 507, 641, 648. Let 
ter from, 378. Troop, 721. 

Lewis, Andrew, Brig. Gen., Continental 
army, 102. Letters to, 267, 793. 

Lewis, Andrew, Lt., 9th Virginia regi 
ment, 918. 

Lewis, Charles, Col., 14th Virginia 
regiment, 579, 588. Letters to, 271, 
579. 

Lewis, Edmond, Capt., "Lady Wash 
ington " galley, 822. 

Lewis, Fielding, Capt., 3d Continen 
tal dragoons. 619. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2663 



Lewis, George, Lt., Commander in 
chiefs guard and aide to Washing 
ton; capt., 3d Continental dragoons, 
169, 312, 678. Letters from, 73, 74, 
80, 110, 314, 846. Letter to, 918. 
Drafts and copies by, 66, 69, 70, 71, 
74, 78, 82, 97, 98, 131, 139, 141, 142, 
145, 148, 150, 161, 164, 165, 180, 212, 
218, 222, 224, 227, 257, 258, 376, 446. 

Lewis, Joseph, Asst. deputy quarter 
master general; contractor for Mor 
ris county, New Jersey, 1427. Let 
ter from, 1255. Letter to, 1654. 

Lewis, Joseph, Lt., 2d Canadian regi 
ment, 1610, 1611. Letter to, 1532. 

Lewis, Morgan, Col., deputy quarter 
master general, Northern depart 
ment, 213, 838, 1427, 1440; accounts, 
934, 948; complaint against, 732, 
794; conduct, 734; defense, 794; 
horses, 734; message to the St. 
Francois Indians, 901. Letters 
from, 703, 732, 1107. Letters to, 
546, 593, 703, 1463, 1513, 1525. 
Drafts and copies by, 219. 

Lewis, Thomas, Lt f, Continental 
navy, 78. 

Lewis, , of Newton, Pennsylvania, 

494. 

Lewiston (Delaware), 1782. 

Lexington (Massachusetts), battle 
of, 5. 

Liberty, 22, 241. 

Liberty Pole Tavern (Bergen county, 
New Jersey), 1483. 

Liebert Philip, see Leibert. 

Lieutenant colonels, 1913, 2045; Brit 
ish, 893; commandant, 2366. 

Lieutenant generals, 649. 

Lieutenants, 742, 1406, 1714, 1719, 
1761, 2162, 2403. 

Light-horse, see Cavalry. 

Light infantry, see Infantry. 

Lightning, danger to magazine from, 
2145. 

Likly, John, British merchant, 2268. 
Letter from, 2267. 

Lillie, John, Capt., Continental artil 
lery; aide to Knox, 2454. 

Lime, 1103. 



Lincoln, Benjamin, Maj. gen., Conti 
nental army, 196, 203, 241, 309, 342. 
377, 383, 387, 395, 606, 710, 724, 740, 
769, 890, 895, 897, 1199, 1266, 1281, 
1408, 1651, 1694, 1808, 1911, 1922, 
1923, 2032, 2048, 2054, 2057, 2059, 
2067, 2068, 2090, 2119, 2162, 2168, 
2170, 2173, 2182, 2194, 2196, 2197, 
2198, 2206, 2213, 2214, 2228, 2242, 
2250, 2266, 2277, 2296, 2314, 2326, 
2343, 2348, 2366, 2377, 2378, 2385, 
2386, 2393, 2398, 2437; appointed on 
Massachusetts legislature committee, 
1621, 1636; assiduity of, 1992; de 
fense of Charleston, 1176, 1233, 1285, 
1303, 1304, 1305, 1330, 1450, 1912, 
1979; commands militia, 222; con 
duct approved by Washington, 636; 
contract dispute, 2015, 2113-2114, 
2118; cooperation with Navarro, 
1239; cooperation in Rhode Island 
expedition, 190 ; correspondence, 
2377, 2412, 2433 ; court of inquiry on 
conduct in South, 1375; despatches 
for, 2106-2107; discretion, 1880; ex 
change, 1407-1408, 1419, 1450, 1520, 
1601, 1621; health, 454, 531, 562; 
ideas on the campaign 2073 ; ideas on 
the situation, 898 ; ideas on war in the 
South, 1051, 1239 ; meeting with Phil 
lips, 1367, 1450, 1483, 1523, 1531, 1533, 
1535, 1545, 1548, 1569 ; meeting with 
secret agent, 1802 ; mission to Rhode 
Island, 1742; misstates officers 
ability to purchase food supplies, 
2134; movements, 230, 376, 543, 812, 
1102, 1945, 2260; opinion in council 
of war, 725; opinion on resolves of 
Congress, 1625; orders, 1996, 2022; 
rank, 562 ; reenforcement, 1251, 1267, 
1285; report on siege of Charleston, 
1450; resigns as secretary of war, 
2447; to rouse militia, 1914; his 
St. Augustine expedition, 1309; his 
situation, 1330; summoned to sur 
render 1304 ; reply to summons, 1305 ; 
his wound, 435, 576, 636, 812, 898, 
984. Letters from, 230, 245, 317, 
394, 454, 562, 576, 636, 772, 812, 883, 
898, 1051, 1175, 1208, 1218, 1233, 
1239, 1251, 1252, 1258, 1267, 1285, 



1779 1780 1781 

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894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

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2664 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Lincoln, Benjamin Continued. 

1303, 1305, 1375, 1450, 1548, 1621. 
1625, 1649, 1668, 1683, 1693, 1718, 
1742, 1768, 1782, 1802, 1812, 1909, 
1912, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1942, 1948, 
1974, 1979, 1996, 2073, 2178, 2264, 
2269, 2292, 2326, 2403. Letters and 
instructions to, 190, 222, 231, 259. 
295, 303, 304, 327, 376, 446, 531, 543, 
771, 772, 891, 914, 944, 1006, 1102, 
1140, 1163, 1200, 1262, 1289, 1309. 
1311, 1318, 1330, 1407, 1419, 1520, 
1601, 1636, 1671, 1713, 1726, 1738, 
1770, 1794, 1S23, 1859, 1SSO, 1881, 
1890, 1914, 1931, 1934, 1937, 1944, 
1948, 1949, 1982, 1988, 2020, 2067, 
2068, 2096, 2136, 2161, 2216, 2287, 
2368, 2398, 2449. 

Linder, John, jr., Letter from, 2158. 

Lindsay, William, Capt., Lee s dra 
goons, 792, 795. 

Lindsey, Eleazer, Capt., Gerrish s 
Massachusetts regiment; It. col., 
Spencer s Additional Continental 
regiment, 7, 827, 947, 1009. Letter 
from, 827. Letter to, 825. 

Lindsly (Lindsey?), Benjamin, Jus 
tice of the peace, Morris county, 
N. J., 892. 

Line officers, see Officers. 

Linen, 960, 1428, 1570, 1945, 2229, 2241, 
2249, 2255; for British prisoners, 
1210 ; damaged, 534 ; goods, 81 ; over 
alls, 1265; purchased, 1020. 

Lines, see Arnry, British, and Army, 
Continental. 

Linn, James, Atty. at law, Trenton. 
N. J., Letter from, 1035. 

Lint, 79. 

Lippincott, Richard, Capt., Associated 
Loyalists, British provincial troops, 
acquitted, 2218 ; advantage of execut 
ing him within the American lines, 
2107 ; court-martial, 2104, 2120, 2140, 
2149, 2151, 2165, 2171, 2177, 2179, 
2181, 2182, 2183, 2194, 2197; loyal 
ists to resist attempt to send to 
American lines, 2107; prosecution 
of, 2285. 

Liquors (spirits), 401, 466, 1487, 1684; 
allowance, 724; beer, 738; brandy, 
559; claret for Washington. 1898, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER- _ _ 1-60 



Liquors Continued. 

2181, 2435 ; distilling, 260 ; efforts to 
obtain, 1564; Jamaica spirits, 242; 
loss of, 559; needed, lacked, etc., 
516, 2150; ordered, 2331; return, 
1052; 

rum, 105, 400, 419, 424, 746, 
1061, 1062, 1063, 1127, 1151, 1442, 
1448, 1451, 1487, 1491, 1501, 1505, 
1514, 1523, 1529, 1548, 1684, 1723, 
1742, 1785, 1804, 1821, 1831, 1854, 
1863, 1870, 1873, 18S4, 1889, 2117; 
allowance, 864, 2319, 2385; appli 
cations, 1528, 1773, 1789; bor 
rowed, 1917, 1923; commutation, 
2114; contractors overcharge, 2100, 
2134; for fatigue parties, 101, 
1491; for Indians, 760, 924, 1855; 
issues, 722, 1489, 1493, 1509, 1524, 
1527, 1682, 2026; militia officers 
clamor for, 1494 ; needed, 465, 842, 
1203, 1229, 1319, 1483, 1545, 1602, 
1684, 1776, 1918, 1923, 2025 ; price, 
831, 2116, 2398; quality, 2100; ra 
tion, 2056, 2133, 2319; report on, 
1887 ; retained by contractors, 
2320; sale of, 825, 827, 828; seiz 
ure, 1512, 1566, 1607; substitute, 
2019, 2129, 2319; supply, 1101, 
1128, 1489, 1494, 1845, 1957; stor 
age, 1316; transportation, 1514, 
1782, 1897; workmen refuse to 
work without, 1881 ; 
seizure, 516, 522; smuggled, 607; 
sold, 1024; substitute, 738, 2113: 
supply, 401, 2327 ; sutler s, 453 ; with 
held by contractors, 2153; 

whisky, 400 ; commutation, 2114 ; 
needed, 532, 2219 ; price, 400 ; qual 
ity, 2100, 2113; ration, 2118; sub 
stitute, 2118, 2155; nondelivery by 
contractors, 2155; 

wine. 38, 42, 466, 518, 1460, 1466, 
1467, 1479, 1482, 1484. 1487; Bur 
gundy, 2449; Canary (Teneriffe). 
1884; paid for by Carleton, 2329; 
Chastellux s, 2342-2343; for Con 
vention troops, 898, 1127; needed. 
1975; presented to American sick, 
2034; for Washington, 366, 990, 
2449. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-015 675-894 



INDEX 



2665 



Lisle, Charles Noel Francois. Koniand 
de, Letter from, 5<>1. 

lasts, see Returns. 

Litchfield (Connecticut). 781, 1084, 
1133, 1144, 1759, 1885. 

Litchfield county (Connecticut), 1759. 

Lithgow, William, Maj., llth Massa 
chusetts regiment, G95. Letter from, 
693. 

Littel D., alias of an American spy, 
1595. Letters and intelligence from, 
1393, 1398, 1511, 1522. 1550, 1565, 
1573, 1582, 1584, 1586, 1720, 1722. 

Little, Archibald, sec Lytle. 

Little, James, Justice of the peace, 
Goshcn precinct, New York, Letter 
from, 1770. 

Little, Moses, Col., Massachusetts regi 
ment, 154. Letter to, 47. 

Little Egg Harbor, see Egg Harbor. 

Littlefield, Noah M., Lt. coL, llth 
Massachusetts regiment, 1128. 

LIVELY, Nantuckct merchant schooner, 
in employ of Danl. Parker & Co., 
2375. 

Livermore, Daniel, Capt., 1st New 
Hampshire regiment, 1905, 1963. 

Livingston, Abraham, see Livingston & 
Turnbull. 

Livingston, Gilbert, New York Com 
missioner in the Highlands, 117, 130. 
Letter to, 122. 

Livingston, Henry Beekman, Lt. col., 
and aide to Montgomery; aide to 
Schuyler; col., . f th New York regi 
ment, 85, 107, 109, 179, 181, 184, 
196, 230, 270, 313. 339, 402, 533, 
544; certificate of service, 1022; 
complaint against, 583; court-mar 
tial, 335, 341; difference with Mo 
Dougall, 323, 324, 335, 339, 340, 341; 
his Long Island raid, 188, 195, 199, 200 ; 
movements, 133; opinion on resig 
nations, 533; promotion, 178; rank, 
SO, 323, 333, 335, 339; resignation, 
339; secret expedition, 254. Letters 
from, 105, 111, 123, 126, 159, 178, 184, 
188, 195, 248, 254, 271, 280. 282, 323, 
339, 533, 539, 540, 544. Letters and 
orders to, 99, 110, 180, 258, 283, 332, 
333, 335, 537, 598, 600, 2396. Regi- 



Livingston, Henry Beekman Contd. 
nient, 184, 185, 248, 254, 271 280, 282, 
283. Drafts and copies by, 179. 

Livingston, Henry Brockholst, Lt. col., 
aide to Schuyler; aide to St. Glair; 
secy, to Jay, captured, 2104; re 
leased, 2109. Letters from, 2104, 
2149. Letter to, 2163. Drafts and 
copies by, 172, 173, 175. 

Livingston, Henry Philip, Capt., Com 
mander-in-chief s guards, complaint 
against, 777, 818. Letter from, 834. 

Livingston, James, Col., 1st Canadian 
regiment, 45, 101, 1517, 1540, 1655; 
movements, 1434; rank, 1373. Let 
ters from, 12, 15, 17, 21, 284, 1317, 

1385, 1441, 1450, 1477, 1486, 1488, 
1492, 1511, 1528, 1536, 1541, 1542, 
1634. Letters and orders to, 1101, 

1386, 1427, 1443, 1451, 1463, 1478, 
1489, 1504, 1514, 1525, 1527, 1540, 
1547, 1588, 1639. Regiment, 1145, 
1317, 1656, 1692; arms, 1441; offi 
cers, 1317, 1634, 1730; reformed, 
1649; returns, 1477, 1540, 1639. 

Livingston, Philip, Member, New York 
Convention Committee for detecting 
conspiracies, Letter from, 131. 

Livingston, Robert R.. Justice, New 
York supreme court; secretary for 
foreign affairs, Continental Con 
gress, 2387; house burned, 445; La 
fayette s letter to, 2255. Letter to, 
2371. 

Livingston, Walter, Deputy commis 
sary general, Northern department; 
contractor for supplying the army; 
member firm of Sands, Livingston & 
Co., 2228; command, 138; contract 
with Morris, 2075; leaves service. 
149. Letters from, 165, 2195, 2215, 
2219. Letter to, 2147. 

Livingston, William, Brig, gen., New 
Jersey militia; governor of New Jer 
sey. 445, 461, 785, 1128. 1172, 1257. 
1312, 1689, 2193, 2220. 2392; appli 
cation to, 2052; attitude of, 573; 
complains of conflict between civil 
and military authority. 946; corre 
spondence with Carleton, 2104, 2170, 
2194. 2213; opinion on calling out 



1779 

Pages 

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1780 

Pages 

1213-1382 

1 383-1658 



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56214 VOL 415- 



14 



2666 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Livingston, William Continued. 

militia, 646; protection of his wife, 
1326; refusal to call out militia, 
651. Letters from, 139, 140, 141, 
168, 175, 434, 651, 778, 779, 1171, 
1190, 2115, 2158, 2191. Letters to, 
135, 140, 165, 2104, 2109, 2144. 

Livingston, William, Colonel, 219S, 
2199, 2216. 

Livingston, William Smith. I/a; ., 
Lasher s Neiv York militia; aide 
to Greene; It. col., WebVs Addi 
tional Continental regiment, ap 
pointment, 171; pay, 2226; resigna 
tion, 786, 863, 890, 2227. Letters 
from, 137, 171, 172, 786, 890, 900. 
Letter to, 863. 

Livingston, - - (Mrs.), 311, 312. 

Livingston, - (Mrs.), invited to 

dinner by Washington, 1111. 

Livingston Manor (New York). 116, 
123. 

Livingston & Turnbull, Agents for 
clothing, Continental army. Letter 
from, 326. Letter to, 326. 

Livius, Peter, New Hampshire loyal 
ist; Chief justice of Canada, 344, 
345, 349. 

L j., American spy, Letter from, 
1511. 

Lloyd, Richard, Capt., 2d Canadian 
regiment, 1701, 1965, 2309. Letters 
from, 2315, 2317, 2384, 2391. 

Lloyds Neck (Long Island), 1461, 
1813, 2224; attempt on, 1108, 1161, 
1598, 1775, 1793, 1799, 1806; Brit 
ish evacuate, 1863, 2248; British 
garrison and troops at, 741, 1057, 
1106, 1439, 1498, 1598, 1794, 1797, 
2164; British works at, 1321. 1439, 
1598, 1794, 1907, 1908, 1975; loyal 
ists at, 1773; strength of, 1801. 

Loan office, 311. 

Loans, French grants, 1778, 1780; 
French grant of six million livres, 
1849, 2357; European, 1776. 

Lochry, Archibald, Lt. col., Pennsyl 
vania militia, ambushed, 1999. Let 
ters from, 973, 998. 

Lockhart, Samuel, Maj., 3d North 
Carolina regiment, 399. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE __ 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Lock wood, James, Secy, and l)rig.- 

maj. to Wooster, 100, 807. 
Lockwood, Samuel, Capt., 2d Conti 
nental artillery, 203. 
Lodwick, Oncida Indian, Letter from, 

2420. 
Logs, for rafts, 1688; for West Point 

chain, 1712, 1713, 1731, 1737, 1740. 
L Oiseau, Augustin, see Loseaux. 
Lombard, - , Chevalier de, Capt., 

French navy, 1847, 1855. 
London (England), feeling among 
British soldiers in, 319; news from, 
2248; newspapers, 896, 1405, 2116; 
riot in, 1472. 

LONDON, British ship of tear, 1960. 
Long, Andrew, Capt., Miles Pennsyl 
vania rifle regiment; justice of the 
peace, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
90, 616. Letter from, 195. 
Long, Gabriel, Capt., J t th Pennsylvania 

regiment, 743. 
Long, James, Capt., 10th Pennsylvania 

regiment, 771. 
Long, Pierce, Col., New Hampshire 

militia, 358. 

Long Island (Boston harbor), 127. 
Long Island (New York), 1155, 1301. 
1351, 1716, 1867, 1920, 2227, 2363, 
2365; battle of, 175, 176, 177, 178. 
179; battle losses, ISO, 207, 208, 
278; 

British on, 175, 678, 696, 712, 
716, 767, 834, 840, 868, 958, 983, 
1106, 1151, 119S, 1478, 2126, 2254, 
2255, 2257, 2259, 226G, 2281, 2285, 
2286, 2312; activity, 1424; appre 
hension of, 951; barracks, 1266; 
cavalry, 683; embarkation, 800. 
859, 1448; evacuation, 452, 863; 
fortifications, 644, 696; Hessians 
on, 843, 859, 1276, 2122, 2225; 
horses collected by, 1846; huts, 
862, 1182; intentions, 1447; move 
ments, 337, 489, 681, 706, 714, 716, 
741, 749, 819, 823, 826, 880, 892, 
898, 910, 961, 970, 1001, 1006, 1026, 
1050, 1169, 1173, 1182, 1281, 1425, 
1466, 1469, 1471, 1490, 1493, 1495, 
1535, 1558, 1844, 2097, 2133, 2137, 
2225, 2226; position, 831, 862, 876, 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2667 



Long Island (New York) Continued. 
926, 952, 1128, 1151, 1181, 1263, 
1428, 1485, 1486, 1844, 1947, 2267, 
2273, 2293; preparations on, 719, 
977, 986; raids and ravages, 882, 
907, 1423, 1424; reenforcements, 
525 ; spy from, 1797 ; strength on, 
236, 718, 741, 1096, 1775, 2019; 
wagons from, 1784; 
Clinton on, 736, 1421, 1599; com 
mand at east end, 122; communica 
tion with, 1221, 1433, 1658; defense 
of, 63; distressed state, 1181; ex 
peditions against, attempts on, etc., 
189, 190, 197, 199, 246, 249, 267, 276, 
315, 320, 327, 330, 342, 416, 454, 511, 
595, 843, 869, 1029, 1622, 1630, 1657, 
1811 ; fortifications, 76, 153, 281 ; in 
telligence from, 189, 281, 324, 726, 
784, 810, 822, 1828; 

inhabitants, address to, 181; 
drafted by British, 1057; fear, 
1415; feeling, 199, 1364; oath of 
allegiance to the King, 179, 184; 
oppressed by British, 2439, 2441; 
petition, 1113 ; plundered, 275, 
824, 830, 840, 882, 887, 1170; pro 
tection of, 133 ; settlement of their 
accounts, 2437 ; 

loyalists and refugees, 68, 161, 167, 
168, 520, 848, 1071, 1364, 1558, 1580, 
1851, 1980, 2085, 2227; permits to 
visit, 1485, 2110 ; plundering on, 275, 
824, 830, 840, 882, 887, 1170, 1180, 
1470; prisoners on, 253, 598, 678, 
980, 1596, 1601, 1659, 1665, 2175, 
2333, 2343, 2344; raids and forays 
on, 188, 520, 983, 1166, 1851, see also 
under plundering; requests to visit, 
2376, 2406; retreat from, 178, 184; 
sawmills on, 914, 916; secret serv 
ice communication with, 1150; seiz 
ure of British vessels and goods, 
254, 261; seizure of stock, etc., 279, 
716, 1166, 1278; spies sent to, 309, 
2277 ; stock removed from, 134, 135 ; 
troops on, 159, 160, 170, 171, 190, 
1406, 1470; trading party from, 
2322. 

Long Island Sound, 1069, 1597, 2293; 
boats on, 719, 1470, 2314, 2330; 



Long Island Sound Continued. 

British boats, 1716, 2281, 2345; 
British fleets and ships, movements, 
etc., 178, 191, 371, 702, 718, 948, 
955, 956, 1079, 1165, 1167, 1425, 1453, 
1485, 1708, 1916, 1942, 1945, 2143; 
British intentions on, 963; British 
supplies transported on, 1415; Brit 
ish troops cross, 1109; cavalry 
posted near, 2294; expedition on, 
1110; flags passing on, 2346; loyal 
ist boats on, 733, 1716; lookout on, 
1421; militia on, 1340; navigation 
east of Frog s Neck, 1815 ; pilots for, 
1658 ; position of troops on, 834, 837 ; 
protection of vessels in, 111; re 
moval of stores from, 197; trans 
porting provisions down, 2010; 
vigilance on, 2235; whaleboats in, 
108, 325; wind on, 2293. 

Loocock, Aaron, of South Carolina, 
Letter from, 2301. 

Lookouts, 1901. 

Loomis, Libbeus, Adj., Swift s Con 
necticut regiment, 2427. 

Lord, Nathan, jr., Former It., 15th 
Continental infantry, 2279. 

LORD MULGRAVE, British cartel ship, 
2001. 

LORD STANLEY, British merchant ship, 
203. 

Loring, Joshua, British commissary 
general of prisoners, 997, 1154, 
1277, 1279, 1281, 1282, 1329, 1368, 
1636, 1713, 1742, 1744, 2018, 2182, 
2244; certificate, 617; complained 
to, 814; exchange negotiations with, 
1128, 1380, 1400, 1544, 1546, 1791, 
1910, 1911, 1941, 2034, 2459; requi 
sition, 1177. Letters from, 1154, 
1371, 1468, 1543, 1832, 1836, 1910, 
1941, 2037. Letters to, 235, 238, 244, 
247, 272, 277, 306, 1542, 1832, 1911, 
1941. 

Loring, Jotham, Lt. col., 3d Massa 
chusetts regiment, 941, 1071, 1718. 
Letter from, 1848. Letter to, 1772. 
1931. 

Loseaux (L Oiseau), Augustin, Capt., 
1st Canadian regiment, 157, 162. 

Losier, George, Loyalist, 2192, 2194. 



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Lossberg, Friedericii Wilhelin, Baron 
von, Lt. gen., Hessian allied troops, 
Letter from, 21G1. Letter to, 2171. 

Losses, 210, 1490, 1532, 1751, 1865, 1888, 
1985, 2146, 2158; British, 1078, 1364, 
1686, 1751, 1765, 1904, 1948, 1955, 
2226; British naval, 1958. 1961; 
French, 1762, 1969; returns or re 
ports, 514, 841, 1370, 1992. See also 
Killed and Wounded. 

Lott, Abraham, 2193. 

Lott, Philip, 2193, 2233, 2234, 2404 
2406. 

Lottery, 819, 922. 

Loudon, Samuel, Postmaster with the 
army, Letter from, 1781. 

I^oudou, Samuel. Printer. Fishkill, 
N. Y., 886, 2407. 

Loudoun county (Virginia), letter to 
commanding officer of militia, 862. 

Louis, see Colonel Louis. 

Louis XVI ("St. Louis"), King of 
France, 228, 1916, 1924. 2223, 2257; 
address of American officers to, 
2143; anniversary celebration, 1472, 
1483; answer to Grenville, 2245; 
desires peace, 2153 ; grants six mil 
lion livres to the United States, 
1849, 2357; and the Indians, 970; 
speeches and messages to Indians, 
942, 1496; invitation to Washington 
to visit France, 2266; letter to 
Rochambeau, 2101; ode on, 2438; 
orders to D Estaing. 712; orders 
thanksgiving, 1997; promises sup 
plies, 1634; refusal to conclude a 
peace with Great Britain unsatis 
factory to the United States, 2357; 
sensibility of joy shown by Amer 
ican army on birth of the dauphin, 
2316; Washington s faith in. 2359; 
regard for Washington. 2381. Let 
ter from, 1997. 

Louisiana, 1190; Spanish governor of, 
see Galvez. 

Lovebury, Jonathan. 1512. 

Loveless, , Loyalist, 1967. 

Lovell, James, Massachusetts dele 
gate, Continental Congress, 731, 
886; exchange of, 71, 72, 158, 159. 
Letter from. 2056. Letter to. 2053. 



Lovell, James, Ensign Lee s Addi 
tional Continental regiment; Adj.. 
Lee s dragoons, introduced to Wash 
ington, 2145. Letter to. 698. 

Lovett, James, Deputy quartermaster 
general in Rhode Island, 243, 247. 

Low, Caleb, Maj., Massachusetts 
levies, Letter to, 1547. 

Lowell, James, Letter from, 2332, 

Lowell, John, of Boston, Letter to, 
1682. 

Lowen. John, Deserter, Hessian yag 
ers, 338. 

Lowrey, Hoffman, 528. 

Lowrey (Lowry), Thomas, Commis 
sary general of issues, Continental 
army, 236, 602. Letters from, 231, 
1881. Letter to, 1868. 

Lowry, Stephen, Asst. deputy com 
missary general, Continental, 
army, 213, 215. 

LOYALIST, British sloop of war, 1937. 

Loyalists (Disaffected, Refugees, 
Tories, etc.), 68, 70, 90, 140, 161, 221, 
249, 258, 278, 296, 318, 332, 624, 658, 
826, 865, 944, 986, 1025. 1284, 1319, 
1584, 1631, 1740, 1761, 1865, 1884, 
1897, 1929, 1997, 2083, 2096, 2266, 
2311, 2397, 2429; activity, 715, 1807, 
1828, 2133, 22S8; advice, 877; aid 
British, 556, 698, 882, 1569; aid In 
dians, 1010; aid prisoners, 1997; 
arms, 449, 587, 1621 ; arrested, 1835 ; 
assembling of, 228, 1773; Associa 
tion of refugees, 822; assurances, 
816; asylum offered, 865; attack 
Brewster s boat, 1465; attacks, at 
tempts and enterprises against, 
64, 592, 1666, 1667, 1669, 1685, 1687, 
1690, 1691, 1692, 1693, 1694, 1696, 
1697, 1699, 1702, 1842; attempt to 
capture Washington, 2086; 

Board of Associated Loyalists, 

2090; directors, 2056, 2092, 2097, 

2098; status, 2083; suppressed, 

2296. Letter from, 2083; 

boats, 887, 1485, 160S. 1716, 1813, 

2227 ; blockhouse. 1S34 ; British and, 

178, 324, 1210, 1531, 2215; British 

efforts with. 1765; British land 



1775 1776 

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1777 1778 

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354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2669 



Loyalists Continued, 
grants to, 2215; Canadian refugees, 
1603; captured, 261, 312, 375, 378, 
418, 950, 1107, 1390, 1396, 1716, 1765, 
1918, 2128, 2135, 2253, see also un 
der seizure of; at Cherry Valley, 
835; civil trial, 2252: compelled to 
take oath of allegiance, 679; com 
pensation to, 2182; condemned for 
treason, 2152; condition, 910; con 
duct, 108, 308, 372; conduct toward 
American prisoners, 678; confusion 
among, 2191, 2217; conspiracies, 
plots, etc., 146, 211, 613, 1484, 1604, 
1607, 1728, 1729, 1750, 1755, 1756, 
1765, 1767. 1793; control of, 331; 
correspondence, 1032 ; counterfeit 
money, 1486; criminality, 2158; 
dance with New York militia, 2298; 
danger to spies from, 1300; defeats, 
85, 1893; delay in New York, 2443; 
desertions, 2225; despatches, 1842; 
destroyed by Indians, 2293; cause 
difficulties, 1765; directions to, 
1424; disarming, 47; distress, 836, 
883, 888; drafted, 481, 809, 1071; 
effect of a court ruling on, 1489; 
embarkations, 804, 850, 2085, 2254, 
2372, 2377, 2419; embodied, 800, 908, 
1621, 1784, 2002, see also under 
drafted and recruiting; executed, 
387, 388, 439, 602; families sent 
across Lake Champlain, 1576, 1582, 
1599 ; families conveyed to New 
York, 1593, 1597, 1652; feelings, en 
couragement, dejection, spirits, etc., 
378, 379, 475, 559, 827, 831, 837, 
1049, 1050, 1289, 1461, 1855, 1885, 2151, 
2191, 2194, 2217, 2226, 2254; feeling 
against, 2431; feeling against the 
British, 2092; feeling between Brit 
ish officers and, 2120; fortifications 
for, 848; in frontier settlements, 
1873; guards, 449; hopes of, 1194; 
impress horses, 1890; impressed, 
628, 1049; impressed by British, 
2307; insistence on New York gar 
rison, 824; instigation of, 413; in 
surrections, 300; intelligence from, 
786, 1050, 2195, 2199, 2218; inter 
course with, 2189; interrupt mail, 



Loyalists Continued. 
1584 ; lists, 168, 2107 ; meetings, 756, 
1783, 2296; mob scheme against, 
2426; movements, 646, 847, 901, 
1558, 2193, 2226, 2234, 2236, 2239, 
2246, 2248, 2307, 2308, 2321 ; ordered 
to join British, 1725; organization, 
772 ; outrage, 641 ; pardoned, 605 ; 
paroled by British, 1347; passports 
for, 2431; pay taxes with counter 
feit money, 1486, 1498; petition, 
794; plot, see under conspiracies; 
plundered, 124; posts, 1340, 1598, 
1773, 1842, 1843; prisoners, see 
Prisoners, loyalists ; proclamation 
respecting, 247; property, effects, 
etc., 584, 732, 773; property, goods, 
effects, etc., seized, 122, 129, 150, 
704, 734, 1029, 1417, 1886; property 
transported to British lines, 259; 
proposition to Clinton, 786; protec 
tion of, 1609; protection of inhabi 
tants from, 1380; punishment of, 
2253; pursuit of, 412; raids, raid 
ers, ravages, forays, expeditions, 
etc., 520, 587, 594, 659, 908, 1026, 
1071, 1241, 1234, 1253, 1372, 1491, 
1621, 1646, 1834, 1851, 1890, 2078, 
2081, 2101, 2107, 2109, 2253; re 
cruiting, raising of, etc., 377, 475, 
675, 697, 1821; register of, 1808; 
report on, 556; request terms, 2216; 
to resist attempt to send Lippincott 
to the American lines, 2107, 2108; 
restitution of confiscated estates, 
2368, 2405; seizure of, 42, 71, 110, 
135, 167, 230, 311, 418, 699, 704, 
1015, 1694, see also under captured; 
sentiments on departure of British 
peace commissioners, 855; settle 
ments, 881, 894 ; sloop captured, 108, 
516; spy, 439; status, 2191; stock, 
horses, sheep, cattle, etc., 440, 772, 
831, 882, 1417, 1542, 1890; success 
against, 1980; sufferings, 785; sup 
plies, 220; support, 253; suppression 
of, 111; suspects, 571, 1058, 1800, 
1846; sympathy for, 1906; teams, 
733, 2363; threat, 1580; treatment 
of, 118, 246, 253, 2103, 2213; troops, 
see Army, British, Provincial 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Loyalists Continued, 
troops; uprising, 601; in Vermont, 
2237, 2316; warnings against, 976; 
whale boats, 733; willingness to 
join the French against the British, 
2191 ; at Wyoming massacre, 682. 
Loyalty to America, 1673. 
Loyaute, Arnauld, Capt., French artil 
lery, recommended to Washington, 
357. Letter from, 346. 
Loziers (Lashaer), , Private, Con 
tinental army, 888, 894, 907, 913. 
Lucas, John, Member, Boston commit 
tee for raising troops, 2140. 
Ludlow, George James, Lt. and capt., 
1st Foot Guards, British army, ef 
forts in behalf of Asgill, 2060, 2137, 
2185. Letters from, 2181, 2196, 
2208. Letters to, 2169, 2185. 
Ludowick, Christopher, Baker-general. 
Continental army, Letters to, 379, 
411. 

Lumber (boards, plank), 1333, 1339, 
1429, 1471, 2114, 2118, 2235 ; 

boards, 178, 179, 180, 182, 183, 
184, 185, 188, 190, 193, 194, 198, 
231, 781, 809, 872, 1434, 1454, 1461, 
1463, 1464, 1471, 1506, 1823, 1857, 
1871, 2271, 2291, 2340; for boats, 
1875; impress of, 1461; need of, 
1458, 1460, 1513, 1640, 1642; pur 
chase of, 137, 1310; 
impress, 1427 ; want of, 855, see also 
timber ; 

plank, 1333, 1344, 1388, 1854, 
1895; deficiency, 1893; returns, 
1358, 2177; scantling, 183, 185; 
timber, 213, 1710, 1889, 2309, 2328; 
for bridges, 1886; collection of, 
2329; cut, 1524; expense, 2330; lack 
of seasoned, 1509. 

Lunt, Ezra, Capt., Henley s Additional 
Continental regiment, 1004. Letter 
to, 2078. 

Lurvey, James, Sergt., 5th Massachu 
setts regiment, 1710, 1711. Petition 
from, 1667. 

Lutterloh, Henry Emanual, Maj.; col., 
commissary of forage; forage master 
general; deputy quartermaster gen 
eral, 571 ; appointed, 1552 ; deranged, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Lutterloh, Henry Emanual Contd. 
581 ; opinion on winter quarters, 491 ; 
plan for legion. 229, 244 ; position in 
quartermasters department, 335; re 
marks on payment of damages, 447 ; 
remarks on wagonmaster s depart 
ment, 506; resigns as deputy quar 
termaster, 576. Letters from, 229, 
421, 471, 513, 528, 538, 550, 570, 575, 
581, 1711, 2172, 2173. Letters and 
instructions to, 335, 501, 507, 509, 
528, 576, 1945, 2137, 2170, 2209. 

Lux, George, Letter from, 573. 

Lyman (Lyon), Daniel, Capt., Lee s 
Additional Continental regiment; 
maj., aide to Heath, 256, 955, 984. 
Letters from, 1076, 2421. 

Lyman, Gamaliel D wight, Capt., 64th 
Foot, British army, 1135. Letter 
from, 1754. 

Lynch, John, Maj., J t th Maryland regi 
ment, 2258. Letter from, 2176. 

Lynes, Matthew, Deputy commissary 
of issues at Coos, N. II., 1199, 1271. 

Lynn Haven Bay (Virginia), 1758, 
1760. 

Lyon, Daniel, see Lyman. 

Lyon, David, Capt., 1st Neiv York 
regiment, 166. 

Lyon, James, Loyalist, Letters from, 
58, 108. Letter to, 950. 

Lyon, John, Loyalist. Letter from, 
950. 

Lytle (Little), Archibald, Lt. col., 6th 
North Carolina regiment, 399, 2035. 



M. 



M., see D. M. 

Mabon (Mabin, Maybin) James, Lt. 
and quartermaster, 2d Virginia 
regiment, 2040. 

McAlevy, William, Capt., Bedford 
county, Pennsylvania, riflemen, Let 
ter from, 248. 

McAlpen, George, 2316. 

McCall, James, Lt., 2d South Caro 
lina! regiment, 1443. 

McCallister, Archibald, Lt., 1st Mary 
land regiment, 1117, 2014. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2671 



McCallum, Kenneth, Enxign and quar 
termaster, Soutli Carolina Rangers, 
British provincial troops, Letter 
from, 2110. 

McCarny, Francis, 764. 

McCarthy, Charles, School teacher, 
Fishkill, N. Y., 1124. 

McCarthy, Mary, of Quebec, 1504. 

McCaskey, , 1351. 

McClanachan, Alexander, Lt. col. and 
col., 7th Virginia regiment, 102, 290. 
Letters to, 306, 584. 

McClelan, Thomas, Lt., 3d New York 
regiment, journal, 980, 1011, 1041. 

McClellan, John, Lt., 1st Pennsylvania 
regiment, 1024. 

McClellan, Joseph, Capt., 9th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1010. Letter to, 
1023. 

McClellen, Samuel, 929. Letter from, 
834. 

McClerry, William, Col., Pennsylvania 
militia, Letter from, 1565. 

McCloskey, Samuel A., Surgeon, 
Floiver s Artillery-artificer regiment, 
Letter from, 1485. 

McConnell, Matthew, Capt., 2d Canad 
ian and Invalid regiment, brig. maj. 
to Borre, 400, 2443; recommended 
to Washington, 399. Letter from, 
2450. 

McCord s Ferry (South Carolina), 
1933. 

McCormick, Daniel, of New York, Let 
ter from, 2289. 

McCormick, Henry, Brig.-maj., 1st 
Pennsylvania brigade, 1041, 1138, 
1323. 

McCormick, James, Private, 16th Con 
tinental Infantry, 188. 

McCormick, - , 1060. 

McCoy, John, Private, 21st Foot, Brit 
ish army, 372. 

McCoy, , Capt., British Provincial 

troops, 117. 

McCracken, Joseph, Maj., J^th New 
York regiment, 1306. Letter from, 
1332. 

McCrea, Stephen, Hospital surgeon, 
Letter from, 1405. Letter to, 1463. 



McCullen, , Capt. and overseer of 

coopers at Newburgh, Letters and 
orders to, 1477, 1481. 

McCulloch, John Whitefield, Private 
7th Foot, British army, 815. 

McCurdy, William, Capt., 1st Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 2135, 2142, 2170, 
2172. 

McFarland (McPharling), Duncan, 
601. 

McGinnis, John, Physician, Little Egg 
Harbor, New Jersey, Letter from, 
381. 

McDaniel, Michael, Private, 199. 

McDaniel, , Col., Loyalist?, 396. 

McDonald, Angus, Lt. col., Thruston s 
Additional Continental regiment, 
297. Letter to, 284. Regiment, 284. 

McDonald, Angus, Lt., 71st Foot, Brit 
ish army, 2161, 2164. 

McDonald, Donald, Sergt., 8th Penn 
sylvania regiment, 464. 

MacDonald, Donald, New York print 
er, 1068. 

McDonald, Donald, Volunteer, 76th 
Foot, British army, 2259, 2260, 2266. 

Macdonald, John, Lt., 80th Foot, Brit 
ish army, 2045. Letter from, 2044. 
Letter to, 2049. 

McDonald, Richard, Private, Maryland 
line, Letter from, 2075. 

McDougall, Alexander, Col., 1st New 
York regiment; brig, and maj. gen.. 
Continental army, 74, 142, 178, 185, 
196, 200, 202, 203, 256, 292, 302, 303, 
304, 348, 358, 423, 425, 436, 451, 453, 
463, 619, 635, 694, 702, 710, 723, 724, 
730, 731, 740, 741, 769, 796, 840, 873, 
904, 905, 921, 924, 933, 943, 944, 
963, 997, 1043, 1044, 1061, 1063, 
1097, 1115, 1565, 1572, 1593, 
1765, 1858, 1891, 1906, 2015, 2019, 
2027, 2028, 2355, 2356, 2357; leave 
of absence, 830, 838, 1188; arrest, 
2022, 2023, 2026; authorizes pass 
ports, 886; challenged, 335; charges 
against, 2023, 2026, 2071, 2072, 2074, 
2085; command, 250, 864, 872, 915, 
1181, 1184, 1866, 1926, 2268; com 
mutation of pay, 2383; conduct ap 
proved, 308 ; conference with a com- 



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McDougall, Alexander Continued, 
mittee of Congress, 2335; coopera 
tion with Putnam, 915; correspon 
dence with Carleton, 2214; court- 
martial, 2027, 2029, 2033, 2041, 2042, 
2049, 2050, 2058, 2073, 2091, 2148; 
differences with Livingston, 339, 
340, 341; dispute with Heath, 2029, 
2072, 2074, 2082. 2148, 2204, 2205, 
2206; duties, 976; election to Con 
gress, 1564, 1581, 1589; exchange, 
186; exchange commissioner. 2219, 
2221; financial straits, 2208; guard, 
2271, 2272; health, 222, 223, 550, 
1184, 1277, 2221, 2268; his instruc 
tions. 2017; letter to officers, 2354; 
movements, 306, 417, 418, 420, 422, 
740, 767, 770, 854; 

opinions, on attacking New 
York, 3382; in councils of war, 
725, 807, 1099, 1418; on issuing 
post at Continental village, 1908; 
on a Niagara expedition, 906; on 
obstructing the Hudson and de 
fense of Highlands, 321; on West 
Point garrison, 687; on wintering 
troops in Jersey, 830; 
personal affairs, 2210; position, 304, 
1037, 1049; poverty, 2221; private 
property rights, 2145; reenforce- 
ments, 268, 946; resignation, 222, 
223; retreat, 280; skirmish, 280; 
supplies, 306, 318. Letters, instruc 
tions, and orders from, 67, 100, 126, 
155, 166, 168, 174, 222, 223, 224, 227, 
254, 271, 280, 284, 289, 294, 300, 301, 
304, 306, 307, 308, 311, 312, 324, 325, 
330, 349, 401, 420, 422, 550, 588, 599, 
612, 622, 770, 784, 807, 820, 830, 839, 
852, 878, 881, 882, 883, 893, 899, 905, 
906, 908, 933, 937, 949, 950, 951, 960, 
961, 963, 968, 976, 979, 987, 994, 997, 
999, 1009., 1016, 1020, 1027, 1031. 
1037, 1039, 1041, 1049, 1051, 1078, 
1084, 1086, 1099, 1115, 1175, 1277, 
1418, 1555, 1588, 1712, 1878, 1897, 
1908, 1912, 2006, 2015, 2026, 2033, 
2044, 2072, 2145, 2148, 2204, 2208, 
2221, 2257, 2268, 2335, 2439, 2451, 
2453, 2454. Letters, instructions, 
and orders to, 50, 82, -101, 222, 226, 



McDougall, Alexander Continued. 
250, 258, 266, 267, 271, 272, 273, 274, 
281, 283, 293, 294, 299, 300, 302, 303, 
304, 305, 307, 309, 310, 311, 312, 314, 
319, 324, 326, 331, 347, 386, 417, 422, 
545, 575, 576, 580, 584, 586, 589, 593, 
594, 602, 607, 611, 614, 618, 619, 740, 
771, 781, 782, 810, 812, 838, 845, 851. 
854, 857, 864, 876, 880, 903, 911, 915, 
919, 924, 932, 935, 946, 947, 954, 957, 
960, 963. 967, 981, 985, 993, 996, 
1000, 1005, 1008, 1013, 1016, 1022, 
1027, 1028, 1034, 1036, 1038, 1039, 
1043, 1044, 1046, 1047, 1056, 1059, 
1060, 1062, 1064, 1066, 10G7, 1075, 
1077, 1081, 1088, 1110, 1112, 1180, 
1184, 1188, 1271, 1342, 1363, 1384, 
1550, 1550-1551, 1553, 1564, 1570, 
1581, 1825, 1866, 1868, 1874, 1877, 
1S79, 1881, 1888, 1891, 1895, 1901, 
1903, 1905, 1913, 1918, 1925, 1926, 
2020, 2023, 2029, 2030, 2049, 2071, 
2205, 2210, 2219, 2268, 2442. Bri 
gade, 214, 349, 350, 351; division, 
455, 489, 767, 770, 851, 2210; regi 
ment, 155, 166, 168. 

McDougall, Mrs. Alexander, 852. 

McDougall, Ronald Stephen, Lt., 1st 
New York regiment, 224, 273, 2383. 

McDowall, Alexander, British spy?, 
1767. 

McEwen ( McEuen ) Malcom, Lt., Lash-^ 
er s Neiu York regiment, 149. 

McFall, David, Capt., Queens Rangers, 
British provincial troops, 807, 808, 
817. 

McFarland, Moses, Capt., Invalid 
corps, Letter from, 1898. 

McFarson, John, see McPherson. 

McGowan, John, Capt., Invalid regi 
ment, 2009, 2402. 

McGraw, Patrick, Private, Jst Cana 
dian regiment, I486. 

McGuire, John, Capt., Grayson s Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, 292. 

McHenry, James, Maj., It. col., asst. 
secy, to Washington; aide to La 
fayette; senator, Maryland legisla 
ture, 573, 820, 825, 833, 839, 885, 890, 
896, 950, 1127, 1129, 1167, 1245, 
1415, 2176; personal matters, 2013; 



1775 
I ages 

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INDEX 



2673 



McHenry, James Continued, 
resignation, 2013 ; services, 1809. 
Letters from, 617, 633, 639, 685, 
693, 707, 708, 719, 722, 789, 792, 798, 
828, 830, 837, 838, 903, 931, 936, 937, 
938, 947, 956, 957, 960, 968, 986, 989, 
991, 1010, 1020, 1045, 1120, 1176, 
1180, 1259, 1266, 1279, 1285, 1290, 
1296, 1388, 1405, 1785, 2013. 2174, 
2331. Letters to, 358, 640, 642, 828, 
890, 1254, 1372, 1388, 2320. Drafts 
and copies by, 619, 621, 623, 627, 
628, 631, 632, 635, 642, 649, 650, 652, 
658, 660, 662, 664, 671, 672, 673, 674, 
677, 687, 689, 691, 692, 695, 696, 
701, 704, 706, 708, 709, 711, 713, 717, 
718, 721, 723, 724, 728, 746, 747, 750, 
751, 753, 756, 758, 763, 766, 776, 777, 
778, 780, 781, 782, 785, 788, 793, 795, 
797, 798, 799, 803, 806, 808, 810, 811, 
812, 813, 814, 816, 824, 825, 827, 832, 
835, 836, 837, 838, 841, 842, 843, 845, 
849, 852, 853, 856, 857, 858. 861, 866, 
867, 868, 869, 874, 875, 876, 878, 879, 
881, 882, 884, 885, 889, 897, 914, 915, 
916, 917, 919, 920, 921, 923, 925, 926, 
928, 930, 931, 932, 941, 944, 947, 948, 
950, 951, 953, 954, 956, 957, 959, 961, 
962, 965, 966, 967, 969, 970, 971, 973, 
975, 976, 978, 980, 981, 983, 984, 989, 
993, 994, 995, 996, 997, 998, 1000, 
1002, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1007, 1008, 
1010, 1011, 1012, 1013, 1014, 1015, 
1016, 1017, 1018, 1019, 1022, 1024, 
1025, 1027, 1028, 1031, 1032, 1034, 
1036, 1038, 1039, 1040, 1042, 1043, 
1044, 1045, 1046, 1048, 1049, 1106, 
1107, 1108, 1109, 1110, 1111, 1112, 
1113, 1115, 1116, 1117, 1118, 1119, 
1120, 1122, 1123, 1124, 1125, 1129, 1130, 
1131, 1132, 1133, 1134, 1135, 1136, 
1138, 1139, 1140, 1141, 1143, 1145, 
1146, 1148, 1149, 1150, 1152, 1153, 
1154, 1155, 1156, 1157, 1158, 1161, 
1162, 1163, 1164, 1165, 1166, 1167, 
1168, 1170, 1173, 1174, 1179, 1180, 
1181, 1184, 11S5, 1187, 1188, 1189, 1190, 
1191, 1192, 1193, 1196, 1197, 1200, 
1201, 1203, 1204, 1205, 1207, 1208, 
1210, 1214, 1219, 1221, 1224, 1228, 
1230, 1234, 1237, 1239, 1240, 1242, 



McHenry, James Continued. 

1243, 1246, 1249, 1252, 1253, 1254, 
1258, 1260, 1263, 1265, 1269, 1270. 
1271, 1272, 1276, 1281, 1282, 1283, 
1285, 1286, 1287, 1289, 1290, 1292, 
1295, 1296, 1299, 1375, 1377, 1380, 
1386, 1388, 1393, 1394, 1397, 1398, 
1399, 1400, 1412, 1416, 1417, 1421, 
1429, 1433, 1436, 1441, 1442, 1449, 
1556, 2049. 

Machin, John, Deserter from Welsh 
Fusileers, 1. 

Machin, Thomas, Lt., Knox s artillery ; 
capt.-lt. and capt., 2d Continental 
artillery, 122, 151, 1986, 2232, 2334. 
Orders to, 2127. 

Machine, to defend the Hudson, 706. 

Machines, dish-turners, 1471. See also 
Crane and Letter press-copying ma 
chine. 

Machingwe Geeshooch, sec Brodhead, 
Daniel. 

Mclntire (Mclntyre), Thomas, Capt., 
Independent Pennsylvania company; 
8th Pennsylvania regiment, 1380, 
1411, 1454, 1535; thanked by Wash 
ington, 1574. Letter to, 1158. 

Mclntire, -, 1123. 

Mclntosh, Lachlan, CoL, 1st Georgia 
regiment; brig, gen., Continental 
army, 74, 552, 564, 591, 628, 912, 
915, 916, 918, 936; arouses dislike, 
903; authority to inspect hospitals, 
592; charges against Morgan, 979, 
1017 ; charges against Sullivan, 979 ; 
commands Georgia troops, 76; com 
mand on western frontier, 620, 627, 
628, 934, 942; conduct of western 
department, 1017; difficulties, 643, 
793; exchange, 2034; harmony with 
Brodhead, 920; ideas on regulation 
of army, 556 ; movements, 992 ; of 
ficers dislike, 946; opinion on the 
frontier situation, 949; orders, 978; 
plan for redoubts, 874 ; position, 
585; in Southern department, 1285. 
Letters from, 76, 80, 97, 290, 556, 
582, 585, 643, 915, 925, 942, 949, 965, 
991, 1001, 1017. Letters, instruc 
tions, and orders to, 119, 197, 519, 



1779 1780 1781 

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2674 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Mclntosh, Lachlan Continued. 

580, 583, 591, 592, 627, 645, 912, 918, 
920, 922, 934, 943. 959, 1017. 

Mclntosh, Lachlan, jr., Capt., 1st 
Georgia regiment, Orders to, 628. 

Mclntosh, Loughlin, Commissary, 
British army, 267, 277. 

Mclntyre, Thomas, see Mclntire. 

McKay, James, Lt., King s American 
regiment, British provincial troops; 
commandant of Fort Watson, 1797. 

McKay, Samuel, Capt., Canadian com 
pany, British provincial troops, Let 
ter from, 91. Letter to, 91. 

McKean (McKeen), Robert, Capt., 
Nciv York levies, 737. 

McKean, Thomas, Delaware delegate, 
Continental Congress; chief justice 
of Pennsylvania, 539, 1251. 

McKee, Alexander, 942. 

McKee, Feter, 248. 

McKeen, Robert, see McKean. 

McKennan, William, Lt., Delaware 
regiment, Letter from, 2021. 

McKensey (McKenzie), Neil, Private, 
3d Pennsylvania regiment, 601. 

McKensie, John, 719. 

McKensie, Samuel, Surgeon, 3d Penn 
sylvania regiment, 277. 

McKenzie, see McKensey. 

MacKenzie, Robert, Capt., J t 3d Foot, 
British army, Letter from, 275. 
Letter to, 203. 

McKesson, John, Secy., New York 
State committee, 212. 

McKinney, David, Justice of the peace, 
Northumberland county, Pennsyl 
vania, 1325, 1327, 1335, 1338. 

McKnight, Charles, Surgeon; surgeon 
general of hospital, middle depart 
ment; chief hospital physician, 89, 
125, 139, 1576. Letters to, 1196, 
1451, 1573. 

McLane, Allen, Capt., Patton s Addi 
tional Continental regiment; Pulas- 
ki s corps; Lee s legion, 646, 1052, 
1237; accounts, 635; authority to 
impress, 2051; his command. 639, 
1225; employs dragoons, 633; com 
pany, 1020, 1064; losses, 1225; 
movements, 631 ; pay, 635 ; personal 



McLane, Allen Continued, 
encounter, 646; promotion, 1240; 
rank, 1225 ; recomioissance, 646 ; 
reconnoiter of British fleet off the 
Virginia capes, 19S2; resignation, 
1486, 1495, 1499; services, 1225, 
I486, 2013. Letters from, 480, 515, 
625, G39, 640, G42, 646, 649, 1225, 
I486. Letters and orders to, 481, 
522, 634, 637, 639, 1052, 1073, 1982. 

Maclay, William, of Sunbury, Pennsyl 
vania, 1327, 1335. 

Maclean, Allan, Col, 84th Foot; Brit 
ish army; brig. gen. in America, 
2394, 2425; Indian speech to, 2297; 
his letter to Lincoln, 2412; meas 
ures to stop hostilities, 2386; news 
of peace sent, 2371, 2376. Letters 
from, 2386, 2421. Letters to, 2341, 
2371, 2419. 

McLean, James, Lt., Invalid regiment, 
2443. 

McLeod (MacLeod), William, Retired 
captain of artillery, British army, 

__1335. Letters from, 1128, 1336. 

McLonen, Daniel, of Delaware, Let 
ter from, 623. 

McMahon, , Sergt., British army, 

581. 

McMaster, John, Asst. deputy quar 
termaster general, Letter from, 1505. 

McMechen, William, Surgeon, 4th Vir 
ginia regiment, Letter from, 489. 

McMechen, Mrs. William, 489. 

McMichael, Edward, Lt., 3d New Jer 
sey regiment, 160, 165; deserts, 170, 
171. 

McMichael, James, Lt., 13th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 547, 549. 

McMichael, Ward, American spy?, 
2184. 

McMichael, William, Lt., 3d Neiv Jer 
sey regiment, 1774, 2016. 

McMurray, William, Capt., Sappers 
and Miners, 1344. 

McNabb, Duncan, British deserter, 
834, 839. 

Macnair, Ebenezer, Merchant, Flat- 
bush, Long Island, 1659. 

Macnair, Ralph, & Co., Merchants, 
Flatbush, Long Island, debts due 



JANUARY-JUNE 

JULY-DECEMBEK 



1775 1776 

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1 GO -137 

1-60 137-229 



1777 1778 

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229-354 515-675 

354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2675 



Macnair, Ralph, & Co. Continued, 
from American officers, 1659. Let 
ters from, 2333, 2344. 

McNaughton (McNughton), Peter, 
British deserter, 834, 839. 

McNeill, Hector, Capt., Continental 
navy, 366. 

McNutt, Alexander, Col.; of Nova 
Scotia, 879, 887. Letters from, 745, 
878, 886, 896. 

Macombe, James, Agent, Fludyer & 
Co., of London, Letter from, 428. 

Macomber, Ebenezer, Capt., Rhode Is 
land regiment, 2348; to answer in 
terrogatories, 2342; deserters taken 
by, 2320; orders for his guidance, 
2304; report, 2315, 2317. Letter 
from, 2315. Letters to, 2304, 2308. 

McPharling, see McFarland. 

McPherson, Duncan, Col., 71st Foot, 
British army, Letter from, 1937. 

Macpherson, Duncan, Lt. col., 73d 
Foot, British army, Letter from, 
1131. 

McPherson, John, Capt., 17th Foot, 
British army, 411. 

McPherson, John, Private, 8th Penn 
sylvania regiment, 1052. 

Macpherson, Robert, Lt., 7th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 1008. 

Macpherson, William, Former It. and 
adj., 16th Foot, British army; maj., 
Continental army; aide to Lafay 
ette, appointment and the trouble 
caused by it, 1431, 1448, 1449, 1469, 
1503; assistance to Lafayette, 1775; 
Greene s wish to oblige, 1868; 
merit, 1795, 2434; resignation from 
British army and escape, 889 ; saves 
flour from enemy, 1782; services, 
1910. Letter from, 1946. Letter to, 
1966. 

Macumber, Mathew, Ensign, 16th Con 
tinental Infantry, 186. 

McWhorter, Alexander, of Morri- 
town, N. J., chaplain, brigade of ar 
tillery, 222. Letter to, 788. 

MacWilliarns, William, Maj., aide to 
Stirling, 457. 



Macy, , Sergt., BartleWs New 

Hampshire militia regiment?, 1492, 
1493. 

Magaw, Robert, Maj., Thompson s 
Pennsylvania rifle battalion; col. 
5th Pennsylvania regiment, 187, 200, 
201; exchange, 1215, 1229; sum 
mons to surrender and his refusal, 
207. Letters from, 10, 207, 285, 354. 
Letters to, 221, 296, 1229. 

Magazines, 107, 249, 260, 266, 343, 618. 
705, 809, 863, 983, 1105, 1133, 1249, 
1424, 1483, 2156, 2190, 2224, 2232, 
2258, 2262, 2271, 2275, 2280, 2325; 
arms in, 1432; arms from, 1721; 
articles in, 838; artillery, 222, 235; 
bread, 1236; British, 245, 862, 909, 
1181; building of, 2228, 2231, 2403, 
2405, 2433; clothing, 1151, 1307, 
1352; danger to, 307, 314, 2145, 
2154; depleted, 837; director of, 
260; establishment of, 727, 749, 803, 
845, 855, 912, 1525, 1816, 1907, 2420 ; 
forage, 322, 508, 537, 538, 879, 893, 
1175, 1195, 1241, 2032; flour, 309, 

310, 752, 1234, 1777; forming, 202, 
756, 924, 1096, 1123, 1130, 1139, 
1191, 1234, 1928, 2231; guard, 271, 
272, 314, 320, 322, 589, 2379; in 
crease of, 931; location, position, 
etc., 205, 235, 242, 281, 309, 324, 332, 
370, 376, 589, 835, 950, 1127, 
1450, 1759, 1816, 1823, 1892, 2041, 
2093, 2181, 2187, 2232, 2234, 2239, 
2245, 2248, 2253; meat, 1294, 1300; 
needed, 1595; opinion of general of 
ficers desired on, 2084 ; powder, 1238, 
2145, 2154, 2167, 2232, 2234, 2460; 
preparation of, 946; protection, 903; 
of provisions, 86,- 198, 199, 307, 310, 

311, 324, 347, 416, 508, 617, 661, 917, 
919, 990, 1101, 1121, 1334, 1359. 1494, 
1691, 2219, 2295; queries respecting, 
2087; removal of, 247, 884; repairs, 
2340; rum and whisky in. 400; 
saved, 1828; size of, 982; state of, 
687, 1738, 2129; stocking of, 990; 
stores in, 1277, 2379; of supplies, 
271, 866, 873, 1239, 1389, 1407, 2147; 
thefts, 2347; tools, 879. 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Maghingua Keesoch, see Brodhead, 
Daniel. 

Magistrates, applications and appeals 
to, 1033, 1218, 1222, 1335, 1778; ex 
ertions of, 1240; help and aid in 
collecting supplies, cattle, grain, 
etc., 1220, 1222, 1224, 1225, 1229, 
1237, 1238, 2173 ; interfere with mili 
tary furloughs and discharges, 
1307 ; letters to, 1321 ; meeting, 1225 ; 
refuse to grant impress warrants, 
1764; relations with, 1273; stimula 
tion of, 1298; settle contested de 
serters cases, 2308. 

MAGNIFIQUE, French ship of war, Con 
gress offer to replace, 2238; 
wrecked, 2200, 2201, 2209. 

Mahan, Hezekiah, Maj., South Caro 
lina State dragoons, 1798. 

Maidenhead (New -Jersey), 392. 

Mail, see Post. 

Maine, coast and interior, 29. 

Maitland, Alexander, Col., 49th Foot, 
British army, 1168. 

Major, brevet, 2003; British, 893; 
rank, 1722, 2123; see also Brigade- 
majors. 

Major generals, 264; commands, 649; 
list, 515; needed, 311; rank, 1981. 
Letter to, 1231. 

Makingweegesuch (Machingwe Gees- 
hoch, Maghingua Keesoch = The 
Great Moon), Delaware name of 
Col. Daniel Brodhead q. v. 

Malcorn, William, Col., Additional 
Continental regiment; deputy adju 
tant general, Northern department; 
col., New York levies, 231, 252, 453, 
504, 637, 696, 697, 741, 782, 850, 954, 
983, 1049, 1454, 1501, 1518, 1522, 
1558, 1601, 1602; leave of absence, 
519, 520; boat, 1490, 1525; cattle 
for, 1463, 1465; command, 880; ap 
pointed deputy adjutant general of 
Northern department, 632, 644; 
movements, 1426, 1455, 1473, 1474, 
14SO, 1516; observations respecting 
West Point, 1435 ; opinion on a pro 
vision issue, 1573; orders of, 701; 
personal needs, 1611; position, 1051, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Malcom, William Continued. 
1455, 1470; recommended, 230; rep 
resents officers in contract dispute, 
2150; resignation, 519, 520; services, 
1587. Letters from, 393, 416, 418. 
519, 696, 699, 720, 722, 733, 744, 752, 
780, 783, 788, 792, 809, 822, 834, 842, 
850, 855, 976, 978, 987, 989, 999, 
1000, 1047, 1051, 1154, 1435, 1444. 
1452, 1455, 1464, 1469, 1474, 1480. 
1488, 1498, 1516, 1537, 1544, 1559. 
1563, 1570, 1575, 1587, 1600, 1611, 
1614. Letters, instructions, and or 
ders to, 352, 418, 420, 520, 689, 693, 
697, 702, 705, 706, 709, 714, 721, 724, 
730, 735, 755, 782, 788, 810, 824, 838, 
857, 872, 876, 989, 994, 1049, 1052. 
1426, 1441, 1448, 1456, 1463, 1470, 
1473, 1476, 1478. 1487, 1516, 1530, 
1572, 1605. Regiment, 352, 416, 420, 
446, 834, 968, 971, 975, 978, 989, 994, 
997, 999, 1000, 1001, 1009, 1039. See 
also Burr, Aaron. 

Maiden (Massachusetts), 10. 

Malesherbes, Chretien Guillaume de 
Lamoignon de, Royal councillor, 
Minister of State of France, 2413. 
2417. Letter from, 2350. 

Mallet, Jonathan, Surgeon, British 
army, Letters from, 1127, 1148. 

Malmedy, Francois, Marquis de, CoL, 
Continental army, 291, 914. Letter 
from, 859. Letters to, 319, 878. 

Mamaroneck (New York), 1080, 1891. 

Manalapan road (New Jersey), 669. 

Manchac (Louisiana), 1255. 

Manchester (Virginia), 2223. 

Mandeville (New York), 1189. 

Mange", Peter, Sea captain of Salem, 
Mass., 2339-2340, 2343, 2344. Letter 
from, 2342. 

Manifestoes, see Proclamations. 

Manigault s Ferry (South Carolina). 
1704. 

Manley (Manly), John, Capt., Conti 
nental navy, 38, 43, 54, 99, 132, 169 ; 
captures, 41, 42, 50, 53, 70, 71, 344, 
366 ; crew, 61 ; pay, 61 ; recom 
mended to Washington, 2207. Let 
ters to, 71. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2677 



Manning, Abraham, Sheriff, Bergen 
count]/, New Jersey, 2076. Letter 
from, 2049. 

Manning, Ephraim, Gapt., 20th Conti 
nental Infantry, Letter from, 139. 

Manning, James, Rhode Island clergy 
man, 1389, 1399. 

Manning, Lawrence, Sergt.-maj., 2d 
Canadian regiment, introduced to 
Washington, 421. 

Manoeuvers (Operations, etc.), 328, 
530, 869, 991, 992, 1400, 1738, 1803, 
1836, 1897, 1914, 2040, 2234, 2238, 
2256, 2362; British, 477, 1469, 1875; 
feints, 666, 935, 1318; of French 
fleet, 692, 1472, 1956-1957; manual 
of, see Regulations; orders for, 
1328, 2262; plan of, 1315; practice 
of, 1159; uniformity of, 611, 612. 
See Ambuscades also Tactics. 

Mansfield Betsey, Sister-in-law to Ben 
edict Arnold, Letter from, 1492. 
Letter to, 1494. 

Mansfield, Samuel. Gapt., 2d Continen 
tal artillery, 234, 243. 

Manslaughter, 2185. 

Manufacturers, refuse to supply arti 
cles, 1297 

Manufactures, articles lost to public, 
1293; cartridge boxes, 770; car 
tridges, 595; leather caps, 1646; 
military, 2378, 2379, 2380; quality 
of, 1665; shoes, 770; wagons, 569; 
workmen needed for, 595. 

Maples, Thomas, of Boston, 17. 

Maps (Drafts; Sketch plans, etc.), 75, 
774, 795, 949, 1226, 1264, 1349, 1350, 
1403, 1439, 1442, 1599, 1604, 1627, 
1631, 1636, 1719, 1743, 1806, 1811, 
1814, 1824, 1834, 1911, 1955; British 
fortifications at New York, 1421; 
British fortifications at Brooklyn, 
2033 ; burned, 1600 ; of country from 
Chester to Philadelphia, 405; of 
French position, 1585; of Halifax 
harbor, 1376; of Highlands. 1057; 
of Hudson river, 585; east side of 
the Hudson, 1446; of Indian 
country, 925, 926, 947, 1008 ; of Lake 
and route from Fort Schuyler to 
Oswego. 1080 ; of south side of Lake 



Maps Continued. 

Ontario, 968; of New York island, 
2283; publication of, 2392, 2400, 
2403, 2451 ; of Quebec, 2459 ; of seat 
of war, 2403, 2451. 

Marauders, 351, 1669; American, 
1667; British, 988, 1153, 1169, 2242; 
executed, 1372; law respecting, 
1750; loyalist, 1234, 1384, 1834, 
2253. 

Marauding expeditions, British, 1698, 
2134; loyalist, 1026, 1646; preven 
tion of, 802, 1698. See also Banditti 
and Raids. 

Marblehead (Massachusetts), 537, 
1781. 

Marbois, see, Barbe-Marbois. 

March, John, Ensign, 3d New Hamp 
shire regiment, Letter from, 26. 

March, Samuel, Lt. col. 18th Continen 
tal Infantry, Letter from, 74. 

MarechaussSe corps, 1368, 2176; ac 
coutrements, 754; clothing, 1309, 
completion of, 749; duties, 476, 787; 
detachment, 2176 ; equipment, 642 ; 
horses, 642, 1848; needed, 1366; of 
ficers, 754; orders to, 1802; pay, 
1848 ; petition to be reformed, 1309 ; 
plan of establishment, 471 ; raising, 
476; corps returns, 749, 1085, 1339; 
supplies, 754; value, 1848. See also 
under Heer, Bartholomew von. 

Mares, see Horses. 

Marie Antoinette Josephe Jeanne 
d Autriche, Queen of France, 755, 
936. 

Marie Therese Charlotte, Princess, 
daughter of Louis, XVI, 936. 

Marigny, Bernard de, Capt., French 
navy, 1847, 1855. 

Marine committee, see Congress. 

Marine establishment, see Navy, Con 
tinental. 

Mariners, see Seamen. 

Marines, British, 495, 1967, French, 
1957, 1958, 1963. 

Marion, Francis, Brig, gen., South 
Carolina militia, 1740; account of 
capture of Fort Watson, 1798; Brit 
ish fail to surprise, 2247; defeated, 
2055; effect of his activity, 1796; 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Marion, Francis Continued. 

reduces Fort Mott, 1828. Letters 
from, 1699, 1704, 1795, 1798. 

Market, 534 ; establishment of a camp, 
607. 

Markham, Barzillai, Ensign, 8th Con 
necticut regiment, 23. 

Markley, Charles, Capt., Armand s 
legion, 2136. 

Marony, William, Provost marshal, 
Continental Army, commission and 
instructions to, 64 ; warrant to, 135. 

Marquees, see Tents. 

Married men, see Privates. 

Marsh, Daniel, Contractor for cattle, 
Essex county, Neic Jersey, Letter 

from, 1484. Letter to, 1361. 

Marsh, John, 191. 

Marsh, John, Private, 1st North Caro 
lina regiment, 371. 

Marsh, Joseph, Chairman, general com 
mittee of the New Hampshire grants 
contiguous to Connecticut river, 
1588. Letter from, 1595. 

Marsh, William, Officer, British navy, 
100. 

Marshall, Christopher, Capt., 10th 
Massachusetts regiment, 2079, 2098. 

Marshall, J. B., Asst. commissary of 
issues. 1437. 

Marshall, Samuel B., Asst. commissary 
of issues, magazine storekeeper for 
contractors. Letters from, 1466, 

1472, 1482, 1488, 2080. Letters to, 

1473, 1482, 1487, 1493, 1499, 1529. 
Marshall, Thomas, Boston selectman, 

80. 

Marshall, Thomas, Col., 10th Massa 
chusetts regiment, Letter to, 1114. 

Marshall, Thomas, Col., 3d Virginia 
regiment, Letter to, 286. 

Marston, John, Lt., 1st Virginia regi 
ment, 1013. 

Martha s Vineyard (Massachusetts), 
British demand beef from, 1495; 
British expedition against, 2140, 
2253; British fleet off, 1488, 1495, 
1503; British forage on, 1585; Brit 
ish seize stock. 737, 741; British 



1775 
Pages 

JANUARY JUNHI 1 

JULY-DECEMBER-- _ 1-60 



Martha s Vineyard Continued. 

vessels captured at, 31, 33, 36. See 
also under Tupper, Benjamin. 

Martial law, see Law. 

Martin, Abraham H., see Martlings. 

Martin, Alexander, Col., 2d North 
Carolina regiment, 399. Letter 
from, 320. Regiment, 320. 

Martin, Ephraim, Col., 4th Neiv Jersey 
regiment, 270. Letter from. 1375. 

Martin, Hugh, Surgeon s mate, 12th 
and 10th Virginia regiments, 192. 
Letters from, 2448, 2456. 

Martin, John, Letter from, 915. 

Martin, Joseph. Col., agent Indian af 
fairs for State of Virginia, 1979. 

Martin, Josiah, Royal governor of 
North Carolina, Letter from, 171. 

Martin, William, Lt., Spencer s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 333, 
334, 336. 

Martindale, Sion, Capt., Church s 
Rhode Island regiment; commander 
of Continental armed vessel, 33, 49, 
166; vessel and crew, 38, 40, 44, 47, 
49, 51. 

Martinique (Martinico, West Indies), 
1282, 1290, 1646, 2345; arms from, 
298; battle off, 1846, 1849, 1851, 
1863, 2116, 2120, 2130, 2133, 2141, 
2148, 2174, 2193, 2390; see also 
under Navy, British ; Navy, French ; 
Rodney, George Brydges, and de 
Grasse; blockade at, 1779; French 
aid from, 234, 257; French arrival 
at, 1323, 1329, 1668, 1848, 2289, 
2293; intelligence from, 1644, 1850; 
stores from, 520. 

Martlings (Martin, Martling), Abra 
ham H., of Peekskill, N. Y.; sea 
captain and pilot, 1152, 1389, 1392. 
Letter from, 1398. Letter to, 1147. 

Martlings, Barent, Lt., New York 
State troops; quartermaster depart 
ment, Letter from, 1690. 

Marvin, Elihu, Justice of the peace, 
Cornwall precinct, New York, Let 
ter from, 1769. 

Marvin, Elihu, Adj., 4th Connecticut 
regiment, 287. 

Marwin, William, Letter from, 826. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2679 



Maryland, 1024, 1322, 1652, 2049, 2267, 
2282; action on obtaining supplies 
for the army, 1640; aid to, 1032; 
application to, 5064; applications to 
enter, 2305, 2312; attitude of, 1632; 
boundary commissioners, 2021, see 
also Virginia, boundary commission 
ers; bounty, 355, 537; British in 
vasion of, 1917; calls in State and 
Continental money, 1640; cattle pur 
chases in, 551; clothing, 461, 1279, 
2325; and the Confederation, 1709, 
1724, 1734; confiscation of British 
property, 1640; Convention troops 
removed to, 1632, 1642; cooperation 
of Virginia, 415; counties, 620; 
credit, 1625; defense of the Chesa 
peake, 2180; delegates in Congress, 
2312; eastern shore, 1828; efforts, 
1745; election evils, 1625; executive, 
1625, 2312; finances, 1938; forage, 
1346; grants allowance to soldiers 
widows and orphans, 1701 ; 

legislature, 1584, 1784, 2176; 
action toward filling state line, 
2193; acts, 361, 1640, 1685, 1686; 
affairs, 2013; disqualifies military 
officers for seats in, 1701; efforts 
and exertions, 1660, 1852; 

Assembly, act, 361; arranges 
rank, 300; committee reports, 
1686, 1701; letter to, 1603; dispo 
sition of, 1608; dispute in, 1621; 
efforts, 2064; handicaps, 1608; 
council, 1226, 2337; 
lethargy, 625; loyalists, 613, 1531; 
manslaughter case, 2185 ; merchants, 
2339 ; military officers disqualified for 
civil office, 1701 ^officers, 1279 ; prices, 
1625; recruiting law, 1301; refusal 
to honor Gates bills, 1580; requisi 
tion on, 1603, 1621; seamen, 2164, 
2166; in Southern department, 
1590; subscription to be called for, 
1590; supplies, 1827; tax, 2174; 
threatened, 1032; tobacco, 634; 

troops, 182, 281, 924, 2394; ac- 
couterments, 1938, 1942; aid in 
transportation, 810 ; appearance 
complimented, 2335; arms, 1938, 
1942; arrangement, 969, 976, 1011, 



Maryland Continued. 

1022, 1024, 1608, 1747, 1984; ar 
tillery, 536; artillery and stores, 
1304 ; beg their way north from 
Southern army, 2136; blankets, 
1938; brigade, 1216; brigades, 
First, 757, 773, 1279; Second, 773, 
774, 830; brigading of, 287; cav 
alry, 1917; clothing, 520, 705, 
1566, 1938, 1971, 2081; collecting, 
609, 1317; completing or filling, 
520, 545, 620, 1464, 1584, 1603, 
2193 ; desertions, 1935 ; discharges 
2401; drafts, 648; equipment, 
1532, 1917, 1964, 2081; in hospi 
tal, 2251; levies, 1870; line, 1024, 
1297, 1500, 1566, 1584, 2081, 2167, 
2181, 2193, 2251; militia, 403, 407, 
408, 410, 627, 1625, see also Rum- 
sey, Charles; movements, 304, 314, 
609, 1296, 1297, 1299, 1303-1304, 
1309, 1319, 1327, 1490, 1532, 1584, 
1853, 1964, 1971, 2244, 2251, 2394, 
2401; needed, 1958; nine months 
men, 1978; 

officers, 507, 707, 757, 773, 774, 
830, 899, 921, 931, 1024, 1216, 1279, 
1452, 1532, 1534; arrangement, see 
under arrangement ; brigade, 969 ; 
letter to commanding officers, 
1231; complaint, 685; disqualified 
for civil office, 1701 ; establish shoe 
factory, 899; letter to field offi 
cers, 1024 ; letters and instructions 
to field officers, 921, 931 ; qualifica 
tions, 969 ; rank, 679, 799, 1789 ; 

pay, 518, 1701 ; promotions, 
1500; recruits, recruiting, raising, 
enlisting, etc., 231, 300, 310, 572, 
580, 620, 623, 970, 1295 ; 1301, 1377, 
1452, 1532, 1603, 1608, 1685-1686, 
1764, 1917, 1932, 1964, 1971, 2064, 
2081, 2136, 2172, 2180, 2217, 2251, 
2394; reenforcements, 1848; regi 
menting of, 1024; 

regiments, 545, 1464, 2193, see 
also Smallwood, William; First 
regiment, 215, 231, 533; see also 
Stone, John Hawkins. Second, sec 
Price, Thomas. Third, 1917, 1938. 
see also Gist, Mordecai, and Lans- 



1779 1780 1781 

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2680 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Maryland Continued. 

dale, Thomas. Fourth, 1942. 
Fifth, 516, 535, 1942. Sixth, 1558, 
see also Williams, Otho Holland. 
Additional regiment, 1452, 1508, 
1583, 1584; letter to commanding 
officer of, 1429, 1430; 

reports to be made of, 2165 ; re 
turns, 830, 1583; sick, 1318; sick 
and wounded, 2167; sufferings, 
2136; 

western shore, 1828; willingness of, 
1971; women s subscription to the 
army, 1551. 

Maryland Journal and Baltimore Ad 
vertiser (The), 1068. 
Masco fort, see Fort Masco. 
Mascoma (Masco) River (New Hamp 
shire), 1827, 1841. 

Mason, David, Lt. col., deputy com 
missary general of military stores, 
427, 428, 934, 1575. Letter from, 
1082. Letter to. 1096. 
Mason, David, Col., 15th Virginia regi 
ment, 285, 764. Letters from, 284, 

294, 427, 481. 580, 582, 648, 676, 
1080. Letters to, 271, 295, 410, 471, 
592, 601, 620. Regiment, 284, 294, 

295, 592. 

Mason, Mrs. David, 580. 

Mason, James, Lt. col., of militia, 580. 

Mason, John, Letter from, 1544. 

Mason, Joseph, 2073. 

Masons, 807, 996, 1284, 1293, 1481; 
needed, 1103, 2228, 2252 ; troops em 
ployed as, 849. 

Massachusetts, 108, 263, 1030, 1075, 
1433, 1601, 1764, 2072; appeal to, 
1821 ; applies for arms and blankets, 
288, 368; applies for money, 1354; 
arms for, 297, 345 ; arms from, 1424, 
1425; assurances from, 1845; beef 
supply from, 1652, 1863; beef pur 
chase regulations, 1699; Berkshire 
county, 69; blankets, 375; bounty, 
243 ; burdens of, 1811 ; cannon from, 
993, 1013; cattle, 1435. 1603, 1673- 
1674, 1773, 1785, 1788, 1795, 1799, 
1811 ; cattle agent, 1673 1674 ; cloth 
ing, 345, 1649, 1703, 1802, 2027, 2041, 
2072, 2087; subclothier. 1742; coast. 



Massachusetts Continued. 
320, 1434; commissions, 1353; com 
mittee, 1802; complaint, 244; dele 
gates to Congress, 1433; delin 
quency, 628; deserters in, 2182; 
eastern boundary, 2334; eastern 
. counties, 1783; efforts, 1603, 1625; 
equipment from, 1785 ; executive, in 
troductory letter to, 1359; feeling 
against New York, 831; finances, 
1622; flour, 751, 909, 1795; Hamp 
shire county, 69; hoarding up sup 
plies, 288; law against inoculation, 
520; 

legislature (General Court), 
2200, 2209, 2211, 2407; acts, 1699, 
1782-1783, 1802, 1812; committee, 
1622; disposition, 1812; embar 
rassed by lack of money, 1812 ; 
on enlistments, 1621, 1636; me 
morials and petitions to, 243, 
1627; nonconipliance with Con 
gress recommendations, 2008 ; 
resolves, 1284, 1288, 1682, 2054; 
Washington s answer to, 2359; 

Assembly (House of Represen 
tatives), 559, 1668; proceedings, 
41; resolves, 307, 624, 646, 1802; 
Council, 1433; action on can 
non, 874, 987; deliberations on 
Washington s letter, 365; memo 
rial and answer 244; proceedings. 
933 ; recommends officers, 47 ; re 
quests D Estaing to attempt Pe- 
nobscot, 1132; resolve, 520; let 
ters to, 278, 387; 

loan commissioner, 311 ; money sent 
to Rhode Island, 251; money raised 
in, 1811 ; Penobscot expedition, 1132, 
1753, 1773, 2180, 2334, 2345; powder 
for, 292, 297, 345; prejudice against 
Schuyler, 388, 389; prize goods. 
1583; provisions, 314; purchases, 
1516, 2088; purchasing committee, 
1706; riots in, 2146; rum from, 
1785; salt from, 1801; St. John s 
river, expedition, 368; shoes from, 
375; stores and supplies, 362, 1516, 
1625, 1640, 1660: surgeons, 324; 
teams, 1759 ; tents from. 1802 ; towns, 
584, 616, 1638, 1870, 2054 ; 



JANUARY-JUNE _. 
JULY-DECEMBER. 



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1-00 137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2681 



Massachusetts Continued. 

troops, 60, 245, 271, 284, 285, 
533, 542, 1030, 1179, 1213, 1318, 
1622 ; adopts Additional Continen 
tal regiments, 282, 311, 1394, 1571 ; 
arms, 285, 311, 1414 ; arrangement, 
915, 924, 935, 937, 979, 1094, 1105, 
1290, 1569, 2402, 2403, 2406, 2408; 
artillery, 2013, 2408, 2428; blank 
ets, 290, 342 ; bounties, 1284, 1310 ; 
brigades, 214, 837, 852, 1090, 1220, 
1673, 1678, 2264, see also Sargent, 
Paul Dudley; First brigade, 2113, 
2138, 2367; Second brigade, 2135, 
2138, 2428; Third brigade, 2138, 
2148, 2150, 2170, 2188, 2211; 
clothing, 312, 319, 324, 326, 334, 
338, 340, 342, 347, 349, 350, 504, 
505, 1192, 1209, 1664, 1682, 1683, 
1706, 2008, 2013, 2071, 2072, 2078; 
deserters, 1220, 1349, 1488, 1690, 
2182; discharged, 1624; draft and 
drafting, 307, 310, 540, 624, 705, 
1368; enlistments, see under re 
cruiting; feeling regarding the 
Pennsylvania mutineers, 1682 ; 
furloughed, 2406; gratuity, 244, 
1075, 1682, 1683, 1717, 1719; 
grievances, 1682; huts, 2442; 
with Lafayette s detachment, 
1814; levies, 1177, 1386, 1447, 
1624, 1768 ; line, 897, 924, 935, 937, 
979, 1094, 1105, 1161, 1162, 1200, 
1346, 1349, 1569, 1571, 1659, 1684, 
1687, 1710, 1711, 1720, 1739, 1932, 
2166, 2267, 2295, 2300, 2301, 2402; 

militia, 206, 221, 223, 346, 394, 
396, 434, 464, 466, 624, 725, 757, 
808, 1179, 1515, 1899, 1907, 1913, 
2233 ; called on, 369 ; command of, 
222; delay, 370, 1927; discharged, 
dismissed, expiration of enlist 
ments, etc., 752, 820, 821, 1183, 
1184, 1190, 1585; drafted, 1358; 
movements, 224, 230, 366, 1412, 
1415, 1417, 1435, 1438, 1451, 1472, 
1742, 1902, 1927; officers, 161; let 
ters and orders to, 185, 369, 1166, 
1433; orders to, 224, 230, 747, 
1166, 1377, 1408, 1426, 1433; pay 
of, 1184; returns, 1452, 1912; 



Massachusetts Continued. 

work on fortifications, 761, 774, 
1585. See also under Fellows, 
John; 

movements, 251, 272, 348, 852, 
1609, 1627; 

officers, 288, 1001, 1249, 1924, 
2082, 2085, 2145, 2359; leaves of 
absence, 2212 ; appointments, 
2207; arrangement, 924, 937, 979, 
1094, 1105, 1200, 1569, 1659, 1711, 
1714, 1719, 1720, 1940, 2018, 2044, 
2087, 2267, 2295, 2301, 2399, 2409; 
artillery, 2376, 2409; bravery, 
1 ; brigade, 2139 ; claim mistakes, 
1256, 1265; commanding, 1659; 
commissions, 1161, 1162, commit 
tee, 2209, 2211; complaint of, 
1753; derangement, 1717, 2300; 
detained 1770; desertions, 2151; 
difficulty with, 1772; distress for 
pay, 1804; field, 1512, 1719, 2145, 
2170, 2295, 2412; letter and me 
morial from, 1122, 2166; feeling 
over appointments to the light in 
fantry, 1739, 1743, 1753; filling 
of, 1710; grievances, 2153; ig 
norance of, 1442; letters from, 
1739, 1915, 2138, see also Burnam, 
John, and others, 2356, and Darby, 
Samuel, and others, 2145; letters 
to, 1569, 1571; letters and orders 
to militia officers, 185, 369, 1166, 
1433; meeting, 2153, 2154, 2200, 
2211; needed, 1719, 2148, 2412; 
noncommissioned, 1687, 1697, 
2151; pay, 1783, 2211; pay com 
mutation, 2376; pretentions, 1020; 
prisoners, 1535; promotions, 2366; 
petition, 1627; rank, 897, 1915, 
1922, 1932, 1952, 2145, 2166, 2170; 
recommended, 47 ; recruiting, 
1284, 2098; regimental, 2404; re 
main in the service, 2402, 2403; 
remonstrance, 1796 ; resignations, 
1291-1292, 1342, 1571; retired, 
1714, 2403; servants, 2403; serv 
ices, 1739; subalterns, 1922, 1932, 
1940, 1952, 2044, 2056; uneasiness, 
2012; vacancies, 1684; 



1779 

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2682 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Massachusetts Continued. 

pay, 312, 1682, 1763, 1800, 1804, 
1812; for peace establishment of 
army, 2399; provisions, 1432; 
quota, 243, 307, 584, 1255, 1284, 
1649, 2054, 2140; 

recruits and recruiting, raising 
men, etc., 69, 226, 243, 322, 559, 
584, 594, 611, 615, 646, 988, 1075, 
1078, 1086, 1090, 1174, 1288, 1289, 
1307, 1310, 1320, 1349, 1358, 1397, 
1415, 1423, 1625, 1649, 1668, 1726, 
1728, 1744, 1777, 1781, 1782, 1783, 
1784, 1791, 1799, 1802, 1870, 1881, 
1887, 1916, 2020, 2022, 2054, 2074, 
2082, 2083, 2085, 2098, 2100, 2118, 
2123, 2124. 2139, 2190, 2198, 2313; 
fraudulent enlistments, 2159; re 
cruits physically unfit, 1408, 1660, 
2093, 2109, 2110, 2122, 2123, 2125; 
prisoners of war sent as recruits, 
1803, 1805; 

reenforcements, 68, 143, 644; 

regiments, 347, 362, 500, 559, 
615, 2401, 2402, 2403, 2406; First, 
2135, 2315, see also Vose, Joseph. 
Second, 504, 505, 1105. 2077, 2427, 
2428, 2429, 2432; letter from ser 
geants, 1683. Third, 1135, 2121, 
2331, 2334, 2365, 2412, 2414, 2430, 
2433, see also Greaton, John ; Hull, 
William ; Jackson, Michael ; and 
Oliver, Robert. Fourth, 1001, 
2428, see also Shepard, William. 
Fifth, 1001, 1265, 1677, 1680, 1924, 
2151, 2335. Sixth, 1012. Seventh, 
773, sec also Alden, Ichabod. 
Eighth, 269, 633, 2334, sec also 
Jackson, Michael. Tenth, 2016, 
2022, 2023, 2027, 2072, 2131, 2138, 
2164, 2165, see also Fernald, To 
bias; Thompson, Joseph, and Tup- 
per, Benjamin. Twelfth, 1265, see 
also Sprout, Ebenezer. Four 
teenth, 1075, see also Bradford, 
Gamaliel, and others. Fifteenth, 
1219. Ward s, 1, see also Ward, 
Jonathan. 

in Sappers and Miners, 1776, 
1780 ; shoes, 786, 1174 ; six months 
men, 1514 ; state of, 520 ; surgeon, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



j Massachusetts Continued. 

2211; tents, 1812, 1852; returns, 

980, 981, 1177, 1253, 1255, 1451, 

1452, 1666, 1912, 2399, 2428; 

troops in, 417; volunteers, 1254, 

1921; western, 1846; wine in, 1884. 

Massacres, 942, 1472, 2090, 2341, 2364, 
2374. 

Massey, Eyre, Maj. gen., British army, 
Letter from, 603. Letter to, 600. 

Massie, Thomas, Maj., 2d Virginia 
regiment. Letter to, 1060. 

Master, Richard, Capt., 24th Foot, 
British army, 835. 

Masters, of Continental vessels, 1684, 
1685; of merchant vessels, 2185. 

Masts, 1233, 1245, 2177. 

Mates, of merchant vessels, 2157, 2185. 

Mathews. David, Letter to, 92. 

Mathews, Fletcher, New York loyal 
ist, 131, 134, 135. 

Mathews, George, Col., 9th Virginia 
regiment, 294, 1215. Letter from, 
15S9. Letters to, 286, 1229, 1242. 

Mathews, Mary, Wife of John, 1610, 
1615, 1626. 

Matthewman, Luke, Lt., British navy, 
568. 

Matthews, James, 131. 

Matthews, Thomas, Capt., 4th Vir 
ginia regiment, 412. 

Matrosses, see Artillery. 

Matson s Ford (Pennsylvania), 508. 

Mauduit du Plessis, sec Du Plessis. 

Maurice, Theodore, formerly clerk of 
Newcastle county, Delaware, Letter 
from, 623. 

Mauroy, Vicomte de, introduced to 
Washington, 286. 

Maxfield, William, see Maxwell. 

Maxwell, Andrew, Maj., Prince of 
Wales American regiment, British 
Provincial troops, 1830. 

Maxwell, Hugh, Maj., 2d, It. col., 8th, 
Massachusetts regiments, 1274, 1289, 
1292, 1740, 2087, 2091, 2101; detach 
ment, 2076, 2078, 2081; rank, 1200. 
Letters from, 1719, 1736, 2077, 2081, 
2083, 2088, 2097, 2203. 

Maxwell (Maxfield) William, Col., 
2d New Jersey regiment; l)rig. gen., 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2683 



Maxwell (Maxfield) William Contd. 
Continental army, 100, 222, 309, 
342, 301, 301, 397, 402, 425, 451, 453, 
403, 514, 552, 504, 002, 004, 707, 893, 
890, 908, 985, 1307, 1288, 1290, 1380; 
brigade, 222, 252, 004, 770, 817, 980, 

1000, 1125, 1181, 1330, 1341, 1345, 
1370; intelligence from, 037; move 
ments, 515, 015, 029, 980, 1000, 1014, 
1171, 1201, 1202, 1370; opinion in 
council of war, 1291 ; opinion on 
attacking Philadelphia, 480, 490; 
opinion on plan of campaign, 005; 
opinion on winter campaign, 490, 
807; opinion on winter quarters, 
491; opposition to enemy, 748; po 
sition, 014, 030, GOG, 704, 1330, 1345, 
1340, 1347; resignation, 1410, 1417; 
retirement, 1400; on the situation, 
705; skirmish, 065. Letters from, 
222, 227, 250, 252, 255, 256, 355, 356, 
483, 486, 491, 490, 497, 515, 605, 614, 
629, 034, 036, 039, 041, 042, 049, 655, 
059, GOO, 005, 007, 076, 679, 696, 712, 
715, 716, 718, 722, 737, 739, 741, 746, 
747, 748, 751, 757, 759, 761, 765, 780, 
783, 807, 817, 880, 883, 888, 890, 893, 
896, 897, 901, 90S, 909, 910, 925, 927, 
931, 938, 940, 945, 948, 955, 956, 957, 
958, 959, 901, 904, 90S, 970, 973, 974, 
975, 979, 982, 985, 987, 991, 992, 999, 

1001, 1004, 1000, 1014, 1017, 1042, 
1171, 1181, 1291, 1331, 1341, 1344, 
1345, 1340, 1347, 1351, 1387, 1400, 
1410, 1417, 2047. Letters, instruc 
tions, and orders to, 210, 223, 220, 
255, 209, 293, 303, 324, 384, 407, 409, 
410, 411, 420, 012, 014, 015, 020, 
028, 030, 036, 638, 650, 659, 660, 664, 
665, 688, 702, 704, 707, 711, 715, 721, 
745, 746, 758, 771, 776, 778, 784, 
790, 791, 793, 794, 800, 802, 805, 877, 
884, 885, 889, 899, 909, 913, 915, 918, 
920, 921, 922, 924, 925, 928, 935, 936, 
944, 954, 957, 900, 909, 973, 975, 
980, 984, 980, 989, 993, 1002, 1005, 
1000, 1010, 1010, 1109, 1173, 1177, 
1184, 1201, 1202, 1210, 1220, 1331, 
1330, 1337, 1340, 1341, 1345, 1353, 
1357, 1370, 1410. 

Maybin, James, see Mabon. 



Maybuss, Leonard, Private, Hessian 
yagers, 355. 

Maynard, Jonathan, Lt., 7th Massa 
chusetts regiment, 1374. 

Maynard, Nathaniel, Lt., Brewer s 
Massachusetts regiment, Letter from, 
18. 

Mead, John, Col., Connecticut militia, 
1238, 1270. Letters from, 371, 1231, 
1200. Letters to, 104, 1202. 

Mead (Meade) Matthew, Lt. col., Silli- 
man s Connecticut state regiment, 
and 5th Connecticut regiment, Let 
ter from, 1173. Letters to, 1153, 
1154, 1184. Regiment, 525. 

Meade, George, Philadelphia merchant, 
Letter from, 1480. 

Meade, Richard Kidder, Lt. col., aide 
to Washington, 330, 440, 484, 820. 
808, 1000, 1129, 1357; deposition, 
1582 ; evidence in Varick s case, 1507. 
Letters from, 290, 300, 314, 340, 341, 
510, 523, 548, 574, 575, 002, 025, 038, 
055, 078, 705, 709, 714, 725, 732, 735, 
794, 828, 841, 860, 864, 867, 992, 1021, 

1043, 1044, 1045, 1063, 1064, 1066, 
1073, 1087, 1089, 1099, 1101, 1103, 
1115, 1123, 1125, 1128, 1139, 1142, 
1151, 1162, 1168, 1223, 1240, 1254, 
1205, 1208, 1284, 1285, 1293, 1301, 
1311, 1314, 1327, 1343, 1347, 1348, 
1309, 1372, 1408, 1472, 1532, 1550, 
1551, 1560. Letters to, 527, 676, 829, 
833, 1090, 1252, 1264, 1284, 1340, 
1471. Drafts and copies by, 270, 
272, 279, 281, 283, 293, 298, 301, 332, 
335, 336, 339, 345, 346, 349, 354, 357, 
379, 384, 385, 387, 390, 393, 398, 403, 
406, 408, 413, 423, 425, 430, 437, 439, 
441, 443, 440, 448, 450, 457, 400, 403, 
404, 405, 490, 510, 517, 519, 521, 529, 
533, 549, 550, 558, 502, 503, 505, 576, 
577, 580, 582, 584, 586, 588, 591, 600, 
001, 617, 618, 623, 664, 675, 689, 692, 
698, 704, 705, 706, 709, 734, 735, 737, 
747, 755, 763, 764, 770, 809, 813, 814. 
817, 828, 835, 840, 853, 854, 856, 857, 
868, 869, 875, 876, 878, 884, 972, 
1008, 1011, 1013, 1017, 1038, 1041, 

1044, 1045, 1046, 1052, 1053. 1054, 
1055, 1058, 1059, 1002, 1003, 1004, 



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2684 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Meade, Richard Kidder Continued. 
1065, 1067, 1068, 1070, 1073, 1079, 
1081, 1087, 1088, 1092, 1094, 1095, 
1096, 1097, 1098, 1100, 1101, 1102, 
1103, 1104, 1105, 1107, 1108, 1109, 
1120, 1122, 1126, 1133, 1137, 1141, 
1142, 1143, 1144. 1152, 1153, 1156, 
1159, 1163, 1169, 1177, 1185. 1186, 
1187, 1188, 1191, 1194, 1197, 1198. 
1200, 1203, 1205, 1206, 1207, 1209, 
1211, 1217, 1231, 1233, 1264. 1271, 
1304, 1306, 1309, 1314, 1320, 1322, 
1327, 1330, 1334, 1343, 1358, 1360, 
1362, 1367, 1368, 1371, 1414, 1417, 
1432, 1433, 1468, 1476, 1483, 1510, 
1549, 1566. 

Meal, see Grain. 

Measam, George, Col. and commissary 
general of clothing, Northern army, 
482, 805, 1085; appointment, 753, 
786; difficulty with Mease, 690; dis 
pute with Wilkinson, 1133. Letters 
from 650, 697, 775, 786, 792, 805, 823, 
828, 850, 864, 896, 897, 941, 960, 982, 
999, 1006, 1069. Letters and orders 
to, 753, 783, 817, 818, 839, 866, 878, 
899, 902, 905, 914, 939, 982, 1020, 
1025, 1027, 1055, 1102, 1103, 1132. 

Mease, James, Clothier-general, Con 
tinental army, 424, 493, 495, 499, 
639 ; appointment, 232 ; difficulty 
with Measam, 690 ; illness, 238, 499 ; 
indicted, 1784; refusal to pay for 
clothing, 474 ; resignation, 499. Let 
ters from, 230, 238, 290, 315, 322, 
337, 343, 349, 361, 375, 416, 458, 499, 
530, 947. Letters and instructions 
to, 266, 288, 293, 313, 315, 325, 338, 
342, 347, 350, 370, 438, 467, 489. 532, 
536, 551, 560, 591, 601, 605, 617, 625, 
652, 705. 

Measles, see Disease. 

Meat, see Beef. 

Mechanics, 117. 

Medical department, see Hospital de 
partment. 

Medical attendance, furnished Ameri 
can officer prisoners, 2343; discov 
ery 2448, 2456 ; treatises returned to 
British, 534. 



1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

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Medici, Cosmo (Cosimo), Capt., North 
Carolina independent horse, 614, 
641, 680, 687. 

Medicines, 94, 96, 104, 107, 282, 295, 
1435, 1441, 2019, 2020, 2026; esti 
mates, 2060; needed, 61, 104, 114, 
153, 183, 276, 294, 1438, 1998, 2019, 
2188, 2412 ; for prisoners, 1636, 2002, 
2161, 2343, 2185, 2186; purchase of, 
287; safe conduct, 231; saved, 306; 
treatises. 534 ; for detachment to 
garrison western posts, 2422. 

Medine, , Chevalier de, Capt., 
French navy, 1847, 1855. 

Megill, James, 593. 

Mehelm, John, Col., commissary gen 
eral of Jiidcs, New Jersey, Letters 
from, 965, 1198, 1272, 1290, 1302. 
Letters to, 1145, 1190, 1229, 1274. 

Mehs (Myers), Jacob, Ensign, Penn 
sylvania, State regiment, 1387. 

Meibom, Carl Christoph de, Ensign, 
regiment Ricdexcl, German allied 
troops, 1808, 1821. 

Meibom, Justus Christoph de, Maj., 
Baum s Brunswick dragoons, Ger 
man allied troops, 1808, 1821. Let 
ters from, 992, 1248, 1486. Letter 
to, 1018. 

Meigs, John, Lt., Webb s additional 
Continental regiment, 1403. 

Meigs, Return Jonathan, Maj., 2d 
Connecticut; Lt. col., Sherbume s ad 
ditional Continental regiment; Col., 
6th Connecticut, 162, 367, 525, 1076; 
conduct approved by Washington, 
1343; exploit, 328; promotion, 246, 
247; rank, 342; resignation, 1435, 
1517 ; suppresses mutiny, 1343. Let 
ters from, 154, 525, 1261, 1344, 1435. 
Letters to, 1274, 1343, 1433. Regi 
ment, 472, 1540. 

Melcher, Isaac, Brigade-major, Cana 
dian expedition; barrack-master 
general, Continental army, Letters 
from, 34, 36. 

Mellen, James, Lt. col., 9th and ^th 
Massachusetts regiments, 1329. Let 
ter from, 1739. 

Melville, Thomas, Member Boston 
committee for raising troops, 2140. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2685 



Men, see Troops. 

Menarere, see Mesnard. 

Menema, Daniel, Surgeon s mate, 3d 

New York; surgeon, 2(1 New York 

regiment, 134, 1347. 

Menonville, Frangois Louis Arthur 
Thibaut, Comte de, Lt. col., 1st dep 
uty adj. gen., French army in 
America; aide to Rochamheau, 
1824; introduced to Washington, 
1808; questions, 1816; requests, 
1819. Orders to, 1816. 

Mentges, Francis, Maj., llth and 7th 
Pennsylvania regiments; It. col., 5th 
Pennsylvania regiment ; supt. of Con 
tinental hospital in Virginia, 260, 
1100; protest, 2044; rank, 963, 985. 
Letters from, 1998, 2010, 2034, 2094, 
2249. Letters to, 2016, 2048. 

Mercantile matters, 80, 1946, 1993, 
1996. 

Mercer, George, jr., 956. 

Mercer, Hugh, Brig, gen., Continental 
army, 159, 166, 197. Letters from, 
142, 143, 145, 148, 149, 150, 153, 155, 
156, 157, 158, 159, 162, 165, 167, 168, 
171, 174, 182, 185, 196. Letters to, 
139, 165, 177, 179, ISO, 182, 183, 187, 
188, 209, 220. 

Mercer, John Francis, Lt. and capt., 
3d Virginia regiment ; maj. and aide 
to Lee; It. coL, Virginia militia, 
410, 680, 1962. Letter from, 997. 
Letter to, 976. 

Mercereau (Mersereau), John, Capt., 
New Jersey militia; American spy, 
148, 1616, 1621. Letters and intelli 
gence from, 305, 1308, 1315, 1320, 
1324, 1326, 1338, 1369. 1392, 1405, 
1482, 1523, 1552, 1624. Letters to, 
303, 1044, 1308, 1333, 1345, 1351, 
1373, 1379, 1395, 1401, 1402, 1405, 
1407, 1428, 1430, 1522, 1550, 1568. 
1620. 

Mercereau, Joshua, Deputy commis 
sary of prisoners and confidential 
agent, 1112, 2354, 2356. Letters 
from, 960, 1586, 2039, 2058, 2066, 
2350. Letter to, 2065. 



Merchandise (Goods), 1112, 1190, 1407, 
2116, 2361, 2361-2362, 2388. See 
also Property. 

Merchant vessels, British, 50, 1351. 

Merchants, 682, 1338, 1365, 1729, 1791, 
1978, 2057, 2339 ; British, 1996, 1997, 
2340, 2422. See also Traders. 

Meredith, Samuel, Letters from, 1383, 
1486. 

Merit, badges of military, see Badges. 

Meriwether, Thomas, Maj., 1st Vir 
ginia regiment, Letter to, 1094. 

MERLIN, British frigate, 444. 

Merrill, Daniel, Lt., 18th Continental 
infantry, 112, 131, 133. 

Merrit, John, Captain, 2313, 2321. 

Merritt, Shubal, 941, 1061. 

Mersereau, see Mercereau. 

Mesier, Abraham, Lt., Lasher s New 
York regiment, 149. 

Mesnard (Menarere), Anthony, Capt., 
1st Canadian regiment, 157, 162. 

Messengers, British, 379; dragoons 
used as, 959 ; sent to Canada, 78. 

Metcalf, Jeremiah, Private Ward s 
Massachusetts regiment, 133. 

Metcalf, Samuel, of Plattsburg, New 
Yorlc, Letter from, 151. 

Methodist ministers, see Clergymen. 

Metz, Jacob, Lt., Steivart s Pennsyl 
vania state regiment, 436. 

Meyers, Anne, of Philadelphia, 556. 

Miami River (Ohio), 1178; fort on, 
994. 

Michlemackinac (Michigan), 2422. 
Middle States, see States. 
Middlebrook (New Jersey), 333, 343, 

356, 794, 857, 866, 868, 874, 876, 915, 

1039, 1045, 1096, 1165. 
Middlesex county (New Jersey), 1032. 
Middleton, John, 1627. 

Middleton, , British deserter, 2014. 

Middletown (New Jersey), 669, 673, 

967, 990, 1004, 1315. 
Middletown (Rhode Island), 1186. 
Middletown Heights (New Jersey), 

1828, 2278. 
Middletown Point (New Jersey), 630, 

1871. 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Mifflin, John, Col., and deputy quarter 
master general, Letter from, 429. 
Letter to, 427. 

Mifflin, Jonathan, Co/., asst. deputy 
commissary of purchases, Letter 
from, 553. Letters to, 547, 549. 

Mifflin, Thomas, J/a/.. aide to Wash 
ington; col., quartermaster general; 
brig, and maj. gen., Continental 
army; Pennsylvania delegate, Conti 
nental Congress; member, Continen 
tal board of war, 13, 24, 72, 78, 134, 
178, 184, 196, 199, 203, 340, 361, 381, 
613, 637, 863, 1289, 1293; against 
Washington, 520; brigade of, 189; 
characteristics, 520; connection with 
revival of Con way cabal, 1283 ; mis 
represents Greene, 576; orders, 90, 
245, 246; promotion, 268; report on 
campaign preparations, 513; Wash 
ington warned against, 1195. Let 
ters from, 12, 138, 145, 155, 163, 176, 
212, 226, 246, 268, 274, 316, 339, 341, 
382, 509. Letters and instructions 
to, 34, 36, 57, 85, 138. 167, 205, 238, 
243, 253, 269, 272. 274, 288, 31S, 330, 
332, 335, 338, 340, 383, 604, 649. 
Drafts and copies by, 4, 5. 8. 12. 13, 
14, 17, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 
30, 31. 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 49, 50, 
52, 54, 69, S3, 87, 90. 

Mighill, Thomas, Ca-pt., Gcrrish s 
Massachusetts regiment, 25. 

Miguelon Island (off Newfoundland), 
779. 

Mile Square (New York). 2148. 

Miles, Lawford, Cap*., 17th Foot, Brit 
ish army, 2242. 

Miles, Samuel, Col.. Pennsylvania rifle 
regiment; brig, gen., Pennsylvania 
state troops; deputy quartermaster 
general, Continental army. 165, 253, 
1646. 2201. Letters from, 205, 211, 
214, 239, 1663, 1760, 1936, 2200. 
Letters to, 211, 1647, 1727, 1772, 
1922, 1933, 2165, 2196. 

Military authority, see Authority. 

Military chest, 128, 510. 907, 924, 1059, 
1322, 1662; British, 1974, 1977, 2458. 

Military duty, 1643. 

Military matters, commission to dis 
cuss with British, 2154. 

1775 
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JANUARY JUNE 1 

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Military state, needed, 2156. 
Military stores, see Commissary of 
military stores, also Stores. 

Militia, 122, 123, 128, 135, 143, 153, 
158, 160, 161, 167, 185, 200, 206, 212, 
216, 217, 218, 221, 222, 223, 224, 226, 
227, 230, 234, 237, 238, 248, 253, 255, 
258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 266, 269. 
277, 294. 295, 304, 308, 342, 344, 346, 
351, 357, 366, 369, 377, 381, 383, 
392, 412, 420, 457, 461, 463, 469, 481, 
528, 541, 609, 625, 664, 668, 696, 889, 
1059, 1224, 1381, 13S5, 1448, 1572, 
1765, 1859, 1935, 2379; ammunition, 
419, 430, 466, 1350, 1355; arms and 
arming, 406, 430, 739, 1470, 1600, 
2383; arms from disbanded, 728, 
736; arms lost through, 241, 543; 
arrangement, 377, 1374, 2383; assist 
the French, guard the fleet, etc., 
1428, 1432, 1434, 1462, 1927, 2231; 
attitude of, 419; authority over, 
1117; beef, 1890; bounty, 164; Brit 
ish treatment of, 1790; called for, 
746 ; capture prisoners, 1182, 1719 ; 
carelessness, 1555; cartridges, 1082; 
cavalry, light horse, etc., 483, 1241, 
1242, 1422; clothing, 2379; com 
plaints against, 1303; conduct, 185, 
202, 392, 429, 752, 1441, 1452, see 
also under spirit; confusion among, 
405; a Continental, 2382, 2383; con 
tinuance in service, 1432; coopera 
tion of, 1117; court-martial, 1497; 
delay and tardiness of, 171, 663, 
704, 706, 733; dependence on, 198, 
402, 492, 1016, 1369, 1954; deser 
tions. 238, 246; detachment, 2101; 
detained in service. 373, 469. 1437, 
1519; Detroit expedition, 1854; diffi 
culties with, 167, 412; discharged, 
dismissed, etc., 148, 363, 372, 908, 
1052, 1368, 1377, 1434, 1445, 1487, 
1988; discipline, 2379; disgust of, 
237, 541 ; districts, 2383 ; duty, 1449, 
1593, 1602; employment, 408, 440; 
encounter with British, 846; en 
couragement of, 223, 224, 333, 347; 
enlistment in Continental service, 
347; enrollment, 2383; equipping, 
348, 2383; establishment, 725; ex- 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2687 



Militia Continued, 
emption from duty, 1449, 1593; ex 
haust country, 1G31 ; expense, 462; 
experience with, 182; expiration of 
service, 384, 463, 530, 1312; fines, 
259; formation, 2378; furlough of, 
143; guards, 326, 341, 427, 483, 623, 
633, 861, 877, 1035, 1343, 1354, 2156 ; 
Indian expedition, 931 ; instruction 
of, 1446; kettles for, 1441; manage 
ment, 2385; measures respecting, 
405; movements, operations, etc., 
129, 140, 163, 225, 232, 295, 303, 310, 
375, 376, 394, 404, 406, 418, 419, 432, 
455, 459, 473, 640, 657, 663, 1105, 
1332, 1367, 1416, 1423, 1432, 1474, 
1541, 1546, 1870, 1871, 1903, 1908, 
1918, 1923, 1930: needed, 164, 384, 
406, 462, 624, 1982, 2375; officers, 
224, 285, 286, 405, 526, 537, 1282, 
1283, 1438, 1494, 1501, 1509, 1544, 
1565, 2383; letter to commanding 
officers, 1117; opinion of, 2379; 
orders to, 358; pay of, 208, 285, 
286, 345, 352; penalties, 2379; po 
sition, 140, 146, 308, 327, 364, 379, 
392, 395, 410, 421, 435, 437, 468, 507, 
626, 631, 632, 685, 720, 1432, 1502, 
1958; posts. 1869; praised, 1444; 
prisoners, 687, 1669, 1868; profi 
ciency, 2379; propositions, 2382, 
2383; provisions for, 434, 880, 1417, 
2187; raising of, calling out, as 
sembling, etc., 129, 138, 183, 184, 
224, 226, 261, 296, 302, 344, 348, 351, 
358, 368, 389, 406, 414, 418, 661, 737, 
946, 1205, 1276, 1337, 1374, 1418, 
1420, 1426, 1444, 1447, 1678, 1786, 
1917; rations refused to, 2184; 
readiness of, 213, 1276; reinforce 
ments, 138, 182, 205, 213, 230, 255, 
293, 354, 392, 394, 420, 433, 442, 443, 
446, 632, 693, 977; regular, 2378; 
regulations, 2379, 2383; rendezvous, 
1417; to repel invasion, 2385; re 
tained in service, 238; returning 
home, 219; returns, 1447, 1453, 1511, 
1565, 1905; reward of, 742; rum for, 
1491, 1494; Sandusky expedition, 
2149 ; scouting party, 289, 290 ; seize 
a spy, 493; service in time of war, 



Militia Continued. 
2383; signals for calling out, 748, 
956, 1241, 1272, 1307, 1730; slow 
ness of, 166, 198, 1447; spirit of, 
1428, 1444, 1445 ; status as prisoners, 
1669; stores and supplies, 1444, 
2383; strength, 422, 1340, 1908, 
2383 ; subsistence of, 482, 1138 ; sub 
stitutes for, 2383 ; system, 581, 2379 ; 
teams, 2383; tents, 1441; training, 
2375. 2383, 2385; uselessness of, 
528; value of, 1107; workmen, 405, 
407, 468, 1160, 1167, 1369, 1503. 
See also Army, British, Provincial 
troops, and under the various 
States, troops. 

Milk, 150, 738, 2246. 

Millener, John, Private, 80th Foot, 
British army, 1546. 

Miller, Andrew, Capt., Orange county, 
Neio York, militia, 308. 

Miller, Benjamin, of Gardiners Island, 
Long Island, Letter to, 9. 

Miller, Charles, Issuing store-keeper, 
Commissary general department, 
Letter from, 67. 

Miller, Henry, Capt., 1st Continental 
Infantry; maj., 1st; It. col., 2d 
Pennsylvania regiment, 490, 882. 
Letters from, 96, 860. 

Miller, Jacob, Capt., Doolittle s Massa 
chusetts regiment, 85. 

Miller, John, British trumpeter, 581. 

Miller, Philip, Deserter from De Lan- 
cey s corps, 893. 

Miller, , Lt. and paymaster, Heis- 

ter s corps, Hessian troops, 313, 316, 
375. 

Miller s Run (Now West Virginia), 
1075. 

Millier, David, Justice of the peace, 
Essex county, New Jersey, 1256. 

Milligan, James, Comptroller of the 
Treasury, Letter to, 2220. 

Mills, 463, 509 ; burned by British, 630 ; 
in Canada, 2093 ; cloth, 537 ; destruc 
tion of, 429; disabling, dismantled, 
etc., 430, 459, 460, 539, 545, 914, 916, 
1057; flour, 540, 1266, 1952; grain 
in, 1263, 1266; saw, 132, 781, 881, 
883, 1358; seizure, 222; stores, 452. 



1779 



1780 



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2688 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Millstone (New Jersey), 302, 332, 347. 

Miners, see Sappers and Miners. 

Mines, lead, 640, 649, 650. 

Mingoes, frontier name of Senecas, 
see under Indians, tribes. 

Minisink (New York), 832, 839, 849; 
distance to Wyoming, 960; fort at, 
976; Indian raid, 987, 1104; troops 
at, 839, 856, 861, 867, 894, 963. 

Minisink country (New York), aban 
doned, 949. 

Ministers, see Clergymen, also under 
Great Britain and United States. 

Ministers of department, see United 
States, secretaries of departments. 

Ministry, British, see Great Britain. 

Minorca (Balearic Islands, Mediter 
ranean sea), 2095, 2097, 2101, 2106, 
2115. 

Minute men, 190. 

Miralles, Juan de, Spanish agent in 
the United States, 1191, 1263; es 
tate presented to Arnold, 1389; ill 
ness and deatb, 1316, 1317, 1318, 
1319, 1320, 1389, 1567 ; introduced to 
Washington, 572 ; post-mortuary 
honors, 1323; relations and friend 
ship with Washington, 1026, 1031, 
1072, 1145, 1156, 1275, 1299, 1319, 
1389; successor to, 1425; Washing 
ton s tribute to, 1327. Letters from, 
1026, 1031, 1145. 1190, 1195, 1255, 
1275, 1283. Letters to. 1020, 1072, 
1156, 1198, 1262, 1271, 1299. 

Miralles, Maria Josefa Elirio de la 
Puenta, Madam, Widow of Juan de 
Miralles, 1425, 1554. Letter from, 
1389. Letter to, 1567. 

Miranda, Francisco de, Lt. col., aide to 
Cagigal, 2394. 

Mischianza (Fete champetre at Phila 
delphia), 615. 

Misconduct in office, 1761. 

Missing, British, 1457 ; returns of, 672, 
927, 1286, 1370, 1372, 1694, 1803, 
1829, 1866, 1890, 1992. 

Mississippi region, Galvez s victory in, 
1255. 

Mississippi River, 1699, 2374; British 
posts, 1274; free navigation. 2017; 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER-- _ 1-60 



Mississippi River Continued. 

land grants near, 2437; Spanish op 
erations on, 1255. 

Mitchel, Polly (Miss), of New York 
city, 678. 

Mitchell, Alexander, Capt., 1st New 
Jersey regiment, 748, 1656, 1731. 
Letters from. 1749, 1911. Letters 
and instructions to, 1655, 1916. 

Mitchell. Edward, Col. and Massachu 
setts agent for purchase of arms, 80. 

Mitchell, John, Lt., Pennsylvania navy. 
471. 

Mitchell, John, Col., deputy quarter 
master general 796, 965, 1207, 1253, 
1370; account against, 1405; at 
tendance at Arnold s court martial, 
1201, 1211; purchases for Washing 
ton, 830, 936. 1372, 1376. Letters 
from, 737, 796, 805. 830, 922, 936, 
982, 1020, 1167, 1254, 1286, 1299, 
1311, 1337, 1376, 1408, 1445. Letters 
to, 774, 841, 921, 936, 1143, 1156, 
1157, 1158, 1169, 1170, 1174, 1180, 
1187, 1201, 1208, 1280, 1292, 1302, 
1420, 1434. 

Mitchell, Mrs. John, 796. 

Mitchell, Nathaniel, Brig. -ma j., Huhl- 
enbcrg s brigade; maj., Gist s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 967, 
1426. 

Mitchell, Uriah, Commissary of hides, 
Southern New York; asst. deputy 
quartermaster general, Letters to, 
1157, 1545. 

Mitchell, William, Private, 71st Foot, 
British army, 308, 338. 

Mittens (Mitts), 1664, 2266, 2267, 
2320, 2321. 

Mix, John, Lt., 3d Connecticut; asst. 
quartermaster general, Letters from, 
2126, 2424. Letters and instructions 
to, 2192, 2425. 

Mix, Samuel, of Connecticut, 2122. 

" M. N.," American spy, 2269. 

Mobile (Mississippi), 1218, 1255. 

Moccasins, 756, 806, 881, 1209, 2327, 
2412. 

Mohawk (New York), Committee on; 
see Tryon county committee. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2689 



Mohawk country (New York), 177, 
646, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1998, 2162, 
2165. 

Mohawk district (New York), 2155; 
inhabitants, 3, 847, 854. 

Mohawk frontier (New York), 686, 
2184. 

Mohawk River and Valley (New 
York), 693, 910, 2162, 2424; condi 
tions on, 402, 1793; dangers, 2169; 
flour, 305; fortifications, 2044; gar 
risons and posts, 2130, 2155, 2237, 
2238, 2239 ; Indian and British move 
ments in, forays, raids, etc., 1320, 
1584, 2058, 2077, 2081, 2091,. 2178, 
2247 ; route into Indian country, 955, 
981; stores, 2433; troops on, 2004, 
2237, 2434. 

Mohawks, see Indians, tribes. 

Mohocomac River (New York), 950, 
953, 959, 960. 

Monarchy, form of government, 2125; 
needed, 2156. 

Monell, James, Asst. purchasing agent 
for New York, 1514. Letters from, 
1457, 1474, 1508, 1525. Letters to, 
1446, 1459. 

Money (Cash, Currency, Funds, etc.), 
19, 51, 58, 76, 97, 98, 103, 107, 138, 
158, 164, 242, 244, 245, 251, 273, 284, 
295, 313, 316, 336, 478, 494, 527, 538, 
552, 599, 621, 628, 655, 720, 840, 849, 
851, 905, 915, 927, 928, 984, 992, 998, 
1031, 1037, 1055, 1057, 1058, 1068, 
1070, 1077, 10S9, 1111, 1127, 1131, 
1135, 1205, 1209, 1214, 1227, 1230, 
1235, 1241, 1252, 1263, 1315, 1342, 
1491, 1587, 1591, 1592, 1593, 1597, 
1599, 1643, 1718, 1727, 1751, 1758, 
1785, 1801, 1815, 1824, 1911, 1912, 
1917, 1963, 1975, 1995, 1996, 1998, 
2001, 2005, 2035, 2045, 2046, 2057, 
2066, 2161, 2171, 2211, 2215, 2222, 
2293, 2302, 2304, 2305, 2323, 2335, 
2340, 2342, 2343, 2346, 2352, 2354, 
2357, 2358, 2360, 2361, 2375, 2382, 
2390, 2415, 2458; advanced, 75, 80, 
488, 990, 1374, 1390, ]900, 2009- 
2010, 2034, 2163, 2195, 2290, 2351, 
2387, 2398 ; applied for, 1354 ; appro 
priation, 1305, 2267 ; arrangement 



Money Continued. 

for, 1261; borrowed, 246, 465, 950; 
bounty, 1158; British, 912, 1340, 
1574, 2167; captured at Yorktown, 
1977, 2458 ; captured by enemy, 1475 ; 
coin, sec specie infra; coinage pro 
posal, 1599; 

Continental, 847, 1216, 1952; 
counterfeit, 332, 784, 863, 1194, 
1216, 1227, 1351, 1486, 1498; 
credit, 1329; depreciation, 234, 
244, 408, 414, 701, 777, 911, 979, 
994. 1236-1237, 1329, 1445, 1625, 
1828, 1900, 2228; effect of Euro 
pean news on, 616 ; new issue, 
1338; retired, 902, 1107, 1640; 
used by tories to pay Continental 
taxes, 1486, 1498; 

conveyance of, 845 ; demanded, 2220 ; 
donated by ladies to army, 1646 ; 
deposit in bank, 1428; escort for, 
1116, 1117, 2340; fluctuating state 
of, 1846; forwarded to Canada, 99, 
114, 129; from France, 1634, 1758, 
1780, 1824, 1849, 1856; French, 
1294, 1820; gold, see under Specie; 
grant to noncommissioned officers 
and privates, 2385; granted to 
Greene, 1322; gratuity to troops, 
1150, 1179, 1428, 1717, 1719; hard 
money, see under Specie; guard for, 
2045; for Indians, 235, 1195; loaned 
Cornwallis, 2024; needed, want of, 
scarcity, etc., 18, 45, 46, 55, 62, 73, 
81, 87, 90, 96, 102, 109, 151, 163, 165, 
170, 178, 183, 193, 208, 219, 225, 227, 
234, 242, 244, 246, 253, 254, 265, 274, 
281, 283, 284, 288, 292, 294, 296, 299, 
304, 307, 308, 338, 343, 397, 402, 403, 
407, 424, 456, 462, 464, 513, 516, 517, 
521, 526, 527, 534, 535, 540, 546, 552, 
553, 558, 568, 575, 581, 596, 599, 606, 
609, 641, 670, 682, 687, 705, 721, 
732, 752, 792, 851, 886, 887, 888, 907, 
960, 965, 970, 975, 978, 983, 984, 
990, 995, 999, 1003, 1006, 1007, 1009, 
1018, 1024, 1030, 1069, 1149, 1151, 
1175, 1177, 1194, 1200, 1202, 1207, 
1208, 1214, 1232, 1236, 1240, 1242, 
1249, 1254, 1255, 1260, 1261, 1268, 
1272, 1274, 1288, 1293, 1297, 1298, 



1779 1780 1781 

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2690 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Money Continued. 
1299, 1300, 1304, 1305, 1308, 1309, 
1310, 1311, 1312, 1315, 1318, 1321, 1327, 
1355, 1359, 1363, 1380, 1397, 1399, 
1400, 1468, 1489, 1494, 1514, 1516, 
1525, 1531, 1566, 1568, 1573, 1574, 
1602, 1619, 1638, 1639, 1644, 1655, 
1656, 1660, 1662, 1672, 1681, 1686, 
1689, 1706, 1714, 1717, 1745, 1747, 
1752, 1759, 1766, 1771, 1783, 1784, 
1786, 1793, 1795, 1799, 1811, 1812, 
1852, 1855, 1870, 1873, 1892, 1900, 
1910, 1923, 1929, 1953, 1962, 1971, 
1998, 2009, 2022, 2025, 2042, 2047, 
2058, 2078, 2080, 2093, 2122, 2131, 
2132, 2133, 2151, 2167, 2173, 2174, 
2178, 2180, 2187, 2196, 2200, 2215, 
2222, 2228, 2278, 2329, 2401, 2430; 
obtained, 1667 ; to purchase pro 
tection from British, 1166; ration, 
177. 1024, 2100, 2396; recruiting, re- 
enlistment, etc., 251, 257, 334, 551, 
885, 919, 928, 945, 966, 1010, 1144, 
1145, 1196, 1246. 1249, 1305, 1690, 
2025, 2037; requisitions for, 1485, 
2018; resources, 1252; sauce money, 
636; for secret service, 296, 870, 
951, 1057, 1399, 1403, 1486, 1581; 

specie (hard money, coin, etc.), 
11, 45, 47, 62, 81, 84, 87, 90, 123, 
129, 235, 477, 530, 559, 609, 753, 
782, 870, 911, 932, 951, 979, 1104, 
1149, 1396, 1428, 1453, 1494, 1634, 
1701, 1717, 1719, 1870, 1892, 1971. 
2007, 2150, 2222, 2228; difficulty 
caused by French use of, 1537, 
1789, 1952, 2229 ; certificates, 2321 ; 
gold, 1570, 1574, 1576, 1581 ; rise in 
value, 1522; 

subsistence, 2136, 2436; substitute 
for recruits, 1053; theft of, 1115, 
1116 ; for transportation, 1790 ; treas 
ury notes, 1460; for workmen, 1449. 
See also Military chest ; Counterfeit 
ing; Pay. 

Monk, see Clergymen. 
Monk s Corner (South Carolina), 1325, 

1699. 

Monmouth (Monmouth Courthouse, 
New Jersey), 653, 1130, 1919; artil 
lery at, 672; 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBEU__ _ 1-60 



Monmouth Continued. 

battle, 681, 939, 1809; congratu 
lations on, 674, 675, 680, 686 ; effect 
of, 678; Lee at, 673, 674, 675; 
losses, 672, 677; British losses, 
677, 679, 683; men buried at, 673; 
return of killed, etc., 672; Wash 
ington s announcement of, 672; 
t Washington s expressions to Lee, 
673, 674; 

British at or near, 667, 668, 672, 

1871; loyalists at, 228. 
Monmouth county (New Jersey), 1207, 

1216, 1341; aids enemy, 262, 1341; 

British forays into, 820, 999, 1872; 

collecting cattle and grain in, 1238; 

forage master in, 913; inhabitants, 

1438; loyalists in, 211, 332; militia, 

262, 669, 1438; protection of, 1206; 

reenforcements, 262. 
Monmouth Heights ( New Jersey ) , 1834. 
Monongabela county (Pennsylvania), 

993: inhabitants seize stores, 1001; 

troops raised in, 978, 991, 1050. 
Monroe, James, Maj., aide to Stirling, 

Letter from, 672. 
Monroe, James, Capt., privateer brig 

"Saratoga," 1151. 
Monsell, William, Capt., 29th Foot, 

British army, Letter from, 1576. 
Montagu, George, Capt., British navy, 

Letter to, 388. 

Montange, , Post rider, 1781, 1782. 

Montbarey, Alexander Marie Lenor de 

Saint Mauris, Prince de, Minister of 

icar of France, 1266, 1742, 2365, 2446. 

Letters and instructions from, 1265, 

1634. Letter to, 1373. 
Monteil, , Chevalier, French naval 

commander, 1604, 1627, 1646. 
Montgomerie, Thomas, of Dumfries, 

Virginia, 305. Letter from, 306. 

Letter to, 560. 

Montgomery, Hugh, Capt., Pennsyl 
vania navy, 471. 
Montgomery, Richard, Brig, and maj. 

gen., Continental army, 12, 14, 34, 39, 

40, 42, 48, 55, 56, 59; capture of St. 

Johns, 40 ; death, 63, 64 ; remarks on 

Montreal articles of capitulation, 43. 

Letters from, 18, 21, 24, 25, 27, 38. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2691 



Montgomery, Riclia rd Continued. 
43, 44, 45, 47, 51, 58. Letters to, 11, 
21, 63. 

Montgomery, Mrs. Richard (Janet 
Livingston), 445. 

Montgomery, William, Capt., 40th 
Foot, British army, 373. 

Montguyot, , Vicomte de, Lt., 
French navy, aide to de Orasse, 1977, 
1979. 

Montour, John, Indian chief, 1035, 
1736; exploit, 1631; introduced to 
Washington, 2171. Letters from, 
1035, 2130. 

Montreal (Canada), 93, 107; attacks 
and attempts on, 30, 40, 59 ; British 
troops at, 803; articles of capitula 
tion, 43 ; captured, 43, 45, 48 ; evacu 
ation, 119; German troops at, 181, 
2230; inhabitants, 24, 107; loyalist 
goods seized, 124, 129; plan against, 
2021. 

Montserrat (West Indies), 2061. 

Monty, Francis, Lt., 1st Canadian regi 
ment, Letter from, 1319. 

Moodie (Moody), Andrew, Capt., 2d 
Continental artillery, 1899. Letter 
from, 1829. 

Moody, James, Lt., 1st battalion, New 
Jersey volunteers, British Provincial 
troops, 1441, 1458, 1459, 1462, 1467; 
waylays mail, 1957. 

Mooers, Benjamin, Lt. and adj., 2d 
Canadian regiment, 2275. 

Moore, Daniel, Capt., British navy, ar 
ticles of capitulation, 568. 

Moore, James, Capt.-lt., Knox s artil 
lery, 216. 

Moore, James, Maj., 1st Pennsylvania 
regiment, 1100, 1839. Letters from, 
667, 1317, 1319. 

Moore, John, Maj., 5th Continental in 
fantry, 80. 

Moore, Joseph, Lt., 20th Foot British 
army, Letter from, 1909. 

Moore, Marian, 2370. 

Moore, Nicholas Ruxton, Capt., J { th 
Continental dragoons, Letters from, 
397, 885. Letters to, 396, 399, 957. 

Moore, Thomas, Capt., Pennsylvania 
navy, 471. 



Moore, Thomas Lloyd, Maj., 9th Penn 
sylvania regiment, 1179, 1182, 1205. 
Letter from, 1340. Letter to, 1339. 

Moore & Johnston, Merchants f, St. 
Kitts, West Indies, Letters to, 1136, 
1148. 

Moorefield, Richard, Private, nth Dra 
goons, British army, 2142. 

Morals, 328. 

Moravians, 429, 918, 971, 1352. 

More, John, Private, 4th Virginia regi 
ment, 471. 

Moreau, P., Letter from, 76. 

Morehead, Samuel, Letter from, 992. 

Morgan, Daniel, Capt., Virginia rifle 
company, col., llth and 7th Virginia 
regiments; orig. gen., Continental 
army, 453, 664, 675, 679, 865, 1674, 
1677, 1712; his account of battle of 
Cowpens, 1686 ; corps, see under rifle 
men infra; Cowpens victory, 1686, 
1691, 1716,1726-1727,1737,1776, 1790 ; 
detachment, 1702 ; exchange of, 203 ; 
health, 1952, 1963 ; intentions against 
enemy s rear, 664; junction with 
Greene, 1740; movements, 376, 380, 
387, 392, 398, 455, 631, 638, 653, 666, 
667, 678, 866, 876, 1712; position, 

487, 501, 505, 671, 822, 1652, 1695, 
1738; protects country from pillage, 
677; pursued by Cornwallis, 1740; 
pursues British, 667 ; rank, 23 ; resig 
nation, 1064 ; retreat, 1712 ; riflemen, 
36, 382, 398, 401, 403, 424, 429, 487, 

488, 501, 502 ; skirmish, 666, 638, 667. 
Letters from, 371, 378, 504, 505, 519, 
638, 667, 671, 674, 864, 1656, 1664, 
1686, 1952, 1997, 2012. Letters and 
orders to, 23, 306, 343, 376, 380, 387, 
392, 398, 625, 631, 653, 662, 675, 678, 
866, 874, 876, 1064, 1164, 1963, 1995, 
2003. 

Morgan, Ephraim, Issuing commissary 
for Sands & Co., 2048. Letter from, 
2057. 

Morgan, George, Col., deputy commis 
sary general of purchases, Western 
department, actions, 942 ; audience 
with Delaware chiefs, 1010; charges 
against, 979, 1017; charges against 
Gibson, 915, 918; efforts to discon- 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Morgan, George Continued. 

tinue occupation of Fort Laurens, 
1001; and Killbuck, 916, 922; man 
agement of western department, 
1017. Letters from, 995, 1010. Let 
ter to, 1024. 

Morgan, James. Capt., New Jersey mi 
litia, Letters from, 669, 671. 

Morgan, John, Director-general, chief 
physician, Continental hospital, 54, 
88, 89, 125, 139, 205, 217; authority 
of, 202; charges against Shippen, 
1089, 1203; charges and counter 
charges, 15, 16; conference with 
Washington, 79; dismissal, 236; dis 
pute with Shippen, 1089, 1097, 1203 ; 
false assertions, 179; inquiry into 
his hospital administration, 898; or 
ders of, 200 ; presents horse to Wash 
ington, 84. Letters from, 54, 155, 
185, 898, 1089. Letters and orders 
to, 90, 898, 1059, 1203. 

Morgan, John, Jailor, Wethersfield, 
Connecticut, 1702. 

Morgan, Lewis, Letter from, 1127. 

Morgan, Ralph, Private, 1st Rhode 
Island regiment, 52. 

Morgan, William, 593. 

Morgann, Maurice, Dr.; secretary to 
Carleton, 2109, 2111, 2122, 2304, 
2341. Letters from, 2302 2354, 2397. 
Letter to, 2285. Drafts and copies 
by, 2297. 

Morison, John, of Sunbury, Pennsyl 
vania, 1327, 1335. 

Morning gun, sec Salutes. 

Morrel, James, of New Windsor, New 
York, 1808. Instructions to, 1805. 

Morrill, Amos, Maj., 2d New Hamp 
shire regiment, Letter from, 2375. 
Letters to, 1767, 1790. 

Morris, Anthony James, Maj., 1st Con 
tinental infantry; It. col., 2d; col., 
9th Pennsylvania regiments, 100, 
101, 260. Letter to, 100, 319. Regi 
ment, 319. 

Morris, Apollos. Former maj., 27th 
Foot, British army, 332, 333 ; design 
of, 257. Letters from, 241, 242, 255, 
256. 331. Letters to, 283, 311, 313. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Morris, Christopher, Chief surveyor of 
lands, Nora Scotia, 1350. 

Morris, Gouverneur, Member, New York 
Con rent ion committee for detecting 
conspiracies; New York delegate. 
Continental Congress; mtmber, com 
mittee at headquarters; commis 
sioner to negotiate exchange of pris 
oners, 2063, 2066, 2070, 207], 2073, 
2075, 2076, 2077, 2079, 2080, 2083. 
2084, 2087: commission, 2056, 2070; 
correspondence with Clinton, 2065; 
Dalrymple s remarks to, 2085; de 
nies Dalryniple s remarks concerning 
refugees, 2085; exchange commis 
sioner, 2056 ; report on exchange ne 
gotiations, 2092, 2094; Washington s 
appreciation of his efforts. 2102. 
Letters from, 131, 2061, 2065, 2066. 
2068, 2069. 2070, 2071, 2083, 2085. 
2089, 2092, 2094. Letters and in 
structions to, 975, 2056, 2057, 2058. 
2063, 2068, 2071, 2101. See also Pris 
oners, American exchange commis 
sioners. 

Morris, Jacob, Maj., 5th New York regi 
ment; volunteer aide to Lee, 262, 293, 
330, 664. Letters from, 289, 532. 585, 
666. Letters to, 293, 536. 

Morris, Jacob, Deputy quartermaster. 
Continental army; auditor of ac 
counts of Pennsylvania, 328, 1779. 

Morris, James, Lt., 5th, capt., 2d Con 
necticut regiments, 1626, 2090. Let 
ter from, 2300. Orders to, 1890. 
Morris, James, Lt., Georgia artillery. 
1535. 

Morris, James, 442. 

Morris, John, Sergt., 4th Continental 
dragoons, 2238. 

Morris, John, Private, 4th Virginia 
regiment, 481. 

Morris, John, jr., Clerk, Pennsylvania 
general assembly, 943. 

Morris, Joseph, Maj., 1st New Jersey 
regiment, Letter to, 302. 

Morris, Lewis, Brig, gen., New York 
militia, 695, 702. 

Morris, Lewis, of Westchester county. 
New York, 2368. Letter from, 1446. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2693 



Morris, Lewis, jr., Maj., aide to Sulli 
van; It. col., aide to Greene, 252, 
1964. 

Morris, Lewis R., Ensign, 2d New 
York regiment, Letter from, 2255. 
Letter to, 2294. 

Morris, Richard, Chief justice of New 
York, 2311. 

Morris, Robert, Pennsylvania dele 
gate, Continental Congress; super 
intendent of finance, 654, 1823, 1881, 
2046, 2047, 2178, 2189, 2219, 2220, 
2228, 2229, 2290, 2328, 2452, 2455; 
ability to advance pay to army, 
2388; anticipates money from 
France, 2357; appointed superin 
tendent of finance, 1854; arrange 
ments, 2042; bills of exchange, 
2002-2003, 2242; contract dispute 
referred to, 2113-2114; contract 
plan, 2034; contracts, 2001, 2018, 
2075; efforts and exertions, 2049, 
2063, 2402; embarrassments, 2102; 
inability to pay for overalls, 2327; 
mode for supplying officers cloth 
ing, 2048; neglects contracts in 
Southern States, 2017; notes and 
drafts, 2042, 2096, 2150, 2188, 2216, 
2222, 2228, 2229. 2429; his notes 
forged, 2419; offer to obtain sup 
plies, 1871; prejudice against, 2034, 
2358; proposal of clothing certifi 
cates to officers, 2093; requisition, 
2038; Sands proposals to, 2220; 
sons introduced to de Grasse, 1980; 
payment of tax to, 2146. Letters 
from, 221, 2001, 2220. Letters to, 
411, 426, 2195, 2222, 2228. 

Morris, , Pilot, 2069. 

Morris, , (Mrs.), 583. 

Morris county (New Jersey), 278, 
1300, 1674; court-house, 2069; mag 
istrates, 1222 ; militia, 255. 

Morris house (Roger Morris , three 
miles north of Harlem), 1777, 1778. 

Morris Road (Pennsylvania), 442. 

Morrisania (New York), 1182, 1231. 
1289, 1879, 1880; account of attack 
on, 1694; British loss at, 1699; Brit 
ish ships at, 373; communication 
with Harlem, 2283; enterprise 



Morrisania Continued. 

against, 335, 1232, 1667, 1669, 1685, 
1687, 1690, 1691, 1692, 1693, 1696, 
1697, 1702; loss at, 1694. 

Morrison, Isaac, Capt., 1st New Jer 
sey regiment, 922. 

Morrison, James, Ensign, 8th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, Letter from, 1926. 

Morrison, James, of Montreal, 75. 

Morrison, John, Justice of the peace, 
Goshen precinct, New York, Letter 
from, 1770. 

Morrison, - , Capt., Pennsylvania 
militia, 250. 

Morristown (New Jersey), 223, 277. 
343, 424, 535, 658, 660, 765, 922, 
1046, 1086, 1182, 1185, 1191, 1193, 
1195, 1196, 1202, 1272, 1277, 1318, 
1321, 1362, 1371, 1438, 1449, 1670, 
1672, 1695, 1707, 1709, 1710, 1715, 
1717, 1874, 1908, 1948, 2005, 2066, 
2256, 2271; army moves to, 356; at 
tack on, 256; British intentions 
against, 272, 770, 1695 ; command at. 
455; encampment map, 1226; ex 
presses to Providence, 1354; fortifi 
cations, 330 ; letter from inhabitants, 
222; orders to commanding officer 
at, 227 ; post at, 341, 1699 ; roads to, 
1721; stores and supplies at, 330, 
341, 417, 421, 1750. 

Morristown road, 841, 1358. 

Morse, Charles, Clerk, office of secre 
tary to Congress, 1725. 

Mortars, see Artillery. 

Mortier, Abraham (Mrs.), Letter from. 
1862. Letter to, 1866. 

Morton, James, Lt., 4th Virginia regi 
ment; asst. commissary of issues, 
2094. 

Morton, John, Speaker, Pennsylvania 
Assembly, 90. 

Morton, Perez, Deputy Secretary, 
Massachusetts House of Representa 
tives, 42, 66. 

Moseley, Increase, Col., Connecticut 
militia, 693. 

Mosher, William, Lt., Westchester 
county, New York, militia, Letter 
from, 2000. 

Mosquito Cove (Long Island), 1583. 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Moss, John, Capt., agent for stores in 
Virginia, 822. Letter to, 1057. 

Motisher, George, 764. 

Mott, Gershoin, Capt., 1st New York 
regiment and 2d Continental artil 
lery ^ Letter from, 86. 

Mott, John, Loyalist, 2296. 

Moulton, Johnson, Lt. col., 7th Conti 
nental infantry; l)rig. gen., Massa 
chusetts militia, 241. Letter from, 
74. 

Moulton, William, Capt., Warner s Ad 
ditional Continental regiment, 1613. 

Moultrie, William, Brig, gen., Conti 
nental army, 2043. 

Mountene, T., alias of Col. Timothy 
Bedel q. v. 

Mountflorence, , Letter to, 1140. 

Mount Holly (New Jersey), 660, 662. 

Mount Hope (Lake George), 263, 358. 

Mount Independence (New York), 244, 
254, 346, 348. 

Mount, James, Loyalist, 1029. 

Mount Kemble (New Jersey), 1636. 

Mount Pleasant (near Philadelphia), 
1389. 

Mount Vernon (Virginia), 1608, 2064. 
2435, 2441, 2449, 2457; Lafayette s 
visit to, 1775. 

Mount Washington (New York), Brit 
ish designs against, 203; captured, 
207 ; damages British ships, 173 ; de 
fence, 184; evacuation, 204; fortifi 
cations, 145, 163; fortifications op 
posite, 179, 180, 181; importance, 
204; reenforcement, 198. 

Mounts, see Horses. 

Moylan, John, Col., asst. clothier-gen 
eral and clothier-general, 1643; the 
clothier-generalship, 1722, 1730, 1816 ; 
health, 2255; report on blanket sup 
ply, 2325. Letters from, 1265, 1307, 
1685, 1722, 1756, 1816, 1988, 2011, 
2064, 2085, 2189, 2196, 2216, 2229, 
2283, 2327, 2426, 2429. Letters to, 
1127, 1279, 1638, 1675, 1723, 1730, 
1808, 2062, 2183, 2203, 2241, 2249, 
2265, 2317, 2431, 2439. 

Moylan, Stephen, Agent for fitting out 
Continental armed vessels; muster- 
master general, Continental army; 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Moylan, Stephen Continued . 
U. col., aide to Washington; col. and 
quartermaster general; col., 4th 
Continental dragoons, 61, 128, 169, 
174, 242, 372, 377, 427, 630, 894, 
1026, 1231, 1242, 1259, 1261, 1262, 
1277, 1315, 1663, 1984; leave of ab 
sence 1109, 1110; affray with Zie- 
linski, 496, 538, 543; command of 
the cavalry, 578, 579; continuance 
in service, 2300; health, 1986, 1988; 
measures taken by, 1988; misrep 
resented, 1227; personal matters, 
1290, 1300, 1308; plan for obtaining 
cavalry horses, 557; rank, 353, 625; 
secret service expense, 1110; on the 
situation, 671 ; suggestion of, 219. 
Letters from, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 33, 
34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 48, 49, 
50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 
60, 62, 63, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 76, 
77, 78, 81, 82, 84, 97, 185, 245, 291, 
364, 373, 376, 378, 427, 557, 611, 613, 
615, 625, 633, 638, 662, 663, 667, 669, 
671, 672, 673, 677, 693, 696, 698, 
1076, 1091, 1101, 1173, 1215, 1227, 
1231, 1242, 1248, 1249, 1258, 1261, 
1264, 1290, 1296, 1308, 1315, 1366, 
1388, 1455, 1472, 1632, 1754, 1986, 
1988, 2300. Letters, instructions, 
and orders to, 23, 25, 26, 28, 30, 31, 
33, 35, 47, 48, 50, 51, 63, 67, 73, 76, 
84, 94, 118, 180, 183, 216, 315, 372, 
377, 379, 381, 415, 416, 446, 578, 584, 
591, 595, 597, 606, 615, 618, 625, 629, 
635, 655, 666, 676, 680, 685, 694, 698, 
828, 868, 1062, 1072, 1094, 1104, 
1106, 1109, 1137, 1144, 1192, 1193, 
1204, 1209, 1214, 1216, 1223, 1244, 
1246, 1253, 1256, 1257, 1270, 1288, 
1300, 1311, 1368, 1388, 1413, 1424, 
1612, 1616, 1620, 1632, 1770, 1966, 
1979, 1985, 2307, 2238. Drafts and 
copies by, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 48, 53, 
54, 56, 57, 59, 66, 70, 71, 72, 76, 77, 
82, 84, 86, 88, 89, 93, 94, 96, 205, 
230, 1389, 1390. Regiment, 245, 290, 
291, 315, 325, 375, 376, 379, 625, 629, 
633, 855, 865, 868, 870, 872, 1076, 
1091. 1094, 1106, 1144, 1173, 1208, 
1209, 1214, 1215, 1216, 1231, 1243, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2695 



Moylan, Stephen Continued . 
1244, 1246, 1253, 1257, 1258, 1261, 
1288, 1290, 1308, 1388, 1612, 1616, 
1610, 1620, 1632, 1755, 1773, 1966, 
1986, 2031, 2307 ; letter to command 
ing officer, 579; march and move 
ments, 373, 381, 1231, 1616; mutiny, 
373; returns, 1632. See also Cav 
alry, 4th Continental dragoons. 

Mud Island, sec Fort Mifflin. 
Mugford, Thomas, Master of armed 
schooner "Franklin" 110. 

Muhlenberg, Frederick A., Pennsyl 
vania delegate, Continental Con 
tinental Congress; member, medical 
committee, 1306. 

Muhlenberg, Peter, Col., 8th Virginia 
regiment; brig, gen., Continental 
army, 291, 342, 361, 391, 397, 402, 
408, 425, 451, 454, 514, 637, 651, 695. 
710, 724, 740, 769, 963, 1033, 1034, 
1043, 1063, 1092, 1093, 1304, 1332, 
1333, 1387, 1397, 1426, 1429, 1913, 
2056, 2072, 2094, 2113, 2122, 2123, 
2195, 2223, 2330; health, 1976, 2188, 
23S5; opinion, 655; opinion in coun 
cil of war, 726, 796 ; opinion on win 
ter campaign and attacking Phila 
delphia, 496 ; opinion on winter quar 
ters, 491 ; on plans of campaign, 603 ; 
personal matters, 809; rank, 552, 
562, 564, 565, 595, 596; to superin 
tend recruiting, 2057, 2066, 2096. 
Letters and orders from, 261, 491, 
496, 595, 596, 603, 655, 681, 726, 789, 
792, 809, 885, 887, 1011, 1261, 1325, 
1341, 1387, 1395, 1431, 1444, 1480, 
1554, 1898, 1953, 1976, 2095, 2104, 
2120, 2128, 2163, 2168, 2196, 2222, 
2229, 2273, 2318, 2335, 2386. Letters, 
orders, and instructions to, 268, 290, 
303, 324, 328, 410, 529, 622, 652, 653, 
702, 716, 747, 759, 792, 794, 818, 827, 
842, 857, 874, 875, 878, 921, 928, 
1013, 1079, 1133, 1141, 1153, 1201, 
1260, 1305, 1313, 1404, 1411, 1414, 
1456, 1518, 1573, 2057, 2117, 2176, 
2222, 2241, 2249, 2273, 2332. Regi 
ment, 261; brigade, 1092, 1411; offi 
cers, 652. 



Muir (Mure) William, Capt., 82d Foot, 
British army, 1538. 

Muirson, Francis, Long Island loyal 
ist, 1570. 

Muirson, Heathcot, Long Island loyal 
ist, 1570. 

Muirson, Richard, Volunteer, and 
American spy, 1624. Letter to, 1888. 

Mulattoes, see Negroes. 

Mullen, Daniel, British deserter, 2281. 

Mullen, Michael, 761. 

Mullen, William, 2230. 

Mullens, Thomas, Capt. and brig. maj. 
to Borre, 393, 394, 396, 399 ; conduct, 
387 ; introduced to Washington, 310 ; 
sentence, 391. 

Mullins, Joseph, Whaleboat captain, 
New Jersey loyalist, 2103. 

Mullock, William, New York loyalist, 
2098. 

Mumford, David, Lt., 2d Continental 
dragoons, 1347. 

Mumford, Thomas, 853, 929. Letter to, 
823. 

Muncy (Pennsylvania), 990. 

Munday, William, Lt., 2d New York 
regiment, 1347, 1364. Letter from, 
1363. 

Munieu, Pierre, Letter from, 2174. 

Munson, Theophilus, Capt., 8th Con 
necticut regiment, Letter to, 1131. 

Munson, William, Capt., 2d Canadian 
regiment, 2342. Letter from, 2343. 
Letter to, 2344. 

Murder of civilian by a soldier, 2012. 

Murderer s Creek (New York), 1641, 
1642. 

Murders, see Barbarities. 

Mure, William, see Muir. 

Murfree, Hardy, Maj. and It. col., 1st 
North Carolina regiment, 1186. Let 
ter from, 2092. 

Murnand, Jean Bernard de, Maj., en 
gineers, Continental army, 984, 1154, 
1734; arrest, 1905; certificate of 
service, 2394 ; charges against, 1904 ; 
health, 1340 ; introduced to Washing 
ton, 556; promotion, 2392; qualifica 
tions, 556; wounds a sergeant, 1442. 
Letters and orders to, 1002, 1442. 



1779 1780 1781 

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2696 



LIBRAEY OF CONGRESS 



Murphy, Daniel, Private, 3d Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 194. 

Murphy, John, Servant, maj. Steward, 
391, 393, 394. 

Murran, William, of Dominica; ensign, 
2d Pennsylvania regiment, 1012. 

Murray, Francis, Maj., 13th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, Letters from, 421, 
546. 

Murray, James, Lt., 9th Foot, British 
army, 1634. 

Murray, John, Maj., 13th and 2d, It. 
col., 2d Pennsylvania regiments, 963, 
985, 1100, 1104. Letter from, 436. 
Letter to, 417. 

Murray, John, jr.. Long Island mer 
chant, Letter from, 255. 

Murray, Richard, British commissary 
of prisoners at Quebec, 186, 1374, 
1390, 1391. 

Murray, Seth, Col., Hampshire county, 
Massachusetts, militia, Letter from, 
1511. 

Murray & Wright, Long Island mer 
chants, 255. 

Muse, Walker, Lt., Smallwood s Mary 
land regiment, 594. 

Musgrave, Thomas, Col., 40th Foot, 
British army; brig. gen. in America, 
2296, 2419. Letters from, 2383, 2411, 
2420. Letters to, 2384, 2411. 

Musical instruments, see Band. 

Musicians, 2019, 2024, 2403. 

Muskets, see Arms. 

Musket cartridges, see Cartridges. 

Musket ball contrivance, 186, 187. 

Musket balls, see Ammunition. 

Musket battalion, 261. 

Muskingum River (Ohio), 991; scheme 
for forming a new state on, 2090. 

Musse, Milicent de, introduced to 
Washington, 328. 

Muster master, 858, 954, 1113, 1540; ap 
pointed, 2151; conduct, 2172; de 
ceived, 2193, 2264; deputy, 311; dis 
trict, 2106; resignation, 965. 

Mustermaster department, 1097, 1260, 
1268, 1283, 1867, 2030. 

Mustermaster general. Continental 
army, 297 ; see also Ward, Joseph. 

Muster rolls and musters, see Returns. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER.. _ 1-60 



Mustering, 1807. 
Mustering officers, see Officers. 
Mutineers, court-martial, 2113 ; New 
Jersey, 1708, 1711, 1713; 

Pennsylvania, arrested, 2432; 
court-martial, 2420, 2431, 2432; 
furloughed, 2413, 2420; march 
against, 2410, 2411, 2412, 2413; 
negotiations with, 2413 ; sentences, 
2432; 

petition pardon, 898 ; punishment of, 
2390; released, 907; treatment of, 
913, 1704, 2121. 

Mutiny, 109, 123, 141, 904, 948, 966, 
996, 1001, 1007, 1352, 1368, 1837, 1848 
2035; British, 896, 1176, 1897, 1909; 
Connecticut troops, 1343, 1344, 2134 ; 
countenanced by officers, 939 ; First 
Continental dragoons, 2363, 2366; 
among frontier troops, 1817; Hes 
sian, 181; in Huntington s brigade, 
898, 904; loyalist, 2225; New Jersey 
line, 1687, 1691, 1694, 1697, 1698, 
1702, 1705, 1708; New York troops, 
1889; 

Pennsylvania line, 1661, 1662, 
1665, 1666, 1668, 1671, 1672, 1678, 
1687, 1694, 1700, 1701, 1702, 1704, 
1705, 1729, 1736, 1743, 1752, 1753, 
1754, 1839, 2093, 2410, 2411; influ 
ences behind, 2432; instigators, 
2432; investigation, 2416, 2432; 
officers responsible for, 2413; 
prosecutions arising from, 2416; 
report on, 2431; situation, 2414; 
suppression, 1856 ; 

in Poor s brigade, 462 ; prevention of, 
1911; punishment, 898; in Southern 
army, 2080; spirit of, 919, 932, 994, 
1000, 1001, 1024, 1812, 2015, 2039, 
2080, 2090, 2104, 2109; suppression 
of, 919, 985, 1000, 1001, 1114, 1343, 
1856, 2059, 2104, 2108, 2121, 2391; 
threats, 2134; from want of bread, 
998; of West Point garrison, 2390. 

Myers, Jacob, see Mehs. 

Myers, John, Clerk, to Varick, 1965. 

Myers, , Captain, 1198. 

Mytinger, Jacob, Lt., Marechaussee 
corps, Instructions to, 1945. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2697 



N. 



Nadal, . Lt. col., French artillery 

and park director in America, 1747. 

Nagel, Peter, Private, Angel s Rhode 
Island regiment, 275. 278, 279. 

Nagle, George, Copt., 2d, It. col., 9th, 
col., 10th Pennsylvania regiment, 
46,270. Letter from, 564. Regiment, 
260. 

Nails, 38, 111, 117, 188, 190, 231, 569, 
1513. 1871, 1875, 187G, 1881, 1889, 
1893, 2271 ; making of, 1507 ; needed, 
105, 134, 137, 194, 1507, 1511, 1852, 
1886, 2079; rods, 1893. 

NANCY, British store-ship, 13. 

NANCY, British ordnance brig, 194. 

Nantasket (Massachusetts), 2191, 
2198. 

Nantasket Road (Massachusetts), 91, 
729. 

Nantes (France), 257, 843. 

Nantucket (Massachusetts), 1468. 

Napier, Francis, Lord, Lt., 31st Foot, 
British army, 542. 

Narragansett Bay (Rhode Island), 
62. 

Narrows, see New York bay. 

Nash, Abner, Governor of North Caro 
lina, 371, 1496. 

Nash, Francis, Brig, gen., Continental 
army, 424, 425. Letter from, 396. 
Letters and orders to, 388, 390, 399, 
402, 403, 404. 

Natchez (Mississippi), attempt agaMnst, 
1050, 1146, 1214; fort captured at, 
1255; seized by Spanish, 1274. 

Nation, see United States. 

Navarro, Diego Jose de, Governor and 
captain-general of Havana, 1020, 
1031, 1239, 1323, 1425, 1472, 1554. 
Letters from, 933, 572, 1389. Let 
ter to, 1320. 

Navesink Highlands (New Jersey), 
1403, 1598. 

Navy, board, 407, 983; Eastern board, 
1112; letter from, 1361. 

Navy, fleets, 1867, 2098, 2158; intel 
ligence, 1615, 1890; officers, 481; 
superiority for America, 1981, 1994. 



Navy, British (Ships, and shipping, 
squadrons, etc.), 375, 469, 503, 636, 
642, 702, 712, 750, 791, 805, 829, 850, 
1120, 1245, 1392, 1428, 1819, 1828, 
1936, 1969, 2225; actions, sec under 
encounters, etc. ; advertisement for 
enlistments, 1446; alarmed, 156; 
arms embarked on ships, 1565; ar 
tillery embarked, 1952; assembling, 
892, 2123; battles, see under en 
counters, etc., also under Battles, 
naval; beef for, 2236; burned, plans 
to burn, etc., 531, 534, 568, 776, 1953 ; 
captured and seized vessels, 31, 33, 
36, 254, 569, 711, 791, 854, 895, 1122, 
1266; captures by, 1452, 1676; cap 
tures ordered restored, 2107; com 
mand in America, 772 ; commanders 
movements, 2030 ; communication 
with Philadelphia, 444, 457; condi 
tion, 174, 816, 860, 1403, 1792, 1806, 
1957, 1967, 1971; convoy, 1565, 1769, 
1580; cooperation against Fort Mif- 
flin, 466; cruisers, 360, 1818, 2107, 
2040; damaged, destroyed, etc., 173, 
467, 702, 719, 835, 848, 855, 856, 859, 
861, 890, 892, 893, 896, 908, 958, 964, 
1699, 1708, 1735, 1737, 1743, 1901, 
1955, 1957, 1967, see also under en 
counters and losses; defeats, 759, 

785, 1949, see also under damaged, 
encounters, and losses ; deserters, 
see Deserters; despatch vessels, 
1327; destination, 85, 371, 374, 381, 
383, 393, 402, 576, 773, 790, 799, 802, 
804, 806, 807, 808, 811, 814, 816, 818, 
824, 841, 848, 877, 927, 1106, 1160, 
1210, 1262, 1271, 1275, 1592, 1751, 
1939, 2006, see also under move 
ments; division of fleet, 783; en 
counters, engagements, actions, at 
tempts and plans against, etc. 
(fleets, squadrons, and single ships), 
3, 128, 161, 163, 194, 449, 458, 475, 
531, 533, 534, 535, 557, 560, 687, 690, 
1545, 1559, 1705, 1818. 2021, 2099; 
engagements with the French, 700, 
706, 711, 712, 715, 756, 757, 759, 779, 

786, 789, 872, 1167, 1176, 1260, 1354, 
1398, 1752, 1758-1759. 1760, 1762. 
1763, 1764, 1765, 1766, 1831, 1850, 



1779 

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56214 VOL 4 1. 



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2698 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Navy, British Continued. 

1851, 1949, 1960, 1964, 1967; fire- 
ships, 1401, 1956, 1960, 1962, 1967, 
1968, 1969, 1970; flags of truce, 
1610; fleets, 135, 148, 372, 375, 381, 
382, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 390, 391, 
393, 396, 401, 402, 447, 455, 466, 579, 
633, 643, 797, 1042, 1105, 1262, 1353, 
1407, 1462, 1585, 1810, 1905, 1941; 
forage vessels, 748, 762, 776, 814; 
frigates, 434, 704, 1580, 1624. 2230; 
guard ships, 823, 1945; gunboats, 
985; health, 741, 746, 755, 764, 772, 
807; impress, see Impress; intelli 
gence, news, reports, etc., of, 191, 
376, 378, 395, 412, 458, 717, 721. 724, 
736, 745, 754, 779, 780, 787, 793, 810, 
812, 821, 824, 936, 1065, 1106, 1162, 
1249, 1333, 1369, 1414, 1518, 1540, 
1553, 1624, 1627, 1763, 1770, 1791, 
1813, 1853, 1895, 1901, 1911. 1920, 
1932, 1934, 1935, 1938, 1990, 2048, 
2186. 2199, 2200, 2239, 2241, 2246, 
2261, 2264, 2274, 2285, 2305; inten 
tions, 1125, 1464, 1621, 2144, 2241; 
junctions of fleets, 1428 ; lists of 
ships, 1195, 1394, 1403, 1453, 1887, 
2205, 2217; loss of ships, 489, 741, 
837, 845, 848, 849, 852, 961, 1314, 
1585, 1624, 1698, 1961, 2230, see 
also under damaged ; movements, 6, 
7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 21, 
22, 52, 68, 136, 139, 146, 150, 151, 
152, 155, 156, 157, 159, 160, 161, 163, 
165, 166, 167, 168, 171, 172, 178, 191, 
194, 201, 205, 216, 232, 267, 294, 297, 
301, 310, 330, 331, 340, 343, 359, 360, 
364, 366, 367, 369, 371, 372, 374, 375, 
376, 377, 378, 380, 382, 383, 386, 387, 
390, 412, 429, 447, 460, 461, 463, 467, 
469, 471, 472, 473, 474, 485, 489, 505, 
506, 508, 509, 510, 575, 576, 579, 589, 
594, 599, 611, 627, 633, 635, 638, 639, 
658, 659, 669, 671, 681, 704, 705, 707, 
711, 715, 716, 717, 718, 719, 720, 721, 
728, 729, 732, 735, 743, 744, 745, 746, 
748, 749, 750, 753, 759, 774,776,777,778, 
779, 780, 781, 783, 784, 785, 786, 787, 
789, 794, 797, 798, 799, 800, 802, 803, 
804, 807, 808, 809, 810, 812, 813, 822, 
824, 825, 826, 828, 830, 831, 832, 837, 



1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Navy, British Continued. 

838, 840, 842, 844, 845, 849, 850, 858, 
860, 861, 863, 868, 869, 870, 874, 875, 
880, 884, 890, 895, 897, 898, 905, 911, 
940, 945, 948, 956, 958, 960, 964, 965, 
972, 1004, 1005, 1014, 1016, 1026, 
1029, 1033, 1045, 1049, 1050, 1061, 
1079, 1087, 1093, 1095, 1096, 1101, 
1106, 1119, 1120, 1125, 1128, 1129, 
1148, 1150, 1151, 1164, 1166, 1168, 
1170, 1171, 1203, 1206, 1208, 1210, 
1211, 1212, 1233, 1255, 1268. 1300, 
1303, 1305, 1307, 1308, 1313, 1318, 
1320. 1329, 1330, 1331, 1337, 1344, 
1352, 1353, 1364, 1365, 1366, 1367, 
1373, 1375, 1378, 1379, 1380, 1381, 
1383, 1386, 1395, 1400, 1402, 1403, 
1409, 1410, 1411, 1413, 1414, 1415, 
1416, 1421, 1422, 1430, 1432, 1439, 
1454, 1469, 1480, 1481, 1485, 1486, 
1489, 1495, 1503, 1550, 1557, 1568, 
1569, 1574, 1580, 1583, 1586, 1587- 
1588, 1598, 1605, 1607, 1608, 1611, 
1625, 1650, 1652, 1657, 1659, 1710, 
1737, 1748. 1749, 1750, 1751, 1753, 
1756, 1760, 1763, 1783, 1784, 1788, 
1794, 1816, 1821, 1823, 1828, 1833, 
1834, 1840, 1846, 1849, 1850, 1851, 
1864, 1872, 1878, 1879, 1896, 1902, 
1906, 1908, 1910, 1911, 1919, 1921, 
1922, 1923, 1924, 1930, 1931, 1935, 
1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1945, 1951, 
1955, 1961, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1975, 
1977, 1978, 1982, 1991, 2004, 2005. 
2008, 2014, 2016, 2040, 2052, 2079, 
2107, 2131, 2135, 2141, 2143, 2190, 
2191, 2195, 2207, 2210, 2211, 2219, 
2221, 2222, 2223, 2235, 2236, 2238, 
2240, 2243, 2245, 2253, 2254, 2259, 
2260, 2261, 2262, 2265, 2267, 2268, 
2273, 2275, 2277, 2279, 2280, 2281, 
2283, 2284, 2285, 2288, 2289, 2290, 
2312, 2321; officers, 569, 840, 2030; 
letter to commanding officer of ships 
below Stony Point, 1084; opinions 
on naval movements, 1415; position 
of ships, fleets, etc., 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 
15, 28, 34, 55, 91, 95, 97, 119, 135, 
145, 148, 150, 154, 156, 159, 167, 195. 
219, 300, 301, 304, 311, 322, 360, 372, 
373, 374, 375, 381, 382, 385, 387, 388. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2699 



Navy, British Continued. 

391, 39G, 403, 412, 436, 456, 457, 458. 
466, 4GS, 477, 483, 487, 508, 569, 575, 
576, 579, 587, 631, 636, 643, 658, 660, 
691, 695, 698, 716, 718, 719, 725, 726, 
727, 728, 729, 733, 741, 752, 756, 773, 
780, 788, 805, 812, 813, 823, 826, 831, 
832, 841, 848, 850, 855, 859, 868, 871, 
873, 876, 893, 912, 926, 930, 966, 967, 
1001, 1014, 1016, 1040, 1041, 1049 ; 
1051, 1071, 1079, 1084, 1091, 1093, 
1160, 1165, 1167, 1176, 1194, 1212, 
1240, 1281, 1285, 1303, 1308, 1336, 
1349, 1351, 1355, 1366, 1373, 1375, 
1376, 1377, 1378, 1379, 1381, 1385, 
1392, 1412, 1415-1416, 1418, 1425, 
1437, 1446, 1450, 1452, 1453, 1461, 
1464, 1466, 1467, 1468, 1488, 1489, 
1496, 1498, 1522, 1523, 1530, 1536, 
1540, 1548, 1552, 1560, 1573, 1574, 
1589, 1603, 1612, 1620, 1686, 1705, 
1708, 1719, 1722, 1725, 1755, 1758, 
1765, 1772, 1786, 1796, 1807, 1815, 
1863, 1869, 1870, 1878, 1882, 1885, 
1896, 1902, 1908, 1909, 1914, 1920, 
1942, 1982, 2002, 2027, 2130, 2144, 
2223, 2224, 2259, 2266, 2269, 2271, 
2274, 2281, 2283, 2291; packets, 995, 
2109, 2225, 2262; preparations, 
338, 364 ? 394, 826, 872, 890, 976, 
1205, 1596, 1967, 2107, 2123, 2140, 
2235, 2243, 2274, 2275, 2277; raids 
and ravages, 1023, 1784; reconnoi- 
tered, 475; reconnoitering squadron, 
1412; reenforcements, 99, 467, 468, 
470, 724, 727. 735, 822, 1428, 1760, 
1773, 1922, 1964; repairs, 712, 767; 
scout ships, 1514 ; seamen, sec sea 
men ; ships of the line, 1902, 1946, 
1949, 1960, 2223, 2239; signals, 67, 
1392 ; sink vessels to obstruct chan 
nels, 1957, 1958, 1961, 1962, 2160, 
2199; the situation, 892; stores, 
supplies, supply fleets, provisions, 
etc., 112, 169, 176, 453, 524, 568, 684, 
687, 892, 1029, 1166, sec also Cork 
fleet and Quebec fleet ; strength, 196, 
380, 436, 644, 684, 686, 717, 746, 927, 
1210, 1338, 1364, 1381, 1403, 1406, 
1412, 1430, 1436, 1450, 1452, 1540, 
1581, 1583, 1605, 1665, 1705, 1750- 



Navy, British Continued. 

1751, 1820, 1882, 1888, 1936, 1937, 
1960, 1966, 1970, 1971, 1982, 2030, 
2199, 2225, 2321; surrendered, 1972; 
transports, 366, 810, 1172, 1535, 
1760, 1970; captured, 62, 71, 127, 
128, 137, 510, 913, 1159, 1462, 1581, 
1734; for Convention troops, 500, 
506, 570; convoy, 2239; destina 
tion, 2137; loading, 734, 746, 748, 
761, 781; movements, 4, 127, 131, 
256, 318, 456, 471, 485, 553, 610, 
717, 718, 739, 762, 852, 871, 940, 
958, 961, 1150, 1316, 1402, 1423, 
1754, 1756, 1760, 1842, 1863, 1878, 
2043, 2044, 2095, 2097, 2119, 2126, 
2133, 2217, 2219, 2238, 2242, 2254, 
2276, 2277, 2283, 2285, 2287, 2291, 
2363, 2439 ; number of, 1873 ; plan 
against, 1238 ; position, 1, 534, 717, 
719, 758, 803, 865, 1004, 1962, 2115, 
2279, 2297, 2299, 2313 ; preparation 
of, 455, 463, 692, 71 5, 741, 744, 748, 
764, 772, 790, 804, 855, 871, 951, 
979, 1195, 1405, 2225, 2234, 2239, 
2248, 2254; seamen, see Seamen; 
for South Carolinians, 2125; 
troops on board, 475; 
troops on ships, 377, 471, 474, 721, 
812, 848, 859, 868, 1092, 1208, 1210, 
1351, 1573, 1574, 1580, 1920, 1937, 
1940; victories, 1194, 1462, 2120, 
see also under encounters, etc.; 
Lund Washington s actions toward 
ships, 1798; wounded sent on ships, 
1091; wrecks, 174, 434, 1213, see 
also under damaged and losses. 
See also Arbuthnot; Armed ves 
sels; Boats; Byron; Cork fleet; 
Graves; Hood; Howe, Richard, 
Lord; Impress; Rodney; Seamen; 
Walsingham. 

Navy, Continental, 795, 1374, 1562, 
2067; application to enter, 2194; co 
operation with land forces, 446, 448, 
450, 454 ; command, 688, 1268 ; cruis 
ers, 1412, 1416; desertions, 435, 436, 
442; establishment, 1818; fireships 
or boats, 157, 160, 531 ; 

frigates, 314, 321, 439, 695 ; build 
ing at Portsmouth, 2127; destruc- 



1779 1780 1781 

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2700 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Navy, Continental Continued. 

tion of, 433, 446, 614, 615; em 
ployment of, 1267, 1275, 1426, 1437, 
1448, 1450, 1458, 1743, 1782; in 
structions for, 1438; powder, 288, 
414, 426; 

movements, 1280, 1735 ; needed, 2378, 
2379; officers, 481, 1472, 1515, 1701, 
1961; panic, 428, 429; position, 157, 
263, 321, 428, 435, 437, 442, 448, 449, 
471, 481, 943; prisoners, see Prison 
ers; reenforcements, 345, 448; sea 
men from the army, 91, 105, 263, 437, 
540, see also Seamen ; stores and sup 
plies, 113, 438; strength, 177. See 
also Armed vessels and Hazelwood, 
John. 

Navy, Dutch, 2183. 

Navy, French, (Fleets, squadrons, 
single ships, etc.), 633, 683, 687, 710, 
1105, 1129, 1140, 1142, 1143. 1150, 
1158, 1346, 1350, 1540, 1549, 1646, 
1710, 1755, 1763, 1849, 1895, 1900, 
1907, 1914, 1924, 1941, 2047, 2163; 
accident, 1729; aid requested from, 
1752, 1799, 2017; American distrust 
of, 723; assistance from Continen 
tal frigates, 1426; attention paid 
Vaudreuil s squadron, 2270; bake 
ovens for, 700; blockaded, 1467, 
1524; bravery, valor, etc., 1766, 
1771; British attempts on. 735, 776, 
779, 780, 781, 789, 2141 ; captures by, 
715, 850, 854, 1266, 1580, 1583, 1614, 
1731, 1X32, 1733; causes British un 
easiness, 1326 ; combined with Span 
ish, 1846; command. 1640, 1647, 
1763, 1822, 1824, 1826; communica 
tion with, 682, 1130; conciliation of, 
723; condition, 1396, 2265, 2273; 
convoy, 1791; cooperation and co 
operative measures, 691, 694, 696, 
697, 700, 703, 712, 723, 933, 1129, 
1130, 1131, 1146, 1147, 1150, 1151, 
1156, 1159, 1337, 1341, 1347, 1406, 
1678, 1737, 1978, 1979; criticized, 
715, 717, 723; damaged, 712; de 
serters, 2112, 2114, 2133, 2162, 2226, 
2231, 2232; despatches and letters 
for, 1331, 1393, 1394, 1418; encoun 
ters, engagements, actions, battles, 

1775 

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Navy, French Continued, 
etc., 700. 702, 706, 711, 712, 715, 756, 
757, 774, 779, 786, 790, 848, 855, 872, 
1167, 1176, 1326, 1354, 1398, 1407, 
1758. 1759, 1760, 1762, 1764, 1765, 
1766, 1831, 1850, 1964, 1967 ; flags of 
truce to British fleet, 1610; 

frigates, 1560, 1615, 1698, 1705, 
1801, 1931; captured, 1413; from 
France, 1739; to France, 1573, 
1576, 1581, 1587, 1614, 2274; 
guard for, 1729, 1927 ; harmony with, 
717, 723, 727, 728, 743, 745, 761, see 
also under cooperation ; health, 
1416, 1419, 1426, 1428, 1867; im 
portance of fleet, 695, 710, 712; in 
telligence, news, reports, etc., of, 
1134. 1340, 1365, 1369, 1392, 1520, 
1530, 1544, 1759, 1791, 1932, 1939; 
intelligence for, 755; junction of 
first and second divisions, 1444; 
junction with American troops, 1733; 
list of ships, 1657, 1734; masts for, 
1233, 1245; misunderstanding with, 
725, 763: movements, 165, 674, 680, 
682, 684, 686, 688, 689, 692, 695, 699, 
710, 712, 713. 714, 715, 717, 718, 724, 
725, 788, 819, 835, 840, 1126, 1133, 

1146, 1156, 1164, 1326, 1329, 1337, 
1338, 1352, 1382, 1384, 1393, 1394, 
1395, 1398, 1400, 1430, 1472, 1508, 
1517, 1595, 1616, 1649, 1677, 1705, 
1710, 1711. 1715, 1718, 1720, 1722, 
1725, 1728, 1732, 1733, 1741, 1746, 
1748, 1751, 1753, 1758, 1760, 1766, 
1776, 1802, 1815, 1824, 1840, 1850, 
1851, 1908, 1914, 1916, 1920, 1937, 
1942, 1946, 1950, 1965, 1966, 1968. 
1970, 2021, 2132, 2152. 2183, 2187, 
2197-2198. 2206, 2207, 2293, 2306, 
2307, 2317; officers, 713, 1399, 1705, 
1965, 2458; letter to commanding 
officer, 1725; pilots, 685, 695, 738, 

1147, 1393, 1763, 1908, 1909; posi 
tion, 162, 235, 682, 684, 698, 713, 
749, 943, 1129, 1160, 1166, 1336, 1341, 
1351, 1372, 1395, 1396, 1401, 1404. 
1412, 1522, 1698, 1719, 1731, 1734, 
1750, 1755, 1847, 1848, 1851, 1855, 
1856, 1859, 1957, 1959, 1969, 2231; 
preparations, 1395, 1733, 1734, 1737, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2701 



Navy, French Continued. 

1739, 1742, 2270 ; protection, 712, 729, 
763, 1848, 1915, 1969, 1970, 2233, 
2241 ; protest against leaving Rhode 
Island, 712, 713; refitting and re 
pairs, 715, 729, 745, 1774; responsi 
bility for failure of Rhode Island 
expedition, 717; safety of, 1957; 
seamen (crews), see Seamen; sec 
ond division of fleet for America, 
1416, 1421, 1433, 1437, 1441, 1442, 
1444, 1454, 1480, 1514, 1524, 1529, 
1530, 1555; ships of the line, 
1337, 1920; signals; 1267, 1269, 
1981, 1982; spirit, 1869; stay on 
the coast, 1965 ; strength, 684, 1269, 
1406, 1452, 1665, 1725; superior 
ity at sea, 1766; supplies and pro 
visions, 715, 720, 750, 752, 1394, 
1395-1396, 1398, 1406, 1645, 1646, 
1691; transports, 1412, 1687, 1773, 
1791, 1882, 1890, 1904, 1931, 1950; 
to transport allied armies, 1964 ; 
troops on, 697; use against New 
York, 1778, see also under move 
ments ; victories and successes, 1111, 
1406, 1524, 1727, 1737, see also under 
encounters, etc. ; Washington s sug 
gestions, 691, 1759; water supply, 
702, 704; winter quarters, 1532. 
See also Barras; Estaing; France, 
under cooperation and expeditions; 
Grasse and other naval commanders. 

Navy, Pennsylvania, 429, 436, 461, 471, 
473, 481, 532, 540; prisoners, 2291; 
see also Hazelwood, John. 

Navy, Spanish, 2116; defeated, 1462; 
encounter, 1398; junction with 
French, 1846; movements, 1384, 
1430, 1799 ; pilots, 772 ; position, 747, 
1166, 1737. 

Neal, Joseph, Private, Rawling s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 1052. 

Negroes (slaves), 159, 714, 1164, 1380, 
1899 ; abducted, 941 ; British collect, 
1597; from Canada, 2294; captured, 
1976; carried away by the British, 
2386, 2387, 2389, 2397, 2399, 2404, 
2405, 2406, 2407, 2419 ; claimed, 2030, 
2331, 2332 ; drafted in Virginia, 481 ; 
emancipation, 2367; enlistment, 216, 



Negroes Continued. 
2073, 2320, 2332; free, 2369; guard 
for, 1978 ; ruulattoes, 481 ; objections 
to, 1372 ; article in provisional treaty 
respecting, 2364 ; punishment of, 
592; recovery, 2320; recovery from 
British, 1976, 1978; runaway, 2383; 
servants, 2156, 2205, 2247, 2332, 2333, 
2334, 2336; with smallpox sent out 
from Yorktown by British, 1951; 
sold, 2185, 2369; troops (regiments), 
518, 1369, 2025, 2055, 2145, 2169; 
British regiments, 151, 1740, 1765, 
2082. 

Neil, Elizabeth, Widoiv, Maj. Daniel 
Neil, Letter from, 257. Letter to, 
605. 

Neill, Henry, Col., Delaware militia, 
Letter to, 1566. Regiment, 1566. 

Neilly, Benjamin, Lt., 8th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, Letter from, 1797. 

Neilson (Nelson), John, Col., New Jer 
sey militia; deputy quartermaster 
general of New Jersey, 258, 261, 
1785. Letters from, 669, 673, 1039, 
1049, 1051, 1688, 1760. Letters and 
orders to, 668, 1039, 1044, 1046, 1048, 
1055, 1672. 

Neilson, Thomas, Private, 57th Foot, 
British army, 364. 

NELLY, British merchant ship, 177. 

Nelson, Andrew, Sergt., 5th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 2142. 

Nelson, John, see Neilson. 

Nelson, Thomas, jr., Capt., 1st Vir 
ginia regiment; brig, gen., Virginia 
militia; governor of Virginia, 1997, 
2025, 2026 ; appointed brigadier gen 
eral, 403; patriotism, 1249; presents 
horse to Washington, 707, 710 ; resig 
nation, 391. Letters from, 391, 412, 
415, 445, 481, 611, 616, 675, 707, 907, 
939. Letters to, 410, 425, 462, 497, 
691, 710, 1770. 

Nelson, William, Lt. col., 7th Virginia 
regiment, 262. Letter from, 437. 

Nelson, , 2330. 

Nelson s ferry (South Carolina), 1829. 

Nesbitt, Robert, Supt., magazines, War 
wick, New York, Letter from, 1798. 

Neshaminy Camp (Pennsylvania), 393. 



1779 1780 1781 

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2702 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Neshaniiny Creek or River (Pennsyl 
vania), 218, 1937. 

Neste, Abraham Van, jr., of Middle- 
brook, New Jersey, 953. 

Neufville, John de, Amsterdam mer 
chant, 2382. Letters from, 2340, 
2427. Letter to, 2381. 

Neufville, John de, & Son, Amsterdam 
merchants, send letter press-copying 
machine to Washington, 2051. 

Neuman, Joshua, see Newman. 

Neutral ground, during exchange nego 
tiations, 2063. 

Neutrality, 592. 

Nevers, Phineas, of Nova Scotia, Let 
ter from, 878. 

Neville, John, Col., 4th Virginia regi 
ment, 886; regiment, 1092. 

Neville, Presley, Lt. col., brigade in 
spector, introduced to Washington, 
1721. 

Nevin, Daniel, see Niven. 

New Bedford (Massachusetts), 731, 
734. 

NEW BLESSING, British cartel ship, 
2003, 2014. 

NEW BBOOM, American privateer, 821. 

New Brunswick (New Jersey), see 
Brunswick. 

New Castle (Delaware), 456, 658, 1778, 
2353. 

New England, 1667 ; beef, 1887 ; bounty, 
79, 239, 244, 245, 247, 251; British 
operations against, 533; calumnies 
of Schuyler, 381 ; cattle from, 1820 ; 
clothing from, 459, 1667; coast, 279, 
1431; conditions in, 1793; conduct 
of, 392; circular letter to governors, 
1785; disposition to afford aid, 540, 
1863 ; enlistments, see under troops ; 
equality ideas, 33 ; Indian friend 
ship for, 71; money from, 1667; 
Morris notes unnegotiable in, 2096; 
objections to Reed, 268; officers, see 
under troops; provision supplies in, 
520, 522; malevolence of, 383; sea 
port towns, 1391 ; selfishness of, 308 ; 
teams from, 2096 ; 

troops, bread, 1031; bounty, see 
under bounty ; called for, 461 ; con- 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER.-. _ 1-60 



New England Continued. 

tinuaiice in the service, 227; de 
sertions, 749, 836; discipline, 243; 
dispute with Jersey troops, 1786- 
1787; enlistments, 78, 258; impa 
tience for discharge, 47; militia, 
153, 160, 383 ; movements, 270, 338 ; 
officers, 816, 1933; quota, 244; re 
cruits, 1413; refuse to march to 
army, 1432; 

towns, 2096. See also States, East 
ern. 

New Hampshire, 299, 1030; applica 
tions to, 1354, 1821 ; assistance from, 
2160 ; assurances from, 1845 ; British 
in, 1586; cattle, 1423, 1603, 1799, 
1815 ; committee of safety certificate, 
19 ; claim to powder, 136 ; crop, 990 ; 
delinquency, 628; effect of Washing 
ton s letters on, 2077 ; frontier, 1704, 
1841; inability to pay Stark, 2240; 

inhabitants, British oath of al 
legiance forced on, 2200; deter 
mination, 1398; fears, 1827; me 
morial, 1841; sacrifices and exer 
tions, 1704; see also Connecticut 
River, inhabitants; 
lands seized by Vermont, 2012; leg 
islature (General Assembly), acts, 
1873, 2065, 2077; legislature s rais 
ing of troops, 1018, 1777; loan of 
powder, 141 ; protection, 1841 ; situa 
tion in, 1586; spirit of, 2077; sup 
plies, 1383, 1611, 1785, 1873; taxes 
paid with supplies, 2241 ; 

troops, 4, 10, 60, 1018, 1022, 

1030, 1213, 1228, 1462, 1777, 1873, 
2244; accounts, 733; clothing, 

1031, 2000, 2011, 2072, 2324, 2326; 
desertions from, 1488, 2316; dis 
charged, 1624; furloughs, 2406; 
levies, 1381, 1624, 1873; line, 923, 
1041, 1608, 1829, 1835, 2027, 2072; 
militia, 258, 351, 368, 369, 370, 
373, 394, 464, 1383, 1417, 1433. 
1435, 1438, 1451, 1586, 1871, see 
also Gilmau, Nicholas, and Nichols, 
Moses, also Tash, Thomas; move 
ments, 348, 1291, 1292, 1383, 1398, 
1417, 1433, 1435, 1438, 1829, 1873, 
2264, 2269, 2272 ; needed, 345, 360 ; 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2703 



New Hampshire Continued. 

officers, 937, 1041; accounts, 
732, 733; arrangement, 923, 937, 
1041 ; letter to brigadier generals 
of militia, 369; letters to com 
manding officers, 1433, 2027; com 
missions, 1043; commutation of 
pay, 2381 ; despatches for, 2020 ; 

position, 1451, 1608, 2004; pro 
visions, 1417, 1432; quota, 2065, 
2077, 2240-2241; ranger compa 
nies, 848, see also Whitcomb, Ben 
jamin ; recruiting officers in, 2077 ; 
recruits, recruiting, raising, etc., 
1018, 1381, 1398, 1423, 1424, 1704, 
1777, 1815, 1835, 1871, 1873, 2065, 
2077 ; 

regiments, 1253, 2042, 2406; 
First, 1009, 1016, 1021, 2081, 2114, 
2324, see also Cilley, Joseph. Sec 
ond, 780, 2130, sec also Poor, 
Enoch, and Reid, George. Third, 
see Scammell, Alexander; rendez 
vous, 1383; returns, 1253, 1451, 
2032, 2042, 2260; tents for, 1852; 
winter quarters, 1992; 
wheat supply, 1479. 
New Hampshire grants, see Vermont. 
New Haven (Connecticut), 309, 315, 
1079, 1608, 1659; British raid, 1069, 
1071 ; burned, 1129 ; inhabitants mur 
dered, 1095, 1097; loyalists, 1489. 
New Ipswich (New Hampshire), com 
mittee of inspection, 18. 
New Jersey, 226, 267, 307, 1192, 1308, 
1705, 2394, 2395 ; accounts, 1279 ; aid 
requested from, 85; alarmed, 488; 
ammunition needed, 1854; army in, 
205, 226, 629, 1174 ; beef, 1207, 2395 ; 
British in, 205, 210, 211, 271, 327, 
331, 333, 344, 348, 377, 416, 418, 
419, 611, 625, 646, 651, 666, 754, 
771, 773, 774, 778, 780, 993, 1357, 
1358, 1363, 1367, 1680, 1972; de 
signs and preparations, 203, 1171, 
1351, 1369; efforts and offers to 
Jersey mutineers, 1695, 1697; 
evacuation, 315, 355; general of 
ficers in, 419; movements, ad 
vances, retreats, marches, etc., 205, 
321, 328, 344, 419, 420, 421, 475, 



New Jersey Continued. 

477, 479, 480, 501, 557, 582, 611, 
625, 626, 630, 633, 635, 638, 639, 
642, 643, 646, 649, 650, 651, 652, 
653, 658, 659, 664, 682, 744, 746, 
752, 753, 754, 757, 758, 768, 769, 
771, 777, 780, 783, 785, 787, 789, 
790, 820, 850, 946, 991, 993, 1164, 
1165, 1175, 1251, 1357, 1358, 1359, 
1360, 1368, 1624, 1663, 1680, 1682. 
1694, 1695, 1697, 1699; opposition 
to, 417, 420 ; raids, ravages, forays, 
etc., 587, 744, 746, 788, 820, 901, 
927, 13*58, 1359; strength in, 1357; 
supplies for, 420, 484, 1678 ; wagons, 
649; 

campaign in, 236; cattle, 245, 577, 
1220, 1338, 1410, 1525; civil author 
ity, 751, 1257, 1270, 2356; clothing, 
1178; 

coast, 136, 529, 683, 1032, 1410; 
guard, 140, 171, 1039; map, 141; 
posts, 1365; 

commissaries, 1456; communication 
with, 145; conditions in, 224, 778; 
convoy from, 1919; counties, 1279; 
cruelties in, 2229; defense of. 139, 
561, delegates to Congress, 2265; 
disaster in, 767; East Jersey, 222, 
245, 454; election, 461; fails to pro 
vide for her troops, 1318; forage, 
707, 1032, 1174, 1260, 1261 ; foraging 
expedition, 553 ; flour, 498, 811, 1174, 
1392; governor, 447, 454, 531, 1360, 
see also Livingston, William; grain 
in, 730, 1220; guard of river cross 
ings, 1616; hay, 548, 549; harvest, 
682; horses, 245, 676, 1898; hospi 
tals, 484; impress and seizures in, 
1217, 1219, 1223, 1226, 1324, 1425, 
1898; 

inhabitants, applications, 676; 
captured by refugees, 1390; com 
plaint, 1563; distress, 357, 787, 
1564; feelings, spirits, etc., 222, 
573, 657, 1227, 1228, 1508, 1705, 
1756; feelings against loyalists, 
2194, 2213; furnish provisions to 
enemy, 2268, 2272 ; join the enemy, 
2191; plundered, 1484; protection 
of, 1623; provisions seized, 1214; 



1779 1780 1781 

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2704 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



New Jersey Continued. 

refuse credit, 1215; refuse to fur 
nish pasturage or hay, 1395; re 
fuse to transport provisions, 1247, 
1248 ; searched, 1670 ; tire of wait 
ing for pay for forage furnished, 
1241 ; trade with enemy, 587 ; will 
ingness and efforts to furnish sup 
plies, 1228, 1230, 1236; 
intelligence from, 433, 1681 ; 

legislature, 552, 1262; acts, re 
solves, laws, etc., 552, 570, 1012, 
1279, 1282, 1324, 1356, 1650, 1669, 
1684, 2285; authorizes Washing 
ton to sign provision certificates, 
1654; establishment of, 2191; in 
dolence and slowness, 461, 1012, 
1029; memorials and remon 
strance to, 979, 1006, 1007, 1012; 
Assembly, 436, 461, 1298, 1338; 
Council, 447, 454, 531, 573, 584, 
651, 1360; 

lethargy in, 226; loyalists, 140, 221, 
559, 587, 1694, 2191; loyalists cru 
elly treated, 2213; magazines, 617, 
1816; magistrates, 1033, 1218, 1224, 
1225, 1229, 1237, 1240, 1273, 1307; 
martial law in, 600; meadows 
flooded, 452; merchants, 1338; mili 
tary movements in, 1360; mills, 
1266; post in, 619; protection of, 
143, 220, 221, 326, 495, 559, 560, 675, 
677, 761, 885, 1201, 1311, 1563, 1616, 
1623; provision contract in, 2276; 
provisions collected from, 233; price 
regulation in, 570 ; quota of supplies, 
1279 ; roads, 681, 1107 ; resources of, 
574; route through, 370; salt from, 
1801 ; seizures, 1214, 1298, 1324 ; sig 
nals, 1274; success in, 229; sup 
plies, 1262, 1279, 1795 ; 

troops, 139, 155, 1318, 1655, 1656, 
1670; arrangement, 914, 922, 1655, 
1708; bounty, 1282, 1895; brigade, 
817, 908, 922, 1623, 1624, 1636, 
1645, 1708, 1715, 1814, 1888, 1893, 
1895, 2065, 2171, 2207, see also 
Dayton, Elias ; cavalry, see under 
militia; clothing, 817, 908, 1608, 
1610, 1613, 1670, 1888, 2013, 2072; 
command, 1184; deserters, 979, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



New Jersey Continued. 

1343, 2329; discharged, 1727; dis 
pute with New England troops, 
1786-1787; drafts, 624; effect of 
Pennsylvania line discharges on, 
1684; enlistments, 210, 504, 1699, 
1705 ; feeling toward Pennsylvania 
mutiny, 1665, 1668; levies, 1384, 
1919; light companies, 1623; 

line, 1610, 1623, 1668, 1669, 
1684, 1694, 1708, 1728, 1779, 1835, 
1925, 2072, 2369, 2382, 2410; ar 
rangement, 1655; condition, 2060, 
2116; conduct since the mutiny, 
1708; difficulties in, 1694, 1697, 
1709, 1727 ; rank disputes, 924 ; re 
duction of, 2329; 

militia, 259, 419, 436, 439, 442, 
465, 479, 481, 484, 497, 658, 662, 
1362, 1447, 1705, 1741, 1906; aid 
from, 506 ; alarm posts, 1350 ; am 
munition, 431, 587 ; arms, 431 ; as 
sembling, collecting, gathering, 
etc., 393, 670, 778, 788, 1017, 1438, 
1447, 1663, 1665, 1902, see also un 
der called out; attitude of, 454: 
called out, ordered out, etc., 135, 
158, 168, 217, 439, 447, 448, 451, 
646, 650, 651, 654, 682, 778, 779, 
950, 952, 959, 1048, 1360, 1697, 
1908; capture a British schooner, 
791; cavalry, horse, mounted, etc., 
538, 1248, 1274, 1312, 1313, 1422; 
classed, 433, 436; command, 1184; 
conduct, 788 ; continuance in serv 
ice, 672, 674; cooperation, 1049; 
difficulties with, 4 57, 672, 674, 776, 
1392; dismissed, 255, 672, 1681; 
dispersed from want of provisions, 
1905; expiration of enlistments, 
504 ; feeling among, 672, 674, 1668 ; 
guarding coast, 140; junction with 
army, 423; movements, 393, 433, 
434, 451, 460, 489, 1905; mutiny, 
see under mutineers and mutiny 
infra; needed, 1429; officers, 433, 
732, 1282, 1350, 1433; oppo 
sition to British, 567, 659, 660, 
661 ; orders to, 557, 785, 1430 ; po 
sition, 399, 557, 660, 663, 1676, 
1908; preparation of, 645; reen- 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2705 



New Jersey Continued. 

f orcements, 504 ; rendezvous, 1350 ; 
retained in service, 1350; return 
home, 776, 780; returns, 1906; sig 
nals, 1048, 1051, 1275; in a skir 
mish, 567; spirit of, 357, 1384; 
strength, 658, 660, 1382; wagoners 
from, 1468. See also Dickinson, 
Philemon; Duycliinck, John ; Ellis, 
Joseph; Fonnan, David; Goet- 
schius, John Mauritius; Seely, 
Silvanus ; 

needs, 1SS8; movements, 211, 
1433, 1665, 1670, 1684, 1709, 1715, 
1888, 1025, 2207 ; 

mutineers, action taken against, 
1688, 1693, 1720 ; British offers to, 
1695, 1697 ; drunken state of, 1687 ; 
enlistment claims, 1699, 1705; 
feeling among, 1705 ; movements, 
1693; negotiations with, 1690, 
1691 ; pardon, 1689, 1690, 1691 ; re 
turn to duty, 1690 ; 

mutiny, 1688, 1690, 1691, 1693, 

1694, 1696, 1705, 1708; effect of, 
1689; renewed, 1695; situation, 
1693; suppression of, 1687, 1689, 
1693, 1695, 1697, 1698, 1702, 1705, 
1711, 1713; 

officers, 1038, 1045, 1710; cen 
sured, 1008; deranged, 2410; dis 
tress and sufferings, 1008, 2060; 
feelings, 1042; letters from, 1008, 
2058, 2369; letters and orders to, 
270, 732, 1433, 1623, 1624, 1694, 

1695, 1709, 2063; memorials, 979, 
1008, 1010, 1012; negligence of, 
2109 ; noncommissioned petition, 
2369; pay commutation, 2382, 
2410 ; rank, 1386, 2058 ; refuse pay 
master general s notes, 2060; re 
monstrance, 1006, 1007; resigna 
tion, 1006; 

pay, 979, 1668, 1669, 1684, 1815, 
2060, 2382, 2384; position, 1622, 
1636, 1709, 1988; quota, 1384, 1650, 
2265; recruits, recruiting, raising, 
etc., 1284, 1286, 1298, 1613, 1684, 
1709, 1792, 1814. 2265; reenforce- 
ments, 68 ; 

regiments, 914. First, 225, 1004, 



New Jersey Continued. 

1005, 1006, 1008, 2008, 2305, see 
also Barber, Francis, and For- 
man, Jonathan. Second, 276, 979, 
2058, 2063, 2321, see also Hart, 
William D., and Shreve, William. 
Third, 650, see also Barber, Fran 
cis, and Dayton, Elias. Eleventh, 
1038; 

returns, 276, 908, 1257, 1893, 

1895, 1919, 2008; stockings, 1670; 

uneasiness, 2060; volunteers, 490, 

1248 ; winter quarters, 1623, 1624 ; 

troops in, 203, 226, 261, 300, 344, 

487, 488, 497, 614, 629, 760, 762, 763, 

771, 830, 1360, 1693, 1706; wagons, 

245; wheat, 498; women, donate 

stockings to army, 1654, 1670, 1672, 

1688; women s subscription for 

soldiers, 1403. 

New London (Connecticut), 952, 963, 
1387, 1468, 1539, 2362, 2370; British 
burn, 1943, 1948 ; British conduct at, 
1950; British designs against, 92, 
737, 952, 960, 961, 964, 1052 ; British 
embarkation at, 957; British fleet 
off, 728, 752, 958, 1437, 1439, 1464, 
1466; British loss at, 1955; exposed 
condition of, 1080; express chain to, 
1427, 1431, 1620; fortifying, 94; pro 
tection of, 1077. 

New Milford (Connecticut), 781, 794, 
1061. 

New Providence (Bahama Islands), 
79, 91. 

New Rochelle (New York), 264. 

New Scotland (New York), 1793. 

New Windsor (New York), 373, 469, 
624, 1047, 1085, 1101, 1375, 1383, 
1461, 1510, 1764, 1777, 1840, 1899, 
1928, 2266, 2404; beef, 1812; letter 
from Committee, 187; communica 
tion with, 1723, 1828; flour from, 
1499, 1501; powder at, 137; roads 
from, 1123, 1378 ; troops sent to, 445. 

" New York," American spy, Letter 
from 2321. 

New York (State) 1707, 1856, 2053, 
2101; account with quartermaster 
department, 1883 ; agent for supplies. 



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2706 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



New York (State) Continued. 
1389, 1397, 1789, see also Agents, Con 
tinental; applied to for assistance, 
1474; cattle exportation. 1537; civil 
power, 1540; commissioners in the 
Highlands, 116, 117, 129, 130, see 
also Bedlow, William ; Lawrence, 
Jonathan; Livingston, Gilbert; Pal 
mer, Thomas; commissioners to 
Hartford convention, 1588 ; 

committee or council of safety, 
letter from, 363; letter to, 362; 
resolves, 211, 212, 213, 215; 
Continental agents, see Agents; 
crops, 1447; delegates to Congress, 
1530, 1565 ; depreciation in, 234 ; em 
bargo on flour, 1619; exertions of, 
392, 1321, 1332 ; exportation of cattle 
and wheat, 1537 ; farmers refuse to 
furnish teams, 1776; farmers refuse 
to give up public horses, 1351, 1357, 
1358; flour in, 809, 882, 1619, 1789; 
forage, 2172-2173; frontier, 3, 1209, 
1587, 1588; governor, 1176, 2314, 
2430, 2455 ; grain for public use, 982 ; 
impatient for settlement of West- 
Chester forage account, 2022; in 
ability to obtain money, 1568; 

inhabitants, apply for stock, 
1909; burdens of, 1480; captured 
by Indians, 2155-2156; desire ex 
change of prisoners, 1558; dis 
tressed condition, 1769, 1801; es 
corted to British lines, 700; feel 
ing against Massachusetts, 831; 
feeling against purchase of cer 
tificates, 1537; going into New 
York city, 709, 901, 1652, 2246, 
2250, 2313, 2319, 2368, 2383, 2384; 
plundered and outraged, 759, 782, 
1135, 1667; refusal to furnish 
teams, 1772; remonstrance, 1740; 
robberies committed by, 1906; 
send supplies to enemy, 1210; 
sympathy with loyalists, 1906; 
treatment of those residing within 
the British lines, 2433; 

judiciary, court of criminal law 
established, 2152; justices of the 
peace, 1772; supreme court judge 
trading with the enemy, 1637; 



1775 

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JANUARY-JUNE 1 

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New York (State) Continued, 
lands, 2012, 2053 ; 

laws, to benefit quartermaster 
department, 1519; for filling regi 
ments, 15S8 ; for forage, 844, 2172- 
2173; needed, 1303, 1511; prohib 
iting purchases of supplies, 1516; 
tax, 1588; 

legislature (Provincial Con 
gress, Convention), 19, 1243, 1303, 
1588, 2174, 2430; acts, laws, re 
solves, 290, 809, 828, 838, 1256, 
1519, 1565, 1761, 1777, 2006; ad 
journed to Esopus, 253; appeal to, 
1235, 1562, 1771; attitude of, 69, 
1589; letter from, 1565; letter to, 
2; meeting, 502; needs informa 
tion, 1629; secret expedition, 225; 
Assembly, 1, 2014, 2053 ; 

committee, 135, 247, 248, 271, 
526; 

council, 526; senate, 2053; 
loan to Schuyler, 234; lower coun 
ties, 1568, 2121; loyalists, 901, 1597, 
1652, see also New York city, loyalists; 
magistrates, 1298, 1335, 1764, 1778, 
2173; payment to, 1945; population, 
154; posts, 1; powder for, 1741; 
prejudice, 575; prisoners of the 
State, 703, 708; protection of, 221, 
797, 1568, 1926; provision contract 
in, 2276; purchase certificates, 1537; 
purchases in, 1568, 1600, 1789 ; quar 
termaster business in, 1440 ; quarter 
master department in, 1568 ; quota 
of supplies, 1389; resources, 872; 
supplies, 809, 1389, 1397, 1516, 1537, 
2053, 2121; taxes anticipated, 1568; 
tax laws, 1588; towns evade for 
warding salt meat, 1821 ; 

troops, 257, 1063, 2446; arms 
and accoutrements, 1629, 2273; 
arrangement, 922, 942, 953, 961, 
962, 995, 1015, 1320, 1644, 1682- 
1683, 2439; artillery, 94, 197, 
2353, 2427; beef, 2396; brigades, 
817, 1231, 1345, 1442, 1487, 1625, 
1948, 2206-2207, see also Clinton, 
James; clothing, 48, 817, 1282, 
1352, 1360, 1594, 1597, 1767, 2009, 
2013, 2072, 2176, 2187, 2233, 2235, 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2707 



New York (State) Continued. 

2439; dance, 2298; deserters, 1343, 
1352; discharge, 2396; dissatisfied, 
1359, 1360; distress, 1368; drafts, 
641; enlistments, 271, 1614; for 
mation, 1414; for frontier de 
fense, 1826, 1840, 1893, 2198, 2213 ; 
butting, 1623, 1625; levies, 155, 
238, 1009, 1013, 1614, 1826, 1894, 
1917, 2096, 2097, 2120, 2121, 2127, 
2141, 2296, 2300, 2352, 2396, see 
also Willett, Marinus; for light 
infantry, 1399, 1406, 1425; line 
922, 968, 995, 1015, 1282, 1320, 
1399, 1624, 1635, 1644, 1716, 2072, 
2091, 2120; 

militia, 131, 132, 212, 407, 966, 
1154, 1317, 1451, 1733, 1768, 1894, 
2044; arms issued to, 1629; at 
tempt on Morrisania, 1666, 1667; 
called out, 385, 851, 1177, 1881, 
1S82 ? 1983, 1995 ; capture deserters 
and claim reward, 1768; dance 
with loyalists, 2298; to defend 
frontier, 1893; delay, 693, 844, 
1309, 1575; discharged, 1190; dis 
gusted, 1425; gratuity to, 212; 
harassed, 1591; officers, 253, 1673; 
officers council, 1589; letter from 
officers, see Graham, John, and 
others ; prisoners, see Root, David ; 
raid, 2359; reenforcement, 1058; 
returns, 14 51 ; signals, 1881, 1882; 
spirit of, 1977 ; thanked, 212. See 
also Drake, Samuel; Humfrey, 
William; Pawling, Levi; Scott, 
John Morin; 

movements, 213, 313, 472, 1253, 
1345, 1487, 1570, 1574, 1600, 1606, 
1610, 1612, 1935, 1983, 1995, 2206- 
2207; mutiny, 1352, 1368, 1889, 
1893; 

officers, 101, 254, 708, 834, 980, 
1282, 1635, 1767, 1909, 2120; com 
mutation of pay, 2383 ; letter from 
officers, 834; militia, 1589, 1673; 
orders and letters to, 270, 1231, 
1606; petition, 708; supernu 
merary, 1644; 

pay, 271, 1360, 1764, 1767, 2383 ; 
position, 269, 817, 834, 1442, 1451, 



New York (State) Continued. 

1594, 1625, 1716, 1988, 2184, 2198, 
2213; provisions and subsistence, 
817, 1767, 2091, 2096, 2097, 2300; 
raids, 2359; raising, recruiting, 
etc., 155, 238, 1587, 1588, 1635, 
1644, 1771, 2009, 2014, 2053; rang 
ing companies, 841; reenforce- 
ments, 644, 1058; 

regiments, 163, 472, 1406, 1600, 
1612, 2013. First, 214, 962, 1253, 
1352, 1359, 1360, 1368, 1606, 1610, 
1682-1683, 1764, 1774, 1889, 1893, 
2340, see also McDougall, Alexan 
der, and Schaick, Goose Van. Sec 
ond, 110, 817, 942, 1570, 1682-1683, 
1889, 1891, 1935, see also Clinton, 
James, and Cortlandt, Philip Van. 
Third, 169, 708, 962, 1591, see also 
Gansevoort, Peter; also Ritzema, 
Rudolphus. Fourth, 109, 125, 
248, 254, 271, 313, 834, 953, 
1574, 1594, 1597, 1644, see also 
Livingston, Henry Beekrnan ; Nich 
olson, John ; Regnier, Pierre ; Wyn- 
koop, Cornelius D. ; Weissenfels, 
Frederick. Fifth, 961, 1606, 1610, 
see also Duboys, Lewis, also Wil 
lett, Marinus; 

returns, 197, 1451, 2260, 2427; 
shoes, 1360, 1917; signals, 1881, 
1882; spirits, 1977; strength, 248; 
supplies, 2120, 2121; three months 
men, 1587 ; three year troops, 2176 ; 
uneasiness, 1764; vacancies, 248; 
winter quarters, 1624, 1625, 2439; 
women and women and children, 
2091, 2353; 

upper counties, 2121 ; Vermont and, 
1575, 1887, 2006, 2012, 2053; wheat 
in, 809, 1537. 

New York (City) (York island), 43, 
47, 68, 75, 78, 89, 90, 108, 118, 120, 
122, 338, 387, 428, 471, 475, 502, 712, 
720, 729, 758, 759, 785, 827, 860, 866, 
885, 889, 893, 911, 1018, 1029, 1050, 
1108, 1117, 1118, 1126, 1127, 1128, 
1132, 1134, 1135, 1143, 1144, 1145, 
1151, 1152, 1153, 1155, 1171, 1172, 
1182, 1186, 1188, 1190, 1218, 1229, 
1248, 1250, 1272, 1273, 1281, 1288, 



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2708 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



New York (City) Continued. 
1295, 1296, 1299, 1313, 1364, 1386, 
1389, 1398, 1407, 1412, 1430, 1439, 
1514, 1541, 1545, 1548, 1557, 1591, 
1597, 1606, 1613, 1663, 1699, 1873, 
191, 1989, 1999, 2026, 2071, 2074, 
2107, 2131, 2163, 2177, 2183-2184, 
2199, 2208, 2215, 2225, 2246, 2256, 
2258, 2275, 2281, 2287, 2322, 2337, 
2339, 2345, 2346, 2366, 2370, 2376; 
alarm, anxiety, consternation, un 
easiness, etc., in, 374, 469, 473, 1236, 
1281, 1326, 1373, 1606, 1952, 2194, 
2248, see also under confusion ; army 
detachment first to enter, 2365 ; army 
moves to, 85, 86, 88, 150; army en 
ters, 2365; army pushed forward as 
British troops withdraw, 2431; 
army withdrawn from, 2460; ar 
rangements to take possession, 2366 ; 
arrests and imprisonments in, 1558, 
1569, 1606, 2208; attacks and at 
tempts on, movements and opera 
tions against, plans, etc., 232, 233, 
236, 244, 331, 416, 454, 455, 473, 
492, 576, 589, 594, 599, 675, 684, 686, 
694, 723, 724, 897, 998, 1029, 1038, 
1129, 1147, 1149, 1157, 1174, 1267, 
1268, 1343, 1348, 1382, 1397, 1398, 
1399, 1401, 1402, 1409, 1415, 1426, 
1427, 1434, 1435, 1447, 1455, 1470, 
1498, 1502, 1527, 1529, 1543, 1588, 
1618, 1619, 1620, 1627, 1657, 1658, 
1678, 1716, 1720, 1760, 1773, 1776, 
1778, 1783, 1786, 1796, 1839, 1840, 
1845, 1847, 1848, 1850, 1851, 1858, 
1862, 1874, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882, 
1888, 1894, 1897, 1901, 1905, 1907, 
1911, 1920, 1936, 1970, 1996, 2003, 
2014, 2102, 2174, 2175, 2283, 2328, 
2330; British attack on, 173, see 
also under cooperation against, 
French fleet s approach, etc., feint 
against, and siege; bread in, 679, 
682, 736 ; 

British in, 264, 281, 331, 380, 
396, 678, 821, 832, 850, 854, 865, 
866, 954, 995, 1030, 1098, 1106, 
1129, 1245, 1252, 1272, 1340, 1384, 
1438, 1732, 1840, 1879, 1955, 1962, 
1968, 2011, 2109, 2164, 2266, 2285; 

1775 
Tages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



New York (City) Continued. 

activity at, 1454, 1546; allied 
troops (foreign, German) in, 228, 
843, 850, 1940, 2020, 2199, 2225, 
2238, 2266, 2294, 2311, 2419; anxi 
ety at, 1395; artillery (cannon, 
ordnance, etc.), 869, 2147, 2148, 
2151, 2158. 2164, 2266, 2284, 2453, 
2460 ; baggage removed from north 
end of, 2148; barrack building, 
2044, 2248; carry American ne 
groes and property away from, 
2397, 2399, 2405, 2406, 2407 ; cloth 
ing ships from, 911; collecting 
negroes in, 1597 ; command in, 
644 ; communication between 
Staten Island, Paulus Hook and, 
1220; communication with the 
south, 1698; convoy from, 1769; 
Cork fleet arrives, 716, 721, 1025, 
1873, 2281; Cork fleet sails from, 
387; council of war at, 682; 
defense of, 1871; despatches, 
1338, 1756; effect of manoeuvers 
on, 1931; embargo, 2082, 2085: 
embarkations at, 308, 337, 352, 
359, 369, 579, 582, 584, 628, 
638, 748, 749, 752, 753, 756, 757, 
789, 790, 791, 793, 794, 796, 797, 
798, 800, 803, 804, 809, 810, 811, 
817, 824, 826, 830, 831, 834, 836, 
837, 839, 843, 844, 853, 859, 869, 
957, 985, 993, 994, 995, 996, 1000, 
1001, 1002, 1004, 1008, 1109, 1134, 
1137, 1139, 1140, 1148, 1157, 1159, 
1160, 1171, 1199, 1299, 1316, 1407, 
1412, 1418, 1425, 1448, 1462, 1522, 
1527, 1539, 1541, 1542, 1546, 1550, 
1558, 1566, 1567, 1580, 1581, 1591, 
1595, 1596, 1597, 1600, 1606, 1628, 
1637, 1638, 1642, 1644, 1646, 1651, 
1691, 1729, 1751, 1778, 1780, 1783, 
1784, 1787, 1788, 1790, 1791, 1802, 
1809, 1823, 1840, 1937, 1943, 1949, 
1950, 1968, 2077, 2097, 2107, 2122, 
2126, 2218, 2225, 2248, 2253, 2259, 
2276, 2280, 2296, 2299, 2301, 2371, 
2372, 2387, 2389, 2408, 2419, 2431, 
2441; evacuation, 682, 715, 716, 
721, 728, 731, 734, 739, 740, 742. 
743, , 51, 752, 755, 758, 761, 764. 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2709 



New York (City) Continued. 

7G7, 779, 789, 796, 799, 803, 810, 
816, 822, 823, 824, 827, 834, 839, 
845, 855, 863, 865, 871, 881, 892, 
927, 1173, 1176, 1300, 1486, 1555, 
1846, 1855, 1860, 2052, 2116, 2129, 
2137, 2213, 2215, 2235, 2236, 2255, 
2258, 2266, 2276, 2285, 2286, 2291, 
2292, 2300, 2303, 2307, 2363, 2365, 
2387, 2388, 2389, 2397, 2429, 2438, 
2439, 2441, 2442. 2443, 2444, 2445, 
2447, 2449, 2450, 2452, 2453; ex 
pect and fear attack, 1232, 1498, 
2160; feu dc joie in, 2120; fire 
wood and fuel, 1182, 1210, 2236; 
fishing parties, 2181, 2182; flag of 
truce from, 2150, 2211, 2310; for 
age, 762, 1200, 1236 ; 

fortifications, defenses, etc., 281, 
871, 1120, 1155, 1245, 1430, 1467, 
2014, 2097, 22S3, 2280, 2311; 

batteries, 1142, 1345, 1806, 1952, 
2266; description of, 1806; num 
ber 8, 2283 ; sketch of, 1421, 1599 ; 
strength, 1150, 1151; work on, 
806, 1102, 1159, 1176, 1232, 1327, 

1337, 2065, 2101, 2126; 
garrison, 824, 834, 837, 843, 850, 

855, 887, 1430, 1583, 2151, 2265, 
2363 ; guards, 1720, 2283, 2311 ; im 
portance of, 1914 ; impress in, 1149, 
1498, 1597, 1606, 1820, 2085, 2239; 
intentions and designs against, 
68, 141, 1590; magazines, 862; 
maps of, 1899 ; merchant ships, 
2079; merchant ships sail for 
Charleston, 1379, 1448; move 
ments of troops, 118, 334, 359, 
378, 417, 443, 452, 502, 522, 586, 
611, 681, 750, 800, 806, 845, 863, 
958, 993, 1032, 1063, 1074, 1084, 
1106, 1120, 1149, 1150, 1166, 1182, 

1338, 1429. 1434, 1535, 1568, 1600, 
1603, 1631, 1783, 1847, 1882, 1899, 
1911, 1947, 1959, 1975, 2010, 2062, 
2085, 2109, 2164, 2199, 2215, 2225, 
2226, 2238, 2294, 2321, 2360; 

navy, fleets, ships, etc., at, 391, 
643, 855, 860, 871, 1151, 1212, 1351, 
1385, 1394, 1796, 2130, 2199, 2205, 
2223, 2224, 2225, 2269, 2274, 2281, 



New York (City) Continued. 

2285; building vessels, 1875; con 
dition of fleet at, 1971, 2140 ; dam 
aged ships, 848; fireships, 1967; 
forage fleet, 748 ; guard ships, 
823; intelligence, 1895; list of 
British fleet, 1403; movements, 
165, 360, 375, 376, 377, 460, 
461, 463, 473, 553, 579, 589, 671, 
681, 704, 705, 715, 716, 717, 721, 
722, 732, 739, 745, 746, 748, 753, 
795, 797, 803, 804, 807, 808, 809, 
810, 824, 82S. 831, 832, 838, 844, 
845, 861, 862, 863, 868, 870, 895, 
897, 905, 956, 905, 972, 1004, 1005, 
1016, 1033, 1049, 1050, 1071, 1079, 
1101, 1119, 1120, 1128, 1151, 1166, 
1168, 1170, 1208, 1212, 1300, 1331, 
1337, 1353, 1366, 1367, 1373, 1400, 
1401, 1405, 1409, 1411, 1416, 1430, 
1432, 1480, 1522, 1533, 1557, 1568, 
1569, 1574, 1580, 1605, 1611, 1613, 
1625, 1650, 1652, 1657, 1659, 1660, 
1749, 1750, 1759, 1788, 1808, 1816, 
1818, 1821, 1825, 1833, 1834, 1850, 
1863, 1864, 1878-1879, 1903, 1908, 
1910, 1911, 1922, 1938, 1940, 1945, 
1949, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1975, 1977, 
1991, 2008, 2014, 2020, 2079, 2131, 
2135, 2190, 2195, 2210, 2221, 2222, 
2223, 2225, 2235, 2240, 2253, 2260, 
2261, 2265, 2267, 2269, 2275, 2277, 
2280, 2283, 2284, 2285, 2288, 2289, 
2290, 2307, 2312, 2321 ; position, 718, 
823, 1379, 2224, 2269; prepara 
tions, 364, 394, 872, 1205, 1596, 
1967, 2107, 2123, 2274, 2275, 2277 ; 
reenforcement, 727 ; repair work, 
767; seamen for, 1404, 1416, see 
also under impress; ships of the 
line, at, 1960; strength, 644, 684, 
804, 927, 1364, 1404, 1416, 1820, 
1882, 1960, 1970, 1971, 2030, 2199, 
2321 ; vessels unloading, 721 ; 
victualling ships arrive at, 747, 
2079. Sec also Navy, British; Ar- 
buthnot, Marriot; Digby, Robert; 
Graves, Samuel and other naval 
commanders ; 

officers movements, 741, 764, 
841, 958, 1367, 1369, 1373, 1441, 



1779 1780 1781 

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2710 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



New York (City) Continued. 

14SG, 1783, 1784, 1810, 1863, 1900, 
1910, 1975, 1979, 1997, 2101, 2115, 
2274, 2321; perplexity in, 1730; 
positions, 893, 921, 1014, 1808, 1888, 
1975, 2126, 2254, 2280, 2281, 2291, 
2311 ; posts, 1454, 1647, 1877, 1879, 
2283, 2450; preparations, 394, 759, 
786, 837, 945, 1025, 1031, 1316, 
1321, 1328, 1393, 1467, 1531, 1729, 
1813, 2052, 2088, 2147, 2161; pris 
oners sent to, 1836, 2030, 2035, 
2128, 2129, 2260, 2327, 2354, 2379, 
2380, 2412; prizes brought into, 
1026; provincials ordered to, 
2294; provision ships arrive at, 
1029; raise troops from inhabit 
ants, 1050; reenforcements, 419, 
429, 431, 447, 454, 521, 972, 1063, 
1309, 1555, 1888, 1896, 1908; re 
tention of, 789, 799, 858, 873, 1176, 
2092, 2439, 2442; review of army 
in, 2126; sick embarked at, 831; 
spies, 1794, 2214; stores embarked 
at, 736, 839, 1032; strength, 135, 
236, 321, 380, 381, 393, 394, 395, 
428, 432, 472, 520, 622, 628, 635, 
644, 777, 808, 825, 830, 849, 850, 
855, 862, 872, 895, 908, 921, 1023, 
1053, 1096, 1129, 1147, 1151, 1344, 
1355, 1357, 1379, 1700, 1774, 1775, 
1792, 1808, 1844, 1882, 1901, 1975, 
2019, 2047, 2160, 2238, 2254, 2257, 
2265, 2266, 2311; transports, 318, 
553, 739, 748, 764, 785, 871, 951, 
958, 961, 979, 1316, 1760, 1833, 
1863, 1878, 2043, 2097, 2115, 2276, 
2277, 2285, 2291, 2297, 2299, 2313, 
2439 ; scheme to burn British trans 
ports, 1238; removal of wounded 
to, 606, 1090, see also Army, 
British ; 

burning of, 181 ; cannonade from, 
1178; cartel ship sails to, 2010; cat 
tle sent into, 1341. 2275; cavalry 
volunteers, 130 ; chamber of com 
merce helps to obtain British sea 
men, 1402; civil power needs as 
sistance, 2431 ; commissioner for 
fulfillment of treaty to reside in, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE.- 1 

JULY-DECEMBEH 1-60 



New York (City) Continued. 
2377 ; command at, 79 ; committee of 
Congress requested to come to, 251 ; 
committee of safety, 112; con 
ference with committee of Con 
gress, 70; letter from, 67; letter 
to, 68 ; 

committee of town questions Carle- 
ton, 2137; committees, 2429; commu 
nication with, 1192; communication 
with Convention troops, 910; com 
munication with Staten and Long 
Islands, 1221 ; confusion, disorder, 
violences, etc., in, 1151, 1328, 1522, 
1740, 1750, 1955, 2191, 2217, 2277, 
2431; cooperation with French 
against, 1132, 1331, 1340, 1496, 1543, 
1713, 1878, sec also under attacks, 
attempts, etc., on and siege; defense 
and defense measures, 62, 63, 65, 68, 

75, 76, 81, 82, S3, 84, 85, 86, 89, 93, 
110, 143, 180, 184; distress in, 892, 
897; evacuation of, 186, see also 
under British in, evacuation ; effect 
of D Estaing s arrival, 1145; Euro 
pean packet arrives at, 2109, . 2262, 
2362; feeling in, 520; feint against, 
230, 231, 232, 237, 240, 457, 666, 670, 
1923, 2147, 2163; firewood for, 767, 
804, 825, 827, 828, 868, 1181, 1230; 
flag sent to, 1774; flag vessels for, 
1990; flour scarcity in, 719, 1330; 
forage in, 828; fortifications, 67, 75, 

76, 78, 85, 87, 117; French army s 
march toward, 2195, 2199; French 
consul at, 2370; French fleet s ap 
proach, demonstration against, etc., 
691, 715, 1346, 1393, 1778, 1858, 2306 ; 
gossip in, 223, 2065 ; handbills among 
troops at, 2; horses sold at, 843; 
continental hospital at, 90, 898; im 
portance of, 47 ; impress of citizens 
by British, 338, 352, 682, 736, 1366, 
1402, 2077 ; 

inhabitants, 709, 810; arming, 
1373; arrested, 2208; British 
troops raised from, 1050; coming 
out from, 851, 1609, 2069, 2156, 
2212, 2250, 2304 ; defection among, 
278, see also tinder loyalists; de- 

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2711 



New York (City) Continued. 

terred from aiding American pris 
oners in, 1649 ; furnish enemy with 
provisions, 1124; used as guards, 
1151; meeting, 862; officers in 
debtedness to, 2058; patriotism of, 
68; petitions on losses sustained 
from army, 722; privations of, 
692; protection of, 508; propor 
tion attached to American cause, 
831; refuse to do military duty, 
2225; watchfulness of, 1095; 
intelligence, news, reports, etc., from, 
223, 226, 242, 252, 281, 331, 363, 369, 
394, 502, 522, 617, 622, 638, 680, 748, 
754, 755, 824, 831, 832, 836, 837, 839, 
850, 854, 857, 861, 876, 951, 957, 1027, 
1040, 1152, 1198, 1199, 1211, 1245. 
1248, 1250, 1258, 1289, 1327, 1349, 
1355, 1365, 1393, 1395, 1403, 1428, 
1461, 1482, 1526, 1534, 1552, 1555, 
1582, 1647, 1652, 1708, 1756, 1760, 
1785; information carried out of, 
1785, 1808, 1813, 1837, 1844, 1887, 
1910, 1927, 1971, 1985. 2006, 2033, 
2082, 2115, 2195, 2203, 2206, 2211, 
2216, 2235, 2237, 2239, 2265, 2267, 
2269, 2273, 2280, 2281, 2283, 2285, 
2299, 2311, 2362, 2419; intelligence 
suppressed in, 227, 228; intercourse 
with, 874, 877, 884, 902, 1765 ; letters 
to and from, 1514, 2141, 2216, 2233, 
2244, 2250 2259, 2260, 2322; linen 
sent out from, 1210; live stock sent 
into, 882, 1597 ; 

loyalists, 2266, 2311, 2443 ; arms, 
1565; distressed, 883, 888; em 
barkation, 837, 850, 2085, 2307, 
2308, 2372, 2377, 2419 ; feelings of, 
confusion among, distracted, etc., 
831, 1050, 2191, 2194, 2217; garri 
son duty, 800, 2239 ; meeting, 756 ; 
meeting or departure of peace 
commissioners, 855; militia, 828, 
1565, 1955, 2239; militia brought 
from Charleston to, 2248, see also 
under Army, British, Provincial 
troops and Loyalists; mobbing of, 
2426; prisoners, 138; seized, 71, 
110; teams, 2363; 



New York (City) Continued, 
maps or plans, 1899, 2283 ; 

merchandise, seized, 834; sent 
out of, 1190, 1207, 2219-2220, 2234, 
2361, 2362 ; shipped, 822 ; sold, 736, 
746, 834 ; smuggled, 2289 ; 

merchants, 455, 812, 834; in 
quire as to evacuation, 855 ; meet 
ing, 682 ; ships, 1379, 1448, 2079 ; 
navigation leading to, 1390; negroes 
carried off by British, 2405, 2406, 
2407; runaway negroes in, 2383; 
newspapers, 890, 979, 1682, 2230, 
2234, 2316, 2429 ; operations against 
see under attacks, attempts, etc. ; 
order in, 2454; passports, applica 
tions, permits, requests, etc., to en 
ter or come out of, 921, 992, 1089, 
1120, 1203, 1250, 1251, 1258, 1266, 
1314, 1316, 1326, 1327, 1328, 1332, 
1335, 1336, 1337, 1346, 1399, 1447, 
1454, 1460, 1482, 1538, 1586, 1867, 
2018, 2028, 2044, 2052, 2128, 2137, 
2138, 2146, 2184, 2193, 2206, 2210, 
2212, 2217, 2220, 2242, 2245, 2259, 
2260, 2269, 2278, 2293, 2321, 2332, 
2336, 2342, 2343, 2350, 2356, 2360, 
2361, 2366, 2367, 2370, 2372, 2376, 
2377, 2379, 2390, 2401, 2408, 2412, 
2416, 2439, 2442; British passports 
to enter, 2310; British requests to 
enter, 2263, 2266; British refuse re 
quests to enter, 2216 ; peace talk 
from, 2192 ; plot to plunder on with 
drawal of British, 2424, 2426, 2452, 
2453 ; preparations in, 621 ; prices in, 
736, 831, 834, 911; prison ships at, 
American prisoners in, 211, 252, 
638, 696, 896, 948, 959, 980, 1241, 
1418, 1482, 2139, 2291, 2340 ; agent, 
1602, 1630, 1634, 1641, 1664, 1692, 
521, see also " JERSEY " ; 
1703; aided, 1830, 1831; distress 
of, 905, 1645; naval, 2057, 2185, 
2296 ; officer refused permission to 
visit, 1703; paroled sea captains 
sent out from, 2185; relief of, 
2057 ; removal, 1491, 1544 ; sent to 
and received from, 680, 824, 918, 
1645, 1837, 2002, 2254, 2275, 2327 ; 
in the sugar house, 2143-2144; 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



New York (City) Continued. 

treatment of, 525; British and 
loyalist prisoners in, 138; British 
prisoners refused admission to, 
824, 896; French naval prisoners 
from, 2369; 

protection of, 61 ; provisions in or 
sent into, 860, 877, 1165, 1230, 1256, 
1597, 1634, 2359 ; purchases in, 2245 ; 
reconnoissance of, 2283 ; retreat 
from, 188, 196; rum sold in, 825, 
827, 828; salt meat sent to, 1321; 
seizure of bills of exchange going 
into, 2387; seizure of goods, 834; 
seizure of wheat and flour, 838; 
ship yard and other points retained 
by British, 2450, 2452; 

siege of, 1400, 1410, 1850, 1868, 
1872, 2023, 2081, 2091, 2096, 2333; 
disapproved by French ministry, 
1780; opinions of general officers 
on siege of, 2091, 2098, 2108, 2110, 
2111; 

situation, conditions, etc., at 73, 150. 
206, 239, 469, 679, 687, 724, 1132, 
1171, 1203, 2301; skirmish on 
York island, 199; goods smuggled 
into, 2289 ; spies in, 1029, 1570, 1583, 
1751, 1837, 1879, 1887, 2074, 2199, 
2253, 2277, 2283; sugar house, 1244, 
2118, 2143-2144; tobacco sent to, 
2003; troops in. 1. 2, 3, 67, 68, 122; 
vendue in, 746; vessels permitted to 
pass to and from. 2378 ; vessels pro 
hibited passing, 2380; volunteer 
horse, 130; wagons sent to, 1379; 
water supply, 176; whigs arrested 
in, 1569. 

New York Bay or Harbor, British 
ships in, movements, arrivals, de 
partures, etc., 76, 374, 784, 812, 825, 
852, 865, 1208, 1355, 1366, 1373, 1379, 
1383, 1412, 1498, 1581, 1612, 1772, 
1786, 1902, 1905, 2133, 2266; can 
nonade in, 1777; channel observa 
tion, 1395; channel obstructed by 
British hulks. 1355. 1385, 1390, 1392, 
1467, 2199; depth of water, 1390; 
embargo on vessels in, 1783; French 
entry into, 702, 1159, 1414, 1905, 
1920; attempt on the lighthouse. 

1775 

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New York Bay or Harbor Continued. 
105; map of, 1814; the Narrows. 
825, 1208, 1355, 1467, 1498, 1612, 
2133; navigation, 1390; tides, 1390; 
watering place for ships, 823, 841, 

852, 865. 

Newark (New Jersey), 185, 880, 894. 
899, 999, 1116, 1201, 1223, 1227, 1228, 
1484, 2335; British at, 985; British 
surprise, 1236, 1239, 1240, 1241, 1257 ; 
guard at, 2033; hay at, 1580; in 
habitants trading with the enemy, 
2322 ; loyalist regiment at, 318 ; pro 
tection of, 1346; retreat from, 213; 
troops at, 797. 

Newark Bay (New Jersey), 1281, 1617. 

Newbern (North Carolina), 2093. 

Newbridge (Bergen county, New 
Jersey), 791, 1019, 1286, 1340. 

Newbridge (Westchester county, New 
York), 696, 757, 1923, 2141, 2142; 
command at, 2250 ; flags of truce at, 
2312. 

Newburgh (New York), 1050, 1130. 
1178, 1196, 1636, 1740, 1977, 1988. 
2084, 2118, 2227, 2242, 2261, 2264, 
2269, 2272, 2332, 2355, 2429; express 
to Boston, 2309; public buildings. 
2309, 2310, 2330, 2430, 2432; route 
from Valley Forge to, 653. 

Newburgh Addresses (The), 2407; 
anonymous calls for meeting of offi 
cers, 2354, 2356; general orders for 
meeting of officers, 2355, 2356; offi 
cers proceedings on, 2357 ; Washing 
ton s address on, 2357; Washington 
satisfied with proceedings of officers 
on, 2358-2359. 

Newbury (Massachusetts), 982,1781. 

Newbury (New Hampshire), 748, 851, 

853, 1479, 1733; committee, 67. 
Newburyport (Massachusetts), 65. 
Newcomb, Silas, Brig, gen., New 

Jersey militia, 451, 452, 461, 465. 

Letters from, 393, 401. Letters and 

orders to, 393, 434, 43*5, 438, 443. 
Newell, Timothy, Boston selectman, 80. 
Newfoundland, 1924; fisheries, 1133. 
Newhall, Ezra. Lt. col, 5th and 4th 

Massachusetts regiments 2333, 2390 ; 

answers to queries on Huddy case, 

1776 1777 1778 

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2713 



Newhall, Ezra Continued. 

2088. Letters from, 1281, 2151. Let 
ters to, 1292, 2335. 

Newland, Trevor, of Monmouth coun 
ty, New Jersey, 573. 

Newman (Neuman), Joshua, Loyalist, 
14G8, 1473, 1481. 

Newport (Delaware), 557. 

Newport (Rhode Island), 1355, 1577, 
1745, 1816, 2157, 2177; attempts on, 
247, 1157, 1454; British evacuation 
of, 1155; British fleet at and in vi 
cinity of, 219, 716, 744, 749, 752, 756, 
10G1, 1467, 1815; British intentions 
against, 1211; British troops at, 
233, 522 ; British transports at, 758 ; 
citizens address to Washington, 
1745-1746; expresses to 1538; en 
gagement of French and British 
fleets off, 711; firewood for, 767; 
fortifications, 95, 1412, 2106 ; French 
fleet at and movements near, 699, 
788, 1395, 1401, 1719, 1752, 1851, 
1855, 1856, 1859; French troops at, 
1418, 1576; militia at, 1869; protec 
tion of, 1412, 1802; records, 1186; 
relief, of, 723; siege, 723; Washing 
ton s visit to, 1716, 1717, 1719, 1731, 
1738, 1743. See also Rhode Island. 

News, see Intelligence. 

Newspapers, 891, 892, 979, 1751, 1816, 
2058, 2077, 2109, 2111, 2129, 2246, 
2336, 2339, 2359 ; abuse Washington, 
2316; account of Pennsylvania mu 
tiny negotiations, 1696; attitude, 
2429; criticism, 2413; desired for 
exchange, 890, 1392, 1402, 1874, 
2276 ; London, 1405, 1428, 2116 ; New 
York, 1682, 2230, 2234 ; Philadelphia 
publication of Washington s fare 
well orders, 2446. See also Riving- 
ton, James, and Royal Gazette. 

Newtown (Connecticut), 2299. 

Newtown (New Jersey), 1383. 

Newtown (Pennsylvania), 237, 261, 
537, 552, 592, 600, 642, 1141; letter 
to commanding officer at, 257. 

Newtown (New York), victory at, 1125, 

1127, 1131. 
Newtown Creek (Long Island), 876. 



Niagara, 45, 234, 906, 1178, 2230, 2371 ; 
advantage of possessing, 872 ; Amer 
ican occupation of, 2426; artillery 
needed at, 2424 ; British barracks at, 
2450; British fear attack, 865; Brit 
ish force at, 803, 1631; communica 
tion with, 2407 ; conditions at, 1563 ; 
country between settlements and, 
954; danger of destruction by In 
dians, 2450; despatches from, 2394; 
distance and route to, from Chemung, 
959; distances and routes to, 2065; 
epidemic at, 1352 ; expedition against, 
880, 905, 906, 1030, 1040, 1240; fort 
at, 2450; fortifications, 803; intelli 
gence and reports from, 2124, 2388; 
necessity of capturing, 1689; roads 
and routes, 959, 966, 2065, 2104, 2124 ; 
scout sent toward, 2161 ; stores and 
provisions, 2422 ; supplies from. 947 ; 
troops for, 2422, 2424. 

Nicholas, Samuel, Maj., Continental 
marines, 2049. 

Nicholl, Isaac, see Nicoll. 

Nichols, Francis, Maj., 9th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 963, 975, 985, 1076. 
Letters from, 351, 667. 

Nichols, Isaac, of Wilmington, Dela 
ware, 619, 634. 

Nichols, John, London printer, 2051. 

Nichols, Moses, Col., New Hampshire 
militia, 1522, 1533. Letters to, 1473, 
1475, 1501, 1506, 1518, 1524. 

Nichols, William, Capt., British packet 
"Eagle," Letter from, 612. 

Nicholson, George, of Virginia, 1993, 
2340. 

Nicholson, George C., Maj., 1st Cana 
dian regiment, 1385. 

Nicholson, James, Commodore, Con 
tinental navy, 1775. 

Nicholson, John, Col., J t th New York 
regiment, 124, 146. Letter from, 123. 
Regiment, 171, 177. 

Nicholson, John, 2308. Letter from, 
2310. 

Nicola, Lewis, Col., Invalid regiment, 
340, 598, 695, 698, 1585, 1615, 1872, 
1902, 1912, 1917, 2009, 2108, 2139, 
2199, 2264, 2380, 2395, 2417: assist 
ance to, 761; charges against, 1891, 



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Nicola, Lewis Continued. 
1900, 1902, 1915, 1918 ; conduct, 1909 ; 
confidential letter to Washington, 
2124, 2125, 2126, 2127, 2131; con 
troversy with medical department, 
1586, 1591, 1599 ; marches and move 
ments, 451, 1872, 1897; provision 
right, 2103 ; requests a courtmartial, 
1913; suggests Invalid regulations, 

2124. Letters from, 430, 461, 497, 
598, 1585, 1586, 1591, 1599, 1872, 
1897, 1902, 1913, 1921, 2108, 2124, 

2125, 2126, 2127, 2130, 2137, 2199, 
2214, 2235, 2275, 2276, 2277, 2287, 
2316, 2318, 2333, 2361, 2367, 2381, 
2443. Letters to, 426, 451, 461, 
462, 600, 644, 1150, 1158, 1246, 1584, 
1866, 1918, 2113, 2124, 2162, 2165, 
2203, 2232, 2238, 2273, 2317, 2335, 
2338, 2344, 2368, 2391, 2444. Corps, 
1897, 2124, 2137, 2287. See also In 
valid corps. 

Nicoll (Nicholl), Isaac, Col., New 
York militia, 98, 115, 116. Letters 
from, 93, 101, 182. Letters to, 97, 99. 

Nicoll, , Private, Knox s artillery, 

144. 

Ninety-six (South Carolina), bravery 
of troops at, 1865; British evacua 
tion, 1897; British sally at, 1849; 
losses at, 1865, 1866; reduction of, 
1906; returns of killed, etc., 1866; 
siege, 1828, 1860, 1865, 1866; 
stormed, 1865. 

Niven (Nevin), Daniel, Capt., Sappers 
and Miners; capt., Engineers, 1321, 
1323; qualifications for engineer 
corps, 1226. Letters from, 1710, 
1734. Letters to, 1636, 1688. 

Nixon, John, Col., 4th Continental in 
fantry; brig, gen., Continental army, 
80, 184, 185, 196, 203, 372, 694, 702, 
724, 740, 769, 796, 1091, 1097, 1163, 
1510; leave of absence, 820; forag 
ing expedition, 693 ; movements, 857, 
1089; negligence of, 376; opinion in 
council of war, 726, 803, 1099; posi 
tion, 1031, 1131; resignation, 1516, 
1517. Letters from, 373, 693, 726, 
803, 820, 827, 1001, 1089, 1092, 1093, 
1099, 1124, 1471, 1497, 1517. Letters 



1775 

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JANUARY-JUNE 1 

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Nixon, John Continued. 

and orders to, 176, 542, 694, 859, 926, 
1015, 1162. Brigade, 209, 350, 354, 
366, 376, 573, 857, 1031, 1078, 1172. 

Nixon, Thomas, Lt. col. and col., J^th 
Continental infantry; col., 6th Mas 
sachusetts regiment, 80 ; resignation, 
1255, 1256. Letters from, 1086, 1255. 
Letters to, 1078, 1107. 

N. M., see M. N. 

Noailles, Louis Marie, Vicomte de, 
Mestre de camp; It. col., command 
ant, Kings dragoons; col. en second, 
regiment Soissonnais, French army, 
1610, 1643. Letters from, 1644, 2005, 
2113, 2382. Letter to, 2257. 

Noarth, George, Lt. col. and deputy 
commissary general of musters, 300, 
688. 

Noble, Arthur, of Ireland, 2445. 

Noble, Oliver, Chaplain, llth and 12th 
Continental Infantry, 77. 

Nobles, in Canada, 2099. 

Noddles Island (Boston harbor), 9, 12. 

Noncommissioned officers, see Officers. 

Nook s Hill (near Boston), 82. 

Nooth, J. Mervin, S,upt.-gcnL, British 
hospital in North America, 2186. 

Norcross, William, Lt., 3d New Jersey 
regiment, 323. Letter from, 323. 
Letter to, 323. 

Norden, Tobias Van, Justice of the 
peace, Somerset county, New Jersey, 
939. 

Norfolk (Virginia), 1787. 

NORFOLK. Prize, 94. 

Norris, George, Capt., Flower s Ar 
tillery-artificer regiment, Letter 
from, 1485: 

Norris, James, Ma;., 3d New Hamp 
shire regiment, 1240. 

North, Caleb,, Lt. col., llth and 9th 
Pensylvania regiment, 545, 1104. 
Letters from, 646, 1238. Letters and 
instructions to, 902, 917, 1217. 

North, Frederick, Lord, Prime minister 
of Great Britain, 608. 

North, William, Maj., aide to Steuben, 
Draft by, 2260. 

North (Nothern, Northward, etc.), 
1756, 1933, 2004, 2320; artillery 

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2715 



North Continued, 
from and to, 356, 450, 453, 1870, 
2178, 2213; British advance from, 
1571; British in, 364; beef wanted 
in, 1777; blankets from, 459; bread 
sent, 428; cattle supply, 1888; com 
mand at, 390, 2007, 2018 ; flour from, 
1601 ; intelligence, news, reports, etc., 
from, 318, 416, 1588, 1591, 1603, 1906, 
1988, 2162; lead for, 1827; military 
operation toward, 873, 1657 ; position 
of troops in, 2264 ; powder for, 1827 ; 
provision scarcity in 1571 ; reenforce- 
ments, 348, 382, 385, 390, 1851, 1857 ; 
reenforcements from, 473, 575 ; shoes 
from, 459 ; situation in, 197, 198, 371, 
392, 402, 403, 1993; supplies and 
stores, 173, 873, 980, 1729, 1844, 1845, 
1870 ; troops from, 220, 452, 453, 480, 
576, 578, 584, 1888, 2273, 2378 ; troops 
in, 343, 1861, 1871, 2266, 2267 ; troops 
sent to, 150, 277, 354, 396, 856, 1363, 
1984, 2193, 2240, 1571, 2263, 2294, 
2377, 2392; French troops march, 
2141, 2163. See also Canada. 

North Castle (New York), 766, 1175, 
1434, 1449, 1500; command at, 1509, 
1520, 1560; march of French army 
to, 1882. 

North Carolina, sec Carolina, North. 

North Redoubt, sec Highlands, forti 
fications. 

North River, see Hudson River. 

Northampton (Massachusetts), 1651. 

Northampton county (Pennsylvania), 
impress in, 424 ; militia, 221, 224. 

Northern army, see Army, Continental, 
Northern. 

Northern department, see Army, Con 
tinental ; Northern department, In 
dian affairs, see Commissioners of 
Indian affairs. 

Northern frontier, see Frontier, Nor 
thern. 

Northern posts, see Posts. 

Northern States, see States, Northern. 

Northumberland county (Pennsyl 
vania), 964, 983; inhabitants peti 
tion, 1335. 

Northwestern frontiers, see Frontiers. 



Norton, Chapel, Lt. col., Coldstream 
guards, British army, 1209, 1256. 

Norton, Charles, 1272. 

Norton, Nathaniel, Lt., 4th New York 
regiment, Letter from, 834. 

Norton, Reuben Smith, of Connecticut, 
2122. 

Norton, , of Virginia, 1346. 

Norwalk (Connecticut), 739, 807; 
bravery of Continental troops at, 
1076; British burn, 1074, 1076, 1089, 
1129; British prisoners captured at, 
1076; British raid, 1074, 1076, 1079; 
civil authority, 793; conduct of mili 
tia, 1076; skirmish at, 305, 1076. 

Norwich (Connecticut), 83, 114, 183. 

Norwood, Edward, Capt., J f th Mary 
land regiment, 633 ; case of, 644, 777 ; 
charges against, 634; confidence In, 
773, 774; court-martialled, 730; re 
quest of Maryland officers respecting, 
730. Letter from, 634. Letter to, 
730. 

Notes (financial), forged, 2419; Mor 
ris , 2042, 2096, 2150, 2216, 2222, 2228, 
2229, 2419, 2429 ; for pay, 2402 ; pay 
masters , 2092, 2093, 2094; promis 
sory, 2038, 2046, 2048. 

Notlimah, Trebor, Letter from, 65. 

Nottingham (Pennsylvania), 409. 

Nourse, Joseph, Clerk and paymaster, 
Board of War; asst. auditor general, 
523. 

Nova Scotia, British force in, 1021, 
1363, 1425; British fortifications in, 
1425; British troops from, 1555; to 
be ceded to France, 745 ; committee, 
886; conditions in, 78, 896; conduct 
of, 879 ; formation of a council, etc., 
886; D Estaing s proclamation dis 
tributed in, 1021 ; expedition against, 
7, 58, 108; importance of, 745; In 
dians in, 1021, 2293 ; inhabitants dis 
qualified, 745; inhabitants feeling 
toward America, 78, 79, 896, 1420; 
inhabitants memorial to Congress, 
745, 878 ; intelligence from, 745, 845, 
862, 1020, 1420, 1425, 1547, 1555; 
justice in, 1021 ; land apportionment, 
879 ; loyalists go to, 2248, 2307 ; loy 
alists destroyed by Indians, 2293; 



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Nova Scotia Continued, 
map of, 1547; offers troops and to 
share expenses, 745; papers laid be 
fore Congress, 887 ; prosecution of 
American sympathizers hi, 1555; 
townships, 745 ; secret service in, 47 ; 
stores and supplies in, 169, 1021; 
union with United States, 879. 

Nukerk, John, Magistrate, Tryon 
county, New York, Letter from, 847. 

Number 8, see New York (City), Brit 
ish in, batteries. 

N. W., British spy, Letter from, 943. 

Nyack (New York), 1546, 1843. 

O. 

Oakley, Miles, of White Plains, New 
York, Petition from, 204. 

Oaks, , Captain, 569. 

Oakum, 119, 234, 1339, 1344, 1881, 1889. 

Oars, 1875, 1895, 2214. 

Oarsmen, see Boatmen. 

Oath, of allegiance, 250, 259, 490, 633, 
649, 988 ; to the British, 179, 769, 988, 
2160, 2200; British forced on the 
people, 2200 ; form, 886 ; to both king 
and Congress, 988 ; loyalists to take, 
679; objections to taking, 618; or 
dered taken, 239; refusals to take, 
252. 

Oaths of enlistments, 1683. 

Oats, see Grain. 

Obedience, see Discipline. 

Obryan, Patrick, Private, 3d? Pennsyl 
vania regiment in the light infantry, 
1182, 1192. 

Ochauaga (New York), see Anaquaga. 

Odell, Jonathan, Clergyman and phy 
sician, Burlington, New Jersey, 249. 

Offensive operations, 2120; British 
orders to stop, 2107. 

Officers, 1, 70, 101, 175, 220, 231, 233, 
248, 250, 253, 273, 285, 286, 291, 457, 
459, 525, 529, 540, 569. 577, 586, 597, 
629, 634, 651, 652, 693, 699, 705, 711, 
839, 852, 856, 857, 868, 894, 906, 939, 
963, 1004, 1006, 1007, 1010, 1016, 
1020, 1021, 1039, 1042, 1043, 1053, 
1058, 1064, 1134, 1140, 1182, 1202, 
1215, 1216, 1226, 1249, 1255, 1256, 
1265, 1280, 1299, 1306, 1308, 1309, 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-.TUXE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Officers Continued. 

1317, 1342, 1381, 1386, 1431, 1435, 
1438, 1456, 1468, 1469, 1501, 1503, 
1535, 1544, 1550, 1554, 1569, 1571, 
1589, 1592, 1597, 1613, 1615, 1634, 
1645, 1654, 1657, 1665, 1669, 1684, 
1685, 1687, 1714, 1745, 1767, 1770, 
1776, 1783, 1797, 1909, 1935, 1986, 
1989, 2006, 2020, 2025, 2032, 2033. 
2035, 2037, 2041, 2052, 2058, 2060, 

2080, 2081, 2120, 2134, 2139, 2146, 
2153, 2180, 2188, 2209, 2294, 2300, 
2309, 2318, 2323, 2328, 2336, 2345, 
2359, 2365, 2366, 2370, 2373, 2380. 
2383, 2384, 2385, 2396, 2402, 2405. 
2406, 2407, 240S, 2409, 2418, 2425, 
2426, 2443, 2446, 2455; leaves of ab 
sence, 2180, 2212, see also under 
furloughs; absent, 314, 552, 1141, 
1271, 2171; accounts, 303, 732, 733, 
752, 810, 1141, 1266, 2100; addition 
al, 2037; addresses from, 136, 2139, 
2140, 2143, 2356, 2401, 2402, 2451; 
see also memorials, petitions, etc., 
infra; anonymous addresses to, 2354, 
2356 ; agreement with contractors, 
2319 ; agreement on prices, 1066, 1067 ; 
allowance to, 1116 ; amenable to civil 
law, 1761 ; answers to queries in 
Huddy case, 2086, 2087, 2088, 2089; 
apologize, 528; appeal, 1452, ,2450; 
application, 1253 ; appointments, 4, 
20, 208, 241, 242, 243, 248, 251, 254, 
258, 262, 829, 864, 985, 1038, 1041, 
1136, 1202, 1352, 1612, 1924, 2077, 
2379, 2383, see also Appointments; 
arrangement, 63, 89, 485, 562, 648, 
655, 705, 747, 906, 921, 922. 923, 924, 
925, 926, 929, 931, 934, 935, 937, 943, 
971, 975, 976, 978, 979, 980, 987, 989, 
1036, 1041, 1058, 1098, 1232, 1303, 
1313, 1320, 1414, 1569, 1571, 1671, 
1683, 1702, 1714, 1719, 1940, 2044. 

2081, 2082, 2085, 2262, 2295, 2353. 
2359, 2399, 2409 see also Arrange 
ment; feeling against arrangement, 
2226, see also under deranged infra; 
arrests, 526, 782, 1015, 2110, 2413; 
assignment of, 839 ; attachment to 
Washington, 2425; attitude of, 644; 
authority to punish, 1081; badges, 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2717 



Officers Conti nned. 
1101; baggage, 1928; baggage wag 
ons, 2038, 2042; blankets, 1645; 
boards, see Boards of officers; bond 
with contractors, 2114; borrowed to 
facilitate .exchange, 1206; bounty 
lands, 1788, 1789; blankets, see 
Blankets; bravery,!, 722, 1083, 1084, 
1091; brevets, 2438; brigade, see 
Brigades ; bribery attempted, 1391 ; 
called to account, 296; careless 
ness, 781 ; carts, see under wag 
ons for infra; minor changes, 
2188; claimed as such by Brit 
ish for exchange purposes, 1277; 
malicious combine, 2183; Conven 
tion, sec under Convention troops 
and Officers, British; censured, 1008, 
2020; certificates of service, 2456, 
character, 783, 1338; charges, 2328, 
2336, 2400, 2402; charges against, 
250, 1744, 2318, 2399, 2402, 2413; 
civil, see Civil officers; claims, 208, 
1238; clamor for rum, 1494; cloth 
ing, 95, 523. 585, 747, 752, 786, 877, 
854, 964, 967, 1001, 1085, 1103, 1275, 
1279, 1280, 12S2, 1300, 1351, 1534, 
1541, 1581, 1585. 17X1, 1995, 2035, 
2037, 2046, 2048, 2058. 2092, 2093, 
2094, 2311; command assignments, 
2238 ; command right, 730, 731 ; com 
manding. 507, 582, 1304, 1305, 1313, 
1555, 1645, 1678, 2176, 2198, 2378; 
letters, instructions, and orders to 
commanding officers, 185, 224, 257, 
514, 516, 577, 579, 592, 1081, 1085, 
1166, 1231, 1433, 1468, 1532, 1550, 
1606, 1623, 1624. 1690. 1694, 1695, 
1699, 1709, 1865, 2012, 2027, 2309, 
2314, 2340, 2378, 2393, 2418 ; commis 
sions, see Commissions; committee, 
2116, 2117, 2209, 2211 ; committee of 
conference with Congress, 2335, 
2354, 2355, 2357; letter from com 
mittee, 2117, 2354; letter to commit 
tee, 2116, 2117; misapprehension of 
committee, 2400 ; committee s report, 
2090, 2354, 2355, 2357, 2397; com 
plaints, 127, 391, 516, 526, 685, 816, 
1120, 1135, 1753, 2074, 2103, 2108, 
2113, 2116, 2134, 2167, 2168. 2208, 



Officers Continued. 
2385, 2400; complaint against, 2236; 
condition, 1648, 1975, 2130, 2401, 
2443; conduct, 146, 151, 286, 310, 
314, 460, 483, 535, 536, 640, 781, 825, 
939, 948, 1241, 1264, 1670, 2033, 2201, 
2273 ; confidence in, 1140 ; confidence 
in Greene, 1691 ; continue in army, 
2407; and contract provisions, 2100, 
2103, 2108, 2113, 2134, 2135, 2139, 
2150, 2167, 2168, 2398, 2399, 2400; 
council of, see Council; countenance 
mutiny, 939; court-martial, see 
Courts-martial; credit, 1329; crimi 
nality, 825; criticise superior, 483; 
cruelty, 2386; debts while prisoners, 
1659; decision on order of march, 
498; delay in rejoining corps, 428; 
departmental, 1645; deranged, 581, 
587, 1337, 1456, 1585, 1589, 1651, 
1705, 1708, 1713, 1717, 1757, 1898, 
1926, 1997, 2029, 2106, 2162. 2208, 
2292, 2300, 2318, 2354, 2410, 2411; 
desiring to go to France, 852; de 
spatches for, 2020; detached from 
State lines, 1534 ; detail of, 2006 ; de 
tained, 1770; differences and dis 
putes, 581, 764, 1335; difficulties 
with, 640, 1534, 1297, 1657, 1772, 
2213; disabled, 1975, 1993, 2012; dis 
charged, 18, 205, 321, 797, 854, 977, 
1212, 2383, 2445, 2446, 2448, 2460; 
discharge certificate, 2032; discon 
tented and dissatisfied, 1391, 1452, 
2054, 2389; dismissal, 780; disquali 
fied for civil office, 1701 ; disregard 
orders, 279, 286; distress and suf 
fering 1008, 1275, 1300, 1476, 1651, 
1804, 1974, 1975, 1994, 2020, 2035, 
2060, 2134, 2174, 2311, 2354, 2401, 
2418, 2460; distress compared with 
civil employees, 2311 ; duties, 314, 
514, 926, 1201, 1235, 1428; employ 
ment, 1260; encouraged, 1159; enlist 
men of another State, 1687; escort 
inhabitants into New York, 709; 
excluded from pay and subsistence, 
1272, 1369, 1573; exertion needed. 
1267; experienced, 139; fail to at 
tend parade, 1264; feelings, 946, 
1008, 1042, 1119, 1448, 1739, 1743, 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 16-">8-1879 

1065-1213 1 383-1 65S 1879-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2100 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2718 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Officers Continued. 

2226, 2433; field. 95, 142, 143, 294, 
341, 397, 485, 490, 507, 519, 528, 647, 
740, 922, 939. 942, 953, 961, 962, 
1010, 1012, 1037, 1104, 1122, 1126, 
1235, 1275, 1350, 1391, 1450, 1469, 
1512, 1719, 1743, 1813, 2083, 2086, 
2087, 2088, 2089, 2103-2104, 2116, 
2124, 2134, 2145, 2166, 2170, 2295, 
2302, 2354, 2412; letters from 
field officers, 2117, 2134; letters to 
field officers, 1024, 2116, 2117; go 
with flag to enemy, 1503, 1774, 1781 ; 
forage, 1711, 2052, 2430; foreign, 
323, 612, 1644 ; impatience of troops 
under foreign, 152; separate com 
mands for foreign, 633; fuel allow 
ance, 2338; furloughs, 794, 903, 909, 
919, 1141, 1182, 1183, 1186, 1234, 
1280, 1492, 1648, 1704, 2336, 2390, 
2401, 2407, 2432, 2441, 2445; fusees 
for, 1015, 1027; gambling among, 
576; 

general, 23, 25, 60, 484, 485, 517, 
534, 1185, 1335, 1550 ; absent, 1271 ; 
advice, 453; answers to queries, 
451, 2143 ; answers to queries on 
the Huddy case, 2086, 2087, 2088, 
2089 ; board, see Board of general 
officers; circular to, 1054; com 
manding at daily exercise, 656; 
commands, 650; conference with 
committee of New York congress, 
135; correspondence with enemy, 
1550 ; firewood or fuel, 2173, 2338 ; 
memorials and petitions, 184, 517, 
1433, 1467, 1476, 1477, 1485, 1496; 
needed, 250, 474, 1185, 1233, 1277, 
2345 ; nomination for service, 2062 ; 
objections, 512; opinions, 320, 321, 
1382, 1510, 1589, 1901, 2093. 2111, 
2181; opinions desired, 493, 1910, 
2084, 2092 ; papers in Huddy mur 
der submitted to, 2196; letters to, 
448, 962, 1033, 2409; list, 308, 312; 
meeting, 694, 1092; 2354; opinion 
on attacking British, 507; pay, 
2036, 2037; promotion, 2036, 2037, 
2259 ; queries to, 23, 25, 602, 2086 ; 
report, 1860; representation from, 
483; resignation, 2313; restrained 



Officers Continued. 

from granting discharges and fur 
loughs, 1653; seizures by, 1713. 
See also Brigadier, Lieutenant, 
and Major general; 
gentlemen needed, 43 ; goods for, 322 ; 
grievances, 1541, 2100, 2354; grum 
bling of, 2292; horses for, 1075; at 
hospitals, 591; ignorance and ina 
bility, 1442, 1928 ; incorporation, 1101, 
2121; ideas on the war and the na 
tion, 2451; indebted to inhabitants, 
2058; induce soldiers to make pur 
chases out of expected pay, 2398 ; in 
formation given to, 1599; injuries 
suffered by, 1714, 2315, 2328, 2330, 
2397; inoculation, 163, 164; inspect 
British prison ships, 1936; inspec 
tion of, 2405, 2444; instruction, see 
under training infra; to investigate 
treatment of American prisoners, 
1692; jealousy, 1753; junior, 2079; 
keep money from British prisoners, 
1643; killed, 207, 305. 1490, 1801, 
1829 ; killed by mutineers, 1661 ; land 
grants to, 2436, 2437; letters from, 
569, 720, 826. 834, 973, 1084, 1485, 
1534, 1627, 1708, 1739, 1926, 1943, 
2117, 2134, 2138, 2166, 2356, 2385. 
2391, 2396, 2397, 2401, 2402. 2409, 
2425 ; letters, orders, and instructions 
to, 296, 511, 513, 538, 539, 1010, 1012, 
1024, 1165, 1299, 1341, 1469, 1569. 
1571, 1654, 1739, 1744, 1964, 2063, 
2116, 2117, 2134, 2143, 2191, 2308, 
2410 ; line, 536, 1094, 1974, 1975, 1989, 
2015, see also under the different 
States, troops; meet British spy, 
1582, 1592 ; to meet de Grasse, 1928 ; 
meetings, 734, 794, 1592, 1672, 2081, 
2103, 2104, 2120, 2124, 2134, 2145. 
2153, 2154, 2200, 2211, 2354, 2355, 
2356, 2358, 2359, 2398, 2399; memo 
rials, petitions, representations, re 
monstrances, etc., 4, 20, 142, 400, 408, 
517, 523, 525, 565, 589, 634, 708, 769, 
773, 774, 828, 829, 939, 948, 979, 
1006. 1007, 1008, 1012, 1042, 1105, 
1116, 1122, 1140, 1141, 1185, 1344 
1433, 1467, 1476, 1496, 1541, 1643, 
1644, 1697, 1708, 1721, 1723, 1757, 



JANUARY-JUNE 

JULY-DECEMBEK. _ 



1775 1776 

Pages Pages 

1 60-137 

1-60 137-229 



1777 1778 

Pages Pages 

229-354 515-675 

354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2719 



Officers Continued. 
1787, 1796, 1994, 1997, 2035, 2036, 
2049, 2209, 2211, 2311, 2318, 2323, 
2325, 2369, 23S5, 2389, 2404, 2407, 
2409, 2410, 2418, 2437, 2443, 2444, 
2450; see also addresses from 
supra; militia, 285, 286, 481, 526, 537, 
1438, 1494, 1501, 1509, 1544, 1589, 
1673, 1839, 2130, 2146, 2383 ; missing, 
890, 1490; mistake, 143; money, 792, 
1299, 1534, 1783, 2058, 2211, 2401, 
2436; murmur against orders, 817; 
names (lists), 18, 60, 293, 695, 894, 
1004, 1250, 1395, 1490, 1659, 1924, 
1940, 2080, 2410, 2458, 2460; naval, 
see under Navy, Continental; 
needed, 139, 144, 161, 261, 405, 497, 
783, 1000, 1021, 1063, 1185, 1231, 1306, 
1381, 1438, 1458, 1501, 1541, 1719, 
2015, 2052, 2054, 2189, 2208, 2359, 
2411, 2412; neglected, 2418; negli 
gence, 597, 786; on Newburgh ad 
dresses, 2357, 2358, 2359 ; nomination 
of, 236; 

noncommissioned, 786, 967, 1122, 
1204, 1231, 1269, 1396, 1658, 1687, 
1821, 2060, 2107, 2112, 2137, 2151, 
2246, 2247, 2369, 2373, 2374, 2382, 
2385, 2405; agitation among, 2112; 
complaints, 1135, 2385; desert, 
2151; enlistment terms, 1696; me 
morials and petitions, 1697, 2369, 
2389 ; pay, 2374 ; needed, 1231 ; re 
turns, 967, 2008, 2051 ; uneasiness, 
2112, 2374 ; 

number of, 272, 390, 1189, 2448 ; ob 
jections, 389, 1232, 1431, 1745, 2058; 
opinions, 321, 487, 490, 491, 492, 843, 
1001, 1899, 1926, 2083; passport au 
thority, 524 ; patience, 2024 ; 

pay, 22, 60, 95, 124, 128, 161, 162, 
278, 343, 400, 408, 602, 973, 979, 
1101, 1140, 1272, 1280, 1313, 1369, 
1391, 1496, 1534, 1573, 1581, 1607. 
1644, 1651, 1730, 1789, 1804, 1995, 
2037, 2038, 2153, 2209, 2211, 2311, 
2336, 2374, 2378, 2401, 2432, 2459, 
2460; advance, 2038; arrears, 
1509; for carrying despatches, 
2408; commutation of pay, 2370, 
2372, 2373, 2379, 2380, 2381, 2382, 



Officers Continued. 

2383, 2384, 2385, 2386, 2387, 2388, 
2407, 2410, 2411, 2433, 2435, 2450; 
contrast of pay with civil officers, 
2226; excluded from, 1272, 1369, 
1573 ; raise of pay, 1581 ; half pay, 
864, 1581, 1644, 1788, 1789, 2209, 
2211, 2311, 2370, 2409 ; raise, 1581 ; 
in peace establishment 2441, 2445, 
2457; pensions, see Pensions; per 
mitted to board British guard ships, 
2255; persistence, 1010; petitions, 
see under memorials; plead for jus 
tice, 2397; portmanteaux, 1004; 
prejudice against, 926; pretentious, 
1020; private reconnoissances, 1959; 
prisoners, see under Prisoners; 
promissory notes issued to, 2038; 
promotions, see Promotions; protest, 
712, 1449, 1469, 1771; provision 
issues to, 2121; punished, 173, 1295, 
1656, see also Punishments; pursue 
deserters, 1254; qualifications, 31, 
43, 969, 1761-1762, 2379; quartered 
in private houses, 1206; queries to, 
713 ; rank, 85, 397, 730, 731, 939, 953, 
961, 962, 977, 988, 1239, 1250, 1714, 
1719, 1789, 1850, 1890, 1915, 1922, 
1964, 2166, 2170, 2302, 2319, see also 
Rank; 

rations, 46, 82, 95, 101, 889, 919, 
1186, 1369, 1634, 1635, 1651, 2022, 
2032, 2038, 2041, 2043, 2067, 2083, 
2130; payment of back, 549; 
charge, 2046; commutation, 2080, 
2221 ; deficiency, 2153 ; extra, 1634, 
1718, 1757, 2032, 2041; money, 
2396; rum substitute, 2129; whis 
key, 2118; 

recommended, 47, 206, 356, 1989, 
2441, 2445; records, 1899; 

recruiting, enlisting, mustering, 
etc., 127, 286, 310, 411, 547, 551, 
614, 970, 1075, 1199, 1202, 1284, 
1290, 1377, 1381, 1404, 1541, 1635, 
1644, 1671, 1686, 1687, 2035, 2036, 
2051, 2061, 2070, 2077, 2081, 2098, 
2102, 2120, 2306, 2330, 2459; ac 
counts, 760; arrested, 2110; con 
duct, 310 ; 2201, 2273 ; expense, and 
extra compensation to, 2451; in- 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

1065-1213 1383-1658 1879-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2720 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Officers Continued. 

structions, 2123; needed, 1540, 
1541, 2112, 2359; premium to, 
1308; qualifications, 969; recalled, 
994, 1004, 2110; see also Recruit 
ing; 

redress of injuries, relief, etc., 2311, 
2328, 2460; reduction of, 2197; re 
fuse to forward letters, 2307 ; refuse 
to march, 1995, 2025 ; refuse to serve, 
985 ; refuse to submit to contractor s 
order, 2067; refused duebills, 2221; 
refused permission to visit pris 
oners, 1703 ; regulation, 727 ; reentry 
into service, 1654, 1809; regimental, 
60, 1924, see also Infantry; reliance 
on Congress and Washington, 2401; 
remain at home, 2059; remain in 
service, 37, 2402, 2407, 2410, 2433, 
2438, 2445, 2460; remonstrances see 
addresses from and memorials 
supra; remonstrate against evacu 
ating Crown Point, 153 ; remonstrate 
against French fleet leaving Rhode 
Island, 713 ; report on, 2405 ; reports, 
2203, 2397; representations, see 
under memorials; request refused, 
1275; request Washington s inter 
position with Congress, 2134; resig 
nations, 37, 285, 305, 321, 550, 580, 
584, 592, 599, 606, 621, 736, 738, 
854, 999, 1006, 1014, 1089, 1342, 1448, 
1452, 1571, 1592, 1844, 1856, 1872- 
1873, 2035, 2036, 2306, see also Resig 
nations; responsible for mutiny, 
2413; restraint of, 849; retained for 
instructors, 2378 ; retired and retire 
ment, 1331, 1620, 1714, 1975, 1993, 
2336, 2402, 2403, 2404, 2407, 2411, 
2430, 2442, 2444; returns, 47, 209, 
718, 852, 967, 1072, 1197, 1387, 139G, 
1415, 1426, 1429, 1645, 2008, 2051, 
2060, 2080, 2405, 2407, 2410, 2460; 
rights, 730, 731, 1675; on the San- 
dusky expedition, 2124; satisfaction 
at Washington s answer to address, 
2402; satisfaction to be made to, 
2409 ; for scouting party, 298 ; selec 
tion of, 24, 529, 2383 ; sell horses to 
army, 765; sent to hospitals, 560; 
sentiments on reforming army, 2247 ; 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Officers Continued. 

servants, 791, 1218, 1219, 1656, 2059, 
2071, 2315, 2403, 2404; severity 
toward mutineers, 1700; services, 
2405, 2418; share in prize, 520, 523, 
525, 526, 534 ; shoes, 1113 ; sick, 205 ; 
situation of, 1532, 1534; smuggle 
liquor, 607; States attitude toward, 
2336; 

staff, 60, 82, 536, 1223, 1282, 
1338, 1951; appointments, 1924; 
right to command, 730, 731; Con 
gress plan for, 2247; duties, 514; 
expense in South, 2039; fuel for, 
2173; inability of, 1928; needed, 
1000, 1381. 2208; refuse to serve, 
985 : use public horses, 2038 ; 
southern, 2006 ; States to which they 
belong, 1308, 1309; stay with men, 
300 ; stir up discontent among troops, 
58; 

subalterns, 22, 741, 942, 1275, 
1732, 2020; arrangement, 1940, 
2024, 2044, 2056: arrested, 1794; 
commissions, 1277, 1281, 1323 ; dis 
charged, 1212 ; guard, 1130 ; horses, 
453; pay, 22; rank, 953, 961, 962. 
1890, 1915, 1922, 1933, 1952, 1964; 
recommendations, 2122 ; repre 
sentation, 1141; resignation, 1452, 
see also under the various ranks, 
Cornets, Ensigns, etc. ; 
subsistence, 1145. 1199, 1272, 1369, 
1573, 2136, 2153, 2311, 2331, 2353, 
2430, 2436, 2460 ; suffering, see under 
distress and suffering; to superin 
tend erection of fortifications, 1845; 
to superintend forwarding of cloth 
ing, 1615; to superintend specific 
supplies business, 1295; supernu 
merary, 490, 519, 541, 585, 782, 1101, 
1644, 1645, 1708, 1731, 1986, 2037. 
2303, 2448; superseded, 1654, 2029, 
2079; supplies, 909, 919, 1015, 1534; 
survey damaged clothing, 1628, 1638 ; 
suspended, 2341 ; suspicions, 1753 : 
teams, see under wagons for infra; 
tents, 1004; thanked, 1983, 2455; 
threaten wagonrn asters, 849; threat 
ened, 1103 ; training and instruction, 
390, 529, 2373 ; treatment experienced 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2721 



Officers Continued, 
from Congress, 2354 ; unable to sup 
port themselves, 1904 ; uneasiness of, 
1061, 1813, 2012, 2038, 2046, 2109, 
2112, 2221, 2374; uniform, 514; un 
worthy, 321 ; urged to obtain justice. 
2354 ; vacancies, 891, 906, 1613, 1634 ; 
value of, 1338; vandalism, 173; vis 
iting hospitals, 538, 539 ; wagons for, 
1679, 1928, 2037; waistcoats, 840; 
Washington s address to, 2357 ; on 
Washington s exertions in behalf 
of the army, 2451; Washington s 
friendly sentiments for, 2426; take 
leave of Washington, 2425 ; to watch 
British shipping, 1150; wives, 1158; 
wounded, 474, 792, 810, 1490, 1801. 
See also under the various branches 
of the service, Artillery, Cavalry, 
etc., under Commissions, Councils, 
Prisoners, Navy (Continental), the 
various ranks, Militia and different 
State troops and regiments. 

Officers, British, 140, 249, 544, 654, 698, 
706,1126,1132,1135, 1145, 1152, 1211, 
1762, 2182, 2376; believe in peace, 
527, 2111 ; betting on Washington s 
death, 519; bills protested. 1938; 
go to Canada, 700. 710, 768, 2400; 
capture suggested, 1485; changes 
among, 831 ; in charge of naval pris 
oners, 1703; from Charleston, 2101; 
commanding, 873, 1569, 1885; con 
duct of one sent to American head 
quarters with peace despatches, 
2367 ; to convey money and supplies 
to prisoners, 1998, 2001, 2035, 2045; 
council, see Councils of war, Brit 
ish; with counterfeit money, 1216; 
debts due from, 2350 ; deserters, .884 ; 
detained, 2112; going to Europe, 
1461; feeling against Arnold, 1648- 
1649; feeling against loyalists, 
2120 ; flag of truce, 1571 ; general, 
419, 681, 682, 748, 762, 837, 1367; 
gossip, talk, etc., 650, 975, 1025 ; from 
Halifax, 139 ; held as hostages, 2095 ; 
humanity of, 1580 ; insulting tone of 
their letters, 621 ; intelligence from, 
1900 ; killed and wounded, 430 ; Lip- 
pincott court-martial proceedings 



Officers, British Continued, 
conveyed to American lines by, 2179 ; 
loyalist, 490, 1119, 2218, see also 
Loyalists; money for, 840; move 
ments, 859, 1014, 1126, 1155, 1211; 
names, 873, 2459; navy, see Navy, 
British ; noncommissioned, 2004- 
2005, 2171; observation of Ver- 
planck s and Stony Points, 1784; 
passports and permits to cross the 
lines, carry supplies, etc., to prison 
ers, etc., 115, 1089, 1299, 1480, 1998, 
2001, 2035, 2046, 2185, 2196, 2197, 
2236, 2282, 2296, 2377, 2400; in 
Portsmouth, 1909; rank, 1277; see 
Erskine s maps, 949 ; sick, 828 ; act as 
spies, 1551; staff, 1282; subalterns, 
2004-2005; visit prisoners, 586, 
1762 ; wives, 548, 558, 560 ; wounded, 
1090. See also Prisoners and Con 
vention troops. 

Officers, French, 164, 299, 313, 336, 878, 
1396, 2162, 2384; affray in Boston, 
733, 750; in Boston, 279, 747, 2301; 
in the Cincinnati, 2442, 2445; civil, 
1294 ; efforts to restrain Indians, 
1361; general, 1294; harmony with, 
727; at headquarters, 1623, 1635; 
honors bestowed on, 309, 2101, 2106; 
impressed by Washington s letter of 
leave taking, 2301 ; introduced to 
Washington, 1611 ; accompany Lafa 
yette, 1732 ; navy, see Navy, French ; 
offer of service, 8 ; opinion of Wash 
ington, 2086; ordered to join army, 
330; go to Philadelphia, 1604, 1611; 
prisoners, see Prisoners; rank, 323; 
rank precedence, 1265, 1267; sailing 
from France, 2186; satisfied with 
fortifications, 789; staff, 1294; 
treachery of one, 152; volunteers, 
366; Washington s appreciation of, 
2290, 2297, 2453; wounded in affray, 
733. 

Officers, German Allied troops, 1486, 
1808, 2035; Brunswick, 1248; com 
manding, 1657 ; 

Hessian, 253, 547, 1018, 1848; 
brigadiers. 1590; capture sug 
gested, 412 ; characters of, 713 ; de 
serters, 713; field, 572; passport 



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1658-1879 
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2722 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Officers, German Allied troops Con. 
for, 2418 ; visit and convey, money, 
supplies, etc., to Hessian prisoners, 
253, 586, 1758, 1762, 1763, 1836, 
1848, 1849, 1995, 1996, 2023, 2045, 
2046. 2066, 2171; robbed, 2065- 
2066 ; selling horses, 2275 ; 
names, 1657, 1911, 2459. 

Officers, Spanish, 2162. 

Ogden, Aaron, Capt., 1st New Jersey 
regiment, 988, 2126, 2304. 2364, 2394, 
2395. Letters from, 2339, 2368. Let 
ters and instructions to, 1617, 2370. 

Ogden, Barne, Lt., Spencer s Additional 
Continental regiment, 975. 

Ogden, Gabriel, Owner, Pompton fur 
nace, New Jersey, 310. Letter to, 
271. 

Ogden, John, Capt., New Jersey levies, 
1609. Letters from, 1605, 1609. Let 
ter to, 1605. 

Ogden, Matthias, Col., 1st Neiv Jersey 
regiment, 270, 739, 748, 1595, 2008, 
2074, 2255, 2311, 2355, 2357, 2372; 
captured, 1599 ; certificate of service, 
2371, 2376, 2382; charges against, 
922 ; conference with a committee of 
Congress. 2335; court-martial, 924; 
his proposed enterprise, 2128, 2129, 
2130, 2140; intelligence through, 
1609, 2047, 2126 ; investigation of his 
conduct, 2364; letter to officers, 
2354; plans capture of Prince Wil 
liam and Admiral Digby, 2068, 2071. 
Letters from, 376, 378, 595, 744, 761, 
1220, 1222, 1609, 2000, 2079, 2126, 
2130, 2131, 2140, 2265, 2335, 2371, 
2382, 2445. Letters and instruc 
tions to, 598, 721, 814, 890, 892, 923, 
1217, 1219, 2068, 2072, 2128, 2290, 
2368, 2376. 

Ogden, Robert, Commissary general in 
Neio Jersey, Letter from, 237. 

Ogden, Samuel, of Boonton, Morris 
County, New Jersey, 253, 255, 2258, 
2268. Letter from, 2266. 

Ogden. Samuel, of Boston, 2360. 

Ogden, Sarah, wife of Isaac, 1327. 

Ogden family, 248. 

Ogechee Road (Georgia), account of 
battle of, 2127. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



O Hara, Charles, Col., 2d Foot Guards; 
maj. gen., British army, 596, 600, 
607, 877, 879, 2000, 2034-2035; ex 
change commissioner, 566, 590, 597, 
611, 876. Letter from, 590. Letter 
to, 590. 

O Hara, Henry, Capt., 2d Canadian 
regiment, Letter to, 300. 

O Hara, - , Capt., Pennsylvania f 
frontier company, 1050. 

Ohio, 258, 992. 

Ohio county (Pennsylvania), company 
raised in, 978, 991, 1050. 

Ohio River, forks of, British and In 
dian design against, 1345; lands be 
tween Lake Erie and, 2407 ; land 
grants northwest of, 2438; migra 
tion down, 942, 1001. 

Oil, 534, 586, 1868, 2136. 

Oil-cloth coat, for Washington, 2377. 

O. J., see J. O. 

Olcott, Peter, of Cornish, New Hamp- 
sire, 877. 

Old Point Comfort (Virginia), 1955. 

Oldhain, Edward, Capt., 2d Maryland 
battalion of the Flying Camp, 1011. 

OLIMPE, French store ship, 1940. 

Oliver, Robert, Maj., 3d and 2d Massa 
chusetts regiments, 2242, 2248, 2272. 
Letters from, 2086, 2094, 2250, 2273. 
Letters to, 2085, 2097, 2246, 2347. 

Olrnsted, Aaron, 2128. 

Olmsted, Darias, Connecticut loyalist ?, 
Letter to, 189. 

Olney, Coggershall, Capt. and maj., 
1st Rhode Island regiment, 2059, 
2348. Letters from, 1829, 2125, 2316, 
2348. Letters to, 2342, 2356. 

Olney, George, Auditor, quartermas 
ter department, 1106, 1398. Letter 
to, 1404. 

Olney, Jeremiah, Lt. col., 2d and 1st 
Rhode Island regiments, 275, 1213, 
2214, 2216, 2307; to arrest Knoulton 
and Wells, 2302; presence needed, 
1829; services, 2156, 2169. Letters 
from, 1212, 1744, 2038, 2046, 2064, 
2086, 2122, 2185, 2210, 2214, 2216, 
2218, 2219, 2222, 2225, 2227, 2299, 
2335, 2354, 2381, 2407. Letters and 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



.2723 



Oliiey, Jeremiah Continued. 

orders to, 330, 689, 1727, 2077, 2139, 
2144, 2212. 2210, 2220, 2267, 2301, 
2302, 2304, 2306, 2323, 2324, 2400, 
Regiment, 2321, 2323. 

Olney, Stephen, Capt., 2d and 1st 
Rhode Island regiments; ma;., the 
Rhode Island regiment, 1329, 1422, 
1705. Letters from, 1331, 1714. Let 
ters to, 1730, 2116, 2155. 

Oneida (New York), 930, 938. 

Oneida Lake (New York), H2, 962; 
map, 1080. 

Oneida port (New York), 908. 

Oneidas, sec Indians, tribes. 

Onions, 424, 738. 

Onondaga (New York), council of Six 
Nations at, 85; expedition against, 
966, 970, 992, 995, 1000, 1007, 1009, 
1010, 1011, 1017; destroyed, 988, 
1005; Indians killed at, 984; par 
ticulars of the expedition, 1014; 
prisoners taken at, 984, 1011. 

Onondagas, see Indians, tribes. 

Onoquaga, see Anaquaga. 

Onox, John, Private, 1st Pennsylvania 
regiment, 1696. 

Operations, sec Manoeuvers. 

Option, contractors issues, 2327. 

Oquaga, see Anaquaga. 

Orange county (New York), 185, 332, 
1603; map of part of, 1604; militia, 
261, 308, 1733; letter to commanding 
officer and colonels, 862, 1733. 

Orangeburg (South Carolina), 1828, 
1860. 

Orangetown (New York), 183. 685, 
686, 688, 1542, 2120; conference be 
tween Carleton and Washington at, 
2386. 

Orderly-books, 569. 

Orderly hour, 1459. 

Orders, 228, 514, 2059, 2137, 2271; 
against intercourse with enemy, 
2156; ambiguous, 1878; attention to, 
disobedience, neglect, etc., 302, 817, 
1240, 1267, 1876, 2249, 2250; British, 
2111, 2116, 2237, 2297; to call out 
officers, 2059; conflicting, 2148; 
countermanded by Congress, 2412, 
2414; delay in carrying out, 2198; 



Orders Continued, 
delayed, 1339, 1629, 2120; delivery 
of, 1886; division, 709; enforcement, 
2276; from France, 2174; garrison, 
1645, 1678, 1679. 

general, 514, 788, 1011, 1060, 
1062, 1119, 1169, 1220, 1386, 1552, 
1599, 1737, 1906, 1909, 1928, 1947, 
1978, 2039, 2042, 2082, 2104, 2106, 
2135, 2256, 2268, 2334, 2410, 2415; 
attention to, 180, 1181, 2274; 
copying of, 2043; distribution of, 
1284; extracts from, 1489, 1564, 
2027 ; on the Newburgh addresses, 
2355, 2356, 2358-2359; recruiting, 
924, to settle rank, 1012; regulat 
ing rum issues, 1524 ; call for re 
turns, 2415; suggestions, 1912; 
miscarriage of, 1631 ; for manoeuver, 
2256, 2260; 2262; publication of, 
2059; for provisions, 2105; regula 
tion of army, 1592; standing, 1491, 
2290; Washington s farewell, 2446, 
2447, 2448, 2451; Washington s 
needed, 2126; writing of, 1459. 
Ordnance, 135, 163, 240, 246, 595, 1190, 
1304; apparatus, 1217, 2349 ; arrange 
ments, 1876; brass, 297; brass and 
iron, 95; 

British, 174 ; captured, 46, 1104, 
1972; left behind, 92, 2453; re 
turns, 1080, 1962, 1972; 
casting, 289, 297 ; corps, see Artillery 
corps ; delayed, 1348 ; distribution of. 
1063; estimates, 1720, 1792, 2023, 
2330, 2333 ; laboratories, 251 ; list of, 
1724; master of, 2447; movements, 
51, 1323, 2213; position, 2424; re 
turns, 132, 964, 1507, 1948, 2302, 2329, 
2341, 2349, 2424, 2453; for southern 
detachment, 1990 ; stores, see Stores ; 
supply, 158; transportation, 1939, 
1948. See also Artillery. 
Ordnance department, 244, 891, 902, 

955, 1322. 

D Orillac, Chevalier, Letter from, 163. 
Orillat, Jean, Canadian refugee, 18, 31. 
Oriskany (New York), victory at, 406; 

Willett s sortie at, 398. 
Orleans, Isle of, see Isle of Orleans. 
Orner, Michael, 601. 



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2724 



LIBRAKY OF CONGRESS 



Orphans, 1433, 1701. 

Orser, Jonas, Capt., Westchcster, New 
York, militia, 2236. Letter to, 2237. 

Orvilliers, Louis Gillouet, Comte d , 
Adml., French Navy, 799; defeats 
Keppel, 755, 763, 771. 

O. S., American spy, 2292. 

Osborn, Thomas, Loyalist spy of New 
Haven, Connecticut, 1484, 1485, 1489, 
1496, 1509. 

Osborne, Isaac, 174. 

Osgood, Christopher, 2273. 

Osgood, Samuel, I/a;", and aide to 
Ward; contractor for supplying l)eef 
from Massachusetts, Letters from, 
67, 1640. Letters to, 68, 1651. 

Oswald, Eleazer, Volunteer, Canadian 
expedition; It. col. 2d Continental 
artillery, 17. 203, 246, 775. Letter 
from, 820. Letter to, 792. 

Oswald, Richard, British commission 
er for negotiating peace with the 
United States, 2328. 

Oswegatchie (New York), British post 
at, 1025, 2230 ; country between Fort 
Edward and, 1025; distance from 
Fort Schuyler. 1041; exploration, 
1025; routes to, 980, 991, 1011, 1039, 
2312 ; scout to, 1011, 1041. 

Oswego (New York), 872, 2425, 2434; 
American occupation of, 2426; Brit 
ish at, 183, 1177, 2155, 2162, 2269, 
2311, 2433; British fortifying at, 
151, 2160; British post at, 910; can 
non needed at, 2424; expeditions 
against, 192, 2284-2285, 2301, 2309, 
2311, 2321, 2323, 2327, 2331, 2348, 
2352; account of expedition against, 
2344; Indians at, 123, 180, 183; in 
telligence from, 160, 165 ; peace news 
sent to, 2376. 2388; routes to, 872, 
1080, 2311, 2312; scout report from, 
170, 1026; Six Nations meeting at, 
123; stores for. 2422: troops for, 
2422, 2424. 

Oswego Lake (New York), 854. 

Otis, Samuel Alleyn, Massachusetts 
agent for clothing, 499. Letter from, 
505. See also Otis & Andrews; Otis 
& Henley. 

Otis, Joseph. 139. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-GO 



Otis & Andrews, Continental agents 

for clothing, Boston, 786. Letters 

from, 685, 748, 783. Letters to, 738, 

758, 774. 
Otis & Henley, Deputy Continental 

agents for clothing, Boston, 960, 

1584, 1640, 1651, 2325. Letters from, 

1583, 1601, 1630. Letters to, 1559, 

1614. 
Ottendorff, Nicholas Dietrich, Baron 

de, Capt., Continental army; ma;., 

Armand s corps, 685, 708. Letter to, 

215. Corps, 1333. 
Otter Creek (New York), 742. 
Otway, Joseph, Capt., British army, 

632. 

Otway, William A., 387. 
Outfits, see Equipment. 
Outlaws, see Banditti. 
Outposts, see Army, Continental, lines. 
Outrages, see Barbarity. 
Ovens, 484, 1896; baking, 1381, 1566; 

for French fleet, 700; portable, 470. 
Overalls, 738, 748, 939, 947, 1005, 1020, 

1022, 1602, 2034, 2325; issued, 1013; 

making of, 960; material, 2255; 

needed, 1257 ; quality, 1265 ; woolen, 

2265, 2327. 
Overtoil, John, Capt., l^th Virginia 

regiment, 585. 
Oxen, 1734, 1869, 2173; advantage 

over horses, 1477; collected, 2243; 

for hauling, 730; to move artillery, 

2179; returns, 2173; seized, 1732; 

presented to Washington, 1659, 1849. 

See also Teams, ox. 
Oyster Bay (Ponds, Long Island, New 

York), 12, 1134; attempt on British 

guards at, 261; British ship s off, 

716, 719; British troops at, 1498, 

1606, see also Coram. 
Oysters, 460, 462, 1540. 



P. 



P., see E. P. 

Paca, William, Governor of Maryland, 

2337, 2350. 

Pack horses, see Horses. 
Pack-saddles, sec Saddles. 
Packet (British), 995, 2109, 2225, 2262. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2725 



Packwood, Joseph, Capt., sloop "John" 
1446. 

Paine, Thomas, " Common Sense," 69. 

Painter, Elisha, Maj., Warner s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 834, 
1227, 1237. Letters from, 792, 1455. 
Letter to, 569. 

Painter, Gamaliel, Capt., Baldwin s 
Artillery - artificer regiment, 1518, 
1526. Letter from, 1519. 

Pakataghkan (Paughhataughin, Paugh- 
kataghter, Paughataughin, Delaware 
county, New York), 743, 744, 752. 

Palfrey, William, Maj. and aide to 
Lee; It. col. and aide to Washington; 
Paymaster general, Continental 
army; U. S. consul to France, 76, 
127, 190; his accounts, 519, 1077, 
1092; health, 510; resignation, 519. 
Letters from, 52, 71, 128, 208, 510. 
519, 527, 796, 1077. Letters to, 42, 
50, 208, 213, 221, 427, 647, 1069, 1092, 
1156. Drafts and copies by, 82, 83, 
88, 92, 93. 

Palisades, at Fort Mifflin, 465, 467. 

Palmer, Edmund (Edward), Lt., Brit 
ish Provincial troops, 370, 381, 388, 
389; executed, 400. 

Palmer, Edward, Lt., 5th Connecticut 
regiment, 1392, 1397. 

Palmer, Henry, Capt., Hudson river 
sloop "Liberty," 136. 

Palmer, John, Headmaster of masters 
of Hudson river vessels, 1661. 

Palmer, John, Quartermaster, Invalid 
regiment, 2318. 

Palmer, Thomas, New York Commis 
sioner in the Highlands, 117. Letter 
to, 122. 

Palsy, see Disease. 

Pamela, Luther, Private, Baldwin s 
Artificers, 2271. 

Paoli (Pennsylvania), surprise at, 422. 

Paper, 569, 2170; brigade supply, 155, 
156; cartridge, 427, 2133; needed, 
970, 1464, 1466, 1509, 1681, 1739, 1908, 
2133; quality, 1562; regimental sup 
ply, 154, 155, 156 ; writing, 427, 1445, 
1461, 1464, 1466, 1467, 1476, 1509, 
1514, 1681, 1739, 1792. 

Paper money, see Money. 



Papers, military, see Records. 
Parade, roll call, 1264. 
Paramus (New Jersey), 394, 751, 874, 
1050, 1130, 1149, 1150, 1206, 1315, 
1317 ; British move against, 317, 814, 
1284, 1286, 1310, British retire from 
1311 ; loyalists at, 318 ; protection of, 
874; road to camp, 1614; supplies 
enemy with provisions, 254. 
Paramus Church (New Jersey), plat 

of fortification, 1604. 
Pardons, 151, 711, 993, 1246, 1576, 1577, 
1584, 1702, 1839, 1852, 1853, 1S54, 
1909, 1980, 1986, 2142, 2172, 2183, 
2212, 2322; British, 129, 897; of 
capital sentences, 999, 1343, 1797, 
2185; deserters, 144, 612, 984, 1343, 
1349, 1396, 1421, 1429, 1456, 1490, 
1718, 1777, 2022, 2024 ; form of, 1690, 
1691 ; loyalists desire to know their 
chances of, 211; petitioned for, re 
quested, etc., 1844, 1910, 2117; proc 
lamation, 1066, 1429; publication of, 
2022 ; recommended, 2185. 
Parchment, certificates of discharge on, 

2383. 

Paris (France), definitive treaty of 
peace signed at, 2445 ; peace negotia 
tions at, 2181, 2182, 2312, 2321 ; pre 
liminary treaty of peace signed at, 
2359, 2360. 

Parke, John, Col., asst. quartermaster 
general, Letter from, 156. Orders to, 
90. 

Parke, John, Lt, col., Patton s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, Letters 
to, 597, 652. 
Parke, John, Lt., 13th Pennsylvania 

regiment, Letter from, 596. 
Parke, John, Lt., 1st Rhode Island regi 
ment, Letter from, 11. 
Parker, Alexander, Capt., 2d Virginia 
regiment, 871. Letters and memo 
rials from, 868, 1995. 
Parker, Daniel, 868. 
Parker, Daniel, New York merchant; 
member, firms of Daniel Parker & 
Co., Duer & Parker, 2228, 2371, 2376 ; 
ability to perform contract of sup 
plying army, 2276, 2284; commis 
sioner to carry out articles of treaty 



1779 1780 1781 

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2726 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Parker, Daniel Continued, 
of peace, 2377; commissioner to su 
perintend British embarkation at 
New York, 2404, 2405, 2406, 2407, 
2408; indisposition, 2418; memorial 
and remonstrance to Carleton, 2404, 
2406, 2407, 2408 ; negotiates to supply 
British, 23G6 ; presence in New York, 
2366, 2367 ; ordered to stop purchases 
of provisions, 2408; purchases for 
Washington, 2408 ; to secure run 
away slaves, 2383 ; thanked by Carle- 
ton, 2372. Letters from, 2366, 2377, 
2404, 2406, 2407, 2408, 2443. Letters 
to, 2383, 2395, 2396, 2399, 2400, 2405, 
2420, 2430. See also Duer & Parker. 

Parker, Daniel & Co., Contractors for 
supplying the army with provisions, 
2376; agreement with officers, 2319, 
2398, 2399; certificate, 2375; fail to 
supply provisions, 2395-2396 ; pro 
pose to advance pay to army, 2387. 
Letters from, 2387, 2423. 

Parker, David, of Boston, Letter from, 
33. 

Parker, Eli, Lt., 6th Massachusetts 
regiment, 2110. 

Parker, Hyde, Capt., British Navy, 
proclamation, 897. Letter from, 92. 

Parker, Josiah, Lt. col. and col., 5th 
Virginia regiment, 681. Letters to, 
313, 314, 631. 

Parker, Josiah, of Virginia, 1992. 

Parker, Richard, Lt. col., 2d; col., 1st 
Virginia regiments, 580, 885, 1006, 
1014. Letters from, 583, 719, 860, 
1016. Letters and instructions to, 
586, 867, 1007. 

Parker, Thomas, Capt., 5th Virginia 
regiment, 1945, 2122. 

Parker, William, Capt., Bedford 
county, Pennsylvania, riflemen, Let 
ter from, 248. 

Parkhurst, Josiah, Capt., Royalton, 
Neiv Hampshire, militia, 1573. 

Parks, Roland, Cornet, King s Ameri 
can Light Dragoons, British provin 
cial troops, 2345. 

Parks, Warham, Maj., 4th Massachu 
setts regiment, Letter to, 566. 

Parliament, see Great Britain. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Paroles, 490, 499, 706, 1182, 1187, 1228, 
1232, 1288, 1338, 1452, 1596, 1941, 
1954, 1963, 1966, 2018, 2036, 2104, 
2128, 2136, 2149, 2163, 2181, 2242, 
2243, 2256, 2258, 2346 ; 

British, 445, 600, 1027, 1044, 1089. 
1135, 1171, 1172, 1295, 1299, 1316, 
1328, 1332, 1336, 1347, 1477, 1533, 
1634, 1690, 1816, 2045, 2128, 2131, 
2140, 2257; Brunswick officer, 
1248; called in, 879; claim viola 
tions, 1166; convalescents, 2182; 
Convention troops, 487, 498, 499, 
903, 904, 1154, 1487; extended to 
Europe, 1523; form, 897; German, 
1808; granted. 1832, 1959; Hes 
sian, 1821, 2174, 2182 ; limitations, 
1487; objections to, 1980; pri 
vates, 1990, 2003, 2007, 2185, 2186 ; 
propositions, 1296 ; protested, 1288 ; 
requested, 1314, 1586 ; rights, 1178 ; 
discharge of, 2165; exchanges, 1302, 
1523, 1542 ; extension, 1300 ; granted, 
2090, 2131 ; matters, 632 ; papers de 
stroyed, 2088; privates, 266, 2135, 
2224, 2458; propriety of testifying in 
court-martial while on, 2003; re 
called, 907, 1154; releases, 2431; re 
quested, 1909; sea captains and 
mates, 2157, 2185; status of, 2430; 
suspicions aroused by, 1591; viola 
tions, broken, etc., 326, 716, 911, 913, 
1060, 1063, 1072, 1074, 1114, 1141, 
1154, 1178, 1281, 1535, 1995, 2012. 
See also Prisoners. 

Parr, James, Maj., 7th Pennsylvania 
regiment, 999. Letter from, 1913. 
Letters to, 1012, 1616, 1906. 
Parrish, Isaac, Philadelphia merchant f. 

965. 
Parsons, David, Capt., 3d Connecticut 

regiment, Letter from, 1994. 
Parsons, Eli, 1745. 
Parsons, Jabez, Lt., 2d Connecticut 

regiment, 1300. 

Parsons, Samuel Holden, Col., 6th Con 
necticut regiment and 10th Conti 
nental infantry; brig, and maj. 
gen., Continental army, 133, 156. 178, 
184, 196, 203, 270, 281, 287, 289, 298. 
309, 310, 359, 440, 611. 692, 694, 710. 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

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INDEX 



2727 



Parsons, Samuel Holden Continued. 
723, 724, 730, 731, 740, 769, 770, 796, 
850, 861, 887, 91G, 1068, 1078, 1079, 
1087, 1097, 1100, 1101, 1130, 1191, 
1411, 1485, 1491, 1566, 1611, 1761, 
1811, 1817, 1818, 1819, 1835, 1858, 
1911, 1922, 1923, 2372; answer to 

remonstrance, 551 ; charges against, 
551, 566; commands, 851, 1049, 1500, 
1520, 1535; comments on Gates, 
1544; complaint. 900; efforts to ob 
tain intelligence, 855; foray and 
foraging expeditions, 456, 694; 
health, 1316, 1558, 1615, 1757, 1765, 
1793, 1807, 1811, 2012, 2119 ; his Long 
Island enterprise, 511; surprises 
Morrisania, 1702; notified regarding 
Andre, 1521 ; opinion, 599 ; opinion 
of Congress, 1509; opinion in coun 
cil of war, 726, 798, 1099, 1534; 
opinion on the situation, 1049, 1054. 
1510; reconnoissance, 645; resigna 
tion, 511, 528, 986. 2119, 2130, 2140, 
2179 ; suspicious aroused by letter of 
Arnold to Anderson, 1557. Letters 
and orders from, 32, 55, 95, 136, 246, 
251, 254, 257, 261, 267, 276, 283, 284, 
285, 287, 292, 298, 309, 315, 318, 325, 
328, 342, 343, 365, 368, 385, 510, 551, 
568, 575, 579, 623, 644, 694, 719, 798, 
815, 850, 855, 863, 887, 958, 960, 970, 
977, 986, 989, 1000, 1001, 1006, 1049, 
1051, 1054, 1071, 1074, 1076, 1077, 
1078, 1089, 1099, 1103, 1157, 1180, 

1203, 1208, 1209, 1243, 1300, 1316, 
1368, 1374, 1387, 1393, 1413, 1423, 
1447, 1457, 1469, 1482, 1484, 1489, 
1505, 1509, 1517, 1544, 1557, 1558, 
1559, 1560, 1605, 1615, 1649, 1662, 
1673, 1676, 1690, 1692, 1694, 1719, 
1720, 1722, 1732, 1750, 1756, 1793, 
1807, 1810, 1813, 1820, 1872, 1890, 
1906, 1922, 1993, 2012, 2075, 2119, 
2122, 2140. Letters, orders, and in 
structions to, 249, 251, 255, 266, 270, 
275, 280, 284, 295, 299, 312, 319, 320, 
325, 327, 330, 333, 337, 345, 528, 566, 
567, 568, 577, 611, 631, 973, 981, 996, 
1003, 1012, 1013, 1034, 1070, 1072, 
1073, 1104, 1188, 1191, 1196, 1201, 

1204, 1207, 1210, 1306, 1380, 1390, 



Parsons, Samuel Holden Continued. 
1420, 1459, 1485, 1495, 1500, 1506, 
1610, 1654, 1693, 1714, 1728, 1755, 
1806, 1811, 1873, 1891, 1975, 1994, 
2018, 2130, 2179. Brigade, 208, 343, 
351, 370, 815, 887, 989, 1006, 1013, 
1051, 1137. 1505, 1682, 1690, 1692. 
Regiment, 32. 

Partisan corps, 323, 341, 533, 907. See 
also under Arniand ; Lee, Henry and 
Pulaski. 

Partisan warfare, 1590, 1765, 1768, 
2057, 2358. 

Passaic Falls (New Jersey), 257,1384, 
1656. 

Passaic Kiver (New Jersey), 159, 1302, 
1304. 

Passports, 2, 56, 259, 481, 488, 501, 504, 
535, 562, 571, 619, 644, 844, 869, 888, 
928, 935, 1024, 1203, 1256, 1296, 1327, 
1335, 1336, 1404, 144 5, 1485, 1950, 
2068, 2193, 2205, 2207, 2220, 2249, 
2260, 2291, 2292, 2307, 2332; abused, 
1190, 1959, 2171; applications, 1454, 
1455, 1511, 1523, 1995, 1996, 2035, 
2036, 2052, 2053, 2291, 2305, 2329, 
2339, 2342, 2343, 2346, 2360, 2370, 
2371; applications, British, 1127, 
2109, 2111, 2152, 2177, 2181, 2185, 
2279, 2287, 2296, 2369, 2400, 2408; 
applications, Hessian, 2161; author 
ity to grant, 2036 ; authorized, 886 ; 

British, 1626, 2205, 2126, 2282, 
2296, 2297, 2310, 2340; applica-. 
tious for, 1610, 2329; granting, 
1534, 2372; 

for clothing for British prisoners, 
1887; matters, 2241; mode of ob 
taining, 1209, 1480, 1482, 1596-1597, 
2035-2036, 2171; directions as to, 
2146; to enter Boston, 2372; to en 
ter enemy s lines, 1482, 2045, 2147, 
2248; to enter New York, 921, 1251, 
1482, 2028, 2052, 2242, 2266, 2313, 
2336, 2342, 2366, 2367, 2370, 2377, 
2408; fishing, 2251; form, 2046; 
grant of, 524, 902, 1460, 1475, 2013, 
2053, 2090, 2372, 2433; for Hessian 
clothing, 2171; for Hessian officers, 
see under Officers ; on the lines, 2340, 
2365; to loyalists, 2431; needed, 



1779 1780 1781 

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2728 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Passports Continued. 
1997; for British officers, 840, 1468, 
2001, 2004-2005, 2035, 2045, 2046, 
2196, 2197, 2282, 2296, 2377, 2406; 
for Convention officers, 1126; for 
Hessian officers, 992, 1763, 1995, 
1996, 2023, 2046, 2066, 2171, 2418; 
for British paroled prisoners, 2185, 
2186, see also Prisons; for peace 
dispatch bearers, 2369; provision, 
896, 90S; refused, 502, 722, 1611; 
refused to spies, 1190; for British 
sergeants, 1209; for supplies for 
Convention troops, 1131 ; for vessels, 
499, 909, 2376; for British vessels, 
1131, 1596, 1626, 1637, 1989, 1999, 
2003, 2058, 2059, 2282; for British 
ships to convey South Carolinians 
home, 2296; for British flag-of-truce 
vessels, 1973 ; for British supply ves 
sels, 898, 916, 919, 927, 928, 1131, 
1602, 1633, 1634, 1642. 1669, 2035- 
2036, 2045, 2053; for flag-of-truce 
vessel, 1633 ; for tobacco ships, 2002, 
2003, 2036. 
Pasturage, 748, 1033, 1351, 1792, 2172 ; 

impress for, 1394, 1395. 
Paterson, John, Brig, gen., Continental 
army, 358, 372, 504, 552, 637, 651, 
664, 695, 710, 724, 730, 731, 796, 924, 
1400, 1590, 1830, 1858, 1911, 1940, 
2013, 2056, 2087, 2155, 2302, 2398; 
leave of absence, 926, 2178 ; approves 
Gates answers, 802; commission, 
403; 

opinions, 655; on attacking 
Philadelphia, 486, 496; in council 
of general officers, 2098 ; in council 
of war, 726, 1523; on plans of 
campaign, 603; on the situation, 
1510; on magazines and depend 
encies of West Point, 2093; on 
winter quarters, 496; 
Letters from, 477, 486, 496, 603, 
726, 820, 926, 1332, 1400, 1523,1829, 
1832, 1834, 1853, 2029, 2042, 2067, 
2098, 2155, 2165, 2263, 2295, 2313, 
2366, 2374, 2390, 2395, 2452. Letters 
and instructions to, 265, 479, 709, 
1403, 1569, 1571, 1622, 1826, 1829, 
1830, 1832, 1834, 1836, 1852, 2095, 



Paterson, John Continued. 

2153, 2295, 2314, 2455. Brigade, 479, 
502, 820, 826, 829, 1031, 1401, 2395- 
2396. 

Paton, James, Lt., 2d Continental 
dragoons, Letter from, 728. 

Patriotism, 675, 1227, 1676, 2078. 

Patrols, see Pickets. 

PATSEY, British brigantine, 1131. 

Patten, William, 190. 

Patterson, Alexander, Capt., 12th 
Pennsylvania regiment, Letter from, 
551. Letter to, 556. 

Patterson, Benjamin, Vermont loyalist, 
Letter from, 2134. 

Patterson, Isaac, Vermont loyalist, 
Letter to, 2134. 

Patterson, James, Lt. col., 63d Foot, 
British army, interview with Wash 
ington, 151. 

Patterson, John, Adj., 1st Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 216. 

Patterson, John, Vermont loyalist, Let 
ter to, 2134. 

Patterson, Samuel, Letter from, 504. 

Patterson, William, Col., Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania, militia, an 
swers to questions, 1042; character, 
971; on Indian country, 1041, 1042; 
on Indian expedition, 1037 ; pass 
ports, 928; supplies for, 931. Let 
ters from, 958, 966, 1037. Letters 
and instructions to, 929, 931, 972, 
1058. 

Patterson, William, Lt., Grayson s 
Additional Continental regiment, Or 
ders to, 529. 

Patterson, - , Capt., Gist s Addi 
tional Continental regiment, 966. 

Patton, John, Col., Additional Conti 
nental regiment, Letter from 286. 
Letters to, 233, 239, 289, 320. Regi 
ment, 233, 239, 317, 319, 320 ; march, 
968; marching orders for, 944, 945; 
returns, 968 ; see also Parke, John. 

Patton, John, Lt. col., 2d North Caro 
lina regiment, 399. 

Pau, , Commissary of war and ar 
tillery, French army in America. 
1747. 



J ANDAR Y-.T U NE 

JULY-DECK MBKU 



1775 1776 

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1 60-137 

_ 1-60 137-229 



1777 1778 

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229-354. 515-675 

354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2729 



Paughataughin, Paughhataughin, 
Paughkataghter, see Pakataghkau. 

Paulding, John, Private, Westchester 
county militia, 2334, 2346; intro 
duced to Washington, 1551. 

Pauling s Mills (Pennsylvania), 430. 

Paulson, John, Maj., 8th Virginia regi 
ment, 2027, 2071. 

Paulus Hook (now Jersey City, New 
Jersey), 767, 1132, 1143, 1172, 1224, 
2346; attacks and attempts on, 416, 
1108, 1109. 1113, 1114, 1115, 1116, 
1117, 1122, 1128, 1129, 1248, 1257, 
1259, 1263, 1264; 

British at, 187, 364, 380, 752, 
767, 834, 843, 850, 871, 1223, 1234, 
1240, 1259, 1402, 2285; artillery 
sent to, 1232; attempt retaliation 
for surprise of, 1115; communica 
tion with, 1220; evacuate, 640; 
fortifications, 871, 1264, 2019; 
captured, 1114 ; detachment for, 185 ; 
flag of truce communication with, 
1248; instructions for attempt on, 
1122, 1128; intelligence of, 1251; 
Lee s command at, 1119, 1120 ; loyal 
ists at, 1284, 2149; prisoners taken 
at, 1116; rewards for, 1150; skir 
mishing at, 1486; strength of, 1259; 
success at, 1115, 1129; surprise of, 
1116, 1117, 1257. 

Pa upa squash Neck (Rhode Island), 
1365, 1370. 

Pausch, Wilhelm. Surgeon, Knyphau- 
seris regiment, German allied troops, 
1353, 1355, 1491 

Pawling, Albert, Brig.-maj., Clinton s 
brigade; maj.. Malcom s Additional 
Continental regiment; It. col., New 
York State regiment, 207. Letter 
from, 925. Letter to, 931, 1167. 

Pawling, Levi, Col., New York militia, 
Letter from, 256. Regiment, 256, 
261. 

Pawtuxet (Rhode Island), 1869. 

Paxton, Isaac, Asst. commissary of is 
sues, Letter from, 461. 

Pay, 22, 24, 25, 37. 56, 57, 58, 60, 70, 
92, 94, 97, 103, 120, 123, 131, 134, 
160, 170, 171, 208, 221, 225, 229, 263, 
271, 274, 277, 280, 285, 288, 289, 290, 



Pay Continued. 

292, 295, 297, 301, 303, 304, 314, 315, 
320, 326, 328, 330, 338, 345, 252, 384, 
395, 396, 427, 432, 433, 466, 474, 516, 
518, 527, 544, 548, 561, 599, 602, 635, 
683, 684, 703, 718, 720, 722, 828, 833, 
889, 900, 929, 938, 960, 981, 1005, 
1016, 1050, 1059, 1067, 1069, 1073, 
1077, 1101, 1133, 1138, 1157, 1174, 
1184, 1212, 1223, 1226, 1232, 1261, 
1300, 1325, 1326, 1351, .1405, 1416, 
1440, 1441, 1464, 1465, 1485, 1540, 
1564, 1566, 1580, 1589, 1606, 1613, 
1653, 1671, 1738, 1747, 1763, 1767, 
1776, 1781, 1786, 1787, 1800, 1803, 
1804, 1812, 1814, 1815, 1833, 1856, 
1898, 1928, 1934, 1945, 1946, 1955, 
1965, 1994, 2007, 2008, 2014, 2016, 
2021, 2025, 2033, 2034, 2039, 2042, 
2043, 2044, 2049, 2052, 2054, 2081, 
2130, 2134, 2153, 2180, 2194, 2220, 
2225, 2239, 2242, 2257, 2319, 2327, 
2328, 2336, 2345, 2361, 2363, 2373, 
2374, 2378, 2383, 2385, 2399, 2408, 
2426, 2449; abstract, 240, 514, 929; 
accounts, 224 ; additional, 243, 2200 ; 
advance, 1804, 1900, 2038, 2226; ad 
vanced by contractors, 2387, 2388, 
2400; applications, 124, 277, 278, 
2204; arrears, arrearages, back, 400, 
829, 1156, 1509, 16G4, 1665, 1700, 
1872, 2151, 2267, 2406, 2452 ; author 
ized, 885, 1900; British, 770, British 
promises to American troops, 1700 ; 
British for provisions, 2194; for 
Brunswick troops, 1248; certificates, 
2104; claims, 358, 344, 602, 1565, 
2350, 2425, 2426, 2456; commuta 
tion, 2370, 2372, 2373, 2379, 2380, 
2381, 2382, 2383, 2384, 2385, 2386, 
2387, 2388, 2407, 2410, 2411, 2415, 
2433, 2435, 2450, 2451; pamphlet on 
commutation, 2407 ; complaints and 
grievances, 223, 303, 373. 1077, 1831, 
2064, 2072, 2172; delay, 214, 1339, 
1804, 1898, 1899, 1903, 2060; depre 
ciation, 1519, 1668, 1669, 1684, 1701, 
1848, 2015, 2428, 2441; difficulties, 
128, 2037; discontent, 1873, 2064; 
distress, 1642, 1764, 2153; diverted 
to transportation, 1804; due, 1904, 



1779 

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1780 1781 1782 1783 

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2730 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Pay Continued. 

2401; exertions, 2049, 2402; extra, 
1127, 1998; for French army, 1294; 
half pay, 864, 1225, 1581, 1714, 
1730, 1789, 2036, 2151, 2204, 2209, 
2211, 2311, 2349, 2374, 2389, 2393; 
commutation, 2370, 2372, 2373. 
2379, 2380, 2381, 2382, 2383, 2384, 
2385, 2386, 2387, 2388, 2407, 2409, 
2410, 2411; establishment, 1071, 
1639; for foreign officers, 1644; 
petitions for, 2199; for retired 
officers, 1607; 

for horses killed, 747; increase, 22, 
295, 408, 1318, 1581; impositions, 
258; inequalities, 2374; instructions, 
920, 1585 ; insufficient, low, small, 95, 
1010, 2015; matters, 863, 919, 1192, 
1237, 1594, 2226; memorials and pe 
titions, 22, 1496, 2199, 2209, 2211, 
2409; mutiny on account of, 462; 
needed, necessity, lacking, wanted, 
etc., 32, 126, 128, 312, 331, 391, 394, 
469, 628, 694, 748, 762, 979, 1140, 
1318, 1360, 1391, 1640, 1809, 1855, 
1897, 1898, 1900, 1954, 1992, 1995, 
2035, 2037, 2064, 2080, 2093, 2125, 
2153, 2226; notes for, 2402; peti 
tions, see under memorials and peti 
tions; plan, 45; pledged in iron and 
blacksmith work, 1535; promises, 
227; for rations, 46, 1358; regula 
tions, 307; requested, 1804, 2406; 
rolls, 126, 132, 341. 518. 535, 537, 
545, 1827; settlement, 2441; States 
take over, 1900; stopped, withheld, 
193, 1682, 1876 ; uneasiness, 974, 1232, 
1764, 1804, 1903, 2151; unsettled, 
2039 ; use of, 1607 ; warrants, 1718 ; 
of workmen, 1449, 1686. 
Pay, office, 2141. 

Paymaster, 341, 915, 1001, 2379; leave 
of absence. 2395 ; accounts, 941 ; - ap 
pointed, 1110, 2363; appointment 
form, 893; British, 720, 1266, 1977, 
2034; deputies, 320; matters, 169, 
294, 393, 396, 1007; needed, 680; 
notes, 2092, 2094 ; order on, 833 ; pay, 
330 ; ration, 2032 ; for wagoners, 954. 
Paymaster general, 2094. See also Pal 
frey, William ; Pierce, John ; War 
ren, James. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Payne, Elisha, of Cornish, New Hamp 
shire, 877. 

Peabody, Ebenezer, Lt., 7th Massachu 
setts regiment, 1243. 
Peabody, Nathaniel, New Hampshire 
delegate, Continental Congress; 
member, medical committee, 1306, 
1411. 

Peabody, Stephen, Lt. col., New Hamp 
shire militia, Letter from, 744. 
Peace, 6, 911, 943, 944, 2051, 2115, 2145, 
2341, 2352, 2359, 2362, 2364, 2371, 
2375, 2377, 2380, 2382, 2388, 2392, 
2393, 2399, 2426, 2432, 2450, 2451; 
British ambassador s proposal to 
Spain, 958 ; British efforts for a sep 
arate, 2196; British efforts toward, 
overtures, etc., 648, 984, 990, 2051, 
see also under Commissioners, Brit 
ish ; British disposition toward, 
2115, 2186; British with Indians. 
1065; British officers belief in and 
remarks on, 527, 975, 2111; British 
preservation of, 2386 ; British procla 
mations, 2376; British talk, 2190; 
between British and Vermont, 2162; 
celebration, 2389, 2394, 2433, 2434, 
2444, 2455; certainty, 2365; commis 
sioners, sec Commissioners, British; 
desire for, 2261; despatches, 2367, 
2369, 2376; peace establishment, see 
Army; France s desire for, 2153; 
France s refusal to conclude a peace 
unsatisfactory to the United States, 
2357; general, 2357, 2363; gossip, 
talk, 975, 2190, 2192, 2247; with In 
dians, 384, 963, 972, 988, 1004, 1013, 
1026, 1033. 1035, 1037, 1040, 1048, 
1065, 1157, 2173, 2239, 2294, 2394; 
measures, 601, 608 ; mediation, 1849 ; 
negotiations. 2181, 2182, 2195, 
2196, 2239, 2245, 2300, 2314, 2316, 
2321, 2357; Indian, 2394; unoffi 
cial, 73, 168, 171, 172, 250, 251, 282. 
373; 

news reports, rumors, etc., 936, 2363. 
2364, 2366, 2368, 2369, 2371, 2372, 
2379, 2382, 2388 ; news from Europe, 
2336; publishing news of, 2375; and 
Parliament, 605, 1379, 2051, 2182; 
preservation of, 2386; prevents in- 

1776 1777 1778 

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60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2731 



Peace Continued. 

cursion of savages, 2388; prospects. 

983, 1272, 2145, 2197, 2226, 2227, 

2247, 231G, 2333, 2340 2344 2345; 

treaties, definitive, 226G, 2354, 

2357, 2358. 2417, 2445; prelimi 
nary or provisional. 2327, 2345, 

2358, 2359, 2368, 2369, 2372, 2378, 
2397. 

Vermont and the British, 2162. See 
also Parliament, Reconciliation, 
Staten Island conference. 

Peale, James, Capt. 1st Maryland regi 
ment, Letter to, 1044, 

Peanpack, see Pepacton. 

Peas, Robert, 174. 

Pease, 284, 296, 738, 2113, 2129. 

Peaslee, Zacchens, Ensign, 2nd Cana 
dian regiment, Letter from, 2396. 

Peck, Augustus, Private 4th Connecti 
cut regiment, 2128. 

Peck, Jedidiah, Private?, Post s New 
York artificer company. Letter from, 
2441. 

Peck, John, Lt., 2d Neto Jersey regi 
ment, 1024. 

Peck, William. Adj., 17th Continental 
infantry; brig. -ma j. and aid to Spen 
cer; col. and deputy adj. gen., Rhode 
Island troops, 56, 57, 736, 738. 

Peculations, see Theft. 

Pedee River (South Carolina), 1652, 
1702. 

Peekskill (New York), 221, 223, 224, 
230. 250. 254, 270. 272, 306, 314, 326, 
334, 349, 358, 386, 387, 392, 397, 413, 
427, 433, 459, 461, 527, 906, 908, 946, 
1008, 1081, 1084, 1085, 1091, 1101, 
1164, 1180, 1189, 1285, 1533, 1719, 
1742, 1806, 1845, 1874, 1929, 2199, 
2200; British raid on, 221, 277, 280, 
349, 396, 435, 933; command at, 312, 
313, 315; defense of, 364, 432, 440; 
express from Hartford, 2193 ; fortifi 
cations, 390; French march to, 1870; 
provisions at, 315; road and route 
to, 350, 2190, 2191 ; stores destroyed 
at, 281, 283; stores removed, 365; 
surprise danger, 1083; troops at, 
movements to and from, etc., 215, 
225, 269, 270, 272, 279, 280, 294, 327, 



Peekskill Continued. 
331, 333, 334, 337, 338, 342, 343, 349, 
353, 379, 394. 561, 993 ; view of vicin 
ity, 209. 

Peekskill Lauding (New York), 208. 

PEGGY, British merchant ship, 135. 

PEGGY, ship, 156. 

Pelissier, Christopher, Lt. col., Engi 
neers, Continental army, 235, 250, 
254, 263. 

Pell, John, Loyalist, Letter from, 1462. 

Pell, Phillips, Commissary of prisoners, 
New York, Letter from, 1514. 

Pellenger, Frederick, Col.?, New York 
militia, Letter from, 120. 

Pelton, Daniel, Lt., 3d New York regi 
ment, 187. 

Pelton, Philip, introduced to Washing 
ton, 401. 

Pemberton, Samuel, Justice of the 
peace, Suffolk county, Massachusetts, 
96. 

Penet, Pierre, French merchant; brevet 
It. col. and brevet aide to Washing 
ton, 613 ; commission, 305 ; with Con 
gress, 72; expenses, 73; presents to 
Washington, 469 606; supplies fur 
nished by, 72, 160. Letters from, 56, 
160, 317, 469. Letter to, 606. 

Penfield, Jesse, Letter to, 1494. 

Penn, William ( Wylapachaechon), Del 
aware Indian chief, Letter from, 
1678. 

Pennington, Judah, 2387. 

Penn s valley (Pennsylvania), 958. 

Pennsylvania, 48, 1021, 1310, 1679, 
1921, 2005, 2029, 2072, 2282, 2365; 
agents for purchases, 549 ; appeal to, 
1278; artillery repaid to, 2227; as 
sistance from. 1371, 1876; Associa- 
tors, 165, 168, 227; bank, see Bank; 
armed boats, see Navy, Pennsylva 
nia; boundary commissioners, 2021, 
2022; bundary dispute with Virginia, 
952, 978, 1290, 1315, 1564, 2090; 
bounty money, 1843; British foray 
in, 559; cattle, 1326; civil authori 
ties actions in the mutiny, 2413; 
claims arms, 615 ; clothing situation, 
1752 ; committee or council of safety, 
19, 212, 270, 271, 980; and Congress 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Pennsylvania Continued, 
regarding Arnold s trial, 980; coun 
cil, see executive council; counties, 
993, 1393; county lieutenants, 1390; 
delays in fulfilling promises made to 
mutineers, 1743 ; deserters, 1772 ; 
disputes with Congress. 987, 2412- 
2413; dispute with Connecticut, 
2294 ; election results, 2270, 2275 ; 

executive council or supreme ex 
ecutive council. 988, 1572, 1756 ; ap 
plications and petitions to, 1023, 
1335; and Arnold, 946, 949, 1004, 
. 1020 ; committee on Pennsylvania 
mutiny, 1663, see also Potter, 
James and Reed Joseph ; corre 
spondence with Armstrong 512 ; 
delays fulfilling promises to troops, 
1752; discharges militia, 880; im 
press authority from, 1009; letter 
from, 1393 ; letter to, 2413 ; supine- 
ness of, 1752; 

executive, president, 2270; Congress 
committee to confer with, 1673; dif 
ference with Congress, 2412-2413; 
letter to, 2413 ; flour, 811, 1471, 1497, 
1525, 1542, 1817, 1818; forage, 707, 
872, 1346; boundaries in. 235; 

frontier, 686, 990; alarmed, 
1733; defense, 1330, 1565; Indian 
raid on, 2378, 2388; 
horses, 1898 ; impress in, 1372, 1417. 
1425; inability to furnish teams, 
1372; inability to subsist cavalry, 
1033; Indian country, 920; Indian 
ravages, 691, 1507; 

inhabitants, 482, 513, 612, 893. 
1733, 1787; complaints, 507; dis 
putes with Convention troops, 883 ; 
enter Philadelphia. 554; hard 
ships, 507; Indian expeditions, 
958, 2090, 2123-2124, 2161; inter 
course with Philadelphia, 516, 533, 
551, 552, 554, 564, 597 ; lethargy of, 
1787; massacre Moravian and 
Delaware Indians, 2090; migrate 
down the Ohio, 1001 ; prisoners re 
turned from Canada, 2230; pro 
vides for officers, 1021; punish 
ment of, 510, 559, 562, 563, 578, 
597; removal from near British 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER-- _ 1-60 



Pennsylvania Continued. 

lines, 588; trade with enemy, 463. 
477, 500, 506, 510, 513, 524, 532, 533, 
559, 562, 564, 578, 588, 597; uneasy 
at attention paid the Dela wares, 
1631; villainy of, 540; Wabash 
settlement plot, 2011; 
ladies, see under Women ; laws, 1754, 
1874, 2413 ; 

legislature (Assembly), 969. 
1021, 1714, 1739, 1743. 1756, 1773: 
acts, laws, resolves, etc., 517, 718, 
942, 1787, 1843, 1861, 1870, 1889; 
increase, 83 ; power to impress, 
1032 ; willingness of, 1714 ; 
loyalists, 253 ; magazines and labora 
tories in, 235; manoeuvers in, 414, 
444; militia, sec under troops; navy, 
see Navy, Pennsylvania ; newspapers 
criticise Congress and St. Glair, 
2413; passports, 888 ; politics, 949; 
President, see under executive, presi 
dent supra; promises arms, 1591; 
protection of the country, 612, 1008; 
provisions in, 503; reenforcements, 
1068, 1897; seizures in, 543, 1574. 
1643; situation in, 438, 492, 493, 
541. 585; state house, 434; supplies, 
1326; suspected in connection with 
the mutiny, 2413; 

troops, 141, 976, 1021, 1039, 1259, 
1309, 1658, 1698, 1842, 1958, 2193, 
2307, 2316, 2416; absentees, 1231, 
1701 ; accounts, 2413 ; arrange 
ment, 1819; artillery, 1768, see 
also Artillery regiments; artillery 
artificers, 1242; brigades, 287, 
1041, 1367, 1552, 1560, 1892; cloth 
ing, 544, 551, 698, 998, 999, 1178, 
1207, 1600-1601, 1664, 1668, 1676; 
complaint against, 1521 ; condition 
of, 1999; conduct, 1521, 2416, see 
also line, mutiny; courts-martial, 
1839, 2135, 2431; deserters, 32. 
436, 437, 1343, 1484; discharges. 
1674, 1683, 1684. 1689, 1696, 1701, 

1704, 1743, 1754, 2448; discipline, 
1843-1844; dissatisfaction, 1503; 
drafts, 1442; enlistments, 210, 
1667. 1675. 1679, 1683, 1689, 1696, 

1705, see also recruits and recruit- 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2733 



Pennsylvania Continued. 

ing; furloughs, 1683, 1689, 1696; 
gratuity to, 1179; grievances, 
1661 ; huts, 1383, 1679, 1695 ; inde 
pendent companies, 1034, 1906, 
1913; killed, 1415, sec under Bat 
tles and Losses ; levies, 1396, 1900 ; 
line, 727, 728, 1096, 1104, 1448, 
1449, 1450, 1452, 1453, 1503, 1529, 
1600-1601, 1653, 1661, 1662, 1663, 
1664, 1665, 1666, 1667, 1669, 1670, 
1671, 1672, 1674, 1675, 1676, 1677, 
1678, 1679, 1680, 1681, 1682, 1683, 
1684, 1686, 1687, 1689, 1695, 1696, 
1700, 1701, 1702, 1708, 1713, 1714, 
1715, 1724, 1728, 1729, 1735, 1736, 

1737, 1745, 1752, 1753, 1754, 1775, 
1839, 1856, 1861, 1989, 2051, 2061, 
2093, 2412, 2413, 2414, 2416, 2420, 
2431, 2432, 2437; detachment, 
1728, 1729, 1730, 1735, 1736, 1737, 

1738, 1743, 1775, 1776, 1778, 1783, 
1784, 1787, 1790, 1791, 1795, 1800, 
2051; disbandment advised, 1670; 
discharge form, 1696; discharged, 
1674, 1683, 1684, 1689, 1701, 1704, 
1743, 1754; dissolution advised, 
1677; enlistments, 1679, 1689, 
1696, 1705, see also under recruits ; 
furlough form, 1696; mutinous 
spirit, 2093; mutiny, see under 
mutiny; officers, see under offi 
cers; rearrangement, 2242; reen- 
listment, 1675, 1683; refusal to 
move until paid, 1786 ; restoration 
of discipline in, 1843-1844; 

militia, 167, 346, 503, 580, 615, 616, 
620, 718, 793, 1958, 1999; arms, 
446, 500; assembles, called out, 
turned out, etc., 224, 260, 344, 346, 
403, 446, 1328, 1574, 1861, 1872, 
1958; attitude, 418; clothing and 
necessaries, 1900; command of, 
614; commissary for, 221; delay, 
260, 1872, 1900; discharged, 880; 
equipment, 446; escort Convention 
troops, 880, 883; for frontier de 
fense, 1330, 1565 ; guards, 571, 883, 
1041; movements, 446, 660, 1819, 
1842, 1847, 1853, 1900, 1919; offi 
cers, see under officers; order for, 



Pennsylvania Continued. 

562; reeuforcements, 447; regula 
tions, 940 ; spirit of, 357 ; strength, 
512, 586; villainy of, 540, see also 
Lacey, John, jr., and Potter, 
James ; 

mutineers, attitude, 1661; au 
thority reobtained over, 1674; 
British advance to aid, 1695 ; Brit 
ish attempt to rouse fear in, 1700; 
British emissaries to, 1668, 1670, 
1675; British emissaries seized, 
1670, 1671, 1672; British emis 
saries surrendered, 1674; British 
letter to, 1700; British promise 
back pay to, 1700; Clinton s pro 
posals to, 1670, 1700; clothing, 
1664, 1668, 1676 ; coertion, 1667 ; 

committee of sergeants, 1661, 
1666, 1667; address to Congress, 
1662 ; letters from, 1663, 1666 ; let 
ters to, 1663, 1665, 1666; to meet 
Pennsylvania council committee, 
1663 ; reliance on Wayne, 1664 ; 

conscious guilt of men respect 
ing their discharge oath, 1754; 
court - martial, 1839 ; demands, 
1668; discharge form, 1696; dis 
charges, 1663, 1664, 1668, 1674, 
1684, 1696, 1743, 1754; disposition 
toward British, 1665; enlistment 
question, 1679, 1683, 1705; exon 
erated, 1664 ; furlough form, 1696 ; 
grievances, 1661 ; injuries suffered 
from Congress, 1700; kill officers, 
1661 ; movements, 1661, 1663, 1670, 
1674 ; negotiations with, 1661, 1663, 
1672, 1679, 1684, 1696; oaths of en 
listment, 1683, 1754; organization, 
1668; pay, 1664, 1668, 1700; at 
Princeton, 1670 ; promises to, 1661, 
1700, 1743; proposals to, 1668; 
punishment of, 1661, 1668, 1743, 
1839 ; reenlistment promises, 1675 ; 
severity toward, 1700; efforts to 
stop, 1661; subjugation of, 1668, 
1678, 1679; surrender arms, 1679; 
sympathy with, 1677; terms to, 
1666, 1677, 1684; troops refuse to 
march against, 1677; troops sent 
against, 1675, 1679, 1680, 1682; 



1779 1780 1781 

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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Pennsylvania Continued. 

mutiny, 1661, 1662, 1669, 1670, 
1671, 1672, 1674, 1676, 1678, 1680, 
1681, 1683, 1687, 1694, 1703, 1704, 
1708, 1724, 1729, 1736, 1754, 2412, 
2413, 2414, 2420, 2431, 2432; Brit 
ish receive news of, 1663; causes, 
1686, 1752; conduct of officers, 
1670; correspondence of, 1665; 
court-niartial, 2431 ; difficulties 
caused by, 1713 ; effect of news in 
Boston, 1683; good effects from, 
1672 ; investigation difficulty, 2416 ; 
judge advocate needed, 2416 ; New 
Jersey troops feeling toward, 1665 ; 
progress of, 1675; prosecutions 
arising from, 2416; report on, 
1753; returns of, 1701; situation, 
1663, 1668, 1670, 1675, 1676, 1684; 
suppression, 1663, 1681, 1702, 1711, 
1856, 2413; 

officers, 315, 320, 321, 1041, 1232, 

1660, 1661, 1670, 1684, 1689, 1700, 
1708, 1989, 2061; arrangement, 
1683; board of, 1104; captains, 
1009, 1023, 1030, 1034, 1452; colo 
nels, 270, 271, 444; commanding 
officers, 1231; conduct, 1670; 
county lieutenants, 1390; court- 
martial, 2420; derangement, 1708, 
1713 ; dismissed, 1708 ; efforts with 
assembly, 1714; feeling among, 
1448 ; field, 1104, 1450, 1469, 2061 ; 
injuries, 741, 742, 1453, 1708, 1713 ; 
killed by mutineers, 1661 ; letters 
from, 1708, 1739; letters to, 270, 
444, 1010, 1023, 1231; memorials, 
400, 741, 1009, 1042, 1708; militia, 
221, 444; negotiating with muti 
neers, 1684 ; noncommissioned, 

1661, 1662, 1663, 1664, 1665, 1666, 
1674, 1675, 1696, 2093; commuta 
tion of pay, 2381 ; half pay, 1714 ; 
paymaster, 2379; the peace estab 
lishment, 2432; prisoners, 1714, 
1739 ; protest, 1449, 1469 ; quarter 
master, 2379; rank, 271, 397, 741, 
742, 1096, 1104, sec also under 
Rank; recruiting, 286, 551, 2061; 
remonstrance, 1714 ; resignations, 
1448, 1449, 1452, 1453, 1844 ; retire- 

1775 
Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Pennsylvania Continued. 

ment, 1714; sergeants, 161, 1674, 
1675, 2093; services, 1708, 1713; 
severity toward mutineers, 1700; 
State provision for, 1021; subal 
terns, 741, 742, 1452; supernumer 
ary, 1708; 

orders to, 145, 211; outrages 
committed by, 1484, 1521; pay, 
1664, 1668, 1786, 1787; privates. 
1696; promises to 1743, 1752; 
quota, 272, 943, 1252, 1393; re 
cruits, recruiting, raising troops, 
etc., 79, 261, 346, 1001, 1242, 1301, 
1380, 1390, 1393, 1416, 1683, 1689, 
1704, 1714, 1715, 1743, 1754, 1775, 
1781, 1787, 1861, 1868, 1870, 1889, 
1913, 1915, 1929, 1949, 1958, 2037, 
2050, 2058, 2061, 2069, 2085, 2172, 
2202, 2252, 2306; recruiting law, 
1754, 1874; reenforcements, 68, 
145; 

regiments, 507 ; formation, 1999 ; 
strength, 299, 1754. First regi 
ment, 272, see also De Haas, 
John Philip, and Hand, Edward, 
Second, 32, 260, see also De Haas. 
John Philip; Irvine, James, and 
Thompson, William. Third, 299, 
2379, see also Craig, Thomas, and 
Wood, Joseph. Fourth, 698, 998, 
1865, sec also Wayne, Anthony. 
Fifth, 391, see also Johnston, Fran 
cis. Sixth, 333, 406, see also 
Bicker, Henry; Humptou, Rich 
ard, and Irvine, William. Sev 
enth, 999, see also Grier, David. 
Eighth, 315, 320, 321, 327, 436, 437, 
927, sec also Brodhead, Daniel. 
Ninth, 260, see also Morris, An 
thony James, and Nagle, George. 
Tenth, 260, 1231, see also Hubley, 
Adam, and Penrose, Joseph. Elev 
enth, 260, 929, 1039, 1179, see also 
Hubloy, Adam, and Humpton, 
Richard. See also German Bat 
talion. Rifle corps, 841, 869, 1906, 
1913. 

returns, 927, 1565, 1701, 1768, 
1892, 2051, 2060, 2061; strength, 
1754, 1790; trouble with Virgiu- 



1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2735 



Pennsylvania Continued. 

ians, 1919; uneasiness, 727, 728; 
volunteers, 1S61 ; sec also under 
Pennsylvania, Associators ; 
all troops in discharged, 2448; wo 
men make donation to army, 1447, 
1633, 1663, 1715; letter from wo 
men s committee. 1740. 

Pennsylvania Gazette (The), 601, 608. 

Pennsylvania Packet (The). 1861. 

Pennybacker s Mills (Pennsylvania), 
430. 

Penobscot (Maine), 1021, 2389; and 
future boundary question, 2334; 
British evacuation, 2438; British 
garrison at, 1356 ; conditions at, 1349 ; 
correspondence on expedition, 2192; 
expedition against, 1112, 1129, 1132, 
1752, 1753, 1773, 1774, 1777, 1786, 
1787, 2102, 2177, 2180, 2190, 2200, 
2201, 2345; French design against, 
2177; intelligence from, 1330, 1346; 
strength, 2334. 

Penobscot River, 878. 

Penrose, Joseph, Col., 10th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 260. 

Pensacola (Florida), 1830; attack on, 
1255 ; British fleet gone to, 880 ; Brit 
ish garrison allowed to return to 
New York, 1959 ; British garrison at 
liberty to act against America, 1882 ; 
British reenforce, 1255; captured by 
Spanish, 1218, 1844, 1846, 1854, 1858, 
1867, 1882, 1888; cooperation with 
Spanish against, 1640; Spanish ex 
pedition against, 1294, 1522, 1555, 
1567, 1625, 1627, 1629, 1633, 1640, 
1650, 1660, 1662, 1666, 1668, 1673, 
1737, 1755, 1807, 1810 ; surrender of, 
1799 ; 1959 ; surrender terms, 1967. 

Pensions, 635, 2336, 2383, 2446, 2448, 
2449; memorial of general officers 
on, 1467; to widows, 884. 

Pepacton (New Jersey), 817. 

Perin, , Baron de, Col. of infantry, 

French army; chevalier of the Royal 
and Military Order of St. Louis, 
Letter from, 2456. 

Perkins, Ebenezer, Capt., 1st Connecti 
cut regiment, 1418. 



Perkins, William, Maj., 3d Continen 
tal artillery, 1301. Letters, from, 
1274, 1329. Letters to, 1202, 1304, 
1323, 1341. 

Permit, see Passport. 

Perote, , 1703. 

Perrot, Jean Baptiste, 137. 

Perry, David, Lt., 3d Connecticut regi 
ment, Letter from, 14. 

Perry, James, Capt., 28th Messachu- 
setts regiment, 179. 

Perth Amboy (New Jersey), 140, 1201. 

Pery, - , Storekeeper, French ar 
tillery in America, 1747. 

Pese. David, Justice of the peace, 
Orange county, New York, 932, 1227. 

Peters, Andrew, Capt., 15th Continen 
tal infantry; maj., 2d; It. col., 15th 
Massachusetts regiment, 200. 

Peters, Richard, Secy., Continental 
Board of War, Letter from, 451. 
Letter to, 1580. 

Petersburg (Virginia), 641, 648, 670, 
1249, 1325 ; hospital near, 1332, 1431 ; 
junction of British at, 1841; saving 
stores at, 1815; sick at, 1314; un- 
healthiness of, 1313. 

Peterson (Patterson), David, Lt., 14th 
Massachusetts regiment, 1075. 

Peterson. Gabriel, Lt., 8th Pennsylva 
nia regiment, Letter from, 1926. 

Peterson, , Physician, 362. 

Petri, William, Letter from, 397. 

Pettiaugers, see Boats. 

Pettingill, Joseph, Capt., Baldwin s 
and 9th Massachusetts regiment; 
maj., 9th and 1st Massachusetts, 17, 
502, 1122, 2138, 2450, 2451, 2452. 
Letter from, 2450. 

Pettit, Charles, Col., deputy quarter 
master general, 703, 734, 790; ac 
counts, 1858; controversy with offi 
cers, 764 ; manages minor personal 
matters for Washington, 1669, 1840; 
methods, 987; resignation, 1837, 
1858, 1865, 1869, 1889; Washington 
on his services, 1889. Letters from, 
733, 745, 752, 765, 789, 794, 796, 
1669, 1713, 1840, 1855, 1858, 1869. 
Letters to, 722, 730, 731, 732, 737, 
748, 756, 764, 1849, 1867, 1869, 1889. 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Pew, James, Middletown, New Jersey, 
loyalist, 2103. 

Peyster, see De Peyster. 

Peyton, Dade, Lt., 4th Continental dra 
goons, Letter from, 1086. 

Peyton, Henry, Capt., Lee s light dra 
goons, 1226, 1227, 1230. 

PHEBE, prize sloop, 37, 40, 50. 

Phelps, Davenport, Member Vermont 
legislature, 2132. 

Phelps, Elisha, Commissary of issues, 
Letter from, 15. 

Phelps, Jonathan, see Phillips. 

Phelps, Oliver, Boston merchant; Con 
tinental purchasing agent in Massa 
chusetts, 1475, 1872; appointed 
superintendent of beef purchases in 
Massachusetts, 1699, 1706; contract 
with Morris, 2075. Letters from, 
1468, 1640, 1659, 1706, 1811. Letters 
to, 1651, 1788, 1849, 2091. 

Phelps, Oliver & Co., Contractors for 
supplying army with provisions, 
Letters from, 2088, 2152, 2229. Let 
ter to, 2154. 

Phelps, Seth, Capt., J^th Connecticut 
regiment, 900. 

Phelps, William, Sergt., Silliman s Con 
necticut State regiment, 187. 

Philadelphia (Pennsylvania). 224, 226, 
227, 257, 263, 266, 281, 293, 296, 370, 
379, 381, 382, 385, 405, 424, 428, 470, 
489, 500, 503, 504, 528, 530, 534, 571, 
580, 586, 587, 619, 656. 671, 690, 740, 
775, 815, 841, 847, 863, 874, 883, 907, 
932, 941, 999, 1013, 1046, 1107, 1117, 
1130, 1144, 1154, 1156, 1162, 1178, 
1198, 1206, 1207, 1208, 1211. 1217. 
1219. 1234, 1283, 1303, 1307, 1332, 
1348, 1352, 1362, 1367, 1385, 1416, 
1468, 1508. 1513, 1569, 1597, 1614, 
1673, 1683, 1711, 1715, 1723, 1735, 
1795, 1822, 1838, 1863, 1874, 1881, 
1882, 1895, 1912, 1924, 1930, 1981, 
1986, 1987, 1994, 1996, 2003, 2008, 
2019, 2025, 2026, 2036, 2045, 2051, 
2062, 2076, 2084, 2094, 2099, 2106, 
2107, 2108, 2109, 2129, 2132, 2135, 
2161, 2167, 2171, 2177, 2180, 2184, 
2202, 2211, 2271, 2274, 2296, 2304, 
2306, 2309, 2317, 2325, 2331, 2332, 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER... _ 1-60 



Philadelphia Continued. 

2338, 2343, 2353, 2361, 2365, 2366, 
2368, 2372, 2380, 2384, 2392, 2411, 
2413, 2414, 2416, 2417, 2419, 2436. 
2443, 2444, 2445, 2446, 2457; alarm 
in, 421; army repair factory, 1032; 
Arnold s command in, 657, 949; 
artillery to go to, 1980 ; 

attack on, 475, 484, 485, 492, 495, 
496, 567 ; opinions on attacking, 

486, 487, 488 ; orders for, 505 ; plan, 

487, 490; practicability of, 493, 
494, 495, 496, 497 ; 

blankets collected in, 423; 

British and, 644; attempt on, 
1958; billetted on inhabitants, 
489, 502; capture, 426; Corn- 
wallis returns to, 491; British 
designs and intentions against, 
259, 269, 338, 382, 1958, 1960; en 
try into, 483 ; embarkation at, 482 ; 
evacuation, 617, 618, 621, 622, 628, 
631, 633, 635, 636, 637, 639, 647, 
649, 651, 652; expeditions from, 
476, 477; expeditions return to, 
486, 508, 509, 510, 515; communi 
cation with fleet, 444, 456, 457, 
459 ; fleet sails from, 575 ; supplies 
from fleet, 453; fortifications, 480, 
482, 500, 639; move on, 274, 337, 
1958; movement in, 515; move 
ment toward opposed, 424 ; posi 
tion, 482, 487 ; British prisoners in, 
1480, 1731, 1762, 1763, 1794; Ger 
man and Hessian prisoners in, 
1731, 1746, 1762, 1763, 1836, 1848- 
1849; provisions sent to, 456; re- 
enforcements embarked for, 485; 
retirement from, 451; requests to 
go to, 2205, 2219 ; route of march 
from, 640; shipping at, 487; ships 
leaving, 510 ; situation in, 494 ; 
stores destroyed, 638, 639; 
strength in, 477, 479, 481, 482, 491, 
493, 564, 649 ; supplies left in, 653 ; 
troops sent to New York from, 
520, 522; 

cattle into, 556; cavalry, 1376; cav 
alry to assist Hamilton in, 422 ; con 
dition in, 443 ; confusion in, 218, 253 ; 
Congress leaves, 219, 2449 ; Congress 

1776 1777 1778 

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INDEX 



2737 



Philadelphia Continued. 

returns to, 256; defense and de 
fenses, 281, 288, 390, 391, 392, 716, 
sec also under fortifications ; dis 
tress in, 475 ; entered by Continental 
troops, 635, 654; evacuation, 430, 
sec also under British and supra; 
expectations in, 1326; ordered fired 
upon, 425; flour sent into, 539, 540; 
fortifying and fortifications, 218, 673, 
674, 758, 824, 977, see also under de 
fense and defenses; French officers 
desire to visit, 1611; garrison, 965; 
guards, 661, 710, 876, 969; horses 
removed, 422; hospital at, 237, 778; 
impress in, 424; Indian chiefs visit, 
1001; inhabitants going into, 553, 
5 54, 578, 580; inhabitants captured 
attempting to go into, 559, 563, 597; 
inhabitants leaving town, 475 ; intel 
ligence, information, news, reports, 
etc., from 456, 475, 489, 493, 500, 
502, 515, 526, 527, 570, 615, 619, 
635, 643, 650, 2412 ; intercourse with 
the country, 430, 505, 506, 508, 516, 
533, 539, 551, 552, 562, 578, see also 
under trade with ; light horse, 1376 ; 
linen purchased in, 1020; loss of, 
426; loyalists, 1828; loyalists bat 
talion, 475; mail time to Boston, 
2125; measures taken by Congress 
on British evacuation, 639; mer 
chants, 1401, 1590, 1729, 2057; mili 
tary post at, 2453 ; newspapers, 890, 
2446; officers in, 695, 699; ordnance 
stores, 1980; permits, requests, etc., 
to enter, 1380, 2184, 2232, 2310; 
prices in, 474, 475 ; prisoners in, 475, 
476, 488, 532, 612, 619, 621 ; prisoners 
sent to, 1836 ; property protection in, 
639, 657 ; 

provisions, supplies, stores, etc., 
463, 473, 1975; carried into, 456, 
465, 506, 513, 527, 530, 537, 539, 
543, 564; destroyed, 638, 639; re 
moved, 218, 293; scarcity, 475; 
seized, 1643; 

Quakers going into, 578, 580; re 
cruits and recruiting, 287, 1380; 
roads and routes to, 449, 559, 1931 ; 
rum in, 1785 ; seizures in, 1643 ; ship- 



Philadelphia Continued, 
ping removed, 422 ; town-major, 695 ; 
trade with, 524, 525, 546, 582, 588, 
620, see also under intercouse ; troops 
in, 240, 307, 322, 340, 456, 698, 699, 
782, 924; troops move toward, 377, 
379, 381, 383, 1883 ; villainy in, 1828 ; 
wagons, 456, 1503; women subscribe 
money for soldiers, 1387, see also 
under Women. 

Philadelphia county (Pennsylvania), 
wagons, 571, 883. 

Philanthropic Society, see American 
Philosophical Society. 

Philipse (Phillips) House (Hudson 
River, New York), 784, 788, 1041, 
1375, 1376, 1377, 2179; Carleton vis 
its, 2233. 

Philipse Manor (Hudson River, New 
York), 1384, 1413, 1690. 

Phillips (Phelps), Jonathan, Capt., 2d 
New Jersey regiment, 1708. 

Phillips (Philips), Joseph, Col., New 
Jersey militia, Address from, 201. 
Letter to, 195. 

Phillips, Samuel, Capt., Richmond s 
Rhode Island regiment, 398. 

Phillips, Simon, Deputy quartermaster 
general, 1086. 

Phillips, William, May. gen., British 
army, 701, 823, 896, 905, 1161. 1189, 
1272, 1277, 1371, 1550, 1556, 1627; 
arrest, 657, 658, 777, 823; astonish 
ment at Lafayette s celerity, 1813; 
attitude of, 985 ; authority, 657 ; case 
of, 835, 842; commission, 657; con 
duct, 777, 823, 1153; cooperation 
against, 1837; 

correspondence, with Canada, 
1154 ; with Carter, 860 ; with Clin 
ton, 673; with Heath, 825; with 
Lafayette, 1813, 1843; with New 
York, 910, 911; 

death of, 1835, 1836, 1844; detach 
ment under, 1783, 1791, 1794 ; escort, 
888; exchange, 626, 1568, 1579; ap 
pointed exchange commissioner, 
1209, 1256; on exchange of Conven 
tion troops, 899; exchange negotia 
tions through, 1215, 1264, 1279, 1307, 
1504. 1539, 1545, 1568, 1692; guard 



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2738 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



Phillips, William Continued, 
for, 882; junction with Cornwallis, 
1820; journey. 865, 891, 1149, 1188, 
1189; meeting with Lincoln, 1450. 
1483, 1523, 1532, 1533, 1535, 1545, 
1548, 1569; goes to New York on 
parole, 1108, 1144, 1152, 1153, 1182, 
1188, 1189; opinion of Washington s 
fairness, 1153; parole, 654, 657, 658, 
660, 1108, 1182, 1189; passport, 722, 
840, 1523; plan against Richmond, 
1820 ; position, 1831 ; private affairs, 
722; query, 1145; rage, 1843; re 
marks on complaint of treatment of 
prisoners, 1419 ; requests indulgence 
to Convention officers, 1487; suc 
ceeded by Robertson, 1844; treat 
ment, 654, 660, 825, 1149. Letters 
from, 652, 655, 657, 659, 660, 669, 
698, 710, 712, 722, 759, 770, 865, 891, 
898, 899, 903, 910, 911, 913, 934, 
1052, 1066, 1069, 1132, 1135, 1143, 
1149, 1153, 1154, 1164, 1165, 1188, 
1211, 1218, 1235, 1258, 1267, 1353, 
1367, 1368, 1396, 1424, 1477, 1523, 
1539, 1545, 1552, 1569, 1580, 1596, 
1626, 1633, 1642, 1648. Letters to, 
500, 651, 654, 657, 658, 700, 709, 711, 
768, 835, 888, 904, 909, 911, 1126, 
1143, 1152, 1182, 1213, 1226, 1380, 
1487, 1533, 1589, 1602, 1634, 1637, 
1669. 

Phillips House and Manor, see Phil- 
ipse. 

Phillipsburg (New York), 1886, 1924, 
1952, 1964, 2245. 

Phillipsburg Patent (New York), 738. 

Phinney (Finney), Edmund, Col., Mas 
sachusetts regiment and 18th Conti 
nental infantry, 104, 345. Letter 
from, 74. Letter to, 39. 

Phoenix, Cornelius, Sea captain, 974. 

Physical treatises, see Books. 

Physicians, 1099, 2165 ; needed, 2412. 

Piatt, Daniel, Maj., 1st New Jersey 
regiment, Letter to, 1217. 

Piatt, John, Lt. and adj., 5th Pennsyl 
vania regiment, 2069. 

Picaroons, 1784, 2000. 

Pickens, Andrew, Brig, gen., South 
Carolina militia, 1740. 



1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBEU _ 1-60 



Dickering, Timothy, jr. (Pickering was 
Timothy, jr., until June 7, 1778), 
Col., Massachusetts militia; adj. 
gen., Continental army; member, 
Board of War, Continental Con 
gress; col. and quartermaster gen 
eral, Continental army, 356, 421, 437, 
524, 1120, 1126, 1132, 1133, 1136, 
1137, 1293, 1400, 1448, 1476, 1499, 
1538, 1552, 1645, 1655, 1661, 1678, 
1684, 1687, 1776, 1793, 1S02, 1803, 
1811, 1824, 1913, 1936, 1973, 1981, 
2010, 2018, 2027, 2072, 2155, 2231, 
2264, 2312 ; absence from camp, 1450, 
1514, 1531, 2117, 2306, 2422, 2425; 
the adjutant generalship, 280, 288, 
291, 301, 313 ; appointed quartermas 
ter general, 1450 ; to arrange sup 
plies for campaign, 2114; arrange 
ments, 2031 ; arrest, 2311, 2315, 2321 ; 
arrives at camp, 1545; British mili 
tary chest at Yorktown turned over 
to, 1974, 1977; calls for clothing, 
1756; his certificates, 1759, 2321; in 
charge of western posts, 2425, 2429, 
2430; consultation with Knox and 
Greene, 934; to correct proof of 
Steuben s regulations, 961; corre 
spondence with Beville, 2113; criti 
cisms, 1679; delay in joining the 
army, 1500, 1513, 2082, 2064, 2102, 
2117, 2132; dispute with Hazen and 
Heath, 1713; efforts, 1615, 1892, 
2096; estimates, 1785, 1825, 2023, 
2032, 2033, 2328; explains halting 
the army, 1886; fails to obtain 
money from Congress, 1785 ; finan 
cial engagements, 2338; inability to 
negotiate Morris notes, 2096; in 
ability to pay, 2132 ; ideas on a mili 
tary school at West Point, 2379; in 
structions, 1825; lacks knowledge 
of stores on hand, 1489; lacks 
money, 1489, 1795, 2132; measures, 
1822, 2430 ; motive, 1756 ; opinion on 
militia, 2379; opinion on peace es 
tablishment of the army, 2379; or 
dered to discharge his supernu 
merary officers, 2448; ordered to 
furnish supplies, 2440; ordered to 
join the army, 330, 1943, 2117, 2422 ; 

1776 1777 1778 

Pages Pages Pages 

60-137 229-354 515-675 

137-229 354-515 675-894 



INDEX 



2739 



Pickering, Timothy, jr. Continued, 
ordered to join- Lafayette, 1946 ; or 
ders sale of provisions to obtain 
money for transportation, 1790 ; per 
mitted to go to Philadelphia, 2338; 
queries, 1679; reports, 2255, 2411; 
requests directions, 1892, 2430, 2454 ; 
requests information, 1603 ; requests 
to go to Philadelphia, 1723, 2271; 
requests Washington s opinion, 2049; 
responsibility for stoppage of quar 
termaster department activity, 1795 ; 
sentiments expressed to Congress, 
1 801 ; suggestions for general orders, 
1912; suit against, 2338; wife s ill 
ness, 2271. Letters and orders from, 
288, 291, 814, 10S6, 1148, 1450, 1489, 
1552, 1571, 1599, 1615, 1653, 1679, 
1684, 1685, 1688, 1689, 1694, 1713, 
1722, 1723, 1783, 1785, 1790, 1793, 
1795, 1799, 1801, 1806, 1816, 1818, 
1821, 1822, 1825, 1826, 1836, 1855, 
1876, 1886, 1892, 1898, 1912, 1922, 
1928, 1963, 1976, 2022, 2032, 2034, 

2038, 2039, 2044, 2049, 2050, 2052, 
2066, 2074, 2096, 2102, 2113, 2114, 
2116, 2132, 2188, 2205, 2241, 2243, 
2246, 2255, 2262, 2263, 2268, 2270, 
2271, 2315, 2328, 2329, 2335, 2338, 
2349, 2355, 2360, 2362, 2379, 2411, 
2429, 2430, 2431, 2441, 2445, 2451, 
2454. Letters, orders, and instruc 
tions to, 72, 280, 301, 313, 477, 503, 
1460, 1477, 1531, 1599, 1605, 1614, 
1615, 1617, 1641, 1655, 1658, 1663, 
1665, 1679, 1680, 1687, 1689, 1693, 
1702, 1703, 1707, 1711, 1712, 1713, 
1714, 1716, 1717, 1723, 1727, 1759, 
1760, 1779, 1780, 1792, 1798, 1801, 
1803, 1804, 1806, 1812, 1815, 1817, 
1820, 1822, 1823, 1825, 1849, 1852, 
1853, 1857, 1871, 1875, 1899, 1914, 
1943, 1946, 1960, 1968, 1980, 1989, 
2004, 2005, 2009, 2030, 3031, 2035, 

2039, 2042, 2043, 2062, 2064, 2068, 
2071, 2115, 2117, 2122, 2205, 2206, 
2214, 2222, 2274, 2306, 230S, 2326, 
2328, 2338, 2355, 2410, 2420, 2422, 
2423, 2424, 2425, 2430, 2432, 2440, 
2441, 2448. Warrant to, 1990. 
Drafts and copies by, 340, 429. J 



Pickets (Patrols, Videttes), 416, 463, 
500, 513, 672, 688, 744, 746, 781, 874, 
887, 921, 1409, 1623, 1907, 2243, 2261 ; 
advantage in covering country by, 
1010; attacked, surprised, etc., 383, 
717, 1240; 

British, 296, 434, 480, 2281; at 
tack on, surprised, etc., 504, 613, 
768, 775, 1115; captured, 223, 505, 
506, 789, 1729 ; drawn in, 479 ; po 
sition, 767; 

captured, loss of, etc., 328, 480, 509, 
532, 748, 781, 783, 1347, 2375; cav 
alry, 1242, 1251; danger to, 1239; es 
tablished, 882, 1241, 1501; Indian 
attack on, 381, 382; orders, 598, 
1923 ; orders in case of attack, 1491 ; 
position, 519, 633, 1358, 1368, 2227; 
regulations, 1518, 1656; released by 
British, 2375 ; report, 1907 ; of roads, 
1358, 1616; skirmishes, 356, 487; in 
western district, 2090. 

Pickles, 54, 2319. 

Picquet, La Motte, Ad ml., French navy, 
1282. 

Pierce, John, jr., Deputy paymaster 
general and paymaster general, 1113, 
2014, 2416 ; notes refused, 2060. Let 
ters from, 851, 907, 924, 1634, 1718, 
1757, 1900, 2323, 2351, 2365, 2394, 
2415. Letters and instructions to, 
849, 885, 1057, 1059, 1226, 1772, 1815, 
1946, 2309, 2315, 2348, 2350, 2367. 

Pierpont, Joseph, Lt., Thair s Massa 
chusetts militia, 1512. 

Pierson, John, Lt., J^th New Jersey 
regiment, 916. 

Pigot, Hugh, Vice adml., British navy, 
2223, 2224, 2225. 

Pigot, Sir Robert, Maj. gen., British 
army, 742, 773, 789; handbill, 608. 
Letter from, 608. 

Pike, Zebulon, Lt. ana capt., 4th Con 
tinental dragoons, Letters from, 676, 
1413. 

Pike, - , Sergt., Continental army, 
1497. 

Pikes, 523, 1161. 

Pillaging, sec Plundering. 

Pilots, 729, 1168, 1407, 1658, 1908, 1965, 
1966, 1977; assembly, 1910; Boston, 



1779 1780 1781 

Pages Pages Pages 

894-1065 1213-1382 1658-1879 

1065-1213 1383-1658 1879-2014 



1782 1783 

Pages Pages 

2014-2160 2312-2412 

2160-2312 2412-2460 



2740 



LIBEARY OF CONGRESS 



Pilots Continued. 

runs Magnifique ashore, 2200; dif 
ficulty of, 1963; for French fleet, 
685, 689, 695, 738, 1146, 1147, 1393, 
1725, 1731, 1908, 1909; at headquar 
ters, 1384; impressed by British, 
748; needed, 1763, 1934; opinion on 
obstructing New York channel, 2199 ; 
pay, 738, 1934; rendezvous, 1394; 
safety, 1920; secrecy, 1908; for 
Spanish, 772; station, 1919, 2017. 

Pilsbury, Daniel, Capt,, 6th Massachu 
setts regiment, 2286. Letter from, 
2305. 

Pinchers, 1784. 

Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, Col., 
1st South Carolina regiment, intro 
duced to Washington, 358. Letter 
from, 1949. Letter to, 1954. 

Pinckney, Thomas, Maj., aide to Gates, 
1805, 1824. 

Pine, William, Lt., Graham s? Neiv 
York militia regiment, 810, 814, 828. 

Pine (Pine s) Bridge (Westchester 
county, New York), 1130, 1131, 1132, 
1147, 1446, 2207, 2210. 

Pintard, Lewis, Agent or commissary 
for American prisoners in Neio York 
city, 238, 1052, 1055, 1352, 1360; ap 
pointment, 1602, 1609, 1630, 1634, 
1641; case of, 1300; difficulties, 
1286; family, 1609, 1630; residence 
in New York, 1399, 1407; parole re 
quirement, 1288; situation, 699; 
status of, 1267; threatened by Brit 
ish, 1630. Letters from, 895, 12S6, 
1609, 1630, 1641. Letters to, 1264, 
1602, 1634. 

Pioneers, 1620; British, 2122. 

Pipe, see Captain Pipe. 

Pirates, see Picaroons. 

Piscataway (New Hampshire), 40. 

Piscataway (New Jersey), 315, 316, 
318. 

Pistols, 523, 527, 548, 618, 642, 1853; 
holsters, 1503, 1505; needed, 675; 
powder, 46; presented to Washing 
ton, 1136, 1142. 

Pitcairne (Pitcairn), Thomas, Capt., 
82d Foot, British army, 1318. 

Pitt, Samuel, 292, 298. 

1775 

Pages 

JANUARY-JUNE 1 

JULY-DECEMBER 1-60 



Pitt, William, Earl of Chatham, 394, 
632. 

Pitts, John, of Massachusetts, 49. 

Pittsburg (Pennsylvania), 917, 1621; 
apprehension caused by withdrawal 
of troops, 1721; civil authority, 
1001, 2090; Indian murdered at, 
1024; 

inhabitants, British seduce, 
1792 ; complain of Brodhead, 1921 ; 
immigrate, 1024; petition, 2037; 
sell liquor to Indians, 1024; will 
ing to go to Detroit, 1688 ; 
loyalist, 1631, 1731; martial law at, 
1001 ; supplies at, 995. See also Fort 
Pitt. 

Pixly, Eli, Private, 9th Massachusetts 
regiment, 401. 

Placey, William, Private, 7th Connecti 
cut regiment, 281, 287. 

Planks, see Boards. 

Plans, see Maps. 

Plantier, , see Du Plantier. 

Platt, Richard, Maj., aide to McDou- 
gall; deputy quartermaster, 1430, 

1768, 1769, 1777, 2006, 2019; serv 
ices, 2435; successor to, 1876. Let 
ters from, 313, 332, 1732, 1764, 1768, 

1769, 1772, 1778, 1802, 2376, 2406, 
2435. Letters to, 1734, 1766, 1770, 
1778, 1802, 2437. 

Pliarne, Emanuel de, French mer 
chant, 73. Letters from, 56, 72, 305. 

Plots, to abduct Reed, 2023 ; to assassi 
nate Washington, 2023, 2027; loyal 
ist, 1750, 1755, 1765, 176