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KNIGHT OF FRANCIS JOSEPH; C.M.I.Il.G.S.A. ; M.Z.B.S.V.; kc, ic, &c.] 



}\\h\ ilu in hi llcilijjtfiuiti mti '^0\\ti iltinsq. so l«it< kiit\[ ^ptatlt< 

^ B If ^ il -? 






. v' 

#9 ^^^-v^^^^ 




Tlie first letter of the Eng'lisli Alphabet, :^t^ 
' ^#"^^ ; i(s hroiid and open sound is ex- 
pressed by ^ or lijij. A. llie indefinite article 
is expressed ))y the uunieral — , and is followed 

by the Classifier defining the noun; as: 

a band of robbers, — '^Fl^Pjil : a Ijean, —''^jlTl '■ ^ 
blow of hand, —Tf^: a lioat, — Ulit:; a book, 
— 'p1)S' • '1 hot tie. — 'f!i],}@ : a ))onqnet of flowers, 
— gg:^ ; a broom, —^llifflfl : a binidle of peneiis, 
— 'i^Lsjs ; a bundle of straw, —^^t'^c^^^ ; a Ijurden 
(of &c., &e.), — Jg ; a cannon. —^f^'M ', ^ f'^p, — ' 
Jgipl ; a carriage. — *|g (tH or ^| ,E|^ : a cash. 
-*35Cj^ ■> ^ cliair. — 5m ; a clod of earth. — ^ 
}jt ; a cluster (or bundle) of incense sticks, — ^ 
^ : a criminal, — :g JQ : a decree, ±|t— H ; a 
dog, —gjfi) : a dollar, —^^ : a door, — JgP^; 
a double-edged sword. ^ P iSS : a dress, — #^; 
a fan, —^^B ; ^ fr'^st, —JftHM ; a fish, -^^im) 
^, : a Hock of sheep, — |f-^ : a flock of birds. 
"-"ll'iS ' '^ game of chess, — ^fjt ; a gentle- 
man, — fi^; a gong. — [Hitl: a government 
officer, —^"^ ; a horse, — E.Wj ; a house, — fg^ 
M ; a knife. —/Jf JI : a lamp. —^Ji : a leaf 
(of a book), — ^ : a letter, —fiffa ; a man, — 
10 A; a lump of beef, —^i^^ : a mosquito 
curtain, — '^$>Ci^ ; a needle, —fjl^f ; a nolile 
affair, — '^H^ : a numljer of people. — Jff; A. 
— ff-A; a packet of paper, -^'ellK: a pagoda. 
—iM.i^- a pairof shoes, — gfH: a pair of blank- 
ets, — '^V^fl; a pair of trousers, — (i^^fijl; a 
pane of glass, _^^3glg; a pearl, -.^^'j^; a 
pencil, —^ (^) ^ : a piece of calico, — /Eflj : 
a piece of cloth, — /P^tJ '• a piece of ground, — 
^iiM : a plant of Ijamboo. —^fj : a jilaster, — 
^%'M ; a play (one act of.). — ^£-|^ : a proces- 

sion, &c., &c., — ^^g, : a jiuft" of smoke, — | 
'Jtg; a qnire ofj)aper. — JUK: a river, — (^ffPT; 
a room, — f^^;^ : a row of Ijoats. —iy^n '• a I'ow 
of trees, — t$ta}/i^ ; a sedan chair, —^1^ ; a set 

of liooks. — 'S^: a set of instruments. —51] 
^M. ; a S'^ction of regulations, —^C^f^ : a sen- 
tence. — "iris's' ; a sheet of paper, -"Jl.fJt '• a shirt, 
— #ff t-^; a shoal of fish, —f'^'^X '■ a shower of 
rain. — J^pjJ ; a slab of stone, — ^^ ; a spot of 
rust, — '^alf : a small piece of wood, — )r^' 
a star, — ,|i5M ; a story (of house), -^^ ; a suc- 
cession of doors, fJI3^P^: a suit ofclothes, — ^ 
W '^M ■■ a swarm ofb.'es. — -^^Hsl; a sword, 
- p fij : a table. -^JJIM : a teacher, -f4^^ : 
a tree, --^^(;j;^or f^) fj ; a volume. —:^^ ; a 
(large) volume. —^^ : a wall. — ipsfl : a year, 
~^if : (twice a year, — ^]^^)-* 

A, after a verl), to go a hunting, ^ff^. 

A. ]).. anno clomini (in the year of our Lord), JIJ 
f3slif1!£ : A. ]\[., anti mr.ridian (before noon), 
J-^ : A. M.. artium mn^isier (master of arts). 

Aback, aJv. fg^. [^A- 

Abaction, «. f,jj4^(fi-p^ffit^iM^|!i4K«±i{)i). 

Abactor. «. {|fiji^. \^£. 

Abacus, n. ^|f . !^>M: \ to work the aljacus. ^J^ 

Abaft, prep. Towards the stern. fJJ^, figlS^. 

Al)aisance. ?!. 5f • '^'ce Obeisance. 

Abalienate. v. t. To sell. 'R-i-. ^SVe Alienate. 

Abandon, r. t. "^.f 5. ff'igill. %^ ; to abandon 
a wife, 1^^ ; to abandon one's property. ^^ ; 
to part with, ^; I cannot jart with you.PE^ 
f#M- to abandon one's right or privilege, to 
give precedence, U; to waive ono"s right to a 
throne or post of liononr, f^fi. ^fi ; to reject, 
513^; to leave, jfil^; to relinquish entirely, ^ 

* In the court dialect {ITIS) the cliaracter ^ is added to 
the noun or we may say that in that with or without the 
cUassiiier most nouns end in ^: as ^^-, a law, a 2^attcrn ; 
^--f-, a roniii ; fllq^ , a cap, a hat, ifrc. AVriters on this dia- 
lect should study this sulijeot more carefully and point it 
out to the students, or commence making a collection of the 
words which absolutely requu'e the ending in •^. 

t ^ is more frequently used with reference to property 
a-.d other objects ; ^ with reference to affection. 




J^; to abanflon one's solf or to give one's self up 
toviee, e^. 0^0^. 
Abandonetl,*pp. oi-fl. Depraved, -(fijlf ; dissolute, 
jgfgf : dissi patted, tlifjx: an aLandimed fellow, 

^i^K'^IS-'-filff : ""•■'■''*i''i'iy'^- *iS^S; lost, ^ 

"J*: I am forsaken, ^,A'mlM^- 
Abandoner. n. 51^- 
Abandonment, f n. ^^■ 
Abase, v.t. To degrade, SUll^.^T-lf 1^ : to abase 

the flag, ^J5|t; <o a))ase one's self, g ^. gf ! 

to depress. Jjg^g ; to ))id abase, J^, ti^. 
Abash, v.t. To make ashamed, ^'tl. •(^^^.Jfi:, 

Abashed, 7)/;. Ashamed, ^^'tt- JLflSS : mortified. 

Abate, r. «. or ('. ()^. <gc|^ ; to al>ate the jiriee. jj^^. 
i^ljj^ij; to abate (lessen) a little, l^^'.j. (J^'J;, Wt 
& : would not abate a mite. — ^/f^M ■ hi abate 
one's pride, i|A,'?gfSc: to cast down, ^J^ : to 
shorten (as a task). W^i'^: U) aliate in rigour. 
t^Wi'- li'S P'li" abates. f^M'P'^- tl'f' i^'o™ 
abates. |1^,|, : to deduct. |5;5^. jp. 

Alwtement, ?*. IlJ, ;s3<gc'i/"> i^S' '^fi-J : tl><^ aljf>te- 
ment of taxes. H^^. 

Abater, n. '<)^# : the abater of the price, MH^- 

Abator. «. Mfii'M^)- 

Aliatude. ,i. JiJiJi,t:^. (i'J;^-. 

Abli. n. ig. 

Abbacy. «. fft"^'- 'in alibofs residenee, ■^. 

Abbess, n. f^±- }^jtli^\ ^ mother-abbess, MM- 

Abbey, ?;. A Budhist monastery, ^, J^^', a 
Tauist al)bey. ^ ; a Eoman Catholic abbey, |f 

Abbot, V. The superior of a Budhist monastery. 

* As an attribute a?)an(?0Hcd is in colloquial expres.sed liy 
6|j lieing added to all the compounds given under this head, 
as : SdEtflfj : when \ is added to flij or ^ substituted for 
6!jAj i' signifies an abandoned, dissolute or depraved fellow. 

f We must here once for all remark, that substantives can 
oiil\' be recognized by their position and by the predicate. 
Thus3g§ may mean the abandoner, abandonment or aban- 
doning. In speaking of abandonment in a bad sense, we 
would say M^&M'Sl^tM.^- 'J-'lie abandonment (we speak 
of) is tlie vice of abandoning one's relatives; in speaking 
of the abandoner, we would say M^U^:^S.k^\'& (t'le 
abandoner of his relatives is not worthy to lie called man). 
In a third form of construction the substantive is expressed 
in the possessive case, as :— M;^"^'3i# (the abandonment 
of your i-elatives, or the fact of your abandoning your rela- 
tives, &c.). Hence, if we wish to comment on llie substan- 
tive, :^ always follows the word it so qualifies ; but if we wish 
to counnent on the actor or on the action, tlie object, often 
preceded by the possessive (fy,-;^, comes betv.onn the verb, 
adjective, &c., and the relative pronoun ^ forming the sub- 

if it- i± W- ^ #• fa t^^ BI : the superior of a 
Eoman Catholic monastery, ffii^t^l^g. 

Abluwiate, v.t. In writing, ^■^iS.'MM^^f^S^^ 
ilik-f^S-JfcS'S-'-^i^ ■• to condense, as in an 
pssay. ^,±mMWM- ^it^fE- 

Aljbreviated, jrp. or o. 'iJ^'-^; an abbreviated ex- 
pression, f^^: an alibreviated character, ^^. 

A))breviation. 7;. J?^ |t . JS^ ^ : alibreviation. ab- 
stract, compendium. 3^5' :k^- S§' ^b", 

Abbreviator. n. ^M^^- S^^^. 

Alibreviature, v. M¥il- :k.^- 

A, B, C, The Alphabet, ^-^ ; elementary learn- 
ing, 1^!^ ; to learn the Alphabet, ^^ ; in geo- 
metry the letters a, b, c. &c. are represented by 
the j^-f-. the celestial stems. 

Abdicant. „. iJ^fi. 

Abdicate, v.t. To give up (as a right), |^. ff, ^, 
^: to abdicate a tbrone, to abdicate in favour 
of another. |J fi. ^ fi, || ft : to resign an 
office, i^^t m±. ®ff4- mm- iift- m'M: to 
announce one's resignation, ^f^: other terms 
for to intimate one's resignation are : (old age), 
^-^- SfiffI : (attending on one's aged parents), 
^i^^ : (to declare one's self sick), -g-^. 

Abdication, n. Iffi. f/fcgi:^. 


Abdomen. n. Ht^: alidouien small, jjxjg, j^^: 

viscera of the alidomen. ll^lllff. 
Abdominal, a. )J|{. i]i$j_. * 
Abdiice, v.t. To draw away. t]\^. ^-^ ; to seduce, 

to decoy, ^■^-^^^: to mislead (by words), 

IjE ; to decoy and sell. |S'^. 
Abducent, a. Contracting. |fg. ^'^\ an abducent 

muscle, IfffJllllL. 
Abduction, n. The act of drawing away or apart, 

?|-^- l^i- P^Jli : abduction of a j^erson's wife, 

Abductor, „. tS-ifS: :^bductor (muscle), JgJSE- 

Abecedarian, n. Une who teaches the A, B, C, ^'-^ 

ifj: :g ; one wiio learns the A, B, C, -ft??^ # ^ ; one 

* The adjective terminativcs cannot be expressed other- 
wise than by the simple noun. When, therefore, a quality of 
a noun is to be expressed, another noun with or without the 
possessive ;^, fi<J or (in Punti) Sg[ precedes the same and 
assumes the qunlity ofau adji^ctive, as : — fh^j the abdomen; 
)ltlfe"^SWi •'"' "•I'Joniiiial viscera. ^, helongiiitj to, is often 
used to change the noun into an adjective. The predicative 
adjective leaves tlie noun unchanged, as: — ^, goodness; 
jS^i to ''^ good, luqiliony and perspicuity, liowever, de- 
mand sometimes tlie addition of fl|j, or in Punti colloquial 




who acquires elementary knowledge, ^ll^^A- 
Abed, adv. ]^±, I^J^Al- Sffi ; to lie, ^ 

Aberrance, n. i^JE, ^$b ; an error, ^Ig. 
Aberrant, a. Straying from the right way, ^^lE 

Aberration, n. Deviation from the right way, -^ 
iES§. frfa : aberration of (lie rnvs of iiiiht, ^ 

Aberruncatc. r.t. To pull up by liie root. |^tft,(5f^ 

vVlict, r.t. To give encouragement liv aid. ^](//. 
#;j|/;, W;- mil} ; <« iut-i<^ iS*.^, I|/;iM : l" give 
encouragement by counsel, Upj, ^^|^- 

Alietment, «. The act of giving encouragement 
by aid. '^^j] ; incitement. 'i^.^,|^i|i; the ren- 
dering of ai^sistance, ^H/;. 

Abettor, n. One who incites. Pntt'ZtlJii^; "ni? 
who gives counsel, gJU^^' ; one \\\ui aids in a 

Abeyance, n. E.xpcclation. l?j|f IpI"^ ; in abeyance, 

*^j^ ; to be in abeyance. '^^^■ 
Abgregale, r. t. @g|f.. 
Aligregation. »(. M'f^^. 

Abhor, v.t. mm- IS, S'ltig- mm- mm- ^, 

Abhorrenc', n. ^B • 'i'^ haired of me. .Jtil'lt^ 
^is^ ; I have an abhorrence of him, ^miW^- 
^. 6'ee Abhor. 
Abhorrent, a. Pj^, ^j}fi. ']■§■ ; abhorrent to the 
feelings, i^^f'fclftm ? aljjiorrent to j-our func- 
tions, ^Wti^>. 
Abhorrently, adv. Itl^- ^1^^104, Pj'^^^- 
Abhorrer, «. fg-^^ : an eneuiv. fft,j|j(- 

Abib,,,. m±AiEn- 

Aliide, r.i.ovt. ; pret. and pp. ahodi:. To dwell, 
J&\±'^{±- ^- ^^M/ISff ; to bear, t ; to abide 
witii me. (pj^ic^-fi ; to aljide by one's opinion, 
0^ S.S < it I ■■ to be self-willed^ ffig ; to abide 
in sin, mW-^A^\ to abide by a iicr-s-m. fm 
A- i^# A ; afllictions abide me. ^M'\%mi ; 
to abide in virtue, fe## ', to abide (to bear) 
the consequences, '^^fj^ff;- 

Abiding, n. Dwelling, g \^_ ; residence. J^ /^ : 
whilst staying, B\i.^\\^. 

Abiding-place, n. BM- liiit^m- 

Ability, ,,. :tii£.fJCllMi^# iM; talent,If^, p;].-^; 
jj|f, Tjt^ ; ski I fulness. ^^ ; a person of great 
ca))acity. :JK.^ ■ :}z.'^ - f person of suiall capaci- 
t.v. »J^^ ; a person of no capacity, ^ft, — fli 
j^ ; ability to eat and drink, g; ; great ability 
to drink, J&S. 

Abintestate, a. To die abintestate, 

Aliject. a. Low. mean. Jg. ft, 7{t- g|5PS. i¥-PS, 

Abject, n. jJn A, T'S A ; the nine classes of ab- 
jects or (he dregs of (he nation, T^JJic- * 

Abject, v.t. 5L^-. gi^j. 

Abjectedness, n. $}.^^. fj}.^^^. 

Alijection, n. iliS:- ']'>^- Tillillfe : iiumiliation 
(before God). ^_f),'. ; dcpra\ity, ^^jS ; witiiout 
jirinciples. ^^JlMS- 

Abjcctlv. ,1,1 1-. l\)\\^ : tu tliink and act basclv. gI5 

lit i: SB. 

Alijiu-ation. ». l-|g. fUSaJ^lfi ; the oath of ab- 



Aiijure, r.^ mm^v\n.M^%%'^i&-%^n, 

Siln^i:; to abjure a religion. ?|*3;Pfll^ 
fi; to recant a doctrine, "N^-Stt^! 'o abjure 
all eonnetion with one, tj^anlil- 

Abjurer, «. 4SiBg-. 

Ablaetale. «.i. !'«• ii?L- fS'lS- 

Al)laqueation. n. MWik- 

Ablation, ». l2^tf- M^'Mlr^- 

Ablative, ff. J{)(.^. 

Ablative, „. mAmii^^^^f<JM^i&nM!M^M 
Aiiie. «. fg, fr. P^- fi- '#■ :/j ^ : strong, <t :/; ; 

able, talented, ff :t : ^ihle to do. -^(If ) fi, fg 
y,^: able to walk. -^^7. ffflf : '^ble to practise 
economy and diligence, '^i^'^M '■ ''hie to sus- 
tain (as the weight of duty). ^r'n-iSra : "hie to 
illustrate eminent vii-tin'. ^B/]|ff^f;i ; able to 
manage liusiness, nu'i't^^/jf 4^- Ht'l'^^ 5 "ii 'ihle 
man, ^g^'^A '• able to drink. iMM.J<.' '^ot able, 

T^iH-- T^t^ ^H^- 

Alile-bodied. <(. ■(^7|l;.?|\f^ : an alile-bodied [lerson, 

Ablegate, e.i. IJIi-^Tl- 

Ableness, ?;. Ability of tlic miml. f/^ ,'</. :f h^;^- ; 

ability of the body. -^^^fj'g. .y^j j;. 
A biopsy, n. jj". 
Abligurition, jj. rJiSt^^- 
Abloca(e. v.t. \\i'^. 
A))loca t ion . ?! . tl] '^ ^' . 
Abluent, a. irmV-h nT'Sfcif fii iSct^- 
Abluent, ,,. ^r^il^ll : ii detergent, i±rn{^^tk■ 

* Among the inoane.'st condition in li.fb are counted the 
nine classes of men carrying on dislionourable yirofessionp, 
as are the ^, |- , £. ffl, ^, jfi , !g, J|, pJ, tlie pli.ysiciana, th(! 
diviuei'S, the astrologers, the physiognomists, the come- 
dians, the iirostitiites, the torturers in the Government 
offices, the undertrappers of the same establishment and 
the beggars- 




Ablution, n. The washing of the body, ^^, 86 

^ ; to take an al.lutinn. ^Jfc^}^,. W<ff.-mM,W- 
Abnegate, v.t. :^]^. EJ-^t^^^D- Z>7km- 
Abnegation, «. /J^M-^- 
Abnegator, n. 7fM-^- 
Abnormal, «. ;^IE,i1; crooked, ^ ; distorted, p,. 

Abuormitv. n. Irregularity, J>iB,'MMiLti- ^: 

Aboard, adv. Williin a ship, :^fl^.^n±; to go 
aboard, ^^j^. T/gg. J^/Sfi- ff ff- 

Abode, «. J^iM^ -M^Ji^ WilM- ^^, fiJITr. mM- 

Abolish, f. «. ;i, ji^. :$P,1^,. Ij-iJIi- Jb : <" destroy, 
JfflJiic ; *o ^^'^^ aside, j@^, 5i^)g ; (o abolish and 
destroy, #;^ ; to abolish the old and establish 
the new (as laws). If I'j^j'tffl : to abolish this 
and establish that, JdUhjfM '■ '" P"f away, f/fc. 

Abolishable, a. vjl^. Pj/gf^- Pj:$|f,- 

Abolisher, 7i. /i^',^-. i'ltHI^-. 

Abolishing, p/^r. jg. :$. $15;^,. 

Abolition, n. /i^ifc. :$1^, fi*^". -^* 

Abolitionist. ». |«it#- $ltJjClifi^- : "ue who 
defends the principles of an al.iolitionist. \%T}^ 

Abominable, a. P^m^, njiil, P^^f,, JglQ-, Pfl, Pj 
^6tl-ttEfi^: '1 ; very abomirutble. :k^.; ex- 
tremely abominable, JfUtfS ; an abominable af- 
fair, |»isi^. 
Abominablcness, n. jSPiB, il|)iS±.$"- ^PlS±.^- 
Abominably, ach-. To aet abominably. iJ^^pyM 

Abominate, v. t. if^, -^g. ,g;. 1R. iJiB- 

Abomination, «. j|^|)0. ^|)ifi, I'iSiSI®^-, Fk^|'{|jS:. Pj'gj 
;^^ ; the abomiuatieu of man, A^M^; the 
abomination of idolatry, WUiM^fdt-i^X- 

Aborigines, n. pi. TliJik A-la^: ± A^'Hl^fhTMIi, 
jt# ; the aborigines of China, TfiiiJi A- 

Abortion, n. th'M^Tiii, M^a-. v'^O^: Jt^-ESru, 


Abortive, a. ^jg^j^ fn^' ^-^JlHtl ; abortive de- 
signs, :^>l^±t]: il-l^ilfli:; tc P^ve abortive, 
UJC; abortive medieinc, JJcTQuillll- 

Abound, r.i. To be in plenty, IJi^, ;JiiS,:aC^: 

toil. !S-^. J£Wf^ ; ^^^ =ii"^;iu/ in (in«ti-'M- M 

^ ; to abound with errors, ^^ ; to al.iound in 
quantity, :^§^, %'^, j^^, ^^, f(^. ^^ ; 
that book abounds with errors, ^%%^H-^ 

* The adverb and adverbial sentences must be e.xprossed 
by the ol)ject witli tlie po.'^sessive ease following the verb, 
as :— he acts abominably, ■^^^^['15;^^; be condncts himself 
abominably, ^nnfi'Anr^- 

0B ; this country abounds with tigers, jlfcilli^ 


Abounding. p;;r. or a. Flourishing, ;j^«^. ^M^ 
£^; abounding in, lM/Mt*-ll?S. 

Aljout, fYC]). or adv. JJound aliout. %^. 0®; 
nearly. ^^Z- m^f^^: ^^Jt- W^'M. iT-M 
^. 1^^^ : about noon. 55;-^Il# ; about evening, 
}tf Bl : about to depart, about to go, }jff ^ ; alxmt, 
concerning, IJc,. ;y^ ; to speak about. 1^5; to 
speak alwut people, %^\ ; about, respectiuiJ!-. ^ 
^/^■S:/;^; 'il'out this affair. :^^ry£#^ : about 
<o ilic- !t?%- l?ft^ ; i^l'out to fall. '^1% ; about to 
tumble down (as a v,-all, &e.). %}^ : about one 
hundred. ^•]—'^\ to walk about, sljjf : to be 
aliOut, )||f ; what are you about ? %'^\'^-{l^ ; 
about three feet high, '^'I'l^/HK : scattered 
aliout. [ly^; aliout one's person, ^#.^i^^, 
'I'lfiS^i'Ji: wiiiil nbout the mnrket V '(/:f7'|f ; 
wiiat aliout him "? ftiitlfnj; he spoke about you 
yesterday. fgllf^Haffi ii ft;. 

Above, peep, or adv. UiHin, on, J^, J^.'jgf. ^ t.. '^ 
JiUu ; above (over) the head, ^Qll^h.IJIh; 
uiistairs. ^fg_L : over and above. ^^, ^^h; 
above teu. "tWf^. +ff ^ ; not above, ;p-^, ;}; 
J-.: aliove in v strength, fjj :fj ^5|>; above ground, 
fAj ?£■ *#"■ *t'fi§t : lie is above board, jj;(j{5 
l.i'i" ; filiove board. -)t%^ H , ^-Mi ; to deal 
above board, 'a^'iEil/jf -^ ; as above cited, iD±^ 
^hV ±S.fSM-. }^-: above and below, ±7; 
above, on the surface, ±.i® ; above, over the 
head or on an elevation. ^±.^; aliove liis 
capacity, ftll^f :7H- 'fEffjt''5ii] ; "'^ve twenty 
years of age, _-[' j^ lil Ji ; not above a foot high, 
^i^— /^'^ ; not above twenty men, ;|' 
A ; not to let down from aliove, H^T^- 

Aliracadabra, n. A magical word or charm said 
in curing diseases, '/{^'•%.'!^%. 

Abrade, v. t. To scrape otf. ,5lJfiiJ. ^^. M^-W,- 

Abraid, v.t. ^]\V.. 

Abrasion, n. M'Mji'hW^ n^±.%- 

Alireast. adv. \i|;^ ; to walk abreast. '^jl'ML^ 
ifll-fl'; to stand abreast of each other, ii^j^. 

Abrenuncialion, n. Sec Renunciation. 

Abridge, v. <. Jj^j ; to abridge in writing. I^!^J,:§ 
'M- »m ■■ to uiako an extract, f^^, g*^. f^ 
p}- ft'Sf] ; lo shorten. ^,f(i^ ; to take otf, |^,^, 


Abridger. ;(. ifcjc ^. '-^^ ^J ^ : one who makes ex- 

Abridgment. ,,. J^-^.. f^j-^. f^^. -^^g ; a com- 
pendium, '^^', the (luintessencc, H^: ab- 




abridgment of 

ridgment of things, 
comforts, ^^. 

Abroach, adv. To set abroacli.-^g|5^j[|g-i(jg|l^). 

Abroad, adv. In another country, ^j^. ^5Ii|g. ^. 
^y^- to go abroad, [Ij-ij^hl, 'd.\^\>. Ujn:a)i- 
road, out of tlic liousr. Jljfij. [i]^ : gnoils from 
abroad, j^a, ^J^S^PflltS : Irom ahn.ul. i}i^yi'(i 
ifjj^ ; proclaimed abroad, 0/lM Ji : disiicrsed 
abroad. [3^ : abroad, not at liouie. ^^^< : 
outside, ^^hiBj, ^9hM' ^h3"S : to walk abroad, 

Abrogate, v. t. ^^^, i<^t- /S- iS.% : to abrogate 
an old custom, Jt^K^.^iS ; to repeal a law, ]^ 
ii, ?lfe^; to annul, /g^. 

Abrogation, 7k :?^It^-. /S?i-:«. ;f*?lfe±?;. 

Abrood, ttc/i-. To sit abruud, :Jj>f:^H: to liatch 
ducks, ^f|. 

Abrupt, a. t'raggy. [i^irgl. JM^,JMt,i^fu:- 

Abrupt, 91. |l|5. ill!:;-, I)-. 

Abruptly', adv. iSuddenlv. iu a sudden manner, ^ 

B, * is^^- ^p^a. i^^i^s, t^i t^- m^^ fij^ti. 

^5i' T>f''|-' IK: violent ly. fjHiift; unexpectedly, 
;^;©: accidentally, f/lj^ji: rudely, ^"a^; tospeak, J^r^, 

Abruptness, n. Cragginess. |!|r|l|LiJ • t^iJ^ : roughness 
of crystalized bodies, j^^, l''l, \\j^'%; precipita- 
tion, f^^. 

Abrupts, ji.jjL ^Vitty expressions, BtMi.trl^'Jl^i 

Abrus pra3catorius. n. .^iiflg. S^^- ^BSJi:- 

Abscess, n. '0, ^l^^ IJS^. -^'JI^ ; a viruleut 
sore, gj^ ; recent or acute abscess, |If iji^; old or 
chronic abscess. ^IJ§^; large or small abscess, 
:k.*h^lM:'^ ; abscess of the bone, '^''1)1^ ; abscess 
of the brain, |g']fe!|; abscess of the joints, ^ 
liJ'Ji^; abscess of the loins, ®IJi^. 

Abscess-lancet, ». "j!(iiJl-7]. 

Abscind, v. t. ijl^i fij^v. fijii; to cut otf with 
scissors, Jii. mIf]- 

Absciss, Abscissa, n. j|(|f«- 

Abscission, j*. fiJ^-K, 1^*- 

Abscond, v. I. To hide one's self, ^^^M- I^Ul- II 

I.IX^- iilt^ ifiisfe Jte^fe, 5iM- Kin, SIS, 

^ai ; to run away, #^, il^J;. jtliii- M^: to 
abscond and roam about, jjfclJill, jrfc-i;: to dis- 
appear entirely, ^i^mm- \mm^^ m^^m 

Absconder, n. Ut^^; one who runs away, j^^ 
Absconding, ppr. or a. IJig, i||)li- 

* Whenever f^ is added to anotlier character to form an 
adverb of manner, it is almost ahvavs followed liy iJi3"aud." 

Absence, n. Absence from home, /p^^; not at 
a place, Z-Y±.^^^\]^B-^^'^M ; separation, as 
friends, ^'^. D^"i>^ : beiu.ii' at a distance from 
each other, i^-j^. M^^k- absence of mind, 

>5^«- >\:^w&^'^ $i-'&z^m^ >\:>mz>^' ^ 

jpi]l: absence on dutv. ^{Ij ; leave of absence, 

Absent, a. yfJ^: absi'nl from sight, ^^jBiniJ ; 
separated, as friends. B^i^. l^j^; to lie distant 
from each other. 4g?if j^. 40l?|iji;; aliscnt for a 
long tiuie. f$}ib'.ii^'- l"''g absent, soon for- 
gotten. AMmm^mt- 

xVbsent, c. ^ To ab.sent one's self, ^-^ ; to slip 
away from, JJj^^ ; to betake one's self to a dis- 
tance, ^Illtis*- 

Aksentee, «. |lj^h^, X^^A, Hl^mit'^ ; one 
who is from his pest, ifflfi^-. 

Absinthium, n. See AVormwood. 

Absist, c. (•. fJiif. Jh. EL- 

Absolute, a. 5c^' W^^ ^'y unlimited in jiower, 
free, Q jr, JtVii; absolute, as applied to 
(iod, when referring to his existence, etc., @^; 
complete, ^. 'j|<^; absolute authority, ^j^^it 

Itllif; an absolute estate, JJ^^^'^; absolute 
monarchy, |i#*SI'ii7!iiJ; absolute power, ^^g; 
absolute promise, B?f||5^;-^jiJ'ffi±p6%^igii 
i.t\-y&J'Mi.W- 'lu absolute relusal, ^Tf. n'.^ 
ij^^V^ii ; how absolute the knave is, M^^i^UW' 
1^; certain, peremptory. ;(^, -^'■, arljitrary, fi^;. 
Absolutely, adv. 5^,^;,"^^:, W. y^,l>, >g^'^^, >}L^%, 
ihh^ %^\ it must be so, ^t^Mm-- iwt 
absolutely. 7J^*^> : it can not possibly be other- 
wise, ;^,i#;f ^}i. 

A bsol uteness, n . ^; f [ W ^ . i") « ^ ;f{| iji. 
Absolution, n. Acciunial. fmi^'imULkw A 
SSP' Wn. ; lorgiveness of sins, -JiJJi?, if|p, p 

Absolutism, «. 5^^^^, %^^ii.'- despotism, 

Absolvatory, «. pfPiifi, .:iiPn^- 

Absolve, i-.f. .Jip, «p, ^^np, ^^j^j^, jjj^^. || 
;*;'.; to pardon, as the emperor, ,S,|^; to alisolve 
Irom an engagement, irj.'fffj: magnanimously to 
pardon an otfeuce, ;l^ilii§: to absolve from 
all consequences, ilj^iiyfif;. 

Absolver, ». ^J^p^-. 

Absolving. pj>v. Acquitting of a crime. |ic|p. ^ 

Absonant. «. Dissonant. jg§;p-g..^§;ffu: un- 
reasonable, ::j;'^iS; very absurd, :)^^. 




Absonato, v.t. To avoid, ^; to abhor, 

Absorb, v.t. ma, ^ii, ^A, VX'i^.m; <o suck 
up dry, {i$$t\qt, mit ; >tJ sni'l^- i"' (St A- :^ ; to 
swallow, ^A, #T-i- #IM'; ("to absorb, {# 
m. •■)[?] 

Absorbaljlo, a. Pfi^il-, PT^jf 6-I- 

Absorbent, n. ^^M^iM-- 

Absorljont, n. ixUkiL'^k'^ " inedidno, ll^'i"^^^, 

Mt^m- mm±.m- 

Absorption, n. J^, ll^vM^, lliif?j^-; swallowing. 

Abstain, r. /. 5^. fiij^; to abstain IVoin (certain) 
food, J^P, ^0- ^T^; to retrain one's self 

from, 0^- I3}ti, g^- g^. ^i5lX' aft; to 
abstain from wine, JD^jg ; to abstain from sex- 
ual indulgences or venery, J^^; to abstain 
from gambling, ?1J(!1^-; to abstain from tbrnica- 
tion, 5S/i", jSi™ ; t'^ abstain from (ou account 
of having been warned), ^5^. 
Alistaining. ppr. ^. 

Abstemious, a. ti}i. Bm- Bf^- mm^ ?^n6i 

M:M{\'-}. m% 5St : temperate. Tf.^^ : to be 
temperate in eating and drinking, 7f,0>W^'^, 
W^'.M^^ ; abstemious in every thing, JL^fii 

Abstemiousness, n. ^'^f^^, ^.i;^, ^^n^^-- 
Abstension, n. ^{fitk^- 
Abstentus, n. •tt^T>/i0^=^« (^g ^ID- 
Absterge, v.t. J^: 10 wipe clean. iJ^^^. ^^$^. ^ 

Abstergent, «. Cleansing, ^jf fl'j- 

Abstergent, «. rftjlil^tJ- icfel^H' it:.; tit ±11 ■ 

Abstersion, ». ^'^. 
Abstersive, a. /Sec Abstergent. 
Abstinence, n. J^\ fasting, ^J^, t]P# ; absti- 
nence from food, ^:^. 
Abstinent, o. Temperate, fj J11 fli ia fl^J, i#Si!i 
Abstinently, adv. gJjJllM^- ffctWi^- L6^' 
Abstract, n. An epitome, -gi^, Jf^ ; essence, 1^, 

Abstract, rt. ^^ij, (i[^. tttlflj. 

Abstract, i-. t. To la ke Iroiu. 1^„ F.f.^-, :5>JjlJ. Jl^l^, : 
to distil, ^; to deduct, ^ ; lo take out, ith^, 
ifilil; to take from amongst. ^ tlj ; to steal 
other people's ideas, i^..^.jp '^ ; to take clandes- 
tinely, -(ta, mm- 

Abstracted, pj). or «. Alisent (in mind), {^^; 
abstracted ideas, || ;g : aljstraded scholar, ^ 

Abstractedly, adv. To consider a subject ab- 

stractedly, mtmm^mt^^m^m^±.-; 

alistraetedlv, to eonsider a subject by itself, ^ 

Abstracter, n. S§^-#. 

Abstracting, jypr. J]^, 1^^; abstracting from &c., 

Abstraction, n. Keligious abstraction, or disregard 
of worldly affairs, |^ ; comjilefe abstraction, 
^)\^, x^fUlti^h: complete abstraction, as in 
Nirvana, —^.if.^. 

Abstraetive, a. Pft^F^fl^. 

Abstractly, adr. i^sHb^i&.'^t^im- 

Abstractness, n. A separate stale, ^;^; a state of 
contemplation, ^f^.,. 

Abstricted, a. fiJf, i^y. 

Abstrude, v.t. ^^ ; to push out. jgyj. 

Abstruse, a. Deep, difficult to comprehend, |gj^", 
very abstruse, jj^^: profound and mysterious, 
mj;; hidden. BSk- mU''- I^Wl- M^^ ^iW, M 
|g ; abstruse doelrine. Hii-j^jf. ^M ; difficult 
to comprehend, ||j§, ||j|jj. 

Abstrusely, adv. Ulisinirely, |^g^, ^pB^. 

Abstruseness, 7!. Pgg:^; imperspicuity. ^^, ^^. 

Absume, i-.t. }|f!|ffl^''ft- 

Absurd, a. Not according with reason. '^'.'^^.^ 
^a, #a; absurd language, ^M, mm, ^ 
E- l4))Ut> fisft ; vague, absurd words, \^i^^ 
•g; how absurd, ^^, iiWiltS- 

Absurdity, «. Nonsense, ^D^, gjD^ j:^lii|. 

Absurdly, (u^-. How absurdly he talks. 0^^'m 
4; do not talk so absurdly. V^^fMiiiWi' to 
mink and hoiJC alisiirdly to attain to immortali- 

t.Y, ^.i«.^Kvf ^. 

Abundanee, n. ^ffif. jii Si-- !^riS§ ; abundance (said 
of the harvest). Hg. if jj^: wealth, g^'g", ^'M, 
JmI iU ; exuberance ot loliage. ;^ g^.Jjf g^ ; alnind- 
ance (in a general sense), ^^, pjl^, f^^, g 
^. i&& WM, 'Mi^Jl': prosperity, tiourishing, 
Hi^^^ S^iil- ^A& ; (immensity). WW: V^/W. i? 
}:^', ^jj^. S.M. '• hixuriauce (said of grain in the 
held), 1^, •^■. plenty,^; abundance of ani- 
mal spirits. |lM:^JSL- 

Abundant, a. i;j£, ^^, ^^. ^^. £;^^, ^ 
'J&- a^, ii^: luxuriant, ;^!^^. !^^. (Most 
of the precetling eompounds can lie used as at- 
tributive adjectives ; the eomiiounds. ^pg, it., 
occur chiefly in poetry. When they are used, 
another synonym may lie substituted.) 

Abundantly. «(/r. ^fS^. 

Abuse. .. ^Jfl. ^ffl. io'Jfl. ^f^-. EAtnli- 3£ 
Jltfi^Jpfi-; a ecrnipt custom, ^/i^'. f^ftf, i^i^; 




railing, UJg, l|^^ ; to put an abuse upon a per- 
son, ^^ A ; I'idienle and aljuse. ^.H Afi^fS- 
Abuse, V. t. To lutikfi ill use of, ^ l[J,^jfl ; to rail 

fi^ -B.^i W,^ ^M' t^m,^ t^itk- H^ ; *" ^'«ise a 

woman (nipo), ?f, s;!^' ?SS ; to abuse one's 
confidence, ft^lg ; to ill-treat, '^^. ^Ifeff,^ 

Abuser, n. One who aliuses other people, %i^^ ; 

acheat,SlcliA^, WB^- '\ 

Abusive, a. Insulting. HJgg^ ; cheating,^^ : 

abusive language, ,^ A^fJ- 
Abusively, rtfZr. To treat one insultingly, ^\XM-\% 

Abusiveness, n. Disposition to abuse others. ^^, 

Abut, V. i. m'&W&mMM^ ; t'^ -I'^'it (bord- 
er) upon China. Pft/i+B- 

Abutment, 71. A dam or solid support for the ex- 
tremity for a liridiie to restrain the force of the 
water, "iiJM, WM- 

Abuttal, n. ^^. 

Abysm, n. fg ; no bottom, ggf^. 

Abysmal, a. ^^g^. 

Abyss, 71. i^. g?{i : a deep abyss, |gj^ ; a Ixaind- 
less abyss. ^Jla]: a bottomless alivss. ^^^^ 

rS-lfi'gi:i^:iiade... iiii^li. :^4 

Abyssinia, 7*. ^Sft^raiESSS- 
Abyssinian, 7). USt&PgHibiSSA- 

Acacia, n. ^mi^- ^kE^^ ^,1.^2- ^M., .^^, 
^^ ; seeds of acacia. ytB/j-f • 

Academic, 7). ^^. 

Academic, Academical, a. ^l^f\^. 

Academician, n. A member of tlie Imperial Col- 
lege at Peking, ##^±, m^. 

Academy, ?7. A private school for tdiildren. ^f^, 
^ft- ^^ : fi public school, i^i^ • ^ college. 
fl^f%. ^h^ • '1 college in ancient times, J^, ^, 
^^ ; a private academy, j^^^ ; a district or 
prefectural academy. ^ g ; a public academy, 
^^ ; an ancient academy. ■^^ ; the imperial 
academy, $1J#gS- 

Aeanaceous. «. ^^(i^j ; as rough, thorny as a 
bramble, in^PlM;. 

Acanthabolus. n. ^ift- 

Acanthus ilicifolius. u. ^"J^^^. 

Acatalepsy, 7*. :{>.tb'M^- 

Aeatery, ji. ^311)^^. 

Acatharsia, n. ^^J.\f^{ffi'Mii)- 

Accede, v. i. To consent. i\^i^^. itl^-itn ! <« =ic- 
quiesce in, %^ : to join, ^y^: to join a party 
(for good or bad),p^fu, ^^, ^{^'; to accede to 

a treaty, gj^mf*- 

Accedence, 71. /c?f|. 

Accelerate, v.t. To hasten, ■gf^, ^;|, ^%, ^ 
ia. liii. f^^^ liM' lil£: to quicken one's 
steps. ^,i]^. tt/J>; tell him (make him) to lie 
quick. ^{[e'^tI; : make him to be a little ({uick- 

Accelerating, ^jpr. ■^j^ ; accelerating force, j|J 

Acceleration, n. <^-^^, fHf,^. If^. ^t- M 


Accelerative, a. g^j^fi^. firl;fl5- 

Accend, r. «. To kindle, fl'X- )§>;<. ffii^ ; to set 
on tire. J^^. 

Accension, n. ^1>K^W*- 1A>K^'^- 

Accent, n. ^§: a juark upon syllables. "BBnlS 
"M-i-^ '• ^ niark denoting the raising and de- 
pressing of the voice, ■asTt'j^fS!^;^?^ ; a mark 
denoting the power of a syllable, "^f^^^^ 
^ ; the accents of the Chinese language are 
lone-marks and constitute an essential part of 
the spoken vernacular. These lone-marks are 
(from their form) called circles, @[l,(i.[il®: 
and the four tones themselves from their num- 
bers, [jg^. The latter are subdivided intoip, 
even, and J\. oblique tones. The Zp, even, is in 
Peking divided into the higher and lower tones. 
The _h, higher is called the \^^, the clear 
(sonorous), even tone, and the f. lower is called 
the v^Jp, the muddy (dull), even tone. The jp^, 
oblique tones are the _t and the ^, the upper 
and the departing tones of the Peking dialect. 
The variation of the number of these tones and 
the modulation of the voice in pronouncing them 
dilTer, liowever, greatly throughout the Chinese 
Empire. The four tones of the Peking dialect 
are marked thus : — cJ for the higher and J? 
for the one additional lower tone ; the five tones 
of the Nanking dialect are marked [g] 'Jj] : the 
six tones of the Hakka dialect thus :—{£]! J^ : 
and the eight tones of the Punti dialect thus : 
— OO- (l^^o'' fiii'ther information on this sub- 
ject, see Grammar of the Chinese Language by 
the author.) The local accent, its'. ±|J^. i^, 
i^ (the designation of the local brogue in 
Shang-liai): the village brogue, ^^p^^; the pre- 
valent, local dialect. ^f<f{. 

Accent, v.t. ^ajW^'IsWili^Sfi- 

Accentor, n. fD|?|ilM7^§. 

Accentual, «. Mi'^M^n^^- 

Accentuate, v.t. f^WSp^ #i,$SM ; *o accent- 




uate Chinpse words or eliaracters, ^. 
Accentuation. «. t|WsS':i§±.ISfi^- 
Accept, r. tU-^-^-^iM- m^-^'M^^ fl5J : <o 
respectfully accept. jK'ijH. Bi'ijI : to accept with 
a bow, ff^fl ; to accept smilingly, ^^^^. Pg^j^ : 
to accept (to retain), lli^; to retain respect- 
fully. Sfi?; lo i"<^'<"'ii with courtesy, |-f^; to 
retain informally. ^^ ; to accept with thanks, 
fMlIf; *o accept au office. ^"^ ; to accept an 
order, bill or clipque, ^^MW-'- ^'^ accept an 
oflering", ^^; to decline to accept, p, 1^:^ 

Acceptability. «. pflftig. P^^M^- 
Acceptable, a. PT^^ftfii '^:tj:fi-J. iS-i^ft •. pleasing, 

^M- 'ia;t: pT^- pr-s1ftfii ^;Aj5/ria- 

Acceptableness. h. n]',fft,'5l;i^. i/|,r.','j;5l;Et- 
Acceptably, adv. pflftrKj, -a't^ilttl; acceptably 

to every one. ^ A'^#. 
Acceptance, v. ^^-Jp] : acceptance of a bill of ex- 
change, M^f^niTl-'- to request one's accept- 
ance of. m-^^Mi- 

Acceptation, h. The meaning of a word, J^^.Sf:^; 

reception, ^'l^^'M- worthy of acceptation, nj" 

ifj^^ : words wortliy of acceptation. Pj jftj^B*. 
Accepted, pp. or a. Customary, j^ifi, f^j^'h 

received, ^^ ; not refused or returned, \\^^^ ; 

accepted, as a bill, ■^^• 
Accepter, n. JJ-fft^ ; (fod is no accepter of persons, 

Acceptilation, v. ll^Ig (f-^ifitnliiPfft^lttmWJB 

Accepting. p)n: #11^. ^^f . [jf). 

Access, «. ^5§. P^g^.jilt^. ^Cjf; admittance to 
a place. ^\^^■. admittance to a person, nl i^J 
^M- mM.- t'l^J of access. ^gJllj. %VM^ 
m. faJtli^m: fUffienlt of access. mnWU'- 
free access to. ^^^^i^ ; to refuse access to, to 
decline a visit, •fi'^lfl] ; access of wealth, fi^ty-, 
^jif; access of property, BJf^M: the tirst 
access (paroxism) of a fever, ^ffWJ?! <''pft', ! ^i^ 
access of fever, ^t^Jg^f . 

Accessarily, acZv. -/gCKj, fiZ/DrKj. r[p]tjc. 

Accessariness. 7!. IpIIJc^- ; participation in a plot. 

Accessary, <i. ^. ^-J^: soennd in a crime, ^^fE: 
accessnrv to a jilot. \^%%\ that is but accessarv, 

Accessary. i\. Participator in a plot, fpjt?.^, ^P 
^; principal and accessary. -^^iSE- ♦!"" accessary 
must goafter the principal", ^^^M>}L^''^t'^^S- 

Accessible, (7. Accessible, as a place. 'Pl'JiJ ; ap- 
proa.-hnble, ^mm^ ^W&- aflable, %^, 
fSa ; henign, ffifu. 

Accession, n. Increase, ^jf. y/Dj^, g, P^t^; ac- 
cession to a treaty. ^f[I^;^f¥- : accession to 
the crown. §fi, jifi, ^Sfi- P5^; accession 
to a title, ^^ff ; accession of a son to a family, 
\WT \ summer's accession, ^^; accession of 
bodily distempers, -fl^. 

Accessorily, adr. f^^. 

Accessory, a. f^itjl!, '1^,5J|- '^'ce Accessary. 

Accidence, 7). The first rudiments of grammar, "% 

Accident, n. Casualty, •fl^gc;^l^,ii^±,9,^$h 
^^r\ the property (natural state) of a thing. 

Accidental, n. Casual, fj^^fc, jg^. ;g$[,. ^pflj)^. 
ifn^l T>tli?^iri)?^: un'foreseen, ^TirPjJlJi @«« 

Accidentally, (uU-. ■f^f^^v ij|^. : to meet accident- 
nllv, ^. 7Kffii%f^r;3i'. %We-^ ■ to see accident- 

aii.v. m^. mi 

Accidentalness. /;. IS^.^- 

Accipient, n. ^^i-M^^- 

Accismus. 7). m^^^n^- Wl^l^M- 

Acclaim, f.f. P§J^; to make general applause, 

Acclamation, 7). General applause. ^^H^^^, ^^ 
fS^H; STeat rejoicing cries, W\^Wi.-lk^^^.- 
Acclamatory, a. ^MMv'h fJCPf'fi-I- 
Acclimated, pp. or a. ^I^^jci- 
Acclimatize, 7-. <. ^|j.7]*Ci- 
Aeclive, 7-. ? . To mount, hllj- ?^lli- Sj^- 

Acclivity, 7^ 5:--ltt?-fi^-l^«?-lllii.^r4il*-lIJ 

Acclivous, a. Rising with a slope. _fc.3;"465- 

Accloy, r.t. To fill up. -^S-^M- 

Accoil. 7-. i. f^'i'i' Coil. 

Accolade, 71. ^^• 

Accolent, 7!. ^[[SM^. 

Accommodable. a. ^aWM "' suitable. pT^ft^ : ac- 
commodable to all this variety, ^^nTJBfl^- 

Accommodableness, v. Fitness, pj^^. 

Accommodate, r.t. i(ft|L- f1':^- i^^1}- ^, Sf- ffi 
fy^- ififi'i^itfS- Fll* r^ ; to suit other's conven- 
ience, fi^AS-Cn^B-Hf|5fK: to accommodate 
one's self to other's wishes, f^^fs^: to accom- 
modate one's self to circumstances, ^,:f;^'In ; 
to accommodate one's self to unavoidable cir- 
cumstances, ^tlll'iuti^: to accommodate dit^ier- 
ences. ?|ljfD, ^§,g,. fd^?. #[53 : to accommodate 
with necessaries. i}[^.'Jii]%: to accommc^ate 
with money, f|j' |R fS ffl ! to accommodate in 
walking, [aIjM, |^!H ; to accommodate by col- 




lusion, ;tefS)^A- 
Acfominodate, a. ^f^y^ \ siii(a))le, fj'^;. 
Accominodiiteness, «. Fitnoss, -^jt^. flt^i,^- 
Accommodiitinii-. a. Ailiiptiiif;-. l^l/liS^- ;^:f;^ 

If ; pliable. m-^-^m-w\i-^-^m-^^U\^mh ; 

complying with I'stablislinl iisa,uvs. ^QV(}; pro- 
viding with necessaries, tfiyi: yielding tn, }|f 
WL\ obliging others, ^|g^A ; not accom- 
modating. T>tal!i"- 
Accommodation, v. Suiting other's conveiiicnce, 
ft(«iS ; adjustment of" dillerences, |if-^ ; provi- 
sion of necessaries, if J9;5l{!tj^ ; comfortable 
quarters, |^:'c^i|ilj§ : by way of accom- 
modation, j^U ; good accommodation, '^J-% 

Accommodalor. n. Adjuster. IJ^H^ A ; mediator, 

Accompanable, a. Sociable. JJ+Q^tt. 

Accoraiianied, jrp. Attended, [fs)}f . 

Accompanier, «. ff-. ^fgf^: an associate, JJJ^^. 

Accompaniment, n. ^^ff. 

Accompanist, 7). A fellow musician. f^A- 

Accompany, v.t. or i. To join in walking, jf^ff. 
fnlfx ; to accompany as an attendant. SS:^^ I^lS 
^: to accompany a friend (on leaving), jg. -jg 
D;S; <o accompany a visitor, is^, PS'fi^ ; 
to see out, as a stranger. j^C [IJ ; to run or walk 
with (Court and Hakka), [pj^ ; to be a com- 
panion. ^Qf'P ; to accompany (in music), g^fj- 
\'i&i'\'\ to associate with. |}S|g: to attend a fu- 
neral. -JgH ; to accompany (inclose), as a docu- 
ment, Pft- 

Accompanying, jj^jc. ora. Joining in walking, f^ 

Accomplice, ?;. Principal in a plot, fg"g'^': the 
chief in a crime, p!^^ ; the leader of a plot, 
g|-^ ; the leader of a plot of rebels. p;ii^. |g5^; 
accomplice and accessories. "^{^^ ; an associate 
in a plot, Il5]sS^^.IF]^.:g^i;e.¥M; an associate 
in a crime, [p] JQ, [P]|p;^A ; tl'c executor of a 
plot, fR'^i^. ^S^ ■ accomplice in murder. 

Accomplish, r. t. To finish, fg[^. ^^. f^^^ : to 
complete, jj^WL'^ *o accomplish a design. ^^;^. 
)j^#; to accomplish a prophecy, SSt-fEo"' li't 
S^- fttS?^ ; *o accomplish an undertaking, )^ Jfj. 
j^:ff, ; to accomplish a plan, ^ f ( : able to ac- 
complish. Tji']^. ^|[g ; to accomplish a work, % 
Xi ^X ; ''^ accomplish satisfactorily. |^B^^. 

Accomplishable, a. fijl^fi^; that whicli can be 

fulfilled. Pimmti^- 

Accomplished, j)P- Completed, ^ffj, %^^ ^Sr- 

i^T^- Mtc- ikm^ imm- fieg'-^'it^ HI- m 

J4 •■ skilled. 4|'i^:j|; an nccomiilished scholar, |!| 
^±.]M^m±- %■ WMn±-- accomplished 
\irtue. ^^\%. '%\% : an accomplished (virtuous) 
female, \}^^-^ : an acc(jmplished person. :J'!^^-, 
— #— ^ ; a clever han<l. ^)^-^W^hj a thing 
cannot be accomiilished. ^^\'^v f/f-f- 
Accomplishment, v. yc,:^!-^.^-^^^:' aceom- 
])lislimeut,s, m^MM-^W'^ accomplishment 
and failure. r&ilJC- 
Accompt. «. ISB-tiS- 
Accomptant, „. n'^.wiim-m^A'^nnm^h 

Accord. )*. Harmony in music, ^}f;j^. ^fu- I'gfD '. 
harmony in sentiments, fpiij|. fu4f. fu-p-. |'^ 
ft' M'lf ' 4BiT- : \vitli one aci'ord. —,[;;, ; of one's 
own accord. ;$;>ti«f|Hj- Q^fiflljUJ : agreement. 

Accord, r. «. or i. To agree, ;tp ^v fa p-- '&• Wif ; 
to accord with our feelings. ■Jiilll. i'«- "Wfl. ^ 
H; to accord with reason. -g-H- jfiEg- fflM ; 
to accord with others' feelings. [I^fAi^- illA 
MMM^-^f^iA'\'}i- ^^ifi • <" accord with the 
ancients, ^fi, f/gi^ : to accord, as in uiusic. ^ 
fa ; to accord willingly, ^^. -g^, iS.^. ^ 
M, Mt& ; <o accord praise, 'i^^. 

Accordance, n. Agreement w'itha, person, fpfo ; 
in accordance with reason. ^^ : conformity, 
fPf|; in conformity with. flB. BB^, if^. 

Accordant, n. Correspond in "-. 40 -p" 6^ : agreeable, 

fl?. ^■ 

Aceorder, ,i.|l?|}/i^,fi{y,^-. 

According, j^j'''- '^^' '"'■ Agreeing, -i^. ^^ ; agree- 
able to, :§.^ : according to. W^. DB. ^. f^, 
^a ; according to what you say. fl.Bf;y,0f gg. ^ 
■= ; according to evidence. t^j^.^||^ ; according 
to established laws. ^:$f^fi. t^f^ ; according 
to custom, ■^-if ^g. ^I^^M : according to for- 
mer usage. fJJ^^^g: according to regulations, 
M% ^^MM- according to reason, ^Jt : ac- 
cording to one's wishes. ^Q^. ^ai& ^ according 
to order, ijf)'^ • according to the emperor's 
commands, f^;^^; according to your com- 
mands. '\%^^^- according to regular order, 
M'Ji^^^ '' according to what has been said. ^ 
^ : according to the light of reason, ^"^ : ac- 
cording as. iii^ : to go according to the limes, 
fifeBtffiJff ■■ according to circumstances of place 
and time, @ilfe[gil#. 

Accordingly, «(/(■. ^B-i^iB.^-M^- agreea- 


( 10 ) 


bly, ^, Bl) ; the visitor aceordiugiy retunis, ^ 


Accost, r. t. ?J$i£; to address one first, ^§iAl>^- 
^liAoJI:. I'tJs": t'i "f'-'^st one in a familiar 

style. m^ms-w.nm^^- 

Aecostahle, a. Ui^^ ■ sociable. iT^fl^^Cl^. fSfO. 
Accouchenr. n. * ^|'±^^^. L*T-'fB^- 

Acconchement, «,. ^^, ^1)^, B!i.h B^- ^W- 

Account. «. Slip Jftp. ii:0. ii:, mM- 1^; -^ 

narrative (journal). HIE- Hlf ■ EJIl- F.rfj : ♦« 
close an account. ^VS: 'o follect an ai-coimt. |^ 
iji^; to enter an account, SM-, Ait;. ?Bit- IE 
fi'iS ; to put to my account, AWiii- fli'H'gwl 
1(1 an account. JaWi- charge to my account. J: ^ 
±,^; to open an account, ^^^_. tl^BS: to pay 
an account. fnU;: an account book, pg-JVif. 1j^ 
f,g; to settle an account, ji^ygj' Tuit- tcM- i^ 
fwii:- l?r«^- ^'Sii:: confused account, iPjf ; 
an acci'unt made up incorrectly, Sf ^Jn : to pay 
olf the remaining debt of an account, ^^^ : 
to make out an account (for payment). ^|^. ^. 
Wi- IMW ■■ t" ^'I'^ii-e an account. tlfngtiS- W 
mmUm'L-^ n record. |,^. f|. ^d- ^f : lo turn 
lo good account. djnW- iTM&' m0^]- to 
give a written account. SB^ : to give a verbal 
account. ia£|?fl±^. i^lUl;—,'!-- I 'lave no ac- 
count of him. ^m-i^.%. mm\m^-^ T>5;n 

ii^lMMB ■ a man of good account, W^IlTui 
A- WM-f^A : a man of no account. jJnA- 
^P'/IJP^A: I make no account of it. l^jj,^ 
i^- "SJifif: I 'ti'l it "poll that ai-count, ^]J^^ 
Jltlviln:^^. fi^^S^PiSe^imSffiiili ; "" account 
of 13- '^- &: iil'on your accduut. p^fl^; : upon 
all accouiit, 'if;\\^ : on no account. ^^. lillf^ 
*!•• SS :7 "p7- H T' rl : lialance account, Ulg. 
^ff|g[; an account receipt. i(5;|^; account of 
charges. ^J^^: account of in.surance. fJ^lj^M" 
account of sales, ?f J^^: account of settlement. 
^■|^; accounts agreed upon, fjij'^f^l^; to cast 
up an account. I^rjlg. t|^. 
Account-book. ». !IIi'^,. *lj*i;, ii;f,|. fT;;!-- mW- 
Account, V. t. or /. To reckon. t| . ^. ^. ^| §^. fl" 
©• til?: •• to deem. i^. j?,. ^ jJS?J$ : to consider, 
}^j^ : I account (consider) him a good man, ^ 

* This office i.s in China only performed Ijy women, who 
sire called ^'^M^j tS^- t'he Chinese have lie.sides a |^^ 
^, i.e. a woman wlio attond.s <in pregnant women during tlie 
last month of tlicir iircgn.-UH'v ; a •fifl^, i e, a wonnin who 
attends on the hul.y diu-iiij; tiie first niontli ; or a -g^^feft, 
i.e. a ])liy.sician, wlio sniicrintends the nnr.sing of the baby 
during that period. 

J[Ufl!l^# : silver was not anything accounted 
of. iu the days of Solomon, jyfilP'jI.tllS^AM 
i^jmi^m: ■■ "to h.ild in esh^eui. Ji ( ■!$ ) t ; lo 
account for. f^ At $|^ \^ ; he can account for 
every thing. ftllfffH^trlf- 
Accountability, n. fj] : liis accountabilitv. fifj;^ 


Accountable, a. To be subject to iu(|niry. ?MfJ].'^ 
tp- P.a^ ■' accountalile for. s^ [1!] : you are ac- 
countable for every thing, ^l^l^h^f^ : ac- 
countable, to liear the consc([ucnces. MiMMii-!i'-''i 
to be aecounta))le. ygS^fJJfivi ; to be under con- 
trol, ^mi^y- 

Aecountalilencss. n. ^PpI^". 

Accountant. ». ±fi. '^If. l^f^A- ^^- 11^$. 

^M.^ 'I^SSli M '• accountant's assistant, ffj^- 
Accountantship, n. ijf i^^- iUl.$±,ff:- 
Accouple. V. t. To unite in paii-s (as liirds. etc.). }^ 

ff ; to pair {as in aviaries). g'df.J-. 
Aecouter. Accoutre, v. t. To jiiil on accoutrement, 

Accouterments. Accoutrements. n.pL Furniture 

for the l)ody. f)>1?,]i: armour. T^tp. '^{^^. -^^ ; 

ornaments, '^%\i : trappings. ,t|j|^. 
Accredit, r. t. f= |t- f*;'^.*- Eft- 
Accredited, pp. or a. ^fSf^. ^Ufafl^- Wb^6^ ; 

invested with jiower. ^fltlf'l-I ; to have intiuencc, 

WSfWfi^- ''>'''<' Letters patent. 
Accrescent. (/. ^:/c6vI- 
Accretion, n. Mi^: accumulation. ^#. 
Accretive, a. Bt^lii fff^fi^- l^A^i :S±- 
Accrimination, ?!. Accusation, -g- ; reproach, ^f^. 
Accroach, r. i. Jfit||. 
Accrue, i-. /. To increase. y/Df^. }f^: to arise. 

?l'lj ■• what good will accrue Irom it ? Jt^'fl'H 

S^ : to arise from this. Ol^llb- ti^JIWiS- dj 

jifc^xH!'- no advantag(> will accrue from it to 

me. ^W!i^- 
Acerument. ». ^jlljf. Mif,. 
Accubation. 7;. ^Jfl;. jLlk- 
Accumb, V. i. JL)^r- iS'^f^lll) :^- MJ$ ■ to recline 

and sleep. BJlMf^i- 
Accumbent, a. Reclining. -fJ^IS, :^n!*. 
Accumulate, r. /. or (. To lieaii up. P/j. ^^. fi^Ji. 

fl'Til- fu^- if.- It- f»^5- -^Jt- am- R'rln- IE 

m- mm- mn- aw- -fm- mn ■■ to heap up 

in layers. ^^•: to accunnilate. as sand and 
forming a sand-liank.?ti5^}^'?i|. ?j;^*;j^il|: to 
accumulate dailv. H f u ^ : to accumulate 
riches, ^f [Ij. fti^- ffr ^ #1 3l : to accumulate 
merits. ^ {* ,^, J?; • fgrfi] fi^ ; to accumulate 


(11 ) 


deeds of charity, ^^f^Jl;; inipf'S^i'^'p toaeeu- 

muiato. mz^ml nM^- Ku^t- if^T.j- 

Accmiuilatiiig'. jrpr. ^^■ 

Accunmlatioii. «. ,?;ft. ^'M : accumulation of 

secret acts of charity. ^}lI>^jJj. 
Accumulative, n. ^illJ^J. WMii'^- 
Accumulatively. a<h-. 'i'odo tiiiun's accumulative- 

Accumulator. „. Wl^- ^K^"- 

Accuracy. «. Care, jlfl. )h,i:^. J-^- JT- •- i^'''*", ij]K{W. 

Accurate, «. Careful, HIM, >h ,1^. m>C^- J^>L^- 
without fault, terg. H^- «IE- i-f-B- ^T^fa- 
•g^: to aii-ree with the pattern, {j-j^. -g-ri-?: 
neat. £jj|H. ^|ffl : nire. Jj^'^t. 

Accurately, (u/c. Careliilly. jJnjJj. : nicely. £jj-|Ifl. 
IfflSHfl^ •• withnut lault. ^-^Jf. tefg : to speak- 
accurately. ^^#p^|g : to write accurately, S 
v.] pi^S ■ unable to point out accurately. inT> 
Jt: unable to a.scertain accurately, ^-/fipj- 

Accurateness.ji. Carefulness, M-'i®: neatness, i^^. 

Accurso, r. ^ To imprecate. "Jiftll; to execrate. % 
^ ; to (loom to misery. '£^^1^; to accurse 
people. %A. 

Accursed. 7'^>. or r(. }]§_%. ^"jj. : an accursed man. 
Mt^M- may you be accursed, jjf gf;^.: a) lomi li- 
able, PT^ri'^." 

Accusable. a. Censurable, Pj^lj^d^. P^-^'d^- W 

Accusant, n. I^^^", Sl<f^-. 

Accusation. «. Indictment. ^',-51^. j^J^. ^ : a 
written indictment. Jl^-^. ^^ : the indict- 
ment (referring- to the wording nf it). |ii|f:, ^ 
opI PES- M^ : !i 'i"'"' areusation. ft'^: a talse 

■ accusation. %|£. fM^g- 

Accusative, a.orfl. The tom-th or objective case. 

Accusatively, adv. ^^^^^: having reference 
to the accusative case. ^fj^-g^i-^^'Hl. W 

Accusatory. „. ^i^m^- U^ilk- 

Accuse, v.t. To indict. Jg. -^. J^'^. '^^. ■^^, 
-Sfc- ^1?ip. :£:^-5-l^^-. to accuse falsely. Jg 
^•m^i- aSiS-, t-JS- ^4f.- to involve others liy 
lalse charges. Jgl^ : to charge a crime on one. 

Accused. ^J^;. or a. fUj^ ; to 1» in the position of a 

person accused. ^. 
Accuser, «. Plaintitf. J^,^^. J^,^^-. ^J'g 

plaintiff and defendant, J[^'g-|J'^, (^'jg 

Accustom, r. i. ori. To habituate, ^tg. fjf^; to 
practise, #^. ||W, ^il^^. tuii- tfiii : to ac- 
custom others to. jilM^S- 

Accustomable, «. Pf^^tu- 

Accustomably, adv. ^fuil^- 

Aecustomance, «. j^, ffl^. 

Accustomarily. oth-. '^^• 

Accustoma'ry. a. See Customary. 

Accustomed, p/;. Used to. fit, fg^. ^^ : accus- 
tomed to do. fi^fi^ ; accustometl to j^radise. fg 
^- iSttW: accustomed to frequent, itu: i" 'he 
habit of fljf^ : well versed in. |^i^|j ; thoroughly 
accustomed to. ■■^h'itaW- ^Ei^'^ ■ to get ac- 
customed to. ^Sl'H^- S^JJ^SS: not acciLS- 
loiued (unused) to. P/^fu- 1'uT»t^- tn do as people 
are accustomed to. It'ltiiMVl- ^WiilM- I'f is 
accustomed to smoke opium. f[I;^tiiJ4^ffl- 

Accustoming, j^pr. §ttu. ^'^i^^fu- 

Ace. n. W^viHtfL^- W--'' MM ■■ a small quantity, 
^. M- 6^ : a very little. -^fi^jPlJ-^; within an 
ace. ^— (jfi : not an ace. —^MM- ^H- 

Acephalous, a. 3iE|;|i (ilijtjj^). 

Acerb, a. @^, T^ti^gj^ |$ : harsh. v||{# : severe, gg. 

Acerbate, t-. (. To make sour, ^f^ijjc- 

Acerbity. «. Sourness with bitterness and as- 
tringency. a rough taste, ffli]^, g^^: harshness, 
M'\n-MM- a harsh disposition. titw^lJiS; 
caiirieidusness. ^^;^'il|. 

Acervate, v.t. To heap up. J(f;^. 

Acervose. a. i^^- ilti"i(t4- ifirlh;^!)- 

Acescency. n. g^ljj; . jlSflS^-. 

Acescent, a. 'J'lirning sour, ilfigt. j^B^ : things 
that have a tendency ti> turn sour, ^fl£5^^^^- 

Acesta, ,). Pi^'L-l'^kZ- 

Acetabulum, n. ^.fg. Ifli^'i-p- 

Acetic acid. n. f^fftfili- 

Acetifieation, n. The making of vinegar. |iX(?)ft|^- 

Acetous, Acetose, a. ^. it^i^. W&$fi^- 

Acetuin. n. j5},^ 

Achat, n. iJeed of sale. |g^. [ilifi- 

Ache, n. '^■'^\ head-ache. D|fi)jfi : tooth-ache, if 

Ache. r. t. To feel pain, ^^l- ^'^\: the whole 
body aches, —^i^'^i : the heart aches. t\j'^ 

^- ^ r^. 

Acliia. n. Sugared liamlioo sprouts, ^^ft^- ^ 
Achievalile. n. That may )je performed, pIj^-PJ^ 

Achieve, v. t. To carry on to a final close, T^y^. ffti 
ik-^'x.-lky^hTkHl-'^lk-^ to achieve one's 
object. fi^^"M"^. Ji^.Jii ; to achieve a victory, 
timMW- • to achieve and to lose, |^f|. 




Achieved, pp. Completed, M ^- fi!4 ^iic. ! gained, 
^ ; achieved a great victory. ^JzM ' l'" ^''^^ 
achieved great things, flillj'?,^^. 

Achievement, n. ]\rerit. j/j. Jfj i^. jfl |S, li^ ; 
completion. T^~X ^ T^- ^ ^\ '• achievement of 
great meritorious acts, y^t,^,-^)], \i\iLW\^, 7)^± 

Achiever, n. (Jnc who accomplishes a purpose, ^ 

Aching, ppy. To feel pain. ^i)fi ; jiain, -fig. 

Achlys. n. nji^^. 

Achor, «. .^ffijpiji^. 

Acliromatic. „. ^ntT^g, (fitSf-S^)- JiSg-^IS- 

Acid. n. Sour, ill. 

Aeid. «. Bg. acetic acid, f^ gg^. ?iff§il|t : citric 
iieid. mmn- n-ystallzed acid. ^f^ffPJrJt: 
mui'iatic ncid. Rjfflj^. E|ij'^7ji: : nitric acid. Si^' 
'€,-m^?\iK- dihited nitric acid, i';}; Sf ?ffi 7jC ; 
sulphuric aeid. WMH^. UiVi^'f^7]<. \ diluted 
sulphuric acid, i^JjSil^il?^ ; tartaric acid. "^^ 

Acidity, n. |g, I^Hji. [I^iflf. 

Acididatc. r.t. Totin^ewith an ncid. ^Jf^. -J^^^ 

Aciduhxted, pp. ova. Tin.o-ed with an acid. I^fisi 

Acidulous, n. ^^^'.j. Lf^if^- 

Acknowledfje. r.t. To own or confess. |g, -g". fj^. 
^1^' ^SIS- tSni^ ■' to acknowledge a crime. 
mm^ -tP- ficP: to acknowledge a favour. Wi 
,•3- lis.-, to acknowledge a benefit, ^J,!*'. : to 
acknowledge au error, ggft; to acknowledge a 
letter. :g [SI §. ^tjff : toacknowiedge of one's 
own accord, j^ g<g.. 

Acknowledger, «. |ig$f. 

Acknowledging. 2>;n-. f^.. ^f. |ll),ff. ig:?^^. 

Acknowledgment, ?i,. Confessiiui. |^.. ■^, fg^ : 
acknowledgment of a favour. |y,iM ; acknowledg- 
ment of a letter, [51^. 

Acme, »i. The top. the highest point, H ; the 
extreme point, i^. i^)^: acme of e.vcellence, 
(IjSl: the height of danger (disease), ^'i^. 

Acolothist, n. ^ff^. 

Aconite, n. ^ (?). 

Acop, adv. ^]|5. 

Acorn, ,i. ;gg^'' ;i*^ 9^. ;f H ^ : the edible acorn, 
tile quercus cornea. ^CfH-^fp-?: of another 

Acorned, «. ftif-gg'^^. 

Acorus, 71. Calamu.s, or sweet ting. g;;fi, gijgfj, ^ 

Acosmia, «. ^af. ;j£|g. MjJ^. 

Acoustic, a. Pertaining to the ears, %% ; pertain- 
ing to the sense of hearing, ® ^ ^ ;^ ^ ; 
pertaining to the doctrine of sounds. ^^^;^ 

Acoustics, n. tMM^M- ^$- La- 

Acciuaint. v. t. To inform. ^ fg. 4^, JJ. J^. ^ : to 
acquaint him with it, f Jfg^gi ; to announce to 
one, ffiffeJa : to state, to inform against, ^gjp ; 
to explain. ^ ; to apprise of. jj^ ; to announce 
clearly. ■^^ ; to communicate, j^f^. 

Acquaintance, n. Intimacy l)etween friends, if 49 

;£■ iT4a$- W+atfi}. ^nffl. ^iS, 4nB- +h^ 

± til • +B 1^ ;!: A . 'te fli ^- ; knowledge. _^ |g ; 
very extensive knowledge, **^1I|; limited 
knowledge, :floSffK; slight ac((uaintance 
with, IIJjnj.'jNl^ : an acquaintance, a friend. 
M^'- one with wlmui we keep intercourse, ^ 
;^; mercenary acquaintance. JBl^fl^S- Ml^ 
il5£l& ; an old acquaintance, -^-/^; old ac- 
quaintances, ^fl^T^. %>m%-^ : a very old ac- 
quaintance, if ^ j]^ ;^ ; a very intimate ac- 
quaintance, ^UmMW^M'k-^^-- a short 
acquaintance, ^ifiiftlijj.^pniitali : a slight ac- 
quaintance, ^iBin^A: a thorough ac(iuain- 
<ance. ^fj : a friend in need. tbWiM'k- an 
outward friend ( tbrnuil acquaintance), P0^4a 

Ac((uainted. pp. Intimate with. 49 ;5, 4a^. 40 
^. 4aJpi-4aB: familiarly known, fg^; 
known to each otiier. 4a=i. 4(1 IS : slightly 
known. l!iHft,^.fillil#iniB; thoroughly versed 
ill- PH 1^ ■- thdroughly acquainted with this 
doctrine. jlJlsljJtil : to make acquainted with, 
to introduce one to another, 5I|^. 

Acquainting, ppr. Informing. fg^iH- 

Acquest, 9i. Gain, ^ij ^ ; conquest, ^\^ :>M: 
giiods acquired by purchase or donation, ^ Hflq 

Acquiesce, v.i. To rest satislied, TfjUoij.. -^fj^: to 
submit to, ^g ; to comply with. ^'^. ^t^ : to 
yield. =f , jaU- to assent to. :fc . :fc?t- -Kt, 
1^ :fc ; to agree to an arrangement . ^ -^ ; to 
acquiesce cheerfully, '|^|;^: to acquiesce easily, 
^^^it '• I acquiesce in vour proposal, ^^ 
it ft^ m M ■ -^i^ifr^m- ^m flu ff : to give 
quiet assent, RjJ^flifti. 

Acquiescence, n. A quiet assent , ^ Jii" , ff §,?. ; a 

* Thi.s and all the following; verljs are in general followed 
liy in, to Unow, when used in the sense ot'to iiitbrni, to coni- 
ninnicate, &e. The tcrniinative or the ixMsonal object is nl- 
way.s placed hetween the verb^, to coninumicate, and tj), 
to know. 




silent submission, ^^ , jjl^^ ; apparent con- 
tent, 53lS.^I&; to assume the appearance of 
content, gftti. [IWMI^- 

Acquiescent, a. Disposed to submit. t4t#5St(^- '14 
Acquiet, v. t. ^ .Ki^ , ii" Al^jiJ- 
Acquirable, a. That can be obtained, pT^O^' RT 

^^^ ; that which can Ijc learnt, pj"^(3f|. 
Acquire, v.t. To obtain, t#. 3S^1#^ ! '" :ic(juiie 
great lame, '\^:k.^^ ; to acquire (or earn) mon- 
ey, Hf.^ ; to acquire wealth, ^ ly-. : to 
acquire a science, !^^^ ; to acquire additional 
knowledge, y/DJ'^;!!!^. 
Acquired, i>p. or a. f|fl|. JiT- MT^ ET ; he 
has acquired large gains, :k,^fj\^\ to have 
acquired people's coniidence, fxf AJtl">- 
Acquirement,!). Attainment, ::;f"^: acquirements 

(in art), -^^ ; gain, fijg, m^A^M- 
Acquirer, u. 'tt^', fe'^. ^g", W^, E^- 
Acquisition, ji. ^-^. Jig. Bf llllJvI ; great acquisitions, 
JcWfSI; gi'eat attuiumenls, :t^:k, ^flt- J^f 
fH'^^ ; gain, ^ijii ; the student's assistant lor 
the acquisition ot a language, !^lS"i$:^- 
Acquisitions, a. ^^Jijf!^. ^Tfii -^vJi^lJ-l- 
Acquisitive, a. f^JiJUUt, i^y{i%^V^!^- W^- 

Acquisitiveness, n. Desire of possession, 'Si1&- ^■> 
Acquit, v.t. To clear from a charge of crime, ^ 

mBm, m?^M- tiHP; to set nee. miA- m 

1&- nm- fi^KJ. I&lfil ; to absolve, MP- ?IP; 
to acquit ot a deht, ^i^ \ to acquit of a pro- 
mise, gg"=; to ai-ijuit one's self from blame, 
g/'fP/Jfet^ ; to acijuit one's self towards a person. 

Acquittal, n. A person's judicial discharge from a 
crime, H^A^, E)tit*SP. P-t'ffiiP- MB. 
Ai^ ; setting a person free, ^^1^. ||j'^. 

Acquittance, «. Acquittance from a crime, ^||5^ 
IP ; acquittance from a debt, a receipt in full, 

Ac(iuilling. 2)p''- letting free, ^ Jii ; pard(ming, 

Acrasy, n. Intemperance, ^i^dz-^- 
Acre, * n. A Chinese laud measure, f^. 

* Thu English acre is lUU square rod.s ur 4,840 square yards. 
Tlie Chinese is variously statud ; Medliurst, following the 
Board of Revenue, gives the Rllat 7, '310 .square feet, or-g-ofan 
English acre ; Williani.s (Vocabulary of the Canton Dialect) 
gives the JR at 7?3— square yards or C-fjj- to an English acre. 
In the "Commercial Guide," p. 287, he gives the average of 
6 to tit hX to an English acre, which gives 13.'21lj inches 
English measure to the Chinese foot (R,)- As almost each 
province lias its standard measure, a foreigner, in purchas- 
ing land, must either specity the measure to be used or he 
must be satisfied with the one adopted by the treaty powers. 

Acrid, a. Pungent, ^; bitter, piquant, ^ ; sharp, 
pungent taste. $$|i}^ : bitter and acrid, ^|$. 

Acridness, n. ^tf ilf^,- 

Acridophagus, n. ^^g^^. 

Acrimonious, a. Sour and pungent. ^I^t^f^fi^; 
bitter and pungent, ^f^fi^ ; corrosive, ^J^fi^ ; 
possessing the q\ialitv of dissolving Iwnlies, ^ 

im^iM- ^imiiyji ■■ «'vcn., is^iuifj, iftinf 

f{^ ; as pungent, as giager. i[li«'Pli-^^l. 

Acrimoniously, adv. Willi sharpness and bi(t(q'- 
ness, iu'^UMi^- 

Acrimoniousuess. n. '}!sWyL^- 

Acrimony, n. Pungency, i*iff ilHiijl, S^gtP'j'!;'; 
iltr^Mi.'^- harsliuess, ^ijjf : severity, fg 
i^m ■■ pctulancy, P^P^. ^iU- Sf^fSf ■ 

Acritude. n. f$t$^nfr. 

Acrouiatic, AcrDuiaticul. a. Abstruse. ^^". 

Acrolith, H. ^^i^m^M- 

Aeronic, Acronical. a. j'^MUJ;^^- 

Acrospire, n. ^, |*^, 

Acrospired, a. ?|il^-- W*- Ulii^- 

Across, j3j-ep, |^, |^, fS i"" . II? fr '• '" p'-^'^'fi 'td'oss, 
%\fi. 4Tt|'( : to go across a road, f^i^^: to go, lytkf r i *o 8° across (as over a river), ^ 
j^; to go across the ocean, ^^ii§,-M ^ ^ 'i^ie 
across another, f|^^ ; to come across one, to 
annoy one. ^^"m'^m- 

Acrostic, n. ^A^mW^M'^- -ft 

Acrosticon, n. * — fj. 

Acroter, n. Small pedestal, ^ ; pedestal of pil- 
lars, y{i^ ^. 

Act, I. i. or t. To exert power, j^, f^, -[7, JJ, j^ : 
to move, gi: to liehave. fr^ • '*• "*'' >'P ^^^^ ^i 
to represent. ^^mM- m^- <" '"l"'"''- fScX 
^- fiSii:^- •f^I-- >o uianage. W^W*- to begin 
t" 'tct, ,11 -t. [53 #. jitiDii. ggx. T-^- m^- m 
^ : to act well, frSitf. f^mW. Tt# ; to act 
t'lr, f^fr- f^ti^' f^3- MtT : tt) act up to one's 
duty. ^:i\'^- S;^^ : to act up to one's pro- 
mise, 1^ ■§ ■• to act vauntingly, JEiK; to act 
disorderly, -j^i-^.. ^f; : to act the part of a man. 
f^iiA- J^A : to act on the stage, j^lt \^$\ : to 
act the jiart of a puppet-player, #^fi^|i M 
i^ffi; to act the bulloon, f^ ; to act the spy. ij^ 
^-f- ^BJi@ ■ to act according to circuui- 
slances. ^fit. ilt^lW- r^-liiru'^; to act 
when a good chance ofi'ers, ^E|fc ; to act accord- 

* Chinese namesor signboardsconsistingonly of two char- 
acters, they often present a pair of scrolls, the uiipermost 
characters of which (being the first of the Rhyme) form 
the name of the person to whom the poem alludes. 


( 14) 


ing to ordors. ^j^U- f/S^-JSff: ^^ '• to act 
the hypocrite. fSifSS- #[T : 'f* '>ft cautiously, 
)h<5lT^ ; to act oue act in a play^— UJIS : to 
act against one's conscience. ^i(!?A'6- 

Act. 11.' u^. i^i^. M^,. w*^- Rffr- m^- m 

•fi^ : in the act ot leaving. Jjf ^;- : a wiclced act. 
Bft : a good act, ^ H : a daring act. f^ff . "^ 
ff . ®:f^ : an act of a play. - [[ij^. -gi^. - 
;$;|!i: act of oblivion. :/ci(: :_ji«ticial acts. ^$\{: 
acts, doings of a jierson. ^ij ; an act of legis- 
lature, — ^M- /lTA ■ '^ decree. — 5t±l!' — 
•^^^ ; an act upon appeal. ±'^. [|i 

Acted, p2^. Done, f^|E; concluded, as a play, ^^yQ 
Acting, ppr. f|^; to do duty for another person. 
f^H ■• plii.viiig (on the stage). -f;^|Ji : an acting 
party, ff^: acting appointment. § ff : an 
acting .surveyor general. ^-MSM"^- 
Action, )i. Jlotiou. JifJ: agency, motive power. 
^iWl^iJ '• to put into action, filify ; the action 
of one lindy upon another. Jf^^^iJ-JftS J^: n, deed. 
fr:^- ^if- '■ondiict. ,VuH- Ulk- his conduct. 
iTMU^- Hi^mn- to lie in action. WiH ■ 
an action in war. iJ-iM- —W-fTilk- W—iU ■ 
a Ijloody action. ^ ^§, ; to bring an action 
against one, iTiSI(f^ ^'g-- ^^^A ■ an action 
in business. |j5 ; an action in a table. ^.0 : a 
good action, ^fj : a wicked action, ^.fj. 
Actionable, a. PjfffKj. Pi^^m^- ^^^,:^IA- 
Actionary. «. One who has shares in a slock or 

company. ^)j^^. 
Active, a. Agile. I^^mi W-7-511I. ^ t.n^i*. 
Mfj. m)l- i'l''>t- 111??-- industrious. fjX- Mi} ■ 

quick. Msg. fi-.iij. tJii:i. mi- mik- mm- 

active (said of an old man). ^J^ : tlvet (as sol- 
diers). $f J^^iJ : smart, f^f^ij, f^fg : an active verli. 
It f S ^ • '"'tive property. Tfi ii : blood not 
active. jSlJlT^tS- 
Active! V. adr. In an active manner, ^j. ^■JjX.i 
a- il^J^ia- 'iim- <o he actively engaged. 
WiM- liX- ill -111 active signiiication. fg!^f7 

Activeness, n. JljX ; (juickness of motion, ^M. '• 

activeness. as soldiers, ^^^.t 
Activitv. n. 'J'hc habit (if diligent pursuit, fjjjj. 

M>\jiiix- Wii}Mx, mijmx^- n>\jim- 
wub^M- im- qiii'-kii'ss. t)i^- mm-- I 

admire his activity, "^Sl^^^jj : feats of 
activity. VtH- in lull activity, in motion, f^ 

Actor, n. One who performs a dutv. ^'i"",. IfH^f^i: 
an actor on the shige. jg A. «. ^^, @(^, 

^®^f^. ssMA^ mm- imm^ mim-^ 

one who represents another on the stage. ^ A '• 
one wlio represents the ancient. ft^^f^A'- 
a company of actors. -^fJiH^. JlfE^M'- 
the actors are in general callerl ^ : the 
principals, civil and jnilitary. f{j ^, >]\5t;; 
the jirincipal singer. JT.^. I^.^: secondary 
singer. >J\^; the interpreter, jf ^ : one who 
represents an old man. ^ JiH ; tlie rejiresen- 
tative of a rogue. :;^ ||: BiJ. '^M' the repre- 
sentative of a virtuous person. Zl:{^^: fencers, 
?^^: ILW}^; the rascal. ^J; the female 
characters, who arc represented by boys, are 
called 0.; representatives of doubtful charac- 
ters. ^^0.- I't'pi'osentatives of chaste characters, 
IE_0 : female warriors, 4j5(;ja : representatives 
of old women. ^^IJ : tumblers. P; j. : a rascally 
character, ^3t- 

Actress, n. 0.. -icM.- 

Actual. «. I?eal. t^H^. •«#• Mt- Sit- Jtfli 
fiffv M%- Jft^. '^Mff^ : in actual military 
service. Vai^ • in actual civil .service, 'f^^*^ : 
the actual state of aifairs. ^^^^islfj^: actual 
cautery, itl^fi- 

Actuality, n. Keality, :^% 

Actually, adv. LVally. ^j^n. @^«. Jt^^l^. -^JJ^. 
ft-lii- Hf?:- m^x- mB', it leailv is'so, ^K 
mn- fl'jt. Fifm: at present. ^^. 

Actuary, n. A register or clerk, ^'fii. 

Actuate, c. t. To imjiel. fjJitf . -I^ff- "ffi- '1^ ■ 'o 
put into motion. j^2.Wl- 

Acluated. j'J'- S • actuated by avarice. -glS^jilf 
^ ; actuated by fear, actuated by pride and a\a- 
rice. itjv^S^Ifij UJ : actuated by love for riches. 
•^lUiUlSi}'; actuated by benevolence. W\M^Wl 
Aiiij^ : actuated by mercenary views. liJfiJ,^^'- 
actuated by virtuous sentiments, tt^^j^JilflS- 

Acuate. c. t. To sharpen, J^^iJ. 

Acuition, n. Sharpening. ®^ij. 

Aculeate, a. Pointed, 'J^(]^}. fiiJjfKj- 

Acumen, n. A sharp i«iint. i^. iSJ. fj^|g, ^-ij^ : 
sagacity, ^^,nj]. 'Q-fJ. f';>f|!j: sharpness (said of 
objects)", la^ij. t^m- *^'iarp at repartee. li^P. 

ma- muum- 

Acuuiinate. k. t^: havinu' a long tapering point, 

Acuminated, a. ^^ij. 
Acumination. n. ^. t^. 

Acupuncture. ,>. fi'^ifi-i^^JlJifi: Hi'^ajiplica- 

tion of the needle only. $|-ii-: cautery. ^15^^^. 

Acute, (I. Sharp pointed. ^, IJ^Sf^, ||, ^^ij: op- 


( 15 ) 


posed to blunt, ^ij. il^^ij ; slirowd, ^fj ; pene- 
trating, jffiii. ]}i?,n|J. ^BfJ; ingenious, f^ffij ; 
dist-erning, lj!;^.|^. gglj/J : iiii aeuto angle, k^^, 
i]\^ ; acute aiigiihir. Ui^ (\^ : an acute accent, 
fi^il'-^fli '111 Mciile (liscasc. fi!\-^^: acute pain, 
mMrS. timing f;. !f.fifll=^PJ; nn acute :in- 

Acutely. fi,h: Ijifnj]. ^;-i;)J : to reason acutelv. |^ 

Acuteucss. )!. Sharpness of olijects. UJ. ^12- 3^ 
>pij; sharpness of reasoning or disputing, n f^ 
'k^l "BsSi^;f'J; aeutcness of sight. ftM- M 
tlji: aculeness of discovery, !ti|rMi|jt(11];|ii]- ^ 
^fScMtii • iic'uteness of understanding. ]\^.\ij] : 
shrewdness. J5J^; penetration. J^j^. 

Adage, «. A common saying. ^M?f, fgpTJ-. 'JpS- 
^b5 : a vulgar adage. -(IgH.glSif/J; an old saying. 
-^Ui : a proverb, |,;tg?} ; an adage, —^pjf^i^- 

Adagio. ■)(. A slow movement (in music), f^, '1§, 

Adam, v.* jIIifH. is*: Adam-liler. ^^. 

Adam's-appie, u. m^- m^- mmM- ^amM- 

Adamant, n. mUll Ml^lTi M^- 
Adamantean. a. J\^iu^.'f\- i(ll3?.Sn!U.5- 
Adamantine, a. m^;t!lk- ^fil^mM- i^MlS 
ffti'lE; "lilt 11a 1 alTection as strong that they can- 
not be broken. Aifl'^iiuJilTi ±.12 : adaman- 
tine ties, ii^M^^- 
Ada mites,)). ^'/ . ^>^^fsX- 
Adapt, v.t. To fit. ^, f-^fi-. +ug. iffigij. fffiil^, 

Adaptability, n. Pi^J^^Hi- 
Adaptalile. a. Pj^. Pj^/fl. Pl^f!. 
Adaptation, „. ff;^. i^^M'^i- Pj^ffi. -^FfS, 

Adapted. pjK -g-ffl.^^: suited, -g-j^: fitted, 
^^ : that which should lie taken, jf Ig : suita- 
ble. -Q'S. iS'ii. Pl'iC: adapted for each other, 
Mi^- +0S- II^Sl: adapted lor its use. ^Jf./fl- 

Adapter. «.-ffr^^-.f^^> A. 

Adays. adv. Now adays. ^I]$. Jfll)^. 

Add, c.i. To increase in quantily. 7/I1- iifi- //Bif • 
itfii?- y/Df^: to add a little, M^dm- 1l\\—i^^ 
V\\^- \M'M\^ ■ to add a son to a family, f^ 
T ; to add up (to sum up), dtf]. ^fj-. '^^ 
^ ; to add to (raise) the price, 'i^lsjIfifH. '{^,± ; 

* ^ii l'^" monstrous personage, is according to Chinese 
fiction, not liim.self the ancestor of the hnman race ; hence 
cannot be called " the Chinese Adam ; " for when he died, 
the vermin, that were npon his body, were converted into 
the human race. 

to add weight, M'M.'^ to add many or much, 
}f 5 : to add not much. IM^^ ; unalile to add, 
f^J'PJli j^^fij : •" add and make up. j/j^^ ; 
to add one's name. If^^ : fo he added to. ^ 
tH ; to be added by you. t^tf/j;'//|| : nothing can 
be added to it. ^jiU-[iJ]i : lo add earlh. to heap 
around. J*-, ij^, //[iJJL-JnIlS: 'oadd to (for pro- 
tection as to plantsi. '^i'^\ to put in a little 
more, ^^fl^'^ ; to add and sulitraci, M'dk; to 
add grief to people. M^lj'iA : lo add sin lo 

sin. mmi- 

Addecimale, v.t. -MRJt—. 
Added. j'P- "i"/^- '^ISf?^- f^M : 'lave you added 
any? M't^vi^i^^i '^ : have you added any earth V 

Addi'udum. 71. : pi. Addenda. An appendix, Pf|, 

Adder, u. t.%. itKit #i'^ ^ti.t 

Adder's-tongue, n. i'h/J^tV). 

Addible. rt. rXvi^^. " 

Addice, «. An adz, J^^JJ. gljjf Jf. 

Addict, r. t. To apply one's self lial)itually. ^)|j>, 

mB- ?&Z^- —Z^'tHl']- -5j;f a. U'. "§: <o 
be addicted lo wini' or drinking. ng-jH. iJ-jjIS, 
^JLlIt-^iS- WiWm- rmiii\& ■■ aildicl,.d 
suality. n§Ci.Hi;/^^(?i,.^fg^e.. ;Sg,i|^: 
to be addicted to gain and pleasure. yi'iJjj^U^, ; 
addicted to lewdness, i(J-i^., y^jg, : to be addict- 
ed to cruelty and sensuality, '^ li/J [)y J^:; to ))o 
addicted to the four prevalent vices, i. e. lewd- 
ness, gambling, drinking and opium. iil!!S@C 
P^ ; to be addicted to any pursuit, itj-^. 

Addiction. «. ng. ij. j^^ fiJf 1^5- iL-i^Wtn- 

Adding, IV"-- Mi^- 

Addition. j(. Increase. Mi^: the thing added. J^( 
1\\\iL'\H'- addition to length. ://|];g: addition 
(arithmetic), jjlgt^^i- ^/DiSiJi" : addition in 
the margin of any writing, ^'j^. p,|ij,tj[; ; incapa- 
ble of further addition, irtj^fg;//!]: addition, ap- 
pendix, |I§fJ;: addition of a son to a family. j>^ 
■y ; addition, .subtraction, multijilication and 
division, M'm,^^. 

Additional, «. nmm- nm-^- ^- mm±m- 

additional tax, 4^^. fS'^^ additiomil Jiap- 

piuess, J-Jg. 
Additionally, adv. m^M- ^M- ^^h^ '<^^- 
Additory, a. M^^- 
Addle, a. Empty. /Jg : not fruitful. ^,^^^^\ 

addle eggs, i^i%^.. 4*^^- ^: '"t'l''' li'-n*^^ 

(addle pated), ^^^ flS*S-if^> #1^- fd^^ ^ 

m ; putrid, |i^,J^. 




Addlings, n. Xlfi- 

Addorscd, rt. "1^1^. ^^WE- 

AddrfebS, V. t. To spoiik or spoak to, ^, ?^-. 0, pg, 
fS. IS- Wn^' SR- : '" sp^'i'^' to '"i pM-son. S^A 
IS- liiABf. RtA §•• ft ASft. ^K^- [Si Ar^g ; 

to address him sayiu.u' fused in liooks oulj'), '^ 
;J^0 ; to iv|ily. f.f flll|5t ; fo address in one's 
presence, •'^Mlfi '■ '" ;iddress a letter, SSJft' 
K- fsffU*^- SfsJK; lo address a superior, 
^. ; 1o address as a Consul to high Chinese au- 
thorities, JtB'^ ; to address as Chinese officials of 
equal rank, ^jSC ; *" address the emperor, ^ ; to 
consign, fEldf ; to address God, %M1.1^\ to 
address one's self to business, fiff fj?^ ; to ad- 
dress one politely, ^P^- 
Address, n. A verbal application, 'jfif'g-. MW<^ M 
IfFi MW-- S0/3 : address to the emperor, "jjif^ ; 
the emperor's address to the people, jgjln^; a 
message of congratulation, g^ ; a man of pleas- 
ing address. iTJill-i A- Slfii : a person of 
an awkward address, it#±3lt; courtship. % 
%: mutual address, ^jj;^ ; 'It-.xterity, ^3^, ftj- 
TTliS ; direction of a letter, ff ±^^, f=^h±. 
^- flkilh • to send a letter to one's address. || 
^;^;^ ; my address is as follows, l^^^tfefit^i 

Addresser, n. ^^ : preacher, s||ii^, ^■^. 

Addressing, jU^''- I'irecding, 'BtMJS.^- 

Adduce, v.t. To cite. fg^j. i^\m, ^||ij, 5|f(|,. Pj\ 
^■, to adduce i.roofs, «|||^. 

Adducible, a. "TI'JlfH^/Ul- 

Adduction, 7i.Jffijtg? (said of muscles); citing, 5Ij|E. 

Adductive, «. ^|,t!irti ?|ajfl-l- 

Adductor, «.Jffi a? ;>f]li. 

Ademption. «. Jtevocation, 25:,^i iX^M '■< t'^c revo- 
cation of a privilciio. j^J^.. 

Adept, «. If ^. lltii^-. if^. 

Adept, «. Well skilled in. ^^, §.^. jti^, -:g^, 
^J-^|fe; well skilled in mechanical arts, ^fft 
ftl^. tnH : very well skilled in. Pl|i£ij. 

Adequate, «. 't, ^. [^'gT- B- &■ '^^ ^lll- fF^, 
Jg.ffl ; adequate to the office. tgtStt, ^W4t 
fj; ; strength adequate to, ij^fit'^ ; not ade- 
quate to. ijT^Si^'' adequate to an under- 
taking, Ifb^ifi!^?}^ ; adequate to (deserving of), 
m'^-im ■■ -'ii ade,|nate suj^ply. ^ffl. JS.fif. 

Adequately, a,h: y^^l- %i- -fi-J^f^-lfc : adequately 
executed. #i@.^. 

Adeqxateuess. n. .Iiistnes.s of proportion or repre- 
sentation, -g"^^-, ^^k- 

Adhere, v. i. To stick to, )ffi, IJf, fifi, i), J^^^, Bfi 

f±- mit, m, fis : to stick fast, mm- m% srs 

mm- 'Hm^m- W^^m- to adhere fo ob- 
stinately (as to an opinion, etc.), ^,'j. ^."ij^. j{,y{J^, 

Wi^i ii'im- i!mj>m- s^^i- ftasT>^. 

^iM- t/l £. ; to adhere to (be attached to), ^j^, 
fii^- M'M '• to adhere to one another, ^fl'JE ; 
to adhere to, to follow, i^f^, C.y^ ; to adhere 
to a doctrine. '|§^j^^ ", to adhere to custom, 
^JK^E: to adhere to petty formalities, i!q\Jlth 
If ; to adhere to justice, ^JV- S^ ' to adhere 
to correct principles, ^lE. ^g. SE- UB^ 
fJ| ^. 5Egi) : to adhere to with steadtastncss. jf 
:f/ff ; to adhere to one's declaration, ^^^|g, 
'linT>f|' ^PT'H; to adhere to ancient 
notions, iljif;^^. 

Adherence. ». Sticking to firmly. m% ^% 
3^; adherence to order. ^>ij.[SI,^ ' adherence 
to a person, ^Ff^ ; atfcctionate adherence, §*S ; 
steadiness of mind, '^jfj.. "11)5 '> fixedness of 
purpose, ^^. 

Adherent, a. Sticking, Jf^fi. fff ^ . 

Adherent, ?i. Follower, ^l^. f'^i't^i '■ a follower 
of a governuu'nt officer. SSiW^'- adherents of a 
faction. t;il. If'). [a]ff . p31^-, iPlfg. fti]S(. 

Adherently, adc. In an adherent manner. ^fiUfK 

Adherer, n. Follower, ^^^i. Kil^-. 

Adhesion, n. Sticking. Jf^fJ)]. f^J^ ll- Ifi^: ad- 
hesion of two things, ft^Pl^ifijII!- 39^-^Tt^: the 
adhesion of iron to the magnet. i^^i^^B^i^- 

Adhesive, a. Sticky. |^^. |f (i^. |tljf±. jJ^JiS^, 
if Dgil^- mtm ; tenacious, jtSM-, 7*. fl^jg, ^5|!i. 

Adhibit, i-. t. To use. ^ ; to apply (as paultice), j^, 


Adhibition. n. f^. 
Adhortation, n. Advice, ^. 

Adiantnm, i>. Jlaiden-hair. ®'B*il^- ^M&- M 
^.^11- SiK: adiantum nulaUum, ©,^1^, 

Adinphory, n. HL^#M, ###^- 

Adieu, acZr. Farewell (said liy the remaining 
party), -g&^p^- M'^- ^SSUBiM: thank you ! 
(is the rejily of the one who departs). |lJ|S(fH 
%&)■ MM • "f^'C" tor ever ! ^igiaS'J ; '"".V ' 'O't 
bless you ! M]±'t(f^%& • to liid adieu, -^ff:-. •© 

Adipose, a. flG^?. [M- 

Adit, 71. JjtP. 

Adjacent, «. Near. i£. FfjJE ; not far. Sd^ji;; 
I'jordering upon, jt^, j^^. g|^. ^^ ; to live 
adjacent to, |f||5^, 4ij||p ; to live close to, -^^ ; 




adjacout eoimlry. H] HiiMif ^ 'MB- 
Adject, v.t. To add, y/pj^. 
Adjeclion. n. Mfyfi: (he thing added. BiM;tis- 

Adjective. ?;. fjt^- (in graniniar). 

Adjective! V. (k/c. To use as an adjective, id^'i^Wl 

in. mm^iiii- 

Adjoin, v.t. or i. To be contiguous, ':^^. Ffji/f. ^fl 
^ ; to unite. 'M'^. ]\m, -^ ^, fii^- ^^{S-. f LIS- 

Adjoining, ^f^jr.oivf. ^ordering uiion, ^Jc 3?^ ; ilie 
a(tjoiiiing room. p^gf. P^iilj-; adjoining province, 
M'-^ ; joining, jg-^ : near, ig. 

Adjourn, v. t. or i. To put otl'. iCij . 5E11|J. iJIJJg. Jif^,','-:. 
iiii- 3i5£ ; to delay, MB'F- iffiM- MM : lu 
adjourn to another day. il^H • JS^ftii ■ 

Adjourning, ppr- M^ WW.- 

Adjournment. ». ^Efg J-: tospeidfy tliedayofineet- 
ing again. Je B JUllll^ : '• prorogation, Ig^. 

Adjudge, v.t. gjITi, fijij. ^^. Jg:£ : to award, 
ilii; to award loa certain jierson. ^WJi^^A- 
f'jm!:^; »o adjudicate. |,liii. ^i(. 

Adjudged, p/;. Iljjl. '4^2£-§. jlM^^^;i£. 

Adjudicate, t-.^.or/. ^> ij ,'#:]§{. ^gj^. 'fljij. fij 

Adjudication, ?;. A judicial trial, gf^' f'JBf' ® 

Adjugale, r.i. To yoke to. J:$E. 

Adjunct, 71. 1l\\m.i'§},m(i^'.\f]- FfJ Si. ffiii : an 

adjunct (in grammar), j'fjj'ij.fon^: fin appendage, 

Pfif^f; an assistant, ft^-. 
Adjunction, n. Hm^'V/}-. Ff'liii:#J- 
Adjunctive, «. Ff^Jj^fi^j: ha\ing the (juality of 

joining, ^fUm^B- 
Adjuration. ?i. A solemn charging on oath, pgj A 

IfS'. liK'iJ'fxS' ' a ehai'ginn' one under the 

penalty of a curse. ^-SmkHililA- 
Adjure, v.t. To charge on oath, f£%. ^if . ia A 

?|^- : to charo'e on pain of God's wratli, }^% 

Adjurer, n. One that exacts an oath. ^Mii^t Js 

Adjust, r. t. To make exact. ^^J-. ^f^. ■^^. ag 
f?-S-. igff: : to put in order. ^%<. fymn, M 
t- mm- ¥SB- -mm. if^ll ; to arrange. -^#, 
^. :Jt:}a •• to arrange nicely. Hmmh : t<. ad- 
just an account , f,\U^B- ^'M-^B ■ toad- 
just a difficult v, Mft ■ it is not easy to adjust 
(that affair), ^^^^W- ^Wmm^ to adjust 
the various tastes in medicine or eataliles, IBjIJJi, 
nBJ^UlIlk- "^W'M ■' to correct errors (of conduct), 
^iS, 5fIE. aE. miE; to adjust errors (in 
mechanics, &c.). ^\£ ; to adjust the hair, ^j^gs. 

nil :■ to adjust a ))alance. ^%^ : to adjust 
the principles of nature. '^SiriP^- fullllll; 
to fit. ^-^ : to adjust so as In suit one. ^fij-^ 
^-: to adjust the price. tDfil. V^ifi- 

Adjusted, pp. mm'A- \Wh- ¥^^- :^^@' x^. 

Adjuster, «. •{f ^^. 

Adjusting, ^j/jr. |ii/-. fil^, ll'&ji:. 

Adjustment, h. f'f ag. ^JJiE ; suitina-. ^■^ji- 

Adjutage, n. Wp^vii. M*'>J- 

Adjutancy. li.j'qlj'a'ifS. 

Adjutant. •«. Hlj-g; : adjutant-general. ,',ilj)j|. ,^ilJ|SI5 

Adjulatnr. n. ^Ij/j^. iff^^-. •t:^. 

Adjutrix, n. :^f|f5^-. 

Adjuvant. «. ^mi\'l- 

Adjuvant, n. ^ll/yfl'jUjc (in medicine). 

Adjuvate. v.t. f.fjl/;. 

Adlihitum. At lii.ertv. at pleasure, {i-^.. inS'. 

xVdnieasure, v.t. §;)^. 

Admeasurement, «. f ijj^. fij^. jvi-^- iM%Ri^ 5 
ship's admeasurement. ^ln;^'iriijj^. 

Adnieasurer, n. ^M^- 

Admensuration, n. See Admeasurement. 

Administer, v.t.ori. To dispense, j^ : to give, j^, 
{Ig ; to manage, fj^JS- ^Jtl!. ^g^. '^<^- zE^. 
,^1^- '^i^- : to administer ja-ovisionally. MM ; 
to direct. ^[j^l| ; to administer medicine, 
'li?l|jf^A^ ; to administer to the poor. 
p|t : to manage a school, ^|^ : to manage 
(as a joli), mi^^-M ■ allow me to direct that, 
Ji^K^itJ?; to administer an oath, liffe^H-; 
to administer an oath in a Chinese court, jl 
^i- J^ta ; to administer the Lord's supper, Jjl^ 
f I : to adminisler the laws of a state. JIBflifi 
^B-Ji- Mf^ififn'- f^iiifHlil; to administer to 
his pleasure, //DilliSfili. 

Administration, n. The government. ^^ : the 
court. ^Jji? ; the administration of justice. 2j2 

Administrative, a. ^-lli-^i. Ifp- 

Administrator. «. Administrator of a government, 
[S]^, : the administrator of an estate, '^^, 

f;'#^^;?:A ; a tutor, fiiiij^. 

Administratorship, n. iXM^^^- 

Administratrix, n. Administratrix of a govern- 
ment, -^-g; adnii-nistrairix of an estate, -^'^ 
% ; administratrix of an institution. ;^^llj. 

Admirable. «. )^^\t- %{\kM^ ^#. "^M- S#, 
S^T-- M#; excellent, ^t^. gij-. ^i#. *J-^, 
Pf^^j : very wonderful, ^®-^^ •• astonish- 




ing. ardlWU; Jiow wonderful! i^-^. #^ ; 

snljlimo, MM- 
AdmimWeuess. n. ^#. ^S|f. ^AH^-- 
Adiuiralil}-. aJr. t&^^lk,' iidiiiirahly douo, jf^ 

•M&; admirably teautiful, ^Ji'l^Pf^, g£S 

Admiral, n. 7Kf;ir(!ii--7KfiiIJ.^-;^'g' : vi<?e-admiral, 
7K[;i|i.fl!it: roar-admiral. yKMlWi'^- ^"^''^ '"S''^ 
admiral. 7K]]\\]^^/\l^^. 

Admiralty, n. 7l^f,\J]^%: tliocoarlnfadiuiralty,7jc 
mmkr, ^'Jrd^ol- tho admiralty. 7Kfif JflJgfJftf^l). 

Admiration, n. Hi^. t5^W:. ?^,tf : intense ad- 
miration. S*p. !ij^±f|.!f Pf ±.|§: the note 
of admiration is in Cliinese e.vprossed by '^■^, 


Admire, v.t.ovi. To regard with wonder, j^^, |^ 
^•. ;^^- '1^^; to admire with approjjation. 
^M- ^H- WM- ^Wa- ^^" to besm-prised 
•It- E'^- f^^l-'- lis. [U^: to admire one, f|f 
=3A : to admire and magnify. :j5)J;^ : to de- 
light in. ^f;. It'^. 

Admirer, «. ff r^^. fiff-t-^'- BSS-Jf. 

Admiring, ypr. ^^ty- ^f S. 

Admiringly, rtcZt\ Admiringly l)oantiful. ^^.^ 

Admissibility, n. PrgSt^. ^kM- m%- T^- 

Admissible, a. nr^d^. P]-^fil5i J5tf#, Bgf#nr- nr 
?t- pTA. 

Admissiiin. 5;. Permission to enter. ?f(i A- f£-A- ii^ 
A- nrp. ^ii- St^ S.#];^|i : power to enter, 
AfS- jfEflj" : admission of an ari;iiment not fully 

proved, m^im- ^^imi-t'^K±M^m\i 

B^ : the act of admission. ^\A■ f'f M ! iidmis- 
siou of light and fresh air, 5'^5fe|pj'j, ; admis- 
sion money for the porter. P^J ji!» : admission 
money for the teacher, f if 0;5i|g : ceremony of 
admission, ®;^;i|a. 

Admit, V. t. To suffer to enter, i^fE A- HgfEA : 
to grant entrance. ii^XWM; to admit by 
ticket, if^.m^A- Jir^l-I^A; to allow to 
f^nter, 1^ A ; to admit a guest, ?^j| ; to admit 
and detain a guest, -g/^; to admit (as a child 
into an institution). f| : admit liim. ?^f[iA- 

Admittable. a. vj±- PimYi- RTA- njll^S?. 

Admittance. «. Allowance. J^ : jiermission to en- 
ter. J^A-tt A -15 A ±.t!i?: the power of en trance. 
A^ ; fht' solemn admittance of a priest, ^Jg^ 

Admitted. ^>7J. Permitted to enter. JJ^{jJi§ ; grant- 
ed, tHi'^ ■■ conceded, i^l^-l^. 

Admix, i-.«.To add and mix. |g^. ^§'^. J^-^J, 
%^ ; to mingle with, JH ^:|, || ^1^. ^ |f| ; to 

throw into disorder, ^^ji, ^fL- 

Admixtion, n. ^g^. 

Admixture, n. See ilixture. 

Admonish, v.t. '^, l^. fS^Q- |!C'T^ ^ to admonish 
a superior. 3^; to warn. "^j^^. #5^: to reprove, 
^! ^^ ; to in.struct. ^^J. 41,-^ : to admonish 
and urge, 'flj^ : to admonish the age, "j^tlt. ■|^ 
•Hi: to admouisli people. J/'efSA ; to admonish 
each other, MmWi- 

Admonished, pp. %i§^ ; reproved, ^^i§, !^]i§ ; 
warned, lij^l^M. 

AdmonLsher. n. WiJ^^ '■ adaionisher of superiors, 

Admonitive, a. Wll^(^'}■ 

Admonition, n. |||)]^, l|ia-^ =. WH^st.'d; ra- 

proof, ^g-; instruction, "tllSJC- 
Admonitive. a. HjglJ^. 
Admonitor, n. See Admonisher. 
Admonitory, a. fj^fj^. #K"n^- 
Admove, v.i. To move to, ]^^, %%)g ; to bring 

nearer, \gf\[. 
Adnascent, a. Growing on something else, ^^, 

Adnouu. n. ^^. 

Ado. n. ^^. WifM- to make mu(di ado alx)ut tri- 
fles, jjij/jog. l^Jj]. ^ Jlj : to do with much ado, 
^JJl'M}- J^ffij^.'S-:^: without much ado, ^^ 

Adelescen.-e. n. Mifn^- iJl^W^ iJl^^- 'J/^, 

M^- m±:tm- ijm^ mm^ ^m- ^isivj^ 


Adolescent, a. ^^H, % i^^m- mM^ m-Wi- 'h 

Adopt, v.t. To take into luie's lamily as son, Iji^ 
^•?- Ift^HJ-: J5-T : to purchase and adopt 
(as is the custom in China). ^J^^Hip, j/:^^, 
A'Mi'k ; to take for an heir (to succeed to the 
title and property of a familv). IgfliiiJ. jilgg. ic 
m^ Am yj^- WM ■■ to select, jt^ : t'^ ^.lopt 
an opiniim, j|^A-iS- ^A±S: to adopt (as 
customs), i^A- t;^A ; to adopt (as a fashion), 
f^ : to adopt f'hinese ^}^-^. 

Adoptediv. adv. fi^Wc. 

Adopter. «.:i-^.|ig^^, ^A«- 

Ado[)tion, n. The act of adojiting a son. j^^^^, 
JRT-;^!? : tl'e state of being adopted. -^^^ 
«-. m'P^^m^ ^-I'lhln"'! by adoption. ^^, 
7k^-p '■ children of a dilferent surname. ^^ 
^ ; nominal adoption of a child. ^J- ; lirolh- 
ers by adoption. i|j^^, ti^jl-fi^,. 

Adoptive, a. An adoptive father, ^^ ; an adop- 




(ive child, 09-^ ; * an ailoi)live eliilil (in reality), 
Adoraljlo. «. Worthy of divine honours. pf^lT-. 

ffl'f ff-iifr-rKj- pjmm^- -A^m^m, nm- 

Adorahlencss. n. Pl"vH-fV-^. ii$#^-. 

Adoration, n. ff , ■^•fV-. "^#, ^'fV-illf ; iulora- 
tionof'God. fV-J:''^ ; tlie adoration olthe spirits. 
^- ji|i ; tlie ceremony of adoration. ^t^^jj§. 

Adore, v.t. n. ^U- tm- ^?1'- W.^ ■ t^ndore 
liy prostration. 0^^- : to adore by kneeling-. ^ 
ft- : to adore hy touching- the ground -witli the 
Ibrehead, np#. ^-^U. ij-fi-^. ^mW ■ to 
adore by bowing the head. T"!"!?- iS^fV- : *« 
regard with the iilinost esteem. ^^. #¥H"' rj^ 
1^- M-^k^ #Si- l{^?jj£ : lo adore (one), f|^" :'to 
adore niuliially. if /|flf§ : lo adore heaven, f^--3^. 

Adorer, «. AVorsliipjior. Jl'il. '^^-^i : an admir- 
ing lover, WM15- ni'R-ri- 

Adorn, v.t. To make leaiitiful. ii^%\i. ^%]i : to 
adorn one's person, fltf;,]';. 35; f,^ : to adorn with 
paint. ^fi,f,-, ri^y. |fct-|5j.. jpgf;,jj. (,, ornament, 
MM^- -#M ; to embellish. i^%\l ; to deco- 
rate, I'lhfij; : to adorn one's person with virtue. 
^^ ; to adorn one's countenance, fif §. 

Adorned, jjji;. fig^ifij^ ; an adorned head. j'(ii!}4-l'[5E 
jj^ ; adorned with many trinkets, $^]Si^M' 
one adorned with virtue. ^iliM ^'i^ J^iM ^.i ■ 

Adorner. 7*. f:.l±X- fi^Kfiltt':. 

Adorning, pj"'- Urnamenting, (ij : embellishing. 
j^%\i : covering one's self with ornaments and 
gay dresses. ^-f5^jf.;g. 

Adown. prep. *]•"". gg. :^~f"'. 

Adrift, a. or adv. Floating, j'f, ^r^-Mff-^^ 
ft- BaH±r)fi: : to rock on the waves, Iggt ; \o 
set adrift. ]|ifJJ. 

Adroit, a. Skilinl. 3^. fj^^. tfe^^. 'J^fil: : expert, 
^^■ik^l-^'^ji^- 1^J^ : ingvnioiis.^ jg : smart 
(with the sense of cralty. wily), jfcj'5 ; an adroit 
person. ^JjtKf-iA- UWUA- 

Adroitly, adr. Skilfully, fji J^ : to do a thing 
skilfully. fsilPf-fjiJTj : t,, do a thina' dexterously. 

Adroitness, n. Dexterity. J^^-. U'^ : ingenuity. 

m^- fi^ffij- mn- «• 

Adry. „. Thirsty. ^^. pff.-^g. 
Adulation. >,. Flattery, f^ijfs^ (Canton Colloquial, 
B)- mM ■ ta Wi'iir^fi : to servilely ilatter one. 

*Tlieso terms arc only tlicu used, when the adoption Ls 
merely nominal. A {renlleman t.aking only for a short time 
care of a friend's child i.s generally called jg|jj by the latter 
and vice versa. 

MM$^^; words of adulation, ^^fifjM. 
Adulator, n. fg i5i ^■, fS n ± A ■ U 4^ TJR ± A , 
^s^A; to detest adulators, 1ft P Jlf-Hfi-li-. 

Adulatory, a. wMdm- ^mmtn- ufm\^- 

Adulatress. ;;. f^n^f A- 

Adult, rt. Grown u)i. jjV. A- ^:B' ^PJli- ^\^',i^.- ^f- 
S- fii:- fii;T: an adult man. ^'j<,T^<,A^ 


Adult, n. i^T±A.^^Tti.A. XmMA^ -MM 

Adulter, n. Sec Adulterer. iJc^K- 

Adulterate, v.t. To deliase. mmU^^^- ^MIS?-^- 

mm- m^umw- ^s. mi m:^- ^f^- 

mt^,m- mm'^- mi i^m- to adul- 
terate with cop]ier. ^|p] : lo adulterate wine, 


Adulterate, r./. To commit forniealion. fj^'fi'. 
Adulteratinn. n. im^.'^- !i^fgllS±if, ^ 

mmk- S'lw- 

Adulterer, n. ^:^. m^- m^- Ig^lt^ MMIF, 
Adulteress, n. ^W- mWf- ^W- if fe"- ^^M- 

Adulterine. «. fg. 

Adulterize, r.f. ^^'i$. 

Adulterous. n.^^JlfKj- iJiffli ^fi^. Ji|L : idol- 
atrous. Jll^iiHii. fV-liifffjI : an adulterous gener- 
ation, ^ Ji:;5^i[l" ■• adulterous and covetous gen- 
eration. ^^;^f^. 

Adultery. «. ^'j^v ^;l^. ^i;!. -fg, f^^g. jef.^ ; 
adultery from mutual attraction, fu^". '|}|^'. ^J^ 
5^ : to commit adidlerv. ^A$ : rape. §ijj^:; 
adultery, 1^,!^±'7iJ|xt3^^[5fili. #^|^. 

Adumbnint. a. Giving a slight resemblance. ^^ 

Adumbrate, r.<. To give a faint likeness. ^J{3 : to 
make a hurried sketch, "i^j^p^. ft|f. 

Adumliration. n. Giving a faint resemblance, ^ 
?5+^t7K ■• ii representation of an oliject fin liorti- 
cidture). Jiiii^\s]- adumbration of Ijirds and 
beasts, Mtft^il- ^if^mJIS- 

Aduncity. n. Hookedness, ^:$j.j^. 

Aduncous. a. i^|?jfl^: an aduncous bill. ffl^I^. 

Ad valoreui. According to the value. IIS ^ : ad 
valorem duty. IIB^llS:- 

Advance, r.f.or (. To move forward, '^o^. BU& 
Htm- Im- Mm- Mii ■ 'o make progress (in 
learning). H HI JlM- 'M'Mlf<,^ ■ to advance in 
pi'iee- WrB:- iifn ;lil : to advance in office. Pi^, 
|i!j;, I.^j^ ; to be raised in office, Jg lijg : lo con- 




tiniie to advance (in office), J^gV; lo advance 
money, :5ttt5Si' <o advance llie price, j]^^: In 

. advance one's own o|jiiiion. ^fijjjg,;^-. )($ |'J if, 
mmrdit^- mnULM- <" ■-"Ivaiuv nmney. ± 
M'di^'- *'^ !idvance a step, 'iS^.fS: to advance 
juoncy on a contract. UipTSHIR- to advance for 
assault, jllJic. MW-- to advance for extermina- 
tion, jW|fj|lJ: to advance capital, f^-:^. 

Advance, n. Progression, nijfi, ifijfjtf: advance of 
troo])S. :J|;2".jlfi- piS:S- ii'lvance upon an enemy, 
MM- i^Wi- MW- '1^^vance in virtue. Jgg : ad- 
vance in knowledge. Jg^", ^^. if^^'fj. ]^|fi 
IH: daily advance in knowledge. ^'OB iW- H"' 
iirst hid (in auction), ^UiiM.'- iidvance iii^m a 
contract, la^lg; advance of wages. J:tl)J|R : ad- 
vance upon wages, j^^U^'- '"J Ijo upon ad- 
vance, X1^W,M- to make advances in discov- 
eries, ift^yBTU- Ull^i^-ilSII'aiEf: promotion, 

\m&, urn- 

Advance-guard, n. %^%- 

Advance-money, n. ± jig ^ Om wages); advance- 
money on other works, ffi,^|R. 
Advanced, pp. Advanced in Years, rfpj^". ■;gi§. 

rfp^. ^Kl-:gii' ^-ig- 5¥#- S-^-> m^i:; ill! 

advanced work, •?ife-^''|jt- 

Advancement, n. Progress, 'm^'^ advancement of 
work, ^Jga : promotion, |(5t|^i IfS'M; wettleinent 
on a wile. M^M'^lil'M- 

Advancer, n. fjfJl^-: ]iromoler. fj^ii^-#. 

Advantage, n. (iain. ^. ^ij. JfiJ^. -^^a- ^^ : d' 
seek after gain, ^^\]. ^^. %^\]. fxM- iWM^ 
^^ij: interest. ^ij,g,; siijieriority. :t#mA- 
:^Wy'&A- m^: 1" li'ive the advantage over 
others. Jl^A- fiM A '■ to know to turn everything 
to advantage, >lJiJi;ij:-jc.-||| fij^ HI: it is of 
advantage to me. ^J^SIi'^^it : of no advantage 
to me, ^/^tit^ : to show a tiling to the best 
advantage, p| ij< A ^6 ; advantage of liirth, |'^- 
^fliS • '"' "^^'l^'' '""'''1'^ ^"1 insult gains advaut- 

Advantage-groiuid, ,k f^MfiJ, Sliilli^- 

Advantage, i-.i. To Ijeneht, ^. ^ij : il will benefit 
liim. ^ijfill. 

Advantaged. 7>p. lienefiled. ^j^ : disiiuguished 
by talent. W^f BliiL- 

Advantageous, a. Profitable. ^'■^■. useful. ^ ^. 
U^M- ff>F'JS : opportune. ?}■;. £^ : conveni- 
ent, -y/l-lfg;. fij'ii:. Jffit; beneficial, ^ijfg. 

Advaiitageiiusly. ra/r. ^ij ; ad\antageously placed 
(as things). -^lilf^AUfiJA ; advantageously sit- 
uated (as a house). ^/- ^ fi ; advantageously 

situated (of a person), if J^ilR. if-Mfii- 

Advantageousness, «,. ^fij^i. 

Advent, «. A coming down, ff (Jfr. Ylfft- ^ISa- 
[Jfrg: the first advent of our Lord. JflJIi^F^i!!: : 
the second advent, HP (li?; ![? |if J-j : a des-ent of 
8hangti (J. ^). ±-tiflW>- » supernatural 
birth. \%^^. [ifllt 

Adventitious, a. ^if^A\'i''\^?^AVi'- not essential to, 

Adventure, n. Incident, ■MB,±'^v.%^,iM- '^ 
B±M- contingency, ;f'^J|li)^^; risk, frl-^i: 


Adventure, r.^ To hazard. ng-|^, f^Fi>, IK^- 

Adventurer, n. -frltjg- ^l^ll- u">k^'^<M^A- 
Adventurous, rt. lio!d. ®:0t!- flSIK '• verv daring, 
M-m- -niK. fliJK- ^IJU- J^JiUU : lash, :fTF^fKj. 

Adventuronsufss. v. ^fc'nl- ^iVx^^- 

Adverb. «. lAif^. t^mi/jnnl. 

Adverbial, «. I^^'fi^j. 

Adversary. «. ffji^. SlI-DH- ftif^JC- it^, ^h- ^ 

Adversative, a. ^"SfKj: adversative conjunction, 

Adverse, «. Contrary. I^^, j^, }]ij_'\^. jjj^ ; calami- 
tous, \^. t-. ti- m T> ^'f • ii'^ t|: m CK*' lie 5ft ; 

adverse wind. i$£(.ijii)Si\,; adverse current, ^i^, 
j^7jC. #f)fc: ad\erse fortune, '^^. 
Adversi'lv. ^(c/c. Unfortunatelv. ;^:^, /PM^ai ^ 

Adversitv. ». Calamilv. fijfj. ^i. jpf/i/Jj : aftlu-tion, 

wm. ^it ^ss- iikt ii^5i!it, im^- mt-.'W^- 

tress, (;^::;iji;. rji'f^, [iliffi". 
Advert, r. «. or *. To refer to. Tj\. '^ ; to notice. ^. 
.a, %^- '§'&• m^ ■■ to ivga'rd. Ifi ; to attend 

to. ^M- m.2- 

Advertency, n. ^illt^. ^,i^: regard. 

Advertent, a. Heedful. '^S)^. [fj. 

Adverting, j^i^'"- Eegarding, tkJ^. 

Advertise, v. t. To give notice, ^g. ^Z'i'r- Mi%: 
jj5i|^ ■• to inform, ^v-^p. ?(l<>i;B ; to communicate 
intelligence. fjj?l!f ,g, : to insert in a ]iaper. jlff^ 
f]i:),j]t Mo advertise publicly. UJ^^. Kfi^g. 

Advertisement. ». Notice in a paper, ^^cti '■ notice 
issued by the gentry, ^f-fj^. ^■?;4i:. ^ifj;: a notice 
(issued by mercliants. i\:c.). ^Jijjg : an olfer for 
reward. If^^I^fi.. 'ittff- u !k'i- ( ilj- to i.-<siie. is the 
verb, used Ibr all the preceding kinds of notices 
and advertisements). 

Advertiser, n. ^ifP ^. iWWlff'^'^i '• «« ^ nauie of a 


(21 ) 


newspaper, jiQ^. 
Advertising, jjpy. Piil)!isliing infonnation,* ^§f 

Advice, n. Coiin.sfl (ir Inst met idii ^-jvi'ii. ^5;. ^XfM- 
liCoij: ailiiKinillMi. fj^^. fj^. f)*. fjp|i. f^ 
"^j : direction, •'ea^jlll- ijijllj '■ a li'tler of advice. 
^fg- ^IRfa : to iislv adVice. -jljl^i : to taice ad- 
vice, ^|i: intelligence. ?l^'l.- =^J<J;D- fR ; de- 
liberation, "^tl- 
Advice-jjoal. n. \j<.§l ^fi. iW- ^W&l 
Advisable. ((.Open to advice, jjlgi: proper. BfEj-^. 

Advisableness. n. W\'R- Wi}^- M^- 

Advise, r. t. or i. To couns.'l. Wli^'x- iff] M' li^^!ii '• '^ 
give an njanion. ],^^^^U^.. !ii7li;g;: to ad- 
monish. Iflij : to intbriii. ^B. jf . f^^- il^iD ". I'> 
advise with earnestness. -^7 jjllj : to ad\ ise and 
decide. ||^^ ; to let iiiutiially advise. f;M?5^i;S:. 

Advi.sed. j;^7. or «. Informed, ^pjij. i)|JH]<. ^^pj 
?t5,&- ll^^iJ Wm : ill-advised. Jji^. ^:X- B^- 

■ well-advi.^ed. )J^i^Jl. ffii| : 1 e advised by me. Jff. 
fijgi; to lie advisi'd on. '^ia^'r. as advised. $t£ 

Advisedly. <iilr. >]% ;jj.. ^ fpl, iM'JM : to act cau- 
tiously, HSIIi/ff: BSifiItT : pnip.^sely. ^M- 

Adviscdncss. n. Prr.dence, uilvl'M : delilieraleness. 

Adviser, n. Wivxiii- Ui'.- ^iiMAfi : a meniber 
of the council. :^=Jit : adviser in the national 
councils. ^^^^ : a magistrate's adviser, 
MM- B'^- P^B- a military adviser. ^gfJilJ : 
advisers, B^^in- 

Advocacy, n. j/j^^Mffc: vindication, ^^g : advocacy 
from a motive of charity. $%^. 

Advocate, n. One who pleads the cause of another. 

+i!S- tiifiji- im- «A. -I' A. ffd:- f^ A. lof 

f,^^ : a mediator, ftjyfj. ji.\^^ : attorney. Jj/^flilj : 
an old hand (an attorney who is well iiji in all 
the tricks of his profession). ^[f^fJi : an advocate 
for peace, ;tfu^-. Wl^K^.- 

Advocate, v.t. To plead in lavour of. ^ AM^- i^ 
A%fWs- 1XW. Krf : to act the part of a peace- 
maker. #A.1i^. 

Advocating, ijpr. Defending one in coiu't. f^AH 
!£• H^Jtpi- "^Mni^M ■ advocating peace, i/- 

Advowee. «. W^flSiii. t7c7lF-?±tfl: : advowee 
parainoimt, g jcj^ (^±.m M(i±imbfi). | 

* M'licii thi.s tcim is used lor; one through the 
columns ot a paper, the personal object follows then after ^. 

Advowson, n. 5"IP#i!LlfI- 

Adz. n. ff. 

^liolian. (I. I^lsmi: an foolian harp. M, $P.- an 
a'olian cymbal. J^-ff.. 

.Eoliis. n. M.iji\\\: Chinese god of the wind. fH,^. 
SKfi'i; godess ^T-:olia. :£^ ; the J 8 goddesses 
of the wind, + A'0^ 

Aerial, a. I'elonging to the air or atmo.sphere, ^ 
■^- ^':§vi;it±,'-fll : consisting of air. .^ : pro- 
duced by air. -^PJr^: inhabiting the air. fj^ 
4» ^ ■■ high, loftv. ■j^^ : aerial s].ircs. f^'J-f ^'-g. 

Aerie. ;;. The nest of a liird of prey. l^jf^'^jjS.. 

Aerification, n. The act of becoming air. ^-3^.^ 
3^ ; the state of lieing aeriform. |^. 

Aeriform, a. '^f$^M- mM. '- aeriform bodies at- 
tract air. Mr£^:'7|.mS. 

Aerify, v.t. 'I'o infuse air into. fjj'^. 

Aerodynamics, n. lk^3)\Wx¥i±.M- 

Aeroguosy. n. WRl^tk- MllRM^fi^^M- 

Aerography. v. -^lB±fii^- 

Aerolite, n. fM.^-W^-X'K- 

Aerometer, n. ^^}^. 

Aerometry. n. jj^ g; ||| ;V jig . 

Aerology, n. %-^±M- 

Aeronaitt. n. An aerial navigator. '^1i^'^i\t. gjj 

Aeronautics, n. The science of sailing in the tiir Ity 
means of a ballon. mimm'd±M-mPjk 

Aerostatics, v. I'li^^x^iH ; the science of iierial 

navigation. giL%'?^;VBg. 
.Eruginous. a. mi^^^m- ^WiW^- 
3:sthetics. «. I'liilosophv of taste. ^^iM- ^ 

Alar. cuh-. At a distant place, it- W-M.-^'^M- JS 
it: from afar, [tlj^ : aliir olf. H^jltifig: lo 
behold from atiir, jsJMli'.fiJl- 

AH'aljilitv. n. C'ourte(aisuess. ^W^l-^A'^-^^X^ 

AtJable. a. Courteous. itH0|il: accessible. JC-|*!i.-§ 

tl'^Mt U% -B^- ^ji: mild. \Mi.\^lt. 

iafU. #i^. ;ii|?: civil. ;|^/flif : benign. ^4^; 

condescending. ^Iftji. g[>j|:. fjfu. 
Afi'ablencss. «. »S\'c At^abiJity. 
Alfably, adv. Coialeously. iHfll.i'i: to treat peojile 

courteouslv. If.f:^/^. f^;^^i. 

Aflair. V. ^#. ijvig. iivirii:#. mc- mi- 1^ 

It- |v;!Ji/- m^- ^i^'i- ¥)S- 65c. 5;]^ : iu^ig"i- 
ticiint afl'aiis. j]>^: iuijiortant atfairs. or serious 
ailairs. -j^"^: slate affairs, gj|» ; a pressing 




affnir. W^^^■ Ml? : i><^'''"S of Mie world, [llf^ ; 
fiuiiily iifi'iiirs. ^5?-; a lucky alTair. 'gi^p : au 
unlucky aliair. [JylP : iiir;iirsof woiuoii. IJ^P^J^i- 
"f^ : it is not niv iiliair. ^IMJcil^ : Hiat sort of 
atniir. JimV^- ' 
Aflect. v.t. To inlliionco. ]£. Jj^^ : lo aO'oct (lie 
lifart. MSIliE?!. j|i?f : lo atlect ouo's feeling, 
■ isE Wi • '" •''!'''■' ("s a diseased linih aft'eds other 
parts), gg ; (o aflect (as vices), i^ : lo aflect the 
olfactories. ^^\ to affect (aspire to) the crown, 

to affect i,uuorance fif. i\fr f f£ :f. 5^1 , W'^l^^n- W- 
V^^H- JPyfi- ilM- JiMnnM : to alled lo s!ee],. 

^i^: it does not affect this. V^m>M'l^'^ 'o 
affect lo be virtiioi;s. fg^^'g^ ; lo affect mo- 
desty. fgf^^:il ; to affect integrity, ^f g. 
Affectation, n. False pretense, f^^. ffr. |^ : arti- 
ficial appearance. M^ttlf^. tili:®!'.^. £S: 
to practise affectation, 'flil^fiii^ : fondness, ff 

Affected, jjp. Affected with graliludo, fg^. n;j 
^, lyj^': moved (in cither way, good or liadj, 
MSI- Vi?i!^E; '^'^'^■f'wl with paiufid recollections, 
jsglfjf : affected with commiseration. fg!'3t. f^, 
lit Wi>b ■ atVected with disease. viV-liM- ifc^W : to 
be affected by. gUglj : lalse siiow. fg^ : affeeled 
with fear, ^^Ul;: pretended, f^f^. fY^j!]b"- ""''H 
. affected to the state. !^V,'^[M- aifecled by 
external ihinn-s. ^fhifluyf fij '■ ^''^ affected style. 

Affectedly, adv. 8tiidioiisly. ^fUl 0;^, 

Afi'ecledness. n. See Affectation. 

Affecting, jqn: lil'J)- leEiJS- |Ij;yi: an atTectiDa' 

^n-ne. ^iU^i^- 1ft/6±|r. vimVk±.^. 
Afi'ectiuglv. adv. In a manner tn excite emotion. 

Affection, n. Love. ^f|^ t|J/^', ^f''^ : tenderness, 
^.'S ; lendCT affeclionslas between husband and 
wife j, lE^- :J'^-^ ; affection of the mind, ,}^^'^ ; 
ntlachmeut. ^BM\ tli^ seven affections, ^ff ;* 
to have atleetion. ^j"'jjlj ; mutual affecli(m, 4n 
'M' 'iJx^ tw iJA Ix : t(i regard with affbclion. 
;^,|[f( ; a father's affection for his child, ^;> 
^; disease, ^jij ; an affection of the heart. ;5 
^' ; to i)lace the affections on. T'lbV^K't^- rfe 
^: lasting affection for one. f^j'/j-g^gf^ili. ■gc 
ikT"^- 'lt:S- '" I'ave an unceasing affection 
Jorone. :#fg;f;^. 

* The seven atVeotioiis .-lie : i'i^.SSi^gS^SJC, .joy, auger, 
grief, j)leasure, love, batreil and dusire. 

Affectionate, rt. Loving, ^.. gj, :Jt^. i^SlffKj; 
an affectionate mother, f^-lij: : londness. j^,Q, ; 
an aliecliomite couple. ^||^1]. rk'M^'u ^ 
^Sfif-p"- ^Il-iJ^Jif : afleelionale reniem- 
I'lance. Tf^^^m^^::- fiMs- S«B- *ifi^S:1lli 
fj: mutually attached. ifQ^^'lf : very affec- 
tionate. iTllilicV U^- UiUilSU- aff.rtionate 
regard. ^A^. '&^. §l^. f^'\^. g|1*, ifg 
\h^\ affectionate heart, "■t§;ii>. 

Affectionately, adv. Tenderly, ^, ; fervently, jj^.; 
lo love him (her) fervently, Yi{^iii%l. 

Aff'ectionateness, n. See Affection. 

Affectioned, n. ii^'^X^^ • mutually attached or dis- 
posed towards each othei-. )]f jJMi^nlfn- 

Affective, a. !i{'\§ii^. 

Affcctor. V. i^m^MW^i^^A- 

Affcer, V. t. To as^.^ss. MlM'^Wl- 

Afleeror, n. ffi^. f(jf[j. 

Affiance, v. Betrc! lial. uuirriage contract, ff]f%. ^ 
m-T^^lE- itm- ^fim- coutideuce, f= : reU- 
=iii'-e- -fiJflC. %m- mt^M-, affiance in God, 

Affiance, v.t. To betroth, j^]^. jgiT*. j^^. •^^, 

'MM'M ; lo give conlidence. i^t^. ^^--fc- 
Affianced, 25jy. or a. lietrothed when young, ^*i|. 
Affiancing, pjj;-. Pledging in marriage. fl^Jflg. 
Affidavit, n. A declaration made on oath, P^, 

m<ii- i}mi i}^m- m±- T-mfi^m. 

Affiliate, v.t. To receive into the family as a son, |j^ 
Mi%T'- -T-fillSIT' : 1" receive into a society as 
a nu^mber. Um^^t^,- i]X^m!ilP(i- 

Affiliation. ». |ji^. 

Affinity. ». lielationsliiptnot of the same surname), 
W.]i-fBU' affinity (ol the same suruaniel. ^ 
%■ Wj%- to eontraet affinity. ff',^Ut^]-^: at- 
traclion of bodies. Jf^JJilirji'^. 

Affirm, v.t. or i. To arrest. 'J^"^. gjj;^. m%l$ 

m- mn- <o 'leciare. m^i Mm mmiMm ; 

to a.ssure. fillK : lo respond in the affirmative, 
i^M- fiff- iilrv- |Ji:>S : <o adhere to a declara- 
tion. |/t =• ; lo ratify by signature, ^-g ; toaf- 
ffi-m by affixing the seal lo. ^]^\]. 
Affirnuilde. «. That nuiy be asserted. 'nj'sJtf^K- 
Affiruuint. n. One who affirms. ^^^•. 
Affirmation, u. The act of affirming. JJ-;jLg". ^|| 
'5^ : absent. j'\;_ff'i : ratification liy signature. ^ 
^ : ratilication bv affixinii' the seal. ]^l'-[l. ^ 

Affii'UKitive, rt. xE'^fi^; to assent in the affiruui- 

^no. icni WW- mm -JIB- 

Affirmatively, adv. f4f,ii. {fW. 




Affirmer, n. One who affirms, yfg" ^ ; one who 

maintains, ?|lfg^*- 
Affix, v.t. To nnite at tlio ond. f^f. Pf.]fg : to affix 

a sylhihle. Ff^l"-^- flsl^ln^ : to attach, PffJi. 

mm- ill- fHs^ im ; to ti. at th,. ond. m 
' ii^m- w^ ■■ ^0 (onnct. m^- ^m- +pi!!i ■■ 

t(. affix (.no's seal. JSnU- ^TW- SgFU- -IJ&Pfl^ ^^ 
^■^ ; to ;iffix ono's nainc ^S : to affix one's 
private mark, '^-fgjtp. ^ili|^||. i^^% 

Affix, )K m^^^- 

Affixture, n. Timt wliirli is affixed, -g^^iflf. 
Afflation. «. nA'-^Af*!- iii^-JIIAF^. 
Aftlatiis, 11. Inspiration. ^J f ip Fjr ijSc • 

Afflict, v.t. To trouble, ^^tt:!^. stJtfS : ie Iroulile 
others, ^ji^l^, i^]Jf : to u'rieve. i^j,\j.: to harass. 

■ mm ; to distress. M^*^^ Hm^ It^" : to tor- 
ment. ;//pjfij : til afflict for th:" purpose of extor- 
tion, ^Awm- 

Afflicted, 2'P- '^'" «• Afflicted in body. YC-IW; 
afflicted with jiaiu. ^jifl fsi'^i' fiffi'i'twl in 
mind. ^}§M- SJillHf S^it ; to suffer distress, 
g-^: the afflicted. 5i5:[e;5:A ; to be great Iv 
afflieted. Vt^:^^^- 
Afflicter, «. Jgj^PlJEA, W&^A- ll^-^i.K- 
Afflicting, fpr. Trouljling, }^f^ ; distressing. ]f/l] 

Afflicting, a. Grievous, f^',^^. "■f^.^- 
Affliction, n. j^Mt WkW- ff|r1"distress. '{^\%-^ 
M- ^^- ■&=^: '^^li'ii'iity. iJi-B. 'Ji^^. i/ii,|;5: 

grief, ^py. )i^m- mva- im- ^m- mm^^m- 

Afflictive, <(. Causing pain. ;//[] /^•Jijj". Hw^^ ; causing 
distress. Ml% 'ij^: causing grief, ;/U-g; ad- 
verse, [)y ; tormenting, f^. 

Afflictively, ruZc. y/DtJ.' " [#. 

Affluence, «. Wealth, '^-q-, '^J^. jS,-^. Jj^n^, ^ 

Affluent, a. Wealthy, ^/p. J^JJ^jj . ^Va- MM- ^ 
it- it^'. 1^!?^ : alwunding in wealth.l|fi§. f^ 

Affluently, adv. In abundance. fS"?- 

Afflux, «.[iia- 'g-vt- ■&•*:■ ?*6^J- 

Affodille, ,,. 93im{i- S/iM'i- ^il!f- 

Afford, r.«. S£. ,:fe>. JISJ. fih|[^. {Jtpjg. tlff^. fjg. M; 
to afford relief, fjljjf ; to allurd universal relief, 
^SlMo afford assistance in urgent circum- 
stances. g|f;, jg^, ; to allbrd to sell. Vit§ ; he 
can afford to sell cheap. ifj^f|}-2p. {finbT-H- 
fitfflrfilfi'i'; lie can atlord the expense, p/jy^- 
n lit II ^^m-^ f# jtli : to afford profit. O^ 
jfij ; to afford pleasure, '^>i^. U\^M ■ tlie trees 
afford fruits, ijjlr^^; the garden affords vege- 
tables. Ei^^^: our garden affords us Howers, 

^Ik^^^miM^iE- to afford consolation. ^ 

SJ ; to afford security, f^cf-fi- 
Afforded. 2'P. Yielded as fruit, ^iS ; afforded as 

profit, m'Ml 
Affording, ppr. Yielding as fruit. ^. j^± : bearing 

expon.S's, ^)]]. 
Affranchise, v.t. iff /jj. 
Affray, n. Quarrel. :JTll||-i^- Hfef li ; brawl, 

Affreight. c.f. mfijftirn- 

Affi-ight. r.t To frighten. gJli. ^1^. fSJf, U 

M- JSS- ^cS'f- ■?iVl?|. 

Affrighted. 7^73. Tiu-rified. lififiljlg^fg . %'|^. iS 

IS, S1i, Ml|g->?Tm-^rfi- 
Affront. v.t. To meet face to hrc. f^'^. f^Wl '■■ 

to insult, ic.jiim- a^e-'iNii- <il'l- iin; to 

insult ojienly. ^^. Ji'i^.- 
Aifront. H. An opm defiance, Jiji j^ ; abuse. QJB- 

^#- ti®- Jti:# : flight resentment, ^55g, ?ji 

>I'»S : words of affront. ^§,'iliS. 
Affronted, pj'- Opposed fa(-(^ to face, iTilftifil. 33 m 

U ; to have offended. P, JQJ^ : to I'v offcn^led at 

ill-treatments, MA;^t§. ^iTU-A^S^: i/ilg 

Affrontoe. ,i. flll-^mMfmilB- 
Affronter. «. im±.A- BB^A- ^'I'MS"- 
Aifronting, 7>j;r. Abusing. gjQ. I'rfjj^. 
Affuse. (-. f. To pour upon, ^ A ; to sjirinkle. i||, 


Affused. pp. Sprinkled with a liquid, }?Ifi^, ^M 
Affusion, n. S[U'iukling with :i liquid substance, 

M- rlift- 

Afloat. <i(lv. Swimming without a guide, If-i'S,. \^, 
\^-^yKM ; to be tossed to and fro Ijy wind or 

waves, mm- ^^- l^fOM;£- tm- 

Afoot, ndv. On foot. IJI.iJ ty. j]).^^. ^^-fT- ^l^fi?MlT- 
Afore, adv. or jin'p. In front, n^lfil ; prior iu time, 

-^fe'Ilf- r±^- ^ tl . ^i^^-. Si:e Before. 
Aforehand. aJi-. ijl^t;- TJiffn- 
Aforementioned, n. "fjtjHIt. lu^I- 
Aforesaid. «. nij-g-, ±-^r!/r-=, :^$lirfW: the 

aforesaid person, p^A- 
Aforethought. «. rremeditated. (jl]®,. |{l],^.. 
Aforetime, cah-. In time past, ig 0. fifl^- '^Hr 

Urn- m-ri- ^^ll^ i*t- r-j H - f± H - mm- 

Afraid. «. StQ. Jgffl- Mi'l- Pit.- J8:1f - iSiffi^ 
iStS- 'W- ^%- tfi : not afraid. |l?itQ. :r,tQ : to be 
afraid of death. 'f^Jt; to be afraid of a hurri- 
cane, tS^M,: to be afraid of thieves, ffl IJjJ" : 
not be afraid of anything (to be reckless), ^ 




^jQffi; to boafrakl-of labour, jg^; lo bo 
nfraid to rpfonii. 'jiPtlJC'- '"'^e'l P^ii''}' ^'•^''e mu- 
tually afraid. HlSJi!;ii^1'fi- 
Afresh. nOv. Anew. '^iWi- fflfff- fil if : again. 

Africa. «. FHielH^ijyill. 

Afriran. n. A native of Africa. US #^ij /JD A ■ 

Afriean. rr. African marigold. ■j^tS>Pj- 

Atront, rt(Zf. fj-jfii- 'fiiiTiT- llilM- 

Aft. a. or adv. ^iM^dtt- l'J-JjftM- ttiM ; <lif' ^iud 
is right aft, A'^Wk ■ '"'■'' '""l ='1'^- f\ yJJiil- 

After, a.-irrp. or wi/r. Jlore aft. fg jg ; Ijehind in 
place. ?iE ^ ( fFi ). f^ i§. f^ t^^. fg n- f^ ffi) • fS 
^, ftM: later in time, fg 3jr. to follow one 
after the other, ^t |,?( ifij fj- ;!! ft- ffi f^ ; afler 
this (hereafter), jl'tf^. S] f^ ; after that. %: 
after breakfast, IJL;f>;Vft: in jiursuit of. as: 
what are you after? m'A'llM- i'^-klBf-- i^M 
'k^: f^-ik".'^"®- I'7itJ^®f»I- alter what man- 
ner? 55ifjfi-^. iT^ti: to look after one. §A : 
to look alter sdmethiui;-. iaiEf: to be after (se- 
cond to) one, ^^f A ; after the ancient customs, 
W. ffi iR JF.- )K 1& i^'l ; '0 fall erne after his own 
name, Wih'^M^^ '' <!"' 'lay after to-morrow, 
fg ; after he had arrived, -([ijij^fg: after 
you have said liiat, Ej'§±.ft'- after a long- 
drought lo get a sweet ^^lidWcr , A^iSii'M- 
•after three days of rest. J^JJcT .H ; alter two 
days, •§ ^^ 5^. jUl R9 H ; after deducting what 
I owe to ot hers, Kt T il A :i ^V ■ 

After-acceptation, n. fgr-Jf^lif^;©. 

After-account, n. tMMBi- W^K- 

After-act, n. i^tUl^- ^B- 

After-ages, f^ [[I-. f^f^. f^3j$. 

After-all, culv. i^mWAMi-:^-Mhl-S^%.% 
%■ ^t- S- m^- BMk- tS^Ji- 

After-birth. «. fgA- E^- EffE- Df.*^- Jfil^,^ 

After-conduct, «. niE?i. ^m't7^i- 
After-cost, n. HIR. ,fili[i;>$i5. 
After-crop, n. Second cmp. ll^^Ja. M^- 
After-days. «. p?. fg^J. jjff ?]J ; luture days. fgiU;. 
After-enquiry, n. 4l}3*f. pfi']. 

After-game, «. A subs'.'(|uent expedient. ^jii«fS 
After-gathering, n. |jJ^|J} (of fruit ); after-gather- 
ing of potatoes, ground nuts, &c., SjJjfS- 
After-life, n. 5Ef^. 
After-love, «. Stx'ond love. |i^,'iiU:£. il^l?^. 5? 

After-noon, n. 7-'p. ^/g. Ji^^, ffg. m^- B 
RIEl^X- i'roi" 11 to 1 P.M., ^-J|^; from 1 to 

3 P.M., ^ n^ : from 3 to 5 P.M., rji nif, JW^; 4 
P. jr., ^illjl) : after-noon meal, fi1|. 

After-pains. «. ??. f^MWi- ^.^M- 

After-piece, n. T'S- 

After-swarm, n. ^|l];L!l'f- Blia- 

Afler-thought, n. l^etlections after an act, 0®. 
f^g,: reuiorse, 'llJ/H. f^'I^. ig'I^f 

Atfer-timc. n. B{ri. m^- ft^- 

Afterwards, a,lr. f^^J^, f:?.^^. ;^fg. ^^^.\^; ho 
sold it afterwards, f^ ?JUl!l jf4> K /; » little 
while afterwards. i§T--'^!/i- 

After-wit. ». f$^ll;J'M- 

Agaim «</r. -IJ}. i)(, fK- ¥i^- W-fS- OifK. 31 
J^ : to come again or return, 4!}?)$. IH^JJ- fil?l- 
3l?JS-li0; To read again, llj-lf: again and 
again. ^^. 1|f|I: once again. |5— ^. I?— 
|u|, X-^)f : over and again, 4!}.^. i/ll'ji:- W 
^^3t- Sl-^.'S^- IWHH: fl^ it again, %M 
•§: further, j,j5(l>. 

Against, i)rep. In opposition, enmity, fJifii; con- 
trary. }!fi, l§s- +ri)^. 4H'|-t- If ii!l- ^fi ; against 
the current or tide i^( :,!(i}'gi- ii!ij$)l; against the 
wind, !^M,. :^-JtB,; against reason, ijfrig; to 
strike against, ^<^^ ; o[.posite in place, f j-filj, 
/|B|n] ; against one (as iu a game). §1[]^. ^M ' 
to speak against. ^=^. MA^fM>\ against (as 
law). ■^■. to lean against, ^^Ifg. ^Sl: to lean 
against a railing, <;^/f^; to place against the 
wall. i^fiMffi : to hang against the wall (as a 
picture). ^^Ji^^fi ; to luring an action against 
him, 4|f-fll. 

Agalmatolite. n. |5>:5. M'^^- 

Agamist. ?i. i|L^fp. 

Agaiianthus. u. f^-p'M- 

Agar agar. n. Edible seaweed. J@^: of the red 
kind, -SJ^^i: pre) la red agar agar, }p,^\ of the 

large kind, Jg^t^'- "f '1"^' l"'"'^'l 1^''"'^' i^^- 
As'aric. n. A sort of mushroom. ^M'lt', agaricus, 

Agast. «. or adv. Sue Aghast. 

Agate! n. Cornelian, M^^^ W^- tiM"^- 

Age. n. ill-, ft %, df-h- a generation. — i!!;. — 

ft — 'iiif^ ■• a generation of rulers or a dynasty, 

M- M^fi- i^iK't'cssive ages, HilLijfA^f^ : former 

ages. l§J-iX- ^ti!^ '■ the duration of a man's life, 

if^. i- m- mm- mn- im- '^m- g^t 

age. i.e. between SO and JUO, ^^. ^#.±#, 
iSSp' lijjSri: liotween 70 and 80. 4»S: I'otwoeu 
(iO and 70, TfT;; of tender age. i^t^. rfp|S, :fp 
$ilii; ofage. T^-J. rfp$[i',li, ^S^ai; ill Hiatage, 
•a[ill: ; successive ages, gjf^-lltl'i; ; former ages, 




^■jK: ; after ages, f^llt.^f^; a century, a period | SW- ^HS-icii- 

of one hundred years, —'^if: of what age Aggregate, v.f. To heap up. ,^if : to pile up, 

are you? ^m- ft^^^-1^- fJI^^; of tiie 
same age. \^i^. \p\f^. In tlie jpfsB o'lf^ is 
called ^, a child, at the age of ten ; II7S. ^ ■&• 
youth, at the age of 20 ; il£ . a man. at the age Aggregate, 
of ol): i'if;. in the full vigour of manhood, at the 
ago of 40; 5^. grey, at the age of 50; ^', a 
director or adviser, at the age of fiO: -;g, vener- 
able, at the age of 70; ^. hoary or infirm, at 
the ago of 80 and 00; and ^| 
tender care, at the age of 100. 

SS- MtB- Mti^- -ttt^: to unite into one mass 
(as stores. &,.). ^±}1. f^j^. m'H- *.#■ ftl 

. The sum total, i^^- ^^- 4m- 
4^M- #45 ■■ ^ im\\Qi\ uuiss. ^i^^^-: the re- 
sume, f^."^. 
Aggregation, n. The act of aggregating. ^'§Jtl, lljj 
il^M.- ^ collection of particulars. ,f|};^. 
iin olijcct of ' Aggress, v.i. T'o commit a tirst ofl'onco. f^Jg. |S3 
i ?B, m.W- mB- I&ISMB- f IB- m& ; <o as- 

Aged, a. Old. ■:g-ii. •:g. # ^ ; aged and infirm. ^. ; sault. Xjc^j, Jjc^, ai%?- Mi^ : to '"vade. -ftf:^ : 
^ : very aged. ^^. ^#. rfpjl. •:g-3c. ^#. to invade secrotly. '^f^. 
®*'- ^''r-- lt#- :'c:fp. -:g4^- :i::B- :gig- ^- Aggressing, p^^c. Commencing liostility first, -g 

Aggression. «. The first act of ho.stility. f^f^': the 

Indies, ±±^'<l. _ 

Agenr-v. )(. Exerting power. ^U^iJ-^'^Wl 

fy ; tho office of an agent. f^|jf. nm^tWi- f^ 

Agenda. «. The service of a church. jf[f0i©-?g 


Agent. 7i. A su))Stitute or factor, fiAM^'^i'^ 

1^^- fiSW- f^^43^": fi general agent or l]ro- 
ker. ft A : :' nianager or director. ±^^. ^^ 
^^■, a government agent, ikM- 
Agglomerate. r.«. or j. To gatiier or collect into a 
mass. ^Sil4- dfe^H^- 

first act of oflence. fgjQ; assault, jSc^J: en- 
croachment, g^ ; injury, ■gtl^. 
Aggressive, a. ^^Z- making the first attack, f^ 

Aggressor, v. One who attacks first. J5;fj^. -^ 
T-^- -^feJ^A ; one who ofi'ends first, ff JE^, 
t^E^- ^K'lf^-- iin invader, •^fj;^: nn en- 
croacher, •g^^. fjfi-. 

Aggrieve, r. t. To afHht. ^AMm- i^A^m ■ <o 
vex or trouhle, W^iM- !l^- ftfi^l : '" injure. f5 
#■ f5M- "#M- li:^- €11.^: l"'aven does not 
aggrieve me (Viy Itcreaveuiciitl. 5v^f^M?!;- 

Agghitinant. n. A substance causing adhesion, j Aggrieved, pp- ^W- jf ^- ..^^(J-J- ?ft'#(J-J- 

fgjf'j^if^; tending to cause adhesion, f^if 
Agglutinate, v.t. To unite as with glue. f^j^. f^' 

f±- f^M- fffliiJ- -s-- ; to heal, mna- 

Agglutination, n. tMH- WS- mmWJt- 

Aggrandizatiou. n. 'J'he act of aggrandizing. ^ 

Aggrandize, v.t. To make great or greater 

Agii-rieving.ppr. AtHicting. tt^- ■ft'ABfc^. •^ 
Xm^- oppressing. H^- iSfj. WiW- the 
aggrieving party. ^5^:. i§^i.5±.A- -^^'^l^- 

Aggroup, r. t. fm-m- mM- mn'^B- 

Aghast, a. or adr. Struck with terror. |g. ^^, 
S'lf. 'fte5t)lH, f#AM; struck with amaze- 
ment. liiE. 
J^*- m'.\±- ai:; to exalt, %m^ik- IT-^- I Agile, a. Nimblo. fjt^. MflH : iil^rt. f-^ffij. $|t^, 
:tt- ^n ■ to aggrandize one's self, g Q :??: | %-^. f,A'. I^fl- C^Jl- f;^)!. flit- 
:^, e^'S^'C. il^i:^, -ift&ftS^i^-^a e. I Agio. n. |RfI;>-^-|K: premium. iJ±J|?fI 

Aggrandizement. ». ^1^'^fjix.'- self-aggrandize- 
ment, gl^g^. 

Aggravate, r. t. To make more difficult. ^'(^W^. %^ 
m- ^f^lgffi- mmitM- to make wors,'. iiM- 

mm- Mumm- mnum- m^wB-Mm& 

Aggravated, j>f. or n. -f^l^g^. M.lJi- 
Aggravation, n. The act of making worse. f§|^; 
the aggravation of a crime, '%^%^, ^>ilM 
^ ; exaggerated description of any thing, "gj^ 

Agist, v.i. To tako the cattle of others to graze, 

Agistment, n. The taking and feeding of other 
men's cattle, jftftil Ail^-:^:^ : the price paid 
for such feediug. j^ftilA;i:^:^^;^XfS- 

Agitate. \A. To move. JJ ; to move to and fro, % 
%- W^ '■ to shake, ^i^j : to move up and down, 
t^SJj ; to agitate bv pushing against. <tfi JJ!|. jt 
U- a^. Wn- ^^\ ■■ to stir up. to inis.^ttle 
people's minds, mm MM- ^W- ftS- ikWi, 
mm : to agitate the water, MM^i^B : to agi- 




tatp tlip mind. iJi^. lifj; to agitate by tempt- 
atinn. If |)j. ^j\W) ■ <« disenss. Uf^: fo clelibcr- 
at(\ tf^JJ'j. iJ^S: 'ii oxaminp, ^.'^. ^a^- 
Ag-ilatod. J)]), or a. Tossed from sido fo sido. |g jli. 
i^f^^i- M{&M- agitated as 1 he oeeau. ^j^ 
'MM- iW:M '■ agitated as waters in general. -^^ 
?t' M'^- 'M.IK ■ f^liiil^f'ii- "Sfj : agitated by the 
uind. «Ifi. [It®. tJ-Afj. M^Tfj- EPiril : agi- 
lated as the niind. ^ii'fB-Wl^i- 'Kt'l-!^- Ili*, ^ 

'H- tM- «!!;• 'SrM- ffi'W' ^ 'ii«t'"-'«'(^- ,^,^: to 

looic aijifaled. 5l'&- f^fH- ##11=: discussed. 
^IKl /canvassed. ,^$i^, MjI-^.^M- 
Agitation. «.^fj. ifiSI ; commotion, ^f |[ ; dis- 
turbance of tranquility of mind. '[$ : excitement, 
Hi; deliberation. ■i^;g^: discussion. |sf ,§x '• 'I'f 
project is now in agitation, fljll^'il]'- tVMW 

Agitator. ?;. One who excites sedition. ^W.^ '• 

one who stirs up the jieopie. MtStf^LA- 
Aghiiaodorata, n. ^MW\ '■ iigli^in- odonita variety, 

Agnate, n. Ki.^^- 
Agnatic, a. mmfAf.^.;tmW- 
Agnation, n. 'K'^Wiin- 
Agnomen, li. fgH- 3l?i- 
Agnominate, v.t. HWmiZWi^- 
Agnus Dei, «. ±Ki±.%\- _ 
Ago, ndv. Past, rij. iJA / : ^^ week ago. Ift—i^ 
||#- —i^iiif ?f .Wf) •• 't .voar ago. tw — .'p. — 

^'^m •• i™g 'ip'- *X-A- iT■i!ii^ n'PA- B;5V ; ""t 

long ago. ;?;.'^^. MSI A- **f^iaif : no longer ago 
than, :^;§ * * * ±^^\ ; 1 saw him a long while 

ago, mi^iM^i- 

Agog, adv. Ardently to desire, ^.-f^. ; to be agog 
on food. '^%. ^g : do not be agog on delica- 
cies, PgiTPU:^^- 

Agoing, fpr. of (JO with prefix a. In motidu. 
going. ^, :fff| : to set agoing, j^'^, JgfJ. 

Agonism, n. pj. 

Agonistic, r,. mtlin' l-^J^K^- 

Agonize, r. t. To writhe with extreme pain, -lifl 

struggle with death. ■^mV'^k^'^^U- '^^"5 

W0M- %%- %m- 

Agony. )i. The agonies of death, '^-j^. -^\% %%: 
great jiain, ^^ : agony of mind, ifj-ffe. ,'^;'la4' 
,'f(\i^- }^'l#i f'f-'M'- '0 suffer great agonies of 

n'linci, mm-^k- Tm:m%- 

Agrammatist. n. ^^^, ;f.H&. #:/c. Siffe'- 
Agrarian, a. Relating to lands. yH/jilll : [lertain- 
ing to a division of land, t'j^lBi- 

Agrarian, n. fMikBiM- 

Agree, r. /. To l)e of one mind. [pI^j. fulf. %\i^. 

fullt- ¥^fa- +afu. 4n^. ^-^^W.^- -g--- to 

agree in opinion. [|7JS. .fj^jf. ^gr-^+BlJ. '(ftS! 
^^ : to assent fo. \^]}i. %^. )liS- MM- ^ 
f,li: to settlejiy strj^ailation. KT^;. 40^!^;. sl'^j- 
m'-at, W'jh- W/i- mPJ- to agree with the 
pattern. ^J^^; if does not agree, ^ff: to agTce 
to give a cash a day. ^if^-^B-^^^' climate 
does not agree. :^ ^ ^ 7^ i : accounts do not 
agree. ^^Z-'M'- tile measurement docs not 
agree. J^^T-M "• 'o agree abgnt a ])rice. ;£fg, 
Diitfl- M^I5t5E^; to agree with one (as 
medicine ). ''^'^. itt^ifi-p" : fold does not agree 
with me. |]g 5t^3'''i^ ■ to agree like dogs and cats, 
tviM.Mik ' to agree to all conditions.'g"ll]|; they 
do not exactly agree. i^V^^f^ ; to agree with 
one's neighbour. fuFH- 
Agreeable, a. Suitable, b^, '^■^., '*,©;. ff ,& : cor- 
respondent. ^^•. in conformity with. 0c: in 
])ersuance of. BB. f-g : pleasing to the mind. If); 

1ft- ^m- Wr£ ©#• +*■ ifttfii- futft- fSfu. 

ife: agreeable manners. :^'M^.^-PJ- WMk'!'M- 
disposition. f^i$ fu Jlp.. |^, f^l; H fu. ft -i; : an 
agrreaf)le taste, if fi^ ijj;, JiRlJ;';: agreeable con- 
versation. BItH- ilfi^'1:^ SJtf#if-:-itl3l!s: very 
agreeable. {^Plffll- "ii agreeable breeze. iKgJ,; 
agreeable friends, '^^^JjJ}. -MMi^it-iS- U 
fMt^^'^' an agreeable person. %^M^A- iT 

Agreeableness. );. Suitableness. !!<=/: the qualify of 
pleasing. ^:;|^. i'Hn#}:^; reseuiblance. '^^. 

Agreea))ly, adv. Pleasingly, fj;^^. f[kj^,- ''on- 
formablv, fjc, ■^fj}; ; alike, in the sauie uumner, 

AgrcM-d, pp. Settled by consent, fi pT- ^ fi^f- ifi^; 
iM'ii- liBJ : agreed upon the price. ^;§fl. ^ 

Ae'rceuient. n. A contract. -^-IpI- |-3: a compact. 

mm- -^i?- m^j- ^pj- mm- Ttm- m^M- m 

^1 : a contract for a purrhase. &1]iy. ; an agree- 
ment consisting of two sli[is of bamboo, ^^'^ ; 
concord, ^UM- M^- Mifd. fili^.t^^ llfl" : to 
make an agreement, jjf^it;, g^fili^t^;: to make a 
contract, ^J-g-lpl : to make an agreement fixing 
the amount of earnest money, if."^'^- ^T/tW' • 
to make an agreement fixing the time of pay- 
ment, jfll^Slfi ; to make out a transl'er of goods 
or property, jV^.|2- 
Agrestic, a.'^mk- Mf^fl^- <^it(\'-}- 
Agricultural, a. mi^^- ^WU^^- agricul- 




liiral work. Jt^fg. 

A^n-iruiiu,.., „. ^if, ^m. mmi.v- Mm- m 

?!-• flM'-llf?!: 8'i'<''if direelor of iigricultui-o, 
:^ rJS ; bounl ofiigrieiilfiiro. p\^fi]\ superiii- 
fciuleut of iigrirulture, p]^5|?P; iiiiplemenls of 

Agricnltiiiist. n. jiJ^. t^^. [B^v \J\^<-Wi^- 

Mil- M\ mil- mvit- 

Agrimony, n. fl:^^^. 
Agrion. n. Sjict-ios o( iigrioii. :^;2f5. ,f.ll'^- 
Aground, cidr. On I lie ground, as a ship, j'jij']/, 
'}M^- MM- f^M' ''iP «1''P i""iis aground, ^jj^ 

Ague. n. ^^f>, ^^. 5^jg. m^- il^^^l"- WM 
•^: inlmuitlont lover. mfC^l^^i^lfi^ WUH'M 

Aguo-lit, u. ff|{^ 

Aguish, a. mtmni 

Ah. interj. "J^i ll^. i),?' nf^. ij.i;:' f$. \ij I||. I|f |1| : ah me ! 
Aha, inte,-j. Pg. PjIJi. ' [^^]^. 

Ahoad, adv. In front, KJ-^t^nfj. Ifjlia, ;^5fe|i|i. 

^KiBH; ahoad of anoUior. fiifTtSJl ^ I" i^^''' 

ahead, g^^H^.fjki^yfl. 
Ahoy, interj. A sea lorm used in liailing. |j]y|l3!)f, 

Aid. n. iMi^.tm-Mmj-mm-Mm-mfj^mii^ 

^c^ : to aid mutually. -J;01|/;. /fg^ : to li'ivo aid. 

Aid. r.t. To aid. as assistants, jigfj/j. %'^. ^ij 
E'. f^E- lllif*- il/Zfli ; to giro additional aid. ^ 
IS- mm- i-islfi : to succour, -plj/;. njJJ-gtf . |^j|if. 

Aid-de-cauip. n. j!K^fi|. 

Aided, p^;. Assisted. 5^If/;;H : was nided liy liim. t!|= 
i^iSt'll/; : received suc<-our. ^'i^ipJ^.M. f^i^ 

Aider, n. One who assists, ^f/^^- ff/^'-. 
Aiding, ^yn-. ffpll^. #/ifc. 
Aigue-marine. 11. b'ce Atiuanuirina. 
Ail. (!. Indisposition. •^. 

Ail. r.t. ^rm- ^-M- vxm- "5 n frrv ess- .in P5 c^ 

^h- Pft^ i:-i^J^ : ^vha1 ails you V (,r.;{i-f/)Bf-.f;i;Ji 

IA%f^-JiC55 0*Jilt^- 

Ailing. 2'7'r. Indisposed. ^^. PJ} ^t\^f.ll ['E'- 
x\ilment. «. Indisiosition. -^^^^j. ff^,')|. ^~^^!j\±. 
Aim. ,(. The marl< or target. ;}£. ^x^g. fiij.ifiiu.- IE 
%h- 1.'^-- %m- :tS- :;cl:- icS : s'^neme, |jf , 
filil: to take aim, f^l(,fi. fpjH:- WV ■ to learn 
to lake aim. i|:tfy|j- !^J^y|l: to luive taken a 
good aim. j[/f gen : to he clever at aiming, ^/tlg 
Ji-- i/l!14^ : to miss one's aim, ijjl'lf^' ■ t'l tail 

in one's object, :?;#£, ;#. ffg^ |in# J^ ! *o ^alk 
without aim, f^^r^^E. 

Aim,r. z. To ]K)int at, ^ij|p] : to aim at a mark, 
^®1C- ft IE- tw^l^ ■- to attempt to obtain. ;]<f§. ; to 
aim at gain. [MlfiJ ; to aim at one's destruction, 
PJcA^ti- JL;f;ts^- ril^t^A: toaiui at in 
conversation, Hpj'^h: to aim at much. ?J'c^: to 
aim at excelling. Jim^ ^f^t'IiA- P^^fii; to 
aim higli, ^, ^^^{^A : to aim at hy im[iro- 
pcr means. ;M'd^- Un- 

Aimed, 'pp. Directed against, ^BfiE : [loinied at. Pf^. 

Aimer, n. One who aims at a target. tSiEtC^ 5 
one who aims at gain, il^iJ±.A- ;KntP^A- 

Aimless. «. Without aim. *SxeJI.- ^i;^: ^fl'j 

Aim-sight, h. yJ^u^,. \ji. 

Air. )). The tluid which wo lirealhe. 3J.5c3k-^4'! 
atomosjdiere, I'^m.-'Ki^^'ltm.- vital air, oxy- 
gen gas. ^^: wind, iij,: a light breeze, Blf^, 
mM,- U&- fS)E ; a g-eni le breeze. ^B, : a tune, 
iJ/clEl- -3fc^J : ii national air, ^jg[ ; good manners 
(of a person), iitif- M'^- ^m- W^- ^M- ?^ 
^ : the air of literary jiolish. '^^: the learned 
air, Xjll,: a dignitied air. uJc/Hl : aii's. hauuht- 
iness. SSft, -ItlM- i/i;)fe it^ic^- i/-^ 
|J5^ ; our design has taken air, ^laJfc^UJ : in 
Ihe open air. ^%. ■'^%, '*J]^; to sleep in the 
ojicn air. ^J^^hlW:'- above in the air, ^rja : a 
sorrowful air, -gfj,. i^ fff) ^^; to take fresh 
ail'' l''K,^- ^5',y.- -I'ft'.'K- C'l^tles in the air. ^^; 
compressibilly of air, %^l'^ ]f)^'^ f^ : density 
of air, %m.^W^ - elasticity of air. X^'j^M 
^-jj : lorce of rarihcd air. "X^^ij^j] : motion 
ol ai^', %^^-y\\^fk^}tT±'4i'-. pressure of air, 
%M^IM1J- rarilication^of air, X^Ml^M 
f^: undulation of air. 5^3g,j|ij)ji; vil)ration of 

Air, v.t. 'J'o expose to Ihe air. as clolhes. Il.ijf : to 
spread out to air. |I,>^g3 ; to hang np to dry, |!,^ 
)^ ; to air it. Hy;f±ffi ; to dry. |||nj. ||fltj.^^; to open 
out in the air. ^X^J. ^WX- 

Air-lialloon. n. ''^'re Halloon. [^^f. 

Air-liladdcr. u. B,^h- the air-bladder of li.sJi. ^. 

Air-built, a. Chimerical. ^^.^Jilfli-, S^'U±,.tS- 

Air-gun. n. g,\liC. 

Air-hole. v. WM-M-Wk- 'd'Mf^-ii- 

Air-]dant. „. rfjiriEfTl- 

Air-pump: ;;. ^[ll|J, ^ -;}■¥. |^Ji %j. ^[ti ^ J| ; air- 
pump (of steam engine), fp-;)^!-!}!. 

Air-.stone. n. ^-J}^. 

Air-tight, a. f^tg, /[-MM.- 

Airing, n. To take an airing, ^5c- 


( 28) 

Airy, a. Consisting of air, M.m.^'^'^ cool, ^;;f,; 
light and airy (as a dross), j^'.^^M : pleasantly 
cool. WS.- vain, without solidity. M.W'' '^n 
airy talk. SsS- Jifil §• — ^r/iK g : g:'KV-#:g:-- 
sprightly, m^ ■■ '!« I'gl't ^s »'r. M^M^WU- 
mB^^HM^ $IiSnji/H€ ; accessible to air, if 

Aisle. Aile. ?(. The side jmrtions ol a church. ^ 

Ajuga. 71. Species ot ajuga, -^i^M- 

Akimbo, a. See Kimbo. 

Akin, a. Eelated by blo^d. |Sl^,ili£, ^fi^. 

Alabaster, n.±^:S- &3£- 

Alack, intcyj. %\\t- UW.- I^f-- 

Alacrious, a. Clieertid. fS-^flfj. Jf'fi. '^fg. 

Alacriously. adi-. \^j(l{. i^M- 

Alacrity. «. fheerfulness. j^^. |J[ti: sprightli- 
ness.'lS'l^.lItfe^.lfe- B^l^ : to do a thing with 
alacrity, gfeilllPlI^M- fl^l^ii'll^- -i?iiii]^- 

Alarm, n. Cry of aiiproadiiug danger. Pig:i;r^; 
alarm of lire. $^'K^^- - alarm of rulibers, 9j^ 
Mtm- "l'i>-m of danger (,f life. Wk^^^: 
a tumult, \mi^f^Wy-tm-^ fright, '[^tt. 

^/g : the call to arms, 
frighten silly 

'IJfc: alarm of war. fJii 

people, SPiSl^. 

Alarm-clock, n. |||11M- 

Alarm-rattle, 7i. Plf^lS'- 

Alarm, v.t. P^, n=|-. P^^HjJi. PfMlg, ; to frighten, ^Ri, 
iSil'i ; to terrify, @|g : to disturb, ^|L ; to 
alarm people, \U A-i'lllg A"- to alarm fiy throats, 
||f^: do not frighten me, HJiWM^^- 

Alarmed, jjp- To Ite alarmed. Jg. ^JS'm- 'WW- ^ 

11- 'Warn- nvmm- ^n^ bh- mmn- 

mmima- li 51- llfcti::. 'Kllg ; <" fcel uneasy.,!:, 
^j^iyii- '^'Si^fil- ■ '" '"' Ireuibling with 

Alarming, j^pr- Exciting solicitude by a prospect 
of evil, as a disease. /(£?£. F^Je^ an alarming 

Alarmingly, adc. ff ^. [dream. M^. 

Alarmist; «. ^>|:. fjili^vfa, Sl^t^i: A- 

Alarum. «. A Chinese hell, 7J\;^;. 

Alas, interj. ^$}l, ll|Pf. MV^. !l^, i;t.ll|. Ji 
P^-- Pj-lil- 't§@- ^io'!!^: iiliis ! what words are 

those? B^nm^iL- mm^'inik-iiWM- 

Alauda, n. \\'oodlark, llj//fti|,|. See Lark. 

Albatross, n. ^gjjtl- 

Albeit, conj. or adv. ^f!^,- 

Albino, n. ^A- 

Albion, n. ^mii^- 

Albugo, n. A while sjieck in the eye. tlSffi^liif, 


^ ; a disease of the eye. 

Album, 7!. ^^; i^ book in which friends or 

strangers insert autographs, &c., $E.^^ff' 

^#ffl|; '1 Ij'^k for inserting photographs, 

Alljumen, u. ]g^. ]}?1^. 
Albuminous, rt.'{{r^Ii|f. M^±.M- 
Alcanna, n. ■^J^. 
Alcea, 7i. Wild mallows, ifHJRIa- 
Alchemist, 71. One who seeks a universal remedy, 
i^g:3i^]-if; i'l'^'lici'Hst in China, IJ^J^JIA, 

Alchemy. 71. The science of finding a uni\ersal 

remedy, j$^^n^m, nM^v, mi±M ■> 

the science aiming at the transmutation of the 
baser metals into gold, 'kt^'iM^- it'kiLli, 

Alcohol, n. m^M, mm- mti^M, f$: tlic 
strongest liquor in China is called :zi,f^ ; double 
rehned alcohol, f)iJ&j}\M- 

Alcove, n. A recess. 1"^^. >]>ll^^ : a recess in a 
garden, :{^^.. 

Alder, 7). #HJ, iim- il#^ : 'Iwarf alder, MM- 

Alderman, u. m?-]^^, a+^ig- MW, Ift^ 

Ale, n. ±^m, mn. mm- lA-^^- 

Ale-brewer, 77. ^II^JSM- 

Ale-couner, 7;. The ale-conner is in China the 

district magistrate, |,^^. 
Ale-house, 77. miJj- iS^/yS^, IfSH^iSijS- 
Alembic, 7*. ^ii^?ff.v^iS-i§ff. JStS- 
Aleochara, n. 'J'umble dung beetle. Mi'^i- Mlllfi'- 

another species of the same, Hffi^l'- !ii'?JS, iili^S- 
Alert, rt. Watchful, ff g: very vigilant. Jd-^, i/- 

^P)g : nimble. HJiJi, ^^. '\)s.^ : assiduous, ^ 

>i:>fi^ : quick, i^t^ivj, m^ii'-i- m-^d^^ mmz 

Alertness, n. Vigilance, !j^^. [;£. 

Aleurites, 71,. ^^■ 

Alga, 7). A species of edible sea-weed, jl5^- 
Algebra, n. f^f(, %if, Xx- Ififi- M'ti- 
Algiers, n. A countrv in North Alrica. jUi^iJ^M^ 

Algor, n.^^±i\t. -km^'!- ±m- ±ih- 
Alias, rtrff. (.)tli(> as in this e.xample, Simson 

alias Smitii. W^, MM- S'J^- :^H. (iPf^.- 
Alice, 7t, ^A2- 
Alien. 71, A foreigner, ^A- -^MlA- S?5A. iS 

*A, ^r^ii^iiii^A. iS'#. ^A.* 

* Vi\ ^^'iis origiiiiUlj' applieit tosomi-s.ivages on (lie west- 
ern tionnilai-y of tlie Middle Kingdom, hence Kuro])eau 
and North American nations .shiinld indignantly ret' to 
accept any document in which that character is substituted 
forth proper designations of a foreigner. 


Alien, rt. Foreign, Tf,!^:^^, i^h^J^'j; foreign to 

this, uttjffcHPDa^, mit^,f&- mmmfi^^; 

belonging to one who is not a citizen, J^;!|^A' 

Alienable, «. pJ^, If^^. ^m^ rtt'{#, ^ 

Alienate, r. «. To sell, W^: to transfer, as pro- 
P«-t.V- #■ ^Pl- #llii- #^- MitmiL ; to trans- 
fer one's pmiicrty. {j^f^; to give away, ^ f|^, 
i^ffcA. m^JIIJA : <o witlidraw one's afl'ce- 
lions. If ^. |^^g|. g,^. H^: to pass out of 
one's bands. iSfti-^. {IJii:^: to make iuditfer- 

Alienator, ». f)ne wlio transfers projicrty, f^f ^^ 

Alienee, n. One to wlmm tlie title to property is 
transferred, /^{^r^^ff- 

Alight, v.i. To descend, T^^f^■:!{'•T*-5l^TJ^fe 
2)5; to aligbt from a liorse, 7 ,E|. f^ ,rr-, lo 
alight from a carriage, f B-j'M- fM'- 'o alight, 
as a bird. ^ y, jj| •;§; to jump oti', as from a 
carriage, S^JsJ. ^. 

Alike, «.orrtf/c. Resembling, f^fy, ^f^, ;ta fy, 
-^, 'WliH: («• ti: :ilike in rank, [fj] ^, \p\ 
d"d: ^PI?, ^I?, ^I'-#, -i&M; to share alike, 
^^J^^T^ y^^^ ^T^-. ns, 3i;^-, ^faiJ: alike 
happy and trouliled, |i3]jj'^fc^-. 

Alike-minded, a. ^\i\j. 

Aliment, n. gif^. {ji^ Wi^. tJfl- JH ff. ^R- 

Alimental, «. Nourishing, ^^^'-i^. 'M^^^^k- 


Alimentary, ff. Having the ijuality (if nourishing. 

?i^±'-k;^ W^iL^k^ pJti'lf'lEf. Ka^Sf ; 

the alimentary canal. fi^:^;lff. ©C^lli^^ 

Alimony, «. fi^Sf ^ p-^ff, {li#;>>iniR- Lif§- 

Alison, »i. ^A^- 

Alive, a. Having life. >y£. ;j^-/?t. ;^^^. ^^e^l^. 
Wifila^. fifi^rKj: to be still aliv(>, -fijfg, {ij^t^, 
mmi 1^- *3(1:- -|pJ*!ii!J^ : active, fgl|. 
^t!) ; lively. $I'l>'i ; cheerlul, ^^ifg ; aliv(^to the 
fact, BJ5;i!^^#^; to go let alive, ^^^^. 

Alkalescent, a. Tending to the propertv of an al- 
kali, Jif j^^jiii;. 

Alkali, n. Totash. ^^^. ^ ; soda, fg^Hlif. 

Alkaline, «• #i-^'±|£. 

Alkalizatiou. n. Iti^ljJJj;. 

Alkoran, n. Hful^^^fS. 

All, n.,rt.or nc^c. Tiie whole numln-r, •g'. X., |^, 

it, ^- n, t- M- m. ^. ^. ;s- nii- ^- 7^. 
1=7- :i^- ©• is. :&■ ^- 1^, liij. -iJ- ii$ Ji- 
ts^, — g-)%; all men. A^. %h. JIA- A 
A, ^ jl ; all nations, ^^, ^i^, ^"^jj, ^^[5 ; 

( 29 ) ALL 

all regions, H:^ ; all people, 'g"^^, |f.^, ^ 
H- -!*K: all the world. ^lU;: all over the 
world. -t%T- JjIi^T ; all places. 1^)^ ■ all 
round, Jijpy. [n]|g, -ly-f ; all tlie day ^^ 
B : all the night. $?g, r^^. fg^, ^^^r, ^ 
i'- iiW. if^"^: all one's life long. —^. $« 
lit, -'Ui'- !:?#• ^^: all wrong, ^-p^. 2gi 
Igig, ^'iti" ; all the town. ^^ : all sold. -^)>^, 
H^> H;^;all gone. Ii(,)iijf|#i. ffll-H.* ; all 
spent, ■^ )if4:; all roads unite in the end, all 
systems agree in one, 5?j;j^|p] gf : all mechanical 
professions, "g"^; all the officers, 'g" 'g' ; to 
comprehend alb j(||!^-. ^.jlj ; words cannot ex- 
press all, Si'PST. SiPSl'Pli: I cannot write all 
I have to say. ^Z-Ms ; all things, ^if^ : all 
matters whatever, /L$: all are the same. fj:fz|: 
Ui^x—^M ; all at once. /^^ : all over. -(Ti % : he 
got nothing at all, _^f,{j.g|5pE|fl. -^^^,ft^-. ^ 
'>SI5H: "^vi'h all one's heart, -^^j^, ; we all. or 
all of us. ±-^. ^JciP3^^ : all the tamily. [i]^, 
^'M ; all trees and herbs, "if .^'ig";lv: ; all tinish- 
«l- allMKg. 6^; byallmeiins, -f/^; all 
the hotter, tj^^J : it is all one. ?jJfM— ^ ; that is 
the end of all. 111] Q. ; all men trust him. <^A 
MtSmi'iL; 1 rriiumiber them all, Um^'i^- ^ 
dom)t reuu'mber all, ;r.|il5giif-t>. 

AU-fooLs-day, «. ^fj^ig;^ |;j— ■ 

xiU-fours, H. To goon all-fours, ^JE,^ff; to 
L-i'W'p. MJ^Jill- M:]ill'lilliS^. 

All-hail, interj. mmmi^^, HruSniftv i: ^ M 

All-heal. „. ^(g-- 

All-judging. «. tf"?iJ;^K- tg'#''J^l^- 

All-knowing, «. ^^, ^,mi>^\l, ^f^-gl5^, f4: 

All-loving, a. fisp/r^^^. »JJi:^, ^.^T-S- 

All-iK'rfect,n. ^fl§. 

All-pervading, «. -.bV-e Pervading. 

All-powerful, a. HiJTf^Bg, ^fg. 

All-righteous, a. .^!ST>:SII- 

All-saints-day, n. Sli ",& 1- ^ H 1, ^ -f- -j^ |fj 

— H. 
All-seeing, n. 3|?;iyf7^- 
All-souls-day,/,. ^Jt-JH^ji: Q . jJ[:B%±|5: 

All-sufficient, a. ^fg. ^Ttji/fTw/E- #f'M^ tg- 
All-wise, rt. ^'Jg', i'jSii/f^f;^-;!!. 
Allah, «. JvTif (illlij^yH A WjlL'«J[r±*). 
Allay, [•. i. To repress. ,g.. i]||. j^. jt, ]ij,'f, jj^' : to 

allay one's anger, Jflf A^,**. ,g.A-i?^^. ±,i^; 

allay your wrath, P;};^*^; to allay tliirst, jj^- 


( 30 ) 


^, MM- Jl:?§ ; <o '^ll'''y l-a'D' -it'^- Jft'^^ffi ; (0 

allav sorrow, i? •§ ; lo allav sufferings, jlflM- 


Allegation, n. Affirmation. II|!t ?t|f . '^Wt; tl'at 
which is advanced as the trutli. i^^^^tH] a 
plea of jusliticatiou. ^(^fjij. ^^IpJ ; the passage 

ciuoted. m^\±t}i i^rt^jit'^- 

Allege, f. «. To affirm, gf {f- ^tfsJl- ISffi,fi5-W, U 
M' tS^' JtKm'i : '•' i'^S'''f- :/J?pf-it:i; lo ad- 
vance as truth, fjij^ : to advance as an excuse, 

mimm- mmi^i-^" 'fi-ie. .71. m^\- ft?i- 

Alleged, ^'p. or n. Affirmed, Ui MJ^It- "©■ :'jP-Jt 
J|: advanced as the truth. ^\^i^: quoted. 

Alleging, ^^pc. Asserting. |gji^: advancing as 
the trutli, ffj]^ ; advancing as an excuse, ^ffjj ; 
quoting, ^|. i'i^\. 

AUea-iance. n. Fidelity to a sovereign. ,'£.fH-/S->j6' 
^P^- &>>mntL- :^>>Mm ■■ l'^ «\voar allegi- 
ance to a sovereign. ^,'£,)6- i^^&S. ■ "'^I'li 
of allegiance. 4g(SE^M- rl^k-iS- 

Allegorize, v.i. To use allegory. JHJ't;''^- 

Allegory, 7*. m%. Hf^,. ^tli it'^^i^ \ to speak 
by way of allegory, mit%, mt%- faJ^b^- 

AUelujah, n. gi-i^ii-rii-, rn'M'-il'lif- 

Alleviate, v.t. To mitigate, (|( : to alleviate pain, ', 
jhils; to alleviate one's sutferings, l^^IigH, ' 
^ABM, ir^fiii^'^^ BIB- ^m- lo soothe. 
^U. -SE, E^ ; lo render lighter or lieanible. 

^iE^tfH, iHifusmii. ^lE^iitM?!!;. n I 

Alleviated, i^f. Mitigated, Ij^-gi ; relieved, l^ii^ : ' 
eased, as pain. |^Jii§ ; soo(|ied. ^feEi^. -^B ; 
i^: rendered liiihter or bearable. fl/'/i^iPlg'gr 

Alleviation. ». Mitigation. ]\^lj§_ ; diminution, JJ^J ; 
ijartial relief, |^$f ; the rendering (of suffer- 
ings, etc.) lighter or bearable, -1^fg'if!#Ae, # 
-fE-liftji; soothing, JtU, -$E; alleviation 
of jjain, Jll^'. 

Alley, n. A walk in a garden, J^gf, imi ^^h 
^•EIM J a covered walk, as on the sides of the en- 
trance to the ancestral halls, JUS, jSjSf)- S/^^ 
[>^ll>f, ; a narrow passage in a city, _g_, ^. j;/;, 

1)11. ^0. )h'^- 
Alliance, n. Family connection by mari'iage. ^l 
%■ ^aljl ■• affinity, as nephews, ^%: atHnity, 
as the other or more distant liranchcs of one's 
marriage connections, fUlJj ; a union between 

nations, ^, -f^. -^^, j^Bg; to form an 
alliance. i^^M.-WM.-- " <he compact to Ts'in 
and Tsin. " :^-^- '^%.\ an alliance in perpe- 
tuity. ^fe^fplS! : an alliance formed by the 
drinking of blood, ii:jliij^^: to contract a fiim- 
ily alliance, ij^, \^%l. 

Allied, f]}. Connected by marriage, -ff;^, ^)^ 
im %l ; allied as nations, fVR%% \ allied as 
friends, ^WM^-- 

Alligate, v.t. To tie together, |±ig, j^if. ||jg. 

Alligation. „. ^*ig^, |tJi:Ji4, J^iKft^SPl). 

Alligator. ,^ i^a- S. ffiSI. #• 

Alliteration. ». The repetition of the same letter 
at the Iiead of each line. f$'tfJlplEl^#-^ : the 
repetition of tJic same letter at the beginning 
of two or more words succeediuii- each other, f|f 

Allium, n. (iarlic, ,y,j; ; garlic bulbs, J^B^; fresh 
garlic, ^|.,^; the sliools inside the bulbs, |.,^ff ; 
the dry bulbs, .fi,T„VJl. 

Allocation, n. Addition to, ^/H, 7/[I?^; admission 
of an article, ■//II;^— #JK^@ ; verification of 
the same, It.JtS ^ order tor allowance made 
upon the same, fJJ^. 

Allocution, n. Address, 'jl]^: address of the pope 
to his assembled cardinals. 5c i fic I M fSi -"U^ 

Allodials, o. Held inde]iendent of a lord para- 
mount, ili^.0 i.>iit^. 

Allodium, n. Freehold estate. @i<i^"^'. 

Allonge, n. A pass with a sword, ff 4^, %%.^, 

Alloijuv. }\. Hcf .Vlloculion. 

Allopathy. ;,. mm\^- .l^Wiiri. 

Allot, v.t. To distribute by lot, ^jjg. ^^. ^ti. 
JM- 4B^. to distribute as soldiers. {Jp.|3 ; to 
give. '^^^. \^t^: to cive to each his share. -^ 

Allotment, n. ^j3\; share, ^; that which is as- 
signed to one, pJi^i.^. 

Allotted. p2'- Lislributed by lot, ^jjx^^. 

Allotting, ppi-, ^j|\- 

Allow, r, f. To permit, ?ff:. :^, f^. icW. J|?^ ; to 
accord, -^ : to grant, flg^'ii ; to allow to lie done, 
iSff. 'ifr- to allow graciously. m.JftJifr: to 
allow one to do as he pleases. H^^. Ulii- J[§ 
^. iJ-/E'-- allow you to do as you please, flf;);i 
]S'- ai^-^Ji^' to allow to indulge in unreasona- 
ble conduct, fl-t:^-, fTrj6- ^f4: allow it to be. -fig 
;^;^ ; would your Majesty allow it ? i|Sj il^-. 




Allowable, a. That may be allowed, pr?i 6^, P^W 
6^: adraittpd as trno. j^l'^-Pj^W^- wA 
forbiddiMi. 4bE^ : nnt im]ii-npor. '^^. 

Allowablonoss. «. 'g^j'i^- 

Allowanee. lu Peniiission. :fc?f|: admission, ^/ff,^; 
salary of an officor. i$Wi- ^^'- salary of a 
schoolmaster. B'k-y^^'Mi<^-^^- ^ "wnth- 
ly allowanr-p. j^^#: ailowam-e to literary can- 
didates, i^I'l'iT^; allowanc-o in grain, ^^, If. 
Ri- mt- )M- *fil : tl'iily allowance, ?S-^, 
^•H n'fM^ 'l''*!'"'*''^'^ ot'iiricp. 'AS.f^: reputation, 
^^ : to ])ut upon allowance. K^vk'Bi- 

Allowed, pp. Termitted. l^J^. ±'iWA. 

Allowing, ppj-. :/c?i;'!idniitting. jiflU- allowing 
it to he so. If ;^^. 

Alloy, v.t. To reduce or abate by mixture. M'JOfE: 
to alloy with cnpjier in the centre of a dollar 
(as practised by Chinese). ^(5: to alloy with 
copper (general term), ^S^ ; to alloy with lead, 
5^|&; to coat copper dollars with silver. ]^j^ 
^; to insert Imse metal, J^i)?; to coat with 
silver folio, fj^^fs). 

Alloy, H. # Jg: quicksilver alloy. y]<^; arsenic 
alloy, ff;^; Macao alloy (money debased by 
admixture of copper, &c, &c.). '^^f^ rl/^% : *■ alloy 

. of the fine and liase metals, 'j^fg'i' |§. 

Alloying, pj})-. ^Mixing a liaser metal with a finer. 

Allude, r. /. To hint at, Bggjt. Il^^g-. n^lfli. WM- 
to advert to sarcastically. t^M- iit^'ft'. iUl- 

Alluding, 2)p>'- Having reference to, Pjg ; hinting 
at, Pff>[f. 

Alluminor, v. See Liainer. 

Allure, v.t. To attract. «J!Sf. ^[li f-jm]: to en- 
tice, ^^] : to tempt. WW. • to decoy. ^1^ : to 
draw to, i"Jlig, :}-7J^| ; to allure by riches, ^^IBj- 
^iWA. fJiMW A : to allure by fair promises, 
1^H\M^\^'^ • tt) allure by flattery, ,LJi fg W 5| 
:t. mmWi. ; to cozen, ^it 

Allured, pp. Tempted, ^ijlM'l. ■ enticed. f0:}^\. 

Allurement, n. That which allures. §|tf ^, ^ 
M^ fff. fflw^; enticement, i^^l; temptation. 

* The preceding terms may be considered so far local, as 
the people of this pronnce were the first who learnt the art 
of debasing metal from foreigners ; and the Macao alloy may 
be taken as a proof, that the Portuguese are up to this mo- 
ment the principal manufacturers of false coin, for the Chi- 
nese declare themselves helpless in the art of producing that 
nicety of foreign letters and designs as will ensure decep- 

one's self 

Allurer. n. ^\W^: a female allurer. ^A'^; 

a male allurer. ijIjA^- 
Alluring. y)2""- Tempting. WW.; enticing, ^H 

fl^ : having the fiuality of tempting, ^f"" 

Alluringlv, adv. i^'f.^,. 

Allusion, n. A hint, n^jif. mW.- King- Wgtlf ;fg, 
ff^: allusion to. ^|?f> : allnsiou to a passage in 
the classics. ?|^?, Mfi, il||Si)^i&.: sarcastic 
allusion. P^P^|: allusiiui of an rde. nf,>iyt 

Allusive. 11. ntt^fi^ ; an allusive expression. j:t;^. 

Allusory. a. See Allusive. 

Alluvial, a. ^'pit- WMB^- ^K^t'^fi^- 

Alluvion, n. fj;illl. 

Alluvium, n. Jit'ft;^:!]!. 7KM'^±.Ii- 

Allv.r.i. To unite with, ^*^. I[^? {^. 
ally bv treaty, i^^fj. i('dlf- <<' ally 
with a family, ^i^gl- fTil- 

Allv. n. One united bv treaty. 5S5£: an alln d 
power. f« ^^, i H- j^§ ^ ;?: ^ ; allied by mar- 
riage. ilJf,|. ?^ii. 

Allying, ppr. Uniting by mamage. |-^^, ^J^; 
uniting bv treaty. tS^g, ^l^M,. 

Almanac, n. 'M^. iw^: a calendar. Jff W- ^ {j^Pl, 
Iff H . f^^ ■ the im}ierial almanac. ^lf§':^W- 

Almio-htv. a. ^tit Wpfr^ne- #(^-^tb- #f^ 
Sifig. mmUtl^- Jlt^^H^- *!"■ almighty God, 

Almond. «. ^-t : sweet almonds. 51|^, 1^^. HA 
P^^: bitter almonds. ^'J^. :][:tf, C. J-'S^' 
white or silver almonds. 0^ ; emulsion of al- 
monds (sold in the street), ^t^: the kernel 
of peach stones ('-peach-meats"), ^tl, :|£|^- 

Almond-oil, ;(. ^fr.VlIl- 

Almond-tree. n. ^l-sl- 

Almoner. ». Pjg fiiSi , V 1" , PJ/^'IiiA- Mi- 

Almonry. ». -gf^if-t- 

Almost." rt(7*-. ^qf;^. ^{\'M\^- l^jf- IT- 

^- ±T- ^Mfll- 1^- ffi.^- ^f;l- i£- !(?'£ : 

almost dead. j^^g. I^^f-JE : almost a year. % 

Alms. m^. m%- 1^- i£±f^-- to ?';« 
alms consisting of money, g^ty-; alms of grain. 
^■;fi : alms of clothes, -p'^: alms of food. ^% ; 
to eive alms. H'^: to give alms to relieve the 
hungry. WM- ^kW,- M : <" ''pli'^^''^ the poor. 
KE-'^-'P^!®: to beg alms, as priests, ^ftl- M 

Alms-basket, Alms-box, Alms-chest, n. P pi ®^ 
i^S® ; alms-box in Chinese temples, ^%W\. 




Alms-deed, n. H^jj^. 

Alms-giver, n. pi. i?A- iS±- 

Alms-house, «. •^Af'n- ^"^ A fii : 'I'ms-liouse 
for old men. -:g Af5c- ^'^"B. : iilnis-honse for 
women, ^ ^" : alnis-liouse lor l)lind jieople. ^ 
g ^ : alms-house for lepers, f^'J^pTt' ; alms-house 
for foundlings, "^-^"i^. 

Alms-men, ^^-^. WM^- 

Almug-lree, n. 8andal-tree, ^Jj^^a]- 

Aloe. „. mzm- >Att^, * 1^. i-m- ?jif] t, 
mw- ^m- tEW,- iiSw- ©1^ : I'fi'ip ^ii'^ps- 

Aloft, adv. On high. ;g J:. :^i-,g|T. ^±U'- on 
the mast, ^^J^tfitJ:. 

Alogy. 71. Unri'asonalileness, ^•^3^, ^^' "h- 
surdity. :;^|g. :;^M^. 

Alone, a. or ru/r. Single, |g. ^g. ^— : alone, op- 
]iosrd to a ])air. •^ : alone, as an orphan, '^. ^ 
^•Bli'SfT- : ^'"n*"- fs a widow, ^^f : alone, 
as a widower, fijf-;^. ^:^: to live alone, ^jg, 
®c^-- ^:^- ffi—^ A : alone, without any con- 
nection, as vagalionds (ironically used for single 
men). %",^f-f . ^.^ : alone, only one. ^T- W 
m- mr r\m- ETT: I'-t me alone. 
mm^- ni^mmp.: I am lelt alono, :^j?im 

if., mimm- m^^mfii- mnm^- i^-t j^ •'- 

lone. p^^\\^. ^JJifli'- ''^loiie. by himself. ^Q 


Along. «(/(■. (^. |3IJ§1: to walk along the road, 
tSi^Mfr:"'! alw'^^ BsHfiJl; to lie all along. 
Mg/l-^-^t. "IfiiSJll) ; to go along with one, [J* 

^- itin- mn- ifn- ^t-- (i^h-- -wfr- - 

P^fr • *'' ^^alk along hand in hand. ■}% ^ [p] fr- 
ii-^tp] ft : will you come along with me? f;^; 
mm^^^- along-side. \^ M. |t ^ : to lay 
along-side. ilij||. M. tlj^. i!'f}JIg|i; take this 
along with you' ^l£fl(j!8f-i. 
Aloof, adv. At a distance, js- PiWjS : 1*' l^'^Pp a'oof 

Aloud. «ch-. AVith a loud voice, i^f^jf. f^if. i§|g ; 

to cry aloud, :^;^-^Pf , ^)Sli>[.I!{|, Vcll^S- ^ 

infP-'l- i-fi-^m. MM ■■ to read aloud. -^^^^ 

=|: to speak aloud. J^i^.Wv 
Alpaca, «. 'i'he Peruvian sluep. i^j-^^M^^ '• ^ 

thin kind of cloth made of its wool. ^^■ 
Alpha, n. ^Um^^^-n-M^^"^' alplia and 

omega. ^,-fi^. 

* The following terms may be taken as expressing the 
name of the drug in the market. 

Alphabet, n. Wt'^^^ ^M^ ?#• 

Alphabetic. Alphabetical, a. JtU !f=#^i|I. Ji[^ 
#fi^it^Sl' 'li^ Chinese use the characters of 
the ^ij^jSC. as each of the 1000 characters 
differs from the other. 

Aljiine. a. W,'KiW}iM.\ii' alpine scenery. ^^^ 

Alpinia. n. A species of alpinia. llj;^: alpinia 
calcarata, ^^:^: al[iinia galanga. HM • al- 
pinia nutans. fS:tm-X^'- 

Alps, n. ^^ |1j : Ihe mountains in the southern 
Europe.' ]^pg;p^|ie.llj;S. 

Already, ndr. At this time. 5|;^. p^:^. BW: *» 
have already, ^^^. ^^^. g)E|g. 'i'll: before 

thistime. ^fc^. 4«r. -t. :^b^T- 
Alsine. «. If ^, ^^. ^fi. 
Also. adv. Likewise. ;j]^. f^ %. 4. 4^. "g. ^g. 

that is also reasonable. ^-^'MM- W^M ^ ^li'^t 
will also do. Tfr^am. ;j][^ P]-. 

Alt, Alto, «. m^m'M^^m- 

Altar, n. General terms for it are ^. Sff. SS; 
an altar for worshipping idols and spirits, jl^^, 
Wljiit' ^^ '''^'tar for sacrificing to heaven. ?S5% 
J[g[ ; an altar to Ceres, frtfg- ;^Bt ^ ^^ set up an 
altar to the god of the land. jJlStM' an altar 
for Imrning incense, ^^'.. §^ : an altar for 
jierforming mass for the benetit of those in pur- 
gator_v, Sli® ; a stone altar, ^^i an altar of 
earth, ^i; an altar, as the ancients erected 
at a distance of tive Chinese miles. ^. ^, J@. 

Altar-cloth, «. jpipipj^ (in Chinese temples). 

Altarage, n. I'roiits arising to Budhist priests from 
]ierfiirniing oblations, or on account of the altar, 

Alter, v.t. or i. To change ]'arllv or entirely, jj^. 

-^ik- etl- IE a. ik^. im. ISM- Skk- i^ 

W- ^Mk- ^IJ:-. (0 alter it a little. £4— 6^ : to 
alter as much as that. BiinlMfi'JPll'^ '• <<:' alter 
according to pattern. i|S^;£4i§ : to alter one's 
mind. tk'ii'M- llr >b i-'i. 'M : '') alter one's mind 
suddenly. ,^. ^^ ^ |;|^ : to alter one's condition, 
to marry, ]i^^;_ A ■ to alter (cliange) from bad 

togood,"etB}ii. m^^m- tmniE- to 

alter one's (■(uidncl. luljtll'^- 
Alterahle, a. P) ihk'<'-\- Ti|# §j fl5 ■ changealile (as 

the weather). %\\m'XL. l^diif^PM- Wmm- 
Alterableness, «. Cji:|g^-. 
Alteration, n. ejcffi. Htk^ ^\^- f^H- SJS; 

change, H'ft- 
Alterative, a. tk^j- IE Si- producing a salutary 




effect (in medicine), 65:^6^. I^^fiif- 
Alterative, ,*. tm^M- PllH^M^M- 
Ailomito. v.i. Tn quanvl. ^Ufj- fiU. &1I^- 

^151. %m^ (i^- liOil- !J!3'^- iii-'l.'!',!- %m- m 

^. ^55S; to (lispnte. pg$. fj|^f. |^f |fe. 
AitiTcafioii, n. Wran-lr, P fij . |,Y,J^. llj;|||ll. ^f^. 

Ili^. Sl'a- ^ailfi, [^'i-^. li/^'^o. li'j^, P-S-; 

disp.ito. ^fgj, !|5^S:#-!I$S#- 
Alleniato. «. TL>f0#f\i.4Q1,§r\;#fffiffi •• ilte™- 

ato .•hanoes, Bic^fflit- llliJctlM- SiS- S 
ejC, -ta^^: alteniafr ratio, Ij Bg^ib^ll -'"m'- 
ate sublractiou, ||$-i!|;jg?Ji,j<. fl^. 

Alternate, f. i. To cliaugv. -gj^. ||f/;i^. ^iMJiA, 

Alternately, adv. By turns, $^j5fc : in regular suc- 
cession, ^[±\^M. iilfe. jl— ffeii; to watcli 
alternately, ^Ui^^i, ^fl^"^'^ ^o s""™ 

- alternately (or in rotation, as the several classes 
of officers), IfegfiEd H ; *» V^'^y '^J turns (as boys), 
|ft"M"Zl ; alternately exhausted, j^^t%; to use 
alternately, ^ Jfl ; alternately rising and then 
declining, M.^ffi'H. ^^J^'ji- MlMJl- 

AlternatenesR, «. |^oJc. 

Alternation, ■«. I^jjjc. 

Alternative, «. '^^■ 

Alternative, ji. A choice between two, ^^i^— -, 
Zlt^S^ ; to choose between two evils. 35^^^ 
— ; no alternative. M^\. i^J^. H'f^;-f : ixii^ 

tL,iiti- ; death the only alternative, P^^EM B- 
Alternatively, adv. ^J5£. 
Alternativeuess, n. |^j5fe. 
Althea alutea, n. '^j,f,^. 
Althea rosea, n. ^^; alilica rosea, red. ■^"^". 

Although, conj. m^- m-. mB- m^i- mk- m 
f£: although it be thus, mmmh mmMt 

£ll:SiU]lt ; although you need not imitate them, 

Altiloquence, n. Pompous language. :f^g", "J^b". 

:k-&X4%- " " [if- 

Altimeter, n. A quadrant, or arraillary sphere, 37 
Altisonant, a. )4"}?; altisonant phrases, )J.-}'f-;Jl 

Altitude, V. Elevation, ]^^, I^Milia. #^6^; 

^■;^' i^- 'K;^ • ^'^ ^'^^^ ^1'® ^"'i'^ altitude, )g 

3t B ili%"ii ; tbe altitude of virtue, iHl J;^ ; 

altitude of a right-angled triangle, )J5, p^-|| 

i^ ; altitude instrument, "^J^M- 
Altogether, adv. — ^. — f^.. — jtf, — JB., — ;^^, 

-^. m^^ i%^: m^, mk, m^-mm^ ^ 

IP], i!(3c#f/4^, ^>. ^, ^^ ■- altogether well, fi 
'^■int —Miif'^, +:5>iT-; altogether un- 

certain, 1,1^^, ;^^;^; altogether true, |HE;p 
m.% — H^fg ; altogether incredible, '^Z-'^ 

Alum. ?7. ^;5. i^p. B^lp: alum ash, or dried 
alum. tAf^: crystals of alum. i^^\ an inferior 
sortotalum. i§3?: imjiuro alum, as found in 
its natural stale. ;5piffi; solution of alum, jQ 


Alnm. i-.f. iSi^7K. 

Aluminous, a. IVriaining to alum. J^lpfi^ ; con- 
taining alum, W^^'Sift- 

Alumnus, n. A jiupil at a seminary, fl: 

Aluteres, n. File tisli. J^'Jig. 

Always, adv. ]\m- fft'lllf. ^Pfl*- f^'ffi'- #JIS' Ift 
T>S!l- jlUlf- jffillJ: incessantly. J>W- T^S^- ^ 
,gi. : regularly on every occasi(m. |il|ul. J^J^, 

aa- #^- k^ii^- isn^f: iiJi#- 1SV1?- 

Am. The first person of the verb io/«>. ^, #„ 75, 
^. f/^: I am, fi^. ijlj W : I am a gnod man, 
^WMA\ I am a lilu-arian. ^Icfft^^S^tS : I am 
a merchant. ^^|§ A: I am here, ^^J^h; 
I am in possession nt'. ^]l^: I am 20 years of 

aft-e. J^t^:^r+, n^^Y^:i-\-M- W^%r.^r 

:^; soaml. f^>fl;^c, $?.g|5f?;. 
Ama or Amah. n. Foreign designation tor nurses 

in China. ^%. 
Amabilifv. n. Loveliness. pT^^- WAi"^, ijA 

^. WAIf. 

Amain, fff/c. With force. J^;/;. (i:;fj. U3:fj, ^:^, 
ffi- f5^; strike amain ! Tjifilli- 

Amalgam, n. A compound ef quieksilver with 
other metal, 7K|RlM5Jl]^/te^- ^KSiW^?-: ^^ 
compound of diU'erent things, $|!|-|j. 

Amalgamate, i-.t^7KfP,gil5;i!^. jy7Klii^E^, 
^Ljlf.: to mix- dilVerent things. }g:g$|#J. 2^ 
^,i|: to unite, ^-^, ^^\ to unite, as a fra- 
ternity. If5#. 

Amalgamation, ii. The act of compounding (|uiek- 
silver with another metal. ^KlR^SlJ^is^ ; 
the mixing of different things. if||;V^^.|: the 
union of two societies. ^il^Bf)*. 

Amanuensis, n. One who writes what another 

dictates, f^*. mf.. \\%. <xm%^ iV'pm^- 

Amara-dulcis, v. '^^^■ 

Amaranth. Amaranthus. Amarantus, n. ^%^, 

Amaranthus spinosus. «. fK^^. 
Amaryllis aurea, «. M'^^^j!^,- 
Amaryllis sinensis, n. |g^^. 
Amass, r.t. To heap up. l^i%. ^pj^. ^cSI- ^^' 
mn, #S- iltSt. it50^; to amass riches, ^ 




Amassed, fp. fSffiiS 

Amassing. j>pr. fnM- 

Amateur, n. tMtA^ \'^%±.k- M^^MM; 
an amateur of poetry. Hfh^^A- 

Amatorial, Amatorious, Amatory, a. Eelating to 
love. 113^. ii^fi^'- amatory expression, or 
expression causing love, *i*^;^a'' tli^^sSi 

Amatorian. a. IVrtaiuing to love, R^lg ; amatori- 

an odes, fj^iislf- m^^W- 
Amaurosis, n. Wi 'a- ^^J- M^M- ^^^M- W- W^^- 
Amaze, r.t. To astoiiisli. ^Uit'^'. |g ^; to y>(-'1'- 

Amazed, pp- Astonished, [ij^ ; confounded with 
fear. ^M- l^'lf ■ M^^- mr4- 5i'ff • If .^.- 1 
If- l:^- tTflif ■ 

Amazedly. aJr. ff «:S : to look at amazedly, ;5}nl 

Amazement, n. Astonishment. Jg'f^. |gg, IgaJf' : 

surprise. ,Vg^. ,|^^. ,|^'|f . 
Amazing, p^)'. Very wonderful, [Ij^g^, ^^S^- 

Sii ; amazing. Ti] ai^. M ti'^- 
Amazingly, adv. Amazingly ))eautiful. ^^, ^ 

^; amazingly wonderful. ^^^ 
Amazon, n. A female warrior, ^}|f ; a virago, f^ 


Amazon. «. The river jMaranon in South America, 

Ambagious, a. Circumlocutory. \^'X-k.^- 
Ambassador, n. An imperial envoy, ^(^. ^^. 
aS- l^g^- tSffi- P.^i^M-- an ambassador 
from a dependent state jtfe"^'S • a plenipoten- 
tiary. ^li;g. ' [:fc. 
Ambassadress. «. The wife of an ambassador, ^ 
Amljer. «. Ijtifl : yellow (false) amber, ^I^Jfl, ^ 
K- fMl.tJi'j : I'pd amber, jSi_ig ; bright amber, 
P^Jfi ; light yellow amlier. 7j(CJ@ ; stone amber, 
^iti ; flowered amber, :f£jfl ; amber beads, }g 
%\ amber flower, ^;f;, ^.^•. 
Ambergris, n. t|g|. 

Ambidexter, «. One who uses both hands with 
equal facility, fi^fFi)ffi:g- ; a double dealer, ^ 
l£tt-iA; one who takes money from both 
parties for giving his verdict, %%'^Wi^- S 

Ambidexterity, n. M^;i[p]ffi; the taking of 
bribes from" )>oth parlies. S^'Jt^lg. n^"^ 

Ambiguity, n. Double meaning, ig^|&, '^Vt^L 
tS, ^JSb ; ^^^ expression, but two ineauings, 

— 'trj p^ JjJf ; one word and two meanings, -r-^ 
f^#- — *!l3iBS: doubtfulness of signification, 
PglS- *gfi§. filS- FilS- 
Ambiguous, a. Indistinct expression. '^^49^.15' 

ambiguous expression, ^B^^^ng;^?" : ambi- 
guous aflairs. Pf^g;^:^. 
Ambilogv, n. Language of doulitful meaning, ^ 

Ambiloquy. 7j. The use of ambiguous expressions, 

Amltition. n. A desire of preferment. ^. ^i^^, 

Ambitious, a. Di^sirous of power, honour, office, 
superiority, or excellence. -^. j% ^. if^. Q 
#• El#^- ambitious of excelling. ;Jc|^: ain- 
iMtious of fame. t.^.%^M- ftJ^- B^^- 
?[&^~^#'- ambitious of power, ^^; an am- 
bitious statesman. 'M ^ E ;5!^ »(i' • an ambitious 
man. if 16^ A- i\j'M'M(i'iA- 

Amble, 1-. (-. To pace, $fS^, :^i^. m^■ ^^ W<^ 
along, as small-footed women, tTl^^lil''l*' ft 

Amboyna wood, n. ^j.:^- 

Ambrosia, n. A plant, H^"r§'; imaginary food 
of the gods (and genii in China), tUf E'iB- ^ 

Ambry, n. An almonry, ]5EPi|^;g- ; a cold meat 

safe", m.^. 
Ambulance, n. -^^pj^lt!!- 
Ambulant. a. iStT- jMjS- 
Ambulate, v.t. iliS. ^fr, ft^ft^- 
Ambulation, )i. i§2|, j^^. gfgc- M£- 
Ambulatory, a. j^liJIfi^. 
Ambulatory, ?j. An arcade, Jgg. 
Ambuscade, n. jgfJJ; a kuly of troops lying in 

ambush, ^{)i^, 0z^- 
Ambush, n. The place of concealment, jgfJJ. M 

Anreliorate, c. «. or i. To make better, to grow 

better, g^ij, gjigf, f^^. ^M- im;^^- 
Amelioration, n. Improvement, i^jii.^iif-- 
Amen. IJe it lirm. be it estalilished. IEi6)5fSi!^' 
>bm iD^ , e ^ ?l iQ ^ ; the characters adopted 
by missionaries to express the soitnd are ® 

Amenable, a. Accountable, fiRfp^- ^ffi- ^F4 : <" 
hold one responsible for every thing. ^1 

Amend, v. t. To correct, E&iE- ^iE- ^fi>J- ^ ; t" 
amend one's ways, gfcifi ; to reform, iES; to 




supply a defect, 

Amendable, a. pJ'SfciEfl^- 

Amended, ^^i^. ijniE'M- 

Amendment, n. A change for the better, ij:i£.. 
:^iiS: i^mendment of conduct. Cjcff^. e$:f[5 
6f jE ; ii paragrapli added to a bill, &c., |%^f , 

Amends, Comprnsuliou for an injury, Uj§, 
®ii- ^^' P.r1I- ^iJE. ; restitution, ^[g. 

Amenity, n. Pleasant ncss of situation. J^^^^., 
amenity of mind. %'^,, j^^. 

Amenorrhcea, n. |jfl^- 

A mensa et tlioro. A divorce from board and bed. 

Amerce, v.t. ^i), ijIR. f]^. jjjfl. 
Amercement, n. A pecuniary penalty, ^1^, ^i^; 

a punishment, f^fp. 
Amercer, n. ^^^. 
America, n. :^^M-^^Wl\i : the United States. 

American, a . ;j'{i gt g fl(i . ;?£ mmM- [M- 

American, n. '-{^WMA- 

Amethyst. iu ^^;&, ^^Ijl. ^3E; <imethyst 

colour, ^g,. 
Amethystine spar. ». -^Jgi^. -^^ J.^- 
Amiable, a. Lovely. ^ ^. 'Pf^. ft fg. ft H. ft 

It 1 H ^ PT ^ : charming, as children, ^ M ; 

pleasing. RT'Eft^^-ffift- 
Amianthus, n. Earth tiax, ^}0i. 
Amicable, a. Harmonious. ftlit.ftMftltft^- 

ftll; friendly, ft '1:. ft ;S' i=0 ^; amicable 

arrangement, ft 3^. 
Amicableness. n. Friendliness, ft^. ^^• 
Amicably, adv. ft^ : to arrange an affair amica- 
bly, ^ ft ^^^- ^^ ft- 1§5 ft- 
Amida iiudha. n. MM?^i^- 
Amid, Amidst. 2>''>'P- 4*' 't'F^- 'St'4'' -ftit'-t* ; 

amidst the crowd, ^^4* ! ^iJ^id t^^^ garden, :^ 

Amiss, a. Wrong. ^fg.^^ii.^cfg-Ji^ ; to take 
amiss. ^^. ^^^ : if anything should hap- 
pen amiss, i^^mm- ^mmkv- 

Amity, ,(. Friendship. ftH^. ?^B|.|5ci|,2lift.ft 


Ammium. ». .^/r- 

Ammonia, n. pSf^rl'JE linf (||:g ). 

Ammunition, «. iAC|Ji5^-^^!}^. 'X^IM^ : arms 

and ammunition. ^§§. ^e^g. j^gg. §§fef. 
Amnesty, n. A general pardon. Ji,^%'f ■ ,'S.ii- 

r^tsC-ftS- the proclamation containing the 

pardon. i^M, ^.S-^^ic- 

Amomum cardamomum, n. 7jiC5ck% ^;c^ ; cardamo- 
mum rotundum, ^.mM- aniomum villosum, 
SS'tl; amomum medium (alpiuia alba, Eos- 
coe). :^||; amomum granum paradisi. fi/fz, 
^^Pjj. ; amomum anthoides, fi}iz^ ; the white 
amomum of trade, 1^ Ja'^c^". 

Among, Amongst, prep. 4*- "^hra]- tS:^- tt4'-4' 
^. P*j4».gi5l. ^Il- +j6: there arc some 
good ones among (hem. ^ii{fU{L^. t^^^ 
^; among you, ^ft>'4'R9 ^ the i-liicf among 
ten thousands, M^'^-'- niiugled among. ^ 

Amor, 7i. ^. 

Amorado, «. A lover. ^£;> A- "8" ft: if G;^ A , 

®ftTF>^- mn^A- fi'^±A- m% ii&# 

^ ; amorado, a yciuth. ^ff ; amorado. a man of 

advanced years, ^.^. ftfi^fll^, ifHil^W 

>6'ce Inamorato. 
Amorelte, 7,. tfi ±^- Sig- ,t,M. HI?- 1?^ ; 

a love affair,^- 
Amorous, a. In love. ;|^g,. ff:^ ; loving tenderly. 

i]| : amorous behaviour. 
K^- Hit- Kit- n^- HfpE'lW- 3;-!lg^- nj'^ 

ft n iw - j^:i @ -i^ til > M # &1 iw - fj^ is-ii^ "^^1 

Amorously, rt(?r. ^fiiii#. 

Amorousness, n. «|*;'^. 

Amort, afZr. Dejected. ^t\j. 

Amortization. «. ^^. 

Amount, n. The sum total, ^fj. ^.^. — |f.. p,]! 
i^-lM#Il^> — ^t- li^- 5f5jfl; what is the 
whole amount? ^tflU^. dh^|^=p. dh;Tjf^ 
^PJt : what is the amount of vour accounts, f;^^ 


Amount, i-. (. To reach, dtf]-. dt^. ||,^. j^^, 
'^^. : lo amount to (the result, end. or sub- 
stance of an affair or narrative). |f,{=^. JiJ® . l{i 
Ji- $SJS- M^ •- ■^vhat does it amount to? dtf| 
11^- tmi^ ; it amounts to. flM- -mtt 

Amounting, ppc. Jt=|, =-|:tJ|. i^i%^: amount- 
ing to less than three dollars. ^])is^it. 

Amour, n. Illicit connection in love, ^Jiiffi. ^ilfw. 


Amour or Amur, n . The largest river in JIanchuria. 

Amoy. 7). SP1- 
Am]ihloprarum. «. Uj.t.j. 
Amphacantus. n. Dory or doree (hsh|, ^3J. 
I Amphibious. r(. 7KFi^ife^.7K1^36Jg : an aniphib- 
ious fish. Jl^ii;^. 




Amphibioiogy. n. mimM^^Mymm- 

Amphibiura. «.; ^j?. Auiiihibia, 7Kl^jife^^"- tTC 

Ampliiboldjiieal, a. igP^g^- 
Amphisba;na, n. i^fllJi'E- 
Amphitheatre, n. JSIHIUI- MiVU- 
Amphitlieatrifal. a. Exhibited iu an amphithea- 
ti-e, ^ JpI llil :ffi i^ ^ : pertaining to an am- 
phitheatre, BaJ^llSiJft- 
Ami)le. a. Large in extent, &e., MiM-fM.:h^ 'M.M^ 
%m- m:k ; abundant, mjf^. Mf^. R/ft, :>*;^, 
f^^, fl^fg g$ ; liljeral, %J^ : ample means, ^ 

Ampliate, v.t. Enlarge. f^_^5l^, i^J^fM- 

Ampliation, n. See Amplification. 

Ampliflicate, v.t. Sec Amplify. 

Ampliflication, n. Extension, g§|^ : diffuse eom- 
raents, p$[li;I£)5? : tliH'nst^ narrative, p|,0±,Dt, 
fAK^I^ : exaggerated representation, &f^ 

m- iEi'KiL?^. ii'^^m- m^^m- 

Amplified, j)p- Enlarged, ^[isji^; diffusely ex- 
plained, ^|H8|i^; exaggerated. If flHoI- 

Amplifier. «. One who enlarges. f^M:k.^- i^JM 
^^ : one who explains difiusely. plffHili^JI^' ; 
one who exaggerates, ^'ailA- 

Amplify, v.t. or i. m%- i^ki^i^'-l ^^1^- m^ 
g{j: to treat copiously. jt)i].'f^-f|H : ^^ exaggerate, 

m^^^M^ mM%^i- Eim*^i§i/c. m 

Amplitude, n. Extent. J^;^; extent of intellectual 
powers, '■{'^^^^-jz. • oxtent of learning, i$^, 
i^35;jRM'. amplitude ortive and occiduous, "^ 
IShWi^'^- am]ditude of range, W^M}M)!t 

Amply, adi: Abundantly, fl^fi. -ifJS.. !■:£. 's 
W- l:Pi;tm-- amply provided. i?aM^il£. # 
fi&WC^ ■- 'Tiiiply explained. BHiifi^lH ; amply 
sufficient, ^JE,. 

Amputate, v.t. mm- u^^ mWi- WiWi- mn^ m 

T- fi]- I'lj; lo amputate an arm, fijS^-'ft-^- 
to amputate one of the limbs, fiJ-^MK;^-^- 
flJ*Hifl5±— ; to amputate the feet. JJljJA.Ti: 

Amputation. ». '|'|J|E-I31ji;^yi- ■- (tlap operation). 
JfijiSit-f!l±,?i; (circidar operation). J^ il It -fij 
^J^; an ampulalioii knife. '^ij-^/iL:A.JJ- 

Amulet, n. Charm. :f^-. %^. ^'j[ff^: a ring with 
a locket worn round the neck is called f^^l5^, 
l^^^T- ^liL- ^^: an amulet for expelling 
devils. HflSli)-"; an iimulet for controlling the 
devils. ia^!^\ the pure water charm, ^7jiC?5^- 

Amuse, v.t. To entertain the mind agreealjly, 

the day agreeably. ■^^©0, mmi-M^B, 
WA H 7 ; bi spend tlie time agreea))ly, fjjJPn^ ; 
to amuse with plaving, ^.^J- 5C-M- W.M' M 

m- mm- m#. m^mm- <o dissipate grief, 

Bl'l^'X- ffiii-R3- ^flS ; to amuse with idle pro- 
mises, its' gii- 

Amusement, n. Sjiort, ^-^. ,§1^; theatrical a- 
musements. f^|;® : recreation, [{^^ : amusement 
by walking, ijl^, ^^-0. jlSflf. -gji:!];-, it 
j^ ; to seek for amusement, ^^, ^M- 
entertainment of a friend, gg 5|t j|SS- li^M ; 
a mere amusement, ^Ujc^V- 

Amuser, ?;. One who affords agreea))le amiisauents 
toothers. l^Mi.A- 

Amusing, ppr.orn. Pleasing. $J,|1|. jtj.glj. ij.|§. 
*f ibC- ^il- MMd'l Hi-Mij ; not amusing, i^ 


Amygdalate. ij. Emulsion made of almonds and 
sold in the streets, ^t^. 

Amygdalate, «. Made of almonds, ^iztW^ (^)- 

Amygdaline, n. ^t^- 

Amygdaline. a. ^^tm- l^fc^- 

Amygdalus persica, n. ^j^. 

An. The indefinite article signifying one or any, 
—, HO"' an affair, —ff:^; an officer, — ^ 
•^ ; an old man. — fH-^ A ; an orange, — •^ 
/{•g ; an ox, — - "^^ 5^ : an umbrella, — ffi^ ; 
before a consonant the letter n is dropped, as : 
— a man, — >(!§ A- See A. 

Ana. In medical prescriptions, it denotes equal 
parts of the several ingredients, and is then writ- 
ten art, ^Tjit^f. ^(JJd'7q5. 

Anabaptist. „. vmmm'k^A^fA^ , "^mm 

Anacanthus. n. Kay. .^jjj^. 
Anachoret, «. Recluse. ^;l]j;5^A : a Tauist her- 
mit, EiiUii±. EiOitii- mk^fm- 

Anachronism, n. ^^^, ^fcW.W- 
Anachronistic, n. Erroneous in date, H-?fa- 'S 

An;i?mia, ». l)loiidlessnoss, jfill^il^j[fe^|^. 

Anffisthesis, ». Ji^S^fe'fi- 

Anagallis, n. tmi,}^. ff. ^||. 

Anagyris feet Ida. n. ^?iy£. 

Analects, n. tlitii, l^. 

Analeptic. ». Invisoraiino- medicine, fi^jll^, ^ 

:^ in- 
Analogical, a. -ffify. min- mx- mx- wo-x- iH 

% ; having little analogy. P^^fy, ^fy. ;^fy, 

ANA ( 37 ) 

Iff fa. ^-mx mt. mn- 

Analogically, adv. J^Jti^, ]^t^. 
Analogism, n. j^tk- 


Analogous, «. fffU. iffa. 

Analogy, n. ^p H, ^i^,. f^, ffif^, -tafH; IIkto 
is sonio analogy bclween the two, p^^iBSl- 
CS^iafW' nriiil^; *li«"c is some analogy 
between the two languages, ^nlfitHfy ; there 
are men who resem)3le each other, and things 
which liear some analogy to each other, ^^ 
ffifimfllW^fP] ; a comparison, J;!:.-^, j^tlj- 

Analysis, n. ^f-M- i^M • synopsis, g-if, f^^. 

Analytic, a. ifgif'P^, li^WM- 

Analyze, v.t. To reduce a liody into its elements, 
^J^lfi^rft^fr ; to separate a compound subject 
into its parts and explain each separately. #|if , 
MSk ; to trace to its proper source, ^)r^;, ^t^, 

explain minutely. i,'Mfl)il¥5^- 
Analyzed, f])Y. Eesolved into its constituent parts, 
ii'&^^^-tr ' ti'aced to its proper source, ^ 

Analyzer, n. Uue who analyzes, ^%^'^fT;^- 
Analyzing, ppr. Kesolviug into elements, ^'\^l% 
jJ^TJiff ; tracing a matter to its proper source. 

Ananas, n. Pine-apple. Jt|t||, T^^?^ (?). [;^A- 
Anarch, n. One wiio excites revolt, n^^^', f^lx 
Anarchical, a. Without a government, f(,, f^^ 

Anarchist, n. An anarch, tf^jx-^-, tSii!i±. A- 

Anarchy, n. AA'ant of government, ^S'g-atg. M 
•$C^S- ^I ; political contusion. f[., i|L1'l"- f'^ 
girklL- MIL ; n^bellion, ]xll- 'mi KIl^ 1k: 
i<(Li.^- gi-rat confusion, i/-,^!,, :;;/cilL- 

Anarrhicas, ». "Wolf-lish, "^^^^l- 

Anas galericulata, «. The mandarin duck, ^:^', 

Anasarca, «.. A drojisy of the cellular membrane, 
MM<M, a8t7Kk; a general dropsy, ^ff 

Anathema, n. A curse, '"jll'i.: excommunication, 
with a curse, ^nSilSl ' ^^ denuuciatidn by ec- 
clesiastical authority, iS'HS'^- 

Anatomical, a. ^mv^, Mmi^Vi^]''^- W^^^%Wi^ 
Jl-tilJFE±Ji ; ''11 ainilomical plate, AmU- 

Anatomist, n. One who dissects bodies, $i]j^-M '■ 
one who is skilled in the art of dissection, ^-ij^e 
klf"?- fra^/^p'JPI' one versed in the principles 
o'f anatomy. m^MB^M^- 

Anatomize, v.t. To dissect, ^ijfe. J^lJ^'g'tg; to 
lay open and examine minutely, ^ijjj^ifjll^; to 
dis.sect a body and examine its minute parts, fflj 

Anatniny. n. The art of di.ssecting, JlJfEj^fi- "1* 
B li if, ^h M ff.'Sf JK ±: :^ : the docf rii^ of the 
structin-e of the body, ■g"!}|^;JlJ|; a discourse 
on anatomy, '^^^^t^. 

Auatron, n. Soda. -]^ifj {i-fffKiX): spume. f^3^. 

Ancestor, n. fifj.. Jyj. jpijj^; the tirst ancestor, -^ 
JiS- -ic5^, AflB. : ancestors in general, jjifl.^. ±_ 
M- il-t, ^A. m A. mM\ tiie ancrst(us of 
three generations above one's own father are 
called ;!,■•§■ bS.; male ancestor, jjl^, i:^; 
female ancestor. fJ3./4[-, -^,^^ ; ancestor and kin- 
dred, J^H : ancestor and imsterity, ^"jc- Vk^. 
^M- MM ' to bring honour to one's ancestors. 

Ancestral, a. ^. %^l fUl^V^ : an ancestral temple, 
^1- 'nWil- m^]- t<i- lii^, IS]^ ; nn ances- 
tral tablet, ii|i±)i?-, mtit- mtL- mf^, mm, 

ii- M'- 'in ancestral shrine (or niche j, |i|ifii5j, jljl 

Ancestress, n. JH 

Ancestrv, n. Lineage, :^|f ; a book of ancestry, 

Anchor, * u. Ipi, ^^iiwi ', a stone weight, &c. used, 
iu.stead of an anchor, ^^, ^ ; to drop (or cast) 
anchor, Jj^^m 7||j;i, j'gjjfj. ^jf^ ; to weigh an- 
chor, jl^ln], i^tvi- to ride at anchor, ^jg; an 
anchor liuoy, fg-/S- yKYd- 
Anchor, v.t. or i. ilffS, 

Anchorage, «, Anchor-ground, j^ffi;Jlitli- )^^ ; 
a duty imposed on ships for anchoring in a 
harbour, ^^-yj^m- mM- ^nWM- 'Sli6±t- 
Anchored, pp. Killing at aiu'hor. ivfi^, ^I't- 
Anchoress, n. Ulljll^, m^li- IS.k- 
Anchoret, Anchorite, n. B\i\^ , M\h'M±, M 

Anchoring, ppv. i)\ki^. 

Anchovv, 11. A small fish of the herrins' kind, ,f§ 
!t- iil. fM^- El ; anchovy sauce, ffS ^. 
Anchovy paste, n. Ik'BW- 
xVuchylosis, n. Iiiiuioval>ility ov siifl'ness of a joint, 

Ancient, a. Old, of distant times, f;. =^, iiJ\^. Ji 
1^, fi.^, at- tfl^ If-,^: anrient snges. i«r 
^A ; the doctrine of tiie ancients. flfAilfi ; 
an ancient city, -^i$,: the ancient continent, 
opposed to the new, lli!||PE, iiSP®© PjS^IJfiJ 




J^B^'M ; an ancient family, llt^, llt^ ; an- 
cient and modern, -j^-^ : ancient characters or 
writings, ■^^. "^'SC ; of an ancient shape, -^ 
^;^; the people of (he present age are (in 
morality and integrity) unequal to the an- 
cient people, '^Z'-lkti- 
Ancient, n. Generally used in the plural, ancients. 

Ancientry, n. The honour ol ancient lineage, -^ 

Ancillary, a. Suliseryient or sul)ordinate, fl^Ail 

m- «^A: mi^TitA, i^Amm- 

And. covj. -B.- 'A- *^l M- E- ilii: 3(.- "^- |SJ- 4' 

ji, W\- ^- ^- te' and slill more. V)i JJ. : and 
besides. £. filL : '""l further, ji^g". 4!};:^-. '^ 
^ ; and again. ||44 ?^ : you and I. f;i;;S?!c : lie 
look Icaye and returned home, ^frU^inBf • \^^ 
IFilfnlil: one hundred and two. — "g^^Zl ; * 
and so forth. ^^- iDjlt^Djlfc : and yet. g ; two 
and two are four. ZlIIitlRy ; "ine and nine are 
eighteen. :Z^i,—V A- 

Androgynal, a. See Hermaphroditical. 

Andromeda, n. A northern constellation. ^^, p$ 
g; audronicda japonica. 7|tff^. 

Anecdote, n. ^■^. 1^:^:. mmwt- m%^- ^^ 

l«r V ; to "'late an anecdote, U^UM^ m^M 
.#lf , MUU%M^^^- ; to relate an anecdote 
about the ancients. a|Ex(^f!)'<jio- 

Anemometer, 11. MM"- 

Anemone, n. ^^^. ^1^. 

Aneurism. «. fJlflJE-jfil^ ; aneurism of the end of 
the elbow. WlJIJit'bil^; popliteal aneurism,!^ 
llUft/felSlS • spontaneous cure of aneurism, ji. 

Anew. adv. Oyer again. I5. fK ^ in a new form . 

m^- mm- w-k- 

Anfractuous, a. Full of windings and turnings, 

Angaria! ion. n. Compulsion, |;ijis. ^^■ 
Angel, )?. A celestial messenger, %i^, %W.- "% 

Sil'i S'ltflli '• a spiritual messenger. ji^|^. 
Angel-tish, n. '^f^^U- 
Angelic. Angelical, n. IkMonging to angels. ^^ 

Angelica, n. giV. %\^. U.B- 

Anger. „. A\ rath. ,-2:;fct. it^l^- f^M- ^^- ^S- 
^?t?- M^- Itm'- ffl),*cS : ai>pearance of rage, |i^ 
^. '|g.^ : to be in a lage. f,JG^ : to be in a great 
rage. -\-^i^,. :^««. WMl'^-Vh • to quiet one's 

* See author's Graniniur of"tlu! Cliiiicse Language, P. I. p. 
92, Ac. 


anger. ,i,A±.?^^- L^- ffi?^-lt?i5. T*- 
Anger, v.t. To excite anger. Hj;^. jgT^. |J^. ^ 

Angle, n. f^. f$. p^,. ft ^ : fl BM ; an angle or cor- 
ner in a room . fif$5^. H^ : four corners of a 
table, mm- n W^nm- a nght angle. -^^^ i4 
^, $g ; an acute angle. ^^ ; an angle, 
MM • a spherical angle, jft^^ ; opposite an- 
gles, fj-^ ; an angle of incidence, 3^f^, ^,f^ ; 
an angle of position, 3^^ ;^ ; angle of reflec- 
tion, ig^. '^^ ■ an angle (for ilshing). |^,|f| 

Anige-rod, «. $^^. pjM.^- i^M.f^- 
Angle, v.t. or i. To fish \yith an angle. ^^; to 
fish for praise. ^!j^ : to steal (angle for soles), 


Angled, rt. ^|Jj. 

Angler, n. Une that fishes with an angle, 

Anelican. a. or n. 1^pP|f ; an Anglican, ^^g 

Anglicism . n. An English idiom, JM^^^M-fM 

Anglicize, v.t. To make English. ^'ft^'^A—^ 

Anglo-Anrerican, a. Pertaining to descendants of 

Englishmen in America, i^iti^A''^- 
Anglo-American, n. ^^t^A. 
Anglo-Danish, a. Pertaining to the English Danes, 


Anglo-Norman, a. Pertaining to the Anglo-Nor- 
man. JB^iiPSlA^- 

Anglo-Norman, n. ^^jWf^A- 

Anglo-Saxon, a. Pertaining to the Saxons who 
settled in England. ^miU% l&^MiBA 

Anglo-Saxon, n. ^'MitA- 
Angrocgam lalcatum. 7;. fft^lllrftM- 
Angry, a. Proyoked. ?|t?J. ^1^. MtS- IIS WM' 
^^- -^l^- &HSS-: to become angry, ff^, 
Wi^- &^m.M.- fi4- Cft ; to make one angry, 

mmA-mmA- mm^t^m- wiAf^.- mA 

f^^-WMA ■- irritated, f^,.^U-W*^> • displeased, 

^unn- mntwrn.- -wtis^m- -at*: to feei 

angry (hut .suppress it). Hi|i,Pt^i: angry 
\yords. **■=. mi'^M'r'^- an angry look. f^^Q,. 
*c?^§: lluWiv mUmM- to speak in an 
angry tone. P@lfl|!¥;pf . }^.^ : I am angry with 
you, nt^Mi^^- *l" not lie so angry, ^^. 

Anguilla, n. Conger eel. i\^i^. 

Anguish, n. '^t#- i^JjR. M^- WB- Sfi^ 




ft)6f5;#i ' extreme pain, MUWM^ 'B 
Angular, a. ;^f^,^^^'ij, -f^^^fi^j ; angular mo- 
tion, nM-^m- 

Angulous. a. Sue Angular. 

Angiistate, a. Narrow. ^ ; diminishing rapidly 

in breadth, ^^. 
Angustation, n. The aot of making narrow, -(gj^g, 

Anhydrous, a. ^7Kfi^- 

Anight, adv. iSfa^ Sf^, WMM • anights, every 
night, ^jS ; frequent and customarv acts dur- 
ing night, M^^gP^tntrgFal. 

Animadversion, n. Censure, fi£oJi5 '• stricture, f,^, 

Animadvert, i\ t. To remark ujion liy way of 
' criticism, ^tlf - tm^ m Pf^ &M- ^l^ ! to cen- 
sure, ^, R£^, ^^ ; to intlict punishment, ^ 
^ ; to remark on people's shortcomings, i^fl], 

ttif A ±:gM- Sli Ui A ±iT-i«- If A um- nA 

Animadverter, n. 5£#j{y«:g (slang). 

Animal, ?i. A living being, ^!f^. ^®, •^HJ. ^ 
gj, ifcfeP ; a domestic animal, ^^, !f4P : the 
six kinds of domestic animals, * ^^^^it 

m, €^.- 1 

Animal, a. ^^%, ^fUlfl-l : animal spirits, 5^ 
|l^ ; animal food. |^ ^. J$ ^, ^ ^, $ 1 ; to 
have exhausted one's animal spirits, ^-{iifj^'pilii 
^^, ^jpi|i ; deficiency of animal spirits, Ji^ 
[Mil^ J&.-3?Wl5: abundance of animal spirits, 
U.WSM '• animal soul, fii|.jfii^ : animal cour- 
age ^M^^ikm^M- 

Animalcule. «. ;y. often Animalcule, ^^.^s^, 

Animal-nuignetism, n. See Mesmerism. 

Animate, v.t. To inspire, M^-Mif-M '■ <" "I'S''- 
mJi,ffi{£ ; to enliven, %i^^S, ^im^ MM • 
to animate soldiers, ^£ ; to animate (cheer) 
labourers, workmen, &c., f|||, ^j^, M.M- 

Animate, a. Alive, ^i^Wi - animate and wganic 
nature, ^ij^, filif^lM- 

Animated, ])jj. or «. Endowed with life, ^f56^, 
dt!i-fgi?t-fgMMiiilfe; lively, l^fg^^ ; vigor- 
ous, ^J§, ^^, 

Anim'ation, n. Uk, ^f^, mm-^m.- !^^, ^ 
TfHf ; the state of being animated, ^f^ij; spright- 
liness, |f ^ ; in good spirits, fiS-^it\^- 

Ajiiraative, a. '^fSfi^. 

* Horse, cattle, sheep, fowl, dog and pig. 
t The Chinese unicorn as the representative of the hairy 
tribe is so called par excellence. 

Animator, n. One that gives life. !l|^r?f^ ; that 

which infuses life. i^f^Wl^^ i^^fi^WMH- 
Animo furandi. 'With intent to steal, ^^^,i^, 

Animosity, n. Violent hatred. ^it±.ft.- iJA?L5 
flL-'l'fi:P-1'I?J< M; a slight, '^J^;: to give a 
slight. ^F^:. 'M-jiro- |S?J; ; a feeling of animosi- 
ty, «&:• " 

Anise, n. "[§■§• 

Anise seed, n. A^ ; the large kind, 'k'^ : the 
smaller kind, ih^, >h^^ ; general name for 
the seed, fit. trf||^, ISt, MmWi- anise 
seed oil, Aftvlfi'- broken anise seed, A%M- 

Anisette, n. A cordial flavoured with anise seed, 

Ankle, «. JiUBS: sag : an ankle bone, lit Pji't, Sill 
Q't-iiPi'.l'S- m=f^- ankle joints, )]i|tll^li}. 

Anklet, n. SUIE. 

Annalist, 7i. ^|&IB^- 

Annals, n.p/. A relation of events in chronologic- 
al order. Mf^ilttli- ^-^PI^- IJg- liM' SE, 
^H, ^M- .^^ ■■ t" >vnte annals, ^f ^J. |il^. 

Anneal, v.t. i^'^.'-^M- 

Annex, v.t. To join, Pf^ ^^, fim. Pf=f^, ii^, ^ 
^•S'Sfi'^ ; to connect with the preceding, ^|f , 
FI^IhI- Ji^Ff*^ ; to annex a kingdom, Jf 


Annexation, n. Ffj-^, fjf^. 

Annexed, pp. Rif-^i^ ; annexed to. ^,^. 

Annexion, »i. The act of annexing, fii'^. See An- 
nexation. [%• 

Annihilable, a. P^^m^, iUiltlf H' ■^'t^Sf^ 

Annihilate, v.t. To reduce a thing to nothing, ^ 
±.lf^. Jif^lf M- l^'M- to destroy the form 
of a thing, {iJilf B#. MC; to annihilate an 
army, ^'{^^"^ : to annihilate friendship, $g 
^; to annihilate one's liopes. j^^ : to annihilate 
the whole family, ^i^jl^- 

Annihilated, jrp. IJeduced to nothing, )^!§,Sf 


as an army, ^^^^j;^- 
Annihilation, n. |f^. ^^; annihilation of the 

body. t'^SC. 
Anniversary, n. ^, fit i^. ft :^- fit il- ^ J1 ' ^ 

«a 6^ H 4, is #fi^J B flg ; a birth day, :i B , # 

pi ; the anniversary of a parent's death, ,gi H • 
Anno Domini (A. I).). In the year of our Lord. JJIJ 

Annomination, n. A pun, |HS|g± a"; the use 
of words nearly alike in sound, but of different 
meanings, [p]#T>1p]S±.IpI' [p]^M^;^tS. 




Anno Mundi (A. M.)- In the year of the worlcl, 

Annona, «. A year's prod notion, provisions, '^^■ 

Anno LVgui (A. R.)- In the year of the king's 

reign. 3^^Pp]:tlieyearoftlieking's reign, I^. 

Annotate, v. i. To make remarks on a writing, 35 

Annotation, «. A commentary, gjj??. Ml^: re- 
marks or interlinear explanations, ^p], ^^it' 

Annotator. «. ;t£#^. LPiiii- 

AnnoiuiiT. v.t. To give noliee, f^^SD, fr-^-'^S-B^:' 
il^iO- 5i5;D> ■^ffi- 5ifK ; I^J aunounee a victory, 
fEK^ $^ii ; to annouueo a visitor, fK:g, jffi^ ; 
to announce everywliere, H^f^ ; to anuoimce 
one's intention to leave, 'jfriff ; to announce to 
the gods, :*.fiiji, |i4§-|iMi^ ji1j5#- *^-; to 
announce to a superior. Jft-^, jj^j^- * ,'JlBfl; '0 
announce a deatii. "p;I-.fK ! *o «tate, fSJSDi fjt- li 
$iD : to declare by judicial sentence, /f ^• 

Announcement, n. ^ 77;, 'S- if • fR 'g- : the an- 
nouncement of a death, f^^ ^ : to make an an- 
nouncement, ^^; ; the announcement, ^^tnj, 

Announcer, d. One that gives notice, fB m'^- ^3I 
Annoy, r. i. tT}^- ^lA- iPbl- ffHOI- IM- tPtli. 

I"!. "EJflt. (iffi. f?5'I^. ^SP. ?^Si:i3: m^- m 

m^ m M. m m- m j«. t m- m m ; <« annoy 

hy jK'tiliuiis, jiV;] ]3![i^ ; I0 annoy superiors, JiJ^J. 
^ifMSlDI- ^'ik- lEi-riSi:: to annoy wilh 
words, to bother, pfljiif, ^yt^^,- ^fu- 
Annoyance, «. ife'^H, ^S, aH. fl 1^, ?tF.^- iIJi 

Anuoyer, n. flfji^A. fiflff- 
Annoying, pj},-. Pfi®. Ji'i jPf. Rglf . Pf^,^. '^^^. }g 
M, ft-ii ; an annoying person. ia,Km. fk^|± 


Annual, «. Yearly, ^ijifi^, 4i!:dfV^, ^^W- ^P 
^ Jiff W- ^ ^ •- annual festivals, ^f ^ S '^ ; 
birth-days and days of decease, .^y^^^lnM^ S '' 
annual occurrence, ^-rfpP^lf . jH^^fi^:^ ; the 
annual course of (he sun, -J^ ;2,/J> ; 'he annual 
equation of the moon, J^^^-M- 

Anmially, adv. Yearly, i]iif, ^ijif ; to return an- 
nually, ^5 ^ ?}$ — ^ ; annually rejoice on this 
day, ipip^ H ^, j^l^^mU. 

Annuitant, it. One who receives or is entitled to 
an annuity, ^{$g-i;-0 A. 

Annuity, n. An annual allowance, ^^^^^ 
^ ; to grant an annuitv. ^^i'f.^^. ^^'Ml \ 
to receive an annuity for life, ^H^f^, |?^^ 

An expression not used in the south of China. 

Annul. V. t. To make void or of no effect, jS5lfe'® 
■i- ^l^. Rf^^- M.^.- MxJS ; to repeal a law, :^ 

Annular, a. Havinu' the form ot a ring. fyHil 
m- ff: fl^, W [S1 E 6^J' W III ± 5iic : ai'ii'il'^i- 
air-jiump bucket. [UJI^jtS^K^ : annular delivery 
valve. IlIJ^!U-5-P^ ■■ aiiiiular eclipse, ^m,%; 
annular nebula. |1]J]^M^- 

Annulet, n. A ringlet. >]nJ1|. HJ^^: a narrow 
tlat (square?) moulding annulet, Sj-^^^^. 

Annulled, pp. J^^i^. ^M'A^ Wii'A- 

Annulling, ppr. 2^1^. 

Annulment. 7K jfl^tfe' ¥li^' ¥*^- 

Annumerate. r.t. To add to a former number, ;(|(I1 

Annumeration. n. ^0^^/Di'^- 

Annunciate, r.t. To announce, f^'^- tEft- ffi<@" 
m^- fK; to bring tidings. fE?l^M" fSErl ; to 
acquaint with, f^^- 

Annunciation, n. An announcing. ^^; the an- 
nunciation of glad tidings, fg^Woi'a ■ 

Annunciator, n. flS-g-:^-. 

Anode, n. Equivalent to the positive pole, ^^;^ 

Anodyne. ?i. Any medicine wiiich allays i)aiu, 5^ 

Anoint, v.t. To pour oil upon, \<^'{^ ; to rub over 
with oil. :^vill. I^Vjfl- Wi^ • to lay on ointment 
or oil. if villr,-- ?ivil[]'f"y ; to anoint with fragrant 
oil. ^U§!-^. \'i,Wi^ ■ to anoint a king, f^JUl 

Anointed, pp. or a. ^j^f^'Jjij; to have anointed, 

f'.5Miil!- =f^iSviIb 

Anointer. «. f'^vll]^-- 

Anointing, ppy. #/iiU. ^vll]. tJ.Vlll- 

Anointment, «. The act of anointing, ('§ jfl], f^ 

Anomalous, <i . Itevialing from the rule, ^JE, /p 

Anomalislic, Anomalistical. a. Irregular, &t^;* 

(](| ; anomalistic year. 3f.9l^^. 
Anomalously, adv. Z^j^M- /^f/fiSE- 
Anomaly, u. Deviation from the common rule, 1^ 

-^a^-. V-lW.- ^-^ • anomaly of a planet, gjg 

Anomy, n. JEf^, f^^fi- ^i^. Uri- f S- 
Anon, arZf. ^ g^. f.p |i] ; now and then, /^ fl$ ; 

ever and anon. mnj-. '^^J|.5f, jlflf, ;r>IIJ- 
Anona squamosa, n. ^-j&ti. 
Auoniuin, ji. Dead nettle, f^^. 




Anonymity, n. M^^- ^^^■ 
Anonymous, a. gig fifi. |^. j^H^f^^V ^1:^6^- 
^:^6^ • ^" finoiiyiiiniis |iliicnnl. M^ifi^- H^ 

Anonymously. « J ,-. Vfilii^. Z-IH^^- 

Anoi-pxy. 7). ;?;s:^^. p?f:@:^. T^S:^- 

Another, ri. Jlj. ftji. S. $}. 3^. ^Ijfi^ : nnotlior por- 
son. glj A. f&A : nnotlier ow. f,\\^f\^. f^H^ 
m-. fAWU- nnotlicr (Iny. S . fill H • 24: • 
^TB-'i:H-^rH.SH: nnotlior afthir. Jjlj 
^^$?; : anothoi- (ditlVront) affair. T> IpI ± ^ '• 
to )io of'anotlior mind. •;©]g,^||il : anotlier yet ? 
-'l^'/itt^*®): 0"'^ wit'li anotlier. |F]il : three 
flays one after anotlier, j^HH : '^'^'^ another. 
S^fB. ^ikHb- -k% ■■ another look. ||Bf, : another 
place, S'li^: to remove (or move) to another 
plaee. U^?,m- 

Anottn. )). H^IIHfe- 

Ansatecl. a. Havinu' a handle. ::|^;fjf: taking- hold 
of the handle. fgfi^l^#f. 

Anser. n. J,|. 

Anserine, a. twW,^MM'- l"'rtainin,2; to the an- 
sa's. MWi^%\ nneven. :;f:Jp. 

Anson's Bay. n. )\\$}*^- 

Answer, v.'t. or i. To rej^lv. '!§. f\'^. 0^. '^M- 
m m- Bf ■ ^ fi"?; ■ 0^-0 la- E : to reply 
quiekiy, Hft. f^. %% ■ <<^ respond. Wi'^^ W- V ■ 
to answer in the atfirmative. Jg ff : to answer 
the purpose, ^ ffl. -g- jfl. ir ®. * 'g- ^- ii ffl- 
lig: to fall in with one's views, ^g^. pgf^ : to 
answer for another, #|?fiM- fi^ffif*- #{7«^- 
■fKi^ A : to answora liill of exehange(to honour 
a draft), ^H^. : to sueceed. )5^«{ : to answer one's 
expeetatioii. 5^^. '^M- ^JSiH : *'' answer a let- 
ter, igfg, [alfl;: to answer a fault, ^^. 

Answer. 11. A reply, lil M- M "a '■ t'> °'ivo an 
answer in writing. SSW- ^fa- talfS- lal^L- 
19 W' Hfl- ■ to request an answer (used in very 
jiolite lano-uao-e). ^nlslTf:- to exj)eet an answer. 
■I^Hl^. fl W ■• tf '^\''^'t 1'^'' '""i answer. Sf ||| 
0^ : to wait for a verbal answer. ^i|0fiS : 
an answer from the emperor. §|n 
His Majesty's jileasuro. J^h*- 

Answerable, a. To Ije aci'ountahle for, 

M^i- ^fp^Si EP-^Tli SFpI ■• lif is aceonntahle 
for everything. ^'^'^^^ f^ ■ he must bear 
the rnn.seqnenees. ^^f/im- mMBiU- * ffi 
^flil- ff«^- ff^nl: suitable. ^J^: eorrespond- 
.inS' 'S-^- -^S: suited, ^, ^ ffi, Pif: one 

to reeeive 


who is answerable, ^^^. 
Answerableness. v. ^A±.fl^^- t{!^^±.fitt- 

'fir{7c^±flSff; : eon-es|ioii,l,mt. ^j^. ^m- "S- 
Answerer, n. ^^. SfS"^: one who gives an 

answer in writing. Ijl^SW^- 
Ant. 1). ^: the white ant. ^$||; the blaek ant. 

M^: the large red spotted ant. ^.|TSt: 

winged ants, fj^^- ^.iH-iSf : a large speeies of 

ants. Jit j^. JJti^ ; the small red ant. "^^M ; 

as numerous as ants ( said of lianditti). ^ ^; 

an ant-hill, ^gf . ^g^ : aiifs eggs. Jg. i|^, 

^p: the ant queen. ■:k^&- 
Ant-eater. «. Sealv n.anis or pane-olin. ^lll^- 
Antagonist, n. M- iJlM- MM- »?■ ^M- ft.^- 

Aniagonistie. a. Contending against men, ^ A 

P^. |5cA6^ •■ antagonistie (ajiplied to the nature 

of things). -^^ : mutually antagonistie. ^^■ 
Antalgic, a. S'ee Anodyne. 
Antajdirodisiac. a. ^^.6^. ^^fefi^- 
Antaphrodisiac. «. ^ledicine that lessens the 

venerial appetite. 1^'f^.^^- ^^^M- 
Antarctic, a. i^^: the antarctic circle, 'j^^^lll, 

Ante, jirci). Before in plaee. fij ; in front, \^^\ 

opposite. Ifj-^ : before in time. ^, ^. 
Antecede. v.t. To precede, %^, fl^fi^. BUtt- ^ 

Antecedence. ?). The ai-t of o-oiiie- lietore in time, 

Antecedent, a. or v. Prior. %^M- %'ilM- ^±. 
n%mmn^^tm •• I'i-^ antecedents, f&il 
Bijig- iii^Ilt^^- ftil±Mllt:S: ni'li'^s «ncl 
honour have their antecedents. %m.'^W[^- 

Antecessor. «. A leader, -^fe^l ; a principal, f^"^, 
%li- ±^- Riifll : -1 pi'odeee.s.sor in office. |^fi 
^ ; the antecessor of a property. ^;^Rii[i- 

Ante-chamber, «. BS^: the waiting chamber in 
Chinese offices, wliere the visitor presents his 
card. WiM '■ '1 t''''"'"t chamber, fjflf, •TfcgS: a side 
chamber, as in Chinese establislunents, '^gg,, fg 
M- WM- t^l^- ante-chambers in Chinese es- 
talilishments. MW-J\^M- BB- 

Ante-eliapel, n. ^^^^■ 

Antedate, n. A date prior to another, |fj g ^. 

Antedate, r. /. To date before the true time. "^^ 
7i±,0 ^ : t'^ anticipate. ^^. 

Antediluvian, a. fitylc^^-^ : antediluvian age. fit 

Autedilnvian. n. mti\yKJt.A- 

Antelope, n. Pigmy deer. g. ^ : antelope gut- 




turosa, ^i^: genoral names for antelope, ^ 

^- ^^ : liorns of antelope. ^^.. f'^^%. 
Ante-meridian (A. ^L). «. ±^. J:ft, ±^0. 
Antemotie, ■». ±P@^. jtPi^J- 
Antomundanp. a. %1't^^- y'cJiy'tl'k- 
Antenn.T. ». j)/. Feelers (if inscds. J|, il\^. 
Antepast, n. f^omelliino' taken liefon' tln' jirojier 

time, fl^^.-^: foretaste. M-ft^i^- 
Antepenult, n. The last syllable of a word exeept 

two. "i-^^g^^H- 
Antedono. i-.^ ^W^.wl- W^MM ■ •« p'^K-e one 

thing before aiiotlicr. •{Jjli^lli.llfj- 
Anterior, «. licfore in time. fS^t- t^W- t^ RU • '^^^' 

terior to, :Jt%- ^-^fM- anterior view. ]£^. 
Anterior Tibet, ». |fj!^. 
Anteriority, li. -^tW- lS,7t- 3E]Iij- 
Anteroom, «. The waiting room in an offieial 

rcsidenee. fg]g. 
Antes, n. pi. Pilasters, square projections attached 

to a wall. [pliftiS : a column of pillars. — fjfi ; 

the first line of vines, ^|}^Ii±.RU frl^- 
Ante-stomach, * «. ^^f h • 
Anthelmintic, n. ^kM- ^^.H- 
Anthem, n. A sacml tune. ^f^. ^sf ±-^;^ft : 

a hymn sung in alternate parts, g. ff j^ j^gS 

Antheniis. n. The I'oman camomile, ^,'^4i'j;f£ 

Anthology, n. A collection of tlowers. J^il^ftSI'' 

a collection of beautiful passages from authors. 

^"^MM '■ 'II tl"' '"I'eek church, a collection of 

devotions. |SB3^IS- 
Anthora, n. .^p^. 

Anthracite, n. A hard mineral coal. ^^■ 
Anthrax, n. f'arbuncle (sore), "0:]ti: a precious 

stone, ^B^I^. 
Anthrojiological. a. According to human manner 

of speaking. {J5[Ap^'- pertaining to anthropoio- 

Antliriipolngy, n. A discourse upon hunnin nature, 
k^'Bt^ '• tl'fi doctrine of the structure of tlie 
human body, ^Ig""^!^: the natural iiistory of 
the liuman species. j^Agi[p^- 

Anthropomancy, n. Divination by inspecting the 
entrails of a human being. ^IJ§, ]\^',Wj- 

Anthropopathy, n. Tiie affections of man, A 'In ! 
the application of human passions to the Su- 
preme Being, ±1{f^A^^MnAWt^n± 

* mm±<^^mi^\i^ir&±^- 

Anthropophagi, •^ A^. 

Anthropophagous, a. :^At^^. :^ A"^. 

Anti, prep. Against, ^. ^. %. 'M- '"^ V^^'^^ '^^^ 

n. #. 

Antiliilious. n. Curing or counteracting liilious 
complaints. WW0f^M- 

Antic, a. Old fa.shioned. ti^- 'i^&- ii^^- ti"^ 
m : odd. ii%. l?i[t^ : so odd or strange ! pf}- ,*,- 
tf , nimd^, miE^. Mm ■■ fantastic, If Sfi^ 

Antic, n. A buffoon. KlJEl- M^- tiWUK- l^S 
^ : odd appearance, fantastic liiiiircs. ■j^'U;^^^. 

mt^mmm- mf^^^- mm- mm- 

Antic, v.t. To uiakc antic, fil'j'tlfl^. 
Antichamber, n. See Ante-chamber. 
Antichrist. „. Wi^^^- 
Anlichristian. /,. mt'^^- i^tt^ilA- 
Antichristian. n. mH'M^- ji^ttttf ±^- 
Antichristianity, n. igS^ilJt, IV JJ't ±.5i- 

Anticipate, r.t. To take betore another. -^M- 
fl^-l- SJt : to act before another. -Jfef^. ^1^ : 
to have a previous impression of sometliiug 
future, B^^: to iiave a presentiment, ^^^ 
SfK^Rn^l: to conceive previously. %,^U 
)*: what I anticipated. ;f> |llj3/ff4-: who would 
have anficipati'd (hat "? l^^ : I did not antici- 
pate that, w^m- li-f^f/.'- nz>ik- m^z^3\- 

yTj+B;^; Jij : to mak(> previous arrangements, ffj 
ffi'^TM^: to anticipate with certainty, flfl^g ; 
why should we anticipate our sorrows? fiif-^t'S 


Anticipated, pp. Taken licfore. ^JcM'M ■ foreseen. 
mn.- fi^ii- m^fc^M : conceived by present- 
iment, M7fcPS%- 

Anticipation, n. The taking lieforehand, ■^'M'- 
slight previous impression. fSvt^^ii^. Pn ^- fft 
TfenS^iLli:: foresight, m^- fKig: >\v antici- 
pation, fii-^. 

Anticly, nch-. In an antic manner. T^'ig^^ : with 
fanciful appearance. ^'\li.m ■ "ddly. If ^i: 


Anticontagious. a. Destroying or n]iposing conta- 

gi-'i'- Mife^ftTi^. rni^m-i- BM^^.^?ii- 

Antidotal, a. Jkm(\^- mm(^'}- mm^- /^is«# 
Antidote. ;,. mm^m-i&^±.^-^^:tm- 

aniidote of sorrow. ]^^ij. M^ii- 
Antifanatic, n. An opposer of fanaticism. ^i/£5ic 

^ ; a tolerant person. %)~i\^K'^- 
Antifebrile, a. -^^f-jHl't'j- m'K'^\ antifebrile me- 




Aulilitliii/, V. A remedy agaiiisst sluiie in the blad- 
der. mim-^B- 

Autilitliie, a. Tending to prevent tlie formation of 

stone in the bladder. ±BMt^^±M- 
Antilogy, n. ^M^^' Rmi.M- 
Antimacassar, n. P^ffflKU- \^- 

Antimason. n. i)no opposed to masonry, jlJClS^S'^ 
Autimasouic, n. Op[iosing freemasonry, ft'iJcJS^fi'^ 

Antimeter, 7,.ft;tfi-ft^§§- 
Antiministerial. a. Up]iosed to the ministry, fn,M 
:k&.- t/C'S': o|ipnsed to the government, ^^* 

Antimonarchieal, a. Opposed to monarchy, "^jgj 
iS8i6^' '''■'* f'PF'^*'*' '^ l^iiiji'ly government. 

Antimonarcliist. ». An enemy to monarchy, ^i 

Antimony, u. ^-Mif/g (|^^l- 

Antimoraiist. «. An opposer of morality, ^^f^f* 

Antincmian, n. I^fii A- ilJi^- 

Antinomy, «. A contradiction between two laws, 

Anti-papal. „. Opposing popery, in.XiM^'i, =^ 

Anti-papistic, a. Opposed to papacy, f)L%i|i6^- 

Aniipatiietic, Anti}iathelical. «■/. Constitutional 
aversion to a thing. iC^HfivJ-I^^^-l ; very averse 

to, iffiim- 

Antipathy, n. Aversion. ]$,^.. ^;g, li^. if^-, 
it. ^:E- i^fljt ; '" gft 'in aversion to. ^^iJH;-. to 
avoid iienple's dislike. jSi^j^; petty dislikes. >]% 
SIf,;; repugnance. ■\lkM- 

Anti-phlogistic, a. Counteracting preternatural 
heat, fjft^U'l'j- anti-phlogistic medicine, fi!(f% 
il^M'^ anti-phlogistic treatment. ^^,i.iii- 

Autiphoual, a. Pertaining to alternate singing, 

Antiphonal. n. A book of antiphones or anthems, 

Autiphrasis, n. The use of words in a sense ojiposite 
to their proper meaning, ;^iE^;<;^BpJ- upIteS'IQ 

Antipodal, n. Pertaining to the antiiiodes, Bg.']J,ll,g 
Antipodc. Antipodes. mmUfj^iS- fiU 

they are antipodes. ^<^^^-}^ : at antipodes. ^ 
Antipoison, n. JJC^§k- Lj^- 

Anti-pope. n. One who usurps the papal pow"er, f§ 


Antiquarian, a. ij-^,]^^ ; an auti(iuarian shop, 
'S'JictS- l^fiii' '^1^ antiquarian shop where 
old and rare books can jje got, "^ilftl^. 

Antiquarian, n. See Antiquary. 

Anti(iuary, n. One who studies into the history of 
ancient things, U^ ZhM'^iiK\ '^ lover of 
anticinity, ^-^^^. 

Antiquate. v. t. To make old. |@?jfe. 

Antiquated, iJp- or a. "i'-^fl^ ; olisulele 

Anti(iue, a. Old, i^-^. tiM^- ti^m 
old-fashioned, 'jir®!'^. -^-JliKJ^ : ''d'l 
^ : rare (as curious), fij^. -f^^. 

Antitjue. n. ^^. 

Antiquity, n. ^^^' : high autiijuity. ±^,± 
iU: : the time of Wan Wang, about ilOO ]j. C, r\* 
•j^ : the time of Confucius. ~f^ : remains of an- 
tiquity. iJ^, -j^l- 

Antirevolutionary. a. 0)iposed to a revolution, J^ 
f^SLfi'j ■ opiiosed to a change in the form of a 
government. -{J^i^^f^^. 

Antircvolutionist, n. I^f^^t^". xJiliWi^- 

Antiscorbutic, Antiscorbutical. a. f^^afj^ : coun- 
teracting scurvy, jh^'J'l- 

Anti-scriptural, a. Not accordant with the .Sacred 
Scriptures. T>^^#- ffiS^II- 

Antiseptic, a. Counteracting a putrescent tenden- 
cy, ±.umm- 

Antiseptic. /). A medicine which resists putrefac- 

tiou. ±.\^mm'zM- _ 

Anti-slaverv. /;. O]iposition to slavery, JJLjg^^ 

Antispasmodic, a. Pe>iistiug convulsion. iLitfijffi 
Antispasmodic. /;. ±JlliJl3±,l|- 
Antitheism. n. ;r> falJ■±■7ii'-ili• 
Antitllesis, u. §i^p}. ^f^li]- K^- Kf'Ji- 
Antithetical, n. fj-|^^ /fg ff g^ : aliouuding with 
antithesis. ''ei^M'^P}- 
I Anti-trinitarian, n. T>lS±1&i^iH^— W^- Jt 

Antivenerial.((.I\esistiug venerial poison, jh-Jtl'ifT 

Antler, n. A branrh of a horn of the cervine an- 

' imals. :f|;^rX•E1^•E!^■■ 
Antnnonulsia, n. ffifg^^, a«: — lie is a Wa t"o, 
fjji^ j'|fp'£. i. e. a celelu'ated pliysician; the use 
of the. uami' of an office for the true name of the 
person. i^fi^si'iM:^- 
Autre, n. A cavern, jls]. ili|^. ^. 
Anus. n. Un MM- SP^O, ±^'0. MWk- M 


pg, Jg ; aans of a liorso, J§R*, j^RPl 

Anvil, n. wtB- mn- ?J&^- P&- nma- 

Auxietv, n. .Solicitudf. ^i;. ill.>i:,. ^;#. ^jg. 1 
jjj. ^j5 ; (lisiiiiii'liiilc, ;g:]|: : mieasinos^. -gg. 
M^- ,{^-S. -fv^' .#.€-■• .ei'''it anxiety. >i;,,f^. 

^■li- ^n^- ms- psmm^i-T, mmmmxM 

m^%U; Mmstant anxiety, -^flt jg. ^^|. : to 
manifest great anxiety about a person, ^Ai. 

Anxious, a. Solicitous, ^g;. ^j^. ^S' #.©• 

it- i:.-^:- ^?>i:v|Effi- I^^SIE- -aitJAM. -M 

>il'>'lfj'lft' • ^''''v anxious, ^1^ : do not be too anx- 

Anxiously. f;c/c. ^§; anxiously longing lor. -tjw, 
J§^: anxiously thinking about. ^§;g. f^ g. 

Anxiousness. n. Great solieitude, ^J^lJ. 
Any. rt. One. iudctinitcly. — f@. fg fl,, ^fi^fi>l6^: 
any one (person). ^^m'j&M- T^^fnjA- T'^^lM 

11- j^rnm- ^^t^^A- v^m-km- ^^M-^m- 

eg a^ JS fl • T> ^/.J ^ A : is there any hope V ^ 
Wf#lli^ l^>- tW,tlSlli^ : liave you any V f;J; 
W^eS- fi^WiTr; ii"t any. — ^^^t; any body, 
^s^IpIA ; any plaee, 7f,tki^'i^- in a"}' plf'-'P- 
ig.^; above any tiling, j|^ : not any one, 4K 
— >i^ ; anywhere, H^t^'^lMZ^^HilM' will 
you go any further? (:)■.+?> frjsflW '• 'i''^'*^' y^i 
any more to say V fij; £ W EJi i.S'^.^IJ'b : without 
any more ado, g|] jilj, ;f; ,^, ^ s^ : is any body 
here? WA^fcjlfcti- WAPif.^P^: I ^o not 
want any thing, -tiff SPPg^- ^tl^W^- S 
®:^IS^T>^T : any time. ;r,tS]fpJIl$. «$11*. 

Any-how, rt(/r. 5lj6{(. T>5llSi 

Aorta, «. The great artery, ^.jM^'- 

Ajmce, aJr. With a ((uiek pace, ^ ff, tT#^' 
^Hi:^- S:fltfc-- speedily, hastily. '^. 1. 

Itji. tCil, ^;tt- Mt- f?^M!,^.,^.- 

Apart, adv. Separately. ^^^. m^- ^IffT Fa^ifl. 
FbIPS- iftFal. Pi*- ttHfl : to lay apart. Ijiil; 
to set apart (as a person for an office), i$^: to 
dwell apart, ^r^. if}/g. ^Ijjg, ^^- : aside, ^ 
IS, tJii, ff fH'J ; every one apart, 'J$'!% : not far 
apart, i|i T> is: place these apart, fi fj: [^ ^ : 
unable to pull a pari, ^J.J. ^^.^. rp^H- 

Apartment, n. A room in a, building. J^fal- J^^' 
— P^g; a dwelling, ^, ig : rifficial residences 
(apartments for distinguisheil and higii offi- 
cials), ig||: large apartjnent, ±^\ apart- 
ments of a Tsiu sz, MiM- a private a[iart- 
nients, |i^; a sleeping aiiartment, |,D)|;g, ^ 

( 44 ) APH 

I ^' ©IM- Bi^; a female apartment, g|^. ^ 

_ ' liH- §r*i. -^ffl- Mia- ii^- -k^m- ^^m ; 

"" side ajjartmeuts (apartments in the two wings 
of the official residi'nces or of those of the rieii), 
S- MW- MW- apartments for a guest, ^^ ; 
apartments for officials and their families, when 
out of office or waiting for their departure, ^ 

Apatiietic. Apathetical. a. Void of feel inu', 
Ajiathv, /(. Want of IVdings. SBEfJ-lf. te'j*. '^ 

Si- ;?^'i=A^- giiift^A- Iti^P^A- T^lS^h 

A]ie, ji. A tailless monkey, J^. ^: general term 
for monkeys. i\% .B^^fg.'^;^^. ffiH: the onuig- 
outaug or chimpanzee, J^^J. : a tricky small 
S))ecies of an ape, ^f5 • '^ she monkey. 5® J^ ; 
a niimicker of others. ^A^. i^^^MM.-^^) 
mU- ^4^^#: "m' ape imitates the otiier 
( sai.l of children), :k^mimM^^'M- 

Apejisy. «. Indigestion. fi^tT>ii^'- :^!!^^'fb. 5i^ 

Aperient, «. $lis;j64- 

Aperient, ?(. A laxative medicine, |5;$S}iif,i|l' 

m$m- >hmm- mum- 

Apert. a. Ojien. undisguised, ^f^,. 

Apertiou, n. The act of opening, g^ ! the state of 
Ijeing opened. ^T ! a gap, or pass in a mount- 
ain. lUlllil. 

Aperture, n. An opening- or hole. §|. JL, p, .^, 
^n : a cleft, B- W^- ^- ®- ?LS|:- ifS^:: an 
aperture in clothes, ^||, ^^L, ^flg: a little 
vent in a dress, ^}^.. ^^X- ^Jft ; not one aper- 
ture oijen (a dull stupid fellow). -^^^jS- 
unable to open one of his ajiertures (one who 
cannot be made to understand ), MPg p] ^ : a 
sage has seven apertures (in his heart), ^^ 

Apeum graveolens, n. '^gf, ^;?|i, 

Apex. )(. The summit of anything, JJ, HBg, M 
IjK- MIM' the summit of a mountain, lill^, \\i 
^ : the summit (or apex) of a range of mount- 
ains, ^.^'1^^ : the summit (mctoni/mi/j. ij^,^. 
S®- U^: lii<^ apex of a tree, ^!l'p.:{ii'p. tU 

Aplianesite. n. A copper ore, ^J^^. 
Ajihelandra aristata, n. fji^A- 
Aphelion, ». That point of a jilanet's orbit, whidi 
is most distant from the sun, ffM^H SiS;®' 


( 45) 


Aplionj, 71. A loss of voice, ^#, j^^. JiP^ ; 

dumbness, 'M. 
Aphorism, n. Pireept, ^ 5^ ^ 15 : sayiug. *g ; 

maxim, ^|=. pjs?f, j^ = , IS = • mk- 
Aphoristic, Aphdristical. a. g|gg, |£-ln: ^W- 
Aphrndisiac. ;(. A provocativi' tu wiU'rv, ';|iF|f^- 

^■^m- rn'MM- %^¥Am- mm- mm ^m-^ 

apiirodisiac pills, '^\%X- 
Aphrodite, n. A uaiin' of ^'l■^ns. l^ ^ M # ^ • 

Aphrodite iu Chiua. ^^t^j^i- 
Aphtiions, n. Pertainiiiii' tu thrush. P ^')|3^. 
Apiary, n. ^®g. 
Apiastrum, n. A kiml of mint. |i^^. 
Apiece, adv. ^■— . ^f@ : tu eadi (me apiece, '^. 

Ait—; a cash — ^_f@. 
Apis. )i. An ox worsiiipped iu anri"nt Euvpt. — 

Apish, n. Affected. J^ ff : with apish coiirtesv, 

imitating olhris. JJtAli^. H^^Afii fgf^. 

Apishly, rt,7r. Foppishly. ,,7^.0^;^. iiiJiM^ : ««"- 
vilely. ISiJIg. 

Apishn.'ss. n. Uimmmm- ^m^-^'' atiected- 
ness. ^fr. ^^.ff- 

Apitpat, «(<i-. fjffi®. 

Apocalypse. ». lievelation. ^i;^, Mifi- %'a^^- 
^{1] ; name of tiie last book iu the Sacred fScrip- 
'm-e. ^|S*»:S. 

Apocalyptic, Apucalyptical, <i. Pertaining to re- 
veiatiou. Ji5^^. ' 

Apocrypha, n. Bouks that are not canouical, ;p|S 
±i'- iilijJC : books excluded from the chris- 
tian canon, /f-> AMM^^'- books opposed to 
tjie Sacred Scripture, ;r^^^lli:«- tiEfc 

A}jocryphal. a. Kot canouical. ;f;|l['l^. ;^ AflH^ : 
false, ^g. fgfg. ffi^-E: lictitious. ]^^: doubt - 

Apodictic, Apodictical. r/. Evident lieyond con- 
tradiction. fi^^Cfj. {fltfi^ : clearly proving, ^g- 

Apod'ictically. adv. MM- mf:l ^{111- Mit- 

Apogee. ». That poiut iu the orbit of a planet. 
which is at the greatest distance from the earth. 

Apollu. n. %J^fllf^. 

Ajxijoger, n. Sae Apologist. 

Apologetic, Apologetical, a. Jiefcnding by words 

* An expression used by women when quarreling witli 
eacli other. 

or arguments, #tSi-#fc&-#t0J^& ; excusing, 

Ajioloiiist. )(. One who makes an apology. g^.-fU 
^■MiUH^^riin^- one who speaks in'delenso 
of anotiicr. fA; Agjttll- #Alf fif- ftl^A- 

Apnlogi/.e. ,: /. To make an api.logy. Bflt-gJI^. 

m^- Bi^- i-jiw- tm- Tim- m-M.-:Ki'x.w ■• 

to make exciisr tor (to dcclincl. ^gj:-. ^f£. ^ 

m- mm- mn- np^- jekj- m\^\- m^- 

Apologue. ,(. A moral fable "|j]^. '^a'. 

Apology, n. An excuse, sftil- gJilW- ;JMW- 12-;1 : 
excuse^^=|=. ^|^ ; a writiru defense ^i-iit 
'^■UtTTiy^^ ■ ;i tlcfi'use of a case in court 
or of other dillerenees. Uf%.^^. H^.n.|fg. 

A)ioplithegm. Apolhegm. u. A remarkable say- 
ing. ^W- ^^i'ilB" : a short, instructive re- 
mark, mn- 'RtJi- 

Apopioctic. Apnpleclical. a. p^mflfj. IVaifi^J. 

Apoplexy, n. t^B.- W^- Bj^- paralysis (as a 
consequence of a stroke of apoplcxyl. ^||. |g| 
^: partial paralysis, ^^Tf-'M- •' i^'i'"ke of 
apoplexy, tfij^: apo|ilexy from elfusion of blood, 
flilfil+Ml: serous aimplexy. ig?]*:^'^: -^ ht of 
apoplexy. #®|^5|. 

Apostasy. ». W|5:. ^f,Mf ■ ;Klii:- mil- 

Apostate, ». A renegade, ^f||ic^, ^^ff^, ^IJj; 

Apostate, a. Traitorous. ^. Jf ^if. ^5^. 

Apostatize, v. I. Tu abandon erne's religion, ^^, 
^ft- ^!^^?i- Mmt : to abandon one's pro- 
fession. M%U^M- 

Apostemate. v.i. 4if- ^Oi- 

Apo,stle, n. A disciple of Christ, ^M. ^^. M 
1^: one comuiissioned to jireaeh the Oospel. ^ 
K'a^- mM^ '• '■^ person deputed to execute 
some important l>usiness, ^^. ^M^- 

Apostleship. n. ^M^M- 

Apostlic, Apostolical, a. Eclating to the apostles, 
mm^^- BM&^- BM^U ■- agreeing with the 
doctrine of the apostles, -^^^if^. -^jEli- 

Apostrophe. * n. The addressing one who is dead 
or absent, 'j^ljj^l^ : the contraction or ommis- 
sion mark, i^^Z^-MS^i.^- 'li'' apostrophe 
is the inverted character | • ) aud written { ' ), ^ 

Apostrophize, v. i. To address liy ajioslrophe. ^ 
MMfi^ : '" mark the omission of a letter, ^$^ 





Apothecary, n. Hfl^^^sS^"- Klll/S^- iil^- ^ 
^ ; one who iiracliccs )ilianiiiii-y. MMH^ '■ ^^*^' 
wlio sells drugs, mMU^-^M^C^^- an apo- 
thecary's shop, * |i#M-^#jS; ^ Pl'i'-'C ] 
where dnigs are prepared. M'^$kW- 

Apothegm, n. See Apo]>htheg'm. j 

Apotome, Apotomy, n. The diB'erence between two 
iucoraiuensurablc quantities, or which are eom- 
nieusurable only in jiowcr. §|}|,^. 

Appall, r.t. To terrify. iS«, ^Pi- ^1?-^'II. I 

mil- ^'\t- ^B^ mm um^- mn ^^m^x- 

Apiialling. iipr. Depressing with fear. ^PJIn^.iS 

fji«ri^j: impressing with IVar.pJIi.Pj^.Pj"^. j 
Ajipalluicnt. II. Depression occasioned liy fear, jg,^ 

Pi: mn% mm- 

Appanage, n. i^i^- 

Apparatus, n. \l)l. Apparatuses. ^^. ^M- §§ 
)lMil§; a- set of instruments, —Mil II J:; 
todls. instruments, furniture, &c. are generally 
called ^tJc (also written 'i^^[}i). ;^-®. ff if^. % 
% ; instruments of war. ^^.'^^- %^^ : me- 
chanical apparatus, -f^§§. 

Apparel, n. J)ress, ^/JIJ. j^ij^. #||, ^ii^^HR- 

Apparel, v. «. To dress. ,^'^^. ^^BR ; 'o adorn 
with dress, ^#;g, )t^#, H^fiji. i(T-^HR> Wtr 

Apparent, a. Visible, Jjinjj, BJM- f^f^- ^BJ- DS 

^, EM, EJl' SUJ: maJ, iJi. "jj- PTiaJi- Mj 

Al#' RJii- ^?^ : I'eir ap[iaicnt to the crown 
of an empire, -j^^ ; heir apparent to the crown 
of a kingdom, ^ ^ ; the ways of Providence are 
apparent, XWISjIl; '^ times of national ca- 
lamity, the laithful statesman is uppareut. |3 

Apparently, adv. Evidently, K,^f«. P/jff;, PJ^, 
ISf^ ; the statements are evitlently laJse, pj^ 
'it/ii. ii(^:^pl ; seemingly. i/ffi(f;. j^w' fU 
^■(U- (ia^-e^i fti/iJ3, fW'S- tofif: : apparent- 
ly true, but realiy wrong, jyj^|lij#: apparent- 
ly very clever, fy^jfy-t^- 

Apparition. ,). A ghost, ^, 5\l.iyc. ^\^. Jjj'g. Jjc 

WiU- 1 ^I^M' + i'ii^M) + SI^- ^M. ; :^ visible 
object, Jj-liflj. fit Jii'#J, iiii> ; a visiuu. #:^7. 

Apparitor, n. ^, i(£}j[i- 

Appeal, r. i. or ^ 'io refer to a superior or supreme 

* Those who deal in drugs on a large scale are called ^ 
i^^. Foreigners who wish to dispose of foreign ortoinir- 
chase native drugs on a large scale, should always use this 

+ These forebode evil. J These two forebode luck. 

court. J:f§, ±4^. J^^ir: MB^ £>±^: ±±^ 

W<- P-i^- ''J I'eler to another for the decision of 
a question, j^g^p- if9Uf- M'^ "- 'M'F^l in writ- 
ing, i^MMM- AlH- ; I appeal to your feelings, 
^5j«; to appeal again and again, ^.^^M-M 

Ap}ieal, v.t. To charge with a crime, ■^^• 
Ajipeal. n. The removal of a cause of suit from a u 
inferior to a higher triliunal, J:S ; to issue a 
siiuuuous to answer a charge. ^, ^^, UiM' 
{Ij'^: a very urgent summons (not written, but 
being a longitudinal lioard with the following 
characters on), fj|0^^: an a}>peal to arms or 
force, ^^tfc. Ui-^mji^Wi^ ■ "n appeal to 
thethromv I'PF&l- ^iPTlic- 
Appealalile, a. That may be removed to a higher 

tribunal for decision. rTJiS- 
Ap[iealed. pp. Pemoved to a higher court. J:^ 

Appealer, n. ±i^^. HP^A- 

Aiipealing.^*^j;-.or'(. Hemoving a cause to a higher 
triliunal. JiJ^ ; referring to another for a de- 
cision, i^muwi- 

Appear, c. /. To be visible. J|, ^ ; to fiecome vi- 
sible, mm. lu jji. isimaimsi- tm- mn^ 

mm- BS ^- m^- JJI m-mm- to appear in 
court (to be tried). JH^, fij H, ^H, 31 M'^ 
required to appear upon a trial, |f^; to ap- 
pear in court as a Ian yer. l\j]^ ; to seem, ^-fy, 
nm^ fy=^: MU •(&■ m^^ ; it appears to me, 
^fi^- ; ihey appear bad vas provisions), ij-ffjig; 
to appear to comply, fflJlS ; to appear in public, 
fSlj^UjA; to apj)ear in print (to tocome an 
author), [l{g, ; to appear to be printed, ffjj^; it 
will appear by wiiat IbUows, ^^. i|BJjit,'B: 
M.yM-nW\^Ui ; to appear belore Uod,i!jJ: 
iS^\ii]m; an angel appeared to him in a 
dream. Xi^^i]' }l Hk fill ; to appear in one's 
original lorm, '^ fsUHli^f)!^, JJitlJ^i^Q ; appears 
good. faf'I^W- ■• he appears to be ill. lElUf^ifft' ; 
it appears to me iliat the price will go up soon, 

Ajipearauce. ». Coming to light. Ui Jji-^ ; personal 
appearance. §m, ^•^,)^^. mi- mk- 'AM- 
^'M- M»5. ; exhibition of the character. '\^^ ; 
appearance of a person's habits, t|)i. fiBM- ^ 
^ ; a commanding appearance, J^HitK'IS ■ tli*^ 

* An expression used on the stage, when a fox, alter 
having been transformed into a beautiful female, assumes 
its original form. The term is also applied to men. 




appearance of one's emintenanee (oolour of the 
face), Mfe--^fe-Mf^-#,^; ontward i\]>p9nr- 
anco, :5Mft,. ■$Jh^|.4'^tl|: tin' nppi^arniifp (stale) 
of an alTair. |fc. J^|fc, ^,^^]^. mt^ ■ <'"' n> 
pearanfe of tliinfi's, %-^^ ; a good apjicarance. 
if 3t:f:- 1^^ : appearance of a landscape. J^ffe, 
%^. -^Mi '■ ^(^ make one"s first appearance on 
tlie staae. f(jtU>^J- : to enter into a bond for ap- 
pearance, ^i^M- jiffcni ; :^ l'i>'i' appearance. 
itfiflJl^: to all outward appearances, he is 

wrong. m^±m>MrB$'i- ^^msmnm 

0g : a frightened apiiearanco. Sff^a- MM 
^^ ; a dignitied and fine appearance. )^\^. 
Appeared, ^jp. ffl Jli^ : his original shajie ajipear- 

Appearing, j)^))-. Coming to light. ^JjJ,. {ijJl ; 
seeming, ns if, ia^. iffy, m^- m^- ffll*. 
^M- P)W ■ appearing like a dream, iTfy^^- 

Ap)ieasa))!e, «. That may lie qnieted. Zjipffi^, pf^, 

Appeasahieness. n. PTiSij^fll^- 

Appease, r. t. To reduce to a state of peace. Zp. ZJi 
?ii. 2p ±, fu it ;^ . fiJi :ji ¥ 4^- •l^ -it -T^ fu : fo 
conciliate, iify, fjifft. IHlfU- ^J3f?- ?K]fg- g<<r- 

faif. muiM.^ ■- 1" ^'"'tii'^- §it mm. ^m- 

^M ■ ti' <TpP«ise one's wrath, ,|,*^,. ihlJST^iS- 
l!%!9i-T^;to appease one's hunger. JjJlJli. 

Appeased, p2:>- Allowed one's self to be, iSij^.U, |ft 
■^Jit ; reduced to a state of peace, fn^, ^T' 

Apjieasement, n. The state of being in peace. Hp 

^ ; tlie act of apjieasing, ^fQ. ^^. fi^U- 
Appeaser, ii. Consoler, ^M-^ \ paeifier. H|fu^. 

Appeasing, jjj)^'- Quieting, as medicine, jj^. 

Appellant, n. One who ap}ieals to a higher court, 
_fcS^ ; one wlio [iroseeutes anotlier lor a crime, 
%^^- mtWk- ntM^k ; a challenger. 

Appellate, a. Pertaining to appeals, B^Jii^. 

Appellation, n. Name, ^ ; style. ^ : title. ^ ; the 
ruling title, g^: designation, ^Pf-: fen thou- 
sand years is an appellation of the emperor. H 

Appellative. * ?i. '^^. 

Appellatively, adv. mf^M- ^^±.#- 

Appellee, n. The defendant of an appeal, fj^^^. 

Appellor, n. ±^_^. 

Append, r. f. To hang or attach to, as 1)y a string 
so that the thing is suspended, fg?:^. ^J; : to 
alla(di to. as a seal, Pf^pf] : to attach at the end, 
m^- nm- ^m- mi. ^Il ; to attach, as by 
a string. ^|[>^ : to a]ipend. as to an account.^ 
B\^- Wi\U^- W± • 1" iippend to the girdle or 
dress. Pf^«. 

Appendage. i?. Sometiiiiig added to a principal 
thing, m^- ^^W.-WM^i,% •• an appendage 
to a girdle or dress. [^]DiK: an appendage to a 
cap. liat. &c.. ftfl^ : useless ap))endages. }W&- 

Appendant, n. Annexed, Pf]ig. ^Iff. PftR. Pf^Ji: 
belonging to. |^. 

Ap].ending'. fpr. Annexing. PftiS. Pf}^. m%. 

Ajipendix. «.:■/)/. .\piiendixes or Ap|iendices. A 
supplement, mnm'm- tftit- f^«i tgW. Pft 

Appertain, i.i. To l„.|ong fo. W,- Pfl®- 111- ^ 
r?^- jII^ : it appertains to him. W\^- ffsfR"^, 
13 {fi : it does not appertain to me. 4iE(jgf;^Ifil^g. 

Appertaining, ppr. liehmging to. /^. |!^ : belong- 
ing to him. ^li^P^, B31&- 

Appertenance, li. /S'ce Appurtenance. 

Appetence. Appetency, n. Carnal desire. ^.>At-^Z 

B- ?I5?5- ?^*^:- •£>*■ Pi*2- [^i^- '|-^?5- ifS- 

•^,^0 : the natural ineiinalion of the lirute crea- 
tion to perform certain actions. T^g^. g *^^ 
Appetible, n. jf *J, if g^- PTi©- pT^- 
Appetite. «. Tlie natural desire of pleasure or 
good. $|. m : a desire of food. ^^ DS^i- ^ 
n : hunger. HtQ^. ff ^t. g^. g^^. g,^- tt 
HS^T ■ a craving for a special dish or sensual 
gratification. mM-- M^- «tt- fit?- «f g^- 'k 
^f : a craving for brandy. \%'^- : sensual ap]ie- 

fifi^ ^IM- ^'fi^- Wf!^- i^S- ^'fS- jft^S- Wfi^" 

?$Si ■ a desire for (is chiefly expressed liy). '^ ; 
the thing desired. if|j§jc : no aii|ietife. Pg^.;^, 
P^S^-Mh Pm nur^iT-^^lf Mi'Ji : to excite 
an appetite, f?3 R . P 7JC#f^ ^t<0M ■ an ap- 
petite of praise. ]imm- I.if5- iT-S?(i^i|i : to be 
impelled liv appetite. jSl^I-Jf fiE- 
Applaud, v.t. n,||i. fS^^. fit. ^It. 1^^. It 
#. It'^- 1^^- '^fltf; : to praise one's self, sf 

Applause. «. A shout of approbation. HljliJ. u^, 
mi&m'^; g-'-'^at applause, f;wtEJI. Jglf^- 

Applausive, rt. Applauding, \%%^{\'.y. an applausive 
song, |M^±.£l^. 




Apple, n. Fresli applo. ^^M- ^M- ^^'^^^ apple, 
^^-M' ♦liP apple of tliee3-e. the pupil, if.^. 

Apple-pie. n. Jpii'i^. 

Apple-tart. ». ipi!|il5f . 

Ajtple-tree. ». 2p||t|J}. 

Apple-woman. «. due who sells njiples and other 

kinds of fruit. Wz-I^mif ■ =fi5M«- 
Appliable. «. ^^. i® Jfl. ^M^- 
Applianee. v. The ar-t of a|iiilvinf;'. j^. f-^ffi- 
Applieahility, «. -^ffl. ^J^^tf. 
Applicahle. a. That niav he apjilii'd. p]"^. ^^, 

jlffl : appliralile to I'lin:. PTtlrfiil- Pe^taftil- ^!f 

Applieahleness. «. RT^n^'- ■PTRS^- 
Applicant. «. PJlBx^. Tfl->]$A- ;K®i:A- 
Appliention. ?). The act of a|i)i]vin,!i' a.s means, J^. 
ffiffl- ^m^lp- S;K=rKjfB ': applieation of the 
mind. *,i:,. $;^. ^If^. ^-. SI: the appli- 
cation of a sermon. ?a=-- r^fi^"- ^fi^W : 
to make an apjilication in writing. !^^;f^flll: 
a novel applieation. ^^f^ : to require appliea- 
tion. ^13 '6- 1*^ require a]iiilication of strenji'th, 
m^Wlij- am)^>^'J^-H!:fj; the applica- 
tion of a story. W/)*;:^3il : the application of 
paultiee, •fj^'If^: he sent an a]i)ilicalion to his 
master for an increase of his salary. -(gS^^J^ 
"M^MAIL- he sent in an application to the 
Union Insurance Company for one share. |[j ^ 

Applicative, a. Pj"^. ^ffl. mW- FT^h- Pit^- ^ 


Applied, pp. Applied, as panltice. ji^jg: applied, 
as a doctrine, f^^ j^ : applied, as the moral of a 
story, ^jS: a]iplied. as one's strength. U\-S. 
fj : applied, as one's mind. ^i0<C<- 

Applier. n. One who puts on. as panltice. ^^. jQ- 
P^A : ene who applies a plaster. tT#^^% PJi 
^il^- one who applies a doctrine to the 
circumstances of men. i'fjfA^- 

Apply, v.t. To lay on, f^, fi,i|, fy. ^ : to use for 
a particular ]inr|iose. ^^\ to ajijdy colours, 
ft- Mft-- t" aj.ply panltice. ^ijf^'to apply 
ointmcnl, ^if^^. firiM- t'^ '•''ffi- to him. j^ 
ftii- 5!]ft!l: t" ap|ilv for. ;]^. to apply the mind, 

m>\:^- M>i>- mm- m-iiiv as- si- ^tm ■■ *« 

apply the mind in study. ^. |^^. ^^J : to ap- 
ply one's strength, Uii]. /3Ji^: to apply un- 
dividedly. $ — ; to ajiply tiie ear. f.i] Ef ffi) |f||, 
M^lH^: to apply water (as to plants), \^§l ; 
toajipiv the hand, -f^., 4y]\ f§, fE, 

Apply, v.i. To suit, f^ /§> : to agree, ^pg : to 
make request. ^. ; to solicit. j}$, f^j^, ^^. # 

Applying, /j/))-. Laying on. ^. ff , ^f. ^. f^. jj?. 

Appoggiatura. ?(. A small note in music, indica- 
ting transition or expression. f$-^. '^^'^ a^- 

Appoint, r.^ or (. To fit. ^: to appoint (as the 
emperor) to an office. ^ : to appoint as the people, 
^- i^- ^'- to appoint a teacher to a private 
school, j^-^^fc to estalilish. f^if_. ^if.: to 
appoint ))y agreement, p]"^- ^^ : to appoint a 
time, ^ltl|. 5£ Jlfl : to appoint each to his re- 
spective duties, fun. ^ti- Jil- ^M- M^- 
^S- tl^W- m^9- to appoint officers to the 
several cor|is of ti-oops. JM'^Mr- JKi^Snl : to ap- 
point a deputy. M^- to ordain, f^ft- I^h": 
to order. \Vi'^- [II m?: to appoint a meeting, j^ 

Appointed, pp. or n. VixeA, ^jg. it)§- rSji'l- 
jglitil : appointed liy heaven. ^^tk%- to lie 
aiijiointed. fl^J-J".?^^: ap]iointed by sovereign. 
^linr- fKM- tlio appointed time."^. ^^. 

Apiioinfment. v. Decree. ^, ^^. ff,. ^^. 1^ 
M- It- Mjfc: to make an apjiointment. ^1^ : 
to receive an appointment. ^^■^. ^f^M.' 
^^ : to receive the appointment of chief jus- 
tice, '^f^^f^H;". hy imperial appointment, 
^^ : to pnrchase an appointment,* ^H- ^ 
^5ft^5^■■ appointment of improper persons, "^ 

Apportion, i-.^ To divide and assiirn in just pro- 
portion, Jiiii. i^^. M^- ^^^- ^^- ^ 
%'-^^n:^^- n'^ A J^ ri& : to apportion 
one's time, ^fl^f^X- 

Apportioned, pp. Divided. ■^jH: apportioned in 
equal siiares. -T^^Ji- J^^M- J^aSii- 

Apportioning. ;)2^''- J^^- 

Apportionment. ;(. Distributing in just propor- 
tions, ijj^ifi. 

Appose, i-.f. To ]iut questions, f^ : to examine, ^ 

Aiipnser, 7), An examiner, ^■^^. ^%^- 
Apposite, a. Fit, -g^'pC, 'I'S'^- 'g-w?: well adapted, 
^Jt- 1'^ : v"'-.v applicable, ^-^p^. :^g, 1^, 

Appositeness, 71. Fitness, 'g-g^-, pTS^- 

* Officers are classed under two heads :— those who have 
purchased their rank or title belong to the i^^. the pur- 
chased class ; those who have obtained their appointments 
by public exaniiualion, belong to the ^ij-^JK, or the merit- 
ed class. 


(49 ) 


AiJposltion, n. Addition, JQ-^ ; * two nouns denot- 

ino- Iho same tiiiiiff and put in (ho snme easo, 

Apiiraiso, v.t. To cstiinaio tin' wnrlli of. ff^'f^. ^ 

m- mm- f&t- tm- mm- ff^fii/Em- ' 

Appraisor. n. Ono wIjo vahios. Hii^-^. ^Efl^- 

Apprecialilo. a. Tliat may lie appreciated. 'nj;£f§ 
f^: va ilia hie, pfg, ■pl'';^;. 

Appreviate. v.t. To set a value on. ^g; J; . /^I£. ^ 
S- #1!' WcM- tiif-stiinale. ^fjj^. fji,-f^: lo ap- 
preciate one's motives. ^•Dfi!i,i;'i2;; to appreciate 
kindness, l§,}^.. 

Appreciated, 2^p. Prized. -^ % f^ml- 1"^' appre- 
ciated liis advice. M}kMiil^fikW\- 

A].preciating. j'pr- Seltinii- a value ou. fj^-J;. 

Appreciation, n. A settin,na value on. ?jj(2;fg. f^ 
^ : a just valuation of. ^li-m:'MiL- 

Apprehend. r. t. To seize. ^.>:. J£ ^f. J[Jf:. ^^ 

?i- mu- mf±- iEf±. ^£pj. ^fi. ^tf±. m- 

to .search and apprehend, f^^: to pursue and 
apprehend, ^ij^: to surround and apprehend, 
1^:^: to intercept and apprehend, ^^J^; to 
appreliend thieves. |/yf ^ : f to conceive in the 
mind, to think, ra+j. (^-; to understand. PJ^, 
T^- ll- ti(#- li^llf: to fear. Sfg. S.|||. 
;^1f : to seize him. ^fifg. 
Apprehended. p;j. Seized, i^m.^i^- ^JS- # 

i§. 4/Lig- mm- X urn- i^m- mm- to have 

apprehended, ^M- m^- EmUM- 

Apprehender, n. ^:^#. 

Apprehending-. ^;p,-. Seizing, j^fj. ^f^ ; imagin- 
ing, f^^; fearing, fg. 

Apprehensible, a. Thai may bo conceived. p[ Bg. 

Apprehension, n. The act of seizing. ]^^. ^-^ 
^- ^iM'M ; conception. ;-g,g,. ,@. +Ji : fear, f»t 
m- Mf^- 12 S- j&1t"E- S, tS ; uneasiness of 
mind, 'tjstt : lo lie under great apprehensions, 

+^tfi- ia^^u-gf. tsiSM. ta^f^?.], tfii^is, ts 

PJ^:^-- ■S1S:SS:'1 : according to my apprelien- 
si"n, fl«|ic;g;ji : to Ije of quick apprcheusiou. 

* XrSifii!, fi^lS Peter the Great, JllJ tlie Great ^ Peter 
i apposition. 

t This tei-m is used l.y Government officials when they 
are deputed to apprehend thieves or investigate a criminal 

t $;S. ffi®, 'f'C- should never he used in the present tense. 
Though there are some teachers who assert that $£}g, &c. 
mean, " to seize, " they have hardly any authority to appeal 
to hut the common people. It is very desirable that this dis- 
tinction he made l.y European scholars. 


Apprehensive, a. Quick to understand, f|^. I(| 
BJ- Mti- '11 expectation of evil, 'ff|ig.<i, Iffg, 
^W- f^.W- ■l-'v'IM- mSi- Wff;t& •■ inclined to 
lielieve. fo-f^lt t&ff;- 

Apprehensi\elv. ad r. In an apprehensive manner. 

A]i]a-eliensivenrss. ». Peadiness to understand. ^, 
:• ili%^- il-^t: fearfulness. 

Apprentice, u. One who is bound by covenant lo 
serve a mechanic with a view to learn his art. 

&C-, m.%- w^- mm%-^- ^im% ■■ to loi- 

low a master in a certain profession, ^fi^. ^ 

nu m% nn- 

Apijrentice. v.t. ^|1|. ^giji. 
Apprenticeship, n. Tlie time for which an ap- 
prentice is bound to serve his master, !^I]i]i|iJsi 
^ ; the state in which a person is gaining in- 
struction under a master, ^t^ ^■M:i'k- 
Apprise, v.t. To inform, fU^p. 4^^-p. BiSJiP- 
Apprised, pp. Informed, 0^Di0- i§-i§- pTIj^- 
Apprising, iipv. Informing, fg ^p, jiji;- ^p, ji ^, 

Apprize, v.t. To value, -^fg. 5^fg. 

Apprized, pp- fjffiifl. ^Li^ll- 

Apprizement, a. •[^■fH : tlie rate at which a thing 

is valued. fi%. 
Apprizer, n. A person aj.pointed to rate, fj^"(^^. 

Apprizing, n. The act of valuing under autliorilv. 

Approach, v. i. or t. To come or go near. ^^^. ^j i£. 

3im- Paifi- 4l>iS- liwl rai£- W^i- JSifi- n 

•£; to a],pro.ximate. •(£ f^. iff^. J:^, ;|f ■£ : 
to approacdi (.'dulucius. l^^j^^L"? ! to appmach 
a sage. MS^A : to draw near to (iod. ;^il£ 
_h^: to ajiproach near to the original, il^fj^ 
^^'- do not approach bad people, P^: ^j. ;/^ ^j,, 
A- ^'bA?&; time approaches, J1#H !|f j£. 11.^^ 
HjfijJf:: to aiij.roach (in character and senli- 
ment 1 1 he wicked, j:l ^gl X ; (o a^jproaeh death, 
jlt^^tii Ua^E ; to cause to approach, ^fijj£ ; to 
have access carnally, 'r^-^. 

Approach, n. The act ot drawing near, 'iiO-ilg. ft 
^ ; access, as the approach ol kings, 'j£%^ 
iLit- iSMlft"; the approach of the enemy, j|^ 
ll'lf 3^ ; approaches, f^jfifi^jj^; a path leading 
to a house, |ffi ; a covered approach, f^fS?, 

Approachable, a. pjf^jjf, Pj^ifi: accessible, -^ 

mm- p]m'^-^m- 

Approacher, u. .y^jJc^", S>j4^-. 




Approaching, ppr. or a. Drawing nearer, ^jg; ; 

to be near or approaeiiing. M. 
Approacliles?, a. '^^PiWi'Jt- ^^MI^'jJl- Z4lWLI}L^ 

Approli;ii(\ r.t. To express ajiprobation of, ^^, 


Approbaliou. n. Tlie act of approving. ^H^. ^^ 
ih '+•#• ■,'l?;s:- ^M- ffiS: consent, /{g. ic't^. 
/Cffr- iC^- Mi\L- t" m^t with entire appro- 
bation, S-fsi. tt,l;J!;.^. +^4't;- ii^M- 

to meet witli apjirobation. p^if , ^]|||- 
Approbator, /;. f^f '^-;g-. 
Approjiriable. a. Thnt may lie appropriated, pj'^ 

Sffl- Pm ?!:(■]!• pTS; fie /fl-|.riale. r. «. To sot apart for, i^W^. Mt^- 
[ill!- Jlfjlfc: to ap]!ropriale (o one's self, 'M^ 
SJfl: loset apart f<.r a eerlain object, ;$ffi. 
flfjIJltJT]: I" aiiprupriate uifiiout license, .^ 
M- ilM- bi ajipropriale forcibly, |g: to ap- 
lu-opriale a name. )^f:g. 

A|ipropriiite. r(. :\I(.st snitalile. ^. /^ j^^. jigp^, f;^ 

an apjiropriate c.xjacssion, ^ 

Appropriale.l. ;,;;;. or a. ^'M- i?f i^- l^-^Ji 

l^ii. iJtJiS- 

Approprialely. ar/f. 'JC^^. Sfiti 'l"^- ^• 
Appropriateness, v. Peciilinr litness. f^^t. ■u'^- 
Ap)iropriation. n. Application to a s])ecial purpose, 
HBf'^J^' 'iiW>'^M- appropriation for one's 
own use. jfcgia'ffl- J-21S;e.ffl: H'c appropria- 
tion of funds for the building of ships, t^|gj:S^ 
^Mifti^M- '!"' appropriation of funds for tlx^ 
construction of a fortitii-ation. -ft^fllK H^fe 
^: tlie money appropriated, igg^^lR. iUi 
:tM- -li>?|-iiR- :iif!&^I.R; to decide on the 
appropriation for a special o)>ject, |||g§"JitJTJ- 
Approprial(a', «. One who appropriates, t^pf)^. 
t^W^i ; one who is possessed of an appropria- 
ted benefice, $5!^^, ^55>i|. 
Approvafile. n. That merits ajiproljation, Pj^^f$, 


Approval. ». Bf^'- /M^- t?i- Ut^tWf- 
Approve, v.t. To be pleased with. "g. ^aS- 'a';^- 
"^. t-t. fif ;c:^ IS' -aift- ^i^^i ; to approve 
of goodness, M^} ; to sanction, as the emperor, 
§X<ii-FdMM^W§. ■■ <" sanction, as a manda- 
I'ia, Ji/'K- ^fc'fl- iC^i^- W-fC- ikiC - cl'"" yc» 'ip- 
prove my conduct? fJiPJf fr^ 2rJ^^J£i)lcfTJS^ 
^f^^'^ii'li ; to approve one's self, ^ 'fs- S^# 

Approved, pp. Having the approbation of, ^'i^, 

Approvement, n. Approbation. Ilig- : to confess a 
crime and appeal for pardon. a,?.|p;Jc'M- ^SjS 
;J^^ ; improvement of common lands. [Jfjjjo- 

Approver, n. One who approves. ^"^-^ : one who 
confesses a crime and accuses another, s^-i^fp 

Approving, ppr. or a. Giving approbation, ^jt, 
1^! ?M ' e-Kprcssing ap)irobation, ffnl: • liki'igi 

Ap)M'oximate, d. Xear. jj£. ig. aS'cc Proximate. 

A]i])roximate. r.t. To causa to approach, fiifi-^ 
iS' ?IE- ifif^; to advance near. EiiC- Mi£- 

Approximate, v. i. To come near. J^^. ]ijti£- illE- 

#ii£- not- mS:- Pfti£- SiE- iYci^- 

Approximating, ppy. Aihaucing near, ig^- ,v^iJ£: 
causing to apjiroacli, Jfl|.\£. 

Approximation, n. Approach, ^X- Wl'i&^ PftiE- ib 
^- ili£- il^- if 5*£ : communication of disease. 
f^liii: in aritlunetie and algelira. a continued 
approach or coming nearer and nearer to a root 
or other quantity, without being able, perhaps, 
ever to arrive at it. 'r^^. FT- 

Approximative, «. That approaches, If^Jf. 5^' -t 

Appulse. v. Tlieact of striking against. JiJ'Jm.M^. 

A]ipurtenance, * n. Tliat which ))eiongs to some- 
thing else, rn,'^. pf^/jjij. \t[x. _ 

Appurtenant, n. ileloiiLiinii- to, ]j^. |ij,]. 

Apricot. ». ^tf,>. -^m-W^t ${*■ \-m- S-rTf-t- 

April, n. fljA|i;pLJTi.lHr;W J^ g . I'll |i /^ ^ . 

April-fool. „. ^<f\i\i j^ tj - H ^nn'-s- m- 

Apriori. (nh-. jfi-)^ : reasoning apriori, ^^ii:^ 

Apron. It. 'ifmi': an emiiroidered sill; apron worn 

by officers. Igtsfi '■ ^ ship's ajaon. WM '■ tl'f ''H- 

trance platform of a dock, jSj;i^|lj]nfjl|Jiiril : other 

names for apron are gt^. ^-Pilrfl, iS55l^' t? 

m W^ **' t^- 

Apron-man, n. A mechanic, X A ; in China wait- 
ing maids are called apron-legged maids, ^fi'H/l 

Apron-string, 71. |fi-?/^. ' [W- 

Apropos, adv. PjiJ. f|1*. 

Apt, a. Fitted to some use. ^^ffl. H^-KlE- -g-ffl- ^ 
1:. -^H ; apt remark. Eff]^^- i;i';i#ff_: ''^U'l- 
encv. tt f^; apt to get angry, f,^%.. ^l^. 
Wt;li5:iTll. —l^Jlntt'?^) : ap^ to get mouldy. ^ ^ 
g;-fit orqualitied lor. fg. flj:. f^f;;]. # ; apt to 

teach. #jsy|i;ui!- Ii?li^^- ffi''fi;^^f ; q'liek- tfc 

^> ® it : "Pt to get drunk, Pf j@ : apt to Ibrgive, 

* ®ffl±J1.1WJ^"fi#{® appurtenances. 


(51 ) 


:i".fi^ ; apt to be merry, U^^ ; 'H't to Araeliis, 7;. Groimd-iiiit, :?^^, Iff;, ;fag,j:, ^ 

heauxious, #^-$1|l,t:-#'li- 
Aplera, n.jd. Insects without wings. HE-isSl- 
Apteral, a. J^fjMf/^u'M?- 
Apterous, «. ^S^-ft-I- 

Aptitude, u. li^.n)]. i(gS.. f^i+T aiii:. 1*^- U'^- 

^^.. U^%)- /^^ : inrliuatii'ii. Pf . if-. 
Aptly, TropVi-lv. g:^|i tffS- ^"^ ^- ^%- 

Aiitiiess. n. Fitness. '^. 3^. fj^lfij, Ijg,^.; tendency. 
^. fji; inelination, if. nf. 

Aiilote, «. An indedinalile noun. ^'^tk^L^'^-- 

A<iua, 91. ^JC. 

Aqua fortis. i?. 5ffi5j^. 

Aqua marina. ». f§3i. 

Aqua vit.T, n. ')$,\^. 

A(iuariuni. n. I^?^. 

Aquarius, n. ^M- 

Aquatie, o. Pertaining- to water, ^Jcfi^. ^K^K- Si 
7jtC ; applied to auiu:als which live in water. ^ 
1klWl ^1\hW^.■ 1*^-: iiquatie grasses 
(ri'sh). ^•. aquatic jilants. 7^^; aquatic fruit, 
7j\C^; aquatic ani nulls. 7]^:^. :^i;; aquatic birds, 

A(iuatie, n. 7KIS- l*.?^- 

Aqueduct. ». r^^. rff^^ Ml%\t- ;i*,tfJ- 'jl* 
^|:: a covered aqueduct. Pgj^. liJfe. f^^ : an ; 
uncovered or open aqueduct, ^J\%. p^jf . Ip^'^ \ 
a conduit for letting oiif the water Iroiii a ])ond. 1 
ditch, &c.. ^ : aqueducts made of liamboo.f|7jiC ! 
f^. V^i'^J ; a large open ditch. ■k,T\<.lX: a gutter. 

Aqueous, n. A\'atery. W:iV]^±.\'i. M7PU^ i<.'- '"li't'- 

ous humour in the eve, ilRjg-;^?^- 
Aquiform. a. i^^L^- 
Acjuila, 7(. The eagle, /1ii|i!^. 
Aqnilaria sinense. n. ^^■ 
Aquiline, a. nm^-mWU^ hooked, M^m±. 

^- inl'^tl'llip : 'iii aquiline nose, f/ff |^. Mj 
Aquilon. n. :il:)i,l- L^- 

A. K. See Anno Eegni. 
Arab, «. UliiiHfiaA- 
Arabesque, * a. In the manner of the Arabians(or 

JMahomedans). [JliUHfa A±:^7ft- ^7ft- 
Arabia. 7i. il{ip|']fup!. 

Arabian, 7(.or((. jSllflJfH A ". Arabian Nigiits. =f -^ 
Arabic, a. m^ iB fi^J ■ CW] iti IS ft^ L ;?: « ^ ■ 
Arable, a. Fit ior ploughing or tillage, ^^M:^ 

i^, ^% ; land under cultivation, fj. IW J|; .n ;;!;iii lil Inl lul ■& I'J Si^iS, (fl!ii;t&iSM® Ia-;^^^).^^. 

Arachuida. 7i.j;/. A term applied to sjiiders. scor- 
pions, &c., itllif. fi^lili^il^^. 
Araignee, Arrain, n. The liranch of a mine, f^])^ 

Arbiter. ,^Umpir.^^5V^-■^l ii±A-^ii;5:A. 

iil?^- i(a£,^A. fj|&« : ruler, j'f^^. 
Arbitrable, a. gifKj. 
Arbitrage, li. /b'cc. Arbitrati<iu. 
Arbitrament, n. Uecision, ^^^;.<^U]i$i- 
Arliitrarily. a<Jr. By will only. ^|". ^il fl jfii fr • tt 

ttTfu'fl- ^^t^lfilfr: capriciously, T'ji-Wf7- ti 

7Siliif7- liiai'I^M; despotically. ^mM- ^7Ji 

Arliitrariness. 7i. Tyranny, J^,^- 

Arbitrary, a. Depending on will or discretion. |) 
t (ii fi;&6^ : aljsolute in power. m^^Mm 
i'>ii#. : unlimited. ^M ■ tyrannical, ^l^fi^- 
I'ffM^- iinpfi-ious. Wim^Y-r- capricious. «;■]!. 
mii- ^^fi.- M ft E. 1- H 5S*Sai : arbitrary 
rule, init ; arbitrary exnciiens. MH^iAi'i'^-M 

]p^mm- M!^MJk- mil- 

Arbitrate, c. /. To hear and deciile as arl.iitrators. 

}m- mv- tkm-n^--^± ^- m. wi ^ : to 

decide between contending parties, gflfii,!^'^. 

Arbitration. ». Wi^-9W^'-&^- 

Arbitrator, n. <kWi-^^- ^f^i^'^- W^^- MM 
^'•5V^ ■ "overnor. ^f,^ : one who has unlimit- 
ed i.ower.''j^itii^-, ^iHiK^ii^-- ^m- m\s 
^•. fell- r-^-- 

Arbitress, n. A female arbiter, T^®il(^-.:^ffifil 
Arlior. Arbour, 71. A bower, g^^i. I'JX^' I^M ; 
a (long) wayside, JtiS ' *'"' pi'iiit'ipal spindle 
or axis, which communicates mot ion to the other 
parts of a machine. # ; a tree as distinguished 
from a shruli, #■} ; arbor Diancc, * IBtal; "i'1»r 
Saturni, f -S&l-jj ; arbor vita?, j^^Q (cupressus 
thyoides?), il^. 
Arborescence, 71. The figure of a free, J^',{jc^[i|t}, 

Arljorescent. a. Eesemliling a tree, '^SXWi^- i'll 
Arlwret. «. Dwai-f trees, as reared in Chinese gar- 
dens, ^mM- l-MDfl: a small tree. ^taJ-^l'S}- 
Arboriculture, n. The art of cultivating trees, ^ 

Arborist, n. ''M%,\i\\i.'^- 

Arlioi-ization. *(. The ajipearance of a plant in 

••' m.7^W,fm'&MW^&M%% arl,or Diana'. 


(52 ) 


minerals, :iS^^Tf<,\M^- 
Arbuscular, a. Eesemljling- a sliruli, ^{|^)J^1•^■ 
Arbute, arbutus, n. ^Pjlfe, fif}^#- 
Are, n. A sogmcat of a circle. 5E-^-^J^- ^J15- 
Area nod ulosa, n. %]3.-f- M^^- 
Arcade, n. A walk arched iiliove, j^^; a long' 

arclied buildinii'. lined on the side with slio]is. 

Arcadia. «. tiAm'M^- mmM- 

Areaunm, n. ; pi. Arcana. A seei'et, |t{^. 

Arch, n. A segment of a circle. iJE- tj^ ; segment 
of a bridge, iff Jfjl. f^,^ : segment of heaven. % 
^ ; a triumphal arch. ),'D;fi. j\<llijj. ^|gj. fi$im- 
arch of the eveljrows. JW^- WH '■ ;ti'elied like 
1 he new moon. ^mM ^ mm- %U Jjf J^ ^ -^ 

%^n-'^%n-^^^n^mv\n-^ ^^> make an 

arch, j|!l|ifc. See Arc. 

Arch, a. The first syllable of many words and 
signifying the first or chief of the class to which 
it is joined, 51, "t- JM- #7^- "tt!; : cunning, 
Wm^ 1^^ ■■ waggish. =1 n^. v^'lg. f^M- 

Arch, v.i. To make au arch. jtB^jt. 

Arched, pp. or a. Arched door, ^jtp^. 

Archaeologist, n. One versed in anti(|uity, f^'^^. 

Arehfcology, «, Learning pertaining to antiquity, 
■j^^; a discourse on antiquity, %^~U- 

Archangel, n. An angel of the highest order, -^ 

Archbishop, n. k chief bishop, "t^^l^l- Unlifjc 
Archbishopric. ;;. if6i,p|[^J(;f;iIi±,fpS- \M- 

Archchancellor, n. A chief chancellor, ;;^i^j;. 
Archdeacon, n. In England, au ecclesiastical 
dignitary next in rank below a bishop, * ^|J^ 


Archdeaconry, n. Tlie oftice of an archdeacon, glj 
^4ifi|illiS'- tlie residence of an archdeacon, 

Archduchess, n. A title given to the females of 
the house of Austria, ?^Ji!!f!JliM^±ilS- 

Archduke, n. A title given to the princes of the 
house of Austria, ^||Jl!i^!|lL7±.^#. iVW^S# 

Archdukedom, n. 5VS- 

Arched, pp, or a. Jhide with an arch, ^'-lll; uuule 

with a curve, m^%. m^mm- '^'A^ Mm\ 

arched door, ^Vf\ 
Archer, n. A bowjnau. ^V^'^^K- ^|^^, ^4- 

^A-ri^-^ijl^.ftii'^^ii: mounted archers, 

.^B? ; loot archers, jj^Jj^ ; an archer's tluimb- 

* jlt«:fi^±fS®2iiK:Sltte$#- 

ring, =fg^&.||ti7,ytt^, ^^^.If. 

Archeress. h. A female archer, ^g^.^. 

Archery. ??. The art of shooting with a Ijow and 
arrow, ^Ylii-^\M^ Phm'- <" practise archery 
on horseback, ^^j: to practise archery on foot, 
^J;-#j-: the practice of archery. JQ}fl^i:|?, ||^ 
±1?. ^fiti:¥-; good archery. iT1^3|l- 

Archetype, n. The oria'inal model. |^7^f^^. Jf^.TfC 

Archfelon. «. Pit- ylt- X^S- 

Archliend. «. {'n^,. j^r-g-. 

Archtiatterer. «. irf'iJiilJf*^-- 

Archfoe. n. 1^^,. WiW^WiK- 

Arehheretic. a. A chief heretic. ^\^ii^. ^ji 

Archhviiocrite, n. A s'reat or chief hypocrite. •(^ 

Archidiaconal, «. mrm^%'h'f.^ r<,\^'\'kW^- 

Archimagus. * n. ^pj-§. 

Archimandrite, f ». The chief of a monastery, fi^ 

Archipelago. ,;. %\%. 

Architect, n. A builder. XIE- :/ctE. -^ii^". jlB 

i'.ij:; (at Hongkong they are called 'i^ii<.%\\% '■ 

literally, master masons), XE^l|if'|. lEcH; 

a liead workman, ^cX- -kM^H- -k.^M'- a 

contriver, i^-fi'J'^-- iuie^'- 
Architectonic. '(. JVrlaining to architecture, gg^ 

SilV- jli^Ml'l'j • '''at lias power or skill to 

build, ;^;gMJ:t-XE''^-- 
Architecture, u. The art of liuilding, XE^- ^ 

Archives, ji.p/. Kecords. %^. ^glQ ; the place 
where the records are kept. Jg||2,^!2 : archives 
of the state, ^i^^i. 

Archivist, n. The keeper of records, ^t^i^:. ^^. 

Archlike. a. Built like an arch, infitjlii^. 

Archprimate, n. The chief primate. ^^,pK^iP'l]i;:5l 

Archlyrant, n. A princijial or great tyrant, %\ 
Archvillain, n. A great villain, #|3H. [^. 

Archway, n. HIT^J^. -titltifi. 
Arctic pole. n. '}^^\ the arctic circles, iff^lt^ig. 
Arcualiou, n. The act of bonding, \]x'^. /aJ^; 

crookedness, Ki' ^lUi- 
Arcubalist, n. A crossbow, ?>. ^^. 
Arcubalister, h. ^Q-J-**-^-, if*b^^-. 
Ardassines, n. A very line quality of Persian silk, 




liini (lier] 

m m 

Ardonfy. n. Wanutli of nffoction. |^. ^!\)\!^. ^ij\j- 

Ardonl. a. Foivont. fi\- %.■ ^h'^- fki^- %■ ^)M- 
Itlff. ?liff- m.iJl- mf~l- nB- t?^ij; anient 
piVort. ^';j. M^- aiR : ■"■'l<'iit nmrage. H^, 
JJ^ : anient mind. ^j\^. ^IJj^: ardent love or 
alfection. ^-(Lj.^,^- iji^- IB- anient si}irits, 

Anlentlv, «'?(■. Fervent 1 v. p: (o 

ardently, ft^fg. HiEiffE. ItifS.tfi- #fi 
T'j^- -?^'^: anient ly desire. :^*n. :^gi. 

Anlisia en'nulata. n. ^^. 

Anlisia lentiginosa, n. 'Xnt^- 

Ardisia lillorali.s. 7*. 3^^-:g- 

Ardour, n. Warmth. ^: zeal, f^^jj., ^; ' 
bravery (longing to tight), Mwi- M 
±^; gi'Pat ardour. ^^i\;,^. pfiji:>. f,. 

Arduous, a. Hioh. l„ftv. |I(^ilft': difficult. |'f. ^|V?. 
^^. ^-^- Mv^V- iilj^- i£fi: very arduous. 

m-sWcS- mm^ti- arduous duties, mi^^ 

X*. i£;5't±|r. itl^^jfl, H:^. mil- M. 
Aniuousiy. (((/e. ^j^. "i^-ji;;;>. 

Arduousness. «. Diffieulty. ^■'^. 

Are. The plural of the substantive verb to lie. ^. 
W- «■ F;- f:- m- ^- «e are here, * m^^ 
Jtfc- -«llfliill^)t •• ^V'■ are also eome. mVm'^- ^ 
pMi^^^j •■ tl" >^'' tliiii.ii'^ 'I'"'' excellent, Ij/S ft W' + 
^ i/-. ili" ill H li ^ ; what are you ? f;i; f/ji b 
X^: who are you V f;l;fib5fA. (.J^^glSiJ 
A. ft;j^-U&il£- f^^li^A: are_ there any? 
W^'l't, ■• are you able V fil; t!t Pg^ I'i}- : you area 
cderk, ifT'-ii^M^ ; you are a good uian. f.t^f^; 
^•A; there are two Viooks on the table. ;ff [^ 

Area. ». Any plain or surfac-e, J^J^. If' ig. |-'f J^, 
ffiH- Mffi: its supertleial an'a is ItiU square 
miles. mmm-'Si}^- 'li*? ='i-«i i^- Tffil^ 
ifi<; : a level space, ^s jj; J/ Jtlj. ^f.^fe. .-p J^jj : the 
area about a building. Mi%\ the area of land, 

Areal, «. Pertaining fo an area. ffij. ]^}<,- 
Areca. ». Palm and nut. feVlIii;. Tfttflb'tfl- ttlii 

^i^f ; prepared betel-nut. i^j^; the dry areea, 

tt^fi'- •li'^ ^''1*^^ areca. r-^-J-- 
Aren palm, h. The coir palm, ^^'f^-. ^\tl 
Arelaction. ». The act of drying. Mtfl : the state 

of growing dry. jlli^.^t- 

* For further information on the plural, &c. see the au- 
thor's Grammar of the Chinese Language, P. I & II. 

Arefy, v. t. To dry, (l^. 

Arena, n. An open space of ground, i^. i%ll^; 
literary arena, fji^. ^i%. U,i%- %i^ ■ <l'c 
military arena. E(;tJ: the arena Ibr military 
exercisi^s, gcig- M^^W% ■ t'l^' •"''"'I'l "'' war, 
m^U- WU- rPiU ■■ tl"' an'na of contest. ^J|. 

Arenaceous, a. Sandy, yp. ^j Vp. i'i/^U'- sandy 
(sand mi.xed witli tiower and getting between, 
the tooth), ?i;iiiiig|-. 

Arenation, * n. A sand bath. vp]^. 

Arenulous. a. ^Jflij;. 

Areometer, n. WA^^]'- 

Areometry, n. The art of measuring the specific 
gravity of fluids. ^7]C$l;J^ji: the measuring 
of the specific gravity of fluids. ^7Ki.|I£- 

Areo]mgus. n. A sovereign tril.iunal at Athens, 

Areotic, n. A uiedieine which attenuates the hu- 
mours, ?|^||, ?|.ife^. 

Aretology, n. izH^^tk- 

Argemono mexicana, n. -I^l^^.-^- 

Argent, «. or n. Silvery. ^nS'Pli'2i: ''"-' white 
colour in coats of arms. ,toi^ p[] 4* il & • 

Argental, a. Pertaining to silver. (If.JM.Ii- IR%' 
B.(]^; consisting of silver, gj, fJ^P^. 

Ai'gentiferous. «. Containing silver. ^||. 

Argentine, rt. Like silver. inlRPtJ-E' fWIR ■ sound- 
ing like silver. 4t-!ES'I.R- 

Argentine Republic, n. The stalesof IJuenos Ayres, 
in South America. ]H 'S-M^VlW ^ % i'> ■ 

Argil, n. Potter-s clay. f^±. mZ- 3il%-^; ad- 
hesive clay. ^^j/£. 

Argillareous, a. Partaking of the nature of clay, 
mm'-i- ifim- f^Vi- iJim-^ consisting of argil, 
or argillaceous clav. J§. 

Argillite, n. -Mm^- 

Argue, r. i. or t. To reason or dispute, f^f gj. ^i^lti, 

]MM- \M^^)l- (i'Si; <o i^'"g>ie augi'ily, ^M- 1J 
kt- ll'^x.'- to argue by interrogation. Mm- Sx 
U- ^*i5J •• to argue clearly, ^^ UJl ,1^1] aj] !^, 
k H' M^)]- O/Jlot ; to argue consecutively, ^f^ ; 
to prove, iiMW, Ztm^ Btk, W Sra ? let us 
argue together, .SxjS-'sTI.' 

Argued. 2Jp. Debated, j?,f,.|liS. Mim- ^l>^^^, 
^IfeiS- ;liii§!i : proved. j:f:i§;Sl)^- 

Arguer. „. A disputer, ^ij-ff.t^-, W^i^- ^55^". 

Arguing, p^jr. Discussing, ^f |^, ^fifjj, fgffe ; dis- 



piiting, UK. mh 
ArauiiK'nt. «. A reasdii oflcrcd in proof. jg^f„ ^ 
i$. Hit-- lioads ofa si.l,joft. Ttip. SUh. Slf, 
;^||,'f: coulrovi'i-sv. |;i^f&. j^Ij'lE ; ready at argu- 
ment, ^u- Ml mumm- ^m^ »f • i. p 

I&, — 1£ Vlll '^ : reason. )t Jl : subtle at argu- 
ment, ij'i^'- unalile to comiuer in argument, 

Arguraental. a. Consisting in argument. ^]|SM' 

belonging to argument. ^'MM- 
Argumentation, n. L'easoniug, ifMWi^^ M 

mm- ^\M: iMt$- 

Argumentative, a. Consisting of argument, ^'M 
^ ; showing reasons for, ifM'-'i^ '■> addicted to 

argument, jumi ifi'mm- mvm^- 

Argunienlatively. adv. Jn an argumentative man- 
ner, 51 J^^ 
Argus jiheasant. n. *^|^- : feathers of argns, ^^ 

Argute, a. Sharp. f^#J. ^g.PjJ, gi(. \k^. 
Arid, a. Drv, $^; parciied, f^, $tt!«- l!il^ 
Aridas. n. A kind of taifcty, ^c^ilvUfx^- 
Aridity, n. Ih'yness. ^H^. fiit±.M- 
Aries, n. The ram, a constellation of lixed stars, 

Arietatiou, n. The act oi Imtting. as with a fiai- 
lering ram, ^i;^, ^Si^jfi ; ariefalion, as with a 
ram, ^tg|i; assault. X^^J. 

Arietta, n. A short song, jj^, gt-I3;fc- 

Aright, adv. Eighlly. 7JiE- lElLL- fjEiS- llliiL : 
without mislaisc. ^,f^ : lo set aright, Sgi(J-. f;^ 
iJ; set him aright, jlf iEig, icIEiE; to judge 
aright, dt-rj:!. 

Ariman. n. The evil genius or demon of the Per- 
sians. ^^J^^ <-j3iS)filt7^i^±fS). 

Arise, v.i. To get u[k M. t!l- /tjiih )l]i?ji- Mii. :iE 
il, j't!l±' JffijK^JS: '0 arise Irom death, fg^. 

flit- S5j^. m'& iUi^- ilj^EffiJg- 5Fif;;fgi'5; 

it arises irom 1 his. [ij ]}[: n'lj pji , Hl-^pjl!:. lUT/iiit- 
to stand up, ji::)lii. jV. lit 2ji ; lo commence a 
journey, jlfifi, jULfx. |)j^' ; lo begin to act, jiili 
#• Hi)^- jUiyA- 'ii^' cl''}' arises, B [IJ ; to arise 
against one, }\tpX'- *o assault, :^; to invade, 
It; to rebel, f^^. 

Arising, ppc. Ascending, jg. J;. -/[-Ji. 

Aristocracy, «. The nobility, g^fi. b|M. "Ui"^- 
/S'M^fi^' • '^ l"i'ii' of governuicnl. in which the 
supremo power is voted in a }u-ivileged order, 

^fi^^ft- m fi ie ® fi f^- 1- It ^ M m 

Aristocrat, n. Uue who favours an aristocracv. M 

( 54 ) AEM 

Pfii^#-^': "lie who belongs to the aris- 

tocracy, ima.^- 

Aristocratic, Ai-islocratical. a. 

Pertaining to ar- 

i«<ocracy, M J^i^ SI fi, fi €t 6^, W® "^ , ^ & 


Aristocraty, n. See Aristocracy. 

Arisloloehia, n. Name of an herb which jiromotes 
parturition, ^j^^f . 

Arithmetic, n. The art of comjiutation. ^.ji; ; the 
science of arithmetic, ^^■JlBXil-k&d-il 
jlii: the four rulesof arithmetic are called )/p 
'M^W>- — addition, subtraction, multiplication 
iind division:* to learn arithmetic, -^^f^.^ 

1?-^- ^mm- mm- m\- 

Arithmetic, Arithmetical, a. Pertaining to ar- 
ithmetic. Wti1iliM'<li- according to the rules of 
arithmetic, i^^^. mWi^- 

Arithmetically, adr. According to the rules of 
arithmetic, i^^.fi-. 

Arithmetician. ;;. (Jne skilled in arithmetic. ^^, 

Ark, H. A snniU. close vessel, chest or coffer, ^, 
H ; the great ark, ]i^y, j:ii. f :^/!]- ; the ark 
of covenant. ^-J-Jiu^pjM.'- the constellation of 


Arm, n. 'The limb of the human body which ex- 
tends from the shoulder to the_haud, ^^. ^ll&, 
'^U-^tM-'ii'?!^'- tlic fore-arm. If; humerus 
or arm lione. JiH"^; ulna or fore-arm Ixme, 
jlllJ.J '3* ; radius or turning hand bone, MW"!* ! 
the upper part of the arm, j)^. ^' ; to bend the 
arm. [l|]jj* : to pillow one's head on one's arm. 
flilijrifll^t ■• to lend an arm or hand. i|/;-#i: 
-)j ; the right arm, ^j^.^ : the lelt arm, ^^ : 
an arm of a sea, f^ j,|, J§±,i'i!|; the arm 
(firanch) ofa tree, \y\^: tlie arm ol power, |^ 
ijfj ; to carry in the arms, Y^- ^^^5 ; to take 
up in the arms, i^,\t, ^|;,j^ ; arms and iegs, pq 
Iki liy m '■> '0 throw one's arms around one, or 
to embrace, i^'Mi^^ ; to carry in tire arm, %. 

Arm, v.t. To lurnisu with weapons ol oueiise or 
deiense, ii^'^it/;; to prepare lor, ^Jf.;^^. ||||^':i;, 
mU\%- li\W]^i- ^i^mi- ^i^W-.:,r ; 10 pro- 
vide against, |i$ff|^ ^^Jj. tH|>5- U^^ iil»$; to 
arm the people, i^'^^^.i^A. 

Armada, n. A tieet of armed ships, —i?:^^, ^ 

* Subtraction is frequently called ^, and multiplication, 


t This term, " the great raft,'' is by some supposed to 
refer to the arlv of Noah. 




mmm- *m- 

Annndillo, 51. flL^:?'- 

Anuanient, n. A Ijody of forces equipped for war, 
¥i- l^i- i$ '• *1"^^ anuameut of a ship. J|g 

ArinaduT, ?i. Armour. Ep ; ariualiire of magnet, 

Arm-cliair. ». ^^4^, [i|t, |gi|f|. ^i||. 

Armed, pj). or a. Fiirnislnd willi wi'apniis of of- 
fense and defense. ^-^jf-ffiJ- A.^i^l- mft). 
Slf^llef'A'- ^?^:E^^ff : an armed man, tpi. 'fJi 
•;^ ; armed, as trees and slirul>s, ^'f^. 

Armenian. «. IV-rtainini;- to Armenia. jUi^H/t 

Armenian, n. A native of Armenia, or the lan- 
guage of Armenia, iSlp^fSBA^iiliifllJEl 


Armful, a. As much as the arm can hold. —'^. 

Ann-hole. n. Axilla or ai'mpit, tUJUnf /iS- MiT- fit 
JJ^ : a hole for the arm in a garment. |[lj'ff^. 


Armiger, ik A title of dignity ne.\t in degree to 

knight, ^^. 
Armigerons, a. Bearing arms. ^j^^. 
Armillary, a. Eesemhling a hraeolet. '^[tX^^- 

iDllil±?l^ : <lie armillary sphere, * EgfJ, ?jj£ 

%^- Mti- ^flt •■ a tiihe in armillary. 5.f|j. 
Arming, ^^^jr. Etiuipping with arms. ^f|j5§5; 

to prepare for defense orattaek, jlgj^. Mi^;. JBl 

Armings, «./;?. In China old nets are used for 

that purpose, which are ealled jiS||jf. 
Armistice, n. A cessation of hostilities for a short 

time. mi:.f% ®f?3Cl|- T-Jc@,g.- lll?f± 

Armless, n. Without arms. J|f- ^ : destitute of 
weapons, ^TM' ^^%'^- miW^- 

Armlet, n. A small arm. |BI^.— W;^ft->h^W' • 
a bracelet, ^M- WfJH- ^M- m%- 

Armour, n. Armour lor llie jirotection of the hodv, 

^fp- ¥'fJ, WW. i^fp. ^^. $3Fp. ^5^3^. tp 

If- ^1 J'g ; armour nuide of'ieafher, J^?^ ; arm- 
our for the head, M.. -fSt. Sl^, 'JilfS : arm- 
our for the neck, ^Mfii ; armour for W^o anus. 
#ltt ; armour for Uu'ljaek, %g'i. t',)!'!!. 
Armour-bearer, n. ^Ip:??^^ ?:^'^^-^^- 
Armourer, n. A maker of arms, ^SsE • a maker 
of armour, dj A- 


* See ik^iS. vol. 19 and Medhurst's Translation of the 

Armoury. ». An arsenal. %''SiM. ^Sp:^±.M- % 
^^. &.^^i. 5^;^ ; a place where armour is de- 
posited,. fpr^T. 

Armpit, n. The hollow place under the shoulder, 

mm&- ij/Ms- imm- m?.%^ m^. mt ; 

the )ilace under the arm. ^, MT- 
Arms. u.]>L "Weapons of war. 1^^, -5^|)|. i£^, 
^Wl- %W~- 'f-:i,'k-^-^o take up arms, fj^- 

arms. |lt flE'i'lCf:/; : I'essation ofaruis. ^^^'-^.f^ 
^■'(im- ^li^^"^- lU ;'^{:JC. ft^M : a coat of 
arms. %l±:^^ii.1,^±f/^mWu : *" I'eai' arms, fii 
:f^: 'm:i^: to lay down one's arms. IJli^. ; in- 
spector of arms. %Wei^. 
Arms-lena1li. /;. To keep one at arms-length, 5^ 

Army. n. A collection of men armed for war. '^* 

HiTi- i ^%ri ^mnwil^^^- a^'"iy of 

troops drawn up in battle array, llif.. I7f5.. |i^ 
fE- J^'^- 's'fS.- Si ; the encampment of an 
army. '^'^ ; to raise an army, ^^ ; an army 
of volunteers. ^J£; to enter the army, 13;^, 
^yt'M- Av^i-- 1^?5<, ; general orders in an army, 
|g Yfj : general directors of the army and state, 
•Is ^USiHi: the army departuu^nt, ^^)\ 
master cdutroller of the army. frStSit" army 
orders, ^j^^ . 

Aroma, n. ^. §g,. M^'^y-^- 

Aromatie. Arouiatieal. a. Fragrant. #.^§,^ 
^- m^- It ^i Wtt^- Wi># : exceeding- 
ly arouiatic. ^§3-^|^-: aronuitic llavour, ^IJ-;^, 
WJji- iT-iiiUii : arouiatie lieads. §F^: ammatie 
vegetaliles, '^l^; aromatic peppers. ^fll^Jt^. 

Aromatic, n. A plant, drug or medicine, charac- 
terized by a fragrant smell, l^ijig. §fj[.. 

Arose. The jiast or pireterite tense of the verb to 
arhe, j]]^=^. 

Around, adv. Hound about. JSKi]. PH^. [S'S ^ at 
random. ti\Ti\j^ ; around his lirows. [S]f±IiS 


Arouse, r.t. To awaken. R-"[-Slil5(f{i!,l gg^. n^M^ 
^711 ; to arouse the mind. ^.i,^. i^gg. !l.liM- i^ 
11, ^li^ ; to arouse 1 he age. Krilt'5*itt W'^f : 
to arouse one's anger, f J \ f^^. ^fSjj^- Mi&ik • 
to arouse one's fee:iugs. ifJAif : to arouse to 
action. [|{^fs. }|i ■5,;iff : to arouse one's self to 
action, ^* if.^i^tll ; to arouse one's self or others, 

* An army of 12,.500 men. f A division of 2,500. The 
former is now used for an indefinite number of men. 

t This e.xpres.=iou is taken from the Classics and is used 
for a large army. 


( 56) 


m% mm-tm-tm- mwi- ^3}.b- mwiMm- 

to nrouse one's leur. I'llUflil ; to arou&e to sflf- 
consideralion. S'i§. ^^i''f§- ; to arouse to self- 
renovalion, f^§fX^. 

Aroiispd. p^x Excited to action. ||^i0. ||i|ii§. 
ilifjil : awalioued, PJ|-ilii. ^M'li^. ■ awakened, 
alive to one's real condition, j^'fg- : not to liave 
become arousd. 'f^/f^i^^jC- 

Arousing, j)pr. Awakening from sleep, p.-f^, :JJ 
^; arousing one's feelings. {15: : enlightening 
one, ^^ : amusing one's I'car. !l|.tfS|- 

Arquebuse, n. 5^M- ^'l^li^^- IaIM- 

Arquifoiix. v. Kl A±.lurt-- 

Arrack, n. Pffiii/jj®. iHif JH. IHliJ-i®. ^M- BV^ 


Arraign, r. t To charge with a crime. 45-p. 4?r 

iK-i-IIP-PMlP-^®-^-'- <" ^''t =1 i"i«"»''i- --It 

the bar of a cant. ^JG^'l*- WMMm- MM 
Arraigni>d.^;p. Called belore a tribunal to answer, 


Arraignment, «. The act of arraigning. JiJlJiJ^^': 

accusation, ■^p:^-. 
Arrange, v.t. To put in order. |*iJ. ftil- JiiiT' 

wm- mUi, mm- mn, ^^im- Mi- ikm- m 

M- mm- mm^ ;£«r, m ; to arrange the ofi'er- 
ings- 1x6^ ; *o an-ange the table, §pfi, ^^li. 
^^1^ ; to arrange hastil}', ^ ; to arrange one's 
dress. jgiJ-SBR: <« arrange into pages. ^|i)^ 
1:^; to arrange a difficulty, m'mM-i^m - 
to arrange nicely, t##tflt& • to arrange in a 
series, ijSJij : to arrange materials in order. |^ '■> 
to arrange marks or letters in order, |i JiJ^ 
^; to arrange or settle a)>out earnest money, 
f]' ; to arrange an affair in order. |||?}vyf ij : to 
arrange (initiate) that affair, ^^5|1;J1,4|- •- to ar- 
range and speak of jioinls in order. i\^.^^$\ff- 
Arranged, 2ip- Put in order. fff;fii;. ^tMi/-. # 

m^- ijiijii. %r~i^. '^iihi^- um§.- mn 
is, tiim- ^iu^- f/^yj'^. ^i-}^m- ^m- f^ 

^^- fills fi,k-m'ki^-f]'kJi-(\^-^^m-^i 

/f- T;f&- S^'A', m'k- fJM--^y^'\\ arranged, fig 
•^ ; evenly arranged, f4-^T¥^J4-T ; everything 
arranged 'in its order, /^^A'^^-'i- Wfi-^^S?^ ^r- 
3JfWlii-'icB#^r^-'/c;?.J>B;]: arranged (in a 
serrated manner). [Jlllj??!. ?S-"J^S^f^ : arranged 
(equalized) their strength. it'W-^i]- it^^/l^] 
Jg; the three are equally arranged. #^^0^: 

that affair is settled, ^^y . 

Arrangement, n. The act of putting in order. ^ 
M^- MM- fjlli^ ■- tlie state of being put in 
order, f^f]. -kJi^- 'X^- BM ■ the arrange- 
ment (disposition) of an army. ^)^ ; settlement. 
W-}tT- MaJ • classification of facts relating to a 
subject, MH^Jlt-liJiiJ^-. 

Arranger, n. (hie who arrans'es or puts in order. 

Arrant, n. lufanioiis. Spflif : wicked. ]§: an ar- 
rant knave. ']t\lt-^^%: an arrant hvpocrite. fifl^ 
^£ffi- fge-T : an arrant liar, mmWim.- 6 

Arrantly. adv. Impudently, grp jg, f|J^. 
Array, n. Order, ^X^ ; disposition of an army 

(liattle array), %\>^\^%^ : to set in array. ^[;^ij; 

to put in battle array. ]^^\4. Jijpj}! : dress, }^fijj, 

rfTiS-; toimpannel, U.'t'l^'Bt- 
Array, v.l. To draw up. as troops for battle, ^gji 

liiit, nm ■■ to dress. )}^^. tT^- ^&jj- %:%i ■- to 

deck, ^t'ljj. 
Arrayed, pp. Drawn up in ordei' for attack or 

defense. ^J^f.j^lStt: dressed or decked, j^fijii^. fi 

#i§: arrayed in gloom, ?i^||||. 
Ari'ayer, u. One who arrays, %^\\ ^ : one who has 

to put the soldiers of a county in a condition for 

military service. '^WM-^- 
Arraying, ppr. Setting in order, ^^Ij: putting 

on splendid raiuient. '^^^V. impanneling, jjg]!§ 

Arrear. n. The unpaid amount after it was due, 

to be in arrears. :f(5)c. iJi^. ijiJl. 
Arrearage, «. ^^X#. 

Arrect, a. Attentive. Sj^Jfl. -ffl^,: erect, ]gife. 
Arrentation. „. W,^m±J^l- Mlfc^il^, ^M 

Arreptitious. a. Snatched awav. ^.•^: crept in 

privily, -/fiv^fifi. mAd'i-mm^'^i^- 

Arrest, r.t. To ajiprehend. JJ, ^^^. ifi. jg^. ^U- 
Ut-- urn- to stop. ±. ±ii, i^ii. ±,%: to 
obstrucl. '/.Ilf-f-i:. ^|l-.}|jg. |ilj-/.;}f-: to iuiiirison. f g : 
loarnsl universal attention. Jlj A )ij> P • fij fjli 
%M- fitl^^Wl- '0 arrest attimlion. ^?p. 

Arrest, /(. The ai)prehending of a person l)y vir- 
tue of a warrant from authority, 'jJE^. ^fi£; 
to send under arrest, ^ip iH : to escape )iom 
arrest, j^\^; a delav. ^H-Hj!]: imprisonnuuit, f 
3i. Sl£;'aslop, ^"±. 

Arrested, pp. Apprehended, tSi^, $:M : stojiiied, 
il:i§- ^ftiS: it arrested my attention. ^|K 

A Eli 



Arresting, ppv. Seizino-, if|£; staying, jhfii ^ 

Arret, n. The decision of a court, ^^"ij: a decree 
publislied, ^ff; : llie edict of a sovereign prince, 

Arriere, n. The last fiodv of an army, Ji;|»jlt. ^ISji, 
It¥- WJ^W; arriere-ban, * TfgafiilJ- 

Arriere-guard, n. y^pjji, Jj^'^. 

Arrival, n. The reaching a place. ^. fij. ^^, JiJ 
^-; tlie attainment of any object by elfort. fi|-. 
;^: the arrival of the mail at Hongkong, 'XM 
i.0ij@f#: the arrival at the summit of one's 
desires, ^/f.i\\]^., ^iW^'M- fhe arrival of the 
gufests, ^3?: I lie news by (he last arrival, 1{^ 

Arrive, r. /. To reach. ^. JiJ, ^JiJ, J$;. ^jj^, ^, ^. 

|g. I&, ':X', J£l. -dli. il. If. M- ffr- S- ng, Jl), 

J^ jl: : to arrive at Hongkong. fij§?^ : to arrive 
at the provincial city, ^f^^ij^: the kite reaches 
heaven. ;^5i^J^5i;: why docs lie arrive here? 
^j-^^\fi ; caltle and sheep arrive (are coming 
or arriving liere), ^if^Tf^'; it inerces(cufs) to 
(or until it arrives at) the bones, ^M'-k'W'^ 't 
(the virtue of the em]ieror Yau) reaches heaven 
and earth, ^^If : Han reaches Ts'in. ^ji| 
^^; there is no place which the command 
does not reach, ::kk^.T^M'^ having a sense 
of shame, they will reach (or arrive at) virtue, 
WJCS.I&; to ai'i'ive iit puberty, j^-f ; has the 
steamer arived? 'XMPJS*; to arrive at perfec- 
tion (as fruit), ^1^; to arrive at by practice, 
^MWi'- ^0 arrive at the meaning of a passage, 
S>ai'&],^; to arrive at the door, fijp^, gfp^; 
to bo about to arrive, Jjf JiJ; to arrive at the 
same end by different means or roads, f[ij |§ J^ 

Arrived, 2>p- Eeached, JiJ j§. ^J "f; 0"i' ancestors 
have arrived, :Jt;jjiI-f-Jg. 

Arriving, pj)!-. Coming to, fij. ^, ^, ^. 

Arrode, v. t. To gnaw, Pj^, |^. 

Arrogance, n. Haughtiness. ,t^§^. ^f^, @ ff, ■gi 
m, mnm ; insolence, ^i'g, m f!i. %(ii •• pn'^o, 

mi- PliAP5±njj, frtitBA. 

Arrogancy, ??. aSi>,> Arrogance. 

Arrogant.' «. Haughty, S^(|i, ggf^^ ^1-1^^'' 7L'^ 
DP.-P>fiAP&^±njJ, ii^li!: boasting, i|f; inso- 
lent. H^'H, ^Kfti, Wlli-^fS^- 

Arrogantly, ar/r. With undue pride or self-import- 


|i|i,^^ ; arrogantly offend, 

Arrogate, r.t. To lay claim to more than is prop- 
el", m,i^m,m je- m^-M.m^ m m- m^ ; 

to arrogate a name or title. f^^^E- fJ^ ; to 
arrogate to one's self honour or respectability. 

Arrogated, j'p- f§i^- 

Arrogation. n. The act of arrogating, f§. fg ^, 

Arro^'ative, a. Making- undue pretensions. '^ «if 

Arrondissement, n. A district, f,^. 

Arrosion, n.-^^. 

Arrow, n. ^, ^, ^^, i)!^: an iron pointed 
arrow, ^ ^, $i§^j: ; to set off an arrow, ^— 
^ ; to shoot an ai-ro\v. ^]^ '■ every arrow hits, 
1i^^^-^^^,^i¥Mm^ IM + e^ ; ^ show- 
er of arrows (arrows lell like rain), HuinMT, 
^ioUT ; time Mies like an arrow, ^HfU^; 
when the mind is bent on returning home, it 
is like a flying arrow, |i| <|j«fy ^; a whirring 
arrow, jlfi^fl^f ; a fire arrow. 'Xm • to injure one 
with a secret arrow, to slander, H^^i^A, M 
^^: an arrow flying, ^^; as straight as an 
arrow (upright), ^[g. ^iSiO^; the point 
or head of an arrow, ^^t^ ; an arrow of iron, ^ 
15^; an arrow of stone, ^; an arrow-bag, or quiv- 
er, ^^, 9^g; an arrow-maker.^A, ft^PA- 

Arrow-head, n. A plant. -A"®- 

Arrow-root, n. ^#. ij^l^, m^- 

Arrow-shaped, «. fyfj^iJ^. 

Arse, n. The buttocks of an animal, ^, ^^; a 
short arse, i^fif^;. 

Arsenal, n. A repository of arms and military 
stores, "^^M- W-^%- ^I$- 

Arsenic, n. f= ;g : ore of arsenic, ^^. fiftJ^, ^^ ; 
sulphuret of ar.senic, A a", * ^I fl ; yellow 
arsenic, /Q^- 

Arsenic acid, n. ^^@^- 

Arsenical, a. Belonging to arsenic, ^ff^; con- 
sisting of arsenic, ff;56i it^'^U- 

Arsenicate, i-. t. To comliine with arsenic, ^fg^- 

Arsenious, a. it:Qfi^. fg^f^- 

Arsis, 11. In prosody, that part of the foot on which 
the stress of the voice falls, ~^^.^. 

Arson, n. The malicious burning of a house of 
another man. 1^>X- B'X- l^'X-MAmM- 

Art, «. ^sj. ^B^mm- ^m- riK§- ti«. t^ffi. 

H " 

* This is a slang, meaning " man's word," the two char- 
acters when combined forming the first syllable of arsenic. 




XS' g : 1lie six liberal or polite arts. 7^|g :— 
they are If. ^,^i '&■ #-^ ; etiiiuetle. music, 
areliery. charioteeriug. writing aud arithmetic; 
the art of war. jf^lS- ftji^p : literary exercises, 
^It : A. R.. l^achelor of Arts, fli}'; A. M., 
Master of Arts. :^ A : skill, {^Vj, V]^ : by art, 
yJi^W--- adroitness, 3^ti : ti'ade. ^M'- P™" 
fession. XH : fl"" ^^'^ of jugglery. Btj^. iiifi^ 
^■'i^- iTlii: '■ arfilice. slf^ : a mysterious art, 

Artabotrys. )?. J^)^. 

Artemisia, n. ]\lug\vort. ""^'j^, ^1;. 

Arterial, a. fi'LvDlRH^. Sfeffc''^ : pertaining to an 
artery or arteries, [^3 J^J^JM : arterial blood, g^ 
OIrjSl: tlio arterial system, ^mj^>h^-- 

Arterioloii'V. «. A treatise on (he arteries. ?j!;IMjB 

Arteriotomy, n. K]lc|tj&.- 
Artery, n. A vessel or tube whicii conveys the 
blood from the heai't to aM parts of the body, 

■g-fi-, doHbtfnl twms are niH. mM-^^^- 
Artesian, rf. Artesian wells. f|f-jt^. J^fjfc^j"-. 
Artful, a. Skillful. ^"J^iVj. fii^f!^. :P}^i- ; cun- 
ning, mm ; p'-^ifty, m\- m^^i- mf{- m^- 5t 

^ : then I see an artful lad. 75 S;5cfr : an art- 
ful woman, if f!6^'±. if- :i?f^f A- ?«5i1-:!^; se- 
ducing, m^^- WM ■■ :ii-l<''i! talk. 11^ : artful 
words, J^=-. ^^*tf. ^^, ^If ; fascinating 
smile, :^^^iM- 
Artfullv. «(/i-MVi(h art. Vj^-: skillfullv, |!|J^. 

Artfulness, v. Art. ^'J^: cunning. ;?|f|. 

Arthritis. 71. Gout, iStV^. r@®l?Hl- 

Article, 71. A section (in a treaty, ordinance. &e..), 
^,1$,: an item (in an account), fff^ : the definite 
article ('^^'Sp). which is expressed by .It. f/jf, 
^■. the indefinite article, * ;^;£^^-— . ^: 
articles of war, ^^--S^- "l*-^ ". articles' of 
trade, it^ ■ one article of trade, — f^lf : an 
article (of trade), ff,:^, fe,#|, |ji; ; articles of 
faith, in'MWm, t%it^m^i\fr. an nrticle of 
faith. f=^— (i,^ ; articles of food, -^ify^: ar- 
ticles of furniture, ^flU : in the article of death. 
el5E±IlJ- la^:?- 5E1 : <':i'--h article. .fi|.f[:; all 
the articles are spoiled. ^^iMT- 

Article, r.t. or i. To draw up in distinct particu- 
lars, 13?!!^;^. ^M'S-f^. ; to stipulate, or bind 
by articles of covenant, i^i^;, f^]'^i<;. ^^ ; to 

See under A p. 1. 

agree by articles, WM^lk- 
Articular. «. Belonging to the joints, \s^1i^^,l 

Articulata, H.p7. Animals having a jointed struc- 
ture luit no internal skeleton, ^i'.f-^i^MM^ 

Articulate. „. .Foiutrd. ffgi^. t^jg: clear. P;|. PjJ 
^- n^IE- Pllfl ■ ''-n articr.lati' ju-onunciation. ji} 
^f^- ^M'/rm- mmn- fit 3f fit ; an artic- 
ujate voice. !^-]f l-Ji. 

Articulate, c. <. Tosjicak. ^i^n/]: (0 forui into dis- 
tinct elementary sounds. ^aj]f.i^^.^li^{i^.^- 
'ihi^'- to form into syllables or words, i^ajij'n]: 
to sli[udate, if.i^^^ ; (0 enunciate clearly, g^fg- 

Articulated, j'i'-orn. Uttered distinctly in syl- 
lables or words, W/i^f»^.1n^\n^-M'^l 

Articulating, ppr. T'ttering in distinct syllables 
or words, sf^fllj. mi^Mm- ^^WiM- ' 

Articulation. ;;. The jimcture of the bones, '^ix.- 
•jl'i'f? : articulation of the jaws. T3^£R'3*^ 
'gH: articulation of the spine, -^-i-^fi^ili : 
the forming of syllables or words by the organs 
of speech. j^fM^- 

Artifice, n. Trick. ?;-|tI-. J5t|,*f SMSth^Slc 
fifii,^*,: cunning. JJjft; cheat. W:^- f'^'t. /£ 
ffi"fif3;: to i-heat the ignorant liyfclever) arti- 

fifi's. wismiMfii A •• full of tricks, m^mn 

Artificer, n. An artist. ^X- l^^ilX : a work- 
man. XE- lEA. XA-X: artificers, gg; 
one who contrives, ^^f^^f^i. 3^t|^ : an invent- 
or. i'f,-f^^.rfitll^-«--1f^Jf^«^: a cun- 
ning feliow. fffi;f£±A.S|^it±A.f$ff:±A: 
a clever fellow, a person full of contrivances and 
resources, "g"^;?: A- itilUiiA- ti^VilA- 

Artificial, a. Made or contriv(d bv art. <f^(f'.}. i^ 


feigned. i't-^^flW^JW'^.frtlS^.m^ : not genu- 
ine or natural (as a person's conduct), $i^: 
cultivated, not indigenous, as flowers. &c.. J* ^ 
fi^-imm-iMm^- artificial flowers. *K|g:fg, 
,^li;:fg: artilicia! flower maker. li:lM1t.M^'H ■ 
artificial rockwork. ii^iiTflLl- ^lll- fSUl- S^ 
iJj : artificial horizon, fg Jtjj^. 

Artificially, adv. By art. fp. -ffrfi^, ff;P^ : to hatch 
ducks artificially, ^tgidff : ducks hatched artifi- 
cially, >A::l-*f|. ' 

Artillerist, n. 5'^^. Ul^ ; a corps of artillerists, 


( 59 


Arlillery, n. Orilnaiico or great guns, :^Fft. AM '^ 
a park of arlilierv. -Xfd—W- '''' -^W:k^'!i '■ '^ 
Iraiu of artillery, f'i^ '• lo prac-tieo artillery. ^ 
^k- f^f&- Wi:kik- W''i ■ artillery men, JH"^. 

Artisan, n. A liand-craKs-nian, XtE'Xf^^-X 
fill): a mocha nil.', 3^X ; iH* excellent meclianic 
MX-i/'^l!'': a master mechanic. |lilJ(^i.::/cXfi|i- 

Arlist, n. A jjerson who iimlcsscs and iiractices 
one of the liberal arls. ^3^5;VX.3^^±,A.^' 

— ^- ; an engraver. ^i^X ; a paiulcr. ^['X- ^ 
HlIJ : an architeel. XIK- 
Artiste, ?). One who is })articiilai'ly dcxicrdiis and 
tasteful in almost anv art. as an o[iera dancer. 

A rt less. r( . 1 1 ns k 1 1 1 i id . ^{U . g jm . IS. f;]. . p^$^ ■^y]\h. 
out skill. ^.^iM'i- ^.ttiiiU'}- iiiiatrccted. ^it 

ifi. W.mikill- >i^mn\(i- .'i-rft. ?l?;fg; siiiipK'. 

iL|W. ; oprn. Irani . [J ff,{:>. *tt|f( y )j],} ; ,u art- 
less tale, !^U±.Ul 

Artlessly, adv. ,<l;,i£. .f.f({i. 

Artlessness. «. Unali'eeteduess. fiiiig^i : sincerity, 
:J'J-,5; simplicity. Jg.g.; without guile, »^.' 

Arlocarpus, ». Jack fruit. '{}^^^^. 

Arum aqualieiun. n. The taro, ^j^ij^; the leaves 
of arum aqualicum, ^^M '• theearly sort of arum 
a(inaticmn. ^4'- '■ 'li** stalks of arum a(|uatieum. 
ik- -/^Si- ^i^-if^'j other liut doul.itful names for 
the arum aquatieum arc 1\^. Ijli^- 

Arundiuaeeous. a. Kesemliling the reed or ciine. 

Arundineous, a. Aliounding with reed. ft|i^. f^ 

Aruspex, n. A soolh-s.iyer. :|[»gf, i!j J|». 
Aruspicy. ),>. The act of progroslieating by inspec- 
tion of the entrails of lieasis slain in sacrifice, 

As, adr. i/[y. ^. i!-, tu^.m^f- M- lUf- it 
if!^- f^ fU- IJilJ- fa f;- ^^- Jlicin. ^'li^fv ^ 

it. SH : :is long as broad. ^gfe^^U— , — #:g 
Pr^. [pl:iRi]- itSti^—jll: '>s nmQh as you 
please. ^ >P ii^K^M- ^'p{i:i^^- ^'PUkl- 
■ aSlJ^^'J;; as clear as crystal. ^U^iml'tl'^ : «s 
black as a devil. M^lltif.: t ns black as tn 
fan. X iMPitM: i<s black as the devil. ^^ 
VWm : mad as I was. Mj^MM'- ^^'^''^ I 'is you, 

* Tliis form is used in enumeration , the next in general 

t Tliis means rot the devil, but a moor. 

X Name of an idol, who protects people I'roni the altaohs 
of tigers. 

i^mm^^ ■■ 'loas I bid you. jfr^SS. M|5c^f^ft^ 
WiA- U ^iffflT : ns follows, ^nf^. im& ; as you 
please. Bift;. Bi^- ttft^- ^'i:^- ^M- PifM ; as 
it appears to me. m^m^t, i«^^?JJ. ff ^icBjfi 
^i ; as you like it, ^u,-g ; as large as a cart-wheel, 
^lli|i$&±:^C'- ''S largo as a bomboo (rav, jiU^ 
tliti] : * as if it were said. JSg, il-fyM, if 
Hm- as if dumb or speechless. i^:JiZ>\l^s. U 
fWSnwfl '■< as soon as he heard he answered, — 
^Mi0- as soon as. — |f : as you .say, a^Jfj-. 
PJili- JJSMtJ!;: as usual. JIB'!'^-; as formerlv (or 
of oldl, IIRti0. fJi^. ^|E. f/i^c. mMwIA. M 
A ; even as. jEiu : as lor, $^ Ji. H ]^. g H^ : 
as well as. -jg. fjf, ^^: as it were. ffjy. ^ff| ; 
as. while, during, nj. [|]]. |^, : as I wiuit alin^. 
|li§.ill*- fTi^^rd] : as you love me. f(i]^^ ; 
as without, unless. ^,'^}i\ as without I hem the 
thing could not have been done. I^^t^ffe^^ 
l[/;^Iv tl'l ^ lit )7^^ : all such as, jjTr^fj- • 1 tnok'^ich 
as I picascl. Jtfr 'M «- ?S5 ® ±- ^ M )=/f '^f^ : 
J love him as well as you. ^^'MB^ i^-^H ^. 
n;^'M\iL^MMSl, ■■ as rich as yuu. [Ujf^lt ® • 
i3\mn^m- <^MriU± : as yet. ^^ ■ he is 
not at home as vet. fjlifij -;^jj$ : as for example, if- 
fa ; as it- 'im- \m- m^- ^^ ■ as if speech- 
less. OU^^Ht "b • '"■ is as cunning as a fox, {g 
in JSIlll-f M Wi ■■ as he was at home. I visisted 
him. i|l^,^Ilff:Rilili: I do it as well as I can, 

Asaltelida. n. ^f^. 

Asarum, n. Wild spikenard. ^-:f: ih^- 
Asbestos, Asbestus. u. FgilS^- T^';/^'^^. tfcli'<±3E- 
Asbo'in, n. A yellow oil-like uiatter obtained 

from soot, .tjiivilj. 
Ascaris, «. ; pZ. Ascarides. (||JI'jf']'>ll'.- 
Ascend, v.t. or i. To move upward, J:, _h-i, S, 

#• m. -7P±- ff0i- n- n- mn- s±. KaIS. 

I'li^i- ^- 1^- M- Il^V fSf : >f a.s^eml a mountain. 
±IU- ^iJj ■• lo ascend a throne, gf^. g^^. 

StS- 51 fi- M1S1-- Sa. i:;l;- -Ti^- fi- g 1 fi. ip 
fi: to ascend the nine hills. '^^Jl^M. '■ to as- 
cend a carriage. %^. %^^i- M^ '■ ^^^ ascend a 
hors-. ^}Si- l)k- 'f» ascend a hall. K^; to 
ascend as vapour. 7h: to ascend daily (rise in 
lionour and rank), ^^l H X ; (o ascend and des- 
cend (as the sun and moon). -7h'#- l''^'l^- _hi^ • 
the spirits (souls) ascend to heaven. iX'fllfiJi: 
to ascend steep places, ^Jj^; to ascend one de- 
gree in— 'IJ^ ; to ascend high trees, j§ 

*'\Vhen peojilc cannot part with a single, they are 
said to loolc at one cash as if it were as large .as a lianiljoo 
tray, 1KB- I'lSAll^fll'trM- 

A so 

( 60) 


ff Stj^; we daily ascend lo loftier ideas, Bjg 

%M- to proeeed from modern to ancient limes, 

g^^lt,-: to tower. 7^, g. 
Ascendant, n. Superiority, ^^, 42.^, W- ^'H- 

manding influence, ##I42flii- WltlSSi^A; 

an ancestor, or one who precedes in genealogy, 

WlM- -Jfe A ; lo be in the ascendant, ^^. 
Ascended, pj). or a. Eisen. f pi§ : mounted, ^j^ ; 

gone to heaven, J[=^X. ±ii%- 
Ascendency, n. Authority. ■^$. fUtJ, <g:|| ; to get 

the ascendency, ^^t- i^ffi ; lo have influence, 

W®?' ^tlM- WiSI^- 

Ascending, ^^pr. or a. Kisiug, -y[±, ^, Pit, |^, 
^, H; ascending to the sky. ^%\ ascending 
vessels. S±±.!l^-. ascending latitude, -7p|f. 
Jg ; ascending node. ]£^^^. 

Ascension, n. The act of ascending, ^ ±Mf\ 
± ; the ascension of Christ. ;l,t'# ±, # 5C : Hif 
feast of ascension. ?[• % ±. 155 JIS - ^l" ^ ±. it 

Ascension-day. «. I}I5|r7f"3cil 3 ■ 

Ascent, n. The act of rising, -;|-±. 5^^, f^Ji. ± 
M±.?§: 'I'-flivity. 5;=tJJ[J^: an eminence, lJj||, 
■^'1^ ; steps, l^l^l/i : the ascent to a hall. ^^\ an 
ascent of three steps. HIS ^^' ■ the nine as- 
cents, jl^. 

Ascertain, v.t. To make certain by examination, 

s- t%n^ m- li- ^^- ^- ^^' ^BJJ- «^' 

^^' JtE^ ; to ascertain by measurement, ^; 
toascertain by calculation. ^J^; to ascertain by 
interrogation, ^S\ ; to ascertain the meaning of 
a word. :^^^: lo ascertain clearly. ^PJ. ^ 
nj- i^j^ijit •■ to ascertain the truth, ^Jijitti, 
S'J^-JiK- ^T^fili : to ascertain the circum- 
stames. iTU\n)\'^- nUm.% tl^'Aii; 
to ascertain how many, fi^: $^; to ascer- 
tain by reckoning, nl^lllii. ' to ascertain 
the price of a commodity. |!5] K K M- F^l ^^ d 

Ascertainable, a. Thiit mav be reduced to cer- 
tainty, ^-^^m■ pj^^Ji. pi^nm* WM 

Ascertained, pp. Keduced lo a certainty. ^^^ 
fS- mmn- U^mi'M- I l"^ve ascertained 
tiie signiticatiiin of the word, ^l^^i.^^- 
^il^^Pj'JR: not to lie ascertained, fetpj" 

Ascertaincr. «. The p(M'son who ascertains. ^{H 

Ascertaining. ^V"'- J^cdueing lo a certainty, ^^ 

Ascertainment, n. The fiet of ascertaining, ^j^ 

Aseelic, a. Ifctircd from the world. ii[!i:fi^. SfH 
6'^- jS ftf ^^^I■ ^iS ■• I'igicl in devotions and morti- 
fications. 7iil'§jf. f^'ifj^l : ascetic (devotional) Ijooks, 

Ascetic, «. A recluse. iMUt± A- IfiKf.^". 5l^^% 
^;^. -^ili'^ A : one who practices undue rig- 
our and self-denial in religious things. ;^"^ 
^-; to become an ascetic, A#3ii^-fi^^- 

Ascians, Ascii, n.pL Persons, who, at certain 
times of the year, have no shadow at noon, ^ 

Ascites. 71. I)ro],sv of the belly. IjOii. 7j<iic. 7^3^. 

ii)|!ii. HiiiM- ^m- 

Ascitic, a. Dropsical. Ml%(6'jV- belonging to 

an ascites, IBilJi- 
Asclepias curassavica. v. .^^^iJi^J. 
Ascribe, v.t. To attribute, |hi. Ififil: to ascribe 

tlie crime to him. Sf ^-^ffe: the jieople ascrilie 

it to you. AJL'l^f^v Ai^Ii%f^tfm^ AAm% 

Ascribed, pj). Imputed, §f;i^. £f;|fiJiS; it isascrib- 

ed to you. AUiim^i^- 
Asellus, «. im- im- ±'^K- 
Ash, n. -latM- Ift'f^ilV). 
Ash, r. t. To strew or sprinkle with ashes. ^^ 

Ashamed, a. Afiecled by shame, UK. ^^, ^ 

mM- ji^it- ^m- Mt- ^t- TM- ^'tt, 
m^- "i^^i- wti.- itii- ^M- ^m- wa- a 
M- *ni'^;(ii- gi'?«- Wdi- m%- u- mi- !f^#;- "iss 
^. r*. n^tii- c^Pft- \ii fM- s- 'f*- ^:- 1«' 

'KT- JI.S- fi'- •"■'' .^o" "'^t ashamed VjIfirLfitii: do 
you not feel ashamed. i^JJ^ ^ ^IjJ : I feel asiiaui- 
ed of my stupidity. '\fiK§!^,t- L'l 'I^H^fib : to 
feel ashamed of receiving so many favours, P/J ^. ; 
not feel ashamed tor telling a lie. AW/p!S- to 
feel quite ashauicd . 'gif ±, 3? ■ Al ^'If ■&, • asham- 
ed to be se.m. i^.^fm- ri5i*liifi- ItU^IIfit. 
?iM1tfc: to uiake ashamed. nJ^fii/.flj. :^^^.. ^ 

A^- ^ AJLIvIK- fi'ME^iAj. I^ftfllililfi- Km 

^•\%: I am ashamed of him. dlftllr^iyfe^I;. 'ffi 
'[lltti'i!^-f!c (fiiit: I'iishful. as Chinese women, ffl 
\% 1';l1r- ^ti- '^H; to be ashamed of bad 
clothes. }j;i;r^^: not lie ashamed to learn from 
an inferior. ;f;ii;L<T Fo! : 'o be ashamed on ac- 
count of any one, fti^'ffl'lt- ilSJIifiii- 

Ashery. n. A place for ashes. 'Xl'RM- 'XI^M.- 
a place where potash is uuule, ^0,rp'^l^- 

Ashes, n.2>l iK''K- M- llk'^- [^.^ 'KW^ • ''le 'islies 


( 61 ) 


of opium. ?|j>ri0iS' * iW'^ ! *tie ashes of char- 
coal, ^hJi- *X')^^^'/i '• *o sit in dust and ashos^f 

Ash-iioh\ n. TI^'- 

Asli-Wodnosda}-, n. ^-JiUB- 

Ashore, adv. On shore, ff l^.Ji- /^Jl- ('f?;JvJ: '■ hi 
go ashore. ±)^. g^.jilj^.: (o -o ashore tirst. 
•^tJlir- ^" l"''l asiiore. ^^J|l'H: a^'round, as a 
sl^ip- 'J'XvP- fXf^- 1'^ 1'"" ashore, flipp. ^={>p. 

Ashy, n. j^fi^. }0^: ash eolound. /-7<£. 

Asia, «. The continent, r]^ lu F|5 'j'|'| ; nations of 
the continent. jSlinillist P ^ '* comes from Asia, 
f^^Sffflffi*"^: it grows in Asia. f^jiSilfflilli^ 

Asiatic, a. Pertaining to Asia. IJiHi fHill!. iSlldSi 

Asiatic, «. A native of Asia. iSlBIiliifi^A, ?IilH?l! 

Aside. r«/e. On one side. ^;\%. %\%: lo lav aside, 

1kn.- ^ii- I'^'M- 1ii^.'J'ji§- «i!!lfKj. llfflft^; 

to lay aside (out of sigiit). l^j^: go aside, fji^ 

aside (for private (•(inversatiou). tf^^^^. at^AnS'- 
$ffl^- ''£*S- Wfni- I'nfip : lay aside ymir cap and 
your robes. ^^.'M%'^'-> lay one aside (to neglect 
one). mZ-M^ ■• t" lift ^side. ;l*p^^. 
Ask, v.t. or !. To inquire, f^ ; to imniire ahont. %jj 

Pg. Igl- ^I^ : t" iii'1'iii-p i"<<'- f/H[^- SiiJll!) ; to 
interrogate. MPfo^. pufo^ : to humbly inquire, Ij^- 
Pi], ^Pp]: io in(|uire by sending an envoy lo a 
suzerain. Jf^-fo]: to interrogate with authority, 
W- ^.tfi- Mf^ ■ to seek, to request, ;}^, ffjI-S; 
to solirit. ,?a-j;% •£--1^: to demand of, t^jfti), ]R 
nl- filoi'; to ask leave or permission, ^,^, ^ 
^ ; lo ask the price, f^i^ : to ask one's jtardon, 
5fcl".- ;K^Jjc• ;!^W: to ask a ((ueslion. piJ—Pf, 
Fp^ ; to ask (demand) back. f^BM. RJ]® HI ; lo 
ask advice, l^-fi- tti?^- ^'Kli: io ask by divin- 
ation. Pp) I>; to ask of the spirits. ;Jic'pi|i; to ask 
of inferiors, "f Po] ; to ask a favour, Wl^^ fTfE^ 
'.^K- ?Jct^; to ask respectfully, ^;K; to ask 
for water, ;J>j7j<. 
Askance, Askant, nc/c. Toward one corner of the 
eye. ^\: lo look nskanee. J;'|®i. mil Ijjf^. tit 

^ftRKpg?ii|i. ^m- \um. m^. fi@. 

Asked, pf .pp^ig. B]^FJ] -i. up p^] -s . f,^j fi;] -^ , «^ p,T_ 

* This i,s tlie most vulgar term, luit froquciitly heard 
among the people and even made use of in letters, kc. 

t This sentence is found in Mencius and means that to 
speak « ith a l.'ad man would have been to Pehi the same as 
sittingwith his court rolies and court cap in mire and ashes. 

t In books % should be substituted for K, Sij 

Askew, adv. "With a wrv look, ^Jlg, ^^. 

Askiug,2,pr. PpT,=JP5l/HRP^J-mP.1- 

Aslanl. a.ovadv. On one side, oliliquely, ^. ^J, 

m:^^ ^-M- Kl- MiA- 

Asleep, „.or«,/r. Sleeping, jlf^^ |||^, |||t. 01, 
^m- mM- ©ItlRg. B'li-g: sound asleep. ©lA 
^'W^M^—m- to tall asleep. A nji- : you 
are half ash'cp. ifr--B\^-&\''»^'- to niake asleep, 
as Ijabies. ^-gH; to fall asleep agiin, Ug\. ^ 
||i|: at rest, to repose. ^. ^f^: I cannut get 
asleep, ^^: to rest. ^:-l., ^-[m^ ]-W^^\\i: io 
liave tiillen asleep (to lie dead). I^lli. * ^~T : 
l)oth hands and feet are asleep, .^ 3^. f^t Jip 3^. 

Asp, n. A small poisonous serpent of Egy[it. ^ 

Asparagus, n. A kind of sjiarrow grass, hI^^, % 

Aspartic acid. n. A crvslalline acid from aspara- 
gus, x^^^m:^. 

Aspect, n. Count. 'uance. §|^, |^|^. fjlg,. §£. 

IIS^ S!lic- Jl^^- fl'G. iTu &• ffiim; appear- 
ance, Jl^f/t, Jl^ia, jr$|^. Jf^^, -;t;a. j,5|.. ^^ 

(5, ; aspect of (the situation) of a house, [[ij f), 

^[ro ; a lieautiful asi.ect. ^Hg. i/.p|;. -^^^f;, Jf 

:?:' 1^rv; ; a man of good aiipearance, ^|^ ;>; 

A : a maid of sweet aspect, :f{; §P^ ^, i| A ; 

aspect of aft-airs, ^filTT^ffe, Jjf±^:i:- ^±'1^ 

Aspect, v.t. gfiffJJ. 

Aspen-tree, n. e'tihl'A: *!■ Hlfe. 

Asperate, i-.i^. To make rough or uneven, ^I'^i. 

Asperated, pp. Made rough, ^-fifij^. 

Asperalion, 7?. A making rough. ^-Vl^t^. 

Asperity, n. Poughm ss of surface. th)%^ l-fiiJS'. 
roughness to the taste, i,?j!i;J;; roughness of tem- 
per, il.fe\ mm- ffl# : harshness, figlf. m^- 

ma- mm- 

Aspernation. v. Disregard. !l|iji#, fSlJi- MU- B 

Ammm- mis. a- 

Asperous. a. liough. uneven, as a road, IBL^ftS^. 

Asperse, v.t. To slander. igJHf, fili^, fg^f . |^^^, 
Sfif- -mV- to calumniate, vjjg. i^|«, tgjjg 

Asperger, «. One who asperses. |?J^f ^"- l^nf ^■■ 

Aspersion, n. Calumny, H^^f. jSJlf : to cast an 
aspersion upon one. li^JntA- If A- 

Asphalt, Asphaltum, n. P)itumen. JlJifgW- Mfe 

* This is a vulgar e.xpression and should not be used. 


Asi)lialli(% a. IViiainijii^' io nsj[)li:illuni. SjMlEW ' 

Asphodel, II. Tlie day-lily, -JtM- 
Asphyxia,Asphyxy, n. Cessation of inolioii in the 
heart and avtories, Mm,- ^miL±: PfiSM^,!.: 

Aspirant. ». One whii aspires, or seeks with cager- 
iK'^^s- flAc/ft'f'i^": a eanditale lor offiee, •(^^. 

Aspirate, i.t. To pronounce willi a hrealhing, [JJ 

Aspirate, i-.i. To impart a strong Ijrcalhiug. [i| 

Aspirate, ?!. A note of aspiration. ^^^^, fj'3^ 

Aspirated, pp. Uttered with a strong emission of 
l)reatli, lil^'^s^' nia]-krd witli an aspirate, 

Aspirating. p>py. rronouneing with a full Ijnath, 

Aspiration, n. The prnnnnciatioa of a letter with 
a full emission of breath, flAmffif s"- liJ:^^ 
ffifa"^' ; the act of aspiring. =^^ %. ^ ; an ar- 
dent wisii or desire. iH^W^i- ^iM:k.- ^i?^- iS 

m. Wi;^v >i^m-x^ >M\-^^ m'm-x-M^ )J^^ 

El Ea 

Aspire, v. i. To desire with eagerness, ;^, j'^', J^, 
MW\- ?§il&; to aim at something elevated, fit, 

to aspiie alter lame, ;^'j?^. ;Ki]B|[!f. Hi^^- 

p>ii^- t" 'Tspire atler immortality, ;^^^, 
^IT^^^-Illij. ;R:i:^ : '" ''^pi''^" ''''''''' !^"iiiotliing 
unattainable. ^^i^Jo^g. ^4i|%i^"- f3mXm 
m^th f3-'MBi\WM- to aspire alter ex- 
celling, -mi- ^■^■ 

Aspirer. n. Om' who aspires. ^I^j ^•. 5l|^^':an 
aspirer to the throne, fgfi^- : one who aijus 
at something elevated, tij^PSi^^ l^-J^s^.^ 

Aspiring, «. Ambitior.s, t^,:k'0^ WM- irT^ift'- 
)l^WM ; iispii'iug alter greatness, ij^. -^^ 
l^i^ ; nn asjiiring mind. tj^^^-^MfS,- 

Asplenium, n. (1.^^:. 

Asportion, n. A carrying away, j^^j : a felonioiis 
removal of goods, tgji-^il^. f;^'g'4<. tBM- W, 


Astjuinl. nJr. To look obiiquelv. fljjfi. ^'•^fg. f^j] 


Ass, n. ,^. ,1g{ ; a wild ass, !gf,|| : a slow ass, ^ 

( 62 ) ASS 

.11, OJH- 11-: ass-s glue, fjilfl^; a stuiiid ass, ^ 

&t- ^te- llJit- lil^. ill if- ^iili ; to ride an 

ass, mm- li^;^- ^11- 

Assafcetida, ?!. Bee Asafcetida. 
Assail, v.t. To assault, ff. J^JJ, ^I^T, ^^; to 
attack. J5:fj^. J5:fli: to assault a city, J^H,; to 
. attack an cmmiy. Jjc gr. ^-g^. tiU- to fall 

5^, ■|'?'5i^ : to assail with wiails. jV^. f|gA- 
Assailable, a. 'J'hat may be assailed, Pj'^, VJiJ, 

Assailant, n. One who assails. Xj^JfS ^. SJcW^' 

,1^, lit ; the first in a fray. ^T€^^- 
Assailed, pp. Assaulted. j5:tTii' .'^Jl- iii^' M 

Assapanic, n. The Hying squirel. .i|^. 

Assart, v.t. To grub up trees, ^tii; to commit 
an assart. ^IW.\%^- 

Assassin, v. (Jne who kills bv surprise or secret 
assault, ,j;,l^, mUA^, fki^A^; one who 
attempts to kill liy siir]>rise or secret assault, 
iJi^vIcA^" ; one who commits regicide, ^jliig:^. 

Assassinate, v.t. to kill liv or secret as- 

sauit,, iisti. ns^'. r^tT^A: rtlSJA; 

to attempt to kill by surprise or secret assault, 

M'^^%- to attempt to commit regicide. ^^^. 

Assassinated, pp. jMardered Ijy sui'prisi\ Ho^iilM, 

Assassinating, ppr. V^'MA- B^^.A, U- Uli^l 

Assassination, r.. The act of killing or murdering 
by surprise or secret nssnnlt, fy jjii] ^, Pg j];i] A 
^j- Hh^^A^"; the act of committing regicide, 

Assault, n. An attack. Jjc. Jjc fj^. Jjcit mH- 
JJC W, mn^ ?rv^> £ -^- ; invasion. -gfj> : to 
make nn assault upon a city. J^M ■ to make an 
assault upon an enemy. JjcWi'- to make an as- 
sault upon a person. BA. ir^AT^;g;^-. 

Assault, v.t. To attack. Sjc. iJ^J. T^W- ife^T- tT 
^, ii; to attack by words. ,1. ^TAT>^; 
to attack by unfriendly measures, t^t^; to as- 
sault as highway-robbers. :^U%-fi'W^fS-)M- 
to assault at night, as large bauds of robbers do 
in China. ^TB/J'X'- to invade, fff,^': to invade 
i:.ecrelly, mil fii^iUflA- nMii^U- to en- 
counter. fjKi. i^ii5(. ifii. ^n- ^P- iftr; 

to assault unsuccessful ly. JJi.l'Tifi^'i- J^T»T- 
Assaulted, pp. JJcjI, ^fi^, |til- f-^ii- 
Assay, n. The determination of the quantity of 




metal in an ore. fHftSf, i'^^^-^T^, : the detenuin- 
alinu of the qiiautitv of g-old or silver in roin 

or bullion, lijft-^-. JTt^. m^m- U±- lilJl- 

Assay, v.t. To determine the amount of a par- 
tieular metal in an ore, allov, &c-. M^S"- M- 

u. imm •■ to f>^s^iy silver, ^m- Mm f^^n i& ; 

to apply to. to try on the toiichstoui'. g^R]^. '^ 

Assayed, pp. Examined. f||;l. K^--@. U^'&- 
Assayer, v. Wlififi- MmUi'l 5^f&(?): an 
officer of the mint whose Imsiness it is In di^- 
termine the amnimt of a'old and silver in eoiu 

or bullion, mmmminiL'^-mi^^t- 

Assaying, n. or ppr. The determination of the 
amount of any metal in a metallic compound, 
jglt: an assaying shop, jiltfl- 

Assay-master, n. Sec Assayer. 

Assemblage, n. A collection of individuals, f^.. ^. 

ik^ —ifcA; a collection of things. — J{t ?f ^ 
the act of assemliling. ^^^^. ^^^■ 
Assemlile, v.t. or (. 5?:^. H^^. ^^. -fi*. ^'^\. 

#«- is:^- -tai- m. tt^.- ?r5-M-- \mh m 
I?.- ftit- ^?^■■ t,^:- a;^5^- i^^-^.s?^?, mm^ 

mm- mm- Xm- l- m- m- @- SMo con- 
vene, fg^^. ^2^. j^^^ : to assemble all nations, 
f^^lStM- to assemble all the people of the 
world, '^^liiA ; to assemble on a plain. ^|5^ 
Xi^' to assemble at court. ^;i}'^ : to assemble 
and discijiline as of soldiers. |^^. 

Asseml.iled. pp. Congregated. ^^, '^^. ^11^: 
assembled together from all (piartens. 55TP 
$^^: all sorrow is collected within my iieart. ^ 
>C''^la'^; it is but proper, that you should 
have so many children assemliled here, "XW-f 
E^^^: crowded, W-^MVW^: crowded 
like a forest, it-'^in^; assombled like anfs. 

Assembling, ppr. Coming together. ^^^. 

Assembly, v. A collection of individuals in the 
same place, -^ ; a public assembly. ^^ : a large 
assembly, y,^-^ : a religious assembly, fi'^. ^ 
•^; primary assembly. ,K^S^'- primary as- 
sembly in China. f^-^-tSlff. 

Assembly-i-oom. n. ■§"PJf. #f§; assemblj^-hall. •§■ 
^' ■&'5f ; * an a ssem lily-room for amusement, 

* Con.qoo is a corruption of -fi^ kuiig sho, i. e. the name 
of the place that has been substituted for the assembly. To 
hold a Consoo is to meet at the kungso for deliberation. 

Assent, n. t- M- 1- t<\^.- tft- ±W- ±t- W 

nt- im^ mt\-- mw- m±- ^t- mn- mm- 

M- MtR- concurrence, i^' ^,. Vj":: to express 
one's concurrence. ^. ff;P^. *fi. Hg. H^'. ICi; : royal 
assent. ^)[;;|it: lie will give his assent. y^)E-<ii'- 
^vollld not give his assent, pE?f. T^.^. ^^^ - 
the assent of one thousand men is nut ('(junl (o 
that of one scholar. "^ h ±,%^W^->i\\—± ±%- 
fl : he gave full assent. >ij.1t-^"^". 
A.'^sent. v.t. To admit as true. %'\-^: to concede, 
iC- ilil^'- to approve. p[-j;g: to concur. M^, 
"?i>l. f# %- %1 ^ : to assent to a petition. :^t; 
J^: would not assent, n/j^^f. fEJl^, (iifll", T> 
#• Cu 5^ : to assent to e\erv proposal. "g"^"g" 


Assenter. n. One who assents, ft'pf?^- f®:^^% 

Assenting, ppr. Agreeing to. ?f|. i^l^ : admit- 
ting as true, 5^ja : yielding to her entreaties. 

Assert, i-.t. To declai-e |iositively. ^fS'- ^^Ji- f< 
Wt- mf^- ntwtS- ms- EIW- st:!^ tt:S' Hfi 
m; to assert one's right. S ^ &¥• fi|5U- 5E 
^'1^ Si^- [S]^''- to assert one's claim. tlJC^j, 
list- MM- mUmm ■■ to declare, mfM.- 

Asserted. pp. Affirmed positively. '^^i§. ^^S 

Assertiim'. jipj-. Declaring with confidence. ^^. 

Assertion. n. Positive declaration. 1^^. MlJl- 1^ 
:$-mmi- -fj-r?n^. m^- mm- assertion of 
right, fijl^-. m"^-^- 

Ass^rtor. ». One who aflSrms positivly. ^|^^ : 
one who sticks to his own opinion. ;pll^, ff 

imr.. nnn^- f^m^■ 

Assess. V. t. To lix a tax. 1^m,-mM-^^'- **^ '^"^^- 
Ass'-"ssab!e. n. That may be assessed, Pfl^fHi RT 

Assessed, 25;i- Charged with a certain sum. ;^j^ 
^; valued, iff® fl. 

Assessment, n. A valuation of property for the pur- 
pose of taxation. •fS'!tf^^^' '• tlip act of assess- 
ing, SIS:^ ■• the act determining the amount 
of damage. ;£^|R : the determining of the a- 
mount of damage by a jury, liS^'S'/EfilS- 

Assessor, n. One appointed to assess the jiei-son or 
property. {hfS.^- :£fl^-: an nssisiant to a 
magistrate, -\l], ^^1, Jl^-M- iiW:- Wit \ a 
deputy assessor in a prefect's office, $M^- 

Assets, n. pi. The stock in trade and entire proper- 




ty of a merchant. &c.. g||g. !fr^- ^m. %^.: 
produelious. ±g : goods. 1^i\^. '^{J^. ^|/,ff 
d^ : the goods of an insolvent drMor, subject to 
the payment of his debt, i^7(i^<i^^|| ; estate 
of a deceased jicrson. siibjeet to tlie pavment of 
hisde)>(s. 5fi7^,]£^.. jgH. iggl. 

Assever, v. t. 'J'o de(dare positively. Mh^M.- n 
Wt- tmt mt ^mt ■■ todedare with so- 
lemnity. 11*2-. 

Asseverate, v.t. Sc^e Assever. 

Asseveration, n. Positive affirmation, ,ffiLfjJ. jlini^ 
^H: solemn declaration, Igff. 

Ass-head, ??. J^jfjiP^A- 

Assidnity. n. Constaucv. tl'Cv '}'(i>\J'' ^^6- '^'^'^ 
gence. JJl- Mlh W\>ij- fjX- ^ih 

Assiduous, a. Constant. iJnMj.. 'Iniij'd^- "ffiT-^fl'j- $ 
,56^ ; diligent. Jgl- l^fj- M:';- f't^Ci^- 1]- '& 
tfj- -£l^^ : persevering, till. fjj.. jjfj. fHif^. 

f^il:- T^if- ^ii ^ ^A- ^ I-v^ EFq^ Ili-*^LLI1^ ; 

sedulous, gi]-^. f!;:. |jrj)[| ; assiduous in stud v. 

11^' nhbinm- -'^-^--^i^-jjcm- 1^ : assid- 
uous in application, f^Jfj. 
Assiduously, adv. Diligently. ^Jlgj. fJ||K. -g-jilJ. : 
to study assiduously. tit\:,^^/4l'"W^- ^Z> 
Wi)k-UZM^ ■ 10 laliour assiduously. MIjUA 

Assign, f. <. fcvg. i^f;^. isMt- i^Pfl. ffi/E. Ixjr. ; 

to limit. [i^^E- jLl'S: ■ lo determine, ^jg, ^^% 
to specify, [^f] JiJ : to assign a cause oi- reason. _^ 

^MWA ■ I') uuike over to another. ^, ^^, 

to assign a false cause, ^/jSc, ^^ij ; to assign 
false judgment, ^ttBjJlf ^^iV : '•> assign a 
post, f£;fi ; to assign a prize. ;£H'-i^. /tKif^ 
If ;g: ; to assign (make over) a lease, ^^itEfilfiil ; 
to set forth with particularity, :Jp B/J. 
Assign, n. A jierson (o whom jiropertv is trans- 
ferred, ^m^A- ^^t-m^A' -M^m-^- 

Assignal>le. a. That i]iay be assigned, nj";^, ^^. 

As.signat, n. A public nolo or bill issued by the 
revolutionary government of P'rance, S^^^. 

A.ssignation, n. An appointment of time aud place 
for meeting. ^?^;#. t^-}-^^^. UM'^A^- 

Assigned, pp- or «. -^t^-^. :,t^i§- ^J-^'M- jE 

Assignee, v. A person to wlioui an assignment is 
made. SK-^A- ilMtr- assignees in bank- 
rui)tcy, MM^U ^M^- ^ person invested 
with certain power, Wf^:^;^#|. 

Assigner, n. One who assigns, '^^^. fSft^, 
Assigning, ^jpj-. Allotting. -{I^^: appointing. ;g, 

Assignment, v. An alloding to a particular per- 
son or use. '^^-^. WM;'^^- 5i^ : the writ- 
ing liy which an interest is transferred, ^. ^ 
t^±.m- mmfd.n- mm- il« : assignment in 
bankruptcy. ^U^H^m^iiXm^- 

Assimilate, r.t. To caus;' to res'Uible. '^fli— ^■ 
i^f^yi-il-l fili±¥^: <o make to resemble, f,^ 

m!a&- m^k-A- i^mmm- wMmia- mm 

WV^- tBfW- {]^#- mm- Si^ : to convert into 
a like substance. ^]^(\:. .ftJ^Ii^tf : to assimilate 
to another liirm. f[?fffe715- 
Assimilated, pp. ifMrnla-m^S-iSL- ^^JiN 

Assimilati(!n. n. 'J'he act of l.iringing to a resem- 
lilance. m^-^. mV^^l^^ : a state of re- 
semblance. ^0 III fi'ijlS. IKfU. m la •■ tlie process 
by which bodies convert other Ijodies into their 
own nature and substance. 'ftl]^ff3]f4^- 'ffc- J^' 

Assimilative, a. Having the power of converting 
to a likeness, PTl^fW- Pim-^- PTft-^, 

Assist. V. t. or !. To lend aid. ^f^j]. |^, ^fl/;, ^ 

11/;. fiiiil/;- llffi. iitf£. vm- mu- mi will' 

mwij- mijj- mm- mi t?^. ^^- mm- « 
?^^ Mfii?. sij. m- m- m- m- ^x- ^t- #• m. ^, 
in- m- mm- m- n ui^- %^- vk- u- m- m- & 

m ; to favour, f^^- m hH- tfffi- MM - to assist 
the poor, ^^. i^mViS,- to assist him, ^^jj 
jli; to assist (cheer one) in his old age, Jlj[^/a ^; 
to assist the loyal tamily, J-^^I^: why do 
you not assist him? j^^fj)^;^: if you know 
that your friend is dead, assist him. ^D^E^Hf : 
assistance is to assist, J|/;^'||,l^ ; to assist one 
another, mW-Wlll-fi^mM ■ ''^ "'^•'^'st i" the 
administration of a government. ^^ ; to assist 
ill doing evil. HjlTS- to assist freely, j^ig. •^ 
i!^ ; to benefit, M&iMd^', to assist the emperor, 
g_t ; to assist bringing about, ^f^ ; to assist 
one's parents, ^;f>CM • to assist in doing or 
settling something, ^Jlf{\ to assist others, ^ 
Assistance, n. Jf/;^-.^^ : to render assist- 
ance, ^m-W^'^ assistance to the poor, ^;^; 
assistance to the state, ifpg ; covert assistance, 
[SJIB ; to give a douceur for underhand aid, JfJ 
MB ■ to procure assistance, jg^s ft^.lS^. 


( 65 ) 


fuHV •• <«' sofk assistniico, ;K!|/;. 
Asisistiint, a. \h'\[nn<i. i\]j\\^. 
Absisl.-int. «. (.)iu' Willi iiids. ^^-.Z:^.#J^^-. 

JI/J /J ^ -jI/J :/j "^ A .jk m ^- ■ ¥? 1 1 ■ 15 fr flfl /5i ■ 1= 

^- .5$. iVtil. f:£.j;:. iVilJ €• -TV^- : ill! exfol'.ont as- 
sist.-int, #?Sj-Xif3j ■ •'" iissisiiint rlislrir-t inag- 
isfnilo, * ^S-M- ^S?-- i:iiL' : smmdary district 
lungistnilo, ^j^-jlj. ^f'af . t\|t- BW : ''n "^^i^^t- 
ant magislrafc of a driiaifiiiPiit. 'J'Hfil].ffl?i].'jl| 
f^, ^IJI^ : jirincipal a.^sislant, or priiiio ininis- 
♦pi". ^40' fVW. '^--'i-n : ass'filaiit iiiiuislcr of 
stale, -Jiiffl : assistant oft lie inner (-onrt, rfi^ : 
assistant ecusoi'. fil] 815 iJll '& '■ assistant oxaminpr 
of literar}' oandidatcs. f^ijlt'^' : assistant cnm- 
niissionoi-. ^ijfjf ; assistant conunissarv. :I^ffi'j 
Jg : assistant minister of the saerifieial eonrf. 
'M'W^-'P^^- fii^sislants in public ofifiees. ^'^■. 
assistants of officeis iji g-eneral. 7^^. t ^?iil : 
assistant to a sni)erintendeut of education, p] 
^; assistants of a prefect. P^P- ^Il^ilc. y^fli". 
^fj^ ; assistants of a sub-prefect. [n]^] : 
assistants of salt coniniissioner, l%[u]. ilf^l] fili : 
assistants of the provincial judge, j^'^l pjftl] fji. 
^.M '• iTs-f^islants of the provincial treasuivr, ^fjj 
iSH]#IF)£-^ll|:'"ssistant or lieutenant general, 
Slj.'^^jii: a.ssisiants to a general, admiral or a 
eonimander-in-chief next to the Tartar General. 

Assisting, ppy. 11/;. |ir?II/j. ^. fii]. fiff. 

Assize, v.: pi. Assizes. A court in England, held 
in every county Ijy at least one of the judges of 
tlie superior courts for trying criminal cases, ^ 
'^iStPI. a a : the time of holding the court of 
assize, fi]ii>IlJF. 

Assize, r. t. To tix the rale of, to assess, f^^ : to 
fix the weiii'lit and measure, ju'ice of commudi- 

ties, ^mmm^t^mm-^Mmmm^- 

Assizer, n. An officer who has the inspection of 

weights and measures. /^i^:Mil'cr- 
Assoeiable, a. That may be joined to, P^'^ ; soeia- 

Associate, v. t. or i. To join in company, as a 

* Tills and the following .are the designations for the 
Eujierintendent of police of a district. 

t In a more extended sense the term '^i^ comprises the 
whole suite of a mandarin. 

J The respective ranks of the officers are : — District Magis- 
trate, 7th rank ; Inspector uf Education in his district, 7th 
tank; of a Sub-prefect, 6th rank; that of a Prefect, 4th 
rank ; the S'alt Commissioner, 3d ; the Provincial Judge, 
3d ; the Provincial Treasurer, '2d; a Lieutenant General, 1st ; 
Commander-in-chief, next to the Tartar General, Lst ; Fd 
Tseung, 1st, &c. 


frirnd, t^-^. >^-^, 4Tli^. m^- Ui!> ^Pl"!- S 

i^. ^n^- m-f\-. m-^- m^- nffl-- fi-ii^ ^m 

*[pJf;.fn]^.in]!UA-ttJAfi?Ji: i- unite, f 
'^ : conslanlly to associate Willi, fj— ^.iii — 
^ij-; to associate wilh the ancients (to spend 
one's lime in studying their works). l?j' A^fg; 
to associate wilh tin- Idw lu-ed. jg^: to associate 
indiscriminately. i?,ll'l!^nj?i- J-W-^; to asso- 
ciate wilh tiii' wici.,d. ■m.M-^^^W.mM^j]^ 

A- JfcilfinA : unali'e to associaie with, "(Sd;^ 

Associaie. )(. One lr( queiitl v in company with 
auol her, IJfJ ^. JJj] H^ . nj] fjff. flij f*. fcV m ■ a part- 
ner or associate in htisiness. ^^f,\. ^SiV- 'n'ff-' 
Rfl-- fP]^- 'o'SF;^ • ''11 associate on a JMurney, ^ 
IS: an associate in offir-e, [plf;^. iQ:&: an as- 
sociate ill crime. JgS; : to have an associate, ^ 
fl-'^J-Ji^C: lalher's associates. :5C±Lt- 

Associated, pp- United iit company, f^-^; as- 
sociated in business, -g^f^' : associated in friend- 
ship. ^aJf. it/v5i ; to be associated with in gov- 
erniiient. ^\£jc: associated most intimately, [W] 


Assiicialin'j-. ppr. Uniting in friendship, ^^. 
^iH : uniting in interest, -^ j^ : uniting in 
company, -g--^. 

Association, n. Tlie act of associalinu'. ■^'p*. -fg 
^&- i^^- mi^- f,r¥i- %'M- f> society or club, 
•^. 'M.^'j : to form an association. \]f']'^-tx'm' 
lo join an association. A'^-Ifan^-f/ii^-fV-'i': * 
a jirivate association (similar to a savings bank), 
|R|» : the •■ Jjongevity Association. " ■^^■^ ; 
a literary association, ^JC^ • "^<^ poets' associa- 
tion, ff^ : the association for mutual protec- 
tion, f^cli'^ ; ^^^' Jlasonic Association, ^^g 
•^ : rules of an assoeialion. -^;-tg : intercourse, 

Assoiliiient. n. Act of assoiling, ^jij ; absolution, 

ffiP-ii IP- 
Assonance, n. Pesomlilance of sounds (term used 

in poetry), i^^% 
Assort, v.t. To separate and distriliute into class- 

if# %M- to assort colours. @(lg, ; to assort ill. 
Assortment, n. ^Mt)\^^M^ ■ assortment of 

* This term is only applied to joining an association 
formed for revolutionary or other unlawful purposes. Its 
very sound frightens Chinese officers, hence should be used 
with great discretion even in conversation. 


( C6 ) 


colours, gig, : assortiiionf ol" iimnliers. Tjjji ^. 
Assu.ngv. 1-. t. 'Jo mliieo. as pniu. ]^MS.-^^l-{k'0.- 
' ?^'Rn: <o soollio. ^.. fi].". M^' '" nssiiage ;!iTii'f. 
- t?g: tonssiuifiownitli. ('MtaST^ fiJifEllI^W;- 

Assiiagi'. c. /. 'J'o siilisiilc. iS- 

Assiiagwl.^^y;. Jlitig-ali'il. ^^gi^: oasrd. t*i§. 

Assunsive. rt. Miligaling, fi.]0.\V.}: ImiKiuiliziiig. 

Assuetiide. n. Cuslom. tut2- tuf^il ; li;ilii1n;il iisc 
AsSlimo. i-.t. T(i lake ll|iiill one's self, ^jf. fl-M-Cl 

one's self, fgj)': lo assume preeecleuce, f«:^, 
iS^^i' ^yUfi- t^^fe- t57tPII: to assuino more 
for one's self. t^/lgtC'- 'iJ iissunie a false name. 
®^- ffi'fi'^^ • '" iissnme a feigned manner, 

' ^llf^tlt- flM#ff^' : tf* assume credit to one's 
self, ^.^ : to assume merit. %7jj'^-. ■0^^ : to 
assume power, |f.^f^ ^g#|. ^.fjS|. jf #: to as- 
sume command (as ilie em})ernr). l^'f/ij^, : to sup- 
pose, ff|. f^'is : to assume too much lo one's self. 
@ iii^Sfl- ri ^'kl^ : '<5 assume to effect puliiic 
worLs, :fliS;f^". to assume ap]iearance. JSI^:<o 
assume tlie form of man (said (if spirils and ap- 
paritions), ySlAM-M^'^W- toassume a strange 
spectral apiiearanee, I'llJijcfi^'l^ '• to assume lo be 
learned and dispise (lie stupid. ■niii^dV^il'.- 

Assumed, i^p- tSiS, tWiS- P^fiS- 'PiiS^ M&- M 

Assuming, pi"'- tS^ M- 'eMI^: assuming the ap- 
pearance of virtue, (5,]Sfz : arrogating. ,!^|§ ; 
taking for granted, f^g: pretending, fg:^.f^ 

Assmning. ry. .\rrogant. ,1|ii. 5Sf^. ftifJE- ictl 
::Jt7S- dwK- I^mI : assumini;- and insnlent, f^J 

Assumptiim. n. The act of taking upon one's self. 
git^-i the act of taking for granted, ^ft|^,|= 
jyS^l ■^^nVil-'R; Christ's assumption of our 
flesh, 3i'l^-iK;fi' '• fl^6 taking up a person into 
heaven. J[l^: a eonsequence drawn from a pro- 
position of wliicli an argument is composed.^ 

Assumptive, it. 'J'iiat may he assumed. PiJ^.PHtK- 


Assurance, n. The act of assuring, "^fji, ji^fJt. 
^'Kifi- ^Jitffi'- finn ppi-suasion. ^fg^ gf^, 
mff. i^tf-fH- 5:DSr- 5l5;D. Vm-. freedom from 
douht. *if.^. :^^^: certain expectation. I^-Jt-iJ 
W' -^C^^/if.^. ^Sl/f !infi'ij: fidl confidence. 
@fS'i!>^; <he utmost certaintjs ^^-Jt^; 

jirmncssof mind, JlgjJ^;:^ j^-'O't^'i* knowledge, 
^^itlii:•ii?tM';ll^'j■:5^i}ffi;sHSh insurance. 1;;^ 
It- lll^ifclc: * nnpedence. 3ffi^Ji;^. -J^m-f^J-M 
jJt^A; lidl ccntidenco in Clirist and ol final 
salvation. ^ihffV^^^lf ililiH^iSc- mffiit'lf • 
Assure, .-. f. To make cerlaii!. '^MH-\^i"<-^9?:^ 
tt<pI-l"K: loinsu-e. H fKit- lill'if^: <" .-i^'' 
••oiifidence hy a p'vmise. -(f:f!j^. i'-^A^ iMi 
%: to make conf'deut, JiAHU^ '(il' A!Sfo ; 
111 -iver. Jffi/;-. 5if:=J|;: lo assure one's se'.f, mf{ 

Assured, jjp. Made certain. f'!i{i|fi^ : certain. \\'.\ 
?t, "^M ; insured, Ij^f^ci^t li§3Kf^; indu- 
hilable, »||. tt|^St liSSlf. — /lHH'- I <nii 
assured, ^ia^njij- Wm%\ hold to excess, ^ 
If; impudent, 3iif. i|t JjJ. : assured of final salva- 
tiV SfatHi::"'!'' fissured rs of it, %m.^ 

Assm-edlv. «-/.-. Cerlainlv. ;^w:. [gJ^f;. ,^,»c. ^ 

ffK. m'?!^ »i^':£- £^'i:>- k'i^>- iiit- JS*!^- #f3^, 

#IC'#*; indul)ilahly. ^Sll- M^filbg;, W 
wv?i^' K'S- 'i'l'M': you must listen lo them 
assuredly, igV^'^fi;. 

Aster chinensis, «. jiXift'^. 

Asterias, n. Stella marina, ||JIv;i^. }(g-P,"!4- 

Aster marinus condrilla. «. ^^tiSv- 

Asterisk, j). The figure of a star ( '■•■ ), used in print- 
ing and writing. — .fiJI: a mark of reference, 
^j}Mt- ^'i^l^sa!/!; to mark with an asterisk, 

Astern, «<?r. Behind a ship, ^/fnf^ : towards the 
stern, [njJilSIt ; to fasten on a.stern. P7>|gJl. 

Asteroid, ». >]^fTM• 'J^M' ii name given to the 
small planets, discovered almut the couimence- 
nient of the present century, and a nunilier of 
other small planets which have been discovered 
more recently between the orbits of ]\Iars and 
•Tnpiter, ii jilI^>]^fTM;tf4?. 

Asthenic, a. Weak. $^^?;. %^. i^f^. 

Asthma, n. Difficulty of breathing, .^P,^, 0^, 

nth l!|C, kP®. kM- S:«- *• iihil, Ot 
Pjpl;; humoral asthma, --I^PifiJ : great difficulty of 
lireathing, ^M}'^l3lk'- to suffer of asthma, 
?|fM Oin expression cliietly heard among the 
Hakka); to get asthma, tll^^. 

Asthmatic, a. .^Plfiifi^. ^t^"^: tnuibled with 
asthma, ^%}Z- •S'-I';fii=f«- 

Astonisli, V. «. J^r^-.l^iJ: to astonish people, ^ 

* S3K« (Mfii in sho 

is 11 corruption of insurance and ft> 




Mm- ^J^M'^U- ^AgeP. {.liAiesT- -^A 
mm- f-liAT^t^. (£ A^^^TL- ^jAiitt- 4j-A 

^J^^ 'I^Asg^•. ^ Mm- ^AMfh^ A ^i- 

■If ; (oiistoiiisli Ihe world. HXfjJlll- MWiXlk- 
Astonislic'il. ])p. or a. C'oiil'ounded witli surprise or 

iuiniinition. mif- M^- ^Mi- iiiu vS- n. 
^■s!<- m^i mm- fm,- ^mx. 

Astoiiisliiii,!;'. ppr. Coulouudiiig- jji-oplc willi wmi- 
(l''i-. i^Al\i;'i- ^Am^-^ coiilumidiii.n- prop:., 
withlciir, -t Alg'lf. 

Asfoiiisliin-. a. Wou.UtIuI ! ^4-^%. IW^, fl-llL- 'li 
^! -^''ttli- Ui mII'j'1'1 ; li<JW very wondeMiiil ! fjij 

Astoiiisliiiiiiiv. '((/(•. In a degree to exeite aiiuize- 

iiieiit. #';g. ii-g-. H?^. i/iii?f. 

Astonishiiient. n. AuKizemeut. g*S. g|^^% lg 
liif-^% lb'l|S±:t- U^y- li"'^'^ ^^i'l^ wonder and 
astouisiinient. JntT^.^lSnl- ^T>«i^'- '^■'^"'^^ »'^'* 
lielp expressing his iistonisliiuent. X-'^'di^i- 

Asloinid, (■./. To ;;stouish people. ^ AMt^'i- ft' A 

m^<- 5i«- ii'S- ^A. m-^<- mn ■ '" ^i^ke 

duiul) with !iin;i/.enient. .tHAifttLti- ISA IT- @- 
Astoiindinii'. iqir. Adapted lo astonish, Pj'fsliSgnJf: 

^mAin^^nmAim- ■ 

Astraddle. a<lv. With the legs across a thing. 
Aslra'a. Astrea. ». A small planet or asteroid. Jjf 

>htj^^'^ '- <l'f g"^^f^css of just 

IE it 

Astragal, n. A little round moulding which sur- 
rounds the (op or hottoni of a column, in the 
Ibrm of a ring. ^B- ^iimtll 

Astragalus, n. The heel bone. M^Ik"^'- 

AstraL n. Starry. ^-Jl^l^: helnnging to (he 
stars, Ik^. EIJM- mU- ®MHi 

Astral lamp. n. An Argand lamii. Hlji. jSlTir 

Astray. oJr. Out of the right way. jg 5§. ^S§, 
•1:1' ^fa- ^-^a ; <« go astray as a dog, ]i^^- 
to go astray as a child. ;|y^S5; (o lead astray. 
t^ii; you run as(ray. M^|•SS^ m^M ; <o go 
as(ray from a company, fj^. 

As(riet. r.t. To hind fast, i^'jl : to ccintract. j^^ij!. 

Astricted. pp. Hound fast. tB'^^ii. ^^ii: ^'O"- 
s(ric(ed. i^SSjl, 

As(riction. n. The act of binding i-ldse. ^Sfi- ^'"'1- 
traction. Iffiil : constipation. ^cllB^U^n- 

Astride. «(/f. Witji the legs open and across a 

* 'I'lie l)iScl§.^j5S of the jirovinciul or other cities exercises, 
nccorilliig tu Chinese notiou.s, the finictioiis iiscril-ctl to 
Astra a. 

tiling- mm, s?^. mBMm- 

Asfringeucy. n. That quality in medicine which 
causes contraction of the soft solids, ^^a\mM' 

Astringent, a. I^fi- 

Astringent, n. A medicine, which causes vital 
contraction of the soft solid. Ij^f^^l^, ^^-{^ 

Astrogra^jhy, n. Description of stars, M?Hlint '■ t'le 
science of describing (he s(ars, M.^H^M- 

Asfrolatry, v. The worshij) of the stars, ff- Ji ^ 
V- ijifiM : H'c worship of (he north star. jji^5j-, 

Asd'o'oger, Asfrologian. v. One who j)rofesses (o 
fore(ell fulurc events by the aspects and situa- 
tion of the stars. M±- Mtv JiM±, M*B±> 

Asti-ological. a. rertainin"- to aslro'.ogv. ^^^^, 
Astrology, n. ^^, Ml$: M^#^i4, b^-^B 

Astrometer. «. tt-MIS- 

Astronomer, k. fine who is versed in astronomy, 
X'^- mm- Xt^- X-^±, 5^35:t<i; ii»]'mal 
astronomer, '^XXm.'- '^ student of tlie heavens, 

x±- xm- mx^- wx-x^- x-^um- 

Astronomical, a. mX% X% ?C^fii %^% 
/g: astronomical calculadons. -i^f^. |^/||: as- 
(ronomical number or calculations. J|J-^. J|| 
iii, ^^'^: astronomical observation, jf]^ ; as- 
tronomical instruments. XX'^h-^- HfiiM-* ^ 


As(ronomically, adv. liy (he principles of astron- 
omy, flS'tii- EXic- 

Astronomy, n. 'The science whieh teaches the 
knowledge of (he celcslial bodies, ifec, %^, 5^ 
PJ-.. JJf ji: one acquainlcd with astronomy, j^ 


As(u(e. a. Shrewd. ^|.l1j) : cunning. ;^|g : crafty, 

Astutely, adv. Subtly. J^^Ji. [J^Jf . 

Astuteness, ?;. Shrewdness. JfJ^.BJ]. 

Asunder, of/r. A|iart. i,*[ft5JlJ. gjip^. ^*(|: (o (akc 
asunder, flf. rvKl- Wif- ^i!!)lHii: b, break 
asunder. ^4|j|!j, f^^^if : (o trar asunder, ^j^. 

Asylum. ». A sanctuary, or place of refuge, U^ 
±.P/r- -^^J^'l ; t nn orphan asylum. ^M^- 

* Tliese are a liiiid ofarmillar}' splieres, said to have hecii 
invented Ijy Yaii. See ^rS^l^j vol. It. 

t In China wliere mui'derers are e.xcnipted from capital 
pnnishnient npon their Ijeconiins); a priest of Bxidha or a 
Tanist, the expressions, ^j?, ,^v?Ul, or AMi¥lli> »'''" 
eqnivalent to refuge, asyhim, and to flee to a refuge. 




^%-B. ■ fin asylum for old men. ig Age- WV^ 

?%, m^^- *• m^i- m:^^m- '^ roumiiing 

asylum, ^H:^ ; * an asylum I'm- lopers. ijjjjj^ 
^ ; an asylum lor the blind. ^ 1^ : an asylum 
for old destitute men or women, ^ or ^^g^^. 

Asymptote, n. A line wliieli ap];roaclics nearer 
and nearer to some curve, but, though infinitely 
extended, would never meet it, jfflElS- 

Asyndeton, n. A figure whifli omits the eonnect- 

At, prep. ^, HI ^^ W- n- S- i£ : at home, ^ 
%\ is he at home? P^Ml^Rgl'^ '• y^- ln' is at, 
home, t»^^; at table, (ir at dinner, %^: at 
noon, JE4^. ^(g|. 3^ H 4i ; at the gate, .^p^ 
^; at sea, ;^?^i; at hand. jg^J*. -ft-^J : the 
kingdom of heaven is at hand, 5^P',S^: <lie 
end of the year is at hand. "^%^M, : at large. 
pii: to bi at large, -Sig, fifcilMflJ : at pi-es- 
ent, Jji^. -s-^. Jji^, P7 ; at tins day, j}t 
H : at that time, %\\^ : at any time. 7f.^!i}{{iil]^: 
at no lime. Mll§ : at last. V^'^. %% ^.;>. ^^ 

f.i mi pjn. jii£c- m t- is ^- s^^- til $' 

at first. ^0^. ^^ : at I be very first, f^-^. fll 
mZU- i(ii)i- mt\WAiM' at night. vfB^: 
at midnight, r^t]^. ^^. .^fg : at full speed. 
I'j^ ; at least. ^ ;> : at a stand, a || : at a loss 
what to do. ;r>*DfnI^. lI§^^Dll'fe!Ef if "S^DlA 
III (Si : <" '3e at liberty, g :fr, {i;lt,'g : at leisure, 
^eg : to bo at leisure. ffj:|«) : iTlie at it. fj^ 
fi^i IB^M- mm- at your'serviee. Ftf^itl^'Pi- 
mi^}:ii^W. ■■ ""♦ -1* «"• ^ffg: 'lo not at all 
understand. ?fi5CE[I*^ ; at once, — ^, ^: do it 
at once, gHiJf^i C'DH*!: at pleasure, fj^jg^: 
at (he lime. |f;j;i|,5^: he swooned at the time, jl 
±Pj)^s|- U.^i^^ff; Hie whole property is 
at slake, ^glj # ^ ^ 'jJC. # ^ Fi^:£ ; at the I 
same time. — f^. jiliHlf : at peace, g *:^, ^^, 
iSitf ■ ^fa : they are at peace now. Sj^T : at 
war, tTtt; at unawares. ■|^Wi. ^^ ; to be at \ 

law, S!5. ffis^, 'tis- fT'^}^- fnn ; io 

be laughed at. ^_^. fiJi^^iJ ; to play at cards. 
ffttWl-'- at one blow of the hand. — H]^^: at 
one blow of I he swoixl. —Jj : at my command. 

^m^-^fi^-mn^n-mnim- 'larris-, 

ter-at-law, 5Kfil|i: doelor-a(-!aw. 'Mi- iimch 
sickness at this time. nib#?E^; 1 live at the i 
provincial city, ^^^'-^Mjij : at the will of ! 

* As in Clii'iia only girl.s an; exposeil, thrown or given 
away, the ahove term cannot properly be applied toestaljlish- 
ments of infants of mixed sexes. 

t ihe sentence, rem, t-idi, vici, ?!;, |f.j 13?) (T) came, (I) 
saw, (I) conqnered, is an asyndeton. 

God, mM.l.'1^,%mi.%-^ ^tt±^; at odds, 
llft^. !^;i^- "S^ffifu; at parting, ^if^flf; 
to take one at his word, CJ/d^^ P. UgflJ^j^.^, 
^>Mk-^\ at Peking, ^:][:« : at wa-k. -gfj^ 
X^, fSMX^ ; lio arrived at tliis, fljl 1 jlfc ; 
at the Ijottom, ^Is, ^ at a cash a piece, ^—^'\' 
K—^: at ease, fj^'ig. l^-g; at the ju-iee of 
redemption from sin. i!f pil/l? ; at thirty 1 was 
established, H + ffifjL- 

Ataxia, Ataxy, n. A\'ant of order, ^■. irregulari- 
ty in the functions of the body. Pf ^ g f^. 

Ate. The preterit oi eat, :^-g. Sec Eat. 

Ate, n. The goddess of mischief. 9|ifi|i. 

i^. tempo, A tempo primo. A direction in music, 
that after a change of movement, the original 
movement be resumed. flB^^ll^. 

A tempo giu.sto. A direction in music, which signi- 
fies to sing or play in an efjual. true or just lime, 

Atheism, u. The dislielief of the existence of God, 

Atheist, i). ()ne whi disbdimes the existence of 

God, ;f; f= ff 1 .^. ;p mi-%'M- T> a? % i #, 

^ffl/iE?c-«-. )i:>M±-,if. mi.m^h- t^w± 

'TifUflif; an irreligious persim. Igftrifi^, 
^.r2a^?i;an impious person, gil±^g-, ^ 


Atheneum, «. A public reading room for peri- 
odicals, tjf 35: a Pi- 
Athenian, a. Pertaining to Athens, ^%i\i\^, ;J|ja. 


Athenian, n. A native of Athens, ij| JllP^ A- ^% 

Atherina, n. Smelt (lish). vj;g|. 
Athirst. a. Thirsty, p J^. %%. p |g : afhirst 

alter virtue. .S^f "^?i§. 
Athlete, ?i. A contender for victory, l^W^^K- p^ 

f,-My;±A. ^ ^ 

Alh'etic, rt. Pelonging to wrestling, f^jj^^. gf 
■// (15- H ^J"^ : strong, g.^f. ^|^, g^jj;, ^J^., 

Athletically, adv. Powerfully (made), ^^iyjg 

Athwart, prep. Across. f^J. f«f. i£. fil .TvS6^J : ♦" 

place across. tTfi-'ttti- 
Atill, adc. In the position of a man making a 

Atlantic, a. Pertaining Io the .\tlanlic Ocean. ;^ 

Atlantic, n. i;H?T- Allanlic Ucean. fjEiirKj-/®- 
Atlas, n. A collecliou of maps in a volume. Jtli||| 




§, immm^ im-^ S^-^Pral chart, ^TM- 
5^T ^ il : "'1 "''"« -^f ^^'liiiia, J^T^ili : * -lu 
atlas ol a <'(iiiiitry or the globe, it&5'>'®- i 'I'S- 
toriral atlas. ^oBS^E; '^ general historical 
atlas, mS^®: ^^s^itiu. Ml n^SHLU'i'k- 
aths tine (a term a[)|iiieil to pajier), ^^i(^. 

Atlas Imttertly, n. :I^BJ<.^- 

Atmosphere, n. Tin' aeritorm tliiiil s'lrrounding 
the earth. mmM^M- %'6SJt.m- %!. M 
M,'- vajionr, g(^ : air. ^: weight of the atmos- 
phere, %m.^^M.- height of the atmosphere, 
%l^iT^i(S- composition of the atmosphere. 
%M.%^^i'^fji' pervading intiuenee or moral 
atmosphere. JU^.^. Mf-&?. ilife'- 

Atmospheric, Atmospherical, n. Pertaining to the 
atmosphere. %m.(i^. %mJ'U'^ atmospjierie air, 
J51 ® M Jj^;^-^; atmospheric stones, meteoric 
stones, |5,^;5'; atmosjiheric engine, JM,^1J{^- 

Atom, )(. A i)article of matter so minute as to ad- 
mit of no division, li'^^'^. I^Jn'IIu'Kj. ^I^. 
WiU- >K%mii^'^f}- mrrBPi'jy; a parti,4e 
of dust, — liS^, — ^'^S; hne dust, such as 
is observed floating in the air. .§|i^: a very 
small particle, |J.^, g, y^. 

Atone, v.i. To expiate, j]^; to alone tor a crime, 
lill- Wii- nW ; to make amends. ||ig. p.* f|. 
P,g-/f;j^: lo reduce to concord, ^iiw^M'- '" 
atone for a crime by meritorious actions. }|f Jlj 
Jffp ; tines are imp(jsed lo atone for otTeuces. ^ 
■f^ilfjAiJ: .V'Hi have nothing wherewith to atone 
lor, ^p] jig. 

Atonement, n. Expiation for sin, /!f|p. Hfp^'. 
iilF-±.^- ftWIPilf : satisfact'ion made In- 
giving an eijuivalent for an injury, MW^iM. 
(in (.'himi). |£^X : to make sati.sfaction in the 
Chinese manner. f|:|tifl- #?'t:^I; to receive , 
satisfaction. pMI^-fX: concord, -g-^. 

Atoner. n. One who makes atonement for others. 
1X^^' one who atones for the sin of others. 

Atonic, a. Debilitated, $j:i^. gllg. ^ftfi^.^. ^|^, 
Atoning, pj^y- or «. Atoning tor sin, jtglf: : mak- 
ing amends. p,gf|. f| i-J-^j. 
Atop, ad r. On oval the toj.. ^g^Tll.^jniBl!. 1$1 ifU- 
Atrabilarious. «. AlVecled with melancholy, -g-j^ 

Atrapliaxis, )!. 0. 

Atrip, adr. Atrip as an anchor, ^j§ ; atrip as 

the topsails. ^Jti^lJ^'lil- 
Atrocious, a. Horrible. ?§J2,. ^^: oulrauvous. ^ 

?^.-^: very atrocious, iji^^-m^ fi»^S^fii 
Atrociously, ac/i-. In an atrocious manner, ^/^ 

Atrocity. ;?. Enormous wickedness. 5gJ2,. 511,^.^ 

Atroj)hv. n. A consuiiiptionor wastinu'of the flesh, 

Attach, r.^. To arrest. ifiS. Iff:. iSf:; to lay 
hold of property by writ. H'^^: to uttacdi. as 
to a document. Pf|)-; to attach at the end. pfjjg, 
•iSl-tH-ISl: to gain over. ?g^j : to attach 
a s!ipplement to a document. )f;5^^". to attach 
people's affections to one. ^,^*|5 ,(;;>. 114t&.K<5 : 
to attach to one's person, -t" A|f;^[^. 'ft- A/ti«§§ 

to win people's affections. H^g^,^. ^A^: 
to attach a seal. FftPfJ- -fr&PfJ; to attach to a 
girdle. '^\ to attach importance to, %k^.-^^, 
tAJl, PliS- 
Attache, «. One attached to the suit of a high 

officer. PI i,|:3f{,'^^.JBl ^• 
Attached. 2'^'- Taken by writ, %^%: connected 
with. Ji;/1\ ^ii. mh^i{±-M±- ai^pended, 
^\ih- il^iS : to be ardently attaciied to one's 
kindred, tf^lit^: mutually attached. iB ^, ;fa 

when brothei's live together in harmony, they 
feel mutually attached. fuiHL^: fond of. Bf: 
attached as a parasite, ^^: attached loan 
office, ^: attached to an embassy. {5]§)(^; 
firmly attached as things. PJflf^: firmly at- 
tached as one is to another. ^^. M'% ; he at- 
tached importance to what was said, i'^rjiig) 
Frit ±. IT ; attached to the niutli rank. "i^JiM,. 

Attaching, ppr. Taking by writ, ^ : winning the 
affections, 'i^. Ji^: fastening, ig, igf^: append- 
ing, ^\ : attaching importance to. f^g. 

Attachment. », A taking l)y writ, j-}^ : a writ 
of attachment. ^.L|f!, ^^fi,^': affection. #lit. m 


to feel affection for. .S.- 

* Tliis sentence should only !;e used by foreigners as a ' 
tille to a map of the whole world ; for the Chinese must lie 
practically disaljused al out their notion of the vastness of , 
their empire. 

^. m^. mm- 4m- W'^- mm- rnis^ ■- Jrreat 
or invincible attacluneut.)^||;f,^^."^^:;f;^. 
^ffi:^S. m^i&m- ^ll^^m. ^ft^: at- 
tachment to each other in friendship, f^i^: at- 
tachment to one as a butterfly is to the flower, 
A±,*i'^iuiM±^;d't:; «ome adjunct attach- 




td 1o an inslriuuoiit, &c., j^!}^, Ff'l Jf^- Wl';^' 
f^^'^A- *^^ffi<^'"'t <o ''™^tl ihelci'liiig-olattiK'li- 
iiH'iit, il<^^*fi; luutinil atlacljiLK'Ut, f^ifffl. 
Atlat-k, (■'.<. To aissault, J±, ^, JXil^ ^XW-- J± 
-ft'- WM- Jjcm- m^Jc ; lo iiivatkN gf:^, 'gfJi. 

to aliack one's rq.ulatiun, tIMA. l^WiA, SX 
K'j}^- PiA^Sl : to attack on botli sides, jff 
^, i^l^jliJJc : toallack witli iinlriendly words, 
.tH, A : U) attack with the iist. ^)('^, }^^WA. 
a $M; ^^ attack a city, {i( i;ii ; to attack as 
robbers, ^li$., ji'|,y; ; to invade or to nuxke a raid, 
Ixiy, ; to rush to tiie' attack, f%|!l^: friends 
sliouid }irolect and not attack each other, f)^'/^ 

Attack, n. The assault, jX^ '• to advance to the 

attack, m^X' mm- fi4T: i\i\m^ m^- iw. 

MM-'^ tliey made one attack, Ij"— .tjj, ^^juj, 
^7— liri ; he made an attack upon his character, 

• s^l^siflll; 'lipy I'lislii'd to the attack, ^•^■m^X '• 
a great attack. :k.M-'iU '■> '^ l''igiw<-l attack, f^ 

mi^ UsMix- 

Attackul, 2'1>- iXM^ iTM. ; lo be attacked. ^)X^, 
mi'- IJcS; lie attacked me, iUxX^U: 1 was 
attacked, -^fX^X- 

Attacking, JW- Assaulting, JX^J.tiH^; whilst 
attacking the city, Jfc i^ ^ [fi] : ^^^' belongs to 
the attacking parly, i^lk-9cij ^J"^- 

Attain, v.t. or /. To reach or aihievc, ^, f#jij, 

m^, m, m^i-m- n-JA^in^.rm-.^o attain 

. one'send. f#d,;i;. ?-tj illM- t^jSt^irfiHl; to attain 
to iierlection. as a ],roliss!(in. ^iS'JSft' ^" attain 
to superiority. 0; he attains to greater perfec- 
tion than myself, -(£1^^^ ; we can scarcely expect 

• to attain to the pcrieclion of a native in any 
foreign language. W$m^m'{^R±A±.'M- 
able to attain ones object, fju!il^ii.& '' '" attain 
literary rank, gf^': to attain to the degree of 
bachelor of arts. A^. 'Ml^f- Wh^ ■ Sl'SiS- 
•fffdj-:?]!: : to attain to the degree ot master of arts, 

^1{^, : to attain lo the iirst degree of master of 
nrls, r{jff%; lo attain to the degree of doctor 
of laws, it'Mi' ■ to attain to the first degree of 
doctor of laws. ^\^^^\ to attain to the degree 
of memljerof the InipcrinI Institute. ^S®[E§- 
%!^^hh'- t" attain the highest degree, %^^^^ 
I'll- 't'iKX' "liable to attain your desired end, 
tt»T-§ : toallain to by study, ^ilffif^ ;^. [ijBH 

Attainable, a. W\% P] |5 fli Wmi Pj li^fl}> PJ 

Am-, pj 4" fH, FT S, pf ^ f#iiJ. ^ m m * ; 

attainable by human strength. AlJJ'Jrab^- 
Attained, i^^.'^i^, Ai§- '\> i^, Si^; htiving 
attained to perfection. ISit/iIcJtl; satisfied, 
joyful from liaving attained one"s wishes, J^^ 
1: i m 

Attaining, ^rpy- 'i^.h S- A- 4'' ^'^^ attaining to 
the degree of master of arts. tfSiillllF- 

Attainment, v. tH^, ^^ ; attainment by study, 
^AWi^\i:^' attainii'ient of knowledge by perse- 
vering exertion. Hjlfi^n^" gi'fat attainments, 

Attaint, v.t. To taint, r^-j^^ v^§. -J^'J^. Jfi^; 
to find iiuiltv. f^|j=: to attaint with crime, |fe 


Attaint, n. A stain, l^j^.. Jfi^, ifej^- anything 
injurious, }^!|||: a woiUid on the legs or feet of 
a horse, .I^J^j^f^; a writ wliich lies after 
judgment against a jury for giving a false ver- 
dict in any court of record. T^r^pj. fi^- 
Attainted, pp. Stained. Jfij^M- j^fffl'j- 
Attainture. «. A staining. •J'jJ§ '. imputation. J^ 

Attar of roses, n. i'xiSl^\L^h- 

Attemper, v.t. To modify ity the mixture of cold 
water, flgfjji: to attem)ier by the admission of 
cold, j^Sil : to mingle in just proportion, ^j^fll, 

mm- fu^j, m^- %m-'j^, mm^, m^'K, 

Attempt, r.t. To try, U: WT'^ UM ■ 'o attempt 
to do. UilA- Sa® : to atteuipt all means. ^^ 
■fj ?#:• Jll ?f #^ tf:; to attemiit upon his life, 
UMx\U- tf endeavour. []', j]. i^Jg. WJ-%.1J- 
Pii}\ to attempt to rob o)ie. fi--j^Jl^i§; to 
venture, ^^. MM- 

Attempt, J7. An efibrt to gain a point. ^— ;i"f . tK 
— *^: no attempt at disply. fB'li^YiM- a rash 
afteuijit. l^^fT-: they made no attempt. '([ill§'S[), 
/(j5(|3] ll^fjj : thev failed in their attempt at steal- 
ing- im^J^M W- fiwCSiJ^ (^)- n^^Jk ■- tiify 

failed in their attempt ujjon his life, ^C^fiJ, 

Attempbtl. pp. Tried. MM- MPJiji- UiWM- 
Altempler. n. Une who allemjils. M'Il>'^-. 
Attempting, ?>/')■. Trying. ^. ^^X'. 
Attend, v.t.ov i. To accompanv, l^^j. p^fl^ f# 

|it^- [pHr- fl-fT- i^K!-- fAiil-: ''^ i"i'"'- ffliC^- 

«ii:>- &';[:>• ^7;t- i:bf:>- t: lo 1h' present on 
the spot. .ft. ^jM- J']I'&- JiJT; <" attend the 
sick. flgir^rtA: I" atli'ud to business. iJ/J^. f^. 


If- HV^ ft^- 1?;|f'- '•> «>'!■ "1' 0"*^ ♦^^ '^'*""^ 

lo Ijiisiuf'ss. 5fciiJfi(-{,i|f : iwt t<i ill lend lo business. 
^^^> ^JTf?fr?jf : '" allnid niif as a sorvnnt, 
Mt^A-'k-i- ^^yR- fiij (?; ■• '" -''tend 1o ono's 
• iwu aflairs. '-,^7^^. «^7tv^>. littUc B'-^'M- 
fjfTtC: my wishes shall altciid \»u. ;L-Tiifl'if^> : 
jiiay success allend youreflorts! Ci|?i§illK!fi".euvy 
attends {iros|)erity. it A".^ M "• ''> iitteud to more 
than one alTair. ^^J!]?. ^^JIR: to attend to the 
wordoffiod. if?;i^!ia3i- fS'l^'MmU- <"■'♦- 
tend at chiin-li. ^^^if<,^^.-?^^^.-^: to attend dili- 
i;-ently tonne's offi.-,.. fl'-^ fj [^P&BS: 1o attend 

upon a £>-nest. 

Pn'?? : '•' iitti'ud a I'luieral. 
'M%- jMlf- m^Ii- '^WC- '" '"' \vitlnn ''-i"- ;£ 
f^': to attend niiou orj- another. Jc'^HR^^ '" 
attend upon (iod. fl-^-Tif: to attend at .school, 
|g^: to listen, f^l^rii: to regard with atten- 
tion. ■j^Jt^flf: 1" attend to the duties of the 

iieopio, m!^^m- _ 

Attendance, j;. .\ wailing on. ^{^.^jt. ^^- f^^- 
:gpi: the persons attending. f#^^-. f?!;!'^^-, 
{£1^ A: '-i large attendance. AWl'IltiH-Hf-S? 
ffi§#'-^^- t" h;ive a servant in attendance. 
W'hT-HaM- ^f#ft : i^ i-pgnlar attendance at 
school. ^^^J.W^'MYi^ ■ lie died for want of 
attendance. ^BffM- 5E"idM APE : attention. 
^;jj. : audience at court. |gf^. 

Attendant, a. Accompanying. J^. S51?|. ?^^, 
M''M- ShM ; f'onnected with, jg, fiii]. 

Attendant, n. One who lielongs to a train. J^ Jj£. 
m&^- Mm^ it^ri- fi-Pl- '^ff^• >]-^-^3i : a. wait- 
ing- iiov. f4f fp : one who wails upon another, J\^ 
^A, fi^^A- 5)£f#±A: master attendant, ^n 
^; official attendant. ^p-lSifx ; chief attend- 
ants, |g.g ; attendants to His Imperial Majes- 
ty on horseliack. i^^^s%i^ ■ attendants on His 
Imperial Majesty, 'fll'f] z'.:fr- <'^J'- UM.: at- 
tendants (general tcrml. ^t^-il^-'KMiA, 
■fKlMilA, ^A: 111'" four classes of attendants 
on His Imperial ilajesty are; — %\\^- tliose in 
liis immediate presence : f^vic. those who follow 
him : ^$|, his left or principal attendants; :}^ 
555. his right or secondary attendants. 

Attended, fp. Accompanied. liSi^ : having at- 
tendants, WfflA. WI^-«-- Wifit- ^iLtiA, 

mmm; served, ^^[jifA. wf#fr- _ 

Attending, ppr. (ioing with. pSfr- \t^M'- heing 
present, ;^. P^;^. 

Attention, «. Care. ;]>ji^.. Ig,^. ^i}j>.^i\j.^)^, 
■ii>b- Jliltt- MI'S- flliC"- Um^- attention to 
one's business. f^':^M '■ all re(iuire the undivid- 

.( 71 ) ATT 

cd attention. Jfl) l!^|= ^ ;ij> : to pay attention to 
what is said. {5>6!i- ^/lJEUh^- nT^U-^tlfi^: to 
]iay attention lo a person, fjlf f^^ A. f^lpf^a 
f^"- i-UWi^i^- Ite^n/i' : '" ^"I'tv \^'i''' ri'i'at atlen- 

lion. 1®. ^j#i, iabi«. ill :;j ^#- m^ 

^^: he |ia\s noalienliou to what is said. ffJ 
PJHIn,^- i\lUm)k- "fliigi: '"• i'ays no atten- 
tion to his work. |iK jfl ,i% j,:^ X efe- ?!S -5 f:^^ !lf 
(]!iH>- fi'iilf/:/"?;^ I ;|i<: divided attention. jjl>llf 

Cr^^ifiP^.ii'iS : loallraet at lent ion, f^ [^ ^'-p. || 
A'i!l'>n : lo luin one's altenlion to other duties, 
\!,XM- i^PT'- '" pay altenlion to tlie poor, $([{^ 
It "i^i A- MKft5:^': pay attention to him, 
M\i±'B^ ^H%'M ■ 1" 'l'i'''''t attention to, J| 

Attentive. «. lleedtul. th,l-.. ^^Z^. J-^. ]]]Z^. {;'» 

)i^- Ihj6. iij^ffi- i/?*ij«- iiJ^- \±M- 'iSM- ]dM, 

mu- m^- SI- 1^^?- 'ms- ic£!^. ^B- ®' 
fflf- ^i^i- )Kl- iii4«i§ii^t niimm^ -j^.tmrn; 

an attentive ear, ■{i7 ju- }f|. : to Ije attentive la 
business, mUUm- Wi^- ^'Vim- to be 
attentive to one's ceudnct. m^iMaM^W^^ 
be attentive at school. fij.l^lBff; Ijc attentive 
to Your duty. ^MM^- 
Atleiitively. rtrfcT 'Carelully. ifj]jij., Wm^ ^f<S; 

with fi.xed attention. ^;^', ^)ii«- 
Attentiveness. v. Attention. )J>;5. ut'fJ'- 
Atlenuant. a. Making thin, aslluids. -glill^g, fid 

Atti'uuate. v.t. To make less consistent, fi;'f^65 "■ 
I wisli it more dihitcd. mU-h ^m^- ^f^f 
(\'i- mf:LUWh m^- to pulv<'ri/.e. ff^. ^\j^ 

Attenuated, pp. or r(. Made thin, as fluids, f-Iii^fjl 
d'.} : attenuated with grief. ^f\iyil. '^^^ ; com- 
niinuled. ^Iffl. £Ij||]. ^=^{Si. ^i^Fii* : growing 
slender toward tlie extremity. ^i^'J^. 

Attenuation, u. The act of making thin, as fluids, 
^f<§^'- i^'M^- making fine, as solid sub- 
slanci's. m"^^, ; the act of making lean, jjii^yf ; 
the process of growing slender. ^!j^^ ; the act 
of making slender. \^'J^^. 

Afteration. n. The forming of land by the wear- 
ing of the sea, WP'M- Wil&^M- 

Attest, v.t. To teslifv, bear witness, g!f. gj. f^^ff, 

f^ffi. *pu. m^n- f^iiig' i^nm- ^m- :t 

Attestation, n. Testimony. |§t|. ^ffi- iS^'- Q 
Attested. 7)^). or rt. Proved by testimony. ^^^, 




Attfstin--. pi>r. Witiu'ssing to. ff^lg, i^mi^-M 

n'l!--; affirming in support of. i{M'-W- 
Ad'st'or, n. One who attests. fS A- mi^- iRtl 

A\{U;n. I'crtiiining to Attica, iS M ^/D Jife!'^. " 

iSJifeflllfKj. m^kw-i- 

Alticul. a. I'crliiiniiig to Atlioiis. S'^l^^-I- #11 

F^;classieMl, ^I'lfl. l^Hfj'j. 
Attire, v.t. To dress, ,^^. ^^. ^'^'|2- ^'^ 

^^ ; to adorn, ^kW- Wkift- I^St t^'Mc- fil&ji- 
Attiro, ,1. Dross, ^^f. ^I-:;;. HRi'iJI : li'i'''*' ^fe'- 
Ail irod.p/^. Dressed. -:g--S^^g.S-i§^;i£;deL-kod 

widi ornaments, !|i;HiIJi^. 
Altitide, V. Tiie posture or jiosilion of a i>ers(in, 

mT, mm^ ^i'ii- im- w^- -m^- r^^ik- ^ 

■ 1 neoling altiliule. ^iMWMi '■ 'H =i" C'l'*^"''' ''"'- 

Jij|: to pres;^r\e a tirin attitude, :^>MiLt^-:kW 

Altoilcnt, )!. Elevator muscle. |fB)t!i;J:JL- 

Attorn, v.i. MMW(^'.- 

Attorney, n. An acent or factor. iUlft'^- ftS^% 

-:i<, ; one who is legally qualified to act fur an- 
other. in eoiirts of law, M-iVt^W^'^^ UkU • fi*" 
loruey in Chinese courts, flijigr, SM"? fi'j- f"^ 
«^ k'-lff 7^ '^ . %^ ^ flili fflT; a ttorney for prosecu- 
tion, :jg,'J,- : attorney-general, an officer appoint- 
ed to manage liusiness for the state or public, ^ 
m^kt^, fCfnf.'Kfl^. ^'^m ; power of attorney, 

AttorneyshiiJ. n. The office of an attorney, ^X^ 

Attorning, ppy. Acknowledging a new lord, Jg 

Attract, v.t. To draw to. or to cause to tend to- 
ward, as niauiiet. ^y. toattract. as other matter, 

m^^m^l '7135, 'llffl- '7i^, gi!f -^il^na: 

ij., If igi ; to attract one's eyes, 3|@ ; to attract 
universal attention, fiSl[|AjLJ>0 ; toattract all 
hearts, f^-^ A)^, ^^511 it- ^i.^S^Kf^ : 1"^ at- 
tracts the eyes ef all the world. iJ%T AlT-B : 
to allure, ijj^f , fJf.f]->j\.pif,\\m^\A- ^o-aWrM-i 
by words, Slf'g'jl A : fo entice l)y lieauty, i'i'[l^ ; 
toattract by luvatli, t^'H- ^\m- 
Attractable, n. That mav lie attracted, p]"^, pj" 

Attracted, i^p. Drawn toward, as by magnet, ^ 

* iiitm&mm±.i^-Jj 

•^ : attracted as by other matter, ^ft-iB, 5|Jtl 
}§.■ SfiJijS: drawn toward, as men"s hearts. 
?Hi§Ai6: it attracted my eyes, WM^S : it 
attracted universal attention. JSiSAj^H • at- 
tracted by beauty. mmWiif.- fmt.U- Plfjig 
SET>t#^Pll; allnred, 5|r.1i§. iJlfiil. 

Attracting, ppj-. Attracting, as magnet, ^: at- 
tracting, as other matter. ^:^. ^|J[f. ; attract- 
ing, as something unusual, ^@, SJ|@ ; allur- 
ing, ^I^f . 

Attraction, n. The force or law which draws l.iod- 
ies towards each other. ;tg!S, ifl^t- ffi'7I' ^:?[- 

-JS : attraction of gravitation. It^- 'iK ■;;, i'J /j : 
rapiilary attractiim. '^^\: Ciili(\-;ivo attraction, 
^:^i^\ : attraction of the earth. J'JJillK^I : olect- 
ivo attraction. 'iUIj^S- WM^tm^ '#jFf^il±. 
m- |^fil±Ji: allurement. iJIs^^, (Jifif/: a 
woman of great attraction. 4^1$;^ A- t^^S^ 
A, SJc^^,^; a person of great attraction. ^ 
M^'^- ^H'^i, A: mutual attraction, as 
men, i^glJ. i^atf, ^fifi. 
Attractive, a. Attractive, as matter, S^-^fi^, §[ 
-^6^ ; attractive, as a woman, if ^ : attractive, 
as a child, ^^a; attractive eyes, ||[n. ff^'llR. 
Enj{. if ^l-fi'tHJi: attractive to ilie eyes, ^QP^. 

ii@fr.:|. Wltflfl^J-iTilim- 
Attractiveness. V. Attractiveness of matter, ^^ 
±1*- ^Iffi^- i^?i±."t^: having the power of 
j engaging, as a woman, iClH^- ^4i§ti- i^^ 
! ^%U attractiveness of persons in general, Hlg 
^^ ; allurement, ?i;;f±.:|f.'ji|!i%|f: engag- 
ing to the mind, B^'L^B ^i- ^\%K>bti. 
] Attriliiitable, a. That mav be ascribed, nflf 1}^. 

j Attribute, i-.t. To jioint to, as a cause, l.^j?^.SfrJ^. 

- mm- £f 0- -fe^- 1^- »^. 1^^- ^i± : to 

attribute to laziness, BfMHS'lf ■ ,W^M1f ±i^. 
0,"©.M]fi))t!5 : to attribute to liad management, 

{mm>i^tin- m^^-^^ti^mm ■ to attrib- 
ute to the (-(mtlagratinn, ■^ i^x'K^i '^M '■ to at- 
tribute to instability of character, Mil^Z-'Miij - 
to attribute to one's self, 'i-f^;S,fSi- Siif^SM- 
Attril)ute, n. That which is considered as belong- 
ing to, or inherent in, ^^i^. JS^^- Sii^ 
n', p"nK- fiH : ic'pntation. >M1S ■ the attri- 
butes of (iod, J:^-<^mit4: a distinguishing 
mark, |^ ; an adjective, §) ^ : the attril)ute 
good mav be applied to liim, ffePlim^^, # 

Attributed, j>^<. Ascribed, j^^^ t$1&', every body 




altributcd it to (he storm, A AJW^fE^-ni- 
AKrilMiting. ppy- U^- ^1i^- mift- fm- 
Allriliution. ?). Tlic quality nscribnl, twlil^^^ 

B"ffi^tifl^; comnK'ud^ition, sM^^-IT- 
Attribiifivo. (-(. rcrtaiiiiiig to au allribiito, Jj^iJ^ 

^'14; a word significant of an attributp. fj''?. 
Attrito, a. Worn ))y rubliing or friction, ^il^. 
Attrition, *i!. Adrasion, i?^, U^-i% Jg-Ji: tlio 

lowpst dpgroe of roponlancc. 'Igfjl 1^4'-. i;^|p±. 

Attune, v.t. To iuno. ^i$^^y^_. fjg^UisW- 
Attuned, pp. fiifijlilj;.:^!. MililW- 
Aii))urn. a. i;cddish brown. J^IJTfi- M^< HE- 

Auction. )!. Auction by notes, f^^^JxW- Pnt^-t^Ji 
'Ut^il-Q!- Wi^'- '1 public sale of property to the 

highVst bidder, ii^. ^in'^.nmi^- km, ai 

sell )jy auction. iUJS;: oidered to be sold liy 

auction, ^'ft'^fj. pMr^UiK'- auction room, 

?«<={j-M; auction bill. pfnUS^. 
Auctioneer, «. ^|^. j^^A- »iSK^. tiiiSit 

^-- tUSff. 115 j^f^. 
Audacious. «. A erv daring. ^^, gnjft. Ml:- if 

±- ±m- mm- mf^-, S^l^- ai^-- impudent, 3Ht 


Audaciously, (a/r. In an imjiudent manner. ^J^ 

±n^ -mmmm- mm^ \-fimufr, lo act 

very andaciouly, |?^'-3H^x[{jx. 
Audaciou.'^ness, n. See Audacity. 
Audacity, n. Boldness. MM- ^f^- M^- W-5E* 

ffi-fgait^nifi- ^)lU|i$: impudence. M^ujfg. 

Audi))Ie, (I. I'en^eivable by the ear. ^if^;^, M-M' 

Audience, n. bVccjition to an interyiew with a 
sovereign. mSl^ #ji- ^M- IfMl'lJJ#- AM- 
W} ^i- ^^jlS; '" have an audience ol the emperor, 

m%, mm- tm- m^ix'P- sl^'^- <" liave 

an audience of a king. j^J. f^ff, gifg; lo 
request an audience with a supei'ior, J^Jl- ta 
M' jJ^H'- to have a private audience, iy^^^ 
SQ. f/JS; an assembly of hearers, ?4Jf|;^A> 

Audi.'nc<'-liall, ». pjj^, ^m, ^1^. |jj5f, •^:]lif. 

Ai'.dit. r. ?. Td examine an account or accounts. ^ 

j§t. t D • ® .!§^ t p • mmm n - fetst-^ @ , m^ 


Audit-office, n. Wl^-UHiKif]- M:M'&^- 
Auditor, n. A hearer. %$.^;. jf*jM^" : a jierson ap- 
))ointed and authorized to examine an account 
or accounts. mm^Lt:, lt®i:0 ^-- ISIiiD 


Auditor-General, n. i^P^HS- .^Mlf-'g'. 
xVuditorship, n. The office of an auditor. S^..||^;J^ 

Auditory, a. Pertaining to t lie sense of hearing, 
Wi&U- ISMM- SM5f- l*6V. auditory nerves, 
MKfh illfffi; auditory foramen, If.JL- IT IE. 3 
PI- fflli- 

Auditory, n. An audience, '^,l^.f;-'^M^'-^ place 
wiiere discourses are delivered, B^fr'J^- pI|SM> 

Auditress, n. A female hearer, '^^M- 

Auf, ?i. &'e Fool. 

Auger, n. |||, if Mif?- 

Auget, «. A tube filled with powder, used in ex- 
ploding mines. 'AHm, ^CII^I- 

Aught, )i. Any thing, indefinitely, "^y^^i^. P§ 
t^-lL m- 'Z^lk:^Mim ■■ any pait, —^ ■ a .V't, 
— Ii5- —^i" •• foi- aught I know, JS^.JjJf ji ; never 
does aught, ^^J^Jj^]. 

Augment, r. t. or i. To enlarge, ^^. |5:§. :k.^^ 

%±A- M^^ iim ; to add to. iim., it^- mm, 

m^ ; to increase, iZ/Dif, B^; to multiply, 7/D 

Augmentaljle, «. plflU'tl}. Wi|f#- rT?^f#- 

Augmentation, «. The act ot making larger, |5;^ 

^:s. it-x^z.t^- m<^^ ^±^^ m±m ; tiie 

act of increasing. ;/|l if. M-{^, ; the thing added, 

Augmentative, n. Ihiving the power or quality of 

augmenting, Mm'-i if^fti Hm^U- 
Augmenter. n. lie who auijnienls, li^^, ^^ 

fi- n-^^. iiwrn^- iim^- mm^i- 

Au.gmenting, ]>pr. Increasing, ;//DJf ; enlarging, 

Augur, n. Une who pretends to foretell future 
events by omens. See Augurer. 

Augur, r.j. or<. To fmetell future events by the 
flight of birds, ^,ii5l§ bl^'a ! to conjecture by 
signs and omens, ^^lil'Ii ifii tllh'l^y, i!^yra$; 
to prognosticate, ^ i\.. ^. ^if, i>|Iv ^jlj-^; it 
augurs well. iT^[i DO. ■^^[£ ; it portends evil, 

Augured, pp. Conjectured liy omens, f^j^. lU;^. 
Augurer, «. An augur, I>tl»^-, ^^j^^. M^ 

August, a. Grand, ^i|, ^^., J^^; inspiring 


( 74 ) 


rovorenec and awo, gJtlJi'^?;??. t|j?Ji^i^I ; au- 
gust Piiiiiornr. ^[. }f:'i: aug'iist cinpross, ^ 
^, iJi-4]'^: .■iiiniist (inpros mullier, ^ -IcJfi ; 

' aiigiih;! la_'a\fii. ^^^ ; august houourablo ladies, 
^jB; august sovereign. ^^. 

August, n. The eialitli month of the year, -^A ^ , 

Auguslana. «. Aun'ustau eoufcssion, Hlffil^jE 

Augustness, n. (irandeur. I^SJ,. 

Auut, «. Paternal aunt, ^{{j^:. ji{ik^.j:fim, jlM- 
jrfi ; the elder or eldest sister of the father, 3^ 
t!^#, Z:^|^# ; the one next to the latter, 5"J^ 
•f^ ; the oldest of the father's younger sisters, 
jlfii.^; the one next to the latter. IZf(iJi^\ ma- 
ternal aunt, elder, j^ilSj:. :}^J0y, younger aunt. 
WM, ']\1t^ ; general terui for aunt. |)jli,i;. f^k!^. 
JS.^M' iiiolher's foster sisters, ^|)j: father's 
elder brother's wife, fr'liij". a fathers younger 
brother's wife, M^M- iliiif ". mother's brother's 

wife, ^A^. rji-ni:. i^m- 

Aura, 11. A gentle current of air, ^M. fm^;^®,- 
Aurated, a. Resembling gold, ^^■ 
Aurelia, n. Chrysalis, ||^' ; the chrysalis of a man- 
tis, ^m- 

Aureum malum, 11. ff'ifilff. 

Auric, fi. Pertaining to gold, .#f)^J, i^P^iE; auric 

acid. ^It, M^. 
Auricle, n. 'i'he external ear, If^. 
Auricled. a. Having appendages, like ears, ^If. 
Auricula, n. 5^^£^. 
Auricular, a. I'ertaining to the ear, Iffi^. M^U^ 

ir-J5r!i^'- aui-icular confession. Pff Jf -g- 1? ; 

secret, fj^. 
Auriferous. «. That yields gold, ^. ^P^. ^^, 

^M''i- ^'d.\^±- UiM'r- auriferous ore, ^ 

ri- ^f;/^: looking like gold. ^^^^. 
Aurora, n. The rising lia'lit of the morning. 5^Sjfp 

xwb- 5icji. liiiintQ- xfm- mm- &y^i'h 

Aurora bnrcalis. /;. :|l:f^^ir- it^M'- aurora aiistralis. 

Auspice, n.:pl. Auspices. The omens of an under- 
taking, ^l-y|I. ^yi£. ffeDfl. BDJi- fMli: patron- 
age, tliyi'. tgil. /Jtii: "'"ler one's auspices. 

Auspicious, a. Having omens of success, if^IiSfl, 

w^]i- fm- JSff't- fm- nmm- -ti- #■ ff ■ w 

^li^j : an auspicious day. -^ H . fj 0.. ij- ^. 
Auspiciously, adv. Hapi)ily, ^. 
Austere, a. Kough and astringent to the taste, iJ^ 

mt ^mi- rigorous. ^^'11. j^tr, Jiil^.ia 

fiS- fim- mm- §m- mi: n>ugh. e|i. 

Austerity, a. Severity i<f manners. i)|jf[^. Kii;l:i'- 
Austral, «. Soutiiern." |^:^Pa, ]l]1]k- '3ilf] #6^J ; 

the austral region. ifftiJJf,://- 
Austral-Asia. * «. i!!iH55mm;J:1tl^W- 
Australia, «. ?[i J^" -JJf; ^^^ ±,ff : another name for 

New Holland. ^Irfujli^iiSlJf^?- 
Australian, a. Pertaining to Australia. WiWM^^ 

Australian, n. Wi^'^'MA- 

Austria, n. M-lffiiSS, ilKl- H-IS- 

Austro-Eayptian, a. Southern Egyptian. i^,^5 

Authentic. Authenlical, n. True. ]&.. ^% '[^^ 

fi^j, MWrKj. Hf(£6i rit^^- ft'jiiiEi'i'i ; "'' -'i'- 

]U-oyed authority. Wu^tl^- W^lt- fl JH^lg- 
WIM'f- frBgi^ : authentic history, rtotlW 
f^ ; authentic rerords (a term used by the 
Tauists), ,pL|i?. JJ^I^ : authentic documents 
(deed of sale). Jl^, pfj|?- 
Authentically, adv. In an authentir luanie-r. ^t 
^^ ; with the reiiuisite autlioritv, 'gc^i, jSfii^ 

Authenticate, r.t. To render authentic, i(.M^. 
§iW.'K- ^0 determine as genuine, ^iMW.'v(' 

Authenticated, ^j/j. Eendered authentic as a deed, 
^iSnU-l^&i^FfJ-tTiiEn^'letermined as genuine, 

ftiiri^?i- j£3i:i.fei- m^ifm- 

Authenticating, 2>P>'- t^^'iving authority )jy the 
necessary signature, as the emperor, ^cjlt- ^ 
:g.^^ ; aullienticaling by affixing seal. Ff^pP- 

Authenticatiim. n. The act of authenticating ))y 
signature. ^i^tiTj. ^^. I^PP : autlientication 
1)V the affixing of the seal. ^f[] : confirmation. 

Authenticity, n. The quality of being authentic, 
W'l^., fiMB- rrStl;;" genuineness. ^^ 

Author, n. Originator, f/jjt^- t'.ii V^- (llJia^'. 

-ri-mrZ ■• inventor, SIU^-. JfriU /^. fjjJI^- 
|;j$:Jf^:a-; (heauthoref a book, f^^'^"- ff^ft^ 
''a-ff^«ri^jA--?%*^--iS«^-j "le principal 
author. '\^\%: assistant author. ,',||J^ : to l.iecouio 
an author, jif {Jifi, ; to be an author in order to 
sui^port one's self. i^I^l:^^^. ^M^^'^ 

* jlt*aM38r(wl58, JM.m^±\h±m- 




the first cause, ^%,#t|^. icf^J ; the author of 
happiness and misery. fMlM^^- the author 
of life and deafli, ^3^,-^^ : lie is the author 
of my fortune, ^■^Wi^(ilLJ'J(^ '■> ^^^^ author 

Authontative, a. Having due authority, f^l^, ^ 
m^ Wff!# ; peremptory, ^^M- 'Ji^it- 

Aullmritativelv. adv. In an authoritative manner, 
m\ll mm'nm- m^-, ^vith due authority, 

Authority, n. Legal power, ff |A, fflfj^. }^W.\] 
control or g(i\ernmcnt. ^-f.^". !?■ 'M '• iuHuence, i 
m^ #lBt- M- M-T- iJSffiJ- !S !!!■•• tlie authorities, 
gr, -g-g : evidenei'. j!^.^ : warrant, ^ : to have [ 
autlioi-ity or jiower, ^m- Wtf ^*- Ml Ml 
ittt ili. #tfl ; to grasp authority or power, 
3?#t iiji; authority and office, ^f ft ; the 
national authority is in his hand, P^j'l'ffi'fll^' 
he has authority for what he says, ■^;#.i^ : he 
is my authority, ff^^/;-^^^•|l. ffe^t^^ : quoted 
from the best authorities;, 'j'ilc- 4||t ; ''J im- 
perial authority. fK.'iL- fllxE. ^fil ; of suspected 
authority, Z^tm- Z^ft- tl 

Authorization, v. The act nf giving authority, ftf.'. 

\m- mm- ^m- mn ^m-' 

Authorize, r. t. To give aulhoritv, {%^. 5il.|f|, Jf 

m- '^m^k- m^^A' im&r^M- ^ ■■ <" 

issiir a wan-ant for iii)j,rehending a thief, jlj^ 
A'M ; to give legal power, ff Jjj ; to authorize 
or disapprove officially. Hk%x. - to authorize a 
person to do something, f^j^A^f-^- 

Authorized, jjp. or a. ?f|~f . 

Authorship, n. The (puilitv nf heing an author. 

Autoliiography. n. ^Ii'umirs of onr's lilo written 

by one's self, ^^^:^\%. 
Autochthon, v. One who springs trom the soil he 

inhabits. ±^;:/A. i-ni^- m^.n\i5,:^± 

^PgSt; an aboriginal or native, TJiJiA- T^i 
A. ±A- 

Autochlhonic, Autoc/hthonoiis, <(. Indigrnous, 7|i 

Aulocrai'v, 9). yii|ircine uncontrolled aulhoritv,^ 

mm- Q±±,m- mtiLm- nK±.m-^ 

Autocrat. Aulocratiu'. n. An aljsohite sovereign, 

n ±±1-* «#±t- mwmtk- m^m^ 

Autocralir, Autocratical, «. Absolute, f^^ii^, 

Autocratrix, n. A female absolute sovereign, g;£ 

Autograph. Autography, n. A person's own hand- 
writing, urn-, ^m' m^mm- iir^^^. fi^ 

m U ^^ U m- n « ^■. li ail^ 5^P|f ; an 
original uuanuscript, |f;f ft ; the king's au- 
tograph, fnf.. mm- is3*% a?«- 

Autographic, rf. Pei-faining to an autograph, '^^ 

Aulomatic, Autouuilical. c(. I[a\ii)g Ihc power of 
moving itself. nfJhmWi- Piail^m^- QcS 

I't M m- u a ii^? ii ^lic-- e ^{i 1" f J- C]Wi^m; 

automatic arts, |}S!)|^±|K. 
Automaton, n. A self-moving machine, |^) fj^^, 
WliL^M '■ a nuichine which mnvcs by invisible 
machinery, ^fji^l^, f^'f J SiHnliP/rJ^ ; self- 
moving images. ^^-It f!^tij!|, P^cyjilli, fjfT 

Automatous. r(. Having in itself tin' power of luo- 
t ion, g liff fm- g Ii@<^15l'^- ^ fS® 6'J. 

Automasy, «. A word of common signification 
used for the name of a particular thing, *jyjj^ 

AutoiKUUoiis, a. ludeiiendent in government, fij 

Autonomy, «. The power of self-government, g 

Autop^:y. 9i. Ocular view. ^'^|. 

Autumn, n. M- ^%: autumn senson. fK%-fK 
^. f^/^ ; the harvest time. ^Bi-^m-mK-t 
Spring and Autumn, '^fX, is one of the l<'ive 
Classics and may be called Mirror of Govern- 
ment ; commencement of autumn. jifK- ^1^ : 
autumn is not so warm as summer, f'AJxffH 

Autumnal, a. -^. fX%^ ^X%^&:- fXX^-^ au- 
tumnal equinox, t^X^'- autumnal sky, -^•:^; 
autumnal sacrilice. f^^, ^^. ^. ^^; the 
autuiunal assizes, fX'^- 

Auxiliar, Auxiliary, a. Helping. t|/;f)fj. ilfli/yfKj, 
^WU- subsidiary. m\1]{\'}- M(V-i- auxiliary 
troops, l\l]&. ^^iS, lili:^ : auxiliary verb, %'i^ 
^ ; auxiliary words, expressions or euphonic 
particles uKcd for inlerpunction and other gram- 
matical forms. X tli^fltfl- ^jJmiM I «iu auxiliary 
force, ^f:. 

Auxis, 91. JMackerel, ^^^. 

Ava, n. The capital of ]5irmah, |^j|ij:. IpHfeJlX 

* ^, oinperor; 3{, king 
male sovereign. 

I", piincc; S±, qneen or fe- 

t The latter expret.sion refers to the harvest of wheat, 
i See author's Grammar, P. I. pp. 100—108. 




Avadavat, n. An East Indian bird, much kept b}' 
the natives in cages on account of its pretty 
plumage, ^^fE'^. 

Avail, v.t. To turn to advantage, ^. J|. JB, W 
^; to avail one's self of an opportunity, ^f^ 

#■ iSfi^ mn^ m\^^ m^m- si#- jifit- 

ii- s fsg- Mfs- ^?s- ^ri- mB- It avails 
nothing. 4m ^, teju, |$<r!v *s;^. w-fe^ Jn> 

H^fi- ^^'i *f' '1^''^'' ot' an experienced hand, 

son for excuse', 'fits , ^SC, ±. ^iJi%-%- 
P3iJW. ^yt. fif^; to avail of strange words 
to make it known, Jif ||"h ^Tti; to avail of 
violence, l'^^^,- 

Avail, v.i. To be of use, ^^■, to answer the pur- 
pose, gg, ^; what docs it avail? ^fiijii- 

Avail, 71. Profit, fij^, ^^. ^^. 

Available, a. Advantageous, ^^, fg |B, Yft^^i: 
profitable, ^^ij ; having sufficient strength, ;^j 
JS., 1]^^. Wftlffifl^: 'itfainable. Piitm^A- 

Availal)leness. n. Efficacy in promoting an end in 
view, i/|i#, Wii; legal force, ^^; validity, 

xf: a ■ 
Availing, ppr. Turning to profit, ^, ^; availing 
ourselves of this opportunity, ^^^^, ^fi^, 

^#, ^il, '#!,*• ' r±f'J- 

Avails, 71. pL Profits or proceeds, ^ij, ^iJit, j^/rli^ 

Avalanche, 71. A snow-slip, ^.^, '#. j'f ; a large 
body of earth sliding down a mountain, l^|[g : 
a sudden impulse of human masses, 1$ l^lfi)^. 

Avant-courier, n. A fore-runner. %^Z' M^R- 

Avant-guard, n. ^^, IWi^ytM- 

Avarice, 7). Covetousness. ^)\j, p^, M^^ IS??. 

Avaricious, a. Covetous, 'g'j^, ;^^. ^'^, :§^, 

)i:-<»ii- nM'K, ffdU- ^'j#> tijr*: iz-^jS- ^- 

M- Itfll- if'^jS; ^Ji avaricious fellow, ^\]^9i, 
mmk ■■ ,!^i''vdy offirers, ^lli^t, :^I''J'B% S 

mt^ M*Jit- }!■&•- f5*' ?l^£; gi-eedy of 

weallh. ^JU ; an avaricious magistrate, ^^ 

mm- " 

Avatar, 7). The incarnation of the Deity. Tfijf^yC^- 
Ave, «. An al)lin'\iiiti(]Uof A\e llaria (hail IMary). 

Avenge, r. ^. f.}), fgft, ffi?[&- fB*^, SIJi, fSfl- 

Avenged, pp. ^'Mi^ WA'M- Si§il- 
Avengement, n. Vengeance. fK^^-, SIS.^"' 

Avenger, 71. One who avenges, f^{ft,^> WM^^ 

sm±A, %^-- 

Avenging, ppc. Executing vengeance, fg^. 
Avens, 71. The herb bennet, |i,||J^. 
Aventurine, Avanturine, n. ij^Mfi- 
Avenue, 71. A passage, ^^-f, ji|i^-. [^f§, j]>J5 ; 
an avenue between trees, 1-fl}ji±,S§, JHHil^, 

Aver, V. t. To affirm with confidence, ^f?!', 5^^, 

"!K'iS:- Kb"' /^Ift^ 'i^s"- 

Average, 7i. A mean proportion, in.^±§\, :^p}t], 
±Pm, Z>:kZ>>h, -X^- ±M. ; on an average, 
i;#5-i;M^#;^; to take the average, m±^T, 
U^li'P^ M-n^t!-. U^:t&c; average price, 
f^KM • petty average, a small duty or bonus paid 
to the master of a ship for his care of the goods, 


Averment, n. Affirmation, W-M^^i^- 
Averruncate, i-. ^To root u]i. ^^1^; to prime, f^ 

Averrhoa carambola, 71. )t^i\k- jr-il- 

Averse, a. HavLng a rej>ugnance of mind, ij^, (Jj^ 

m, mm^ mm^ tm>z^'^is.- <o disuke, 4 

averse to writing, P5^^,t?.l5, /p^^^HJiS; bo 
not averse (disinclined), :^;'j:!p, ;^i'Q ; averse to, 
M'^i ; averse to poetry, MTi^i'^^^'^ ; to be averse 
to food, lit- Hg^.+J.t- 

Aversely, «c/t-. With repugnance, JJ;,^. 

Aversion, 7i. |p(^. ; aversion to a person, 4|;^S, ^| 
M. 'It;^. i^^; aversion to food, B^.^jf, 
1 have an aversion to her, Pg^#(ji. ?lstt^f|j. 

Avert, r.i. To turn from or awav. j^. ^R. <5fi, |5^, 

fii. ii, Ki, ^$, m- m- fi. i'i!i- m M^m^-, 10 

avert calamity, ^^#4, fiftijj, ,|i|W, j^'il^, gfij/^. 

%Vm^ Mil- Mtii- iii/4 ; to avert calamities of 

fire, 'MtK'^h 'MiK^%'^ to keep away from, ^j6J, 

j§M; 10 avert a blow-, {/^iW. 
Averted, ^J/'- Turned away or from. jaiSi ifciS) 

^ii- #M- •ii-'j i§- ^ff ii- f|;S : averted, as a 

blow, mJA- 
Averter, u. Une who averts, as calamities, '^jj^ 

^. IKp/'i^' ; '11 China this is done by a j^" ^A 

Aviary, n. A huilding lor keeping birds confined, 
m»>m^ «,tt». «,^M- "g",iim : an inclosure 
lor aviary. ,%^ ; a bird cage ^f^. 

Avidious, a. Eager. J^. ^. ^,. 

Aviditv, 71. Creediness, ^. ^gf;, ;^,5. i(/-g4$, 

Avignon berry, u. The fruit of the I'hamnus in- 


( 77 ) 


fectorius, used as a yellow dye, ^^^ (?). 
Avocado, )?,. The name of a ^\'est India fruit, Upp 

Avocat, n. See Advocate. 

Avocation, n. The business which calls aside, ^ 

#, >]^|r#; li's daily avocation, ^M- 
Avoid, v.t. To keep at a distance from, ^, /p 

ii£; to flee, m,y":^-(ffL'^-u-mm^m'^^ 

to evade. f/J. IJ^. f/JiSf. T^^- 'tofd- J^^-^- p. 
a ; to avoid cahunily. j^M- il*- l)ii^^^ii(4 ; 
to evade a blow of a sword, f/tl^lj. j^JJ ; to avoid 
a blow of the list. [^3¥ ; to avoid danger, ^H,. 
Mfk''' ^° fivoid the hot weather, M^', toavoid 
one's creditors, ij^fi^: to avoid luckily, #j^. 
^jg ; confide in ihe virtuous, but avoid the 
mean, g-^J^f^'J^ APjfP: to shun lewdness, 
3lKfii J^^'fS-'' ^" i^void trouble. ''^^■, to avoid 
heavy expenses, i^'^^JH: to avoid mentioning 
the name of one departed, ^,=^. ; a spear openly 
discharg'd at you is easy to avoid; but it is 
difficult to guard aiiainsl such as are dis- 
charged in secret. BjJJt^ll/ISBff ^411^ ; lo 
nmke void. 2^^. 36;.^ ; to guard against, (Jg^, 

fm^ mm- 

Avoidable, a. 'I'iiat mav be avoided. |i]'^. pT^ 

n^ mi^ wis^ vsmk- is§- wki- \m^ ^ 

Avoidance, «. Tlie act of shunning, ^. j§i|f , ^ 


Avoided, pp. Shunned, ^i^, ii^g, ifi^. :$I^i§. 
Avoider, n. f^^^; avoidor of calamity, (^i[if,',l 

^- ; avoider of difficulties, 'MWi^i- 
Avoidless. a. Inevitable, PJ\^ik- T^Bl^' P&jS 

Avoirdupois, * n. or rt. A weight, of which the 
pound contains 16 ounces, — {f# + ;;^f^(# 

±) ;^f-f • 

Avouch, r.«. To affirm, %\,^, ^idft. {ff^, If^ 
gft : to affirm in favour of, f^ BS W^, ^ItS^, tS 

Avouched. p;7. Aflirmrd, hSji^. {te5ii^; called 

in to support. ^\mm<- MiitfiM- 
Avow, v.t. To declare opeulv. ^^. Hj^^jr. BJf^, 

^&i^ A^-D ; to confess Irankly, {tg,^. : to own. 
m- m2- itl-T>B^. tyJilS: to admit and justify 
in one's own right. 1^.^. aS-fjiSttS S^ft' 

Avowable, a. That may be avowed, ^^"g,^, p)"|^. 

* JltMfflK±^- 

t#! sS-^ ; tli'T-t lU'iy he acknowledged with 
confidence, BJaSft' ii:|}tl#- 
Avowal, «. An open declaration, B^it^. S§, 

Bj]!';-^. jii&. 

Avowed, pp. Openly declared, BJ] 'Jr®- Bj] E5t ii- 

Avowedly, mlr. In an ojien manui'r, ^,^Jc. BjJ, B)J 
,^^- ^(^^- fivi'^^: with frank acknowiedgment, 

ia?!i k?«ai±. ayflgg- \m- 

Avowing. j)j)r. Openly declaring. Hjjfjt, BU;;^-, B/J 

Await, «. Ambush, ilj^. »g/^. 

Await, r.i. To wait for, ^f:, {['gl^, -^i(^, ^f^jp, 
f#> ^H^' JfelBt; to Ij*^ in «tore for, ^U^, fjiffg, 
:j§^f|^ ; to look for. ^'JI. ^j;,'?. jfj!^ ; f„ attend, 
f#jt. f^^OiJ- f#,^: 1 wilfrwaif you, ^^-f;i;;I 
will await your return. ^1^ S? f;); JJj ^j. ;fj^ |f^, fij; 


Awaiting, pp;-. Wailing for, ^|^; awaiting se- 
lection, f^il. 

Awake, v. <. To nmse from natural sleep, pJfSl, iJljj 
M- Pf-Si- ''^-fS- I'SSi- ff H ; lo rouse from spirit- 
ual slee|i, RMjJ^v. #SM: to rise from the dead, 

^^mm- ik^mis- 5; it- urn- m^-^to 

arouse to action, ^g'lf. if5:|Jj. igt a^SI; awake 
your sister, p,-j-Sft<%PnIi^- ^f-mmfl^- 
Awake, v.i. To cease to sleep, ^. Jg, g^iSS^. I® 
S- HT ! to awake from sjiiritual sleep, '|;1|§, 

Awake, a. Not sleeping, gl, ^g. Pg l|ilf, |lKp. g| 
P?^ ; keep awake, llgif-pl. ;^ Pj'li. 

Awaken, c.t. or t. The same willi awake: loawak- 
en the age, ^[ji, 'Jii\k, fSiii ; to awaken from 
sin, and repent, i'^'fg-, IMtg-WlSP ; fo awaken 
gratitude, lgl^\ to arouse, ^i^, |3l-fi. 

Awakened, pp. L'oused from natural sleep, pjf-il 
i^ ; roused from spiritual sleep. ^Si^ : roused 
mentally, M'lBiEl- l^'il^M- 'f&- SMT- IS T, ^M 


Awakening, ppr. Bousing from natural sleep, fij. 

gl ; rousing Irom spii'itual .sleep. ^§1 ; awaken^ 

ing words, Us". 
Awakening, n. A revival of religion, J^^M^^ 

Award. i-.«. To give by sentence. ^-|ai(. fijltl. ||( 
5C^ ili,#; to assign by sentence, ^^jjf; ; to give 
retribution, ff!!^. 

Award, n. A judgment, fijij. J^i(. ^ff : Ihe de- 
cision of arbitrators in a gi\en case. ;^^i. 

Awarded, pp. Adjudged, ^jg. "^i^. J^Dj;^. 

Awarder. ,,. One who awards. <^i)i:S-.^ii#, f'] 




Awarding, ppr. Adjudging, ^^■^, ;g|f . 

Aware, rt. Informed, ^iDJiJ, ^OtT^; having previ- 
ous knowledge of, f|J^D- -^^D; to be cautious, 
>hi\j^- IHjJJ"' li^iH : ^ "''S i^ol aware of it, ^^ 
Pg^PfiJ. *7tT>^0 ; i ^1" fiware of it, f^^Dil; 
I was aware ol it, -T^JE EL^H^,^ ; fH'e you a- 
ware?f;i;^Di-f' f'r^^DUg^D- 

Awnv, rt<^f. AlisenI, fi^;^, :^^{£. Pgu^)^; gone 

away, i|l|l], iT, [lii- ^>fh: fiOJ*. pt* 
T- 1^1^*' lit; S" 'i^V'iy, ^Ii#, ^Pl; send away, 
^i. fii^ ^^i; I'J "I'l'l-ti away with, |15:^§i; 
lake away, tti, ^^; carry away, JU-^; 
move away, ^^, f|^; to sail away, ^^^ ; 
move it a little awiiy. flljrlT' ; to throw away, 

Awe, n. Fe;ir mingled with admiration, ^M, M 
al- Ml!t, ^i8,; lear, jS. 3^ If, Sli^; awe- 
suuck, WM, '\Mtih inj'te' 3^'lf • 

Awe, i.t. 'io strike with tear and reverence, ^Pj|. 

Awed, ppr. Wlruck with fear, J^jj^, J^lii^. 

Awe-iusiJiring, a. j^j^, JW^fei. ^1|. feicMlt'^"^-^ 

Awlul, «. Thai strikes s\ith awe, iskM' iB.M^ lii. 

sublime, ^^; terrilde, p] |i- 

Awlully, «dc. Jn a manner to till with awe, ^ |i]' 
:^r')1I. miB>b'M^ tbMBUl in a reverential 
manner, J|g^c; awlully giand, ^-^;, ^:f|;y. 

Awhile, adv. A space ol tune, ^')|^, j^-Jltr', -J;Jllf- 

rest awhile, fejili|«, i^,— f']L M^il'Hif 
Awkward, a. Inliamly, Vi^U^t'}- "^W^iix^ T> 
i/--?-. tillH-J ; iiiii'eady. ;^j|,j : unturtiinaie, ^,^ ; 

':«*ili' '*^- ; '111 awkward gait, ^^j, iJlM' tj 
#'&im*lillit»; f'iiisc, &#, #M; ail awk- 
ward situation. ii^}Ji'^^. ili^h Qffis- 
Awkwardly, adv. In a rude manner, -g-^f , fli# ; 
to sit awkwardly, ^t^; inelegantly, i^filf^ 


Awkwardness, h. Clumsiness, ^^l^ M^' is,i''l ! 
uugraceluluess in manners, ;j:life% ^ii#- 

Awl, )i. An iron instrument lor piercing small 
holes in leather, |(f, ^, §^, ^, gj;^ ; a crook- 
ed awl, ^ijf. 

Awn, It. Tlie Ijcard of corn, §Mk'§M\- 

Awning, n. A covi'r of e-anvas. to shelter from the 
sun's rays, %m- BM, ^k- tfi^'ll- W^imm; 
awning of bamboo, f^|ft ; a stiti' cover over 
Chinese boats, i^, jIfi-M, i'yJJIJ ; awning-maker, 

Awoke, 'i'he preterit viaicalc, M^: iJM'A- 'See 

Aworking, adv. At work, iEfjjX^ ", in a state 

of action, lEf^fj. iEl5li. 
Awry, rt. or «(/(■. Not straight, ^, SiM. ^f , 

T>IE- ,$"4, ^15, II, n ; 10 look awry,'|;>lJjiJE, ^ 

ffi; to go awry, f^-i#11iil|BiJt, Mff; h) talk 

awry, fLsf, Ptft: ics T>fli- 
Ax, A.xe, «. ^, ^y^, ^M. |j^|j|, /f, |^, ^: a 

butcher's ax, '|IJJg-7J, |f 7J. ||; ancient axes, 

mm^ m^- m^- 

Ax-head, «. ^ll||. 

Ax-helve, k. The handle of an nx, ^IJ|j^")j. ^-fi^. 
Axilla, n. Armpit. (jf^lUJ®- WM- MT- 
Axillar, Axillarv, a. I'ertaining to the armpit. IJ.J- 

Axiom, n. A sell-evident truth. ^]fOi^^. f;) P/J 

Axiomatic, Axiomatical, a. Having the nature of 
self-evident truths, (|ffSi5g%, |J,^;±SIJ^, 

Axiomaticaily, adv. Uf.^.^^^.- 

Axis, u. ;pL Axes. ;fOi; the axis of llie world (tlic 
pole star), %]^ ; axle, ^fy. $ili,f„^ ; the axis of the 
earth, j^jfg ; major axis, :^|S, ;^|i; minor 
axis., ^S<, jailill ; axis of abscissas, ||i|ilj ; axis 
of co-ordinates, |(itt|tf|l!i: axis of ordinates. i^i^: 
axis, of suspension, Ji;|iti. 

Axis, H.The whit(! spotted deer, ^^Jfg. 

Axle, II. llS,^., fii'li'ilVf,; an iron axle, $j/j; poles 
of the axle, ^-.^llll ; axle-cheeks, ^; axle-tree, 
# ; axle-pin, ^. 

Ay, Aye, adv. A word expressing assent, f^>. **. 

^, Kl, F^, a^- _ 

Aye, «c/f. Always, "^.'lE : for aye, for ever, ^c);lj. 

Azalea ludica, n. :^Lii)'',^; (allial. ^ttRG; ll'""'- 
purea plena). fimfHtLiliy. (double purple), ^ 
;fctiia;(variegata), 'a' ^^iitjE; (Nanking), ^ifj 
^ttiiK ; (asterlike), ili-j^lUJi HS- 

Azimuth, n. An arch of the horizon intercepted 
between the meridian of the place and the azi- 
muth, or vertical, passing through the centre 
of any object, M^JimHa^^- M^ISJ^; 
azimuth inslriiment, Jlji^l'liiii^'- 

AzoUa, 11. J>uck-wecd. ^.. -ff-v^l'-' iiiiH- 

Azote, n. Nitrogen. iiiU-Mm.-* 

Azotic, rt. Pertaining to azote, ii^aK^-J' ikvM- 

Azure, n. The fine blue colour of the sky, ^, ^ ; a 


( 79) 


liiilit iiluo, f^^. ^1^ ■ IM; ^ '^^^? azure or blue, 
i^^-f,}:-^: a iiiixluri' oC azure and yellow. jf;M\ 
I III' azure heaveu, ^, 55, 7?/% ^ azure si'a (Ko- 
ko-nor), ^}§; azure blue, %^. 

Azymite, n. A term applied to Christians who 
administer theeudiarist with unleavened bread, 

Azymous. «. Unleavcued, ^KS^Pjrfi'j. j^. 


"n The second letter of the English alphabet, 

5tri7{^#?^Z:^: B. A.. Bachelor of Arts. 

fl:^: Bt.. Bart.. Baronet, ^'gj: B. T.. Before 

Christ. JflJiJi^)!^ ill- ;V|^: H|,., ijishop. g^if^f'if): 

B. \.. Blessed Virgin. ^.^-A". 

Baa. //. The bleafine- of sheep, '-^^l^li^i^.. ^^U\^ 


Baal, n. Name of an idol. * t.v|!;^^. 

Babble, v.i. To talk idly or irnitionallv. H^jj^. IS 

HKPll- s^s7t[^. ?|i«E- ?im^. iifs-.'M 

iudislim-llv. as children. PSJ JlfP- Pi^' 1'.3- : noisy 
lalk, pf Hi?", ntff . M^U^- m\W>- H^P',";iffl- mfi 
I^: to talk much. m.nfi-k^: ^<' tell secrets. J^ 

Babble, H. Idle talk, fLiifi- fnO^'t- 
Babbler, n. An idle talker. ^n±.A- ;:^'^ft^jA. 
^W^-- J<.m- il^'I'i^fl^ A- Pfi;: babbler, a wo- 

Babbline-. ppr. or a. Talking idle, lUiy!'. tSH'K 

Babbling. ». Loquacity. Plnii'ilinjli. ^M^-^M 
%Yi- '^)tJi: babbling of a man dreaming. Pj^ 

Babe. 7,. An infant. 7J^^. f S^ff ( J-), ^Slii'ifh. ffi: 
a male babe. ^Jff : a female balje. .^. iSi|. jlS 
ilf-f .SjifT'' iS^ '• voiinn' children of both sexes, 

Babel, ?!. Name of an ancient cily. L" it fiiu :(^ ^ 

Babel, n. Confusion. %^. %j^. f,fJJ.' 

Babish. «. Childish, iDil|iffifl1^^.fU^§?;J^^,pE 

Babishness. „. MmWUHl^- mmi^Hn- 
Baboon, n. A name applied to several large species 

* 1. Hook of tlie Kings, ch.ipt. V,, 31. 

Jo. do. do. IS, 21;. & 27. 

do. do. do. 22, .51. 

2 do. do. do. 3, 2. 

t Designation for babiea of the age of one montli. 

of monkeys with short tails, :kMW.- ?Sj0I;^ 

Baby, ». An infant or young child of either se\-, 
iHiS^, fii^ff. f:lll!ll'i:ff : bnbies male nnd female, 
.li-:to feed a baby. Pf^F- (''/-TLI'Sff- #|Lff 
t : n doll. gVff . i:}:-^|. [j]^. 

Babyhood, u. mi\i-^Yd^V.lf.^Vmn-W:^l^ 

Baby-house, }(. A house for children's doll.s and 
babies, jjiiji/f. 

Babyish, a. Bike a lm),y. im^-im-m^-H-M 

Babylonian, n. An inhal)ifant of Babvlon, ^l\^ 

fi^A- [iJtfiS^aA- 
Babylnnian. .r. I'ertaining to Babvlon. t'iil:fli^''lS' 

tllitf^rKj: Babylonian eaptivity. ©"IcAli-e. 

Babyroussa, n. The Indian hog. lif Jfti-ll (?)• 
Bae, Back, «,. A ferry-boat, tf 7^^ ; a large tub 
or vessel used for holding liquors. :k.Wl~J<.'Mi^- 
Baecaled, a. Set or adorned with pearls. |^i§J5^ 

Bacchanal. Bacchanalian, n. One who indulges in 
drunken revels. •i®fijj.ij|^.t,15@ffe.?f?t-?flfffi- 

Bacchanal, Bacchanalian, a. Beveling in intem- 
perate drinking. ^M. 

Bacchanals, Bacchanalia, n.j^l- Brunken feasts, 
^-0;; feasts in honour of Bacchus. * Ih^tn- 

Bacchic, a. -Jovial. J^'^'i^- ^M'ftll'- drunken, ^f, 


Bacchus. )i. The God of wine. Jgfiji^ : the name 

of the Chinese Bacchus is y^^. 
Bachelor, n. An unmarried man. T^'^^.^^f]^}, 

'M&- W-&- fiM^ ; a Bachelor of Arts, ff:}', 
^R- 35; ■4. J$^: a competitor for the degree 
of liachelor. '^m.m.^'^ bachelors, widows, or- 
phans and heiress persons. §|;;^|E®(J^ A- 
Bachelor's button, n. Gomphrena globosa, ^g ^J, 

* The Chinese worship ji^, their Bacchus, but have sel- 
dom such reveling feasts and processions in his honour as 
the ancients had in honour of Bacchus. 




Back, ?!. The iqippr part of an animal, ^ : the baok 
of a man, fr- "hI^ • ^1'^ '^'i<'k boue. '^I'^'i*. W' 
^•B #' ^IB^ ' *^i<^ muscles of the Ijack, M. 
1^, ^^HR; the vortohral hones, ^f^'-tlli, ^Bf- : 
back to hack, I@f|. ^f^f^. 4n^ ; a pig-baek, 
^^, fgf^ ; a saddle liack. ^^ : to turn one's 
back on one, :t lfi]^#- ^fST^i!c- ^lll^^lS, 

beat one back and belly. ^J5i[^j.^|?r].fl-?gi]5£ 
PltifJ.?.; to I'l'^ik one's back.'ffi A'!4^. MA 
^1^, a^ A^^ ; the ))aek part, ^f|fg ; the back 
of the neck, 3^. ||: the lack door, f^P^; the 
back of the hand. ^^ ; the back of the knife, 
7]$^ : a back apartment, ^^Ifr-^'m- M^ '■ to 
tm-n the back to one. IfMfi'^cL-sfc.^UUi^^- 

imMn-. i^'^i'iiKi the hiick, wmi^m- 1^^ 
s4gfi m-^-uimn ■■ ^ '^nc-k wan. i^..m^ ■. 

to turn the back on, f^, ;fn'ff : to carry on the 
back. M . $=]■ M ■ iff ■ tf* carry a child on the back 
or pickapack. Jffff- : fo cast beliind the back, to 
forget and forgive, i^p.-gill^i : to treat with 
contempt. ^fE- fSfS : to plow the back, fjj^; 
to bow tb.e back. ]i(-}\\l. f |,^ : back balance, f^ 
m-, back lash, iiS?; back stay. j/Sllf IM ; 
top-mast back stay. Wr.tM^*4M: top-gallant 
back stay, t/S^mMt'^lM- 

Back, mh: ft. im : U> go back, |f . i-|f . Sf |f , 
j!ilf-- 5^lfr. [ul^T- laSiii- Ig- flUl : two years 
ba'-l<, fji^-t--. a poll back. Plfl-^iiiri: to 
come luick. ^'^i- Ifi^S. Ut^ ■ to give back. {!?/. 
m- ^jI ; to look bad . m^- lilffi •■ r'lt it hack. 
^18®; to go back and forth, f^^j. f±^. 

Back, i-. «. To mount, as a horse, ^Bj ; to place 
upon the back, ^t'f|2,St45 ; to back one to sup- 
port. ^U/j. l|/jf±. -I-/" : to ))ack one's wishes, ^j[f 
Al^^-l\!}jfi MMk AilH ; to put backward, 
f^Bfl f-^rlal ; to put l)ackward, as a ship, ||iS5J 
fpji; to back a. warrant, ^:^J,i^^,^ ; to 
back the oars, ^jJiJ^C- 

Backbite, v.t. To slaiider, mW^^W^WM,ti\ 

Aug if, mm- r^A. RjliA- It- it A T^^- it A 

Backbiter, ?;. One who s'anders. p^A- ilT A- 

Backbiting, n. The act of slandering the absent, 
|5pg3|; not given to backbiting, ^'s'^'pf. 

Backbone, n. The spine. =*^-{f. f,^. f^.^ :'dorsal 
vertebrae, fj:^f'^-{-lLtS'^ luniliay vertebra-,,^ 
'i'Slij ; strong in the backbone. ;(^g -jj. 

Backboxes, The bo.\es on the top of the up- 

per case of types, containing small capitals. :^ 

Backdoor, n. f^PI- L^±I1- 

]!acked, pp. Mounted, ^j^ : having on the back, 
^ : supported by aid, fijill/ji^ ; moved back- 
ward, jM-^. 

Backer, n. One wiio backs or supports another in 
a contest. ^^, ^'^■ 

Backgammon, 7). A game played by two ])ersons, 
upon a table, with box and diee,^g,.f^f}g:^. 

Background, n. A ground in the rear. ^y^'-M^- 

Backhouse, n. A necessary, |BiJ. 

Backing, ppr. Mounting. ^ ; moving back, jg 
ft- fiSlt. mm ; seconding, |/;, fH^/, ^P. fl/i 

Backinu-up. n. Stopping a ball or driving it back, 

Backpiece, n. The armour which covers the back. 

Backroom, n. ^^- P^'M- 

Backs. Sole-lea tlier. ]^^. 

Backside, n. The liack part of any thing, ^^-^ 
f^- mi&- hBU- km : the hind part of an an- 
imal, ^fl ; the place behind a house, M.^-M. 

Backslide, v. i. To apostatize. =^^^15:, ^|5:, ^f= . 

Backslider, n. mk^^-KfxM- 

Backsliding, n. A falling insensibly from religion 

into sin, * WifhW- V6M\M-^ n'k- 
Backstaff, n. A cjuadraut, ^flf. 
Backstairs, Stairs in the back part of a 

house. fttt4»; an indirect way, {g PI ; to enter 

liy a private door, to obtain one's end by unfair 

means, iiP'3f|llJ- 
Backstays, 11.7)/. |jii|?|- 
Backstifch, n. ^of|-. :}J>[l;-tO$+- J|- 
Backsword, n. A sword with one sharp edge, fj 

liick-fools. ((./;/. Book-binder s stamps, &c., qjj|. 

Backward, liackwards, adv. Towards the back. 
ii'lf^.f^N: to move l)ackwards. %'tiMVi-% 
ligfT^ tothi-ow theiirm bakward. |%^-: towards 
])ast times. I^nijjj^. ifofillif; to go liackwards, 
(localiter). igfg: to go backward idecline) in 
one's cirrumstances, jR 1^}. f^^gM, IISH^M. 
%1%'mM'- t" decline, ^: backwards and for- 
wards, 5l|5i- KW- ^?t'W- i±*'- to be driven 
backwards, tTsS' iifli ' to count backwards, 

* Jer. 5, 6. 

BAD ( 81 ) BAG 

Bai'kwanl. n. Averse to, PJ^, li1}i!li. UJ^'SI);- ^Vi ' Cadger, v.t. To pursue with eagerness, ^f^, ^ 

iiH' z>'^- T^m- 1^^:- m- m- it- mm- mm- >m- 

li.vsiialiiig. (iil^ : s'oNV. ^^-fgf )[t z^-. l'|| : lale. Badgvr-legge.L a. mH^U- ilJiPfi'j- 

IjcliiuJ iu lime, i£'[f ; tliill. !^'J^... ^^i^t- Eadigvon. n. A foiiient iisoil lo fill up linlcs. i-j^jj;. 

Baeliwnnliy, aih: Unwillinglv. j^j^^- I'/j 'f' ,& : VlI]'i^;<T niixtiuv of imlly :iiul cluilk. fj.liill/^ 

pei'verseiy, Mi^^m- ^ ' iH^M:- 

r>acl\vartliu'SR. ». IkMiiclaiiee. |||^ ; di!a!nrinrsf, Badly, adr. In a iiad ninnner, T>i]'- T^iffKjr Plf 

IfltW : a state of l;eiiig fiehiud in progress. '[§ : I if. Hfj ^ ; liadly done. f^^HKiJ. f/jj^ ;^, ^f . f^IPE 

liaslifuiiicss. fJIJ. I ^= ; badly woniided, ;gf^. 

Bacon, )i. Hog's tirsli sjjlrd iM piclvlid and dried. Badness. «. Tlie stale of heini:- kid. jg. P^iJ-: evil. 

i.siia:iy in sinol.o. M'Mt Hi^^M- n^^tHfl- M M- M, J. 

J*lAj: I^lijIJiii- >;vl).ii;i'.-.]- ;'JlltlJ:J. 15ii^3 : ^1 Hil'-li , B;^ekia fru.-teseeus. v. ^Ml- 

of baeou. —')i]'i^\%'^: a gammon of luicon. fff Baffctas. Baflas. ». Indian cotton cloth, or plain 

BjR: a slice of iKiciin. — >Mi;^Ilg; t» sa\e ,me's ; mnslin. %1^Wi%^^^U- 

liacon. to save one's sdl tn)m Jiann. %[%'':>i%pi- Battle, r. /. or /. To elude. ^^.K-\>\%i\ to elnde by 

>;^ifljn]^'te. tlHte^Ifi^. ' sliills and tarns. \}^^: to conlound. iJjtiH. Jg 

Bad. .^^Jg. :pi. ;p^;. i;y?s. ^^. :57. ^^.^ ]\si. ig^[. |«/@L- JUSL: '" l"''"'ti'''' '^'^•''■i'- Bi^JIS- 

^- -Jit- ifi;^. iji-M- it)!!:, i^;- S^???- iS- fS- *'?• > Iffi !S- W&- 

It- il:5^ : to keep bad lioms. W<rsCi.l'h ; bad Battle, n. %: to eonie ot^'witli a baffle, ^T^, ^7tA 

fortune. T^l?r- T^t'l- elNlii- ^#- T>fiJ. 1^1 luT- i;- 

llrii^- 5E^if- iift^: reading is l,ad irr the cyrs. Battled, py). Eluded. iM-ff.;!- ^Tst;i ; flu^l'''^ I'.V 
llliiUI- fiSiy-iSni: it is very bad with him. shifts and turns. F,t|iMi§; ednhamded. fjlJiii, 
-JtS^iV- #j-l, : had men. Jg A- '^ A- l^M- ^ . iMl'^ ■ deceived, m^'A- 
¥■ 'lifr- [if£- HHtl- iS'l-. jail'. #^*- >hA. ' Baffler. «. One that eludes. Mff-A"^- ^fff-A^"; 
^ S, : a bad name. M^- \^j ^- B.^- M^- one whoeludes by shitts and tmns. f/J.® ^- : one 
a bad omen. |X|;J[i. :7>iji't±.=)l£. fJiilSWJfV -^ '^'I'l ^ Ihat confounds. fg|L A -^y : "ii-t> ihat deceives, 
speculation. t;iig|. tlD^. |l?;if-|. 5T|7|. ^^sh ^J^C^!^. lilil^^^. tUS^^A- ffitl^A- 
P^^iHTi'f ; '"'•'! '-I'lnKs. 5g^. ff^-^!^^ ili'icjg. fia ^ Baffling. p2''--oi"«- Baffling wind, JS) Ii$i(.i^)a■ 
#. 'IlliS: ; :i had heart, {^i^t^. ^,^.. ^ji,^. '^^,(.. J^J* [HHIIgl. -SV,> Baffle. 
k&,^^: bad behaviour. Ii?f i/.f7^\3lEft-'flSff^ 'ff^ Bag. v. A sack. g. ^. ^iiS;. ?-?!■• '#1: fi'- •' '''b-' 
fr- ^f-f- Sf^- M- ■! I'iid harvest, f^ljj. ffj;, without a bottom. ^- : a leather bag. jJ^H^ Jife 

Mk- rfixr^^- '&'f- mm^''^- ^fiUi\bif- m ' Vi- jkm- ^ I'-iii^^ '''ig- ^^- ^'^^^ -"^ ^'"'^" 

St- r#'!i : '''i^l ettluvia, |^\;.^. ^iH; : a bad Imsi- ; bag. jjxg. )]>ti7. iji^-. tff, # ; a double bag, 5I 

ncss ^^.\%{k. ^l^g. j^:|j:: bad times. pE^T-ili: ' ^, f^JSJ. i|*:_ : a hair-elotli bag (a net), g^ltf, 

^- Il^iBJK!/- ffi33j- flJ'Sl^ili^. mm^W- WW- \ W : " ^ill^'^11 ^>-^S- lis : a coarse bag, MM- -^ 

l|}f |l§ : liad or evil intluenei s. f[5.^ : liad disease, ' straw bag. ;i,'jt:'g7, i^lQ, ; a traveling bag. ^f^^ ; 

Ti-'^- T.;"^(^; :i had ajipearance, as weather, ^j]', i a bag lo tie on a horse's head, ||, f^jPS; a 

^f ; a bad appearance, as a )ier.son snlfering. ^^ j hawking bag. !|Hg ; a small money liag, i^g, 

Ml- M^iff'- '-^ '''^'l ajipearance, as something |p^gj : an empty bag (poor). ^i^C; you wine sack 

mean. Will^i: bad government. '^i,ifj:. igji;. t'I" i and rice bag (you lazy lubber), ii^guS-t^; the 

&- M^i- had hied. C/j if i^if^. ('Si/-:^. TS-'^ ■- (heou ]]ag (a work on geomaucy), flg ; a bag 

a bad imitation (said of imitating each other). of money containing lOU tales is called — ^g; 

"jAW- 4^-^c-- ^ A-^ : it is so bad that it must i half a bag of the same, :^^^gj' ; a bag of money 

soon be better, ^r^M^i- to injure liy liad ex- i (amount not defined), — gfi, —glR^; a 

amples. lfg}]g,a. ' " t satchel, ^^,^^ili5b.^j^^ : an embroidered bag, 

Badge. ,1. A mark. Vj^. ^^,. t^^. ]\^l ; a secret ] fff,^. fij^ ; a bag to hold perfumes, ifd, ^Q; 

mark, iljf^^ ; a badge of office, ^fg. ^f^. %';j: : a bag of rice, — S^lt : a bag of sugar. — HM ; 

a badge of merit. JfjIJ'Jf. | the air bladder or sound of a fish, y®. ffitii : 

Badge, v.t. To mark, ft-jf, ^'Hi!- bag around the heart, pericardium. »ij>']&^: to 

Badger, u. ±]^. ^^. |Lr ^i : liiralcs. y]<:^jx.. 7K , give the bag lo any one, |gA- MA ■ to truss 

■:gB.. j bag and baggage, jlji^^i. 




Bag, v.t. To put into a bng, AfSt&^Wi^ -!^' 5}^ 
@, ^AS. t AS ; to bng the. hair. fgH, m 
§S; to Ijai;- dollies, f ^ . 

Bagasse, «. The refuse stalks of the sugar-cane 
after they have been ground, )^}^'(jf,. i.iKti'f- 

Bagatelle, n. A game played on a fioard having 
at the end nine lioles. ijjt^; a Chinese game, 
but different from the former. ^^■';'^ : a triHe. a 
thing of no imporfanee, )]s^. ^'||j. 

Baggage, v. The tents, utensils, Scv. of an army, 
ff^-lSlffl : traveling baggage, ff;^; baggage 
trunk, fj-fu : a liaggage waggon, ^i}!: liaving 
liaggage. ^-p' a low. worthless wouuin. a 
strumpet. ftV^-^.^MlK'. J^jif :a ]ilayful female, 

Bagginii'. ii. The cloth or nuiterials I'or l.iags. fAtH 

%■ '^ 
Bagnio, n. A liathing-liouse. Jlf'Js:. ?5(:^ ^■- a 

brothel, ^^^.-Jg:^^: in Turkey, an inclosiu-e 

for slaves. ^ff^J. 
Bagpipe, n. A musical instrument, used chiefly in 

Scotland and Ireland. ^i-Bll^- t-B.}fti^- ' 
Bagre, n. Silnre, 0.'^\\ dusky green silure, ^ 

^ ; dark green silure, ^^\ : small silvery green 

silure, "gfj-: purplish black silure. ifl-^ii;. 
Bahar, «. The native country of Budha. ^j^. 
Bail. v.t. To liberate from arrest on sccurily for a 

person's appearance in court, ?3;fJr<Pl- llif^"- ^U. 

m^ mi^- rta?-: to ban out a prisoner, i^^m #- 

1&- f^^JB A 111 * ; to liail out a wonuin. fft p ^ 

A,i$; to bail a boat, ^7K- 
Bail, «. The person or persons who procure the 

release of a person from custody, by liecouiing 

security for his appearance in court, fjii^; to 

give bail. ^MiltUL'pIJf^- 

Bailable, a. That may lie admitted to bail, pff^j 

Bailbond. M.fjjill. 

Bailed, ^jp. Eeleased from custody on bonds for 

appearance in court, |ll f!jii§. f^<|jl ^. frv -^ : freed 

from water, as a boat, /jjij'§7jC- 
Bailci-, Bailor, n. One who delivers goods to anoth- 

er in trust. mV^-mi^-mi-^- 'Mifmt 


Bailiff, n. An officer appointed by the sheriff for 
arresting persons, j^^- ^1&, •fGlitj; an agent 
of a manor, to direct its husbandry, collect dues, 

&t'., ■Mm- 

Bailiwick, n. The precincts in which a baililfhas 

jurisdiction, |^. 
Bailment, «. A delivery of goods in triist n pon a 

contract, either expressed or implied, that they 
shall be kept and delivered safe: f^'^MH^A 

Bairam. n. The name of two Mahommedan festi- 

y:ils. |p||BIf5:S!yl«• 
Bait, n. Any suVistance for food, used to catch fish, 
or other animals. Ii'lf ; a portion of food and 
drink, or a refreslunent taken on a journey. :$^ 
m- mi^ mB- IS-6- m ^ ■■ ^'^ inurement. U- 
Mm.sf Ailil^-MA^IEf- 
Bait, v.t. or (". To angle. iilf%i.^^\. PQ; to give a 
jwrtion of food and drink to a beast upon the 
road. i'^4>il^i5; lo bait on a journey, ^^t^ 
:^!if-. n''\"K- to stop and Iflit. FAfip, ^-U- III 
fl_ : to liait one's liors( s. gjr.H : to harass bv dogs. 

Baited, pp. Furnished with bait. ^ji'If : allured. 
Wi^-mm)^- U^fllM: ted. mi^: refreshed. 
^i^- nih'¥'K- liarassed l,y dogs, ^mm- 

Baiting. py*r. Angling, |^,fr\: feeding, ^; refresh- 
iii.U-- 1%itU- :^©f ■■ stopping on a journey, ^ 
m- n^'K- 'J'liting place. PAlJi. m^- 

l^aize. n. A coarse woolen stuff. :f!Li}^. fil.:*:ij/L- 

Bake, v.t. To bake, as a pig, ^: to bake, as bread. 
'):K- ll'Jt '):i- to l>ake in the ashes, ^g.'lg: to Ijake 
before the tire. ^: to bake, as tiles, ttc. j^. 

15ake-house. „. ^g. ^^. iljtif^j^fj ; a bake-])an. 

]iAci]. pp. in- a. mih-mh-'>M- 

Baken. pp. See Baked. 

Baker, ». (»ne whose occuiiation is to bake bread, 

biscuits, *c.. I'^iiiifiii^i, j's-^ta-^-- iv/mn 

siuall tin oven, in which baking is perforuied. 
^^■. the baker of spice-bread, ^n^gf^: a 
baker's shop. ®HtS- 

Baker-legged, a. Having legs that bend inwards 
at fhe'^knees, Kjill, A^il- 

Bakery, n. A place occupied with the business of 
baking bread, cakes. &.. Ulilitii. 'H'^M- 

Baking. ». ov ppr. Jg. iJi- ^. ^. 

Balance, ;(. A pair of scales fiu- weighing com- 
modities. %'^f--,^, llf-T--i^: standard lialaiu-es. 
pIW,^^' foreign lialances. J^'|5i|i; weights of 
balances, fr] fi,!§. f,!^^; the balance of an ac- 
count. Igjrt. -^Bt- '" '"''1^'' "!' the balance,^ 
l\<..1l\\:'K- the surplus balance, ^yjC' tl'C bal- 
ance due to. pfitlRi'B- 'x" 1'""^ ''"' '''''='"f'''' 'in 
it- iSi'a'^ftei:: '^''lii''' weigiit, }'j;i:; balance of 
power. ^■J^:f|: balance of trade. OJ APii±SlJ; 

BAL ( 83 ) BAL 

balance wheel iu a clock, ^Ujj^ ; balance of ac- | ^, ^. ?^, ^ ; loss of hair, ptOliil ; meanness 

count (Inc. fif^/A^V']%; bahmee of account on or inelegance of writing-, ^|ijf^. ^"X- 

hand. filt^'lV^i'ff- ''"'"' ''^•-i''- Daltlpafetl, a. Sco Bald. 

Balance, v.t. To adjust the weights in the scales ])aldrick, n. A richly ornanieuted k-lt. jr^Ji^- 

of a balance, so as to bring llieiu to an equi- Bale, ■». A package, 'elfF-tll.-ffl '■ ■' baleuf godds, 

IM.ise. ^l ff K- i:M,jS.W^>^!/i- to balance rea- — HSt ; '^ '^^'e of cotton, —'sl^f^:^^: a Iniudlo 

sons. -^ p^. p| i«}rl)]]l: )o balance an account. tied together with ropes, — $[il. 

§i'^^ &ii;- S8; tl ^-jl^ : to balance nierils and Bale, r. t. To make up in a bale, fy^ : to free from 

sliort-coniings. ^^Sj}i§.. J/jilW^P- wabr ))y dipping, ^l?]!,'. ^^Jc. 

Balance, r./. To liavc oil iMcli .side (Hiual weight. Baleful. <i. Producing niisrhief nr misery. ^/J^. 

n^i-^rS.- 1^*1 ^ ^'Jffi- i^ Mf^j-flS-- 1" I'l'- i^5:iJ<- 1^- 3*- r/lBiVj ; pernicious. -ftlt^iKj- i*? 

serve llie equipoise nf Ww liody, IE ui Tfl ) fr •- '" fl^; l>alelul inlluem-e, [>y^S PgifUf.f |-. f|,l.^ 

move towards a perwm and then Imck, jgig: lo P|)f. ilJi&ll'tf flO ; a baleful star, pk^. ]^^. 

fluctuate between molives which appear of equal Balefully. culr. Sorrowfully, -^f*; perniciously, 

force. tl^Z-"^- i^ flE™ ^- ^P.ft^fl'j ; in a calamitous manner, l)^^^. 

Balanced, y;/*. Charged with equal weights. }?jZ]l. IJalefulncss. h. J)estructiveness, \U^i^: jii^, >}i 

^iSJ^fi : n^gnlaled. so as to be cMinal, jf 4"i'j 'J/'i- 

Balance-lisli, n. Haniuier-headed shark, zvuiuna. Balisler, u. A, '^ : to shoot a balister, 

lialance-knife. n. ^ffi±,77ft- Balistes, n. File-lish, iij&#-. 

Balancer. ii. The person who weighs, f^^, ^f^'^if^ Balistic plallbrm, n. f^i;;. 

^-. WW^- " ^'''''^'^' "■ "^ se^-""ii'l^- ?ll(S?t- f^7jC5'l- ^#-^L- 

Balancing, ppr. Charging with e(inal weights, ag Balk. n. A great beam, ^if^.-Xfii?, ; a Irustralion, 

hfi ^-i^i; : settling, as"^ an account, ={p^^ : lies- liflj* ; disappointment, j^™. Ig^. ^yPSpft, |J^ 

ilating. i'jgll. " ■'u'^t/ni: any thing lelt untouched, like a 

Balaustine. ,). The wild pomegranate-tree. ^-Ji lidge in ploughing, MliL^'i^^i-'^k- 

^m^- ^^''"^' *■■*• '^'"^ tiisappoiuf. mfmrn- k^mm, m 

Balbucinate. Balbulinate. r.l. To slammer iu A, HkW:'- to frustrate. ^H^ ; lo miss or omit, 

siieakiug. f]. UWi- TiWlM- >^in, sIb-UDJ *'■ ^'^ l'"'^ "!'• '"^ "^ '' ^^''^1'' ^^' ^^' ^^ 

-^-/y, n\\^. turn aside. ^7 Jl ; death balks no creature. ^ 

Balcony, «. ^^1, tl]+T- T>r.!l«- ^E^'fiA- %^>fSt^A- 

Bald. n. Destitute of hair, %. f^ :^. t^. 41. -fj Balked, iq,. Disappointed. 11^,1™ : trustratcd. JU 

tpi5. ^ : a bald head. %Wl SS- "^Cl. 'zX!- If'- fu fli!^ ■ '""i'ted, %iM. ,Sstli§- 

InJPJi- 5ilE(:a bald forehead.^; partially bald. Ball. i^. A round body, :eET', ||. Q. -111/1, #, 

i;ii;- kmk- a '''i'^^ P"'''- ^T-. fUm- a bald ji:^: 'llliT- : a silk or cotton ball. tH^^ ; an 

jiated priest. fi^7-: a bald headed crane. ,f!j, India ruliber ball, l-ij H" -H ! a ball made of 

^% : naked. #. fi':#. ^^ fj. 1)]^ -# BJJ- # # : '^"■™''- -^^^ = '^ '"''' '-"'"■ f-'i^^^ • '" 1''='-^' "^ '^'^1'' 

audacious. U-UUflll: without beard or awn, ^jif; ^ i^- '<» l-ick a liall. Jlfcil*. jtitf^. iffj^l; to 

fg. 3nf.|fr. Ilirow the embroidered ball (to choose a hus- 

Baidach'in, n. A structure in the form ol' n cano- hand), MUl^ ; <l't^ g'c'he or earth, j^^ ; the 

pv. supported bv columns. ^ : canopy (in Chi- c-je ball. |lJiJ:Ji;. tlRillL- : a cannon Iwll. fi|^{;,!| ; a 

na)- l.?i?^. ' " musket ball. i,'f^-. J{jii,n?. IJ^Jf: an iron ball or 

BalderdaslK ,>. IMean, sense '.ess prale. gtl'li'^- &• '^""'^'*- ^^^f- ^ '1^'- '-all of the hand. ^J\§lf^ ; to 

"I'XH- ?*''5)l,l- ™" '^'" '^ ''''"■ ^^^ ' '^"^ ^^^^ ^"^'^ -'^^'"^ ^'^^''^ ^^^^ 

Balderdash, r.f. To mix or adulterate li,juors with a ball. M-jiijffj;. 

water. J,:i7Killi@. I'-all' "• -^'^ entiTtainment of daneing. Jt^lil^Jg. i(^|: 

Baldhead. n. A man bald on the head. £yEf. -^ M- flDfilJ : a gay liall. jiff^^i- 

CH. liallad. ». A song, [jij. i^. =g. It!*- mi^- KKft- 

Baldmony, h. Gentian. EWi^- ^^^ "h ■ "I m ■ # ti : juvenile ditties. ^ IS : sa- 
Baldness.' n. Loss of hair through disease. MWM- ' ^"''•^''*' ''''I'ads. MM - strange ballad, 'g =^ ; a 




little ballad. Jf fp, )h^ : a ehoerful Imllad. %j 
,^\ to sing ditties nud Imllads, l^^^^if^- 
Ballad-maker, n. A composer of liallads, i^0:^, 

Ballad-siuger, n. A lomalo whose employment it 
is to sing ballads, ^ ^•. WnM'- ^ prostitute 
songstress, -jlj^^j^; a male ballad-singer. 0c^ : 
a juvenile male ballad-singer, {J^^ ; a band nf 
female ballad-singers. -^^JlMkic- 

Ballast, n. MB^^'mm^ W:i&^- Mfl^J'^J- rP 

Ballast, r.t. To plaee heavy sulistanres in (he hold 
of a ship to keep it from oversetting, ^ff^- f2 
j^; to steady or keep a thing steady, /^fi; 
to keep a ship steady, ^fj^fi^-. 

Bailastod, j^p- Furnished with ballast. v/t"i^ln- 

Ballasting, i^pr. Furnishing with liallast. gJiillJ. 

Ballaloon, n. A heavy lnggagi', boat enjploycd on 

the rivers about the Caspian Sea, '^MM ^""Hx 

Ball-cartridge, ;;. A cartridge furnished with a 

ball, mwu- 
Ball-cock, n. urn- iHtH- a*pa- num.- 

Ballet, n. A dance, li^l;^|gi. 

Ballistic, f a. Pertaining to I he balisler. or the art 
of shooting darts, j^^^i^. 

Balloon, n. Any spherical, hollow liody. ^(i; : a 
glass receiver, of a spherical form. [glgJC; a 
game, f^^i^ : an air-b:illoon, |^||. fl^jjl, )^ 
%:llhMfl^??Si:(|: '^ balloon tilled with 
hydrogen gas, fl^J^^; a fire balloon. JLBjJli^. 

Balloon, Balloen, n. A state barge of Siam, made 
of a single piece of timber, j^g g [Jll^lg^. 

Balloonist, n. See Aeronaut. 

Ballot, 1). A ball u.sed in voting. {i;-J- ; a ticket, 

Ballot, v.i. To vote liy ballot, J •txtl'7 • ''^ ^■"''' 

by tickets, ^^L 
Ballot-box, n. A box for receiving Ijallois, ^^ 

JUL! -TJtlpJ) Ji -Tfi iijj- 

Balloting, ppr. or n. Voting hy ballot, -j^^i^; 
voting by ticket, j^J^. 

Balm, n. The juice of shrubs or tiecs rcnnirkably 
odoriferous, §|«I-, |-i^^C?J ; balm of (liiead, a 
plant of the genus amyris. || §^. ffVlll ; any 

- * The latter four e.\pressioi:,s are iii tlie soiilli seldon 
used for Lallast. 

t Some write this word witli oidv one /. 

II E.\odiis, 3o, 31 ; Ezel;. liJ,'.J. Ps. 133,8. 

thing which soothes pain, ^*;fj?J^; anything 

which mitigates sorrow, i^M•i.^^■ 
Balm, v.t. To anoint with balm. i^#jlll:'.'/ A ; to 

soothe, jfe/g, -^at. ^f^-. ^|£<g. 
Balmy, a. Aromatic. § . ^-P^. ^f]^. ^§ : soolh- 

iug- tiTJX'fl'j. tSEl'l^, -^"cEPK: '^ '"il»'v lireeze. 

Balneary, v. A lialhing room. j^'^. f|f^, -jjt^ 

Balneal ion. h. The act of kilhing, ^fcj^. 

Balsam, n. An oily, aromatic, resinous sul^stance. 
flowing spontaneously from certain plants, # 
Vili; ))alsam, a shrub, ]m^^^. ^ ff":?^. M^m^C- 

Balsamine, «. Efllj^t:. IH^-^t- inf^iH- * 

Balsamic, o. A warm, sliuiulating, demulcent 
medicine, of a smooth ami oily consistence. |§ 

r.alsauiina. n. MMk- 

Balsam of Peru (lialsamum IVruviannm). n. I^jfj 

Balsam ot Tdlu (llals-imum Tulutiinmn vol deTolu), 

Baltic.;! a.m^. i)m{\'m- 

Balustrade. «. fl:,tlq^ ^. ^k^. 

Bamboo, «. A jilant of Iho reed kind, or genus 
arunde, jj-, ftt^i; jointlcss bamboo, HITitt' 
tit Wt ft- ^ k Vh k Iff; ft ; cmi'i-cf^s ( H'^^ 't'd ) 
bamboo. Jll ft- ifllfctt; '-'•'i^''^ bamboo. ^ f j- ; 
yellow bamboo, :^ft; AVhanghi bamboo, gjjgt 
f-j-; penciltube bamboo, ^' ft ; bamboo ware, 
f;^ ; bamboo shoots, ft^,?. ^^ 0. $|F, ^f^ ; 
bamljoo screens, ft'j^ ; seeds of the liamlioo, ff 
K' tt'TtTi^' bamboo splints, ft^; Imniboo 
poles, tt^ip; a bamboo chair, ft-'I'i'S, tt^'']- '^ 
bamboo mountain chair, ftME^ ^'fi i^lIlMl ! 
bamboo (ancient) books, ftiui' tt^! bauiboo 
slips for writing, ft^H' fullfS ^ ^^^*^' bamboo mats, 
Vi:$., ViJ^t; outer rind ol the bamboo, f|l^"; 
internal coat of bamboo, ^; a bamboo planta- 
tion, ttfH ; a bamboo garden, ftIS I '^ bamboo 
torest. tt-tf;; bamboo arrows, ItflU' tt^! '"'j" 
asheer, ftj^: bamboo shoots preserved in sugar, 
-^M- WM'}y 'i S'l'l's ^'i bamboo sprouts ready 
for cooking, IJ/J^-; split bamljoo sprouts dried 
for keeping, >X-p-, -j\-$t'^ fernn'ntod (acidulated) 
sprouts, ft'^; the siieathof the bamboo which 

* Flowers used \iy the Chinese to stain the nails of their 
Kngcrs with, hear all this name, though helonging to differ- 
ent species. 

t msRjjm- 

II nii'x^Ati\»Mi&zm- 




covers the joints of tliB plant, |§ ; tlio grrcn 
tough skin oflhr biinilioo. wliii-h contiiins siiox. 

BninliiKi. r.i. To imiiish with tlic haailioo. ^TrS"? • 

Biinihod-nit. n. f^B.- 

Bamhnozlf. v.t. To di^'civo. gjlSg. |ljt|f . ^M\- 

Banihoo/.lcr. u. A cheat. (JIbAP^. iJi A^'- 

]5ainbusa anmdinneca, h. Yi^^- 

]>an. )(. A public proelaniation or edict, 4!f7f!- Jl 
ffijt; an edict of interdiction or proscription, *£ 
H, '^fg : curse. "jIitH.; excommunication, -jglii 
^■g' ; a fine nu'.slin, imported from the East 
Indies, \^^^}. 

Banana, n. \n^. \^'^-. §J^;. 

Banco, ». A court sittiiig in Ikuico, ^p\~^^^: 
■A bank. liSIRff- 

Banco, n. A term denoting I lie liank money of 
Hamburg. njifrMiilEgl:Rff m 'A\:tm^iV-^ 

Band. n. ^, %i. lU: a rope used bj' the ancients to 
secure criminals, J^<i^^; a chain. 5^ii : a band 
of musicians, -filjfj^i|. — |lJPji:#^, — gftlJaA, 
— ililj AW- -ff- iS- fiS; i^ hand of a<-tors, —fji 
til-- —ijall : '1 l''i»il "<■ -^ wheel, ^1^,^ ; a, band 
of roblicrs, —W&l- -^f^M- US '' '•^ ••onipanj' 
of men. — Hf. |^^;. — 1>^=: a band of soldiers, 
— Pli^^j : -1 <''ifi"t iiand. '^ : a gold head lianil, 
#^: an iron liand. ^i!i|g; a hat-I,and. ip^^^'S; 
.1 little band, i^^-. — i^.^jf^ff : a band. 

Band, v.t. To liiiid logether, jjl^: to unite in a 

troop, -ff, ^m, ftii- f}i^- IV5^- J5^?=^- ^-ff; 
to unite in a confederacy, ^jJ-'ig: to l)ind over 
with a baud, i^X^^^^' 

Band, r. L To associa.te, ff^^. f-'^, f-JIJ. 

Bandage, n. A roller. Y|i 'rfr- 'i^ ; bandages for 
small feet. g^^^^. }.^. ^. ^fj^; bandages tor 
wounds. ^7jV' ; bandages for the head, jjyjj/ ; 
bandages lor the protection of the arm. ijj.^^, 
^; bandages (wrappings against cold * ), i^ 
i$: bandages lor the legs, lii>i, |4i, frl^, laHJ], 

Bandage, r.^ To bandai^e the feet, If^llf 'iHUl 

Bandana. Bandanna, u. A s[iecies of silk or cotton 
handkerchief, having a uniform red or blue 
ground, willi small white figures, made by 

* Main' ol'tliese are not understood liy the people of soutli- 
ern latitudes, and tliose « bo have .seen men from the north, 
generally call the bandages tor the legs, P|g. 

discharging the colours, 
Bauda-soap, «. jfVJtfvifl. 
Bandbox, «. A slight paper box, jfj^^ ; a hat or 

bonnet box, |g;s^. 
Banded, pp. or ». Bound with a Imnd, flflj^. t^}^, 

m'M- »li§- ^T3§fSi; HnibMJ in a band, flj^ 

Banding, pp''- B-inding with a band. i^!J,^rli!>i±; 
uniting in a band or company, f^^JS— f^. f^ 

Bandit, ». : pi. Bandits, liandilti. A robiier, [j||^, 

mm- mm- -^m, 'nm- mm- ^m- mi iZ 
m- w^- B.m- mm- m^- Eait- mm- m-, 

a highway-man, mX- ^TW#%- ^Til'g?- ij 
m.m- iUm- ±M- :^liL^m- ^i hurglar. ^X 
»J]>KH% ; a pinile. -ifqM- 7]CM- il^'M ■■ ii niaraiid- 
'■'•• ']■!■ '^- ± iS- '^'- "ni- $m- lit m ■■ an old rob- 
ber, ^!^j(, t^j;^; one who enters a house by 
getting over a wall. g%!t)!| ; house-breakers, 
gfllSll; a rascal, Mif; to lurn bandit. j^Ojl 
Bandlet. Bandelet, «. Any little band or flat mould- 

Bandog. ;(. A large, fierce kind of doy-, :^f^^, 

Mi-k, ±.mm- 

Bandoleer, n. fj"^^- 

Bandrol, n. A little tlae- or streamer. ^^}. ^i^, 

Bandy, n. A club bent at the lower part foi- striking 
a ball. ^TilJilS- nmrt;-'^ handy-leg.i^}]]!^.. t, 

Bandy, v.t. To beat to and fro. as a ball, j^y^fX, 

Bandy, v.i. To contend, as at a game, in which 
each strives to drive the ball his own wav, |^ 
% ; to agitate, l^m.. 

Bandying, ppr. Bealing from one lo another, ff 
^mi^ ; agilaliug in controversy without cere- 
mony, lef fra- 

Bane, u. Poison of a dead'y quality, ^, 5^!f^ : a 
latal cause or mischiel, '^ ; the bane ol one 
generation became a b.essing to ten thousand, 
—iiii^HteifiJ; * gaming is the bane of 
all youth, f^^±4^^-!iKt',')-4 : '^xtravagancc is 
the bane of evil society. ^f^^llJCl'S^ilf.^. 

Baneful, a. Poisonous. ^. ^j;;'',^. fi^iV.} : destruct- 
ive, ^; a pernicious fellow, )\j'^^^A; bane- 
ful inrtuence, ^A%- fjfc^; a baneful star, ^ 

* Said of the Great Wall, whoso construction nearly ruined 
a generation, but became a blessing to many future genera- 


( 86) 


Banefulness, n. Poisonousness, ^, ^, i%^- 
Bang, v.t. To boat, as wiUi a ehil) or eiu1;L;ol, ^, 

?X, tT' »' ii- #:5ii; t" '^»""n'- i^l^^^ffiS^; 

to boat or IuiikIIo n)iiglil\% ^^, -^k^ i *" ♦'"'-'^* 
with violence. tiOyl^jflgS; to bang up, SiflJffl 

Bang, n. A blow wilh a eliib, ^J— Ifi, #— ^ifi; 
sound olthoilisrluirge of a eannoii, ||-, j(|^ia- 

Banging, a. ±,, -^{[i^. 

Bangle, v.t. To waslr liy lit tie and lillle, to squan- 
der carelessly, ^jj^'tt. :ftiiS. -/jilt fl^jr). 

Bangle, n. An ornament worn ujiou liie arms and 

■ ankles, fg, ^fc: jade bangles, 3£^Sg; glass 
bangles, *i|-^M- 

Bangue, Bang. «. The leal' of a kind of hemp. 
used for its narcotic qualities, fi^^. f^. 

Banian, «. A class of Hindoo traders, ^'—^"^i 

Banian tree, n. +§1$); a banian tree with long 
rootlets, W\i\&'^ fianian days on which seamen 
are allowed no nn^it, '^ItjJ. 

Banish, r.t. Tn condemn to exile. SejIIP- :tS 

military colcmies or colonial garrisons, PJJjg;.!") 

W- '^W- MSi'i. U%'±% ; '0 1"""^'' to an- 
other province, pS]-/ifc : to lianish to a neighbour- 
ing district, fo]^: to banish to the wilds of 
Tartary, F»T5c^ ; tt) banish the devil, jl^.g 
JJg, ; to banish malign spirits, igiJ^JEijiili, 'J^f^ 
P ^K-M'&t ; b) expel one from one's own country, 
jSm^^Jll; to lianish (as bad men from one's 
society), ]^f;fc ; bi banish virtue. |'^<'j|, ; to lianish 
one's self, Umik-M^mM- 
Banislied, j^i^. or «. Compelled hi leave one's coun- 
try, R.m¥- ?<^m±: P5]i§l^; cMven away, % 

Banishment. ». The act of compelling a citizen 
to lea\e his country, f^-^. ]^m^, m%' f^'^ 
fi-'jcW.-?^iii-f^W-'i&r{M- <1»^' banishment 
of danger Imm lire, x^'XiJi; tlic banishment 
of devils, j^5lL '■< expulsion from one's own coun- 
try, jlUlTlvfg ; banishment of 500 li or for 1 
to 8 years. ^ ; of ;2U00 to oOUO li or for life, fjfc; 
banishment for life beyond the frontiers, ^. 

Bank, n. A bank of a ri\er, ^, ipljf-HM- M^- 
ii^, inT?;', jiiiJi : a high liank, jl ; a steep 
bank. l=t)f.-\^\% '■ general d( signation for bank, 
m-m-m-m^-lLMcMi-^^m^ ''levated banks 
ola stream. -/fL, vH'. I^'i^- 'i^- 'UK. ; low bank, •:^^, 
'{J- 'i^- W- v^' il^lW- t" accomjiany one to the 
bank (.fa ri\er. iM5iJ?-f.f • it'iBfiir- 'JMS^ 
j§,igpji^i§ ; bank of the ocean, }j^^^; a sand- 

))ank, ?^7||, r};^, j^ ; a dam for water, ^.^^, 

ii5- m- M- m- is- i&ifi- m- i2}^- i}m- -^^m^ 
m- M^ n)r- i"^- JH- mun- m- m ■ H'^ place 

where the collection of monev is deposited, ^ 

^7- mMi ii?i- mm- mm- miH- mi^ ; '^nnk. 

(governmental I, iii^^ : bank (private), l^jjj; 
llie iJank of England, :;'c?^l3IRfT '• '-^ com- 
jiany of persons eoncernrd in a liank. |f(|5H|R 
^; bank for loans, f^$Jk'6- m^ll-UmW^ 
^^J^M- " ''bind on which jiaper is laid in iJie 
process of being jirinled. |R^. 
Bank, v.t. To a dike, ^i^^^'^.^i- 
liank-bill, n. L'auk-uote. |R^;K, : a bill of excliange, 
"^Ifi- IR^i- liS^. : notes issued liy native bank- 
ers. Ui-'l^;. ii^^Jji : notes issued by imperial au- 
thority. I^IJ;. |i.-,|I^ ; those used during Ibrmer 
dynasties. ^^-'Jj*. 
]5ank-book, n. A book in which the officers of a 
bank enter the debit and credit of a customer, 

Jianker. ii. One who keeps a bank, IRfr^nJi * 
mtJ^mS^ilM'M-mBitj^ ■ H'"'^*' liiuiker, 

mmnvi^i- mm^m- isMiKi- nr>ti- 

Bank-note. n. A pinmissory note, jiayalde on de- 
mand, issued bv a lianking company, J^,|i5i. 
>Sce Bank-bill. 

Bankrupt, n. An insolvent debtor. WitT^t-ifiH' 

rr^^pKff: wi^m- 1 mwu- pm-^- imm- 

Bankrupt, a. ]la\ing commilted acts of bank- 
ruptcy, fjfij. :^;^'.ftij||; lo be bankrupt, ffijff 

Bankruptcy, n. 'f'lie act of becoming a l.iankrupt, 

mn- im- iik^- friTf? ; ^^ i^s failed, f^gj 

Baukriiid-law. n. if\A'^W^M- 
Bankrupt-system, n. A system of laws and legal 
proceedings in regard to bankrupts. ^[4'^^M 

Bauk-sloei;, n. xV share or shares in the capital 
slock of a bank. SJf rlK^>- liSIRft-iDaD}- 

Banner, n. Jjt. i^ljit : a suiierstilinus banniT wilh 
dragons and tortoises on it, J^j; ; banners carried 
by a son at liis father's funeral, Blifj^.jj^-x-.^Pj 
SJSr^-iljjt-W'ilf' ft'?' =' lianner used when 
calling slal( suicn. If^. i^.jt^ : a Ta fii is ordered 
by a plain banner, MiJl^JJ;^^ ! 'i banner used 

-^ Tlie two cliaracters, '2i'n\ "re ut jircscnt ainilii-d to liolh 
a coinjiaiiy, ii lionj;. or tin' proprietor of siifli an ostaMish- 

t 111 buoKs .g- shoiiW l.e subslituteil for |lg£. 




in hunting, ^ ; wlien hunting in the fiplds is 
to commence the tai fai is raised. Jt^^^Wffl '• 
the great banner of an army, ^. ^.:k.'^-^ 
SSt; '1 lianner used by tlie literati upon their 
appointment to an office, Jffi; * a banner with 
l)elis attaeiied to it, and used ))y officers olliigh 
ranic. jiff: a Itanner having plumes and used 
when raisins an army nr lor encouraging the 
troops. f£.'^: banners and streamiu's tioating 
in tlic wind. M'^-ttWIU- '1 hanner un- 
t'ur!id. )|£- !ggf]^;^t: a lianner sijinalizing a 
victory. ^^|i : liannermen. ■Jitf : to bidong to a 
certain banner, jg ; a streamer lioruo at the end 
of a lance or el.sewhere. 1^. ijf, : a jtenmiU at the 
top of the mast of a Cliinese lioat. 5£^\,|ft; jirize 
banners. I.'jj^.-g. jf.ijiglj- ; variegated banners, used 
at weddings. ^^5fi. 

Bannered, a. Fm-nished with banners. ;j^^. 

limnian. ;?. worn for absorbin"- perspira- 

Banquet. ;,. dK||. jKg^. fi|-ig, ^f^. ||. jg;j^. || 
)^ : an imperial banquet, tp'-g: to confer a 
banquet (as His Imperial ]\[ajesty). ^^J^; ; a 
banquet given by the em])eror to the Isin sz 
(M±) graduates. J^^'^. ; a feast given to the 
military kit jin (:^i A) graduates, IR ^ '.g ; a 
feast givin to tlie literary kii jin graduates, g^ 
Rll; : to give a banquet. JJg'^ ; to go to a lian- 
(|Ui't. t^'^. pfi^ : to sit at a l)anquet. •^Jl'f;, g 
i$ : to invito to a banquet. t^\^. |*(?f:. 

Banquet, r. /. To feast, WUf^-WiWl-^M-^'ii^ 

Banqueter. „. A feaster. irgJc^P^ A. fft^/^ii:^. 

Banqueting, a. ov ppr. A feast, f^jg. 'i^.§k- 'M 
^ : princijial director of the lianqueting House. 
li'^lk'^ilf ■■ vice director of the Banqueting 
House. -Jt^!k--^>piji'^: i>rincipal overseer of the 
Banquetin.u- House. %%!k^M-]£: assistant over- 
seer of the Banqueting House. ;^i^^^-7ic. 

Banqueling-house. Banquetina--hall. ?). M'B-\E 

Banquette. «. A little raised way running along 
the inside of a parapet, on wliieh musketeers 
stand to lire upon the enemy, ij^^^. 

Bans, «.pZ. Notice of an intention of uuirriage, 
given in a church. &c., ffijci^^. 

Bantaui. ;(. A (short-leggedj cock. M-il- 

Banter, c.t. To sport or play, H^', ^'M, ^^^i, 

Birds, &c. are painted on it. 

Banterer. ?;. One who lauglis at with pleasantrv, 

Bantering, ppr. Laughing at with a good humour, 

Bantling, n. An infant. i[[ifr$. ff^-J-. )J^52,. iJ^^, 

Banyan, n. ^'cc Banian. 

Baptism, n. Tlie sacrament of immersion, j^jji^. 
&m- ^■mi.m- sprinkling. -Stijif. ^I^- M 

Baptist, ;(. One wdm denies the doctrine of intant 
baptism. mm:kAri- ??! )i?3//5:fc A^. 

Baplistical. «. mM^- mfj^-j. mwM- 

Baptize, v. t. To administer the sacrament of bap- 
lism. mm§.-m&ii$1k^- tohaptlze bysprink- 

ynig. mmi- tmmm- nmm- ftJ5t^ 

Baptized. jW- '"""■ ''" '"' bapli/ed. fM=^. ■^gtlf- 
Bajitizer, n. One who baptizes. SJfj^^-. 
Baptizing, p2/r. Christening, fj^f^-^-. M'dtfs- 
Bar, n. A cross-jtiece of wood. f^/j<. ffi.: tlu' bar 
of a door. t^. p-jp-:]. pVig. \'VIU-U}U- P^^. 
VW f']^- !i- 'is- m- m ■• <!'« ci'oss-bar of a 
cart. jfiJi. $l(. i^i.'^ ; cross-bar of a carriage, ;Jg; 
a crosspieceof wood on the horns of cattle to pre- 
vent them goring, ;}gf|f ; typhoon bars, ^J^^ 
^M.M- '''11''^ 1'"' closing the entrance to a door 
or window. 1^-^. jiifjji: to confine behind bars, 



irs of a prison, \'^ ^. ji^^li : to put in 
±\^: to lock the bars. ^X^^; to shut 

the Ijars. ft'jfppj ; a row of bars Ixdow a window, 
|g. nlS; bar of a grate, f^\i_; a bar. sand liank. 
V}/\% '■ '1 '■0'^''^ i" ^Ji*? sea, Wf^^-: liar-boats, Ig?^ 
^; bars in music, ^; a bar of gold, ^^.. ^ 
:§[: a bar of silver, fjjfi^;-. a liar of iron. §|!|(^. 
^BM; '0 practice at the bar. fi^il^ gp: the in- 
closed placeof an inn, •JjS'ftll-iiSfS' the bar-maid, 
illl?^- iSffi:^-. iS'4?4l'i : the court of justice. 
-iSfP^- :^S (court) : the body of lawyers liceusetl 
in a court. nij![y|: anobsiacle. \i^'(l!§ ; a hind- 
rance, miiL^h ffi^±|p. mm-. -^ nmit. m 

Bar, v.t. To fiislen with a bar, p'^Jf. pjjj! : to bar 
the door. pgjfP'J : to bar the wav. ^J^. Mi- 
tm- Mim ■■ ^" lii'-'^'"'- 01- I'l-event. PH fj. |il 

•M- mm- m\%- '" broiubit. *fi-;iiij. n^. mi- 

Barb. V. fij. ■^J 

li^j. ^. fijgl; the barb 

on a plough, |E. ^^ ;J^J:ij : hook without a barb, 

Bar)), r. t. To shave. r|l]. j^ij. i^lji^ij ; to furnisli with 
barbs. Mm, tifk- 




Barljadiau, n. Aq inhabitant of Barbadoes, CS j 

Barbadoes-millet, n. Holoiis, '^. ^■^. ; 

Barbadot'S-aloes, n. ^'^^M- \ 

Barbadoes-nut, n. 5"5:P[ili. | 

Barbadoes-tar. n. A luiupral fluid, jivjl]. 
Barbarian, n. A man in his rodo. savago s1n<o, 

m^^ B^A' Mi'k, W-A- it^b^A, ^A%m 

fi^A'- <ho four liarbarian tribes who fornierly 
surrounded the '-Middle Kingdom/' ^.'^.g5c- ' 
PC, (|(^) ; the barbarians (man and mak) do not , 
know their country, 'i^i^ul^l^^^f^: tlie barl.iari- 
ans (aljorigincs) of China, uf ^ : * a I'aw sav- 
ago, ^m\ a foreigner. ^ A. "^it- % A- 

Rirbaric, a. Foreign, ^. ^^•. imported from 
foreign countries, 3l$S§P^. vt^ ; nide. gr). 

Barbarism. «. A form of speecli contrary to tlu' ; 
pure idioms of any language. ^Ji|. p|^: vnl- ' 
gar expressions. fiOsff. ffi W- #Poii- ±%- ±olJ ; 
rudeness of mannrrs ^f^ : ignorance of civil- 

ized liie. :fmmm- j>mm- *m^m, - ' 

m^Ji- -WMIVM ■■ ignorance of letters. yj( 
Barbarity, u. Savngvncss. mW^^. M;|, JJiiS- 

^m- I 

Barbarous. «. Uncivilized, ^^if^- 'E^-- !^. lllffe ! 
fi^J- *^*''^- -Sr>^Pfl?- 1*P|?: '^■niel. KiS^, !,1> : 

?i- mE-m- ^mu- ^m- m^^ mm^ mi ' 

t#;# ; savage. llf-Afl^J- 'B:W^- l"'"<'il- MM- ' 
n^im-'i^M- ignorant, .fig- S^Hi- iSi S* : 
a Ijarljarous disjiosition, ^If'];. |^;5 : a barliar- 
ous wife, a Xanthippe, Jg^f . Jg^. I^^f . f| ^:. 
^^: ; unlettered. M^. #[Hffe. ("rctsl^-l'a- # 

Barbarously. aJv. In the manner of a barliarian, 
in @ ^ ii ^, {« SI ^^ -115. ^ ^ P^ : ei™lly, 
MJ2>- ?tS-%- ?>IS>iili; '"'"^•< ))ai-barously, 
W^^H^- VM'ti±Ul^- U> beat one barbar- 
ously, tTiSiF^S'.'K'ftil'' '" *''''at one barbar- 
ouslv, f^'iliiT-ijiMt^ (;V ): l.iarbarous'v written, 

Barijaroiisness. n. Kudeness or ineivilitv of man- 

ii«-S f^:nSM- ^ISJpf ii:-. ^.mH- ^'Silnl ; im- 
purity of language. ;l;[Lji-,i;-. ^),[\_(:^^^$fi : -niolty, 

Barbe, «. Armour of leather, for a horse. ^^^ 
Barbecue, 7i. A hog roasted whole. ^Tf-; an ox 

* The aborigines of Chinii are said to belong to the caiiiue 
tribe, ponie having tails ai)d some not; about 80 tribes of 
them have been described by the Drs. Neumann and Bridg- 

dressed in like manner. ^^, j^4^ : a large 
social entertainment in the open air. 5(5^- 

Barbed, pp. or rt. Furnished with armour, j^^ ; 
bearded, ^^• 

Barbel, n. A fish of the genus cvprinus, ^^. 

Barber, v. mUfM- MM^ UWM ■ a Imrber's 
'•;i"- M*}]- JS^I ; a Ijailier's basin, ffg; a bar- 
ber's siioj). r j',1] yl! ^ : a barber's apparatus, in- 
clusive of seat, &r.. ."isillJjife : one who shaves 
the beard onlv. MMf^- 'Wk\^- 

Bard, «. A poet, =f^t. || A, ^l^- I$fl1, 11^, 
=$fllj ; a bard of liigh renown. S Ail'§- 

Rardana, a. Bardana major, ^^. 

Bai', n. A boy kept for unnatural purposes, 

Barded. a. Caparisoned. W^^\'<- W^%- 

Bare. n. Naked. W^^mU-'^-W^-'^^^-^^^ ■ 
%m^- %P{- %%n- l«re-backcd. IJic^BJJ. 
^T^'BJJ: with the head uncovered. :^yn- J'l 
DM- ^tS •• simple. $i|ig. \^%. lap : without 
the polish oi' rclincd nnmners, f:jir|\li : laid open 
to view. %\^},. njjWc : detected or divulgvd. ^|U 
'^■'BM- bare of money, poor. mMl'AVh-^ 
#HX- —'AW&t- •4<l^'ljt' t^*Sj/:41 : l«re 
arms, \^%. f||| ; a naked breast. f^\^\ : upon 
your bare word, m^^m- mmi^'fi- ill fi A 
-g : to strip bare. fiJi^it- tT^.^'J- -mi% 
-m T'^- - f^f^i'ii rr^lt : bare feet, #|ip : 
thread-bare, mnch worn. ^$\]^h^-^^MiM- 
^Jijil^ ; bare of leaves. piJi.fl). IBM'UK- 

Bare. r. t. To strip off the covering, !)£#,5^!l- ^T'15"' 
fij: to make bare, ^M. -f^;. |fi^; to expose the 
bosom, tltl-;- 

Barelione. «. A very loan iierson. fy/'i'fllj, ^ffe. 

Barefaci'il. ,(. Shameless, impudent. ^Ml\i:-^-\f^ 

Barefacedly, aJr. Impudently. ^;L- JS'-^- 
Barefacedness. n. Effrontery. ^i]<ii- B^iM. 
Barefoot, a. Without shoes and stockings. if]\}L, 

-^M ^m. ^m-'i'Jt'^- T^ 1- It- K- W- Sifi^; 

I barefoot and bareliendcd. ]^fp]fi'J(A- 

Barefoot, a. or ad v. With the feet liare: to come 
I ba rofoot , ^, W ?J$ . Jlif m 2l5 ■ 1"^- M ^ t< ■_ 
I Barefooted, a. Having the feet liare. 
: Baregnawn. «. Eaten bare. j]|t:- ^'^■ 
\ Baregror.nd, n. ^f-JlJ/. 
i Bareheaded, a. Having the head uncovered. ^5^, 

Barelegged, a. Having the legs bare. ■%.'^. 
Barely, adv. Nakedly, -^., %, % 5t,'^Ji^# ; withont 




deeovation, 2p^. H^, ^\^ : scantily, fl|. i|. 
■Ijlfjf;. jH rj; Sfanlily supplied with t lie noccs- 
sariesof liCo OkhtIv oiioiio-|i). {| ft/^ fit; . H H f: 

m-im- iifi- fSi'T- fSfflrTi'T- af nf-M- ^J : 

nioivly. only. ^%. m. fUf?;- ti^'-mfH^-m^- 
Biii-oncss. n. Xakciliioss. /jpl}-. £^ : puM'iiv, tt 

P.:in.picii(.(l. a. Vu-hd In (lio lion(\ pa?|''g-yS, Pi 

R.n't. ». A cnrdiniirs rap. f' ^ifilli:^^ ("Xili). 

]{ai\ii';iiii. ;;. All aii'ivoiin'ut liclwocu iinrtics fon- 
(vniin- (lie snlc of proporty. it HfMfS. tTR 

^■U§j±^^-}- :iii oxci'i'ont lini\Uiiiii. ffHt-rfi 
^: to iii:iLr- liic liost of a liad liaraiiin. flif^J^ 
^ : to sell Olio a liaro-ain. |?jT A- MM ' *" ^^ti'il^i' 

a bai-ain. §^5EKm-tlimi^JfmKt?? : ii I'^i'l 
hargaiii, J: •^, ; Iwrjruin money. tIJJ. ffj^g ; * 
to sell one a p-ood l):irfi-ain. ^^\ ; a dead liai-- 
gain. Kf5-ivT--f(fflTi©3l; by harjrain, ^n 
>f(^;- i^^-}- E^^J ■■ I'l m:il<e Itnrgain. -^"^B- 

Bargain, r. f. or i. To sell, g, '^^ ; to trade. -^.J. 
M^^ ifA^M- f" »ii^l«' '1 eontract. if,iy^_ ; to 
negotiate aliout the jirire. l^lf f^i* : to lix a 
bargain, f^-^. J-^. Ij^^. ^'5^ : to bargain 
i'or, ^^'.j.'^^. if. jf,i : will von liargain with 
me ? iltt ^j^f{ g iff. [cm ^, -gf,-,,jg. 

Bargained, jjj,. 5^-^ : goods conti'aeted for, f-lj'g'. 
^'l'l''Ktt-5E:3^iK : ii^'''<l <l'e lan-ohase money, 

Bariiiiinee. ji.Tlie pnrdiaser. %^. %Vj^. g'lJil 

Bargainer, «. The seller, -f^, Mif^A, H^- 
]?argaininaker. ??. JUti. 
Barge. „. A pleasure-))oat. ifi^fg. jtf;. :j'^ff/;\ fj; 

i'!- WIS : t -^ cargo-lioat, ^jpf. H^fpt. f.f ^li>. 

^^^,: a barge for conveying ii'rain to the ea[u- 

Barge-eonples. 7)./*^ Two lienms mortised (he one j 
into the other to strenciiien the biiildinu-. JS 

Bargeman, n. The man wlio nninaaes tiie barge. 

Bargeniaster, n. 'i'he pro]irietor of a liarge, convey- 
ing goods for hire. %'i%i4\!>l^'.- {l?i±it- 
Barilla, n. % if^. ^. |^^. i^Hp : fine barilla soap, 

* The lattcM- pxjire.'^sion is (hen usfd when only one coi)per 
cash ija ffiveii :js earnest nK)nev. 

t 'I'linsi' hiltiT tlirei' iiunii-s are chiefij- used in connection 
«illi 1, lints iiflinil r.'iailatiiiii. 

^m- -i^^ ; sweet barilla, ±ffifiJM^/!*r- 

Bark, ». The exterior covering of a tree, ^J^, 

#■ ^' %?■ ^ : <lie liark of the innlberry tree, 

;|ff,^*. ij^: the roiigh outer liark of a tree. )^^, 

ltf-0': the middle bark, jjt^: the inner bark, 

l\i:,i] : Peruvian liark (quinine). ^l^llif.pilff; 

tanner-s bark. mVubk- m\n&- lU'lJk- 

Bark. r.i. To peel. ^\h])k- 'M)k- il[)k-¥k. M&, 

Bark, Barque, «. m^AmS-M- l^t/'ii^/fft-^ 

Bark, n. The peculiar noise of doirs. PJ^4,a•^l^ 

m- c ?s.ff I p/cPr- m- 1^- <n: mm, itm ; i>i- 

ces.snnt barking. ^,^. 
Barked, pp. Stripped of the bark, ^l^jk- IM-& 


Barker. ». One who strips trees of their liark. -^ 


]>arking. jipr. Stripping ofH' Itark, ^^\)k- fl'taJ 
)k ■■ making the noise of dogs, tr/f. ^Hift'i?- 

Barking-irons, Instruments used in laking 
of!' the bark of trees. ^\y])k$§.- 

Barley, «. ±^.rm- l"'arl-barley. iX'MmX 

^: barlev bread. :A:g^^Q.; barlev brolli, 0% 

Barley-sugar, «.:*:|^|)|. [7^. 

Barley-watei', n. A decoction of barley, :}^^^^C 
Barm. 11. Yeast. W-Wl^E- 'ii^i^^^'- ''•"'"' '-ak-'s, jig 

Barm v. a. Containing barm or veast. Sf^tfK]). 

ISarn. n. Storehouse for grain, 0;^. ^J^.- \P,J±.- 
Qlh- ^t"'^; fi stable, ,C?,^, |g| ; a cowhouse. 

Barnacle, n. A shell-fish, which is often found on 
the bottoms of ships, itif. : a species of goose. |g 

Barometer. 11. An instrument for measuring the 
weiiiht or pi'essure of the atmosphere. S^lff^f, 

mJ^v^-^xm.mi] ± $\- M % u M n : 

wheel Ijarometer. I^f flUllif .^ : aneroid l.uirome- 
Barometrical, a. I'ertaining to the barometer, JU, 

wmm- mmm'-i- 

Banm. n. A title of nobility. |^, ^flj;^:^ : a 

husband. ^^■ 
Baronage, n. The whole body of liarons, :^ @ ;5^ 

j^^:^; the whole body of peers, ^ff:. 
Baroness, n. A baron's wife or lady, -^ A- 
Baronet, n. A degree of honour next below a baron, 

Baronetcy, n. The rank of a baronet, ^^"'0- 


Baronial, a. Pertaining to a baron, |§||6^, 

90 ) 


Baronv. n. The lordsliip. lionour or fee of a baron, 

Baroscope, n. An instrument to show the weight 

of the atmosphere. ^%U.U%^^- \M- 

Barouche, u. A four-whech'd earriage, §£lp,^,B| 

Barque, n. -^'J^\m\\- '^'''' l^'"''- 

Barra. )(. In Portugal and Spain, a long measure 

for cloths, j^-mWBtMm^M.&^\i- 

Barraeada, n. ft\^. 

Barracan, u. A thick, strong stuff, sumething like 

camlet, ^!j^^, ffi^l^iJ. 
Barrack, n. A hut for .soldiers. :Et<g: a house for 

soldiers, ^'g-, i^jj^, ^-^^ 1;|. i{|-|=. ; ],arrack 

for officers. "gJlE. 
Barrack-master, n. The officer who superintends 

the barracks of soldiers, ^-^"^ ^ "§■. M^W 

Barracoon, n. In Africa, a foi't. ffi-^: a place 
where slaves are kept, jtX.t'^ \ i'^ China, tiie place 
wliere the deluded or kidnapped men are kept 
until they are shipped for Cul.ia. Peru. &c., J§ 

Barras, n. The resin which exudes from wounds 
made in the ))ark of fir-trees, :^|§'i t^S?- 

Barrator. //. One who frequently excites suite at 
law, P^fi. 

Barred, jyp- Fastened with a bar, f^jfj; hindered, 
^nti: ffl-fflv ; fiai)idden. *eP|E. ^fi{|. 

Barrel. «. A cask, $i||g-f|li. ^Iifj: the quantity 
which a barrel contains. — tlTlI'lf^' — *ti! ^ 
barrel of tlour. ^^t^fifl : the barivl of a quill. 
^<§; the ))arrel of a gun. iff^. Itf, p. Jj;: 
a wine liarrel, jji:|^; a water barrel, 7^^^ ; a 
cavity behind the tympanum of the ear, Jfp^j 
^: a tube, ^ : an iron cylinder, |g^. 

Barrel, v. t. To put in a liarrel, as jiowder. A^- 

Barrel-bellied, fl. ^I]g. MfMil- 

Barreled, a. or jip- Ha\ ing a liarrel or tulie : a six- 
liarreled pistol. 7^ P'ig.;^Jj;^E2 ; a two-barreled 
I'islol, ^n^S- WiikM-- a two-barreled gun, 1 
ikm- MJ1-I&: being put in a barrel, Ai^ti, 

Barren, d. Not ]iriiducing ojl'springs (apjilied to 
bea.sts), ;|>|. T>dfe-?fl'jttn -^fif?^"^ : a barren 
mare, l^fffiiJfl-J '• ■> barren cow. 4it^;>iji ; a 
barren womb, .^'Ijff : a liarren wmnan, /fjf^^- 

;^^T,ti| : not fertil(>, as land, m^. J^ffi, 'M 
■\k- mk^ =r^±. rSl : waste. '^^ ^^, '^ ; a 

barren moimtain, fi\\\, ||J5|; a barren year, ^ 
^■l^ ^-M^fX^ ■ barren, uncultivated land. 
T'€±ll- ^Ifiifi : I'arren of interest. Jnt;^ 
Uji' i^ M-^''-f"c : barren matter. 4*^;>^ ; bar- 
ren of news. Jnt-{/J)fe3. ^53 . 
Barrenness, n. The quality of not producing its 
kind ; ap^jlied to women, J^Uu • infertility, J^ 
JiIj ; want of the power of producing anything 
new, §(| ; barrenness of spiritual feelings, §et 

Barricade. 11. A fortification made in haste, |{^, 

^lif:. m^-m- mm- Wim- mi ■■ <o set up a 

barricade, ^^1- mfHW- &x)f5- Mit- 
Barricade, v.t. To stop up a passage, jfllfn^. jlS|f^. 

^, It ; to barricade a street, ^'^. ^f±f}f . 
Barrier, n. A kind offence made in a ]iassag(\ gg 
f^l], frp'] ; a wall for defense, ij^. j^}. |5J^, |t?t^ ; 
a fortress on the frontier of a countrv, |,alaii^ 
•:|. *3=rt?fe-6'. '^mk-^ ; a <ort on "a pa'ss, rs3 
r^Ppln'; natural barriers of a country, %^; 
an obstruction in a road. Jggg. J§f^ ; an ob- 
struction made of wood. ^% ; any obstruction, ^ 

w, mm- 

Barring, j^pf- staking fast with a bar, f^^, (J3 
fi; obstructing, J:P,g, |5j|-/.-;{|! ; preventing, Jh 

Barring-out. v. E.xclusion of a person frout a place. 

Barrister, n. A counselor, learned in the laws, 

qualified and admitted to jilead at the bar, il^ 

^lli^ mm\(i- ;f-:^^a : ii^i<ive barrister, f]|[j|i5 ; 

pettifogger. JlfCtS. |£^Ji.QEi^.g&ni!i. tUlKfilUM- 
Barroiv. n. A light small carriage, ftM. ^Jp.$^ 

;^ ; a hod. ,fl| : a wheel-barrow, i|^. 
Barruw. n. A male hog, castrated, f^)^^. I^^-, 

%sif^: liarrow grease, |tvil]. 
Barrow, m. A hillock or mound of earth, intended 

as a repository of the dead. j^. \MWi- 

Barshot, ?). lloublo-headed shot. ^iJ^jJi^L^^. ]^'J0, 
Barter, v.t. To traffic bv exchaiiiiing one com- 

modity for another. % ^ ^. H^. j^.^ • itIS 

n- ym^w- ym\m- itm- m^- w-in ■ "• 

take cloth and barter it for silk, ^{\i^U.. 
Bartered, pp. tiiven in exchange, ^i§. :^MiS- 
Barterer, «. One who traffics bv exch.ini^'e of com- 

modities, ;K^ff-^^«-- " 
Bartering, 2'i>r. Ki>- ?2i»- 
]]arlliolouiew-day, n. ^iAJl^ + K H ■ it:^- 
]?aryta, n. The heaviest of the earths. ^;J;V j^. 
Ixirytone. u. A grave, deep sound, {^"h • 
Barytum, n. A metal, the basis of baryta, ^M' 




Basalt. 11. A rock of igneous origin, 0,'Xitrii^ 
Basanito, n. Lydian stone, or black jasper, ^^ 

Basbieue, ?i. A literary lady, blue stocking, ^^. 
Base, a. Mran. J5,.j!|. ^M' Jl\^- I^M- ^l- fS 

m- T«- Tf^- wm- %m^ -^m- jm^ 

],ase actions, gfjlil^^^l^. 45.lJlJPKfT^'- Tl^ 
ffl^. TFlS^fr^- ilftlilr^; very base ac- 
tions. Jg;!^. J5,'.}?jJ6]J!g; a base tcllow, /||f^ 
/S ^. — l^" M ^- U> la E * ; Ijase in the ex- 

^^JJIP^ : base nirtal. ^^. p^ : s.ffi 

^f5^#: very couunon. ?;t|t^/iitM- /rlf^l^Pf^e- 
h'k- KM'^ born out ot wedlork. jff.-J, Jt® 
iff (^F): born of a concubine, Sll^ff- ^K.iJ-^ 
iSW^; ''""i f'C fi prostitute, ig^ff, Jg 4' 
iiif ^' +!!•? ; '1^'' 'jfis*^ sound (in music), ^ 

Base, j(. The bottom of anything, ^; foundation, 

m±- im^ iii)^^ Miifc: ti'« ''=i's'^' ^^i' '-^ i''"''>-' 

ttii ttii- tilt- ifc- <i- m- ttSE. I.I- ?i- It; 

tlie liascol a jilough. ^^: the luiseofa triangle. 

Base, c. f. To reduce the yalue )iy the admixture 

of moaner metals, fgj;^.^. MiS^- 
Base-)»rn. n. Itorn out of wedlock; you base-born 

runt. m^M- l*#^l'l^J- >^''->' I5'i«i^- 
Based, pp. Beduced in value, f^i^ ^p. ^^fJJ : 

founde<l. :ftilitiifc- 
Base-hearted. «. Vile in heart, 3JEf|;f, fifj$. 
Baseless, a. Without a l.iasc, ^Mf±. ^MIW- 5K 

Baselv. rt(?c. In a base manner. U^Wi- Bf>U(^^- 
3^UBm ■■ dishonourably, ir)^«. M?.t\- 

Basement, v. The ground tioor of a building, ^ 
i±- JikliC ; Ijasement room. i^JV^M- 

Base-minded, a. ileau, |f)f^. 

Baseness, n. Meanness, .^/[f, #}?; baseness of 
melal, fiSii, fiJiR. 

Basenet. ». A helmet. :g. 

Baso-slring, d. The siring of an instrument. \vhi(di 
produces the lowest note, it la II- ffi'Sfll- <K 

Bashaw. ». The title of the prime vizier of Tm'key. 
f^--^ : the lille nf viceroys, or governors of pro- 
vinces. |§.'^. t*;'Si : ii proud, tyrannical, over- 
bearing man. ^^fMA- Sli^A- 

Bashful, a. As Chinese \v„men. t^il. tfiff, /^||. 

t&t^. ^.D^- ^nK- 1S^- 3^1- W 

Hffifii iir«, lijg. ffiiH- m^ ^m^ m&m^ 
#11], ^BmimM, m, ^m- m.^ «• 

Bashless, a. j^,^^,^- 

Basil, M. A highly aromatic plant, allied to thyme, 

used in salads and soups ; fragrant basil, ^^, 

m^- ^' M i l«sil royal, MM (?)•. 
]]asil. n. The slope or angle of a tool or instrument, 

as of a chisel, ifeP,^(V). 
Basihir, Basilary, a. Basilar process of the temporal 

'wne, %'^. 
Basilic, liasilica. ». The middle vein t\\' Ihe arm, 

Basilicon. )(. An oinlnient, ;^;f/^^;^ {j^^^^^-^ 

Basilisk, n. mRI^Mt 

Basin, n. A deep Ixisin. gl: a tlat liasin, ^•, a wash 
hand basin. MM- aMS- i5tE5£: 'i '"'^in to 
hold water. %M.'- -^ I'i'''' basin, fj^fg^ ; a large 
Ijasin, |g^. ^. :f;f^ : a middling basin, x^^ ; 
a small liasin, )]^i^^. ^i^. S^.. K; a (Ciiinesc) 
soup basin, :^Wjisi ; liasins or dishes for Chinese 
vegetables, ^^; a wooden l.iasiu. ^. Jf^: a 
vessel used in sacrilicing, ^^. Hljiif, MfS; 
a brass basin, ^^ ; a circular valley. IHlJj^ ", 
the tract of a valley, drained by some river, ^X 
^ ; Die scale of a balance. %Jf-^. 

Basined, a. Inclosed in a basin, JjiJIj'^^^. §^i£ 

Basin-sha]ied. a. Having the shape or Ibrm of a 

Basis, 11. The loundaliou of anything. ■J)%j±. J^H, 
?i,W- M^- JB- m ■■ 'iie foundation stone, j^ 
B^- Jife^*'- " M^ ; <lic basis of table, Jg^ 

Bask. V. i. To be exposed to genial heat, it^EFK, 
iilli ■ PJ H • mi: iS'J^- US ■• to be at and 
thriving under benign intluences. VtSMS*^/®" 

Basket. ». A basket with square sides, ^. fg^, 
^ ; a round basket, f|i"j,'g ; a basket lor sending 
presents in, §p{|; general term for a basket, 
fM- !^' ^- :^5£; a basket ^yith a wide mouth 
and narrow bottom, ^l^^; a Iwsket used for 
jmlting the sacriiicial rice into. M.W. '■ ^ ba.sket 
for rearing silk worms, ^: a covered basket, 
^B- tti: ; '1" f''^!"'?''' 1j"sl^<^t, ^li : a lish bask- 
et,;f^^; a globular basket, ^j;^; a market 

* The Chinese liury a number of small figures of cattle 
xinderneath tbe fouudatiou, from which the first stone de- 
rives its name. 


( 93) 

basket, ^f^ ; a money basket, Hff ; a parli- 
tiou basket, fig^ ; a peddliug Iwskct, ja'M ; * 
rattan basket, J§^ ; a refuse paper Ijasket, |K 
^; a round osier basket, ^, ^, i|; a sia'Oiit 
basket, jjf ; a tall basket, ^f ; a sunning Ijasket, 
i||^ ; a tarry Ijasket. '^ : a wheat basket, g^Sfg ; 
a' basket scuttlr,. jJU^', ^^f : a dirt basket, ^^ 
WM-'^nMM\Ji'^^,±W.^W'^^-^^ '»sket lor 
taking iisli. f}.^,/), f^'i^^., 7^ ; a basket lor eon- 
taiuing sacrilicial fruits, i^lt', a basket used 
in saei-itieo, ^; a liasket for rice, i|-*flf, 1^1'^, 
$g, ^; a basket lor washing riee, % t;fe7(t,il; 
a scholar's basket. |&"|j ; a wicker Ijasket, ^ 
^; a grain basket, 'J^^; a basket for chop- 
sticks, ^fi, 'frr^: a fruit basket, ft J^fF; ■'' 
basket for [wultry, ^gfl^; basket inadeof Mow- 
ers, :fgff : a basket to carry pigs in. )^'^. If 
ffS". Iffg; oach basket of coal, j^-^^. 

Basliet-hilt, n. A hilt of a sword which covers tlie 
hand with a kind of Iwsket work, ijiliirigii. 

Basket-maker, v. ftSiJflilJf^?. fi^BM'S- 

Basking, jj^i-. Eximsiog ov lying exposed to the 
continued action of the sun or heat, fS. 

Bas-relief, n. See Bass-relief. 

Bass, 11. In music the )>as's {g^, {Es|, i&M- i)C 

Basset-horn, n. A musical inslrument resembling a 
clarinet, but of much greater compass, :k.'m- 

Bassetto, n. \lMk- 

Bassini't, ». A wicker liaskct, with a hood over 
oni! end, in which iufanls are placed, \ii'^, \j^ 

Bass-mat, n. flatting made of the inner bark of 

trees, m&l^- 
Bassoon, n. A musical wind instrument. J^^p^'i^i- 
Basso-relievo, n. See Bass-relief. 
Basso-repieno, ;?. The base of a grand chorus. |§|_ 

Bass-relief, u. Sculpture whose liguresdo not shmd 
out far from I he ground. mi^±T^- W'^t- f? 

emn^ mmm: miMm' mmi^- i^im 

Bass-viol, n. A musical inslrument, used lor play- 
ing the bass or gravest part, ft'ffflli- 

Bast, 71. The inner l)ark of the lime tree. |i}j[£^; 
a hassock, which see. 

Bastard, n. A natural child, liorn of a coueuliine, 

imjj-^ 3iii'^T' Iff:"?- "^Rf- rn'Mi', tm 

4^. '/'. III. fill) 111 : an iliegiliinale child. Jf -J. ff 
fp- f/.T^- *!tfil ■ ""' '''''''1 "'■ •! I'n.stitute. -:g|^ 


^:^l=p: Ijastard animals, Jl®!^; false, not 
genuine, fg, f^fg. 
Bastardism. n. The .state of a bastard, ffi-;-?il^i 

Basiarili/.c. r.^ To prove to be a bastard, ifiiijll] 
:>W- ~^m?.i 'dim ; to beget a bastard, ^^%J', 

Bastardly, adi. Spuriously, jSij^l'^. 

Bastard -parsley, n. "Af. 

Basle, v.t. To beat with a stick, Ij^^^J, J^lt^^TA- 
JiltiuiTA- +hff ; to moislen wilh fat or oilier 

liipiid. ifi\k]if./i]\]. ^r^ii-jiD- 

Baste, r.f. To sew willi long slilches, f^J. jfilil^. 
^■'^nliffj- iFijCltifellJ; to bi^ste clothes. ]^l'M]\^. 

Basted, pj^. Beat wilh a slick. tIttTiS • m'lish'ncd 
with fat or oilier r.iatter in roasting. J^j^vjll, 
f^i^Vlil : sewed together wilh long stitches. ;^ 

Bastinado, Bastinado, n. A .sound beating with a 
slick or cudgel, ^A, iJ'^J'- ^% im^ ^ 

% ffRm- ni^m, t^^, ^w ^ #^ ; =1 lA'ai- 

ing ail offender on the soles of his feet, ^JIIKlfR, 
^M. i^MH- punishment of baslinado, |j?|ij. 

Bastinado, Bastinado, v.t. To beat w'ilh a slick or 
cudgel, tStl, mi- 

Basting, ppc. Beating with a stick, IS^J; moist- 
ening with dripping, j|^; sewing together with 
long stitches, -Xl}^^ll 

Bastion, n. ffi. Mlg, MFPiM- IMJi- m^- 

Baston, Batoon, «. A round moulding in the base 
of a column. m|i[. 

Basyle, n. Any electro-positive ingredient of a 
compound, performing the functions of an ele- 
ment, 'il^I'^fx- ■^^''^ Badical. 

Bat, 11. A iieavy stick, broad at the lower end, and 
used to strike the ball in game of cricket. ^Jf^ 

Bat, n. A mammiferous animal, having a body 
resembling that of a mouse, j^^. \^[^^^. ilf^^. 

MB.- fitffl. m^- 1 mm- smb.- i^m, i\m, 

Balardeau, n. A cotler-dam, which see. [niJJ. 

Batavia, n. The capital of Java, I^iflPG. P^ltr^ 

* JliLs is afso used for a cliikl of a conculpiTic 

f Tliis and llie following are also aji]Tlicd U> iliildirii born 

oiil c.rur.Uuck. 

+ 'I'li'^ Ij^i. :iiid HJK are said to -be the " (lying siiuirrol, " 

lliDiiirU Kunirlii nuiUt's no such distinction. 




Ratavian, a. Pertaining to Holland, or the isle of 

Betaw in Holland, r.'Jiiill'fc ?!tI1 a fi^- 
Bataviau, n. A native olBetaw, or Holland, ^tifi 

Batch, )i. The qiuinlity of broad baked atone time, 
—MB- — Fj®H; ""5 same batch, [p]sg, — 

Bate, 11. Strilb, |Ia^, ^-^^ §\^; to make bate, 


Bate, v.t. or i. To lessiai. ^Sc(3 Al»ute. 

Bateau, n. A light Ijoat, JJlglM:- 

Baleful, «. Contentious, ^^t*- 4/-^' ifUft- 

Batenites, Batenists, Batenians, 7*. jil. A sect of 
apostates from j\Ioliaiuiuedism, f^[al[B|fi^. 

Bat-fowling, n. A mode of catching birds at night, 
by holding a torch and beating the perch where 
they roost, ^[^UMi- _ 

Bath, n. A plac(.' tor loathing. a#M, 'i^lt- f^^' 
^iim- i'ftPJi-'^ vessel for bathing, -m ^ & m 
^; a vessel lor cold bathing, •gt;,')';^ ; a little 
bathing pond, f;t#?|;?{&, i^^ ; to take a bath, 
^f'^, ?5fc#, W<:'^, (i$ is used instead of p\ 
by the Hakka), ^;J.. f5t?|;. 

Bath, Order nf the, n. A high order of British 
knighthood, *■ -53 f|: — the first class of the order 
is Knight (iraud Cross, ^'—S^j^'^; the se- 
cond class of the order is Knight Commander, 
^Zl^^U; the third class of the order is 
Knight Comiianion. 'B^'^^M- 

Bath-brick, n. A preparation of calcareous earth 
in the form of a brick, used for cleansing knives, 
i/<*'f*- >K^%^ : bath-brick cakes, >K^m- 

Bathe, v.t. To wash the body. J^^. -m^. =^\^, 

Mk. si-st, mm- miii- afi- mm^ w<h\ ; to 

bathe a. corpse, f^/^", \^ ; to Ijathe a wound. \^ 

Bathed, fp. AVashed, as in a bath, 556 j'§, '^(IfjH ; 
moistened, j^j'S7jC, f^i^ ; her whole tiody was 
bathed in tears, MJ)(tfl#; *'-''ii's bathed bis 
cheeks, ^SHS- 

Bathing, f-pr. or ». Washing Ijy immersion, '^ 
^, 'i^k ; bathing-room, mkm^ \^'^^ >S?S=; 
men and women should not bathe in the same 
bathing-room, ^^^^illrl>; bathing-tub. gt 

^5i- jtf a- m^- mm^'i^' 4f, £; h was 

engraved on his balhiug-lub. 5{f |g : the festival 
_of bathing liudha, f \^%B- r^iilijhalhnig- 

* Knight Grand Cross of the Bath (K. G. C B.) : Knight 
Commander of the Bath (K. C. B.) : Companion of the 
Bath (C. B. or K. B). 

t Tliis festival is ccleLrated on the Sth day of the fourth 
Chinese moon. 

dress or gown, j/fe ^ f;^, ^^K : water for bathing, 
'dtM^Pt^K ; water for bathing the head, gfc 0^ 

7K, UyK- 

Bath-room, n. An apartment for bathing, -^^ 

Batinff, ppr. E.-ccrptiuii-. \.^^'J , I^Jt^^I', P^,. ^, 

Batist, a. A fine linen cloth. ij}Jl^\i. 

Ballet, )!'. A stiuarepieceof wood for beating linen, 

a ballet for beating silk, ^I-.MslJfi. |!^. 
Batman, n. One who has cluiige of tlit^ cooking 

utensils, ^mm^-fi, m^W-M'M^- 
Baton. Batoon. u. A stall', j^: a uiarshal's stall'. * 

'■a liatoon held in the hands of ancient stales- 
men, '|?j ; the lialoon of a king, stft^ : the ba- 
toon of a duke, |ar|; ; the batoon of a marquis, 
f='^; the batoon of an earl, |ijr|: ; to hold the 
batoon, ^tffr; a mark denoting illegitimate 
birth. fZliJ^i.!. 
Balrachia. Aniuuils of the frog kind, ^^ 

mi'^^m^fm- ' [iri^ji. 

Balrachian, a. Pertaining to frogs, [li^f^. gjflE 

Batrachite. „. tWi".^- 

Batrachoid, n. llavinii' the form of a froa:, 'l.f ^ 

Batsman, n. In the cricket game, the one who 

wields the Iwt, ^l^j^K^A- 
Battalia, n. The order of battle, fjjilsti. 
Battalion, n. A body of infantry, consisting of 

frotn 50U to 8UU men, ^g. —W^^. \^. 

Baltalioned, a. Formed into battalions, f^Jg, ^ 
Battel, v.i. To grow fat. 8ee Batten. 
Batten, v.t. To latlen, ^JJE, ^WBE'E f^W.- 
Batten, n. Piece of board of a few inches in 

breadth, ^#t, — (ifi^lfg. 
Batten, v. t. To fasten or nail down with battens, 

Battened, pp. Fastened with battens, Jfli^jl^JH 
tS^* ; become fat, ^^LmU% r<^\k- 

Battening, n. The act of attaching battens to 
walls for nailing up latlis. fr:&|!,^K : 'l^e bat- 
tens thus attached, f^ jg^*. 

Batter, v.t. To beat with successive blows, ®tT> 
^^ ■ ''^liii- ,^JT- ^ ^k^il : to attack with en- 
gines of war, iXiT^ iXM- MM ; lo batter down, 

Batter, «. A mixture of several ingredients, as 

* A nmr-siial's staff i.s a ladge of the highest military 
honour, 7iM±^%SLmX?M±.T&^- 




flour, eggs, &c., ^$[. 
Batteml, j^P- Beatpu. 'iMfHi^- ^JCiJ^- )>riiised. 
#Ti§i¥ : impaiml )iy wearing, mm^ I^M 


Batteror, n. One who batters, ^^J^, JXfS^M 
#T^ ; to batter to pieces, jj^i^- 

Battering, jij"- ^#T' H^T ; deniolisliing, Sjn^^ ; 
smashing to fragments, fjl^: battering pieces, 
mME- ±W^- ±^^- battering trahi. S|ifc 

Battering-ram, n. A military engine nsed to lieat 
down the walls of besieged places. ^^;jig, * ^ 

Battery. «. The act of battering, MfS^^Xfi^^ 
ffii^ ; a place of defence or assault for large 
ordnance, fej.^ ; a small place of defence or as- 
sault for large ordnance, ^; a defence raised 
on level ground, -^lli ; an electrical battery, 
ll5Vn'- 1 mU-^ ; 'I galvajiic battery. Mm^ 
^^'S^f?; + ^'ii'^l battery, ^iftfi^S- 

Batting. *?. Cotton, in sheets, prepared for quilts, 

Battle, n. An encounter between enemies, ^— t^, 

^-liiit, n—w- n-m ■■ foutrst. is^. ^Tfi •. 

to join in battle, ^^. ffg. fJ-Rli.. ^^ft f.\i^, 
mm- to offer battle. TlJift- t*f)i«-jllc»-; 
to provoke to battle. |^p|. ^^ : to gain a bat- 
tle. tTlitt- 4Tm: to l"'^'' ^1 I'aiti.'. llS-tTHi- 

^TSitt^ ^Am- mt ^-it mm ■■ micenain is- 
sue of the battle. IHg^/iL. ;p^JiM: nish- 
ing intu battle, ^■. to gn into battle, i^l>$; to 
set in battle array. ^J[;|;jiT.. ^iJiSjJI; battle array, 
Pfjfe, mW^ #)J^P4i|)- ^*Ff-; '0 decide the is- 
sue of the battle, J^ Hi Illt.yt5>i!Ji. ^Bft : 
a bloody battle, JEP— i|- —|'4ijfiLllc ; an un- 
successful battle, —fiflili : a pitched battle. :k. 
jf-J-^i^ ; to avoid battle. ^"^ : a drawn battle, 
$IMT>;£ : l-»=ittle field, m^- Pet- 
Battle, r. i. To contend in tight, ^j. ^pj, ^fafjj, 

55: ic.^T He- 
Bat tie-array, n. mw- 
Battle ax. Battle axe, n. A weapon of war, :;^^, 

Battle-diior, n. An instrument of play, ^J^^f^, 
Battle-ground, n. Seat of war, Ijcife- 

* Tliis is .still used Ijy large bands of robbers for smash- 
ing tlie Iron giilc's of walled jilaces. 

t mm]^i^m<iis± 'Jcnm>ii '&i\]mk ^ssii:?*;* unm 

Battlement, n. A wall raised on a building with 

embrasures, ft*, Hj, j^, ^A, MH- Mil- 
Battle roval, H. A tight with lists, :^iT- PJ©- 

Battology, ?!. A needless repetition of words in 

speaking, HiBS'- 
Battulate, v.t. To interdict commerce, ^jLjS'iS- 
Batus, «. ^. la^. 
Baubee, n. A half-penny, ^^^/g- 
Bauble, n. A tritliug piece of huery, ^!\j/i. g^gg, 

Bauhinia, n. Jlounlain ebony, |^^. 
Bauhinia Candida, ii. ,1^3$^]. 
Bauhinia scandens, n. g^^^g' f^^^- 
Bawble, «. A gewgaw, JM^^U'^- M^Sf ■ 
Bawd, n. A person who keeps a house of jirostitu- 

tiou, mm- ,^ll- i A- li^, -^CA- Amyfi; 

a woman bawd, £4^, |C}#- [ll^-Jg^- 

Bawd, t. i. To provide women for lewd purposes. 
Bawdry, n. The practice of procuring women ibr 

the gratification of lust, g-:g^i, MB'M'- o')- 

scenity, f^,^.; unchaste languagv, M^S^W ; 

illicit intercourse, ^^, fii^^ ; fornication, fj 

Bawdy, a. Ubsceue, i!f[5f^ ; unchaste, 7f^. 
Bawdy-house, n. A house of prostitution, ■:g5|3^, 

-^^^ilh- i?.^- ■:&^m- k^M- i^m- *#■ ^t:# 

m- ff 1- ?^fi3^ ^g j5, i^.fe, ii^^, im^ m^., 

Bawl, r. ('. To cry out with a loud, full smmd. P^ 

M- n^\t pf-i'i nw^- pi^f;!- mk^ m^^ mM- 

MB- M- !t. f-l- l^S ; to bawl in anger, g,f|, 

It- M- dl^- 
Bawling, jjp)-. Crying aloud, i^^'^^. 
Bawm. Bawu, v.t. To adorn, flitili- 
Bawsin, n. A badger, J^Jf-. 
Bay, rt. I'eddish, inclined to a chestnut colour. ■^, 

g, ; a fiay horse, ,|^. :^,,r|| ; a bay coloured cow, 

Bay, «. An arm of tlie sea. extending into (lie 

I'lnd, mn- m- mm- m, m- mf^>- mm- m\^i 

l^m- n. n ; the bay of a wall, ig p . ^'^. 

Bav. n. At bay; to keep at ben/ denotes to ward 
otf an attack, ^S. Jg. mi±-m«.- mW.- "^-^^ 
P ; to keep an eneuiy at liay, tlUjl^- ^6^- 

Bay, v.i. To bark, g/j; to encompass. See Embay. 

Bay-lree, n. A species of laurel, j^^. 

Bay-window, v. tL'ilU^-;^^- 

Bayard. n. A bay horse. ,||5 ; an unmannerly be- 
holder, gffe-. 

Bayonet, n. A short, pointed, broad dagger, fixed 




at the end of a musket, Ifi^TT, IfcM'-^TJ- W 
ltJi;> 77- ^m ■■ to fix the bayonet. '^MsiMU, 

Bazar, Bazaar, 77. In tlio east, a market place, i^* 
■^T ; ill Honskonsr. iiij. #f iff . i^TFIf. 

Rlplliiiiii, n. A giini-resin, iiroducrd iiy a tree 
from the East Indies. tM§lf • 

Be, t r. ?'. fiihttfiinfiri' ; ]i|ir. hi'itu/ : pp. leeii. 
^- ^- 75. f^. 'B- m m- lS- W: not to be, 
^■. lo lip well. f]j^^. fi;{t- ^^Jt: to 1"^ "n- 
wcli. 115^0*^. PE^^j^: io"iTe woll done 
or .suilin.H- one's wishes. ^.Vt(. tjV^. ^^^ : 
to bo at home. f|^^^. If.^-. ;ff.P^. p^.^Pf : 
lo be wifliin. :gp^. P^.pp : to lie withoiil. X± 
5h- I>^^h3|!: t" I"' on (he Table. ltJ:|J:. ^If^ 
±: (0 be rieh. ^$^. mit- >gntif&-- to 
•<'t I'o. iitiW- i*a.: it must bo. -^i^.. ;£,^, : 
lo be (to exist, or lo have absolute existence), 
^ ^;W*?s- 15^:5: W ; to be tired. ^. ff : to be 
very tired, ij jf|f'§ : to lie present. ^■. to be 
{i'ood for nothinu'. ^ct'ffl ; to be of use. ^^; 
to )je in office, fi^-g -. to be an<jry. ^|^. ^*c. 
?! 1^ : to be pleased at. f^^ : lo be pleased 
with, n^; Ite oarefnl. ^,1^: ho off. ^P^. ^{^[fl]. 
^fi: to be with eliild. ;f #. ^ZfO, '\f^^. ^ 
^-; be silent, ^=-. PJ^,^/g. ^,^-t|: bo. the 
passive form of the verb, is expressed by ^ (to 
see), f^. ^, f§, ^ : to l)e happy, ^fR ; to be 
poor. ^-{Ig : to be ill-treated. ^^ : to lie taiio'lit, 
as a pnpil. -^H; lo be loved. m^.U^-M.^: 
to ])e seen, fff^ ; to be laughed at. J|.^ : to 
lie made. 5Jjg : to lie hated of men. :^ Aj^lftH. : 
to 1)0 found, ta?^. i^m ■ to be esteemed. ^ A 
y'iitit ;fiSU'^ A ; be olf with yon, Tfr>±f^ • 
be it known. B3'^: to be or become a man. ]^ 
A ; to be company tor one, P^^. 

Beach. ». The shore of the sea.' J§i§. ff ^. ^^^i 

mi'M- mM- ?i^. ilit. 

Beached, rr. Exposed to the waves. SJ^ffiJiJftT- fii 
mtf- ■^m^J'tW ■■ (li-iven on a beach, frlf^- 

Beacon. ». A sional of fire. <}^M- 'KM^^- 'Xtt- 
jlgiyj:: a liiihihouse. ^|rJ§J« : a benemi at sea, 

* A J^ isa pl.ace, where on certain fixed days goods are 
e.vchanged or exposed for sale ; a 1^ is a regular market- 
place, where goods can be got at all times. 

t In writing or literary e.xercises the verb to he must be 
sparingly us;"d. ]]i is in the Classics frequently substituted 
tor Id he 111 ils vuriousforms, as:— Benevolence is humanity, 
'fcS'Alll : the Due Medium is the fundamental law, which 
all should obey, t\>^^XT^J<V^\il (see author's Gram- 
mar, P. II. p. SO). 

beacons in a harbour, j]^'^ ; a beacon on a sand 
bank, fpm±.^L- ^7KI!; that which gives 
notice of danger, fgl^f^. fRlE. 

Beaconage, n. iloney paid for tlie maintenance of 
a beacon, l^^^im- ^IJlHi- 

Bead, n. A little perforated ball. Jjc: a string of 
beads, —'i'.S^. —ft J*. —Ml] J* : one bead. — 5g 
5^, —145^ ; court beads, ^S^ : aromatic beads, 
#J;^; the beads or rosary of the priests. -^J^, 
;2;5^: the rosary or beads of the Eoman Catiio- 
lie.s. ^iIf|Sffrli,-g:J*. 3iifif,,-g:T^; the rosary 
of Mary, M^i]^J^3^: the 18 beads (or rosary) of 
the Budhist priests, ^ffl + A^: a rosary of 
33 lieads (used by IJoman Catholicsl, H+Hfi^ 
;t:5t: a rosary of (in |,ca,ls. 7^-|-Hfl^,^5*; to 
.say one's beads, rgij^.llrl^ : a string of aromatic 
beads, — ,^tT^. 

Bead-tree, n. Sapindus. ^,f,}^ ; the seed of bead- 
free. ^.^•.^■ 

Beadle, 71. A messenger or crier of a court. ^ 
fii- m^- -fSffji- .^$iJ: '111 officer, whose business 
it is to punish petty offenders, ^fji. 

Beadleship, n. The office of a beadle. ^'f^±,^. 

Beadmaker, n. One who makes beads. if^^Ml'H- 

Bead-proof, a. Spirit is heail-i)ronf when, after 
shaking, a crown of babbles will stand on the 
surface, ^j@. iij^jl. 

Bead-roll, n. Among Koman Catholics, a list of 
persons, for the rest of wiiose souls they are to 
repeat a certain number of prayers, which they 
count by their beads. i\^-M.±.^W-- 

Beads-man, n. One praying for another, dropping 
a bead at each prayer. f^fijj.'gj^-^-. 

Beads-woman, n. A praying woman, .'ftj^;^,^ A- 

Beagle, n. A hunting dog. ^^. 

Beak. n. The bill or nip of a liird. ^. '^l^. 1%'^. 

wn. M,m- m- p*. m- w.- itr, m; <" pi--^ -t 

grain with the bill, P^ ; I would rather be a 
fowl's beak than a cow^s tail. ^:^i|n ^^" 
4M ; * the beak of a galley, jl^^. 

Beaked, a. Having a beak, ffi^. 

Beal. v.i. To swell and come to a head, ^ ]jf , Jll 

Beam, n. A principal piece of timber in a build- 
ing, that lies across the walls and serves to 
support the principal rallers. -X^. JEtl- W. 

^: f 5^- nm- Mtt. "^if^- m- w^ ^- m- ^^ 

W.' ^^: the carrying beam, ^4f : beam of 
the nose, ^-^ ; beam of a ship, ff-f^, fg|;.Fft. )S» 

«l^ in ^-m.^^- 


l£;fcli^ ; the beam of a plough, i^^ ; a beam 
under the eaves, Hff:; a beam of light, -^^i; 
the beam of an am-hor, fglpf ; beam of a liridge, 
^^; to fommit suicide liy hanging one"s self 
toabeam, f.f^g^. 
Eeam, v.t. or i. To send forth or emit, as liglit, or 
to emit beams. ?|-3t- •§! 7t : bi Ijenm with de- 

ligiit. m^%m^ 'm(m&.- ■sfisiit- 

Beam-feat lier, n. One of (lie long fcatin'rs in tlie 
wing of a hawk. ^M^^- 

Beaming, 2'j>)'. or rt. Emitting ra^vs of light, ^|^. 

Beaming, n. Kadiation. f,^%. ^1%. 5EF4R1; tl'e 
beaming of genius, j^ %^^^h- -"yiMW^^- 

Beamless, a. Emitting no rays of liglit, ?F|f ?t- 

Bean, n. A kind of pulse, jy", 11.1?.; long beans, 
doliohos, jy. ^; In-oad lienns. |^ j? : ensiform 
beans, ^l^ ; black lieans. S,^ ; soy lieans, ^ 
^ ; small red beans, #.)]\ii; ; red beans, $[_jf ; 
large beans, :^jj ; small beans, jJnjo. ; French 
beans, jj_ % ; white beans, ^ jf. ; horse beans, 
tS a ; hean pods, jf jiS ; bean sprout greens, i^ 
M.W^- t^can curd, ^\§„ $1^; bean curd 
jellv, M^i^'- I't^fJi ™i"'^ cakes. ijl§!ltc.'- ''f-^n 

stafks, :t:^, 35. 

Bean-cake, «. ^.ff, .l?;^. 

Bean-cod, «. A small lishing vessel. f&,^. f&,-fy- 

Bean-goose, 7;. |t|^. 

Bear, v.t. or /. : prct. hove, ; pp. hnrn. home. To 
carry (on the back), #, jif , ^^. ^^ik-\t- U- M- 
to carry on the slioiildcr. H, |5"#K- #1 inf: M 
?!f • %M- ■^^^ #• Ifiif- ?i ; <o fiU'i'.v f"i <li'' lic'^il, 

cliildren. ^f^, ^^. ^f-f , glj- : to bear in the 
womli. 'l^ljff: to bear a son. |f-]ff: : to bear a 
daughter, ^% ; to l)e:ir witness, f^fg ; to liear 
the responsibility. ^Ji:Tf?:.^flt^filL^Pp^tl 
V:g5fdlPJfr.1 ; to hear ),unishmrnt. ^Jp). ^^J: 
I bear the expenses, gfTI;'®;. A-:J!tSi:-fii^f''i'-.f4 
H{^ ; to tiear one company. |![i^^. |!'^fl- ; to ))ear 
a sword, 1l$(gl];to bear a nanic. ff^ ; to bear 
a date (as a letter), ^QJ-: to bciir a price, 
^mm- to bear resemblance. [f^Sj. ffjfia- ^ 
fy ; to l.iear a gond face. ^Jlii;:Vg, : to bear one 
good will. M^ : to bear a grudge, IliM., ^ifi. ; 
to ))enr a liurden. ^Htf lEf : to bear in miiul. J: 

»ii>. ^^- z^m- ^^ m^^- IBM- ut- mt- ti 

B^j6-ii7ffiii:>. B7)i:-#t>rb>ti<BH: yu aia not 

liear it in mind, f;);^?;^ | )]^: lo bear (he loss, 
'^mk; lo liear palirntly, S®, S^. ^S>. 
-&§• W&- a^^ i^'2^-< 'f^'fe-- liard (u boar it 
patiently, 1tl;fl'^JS„P5?^«flH±; to bear fatigue, 

( 96 ) BEA 

ft^; to bear cold, W% '0M W^^ ^ Mi^ '^ 
cannot bear his tyranny, ^^Jgttli" ^ •* is diffi- 
cult lo bear these hardships. Jt^HiJ: to bear 
difficulties, *|ff, ^fi. if|: fliis word does not 
bear that .sense, VJiffi'^-H^ i^,\WM ■ to '""'ir 
away, ^■^, ^^ : to bear down. Jfgf;j: : to liear 
(oiler) up. 4$f± : to ])ear a blow or misfortune. 
S-ll- t® : to bear hardships, '^r^^ : to bear 
on a sutiject, ^g-ffef^ ; to ))oar with. \§i±. -^ : 
I can no longer boar it. Il?f^if|f±, P^fiS^^^ : 
to liear as well as 1 can, ^^jjl ; to liear the 
lilame, ^^. : to bear up under calamities, ^ 
!j'i : to bear interest. ^ ,g, : lo bear misery. ^ 
"S" ; to liear pain. ^'^. g^ ; to bear an injury, 
Pz:f5- tet? : to liear in a certain direction, ^[f 
1^ ; to liear down. ^§"f : to liear heavy respons- 
ibility. )5;g, iAM '■< when you bear heavy re- 
sponsibility, punishment will Ije equally severe. 
fi:^ft£ '• worthy to bear oflfice. igJr.ffi : to 
bear away, to sail before the wind, |i A^lJH ; 
to bear up. as a ship, j^ jg. g^JJ! ; to bear a- 
gainst, lilJf^J ; to bear hard upon an antago- 
nist. [Uj^ : to bear with, or be indulgent, § 
i\l- J2^fi!l- "M-k ■■ 1 cannot bear to see it. ^qp 
S«il : I eonnot bear to do so, ^ij I^S^iiljlfc ifi] ^. 
Bear, i;. Ursus. f^,.f^,A ■ the red bear. '^,nk ; the 
white liear, ^ : a she liear, -f^fk ; a Ijear's palm 
(a delicacy), f^ ^, ^|ii',f : gall of bears (a med- 
icine). ;nft!)M; tlie constellation of the TrsaMa- 
i"''i '^t^' to worship the Ursa Major, ^■5[. jjg 

Bear, ]5ere, n. A kind of barley, i^^^. 
Beai-able; «. That can lie borne, li]":^fEf, RTSf^- 


Bearablv. «</c. In a bearable manner. ■^l^iPfjy 


Bears-breech, n. ^|t^'- 

Bear's-ear, n. -^Iji. 

Bear's-garlic, n. lljl.^- 

Bear's-grease, n. Bear's fat used for promoting 
the growth of hair, fti.'{\l]. 

Beard, n. The hair that grows on the chin, ^ : 
the lieard around the face, ^"jl^ ; a flowing 
beard. ^ ; the mustaches, ^^^, A^M- fSil 
M> M¥fff' 3HuM : til'' whiskers. H^*,^; curly 
whiskers, ^^, f#^l^, ^M : to shave the 
lieard, \i',\\^i ; to wear the beard. £7^-, -^^ : to 
moisten tlie beard (a festival given by friends 
to the person who Ijegins to \q{ his beard gmw), 
MM ■> ^i<? liiis a beard under the chin. ^T^ 
^ ; to twirl the whiskers, flPf ft ; I will pull 





out your beaixl (said of au eldor, wlien lie aels 
contrary lo jiislicc nud oqnily), ^^iSSi-l^ 
% ; (o dyo llifi Ijpard (wliicli is (illcii ddiic by 
offioors wlipii bf-iii^a" pn sen led (o His .MajeslyJ. 
^fkth^ii' 'I"' I'-iii' "'"' '"■I"' 1'''^'' '"^""' 
liiriied <x\-,\\. ^(i^i^u '■ "'" "*'' pl'iy "'"' ■'' 
ligor's lu'ard (he caivlii; !|. ^jjJt^ifeiH • ''"' '""I'd 
of iU-raiii. ^l{f. -^ : llic heard of ^ ; IIh> 
. lioard or rice. #. ||?. ^^. !fl. JfcS^- : •! Il^wiiiy- 

a long, eiirly board. L'{L'.\f. : a goal's beard. :-|;'||',- 

^ : lo )iln<-k oiit or exlracl llie Ijeard. {XM '■ '" 

fondle the beiinl. }5;g^. 
Boarded, a. Ihniiig a beard, as grain. l^jQi ; 

boardi d as men. fjl?. 
J3oardK>s. a. §^}!-M- MWi^- if^frJ^'i '■ y"H".!i- ^(• 

^^M : an agid man without a lennh i^§i 


Bearer, n. As a oiiaii--l.earei-. fiS^c-fiSS'i-^n'lMffe- 
Hl.rTj : n eooli,.. ^M^. ^iUffg. &!i>f.,^jt^. M 
^. Iij^nill: a hearer o| letters, i^^ fn :«-. ^^fn^^- 
Tfe^fa : a bearer ol di s|iatehes, it,i^. >t35.'l!T : 
boarois of despatoboK lo or from His Imporial 
Mnjpsly. iiii'M^: a liigli iniporinl offieor. who 
is llip boaror of di spalohes. f)^^ : one who hears 
a corpse lo 1 ho grave, J:X' ^ boarors and 8 
Qulriders, At/,vUffi- 

Bearing. Tjpr. Carrying, ^-^jl-^i': predneing. 
j^. ^: bearing in a eerlain direction. ^n[^>J- 

Bearing. ,,. Iv-portmont. ,^,f7-. ,\?,t?r. i■^}a■ i^.'W- 
Sia- 't?&: liohavioar. rr®-^i'!fj-^i±: 'Hi''"- 
tion. ^[triij. t'SlJj. '/TIm]: iI"' hearings of the 
.compass. J|-;V if.j. Jfjf^. ; to stier a ship aecord- 
ingto tile bearin.usol tiie hin(K ^lU^J'iJilftl^. 
^filhli^i '■ =1 downward liearing. as in idii d- 
birtii. Ofi" ^{^ =litj : Hie regular bearing pains (last 
stage). lEgl. 

Bear-sliin. ». fit JJC. 

Beast, n. Bj/i: 'wi'd beast. lef- ?i^. lU -f^li : foroeions 

beasts. Jifi. ^Kj;: domeslie 1 ms. *^. jjjr 

n: any four-tooled animal, ^-m/c. pi-15it|l^^ 
Jfli; a i)east of burden, ftfj;. uA' ■ ^ brutal 
man. ^/^. J^A. ^ h. n^mk- 1"^ wbo 
acknowledges no lather nor prime is like biids 
and boasts. f^/f^^;V. ^-^f^.^ : men wLio will j 
not practice virtue, differ but lit lie from Imds ' 
and leasts. A ^Wf lUMVil^TMi fi ^ : a nuins 
face, but the heart of a Ix'asi, A]TijTi/wL^- „. l.iloa least. J-tlFM-fe- MMX 

Beastly, adv. Like a beast, ^^"^j. Sea Beast- 
IVat. c. ^ or /. ; pr(d. : ))p. beat, hcaten. ^J, 

w- {^i- m- 152 IT- m- ^t f^C' §^' *^- ^- m, 

il-M-#i-fe4i-ifT-^-ti: <" beat with the 

whip, mt^- mm-^ t. at, as, m- Wi • 

lo beat clothes, ^S-^.tJfljK: to beat line. j„f JJJ] : 
lo bent or ta|). f^l^: to beat or rap the blo(dv when 
chanting, f:,'^ \.<r\ : to lieat to jiieccs. p^M- i7 
m- il^- m.'^- km- m^--^o beat the watch, 

{^^- ^T Hi • ii it' m r^- n is m- ^t m m ^ <" 

beat or clap tin' wings. 4i^M: to beat clean (as 
clolhes). |I^:i}:^J|)! : lo heat with the hand, ^i^; 
to beat with a pestle, ^j, ;}=^ ; to beat mud walls, 
Bi§- li^WJiJ-; fo Ij'^at chunam. fflfd'P- ij^'^i 
V]}: to beat lice, f^^: to bent time. ^J;j:^. gj-j 
m- m^- M (Jll- Wfjli- tliW- mm- Wm ■ b' Ijca't 
tiat. ;jy/„l : to beat gold into leaves, jil^lll- 4T 
'^'i^i : to heat as a drum. \it'. b' I'oal the drum, 

nik- ^m^- mx- filial- f^iw- fiiai- }3f •t^ 

^t«: lo ''f'iit the enemy. iJTH'jlrtt tTfei: to beat 
auainst. or smash. ^T E?. §i\)^-: bi beat the 
breast, f§J^. ^TiJi^lJ- ^^W- iifl ^ID • '"' '"^^' ''"^ 
breast and no(dc. lid J]i^ ^j Iff '• 'o '""'it on Hie 
mouth, ips^^: to beat baek, ^Tjg. ii jg ; lo 
lieat (knock) at Hie door. (iiiX^. ^pl'-]. ^Tl"]: 'o 
beat one's head about a thing. ;t!-3fiJ1ij- ©"5 iU = 
to beat into (lo teach), fij^ffj : to lioat before a 
magistrate, f^ff: to lieat with a bamboo, ■^tJ, 
U^i'- to 1"':t* ^" strokes. \%\t'- '" I'™* W'<Jl 
the list. ;:J.^L'nff-f''i'2^tT- f'V-^4T; b) beat 
with the hand. n^UtJ. ft #■ «— E*- 
.^ ;f^ : boat and revile hiui. ^J j'!.', il^ ■ eannot 
beat it out of his head. a-I^^W^ fp : lo heat lo 
death. ;JT5i:. FS 5E- &' 1^- iP Cl = <" >"'■" <"- 
gelher (as mortar), f;^^|f : to boat, as Hie heart, 
ivfc- >3:>^t% '• to l"^'it ^'"^' or other things in the 
water. %: to beat gently. UiJ- $Slh : to beat 
with a cane. fi^.f/Jj-f : to boat severely. ^Ttl^f^ 
f';]- fff^ ilSlfe- 4TtH «rs(]f:- iTflliFri^lf ■ fitT' 
.i)J|: lo beat in a game. ;„;^. ^t f^gj;. ^j^iit: to 
beat against the wind. ii^[S-,f ■ {^JH'MU- to 
beat the pi-ico. iJJcfg : to beat (a- dash, as the 
waves, mi. -i^mmr- nn- to llnotualo. ^ 
fj: to beat about. JMlija. fl^jCJlt^- Pil'^ft: 
to beat u|) for soldiers, jjtlfc. 
Beat. 7(. A blow. — ^J. ^T —:'>'■ ^T—R'!'- —3^ : ^ 
lailsalioii. i';[-. Ufilf.)!;: a walchiiuuis lieal. ili 7v 

Beat. Beaton, p;;. Struck. i'Ji§. Sj|;g : pounded. 
f:fig; to be beaten in an engagement, ^J iH;, 




ft iTB; bt^afen ill a gaiiip, i||(. fj^^: I've 
bealPii him. m^i\i- 'j^'^tl"^ '"" 'h*" ApsIi wns 
Inid baro, tT(H-Klj3l^lJ ; " 'i'' '"''it li"» "n l^e 
shanic with his staff.' ia^l'f]Jl,.gM : I't^H lake 
less if he is heat or iioateii down, "^^SJ 

Itailer. ». One wiio heats, jj^. ^JA^' ; an iron 
instniinent for ]ioniuliiig. fsif*- t^M • ^ wooden 
heater, :\<^i\. ^gfef: a stone heater. ^. /^, |^; 
a heater lor sili<. -Jlf. 

Beatific, Beatifical, ft. That lias (lie power to hless 
or niaive happy. ;ff jjiSf^j. ^m^^- :/iDfMri>(- Hl^^ 

Beatification, u. An act of the pope, liy whicli he 
declares a ]iersoii healified or Ijlesscd after death. 
^^'^^i^-:J<.^W\' i» ("liina they say: the de- 
jjartcd hi;s ascendrd to the (ieuii. ^ jiE -^- S f IJJ ■ 
?i ^E"!*!^' fill ilfU'Kj): the depaiied has gone to the 
western heaven. |tf-;ti>. tvlS%- 

Beatify, v. t. To make liajipy. ijjjjpjj- %W\- h> declare 
one to ha\e ascended to heaven, fS^iE^'^l'^v ; 
in China f|?gfi!j or filijg.. 

Beating, ^^f^- Laying on blows, f^. ^; .dasliing 
against, \^; conquering, ||f, ;jjj^: sailing a- 
gainst the direction of the wind, gjliJg-iB- 

Beating, n. ^J : gave liim a beating, ^T^'ifE- 

Beatitiidi', n. Felicity of the highest kind, f^. n^. 
t^-YJ-^Tn- fijiiW-! a declaration of hle.s.scdness. 

Bean. v. : jil. Beaux. A man of ih'css (in Canton). 

Beau-ideal, «. Jfll&- a conception of consuniate 

beauty, ifs]!f-i:||. 
Bean-monde. n. Tln' fashionable world. ^fl-Jf-I'^ A- 

Beauteous, a. Very fair. Jf ^. i^^. jiff^. ^, )j:-ife 

Beauteously, aih-. In a licauteoiis manner, ^j^; 
in a manner pleasing- to the sight, ^^, Ji|*S, 

Beautified, pp. Adorned. Jl^;®. tJ&lii§-#fiJJiS> 

Beaulifier, n. He that makes beautiful. )[^Hifi^, 

Beautiful, a. Having th(M|ualities that delight the m^ ^M- '?ii- mm- m^^- <t- m^\. n 

■■ m- *i3. \nn^ min- ir. um. n^^i. k. u^ 

m- m^ m^- m^i- i??.. mm- Wi- ^xm^ n 

m^ M^ m, m mt xv;^^. g. :?:... i;^, #, m 

^\ d^-^l^, ^^*, f-S.m, tm^ mm ; a beautiful 

iliiug- WBllP^lf. W^iimW; a beautiful 
female. 5^. |IA. *^. lA- f^A- EEA. 

11 A. iic^- ^ti- #^t. mm- u- ^- i/-^"^ 

^: mMTM- /tflWm--enrhaulingly )>eauti- 
ful, iii^ -. extremely beaulilul. %^. J.g£. % 
^. [ig,, +^iJ-fi: a ))eautiful countenance, 

umk- 3^M- 3^M- H?.§- mn^ -^t^- mn^- 
m^- if'M^- dtf^ ftjjc- m^^}m- a iM'auti- 

(6^)- i/Mnft: biaufitul eyes, Hg^^^i/ft, H 

p . m ilii- ^AS- ^<m- If- [I- 0. 8i- m- # ^ =^ 

beautiful wife. 5£-^. i^^g : a beaulifnl sou. ^ 
^•F^*^^-(i5l/;"fT--'l".autiful daughter, 
^^iP- 'im^HS.- 'A-Ufi ■- a beautiful edifice. 
-#^lFfi]M. ;'|^?tS- ^fi- ^1 : a beautiful palace. 
fS'A^ aRfi: a heautifui poem, {t^nj- -(if^. U 
W'fi]-Wli<.<'&tW-'&-^:;<^ beautiful composition, 
^tC-i&MiU-^ beautiful colour, mfl^f^'^ 
very heautifui fingers. +^}rMli- il^Hi^: 
very heautifui. ^^: lieautiful as a fiower. ^n 

Beautifullv. adv. ^f*. #^; beautifully made, 
m^mi-imm'ii- ^l^*^ '^oU heautiluHy. a 
IE i/- nil, nil' P?[Ii: beautifully formed. :?feil4i/ 
fj^': beautifully embroidered, f^jlt^lS' M'i^ 
iJBli; beautifully said, #gl. #t,l 

Ifcautifulnoss, v. Elegance of form, jig||. ||$!iu ", 
beauty. ^^•. 

Beaut ifv. r. ^ To make beautiful. M- WkUi- f^feji, 

%m, mui M:m- mm-mmn- mmiim^ 


Beautify, r. (. To advance in beauty, JfjA'OI^- 
Beautifying, n. The act of rendering beautiful, 

i\kUi- '^'''' Beautify. 
Beauty, n. Q,. ^. ffig. ^|?-t : a lieauty. ^±. ^ 

fi. ^*ei. ?*£. Hfi- f5:A. ^A. {t A. ^*. 

3?,^ : the city was lost from her gi'eat beauty, 
l^ffi-fSiM; •! beauty, who can overthrow a state. 
X'MUk- B £, : '<l'e smile of beauty, —^M 
f% : the beauty of a landscape. i(T:?;g,". if-^M; 
licauty excites men, StifefilA: false beauty, 
WM- Hie leauties of seasons. f,U%-m^^-'- I'^veli- 
uess. Pi'^^: the ))eauties of history, !fi;2.ll- 
^^ilii- JEM'- heauty is lest (said of badly 
lonned characteis). ^f|: lieauty of style. ■^^. 

Beaver, n. Anamphiliious quadrujied. of the genus 
cns'or, valna))le for its fur, J§M- j^lfs- M^ 
f{: a beaver's skin, i^llJf^. 

Belilubbered. tt. Foul or swelled with weeping, ll{^ 




Bocalm, r.t. Tomakcqniot, fy/.{13$0, •yi;5:7fl. 
limiliucd, ;,.7,. or ,r. Qnirlcl. f|Ii ^t "$ ■(??, 1ilii§7 

i,ccMiiii,d as a .ship. temi*. m^H^y fz—rKji'ir 

ISiTiihiiiiio-. /»/))•. AiiiM'iisinn-. -^^i ; kerpiug irum 
IV'canii'. j^irct.oi'lKfoiiii-. wliidi sec. 

iinnin.t. gilt, ^j^tm^- t^lJt- Hllfc'^/'A- ifa 

causc lio lins takr'n c-old. tT £ fel f^: J'p 3& ; 
I s-hall go llicro liccaiise of y<Hi. ^fl^.'J'i;^?; : lie 
cnK'iTtl ilio !;ov('riiir,pnt sorvici', becaiiso lio was 
poor, g^ifijfj:: 111' snrvcd llio .aovcrniiiont not 

. because he is [loor. il:-}\^^ftJil- 

Beelianeo, v.i. To hajijicn to. I^Jjili- 

liocliarin, v.t. To eniilivale. jjlji^. 

Dcoliarmrd, ji^). Captivnlid. j^ji t^PJ;!.' 

I5pflie-do-nier. n. Sue Biclie-de-mor. 

Bocliic, n. A medicine for rplie\iiiff c-oiiulis, vfjM 

IVfk, r.;.or/. To nod.ij}f(jfl5;P^.Ijp;iJ|i5;Df^j.|AI/|i 
■^■^. : 1o make a siaii with the iiand. ^X^«t' 
i^n- infr.- ^^m- ^m ■■ !" > ^ck and eall. Dfi;^ 

]!cckiu,u-. jipr. l»inviiii-- ]<\ a ii(d. ^fUjI- M'M- 

Beckon, r.l.ovf. To make a siu'n lo anoliier \>y a 
niolion of tiio liniid. ^Uj^'^J-M^-^M'-^in- 
Wi^- iufl- M- U : ! '■'•kon him (o come fPMH 
^$: to leckoii wiili llie cv( .s. -^g. -^nj}-. (iip) P . 

BB.'flP<D}lf ^,- -^r-njiff-^ : lo I'eckou willi the h.'ad. 

pj';!,'fi.|,ijjfl. J^-^tt;,^. : (o lioekon with the loot. 

ifljjj,: he 'beckons me. f|lD|M^Jl/l:i^ mhmiE'^ 

^J ; (o beckon and call, ^gpf . 
Beci;on. ji. A sig'n madi' without words. Ijfll. 
iWkoned.' p/1. ti}{fj§. Op-jliiji. ^lUfjhm- i:XBM'^ 

Becloud. ,.f. Toolscmv. ^ Ami'i]- (tliA^D*. 

{■liAK^ti^. fdiAii/fil^c 

Beclouded, pp. Clouded. •} f: g: f^ %. M f| 5^; ^i : 
darkened as llie mind. |!f, U^. |fj''Q|. #ii. '^^, 

it- ^m- mi #11*- #iiff- rm- mm^ i>n i*- 
'Cf-f. .5S- ^ji- >t^. M- 

.Become, i-. i.ovt.". pret. luciiim:: |ip. hecomr. 'I'o 
pass from one state lo another, jjli.'f/'i-^r^JI' 

ii, il:!!, 4tl' ^^^ }S:> :^, -& ; to become a guest, 
\>^ ; to become king. fl^I- ® J. § fi ; to be- 
come good, f^ #,!)!;#, t3§ '§; to become fa- 
mous, lljrg ; to become wealthy, flfU'I^lU Jlj 
£S. i^ 'i^H ; to liecome solid. f.|]^; to liceome 
•i",ii'T- ?Ii^- dfel^- Jllll*- f)*i- MPI ^^- *J 
It^i: to benuue mad. ^^^ti- ?ftt- '^>umi\ 
to become lejirous. ^|f ^ : wlial will 1 eeouic of 
him? ;|^,^;i[lf,.J.!|^^<¥Aft- ; what becomes „f it 

in the end V mitm- mma !>m- mmm, 
^MHm- mbUwinj. ^:^mm- B,mjii^!iL\ 

that dress liei-omis 3011 \ei'y well, i^f'^^^f'S" 
jt- llfc ^ ^ i^l u" 7S : i' l-iecomes a man of Imnour 
to speak the truth, M^rji J^ l\^ m^^B- S 

?E^s;i]a:i?f: •'^'^'■'^•'I'leohi.^/jt j^^cg^; 

to beceuie ripe, ]f<,'^, dfe.lS; '" I'ceome while, 
fjjjg: he has Ijecome a nice lad. i^tlj-i't iF ; 
what wilibecomeof trade? ^^'ffl''ALM•'MH'^'k\\i"]'■' 
what has become of onr companion ? f'r>J;Plp]fi- 
frij;^^'f^'; to become a man. TJiA- to beeouui 
i!se|(ss. m^Ji^JI^: to become husband and wife, 

Becouiing-. jipr. or <(. I'efiltinii- or appropi'iate, 

-im- '^B- *?S- E'^- Bi^- Enii- 'g-^Hi, -a- 

m- :iijt- ^^E- 'ft-ii:- */■#■ wffi- 

I'eeomin.alv. «(/c. After a beccunina- manner, ^ 

^ji- 1^^- mm- 

I'ecripple, v.t. To make lame, fj^i^ij^. 

L'ed. ». An artiele of furniture to sleep on, ;[,};, J^, 
7l4;^.^'S--^';H'"|c.)i3 : a kind of divan, or court of 
honour in a ball. fr?;]^. JEJl^: a double bed. ^Jl; 
illC-.A sin.ule bed. Ijiijj^: a bed of a river, jpf 
y,!liS- ?J'. ;i {Ji • '1 '''\i'l ]iiece of gnaind in a 
-arden. -W^mik- <" '^'^ <" 1'<'1- J--7%- I:^- 
^AWi- §*• ^JtJi^: <" .ii''! ""t of bed. ^m- T 
^1^. i!li#: to ie abed. ^t.^. ^'{£M. ^^Ws- 
&!'&7^' I'T »iiil<'^ >■'!' 'I 'i'^^ "11 '-'e tloor. ;JjJtli 
f ill : to be sick al ed. ^^^iTlf^,*!;!;; to ]:e brought 
'0 led. pfr^. i^>if| : to make the bed. Ui^: a 
lire warmed bed, i^[^: a stratum. —4^,—^ 
Jljj : to make partaker of the bed. 5?^ ; to lay 
the bed for a pavement, lili^ffll: bed in a mill, 
m-b'i^- l^a^T: I \vill go lo b(d. ^-®|. ^.i-l-, 
^M- tllli : go to led. ipIP^; early to l:ed 
and early to rise, makes a man healtiiy. wealthy 
and wise. ^l.J^^^^^AJii-^^n'i^U- 

Bedabble, r.t. To sprinkle (with water). i(||. jg?^, 

Bedalibled. pp. Sprinkled (with water). iHi^. fg 
Bcdablding, j^n-. Sprinkling (with water), j^. j^jc. 


( JOO ) 


Bediiggle, v.t. To soil, ^j5, ^f^j; to Ijcspatlor, 

Bcdarkc'ii. v.t. Jillf;-, f^f^. f'llT>1/]- 
Bcclarkcued, pi>. 01 s.-iuvd. ll/5ll|:. ^. lfi%l 
Bedasli, r.t. To wot, liv tlirowino- w.iirr upon. \!/i 

Bedashed, jyp. Besitatlered with water. iJliS^K- 
Bedanh, r.t. To daiili over. filj!. -(f^^Jj. i^lij. ^{^y. 

Bedaubed, jip. Bc.sini'an'd, f£t\Tj-^. 

Bedazzle, f.«. To eonrniiiid lhesi,i;iil liv too strong 

a ligiit, mil \im{: ']i;:0- mm^ -i )t i^ ^m 

Bedazzling, j'pr. Contonniliug l.iy a too liriiliaut 
luster. I^f|nj'. IWillJJ. 

Bedazzlingly. fi,Ir. fi^W. 

Bed-hug, H. '^<$l. .$ii.^.. ^ 

Bedehaniher. -). ^'^. g)]^-. f^^r- lli*: H"' im- 
press" hedehaniber, jiKl^f-. 

Bed-clothes, h.;'?- Coverlets, fi|-i£. J^jcJiIi' : sleeping 
clothes, m^. 

Bedded, pp. or,,. Laid in a 1)ed, Yi}.i$^- stratified. 

Bedding, u. A hedand its furniture. JliJilj.j^J^JiJj.^jJi 

^ ; tie up the lieddiug, jJh\]M ! I'etlding taken 

in traveling, W^hH- 
Bedeck, v.t. To deck or adorn. H^hiIj- f^Eilj- 
Bedel, n. A messenger oi' crier in a court. ^Jji. 
Bedevil, v.t. To throw inln uller disiU'der or cim- 

tV.sion, jV.IL- .ftiL- 
Bedew, v.t. To moisten, a^ with dew. iPrl filiffl- 

am- am- ifiif^^ m^- mm- urn- 
Bedewed. p2'- tmm-iwm^- - . 

Bedfellow, u. H-i-m- l^l fi^ \^\m-^- 'plWi^- I"vrh-lree. ». m\l>\CJ) 

3edrenchcd, pp. Drenched. ?^^j§rfii : liedreuchcd 
with rain, igi^'-ig. jJ^W- 

[Jedridden, a. ('(Uitiiied lo ihe hed hy age or intir- 

iednieui. n. ©15? • li /|j • 5K- 'JV • 

Jedriip. v.t. To sprinkle, as with dmps, 'MtK'i 'o 

sprinkle, evenly. JS^J. 
iedropped. pp. Sprinkled, as with dmps. jlJlig?^; 

sprinkled evenly. M'-^'&- 
iedslead. //. A fraiue tor supporting a lied. /^fSi 

iedslraw. ii. Straw laid under the bed to uiake it 

s')ft. rm- 

Sedswerver. n. One who is unfailhliil (o the mar- 

riagv vow. \^^. 
Jedliuie. „. The tim" to iro to rst. Hifllff. f^!^\\^ 

u- RftOii'iv- mmm- mw\m- SPA;>ii.y. 

'.ediist. V. t. To cover with dust. j^^.j^H-I^M- 
iedwarf, r. ^ To uuike little, as trees. ^ |^}. ^ 

iedye. V. t. To dye, r^.. 

!ee. )). (leneric Icrui tia- it. llij^. ig : tame iiees, ^ 
iB-iljf : wild bees. !lf-if;!l!f : l'"' l"'Ji''.v '"''■• Wi^M- 
lice's honev. tjiflf;. Vfifltf : queen b-'C. !li$3i- 'if 
I : drone' bee. '^'^ : a be-hive. Hif;^. ^^, 

!i!f ^- nif N- !iii-m- ■fsK •• II'" ^<i».i^ 'I' '' !"■'■• m 

m- m^\ 

a species ol 

-^ : a swarm of bees. f^.f,l.'iS(.l\f.jt<,!''$. ■ a swarui 
(crowd of men) like beis. i^SJi^: cells of n hive, 
■^ ■^- ; 1 he •■ ]!ee. ^ a periodical, Jf Q nJ^ ^ : " 
meeting of ladies, ^i^^i'i^. 

Bee-nmster, „. ^Jf^". 

Bec-mofh. j*. K'l!?-- 

ipifiti-^, mm^- im(\^- r '+ciii^- 

Bedhangiugs, ;). Curtains. I;j<;i|j^. 
Bedight. v.t. To adorn, }|4'iiii'. 
Bedim, v.t. To ol si'ure. IImUL- i^H-fi- 
Bedizen, v.t. To deck, }|i;f'i)i'. 
Bedlam, v. A uiadman, ?^^,l'l.J- '^[i^. 
Bedlamite, n. 'g^it, Ul'^MH^A- 

Bedmate, ji. ^bVe I'cdIeKow. ,„,..,. 

Bedouin. ». The name given to wandering Arabs. IVel-witted. a. Stn|iid. j^. Sf^- M% 

it-fflWlfri A. " Beelzelaib, n. A prince oT d ■vils.' ^^f^. /^ (^ 

Beef. ». An animal of ih ■ lovlne genus. 4^ : the 
H'sh of an ox. or a cow. ^\'a]. j^X : boiled liei'f, 

;jt^^H^3 •• ™^' ''■'■*• ^3^ + 1^3 : ™"''' '"''f- -It M 
ij^ll;] : salt beef. m^\% : beef-slcak. K^j^dij^l^ : 

beef suet, ^^f^: dri-d beef, ^^]'4^f^ ''^'''l' 
sinews, ^j]fi ; 5 cat I is of beef. 2ilFr-t^|j^. 
Reef-eater, j?. A stout, fleshy person, A lllk- HE 
f^- ll^'m-'^ merelee;-e,iler. f^M. 

Bedpcst, ». Jl/fcfi. 

iffi- !?i n- 5a K- ti- 'Si iia fi- m-n ■• ""• p'iii- 

Bedprcsser, n. A lazy fellow. '|fi A- W^lK-.Pi'J^l- eiptl liadhist \lWiJL- 

Bedquilt, H. f'i'fji-. " ' [-g;. M-^'H. part, p if. ol I.e. I hive b-en there, flj@ 

Bedraggle, v. t. To sal. Y&l^j 
Bedraggled, pp. ]^'i'ji^ 

i;i&lii: 1 have been struck. ^ fll; {H IT ( fi!i »• 
lieer. II. Ilij/.ijl. AlPiiS- ififfl: :l teriU'Uted. bitter 

Bedrench, v.t. To dreueh. or soak. ?|iS?f]W?^?:- Ix lieveragv, mid' in so.u ■ parts of China, -,'''r JH' 

#., m- 



(101 ) 


R-er-)jarrol, n. i^hl- ^Ititlli- 

Boor-iioiisi\ ?(. A hdiisi' wlicn' m;ilt liquors arc so'.d, 

iMM'stiugs, u.'pl. See IJii'sliugs. 
BiX'swax, n. Yellow Ix'iswax. ^Jli[: wliiti' beeswax, 
^11; S^neral term for beeswax. 'Sci'M- ?i#'l!ii 

]«'et, u. A sweet esellleut root. f,]\^X&ll]- MM- 

Beet-radish, H. ^j:t:£5. Mr^fr- 

Beetle, ». The inseet lieeil-. J^ffj/j... 'P?!A- fiiEvc 

^ii;g-oklgre.'U lieetle. ^[|g-j^ ; Ih.' lumiile-ilniig 

(aleoehara). «!?,M. m^. ^J^j^.. ^j^l- ;?."& 

^. ftig; a i'aruier's l)i'etle, ^. 
l?eetle-head, n. A stupid lellow, '^lij^l ^^jrt- 
Beeves, n.j)I. oi hcrf. Quadrupeds of the bovine 

genus, if^lg. 
Befall, v.t. or i. ; pret. /»/</// : part. hefuUen. To 

happen 1o. ^^. |{^i5. -W^. 3^;^. ji;jj ; to ,;(ane 

to pass. )Sji. iiSiffl. ®(ij^. ^liilSl. 
Befalling, ppr. Haj.pening to, ^bjjft. \^. %^ : 

eoniing to pass, ij^j^i. 
Befit, a. Suitable, ^%. )(iA'K 4n^- 'Hlfl- ^■ 
Befitting, ppr. or rt. Becomiuii'. '^IhI- 'p'|ij|-'iL'^!v 

lietool, c. t. To fool or make a fool of. n^i A • p/g A • 

iisifp. nmnm- u m- w. a. s a. m^. pji 

iJ A ; is that the way \u bef..,,! dlhers? [WMt 
A""^ ; to befool a [lersou bv strataavms. JfJ ^ 


Belboled. ^>;>. F(M,led, p^- A l^l^]. M' AFigi- fi A 

|!(ff-- fii'AnjIIJ. 15; AiTr;!. mw.- 'It- OMi-'Ifi- 
DA- 1ST- 

Befooling, fpr. ^K- Pe A- 'Itjf-A : lie is befool- 
ing you, 1^1^ f't- 

Beforo, prep. In iront. Iff. "^ ]5fj. 'Jg; ^^ : in sight 
of. Ijefore one's face, or in one's lu-csence. jTii rCj'. 
I'hinif). 'ivrnil- tiM i\'- before one's oy( s. [IJifj. 
^mM- n 1 : 1 eiore our door. :^f^m. '^ P'J rij: 
they pat^s beforo our door. 'fEi^^iin- fE f riS 
^P^ : to preach before the king. ^ipMsfjil : 
before and behind, '^f/f^: to stand lefore one. 
ifej^Fli RIJ : to walk belore another. %\\ f^ ; before 
the bar. f^^^ : 1,eforc His IMa} sty. IjfiJnff. Jf^rfij 
fj. g^T : to sail before the wind. A^EI^- 

Before, ndv. In time pi'oerding. ^■'r^ : liefore noon. 
-t4^- ±ft. ±4^0 : (lie day before yesterday. 
R0 g ; an liour before your arrival, — % %$ % 
fl^.jij : before heaven and earth. ^Jt!(;V^'^. ^j^jl 
iM:ns before, fjjf . Oifj. ^iURiI. tfeU- MK': 
before the lime appointed, ^ llJJ ; before and 

after, %\^. fj f^: before (his (time). ^t, ig^ 0, 
^fell-if. fjil.'f. W\^ ; to go before, ^f^. -^f:(:. Jlg 

fj : to lend (in liefore, ^ : before done, nij |« f/ji ; 
von are born lefore me, f;WI11!i'^blTJc- f^->^il 

Belorecili'd. a. ( 'iled in a prei-idini; part . ill 5^ 


Belore hand, a,h-. ffi. ffi^. ^[-;-^t: I ^vill let you 
know beforehand. ^i\\\\\. fAyt;jS'-!' ■ to prepare 
beforehand, fuftj : to give money belbrehand, 
■k ^ IR- -L Jt|j\'U Si : 1^0 know I eforehaiid. iW 
^B : I knew that 1 efbrehand, -^^^^i ^. -^ % 

*Diri"'4v-it iii-:)t- 

lielore-lime. ,ide. JtJLlf, ;^ll!f. 

Befoul, r. t. To soil. ^J/jfgi. ^J5^ r^}5, ^ji^ia, 


Befriend, r. ^ To favour or aid. ^^-tW-^^^^,^ 

Jl/;- «?Ji/;- tl!k'i-- Sgib SMi- Mffl. li//. 

BrJriejlded.^-y-. favoured. ^f.Hi'ift. ^.^j^. 
Befringe, r. ^ To furnish with a triiige. Jj^j^. 
Befriniied. yi/j. Adoi'iied as with a fi-ini;v. Ifff;^ 

Beg. Bey. )(. From the Chinese, fpj ; in the Tiu'k- 
isli dominions, a governor of a town or district, 
^'^. : in Tunis it means the prim-e or priir-ipal 
vn'.vv of the state, ^. J. ±. 

Beg. r. t. or ('. Tosu}iiilicate iiieharilv. ^M^J.if].;J;, 

^"j- £;};• nS: loliegaspriesls.Mli^Kfc-a 
{t- Nil- 4tff^ •• to I'eg loi- food. S^. -^^. ;ll 
i^- tiSi- Fi^i ' to beg rice as pries' s or nuns, 
itt^ : I0 I eg'n'ioney. ^Jg- «£§• ^'fi- ^M ; 
to lieg aid. ^T^lllSl : '0 b( g a loan, ^f : to go 
about\nnd beg rice. J:.H|^J* : io I eg 'for skiTl 
(of Araehna). ^Tj : to solicit. ,^, ,^^^, ;]l fi|f 
?ft. ifi;R- S-'il- fUS- fflJ;Ii:to implore. 0c£; 
to I eg a tavonr. piJV.. ^"i^i. : I 1 eg jiaidon. UJf 

m- ^iP. i^M- j^i- xvii. ^ip^ mn^i^i^i 

may J beg leave to ask ? flijll). T„!j-[11]. Pg^ [H] : to 
beg leave to retire, ■g-f}^-. nrjilf; lo beg lor in- 
struction or informaliou on a suljeet. -K'^jjij 

ff- ^"^W^- £l$ij^5;a- fi^fr:^.^. fi^^^jtrfc; 

to ask for orders, jji^. 'p,!]- fijj'. 

Began, pret. of if//t);, which see. 

Beget, r. t. : pret. he(jot. ber/nt : pp. hcr/oL hcf/otfen. 
To procreate, Z|i : to produce. ^. ^. |l!.(^. ^, 
^lU. ^m- i?l^-fe- ?f !!!. ^T^3^.: to beget one's 
lirst-lorn. f^^-J-. ti^%T- d-fe-AfP : to heget 
a sou. ^J-. #Ejr'- '/ifiT- ■^fp : to beget a 
daughter, /ji t^' . ff- IL ■ ^^m-f-^- ^^'\m^^- 
to beget and luring up. ^^ : lo Ijeget strife. 


( m ) 


Bogo-ni-, „. Ono wlio lives Ijv asking aims, ^^i- 
K'f^sg- 4^'/5 : ■"' iini:orluiialo brggar, ^f.g 

51, !liil,vi^- ; •' i'''jiS''i- "oiiiaii, :£if . t;5i^; 

a lipggar lioy, ^51 (F ^ " beggar's c-laiidisl:. g|v : 
lo bade a iongoarod baskcl (to be a beggiirl. ^ 

Beggar, r. t. To reduce lo 1 eggary. ^^KfCS- Wx 
Ml^m- f!JiA*S:^1nt^rtu"b(>ggar all de- 
senidioii. b"-^IJl!^^- 

Beggared, j'l'- b'i'iliiri'd lo pxlreiiio I'overly, J^llS 

Beggarly, a. iMeau, gfjPi ! 'i beggarly fellow, '^ 
f-f ; a beggarly scamp, who tries to involve one. 

Begging, j|);ir. or )(. Asking alms, ^"^j. ^:^ ; 
to go a, be.ii.iiiiii;-. ^'1^: to go a legging as 
priests, '^il. p.-|.^. itj^ : begging priests, Bi|-^t 
^ t:±- :^"fff- -littr.r- 'Mit#K ■ a begging 
nun. it-^)6iit\'- ^isl^i'ig " lavour. ,^w.. 

Begin, c. (. or<. ; jiret, Imu/oii: pp. //r;/(o/. jlll. if;. 

mt-i^^^ )t!isfl- fil^: T^- fJH^- #:^- Si 

^, lax, m- m- Ui- muh #• $x^ m, m- ^t, 

E. it, III, fJ- l>f) ; '" I ''yiii i^ (li«-ourse, j^l%^ 
iJfl^aS, tenJi; 1" l-i'gi" a journey. it{1, iliff, 
i)^, ;^<ft ; >o begin a voyage, DHf,Sf. |;9|^. jig 
fS- :fSll!'l: lo Ip.yiii lo !(arn. JJl-t^S &4^ lid 
^i^^-t^fia-lwl^^vff. ^I)f]2l^|;j^: to begin 
work, aX- K)X- )llilfit- f/Ji/tt- l»a^f/i^, iliJjUSi, 

MMiik- Mii^- I'j^;- T^ : 'o '^''«'" :i .i'H»-"i'y, 

as file Emp'cror, -"ajli". lo Icgin or slart a pro- 
cession. jlll,l!.|| : lo begin to write, 1"'^, v§-^; i? 
^, fj |f , ^ |£, t$ 3;, jt!l # fej" : <o begin to 
speak, t)FJBt ; lo Ugin again, A^)%^ ; to begin 
to be, iiii^ ; lier tears began to How, ^^,, M 
^: to lay the ioundalion. Vfl^i ; lo originate, 
Allffti, a-,S1ff/ii- ^-il'Jfrii; I'le vemal sun begins 
to shine, ^fcl J^l'j.). 
Beginner, n. A person who I.egiiis, l^"^^- tS3^ 

-a;% iiim^-, ^j^«-, iHix^- ^fj-sf, Di¥- ;^ 

Beginning, )!.or iipv. ■i'liecommenceinent, yc^f,-. 

^, m- s- una- ^^- a- is- umis- ji^i^- i-fna^, 

^ff, ■§■■ U- yJl- ifiU^; I'"' b'giiJiiUig, midde 
and end. ;^ fiji ^; tne beginning and eiid. 

%%■ MM- Mi^- -tlL- Ki^- J.'Si*- Wi%- m 

% ; in the beginning, x^u- ^fi'^J- icWJ- '^^J. 
'^iif- 1 lie beginning (il liea\en and t'arlli. ;^l] 

iiXJili- -^Jl)l);fai!!- IllllcrXliJiiH.'r- /iUl/t^f.-; 

the [lyi^-, •■lour leginnings, ' reier to the lour 

divisions of the Odes of iheir Classics; the lie- 
ginning of the year, |jfip, %^. -f^-^, ^1^, 
if IE- ^'r-DH: Ihe lirst eause. ^jli- -ic^i: begin- 
ning anew. ^IjjlJi-^. 4l}."p'^ ; it has a begin- 
ning or foundation. ^;|^7|i; the beginning of 
a sentence, 'p]3|l. 'p]"^; the beginning of an 
aflair. Ifi^^iij ; at the beginning, J&^] the 
very beginning, ;f^7ti. 

Beginningless, a. ^,^\^. ^jt!l#- 

Begird, v.t. : [nvt.hcj/ht. Ix'i/iiilrd : y[tJwfjiit. To 
bind with a uirdie. Jfj^t. f>^<i_ fJC^t ;' (n sur- 

i-onnd, ^m- Hf±. mm- nm- nwrnit- «o 

besiege, ^ijc, ^i^. ^Hj. ^l fflM- ffl^M 

Begirded, Begirt, i^p. of hetjirJ. Bound with a 
girdle. >|i-^;;ffe : surrounded, g i§. ^I^ig. ffl 
J^il. J.-;) [^]i§. ILqffif tiia : besieged, gi^M, S 

Begirding, p}"-. Binding with a girdle. %^. |^ 
^- IJt;^ : surrounding. ^M- H^: besieging, 
lilJjC- ISM- 

Begcine. iiifi'rj. (io awav. dejiart. -^I^J. ^%, -i 

i^ii- iM- ^M- nam tT UJ i- ig UJ *• 4t 

Begonia discolor, n. ^J§^. 

Begot. Begotten, pp. of /^c(/c<. Procreated, ^j^, 


Fegrease, r.f. To soil with grease. fi5/vll|$|}5. fJ/- 
VlIj^TJ^J; lo dauli with grease, i^'^, j-^nlj, f^ 
Vlll- ttvili- 

BegriiiH', (-.f. To Soil with dirt deep impressed, ^ 

Begrudgv. r. f. To grudge, mi- BRft- iB,&, j^ 
^- iTijui- 'IS.&- j&'t ' lo envv the p( s.session of, 

Begrwiged, pp. Having excited envy, ^.fij^. 

Beguile, v.t. 'I'o im]iese on hv artifice or crall. 1^; 

A. m^- mm- m«- ^m- i^^m- i^m- mm- 
f,m- mm- ^m- n^ ■- lo 'h^imie. mi ^w., 

;t55g3^; lo amuse, ^.A, |!i-ff., gjc; to beguile 

Beguiled, ;.p^ Jkveived, Mmilh- mmi^- <" 1« 
beguiled, ►^•ISfi. ^VM- VUX jMv^- who be- 
guiled you V .(LliMft;- MUI<;ft;!i/t- f^ |(£ilfcf^ : mis- 
led by crall. „li;.^i^. SiJiilS- 

Beguiler, u. He tliat beguiles. ^AV^. llfcAg, 
1^ A^- •• be that misleads bv craft, ^11^ A ^■> 

l-eguiling. ppr.ura. Deceiving, ^m- ih-ceiving 
1 y (-rail. „f|;!|B ; misleading, i^W. ■ amusing, §\ 
^, WWl ^fJt ; making game of other people, 




Bogiiilingly, adv. In a manner to deceive, || ^. 
Begmii. Bogaum, n. In the East Indies, a princess, 

Begun, j)p.oi'h,q!i,. Coinmeneod, ^1;^. KJ-R. ^ 
mn- mi^-W- rai§^^- ^/.-fMil: "i-ii^in^it-'l. if 

Beliaif, n. In iM^iialtOr. f^. #. 15^. f^# : in l.rlialf 
of von. -^(li;; to risk imc's lilo in licimlf (if(ine"s 
coinitry,' ^m^^- «&Itffil. ^ ^B!(it J^I 

R'iiave, r. I. T(i idnduct. tf^. fj?4f^ ". (o lidiave 
well or with eivilKy. U'ti^- ff^4/- tfr^: 
to lieliave well townnls otiicrs. #f^ A. 4lfi'f#- 
f#l#A*/- l^liE A. W-Ucf^ A. /?f* : 1" iK'have 
towards, f§f^ : Ui ludiavi' eivillv towards each 
other, Ji!|i49f*. #l(if#A: I'' Mv.n,- riidrly 
towards others. ^t|f# A.f^t^f# A-fiJl'Isi^A- 
f#A^l5SJiiflfi: '1" ""t li«'have nidclv towards 

him. mm\ri-^mi^\u-^it:m\u'-^'> Mnm- 

disorderly. gLrr^-SLPtRfK- ^f^^^mfST 
:?^f#, ?T:g^S^l. :?:ii5SfT^. 1lia>: ia'l,ehaves 
manfully, gX^ilfr^Sl- MJ^KlT^^: to behave 

R}haved, ^'P- Conducted, fril^- t#i§- flli§- ^f# 

Behaviour, «. Conduct, f^^. 1i;Wii^iWl-^4't-m 

il- li^- n"nTT- i£^- f^^- fjf^: manners, 

^+^. ^ip.- fit- tifi- @,i;g- r.^- ^ Jh : ^ 

dignifle.nMd.avi.Mir. f^SS±.t7l.t- IStlilfT.®- 
?ffi;^±.l7^' IlhfiiirT:^- !(flS'.IH±.fT^: il 1"'- 
lite (gentle) behaviour. M^^^ff"^- 
Behead, v.t. To cut oil' fhe head with a swoi'd or 

knife, mn- Mn- mn- mm- nt- mm- m 
•n^ mii- Mm. i&\k- imi- 1^^- mm^- 1^ 

behead with an axe, ^p^. 
Beheaded, ^jp. Having the head cut oil, ^igpg, 


Beheadin2;,2>^)r. Severing the head IVom the bodv, 

mn. km- 

Beheading, n. l^collali.m. llUfp^^. 

Beheld, ^jrei. and j'P- of behold, which see. 

Behemoth, * n. x^Bj-HW^- 

Behest, n. Comman.l, ff, iS^,'^, ^^. Ii5>|ifj-. 

Behind, j»-cpAn- adv. At Ihcbaek of. f^j-§.^fg. 

■ WM:^M-M.;iX-Msri: iH' Wl me b.diiud 
him. W««{^i§- f.7f±-flcS^f^ri •■ I liiivo left 
him behind. ^Sti^f^lS <ft!l»- ^IcifiSftil^ 
^; to leave b.-hind. -^^J^, il. JST : I" fol- 
low 1 ehind, J?IA>1. m^m, M^, Mji: .^M: 

* Job, 40, 15. 

behind one's time, ^\[^.'M^.',^M.'M]kM.)^ 
m. ;tn#. ;H: loff l.diiud. iii*^. ^ff : to 
stay behind. {JYft.l'-g- jf-- ^f^ : I'ofore and be- 
hin.l. R^f^. 7t^: t.i be bidiind otli.-rs (in ac- 
cinplisbments. .te.). ^jpSftll- (T^SfE- ffi^J^ ^ 
fnffe- Itil'fE ■ 1'" li'ai-.'sof him are left b.diind, 
fE!f^?'PSf5l'l'jlT«»-- tol.„d<b.diind.f$fSi.|iiliri. 

gave it behind his lui.-k. B^^fi)/. : to sliind.'r 
one )).'liind the ba.-k. tiH^'- von are so mu.di lio- 

hind. {•H^iiii^tM- mmmw^- fu^.^f^^i 

=f.jfe|J|i:: bo sits b.hind iih^i^UW'^- 
I left a fan behind, ^g/v'g— ffi^: l''^'''"'^ 
(he house. 1m{^]^- 
Behindhand, a. In a state of poverty. |^'^. -f]}^: 
in arrenr. Pflf.'o i;?!^ •■ behindhand with a 

<iii>f^-- figf^'n'-f^misimw- f^-mst^- am 

i^.f4; to b.. b.'hindluind in the world, Kf.-Ji- H^ 
jigKir. un.Minal t.i. T«Hg-T>R- 
Bidi.ilil. r. «. : jiret. and p|i. hihrld. 'Jo see with 

attenfi.uK la. %l ??■ a- itfi- itiiiia- fr^- "t 

hold the lamb of God. |P±'7i5-±,#.. 

Beh.tld. r. ?". To direct the eves to an obj.X't. iflg-^, 
Wii'M-M- Mw'.d he arriv.^d. ^^f.l^^iiM- ^M 
JiJT : ludiold he is here, mim^V^- M'^Hb 
^•, to beliold one another. ftHjiS-tB^IlllTll^g^- 

Beholden, pp. ova. Bound in gratitud.'. lit}^..^^l 

y^.- ilS- mm- %^- ?k;J2- ^I'flt ?*,'S- 
B.'liold,'r. ,(. or lo.ik.T on. ii^- ^^■, 

Beholding, p^jj-. Lookina' on. UJ. fl- lUfi- JL • '""' 
holding his face, Ji-jtM, S Jt-Ill • 'ihligi'd. !'^ 

Beiioney, r.t. To sweeten with lionev. ^Ih'fS^ 

Behoof. 11. Advantage, ^ijg, /(I" g.^,!^: that 
which is advantageous. WS-^ffl- W^' ^TP- 

Rdioovable. a. Needful, J^. f|. gj, t^'/n : I'l'otit- 

able, ^■^. 
Behoove, v.(. To be meet for. ||=g. Tfv^^'. jEr^', 

^sli- S, 'Km- '&'it. SIC- ffi't- 'J:f- B^, 

^W.- -p" : i* behooves him to act thus, TJiBSf^: 
\\\'^\l{: let him lichave as it Ix'hoovetli. %X^W> 

T5eh.i.)veful. a. Neii-dful, ^Jt] : profitable, ^g. 
Behove, and its derivatives. See Behoove. 
Being, n. Existence. :(£. fj";^ : absolute being, Q 
'SilWi S^^^W; ''^'^ immaterial, intelligent 


( 104 ) 


Supreme Being. ||!f|)±±,W. ^±±^^- : tlio 
being of anv created thing. '^Ij// ff . '^^Ijiffi : 
all living beings, Hfgfj±'-I^. ^UWl^'^k- 
1\^¥3)lf^'-ik'- fi'i inte'.ligenl ) icing. Ifj^, ft. UJ] 
Wi- -M^'- le''i>re anything had a being. i'Si'JIl^ 
W il^fe ■• ' I'iii"' -I'l^l non-<'.\isli'nce. ^ff to ; J linve 
no jetl led being. §B/E^.- MIlIM- §1^''h H ll.^ 
*S<£r!lf : 'here is no being for me here, ^f^fj^f:^ 

Being. y>/-r. ^.^.^j-i^-. being here. lEffillt-lf/^ 
IM- ^l& ■■ being a man. ^J A : I ''ing a ^"H- ^ 
AT- ; i> being then co'd. JI: 'a-<{^±ll!f : it being 
<lins, Iff^tm ^JT^-Ilt. ^illllL-: he was near 
being killed, 'jMl^iii-fM-'Mii-'^(^^^>«t' 
mmt^-fmm^it: U, kerp a thing from 
being done. fflffiX*- fclidX^ : tli" time 
being, ^l^: being that I lavmised it. 0^^,! 

Be it so. Suppose it to be so. m^imi M^i^'. 

Belaliour, r.t. 'J'o beat soundlv. ]^ ^J ■ ^^J . IW i] 

Belaee, r. t. To fasten as with a cord. IJd'^'; to 
beat, ^J : to fasten as with laee. If^iS^Sliw : ''"> 

^vhip. mm- \i^m^- 

Belaced. a. Adorned with lace. i^^li^^H'^i ±.. Ui 
Belated, a. Too late for liie hour appointed, ^j^ 

m- i^m- ^s'iffl^g- 'kn- ^j^- m?^- 

Be'.ay. v.t. To blork up. ^f:}-. IJtVg. ifi^. M^; 
to place in ambush. j^Jj^. H/ff;^ : In sin-naind, 
^fl; to cut o!f one's retreat. §ii\±Uli ■ I" lis- 
ten as the ro[ies on a ship. ||[ig.^. jg![4? ; to be'.ay 
all passages, g^iiJ^. 

Belayed, pp. 01 sirueled. gfl-R : ambushed, jtl 
fiiiS : made fast. Ifl;-^^-.' 

Belaying, ppr. lilocking up, ^f±; laying an 
ambush, jijlf;^ ; making fast. $}[r^. 

Belay ing-pin, n. Tj-cf^. 

Beleli, r. «. or V. To eject wind from the stomach 
with \io'enee. ^T-l-l'v. Mm- ^MU- ^IS- ^T 
^MtW^'-'B-SK-m- 1" '"■''■1' 'wth curses. 

Belch, n. Eructa1i(m. P^t^. ^T-I-I't- 
Belched, pp. Ejected trom the stomach, jjl^!^. 
Belching, n. Eructation. Nv^C- U'ti- 

Beldam, «. An old wonum' -:£*f . ■:g^. ■:£K';-^; 

a hag, ig^. 
Beleaguer, r. i. To surround with an army, ^Sjc, 

MM- Wk- fflf± ; to beleaguer a city, gJW.. 
Beleaguered, pp. Surrounded with an army, |S^ 

Belemnite. n. Arrow-head, linger stone, thunder- 
liolt, a genus of extinct fossils, ^Sjl. ^[t^- ^ 

Bel esprit. 7*. ,• pi. Beaux esprits. ir?h:fi A- 
lielfrv. )(. That part of a laiilding. in which a bell 

is iiung. mm- mm- m^M- wm- 

Belcian. a. T5elonging to Belgium. il:^iJIIlFl%. 
]]e!,uie. a. Pertaining to the Be'ga;, j-tfiJUlfJI:^ 


Belgium. ,K J-t^iJIl^i^. 

Belial, n. Unpretitablemss. §?!iJ]]fi. HJfl>i^: 
wickedness. ^^ : name of an evil spirit. ^^ 
:g : worthless fellow. WM- iSf il- ^ Ji ^ 1^ ; 
name for the devil. j^^H- ^^^ wicked men, 
.sons of Belial. |Hg^. 

Belie, r.t. To tell lies coiicei-ning. p=f-. f^l^: to 
fill with lies. ^s?tt-ll^i;^S"--'"l'^'i''">ii-s self. =^ 
^JX : his looks lielie his words. "b^^T-W- 

Belifd. 2^^'. Falselv represented. gJtj'g3i'£. Wi'^:k 

Belief, -n. Faith, ff . fgf*, : religions tenets, fx- ^ 
n 5t- it®: n firm belief, ^fs- S!fK- S@ 
%fRfl- itift- f'fn : f> s'lifPi'^ ''<^'><'*'- MfS- i3? 
f=, $(= : shallow belief. f^f= ; light of belief. 

fSffl- iff. M, fa. a (ft : 1'-'><1 "<■ '"^li'^»'- ISfS : P'lst 
all lielieb P^Am. iW^if.^^h- B'^^t^l^- ^ 
Plfn. *ff'f#a: Christian belief. Mm^fik- 
worthy of liejief. pj \f, : it ajijiears worthy of 


Believe, r.t. or /. To credit ujion the authority of 
another. f=. if;f\\l. mt^-^-'l^-'^-^ni!/:- ''P'"? 
committed to prison, the people will believe in 
their guilt. MrfiM^- cannot altogether be- 
lieve it, *f= f§M-. "?? fn f5 f>- * (ft flfil: <lo 
you believe it? f,r>fRl'Sf?:- f^>fF^±.?r: ^ f^^ not 
iielievc in heresy, Pg ff;fp. PJf ff\^^ : to lielieve 
in the Scriptures. (^|^if^: to believe firmly, 

t7?:- m 111) T-^- mi^t* : <'^ '"'''"VP 'I""! '1'^"'J'- 
ffl||:nnwillini;' to believe. ;if;-f|4Cf=: all should 

l«li''Vl^ ^ir^ifa. ^^i(.tikin ■• 1 l'cli''v<^ ''1 <'''!• 
^iifn/'IKJi-ft-: I l">lit'VP i» J'sus, ^i^fn^RTO,^: 
I cannot l>elieve in Biulha. PJ (,1 !H fi|; ( ^ > ; 
would Your ^lajestv believe it? Xt^'.^^'- I 
'"•li''ve so. ^^Ui'i^x. 'Vi^^nlf.^ : I ao not believe 
I'im, Pgfgfl^. 

* Fossil bones are called 8|#, dragon, bones. They are 
reduced to powder and sold as highly nourishing food. 






Believed, pp. Credited, f= •§. •JS'i^ff: ; impossible 
fo be l;elipved, /T'RTfSf^ll'i • worthy to be be- 
lieved, ■jij' (=; (\^ : not worliiy to bo believed, f^ 
!7l^|: fill worlliy to be reverently believed, •g' 

Believer, ;). One wiio believes, ffi- ff^- ff^; 
a professor of a religion. '^%'iM- fk vk ^ '• '^ 
profopsor of Christianity. i$M&f^^' MMf^ 

Believing. p],r. f$, ff;^g. 

Belike, adv. Probably, i^^. 

Belis jaciilifolia, n. ^^. 

Bell, n. fg't. If: a large bell, ||. ^W.,Wi'^^ small 
liell. f^. ^. SE: tinkling bells on the neek of 
a horse, .Bfjl^; bells hung from pagodas and 
pavilions. ^!f|^: a hand bell. ^M- Mf? ; sis- 
trinu l^ell, ^||: a wind l,rll. J^l^: a long bell, 
if: ring the bell, ^ft?. JSi* : b) ring or pull 
the bell. ^50: to strike the bell, ^1^1. f§#. 
Mw. m^.- tin.- WM- ^PM: Io liear the bell, 
l^tJ-- !^l^.^; (" shake the bells, D.|M^ 

Bell-elapper. «. if i^. ^-g-. ^Sf. 
Bell-fashioned, rt. Havinii' the forjn of a liell, 

m.- mmm- mm-si 

Bell-flower, n. ^f^^Vi- 

Bell-founder. «. m%^. 

Bell-foundry. ». ^^ififf^. 

Bell-man. v. A man who rings the bell, H^M^. 

Bell-metal, n. M^ («aSXHs!<E^IS-»fSffl), 
Bell-pe]iper. n. A name of the Guinea pepper. J^ 

Bell-pull, n. A bell-eord, MM- 

Bell-ringer, n. ^i^,fs. 

Bell-shajied. «. Havinii' the form of a bell 

Belladonna, n. ^%^sL\^v^ {^^\ 

Belle, n. A gav voiinii' ladv, S' f,' :^ : i^ beaiilv, 

*A. m-k- lA: HA. k- i^A. (itSiw. i^ 

Belles-lettres, I'olite literature, ■X^^3lM,* 
Bellied, pp. or a. Swelled out in the niidde, ^g^g 


Belligerent, «. Waging war, f)i. ^^, U,M,tt^ ; 
fond of war, 4jf)^: belligerent rights, ^f^.fj 

•Someput und»rtliis homl tli,> -^^^. the Chinese six lil:eral 
art.s, vhicUare :— fi5,|g,M.©:i&,li: ;eliqHeUe, music, arch- 
ery, charioteering', wilting and arithmetic. Inanextended 
sense of the nurd lliey may he iiichidt'd. 
- ^^^ __ _ , 


Belligerent, n. A nation or state carrying on war, 

{'KM- ^Ti:^^- 
Belling, a. firowing like a bell, ^^Mffiil; 

growing full and ripe. ^fHUB- 
Bellon, ji.^Tho lead eolie. ^g±;ls- i^ttfi^- 
Bellow. V. i. To make a hollow, loud noise, as a 
bull. PJl. ^m.- Pt- ^- 4PJ[-; <o voriferate or 
clamour. Pf H^. p.-pi^. Pgf]. ftPf-, tt.PEPf- Pf Pf 
Ilf^'J. ffp^: to roar, as the sea in a tempest, jg 

Bellower. n. One who bellows, PfHj^^. liJL^. ft 

Bellowing. ??. A loud, hollow sound, as of a bull, 
liJL'W ; iis the roaring of billows, fiajfjaj^, M^ 

Bellov,-s. 11. .srnr/. and p7. A machine for blowing 
fire. E^- MM-- 'KM- water bellows. 7Klln. 
7K# : to work the bellows, tltM^, ^M,^- 

Bellv. n. JUi.Hg. gi^. ttUH: a punch or pot belly, 

(Jt® : belly cloth. QH^I- TOIIT : ^^ hungry belly 
has no ears, ^^M^M- ^IT-M : to be given 
to one's belly , :^ 4^1® t • ^ f^''fS A ( 6^^ : lip' '-obs 
his liellv to cover his back. IR ^' P?f ifl i$ ■ '^^ 

eyes are biffger than his belly. B^fs^Ui^ : a 
dropsical bellv. Mll^- Hi^BS- HI Hi- 
Belly-ache, 11. km- HS'-i^- Bmm- 

Belley-band. ??. A band that encompasses the belly 

of a horse. ,^a^- 
Belly-bound, a. Costive, f^'ll^. ^Ij^Pr^^- 
Belly-frefting, 11. A violent pain in a's lielly, 

caused bv worms, ,^^)It^- 
Bellvful. a'. As much as tills the belly, E®' ^ 

iiifs- mm- MM- m%- 

Beliey-ged, n. A glutton, — Pjilig^;^- ^ffg 
^ ; one who makes a god of his liellv, 

Bellev-pinched, a. Binched with hunger. 

Belly-worm, n. J]i^. 

Belock, r.t. To fasten with a lock, ^tE^ 

mi-L mm- 

Belone, n. Gar-pike, lH^. 

Belong, v.i. To be the property of, l,ff:^^.il3 
Si ; to be the concern of. m- ^vP- %■ T' : it 
does not belong to me. ^Z-M'^-is.^a^^-'^a 
iM^^U- T'^i'^fi^ : it does not concern me, PE 


( 106 


mn^iz^)- B^^um^ i'a^M^f, pg^=f, ff 

%fi ^^ScHT?:^- ^T^lfS : to be appended 
to. Ffi®- 'jSyi : to belong- to the same genus, [p] 
^ ; to relate to. ^[j ; it does not belong to this 
order, PgAjJt^; to be suitable for, 0..1§M- 
%: this house belongs to me, l£tr|/lff:^l'K. 
jlfcral^^fS : to belong to a certain elan. ^% 
M- i^M'M^^- if-M'\M ■■ to belong to a certain 
officer's jiirisdift ion. ISj^i'B'il^lS: he belongs 
to Hongkong, fjf:§fS^- A ; I^p belongs to Kwang- 
tong province. ^J^J^"^ A'- it belongs to you to 

-lo, ^|^-(/r.ffi; bM, 

to his rule. f,%^- : this 
pen belongs to me, ]It|eff;-f5JPfJE '• this house 
belongs to me. jj^M-Hm'-i- jltlfM^ll^- 

Belonging, ppr. Pertaining. ^ ; being the con- 
cern of; [ig, T'- ffjJJc'- 

Beloved, j9;).or«. I.oved. M-i-^H%- B- y'^f^- 
beloved friends. Ji/f'^'^/^l. '-^mm^- ^±^- 
"h-tuyPUm^-mi^^^- beloved son, ^7. 


Below, prrj^. or mh-. Under in piace. "f . ;^"f , "7'" 

a, T-^- fm- ^«ST- MT ; (town below. Is. 

f : inferior in rank. iSHj'i. ^^. '":^J$; I lodge 
lielow liim, fgfi fg ;^"f ( ftfl ) : below I he moon. J^ 
"^ ; above and beldw. Jif : below the sky.%"]'" : 
lielowontheearfh. j^~f : unworthy. ;^I{|: unbe- 
fitting. ;^ tl", ;;f n^". T^^tJ; : liut one degree below 
liim. Tf-ttl—pn- {R^-'fl: below the 5th cen- 
tury, 3il"ipi:T-Sl"^'; lie is below, 
1Eff:T® : to die lielow filf v is called iii (short- 
lived), j5:+JilTiH±^: I'Plow (beneath) the 
table, {fMi^j, SMT- H-S : beneath the 
table (on the ground), SM-^/JiT- ^T'ET : 
content to be below others. Uf!^ ATMi'^ A 
T-KH'S AT" ■ 'II heaven above and earth below, 

^XAimiiy,%tmy- in heii, ^^im- i'^ 

a court of inferior juri.sdict ion. "f J^l/JlP'J- 
Belt, n. A girdle, ^'. ^^. Jp1}g|i:;f^; : one made of 
an untanned skin. ^. fillljK?,'^ i^^lj'^ ^J[JCMr ; 
a belt of leather. ^. j^t^^ $^)Jt^^ ^Ji^?- Jife 
^^ : a large Ix-lt or sash. |l{!, j^'f, J^-^ ; a 
sword-ljelt. f Ij;^, H^lglj^f ; the shoulder-belt, j^ 
Ht^f- W^ ; Ijelt ornament, BjH ; a champion's 
belt, ^Jii^:^'!- ; to gird on a belt, ^^^.p^ : Tsz 
cheung wrote (Confucius' W'Ords) on his belt, ^ 
Uilfl-lgllt' ; ii l^olt thong. iUft:^; a narrow pas- 
sage at the entrance of the Baltic, ;^:[l:f@j0J P : 
a bandage, [ll^r, #^7^ ; rings around certain 
planets, ^Si&^m< -^ I'eltmaker. HmMl- 
Belted, a. Wearing a belt. W^^fd^j. Jii-'fri'gC-- 
Belvedere, Itelvidere, n. A p;iviliou on the top of an 

edifice, ^[1^, ^tfi; fi^i artificial eminence in a 
garden, 5clg : a pavilion on an eminence in a 
garden. ^. 

Bemask, r.t. To conceal. W-M- 

Bemire. v.t. To drag in the mire. ^iJgl'S?. !gt£ 

Bemoan. ,-. /. To bewail. ^'5?. #51- 5Sfl.^fi- 
fiM- Pitf 55- I'lff- 1]!'? ■■ to liewail a hasband. f^.^, 

Bemoaned, pp. Bewailed, ^^l^- fi>"^i^ : he 
bemoaned his misfortune, fS^Ji. 55 (!^5ii:T> 

Bemoaning. 2'pf- Lamenting. ^55- IJl^- 
Bemock. r. i. To laugh at, ^. nf -^■ 
Bemoisten. v.t. To moisten, jf^^, fft- filjfrl- 
Bemol. n. In music, ]? flat, a semitone l;elow B 

natural. #:^(St5 B. 
Ben, Ben-nut, n. A purgative fruit or nut, fX'lM 

Bench, 11. A long seat, usually of lioard or plank. 

^m- mm- f^m- mm- n^f- mi"- mn- Ji 


^•. the seat of justice. ^. 5VS' ^^-^fi- ¥ 
'M- lE"^- &'^ • tii'^ persons who sit as judges, 
^•^. Pglg-g ; a carpenter's bench, ^ll^- X 

Bench, v. t. or /. To furnish with lenches. ^^: 
to sit on a seat of justice, ^^, I!^®- 

Bench-warrant, n. ^^. 

Bencher, n. The alderman of a corporation, ^^: 
a judge, ^^J. 

Bend. v.t. ; pret. hcii(hiL hmf : pp. houIrJ. Jient. 
To crook, jffi ^, Is [ft , ® ift . t^A ^- #. Jm ^T- 
2i1j- ?!!■ t)?- ^- to direct to a certain point, as 
one's course, }%}-. ^%. f|^ : to liend a lx)w. 
*^^ : to bend the knee. gj^. m%- W\t- ^B- 
to bend one knee. ^ll-tT^'t^- to bend the 
lee-s. 2@ : to bend the 1„h1v. JITi^. m^- Wi%^i- 
m^vm^i-M^-'^^-U- t" '-oii^t forward. 
mk- WiW- iF# •• to bend tlie law, jtl', m 

mz^- mi. mnxm- to bend the tist. i^ 

^, MWk-WX- ffif ^ •• to bend tlie elliow, j^;^ 
W- Mi ■- to liend tlie ba.'k, m^- W- 15 ^fi 
#, l!ff H ; to bend the head. i^kM- Wft- M^I- 
iki ; to bend or twist with the haiul. ^[ft : to 
bend to circumstances, |5#, i^'i^. ^vA-Wx^^ 
iffl^; to bend or subdue (others), MHR. ^JR. 
ill: bending to the ground (an obeisance), g^|^ 
fk; you must bend yourself and come (an luim- 
I'lle or polite invitation), i^% MM'- to bend 
one's principles to one's interest, Ji^'J^S^. 
WM.Wk ; to bend (as a proboscis), ^g, m ; 




lo bend sails, ^% ^iji., ^W, ^U ; <o bend 
• bamboo, ^fj^ ; to bend and straighten, IflJ 

Bend, i-. i. To be crooked, [Hi, ^(ft, ^P|E, ^^ftt^, 
If^ ; to be submissive, ^^ ; to jut over. ^i^A\, 


Bend, ». A curve, ^j^, #^, ij^^. inL^ltfj ^g . 
Bendable, a. That maj' be bent, I'J^, 'PJ'liJili, 

Bended, Bent, j'p- o^' «• ''^'''' Bend. 

Bender, n. One who bends, ^^i^-^ifili ^•• 

Bending, jij^r. Incurvating. JiTitll:; ^[11]. ®|j = 
forming a curve, ^ : turning as a road or 
river. fJ}*??. f|||l], ip|. f,^jiij : l:euding down- 
wards. f^i'i^lE'^. ;^|IIJ; leaning, MSI- !ft'g3 
!^; tasteuuig, |J[;]ll^; bending inwards, *^A; 
bending outwards, %*|l]. 

Bendy, n. In iieraldry, the field divided into four, 
six or more parts, diagonally, Pb]|^JI;^. 

Bene, n. The sesauiuin orienlale, ,,^7ift- 

Beneath, j;;-!'/). or «(h-. Under, ;^. "[•' ; lower in 
place, ^7. 7f_^, 7B|i. Tj^. 7(g : lower in 
rank, ^- ^^ Ifi^ ^^ lil ; unworthy of, :f ]i5 ; 
unequal to, ;p ;^ ; lieuealh the screen, |^"f : on 
earth beneatii, i^f ; beneath the feet, B&f- 
beneath an oppressive government. jJUilT- 

Benedict, Benedick, u. A newlv married man, J)f 

Benediction, n. The act of blessing, JfiSJ. fifi, if^ Sfi, 
fi5l+5-- IJifjf. flfSi,!? ; expression ot gratitude, 
W^hMiJ^- ; prayer in favour of any person, |5; 
1^; the form of instituting an abbot, i^^. 

Ifcnefaction, n. The act of conferring a benefit, J| 
,'2- iSS; '^ benefit conferred, }^,M,}^.M- 

BenefiR-lor. n. Ho who confers a benefit, ,S.i, ,S> 

A- ,S.5V- M-E.^- Sll;^±. E A ; one who 

confers benetits by instruction, j'^.fi^ : one wlio 
gives to the poor, jjf fl ^, M'fk ^ '■ i^l^'s are 
called ^- f^ , universtil benefactors, from the 
belief, that they are conferring universal beno- 
fits on mankind. [S#' !'.#• 

Benefactress, n. A female who confers a benefit. 

Benefice, n. An ecclesiastical living inferior to 
tliatofabishop. ififflfll^^. 

Beneficed, «. Possessed of a lienefice, i^iHcIiilJf^'^ • 
possessed of church preferment, ^^iflill.i.Ii^j'- 

Beneficeless, a. f!^}^.^.. 

Beneticience, «. The practice ol doing good, -^ff, 

tfr- afi- Jjjfi- m^- MM^ }^M- }S> 
M- SJiii. M'M^ *(!!• im, 1im ; •^'liarity. jr. 

Beneficient, a. Doing good, ^}^., 1ir^, -^^^ % 
m^ %m' "^Z-, Vim - charitable, ^,>6- M'ij, 

#;6. '1^^6- it-u- m'C^^ M^m>b- 

Beneficial, «. Conferring benefits, ^^, M^. Sfe' 

4i- W^iJ^ W#/- WJfi^ will;- fs^il/;, 0;ii. WtW 

^; very 111 iieticial, :;f;^^^ii, S^ii, iK^ 
ii: #WS : beneficial to man. Y/iit/^ A^ W^'J 
i^A, W0,!^'^A, y/[lS;/$A; lienehcial to tfie 
whole world, If^/^^iif. W^JLIt- 

Beneficially, ac/c. ^S- 

Beneticiary, a. Holding souie office in suliurdina- 
tion lo another. 7"^' MM- 

Beneficiary, n. One who holds a benefice, Jjf^i^ili 

Beneliciencv, n. Kindness or favour l.iestowed. ,I2- 

E, t.-£ t^-. 

Beneficient, a. Doing good, f^-^, JS,!^., /iUg. 
Benefit, n. That which is useful or beni'licial, ,1^. 

M. is.E- -S. fi- S- J2.?^- il^i^. Jli-Vi- m% 

no benefit, ^ift^, 3!ie^;^. l^jiSi^?(IS ; "f what 
lieuefit will it be V ^^f fuj^ipi^ ; of great benefit, 
::^'fi'S •■' performance at a theatre, for the 
benefit of (uie of the actors, '^§^ ; * a jierform- 
auce at a tlieatre for the fienefit of some indi- 
gi^nt. -^1^; benefit clubs, ^■^, ^^■^ ; benefit 
to all ages, myi.mi&- 
Benelil. r. t. or !. To do good. ^. ^ij. fij^, /iH^i, 

-^1^: 10 l.ienefit the people, ^M'^^Je.!^^. Wf-ii^ 
^; it does not Ijcnefit me. :^:'iDii^'l'^ic ; to 
benefit the world, ^i!i. •ij^lli-, i^liii'iiii ; to 
benefit one's self and injure oiliers. ^iJcLttjA". 
to benefit by, t#ii, M^^ fl^'J- H^iJ : "J l*nefit 
the trade, S^;g; ; to benefit one's health, ij 

Benefited, j^p. Profited, ^jS, ^ijig; profiled 
threefold, ^fS^'Jjt^ ; 1 Inive benefited by it, 

Benefitiug. pj>r. Doing good lo, $£, :/i[l^ ; gain- 
ing advantage, ^^, ^^. 
Benevolence, n. The disposition to do good, ^, (:; 

»^. t:-^-, tfi. tS. ,"S.l- /S.fil^- in/t: tii; 

man himself is benevolence, t ^^ A ^ ; the 
heart of heaven is benevolence. %j|^; an 
act of kindness, f-fr, ^ fr. ,13. ff. ,ig.jjJ: : to rest 
in benevolence, /gf-, ^t. ^{-, ^fz : ''™p- 
volence, righteousness, projiriefy, wisdom and 
tnith, t, ^, t§, ii?, fa ; afiection, ^,5, ^,4^, 



( 108) 


^"If ; men sbould iirosorve the sense of bene- 
volence and justice, tH^l'ti' Al^'M^\ 1^'^" 
tsz conversed little on benevolence and justice, 

Benevolent, a. Kind, inuiiane, {z, M- B' ?o>: W.- 
BSJB&J, Jj-Jf, ^,f^, iZ'M.-:^'- " benevolent man, 

ti, t A, l^ilA, ti>bm- Wti^fii w 

B^'^'Ji"; '^ benevolent mind, t'li', ^A ±, 
>g. ; benevolent conduct, tlfi' ; H'e words oftlie 
benevolent man are well considered, t^Jt "s 
^fij; a benevolent government, tS)C' ']'k&. \ '^ 
benevolent society, iz'^ ; tlie Ijenevoleut delight 
in the mountains, the wise delight in the water, 
t^'^lIl^^'ISI^JC; the benevolent man does 
not vex hiuiseir, the brave does not fear, \z^ 
^^||:S'T>'11; <he benevolent (i. e. the heal- 
ing) art, iz'^- 

Benevolently, adv. In a kind manner, #^. 

Bengal, n. That portion of Hindoostan, which lies 
on the lower part of the river Ganges, ^//Df'J 
i%~.'^^)'- ^ t'l'ii ''tu'^' "^'^^^'^ of silk and hair, 
for women's apparel, W'i^'P^- 

Bengal stripes, n. '^M^i'tkW-^- 

Bengalee, n. The language sjwken in Bengal, jg 

Bengalese, n. A native of Bengal, ^//O^iJ A- 

Benight, v.t. To involve in darkness, -^ Pp ; to 

overtake with darkness, :jglfa, ^f\]- i^^J, S 

1^; to involve in moral darkness, -gp^, {^Pg 

to overtake with night, ^ 

Benighted, pp. or a. Involved in ph3-sical dark- 
ness, P|f4 Pfftf*. :j^4', ^gfal : involved in moral 
darkness, J^iJ^, 5*^811- RhD^: -fi*: overtaken 
by the night, ^[ffr, -[i^fg j^CP^?, ,*jW-g^ ; he 
was overtaken by the night, i'g iiij S IE ( fill •• 

Benign, a. ^M ^fU' flk^- ^^^ ^M^ t.>^^ 
tiSi %% M^- %^ll^ ,S.'1#; 'I benign coun- 
tenance, fa fu m w^ ?ii n^ fi^ m- %^mm; 

benign influence, f^fu ^it fliflJ P/f J^- ?SfD Ji/r 
ill ; a benign disease, %3,f^. $1^, $1:),^. ;]n-^ ; 
the Benign Emperor, %!^1^. 

Benignant, a. Kind, j^^iji^. 

Benignity, «. Goodness of disposition or heart, fj;-, 

m^, fj#, fsfu ±)i:v :4iw±ii:>, ;4it^±it:v 

^fn±»i:>, £'.1 ; salubrity. 7K±?5i Ft!. iJ-7Ki : 
wholesome quality, RTfJr^ifKj. f!|ii!} tP^. "^f^ 

Benignly, adv. Kindly. 3^?^.^*Ji: to act be- 
nignly towards tlidsc from alar, ^"JsA- 
Benjamin, n. Benzoin, :^,§.#, ^i^jjj^- 

Bennet, ?i. The herb bennet. M^IJ"/*- ^KlSfS- 

Bent, pp. or n. from />«»/. Jtf; fft -S . jfTi '^iS, Wii ! 
bent, crooked. »lft, JSliij. WtHl. fe. ^. |S. ig 
S-^^fii ^^'^, 5J: bent. dist(u-ted, ij|5.'^, 
{l5; bent over, ^^ ; Ijcnt or cuddled up, ^j^, 
K'il^fj: rather bent. Hj,f|ft'j: " ''("»* ''ow. ^^, 
#• ^^ * ^- <^^an be lumt. Pj JS- RTdll- ^m; 
bent with age. f-t'll, @^. 3^-:g: )>ent down, 
as the liead. ^i^'M- ^i§y|l, mH&'M- fMMf^^ 
flffi^; l)ent, not straight, as a jierson inclined 
to one side. -}&.^M, fjmk- 1A^k-i%'^ 'j^'nt 
forwards, $||5; lient ilnublc, j^JP,; lorced or 
bent, as the mind. |{U, ^gai, fe^ilil- 

Bent, ?i. The having of a fixed inclination, )fejg, 
5l:;f;; bent on death, l^-ti'^^- &^^ : bent on 
^var. }^ ^ IJ. Jfe M ^T (it- ;£ ^ lU ^^^ {:/( ■- hent 
against reason. liJigifiifTiiftiK PJ-fl^Efi. T'l^Jl, 
^^Sl'SpS-J^.^^T'il^a-- '"'i' ononolhing, 
ifi^^ telt'L ^-H'-i—t^, %ir m—- §g; I'ent on 
Iwd. :gt;t ; '^t-'iit "f the mind, 'tl, t4'|t> >6ife. 
J^fpJ : lixed purpose, ;^;g;. (^^;; the bent of a 
river, ||f)jt ; the bent of a mountain, UJ[U]. 

Ben't. lie not, ;f>iJ-, Pg^J-, p;^,. 

Benumb, v. t. To make torpid. -^H^, ^ft^i^ 

Benumbed, j^p^ Eendered loi-pid. MM^lA'MM'M^ 
'&%M^ %-f^ ; '"y '''^^t i« benumlied, |f|];|^: ; my 
hands and feet are benumbed, .^it^jiS^ i Ij^" 
numbed with cold. ^^, J^j^fllS, ^- ^- _ 

Bcuumbedness, ». Destitution of feeling, '%^^, 

Benumbing. j;pr. Depriving of sensation, ^;i^^t. 
Benzoic, a. Pertaining to benzoin, ^,il.§%, ^ 

,S.§6^j; benzoic acid, 4^,|.§It. 
Benzoin, ?i. Gum Ijenjamiu, ^,g,#. 
Bepale, i-. i. To make pale, j^^. 
Bepinch, c. «. To mark with pinches, ^. Jg, l^fij 

^I- [*• 

Bepowder, v. t. To sprinkle with powder, i^^, M 
Bequeath, r. <. To give hv will, ta- iST- ^ifi ; 
to leave by will, ^^j'- %!)&■ ifij?- ^j'^- M: 
to liequeath to inisteritv, ^^i^^M- ^lUfM' 
ilTfgl'i-, f- -/'^ t& ft 0^- /M ^^ m ■■ do not be- 
quealh to him a single hair, ^J j^Ti^'fE— 'li^ 

IE- IT ill- 

Bequest. ». A legaey, jg^g. }ggii]. ^T#jl^- JS 
Berate, v.f. To chide vehementlv. Ji^U^M- S 

Bcrattle. v. t. To till with rattling sounds, fJ [^ \^, 


( 100 ) 


Bereave, v. t. ; pret. herea ved. bereft : pp. he rea veJ, 
bereft. To dopvivo of. ^, ^^: ft^. J^*: 5t 

tJS- ^*- *,D*- MM- 
Bereavpcl, pp. or o. Hoprivcd of. ^i^. f^j^. !^i^ 
*- -iUi^*- $:;§*• 4!J3^*: to 1,0 Lemivod of 
property. n5:T- t^m^J ■ ^T^H- S^^^ 
^- --ri^J^I'-^. ti^- f^T : I'-reavod of one's 
parents, E- ^^■ ^'jCff;^^- -^Jlg'^^^ ^^ti' 
^•. bereaved of fiii'nils and kindred. ^^,— ^. 

^§Mm^ nnm&- mtmffi- 

Bereavement, n. Loss of a friend liy death, |@^, 
^^ ; ))ereavement of parents, ^^^^, ^ 
S8iil^; in your present bereavement, f;J;J|;^ 


Bereaving, ^^i"'- Depriving of, ^-i'. stripping. 

Bereft, pp. of bereave. Deprived of. ^i^-^. Jf>rn ; 
made destitute, ^fj— §, ^l!S; witliout par- 
ents, %. 

Bergamot. ?!. A variety of pear. §11^: a species 
ofeitron, §|^jj ; a perfume from the citron, 
^^^M^jK' a species of snuiT perfumed with 
bergamot, #ft'flll: a coarse tajiestry, ffiJillfg. 

Bergander, 5?. A burrow dui-lc, :^-^:^'|!.|. 

Bergmote, n. A court held on a hill in Derbyshire 
in England, for deciding controversies between 
the miners. ^^iif.X^t^. 

Beriline, a. if.S^.fi^. if.S'M- 

Berlin blue, n. Prussian blue, 'i^aji.- 

Bernie, n. A space of ground of a few feet in 
widtli, left );elween the ram]iart of a fortifica- 
tion and the moat, M)l*5h?j^ ; ll«? slanting 
bank of a canal. yKiM^'l^- 

Bermudas, n. E^^tTi'fffttHfPS); ^ refuge 
of pirates. [feSift. Fig. 

Berried, a. Furnished with berries, WlfH-WJ* 

Berry, n. A succulent fruit containing naked 
seeds, J-,WS )]>||. T'ft": rn\ lierrios. jfaii* 
•^ ; mullierries. ^^ : strawberrv. ;j;^.f^ ; rasp- 
berry, la^. ' 

Berry, f.t. To bear or produce berries. ^^'^. 
Berry-formed, a. Formed like a berry, ^^^W^ 

Berth, n. A station in which a ship rides at an- 
chor. ifiie^)5f. m^^m- !!f)i§ti:i[!i- i^ins 

^i^ : in a ship, the liox oi- place for sleeping, 
at the sides of a cabin. ■)^^^;> f^ : a place or 
employment, B^J§. X^- ^i'f- m^- i^- 

Berth, v. t. To allot to each man a place for his 
hammock. \I^J^it- 

Bertram, n. A plant, j^,^'-^. 

Beryl, n. A stone of emerald colour, 

Besayle, n. A great-grand-father, ^jf][, -:^WU 

Bcscrawl, v.t. To scrilible over, ^j^, ^alL^"?^- 

Besereen. r. t. To cover with a screen, 'M-MWit 
iifi; to conceal, Ki[l. 

Bescribble, v.t. To scribble over, ^1^'. 

Beseech, v.t. ; pret. and pp. besnnijht. To ask or 
pray with urgency. %-^^. jpif ^'IfTp ;-Ji -tJJ ;J^ '§ 
Jji =•= f§5}<- S;li ^<- 1 : 1 l"'^ Ii ynu. ^m^\ 

Beseecher, n. One who requests. f^.';]l^. [f;);. 

Beseeching, pi'c. Entreating, %';]l.^]\;\\. 

Beseechinglv, adv. In a Ijeseeching manner. ^ 

Beseem, r. t. To become. ^W. -j^g, ^^, «•«, 

Beseeming, ^jj;\ or rt. J5f*f^!i- ■^5^- 

Beseeming, n. Comeliness. If (f|. 

Beseeminglv, adv. In a beseeming manner, ^^^i 


Beseemly, a. Fit. I^m. -^-ff. 

Beset, r. <. ; pret. and p|i. heact. To encircle, Pfife, 
il^- ilt- lill^. m{±- iJS ■• to beset on all 
siih's. laiiHfi- EajTuUfi; to press on all 
sides, so as to perplex. Mil JC^i^^. ^C'^fi- ffl 
E, IsSl- ffl*-rari1 : t" embarrass. HDl: to 
waylay, ^ff^. tig. ^.i, g f± : to fall upon, 
^SiiiJ^- iiSj^J^tl : ^1'"' i« '"'Sf-t with flat- 
terers, mm±.Km\±. €. m is ■sia ± a s f±j 

grief besets her hard. gPi^Jisfg-iica. g^g'iffl 

Besetting. 2:>pr. Surrounding. H '^ ; waylaying. 

Besetting, a. Habitually attending, [^f ; a beset- 
ting sin, piPi?:|#. ' 

Beshrouded, a. Shrouded, which see. 

Beside, pvep. At the side of, ^Sl^ii-^^- fPiJif' 
^^^ ; near. -ij. jlnif. -J/^. -^JJl: beside 
one's self, out of wits. ?*^. fl^j. ,j;^,g[. ,j^,!ji^ 

sit down beside him. ^^M\ffi^-^?^WT&'- '-le- 
sido the mark. "^-f^. 
Beside, Besides, adv. Exclusive of. |^, I^Ti W 
^V- ^^l>- Kt.ifl. Kti^. K ; over and above, ^ 
^- : moreover, ^^^h, f^^^^h- jlfc^h. Jil^K il^. t 
W- lV.J Ti'- (J^E- %#. B.#- X- ?]• I'i^ : liow 
many pounds beside the tare. [^Jffeil^ Jf : no- 
body can do it beside you. Kiiigf.^^M Afifijf# ; 
there was no body besides himself. ftll;>^K^# 
5)lJ A ; besides the miseries of war, ^Xtt-S- P/^S^ 

* The last three e.xpres.sioiis are chiefly used in husiness 
and in the common occupations of life. 




$I> ; beskk' the purpose, P§'p' j\^.Pg4'JB '■> 'j^sidcs 1 Besought, pp. of heseech. Eiitroatod. ,^?}«i§. 

Uiis, BJb^^h'^ Pxccpl Yuiuself, ^^A^.^^A' ■■, 
luoreovor lie said, ^^j>;^f5' ; If'sidcs thai, ^ 
^j> ; there is one tribe besides, )jl]^ — |i ; there 
is uotliiiig else, l.iesides what is eoinprised iu 

Besidery, n. A species of pear, ^^. 

Besiege, r. «. To lay siege to. iHg. Uik-M^Ji- 

siege to a eily, H.bAJJC^T' I^WMkII- Jlf^^M 
^1 ; to throng roimd, and piess upon, KJJIllli 

Besieged, pp. oro. tSurrounded w ilh hostile troops, 
Besieger, n. Uue who lays sieg<', fflj^'g'. 
Besieging, 2>py- Baying siege, g J^. [iJ^. 
Besieging, a. Employed in a siege, l^Jf'li; ; a 
besieging army, M^JikL'W- flllf^S- 

Besiegingly, adv. In a besieging manner, J^^fji, 
Beslaver, v. t. To defile with slaver, J^fc'^,^, : to be- 
slaver one's dress, Mi§l'[»!;#t^- 
Beslavered, pp. Detiled willi slaver, jjfcill-i^. 
Beslubber, v.t. To soil with sp'ittle. fiC-^- 
Besmear, r. t. To l.edanli, f^lvJij, ^jflj ; to soil, ^ 

Besmeared, p^>. Bedaubed, f§iiv|I],:i^i^Vl!l, '^{^ 

Besmearer, n. One who bedaul s, f'^Vllj^- ; one 
who soils, ^'fj^. [fij. 

Besmearing, jriir. Bedaubing, f§vill ^ soiling, |f 

Bcsmoke. c.t. To foul with smol.e, |^!;M. -j;V^M ; 
dried in the smoke, il^'^l- 

Besmut, ,:. t. To blacken with smut, ^X'X'BM'^ 

Besmutted, ^jp. Blackened with smnt, fX'K')^')^ 

Besuowed. p^). orn. Covered with snow, flfp^^ ; 

sprinkled with white blossoms, H^tfU'lriii^Jlii- 
Besom, n. A broom, J§Hi, JfiJ- Mw- w> 'i^w^ 

ffl- — ^lilfliifi : a ''Oi'iitl, straight besom, l^i^ ; 

a flat besoui, •^.^.. ^See Broom. f^. 

Besomer, n. In China, a wife or concubine, ^i^^ 
Besort, V. t. To suit, 3l^;f:, Hm^^-^ iM^' ilA 

Besot , c. i. To make sottish, #ii A- f^ A^*( '^ 

Besotted, jiji. or((. .Made sottish, -fj^^ifi : Ijcsotted 
on, inlalualed with loolish allectiou, t'EI'A' M 

Bcsottingly, adv. In a besotting manner. f^^Bl!^ 

Bespangle, v.t. To adorn with spangles. ^^^^ 

Bespangled, 2>p- Adorned with spangles or some- 
thing else, rS#£^- 

Bespatter, v.t. To soil by .spattering, J|f[. }'g^g. •^, 
^^; to bespatter one's reputation, j^-^f^:^. 

Bespattered, jn'- Spattered over, Jlj-^. itig;§. vS 

Bcs]inltering. ppr. Spattering with water, Jflijigt 
■MiVi-'lllii^K; soiling. iyS}5; calumnating, |Jf 

Bespawl, v.t. To soil with spittle, 9^]Jj. t^'-^. 

Bespeak, v.t.; pret. bespoke :, y\). besj)oke, le- 
s-poken. To order or engage, g^/?, IS:£^ ®;vl> 
IKllifi':^- iSi'fJ'';^; <o hespeak a chair. M}^'^^ 
^f ; to forebode, [>, i5, Tt's-fSf-'l- ; h) forebode 
danger, y.^; to address. ^Ani; to betoken, 
ia- ^7r>'^ his language bespeaks him a scholar, 

Bcspeaker, n. ;m^^ •IJlW']'^- 

Bespeaking, 2i2)v- Ordering beforehand, g'S;£, |§ 

fl ; indicating, [>, j^. ^^. 
Bcspeckle, r. i. To mark witli speckles or spots, SjJ, 

Bcspeckled, pj). Jlarkcd with speckles or siiofs, ^^ 

&, ^'^■ 

Bespew, v.t. To soil with spittle, PiJ^, P^^^; 
to bespew the face, Hi^Jl^ Ji. 

Bespice. v.t. To season with spices, AOd^^ ^/HOii- 

Bespit, v.t.; pret. bespit; ii[^. pcspit, pcspitten. 
To soil with spittle, li^j^, j)fc^5,. 

Bespot, V. t. To mark with spots, S,!,- ; to cover with 
spots, lifillKf;!!. 

Bespotled, pp. ilarl.ed with spots, fii^, Mlltii- 

Bespread, v.t. ; pret. and |)p. bespread. To spread 
over, fiti, $i|;i. Mri- 

Besprinkle, i-. t. To sprinkle over, \^ ; to besprinkle 
with water, ffi7K, •i5J7K. ffiyjc flj7K; to be- 
sprinkle with dust, MjL:i SJ^- M Jy li^ '• to 
spurt water, as a tailor over clothes, l!^7K, ^ 

Besprinkling, ppy. Sprinkling over. Jg. 

Bespatter, v. t. To sputter over, f^E}^. 

Best. a. superlative, ti.ov adr. ^il{ ■ ^il}. fl|i/-> 

mu- ^-ir-- aw-. ±i/. ra/-. ti^- if f#5i- 

m#- m%- Mil- fill- #J:, 4£ll, #ii'- 1 
#. ril#- M#- J: if: ^'iiu; the best quality 
of rice, ±_^ : the l.iest old wine, Jii/-:gi@ ; the 
best wine, pf'i®' fSg|/.^i®' the best way or 
plan, yf>ilW ; to do one's best, ^j] ; to make tho 


( 111 ) 


bpst of a thing, ^fl@::^fij: to make the best 
of one's way, tf '^k- ift ff : to (he best ot my 
rpraem))ranf-p. ^^]imi- MMiW^Wi ■ spoak 
to the host of your knowlwlov. JIBfl^FJf^igfi^, 
fii'>i>lf*llntivl:lli^5 : whidi do you'like best? ft> 
4';&^i^%.'/'b- ifi'-'M^k^- t" Invo one host. ^Jl 
S^tE' ""^s' corroetly, 3?-;^; wlmt do yon 
think had liost be done? IIBffr^fi^^fiWit- IS 
f^s':gfll^ir : '"-St of ail, i'ij. : Ix'st aiTanjred. 
#ffil^4T-- ftfftl*/-: '"^st -overnod. giK^. 
^: l>est natmvd, ^— iff'fe : best lompoml. f/fe 
^fS-^^-. liost frainod, Mfli^iffW- ^*ffl 
^■. l,est written. gW*:?^:. -BV.mU- mf 
^tfi: it will 1)0 best to iii-ocoi'd acconlin.n' to 
circumstances, Ifgfiilij-ii^^J;. 

Bestaiu, v.t. To mark with stain, J^J^J. 

Bestead, v.t. ; prct. and pp. he stead . To profit, jfij. 

Bestial, a. Brutish. ^(^P^.^nfilcS^ : vile. g^PiS; 

depraved, gP^Jf. fsfjf ; sensual. Pf?*. 
Bestiality, ??. -^1^1*^; unnatural connection 

with a beast, AMI- 
Bestially, adv. Brutally, 5E?i£. M iS-llitl l!?^ 

Bestick, v.t. ; pret. and pp. hestucl-. To stick over, 

as with sharp points, gi^. 
Bestir, r. t. To move with life and vigour, f|^,55 

it; to bestir one's self, fsg, ^j*, g,j^.. Q 

Bestirring, pp'"- Putting into vi^'orous action, ^ 

Bestow, r.«. To give, iJr, Eg. J^f^. 3§ fSl. jfiM. 

HS^, H^. Aim- ^;- $?,^-- fi?-. -!??- ^-5?- m- 3fr- f^j. 

^, Trig: to Irstow favours. iJiM. B^IM, |^ra, 
i£^. : to liestow rewards, '^p,§ ; to lii'stow one's 
money upon idle things, ^fip^. ^£^1'?^'+' 
n]- iE ft^llt : to l,estow a charity, tUt^. |!f It 
^, PJ^S^. mm- !t^ ; to bestow largely, ]>!j.j^ ; 
to bestow or give in marriage. i§?^ ; to lay up 
in store, \\^f^. ^M.- to bestow or give as a 
present, jg, gf,^, ^JIS; to bestow a reward. 
y-^; to bestow the reward. liWEifl; to be- 
stow one's self, jf^'^. fj^X^; to bestow ap- 
plause. Pl^^, ^^; God bestows gifts on man, 
±1??W:t'fibl§ A; to bestow much labour on a 

Bestowal, m. Act of bestowing, ^%. ^^. -g-^-. 

Bestowed, pp. Given gratuitously, ^Jliil- jM® ; 
given, W-, fl^: bestowed, as charifv, Wf^'M, 
KSii. IS |6l-§; bestowed a benefit, Ff^^; de- 
posited for safe keeping, Jj^g, \i^^. 

Besfower, n. A giver, Hgf , li^, fU/.f, J^^^-, 

Bestowing, ^v^jr. Giving gratuitously, ^ Jl. •]§. 
iSif^ : laying out. ^J]3 : depositing in store. )[J 
^: applying as the mind. JW,^-. jn<ij>fi- 

Besfowment. d. The act of giving gratuitously, 
65$-^. fitl^J;^??: that wliiidi is conferred or 

given. W(W,^>\k- nrrii.t'-fli- m^m%i'Y- Wi 

l^il!^?? '• donation (in Canton-English cum- 

show). ]§,]^\. 
Bestraddle, v. t. To bestride, wiiich see. 
Bestrew, v.t. ; pret. Lestreiccd : |ip. hestreired. he- 

stvown. To scatter over, as sugar. '^%. ^\A. 

^gi; to scatter over as flowers on the road. ^[^ 

Bestride, v.t. ; pret. bestrid. hestvode : jip. he- 
strid, hestridden. JJ^j. J^, |i^ ± ^, gj±; to 
l)estride a horse. ^^^ ; to step over, %til^. J^ 


Bestriding, ppr. ^/j. 

Bestrewn, 7175. of hestreir. Sprinkled over, -^jg, 

Bcstuck. pp. ofhe.^tlcJ:. Pierced in various places 
with sharp pointed bamboo, ^J'i^fff]'- 

Besfud, v.t. To set with studs, ^, |j|; to set with 
pearls, gj^, ^|^. 

Bestudding, pp'"- Setting with studs, ^, ^; set- 
ting with pearls, gj^, IgJ^. 

Besure, adv. Certainly, Q W?. 

Bet. n. A wager, n^-^- : that which is laid. :{lJ^^X 


Bet, V. t. To lav a bet. |al!!^. ^n^-. tTH?! : to lay 
a wager, f|n^-|:^. ^0 m^M- T Ml 

Betake, r. t. ; ]iret. Jietnnk : pp. hetahen. To have 
recourse (0. [t||3; ; to Iiefake one's self to study, 
'^tW>-^M^ rj^SAJi!;: to betake one's self to 
fiiglit, ^^. yJI^ : to liclake one's self to 
weapons of war, jf iSift^-. \^mi. ^^^^^ 

Betaking, ppr. Having recourse to, ]\\, ^^, ^. 

Betel, n. A species of pepper, the leaves of which 
are chewed with the areca. or belel-nut, and 
lime, Jl ; the leaf of the piper betel, Ji!;^. 

Betel-nut, n. The nut of the areca palm, :^^l!,ttf 
|6I5; the leaf and nut prepared for chewing, :f§ 
Ji5 ; the husks of the betel-nut, ^^|5^ ; betel- 
nut shear, ;{>^f:P,I5§5 ; the betel-nut is for gentle- 
men, tabacco for beggars, ^=^'-\fM^UM- 

Bethink, v.t : pret. and \\\k J^ffiinioilit. To eail to 

mind, fg^. tm. tat^. fa.t- ' t^n^, ii 

©•IBli- ^i'li-^iS. SB; to bediiuk one's 




self, |^f£. 

Betlileliom, n. A (own in Judoa. fi^JJ^iJ'I'H ; a hos- 
pital for lunatics, ^fgfl?. fica Bedlam. 

Bethlcmite, n. A lunatic, ^fg; an inhabitant of 
Bethlehem, fH^iJ'IS A- 

Bethought, pvH. and pp. oi' he tit ink. 

Belhrall. r.^ To reduce to bondage, ^■•^^,f'li 

Belhump, v.t. To beat soundly. If^^miV^fM- ff 

Betide, v.t. ; pret. hetid, hctlijed ; pp. hetld. To 

Ij'^ffill: W,- S' F$ ; woe betide thee. i|,| Pf i^ ){^ 

Rf^;; if he were dead, what wou'd lietide 

me? ^%%mMm-^'^mmmn- 

Bedde. r. /. To come to pass, jjf;^', •fJEjilJl. 
Betime, Betimes, adv. In good season or time, u^ 
n5ff| : before it is late, ^., ±^.. Jgl^, jjl ip.|g 

Betoken, r. <. To ]iortend, f>, i^,^!?. JlfTJ^. nUfp;, 
SB/]: to mark, ^J5| ; it betokens luck. iJ-JlS 

Betokened, yip. Foreshown. I>i§.t5i§: indicated, 

Betony. «.^1^. U&ff>ii. 

Betook, ;3)'e«. of betake. 

Betorn, «. Torn in pieces. SpMi^- 

Betoss, 1-. «. To agitate, ^f j ; to disturb, j^|[.; 

to put in violent motion, j^fj. 
Bctossed. a. Tossed. 1^ III •§; violently agitated. 

as one's mind, >iI->J^fL ; mj betossed' soul, j^J^ 

Betray, t'.<. To deliver into the hands of an ene- 
my liy treachery or fraud, ^, ^f-f, ^X^f^^ W 
f^- <iA$liJl- '^n ■■ to violate by fraud. ltj:5f , 
^M.'- bi violate confidence Itv disclnsiuii' a KCcrel, 

^m^- tm- nm- nm^^w-- nmmm ■■ <" 

jiermit to apjieai-, what jirudence would conceal. 
If )'5c ■ bi mi.'^lead. '^f^ : to show, to disclo&e. ^[f 
llj- i'lJRt- f!fflilll ; to lail in an engagement, ^ 
ffi, ?^)^;; to fail in one's engagement and in- 
jure others, ^fgFtjU^A; to betray a prince, 
M^ '• to lietray one's country, to forsake one's 
fl'''e'WS' to betray one's country into the 
liands of foreigners, JSi^^WS ■ to lietray one's 
master for the sake of glory, Wi;Icll ; to be- 
tray a friend, ^'^, fljl;^: to betray one's self, 
Ijltlc; to betray a, ^fg. 

Betra3-ed, pp. Wfifj^: disclosed. JlJJslig ; per- 
mitted to appear, ff j'jJjS ; failed in an engage- 
ment, ^iSff . 

Betrayer, n. One v;ho be'rnys his master. YiTt'Ti- 
MUi^- WA'.fi ; one who discloses secrets. J'JJ 
iillilS^' ; one who fails in an engagement, ^ 

Betraying, ppr. Delivering up treacherously, '^ 
{^ ; violating confidence, Jl^ii?^^ ; exposing, 
ilV§^; fiiiling in an engagement. ^(3. 

Bet rim, v.t. To deck, |& ^iH#.;g. Ifli^g-- I'l 

Belrimmed, pp. Adorned, flltiljj^, tTlS-ii- ^'W 
Betrimming, ppr. Becking, flxfiff- ^T^'S"- 
Betroth. V.).. To espouse. ^^*-. f^^. :£^.^S, 

iflM'^ to jiromise a daughter in marriage, g^ 
mHicm ill-k^-it.m7Ri"li:Ui& ■■ to l-etroth 
an unborn child. ^ljJItXf"^5- 

Betrothal, n. See Betrotliment. 

Betrothed, pp. or a. Espoused. |^?|j0.|Si§|l^, 
rfil^S; betrothed wife, WM- WM WM- it 
^^ ; second betrothed, f|^. M)^. 

Betrothing, ppr. Espousing. |^lf;|. ^|g|,. 

Betrothment, 7i. A contract between two persons, 
for a future marriage lietween the parties be- 
trothed, llPf^^' iaUi^V'^ betrothment and 
marriage, fS^^^. 

Betrust, v.t. To intrust, ^(^l 'M%. 

Betrustcd, pp. Intrusted, §£•§, 'J^ifi'^. 

Betrustment, n. The act of intrusting, fj^. 

Belted. p)p- Laid as a wager, [Ig-^. ^ng-g^. 

Better, o. comparative or fu?i'. Having good 
qualities in a greater degree than another, H 

W, M<t- m^"- m^- *#• :fe#- S^W- ji#, 
±#, mi- :tJM5iT ■• I'^'ther. ;f;ia, Z^^,^ 

g, ¥■ "SMm- PS-ttlf: what am I the better 

f"i' if? ^j-kiAum'^- ^i^wiH'm- this is 

b,.tter than that, IM^kJi^A'-m- ]^iir^ff^\ 
that is better than thi.<. ©Hfl^llfc ; tar better, 
M?f M-. M-f^Mj, mif. : raucii better. nn%M 
JH^^; tile sooner the better, i&'^^ii.l: the 
more the belter. ^$«,i#. ji^iH 4/ ; a little 
lietter. ^ij- if — fl\l- W*: getting better, to 
1)0 con\alescen1, i|if;iiiil-. jifjf.l;. j^Jt-'S-j-iMillri^l^!:: 
l)etter for jioth parties, ^t^Mil- ScJlfclSW: •^ 
little better in health, Mif — fKj. ^^W*- 'h 

:t-it7fci!l-'fi^j. Jt-)til*; i^^tter die, ;};iii 

5E- '¥5E- 5EMiT- • 't is better for me to die, X" 
iW%^i^X^^^%'Sma)\ Ijotter die than 
dejiarl. ^5^/^:^ : belter commence the attack, 
tliau to wait and be kilhd. $\iWf\^^^% 
P^^CY^; a word from Wei diing is better 
than a hundred thousand teachers, JJ^JIi— "g 
)l;^h755,ifi;!i ; Tan was better tlian Yu. f]-^1f>: 
3?)-. get the better of hiui. fi^i^.li'y^: be got the 
iietter of him. fll^iilfg ; cannot get the better of 



( 113 ) 


him, n^felfij |[l-fc|^(B-fiil ; vou are belter than 
I. i^^Mii^^^ ■■ i lli'Mi.aiit iipUer of it, ^ijiliS 
"Si/ffci -fl'S-T^^'^^: I i"vo liim belter every 
day, i||',iSii-:S^{Ii. H ;t A ifii'^til? ; ''pH'^i- V'c 
a (log in poacciil.ile tiiiK s f liiiu a lunii in trnub- 
loe.s ours. !t£i^-k^T--Jti;i:®IL1!iA : (o get the 
Ijetter of nnc Ij'-^-^A: fnmint get the better of 
f.tlierp. :^.ti^W.i!^A : it is better (or mo to do 

Better, r. t. To make better. ii,^lS.ii- W'^'Mih 
ejCjlW, llyJIilif, Ji*?4P/- ; t" l>^t<'^i- one's 
coiulaet. ]C [i- [!Jc:iE. CJCil. iliffi : <o l-ett"- «ie's 
poiidition. Rf./|:n. M^-Ib ijP^- M!!!:- 

I'eltei-, )). A snj^erior, ±_-:^ ; oii(> wholiasrlaim to 
preeeilenee on aceoimt of rank, ±.^J\ ■ J\.'^v.i^- 
^^, i^^'; one who has elaim to preeedenee 
on aeeoiint of li's age, ^f^iy.^i. -1^'}^: one who 
lias e!aim to proerdenee on aeeonnt of his offiee. 
AMt- ^<.t;- '-'nr boilers. 'k^M^mt ±'Ml^ 

^% A-mirs- nrnwi- ^mifi- 

Bettend. ;;;,. Improved. 1'% iMUli;-. ^giTiivtH^, 

Bettering, ppr. Jiaking better, ff;J]giT-, Wi^kl', 

improving one's eireumstanees, P>m. \V\:!(^- 
Betterment, a. Improvement. Sg^/fg. 25: il; ,'' |f • 

Betting, ppv. Laying a wager, jlf!;-. iJ!B(!n|-|^. 
Betting, n. The laying of a wager. ijf;n|;|^^-. 
Bettor, D.One wlio liets or lavs a wa^-er. PJij^-, ng- 

m^- m-^^- mil-- ' ^ ' m 

IVtty. ». A small iustrnment to break open doors. 
Betiimlijrd. a. Bollcd about, disordered, ^^flijg, 

Betwattled, a. l'onfoiind( d, UJ|T. !ij,|i^^. 

Between, prrpAw the intermediate space, 41, r^ 
Fril- Tril- i*I. "sl'V- ±XSi\ between you and me, 
|i^'f\:,-Vn[-i : what is that between vou and me 
(l)elwc^n friends)? m'i\^nA'1^!<ht\^r!Mm 
±4'fj"-f:^plw : il'vifle it between tlie three, ^> 
HH'Pf:'- ^ A^O}- il5>i4H A ; between morn- 
ing and evening. ^jyif.ffS] : to jnTsslietween, 
^f±- m\i.. the spaeo between. f{!|J.Ji. .1.^1];^ 
•Jill- [!9'^ : <" interpose between, f/^jtli A- fiff? 
A. Fcl'ffc^ IaM-'- f^4'; a go-between, ^IJ^A- 
iJi!;^- MM'J' *A. ftM: it lies lietween you 

ilinxs -ri^f^i^^^-A. -^rif^^HA. ^&aft;HA; 

between a may-)je and a may-not-l)e. VJi^^ 
fn] : lietween the sexes, there should I.e a. pru- 
dent reserve, ^±^-y,\\. 

Bet ween- deed s, ?i if'Wfi'- 

Betwixt, prep. E-twcen, 4'' fral ^ hetwixt two 

things. 3^if^^Fc3 ; betwixt life and death, ^ 
5E£ffJ]- :^5E.>I?T.; 'x'twixt two evils, mf:±. 
■1'' =lMf«l^i!ll; ketwixt vou and me, ii^^-'/ 

Bcvol, V. A kind of square, one leg of which is 
frequently crooked, 5:[iii^K. ^g. fit^ ; a slant 
inclination of a surface from the riglit line, ^"l. 

Bevel, a. Slant, ^\ ; a Ijevel angle, :4^- 
Bevel, V. t. To cut to a bevel angle, 'il"ij:jt-tf|ff, 
Bev(d(d, pp. or a. F(jrmed to a bevel angle, ^^ 

Beveling, «. A hewing of timber with a proper 
and regular slant toward a bevel angle, '^]\]'i3t 

Bever. v. I. To take a small repast Ijetween meals. 

Beverage. ». An agreeable drink. jlfukiL'^^k- iT' 

0^ W. m. fKj m W: Jh ?§ ;V if^. jw 0: fi^ if^ ; 

colfee is a fine lieverage. B^iyiiT^t-iffifc : water, 
7jiC : cider. tp-idfY ' '''' mixtin""? "f cider and wa- 
ter. t^M'{\W'^i^7K '■ a drink or treat given for 
labour, m^-- 

Bevy. ». A tlock of birds. -.-]If.,^,-^;if ,i[|; n com- 
pany, gffi; a bevy of ladies, — JjI^A- 

Bcvy-grcase, n. glivil]. 

Bewail, v.t. To b.unoan. n(,t ^^5. ^^j'jj;, V'^^.f^^ 


m. ms;: 

s- -m 

bewail one s jiarents, 

Bewailab'e, a. That may be lamented, "Pj"^'^^, 

Bewailed, pp. Lamented, ^5IJii, fg'M- 
Bewailer, n. One who laments, ^ij?;^-. 5"5l^- 
Bewailing, p/Ji-. Lamenting. 5i5t, I'ii?!^ ; bewail- 
ing tone, ^5!®. 
Bewailing, n. Lamentation, 5i5S^-, |i^Y5S^-- 5" 
^■M^Jl'Zm-- liKlEif. ; expressing grief for. ^ 
AWil- I'x pressing much grief for, \i^^i%WiJ5 

Bewailiuglv, ndr. In a mournful manner, J^*^ 

Beware, v. i. To regard with caution. fS. pfM. 

vm- m^-'M/d.- mi^- ^it mm- §i£n 

5l5c- iJSli : <" bike care. )]^,i^. ^J^,^ ; lieware of 
it ! jlXi,?^;^- 'l'M;5l; beware of wine. Ji^jg. 
Bewdiore. v. t. To corrupt with regard tochastity, 

Bewilder, r. t. To perplex, ^g^. ^'MM\M^- ^ 
ni- nni fl-i^'- tLA>6 : to lead astray, -j^St 

Mit 'ist #£t #ii- ni>i-- 

Bowilderul, pp. I'erpluxed, [J^. ^1,!^, jfM^ >b% 




PlflL, >MSMl ii i" ; eompletely bewildered, 

Bewildeiin.ff. ppr. ov a. Losin.ii' in a pathless place, 
fT$Blf§- AMi- AWM, ^^U- perplexing 
with eonfusii.n, VfgL- )\J^l >M$M^l 

Bewilderment, n. State of l;eing bewildered, [^[jjj. 

Bewileli, i-.t. To deceive tiy trieks or imposture, 

mwmv\, mm'tMA- mkmw.A, yuj^i 

llifpA, Ji'y^tiM A ; <o tasrinale, i:|g,ffiA, 

Bewifelied, pp. Fascinated, fjjtiigt ^fePJrii' 
i0ifi ; deceived liv triels or imiiostiu'e, f)jlj5[5;)|tj 

Bewitchor, n. <>iie who deceives liy tricks or im- 
posture, if<:ii]±, A. 5[>()!ti-;^. Mik^ A : one who 
fascinates, mMM.^^- 'jl?EA% mAr^^'- 

Bewitchery, n. Fascination. j^K^^^illlT; deception 
by tricks or imposture, ilA|)|tj, i/i)<i'4tj. 

Bewitchful. a. Alluring-, MrM-h iJlliV^- 

Beu-itcliing. ppr. Fascinating, i^\Ws(\^- j^lS^, 

Bewitciiinii'lv, adv. In a fas;-inatine- manner, ^ 

Bewrap, v. t. To wrap up, 13 jj?. 

Bewray, v.t. To Ijetray, wliich see. 

Bewrayed, pj). Betrayed, ilj;i|j|' j^ : disclosed, jlJj 

Bewrayer, n. A divulger of secrets, Ui0^K. 
Bey, 1!. In the Turkisli dominions, a governor,'^ 

^. See Beg. 
Beyond, pyep. or «(•?{■. Yonder. ^f;i', j[il)J^. J]')!^'. 

j, ^i>m- mv- mi- ±^h 

place not 

yet reached, 'Mi^^'^'M ; hi a degree exceeding, 
3®, ^1>: Ijeyond the sea. Y(-^V- l!^''M^9h'-: ''C- 
yond the frontiers of riiimi. n^il>: beyond meas- 
ure, i^H, ^M' M^' ^^h. t&^h-"^I^h: I'p- 
yond what is proper or rigiit, •^•■f . -f^g. j^pjf 
"'ft ffl : 1 leyoud t he reach , Z^JA- HiH' ^Jilk^ 
JiJ ; it is lieyond your reacii. ffR'f^^i- ff»JVf ^ 

M: i^n7Ami'mz^pj7^' mmpffJA •. )"".y™d 

my reach, ^^:fj^;t- mfa^H- ift^.t/.'-il 
^^i.}iM-- beyond ono's iiirans. ^^|, ; lioyond 
ihcamiiiinl 1i\ed. 'jJf^l^ ; beyond the fixed time. 

5§WJ. iil'i^- jtlill- mm- MM ±.^h ; hevond 
beliet; Z-li]\;\. ;^!iLfR, I'SffififM : not beyond 
this, ;r/4f^ll[:. f','f •§i!|i--f!fi : to sjiend ))e"yond 
one's income, ^i^ JHiS*5W.i. fililH ^i§ A,g> : 
beyond the hiilf. -fi^J, j§— i}2 ; to sbiy deyond 
one's time, f± JiJifiJIIJ : to go beyond any one fto 
deceive one), m^MA-WMAM-A^ to go beyond 

(to penetrate further or deeper). frJajR. ff ;|g 
j§- B^- JIK; (0 exceed the truth, -gfj : not 
beyond this, Z-^h—Wi- 
Bezan. u. A cotton cloth from Bengal, %4^g||/j» 

Bezoar, ». An antidote, fjf^:^: liezoar from oxen, 
^5it; bezoar IVoui dogs. ^q^:Q. * 

Bias. 7(. A weight on (me side of anything, f^'_§'; 
a leaning of the mind toward an object, ^^, fg 
M, iilti], j^ifij, ;f;,iTii]. f|^5. fji/., If ff ; preju- 
tBce, fift. ^AB- [S]-tt- i/t—: (he ))ins of a dis- 
conrse, t^f/,^- \<li^i^- 

Bias, fl. Slant, ^, ^"l. : a bias cheek, 2?|Iii ; to go 
))ias, to run bias, fjSt- WiH - to cut cloth bias, 
Si 3? ; to fall bias, 'i^f^. m^fl^- 

Bias, r. t. To incline to one side, fe i]\ : to pervert, 
Olwf A : to prejndice against, JxM- 

Bias-drawing, n. ffi^. f|ft. 

Biased, pp.orrt. Prejudiced, ^^i®. teftfl^. Wi 
ft^I?!;: warped, fiPlf. ^lj(j. 

Biasing. p^>r^Prejudicing. fiAlili 6iA0ii; 
warping, fi,^-ft^. 

Bib, H. A small pic'e of cloth, worn by children 
over the ))reast, )M^^^:tUyKn- □ ^K ff- 

P7K3^. n*ii. m^- imi mm- mw^ p^k 

^; name of a lish. ^ft^. 
Bib, r. i. To sip, i;g,i]v tij. pJjjil^lC ; sip the wine, 

Biliaeious. a. Addicted to drinkino-. ij g^, Bgfft, 

Biliber, «. A man given to drinking, jij-^^, 1^ 

n^:i\ wine-iiibber, umn^-ummim 

Biblde-babble, n. Idle talk. |i7^[£-. I'SHI''!?^^- 
Bibio, n. A name of the wine tly. iiS'iililll^. 
Bible, )(. 'I'lie Bnok, bv way of eminence. 4'^. |g. 

^<^;^#; tlie Sacred A\'ord of (iod. ±'7if;V#^5l: 
the Sacred AVriliiigs. ?il.$Jk - tlie sacred volume, 
containing the revelations of (iod. ±.^IicjJ:^ 

liililo Society, n. A society for the distribution of 

(he Bib'e, mmtf^- immnt - 

Bililcr. u. .\ great drinker. j|fi@g, JSfil/, fg|§, 
Biblical, a. Pertainini;- to the Bible, ^^fl^. ig 

* Dr. Mpdhurst gives the names of several other kinds of 
intestinal concretions of a calculoii.s nature, which we 
merely add for curiosity's sake, as we were not snccessful 
in discovoriiiff any : — " liezoar from pigs, 5fiSf • Ijezoar from 
monkeys, ^M '< bozoar from camels and she .'p, ,?t¥g|=^. 




Biblically, adv. In accordance with the Bible, ^ 

Biljliojiraiilior, n. Ono who coiii|ioscs or comi)ik'S 
the hii^tory of books, t.^.mk^->^ii^^%^^- 

Bililiograiihie, Bibliogni.]iiiieal, a. Pertainiu.i^- lo 
\\w hislorv of )..oo!:s. t.$l^U- Xlill'i'j- W^''t^' 

BililioiiTiiphv, n. A hisforv or (Icscriiifimi i:;i liooks, 

-^k- mk, ^4-^iu' i^^^^- mm^^- 

Ihl.iliiilalrv, n. \\(>Vi^\n\\ (ir hoiiiage paid lo books, 

Biblioiuaucy, n. A kind of divination, porformed 
))y moans of selecting jiassiges of the Sacred 
Scripture at hazard, and drawing from them 
indications com-eniiiig thinu's future. fS^jj;}^ 

Bibliomania, j(. Book-madness, fl^^jfl, Jlrijirili);^ 

■^, ; a rayv for possessing rare and curious books. 

Bibliomaniac, u. ftno who has a rage for fiooks. 
Bililiomaniara!. a. Pertaining to a passion for 

books, ^u.%, mm-i- 

Bibliopole, Bibliopolist, n. A liook-s;.'lier. H^-'^", 

Bib'.othecal, a. Belonging lo a library. -^1%%. 

BiMiolliecary, n. A librarian. ^*-^-, i#^% i 

BiMiolheke, n. A library, ff^:. ^^M- 
Biblist, )(. One who makes the Scriptures the sole 
rule of iaith. ^?i|^^|g^- : one who is conver- 
sant wilh the bible, M^lg-^-. |S:^. 
Bibulous, a. Spongy, iift^l'M. \}MW.%Mi- My\<- 
\'\i\ that has the (|iiality of imlaliiug lliiids. F'}'- 

Bicalearale. n. Armed with two spurs, as the limb 

of an animal. ZlJfgfKj. ^WM- 
Bicaj salar, a. In Ijotauy, having two caj sales con- 
taining seed to each iiower, g^^f^, '^ft^^- 
Bicarbonate, n. A carbonate, containing two parts 

of carbonic acid to one of base, ^;yijf$^. 
Bice. Bise. n. A pa!e blue colom', \'!!VM.^-A^^i^^- 
Bicentenary, n. |g-^, ZL^'j^U- Wi- 

Bicephalous, a. Having two hoads, '^'ij\}^. fi^U^ 
Bichc-de-mer, «. Trepang or sea ginseng, j§^ ; 
white biehe-de-mer. t3J/f-#- ''''^ck biche-de- 
mer. |^ji5-#. 
Bicipital, Bieipitoas. «. Having t wo heads.l^ilji!'^ ; 

muscles having two origins (liiceps). Mllillll- 
Bicker, v. i. To quarrel, !«] P :^ .^ IkM^^ ^BUS- 

;|--g^; to scold, Pji.i^, IIIM; t*' quiver, as a 
tlame, %fSi\ lo quiver, as water, '^^. 
Bickerer, n. One who engages in a petty quarrel, 

Bickering, i>py. (,)uarreling. pJP /^. ^f^, ;!=■, 

Bickering, n. Contention, ^i^piS}. 

Bickern, n. An iron ending in a Ijeak (v point, 

Bicolor. a. Having Iwo distinct colours. i|2-£,^j 

Bicoujugate, a. In pairs, ■fjlj I'i'j ; placrd side by 

side, ^\±ic. ifcjt"^- 
Bicorn, Iheornous, a. Having two hoins. '^%^\^, 

Bicorporal, a. Having two bodies, '-sl^d^, %$J^ 

r/icrural, a. Having two legs, M'WM'- 

Bid. v.t.; pret. ftcZ, Z^fc/e ; jip. hid, bidden. To 

ordei-, r^iiif.]-, njpf.]-, 5i,^, ^, lai, ;R. IL'. mi- 

f^W- I'T®); lo bid. as at auction, [Ijfit ; lo liid 
lip- lUiSjff- JifS^ffit"; bid him come in. ^\\iA 

It- n^ft!lA3j«. ^SfiiiA^f. n?fA^J, jKA^J: to 

bid farewell, ^t\\^. ii^iiff, i^- *0S^ 4t5;IJ- nS 
^ij : lo bid good bye. pilj- -^ ; to bid welcome, 
?jS -H • -& tl: ^- .^- IX jffi- t!l M Jy jffl : to bid 
l.ieads, :g:J^ ; to bid prayers, i^lif.]'® S£m-fr!)i|,!| ; 
to bid the bans of matrimony, ri&-h\ 'o bid to 
a feast, ??!?<% iL'-M." ; b) fiid to do a thing, il;>|!fj-, 
{■lil'-i- ; to bid detianrc, [i;^A, j^ ^J : to bid fair. 

Bid, Bidden. I'p. of hid. Commaudod. njjpf.Ji^, 5^ 
lif,j-0 ; invited, ^ii^\ ottered, !_lj-§: il bid hiir 
lo our prospect, ^jfi%W.\ "H 't"-' sons did as 
they were bidden, ^u'T^ll^ii'- 

Biduli', n. In England, an invitation to drink ale 
at some poor man's house, and there tm-onlrib- 
ule in charity. ti^^jmKmM\m']^M^- 

Bidder, 7i. One who oilers a price, |Ii r/^-. jgffi"^; 
bidder by tickets. ^^J'.. {UW; to sell to the 
highest bidder, \W]^. '^%. f&^\ 

Bidding, ppr. Commanding, ^■^. JT^jifJ' ; invit- 
ing, "gj^-; offering, \\\. -]^-, announcing. *•. 

Bide, f. i. To dwell, gf±. Yk\i., "M,- 

Bide. v.t. To endure, *, fjf, g; lo suffer, |j^ : lo 
wail for, ^. a^igl ; to endure hardships. '^il; 
lo endure cold, jUjI !■{}■: to suffer reproaeh, ^^; 
able to endure, '^f^, ^Y\%- ftlH- : uljle lo suf- 
fer, m^- 

Bidenlal. «. Having iwo teeth, lif?!!?. ffj^^- 
Bidet. H. A small horse. )]>,^. ,l^fp; a balh for 




Biding, py)?\ Uwelliiig, ^fi- 

Biding, n. Ecsidenco, J^l^. 

Biennial, «. Continuing fur (wo j'cars. j^ rffi fi'j, 
M^P^; taking place once in two years, Zli^% 
— 5^ ; blossoming once in (wo years. ■^:f|i|lj 

Biennially, adv. (Jnce in (wo years, [ij^ip — ;^. 

]!ier, n. A frame of wood for conveying dead hu- 
man Ijodics (0 (lie grave, #;#5K' Mi^% M' 
^ ; a carriage for cou\ey ing (liem (o (lie grave, 

Bies(ings, n. fl. The firs( milk given liy a cow 

Bigamist, n. One who has (wo wives a( once. ^ 
Bigamy, «. The crime of having two wives a( a 

time; ^'^^. w±tm- ^m^\\^^m- * 

Big-be!lie.l. «. §jn?ri'j. -kWP.- ±^m^ %mW 

15ig-boned, a. Having large bones, M-^^. 
Big-named, n. Having' a famous name. :;/c^rrj. 

Big-swoln. n. (iri'atly extended. JJJ";;^. 
Big-uddend. <i. Hiving large udders. ^<./<)/^-. 
Biggin. «. A child's cap. f^'^^iiiH- ii'iu^- J^ ? 

af(er calving, ^li;jl'||]^|L-:^-^f+f^iS;j^±?L- ' Biglii, ». A small bay iiciwcen (wo poinis of land. 

Bifariou.s, a. ^, f*. ;//|lfg-. j^*"*; ambiguiais. '^ 

igPU; poiuiing in two ways, ii'?^. 
Biferous. «. I'earing frui( (wice a year, — :fpMJK 

Biffin, n. A baked apple crushed down iulo a (ia(, 

round cake, ^ji^^^Sf- 
Bitid, a. In botany, two-cleft. ^M'iS^.^; opening 

with a cleft, mm^^- yMm^^ m^m;_ _^ 

Bidorous. rt. Bearing two flowers, l^^fiit- Si^^ti 

Bilbld, a. Double, t. git- tUi, l fi. m S^ 

Bifoliate. )(. In liolanv, having two leaves, '^-}ii 

Biibrale, a. Havino- two perforations, [g'^ijfi. ■^ 

Biforni, a. Having two Ibrnis, g^Jl^fltl- HlI]^''iiE- 
Biformcd, a. Compounded of two Ibi'ms, '^^ 

BilormKy. «. A d,iul)le ibrm. ilJI^^. ^WU- 
Bifron(ed, a. Having (wo frunis, ^M^t^-- [iffii A-J- 
Bifurcaie, Bifurcated, a. Forked. ^. Y ji%. fj 

Bifurcation, n. A ibrkiug. ^:?<f. 
Big, rt. Barge, :}^; growing up, -^^iK'- ^ woman 
big with child, ZfJ, fgi]^ : to look lug. j^ ']fi. gf; 

fl^- mm ; how big bo grows, ^^mmk ■ H^e 

big or front gate, ■X\'^; a big-headed prawn 
(a fool). i^lifVJ'lfx'-' vou think yourself rather big, 

lii:kmm^ fljy^ic; to <'>ik big, (Di^;, @ft, 

^iii- Ma, to go big with a projeet, f:]il\-^ 
WJcSI ; to Ije big with pride, m±, MfUY-l ■ 
big words, f^'s' : a crisis big with great events, 
iW^i-X^i- dt!l!*Tic^f ; lio looks big upon 
others. ^AV[i±Wll- a I'i.i^' ^f-e. ^. ifuVc ; '"H 
of grief, j|'.|^)]J:'M'l^: 1-rave, i^]]\\: lolly, p^j : 
great in spirit, ^^■ 

Hyff : (he doable jiart of a rope when (bided. 


Biglv, (idr. In a sweilinc. bluslerinu- manner. 

Bigness, n. Largeness, J^^ : bulk, J^^-. 
Bignouia grandidora. n. '^'^.^. 
Bigot, n. A person wiio is obstinately and unrei- 
sonably wedded to a particular creed. &c., j/jlzyi 

fi- i!^mx^- Ei44:g. m^. m-n?^, ^m 

Bigot, Bigoted, a. Obstinately, and blindly at- 
tached to some creed, jJEgi. ^r^ifl^ 'i^iiM- ^mJ 
W% S^tfli fflfKj; very bigoted, ^,'iji/HT^ 
yJH' ^t— *! bigoted to one's own opinion, ^[^ 
Ji ; begoled ;ind impenetrable to reason, ^/ij^ 

Bigotedly. 0(/c. In the manner of a bigot, j/£. ^,1; 
^, i^t ; bigotedly attached to goomancy, \\^\^ 
Wk}\<.'- bigotedly attached to the ancients. \]^ 
is ; bigotedly adhering to ancient usages, f»] ^i 
ffii^lj- ^''Jii/£'&i5l|; bigotedly adhering to one's 
own opinion, i^i^, ^IxL^i ft-cl^lJi- #t— 

IJigolry, ((.Blind a((achmen( (o a part ieu';ir creed. 
iJi.%'x.t^y-'{lijJ^'^-- e.\cessive prejudii-e, ^k^l^j. 

Bij;/ii. ,(. ; jil. Ilij-mx. A trinket. ^Yfif) : :i j''\Md, J^ 
Bijoiilry. *,. .Fewej-y. .-^'lY^JcS;-?. 
Bilabiate, «. Having two lips, if] jgiVj. fj' i^ ^%. 
Bilander, n. A small merchant vetsel. ihf]\.>]\^^,. 
Bilateral, a. Having two sides. fi^Ai-iriinfJi;. tj'i^ 

15il berry, n. iLj-^^J- ( ? ). 

Bilbj, ;,. A rapier. ;§|J, HCiUJ. 

Bilboes, n-pl. liOng bars of iron, with slnckles. 





used lo confine Ihe feet of prisoners, ^f , |i|H^, 

i;illjO(iuet. )}. A tiiy railed a ciip and liall. ^^. 

]iile, n. A yellow lii|ii(>r. separaled lV(iin(lii> blood 
ia Ihe liver. HI, Ijn.^iJU. IJIfl-. Jll^if.^ ill! 7j<. 
Ijf-ilfl-: lo vomit liile. |f,illM7K: excessive bile, 
Ifi-l-^; vilialed bile, mf[MU- 

Bile. /(. An inflamrd luinour. See Boil. 

Bileduel. II. A vessel lo convey bile, )1U^. 

]5ilestoue, n. A concrelion of viscid bile, JJU^, ]]Ii 

Bil.u'e. )(. The prolnlieranl }iart of a cask at the 
middle. ^^^.; the breadlh of a ship's bolloni on 
which she rests when aground. ff^Jii- %^}M.i, 

Bilp', r, /. To sulfer a frarlure in the bilge, i^ij^^ 

mi- fi- 

Bilgv-pimip, n. 5|if£lj7Kt5lY- 

Bilge-water, n. ti-7K,ii A±7K JlJ'Kfi^'K'- 

Bilged, fi^. o\-a. Having a Jracture in Ihe liilge, 

liiliarv, ((. Belonging lo the bile, Siljll, IJUiVj. jjli 
% ; the biliary duds. M f^-. IJT ±. HI vl" <§= : 
biliary calculus, IJD.^" ; Idliary disorder, flg ^ 

Bilingual. Bilinguar. n. In two languages, jil^l^ 

Bilinguous. «. Having two tongues, f^ Ei'fl'j- N5 
JJfflf: speaking two languages, Vm^V^'^^ M 

Bili.ius. a. UUP^. JinfKj : excess of bile, ]Wi\-±^, 
JlIi^K-i^^ : a complaint. M^f^^ ; bilious calculi, 
Jlii^: l.iilious fever, ^|,'i..'.:MiSE- 

Bilk, i: t. To deceive, WM^ ^]^. ll^,|i|. 

Bill. n. The beak of a fo\vl. \%, f5%^ ,^n. SI P, 
,|ili|C ; an instrument in the form of a crescent, 
and fitted wilh a handle, r.sed in cutting, prun- 

ing, &c., a biii-ho„k. u. m- mm. »7j> « tj^ 

m^■ S'l- ??)• iJ; a kind ,if bal tie-axe, ^, ^ 
fl^, ^3|i: a hedge bill. ^. 
Bill. n. A written paper, jp, ; a bill of exchange, 

-tjp., Ii5g. m. jER^, ii-1. WM- MJm. ; ^ 

jiromissorv note, |R^ : a bill of sale. WH;^. 

Ill Km- kw^i- '^ I'iii foi- 8"wi^. HiiV: fi'j 

i^jp : a doctor's bill, ^Jiif. ^i'sii : a bill of di- 
vorce, ftfi-. ^>#. i;i,m-. ^r-M:im- ^ ''in of 

lading. \\X^'M. litrn- tSKI-R- £itllt:l'iil 
of fare (in Hiiiiai. gg^^^. ^ijp. jilfi:^^ ; a 
druggist's bill. H^V^ ; a bill of indictuient. ^ 
}j|j ; to make out a bill. [^^ ; make out a bill 
for the paying off of all debt, |j3?!jrjl|^; to 

bring a bill in parliament, j|l;irfti'$iV# : '"H 
of mortality, igfy^'s^. ^IkZ'm- W9^^'^ \ 

is the bill past? i^^U^. ift^rp: bill of entry. 

mMWi$.-^imM.-A\!:i\^im:^ ■■ ^ bin of sight, 

IftWi: a bill of rights. Ji'.sH. ^=g ; bill of 
health, j^.^^: to send a bill, ^BW- ; <" pro- 
test a bill, ;f il^. f^^ : lo accept a bill, ^iji; 
a bill of credit, ^%'^. 
Bill-sticker, n. Une employed to stick up bills or 
placards in public places, ,%'7f;^',!!|!i;^ifj;^-. 

lo ioin bil 




Bill. c. /,. To advertise by a |)ublic notice, [IjJJfj;. 

Bill-book. n. mil$Jk%'- 'M'ii.nk'-^%- 

Billet, J). In China, a se]iai-ale note accompanying 
official documents. 3?^^; a small note in writ- 
ing, (fi. ^ff , ifi"^, ty.% jm, jnj. ^^y^. 

Billet, n. A small stick (of wood), 7JvcJ^, -—,1^^. 

Billet, r. ^ To direct a soldier bv a ticket wliero 

to lodge, mum- 

Billet-doux, «. A love lelter. '[i|#. 

Billeting, ppr. (^'iiarlering. as soldiers in private 

hou ses. jr^ Pi ',vf m^>i^^ n (\^ wk ?,' { ^^i- m i§. r^ • 

Billiard, a. iVrlaining to the gauie of billiards, 
n'&m^ iT'ilJttflf: -1, billiard rooui. jlj tS ; 
billiard table, ijjt'iji ; billiard ball. ■^)X■ ^jilji^; 
billiard slick, ^J'iSLWt- 

Billiards, «. pZ. A game played on a rectangular 
table, covered wilh a green cloth, with small 
ivory balls which the players aim to drive into 
hazard-nets, or pockets, at the sides and corners 
of the tables, by impelling one ball against an- 
other, wilh maces or cues, iSI^ ^Tiljti|E. ^jiS 
!1S- iiji ; ■■ flit' Chinese gam?, '' ^-^j- ; to play 
afbilliards, 4Til^- 

Billing, 2>pr. or n. Caressing, ^'>%. 

Billion, n. A million of millious, ^|j|;. — 'T'-Jl:- 

Billot, n. Gold or silver in the bar, ^$^1^,. 

Billow, n. A great wave or surge of the sea, 7]^, 
'm- 'i&B- ±1%^ Hi's- iK?S- ?i^'i&> iM$^ \^'^- 
ii\^- M- milk- 

Billow, c. i. To rise and roll along in large waves, 

Billow-beaten, a. Tossed by billows. ll^f]iji^v|y. 
Billowing, ppr. Swelled into large waves, )\^',k\J^ 

Billowy. «. iSwellcd into large waves. jlii;i^^c?li • 

f'uii 01 billows, i^ -s -Si. m- iyx -U -jM ri]j- M- ^K 

Bilobed. Biloliate. a. Bivided into two lobes. ^M 

Bilocular, a. Divided into two cells, M/%(i'i^ ^ 

BIN ( 118 ) BIO 

M^M^ M nji"!^. I oaniost, ^;£|R ; to bind one an ajiprcn) ice, iC 

Biliicbi, n. J5,> 5§ff,- {%%^). \ ^^i"^^ ■ '" 'jinLl over, iif^lMW \ '»> ^Jin^^ two 

Biinaciilaio. r(. Having- Iwo spois, M.l/i''lf' 11 Ji logctlicr, |ijfj£ ; (o hind in friondship, -^^^^ 

fl-J- ^T l"!^ jI- ,|ft. Ili)^ ; It' l^'iid logedier, as glassware, ,t^^^; 

Biiiiana, ?k A lerni applied iu llie liigliest order to bind as prisoners. S|,^. ^^y^ : to bind into a 

of luajnmalia. of wliicli man is the (3'pe and small compass, §?|j|<;ifi.5f;; to seize and bind up, 

sole geniis, g^*^^, ]^^WM- [f-^M- i's a sheaf, ^tyi'^io hind the bowels, fMS^M^b 

r.iinanoiis, a. Having two hands, <M^(r'i^ ^f [^ IrUu- luftff ; lie was hound liand and foot. U[;.^ 
Biuiarginale. a. Having two margins, pUjIi^'EF, ! j5.. |;l(i^|iti Ji| ; '0 he hound in gratitude. gfejM., 

iiti^>&- I I'/J i^tiyJS'^ ; 1 ^vill he bound. m\i''^ rm\i7KM 

Biiijcdia!, rt. ];imcdial line, ^4' If. ffi-'iHVi: •' wind-hound ship, Z-ijI^Wlk^t^,^ 

Bimensal, a. OeeurJ-ing oneo in two months, jig ^fds^iWJi^l ^^"iliBi^^'lM'i^lSiWHt- 

J^—'X, MJ^—'^M- Bind, v. i. To eonlrart, W^li,ti^^W\\ to grow 

Bimuseular, a. Having t wo at laehing musel.s and si ill', ^g^, ||Pf!f feliPl^f ■ ^lk\0^ \ ti^' y™w l''^''^. 

two maseular imiircssions, fi^lJJLfifj, -MWk- ikM- (t^S- 

Bin, n. A wocden l)Ox or chest, used as a repcsi- Bind-weed, n. A troublesome weed, of the genus 

lory of corn, 0|u; separate rooms, used us a convohulus, Jl)'(\^^i1[}^^g. 

repository of corn, liSJg:, j^-^, ;tjg. Binder, n. A person who hinds, ^}\r^,y^^; a 

Binacle, n. A wooden case or bo.\ in which the book-binder, fftt^'. fT§ll£MTi^Rl|if# ; iiuy- 

compass is kept on board a ship, it|g^ff , ?! tiling that binds, ^f , {{^^^g. [^. 

^Sfeff I ^Alti- Bindery, n. A ]ilace whei'e hooks are bound, fflj 

Binary, a. Compound, d(if two. iLsS.- ll fu "• Binding, j;^-/-. Fastening a baud, f^lifj;, ^f^, ||[; 

binary compound, i^j^ i^Hmd-J ^'a^- fl^ friliifi-lil •]M ; couliuing, pj^f^, ^.-ijl-jj ; covering as a book, 

ffi h^lt ; 'jiiiai-y slar, ^ /■ ;^, ^M- S S- 1[5pM- ! It ; contracting, jJ |?i; ; making stilf, y^U, $. 
Binary, n. The constitution of two, 'n^-^/Hi^, \ f^. \^. 

11 tf' -^'- I Binding, a. That binds, f[;^, MI>l[i;5:!Ef ■ Frl^JW 

Binale, a. Being double, Ml'l'j- iFlJE: growing iu Binding, n. The act of fastening with a band, |J15 

pairs, H-^, ff^fKj, ff^P^. ;^n'^- ; book-binding, ^^^ ; something that 

liind, r. t. : pret. l.ovrnl : pii. /yo;M(«/. IJj;. pif^:. ,f|. ^.|-ures the edge of cloth, ij;|i|||^. 

ffl- >li' H- 1-L- >li M- K% MUi- fflM- .rt:!- ^i ;ti, Bing. «. A heap of alum thrown together, —1% 

m B- w^ M- m- m- M- ih m- m- ^&. si. m- ' bp- 

K. M- It' i^-' ^l'4l- f^- It- U- t^-ir- to bind Binnacle, n. The compass box of a ship. |g±,l 

with cords, m i±. Mf±- ^ifi- -tii^ii- ikm ; to fjg-iff, mj\ M- mwu, iis^ji^ /fii-i fii- 

bind up, M^M- MUl: UV-, '" 'lii-tl t'a**': 5g; to Binocle, n. A dioptric telescope, 'jllhlil- -iii:^- 

bind logeiher, W3.-W^'^ I'iJi't 't. flf^-fjj- ; to ' Binocular, u. Having two eyes. £1? llJ^HiJt-. MUliflO ; 

bind (he feet, ^ii^H^. #:|Hl. I^'-Dlf ^iJil.'H'a : to having (wo appcrlures, i^iitVj. MfMll^J- HSfe" 

hind the head, 'QilH ; lo bind (he head wilh a P^ ; having two lubes (as an opera glass). ^ 

bandage, tiVji^ ; lo bind the liands behind (he i fejI'M.Ml^jti^I ; :i binocular telescope, M-Jlh^'fl' 

lack, flfg^fJi;. I^^l ; (0 (ie up into a sheaf, }j^. ' fjj. 

^f±4:ljf±-^/](d:- ^^\±.'\'iL^- t" I'iiit^ flcsc, il Binoculale, a. Having two eyes, <MM-}-fnBll 

M- iraiv tl^t^Q' n^lti:^3;u ; to hind lorsely, f^ Binomial, a. A root consisting of two members, 

•^.^a- Ifl'^la ; to bind Ihe neck of a dress, jlj^ connected by (he sign plus or minus, as : a -f b 

#»I: B\M '■ to form a border, ^j^Yj^ ; (0 bind or — 3, Z1^,J^ ■ binomial line, 'i^^^ ; bino- 

wilhra((ans. f.|f-|)iii;. ^Tliv- ^^IS'^Bi ! to bind on niial (lieorem. -Q-^ji-. 

Ihc girdle, }^?g. if:|i-l,f,l|(. ^i^ : lo bind close and Binoxyd. ;;. -Sec J)eu(o.\yd. 

straight, $|l-l(fi;; (0 bind up the hair, yH^.'-pk IhoccHale. <i. .Marked wilh two eye-like spols. §i| 

ffl- MM- J^ia ■• to wnvi-ap, Hf±- H ai ; '(<' llJil'lO-^MlMJE ; a biocellale peacock's feather, ^ 

enwrap a cor[ise, "^P ; lo liind hooks, fT#-fT ^IkiiivU- 

P ; lo bind by covenant, 1*?^ ; In hind by an Biographer, n. A wri'er of lives. i^'^U ^iSi f^ 

ngreemcnl, ij{^\v\: ^:W-). ifP}: lo liind wilh f|:,^-. 

an oath, |SjS-^:uiu!i to hind a hargain wilh Biographic, Biographical. <(. I'crtaining lo l.iio- 


( 119 


graphy, -^^M^^snWU- 

Biography, n. History of the life anfl eharaf^tnr 
of a partii^iilar person, :J': A WfT- -AcA a'trfft: 
■afid^ ll^tfi^- —ImU ; hiography of a clan 
or individual of the s:nne, ^litf^ ; biograpliy 
of distiiigiiisliod ladios. ^'},t^I$: biography of 
eminent statesmen. ,'£-[5 |^-,'5.5'|J[ ^ ; liiograiiliv 
of elans, aiI;B|,]i=ff. ' \l^- 

Biology, n. The seienee of life, ^r5±.ll- dtfS'^i 

Biovae, Bihovae, n. Sea Bivouac. 

Biparous, n. Brino-inc' forth two at a liirlh, ^JJ- 

m- !^*lfii n-Offii(, ^m- Vt^. ff-^; 1 bi- 
parous, a.s applied to plants, MfPfl^- 

Bipartible, l>i]iar(i'.e. a. That may bedividi'd into 
two parts, nT^i^ti]^. pJ^I^z:. 

Bipartinent. n. Bividinu' into two parts, I^KJ.^ 

Bi]iartite. a. Having two corrospondent parts. §!| 

^i\'h $\^ '■ (divided into two parts to the base, 

as a leaf. S^^.±S|. 
Biparlition. n. The act of dividing into two parts. 

iH^WH'-Wi^^'^ the act of making two 

correspondent parts. felJDf]^- 
Bipectinate, a. Having two margins toothed like 

a comb, W&M^i^W&^m- 
Biped. * n. An animal having two feet, as man. 

Bipedal, n. Having two feet, j^jg,^. i^^. M 
Bipennate. n. Having two wings, ^JM.^, i^M 

Bipetalous, a. Having two flower leaves. __|^0fj ;| 
having two petals, ZLWiW-h WPB'MKKJ- 

Bipinnale, Bipinnated, a. Having pinna h> leaves 
on eacli side of the petiole, •0ii^,>P^, 3^ 

Bipolar, a. Doubly polar. _^^i\'.i. 

Bipnnctiml, a. Having two points, Wi^¥^\ M?j!,' 

fi^, mm- 

Bipupillate, a. A terra applied to an eye-like spot 
on tlie wing of a butterfly, !i]i|fM±;J:nji-||5, 

Bi(iiiadrate, n. The fourth power arising from the 
multiplication of a square number or quantity 
by itself. Hjl^i- 

Biquadratic, a. Biquadratic parabola. j^^^^^Jii 

Biradiate, Biradiated. a. Having two rays, Zl%^\ 

* AllH^#. t 333fllit«. 

Birch, n. The betula. t.Wf^ W^^CH 

Birch wine, n. Wine made of the vernal juice of 
the birch. W^^im- 

Bird. n. A terni for small fowls, % : for large birds, 
S.^ : birds, or the leathered (rilie, ,%. -^S. ^M^ 
fUtt- "^'Mik' l''i'<1s and leasts, -^fn^: a Hying 
I'i'-'l f!l,ii- ^fi- migratory birds, \\^^. jW^ 
-^: wild birds, ilj^. \-^i^. fyi^: norlurnal 
birds, 7^,1^; a lucky bird. 5§,|!-, : an unlucky 
birds, \'A\$i. T^f^i^Bi '■ ''i'''^* '"^'^^ beasts could 
all talk, .^g^^Hb "ra ! t'^'' harmonious singing 
of liirds, V^, \\^i ; (mainniimy) : the caroling of 
1)irds, the diss-^nsions of friends, f^f^; to hit 
the bird in the ove, ^T""!^ ^ fi"'^ feathers make 
fine birds, ■^'ctjkW.^t&¥iA ■ <" '^i" 'wo birds 
with one stone. — .1^3i!#! -^SfliW^. 

Bird of Baradise, n. A genus of birds found in I he 
Oriental isles, some of them remarkably lieauti- 

Bird-bolt. n. An arrow for shooting birds. ,^^, 

Bird-cage, n. '-^nt Mill- 

Bird-catcher, n. A fowler, i§'§:^' one who 

catches birds with bird-lime, '^M'Mi^- 
Bird-cherry, n. A species of priivn!<. whose fruit 

is peculiarly grateful to liirds. i^:|??^. 
Bird-eyed, a. Quick-sighted. RlDH^flS. 
Bird-fancier, n. One who takes pleasure in rearing 

i)ii-cis, mw- 

IVird-like, a. Ecserabliug a bird. f^]^. iu^lffifl- 
Bird-lime, n. A viscous substance, used to catch 

Bird-man, n. A fowler, which see. 

Bird-organ, n. A small barrel organ, used in 

teaching birds to sing, ,^M,^^, Ml^*f?- 
Bird-pepper, n. A species of capsicum, affording 

the best Cayenne pepper, fgl-KiiS- ±it:t'K- 
Birds-eye, n. In archerv. the tarii-et. ^^. f,(i,. (\^. 

Birds-eye. a. Seen from above, 'i^ffl. ^ff'TS!?' 
W'^Ki^^- SSDt'iii; birds-eye view. IfiJ^, 

Birdsuost, )?. A nest in which a bird lays eggs, 
and hatches her young, ^, ^^^, 'j^f'l- ; edible 
birdsnests, plE^; superior, clean or mandarin 
nests. "^IjS;, 0P.K; common or middling nests, 
'J'j^'dllS; i]iferior, unclean or feathery nests, ^ 
aK; they are often simply called XpfTi s'^'" 
perior, middling and inferior (qualities). 

Bird-witted, a. Flighty, f^WM' %1W- 


( 120 


Birsander, n. A wild gocsn, f^. 

Birboniloidal, a. Having a siirfaeo romprsod of 

twelve rhombic face?, -pUjiiif^fj: -]- ~[fij''|iE. 
Binviali, n. |® iii]. 
Birosfrafe, Birostrafed. a. Having a double beak, 

or proeeg.s resembling a lieak. <M%{\^- H-'D^fi^l- 
Birlli. V. Tlie net of being 1 orn. ^. ^. ^^. ^ 

^- ^^-. Ik^^, !L!l!i% ai 111-?;% vJ^M ; ll'f art of 

bringing forth, partnrition. ^/(j^. jj-ii^. plt^; 

premature l,irth. Ij^Uff. FgQff. tl^'-MjN^ . -f:^. 

^iJ^ Ifildfe- ^M^MS-- s:i].ernatural biitli. Fl^^. 
m^:- FfJl: il"^ l'ii-<li of Christ, JIPf^SF-?-^- II15 
{■ill'^ILI"- WSMi I'l' : <" 1"^ reborn (ns in transmi- 
gration), iSi%. ^_J^. ^It. %[\]:. ^JiOfr: tlireo 
at a Ijirth, -^^Isr.^'- ^ person of liicli birlii, 

5V T- . :t %< 1 1 ! ^- - ti I- iV T- • m m ±. '4? ■ 'P M 

fi] : a person of mean birth. ^|"JT-. MJ-- M 

'M(\'.i- fi % -T. 1^^ 1U%. If? ^ ai ^-"-t^^ 

\wm- rWi^^P)^: '"'^v '-'!'•< !'■ lEdt- Ji^- fa^- 

®J^- ITj.:^: wliatever be your liirlh. ;rpra!li 
fnj'.i<. ^t;.J^:rc'4?- PSsS^^I"]-- fn'm birlJi to 
death. Ij^pJ^fC • hirth and death are decreed 
by faith, ^^ff (^ : to celebrate a birth, WsWi 
j0 ; from birth till the age of ten. /; ^-^ ^ ! 
men at their birth. f'j^;5:II.^. 

Birtli, Berth, n. A station in which a ship rides. 
See Berth. 

Birth-day, n. 1^0. |i EI . w?Ji. R J.- ':^M- II 
,^, ^^; an idol's biith-day. ^^E- ^^BM^ 
W-M^ \%M • "'P- birth-day of an emperor, 'fp^i^} 
£|i.MJimft-%'t'B-^?S; thel)irtli-dayofa 
prince, "^f^: the birth-day of the Pearly 
Emperor, 'SLy\lU'JL'- to congratulate one on 
liis birth-day, ^IfcH- Si'S- WiM- W\(l-'^fK\ 
birth-day presents. ftSj). \^%i. ^'^. f|0, ^ 
^•. to celebrate one's birth-day, fii^iH- 

Birth-place, n. The plnee where a person is born, 

dk/'S- -^Jt- nm- uiM- #ii- ii^ifif- aiii'jPK 

Birth-right, h. Any right or privilea'e, to wliirh 
a person is entitled by l.iirth, ^Ifjifif. f'iJ:^W 

Birtliwort. u. 'j'^i'l. 

Bis. ]ii or ?>(«, as a prefex, signilii s i-epelilion, 

¥]■ 'ill- 

Biscotin. 7i. A confection, made of tlour, sugar, 
marmalade and eggs, ^B.^. jn^WWMM 

Biscuit, 11. Twice baked bread. '^.■fJiiiM&l '• ^ 
kind of bread, formed into cakes, ^®f$i' M 

e=r- nil- tmm- >h^^m- ^K^m- mm^ 

H: scda biscuits, |,i; |7' gf- fi ^ ging'"'' biscuits, 
■jfi'Sf : sweet biscuits. pJiWc'^t'- ^vater crackers, 
iMMti', foncy liiscuits. .$.j||jct£fj[- : porcelain, 
after the first baking. 'M—^±.i^.'i^- W (?). 
Bisect, v.t. To divide into two parts. iH-^M^X' 

Bisected, pp. Divided into two equal parts. $lj-^, 
Bisecting, ppr. Dividing into two equal jiarts. ^-ij. 
Bisection, n. The act of cutting into two equal 

parts, *-!]?;-, ^^; mi ^-• 

Biseriate. a. Existing in two series. ]^fr''|t,MTT 

Bisexual. r(. fn botany, hermaphrodite. F^r^^[iJ] 

Bishop, n. A spiritual superintendent, * ^.fp-^!\jc. 

Catholics is, ^fii '• in the ]n-imitive 
church, an elder or overseer. ^^. -{f ^-, ^^ 

Bishop, n. A cant word tor mixture of wine, or- 
anges and sigar, WM^^M^M^IHWM 
■^ Ijishop. 

Bishop, V. t. To confirm, ^\f,- 

Bishopric, n. A diocese, ^kU^J^fW^^JM- 

Bishops-weed, n. ,^^- 

Bisk, 51. Soup or broth, made by boiling .several 
sorts of flesh together, Ji|l^?li-. 

Bisket, n. See Biscuit. 

liismuth, ?!. A metal of a yellowish, or reddish- 
white colour. ^'Mi- 

Bison, 11. A quadruped of the hnvtnr genus. |l!f^. 

Bissextile, ?!. Leap-year. [-'r"^^-. 

Bister, n. A dark-brown pigment, prepared from 
the soot of wood. J^iif-& (pig'^^ liver colourl. 

Bistort, u. Snake-weed. ^^. 

r)isfoury. )?. A sm'gical instrument for making 
incisions. ^U^Jj \ sfiarp ]iiinted bistoury, 
MW 7] : 1'^u'it "pointed bistoury. Hi *f jj ; 
straight bistoury. |(i(/i7J- 

Bisnlcous. a. Cloven-footed, as swine or oxen. 'i{§ 

Bit. II. The iron p:irt of a bridle, .fpg P^lt- I^PSP 

* Tlie term :^c45:(iili, " great slieplicrd, " so often lieard 
and .so frequently used by such as slioulJ know better, is 
very olijectionalde, leading to erroneous no'ions as to the 
posilion and duty o'" a bishop. 

t Acts 30,21 and V. 17; Tit. 1,5 and V. 7. 




ehod lo (he ljit,fE, 

i*, #. itIS: Iho reins a 

I.!it, r.t. To ]iMt a lii'idlp ii]ion a liorso. ^\l}^^: 
to put tlic, into I he moutli. ^fP^lf. 

Bit,H.Asiiinllincco. _/4i.— *|jj/^._j^ : a jot and 
wliit, — I,'/. — 'fi^. — 'g : lie is not a Lit wiser, 
^M-^d'j'M-iai '■ '1 small eoin of (he value of four 
pence, [n]Yii''^, : a bit of l,read, — fKj ^Q : 
not a l)it. §IUW\^- -I li*<l'' I'it- -^fl^PlI-^ : <'i, tJggij^l^:^; a fewliits 
of fat, g| f[: UE HeJ; : l.roken liils, ^.p] ^, Jff P^ :• 
broken to bits, ^^., ^Pj^.: wait a liit.^^— f- 

Biteli, «. The female of the eanine kind, Jiijllg, JiJ 
#, !|{::ft : <lie hitch o-oes, ^fijUitll^K : a prosti- 
tnte, Ifijii.f^^: son of a )at(di. JfijUff, l^fi 


Bite. v.t. : pret. ///f : pp. hit. hUten. ?$, |J, ^. 
M: Pel- 1^-. DlQ. I!tl, i|: I'ite off a mouthful, pj^ 
— ll^/j : to bite in two, P'inJi]- P^^if- P^lt- V$§1 
W<k. : *o bite or tear a hole, p^^^ ; to liile tiie 
lips. Vicl§, nf ; to bite small. pfjj:|^^. pg^: to 
liite and ehew letters (pedantry). P'J^Pll'7^ : 
this dog will bite you, l>'gffc?fi]:^-P'Jfrr- ]lfc:klc 
n^fi^ ; to bite one's nails, P^c^JlJ T : it liites. it 
is very pungent, as pepper. iT-f^. fll^, ^jjiflflj; 
to pineli wiUi cold, KjfifS'i'' iiiWiU'B ; to 
reproacji with sarcasm, [if | lliil. s'lnfi '• to cheat, 
^A. Ift'lEA: (0 liite the thumb at one, fl.f. 

Bile. u. The seizure ofanylhing hy the teeth of 

an animal. l\'^ ^-, pjl :^ ; to take a bile or a 

mouthful. p$— p;',S ft#ili>'| : to steal a bile, {^ 

\MKS^ ■■ II10 I'ife of a dog, |iTj,t.P'J. -it±.P§C^ ; ii 

^_ cheat. g/aAPfa. ^tru-- lo take a bite, liRPHili;. 

Bitei', «. fine who biles, ff'^ ^ : one who cheats. 

Biling, j*y;r. or c(. Seizing with the tcelh, p^< ; 
pungent, ff, jjiil. ^-4$: biting cold. <^J^fiJi, i^ 

Biting, «. Act of biting. ?ii^; pungency, $$^. 
Bitingly. adv. In a sarcastic manner, Tji'l liJltiifMl 

]')itmouth. n. The bit. or that part of a liridle 

whieh is ]ait in a horse's mouth, ,t^P$it- 
Bitfacle, )(. Sec Binnacle. 
Bitted, pp. Having the bit put in the mouth, ^ 

Bitten, -pp. ot'Hte. AWiunded by the teeth, |ltP|^, 

Bitter, a. Acrid, -;§, ^. gif ; bitter or briny like 
seawater, ^.^; as liitier as gall. JjUPlf-"^-; 
more bitter than wax of the ear. '!''{ IRJll^ ; 
distressing, m^,^^,^^,^^.}i;>|f.yrj^; 
very bitter, {((■]§; bitter and pungent, ic!f^$;a 
Ititter or hard lot, '1^^ ; bitter words, "^"s, W 
#iKf ; bitter weeping, ^^5S, ti5S, WM ; '"ttpr 
enemies, :||titfi.. iji'iik : I'itter repentance, ^'(^;. ; 
sweet and biilei-. "|l'j'':'r; bitter and sweet taken 
together, ifSlplS'-; ''ilb'i' lo the taste, but 
wholesome jihysic, i^-pjiSI ;■ bitter peach, i^ 
fiJlW: bitter almonds, :lt;^<; bitter dates, jf 
jlJj; the bitter cucumber, or egg-plant, ^-JR; a 
bitter vegetable, a species of Eruca, ^|^^; 
bitter vegetables, fsM- 

r>iHei'. n. A substance that is bitter. Sec Bitters. 

Bitter-salt. n. Epsom salt, 'j^^^^, ^^lU^M- 

Bitter-sweet, n. A slender elinibinii' phmt. ^ ^^ 

Bitter-wort, n. fientian. ^5^. 

Bitterish, a. Souunvhat bitter, ^•^', ■'^\[^, ^-P^, 

Bitterly, adv. In a severe manner. '^. ^j^. :g, ^ 

>^. ; "to weep bitterly. ^^. 'M^JlMniM. U 

mm- ^WMM ; ''Hterly afllicted, ^t®, iii 

.& w 

]]iltern, «. A wader, |?|?. 

Bittern, ?!. The brine remaining after the salt is 

concreted, |^. 
Bitterness, n. A bitter taste, ff, 1'jW, fiW^ - 
a biting satire, Blilil] ; painful afflietion, ^j^iJiy, 
'-^fli- t!?5^ ; fl'^op distress of mind. idM^i- 
Bitters, n. pi. A liquor in which bitter herbs are 

stoejicd, -JIfiJS. 
Bitting, ppr. Butting the bits in the moiilh. j^ 
Bitume, n. Sec Bitumen. [,n| Plif- 

Bitumcd, a. Smeared with liitumen, f0^'^- 
Bitumen, n. Name for various inflammable su))- 
stanccs, of diti'erent consistencies, and found in 
the earth, flit Jill #^1" ; liquid bitumen, ;fjli 

viij, ^I'viii, ^m^ iiijtKm. mmm- 

Bituminous, a. Having the qualities of bitumen, 

Bivalve, n. A shell consisting of two parts, which 
ojjcn and shut, IJiJI yg ; " bivalve shells, thick 
and furrowed, as Area, !llU',5^!!!& ; bivalves thin 
and coloured, as Tellina, Cardium, ij;& ; bivalves 
thick and smooth, as Mya, ]\[ytihis, fj^, j^illf. ; 
fresh water bivalves, broad and thin, as Unio, 

!l!^" r^- MM- 
Bivaulted, a. Having two vaults or arches, .jjt 


( 122 


Biventral. «. Having two bellies, SS5i6^' WM 

Bivioiis, a. Having two ways, ^[^JJ. J^U 

Bivoiiae. «. The guard or watch of a whole array, 
^I^W^^ '■ ^I'o encamping of soldiers for the 
night, without eovering or tents, in readiness 
for immediate action, i'^AM^i^l^- 

Bivouac, v.t. To watch, jgig ; to Ijo on guard, as 
a whole army, m^n- P:5^' ^"^Wlfl- 

Bizarre, a. Odd, •j^i:^. 

Blali, r. t. To tell in a thoughtless manner, JJtP, 

Blah. r.L To tattle, U^mB^ WHi^/iK. Wft 

Bla",, ,1.' A )m))bler, mmtk, im.M- 
Blahher, «. A tattler, pfW^. Utftff. 
Blabber-lipped, n. See Blobber-lipped. 
Blabbinc:. ppr. Telling indiscreetly what ought 

to be concealed. J^g. WAhm'- mfv 
Black, a. Bark. M. n= . j^. ^. ■{«. S^. fJ. ^. ,f'(. 

■!^. m- 1^- ^- k- ¥'^ •. I'^iii- ''■^■"^^'- sie. ; 'ii^- 

lilack, };?#; soot lilack. vlMg ; lihie Ijlack. ■:g 
1? ; green black, fg ; black and white, S^; 
black spots on the face. fiiSg-M. ^; destitute 
of light, n^. MPf^ HI : the Idack art, axfifj, ji 
i^;5l||5 ; lil^T'l^ <l:i3% 1^1 H ; e^^fs that look black 
and l)lue, ^Tf^lW-^- tmM : b'ack-coat, * 4^5: 
Fitlj;^!^: I'lack c"othes,"i{<<^. M;^^. ^^. a 

^. mM-W- a I'l'if-k f^f•^ ,^mi: SMllffm : 
black eyes, ffifl^ ; black clay, .I|Jj|^ ; a black 
man. M^^. '^:% A- M A "■ f^ black woman, M 
-k^ HJ^'^^ 'If'l'l^: fi ''I'l'^t (wicked) heart. 
Sj5'" black spo'ls. mM}]. Sfi^ ■ black lend, ffi 
ilO ; black merchandise (opium), M'^ : a lilack 
mould, JU. ]^_-t; to look black at one, [|^,11li^ 
njinll A. iHPflA: fi black mourning dress, 
.^HR' (white in China. ^^. ^^flR): calamitous, 
ikl ; affairs look very Idack. iJ^fi'p; black- 
haired people of China. f^J^, |^%. f^|K;. 
Blackamoor, Blackaiiuinr, v. J^JUf/A, -iik. .i A- 
Black-act, n. %M: a- law against hiintino- deer, 

&c., ^t^miTif Mt55ii[/ii ^f(;J:f5il, mur^ 

Black-art, n. Conjuration. /|a||]. IfflJ^M- 

Blackball, n. A composition of tallow, &c., for 

blacking shoes, Sviili. ®S; ^' '^11 of a black 

colour, used as a negative in voting, ffi{^^. ;p 

Blackball, r. <. To reject in choosing by putting 
blackballs into a ballot bos, ISlMf-g^, J.^A, 


Black-berrv. n. The berry of the liramb'.e, ^^, 

Blackbird, n. Oj.^, f,|^X}, J^#. jg^, Wfr.^. 

Blackboard, i?. A board used in si-luxils for w'lit- 

ino- and drawino- lines. &e., ^tt^f JHHvl^f:^, 

Black-book, ??. Any book that treats of necroman- 

Black-lirowed, a. Having lilack eye-lirows, fe^Y? 

fKj, .^I'PK : gloomy, ji ffij .H®. 
Blackcap, n. ^^ : an apple roasted till blaidv. 

Black-cattle. n.pL Cattle of the bovine 2,-enus. as 

bulls, -til. 

Blackcock, n. A fowl, ,^^. -j.t*B (?). 
Black-death, n. The black plague. M-^. 
Black-eyed, «. SB^ftfj. 
Black-faced, a-'kirij. .HffiJ. M^fifj. 
Blackfish, n. ^f{^ ; a sjuall kind of the whale. 

Black-forest, v. Schwarzwald. a forest in (ier- 

mn n y. ,!| #, H H M SI ffc f/, Z ■ 
Blackfriai', n. A name given to the Bominican 

order, ^gijiiliK, hlkW^- 'XiM'^^^'il 

Blackguard, n. %\f^, tiff- '^P- 

Blackguard, v. f. To revi'e in scurrilous lann:uage, 


Bla(d<guardism. «. The conduct or language of a 

lilackguard, ffi!flI±.fT®- 
Black-hearted, a. Having a black or malignant 

heart, Mj^fl-J. 
Black-lead, n. Bhimbago. .^j;^. 
Black-'eg, «. nfi;-|;JJ. 

Black-letter printer, n. r\l^^f-^^. ii^^W.- 
Black-mail, n. Money paid to robliers. to lie by 

them jirote^'led from pillage, ^"f^^lf} : to levy 

black-mail, ^J^. 
Black-monks, n.pJ.X nanu' given to (he lioiie- 

dietines, -!5,'.fEl'l^J^Sj?#5C^. 
Black-moor, n. A negro, ^;n|{ ^ : !^ black man. 


Black-mouthed, a. Csing foul language, if^P''^- 
Black-pigment, v. A very fine lamp-lilaek, used 

in making printer's ink. ^f^. 
l)lack-Bod. v. The usher of ))arliameiit. t^^^tg) 

5VfrA[)+- f^mi^^- ^^m^- 

Black-Sea, n. 'I'lie Euxiuo Sea, Mjf^. 
lilack-silver, n. A mineral, called brittle silver 

ore, MSi- 
Blacksmith, «. ^XJiPHii- n^Mc^ BW.-nWi 


Ulack-siiiiKn. n. ^j^. 

lj\acis\n\\i. n. A coarte liquor drank liy lliu 

vulgar, .f.j@. 
lilacktail, n. A fish, .(ti^, $,Jg^\ (?). 
Blac-klhorn. u. A sie^ies o[ ijrunus, called sloe, 

Biackfiii, n. mu^Mm- 

Black-visagc'd, a. Having a dark visage, ,l^]nf^", 

Blac-k-voniit, u. A cojiious vomiting of dark- 
colourod mat tor, resembling coPee grounds, p^ 

Jjlack-wasli, it. A luliim composed of calomel and 

lime-waier, f^i^, (ivmmM^i^mjm^ 

Blacked, p}}- J^Iade black, iM^^- fi^^E- 

Blacken, v.t. To make lilack. ^.I^T^M, jn-, (o 

blacken Ih.'slirrs. JflM^i^ifjJi^i, iM*t^ 

Mlfeli'^ t§>^&W^- ''J blacken ones character, 

pK^^- ?JMf ; 1" ^iilly "Ue's reimtalion, j^A- Jfi 

IMackeu, r. i. To grow black, ||m. jjJ^M. f|m. 

Blackened, jip. Made lilack, vSii,'?i^.^i^ : black- 
ened one's character, p^ps^j^, 

Blackener, n. One who blackens by rubbing on 
black substances. t^M^%^M^-; one who 
blackens by soiling, ^M ; one who blackens 
by slander, t)U^^- 

Blackening, ^qn-. iMaking black by soiling, ^M, 
^.^ ; making black by ruljbing on black sub- 
stances, fiS,^.^.^ ; making black by slander- 
in d- *fi»t$ 

Blacking, n. A substance used for blackina' shoes, 

Blackish, a. Somewhat bl.ick, ^M, ^%, f^M., 
M4^, ^,^&- 

Blackly, adv. Atrociously, ^Sfl'j: ^M^M- 

Blackness, n. Dark colour, Mg,. &j^ ; the quali- 
ty of being black, M^-,',^^-, '^^ : darkness, 
Mllft^-; atrociousness, p.^^-, MMi- 

Blad-apple, 7(. Prickly pear, jjiijiiilj^. 

Bladder, n. A thin sac or bag in animals, which 
serves as the receptacle of sumo secreted lluid ; 
as urinary bladder. Jlfj^^, 7Kfl^,KI]|; g^H 'jl^i'l- 
d«iN 5HK ; ail" l-iladder of biids and tislies. ^I]|^. 
MllS.; a \valer bladder or blister, 7jc?a, 7j<)]^ : 
paralvsis of bladder, }]§^ft^'^l<\ calculus of 
Idadder, JJf It^HI^- 

Bladdered, a. But up in bladders. jj^li'^H^. 

Blade, n. The blade of grass, S3'g ; the blade of a 

( 123 ) BLA 

knife, 771^, Ji^, JiU, J].f^ ■ a knife of three 
I'l^i'les, H']S7J, Hn JJ. Hf^fl7J ; llie shoulder- 

^i »>§• 


.. . ■aL'i-; H tine blade, fi^fi^iJ^A, ©^i;^A ; a 
cunning blade. f|^. 1^i^i^\. mBM\^^^ 
blade, -;g^ ; a stout blade, ]^\l ; blade of grain, 

Blade, r.i!. To furnish with a blade, IgiJgJJl^. 

]51adebone, n. The .scapula, fj^. 

Bladed. pp. Having a blade, as a knife. ^''j^J]\H ; 
in mineralogy, composed of long and narrow 
plates, like the blade of a knife, \4].'^},^i. v%Mi 


Bladesmilh, n. A sword culler, i^Xllifillif'.'}': jj^l 

Blading. j»pr. Furnishing with a blade, IjI'j^JJ 


Blain. «. A pustule, yg, f^f^, i^, :fg. 
Blamable, a. Deserving censure, gg^, 'a'^; cul- 
]xible, ^p, -i^-^ : wrong, ^f^ : reprehensible, 

]>lamablpncs.s, n. Culpableness, pj"^^-, %%^.^. 

Blamably, adv. Culpalily, Pj"-^^^]. 

Blame, n. Censure, !1£, PA^-'pIW. nSM-MW: 
PiiJK' mM- WW:- mm ; iiiiilf • ^;S, p. PM- 
i§^- i^la, T^;g. #; vvrong-duing. ;f^$|i. ;ff 
P; worth of blame, ;f p. ^^- ■^. ^"f^; the 
blame is charged upon him, B^li'UlL PMr//5r 
iU- Pf4- Ih fill- tf ftfi : lie lays the blame on you 
wrongly, ^'|^f;l; ; to bring blame on one's self, 
tS1^ ; the blame charged to the jiroper one, ^ 
Wfelf ; pi'aise and blame, ^n* ; to clear one's 
self from l.ilame, |f^. 

Blame, v.t. To censure, ^-, JiJ, PiiJ^, =^1^, >g^i^. 

piijnis, IM- !i£M- mm^ wM- mm- um^'^ 

#, mm- mm- mW- IP a. :)£ a. si? : 'e ^dis- 
parage. i^'Ktfl: lo upljraid, i^. gf-, J^. g^;, ^ 
,1; to blame one's self, g^, 0)^, g?Ji, g 
!!£, Q i^, ^S p., ^ m t&, =l|tj- [^1 lijft: 1 "Hist 
blame you for it. g^frr>— Hi- JI^-k^('Jm JS 
ffr«— f§; niy conduct was blamed, #n||j^lc> # 
W^icP^fii:) f'x:gj; cannot (or ought not to) 
l.ilame him, l^jt'i':! fli ; <o blame one another, g 
'tQ#ft- 'fHM ; 'o blameanother withoutreason, 
lltisii^A, llf&^A; to praise and blame, 
l^^nf : to blame superiors, pf pj. ||!)il? ; who is to 
Blamed. 2'p. Censured, ^i^, |ji§. ^-^;§ ; to be 

blamed. i^Jf . 
Blameful. «'. Faulty, ^'p. frfUM- WJi-^i- 
Blameless, «. Without fault, top. i^PM- ^!?;Rl 


( 124 ) 


-m^'u 1^. -fKj n H m- fr >> ;§ ^; : ^'oi less, 

Blauicr. u. Olio wLo hlames, W^"- iPffc^". P? A 


1"^; eulpabl' 

soL'viii.ii; Lihiiiie, {(tf.-BT: ti^'^. 


Blaiiu'woi'tliy, a, 

Blamiiig, ppr. Ccnsnriiig, ^, |1ufi|;':i, pA 

paragiiig, Jf A, l%AMlM- 
Ulaiiioiossly, «(/i-. AVitliout liuill, *ftig, ^ni^, 

Blancard; «. A kind of linen ololli, manufactured 

in Normandy, jg;ftj. 
Blancii, 1-. (. To wliitou, \^,^-^;^^;io blaucliin 
the sun, J^Pjui ; to make wiiitc by peeling, as to 
blanch almonds, ;j;!j^fi:^, j1+^ '• lo blanch 
linon cloth, §^j!t5|^lj ; to avoid, as : do not blanch 
Canton on 3-our way, ;f PI■:^5lJ^'M• 
]!lancll, r.i. To evade, f,^, jW : liooks will speak 

when counselors blanch, A^S)ift»i^''s"- 
Blanched, p^p. AYhitencd, -^i^^, JMI|;il)i§. 
Blanchor, n. One who whitens, ^^'U'lillif^l- 
Blanchiua'. n. The act of whitening, j-'^^^, ^ 

Blanching liquor, n. j^j^^. 

Blanc-mange, Blanc-manger, n. In cookery, a pre- 
iwration of dissolved isinglass, milk, sugar, cin- 
namon, &C., {jt\fji^iff,. 

Bland, rt. Mild, soft, ffif^- fSfU, ?a;P^._i^ fA; 

bland words, ^^g". f,\\^, iafa;La^ tm^Mtfi- 

Blandiloquenco, n. Fair, tiatleriug speech, §^f.S, 

Blandish, c. t. To soften, to caress, fQ|l|,^|!^, f& 

?I, ¥M, Jl^.^g-fn'^iA- 
Blandisher, n. One who tiattors with S'lft words. 

Blandishing, ppr. Soothing with fair words, pQ 
m^ ^W; blandishing looks. %^^i(im- 

Blandishment, n. Soft words, nQifi' ^^ ! actions 
expressive of affections and tending to win the 

heart, j^§, (iQij^ji, mB±v^-mm- 

Blaudness, n. State of lieing blan<l, j'Sfu^". 

Blank, a. Empty, 'J^; white, ^, -^: a blank, g|J, ^-^/j-K; a blank book. igf,ij. ^; 
a blank account book, :/i^!;^. ^B- ^tUM, 
Hgi'iiji ; iho blank moon, [j j^: pale IVum tear or 
terror, ■Ifi,, -ffifft. i^JiJiTiJH : contused, Z-^l: 
a blank (while) card, ^ ili/f • ?^ 13 tt ; a red 
(Chinese) card, JSr^iWi. SifiE^i; ^ blank lease, 
tit^; fi blank deed, Igj^; the white part of 

a target, (j^ ; a blank verse, Z-^AiWif/.^, :^^/ij 
HM±l|f ; a blank falsehood, — i[:/c.7i-. — fttfA^ 
•g, a®^g; a blank cartridge, |lS$-f ^±'A 
||J:a^ ; point blank shot, — T^j^, jjif]-;!. zp 
^i:tj|il'a; blank lottery, ^liil. 
Blank, n. Any void sjiace, '^l^, JjMJiIi, gJtli. ^; 
a void space on paper, J^cJi^, '^^ ; a blank in 
a book, Jgjjlj:, ^£^^; leave a Ijlank between, t^ 

113 ?s. m-W; 'ii{-^m, m-mw-; ^ blank 

(a j.aper containing the sulislancc of a legal 
instrument, with spaces left to bo filled), ^, 


Blank, v.t. To annul, T^^fjX. fj*;^: to dispirit or 

confuse, nMti- ^j^A>6m. m>^>Mi 

Blank-verse, n. A kind of \ers(? in which then! is 

not rhyme, iBMmiLW- 
Blanket, n. A cover for a bed, made of wool, gg 

T'->hS|-M^' Wi'^ ; imported blanket, ^g|. 

"hWt^' ^' cow blanket, ^'^. 
Blanket, r.i. To cover with a blank(>t. ^l^§t-H\ 

mi, li^n, m:iii, ntma ; «'> '^ss in a 

blanket, liy way of punishment, ^^fj. 

Blanketing, n. Cloth for Idankols, jgiUS; im- 
ported blanketing. ^^gK|^. 

Blare, r. i. To roar, fj^ ; to melt awav, as a candle. 

Blaspheme, v. t. To speak of the Supremo Being 
in terms of impious irreverence. ^(^±.^1?, "gf 

m ± -fi?. S-^Ji-H?, S Pf Ji %■ % EXi. ; to 

speak irreverently of the idols, fu^']^'^-^; to 
speak irreverently of the sjiirits. fHji'l^J|ii|ilJ/J, %^ 
tf I'i'fili- ^fSfiii ; to blaspheme Budlia. |S|i|f^|i; 
to speak evil of, pf.^, mW, iiScfif- 
Blaspheme, v. i. To utter blasphemy, ^i^, ;^f|?, 
fS'Ift ; to arrogate the iirerogatives of Cod, fg 

Blasphemer, n. Une who lilasphemes, |^i^^, fj 

Blaspheming, ppr. Uttering reproachful words 

concerning Cod. Wnl 'Tjf- flL P BVi^- 
Blasphemous, a. gjfi^^. ^ifi%. -^^ 

Blasphemv, n. An indignity olfered to Cod by 

words, ssii ^■. ^fi?£,:fi-. SiS±*^-- g.i± 

'Ifii.tii', that wiiich derogates from the pre- 
rogatives of Cod. fgf^f ; iui]iious language, njl 

Illast, ». A sudden gust of wind. ?5^[!lil. — l!i!l®l,, 

made by blowing a wind instruuient, ^H^Tj^ 
^j^%)^M'' '^'kV lernicious influence upon 




auiinals or plants, ^^Ji^JM.m.ri\^^m.^ 
?^a^i yy^iaS; ^ suddeu compression ol air, 
attended witli a slioek caused by the discharge 
ol" cannon, jlfifljj, ; a violent explosion of gun- 
powder, PdClffiiB' M'M. i^^&:St- 
])last, c. t. To blight, as trees and plants, ^ii/pjlll', 
^ Ijjf) ^ , ^ f ,?,- ; to strilvo with soiue sudden 
plague, fi3.f,>ii!iM, ^ifSM^ ' '0 blast hopes, 

^m,^m,±9imm'i^m\ to wast, as a 

name, '^^l ; to Ijiast a design, M-'-^,\j\M4l. 

jix^, hiimi\j1] ; to coniouud, m$h iiSl' 

m'^l mi ; to blast rocks, j^^fii. 

Blast-lurnace, «. f§^i|^^. 

Blast-pipe, n. A pi]i(! m locomotive engines to 
convey waste steam up the chimney, iK^MyK 
3^^j ; a pipe to urge the lire, l!)iiK[si- 

Blasted, j)p. Ati'ecled by some cause that checks 
growth, ^jSijii]^, 'i)p]'^& ; split by an explo- 
sion of gunpowder, feji^j^. 

Blaster, n. He that blasts, ftv^^- ; that which 
blasts, ^'i)^^^ ; he that destroys, iji-jg. jljc 

Blasting, pjjy. AO'ecling liy a blast, ^ijpj^; ex- 
ploding by gunpowder, ji^s uj; ; blasting one's 
liopes, mAM- 

Blate, «. BashtuI, tSi^U- 

Blatter, v. i. To make a senseless noise, najf , ^ 

Blalterer, n. A noisy, blustering boaster, P[:|!jiU A- 
Blattering, n. Senseless blustering, PltPtlPfl. 
Blaze, n. A flame, jjj, ij^^^. >X'^, ^ ■^j, jX'^^, >X 

^, 'K\[£, m- "¥: !fc«i- m- m- ii. m- ^- fe;. m^ 

^ ; wide dihusion of report, m^'^M-^i^i^ 
j§-i m:^W& 'MMMt^Ji ' '^ ^^■'^1''-' 4"jt ^'^ the 
forehead or lace ol a horse, ^}^'^^ih ', '^ while 
spot made on trees by removing the bark 
■with a hatchet, ^tJlgli' ; ihe blaze of noon, 
KS' iiWil lit'ii^'-'i l!;j'"i'ifj ; agitation, ^fL; tumult, 

^it mm- 

Blaze, V. i. 'io flame, Uj. f^jj. ;t^ : to blaze up. 'X 

'^±, 'K'mX- tJ^k±-7h ih:imHi: tKm&^ 

llf .^; send tortli a bright light, f^jj, X').^, 
m±^±'il ^i ; to be conspicuous, iili/J, .lijU^j. 
Blaze, r. t. To make public far and wide. ^§||i[iy 

Blazed, jip- ova. Published far and wide. }f Jlii^ 

^ij ; marked with a ^vhite spot, ^^hIjJ. 
Blazer, ?(. One who laiblishes and spreads reports, 

Blazing, Flaming, ^, fj^, jv^Ji,. f^. j^. ^5, 
m^m^Kmi-yt; a Wazing lire, ii,>>/<, ;-l'% 

±!K, m^iiL'K, i%, ffi, !^, M, it ; publishing 
larand wide, MJliffl:^- 

Blazon, n. The act of drawing coats of arms, |:g 
il'liJtl^P, ItiilfPsii!! ; the act of explaining coals 
of arms, f% U ^] m:k.M-nm iiJ ^, M t^U s^ ; 
publication, -f^lli, jsJiJif ; pompous disjilay of 
one's merits, ^^t^M- Us'^Vi^^ ^iflisllff ; 
pompous display by recording one's merits on 
a banner, ^^li, J'jl^J'i4lt. Ii'i itJiff-S ; enibel- 
lishiuent, ^yiji^', l^iiiif. 

Blazon, v-t. To explain in proper terms the figures 
on ensigns armorial, U^VHsi^t-M.U^X?-]}^ 
i'g ; to deck, ■^£li, ^^piji, 'XH\ ; lo display, i^if] 
'\i\.§c; to blaze about. Mili^-fli^li : to display 
meritorious deeds, l'|i|>i J^Jji)/, ^ !lJ,|iil:fi Ji!/^, 

Blazoned, j'^*. Dcsrrilied in the manner of heralds, 

m^^^vk- »;R^i;iJ±i; ; published, ^ijj|i-§ ; 

displayed, m^'A- 
Blazoner, n. One who blazons, fi.'flc^Crp^g- fi'l'f^lJgl 

;>:;&^',ii$5triJ^S^-;'^ i"-'''a.d, mi'-&\ =^ 

propagator of scandal, gjIjA, |^jA;ii^^'. iisA 

Blazoning, pjjj-. Explaining, as heralds. ^H^jtl^P 
;^i;; publishing. rijH,^. JJJi^S ; embeliishmg. 

Blazonry, n. The art of descriliiiig or explaining 
coats of arms, ^mi^Cn-. S'fJ^l'iSS-S-.l^riJ^fe; 
the science ol coats ol anus, .f^li'l^'I^-i-- i;iJjJ^ 

Blea, n. The } art ol'a tree, \^hicli lies iiuuiedia'.ely 

under the bark, ^t^-- 
BleaLerrv. n. A Brilish plant and ils Ifuit, (^i^) 


Bleach, i-.i. To whiten. iSI- ii/lH-i^fiSf ; to bleach 
in the sun, jf^ii^], B®: lifpUM ; to bleach cotton, 
j^'fij. M'Wr. ; to bleach as while as snow, j^g^u 

Bleach, c. i. To grow while in any manner, §|^, 

II H- 
Bleach-tield, n. A lield where cloth or yarn is 

bleached, ^^j IB, -gnjiljil. 
Bleacher, n. Une win se occupation it is to whilen 

cloth, j^iTtJllilil'?/- 
Bleachery, n. A place for bleaching, j^flji^-. 
Bleaching, ppr. flaking while, ]^\;'^\ H ; bleach- 

ing-ground, jlflj" Jft. 
Bleaching, ?;. The act of whitening, i^g ti- 
Bleaching [lowder, n. A powder lor bleaching, 

consisting of chloride of lime, jjfip'lrj', ^W&i 


( 126 ) 


liluak, a. Pa'e, '{^ ^, ff ^, f^ ^. i g, ; open, 

mtf- «>ia, V{i, ^1^. muii- n^- r^; ]i • => 'j'«'ii^ 

liill, 5^ m ; to grow bleak, .^ ^ ; rough, stormy, 


Bleak, ». A small river fish, 'i^\7]<.)\^jf\^ 
Bleakly, adi. Coldly, ijjW. ' ^ 

Bleakness, n. JiJtH"^' ; exposure to the wind. '5-l3!.l 

*|; ; coldness, \^]%. 
Bleaky, a. Bleak, j;}j ^fKj : eohl, <^. %\%. 
Blear, a. Sore, wilh a watery rheum, as eyes, ^ 

Bleared, ^Jp. Dimmed liy a watery humour, BJIG'^^. 
Ble.ireyed, a. Having sore eyes,"}!!!: MRK, Pll, I 
');155DJiV:i ; having the eyes dim witli rheum, llJi 

Blearing, ppr. Dimming with a humoui'. JL^.PJii^ 

Bleat, v.i. To cry as a sheep, |i^', Pj^ ; to nuike 
the noise ef a sheep. {10^\^^'^. ■ lliesheeji l.i'eat, 
^p^, i^Pl?, ^10,. 

Bleat, ),. The cry of a sheej.. liiji^^. ^l!|,t -^'^^, 

Bleating, iipr. or a. Crying as a sheep, ^i^'}^^, 
Bleb, 7!. A little tumour, vesicle or blister, 7jCl^, 

Bled, i)rct. and pp. of hlced, wiiich see. 

Bleed, r. ('. ; pret. and [;p. Ucd. 'J'o lose blocd, \-^ [ 
ISLjUIjII ; lo h\iiii{\. blocd, "/jij^ ; to issue foJth, as j 
Hood, Irom an incision, \i\x\- fig HI '■ "ly -liGiirt 
bleeds, jlif^^'l^; to blc'-d tor anolher jerson | 
(pay another's defalcation), llj^jSl. I 

Bleeding, ppr. Bcsing blood, fjjcifi : let ling blood, ; 
ifjilL; losing sap or juice, Hii\% i\%l\ii\- ; 'jked- 
iug lancet, ■JjX^']]- 

])lceding, n. A running of blocd. j;fciL- l&L-!li^ 

Bleit, Blale, a. Bashful, t&il- 
Blemish, * n. Any scar or detect that diminishes 
beauty, fiij, .^lA', j^li' : a Haw, Jg. ?£ ; detorm- 

i(y, M, fE2J: t]»- ^'tl; il'*;ect, iij'^, 15 
tft- Xifi • 'I *^t'^''b Ji5'§' Jfii'^ ; dishonour or de- 
li'lement, -J^f., vi'f^, !^j?j ; an injury, f^, fft 
j;^ : to throw a blemish on one's reputation, }5' 
!^.{W^'M^; t "fi blemish in a fair gem, may 
Btili bo ground down, but ii b'cmish on one's 
reputation cannot be remedied," Hfli^Ji'i'fMj'n]' 
Ws^M^IL Jfi T> W ^^ 4 ; wit hout blemish , 

* See K.vodus, 12, 5; Dciiteronomy, ','2'Ji Leviticus, 21, 17, 
18, 21 & 23 i cliapt., 22, 2U, 21. 
t Mcilburst. 

lil'^- ^fl'jIEiitt ■• lii« conduct is without hV\a- 

Blemish, r. <. To mark with any deformity, ^^ ; 
to impair any thing which is well formed, i^- 
^ia^^Hir*" dclame, jifgAiilf^. 3fii^ 

Bleuiishrd. ^p. Injured by any mark of deformity, 
a§^i§: impaired. iS T- ?!S1H, ^M fg j^ ; 
soiled, Jfivijii, f^-§il ; stained, Ji^^^^, ;^J^ 


Blemishing, pj^;'. Marking with deformity, ^^ 

Blemishless, a. 'Without blemish, i^jj^tej:^, 4*^ 

Blench, c. i. To start back, ^f^, jg^, jg^, Pi 


Blench, r. d. To hinder, or obstruct, pJlfi, pji^, 
lii'ni!; to render iuelVectuab ^Sfil.i'j^te. 

Blenched, pp. Shrunk, |igi§f^. %m'ii- Pilfffii; 
rendered imd^'ectiial, -Oli M If, •/.!£-% • 

Blencher, n. That which frustrates, fflji^r, ffl^ 


Blenching. ;>^jr. Shrinking, |B^, jRJ^. 

Blend, r. t. (u- j. To mix or mingle together, ^|j|, 

i^^ii. M^. ^it. iaJii. ftk. «• fu^i fa 
£j, i'i^-]. li'.^^ m'^^ \%M }?i^- ^i^. 

SPJfU ; lo confoumL f^JJL, ^flaN ^oii- 5:5 ; <o 
pollute by mixture, feif^ ; lo corrupt, tifs® : ^o 
join in fricndshiii, ^^". ^^H^, ^-S^-IS ; to join 
in harmony, '^. if^; to blend ilie influences 
of nature. ^|i^, mfMM- %%^^ ■ to blend 
gentleness with .■severity, Sr[i^;^. 
Blende, n. An ore, the native sulphuret of zinc, 

Blended, jq'. Mi-xed. UMiilii. i«$ili§. jji^ii. M 
M, ^#; confounded by mixture. }f^|Li^ '• ^vait 
till they are blended together, f^'^Jt-fuM : s''" 
vcrity and liberalilv blended together, J^i^^ 

Blender, n. Une who mingles. ^-J.||^. f3?b^, 

Blending, 2U>>'- Wi^il^%% fuM; confounding by 
mixture, JfiSt- 

Blenny, n. ffi^g. 

Bless, V. t. ; pret. and pp. hlcs.'^cd. Wcf•■^ To confer 
happiness as God, |Si;, fSifK, |!,(i^>(iK. WjWi- JISSM- 
MiipRr SS- 'lil'- II- 'i'tlififflf'J; <" pi'i'ii'-imce a 
wish ol happiness to one, ffM- fi''^(. Wi},\"i, fjf 
Wu rp/iS- W\$ik- to make happy,- 1l\\W>. ^IW- 
to make happiy in a future life, {l|;7};ipM. fW;^ 




5t±.fe. ^J-^I^fS: to bless the bresid, n,ff ; 
to praise, |£|5f, '2^f^, |f ^; to count happy. 
^fM: they shall bless themselves in Him, ^ 
^i-lliilJ^Wi', to bless the good, jjiR^ ; to bless 
the good and curse the wicked. |b ^ f^ -Jf; ; to 
bless and thanlc the spirits, iUl|f#ipi|i: liloss me! 
WM; God blesses you. A:'f^}ii^yiiii;. 
Blcsse(2, pi^. Made happy, flWil^-^f^- Yf Ssfl^- 

^WM- m^^- ^/:is- frifM- JiIHt'J- ^^ m ; iu".v 

you be bli'sscd ! Ifflfr-.i^l^JJiira- Wli'i'^^r-t'ih ■ nui.V you 
be ble.'^sod with a prosperous journey ! -^JgfR 
^; may you ])e blessed and long-lived ! v^$S 
MM ; hlossed are the meek, fS^ffiiiS^ : to 
declare blessed. f|$g; e\tolled. M^%- 'Mm 


; God be lilessed ! ^s/jlJl''^; Hif^J 

are blessed for ever, iU^^'-M^tm '■ ^^' I'C bless- 
ed by heaven, ^%±fM, i;i^;J:fli. 'S^,t 
li*!' ^'g'P.pM : " t(i -o to the alMides ol' t\v^ bless- 

Blessedly, aJi:. In a fortunate manner. ^. 

lilessedness, n. Exalted cnjoyurent. |g. jjif: : eter- 
nal blessedness. ^ ig > fg. ^ i^ SM il ; the 
favour of God. _t^±y^,M : joy, ^.^. 

Blesser, n. ffiTfg^. .P.gjjiH^ : the blesser of man- 
kind, ftfs A ^■ 

Blessing, ppr. flaking happy. |Sf,fpg, {|§ ijs : 
wishing happiness to one, JRi.fif^^fs ; praising, 
Bt^; consecrating by ]irayer. jjijtfl- 

Blessing, «. Benediction. |)J,^-, fifi^', iii'iSK^-fiSJ, 
fl?, ifif-, fa: a prayer iuiploring liap})iuess ujion 
another. M\^'^M\ the ])lessings of God. J: 
^i.<S-ll • tlJc blessings of heaven. ^c^SS; 
the lilessings that come frojn h&^'en, §5cPir 
?J-;^1S : blessings come from heaven. fg||j% 
^ Jstt^?^l^ : the five blessingsv 3ilSS. (which 
are : — longevity, riches, healt&and content- 
ment, love of virtue, and a natural death, ^ 
ffi -^ ^ f& iT- fi ^ ^^ fnr ) ; se|ret blessings 
Ijestowed (secret meritorious acti(^s performed), 

itn, mm- J. 

Blest, a. jMade happy. f^ipM, ^IS- 

Ijletia hyaeinthina, n. ^,f!.]. 

Bletia taukervilli.T, k. t|IH?E- 

Blew, 2J)"ei. of Uoir. which see. 

Blicea, n. A small fish, )]^;f^^^. 

Blight, f M. A disease incident to plants, ^Jjg ; 
a disease incident to vegetables, ^, JL^RT^l^ 
^^ ^^?i^M ; want of grain and vegetables 

* lilessings are conferred liy the ruler of lieaven. 

t The insects that are said to occasion blight are the !^, 

occasioned by blight. i^^£ ; blight and famine, 

Blight. V. t. To afTect with blight, i^^'^,: to 
blast, §i<M^, ^m--^<^ frustrate, jg?;;;?. gli^. 
Blighted, pp. or a. Blasted, g|-§, l|;l^. 
Blind, a. Destitute of the si'nsc of seeing, ^|. ff. 

i3 nj{. m- m- W- %m- f?p : i''i"'i f'-'^'" '^^^ 

of eves, ffep : havinff no eves, fnfnfRf-^SnjjnS. 
nU^- I'lind "f-neeve'. 5'?.nji..l|J;.!lf-^n-K 
•JI--D-fili'>.K-[iBf|-- destitute of intellert- 
ual light, or spirituallv lilind. itUl;- i^HnBt- 
""^"uf- tn-'ti- [^gilR ; a biind girl (-sonffsiress). ]f 
i;^. rr* ; a blind man. iTa-fTffeM'fV^-fl^P 
A- Pf ^ : blind man's cakes, "jj ^fif : a blind 
man"s stick, Ig^ft- "rfffel"!*: one lilind man 
lending another. i^|;?iflj'lc- W^:^if0ft: though 
jihysically lilind. he has a clear mind. fYtJ^n 
l?il^T^#?Jlj<: blind to. SsBfc: born blind, pf; 
If 4liil)lf \VMWf.f\: b'ind attachment, f/g 
^■- fim- fi'^'- fli'^T^nj : ^ W'lifl statesman, 
HK^ : iioojile in love are lilind. f^, rfiUjiIlK- A^ 
^V^TrM • a blind wall. *E^;;>i[4} ; an asylum 
for lilind people, fYf^K- 
Blind, v.t. To make blind. ^^^%W<-f(^W<-^\ 
rfHR • to darken, \ffi3f; : to darken tl'.e under- 
standing. #ji A/i:>.' miK)l^. 1« A, liiSA 

Blind, n. ^^M'^^^'- I'^niboo blind, f'j-^ : 
Venetian blind. 4^'w?iltv fSl^^PI- 'f^k^ : 
a screen. Wf-M.'- "pen the Venetian blinds. Rf]^ 
W^^: '•'t down the blinds, y^.%^: a 
blind for a sedan chair, f^ifli-lfj^: a cover for 
the eye. Ijig. 

Blinded. />/). orrr Deprived of sight, ff. ^BJ]. 5I 
BJ]: blinded by gain. fiJ^M?-^. ^fiJ^T mj^, 
?^#^^fiJ- ^mmM ■■ hlinded by dust, n* : de- 
prived of iulelle-tiial di.scernmeut. •^. ^tl^. 

Blindfold, n. Having the e^-es covered, MW<^%-'^Ti 
[3 n'i- ^ffift^ • having the mental eyes dark- 
ened. il>]'ii^^.^^l^\ io go on liHndfoid, fi,-^, 

Blindfnjd, V. f. To cover the eyes, ij/^g. ^%W^. -^ 
ftSL^n^. tf-f±MnR: to lead one blindfold, [g 

Blindfolded, pp. ^.f?il|c: to go to work as if 

blindf'ilded, |/i)] "^ J: n^ : the understanding 

blindfolded, gslt A;ii'- 
Blinding, ppr. or a. Depriving of sight. fH Atfi 

ftg- A : obscuring, -^g AP^S^- 1 A '?f fJ^- 
Biindlv. ,t,lr. AVithout understanding, fa^.f^ 

P*. mWM^^ ^^m- H^.. rafJ!^ r rashly, ^ 




.a.- m^- ^s.MfT- iff mit*- 

Blinrlmnn's Imff. n. A play, in wliirh one porsnn 
is Ijlinrlfnlflrd find liiints ont Hip rost of ilie 

Blinrlnpss. v. "Want of Imdily siniit. ff. "TfnJI- f| 
|HJ : elosod eyos, 5i|^FiK- : Mimlnos': of lipart, ^ 
D^-- n^alc-^SiSI^: now yoi;r niinil is lionis'litofl. 
"^'f-'^i^^'b^A- iiislit li'.indnoss. ^MWk'- 
day 1)lindi,('ss. jaHHR. 

Blinds, i?. pj. A defense made of osiers or lii-aneli- 
os inierwoven. to slielter and ooneeal Hie work- 
men. gKf? : Venetian lilinds. ^'^^f^t'.- ''^e'' 

Blindside. n. The side wliieli is most easily as- 

sailed. J^t;^€^ 
Blind-vessel, n. Willi eliemisis. a vessel with an 

npenino- on one side onlv. !qi P ',5i¥. 
Blink, v.f. To avoid, f/fi. -T,*. 
Blink, r. ;. To wink at-'^f^H. #^T^^- ^1f- 

7^-^m P,. m nii T> P : 'f ^'^f' ^'ifii •'^■'^s li'ilf 

sinit. M#.«jnii!^nfi- mmm- mm- im- to 

twiiik'e with the eye. nlf^'pll,'!!]'-. \t\ZW<- M^^'!^W<- 

Blink. 1). A li'iiiiipse or g'anr-e. |1|[-, — ff. 
Blink, V. Blink of ice, the dazzling' whiteness 
aliont Hie liorizon, oeeasioned liy the reflection 
of lia-ht from fields of ice at soa', Y/M".i%-^'k^, 

Blinkard, v. A porson who lilinks, nli'flfJ-^. niynR? 
mm-, (hat whicji twinkles, \n'Jt±'\k- l'^^ 

Blinkei's. ■». pi. Blinds on a horse's hrid'e to cover 
his eyes on (he side. W-M- 

Blinking, ppr. and n. Winking, ^'f:^^!!, ^^^'i^ ; 
twinkling, p^'fljl: avoiding. JEf, ^. 

Bliss,* 17. The liighest degi-eo of liappiness, ffi.ijiM 
M-- fSa5 : 'if^i venly bliss, ^.'-i Sg : eternal liliss, 
:^fa- ^V,\^%f- fivery kind of Idiss. ^^g. "g" 
fM ; joy, i^ ; to Ije in a slate of liliss, 2jlfK ; to 
enjoy eternal, '^^iJM.iLt^'' exuberance of 
bliss, f^p. 

Bli.ssful, a. Full of felicity, /|^fg. ~^J^;^. J^^ijiK- fl^'- 

irufr'j- ISW- ?Ss: 

I'ilissfully, r^r/r. In 
Blissfulness, n. Exa 

Bliss'ess. a. Destitute of bliss 

fulness of joy, \^i-f^. 
ilissful manner. fSffft- 
'd hajipinoss. ff^, iji/J-g-. 

Mfs- Wws- 

* "c^iffi IMM ^"'1 similar expressions are merely lncl;y 
omens or iiiJic.atioiis of a prospering desliny. 

Blister, n. A thin bladder on the skin, contain- 
ing serum. 7%-i^. 7]<ljg, •;^. 5|g, %% ^ ft.|g, 
H^-f^, J[lt4feW€6^'?S : blisters nndorneath the 
fret, lid i.5-?g, fin /.rij^: blisters on the feet, gjt|l 
^' ^iij'?0iKf • '"^ (nmour made by the separation 
nf Hie skin, ^-Isl; Idisfers or pustules, ^-f^^ih 
VS' fSff: ^ vesicatory, a blister of Spanish 
flies or other matter applied to raise a vesicle, 
JlSfS?!^'- blister plaster of S)ianish flies, Jj£ 
^' i|'ii>wl^ '■ (" I'Ji'se a blister, jljifg : to apply a 
blister plaster. tlfS W^-Bi-ftlSfwH-^T^J^. 
Blisler, v. i. To rise in blisters, iljlvg. ^7jC?S, 
Bli.sler, i-. t. To raise a blister, ^vg, 45g, )1fij5@, 

Blister-fly, n. The Spanish flv. iil^. 
Blister-piaster. «. jtttvQ|S^; jJH*^^. [-^pg^. 

]5listere.d, pp. Having blisters, ^-z^. jlgigftg. ^^ 
Blisiering, ppr. Eaisinga blister, jl]lf(ij : applying 

a Idistering plaster, fWiSl^fi'll. 
Blistery. a. Full of blisters. JSJlijlii-;^, JSl^itSra, 

Bii(e,n. i:^(?), 

lilifhe, r,. (tay. merry, tfifS- t^.i5i. 1^^^. 3AM*- 1 
■011 «&• -&^- 

Blitheful. a.'FuII of gayety, iftfefg- 

Blitheness, 7?,. Gayely, '(^f§^-. 

Blithesome, a, ilerry, fifefg, 1*^- 

Blithesomeness, n. Gayely. I^IS^^', ^|^^. 

Bloat. V. t. To swell, Jf . )]J^,, jljl ijf : to pulf up, f^ 
M, n^;::^ : (" piift" one's self up. gf§. g:fc, (^ 
5#:^- @l:fi:; (0 swell with water, P^ljfi. (jff 
7K ; to dry by smoke, i^j;. fu/jtiglf/,. 

Bloat, n. Swelled, gf. 

Bloaled. p/). or «. Swelled, ff. ITfitl?- M)t!53}C. W< 
ii- rg^U?, •#!-: inflated. PfcUlc.ti^'IJJ.;}! ; inllat- 
ed or bloated wilh pride. W-J<i. Fi.(]^, U&— 
•liJJ. nii-i§[?lj@. 0"t>HA; n.Bil^ : =1 bloaled face, 

Bloaledness. n. A turgid slate, ff g. M^- 

Bloater, «. A dried herring. T^^f^[tt- 

Bloatine-. ppr. Swelling. M-'^: inllaling, rij^gj^, 

Blobber, n. A bubble, TKrQ^ *fC- *V>li- V*' JS^- 

]i!obber-lip, », A thick lip. p,il^. ±UB- 

Blobber-lijiped, a. Having Hii(d< lips, i^#fi^, ^ 

Block, n. A heavy block of tiraler, :}^:\<5f[: a 
lihud; of wood irrespecHvp of size, pjcyfi, ^ p^, 

^2- m- m- ^<m- ^^M rm- ti.e block on 

which ci'imiuals are beheadeil. i]irff]">^\:i)n, i|Uf 
WiA<^{i- ^ hlut''^ for printing, ?jv:fg. FfJfS: '^ 
bloL-k (continuous row) of buildings, — ffM' — ' 


( 129 ) 


fiUM ; '1 b'Ock of stone, ^^^Jglf. :k^M'^ ^ 
block Tor elioppinff moat on, [^5|5, }]6'^S ! 'i bat- 
tor's Ijlodc. ipHi!!. ipii^'J-: any Mock for lieating 
on. :^<f^. )f^. ||, p,. t-,^, )ff : tlio stump of a tree, 
1-iiJMfn-iili : a hindrancp. H -/f ; a stunibling- 

Block, r. f. To stop up, mi±- UM- MM- g'*-- 
HB. ^. if ; to block up tlie road, 'Mfi-l^^B 

Block-liouso. n. pjvcMt TJ^^M- Tt-M- 

Block-like, «. Stupid, ^,S.- M^iB- Igfifi- flSi- M 
Block-printing, n. A mode of printing from en- 
graved wooden blocks, fgF[], JII/j^cf^SFUfl^- 
Block-fin. n. Pure and unwrought tin, as it comes 

from the foundry. 5f^, i^^%- 
Blockade, n. The sbntting up of a place, by sur- 
rounding it witli liostile troops or ships, ^f^. 

Blockade, r. t. To shut up a place l\v troops or 
ships, ^m ; to blockade a town, ^ij^. ^ii,Z^ 
3^ ; to blockade a river, $i^ ; to lilockade a 
seaport, il^J^n. 

Blockaded, pp. Shut up. JJJ^ ; surrounded, gfj, 

Blockadinii'. ppr. Besieiiing by a blockade, f-|.g 

Blockhead, n. A stupid fellow. :^<TjE. /{vcfi^ A- ^< 

Blockheaded, a. Stupid, ^^^ lllf- 
Blockheadly, a. Like a blockhead, fel^>c. g^R. 
Blockish, a. M^fll- iSS- M- ll'.-Si" ^■■ 
B.lockishness, n. Stupiditv, lit'l^. /|.||. |f^|^, fj 

Blonde. «. A person of a very fair complexion with 
liaht hair and light blue eves. ||A. IP ^M^ 

Blond-lace. n. ^^%. 

Blood, 9). iSl, :g: V'lood and breath, jji^. ^ff ; 
man's l)lood is his gloj-y, and his breath his 
protection; if their circulation is impeded, the 
viscera do not act, A^lXM-^^UHU^i'l H 
I'll ^ H' II nil /P5S '■ blood is divided into red 
and white, warm and coM, jJlffifl^^^;^S'J; 
kindred. nkMl—m±.n- l^k±,'A- i¥i^; 
kinsmen of the whole liloud. p] j{}|^fi(j. f^ ^< 
fgf; kinsmen of half blood, ^'jcm^. ^^^ 
^ ; blood vessels, iiM^, |lll : caiiillarv blood 
ves.sels. UUk.^^- ; arterial blood. mM^. m 
mt'k-^£t.-, venous blood, tl^ JHL- It iSl ; 
circulation of the blood, ^;>51'$- jfil-tJ51jS; 
blood settled in a bruise, 5£ ^, l/Jj jJq. ; coagu- 

lated blood, ^jSl; to let blood. 1'Jl^. gijja. ; to 
stop the blood, ib jfil "■ of imperial lilood. =^- M^- 

mm- xm- jf:^. M^^- tr^- fjpj^- ^ii^ 

?;S: of royal blood. ^ ^, I ^, I ^. ZE ^; 

those of imperial Idood in the direct line from 
Hientsu Siuen hwang ti belong to the ^^ and 
wear yellow girdles; those descend(>d from his 
uncles and lu'others lielong to the Ghioro t^Jp) 
branch and wear a red trirdle, pfJijillTf ^7{i]£ 

^ ; in-inecs of im]ierial lilood. ^^p. ^'or-? ; of imperial blood. ^ j^ : of honourafile 
birth, '^■^. ST-^. n^- Wk ; to breed ill 
blood. ^1fiS^- ■^fi'M ■ ii'V I'l'-'O'l was up. ^ 
fli;-i^. ?Sfii¥;M : cold biood. iHQS^, fflf, ; 
hot blood or temper. >X'\i- Mf4- fi^tt ^ '"'in's 
life is in liis lilood. A±.^^^jfiLP'3 • ^^ shed 
blood, fjfc A;^jfil: ISA : I'' ^I'C'd one's own blood 
for some good cause, i%%. ^^ S^^jfi. • ^lif- .i"'ce 
of any thing, fj-; the blood of the grape. ^|g 
"?;^"?f ; to weep blood, f^jSl; a letter written 
in blood (at the last extremity), ^^ ; blood 
and matter, 1^^. 

Blood, r. t. To bleed, tJlfil- 

Blood-baptism, n. ^^^vi. '■ a name given to the 
martyrdom of those who had not been baptized, 

Blood-bespotfed, a. Spotted with blood. i^Mh% 

Blood-brother, n. Brotlier by blood from the same 

parents. ^^. j]^>Z. 
Blood-coloured. «. Having the colour of lilood, ^ 

Blood-consuming, a. AVasting the lilood, ?^^. 
B'ood-drunk, a. Drunk Avith blood. ^]^- 
Blocd-dyed, a. Dyed with blood, jgl^. jfej^Ifil- 
IMood-tlower, n. Hcemanthus, ^H-^^- 
Blood-guiltiness, n. The guilt or crime of shedding 

blood, ^K^m- mn^^^- 

Blood-guilty, a. (iuilty of murder. 5ii^- 

Blood-hot. rt. Warm as Ijlood in its natural tem- 
perature, Mk±J(;k- isikiM- M<W- 

Blood-hound, u. M^^^ ! ^ person who thirsts 
for blood, !a^.' 

Blood-let, v.t. To bleed, l^j^L- 

Blood-letter, n. A phlebotomist, J^^jSL"^, J^jfiL^'If- 

Blood-letting, n. 1^^. 

Blocd-markc-d, a. :Marked with blood, ^^;IM- W 

See m'Mkm^*:- 




Blood-ml. a. I'ed as blootl, ^^-X. ^njJl^^I. 
Bloodshed, n. The shedding of Ijlood, {5ic AjSl^ 'S 

j81; slang-hfcr, ;A;^. 
Blood shedder, n. One who sheds blood, 5?ii^. 
Bloodslicddina'. ?i. The crime of shedding Wood, 

Bloodshot, a. lied and inflamed by a turgid state 
of the lilood-vessels, Ol^- '/'lirjSl : Ijlood-shot eyes, 

Blood-sized, n. Smeared with blood, ^^fi^. 

Blood-spilling, a. Shedding blood, -^jSl. 

Blood-spitter, n. One who spits blood, Hf J^^. 

Blood-shxined, a. Stained witli blood, jSl ^ 6j| ; 
guilty of murder. JJiJ^. 

Blood-stone, n. jjl^. 

Blood-sueker, u. Any animal that sucks blood. 
t^lfiLlf ; a leech, 4^. ^JcJ'J-. mM- UlS ; tli'^ 
horse l.ilood-sucker, ,^gl|!^: a cruel man. ^jj, 
P^A- Ki^ilA- Ml -1:' Mil?; a murderer, l^ 

Blood-swelled, «. Swelled with blood, ^Sffi^. 

Blood-thirstiness. «. Tliirst for sheddino' blood, 

Blood-thirstv. a. Desirous to shed blood. ^y|J. 'f 

IJA. nm^A. 

Blood-vessel, n. Inil=, jSllffi- fill- ^M- Mk^'- 
Blood- warm, r(. Warm as blond, ^ff ^0^ ; luke- 
warm, fg. fS ft. 
Blood-wite, n. In ancient law. a fine paid as a 
composition for the shedding of blood. ^£-fl|g. 

Blood-wood, n. Log-wood. ^:^^. 

Bloodily, adv. Cruelly, M^-fl'^- ]UW- 

Bloodiness, n. The state of beir.g bloody. fiSJ^jJi; 
disposition to shed blood, Bg^S- i^li^-- 

Bloodless, a. Without blood, ^^. ^^tl^ ; dead. 
5ET ; without shedding of l)lo(id. y^i^si- 7^ 
^jI. ; without spirit or activity, ggg, §^,^^, 

Bloodlessly, adv. AVithout liloodshed. 

Bloody, a. Stained with blood, IfejJ].. jSLJi^n'j- jSl 
^m-, cruel. 51,^.. 1,11 fi, 5Jl^. IftjJ : a ),loody 
h^ittle, jSip, ^^5: a bloody fellow. 5{l^.; a 
bloody alfair. ia#P|;E^, ifili Pft" I? ; body all 
bloody, Ji^^iSi. 

Bloody-eyed, a. Having cruel eyes. MlflJifl^- UEUR 


Bloody-faced, a. Having a blood v face or a])|iear- 

aiHo. iriir, ^,^. ' ■ [rjpj. 

Bloody-Hux, h. The dysentery, ^ffi. ^^. j5l}>2, 

Bloodv-niinded. «. Having a ferocious disposition, 
5{l'i4(li MiiJ' UZM- inclined to shed blood. 

Bloody-red, a. Having tlie colour of blood, j^ifl. 

Bloody-sweat, n. A sweat, accompanied liy the 
discharge of blood, ffjSL^ ; tlie sweating sick- 
ness, ff ^. 

Bloodying, pp''- Staining with lilood. ^jjl- 

Bloom, n. A lilossom. '^ : the opening of flowers 
in gmeral. :i^^m^- it:±t ^/ ^±^« : 
the ))l(iom of vouth. >}/if^^-^\^-: the bloom of 
lif'^ l^if- ^Uii^- t^:g±n.^; tlio bluo 
colour upon plums and grapes when newlv gath- 
ered, Ml'i.m- 

Bloom, v.{. To yield blossoms, ^.1^. ■^^^. ||:fg ; 
to be in the opening of the bud. ^tif,i}f). Hil^- 
nf ^W- fWv^. ^£i|e^U3 ; lo );e in full blossom, 

^£ ^1 5ij 5f . rem m mm-i^^ m ■• <o i^e in a 

state of healthful, growing youth and vigour, 

Blooming, ppr. or a. Opening in blos.soms, ^i^, 
M^- m^, ^f^m- ^±0- flowering, ^, ^4^; 
blooming in liealth, ^ij^. 'p!,\i : showing the 
freshness of youth. 5^^; ornamented wilh flnw- 
f'l's- |l±?il#fE ; blooming and gay. IT^IISIS. 

Bloomingly, adv. In a blooming manner, -i^^,, 

Bloomj', a. Flowery, |fe6^.=(|t-P^ : flourishing with 
the vigour of youth, :^j^. m^. '^^ ; bloomy 
beauties, >>li:^. ^MW^^^^- 'PUC- 

Blossom, 11. The flower of a plant, ;J£, -^. gg, ^ ; 
the blossom of trees, ::^^^ ; the blossom of grass- 
es^ ^'^; aliis ! some blades spring, but do 
not blossom ; some blossom, but do not ])ear 

stamina of a blos.-^oui. :^^^.: blossoms falling 
o«- '-i^'iM-^Ul l^fGP. Wit ■■ hlossoms every 
where, MMi^i^^it- rS^^?2 : "''"^ hlossoms, 
iSdt: '1"' blossom opening, ff,, g^^. 

Bloss(uu, r.K To bloom, ^f^. Ijji:^. ^?g. ni:f^, 
i-VVet ; to flourish and lucspcr, ^^. ;j^§g, §i 
^f|; flowers blossom and fall off, and nojjody 
sees it ; i. e., a man prospers and perishes un- 
observed by the world. mnlti'^^A^- 

Blossoming, ppr. Putting forth flowers. Bf]:?^. 

Blot, r.t. To spot with ink. g,^. ^TiS- SA?5- SIJ^. 

mnw^yK- mi^BjK- nkihm-' <'- '''<^t "»♦' 

toobliterafe. f^.^. S^SJlJ, K^.±, ^ ; toerase. ,?ij 
i-lllllJi-lllllJiW : to olditerafe and correct, lll|ljil5:, 
^i^! ^M ; t'J obliterate and add a new charac- 




ler, '{^i^, ^2*; 'o cancel, ^^; lo disgrace, 
}§§ ; blot out all mine iniquities. ^J^^ffi ; 
lo blot a man's reputation, }5§i§^- 

Blot, 71. A spot or slain on paper, S^'jl. ,^S|5 ; a 
spot in repulalion, jij^. $,^ , ^'^li^^ ; a dis- 
grace, J5§ ; a blemish, ^^1^. 

Blok-h, 71. A puslule upon (he skin. f,i. ^,^|S 
{F, >]^TSi■ mW ; v.-im' blok-hes. gf^. m'£ m]> 

Bluleh, v.t. Tu bhieken, ^.^, l^j^, ?^M. 
Blole, r. t To dry and smoke, '^/^i, ffj;. 
]31oled, pp. Smoked and dried. iS:,"^.^^. ||^i§. 
Blotted, pp. Stained. I|!jf:5i^ : erased, ^iki^- 
Bloller, 7i. A waste book. ~i^_^i. mtMi^)- H IE 
^fipl) ; i^ book consisting of blotliiig paper, j^ 
fi^. IS.^(V)^■•M?JC^'•ii?• 
Blolling, ppc. spoiling wilh ink. ^J^- .?i'jf^ - 
blotting out. WM-W^- staining. ^f^Tblut- 
liiig paper. S^KrJt- 
Blollingly, adv. By blotting, Ijliiitl. 
Blouse, Blowse, n. A light, loose garment, re- 
sembling a frock-coat, ^^. 
Blow, n. The act of slrikin^'. jji^ ; a lilow wilh 

the fist, -^^, -^^i^^. n-m- m^-u; 

a blow wilh the flat hand, — ^. —\^, — ^ : 
a blow of the bamboo, — fg, — ^jj. —j^ ; three 
blows of the bamboo will break the skin, ^fg 
i7m)k ■ give him lliirty blows, |iH + , ^JH 
■f ; give him (me blow. ^J— trp ; lo e.vchange 
blows. ^^. ^^^I'lj. V5:^4n^T ; f™"'^ ^™rds 
it caiiie lo lilows. ^!,%^^J: lo come to blows, 

"(ifi^mn- Wi^mi ; <'"' i-'<'^i i^'ow, fft : uie 

head was cut olf at a single blow, —'JT^fiBU- 

— ;j3^ix ; fi I'^itai blow. — ^TJifiir- -I'T^^Tii- 

~'5feQiliii; to break a blow, i^l^ : a severe 

blow. nm^±m- ^miL^- i«^±?;s; be 

gave him a severe blow, ^TJ^^Uf] : at a li'.ow, 
Sll.^ %f^,\ a sudden calamity. i;i|#i,,\B : be 
gained Ihe virtory liv a single blow. — flcjlijllj?; 

a fly-blow, HM-^MIA'- 

Blow, V. i. ; pret. blew : pp. blown. To make a cur- 
rent of air. PJc, H. HA- .3^. (iJcli. PjfW. ic. ^. liit, 
1%; lo blow gently, |^PJc- t%%^.- 'I^lfir.- miSilj 
MJf ; to breathe, i-\^ : lo blow as the wind, g^ 
Pi: ; lo blow a gale of wind. ^tMI5- #T M©.' 
MUf^-^TiM ; it blows, rmi^ ■■ to blow over. 
li^iPi : to pass away without ellect. P^ii^Sig 
il-- Hii^- iMJ ■• l'> blow u]i. as gunpowder, 'Jg- 
^:lo blossom. t5a:fg. 

Blow, r. «. To drive by a current of air. Uj^: to 
blow the flute, P^^", pjij^, P^j^; to blow the 

surapitan, 5Jiji^ ; to blow the trumpet, Pjij^l^; 
to blow the horn, P^;^ ; to blow the alarm. ^ 
ilA- PirSfl:^, Pf:M- to deposit eggs, as flies, 
TM'J'^M ' to term bubbles by blowing. P^jQ ; 
to blow the nose, ;f^.^. gfJ^. '^ ^fij^,. ^^^ ■ |o 
blow out the candle, PJ;MM'^- ^IkMfM ^X 
M-AR'K- to blow out the lamp, ,%l^ : to blow 
glass, I'X^i^t; lo blow away, P^^. Pjf-jJi ; to 
blow down, Pj^^ ; lo blow ofl', (^j'l^ ; lo blow 
off a ship, fj^ji^^: to blow a bladder, P^)]j5 
jJ'DJ}^: to blow the tiro. fiJi^X- m-U-^ to bl.)W 
up or into the air. P^jg, -^ ■ to lilow up flesh, 
"Jtii i^. M ; to puff and blow, l!i^pJl<Pji:P^(2j() ; lo 
liurst. ft'!:-{|i ; to blow one's fingers, vk^. 
Blow, n. A blossom, ;f{i : a gale of wind, J^M.- 
Blower, n. One who blows, Pj^^ : a fender or plate 
of iron used to increase the draft of a chimney, 
iiWi ; an organ blower, ^^^. 
Blowing, p2?v. Slaking a current of air, P^ ; breath- 
ing quick. 1^^ : inflating, P^flg : impelling by 
wind. P^-^ : soundini;- a wind instrument, P^ 


Blowing, n. The act of blowing. P^^-. 

Blown, pp. Blown by the wind, ^j'§ : inflated, 
PJrfliiiS : inflated as a blossom, ggi^lj'.g ; to be 
blown about by the wind. jg|; blown over the 
seas, .|Sf4^". ISJj;^ ; what wind has blown you 
hero to-day V ^ g -ii^B^PkiPmL- ^ B ^M 

Blowpipe, „. Pj:>xp.. njrff, ^p^. 

Blowse, H. A light loose garmenl. ^^^. 
Blowvalve. n. Pif^piJ. 

B!owze. „. A ruddv. fat-faced woman. |OiS^^. ffl 

Blowzy, a. Buddy-faced, ^lM(\^^UWM^¥U^m- 

Blubber, n. The fat of whales nud other large 
animals, .ffiji-jjli: a sea -blublier, the medusa, 7^ 
#■ J©St- V§i'E : the dried skin of the blubber 
fish, tg^. 

Blublier, v.i. To weep in such a manner as to 
swell the cheeks, S^MWl- UMM^ ±"^, ^51- 

Blubbered, 2'P- Swelled. Uf . D|Pgf. Jif •§. 

Bludgeon, n. A short stick with one end loaded, 
or thicker and heavier than the other and used 
as an ofi'ensive weapon, ^^ft—^Wi'i^^'X^ 

Blue, a. 1^ : light azure blue, 3E^, i^fg ; light 
blue, ^^; azure blue, %^ ; sky blue, ^ 

* The latter chai-acter, though often used even by teach- 
ers, does not convey the meaning intended ; hence should 
not be used. 


( 132 ) 


^ ; pure blue. ZL^ ', cleep blue, t^W 5 Pi'ussian 
blue, J:^'|f . v^T^ ; ultra marine. ff,fl^ ; snialty 
(smalts or smalt) Ijlue, #,11^,1^- ; flark blue, gg 
^•, blue black. -Jgif ; eeruleau blue, ^fif; ; a 
blue indigo colour, ^g, ; foreign blue, v^ J^ ; 
a plant used to dye blue, Isatis, '^'^ ; the in- 
digo dye made from the Isatis, f^^; a green- 
ish blue, fl^^; blue iackels, 7jiC^ifl, y]<.^; ii 
blue ribband. ^^, -^ ; blue l>ell, ffjiffi^E : 
the blues (a contraction for blue devils), low- 
ness of spirits, melancholy, ^ig$ ; a blue day, 
(^'H). MMWB ; to look bhie upon one, flifi A 

Blue, V. t. To make blue, f^'^, J: JS ; to dye blue. 

Blue-book, n. A book statedly published, giving 
the names of all who hold offices under the Unit- 
ed States, (ffi^li) mW^m- MWM; ill 
England, the printed slatepapers, ))Ound in Ijlue 
covers, {^±-^m)^^m^ m^^ ^XnB- 

Bluecap, n. Afishof the salmon kind, ffijPiXfl®- 

Blue-eyed, a. Ha\iug lilue eyes, fi^Mi fi\^^% 

Blue-haired, a. Having hair of a Ijlue colour. ^ 

Blue-light, 11. A blue signal light, ||^> 'H'M- 
Bluepeter (blue repeater), n. In the British ma- 
rine, a ))lue flag with a wliite centre used as a 
signal for sailing, glj^tfi- iifTSt- 
Blue-stocking, n. A term a|iplied lo literary ladies, 

Bluethroat, n. A bird with a tawny breast. '^:g . 
Blue-veined, n. Having Ijlue veins or streaks, '^i 

mm- m^m- mmm- 

Blue vitriol, n. Sulphate of copper. Jjn^^', '^l^. 
Blueness, n. The qualify of being jilue, ^^- ; a 

blue colour, jflj^. ^^. 
Bluff", n. A high bank, jiresenlinii- a sleep front. 

Blutf, a. Kough and surlv, gf ft, fM:|^ flif^q, Yg 

H: :^#J' mi ; -i I'luif man, iHJf A- 
, Bluft'-bowcd, a. Having liroad and flat bows, fifi 

Blufl'ness. n. Bloafedness, Bf. gijJJ'; surliness. 0^ 

Bluffy, «. Having bluff's, ipM'i, HHWU- 
Bluish, a. Blue in a small degree, f^g^, ^'}?'^- 

Bluislmess. n. A small decree of blue colour. ^ 

Blunder, v. i. To mistake grosslv, •]^, fg, ;^p, 

>^f9^ ^f§, fpM?^, mm, '\m, f^% ^% " 

Blunder, n. Mistake, '\^, fg, f^-"^; he has made 

a blunder, f^'K^. ■fEftilP ; to make a ))lunder, 

W'K, W^hS W^. ^'K- Wl- 
Blunderbuss, ii. A short gun capa1)!e of holding a 

large number of balls, 'i;P^|t. .^|^, ^|t ; 

a stupid, blundering fellow, fSlff.^-, }^"Si^, 

Blunderer, n. One who is apt to blunder, \^l^^^ 
A, jLiLffitlEfPi;; a careless man, $1^^, M 

fmA' i^md^A- mA- 

Blunderlicad, n. A stupid fellow, ElMJ'UA^ fM^? 

Blundering, ijpr. or a. Mistaking grossly, fjln, 

S^fi^; he is always blundering, 'fg'J^gtfTi 

Blunderingly, adv. In a blundering manner, fgj 

Blunt, rt. Having a thick edge. ii|. |^. ;f;f!j : dull 
in understanding, ^J(JT, .f-M- IS^it 51M: ^il 
41/' iS'.M' itiSt' ^- ^J!J;fc : wanting the forms 
of civility, la, |1L#. fia^ir^j. ^^jjili^. tt#, ffl 
#f' i^Lrf^- IS ■' l'''i'»' it'^f® : '"ude but honest, J 
J[£, ^M^^ /y:^h, iKtHf, H#; Wunt, straight- 
forward advice, ^f , ^f g^, ^|'^. 

Blunt, V. t. To dull the edge or point, ^$^. 

Bluut-witted, a. Dull, ii]i, ]§i-5i ; to repress car- 
nal desires, ^%^., Jjg%^:, §1%^. 

Blunted, 2'^. or a. Made blunt, ^^i^lili ; repressed, 

Blunting, pp;-. Making dull, ^|i|f ; repressing, )^. 
Bluntly, a(^y. In a coarse manner, |Q.'^i!l{}f^. 
Bluntness, n. AVant of edge, i^^ ; coarseness of 
address, fQ./^^ ; rude sincerity or plainness, :fj» 

Blur, n. A dark spot, M,!^, 0jf}i ; a stain, j^lij; 
a stain on one's reputation, f^Sp. 

Blur, r. t. To obscure by a dark spot, '^M,, ^J|, 
^J^Iiir ; to blur in printing. ,^.^giri" flj*|!? 
^ ; to cover with disgrace, j^Sj, 3[^;§, ;^§. 

Blurred, pp. Darkened, ^j^.^, agiiH, ;^|a ; 
stained, 5^1 j^. 

Blurring, ^^pr. Darkening, ^^.^.m '> staining, 

Blurt, V. i. To utter hastily, ^tlS ; to ulfer inad- 
vertently, '{ii\% $f^, :T'Slii)l3: ilont blurt. 

Blurting, jipr. Uttering hastil}% i^'s, fS's*- 
Blush, r. ('. To redden in the cheeksor face. ^^iC, 

IE. fi^i- iMiir;^. ffiui- ejce,- ci§; to 

i-edden from a sense of shame. '^'^. I'j^^- i|^ 




?^.^I ; to l.K'iir a liliiuiiiiiiu- red culnuf. jTijillf^I, 
i/jSlfi, ; she blushes, JB^^. iH^MlB.- they 
blush at each other, -tflJi^^Ii, JlilftWa, ^ 
Eli'l^'lf^- ^lEi^rilS ; I'o '^"^'Gs not blush for a lie, 
:^ 5"^'^ ; to give a tiling a soft, bright, red 
colour, f0l, a^I, Ml- 
Blush, n. The red colour suffusing llio du'els. (fij 
Jfl, mWi^ <^4i- ll^ir^iE& : to be rrd ail ,ner 
the lace, j|j5l|^§. iijililtg, ; to put one to 
the lilush, fiAJi^, 'tfE^l;'^! tii'st blush, 
— Ji' -'^- ; to get a blush ofa thing. K|jl@, 
W\^^^ ; he has a blush of another, ilU^l^ll 
fill, -fE^^felftil- 
Blushfully, adv. In a blushful manner, ^^^^. 'j^ 

Blushing, jW'- oi' «• Reddening iu the face, §|fj;, 
li^Ili^ffll, lii'I-Tit. ;51^^'E ; blushing from 
shame, ^i^i, jl\^. ^ ^[ ; a blushing face, ^ 
i5 1 ® • ?ra llii ii 4L: ■ ii [Oi li E . ill • E . 

Blushingly, adv. In a blushing nuiuner, Jjif;/;'^. 

Bhishless, a. Unblushing, PglSir- PS^iOil/illJ: 
|Ig1^jSl,r^MJi;i:,MM.ili£¥; impudent, .^ 

Bluster, v. i. To be noisy, Us-mM-^m-^^Ul 
UPElPffi, P^PEiHiy, |iiii.|i'ii;|l!i'J ; to swagger, t^:k^^ 

n, Q 'ji, a ^§, nm, t# ; i" i-t'"i-' (tat it* ; 

to be boisterous, iiji^, ^Jjjjs ; to be windy, Pf- 
Bluster, n. Roar of a tempest, fi'il^ulj.E^S 
inW ; a violent wind, ^||,\,, fji,!., ^j Eg-, tr 
iL&l; uoise^lftPliP*, tfim^mM- swaggering, 
lt:^^'i fi'pf ^" ; biiisleruusness, J^.^^ ; a 
loud bluster, :^^^f^. 
Blusterer, n. A swaggerer, ff;^^-, fjl^.g-.ttl^l 
^,iC'IS^ ; a noisy fellow, m^U^^Mim< 
a boisterous fellow, BWUm A, UWrfj^ 33 
Blustering, 11. Noisy pretension, f^*p§, g§;^, |f{; 

Blusteringly, (tdr. In a blustering, noisy manner, 
fill iffi#, CfEiJ^ ; in a boisterous manner, j^ 


Blusterous, a. Noisy, 9>Mi\(\'.j. BM'lV^PWM- 
tumultuous, fiflP^jaafi^j; boastful, f^^^ 

Bo, inter j. A sound uttered by children to fright- 
en their fellows, pom, bom ! 

Boa, n. The boa constrictor. li^-Eife-Iife ^ *''<' 
boa of Yannau, ff, J§|^.'£. 

Boa, ?!. A fur tippet, large and round, HIHiJC- 

Boanerges, k-^jZ. Sous of thunder, an appellation 

for St. James and .John, ^^. Sec. I\lark, 3,17. 

Boar, n. The male of swine not castrated, l^-J^, 

m'\k, imi ML m^ w. tit: ?i. -k- ; tiio wnd 

hoar, !!!}.%•, yj J^-, f f| ; a boar's snout, J[iP|i; 
boar's bristles, §£ ; to cut a boar, i|ljj|f. 

Boar-spear, n. ^^'^-Wi^W,- 

Board. ». Plank, ^g. )tJ)t. |f^\ ||§. ^ : a single board, 
— %K : the lioards of a Ohiuauuin's bed, ))^k^, 
M- M- W- %t ^- )1I ; a side Ijoard of a tub, % 
>^i ; falling board, :fi P -JS ; a table, ^^ ; bnaids 
for building mud walls, |i^i^- jJi'-fS- '/t-jci ^'ii# ; a 
tlat board, J^fS ; old boards, '^fS ; boards for 
inclosing books tor transport or for lettering, 
3^fg ; the boards of a boat, \\\, ^-fg,; the deck 
of a ship, /§{J[fjj ; to put a child in board, fl)/.^ 
iSS ; a chess-board, Jj^^^ ; an official depart- 
ment, ^j-, the six Boards, f^%\ the ])resideuls 
of the six Boards, ^\'t]^\ the superior officers of 
the six Boards, 7\' pji^'j J; ^1 ; the Board of Be\e- 
nue, Y^ gfj ; the Board ol Punishment, JflJ^U ; the 
Board of Biles, ^% ; tlie Board af War, S,^l ; 
the Board of Works, ^% ; the Board of L'lvil 
Oflico, Itpl); the Foreign Board, Sk^Bc ; 'lie 
Board of Exchequer, Ult^l;. ^% ; the Board of 
Agriculture, Wj^plJ; the Board of Account- 
ants, j:fcpf); the Board of Saerilices, fijij^; the 
Board fur Ills Imperial j\hijesty's Carriages, fg 
■^ ; the Board for the Regulation of His Im- 
jerial Majesty's Oardeus. 1^^)\ president of 
one of the Supreme Boards, ji^^'; the Board of 
Education, ^plj; a member of one of the Su- 
preme Boards, If Jfj'^ ; officers not members of 
one of the Supreme Boards, ^)~f ; to go on. 
board a ship, t§i9§, illlii • to be al.iove boards, 
fjffli ^l,i"> above board, f^-^ ; to deal above 
board, (^fMWfl iam^n^- 

Board, v.t. To cover witli boards, fiJifS, i^jMW. 
1L- ^-fS; to boai-d a room, ^fJlJitS; to board a 
sliip. ±^K^, tSilS' : to place at board, %%, \>^ 
S, Jgfi ; to board at a tavern, m^, JJJi^gS, A 

Board, v. i. To receive food as a lodger for a com- 
pensation, tlf:&i!IS^'[iij^,}^"SiS; to board at 
an inn, j^j^ : to board with one's employer, ^ 

Boaid-wages, d.jjL Wages allowed to servants to 
keep themselves in victuals, ^J^. ^tj^uS- ^ 
W.M\ to receive board-wages, ^}jC'^''0E (H^l). 

Boardalile, «. That may be boarded, as a ship, 'pj" 


IJoaided, ^JjJ-ora. Covered with boards, $i|jS|K) 
f^^^K. ; entered Ijj' armed men, as a ship, ^ 
i^^: furnished with food for a eompensation, 

Hoarder, n. One who lias food and lodging in an- 
other's family for a reward, f^:^^-, fg^^", ^oj 
J^^- RJr^ilA ; <^'iif' who lioards a ship in ae- 
'i""' JLML^^, i£il)i/5S^' ■• "iifi who is selected 
to board a ship, ^^^jl&.-}g^^f^. 

Boarding, ppr. Covering wilh lioanls. JiljIK-fTlS; 
entering a ship by force, ±fg. jJE/jft, i^^lS ; 
receiving board, j:|g, ]^% Jjjg. 

Boarding-school, n. A school, the scholars of 
which board with the teacher, |>ji|ft, [p]^ 
ft; a free boarding-school, ^MM'Mt^^'^^ 

Bearish, a. Swinish, j^hR, f§^; brutal. MWh 

Boast, r. i. To speak of wilh pride or vanity, f^ 

If, pfi:, &lf- ^H- Ui^h niK- ^m, lii'm, 

13 fA], fl i^-- ai t#- em- t=w, Mat- iKt- m- If 

1^: jia, jtstiS- #, ^, ^, If, M- Pi' ;^, ^; n 

^•Bll:^irS ; 't' boast of one's attainments, |ijj^ 
it:t> B f^'-iUt. ; to boast of one's riches, gff 
it's ; he was not lond to boast of his virtue, 
Ml^fJi'B- ^if^If e.# ; to boast of one's self, Q 

Boast, n. Ostenlation, fm^,^'^'^, i^J^'^, 

ff'JI^- ; pride, Ssii.gsf^. 
Boaster, «. One who boasts, fi^^,tmJi'^M 

Boasltul, a. Uiveu to boasting. |f p, |fl^, ff;^ 

(ii ilf%,SlftP^-i!!ili''fe- 

Boastfully, adv. ]n a boastful manner, ij^^, ^ 

Boasting, pi^r. Talking ostentatiously, f^ 'p^ ; 
boasting language, f^lfKIS- WW' ^1, IJI- 


Boasiingly, a(?c. In an ostentatious manner, ^ 

m, If i;±ia- 

Boastless. a. Without ostentation. ^|f,'^.#|5^, 

Boat, «. A small open vessel. ^, >h^; a pull- 
away boat, HIS- HtA- HlSlij^i- tf^i^M-- +^IS ; 
a small boat, iHlit:, j]4it, 9M#- -^^llE- )i?, 
>]>tl-if-i^?-0-e.ii-f^]Mi; '^ Iwo-oared boat, 
Hl%)ilii- i'^fd-- mmm-^ -i iL-rry-boat. ffi7jc|S, 
®- iu- feil'^W; a lanka boat, ^;^^; a rice- 
•joal, JclJ^, iilJIil; the long, narrow boats used 
by tisliermen along the coast, jf^,^L ;g fit ; a 
dragon-boat, |||g, ft^, Ufy \ lodging-boats. 

( 134 ) BOB 

mm'k ; cargo-l,oats, ^W, t^fj, W JRlife 
¥^tii. — 7KjSS ; a pleasure-linat. t^ ; (at pres- 
ent called) flower boat, :jf^)|it ; a passage-boat, 
MilS; market-boats, iijg^, kHS; an officer's 
traveling-boat, f^j^; a mail-boat or advice- 
toat, Sfgfia, ^ff 1^ ; a fast-boat, ^fi ; boats 
let to travelers, filjj^ ; a salt-boat, E||Q; a boat 
smuggling salt, fAiUIS ; a flat-bottomed river- 
boat, :^7|C^; a brothel boat, "^?i^-; a fast 
paddling boat, ^i\^^: a hong-boat, f^ftl; a 
fishing boat. ^■^nA'^lfX^.mmi^ • a large flsh- 
ing-boat, tbijft; a tish-bi>at with water in, ^ 
iffaS' m^.m- i^milSt: a boat tor angling, |fj 
flit- J^:lB- ; a skin-boat, jffc j|g; a guard-boat, jJJJ 
ff- iJffZiS' iSiJ^' i^JPl^lit; a crab-boat, swift 
boat, useil by smugglers. ^^. ±Ui^; a gun- 
boat, ;f]^|,;^, 'j:g/j* ; a square boat, |$, jg ; a boat 
used lor the transhipment of produce, as used 
in the North, gjjjjj: doulile boats, or two boats 
lied together, MMi^ ^^- \h'^; a boat-race, 
I^JIS; the dragon-boat festival or race, ^aJg, 
hil^- I^JII^ ; to pole boats, Jf ^; to liisteu 
a boat, fil^, |i;j§?|g[; to go into a lioat, f^^, 
S^- S/f5: fall a boat, pij-riHt. PJ+tll^P|g ; 
the boat-people, ]g'4?, pj7, HfrA. 7K,ffj. f| 
^; tow boat, ^^j^; pilot boat, ^7]c|ii; Man- 
darin boat, fip^n ; long boat, ;^H+g ; salt flsh 
boat, >]^^. 
Boat, v.t. To transport goods in a boat, ^§^^ 

Boat-bill, n. A genus of birds, -^f^rg. 
Boat-hook, n. An iron hook wilh a point on the 

back, fixed to a long pole, ^^. 
Boat-rope, n. A rope to fasten a boat usually called 

a 2Ja inter, I^I^M- 
Boat-shaped, a. Having the shape of a boat, /Jg^% 

Boating, jj^jy. Transporting in boats, iij^^^"^- 

Boatman, Boatsman, n. A man who manages a 

boat. EmUA, 7K^BJl /fh^. If A. ^A, iltl 

J?n*- ft ; a rower of a boat, im'^- J^tt «■ 

7K# ; one who lives in a boat, ^^, '^'H, ^ 

Boatswain (pronounced bo'sn), n. An officer on 

board ships, who has charge of the boats, sails, 
*t--' E^U.iiM- MJ-- 

Bob, n. A short, jerking adion. pdb. bob, tfl^! 
a bob of the head, fjifcyjl- ikM ; ll"' I'all of a 
short, quick-moving pendulum, f^d-p: inji'w- 
e!s dressed, and at each end a l)ob. jj^^M?^- 
#^ MiiX^-f- ', a knot of worms, at the end of 





a line, used in catching eels, — | 

Bob. v.t. To move with a short, jerliing motion. 
i$m^ tS*}^*- ^1^; <o hob onp-s bond. 
mn- WM ■■ to beat or Imiig. ^i±. Mf±. tfift: 
to bob up and down, fg, ^p.h'^T. fT±ATT • 
to bob. as a pieoe of meat falling in boiling 
soup, ^. 1(^^|5^{K ; to bob, as fishes, or roel;s, 
that are now exposed and then snddenlj' covered 
with water. ^Hi'^Jx- MM-- <» f^™*. W.^ ^ 
■ Ig ; to mock, gf fj^ : to cut sliort, |If-^. 

Bob, V. i. To play backward and forward, Sfl^tH : 
to angle for eels, §.^^- 

Bob-cherry, «. A play, in which a cherry is hung 
so as to liob against the moutii, and be caugiit 
with the teeth", ®©{;)h!^ ; to play at bob-eher- 

Bob-tail, n. A short tail, as the Chinese 

tailed cat. -Rgi^, Ml- 
Boll-tailed, n. Havina' the tail cut short, 

Bobwig, Bobtail-wig, «. Mff, M|ii|. 
Bobbed, p;7. Moved with a quirk art, ^-0 ^j^; 
shaken, f|S-^, ^-g ; gained liy fraud, gig -g, ^ 

Bobbin, n. A spool, ft®- Jia±.:^. & ^■. M- 

Bobbin-work, n. ^^■^. 

Bobbinet, n. A kind of lace wrought bv machines, 

Bolibing, j^pr. Playing back and forth, MfH^ ; 

striking, ^'^; cheating, l^|g; angling for 

eels, ^^^. 
Bobliish, a. To be in good spirits, ij[^^,, $fl;g 

Bobolink, n. The rice-bird, ^^fi,. 

Bobstays, n. pi. Eopes to confine the bowsprit of a 

ship downward to the stem, SM^I^I:^. 
Bockelet, Bockeret, n. A kind of long-wingod 

hawk, ^%m- 

Bode, V. t. To portend. \s, glfcy^, ® P if», ^tlS^- 
W^^^H, ^^\ it bodes no good, Vmrmh 
iiis language Ijodes no good. ^fUPgiT- Ihl 7>: 
to meet something which bodes evil, ^f^P^i/- 

Boded, pp. or a. Presaged, [>i^. 

Bodge, v.i. To stop, i$]t- 

Bodice, n. Stays, waist-bands, used by native 
women. ^J^, m^, fL^. Q^. H^^m^ 
if^ ; those used by foreign ladies, ^||: ; a waist- 
coat, quilted with whalelwne, worn by women, 

Bodied, a. Having a body, ^.^ ; big-bodied, :^ 
% ^^PIE: able-bodied, ^fg. •^m^- 

Bodiless, a. Having no material form. ^SJf^ 
?^?^7- feiflffli'^- JI^fjfK^; having no body, 

Bndily. «! r^rporeal. m'i'^- #^1- ^^"^i- #11 
P^, I^^fiV' baviiiy- a material form, >^J|5(t^, 

a slight bodily indisposition, $t W. fi fi'^ ^u M 

Bodily, adr. Corporeally, W^''^- entirely, J^, 
f^: to set bodily upon a thing, ffl^^^i;//. 
il^-ffl^#£:^J ; lo carry away bodily, — ^ 

Biiding, ppv.ova. Foreshowing, \>>, >[^^^iif!. 

Boding, n. An omen, '^I<;dM. 

Bodkin, n. An instrument for making holes by 
piercing, Iff, ^|^': an instrument with an eye 
for drawing thread, &c through a loop. ^|f , 
?|f1-- ^\m§\-^ a printer's bodkin, J^Jjig; a 
hair-pin, |2- ^- ?^- 

Body, n. t. t|. ^t«, l^t, I^fl, l^?f, m. 15, 
§g, J^^l ; the body must die. f^ #|,f.W5E : be 
wounded his own Imdy. gf^^ti; l'"dy and 
spirit, ^ifi^; the body present, but the mind 
absent, ,^fSjij>lfe; the body sawing forward 
and backward. MWM'p': matter, as opposed 
to spirit. {f^.R.^F^.ifljH.Tr^ll: luminous bodies, 
^%^>J^; non-luminous l)odies, f^^^fj^; 
transparent bodies, i§-Jti,^'- opaque Ijodies, 

:T>if ^±!i; !i sol"'' ''O'ly. M!£- !i;j^: i«se of 

a )x)dy, j5 ; a person, A k- At* : the collective 
parts of the liody, 'g'fl ; a dead Ijody, ^, '^^ 
#Fe- JIB: somebody, ^A- W^: nolmdy 
MA; any bodv, T4i^|lT A- Pa A ; t'verybody 
^A- AA: tlie whole liody, ^#, — #, JS1# 
^^^. ^g| : a corporation, •^ ■. the main army 
:}z.%; a body of troops, -.f$&}^, _[5f £,t| 
— M^J%^ —kkKh\ the whole, — IjJ: the 
main part, ■}^^\ a general collection of stat- 
utes, •^ll; the main body (substance) of a 
suliject, ^: the body of the moon, J^ff; wine 
of a good Itody, ?§M '• tliat paper has not Inxly 
enough, ^tH^V^'^'^: the Imdy of the cloth, ^i^\ 
body and soul, ^tlSfl^l: ", lean body, — ^U 
•i" ; a wise body, i?||l'^ A ; « busy body, ^fg 
^ ; a body of Chinese, -^PJk^A ; the body of 
a coach, ]|;ti; the body of a tree, ^fj § ; the 
body, in the language of the Budhists, :^jf^^, 




Body-elofhes, n. pi. Covering for the body, as for 
a horsp, ,B|^. 

Bocly-politic', «. The rnlloctivo Tindy of a people 
imdov a civil o-overnment, AJ^- IS^i- 

Body-guard, n. The guard that defends the per- 
son, ^;lj&, f^filtf, f#^i:^ ; I^fis Imp^'i'i'l ^fajf'S- 
ty's l)ody-giiard. ifi^f^j: His Imperial INfajes- 
tv's Imdy-jriiard with hlue poacoek's foalhers, 

Bog, 97. A quagmire oovered with grass or other 
plants. ^, fjgif j>Jt. Wkl^]^- m-i^tlii- 
a little elevated spot of earth in marshes and 
swamps, filled with roots and grass. I^A^^"^- 
J|l; wooden shoes similar to those used )jy liog- 
trotters, for traveling over mud, j5^^, f^. |l|. 
^ ; soaked through, as a Ijog, y'lr^if. 

Bog-bean, n. Menyantlics, a marsh plat. f^Ju.. 

Bos-land. a. Pertaining to a marshy eonntry, ^: 


Bog-moss, n. ^^. 

]]og-ore, 11. %^ifi. 

Bog-rush. 11. A rush that grows in bogs, j^. 

Bog-trotter, n. f±?f Itk^"- 

Bosade. V. i. To stop, as if afraid to proeeod. Sf Jf , 
mmm%lt^-&- ^^ start aside, U<p,3 ; to dis- 
semble. #. #^; to doubt, lilg. 

Boggle, r.t. To embarrass witii difficulties, }M%- 

Boggled, fip. EmbarrassHl. fiSf. j^':^. 

Boggier, n. A timorous man. 4if)JR^. 

Boggy, a. Full of bogs, J^ijli- 

Bogle, Boggle, n. A )jug-bear, i:]\%. 

Bohea lea. n. A sort of black tea, -^^z^, i^^ 
5^; the Bohea hills in Fiikien, S^HllJ. 

Boiar, Boyer, n. In the Russian empire, a noble- 
man. lIilK?Slge±.!# ; fi P""soii of quality, 

Boil. c. I. To lie agitated by the action of heat, ri>, 
'&t ^y^h ffi^Kra; to bo agitated by any 
other cause than lieat, m%, ^,i'ji. ;i^,-g:fn'J; 
to be very hot, iSJ^f(Vs^$; to be in boiling 
water, t^; to boil away, Ji? ■^, J^^, fflM'-, to 
boil over, m\M- 'J^- 'SB?S ! to boil a long time, 

Boil. r.t. To seethe, %M-i^-'^^^'^h^J^.M-'J^^ 
^; to boil rice, ^:g6; to boil tea, l;f1i>, ^^S, 
^^s-M'^^'^}.^'^ to lioil or make congee, ;^^?4? ; 
to lioii soup. i^i'?g--i)i^ffj.t^'l)i; to boil thin soup, 
^m Wi- to boil soft. Sfi% ; to boil food, S^t 
J!^-:^!]:&'-Hl!)f-ll';>M-: to- Ijoil liioroughly, 

!^ii^.fi:j ; to boil to pi.v,^s. ymm- mm, mm, 

i^^li; to boil lish, 1,1 ffi.; to )-oil water, ;^X'7K. 

^ 7l(C ; to boil a cake, ffe!}^ ; to boil a chicken, 
if ^- 'l^ll- Bf H- f^ii; to boil again, H^f, 
Jtjf . f;it ff t;|; to boil vegetaliles, t;f^; boil 
a cup of custard. 'j^-'^Hl'i^P^ \ to boil a 
pudding. ^^§!j-#, fXW^ '■ t'oi' "'ater and make 
some tea in covered cu])S, "^7^^^- 

Boil. 11. ^. >K'ffW', small boils, as seen on the 
forehead of Chinese children. |Sf-f, >XfSW ; to 
have boils, ^'^, ^"#. W-§ ■ to give away a 
boil (liy a charm), ^^ : to open a lioil, fi]'^, 
W\'-^' tile boil opens, ^$. 

Boiled, jip. or «. Dressed liy boiling. ^^Ig. |ti^- 
T?;;^. ^'A-'j;^',!^ : done. ^: a boiled egg. ^fi^ 
iil^- B'^lglE^ ffi^ilW'tHE;: I'oth lioiled and 
fried eggs are good. || ^ ;tj; '1^ §) iT : boiled 
cow's feet, ;^!'g:£ ^ ^IH '• liams thoroughly boiled 
are very good, iKWJ\u''^.^i^J-' y'l'"^ when 
boiled soft are very mealy. ^ ^ fit fll if' f S ; 
boiled to rag-s foverdone). t;|fl,'g. fQ-f , fj^fflDr!' 

+^s?5- mm. m- m- m- mi- n.m- 

Boiler, n. A person who boils. t>f ^. ^^. ,i<r;^; 
a flat vessel in which anything is boiled, i^; 
deep boiler, §|^. ||. |i?. ^. fg: a boiler for dis- 
tilling. f]{: lioiler and cat. ^M: a boiler for 
lioiling water, VJ^S^- l^Sf ; a large boiler. ^F^ 
$t- :hW'- ^ smaller boiler. iL'j^; an earthen 
boiler, ^["^f ; a large flat iron boiler, :^|f|^, 
!|f 03 : a large deep boiler. |^|^^ : a small deep 
boiler. f|^(-f. |<i?H; a lioiler with legs, fi?f' W 
BtHliFl ; a three-legged lioiler, ^,[. 

Boiling, ppr. or «. Swelling with heat, jg ; boil- 
ing water, myK- '©^JC 'MWr- boiling point 
(of water). ^-^-Ifrs*?!. M^- 7K[jf]?A' : I'oil- 
ing with rage. ig-.jSw. — Hi'X- 

Boiling, n. The act or state of elmllition. ift. 

Boisterous, «. Violent, M- '!?■ -^^.i' ^?.^- ^1- 
Il3^- a- im. B^- noisy. f5|fl. 1!K$. nil. 
|ii7?f- WPCPli"]: roariniz-. PfHj;. ^fjm- m^^- ?£ 
'kILI'S ■■ clumsilv violent. miW- ffli^- : boister- 
ous weather, EM/c^^- EM ^S- jle:A:illf ; 
a lioisterous wind, flM., MSI- '^E: SS. ® 

Boisterously, ((Jv. Furiously, g. JJ ; to sing bois- 
terously,' 2fjB^. 

Boisferousness, «. ff.®- Si^^- ^l^^- 

Bolary, a. Pertaining to bole or clay, ij^fl^. 

Bold."rT. Couraireous. _^, ^IhH. p^ij J?,. g^. J?, ^, 
iJ. Wf=?- ffi^.i?,. fS'lf ■ €: ^^=»'-i".a-- H'll'lt HSilt, 

-^,iK- ^^, ^lU- mi^- ^m. -km- m^. m> 
m- ^?^. '!¥• mm- ^ir.^ ■ ''■^"■'^^ss, ;f ta 6^ ; 

intrepid, ^'tJlH, i;^^, fijglJU ; impudent, gf^, 


^lt^fflES;a bold face, J^ 
§ 3t- i; Pi ipip ; -^ Imlil shoro, || j^ ; liold. pre- 
cipitous iiioiiiitiiins, -jpiMilll, i^lll'^llj, lil^ 
W^lli '• i^ ''()I(1 dr|iorliiioiit, liigli-spiritf'd, ]^ 
m- I^^UmM- >Lm ; =1 bold minister, #cgT. ^ 
^r^JP.- f,fi:;> E ; i^ bold nndcrt;ikin,n-. f«^ff, 

imafte, iim\\i'M.^^ • « bold ]ni'Um\ ^^i'l;^; 

bold writing, SmiT-a'^:/jPf!C-Mifl:^j/V^±^: 

I was linld to speak, ^M.Wi, UMtSt ; to be so 

liold as to, )lli®:, ijj^. 
Bold-fac-e. ?i. Iiiipndeiiee, ft!t[fii jjj^-. 
Bold-faced, rt. Iinpndeiit, ^^fl^I- ^MJ!£6-I. ^ 

MlfJc"!?; bold-faced woman, tfStl^iF- 
Bold-spirited, «. Having bold spirit or conrage, J^ 

Bolden, v.t. To make bold, ;//Dlin, tf^J]n. ^lyn. 
Boldly, «(?!•. In a bold manner, fjj, |Si]iJ5f., |5^. 
r^^-. 3^1)1! ;V IS; impudently, aSMj^PIt, W^3I 

W\Mi ■■ to act boldly, -fiiiJi?, Mii^ff:^, 

*^5E±.fT.t/l-^±fT:-Jll5El)ii ; to speak bold- 
ly, SiW, ®^6^- 
Boldness, n. Freedom from timidity, ^IJSfc, ^ 

M *, ^it ^, m 'M- ix -a, « M, m ±- m m ; 

impudence, *Sffi /i ^ • confidence, g 'l^, J^"^; 
prominence, MM- WiM- i^iM' boldness with- 
out contrivances, ^^^Mlh Wf^^ll- 

Bole, 11. The body of a tree, ta}#. 

Bole, n. A kind of fine clay, ijji)^ ; a kind of fine 
clay coloured by iron, :^4jt- 

Bole iirmeniac, n. #Sfla, 55:ai]&- ^#I!h- 

Boletus, n. A genus of liranched mushroom, yQ^ ; 
the common mushroom, :^'Cir-> ^- ^> 9- 

Bolis, 91. A fire-liall darting through the air, fol- 
lowed by a train of light or sparks. MM-i^H^- 

Boll, 11. The pot of capsule of a plant, 5^ ; stalk, 

Bollemong, n. ^%^. [^. 

Boilings, n.j)!. Pollard-trees, whoso tops and 
branches are cut olT, pJHIS}. 

Bologna-sausage, n. 'iiiU^fkWi- 

Bolster, n. A long pillow or cushion, :S|tS^, :k. 
9k-^ ; a part of a saddle raised upon the bows to 
hold the rider's thigh, ^^^. h^lS, ; a cush- 
ion or bag, filled with tarred canvas, used to 
preserve the stays from being worn liy the 
masts, t^litt- 

Bolster, r. t. To support with a bolster, jfl^*;ftf±. 

Bolster, v. i. To lie together in a bed, [g]g|. -^^ 
fls fPimilK. 

Bolstered, a. Swelled out, ggj^B, Sg;^. 



Bolsterer, n. %%. 

Bolstering, n. A support, f^^-^%, !i|jt&;^^- 

lioll, n. An arrow, n?. ^ ; a strong cyliiulrical 

]iin of iron, ff^^^s ; a thunder-bolt, '^'^, jf , 

;^J ; a stream of lightning. JXJ'i^ : Ijolt upright, 

\j} \(i : the hoi-i/.onlal bolt of a door, P^J pg. p^ 

1.::.]. I'm- \'W- 14IJU- Pitt- [SI- m^ m- f|, i^ ; 

llie liolt of a plough, ^H ; a holt tor the feet, 
11 K ; he has shot his bolt, fiii^itf^ri- 
Bolt, v.t. To fasten with a bolt, j'gl^:, fj^, A 
#, ±^4 ; to shackle, ftfi ; to bolt, blurt out, 

^wt- mmMm, m-m; to bou out, ii^m. ^ 

!>''.|- KftU ; to bolt as a horse. I^^i^^, ^*N;^, 
g'|l if ; 1" bolt away, 5^^cj*^ ;' to Ijolt, as an 
aiijirentice, i/t/^, Jj^lJjJ ; to holt in, upon, ^^, 
■(I;Im; to rush lirecijiitately forward, ^fjjijl 
RiJ- -!^^P"]niJ ; to holt food down one's throat, 

Bolt, r.«. To sift or separate Ijran from flour, ^ ; 

to discuss, s]|5, EE^i^- 
Bolt, V. i. To shoot forth suddenly, ■fi^/lij, ^'ni]f- 
Bolt-auger, 9t. A largo borer, used in ship-building, 

Bolt-boat, n. A strong boat, that will endure a 
rough sea, ^^lit, gjiijg. 

Bolt-head, «. A long straight-necked glass re- 
ceiver, ^j^m^ ^WMM- 

Bolt-rope, n. A rope to which the edges of sails are 
sowed to strengthen them, llffjgil, |fflilSg.ft. 

Bolt-sprit, n. See Bowsprit. 

Bolt-upright, a. Perfectly upright or good, ^^^. 

Bolted, j>p-ora. ]\Iade fast with a bolt, j^i^if^, 
Aii# ; f^hot forth, i$ji^m ; sifted, f^'^ ; ex- 
amined, ^i^. 

Bolter, n. A kind of sieve, ^^ ^i^SK. ^'j^g^, B 
PiMB ; bolter for grain, ^d^B- 

Bolting, j)^)-. Fastening with a holt, ■J'gf'f ; blurt- 
ing out, ^gt, ^s"; shooting forth suddenly, 
''^fi^.M'l mmHsm^ mm- separating bran 
from flour, f^ ; examining. ^, ^%; discuss- 
ing- m^- 

Bolting-cloth, n. A linen or cloth, of which bolters 

are made for sifting meal, f^:{^, j^ife!;, B^HP- 

Bolting-house. «. The place where meal is bolted, 

tmm- m- 

Bolting-hutch, n. A tub for bolted flour, '^^,W 

Bolting-mill, n. A machine for sifting meal, ^ 

li-fKMM ; "11 engine for sifting meal, ^>K 

Bolting-tub. 11. A tub to sift meal in. fifjj'lf- 
Bolus, «. A large pill, ||:^, M^X, 'X%X- 




Bomb, n. A great noise, pom * @, bom ^, 1^^., 
(^(in Cimlon); a large shell of cast iron, round 
and hollow, with a vi'nt to receive a fnsoe, con- 
taining combustible matter, lll^|i,|-l!^fl-?, 
itg (in Canton), g) ig^fi.l- fill?: tl^^ stroke 
upon a bell, pom ^. MiK- 

Bomb-chest, n. A chest tilled with shells, ^f^ 
M^'^ ^ •'best tilled with gunpowder, j^^T^k 

Bomli-ketch, «. A small ship or vessel, construct- 
ed for throwing bombs, M'TcWM' i^H^S.! 

Bomb-proof, a. Secure against bombs, Jl^f.^;^ 

Bomb-shell, n. A bomb. JI^t^Kd. 
Bomb-vessel, n. See Bomb-ketch. 
Bombard, v. t. To attack with liomlis thrown from 

mortars, sjanm^m^ i^m^cmxM, mm-jt 

Bombarded, pp. Attacked with bombs, iyU^i^SS 

Bomliardier, n. One whose business is to attend 

the loading and tiring of mortars, fib,^. 
Bombarding, fpr. Attacking with shells or 

bombs, TiJ^Ii^^RHI^. [fiUJ:^. 

Bombardment, n. An attack with bombs, ^[J 5^ 
Bombardo, n. A musical instrument of the wind 

kind, much like the bassoon, ^^\^'M- 
Bomliasin, Bombazine, n. A twilled fabric, of 

which the warp is silk and weft worsted, ^5j 

Bombast, ». A stutf of soft, loose texture, used to 
swell garments. ^% ; high-souuding words. 
if splkia, ?5-= , -kM^ n^^'m- t® ; nn in- 
flated style, if»35C- 

Bombastic, a. Swelled. |f||l'^ ; high-sounding, ff 

Bombasti-y, v. Swelling words without much 

meaning, tf-g, if IpI^^. 
Bombay, n. :^g. [|^ 

Bombay ducks, n. Dried fish from Romliay, ^[ij; 
Bombax, n. Cotton free, Tl^t^ti}- 
Boml.iazet, Bombazett, Bombazettes, Bombazetts, 

«• WW}^ W^l^if^ m^^i ; fig»i-w^ bombazet, it 

Bombic, a. Pertaining to the silkworm. Ss&.6^' 

Bombic acid. n. An animal acid, obtained from 

* There is no cliaracter For this word, 
f Canton colloqnial. 

the silkworm and from raw silk, g^g^. 
Bombife, n. A bluish black mineral found in 

Bombay, iJH'XS- 
Bombycinous, a. Silken, ^S^^-&^- 
Bombyx, n. The silkworm, Jf jfuv 
Bon (Ijong), n. A good saying, ^gH. ^ni ; ii jest, 

Bona tide, a. AVith good faith. ^% '^% \ with- 
out fraud, feEffif^, %\wm- k<mmm^z.t^- 

Bonapartist, n. One attached to ihc jierson or 
principles of Bonaparte, t^^^E^ilHlf- * 

Bonasus, n. A species of bison, or wild ox. |f 4^- 

Bon bon, n. A sugar plum. I^[If|{, IS'fp^-f ; sugar 
confectionary, ^'^. 

Bon-chief, 7*. Good consequence, ■^. 

Bon Chretien, n. A species of pear, ijig. 

Bond, n. A cord. |li. fH^, |^ ; a liand or ligament, 
^,«^; bonds, fetters, |!^,^, ^* IS, U^: 
chains, Iffi. fgii ; imi>risonment, ^^, 1^ 
Jlli; captivity, '1^, Mill.?;; that which unites 
things, il!^^ ; an agreement. -g-ftJ], -^i^. ^, 

^, ^r;. urn- mfx^ nm- ?m^, m?^, m^- 

p}^ ; a union, fO'u-, +B p'- 'tSfU ! ^i 't''ise and 
a bond, ^tpH ; a voluntary bond given to a 
third party, W'^^; a bond for borrowed money, 
upon wliii-h no interest is paid, fgl^, fa IS|^ ! 
a liond for bun-owed money, upon which inter- 
est is paid, ^l^.f^lfl, J^^^ : a bond in ancient 
times, "f .^.§ ; a signed bond of our days, ^ 
iif*; a bond of friendship, ^^^^i. ^^^ : 
to enter into a bond, ijj'^lp] ; a bond of ap- 
pearance, fiJ^H- 
Bond, a. In a state of servitude or slavery, '{^j^. 
Bond. v.t. To give bond for, UiS^^. ^iji^- 
B(Uidmaid, «. A female slave, Jd^-iSl.^- Y DI, 

Bondman, v. A man slave, j^^.1).^, ^&^'v % 

Bondservant, n. A slave, ^fl,:§3i:f . ^|i. >hm : 

bondservants and bondmaids, {^i^., fe"^- 
Bondservice, n. Slavery, '^U^^- '^^±.1^' 

Bondswoman, Bondwoman, n. A female slave, ^ 
Bondage, n. Slavery. *fe§|, ^If ft- 1 'tl'Jj- f? 
0; imiirisonment, ^'t- TH^-.TJi^-: <« 
be in iKUula-e, ffl-J^, *^§|, :^H&. Hfi^", 
«^6f[«-, «#.M. ^m^. mi'^'- voluntary 
bondage, H&II&- t\%1^^ ■ ^"^ 'je in bond- 

t 111 Cuiitdii, (lif name given to those 
sold for the Cuban niarliet. 

.idnapped and 


ago of sin, HRP.^IP^^. ^WWi'iSi-^ <o '^e 
in ),on.ln-o oi Satan, jjg^^. :^;1^±^. ^ 
JM^J^fl^- 'S-li^±M-<^'''^ Ezra 1. Jl. chapt. 
8, 35; Psalm 78, 01; Ps. 126. 1 and 4 ; Isaiah 49, 
i) and 25, chapt. 5-2, i, cliapt. 61, 1 ; Luke 4, 18; 
Jer. 15, 2; Isaiah 42, 7.) 
Bonded, pp.ov a. Secured liy bond. tTi^'u'If^' A 

isfs-m: landed goods. i^M^n-i'^mmw- 

Bondsman, 7i. A slave, ;gJl§| ; a surety. -jHf;^^. f^ 
^. f7?A : one who gives security lor another, 

ij^^i^^-i!?: Am- 

Bom', n. #,#yri.#f^ ; the skeleton. ^f|±.'^. 

t^^-i-: the vertebr 
vieal vertelir;e, ^Ig"] 

ilnmn, ^"g* ; the cer- 
orsal verteljra\ "^ 

if'^: tile lumbar vcrtebne, ^-^ ; axis and 
atlas, ^#"M-|iS'>;|ij ; bones ol' the head, gji-g'; 
occipital bone, ^.g- ; parietal bone, ^.^MM 
>%•: frontal bone, ^[•f* ; temporal bone. Jf.p^ 
•g*; sphciidiil lione. iS^'i'lft'g' : ethmoid bone. ^ 
'4'±7K?^'i- ; sacrum. Hfg-i" : os coccyx. ^ [M] 
•§•; bones of the face, [fij'3*'. nasal bone. ^/^ 
•^ ; superior jaw biuie. Jl^f;)^"!* ; inferior jaw 
bone, T:5fJ^'i*- nia'.ar or cheek lione. f/j«^ ; 
lacryiiuil bone, M%-^ ; palate lione. ±q";'f^f'fi 
m^'-, turbinated bone. ^'t-T^Km"!"- f'e 
vomer, 2^B^>g' ; ribs, ^"^ : costal cartilages, 
#)l)u,'i' : clavicle or collar Ixuie, |&t±'i- ; scap- 
ula ur shoulder bone. gg^"^. flff "i*; humerus 
or arm bone. Ji^''^*; nlii;i or lore-arm Ixme, 
Jl'.'hJ'S* ; I'adiiis or turning hand bone HOi"!* ; 
carpus or wrist bones, IJiQig- ; metacarpal or 
hand bones, ^% ; iihalanges or linger bones, 
ia'^ ; pelvis, %'^^ ; isi-hium or sitting bone. 
^•S- ; the symphysis pubis. ►tiitlff'i'^II; Hie 
acetabulum, (I^^B ; lemur or tliigli bone, :J^ 
M*!* ■> patella or knee-pan. J^^"^ ; metatar- 
sal or loot l.iones. .^^nfjM'H* '• jdialanges or 
toe bones, Jl^^^'^ ; the shape of bones. '^>^±. 
J^; the shaft or body of bones, '^^f^JZ 5 ^^'^ 
superior extremity, #ilJ:}Sji ; the interior ex- 
tremity, 'h'^TJab • there are long and short 
bones. >g-^g^ ; there are round and flat 
bones, 'i'f^'lU'ifi ; there are thick and (bin 
bones. "H'W/^/f^; bones liave cither a smooth 
or rough surface, >l*inji'u'l^: the form of the 
bones is either straight or crooked. 'h*J1^;Il[Mi ■ 
the external surface of the bone, •^'^^hpj ; the 
medullary canal, 'i-;JltlS§ ; depressions and 
eminences of bones, •!•.;> jlilr"! ; foramina or 
holes of Ijones, 'g'^JL ; periosteum or covering 
of bones, "g-^ ; uses of the bones, #il^jffl ; a 

( 139 ) BON 

large frame (of bones), 'i'jj^;^ ; flesh and bones, 
»^[^ ; all the bones. "§"•§• ; tlie lione handle of 
anything, fg ; to give one a bone to pick. H;:^ 
A ; to nmke no bones, UgFuli^jji., :{^f^^:^>\^■, to 
pick a bone, P^ig*, PjF'g'Bn: vou lazv bones! — 

lione, v. t. To take out bones from the flesh, as in 
cookery, i#, ^Xn'^^ ^^^ ilS#; f" pi't 
whalebone into stays, ^'H'.'^liiM^- 

Bono-ache, n. Pain in the bones. ^^Ij^. 

Boneblack, «, Animal charcoal, #S. 

Bone-dust, «, Bones ground for the purpose of 
being used as manure, #^. 'W'^^- 

Bone-earth, n. The earthy residuum alfer the 
calcination of bones, # j:- 

Bone-sot, r. t. To set a dislocated bone, J^'g* ; to 
unite broken bones, g$'i*, M*!*- ^I"!*- 

Bone-setting, n. The act of setting boues, gx"!", 

Boned, 2U^- T'eprived of liones, ij^'l'. 

Boneless, o. Without bones, ff'g-I'^. H#6^- 

Bones, n. Dice, fi,=p, g,^, 

Bonetta, n. A sea fish. f<X^. 

Bonfire, n. A fire made as an ex[iressiou of public 
joy and exultation, -j^'X- !®i^. ^fi^±.'K- 

Bongrace, n. A covering for the forehead, f^^. 

Boning, ppv. Depriving of bones, ^%- 

Bonito, n. A fish of the tunny kind, ffi^. 

Bonmot, n. A jest, ^f^. 

Bonnet, n. A covering for tlie head, ip| ; bonnets 
for females, ^ifl ; ancient court bonnets, ^ ; 
an ancient bonnet, 'M^'^'M^^' bcoinet-strings, 
ifSl- 'I'll w : ^ bonnet-ring, i[i|[l]; bonnet-cylin- 
der, ipgfl ; bonnet or bandbox, ili|;^ ; jtut the 
lionnet in the band-liox, Miplji'f l|li:^lf^ 
Bonnet, n. In fortification, a small work with two 
faces, having only a parapet with two I'ows of 
palisades, j^^lffe-g-. 

Bonneted, n. AVearing a bonnet, $%'i\f%. 

Bonnibel, n. A handsome girl, j$-^- 

Bonnilass, n. A beautiful girl, H^. 

Bonnv, a. Handsome, ^.^^^ : gav, -3lt&M,-ii^^; 
frolic, ?f|^. il^, i^li^m ■■ plninp- 8E^- 

Bonny-clabber, ». Sour milL ^kUt^^ 

Bonton, u. The height of the fashion, :|v:lltyj\- :{c 

Jltli:- i:iim- 

Bonum magnum, n. Species of plum, i#^^- 

Bonus, 71, A premium given for a charter or 

other previlege, ^f^ll ; an extra dividend to 

the shareholders of a joint stock company out 

of accumulated profits, ^H^, ^IWB. ; bonus 

of a month's rent, ^M- 

( 140) 


Bony, a. Full of bones, ^>^, ^^. iS ; pertain- 
ing to bones, »i-l'l^. 'W^^ ; liaviiig large or 
prominent boues.^§|.^if,'l'i^i;; stout, ^ 
^; a Ijony horse, :r^,^ ; a bony (lean) person. 

Bonze, n. A Budhist priest, fijfjij. ff A- 
Booby, n. A dunee, 5i'*' 5iffe-^ft-f3ft>^|lS*-ft. 
^ Ar :^Bl!|x ; a silly booby, ft'S^-? ; a water 

fowl, mmm- 

Booliy-huteh, n. A clumsy, ill-contrived, covered 

carriage or seat, ,C|i}l^. |IM%(6-J)$- 
Boodh, n. Name of Budba, f^jj. Sec Budha. 
Boodhism, n. The system of the religion of Budha, 

Boodhist. n. A lioliever in Boodhism, ffj^l, f^^ 

^, ft «li ^-^ ^^ i! -^-- =^^ II 15: ^- ; '-^ Boociiiist 

priest, %i'^. f»A. 1S + - ± A- ±f4- 
Book, «. #, jf. iff, |g. SM- mil- :?I?S' fM^ t-l 

^, fm^ «%^ 3!c?i. jifn^ Ji- n^^ ji?^' ; ^ 

single book (volume). — -gpfl;; a set of books, 
— ^#: liamboo Ixtoks, *^^f, fjM ; ^ bamboo 
book basket, ^f^l ; a book-case, ^'^I'j. fiH, #' 

ffi- •«?' •till ■' -^ f'"^'*^'" "^'f '^ '-"-"'^^■' ff^' fl^^' 
a bound Ijook, tTl1'j#:tr%ff ; ii^ I'O^'^ envelope, 

*5^. *ifc)c; ^ P'lp'-i" '^ook, *fT±.*'' *^tr 

%W ; '1- book of accounts, M'%' •'' "^vaste )jook, 
1^^; the Eed-book, Ml'l'lf ,M#^* : to 
mind one's books, '§j^{ ; without book, ^.^4 11{. 
=*F^?ltU, ;t:'t# ; without book, ^f,*, Z^MJ^m 
|g; without book, :^W|f| : in books (in kind 
remenbrance), fig.'g;, ;g:;^^^; in favour, ^ 
^; to be in one's l««,ks. ^XftillR- XfEl^ : to 
get out of one's books. '{^^. Jir^'IR : to read a 
book, ||^»-; to recite a book, ^.^, ^f^fj-', 1^ 
II; a sacred book, i? ft, ^|M, 11:^1 ; a book 
that dare not be altered, ;fflji:^; to revise 
books, ^$, ^'fl, ^leiE-^pl', ^eJ'; to cut out 
blocks for a book, fIJfS, |#S ; to print books, 
P|]# ; to distribute buoks, Jjl^', jg^ ; to burn 
books, ^m ; to write books, f^ft:, ^^g:, S5*; 
the Four l^ooks, izy#, M^#; confaiiied in 
books, »W±-flW±.|I5:, tti'Ji/fic: it is 
written in the Sacred B(«ik. ^^^ ^ ; to read 
books, Mfi', Rll*. S'S-- l!a"#; lo write the 
headings on a Chinese bdok, 1;,^^ ; to mark the 
periods in a Chinese book, I,",'^" ; to mark o!T 
the lesson for })upils. ^f flj ; a book of rewards 
and punishments. S5(0IM"- n hunk of drauins. 

Book, v.t. To enter in a book, ±^->, ^%, f^^fj, 

Book-account, n. gj:0. 

Bookbinder, n. One who binds books. f]*@^-. f]" 

Bookbindery, n. A place for binding books, f]"§ 

Bookbinding, n. The art or practice of Ijinding 

books, tr«±^, tr*- 

Book-case, n. A case with shelves for holding 

books, #*j», ^f@. 
Book-debt, n. S^Xffi- 
Book-keeper, n. ±f>i^, ^iVi?, t=fi, iiffi, ^SSA, 


Book-keeping, li. %^§. fJailti-^- 

Book-knowledge, «. ^]li)^^, W^^^ P-f-^ 

Book-learned, «. Acquainted with books and liter- 
ature, tff^, WM.^ if 3£^' t^'Pi'lf- 

Book-madness, n. Bibliomany, ^'fj. 
Bookmaker, n. One who writes and publishes 

books, f^a--^-, s*^. 

Bookmaking, n. The practice of writing and pub- 
lishing books, f^l--;^^, f^#g-. 

Bookman, )i. One whose profession is the study of 

books, |I«A,<!P^-, ±A. e^. 
Bookmate, n. A schoolfellow, ^;5, fp]!^. ||;g. 
Book-mindedness, n. Love of books, ^^, fl:#|. 
Bookoath, ii. An oath made on the book, or Bible, 

Bookseller, n. One whose occupation is to sell 
books, ^#^-, p ^P^ ; a bookseller's shop, g 

Bookselling, /i. The employment of selling books, 

Bookstall, i"^iftli. 

Bookstand, n. A stand or frame for selling books, 


Bookstore, n. A shop where books are kept for 

sale, «t|\ mijm- 
Book-style, n. '^^. 
Bookworm, n. A worui that eats holes in books, 

m'&- MM' mh m. m^ tiifx. 4sm; a stu- 
dent closely attached to Ijooks. ^%^. #^. 

Booked, pp. Entered in a liook, ^i^vi^; register- 
ed, mi- 

Booking, j^ipr. Registering in a book. ^{^j.. 

Bookish, a. Given to reading, §'5i^. W^- Jl|§ 

Bookless, a. "Without books. Jl*^^ ; unlearned. ^ 

Booni, >/. Boom of a sail. i^^l. i|H,)f . iltl: spank- 
er boom, Mi^:kJi^'A^'^ ^ ^'-^^ across the mouth 




of a river, &c., jjcm, m^, mA^^MM^^', 
<i hollow roar, as of wuvls, fja]'^. 
Boom, V. i. To rush with violence, fl[|i^, ISi^, 
^ij^- flM; <o swell, ISjI; to roll ami roar, 
j&F3!aEy- 'dM'MH- 'SLmlHU'^ loboom forth, 

Ikwming, fiu-.ov a. Eushing along with violence, 
flj.Kl> ■fff iS' f''J i§ ■' i-nnring like waves, t|1jj fia) ; 
to eonie booming, ^i|i6/iW2i^- 

Boon, n. A gift from I he emperor er any person 
higher in rank than the recipient, %'\'jl- ^1%'- 
a gift from those of equal rank, Jg !|^, fg J|||, 
Hh'-I^' ;i;'^; a favour granted, ,@,-rtft ; a prayer 
or petition, ^. 

Boon, rt. Gay, ■[Jifg-, 1;^ i]^- : kind, tB? 'joon 
companions, ftllijji;^. 

Boops, 7i. A genus of tishes, JiE|i£. 

Boor, n. A countrynuin. a rustic |^^. -fpf^- t^ 

f^, M*- iij^g. ±A. K^y^, aw- A. MMiKj- 

Boorish, a. lUistic, if#, +^f^, ^:llSr>, Mi'-^i^i^ # 

Boorishly, arfr. In a boorish nuinner, ill;f^(^Pj^ 


Booser, Boozer, n. A gii/.zler of licjuor, jS [,!;•, 'j|3M 

Boosy, a. A little intoxicated, ffjill, Jf^. 

Boot, 71. Protit, S, ^ij, ^ij^ ; spoil, ]]^t%. 

Boot, r.J. To profit, f^^ij, ^ij, 

Boot, 1). WMili--; a pair of boots, — f^fft; leath- 
ern boots, Jjtlfi:; satin boots, lExM:; court boots, 
MWC\ celebrated boots from the capital, j^jj'fl:; 
square toed boots, -f]M.%\V sharp toed boots, 
^SHIft; water boots. i\<.Mt'> 'joots reachitig up 
to the thigh, ^; to put on boots, ^a, ^fft; 
to take oti' boots, IJIt^ft- P-t.^ft ; 'lie boot ol a sedan 
chair, ij^fg, M;Sll; the boot of a carriagx^ 
]^; a leathern cover for a gig, }^\^. Hifli^; 
boots, a sei'vant at hotels who blacks the boots, 

Boot, V. t. To put on boots, ^Ifj;. 
Bootcrimp, n. A frame used by boot-makers for 
drawing in and shaping the body of a boot, |f|; 

Bootjack, n. mit^^- 

Boot-tree, Boot-last, «. An instrument to stretch 
and widen tlie leg of a boot, Jfj;^. 

Booted, pp. or a. Having boots on, ^i^.^fi;. 

Bootee, n. A sliort boot, ^Jft, WWII- 

Booth, n. A house or shed, fiuilt of slight ma- 
terials ^. li_, M: ^iJ'il' ^K^ ; '1 lU'irket booth, 
^/£; a booth for vending liquor, j@'r^. 

Bootless, a. Unavailing, ^I3; unprofitable, 4* 

Booty, n. Spoil taken from an enemy in war. jj].', 
W^k- iV^H'^ *l''it \v'ii<-li is seized bv violmce, 

■iu# !»#j, .i,jji.v:fiv#j- rnsui^j. 'mi^'^m^ 


Bopeep. ». The game of hide and seek, U^ At^l > 
to pbiy at bopeep, $EMA. frti^lffiUl. 

Borable, a. That may lie bured, (iJUf. 

Boracic acid, n. \iM^t^. 

Borate, n. A salt formed liy boracic acid with any 
)jase, ^^iMW^- 

Borax, ^ n. A compound of lioracic acid and sodn, 

Bordel, Bordello, n. A binlliel, ^Q^, ■:£§i^. 
Bordeller, n. The keeper of a biolliel, jlgi/Jj. 
Border, n. Boundarv, ^, 5:?r- i^^r- 5l^^. ii?r, 

^f' iS. >i' ; "le c(mtine of a slate, il;Vii?S^; 
border states, ||j5[i, |f)i^; on the border, ^1^ 
^, >SJi; i^ border city, i#[i ; the liorder of a 
Idt, fr-^; a border stone, ^^; to guard the 
liorders, ^[^ ; the border of a burial ground, 
HM' llJ^ ; 'lie border of woven goods, ]^)^ ; 
the margin or edge of a thing, j^; an embroid- 
ered Ijorder. ^£^ ; the border of a shoe, ^$it 
m^- J*P ; 'lio li"n:ler of a dress, 3S|f., ,t:|^lli^, 
3!<M, liE-- f^- IS- W; '^ '<-'W«l l''"-'l'''- "'■ 'li« 
sleeve, ipii Ji,^|ii''^i|J,Sii; 'he border of the front 
of a Chiuese jacket, -%^^^jii'-^ ; the lined border 
on the neck of a Chinese jacket, ^^il ; a 
border round a vase or porcelain,^; a gilt 
border of a vase or porcelain, ^j^ ; the rnised 
border of a coin, iiflj]. 

Border, r. ?'. To bo contiguous to, ^, ^. 5§, ^^, 
SWi^^ift; '0 npproach near to, ^] ; to liorder 
on China, pf H!>C ^ ! "-^i 'lie East it borders on 
Chinn, %^^^%. 

Border, i-. t. To make a border, jK^j^. -Kj-l-fl^. ,||'<j^ ; 
to border a sleeve, H,!,'^ ; to border a shoe. ^-^ 

Borderer, n. One who dwells on a border, ^^^ 

Bordering, fpr. Lnyiiig adjacent to, 4^^. 
Bord-laud, n. The domain land which a lord kept 

in his liands for the maintenance of his board 

ortable. It^fiJtll. Itfi^^tH. 
Bord-man, n. A tenant ot liord-laud, who supplied 

his lord with provisions, {}t^:^. 

* Found in Titjet. 


( 142 ) 


Bord-service, n. The tenure by which bord-land 

was held, am^m. 

Borduro, n. In heraldrj', a tract or compass of 
metal, within (ho escutcheon, and around it. 

Bore, rJ.or;. To pcrforale. ^. ^J^. fi. ^^. 

m% if, ^, m- m- m m- m, ^t- m. # ; to 

eat through, as a worm. :^^. it.%. '^.-M.- 
^¥, ii ; to bore a hole, WM- MU- fl'nii: SI 
^. mil. fn5A:, §i|l ; 10 bore the cars, giif , 
MH' $i3 ; to bore a gMin, fiM^^ ; to bore 
or break through, S^^; to bore a cow's nose, 
^i{i^„ ^, m^; to bore through a wall, g 
^iPb^Ih' tIfJii' !iM; to bore into (he ground, 
tTMli' aUikli: to bore through a hill, ^ill> 
i|-llj, ffiS^UJ ; 10 bore through a crowd, ^j^, 
jgi^ ; to bore (hrouiih wi(h an awl, li^, $l) 


Bore, n. The caviliy of a gun, p ; the cavitiy oi a 
large gun, f^ ; an instrument for making holes, 
by turning, ||^; an instrument lor making holes 
by piercing, if^ : a gimlet, ^MM- WAt- 

Boreal, «. i.t^^. iim^- 

Boreas, n. 'the north wind, •\\;M,- MOS; ^ cold, 
northerly wind, %\^-\]:JM.- 

Bored, pp. Perforaicd hy an auger, Jlt^i^ ! f""!"' 
forated l.)y an awl, %i^'^; made hollow, Hiji^ 
'A: IMi^P ; wearied by iteration, ftpii^''^. ?f 

Borer, n. One who Ijores with an auger, fg_^, i^ 
•"K'A- Wi-iLiLA ; one who bores with an awl, 
MW-^ ; an instrument to make holes wilh by 
turning, g| ; a genus of worms, (ha( piei'ce 
wood, :^3^.. 

Boring, ppc. Piercing with an auger, ||i^; pierc- 
ing with an awl, ffj^, fffll; boring the ears, 
^if ; boring through a hill, j'f iJj. 

Born, pp. of <!-ertr. To be born. -^, UllO:, ^[lj^5, 
&1-'H^- vlilll- ^^- ^Hi^fl^ : born again, |£ 
^- ffi^- t:i; the tirst-l,(uu, ^gf , ^^, lip, 
"fi^-J^^ft ; the hist born,^ ^^; the after born,t 
^^ ; born within doors, X H^ ; born into the 
world, ^^lU:, ^Jl)*ilt- ^Jljilit : Ijoin oi heaven, 
%^Bi^\ to lie ivborii, in another bcdy, %^; 
to be born with knowledge. ^|f|)^D±.; to be 
boni a prince, ^M^S ; lorn before his time, 

* A term used for Sir, teacher. 

t A term used by ].iniil.s and friends when wiiting to one 
older than tbeniselves or to "horn tlie\' accord precedence. 

J A term nscd bj- iiu|iils, or \<\ teachers, when .spealving of 
them or of the adherents of their doctrine. 

*i£;i M^UgSl^ilifff^; born blind, ^ifij^, 
innMii; better not born. J.^\i^^. T^^D^ 
^; he is born in -Japan, l^^^'^H:*;, lE^B 

Borne, pi'-ol'bcar. Oarried, ^',§i, j^'^ ; suffered, 
]ji: 1 have suffered many ills, -J^a^SW^ 
i&il ; be has borne all (he expenses, Hifi-fES 
Hi- UJIl^fsfPlU ; I 'lave borne i( paliently, 

Borneo, n. iSlW. 

Borneo perfume, n. iS,||§. 

Borough, n. A fortitied city or town, J^, g,, g^-, 
J^g^ ; a body corporate, consisting of the in- 
habitants of a certain dis(rict, fjk^; a small 
borough, ^pI- 

Borough-elder, Borough-head, Borougii-holder, n. 

Borough-master, n. Oovernor of a borough, Jl,?,^. 

Borrow, v.t. To take from ano(her by reciuest wi(h 

a view to use the thing and return it, f§, fg^, 

% ftt. ffift- mi§, u M, m, #> £^, s, 

:fgft. ^fa > ii^, llWIia^ ; to borrow money 
on interest, f^j^ ; to borrow of, ^Iq ; to bor- 
row for another, '^;g ; to beg a loan, ^^, ^ 
ft ; to copy, ip; to imita(e, j{5;, i^, j^ji^; to 
assaine, if ; to borrow aid, j^JJ, ff f|//, fgA 
^J' M ! to borrow a name, ^^, fa ^ ; to bor- 
jow or buy on credit, f!^, J^, U^^ ; borrow or 
credit me for a while, 'Infill [>; to borrow and 
lend, fu^'fg -i ; to borrow or use a metaphor, 
fa't. iaW'k ; to borrow troops, ||ji^, ff ^ ; 
to borrow a knife to kill a man (to make a 
third party the instrument of injury), fg^Jlx 
A; to borrow clothes, fg jt • wishing to borrow 
they became enemies, gfg^tft.; to borrow 
without returning, MfliaMM^'f^iaB!^- 

Borrowed, pp. or a. Taken by consent oi another, 
to be returned, fg j^, ftAl^i^- !l^3!}5i§; assumed, 
iii^; copied, ipi^ ; imitated, j^i^, j^i^. 

Borrower, n. One who borrows, i^^, {!J,^- ; a bor- 
rower's note, ^H ; one who assumes, §^; 
one who copies, jp^ ; one who imitates. ^^, 

Borrowing. pi>r. Taking by consent, to be re- 
turned, fa- (EjJ («•!!?< ; assuming, g ; imitating, 

Borsholder, n. The hoad-)x>rough, which see. 
Bos, n. The ox and allied quadrupeds, ^^. 
Bosa, n. An intoxicating drink among (he Egyp- 
tians, obtained from the meal of darnel and 


( 143 ) 


hemp-seed, IJifg. 
Boscage, n. Thickets of wood, "r^^- 
Boschns, ?i. The coimuon wild duclc, 3!f||. 
Bosh-bock, n. A species of antelope in South 

Africa, ^^i^. 
Bosket, Bosquet, Busket, n. A compartment 

formed hy branches of trees, #^. 
Bosom. }). The liroast of a Iniman beins', and the 

parts adjacent. PJ. 1f . flil]1f . ^^M- WM- I'M!: 

18^, mm- )i:>m- z-m- mm^ ^t^m; '^'"'^race, 

as with the arms, |^ ; llie liosoni of a dress, ^ 
^. ^m : a bosom-friend.>^^- ^Dli- 5:11 

he is your nearest liosoni-friend. i:tm(^>'ij'1f ^ 
abosom-enemv. ftHM-l'^ffc- bosom-sin. ^if ^ 
P^lSf^P-^CvlfiP-^'^ilP; ^ Ijosom- 
thief, ^piijffeii. ^M- til'" bosom of the earth, 
i'kiH^- ilfe±.+- iili±4':^: tliP 'josom of the 
deep, J^yg; tlie bosom of tlie eliiircii. §?'^;V 
•iilS; in the bosom, if |M, 1i^)CJ.3|i. 
Bosom, u. <. To inclose in the bosom, ^3^>C>M. 
feS:'lf 131, ^^JK'li'i' ; to hide from view, M- 

Bosomed, j^j^. Inclosed in tlie lireast, 'r^j^fli^lpja. 

Bosominf;;. ppr. Puttinf;- into the bosom, 'I^iSJ^, 
WUmk- 1}k1i^\t^- embracing, as a fond 
mother her child, li^^, ^Q, ^i±, ^i- 

Boson, n. See Boatswain. 

Bosporus, n. A strait, ffiJfWttK- S±JSS§±- 

Boss, n. A stud, knoll, or protul)(>rant oiuianient, 

iR iBi. 5* m m- ^ m m- a m m tiH ^m-,^ 

prominence, 'i^fy^'J^^j], r"ltll±!f#- 

Boss, n. The master workman, filjf^:. 

Bossed, pp. Ornamented with bosses, ^j^. ^i§ 
:^; ornamented with gems. ||iS J^. WJ^&fi''^: 
ornamented with silver ornaments, ^^JM,Wl 

Bossive, a. Crooked, ^, MM- 

Botanic. Botanical, a. ^/(^^(j, ^:^m^ ^-^^, 


Botanist, n. One versed in the knowlege of plants 
or vegetables, ^^^, m^^^^- M^i^I^fc^, 

Botanize, v. i. To seek for plants for the purpose 
of botanical investigation, iM^^^'^- 

Botanizing, n. The seeking of plants for botanical 
purposes, iMW^^M- 

Botany, * n. The science of the structure of plants 
and their classitication, l^L:?^^.'^. f^7[<.-^M, 

mm^^^ i^^i,^- tE^^m, snmi- 

the native work on botany, 7^^. 

* That Botany has never been studied by the Chinese &$ 
a science, and that up to this moment they have the crudest 
notions respecting the classification of plants, may be seen 
from an extract made from the Chinese Materia Medica. 
The same is found in Morrison's English and Chinese Dic- 
tionary, pp. 48 and 19. " In ;i^s;:^^g (the best Pharmaco- 
poeia and Botanical book in China), the following are the 
ilivisions of plants. The word ^ is used for class or order; 
*Si for genus (genera) ; and ff , for species or variety. Of ^, 
or larger divi.sions, there are five, which are : — I ^31>i 'bat 
includes under-shrubs and herbs; 11 ^1?15, gramina, or 
grains serve for food ; III ?ggfK, edible herliaceous 
plants; IV ^^„ fruits; V 7f;*P, trees." 

These general terms must be understood with a good deal 
of latitude. Of the J;J, divisions or genera, there are but 
32 promised, and of these only 30 are given. Of the f§, divi- 
sion, or the species, there are 109i. 
Class I. 

1- lll^, hill or mountain plants, such as grow wild or with- 
out cultivation, including liquorice, ginseng, narcissus, 

2- ^^, odoriferous or fragrant plants ; the same idea .seems 
expressed by ^^- This division includes mow-tan (ifi^), 
peony, turmeric and other species of amomum daphne 
odcnata, mint and some varieties of epidendrum. 

3. Bl^, plants growing in marshy, wet places. In Du Halde 
called field plants. This division includes chrysanthe- 
mum, coclvscomb, plantain, varieties of hibiscus, plant- 
ago, canna, &c. 

4. #^, poisonous or noxious plants; plants, the use of 
which is attended with danger. The Knglish edition of 
Du Halde calls them "venomous plants." This divi- 
sion includes rhubarb, hemerocallis, impatiens (balsam), 

■5. ^^, scandent plants that want support. Included are 
some species of convolvulus and rose, cucumber, China 
root and honeysuclile, &c. 

''• 7^t,?, water plants ; acorns calamus, kc. 

"'■ Ti^j plants growing on stones or rocks ; as saxifi'aga 
sarmentosa, sedum and some ferns. 

8. '§15, the moss genus, including lichens, 

9. Iffl^, miscellaneous, or plants of a mixed kind ; to which 
are added 153 plants not used in medicine. II. 

10. fliili^fS;®, hemp, wheat, ic. 

11. f?r-g|^^, millet, maize, &c. Absolute certainty resjiecting 
those griiins is not possessed. 

1-- S?S*J!) leguminous plants. 

13. iaSSSR, gr.ains capable of fermentation ; or plants of 
whose grain is made wine and other drinks. 

Class III (herbaceous or kitchen plants). 

14. ^3j;^, alliaceous pungent and bitter plants. Du Halde 
says such as have a strong smell and taste, such as leeks, 
onions, garlic, mustard, ginger, &c. 

1.5. ^f^U, soft and slippery plants, mucilaginous. This 
genus is omitted in Du Halde; it includes lilium con- 
didum and tigrinum, bamboo roots, &c. 

1*5. tl^< plants producing fruit upon the ground ; includes 
solamim, gourds, melons, &c. 

17. 7]<^, water edible plants. Fuci? 

18. ^jiiii, such as agaric, clavaria, peziza. IV. 

19. Jilli, "the five fruits," cultivated or garden fruits, 
pi'aeli, apricot, rhamnus and different sorts of plums. 

-"■ lll;5i, hill or mountain fruits. Uncultivated fruits, such 
as pear, quince, diospyrus, pomegranate, oranges, citron, 
salisburia, &c. 


144 ) 


Botch, n. A large ulcerous affection, ^, ■§, ^^/g ; 
the part of a g-arniont mPiidod iu a clumsy raan- 
Jif'"' #5ii±'t- tdilii^.'^: ill-finished work, 
^{BX. mX. flil- i^lfill : a part added clnni- 
sily or unsuitably, J|li^P|f. ^J^|%. tailSmW- 

Botch, r. t. To mend in a clumsy manner, ^^, 
^miS: <f put together unsuitably, ^flRg'^ 5^, 
li^o fnl# : to botch a copy of verses, 5S'/il$ '' 
to mark with botches, flil^. 

Botched, pp. Patched clumsily, ^Sffjl, li.liJ- 
^fflfg? ; marked with Ijotches, W^, WAl^W- 

Botcher, n. A clumsy workman at mendino'. ^(li 
W-^- *)li[i%A ; a mender of clothes. ^^^R 
^- ^iM^^U ; a female botcher. ^^^^. 

Botchcrv, (/. That which is done bv liotchino-, ^ 


Botching, ppr. ]\hMulin,ff clumsily, ^{U^|, ^^. 

Bote, )i. (did orthography nf ioof). In law, com- 
pensation. %§^. ^g|g;fa:lR : ft compensation for 
wounding a jierson, fflil'/lg: a compensation 
for a man slain. :^i^X- ^fi^t^lK- ^^IIR- Jf 
^|g ; an allowance of necessaries, ff ^f , 1^. 

Both, a. Two considered as distinct from otliers 
or by themselves, * if, Zl- ^. ffl. ^f^.. ffi f@ ; 
both men, ^f0 A. H !??, ::^^ ; both left, - 
^II5±- ffii^ffi* : both arrived, j^ fg] ^; fij : 
both sides, ^i^. j^i§: both ways. ifg|«, ^n"F; 
both hands, fij ^. j;g^. — §f^: both that 
and this, (fl^jt^ : they attacked both by land and 

21- Mlfei foreign fruits, suoh as le-clie, longan, China olive, 
caranibola, betel or areca niit, cocoa, jaclc, fig. 

22. ($'1, aromatics, pepper, &c. 

23. SaSi plants producing their fruit on the ground. In this 
division are included the water melon, grapes and strange 
enough, the sugar cane. 

24- 7Mfe, watea' fruits, such as the water lilj', root and seeds; 
trapa bicornis, scirpus tuberosus, &c. 
Clas.s V. 

25. §;i\;J|§, odoriferous woods, as the pine, larch, cassia, 
rose, magnolia, myrrh, cloves, sandal wood, cedar, cam- 
phor, benjamin, asafootida, aloes, &c. 

2C- 1©^, tall-stemmed trees, as varnish trees, sterculia, 
hyperantliera, sapindus, willow, tamarix, &c. 

2'^- iM^, luxuriant or free growing trees ; mulberry, gardi- 
nia, ccrcis, calycanthus, hiliiscus, bombax. 

2S. 'S4ij jiHrasilic plants? Pavctta parasitica, and amber! 

29. •^:^, tlexilile jilants ; bamboo and tabasheer : from this 
and the preceding genus, it would seem that the supposed 
production of the plant is sometimes arranged under the 
general head. 

30- ^^, seven miscellaneous species, and short notices of 
twenty more. 

* The CIas.siKer defining tlie Noun, must always follow 
the Numeral. Vid. p. 1; and Autlior's Grammar of the 
Chinese Language, pp. G — 10. 

water, 7jC ^ 3& Jfe ; both perished, ^ ^ fS t ; 
bolh mother and child perished. #^fflC; 
both are right, R^"^^^. M^^^ ; to'take 
water with both hands, ji^7jc. #7K ; <o grasp 
with lidth hands, to seize with both hands, ^ 

^#c- m^m- Mt^ttfi- ffift^SM; i)"th 

died. i^i^fflSJEf; embracing with both arms, 
SS-^jfjft ; husband and wife fioth living to a 
good (lid age, ^^^i'(-^--^; bolh standing togetli- 
f'l'. :36i' R!i^-"lfi:ife: lioth' gentlemen have 
diued, mit-^i'Ji'T ; both are clever, ^^f^^x 
f^M; \V'> both have one, fllR fg ^— f|: ; both 
liieces are very dirty, j^ f4 Jj- J^lffdi : bot li of t hem 
are my scholars, JH J^ pq f@ ff; KJ ^^ ^ ; bot h 
many and great, 4^4;^. 
Bother, v.t. To tease or perplex. 'MPi^. riSPiil- Itt 

Pf . m^t- i*p%- mm- m^M- im- mm- mvM. ; 

do nut l)oth(n- nu' so mui-h, P^^fiSPiyflc : you 
must not bother him, ^fi pTfitlll'fE- 
Bothnic. Botlinian, a. Pertaining to Bothnia, ^j; 

Botryoid. Botryoidal, a. Having the form of a 
btinch of grapes, -mi]^-?i'tti, -^M^ 

Bots, n.j)l- A species of small worms found in the 
intestines of horses, ^^^-^h 

Bottle, n. m^ tt. n- ^- ffi- m'm- u- -#. m^-, 

a glass-bottle, JjX^J^^ SS^^if : ^ l'"".?'^ bottle, 
±m\ a small glass-bottle, immit^^^m 
f^ ; a porcelain bottle. %Mii-- i&7^M ■ =1 leath- 
ern bottle. JUg. jrfe^ ; a bottle of ale, —jjtDlf 
j@ ; a bottle of wine, —^MWMiM ', ope'i the 
bottle, ggri : a luindle (bottle) of hay, — H^ 

Bottle, r.t. To put in bottles, ^MM^^ Af$B 

Bottle-ale, „. 'M^mifV-i'^WM- 
Buttle-companidu, Bottle-friend, n. t<:^. l@;£ ; 

to become bottle-companions, ^\^^. 
Boottle-ttower, n. I^j^. 

Bottle-glass, n. mmi&M^ m^mn^- 

Bottle-gourd, n. Ctcurhita, /,ljii, if^, f^JJ^. 

Bottle-label, n. J^f,^/. 

Bottle-nosed, o. Having a bottle-shaped nose, Jg 

pf^; arednose, ^I^, i@#- 
Bottle-rack, «. fg^. 
Bottle-screw, n. A screw to draw corks out of 

bottles, tHJ?^, jii^JH. 
Bottle-squash, v. ]^^i^. 
Bottled, jrp. or a. I'ut into Iwttles, ^"H^j^B. 
Bottling, 2>pi: Putting into bottles, ^t^M- 




Bottom, n. The lowest part of anything, ^. ^f, 
MW^ /^' fit; *lif^ ground work of an cditieo, 
^:tl|; ; a dale, [Ij^; flat lands adjoining the 
rivers, •(]£ Jjfc ; the buttoni of a siiip, {^,h%; lo 
reach the boltoni, fij^, f^^, fg,^ : lo tlill to 
the bottom, J^JiJ^J ; at the botloiii, ^^f ; the 
bottom of a basket, ij^, [SM ; to examine to the 

• bottom, ^m^m^ n'^fm, tut'M\ ; '<> s" 

to the bottom, i!tr^7K, j'^T*- itfi]/j5- fii^ 
•^; the bottom of tlie heart (the jirinciples 
from whieh a person acts), ii^^, ii^\^^, )^]&\ 
how was it in the end? (literalli/ : when it 
reached the bottom), fiJygli'^clJS ; lie is good 
at the bottom, i. (>., he is well of and good prin- 
. cipled, iif&T'^UA', lo stand upon a good bot- 
tom, iT-J4)^)%; love was at the bottom of it. 
6^1)11- '^^miii- miS-miiC- i^t the bottom 
of the stairs, ^^i^^^f^i, :^^)^]; the bottom of 
liquor, tip; the bottom of a lane, ^j^, ^^ 
T® ; the candle does not show the boltdm, j^ 

Bottom, V. t. To build upon, ;^l]}i|S, -itWM^ 'JMjL^ 
j^^; to furnish with a bottom, ^ ti -S ; to 
wind round something, as in making a ball of 
thread, m^, 3^- 

Bottom, V. I. To rest upon, ^^, -^J:- 

Bottomed, pp. A flat-bottomed boat, ^'l&^,ij/l^. 

Bottoming, 2J25''- Founding, J^i^ -^fifjl:; furnish- 
ing with a bottom, ^^, f^^. 

Bottomless, a. AVithoiit liottom. J^|^. {^i^^.fjijj; 
fathomless, X>Pi'MM- X>P]'M' '"l"-' IJoKomlcss 

Bottomry, n. The act of boi'rowing money, and 
pledging the ship itself, Hii/tM, M1^ 

Bouchet, n. A sort of pear, ^ig. 

Bout, n. A weevil, 03^.. 

Bough, n. The branch of a tree, ;|^, fj}^, ^J}^, 
~^WM^ ^1^' trunk and boughs, f^#; the 
topmost bough, -ff,, #. ^, tf^-, jf^, tj;, |J}|;j;. 

Bought, pjY'^. and pp. of biiij, which see. 

Bought, n. The part of a sling that contains the 
stone, JHCta^ 1^it)k- 

Bougie, 71. A wax taper, \}^^ ; a long slender 
instrument, that is introduced throiio'h the 
urethra into the bladder, m^,, U||f'^. 

Bouillon, n. Broth, ^f^?g-. 

Boulder-wall, Bowlder-wall, n. A wall built of 
flints or pebbles laid in a stronn' mortar. >X^ 

Boultin, 11. A moulding, the convexity of wljih 

is one fourth of a circle, Jlf^lS' Blfih^- 
Bounce, v. i. To leap or spring, f|jlf^(;, f^ j^j;, ftj^^, 
^g^ ; to rush out suddenly, fli|U, '-S^fSMlH ^ 
to thump or bounce against, ^^, @^ ; to leap 
suddenly, i^^j^% fe'tiiS ; *" hounce intoone"s pres- 
ence, f»!]"A, CA; to boast, f^lf. 
Bounce, 7!. A heavy blow, ^M.^, ^g. f^^, 'jf^ 
^, ; a thump with a large, solid body, — ^, — ' 
®; a boast, f^Wm^ Ifz^ilW; a bold lie, 
±M^^ MW^t^^ that was a bounce, Ptf^ 

Bouncer, n. A Ijoaster, ftif ^• 

Bouncing, ^^pc. Leaping, iijl)^; liouncing with 
violence, ;p^, ^^. f|jft. 

Boum'ing, «. Stout, ^(if^. r^. 

Bound, 1!. A limit, frl>^. j^jig, il^Jl; the limit 
of indulgence or desire, J^;^^l>J)l ; a leap, — 
£)fe ; a rebound, ^M^- klJ^IPH '• *1'p '»unds 
of a country, gjJlilf?.; to set bounds, I^gfJ, 
JilPJJ ; amiiitiou has its bounds, i^lftjJlWIS; 
it has its bounds, ^g'l'K^ ; within bounds, ;^ 

Bound, v.t. To set limits to a thing, ^. !iRf£. ^ 
PJi. jtlM ; to set limits to one's desires, 51^^, 
IJS^ ; to mention the boundaries of a country, 
$m±i^^-, to restrain, Ufh PIf±-5lfi, 
ffifi. Mii. ; to bound upon, M, S"- "Ji ; to hem 

ill, fflfi- 

Bound, r. (. 'J'o jump, J^lj, i|;Jf : lo bound upwards, 
fe'tJe. JiJB ;'to rebound, JtiJj, raSMB0M' #J^> 
MMM-^ to fly back, as a door, tfilHSM; 
to fly back, as a stone, JtlgJ^®- 

Bound, prct and 'pp- nfhind. JIade fast by a band, 
ml, BL^, mT, #17, mi ; 'jound with fet- 
ters, ^m^i'^, $l[iT^W; I'ound. as a book, 

tr;i- frT ; ijoiind up, mf&- mmi- bm'M, 

i$M i ; homiA with a rope, S^lilltij^ ; liound 
Willi ratans. |j^|j'tv-||[jj"^ ; l)ound hand and foot, 
■?-JE,?ll!|f ; bound and without resources or plan 
to extricate one's self, ;^-^-M^ ; to be bound, 
as security, f;?if)ji'^. #lMffc. f^.M : o1)liged ),y 

moral tics, ^W\'^B- iJ^JTrS'sT, :^^±.'^- m 

^P^lf, 4FE^^,fnf ; bound lor, as a ship, %^^; 
what port are you bound for? ft>Si-3;>i-kPiS, 
ii*SI5|l; ice-bound, S^^T^gfrM- 0*^ 
fj^lSW; wind-bound, itll^t^fiW- "lE^S 

Boundary, n. Jf^. g;^, ^^. Trg. m, 1-^. 
5iM- •;iiI5, JK^. m- ^- i^ifc!^- 5ifci$- I'v:^- w 

^f , ^- jitK- ^iii m±- i»- It- :&ti- M- mm, 

^•, the southern boundary, ^ff, TS±.^^; 




the boundaries of China, cja l^i^a ^ ; tlie •'ad- 
joining boiindary. ^^. fiji^. jf^. ^|jg ; a 
boundary sloiio. ^^.frft: to n-iiard Ihe buiind- 
aiT' [S^^ftrr.Jft^iSiJ.itli; a boundary 
pass, B3 P ; ^ l>oundary liarricr. [|3 ^ji] : the 
boundary of a fiold, [HJ5!§-M:^"- ^i- neigh- 
bouring boundary, ^ip i^ ■ s'if) J^ : boundary of 
the liorizon, ^M'^ wiliiin the boundary, i^f^i, 
ii^^^^ido not ](ass the bounfhiry of pro- 
prietyT T.RliiJt- T^ni^^. #tU-f Jfili- # 

#ls^lll' to overstep tlie boundary of pro- 
priety, |§jji|; the boundary line between reason 
and passion is tiie Duo Medium, f^J^^M'f^,^ 
Bl-fi* ; tl^*^ boundary line between reason and 
passion (or equity and selfishness), ^^l^^ ^, 

Bounded, pp- Bounded liy, ^f , ^. Jl-Sg-J^ ; in the 
past, China is bounded by the sea. pj^l^^j^^ 
f§ ; in the south by Anaui. j^J^^'^. 

Bounden. a. It is inv bounden duty, -f^. flj 7[C ^, 

Bounding, ppr. Limiting, |5gf;fe, ;if,^; restrain- 
ing, PI^^, PIfi. m£: leaping. Jjt, flj^j^ ; ad- 
vancing witii leajis, %j^J^^'^ ; rebounding, ^ 

R, mm- 

Boundless, a. Without bound or limit, 4*1!^, ^ 

M' §^}^- Mi§' HI?T- M1U-. .*SI?. M^. ^^* 
4Sfl' ffi}|£"'iliy?tiifcK/^|-?Isl/^!'JJ#"-' ^ 

I'iJ-^S- .^3?H^: immeasurable, Sit^ ; the 
lioundless oeran, -/Hf^, •]§ fS, ^J^, :^-j[}^, ^^; 
boundless power, MWk^W.'-: boundless dura- 
tion, MPU;^I|Jf,^CJl:; in his desires, 
^'fS■^M• )\j'^k^M ; to enjoy boundless hap- 
piness, ijj fs**^ ; h) obtain boundless happi- 
ness, ^jpMHM- 

Boundles.sness, 7). The quality of being without 
limit, ^[5g^% ^MM- 

Bounteous, n. Liberal in charity, j^JS, f^JI, ^ 
'M' JKP- SSlfiV' disposed to give freely, ^ 
m, mmm ; generous, %^(^^, :^i;, ^^ ; 
kind, -.11,5, f-]^„ ijiji'^, ]^,xi- 

Bounteously, adv. Liberally, '^i^. '^m, ^;^, 

Bounteousness, n. JLinificence, Jjl^jg. j^P.g, ::A:^. 

lira:i:ffeT ; kindness, Bff. 
Bountiful, a. Free to give. ;^J£, ^-lig, iJ-JIS, 

i;S£ ; generous, '^±. %j^{i^. 
Bountifully, adv. Liberally, '{^«c, %j^^. ^^j^,. 
Bouatifulness, n. Liberality in the l)estowment 

of gifts and favours, ^^-^, gjflg^-, %^^, 

Bounty, n. Liberality in bestowing gifts and fa- 
vours, j^ jg^. :^t,s.^- mii^^^ ±!s^' m^., 

§t,!*!., figj*'., fg-,1*;.. »?3i : imperial bounty, ^ 
!S- BlS-M:k- l.,; a premium offered 
to induce men to enlist into public service, ^ 
m- ,S.B.B, m^ ; kindness, ^M- 
Bouquet, n. A hunch of flowers, ~^^^.—^%^; 

a large bouquet, — :{|^^ : liouquets, ^^. 
Bourdon, n. A pilgrim's staff, jlf Ail^fet- 
Bour^'oois, 71. A small kind of printing types, i]\ 

Bourgeon, v.i. To sprout, ■^■^, {IJi^. 
Bourn, n. A bound, ^^. 
Borunonite, 7i. An ore consisting of lead, anti- 
mony, copper and sulphur, $1:^5^. 
Bourse, n. Thi^ French name for an exchange, 

5V^. it^A^VJUf- 
Bouse, Boose, v.i. To drink freely, ::^tJ:?S. JS^- 
Bousy, a. Drunken. ')||@|. M@?- ^W^- 
Bout, 71. A turn, — ^, — f| ; attempt, —^\ for 

this bout, jlt— Bt; do it all at one bout, — ^ 

•fj^ ^ ; a single part of an action carried on at 

successive intervals, ^I'l^fj^. 
Boutade, n. A whim, ,^;^, WM- 
Boutefeu, n. An incendiary, 1^>K^- 
Bovey-coal, 7;. An inflammalile fossil, %''}^^. 
Bovid, n. ^^'i. ^Ulf, ^mm- 
Bovine, a. Pertaining to oxen and cows, ^^, ^ 

Bow, v.t. To liend the bodv in token of respect, 

t§, f^m, ^^ii- ^it^, #T-I?- m- ^. ji. tTl5. 

tT^ ; to bow the head to the ground, to knock 

thci.ead, |B#, $itff^, m^- mn- "iJM- m 

m. T-t. -(Kfr- ^;?-t : to bend the body, (ft|5, 
ltt#, im^ ^/f W- ?S^? ; t" depress, ^ ; to bow 
tlie knees, m%^ W\%- »'' sulidue, ^JR. UliE, 
jif fig: to bow one's will, i^g,, @ ;^ ; to bow the 
nations, %^. j£^RA.R; to bow cotton, JSpflg 
:^; to bow the liddle, |^ : to bow the hands 
even with the head, ^it^. 
Bow, V. i. To how down, or kneel, as in worsliip, 
]^T. ® 'Jf ' BUS.- ©Q ; to bow and kneel, ^B ; 
to bow in reverence, f^- ; to bow to the ground, 
ppg^, ^^y^ ; to ))ow to one, to nod or Ijow slight- 
ly, ^BJjfDM ; to bow in return, jl Jg ; to sink 
under pressure, fl^lj, M$[ '< he can bow and 
rise at will, ntMlJbf'j' ; to bow to (he empress, 

Bow, r. (■. To make a bow, in token of respect, f^ 
Jg, ^7-^15 ; to bend the body and making a 


( 147) 


gentle bow with the head, Pft^ffiD^—flS; *« 
make a bow and dopart. fjtJJlJ : three ijennflex- 
ions and nine bows with the head, ^^jl^\i ; 
to bow and enquire, PPP^ ; to liow and petition, 
PP^ ; to make six bows, ^:^'M- 

Bow-graee. n. m^ll Wi^WM- 

Bow-piece, «. ^B^fJi^- 

lk)W, V. An instrument of war and hunting, ^, 
^, ^•; a liow used liy mounted arcliers, ,^^; 
a pellet liow, 5f ^, 5^' ^- ^ doulile or cross- 
bow, ^, ;^; a liow made of horn. ^^ ; a small 
bow, ^. $flf^ ; a strong bow, ® f^, ^, ?|^, ^g, 

#. ^' ^' ^ ; '^ 1'''^'^ '^•^^^■' "JS ; !i i^i'o'o i"'^^' 

;^^ ; a wooden li<iw, iJE ; a drawn bow, ^f , fj; 
a bow unstrung. ?jfc. M^^- 'o gi"asp or hold 
a bow, ^F'f, it^ ■■ '0 );end the bow, ^^. ft 
^, 51^5- i±'M ; '"J^^'S and arrows, i^^. f^^; 
a bent bow, fj^. ^. ^^ ; a liowstring, eg, ^ 
5|^, ^, ^ ; the handle of the bow, ^^, ^: 
a bowshot, — |5J§ ; a painted bow, ^- ^^ ; 
the ends of a bow, ^, ^g^; a slackened bnw, 
^ ; sinews are used for liow strings, -^^f^^; 
to discharge a bow, J^fi^. 
Bow, «. The bow of a violin, O^i;^ ; to draw a 
fiddle liow, f^FHH-: ; the liow of a sliip. ^Wl ■ 
the bow of a junk, if^% : a support on a .ship's 
bow, ^•. a rain-bow. tl, %iS.' $g'. <lie bow of 
a ring, ^"gtlgl ; an instrument for taking the 
sun's altitude at sea, j^ IH : a cotton bow, 5^ 

Bow-bearer, 7i. An under officer of the forest, whose 

duty it is to inform of trespasses. ^^^. 
Bow-bent, a. Crooked, *f^. ^j^. ^-^9^. 
Bow-case, n. p^5S: 1, H^^k- 'll- 1^^ ^^ *1> 

Bow -compasses, «. ^j^. 

Bow -dye, «. ^fe. 

Bow-glove, ,*. 1$. 5V^&. iUi^- 

Bow-hand, v. The hand that draws the bow, ^ 

Bow-leg, n. A leg crooked as a bow, ^^Slflj W 

Bow-legged, a. Having crooked legs, ^^f^I^sf. 

*mm^ mum- 

Bow-maker, n. ^^W.■ 

Bow-man, n. A man who uses a bow, ^ A ! ^^ 

. archer, ^i A. ^n-?^- 

Bow-man, u. The man who rows the foremost oar 

■ in a boat, g^^^. 

•Bow-net, n. ^^. [^¥- 

• Bow-pen, n. A metallic ruling pen, ^^, f^-^ 

Bow-shot, n. The space which an arrow may pass 

when shot from a bow. —%^i^. 
Bowsprit, 7i.J|{5%\ ^WJ^ia^ WM; bowsprit 

bumpkin, 0MK P.ffi?^- 
Bow-string, n. ^^. 
Bow-strinn', v.t. To strangle with a bow-siring, 


Bow-window, n. Bay-window, a window jiitling 
out from the wall, as in sliops, ii!i[Uil)iB. ^IJiS,, 

Bowed, pp. Bowed the head. Jjjj^, gj^j® ; Ijowed 
the knees, }i^-^^$, SM'iMM: subduedr 5f JiSlil, 
j^ ; bowed (bent) to circumstances, /gi^ 

Bowed, pp. or a. Made a liow. ff-j§. i§.l§,, flJi^jB, 
^M- S!i§ ; lit*? --^ '««'. fa^. ill^PJlif^, ; they 
bowed to one another, ftliifllji- fifelB^I-- 

liowel. v.t. To take out the bowels, Jg Hj Hi, ^\] 


Bowelless, a. AVithout tenderness or pity. ^j^dS'i 

Bowels, n. i>l. Tlie intestines of an animal, Piljg; 
the entrails, especially of man, ||g-, K, IJI/K, 
EHI. BiOf, UtE, Pfi#; the five viscera, "- H 
P^- 3111'/^: 'lie interior part of the earth, j|^;V 
4*:^' illiJ^JJj'i bowels of compassion, j^.ljl;, ij- 
>6'J&-?J<li>; bowels in disorder. J&M.'^.^- E 
Ef&W: )]i)l!lT>f , m^%U\ engraved on the 
inmost parts (in gratitude or atlection), |g|f 

Bower, n. An anchor carried at the liow of a ship, 

BoMer. n. A shelter or covered place in a garden, 
made with bows of trees, etc., ^, ^^^, S^, 
Jj, ^; a bed-chamber, ||l| i^, I^;^ ; a shady 
recess, ^^j^. 

Bower}', a. Shading as a bower, jHf^; contain- 
ing bowers, W'f-"^' W#-fKj- ^^±,^. 

Bowes, Bowet, li. A young hawk, ^^lEff • 

Bowie-knife, n. A long knife or dagger used by 
hunters and others in the western states of 
America, %J]. 

Bowing, ])pr. Bending forwards. (Iflf, |^|5 : liow- 
ing the head slightly, fjf. ojif. tCP.-^ffi; bow- 
ing in reverence, ^- ; incessantly bowing, like 
parties avIio cannot part with each other from 
sheer civility, HDHtfj^flDJi; bowing a la chi- 
noise, ^ii; joining the hands and bowing, Jjt; 
ig# : bowing and parting, iif.ji|lj. 

* The five viscera are : — jC>, ^, 
stomacli, lungs and liidneys. 

heart, liver, 


( 148 ) BOX 

Bowl, n. A concave vessel to hold liquors, {g, ffi, 
;f^; * a larii-o bowl. ^: a wooden bowl, /JXlJii, 
«, #'. m- h- m- #■ M-^ drinking bowl, ^., 
g; vessels that may lie rendered both cups or 
bowls, t &. S^ ^'&- S- &, ^M, :^. M- &■ 
^; a lacker bowl, f^S^; a soup bowl, -Jf;}^ ; 
a paint bowl, ||ig,T^; a dessert bowl, ^^; a 
rice l)owl, fggB ; a punch bowl, :kM^ '' " ''^'^P 
bowl (for a native lamp), ^^; a silver lamp, 
having a top-bowl of the same metel, % ^^; 
a golden lamp, "| ^^C ; ^ fish bowl or basin tin- 
gold fishes, :^^£r; a bowl for measuring 
grain, f^^ ; the Iwwl or basin of a tountaiu, 
IR^K^; the hollow part of any thing, ^, j^, 
jf^; a bowl of rice, — 5%|g, —W-'^ ! =>■ 'j'^'^ "^^ 
wood, used to play on a level phxt of ground, j^ 

Bowl, V. t. or i. To roll as a bowl, ^Jj^, ^jMilJi' 
HH; to play at bowls, ^XJ^, ^7?^^^! <» '^o^l 
out at cricket, 5|jj^; the carriage bowls along. 

Bowlder, n. A moderately sized stone, of a round- 
ed form, U^.-kM'^.±M^'^ ablock of stone 
borne by ice, &e. from its original position, 1^ 

Bowler, n. One who plays at bowls, ^TMjjfe:^ ; 
ono who rolls in cricket, ^'H.M^M'M.M- 

Bowline, n. %% %f^. 

Bowling, j)fr. Playing at bowls, 4TJi-ift,^J^ ; 
rolling the ball at cricket, ^Jj^. 

Bowling-alley, «. WLB-W^U- ^TMiSlRB- 

Bowling-green, n. A level place (if ground kept 
smooth for bowling, iT-$.^%W$.i^ ■ '■^ pai'terre 
in a grove, lain witli tine turf. ^]i.^i^. 

Bowling-ground, n. See Bowling-green. 

Bowse, V. i. To haul hard, ;/j^, JJ^M- 

Bowyer, n. An archer, ^A^ItA; one who 
makes a bow, ^IS^IE. 

Bos, n. A coffer or ciicst, ^, |g, g, |K, g, ^ 
^, ^^ ; a metal box, ^^ ; a wooden box, 7|c 
^ ; a painter's box, vtbf^^ ; ^ I'-'iut box, |g 
g,^ ; a lacqu(n-ed box, f^ia ; a lacquered par- 
tition box, f^3!CA ; 'I' rattan box, ^:i: ; a 
work-box, X:^la-X^:^ '• ^ box with drawers, 
itfllM ; '^ partition box or tray for carrying food 
in processions, {iI'^^j^: paper boxes, eontain- 

* These three characters are interchangeably used for | 
bowls made of porcelain, glass or wood. 

■f The application of the word differ.s in almost each 

t These are names poetically used for lamp. 

ing paper clothes for burning, 
tinder or match-box, gt'Jt^^ ; a tnmk, j^^, 
^(i: a band-box, |E^; a pill-box, %;&: ; 
a partition box ibr sweetmeats, ^'^ : a snuff- 
box. Aigla, AiH:^; a hat-box, iH:^; a 
small box, Hf^, )]x|u ; a compass box, j^i^ 
^■, the compass box on board a ship, ||$M 
f^ ; a money chest, |Ji|g ; a strong chest, as 
used by the Chinese in the interior, ||5; an iron 
safe, ^15^,111 tp^J^fg; a bamboo box, g; 
the Liox of a couch, ^^. ^. ^f ; the box of a 
wheel, l^'sfl, Ig ; a seat in a play-house, f4\Q, 
Fralffl; " hox on the ear, with the open hand,, 

})ositor's letter-box, ^Pg : to be in the wrong 
bo.v, ^'\^; a box full, -^, -.^Pf^; a 
Christmas box, M^^lMMt^ '■• ^i'? 'fj) of a box, 
^"iJ3; how many boxes? ^^^Sl- %%-^^- 
Box, r. /. To fight with the tist, ^Y^^%^'^A'^ 

Box, i-.^ To inclose in a box, ^^, WM^^WM 
^ ; to take one's box, %^ ; pack vour box and 

I'e oif, 'i^mt; to box oft-, F^g3,>Blgfm; to 

box a tree, ^ij^^; " to box one's way through 
the world, i^TtEK- ' ti'^M'- to learn to box, 
^^X^' i^^M; to strike with the hand or 
fist, as to box the ear, —Efli^i- J^3 ; to 
box one's mouth, ^J|^E. 
Box-c(ial. n. An overcoat used first by coachmen. 

Box-drain, n. An underground drain, boxed up on 
the sides and on the top, and covered with 
earth, ^ig. 

Box-elder, n. Tlie ash-leaved maple, ^^. 

Box-lobby, n. Tlie loliby leading to the boxes, ^ 

Box-tree, n. The box, jlj+g- 

Boxed, pp. Inclosed in a box. ^i^j^:^ ; struck 

on the head with the fist or hand, ^j©— 'E- 
Boxen, a. Made of box- wood. '^■fB'l^fl^' ^tS-l^ 

Boxer, n. One who fights with the fist, f^^M. 

^-, tT*p«-, ^^«-, nm^. mwm ; one 

who teacju^s boxing, %kM]. fikf%,- 

Boxing, ppy.ova. Inclosing in a box. W,i^^-^ 
^ ; striking with tlie fist. ?i:^. ^J^Djj : box- 
ing one's ears, ^A3i j^l^P^i^^ ; 'o return 
a blow or box. 5§^. 

Boxing, n. The act of fiahting with the fist, ^J^ 

m^^ ^'^^i- n^^- ^T^w- nn- m¥m; 

to teach boxing, gt^p, litT^M- fitTftllf' 


( 149 ) 


W^fjX^ ; several bauds at boxing, j^i^^ ; 
to learn lioxiiig. ^ifj'^, ^iJ^^M'^ boxiug- 
masfer, l^^jfi. fitT&Hi^ ; "i^ ^''^ "'" >""'*^ '''' 
boxing, ^^i ; lioxing and kicking, ^t7W59: 
a combat with the iist, p|^^. 
Boy, n. A male child, in general under twelve 
years of age, ^J-, )h^, J-. iJ-Hl'liiff , )h^, ^ 

51. mh ^M- >h^i-- a^' ^T-- #'(fr- m 

^. ill*- f'?:f(sl : '1 wiiiting boy, fJf f^, i^ff. gV 

mm^ mt ; -^ «'•"■'■ ''">■• ft' ^^il^iP'", a serving 
boy in a school, ^\^; a house-boy, ^|t; a 
term used in contempt for a young man, ^^, 

^4ff' 'P^'A ; ♦" '"^ P'lsf '^ W. iji^T.fiSA; 

boys and girls, •^^, Jgg^: how many boys 
heve you ? iiy.^j^it'fi-ii\)''JL; I liiive one [)Oor 
boy, — fijjNig.. — f@J]^^ : a worthless boy, jS^ 
ifMU ; -i herd-))oy, ifift ; a bright boy, jpi|i 
M.- fflft! *'^ add a boy to a familv, '(^~y ; a 
lad, ftiP, m^- 
Boy"s-i)lay, n. Childish amusement. $B!l!'i'f^l'|f jjil, 

>h 5i lis' ±^,>]- 5i ;t PJl iJ 'J^ ^m ft^ ; any- 
thing trifling, 'di'lli. 

Boyau, «. ; p/. Boyaux. A ditch covered with a 
parapet, ilT^-iS- [=^- 

Boyer, «. A nobleman of Russia, |lii^flj?g|f|:^-;J: 

Boyhood, n. The stale of a boy, >J;:^, i)jif, ii : 
" up to l.ioyhood, ^fil):^T- ' 

Bovish, a. Childish, fi^lIHtlli. Kit ^i)K. m.T 
fii ft ^ "K, * f? P^- Im *'^ ff P^- >h m ^ I'Kj : 
bovisii conduct, fU'Hff Ifm^ : boyish ideas, 

ish disposition still preserved, ■g;^5^^^^l^ 
Boyishly, adv. Childishly, >pifmWi- (^1:^— 

Boyishness, v. Childishness, i\lM.'f'f^^-^f:^'K 

Boyuua, ?!. A hirge serpent of America. ::^i't'^. 
Bp. An abbreviation of bishop. <}f.i^Z^^±.W.¥' 
Brabble, n. A wrangle, P'^j^J, P||^!. 
Braccate, «. Having feathers which descend to. 
and cover the feet, ft$J.^6i l^fl^l^"!!- #€ 

Brace, n. A piece of timber, framed in with 
bevel joints, to keep the building from swerv- 
ing either way, ^%; a brace of a carriage, 

• 1^; a brace of iron, ^15,^; brace ofadrum,fj^|.i|; 
a bandage, f$. |S. ^ ; a pair, — SS, --f^: a 
brace of birds, —fj-'lg. H; a brace of ducks, 
„||ij|, — ffiHl ; a brace of partridges, — ffH 
j^ ; a crooked line in printing connecting two 

or more words or lines, '^^, f^J j£ ib' M^'i 
tightness, |?, ^^ ; suspenders. 'M^^-^- i§ 
fr#^; a pa""ir'of braces, —fj^, — M^ ; a 
curved instrument for boring holes, or driving 
screws, by pressure against the breast, 4f-|$g| ; 
a rope reeved through a block at the end of a 
yard to square or traverse tlie yard, $DJf,!S. 
Brace, v.t. To draw figlit. ^-.ff, ^Sft JiM ^ 'o 
bind close, f fi^^, |f ^. -^M- ^7^^^ ■ '" make 
tight or firm, :J2i'JM' ; 'o '"ake tight, $§?, ^it 
I?, ^|5; to brace up, ^^f^; to sireuglhen, ^ 
ih MUi ^^J; '^race it with your hand, fiff 

Braced, pp. Furnished witli Ijraces, M^^^; 

drawn close and tight. iiiYiig. iSMiS- 
Bracelet. 7i. An ornament for the wrist. Sc- f 'f, * 

mi ^m, ^rti, ^,^iic, mm^ mm • a gold 

bracelet, ^M.', clasps of bracelets, g[<!i|i; a piece 
of defensive armour lor tlie arm, ^'$'^. 

Bracer, n. That which Ijinds or makes firm, j^, 
^i^M^- iSM^ ; a luacing medicine. ^^^, 
%§lk, :kMM^ Itel^i^; a liracer (in archery), 
1-^; armour lor the arm, ^-i^. 

Brach, n. A bitch of the hound kind, ^Jfi)^- 

Brachial, a. Belonging to the arm, ^ (]'^, WK; 
brachial artery, ±#I])R^-. 

L5racliiale, a. Having liranches in pairs, H'li''lfi 

Brachiopod, f n. Uneof a class of molluscous ani- 
mals, having, instead of feet, two fleshy arms, 
which thev can protrude or withdraw. ^JE,^^) 

Brachman, Uramin, % "• ^'"l' of the sacerdotal 

order in India, ^^glft, ±^^- 
Brachygrapher, n. UM'^^^ M^l^^, ?5ft» 

e **• 

Brachygraphy, «. The art of writing in short 

hand, Mtf^^- tvM^^^ -^r"-*' *¥• 
Brachylogy, n. The expression of anything in the 

most concise manner, fjjjjpl, fM^^M' 
Brachvtypous, a. Of a short form, Sft^- M^U- M 

m^- mmm- 

Brachypterous, a. A lerm denoting that the wings 
of a bird, when folded, do not reach the liase of 
Ihe tail, mn^- 

Brachyurous, || «. Short-tailed, a term applied to 

* Bracelets made of gems are considered the most effica- 
ciou.s aimilcts against injury from falling, &c. 

t mm^- 




a tribe of Crustacea, comprehending the crabs, 

Bracing, n. The act of bracing, P[,^^. piU^- 

Bracing, ppr. Making tight or firm,^ft;§?. iSM ; 

a Itracing meilicine, ^^ ; bracing air, ^^, 

Brack, 7). An opening caused by the parting of 
any solid body, ^:, ^}^:. 

Bracket, n. An angular wooden stiiy, in form of a 
knee bent, to supi^rt shelves, &c., ffilj]^,'.f* ; in 
printing, nooks, inclosing one or more words, 
M0j^L iB'it ; to place with brackets, ^ f^fl?. 

Brackish, a. Salt in a moderate degree, HJ, ^|, ^ 

PP^; brackish water, m^mVi- MA<- 
Brackishness, n. Sallucss in a small degree, ijji; 

Braclea, Bract, n. An irregularly doveloped leaf, 
diti'ering from other leaves in colour growing 
out from the peduncle ol a flower, &c., frilf^'i'if 

Bracteale, a. Furiushcd with bract, ^''lii-^^M 
Bracteole, n. A little bract, $';((^±,Mif- 
Brad, a. It means broad, and occurs in names; as 

in Bradfold, broad, J^. 
Brad, ji. A kind of nail, without a broad head, 


Bradypus, n. The sloth, which see. 

Brag, v.i. To boast, f^=f, |f^, «|ii, ff^g, ijg 

m^ if-' MJ.-t^, %m- m^ W- if; '^ blusler, as 
otficials at their trihumils, l.'^|lf^;; to brag of 
one's atlainments, mf-U:^-, llf^jtfg, |§:|' 
Hbi M^^- J^J^Jifb! '0 bnig of one's wealth 
and respectability, "gf iL'g:^; ; to brag of one's 
merits, '^llJ^^. 

Brag, n. A boast, p§i;, 5^^;-^, |f gf. 

Braggadocio, «. A putting, boasting tcllow, :J^^$, 

Braggardism, n. Boastfulness, |i||f:^^'. 
Braggart, n. A boaster, |^P^; a vain fellow, 

Braggart, a. BoasttuI, f^t^'^U- 
Bragger, n. A boaster, ff;^^-. 
Braggct, n. Djijggj, Sgii. 
Bragging, ppr. Bonsting. f^^. i}^^. 
Bragging, n. Boastful language, f^'^W^'Hi^f- 

Braggingiy, adv. Boast ingly, gf^. 

Bragless, a. Without bragging or ostentation, ^ 

nz^fi m% M/?, MM- 

Brahma, „. ^}^%^J^^, jfii})^ {X^mA^lXitl^m 

Bralimin, * n. A priest among tlie Hindoos, j^ 
^^ ill5l, ^«l5ffilff;fc^. '-^ee^Brachmin. 

Braid, c «. To phiit, ^. |||, ^j, ^,^ ; to braid 
the cue or queue, ,j^^|f, ^jjf, ^JcJflf; to braid 
tJie hair. ^^^i. ^fg: 10 braid starch. ^-J^-; to 
braid rushes, ^^lli i.ijt:, ^ ; to braid a tape, band, 

&c., mil- 

Braid, «. A siring, cord or other texture, formed 

by weaving together dift'erent strands, J^,tj|. ^ 

j^; braid of hair, ^^g.Jllg. 
Braid, a. Deceitful, ^^^V^: hasty, fickle, 1^]^. 
Braided, ■pp.oxa. Formed into a brnid, ^'^, ^ 

i^ ; mingling by rubbing, }ff^. 
Brail, n. A piece of leather to bind up a hawk's 

wing. ^Plfj}'; ropes passing througli pulleys, 

mum- ~ 

Brail, v.l. Ji. ^■.. 

Brain, n. That soft whitish mass, inclosed in the 
cranium or skull, g^, HgV^. Wi^- WMi'- the 
form of the brain, |^^^: the suuimit of the 
brain, |^5I3; the base of the brain, fl^^g ; the 
two hemispheres of the brain, Bfa^^^iH?; 
the large brain, ;/,;§^; the small brain, ih^^\ 
the lateral lobes of the small brain, >J^Bf2z£^ 
]^|k'; the three investing membranes of the 
lirain, '^'^^]\izLM '- to blow one's brains out, ^ 
KM.'jc'- to have cracked brains, ^,^, W^^^ 
^»{i>^; that is beyond my brains. /j^'PlifeX, 
PS n fl 5'J- US il ^- "5 1 f# : no brain (to be 
stupid). 3ifEyfj)j-i<, *ity|iliiE|jgj; f(i have projecting 
jaws, (U' jaws broader than tjie brain. ^%^^ 
D" ; the brains not yet settled. MS^j*^; c-on- 
cussiou of the brain, SiSf^^S:; inflammation 
of brain and membranes, 3^i]S.!jj?E- 

Brain, v. t. To dash out the brain. Jt^SKMSii M 


Brain-fever, n. mpK&, WM'K- 

Brainpan. «. The skull which incloses the brnin, 
BjljC'I^M; tu'ainpan without skin or flesh, 
f|; the upper part of lirainpan. ^^. 

Brain-sick. a. Disordered in the understanding, 

mm- mm- mm- wmm- mmiMM- 

Brain-sicklv. adr. With a disordered understand- 
ing, sMiiiilL- #a- 
Brain-sickness, u. ?f4iS. 

* «15,trsiftflkS- 

* *:?c^^£ljlttA^S«#- 


Brain-stone, n. Madrepore. ]^3Ef . 

Brain-lhrob, n. The throbbing of the brain, 5H 


Brainish, a. Hot-liendorl, ,^.Wf^^P|f. 

Brainless, a. Without imclerstnniliii,2:. ^l^S^^^]. 

Brake, n. Name of various speeios of forn, ]|I.j^ 
^S. :^'llf®- ^W' ^ P''"''' overgrown witli 
brake, mM^tiiL' ^ thieket, ^:; a cane 
brake, )f ^. 

Brake, n. An instrnnient to break flax or hemp, 
^vM^^- t^HUMii- ^ '»sikfi""s kneatling-trongh. 
±mm.m^^-^ s-nitli's brake. ,t^ ^ : a 
heavy harrow, J;fg, : a maehine attached to 
wheels, to retard tlioir motion, ffeifiil. 

Braky, a. Full of brakes. Elj'r':^- WU- 

Brama, Bruma, n. See Bralima. 

Braml^erry, «. lll^^. 3M^- 

Bramble. 7;. A general name of tlio genus riihus, 
^, Mlt : rough as a bramble. fflifKi 

Braml)le-liush, «. A eollor-tion of bramliles grow- 
ing toccother, ^]^t^ ; full of jirieklv shrubs, 

mm- mi uw.'mm- 

Bramble-berry, «. lU^^F, M^f- 
Bramble-net, n. A net to eateh birds, ^. 
Brambled, n. Overgrown with brambles, ^f^. 
Brambling, Bramble, n. A species o( frinfiiJIa. 

the mountain finch, '^^. 
Bramin, n. Sen Brahmin. 
Braminep, Brahminess. n. The wife of a Brahmin, 

Braminical, a. Pertaining to the Bramins. ^\i% 
.>I5ftfiV; pertaining to their doctrine, ffilf-iHi 

Braminism. n. The religion of the Bramins, ^5 

Bran, n. The proper coat of wheat, rye, &c., ^ 
J[5, *^^: bran bread. ^i^l^Sl. 

Branch, n. -^ ; branch of a tree. *j^. tJif^, |i^. ^, 
^^■- 'Si- ^' ''•' branch of a family, 'jcM- 
\&-^(^- n branch of the ocean. Jg;?:^?^.}!^;!]^: 
the branch of a river, IJ^, M^'JlfJS.. it-Mil^- M 
■gj- ; a road diverging info three branches. ;^ Y 
f§ ; a road diverging info two branches, Y [[§. 

and branches (of a tree), ;($$^, il,^tk: Immches 
and leaves, ^^ ; the to]imost ))ranch. ^w -, the 
main branch of a tree, J£^ ; the main liranch 
of a river, JE'JC\ the branch of a tribe from 
the principal wife, ]£(1| ; the secondary liranch- 

* This is more strictly applied to bran, whilst the next is 
more generally used for chatf. 

( 151 ) BEA 

es of a tree, ^^•, a side branch, descending 
from a concubine, ^■^^, ^^. fH^tiJ, fg'lj, ]& 
HJ ; root and branch, ^^. ;^^ : tiie family 
is divided info many branches, —'^^^f\^'3C 
•M- iM^fff : of lliP same branch, [p] j^, M'JC 
■^H: the I'anfon branch. WMi : 'lie twelve 
branches of the cycle, +Z1;J ; the celestial 
stems and (he terrestrial liranclirs. J^^ltfe;^; 
branches of fhe bridle, |||^. Ig^; a pilot's 
branch, ^ 7JC A ;^ H^f : to esfalilish a branch 
business. g3if|; a liranch business, ■3>if|. 
Brancji. v. i. To shoot or spread in liranclies. ^ 

fe. ^i. ^m- f33i, ^m^ m^. Ki, ^w, 

ai: fo brancii off. ^. ^}^f\ ; fo bniiieh off or 
speak diffusively, WJ.-^m.W- sftlifiiSS. gfi ; 
to branch off, as a river. ^'{1^: fo branch off, 
as a stream, -5}.ff • ■5>ft ; to branch off, as a 

Branch, r. t. To adorn with needle-work. i^:^^. 
Branch-leaf. v. A leaf e-|-owing on a branch, j^ 

Brancii-pednncle. n. A peduncle springing from 

a ))rancli, J^'^^4'^-. 
Branch-pilot, n. See imder Branch. 
Branched, pp. Divided into liranclies, ^|i(i^.g3 

Y%- ^i®i?E: adorned with branches. %\ii^ 

"JC; furnished with liranclies, Mj^'^fl^. 
Branched-work, n. ;^i'ijf, ;fiX. 
Branchery, n. The ramifications or ramified 

vessels dispersed through the pulpy part of 

fruit, m;>£iji- ^m^m- 

Branching, ju^f. Shoofino- in liranehes, g^;^, ^ 
Branching, n. Furnished with branches, as trees, 
Branchless, a. Desfifiife of liranclies or shoofs. M 

ti. Bm^- linked. *^fii %^m- without 

any valuable product, J^Hfy. ^P^. 
Branchlet, «. A little branch, a fwig, ;^ff . i)]^. 
Branchy, a. Full of branches. it^Si \v\^1!l^, 

fiil^S^. ■^" ; wide-spreading branches, ^^:f^ 

Brand, * »). A burning piece of wood. ^!\^'jn. 'X 
M.- 'XJk', ft stiek of wood partly Imrned. ^p^. 
^: a thunder-bolt, ^^g'; a branded mark, -^ii] 
^ ; a mark made by burning. ^^HPittg^^. >X, 
fi5- ^M'- to deface a branded mark. j|B|^iIl!l 
!^ ; a torch. i^^G, — tG'/C- 'Xm- a stiiinia. J^ 
M- M%' ^ mark of disgrace, '/Cjtff, ^^ ; a 


( 152 ) 


disease in vegetables, ^;I3t, ^>^; to cast a 
brand upon one, J^^.A, f^§ A- 

Brand, v. t. To mark with a liot iron. >)^, tTTf]!!^^ 
tit^W. '■ to tattoo or brand, as criminals, lliil^*, 
fi- .l.'i'fffil- MS ; to stigmatize as iulamoiis, ^ 
§' 3fi#-' j?5 ; *o brand the throne, pilfJi. 

Brand-goose, n. A species of wild goose, ^. 

Brand-iron, n. A branding-iron, ^-fllPfJ.^: an 
iron frame to set a pot on, fUtJllJ. 

Brand-new, a. Quite new, |l[,Sf. ifSfP^- gj^B/]. 

Branded, pp. ova. Marked with a hot iron, ^Jjg 
TfJitS. jt^igriJ, tTi§nf)^ : tattooed or marliod, 
as criminals, filig, fiji^^: marlicd with ink, 
Si§ ; stigmatized, jji^gji. Jfiigjl. f^fia ; 
branded marks, jjiij!^. 

Branding, ppr. Impressing a mark with a hot 
iron, tfl'-l]'):^, ^THDIE; tattooing or marking 
as ci'iminais, fij. jjiij^^ S ! stigmatizing, ^^, 

Branding-iron, n. An iron to brand with, f|j(r[J, 

'^■Wi \im- 

Brandied, a. Mingled with brandy, i;jl.J|ini^.g^i 

Brandish, r. t. To flourish, as a sword, j$. |$.^: 

to raise and move in various directions, as a 

fl'ig' MW,- UM ; <o brandish a spear, Jf ft ; to 

play with, jjp^ ; to brandish the sword, ^flj, 

MMiMTl'' to brandish the arms, M^; to 

brandish and rub the fists, ^^^M- 

Brandished, pp. Raised and waived in the air 

with a flourish, Jf ■§, $||j§, j^-^ ; ho brand- 

islicd his sword, fljl^jitflj. 

Brandisher, n. One who lirandishes, %^. M^- 

Brandling, n. A kind of worm, ^^, i:n|,illn43I, 

Brandisiiing, ppi-. Flourishing, ^'i$.-M-W'- brand- 
ishing the sword and pursuing with the club. 

Brandy, ;?. An ardent spirit, distilled from wine, 

i^ia- Dl^a^MM, Hf^i®. H?1M, 'Kin ; peach 

lirandy, f^'jjS ; cider brandy, ?jS|fi'i@ ; bi"andy 

from milk, ff^fcffj?. 
Brandy-wine, )(, Brandy, P|([^lJ)liM- 
Brangle, v. i. To squabble, IVJ;|!iJJ,'if|^'J. llgil. 
Brangler, n. A quarrelsome person, filjla- ji"!;!^ 

Brank, n. Buck-wheat, a .species of jw/^^onfo)!, 

Brankursine, n. Bears-hrcech, a genus of plants, 
Bran' in, n. A species of fish of the salmon kind, 

Branny, a. Having the appearance or consisting of 

! bran, ^^P|E, I^Hg^, 

Brant, n. See Brand-goose. 

Brant, a. Steep, ^\i^. 

Brant-fox. ?!. A small species of fox with black 

feet, ,Jxj!l^1i^. 
Brasen, a. Made of brass, ^fp)!'^. 
Brash, a. Hasty in temjier, gcjj, ^,^. ^,i§. 
Brasier, n. An artificer who works in brass, ^ 

Brasier, n. A pan for holding coa's, ^=\-. 

Brasil, n. See Brazil, 

Brass, n. An alloy of copper and zinc, of a yellow 
colour, ^^: lirass-ware, ^Ifo]^; a brass 
candlestick, ^fi]:^M- : ^ '"'^^s kettle, ^|p1'|s, 
mM^ '• l'i''iss buttons, llBllJtgtJ: brass wire, ^ 
MU:^ i^^il ■' to engrave upon brass, ^^^; 
the age of brass, "^^ILl: ; impudence, ^^. 

Brass-band, n. A company of musicians who per- 
form on instruments of lirass, as the trumpet, 
bugle, &c., —mk^^ — Effi'fctTffe- 

Brass-foil, Brass-leaf, n. Dutch leaf, filvf , 

Bras.s-paved, a. Hard as brass. ^i^PlI" Jf- 

Brass-visaged, a. Impudent, II§^^. 

Brasset, n. A casque, ^, WM.- 

Brassica alba. n. ^^^ |?.^, i^ Hif?^, ^i? ; bras- 
sica rubra, ig:^", ^filjl; colewort, ^^^.^ 


Brassy, a. ^^ft^, "^WU'^ having the colour of 
brass, ^^il'lfe ; impudent, Pg^M^; ""Pu- 
dently bold, gf ^. 

Brat, n. A child so called in contempt, §^, ,^ 

^sff . mm- 

Bravado, «, A brag, |f P , ff |f f^, i^.'I^. ^|f , \^ 

■=0 If ; an arrogant menace, j^lg, ||fsX. 
Brave, r,. Fearless of dan£;-er. ||. ^)ia. ^S, Pflj 

M. M^tt.^iiM. f,st »]^, tm- mn^ ±^^ 

nm- m- >\jmmt- mm ■■ ^oMy or very cour- 
ageous, ffiif nil. 1)11 ^^-illj-lia.Jin®: : noble, ^ 
M.- li-K- ^m- 1l%U^hfh • '■xrcllent, ^, i'j;||, 
^, if ; diii'nilied, 6)(.SiI,, ^^^ : a lirave fellow, 
H H . « ±- ^li ±. W llli m^ W- lia % ; a brave 
soldier (or patriot), H^;, ^M ; 'i brave or 
dignified deportment. f^MMM- 

Brave, n. A Chinese patriot, a soldier of tlie 
municipality, ^±. |11:||, jA^Ht- ,KM : ^ vil- 
lage brave, j^^Wi-W^j- tk^'- '^ '"'"i daring 
bevond discretion, ^fim^^i^A- WM^UA^ff 
B.^, W^i^^- ¥{^^- ^(^^ ■• o'l the front 
and rear were the braves, n^ffj^SP^H. 

Brave, v.t. To encounter with courage and forti- 
tude, g, 4:^-, M, P5t&, ^ttft ; to^brave death, 




f 5Ei 14?B. fEffiJE ; to lt>rave danger, ^M.M 
^; to bravo suspicion. "^ifH : fo brave bois- 
terous weather, "pfJUIil^. I'S^tfiUlM ! to Lrave 

oou. w^,\fm-'it'm\in-^^'im- I'^ve it. 

Braved, y)/?. Defied or met willioiit dismay, 'r/j^, 
¥(i^,^\^ ■■ lie I'raved deaili. ^ -g?^ ; preteud- 

Bravelv, >idi: Courao-eoiislv. fl^. '|f-5*, Ji||5^. 

^JIii:>-M^.^.|J:i64i:^-Prrl'fl4'tfi : lie defended 
liim bravelv. |5Wif!j',f|il.t(1-1^fl(',fE :toaetbrave- 
l.v. ^-^W.-JJ- ^EWrJj ■■ <" act iicroically. :ip^ 

Braverv, ». F(virlessness of danger, .^. |ii3iJti5;:V 

.^.||;5; gallantry. ^3^. 
Braving, jrpr. Setting at defiance, ffj". i^. ^fi- 
Bravo. «. A daring villain. ?SM, 'I5sftij(. ^tl%- ; a 

murderer, ^l^. 
Bravo, Intryj. AWll done! H"^- iTIf!- iff- l$t 

i/t- WIS}, J^l 


Brawl, r. {. To ((uarrel noisilv and indeeentlv, IJj; 

11. mn^- ^m- liSii'- ??. ki-?- i^ds- urn- 

Brawl, r. f. To drive or beat awav. (fJ-^-^-^-iS 
Brawl. «. Noisv eontention. ±\^j^W^,, H^^, ij^, 
Brawler, «. A noisv fellow, \^p\W^i,^PW^^A. 
Brawling, ^)y;y. ora. (,»iiarreling. |?g, IJi;''};]. P® 

Brawn, n. A boar. }g^; the flesh of a lioar, |^- 
1^ ; eol tared flesh of a l.ioar. jf |^ n^ : t he fleshy, 
niusenlar part of the liody. riiEft|,'>t^J ; fat meat, 
HEI^: museular strength, i|if4E. iffif^- PJiJfil; 
the brawn muscles of the arm, ^l%M\!^. 

Brawn, v.t. To render strong. iJifcii.iEfg, fji^if.fij. 

Brawned, a. Brawny, strong, ^^i!$,. 4|v|i- 

Brawner. n. A boar killed for the tabic iglJC^Jf,, n. The quality of being brawnv, ^ 

^±. iliftl •• hardiness, mm^fi. " 
Brawnv. n. Havin": larii-e, strong mu,scles. 4/-Jg 

Bray. v.t. To pdiind or beat small. ^. Jf : to bray 
as an ass. ^^, ^B,; to make a harsh, disa- 
greeable, grating .sound, I'eJl'g,'*^. 

liray, «. The harsh sound of an ass, j^n.gj, ;^p;j., 

Braver, jf. ( ine who bravs like an ass. !I]||i'Jl!g 

Braying, p2)r. Pounding, ^, ^^; making the 

sound of an, {1|.^1'J|(:'S; "oise> I^b.^- 
Braze, v.t. To seder with an alloy of l)rass and 

zink. #^i0^i&iTn. amm-i'&^u: to 

harden to impudence. ^MWfllZ'- 
Brazen, a. J\[ade of lirass, ^fl^fKj. ftmH%- "^^ 
WU- "mmm^ ■■ impudent Jffi]lij;iP[^. pni^m 
i"^-; the brazen au'e. flpjili:. ^iit : a lirazen ves- 
sel- ^m^- 

Brazen, r. i. To be impudent, J^fS: to liully, pg]!^. 
Brazen-browed, a. Shameless. P^^D^- 
Brazen-faee, ?i,. An impndimt person, Jj^ljj^, J$. 
W)k^i- ^uWM^i '• one remarkable for efi'ront- 

Brazen-faced, a. Imjiudent. VJ^^Tti^i- ^^1136^, 

MM Sim- 'i^BM^ j^nsjffefKj- ir>#-}- 

Brazenness, n. Appearance like brass, ^^^I'jjji;^; 

excess of assurance, "j-'^^. B-^- 
Brazier, n. fJ^^UA- fiiU^Wi ■ ^ warming pan, 

>xm^ mm- 

Brazil, n. The empire of Brazil, EWB- 
Brazil-nut, n. Juvia, or large walnut, '^^,t^W. 
Brazil-wood, n. A heavy wood, u.sed for dyeing 

red, S|:^'C. 
Braziletto, n. An inferior kind of Brazil-wood, 

brought from Jamaica, f^tf.:^'C. 
Brazilian, a. Pertaining to Brazil, EHgfl^- E 

Brazing, n. ff. 

Breach, v.t. To make a breach, or opening, as in 
the walls of a fortification, fij. ^ifi. ^U/c jjc 
55- ^T5S: to hvosich a wall. Jtfc?. igM- rjcM 
M- 4T!tM;K- WMilS,- to breach a wall with 

• artillery. llg^M- 

Breach, n. The act of breaking, SjcH^-^- ^J/fi'^; 
the broken space, ^.^g. 0lU. U- W^^^^ 
^; the state of being liroken, 5^"^. J^g: a 
breach of law, JB?*- T('i- =FW- tit?*- tuf^ll- 
•t?i ; a breach of peace. ^I^. '4S5- 1^ifi<;- fl 
^- ^^J ; :i breach of duty. ilh^-M^-^^^^ 
^ ; a breach of promise, ^U-^U\k- '^'s% 
in- ^^ip}'^ ^ breach of faith, ^ff : a breach of 
ciiitract. ^Pj. i^pj- a breach of friendship, 
J£5i:- W\^- mjftl ^Mi?^,- fliei-o is a breach 
(of friendship) Ijetween them. iil^fifM.- ^ 
breach of morality, WMit- l&ZB- iU^m^ 
^£?i- l!5:ltJ ■• a breach upon the kingly power, 
^iff : bereavement, |!|/£; a rent or cleft, ^., 
Wlk- FnjE^' ; a misunderstanding, ^'f^: a breach 
on an enemy, '^f^. 

Breachful, a. Full of breaches, ^iMiCf^^- 


Breachy, a. Apt to break fences, iT-Mi^'-i^fi^ ; 
unruly, UWU^ ^m%- 

Bread, «. A mass of dough, made by moistening 
or kneading the flour or meal of some species of 
grain, and baking it in an ovan or pan ; a loaf 
of foreign bread, ^Q, ^Sjf ; a loaf of bread, 
—'l^^nl, -"f^@'S: a loaf of native broad, 
%^M- 'SIf ; leavened bread, HWUW^- M 
#%^a.: unleavened liread, ^wkW^'- ^1"' 
feast of the unleavened bread, |^,i5^||j ; food in 
general, g, :^if^, gg, ^, p |i. ^it ; wheaten 
bread, ^%'i^,\ rye bread, ;]^^St!|I: econom- 
ical bread, ^-^^H; to raise bread, |f ^ ; 
'tis no bread and butler of mine, P^H^^S-; 
bread and butter warehonso, :^j^"^f^: to get 
one's bread, n*,^]* H , f^q n jPi H • m^ B ^ ; 
to lie thrown out of bread, ^.XjkM, ^^M, 
5iSJy:ll4 ; lilt' people thriiwn out of bread, pj 
,K "" ^M- S'ive us this day our daily bread. 
^Bmm^B^^m- ^ ^'ice of bread, — ^^ 


Bread-basket, n. ^Q^, M^M- 
Bread-chipper, n. A baker's servant, ^"eltif^ltl; 

an under butler, ^±^, M^i^k'k^- 
Bread-corn, n. Corn of which bread is made, J\. 

Bread-fruit-tree, ?!. Artocarjnis, ^-jlj'ifj}, ^3'i-t»}. 
Bread-room, n. An apartment in a ship's Jiold, 

where the bread is kept, ^SJi^, MttW- 
Breadless, a. Without Ijread or food. |!S:^J19, f^ 

BreadsfutT, n. Bread-corn, 3Ifx'- weal, ^|^. 

Breadth, n. The extent of any plain surface from 
side to side, tir«^. r^3g, \i\m. JpJ^, ]^, $gi], 
^m; the breadth of calico, ^tiifemi- flj± 
^.^; four rooms in breadth, qMifflPo]; Uie 
length and breadth. MWb U¥i: -Am'^ tlie 
breadth of the river is 1,UOO IWd, ipiM—'^'Jc ; 
not a hair's breadth, — '^Si5M- 

Break, v.t. ; pret. broke ; pp. broke, broken. To 
rend, M-^^TJw-ftl-^teK-^T-Ml: to break to 
pieces or sliatter, fr^.nfmft WfT^^iMMf^- 

nmmm, mm. mw- m^hmm^ i- «'nd 

apart, ^tl3 ; lo lireak asunder, ^. mm- U^^ 

im- mwi' mt. mn. mu- n^n. n. tn, ii^- 

#• m-M- $i; '0 '"-'^iik. s],oil or destroy, ^Ji^. 
mm. ^lSirr> Stia. Siif4% SSiS- tui: ; <o make 
breaches, as in a wall, :^Xfi$, ■Ri^ : to break one's 
power, jfiJ;. flffc, M^Mm'. to ^^^'^^^ one's 

* The four classes of people are the ± J^XSSi '■• '^- tl'c 
literati, the farmers, the mechanics and the merchants. 

( 154 ) BEE 

courage, M4l-^^' to tame, as a horse or bird, 
WiBl ^f-ili : 10 make bankrupt, ^|f 7|S; to break 
the law, jBf#;. JaM- f /*• Ti^ll; to break a 
contract, ^^^.}. 'M^. ^MPh ft?§^ ^53; to 
break an engagement, f|f* : not lireak an en- 
gagement, /f,^,Q:: to break a promise, ^ff. 
Kit. ^m- S: P ; to break an oath, ^^^ ; to 
breaic the ranks, ^ffffi. ^I>f fE ; to break a 
stick, ^jij. iff ii; to break bread, «^ff; lo 
break, as a glass (liy aceidenf), $gf^tT^i ^^ 
^T)i; to lireak intentiouallv. ^jfl^; to lireak 

open a door, iym?"]- m^)^n M^n Mm 

JgP^ : to lireak open, g|gH ; to break one's neck, 
rrll'i*. i^ll; to lireak bad habits. ij:M- BM, 
f^M; to break silence, ^^1 mM- ^tf3 □• Ml 
!§.-9t ; 10 break one's sleep. ^ \\§, Mit^: to 
break a match, ig ^{^ jft fj, 4gMf ; to break 
one's vows. ]xM- "hM' to break the seal of a 
li'tter, 1)3 a. ^'m, if^in- mU- to break the 
ground, to plough, i|^[H; to break ground or 
escape, x!^^; to break prison, Ji5 Si ]In i^ : to 
lireak one's mind to one, f^/^t^fi hlk- p!|*6 
^flfp ; to break a business, flj^. 0ff ; to break 
one's brains, HHiji [IR. ^-WMB'^A'. to break 
wind, %^, ^^ ; lo break a jest, ^^W, Bf 
^tk ; to break down, ^Ip, Mx- ?Silp ; to break 
off company, ^/, [i!. fffi^^ : to break up a meet- 
in.e-. til-'lii^'- to break up a school, "t^g, 
itttlj: to break one's heart. Wm >l?^'\f} ■ ^'' 
break bulk, P'fj|^ ; to break a deer. ^7Jfig. -J> 
•^ ; to break cover, jt^flj. fHiU ; to break fast, 
:t^^; to break ground, to dig. i^. [jn^JL. §ij 
Jjl; to break off', to discontinue, t^; lo break 
an egg, 5&- 
Break, r. i. To separate or part, as a rope, |f)} ; lo 
break as a branch of a tree, when bent, jlf . jjf 
Hi; lo break in the middle, Jlf |I( i^^j^l ^)ff|*- 
t|if,l]f)j : lo lireak, or open, as a tumour, '^. fi4', 
^K : lo burst, bv dashins affainsl anvtliiuff. j^, 

mm- im- mm- mi nm- mm - to get a 

liole, ^l^H, ^m- to get a crack, ^, fiS-^, 
^}^\ ; to break, as ice, ^ ; to break, as one wlio 
fails in business, (li^g. ■^Jii, fHfr ; to break, 
as one's voice, ||{£j. m^ '■ to break, as a bus- 
iness. Ilgffti;, M.^'- '0 break, or fade, as one's 
beauty, ;JJ]a^^ iJSlJLt- 'J^l W> ^f?? 1 "'o day breaks, 
5C(il^I^: the weather breaks, Xif, %% : the 
wine lireaks. iJS^IJi; to break down in a car- 
riage, if jjl; to break forth, as light, ^p|i^, ^ 
pt/^gj; to break from a company, Wnfii- #1 
^:t^lii; to break in, as a thief, fe'll A-IM^ffij 




A. m^lWlA- m^WlA; to break looso, J^^, 
M^ ; to break ofl', as a flower or hvig, f|g, jjf , 
^ : to lireak out, as a disease, fj, ^ ; to break 
out into joy, .S,^al£Ji^ "'P'^ ! to break out into 
tears, ^l^-^.-Q.fMi^'^' to break out into 
laugiiter, ^^ji^,Jii^ ; to break out into pimples, 
fj^H^tiii- ', to l)r('ak out with the small-pox, tU'fg ; 
to break out as tire, ^>K. !K'^^. iKi^- MiK'jk^ 
WM'!"' ■' to break out, as a river, 7KjRiiiiril!. iiil 
?Kri)li- ?il!ilTi5iS; to break out, as war, \\i\%i 
i'k' fjT^; to break through all restraint, |^'( 
Tt^)* ; to shnkc oil' restraint, f^fr, l^fj ; to 
break through all difficulties. B'kWifk'^ to 
Ijreak up. as a company, ^, ^p^; to break up, 
as an o])ideniic. ih. jh.S. ; to break with one, 

Break, h. A stale of being open. &!;, ill|!|!'^, ^^S^^^ 
^?K' ^.'4'' ''11 <ipening made bv force. {$/§ ; 

a pause. S5c-,a- Si; P . S^st- W P ■ f?af . m^, 

^^; a line in writing or printing, noting a 
stop in the sentence, M'nlill- —j%, —li- — ff 
S|!f ; the break of day, 0., %M^, %WFi- ^ 
'Jj^)]- f& H M;5. ; a lireak in architecture, (niJl^j. 
Breakable. «. ('apnlile of being broken. pJ'jfi'J. Pf 

ft Pirn- ^m- nj fi^ ^m-PlWi- PTti?' ff^fl- 

Mfi. Mi^f mn- 

Breakage, n. A breaking, M'^- ^jM'^- im nllow- 
am-e for thins-s lirokeu. in transportation, llg- 

HI- mi !!S^- 

Breaker, n. A violator ; a violator of the law, JQ j#; 
^iiitr^ '■ a rock which breaks the waves, ^ 
1%^A^M.^\^^vii.^H'^ the wave which breaks a- 
gainst a rock, kjifkW-^' 'i^WM^- ^ destroyer 
(Micah l,l;l.). mn^- 

Breakfast, «. The lirst meal in the day, ip.4>. ^ 

B, ^-'&, mm- WTi, ^fJfi-^; breaklast'and 
supper, ^^u ^iJJ0<njtf>R : is breakfast ready ? 

Breakfast, r.l. To cat the lirst meal in the dav, 

t^:^. tip-uR, mm- rmm- 

Brenkfasting. ppr. Taking the first meal of the 

Breaking, ppr. ova. 'f^, |^. ^g. ^ ; failing in 
business, ■^j.'t: don't fear breaking your ribs. 

Breakneck, )i. A fall that Ijreaks the neck. Jjtjjf 
IS'h" : a sleeji place endauo;erin!jr the neck. ^ 

Breakwater, n. A mole or other obstruction at the 
entrance of a harbour, &c., to break the force of 
the waves, 7jCl^. 

Bream, n. A fish, cyprinus, ,|f 
(jibdioides, f|P;R\; the lilunt 

i(ri i cyprinus 
lica(h'd bream, 
cyprinus ahbreiiatus, i[;^'§*|!|p, l^f^[; the 


red-tailed bream, cyprinus auratus, 

Bream, v.t. To Ijurn ofl' the filth from a boat or 
ship's bottom, ^jf^, ^./f*. 

Breast, n. The breast of a woman, /(IJ, jig, -j[j; ; the 
breast of a man, general term, Jlfj, jji?jlj't-, f^j/jg, 
iJ^J Hij- m- m, miiJ, m, IK^, llZrg ; the heart, 
>l^>; tlie conscience, ;g^{:;5^,j% ; the afi'ect ions, 
If, tttw, JlHiM ; a tine breast or liosom. ^iji^. ^ 
^1J, ||?L ; to exiiose one's breast, ^|]i^. {,3^: to 
open one's breast, ffij/^jj^v Wi)\LSMi>fi : ^ f'l'''il 
at the breast, 0;?L^[!till!!l'.ifj'- iikyji,m, l'||)?L 
;J:^; to take from the breast, M^l; to beat 
one's breast,* ff ^ ; to beat the breast and 
stamp, for sorrow, flfJfTj-ligli^. ^Titj-P ; to rest 
on one's mother's lircast, ^^£■^'11^4' ! to keep 
carefully in one's breast, ^^H]^^^, •;f,:^]li^f^, 
'ffjS'C'il ; diseases of the breast, ^y^' ; acute 
inflammation of the breast, W(%'X', chronic 
inflammation of the breast, ^^I'X', neuralgia 
of the breast, JLHi^r/fi; 1"''^ abscess of the 
Ijreast, ?L'.l^; enlargement of the breast, % 
ti^i:; tumours of the breast, ?L±,I^^; 
cancer of the breast, f [;)^<| ; to lay up in one's 
l->reast. WMtl-m-Wt/m^ ; in one's breast, 
^f^+'^'C'll-^jii'^E; to walk abreast, — 
fdfr, 3fe^MlT ; t"' keeps his secret in his 
la-east, SvEII'PSsf ■ ^.mi^Ml S^J^Wl; it lies 
on his breast, mmmi^- mi^^il^l^ • alMse 
and ungenerous breast, §[>Wl^A- U^fM^^A- 

Breast-band, n. A rope or belt of canvass passed 
round the body of the man who heaves the lead 
in sounding, 'MJIUM- 

Breast-bone, n. The bone of the breast, Jlisj"!*, ^, 
fgitf ; the thorax or chest, |I,^)]f ; eusiform car- 
tilnge, Jli^TM'g-- 

Breast-casket, n. :^^fc'tlfi- 

Breast-cloth, «. HE, '-^9i- 

Breast-deep, a. Breast-high, ^J5jji»j, ^aJJii)Pl}-]^*. 

Breast-high, a. See Breast-deep. 

Breast-hooks, Knees placed across the stem 
of a ship, to strengthen the fore-]iarl and unite 
the bows on each side, ^•J[]^^]l%\^'. 

Breast-knot, n. A knot of ribl.ions worn on the 
breast, m^, Jl^M^^- 

* Luke 18,13; Luke 23,48. For breast see E.xodus 49,25 ; 
Job 3,12; Ezekiel 23,3, 8 and 21 ; Ps. 22,10; Lameutations 
4,3; Hosea 9,14; Isaiah 00,1(5, cbapt. 00,11. 




Breast-])in, n. An ornamcuial pin, fixed in the 

linen near the breast, Jl^$[, jjisj P^f- 
Breast-plate, n. Armour for tlie breast, 'i"J]i^Pp, 

1)6 ¥ : mm, m>i^m- m 'bm, >i^ ^ ■ m, fi m-, 

among the Jews, a part of tiie vestment ol the 

high priest, H&±.lit- 
Breast-plow, n. A plow driven li}' the breast, used 

to pare turf, $ti^ • 
Breast-work, n. In lorlilication. a work thrown up 

for defense, \i$m, i'm, ^SS, i-.g. M- 
Breasted, a. Having a broad breast, ^^Jl^ : having 

a tine voice, #^- 
Breasting, 2W- Opposing in front, f^Jl^, fj-og ; 

breasting up a hedge, M^IB\i\, M^IBM- 
Breath, n. The air inhaled and expelled in the 

respiration of animals, ^,-^,t., P m.-^M-^'M, 

p^A, ^um- *iv n- p$- I'tH- pg- pf- IS"- to 

be out of breatii. ^prfj, ^V^. slJ^^ m^fM', 
shortness of breath, .^H, ^^ifi, iiln., ||il^, 
^li; to let a horse take breath, p\^: foul 
breath, ^m. ; to l"*''^ one's breath. M^^-Mm.- 
MM.; to the last breath, fiJiJ^fiaiJili- Ikim 
^g; whilst there is yet breath, —,|/n5]#^-fiW6-I 
^ ; warm breath, |@ : to take a breath of air, 

im^, n-WU- ^-m-W ; lite, iE-m,^iSr; 

a breeze, ^M. l-Ifl/ill : there is not a breath of 

air, —^mM^MWsiUM^MXk^ ; a bi-c^th 

can make them, —^Pii^jji^ ; to take a long 
breath. ii\i±,^. — P^; to fetch breath, tg^^. 

Breathable, a. That may be breathed, pT-J^I,?] Pf- 

Breathe, v.t. i}\^, P^^. ptjUiJ.;, ^. |{c- lii-S-; to 
exhale, UJ.m.Pf i^,|t;.pj^#-l(fl#: to inhale, IJK 
^•iJ:a.lSM#-m ; to breathe hard, ^tlj|^ 
M, I'l'filM ; to In-eathe through the nose, ^MP[ 
^, ff^. (#:; as long as I breathe, j-HMltA. ^ 
Wii& ; I'c breathes no mure, $g^. |)jiC : li'? 
suticred them not to lireafhe, P^^fyj^fE^^^- -li" 
1Ea^«l5Pg^4!#tir' mfil^mm.^- to breathe 
after, ^, Pgi^A'^il; to Ijreathe in, PpIA^BI. 
P}?A^B.3; to breathe again, fej;, 1^/^. fg^ ; 
to brealhe a Utile while, iJciaTi.Hf'T-f'jitltl^-'l'-'ii. 
^—-E.Rg. m.^—l^J^ ; to rest trom action, ^k 

Breathe, v. t. To inhale air, i^\^ ; to breathe pure 
air, i4l?.' ^'in^^ '• to lireathc nothing but 
vengeance, VA^.^. fj^^ ; to breathe on any- 
thing, PPI^, ii% ^. l@ ; 'II breathe on one's 
hand (to warm them). PiilJtS^-. ii'/,-^. I'l^^: I" 
breathe a word to one, at^lBlp^lUitt- i'^ftiiAJl;'^ 

f^ ; to breathe one's last, to expire. ^^, |S 
^; to breathe a vein, Jf^Ji ; to breathe out a 

sigii, m/i- mm.- ±.%- 

Brealhed, jtp. Inhaled and exhaled, Pf-liii^,!'!!^. 

Breather, n. Une who breathes or lives. Pf(gl#,fg 
Wi £■' ^iLM'^- ^^^^ ; one who animates 
by inspiration, Mii^-,.!.^^-, ^liSg- ; one 
who warms anything by breathing, PiiJJS^- 

Breathing, pj;)-. Kespiring, \^^,i''\^; wliilst 
breathing, Pf-li^ilPal ; breathing vengeance, |f 
Um.Jk1l^M\ breathing happiness, Sf.^Rf^. 

Bre^xthing, n. Bespiration, Pf-ffi , Pf fgl ^- ; a gentle 
motion of the air, lUM.. ^siM,; the breathings 
of the Spirit, ^Hn^i^l^Wi ■ ''•'^pii'ation, ,^.^^, 
Mt^^ '■> uneven breathing, ^'^^l^.; one brealh- 

Breathing-place, n. A pause, IJ. 
Brealhing-time, n. Pause. ^4#-ll#, FjJcH'pJl.^, ?j)cM 

Ji.^, i?jj;^ii?f, si.f^Jit, f^^n*. 

Breathless, a. Being out of breath, -JiPa^ ItglHt'.J 

B, ?E J' ; to be breathless with joy, ^f\]^^] 

Breccia, ?!. Eed breccia (marble). ^E,g;.^ ; breccia 

osseous, ti'-^J'S*^- 
Bred, ^jp. of hrccd. (ienerated, ^i§, aliS : well 

bred, m§m^- mm-'MWMMm^-mm 

m\ ill bred, PJilll^jpf. ^iitjf|ffl^-. +.]-f|pPK : bred in 

Loudon, mimm^^m- %%mmm' mimWM 

P|5f : to l:e bred up under, ^\^^f ; bred a schol- 
ar, im'^'M- f -X^jM- their malice was bred 
in them, ftli^lfillxffi-- 
Breech, n. The lower part of the body behind, ^, 
Mf]£,M ; the hinder part of a gun or anything 
else, fi ; the breech of a gun, fifP^ ; the breech 
of a cannon. 'j:gfi ; a breech-loading gun. P^./^ 

Breei-h, v.t. To put into breeches, ^-#1'. ^IdK; to 
whip one, ^J^gl ; to furnish with lireeehiug, 
as a gun, ^ItJfJ ; to breech a cannon, '^'^ 


Breeched, pp. ova. Put into breeches, ^j^fli; 
whipped on the breech, tTMM'i' tTiS^0. 

Breeches, ». ;,./. #:, f^'f).]!. I^li?. tf, «|g, SM: 
short breeches, -^^ Fj| fl'i'- fe #'• Si f^ ; «'»''!' 
Irowsers. |[>li^, ^j^^/- J]^|l!i ; a pair of breeches, 
— (i,f;fjilt ; liri-eches with a seat, but with oix-u 
front. Ijgti^^li ; lirecclies without a seat, as worn 
by children of the age from 1 — 3 or 4 years. ^ 
^B- ?f . M ; to put on breeches, ^^.ji, ^0 ; 




m^m^ m^. 

the wife wears tlio brecclies, 

BreechiEg, n. That jiart of a liarnoss whieli comes 
round the brooch of a horse, also called hveech- 
land, iS^w'i ropes with which cannons arc 
lashed to the sides of a ship to jirevent their 
running hack, ^g^y. 

Breed, v.t. ; pret. and ]ip. bred. To generate, ^ 
^, ^^ ; to lireed duuiestic animals, ^'^^■ 
^B 19- ^A¥. '^^Ai^ ; <o l^i-eeil eattle, ^ 
^,^; to breed horses tor the government, ^' 
^.ITgE; to breed horses. ^,t§ ; to breed ani- 
"lals, 151 ^it- «l^',i^fl."^t'7\M ; to breed 
\ermin. A^^^i, ^^■, to breed trouble, Mil; 
to breed misrhief, ^^ ; to breed enmity, j^Sft.- 
^fl?i&. ^^B- i^SIE. ; l^^ 'Ji'ocd children, 4^ ; >o 
bring up, ^, ^ W ! 'o luring up and educate, 
Uc^ ; to bring up and train, as animals, ^f.i£; 
the hawk breeds the hawk, M^M^- 

Breed, v. i. To produce, as a fa'tus, ^ ; to licar and 
nourish, as iu pregnancy, ^. ; to breed in and 
in, ^Ip]t^ iilMlSI ; <o breed on the ground, ^ 
Ml'^ ; lo breed in the trees, ^f^j/^tij ; lliis worm 
Ijrecds in the wood, tJ^^^^f^ta'A. 

Breed, n. A race or iirogeuy Irom the same parents 
or slock, ||, g ; mixed Ijreed, * ^'■|i^, ^$j|( ; a 
dog of good breed, AT-MJfij, ^liTl^-Jt- i^mH^ 
a numljcr ]iroduced at once, — ju f]^, — 'iju^''^ ; 
a hatch, — J4li ^ ot3spring of man, ■^^•, ^i^' ; 
ofljspring of birds and beasts, ff ; the otlspi-iug 
of cattle, ij^; cross breed, i§^ ; to cross an- 
other breed, i^fiilM. 

Breed-bate, n. Une who breeds or originates quar- 
rels, iIP>1i^, i/-^|?%A. 

Breeder, ji. The female that breeds or produces, ^ 
^'. l^.^': f£^'- lt# ; IIjc person who educates 
or brings up, |i3|^-, %'jCH^ '■> ^no who trains 
animals, ^|it:#, S?J.i!i)l|^ ; a breeder of horses, 
#^.^^'! 13 A ; she is a good breeder, 

Breeding, ■pitr.ova. Bearing and nourishing. ^ 
S'^^-^W; Mlucaling, |i^'; breeding 
manners, jfiff^. 

Breeding, n. The act of generating, ^H^-; the 
raising of a breed, ^^^- ; the raising and 
training of birds and beasts, J^fiS^l^; edu- 
cation, fif . |5;ji, fiW^- ticW±.i^ : ;i ["-'ison 
or persons of good breeding, ^Dfiiig' 5:fl±. 

A, miu±.A- 

* Applied to man it means illegitimate. 


Iff, ^rmi 

Breeze, n. A genus of flies, technically called <a6a- 
««.S BiWB. ; gi^d fly, 11^, T^aij,. 

Breeze, ». A light wind, {gtliut )|i(^fj'-, ^gj.. ^fj^, 
,t:lllll- Ml- BS, m, M; a land-breeze, llj /i^ ; a 
sea-breeze, jg.)|[; a cool breeze, ]}l^. ^i§>l jg- 
Sl-yK-Si: ii pleasant breeze, f^j.^: a favourable 
breeze, )m§l A^f-Bi- '^ shifting 
breeze, i;i.!iAll; a gentle gale, -/j^gij., .^gii ; a 
steady breeze, ]^^]), 'jilM,; a gentle rustling 
breeze, |||. 

Breeze, v.i. To blow gently, ^"g 

Breezeiss, a. Destitute of breezes, 

Breezy, a. l'\inned with gentle breezes, ^MJ^^; 

subject lo frequent breezes, -JgW^fflL^'j, ^M, 

Brehon, n. A judge, ^g], ^pj. 
Brennage, n. A tribute or composition, which 

tenants jiaid to their lord, iu lieu of bran, which 

they were obliged to furnish for his hounds, 


Brent, u. A brand-goose, which see. 
Brephotroi'hy, ;(. The nurture of orphans, '^'%^, 

Brest, Breast, n. The member of a column, more 
usually called tovits, fiUl-i^- 

Brest-summer, n. In architecture, a piece in tho 
outward part of a wooden building, into which 
the girders are framed, ^j-.^. 

Bret, n. A local name of the turhot, I^J{\. 

Brethren, n. pi. of brother. It is used in solemn 
and Scriptural language, in the place of broth- 
el's, %"^, ; brethren by covenant, |^£^. P} 
^>X) ; brethren by religion, \p]fii%t()- brellnen 
by patriotic sentiments, ||^|fi; members of 
one society, -^ ';Zf^ ; gentlemen and brethren ! 
^'Jfi5lL>^^;lfcthren! >i^)^. 

Bretlices, n. pi. The name given by miners to the 
wocdeu suj'ports for the roof of a coal mine. ^ 


Breve, Brief, n. A writ directed to the chancellor, 
judges, sheritis, or other officers, whereby a 
person is summoned, or attached to answer iu 
the king's court, -g^Ulg. ^'^W<- 'S'te Brief. 

Brevet, n. In French usnge, a document without 
seal, by which the king grants a favour, pri- 
vilege, title or dignity, ,i^^i.=i[j', ^|g ; a commis- 
sion to au officer, which entitles him to an ho- 
norary rank in the army above his actual rank 
and pay, ^X^. 

Breviary, n. A compend, gj^, IJjg, ^^, ;]^5|; 




a book containing the daily service of tlie 
Eonmn Catholic Cliurch, Ijlj'^t H &!)i> (^ili) 

Brevint, Brcviale, n. A short coniiiend, ^§. 
Breviaturc, n. An abljrevialion, which see. 
Brevier, n. A small kind of printing tj'pes, t^^ 

Bi^oNipi'd, a. Ihiving short less, as certiiiu birds, 

Brevipeuuale, a. J)enoting grallalory birds, hav- 
ing short wings, iis the ostrich, M^^l?- * ^ 

Brevity, n. Shortness, '^J|Jf ; conciseness, fjij^-fei 
(E. tilil; conciseness in speech, ffijlf. f^fg, 
Pirn. «J g, ms. fmiLs, W-Ji.-^- I'l-evity j 
in writing. ^'X- i 

Brew, r. t. To make Ijcer, ale or other similar li- 
quor from malt, jfg. figjg, fC(^, jtfM- WltfM I 
$|; to make beer, Tfim^.'-m^-'i^^M^A^-"^ 1 
^m ; to mingle, J?.tJ, fu^J, i«ii, fll?.S : <o 
plot or brew mischief, l^'^, g|||:, ^^-, f^^; 
to brew wines, IgjjS. 

Brew, r. t. To Ije in a state of preparation, fBffj ; 
to be collecting, or forming, as mischief is brew- 
ing. Wi^lM^. f.l 51^; a storm is brewing, 
"MSilli'f'^ ; I" perlorm the business of brewing 
beer, ^Dj^.j@. 

Brcw", n. The mixture formed by brewing, jj/f^ 

Brew-house, n. A lirewery, ^!fji%'i^^. j'H'iii^- 

Brewage, n. ifalt-liquor, ^#j[5. 

Brewed, p/). JMixed, lla^Jj^ ; fermented, (ff j^ ; 

made by brewing, ^fcj§, ^jBj^, 
Brewer, n. One who brews, ,^;^^i@^, ^:kM 

Brewery, h. A bi-ew-house, ^jg;^, @|ig;^, i^ 

Brewing, ppr. Preparing malt litjuur, ^-X'Sc-'M^ 
H^il^Ji ; in ^ state of preparing, ffJ ffi'j : con- 
triving, %^. ^, ^\, /^; a storm is brewing, ^ 
atf^,Mffi^ffi,gSH?f5; mischief is brew- 
ing, m im t- , m wjl^^ m ii # ?i ff^ /t i • 

Briarean, «. ,Many-handcd, f^f^l'l'j, ^^^IH, ^ 

Bribe. «. A gift or favour liestowed or promised 
with a view to pervert )iidgment, R^'Hif, ijti'ili- 

?, m^^^ nm- mm. ^mnm. mm- m^ 

Klf- m^- MM-. I" bike ..r rereiNc bnhes, % 

f.J. %m.: :f m ^}E SiHI, 'S-flft'- Smnjili, 

g-;'.7f^. "Mi; to use bribes, /plSft', ijt^^^ 
^, -Olillft' ; to promise bribes, fiW^f^^^, fi"^ 
^; to seek aid by bribes, ;:iPilnvJ<. JBI^^E 
•(^ ; to covet bribes, %\}]\, %m \ "^ offieer who 
takes bribes, %Wi'^M'^.^%\ to take bribes 
and pervert the laws, S^MjSgJS A- ^l^^fefi; 
to seek for by means of Inibes, ;]^|^ ; bribes 
are everywhere used, PJESjlfr; bribes are 
openly employed, 8ft' US ^ ff ; inditierent to 
bribes, ^iAliif^lId, llj-:^|s]_; to gain by a bribe, 
IflRAi^; that which seduces, |^i^,^l}!|^,j51f 
y|i ; to refuse bribes in the public service, ^gg 
^^ ; large bribes, Y4M- 
Bribe, v. t. To give a reward with a view to per- 
vert judgment or corrupt the conduct. Bfj^, 

m^ m^^ mm^ m^ti mm, jb^ms, m^^ 

fiffiHtf ; to bribe, as a child, ntmil )\m%-^ 
to bribe a policeman not to be seized. ^^. 

Bri bo-devouring, a. ;J£g. %^. 

Bribe-pander, n. One wiio jirocures bribes, $^, 

Bribe-worthy, «. A\'orth bribing to obtain, -(jU^ 
Bribeless, a. That cannot be bribed, ^^^6^, 

Briber, n. One who bribes, -^flf g, JBfet'^^. 

Bribery, n. The practice of giving or taking 
rewards tor corrupt practices, infill ^H^, ^^^ 
^frSftllffiW^; g^iilty of bribery, jQffi; brib- 
ery is ojienly practired. RftUff ^VtT ; the corrup- 
tion of bribery. H'g t# li?!^ ; to get a degree by 
bribery, 'M.IUB- 

Brick, n. {i|,}|, |i[ ; a kiln-burnt brick, iACJ5|, fl^ 
$#> 'X.'l^ii'il% \ sun-dried bricks or adobe, ijt 
Ji^'ili^' ; liricks moulded but not burnt ordried, 
54Jy[: ; a square briek, :^5|,fi|iJ{feJi|:,flr]i#.: brick 
t^'ii. l%iii ; to lay bricks, ^t^JJl ; bricks and tiles, 

Brick, r. t. To lay or pave with bricks, JlJiil, ^/L 
&5^-MJlll ; to imitate or counterfeit a brick-wall 
on plaster, Pa]Ji|4?«; to brick up, or till with 
bricks, f"/.fa^^||. ^MMkU- 

Bric-kliat, n. A fragment of a brick, glj^iiJ^;. 1% 

Brick-built. «. liuilt with bricks, %1%.WU.^% 

Brick-clay, «. Clay used or suitable for making 

bricks, l^lj^^. 
Brick-dust, n. Bust of pounded bricks, 5|>/^. 54 1^- 
Brick-earth, n. Earth or clay used for bricks, J^ijll- 




Brick-kiln, n. ^^. 

Brick-layer, n. A ii>ason, iJtvKW- iJtKU^ iJty]< 

]]rick-inakcr, n. One who makfs bricks, jaSS-^' 

m%um^ mjtm^^ mnMi"^- 

Brick-noggiiig. n. BriL-k-work carried up and lilted 
in belwoen timber framing, M-tEJIh- 

Brick-trimmer, n. A brick arch built against a 
wooden trimmer, in front of a lire-place, to 
prevent accidents bv fire, |5§i'^';!^S*- 

Brick-wall, «. 1113*. " [ift. 

Brick-yard, n. A place where bricks are made, '{i$ 

Bricky, a. Formed of luicks, 'Ji|.I'^. 

Bridal, a. Belonging to a bride, ifj^fi^j, MUk'"^, 
rnWU^ UfA"^; a bridal song, tmW- tlie 
bridal dress, jjf ^f4 ! nttendanls at a bridal 
procession, gl^fj) ; bridal ciip, * /^^, 5tT> ; 
bridal chamber, MM- ^f('4<J?f '■ hridal orna- 
ments, "tfiif. JgJilil; a bridal portion. i§;fi£, fl± 

m^mum'^mMm'ih- ''nfi='i visit to her 

parents, [gp^. gf'^i ; bridal letter, E^Jll'tf. 
M.m ; '"-i^lal chair, :^Um- 
Bride, n. A woman newlv married, ^fiifi. Jifif , 

if^: mum- mA, mm'>^- nmn- nkA, 

^^ ; to meet the bride, ||jfg ; to escort a 

bride in, jfg^ ; bride visits her mother, |f$. 

Bride-)ied, n. The marrias-e bed, WiJ<.J^-MAjk^ 

Bride-cake, n. The wedding cake. hIM.1 

Bride.-chaml)er, n. The nuptial apartment, Jjj A 

W' iflM, Wi'iHW- MM- 

Bridegroom, u. A man newly married. If r^Sl^.-fji^i) 
^,' if^li!- fTr^Jf?- mmn ; a bridegrooms 

Bridemaid, n. A woman who attends on a bri(l(^ at 
her wedding, :^i^, ^^^1^. ilii^*.!' HS^J^' 
PoS^ A ; in China, bride's maids or slave girls. 
given to the lirjde on her wedding dav. ^1$ 

Bridemau, Bride's man, ?i. A man who attends 
upon a bridegroom and bride at their marriage. 

Bridewell, n. A house of correction. IfcJE AM- ^ 

Bridge, n. m, -mm- m- mm- a. w- m- -^ 

floating bridge, fg, if:)^. ^jW;: a suspension 
bridge, mm^'i^m ; '^ loot-bridge, ^. :^|I, ilj 
^ ; a stone-bridge, Jg'^ ; a wooden bridge, ;^ 

* The bridal cup is drunk in the sleeping apartment in 
the presence of a party who generally retire under a roar of 
langhter leaving the happy couple alone. 

:j^,flT ; a chain-bridge. f^|^; an arched bridge, 
n^m ^^M- <lie buttress of a bridge, l^,i^ : a 
draw-bridge, IJI^! ^1^; a flying bridge, ^ 
m>; fi small Ijridge. |,|:^. >]^^: the In'idge of 
a guitar, ^^^^ ; the bridge of the nose. ^^ ; 
an asse's bridge, '{fj^: a bridge for carls, M 
^ ; to pass over a bridge, j'^f^ ; to )iass over a 
bridge and raise the plank. j^|^-}[llfS: to con- 
struct a bridge, ,"15 M- -JfiM: to eonstruct a 
wooden or temporary bridge. :}^,t^. ^^: to 
mend bridges and repair roads, *fef?^f!^JJ. 
Bridge, v.t. To build a bridge over, ,Jg|^. i\V,^,, 


Bridgo-liead, «. A fortification covering the ex- 
tremity of a liridge nearest the enemy, miWjl& 

Bridged, pp. Covered with a bridge. W^fi^- 
Bridging, ppv. Erecting a bridge, Jtt^- t^M- 
Bridle, n. The instrument with which a horse is 
governed by a rider. .tfjfiijS. W- f^f WM- M- 
M- M- P- Wr- ll'f ''it of a1iridle.\i|fi|.' .Bf,||j, 
^M- KDJlfif. .^ff; bridle-path. ^,i^, ;flff ; 
the reins of a bridle, g*. H ; a cheek. *gfii], |g 

m, mm- 

Bridle, v.t. To put on a bridle. I-.|f|g^. ±]^1JH, 
±#3|i : to bridle a horse, Ifjf^. jfe'fljft. iJ, 
lfi?l : to bridle or curb one's jiassinus. ]W^'fi^.. i^\ 
B- a *?• ^f±iXt!t : to bridle one, JJgfi A> -ffjij 

Bridle, r. ?'. To hold up the liead and draw in the 

chin, W<f^M- 
Bridle-hand. v. The hand which holds the bridle 

in riding. ^tS^- &^- 
Bridle-way, n. A path for travelers on horseliack, 

w, mm, mi- i-f • 

Bridled, pp. Having a bridle on. Jl'MM'M- W^ 
P^; restrained, Jjgjg, ^||:i. 

Bridler. n. One who bridles. H'ijj fffe ^ ; one who 
restrains and governs, '^ll]^, ^^^. 

Bridling, pj^r. Putting on a bridle, Ji^y^; re- 
straining, ^f I] : cm-bing, J^'\±. 

Bridoon. n. A light bit of a bridle, ,?^f|;ff . .fTjIf 

Brief «. Concise, as writings. &c., fjj. ^. fj^f^, 
^M'l a short time, )rJI5f; Wl^f ; a brief style, 
fii!!^ ; a brief expression, f^\%^; a brief note, 
}t\% >rli; a b.rief discourse, ^1^, ^m.\ to 
be brief, ^sjSf, ^^i^ : a brief introduction, )J\ 

Brief, ?i. An epitome. ^ |p. S ^ ! -"^ short or 
concise writing, fjjjiSt ; an apostolical brief, % 




:^.|icIff?5C; f>n alji'ido-nipnt of a client's ease, 

UffiHr^mi ^if Afi^7t- m\k^ )l';^ ; •-> summons, 

j5; : a letter patent. %ji^. 
Briefly, ach: Concisely, f^W, ^*?c, |p^. f|-]f ; 

in a few words, i^'^JC : to state liriefly, ^g^. 
Briefnef-s. 9i. Conciseness, ■^fjtf: conciseness in 

discourse or wrifin.y-, fj-jf^, ^fj^ ; briefness of 

iime, )rll*- ISH-lf- 
Brier, n. In a general sense, a prickly plant or 

shrub. ffi]$^. f)': in a limited sense, sweet lirier, 

m, m^- ^t. ^ : the wild brier, 7mm- 
Briered, n. Set witii briers, ^^'■ 
Briery, «. Full of briers. ^WM- %'^M^ ^1 

^; thorny. fl|t;li^. 
Briery, n. A plaee, where liriers groW; ^Jlll. fij 

Brig-. „. A vessel with two masts, j^tit/SfSS- 

Brigade, n. A party or division of troops or sol- 
diers, ^. %l, ^% : a lirigade of troops, — 'T^:^ 
^, — l^fi, —M^-- ^ brigade of artillery. * 
—WM?k '■ a brigade of sappers, — p|<iil ; a 
brigade of cavalry, — -M^^- 

Brigade, v.t. To form into a brigade, f^-g. Mj^ 

Brigade-major. «. — '@.^rI- 

Brigadier, ?j. The general officer who commands 
a brigade, ^]\^.^Ji^^; brigadier general, f{\ 

Brigand, n. A rolilior. ^, -^fM- W.^: a lawless 

fellow, 1^. X.\f;^M. Fiji HiJIIl. 
Brigandase, ;?. The einployment of a brigand, Jf? 

■i''^'ll: roblery, ^riJI, tilvi- ^T-:|JI- 
Brigantine. 7). |^:ft|/'iJ|ft. Ven Brig. 
Brisht, a. Full of liuht and splendour, %.%^]]. 

¥.%■ %m- m^b- "KM- ^m- ^Mm- m. m4t 

^. ^^- FUn/J- n?:; I'lis'it as aj.lazing tire. 

K, fi^< !J?- t'ii- 'M. i?fi. 'J4^. 'K- M- ft-- :lll- ^' 

'J^n- itt- Mi- 'JS ■■ brin-hl or shining, as the sun. 

mm. "*• Bi- #■ ^- ^:- 'WM- K, Bit. ^-, s, 

JS- Ht- 1^. Pt- ^- It : '"-'gli^ 'IS •! star. 05^. flitr 
fra^ '1'15- f>5■^A^ mm-, refulgent, i^M, DS- IK?- 
M'M'' bright, sparkling like gems, i<^. J.;^ 
^Bn.")!, ffW^ : bright, as a pearl, J^mi\%- J9 
'^. d'.}^. : bright and lustrous or glossy, %'if!]. 
?F>1rf!-, ^?T:- i'n-i^; bright, or white silvery 
light, fij. ^. ^%. H'A-)t: bright, as the morn- 
ing, M : fl'ill I'l-i^l't- !l$fJi^- ^iSiB/I- >b3t = 'l-i^-- 
zlingly bright, P^^.HiJi^t.^:^^^ •- ''nght 

* :Wlg^F^*&?-'HM-l-«Jifi a brigade of artillery. 

and transparent, lUnj}. j'^B^; bright, or pos- 
sessive of an active mind. ^|n;j. f^ffij. ^g^, 

if&^- m%t ^m- WM- ®m. mm- « i^-ss-i't 

(lay. 3t%- M^- niX WXl3 a ; .1 t'l-ight sky, 
llf ; beauiing forth light. .Q}^, j'f3t; as bright 
as the day, gjHPll-^t-. to scour bright, ^.^, 
W.'^^ P??ik' if-nft: bright, burnished, as metal, 
If; exceedingly bright. JECf; bright yellow, 
'MM- C'lf^ni-- 'Tight eyes, [if, ff^'njj. n!i1i.ilP, 

1;V@ : a bright boy. f^fflJP[a$[D4'^ff • ^if^Sli: 
bright moon, ^ Jft : a liright gem, ^; the 
light is very liright, %fi_; you are a bright 
fellow ! MM- 
Bright-burning, a. Burning with a bright flame, 

^1'. 'X;tfi|. ^teiT-^t- 
lh-ight-eved. a. Ilavirio- bright eyes. B.^QPIf. OJ) 

Briglit-liairi'd. a. Having bright hair, ^#Bfi^- 
Briiiht-hued. a. Having a bright colour, ^jjig, 

Bright-harnessed, a. Having glittering armour, 

Briglif-sliining, a. Shining with splendour, ^% 

mm- m¥MM- 

Brighten, r. t. To make lu'io-ht or brialiter. ^1}%, 

make luminous by light from without, ^,. BB 
%- %W- 0m- iiit '• to cheer. ^1, wM,m 
m, m'l>>X^ mm^ imrn^ to make illustri- 
ous, or lirighten one's fame. %fiK^^,%'^^ 


Brighten, c. (. To grow bright. ^1%,W^%.^%. 
fll/]- )te3t : the weather brightens or clears 
"IN ''KWA-^lM-r<.^^^-- our prospect 
brightens, aS'l^l!9-®^*J^. 

Brightening, i>i»-. Making bright, ^\%. ^-)t \ 
making luuiinous, DB^ ; growing liright. f^ 
% : growing bright, as one's prospects, g^ 

Brightly, ndv. AVilh lustre, Wi^M- 'Wk^ M^. 

Briiihtness. n. The slate of being Ijright, %.%'^ 
«•• ^m- !WS)i- %^)\- %n- m- ^» ■- brightness 
of intelleet. ??,B/j. nj] JfJC- nj] fl : 'usire. %%y, 
radiance, \\%-)t : gl"ry, •^%. %'^\ the brigiit- 
ness of gems. ,<. '^^^% ; transjiarency, u7, 
nj]- n'l^- $2i^ : the brightness of the sun, |3 
%. ]ii\ brightness of a large sheet of water, 
6^^ ; lirightness anddarkness, ^Pg. 




Brigue, n. A cabal, gfj, m\, ifU^ UM- 
Briguing, ppr. Canvassing, ^$^ ; solir-iting. ;J5 

Brill, n. A fish. m^. 

Brilliancv. n. siilcndoiir, ^6Jj, il'f-?. 5|. ^^, 
*$. ^f^; I'l-illianoy or Uistro. i^%mJ,'t?:'k'k 
i^_ ; groat brightness, g^H^: glittor, f;[\JtM 
:^'-f/JP3^: it f-amo (ilf with groat briilianov, 
im^^^- ifAWmm- la-ilUanoy of gems. 

Brilliant, a. Sparkling with lu.stro. W^MM-^ 
m- %m ; sliinins- witli lustre, ipS, 101?' |i^ 
^•-^tH-'^-g^iifi.^: brilliant, as laoquer, 
B/J:jt-: liriUiant, as colours. %^^, -Jt'^t^ fku'^- 
B[M ■■ brilliant, as fire, f^.SJj.'j;#,!H'!;M ; smooth 
and brilliant, as silk, ^j-ij-: very lirilliant. as 
chandeliers, :J>^^^. $-li9h%: brilliant siioeoh, 

aohievemont. njjjjj. l(|$,-VJt|, g|:|i:. 
Brilliant, ?). A diamond of the finest cut. having 
a flat table in the middle on the to]i, ^lifijij;;^, 

Brilliantly, adv. Splendidly. :S^. :Sij;. ^|;^ : 

she was brilliantly attired. f^j^^J^- ■ 
Brilliantness. ;;. Brillianev. %^ti : splendour. Jt 

Brills, 11. Tlie hair on the eyelids of a horse. Wj^^ 

Brim, n. The rim or Ijroad border of any vessel or 
other thing, i§. p ^. j§f^J ; the brim of a hat, 
ipQ^^; the edge or lirink of a fountain, ^j^i^, 
^fi ; fill to the ))rim, iSf'J P ii, JipJ P'. 
Brim, c.f. To fill to thebrim,^jij J. P,!lfiJ Pii- 
Brim, V. {. To be full to the brim. ffjfiPJPJi'- 
Brim, a. Puli'ir. ^ ; well known, ^D!# ; cele- 
brated, mz(^^■ 

Brimful, a. Full to the top, j^JiJP^. rSii- }& 

Brimless, a. 4*i§. i^^#j§- 

Brimmer, n. A bowl full to the brim. {^f^JijP 


Brimstone, n. Sulphur, ?j£?ih;. ipj|^|3'i i^t^T^ ; 

brimstone mine. ^^'^vi'fZ ; '^ 'i'^^''! wiuiiau. \^9li- 

Brinded, a. Marked wiUi spots, ^:(^i^. y^'-i^%^ 

Brindle. n. The state of ) eing l.irindled. gj^g,:??. 

Brindled^,. Spotted. ^i^m.^^f^^.m^MiH, 
:?tifi6V. 'I brindled cow. f£^^, ,!5i4^, .fj^ 
4-2^^,#."^^J^^: ii )a-indled horse, ^ 

Brine, n. Water satm'afed with salt. Ii7]ic, |^r+; 
lirine-pan, fi0,::^v§; the foaming brine, -J^ 
fSj^'J^ ! tlie lirine of salted vegetables, 1^^ 
ff-; the brine of salted prunes, ^f^v^-. Sl^S 
f-[: the brine of salted bamboo shoots, fft^i^ ! 
the brine of meat. ^^y]<, f^^f-MM. ; niinced 
meat piokled in brine, Ig: the brine of fishes, 
i^fflff-- W- # : tl'<^ brine of salt beans. ^. 
Brine, r. t. To steep in brine, fg;^, f?r|t^. Bf. Bt 

|fJ ; to mix salt with. fg^. ffllfi- 
Brine-pan, h. 5iff|.?iJ-|. 
Brine-pit, n. A salt spring, H^K^f, IS^- 
Brine-spring, «. A spring of salt water. |^7jC#- 
Bring, r. «. ; pret. and pp. brought. ilifj?.,i^Jii, 

!f it-if?it:^f *• ^^Hz, ^f-jj. $*. ^ui, m 

M' ^^5 ; to lead or draw nearer, ^!?j;, ^[Jft, 
1^" 5?i : to produce, ^. ^. ^-§ : to firing back, 

recall, ^glil^l;, PJf-SHl'l? : to bring aljout, to 
hring to pass. {3?. %t ^, tf^.^ I^B- itf^- lH 
Wi-lk^- S4W; to '^I'ing" "''ont a change, -gf 
11 , fj^, Ji:^. III? ; to bring aliout a settle- 
ment. ^>^1mJz'^ : to liring about a desired end, 
jj^^Jfj ; to Ijring forth children. ^-^ ; to bring 
forth fruit, ^M' to firing to light. ^[IJ. -J^ 

iiiMni-m'd\¥im^mm'miii-mni; to bring 

forward. 5||, 5[ jjl ; to liring one's shortcom- 
ings to light. il\^. 5fjE. fl|?g; to bring 
forward, as evidence, ;fi; to cause to advance. 
i^m. i^M- ^IfJ ; ^0 produce to view, )[? [!{, ^ 
!ii^$; to bring in. to import, as goods, ^?Jf, 
^A?|5- ^aIs ; to introduce, "^A3j5. jg 
A- 5i A^J ; to bring in, as gain. ^. Ig. # : to 
firing in. as prisoners of war. ^^-f^^'JjJ. #t 
^ ; to bring on, as an action, ^, j'^W., ^y^ 
;j^ ; to bring off. i^\i\. ^^^^ ; to bring on, as 
trouble. ^^ A- 1IWfM • to bring on one's self, @ 
M' ^S- ll .^ ; to procure to be acquitted, ^^ 
fi|, fi|#-; to clear from condemnation, ^^, ^ 
1^ ; to aid in advancing. #;tfl/j ; to bring over, 
to bear across. '^Ih'^Z-^'A'^i: to convert. ]ng 
It; bring over to another opinion, '£{if|;'^; to 
firing out, to expose, f^U], '^\l\ ; to bring out, 
as a book, [JJ. ^i] [ii : to bring to light from 
concealment. i^HJ : to bring under, to subdue, 
W'M- Kill WW> ■ to bringbeneath any thing, 
%m%J'^- Wmt^J- to bring up, to 
nurse. ^"^ ; to educate. ^^ ; to introduce to 
practice, ^^^ : to convey upward, '^±.'^ ; to 
cast anchor, ^Jibfi'ii ; to bring down, to cause to 
come down, ^f^, f^. ; to humble, ^(E, ^ 


( 162 ) 


Ji, $^; to bring to, ^^■, to bring along, 3^ 
^ii; to bring a thing to perfection, j^fi, T^Wt 
^^ S^:Tii'^ ^0 bring one into a fooFs paradise, 
I^AtKS ■ liringine a morsel of bread, ^-^I'^J^ 

i^^%'iilti ; I'l'i"^' !'''» ^'''^' yo"' f4'>in]i!i^' 

ft^^lig^-WPlffe?.; bring moa coach. ?f^,t|i}i 
1', P-=|-,!|iji* : fo bring close to, ^-g, ^|-|£ ; 
to bring word 1o one. =}f< A-!feD- jS?t .!> ■ <" ''^'^^S' 
witnesses, ^^gA^'; 1o ''I'in.- ^'^ aeliou a- 
gainst one, ^Jtf^^ iltpi- * A, W]tn ^ '&' 
•^ ; to bring up for trial, t^^, ig^, ffi ^ ; <o 
bring before a magistrate, Wi-M'^Sylll^- Wff]M 

:j:; to bring forfh fruit, ^^i. I-^J- : to bring 
forth much fruit, ^§^]jf ; to bring a woman to 
bed, g^; brought to bed, -}>/#, pfrg;; lo 
. liring one lo reason, -^ AfE'jfV '• *o 'ji'ing one to 
do, fiAff^- I'EAff : <o bring one to poverty-, 
flAgt- .¥,AS:^- fAt^; to bring one 
into debt, ,^A^X; to liring one into danger, 
^AJSP^: to bring one to subjection, JJg^R.A, 
iiA:S:^S; *o bring one low, ^,<gA; to firing 
about great changes, ■fili V:^p : to bring to 
life again, fgp, f flfj§ : <o bring away, ^■^, 
^A* ; to bring down, if j'g-^v, ti^i^TIi ; lo 
bring down the price, ^Mi^M^ M'Miii^ "fi-f^ 
i&in'iM'- 'o lu'ing miscrv on one's self, Q M iifci ^ 

gJS^^'ill, mU^&'K; to bring tioub'.e on 
others, ^A; to bring in arguments. ii.'E'.W.'-' 
to bring in a river lo a place, ^liiJl^JC^ ; to Ijring 
in prolit, ^fij, /^,%, Mm ■■ to liring out, ^Jf-O] 
/!l$ ; to bring out a Ijook. Uj pl)# ; to bring out 
a crime, JSC^IPM ; to bring out a story, f^lg; 
il#'i IS^€P3 ; to bring over, as a rebel to the 
Imperialists, -glf H^, iHi^^] to bring lomind, 
'MM' BB'ls; to bring up in conversation, -,^^; 
to bring to notice, il/ljttt.^^; to bring together, 
!^, M^-, S^> iS; to bring within bounds, 
^ ; to bring one forward, ^J^^ ; to bring to a 
speedy understanding, ^^jjli^; to bring to 
an end, ^|Tl, ;;^5'£, ^'H|f. 
Bringer, n. One who brings, jf ^-, J^-^-, ^^, 
2J5^, 35A, iTf?j5^ ; bringer up. ^k^^ : one 
who is in the rear of an army, %^^. Wi{P, 
^ ; a bringer of good tidings, ^gilt^. fJ<fM 

Bringing, ppr. Bearing to, ti^^$, jf .^ ; convey- 
ing, as news, v^ ; causing to come. %i'^i. ■^iJSJS- 
Bringing forth, n. Production, ^.(U- M^- 
Brinish, a. Like salt, ^, |^P^, i^d^. 

Brinishness, n. Saltness, ^(Ij^. 

Brinjal, n. An egg plant, ^JR. ITf.E; squash, 

Brink, n. The edge or liorder of a steep place, jllf 
#• ii- #• Fll-'t- llft''W±i® : the f,rink of a river, 

mm^ MM- 7K1- m- m- w- 'm- i!;t- m- 'M, m ; 

the brink of a well, ^/g ; to be upon the brink 
of ruin, ]^Ut gf i(J-/il; : on the Ijrink of getting 
mai-ricd. ',^\li!i$ ; on the brink ol' death, |j§5S£, 

Briny, a. Pertaining to brine, ^^i\^ : briny tears, 

t'j ii^ ; pertaining to the sea. jjy:P^, -/gftfj. 
Brisk, a. Full of life and spirit, active, t!(i|. $f 

^' tii- fiifg!- If it- sji'lili- 1^^: mm ■■ oti>r- 

vescing. jt&T^. jlSifi- jfjiill : to grow brisk upon. 
Mf^M^- 111-^?5^S( : a brisk wine. ?f,,l!lfifjJS-. 
a brisk charge, ifjitfmm- fff 1^ ifiJ fl ; '-^ '"'isk 
gale of wind, -^,11. flM.- ViM.- %&{■ 
Brisk-looking, a. Having a livelv look, ]%\^, ^ 

Brisk up, V. t. To make lively, f!£l;lif§, ^\^■M.WW■ 

Brisket, n. Tiio breast of an animal. -^M^MM- 

Briskly, adv. Actively, i^$ji. Ji*g, -[^t ; to do 
business briskly, $^^'|f //jii^'J- 

Bristle, )?. The stitf glossy hair of swine, ^, |^-^ 
^. i)j^i^; a species of pubescence on plants, in 
form of stiff roundish hair. ;^!il^, ^-JJ-^^fiJ : to 
fix a bristle. BMU^- 

Bristle, r. t. To erei't in bristles, or in defiance of 
anger, ^. Mf&^^ : to bristle up the ears, 
^jjJilT-- fjfe IT- • til bristle up one"s featiiers, 
€Wfjjfe- ^'i^-J'^llM® ; to bristle up weap- 
ons, ^:BM^- 

Bristle, r. i. To rise or stand erect. R,?jtC. WjiV.. f^ 
jlE. m ; to liristle up, gg^J. 'Jm^M- 

Bristle-armed, a. Armed with liristles. jp|#^*^. 

Bristle-bearing, a. Having bristles, ^f ftl^f^.fl 

Brislle-like, a. StilT as a bristle, §0\U^. 

Bristled, pp. or «. Raised in bristles, ^^, ^jg 
§i; furnished with bristles, WSI€i%- 

Bristling, ppr. Rising in bristles, Jtt^, ^^; 
bristling, as weapons, ^j|!l. 

Bristly, a. Thick set with In-istles. ^^^fi^; 
thick set hairs like l)ristles, gjl'f^^. 

Bristol-stone, liristol-diamond, «. jKmi- UHi^- 

Britain, n. \^\\}sm^ '■> ^''"eat P.ritain, iz^J^^. 

Britannia, u. A metallic compound or alloy, con- 
sisting chiefiy of block-tin, with some anti- 
mony, and a small proportion of cojipor and 
brass, ^^, ^^f^. 




Briliinnio, a. Pertaining to Britain, :^1^^V^^ 

Brile, Bright, v. i. To lie or Ijoconie over-ri[;o, as 
wheat, &c., f^^Jj, jifci. ±'^^. 

British, a. Pertaining to (Ireat Britain or its in- 
habitants, ic^j^gVi:;, ic^tliAPfc :^^1A 

Britisli gum, n. A gum made Irom starch, used 

for stitl'eiiing goods, 5tJ)S' 4^5%'' JrM- 
Briton, n. A native of Britain, ^c^iiH A- 5'i[i A- 
Brittle, a. Fragile, Ofd- S- ^- tt- i, #. VwS/e, 

^li, ^mm^ MJiafi'J. i/v'ei"^. P^rQ- 
Britt'.eness, n. Fragility, Mtf, ^,5?--^-, i/vaP^- 
Britzsica, Britohka, n. A long carriage so con- 
structed as to onalile travelers to recline at their 
length, by night wlien on journey, -gljClliE-ili- 
Broach, n. A spit, mK^'Jl"M\^MKJ' ; ana\x\, 

Sif ; a musical instrument, Jf^^- 
Broach, v.t. To spit, :^, :^^; to pierce, as with 
a spit, ^-^ to broach, as a cask, l3fiBSJ||ii, 
luif' ^nji. 5^f|'/cnlBl; to broach a matter, 
liiTSll- MWi ■■ '''' '''™ broach the matter first, 
JSili'^t; lo^iubKsli first, ^mU.My]\ <« 
broach a secret, "fii!jl-4i^. liiJii^Ml; to broach 
a heresy. fliflSJi. ^I^Wil 
Broached, pp. Spittixl. ^,;§. ^^.;i : tapped, Jf| 
5Si§nP..;ni'^-,inp,. ^illJlDH; uttered first, Jg 

Broacher. n. A siiil, g!t^; one who utters, IgT 
Bfl-^-- -^ ^ P ^' : one who divulges, -MM^^ 

Broaching, ppi: Piercing wiih a spit. ^, ^^i 
tapping, ^BM' -^iflij- 

Broad, a. Extended in brculih. fe^, ffPw^, JfifeT; 
extended in all direMions. ^, ipcTBl, %m^ % 
±- m±- ^- E. am. in, m m ; ''^^^1 or open, 
as in broad d;iy, BlJi^. ^>?f;. Pfl,^^. ^ffi- H Hj 
not restrained liy delicacy. coari-e,|[[f^'flfl:Jy£:>p 
P^;olscene, ^i^riiiT^lH'i^j; as broadas long, ^ 
m-'l^^^m^^^-m- ililA-\--, lomake 
broad or wide I^il ; to make broader, or wider, 
f^ m 11^ ■ 3t fM fl^; ^ t '"-oad day-libgt, fl^% g H - 
^ g -. a broad expanse of water, yj: rl, "f^ ^", 
Iffl'/tl] ; tl'e broad expanse of the universe, |5tU, 
gj^ : broad Ircust, i^, ij)^ ; broad beans, jjl^, 

irl:. g^^ii. fgs, fiii, mmji, bbil. ^■ 

Ji : a l.iroad conviction. S|^D; a broad foot, |[1 
/^"P|£A: liroad supporter, Jljc^ ; a broad fore- 
lirad, J^lfl, Iflli ; broad, as soles of the slues, 
^; make the soles a little broader, ^ls.M^ 

Broad-ase, n. M, ^M, ii- 

Broad-backed, a. Having a broad back, ^=f|, [il 

Broad-billed, a. jf,l^^ 

Broad-bottomed, a. Having a wide bottom, [j^^fg 

Broad-breasted, a. Having a broad breast, ^fl^ 

Broad-brimmed, «. llJj#P|J; a broad-brimmed 

bamljoo hat, ^, f-j-iliy. 
Broadcast, n. A casting or throwing seed from 

the hand for dispersion in sowing. ^§i, J§. 
Broadcast, adv. By scattering or throwing at 

large from the hand, i^. 
Broad-chested, a. Having a jjroad chest, liJUi-jf^-. 
Broadcloth, ;). A species of woolen cloth, so callcil 

from its breadth, -k^, ±\}Ji, nj^filjlg; lino 

broad-cloth. mi-X'Jt, ±WM- 
Broad-eved, a. Ha\ iug a wide view or survey, ^ 

0fi^"pfi-fefK. ii,!fS- 

Broad-fronted, a. Having a broad front. ^ ffl] p^. 
Broad-headed, a. Having a broad head, ^ji^d^. 
Broad-horned, «. Having wide spread horns, ^ 

Broad-leafed, Broad-leaved, a. Having broad leaves, 

Broad-mouthed, «. Having a wide mouth, ^ PP^. 
Broad-seal, «. The public seal of a country or 

stale, tffl^, iJ, mM- 
Broad-shouldered, «. Broad across the shoulders. 

Broadside, n. A discharge of all the guns on one 
side of a sliip, above and below, at the same 
time, —iife^ff, —Bfvl^i% — Wii—^ 
fft ; the side of a ship, above the water, from 
the bow to the quarter, J|g(^- ; a sheet of paper 
containing one large ]iage, or printed on one 
side only, —^r[JfKji;^)cK. 

Broad-spread, a. Wide-spread, as an evil, j'Sfjfc^ 

Broadsword, n. A sword with a broad bilade and 
a cutting edge, worn by Chinese ofScers, MTi- 

f<7}, ITII. ^iJtJ. 

Broad-tailed, a. Having a broad tail. ^^P^. 
Broadwise, adv. In tlu^ direction of the breadth. 

Broaden, v. i. To grow broad, ^^, ^^. 
Broaden, v. t. To make broad, f,^^, -Jg^ ; to ex- 
tend in breadth, fi^|g.|^. 




Broadish, a. Ealher broail, %Ji^, ^Wi, IIP^- 
Broadness, n. Breadth, f^ ^-, ;^ ^ ; grossiiess. 

Brocade, n. Silk stuff, variegated witli gxild and 
silver, or raised and enriched with flowers, I'oli- 

age, mx. mi }ars, mi- mi^^- 

Brocade-shell, n. The trivial name of the conus 
geographicus, M^C^- 

Brocaded, a. Woven or worked, as liroeaded with 
gold and silver, MMi^^Mi- UMiM; 'bro- 
caded lustres, :^i^'^']M- 

Brocage, n. The preuiiuni or commission of a bro- 
ker, 13 |g, ^EllDIl ; llio hire given for any imlaw- 
ful office, H^f IR' ^H^IK ; llie trade of a broker, 
|Mle.^;&; the act of pimping, f6t<:±,|f. 

Brocatel, Brocatello, n. A kind of coarse brocade, 
used chiefly for tapestry, ffi|,t, JS; brocatel 
marble, :jfg,iJi-|;.^. 

Broccoli, 11. A sub-variet v of the cauliflower, ^^jitT) 

Broche, n. The true, but not the common, ortho- 
graphy of broach, ;^^i^. 
Brock, n. A badger, il^. 
Brocket, n. A red deer two years old. ifl|g, H"^ 

Brodekin, n. A buskin or lialf boot, ^ftg^, SIMfft- 
Brogue, n. A coarse shoe, IHH ; a wooden shoe, 
^"^li. Ift' iU^ ^M ; a cant word for a corrupt 
dialect or manner of pronunciation, i|^, Ui", 
mM, ±1^. iM\ the village brogue, f Ii=j!j ; 
the Pekin brogue, j]^ ; tiie northern brogue, ;|t 


Brogue-maker, h. '^MM'B- 

Broider, v.t. To adorn with figures of needle work. 

m^^- §m^ MWh m^- 

Broiderer, «. One who embroiders, i|^:fg^, li^fli 

Broidery, n. Embroidery, l0^n^U^MMi^'^kM 

Broil, n. A noisy quarrel, |aji:^\^-=f^,f;i|, l^^jP 

Broil, V. t. To dress or cook over coals, ^, ^*, ^J,, 
Mm^im^m^-m-m-^ to broU meat, ^life). 

Broil, r. (. To be subjei-t to (he action of heat, ^, 

Broiled, jjp.ora. Cooked or dressed )iy heat. ^ 

Broiling, ppc. or a. Cooking over coals, ^■ff},-jl^- 
Broke, v.i. To transact business for another in 
trade, #^fi^, fifS la . 

Broke, iiret. and pp. of break. 

Broken, ^^9. or rt. from hreak. Parted by violence, 

smashed, ^T^-T' ^^-UWt. ; piU'ted by vio- 
lence, ^T fflJ T. ^^ iJK J, 1^ -J, \^i ^ ■ broken 
asunder, Ijflli r.-ixjjl^ j',^^UfT : 'j''oken open, 
nml^ n^&l ; '^'-oken down, jjf gJ^T ; broken 
down, as the seam of a dress, ^~f ; cracked, 
0i%mW.l; 'j'-oken down, fgHJ. f^ fg ; 
broken down or failed in business, ^JTfT' fJ 
ftT' ijf'^! broken down, as one"s iiealth, j;^ 
ffc'IHi^; a broken heart or spirit, 'M't^l^l' 
'li'i!l>. ^'IJ>- ^ifi1'l''^<ij> ; to die of a broken heart, 
SMlTiJ ^E.S-I^J-5:5E-^//$S^ ; ^ broken voice, 
Ijgg. ?^'!i. (i^!g. P|f!S ; a broken utterance, 
U I'lrt ; broken as a IidII. ^~J : broken to atoms, 

iri'm-mm^mjcsm-m^m- '"-oken rice, 

T^fti; broken silver. ^IJi, f? ^|R : broken 
crockery ware, ^i^i ; a broken ring, JJi; broken 
pottery, %:^: broken in, Ji^^, ^-^^. mMl- 
Broken-backed, a. Broken-backed, as a ship. Jjg 

^6i mrmm- 

Broken-bellied, a. Having a ruptured belly, j]%IJ§ 


Broken-hearted, a. Having the spirits depressed 
by grief or despair, ^^i\^^'i,^X. ^lij^; to die 
broken-hearted, ig^ifii^. 

Broken-meat. n. ]\Ieat that has lieen cut up, IJf, 

^, iJ^H^jr^- 
Broken-winded, a. Having short breath, as a 

horse, -^Pf . 
Brokenness, n. A stale of being broken, ^^, ^ 

^-. f^^i ; unevcnness, as a mountain ridge, ^, 

tMl'lS: • iiuevenness of a surface, l^; contrition, 

Broker, n. An agent or negotiator, who is em- 
])loved l.iv men-hauls to transact liusiness, ^ 

n- f^SlfT. 0.$llA, f^AlH-^-: to act as 
bn'l-^T. frlia. f^ir-ft- fft^TliB- m^^ % • one 
who deals in old household goods. ll>cHK'f4' 

Brokerage, n. The employment of a broker, ^$£ 
iji^ ; the fee or comuiissioii given to a broker, 

4itiyfi n\$R- mm- m^, m^.- ii^xa- 

Broking, ppr. O^UI^- 

Bromal, u. A fluid formed from bromine and alco- 

Bromate, «. A compound of bromic acid with a 

base, '^gii^rii 
Brome, n. See Bromine. 


( 165 ) 


Brome-grass, n. Fodder grass, ,E^:^j^. 
BromeliacefP, n. Ciisfard-applo, ^'^!fJ^^■ 
Bromid acid, n. ^glf. 
Bromid, n. A compound of bromine with a niclal- 

lic or combustible base, ^j||(i^. 
Bromine, «. An elementary acidifying and basi- 

lying substance. It is a fluid of a deep-red 

colour, Hj^I, ijK- 
Bronchial, a. Belonging to the bronchia?, |p.^6^, 

Brouchic, ?i. The same as Bronchial, which see. 

Bronchia?, Bronchia, Bronchi, The ramifica- 
tions of tlie trachea in the lungs, ^<^-, li^^|=. 

Bronchitis, n. An inflammation of some part of 
the bronchial membrane, ^^^^-'X- m's:'K- 

Bronchocele, 71. An enlarged throid gland, Jgl'^, 

Brouchotomy, n. An incision into the wind-pipe 
or larynx, ilP^Oi, ^ptPi- 

Bronchus, n. The wind-pipe, ^^, P^^, P^pg. 

Brond, n. A sword, fl], — -P^jlJ. 

Bronze, * n. A compound of copper and tin, ^ 
M^ MM^ Wii% ; <i colour prepared lor the pur- 
pose of imitating bronze, §^$f[^ ; any copper 
medal, |fi^||pj[l. 

Bronze, v.t. To imitate bronze, ^0[bJ, ^^&- 

Bronzed, ^^j^-ora. jMade to resemble brcuzc. .^i^ 

Bronzing, jtpr. Imitalinrf bronze, ^^<^. 
Bronzite, n. A variety of hornblende, having 

nearly the lustre of bronze, j^tij;^. i;^§^. 
Brooch, n. A broacli, i^Bih Bi P $[^ )\j U lt> frt 

Brood, V. i. To sit on or over, as a fowl, on her 
eggs, IS, #§, !"M. S' fk^ ^' MM ; <o remain a 
long time in solicitous thought, ^,g., i^,g,,Pa 

Brood,T<. To sit over eggs, ?g^, MM, 1#- Bi 
^P ; to cherish or brood sorrow, i'g'^. 

Brood, n. Ofl'spring, g^, ^gj, ^,|, : a brood of 
chicken, — j'4llf^ ; '"-' '^''^^ quite a large brood 
of them (said of a man who has many children), 
^)j!t^-=|Plt^ ; one brood, [plii,. 

Bi'ood-mare, n. A mare kept for breeding, ^,f| 

Brooded, ijp. Covered with the wings. ^■^■^'S. '■> 

cherished, Igj^. 
Brooding, i^pr. Sitting on. -^ ; dwelling on with 

anxiety, 'If, ^}a. 

* m^mmmM bronze, m&i^^m^ i^ass. 

Brook, n. A small natural stream of water, less 
tlian a river, M, ?ff> M- 'Wh f^- \^l Ml >hM; 
perennial brooks, )\\. 

Brook, r. t. Lit e rail ij to chew or digest, pg. \'^^; 
to liear. ^;1, ^{1(±. J2v il-M \ '"■"■ would not brook 

Brook-lime, n. A plant, jij^, %^'- 
Brook-mint, n. The water mint, §^^ (."?). 
Brooklet, «. A small brook, t\4% ^M- 
Brooky, a. Aljounding with brooks, Klil>J>"^.$ 


Broom, n. A firauchcd evergreen shrub with yel- 
low fliiwers. and growing on sandy soil, ^'^ 
:ft: a broom, ^|E, ^,t5,-|li^^|Cl,-ffiMiS; 
a bamboo broom. fHw- ttiW'^Jr:'^' il'-fits ; a 
coir broom, ffli^^i;. ^^i%', a straw broom, ^ 
^^^f ; a straw broom of a liner kind, f-"iil''M ' 
a leather broom, H^Jf ; clothes' broom. ^)][J 
Jf-; hemp-roiit broom. iflv^HM; *o use the 

broom, mB^ )\u%\'tmt<^ ■ 

Broom-land. n. Laud pruducing bruom, i^ tg |ti 


BrooinslaU, Broomslick, n. ^§jC|i^'. 

Broth, 71. Liquor in which tiesh is boiled, 1^7,^; 
broth of meat, ?|;?K, fg, \n-Wl'- chicken broth, 
ll'flr; leef broth or beef tea, i\.^={^.-, mutton 
broth, i^r^^. Dili- M\ vegetable broth, ^i||, 
^fl^ ; broth of rice, 0it§, JljT- ; a kind of broth, 
ia^ ; to make broth, ^^§; ; snow-broth, ^^7]^. 

BrodR'', )(. A house appropriated to the purposes 
of prcslitulion, ^^t^. ^Sfi^. ^ti, ^itt ^2 
|&- m^: il#, i;!;5;^, ^S^- ig^. iMP, iSji^, 
5tm- ftill^-- -tti, \'f^ Ai/C^ ii^JlJJl- itH^tJtfe.^t 
+^Pitfe^ ; '^ l-'i-otlic! boat, |£|?^r, .ttf;. |^:U]., ■;2- 
^ Ha- Wi ffi M' ii^ iP ^. S fli m ; 10 irequent 
brothels, ?;^=ig, H^g- 

Brothcler, ?i. Une who frequents brothels, J]|^, 
i£ii|y^; one who pays by the month or lor a 
stipulated period, HiH- 

Brother, n. ; pL Brothers, Brethren, ^f^, ^-J£., 
j^$ ; brother of the same mother, |p]JJ&^^, 
[pj IJS ^ttj-im!fL^,m^'jtMi- l-"-ot hers of 
diflerent surnames. f*'$i>t,^- eldest brother, 
:g5£ : elder brother, j^. ^. ^. ^i^, ^^, ± 
i%- :k.M- ■§?■?• of of ; elder and younger broth- 
ei-s, >d^.Jiif'f':SS: younger brother, |f,. |pj 
fe, M^ : brother by adoption, i^|i>l^,. M 
ff>L}Yj- Q^i5ll6 ; brothers in trials and athic- 
tions, ,%^^^}', brothers who have passed 
through many trials logether,i§^5iI.^- broth- 
ers who are living together on terms of inti- 




raacy, iM^^fJi; brothers by covenant, gg5t 

1^, -^jlf^ ;brothors in debauclicry and glut- 

lunucss, \&'fi]%ti^ ; ail'ectionate brothers, ^^ 

: g;^ ; brolhois living together in harmony, 5t 

ers disagreeing among tliemselvi/S, jf£ ^J PJ 
ft, %t^^t\j^ 3TLv6ifiii'; tlie father's eider 
brother, f|j:^.|'njfu ; la iher's second brother, fifi, 
ZL^; lather's yoiiugcr brothers, * grueral 
term, ;Jti(Xi MiM! ^"''^ 'jrothers, i. e. brothers 
ol tlie same lallier Init not of the same mother, 
\ti\Kk%n^5tft>: B'ytt^)-^ I" ^''"'e no brothers, 
SS>iSif;; IW'U ljruihei-s, U-±^U!'LWj, Hff- 
Sii^!nl<5f»' *i^^^lLj(i; ^''•-''-'i' druthers wile, 
:^itJt' Nffii; younger brother's wile, |!ii(^f , ^fi 
i^: JflM ; hither's cider brother's wife, (p-iij: ; 
lather's younger brother's wife, |iiij^|5; brother's 
wile, ^§#, /',lilM ; brothers ! J^tl^-p- ; brother ! 
i^>lL> @>lL. ^ K.N >t'i4. t5^t, M-gf ; i«y ekler 
brother, ^^^ ; my younger brother, -fj^ ; your 
e.der brother, /^j/i;, ; your younger brother, -^ 
^ ; a brother of iJie Triad Society, ^^. 

Brother-in-hiw, n. 'Wile's elder brother, ijM-;^ 
Bl, mi>t^ f^^ ; wiJ'''s younger brother, m^j, 
Jjj j;^ , ptj ^(i ; husband's elder brother, ;;^fB, 
ftllni> ^ii ; husband's younger brother, Um^h 
^i ■ elder sister's husband, flliiC, M^. iji^ ; 
younger sister's husband, ^'«(i'j, i^^; wile's 
elder sister's husband, ^^i^.^jjl;)^; wile's young- 
er sister's husband, |^>^, ^jlil^ ; brothers-in- 
hiw, general term lor vvile's elder and young- 
er brothers, jifij i>i, 5|> 5t ^ ; wife's sister's 
husband, f^^m- ilil'ii'l. S>lL jfJ- 

Brother-love, n. Brotherly allcction, %,^^iL 

]Jrotherhood, ». The slate of being a brother, ;^^ 
JML^fi>t^^.t:ii^^ ; IoIj*-' lil^« "iL'i'iiie broth- 
ers, '^ Jft >[;, ^f> ; '^ Iratcrnity or association, 
■^ ; the Triad llrolherhood, f H^'i" : 'l^o L^ni- 
versai Brotherhood,! 5^JilifJ; the Shang ti 
Brotherhood, t Ji-rg"^ ; the i'ehlien Brother- 



l'^ ; the L'iiristian Brotherhood, 

fh-M^'^m ; 'i- class of men of the same kind, 
profession or occnpation, fp]fT5t>6; ^ guild, 

* Father's younger Iruthers are distil. guisbed by ;^Ci 
great, and by llie numerals, Il,t\\o, H, 'bree, Ac., as:-tlie 
eldest of the younger brothers is ealled^;;^; the second 
brothers, Zl^-i &c. 

t Assoeiatious still in existence. They are the pest of 
society and the horror of every well-disposed native. 

X This association was established at the end of the Ming 

^\ subscription to the same, ^7^, iPj^frJB; 
to become a member of one of the secret broth- 
erhoods, f-fi'^ ; to become a member of the 
Masonic Brotherliocd, AS^E#. 

Brotherless, a. AVithout a brother, ^52,*|^. 

Brotherlincss, n. State of being brotherly, % 


BrotJierlv, n. Pertaining to brothers, 5Z,l^6ib % 
^^M-'^imm ■■ brotherly love, 1f„ ;£a, # 
&^!^t(i±.'M. 5£^;^'^: brotherly obligations, 
mt^i.^'^)}. %WiiL^\ Ijrotheriy aduionition, 
^i^^n ; lo sfi^^^ik brotherly, W^^M^M% 

Brouglit, prei.and jjjj. o( bring, which see. 

Broussonetia papyrifera, «. A mulberry, from 
wliose bark paper and cloth are made, ^^^\. 

Brow, n. The prominent ridge over the eye, form- 
ing an arch above the orbit, 7g, {Jg/f ; the 
forehead, |g,|F[, ^^,^^131 ; the eyebrows, 0^ 
m^ ; the brink of a precipice, |i"jg. 'JlgM;?: 
jg; the brow of a hill, llj[^, jljM- lilfl 5 "^^ 
brows of a field, [B J,t-, fflMi ", to knit the brows, 
t&WiM^ BM, WU, BJMiM ; lo clear up the 
brow, jjfj/a ; an aching head and wrinkled brow, 

Brow, v.t. To bound, [igfi, ^fi, gfj:, |5g:g. 

Brow-antler, n. The tirst shoot that grows on a 
deer's horn, Jitfi'MX- 

Brow"- band, n. Jjjp. 

Browbeat, v.t. To depress with haughty, stern 
looks, |'>Pi, )^\U. |-'>]^, j^if. ^1, g ; to de- 
press with arrogant assertions, l^';!'^. ^5^, ^ 

Browbeaten, pp. Overcome liy impudence, ^|1i!;-l'§, 

Browbeating, j)^)j-. A bearing down with stern 

looks, glilii.lJg'^IUL-A- 
Browbound, a. Crowned, ^^ ; having the head 

encircled as with a diadem, MM^,' M^^M- 
Brow-post, n. The beam that goes across a build- 

'i'8'. Wi^- 
Browed, beetle-, 0. I^S'M''^- 
Brown, a. Of a dark colour inclining to redness, 

r;&- m^- fS III- e,; Spanish brown. i^Hfe.; 

coir br(,wn, ij-^^: rust lirown, fi^lg , M^-:; 

light brown, ^)£i^f,l ^KMilDfi;;: i-hcstnut brown, 

3|i £, ; to fry lirown, ffi^ ^ }f, bo; j-jl i* JiJ ')-j\ ; 

l)rown sugar, <;|c|)Jj, ^'|)§- 
Brown, v.t. To paint brown, vitlllji^'- '0 dye 

brown, ^t;j-;£, ; to give a bright brown colour 

to articles of iron, &c., ±.f,jl^- 




Brown-coal, n. Sec Wood-eoal. 
Brown-madam, n. j^J^, \^%. 
Brown-spar, n. A magnesian parljonafe of lime, 
tinged with oxvd of iron and manganese, :f;|^ 

Brown-stont. ??. A superior ^nd of porter, JiJJ^ 

Brown-st)idy. n. Gloomy study, dull tlioughlful- 

ness, ngi:- J::t;- w.MW%- ili:- 

Brown-wort, ?;. A plant, frnnclla, '^^^■ 
Brownie, n. In Scottish superstitions, a good-na- 
tured spirit, who was supposed often to perform 
important services around the house liy night, 
such as thrashing, cbnrning, &C.. ftfili^ '■ '" 
China, the '%Ja- fiupfn of heaven, the ||ff*'/ 
^, goddess of grace, and the #^^-i^, Juno 
Lucina, are said now and then to perform cer- 
tain services in the families or other depart- 
Brownish, a. Somewhat brown, ;^t;f^g,fi^, ^}^, 

Brownness, n. A hrown colour, |*|5,. ^^£,; brown- 
ish red, #^g,. 

Browse, v. t. To eat the ends of branches of trees 
and shrnlis. or the voung shoots, nl?, PilJlS' 

Browse, v. i. To feed on the tender branches or 
shoots of shrubs and trees, as cattle, P^^. Pg 

Browse, n. The tender liranches of trees and 

shrubs. 1- til-:^'':i- 

Browse-wood, «. Shrul s and liushes on which 
animals browse, i^\% ^-tSJ- 

Bruise, v. t. To crush liv pounding. f^?f, ^'}|i. 
n n, H n t<. *■ nm n m ih ; to hurt by a 
blunt inslruraent. ^7" fg. ^jIB : to bruise by a 
fall. l%]\\- l%\lh, ; lo bruise one's arm by a fall. 
SSJiJtp.^": to bruise severely, fiJiIMJe. fgjij 
Mil' f^SfiJ^^M ; to bruis3 one's liands and feet, 
ti^tS3S : til bruise by a blow. ^yjij^S; to 
In-uise one severely, tTJ'IW^fft^- n. A contusion. ^\^j. #51. \U,®. tH®- 
ffilR- PM- ^TtW- %tm-'i^ Mark and'blue 
bruise, ^m,^. M?K, ^f^^.. 

Bruised, fp. or a. Crushed, f^fi®, ^yA^, fr& 
%■ Ft^iM ; liiii't 1'.'^ a blunt or heavy instru- 
ment, ^Ttli§- tlf^iS- ^l'M&B.\ lie bruised 
him severely, filMi^l^M- 

Bruiser, n. A boxer, tl^Sllfi ; a concave tool for 
grinding the specula of telescopes, j^^I'dO^J^- 

Bruisewort, n. Comfrey, %filj^, ^^. 

Bruising, fpr-ova. Crushing, ^S?. ^Jil'll^; 

wounding by a blunt instrument, ^7tH' tTfft; 

boxing. ^Tpgft- 
Bruit, «. Eumour, ^^. ^^. E'B- tl W- 
Bruit, r. «. To report, js., .i^^p. 
Bruited, fp. ■Reported, fE-g. jpjl. tlJi. ^^TtM- 
Brumal, a. Belonging to the winter, 'i'^J\f\']^ ^ 

Brunnette. «. A womnn with a brown or dark 
complexion. i':rM±,-k- Mfk'^mk^ K-^imi\^- 
Brunswick green, n. ff\%MM- 
Brunt. V. The heat or utmost violence nfnn onset, 

mm- im- ?st- iim- mm^th- m^^t^jh- 

to l:ear the brunt of an attack. •x'M.'^^-M' 
^W^fs^ ■ tlie brunt of battle. "^MBfW- 
Brush. V. ^. li^. W\J- a hair-brush. ^!$. : a 
tooth-brush, ^^,: a shnviug lirush. f^l^: a 
))rass-v,'ire brush, ^U^,W' a priming lirush. 
Intl'R: ^ small brush, )I\|!|lJ : a Incker brusl]. ^ 
lij: a clothes-brush. :S;}gfi. ^.ffgli!. ^ /,uf: 
a shoe-brush, H^. f|;^i):a printer's brush, 
t^iy": a painter's lirusli. ^■; a brush or pencil 
to wi'ite with, ^e: bi'anches of trees 1op|ied off. 
?J^: a slight encounter, ^.^s—f?. •^fS-^Hifi : 
they had a brush together, ]^^<iBli- l^^'^ 
0' l^^i^BPJ'- ^e are goinff to have a brush, 
^•t^—i^ : an assault. 1^;]^; rude treatment. 
miSl#A; (he I'l-ush of a fox. 11^^^.^ 

Brush, r.t.ori. To sweep or ruli with a brush, 

m, n- m- m- m- Wn'm- tti- w^. n- m- w ■ 

to awav dust, ^% J;-)^i^, W^- M^- tf 
^, ^©1: to brush clean, f^^t??- Mt^t, ^f 
j^f*f-: to brush away. M^^- %B ■ to brush and 
rub, nW- m.!^- ^*!I : to lirnsh off. ^*. ^^ 
*. ^.*- liTiii-i- m- to the .sho. s. t^g- 
)if)ijf^; to brush one's clothes, ^i^: to brush 
tlie hair, ^j^yfig ; to brush the ears, as Chinese 
barbers, J^If; to brush the teeth, ^^, li)^^ ; 
to touch slightly, as a swallow does the water. 
3|f, tfe; to brush the water with the wings. |^( 
7}C\ to brush with the sleeve. ^^. tfil : to brush 
away the spider's webs. ^ % lil'Jc IP1 : to lu-ush 
away, ^I'fM- to brush by one. t^BU'A- fe'^ii 
A, tT.iiJa S, A ; to brush up one's spirit, to 
move nimbly iu haste. ^.^^:& fr- '^M' to 
brush aside with the hand, |P|gJj- 

Brush-wheels, n. pL ^f^. ^f^- 

Brushed, pp. Eubbed with'a brush, ^f.ig. i^:^, 
i^iS- M& ; struck lightly, as a swallow with 
her wings, Jjii, ij}^-^. 




Brasher, n. One who brashes, ^^, WM- 
Bnishina:. ppr. Sweeping or rnliliins' with a brash, 

W.- #1- Wi- moving nimbly, |^^: skimming 

over liglitlv. f^. 
Bnishlike, a. Resembling a liriish. ^Iffiifll. 
Brushwood, v. A thieket of small trees and shrubs. 

Brushy, a. Slinggy, having long hair. ^^IT^fl^. 
Brnsk,' «. Elide," f,^gf. ' '" "^ 

Brnssels-spronts, 7?. pi. ^^. 
Brnstle, v.i. To make n small ei'neklina" noise, fp 

Bnistling. ppy. Bustling like silk. ^*. ^^IJ. 
Brutal, a. Bertaining lo a linite. f^i -^pflV ^ 

mmm- mk^m^ unfeeling, 'tlpit. Jff'^ji^. 

51nI'^:eniel.?^:JS,.?gr#: savage. \f,\M- 5a#. 

^m- B!,Ii: a bratal person. ^^^.P^A. ^m 

"K A- ?f-A : brutal and tyranieal, ^g. 
Brutality, n. Inliumanitv, ?^^, ; savageness, ^^ 

*^-." ';.'?1^- Vm-r;^ M^- insensibility to 

pity or shame. t«[f;^. v^f^P^ : to act with great 

bratality. n.l2Mtr^- 
Brutalize, '■. 1^. or /. To make brutal, flfi^-^^fc. 

Mi^^^iU- lo beeome brutal. ^^ST-^FJltfl.'i^'t 

jm- ^mm- ^.mm- mm^i ■ to be- 
come eoarse, ® rj'<, tfl .^, -^flrtn'^; to beeome 

ehuriish, ^i^m-ni ^jfimm- 

Brutnllv, (ulr. f'ruellv. Jj^ff, ^flfM'^-M12^ 
rili ; lo treat one brntrih". f^flHiT-'If, f#A*T- 

Brute, n. A beast, anv animal destitute of reason, 
nm- ^^- ^ik- Wt|. ^if^ : brute foree. ?£ 
?^. MSI: von brate! *^}^. ^,^^§^. ^,1?®- 

Brute, rr. Irrational. l^Pilti ! ''Psti^l^ g^'Sl' ^Sl ; 

rough, XWM- \MP- 
Bruteness. n. t^ff Brutality. 
Brutify. r.t. To make a person a Inaite. $5;^^ 

Wi-M^mK- <o make stupid, fifAia^; to 

make unfeeling, fli Aff Jf;l=. 
Brutish, n. Like a briile or beast, g^f't, g^i^P^, 

#l5^,t)ij«. fii m>l-- iatt ; ignorant,' ..w,^.^ 

B' -S^:. TtHM; savage, 5{l# ; carnal. If fe^,; 

a lirutish person. ^A; brutish mind. ^i\^, 

Brutislily. rt(/r. In the uuniner of a brute, gjyijjj; 
ti*l- ^WiM^' ■' J^tiiiiidlv. m.'^ ; savagely, '|f *K, 

Brutishness, ?;. Stupidity, ;1<,^, ;^>^i ; brutality, 

51L'I?^- : the qualities of a'brute, fu^. 
Brutuui fulmen, n. A loud but harmless threat- 

ening, etii, If IS. 

Bryonine. ;;. An alkaloid obtained from white 
bryony, one of the most virulent vegetable 
poisons. ^^^:p^., ^^%TW- 

Bryony, n. White jalap, & ^i^ T- 5f 1^ ??: 
bryony indica, ^^]^'(^- 

Bryophyllum calcynnm, n. MIBiS- 

Bul)lile, n. A small bladder or vesicle of water or 
other fluid, fe, ip, f^j|n, .J^,. -iPi^^, 7^^, VJcyQ, 
7n'ilm' yK^&^M'- iinything that wants firmness 
or solidity, -^g !f.^, -y^P^Jf, gi?, ItffN ^0.: ^^ 
vain project, J^M- '^^t\ • ^ fraud, m^, i^§i, 
?i:lSI; « person deceived, ^P*^. -51- A, ^A, 
|/i=ll^|5 : to catch a bubble, li» A- 5S A- 

Bnbl>ie, c. /. To rise in bubbles. ^-|g. f^,,ie. ^??,, 
?|1i]?in. f*f?,. rit^, -it,, m- ttJto- ?}&» J^>' M- 
iM--lm M-^'M- to bubble up, as boiling water, 
m- M- t" buljlile up, as a stream, JlJC^Ji, i^ 

^- ^- "^''• 
Bubble, v.f. To cheat, gig A- I^iA- 
Bubbler, n. One who cheats. IMAP^- ^A^- 
Bubliling, ppr. or a. Rising in bubbles, j^^. m 
i\i' \H'M- i^>nTi: running with a gurgling 
sound, -ifj. mmm^ MBM : cheating, i^lfl. 
Bul}bly, «. Abounding in bubbles, ^ffigfi, ^'^ 


Bubby, n. A woman's l)reast, fL- 

Bubo, n. ffi p, fr, m^'^- mniM®. 

Bubukle, u. A red pimple, >Xff^- 
Buccaneer, Bucanier, n. A pirate, ^M.- 
Buccal, a. Bertaining to the cheek. |tfi^' H^^U- 
Buecinal, a. Trumpet-shaped, Mf^?^- S^Nft^- 
Buccinite. n. Fossil remains, or petrefactions of 

the shells called hiccimim, ^ttiJffl^vf;- 
Buccinum, ». ^^fUl^^i- 
Biicentaur. * ?!. A mythological beast, half ox and 

half man, '^ A^^BiJ; the state barge of Ven- 

ie^ tlW- t 
Buceplialus, «. The name of Alexander's horse, 

Buck, 71. Lye in which clothes are soaked in the 

operation of bleacliing, Jjl^yfU. ^7]<. 
Buck, v.t. To soak or steep in lye, ^fj^ifi, ^jS 

Buck, n. The male of the fallow deer. ^. ^, J|g 
S, !fil^; a he-goat, llji^JV- OJ^fe : a gay, 
dashing voung fellow, S^ "Erf-f , WBSffi'&fP. 
Bfl^imtfF- ■{m^'f ; '^n Bidian. HPnl± 





Buck, V. i. To copulate as bucks and does, ^if ; 

to rut, jt&7jiC. 
Buek-bnskot, n. A basket in which chilhes are 

carried (o llic wash, '0. 
Buckbean, n. Tiiis is properly bogbean, J^ij^ 

Bucked, 2U^- ^Soaked in lye, ^^1f:^l7]<. 

Bucket, 71. A vessel lor drawing water ficni the 
well, iTififi. ^\-\^: 'he vessel in which water 
is carried, 7^ ^il illl^K^; irrigating bucket, 
^;|; the brewer's bucket, B|f.j@gJ|p=|-; a buck- 
et full, —ti- 

Bucketful, n. As much as a bucket will hold, y^ 

Buckeye, n. A tree in the Western States of 
America, ^\^; an inhabitant of Ohio, fj^jij} 

Bucking, fpr. Soaking in lye, ^fiilTlC 
Bucking-stool, n. A washing block, fjE^fii. 
Buckish, a. Foppish, ^^P^. 
Buckle, )i. ^1 JTlT''toft-f ; <'"'- tongue of a buck- 
le, ^ ; a golden buckle, :i:JR-P ; a curl, ^^, 

Buckle, v.t. To fasten with a buckle, ^p, joft, 
JiiBT^ ftl^- ^Hn, JiltPlOi ; <" '"''^■kl'^ one's 
self for war, KiffitT. ^' fp^ W:^m^^ |li:£#; 
to confine or limit, ^fi, [i]f±. 

Buckle, r. i. To bend, ^, j^j^ ; to bend to, ]^ ^ ; 
to engage with zeal, ?|^; to buckle with, 
4ntT' tllK' l^ix! '0 encounter with embrace. 

Buckled, j^p. Fastened with a buckle, jnfiiS, ± 

Buckler, n. A shield, )}?f, ^){^, if)}^, ifif.,^! 

)}>;;, ;f ; brass buckler, ^(i?;. 
Buckler-thorn, «. Christ's thorn, ^^. 
Buckling, ppr. Fastening with a buckler, _t.^ 


Buckram, n. A coarse linen cloth, stitlened with 

giiio, m®;^), '^®rii. ±wAi^ m'i^i^-m^Ai- 

Buckram, a. Stilf, Jjg; precise, ^j^hfJ^P^. 
Buckram, ?). The .same as wild garlic, ff,f.|n. 
Bueksliorn, n. :fli|f[j^, j^. 
Buckskin, ?!, The skin of a buck, }^)\i\ buck-skin 

garments, Jj^^^. 
Buckstall, n. A net to ta! e a deer, |g|l)?. 
Buckwheat, n. H^l?- ^^■ 
Bucolic, a. Pastoral, ifiPlf. 
Bucolic, n. A pastoral ijoem, S{km.^$:^ ''h^^- 

* Dr. Medhurst. 

Bud, n. A gem, ^, ^^, If , Jj:, gg, t}, Wf*. "b:& 

^•, a flower bud, 1^. tt't- li^^ fW'S, fC^A^l; 
the leaf bud, ^; mulberry buds, ^^ ; a rose 
bud, 3£fe:?tl!|t; ; cassia buds, fj^- ; the calyx of a 
bud, ^ ; the opening of a bud, fptj^, iSjitci). 
Bud, r. i. To put forth or produce buds, fi{^'-, ilj 

t-- ?M-- nirti- mn\^-- miu^^, ^[i, m. m- 

liil, i^l. 4ilil. ^S. !5l- 

Bud. v.t. To inoculate a plant, ^i\s]- 
Budded, p2'- But forth in Inids, ,'Ui^-^. \iiW-~T^ 
1 11 T^-:|IT^ 7-. m Hi T^^; inoculated, gj 


Bmidiia, «. B(u,dh, fl|;, fftjjijl. fij;!, '^ f,®, im, 
\^IM. ( "^ >• fihJt- f-fHSIf : I'^iiu's of liuddha, M- 

fLU. NKi- Jftiii- mi- Ifilfi^iiJS- #11^' m 

§:: titles of Buddhn, iii':^, ^f:, ^.f;. ilt±, 
^il. ?i-ZE. ^i ; llie three Buddhas, H^f. ; 
the ],ast ]5ud(lha, -^^l ?ifjf* : *1'" P'''^sent 
Buddha, gi:^f^,. in?)5 0li: tl"' future Buddha, 
^3!|!:t, ; all the Buddhas, fff^i^ : the religion 
of Buddha, f^^i. ^^. if«l^, ^li, iiPI, ^ 
ii, fiii; H'^ mother ot Buddha, l^-ffli. ^,f^ ; 
the image of Buddha, f^, fg ; the heaven of 
Buddha, ij'^ ; the precepts ef Buddha, •f,"^- 
t,if, : iKwks of Buddha, f|s^, -g ^S^- ^R'J 
fl- i?j^; a'lsorption inid Buddha, @|^; the 
truth of the religion of Buddha, iE||; the 18 
diseiplesof Buddha, -]- AMM ■ Buddha's 1)irth- 
place, ¥agadha, m^^M^ ^fllllft, ^'^ tl^'- 
place, where Buddha lived as hermit, f||g, jiiK 
Ig -, to embrace Buddha's feet, when in distress, 
^ff, jm ; the anniversary of the bathing of Bud- 
dha. ^i}^m ; I'ollowers'of Buddha, |5§t,:t, #, 
^, 5f?-^; to worship Buddha, f^-ff,, i^|| ; 
Sacyamoone Buddha, ff..iig>^/5fj)J5 ; Amida Bud- 
dha ! FrI Jiff {life : oh Buddha I ]k^,§\ ■ hear us, 
oh liuddha! if]ft£|5nJ5if'tg|; ; a priest of Buddha, 

vpn fuw- ft A. \^ik^ jiA. mT, mtt^- s 

^£f|}'' "3S7 ■> >o meditate, as Buddhists do, i^ ; 
to recite prayers to Buddha, l^^^fM ; principal 
instructors attached to the monastery of the 
priests of Buddha, ft^f tI4#i!I' ; assistant 
instructors attached to the monastery of the 
priests of Buddha, f^>|^ j!] ti-^Vi- : Buddha and 
Laochun, §y:^ ; eyes of Buddha, ^M ■ Buddha 
reallv came down and enciuired savins, ■^i^ 

Buddhism, ». The doctrine of Buddha, ^.fA,W 

* According to Kanghi's Dictionary, 
doctrine of Buddha. 

signifies the 




El' f^li; Buddhism has three precious Ones, 

Buddhist, n. A follower of Buddlin, f^j',^, \f!,%% 

Buddhist priest, n. fufnj ; principal Buddhist seal 
keeper, fflft pJIEI'I] '. assistant Buddhist seal 
keeper. ftJf^ rISIJEj] ; Buddhist deities, second 
class, ^|il; third class, H^. See under Bud- 

Buddhistic tish, n. [A^ffl. 

Budding, n. Inoculation. %'^\l\. 

Buddie, n. A large square frame of lioards used in 
washing tin ore, i;^^tf , \UWjWM- 

Buddie, v.i. Among miners, to wash ore, iffsfii^, 


Budo light, «. An intense white light, 0:;^J|iJlC' * 

Budge, v.t. To move off. %%^. %^. 

Budge, n. The dressed skin of lamhs, =6|g, ^J^. 

Budge-bachelors, n. pi. A company of men, who 
accompany tiielord mayor of London at his in- 
auguration, P,^|I. 

Bndge-lwrrel. n. A small l.iarrel with only one 
head, used for carrying powder, i^C^^fc'ti, 

Budger, n. One who moves from his [ilace, f^^, 

Budget, n. A bag, ijk, t^M, AiVk • ^ li**'^ sack 
with its contents, — 'Sj'lBf'- >h\i'^ ^ stock or 
store, j^; the papers respecting the finances of 
a nation. ^M^^gf^ ; to open the budget, ^^ 

Budlet, n. A little bud springing from llie parent 
bud, '^i^. 

Bnff, «. Buti-skin. soft leather, m)k,m&,mM\ 
the colour of a butit', light yellow, f^i^, y^^, 
:!f g, ; a military coat, made of buff-skin or si- 
milar leather. PXlk^^ \ <li'' bufi's, ±'^AM^^ ■ 
in one's but!', ^4| ; blindman"s )mlf. ^-ijigj^^x. 

Buff, V. t. To strike, ^%'. 

Buffalo. H. 7]*:^ : wild o.xen. Jgf^f^ : buflalo hides, 

M-'¥Jk- 7KJk- 

Butfalo-robe. u. The skin of tlie bison of North 
America, prepared with the hair on, ll^^^- 

Bufl'-coat, n. A military l.iodice without sleeves, 
made of buffalo or other thick leather, '^)k^. 

Bufler, n. A cushion, ^^U. 

Buffet, n. A cuplioard. fi^f^- : side-)io,trd. |Ef<-jvfJ-. j 

Bullet, 11. A blow with the fist, — ^j.^fi^^ ; a j 
box on the ear or face, — -^. i 

Buffet, v.t. To strike with the fist, ^^7, ^jTiS 
■^ ; to strike with the hand. ^•, to beat in 
contention. ^J^M- ^^^ PJ^- 

Buffet, v.i. To jilay at boxing, ^JjH. 

Buflcted, pjj. Struck. Ijj^ : to be bull'eted about in 

traveling, mmxm^ tmm^- 

Bufieter, n. A bo.xer, ^^;g, ^T'^M'^- 
Buffeting, jypr. Striking with the hand. ^ : Ijox- 

Buffiu, n. A sort of coarse stuff, ^\M- If^- 

Buffle, V. i. To be at a loss, g|!ff . 3^5^ ; to puzzle, 
BufHe-headed, a. Stupid, if^gf^, ^&>l^nt- 
Buffo, Buffoon, n. A man who makes a practice 
of amusing others by low tricks, &c., \^ A- j^ 

A. miA- W'lu" nii^' mm^A- Mm 
± A, mBmmm- m^B^f^^A- m%^-^^^ ^vim 

uses indecent raillery, fififfi^^jlj. 
Buffoonery, n. The arts and practices of a iMifToon. 

mmm- m^±v- mm^^- ^ia^;^^; 
low jests, fii. ffw, ffl^nS- fs$^i;!i- m^m- 

Buftbonish, a. Bike a buffoon, i%Af\^}. fl^A^. H 

Buffoon-like. «. Besemliling a buffoon, fn All^fl^ 

Buff'y, a. Eesembling Ihe biiff of blood in colour 

and texture, jlii^?^^^. 
Bug, n. Wood-bug, :\<M.- ^ii-l' M'l\- 
Bug, Bugbear, n. A frightful olijeet. i^g|, * i;i| 

JiP't -#^V- MW.- liAfl^jifcil; a walking 

spectre, Iglg, )||i||. f^Jcl'I- .^H^^- 
Bugbear, c. f. To friglifcu with idle phantoms, P|| 

Bugger, n. One guilty of the crime against nature, 

Buggery, n. Sodomy, ^^-Wl^- 

Bugginess, n. A state of jjeing alfecfcd with bugs, 

Buggv. n. A small one-horse carrias'e. t^I^, |^ 


Buggv, a. Abounding with liuc's, ^TJ^^gg, $ 

Bugis, n. ^-jL' J.. 

Bugle, Bugle-horn. ». A hunting horn. S^fij, ^ 

h- ^'Mf:- ^itif:- ?/|lnJ : a military instrument of 

music, Pj|;-(ilf^. 
Bugle, n. A glass liead of various coloui's. $5^]^. 

%I* ; black bugle, M?£^'I*- 
Bngloss, n. ^ne/ijisa, ^#:"t«:. *$f. Jf^JlJ. g 

* The ^jJ3 is iv" olijoct, so Ji-essi^J toi- tlio iniriiose ol" 
e.\pelling evil spirits. 

f One covered with h.iir. 





Buhl, )?. The name of light and complieafcd fig- 
ures of brass, unburuishcd gold, &c., let into 

surfaces of ebony or other dark wood, ||| (]^ ^ 

Buhrstone, «. A sulj-sjierios of silex or quartz, ^ 
Biii^d, v.t. : pret. and pp. hit lit. To erect, as a 

house, m. m- m- mf&- i^-^- git- wm, mm, 

myi- mW,^» IJiiild, as a wall. 5^, ^, tT-^S, 
J(iJ, gi ; to establish, ft ; to build u])on, {^ ^R ; 
to build up, as a theory, {1!,^; to build, as 
ships, ^; to build a boat. ^^t^M- *» ''"''tl ^i 

liouse, m\sim. mm, m'M- m^wm- mm'f, 

!^M-iJ[M; 10 build a ehapoi, m^in^; (o 

build a temple. m\l^Ji]. mia^^"^, Wm ; <o 
build a wall, |[^j|* ; to liuild a wall by piling 
up stones, bricks, &e., ^^1^. ^}|U- ; to build 
mud walls, l^jjg ; to build a city, gjiJjg ; to 
build a ship, ^^ ; to build upon another, f^ 
^fiil; to build castles in the air, ^'^, ^.i*!, 

Builder, «. One who builds, jlj^^". Jtji^-, f/i 

Building. jTpr. Framing and erecting, ^'^^ ; rest- 
ing on. -f^lfl: building material, ^^^. 

Building, n. A dwelling house, M, PpIM. M^; 
buildings, 'a"J?, '^Im ; a l:i>-ge building, J^l^, 
■kM, rSJ+S- MU ; ^ If'ige (highj building, -^ 
Fnli^itS: ship-building, ?i^^'^-. 

Buill. j-y^ Constructed, -J^-S. j|!ii§, 5£ii,4iSii^. 

Built, «. General figure of a structure, as an En- 
glish built, ^^^j/5:g^|l/j; frigate built, fjifjiijlj: 

Bui, n. 'i'lie eonimon fhainder. iPjilfJ'- 

BuUj, 1). A round body, apjilied to many different 
olijects, pjj, :#J|i; I he onion bulb, ;^;q : the 
bulb of garlic, IjllH, -fiP-f-.j; : <li'' '"li'i "1" <lie 
narcissus tazetia, 7]<.\]\\^if\. 

Bulboeadium, n. Naicisms t<t::ttta., 7j<filj. 

Bulbaceous, a. tSce Bulbous. 

Bulbed, a. Eound-hcadcd, HPrKj, [ipf^, :#"ijn 


Bulbiferous. a. Prrdueiug bulbs. §_m(\^h'-\}.m^H- 

Bulbous, a. Containing bulls, Pflfifl. Hyril'll;- w§ 
{\^; growing frojn bulbs. SH^fi-I, yJl^P^- : 
round, |], igpjifl^ ; the bulbous part of a plant, 

* All these nnmcs are veiyapocrypbical. Thej- are taken 
from Kanglii's Dictionarj'. 

:gS^ ; the bulbous part of herbs in general,^. 
Buibul, n. ^'^. 

Bulchin, n. A young male calf, ^if^ff . 
Bulge, 71. A different orlhograiihy of bilge. The 

bilgeofacask, Hi^. JJlJ^.^illl- 

Bulge, V. {. To swrll out, /JK; iz, Mk ; <o Ije 
protuberant. [Ill Hj ; to bilge, as a ship, as to 
which see Bilge. 

Bulging, fpr.oxa. Swelling out, Wiiz, ^:^. 

Bulimy, Buliuiia, n. A voracious appetite, ^'^'j^. 

Bulk, 11. Magnitude of material, substance, ,fi/;^, 
Mki^fh m±^% mm; «lie gross, ^.^, 
M^,—M; llie majority, :^%\ig^; the 
whole content of a ship's hold for the stowage 
of goods, JlfJH ; in bulk, f^WM ; V'>y^- in bulk, 
^-tJ]^F]±l^ : sale by the bulk. ^{^n. 'M\: 
% tknfti^y^WMlY-} ■■ li'<l''" ill I'lilk. ^^ 
It; to break bulk, [Jfj^, [X)^;lllK; the bulk 
of the ]ieoiKe, l^^J^k-- 

Bulk, )(. A jiart of a building jutting out, f[li[15 


Bulk-head, n. A partition in a ship, |5|g0, f^^^. 
Bulkiness, n. Greatness in bulk, Jf.;J^ ; greatness 

in size, ^J^; greatness in stature, j^';^. 
Bulky, «. Large, m±, Jl^„ ;K)f , ±X, i£^ : of 

great dimensions, f^;^. 
B„:|. „. ^.^K. zj.^^t-, !fi^. j|^i{.. jgij., ^|. ^ ; an 

enemy. '^■. ■• a. conslollatiun eomjirising jiarts 

of Acquarius and Capricorn. " -^J"^]) (?), !^f^'. 
Bull, ;i. A letter, or edict of tiie I'Ope, 5c±|^I 

Bull, n. A verbal liliinder, gji; =", ^-"g, f^t.Ji. y^ 


Bull. A prefix, which signifies large. ;/.;. 
Bull-baiting, n. I'he pralicc, of exciting bulls 

with dogs, mmn'^^is^- mr<)t-^- 

Bull-beef. n. Tlie flesh ol a bull. 4[ij; coarse beef, 
Bull-I)eggar, n. W)melhing li'rrible. ij/t;^^. ^ 


Bull-calf, u. A male calf, ^ifi^fff ; a slupid fellow. 
Bull-dug, n. A species of dog of remarkalile cuur- 
Bull-faced, a. Having a lar<ie face. :A:lTlj- III®- 


Bull-fighl, ,1. A ciimbat with a bull, g^, Al*!- 

Bull-fly, Bull-bee, n. The gad-fly, ||iS. 
Bull-frog, n. A large species of frog, ^^.IBft. 
Bull-head, n. A genus of fishes, '^{^^ ; a stupid 


fellow, ^^ ; a small, black water vermin. 

( 172 ) 


Bull-weed, n. ^^• 
Bull-wort, n. ^'^. 
Bull's-eye, n. The target, gf[,fG' lE^i^Md'-J^Wi^ 

ifl<6 ; a circular window, or opening, \l^%. ^ 

Hg*.; ; the bull's-eye of a ship's deck, [J ^ ;t-; ; 

a buirs-eye lantern, ^'^'M.- 
Bulla, «. ^WM- 
Bullaee, n. A wild sour plum, ^. 
BuUantic, a. or «. Designating certain ornamental 

capital letters, used in apostolic bulls, :^^^', 

BuUate. a. Having elevations like lilisters, ^.^ 

Bullen-nails, ?i.pL Nails with round heads and 
short shanks, turned and lacquered, MWl^M 

Bullet, n. A ball of iron or lead used to load 

muskets, 5f ^, ^i,i^, M^^ mw, wx^ mm, 

mW^ ; an iron bullet, ^^^ ; a lead bullet, i^ 
jj^ ; bullets for cannons, ^S"? ; a bullet-hole, 
MWM' '"'"f'f forceps, 5f.;/illi-; bullet scoop. 

Bulletin, n. A report of a state of fads, issued by 
authority, |)C'iE^I. AM' ±.M ■ a P"Wic notice 
or announcement, from one of the Boards, ^) 
18' tK^ ; one issued by inferior authorities, -g 

^i. mi 

Bulletin-board, v. A board for posting up recent 

intelligence, ^mE, #HSfS- 
Bullied, pp. Insulted, itfi^'IS- IJ^ifJE- I/JBiS- 

Bullion, n. Lncoiued gold or silver in bars, ^|R 
i^, ijW, ic^; bullion from the treasury, f§ 
0,i>^; large shoe-shaped ingots of syce?, %^ 
1^; ingots issued by the hoppo at Canton, g^ 
f|plt£; ingots issued by the Salt Commissioner, 
iiflii^; gold and silver, both coined and un- 
coined, H.^. 

Bullinio-, i-.t. To insult in a ))ullving manner. 

fsts. mmim- 

Bullist. V. A writer of papal bulls, j^ii^ilil 

Bullock, II. A castrated bull, tll^^ti'i: a voimg 
hull, ^t^ft, !f^ ; a full-grown bull, ^i. q^, il/^^, 
gt, ^, ^, if,^ ; a yellow bullock, '^'ij^ ; a bul- 
lock without horns. 4S; '^ bullock of one colour, 
such as are used in sacrifice, !^. ij^fi, ^^;t. 
^; the emperor sacrifices a bullock of one col- 
our, %^ym'¥- 

Bully, n. A noisy, blustering, overbearing, quar- 
relsome fellow, BWUA, 5S*' saw ±A, *I 

Bully, r. <. To insult and overbear with noise, ^ 
-1- 5SIS A, ;iiii"FA; lo domineer, MM, OtM- 

Bully, f. i. To be noisy and quarrelsome, l'j;|^;%. 

Bullying, ppr. Insulting with threats, ggll,^. 

Bulrush, 1). A large kind of rush, growing in wet 
land or water, '!^^, ^; lampwick liulrush, gj 
A''', tii:-:^:-! water rush, Jiif, M- M^- 

Bulwark, n. In tbrtificalion. a liaslion, m- a ram- 

]mrt, &c., 1^ mm-itm, mus. w^- mn- m 

^' M3it: a Ibrli Ileal ion, ^i^,'; a screen or 
shelter, m?^. ^m, im- mM- 4%': " im- 
part, ff pf , /I^IJ^, ij£[f$ : the liul wai-ks of a ship. 

Bulwark, v.t. To fortify with a rampart, ^^. 
Bum, 7(. The buttocks, ff, |tl)^. 
Bum, V. i. To make a noise, ;fg, ^iff. 
Bum-bailiff, d. An under-baililf, ^^', ^gS, If 

^m, >h-^. msi- 

Bum-boat, «. A small boat, carrying provisions 
lo a ship at a distance from shore, $ji;^)5Jt. 

Bumbast, n. A cloth made by sewing one stuff 
upon another, :^^i ; patchwork, #X, tjf'X; 
wadding, fj!. See Bombast. 

Bumble-bee, n. A large I e\ jc.W- 

Buinkin, jj. (Sec l^umpkin. 

Bump, n. A swelling or protuberance. ^, M^ \ 
bumps of the head. ^^,^ ; a thump, — ijte, — ' 
^^ ; a heavy blow, J^^; gave him a bump, ijjfi 
jl9{g; to feel one's bumps, ffSfj^^, ^'W^,, B 

Bump, r. r. To nuike a loud, hollow, ^^. 
Bump, v.t. To thump. ^^, im.M ' 'o bump 

one's head. ^^IDfl: to bump one's self. ^gj,. 
Bumper, n. A cup or glass tilled to the brim. }'^ 

4f,. tTijf^fiJP; a crowded house at the theatre, 

±m- mm- 

l?umplsin, n. An awkward, heavv rustic, ^H^, 

m^, ±A. i^'^A. ni%mA. sw-iA- 

Bumjikinly, a. Clownish, m^^^. 

]3un, V. See Bunn. 

Bunch, n. A prolulierance or lump. ^^, M^- "b* 
{}fc ; a cluster, — [| ; a bundle, —]£, — ^, — 
"k- —Jffl- —I^' —Itti' — +L; a liunch of keys, 
— Pi^^lil^ : a liuuch of incense slicks. — -lig^, 
—IKg. —re^t : '1 I'unch of hair, —^^ ; a 
lainch of grapes, — 'ti^j"fiT: ^ bunch of 
Ikitliers, — '^^. — 'id^ : a bunch of flowers, 
-Ik^, -mi' -ftl^^l, -tL^t; '^ bunch 




of plantain, — ;^^. 
Bunch, V. i. To swell out in a protulioranef', ^-;)^, 

j^i^ ; to be protuberant, ^gPfJf, ^-^fl^. 
Bunch, v.t. To tie in a bundi, ^Jriffl-^iE. fflM 

Bunch-baeked, a. Having a biim-h on the back, 

mi mn^ ffiit ; tnookod. mfj. 

Bunchiness, ?;. The qualily of growing bunchy, 

i-t^m^ ^^m- t't^w- 

Bunchy, * a. Like a bunch, iH^m^^h Jj^+LW 

^ ; having tufls, f WS- f Ittlit^ 
Bundle, ?!. A number of things lied togvliicr, — 

small bundle, tiff, "elff^ft-; a bundle of clothes, 
—Um^' K ; 'I I'l'iidle of grass, -^Jt":, — 
ffl:^, —iE^^- — ffi ; :^ hundle of straw, — ^E 
f^, fl ; a bundle of luel, —jG^. |$ : a bundle 
of sedge, |^ ; a bundle of rattan, — 'jg^if; a 
bundle of papers, — 'ILIK' — 'i^/fK.; ^ bundle of 
iron rods, — ffliHI^ ; make it up in a bundle. 

Bundle, v.t. To bundle uji or tie in a buud'e, -gj 

m^ niB, mil- Hm^ m^.-u, mn-in., 

mjH-m, tJ-U: lo bundle otf. ©M*; <'e 

them all up in one bundle, — ^^Q'^iJI- 
Bung, n. The stopple of the orifice in the bilge of 

a cask, <i^a, tiSiF ; brolher of the bung, ff 

^; bung upwards. j^JtH. 
Bung, v.t. To stop the orifice in the bilge of a 

cask with a bung, |Rfj:, ^f^. 
Bung-drawer, n. A wooden mallet, IPjjf. 
Bung-hole, n. tiP- 
Bungalow, n. In Bengal, a country house, erected 

by Europeans, and made of wood, bamboo, &c., 

^, ^; a one-storied house with a verandah 

around it, H^fg. 
Bungle, v.i. To perform in an awkward, clumsy 

manner, ^fi^. 
Bungle, v.t. To make or mend clumsily, fiiitlj=^;. 

Bungle, n. A botch, ^X ^{jjl, Pgif^l) ; gross 
blunder, :fzi%, :k.Wi'' chnnsy performance, |1'^ 

It mmh ^^x^k- I 

Bungler, n. A clumsy, awkward workman, ^)X> 
P^X- l§.#fT^X^ one who performs without 
skill, ^)iliF. itj^J- ; a bungler in politics. 

Buuglingly, adv. Clumsily, ^; awkwardly, fd? 

* This and lollowing sentences express move than even a 
hii'ge bouquet of flowers, 
t Applied to birds. 

Bunion, ??. An excrescence on the great toe, cor- 
I responding to a corn, ||[IK- 
Bunk, n. A case or frame (jf boards used for a bed, 

Bunker, n. A large bin for various things, ^ ; 
I a coal bunker, ^f^^. 

Bunn, Bun, n. In China, a small cake, nr a kind 
t of sweet Isread, ^HMfv- ^Ufigf- P^lTlS!. >hf,\\ 

n- nUM ; 'ju'i iiiwi ill "ii, viiigi, f II, 

VtllMfJf- fig^P.^gi; I'lins wiih curranls. ^Vlbj 

^•gf ; buns without curranls. uiuffins. &j|t#. 
Bunt, n. The middle part or cavity of a sail, ijglli. 
Bunt, V. i. To swell out, ^fi:^ ; to push with the 

horns, g§, ^^- ( V ). 
Bunter, ??. A woman who picks uji rags in the 

streets. ^M3v'^ ; =1 vulgar wouian, i?^,!^^. 
Bunting, Bunliue, n. A thin woolen stulf, of 

which the flags are made, 3/|if|), l^flj. 
Buntlines, n. pi. IJopes fastened lo cringles on the 

bottoms of square sails, ili?;;^f-f . 
Buoy, n. A floating mark, j.^*jg, 'i^^j^. f|;g|5 ; a 

buoy made of wood, as used in China. j:^|-^ ; Ihe 

buoy for an anchor, ^gyg, fj'jj^ ; lii(. fniov, ^^ 

Buoy, v. t. To keep afloat in a fluid, j^. j:f'^7[i: 
W\^ WH ! *o '^"oy up one's hopes, ^.SJ y^ ; (d 
flx buoys, as a direction to mariners, ^^J^Cyg, 

Buoy-rope. n. ff #,^-. 

Buoyancy, 7i. The quality of floating on Hie sur- 
face of Ihe water, uiiit?^. m$^-\m^m 

^; specific lightness, ^3.'i$^- itJ-?, ?f ^ ; 
lightness of spirits, ^f-J-f ; animation, t^Jg ; 
buoyancy of water, 7]<.l:u{i,'t.'Jj- 
Buoyant, n. Floating, jf j?. jTlg^, jf-g^i, m$i- |S 

•}-f-^ t^??, if ; light, iifi. [^jc. 

Buoyantly, adv. In a buoyant manner, l^**^, ^ 

Buoyed, 2ip- Kept afloat on Ihe water, -^ii^fj^ ; 
supported, ]MPJ,i^. 

Bupleuron, n. $^^ (?). 

Buprestidans, n. pL x\ tribe of coleopterous in- 
sects, of brilliant metallic colour. ^^\. 

Bur, Bour, Bor, ?). A chamber, pjj^, m4^ ; " cot- 
tage, ;i^, Mff- 

Bur, «. A rough prirkly covering of Ihe .seeds of 
cerfain plants, ■^; the bur of the covering of 
a shell, 5*12^^ : Imr-reed. 1^^; a roughness in 
sounding tlie Idler R. %^ [\ ;^ff. 

Burbot, n. A lish nf the genus (/rtf/((<!, shaped like 


( 174) 


Burden, * n. , also ^Yl■ittea burthen. %, ^H, ft, #E> 
^ ; that which is borne or carried on the shoul- 
(lei-j — 'H, —^M '■> '^^^ which is carried across 
the shoulder, —fe'E ; that which is carried on 
(he back, —ft ; that which is borne with dif- 
licully, ^^li, ^ts'- Ihat which is grievous, % 
p ; a birf li, ^|ll -^ ; a heavy burden. S;|H , -^ 
iki fift- ffltf' ^liTfi; '"^ 'J'^'^sl of burden, g'S 
{^i^Bi/^i^; the burden of a ship, |SK ; a ton 
(sliijfs me:isurenient), — $p, ; to carry a burden, 
111— ^ ; to be a burden to' me, g-^ Ait # A 
^^i^ ; to bear a heavy burden, or to have a re- 
.sponsible situation, ft;^, %{i- 

Burden, v.t. To load, as a ship. %% TSI; fo 
encumber a person with weight, M^{i, M 
^/ ; <o oppress with any thing grie\oiis, 0,. jt^ 
^. -m A. f!? A^^£%"//Uil ; to s:ircliarge, #^J; 
to burden with lieray taxes, 1lj]\^. %i^, M\fi\ 
to burden with contributions, ^yj^JH. 

Burdened, pp. or a. Loaded with weight, ||, ft; 
oppressed, S it iS ^- 1^'' 'x* f J ^. ; burdened 
with lazy fellows, fMA^- 

Burdener, «. One who loads, il!ef -^•. i^K^" ; an 
oppressor, fjf.-^% ^yjA^-, ® A-^-- 

Burdensome, a. Grievous fo be borne, i|'^,piS"i 
I'ftjti, ;lg ; causing uneasiness or laligue, ^r^', 
ij|^-P^;\exatious, jtRJcfMi- Vff^igfl'j; burden- 
some ceremonies, ;t^jji|. ^jjijl- 

15urdensomeness, n. The (jualily of being burden- 
some, H'i:-^-, l^a^, ^j^; oppressiveness, % 


Bureau, n. A chest of drawei's, for l.eeping papers, 
&<-'•: E^-lia- S^il^^ '■■ bureau for Leeiiiug cloth- 
ing, ^tlg ; department for the transaction of 
business by a juiblic functionary, ^j ; the office 
or comptoir, -jgjp'j, S^fi- 

Bureaucracy, n. A system in which the govern- 
ment is administered in departments, each un- 
der (he control of a chief, iJgjC; arbitrary gov- 
ernment of oifieials, ^^'b'SjC- 

Burette, ?;. In chemistry an instrument for divid- 
ing a fluid into hundredths or thousandths, ^} 

Burg, n. A city, Jj|. Si:e Borough. 

Burg-uiole, n. A borough court. Mfl'jipiP']- liil 

* 111 the Dulogates' version of tlio Old Testament the 
vord "Burden" has often loon omilted, or ^^, Ac. been 
siihstituted. We thiiili, HI, ruffn^Sli, WiM^^Mi » ould more 
agree with the Seriptural text and \slth the Christian 

Burgage, n. f^H;. 

Burgamot, Bergamot, n. ^^ ; a kind of perfume, 

Burgoois, n. t^'^^^. 

Burger-master, «. An aquatic fowl, j}^^^. 

Burgess, n. An inhabitant of a borough, or walled 
town, jgM^. iili-i; '^ magistrate of certain 
towns, Ji!#.±, il!;^'g'. 

Burgrave, n. In Germany, a hereditary com- 
mander of a burg or castle, fg, llt^fglj. 

Burg-brech, n. A line imposed on a burg, for a 
breach of the peace. pifg-^I, t^$^. 

Burgh-master, n. Q,^, If;^. 

Burgher, n. An inhabitant of a burg or borough, 
a A, ^M^-^ V\i^'fi.A-' one who enjoys the 
l)ri\ileges of a ]ilace, j^A- 7K"tA; ^-jF- 

Burghership, n. The state or privilege of a burgh- 
er, -ffi±A- 

Burglar, n. Gne guilty of nocturnal house-break- 
ing. JfiJiTt- M-iS, ~^m- ?^.^: ^3M^ ^JiiKM, 

Bi.rglarious, a. Pertaining to Imrglary, ^^g]^'-f^ 

fi^. f&MM'^k^U- constituting the crime of 

burglary, ^mM'^^iLW- 
Burglariously, adv. With an intent to commit 

burglary, AM M HJ}^ A M M 'Si U ■& ; in the 

manner of a burglar, ^^Pjjjcf,^. 
Burglary, n. The act or crime of nocturnal liouse- 

lueaking, iJ^'K, T^ti- AMtT-4lf> mmiM^ 

Burgouiaster, n. 0;^, {^-g, fl^t- \<kWj- 

liurgout, n. A kind of tliii-k gruel used by seauum. 
Burgundy, n. A kind of wine, so called from Bur- 
gundy, in France, Yli^a-Jiliii. 
Burgundy pitch, n. -(Ht'i^fT-MB- 
Burh, Burg, n. JIJJ. 
Burial, n. The act of Ijurving a deceased person, 

MW^ ii\m, m\h, mi ii#% mm, ujoj, r^ 

^, j^:^ ; to bury in a shallow grave, f^^, U5 
j/'^; the church service for funerals, JJI^ilijii, 
^^Jp^LW. ; *liL'. act of placing anything under 
earth or water, ij|^ ; to attend a burial, ig||, 
jM^:^; to prepare for burial, ^fj^. 
Burial-jilaee, n. A place approjiriatcd to (he biu"- 
ial of ihe dead, ^.\[l, i^J^. i^^. ^JJ^. j;§Jj=«, 

mi Jj't 111, i£S- 'lit'^-, UJ iit- ^- J?- lU M ; t be 
chrisdans' burial place, i^\^, tS^ : a family 
burial ground, ^^ ; a. public Initial ground,* 
ft^; a general burial-place, §l|i!i^ ;a burial- 
* The ground purchased and presented to the communi- 
ty for the burial of the poor. 




place for strangers, f^^\f[. 
Buried, pp. or a. Depnsiled in a grave or in <ho 

earlli, mil^^ AKiibfl- Ailli^^l- fMJL- Wl 

•§ ; buried in obsr-urity, Mil^. 
Burier, n. One who buries a deceased person, j", 

^, ]j'^^- ; natives, wbo guard the graves and 

bury tlu^ dead, ±X' IIiJItJ- 
Burin, n. An instrument for engraving, ^7], 

Burke, v. t. To murder a person with tlie intention 
of selling the body for dissection, |S AJS^H^- 

Burked, pp. Murdered, |§;!!i)Hj'S- 

Burl, v.t. To pick burls, or knots from cloth in 
the process of fulling, tt^^fti^i. Wti^i- 

Burlace, n. A sort of grape, m%i^^. 

Burlap, 71. A coarse shirting, t^fL^ii- 

Burier, n. A dresser of cloth, ^^%U^- \^W^ 

Burlesque, a. .Jocular tending to excite laughter 
by ludicrous images, ®f^, Uilt, ^- g, sif?-, f 

Burlesque, n. Satire, ^Hfl]. ^i^^. ^|J7; buffoon- 

Burlesque, v.t To turn into ridicule, nf ^ ; to 

make ludicrous by representation, ^-'S- 
Burlesquer, n. One who burlesques, 't^BjKAMx! 


Burletta, n. A comic ojiera, f^(-:|§. 

Burliness, h. Bulk. J^,:k.^- 

Burling-iron, n. tf^l'tiliift- 

Burly, rt. Great in bulk. Jf-^-MX- innu], ^^^ : 
falsely great, ^±: Iwisterous. 9t\W^- 

Burmali, ?i. The Kingdom of Burmih, |S(ri]H; 
the capital of Biirmah. ^%. 

Burn, v.t. ; pret. and ]ip. Jun-ncd, hui-ut. To con- 
sume with fire. JS. *^. ^Klfz- >K'M- 'X4fc. 'BM- 

m- 'Kj^.- w. 'H. mm- m- n i^- ¥,-1 m^ w- m- 
m- m- %M- n, m- m^ m- '^- «• n- 1^ i""-n 

charcoal, j^f^. JHI-f^r^: to Inirn jungle, ^lU 
'^:, •mi'^i^- M- M- W.' <'^ '""-n lli'^ gi-'iss in 
the field, cut or otherwise, jg^:^!. ^. Hg ; to 
burn lime, ;l^fi;t. ■)!*;Ei/i7f : to burn bricks, j^ 
5|., j^ft : to burn tiles. '}^%;\o burn earthen- 
ware, j^'iL^ ■- to burn crockery ware, jgi^,"^ : 
to burn books. ^Jtt; to burn books and bury 
the literati, ^#"|jtf|" to burn the moxa. ^ 
IZ'IZi'i- to burn a dead body, ^|e. ^. -ffc^S- 
>;iC^ ; to bui-n the body of a priest. |^,Cf . 7(^1 \ 
to burn paper-cloth, 'Ih^^. {t^, }3ldi<#: to 
burn incense, j^i^, ^# : to liurn paper, when 
worshipping their ancestors, JJIIK ; to burn up. 

'>m- ^fli- >J<it ■ io burn out, #■][*. j^It- 'Jt* 
5c-^fT'f;1;^; to ''"•■" '"' to brand, It^: to burn 
the filtb of a ship's bottom, f^,,^ : to burn one 
alive. J^^, ^'^i^fM : to burn a few additional 
faggots of grass. ^jijA:'K: hurn it ! j[A;V. >;< 
^■Si.- M^ '• to burn wood, jifi^^ : to liurn 
coal,":)^^ : to burn the ken, UJ^lt- Wi^k ■ to 
burn the flower-gun, j^|2?'&- 

Burn, r. z. To be on fire. ■^^. ;{ft^T : to burn, 
as a house. ^>K. >K'f^- W^^fT ^ i^piUf. T^]l2 
M'X'. to shine. ^1% ; to be inflamed with pas- 
sion, ?*'X'!i-fl?r;- * '■Jtli'^- ^iti'i'n ■ to hurn dim and 
faint. [i^%. 'f^i% : to burn with rage. nfi'^cIH 
ii'tra-MS^-'X)lt5-'l!i'4'?li^: loliUKn with love, 
^.»ii-'M:tobe in a glow. ftj-:-.. Xfiiifit? : 
to be aflected with a sensation of heat, ^f ^'s. |* 
']$ : to burn out. j^jij,®. ; to make the fire liurn, 
Piil- 5fX: to Imrn incessantly. mM- ^l' f^ik'K- 

Burn, n. A small stream or rivulet. ^. 

Burn, Burns, n. A hurt or injin-y of the flesh, 
caused by the action of the fire. >X.M, 'X'M- "X 
•]^- >K 2^"- iM< ^- Xm M ; tl'fi operation of 
bm-ning or baking, Jf-;:^. 

Burned, Burnt. /)]). or «. Consunv'd with fire, j^ 

Burner. ??. A person who linrns or sets fire to 

anything. {^^. if ^-g". tX^-- 
Burnet, n. Pimpinelln, M\k <?)• 
Burning, ppr. Consuming with fire, fA' ; burning 

with rage, ^jj^t; a burning mirror. F^ !^ ; 

raging as fire, ^J'X; glowing, ^I J^. 'XlUt; 

burning wells, >X^^- 
Burning. «. l^fuch heated. H^/. ardent, ^jfj. : a 

burning or fiery disposition. XM- X'llt • the 

burning deserts, Ijjltfj, ; Imrning liot. t^5]J ; a 

smell of burning. t^>K^^- "K^ iff; head 

burning hot, W,fc^- 
Burning-glass, n. >XM- M'K^)l- 
Bm-ning-mirror, n. Pgl^. fl'ift- 
Barnish. r. ^ To polish bv friction, li^f ^. )E| ^, fX 

m- m m- wi- mn 'Jt- \^- nt m- ^, m m ■■ to 

))urnish metal, ^Jlg. ;f,>#IU7t. 
Burnisli. v.i. To grow lu-ight, ^i'Fl-, S^^'M- ^ 

5trR-; to grow, ^j^: to spread out. ^DCA- 
Burnish, n. Gloss, .t-iff]. 3ti'i)-. TtV'ij-^ ; bright- 
ness. ^, ^ftj^f. F^^t : Instre. ;Wv. 
Burnished, pp. Polished. ^%'A-l"vA^-fiW,%.- 
Pf Ttii; made glossy . %\fi-^ ^M- hurnished 
* Ttie first sentence is chiefly used in a vulgar sense, 
t The latter sentence stands chiefly for the past pariti- 


( 176 ) 


metal, i±, iff^, %M : burnished, as a gem, 5t 

Burnisher, n. The person who polishes. |g £ ^% 

^i'lj-ilA; nn "gate burnisher, i|^0f ; au 

iron burnisher. ^'^Hi- 
Burnishing, p^r. Polishing, ilf jt-^5t; making 

smooth and glossv, fi^i^-^, ^Ttif ; burnish- 

Burnoose, Burnos, n. An upper cloak or garment 

among the Arabs. :}z^f, J^^-- 
Burnt, pjj. ora. Consumrd, 'KVC^T ^ 'Xit'^- 'Ji'i 

p^, •l^'X ; seorehed hv fire, i'iSi : si'Oi'ehed liy the 

heat of the sun, PST, WAT- 
Burnt-ear, n. A diseate in grain, by which the 

seed is rendered abortive, and its coat covered 
. with a black powder, M^- 
Burnt-otl'ering, * n. Something ofiered, and burnt 

on au altar, as au atonement for sin, j,^^, $5 

Burr, )). A roughness in sounding the letter R, ^fj, 
E i:i%^'^. 1^ ; the lobe of the ear, If J*; tl^e 
round knob of a horn next a deer"s head, Ig. ^ 

Burr-pump, Bilii-e-pumii. n. A large kind ot pump, 

Burr-stone, Buhr-stone, n. A stone used for mak- 
ing mill-stones, 1^^. 

Burras-pije, n. An inslrunu^nt or vessel used by 
surgeons to keep corroding powders in, j^^"^, 

Burrel, n. The red butter pear. .fuTlLVlI]^- 

Burrel-fly, n. The gad-ljee, ||ji.. 

Burrel-shot, n. Small shot, as nails, stones, &c., 

Burrow, «. Burgh or Borough, which see. 

Burrow, n. A hollow place in the earth, '^, g, 
g^ : a rabbit's burrow, ^^\'^ subterranean 
residence, such as the poor ancient Chinese 
used to inhabit, f^^, Jtfi. "mm^ Mm- 

Burrow, v. i. To exravate a lioli' under ground, J[J 

mt ffiist. m% wiLfi '^n% M^'fi^- 

fMg-Kli!i^5-c,'#Jik;!^5^-^iE; <« burrow 

like a pig, |f\S]ikfi. ^ll-JfS'ii* ; to burrow 
like insects, ^, !l||< ; tn lodtiv in anv deep or con- 
cealed place, ^^sa^' "i^^mm ^^^-^ ijM 

Bur]-owing, ppv. Lodging in a liurrow. '^Ij'k'yZ, 
KH; the burrowing spider, jiftjl^l!].-, Ji.Ji|-, 

Bursar, n. A treasurer, Sffi- ^SStg- ^'3^; » 
student, to whom a stipend is paid out of a 
purse, ^^!^.^. 

Bursarship, n. The otfice of a bursar, <§=,^^, ^ 

* Vide Genesis 22, 2-13 ; Numbers 23, 15, 17 ; 2 Sam. 
6, 17, 18 ; Job 1, 5 ; Ps. 20, 2 ; Ps. 50, 8 ; Ps. 51, 18. 

Bursary, n. The treasury of a college, or monas- 
tery, $^; a stipend for the support of indigent 
students in a university, or college, ^\^. 

Burse, Bourse, ». A public edifice in certain cities, 
for the meeting of merchants, to consult on mat- 
ters ol trade and money, ^ Ai^PJi- "^A^^- 

Burst, r. !. ; pret. and pp. humt. To break open 

with forc.^ mm- 'iivffii:' mn^- mn^ mwi- is- 

m% mn- IliS!)- If a^ ■■ to burst Hke a liag, ^ 
§1- 11)3- ili: t'-' '-""St I'l^'^ " sausage, ^^ffif], ^^ 
H^. g[ : to burst to pieres, ^^. f| Jf^ ; to break 
away, gjjfit : to burst upon with violence, ^*Jc 
fl^j. ^^in^it^' ; to rush upon suddenly, ^^ 
M*- ^ff^iiS : to issue suddenly, ^kij^ai, 
'4rf;|tjff {ij ; to liurst forth, as a stream, jlj. ; to 
burst forth, as fire, jf.^ff: to burst, as an 
abscess. ^ ; to burst, as a shell, iE-iK : to burst, 
as a bud. rpy^, Rf] ; to burst with laughing, ^ 

m^Mm- mmm- ^^mu^^^- to burst 

into laughter. ^.^,^%- ?*-^ : enough to make 
one burst. EWISf?*]- S-^f^l ^ to burst into 
tears, f^,^fi:A:"j^ fSS^J ; to burst forth, as 
the sun.'iS*fcfl3P.^;. Plill; to burst forth, as 
vegetation, '^ ^^ ?f ^. ."'f? ^ ^ ^ ; the tub's 
hoops have burst. tiU'lfT ; to crack. ^ ; to 
burst in the dike. m^M- 

Burst, v.t. To break open by force, {Sp.^Til, S| 
!)3- ^iBfl ■■ to open suddenly, %^. 

Burst. )(. An explosion, j:^^; a violent rending, 
Ij^fl ; a rupture, or hernia. ^JnII ^ ; to have a 
liurst, to have a rupture. ^thWj^i- 

Burst, pp. Kent asunder by violence. iiJig.gJjfi. 

Burstcnness, n. The hernia, )]NlJ§iCli- 

Burster, n. One who bursts, m'^' i^uk^- M^ 

Bursting, pjir. Barling by violence, i^-^. ^^, 
^ii'^,^i : Imrsting into tears. !3M±.^ ! ''"''st- 
ing like a shell, J^-St ; bursting into joy. f)[, 
'4ii?3M^ '• bursting forth like a torrent, '^f^, 
$,ii\ ; Imrsling, as a bud, i, IJ^, Jj?. 

Burt, V. A flat fish of the turbot kind, ^J. JtS 

Bmthcn. n. 'SVf Burden. [^. 

Burton, n. A small tackle formed by two blocks 
or pulleys, j^l. 

Bury, n. Bee Burg and Borough. 




Bury, V. t. To entomb, gM- ^S> ffiig^ i^' M 

m,mn-mAX^m-m\ <o cover with eanh 

S, JlitJlli; to bury in oblivion, ^tJtT ^f^lK 
^ ; to bury the lialclirl, ^fu, l^J^ ; lo bury 
one alive, 0^-^, :}CiIiSz^^*. -^X^^LM ; to Iniry 
alive, as the ancient Cliinese, P*4'?- ?nj||l ; to 
bury one's self alive, j[il:g, ^.Miil^ ; to bury 
in rich dresses and a costly coiBn, J[^^ ; to 
bury in a mat, i^.^: to bury in a shallow 
grave, 5^; to bury in another grave. jg-|^, t^ 
^ : to bury the bones of the dead, %Z^ MM'- 
lo burn the books and bury the literati. ^^' 
JKH; to bury by (he roadside. ^, IflKJItJ \ 
to conceal resentment, jj!^, ; to bury paper 
with writing on it, a superstitions (iraetice, jg! 
^Ilt ; to carry out to lairy, Hi^. 

Bury-pear, n. Butter jiear, ^fLvlIl^- 

Burying, fpr. Interring, |^^, ^^ ; burying in 
oblivion, ^Uf)- 

Burving. n. The act of interring the dead, ^jg 

Burying-ground, jk l^llj.^illl. 

Burying-place, ??. Ji'J^ ; grave, J/t^- '^ce Burial. 

Bush, n. A shrub with branches, ;j^tS}; a cluster 

of shrub.-.. ^M-mM-mMWM-'^-m^M- 

^^■WM- -i liramble-lMish, ^.fij:albxtail, 
IMv^Ki 'i ^ branch of a tree tixod or hung out 
as a tavern sign, igf^'fi. jgrgi,! ; a circleof 
metal let into round holes or orifices to prevent 
their wearing. ^^. ^^^i] : a bush of hair, 
— '^^ ; good wine needs no bush. ^jli^^K 

Bush, 1-. i. To e;row thick or bushv, ^\^'^.f^\^ 

n^i. ^mm^ ^^nm^^ 'm^^in- 

Bush, v.t. To line an orilico with metal to pre- 
vent its wearing. Mt^Jil^E, mn^M- 

Bushman, ?;. A race of savages at the Cape of 
Good Hope. \^m'^'^\n±.WWi- Wtk- 

Bushel, * n. — '^, ^^ ; a dry measure, contain- 
ing eight gallons, or four peeks. In the United 
States, it is equal lo 2150 and in England to 
2318 cubic inches : a large quantity, ]^^ ; the 
box of a wheel, fXM-'^M- 

Bushelage, n. A duly payable on commodities liy 

the bushel, ^M-»- 
Bushel, n. A wood, \l\^y%. 
Bushiness. n. The quality of being bushy, ^^, 

"jX^^^ • the liushiness of bamboo and firs, •f'J 

* ^l^SlS-^f-5i+:^¥Tl-^^- Bushel ; '^Mm 
r:T;:W-+A:S^Tl-^JS-' Bushel. 

Bushy, a. Full of branches, MMM \ fu^ of '^ush- 

e«. n- a%- 1%^- 'd;^' s^; i™s^y i>i-« ^^ 

fox's tail, Ji, jd : a bushy beard, t^tG^,^ 

Busied, fp. of hiisij. 

Busiless, a. 'Wilhout liusiness, ^!Jn[f§.feE^l^,*f. 

m^- *^|f- mfM ; ^t leisure, flj], ^f^. 
Busily, «('(■. AVith constant occupation, ^f^. ^ 

%J^')l\ busily employed. ifvmW.- ^f§M 

with an air of hurry or importance. j^Jt^TC; 
with loo much curiosity, if'lIi^^.tT^V'iW'M 
I?; importunately. Pf p^. ^W^^Mk- 
Business. 1). Affair, employment, ^, ^il, '^%^, 
\}m- ^S. X*. f-#. ?if§. ^#' l^'f-f' ^ 

m- *r- .f?c- it, V-&5:. «f . !;}:■• :^ ^ ; tmcio, a^ 

M- IK §./• •*fe3 ■ '■on'-erii. jC-iIj:; important busi- 
ness, '^'$-, M^^. ^1? : pressing or urgent 
business, ^'^, f;|f. ^,^: rules of business, 
■^.^\\ ; I will make it my business, -^j^PS, 
vB>]l^i\M- W^'&i^i'' noi to attend lo business, 
/PS-^: to have Inisiuess to attend to, ^^^ 
public business, ^vq?, .jViJ;^. JV J§ ; a trilling 
business, Jh^, )]n)]n^#, ^P|^; the busi- 
ness of the world, ilt|f, i!i-|^ ; it is your busi- 
ness, fs,!lf;i;^. f'f f^> : it is none of vour business, 

P&G^f^^f^- |iifir>*ST^ ^T^wif, MT^^fii-^; 

to clear off business. ^I^ : to do the business 
for a man, |5 A^ iS A. i'JC A^C^; :i '^'ifl business, 
If^-^f^. Ig^: mucli business, 1?^^. ^^, 
3|j^^. ^iW^; overrun with care and business, 
If '^-a Tit; to have no business, te|?. ^agjilf^, 
^.■Slffr^i; fn extensive business, ^^^,- i^fl 
^\ a prosperous business, ^;g:tri-.'i-a. :4'^5| 
Itf. ; great success in business, :^||Ut, ll-A^- 
^SMfH; a low business, fg;^^; to com- 
mence business, PHtlifl- Kift- €4^; to 
commence a new business. Ufl^- to become 
partner in a business. AlFif^-- -^fl- : to nuin- 
age a business, Sg^-MSfif'-^ilSEV-^'S^' 
lo be engaged in Irading business, "^f^' fk^ 
^-; I have no business, ^Bllg- ; what is you 
iaisinrss? mit\l^- f^-^'f^lf^'"^- Wat-^' 

what is vour profession? flJ-tX^- 'fii'ti^tl' 
fffSlIf^; this is my business, r;)£ (ifif^:?S7ti^, 
f^;5X-5>[S]||:; the business of the ^-amuu being 
over, i^tt/ijP! ; your business, ^-#. 

Business-like, «. Being in the true manner of 
business. m%MM- mVM^- 

Busk, n. A piece of steel, or whalebone, worn by 



( 178 ) BUT 

women on the breast, W^WI^'vM- M 
Busk, i;. i. or t. To be l)usv, ^:^ ; to prepare, f^ 

Busked, a. A\ earing a busk, ^M?^- 
Busket, n. A small bush, ;]^|g, — ^fM- 
Buskin. «. A kind of lialf boot, fftljj!. '^UW- ^ 

t'lft- fsM- mmm, m^ flJIS; buskins worn 

by aetors, ^^^■ 
Buskined, a. Dressed in buskins, -^Iffel!^. 
Busky, a. Bushy, |g, n^U- 
Buss, n. A kiss, ||l^, ^1^, V^B- 
Bust, 71. In sculpture, the ligure of a person in 

relief showing only the head, shoulders and 

stomach, i^^i^. Wl^- 
Bustard, n. ^f,^. 
Bustle, V. i. To stir quick, ^.ft, $WM- 'K't'tStttt, 

^\tm^- ititmfk- fSi^fgif^.^- ^iS'SMfl: 

to be very active, fg^if:. f^ff^^; to bustle 
about for a living. ^ P #S|, ||;] P [3:^. 
Bustle, «. Hurry, m^^- ttl- "KS'lt- t-5£- ^^' 

mm- mn^ itit- ir-it, it?*- tt^^- ittt^^ 

?i- tti;±|f : gi-rat stir or fuss, jiimWi- W' 
X-m^!l * irMM- •! Ki-eat noise and tumult. 

ifmmmwy m^- mm- mm- n^m-^ 

bustle and confusion, |^fL, #$j>iL : ■'"«"'-' of 
a market, 9pfM 1^- "t*^ ^- I'f^ll!^ ; every 
thing in a bustle, ^ 'Si; Jill It ! without hurry 
or Inistle. yf^tt ^'KS ; do not be in such a bustle, 
M'MM- ^i§ ^ ■' '" "'^^•^''^ '^ bustle in the world, 
^ A^Mm^ ^ A^5t. -1> Atm; 110 bustle, ^ 
Ifir; joyful l)ustle, ll^DM: bustles. ^it- 
Bustler, n. #1t^, mwmA- i:5J±A 

Bustling, jjjjy. or a. Stirring, 

f- ^1ti 

f|i?g^ir #^^$|f, ^>iK, #tt, ^,&, i:ia. 

t:5l' 3^2}$#* : UKiking a great fuss, iJ-JiM. 


Busto, 11. A Inist, which see. 

Busy, n. Employed with constant attention, ^ 

f, ^RD^f^KI,^ 

■'^t.t^B'f^^,; very 

busy, i/. ^ -41, iif. ^ X ^. ^ 5f , I? f^ S.,^. ; 

having no leisure, ;^lf^, ;^ j|„ fiftfiS H , MRj'i ; 

a busy brain. ^^%k \ husy inquirer, jig^, 

|]^'^; import una le, l^^t [I^ ; a busy season or 

month, Ri;^, Mil; husy at work, If^-, fj^J; 

busy <at prayers, vexatious, ^'^^A- 
Busy, v.t. To employ with constant attention, |3 ; 

to keep engaged. ^.^\]]\. fJiJiSK, -1>:7f|:X- 
Busy-l)ody, 5;. A mi'd.dlinii' person, fi^i^fl'j A-iJ-^ 

^. ^"^iLA, 'iim%^-, one v>'!.o officiously 

concerns himself with (he atTairs of others, |§£ 

uAtM- ^-LUAt^^- mm^'iA, i£i# 

Busy-minded, a. Having an active mind, ^i i^^^ 

But. pi-L-p. ovcniij. Except, f^, 7", f^,^, ^, $|> : 
besides, ^/J\s, g^^h: "iiless. |I^.#. ^gj^: only, 

m- m%. n. im- -li. m- m- ^- p.- m- w. 
B- fm^ 75, li- 5fi. ^, \m. '\t^- m^x- '^ut 

one, 'in—; but that, -[t^g: ; hut few, P^^J; : we 
wore all there but you. Wli'^-^i^^ii-^ WA'^- 


6g ; the last but 

* Tills seiitonce caunot lio used in Punti. 

one, ^ f^^'— -1^. If/i; ^'; you cannot but 
know, li^jij, T>aT>^^ ^m^*n; I eould 
not hut, ^i#^. ^^ ; not one but is provided, 
^-'^fM- ^^fSlM : \vhat reader but knows, 
M^ltlr-'-fSi; !^lie does nothing but cry, Jfff^. 
n^'^- mimi 'It^'mi- -M5S ; it is no- 
thing but fear, T^iStSPS- ^iSIgS : nothing 
but a scratch, T»i§$^tll ; to eat but little, % 
^M^. >>'J/^fi:j; be but ruled by me. ^^ 
^^- P-.^^m%- 'li!««; but for you, ^#f^„ 

mm-^- WLi^mi^- mmy-m- I'ut just now, 

iJafj- PiWi]- 'f» RT, :^.1^: but a while since, t^ 
.^iJ. %W^- %m^- but" here again, 'ItSH^jlfc, 
'51M^- 3l^ilt; lj"t yet, f^J, -fiSjii; but also, 
>)r>#- 5iff:- 3iW; but as to, 7'y^, gJJ; but 
at ])resent, H'-^. \^^ ; but if. fUg ; but then. 
^P.i] : but there are, -flf-^ ; but I don't know, 
ffl^^- ffl.I'S-531 : he has not only the courage 
to do so. but, ^fH(®. 75 ; not only this, but, 
^}®jlfc' 75; not only courageous, but also skill- 
ful in contriving, ";?; fH;^^^ £ ^l« : they 
have feet, but cannot walk, ^ IIP 'It ^^ fg fr ; 
mouths iiave they, but speak not. ■ff pUJj ^>s*; 
I should like to go, but only fear, f!cS-iP>tfl ; 
I have nothing to say, but, 45Sl^g!:faP>S; 
luit fur this man, I must have jierished, ^|^ 
jlfcAflcniJMi^; I "ivish it. but another person 
is mastH-, ^ 7^. >ls ;f;Sfi ^ W SlJ Aif-±\ Imt 
more, VJi, |l, JJifl., 4^, 4;^, |E^. 

But, n. An end, FH- ^ ; a limit, J??, |i|i, ^ g ; 
the end of a plank in a ship's side or Ijottoui, 
which unites with another, j!^W.^% 

But, c. i. To be bounded by, Ig, ^. P^. 

But-cnd, 7i. The largest or blunt end of a thing, 
i<M.^ !f:j ; the but-end of a musket, ^]^ ; the 
but-end of an arrow, |?^, fi^jf. 

Butcher, n. One who slaughters animals lor mar- 

i^et, iH- *■ ^ A- ^ )^-^ 

pork-butcher, gl^t ff, '^ Jt ^, '^\ one who 




kills men, or commands troops to kill them, 
^^^ ^n^- m^- #^: bntflicr's shambles, 
m\Hm- <1"5 I'nlclKTs Irougli. ^IJJgfg. 

Butcher, r.t. To slan.irhler. or kill animals for i 
food, or for market, j^l], J^. i"li1|^. ^ ; to butcher 
people, ^-Sj, ^^, ^^. Jftfi ; 1o murder or 
put to death with rrnelty, j^^lA; '" liutcher 
cadle, g1j^, ^^; to butcher pi.s:?, ^f||J^. 5^ 
Jg-; to JMilcher Ihe people, J^W.'S^^ J^^B^K- 
J^; to capture men and butcher lliom, as prac- 
tised by the villagers, i£ A gfl]- 

Butcher-])ird. n. Shrike, ||, f[g^®, fn $|-, j^M, 

Butcher-row, ?;. The row of shambles, ifTJ^^fJ- 
Butchered, pp. ova. Killed, g1|-g. Jf ■§, t^-^, ^ 

iSiS- l-ilci§: lliey butchered tiim in cold 

bleed, m>\JpfVMfiL- 
Butchering-, ppi-. Slaughtering, j^ll- J§, ^U ; to 

prohibit butchering animals, *Si^", *^^. *^jl: 

Butcherly, a. Savage, 5{i,^J; cruel. I,-}!'!^.; murder- 
ous, %^. 

Bulchers-broom, n. Knee-holly, \yi\^. 

Butchery, n. The business of slaughtering cattle 
for the table, or for market, ^l^^qj, glliS 
^, M^^^T^'r massacre, or great destruction 
of human life, i^^^^^; the jilace where 
animals are killed for the market, J^^. J^M- 
murder, l^il,^. 

Bulhphalmum, u. "y'^Hj. 

Butler. «. ^^. •^^. ^:@|. ^iili?; an at- 
tendant at table, jjs^, f^^^; a cup-bearer, 
MS?^-- -Li®^; in China, a comprador, g^j?, 
and a ial)lc servant, f^ff , often perfiu-m all 
the duties specified under the word butler. 

Butlerage, n. In England, a duly formerly levied 

on wine, j@^. 
Butlership, ». The office of a butler. <g-^f||, X 


Butuient, ii. A buttress of an arch. ^^]'-\ : the 
mass of stone or solid work at the end of a )>ridge. 
by which Ihe extreme arches are sustained, flj 

Butt, /). End, M-'Jl ; -1 "inrk to be shot at, g^, 
ifl'6- 1C ; tlie point where a mark is sot or 
li.xcd to be shot at, i^j^, ffi-^; the point to 
which a purpose or effort is directed, 1,(^, j^^ 
!S.(4; the aim, ^.. iz"^-' the person at whom 
I'idieule, jests, or contempt are directed. JS^ 
^ ; a broad hinge or bult, ^^ll^^: a push 
given )iy the head of an animal, — ^, — ^^, 

— ^ ; a cask whose contents are two hogsheads, 
or a pipe, — jflj : the end of a jilank in a ship's 
bottom, l^fgpJi; butts and bounds, {see Butts); 
a butt's lenghth, —- n^J§. — fll^K ; to run fall 
bult at one, ^^. ^j|g, ^j-^l; a butt of wine, 


Butt-end, «. >S'ee But -end- 
Butt, !■. I. To thrust the he;id forward, as cattle, 

®. n-mm-B-m- f&- m- n- #• w. m- ^ ; 

to butt at, l^^; to butt against. f^Jg. ^^, 
®# ; butt against it, !)g^^fg, Jt^jg. 

Butted, 2>p. Struck with the head. !}g;^.|^|ii^ ; 
having abuttals. ^^^^. ^^M- S- ^-• 

Butter. «. fL-illl- M'Sl +i}?LviIl- fit fi^^Vill. FiS 
-BF- ®S; ''"till- fi-"in c(.w-milk, 4-?LviIl- 4*^ 
Vi!i: salt Imlter. MWa\1- ^?\M- fresh butter, 

Butter, i-.i. To smear with liutter, J-.-fLvill- t?|L 
jllj; a slice of bread and butler, Ji^'Lvilll'i'j^^ 
"S ■, butt<>r of lead. ^^"^ : butter vi' antiniuny, 

Butter-lump, n. The bittern, '^^. 

Butter-burr. n. A plant, a sjiecies of tussilcKjo, 

Butter-cup. n. A siocies of ranunculus. ^^. 
Butter-Hower, ?). A vellow flower, ^§1^. 

Butterfly, n. mt-'mM. m%- Wkk- m.h w ; 

Atlas butterfly (moth). :f'4 itJt |tilSA'#: a 
large species of butterfly. )yj$'i>: large butterflies 
from the Lofau mountains. ||t?fllj^'- 

Bii I f erfl y - va 1 ve . H . ^If^r^ P^ . ' 

Bulteris. n. An instrument of steel set in wood 
for paring the hoofs of a horse. .f^iPTJ- Wj^ 


Buttermilk, ». ^mv(^.- f!?ft- 

Butternut, «. The truit of an American trie, Ihe 

jiKjJans clnerca, Vll]f^^-J-- 
Butter-print, Butter-slaniji. n. A jiiei-e of carved 

wood, used to mark the cakes of liuttej-, :JLviIj:f|i 

Butter-tooth, n. |'^3f • 

Butter-wife, Butler-woman, H?Lvil]^W^ ?LV"Ji^- 
Butler-wort. n. ^'^^. Ujfg^i. 
Buttery, a. Having the qualities of butler. :JLM] 

fl'I- '%WU '■ having I lie api'earance of butter. 

\ Buttery, n. Store-room, i^^l^- 
Buttino-, ppy. Strikino- with the head. ©.^J^. ^. 
I'.utlock. „. The rump.' II, ,|0. ^1]$. Jf^'/gf. ^^-. 

■ m- /f • #■ I5- m- m- W^- M^ •• "'<> eonvexHy 
i of a ship behind, under the stern, ^J^. 




iHiR', button or knob 
1 lilt tons that can be 

Buttock-broker, n. i}^A- 

Buttock-mail, n. i^gk^- 

Button, V. M, mH- $1^ 
of a lock, ISM, iia; 

taken off like studs, ^ift^P ; fin official button, 
—W-W.^ H?' MH' MM- ^ bud, ^; a win- 
dow button, 'fJl; a brass Initton, MiJi^^t}; a 
plain button, ^^St; ornamental buttons, :jf^ 
IJ-; hollow, ornamental buttons, j^flilJi;: gilt 
buttons, ^^iJh- ehrysoprase buttons, as worn 
by the rich, g|^3?Jl; crystal buttons, worn 
when in mourning, yKmi-R, iR^Jk; glass but- 
tons. gJi^lp-?; to wear a button, as Chinese 
officials, i^]^; to make a cloth button, fgi;-^ 

Button, r. f. To lasteu with a button, |of±, ^P 

lill; to unbutton. mUtiH^ fjIfjfl-tilH- 

Button-bush, «. A North American evergreen 
shrub, :a§^(?). 

Button-hole, «. The hole or loop in which a Init- 
ton is caught; native button-hole, |jg, ^jip, 
iftP^ ; foreign button-hole, lUP. 

Button-maker, n. One whose occupation is to make 
buttons, tTMrif#, IrKtila&Tlf^:- \'^- 

Button-stone, n. A species of figured stone, iJl^X 

Button-tree, n. Conocarpus, Uli}. 

Button-wood, n. Plantamisocc'ulcntaUs, 3^-J-tSI- 

Buttoned, pp. Fastened with a button, ^nijli^, 

Buttoning, ppv. Fastening wilh a bullou, -JTlfi, 

Buttress, n. A prop, |i, |i ; a \vall or aliutiiieut 
1)uilt archwise, serving to support another wall 
on the outside. ^^, WM. m.Wi\t^ Mli, Ml 

wmi- mmk- ^ •• a sui^port. m^. nni ■■ ^n 

inclined wall, Ig i£- ; the buUress of a bridge. 
WM- tSfl, WM- <li'' buttress of a wall.)j^',lHl, 
jjl*^^ ; buttresses of a state, -^fi; a buttress 
of a state, [it±. 
Buttress, V. t. To jirop, ^i.^,^i.ii: to support by 

a buttress, mMi^- mm±- 

Buttressed, pp. or a. Supported with a buttress. 

Butts, n. pi. A place where archers meet to shoot 
at a mark, ^^■^; short ridges often left at the 
angles of Held in plowing land, i|g il K lt& ! 
sides of the thickest and sloiilest sole-leather, 
J[£ ; butts and bounds, |f g. 

But-wink, «. A bird, '^gg. 

Butyraceous, Butyric, k. Having the qualities of 

butter, |LvlI)g{j; resembling butter, ILvllilOilili- 
Butyric, n. Butyric, acid is an acid found in 

iHitter, nmi 
Butvrine, n. A peculiar oily mailer in butter. ^ 


Buxeous, a. Belonging to the liox-lree, 55^1^6^. 

Buxina, Buxine, n. An alkaloid obtained from the 
luxus sempervirens, or common box. ^j^j^- 

Buxom, a. Obedient, |^||nJKj, M.%, ^{^, M'^ 
m- lively, ^iS,^'^; wanton, ^a:,5, CL»ii'- 

Buxomly, adv. Wantonly, ^*Ji. 

Buxoraness, n. Briskness, 'l;)ijj§'g",t^^; amorous- 
ness, ^^.i.^,%^. 

Buv, v. t.: pret. and pp. hou(/ht. To purchase, g, 

k- s*, SA, iiT. m- ik- w:- m- k^. hsj. 

Ili"^!- ^ ; t" I'li.V and s-11, 1[^, MK ■• <o buy 
upon trust, n;,;^, ''lo buy fear," bribe, 
or buy one ofl', ^f^ ; •■ lo buy water," to throw 
some cash in the river when fetching waf^^r to 
wash a deceased parent wilh. ^^JC; to buv an 
office, i^t- -f^fi; to l'".y a 'i'le- liJ&S": 'o 
biiy fame, fi^fg. ^^, H®^ ; 'o buy people's 
hearts, to win their hearts Iiy lavishing mon- 
ey or other things on them, "^flg Aj6 ; to pur- 
chase goods, HI:, MffJilKif^; to take 
money with the intention to jiurchase goods 
cheap, ll>cM '■ 'o fuiy a stock of goods betbrehand, 
??lit, t'']fSII ; to buy "CO, ^ 7(t ; lo buy rice 
cheap. zpH; lo buy goods cheap, gfft^i, g 
il'fSS; '0 engross or buy up goods, ^, ^^; 
to buy and lay up, Jiffi. JiJi^: lo buy a 
horse, m.^- HS.^ : 'o buy wine. ;"((,-}§; to buy 
ibr ready money.. ^§R'M. '• to buy from him. [iT] 
flil, MM ••"lo l"i.v "P goods. |/;f g, fJIg ; to 
relect and buy, ^/i^M ! 'o buy out or olf, g;[[ ; 
to purchase the share or shares of a person in a 
stock. 1^, H^)J50> ; to pny dear for, ^^, 

Buv. V. i. 



To negotiate 

joul a purchase, l%^^. ^ 

liuyer, n. A purchns^r 

k"^-^'i.- iri^jA- 

Buvinfi-. ppr. Purchasing. '^. j^, ^; liuyin 
selling, IR. I^f . 

Bu/.z, c. i'. To make a low, humming sound, as 
insects. #, -j^l^. f|i-^'^.:?f ; to buzz, like a crowd 
of people, ^nf^l'tl^'l! ; to speak wilh a low. lium- 
iiiing voire. -^fff.'JIin^War- fK"^''^^.: to buzz 
about, ^llfl. ^IWl. 

Buzz, r.f. 'lo w'hispcr. or spread, as a report, ^ 


( 181 ) 


Buzz, n. A buzz like mosquitoes, ifeinH'I'S ; tl'c ''"''■z 
of mosquitoes, ifei''^ ; buzz of a crowd, ll^l'^^?- 

Buzzard, n. A speeies of hawk, ||. ^%, ^('?); a 
bloek-licad, $^^. 

Buzzard, a. Senseless, stupid, f^fsti, ^|fll- 

Buzzer, «. A whisperer, f|;I*,„'i-^-,f|K,^fi^% «? 

Buzzing, 2^pi'- ov a. Jlaking a low, liuiiiniing 
sound, -i^f'l; whispering-, i^mji, %^ 
a^ ; a buzzing green tly, g^iffll'l. 

Buzzing, n. A noise, as of a erowd of people, |i^ 
I's^' I'jxPjS^ ; ^ buzzing in the ears, gn,|, )[* 
Hh^' M ■' <l^e buzzing or liuui of insects, ^•^. 

By, i)ye2). Near, close, j^, -.f, E'Jl- l\li- ^'''^^' ''^ 
motion, $Si^, i§i£ : through or with, denoting 
the agent, means, instrument or cause, jy, ^j^, 
jfl; through, tij, ;{^; to sit liy one, M^, i£ 
^; by the town, JSiM; by the river side, ;^ 
M>S ; to Fss by the church, |Silip??5t% ii 
JEif #^ ; day by day, HI , %X ■ .V^'^^i' 'jJ 
year, ^i^, 'jE^ : it iuts 1 een so year by year, 
M^ am. m ^li in .S, a ^P in i ; article by 
article, tfjgfi, |j:|l% m^, Exix: liy the space 
of seven yea rs, ^ rfp i: ^ , ^ r^ ^ Fh"] , -t: ^PlI' 
g^; by this time, jl^Ilt. Wi^^' by or according 
tfi H^, -^'^ ; *'ii^ apjiears by his own account, 
m ftil ±1^ PJ" Wii ± ; tli''s"<^ iiie good rules to 
live by. :^ Jffcf/l! fT4' MjltF/llli/ff ; to say 
bv heart, ^, ^ ; to go out by the side door, ^ 
^Hltl : to come by land. tT5&*- MB'i^t^ . 
til^iftlS- IS41f&^}5: to come by ship, ^JiSft 

oned by the acre, Jj'iuXM'fil ; *o sell by the 
pound, ^SJf H-i)i/r!l ; '" \\«'l^ 'jy I'nle, ffiU 
^1®; to swear by heaven, ^:^4lfli^S ^&%'t3 
i5,f! ; he has a cask of wine bv liim, ^ffiiSP^. 
ffiH-^-lf , %-Wm^iiLi,W ■■ to sit by one's self, 
j^^; to stand by one's self, gji; set it by 
ilself, ^^|f[]9— li>", jru-i:—)^; be is by him- 
self, -fErjIt. mWMM, ffiftllfr: ; to be present 
by attorney, ?«;t-Lf^S; north l>y west, ;I1:^ 
flvflf'jH; the cause by which, J'Jxi^j^!^; I bave 
no money Ijy me, ^^ |R ft # , ^ f| IR H: i' ± , 
yi<^im^^ ; to stand by one, ^f jj/j A- #/i£ 
^^n : take example by him. ^ff7. JJjfiii, jt-fili ; 
si.e is with child by you, fi;8^f^;f;r>*H'j. mi! 
|1tH?JWS5: : be had two children by her, Jfcfg 
dlli^i-ff- lilftil^:^^; he is loved by every 
one, A AgiS'^fE- '^Mm^^y^y Ijirtb, ^.Ulfi 
'!i.]f!!®- ^JiCDf^: ; I'.v trad,, a halirr, mu^m- 
tamed 1)V the lath, :|ifi^,:$P^; by candle-light. 

\fi\iK, mi^; to work by candle-light, '^i^i^ 
X^, ff^lSX; by the favour of night, ^^fg, 
mB. ; Kv night, ^r^^. ^(z ; by chance, ij^f,%, 

T>#- ^;i' ; 'o' iiio uauu., mt^Mit^- B=l- 

i£6§^ ; to subdue peopb' by virluc, J^f^^jJ^ A ; 
s ize hiui by force, frfifg. ^^'jfi^, }\\-)J^ 
fill; to keep people down by lon-i', ^J,-)}]^\; 
killed by the sword, f:ii]1^%\ to attack by 
tile. iU'ABci: ; liy Ibe way, ifj^ ; to remark 
by the way. ^f — f'}:|j: ; by the bulk, |j|^lf£ ; by 
retail, f^ffj:. jS/f^^ ji#; by the i.iece, %—; 
by stealth. -(i^JffiJ, a|fft. [^ft ; liy virtue of, jg; 
bydinf of, J^i.: by wiiat nn'auscan it be ell'ected ? 
miimi^'iHWi.m (njtfr^i ; one by one, —- ^, 
#%• ; by turns, ^m. ; l>y degrees, \^\^, gfg, 
jff:^ ; I shall be back again bv one o'clock, — • 
m^mmni\ by that time, .^|:jrdi?F, i^JI^H, 
•i^ri-Vfu). jltf^. : by twenty years younger, ^:^ 
— +>^- 'J/flil— l-fjl; it is thre(^ bv mv watch, 

bv all means, ^7f, ^gp, fS,~^: bv no means, 

li^, .i{>;p,_iii'5, di:#. J^;?;, j)ii^-, T>5;. # 

4- m m' T^ n| : kv means of it, IJfjJt, ;i/f^ ; 
hard by, •£, il^f, H^-i^ ; by and by, ^-HTv ^ 

nT^0«-, 'lij'li. nil. ^pJfwi^-. f;,Q.rn'j. jl4t;i^, ie 

m^, Um^-^^y llie by, Hfj'']-#V- 
By-blow, n. A side or incidental blow, #i^J; 

bastard, |f ^. 
By-business, n. Business aside of the eommoa 

mode, m\>-^;, :sh|r- 

By-co£'ee-lioiise. n. A coiTee-housc in an obs-ure 

place, -j^^^]^. 
By-concernment, n. An affair distinct from the 

main business, ^1>^. >J^^. 
By-corner, n. A private corner, ]\\\]. 
By-dependence, n. An appendage, FfJ#J, j§i}|j, ^ 

i|^ : that which depends on something else, g;j 

Bv-des;gn, n. An incidental design, ^p,^- 1^^ 

By-end, n. Private end, ;fi;;g, f/,j^,. 

By-gone, a. Past, -§^6^ e.ji. [^,im^. 2 ifli§ 
T, t!Ef:t: by-gone limes, £E[II-. ^Hi- ; by-gone 
years, [ifii'.^if ; let bv-gones be by-gones, :^ 

By-iuteresI, n. Private self-inferest, ^li^:, y^l,)\j, 

By-lnne, n. A lane out of the usual road. ;);S-^, j^ 

By-law, n. Tlie law of a city or private corpora- 
tion, 'Bill,||'(5ll; supplementary laws, pfj-j 


( 182 ) 


By-niatter, ?!. Somotbing inridenfal, JS^^;Jl^. 

By-name, n. KiekniiiiiP, :fg^. ^■^■ 

By-name, v.t. To give a nickname, ]%^^, 1l 

By-passage, «. A passage by Ibc way, ^. (gij J§. 

By-]«(b, n. A private palb. ff , -g, "if, ^, %^. 
fiiSS- >hii '■ <Jo not ^^'iill^ ''^ liv-palbs, ^fT^li^ 
M, "^"ff'J^S^' |l5iJrriBl& : attending a funer- 
al procession, do not go in a )jy-patb, j^l^/f 


By-purpose, n. A concealed design, 4lM: W-M' 

By-respect, n. Private end, ^l)^. |/;S- 
By-road, n. An obscure road, :t5S&: M K^- 
By-room, n. A private apartment, fiij rg, f^ g, 

By-stander, «. A spectator, ^ A, 5^ jjt^-,^f#^-, 

Bj'-street, n. An obscure street, ^^j, itSliJ- 
By-stroke, n. An incidental or sly stroke, ^fj, 


By-turning, ». An obscure road, ^tStl'i^J- 

By-view, n. Self-interested purpose, fj;^, ^){5.. 
By-walk, 7i. A secluded walk, ^tSS- 
By-west, oxZi-. Westward, I^jU- 
By-word, ?j. A common saying, ^5^ ; to become 

a by-word, ^^iitPK- #A^S1S- 
Byard, n. A strap across the breasts or those who 

drag the sledges in coal mines. 

Bye, )). A dwelling, fSMM^'^ good bye, 2pff, 
Bii^' tri^W '■ Siiid by the one who departs, — Jg 

¥5. m^WM- m^Mm- -ssisi- 

Byre. n. A cow bouse, ^/fj^j. 

Byssin, Byssus, «, A silk or linen hood, iJ^ijil, ^ 

Byssine, a. Made of silk, ^^. ,f|P^. 

Byssus, 11. Exceedingly tine linen, cotton or silken 

'cloth, iJim^^i^MM- 
Byzant, Byzantine, )). A gold coin of the value of 
about Impounds sterling, ^i^rg, fS^+ILi^ 

Byzantine, * Bvzanlian, a. Pertaining to Byzant- 

jium. i^mm^ 


n The third letter of the English alphabet, -^^ 

(custos sigilli), BB^; C. B. (Companion of the 
Bath). See Bath!" 
Caaba, n. A square stone in the temple fif Mecca, 
^Pfi, ^^ ; * the most sacred temple of the 
Mohammedans, iMJluJliA^^illi- 

Cab, n. A covered carriage wit h t wo or four wheels, 
drawn by one horse, ^,E|;^. 

Cabal, n. A number of persons united in some 
close design, usually to promote their ))i-ivate 
views ill church or slate bv intrigue, ^W, ^ 
%.^ flti:' JiM^ HE. Wk^ BES; »o combine 
in cabals, U%; intrigue, if i. fjf.^, ^?| ; 
conspiracy, ^^. 

Cabal, V. L To plot, |j^^, -^^l t^^, ^t, IS 

m^ mfn- 

Cabala, n. A mysterious kind of science among 
Jewish rabbins, pretended to have been deliver- 
ed to the ancient .lews by revelation and Irans- 


mitted bv oral tradition, fee, * ^ft. {^^.^ 

Cabalism. n. Tiie secret science of the cabalists, 

Cabalist, n. A .Jewish doctor who professes the 
study of the caliala, or the mvsteries of Jewish 
tradition, M^mi^^- ifi,1^5l±r4i- 

Cabalistic, Cabalistical, a. Pertaining to the cab- 
ala. RifSfKj- miiMm- 

Calialler, n. One who unites with others in close 
designs to etlect an oliject by intrigue, jf^^ 
A,|?lt|-«.|S^^.^i|:eaballer at court, 

Caballing, i>2^r. Uniting in a cabal, |*;|;. ^J|^. ; 

intriguing in a small jmrty, ^'^, ^^. 
Caliaret, v. A tavern, i@J^. 
Cabbage, v. A genus of plants called hrcDisira, ^ 

^. '^fflli^ ; winter cabbage, ^J^^, J^H^i, 

jEiS'.r*. m-^:,m^m-^ >-'>^i cabbage, ^m-, 

headed cabbage, i^^^: white-heart cabbage, 
^[-BbM- ^^\M- *EiSl; cabbage letfuce, 

mkAa&^i^±B mmfiit^- 




^^ ; cabbage from Corea, "j^M^; Shantung 
cabbage, Uj;^^; winter eabbage, j'm^;i^: 
cabbage oil, ^vli], ^-^Vlll ; clolii (iiclicd by 
tailors in cutting out garments, J^ll), fjJrS^lli. 

Cabbage, r. i. To form a head in growing, ^^. 

Cabbage, v. t. To purloin or embezzle, as pieees of 
cloth, after cutting out a garment, f^®, ^M- 

Cabbage-net, n. A small net to boil cabbage in, 

Calnirns, n. pi. Small lines made of spun-yarn, 

to bind cables, seize tackles, &c., fl!),-^, >]^M• 
Cacao, n. The chocolate tree, ^^'if^l's}- 
Cachalot, n. A spermaceti whale, SJ.!^. 
Cache, n. A hole in the ground for hiding and 

preserving provisions which it is inconvenient 

to carry, ^. 
Cachet, n. A seal, HP, ^; lettre de cachet, peB) 


ed away, ^MM- 
Cabled, a. Fastened with a cable, i^WiWJi- JSt 

Cablet, n. A little cable, $^mih ImSifF- 
Cabman, n. The driver of a cab. yff.n^:^^. #j]ff. 
Cabob. v.t. To roast meat in a certain manner. 

Cal.ioose, n. The cook-rooui or kitchen of a ship, 
^^ : a stove for cooking in a suuill vessel, JU, 

Cabbage-tree, n. The cabbage palm, a species of Cabriolet, n. A one-horse chaise. — f^. S8|&j}i, 

areca, ^|»}. 
Cabbage-worm, ?i. '^^■ 
Cabbaged, pp. Purloined, ^M-JiJi^^^li- 
Cabin, n. A small room, )J>J^, J^ff-, K--F ; -^n 

inclosed place, @i3%i:, rnj^Hfi-I®; « cottage, 

^, ^ ■^, jJnM; ^^ aiiartnient in a ship for 

officers and passengers, |g^, j^igT'- "^Wit' 

cabins or apartments without doors, as in 

Chinese junks, ^i|t. ll'llt ' *!"' cabin or saloon 

at the stern of a ship, fH^^-k'^ : the cabin on 

deck, j^JiJi ^g, ^M ^ ; a poor woman's cabin, 

Cabin, v. i. To live in a cabin, ^jj^jg^. 
Cabin-boy, n. A boy whose duty it is to wait on 
the officers and passengers on board of a ship, 

Cabinet, ji. A closet, gij ; a small room, ^^, >h 

K' ft^' Mi-f ' ^^^ select or secret council of 

a prince, ^[^ ; the Imperial council chamber, 

1^1^® : a member of the Imperial council, [jg 

^^ A^- F^Iffl^E ; the president of the cab- 

i'lct, ^^J^^-i: ; a piece of furniture, consist- 
ing of a chest or box, with drawers and doors, 

mn ; a hut. ^^. 
Cabinet-council, n. ^[^; the members of a privy 

council, ^tl:^E. 
Cabinet-maker, n. A man whose occupation is to 

make cabinets, tables, bureaus, &c., ^H^fH, 

Cabirian, Cabiric, a. Pertaining to the Cabiri, 
certain deities greatly venerated Ijy the ancient 
pagans in Greece and Phceuicia, 'j^i'^ijMHf'l' 

Cable, ?i. A large, strong rope to retain a vessel 

at anchor, ^Sll^ fffifo ^IH. :k^ ; a chain 

cable, Igi^; the Atlantic cable, i^J^'fl;^ : a 

small cable, -fy^y, to cut the cable, i^f j|j ; a 

cable's length, * -'§i!fi.±,-^- ^ 

Cable-tier, n. The place where the caljles are coil- 

*^-S-i-*8, «iialt;?;5£X 

Loud laughter, P^H^. jljilllpl. 

An opaque or milk-white chal- 

Cachexy, n. A deranged slate of the constitution, 

Caehinatidn, i 

Cacholong, ji 
cedony, ipj. 

Cacique, n. See Cazique. 

Cack, v.i. To ease the body by stool, yj^, fjgf. 

Cackerel, n. A species offish, ^,^. 

Cackle, r. i. To make a particular noise, as a hen, 
E^''^. %\^-- <" cackle, as a goose, ^]^, WM\ 
to giggle. Ilglla, p«;^; to talk in a silly mAvi- 

ncr, P5H(SM. 
Cackle, n. The broken noise of a goose or hen, ^ 

mm.- %m.^- mnm-^ >die talk, r^-nmf>- 

silly prattle. ^HX : cackle of a hen after laying 
an egg, mMA^^- 
Cackler, n. A fowl that cackles. P#P#6^i|. ^^ 

l^iq;a telltal 



Cackling, ppv. or a. .Making the noise of a goose 

or hen ^^,P^P#. 
Cacochymic, Caeoehymical, n. Having the fluids 

of the bodv vitiated, especially the blood, igjJl 

Cacochymy, n. A vitiated state of the blood, @jjl. 

Caeoderaon, n. An evil spirit, gj^. 

Cacoethes, n. A bad habit. PgWif^S; a bad dis- 
position, Btt. ^tl1f ' SJeMfSt^; an incura- 
ble ulcer, ^.^. 

* This is the word used for warrant and is an attempt 
at giving the foreign sound. 




Cacoelhos serilieiidi, ??. A disenspd projiensity for 

writing, f^'^-^M- '-f-m.- 
Caeography, n. Bad spelling, ^IS, 'M^'-j'- 
Caeolog-y, n. Bad speaking, •^f^fcf'J^n'S: I!l "h- 
Oacophoiiic, Cafophonical, a. Sounding harshly, 

•^'w, ffl-B--, r-n^i- 

Cacophonous, a. Harsh sounding, f.R-'a flfj, fj'^i'^. 
Cacophony, n. A disagreeable sound of words, ^;|j_ 

Cacotechny, 71. A corrupt art. 




had nufri- 

s*. fill fill*, m 

il 3i f IS ■, cartiis 

Cacotropliy, n. Bad lood 

Cactus, ji. The prielcly pear, j 

3: ; cactus tvianfiitlaris, 

fentagonus, ^^_%\ another species, J§^^. 
Cacuininate, v.t. To make pointed, i^.i,Sf^,{^ 

ifj ; to make sharp, ^1]. 
Cad, n. A boy at the door of an omnibus, jjip^^; 

a runner, or messenger, ^fff . ;^-^. 
Cadaver, n. A corpse, ||, fg-^. 
Cadaverous, a. Having the appearance or colour 

of a dead human body, JEfEliffc- WM-§t{\^-^ 

having the qualities of a dead body, M^V^: 
cadaverous scent, ^^^%. 

Cadaverousness, n. Tiie quality of being cadaver- 
ous, 5E||^. ?EFc- 

Caddis, n. A kind of tape or riblion. ^j- caddis- 
woi-m or case-worm, ife^iif . 

Caddow, n. A jackdaw, J&jg. 

Caddy, n. A small box for keeping tea, ^ii^Hf. 

Cade, a. Tame, ,p|, j^t Wi^'^\ bred by hand, ^ 
i^ig ; a cade lamb, Wl^Mi'^.- 

Cade, v.t. To bring up or nourish by hand, ^^k, 

Cade, n. A barrel or cask, ^tfc'ti- 

Cade-oil, «. ;fj;f({ivil], tl:fevill ('?)• 

Cadence, Cadency, ». fSq. |f ^| ; to give a cadence, 

mm- ^m- mri- i^mm'^^ m^mm. m-n 

^Uli ; s^>und or tone, jgf^; making harsh ca- 
Amicc, ^(i^^^l^f ; fill fqiial measure by a horse 
in all his motions, frlbfuli?; * tlie distinc- 
tion of liimilies, f JJiJ^, 5)1]^. 
Cadence, v.t. To regulate liv musical measure, fj} 

Cadenced, pp. or n. Having a particular cadence, 
Cadene, n. A species of inferior carpet from llie 

Levant, ffljfigf 
Cadent, a. Falling down, "f . 
Cadenza, n. The modulation of the voice in sing- 

* lu horeomaiiship. f In heraldry. 

ing' nwh mm- 

Cadet, n. 'l'\io younger of two brothers, ^ ; the 
youngest son, ^^. 5|;j6. ^S{^ ; a volunteer, ^ 
ii ^i ; '"^ young man in a military school, j(J 


Cadew, n. Case-worm. >See Caddis. 

Cadger, n. A market man or huckster, JUxf-f , JS. 

Cadgy, a. Cheerful, ^fg-. if f#;t. 
Cadi, n. In the Turkisli dominions, an inferior 

judge, answering to a justice of the peace, j;. 
Cadillac, n. A sort of pear, ^^. 
Cadmia, n. An o.xide of zinc which collects on the 

sides of furnaces where zinc is sublimed, ^%^ 

Cadmium, n. A white metal resembling tin, ^ 

Caducity, v. Tendency to fall, -:g||, mM- 
Caducous, a. In botany, falling early, or soon 

after development, as flowers, i^IJ^. •^^. 
CPBcias, 11. A wind from the northeast, ^■:jt®,. 
Csecum, ii. The commencement of the large intes- 
tine being a closed tube before the insertion of 

the smaller intestine, :^IJ|y|T. 
CaM-ule, a. See Cerule. 
Ca^salpinia, n. A genus of plants belonging to the 

tribe cassiea', ^H,- 
Caesura, n. A pause in verse, so introduced as to 

aid the recital, f^$|, $1- 
Cafe, n. A cofi'ee-house, Pl^lJjfjJ. 
Cafenet, n. In Turkey, a hotel or house of rest for 

travelers, ^J^. 
Caffeic, a. Olitained from cotlVe. ^itjl^^, l^i^lJ^. 
Caffein, n. m^I- WM^H- m^i'^:^'^lt 
Caiire, n. An unbeliever, ^f^"±.n^^': a name 

given to a tribe in South Africa, * ^^\^-li-^. 
Caftan, n. A Persian or Turkish vest or garment, 

Cair, Keg. «. A small cask, or barrel, ftffi^ff , 

Cage, n. An inclosure for confining liirds, ^f|?, 
,^|ti: cage for wild boasts, #. J^|f-E- il- ^S. 
gj([lj'i] ; an inclosure made with jiali.sades for 
confining wild beasbs, Ifltl. i]^, ^, Ji, ^ ; a 
cage for criminals, as used in China, Hlg ; a 
prison for criminals, ^g^, ^^ ; a cart with a 
cage on it, ^. 

Cage, v.t. To confine in a cage, mAW.-fdi±-W,, 

Hfi,^:!oshutup, igfi,i^,2}M±- 
Caged. ]ij>. dirt. Confined in a cage, as birds, g 




ftii- KA#^, Ml ; en god, as prisoners, 
Cagino-. y>y>r. Cniiliniii.u- in a eagv, ffl Alfe", ^& 

:feAfE, mAfci. 1, !S. 

Cagmng, ». Tough old gi'osc Konf lo market. ^|^, 

■:g«g ;longh, dry meat, I'JJi^, j]^. 
Caliier. i;. Tlie snecossive portions of a worlc wiion 

jirintod in parts or numbers, ^, fjjg. 
Caiman, ». MiCd- '^^'c Cayman. 
Cainc-if, * «. Tim aeid of tlie root of the eainea, 

Cair, Caique, n. A skiiT belonging to a galley, )|Jt. 

Cairn, n. A rounded or conieal heap of stones 

ereefed as a .sepulchral monument, [Jlft^", H 

Cairngorm, n. A yellowish quartz crystal, IJl^^, 

Caisson, ?i. A wooden chest, into which several 
Ijombs are put, and sometimes gunpowder, |J] 
JicSSl^. *KWi^ ; ^ wooden cliest used in laying 
tlie foundation of the jiier of ji bridge. '^^^^ ; 
an ammunition chest. '}^W,^- ^fiSjffiJ- 

Cailitr, n. A mean villain, %U, ^U^ U^, U 

Caititr, a. Belonging to a caitiff', tS W^ ; '-'-^se, 
Cajeput, Cajuput, n. An oil from the East Indies, 


Cajole, v.t. To flatter, tm- mB- i^m^^M^ 
nm^^mHaMM ■• todeceive, Ijljl:. ^-^3, 

m^ ^sw^m- \mmA-^^' ^"othe. m^- 

Cajoler, «. A flatterer, im±.AMBMA:mA, 

vir iOt djj 

Caji,!ery, n. Flattery, miS i^- WB^^^, IQili 
^- ; a wheedling to delude, if^ltti^- 

Cajoling. j>pv. Flattering, ^|!i^;. pQi|j ; deceiving, 
Hj-'^^A ; skillful at^-ajoling. gf||. 

Cake, «. A small massof dough baked, ff,^.l3f., 
cakes, ^igjf : 0,-lo-angelic cakes, AflLlfv?!; ; white 
rice cakes, i^TJt^; hard, yellow, sweet rice 
cakes, ;lj;^gf : sugar cakes, fj;H\U^ ; steamed 
rice cakes, ft#.^;t 'niit cakes, 1"!^!}*;: white, 
square rice cakes, ^Ir'^^l- IKW^i'' hibiscus 
cakes, 3f'--"^myM/&^^^m.^ X€m.-, ^^assia 
flower cakes, -^i^^;; aster flower cakes, ^|]:f2 
^; ; rose flower cakes, Jjc J^ifj^; : green pease cakes, 
WliM-, e»''cl eakes, Ivl^VvId; spongy cakes, 

t All cukes calluJ f^ are more or less spongy or of a con- 
sistence as to be eaten on the spot. 

#^i ; sponge eakes, ^^)|^ ; new year's cakes, 
^up;, 'MifWi^ jtB • cocoa-nut cakes, Wt^M' 
water-chest-niit cakes, ^r,if,^.; taro cakes, ^ 
W,f;Y[\ triangular cakes, H:ftf#.; s"g«i' eakes, 
U^PjiWi^ crystal cakes, 7jCJiik; white sugar 
cakes, ^'^^Wi- Lunkau cakes, ft U^^; ; blind 
man's cakes, 'ta^^ ; autumnal or full moon 
cakes, j^ff, t^y^Kkt^'^ salt-meat cakes, ^[^ 
j^ ff ; sweet cakes containing meat, ^fl^ j^ M '■> 
sweet bean cakes, ji'ffp}^^ ; ham cakes. >/C)l)S 
^J^; crystal cakes with meat, 7fCiUiIJfe)/^; 
foloured cakes, ff |,t,iil j^: oyster cakes, !^^|^ 
j^; crisp cakes, g|cff ; cakes with pork fat, ^ 
filgf ; I'cd bean flour cakes, ^If-^ff^; white olivo 
seed cakes, |&|^i%; crane cakes, '^^M.'- goose- 
fat cakes, $|vllli^:i; ; sesamum cakes, 'j^jl^M.'^ 
almond cakes, ^izM- ^''T-' Y'l'^ch cakes, ^^ 
M- Takhing cakes, {i^ff^: currant cakes. ^ 
^j-Tfif; round steamed cakes. ^<ff . MPH^ ! 
Fuhkien cakes, SsJtgf. gftf, V^^ftf ; victory 
cakes (given to soldiers), -j^^, l#Sff : small 
cash cakes, ^$^^ ; thin crisp cakes, fgl'e^: 
ice cakes, ^ff .|);|^; meat cakes, m^ ; minced 
meat cakes, ^|^ ; ches.s-men cakes, 'IS^^ ; 
bowl cakes, |g|ff ; tai pat kin cakes, i; A# ; 
sill pat kin cakes, )J>A#; phenix cakes, || 
li.ff ; fi'ied cakes, M1f}M- J^i" *sm (yu tsien) 
cakes, vib nltf f ; longevity peach eakes. ^-^^ ; 
barm cakes, \UM '• yeast or spirit-cakes, used 
for fermentation. JSff, ®f^, ^)^ : a roll of 
cakes, —'Sfif ; to fry cakes, fXM ^ to stamp 
cakes, rpftf ; to steam cakes, ^P;. U$^. ; to eat 
cakes, -^ff ; to bake cakes, J^ff ; plain cakes, 
MWi^' :^i"iii©f : cakes containing meat, or 
fruit, &c., W^^; to make coal cakes, ^^ 

Cake, r. t. To form into a cake or mass, f|i?^tjf I® 

Cake, v.i. To form into a hard mass, fj^J^I'lt'Sf- 
Cake, V. i. See Cackle. \'^. 

Caked, pp. Formed into a hard mass, fi^iiSffPlI" 
Caking, ppr. Forming hard masses, f^n^^jfPlfi'f ■ 
Calabash, n. Bottle calabash, fijj^, ^^El^, 'IM, 
miS-,mUM' %^ tfi, ^ fli ; '1 large calabash, 
^ ; appearance like a large calabash, 0,jl^§ ; a 
dried calabash shell, ^. 
Calabash-tree, n. Crescent ia, ^M^- 
Calaboose, n. A corruption of the Spanish word 

calahoso, prison, ^, ^!^. 
Calade, n. The slope or declivity of a rising ma- 
nege-ground, M^> ^M^\m±.M- 




Caladiiim, n. H^, ^igf. 

Calaite, n. See Turkois. 

Calamanco, w. A woolen stuff of a fine gloss, and 

cliofkcred in the warp, 1l\lii'^^:k?Ji. 
Calamandrina, n. ;^^^^ (?)■ 
Calambour, n. A species of the agalloe hum-tree, 

used in cabinet-making, M^- 
Calamiferous, a. A term applied to plants having 

a long, hollow, knotted stem, ^(\'}, ^Hff, M 

Calamine, 51. Lapis calaminaris, the native car- 
bonate of zinc, used in the manufacture of brass, 

Calauiint, Calamintha, ?),. An aromatic plant, ^f-. 

Calamite, n. A variety of hornlilendo allied to 
tremolite, of a vitreous lustre, 5^, ^^^• 

Calamitous, a. Involved in deep distress, ,^.^, 
Jjim, ,{&W. }^t#. fifa; ail verse, m, P^ftT?^, 
m'M^ ^^n, ■^>^, J"^^, 5^; miserable, JJ^ 
^■1' !}<W^^}, /£4^; calamitous times, m^, jji 
Jj^ ; a calamitous year, [^:ip; calamitous affair. 

Calamitously, adv. In a manner to bring great 

distress, ^^, mWm- 
Calamitousness, n. Deep distress, 'Jifit sji'^ji, gJJ: 

'[#: the quality of produ.cing misery, [)y, J^ff 

Calamity, n. Any great niistoiiune or caufe of 
misery, jp^, ,rg„ f^il- f^, /I^E^ i^^^, 'JkW., 

#. m^ ^- U, ?*■ m ; 'li^twss, i^!?!!, 5it#, =g 
&', [BBIe; infelicity, :^ffi|i:, ^^^^t^, ^ 
^- 5^fl^- l>y -tS ; ''111 unexpected calamity, ^ff^jp^, 
^iih ?!i^±.y<- i^M; to induce calamities, 
%^^, ^il< ; 1'5 bring calamities upon one"s self, 

km£^,^'fi^BS^- l:-iI5:IiW.i gf^^; to 
ilee calamity, ii/J|„ JglXl, Jiil, j^fj; visited 
with many calamities, j^^'g'j;^ : to occasion 
calamity, -f^^ ; heaven sends down calamities, 
^ftl^' %m^\ a great calamity, ^^ffii. ^^^ g ; 
all calamities have befallen him, 'g'^jfefa;^ ; 
calamity and happiness, f„^ jg, "iiil)(jf^lM; the 
people suffer calamities and outrages, ^^^ 
^; unforeseen calamities sent from heaven, % 
Si^M ■' every place has its time of prosperity, 
and its lime of calamity, ^^^ipW- iji^^^ 
i^Wl- fondness of honours leads to calamity, 
yMma^l^ the calamities of war, i^gf, i£^; 
the virtuous arc not prosperous, ])erliaps on the 
contrary meet with calamities, ^*-^^t^fS 

Calamus, n. The generic name of the Indian cane, 

called also rotang, ?jr J^-; the cromaticus, or 

sweet-flag, MM^ VlM- 
Calandra, n. A species of lark. g|'^. 
Calangay, n. A species of white parrot, ^f§SSj. 
Calash, n. A light carriage with very low wheels, 

fS.^ili ; a hood on the top of a carriage, which 

can be thrown back, jjil^, Iji^. 
Calcadis, n. White vitriol, |ljffi^. ^Hjg^. 
Calcar, n. In glass-works, a kind of oven, j^. 
Calcareous, a. Partaking of the nature of lime. /^ 

P^s im^ ; calcareous spar, UyK^-^^^^w 

Calcareousness. n. Quality of l.ieing calcareous, ^ 

C'alcavalla, ?i. A sweet wine from Portugal, ft\\\M- 
Calceated. a. Shod, ifTfi^, W^^%-" 
Calcedon, n. A foul vein, like chalcedony, found 
in some precious stones, ^^\f). See Chalcedony. 
Calcedonie. Calcedonian. a. Pertaining to chalce- 
dony, JiiJ3if}^,JiiJ3ll'K- 
Calcedony, n. See Chalcedony. _ ffj^. 

Calciferous, a. Containing calx or lime, }0^, /^ 
Calciform, a. In the form of calx, gj/jj^, hX'M.^f^- 
Calcinable, a. That may be calcined, T>T^ii^'' pT 

Calcinate, v.t. &e Calcine. 
Calcination, n. ^li^?^-, fi^lK^- _ ■ 

Calcine, r. I. To be converted into a friable sub- 
stance, mmi^m- miKm, W'K- 

Calcined, pp. or a. Eeduced to a friable state by 

iieat, m'Mm- 

Calcining, ppr. Pondering friable by heat, JS;^- 
Calcium, n. The metallic basis of lime, lj^:t.^M.- 
Calc-spar, n. Calcareous spar, or crystallized car- 
bonate of lime, ^7K5. 
Calc-tuff, n. Calcareous tufa, /j^'j^. 
Calculable, o. That may lie calculated, pj:^. T^T 

yMM^ nTjyw-Jtmif . m\- Wit, w^^ w 

Caleulary, n. x\ congeries of little stony knots 
dispersed through the parenchyma of the pear, 
&c., by concretions of the sap, |ufT> MfT- 

Caleulary, a. Pelating to the disease of the stone 
in the bladd(M-, mU^, TrM^U- 

Calculate, v.t.ovi. To couipute. ^.. ^J-W- of- tl 

w^^, fill] jt, 1,1!, '\k- m j^, -mm- m j^, i. 
W' ffijii ; i« consider, ^Tir. mm^ mifi, fl,t, 

$fi' ?!' T^-M.- ©M ; to calculate destinies, ^. ^, 
li^ A-?, ^ A^ ■> to calculate or take a survey 


( 187) 


with (he eyes. |^. Hit; lo calculate astro- 
nomically, m^. jfli H , w%-x- ^M> MM ■ <o 

calculate ujion one. ns fur help. #-|iflf{!i: to cal- 
culate ahead, tirfiJsi: ; I will culculale it, fiff 
•ggg; to calculate correctly, ^D§, ^f#^, M- 
It^, nn^f.^ fif-t*. 5|i^+ ; lo calculate a na- 
tivity, ^"A^?- 

Calculated, pp. Computed, ^M-4T^ii; con- 
sidered, U^.M'M- 

Calculating, 7)^)-. Computino'. ^. fj^., ^M^ ti|' 
^ ; considering, fj|.|t,^,tf@^. 

Calculation, n. f.], f;[?i, Kl ^^ ^.fi^-. ^J^ ; (ho 
calculation of one's destiny, ^ t^. iS'*,'? A^ ; 
the calculations of the calendar, jiglf:. M-£i ■ '0 
be out in one's calculation, ^.|j5. Ipgsf • 3-7-M- 

Calculative, «. MIMlB- miWU- 'iH^xtiM- 

Calculator, n. One who computes or reckons, ^. 
Uu%±t\'^-^,M^- ^ calculator of desti- 
nies, f^^^^. 

Calculalorv. a. lielonn-ing to calculation, ^6^, 

Calculi, n. See Calculus. 

Calculous, CI. Stony. Jg'fj^ ; afl'ectcd with the gravel 

or stone, -g;^^. ;f[t^c. 
Calculus, )). -.pi. Calculi. The stone in the bladder, 

^^^ MM ^' B^^ ; calculi in the gall-bladder, 

))U;gf ; calculi in the kidneys, fp^Jg". 
Caldron, Chauldron, n. A three-legged kettle or 

boiler, -][{:', fi^-^; a caldron without feet, iff, 
Caleche, n. ' Sea Calash. [gg, f^. 

Caledonia, *«.^infij f.^3l!- 

Caledduian, n. A native of Caledonia, y/Il^!l$IE A- 

Ca'edoniau. n. I'erlaining to Caledonia, M'^'l^ 

Calelacient, a. Warming, fft, -Glif tfi^, fjl-WM- 

Caiefaction, n. The act or operation of warming 
or heating, ^f5, ^%, -gfJ, %^\, ffis; the 
act of ge'tling' heated, Jllft. f|fi. ^'^-; the 
state of leing^lieated, fl-^', 5^^-'." 

Calefactive, Calefactory, a. That makes warm or 
hot, i^m'-h i^TM- 

Calefy, i-. i. To grow hot or warm, f|f;^,, M.^ ! 
to lie heated, ^ft. ^. 

Calefy. i-.<. To make warm, ff.jlvi. f^.^fi, agft. 

Calendar, n. A register of the year, etc., Jff'flt, l|f 
H . [i^ii-jJlB : Chinese and Foreign Calendar, f 
i\^ # jiff, j|'&"j^^#, 4'^h^iy : calendars 


f These are in general pulilishcd liy the missionaries for 
ttie guidance of their respective congreg.ations. They ar;, 
however, extensively circnhiled among the heathen, who 
enquire for them with great eagerness. 

published at the printing offices. i^'^JM^tf^'-^ 
the Imperial Calendar, ^M'M.^ '■ ^ '^'n*^l of 
Court Calendar (" Eed Book ''), MW'^-'MW 
§%,; a calendar, as issued in courts of justice, 
^)}^j!; calendar month, * solar month, as it 
stands in almanacs, —'^•f], — 'J^- 
Calendar, v. t. To enter or write in a calendar, ,^, 


Calender, v. t. To press between rollers for the 
[lurpose of making smooth, glossy, &c.. ^-If ,t 
H- t JW^fPlt; to calender smooth, MWi'M 

Calender, n. A machine or hot press, used in man- 
ufactories to press cloths and make them smooth, 
?i^lJli- M^l^ ; calender in China, ^^^i"^, 

Calendered, pp. ^Made simioth bv calendering. ^ 

i0,^i-[i-i§, Wi§. %'A- m£ 

Calcnderer, n. The person who calenders cloth, ^ 

Calendering, fpr. Making smooth or glossy. ^^ 
J'B-' K'i'H-, Tt®.; a calendering stone, if^f-t'lj:^, 
^lliS ; a calendering roll, %^)%^\. 

Calends, n. pi. The first day of each month. jj^H . 

Calendrical. a. Belonging to a calendar. j^ffCKj, 

Calendula, «. ^g:fc- T^. 

Calenture, n. A violent, Ijurning fever, ^Sl- t<\ 
■Calescence, n. Growing heat, ^g|. Sf^^ i^S^i- 
Calf, n. ; pi. Calves. The young of the cow, '^f-f , 
-1"^> ^- '\^- iV¥^ U^--, an old cow licks its 
calf. ig^ffJ^^S: a dolt,^^;(£.ij"i A; tlieealfof tho 

leg, m^- KPg, mm- mmt mm^ mm, 

m^ W& KSO&, mWiU; to cry like a sucking 

calf, ^#|gBi- 
Calf's foot, ».^#^, W-i^- 
Calf-like, a. Eesembling a calf, ^f-f j!]!;^. 
Calf-skin, n. The hide or skin of a calf, or leather 

made of the skin, ■^ff Jf£. 
Caliber, Calibre, n. The bore of a gun, '}^U, |^ 

n, iteZniM; calibre compasses, If]]?,'^. *f 

Wl'Mt^'y the capacity of a man's mind. ;J'Ht' 

Calice, Chalice, n. If,, fltllT^. 

Calico, n. Cotton cloth, Y|i. f ^ /ji ; in England. 
white or unprintcd cotton cloth, ^-{^^W, ^^k 
^6-|ll ^|i ; calicoes, 44?effi : in America, print- 
ed cotton cloth, PO^tflj, gL^'N), yk^WU^i- 

* In China foreigners express the English calendar mouth 
by month, and the Chinese by moon, 
t They appear to be only locally used for the first. 




Calitl, a. Hot, ft; burning, ^, ^J^, :^ft ; ar- 
dent, ^j\j. 

Calidiict, n. A pipe used to convey heat to the 
apartment of a house by means of hot air or 
steam, j^-^flf, Bmwi- 

Calif, Caliph, Kalif, n. A vicar, ^iQj^; successor, 
liljL:^; a successor of ]\Iohummed, * |gIHl[01 

Califate, Caliphate, Kalifate, n. The office or dig- 
nity of a calif, UWc:tm- iniI3||Jc±±^; (!io 

government of a caliph, ^rHllizt^W^"- 
Caligation, n. Dimness of sight, ^. 
Caliginous, a. Dim, [|| ; obscure. @fl^. 
Caliginously, adv. Obscurely, ^^. 
Caligraphic, n. Pertaining to elegant penmanship, 

Calif^raphist, «. An elegant penman, ^#'^', ■^ 

Caligraphy, n. Fair or elegant writing or pen- 
manship, -g^, is, f^'^, mmn^; mii 

Calipash, h. In cookery, that part ot the turtle, 

which belongs to the upper shell, H^l^]. 
Calipee, n. In cookery, that part of the turtle, 

which belongs to the lower shell, Hthl^- 
Calipers, Caliper-compasses, n. fl. Compasses with 

curved legs for measuring the diameter of 

round bodies, ^jJlJIiS. mPM- 
Calisthenic, a. Pertaining to calisthenics, Ifg 

Calisthenics, n. Exercises designed to promote 
grace of movement and strength of body, |^g 


Caliver, «. A kind of hand-gun, |^, ^;i^. 
Calix, 11. A cup, % ; the calix of a flower, ^, "^^ 

%. *S'«e Calyx. 
Calk, V. t. To drive oakum, &c. into the seams of 

a ship or other vessel, to prevent their leaking. 

Calk, Kalkin, n. A sharp-pointed piece of iron on 
a shoe for a horse or ox, rl!itr''lt.^¥- 

Calk, Caique, v. t. To copy a drawing, by rulibing 
the liack of it with red or black chalk and then 
tracing the lines through on paper, &c. with a 
blunt style, ^t- MM- FPft- 

Calked, pp. Having the seams stopied, ^J^ffj^, 
#ii ^ W^ mmW^^'AmM^^- furnished 
with shoes with iron points, '-^fl^U^- 

Calkcr, n. A man who calks, ^7|f^^ijif^ 

* ±if*.^' 

Calkin, n. A calk or sharp point of a horse's shoe, 
to prevent slipping. Bj^'^f^- 

Calking, |jp)-. Stopping the seams of a ship, fjf^. 

Calking, n. Copying a |)icture, $^. 

Calking-iron, n. An instrument like a chisel, 
used in calking ships, :fX^^h^. 

Call, V. t. To name, p;f, p;^f^. Jg:g, ^^. ^, ^, 
^. ^€i' ^:^M^g : to convoke, tj3#, ^Sf}, 
"^-ll. %^Jk- '" invite. 1^. j-^. 5g; to bid, pjf, 
lJ5>|if;J-; to invoke, ;Ji, ff, ,^^7}^; to appoint, ^, 
^, g; to call back, to levoke. )g^; to call 
back, as a person, pij-jg, pjfjij^;. ^0, pif [ig 
1^'; to retract. :^s"; to call down, as judg- 
ment, ^g, tS|t|, taia. 4gT- PfT*: I0 call 
down, as a person, p^H"^;, P''|-f^^, Pf'T^; 
to call lor, fif, 5?fli]^ i"J ; to call in, as a jicrson, 
PJf-AP^?. ISM- iiA^; to call in, as debt, J|^, 
M- It® ; to call in, as notes from circulation, 
Jlilil, JltlU. JtiSa : to call forth, to bring to ac- 
tion, fg, :Ltlli-^3.^- to call off, to summon 
away, pj{.^.tf?^. pf^. \%^^- jo call oft', to 
divert, pjf^l^, p^j.^, r-[% : to call up, to bring 
into recollection, ,^,^. ^^li^. H^^, ^^. ^ 
A!5. life; to call up, to call one \\\,. p^fftal^. 
■f-filiJl^ji : to call up, to bring into action, t^ 
P- %ti- ^M]'- to call over, to read a list, ^ 
M- ISMl'fi jii^sfl; to call over, as names, 
i/j^, ''^^; to call out. jlf^; to call out, to 
summon to tight, pifUiff, ^l^jj. ^f)i: to call 
out, to summon into service. 4?ii^- ^i^. ^3A 
iS'l?. WiK'M^; to call to mind, ;^',tc, *a,t!i 
*■ ^it!i*; to call away, pj|.^. Pf^. p;[.^(i, 
P4fii]*; to call a council, fe^lfe^t- f*<6i^ 
■§■ ; to call one to witness, \'i[K\^%{. P-|-Af^ 
|g : to call a thing to remembrance. ,§,)lll^f|: 
|P. ,§.fe3t;#l^: to call one to account, ^g/fj. 
m'^- fi^^fiil- ^Slaffii : to call a thing in 
question. SH. I^fi: to call (ine names, TiJA, 
5f A; to eall alter, \v\, n|t Pf., lf-P(Ji ; to call 
again, ^U^. Pf 0. ^Ijp^-: call him aside, fg 

friltt^iili- PHril-nF- ikAim- it ^viU call 

forth much scandal. :?LW ^ P U- ^WVi'Mi^ = 
they call in all their debt, fdill^cill^. i^llillM^: 
we call upon Cod, ^i;il;J< 1 -VS- : I will call 
ufion him for help, ^m\tm\ll- ^fm^.^ 
^^■. to call the officers to court, Qf.'^ilJi; to 
call the world to awake, p-|-ifillI;A. f^filli- A: 
the emperor calls, ^J-.S : the parents call. /^iC 
#^ : how do thev call this? ljlt#I''(- 1^?:. IJli 
mMM^- mm^^]^- I'ow do they call 
youV P=|.1't^ l^^- P-l-f4'<-at/S?i ; ll»py tall me so 




and so, pJKr^^, mm^, ^mn ; I'c caHs 
down oalamity upon liimsclf, flil^S#iJi#! ^3 
m^^^ ; (0 c-nll to a Ibstivnl, -g^yi, l^m^ M't- : 
to call thorn together, pif-f!i?4-iK, Wt, iBffe 
55.^; to call to one, to call one to rome, p^f-fli 
*. ^Sflil^ ; call him to arise, pi[-fliil!l#^ =f3ft!l 
Jg^; I hey call one another names, {[j^BB' 
fill^gjf ; tiiey eall one another so and so, ftiliB 
^^^; they call one another to come, ftjj^ 
^S- 1E+BP,-f, S^BI't ; 'le calls you, {[ipi|.ftv {g 
5t^f4*>. flillSf!^; to call one into the iiresenee, 


Call, i'. {. To utter a loud sound. n^,t. ng. pg>- P^. rpit 

±^, p^i#, 1^, «. D|, itpf, ii'uP?-. Hfli- ?f; 

to call to one, to utter the name. Pf^g. ^S,. \V\-\ 
to call to one for help, pifft&i^H//. IJllA^JI/;; 
lo call people, |f. |t : <"> t-^l' I'o^ls, ^fl. J'/f^ ; 
to call ducks, BfHilSi. ^: to call pi-s, jT^l^; lo 
call, as a cock does, P,|. eg ; to call out, ^^ ; 
to bawl, pf, Pfn^, ^, pg; to eall on, ^ ; to 
call at a place, ^■^■. call on me, jf I?. fV'^ 
f^; I just call to sec how you are, Jj^^l'f fff-- 

Call, 71. A vocal address, P^. Pj$. ^Pf : a demand, 
af; a requisition, ^g, ^1?5'^ ; a divine voca- 
tion, * ±ffi: S A ^■. S ^- : invitation, -g^-, Ji ; 
a visit, nU- i^tJi- UA, ##: vocation, ^ 
^, IS^, Wa- ril§ ; n whistle. iRH ; a ped- 
dler's call, )]\J.]'J^: a Ijlind fortune-teller's call, 
j^^f ; a fowler's pipe. I'|ii|||; the call of the 
house. liJjH? pg ; to o-ivc a friend a call, ^UJj 
;£, '^']j];£- iitSx5lA. f±^ : to invite one, |j^- 
A. tn^- MA : mutual calls, visits, ^i'^, ^f\ 
^-; mutual calls, invitations, i^BJ^ ; to be ready 
at a call, ''^\f]. '/i?I]3ffflfSE '• '" 'j'' within one's 
C'^l^ iSd^A ; the shares to be paid in calls, 3^ 
^^;L|; a call will be made to-morrow, B|J H 11>C 
IK : please give him a call, UWU^- tU^lU 
■fli ; to answer to the call of nature, [U!^^- 

Called, t pp- Invited, |j|-g, ii-§, ^i^; named, 
fii. Pifii. P-^^il ; appointed, J-jf-g ; assembled 

* Vide I. Timothy 0, 1'2 ; afticilt^;^^-^!:! 

II. Timothy 1, ; fimk'&1^-r;<AMi- 

t Vide Mark G, 7 ; ,!|n;>';J^-t:S5. 

Eplies. 4, 1, 4; J.:t^p;,gg!?-^g^,01|jfi. 
Matth. 20, 10; fei:--t-^;-p>';|fS. 
II. Timothy 1, 9 ; ffi^i:^|^-#AS?. 
I. Peter 1, 15 ; ffif.ijf!ii*-:^i-iffl. 

do. 2, 21;^;:f.r-p-'g5. 

do. 6, 10;X£?:-t-g5. 
Hel.l■p^v 3, 1 : ^flS?IJH'7--|iJ. 
Reyel. 19, 9 ; !IKq^+A'?;^gff- 

by order, ^g^j^, ^S^ii ; to be called, 
why is the human Ijody called a microcosm? 
Akki-ll^l^'hXW;-^ they are called imme- 
diate iiroiionitors, p-j-fi^if:: called an astrologer, 
m^nB^':k\ called a diviner, ^0i5#^ 
/fe; called a woodculler. ^||^!iT^,tf(i^ ; cal!i-.l 
a lisherman, f,| jj^f^fi |^ : liow are you called? 

m^ik^m- f^>p.-'i-4ft^j, f^^if f„j;s ;'iiow is this 

called ?i;l£(jfip:}.!/^r£. ilfclgfTj^. . 
Callot, Callat,,,. iJj!$. ^j$. m^- 
Caller, «. One who calls, p^j--^-, fS^-, g^-, 5^^, 

Callicarpa, 7j. [ij:|^'^:fip. 

Caliiearpa purpurea, n. 'J^^M- 

Callid, a. Cunning, g|f|, i^E^f-. 

Callidily, n. Skill, :f5^; discernment, ^ B)J ; 

craftiness, HlHt- 
Calligraphy, 71. -6te Caligraphy. 
Calling, ppv. or ji. Naming. ^^^-; a reciting 

of names, i^^^^i ; usual employment of life, * 

divine summims, f Jl'^Si'-i S A^^ ; calling to 
the eastward and shouting to the westward, 

Calliope, n. The muse that presides over eloquence 
and heroic poetry, |f ipili:^. 

Callisthenics, ?i. See (.'alislhenics. 

Callosity, n. Hardness of skin, or horny hardness, J 
^^- ; the hardness of the cicalri.x of ulcers, 
f^; callosity of mind, teff^ ,j^.fi^. 

Callous, a. Hard, gjtfi^j, fllil'I. M^ M- U • tlic cal- 
lous part of the hands. ^f^fJIt : the callous part 
of the feet, p fgjjjt : the callous parts of the 
hands and feel, ^^llj-Iffi; callous in mind, jfjg 

Callously, ndv. In a hardened or unfeeling man- 
ner, kwwM- m^,- 

Callousness, n. Hardness, ^^^. )JJt^ ; insensi- 
bility of heart, H1t-^'. ^^'6#- 

Callow, a. restitute of leathers, ^^. ^^^fi^, 
^lli^^U-, C'l'low swallow, ^Jftdliu. 

Callus, n. Any unnatural hardness of the body, 
g^; unnatural hardness of the kd, j^; the new 
growth of osseous matter between the extremi- 
ties of fractured bones, fjc'g'. f^^^"!*. 

Calm, a. Still, ^, ^•, UB- 'K'l?- nU- calm, 

* I. Corinth 7, 20 ; ^^i^tM^bv-::.-H 

t I. Corinth 1, 211; iJ^^St^-^#--h-' 
Epli. 1,18; Jbl^f5;f-'?:+AgJ. 
Ejih 4, H;3tM'M-HSi- 




as weather, ^M.,©.!! ; calm and serene weatli- 

er, Hl-Mi't ; calm, as the ocean. f^fBUW- 

- E-T-?5n?: calm, as the mind, ^, ^•^. zjij*, 

\B f?, ^ S- i6 7K li?- KJ i5?, ii:- ^T i; fa ; com- 

poijod. ^ifij, ,g ; undisturbed liy passions, IjjJ 
fST'Sil ; '0 liorome ea'ni, %,% ; to become calm, 
as the mind, %.%,\ (he calm state of mind, >i^ 
^SS; undisturbed, as a lake, R/J^; ealm 
retirement, j^i;j] ; to enjoy calm rotiiement, ^ 
if Ik, :^^[;I1*M; very calm. Pj:JTT>f§- 

Calm, n. Stillness, ff , -T-h?^'- ?fe"|}f : tranquillity 
of mind, ^P, -ff^-, ;i:.-T%td:fU, fjf?, mt?'P't' 
Pj] ; stillness of ni,ti;ht, :fg^, ^ ; freedom from 
motion, ;f fi, 3S,^, ;t!l- 

Calm, V. t. To reduce to a slate of calmness, as 
the mind, ^,6, fii,^., ^5£; to appease, ^H, 
^t^t, ^.1^, J*^-i &^ ; '0 calm one's wrath, 
.^■^'- Iffifi?- t'^ calm one's mind and passions, | 
l.)6f?t- j 

Calm-lu-owcd. a. Wearing the look of calmness. 

Calmer, n. The person that calms. ^U^-, ^.U 

^-•, the thing that calms, %j^^-^. 
Calming, jipr. Stilling, ^, ,|, ; appeasing, ^U, 

Calmly, adi-. In a quiet manner, 5c^^i ^,^: f? 

Calmness, n. A state of rest, -^fjf, Zf^^, ^■^, 


.Calography, n. Elegant lenmanship. tSce Cali- 

Calomel, n. m^^ mM^ HS^tR- 
Caloric, n. The princijile or mattci' of heat, or the 

simple element of heat, f<^^, tKM.- 
Caloric, a. Pertaining to the matter of heat, fll^ 

Calorifere, n. An apparatus for conveying and 
distributing heat, i}\tu^S,. 

Calorific, a. That has the quality of producing 
heat, g:;u';fti |*;u^ll^, ^Kim^ m<i^^ calo- 
rific rays, %\^ji, ){•?:;§. 

Calorification, ?;. The production of heat, ^^l-!\^. 

Calorimeter, n. An apparatus for measuring the 
relative quantities of heat, or the specific calorie 

of bodies, i^m^ iLt&^, m^'^- 

Calorimolor, n. A galvanic, instrument for evolv- 
ing caloric, mP'^f'^'m.-^- 

Calotte, Calote, n. A cap, ;]^||l0,l[liff,l^la^,0|li ; 
in architecture, a cavity or depression. [UJ. 

Calotropis gigantea, n. '^f^ HSL. 

Calotype, n. A name given by Mv. Fox Talbot 

to his invention for making pictures on paper 
or other surfaces by the agency of light, % 

Calovers, (.'alogeri. n. pi. Monks of the Greek 

Church, m^m^mm^- 

Caltrop, ?j. In military alfairs, an instrument with 
four iron points disposed in a triangular form, 
so that three of them being on the ground, the 
other points upward to wound horses' feet, ^J J5 
0J, Mi'J, E^iS, H^ ; watercaltrops, trapa 
hicornis, '^'J^- 

Calumba, n. A plant growing in Mozambique, 
^/iOlmE' il#^ ; the root, a bitter tonic, ^-^. 

Calumet, «. Among the aboriginals of America, 
a pipe for smoking tobacco, used in making 
treaties, ^wMm- 

Calumniate, v.t. To slander, W\%^,^%^,Wi-l%-M 

Calumniate, r. i. To charge falsely and knowingly 

with a crime or offence, |^f gf. 
Calumniated, pp. or a. Slandered, |^®, |^f^®. 
Calumniation, n. A false accusation of a crime or 

otlense, &c., =S=f,|tA^- 
Calumniator, n. One who slanders, gf A^', ISA 

Calumniatory, a. Slanderous, MitPU^t^M^'j- 
Calumnious, a. Slanderous, t^A^k: ntAfl-l ; in- 
jurious to reputation,{§AM:^''iS- 
Calumniously, adv. Slanderously, =|-f^, |^^, j^ 

Calumniousness. n. Slanderousness, tii^,t%lM- 
Calumny, n. Falseaceusation of a crime or otlense, 

maliciously made or reported, !!;■§■, Wih H:^, 

gl<^> iSJaf ng. 
Calvary, 7*. A place of skulls. mWi'^- WMi% M 

-^c^\^' tm±ifi- m'k'z.^' %m.^m- 

Calve, r. i. To bring fortli voung, as a cow, ^^ 

Calves-snout, n. A jilant, snap-dragon, antirrhi- 
num, !^-2- 
Calville, n. A sort of apple, Zp"^. 
Calvinism, u. The theological tenets of Calvin, y/tJ 

Calvinist, «. A follower of Calvin, ^//UfiJ^/Efi 
Calvish, Calfish, «. Like a calf, ^if'^\i^, -'^j^ 

Calx, n. ; pi. Calxes, Calces. Lime or chalk, ^ 

Calycanfhus. n. Ji^lfj. 

Calycinal, Calvde, a. Terlaining to a calyx, "^l"^, 




Calyele, n. A row of small leaflets, at the base of , 

the calyx, on the outside, SS^hSIf?, #Siff • I 

Calyeulatc, Calyclcd, a. Having a calyele, ;^^. 1 

Calyptra, n. The calyx of mosses, ^^^, ^^-(t 

Calvpti-iCorm, a. Having- flic term (it a calvptra. 

Calyx, n.;2>f- Calyxes. The ouler covering of a 
flower, £;;, :j't^B. i'^m- fP- ffi- fit; ^ membra- 
neous sac, g. 
Cam, n. A mechanical conlrivanre for changing 
a circular moliou into an alternate one, or vice 
versa, ii^\i>^. | 7|C 

Cain-wood, n. A tropical wood used in dying, ^ 
Camagon-wood, ». ^t^^^- 
Camaieu, n. See IMouochrome. [M- 

Camber, n. *^:\<i, Wlt&±,fS ; a camberod-deck, ^jt 
Cambering, ppr. or a. Bending, *^, C^H^. ^"Bi- 
Cambial, a. Pertaining to cambistry, Jjii-i^fi^, * 

Camltist, ,.. A banker. gal::^|tt- SJi'T^Vb], "& 

Canilji.stry, n. Tiie science of commercial ex- 
change, mM'A^- ^w^^' f!WM^- 

Camboge, n. See (iamlioge. 

Camboose, n. A ship's cook-room or kitchen, ^, 

Cambrel, n. A crooked piece of iron or wood to 

hang meat on, i"]^!!;. 
Cambric, n. ^'^'YlJ, ^jgrtJ. 
Came, p?-cf . of come. ^"X ! C'lme on from behind, 

iST^J'^T; who is it that came, ^(Y-iAm^- 
Came, ?;. A term applied to small, slender rods of 

cast lead ■P}fi^. 

Camel, n. mk-'mt- sftft- m%%, Jt^, mt ; 

camel's hair, |Jt§^^ ; a large ship's rope, J^|g. 

Camel-backed, «. !|'£^|. 

Cameleon, n. See Chameleon. 

Camellia, n. General term for it, 5j^::f£; caniellia, 
variegated, ^^ ; camellia, laich'un, J^^^. 

Camelopard, n. The girafle, iljiiyi^ g'g.C|. 

Camelot, n. See Camlet. 

Cameo, «. A precious stone, S'S^- 

Camera lucida, n. An optical instrument, which, 
by means of a stile, lenses, &c., gives the out- 
lines of external objects on paper or canvas, so 
that an artist can sketch the sulijcct, ^|a, jt 

Camera obseura, n- Dark chamber, an apparatus 

Terms used by compradors. 

representing an artificial eye, in which the 
images of external objects, received through a 
double convex glass, are exhibited distinctly in 
their native colours, on a white surface placed 
opposite, in the focus of the glass, within a 
darkened chamber, ^^•, jlB'|||^, )li;?:tg- 

Camerade, n. See Comrade. 

Cameralistic, n. I'ertaining to tinnnce and public 
revenue, J^ ^ f,{j , p tp^ . f& i fl^J • 

Cameralistics, u.j'l- 'J'hc science of tinance or 
public revenue, jl^Ji^, Pgf).^^I, XaU^ 

Camerafed, pp. ora. Arched, ©i"^. ^11^: in con- 
cliol'igy, divided into chambers, ("jj^''^- 

Camis, n. A thin dress, vWi^^- 

Camisade, n. An attack by surprise, at night. 1@ 

Camisated, a. Dressed with a shirt outward, ^\>^- 


Camlet, n. * A stuff originally, made of camel s 
hair, but now made sometimes of wool, some- 
times of silk, sometimes of hair, especially that 
of goals, with wool or silk; English camlets, 
WH'P^ f'Jiif-f : r>utch camlets, ?)^jg; imitation 
of camlets and bombazets, M^' silk camlets, 
MffM- MxM ; superior, plain, black camlets, J: 
mmM%t^^ - fiS-"'-«l camlet, ^iTcMm'^ imi- 
tation camlet. )]^^^,#. 

Camleled, a. Coloured or veined, ||P^. :jfgfr5. 

Camomile, ?!. "j:!-^']'- Sec Chamomile. 

Camous. Camovs, a. Flat, depressed, as the nose, 

Caraously, adv. Awry, ^. 

Camp, )i. The ground on which an army pitch 
their tents. ^§|. .^?Jg, ^'M- ^ ; a fortified 
camp, i^ : an army or body of troops encamped 
on the field, &c.. ^. ^'^ • ^" ^l'^ ""* ''' camp, 
fri'^^MM ■■ :i ll.viug camp, fr^, m-^ ; to sur- 
prise a camp, \^^ ; to remove a camp, ^^. 

Camp, f. i. or i. To rest or lodge, as an army or 
travelers in a wilderness, ^^j^jZpJi^. JUc^jI^gf ; 
to pitch a camp, 5fi]^, f^.. ^^. 

Camp-bedstead, n. ^J^. 

Camp-boy, n. A boy that serves in a camp, ^^. 

Camp-fight, 71. A trial by duel, or the legal com- 
bat of two champions, j-tf^. 

Camp-stool, n. A stool with crosslegs to fold up, 

Camp-vinegar, n. A mixture of vinegar with Cay- 
enne pepper, soy, walnut ketchup, anchovies, 





aud garlic, ^jS^. 
Oampagnol, n. A species of short-tai'ed rat, 

Campaign, n. An open field, ZpH. ^i&- ^ffl'- 

tlio time that an army keeps in the tieUl. !l|f!|, 

\ilM^- ll'c fi'"st c-nmpaign, ^UifiilJ^-: a tield 

of battle, |JiJ:g. ("frg. 

Campaign, v. i. To servo in a eampaign. 1^^°^, 

Campaigner, n. An old soldier, -:gf5(,, •:gi^i. 

Canipaua, 71. Tlie pasqiie flower, ^E^- 

Campaniform, ci. In bolanv, in the shape of a hell. 

Campanile, n. A eloek or boll-tower, ^J§. 
Campanology, 71. The art of ringing bells, P,6j^ 

Campanula, n. The bell-tlower, l\^^;{t- 
Campeachy-wood, n. See Logwood. 
Campestral, Campestrian, a. Pertaining to an 

open tield, ^(\^. 0% : growing in a tield, [H 

Oamphene, n. A name for pure oil of turpentine, 

Camphogen, n. A hydroearlxm, fifc]^. 

Camphor, C|,imphire, «. ^^^^j, uO^; Baroos or 
Borneo camphire, <^yf-. ^^#, iSf+#; clean 
Malay camphor, i||yt)r' _L 'K)r ; refuse cam- 
phor, ijtycjr • aromatic camphor, ^^ ; cam- 
phire tree, ^^v;}ij; camphire wood, i^^j^; 
camphor tree forest, f$^. 

Camphor-oil, n. t^S^VlIj- 

Camphor-tree, n. Lauriis camyliora, dnjobala- 
nops aromatica, f|i ^J}.|ifi^>C; a ditferent species, 

Camphoraceoiis, a. Of the nature of camphor, ^ 

Camjjliorate, v.t. To impregnate with camphor, 
Jg^BtJ^. ^%i\mf^-^ I^artaking of camphor, 

Camphorate, n. A salt formed by the comliina- 

tion of comphoric acid with a base, f|:3t^yt. 
Camphorate. a. Pertaining to camphor, |^^C^. 
Cauiphorated, a. Improii'na ted with camphor, ^ 

Cam(!iug, j>p>'- '^^e p]ncamping. 

Camping, n. A playing' at football, ^^. 

Campoi tea, n. ^^jYf 

Camus, Camis, n. A tliin dress, ^^\f.. 

Can, 71. A vessel for liquors, ^,, jH.W- fStf ^ oil 

can, ^^. 
Can, V. i. ; pret. couhJ. 'I'o be able, !»§. •^, fg. \%, 

% W, Wt. Wli. m% PTgg, ^^ ; can do 

it, itf^i, M;>, U^:®±, WfrtiiE, WH 

^, %%i.\ cnn you get up? fl^R&^tP^. flj; 
nfbiUlJlHi; Ves, I can. jl^f^; he can repeat it, 
nt-^z.- fig,t^- 1^^!#iS; it c'!^>i i'P s^'i^^, ff^'t# 
*• sfim±, %m\ I can do it, ^'frf#, ffigg 
:®±. -7^fi&n^± : can be done, fMilj3jJ, PlWf^ 
f#. cTW^i^. Wfr- flgf^; it can do, pri:], f^ 
^H : he can manage it, 'fg^M-gflh fEt^^, iS 
Wt^; can it be done? §,mWrt.. PTt^Sr; he 
can fight and recover liimsolf too. ^^IXfitS-^' 
he docs nil he can. ^^.Wl- ^ijM®, T- jI 

i^:fi. ^;t:>*M-/; : can do it once. gg-T>tl:::; 

can it be! M^lW^^^^i, ^^ ; how can it 1a>? 

:^ ; can rest, fg^; can enjoy tranquil repose, 
g|-5 ; can investigafe, f|^; can attain to, fg 
IH '■ he can (lias the power to) do it, ff ^^i ; 
can illustrate brilliant virtue. j£0|jsj]fi: he 
can read and write. ^^Hfig^-?, PtHP^K; 
ho can write essays, ^ifA\)%^\ can compose 
and perform military exercises, ^"SC^^- 
See Cannot. 
Can-buoy, n. A bu.oy in the form of a cone, ^i§ 


Canadian, a. Pertaining to Canada, y/fl^ftfel'^. 
Canadian, n. An inhabitant or native of Canada, 

Canaille, 71. The rabble, TM:"^ A, T^A> Tfiic 

Canakin, n. A little can or cup. jgff . |?;f-f • 
Canal, 7i. A passage for water, j^. ?K?I- 7KS§- <3?' 
fpT, 7K; the Grand Canal, ji-^jjir. ig[JI?Pr, U 
jpj. j^iJllfpI' : a channel of the sea, ^j^ ; a canal 
will] loi'ks, ft^ljpl; a canal for boals, j^. (1%?^; 
canals, gutters or aqueducts, ij^, ^, jJC^, jH 

Canal-boat, 7;. )]^?pI:/^• 

Canal-coal, n. AVe Cannel-coal. 
Canabiculafo, Canabiculatcd, a. In botany, fur- 
rowed, mfm- mjim- 

Canary, n. Wine made in the Canary i.s'.es, 7/|]^ 

Canary-bird, 71. A s])ecies of /rni^^iV/a from tho 
Canary islands, H^M'^. ^^: liow harmonious 
is tho voice of the canary-bird? ^,^^,i^.1t«| 

Canary -fruit, n. A species of canary-fruit, jg. 
Canary-grass, n. The phalaris, M'^'W^i- 
Canary-seed, 71. W^wk^- 
Cancel, v.t. To cross the lines of a writinii- and 

deface tlicjn, ^M, JJlg, ^^, Hji^- ll!)* ; to 




set aside or render invalid by any means, ^?(fe, 
^±, ^^' ®^> ^^; <o c-^iifi'l <he old and 
ealablish llie now, ]f^ /jjc 'Pfj if. ^1 A ]^; to 
caurol a dobt, ifif^. ^f,*^=, ^UX^.l t'J fi^'^el 

Canceled, pp. Crossed, ^Mig, iJ'^M ; annulled, 

Canceling, ppr. Crossing, ^M. ^yg], jg?tfe- 
Canceliate, «. In botany, having a net-work of 
veins, like some leaves, without the interme- 
diate parenchyma, ^j;P^, ^i-'^^j. ■ 
Cancellated, a. Cross-barred, f|i0fKj ; cellular, ^ 

Cancellation, ;;. ^//Ug. 

Cancer, n. A genus of c/'ifs^acefl, ^, $§^, (see 
Crab); a scirrhous tumour of the glands, ;!gf, 
#^; ulcerated cancer, tg^'ljl, ^gft'LiftWa; 
cancer of (he breast, ^;)|if, fg ; eaneer of the 
bone, "i-^ll; cancer of tiie eye, [lg;)|j| ; cancer of 
the lips, ^'^H; cancer of the scrotum, l^^^ll'i 
cancer of the tongue, "^'-Jl^; internal cancer, 
ft pf^ifi; cancer of the stomach, ^■^■g:)s.. 

Cancerate, v. i. To become a cancer, ^f^. 

Canceration, n. A growing cancerous, ^'-l^^- 

Cancerous, a. Like a cancer, ^|fl!]]5^; having the 
qualities of a cancer, ^p^, 'Mifi^- 

Cancerousness, ji. The state of being cancerous, 

«^, &im- 

Canceriform, a. Cancerous, ^f^^, '-fUWl-^ ' having 

the form of a cancer, fg.^, fj,;i||, gjffi;^. 
Cancrite, n. A fossil crab, S^il'^- 
Candareen, n. The 7:2d part of a Mexican Dollar, 

— '^^• 
Candelabrum, n. ; ^iZ. Candelalu-a. A tall stand 

for a lamp, l^:^-^-; a candelabrum with seven 

branches, -L'MiSii- 
Candent, a. Very hot. ^^,, -l^fh, ^f^; heated 

to whiteness, j^jij^ ; glowing with heat, jij- 

Candid, a. White, ^ ; disposed to think and judge 
according to truth and justice, j£jg, !^^, ,S- 
jE; open, {g;^, Sl^, I'j]^ ; frank, artless, to 

n^ mmu^ m^u, n>bm- 

Candidate, n. One who seeks, or aspires for office, 
privilege, &c., ^fgM^; candidate for the 
lowest degree of literary rank. g^ti. ^iK- flj 
g!c; candidate for office. ^^. llJiJi, ^jg ; a 
candidate of theology, ■|^^:5:|lili|i3(^ : a candidate 
for parliament, ^^"^^k^i ; to gamble on the 
names of candidates, ^[§^. [iS^- 

Candidly, adv. Openly, P/J, BJ«; frankly, jfi. 

Candidness, n. Openness of mind, iEii;^i .S'JIl 

Candied, pp. or «. Preserved or incriisted with 
siiR-ar, f;MM- fflftli6^; f-andied fruit. f}^|g, 
mmM ; c-a"'li«^ orange, ^±gf, ilJi-tM- ^^ 
^f^; candied ginger, Itf^^t ; candied melons, 
mB^JS^^VdlS.; candied citrons, mB^^; 
candied dates, ^■^; candied tigs, |tli^". 

Candify, v.i. or i. To become candied, T^f,\\, ^ 
f'\\y ^&- ^6 ; *o "lake candied, i'#'|),Jf. 

Candle, ?k jgj ; a wax candle, ig;^ ; oil candles, 
VlllJSi ; tallow candles, ^^ ; painted candles, 
^Sltaj ; foreign candles, ^J^ ; to dip candles, 
DtllliSa ; show candles, ^j^ ; dragon candles, 
11^3; wedding candles, ME®: longevity 
candles presented on liirthdays, ^-.^ ; to light 
a candle, l^-q, t^Sj ; to hold a candle, ^gj ; 
to hold a candle when going out at night, ^ 
i^fSjl; pi't c'l't tlic eandle, P^.E.^, Mi:.^!fii 
j^; candle mnlh, J14|?; candle shade, j^l^; 
candle illumines man's heart, j33RBA»li<; fan- 
dies hard, with fine wicks, Jfflj^S:^; 'j"i'n 
incense and light candles, ^-gSAiS. 

Candle-berry-tree, ?i. The wax-bearing myrtle, 

Candle-bomb, n. A small glass bubble, ^^:1^-F, 

Candle-holder, n. ^;@il^ ; one who remotely aids 

another, ^^. 
Caudle-light, n. ^%; to work by candle-light. 

Candlemas, «. The fea.'^t of the Euman Catholics, 
celebrated on the second day of February, ^ 
:lili!.?&r:;^ rani- 
Candlestick, n. ssg. mu- '^^- %M- m- i^^ 

|g; a silver candlestick, gifij^; tin candle- 
stick, ffe:^4i: foreign candlestick, W^'^; a 
three-branched candlestick, HMtS^'- ''^ 
scour a candlestick, p^'133^: srour that candle- 
slick bright, v^fm^'A^ WMM'^^'A- 

Candle-waster, ;(. A hard student, ?jf 4^ ^ ; a 
siendlhrift, jjj^. 

Candle-wick, n. ^,^^. 

Candour, n. A disposition to treat subjects with 
t'=nniess, Mf^fgg. IE g, ,'£, It, M K- SM- 
MfflSlg: ii'Uwi-tiality, 4Ste- 

Caudv, r. ^ To conserve with sugar, ^•'^|f, T^|§, 
Uiemai, JlU|ifi^± ; to boil in sugar, MM 


Candv, v.i. To lorm into crystals, j^^^, '^^, 




Candy sugar, n. U<'^, ||ffi[; molasses candy, |f 

Candy-lion's-foot, n. A plant, :^jg. [^. 

Candy-tufts, n. A plant, the iheris, ^^^. 

Candying-, ppr. Conserving with sugar, j^J/>|)^. 

Cane,"«. A walking-stick, f|g^, i?|i, ijc^, |i; 
sugar-cane, * ;&;, ii*;,^ ; Indian or bamboo cane, 
Yf ; rattan cane, fj§, )j§^ ; the head of a eaue, 
^|i^5^; a long measure in several countries 
of Europe, ^y^. 

Cane, v.t. To beat with a cane, J^fl^^^jA. i^J, 
tttTA, f^l^ibtlA; the punishment with the 
cane, ^j^jflj, ^M- 

Cane-brake, n. A thicket of canes, )j'|j^. 

Cane-hole, n. A hole for planting the cuttings of 
cane on sugar plantations, )K;Jt^. 

Cane-mill, n. A mill for grinding sugar-cane for 
the manufacturing of sugar; cane-mill in 
China, jH?|^ ; cane-mill in Europe, ift||. 

Cane-trash, n. Mi% M^- 

Canescent, a. Growing white or hoary, ^p. 

Canicula, Canicule, n. A star in the constellation 
of Canis Major, called also Sirins. %(§. 

Cangue, n. The wooden pillory, in whieii criminals 
are exposed. ^, ^, ^^CB^nf, ±^)^ gf ; put him 
in the cangue, ^fj^f^; the superscription on 
the cangue, ^^ ; to wear the cangue for one 

month. tfl-f@;^ii. mm—)^- 

Canine, a. Pertaining to dogs, ^, ix.'^U^ fui^pQ^ 
^(^^', having the properties or qualities of a dog. 
amm^ m^a^ am^.i'k; a canine appetite, 
^ ^' ^ '^ ?fi]- —^^Mfl' f'^iiiii'^ madness, 
mm-' t'anine teeth, J^j3f, Cif- ^vtP'Jif- 

Caning, n. A beating with a stick, J^j^Jt^J A' tt 


Canister, 71. (jjf , }^ ; a tea canister. ^^|1 ; a cof- 
fee canister, ;/iD# 5ii ; a leaden canister, -If^Jf ; a 
tin-canister, ||S§. 

Canker, 71. A virulent, corroding ulcer, Jgjt ; the 
canker worm, 4^^, ^^. ^M.'- i'"st of iron, 
^Blf ; ^ disease in horse's feet, J^'j^^^. 

Canker, v. t. To corrode, ^f^ ; to consume in the 
manner that a canker affects the body, H^ ; 
to pollute, 3^J^. 

Canker, v. i. To grow corrupt, ^i^ ; to decay or 
waste away by means of any noxious cause, ^ 
^; to grow rusty, ,lLl|f, MJ, ^^^. 

Canker-like, a. Eating or corrupting like a cank- 
er, ^:^. 

Canker-worm. n. A worm destructive to trees or 

* See under 

Canker-bit, a. Bitten with a cankered or enven- 
omed tooth, ^IM- WU' ^ifii 
Cankered, 2:1^). or n. Eaten, "^^j^; corroded, |f 

:^iaT ; uncivil, ^i*p|f. [(i{j. 

Cankerous, a. Corroding like a canker, 58"^- 'M 
Canna indica, n. Indian shot, 5t*g'--'p. iiC^'^ic,- 
Cannabiue, a. Pertaining to hemp, IftP^. 1%.^^. 
Cannabis, 7J. Hemp, %, :^ tlfc, lift ; cannabis 

satlia, iXIftt- 
Cannarium, «. Ulive, ^^; cannarium album, 

l&tSi cannarium nir/ruvi pimcla, %^-* 
Canuel-coal, n. ij^j;%. 
Cannequin, n. AVhite cotton cloth from the East 

Indies, ^^. 
Cannibal, n. A human being who cats human 

flpsh, '%K'^%h^^\^ nation of cannibals, 


Cannibalism, n. The practice of eating human 
flesh, by mankind, A^ K±,% :^A±!I^; 
murderous cruelty, 51i'l¥- 

Cannon. „. ± fft, X^^l^. ^U^- ^^^. ^ 
M' ±^ ; 'j'-'iss cannon, ^Jf)'^, m')&- -i f«"- 
non, — P^'iel: to tiro a cannon, i^-ig. j^'j^. ?g 
•)^; the report of a cannon, 'J^^, ^PI^- See 

Cannon-ball, „. ffiflg, ^W^ 'B?, ^WP- M^ 
m^ ±^WJ- ; to f'lst cannon-balls, ^i!:a5f.. 

Cannon-metal, f n. "^§3- 

Cannon-proof, «. Proof aeainst cannon shot, ^^ 

Cannon-shot, n. A ball for cannon, 'i^fi^. 'ii^^ ; 

the range a cannon will throw a ball. 'JtQ^gJ. 

Cannonade, v.t. To attack with heavy artillery, 

Cannonade, i'. i. To disciiarge cannon, f^J^'iil- ^ 

Cannonade, n. The act of discharging cannon and 
throwing balls for the purpose of destroying 
an army, &c., g^^, a^m^kW ?5- 

Cannonaded, pp. Attacked with cannon-shot. ^ 

Cannoneer, Cannonier, n. A man who manages 
cannon, jj-gf-, ^-'M^ ; an engineer, 'M^^M^ 

Cannot, (ran and not.) These words are usually 
united. ))iit jHU'liaps without t^nod reason, ^fg, 

fgffg- "Sm, ^t#, T^ pT, T^ t . #4t- ^i ■£• *m ; 

it ciinnot be .said, ^SH^f^, f,|P|inf- fSpfi'm. Cg 

lfl^§*.FJi:^^, T^ilf^i^; c"""ot but, ;f,ii^T>; 




he canuot come, Pg?}5^lf, *:f ^, fifgS ; it 
cannot be done, pKf^^i^, ^pK^|^, f^;p^>|, ;f,|fg 
^;J^ ; cannot manage (coniplete) it. fj^Pg^J. H^ 
^JiJ^^ilA^Ji^i-if-^^M- Ciinnot understand it, 
V^m^^ "Slf^- PGI^Rh l^t^h cannot go 
quickly, 9li f j K+ 'K, f? Pg 4fi- tT ?l T'li^i- f?^ 
'lH tJi ; cannot go jar, pK iff^jg, ff :f flj j^g ; can- 
not long, PJifgii, .l^fi&A, ^'Pm^; f-innot 
avoid it, ;f,^: canuot lor less, >}/il^\l\, >pj>'\^; 
cannot part with it, Pg^f#, Pg^Hf^, ^T^tlf; 
canuot i^irt wilh you, PSl^f^f-j;, [^iT^KlfiTv T^ 
ll^WJ^', *.l]T>t^il1^ ; '-annot give biui up, $k^ 

rsu- mMM^ T>S'^±. mmm ; '-annot 

disiHisc ol il, for waut ut cuslomers, ^PJ[I§(I,H 
PS^i-, If^^^fi- ttl'Sfilj' "t^l ; cannot on any 
account, m^^h^- m/yiT^tS- t!^T4^ ; I cannot 
believe you, P«fnf|f-t>i^- ^fnT^Hf^' ; cannot 
subdue hiui, PglMf^filli- "i^ftil^fi : cannot do 

without it, f^imM, ffpsft^tif, T>frT>Kf T> 

W^±.: cannot reach it, l^^^W^MAk^JiM^ Z> 
iifMWi ; cannot see it, H^^^WL^M.^ T>JlL. 
^pjjjlj; it is because you will not, not because 
you cannot, :g:;f, ^4, ^l^:;f, f^^ ; words cannot 
be relied on, P .SHi'ii)-'. cannot t hink it complete- 
ly out, ;g, 7f> j'C- ; cannot imd it out by think- 
ing, iMj^^U]; cannot got the better of him, 
Jgl^f^lte, ; cannot see it plainly enough to make 


Cannula, )). A metalic tuljc used by surgeons for 

various purposes, 

<^ 'fw 

Cannular, «. Tubular, i|V|i^, f^]'^^, ISiWiB- 
Canoe, n. A boat formed of the body or trunk of 
a tree excavated, JHi-i]Sffi±.>M3> M^-W,^^ 

Canon, v. A law, Ji, m^, mi M^, WM^ f* 
j^lj , j ji Jil ; the genuine books of the Sacred 
Scriptures, ^$1 ; a dignitary of the church, ^^ 
Glli ; in monasteries, a book containing the rules 
of the order, tJjii!^"f5lh '^^^ canon of a Bud- 
dhist monastery, i^-f^^^; a catalogue of 
saiuls canonized, 5b S' II ; *i'c canon of the 
mass, JiJ^IJ^Jfe : a rule for compounding medi- 
cines, ^Jill ; canon-law, S^j^llfl^- 

Canon-bit, ». That part of a bit let into a liorse's 
mouth, }^'^jjif. 

Canoncss, «. A woman who enjoys a prebend, 
wilhout being obliged to renounce the world, 

Canonic, Canonical, a. Pertaining or according to 
the canon or rule. Jii-Pj^.l^fl^, A^,M )i ; canon- 
ical books, igi|,^|l;'the canonical books of 

Buddha, ^ Jt, f^ Jl ; canonical hours among 
Buddhists, ^ f^,!].^ ; canonical hours among Eo- 
man Catholics, ^M^^, ?f-J:lS-II#; canonical 
obedience, ^gjfll, ^Sl; canonical sins 5E|P, Jg 
P^P; canonical IctfJrs, iEfi;§.§, iEli^CJS- 

Oanonically, arJr. In a manner agrcealjle to the 
canon, :JgJ&..'^|k.;?£Jl; to speak or write canon- 
ically, aJIIAih^. 

Canonicals, H.p/. The full dress of the clergy, 
worn when they officiate, ^^liljiUHj;!, il^. 

Canonicate, n. The office of a camm, JfiicfiilJilf*- 

Canonicity, n. The shite of belonging to the canon, 

Canonist, «. A professor of canon law, f,f| Jj^ pif ; 
one skilled in the study and ]irnctice of ecclesi- 
astical law, ]$^M-^'i<i, tifmSli- 

Canonization. ?;. The act of deidaring a man a 

saint, fjj^^, fjfmi?A, m^mA'^ •. ^i-e 

act of declaring one a demigod, i|jj!| Jt^^f't' ! *1"5 
state of being sainted, ;^?!j|^ ; to place among 
the saints, A^/D, A'-JlM^ ^AWMM'^M 
J§j ; the state of being a Buddha, ^§1;. 
Canonize, v. t. '\'o declare a man a saint, '^l^, '')§l 
^'^MAAm§3^A ; fo declare one a demigod, 

Canonized, pp. ox a. Declared (o be a saint, }J5JjJ^ 

Canonizing, ppr. Declaring to bo a saint, fjjjf::^ 

Canonry, Canonship, n. ^^U^^M- 

Canopy, n. A covering over the imperial throne, 
^1^; canopy of an altar, &c., |,f,^, -^-^£; a 
slate canopy, ^^ ; thecanopy of heaven, '^^, 
^> ^il^i :^?i ; under the canopy of heaven, ^ 
f ,^1; , ^%ilT ; "'f covering over a bed, 
UWt, i%^, %kh ; 'lie canopy of a carriage, if^, 
^ ; a covering over the head, |^, '%'^, 5cM) 

%^£tK, ^m^-mi, mm. 

Canopy, v.t. To cover a throne with a canopy, ^ 
mm ; to canopy an altar, etc., ^l^Xmk- 

Canopy-couch, n. ||f flj. 

Canorous, a. Musical, MiW^^ WS'a • 

Cant, V. t. To give a sudden thrust or impulse with 
the feet, ^| ; to cant with the hand, j^ • to 
pitch forward, as a cask, •jStSylf; to sell by 
auction, tUJS;, t^R, ttiM ! to bid a price at 
auction, HJfg ; to speak with a whining voice, 
or an aflected, sineing tone, JOJ^!^.- £'l'^'l^- 

Cant, n. A thrust, ^-^^. ^^-, -^, ^^- ; an 
inclination from a horizontal line, ^\ ; a whin- 
ing manner of sjieech, ^^,^'I^/S; the pe- 




culicar words and phrases of professional men, 
-tj^t^ ; phrases often repeated, or not well au- 
tliorized, Pl^; out-cry at a public sale of goods, 

Cant, ji. An external angle or quoin of a building, 


Cantaloupe, Canfaleup, n. A small, round variety 
of musk-melon, >hlS.^. 

Cantata, n. A poem set to music, g^". 

Canteen, n. A tin vessel used Ijy soldiers for car- 
rying liquor for drink, ifSf ,",B^ PllSiS^. 

Cantel, Cautle, n. The hind liow of a saddle, 

Canter, v.i. To move, as a horse in a moderate 

gallop, Ig'^U- 
Canter, «. A moderate gallop, feSgSif, Ig^W^ 

one who cants or whines, ?g^'^';^^"- 
Canterbury, n. A receptacle for music, port folios, 

Canterbury-bell, n. A species of c«mp(nn(?a, ffi 

Canterbury-gallop, n. The moderate gallop of a 

horse, km^- 
Cantering, i^pr. Moving with a moderate gallop, 


Cantharides, ; Cantheris, sing. Jlf^, JfEfS, 

Cantharidin, 7?. The peculiar substance in canthar- 
ides which causes vesication, JjE^xt' 'i^^^lZ- 

Canthus, «. An angle of the eye, J^, ^K;^; extern- 
al canthus, BJ|J^, ^h's; internal canthus, Hg 

Canticle, «. A song, ^, ^ ; in the plural, Canti- 
des, the Song of Songs, Song of Solomon, JJ^-^. 

Cantiliate, v. t. To chant, n^ , gj^. 

Cantillation, n. A chanting,!!^, -U^^, Cg^. 

Canting, fpr.oxa. Giving a sudden thrust or 
impulse with the foot, ^ ; giving a sudden 
thrust or impulse with the hand, ^ ; canting, 
as when pushing a barrel, •(EtSSM- 

Cantingly, adv. AV'ith a cant, PgW. 

Cantle, n. A fragment, )^, ^; a corner or edge 
of anything, J^;^^, %^Wi, ^M- 

Cantle, v. t- To cut into pieces. ^^.. 

Cantlet, n. A piece, }^, >h^, ^^±'1^; a little 
corner, )]^|5^, >hf^. 

Canto, n. A part or division of a poem, answering 
to what, in prose, is called a book, ^, W^^M 
:g; a song, f^, — #1$; the iiighest vocal part, 
or the leading melody, f^'^'S'^i^'^.- 

Canton, n. A small division of territory, 0,; a 

state or government, ^, ^. 
Canton, v.t. To divide into small parts or dis- 
tricts, as territory, ^1?: ; to allot separate quar- 
ters to difl'erent parts or divisions of an army, 

Canton, a. Southern ]irovince in China proper, J^ 
yH'M^ 4*Jl^!fi', ift'^; the prefecture of Canton, 
J^jllijff; the city of Canton, ^l^'^'J^, ^M, 
J^'-^^M' ISM; the Governor General of Can- 
ton (i. e. the jiruvinces Kwangtungand Kwang- 
si)- iS'hS'S^; tlje Governor of Ganton, ^^ 
^^; the Hoppo of Canton, 4*)-}^}§II3- 

Cantoned, ^)2'' I'ivided into distinct parts or quar- 
ters, ^ ■§!!?., ^m-i,^i§iw- 

Cantoning, pjir. Dividina: into distinct districts, 

ms, ^si), ^«p. 

Cantonment, n. A part of a town or village, as- 
signed to a particular body of troops, i^, ^, 
M- ftXi ^IH,'- the cantonment at the Bocca 

Cantrap, n. An incantation or .spell, ^. 
Cantred, Cantref, n. A hundred villages, as ill 

Wales, W+il^- 
Canula, n. Canula for ligatures, ^^^^. See 

Canvas, n. A coarse clotli, made for sails of ships, 

painting, (fee, ijltflj , l]® flj, j^flj ; cloth in sails, 

Canvas-back, n. A kind of duck, 

Canvass, v.t. To discuss, HJ, |^^^; to examine, 
as returns of votes, ^, ^^ ; to search or scru- 
tinize, ^^, ^'^ ; to go through in the way 
of solicitation, ?^AgSl«B, ^A^^- 

Canvass, v. i. TogoaViout lo solicit votes or inter- 
est, ^Tm- 

Canvass, n. Examination, %^\ close inspection 
to know the stale of, Ig^ ; discussion, ||{ |g ; 
deliate, ^ |^, J|jJ ; suiicitation or efforts to ob- 
tain, ^Bpa. 

Canvasser, n. One who solicits votes, ;]<(5g5?.^' > 
one who examines tiie returns of voles for a 
public officer, * ^^^g^. 

Canvassing, 2'2^''- I'iseussing, ||||^ ; examining, 
^^ ; sifting, ^g^; seeking, }% 

Cany, n. Consisting of cane, fjjl'^. fl|fKj. 

Canzonet, «. A short song, $^t^. 

Caoutchouc, n. Indian rubber, ^\W- 

Caoutchoucine, n. The highly intlanunalile, vola- 
tile, oily liquid, obtained by dislillaliou from, 
caoutchouc, Isj^M^^S- 

* This application of Uie word is doubtful. 


(197 ) 


Cap, n. A cover for the head, ifi|, iji|^, )J^'p|, — 
JH'fii — 'ft'I"!; ^ f^P worn by the aiioients, 
^ ; a square cap, :^rfl ; a round cap, i^ ; a cap 
of manhood, 'M ; a summer cap, Jj.ipg, ^j;ip|j ; a 
winter cap, '^ipl, $ifg, m'jM, ^'^U ; 'i red 
fringed cap, UmU^mn-^ ^ ^It c-ap, r^^i^l ; 
children's caps with ornaments, A fijj i|ifj ; a 
woman's hempen mourning cap, uU^i ', '' lady's 
cap, ^ : a night-cap, (l^ipi ; a fancy cap, 1^ ; 
a cap adorned with feathers, ^'M', '^ ''ap and 
bells, al.lliili; a soldier's cap, tttilii|ia, tl; a 
cap worn by otficers, ifg ; a cap with tiaps cover- 
ing the ears, ')^U-^a-WM ; a c^P of ceremony, 
WiS., t^'M, §,li; a '"yal cap in the form of 
a crown, ^, 'M^ ; a foreign cap, ?^ipg, |1$ A 
iJI ; the cap of a mast, ||gip| ; a percussion 
cap, Pjf^, M^B-p'^ a waterproof cap, -^tiP,!, 
^^1^,; tiie knee-cap, iff; the topmost part of 
any thing, ]^, ]KJ^ ; to wear a cap, ^i|ifj^ ; 
to take off a cap, or remove your caj), JljtWi, M 

' *!?, *ip|^, ^7^, l^'Pi ; to put on a caji, M 
5a;. M'^U ; to cast one's cap at any one, ^.f^, 
ggSfSi; a considering cap, IJl.Hg. 

Cap, c. «. To cover the top or end, as with a cap, 
M, M'Pe}> ±'PI ; to eap a young man, MM ; lo 
cap a bottle, it.lj^DlJ. 

Cap-a-pie. From head to foot. fj3l^^; armed 
cap-a-pie, fi#M^, ^kim^'M^AM- 

Cap-paper, n. Coarse paper, H|Jt, ^jj^. 

Cap-squares, Strong plates of iron which 
come over the trunnions of a cannon and hold 
it down, ')^^.^. 

Capability, ». The quality of being capable, ::f flt> 

Capable, a. Having the requisite capacity or aljili- 

t.y, t^, m, ^, t, m'^, n, itt&, wti!j, ^ 
:t#. ^, ^t*?^, mm, r-m, st£, nfi, ru^i 

IS, PjJtUm, >t/1i^, rf:^t&; capable of hold- 
ing, as a vessel, ^,fftf|, Pf^M, Rllfgl^iJ ; 
a capable man, Kg A, :}'|fg''^A, Wtb^A. :t 
^, PJA: capable of doing, ^HAii, m^^^, 

if'i^, 1jfi1^ ; capable of managing, fj|. 

Hb^WV. Itff S; capable of teaching, 
It^. ^^. lif^ ; capable of comprehending, 
^\^, jifl, ISn/J. ff^ffl: capable of drinking 
much, :;A;.f@M. J;.^^. f^ft ; capable of devis- 
ing- fitt, fi^ ; capable ef base actions, if^ 
g^fj ; capable of murdering one, l'§^A : ca- 
pable of generous actions, %fj^:k.'M. > ''•? '^ ca- 
pable of writing English, {g^5&;^^. 
Capableness, n. Capacity, ::f Bb> fib^! power of 

understanding, ^f.Q^; knowledge, §^. 
Capacious, a. That will hold or embrace much, 
m-k, m±, t.m, Vf- A^capadous intellect, if 
Mm, m^in-TsU'X- I^^M^^-, capacious, or 
bulky, us a cask, f^-K; equal lo great things, 

Capaciousness, n. Wideness, ij;*;., J^;;;, %^, ^ 
^5 %M, ^^;compreheusiveuess, or power of 
taking a wide survey, ^BjJ, PjJ^. 

Capacitate, v. t. To make capalde, "OJi Wfifg.^Wtb, 
f^-fEI*f?Ht- f^f[^#*5i; '0 furnish one with 
legal pnwers, Uktm^, "^liSftH, iHmik^- 

Capacity, n. Passive power, or power of contain- 
ing, ^ift,^-f.Jt-i:- M' ii^-- f-xtcnt of room 
or space, fi,]-X. g= t;i], -^|,i^], '^^, j^^; ability, 

al power, -ji^, ^j}\ legal power or right, 
^h ttl#; the solid contenls of a body, ^^, 
j^;^: ; profession, '4v^,|P^,I;^; in the char- 
acter of, #, if, # f^, # jj'-^, {g :g^ ; capacity 
to drink wine, jgg; capacity to drink or absorb, 
^M ; a person of small capacity, gjl^^^,^ 
:§:1^'I"*; the capacity to know the height and 
depth of heaven and earth, fg^% 'i^ilUfS. 

Caparison, n. A cloth or covering laid over the 
saddle or furniture of a hors(}, ^fj,, ,!^^, ^,E^ 
gil'dj; armour, It Ep, (flfl. 

Caparison, v.t. To cover with a cloth, as a horse, 
^,'.!j^. ^W3S. n^)":^.^; to dress pompouslv. 

Caparisoned, pp. Covered with cloth, ^'^Bjti'r 
dressed pompously, Jl^fijij;^, ^iM^^- 

Cape, n. A head-laml, lU3I, lii%% W, 7^^. M 
M. liki^- ^Si!!; the cape of a garuient, ||a" 

Cajielau, n. A small fish of the northern seas, ;^ 

Capella, n. A bright fixed star in Aurlfja, 3£t^. 

Capeliet, n. A kiJidof swelling, like a wen grow- 
ing on the heel of the hock on a horse, B-iM^M- 

Caper, v. i. To leap, £.'|c, J^t^, ^i^, '^.Y^, Igiil, 
{^,1; to caper for joy, ]^:iimi; to prance, (^ 

Caper, n. A leap, — £ife, £;t-^; a spring as in the 
frolic of a goat or lauib, fiJjff , i';L-?M ; a priva- 
teer, ItSlg; cross-capers, ^^'. 
Caper-bush, n. 7j\c;jiLU|$); caper-sauce, il<lB.$]ti\-- 
Caper-cut ling, a. Leaping or dancing in a frolic, 

*c., n:mm- 

Caperer, n. One who leaj^ and skips about, i^'tJg 




Capering, ppr.ora. Leaping, S)%j{l. 

Capias, 7j. A writ of two sorls, one before jiidg- 

. nient, the oilier after jiulgnient, :f:W%fr|f. 
^tf. I'-i'T- 

Capillaceoiis, a. Having long lilaments. fSee Capil- 

Capiliaire, n. Syrup from maiden liair,M ■^'i^'f^^ 
7jC; any simple syrup, flavoui'cHl witli orange- 
flower water, |f.:f't#DbK- 

Capillament, ??. ^^; one of (he fine fibres of 
which the nervesarecomposed, ^f)'/j; a filament , 
thai grows in the middle of a flower, :f^jg.. 

Capillarity, n. The state of being capillary, ^^ 

^. ^^■• 

Capillary, a. liesemliling a hair, J|, |i^,^,,f$; 
capilliiry planis, H^f^lt:: cai'i"'ii'y vessels,,^. 
Wh MTi^ €)l?i' >h'hTl- capillary veins, ^[BjjSl 
^; capillary attracliou,i|p]%':4B^, ^^U^Xt^. 

Cajiillary, n. A fine vessel or canal, i^gfyj, ^H^, 

Capilliforni, a. In the shape of a hair, ^i®^, f^ 

Capital, a. First in impnriance, ■^:k.^h B. J<. 
(ih ^k^ iliWU^ ^WWU- =» '^•"l'i''il It'ller. 

ir-# ^^, ffi ^ ^-.* WM"^, ±m^, mm 

Jf: ; a capital city, PM, pM, p,m ; ^i capital 
ship, Ji^fJifSft; the capital slock, ^|g; a 
capital crime, ^^.,^M^ ^'f M^ W IF-, fx 511 
^; capital punitlimeiit, :)^i^:A round square 
capital, ± ff tl ; a capital plan, i'J; fj, ij;^^, 

Capital, )). The iippermosf part of a pillar, :^ B[, 
5fffi, li, m- m, m^- ttH ; <l:e capital of a 
slate, 3^, pM, P.'^h PM, PAli, P^.,n{i., 
^"f ; the capital of a jirovince, '^j]^ ; to go to 
the capital, ±p, jgy, ^'p, ^p ; the pres- 
. ent capital, :^p. ^^'^UPJM- <lie stock in 
trade, 7|C|g, M^M^^'^^^'^ capitaland inler- 
est,^-f(J^^, jSl 4^; interest on the capital in- 
vested, J.;Jl/ti;B^ ,Q., ;[f 7ti;Ji>fiJ; interest just 
, saves the capital, ^TtcA'fiJ ; I'o capital, H ^; 
to advance capital, iU/JS, ^J-t^i ?l^ ! ^ l^'e'^ 
letter in printing, ^'-pj::^^- 

Capitalist, ». A man who has cajiital, iVj'^, tN 
^Mi.'- ^ person who has stock in trade, V^^, 

_ Itt ifg • 

* The Chiuese express a capital letter l>y a blank left 
before the character that ought tu comiuence with a capital 
letter, or they place tlie name above the general lines of the 
page, a distinction reserved for the Kinperor and persons of 
rank. Tliis has also been adopted whenever the name of 
God occurred. Italics are expressed by a triangle written 
on the right hand side of the character. 

Cajiilallv, adv. In an excellent manner, ^% JJ-, 

mi<nit, ^H. fSiSjJ'-, mS, ^M ; in a way 

involving loss of life, ^ ; ciipitally punished, 
ff t ; capitally convicted, ;£5E^,":£T^P ; 
capitally done, ifmUM''' il^iSSll ; capitally 
planned, tl=y.4S#- 
Capitate, a. In botany, growing in a bead, ^^ 

Capitation, n. Numeration by the head, ^ Pf|-, 

SdS:^-) iiiU^ ; ^ numbering of persons, ^ 

Ig; ; capitation or poll-tax, ~f ^. 
Ca[iite, n. In English law, a tenant in capifcor in 

chief, who holds lands iiumediafcly of the king, 

Capitol, n. The Temple of Jupiter, ^^jkM > ^^'^ 
edifice occupied by the Congress of the United 
States in their deliberations, ^tS|@iV)5r; ^ 
stale house, ^;2,5>J?r, ^It^- 

Capitorian, Capiloline, a. Pertaining to the Capi- 
tol in Pome, B!}-j-J<.%i\^- 

Capitular, Capitulary, ». An act passed in a chapter, 
either of knights, canons, or religious, ^^ ; 
the body of laws or statutes of a chapter, M ; 
the member of a chapter, ^^ ; the laws made 
by Charlemagne and other early French kings, 

Capitulary, a. Pelaling to the chapter of a cathe- 
dral, ■t;gei t^m- 

Ca]iitulate, r. i. To draw up a writing in chapters, 
heads or articles, :g!;f^.^,^I?$^ ; to surrender, 
as an army or garrison, ^J^, |f p$, iS;M, Ig 

Capitulation, n. The act of capitulating, or siu'- 
rcndering to an enemy upon stipulated terms, 
^|!f ^ ; the treaty of capitulation, \^^, p$fl:, 

Capilulator, n. One who capitulates, -JS^-^- 
Capivi, n. See Copaiba. 

Capnoinancy, n. Divination liy the ascent or mo- 
tion of smoke, ^^0^ Mh jtH h- 
Cajmomor, n. A transparent, colourless oil-like 
j fluid obtained from the smoke of organic bodies, 

Capoeh, n. A monk's hood, '^'M, jtipB ; tlic hood 
j ofacloak, :^:ipfi. 
Capon, n. A young, castrated cock, ^{tjgg, ^i^, 

fern m- 

j Capon, Caponize, v.t. To castrate, as a cock, J^J, 
: Caponiere, n. A passage from one part of a work 
j to another, proleded on each side by a wall or 
I parapet, fcl-5"jiit§- 




Capot, v.t. To win all the tricks of cards at the 
game of piquet, fJ^lM, * ^1"^. ^^• 

Capper, «. One wiiose Imsinoss is to make or sell 
caps, ^A, fSi:'|iB(iili!'Jji, ufnd'^- 

Capreolate, f «. In l)Ohinv, liaving tendriiis, or 
filiform siiiral elaspers, 'U)U^, ^^"K- ^^ 

Capriccioso, «. A free fantastic stylo of music, f{£ 

Capric acid, j?. An acid obtained from luittei-, ^ 
ffllM ; capric acid crystallized, ILfttlft'iy^- 

Caprice, n. A sudden start of the mind, or sudden 
change of opinion or humour, ^)\^. ;g;t^, ^. 

iii'i, mm, mn- si^-^-- mm-^i- 

Capricious, a. Wliimsical. ^ft, ^<ij., I'r fS fKl- 
mmm. Ki^, im, mM- nnsleady, MUift 

m, m m t> £, iUi±^, mm^X'^, ^K-ft+s 

l^fi^; a capridons fellow, t-l^Pg? A, "i^Mf^ 

A, mmmk, ^s-fi'isA, n±isMK, ^m 

Caiirii'iouslv, adv. In a eapricioiis manner, ^Wi, 

Capriciousness, «. The qualify of being lod bv 
caprice, it^g;^-, ^fi^-, m%^, K^'^^, ^ 

Cai)ricoru, n. One of the twelve signsof the zodiac, 
^^^■, 1^^^ + (?); the sun in Capricomus, 

Caprid, a. Eelating to that tribe of ruminant 
mammals, of which the genus cnpia is the 
type, ^^. 

Cajirification, n. A mode of ripening figs by sub- 
jecting them to the puncture of certain insects, 
or by the puncture of a needle dipped in oil, 

Caprifole, n. Honeysuckle, ^|Sf2- 

Caprifolium, n. JS-S- 

Capriform, a. Having the form of a goat, f^ftl^, 

Caprigenous, a. Produced by a goat, i^^fi^. 
Caprine, n. A substance found in butter, ^vilj^j. 
Capriole, n. Leaps that a horse makes in the same 

place without advancing, '^7jfe, lj(^^L- 
Capriped, a. Having feet like those of a goat, ^ 

mm, m%fi^, mm- 

Caproate, n. A salt formed Ijy the union of capric 
acid with a base, fLviIjg^li, ILvJllHif- 

t ^*.t££fF- 

X Medhurst. 

Caproie acid, m. An acid obtained from butter, ^ 

Capsheaf, ??. The top sheaf of a stack of grain, ^ 

Capsicum, ?;. Ciyenne pepper, ^%\}^, :^ji|J, ^^^•, 

chicken-beaked capsicum, %''%\U- 
Capsize, v.t. To upset or overturn, ^|0, ^|f, 

S^, fi-JS*; to capsize a boat, ^%m 

Capsized, pp. Overset, gif|,l, M.W>^\ 11><? ^'''S" 

sel capsized, tH^J^'fl- 
Capstan, Capstoru, ». gt, ^m^-, fjfffi^, 15 

f5'i $, ^ m ifi, i^ ^ $, }S fn $, 5^ m ; tiie 

great capstan, -X^^^,. 
Capsular, Capsularv, a. Hollow like a chest, ^^^, 

Capsule, Capsula, n. A seed-vessel, which opens 
by valves, 5^, '^ilp, :f^fp, fp, 'g, ^, 3^1*3^ ; 
the capsule of leguminous plants, yj,ijc, M.^ ! 
the capsule of a watcli. f^j^^ : the capsule of the 
crystaline lens, qj^Tf Off- l!|'|I*^- 

Captain, n. A head or chief offieer, ^pf , f^ p3, 
fit, OflA, r!0, mi|!i:g, ¥fil Q ; til" cap- 
tain of a ship, ^-^_, fyl\i, MM, m^, Iftt, 
¥i:g:, i^lSmC; ^^ military captain, ^1%. ^J^; 
the captain of thousands, ^|g, -"f-^S; the 
captain of hundreds, fj^, i(\i^, '^^■^; the 
captain of a department, ^/jj; (he captain of 
a campong or clan, fpff 0. ; tlie captain in the 
navy, y^fM^M, 7Kfi|l^f,^ 

Captain-general, n. % flifi, ± !(ff 5^. IS M ^Jl ^ : 
Captain-bashaw, Capudan-bashaw, i If ^J ^ 7]>C 


Captaincy, n. The post or rank of a captain, *^f^ 
^iik, Tj^ffilSi; t''*' jurisdiction of a captain 
or commander, as in South America, J^. 

Captaiury, n. The power or command over a cer- 
tain district, ^^. 

Captainship, n. The post of a cajitain, t^ j|jill^; 
the command of a clan, -^^, 'Pffi 0.- 

Caption, n. A certificate appended to a legal in- 
strument showing when, where, and by whose 
authority it was taken, found or executed, Pf^ 

Captious, a. Caviling, i/-^, n^m- ^MM, ^ 
mn, R P , 41- m ■ 1]^ ^ ;J^ iS, n-^-0 ; fault- 
finding, iiHmAm,umAm- umwi, mt 

P^ A ; insidious, ^S^IfKj; side remarks, cap- 
tious words, detraction, 1^^3'#>2:#- 

Captiously, adv. In a captious manner. 5g;W;. 

Captiousness, n. Disposition to find fault, iJ-|||A 


( 200 ) 


^, iH^M^; inclination to object, iJ^U, 


Cajitivatp, v.t. To take prisoner, as an ononiy in 
war, ^^, fT'ff , ^t.?;. ^ A ; to overiiowor and 
gain widi exrelleuey and boaiity. \^, ^kJ|, ^ 
flS- ^iM- Si}i%, ^.j6 ; to eno-ao"e the alTectious, 
mA>6- to bind in love, i:\m§.A/\^A:t^, 

Captivating, ppr. Taking prisoner, ^^ ; engag- 
ing the affectionF, f^ A nl® ; baving the power 
to engage the afleetions, '^i^ff.j, ]^f^W''U< 
$¥%• MM- -llS- ©flB •• she is very caiAhat- 

Captivation, «. Tlie act of taking one captive, ^ 
^^: the act of engaging one's aiJections, j^ 

m^i^m m n ^. m ma--^, my^A -a?, m- a 

Captive, n. A prisoner taken in war. ^t^ff, f$ 
H, f^, ^^il^^, fi^ ^ t?. ^, 1 M ; one who is 
charmed or su1:diied liy lieauty. fUf'MsflR^'- Wi' 

ji IS ^, fJ^ -1 i5l «. k IaJ nl "^^ ; ™e who is 

charmed or snbdiird by exellence, SJ^^fl^:^ ; 
one who is ensnared by love or flattery, pQj^ 
^- SiiS^fJ : one insnared by the possession 
of monev. ^W^- tR"^; to take captive, ^ 

Captive, a. ilade prisoner in war, ff^H''^ A- tit 
ia^,Ml^; kept in bondage, /^-^ ; kept in 
confinement, 0^. 

Captivity, ?!. The state of l.ieing a prisnnor, ■^pg 
iX: bondage, :^-&^, 'gfe-^. ^)t&;Vm,^ 
Ifff Jl^; servitmlp, flgA^-, fiRA±^: to 
be carried into captivity, M^^U^ ^Wi®^ 
j^; sold into captivity, W®^: to capture 
men and sell thorn into captivitv, t^AfSK^ 

Captor, V. One who takes, as a yirisoner, ^A,^ 

m-«-, itm -«, imM,m A^mM ; one who 

fakes, as a prize at sea, ^.W:^- 

Capture, v. The act of faking, as a captive, ^^ 
prize at sea, f^fgi"?: the act of seizing, as 
thieves, &(•„ ^^, ^g^^-. ^m^.MU'^- ^ 
3Ii:f;; the thing taken, JTrX^^IEf , ^Jf ffif^- 

Cajifurc. c. «. 'i'o take liv force, as prisoners in war, 

dfem, ^, WM, Jmi im. ifm-, to take by 
force iiiidei- the aiithnrilv of a commission, ^ 
tt, iSf±. lifi. ^^l|. ^??, ^ITil ; to capture a 
standard in fight, '^. 

Captured, /)^. or o. Taken, asa prize, !f^iS,^^i§. 

Capturing, jiiJv. Taking, as a prisoner of war, ^ 

^' ^fS ; seizing, as a prize, ^, ^^ ; captur- 
ing, as thieves, :^fi, ^^. 
Capuccis, ji. A capuchin, or hood, '^'i^. 
Capiiched, a. Covered with a iiood, ^'^'M- 
Capuchin, n. A garment for females, consisting 
of a cloak and hood. "JjW gf>g^5Jj ; a pig(?on whose 
head is covered with feathers, '^S& Si- 
Capuchin, 7). One of the monks of the order of St. 
Francis, who cover their heads with a capuchin 

or cowl, M^4m^^, M%^mVY0- 

Caput, «. A council of six persons, annually chosen 
in the University of Cambridge, by whom evrey 
grace must be examined and approved before it 
can be acted upon liv the senate, :;^^§^^ 

Caput mortuum, ?j. The inert residuum after the 
sublimation or distillation of any substance, jg, 

Car, )). A cart, '^. ; the great or emperor's car, 
:^% ; a sword ear, JJI^ ; a war chariot, |^^, 
TfS.'^. ; a rail-car, >X^^ ; ^ shilling C'!"", fii^ ; 
to get out of a car, "f ip. 

Carabine. Carbine, n. A short gun, ,'^lt'. ,^j|f , JS 

Carabineer, n. A man who carries a carabine, ^ 

Carac,Carrack, n. A large shipof burden, :;li^^Jt 

^; a Portuguese India man, s^H'J^llSS- 
Caracole, n. A winding staircase, j|f;|ntf'fl5- 
Caracole, r. i. To move in a caracole, ^| 

Caracoli, n. A mixture ot gold, silver and copper, 

Caragana camlagu, n. tC^^U.- 

Caramel, n. Burned sugar, disolved in water, and 

used for colouring spirits, j^W,^^ iKI^- 
Carambola, n Averrhoa, Hit;>^^^-V¥^>3L^ 


Carant, «. jlKgi. 

Carapace, ?i. Shell of a crab, ^. 

Carat, * n. The weight of four grains, used by 
goldsmiths and jewelers, 1l\ii^. 

Caravan, jj. A company of travelers associated for 
mutual security in traversing various desert 
parts of Asia and Africa. |fj ?f- fr , ff ?!■ ff . ^ ^ 

Caravansary, Oaravansera,?). A kindol inn in the 
East, where caravans and other travelers rest at 

_nigbt. -^^^^.m m-.mi 


( 201 ) 


Caraway, «. A plant of genus car um, jS^S'toM' 

PSHl- -^''c Carraway. 
Carbon, =■■ «. An elementary, fombustible sub- 

stanee,f^.^f7-,^.;|^; in 1000 parts ulair, there 

is one jiart of rarbon, ^^•^^|>«3^-^^. 
Cai-bouaceous, a. Pertaining to carljon, jj^fiff, ^ 

^P^; carbonaceous powders, "g"^;^'. f >Sce 

Car))ona(le, j?. Flesh, fowl, &c., cut across, seasoned 

and broiled on coals, ^j^\H. 
Carbonade, r. t. To roast on coals, ^j^ ; to cut or 

i>ncic,|ifi].^[S].Hi^. [iS. 

Carbonaded, jW- ^"^ '"^' bi''^ilii'8' oi" f^'y'iigi If^B 

Carbonate, v. In chemistry, a compound formed 

by the union of carbonic acid with a base, ^ 

g^Ej; carbonate of lime, ^^J^, i.^:^. 

Carljonati'd, a. Combined with carbonic acid, Q 

Carbonic, a. Pertaining to carbon, f^'(i^, Ifif^l'lt ; 

carbonic acid, 'g]l^, ^g^, ^S^- 
Carboniferous, a. Producing or containing carbon 

or coal, ^^fl^, Ui^l'^ ; carboniferous strata. 

Carbonization, n. The act or process of carboniz- 

Carlionize, v. t. To convert into carbon by combus- 
tion or the action of lire, J^|k- 
Carbonized, fp. Converted into carbon or charcoal. 

Carbonizing, ppr. Converting into carbon, j^^. 

Carboy, ji. A largeglobular bottle of green glass, 
proieclcl by ba'sket work, ^^m, W^i^^ fflSt 

Carbuncle, n. An anthrax, ^^tW ■ W^ M^K, 
^•IT^: a beautiful gem, r^ BJ J*. ?'< ^t I* ; 
wine carliunele, j@(5^; ; carbuncle on tlie nose. 

Carbnncled, a. Set with carbuncles, Mt^lJ/JJ^li^ ; 

spotted, |fifi5,M65- 
Carbuncular, a. lielonging to a carbuncle, ^Bj}J^ 

P^ ; belonging to a painful, gangrenous Ijoil, ^ 

•^Pgf ; inflamed, >/C^. 
Carburet, /!. A combination of carbon with some 

other substance, {f^'Jjj. 
Carcanet, n. A chain or collar of jewels, — glj'^ 

Carcass, n. The dead body of an animal, §^'^,^, 
,feFl^Sl"i-, WMiL^^ ; a decaying ship, m 

I liiidgmaii. 

M. =te^ ; you ! JE^Ii. ^5E^- 

Carcass, n. An iron case or hollow vessel about the 
side of a bomb, filled with combustible and 
other substances, m^C.M, M'X(^6Wi. 

Carcelage, n. Prison fees, ^Pi?^, ^^f . 

Carcel-lamp, n. A lamp in which the oil is raised 
through tubes by clock-work, &e., iy^M- M 


Carceral, a. Belonging to a prison, ^fi^, ^P^. 

Carcinoma, v. A cancer, '0. 

Carcinomatous, a. Cancerous, '^0^. 

Card, n. A piece oi pasteboard used for contain- 
ing a person's name, address, &c.; a visiting 

card, ^tA, mi n^ii, n^' ^'M, «fr ; a 

single card, ^ifi^ ; a five folded card, ^^^, -f- 
Pjl^; tlie card which an inferior officer pre- 
sents to a higher, ,^7jS, ^ipi' ; to send a card, 
%^^, ik^^- frtili, iSiM, ii^ii' ii'f'fi •' a hase- 
card, or a notice to let a house, ^^^ ; a card 
or note published Ijy some one in the papers, 
containing a brief statement, explanation, re- 
quest, &c., ^^,^^, ^Sli^fe; playing cards, |^ 
^im, mm-, m^i-m, it^f^; a pack of cards, - 
fnUm ; to play at cards, iJ^m^^W ; a card 
for wool, i^^tv^; a card-case, ^li-^, #i|i|^:a: ; 
a large case for Chinese visiting cards, '^^^.^^ 

Card, r. /. To play at cards, ^tIK)}^, fT^- 
Card, r. t. To comb, or open wool, ifcc, with a 

card, mi Bl By4^, iM'4^- 

Card-match, n. A match made by dipping pieces 

of card in melted sulphur, <X^. 
Card-table, 71. A gambling taljle, WW^t- 
Cardamom, n. A plant of tlie genus aiiio)iium, ^ 
ty.',c*E ; powder of cardamom, '^jj/i^lM, ^^, 
^•^ ; tincture of cardamom, ^siS^M ; ^''1 of 
cardamom, ^J-;^VlI], ©tvHj ; large, round, 
China cardamom, ^'icl^ ; ovoid China cardamom, 
^^■, hairy China cardamom, p^SfiJ;; bitter 
seeded cardamom, S^-?-. 
Carded, pp- or a. Combed, ^lji§. f'jfciS- 
Carder, n. One who cards wool, |jl]i^^^'. 
Cardiac. Cardiacal, a. Pertaining to the heart, j5 
6^, &U; the cardiac orifice, i^-^P.^P^.H 

Cardiac, n. A medicine which excites action in 
the stomach, and animates the spirits, ^^§|. 
Cardiaca, n. g#^:, g, j-^, %t^. 
Cardialga, Cardialgv, ;;. The heart burn, j^;)^, t^ 


Cardianthemum, n. "H*^^- 


( 202 ) 


Cardinal, a. ChiGf, principal, or fundamental, J:, 
MJ-, m- ^±,^m'^, *; the five car- 
dinal virtues, * 3x'r"ij '■ cardinal numbers, TfiSt' 
TliitP ; t''e four cardinal points, pHifi], ^ij ; 
cardinal bird, '^%^. 

Cardinal. ?). An ecclesiastical prince in the Ixoman 
Catholic Church, gifjcgilj, X^mn'Mn- 

Cardinal-flower, ?;. The lohdiacardinalis,1^^. 

Cardinalate, Cardinalsliip, n. The office of a car- 
dinal, "gifi|i|;5;lj|(;; the rank of a cardinal, g 

Cardin,i>-, j>pr. or a. Combing, as flax, wool, &c., 
;fgli;;ij ; the carding frame, ^%^%; a carding 
wife, ng^f. 

Carding-maeliine, n. A machine for comliing, 
breaking, and cleansing wool and cotton, {^Ijt^. 

Oardiospermum corindum, n. jJ^f^iB- 

Carditis, n. Inflammation of the tieshy part of the 
heart, )^»K. 

Cardium, n. Tf}?^. 

Cardoon, n. ^^. [^ (?). 

Carduus benedictus. n. Tlic herb blessed thistle, 

Care, «. Anxiety, it- S-lK- WM., ^>M., B^^, B 
^; caution, [f^l?^. fHPJJ; wati-hful regard and 
attention, {fllfi, flflij, RgiH- PJAS ; concern,^ 
>5, t )i:>, ^il>)i:>- Ji*^iti«. liit:, tJbC<,-t:2t; man- 
agement, :}XJ!11. $'l-3. Ke3 ; t" take care of a 
thing, ^M'MY'^'n- !!ul'-:£#3I? ; to take 
care of a child, MiP.jJn-/"- ; to take care for a 
thing, #E^?I !Pt ; to ti>ke care, ,^,i^., |0,j^,, 
%m^ 'M>1^- {'^*- ftf/-'i:^fi- ^'I-Jii> ; take care 
how you do i\\A\ A^hbkMlk- %>MA\ take care 
lest you spill it over, P^i [Jj- i'^?j : to have a care, 
^^'I'^ ; I am obliged for your kind care, f;i;||>5i 
ISfi^^lSl'l' ; endless cares, "^W^M- '■• cast your 
cares to the wind, #^^^!j3 ; thU of cares and 
business, ^^^fil; no cares on my mind, ^ 

Care, r. ?. To be anxious, ^f^'., ^^^. ©It:, ii. 
M^W.-Jo be cautious, j,;ftM, J]^>C., ^Z\ IHIS ; 

to be concerned 

Si:, ^Bi, 


care for, ^gitfi, fl^.SR- frlH : t" care for, not be 
indilferent to,' VntmMt- ^Jt Ht5M^, T> tT 
f;jc ; I do care for it, "^JcH/tfi'^iMlE ; I ^^ not 
care about it, PgiaT, ^Tf'K ^M^. ^^ 
€., Pg^^H-J, n?;^T-f'fifS^!c ; do not^ care for 
him, PESEf[7, ;r>a!fi!l. T^IS^fill; to care for the 
future, J^JiJ g ^, iM.M ; he cares for no body, 

' on one side for 
Ift ; to careen a 

i^ik&SiH > benc'volenco, justice, ju-npriety, wisdom 
ftiid lidelity. 

Care-crazed, a. Broken or disordered by care or 
solicitude, ^%\]i%$^. 

Care-tuned, a. j\iournful, ■^j|;|l^. 

Careen, r. /. To incline to one side, as a ship un- 
der sail, |ii|i], t)fif[, m\'i. 

Careen, v. t. To bring a ship to lie 
the purpose of repairing, ^^fBj)),.. . 

ship, ^^s- f^wff- nnm- '" 

Careened, j.2'.|^fflilil.^ n-iM- 

Career, n. A course, jg, J§ ; a rapid running. -^ 
ii&, 'K^ ; the career of a person, j^j^- M E^. 
A±,rjijfi, A^UM; a splendid career, ^4^ 
io5 ; an unfortunate career, li^k^-iM.JA- 

Career, v. i. To move or run rapidly, Jfl^, ^t^ 

Careful, n. Anxious, ^jt. S'-i", Mil^'^ cautious, 

>h.o- m>b- wisi. n- im- tat- ^'6- m 
n, mi^, im- i^n- mm- im- mm, ^m. 
m- M, m, 'Ik, w- ti, tip- ti^ w- ^^-^ ^'^ is 

very caretul, i\l%m]^U, iEi/^lH- f&^^S',!^ 
)}j; to be careful of our words, j.iifflifi^lJtiiTr-tli 
W, ^lliWflg, T-IS 5 ■ Z> ^B, tit ; to be caretul 
and circumspect, ^i,M- Ufl ; eareful and at- 
tentive, fi£J:, IBJ. Ii'iii: ; to be careful of one's 
time, 'fn £1^, ^l^^kln '■< to '"-' careful of one's 
respectability, WMf- 'InMl"- PJ in t^M : to 
be careful of one's capital, gi:$:, Ji[\±:^$M ; to 
be careful in doing tliin<i-s, Jlij^fj^-, |B!<6fiii' i'^l- 
>i:>fit, i??;#t, "^it^fflJ ; careful of one's self, 
'1^^; careful of setting fire to a thing, Jiif^ 
*Xfk ; careful examination. fU-^^ ; repeatedly 
bid hira to be careful, PTl'^'i'rliS- 

Carefully, adv. With care, JUj^., )Jn)5- Jfi'C''- 'M 
^ ; it is carefully done or executed, Mi^i^J^, 
W^^U ; providently, #t!l^ ftTl^; I'cmember 
it carefully, fS|[l,IBM, k'6f±; to inquire for 
carefully, tJj;^; most carefully guard against, 
@15S; to guard carefully, tl^. 

Carefulness. 7). Anxiety. If.-f:, j^^, ; liecdfulness, 

rm, m>b, mi, >ht>, » 

Careless, «,. Having no care, ^!* S It ■ H" #1« 1" ; 
negligent, m'\^-m^-m^-m7:£-tM- ; heed- 
loss, PJiih,^>, PK|[H,5, nf^iiYit. M']^;i:vPS-r±;^, 

P$l; incautious, PS^a, T-t'll- T^tfi- T>sl; 
forgetful, ig;!?; inconsiderate, kfS-^^Mk- 
thoughtless, |f;S#, .f2<5- $S.^f, : remiss, rude, 

r^w, ^a- ^- vo lifi. it^ J- HB. im. f-^, 

l"",'':'"'-- i.'^'i''- ; a careless si'rvant, ! ! I I^iffii; fili I'ti A ; 
a careless manner, ftlk-IMr.-llBnW^-MW^ 
"#^; a careless life, ^l)\!^ilA^'M' eareless of 
things, ^J^; "careless stowage invites thieves,"' 


( 203 ) 


'^MW'^ ; ^ careless scholar, :{->Mi.±' 1&^ 
i±-^^±± ■. ^vhy are you so careless ? f,^ 

-tJfS^'iii-^, '^-k^Ii'htij, m-k\>n^l'm ; to do 

filings iu a careless manner, |^§^. 
Carelessly, adv. In a careless manner or wa}', ^, 
1^/lL'Plfl5; *" do a tiling carelessly, ^pjJeLT 
g-;, l^:^7flf • 15Sjij« ; carelessly ofiend, i^jQ, 
miZ'WMW.AMMW4Z; to sit carelessly, 


Carelessness, n. Heedlessness, fSj^- f^'J^. >','•' >'i''^, 
,=S^; inatlendon, |I^-^,i:>,;r,,]^,i^,,pK#|rl■T> 

iLitS ; manner \vitliout care, |§[{|| ; Ibrgetl'iil- 

Carentane (qnanmlainc). n. A papal indulgence,* 
Caress, v.t. To (real \yitli fondness, as a parent a 

child. =)^it. mfv.: Mfi, m^- Aim- ^fi.&.'ii 

fe,^^- md ; to caress a child, mmwmf, 

Caress, n. An act of endearment, J^;^;g^, '|'^|^ 
:f,^'inj±.V; to load with caresses, 'W^Z^ 

Caressed, p^)- Embraced with aflection, 'l^-}'§,i^ ; 
treated with afiection, •l^'I'^iS: JiH^BM, ^'-7- 

Caressing, ppr. Treating with alTection, Ji40) 

Caressingly, adv. In a caressing manner, ^fg^ 


Caret, n. A mark {\) which shows that some- 
thing has been omit ted in the line, which should 
ho read at another place, i^^rtl'ilf^. 

Cargo, 1!. The ladinji- or freiffht of a ship, ^^, 

mm-mf},{mk;t%tmmM ; i^^wiui cargo, 

iE^H:,IE4iK; liglit cargo, iffg ; to send 
cargo to a ship, j'^;^ ; to go with the cargo, i^ 
;g; ; to discharge tiie cargo, jfli;^; ; discharge 
cargo, llj^, Al7]< ; fake in cargo, lilyK^fM ; 
damaged cargo, j^llf ; to tranship the cargo, 
Kti^JiJniSlii : '0 return with a full cargo (to 
liaye been lucky in an undertaking), jgS{i£]fij 

Cargo-boat, «. ig|i(-, WEj^, ic^liiiR, SjJftM^ 

Cargoose, n. A wafer-fowl, i^Mi- 
Cariboo, n. A quadruped of the stag kind, gl 
H : the new gold region in British Columbia, 

Carica, n. Papaw, ;^"^5i- ^i^JR- 

Caricature, v. A figure, in which beauties are con- 

* ra+is;^-* 

cealed and blemishes exaggerated, tf^.Bj^B, "S' 
If ft-MISft^^JI^'g'fa; a description, in 
which beauties are concealed and blemishes are 

^ exaggerated, p^-^^^, i^^^^i, =f if^, ^j^ili/,-. 

Caricature, v. t. To make or draw a caricature, ^ 

Caricaturing, ^'pr. Making ridiculous by gro- 
tesque resemblance, ^M.W}m, ^t\im. ^ 

Caricaturist, n. t|,!|^X. 

Caricous, a. Eesembling a fig, ^^Sji''-%!*"^-/l:^ 

CJaries, 71. An ulcer of a bone, %^, l^'g', ^%. 
Carillon, n. A little bell, Mf-f ; n siuiiile air in 

music, — K^, —"t n$. 
Carinate, Carinated, a. In botany, shaped like the 

keel of a ship, i}T-|§#, Ukmf- 
Cariole, n. A small ojien carriage, ^J^J}T. Mi^jjr. 
Cariosity, n. JMorfificafion, or ulceration of a bone. 

Carious, a. Ulcerated, as a ))one, fj^, ;I|| ; a carious 
tooth, Ji^,i^ 3^, lilt. 

Cark, 11. Care, ,@L]j; ; cark and care, ^|j;. 

Carle, n. A rude, brutal man, j^s^fKjA- 

Carline, Carling, n. A piece of timber iu a ship, 
ranging fore and aft, from one deck beam to 
another, |g^ ; carline knees, ^fi%^%. 

Carliue-thistle, n. J^L^. 

Carlish, a. Carlishness, n. See Churlishness. 

Carman, n. A man whose occupation is to driye a 

Carmiuatiye, «. Expelling wind from (he body, 
.llEfi^, ^&^ ; warming, ^f pjfi^ ; antispas- 
modic, ^mm- 

Carminatiye, n. A medicine which tends to expel 


Carmine, n. A lieautilul lake-red colour, used by 
painters, ^;^^a:.?fifl(?). 

Carnage, n. Slaughter, ^B^^.^.M^n^W.,^ 
^,JKlx,ic|5; the carnage lasted lor three 
d'lys, IL^^ H ; the carnage continued through 
(he whole night, T^mB.^M^ — T^; the 
carnage lasted until the city was filled with 
corpses, ^ARM- the carnage was so great 
as to float a pestle. ^'itW.W- 

Carnal, a. Pertaining to flesh, \^(]^. fJ]P§t: sens- 
ual, m^- WU^ Pff^.fKj- ^IfM^ ■■ deiu-ayed, 
^, M- if:- i'M- i-iiimal desires, [^'c*. f/,^. P§ 
B- fii*-:. fii*-:, Aglc. f^dk- a carnal mind, 
^tij, ^Ml ; carnal eyes, |^0^, ^J^ ; carnal 


( 204 ) 


thoughts, f|5#, ^g, ^g. ; carnal intercourse, 
^m, m'cfJm ; camnl mirth, ff^ij.* 
Carnal-minded, a. Worldly minded, Jfj^jfj.. ^iii:, 

Canial-miudedness, n. Grossness of mind, 5i5jC'<,^ 

Carnalism, n. The indulgence of carnal appetites, 

Carnalist, n. One given to the indulgence of sens- 
ual appetites, mim^, ^'^r^', f^2^, Hif^ 
mA, felt- 
Carnality, n. Fleshly lust, |^^, ^j;^.; love of 

sensual pleasures, ij-fe^, •'Sfe;^^- 
Carnalize, r.<. To make carnal, ^^^fi)}j, p{-^ 

Carnally, adv. In a carnal manner, I^^I. ^I^'f^.'- 
carnally minded, iWM{\^, ^■Vl^L'^ji, fi^ 

Carnation, ?!, Flesh colour, |^<^,-j^g^,;|,^,^.|g; 
a carnation or cinnabar colour, j^J-, |],|; carna- 
tion pigment, J^^; a kind of carnation, jp,, 
ft, 15 ; carnation flower, ||^. ±^^J^j, |^ 'pJ "^. 

Carnationed, a. ]\Iade like carnation colour, ^^ 

Carnelion, n. A red or flesh-coloured silicious 
stone, a variety of chalcedony, 3[f ^-. 

Carneous, a. Fleshy, [^P|f. 

Carney, n. A disease of horses, in which the 
mouth is so furred, that they cannot eat, ,t| p 

Carnify, v. i. To form flesh, J^j^, ^|^. [^. 

Carnival, n. A festival celebrated with merriment 
and revelry in Eoman Catholic countries dur- 
ing the week lieforo Lent, ^i^^", Sfl^ii, ^ 

Carnivora, n. pi. An order of animals which suli- 

sist on flesh, :&[^i^S, 
Carnivorous, a. Feeding on flesh. :^I^I'^. ^[^ 

g^; carnivorous animals, '^f/^M- 
Carnosity, n. A little fleshy exi-rescence, >hl^^. 
Carnous, Carnose, a. Fleshy, See Carneous. 
Carab, n. ^]^. 

Carocho, n. A carriage of pleasure, -^^,?|:$!. 
Carol, 11. A song, JJ^; a song of devotion, ^llf. 
Carol, r, i. To sing, Pg, f;^. '^^t 
Carol, v.t. To j.raise or celebrate in sonff, ^^, 

mm, mm^- ^ 

* Carnal, tbat wliicli has been accomplished by hnman 
sl%ill or ingenuity, IT. Cor. 1, 12 and 17 : that which is im- 
l.otrnt, II. Chr. 32, 8 ; II. Cor. 10, 1 : that which is corrupt 
and .subject to the infirmities ofnalurn, Honi. 7, 1-1 : canuil 
minilpd! Rom. 8, '>, G, 7 and 13; II. Cor. 10, 3; James 3, 
15 ; Jude 19. 

Caroling, n. A song of praise or devotion, ^ 

Caromel, n. A suirll exhaled liy burned sugar, 

Carotid arteries, 71, p/. MffiW- 

Carousal, «. A feast or ban(iiiet, jgig;, ^^, iS 

jfi-;, mm- 

Carouse, v.i. To drink hard, i^^, 55\{^. 

Carouse, n. A drinking match, :^cfi*C^, s^t^fJE ; 
a full draught of liquor, :^^—'i% ; to spend 
the night in a carouse, f:f^. 

Carouser, n. A drinker, ("gfLl/, iS:£ ; a bacchana- 
lian, mimt- 

Carousing, pj)]-. Drinking hard, fg^t, ^W\- 
Carp, V. i. To censure or tind fault wiiiiout reason, 

5?A, m^^- M: #111, mm- rsj, ^m- lo 

carp at, WMlMlh- 
Carp, 1?, A spe.-ies of ajpiinns, fj^, MM, ; ^ ^^^'V 
with dark red and large fins, -J^'"^M : a green- 
ish brown carp, |S .f J. ; a carp with reddish 
tins and whitish brown Ijody, ij^lj ; a red carp, 
^>M_, %l!:,ii', '1 white carp, ^^■, a carp, with 
black tail, Ijroad l)ody and head somewhat 
emarginate, Mfi^i]! ; a greenish and red tail carp, 
?§.SI, #iS;.il!; a c.irp with red tail, angular 
body, and notched spines, Ji}§|i; a reddish 
green carp, with red caudal and jiectoral tins, 
iK&. ; ^ c!^''P with dark brown tins, blunt body 
and serrated sj iue, i^}^>^||P; a carp of broad 
angular body, light green colour and very small 
mouth, ^^; a carp, yellowish red, ventral be- 
fore dorsal, and reddish banded tail, -^fipp; a 
speeies of carj), S^.^^.^; carp has leaped into 
the dragon's gales ( lileiarv advancement ), gf 


Carpal, a. Pertaining to the wrist, ^ij^; carpal 

bones, fi%%, ^'^. 
Carpathian, «, Pertaining to the Carpales, 1l]\% 

Carpel, Carpelluui, v. In liotany, a small seed 
vessel or pericarp, that is one of a group, jiro- 
duced by a single flower, ^^ff . 

Carpenter, n. An artificer who works in timber, 
^<-W- M^X' 'A<-i^- ^<-?M\ifl ■ " carpenter's line, 
m^ym- Wmm- m-^, t-^fl: -^ r^arpemer-s 
square, ^g, [{jj)vi; larpenter's eoinpasses, ?j>cE 
jg; carpenter's tools, y^i^^^: the god of 
carpenters, ^gS^, 

Carjientry, u. The art of cp.diiig, frauiing. and 
joining timber, in f heconsfruetiou nf liuildings, 
'^ilfii' ^*»IE;^X^ ; ll'c work of a earpeuter. 


Car]or, «. One who cnrps. jlf-A^', v^A^ 

Carpet, n. A covering for floors, iables, slairs, 
&c., .{fr, tg; a carpet for the floor, j|ig|, f§Jife 
thW^\ Ibrei^-n carpels, j^^f^ ; a line liairy 
("^'•p^'t, mW.^. ^ijlfflilcig; to be on llie carpet 

OAR ( 205 ) CAR 

iifniSfl^j; carriage, gait or deport mant, ^jh, § 
\\l,M^A^ rmlff; ■' digniticd carriage, as assumed 
1iy the gentry, ^fj, iJ'^S^±; a proud car- 
i-i'i^^i^, u7jff , MM ; graceful carriage, ^i^{. fg 
Ji*, ^m, ^§; liie graceful carriageof women, 
mjS.MM ; 'I good carriage, ggfi, ^fg, lfe;g 

(to Ic under consideration), ^^.]f^il^]i:b^\ to Carringe-liorse, v. A horse kept for drawing a 
spread a carpel on the ground, liiiKcf^lill, U\U ^ carriage, ^i^J^j. TfrJiX^^j. 

Carjet, v.t. To cover with a carpet, fJ?-fg|j8', ^ 
Carpet-strip, n. The piece under a door, gg(i^, f| 
Carpet-\vali<, }». A Malk on smooth turf, ji!;!^'^', 
Cariieled, pp. or «. Covered with a carpet, ^VX 

it mmm- 

Carpeting, n. Cloth for carpets, g-g, |^£, ffl.^. 
Carping, ppr. or a. Censorious, ^AH^^ H^ Afi-J ; 

caviling, |?^g$, 5SSf; caiitious, itT^P^. 
Carpmeals, n. A kind of coai'se cloth made in 

England, ^^^. 
Caqiolite, n. A pelrefaction of fruit, ^.;5^;Vj;15; 

ii potrcfaction of seed, ^^^tq^". 
Carpologist, n. One who describes fruits, \<^-^^ 


Carpology, n. A description of fruits, jJlJL'yiff . J^ 

Carpus, n. The wrist, fij;, ^,q$. 

Carral, 9?,. tSce Cai'at. 

Carraway, n. i]<^^. v'iilWj. ;^"®§, M^JjB.- oil 

of carraway, -g^ftli, Jzt'H'Mh- 
Carrel, Quarrel, «. A peculiar kind of an arrow 

used in the crossbow, ^Js?- 
Carriage, «. The act of carrying, ^H, fi|, i^i^, ^ 

^■- jif^: fi ceach, chariot or elegant veiiicle, 

-liiTi- jp-^. .B^jip, SI, -1'^, II, IS- Hfi, K, 

j^i^iifi; the emieror's carriage, ::k.^i<, 5. j^f?. 
i^jll:, iiPlI, ^fi ; a held carriage, f^;, 4-":^ : 
a basket carriage, jj^SljI. ||EIU; a carriage for 
sleeping in, IH]^, ijlv;, ilS: a small carnage, >]^ 
.^jfli, H ; '1 carriage drawn ljy men, ^; took 
his mother in a carriage, JtUlll^flJ: ; how un- 
usual was the Duke's carriage! |^^5VS§: =i 
carriage-box, ^^, ^tM'- '^ g'"i carriage, j;^ 
^, 'JIS$ ; 'T- railway carriage. ^SS^jfi : the price 
or expense of the carriage of goods, j^^i,^. |;^]||1, 
jSSill-ilJK'W ; 'lie expense of carriage of goods 
liy water, yj^"^ : the expense of carriage by land. 
im-^iLXmMM; carriage by water, ^fn^fi^, 

Carriage-house, ?(. }^ip^^, ^^^i. 

Carriage-maker, v. fHA, i|iX, JjilE- 

Carrick-bend, «. A particular kind of knot, ^jj^'. 

Carried, jip. Borne on the shoulder, |iJ i^. ^ j5, 
^i^ ; carried on the back, )}f ■§, g-§, ^j^, 
•y^;§ ; carried on the head, |^i§ , IBj^ ; carried 
in tlic hand, J,^j'§, vfrj'§, ^j^ ; carried under 
the arm, 4|c-^, tj)if^M§ ; conveyed, j^i-a. I^j^, 

Cariier, v. One who carries, ^ ^i^. ^fl X, ^6 I, 

^X; a letter-carrier, ^(gP^A, ^1- 

Carrier-pigeon, v. A pigeon that C(>n\('ys letters 
from place to place, ^ft'p!|. 

Carrion, 7). The dead and jiulrefying l.iody or flesh 
of animals, ^f|, -f^j^], J^l^, l&^4 ;a worth- 
less woman, ^^| ; carrion-crow, fE?j|- 

Carrion, a. Relating to dead and putrefying car- 
casses, HP^, Hfl^J, #4 1^3 fj^- 

Carronade, v. A short piece of ordnance, $c?H'i^. 

Carroou, n. In London, a rent received for the 
privilege of driving a cart, ^li^fjtg. 

Carrot, «. An esculent root of a yellow colour, of 
the genus daucus, H^ ||f |5 ; red carrot, $£ jgg 

Carroty, a. Like a carrot in colour, -fHlfl^jjj^gi ; 

carroty hair, ^I^. 
Carrows, Strolling gamesters, jSJi^ff. 
Carry, v. t. To bear or convey, as on the shoulder, 

m, ^, #^, ^^, tt, Ii, M, ^?, fi'f, Ji- «, #, 

#•#-■ ^t:; io carry on the back, ^. f^, ^g, 
B-;/v, ft, M- W; lo' carry on the head. ^, ]^, 
^ ; to carry under tiie arm, f^, t^i^ ; lo carry 
in the hand, ^?.t^,}f , mM,^,mM, M ; to 
carry secretly lor the I'urpose of smuggling, 
3^, 3^^f ; to carry in the bosom, iji ^. mYH.'- 
to carry in the arms, as a child, ^, fjj ^. i^ 
^; to carry on the back, as a baby, j|f^; lo 
carry on the back, as animals, ]fj<, By; ^ ; to 
carry between two, j^, fl, fl H; ; to carry on 
I he end of a slick or pole, ft ; to carry with a 
beam, jU ft; to cou\ey, as a sound is carried 


( 206 ) 


in Ihc air, "^^ 'M, t| ; to effect, j^, ]f<, M, ik 
Ki tl 15; *o 8'^'"' ^^ ^"^ object, f#, J^ ; to 
carry a poiut, SR, )li ; to iace tlirougli, gjj fr ; 
to urge, impel, etc., ^, \%\^ ; to bear, as a flag, 
^; to imply or, ;f£., ^.\%, ^M%^ 
W.Wi'^ to eonlain, Hil^^l ; to extend or coulinue 
in time, jg, |i, ^, M ; to extend in space, ^j, 
Ji, #; to support or sustain, ^, -^l", ^I'li/j, ^c 
]|/;, ^ tf ; *o bear or produce, as trees, ^; to 
manage or transact, fj^; to carry one's self, to 
behave, fr ^i ^-i ® ; to remove, lead or drive, 
if ^\ to cause to go, -^ -i ; to transport, to 
atfcct with extraordinary impressions on the 
mind, $^ fd, t^ %, % ; to fetch and bring, j$ 
jj«, ^ ^$; to obtain possession of by force, J^ 

m^ m, Mh ^M IS. -fiJf Ji ; C'ln-y this box, ^m:^ 

^^- ; lo entrap and carry off girls, ^)5^ A P ; 
to carry goods to the fair, ^ll^m^hltW^ ; 
lo carry one to jail, ^f ■;i^, itl'^^U ; to carry 
a horse into a stable, ^BiKJ!^^- '^VAW:%A 
^m^'^^-MU; to carry one's self, ^W\,%\ 
f^, \^'^\ he carries himself well, ^^^jUi ; 
this wall must be carried thus far, jlhiliUJIwiill 
USfiJ (/i ; to carry a jest loo far, i!i=-ic^> 1% 
M-k'&^^ nTi icit; lie never carries money 
about him, '/^ 11^ ^ Hi if; 1 1'^' ' %^A% ^< ; <o 
carry a price, fg i^'j, 11 ^i ; to carry the prize, 
^}^ ; to carry a mind worthy of praise % H^, 
W^W-WiM\ '0 carry a burden, ^Ji H ; to carry 
one to the grave, t^ |'a ^ ^, 5I -fg ^;- 1^ ; to 
carry to and fro, iU jg, ^^ ^;^^- ^ ; to carry 
the case, ^TSM'B" ^J> S bS ; '0 carry a town, 
JJcSiilMl. fet^Mil, *iMi ; <o ^-ai'i-y fruits, 
^U ^ Vj'i; to carry one's liead high, ^#, Jfj 
"S"! il'j BJl' J^i "jl\ ; '0 carry it fair with one, ^ 
|,'|il1#A,b-ili|f#A; to carry it cunningly, =1 
l^.'UB^ mMlk^\ to carry out a purpose, ^ 
f^Si:^; to cany the sails stiffly, 2<jj ijS ; to 
carry aside, ^[jfj ; to carry away,V¥^, tt-^, 
^ii, »*, m-i:, tfS*, ^E*; '0 carry forth, 
illil, ^W ; to carry in, JH A?J, ^A^J ; to 
carry one's thoughts into futurity, H.^^f, M. 
511*^.^; to carry off, as goods, il^% ; to carry 
off', as water, vjjc -^ ; lo carry off, as a disease, 
lE^i Hi^! ^) ^^ ; to carry off, as a prisoner, 
^.^ ; to carry oil' against one's will, ^i ; to 
carry off, as robliers, Yl^'^•f>^ M '■ to carry off, 
to take lo a dislnnce, ^■^. ijt^. ii'^lM: to 
carry on trade, iii{^'M • to carry on an under- 
taking, 1 :II: f.\ , rk it tl a!i' : "to carry on a 
siege, ^i)^, |il M ; to carry on in succession, 

^, MtE ; to carry out an idea, ^{1',,^^ ; to 
carry out, to bear from within, j^[J], ^^Uj ; to 
carry out, to sustain to the end, ^fjijis, ^'PJ 
^ ; to carry a thing through, jj^^, jj^:^ ; to 
carry a good humour through, ^ ^M ^ '' to 
carry to the utmost, ^, fj, ^, ^ ^, i^, jl, 
tf . f& ; to carry a chair, ^^^, ft;:^ ; to carry 
a basket, }j^^, ^Iff ^ ; to carry taks, Jf^, ^ 
fp ; lo carry passengers by ship, j^^ ; to carry 
passengers ))y coach, jg^ ; to carrry an unbrel- 
la, ^Hil ; lo carry a child pick-a-peck, flff-f ; 
to carry a child on the arm, %if. 

Carry, v. i. To propel, ^7 fij, ft-^g^, Ji fij : to 
bear the head in a particular manner, as a 
horse, yfiffe. 

Carry-tale', „. A tak'-bearer, Jf #^, ^U%K- 

Carrying, p^^r. tl,^^,^, %.,M\ carrying-pole, 
^k\-\ apt to break in carrying, it^H ; car- 
rying beam, jHfjfi. 

Carse, n. Low, fertile land, adjacent lo a river, 

Cart, n. A carriage with two wheels, _^f^^$, 
-^'MJilii T^Ijii EH$ ; ^ ffi't drawn l)y oxen, 
'^^jjl ; a cart for carrying fuel, ^;^,^J5; a 
prisoner's cart, or cart for transporting felons, 
^iji ; a child's carl, ^;p; a carriage in gener- 

Cart, V. t. To expose in a cart, by way of punish- 
ment, liigjfij. 
Cart-horse, u. A horse that draws a cart, jpl^, 

Cart-jade, n. A sorry horse, tli,^,MSS- 

Cart-load, n. A load borne on a cart, —^^, jjJ 
Ij'l^llt^ ; carl-load of fuel, -Mm, -fliSr- 

Cart -rope, h. :$|||. 

Carl-rut, ». The (rack of a cart-wheel, ||i,:$||(. 

Cart-tire, n. The tire, or iron bands used lo bind 
the wheels of a carl, 'Q.limf.^- 

Cart-way, n. A cart or a carriage-read, ijl J§. 

Cart-wheel, n. The wheel of a cart, ^.^■ 
j Carl- whip, n. A large whip used in driving ani- 
I mals in carls, |ig. 

Cart-wright, 7;. An artificer who makes carls, M 

\ A,m.- 

Cartage, n. The act of carrying in a cart, J[y$^^ 
5i. f'^i'iiiliiM ; the price paid for carting. MM' 


Carte-lilauclie, v. A blank paper signed at the 

bottom with a person's name, given loanolher 

person to superscribe what conditions he pleases, 

I hence unlimited power lo decide, :^^il 




Cartel, «. An asiwmont for the exchange of pris- 
oners. ^#, M#W#- ; a cartel ship, ^f^H 

Carter, n. ,^A- 

Carthaginian, n. An inhabitant or native of Car- 
tilage, Ig^Jc^A- 
Cartliaginian, a. Pertaining to ancient Carthage, 

Carthamiiie, n. A red colouring matter o))tainecl 
from the flowers of the safflower, AJ.iS'fS^I- 

Carthannis, n. A generic name of bastard satl'ron, 
from whose flowers is produced the rich red dye, 

Carthusian, n. One of an order of monks, so called 
from Chartreuse, 1l\iMi]liB'M^- 

Carthusian, n. Periaining to the order of Carthu- 
sians, B^flljIilKj- 

Cartilage, «. A smooth, solid, elastic substance 
softer than lione, ^(v^, ©;'§'gM: ensiforra car- 
tilage, fl^jTIi/ti'i-- *Ij1^ ; ^^-ostal cartilages, # 
^l."^ ; cartilage of the nose, ^|j^ ; tarsal car- 
tilages, m'Mi'^- 

Cartilagenous, n. Pertaining to a cartilage, 3^>g- 

Carting, jypr. Conveying in a cart, fi^/J^i^jg. 
Cartograjihor, n. A pei'son who prepares charts, 

Cartographical, a. Pertaining to cartography, |^ 


Cartographically, adv. In a cartographical mau- 

nor, Iia^ilt^. 
Cartography, ji. The art of preparing charts, |^ 

Cartoon, n. A design drawn for tapestry, mosaics, 

Cartouche, n. A case of wood, girt with marlin, 
holding about 400 musket balls and six or eight 
iron balls of a poimd weight, to be fired out of 
a howitzer, 'iH^lp^'r^, — SJf-? ; a portable 
box for charges, Ita^S, 'X^H^^- 

Cartridge, n. A case of paper, &c., holding the 
exact charge for a fire-arm or musket, cannon, 

Cartridge-box, n. A case usually of wood, covered 
with leather, with cells for arrtridges, IH^^, 

Cartridge-paper, n. Thick stout paper, of which 

cartridges are made, XD|ti-?^J^- 
Cartulary, n. A register book or record, as of a 

monastery, |f . 

Carucate, n. As much land, as one team can plow 
in the year, — f^jg]. 

Carum, n. Carraway, JJ^■jIif#. 

Caruncle, n. A small tleshy excrescence, either 
natural or morltid, [^"^5; wattles of fowls, f 
'M^%iL\ caruncula lachri/nutlis, IIJIdMi^- 

Caruncular, a. In the form of a caluncle. fj^^PISE, 

Carve, r. *. To cut into small pieces or slices, as 
meat at table, UJ. -tjllf], fij^f] ; to cut wood, 
stone, &c. into a particular form, )|f. 13^.1$. 11 

m, iij, mm. n- fUM, itu m- mm- tm- m 

it, fl- ^-i?, %^ H': to carve flowers, W^^- M 
if^, ^;J£ ; to engrave on metal, i^,f^; to carve 
ingeniously, |^r|s; to carve blocks for books, 
^\W., f ISl] ; to carve flowers in stone, ||:J{; ; to 
plan, at^t. 

Carve, r. i. To cut up meat, -tD^Sl^ ; to exercise 
the trade of a sculptor, fj^.^i]i. ^^[E ; to cut 
figures, ^-^ ; to engrave figures, gij^- ^VL • 
to carve or cut, as letters, Jl^^, M^.V\^W 

Carved, jU^- «" «■ Cut or dividid. -tHIPJii, fJ 
FjBjS; eno-raved, |lji§, jlH^,"^ : carved lotus, 

mm ; carved work, mx, ^ M %K- M m ± 

Carver, n. Carver of wood, JfX, iLtE, IJI^ftK, 
iflB^^E ; one who cuts meat at table, ^^ 
^■- -tJJi^ r^^ : a large table knife for carving, 

Carving, ppr. Cutting, as meat, -tDPfl-fJp ; ^'t- 
ting in wood, stone, &c., ^|ij; engraving, |^, 
)3Pt ; a carving knife, <5>II, iz'^J] ; carving 
tool, mf^^^M:, ^D, M73 ; carving figures, 
)|t:f|> ; carving and polishing, l^^; carving 
from the people and offering to the prince is 
like a man's cuttini^- off' his own flesh to fill his 

belly, m^n ^ s mu n n ^m- 

Carvist, n. A hawk of projier age and training to 
be carried on the .hand, ^^P^-ftfi. 

Caryates, Caryatides, 7!. pi. In architecture, tig- 
iires of women dressed in long robes, after the 
Asiatic manner, serving to support entabla- 
tures, ■^\%. 

Caryatic, a. Pertaining to the Caryans or Cary- 
atides, ±\%Ul. 

Caryophyllaceous, a . T § fl'j ,Tf|Pg?.7KIP5^6t|l ?)• 

Caryopsis, n. In liolany, a ]tericarp wliich is one- 
called, one-seeded, superior, indehiscent, dry, 
with the integuments of the seed cohering in- 
separably with the endocarp, as wheat and 


( 208 ) 


barley, ^tM- 
Casa Branca (wiiitc hout^o), «. A Maudariu slalion 

near Macao, |fjllj^-. 
Casarca, n. A species of wild g-oosp, ^^. 
Cascabel, 71. Tlio laiol.i oi' a cannon, behind fiie 

In-each. 'jQlplft. 
Cascado, n. A waterfall, t^. j^;?!), f^pJC, ll^tT 

Cascalho, ?i. In Brazil, a deposit of jieljliles, gravel, 
and sand, in which the diamond is usually 
found, ^M^f'P- 

Cascarilla, n. A powerful Ionic, M±1l\i^m, ^ 

Case, n. A covering', '^, '^, jjj, pfl, [U, :@, ^, 
^ ; a book-case, fl-'^, fj-nf, fl^^f ; a hat-case, 
11:^ ; a watch-case ||^ ; a card-case, ^-iji^ 
Fii, f¥iffi:s: ; a case for' a fan, SI jiff, Hg ; case 
for Chinese types, 3"']^^^ ; type-case, !y*-5|; 
case-knife, ^f^7] : -i pistol-ease, iISS- llfSS : 
a pillow-case, ^D|l£5 ! ^ '^^^'^ ^'^'" '^ '"'^^'' ^Sj; 
^iK> ^^ ; !i case or cover f(ir books, ^^1^, «: ! 
g; a dressing-ease, f^-;g'.|^iyf.g : a toilette- j 
ease, |gg ; a case for chopsticks, ^^fsf. -|f 
"jlf ; a case of surgical instruments. ^{^f^^tiS.: 
a pocket case. ^J^jJiQ ; a case of eye instru- 
ments, nj'^4^l!li : ^ '■■IS'" for tooth picks, ^^ 
fly ; a case for a knife, J]^, J}^, |t ; an outer 
case for a coffin, f|I5 ; a case for ink, ^^ ; a 
ease of common glass, — '|^^^^)r. 

Case, V. t. To cover with a ease, fJ?/. Ji* A f± , f!?:^ 
^f± ; to put in a case or box, titil'iS' tifi A^, 

Ai^Si jiffiS^. A?lt, Aj-s^^t. 

Case, 7i. A case in law, ^, ^f}=; the circum- 
stances of a case, ^ t|1f , ^ fij ; a case in court, 
-^#ft ; -I" old ci^se. ^^ : to try a case, ^^ ; 
to decide a case, 3!^- f'j^- m^\ '"^ revise a 
ease, m^, tihW, -WtS; <« i"^-'!'- -i ^-isp- ^M ; 
a ease of murder, ii^^; pa[)ers relating to a 
case, ^%-; in case of plaint, \^]^^^i; put 
the case to ))e so, gj-^lf, fg^^, ^uf^. ; a strange 

- ease, [ij j^P^-lf, ^- 1?. ^= ^ : a ease of con- 
science, £^#,6±:^, riit^PKIi^, l^ilJc^P^I?; 
the state or condition of ati'airs, 5t:?:. JT^f^^- 'fw 
;^, -fgj^; a bad case, ;pi/£:^,P5i/-1fd^; to 
act according to the circumstances of the case, 
^7^:^^ ; the ease being thus, ^jiilljlt, ^r# 
?rir<t;rrT ; so tlie case stands, ^.■\f,im^i¥&-V 
^fl^mim ; do it in no case, mZ^^i, M'^ Z- 

pj , -a T> Pi ; 1" ai-giio 1 1"^ <•"«'% ?^.i.'.5Ji?|PB2: fcf !a 

■f^^^; a particular instance of disisase, -l^^j'f^ 
■^ ; a case of fever, ^,"J£, ; (0 be in good case, fl£ 

:^ JEJli ; ^ dangerous case, J;:)^', J;^ ; a hard 
case, |:!t|h; in the case of swearing, ^tf^ff 
S, ftxt^M^J ; in the ease of religion, fgj/iJt 
M^ 'S.H'tiX; were I in your case, i^^i^iif!:.,U 
^^M ; 'be intlectiou of nouns, ^, f^ ; a box 
in which merchandise is packed, ^; several 
cases of merchandise, ^^^; having first 
quoted several cases, jg^^I^JI^; an urgent 
ease, §?^; a serious case, i/RJJfjf;!'^^. 
Case-harden, r. t. To harden the outer jiart or 
superficies, as of iron, by suddenly immersing 
it, when red hot, into ice or snow. 0^, 0JH, 

Case-hardened, p/). or a. §i'M^, iSi^^K- 
Case-knife, n. A large table-knife, 3)-J},^^7]. 
Case-shot, «. ]\Iusket lialls, old iron, stones, itc, 
put iu cases to be discharged from cannon, ^ 


Cased. 2U^- Covered with a case, ^iS,^^, J3?S 
Casein, )?. The curd orcoagulable portion of milk, 

Casenian, ?). A compositor. ^^^. 

Caremate, 71. A vault of mason's work in the ilank 
of a bastion, ^'M^ ; a well with its subterra- 
neous branches, dug in the passage of the bus- 
tion, i^lH^f. 

Casement, n. A portion of a window-sash m.ade to 
open or turn on hinges, ;^,||.. 

Caseous, n. Pertaining to cheese, t?ff 6^7 f^lf''^- 
like cheese, i':$^i®^; the caseous principle,^ 

Casern, ■». Barracks, Hj^. 

Cash, V. Monev, ^, |R, iggg}, Mf^ • ready inoney, 
JJIIR- m^'- a copper cash, —^M: -^1^^4 
—^"X^M '• the value of one copper cash, — -Jg,— 
^ ; to scatter, at funerals, cash or slips of pa- 
per with six holes in each as a compensation 
for the capricious little devil, the guide of the 
soul to hades, tiiWiWM- M^S^; the large 
cash of Kanghf, ±^M : bad cash, m^, mfl. 
f^; good cash, :;(;^^f^. >$^: a string of cash, 

-ms^ —-im, —ifim, —fm, -nm-, to 

excluiuge into cash, J[^$^\ destitute of cash, ^ 
§^, M^WX ; not a single cash, —^$^MM, 
—3)C 815 rr ; to run out of cash, i^m^^ fuPi^ 
W:, WHfii^7t.\ to win cash or make money, (Ifft. 
jt^ ; as thick as a cash board, iJlgl'tl'/^- ; 'i "'iut, 
for coining cash, J^^. 
Cash, v.t. To cash a bill, iiifliSi ; to cash an 
account, l|i|(i^,Jli;^. 


( 209 ) 


Cash-account, n. An account of money received, 
paid or on l;ai;d. ,^p. 

cnsii-iooi.-. >K m^>-mw-miif^>^i]k'3c^u^%. 

Cash-! ec'iAT, n. Uiie culrnslcd with llic l.ccping 
of money, ^,SJ|, 

i ^- ; I he Court of Cassat ion ,M^>,KM^>- 
Cassava, n. A nutritious substance lik(^ starcli, 
obtained IVom llic cassada plant, BJSi'i JiD'M 

j Cassa-\vare, n. See Cassowary. 

Caslied, jjp. Casiied, as a bill, l[ii§®i ; caslied, as ; Casse-paper, n. Broi;en pajicr, the two outside 

quires of a ream, $|)^,t;K;V ^ji^J. 
Cassia tree, n. Lavrus cnstiia, ^IJj, 3i|ti ffi' 
Hix^ift; cassia lij/nea, liarlc of the cinna- 
moinnm cassia, :^i)JC, ^^iifc ; cassia buds, if^ 
^' ; finer cassia, l^ij't^i; cassia twigs, 4iii; 
cassia oil, ;jf|jj£illl ; native cassia, i^lJJt ; ^ sort 
of cassia, [^"it ; to pick the cassia twig, to be- 
come a master of art or kiijin, ^^f\^k- 
Cassia fistula, n. Name for the long cylindrical 

pods of the senna tree, ^'^.^f/i W^'f^- 
Cassidony, n. Cotton-weed, jji^- 
Cassimere, n. Kerseymere, ^Jx']/;^. 
Cassino, n. A game at cards, — fl.iftlf^'f'.^- 
Cassiopeia, 11. A constellation in the northern 
hemisphere, a ?K^, ^:%$k- Ffm, US it, ^ 

the East Indies, 

an a-'-counf, l(iig|g. 
Cashew, «. A tree of the AVest Indies, {h^^anacay- 

dium, ^s Yjij. 
Cashew-nut, n. A nut at oncextreuiily of tlie fruit 

of the cashew-tioe, containing a black liijuor, 

used in marking linen, itc, ^fii^fc, i^^. 
Cashgar, 7(. If ffPA^- 
Cashier, v. One wlio has chargr of money, ^^, 

JHF5], i!tfiiJ.^-^A. 

Cashier, c. f. 'I'o dismiss from an office or place of 
trust. ]!(t. [JHl^ti Sfi; *o disuiiss from (itTicc, 3^ 
SS^- BM.; <o cashier a soldier, 3^'|§, l^i^^i^. 

Ca.shiered.ij|.. ailiili^-, J^J^;-^. 

Cashierer. n. One who rejects, discards, itc, Sj}|g^ 

Cashiering, pjir. Dismissing from ofhce, 3^$i!(,^ 
Cashing, pjtr. Exchanging for money, as cashing 

Cashmere, v. Name of a country 

rich and costly kind of shaw 


Cashoo, ?(. The guui ot a tree in 

Casing, ». A covering, a case, 1^,'fc,'^: the 
operation of plastering a liouse with mortar on 

. the outside, ^tWJIS- 

Casino, 71. A club-house, '.g^J^JjJf- 

Cask, If. A close vessel containing liquor, jflj, >|< 

ffi- ^tetl^ ; « wine cask, jgfif] ; a water cask, 

7jC^tfj ; a large cask, ;?cff!- 
Casket, n. A small chest or Ijox for jewels or 

other small articles, "tlfl^, -^Uii^, ^^^f, 

^Bi, EI. g,^-iB,ai. 

Casket, r. t. To put in a little chest, tlSi^'^ff , 

Caspian, a. An epithet given to a large lake le- 
tween IVrsia and Astrachan, called the Caspian 

Sea, M±i%m- m^- 

Casque, Cask, ». A heluiet, DR*, ^^, ^, -tlil- 
Casque-shaped, a. Shaped like a casque, ■^ifygR 

Cassada, Cassadti, n. A tropical plant, ihvjatroi/ha 

or ja ]i iphn m a n ili ot , IIW \^ij ■ 
Cassale, v. t. To annul, |gf^. 
Cassation, n. The act of annulling, 

A A 

Cassius, 2^urple of, n. A beautiful purple colour 
obtained froui the chlorid of gold by means of 

lin, J:"^^#,(7/llK.t^±IKe,>- 
Cassock, n. A cloak or guwn worn over the other 

garments, J^j, ^i^'. 
Cassocked, a. Clothed with a ca.ssock. ^J^j, ^^ 

Cassowarv, Cassiowarv, n. A large Ijird mucli re- 
sembling the ostricii, :^i^|g, Jil-gt.^, %^^U- 

Cassumunar, n. An aromatic root of the ginger 

Cass-weed, ?i. Shepherd's pouch, ^ (?). 

Cast, r.t. ; pret. and pp. cast. To throw, %. fgf, 
^, K;, ffl ; <o sow, ^^ ; to cast, as a net, ^^, % ; 
to cast, as a [yea dees its fruit, J'^ ; to cast, as a 
dice, %; to throw on the ground, as in wrestl- 
ing, :}^; to be cast, as a horse, ^3^; to throw 
away, as worthless, jgfji, ^Itl, 3;-^, M\ <" 
emit, lU, If ; to extend, as a trench, ^§3, % 
llfj ; to put, or set in a particular stale, g(,^> 
g[^. ^^1; to condemn, "^^ : to overcome in 
any contest of strength or skill, '^, m.^ \%.^ \ 
to cashier or discard, J^KIt- ,1^^ ; to lay aside, 
as unfit for use, ^jtjg ; to thnnv into one scale, 
as a vote, fg^, ^^^ ; to compute, reckon, or 
calculate. f I if. j^l^ ; to contrive, to plan, ^y 
%; to throw, as the sight, ^Jill,igIlK; to 
throw, as the light, {Ij, ||; to found, ^; to 
cast a net, |ii||j^ ; to cast imputations on an- 




oilier, is?) MllBMA ; to cast one's eye on any- 

i^i?.T. If s^, mm, mm- r^ms to cast iron, 

f^jt^; <o cast copper easli, f^ J^ ; to cast seed, 
^Kfx. JilJ^^; to cast anchor, ffllj'f; to cast a 
model, i^j^^ ; to cast one's f-olf at one's feet, ^f 
i^, Uiikl'il ; ioeast one, ifi%, f^,-ilSJ(; to cast 
thy eyes e:isl ward, |fi]:^g?, |ti]:^:llli[i; to cast 
a look beliiiid, [ulfjii, [Sip/, to cast the blame 
on liim, Ij": fill . § ftiL : to cast a Hock in one's 
way, IHi"A,te1iA; to cast a mist lotore 
one's eyes, ^(gAnji, |j/e A : a cast desip-n. fSg. 
Miv-i'k; '0 cast ott the clothes, /Jg^tj^S-l^dK 
^; to cast the horns, %^-S^; to cast the skin, 
li5c ; to cast the feathers, jg^, |^-^, fj^ ; 
to cast one's teeth, }^l'^, ^if ; to cist lustre, 
m%, Ilj^. m^c; to cast heat, |f^, |SJA; 
to cast an ill smell, ^i^^; to cist an account, 
BFJIIR- m^ ; to cast one's nativity, J^Ijff . IJi /^ 
tf. ■ to cnst about. 1:1: ^ni^, 1?|15-, ai^ti;-; 
to cast aside, 3^41, ^Ji—jf. ^Ifr(!15it:illliir, 
iftii; to cast aside, to dismiss as useless, |^|g, 
m^liymi^- imtdM; to cast one aside, ps 
Jtlfdl- dSJUfg; to c:ist away, to reject, ^S ^ 
gg: 3^*; to throw away, ^^, ,^ii,ti!il, 
ixlig. ^, ^. ^H*) f^'; to cast away one's 
money, ^ £g, -^ ^ 'ft if, M K ?i S? : to cast 
one's self away, g ^4 1^ 1^ : to le cast away by 
shipwreck, ^^■, to cist back, to throw back, 
Sfil, ftf Mflyfl, WM ; to cast back, as a ship, 
ll^Sg. PirlSI ; cast wiih age, m^, MM, "^^I ; 
to cast l.iy. to discard as useless, ^il : to cast 
down, tfT, |!(I;T, C^T, ST,m', WM,n 
^J ; to be cast down in jnind, ^'fc-j, jgjiJ. ; to 
east down one's eyes, |Ef£|ElIii, MS ^ RK' BJt- 
Bt, |!flS ■' to cast'forth, to eject, \fa^\±; to euii't 
a Hame, H{'^^: to emit light, ^^'Jf, to cast 
fiuih bcnms, ^5 jt, ■Qj'^ ; 'o cast in (into), ^ 
f^, li ;^, iSf i^-?. M A, S A, f-iS ; to castinto 
the water. M'l^^yK- Mt^^K ; to cast into a sleep, 
^®|; to cast in one's mind, fj^.; to east off, 

«f tifi, ^gf] . mm, mm, i^M -, to cast oifcioth- 

ing, S fil Wt! f.^- 5 * S '^ 'jS: to cast oil' a 
ship, -fji^. nm- <oc.ast otr restraint, i^gj^, ^g 
fT*S-&M liif* ; to cast off a burden, HtU, -ftf^ 
tUlf ; to cast off, let loose hunting dogs, ^^ 
KtJ; to cast the feathers, Jg^, ^g.^, ^^ ; to 
cast the skin, as a snake, IJj^^^ii, )gff^ ; birds cast 
their feathers and beasts their hair. )^^^i^^; 
to cast off a servant, If-^^fx: to cast out, jg 
{li. /ISm ; to cast out devils, jl^, jli j£ ; to cast 

up a bank, &^^, jl:^|5/2 ; to cast up earth, M±, 
it'i'i)t- JnS ; to cast uj) one's eyes, J^g ; to cast 
up, to vomit, 'i\%, tl^ni; to cnst up, to compute, 
t\&:- UcU- i^<M- WM; to cast one's self upon 
a Iricwl. \yi%1i'>m}/^: to cast the blame on 
otiiers, Pflli, .tlP.|;|jJ ; to cast young, to rais- 
'"^I'l'y, fjfc^, ii'M- to cast in the teeth, to up- 
braid, ff A, ^|A : to cast a giin.|S^; to cast 
slieep's eyes, #nji^.tlll>. fifcffi). [1; cast your 
cares to the wind, ^^Iti^Bf] ; cast thy burden 
upon the Lord, f£-!ljfl Jl'Tjf ; * to cast an image, 
mm,mB^ the die iscast,^5:;£7, :$:&£ 

Cast, V. i. To tlirow forward, as the thoughts, 
with a view to some determination, ^J^, t\^, 
tlW '• '" twist from regular sliape, as a board, 
|x|| ; to <'iist about, || : our ship was cast awav, 

Cast, n. The act of casting, g^. ^fij^-, ^^ ; a 
stone's cast, ^'-ij^ ; a cast at dice, -— ^ipg, ; a 
winning cast, ^|pJl; the first cast, -^^ ; you 
make the first cast, i^.-^^; to make a cast, 
M.M ; to be at the last cast, fijijg. 'icfij^t ; 
the cast of periods, '^'if;; the cast of the eye, 
W<^^V^ ; to have a cast with one's eye, ^\^ ; 
a cast of green, ^%, j^?f ; manner, air, ^^, 
'4^%%- ?^§ ; <i strange cast of countenance, ^ 
^'W^', 'i cast of hawks, -^WWi • ^ number 
of hawks let go at once, j^fil^itfll : a small 
stature of bronze, ^|j]f^ ; a cylindrical piece of 
lirass or copper, slit in tv/o, lengthwise to form 
a canal or conduit, for conveying metal, fp^g ; 
in another cast and figure, JL^iiJiJJt^JlIc, X'lJ/lJ^ 
1^; the assignment of the parts of a play to 
the different actors, ii.ltjg,^. 

Cast, ?i. The cast skin of snakes, insects, &c., '^•, 
the cnst of a drachi, ttj^'Jil; cast clothes, ^^ 

Cast. n. >See (Jaste. 

Cast-iron, n. ^P^^. ^f||. 

Castalian, a. Pertaining to Castalia, a cool spring 
on Parnassus, 1l[\±^j\MB')\- 

Castanra fagus, «. Ml3g- 

Castanet, n. An instrument for music, used in 
dancing the saraband ; caslanct boards, tfitS, 
I'liijfS; the quick and low castanet plavers, ^ 

Castaway, v. A reprobate, t A- f'jic"^fl'j A. -^ A ; 
that which is thrown away, 5g^, M'ik, M'ik- 
Caste, n. In Hindustan, a name of the several 
* Ecclesiastics 11, 1. 


( 211 ) 


classes into which society is divided, %^® P9 

Ciislcliiin. n. A .iTovoruor or conslable ol a ca^tlo, 

CastcJiafiHl, a. Incliiscd in a luiiidin;^'. as a I'oiint- 
ain or cistern, [g], [Hl'fft; adorned wilii turrols 
and battlements, ^^Igif:: WMffl- I^B^ fiM 

Castellalidn. v. Tiie act of fortifying a iiouse, and 
rendering it a laslie, H^M'^ iH-^ ■ 

Caster, 7?. One wlio llirows or casts, ^^, ^J|4^, 
S^^) ^^ ; '"IP wlio malics castings in metal, 
■ ^Xj f^Zft^'^ ; one who assigns the parts of 
a play to (lie adoi's. jjj^.lifl^ jg ; one wiio com- 
putes, p||K;qS% ^.^: one who calculates Ibr- 

set of casters. -^'MMit- -^pi'i'hM ; casters or 

rollers of furniture, ijifl'^f^-. 

Caster?, v. j>l. A stand with bottles for oil, x'nw- 

gar, etc., iLUji^. \m- 

Castigate, v. t. To chastise, ^fj. fj^, ^^, f|| 

Castigated, i>p. Punished, ^fji^, 4Tp!i®- 

Castigating, fpv. Punishing, ^g, ff-]?f, pjg^. 

Castigation, n. The intliction of stripes with a 

view to correction or punishment, ^llj^'. ^7 

^^.pB^^^- severe animadversion, byway 

of chaslisiMuent. either in writing or speech, 

Castigafor, «. One who corrects, ^l^^-tTWM- 
Castigatorv, a. Tending to correction. c(urcclive, 

Castile-soap. n. A line, bard soap, while or mo|- 
tlod. made of olive oil and srda, ^djJJ, WJJi^f 

Castilian. n. An inhabitant of Castile, in Spain. 
7/11 i- IMA* 

Casting, fpv. Throwing, S-^-tlll--iv'- computing, 
^T^- ' calculating, fi\^: runninginto a mould 
to give shape, ^^'^^ ; assigning parts in a i)Iay, 
iiWl&: casting a w^^.i^LM'^ casting plales, 
ffillStS ; a casting vole. ii^i:^. 

Casting net, v. A net which is cast and drawn. 

Casting-Vdte. Casling-voice. v. The vote of a pre- 
siding ofiiccr in an assembly or council, which 
decides a question when the votes of the assem- 
bly ar(^ (Miually divided between the affirmative 
and ncgali\c. ^4jt;2.'l?l ; to give the casting- 
vote, Ili^g'iHi. 

Castle, n. A house fortified against an enemy, a 

"* Ma** 

fortress, >M%, ^M. ilJ5r> WM.; the house or 
mansion of a nobleman or jjrince, "g ; the fore- 
castle, Jffg'g^^ ; castles in tlie air, ^;^,. 
Castle, V. t. In the game of chess, to cover the 
king with a castle, bv a certain move, _hi 

(JasI le-)iuilder, v. One who fcirms \isionary schemes, 

Castle-building, v. The act of building castles in 

the air, ^,§^. 
Castle-ward, n. An imposition laid fur inaiutain- 

ing watch and ward in a c:islle, l^ffi], tJ j^gi^ 

Castled, a. Furnished with castles, ^'M-^^^M- 

Cast let, n. A small castle, t]^-^, ^fff-f. 

Castling, v. An abortion, )]\%. 

Castor, n. A beaver, J^lll, [IjMff; a reddish brown 
substance of a strong, i;enelraling smell, taken 
from bags or cods in the groin of the beaver, fg 
I ?iJ]l ; tincture of castor, i^WM\^- 

Castor, Caster, n. '^%^. 
I Castor-oil, 71. The oil of tlie ricinun, or palma 
j Chruti, 'MlWMW <be castor-oil j)lant, ^^|, |g 
j ^^; the seed of the plant, 'MiM.-^ ■ 

Castoreum, n. -/§-IS,5^. See Castor. 

Castorine, n. An animal principle, prepared liy 
\ boiling castor in alcohol, \%MIWK- 

Castrametation, n. The art or act of encamping. 

Castrate, r. t. To geld. p^. tij, F^fJ, ^J. ^, ^fft, 
fjf^. iS. vt'l- 1ft-- l|lj- W- U ; to eastrate a jnan, 
Is3 A. r§*A:& : <o castrate a jiig, flj Jf- : to cas- 
trate a sheep, ^jj^ ; lo castrate a cock, -Jflife^, 
mm. Mm^ m C?) Il, $m ; <« castrate a dog, 
tijlfi] ; lo castrate a horse, J||,Oi, %W^ ; <o take 
away or retrench, as the obscene parts of a wril- 
1 '"e; W\^ ; to take out a leaf or sheet from a 
bcok, to render it imperfect, fjij^^^-. 

Castrated, pp. or «. (ielded, W,^,. '-^A^- ^-'A ■ ^ 
\ castrated man, ^A /^A^:'^ castrated sheeji, 
^'^i^ ; a castj ated ox, fli^': 'Ui^, ti -It ; n, cas- 
trated cock, -J^Jll; a castrated cat, ?|f fpi ; a cas- 
trated dog, ^^ ; a castrated liorM', ^^. 

Castrating, ppr. Gelding, ^, i|fl], -Jl^J. gj: taking 
away the obscene parts of a -writing, fjij-^^. 

Castration, «. The act of gelding, f^^-, ^\^/M 
^■•. the punishment (^fcasl ration, ',••■; ^J, 1^1^], 


Castrate, );. A male person emasculaled for the 
purpose of improving liis voice as a singer, |^ 
A, lift A. 


( 212 ) 


Castrel, Kestrel, n. A kind of hawk, jg^g. 

Cast sio.c\, n. MB, fSJUl^- 

Casual, a. Accidental, 1^*?c; occasioiinl. ^f Il-f • ^ 
£, T^fl ^;£; a casual affray, mi&1^±.^, 
'I'ililiA, IS^f^lSA ; a casual word, ^^.. 

Casually, adv. By cliauco, ■(jjj^jc. 

Casualness, «. Aecidentahipss. I^j^^il^. 

Casualty, «. Accident, i^fS^^H' Z-M^W^^ ^ 
^?^.'l),^^ :'^^h;^y ; <lic cnsualties of an en- 
gagement, fgS5E^-: f^UiHl^-^ ; misfortune, 
l^^jj; death occasioned liy accident {metomjm y). 

Casuist, n. One who studies and resolves cases of 
conscience, <k^^^- 1!^>\L>^^. %>6i.M: 

Casuistic, Casuistical, a. Kelating to cases of con- 
science, %>i^m, %%¥., zwk- KSfii 

Casuistry, n. The science or declrine of cases of 
conscience, M'b^^^ X%±M: itJcil ilS^ 
^'^^t\j^^\ the science of determining the 
lawfulness or unlawfulness of what a man may 

do, }k^mtm- }kmi.iLm- 5£ii:>i£±sE- 

Casus la'deris, n. The case stipulated liy treaty, 

Cat, n. IS, ^m, ii^l, 11; fi torn cat,J,',U>, 
Ifilte; as smooth-spoken as a cat-seller, ^Ifi'jfg 
V^tM'^^ KfwiBtvn ; 1he eat and the rat sleep 
together (rulers and thieves at league), Ifli^tp] 
UK; theeat"se3'e.||j'il)^[1JJ: cold as a cat "s nose — a 
hopeless thing, fi'i'i 4.1'^' fli; : cat-head of a ship, 
ISfjfc; to let the cat out of the hag, SlU.nrjajfl 
^<; cat in the pan, ^J^J^A, f^)ij.A ; to turn 
a cat in tiie pan, |^Ssl|f|^' ; a cat of nine tails, 
±WM, ilJ^W\ ; "iL^v •'gi"''c like cats and dogs, 
lnUi?fi]ft.; a douVile tri|iod having six feet, s^ 


f!at-bird, ,;. §U.|- iilm^n- 

Cat-eyed, a. fp^Pgt, ^Ufi^njl 

Cat-fall, n. In ships, a ro|e used in hoisting the 

anchor up to the cat-head, jltfjii^. 
Cat-fish, n. A species of shark, ^^, ^^\, if. 
Cnl-head, ». I^ifb. 
Cat-hook, II. A strong hook fitted to the cat-block. 

Cat-like, a. Keseuihling a cat,f§'fyfj, jH^fi, 

Cat-mint, n. A plant of tlu^ genus iiepcta, illflif. 

(Jat-saU, V. '^Eg. 

Cat-silver, «. A variety of mica, nj]%, ■^f'^l-E- 

Cat-tail. n. f^i^; cat's-tail grass, iijj, §, ^]/^l^:. 

Cat" s-eye, n. A variety of quartz or chalcedony, 

I tm^- 

Cat's-liead, u. A kind of apple, ?(^i4i^. 
Cat"s-paw, n. A light air, perceived ))y the rippl- 
ing of the surface of the water, Ji,lff ; a duje, 

Catalmptist, n. One who opposes baptism, ^gtf9 

Calachresis, n. An aliuse of a trojeorot words, 
55ia!t ; a trope which liorrows (he mime of ore 
thing to express another, f^fg. %^^. 

Cataclirestic, Catacliresticil. a. L'elonging to a 
eatachresis, forced, ii-fJtfl^; far-fetched, ^}<i;%. 

Catacomb, v. A cave, grotto, or subterraneous 
]ilaee for the burial of the dead, fM- M- 1/Ji^, 
KjK- ; <he Imperial catacombs, ^\>^. 

C'atadinptric, Catadieptrical, n. I'eflecliug light, 

Catamatic, a. That has the quality of consolidat- 
ing )u-oken jmrts, ij'ilf^jl'^-. 
Catagraph, n. The first diauiilit of a picture, |f^ 

'£, 4TJi!l- 

Catalepsis, Catalepsy, n. A sudden s})prcssion of a 
motion and sensation, in wbi(di ilie patient is 
speechless, senseless, and fixed in one posture, 

Catalei)tic, o. Perlainina- to catalepsy, \\l%^\\^- 

Catalogue, n. List, (t|'f|:, ^,^p. 0,%, i|f, ^@: 
catiilogue of books. ■§ @ . #^ ; a list of names. 
« 0, ^iil ; a list of goods. ^^.. ^im'- ft 
ij^^ii. ; a record, or genealogical table, ji%lfi\ 
make out a catalogue of books, |;33'ySf3 ; ^ 
general catalogue. ^§.^.0. 

Catalysis, »i. Dissolution, j)^''^". J'n'ffc ! i'^ chem- 
istry, a decomposition of the proximate and ele- 
mentary principles of compounds liy Ihepres- 
cjicc of sulistanees which do not themselves so 
combine, ^%h\'iM- 

Catalytic, n. L'elating to catalysis. ^ft,i\'.]. (iH-ft 

Calamiiran, n. A kind of raft used in India and 
Ihazil for fishing and landinn' aoeds from ships, 

#■ m- 

Catinnenia, n. The menses or monthly coursi's, J\ 
%3.. n 7K. ;fS7K. %>5^ !i|7K : <he time of the 
catamenia. $iJl|]. j^ IDj : to have the menses, 
5S$M- frfS- 7K:A:; at the age of 14 the cat.i- 
meiiia ajipears. il-^'X-^J^J^. 

(_'atameuial, f(. Pertaining to ihe c;ilamenia, /| 

Catamiie, n. A boy kept for unnatural purposes. 


( 213 ) 



(.'.ilMiiioiuit, Cat amount;! ill 

The wild Oil t,jEffi. 
Caliindioiiious, Gatanatlromoiis, a. In iclilliy- 
ology, moving once a year from salt water 

iiiio'n-esii. ^}Xk 7PU. mkyK^Mi- 

Catapasin, v. A dry powder lor sprinkling the 

).o(iy, m*&^- ' f^Mfi'5- 

Catapeltie, a. rcrlaining to the <-afapull, ^M', 

Catapelalous, a. An epithet applied to petals of a 

flower, held together by stamens, whieli grow 

lo their I ases, as in the mallow, srj.j^^PK"- 

Gilaphonies, n. The doetrine of reflected sounds, 

Gataplism, n. A poultiee, r^'lSSf^ r^l^. ^RtH; 
aiiply a eata plasm, Jl^jlf-. 

Citapalt, ». A military engine used )iy the an- 
cient (ireeks and Eomans for throwing stones, 

&<■: m- ^IP' fl^^ili' 5tifi«i!i' '^^^■ 
G itaract, n. A great fall of water over a precipiee, 

±Pk<\i-lMf^- -^ ''^pi'l' 7l; ^ cataract of the 

gf^j||lj- ; cataract growing over the eye, g^l;?:/ 
§1 : to operate on a cataract, filPf S^; cataract 
knife, mil,VJ*7J- 

Catarrh, u. A eld. mh i^jM, 51>!g6=S, OtP|(, li 
'^' Yj"^-^^' -t^J^; '^11 epidemic catarrh or in- 
thrMizaT nHSE' ll^^hM;^; <o sufier of a 
catarrh, ^(l>jM., I^Effia ; '-^ chronic discharge 
from ihe mucus membrane of the nose, rjt_^. 
7J<; catarrh caused by the weather, M'MM.^- 

Catarrhal, Catarrhous, a. Pertaining to catarrii, 
mm^ (t;,m\\'r- p'-oduced by a catarrh, fga 

Catastrophe, «. The change which produces the 
final event of a dramatic piece, MiWif^^t-- ^^ 

M-^v^ m^^m^ ^s m fi^ 9^. % ^^ n r^ ; a 

disaster or calamity, ^i'^, ^^ ^Mi^i^, S^ 
%'Ji'^- ; the conclusion or result, S^^'d6>J^ ; ^ 
violent convulsion of the globe or part of it. 

Catch, r.t.; pret. and ]ip. catchcd, caiu/ht. To 
seize with the hand, ^. i^^, #, mi-M' W^ 
m- ^f±- ^^' ^S- M^i^ ^M ; to catch in a 
iii't- \V ' Mi ; '0 catch, as birds, :j|^. ^jjf ; to catch 

n thief, 'mi m%, 0m ; to caid. tish, fMa, 

■ im- *Tffl- m^fX, im-^ to catch birds. i£K, 
W<^- M 1'^' IH al ; to catch birds with bird- 
Imic. :fK;l(> ; to catch fire, ^>X, ^^-'K- 'PW^ 15 
'X. jlll'X-. to catch cold, ^i^M' <^^^ ^m^ 
H^MMU'^ '0 catch a disease, i^;),^', j^;),).], ffj 

^; <o catch the truth, m^'- ^^^^51; to 
catch one in a lie, ^ ffij ^Jf ;^ii|'I' ; to catch a 
scent, [ifl^, [iiTi^.t. ; to catch one"sdeath, Jtljt 
91:- ^3Sit-^ •• to catch one's fancy, t^>-T(^:, |5^,. 
^7^;; to catch at. ^ilU-^tttt; to catch up, ^ 
iJ' 1^ M- I'ill^ : " to catch people's words, ^^ 
f\{; \o catch one by his word, pJ^A's": fJ^-IJiiiS 
iE''jJSi ^'a'yfi^ ; to catch one in his own trap, 
filtf i : to catch one in a basket, ^(fij'fp, ^ 
^fe5; '■< to cafcli or overtake, as a storm, 4T3^> 
^Tffl^ ; put it where it will catch your ej'e, ^ 

Catch, v.i. To communicate. f±^; to spread by 

infecting, ^i^. rifcVi'i, fiftH- 

Catch, 1!. Seizure. :{£ -^^ :^^ -^^ |g :S: a hook, a 
catch, fij,^^, ^; a catch as on a carrying pole, 
^\];a smooth catch, j-fj-^jj; a carrying ])ole with- 
out a catcli: also a slippery fellow, ff^lIJliM'-; 
a sudden advantage taken. ^|,^. ft^^J; the 
thing caught. JiJrl^ilPf-, Wftt±!lf;to sing by 
catches, ^m. ffiifl'fj: 'i ''I'-ky hit, f|if#. 

Catch-drain, n. A drain on a, hillside, fo catch 
the surface water, lU^KJJL- ^llUvKl'/C; ^ ('"tch 
on the side of a canal to catch the water which 
escapes, ^fijt,^'^. 

Catcli-meadow, n. A meadow whieh is irrigated 
by water from a liillside, llj7Ki^?7iJlii • 

Catch-poll, ?i. A bailifi'sassistant,^i:i3^,if|{|!i(il|£-. 

Catch-word, n. Among actors, the last word of 
the preceding speaker, which reminds one that 
he is lo speak ne.xt, ^fja", ^fs ; among jirinfers 
the word jdaced at the bottom of each page, 
under the last line, which is lo be inserted as 
the first lineon the following page. '^^,}&i^^. 

Catclier, n. One who catches, fl f;. \% -^. f^l ^. 

Catching, ppr. Seizing, jjS, IS tt, ^ f±, fLfi ; 
insnaring, \^i%. 'g,]r.%. Vfi^V'>U- 

Catching, a. lufeclioes. ij^. %V^, i^. -i^^. 

Calcliing-bargaiii. ». A Ijargain made with an 
heir-expectant tor the purchase of his expectan- 
cy, at an inadequate price. f5ri:f^r;ff§{?il#3) 

Catchpenny, v. Something worthless particularly 
a book or pamplilet, adapted to the popular taste, 
and intended to gain money in market, ^Ifi|^, 

Catchup, Catsup, u. A liquorcxtraclcd from mash- 
rooms, tomatoes, itc, used as a sauce, 'g ^[. f 

±mm^ ^i #- -^<nw- 

* Ttie latter said of ilog.s. 

f The word used liv servaiil.s and conipi-adors. 




Catechetical, Catechelic, a. Eolaiing (o, or con- 
sistinii' in asking- qiiesi ions and rocoiving an- 
,sw,.rs:pj]^Pl5f. pg^rii 

C-atciietic-aiiy, adv. By question and answer, .L^ISJ 


Caleeliisalion, «. Tlic act of caio.-hising, fj]^^. 

Catechise, v.t.lo instruct by asliing questions, 
receiving answers, and oli'ering exidmations, 
and corrections, fiJIi Ifi R!] ^ . m!\^^M- :5fc^ 
p^i^^i^ ; to quesliiiu, examine, or interro- 

proper category, ^J^^ljc ; it does not come in 

this category, T^Ajlfc^ifl. '^^A'km^- 
Catenarian, Catenarv, a. Iielaling to a chain, fj^! 

%,fi!!!fl^; like a chain, f^faijl. 
Catenate, v. t. To connect in a series of linlis or 

ties,|ii:^p, ef±, iilp. 
Catenated, pp. Connected, as linl<s of a chain, ^ 

Catenation, n. Connection of links. lii'sEpHf; regu- 
lar connection , j^^, /lEjil^-. IjfcSI^- 

gate, ^ 111), ^ PpI, ^ Fn^. ^ pi] ; (o catechise a j Cater, r. i. To provide food, 1;\f\\:Ki%, MMM^ : 'o 

pupil, ^PpT^IH, -^Pp^^^IJ; to ask questions 
concerning the doctrines of the Christian reli- 
gion, PclJ ^III5S^±|i ; to catechise mutually, jfg 

Catechised, j7p. Instructed, J^j^^^ji- 

Catechiser, n. i^J^^, Vi\S\^. 

Catechising, ppr. Instructing by (juestions and 
answers, JtJi PJ) ^ ft A . m-li'^ff-.^. 

Catechism, n. A form of instruction liy means of 
questions and answers, jy P.S) ^ fp; ti : ^i cate- 
chism for the young, ijj^'H']'^, ^i^V:f^^,i^j 
^fj]^f^^; a catecliism tor jieople of ad- 
vanced age, :J^^f^^; a catoc-hism of the 
Christian religion, ^|iFi!]^; a book cantaining 
a summary of principles in science, art or reli- 
gion. p.Sl^'l:. 

Catechist, n. Cne who instructs by question and 
answer, JL^l^ I^TJ^^^- n: F^ ^M- "^(^ appoint- 
ed by theChun-li to insti-m-t in the princi]des 

ofreligion, liil^-, f|it«. 
Calechislic, Catecliisticul, n. Pertaining to a cate- 
chist, ficiKKj- iliffJi;: pi'rtaining tii a cate- 
cliism. n^-^m, fv^-m'-i- 

Catechu, n. A brownastringent substance brought 
from India, also called tm-ra japonica, lij,^', 

H Bii: Wk ^ M M ,4? . ?IC 9^ ;1>- 

Caleehuic acid, n. An acid sulnble in water ob- 
tained from catechu, <jl^^, ^A'Mn'^^- 

Catechumen, n. One who is receiving instr\ictions 
and preparing himsidf for liaptism, !^fi|l,^<5. 

Catechiimenist, «. A catechununi, which see. 
Categorical, a. Pertaining to categorv. |^P|[. ® 

^%- m^m- is/f^ii-j •• absolute, -t m. ii^ B ■■ 
positive. -£5ftP|5t. fm(^^- mw-}- 

C'ategoricallv.r((/c. Al'si.lutelv. 5:t,tf^•'ii-^^^|li|■'''■f- 
l.v, [&?«." 

Category, n. In l"gic, a series or oi'der of all the 
characteristics or alti'ibutes contained under a 
genus, MJ^'Mlr'' '" bring them into their 

buy or procure jn-ovisions, M{}i%, ^J 
Cater, n. /See Caterer. 
Cater, n. The four of cards or dice, |l[jy. 
.Cater-cousin, )!. A quatre-cousiu, a remote relation, 

Caterer, n. A provider, Wi'k'^^\ ^ buj'er or 

purveyor of provisions, ^ |J^. 
Cateress. n. A woman who caters, jlfi\)i'^^^, 

■knm, mm, Mmm- 

Caterpillar, n. The coloured and often hairy larva; 
of the lepidopterous insects, ^jll; hairy cat- 
erpiUars, jbA t|. m € lH, f^ il'., € t, € ^ ; 
smooth cateri)illars, =j'!^^, ^ili ; a caterpillars 
found on mulberry trees. J|ll',, 4Mu: ^il'..?); 
^iS4i; black caterpillars, ^iijl ; one that 
feeds on vegetables and plants, Ij^il^, ^^ 

Caterwaul, v. i. To cry or waul, as cats in rutting 
lime, lii'ji'ti^. fn'i^ ; to make a harsh, oflensive 
iioise, mMili'M- 

Caler-wauling, u. The cry of cats, Iffiniiliijliil^; 
a harsh, disagreeable noise, fjK;|'i'iffi'i'^- 

Catery, n. The place where provisions are depos- 
ited, -fclctM- 

Cates, Dainties, ^t^-i^I, pT P il^^- 

Catgut, V. The intestines of sheep and other ani- 
mals dried and twisted used as strings for mu- 
sical instruments. IJ^K'il^, OS^tlll : '^ kind of 
linen or canvas with wide interstices, ^Y|i- 

Catharine wheel, n. A circular, ornamental win- 
dow, M&'M- 

Catharist, «. One who pretends to more pm-ity 
than others possess, tH'JM'/^iBP.M^. SJtU 

Calluirisis. u. Purgation 
Cathartic. Cat hartical.rt 

Cathartic, «. A medicine 
charges, and thus dean 
bowels, }g|^,J§ii,ifc T 

Purging. ij;jflM5:J^fi^, 

hat i»romotesalvine(lis- 
tlie stdinacb and 


( 215 ) 


Cat hart ically, adv. In the mannerof a eathartio, 

Calhartioahicss. ». Tlic quality of [iroinnting dis- 

cliargcs from llie bowels, ^\U^i§.. i^JHiltt- 
Cathartina, Cathartiiie, n. The aftlve inii-gative 

l)i-iiieiple of senna, ■^'^'iMli, -jt^U- 
Cat lied rn, n. The chair or seat of a person in au- 

Oiorily, M-^- 
Cathedral, n. The sec and seat of a liislinp, ^Jf^ 

l^li:^ll'>±fii:^?^': (I"^!"''"'-'!'''' ••hnrcli in 

a dioees,N ^!\m±.mn'M- 

Cathedrafed, a. lielating to the authority of the 
chair or office of a teacher, |Jc!fJI)lIi$l'g!E."fj:fi|;t 

Catheter, )i. In surgery, a tubular instrument, to be 
introduced into the Ijlndder. to draw oR' the 

urine, 5Iili1|=.»JbKriW- ^If^lilil?^-- •> s^'^"' 
catheter, ^hUR^g"-. 

Cathode, n. In electro-clieniistry, the way or sur- 
face by which the electric current leaves sul:- 
stances through which it passes, 'il-5tr^K. W, 
^ft J§ ; the negative pole, f^^l. 

Cat holes, n. pL Two little holes astern abiove the 
gun-room ports of a ship, ffflUff, Wt^Mf'f- 

Catholic, a. Universal or general, ^fi. JjTi. fi- 5S 
^^"lEilH-'u-fi'j' 5V^fi^; liheral, not narrow- 
minded, partial or liigotted, "^t^fl^: jiertain- 
ing to, or afler-ting the Koiuan Catholits, |g,nfj 
li "If , ^ i fi fl^ ; the Catholic (not Roman) 
fiiitli, mA- M'i- Mi^^UWl. ■■ Catli.die Church, 
JVJ^t" ; 'lie eatholic epistles, ;^fW. ili!^±,iF- 

Catholic, n. An adherent of the Catholic (.'liurch, 
'l^li ""^ A ; an adherent of the Roman Catholic 

Catholical, a. General, ^^(\^, \m^V^. ^% 

Catholicism, ?i. Universality, or the orthodox faith 

■ of the whole church, -^Ifi, j^f^ilfi: : the re- 
ligion of the Roman Catholic Church, Ji^l^'x, 
Si.^fc; li'ierality of sentiments. %>(.. ^>i^- 

Catholicity, n. The doctrines and usages of the 
fiUhers of the first five centuries, ^/|-|4^". jE^ic 
^ ; the religion of the Roman Catholics, %j^ 

Catholicon, n. A remedy for all diseases, J^IB''!?; 
^-fSi^'K-'M^^^ '• a remedy supposed to be 
cfficaciiius in pursing away all humours. .^^jP^ 


Catholicos, n. The primate or head of the Ar- 
menian Church, iHiJf H/E^^lsi^^- 
Catkin, n. In botany, a species of calyx, ^-| ; the 
calkins of a willow, |PP"|^!. 

Catling, n. A dismembering knife, used by sur- 
geons, ;glj7J ; the down or moss growing about 
walnut-trees, ^^JfjfefJl^'rf. 

Catmint, Catnip, «.t^:.i1^;. 

Catonian, a. Grave, severe, gg, l^-i", fj^^. [fif. 

Cat-o-ninc-tails, n. A whip with nine lashes, jl,^. 

Catoptrics, n. That part of optics which explains 
the properties of reflected light. igjiBilS- 

Cat seep, n. %\^^\. 

Cattle, n. sing, or pi. Beasts or (piadrupeds in gen- 
eral, used for tillage, &c., *^. ■g^.*j!a,!|4 
Prffl¥,0fldfe; liiirned cattle, ;^ ^ : black 
cattle, ^i('; small cattle. ^f| : fat cattle, jJU 
^ ; domestic cattle, ^^ ; the six kind of do- 
mestic cattle, 7\'§ ; to raise cattle, ^^ ; cattle 
(in the United Stales), ^, if^ff . 

Cattle-show, n. An exhibition of domestic ani- 
mals for prizes, (tc, ^^ti, ®W- 

Catty, 11. A Chinese weight of H jiound avoirdu- 
pois. Jf , %]] ; catties and taels. If [^ ; one catty 
haslGtaels, -^^ff. + 7^l^. 

Caucasian, Caucasean, a. or n. Pertaining to 
]\fount Caucasus, '^7/11 ^ llj P^ ". a Caucasian, ^ 
[If A. 

Caucus, «. A meeting of citizens to agree upon 
candidates to be proposed for elect ion to offices, 

Cauda aquina, n. ^^l^'i- 

Caudal, a. Pertaining to a tail. ^P^ ; pertaining 

to the thread which terminates the seed of 

plants, ^IIJ.. 
Caudate, Caudatcd, a. Having a tail, ^^,J^9^, 

Caudex, n.-.pj. Caudexes. The stem ol a tree, ^J 

Citidle. n. A l.iud of warm drink, jH?^,> 

Caudle, v.t. To prepare caiulle, y^]^'t§;. y^W^- 
Cauf, n. A chest with holes for keejiing tish alive 

in water, -f^xMli- 
Caught, pni and jrp. of catch. tSjl.^;l-ffiT, 

^l,U^.^m; f""glit in a net, mU'^; 

caught in a trap, as a rat. ^^J^ : caught him, 

^ItfP; to he caus'ht in rain on the rood, J§Jl 


Caul, ?(. A kind of net in which females inclose 
their hair, ^\\] , if A§f]; any kind of net, 
M' W ; =^ woman's cap, ijg : a membrane of the 
abdomen, covering the nrratcst part of the lower 
intestines, !l§fj,:^IJ!J-#]JBH:. 

Caulescent, a. Having a herbaceous stem which 




hears both leaves auil fnielifiealioii, jg^^^Mi 


111 11 10 


Oaiilileroiis, «. See Caulescent. 
Oaiiliflowei-. u. A variety oi'lmssit 


Gaulilonii, '(. Having the form of a stalk, o 
lac-ous stem, tfi^, WU, ^M- WMM- 

Caiiliue, a. In botany, growing iniiiK diatly - 
lierbaeeous stem or slalk called rani Is, 

Caiilk. v.t. To eolk, wliieli see, ^J-J-'ji-. 

Caulking, jq}'-. ijW- 

Caiiniatie, «. Of (he nature of a simile plilogislie 

lever, ;^l,-iifKj. 
CaMjionale. v. I. To keep a victualling liouse, [jjjj^ 

Caiisable, a. That may be caused, n] gi , pj $5: ■ Pj" 

Causal, a. delating to a cause or causes, ^j^^, ^/ 

• fr /&■ ^ til ; expressing a cause. $<i,l^. {[j fijc. 

conjunction, WikiL^^'-f-^ •}\lk 


Causality, 7*. The agency of a cause, ^i^, Kltil, 

Causally. 7,. ri/a^fKjjJCri;. 

Causation, ii. The act of causing or producing, ■jjf 

T:, ^«-, t^^, ^rr-«-- mi^- 

Cau.salive, <i. That expresses a cause or reason, =}t 
iicfKj- mUcm- 'ji&fKj ; tli'it efiects a cause, 0f 

Cansator, ?(. < >ne who causes, ^^ , WciS , '%' '^ ^ ■ 
Cau?c, 71. A suit in court, ^ ; a cause, or indict- 
ment, ^ir^j^; that which produce's an efl'ect, pjj 
•CE, JiyfJiC. (iTf^; lli'it liy virtue of which any- 
tliiiig is done, JiJfi^^^; that from which any- 
thing proceeds. I^ [ij , |5^ ill . I^^^i. Uk:^, 'A^f. ; 
the reason or motive (hat urges, moves or im- 
)iels (he mind (o act or decide, l^, ^itA- IS, 
Sit iy,®^; <iie incipient cause, J^gji: (he 
first cause, ;$:, /f^;^. %%•, fji5i5:, i{,-& ; the se- 
condary i-auso. ;^/^.rjcl^, ; for the cause of (ru(h, 
^KJI- i^asi: 1'"- wh'it '•'"'«'■? ftiL^' fi5it: 

:^ , ^-k ffi ,'.^ . fnj fi5: . rr f'j • m frj • i^ii^j : f<"- 

this .aus,.. ^irtfm, Silt^- Sjit- HiltSi:- 
l^ittiA- /diil[:-^&.7'iilMi^.«:: ^vidiout a 

cause, iit^ii:. j^hi'li'l^ '■ every (liing must have a 
cause, ili|r<i:^fj'ig. Jl^I-ui^'f/H; loha(conc 
\vi(liou( a causi'.^it-^lji^ 7v : luit wiOiout a cause, 
l]i'4^BlA^ V#M0-. 'l"'i'' 'ii'ist 1e a cause, 

^jk'i^mnitA. n^>MitA- >3tima- ^.z^iiA ; 

an original cause, jg [Ij, -^^li], ;j|^ig. U^ilj. ;fj^ 
/tS, ^M; '-^ cause of quarrel, ;^, •^jg. ;^£^;, 

^J^ ; a of hatred, fjj?^* ; a cause of dis- 
like, ^.Jijf ; to seek a cause of f[uarrel, ^.l^, ; to 
raise a cause of quarrel, ^fi. jOl^Jg ; (here 
is a cause of quarrel, ^■^. tfikf!¥~- '^ E^^'^^ 
cause, ij.|p. III]:, ^$, ^5|i; lo inv( sliga!o 
into the cause, ^{i^, ^^5:, ^Tji. Jt Jtl^. : '''e 
cause of a disease or complaint. •-)jij i'/Ki . ^i"'] tli ■ '"" 
did it not without a cause, tej^p^i):^,^, .^ffi^ 
^fi'ii-^uii'k' *1^'' cause or circumstances of an 
iit-'iii'. IWtfl, 1t0, IfAS:- ^Irfj: fo give cause 
of suspicion, fk^- •D'^^ : *" stand for a gO( d 

c-aiise, lijjm^, mk{ t;, m t -4- • mn^i ; lo 

gain one's cause, /jM'B" pJ; ''* jdead a cause, ^ 
^if^#; it is for this cause, i^'ilt^; (he cause 
of all material (hings. -^^^ ; what is (he cause 
of your grief ? ^|i^ ^;Jl iK- 

Cause, r. <rTo occasion, i^.'^.fi- fi?/, M- 1!^, B-'f, 
#, fSl- Jfl, fi, ^5, f*. ^m- ^i± • '" I'^'li-''-^ 
/{:, f^ ; lo cause, bring or provoke, tfii .^'-i iB 
S^-;. fi||^; ; to cause (o be, \^^' ; to cause sorrow, 
i -1, '^ '^m- ■■ <'> < ause joy. ^m'4-^^^; 
(o cause miserv. Jiifii, tS'lifii '■ '"ause him (o de- 
part, (.lift!i-iv-"tig±. ^fE±: 'ause him to 
come, M('Hti.^> f-^IE* ; '0 cause death, ^ 
5E, ,^ A fuf ; b' cause people to feel ui:comfor(a- 
ble, 'pJf A :?;-$, # AT^^ ; <f> f""'^<' '^ quanel, 
^Ml'f'CW^- (o cause dissensions, -^-^J^; (o 
eai'se mi.'ehief, ^ |l^ ; commiseraiinn causes 
atffclion, and alfection causes jiarlialily, ^^ 
']&. 'M^^Wi; lo cause sleep, gcnP.©!- nm\ 
cause him to rise, ^. jji ^ ; to cauM' (o grow, 
^^M-^- (0 cause hapjiiness, ■f^fjiK.^fK: to 
cause to desist, 'i&i±,\^i±. itH- jS^P; lo 
cause calamity In a state. |51^|j5i:A;,vi!.- 

Caused, pp. ^'A. fki^r Pii&- ^i^- pi-educed, 
dtil, if-ii>- ftil: liroiight abeut. hH^. 

Causeless. «. Having no cause, toJJ^., jjitg, fif;^ 
]fjjW: wilhoul just ground, reason or molive, 

Causelessly, ndc W'idiout cause or reason, ^SfiJ;. 
Causelessness, 7). ^^,iA^- 

Causer, 71. He that causes, J^^-. ^f,. -fi"^ ; the 
agency by which an etVecl is pndueid, f^^, 

Causeway, Causey, 77. A way raisul al:ove the 
level of the ground by stones, earth, ttc, ;;^B^ 
S^- JSIJI- ^^^ii- -f'^IS"; lo "li'l a causeway, ^ 
.lilSS. HSPiliii- ^-CJ'; a road laid regularly 
with :gJ5. 

(.'ausewaved, Causeved. a. Haviui;- a caasewav or 
a raised way, ±,]}m''U- M'M^- 


( 217 ) 


Causidical, a. Pertaining to an advocale, Jl^SiJI'lE, 

Causing, fpr. Producing, f%, '^, %, \^, ^, ?|. 

Caustic, Caustical, a. 15uruing, J^(i<j, f^{\%, i^fl^; 
corroding, til; ^ fl^ ; destroying tlin texture of 
aninial tiesli, ^-l\%^'.\, -^\W\d%Ui\'^-^ severe. 
It. fill. l!?. W^- 1^'"^. "^W^ ; i-'-^iistie feeling, 
^'i- , ^''t-'^UiKi-jliJ ±. ; caustic language wounds 

Canslir, n. In medicine, any substance, wliich, 
applied to animals, acts like fire, ;^^, ^^, 
^]Um\ l"ii'^'- taustic, Jilgl^,^!^, Ff'i'iiii; 
medicine used as a caustic, 'XM- 

Causticity, 71. Tlie quality of acting lii^e fire on 
animal matter, J3||^]fJ,j;fj|^'|':?l;;cutfing remark, 

Cautelous, rt. Cautious, |i:lifS; wary, 0|^tf; cun- 
ning, m, ifat, rxifi- ,'>«]•■ 

Cautelously, adv. Cunningly, f|f^^, ^j^^S, Jjc^ ; 
cautiously, f^W|. [IJ|. 

Cautelousness, Cautilousness, n. Cautiousness, \,^ 
Cauter, »i. A searing hot iron, J^gJ, ^tgj^. 
Cauterism, o. The application of cautery, *^^i/<^, 

Cauterization, «. In surgery, the act of burning 
some morbid [lart by the application of lire, % 

Cauterize, vA. To burn with a hot iron, ^, J^, 
%»X., ^\ to cauterize with moxa, ^, ^>i<; to 
cauterize a morbid place, ^^)^,'^%; to cau- 
terize a sore, ^■^. 

Cauterized, f\i. or a. Burned with a hot iron, J^ 

Cauterizing, p^jc. Burning, as with a hot iron, 

^, m'k^\ the caulerhing iron, m^- 
Cautery, n. A burning, as by a hot iron, Jfl>)'C^, 

Caution, n. Provident care, li£fft, jfiS;, Im^-, )J\ 
)jj> ; prudence with regard to danger, 5^'!'^, \^ 
I'l- filM- |i^ M ; measures taken for security. 
mi- f'^l': '^xhortation, fj^lX, ©jg^' ; ^^u^^i^^- 

ty, #1:, ^,-t:. 

Caution, r. t To warn. Igff, ^H, ^l^H, j^^, 
?1)C, fl?iX, f®^. #?S. ^tg. PlTii?- : to exhcrt to be 
carefu 1 , f j ^^ ,J> >{. , % ^, ^ \%,^^ .J^ j6 ; to 
caution against lasciviousncss, J^^, 3^(5,, lift 
5iKg, ; to caution against wine, ^\^, MiJM^ • 
caution him, 'MMiU^ fjjSfg- 

Cautionary, a. Cnnlaiuing caution to avoid dan- 
gei', #5^"^. tftrnP^; cautionary words, ^-g". 

Cautioned, pj>. Warned, i^J^'AMM'M'-, pi'cvious- 

ly admonished, gBMii, lA^ii. #t^ii- 
Cautioner, ?i. In Scotch law, the person who is 

bound for another to the performance of an 

oldigation, f^^A- 
Cautioning, pp. Warning, ^^, fj^, ^^, #^ 

cautious, a. Careful to avoid evils, 11:1 'fM, >h t\j, 

m >5. T m. if m. m \>u, 1 1^ p:$, £ m, tf , 

ify,'^; watchful, ffjicgi; circumspect, '|'fi;g ; be 
very cautious, ifrJj.i\£Wl^ i^^U'Wi'S.^ Vr^iii>h 
i\^ ; a cautious person, iM;§;P^ A- 

Cautiously, adv. With caution, U^ >ii>, '[fi ^, ui 
'|1 ; act cautiously, )]^>ij>fTJ^, tl^S'^- 

Cautiousness, ?i. The quality of being cautious, ^ 
'tl , jfi :^ , i'M ;^_ ^ ; prudence with regard to 
danger, m;^^, ^QJjj-^. 

Cavalcade, 7i. A procession of persons on horseback, 
-WAf^, -pfA Cfi. %f^, If, -''^^^^: the 
Imperial cavalcade, jjp||. 

Cavalier, ji. A horseman, i^,t| i^, A, ^ .?| ^' ; a 
knight, E m #, * G ^#; t a gay, spright- 
ly military man, 5i#, i/?l, M«, )^-^„3^ 
^ ; a gay fellow, ^^^, ^tfg^^; one who 
understands horsemanship, |^A, SX A- 

Cavalier, «. Gay,^^flf|; haughty I'lfP^, # 

'is' i&M- r^- 

Cavalierly, acre. Haughtily, ^ f^R, -[)g-f«, ^^tSR 

Cavalierness, n. Haughtiness, ■®'I§^. 

Cavalry, «. A body of military troops on horse- 

Wk, B}^, ,t|^, l^^,m^U; light cavalry, 

fl?ltf.$I|li; heavy-armed cavalry, fg|^; infant- 

I'y and cavalry, -i^i^j, j}^}^ ; general controller 

of cavalry, ^!g[igt- 
Cavate, v.t. To excavate, which see. 
Cavatina, n. A short air, i]\^. 
Caviziou, /!. In architecture, the underdigging of 

the earth for the foundation of a building, ^^ 

Cave. n. A hollow place in the earth, ^,^,J^, 
M- M' ^' i-M '1 a hollow place in a mountain, 
W. Wi: M\; a f"^ve in the field, ^l^; to live 
in the caves, ;/^g-,^;g. 

Cavea, n. The stable or den for wild beasts, ^. 

Caveat, n. In law, a process to slop proceedings in 
a court, jhlS. MWi ; intimation of caution, ^ 
A- MT^^ Wlm'^ notice of intention for the 
patenting of a particular invention, ^^$,\]1S(a, 

__ 7 ?t ^j 

* A distinction conferred upon Mauchus and is equiva- 
lent to knight. 

t This character is said to appear in some edicts. 


( 218 ) 


among several tribes of Indians in America, 


Ceaso, v.i. To stop moving, acting or speaking, 

Jt, ,|., f^c, W, itM; P^-S, W±. M. f?,!., W 

PA, f^c,i., ffi,!., m. fiw, ff , «■ m- m- m- e ; 

to cease from work', f^X, ^k^, \^\^, -14 X, 
fr- in ; to cease from \vali<ing, jh ^ ; stoji, fg 
"If- e^,f?f±, ^:'I^, itf±; to cease firing, 
llifii;- J^iclT' mie; cease to enquire, ^ FpI, f^: 
fll! ; he would not cease, Hg '^ ^-^ T' # f;fc ; to 
make to cease, jig fi, jS ± ; cease a while, ^ 

Ceased, p;). Stopped, jhil, ^^--i, j^jj^'j^, f^JS, i't 

Ceaseless, a. AVithout a slop or pause, ^f^^J;, ^f?, 

Ceaselessly, rt J c. ;^PjiT>G- 
Ceasing, p^''- Stopping, PjL jh, ,1-, SJ:1. : with- 
out ceasing, :^?ji;, :^f¥-; without ceasing day 
and night, H ^T^St T^l-l;?^; *'"^ lour sea- 
sons revolve without ceasing, Hljg^,!., Hflt 

Ceasing, «. Cessation, ^^, 85;^, ,|.^, ±^- 
Cedar, n. ft fj}. Ig I'M, ^M, Mt^^- 
Cedar-like, fl. ilil-ijlifti^. 
Cede, r. t. To yield up to another. *f . ,^-y., ij.?, ^ 

!ftMfil^-i5;")5R ; to deliver, ^>^ ; to cexle terrri- 

tory, fijJiLi,liJi!l. 
Ceded, fp. or a. Yielded. |^jH ; transferred, ^^ 

Cedini;. pp?-. Yieldina'. 18,^^5; trauslerrmg, 


Cavilousness, n. Captiousncss, %\-^ ^, ^^.^^f ^, ' Cedrine, «. Belonging to cedar, % ; cedrine wood, 

Caveat emptor. " Let the purchaser beware," ^^- 

Caveat ing, n. In fencing, the shifting of the 
sword from one side of an adversary to the other, 

Ca\('rn, n. A deep, hollow place in the earth, i|h] 

?S, g§- S, ffi, M-M-M' f'P enlrance of a 
cavern. 5\r P , '^ P ; caverns are thi' habitations 
of spirits and monsters, ^1;^ ft OJf^, ^|f2g 
lll^^; caverns and fissures, Jl!ii|ii]M(^. 
Cavernous, a. Full of caverns, ^"^^lil, iri. J^, 


Ca\ello, n. In architecture, a iioUowed moulding, 


Cinezoii.Cavesson, i>. A sort of noso-band, which 
is put on the nose of a horse, used in breaking 
the animal, ,E^,^.^. 

Caviare, Caviar, it. The roes of certain large fish, 
prepared and salted, ^.ffijil- 

Cavicorn. n. llbf^M- 

Cavil, c. (". To raise cajitious aud irivolous olijec- 

tions, m^, i=m- ff !&• li'f . %iu, ii'f ; n 

^^ W-^m-^^i^ ■ to cavil at the price, gj^fg. 
Cavil, n. False or frivolous objections, 'JS-M, 
Caviier, n. One who cavils, ^M^^'^, iif-^i^. 
Caviling, p;:»r. or a. Raising frivolous objections, 

Cavilalion, n. The act of caviling, 5S|^f ^, fj^f,^ 


Cavilous, a. Captious, ^l^^|'Kj,g5 P % mPU, ?5 
Cavilously, adv. In a cavilous manner, ^,f^. 

'Cavin, n. A hollow way, i|4jg§. 
Cavity, h. A hollow place, -f^, ^', ^, [ItJ; an aper- 
ture, ^, ^[, 1^ : the inner cavity of the ear, Jf. 

Cavolinite, 7i. A variety of nepheline, which see. 
Caw. V. i. To crv like a crow, rook, or raven, f^py 

Cawing, n. -^^%mm, ig^lUi^lllS- 

Cawk, Cauk, n. Sulphate of baryta, l^fMMf^'^^ 


Caxou, 11. fl^il^. 

Cavenne poppei', ?i. Capsicum, '^i^, ^^, ^tj|C, 

Cayman, u. w;j,^, jjiffi . 

Cazie, Cazique, * n. The title of a king or chief 


Ceduous, a. Fit to be felled, pj"fj>, pfDC. 

Ceil, v.t. To cover the inner roof of a building 
with boards. f!X-^m.'^M^\^- 

Ceiled, pp. or a. tTi^^ttitS- 

Ceiling, ppr. Covering the top of a room or build- 
ing with boards, fX%f{f|S- 

Ceiling, n. The upper horizontal or curved surface 
of an apartment, opposite the floor, 5^:^t'K,>^ 
mU. ^ t- M- ■^^ ^. ^ ; ">e inside planks of 
a siiip, ISMiS- ■ f'K- 

Ceiliuged, a. Furnished with a ceiling. if%^^ 

Celandine, n. A plant, swallow-wort, ^j^s'ii, * 

Celature, «. Tlie art of engraving, ^^ ; the act 
of engraving, HllJ^. 

* Medbuist. 


( 210 ) 


Celebranf, n. One who performs a imlilic roligioiis 
act, frl|jjifv<? : a priost of (he Koman Calliolic 
Chinvh, %i|iipiii^. 

Celoliialo, r. t. To praise, m^, Wm^^^M^, 
^H- fflJi;: 5lUM^' iiJi ; *o make famous, 
i^'m.^, $^'n^- t'l celebrale divine service, 
f V±*, # If- Ji •^- # # -h ■%• ; <o celebrale a 
festival, f^ ti, •§ gfi, n B- ^BW- lo eele- 
Ijralo a liirthday, i'](^B , WiWM- fiA'r.'M® ; ♦" 
celebrate the emieror's birthday, Hlj^^-Jif^ 

Celebrate], pj^.ova. Praif^ed, sf ^ii. !^fi il, 
ii|ltj"S; celebrated, as a festival, jl^-,^. ff--Ri ; 
famous, ^m, W^> «'A^^|!i:-, B^-i\^Z^ .SHl, 
ii^; a celebrated sciiolar, ^ig. ^±, ^ff? 
P^EIg^fg; a celebrated statesman, :^ gi. 

Celebrating. ppr.'Praising, |i^^, ii^li'f ; celebrat- 
ing, as divine service, f^-- ; celebrating, as a fes- 
tival, ff,]^, il, fr- 

Celebration, n. Solemn performance. 17^1*-^, 
ffii^^, ili^- ;■ celebration of one's birthday, f/jij: 
^H^; piniee, 5ii|. ii^^.lSulS^: the 
celebration of tlie Lord's sii|ipi'j-, [m];^!!?^^. 

Celebrions, a. Eeuown"d, Ig'g''^. ffsSS- 

Celebrity, n. Fame, ig-l, ssOrl- i/-^$f- W'j^ll. 
nW3.^ Z % : to 1 -^^ =1 (^'Ifbrity. :^#^ ,> A ; 
a world wide celebrity, ^^\%B\H-- ^#%T- 

Celeria, n. A variety of telery. which see. 

Celerity, n. Eapiditv of motion or movement, ^^ 

ik- t^I- ^M- ^m^^ t^ti^ lit:- fR1i>i, iS 

ji- 1?'lt- fHf : to do thina-s with celeritv. f,^ 

Celery, n. /f ^, Jgg;- -^/F^^ ^^^^ ^- if ; ^vild 
celery, m\^- * 

Celestial, a. Heavenly. XU'^, %%, %\M-W,% 
fi^jJi^C'sr^t'-f^; ce'.eslial Idessings. ^fis. ^ 
P^fg; celestial mesfeiigers (angels), 5C'K; f'-' 
lestial spirits, ^fiji ; celestial ruler, ^ij?; celes- 
tial globe, %J^. 5cfil. W^JJ^-; celestial 
stems, or horary cLaraeters, 5v"F ! the celes- 
tial dynasty, %^JJ ; celestial emperor, %^ ; 
celestial court, %^ ; celestial king, 5d ; <"'C- 
lestial mountains, XlU • celestial steps, Jil%\ 
celestial decree (fate), "^i^; celestial signs, % 
%; celestial phenomena, %i%, M i%. JiJC : 
celestial doctrine or truth, %j§.'::^ti^ ; celestial 
endowments, or tlie [irinciple of truth given to 
man, %M, Ji\^\ celestial, or from heaven, ^ 
l^fi^i ^l^-f^; the relestial principle Lecomes 
the male, and the (ei'restrial principle (he fe- 

* Medhurst. 

male, ti=M.)k ^ i'll 5IfjSc^ ; celestial horizon, 
%'S:l^^^; celestial perspecdve, ^fS^. 
Celestial, n. An inhabi(ant of heaven, \i,%^, 

Celes(ialize, v.t. To make celesdal, i[A^%%, -ft 

Celestialized, p^;. Made celestial, ^%^^V^, -ffcil 

Celestially, adv. In a heavenly or transporting 
manner, ^I'tfi, — ||-%M,>5i ar^J- 

('eles(in, Celestine, n. In mineralogy, native sul- 
phate of strontian, ^M- 

Celiac, a. Pertaining to the lower bellv or intes- 
liiies, TUg. 

Celiljacy, n. An unmarried state, ^i^"^, ^M. 
^,'-^'B^-i^^ T'^ (male), f;'$ t'^^jjl female), 

Celiba(e, n. A person who is unmarried. ^IJ:^^, 

T>'iJf;, fen*, ini- 

Celidography, 7(. A description of spots on the 
disk of the sun, or on planets, El JiMA'SE' frM 

Cell, n. A small or close apartment, as in a ]irison, 
&c., ^fj-, )h'^ ; a cottage, ■^, >]\/J ; a cave, 
5\^, -{In] ; a small cavity in (he ground, ^ ; cells 
of the pericarp, in which seeds are lodged, fn 
t", tM; cells of ajiive,_|^;g>!!^S: HlIM; 
cells of convents, T\^^, (Wi^ ; cells for literary 
candidates, 1^^, ji^'-^; the cave of a recluse, 

Cellar, n. A room under a house or other building 
used as a repcsKory, '^, Hj,'^}, $'#• -^ ; a ^''i*^ 
cellar, ^, ^@'^" ; a cellar for curing fish, :Jg^. 

Cellarage, n. Charge for s(orage in a cellar, ^^ 

Cellaret, n. A case of c.a))inet-work for holding 

bottles of liquor, fg^. f^'^. 
Cellarist, Cellarer, n. An officer in a monastery 

who has the care of the cellar, ^'-S^-. 
Celliferous, a. Pearing or producing cells, ^^ 

Cellular, a. Consisting of cells, ^f(^, %%, WrM '■• 
the cellular (issue of jdants, J^^t^ff J cellular 
dropsy, iKM- 

Olluliferous, a. Producing little cells, ^'^ff. 

Cellulose, a. Containing cells, ^gPff, ;^g^. 

Celosia cristala, «. ||!i|£ft:- 

CelsKude, v. Height, 7^', 'jfj:^. 

Cehic, a. Pertaining to the jirimitive inhaliitants 
of the South and Vest of Europe, S'lEti^^- 

Celtic, n. The language of (he Celts, [ilj^ijl'i'jiji'i-. 


( 220 ) 


Cement, n. Mortar, ^^^t^; a glutinous substance, 
capable of uniting bodies in close cohesion, p, 

English cement, ^^Pijb- 
Cement, v.t. To unite by the application of matter 
that produces cohesion of bodies, f-}ii^, I^S. 
ifJlfi,^; to cement tJiera, Jiljf ffi'i^ ; to ce- 
ment with mortar, i^^liJ<i'p'iM f^^; to cement 
friendship, t^^,^HM; to unite closely, ^ 

Cement, r. i. To unite or become solid, ^^, itiS 

Cementation, n. The act of cementing, f^jj!^-, 
mS.^^ W^^ mM^ Wmnm^ ; the cem- 
entation of iron into steel, J^if^-; the cem- 

V entation of porcelain, '^^^.■ 

Cementatory, a. mM^']- mnM- 

Cemented, fp.oxa. 'If/itlift. ^ffiil : united by 
mortar, yjMvyfiSM^ 'i''mly "uitcd, ||-^^, 
JfiSiiM; consolidated, ^*i§K. 

Cementer, n. The person that cements, -^ij?^ ; 
the thing that cements, |^Jl±.!f^. 

Cementing, ffr. or n. Uniting by cement, f^if. 
"^m^ if M, 'li?i!!fi ; uniting closely, MffiiTM- 

Cemetery, n. A place where the dead bodies of 
human beings are buried, l/tM, \i{^,M^M. 
M^ llJli- i^M'- ilfe'Sc- Pi; '1 family cemetery, 
$t;^. tt^; =^ r"'^l'c cemetery, H:^. ^M; 
the Christian cemetery, i^l^. 

Cenobite, n. One of a religious order who live in 
a convent, or in community, ^5l?f- #fi^'- 

Cenoby, n. A place where persons live in com- 
munity, ^Jt^, ^, ?^,fi?^. 

Cenotaph, «. A monument erected to one who is 
buried elsewhere, '^'^. ^JI, ^^^si^- iM- 

Cense, v.t. To perfume with odours from burning 
substances, ^#. 

Censer, n. A vase or pan in which incense is 
burned, ^^§_, ^Hi; a set of censers, stands, 
&c., — |l]#^; a set of a censer and a jar, ^l 
IS; a swinging censer, rliM- I/eM: Hk' copper 
censors, sold as curiosities, llnjiji';, $[»J[nj. 'M.^- 

Censing, ppr. Perfuming with odours. *>^§. 

Cension, n. A rate, tax, or assessment, ^. ^fjnj. 

Censor, n. One who is empowered to examine all 
manuscripts and liooks, before they are com- 
mitted to press, Pj^fi'^, ^tie'g'; an Imperial 
censor, * '^^, ^JP ^ :^ ^ ; censors in attend- 

* Historiographers wliosc duty it is to record and criticise 
the doings of the emperor, under whom they hold their 
otiice, are censors to His Imperial.Majesty. 

ance on the emperor, f# f^ |^, |S4'f# tfilA 5 
censor in waiting, inWi^'M^ '■> censor to His 
Imperial Majesty, 3$"^, "b'^! ^^^ given to 
censure, ^^^, if^^'- 
Censorate. 7!. •^'^'?|5c; 'ho tribunal of the cen- 
sorate, ^JP^'^ ; keeper of records in the censor- 
ate, |^^i)#; in the censorate, ;^^. 
Censor-like, a. Censorious, ^^|j|^ ; austere, ||tl'- 
Censorial, Censorian, a. Belonging to a censor, or 
to the correction of public morals, IfgTKj. |g 

Censorious, a. Addicted to censure, ^-^fi^ ; apt 
to blame or condemn, ^t w^^- ^taf fii iif If '^• 

Censoriously, adv. In a censorious manner, s^*'^, 

Censoriousness. n. Disposition to Ida me and con- 
demn, ^n^. nmnM, n^m^- 

Censorship, ??. The office or dignity of a censor, 

Censual, a. h'elaling to a census. }\^f^^^. 
Censuralile, a. lilamable. PTi/f f^, ffTftfl^, nflS 

Censurableness, n. I'lamableuess, Pf^^, Pj",^ 

Censurably, adv. ^^^, RJ^. 

Censure, n. The act of lilaining or iinding fault, 

m^- n£^, 1^, «ss, IP A ^, tt^^^. 

Censure, v. t. 'J'o blame, ^, 

1^ ; to censure by judicia 
Censured. j'P- Blamed, J^ 

Censuring, ppr. Blaming. 

sentence, ^p. 

#«, ttT> 

Census, n. An enumeration of the inhabitants 
taken by public authority. Jl CIM- K;^:, i^fff-. 
If'ilifJfkli.Jfli'ilill/iSJSjf ; to take a census, 

Cent, )!. A hundred, "g"; per cent, tlllBH; five per 
cent, — "jg"lltaL. r?'g"^lil3if@: live i>er cent 
commissicm. 2L;^jfl ; a i-eni (coin), — ^;5tn3f' 

Centage, n. Eate ))y the cent or hundred, llftjf^. 
Centaur, n. A fabulous Ix'ing, suppo.sed to be half 
nmn and half iiorse, A,R?j- ^X^M, ^A^ 

Centauri/.i'. r. /. To be a man and act like a brute, 


( 221 ) 


Centaury, n. A plant, :^:^, ;^^9H. 
Conlonnrinn, n. A person a hiindi'cd years old, ^ 

Conlonnrv, n. The nmnber of a hundred '^^, — 

Centenary, n. Eelating to a hundred, — "gfi''^, "g" 

Cefttenial, a. Consisting of a hundred years, "g" 
rfp^-; pertaining to a hundred years, or hap- 
pening every hundred years, "@"i|!j''^, "g":fp%- 

Center, Centre, * 7!. r^,f\'^,f^)^\'^f^,p;^:ik; 
in the eentre, '^f\^ ; the very cenlie, JE'^, 4* 
]£; the centre of a target, ^j;>5' ■Q'tfKj; "'^ 
centre of a house, M^"' JM ; '^'^ centre of the 
fill''!', ii{!)L-, Jii!J^4''C> : the four cardinal points 

. and the centre, H:^"4':^; *'i6 centre or axle, 
ifOs ; the centre of a circle, ^,\j. ; the centre of 
the glolic, Jlf^jjj.; the centre of an army, ^ 
rju ; centre of gravity, i£t^,'^i\^, ^"^iij'.f^f^ii- 
Irc of oscillation, ^^tij^; center of suspension, 
^;|i!i; center of magnitude, 4* ^ij-; J^*ij' ; 1" 
unite in a centre, 'g-j/^rfijij., #1^+; to rest 
in the centre, fJI^g^ifijijN, f^lj'^r^; to place in 
the centre, ^^r\,,^^. ^:^4i>i^, ; to hit the 
centre f]r\i, t^^ ; center bit, :^|||, fj|J^. 

Center, Centre, r. t. To jilace on center, [fl i| §^ 
rf'.liff — if. ■&ffi— ^ ; to centre one's aflec- 
lions. f^^:j;^,Kfi^;r,^. 

Center, Centre, v. i. To be placed in the middle. 

Cent re-bit, n. An instrument turning on a centre, 

for boring holes, f.ili|||. 
Centered, Centred, fp. Collected to a point or cen- 

Centering, n. In architecture, the temporary form 
on which an arch is supported during its con- 
struction, tfli#- 

Centering, Centring, ■ppr. Placing on the centre, 
f.-l^'t'. FL^'t'>i:-> ; collecting to a point, ^^ 

Centesimal, n. The hundredth, — "g";^— , 'g'cfi 

Ccntcsimntion, 5?. A military punishment for de- 
sertion, mutiny, or the like, where one person 
in a hundred isi^electcd for execution, "g"4'+[tl 

Cenlicipilor.s. n. Having a hundred heads, "g"-^ 

_^- "stm- 

* Though's orthography is the most correct one, 
wp have tVillowpil the mode ot" spelling this word as is gen- 
erally adopted in England and America. 

Centifidons, a. Divided into a hundred parts, ^— 

Ceutifulious, a. Having a hundred leaves, "g"!^ 

Centigrade, a. Having a iiundred degrees, "g"]^ 
^; centigrade tiiermomeler, "gj^^^^fj- 

Centigramme, n. Tlie hundredth part of a gramme, 


Centiuie, n. The hundredth part of a franc, f^^ 

Centimeter, Centimetre, n. The hundredth part of 
a metre, 0^^. f 

Centimorbia, n. "^^M- 

Centinodia, n. Centinody or knot grass, T"j^- 

Cenliped, Centipede, n. A scolopendrn, 'g'j^, ^ 
fc\ *HP!lti; !>rolopendvci sruti</cni. i$i^, ^gf, 
^!l, M!^; sentipede siirub', il-ll!}^]^:. 

Centner, n. A weight divisible first into a hund- 
red parts and then into smaller ones, — -'g"?^ 

Central, a. delating to the centre, rf^P^.^J^PIf^^j 

Fb1(3^, lE+'ii'. •+*- ffi + ' '^4": containing the 
centre, pfj,>i:> ; central Ibrces, ^^jj^rfi^ );,(^ 
MWl'^l} ; central mean upper focus, y^,^ 
r{t||!i; Central Asia, |f H. 4»iiIiWiI5 ; the cen- 
tral road, 4*^1: a, central line, 4'^; central 
parts of the body, 3£.^- 
Centralitv, n. Tiie state of lieing central, 4*^1 

Centralization, «. The act of centralizing, ggjj* 
4"^. -^11^/$+^'; tlie centralization of power' 

Centralize, v. t. To draw to a central point, ggjjf* 

^FbI, ^M^\'jM, ¥Am-i&, ?riiI4'^- 

Centrally, adv. AVith regard to tlie centre, 4'<C> 
6-1, 4»l'^, Wi\^; in a central manner, ^t^, 

Centric, a. Placed in the centre or middle, f^^, 

Centrifugal, a. Tending to recede from the centre, 

I§ft4'*- ^^4'!^^NJJ£4'7}^'4. ^^^m^- ii 

t^jji^^h; centrilugal.force, Uhijij- A'^lR 
^htU-m^-^h^ihmm^U^m^l'^ij : ill 
botany, expanding first at the summit and later 
at the base, like a flower, -^PflilK'^fl^. BIj^t^ 

Centripetal, a. Tending towards the centre, |^pf» 

frj, m^u^ \k^h^^, m^hM'¥, |j^^hl?ii4» 






■ M, ;R^ + ft-i; centripetal force, \i])\j'tl, ^ 
f\'^'J], :l<^'^^ij ', in botany, eximiuling 
first at tlio base and al'lorwards at the siimmit, 
as a flower, Bm^m^U- 

Centnmvir, n. ; 2^'- Centuiiiviri. A name given to 
certain judges .'.elected in ancient Eonie, by the 
pra'tor, to decide cuniinon causes among the 
people, ^-§1, ^Mti- 

Ccntumvirate. i?. Tlie office of a centumvii", ^p} 

Centuple, a. A hundroil fold. ^^"§"1'^. "g"[-g, ^— 

Centuplicate, r. t. To make a hundred fold, 

Centurial, a. Relating to a century, "g";^!'^. 
Centuriate, v. t. To divida into hundreds, :J}I)i)-^ 

Ceniuriator,Cenlurist. n. An historian who distin- 
guishes time into centuries, lK'g"j|i±,!£. ,^ 

Centudon, n. -^ji^. -g-f. W^G- ^GiS- 1"^ 

Century, n. A hundred years, — "g"ip : a company 
consisting of a hundred men, — [if^-E, s^|— 'g" 

Cephalic, a. Pertaining to the head, yJiP^, sKfi^ ; 

the cephalic arteries, D|1I'|?H*b^ 
Cephalic, n. A medicine for headaclie, tJfi^ifijS- 
Cephalopod, «. ||ji, "tii^. 
Cephalopodic, Cephalopodons, a. Pertaining to the 

cephalopodous moUusea, ^^j, -^-^.j!!. [SI- 
Cephus, n. A water fowl of the dujk kind, jEf i|!,| 
Cepola, n. A fish of a species of the genus acan- 

thnptertjgii, called red band-tish, ^i^-,f(i. 
Ceraceous, a. Wax-like, fyiil!, flifyJifS. ; partaking 

of the nature of wax, W^U- 
Cera m by X, n. '^llijV 
Cerasin, n. Any guimny substance which swells 

in cold water, but does not readilv dissolve in 

it, m3% 

Cerasite, n. The native muriateof lead,Ii|]5|'?-^|&. 
Cerastes, n. A genus of poisonous African serpents 

with small horns, ^-^it- ff/'^K- 
Cerate, n. A thick kind of ointment, composed of 

wax and oil, with otiier ingredients, it^i^l^j 

Cerated, a. Covered witli wax, !l!|f|[i^', J; 
Geratrin. n. The liitler jiriiieipie in Iceland moss, 

Cerbera cliinensis, n. f>^l^\^. 

Cerberus, n. In mytholegy, a monster in the form 

of a dog, who guarded the entrance to the in- 
fernal regions, ifcc, ^M^S- 

Cercis silirjuastrum, n. ^jfi]. 

Cere, v. t. To cover with wax, ±jl'§,. 

Cereal, a. Pertaining to edible grain, as wheat, 

Cerealia, n.pL Edible grains, 2l|3, "^H- 

Cerebellum, n. The little brain, jMj^], )]4$y^. 

Cerebi"al, Cere))rine, a. Pertaining to the cereb- 
rum, or brain, ggfi^, 1%^U\ anteroir and pos- 
terior celebral arteries, lifllfMIKl^- 

Cerebrum, n. The brain, §^, |(g^^-; the front and 
larger part of the brain, iSj^M?^- 

Cerecloth, n. A cloth smeared with melted wax or 
with some glutinous matter, \^'{\i. 

Cored, fp. Spread over with melted wax, Jii^ftl- 

Cerement, «. Clothes dipped in melted wax, M^li. 

Ceremonial, a. Eclating to ceremony, or external 
rite,jjif g|!'|5t,f|iC]fi; formal, /^jjif : observant 

of old iovm^,%i^mi\'i- t'.]i*,-ijiftfi^, m-ii%¥^\ 

ceremonial dress, jp*/lU, |^MK 

Ceremonial, n. Outward form, $f0, |i|)i:, ^hH ; 

the book containing the rules prescrilied to be 

observed on solemn occasions, jjiffl-". |§iVtf,)jigf|g 

^^ ; the Classic Book of Ceremonial, ^ISB- 

Ceremonially, adv. In a ceremonial or formal 

^ manner, jlBlil, m^^^, ^W^- \'^- 

Ceremonialness, )). Ceremonial, ipfj^'^, '^l^^ 

Ceremonious, a. Full of ceremonv.or solemn forir.s,' 

mm\'i- ^wm, mm, ^itim^Mrtim, m 

fliifKj; according to the rules and lorms pre- 
served or customarv, BM. Eff^iM-'^WM-Vt 

Sf «; eivil, mM.m, :#Mh'j- iiWr^M, m^ 

m^- l"0 o) servant of lorms. ±m¥U, WUi. 

S*II^> U^Bi^'M, ^ffi&^U- tit) not be so cere-- 

monious, ^f ^fujifift'. 
Cerenioniouslv, adv. In a cci'emonious manner, 

Efiil; with due form, tilfi*. mmM- 
Ccj-emoniousncss. n. The use cf customary forms, 

§;jS§^-; great formnlilv iu manners, ISfril 

Ceremony. ». Outward rite, jpfg;. IM- jptli',!! 
% ; forms of civility, jljj^g ; pomp, ^-ij'f-, ^M,,- 
34-^1^-; court ceremony, ^jj||; ceremony of pres- 
entation to a prince. ^i| : do not stand upon 
ceremony , 1(h ;f, ^^j jpf . ^p ij- Ug j!^ . T> 5i^ i^ • T' 
^/ijlf : non-olservance of ceremony. Z^i"}lfM' ^ 
ViW'^ '■ intimates need not cling to ceremony, 
S^>^>)J# : "I'ister of ceremony, i.%i-^, ^Jil 
^i : great uias'er of ccreuionies, ^'cJllJiil!- :k.^ 




Cereolifo, n. W,^- 

Cereous, a. fi^gi, mM^- 

Ceres, n. lii iiivlhology, the goddess of corn, f^ 

matter is a certainty, /E^;?:^i, +M— *$£; to 
know witli certainty, 'j^^, !£^; it is a cer- 
lainfy, "Mm, m^- ' 

fifg, lii, fiS£; one of the asteroids, )]^ Cerles, «(?r. Certainly, ^W. ;g5^, JBLlJ. 

Cereiis, n. ipi|!fl!j^. 

Ceria, n. %'^'f^. 

Cerite, n. ^gj. 

Cerium, ?i. A metal discovered in Sweden, in 

mineral cerite, ^!gj. 
Cerographical, a. Pertaining to corography. 

Cerographist, n. One who is versed in cerograjihy, 

Cerography, n. A writing on wax, ^IMil^ ; the 
art of engraving on wax, )iiKl!]lM^^- 

Ceroma, n. That part of the ancient baths and 
gymnasia in which bathers, etc., used to anoint 
themselves with a composition of oil and wax, 

■ m^^- 

Ceromancy, n. Divination Ijy drop])ing melted 
.' wax in water, ^ijij^ [t.-J|». 
Ceroon, n. A bale made of skins, — til^'lj- 
Ceroplastic, n. The art of forming models in wax, 

Cerrial, a. Pertaining to the ce)-;'iV,or bitter oak. 

Certain, n. That cannot be denied. Jg^. J^, — 

fefi^.ff 11^. 4ST>5£. ^T>ff:- M^I'f- Mt- m. 

■ % nB: MM- ^M •• t" 1 ^' f''i-taiii of, or have 
no doubt. ^^. 5£^. ^ffS, toll. _:g:f,|.: 
]dain. BJff;; unfailing, fffg, £<i:.ff: ; really 
existing, ^^ ; certain of victory, i^y^jf. ^"tM; 
established and settled, ^^; particular. :J,C, 

* />- W- :^; I have no certain abode, ^^^ 
m^ nBfii±±: a certain truth, •^'g^ni. 


certain news, 

I am 

■; certain to go there, ^ ^"f ^ -^ (/i ; a certain 
quantity, ^fH- '^M : ^ certain thing, ^^; 

-=--a certain persou. ^ A, ^ Ai W A : f* eertain 
person asked, Ti^j^: a certain person said, j^ 
mm h %l ; a certain day, ;^ g , ^ g , gj^l. 

■■ H- 

Certainlv, adv. ,^,*K. -gpp. H^K. ^^/c, fi^*K, g 

;£. ^*«. lE^. fmx-m%- It^- 5Ef?:. I^^ ; 

it certainly is so, •^f^;|i]^; it is certainly him, 

ffi/lffe : i»''St certainly, jgyllJf^ 
Cerlainness, n. Certaiutv, which see. 
Qertaintv, «. Truth. ^W-^^^- M^! FtW^, 


Certificate, n. A written tcsliuionv not sworn to. 

Custom House certificate of duties to be piaid, 
■J^lif^S^lr" ; coastwise tonnage cert ilicate, ^ij; 
^nS; coast trade duty exemption certificate, 
J@i;.J^-^1^mi;e-'^<''np'ion certificate grant- 
ed at Shanghai, ±. Jg fJ^.J ?l ,^ 5^ 1 1^ ^ «?. ; 
drawback cert ificate,^]|? ; cert ilicate of a travel- 
ing priest, ;1 )[3| ; certificate of health, ^^ 
iSlft ; certificate of shares, JK^/lK; barrier 
certificate, ^M'ii'MM- 
Certificate, v.t. or /. To give a certificate, ^^ 

;f. ». 1 m m W^ ^J -# ;S m ; to verity by 

certificate, ii]^'.^, AL'Mt- 
Certificated, pp. Verified by certificate, ^|&ig^ 

Cerlificatinff, yy/jj-. Furnishing with a certificate, 

Certified, pp. ox a. Testified to in writing, ^]^'M 
S, ni^mW- SlSlii- ml ; made eertain, iC 
'A'MW., Ai&mm^ Iffii^ ; informed, ,^-§ P 

Certifier, u. One who certifies, ^'M^^, t4f^ 

Certify, r. /. To testify to in writing, ^^:§.W^ 
M^^'W '■ to niake known or establish a fact, 

Amw- ii«. :*tii- ff^ffi, mm, mm. ^m, 

"=PJ]: to give certain information to, fJJ^^, 
i^^'^^'Um'-, to give certain information of, 

Certifying, j^pr- Giving a written testimony, ^ 
IS^Wm^ fl-fi&iifl-'; giving certain notice, f^ 
|g; making cartainly known, ilMi^, jtKiS> 

Certitude, n. Certainty, ff:^^?^, 'g^^f^- 
Cerule, a. Blue, -^^fe, ^^, ^g,, %^., 5ct &■ 
Cerulean, Ceruleous, a. Sky-coloured, ^fefl^. 
Cerulific, n. Producing a blue or skv-colour, ^^ 

Cerulin, «. Indigo dissolved in sul[diuric acid, 

used in dying Saxon blue. :g^l^SJtJ- 
Cerumen, n. The wax or yellow matter secreted 

by the ear, IfS^. 5/?! ; defective cerumen, ^ 

If ; excessive cerumen, J^iT-. 
Ceruse, n. AVhile load, |&|9-', 'g^, ^^, ^|{>#. 
Cerused, a. Washed with a preparation of white 



(224 ) 


Cervical, a. Belonging to the noL-k, fM6-J, M ^^; 

cervical vertebra, !?{•§•, ^ll'l-, M'^-tB- 
Cervine, a. Pertaining to tlie animals of the 

genus cerin?, ]^%, IfEA^j. 
Cesarean, a. Tlie ces'irean operation is the taking 

of a child from the womb bv cutting, §ij ti| gf; 


Cespititious, a. Made ot turt, iftj^^l'^-. 

Cess, n. A rate or tax, j^. 

Cess, V. t. To rate or lay a tax, ;^|H., t[ti|g;. 

Cess, Cesse, adv. Out of all cesse, or excessively. 

Cess-pool, n. J^, 7KJ^. }^^. 

Cessant, a. Intermitting action, T^jjlljj lL''M- 

Cessation, n. jhS, ^'^^ ±,1.^-, f'^Jh^-- ^^ 
^, W.^'^^ t)M^- ; cessation of arms, ±=f^. 
i$^X-M- ?:S:ST>^: cessalion from work,fg 
X, ff X, mjL, ?ik^, Mf^, iK^, AiX. wx 
^S^% f?.ll"X. 

Cessavit, «. In law, a writ given by statute to 
recover land, when the tenant or occupier has 
ceased for two years to perform the service, 
which constitutes the condition of his tenure, 

Cesser, n. A neglect to perform ser\ice or pay- 
ment for two years, :T'-'^$i^^J'^- 

Cessibility, n. The act of giving wav, 1^^, Pj'j^ 
T'^, Pr^t;ie'eding, P]-5gg-." 

Cessible, a. nflg, pflg, pjj^., Pjjg. 

Cession, «. Transfer. ^^•^, ^^^- ; a yielding, 
or surrender, as of ))ro}ierty or rights to an- 

. other person, glqg, l^-g, ^'^; retreat, =R^-, 

• jI M il 1^ ; tlJG cession of Hongkong to, f^ ^. 

Cessionary, a. Having surrendered effects, 

Cessment, n. Assessment of tax, which see. 

Cessor, n. In law, he that neglects, for two years, 
to perform the service by which he holds land, 
&c, X-^-^^J^ ; an assessor of taxes, ■fe'^^. 

Cest, n. A lady's girdle, ^A±.^^- 

Cestracian zebra, n. fjii^"^. 

Cestus, n. The marriage girdle, g|!^^. 

Cesura, n. A pause in verse, so intrtduced as to 
aid the recital, and render the versification more 
melodious, f^i|P. 

Cetacea, n.p/., Celaiean, ?i. In natural history, 
terms ajiplied to the order of cetaceous animals, 
Sv.filfivi ; marine mammalia, ii)j|?}^. 

Cetaceous, a. Belonging to the whale kind, .SJ^ 

Cethareum arabuin, n. ^M^- 
Cetic, a. Pertaining to the whale, By-.^.TKi- 
Cetin, n. Pure Spermaceti, LjiifJI. 
Cetological, a. Pertaining to cetology, ^<S\^M- 
Cetologist, n. One who is versed in the natural 
history of the whale and its kindred animals, 

Cetology, 7i. The doctrine or natural history of 
cetaceous animals, .l^iCflMl^- 

Cetonia, ?i. ^M-p- 

Chad, 71. A kind offish, ^^. 

Cliaitodon, «. A green and yellow banded chteto- 
d(in, y^l^||;chretodon, greenish, spotted black, 
■^aJ ; cliictodon, yellow, black band aeross the 
head and tail, filf Q-^hj^; chsetodon, long finned, 
body broader than long, brown banded, f^^; 
chretodon, silvery ash, ^^,^\; chtelodon green- 
ish, with dark stripes, ^^•, chajtodon black- 
ish spotted, operculum scaly, back fins square, 
M^^: cjiietodon, body roundish, banded grecn- 
isli, IR^. 

Chafe, v.t. To excite heat by friction, JgijJiJ^.'X 
ijWl< ^f^ ; ^0 excite inflammatii)n by friction, 
mz ; to make angry, %%ja, -(^if^,, fj^ja., ^^, 
PJ;i*^ Wfa'' ^1^-' Jl5^' ^io- ; <''L' wind chafes 
the ocean, M,M.^&'> ^o perfume, ^§. 

Chafe, r. i. To be excited or heated, ^r^,, jg-^>t ; to 
act violently upon, M^iU'^BJm-kU ; to 
fret against, as waves against a shcie, ^jj. 

Chafe, n. Heat excited by friction, i^ljHil^, ^ 
^; violent agitation of the mind or passions 

Chafe-wax,'«. JBrfl^^- 

Chafed, pp. or a. m&1f^^, WAM- ^i^^^- 

Chafer, n. One who chafes, ^^*^-. '^*^,^,j& 

Chafer, «. A leetle, fp^. 

Chafery, ?i. In iron works, a forgo where the 
metal is sulijected to a welding heat, *X^- 

Chaff, )i. The husk or dry caivx of corn and grass- 
es, ^, m^ m±.&'fc, n^'^- n.m^m ■■ ^I'-^gs 

and chaff, ^ ; chaff of rice, ■:^^, >jtft* ; chaff 
of wheat, |^i^; refuse, f^ ; a worthless matter, 

Chafi-ball, n. j^. f^, ^fi- 

Chaff-cutter, »i. A machine for cutting up chaff, 
Chatl-wecd, n. A plant, f^^- 
Chaffer, r. (■. To treat about a purchase, ^®, "^ 

Chafferer, n. One who chaffers, ^±Sffi,> f^3^ 




Chaffering, ppr. or a. Bargaining, gf (M ; fi buyer, 


Cliaffinrb, n. ^M>):l%,^U'MfA 

Cliaffless, „. ^Mi^U, ^ttJ- 

CliafiV, a. 1/il.e clmir, ^9^, iiHf, ^1%^ : l"!' oi 

Cliafing, 2>P>'- Wanning or Irelting iiy IViclion, 

-|5ljfijft ; vexing or Irelting liie mind, )|i<^*. 
Cljating-disii, n. 'mi, tlllM> ^S- ^fe i^CS- 

Chagrin, n. Voxalion, H^, 1^3^, 1 (11. til' 3^, 'il- 
l's^^- -^iSi^- ll^' 1^3^' 'IJ-i^' ^'ii'' 

Chagrin, v.t. To oxeite ill-jiiiniour in, i^^„ i|i 
Chagrined, pp. \oxvd, >5pnf|^R, it^PJ^lJi, ,1^^, 

Chain, 7). fi, j^:t, — (t^JIM ; •' gold chain, ^ 
fil ; au iron chain, ^^^ ; a walcli chain, 0M ; 
a chain for prisoners, ^'g| ; chains of a ship, || 
H; a chain-piimp, yKM, fj^4^, iff t^ ; ''li'iin 
armour, 3®]^fp, if-^fp '. '^ '•I'^iu of hills, iljlp 
|I||f, UH, ll!&, liiii; a chain of mountains, ^ ; 
a faslening, M^, |^; carved chainwork, |i| 
^";5[l; 'be warp in weaving, ^,^; a chain 
of Ihoughls, i^^; (o kneel on chains (a mode 
of (orlure), gjgfii; ; a land nieasuro of 60 leet 
and 100 links, —M- * 

Chain, v.t. To fasten with a chain, i!J{Mt^.i±, it. 

M, fMM ; ''bain the prisoner, ^;f±jQ A; chain 
him, flli'jgfg; to guard with a chain, Jl^fjiffp] 
{±,^:illii:-f(±; to unite, ii, iifi. 
Chain-shot, )?. Two balls connected by a chain, 
and used to cut down nmsts, or cut away shrouds 
and rigging, fi-fM, Mff^M, Ifi^^fS+Uji—Hj??. 
Chained, p2'- 01- «• i^MW^M^ lilSii, JWIifii- 
Chaining,^^,-. ymmii- tm-a^- 

Chainless, n. ^lifl^. 

Chair, 71. ^, ^^. —'j^^, Sl§; an'easy chair, 
^ i \ii , M- J' ^ '■: chairs with marble backs, 
ti/,^t*^; square arm-chairs, as used in public 
halls, a^i§ ; an arm-chair, ^^f-Jf. ^^^; 
a set of lacquered arm-chairs,— ^^-f^dJ^f^ ; an 
elbow-chair, —ijg^f^ ; a large slate chair, -_J; 
M^ ; a camp-chair, }^M \ a chair without 
arms, ig#tt ; a rattan chair, f^f|; a basket- 
chair, ^il'i; a shoulder-chair, ^ iW ; a sedan- 
chair, W:7—M^, WiT ; "" open chair, I3jj|g ; 
a mountain chair, Ui], i^ iJj ^ ; a close chair, 

nglTj, W*^; ^ bride's chair, ^1^, :fg.fl^; 

chair-bearers, |^|g^, Ifj^, $§gtt; a chair for 
eight bearers, A¥J> J<'\m\ '^ ride in a sedan- 
chair, ^fg; a chair hlind, l&H, ipljii ; tallies 
and chairs, ^fj^f ; bring a chair, W-^'jkW^ ; 
a two-wheeled carriage, ^,E^:^; a seat of justice 
or of authority, ^'iE^; a seat for a professor, 
^±±M.'> ^ speaker's chair, '^1%^^. 

Chair, i-. t. To carry publicly in a chair, in tri- 
umjdi, as a Kiijin, ^%j ; to chair, as a Hanlin, 
iS-^ffi; '0 chair as a successful candidate in 
England, -^MM^iij- 

Chairman, n. The presiding officerof an assemlily, 
^, '^ ^ , W. A, iWi^ \ 'be porter of a sedan- 
chair, |»gft, If^^. 

Chairmanship, n. -^U., '^■^±Mt- 

Chaise, ri. A two-wheeled carriage drawn by one 
horse, ,D^$, |g,^j3i- 

Chalcedony, 7K iPJ, B^3g|. 

Chalcedonyx, 77. A variety of agate, ^J^. 

Chalcite, n. Sulphate of iron, of a red colour, |f ?i^ 

Chalcography, n. J^^M, MfPfi]^- 

Chaldaic, a. Pertaining to Chaldea, ysW]BM(V-i. 

Chaldaisni, 77. Au idiom in the Chaldee dialect 

Chaldee, 77. The language of the Chaldeans, Ji^ji 

Chaldron, 77. A measure of coals consisting of 36 
bushels, or 77400 cubic inches, ^J^^-bf-H 

Chalice, n. A cup or bowl, %,^] a communion 
cup, ®gtT>. 

Chalk, 7i. Calcareous earth or carbonate of lime, 
>K^m, ^m, ti±, *0H'^; black chalk, M, 
j'Ji : red chalk, -fJ/J^ ; Erencli chalk or soapstone, 

Chalk, V. t. To rub with chalk, ±&'^, t^&^ ; 
to manure with chalk, f^Jjfi. 

Chalk-line, 77. fi^^, flM, #.^- 

Chalk-pit, 77. A pit in which chalk is dug, /iJ^JC- 

Chalk-stone, 77. A small lump of chalk, -^^'K^ 
^ ; a calcareous concretion in the hands and 
feet of men violently affected by the gout, jg 

Chalked, pp. Marked with chalk, ^>XSf-?;M- 
Chalkiness, 71. The state of being chalky, jj^^, 

Chalk V, a. Eesembling chalk, ^JM'^, ®6^, 

C C 

* mskt&- 


( 226 ) 


Challenge, n. A calling upon ono to fight in sin- 
gle combat, ^ m -£ t^ji m ^-^ w, m^w-fT' ^ 

. challenge to a public debate, ^gj^i^-. J7jf^ft|J 
^ ; a claim or dcmanfl made of a right or sup- 
posed right, ti^, tlM^\ i" hiw, an exce^- 
lion to jurors, T'/{|!!Sg^t?ili3S A±.|i:^- ; the 
letter conlaining the summons, °flc#'' 4S "#!(#'• 

Challenge, v. t. To call to a contest, |J^f^, ^^fJI, 
l?j?P, WA1< t?j^ ; hi challenge to a public de- 
bale, ^Sliif> Pi{-HJ#f!lx; to cliailenge a man's 
promise, Rlf-AM a"; '° challenge, as a sentinel, 

Challengeable, a. That may be challenged, p]^ 
ft P[«^Pi, Wm-^T; that may be called to 
account, WJf^IfiiJT^- 

Challenged, pp. or a. Call, d to combat or to con- 

■ t>'st,:pjif!|. tt-gPi; claim: d. ^J-i^.fjJSig; 
objected to, (irf4..i!!*^'6"ii-J?EAiV- 

Challenger, )i. One who challenges, ^°^^ ; one 
who claims superiority, ^E\W,^, Wi'^i^- 

Challis, a. A fine woolen fabric, used lor ladies' 
dresses, i]]^\\^. 

Chalvlieale. n. Impregnated with particles of iron, 

, mmh m^% ; elialybeato water, MlimiK- 

Cham, n. The sovereign prince of Tartary, usually 
written 'khan, fj'i^ %.^'\^^ •{^- ■ 

Chamade, n. i^tl^igi^. 

Chamber, «• M' W?> WTfI]: F^^, 'hW^f S"''fi' 
ehamlier, ^^. ; a bed-chamber, l[i;^,P|)5^, 
W^m^ Et'^' 5g^ ; a side-chamber, fH:, f^f^, 
^J!^; I^i'li • the side-chambers of an office, ^ 

• It'IuE; ante-chamber, P^^; chamber of au- 
dience, fl/Jg^; chamber al)Out fheconrt, ^,^; 
the nuptial chamber, •fln)^ ; any private ajiart- 
ment, as the jixlge's chamber, f^Sf; thecham- 

. ber of death, i^'fg, fi%,\ the chamber of the 
oar, IT--^' ; chamber of the eye, HCliif^ ; a place 

: where an assembly uu^els, •^'i^, •^fj^, 5VJ5f; 
the assemlily itself, ^, ^V^- the chamber of 
peers, l^ffi, t§K''^lDf ; the chamber of a gun, 

■ ^'S It, kits, }&k^m\ ^ powder-chamber, or 
bomb-ehaml)er, 'K^j^fi, 'fcW,''^-; the chamber 
of the mine, ii!i-g^a^^. 

Chamber, v. i. To reside in, i^fff, f;£, J^ ; to be 
wanton, J^:f7, j^^., t/Jfj^t; to indulge in lewd 
and immodest behaviour, li^^c, 'i^^, J^i^''^ 

Chamfier-couni-il, ;(. A private or secret council, 


Chamber-counsel, n. A counselor who gives his 
opinion in a private apartment, but does not 

advocate causes in court, n^Jl^fH, }f iifljij^. 
Chamber-fellow, n. One who slefjis in the same 

apartment, fii]M, fPlM/^, [plMtl^- 
Chamber-lamp, n. P^i^. 

Chamber-maid, n. A woman who has the care of 
chaml:er?, making the beds and cleaning the 
rooms, &c., ^•^, ^^4,1, i^^r, ^i^, i^j^. 
Chamber of Commerce, n. A board for the protec- 
tion of commerce, chosen from among the 
merchants and traders of a city, 1^ A^^ ', the 
assembly room of the Chamber of Commerce, 

Cliamber-pot, n. {^■$:, Wi'^l- 

Chamber-practice, n. The practice of counselors 
at law, who give their o]iinions in private, but 
do not appear in court, Pn 'il^lS^- 

Ciiamljered, pp. or a. Shut up, as in a chamber, 
"fe^'tiAjSW; divided into compartments 
by walls or partitions, f^i^W^ fi\WU- 

Chamberer, n. One who intrigues, A ; <^ne who 
indulges in wantonness, J-Jff ^■■ 

Chambering, v. Wanton, lewd, immodest behav- 
iour, m$m, mrr- 

Chamberlain, ■•■■ n. Imperial chamberlain of the 
bed-chamber, "fj^ff^j ; an officer charged with 
the diro^'tion and management of the private 
apartment of a monarch or noble, ^fg ; Lord 
chamberlain, p^t^'^; the great chamber- 
hii", dZm.', f>' so>"t of female chamberlain in a 
palace called ^|!//f- ; the person who has the 
care of the chambers in an inn or hotel, ^J^ 

Chamberlainship, n. The office of a chamberlain, 

Chnmbrel, n. The joint or bending of the upper 
jtart of a horse's hind leg, .tlW^I]'?- 

Chameleon, «. An animal allied to the lizard, 
with a naked body, a tail and four feet, ^g, 

Chameleonize, v.t. To change into various colours, 

Chamfer, v. t. To smooth down an edge, •i^,7f)J 

^ ; to channel, ^l^. 
Chamfered, p^;. or ci. Cut into fiu'rows, ^^%, ^ 

Chamfering, p/jc. Cutting a gutter in, Jli'f^X- 

Chamcecessus, n. j^iF^^I. 

Chamoidris, n. Vf'jjijyfi. 

Chamois, ?(. An animal of the goat kind, ^^, 

* In China tlie ;fcgj, RgST or •g'^f, i.e. eunuchs, are in 
charge of the various offices at court. 


( 227 ) 


i;^, llJ^ ; fbamois leather, '4i'^)k, lH ; the 
skiu of the cliamnis, j^f^; chamois horns, |f^ 

Chamomile, n. A bitter plant much used in medi- 
cine, it 't^Jft: ; ^\"'l'^ chamomile, jgf ^jij^t- 
Champ, V. t. To masticate, pg, |^ ; '^i devour, ^, 


Champ de Mars, n. J^-wC-ct^^- 

Chami)a michilia, v. '{'{■■in}'^-- 

Champagne, n. HflSiii> HHiS- 

Champaign, n. A l-ev(d open country, Jl'-iH, ^p-Ji^, 

Champed, j'p- Cliewcd, Pgfj^. 

Champignon, n. A kind ol edible mushroom, j^j, 

=tia-, #w> «■ 

Champing, ppr. pg^. 

Champion, ?!. A man who undertakes a comkiat in 
the place ofanother or in support ofa cause, i^ 
'M, ii.n,Wm^^ # AfS-^ ; a hero, -J^t|, ^ 
^, IJ-f*^ ; a brave suldier, ^J%M; tlif" ehamiiiou 
ol'the king, ■Xi^mM'irf^i>%m- 

Champion, v.t. To challenge to a combat, ^'|.!c. 

Championess, v. A female champion, -^j/t, 2^-3^ 

Championing, ppr. Challenging to combat, j^PJ. 
Championship, n. Stale of being a champion, ^ 

Chance, •». Accident or casualty, ft-PK||jp|j;-|j-, ^.^|. 

tM^ ^^f±^> :T^S±.^: 7«J]±^- :f JUi?!^ 
l"?^^-,1^??i±|r.,^„^H±|f.J^i;; bite, ^, 
JlS5i, 5l* ; 'jy *^^ii'""-^ iffiffi^' -iSffft, 1^^f; ; '^y 

a lucky chance, #fTr, i/|^, ftf#. i/iS>(t ; the 
chance of fortune, W^^M, iiH^M > ^o '^T '1^^ 
chance of war, ^l^i^ ; '''p chance of arms is 
uncertain, 8» M ^ h ; '" bike one"s chance by 
acting, StPTv ^P'F. jT^HJ: ^fi ; 1" bake one's 
chance by wailing, ^'^^. ^M^m,- 

Chance, v. i. To hapiien. f,T,.ilSjf.'i-\M^ ; '» chance 
to meet, 1^-;^, m^- ®3^, ^T^it^S^S TvHlllfi) 
iW, •;§ H?+0if- , ilJS'W 52i ; < he < hing may chance 
to happen, |T^)j!il-;j^'£- 

Chance-game, n. Hfiilt 

Chance-medley, ». ISIS A- mSA- frf^iftct A- 

Chanceable, n. Accideatal, casual, ffPjfff«. ^fJ|-ft'j- 

Chanceably, adr. §!^fSi- 

Chanced, pp. 1J^,'i[| : riiauced to meet liini, •(Jl!,-;iii ; 

he chanced upon the enemy, f^jKi^jJ ; the thing 

chanced to happen, ^fJj-^ljic. 
Chanceful, a. Hazardous, |$ffl^, p^>n|l;. 

Chancel, n. That ]>arl ofa church where the altar 
or communion table is placed, jfifV^jgl^Mil 

Chancellor, n. President ofa Board, "f^^; Lord 
Pligh Chancellor of Great Britain, ^/c^gM 
)^ ; in China, Chancellor of the Exchcc|uer, j5 
^|)fi1* ; High Chancellor, ±^±; the High 
Cliaucellor of the Inner Council, ^[HJ^^^d.' ! 
Ciiancellor of the Imperial Palace, g< ^ -j: ; 
Literary Chancellor, ^^, ^^, ^iX; Chan- 
cellor and Director of the Lnperial Academy, 
^^Wf/c.'$?jt^i±; Chancellors, Keeeivers of His 
Liiiii'rial .Majesty's pleasure and Membersof the 
Imperial Academy, ^:^^^f^ ^ ±7Rm ; Chancel- 
lors, Headers to His IMajcsly, and Membersof 
the Imperial Academy, jfi t-|: 15c f# sft ^^ ±,; 
Chancellors, Lecturers to His Imperial JMajestj', 
and Members of the Imperial Academy, tQW 
I5tf#If •'|i-i' ; Chancellor of a university, ^.'^^ 
^±. ^'IJ'f^fnjft-' ; chancellor, or judge ofa court 
of chancery, S^pI, Si^-ik- 

Chancellorship, n. The office of a chancellor, ^^ 

Chancery, n. In Great Britain, the highest court 

of justice, 5fl)^. [^. 

Chancing, ppr. Happening, ig;^, f£i^, ^^f], 1^ 

Chancre, ??. A venereal ulcer, :ff ; to have Ihe 

chancre, ^;JT. 
Chandelier, n. ij^l, M^, 'i'mM, ^^^'&- 
Chandler, n. '{H'^f^M , mW.; a general term for 
a dealer, -JjlKJilj, "^^ ; a shij^chandler, ^^ 


Chandlery, n. The commodities sold by a chand- 
ler, mn- 

Chandry, n. The place where candles are kept, j^ 

jar, @m- 

Chantrin, n. The fore part ofa horse's head, ^M. 

Change, v.t. To cause to turii or pass from one 
stale to another, ejcg. Ig t. H^i:- MVL- 2^4^, 
ifa- '\k^ t ; <o make different, * ejc, ^, ^h ;i.K ; 
to put one thing in the })lace of another, f^-, ^-, 
$|,iI^$l;M£il-> ^.#=tt; *o "se alternately 
i/k- ^^ Hi JS. ii> Wh, Jiffl ; to exchange, ^ 
^, ^-i^- ^^' +Jcll: ; to quit, as one place for 
another, \l^/,'^. %%%, %%. \% ; to change colour, 
ME. iii£ ; toc?hange to blush, ^j%, fftff^ % 

change Ihe style, t^\%\ to change the official 
dress, as is done on the change of seasons, f;^.^; 

* When ii5 is added, tlic sentev ;.^ is either in the imper- 
ative mood or in tlie past tense. 


( 228 


to change one's apparel, f^^.^'^, ^^^_iW, M dK 
!i^; to agree to change, Qf^., ^U ffl SM ; 

■ need not change it, P|f ^j^; to change Mexican 
cloUars, ^^1^ ; to change money, f^.MIS,tJl> 
M^IS ; to change copper cash, f^^, +Jic^J5 ;to 
change one's name, t!$: ^ -f^. $ifc ; to change 
place, 0jM ; to change one's residence, f^J-^gl] 
fii,!Hi^,3lffiffe^>p®>^ig;tochange one's 
mind and purpose, luhii«||S; to change one's 
purpose, ei::i:, ik^^il^Wj; to change for the 
better, Cfc^pif IE, ;lffiti^fj#, BJIiS Ij ii, f)^t ; 
to change another's disposition, i|ft;;ij.i4 ; to 
bring to change, ^it; to change the purposes 
of heaven, lu|%^ ; hiird to change one's nature, 
l^'l'4^^S^' "^y mind is like iron or stone, till 
death it will not change, ;J,S^ ,^^ ia\ JS^g ^ ?E T>ll- 

Change, v.i. To pass the sun, as the moon on its 
orbit; to change, as the moon, ^ ; the moon 
changes, ^^, J^HlllSifc- 

Change, n. Any variation or alteration in form, 
state, quality or essence, or a passing from one 
state or form to another, ^ ^, '^it, %iX^: 
&MMi^-, a political change, U^MM'^^ 
^ ; there will be a change, :$,£y^ ; a change 
of climate, 7Ki.^M'i JO" require a change, 
^•f^-7f<i; a change for the better, ^ j^ 
"S.iT-> ^fltWfi: ; when wrong, be not adverse 
to change, MPJl^jf^di: ; have you any change? 
^7Ka ffi, WilffliJ fr ; '''^11 yo" give me change 
for this? -fJ^f^li/bfi-l^ ; fi change of fortune, fM 
^%,W\'^^M\ ; a cliaiige of circumslances,1|'i 
#±.S, 7t :?; ± 1, )|* 5i ± ^ ; !i change of 
mind, tjj^^.^; a change of purpose, ^.jt,^, 
>b'\vli.M ; ^ change in a disease, ^^^ ; a 
change of countenance, §|^^-, 15, i® ; given 
to change, Z^U^^iiM ; ■'' thorough change, 
fl-i*, liaSfi^^'i-; ii sligiit change, j^^. ; an 
exchange, ^Jili^Jx,!^ A^J'ff • a change of mas- 
ter, l^i ; the liook of Changes, ^j^g. 

Changeability, n. See Changeableness. 

Changeable, a. That may change, Pi^,mk,'^ 
g,, vi^ ; subject to alteration, l^A'S^j. KM 
^/iii,^M^^ik, ^M- ; to be able to change, pj 
il\\^'\^ ; ciiangeable, as the colours of silk, P3 
^ ; constantly changing, ^f-ftjil'Hj : 8'ivcn to 
changes, or unstable, ^jjl-PfJE. ^d^d'-j ; change- 
able weather, :^ilt^M, ^l^Ii'fipS; a change- 
able humour, :g*t:f,'?f. 

Changeableness, v. Fickleness, |^||;ij>^- ; incon- 
st a 11 cy , te'll t\j ^ ,* 'i it ;??■ .1!'/; '/iV 16 "^ ; susc ep- 
tibility of change, ^l^-, pO^X^^, Vfmk 

Changeably, adv. Inconstantly, if ^^^.lig;^;, ;f 

tn, T^-ti;. 

Changed, j^p. or a. Altered, ^i^, [Jj:j'^ ; convert- 
ed, ■f-fci^, EtlEi^; you have much changed, 
Um-Mik, §lA^iM;"l'e .-hanged it, fijlu'tia ; 
changed by him, i^.i^.i^^m- ff:iE^i§ ; they 
are changed, ELIi^^i^- 

Changeful, a. Full of change, ^^-1%^^^ % 
e^Mfl-I, MlA-j; tickle, inconstant, 5iE'|ri,5fi{i, 

Changeless, a. Constant, '|Ti, ''^,d^ ; not admitting 
alteration, »Pl&, ^nj'g, PS^t;jCf#, Pg^^- 

Changeling, n. A cliiid lelt or taken in the place 
of another, ^^. 

Changer, n. ti^fffj; a money-changer, ^^^J\, 

Changing, ppr. or a. AUering, ^,%,'^tjc.; put- 
ting one thing for another, f^,; using alternate- 
ly, jffeffl. 

Changing-piece, v. A term ot contempt for one 

who is fickle, -j^M^A, m'AmmK- 

Channel, n. A water course, 7KS5-?KjI' MWi^ ^K 
?^i?K'ife'f*'f^'? '' t'"-^ place wherea riverliows, 
M, WiW:^ iC'tj" ; that through which any thing 
passes, J§ ; by what channel did you learn that? 
jS(I^S§^1'I^' ; an arm of the sea, a strait or nar- 
row sea between two continents, \%^, '^ j§, 
i^M. ■> the British Channel, ^ifj^^, :k.^JiMM; 
the channel of a column, H^IX ^^ waler chan- 
nel between two hills, ^. 

Channel, r. t. To form a channel, B37Kjt> Efljfi 
7KJI, i®'^ ; to cut channels in, miXit- 

Channeled, jjp. or a. Having water cliannels, ^f 
7]C5l. W'A. ^W^ ; grooved longitudinally, ^j 

mixit- i^mmh 

Channeling, ppr. Cutting waler channels, |;il7K 
5i, iSf^il; grooving longitudinally, mWJIii 


Chant, r. t. To sing, v^^^ MW^^ M^^ WM, W: 
I^N II^1J;k; to hum, llfJi, IV^^I, M, POJ,)^, Pft; to 
ciiant prayers or religious hooks, as the h'onian 
Catholics and the liuddhisis, ;g;i^S,fifig JI$M; 
to chant books, ffflft"; to chant pDclry, l!|!if$. 

Chant, r. i. To make melody with ll;e voice, c/^, 

Chant, n. A song, -|}1-, il^; a peculiar kind of sac- 
red music, in which jncse is same with less 
variety of intonation than in common airs, ^ 


Chanted, pp. Sung, I'^jj^, m^, .-gtiS- 


( 229 ) 


Chanter, n. One who fhanfs, W:MJMiW:^; ^ 
chnnfer of prayers, ^.^^ ; tho eliiel' siugor, 
or priest of the ehanfr^-, f^^. 

Chanticleer, n. A cook, 4^, ^^, ttif^. 

Chanting, ppr. or a. Singing, ngppj'; performing, 
as a chant, ^,. 

Chantress, n. A female singer, ici^^, W^ic- 

Cliaologv, n. A treatise on chaos, or chaotic mat- 

Chaos, 11. Tliat confusion or confused mass in 
which matter is supposed to have existed be- 
fore it was reduced to order by the creating 

power of God, mnMWmi^M'{^M'^Mm; 

confusion, 31 j|s; disorder, or a state in which 
the parts are undistinguished, %^, UL^; an 
immense chaotic exjianse, "£^ ; the original 
chaos, x'/t- 
Ciiaotic, ti. Resembling chaos, tlJ;J('j; confused, 
flli^aUl'j- Jlu^l^ilfi-J ; chaotic confusion that existed 
before heaven and earth, Wl^ill/J^^^Jik^' 

Chap, r. t. To cleave or split, as the ground, i)^ 
^, M\n]- iiS- te'^W ; to chap, as the skin,y^ 

Chai>, n. A clelt, ^}$, ^^'.f^,. 

Chap, j;. A man, — ^j^A. -^ttff; '^ yoi"*lii ^ 
^; a buyer, ^^- ; these chaps, li'LlSiJiA; the 
mouth, P , % ; chaps of channel, i^ P . 

Chapbook, ii. vj^.ff-. 

Chape, n. The hook or catch of a buckle, jpfij. 

Chapeau, n. ; pLChapeaux. A cap or bonnet, JM'PB- 

Chapel, n. A house for public Christian worship, 
jji^flijg; a house for the Eoman Calholi(S, % 
i'ii?; ^ house for the Buddhists, ^ff, JJ^^, 
•#'^; chapel of ease, ^f-;^)M||iMt; a print- 
er's work shop, P(J§jg-. 

Chapel, V. t. To deposit in a chapel, l^i'j^l^^V-^- 

Chapeless, (/. AVilhout a chape, §^-ii)(V.}, ^lijC^- 

Chapelet, Chaplet, ??. A pair of stirrup leathers' 
with stirruis, .^|f. 

Chapeling, i?. The act of taking a ship round, when 
taken al>ack, without bracing the headyards,f!| 

mm- m- 

Ciiapi'lry, n. The jurisdiction of a chajiel, £|'§'^- 

Chaperon, n. One who attends a lady to public 

jila( es as a guideand protector, sSiS^ A^"- I^o 

Chaiieron, r. t. To attend on a lady to public places 
as a guide and protector, Po^A) bBjS:^ 

Chaperoned, j)p. "Waited on in a public assembly 

by a male or female friend, ^5^j>JfSi';i^flB^. 

Chaperoning, ppr. Attending on a female in a 
public assembly, pg^ AWSJ^r- 

Chap-f)\llen, a. Having the lower chap depressed, 
UQ P ; dejected, ^Ig, HM, ruggl|. 

Chaplain, v. An ecclesiastic who has a cha]iel,or 
who performs the service in a chapel, /f^flip, .-f: 
$S^4;a military chaplain, ^A'^M; a 
naval chaplain, 7Kfiili^ifif ! ^ private chaplain, 
^•^^&1); enlnnial chaplain, /^iili^ ^| ; a 
Buddhist chaplain, ,'t;|Ifip|. 

Chaplainship, v. The otfice of a chaplain, if^^j 

Chaplet, n. A wreath to be worn on the head, :^ 
M- TcM' Sl«SCl^ljScfM^t; the circle of a crown, 
^ [^ ; a rosary, ^.S/k; a little molding, carved 
inlii round beads, pearls, olives, or the like, j^ 
T6M ; ^ *"f' °f feathers on a peacock's head, JL 
'^7[£; a small Christian chapel, Jhjji|#^, ^ 
AM; a pagan shrine, gAll- 

Chajiman, n. ;_/;?. Chajunen. A purchaser, ^^; a 
Seller, fi^ ; a market-man, ^^. 

Chapped, pp. Opened, as the surface or skin, j^ 

Chapping, ppr. Cleaving, as the earth, ^g^! 
cleaving, as the skin, J;fJSi$:. 

Chappy, a. Full of chaps, ^l^.i'^i^. 

Chaps, n-jil. Sec Chap. 

Chapter, n. A division of a book or treatise, :$'pj, 
^, ■" fjlj-, ^'i chapters and verses, as used in 
the Bible, :^|iJ; chapters and periods, ^'pj; 
a chapter of clergymen, — #!fi&|j; a place 
where delinquents receive discipline and correc- 
tion, m^:iLBi. 

chapter-house, n. A house where a chapter meets, 

Chaptrel, n. Imposts, ^, Alif]^- 
Char, n. A work done by the day, —QX- 
Char, v.t. To reduce to coal, ;t|^-, ;^/t; to char 
wood to bend it, |):|^ ('?); to expel ail volatile 
matter from stone or earth by heat, j^,^-^ 

Char, V. i. To work at others houses by the day 
without being a hired servant, f^ i^X- 

Char-woman, n. A woman hired Ibr odd work, or 
for single days, ^JX^- 

* ^ is cUiefly applied to such parts of a work as are pub- 
lished separately and corresponding to the German hefl or 
lieferiing ; j^ is applied to the same but to small secticns ; 
^ joined to fi" is chiefly applied to a chapter in a work of 


( 230 ) 


Characler, n. A lei tor, ^, ^J; ?^ ; a mark made 
by cutting or engraving, ^jl^, ti^M. ; ^ '"fn"'^ 
made by stamping or impression, l^])"j]t; the 
manner of writing,' ^|&, ^fi; the peculiar 
form of letters used by a particular person, ^ 
^;, ^$fS^; (lie six classes of the Chinese letters; 
(i) that bearing a resemblance to the object, 
(2) that taking its sense from the component 
parts, (B) that inverted and explained, (4j that 
arbitrary, (5) that borrowed metaphorically, 
(G j that joined to another part to acquire sound, 

7\ « i. ^15 1 s i« i^iM^Ui^mm ; iiie six 

iorms of Chinese characters, or modes of writ- 
ing, ^11; these are the seal characters or 

fanciful style, ^'-f'-, ^^ ; the plain, square 
characters used lor writing prefaces, f^^'; the 
pattern style, "|^^5#, iE'B'fli^; a still form 
of the running hand, fj^", fx^; the tree 
running hand, i^L^, ^#'; the elegant lorm 
of characters used in printing, '^^, ^#, ^ 
^^, iE^'; according to another classitication 
they are divided under eight heads, i. e. the 
greater seal characters, :J^^; the lesser seal 
characters, >J^^; the engraved charm charac- 
ters, M^' ' '^6 grotesque form of characters, 
l-l-^l-^, ikWy 'he stamp signet form, ^f|] ; 
the portal writing characters, 3t#; the ofti- 
cial writing, ^|J#, A-})-^; * the ancient 
characters, ^ ^; the vulgar character, j%f 
^: ; the abbreviated character, '-^^^yM^; 
the spurious character, ^^•, doCsn'l know a 
single character, P ^Igj J"; the peculiar quali- 
ties impressed by nature or haljit on a person, 
which distinguishes him from others, i5n'|^, '|'4 
^^) i5nt& ; =111 account »r representation ol any- 
thing, exhibiting its qualities and circum- 
stances attending it, |^^ [Jj ; reputation, jg ^, 
pi.fT, U^, fT;l; i^ good character, /p^HfJ, ^J- 

. ^rn^UA; a bad character, :r<p^, ?J A ; a 
superior character, Jt^A, MW^A; he hns 
no character at all, fEglSP^M^afj- Z^&Mr, 
¥^^M, ftii^H^i^i; of high cliaracter, mjji^; 
to injure one's character, iMA'M^, ^ AM 
■?, S Aiflltu; the character of sanctity, ^A 
;V !E^ : 111 Iritle wmIIi men's characters, j|[, ll>',' 
A. nJt AliM ; 'o gi^'*^ oiie a bad character, f,% 
AT>W-. IJt AT^iJ ; specific character, ^Ct^", 

* For fuitli-r information on the different cliaracti-rs see 
Kanglii's Dictionary, vol 10, nndor 5^. ("hincse Repository, 
vol. I'J, p]i. 181 ll'j (iriininuir of the Cliinese Language, P. 

I. pp. x-xv. 

/E^fi ; the eight rules of writing the Chinese 
characters are expressed by the character ^, 
%^^±./Vjt;^^^^' ; <his characler, rf^^^ ■ 
character, generally, in a' bad sense, ^^ ; not 
a good character, PJ[iJBi]'£; a bad, vile or vil- 
lainous character, ji'^!ji<]£. 
Character, r.<. To engrave, jJJ^^, ^i]^. 
Charactered, irp. Engraved, ^^i§^., M'^"^-- 
Characteristic, Charaeteristical, a. That consti- 
tutes the character of a man, ^fjjyi^^, ;£ff 
WU^ S ilifillt ; 'hat constitutes the charac- 
ter of a plant, -^f^^, l^fifi^, K%%m^ * 

Characteristic, n. That which constitutes a char- 
acter of a plant, &c., '^m^, ^SSi!, !£ SI! ; 
that wich constitutes the cliaracter of a man, 
* Afr^-^-, If 5iit, ti It ; 'he principal letter 
of a word, which is preserved in most of its 
tenses, in its derivatives and compounds, "^^ 

Characteristically, adv. In a manner that dis- 
tinguishes character, ^fiJlJcfl-J, ^S^vl- 

Charrtcteristicalness, n. That state or quality of 
being characteristic, Sil^, S^lll^. ^IS 

Characterization, k. The act of characterizing, "^ 

Characterize, r. t. To give a character of a person, 

mA& ?7, la Am^p ff- *- Ap"p ff . * AffH^ ; '0 

give characler of plants, &c., ^'0,, It Si ^ 'o 

distinguish, to mark or express the character, 

SSIl) ^Btlf'l; 'o mark with a peculiar stamp 

or figure, jj^jji, ^JtiW, 'J±.- 
Characterized,])^), llcscribed hy peculiar qualities, 

as a person, Bi i^ A P|E p^p ff - Wl 1 Ad'^mH; 

characterized as plants, etc., ^j^jlg, I^iSlg. 
Characterizing, p2)i-. Tcscribing or distinguishing 

by peculiar qualities, ^frJIiC' Bfiip" ff> ^^> 


Characterless, a. reslitulo cf any peculiar char- 
acter, as a person, ^^, Cg^/n^ff ! character- 
less, as plants, &c., i^M±.M- BM^l- 

Charade, v. f^. 

Charcoal, n. Coal made by charring wood, ^^ 

■^ i^, 'K m, ^9<,m m. m^.M- 'o iHu-n 

charccal, j^^j^, ©^vig^. ; coal and charcoal, j^ 

Charge, ?■. t. To rush on, to attack, '^j^. ('{Jlf , 
if'rHlIlTi '''i'F?t; to load, as a musket or cannon, 
A>K?J&, AWM, i^Ii^ClAli; to load or bur- 
den, as the stiimach, '^•{■','}; to charge, to im- 


( 231 ) 


pose, as a tax, KfSl; ^o charge people witli 
heavy burdens, ^|^; to charge, as a building 
with ornaments, |)t ,1|j ; to impose, as a task, g, 
WM ■ t" cliar.oe, as with a duty, il;>|if;j-, g fj:, g 
*E' mH, Ifi gJf, frrjK ; to entrrst to, ^f ^,^t, 
a k^ ; to eiijnin, PTli£; to charge to, to set to, 
as a debt, >^^|j;, ^gg, gj-,if, AH;; cliarge it 
in the Iwok , H f± nf) ("?); to charge with . as a cri nie, 
mW, ^!#; to charge, falsely, =^fe, 'MM, M 
Jl ; to impute to, f^&lA%M'j to accuse, '^fp. ; 
to censure, ff ff. ; to exhort, !§ ; to instruct 
authoritatively, ^/p> ; to communicate electrical 
matter to, 'jtAjim.'^ to charge, as interest, ff 
,i.?jT> ^f'J.i. ; charge it to my account, A 
f^St) S^icM ■- how much do vou charge for 
ihaa IWMM^^^^M, mm^=t' ; charge this 
gun, AMW^ZUik', he charges me with the 
crime, f^tfiWMVl ; I'c chai-ges me with it, =^ 
fd.1^^^- l^>^lk^ • charge him with it, cliarge 
him with business, ^^l^Wl. ^fi^Wfl, K^ 
Miil^i^WlUM- ^ftililBE ; charge so much a 
year, lijif^M^'f, f^fPfrl-gT- : to charge 
(enjoin) repeatedly, ^\^^\H]-, l^J^r^M- 
Charge, n. Office or trust, fj, Wx^iL\i, f'JiUiL 
ft ; to take a great charge upon one's self, ^ 

■ 5 ; ^ charge of powder, — P ^<|| ; the chai-ge 
of an enemy, ffjlf, ^^■, an order given to 
onp, ^'n' ; that wliich is enjoined, ^-g^il^i 
J5f^1^^-, #K;5:ir ; the charge of a judge to 

■ ^ .im".V. ^i^ pI iL^MMi '^ f bishop's charge, ^ 
^^Milll?/: imputation. %;a^-, UJn\ k • ■!''- 
cusation, ^ij-ipig; an entry of money, ^JJf ; 
charges, ■fl;?^, -ttJ^^; charges and expenses, 
5£ili£ffl ; telegraph charges^rgf^•iJ ; it must 

. be done at your charge, |f ffr> 1^1^ ; imposition 
on land or eslate, J^Iil^; rent, ffiJW; a signal 
to attack, |lj||;V^g; a certain quantity of 

. electrical fluid, j^Jr if A i ^ ^ ; a charge or 
overcharge of coloui', vlJlJ, M fe ^i§ M; '^ 
charge of lead, pjX'^^ia'' I =^m -it the charge 
ft it, IHi fflSf; ?!( li] ; to put one's self to charges, 
Vit\^^ I^W-^IR ; honourable charges, -^^ ; 
he gave it in my charge, ^^"giS^ic ; give them 
their charge, Dilitflll; to go to the charge, |i][ 
^7 ; to sound the charge, P^j^jE. 

Chargeable, a. That may be laid on, imputed or 
attributed, 'P]'|f[£Sl, ■pTiil ; censurable, ^H, ff 
IP ; to lie chargeable to one, % ^f^ ft : "^ 'wJy 
is char-cable but you, P5§ffr<, ^3jrR!]f^>- 

Cliarii-cablcuess, i?. Expensivencss, ?^jf] ; cost, f^ 

. ^; costliness, |gti;,:fgt^li. 

Ohargeably, adv. At great cost, ST-^;, |gSi$|R, 

Charged, ;);i. Attacked, fl/il^; loaded, Aii'X 
H; instructed, Uglif.Ji^; iuijailed. |f^i^, Bf 
ai;l ; accused, <#|f;i^; jilaced to the debt, g 
ii^; ordered, WTiM]',^; comuiandcd, ^-^ig; 
entrusted, ^-^i^. 

Charge d'affaires, n. ^T^yXW.^^^- 

Chargelcss, a. Fren from expense, ^^|^; not 
expensive, f ffl T> ^, li^ fli ^IR- 

Charger, n. A large dish, :^*g, :/c'ii^' ^ ; ^ hf"'so 
used in battle, "^J^j. 

Charging, j^pr. Loading, A'X^ ', attacking, ^ 
0$; laying on, as taxes, j^', P|5. P^[l{j- ; com- 
manding, ^ 'p- ; accusing, ■§ }jfc ; imputing, 
I^EfiJ, l|i#J ; entrusting, ^^^. 

Charily, aJr. Carefully, jSW;-, ;]^,5. 

Chariness, n. Caulion, b^'I'Ij, J]^)6■ 

Charing, ^?jjr. Doing chores, ff^ [3 X- 

Chariot, 71. A half coach, ^--.fTj^ ; a carriage with 
four wheels and one seat behind, used for con- 
venience and pleasure, .f^ip ; a war chariot, 
m% ^<i$^ «^. ^, MUl}!^; fi general war 
chariot, ^J^ifi; Ihe Imperial chariot, |J, ^^'i, 
fU^' fRfrif. Sfi"^*; the noise of many 
cliariols, ;^:^!|ijf|^. 

Chariot-man, n. See Charioteer. 

Chariot-race, n. A race with chariots, ("[.^llp!. 

Charioted, 2'p. Borne in a chariot, ^.J^t^. 

Charioteer, n. The person who dri\es or conducts 
a chariot, ,^^, ;^ $;. MA, M-l, ,|X^, ffA, 
ffilili65> \U^,ij:^-(i^-'^ field-charioteer, fflP; 
great charioteer (an officer), :;^gX ; the martial 
charioteer, 3-%^ ; the charioteer of the sun, % 
fU ; the charioteer of the moon, jfilllii]'. 

Charioteering, pp?'. or a. Driving a chariot, ^;^, 
''M Jp> i i^, 14 !i ; "sing a chariot, :^ .B| I^ ; 
the art of charioteering, 'i^'^. 

Charitable, a. Denevolent and kind, iz^^^, W- 

m^ t'tfi^, tM^, ^;6iVj. w>^M, m><:M, 

li'SA^' fc^.^S, ^.'fa)fi>|; lil:eral in benefac- 
tfons to the poor, {fl-Wid^, ^1*6^ #SI(Kl, ^ 
^.■i?i''M; formed on ciiaritable principles, ^.^jj. 
PK, t ^6 6^ ; dictated by kindness, rfj;^,;6W 
lU, til sl '5 W ^ ; charitable construction of 
words, Jil^AffiA a';''* charitable disposition, 
^. ;ij'; thinking charitably of others, fJJ.A', 
charitable schools, Hgf, H^; charitable insti- 
tutions, mm% n m-^, ^^mm- 

Charitableness, n. The disposition to be chari- 
table, ;:g 1^, iz Z^ ; the exercise of charity, j| 


( 233 ) 


•i^, WIS- 

Charitably, adv. Kindly, ^;;ij< fl^ ; liberally, ^ 
■ji!}. (j{| ; benevolenlly, {z 'M I'f'l '> ''^ '* charilably 
disposed, ^^ ;#■ Jii< , ^ ^ it ; deal charitably 
with him, /jVliini^, f^'Jl^X- 

Charily, n. That disposition of llie heart which 
inclines men to think favourably of tiieir fellow- 
men, and to do them good, iz'l^^, t'S', ilM, 
tfi, 'EltJ^iut; love, tenderness, ;^,^, ^J,^, 
M<f&' IHM-'j liberality to the poor, to bestow 
charity, m, -IJI, m^, PWil- Mi^'^ to bestow 
charity in a liberal manner, jiT/JI, g| jj-, ^jj|, 
■t J£, tt-^; c-anduor, l^.^,, i;?^'. >>i:>, /^JUi:.; 
to ask charity, ^^, t^^ ; to live upon charity, 
WSt^"^; Sister of Charity, * mWfim^ 

Charity-school, v, ^^• 

Charivari, 7i. A mock serenade of discoi'dant mu- 
sic, kettles, &f, designed to insult and annoy, 

Charlatan, n. Une who pretends much in his own 
favour, and makes nnwarrantalile pretentions 

'Jt^- fX-l^jfi ; -^ qu^'ek, /f ^ ; m(mnte),ank, 

Charlatanical, a. Quackish, f^^V^; making un- 
due pretensions to skill, &c, ^O^''^- 'Mti'^t 

Charlatanically,rt(Zr. Alter (he manner of a charl- 
atan, i[im.unmtm- 

Charlatanry, n. undue pretensions to skill, '^ p 

Charless-wain, 11. :lt:4i -tlM- 

Charm, n. Words, characters or other things, 
imagined to possess some oecuU or unintelligible 
power, ^, !^fl, ^M, ^fk ; <o write a charm, 
8?5^>ft^f; ''u efficacious charm, g ^f ; a 
charm suspended in a bag about the neek of 
children, ^f^^; the vermillion charm, ^^i) 
^■\ a charm that averts evil influence, f^ ^ 
^,^%'^; ^ charm that protects the body 
from harm, ^^^, %i^. ESIS- M^^, Xm. ; 
the peachleaf charm, ^^3^ ; thi' charm for the 
pacification of the womb of a woman in confine- 
ment, $ 3fi ^j^; '1 charm for the protection of 
the house, Ij^^-:?^:; to reeitecharms, ^,^y\ that 
which has the ])Ower to subdue oppnsitiiui and 
gain the alfec tions, ii f^ -g , ii i^^ ±,|f , fij s| f ; 
that which delights and attracts the heart, ^ 

* 5^±Si#- 

Charm, v.t. To subdue by incantation, Jfl?$^, 
&M'lH ; to charm away, mm. mm : to 
subdue by secret power, ^^^'^i, n\WrL Jfl^C 
|i|j ; to allay, to appease, \%M.^ ^)f.$'. to give 
exquisite pleasure to tlie mind, to captivate, fi^j 
f^. jif^. ii^i!/j. kfM^Wim. ; to summon by in- 
cantation, fS^; to delight, i^. 

Charmed, pp. or «. Sulidued ))y charms, fjl;j^, flJc 
^f ■?& ; enchanted, -^ -B- , H "^ ; defended by 
rharms, fnrf^.l'lf- 

Charmer, n. One who uses or has the power of 
enchantment, ^■%'^, ^'liiTi, \f\'Si \ one who 
delights and attracts the an'ections, ^ s^ ^, 

Charmeress, n. An enchantress, JX, ^g7., tf^^. 

Charming, ppr. Using charms, J[] ^^■. Jfl ^I'J^liiq; 
pleasing in the highest degree. f^i^'K^Jr ^"h!(i 
pT-JpI'^- WMm-%\^^\\'i- ?|tri^: lewitch- 
ing, jis^fifj, l^jK^Jt ; alluring, '^M'i ; unlia- 
ble, nl^fi-l> PT-^-fi^ ; charming eloquence, P 

Charmingly, a(?i-. Delightfully, ^%.^:f..M^.. 
Charmingness, n. The power to please, l^^'fJiPT 

Charmless, a. Destitute of charms, ^jPf^fi^.H 

Charneco, n. A kind of sweet wine, MiS- 
Charnel, a. Containing carcasses, ^Inililit- 
Charnel-house, n. A depository for the bones of 

the dead, ^^, ^A-ti^- 
Charon, n. The ferryman of hell, \^W^^W-T- 
Charpie, n. Dint for dressing a wound, %^\\^, ij] 

Charred, pp. or a. Eeduced to coal, i^'M. ^■, de- 
prived of volatile matter, il;f.|;§ ; lilacLened ))y 
fire, ^-ft-a. 

Charring, j'/"'- Eediu-ing to coal, :^ ^; depriv- 
ing of volatile matter, ii;t; ^'C ; blackening by 
fire, j^,. r^^- 

Gharry, n. Pertaining to charcoal, ^vCiriHgf, 'A^ 

Chart, 11. A hydrographical or marine map. j(f |2, 

iis^i- rnaif- 7K55ii' mmm- 

Chartaceeus, a. Kcsembling paper, i^fiy^, Ml® 

Charte, n. The constitution ol the Frenchm mon- 
archy, established at the restoration of l>ouis 

XVlil, in JS14, -Xl^mWM^ rkJtM'^- 
Charter, n. A written instrum^'nt given as evi- 
dence of a grant, contract, &c. #t- t-^. ^R?.- 
^|p1, tm, :i». PIJ^. JSii; 'in in'strumeut 


( 233 ) 


of a grant conferring powers, rights, &c., ,Q.t8, 
mm, mm, §P)K. tlli;'^, #l# ; a ship's charter, 


Charter, c. t. To cstaljlish by charter, fllfl-' ; ^ 
establish, as by the charter of ships, &c., Yt^it, 
^T'&'rPl; to c'"l''i''t"" ''^ sliiP' ffl^In. ^tiJ. M 

Charter-hmd, n. See Freeliohl. 
Charter-party, n. An agreement respecting tlie 
hire of a vessel, and the freight, llli^^it. ^^, 

Chartered, pp. ova. Invested with privileges by 
cliarter, ^g •§ w. i?3, S i§ fi' #; granted liy 
charter, if.&ii w t|l,Ti§;S.tu ; ''ii'^l, 'is a ship, 

Ciiartering, ppr. Hiring or letting by charter, jj; 
Uai; gi\ing a charter, TSIH- 

Chartism, n. In England, the principles of a re- 
form party, j^^^^. 

Chartist, n. One infected with chartism, or radi- 
cal principles, mR,SJi^. 

Chartless, a. 'Withoiit a chart, ^^'Jfrli^; of 
which no chart has Teen made, :^itISiilJi!i- 

Chartulary, n. An officer in the ancient Latin 
Church, who had the care of charters and other 
papers of a public nature, M'M- 

Chary, a. Careful, M:\&; frugal,'lf f^. 

Chasable, a. That may be chased, pj"j[g. 

Chase, v.t. To ])ursue for the purpose of taking, 
t5> ^> jISI- tiiS ; to chase and catch, 3f|;g; to 
chase after, gj^^, yp,^^^, gf^J^ ; to chase 
away, g^; to chase away the birds, ^'^ ; to 
chase a ship, Jl^; to chase an enemy, jBjJiJJ, 
15 |J[; to chase and disperse, g ^, ^j ^^ '■ to 
chase a deer, £5-^, ig^g^; to chase metals, see 

Chase, n. A vehement jiursuit, l§,ix-^, f^^, M 
^; a rnunino' and driving alter, as game in 
Inmting, #^-, ^f;, JSIK-, tim-^, «^-, 
^T il ^, ir li ±3ff ; that which is taken by 
chase, 3i?I^, iUJSPjJ^^- ; an open ground 
or place of retreat for deer or otiier wild ani- 
mals, §i:lg; a printer's chase, JJtS^ ; a wide 
groove, ig, JJL ; C'hase of a gun, 'ieifj^ ; chase- 
guns, 3Ei|5(^-a, «DMli:P&- 

Chased, jrp. or «. Pursr.ed, Jij§,i||i^,ili§ ; driv- 
Chaser, v. A hunter, j|tA; a pursuer, affj^ ; a 
gun at the head or stern of a vessel, ^Wif^^ 

Chasing, ppr. Pursuing, |f , JJ=, jf |2; hunting. 

^; chasing of metals, see Embossing. 
Cliasing, ?). The art of embossing on metals, ^ 

^^ ; embossed work, ||X- TiIJJJl- 

Chasm, «. A cleft, m$, JUt, F0JK> ES^, Fg P, 
Chasmed, «. j^J^^, i^jlfti 
Chasseur, n. One of a body of cavalry trained for 

rapid movements, $^J^j. 
Chaste, «. Pure from all unlawful connection of 

sfxes, i\B, U<M.,km, A ^. ^ B, tfiB, IE 

jfi,^, 152 ; free from obscenity, j^IE6^j, ifjiB 
P|f ; a chasfe female, g^J^-, 5|J^, iigS±.*. M 
^f , H?^, ^. ^. ^ ; '-^ flwst'' widow, who re- 
fuses to marry again, ^IS±^f . I|iit> .iS± 
^f ; chaste and quiet, ^§p ; a chaste style, ^ 

Chaste-eyed, a. Having modest eyes, ^3|. 
Chastely, adv. In a chaste manner, _^fjc ; chaste- 
ly dressed, tp^](§^^; chastely written, ^{# 

Chasten, r. t. To correct by inmishmeut, ^J"^, J^ 

Chastened, pp. or a. Corrected or punished, f7^ 

Cliastener, n. One who punishes for the purpose 

of correction, ifr fj ^, pjeolS^- 
Chasteness, n. Chastity, p^B^, M.'M^- 
Chastening, ppc. Afflicting fur correction, ^^, 

Chastisalile, a. Deserving of chastisement, Jig^ 
Chastise, v.t. To correct by punishing, W|i|,^tT» 

ms, #K- mm, wm, fM, #w, iiit. 

Chastised, pp. Punished, MiijiS>^TftiS ; correct- 
ed, pf Mil- 
Chastisement, n. Pain inflicted for punishment 

and correction, iJ^:M,BWi,nBMm, JPJH, 
ffl^j ^ ; death would not be a sufticient chas- 
tisement for your crime, ^E-ffC^^^ 5EWii^^- 

Chastisor, ?). One who chastises, -^f^^; a cor- 
rector, piffl^-. ' \MW- 

Chastising, ppr. Punishing for correction, rtS, 

Chastity, n. Freedom from all unlawful connec- 
tion of sexes, M'li, I&M., MB, AB^, I^M. 
^i J^IE^'i iii^^' ; tVeedoni from obscenity, 
Wi\^iS ; a widow's chastity, ^B^- 

Chasuble, 7?. An outward vestment worn by a 
Poman Catholic priest w-hen saving mass, -{• 

Chat, v.i. To talk in a familiar manner, fktii ; 
to talk idly, F;Jlf;^',lf|lIJ]f5 ; to chat and laugh, 




Chat, n. Free, familiar talk, j,^t^ ; idle talk, f;^ 
T<M., fyiSt; let us have a chat together, dti^^^ 

Chateau, n. A eastle, 'g ; a seat in the country, || 
Chatelet, n. A little castle, -gf-f. \U- 

Chatted, jU'- Talked familiarly, mk'i^^ l^lM'il 
Chattel, n. ^Movable property, "MUiHh- if'^^ 

'MiHi' %M ; the emperor's chattels, \i'^%. 
Chatter, V. i. To utter sounds rapidly and indis- 
tinctly, as a maffpie or a monkey, PJ^MJ^PJp]PJp]i 

f£, pf , mm, pf Pi. %^i, ^m^ ^m\, m%i ; *« 

cliatter like a swallow, SKmi; to chatter like 
children, Pf}}|lf)Hi>fl'3f .RSP^ ; to chatter like birds, 
MMm, EHx- MM^ "^Ml flR^; to chatter 
with the teeth, ^^l^tTB-iiW; to chatter with 
cold, fMm., n ; to jabber, % p f.-g-, .iii, ^ 
gS ; to chatter about heaven and talk about 
earth's beinff without shadow and without 
substance, f;^ 5^ |5tJi!lH^'.HJ^4- 

Chatter, n. mm^^- 

Chatter-liox, n. (Jno that talks incessantly, "g'-jj 

Chatterer, n. A prater, \\xA ; f>ii idle talker, gf 
Wp^^U, BSrlnS^- ; "i^iiie of a bird, 'g'fr,^. 

Chattei'ing, 2);;r. or rt. Littering rapid, indistinct 
sounds, PlP^lJI^IiJ^ ; talking idly, MBM ; chat- 
tering, as the teeth, ^\^ijM ; chattering with 
cold, |Jf lif .1^\ 

Chatting, p;)/-. Talking familiarly, nJ^!^, [^"Jf^, 


Chatwood, n. Little sticks, &c. for fuel, ^^. 

Chauffer, «. A small furnace, jhgf^. 

Cheap, a. Bearing a low price in the market, ^i, 
MM, fSfl, i^'k, mmmm-, common, p|P|f, 
Tll'^.^-Tf'ff^; very cheap, U^^,m^,m 
m,i^'M, S^fl ; it can be got cheap, ^H^qi ; 
yet cheajx'r, Hff ^^ ; rice is cheap, j%.^i. 

Cheapen, v.t. To attempt to buy, |UfI^, sffi? ; 
to lessen value, \l.\>pmm, Hiffiflt-Mfl. 

Cheapened, pp. Bargained foi', |U •§ f|f |§, If j^ 
fl? ; beat down in price, [Hi^jglH. 

Cheapener, ?i. One who bargains or cheapens^ g|| 

Cheapening, p2"'- Chaffering, UiM.^, l^&.^; 

beating down the price of, UKEfH- 
Cheaply, adv. At small price, ^"-^,12;®- 
Cheapness, n. Lowness in price, ?p^, -(£f^, {I^ 

Cheat, r.f. To decrivo and doiVaud in a )>argain, 

mm^ mm, mm- m- mm- ..t's. ]m- mm, 
mm, im, m, mm, hlm, mm-, to dieat 

one, gliiA,1^A,lBA ; you may cheat men, but 
you cannot cheat the gods, ElEf#APuli'E^iih 
who wishes to cheat you ? l%'{iJMi^-; kW-^M 

Cheat, 71. A fraud committed by deception, t!l^§B 

± V, mm ts , mm^ ■ m ti±^ ; ^ person who 
'•ih':i ts, Mmm A , tr^ii^a a , 4)5 ^ , mn, Wtm> 


Cheatableness, n. Liability to be cheated, pjl^^, 

Cheated, pp. Defrauded by deception, fti:®,gfEii. 
mMl!lh,mW>^\ to be cheated, WAM, ^M, 
^'M ; cheated out of every thing, ^AMlW.^, 


Cheater, v. Dne w!io pi-a/tices a fraud in com- 
mereo, if^, taiS, m?t,MA^, MA^- 

Cheating, 2'i^''. ora. Defrauding by deception, i^ 
M, W,A, &M ; <i Pl'in tor cheating, |ftM, M 

Check, V. t. or ;. To stop, [Jgfi, iifi, *6Ji, ^ jh, 

)m^, ffi±. 5f M!, w:^i. rm> m^, ±; to 

hinder or repress, fi, jg, Jil^g, ^p; to curb, as 
lusts, j§; to rebuke a superior, ||j,p^||f ; to rebuke 
an equal or inferior, ||)j^; to check by compar- 
ing accounts, ff^;to make a mark against 
names in going over a list, S^ ^ , MiS ^ B^; to 
check a horse, gB^, %]l%\ to check a disease, 
%,f^i; to check perspiration, jtfp ; remove 3'our 
clothes and check perspiration, ^^^^cM^f^; 
to interfere, tflfl, \Ml 
Check, «. A stop, ii jh ^-, ]3 fi ^, il IS M ; a 
hindrance, pif^f?^-, mi W^^\ « ''ehutf, || 
m.,tit\ control, ^|--5|i •:K-, jjf M; a mark put 
against names in going over a list, — .i|5;a 
token given to rail-road passengers serving to 
identify them in claiming their luggage, &c., 
j^l, fy^li^f ; the correspondent cipher of a liank 
note, %>i^Wi\ a corresponding indenture, fj- 
'p'irn ; ^ corresponding mark in a Chinese deed, 
mn"4i,^mrW,'^^r\i, #■ SE; a check or 
deed divided into two jiarts, one of which is 
kept by either party, ^-^, ^^ ^-^^ ^\\^, ^ 

ft, ^ijft, #1?, imi n-^, fis, ^B, ^^> 

^^, m, m,M\'^ '»""cy order, ^1^, Ig^, 

il\f^, IKl; checks, iltig^/. 
Check-book, n. A book containing blank cheeks 

upon a bank, ^^^), ^M'iS- 
Checked, Checkt, pp. Stopped, fllfiii, W^^^; 

restrained, <§: J{i jg ; curbed, i^ i^ ; reiirimand- 

Checker, r. (. To variegate with crosslines. 


( 235) 


,; io form into little squares, like a chess- 
board, Fa^H'^i^t^; to diversify with alternate 
colours, f^^, ^fi; to diversify ,a||:j|. 
Checker, «. One who clioeks or restrains, J^fi^-, 
FilM^'; 'I robuker, pJjI:^; a chess-board, |K 

Checker, Clieeker-work, n. AVork varied alternate- 
ly as to its colours or materials, fg'j g,X, F^ 

Checkered, pp. or a. iJiversified, rEjlg,CKj, f^^^ 
6^> Si&fl\|; '^ checkered horse, ^. 

Checkers, A common game on a checkered 
board, |ti-^j. 

Checking, ppr. Stopping-, jg fi, J^{±; restrain- 
ing, PI ii ; controlling, ^i^- y{i ; rebuking, ^fr ±. 

Chcckless, a. That cannot be checked, ^pJJigfi'jj 
M^U^iX, /'Mf±, Z>ami\'-i; <hat cannot be 
resfrain.d, {>mi±, mi^K>i%,mjiM>m- 

Checkmate, n. The movement in the game of 
chess that hinders any further moving, so that 
game is finished, ijg, «»K)]5:;|f . 

Checkmate, v.t. To arrest, liHJ^ ; to defeat, ^"]"j||. 

Checkmated, pp. i|!f(. 

Checkmating, ppr. m.M'i-%- 

Checks, ?). A kind of checkered cloth, as gingham. 

Cheeky, «. In heraldry, a border, tliat has more 
than two rows of checkers, Tt^t^iiPnil, l^:*! 


Cheek, «. The side of the face below the eyes on 
each side. ;)!J., Ij^,^^. Iffi, B., US^, UaS, fA- W 

M, M, M, mm^ Eu^% ifu5*, mk, m^ -, ni^ 

hollow of the cheeks, [^; rosy cheeks, ,fl^|^, 
W\iB. ; thL> right cheek, ^'l^ ; cheek by jowl, 
^iU^'; "'0 cheeks of a printer's press, $p^ 
3^5; the cheeks of a cart, $n\; the cheeks of a 
gun-carriage, jl^HRUS ; to swell out the cheeks 
in anger, ^^,t!lj]|l]S. 

Cheek-bone, ». f(\, ff,'^, gi-f-, /g; high cheek- 
bones, i^iJ^f!-^', l^iKi'^''^- 

Cheek-tooth, n. The hinder toolh or tusk, J^^, 

Cheeked, a. Brought near the cheek, ^1^6^. 

Cheep, V. i. To chirp, as a small bird, O^Pk^^. 

Cheer, r. /. To salute with shouts of joy, Pg,^^; to 
salute wilh clapping of the hands, ffl^, s^'$., 
^'$.; to infuse life, to animate, f^ Jf:. ngjjfli ; 
to encourage, ^J^. $^^ ; to comfort, ^,Ej., ffc 
tt, Pf^« :^o akiddcn, ^ AMIft- fftA: cheer 

up ! im^mi'T^'^im>L^- i^^^n>b- vr^wm 

Cheer, v.i. To grow cheerful, if Ail^a- 
Cheer, n. A shout of joy, H^f^^, n||J^:g ; clap- 
ping of hands or other expressions of applause, 
SJS^' ^6S^" ; a shate of gladness or joy, fj 
^' 151^6, iTiWS-; entertainment, M^^Mg^iS 

^, '-§:, ;,*^=ifli, ;;^±,rn'-fii, :5i^wSii^ ; mirth, »^ 

M^ l^ic? ; courage, |]IJ^, )Jll ^ ; be of -'ood cliecr, 

Cheered, pp. Shouted, Pg, J^;l ; animated, ^Jf 

i§; comforted, $Ei§, kS/.iM- 
Cheerer, n. One who cheers, ngj^^, gJ^^' ^ 

Cheerful, «. Lively, joyful, l^fg, ^M: UWj: ^ 

Wi, B)ft^. MM, MW^- m^- \km, fi%m, 5f®, 
m^- \k'AA:, '^>\L>, ism, 'iiiM- iim,'m,'i^,m, 

\^m, 'It i% i% ff-, 'ti, ik ; a checrlul temper- 
ament, 'Itti, {k)\j(yh 11?/^.; a cheerful coun- 
tenance, l^j;^, -^g,, Utlfi, gf ; a cheerful mind, 
>6flSR, U-^t, tt, ii'®;' cheerful with wine, 

Cheerfully, adv. In a cheerful manner, Jff^^, /g 
^!^, ^^^. #^ ; with willingness, tj-,i:;-.,'i|jii.; 
ho cheerfully consented, "H" >ij< I?.f! ; to loook 
cheerfully, fi;^; he cheerfully did it, if|I-^ 
fi^^; 1 would then die cheerfully, M^jk{\'>^'- 

Cheerfulness, n. Life, ^f^^, f^f^ : good spirit, 

Cheerily, adv. With cheerfulness, i^i\j, fjt^J;- 

Cheeriness, 7i. See Cheefulness. 

Cheering, ppr. or a. Giving joy or gladness, ^ 
A |j{ S > -^ 'la 6tl ; encouraging, gjlj || ; it is 
very cheering to hear it, liJ2.*6T-1?, EJ!.# 

Cheerless, «. AVithout joy or comfort, ^^^, §^ 
1^; gloomy, ^^p^, tl^)^ ■ a cheerless home, Z^ 

Cheerlessness, «. Destitution of comfort or enjoy- 
ment, 4^^^^. 

Cheerly, a. Gay, ^fg. 

Cheerly, ncZr. Cheerfully, J[|;^^, S^^; heartily, 
itit; briskly, ^t|. 

Checrup, Chirru]), v.t. To make cheerful, -^^ 

Cheese, ». The curd of milk coagulated usually 
by rennet, separated from serum or whey and 
pressed in a vat, (fee, ^ ^Tjff, ^fl^^^l^, 

tm, ^- 

Cheese-cake, n. A cake made of soft curds, sugar 

and butter, ^fLf^:- 
Cheese-monger. ». One who deals in or sells cheese, 


( 236 ) 


Cheese-paring, n. The