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Christian Cynosure 

"in aSORBT HAVa 1 8AID If THING. "—Jesus OhrUt. 

Vol. XX., No. 1. 


Wholi No. 90-. 



1i21 West Maduon Street, Chicago. 

3. P. STODDARD , Gbnbbal Agbot 

W. I. PHILLIPS Pdblishbb. 


If paid stbictlt m advancb $1.60. 

t^'No paper disoonitnued unless so requested by the 
subscriber, and all arrearages paid. 

Address all letters for publication to Editor Cfhnstian 
Cynosure, Chicago. Writers' names must always be 
given. No manuBcript returned unless requested and 
postage enclosed. 

Entered at the Post-office at CbicaGio, 111., as Second Class matter.] 
I See Table of Contents on page 8. ) 

BB. O. 2r. W. WALTHER. 

The most conspicuous object in the southern part 
of the city, as one passes down the Mississippi from 
St. Louis, is Concordia Seminary, the great theolog- 
ical school of the German Lutheran churches asso- 
ciated in the Synod of Missouri and other States. 
This great building, completed and dedicated within 
a few years, was the workshop of one of the greatest 
of modern German theologians, Carl Ferdinand Wil- 
helm Walther, ia whose portrait appear some feat- 
ures of strong resemblance to the late Dr. J. F. 
Walker, the eminent author of "The Philosophy of 
the Plan of Salvation." 

Dr. Walther was a Saxon, born in 1811 into the 
family of s Lutheran pastor. He received the usual 
classical education, studied theology at the Univer- 
sity of Leipsic, and was ordained in 1837. His 
mind was of a grave, perhaps austere cast, and the 
influence of the learned Dr. Rudelbach, a determined 
opponent of the rationalism, liberalism and neology, 
the Andover new departures of his day, had a de- 
cided influence upon his mind while pursuing his 
theological studies. During these studies he also 
began to read the writings of Luther with profound 
attention. The logical force, originality, scholar- 
ship and spiritual depth and power of Luther's 
works, which left their indelible impression upon 
German literature and thought, had a powerful effect 
upon the mind of young Walther, and remained in 
the result of his work in re-establishing the princi- 
ples of the Lutheran reformation in the Mississippi 
valley. The exercises of his mind, indeed, were in 
some degree resembling those of Luther before his 
full acceptance Of the doctrine of salvation by faith; 
and as Luther was aided by Staupitz, Walther was 
led into clearer light by a Bohemian pastor, Martin 
Stephan of ])resden. 

Stephan, Walther and others, desiring larger lib- 
erty than was allowed at that time by the state 
church in Germany, emigrated to this country in a 
body of about 750 souls, includins; seven clergymen, 
theological students, professionaji teachers, lawyers, 
physicians, and others who left comfortable homes 
and profitable business in order, like the Pilgrim 
Fathers, to find full freedom to worship God in a 
new country. They sailed in five vessels, one of 
which was lost at sea; the others reached New Or- 
leans in the winter of 1838-9. Soon after their ar- 
rival Mr. ^Valther was put in charge of the affairs of 
the colonist^ as their leading spirit. Some settled 
in St. Louis, others in Perry county, half way down 
the river to Cairo. They immediately.notwithstanding 
many privations, established several churches, and a 
theological seminary with preparatory schools. Their 
churches wero and are conducted strictly on the 
congregational principle of the independence of the 
local church, the power of synods being only advis- 

In 1841 Dr. Walther removed from Perry county 
to St. Louis, to take charge of Trinity Church,which 
has now grown to five or six congregations. The 
theological school which he founded and taught in a 
log house followed him. One of his biographers 
speaks of the great care used in the preparation of 
his sermons. "He would often spend a whole week 

and digest whole volumes for a single sermon. Be- 
ing a most scholarly man and having good taste as 
well as excellent judgment, the aim of his sermons 
was to reach the perfection of lucid simplicity. His 
language is not only correct but also elegant, yet 

always popular Dr. Walther has published 

more than three hundred sermons. His favorite 
themes are the forgiveness, the grace and the peace 
in Jesus, the spirituality of the church, the absolute 
guilt of all sin, the absolute certainty of the Chris- 
tian religion, and the glorious freedom of the Chris- 
tian. Instead of preaching right conduct and good 
works Dr. Walther sought to change and sanctify 


the source from which all individual conduct flows." 
The growth of these German churches demanded 
an organ and the fortnightly Lutheraner was begun in 
1844. Some seven years ago a journal representing 
the Missouri Synod and devoted to secular news, the 
RundschauyWaa started, and has lately been removed 
to Chicago, where it has greatly increased its circu- 
lation. In the Lutheraner Dr. Walther wrote largely 
of theological topics, though often upon subjects of 
practical Christian life. He published many theo- 
logical essays and a treatise on practical theology. 
He entered heartily into doctrinal controversies, 
maintaining his convictions with great ability and 
uncompromising firmness. When he began his work 
in this country in 1839 the Lutheran church had 
barely an existence. At the time of his death in 
May, 1887, it had become one of the largest of the 
evangelical denominations. 

The churches which grew out of the emigration 
of 1838 and those associated with them are joined 
in what is commonly known as the Missouri Synod, 
and is the largest body of the kind in America. 
This is also associated with other smaller synods in 
the Synodical Conference which is the largest of the 
three divisions of the Lutheran church in our coun- 
try. It is one of the crowning glories of Dr. Walth- 
er's life that this great body of churches numbering 
some 500,000 members, makes no compromise with 
the secret lodge, but also stands firmest of all against 
the insinuating power of secretism. While the Gen- 
eral Council, as such, merely gives advice against 
the lodge, and is in some sections overrun with the 
orders, the Synodical Conference declares that this 
evil is so plainly contrary to the spirit and teaching 
of the Word of God as not to be allowed among 
Christians. Members of churches connected with 
the Conference are therefore required to dissolve 
their lodge relations, if they have any. 

This firm and righteous decision was brought 

about under God by Dr. Walther some twenty.five 
years ago; and the fact that this great body of 
churches maintains this position amid the swarming 
multitude of secret orders is a noble proof of his 
power as a leader, and the force and clearness with 
which he established this principle of separation. 
From time to time, as occasion demanded. Dr. 
Walther resumed this subject in his sermons and 
other public addresses and a collection of the Con- 
ference documents on the secret orders would fill a 
volume. About ten years ago the Lutheran congre- 
gations of St. Louis and vicinity held a convention 
on the lodge. Dr. Walther made a memorable ad- 
dress on the occasion which was reported in short- 
hand and published in German. The Cynosure will 
endeavor in the near future to place some of his ar- 
guments before its readers. 

Not only is this body of Christian churches a wall 
against the lodge storm, but in its congregational 
principle, is thoroughly American. The Lutheran 
church in some countries of the old world is episco- 
pal in government, and some branches in this coun- 
try incline to that theory, but Dr. Walther taught 
local church independence, and made the synodb 
advisory. He also abhorred intemperance and pro- 
claimed the Gospel as the true way of deliverance 
from this evil; so, too, with dancing and such like 
evils, against which he preached with great power, 
yet enforcing his views only with arguments ad- 
dressed to the conscience and with the authority of 
the Word of God. While his German countrymen 
are too often recognized in this country as advocates 
of infidelity and rationalism, he represented exactly 
opposite views, and his disciples claim for him the 
distinguished honor of being the father of Lutheran 
orthodoxy in America. 

It is to be regretted that the work of this great 
man was solely in the German language. For this 
reason he was comparatively little known, outside 
his church circles, and the American churches gen- 
erally were not influenced by his vigorous and elo- 
quent discourses. The principles to establish which 
his life was devoted will live, however, in the church 
and will be more and more widely diffused. He 
preferred, says one of his biographers, "ideas to or- 
ganization, the Gospel to institutions, the truth to 
numbers, and obscurity to worldly fame;" and these 
are among the eternal things of truth. 

^ 9 m. 

jsaua cHBiaT, tbbtbrdat. to-day and 



The poet Tennyson was fully persuaded that 

"Through the ages one Increasing purpose runs." 

Jesus Christ is that purpose. Prof. Schaff says, 
"Take away Jesus Christ and the human race is left 
without an animating soul, without a purpose, an 
inexplicable enigma." Jesus Christ, "the light and 
life of men," sheds light and life back upon the 
night of heathenism and the twilight of Judaism, 
and forward through all the ages of subsequent de- 

In what respects do the events preceding the in- 
carnation of Jesus Christ appear preparatory there- 
to? Both heathenism and Judaism had a distinct 
and efficient part to act in paving the way for this 
event, and each in its two-fold aspect of positive and 
negative results. Heathenism demonstrated that "a 
salvation devised by man, with the means at his 
command, was impossible, and that neither nature 
nor art, neither worldly wisdom nor culture, neither 
oracles nor mysteries, neither philosophy nor theos- 
ophy, neither political institutions nor industry, 
neither sensual indulgence nor luxurj-, could satisfy 
the cravings of the soul or restore to man the in- 
ward peace he had lost. Thus humbling their pride 
and awakening in nobler spirits a sense of need, 
heathenism prepared mankind for salvation." 

Judaism, on the other hand, protluced the con>io- 
tion that "the weak and beggarly elements" "could 
not make the comers thereunto perfect" Heathen- 
ism also yielded positive results. "It had produced 
great and im^^erishablc results," says Kurt/., "in the 
domains of science, art and human culture, which 
became handmaid to religion, when brought to own 

y^ii«aton« illinoif 




Slt>TXMBER 1% 188? 

the power of that truth which the Lord had re- 
vealed. It furnished forms which, from their depth, 
distinctness and correctness, their ready adapta- 
tion and general suitableness, proved most fit for 
presenting and developing the new truths which 
were to issue from Judah's land. It also produced 
contemplation and study both of nature and of 
mind, of history and of life, which in many respects 
even opened the way and prepared a soil for the 
great realities of salvation. Socrates gave faint 
echoes of Christian doctrine and life in tracing his 
deepest thoughts and motives to divine suggestions, 
and in willingly surrendering the enjoyments of this 
world in the confident hope of gaining that which is 
spiritual and eternal." "The speculations of Plato 
even more closely and fully approximated Christian 
views. That philosopher collected the scattered 
germs of his great predecessor's teachings. In his 
profound, speculative and poetic mind they sprung 
up and unfolded to a new mode of contemplating 
the world, which came nearer that of Christianity 
than any outside of revelation. The philosophy of 
Plato spake of man as claiming kindred with the 
Deity, and led him beyond what is seen and sensu- 
ous to the eternal prototypes of the beautiful, the 
true and the good, from which mankind had fallen, 
thus awakening in him a deep longing for the bless- 
ings he had lost." "These two philosophers have 
been of incalculable advantage to Christianity, in 
that their systems were presented in such a form as 
to be available to Christian science in its inquiries 
and dogmatic statements." 

But this heathenish preparation is still more clear- 
ly seen when viewed from a political standpoint. 
"As they had refused allegiance to the personal and 
living God, they were impelled by a sort of inward 
necessity to concentrate the mental and physical 
powers of mankind, and through them all the powers 
of nature, and the products of the various zones and 
continent8,and subject them to one man— the acknowl- 
edged representative of Deity."This gave rise to those 
bloody conquests of Cyrus, Alexander and Ciesar, 
which resulted in the overthrow of the Chaldean.the 
Medo-Persian and the Macedonian empires succes- 
sively, and which culminated in the Roman Dynas- 
ty — the goal of universal empire. This was the 
greatest and strongest monarchy — Satan's visible 
kingdom in the world, and it was permitted to at- 
tain the summit of power and glory, that the Sav- 
iour in visibly overcoming Satan's kingdom in its 
greatest strength and excellence might obtain a 
more complete and ostensible triumph over Satan 
himself. When Satan tempted Christ he no doubt 
argued thus: "See this great Roman empire which 
embraces all the kingdoms of the world. See its 
unity, its wealth and its power. See the glory of 
its capital on the seven hills. See these great Ro- 
man roads, stretching from Britain on the north to 
Palestine on the south; and from the Straits of Gib- 
raltar on the west to the river Euphrates on the east. 
See how the Greek language has been introduced in 
every province, thus suspending the judgment by 
which the languages were confounded. All this is 
mine. I am the controlling power. My will is su- 
preme. All this will I give thee if thou wilt fall 
down and worship me." Thus we see that empire 
united in one universal civilization, which "rendered 
it comparatively easy to circulate the fresh blood 
poured by the church into the veins of nations." 

Still another fact. About 250 B. C, Ptolemy 
Phiiadelphus had the Old Testament Scriptures 
translated into Greek, and the Jews in the disper- 
sion carried the Scriptures with them into every 
country, erected synagogues, and had them read 
every Sabbath. As James said in the council at 
Jerusalem, "Moses of old time hath in every city 
them that preached Him (Jesus), being read in the 
synagogues every Sabbath day." So that all the 
world was on tip-toe of expectation when Christ 
came, and when Paul sounded the Gospel trumpet 
at Rome its notes went reverberating through the 
whole world. 

On the other hand, Judaism was the chosen in- 
strument in "preparing and maturing a salvation," 
the benefits of which were to be shared by all na- 
tions. "Every thing connected with the history of 
this people bears reference to the coming salvation. 
Each revelation and dispensation, all discipline and 
punishment, every promise and threatening; their 
constitution, laws and worship; every political, civil 
and religious institution,all tended toward this goal. 
In one sentence: Judaism has supplied to the church 
the substance, the Divine reality; heathenism, the 
human form and the outward means for developing 
and carrying forward the great work." 

It thus appears that during the first forty cen- 
turies God was working toward an atonement. It 
is just as plain that the last eighteen hundred years 
have been occupied in establishing and enlarging 
Christ's kingdom in the earth. And it will go on 

until "the kingdoms of this world become the king- 
doms of our Lord and of his Christ," 

"Not in vain the distance beacons ; 

Forward, forward, let us range. 
Let the great world spin forever 

Down the ringing grooves of change. 
Thro' the shadow of the globe 

We sweep into brighter day ; 
Better fifty years in Europe 

Than a cycle in Cathay." 



The lodge claims to be founded upon the Golden 
rule to do to others as we would have them do to 
us. At least it is charitable to view its origin in 
this light — the "light of other days." It had, os- 
tensibly, another object, to give light to the novices, 
and when they saw it, amid the fiddle-faddle of the 
rituals, it was found to proceed from three candles 
forming a triangle. But in the light of the Golden 
Rule, had they clung to that, and lived up to it in 
its broad spirit, the lodge would have been, even 
now, only half a Christian institution, recognizing 
the Saviour's lesson on the relation of man to man, 
and nothing further. 

But if it started out on this principle, it must 
have lost it some decades ago, for to day, and since 
my knowledge of it began, it has, in its best feat- 
ures, been a clannish, selfish, money-making insur- 
ance company, I think there is not now a secret 
society in existence — and the age swarms with 
them from the Vatican at Rome to the humblest 
village, from the Pope to the butcher-boy — that can 
consistently claim for the lodge tbat it is anything 
more than an insurance medium, with extraordinary 
powers and processes ramifying all its machinery. 

If this is so, the plea that secrecy is a necessity 
for the better maintenance of the order is puerile; 
for the insurance business is honorable if justly 
conducted, and there can be no harm in my neigh- 
bor knowing that if I am sick I can draw $10 a 
week until I recover, or that I may call for $30 
from the lodge to aid in burying my wife should I 
survive her, or that the lodge will donate a sixth 
part of my own funeral expenses. Certainly, no 
one would think any worse of me for receiving 
these benefits, for nearly all men know that I pay 
the lodge handsomely from year to year, for the 
relief and comfort of those who also pay to help 
me. It is simply a quid pro quo — not always evenly 
balanced, because my "degree" may be less profita- 
ble and less exacting than my neighbor's. Besides, 
he may be sick more weeks in a year than I am, and 
if so I certainly ought not to envy him his increased 

What need of secrecy in the lodge really exists? 
I once belonged to it, and held my membership for 
many years, and there I saw nothing of any value 
to myself or others that might not be exhibited like 
a Punch-and-Judy show at the street-corners, and 
with about as much edification. Why was I bound, 
by useless solemnities, to do that which Christ 
openly commanded — to love my neighbor as my- 
self? All the concomitants of the initiation — the 
paraphernalia, the regalia, the varied rites, the lec- 
tures, or the penalties suggested, could not make 
my obligation to do good to all men any stronger 
than that which the Bible openly declares. 

Nothing in the lodge or its ceremonies bound me 
to love God with all my heart, mind and strength, 
or to trust in his Son for my salvation. Seemingly 
no one there cared for these requirements of the 
Bible; and I think I never saw a confirmed lodge- 
man who (outside of his ministerial functions in the 
church) spoke to me upon these important topics. 

The secrecy was confined to the lodge-work — the 
dramatic exhibitions and the recognition by-play. 
Honest men, imbued with the spirit of Christianity, 
have no need of either. They say "Yea, yea," when 
necessary for the transaction of everyday business, 
or "nay, nay," if they cannot endorse some specific 
proposition, believing that any further expression 
of assent or dissent might lead to evil speaking. 

Is secrecy necessary for purposes of lodge recog- 
nition? No more than the lodge itself; and men 
who love God and their neighbors as themselves, 
despise the one and hate the other. The ratio of 
dishonesty, I estimate, in these institutions, is ecjual 
to the secrecy required concerning the work per- 
formed. They do not let their right hand know 
what their left is doing, even if it is abstracting the 
contents of some one else's pocket; and if by acci- 
dent the right hand discovers what is being done, it 
dare not whisper it to a living soul, under penalty 
in such case made and provided. The system is 
acute — the lodge training is excellent — quite as per- 

fect as that of the Jew Fagin, in "Oliver Twist," 
when educating his pupils in the mysteries of street 

Secrecy becomes such men as Fagin, Guy Fawkes, 
anarchists, and scoundrels of every degree, but no 
other class, outside of family, business and neigh- 
borly affairs. That which prefers a claim to be 
considered a public benefit need hide nothing from 
the public; and that which, perforce, destroys confi- 
dence between men and their wives and children, 
like a lodge obligation^ borders on criminality. 
That which shuts the mouth of a witness who can 
disclose matters that would fulfill the aim and end 
of justice when criine lays waste the lives and prop- 
erty of victimized lutizens, ie itself criminal — as 
unrighteous as withboldirig stolen goods from their 
owner, knowing they are ^ his. That which will 
strive by the lowest subterfuges- to luin an honest 
man's reputation and bu^mess because he fiees from 
the lodge for his soul's iHHfction, is also criminal — 
as foul and indecent as t^Hissassin in his midnight 
work. And yet all these, it has been proven, time 
and again, are in the spirit, if not the practice, of 
the lodge. 

Will the lodge ever be abolished, or disappear? 

Ad referendum. 



A talented young man of a prominent and influ- 
ential family in the village called u5on a leading 
business man and said: 

"Mr. Harper, I have just complete:! my college 
course. My ambition is to succeed in business and 
become a useful member of society. You are the 
Master of the Masonic lodge in this place. For some 
time I have been thinking of joining your 'ancient 
and honorable' order; but before applying for ad- 
mission thought it best to call upon you and see if 
there are any works I could read or information you 
could impart that is proper and right for me to 

"Yes, there are plenty of publications explaining 
the well known principles of the society. They 
contain none of the secrets, but are perfectly reli- 
able. Here are our monitors, rituals, lexicons, his- 
tories, works on jurisprudence, digests of Masonic 
law. Grand Lodge reports, and other legitimate 
publications that any Mason will loan you or that 
any Masonic publisher will sell you. AIL you have 
to do while reading is to compare these authorities 
with the general character and make-up of the fra- 
ternity and you will find them absolutely correct in 
every particular. You can read, here at my private 
office or at your own room as you like. My partner 
is an officer of the lodge, a better scholar than my- 
self,and will give you any information that is prop- 
er and right. So just make yourself comfortable 
and I will be back at supper time when you will 
break bread with us. There are some good cigars, 
and if you like a sip of champagne, help yourself. 
But then I believe your people don't approve of such 
things. Your father is a prohibitionist, and I my- 
self admire steady, moral young men. Must use 
these things temperately, you know. Will see you 

{Young man alone.) "Well, here's a go. Guess I'm 
in for it. Temperate in all things! He's half full 
now, and smokes and chews all the year round — a 
perfect slave. Wonder if he did just right in letting 
me read these books? I always thought Freemason- 
ry a profound secret. Guess I'll just send word 
down to my folks that I won't be home till late and 
they'll think I've gone out of town. Old Harper 
has money, but his morals are not at a premium. 
However, if I join the lodge I'll have to get used to 
his ilk. Here is my pencil and book; I'll Just put 
d6wn in shorthand the cream of this business as I 
proceed. Let me see— Webb's Freemason's Moni- 
tor, by Morris, page 10: 'It is a duty incumbent on 
every Master of a lodge, before the ceremony of in- . 
itiation takes place, to inform the candidate of the 
purposes and designs of the institution,' etc. 

"That's part of his business, then, to pflSt me up 
before I join. But this Thomas Smith Webb, who 
is he? Here is a written note: 'The author of this 
book was the first standard writer on Freemasonry 
in this country. He is the father of American Mason- 
ry.' All right, father Webb, we'll see if these other 
works agree with you. Freemason's Monitor, by 
Daniel Sickels, 33 © , Secretary General of the Su- 
preme Counciil of the Northern jurisdiction of the 
Masons of the \ Inited States, page 31 : 'It is the 
duty of the Master of the lodge, as one of the pre- 
cautionary measures of initiation, to explain to the 
candidate the nature and design of the institution; 
and while he informs him that it is founded on the 
purest principles of virtue, that it possesses great 

SsPTBMBBft 22, 188? 


and invaluable privileges.and that,in order to secure 
those privileges to worthy men, and worthy men 
alone, voluntary pledges of fidelity are required; he 
will at the same time assure him that nothing will 
be expected of him incompatible with his civil,moral 
or religious duties.' 

"Who would want any better assuraiice than that? 
Guess I'll take that home to father. You see, fath- 
er is a lawyer and mother is a Methodist. Heard him 
tell mother one night that he had read Morgan once 
and tested it pretty thoroughly. He don't take 
much stock in Masonry from the way he speaks of 
it sometimes when he has a bi^ suit on hand. 'Great 
and invaluable privileges f What are they? O, yes, 
here it is, on page (J2 ofr same book, 'Masonry in- 
cludes within its circle almosfevery branch of polite 
learning. Under the vai^of its mysteries is compre- 
hended a regular system of science. Many of its il- 
lustrations to the confined genius may appear unim- 
portant, but the man of more enlarged faculties will 
perceive them to be in thft highest degree useful and 
interesting. To please tEe accomplished scholar and 
the ingenious artist, Masonry is wisely planned, and 
in the investigation of its latent doctrines the phi- 
losopher and the mathematician may experience 
equal delight and satisfaction.' 

"Now don't that beat you ! Here I've been seven 
long years in school, and.lo and behold ! it is all right 
up stairs in the Masonic lodge. Wonder if old Har- 
per teaches all that? Suppose he must for he's 
'Worshipful Master.' Worshipful! now that's a nice 
note — swears like a born pirate, butchers the king's 
English at every breath and don't know a noun from 
a preposition. Guess I'll look this matter up a lit- 

{To be Continved.) 


A downright common sense way of dealing with 
the temperance orders Captain Wood has adopted 
in the following from an editorial in the Los Angel- 
es Censor. He has labored long and earnestly with 
the Good Templars in his State for straight tem- 
perance, but is not perhaps aware that Rev. ])r. 
Marsh and Dr. Charles Jewett, who were among the 
noblest names in our temperance ranks, condemned 
the secret orders as a hindrance to the work, which 
might to-day have been victorious in the nation but 
for them. The Cewsor says: 

The temperance methods and machinery have also 
evoluted and improved in this half century. The 
old moderation societies and then the total absti- 
nence societies did a grand work. They employed 
the very best weapons of the day, the best and tru- 
est patriots of that time were the workers; they did 
all the work that was done in their day. Those old 
pioneers, groping in comparative darkness, deserve 
to stand in the first rank of heroes, patriots, philan- 
thropists and martyrs for the truth. 

Then the Washingtonian movement burst forth 
like a new sun, conquered wherever it went, pledged 
its thousands all over the land, absorbed all the old 
societies and seemed about to close up the liquor 
traffic summarily. But it used faulty methods; it 
made old drunkards, libertines and conscienceless 
men its priests and prophets; it had no organization 
but a pledge and it knew no God, so in about three 
years it went out like an extinguished torch. It 
did a good work,but with better machinery and lead- 
ers and methods, it could have led the world to vic- 

Then a tidal wave of secret societies swept over 
the land and the Sons, Rechabites, Temples of Hon- 
or, Good Templars and many others sprang up. 
They were an improvement on all that had gone be- 
fore. They adopted better methods than most that 
had been used; they recognized a (Jod; they organ- 
ized and set into activity most of the patriotic, ag- 
gressive Christianity and benevolence of this coun- 
try and they also attracted a'^ood deal of unworthy 
and ungodly material. 

They did very nearly all the temperance work that 
was done for about thirty years, but still thp liquor 
traffic was all the time growing and increasing tre- 
mendously in power. The ^ methods and ma- 
chinery of these societies weiitJ incompetent to sub- 
due the monster. And these orders have become as 
they grow older less efficient and of less numbers 
and inlluence. And every year they have contin- 
ued to lose in the aggregate more members than 
they recruited. 

In the year ISC!) the'Prohibition party was form- 
ed, a Christian, patriotic, open organization aiming 
at the root of the evil and the legal arrest of the 
business of drunkard making, its methods may not 
yet be perfect but it is improving. It keeps all 
Ht wins and it has always been recruiting and en- 
listing for life the^ery best men and women. It 

has not gone backward in anything, but is taking 
always higher and better ground. 

In the last days of 1873 the Woman's Crusade 
broke out. It was an effort of prayer and moral 
suasion. It did a great work, but the national legal- 
ized rum traflic and inhuman pagan laws undid 
their successes. Then the W. C. T. U. organized 
into a Christian, patriotic, open society, not only 
to put down the dramshop but to reform our laws, 
uproot all our vicious systems and evangelize the 

This society holds all it gains and gains all the 
time. It is also every month adapting new methods 
to new needs and enlarging its sphere of operations. 
It labors in every field and is belting the world with 
Christian influences. If it knows any course to be 
right it pursues it, be it in politics or in any direc- 

The W. C. T. U. is sending its missionaries and 
its literature all over our country and the world. 
It is building a $600,000 headquarters and enlist- 
ing in its work the noblest men and women in 
the world. We have now the W. C. T. U., the V. 
W. C. T. IJ., the Loyal Legion, the Band of Hope 
and the Prohibition (Home Protection) party. 
All of them progressive, prosperous societies and 
sufficient with the Christian churches, the Y. M. C. 
A. and the Sunday-school to destroy the kingdom 
of rum and Satan and reform the world. 

Now the I. O. G. T., after collecting and expend- 
ing perhaps ten times as much money in the year 
as the W. C. T. U. and J^rohibition party did, re- 
ported in January, 1885, in the United States 209,- 
70H members. It received that year 106,975 mem- 
bers and lost 122,591, leaving only 193,087, a loss 
of 16,616 as the result a year's work. And this 
was about a fair average year of the past twenty 
for them. Should the W. C. T. U. or Prohibition 
party ever have such an experience we should say 
it is wasted effort and wasted money. But we have 
no fault to find with the many good people in the 
United States who think they can resuscitate an in- 
stitution which has made no progress but backward 
for twenty years past save in some spasmodic local 

None of these temperance societies, new or old, is 
worth a penny unless as it is destroying the rum- 
fiend. The friends of temperance should everywhere 
and always be found using their time, labor and 
money to produce the greatest results for prohibi- 
tion and for the general safety of our country. 


A recent event has directed our attention to the 
operation of the Chinese immigration laws in a man- 
ner that is not particularly flattering to our pride as 
citizens of the greatest and freest republic in the 
world. The circumstances, when briefly related, 
are these: Two tea-carrying steamers, the Mon- 
mouthshire and the Glenshiel, started from Amoy 
nearly the same time, for New York. They raced 
with each other over a whole hemisphere, with the 
Glenshiel coming into port several days ahead, hav- 
ing made the trip in forty-two days and thirteen 
hours — the fastest time on record. 

It seems that the crew of the Glenshiel consisted 
of Chinamen. As soon as she arrived, an inspector 
of customs was placed in charge of the vessel, "in 
order," as one daily paper stated, "to prevent any 
of them landing to degrade American labor." 

Now, observe that the men thus watched and 
guarded by the argus-eyed inspector of customs were 
not criminals, nor paupers, nor even workmen com- 
peting with Americans in the labor market, but sim- 
ply sailors who desired to recreate on land after the 
toil and hardships of a long ocean voyage. To for- 
bid the landing of sailors ordinarily would be the 
refinement of cruelty; but in the present case it was 
an exhibition of barbarism hardly to be expected 
from the most enlightened nation on the globe. 

Imagine the feelings of those gallant and plucky 
seamen on being told that they were forbidden to 
land, lest they degraded American labor! that Amer- 
ica, free to the rest of the world, including the wild 
men of Borneo and the degenerate Hottentots, was 
not free to them, simply because they were Chinese, 
and that they must content themselves with a sight 
of the land flowing with milk and honey, but were 
not to enter it. Imagine their disappointment and 
disgust with the loud pretensions of this country to 
be a land of refuge I What must they have thought 
of the mockery of Bedloe's Island — Liberty enlight- 
ening the world? The irony of the French sculp 
tor is net the less keen because unintentional. 

Suppose our American sailors, the bravest and 
pluckiest of all that plow the high seas, were for- 
bidden by Chinese law to land on the Chinese coast! 
How indignant we would be, and how eloquently we 
would declaim on Chinese heathenism and exclus- 

iveness! And yet, under our very noses, the laws 
against Chinese immigration are so enforced as to 
perpetrate the grossest injustice and inhumanitj'. 

Every day we meet with cases where the mis- 
chievous operation of the anti-Chinese laws can be 
plainly seen. But while we can trace many evils di- 
rectly to the enforcement of these laws, the evils 
that result indirectly are neither to be traced nor to 
be adequately calculated. The persecution, distress, 
and wrongs to which the Chinese in this country are 
subject in consequence of those laws and their harsh 
execution are unknown quantities; but it does not 
require much intelligence for any one to understand 
that when our Government refuses to acknowledge 
the rights of these poor strangers, and shows itself 
reluctant even to accord them the protection of the 
laws, this will be taken advantage of by their mor- 
tal enemies, the foreign miner, the sand lotter, the 
hoodlum, and the saloon politician. We quote the 
following from Fire and Water, to show that we are 
not talking at random: 

"When calling attention last week to the danger 
of a destructive conflagration at Los Angeles, Cal., 
we might have added to the other hazards that con- 
tributed by the presence of a large and extremely 
unpopular Chinese element. It seems that barely a 
fortnight ago the agents of most of the insurance 
companies canceled their policies on buildings occu- 
pied by Chinamen, upon the ground that the exist- 
ing feeling against them made the hazard too great 
They have reason to congratulate themselves upon 
their foresight, for early on last Sunday morning a 
fire of unknown origin, which started in a gambling 
den in the Chinese quarter, consumed twenty five 
buildings, in which about 1,000 of the 'almond-eyed' 
had been housed, the losses being estimated at $100,- 
000; and the press dispatches mention significantly 
that, although the fire companies came promptly to 
the spot, the slow and deliberate way in which they 
went to work 'seemed to indicate that they were not 
over-anxious to save the buildings.' " 

It is true that the fire started in a gambling den, 
but the majority of those who were burned out of 
house an I home were, doubtless, industrious and 
peaceable men — not addicted to gambling. Could 
there be a meaner exhibition of depravity than that 
shown by those firemen? They did not put out the 
fire, but they extinguished every spark of honor 
and humanity in their own breasts. 

As Americans, we are ashamed to own that such 
things are possible within our boundaries. We are 
not proud of the position we occupy of being the 
only nation that carries out the policy of exclusion, 
and we denounce the ill-treatment of the Chinese as 
unchristian, barbarous, and inhuman. — Scientific 

We heard a minister remark the other day that 
the colored people of the South had spent,since the 
war, no less than one hundred million dollars on se- 
cret societies. We are not prepared to deay or dis- 
prove this startling statement. It would amount to 
about twenty dollars to each colored person in the 
South, or about five million a year for the last twen- 
ty years. This may be all considered as just so 
much clear loss, for which the colored people have 
nothing to show. Had the money been sunk In 
the depths of the sea the colored people would to- 
day be as well off financially and a great deal better 
off morally and spiritually. Secret societies are bad 
enough among white people in dragging them down 
and must needs be much more deleterious in their in- 
fluence on the poor and ignorant colored people of 
the South. So long as the ex-slaves patronize these 
dark lantern, midnight associations and fritter away 
on them their thoughts, time and money they will 
remain in a low moral, intellectual and spiritual con- 
dition. What would our country not be were the 
whole brood of secret organizations swept out of ex- 
istence. They are a menace to the best interests of 
churc-h and state.begetting suspicion to fellow mem- 
bers of the church and destroying that candor and 
confidence which should ever exist among Christian 
brethren. They undermine the foundations of civil 
society and are ever a source of dread to patriots. — 
Sdiiili/ Lake Xiws. 

Judge Valiant, of the Circuit Court of St Louis, 
has handed down his opinion regarding the closing 
of saloons in St Louis on Sunday. The opinion 
virtually reversed the opinion of Judge Noonan, 
given alK)ut two months ago, and holds that the law 
of 1857 did not legally permit the sale of wine and 
beer in this city on Sunday, and that the Sunday 
law as applied to the other parts of the State has 
always been applicable here. The case will now go 
to the Supreme Court, with a request that it be ad- 
vanced on tlic docket, and it is not likely that any 
effort will be made to indorse the Sunday law until 
that court renders its decision. 


September 22, 1887 


Cincinnati, O., Sept. 14, '87. 
Ebitok Christian Cynosure: — In one of Na- 
poleon's colossal battles, at a certain stage the cav- 
alry was ordered to charge. But Junot could not 
get them to move. Again and again the command 
was repeated, but they would not stir. Marshal 
Murat, recognizing the situation, put spurs to his 
horse and came galloping down the lines, brandish- 
ing his sword and waving his plumed hat. Then, 
without saying a word, he turned his beautifully 
caparisoned steed and started with all possible 
speed for the enemy's ranks. The soldiers caught 
his spirit, and with one accord followed him and 
ere he reached the enemy were at his heels. The 
enemy flew before them. A signal victory was won. 
0, for a minister to awaken such a spirit in the 
sacramental host! A ministry in "blood earnest" is 
the need of the church; a ministry filled with "the 
irrepres3ible;"a ministry that will rush forward upon 
the fortifications of Satan, shouting, "The sword of 
the Lord and of Gideon;" a ministry that will "cry 
aloud and spare not," until judgment has been 
brought forth to victory. 

Last Sabbath morning I preached in the Cedar- 
ville United Presbyterian church,Kev. A. Campbell, 
pastor. This is an old and substantial congregation 
of 187 members. The first preaching service I re- 
member of attending was in their house. It was like 
getting home to go there. Almost all were person- 
al acquaintances,a great many were old schoolmates, 
several were my pupils in the Cedarville High School 
for two years, and not a few have the misfortune to 
be relatives of mine. Rev. Sproull being away in 
Adams county, the Covenanter brethren came out. 
There was an audience of 300. At 3 p. M. I preach- 
ed in the Oak Grove school house, five miles out. 
After the sermon Rev. W. A. Robb took charge of 
the services and I returned to Cedarville where I 
preached at 5 p. m. in the town hall. Notwithstand- 
ing the rain there were over 500 out. 

I talked on the "Mediatorial Dominion." The 
text was from the 18th Psalm.v. 43: "Head over the 
heathen." This Psalm is Messianic. There are two 
marks by which a Psalm is known to be such. 

1. Where there is a description of a perfection of 
character and conduct, a depth of humiliation, a 
number, variety and severity of suffering, a sudden- 
ness and completeness of delivery, a heighth of ex- 
altation and a permanence and universality of do- 
minion which can be true only of the Lord Jesus 

2. Where the Psalm is quoted in the New Testa- 
ment and applied to Christ. The 18th Psalm bears 
both marks. The theme is, "The sufferings of 
Christ and the glory which followed." The author 
divides it into six parts: 1. The prelude or proem 
in which the Messiah appeals to the Father as his 
Rock, high tower, shield, etc., indicating that God 
will preserve him in the midst of and ultimately de- 
liver him from all enemies and dangers, vs. 1-3. 

2. The sufferings of the Messiah, his exercises 
under those sufferings and the results of those ex- 
ercises, vs. 4-6. He is overwhelmed with the floods, 
bound with cords, entangled in the snares of death. 
Hp cries to God; God heard and answered him. 

3. His preternatural deliverance, vs. 7-19. God 
entered his chariot and came down. The moment 
it touched the earth it quaked. Thick clouds en- 
swathed the earth. The lightnings flash, the burn- 
ing coals beneath his feet, the smoke of his nostrils. 
His enemies are arrayed against him. He shoots 
out his arrows and discomfits them. A great revo- 
lution follows. The sea becomes dry land and the 
land becomes sea; the channels of the waters were 
discovered. He drew the Messiah out of deep wa- 
ters. He took him from prison and gave him large 
liberty because he delighted in him. 

4. His prayer of thanksgiving for this deliver- 
ance, vs. 20-31. "The Lord rewarded me according 
to my righteousness." "With the merciful thou 
wilt show thyself merciful." 

5. The Messiah's conquest of the nations, vs. 31- 
41. He pursues them and overtakes. He leaps 
over the wall. He casts them out like dirt that lies 
upon the streets. 

6. His universal and permanent dominion, vs.42- 
50. "Thou hast made me the head of the heathen; 
a people whom I have not known shall serve me." 
And he shall reign forever and ever. This last is 
what the National Reform Association seeks to re- 

I spent Saturday night with Uncle R. Kyle, whose 
daughter Agnes is an accomplished teacher in the 
Cedarville schools, Mr. David Krvin, one of Cedar- 
ville's most substantial reformers.drove with me out 
to the afternoon meeting. We spent the evening at 
the home of Dr. Winter. He was raised in South 
Carolina, where he lived until he was forty, and was 

I a consistent member of the Presbyterian church. He 
had an extensive practice as physician and an inter- 
est in iron and steel works. When Sumter was fired 
upon he left and joined the Union army and all his 
property, amounting to $150,000 was confiscated. 
They were glad of the opportunity to do that,becau8e 
frequently he had bought slaves to save them from 
being sold and sent away from their families, and 
given .them the freedom of his farm. They hated 
him for this and seized his property at once. He 
served through the war, and lost his health through 
exposure. The government gives him a small pen- 
sion — shamefully small, but he recovered none of 
his property. Since the war he has been quietly fol- 
lowing his profession as he is able. Providence has 
a purpose in such a career. It is an object lesson. 

J. M. Foster. 



were doing. He expressed his satisfaction with the 
explanation, with a sob-like chuckle. 

The next materialization was considered by the 
spiritists present, as the most wonderful of the even- 
ing — that of a child, perhaps six or ^seven years of 
age. This was heralded by the big reception com- 
mittee of one, (who, without doubt, was equal to a 
dozen), with dearest and sweetest epithets, which I 
did not hesitate to adulterate with a few acrid ex- 
pressions which I am satisfied lessened the relish of 
that audience, at least. 

"That," said I, in the most distinct tones I could 
command, as the rfim-inutive form, designated as 
that of a child, appeared, "that is none other than 
the medium herself, crawling out on her knees." 

Judging from omin^s, but subdued mutterings 
all about me, I began to realize that my candid, and 
logical criticisms were hitting harder than was com- 
patible with my environm^ftt D. P. Mathews. 
\_Continue^^mmt week.'] 

[^Continued from last week.] 

As the lights went down, somebody began to play 
a piece of melancholy music, just as though some 
one was dying instead of coming to life. After the 
music ceased, all were as silent as the dead — no, not 
as silent as the dead, for were they not about to be 
proven otherwise? We must find a new simile. 

Suddenly the curtains of the cabinet were parted, 
and something white rushed out into the middle of 
the room. This apparition, it was announced, was 
an Indian girl, and that it would shake hands with 
the audience. After this introduction, the dusky 
daughter of Lo, who was very talkative, shook hands 
with all disposed to allow her. As she passed 
around, she, also, very generously gave each person 
a handful of confections, my portion consisting of 
wintergreen wafers, some of which I carried in my 
pocket for months, as a sort of memento, daily ex- 
pecting them to dematerialize. 

Now, I really dislike to accuse any one wrong- 
fully, but I believe that this Indian girl was none 
other than the silly girl whom I have mentioned. 
The glistening substance with which her garments 
were covered, outlined her form very clearly, show- 
ing similar proportions; besides this, the tones of 
voice were the same. I am confident that I saw a 
head dressed in the same peculiar style as the so- 
called silly girl's, pass in the range of the faint light 
from the lamp on the organ over to the cabinet, and 
it didn't return until after a long time. In fact, 1 
saw enough to convince me that, at least, half a 
dozen of that audience were dematerialized into 
spirits, which I think is an easier thing to do than 
vice versa. After greeting and supplying the whole 
company with sugar plums, the little aborigine re- 
tired, when other shining incarnations darted out 
and in the cabinet. 

Meanwhile, the pompous female, who had taken 
possession of the chair next the cabinet, kept up a 
continual expression of praise of the merits of the 

"Just see what a magnificent haler," she would 
exclaim, as the brilliantly clad forms appeared. 

On the impulse of the moment, thoroughly dis- 
gusted by the sham, and evident gullibility of the 
audience, I said, loud enough for all in my immedi- 
ate neighborhood to hear, "That shining stuff is 
nothing more nor less than solution, or preparation 
of phosphorous, which may be obtained of almost 
any chemist." I noticed that this gratuitous inform- 
ation seemed to offend some persons on my right. 

"Did you see that beautiful disappearance? How 
splendidly it dissolved," cried the big woman, as a 
spirit near the cabinet fell back and vanished. 

Now, I am naturally of an impulsive temperament, 
and anything like deception inflates me with "right- 
eous indignation," to which I must give vent or ex- 
plode, and to avoid such a catastrophe on this occa- 
sion, I chose the lesser evil. The valve having been 
opened by my first remark, fearless as to the result, 
I continued to define the situation. 

"Anybody could do that," said I. "All that is to 
be done is to squat gradually, and then quickly fall 
back on the floor behind the curtain, or sink slowly 
in the middle of the room, and draw some dark ma- 
terial over the white clothing." 

"Shut up," growled an old chap on my right, who 
had just seen a daughter that had a mole on her 
face, whereby he had identified her. 

I refused to "shut up" my valve, however, and 
said, if they would allow me, I would duplicate all 
that had been done so far. 

"How'd yer do it?" asked a young fellow at my 

left, who had informed me that he was investigating 

the "phenomena," in tones which half convinced me 

that his credulity was more than half phenomenated. 

I replied that I would manipulate after the same 

Reform News. 


In and about Joneaboro — Alongside the State line — A re- 
gion untrodden by slaves — Freemason's happy valley — 
The birthplace of Abolitionism — Now a theme for Gold- 
smith's melancholy must— Awful effect of the tobaccft- 
habit — The BretJir en and theik simple rites. , ', .i 

JoNESBORO, Tenn., Sept. 12, '87. 
Dear Cynosure: — My stay in this vicinity has 
been much longer than I expected but has not been 
uninteresting and I think not unprofitable. Sep*^. 
2nd I spoke in Jonesboro; on the 3rd at Uriel M.E. 
church, a few miles east. On Sabbath I spoke once 
each in a Presbyterian, an M. E., and a Dunker 
church. On the 5th i lectured on prohibition at the 
Bethesda church near Garber's Mills and had an ex-* 
cellent hearing, the congregation voting without dis- 
sent for the Amendment. 

On Tuesday, the 6th, I went to Erwin, the county- 
seat of Unicoi county, which is in the mountains 
and only three or foar miles from the dividing 
ridge which separates this State from North Caroli- 
na. I had expected to lecture there on Tuesday 
night, but found that the announcement had not 
been made and that I was too unwell to have spok- 
en. I remained and lectured on Wednesday eve- 
ning to a good audience. On Thursday I hired a 
a conveyance to Embreyville,in Washinston county, 
and lectured at night in a Southern M. E. church to 
a full and attentive audience. On Friday I walked 
to Garber's Mills and was taken to Dry Creek in the 
mountains where I spoke to a small congregation. 
On Saturday I attended the Brethren's (Dunker's) 
yearly meeting and was invited to preach to them on 
the subject of secret societies. 

All of these were white congregations. I have not 
seen five colored persons outside of Jonesboro. 
There were never more than a handful of slaves in 
this mountain region. Most of the people were loy- 
al during the war, and are, and have been since, Re- 
publicans. The whole country is rich in varied and 
romantic scenery and in historic incidents. The 
Chuckey river is a considerable and rapid stream 
that sweeps along the western base of the Blue 
Ridge and unites with the French Broad above 
Knoxville to form the Tennessee river. It has a 
narrow, fertile valley and considerable mountains on 
either side. 

Unicoi has within a few years been cut off from 
Washington and Carter counties, and is a narrow 
strip of valley and mountain. Erwin, the county- 
seat, is at the foot of Unica mountain and three or 
four miles from the top, which is the State line. It is 
a little hamlet of 175 inhabitants with a small butde- 
cent court-house, with no church and no school-house, 
but has a small brick building erected and owned by 
the Masons, the upper part being used for the lodge, 
and the lower room graciously granted to the peo- 
ple for school and religious purposes. Here relig- 
ious meetings are jointly held by the different sects 
who seem to vie in their devotion to the lodge pow- 
er. About the only religious man I found in the 
place is a devoted Mason, fully persuaded of the an- 
tiquity of the order and of its divine character. He 
told me that there was abundant evidence of its ex- 
istence and divine approval to be found in the Bi- 
ble, but failed to point out the passages. He de- 
clined to have any argument on the subject as it 
was contrary to the principles of the order. He told 
me, however, that the Masons there were such a 
worthless, drunken set that he would have nothing 
to do with them, and that they met in the lodge to 
drink whisky. I spoke in their temple of Baal, and 
had less than my usual freedom. The air was op- 
pressive. This town is older than Chicago, and has 
been a county-seat ten years, but its streets are in 

manner I had just explained the so-called spirit part a frog-pond, i found a bright little schoolmas 


September 22, 1887 



ter doing a most needed work, and another young 
man printing a little paper, one page at a time, on a 
little hand press. There is hope even for Erwin. 

Four miles from here at the end of all roads is 
Unica Springs, a summer resort. Five miles down 
the valley is Embreyville. It was once a consider- 
ble place, with a blast furnace, rolling mill and nail 
factory, the first in the State. It is now nearly de- 
serted — one small store and small corn mill only 
left. The Embreys started and carried on the bus- 
iness, and Mr. Peter Grisham of Washington, who 
is known to the readers of the Cynosure, was their 
clerk. The Embreys inaugurated the first anti- 
slavery movement, anticipating by a year or two 
Benjamin Lundy and W, L. Garrison. This was 
more than ' xty years ago. Their paper was called 
the Emancipator, and was published at Jonesboro, 
the oldest town and the first capital of the State. 
The Embreys were Quakers and were moral heroes. 
Ilr would seem that "cherewere giants in those days" 
and that the race has become extinct. 

It is the opinion of Bro. J. Augustus Cole that 
there have been cities in the interior of Africa that 
were once highly civilized,and that they have great- 
ly declined. I do not know how this may be, but I 
am convinced that these East Tennessee villages 
have, under the joint influence of slavery, war, whis- 
ky and tobacco, greatly deteriorated. The war put 
everything back, but there fe a growing recuperation 
within the last few yejrs. The discussion of the 
• Amendment question'is doing great good. It is 
about the first live issue that has been presented. 
It is the first since the war that has appealed to their 
moral sense. I can see no reason for the ignorance, 
indolence and poverty of these mountain people 
except tlie excessive use of tobacco. The children 
seem to be born with an insatiable craving for it, 
and beg for it from passers-by. 

On Saturday I attended the annual business 
meeting of the "Brethren" and witnessed the set- 
ting apart of two young men to the second degree 
in the ministry. In this degree they may admin- 
ister the ordinances and solemnize marriage, but 
are not yet elders. I was greatly pleased with 
the apparent piety, simplicity, and intelligence of 
the young men. After an examination the mind 
of each person present was separately taken and 
they were welcomed by a kiss from each of the 
brethren present and a clasp of hand from each 
sister. This congregation has been very faithful 
in their testimonies and their discipline. They 
took no part in the late war. They have never 
received any members of secret societies and have 
always opposed slavery. 

In the year 1854 Elder Samuel Garber came 
here from Illinois. By special request he preach- 
ed a sermon against slavery. He was at once ar- 
rested, tried and bound over to the court under 
$2,000 bonds. He expressed his entire willingness 
to go to prison, but the Brethren insisted that he 
should leave. He did not appear at the trial and 
the Brethren paid his bonds. They have eight or 
ten churches in this part of the State, A few are 
opposed to prohibition and most of them use to- 
bacco, but they are, oh the whole, the most consis- 
tent and best people I have seen here. I leave in a 
few minutes for Knoxville. Yours in Christ, 

H. H. HiNMAN. 

former now seemingly near the gates. Josiah Lee 
of Albion will, if spared, be 91 years old next 
month. Though his natural vision is clouded, his 
spiritual and intellectual sight seems clear. He has 
always abhorred underhandedness, and of course the 
lodge. He endeavors to use every opportunity to 
bear his testimony. But recently a Methodist min- 
ister called on him for some money to repair the 
church. Knowing him to be a Mason he did not neg- 
lect the opportunity to impart some sound words 
of warning. 

I have just been talking with Secretary George 
about ways and plans of carrying forward our work. 
We should hold the State convention soon at some 
suitable point. New Concord, Muskingum county, 
is suggested. As soon as w» hear froin the Gener- 
al Agent when it will suit his convenience' 'o be with 
us, the time and place can be fixed. Pres. 0. A. 
Blanchard expressed a willingness to be with us. I 
am sure from what I have heard that the friends in 
Eastern Ohio will not fail of an opportunity of lis- 
tening to the President. 

No general appeal to the friends in this State for 
financial support has been made for more than a 
year. Some forty dollars have been handed me dur- 
ing the the past month; much more will be needed 
to carry on our work successfully. I feel confident 
that the friei ds will do what they can in this matter. 
Please do not delay but write Rev. S. A. George, 
Mansfield, Ohio, what you can give during the year. 
There are some pledges of last year unredeemed. 
We trust this also will be looked after. I remain 
in this section over Sabbath.working as the way may 
open. W. B. Stoddard. 





Mansfield, O., Sept. 15th, '87. 

Dear Cynoscre: — Since my last I have spoken 

twice in each of the following places, Mesopotamia, 

Middlefield and Northfield. Friends have received 

cordially and no serious obstacles have been 


encountered. At Northfield two lodgers spoke a few 
words in defence of their institution. Their so- 
called arguments were illogical and not worth re- 
peating. We could only pity their ignorance and 
wish them more light. As usual. Cynosure subscrip- 
tions have been obtained, a few books sold and 
tracts distributed. 

On the way to this place I stopped at several 
points. Last Saturday I visited what is known as 
Stowe United Presbyterian congregation near Hud- 
son. After a tramp of some five miles through the 
dust, arrangements were made, as I supposed, for a 
lecture on the following Tuesday evening. But I re- 
ceived a letter on Monday stating that my request 
had been reconsidered, and that it was not thought 
best to have the lecture. The reason given was that 
there were certain grangers who might be offended. 
It was thought by a Rev. Wallace who had labored 
succesfuUy among the friends here that the best 
way to kill the grange was to let it alone. 

Had I time and space I should like to mention 
many friends who have shown me kindness and as- 
sisted- our work. I must not pass without men- 
tioning my brief call at the home of a veteran re- 

TIIE manifestation of toe spirit in the ARKAN- 

Ed^r { 

MiLTON, Wis. 
Dear Cynosure: — The evening of Sept. 2nd 
found me whirling toward the great State of Wis- 
consin. Night found me at the home of Bro. M. R. 
Hoard in Sharon. In the morning he drove with 
me over to Bro. Jas. W. Suidter's. It rained till 
noon and we held a council of war on the Secret Em- 
pire. In the afternoon we began announcing a meet- 
ing for the Free Methodist church and put 1,300 
pages of literature in 130 dwellings. The audience was 
small,but no less than was anticipated. Sunday night 
I spoke on Masonic religion to a good and enthusi- 
astic audience at South Grove three miles out. 

Clinton Junction was reached in the rain and after 
a short stop I went on to Janesville. Here I was 
hospitably entertained by Bro. Andrew Stevens, an 
old time Anti-mason. Notwithstanding the mud,on 
the 6th 4,800 pages of literature were put into more 
than four hundred homes in Janesville. The city 
has some sixty saloons, it is said, and Rock county 
is lodge ridden. Prompted by curiosity a visit was 
paid to the old Willard farm and that vicinity salt- 
ed with literature. 

On the 7th I stepped from the train at Milton 
Junction and sought Elder Nathan Wardner, the 
only man I knew and a warm friend of the cause. 
He bade me a hearty welcome and counseled as to 
the best method of moving on the enemy's works. 
Some four miles west at East Fulton, where Mr. Rc- 
nayne once worked the degrees amid wild commo- 
tion, I broke bread with H. Harvey, a venerable 
brother who has been a staunch Anti-mason for lo, 
these many years and whose daughter is noted for 
her zeal for reform. There are a number therea- 
bouts who will be in attendance at the coming meet- 
ing at East Milton. Several days of personal effort 
and search have secured the names of many who 
are in sympathy with the cause. 

The 9th found me interviewing men and scatter- 
ing literature at Albion and Edgarton. The friends 
at the latter place were fearful, yet a hearing was 
secured in the church Saturday night and I got the 
promise of quite a number who expect to be 
with us. 

Last night was spent with Bro. David Smith, who 
has taken the Cynosure since it was a little 4-pago 
paper. M. N. Butler. 

[The last few lines of Bro. Butler's letter were on 
a small scrap of paper which was unaccountably 
lost.— Ed. J 


Dear Cynosure: — From Henry county I went to 
Birmingham, \^an Buren county, and began the can- 
vass for a renewal of subscriptions to the State 
Association to continue the reform work through 
another year. 

The subscriptions taken during the summer and 

fall of 188(5 and the winter of 86-87, to pay a certain 

amount monthly for one year, beginning July 13, 

1886, are past due now; and what has not been paid 

(Continued on ISth page.) 

Portland, Ark., Sept. 12, 1887. 
Cynosure: — 1 am sure hu «.il interest you 
an«tjour many readers to glean some tew facts, now 
and ttisn, of the reform that is steadily moving on 
among the colored people of the South. "The peo- 
ple that walked in darkness have seen a great light" 
Every form of popular intemperance is turned upon 
by representatives of clergy and laity everj' where. 
Indeed, the secret empire is fast losing mortar and 
stone from its very foundation, and the church is 
doing its "first works." 

The "Arkans: a Japtist State Convention" met at 
Camden, Ark., on the 23d ult, continuing in session 
four days. When the committee on temperance re- 
ported and dealt out such strong blows at the tobacco 
cud, the cigar stump and the bottle, it seemed that 
a temperance revival broke out anew, "begianing, of 
course, at the house of God" — the birthplace of all 
successful revivals and the origin of all true reforms. 
Live speeches were made by the advocates of tem- 
perance and moderate confessions were made by 
those who had so long been slaves to the dirty habit 
of smoking. The president, secretary and other 
officials, as well as many other members of the con- 
vention, gave their tobacco as fuel for an eventful 
bonfire. Nothing but conviction made them do this. 
They made their own confessions, signed their own 
pledges, and threw away their own tobacco — or gave 
it away — without a song or traveling reformer. 

It is remarkable, too, to know that it was not 
necessary to refer to dram-drinking among the breth- 
ren, for this custom has also long become odious 
to every leading preacher of the State. It used to 
be that the brethren could not preach well (?), could 
not act well their part in religious or political delib- 
eration until they got a "drink or two ahead." "And 
there were giants in those days." The man that 
spoke against strong drink was nothing more than 
one pigmy among manj' giants. But every condi- 
tion of those times stands now in a reversed order. 
It is no longer unsafe or unpopular to speak against 
I any of these subtle delusions. 

I am hoping and praying that the "good work be- 
gun in us will continue until that day." Why not? 
"If God be for us who can be against us?" It will 
take such work to make the "kingdoms of this 
world become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his 

Next month I go to the capital city of the State 
(Little Rock) to grasp the reins of a young institu- 
tion known as the "Arkansas Baptist College." It 
is under the auspices of the Convention, which it- 
self has begun to love and cherish every true reform. 
Hence the reformatory and Christian character of 
the institution. Whatever your readers can do for 
us in our well-begun work will be gladly received. 
We shall need books to build up a wholesome libra- 
ry. We shall need money to help us in the erection 
of ample buildings. These we are obliged to ask at 
the hands of those that are in sympathy with our 
class of institutions. Please place the Cynosure on 
file with us. Yours very truly, Jos. A. Book kb. 


Luther, Micb. 

Editor Cynosure: — For many years I have been 
in sympathy with the N. C. A. I vas seven years 
an active Good Templar. The temperance pledge I 
took in initiation June 14, 1869, I have conscien- 
tiously observed and always expect to. I would 
have done so if I had never joined that or any other 
temperance organization. 

By knowledge gr.atuilously proffered by an Odd- 
fellow on the honored principles of Odd-fellowship, 
I united with them in 1875, to reform and purity 
the order. The rules were set aside to confer two 
degrees each week upon me. Through a blunder iu 
initiation I entered the upi)er hall with my eyes 
open, beholding the blind-folded lodge, a fit type of 
the spiritual blindness resting upon them. I was 
more than ever anxious to see the devil's tail as well 
as his horns, and receiving the charges on my fett 
and remembering what thoy told me, I receivetl the 
degrees as re.ndily as they were confj^rred. Quoting 
Scripture from the ritual or the \\^?rd was alike of- 
fensive and incurred censure. One sentence of 
Scripture was all they could l>ear at one time, and I 
found that must be the last sentence I uttere<l. The 
whole lodge was ready to cut off any Scripture by 
calling me to order. So pronouncing lodge reform 
a failure after seven months' experience 1 witlidrew. 



September 22, 1887 

In receiving eleven initiations and degrees in 
secret orders, 1 would only pledge my honor, yet 
with a little study of Masonic signs and experience 
in using them, I was pronounced by the craft (as 
the secret afterwards leaked out>) a regularly ini- 
tiated Freemason deserter. At last becoming con- 
vinced it was sin to use the devil's tools (secret or- 
der signs) in the Lord's work, I sought and found 
grace, to forget all unwritten, but really "housetop- 
proclaimed" work. 

As a converted infidel who had proclaimed skep- 
ticism and the doctrine of demons during four years' 
travel in twenty- two States, I refused God's call to 
publish glad tidings for thirteen years before enter- 
ing the ministry, which I then did to declare the 
Gospel in apostolic simplicity, compromising with 
no error, and openly opposing all sin, never to 
preach the Gospel on a salary, or ask a living soul 
for a dollar for support, but accept all free-will of- 
ferings and live on them or starve. Penurious, 
soul-starved believers are satisfied with the arrange- 
ment, receiving no duns for over-due salary. Nearly 
a year in the north woods of Michigan, exposed to 
its rigorous climate, supporting a wife and three 
children on $34 cash and $89 in trade at high prices, 
from the field for ten months, has not improved my 
health, but hindered my pastoral work. Seeing only 
scores accept Jesus where I looked for a host has 
not lessened my cares. I regard it important that I 
leave here by Oct. 17 to go to a milder yet healthy 

While I have not made a specialty of fighting se- 
cret orders more than other sins, yet secrecy always 
strives to destroy my influence and support. I 
would prefer to settle with a Baptist church not 
afraid to reject secret orders. 

I am convinced that secret orders are the most 
destructive errors entertained by the church and 
government. The insidious poison is palsying the 
heart life of its votaries. With charters drawn from 
pandemonium what else can we expect? When the 
prayers of believers before fallen men are consistent 
with their plea to God in the hour of need, and they 
vote as they pray, satisfied to receive heaven's 
choicest gifts with persecutions, we may expect to 
see the Redeemer's kingdom come with power, and 
living temples erected as monuments of skill in Je- 
hovah's master-building. 

Suffering purifies. Our imminent peril brings 
God nearest. Man's need is God's opportunity. 
The grandest triumphs of grace I have witnessed 
were when I was so physically fatigued as to be 
barely capable of knowing what I was doing, yet 
strengthened by seeing sin and infidelity totter and 
fall. Ever yours in overcoming grace, 

(Rev.) W, H, Gardner. 

we are your friends." But many Baptist ministers say 
to me, "Get your school up and we will work for it and 
give you our support, and attend your school." If we 
have necessary agencies given we will find sentiment 
changing in a short time. I hope you can see your way 
clear to heartily request aid for our school house. — Lewis 
Johnston, Pine Bluff, Ark. 

AN EriTAl'H. 

I suggest as an epitaph for an active, fervent opposer 
of popular evils: ffe lived up to his convictions. — R. D. 

a glaring inconsistency. 

Christians, heirs of God, joint heirs with Christ, are 
you asleep ? Can any thing be more preposterous, that 
is, "utterly and glaringly foolish, contrary to nature and 
reason" (see Webster), than for the many professedly 
enlightened Christians in our country to be so basily 
engaged in doing the very opposite of the works of 
Christ by the most absurd delusion; that is, hiding their 
light in the light (darkness) of lodgery? Do they not 
see that thus they side with those who would prove their 
Lord wrong? How can they think it wise to bind them- 
selves by oaths or promises which are contrary to the 
will of God? None such were ever authorized by him 
in the Old or New Testament. — t. h. 


I do not let the Cynosure sleep, but hand it to others. 
I will take more interest hereafter;! want to see the paper 
taken throughout the land, and enlightening the world. 
Would that men would read and lay aside prejudice; 
they would become more earnest in doing to others as 
they would be done by, and ministers of the Gospel 
would not seek the secret orders. At present those are 
pointed at with the finger of scorn, who dare say a word 
against the secret orders in this place, but I will fight on 
for right. I begin to see light. — J. B. Woolsby, Bloom- 
field, Iowa. 


I will try and do something for you this fall, with the 
help of God. The farmers here are hard up. They all 
plow too much and run in debt for machinery, and then 
mortgage and pay ten per cent interest; some pay as 
high as fifty per cent. Masonry is increasing here fast. 
I do wish some of your best men could come here and 
show our young men the evil of the lodges; they should 
be exposed here. If I had the means I would write them 
and pay all expenses. — Harvey Trusdbll, Eemma, 

Bible lesson. 


Seymour Lake, Mich. 
Dear Cynosure: — I should almost ask pardon 
for my long silence the last few months. The Lord 
has wonderfully delivered me from the powers of 
the enemy. I am still saved from the powers of 
Masonry and secret societies. If I can do nothing 
more, I will from time to time give the readers of 
the Cynosure my testimony against Masonry. Praise 
God, I still have the same undying hatred for Ma- 
sonry I did when I was taken from the lodge. Still 
I love and pity its poor duped followers; love them 
enough to warn them of their awful condition; yet 
I know if they are ever redeemed it will be by the 
mighty hand of God. Well do 1 remember how 
those blasphemous oaths held me in bondage until 
my soul was well nigh lost forever. Dear reader, 
there is nothing that will bind a man's soul down to 
hell like Masonry. There are some diseases that 
are incurable by man, and nothing but God can cure 
them. Nothing but the blood of Christ cleansing 
the heart can ever wash away this terrible scourge 
of Satan. A man may try to throw it off some 
other way, but mark the result; it still clings to him 
like an incurable disease. Praise God, one breath of 
the Holy Gbost will drive it all away. Drive what 
away? Masonry? Yes. Drive away the whole 
catalogue of sins. When Christ is formed within a 
man he is a new creature. Though 1 stand alone, I 
must stand for prohibition and Christ. 

Dewitt Ben.iamin. 



The action of the St. Marion District Association i*^ 
causing much discussion o n the streets, and of course 
am accused as the ring leader. A deputation of society 
folks went to Rev. J. H. FJagg, who would not admit 
secret society members to bis church, and said, "You are 
trying to follow .Johnston. Now. you must let up on 
your talk on societies and let us help you. Johnston 
wlI do you little good; when you need bread and meat. 

LESSON I.— Oct. 2. The Centurion's Faith.— Matt. 8 : .5-13. 
GOLDEN TEXT.— I have not found so great faith, no, not in 
Israel.— Matt. 8: 10. 

yOpen the BibU and read the lesson.^ 

1. The Humility of True Faith, vs. 5-8. This name- 
less centurion has come down to us through the ages like 
the Syrophonician woman, famous for her great faith. 
But his humility is no less wonderful. Do we consider 
as frequently as we should that humility is always a con- 
dition of true faith, and therefore of all true prayer. 
Both are based on and proportionate to the strength of 
our desires and the greatness of the blessing we seek. 
The centurion knew that he was seeking at the hands of 
Jesus superhuman aid for his sick servant, and that the 
being to whom he applied must be superhuman in order 
to give it. There is a method very common at the pres- 
ent time of trying to reduce everything in the Bible that 
we cannot understand to the plane of a natural law. 
Such a habit of minds kills humility and stifles faith. 
The habit of trust in a higher power brings us into com- 
munion with that power, makes us feel ourselves a part 
of it, so that we gather courage to battle with difficulties 
which would appall a soul lacking this sense of divine 
aid. The more faith a man has in God, the more faith 
he will have in himself. 

2. The Infinite Ruler, v. 9. A whole library of treat- 
ises on the nature and laws of prayer might be written 
and yet the centurion's simple but grandly logical illus- 
tration would outweigh them all. Many passages in the 
Bible speak of Jehovah under martial terms as a "man 
of war," and "mighty in battle." Even Christ is depicted 
in one of the sublimest chapters of Revelation as the 
Commander in Chief of the armies of Heaven; and in the 
hosts over which he is Captain we must place natural 
law, not only that part of it whose workings we partially 
understand, but all those tremendous physical and psychic 
forces that we do not understand at all. The only ground 
of discouragement in Christian work, lies with the work- 
ers themselves. The stars in their courses obey his voice 
with prompt uncjuestioning obedience, while the false 
modesty of a Moses pleads, "I am slow of speech," or a 
cowardly Jonah may flee to Tarshish, or even the lion- 
hearted Tishbite have to be asked the question, "What 
doest thou here, Elijah?" A Christian who says that the 
liquor tralHo is a terrible evil, a crime against humanity, 
yet baUevea in liceasiag it beciuse "prohibition is im 

practicable," is far from having the faith of this Roman 
centurion. The same reasoning is applied to the lodge. 
Many Christians are willing to confess that secret organ- 
izations are ruinous to the church, subversive of justice 
and a foe to the family, while they cannot be brought to 
do any active service for their overthrow, "because," as 
they say, "Masonry is too ancient and formidable an in- 
stitution ever to be attacked with success ." While such 
men may be possessed of a little faith, it is not of the 
kind which removes mountains. It is not the centurion's 

3. The Wideness of Ood's Purposes of Mercy, vs. 10- 
13. We have here a divine promise that many will be 
saved from heathen lands, who live up to the light they 
have. This so far from checking our enthusiasm for for- 
eign missions, should be our highest incentive to the 
work. If men can be found like Cornelius and this cen- 
turion who, reared in the darkness of heathenism still 
practice righteousness and mercy, how many might they 
bring to Christ under fuller light? What streams of 
beneficence might they set in motion that would event- 
ually reach and bless all humanity? They are pearls too 
precious to be lost to the church and the world, and read 
aright the story of the Roman centurion ought to be the 
most inspiring of missionary lessons. 

From Peloubet's Notes. 

"I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my 
roof." Observe three estimates of the centurion's char- 
acter: first, his own, not worthy, because a Gentile, and 
because a sinner; second, the Jewish estimate, worthy, 
because he had built a Jewish synagogue, the highest 
encomium on character which a Jewish elder could pass 
on a Gentile outcast (Luke 7: 4, 5); third, Jesus's estimate, 
worthy, because of his faith, and needing no commenda- 
tion from Jewish elders, but himself an example and a 
rebuke to them.— Abbott. 

"For I (also) am a man under authority." The also is 
very necessary, and is translated in Luke 7:8. The cen- 
turion draws a comparison between our Lord's position 
and his own. He was a man under authority. He had 
power, indeed, but it was authorized and delegated power, 
power derived from the powers above him, such as the 
tribunes or chief captains (Acts 31:31) of the legion. 
The position of Christ was somewhat corresponding. 
He was sent from above. He held a commission. "All 
power — all authority — was given unto him" (Matt. 38:18). 
He was the Lord High Commissioner of the Sovereign 
of the Universe, the Chief Captain of Salvation. — Mor- 

"And I say to this man. Go, and he goeth," etc. He 
leaves it to our Lord to understand that he recognizes in 
him an authority beyond all, expecting the powers of 
nature to obey their Master, just as his soldiers or his 
servants obey him. It is not probable that he recog- 
nized such divine power in Jesus, but power delegated to 
him by God, as the centurion's power from the emperor, 
so that he could, without going to the house, say to the 
disease. Go, and it would go, and to health, Come, and 
it would come. How grandly he must have believed in 
him! And it is to be well heeded that the Lord went no 
farther — turned at once. — McDonald. , 

"Many shall come from the east and west." From f ar- 
ofiE nations, from peoples who had then not even heard 
of the true God and his salvation. This centurion was 
an example from Rome, and it was but a few years after 
this before there were converts to the true faith in almost 
every nation of that age. 

"But the children of the kingdom." The Jews, the 
natural heirs of the pratriarchs, to whom were committed 
the oracles of God, whose were the adoption, the cove- 
nants, and the promises, and who could not be disinher- 
ited but in consequence of their own willful misconduct 
and unbelief (Rom. 3: 2; 4: 11, 13, 16; 9: 4, 31, 33; 11: 
7-10, 30). 

Applications. — Like the centurion in this chapter, we 
have many needs, both for ourselves and others, which 
only Jesiis can supply. We have sins and sorrows and 
burdens beyond our power to remove. 

Jesus has proved himself able and willing to help, by 
having already bestowed upon others the very blessings 
we need. He i3 a tried and proved Saviour. He has 
sustained others in trials and needs like ours; therefore, 
he will sustain us. He has forgiven others' sins; there- 
fore, he will forgive ours. He has heard others' prayers; 
therefore, he will hear ours. He has healed others; he 
will heal us. His words calmed the sea that raged and 
stormed like the one that is tossing us; therefore, when 
we see him walking on the waters,, we know that the 
winds and the waves will again obey his "Peace, be still." 
The history of God's people is full of monuments of his 

We must go to him with faith that he is able and will- 
ing to help. 

Our faith should be generous, reaching out to others, 
humble, strong, confident, persevering. 

Such faith is sure of its reward. God never disap- 
points those who put their trust in him. 

We see more clearly the nature of this faith by consid- 
ering how we are saved by faith. (1) Faith is a yielding 
of ourselves to God, a committing of ourselves to him as 
cur God. (2) It is an act of acceptance of his ofEers 
and conditions of salvation. It takes what he has so 
freely given. (3) It implies a choice of Jesus as our 
Lord and Saviour. We believe in him so as to obey his 
commands and follow in his footsteps. (4) A faith that 
realizes whait Jesus has done for us, awakens love and 
devotion in our hearts for him and his cause. 

September 22, 1887 



Died at Grundy Center, Iowa, on the 
11th of September, 1887, Mrs. Cordelia 
A. Barlow, wife of Elder J. L. Barlow, 
after many years of almost constant suf- 
fering, aged 75 years. Beloved in life, 
and sincerely mourned in death, by her 
surviving husband, children, and numer- 
ous friends. 

Eliza Tuttlk was born in Connecti- 
cut, June 3, 1811, and died at Mt. Tabor, 
Vernon county, Wisconsin, August 29, 
1887, aged 76 years. She was married to 
Rev. B. S. Tuttle of the Baptist chi:rch, 
August 29, 1831. They lived in York 
State and in Ohio ; they came to Ontario, 
Wisconsin, where he died some years ago. 
She suffered long with paralysis, but 
died in great peace. In her last days her 
joy was equal to her suffering. She 
wished it to be said through the Cynosure 
that she was an ardent lover of the cause 
it is advocating. "How blessed the 
righteous when they die." J.W. Rkkd. 


Uncle Sam now has much more than 
100,000,000 silver dollars stored away in 
subterranean vaults. 

There is a watch in a Swiss museum 
only three-sixteenths of an inch in diam- 
eter, inserted in the top of a pencil case. 
Its little dial indicates not only hours, 
minutes, and seconds, but also days of 
the month. 

A foolish woman at Niagara Palls in- 
sisted, in spite of the objections of at- 
tendants, on taking her three-months-old 
child through the Cave of the Winds. 
When she came out the child was dead, 
having been suffocated by the spray. 

Probably the biggest yoke of oxen in 
the world are on exhibition at the East- 
ern Maine State Fair this week. They 
were raised in Vermont, and measure ten 
feet in girth and actually weigh 7,000 
pounds. It cost to raise them up to their 
great weight over $1,000. 

A most remarkable recovery from a 
supposed fatal injury has just occurred 
at Tolono, 111. Frank McCann, an eight- 
year-old boy, was accidentally struck on 
the forehead with a ball bat, Aug. 13. 
His skull was fractured just below the 
hair line and a considerable quantity of 
the brain escaped -through the opening. 
Leading physicians of the county pro- 
nounced the injury almost necessarily 
fatal. They desired to perform an oper- 
ation on the boy's head, but his parents 
objected. The little fellow rallied, how- 
ever, within a day or two, and is now to 
all appearances fully recovered. 

llie- Sunday base ball players were 
again in the municipal court Tuesday, 
nineteen of them, including the Minne- 
apolis and Duluth clubs, with the umpire. 
The case was continued to Sept. 20 and 
each man placed under $200 bonds, for 
his appearance in court at that time. 
Men who will deliberately and wilfully 
violate the law of the State, thereby mak- 
ing themselves criminals, cannot enter- 
tain a very exalted opinion of themselves. 
If they expect to shield themselves under 
the city ordinance they will find that like 
leaning on a broken reed, as the city has 
no power to abrogate or nullify a State 
law. — Review, Minneapolis. 

The Pennsylvania oil regions that have 
produced petroleum worth many millions 
of dollars are today in a pitiable condi- 
tion. The owners of the wells are gen- 
erally bankrupt, and in a few days the 
once active oil fields will be virtually idle. I 
The only hope of the producers is to close 
the wells, stop the supply, and hope for 
the dawn of better times. The hand of 
monopoly has fallen heavily on the erst- 
while rich region, and to-day it is only a 
sad ruin of what it was but a few years 
ago. Thousands and thousands of men 
have come to poverty who looked forward 
to wealth. Even speculation is dead. 
Tool-dressers, pumpers, drillers and other 
mechanics are out of work, for no new 
wells are being sunk, and those now run- 
ning are being worked as economically as 
possible. Men who once had incomes of 
from $100 to $200 a day from their wells 
are now getting a laborer's pay. The 
fine residences, built by the lucky ones 
in their palmy days, have become neg- 
lected, and the once palatial rooms are 
let out to lodgers. The producers and 
the consumers have both enriched the 
great Standard Oil Company, but the 
consumer, who pays only a few cents 
extra each week, has hardly felt the hand 

that has crushed the life out of the pro- 
ducer. On the principle that little drops 
of water make the mighty ocean, so the 
few pennies from each consumer have 
made millions of dollars for the Standard 
Company. If it saw fit the Standard 
Company could advance the price of oil 
to 50 cents a gallon, and it would take 
six months for competition to affect the 
market. It rules the home and foreign 
trade, and is one of the greatest monop- 
olies in the history of the world. 

The American Party. 

FiKST Nomination for President at Oberhn, 
Ohio, May 23, 1872. 

Platform Auoptku at Chicago, June 28, 

Name Adoptbd at Syracuse, N. Y., Juue 3, 


1873— Charles Francis Adams and Joseph L. 

1876— James B. Walker and Donald Kirkpat- 

1880— J. W. Phelps and Samuel C. Pomeroy. 

1884— J . Blanchard and J. A . Conant nomi- 
nated; the former withdrawing, Samuel C. 
Pomeroy was nominated. Both nominees with- 
drawing, the support of the party was generally 
given to John P. St. John and William Daniel, 
candidates of the Prohibition narty. 

NATIONAL committee 

District of Columbia, E. D. Bailey; Ala- 
bama, Jesse Ward ; Arkansas, Charles Paget ; 
Connecticut, Phillip Bacon; Dakota, A. F. 
Dempsey; Florida, J. F. Galloway; Illinois, Q. 
N. Stratton ; Indiana, Israel Hess ; Iowa, J. N. 
Norris ; Kansas, H. Curtis ; Maine, J. 8. Rice ; 
Massachusetts, 8 A. Pratt; Michigan, H. A. 
Day; Minnesota, E. J. Payne; Mississippi, E. 
Tapley ; Nebraska, E. B. Graham ; New York, 
F. W. Capwell; New Jersey, Robert Arm- 
strong; New Hampshire, 8. C. Kimball; Ohio, 
J. M. Scott; Pennsylvania, N. Callender; 
Rhode Island, A. M, Paull ; Tennessee, R. N. 
Countee; Vermont, F. F. French; Wisconsin, 
M. R. Britten. 



1. That ours is a Christian and not a heathen 
nation, and that the God of the Christian Scrip' 
tures Is the author of civil government. 

2. That the Bible should be associated with 
books of science and literature In all our edu- 
cational institutions. 

3. That God requires, and man needs a Sab- 

4. We demand the prohibition of the Impor 
tation, manufacture, and sale of intoxicating 

5. We hold that the charters of all secret 
lodges granted by our Federal and State Legis- 
latures should be withdrawn, and their oaths 
prohibited by law. 

6. We are opposed to putting prison labor or 
depreciated contract labor from foreign coun- 
tries in competition with free labor to benefit 
manufacturers, corporations or Speculators. 

7. We are In favor of a revision and enforce- 
ment of the laws concerning patents and inven- 
tions ; for the prevention and punishment of 
frauds either upon inventors or the general 

8. We hold to and will vote for woman suf- 

9. That the civil equality secured to all 
American ci'Jzens by Articles 13, 14 and 15 of 
our amended National Constitution should be 
preserved inviolate, and the same equality 
should be extended to Indians and Chinamen. 

10. ThatiDtematlonal differences should be 
settled by arbitration. 

1 1. That land and other monopoUei should 
be discouraged. 

12. Th»ttne general government should fur- 

13. Tiat It should be the settled policy of the 
government to reduce tariffs and taxes as rap- 
idly as the necessities of revenue and vested 
bu.sinc^ss interests will allow. 

14. That polygamy should be Immediately 
suppressed by law, and that the Republican 
party is censurable for the long neglect of its 
dut_y in respect to this evil. 

1.5. And, finally, we demand for the Ameri- 
can peonle the abolition of electoral colleges, 
and a direct vote for President and Vice Presl 
-lento' ♦•<• linitA.^ Stjites. 

Five Dollar 

"The Broken StaX." 
■ "The Master's Carjxt," 

"In the Coih, or The Coming Conjliet." 

"The Character, Claims ana Practical Work 
itws of Freemusonrji,'' by Pres. C. G. Finney. 

"Jieiiiscd Odd-fellowship;" the secret*, to- 
gether with a discussion of the character ol 
the order. 

" Frtfiivisonn/ III rated;" the secrets i 
first seven degrees, together with a dlscuseiA. 
of their character. 

"Scniuttui and Addresses on Secret Societie.s;" 
a valuable collection of the best arguments 
against secret orders from Revs. Cross, Wil- 
liams, McNary^ Dow, Sarver, Drury, Prof. J. 
G. Carson, ana Presto. Georsf* and Blanchard 

ITational Christian Association. 

B81 -W. Madlacxili.. CXU&m. UL 


Gbnbbal AesNT and Lbctubbb, J. P. 
Stoddard, 221 W. Madison St., Chicago, 

H. H. Hmman, Cynosure oflJce. 
Agent for Southern States. 
Stats Aobnta. 

Iowa, C. F, Hawley, Wayne, Henry 
Co. Care Rev. Geo. Pry. 

Missouri, Eld. Rufus Smith, Maryville. 

New Hampshire, Eld. S. C. Kimball, 
New Market. 

Ohio, W. B. Stoddard, Columbus. 

Kansas, Robert Loggan, Clifton. 

Alabama, Rev. G. M. Elliott, Selma. 

Dbobbb WoBKBBa. — [Seceders.l 
J. K. Glassford, Carthage, Mo. 


C. A. Blanchard, Wheaton, 111. 
N. CaUender, Thompson, Pa. 

J , H. Tlmmons, Tarentum, Pa 

T. B. McCormlck, Princeton, Ind. 

E. Johnson, Dayton, Ind. 

H. A. Day, Williamstown, Mich. 

J. M. Bishop, Chanlbersburg, Pa. 

A. Mayn, Bloomlngton, Ind. 

J. B. Cresslnger, SuUlvan, O. 

W. M. Love, Osceola, Mo. 

J. L. Barlow, Grundy Center, Iowa. 

A. D. Freeman, Downers Grove, 111 

Wm. FentoD . St Paul, Minn. 

E. I. GrlnneU, Blalrsburg, Iowa. 

Warren Taylor, South Salem, O. 

J. 8. Perry, Thompson, Conn. 

J. T. Michael, New WUmlngton, Pa. 

8. G. Barton, Breckinridge, Mo. 

E. Bametson. Hasklnville, Steuben Co, N. Y 

Wm. R. Roach, Pickering, Ont. 

D. A. Richards, Brighton, Mich. 


The following denominations are com- 
mitted by vote of their legislative assem- 
blies or by constitution to a separation 
from secret lodge worship: 

Adventists (Seventh-day.) 

Baptists — Primitive, Seventh-day and 

Brethren (Bunkers or German Bap- 

Christian Reformed Church. 

Church of God ^Northern Indiana El- 

Congregational — The State Associations 
of Illinois and Iowa have adopted resolu- 
tions against the lodge. 

Disciples (in part.) 


Lutherans — Norwegian, Danislt, S>i?»i- 
ish and Synodical Conferences. 


Methodists — Free and Wesley an. 

Methodist Protestant (Minnesota Con 


Plymouth Brethren. 

Presbyterian — Associate, Refonne.1 aad 

Reformed Church (Holland Brsnch.) 

United Brethren in Christ. 

Individual churches in some of these 
denominations should be excepted, in part 
of them even a considerable portion. 

The following local churches have, as a 
pleiige to disfellowship and oppose lodge 
worsliip, given their names to the follow- 
ing list as 


New Ruharaah Cong. Hamilton, Miss. 

Pleasant Ridge Cor.g. Sandford Co. Ala. 

New Hope Alethodist, Lowndes Co., Miss. 

Congregational, College Springs, Iowa. 

Colloge^Church of Christ. VVheaton, 111. 

First CoMgrcgiitional, Lcland, Mich. 

Sug'T (J rove Church, Green county. Pa. 

Military Chapel, M. E., Lowndes county, 

Hopewell MUsionary Baptist, Lowndes Co., 

Cedar Grove Miss. Baptist, Lowndes Co., 

8iiuon''.s Chapel, M. E., Lowndes Co., Miss. 

Pieasuut Ridge Misa. Baptist, Lowndes Co., 
Miss. • 

BrovkTnlec Church, Caledonia, Miss. 

Salem Church, Lowndes Co., Miss. 

>Ve6t Preston Bantlst Church. Wayne Co..P». 


adopting the same principle are — 

Baptist churches : N. Ablngton, Pa. ; Meno- 
monle, Mondovi, Waubeck and Spring Prairie, 
Wis. ; Wheaton, HI. ; Perry, N. Y. ; Spring 
Creek, near Burlington, Iowa ; Lima, Ind. ; 
Constablevllle, N. Y. The "Good Will Assocl- 
ton"of Mobile, Ala., comprising some twenty- 
five colored Baptist churches; Bridgewat^'r 
Baptist Association, Pa.; Old Tebo Baptist, 
near Locsvillc, Henry Co., Mo. ; Hoopeston, 111; 
Esraen, 111. ; Strykersvillc, N. Y. 

Congregational churches : 1st of Oberlin, O. ; 
Tonlca, Crystal Lake, Union and Big Woods, 
111. ; Solsbury, Ind. ; Congregational Methodist 
Maplewood, Mass. 

Independent churches in Lowell, Country- 
man school house near Llndenwood, Martingo 
and Streator, 111. ; Bereaand Camp Nelson, Ky ; 
Ustlck, 111. ; Clarksburg, Kansas; 8Ut« Associ- 
ation of Minister* and Chorchet of Christ Is 



PRESiDBirr.— H. H. George, D. D., Gen- 
eva College , Pa. 

VicB-PBBSiDBNT — Rcv. M. A. Oaolt, 
Blanchard, Iowa. 

CoB. Sbc't and Gbitbbal AeBNT.— J 
P. Stoddard, 221 W. Madiaonst., Chicago. 

RbC. 880*7. AND TBBAfllJBBB.— W. I. 

Phillips, 221 W. Madison St, Chicago. 

DmBCTOBB. — Alexander Thomson, Mi 
R. Britten, John Gardner, J. L. Barlow, 
L. N. Stratton, Thos. H. Gault, 0. A. 
Blanchard, J. E. Roy, E. R. Worrell, H. 
A. Piflcher. W. R. Hench. 

The object of this Association is: 
"To expose, withstand and remove secrel 
societies, Freemasonry In particular, and othes 
anti-Christian novemeuts, in order to save tha 
churches of Christ from being uepraved, to re- 
deem the" admlnlstr* ^on of justice from per- 
version, and our r?p ibUcan government from 

To carry on this work contributions are 
solicited from every friend of tne reform. 

Form of Bequest. — J give and bequeath to 
the National Christian Association, Incorpa 
rated and existing under the laws of the State 

of Illinois, the sum of dollars for the 

purposes of said Association, and for which 
me receipt of its Treasurer for the time being 
'■UH be sufficient discharse. 


Pbbsidbnt.— Rev. J. 8. McCuUoch, 
D. D. 

Skcbetaby.— Rev. Lewis Johnson. 
BTATB axthliabt assoclationb 

Alabama.— Pre«., Prof. Pickens; Sec, B. 
M. EUlott; Treas., Rev. C. B. Curtis, all of 

California.- Pres^ L. B. Lathrop, Hollla- 
ter; Cor. Sec, Mrs. U. P. Merrill, Woodland; 
Treaa., C. Ruddock, Woodland. 

CoNNBCTicuT.— Pre*.. J. A. Conant, WUll 
mantle; Sec, Geo. Smith, Wllllmantle; Treaa., 
C. T. ColUns, Windsor. 

Ilunois. — Pres., J. L. Barlow, Wheaton; 
Sec, H. L. Kellogg; Treas., W. L PhllUp* 
Cvnosure office. 

Indiana.— Pres., William H. FIgg, Reno 
Sec, 8. L. Cook, Albion; Treas., Senj. Ulah 
Silver Lake. 

Iowa.— Pres., Geo. Warrington, Blnnln* 
ham; Cor Sec, C. D. Trumbull, Morning 8nn ; 
Treas., James Harvey, Pleasant Plain, Jeffer- 
son Co. 

Kansas.— Pres., J. P. Richards, Ft. Scott; 
8ec^ W. W. McMillan, Olathe; Treas., J. 
A. "rcrrence, N. Cedar. 

Massachttbbtts.— Pres., 8..A. Pratt; Sec, 
Mrs. E. D. Bailey; Treas., David Mannlng.Br., 
Worcester. „ . „. , , „ 

Michigan.— Pres., D. A. Rlchanls, Brighton ; 
Sec'y, H. A. Day, WUllamston; Treaa. 
Geo. Bwanson, Jr., Bedfoiu. 

Minnbsota.— Pres., E. G. Paine, Waaloja; 
Cor Sec, W. H. McChesney, Fairmont; Rec 
Boc'y, Thos. Hartley, Richland; Treas., Wm. 
H. Morrill, St. Chariea. 

MissouBi.-Pres., B. F. Miller, EaglevlUe; 
Xrea6.iWllllam Beanchamp, Avalon ; Cor. 8f c., 
A. D. Thomas, Avalou. 

Nbb&aska.— Pres., 8. Austin, Falrmooit; 
Cor. Bee, W. Bpooner, Kearney; Treas., 
J. C. Fve. „ , „ 

Nbw Hampshirb.— Pres., Isaac Hyatt, Gil 
ford Village ; Sec, 8. C Kimball, New Market • 
Treas., James F. French, Canterbury. 

Naw York.— Free., F. W. CapweU, Dale; 
Boc'y, John Wallace, Syracuse; Treas., M. 
Merrick, Syracuse. 

OHia-Pres., Rev. R. M. Smith, Pagetown: 
Rec Sec, Rev. Coleman, Utica; Cor. Sec and 
Trca.*;., Rpv. S. A. George, Mansfield; Agent, 
W B.'stwldanl, Columbus. 

Pbnnstlvania.— Pres., A. L. Poet, Moc 
trose; Cor. bee, N. CaUender, ThompMn; 
Traaa^.W. B. Bertels. WUkesbarre. 

VMiiiOHT.-Pres.. W. R. Laird, St. Johns- 
bury; Bee, C. W Potter. „ . „ . 

Wi»ooNiiH.-Pre..,J. W. Wood, Baraboo, 
Sec., W. W. Amet, MeaonMmle; TreM M. & 



September 22, 1881 

The Christian Cynosure. 






Bditokial : 

Dr. C. F. W. Walther 1 

Sunrise in the South 8 

The Lodge in War His- 
tory 8 

Shall we Write Louisiana 

at the Head of the List? 8 
Notes and Comments 9 


Jesus Christ, Yesterday, 
To-day at d Forever 1 

Why is the Lodge Secret? 2 

Masonry under the Mag- 
nifier 2 

Selected : 

Temperance Farming with 
worn-out Machinery 3 

A Blot upon our Statute 

Books 3 

CiNciSNATi Letter 4 

Reform News : 

In the Mountains of East 
Tennessee ; Plans for 
Ohio; Record of Wis- 
consin Work ; Iowa 
Heartily Responds to 
her Agent 4,5 


Into the Fire with it ; Ex- 
periences Within and 
Without the Lodge ; The 
Spirit Cleanseth; Pith 

and Point 5,6 

Boston Letter 4 

Bible Lbsson 6 

Obituary 7 

Thoughts on National Re- 
form 9 

Notices 9 

ThbHoub 10 

Tbmperancb 11 

In Brief 7 

The N. C. a 7 

Lbctdre List 7 

Church vs. Lodge 7 

American Party 7 

Religious Nbws 12 

Literature 12 

Lodge Notes 13 

Home AND Health 14 

Farm Notes 15 

News of the Wbbk 16 

Business 13 

Markets , 13 

Sunrise in the South. — We hope our readers will 
notice elsewhere that an entire Baptist State asso- 
ciation (colored) of Louisiana, has voted unani- 
mously to exterminate and exclude secret societies 
from their churches. This, so soon following the 
St. Marion Association of Arkansas, is surely moral 
sunrise in the South. Dickens, in his letter to Mrs. 
Stowe, excepted to her suggestion in "Uncle Tom's 
Cabin," that the colored race might yet come to the 
front and get the ascendant over the whites, and so 
"the last" literally become "the first." However 
this may prove, we know that the white faces are a 
small minority of mankind, though they now lead 
and control them. But if God means to save and 
exalt, morally, the whole people on this globe, great 
and mighty revolutions must come, and they surely 
seem to be coming. Will not all our readers turn 
their eyes South; and all who can send us sugges- 
tions about the proposed National Convention in 
New Orleans next winter. 





The thrilling "History of Lincoln," by Nicolay 
and Hay, now in process of publication in the C'enr- 
tury, while searching the United States as with can- 
dles, to bring out the hidden causes of the Great 
Rebellion, makes too little account of one chief 
agent in the mighty melee, to- wit, the lodge. And 
yet, can any rational man suppose for a moment 
that the thousands of Freemasons, dispersed through- 
out the Union, especially through the South, meet- 
ing in temples and halls nightly, were idle lookers- 
on in the thirty years which preceded and prepared 
for the war? 

In 1860 ten thousand men crowded the Chicago 
wigwam to make the first Republican nomination 
which was to succeed. No man in the United States 
had anything like the prospect for the nomination 
as Gov. William H. Seward. No one so fully rep- 
resented the Republican party as he did. He re- 
ceived on the first ballot 72 more votes than any 
other candidate. This was so well understood, that 
Horace Greeley telegraphed to the New York Tribune 
the evening before, that ' Seward would be nom- 
inated," though Mr. Greeley was one of his strongest 

The city of Chicago was in a quiver of excite- 
ment, and everywhere candidates were discussed on 
the evening previous to the nomination. Mr. Philo 
Carpenter heard two Freemasons talking on the 
sidewalk, who made no secret of their views. 

"Well," said one, "I suppose we are to have that 
Anti-mason Seward as our Republican candidate to- 
morrow morning." 

"Not a bit of it," replied the other. "The lodge 
has seen to that Seward will have a large compli- 
mentary vote, to satisfy his friends; but he will not 
receive the nomination, and never will be President." 

So it turned out. Mr. Seward received 173^ 
votes, and Mr. Lincoln 102 at the first ballot. At 
the third ballot Lincoln was nominated. Judge 
David Davis and Leonard Swett, knowing that Thur- 
low Weed was chagrined and disappointed at the 
failure to nominate Seward, saw and urged Mr. 
Weed to return by Springfield to see and converse 
with Mr. Lincoln, to which Weed consented. He 
went from Chicago to the Mississippi, thence down 

to Rock Island, and across to Springfield. On the 
boat he fell in with members of the Virginia dele- 
gation returning home, who, before the convention, 
had promised Mr. Weed to suoport Seward. These 
gentlemen said to Mr. Weed, that an explanation 
was due him, because after pledging themselves to 
support Seward they had gone against him. "The 
fact is," said they, "we did not know till we reached 
the Convention that that was the Wm. H. Seward 
who was so busy about Anti-masonry in Morgan 

If there was no mistake in the above statements, 
which rested at the time on what seemed good au- 
thority, the nomination of Seward was defeated by 
Freemasons on account of his Anti-masonry. 

The history of Lincoln in the September number 
of the Century has the following, page 664: 

"One of the earliest symptoms among the delegates at 
Chicago was a strong under current of opposition to his 
(Seward's) nomination. This opposition was as yet la- 
tent, and scattered here and there among many State del- 
egations, but very intense, silently watching its opportu- 
nity and ready to combine on any of the other candi- 

If Messrs. Nicolay and Hay had wished to de- 
scribe Masonic opposition, the above are the precise 
terms they would have used. It was neither polit- 
ical or partisan, Northern or Southern. It was an 
"under-current," "latent," "scattered here and there," 
"very intense," "silently watching," — in one word, 
Masonic. Then, on page 681, speaking of the early 
"agencies which organized the rebellion," these writ- 
ers say: "Since conspiracies work in secret, only 
fragmentary proofs of their efforts ever come to 
light." But further on, page 684, it is said explic- 
itly: "Two agencies have thus far been described 
as engaged in fomenting the rebellion: the first, se- 
cret societies of individuals, like 'The 1860 Associa- 
tion,' designed to excite the masses and create pub- 
lic sentiment; the second, a secret league of South- 
ern governors," etc., etc. True, those Southern se- 
cret lodges commonly took new names. They could 
not trust a whole Masonic lodge, as some of them 
might be Union men, and not rebels. But they were 
all Mason lodges with an alias. Gen. Howard in- 
formed the writer that even the butcherly, night- 
riding Ku-klux "kept their disguises in the Masonic 
halls!" Thus the White Leagues, Knights of the 
Golden Circle, the secret societies which defeated 
St. John in Kansas, with the whole tribe of ante- 
bellum clubs of conspirators, just assumed new 
names, adopted a stop degree and new tokens of 
recognition, but swore the same secret oaths varied 
to meet the particular scheme on foot, and used the 
same lodge-rooms, and sheltered each other as dif- 
ferent branches of the same dark family of conspira- 
tors. The Blue Lodges of Missouri did not even 
change their names or vary their ritual, but as sim- 
ple Masons, eo nomine, raised, enlisted, and armed 
the bloody raids on Kansas, and informed Senator 
Pomeroy that if he would join the Masons they 
would protect him, but if not, "if he attempted to 
go up the Kaw River, he would be killed !" And 
when Senators Pomeroy and Lane reached Washing- 
ton, Mr. Ferguson, who was secretary of Federal 
Lodge No. 1, and aided to initiate Pike's Indians, 
informed the writer that the ten lodges of the Dis- 
trict all went for secession, and Lincoln's assassina- 
tion was one of the Masonic exploits of that District. 



Rev. Mr. Hall, an intelligent colored pastor of one 
of the Congregational churches of New Orleans, 
called at the Cynosure oflSce a few days since with a 
most remarkable account of the victory won for 
Christ and truth in the late meeting of the State 
Convention of the colored Baptist churches of Lou- 

This meeting was held at Opelousas and was at- 
tended by large delegations. The subject of secret 
societies, an ever- pressing one among the colored 
churches, was up for discussion, and numerous 
speakers spoke of having received the Cynosure 
through the kindness of unknown friends; that they 
had read with astonishment and avidity, and had 
become convinced that , the secret orders, now over- 
running their churches, wtre actually practicing re- 
ligious rites that were a false and forbidden worship. 
Many of the speakers had preached on the subject, 
using the facts and arguments gained from the paper 
with great effect. The unanimous vote of the Con- 
vention was that the lodges could not live in the 
churches, and that the latter should purge out the 
secret- society leaven from their membership. 

This is glorious I And following so soon after 

the St. Marion Conference decision in Arkansas, 
gives us joy we can hardly express. Surely the day 
of God is dawning upon the churches, but the 
blessed light of Christ strikes the foot of these 
mountains first. These lowly churches are reading 
us at the North a blessed lesson; and deeply de- 
served will be our condemnation if we do not heed 
it. In them the Lord is again ordaining praise, as 
once he did from the mouths of babes. 

Bro. Hall also gave a happy testimony to the ex- 
cellence of Miss Flagg's work on the Sabbath-school 
lesson. Her notes are used regularly in some of the 
churches, and the applications of the Word of God 
to the lodge evil are seed in good soil, which shall 
appear duly in an abundant harvest. 

These repeated testimonies to the value of the 
Cynosure in the Southern work should cause us to 
redouble our efforts for its circulation there. The 
colored pastors are unable generally to pay for it, 
but welcome the gift of Northern friends. It is a 
small thing to ask this year for A thousand dol- 
lars for this fund. Five times that amount would 
not be too much. This is a great, a blessed work. 
Let brethren at the North who have means send on 
the paper, and follow it with their prayers. 

— Bro. Peter D. Miller of Wright's Corners in 
western New York is in favor of a State convention 
and hopes the Ohio agent can be spared to work 
for it. 

— Secretary Stoddard wrote Saturday very hope- 
fully of the prospect for the Illinois State meeting at 
Belvidere. Good meetings have been held in the 
vicinity of Belvidere. Bro. Butler is assisting. He 
is a great tract distributor, and has judiciously scat- 
tered 6,000 pages in Boone county. 

— Rev. J. Augustus Cole, who is now visiting the 
Wesleyan State conferences in Illinois and Iowa, 
visited Wheaton on the Sabbath, preaching in the 
College Chapel in the evening. A collection of over 
$26 was taken for his African mission. He has a 
company of seven already engaged to go with him 
to that work, two or whom have been students at 

— Our reform bard, George W. Clark of Detroit, 
is in feeble health. He fears the effect of the South- 
ern trip last winter yet remains in his system in a 
low malarial fever; but he hopes to wear it out and 
have strength to sing and speak for pure and holy 
living to yet many thousands of his fellow men. 

— Rev. M. A. Gault gave two lectures last week 
before the students of Milton .College, Wis. He 
also lectured twice in the Seventh-day Baptist 
church at Milton Junction. The week before he 
gave three lectures in the Buffalo U. P. church in 
Marquette county. He also lectured the same week 
in Columbia county at Caledonia, DeKorra, Arling- 
ton and Paynette. He preached in two of the lead- 
ing Janesville churches last Sabbath. 

— Bro. Wm. F. Davis, of Chelsea,Mass., the evan- 
gelist of Boston Common,sent the other day a sharp 
rebuke to the Chelsea Record of the leading mem- 
bers of the Y. M. C. A. of that city for their world- 
liness and sinful example as active members of Ma- 
sonic and Odd-fellow lodges. They are plainly told 
that they are not fit to be trusted with the direction 
of Gospel work and impugn their own intelligence 
and honesty by ministering at the false altars of the 

— The sad word had but just come from Elder 
Barlow of the death of his beloved wife, a long and 
patient sufferer, when a letter from Rev. C. E.Walk- 
er, of Grey Eagle, Minnesota, a freqent contributor 
to the Cynosure and pastor of the United Brethren 
church, tells of the brief and fatal illness of his 
young wife,Sept. 12. To both these bereaved breth- 
ren we give our sincerest sympathy, with the prayer 
that the Divine Comforter may graciously sustain 
them in this greatest of life's trials. 

— Bro. 6. H. Gregorian, an Armenian from Cjes- 
area in Cilicia, completed his studies at Wheaton 
College and Chicago Theological Seminary last 
spring, and is now on his return to take charge of 
an important church and school at Yczgat, Asia 
Minor, under engagement to the American Board. 
He writes from Great Barrington, Mass., where he is 
visiting the aged missionary and great friend of the 
Armenians, Rev. H. T. VanLennep. Before his de- 
parture from this country he is lecturing in New 
England and raising funds for a small outfit to be 
used in Armenia. His work there will be partially 
self-supporting, the Board supplying deficiencies. 
Bro. Gregorian is well known to many readers of the 
Cynosure and will write occasionally for them. The 
action of the American Board in engaging this na- 
tive Armenian brother for labor among his own peo- 
ple is cheering, and indicates a more liberal man- 
agement among the Armenians which will 

September 22, 1887 


be hailed by the American churches. A few years- 
since Armenians seeking an education in this coun 
try for missionary service were hampered and per- 
plexed greatly. 

— In our brief notice last week of the Farm, Field 
and JStocJcman, the able farmers' journal conducted 
by Gen. C. H. Howard in this city, there was not 
room to speak of a singular experience that paper 
is having. Mr. "Wilson, one of the publishers, is 
an experienced seedsman, and in following up a 
business in which he had delight, he made the offer 
of seed premiums a profitable one for the paper. 
But it seems that the American Seed Trade Associ- 
ation, a secret society of seed dealers, consider that 
this business is trespassing upon its privileges, in 
giving away that for which they are accustomed to 
charge very high prices. At their last meeting at 
Philadelphia, the Association, therefore, passed a 
resolution boycotting the paper and binding all its 
members to withdraw their advertising and other 
patronage from it unless its publishers shall discon- 
tinue their free seed distribution. As this resolu- 
tion is inspired by purely selfish motives, and the 
paper is engaged in a generous and commendable 
work, the boycott, as is usually the case when this 
vulgar weapon is used,is likely to prove a boomerang 
to the seedsmen. The publishers of the paper not 
only propose to go right along supplying its sub- 
scribers with new varieties of seed free, but has 
also, as an answer to the boycott, made arrangements 
to supply them with such seeds as they want to buy, 
at wholesale prices. 

^ • *■ 


We can not have Gladstone and Bright, but in 
October an English deputation will reach Washing- 
ton to present a memorial on international arbitra- 
tion to President Cleveland and Congress, Andrew 
Carnegie, the iron manufacturer of Pittsburgh, will 
introduce them, and Lord Herschel, late Lord Chan- 
cellor under Gladstone, will join them here. Our 
Presidents have in several annual messages called 
upon Congress to act in this matter, and it will make 
any administration illustrious which can secure a 
definite action and permanent results. It is a noble 
reform, but it is pitiful that our law makers turn 
from it to proposals for big ships, guns and forts on 
which they can spend an immense treasury surplus. 

The trial of Munchrath for complicity in the mur- 
dier of Haddock at Sioux City is over. The jury re- 
tired Saturday evening and next day reported a ver- 
dict of manslaughter. An appeal will be taken, but 
the verdict will probably stand. It is received with 
satisfaction by the people, who saw with alarm the 
former triumph of the murderous saloon in the 
Arensdorf case. This conviction re-opens the whole 
case, puts the prosecution upon the vantage ground, 
as evidence valuable to the prosecution has been 
established, contradicting the defense set up by 
Arensdorf. The latter is fast losing the ill-deserved 
sympathy he has enjoyed; the saloons are all closed; 
the resources of the indicted conspirators are van- 
ishing, and a far different result awaits the chief 
actor in the great targedy when he shall be again put 
on trial. 

Rev. Mr. Goss, pastor of Chicago Avenue 
church, in this city, is preaching a series of six sec- 
ular sermons on consecutive Thursday evenings, 
commencing with the subject, "The Dignity of a 
Servant Girl's Position." His other themes are: 
"A Clerk's Temptations," "Poor People and Good 
Clothes," "The Manufacture of Paupers," "The 
Homes of the Poor," and "The Nineteenth Century 
Taskmasters." Mr. Goss's recent sermon in the in- 
terest of tailoring girls was the subject of general 
comment, and his known interest in the welfare of 
all classes of workingmen and women is drawing 
large and attentive audiences. The Inter Ocean pub- 
lishes an abstract of each discourse. A false and 
evil report has gone out that the recent trouble in 
the church which called Mr. Moody from the East 
came from the anger of wealthy manufacturers in 
the church. There are no such members. The ob- 
jection was for an altogether different reason, and the 
young pastor by using a mid-week evening for these 
discourses is harmonizing all conflicting interests. 

The decision of the Illinois Supreme Court a (firm- 
ing the judgment of the lower court was given to 
the world last Wednesday. The solemn sentence 
again sent a thrill of awe through all hearts, and 
seven men are to be hung on the 11th of November 
next, if their sentence is not commuted. Talk of an 
appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States, 
and the engagement of eminent lawyers is nearly 
subsided, and the anarchists within and without 

Cook County jail are giving every energy of 
thought and action to move Governor Oglesby to use 
his clemency. It cannot be denied that there is an 
ill-concealed sentiment in favor of commuting the 
sentences of Fielden and Schwab; but it is not 
likely to affect the Governor. The Knights of La- 
bor and labor union lodges quite generally in Chi- 
cago and New York are declaring against the ver- 
dict in spite of Powderly's declaration that his order 
is not anarchistic. The verdict is received gener- 
ally, however, with the belief that the courts have 
done their duty well, and* the decision, though 
reached through unusual ditliculties, is just and must 
be maintained. 



W. L. Wright, of Waukesha, Wis., said to me re- 
cently — and he is among the most intelligent and 
liberal supporters of all reforms — "I am now con- 
vinced that you can't carry the National Reform and 
anti-secret ideas separately, though I once thought 
that this could be done." He is now satisfied that 
the National Reform plow must be put in so deep 
that it will tear up by the roots the upas of secret 

Rev. J. D. Smith, pastor of the United Presbyte- 
rian church at ]jodi, Wis., is desirous of working in 
the anti-secret reform, but cannot leave home on ac- 
count of an invalid wife. He has helped me more 
in National Reform work than any minister in the 
State. He told me that true loyalty to Christ would 
never permit a National Reformer to dodge the anti- 
secret issue. The law of God is a unit, and Divine 
truth is a unit, and you cannot separate it, or ignore 
any part of it. 

But still there is reason and good sense, as Bro. 
Smith says, in each movement giving its main 
strength to its special department of reform. Let 
the anti-secret movement direct its main strength to 
prove the danger that comes to state and church 
from secret societies; and showing how they obstruct 
all reforms; and putting some other reform to the 
front if necessary, as a sugar coating to the pill. 
Also let the National Reformer, while showing the 
danger of leaving God out of government, not shun 
to declare when it comes in his way — and there are 
few places where it will not come in his way — that 
secret societies, especially Freemasonry, commits 
the same sin as the government, in putting another 
supreme above God and the Bible. But the advo- 
cates of each movement must confine their strength 
mainly to their distinct issues. A lecturer "will get 
mighty thin if he spreads himself over all reform 
questions." On the principle of division of labor, 
let us be mainly specialists. 

A generation ago, the National Reform idea, or 
the idea of God in government, was heralded by a 
somewhat eccentric but powerful preacher named 
Dr. James Renwick Willson, His dust for nearly 
fifty years has been sleeping in Coldenham church- 
yard. Orange Co,, N. Y. Dr. John Mason said in 
his day, that Dr. Willson was the most eloquent 
preacher in the United States. Prof. J, R, W, 
Sloane and Dr, A, M. Milligan were students under 
Dr, Willson, and I have heard them both declare 
that they got their main inspiration on this question 
from him, 

Sloane and Milligan were men such as the centu- 
ries seldom produce, Sloane was a power in argu- 
ment and debate, and Milligan was the eloquent ora- 
tor, I have heard Talmage and Beecher, but their 
words have never stirred my soul like the words of 
Dr, Milligan, But while these men by their popu- 
lar addresses in conventions and meetings, were the 
chief instruments in arousing a sentiment on the 
National Reform question, and popularizing the 
movement, yet they lacked the ability to organize 
that sentiment. This was left for two men who were 
students under Dr. Sloane. They were Dr, David 
McAllister, and Dr, T, P, Stevenson, the editors of 
the Chrittian IStatetman, who have given the best 
strength of their lives to this movement. Its per- 
fect organization, and judicious management, are 
due mainly to their iDtluence, They have made this 
question a life study, and are perhaps better author- 
ities on all (questions relating to government and 
God than any men in the nation. 

Recently at the liake Side convention where Dr. 
McAllister made an address, and presided at a quep- 
tion drawer, a large variety of questions were 
handed in, and the Doctor answered them so satis- 
factorily that the people could not help expressing 
their admiration. When the question in reference 
to secret srtieties came up, Dr, McAllister disposed 
of it in much the same style as Dr. Blanchard would 
have done. M. A. Qault. 



The annual meeting of the Wisconsin Christian Aseo- 
ciation will be held at Milton, Rock county, on the line 
of the Chicago and North Western railroad, also on the 
Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad, September 
28th and 20th, comnoencing at 9 a. m. od the 2Sth ioBt. 
This convention will be preceded by a four days' meet- 
ing conducted by I. R. B. Arnold and his eight associ- 
ates, in a large tent pitched for that purpose, There 
should be a general rally of friends from all parts of the 
State, and all who can should be present to attend Bro, 
Arnold's illustrated lecture on the lodge on the evening 
of the 27lh. J. W. Wood, i'm, 

W. W. Ames, Secy. 


The "Minnesota Christian Association" will meet in 
convention in Minneapolis? Tue'^day, Wednesday and 
Thursday, Oct. 4, 5 and 0, 1887, The church or hall will 
be announced later. 

The convention will open Tuesday evening with an 
address by Rev. J. P. Stoddard, Secretary of the N. C. A, 

Rev. C. F. Hawley, lecturer for the Iowa Christian 
Association, will be present. 

If any friend of the cause, man or woman, in Miuue- 
sota, Iowa, or Wisconsin, has aught to say on any phase 
of this great reform, he is hereby invited to be present 
and speak. Prepare yourselves well enough to speak 
briefly, and reporc to the undersigned at the convention. 

The afternoon sessions will be devoted to these 
speeches, the morning sessions to business. The even- 
ing sessions will be occupied by brethren Stoddard and 

The local committee of arrangements, Bro. Elwood 
Hanson, says that either free or very cheap homes will 
be provided for all who come and report at his office, 15 
Fourth Street, South. 

Buy the excursion ticket to Minneapolis which the 
railroads are now offering at reduced rates. Come up, 
brethren and sisters, in the name and spirit of Christ, to 
do your best for the cause. E. Q. Paine, Pres. M. C. A. 

N. B. — Will friendly pastors please announce to their 

^ • » 


The Eleventh Annual Meeting of the New Hampshire 
Christian Association will be held in Arcanum Hall, No. 
939 Elm street, Manchester, October 29, 30, 31, 1887, 
commencing Saturday at 2 o'clock p, m., and closing 
Monday evening; entertainment free. Reduced railroad 
fare expected from the following stations: Rochester, 
Dover, Newmarket Junction, Portsmouth, North Weare, 
Laconia, and Concord. Horse cars from depot to hall. 
Addresses, sermons and essays are expected from the fol- 
lowing persons: Rev. J. Blanchard of Illinois, Rev. E, 
W. Oakes, Manchester, Elders A. Kidder, C. L. Baker, 
Isaac Hyatt, 8. C. Kimball, Mrs. C. W. Bixby, Miss Annie 
M. Ray, Miss E. E. Flagg. and Miss I. D. Haines, evan- 
gelist of Maine. Miss Haines will preach the annual 
sermon and direct the devotional services. 


The undersigned, ministers and members of churches, 
feeling that the prevalent desecration of the Sabbath is 
injuring the churches, promoting infidelity and provok- 
ing the just anger of God, unite in calling a convention 
of Christian people who sympathize with us in this feel- 
ing to meet in Elgin. Illinois, November 8th, 1887, at 
7:30 r. M ; to continue in session through the following 
day. The purpose of this convention is to consider and 
pray and act in reference to this matter as (}od shall di- 
rect. The place of meeting will b6 subsequently an- 
A. H. Bali., IIknry Wilson, 

Elgin Cong'l Ch. Carpcnterville Cong'l Cb. 

H. H. MoNROK, E. F. Wruiht, 

Malta Cong'l Ch. Crystal Lake Cong'l Ch. 

W. L. Fkbris, Frank W. Smith. 

Dundee Cong'l Ch. (.iarden Prairie Cong'l Ch. 

C. E. Chapell, Del, W. I. Phillips, 

Malta Cong'l Ch. Pub. Christinn Cynwirrt. 

J. F. Robert, H. W. HAKnAUon, 

Wayne Cong'l Ch. Genoa Junct. Cong'l Ch. 

H. M. SkKHLS, .TnO. MlTtllELL, 

Evsngilist. Sycamore Cong'l Ch. 

CtiAS. H. Abbott, E. C. Giild, M. D., Mem., 

Geneva Congl' Ch. Bartlett Cong'l Cb. 

E. W. FisiiKii, Del., 
Wheat on Cong'l Ch. 

The above call, agreed upon by the brethren 
named, is now sent out with the earnest request that 
all Christians, especially all Christian ministers.will 
aid in making the convention a success. To this 
end, Ist Let every one approving of the meelicg 
cut out the call. paste it upon a sheet of foolscap pa- 
per, api)end his own name and secure others. 2nd. 
Present it to churches and other religious bodies 
and ask its endoreemont 3rd. When this work is 
done, forward the call with its signatures and en- 
dorsements to Ucv. John Mitchell, Sycamore, Ills. 
He will combine the signatures from all quarters. 
4th. Plan to be at the cnnvenlion with your friends. 
Let us rally for the Sabbath. 



September 22, 188T 



AgaiDEt the wooded hills it stands, 
Ghost of a dead home, staring through 

Its broken lights on wasted lands 
Where old-time harvests grew. 

I'nplowed, unsown, by scythe uushoru, 

The poor forsaken farm-fields He, 
(Ince rich and rife with golden corn. 

And pale green breadths of rye. 

<Jf healthful herb and flower bereft, 
The garden plot no housewife keeps ; 

Through weeds and tangle only left. 
The snake, its tenant, creeps. 

A lilac spray, once blossom-clad. 

Sways bare before the empty rooms ; 
Beside the roofless porch, a sad. 

Pathetic red rose blooms. 

His track, in mold and dust of drouth. 
On floor and hearth the squirrel leaves. 

And in the fireless chimney's mouth 
His web the spider weaves. 

The leaning barn, about to fall. 

Resounds no more on husking eves; 
No cattle low in yard or stall. 

No thresher beats his sheaves. 

So sad, 80 drear ! It seems almost 
Some haunting presence makes its sign ; 

That down yon shadowy lane some ghost. 
Might drive his spectral kine. 

—John Oveerihaf Whittier. 


Mrs. Barnes, with her friend Mrs. Preston, stood 
before a counter doing some morning shopping. 

"I have a consignment of muslin underwear that 
I would like to show you," said the proprietor. 
"They are much finer and cheaper than anything I 
have had heretofore." 

The ladies exclaimed as box after box was opened 
before them. 

"How pretty, and how well made!" said Mrs. 

"Good work and good material," said Mrs. Pres- 
ton, examining with critical eyes. 

"And the embroidery is so fine and put on so 
tastefully," said her friend. 

"They are much cheaper than you could get them 
by buying the material and having them made," 
said the proprietor, and his customers fully agreed 
with him. 

"How is it possible to sell them so cheap, and 
make any profit?" asked Mrs. Barnes. 

"Well, you see," said the gentleman, "the muslin 
is bought from the mills and the embroidery from 
the factories, by the million yards. The cutting is 
done by machines which cut thousands at one move- 
ment. And the sewing machines which make up 
the garments are run by water or steam power." 

"Still," said Mrs. Preston, "there must be a good 
deal of human power expended on the putting to- 
gether, the guiding of these dainty tucks and ruf- 
fles. I wonder," looking thoughtfully at one of the 
pretty garments, "how many backs and eyes have 
ached over these." 

"I suppose that's a consideration which has to 
enter in," said the proprietor. "It is very likely 
that those who have the most work in these things 
have the least profit." 

"You needn't, however, try to make me feel sol- 
eipn over them," said Mrs. Barnes, laughing. "I'm 
going to buy them, and take all the comfort I can 
out of their goodness and cheapness, without having 
it spoiled by your dismal reflections.' 

"It is very likely I shall buy, too," said Mrs. 
Preston, with a smile, "as I do not see my way to 
the correcting of whatever abuse may lie in the mat- 

Mrs! Barnes bought largely; Mrs. Preston took a 
few articles, remarking, "I must take measurements 
of my growing girls before 1 get any more." 

The ladies separated as they left the store, Mrs. 
I'reston taking Mie streetcars which led into the 
neighborhood of the bouse of her washwoman. 

She found Mrs. McFinn in the full tide of wring- 
ing, boiling, rinsing, and starching, but not too busy 
to sit down for a short time to enjoy the visit, made 
half for business, but half, she well knew, for friend- 

A girl with a slender form, and a face whose pale- 
ness and expression of wistful depression appealed 
strongly to Mrs. Preston's sympathies, was cowering 
over the stove as she came in, but soon after left the 

"Who is she?" asked Mrs. Preston. 

"O, it's a slip av a gurrel that'g got niver the bit 

av a father or mother, God help the crathur! She 
come up from the counthry lasht fall, to take a place 
in wan o' thim big shtores. An' they worked her 
very hard — she shtandin' on the two feet of her 
sometimes till 'livin o'clock o'nights whin the 
Christhmas thrade was doin'. An' whin that was 
over, they give her short notice to quit; an' she's 
been thryin' to sew since thin. But it's the shtarv- 
in' prices they pays for shop work. An' the poor 
bit av a thing comes m here to get warm, for it's no 
fire she has in her own room." 

The steamy air of the room, heavy with the vile 
odors of soiled linen, together with other odors 
which belong to crowded living and lack of ventila- 
tion, were already making Mrs. Preston long for a 
breath of the outside air. Mrs. McFinn's buxom 
figure seemed to thrive on the familiar atmosphere, 
but her visitor's heart ached with the thought of the 
pale girl, and her mind wandered to her own bloom- 
ing daughters. How could she bear to have them 
breathe such air for a moment? Had the mother of 
this girl, in dying, looked forward with sad forebod- 
ing to the possibilities which might await her child? 

"Couldn't she take a place at housework?" she 
asked — she had small sympathy for the sentiment, 
whatever it might be, which would keep a person 
from seeking the comforts of such a situation. 

"Well, ma'am, it's a wake back she's got, an' it's 
no heavy work she could be doin'." 

Mrs. Preston considered for a moment. 

"Tell her to come around to see me," she said, 
"and 1 will give her some sewing." 

"Indeed, ma'am, it'll be the blessed thing for her. 
She's thryin' with all her might to help somebody 
belonging to her, an' it's my belafe she don't get a 
dacent bit to ate from wan month's ehd to another." 

Mrs. Preston considered again, then asked to see 
the girl, and engaged her to come to her house and 
do sewing by the day. 

"Have you bought your underwear?" asked Mrs. 
Barnes of her friend as she stepped in for a morn- 
ing chat two or three weeks later. 

"No, I am hiring it made." 

Mrs. Barnes held up her hands in astonishment. 

"Why, Margaret, don't you know it's the most ex- 
travagant and thriftless thing in the world to hire 
such work done?" 

"Oh, I think not," said Mrs. Preston, smiling at 
her friend's vigorous way of expressing herself. "I 
am inclined to believe it about the most economical 
arrangement I have ever made." 

"Then you must be getting it done cheaply, won- 
derfully so. Now, begging your pardon, Margaret, 
I have my doubts about its being right to pay these 
very low prices. Doesn't it seem a little like grind- 
ing the faces of the poor?" 

"I hope I shall not do that," said Mrs. Preston, 
smiling now at Mrs. Barnes's virtuous air and words. 
"I am not putting the work out, but having it done 
in the house." 

"Margaret! It will cost you a small fortune! It's 
bad enough by the piece, but the idea of having 
plain sewing done by the day ! Why, I thought you 
had very sensible ideas on the subject of economy!" 

"Did you?" said Mrs. Prfeston, a sober look tak- 
ing the place of the smile. "I chanced to meet with 
a young girl who stood sorely in need of the com- 
forts of a home, a warm room to work in, and plenty 
of good, nourishing food, and I have taken so much 
pleasure in seeing the color and the roundness com- 
ing into her cheeks, and the forlorn, discouraged 
look going out of her eyes, that I feel as though I 
had made a very good bargain." 

'.'But it will take her weeks, or months, to do your 
plain sewing." 

"Probably. And she is nice and quick in her 
ways about other things; so, if nothing better offers 
for her, I may decide to keep her all the time." 

"Very nice for people that can afford it," said 
Mrs. Barnes. "You see, it is simply adding one 
more to j'our family. You are at the expense of 
her entire support." 

"Yes, and in view of the fact that I do not really 
need, all the time, exactly such help as she can give, 
it may look like an extravagance. But I have been 
thinking more about such things lately, Ruth, and I 
am not sure that our best economies are those in 
which we save the most money. To get right at the 
root of my idea — if I don't bore you?" — 

"No; go on. I like to hear you talk." 

"Well, when a man is able to marry and support 
a family — a decent Christian family, I mean — he is 
doing a great deal more good in the world than if 
he lived" only to himself, isn't he?" 

"Of course." 

"And if they keep one or more servants who be- 
come partakers of the comforts and good influences 
of the home, it is doing just so much more, isn't it?" 


"Well, now, it has become impressed upon me 

that when such a family is blessed with a fair share 
of prosperity, the best use they can make of it is to 
extend these benefits a little farther. Suppose, for 
instance, a friendless girl has a share of the com- 
forts under their roof, doing what lies in her power 
to earn them? Now, if in giving her the chance of 
doing so, my sewing costs me a little more than it 
otherwise might, I am quite willing to let the bal- 
ance go over to my gifts, feeling sure that the Lord 
will see that it is counted up fairly." 

"You are right," said Mrs. Barnes as she took her 

She walked home, musing on her friend and her 
friend's words and ways: " 'I was an hungered, and 
ye gave me meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me 
drink; I was a stranger, and ye took me in.' Yes, 
yes; she is doing it in the very letter and the spirit." 
— Sidney Day re, in Congregationalist. 


Stepping into the store of a Christian business 
man one day, I noticed that he was standing at his 
desk with his hands full of bills which he was care- 
fully counting as he laid them down one by one. 

After a brief silence I said: 

"Mr. Henry, just count out $50 from that pile of 
bills and make yourself or some other person a life 
member of the Christian Giving Society." 

He finished his count and quickly replied, "I'm 
handling trust funds now." 

His answer instantly flashed a light on the entire 
work and life of a Christian, and I replied to his 
statement with the question: 

"Do you ever handle anything but trust funds?" 

If Christians would only realize that all that God 
giv^es us is "in trust," what a change would come 
over our use of money. "I'm handling trust funds 

Let the merchant write the motto over his desk; 
the farmer over the income of his farm; the labor- 
er over his wages; the professional man over his 
salary; the banker over his income; the housekeep- 
er over her house expense purse; the boy and girl 
over "pocket money" — and what a change would be 
made in our business! 

A business man who had made a donation of 
$100,000 to a Christian enterprise once said in the 
hearing of the writer: 

"I hold that a man is accountable for every six- 
pence he gets." 

There is the Gospel idea of "trust funds." 

Let parents instruct and train their children to 
to "handle trust funds" as the stewards of God's 
bounty, and there will be a new generation of Chris- 

Thanks to Mr. Henry for the suggestive remark: 
"I'm handling trust funds now." It will help us to 
do more as the stewards of Gk)d. May it help others. 
— Christian Giver. 


Rachie went oQ. to school wondering if Aunt Amy 
could be right. 

"I will keep my eyes open," she said to herself. 

She stopped a moment to watch old Mrs.Bert.who 
sat inside her door binding shoes. She was just 
now trying to thread a needle, but it was hard work 
for her dim eyes. 

"Why, if here isn't work for me!" exclaimed Ra- 
chie. "I never should have thought of it if it hadn't 
been for Aunt Amy. Stop, Mrs. Bert, let me do that 
for you." 

"Thank you, my little lassie. My poor old eyes 
are worn out, you see. I can get along with the 
coarse work yet,but sometimes it takes me five min- 
utes to thread my needle. And the day will come 
when I can't work, and then what will become of a 
poor old woman?" 

"Mamma would say the Lord would take care of 
you,"8aid Rachie very softly, for she felt she was 
too little to be saying such things. 

"And you can say it too, dearie. Goon to school 
now. You've given me your bit of help and your 
comfort too." 

But Rachie had got hold of the needle-book, and 
was bending over it with busy fingers. 

"See," she presently said, "I've threaded six need- 
les for you to go on with. And when I come bapk 
I'll thread some more." 

"May the sunlight be bright to your eyes, little 
one," said the old woman as Rachie skipped away. 

"Come and play, Rachie," cried many voices as 
she drew near the play-ground. "Which side will 
you be on?" 

But there was a little girl with a very downcast 
face sitting on the porch. 

"What is the matter, Jennie?" said Rachie, going 
to her. 

Septekber 22, 1887 



"I can't make these add ap," said Jennie in a dis- 
couraged tone, pointing to a few smeary figures on 
her slate. 

"Let me see — I did that example at home last 
night. Oh, you forgot to carry ten — see?" 

"So I did." The example was finished and Jennie 
was soon at play with the others. 

Rachie kept her eyes open all day, and was sur- 
prised to find how many ways there were of doing 
kindnesses, which went far toward making the day 
happier. Try it, little girls and boys, and you will 
see for yourselves. 

"Will you look here. Miss llachie?" 

Bridget was sitting in the back porch,looking dole- 
fully at a bit of paper which lay on the kitchen ta- 
ble she had carried out there. 

"It's a letther I'm afther writin' to me mothcr,an' 
it's fearin' I am she'll niver be able to rade it, be- 
cause I can't rade it mesilf. Can you rade it all. 
Miss Rachie? It's all the afternoon I've been at 

Rachie tried with all her might to read poor 
Bridget's queer scrawl but was obliged to give it up. 

"I'll write one for you some day, Bridget," she 
said. "I'm going over to Jennie's to play 'I spy' 

The fresh air and the bird songs and the soft wind 
made it very pleasant to be out of doors after being 
in school all day. And her limbs fairly ached for 
a good run. But she turned at the gate for another 
look at Bridget's woebegone face. 

"I'll do it for you now. Bridget," she said, going 

It was not an easy task,for writing was slow work 
with her; but she formed each letter with painstak- 
ing little finger8,and when she had finished" felt well 
repaid by Bridget's warm thanks and a satisfied feel- 
ing of duty well done. 

"Our Master has takeu his journey 
To a country that's far away . " 

Aunt Amy beard the cheery notes floating up the 
stairs, telling of the approach of the little worker. 

"I've been keeping my eyes open, Aunt Amy,and 
there's plenty and plenty to do." — (SW. 


Hush, little fee£l go softly 

Over the echoiDg floor, 
Grandmother's readinc; the Bible 

There by the open door. 
All of Its pages are dearer still, 
Now she is almost down the hill . 

The golden summer sunshine 

Round her is gently shed, 
Gold and silver together 

Crowning her bending head, 
While she follows where saints have trod, 
Reading the blessed Book of God. 

Grandmother's |)a8t the morning, 

Past the noonday suu , 
And she Is reading and resting 

After her work is done ; 
Now in the (juiet autumn eves 
She has only to bind her sheaves. 

Almost through with trial. 

Almost done with care 
And the discipline of sorrow 

Hallowed by trust and prayer, 
Waiting to lay her armor down, 
To go up higher and take the crown. 

No little feet to foUow 

Over this weary road, 
No little hand to lighten 

Of many a weary load ; 
Children standing in honored prime 
Bless her now in her evening time. 

Grandmother has closed the volume, 

And by her saintly look, 
I'cace I know she has gathered 

Out of the sacred Book ; 
Maybe she catches through the door 
GlirapBCB of heaven's eternal shore. 

— V/irixtian MVcW//. 


There is, near Boston, in that i)art of Newton 
known as the Upper Fall, a most remarkable and 
magnificent structure justly called "Kcho Bridge." 
People from a distance visit it as one of the won- 
ders of New Kngland. The bridge is about .500 
feet long, and has seventeen arches. Six of these 
have spans of thirty-seven feet each, but the seventh 
is 130 feet, the second in size on this continent, and 
one of the largest stone arches in the world. But 
the most wonderful feature of this structure is the 
"echo," from which it derives its name. An ordin- 
ary shout will be repeateti from fifteen to twenty 
times, and it is said that a pistol-shot will cre- 
ate upward of twenty-five Bc-hoes. A party of visitr 

ors shouted the word "Ha!" and such a merry peal 
of laughter resounded, that they were forced to join 
it in spite of themselves. The word "echo" (with 
the accent on the last syllable) was spoken in a sharp, 
full tone, and the voice of the "cow-boy" was heard 
in the surrounding woods, calling, "co — co — co — co 
— CO," growing fainter and fainter, as, in imagina- 
tion, the boy with his cows left the party in tlie rear. 
— Congregationnlitt, 




What mean those one hundred and seventy-eight 
thousand ballots for the amendment? They were 
cast by the most intelligent, virtuous, loyal and pat- 
riotic citizens, and the heaviest tax payers of the 
State. These votes certainly did not mean mere 
"restriction" or "regulation." They did not mean 
high or low license. Nor did they mean "high tax" 
or "local option," nor any scheme which implies li- 
cense — thus making the people guilty and responsi- 
ble for the crimes and wretchedness caused by the 
traffic. All these schemes are cunningly devised 
evasions, shirks, to stave off the duty and responsi- 
bility of the real issue, to head off the Prohibition- 
ists and so keep the "G. O. P." in good favor with 
the liquor interest, and secure for it the liquor sup- 
port. All this tampering with the enemy favors, 
fattens, strengthens and emboldens the monster and 
prolongs the struggle for his destruction. 1 1 keeps 
the old wolf upon its legs, hungry, voracious and 
prowling for its prey. No, gentlemen, that 4th of 
April vote has no doubtful, no uncertain, no ecjuiv- 
ocal significance. It means death to the li<jUor traf- 
fic. It means straight out prohibition and nothing 
else. It means prohibition, "rooted and grounded, 
sure and steadfast" in the constitution; prohibition 
firmly imbedded in the fundamental law of the 

And now when the good people demand bread will 
you give thena stones? When they demand fish will 
you continue to give them scorpions? When they 
ask relief and protection from this Satanic traffic by 
prohibition will you open the flood gates of crime 
and woe upon them by license? Under this Satan- 
ic license or tax system the liquor mongers have 
grown to be a bloated, insolent and menacing oli- 
garchy, setting at defiance the laws of both God and 
man. Their traffic, like the slave traffic,is a piracy, 
and, like that inhuman traffic, has no rights but to 
die! Its saloon rows, riots, outrages. Sabbath dese- 
crations and bloody murders are the order of the 
day; and every newspaper teems with its revolting 
deeds. Its control, not only of votes but of courts, 
its manipulations of juries and evasion of convic- 
tions and of penalties, its thwarting of justice and 
escape from deserved punishment for its cold-blood- 
ed and atrocious crimes, are notorious and alarming 
to all lovers of law and order, of home and country. 

The old political parties have courted and coddled 
and licensed this bloated, beastly power until it has 
grown into a huge monster anaconda, under the in- 
fluence and power of whose crushing coils they are 
now writhing and beginning to cry out,"The saloons 
must go!" But the saloons won't go, gentlemen, so 
long as they are upheld and sanctified by your li- 
cense, tax or local option laws. They will continue 
to murder our sons, beggar and break the hearts of 
our daughters, and fill our prisons and poor-houses 
and mad-houses just so long as they can subordinate 
your parties to their base, selfish and devilish pur- 
poses. This monster will only loosen his terrible 
coils and yield his deadly grip by the ixjwer of en- 
tire prohibition. All monkeying around, all clap- 
trap legislation, all tampering with this excrescence, 
this moral putridity, will utterly fail to eradicate it. 

Detroit, Mich, 


1 wonder if any other mother has two l)oys who 
are such walking interrogation points as mine are. 
They come home from school bubbling over with 
information, which they proceed to impart to me in 
the Socratic fashion. 

"Mamma, who killed the Gorgon?" said Arthur— 
who is reading Charles Kingley's "Greek Heroes" 
— one day last week, when I was busy making a 
cottage pudding for dinner. I tried to remember 
whether it was Perseus or Theseus, and, on the 
Irishman's principle that if it was not one it was 
the other, managed to answer it right 

The next question proved not so easy. "Mam- 
ma, where are the Kastern Highlands?" 

"Oh, a part of Boston, I Buppose." J answered. 

absently, trying to remember whether I had put any 
salt into the pudding sauce. 

"Not right!" said my young mentor; "the Kastern 
Highlands extend from the Appalachian system to 
the Great Atlantic Plain." 

"Well," I said, "you can see the great Atlantic 
plain in Boston; that is, if you stand on high enough 
ground and use your eyes." 

"Oh, you mean the great Atlantic Ocean; that 
isn't it at all," said my disgusted young teacher. 

The new temi)erance textrbooks have just l)C€n 
introduced into our schools, so, now, my teaching is 
all on the line of the physical effects of alcohol on 
the human system. 

"Mamma, what does alcohol do to the muscles?" 
said Kddie, the younger and more fervid apostle of 
temperance, the other day. 

"I suppose it weakens them," I said, doubtfully. 

"No, it don't; it changes the muscles into fat," 
said Master Eddie, and both boys looked suspi- 
ciously at my plump self. 

"Oh, well," I answered, quickly, in self-defense, 
"it doesn't make gootl, solid fat, but soft and flabby." 

Both boys gave my arm a reassuring pinch, and 
confidence was restored to their young bosoms. 

"What does alcohol do to the human stomach?" 
was the next question. 

"It causes dys[)ep3ia," said I, taking refuge in a 
long word. 

"Worse than that," said both boys in chorus; "it 
takes the coat all off a man's stomach." 

"I have known it to take the coat off bis back, 
too," I answered, jocosely; but they were in no jok- 
ing mood. 

"That is nothing, mamma; a man might stop 
drinking, and earn money and buy a new coat for 
his back, but he could never get his coat for his 
stomach back again." 

Another time, when we had boiled eggs for break- 
fast, the boys took occasion to explain how the 
brain becomes cooked in alcohol until it is almost 
like the bard-boiled egg, till, at last, I said: 
- "Well, boys, how do you suppose a man feels 
with his muscles turned to fat, the coat of his stom- 
ach all gone, and his head full of hard-boiled eggs 
instead of brains?" 

"I think he didn't know what it was going to do 
to him, or he wouldn't have used it," said Eddie. 
"You won't get any of the school-boys to use it, not 
if they was a-dying," he protested, forgetting his 
grammar in his earnestness. 

After the boys had gone to school I kept think- 
ing of Eddie's words, and thanking God for scien- 
tific temperance teaching in the schools. — Zion't 


« » > 


The State I'rohibition convention met in Worces- 
ter September 7. It was composed of 857 delegates, 
representing 190 cities and towns. Three thousand 
five hundred dollars was raised for campaign pur- 
poses. A telegram was sent to Neal Dow stating 
the number present and saying: "Cheer up, old 
man; your children are growing to a mighty height" 
W. H. Earle of Worcester was nominated for Gov- 
ernor; Dr. John Blackmer of Springfield for Jiieu- 
tenant Governor; Amos E. Hall of Chelsea for Sec- 
retary of State; J. H. Kilborn of Lee for State Treas- 
urer; E. M. Stowe for Auditor, and Allen Collin of 
Nantucket for Attorney General. The platform ac- 
cuses the liquor men of bribing legislatures and 
murdering its opponents; declares against licensing 
and local options; insists on the necessity of a thinl 
party; declares that the DemoiTatic party makes no 
pretensions in the direction of prohibition, and that 
the Republican party does nothing else, and, in con- 
clusion, it demands the immediate repeal of all li- 
cense laws and the submission of a constitutional 
prohibition amendment to the i)eoplc. 
-^ ^-^ 

The new law in New York against Ihc adultera- 
tion of wine has just gone into effetrt It ptohibits 
among other things the "carbonating" process for 
making champagne. The dealers arc preparing to 
fight the law. 

The late Iowa Republican convention put this 
plank in their platform: "Iowa has no compromise to 
hold with the salmon. We declare in favor of the faith- 
ful and vigorous enforcement in all parts of the 
State of the pn">hibitory law. The pharmacy law and 
the county jwrmil law should be so amended as to pre- 
vent the drugstore or wholesale liquor law from lie- 
coming in any manner the auhsiituto or sucit'ssorof 
the saloon." This is the emphatic i>oaition that 
should be everywhere taken by the KepublicaLs. 
Such a course is the only salvation of the party. A 
large botly of the party in Iowa, however, have se- 
ceded, and are working up an independent move- 
ment with the hope of keeping it alive on litjuor. 



September 22, 1887 

REFORM NBW8 {Continued from 5th page). 

can be used when sent to the treasurer of the State 
Association, James Harvey of Pleasant Plain, Jef- 
ferson county, Iowa, in paying what is behind of 
the expenses' of last year's work. But now the ef- 
fort is to raise a subscription to meet the expenses 
of a second year. Why should the work cease? 
Who will help financially to carry the reform for- 
ward in the State of Iowa? 

Dr. J. N. Norris, the veteran of the anti-lodge re- 
form in Iowa, was gone on a visit to his children in 
Nebraska. They miss him at home, and I was sorry 
to find him away. He headed the subscription with 
$1 per month for the last year. Dr. W. Pitt Nor- 
ris promptly subscribed $1 per month for the sec- 
ond year. Henry McCausland followed with the 
same. Bro. J. Graham, a pillar in the Free Meth- 
odist church of Birmingham, subscribed 50 cts. a 
month, as did Dr. J. C. Norris and Bro. C. M. Thomp- 
son of the Christian church. Each of these gave 
the same subscription they gave last year, except 
Dr. J. C. Norris, who doubled his. Wm. Miser, who 
is also a pillar in the F. M. church and a seceded 
Mason, subscribed $5 for the second year. 

There is an unchartered, clandestine Masonic 
lodge in Birmingham, and Bro. Miser assured me 
that they do as perfect work as any of the "lawfully 
constituted lodges" in that or the adjoining counties. 
A number more subscribed so that on Saturday I 
booked $53 in subscriptions to the State Association. 
At 1 1 A. M. on the Sabbath I preached in the 
U. P. church for Rev. George Warrington, the pas- 
tor, who is president of the Iowa Association and 
editor of the Birmingham Free Press and also of the 
Psalm Singer, an able monthly fast coming into fa- 
vor with the Psalm-singing churches. In the even- 
ing I preached in the Free Methodist church. 

On Monday 1 took subscriptions to the amount of 
$29, and Tuesday night I lectured in the U. P. 
church. Dr. W. Pitt Norris assured me that his 
father and himself would secure what additional 
subscriptions they could in their county. The re- 
formers of Iowa are determined to push on the 
work until God, in his good providence, shall give 
the victory. If the same indomitable spirit, that 
many have manifested, is in the hearts of the 
friends of reform throughout the State, we shall be 
able to go forward through the year to come despite 
the obstacles in our way because of the prevailing 
drouth. Let friends of the anti-secret reform, all 
over Iowa, send in their subscriptions or cash do- 
nations to James Harvey, State treasurer. You will 
find his name and address among the officers of the 
Iowa State Associatipn published every week in the 

From Birmingham I came to Pleasant Plain and 
stopped with James Harvey. Here I lectured Sat- 
urday evening and preached in the Friends meeting 
house Sabbath morning and in the Presbyterian 
church at night. James Harvey, Aaron Burgess, J. 
C. Paxton, Milton Paxton and John Lena subscrib- 
ed to carry forward the reform work another year, 
and Mrs. Dr. Smith gave a cash donation of $5. 

From Pleasant Plain I went to Washington and 
called upon Dr. Crawford. I was encouraged to 
find the last year's subscription so nearly paid, and 
to be assured that those who had not already paid 
were staunch men whose pledge was as good as 
money in bank. I had only time to begin the work 
of securing a renewal of subscriptions at Washing- 
ton for another year. 

I cut short my work at Washington to go to Os- 
kaloosa to attend the Friends' Yearly Meeting, to 
secure the enlarged co-operation of Friends repre- 
sented in that body. 

I hope that the annual meeting of the Iowa Chris- 
tian Association, to be held at College Springs,Page 
county, Oct. 18, will be largely attended by the 
friends of reform. The outlook at the Oskaloosa 
Yearly Meeting will be given in my next. 

C. F. Hawley. 

Religiotjs News. 

— Evangelist Moody does not intend going to In- 
dia. His reasons are that the work of the mission- 
aries is more successful than his meetings. He will 
fiuite likely labor this fall in the Southwest, possibly 
beginning in Kentucky. 

— I). W. Whittle begins a series of meetings at 
Ottumwa, Iowa, Sept. 15. From thence he goes to 
Dubuque, Iowa, and after that to Keokuk, reaching 
the latter place by Nov. 15. It is understood that 
some concerted ofTort is being made to keep him in 
Iowa this season. 

— Eight or ten of the churches in the central part 
of the city of Toronto, Canada, have secured the 
services of the noted evangelist. Dr. L. W. Munhall, 
for a series of evangelistic meetings to begin on 

September 18, Dr. Munhall will be accompanied 
by Professor and Mrs. Towner, so well and widely 
known for their services in Gospel song. The serv- 
ices are to be entirely undenominational, and will be 
held in one of the largest rinks in the city. Dr. 
Munhall spent a portion of August conducting the 
night meetings at Lakeside, Ohio. August 24 he 
began a two weeks' campaign at Bowdoin Square 
Baptist church, Boston. 

— Bev. Geo. F. Pentecost, D. D., plans to begin in 
Stamford, Conn., or Amesbury, Mass. In Novem- 
ber he goes to Augusta, Me. ; in December, to Law- 
rence, Mass.; thence to Gloversville, Utica, Schenec- 
tady and Rochester, N. Y., to June 1st, 1888. 

— Charles Herald begins evangelical work in early 
September at Geneseo, 111. He is also urged to go 
to Ft. Wayne, Ind., from Geneseo. On Sunday, 
Oct. 9th, he begins a series of meetings in Hartford, 
Conn. Nov. 1st he enters upon work in the Cooper 
Union, N. Y., for six months. 

— The Secretary of the American Board of For- 
eign Missions has lately received letters depicting a 
terrible condition of affairs among the famine- 
stricken people of the Cicilian plain, Asia Minor. 
The inhabitants are literally starving, and the mis- 
sionaries at Adana are furnishing bread to 1,500 
families. The American Board has made an ap- 
peal for funds with which to alleviate the distress. 
Contributions for that purpose should be forwarded 
to the treasurer, Langdon S. Ward, No. 1 Somerset 
street, Boston. 

— A deputation from the Edinburgh Medical Stu- 
dents' Missionary Association is to visit America in 
the interests of evangelistic work. The deputation 
consists of Professors Simpson and Greenfield, of 
the Edinburgh University, and Professor Drum- 
mond, whose name has become a household word 
all over the world. The deputation is also to con- 
sist of a number of students. This deputation has 
already visited most of the universities in Scotland 
and England. 

— At the last meeting of the American Bible So- 
ciety in New York the attention of the Board was 
called to the recent official order prohibiting the use 
of the Dakota language in certain schools in Monta- 
na and Dakota Territory, and a committee consist- 
ing of Dr. Fancher, the Hon. John Jay and Secreta- 
ry Gilman was appointed to consider this matter in 
its relation to the circulation of the Scriptures print- 
ed by the Society in the Indian languages. 

— Over two million dollars is the sum to be dis- 
tributed under the will of the late Cornelius B. Ir- 
win, of New Britain, Conn., President of the Russell 
and Irwin Manufacturing Company. Among the be- 
quests are $10,000 each to the American Home Mis- 
sionary Society, American Missionary Association, 
American Baptist Home Missionary Society, and the 
Connecticut Industrial School for girls; $30,000 for 
Mariette College, Ohio, and $25,000 for Oliver Col- 
lege, Michigan. 

— The religious statistics of Prussia, taken in De- 
cember, 1885, have been published. According to 
these the Protestants number 18,243,587, or 64.42 
per cent of the total population; the Catholics, 9,- 
621,624, or 33.07 per cent; 366,543, or 1,30 per cent 
are Jews. 

— The New Testament, which was translated into 
Hebrew by the late Rev. Isaac Salkinson, mission- 
ary among the Jews of Vienna, has been reprinted 
there in a second edition of 120,000 copies. By 
means of the subscription of one generous Scotch 
donor, 100,000 copies are at his request to be dis- 
tributed among the Hebrew-reading Jews all over 
the continent. 

— Rev. Mr. Tong, a Chinese Baptist preacher, de- 
livers exhortations in front of a large pagan temple 
in Chinatown, San Francisco, every Sunday. 

— The Telugu Mission of the (English) Church 
Missionary Society received 330 members by bap- 
tism last year. There are now 5,707 baptized Chris- 
tians in connection with this prosperous mission. 

— Dr. Horatius Bonar, of Edinborough, Scotland, 
has been in the ministry for fifty years, and is now 
making arrangements to retire from active work. 
He is an able and earnest preacher, a somewhat vol- 
uminous writer, and the author of some of the most 
beautiful Christian hymns in our language. 

— There are now upon the upper Congo seven 
steamers, four owned by the Free State, one by 
France, and two by missionary societies. The fleet 
will soon be doubled by the addition of another 
Free State steamer, one for Bishop Taylor's mission, 
and those belonging to the Compagnie Beige du 
Congo, and the American, Dutch and French trad- 
ing companies. 

— Bishop Tattle of the Protestant Episcopal 

Missions, twenty years after his first arrival there, 
says: "I have lived to see the imperious arrogance 
of Mormonism bite the dust, although deep-seated, 
obstinate rebelliousness remains." During his one 
month's visit he had confirmed fifty persons, of 
whom twenty-five came out of Mormonism. 

— In the First Baptist church, San Francisco, Sun- 
day, Aug. 21, nearly a thousand dollars were raised 
for a Chinese mission building in that city. This 
was a good thing to do in the city where the cry was 
first heard, "The Chinese must go." 

— According to the statistical report of the Sun- 
day-schools in the United States, rendered at the 
late International Congress held in Chicago, there 
has been an increase in the scholar membership of 
all the Sunday-schools in the United States since 
1884, of 365,645. 

— The Moravian Society for Propagating the Gos- 
pel among the Heathen (American), will celebrate 
its centennial anniversary November Ist. 


Pp. 112. Price, 25 cents. 

Utopia. By Sir Thomas More. 
Jolin B. Alden, New York. 

Every reader of English has heard of the fanciful 
region born in the imagination of Sir Thomas More, 
the learned and justly celebrated chancellor of 
Henry VlII. of England, but comparatively few 
have ever seen the book that gave a new word to 
our language. It was a happy thought of Mr. Al- 
den, now that questions of political and social econ- 
omy are leading all others, to reprint this celebrated 
book in a pleasing style and at such a price that its 
sale should at least equal Henry George's volumes. 
Utopia describes an imaginary model country and 
people, and, like the "Atlantis" of Plato, is an at- 
tempt, after the best ideas of the age in which it 
was written, to "construct a community whose social, 
religious and political relations shall approximate 
perfection. There are not a few suggestions in the 
theory of this old statesman which might be wisely 
followed in our time. Not the least charm of this 
little volume is in the learned and elegant style in 
which it is written. 

Entire Sanctification, a second work of Grace. By Rev. 
C. B. Whitaker. Pp. 165. 8. B. Shaw, Holiness Record office. 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

We believe that all sincere efforts to help the 
Christian church to understand the mission of the 
Holy Spirit, and to bring individual Christians to ac- 
cept him fully as Comforter, Guide, Sanctifier, the 
present Immanuel, God with us, should be encour- 
aged. The church of God is deplorably weak be- 
cause the Scripture teaching is either not believed 
or understood, or at least not practiced in its reve- 
lation of the Divine Comforter. This little volume 
teaches the necessity of personal consecration and 
the sealing of the Spirit in sanctification, rather 
by example than precept. The author's personal 
experience is first given, an arrangement which 
might be sharply criticized,then follow the relations 
of Carvosso, Finney, Bishop David Edwards and 
others, some of which have become almost hack- 
neyed. An interesting chapter, which might well 
have been first, is that of Bible characters who have 
walked with God on the earth. There is always 
something repulsive and irreverent in the frequent 
use of the term "second work" in speaking of the 
work of the Holy Spirit. It is nowhere used in 
Scripture, and it discredits his 'first work and third 
work and fourth work. "The wind bloweth where 
it listeth, ... so is he that is born of the Spirit," 
says Christ. He does not work according to the 
mathematics or regulations of theologians or specu- 
lators, wise men though they may be. In this let 
us not dishonor him. 

The Lincoln history in the Century, by the private sec- 
retaries of Mr. Lincoln, Messrs. Nicolay and Hay, will 
deal during the coming year with the political and mili- 
tary history of the early period of the war. New light 
will be thrown upon certain events of that period by the 
publication of correspondence and other documents 
never before printed, and unknown to but a small circle. 
Tbe failure of crompromise will be described and ex- 
plained, as well as Lincoln's policy, conduct and confiden- 
tial correspondence after his election and previous to his 
inauguration. The historians now enter upon a more 
personal part of their narrative. 

The September number of the Cosmopolitan opens with 
an interesting illustrated article on "How the Persians 
Live," by Wolf von Schierbrand, the private secretary 
of Minister Winston, while the latter was the American 
representative at the Persian court. "The Hurricane 
Island" by Herbert H. Smith, the distinguished natural- 
ist, describes St. Thomas, famous for its destructive hur- 
ricanes and its picturepque scenery. The second install- 
ment of Arnold Burges Johnson's recollections of Charles 
Sumner contains many facts in regard to the great states- 
man that are now published for tbe first time. It is ac- 
companied by a fine portrait of Sumner by Tietze; the 
church, writing from Salt Lake City to the Spirit of frontispiece of the number is a fine pitcture of "Sumner 


September 22, 1887 



land Longfellow." "Shall America have 
Ambassadors?" is a question thatMoncure 
D.Conway answers in the negative, show- 
ing how useless they are, and how unfavor- 
able is the influence of court life upon them. 

Lodge Notes. 

Twenty-four lodges advertised their 
meetings in a late Sunday paper of Chi- 

Rev. Charles Conklin, a Universalist 
minister on the West Side, Chicago, on a 
late Sabbath evening preached on "The 
Church and Secret Societies." 

Powderly publishes in response to the 
German Catholic convention lately held 
in Chicago: "The Knights of Labor are 
neither anarchists, socialists nor prohibi- 

, Prominent Fenians have been accusing 
' O'Donovan Rossa of giving away the se- 
Wets of their order in an exposition pub- 
iished in a New York daily last month, 
^ossa denies the charge. 
Ij An order for the annual church parade 
pf the Uniform Rank, Knights of Pythias, 
Is issued. Several Generals, Colonels, Ad- 
jutant Generals, etc., of this lodge are 
Ebsent from Chicago, and there is a gen- 
ral suspense until they return. 
;' General Fairchild states that he is not 
J a candidate for re-election as Commander- 
in-Chief of the G. A. R. The Depart- 
' ments of Idaho and Arizona have been 
organized, making now forty depart- 
ments of the G. A. R. in the country. 

The uoper floor or the new Hay market 
Theater Building, going up on West Mad- 
ison street, Chicago, is being built ex- 
pressly for secret societies, and the rooms 
will to ready about Jan. 1. This is a 
happy combination — theater and lodge. 

I The "Patriotic Order Sons of Ameri- 
ica" announces with swelling pride at the 
privilege of protecting the nation: "One 
of the objects of the Sons of America is 
the advancement of the free public school 
system, and should any sectarian body 
attempt its destruction, it will be met 
with by opposition from 100,000 sworn 
Sons of America." 

Charles S. Crane, a Chicago business 
man, was buried on the Sabbath, Sept. 
I 11, with great Masonic parade, Dr. Thom- 
as and BishopFallows doing the religious 
i rites. Mr. Crane was prominent in Ma- 
I sonic circles, being a member of Cleve- 
[ land Lodge, Siloam Council, Washington 
I Commandery, Chicago Commandery, 
I Oriental Consistory, and St. John's Con- 
^clave of the Red Knights of Rome and 
, Constantine. He was also one of the 
founders and president of the Masonic 
Benevolent Association. 

A large meeting of the county board of 
the Ancient Order of Hibernians was held 
on a late Sabbath afternoon in Chicago, 
to hear the report of the State ofBcers 
and board of insurance trustees. John 
O'Callagban, State Treasurer, made a 
report showing that since the adoption of 
the pro rata plan of the assignment fif- 
teen deaths had occurred which had been 
paid with $15,000. The yearly cost of 
insurance was shown to be less than that 
of similar organizations, while the mor- 
tality was very much less. 

At the National Brewers' Union meet- 
ing in Detroit last week, the following 
resolutions were unanimously adopted: 

Whkkeas, T. V. Powderly, General 
Master Workman of the Knights of La- 
bor, has recently in his speeches proved 
himself opposed to the sale of intoxicat- 
ing beverages, and, 

Wheiibas, The General Executive 
Board of the Kinghts of Labor has sus- 
tained him in his views, and, 

Whbkeab, The constitution of the 
Knights of Labor contains a provision 
N prohibiting the admission of organiza- 
tions whose members are identified with 
' the manufacture or sale of intoxicating 

beverages, and, 
/ WnEKEAs, The order of the Knights 
I of Labor has not given us any assistance 
1 whatever in our struggle against capital, 
\ and, 

I Whereas, Laws which would prohibit 
\ I the manufacture of intoxicating bever- 
\ ages would be detrimental to several thou- 
isands of brewery employes and their fam- 
jilies, and would cut ofC a revenue of 
(millions of dollars from the Government's 
income, be it 

Resolved, That we, the National Asso- 
ciation of the United Brewery Employes, 
Icondemn the action of General Master 
Workman Powderly as detrimental to our 



The following have made remittancea 
of money to the Gtjnoaure from Sept. 12 
to 17 inclusive. 

Mrs S C Upton, W P Davis, W Fenton, 
J Kirkpatrick, G Baker, J W Reed, W 
8 McClanahan, Rev H B Wolcott, J 
McLeod, N Connet, B A Brittingham, L 
W Krahl. C Kennicott, Rev H C Ross, 
Mrs L H Hull, Rev P Bacon, J H Clark, 
F A Armstrong, J D Wood, A K Martin. 
B T Pettengill, J T Stevenson, Mrs F 
Patton, R Miller. Mrs A Floyd. Mrs M 
A Gamble, W R Chase, MOB Wagar, P 
Baldwin, C Kommissaris. 


Will be furnished to those who desire in- 
formation or who will distribute them 
where they will do the most good. 

There are in stock now a large number 

"freemasonky in thb family." 

This is especially interesting to ladies. 
"to the boys who hope to be men." 

It is illustrated and will please the 
school children. 

"selling dead horses." 

You can always get the attention of 
farmers or men who are interested in 
horses with this tract. 

"moody on secret societies" 
leads Christians to separation. 

A limited number of two new tracts 
will be sent to any who need them. 
"the sons of veterans." 
"in which army are you?" 

Remember these tracts will be sent you 
freely. But any who wish to contribute 
to this Free Tract Fund are earnestly re- 
quested to do so. 

Ought you not, once a year at least, to 
put a tract into each one of your neigh- 
bor's houses? Will you send for a supply 

National Christian Association, 
821 W. Madison St., Chicago. 



Wheat-No. a 6~X@ 68 

No. 3 65 

Winter No a 70^ 

Com— No. a 40^a 415^ 

Oat»-No.a «^ 85 ® 27K 

Rye— No. 2 47 

Branperton US'* 

Hay— Timothy 9 .50 @14 75 

Butter, medium to best 16 @ 24 

Cheeee 07 @ 15 

Beans 1 2.5 @ 2 40 

Seeifr^Ttaiothy .' ".*.'.'.' !!!!.'.'.*.' 2 05 a 2 2S 

Flax 117 

Broomcora 02>^@ 07 

PotatocB per bus 75 @ 80 

Hides— Green to dry flint 07>^@ 13 

Lumber— Common 1100 ^18 00 

Wool 10 @ 34 

Cattle— Choice to extra 4 70 @ ,'> 30 

Common to good 1 20 a 4 M 

Hogs 8 50 @ 5 30 

Sheep 8 75 ® 4 35 


Flour 320 @560 

Wheat— Winter 78 @ 82 

Spring 78 

Com 49 @ 5"«; 

Oats 32 ^ 41 

Eggs 16 

Butter 16 @ 2.'") 

Wool , 09 37 


CatUe^^^ ^ 1 30 a 4 50 

Hogs.^.^ .^ 2 2.'. 3 5 (K) 

•k«m ^^ .-™-.^200 O 3 50 


By K Past Chancellor. A full lIlnmrHtort (•xniwUhm 
of llic llirfo rnnkn of ilu> onliT, witli tlio mlilltli.ii of 
.he "Amondoil. rrrfpotoil niiil Ainpllilrri Tlilnl 
Kiink." Tho lodgi-rooni, 8l(nm, count itiiIriiii. ifrlpii, 
etc., lire oliown l>y ciiirrBvliiK». ■acontii •ach; nor 
d«son,r2.(l)l. AiIdrcDH llio 


W W. Masuo" *t.. CHl«4a* 



Containing some Sixty FBOHIBITION, be- 
sides many Patriotic, Social, DeTOtional and 
MlscellaneooB Bongs. The whole comprising 




By the well-known 

Geo. ^V. Clark. 


The coUectlon Is Dedicated to HUMANITY 
HAPPY HOMES, against the CRIME and 

SiNOLB Copt 80 Cbnts. 
National Christian Association, 

881 W. Madison Street Chicago. 





Bishop FUcklnger of the U. B. church says 
that, "This volume will well repay a care- 
ful reading not only for Its discussion and ex- 
position of these 60cletle8,but because It gives 
much valuable Information respecting other 
Institutions of that great continent." 

J. Augustus Cole, the author of this pam- 
phlet Is a native of Western Africa, and Is of 
pure negro blood. He has given much time 
and care to the Investigation of the secret so- 
cieties and heathen customs of Western Afri- 
ca. He joined several of the secret orders for 
the purpose of obtaining full and correct In- 
formation regarding their nature and opera- 
tion. His culture and superior powers of dis- 
crimination render what he has written most 
complete and reliable. 

99 pages, paper, postpaid, 25 cents. 

National Christian Association. 

«8l "W. MAdiow It.. CU^^m^^ VS*^ 




rmit«lnl.i(f tlif Rtims. frrlpK, panswonls, emblvins. etc 
«f FriM-iiianonry (Blue Lo<lK>'»ndtoilii> fourtaeaili dc 
Itroi'of Ilie Yorkrllcl. Adoptive M,i]>onrv, Rgvlacd 
Odd fellowship, fii'od Tciii|>lnr'»'n. 'lie Tei^He of 
Honor, the tTulteil Sonii of Indiiniry. KiilfrhU^^Vtb- 
limi'ndfhe Ornnpe.wllh iiffiduvltH, etc, Over^^bU, 
99 pill;! », piipiT co\cr. Trie ' i". rents: riUlPcrflOWt. 

For Hale liy tlir NatioiiHl Clirlgt l«n .\ii»ocl»- 
tloii, mt Heuil-qu»rt»r» for .\utl-S« .aof 

Card Photographs. 



Price, 10 Cenu each. 



20 Cents each. 

National Cheistian Association, 
221 W. Madiaon St. Chicago 



Labor Troubles, 






Prof. Lumry's book, "National Suicide and 
Its Remedy," will be read with profit even by 
those who do not accept its doctrine, that tak 
Ing Interest for money loaned, one or more per 
cent, is sin, taking something for nothing. 
For, as Goldsmith said of his Vicar of Wake- 

E'en bis fallings lean to virtue's side. 

— Cyiwstire. 

Dr. Lumry is a man of ideas and never fails 
to make his readers understand just what they 
are. Every sentiment he writes has such an 
air of honesty that it will in a measure disarm 
those who read to criticise. It Is a good book 
to set people to thinking, whether they believe 
his theories or not. The book is well worth a 
careful reading and study. — Inter Ocean. 

On all the points named they diSer radically 
from those wnlch prevail in the organization 
of society. Either they are true or false. It 
is a curious fact that all of them have been 
stigmatized as crazy, and yet nearly all of 
them have been for some years steadily gain- 
ing the adherence of men of intellectual abil- 
ity. — Times. 

Frioe, postpaid. Cloth bound, SLOO, Pa- 
per bound, 7S cents. 

Address. W. 1. PHILLIPS. 

•m W. llatUion St.. Ctilcaso. Illo 





.A.T J^ a-1-.-A.ISXOH:: 


PuMt M»!>>tor or Hcy.xitone Lo«lgr, 

IVo. nsn, ChicMKo. 

Illnotrnten eTPry rIitd, (rrlp nml c»>r»inony of thn 
Lodge and (riven n liriof t'xplnnstioii of oacn, ThI* 
work Khoiild bo •eattorvd likn lenvwH all o\pr the 
WHintry. It l» r«o chenp that It eiiii be hmmI n« 
trnel-. and luouey %\\u* exponileJ will bring a Nmiu- 
tlful hnrvoet. SI pniion. Vrlco, postpaid. 6 oenU. 
Fvr 1(>>. | Addreaa, 

National Christian Association, 

The Danger — The Laborer's Griev- 
ance — The Laborer's Foe — The 

Laborer's Fallacy — The 
Laborer's Hope — Mind and Mus- 
cle — Co-Lal)orer8. 


The Papers Sajr of this Book: 

"It Is well to remind the world of the frreat taw of 
human brotherhood, but how to make the 'mure Ken 
eral application of It y "Aye, there's the rub I' Oar 
author contributes his mite In that direction, and hU 
voice HDd reasonlDK will reach some ears and per- 
baps touch some understandings and move poine 
selQsh hearts that are buttoned np verr closely and 
hedged around by over much respectability and coir 
fortable prosperity."— Chicago Trlbane. 

"The writer does his work In a way remarkah 
alike for Its directness. Its common sense. Its linpar 
tlallty. lis lucidity and Its force. He has no theories 
to support; he deals with facts as he finds them; he 
fortifies his assertions by arrays of dcnionotrtiilTe 
statistics. The work Is among the best of the kind 
If It Is nut the best that we have seen. While It Is 
scarcely possible for It to be put In the hands of all 
our wage-workers, we wish It coold be read by every 
one of them."— Chicago Interior. 

Extra Cloth 60c., Paper 30c. 

Address, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

28 W. Madison St., Chicago, IDb. 





This simple and touching story which 
was lately published in the Cyno- 
sure is now ready for orders in a beautiful 
pamphlet. It is worth reading by every 
Anti-mason —and e*peeiaUy by his wifk. 
Set it and take it home to cheer the heart 
of your companion who may desire to do 
something for Christ against great eyils, 
but is discouraged from making any pub- 
lic effort. Phics, rtmxs cbhts. Ttm 
for a doUar 

National Cliristian Association. 

Ths Facts StatQd. 


This i« a sixteen page pamphlet oomprlslus a)* 
ter written by Mr. We«Ml, an.I read at the unTel.lnt 
o.' the m.inument erootod to the memory of Cav>l. 
Wllllaui Morgan. The fronllnpltH-e 1« an eutrraTiiiC 
of the monument. It i» a history of the unl.-.wfe 
■eUare andconflueraeut of Morgan lu theCni • ■ 
sua Jail, hHsul-ae^juent c.>nv««yanro hy Frtn" 
to Fort Niagara. »nd drowning In lj\ke ni:;.. i 
Ho not only gulwcrlbe* hli" vtMX to the letter, but 
iTTACHKn uirt ATrinivrr to It. , ,. ^ w 

In cl. wing hid letter he wrltee: I now lo'k D«c« 
through nu Interval of flfty-ali years with a ooo- 
KloiiK »en»e of having been goveriifJ througn IM 
"Anll-Manonln excitement " by a sincere deKtr% 
flixt. to vindicate the vIolaU«d lawn of my countty, 
■Hi n-xt. to arrext the great power and daug(.r««l 
" luenoeeof •• eecret i«x-K>Ue«." 

Fue pamphlet Is well worth perusing, and H 
-jM* ttielaat hlsUirloai artlole which thl* gr«M 
imllst end poUttoUo wrote. ( OUloago, N atJoaa/ 
llan AswxiUttoc.1 Blngl* oopy. A oenta. 

National Christian Association. 



a 1 lirli-'Uoi. 
lloiltiluilr* I: 
,o\er SNi'. p<"r 
\.i t"tirl»ll:l'> 

f..r aeopy In i 
iraclssold by 
t:iA'^">N. ffli 

III.' e\.-. Of 
»7 ,'<!. I'aper 

' .lui II. Send 
'I Kouks and 



Sbptbmb£r 22, 1887 

Home and Health. 


If a man were to go abroad in his gar- 
den and fields and scatter Paris-green or 
any other deadly poison over the cabbages 
and other vegetables, on the strawberries 
and fruits; and in the closets in the house 
were to dust the bread and other food 
with some such virulent poison, he would 
be counted a lunatic or a most reckless 
criminal. If he did not know what he 
was doing, he might be acquitted of crim- 
inality, but the results of his ignorance 
would be no less disastrous and deadly. 

But thousands, nay, tens of thousands, 
of persons are daily and hourly scattering 
abroad equally virulent poison, without 
knowing, and some, alas! with full knowl- 
edge, but most amazing carelessness, and 
infecting themselves and their most loved 
ones with deadly diseases. It is at this 
season that this ever-present and ever- 
increasing danger is most imminent, and 
this danger exists in the worst form in 
which it can come, viz., in the water we 
drink. Decaying organic matter is one 
of the worst of poisons; it reeks with 
germs whose office in nature is to disor- 
ganize and destroy all matter. As regards 
dead and waste matter, these germs, like 
animals which are carrion consumers, 
serve a useful purpose; but as regards 
living creatures, they are most injurious 
and destructive. Strangely, too, they are 
most abundant and deadly in rural local- 
ities, where purity and health are most 
expected. When taken into the animal 
system they attack the blood, being 
carried there most easily, and produce 
various fevers, diarrhea, dysentery (the 
commonly called summer complaint, and 
typical of the prevailingdanger described), 
and in thousands of cases these disorders 
are fatal. Friends wonder why in so 
healthful a locality, where pure air 
abounds, these diseases should be so 
frequent, and honestly believe that these 
sad deaths were unavoidable — "providen- 
tial" is the term used. Surely in many 
cases the sins and neglects of the parents 
are visited upon the children who are the 
first to suffer. 

Impure water is the prevailing cause, 
and the centers of infections are the wells. 
Water is a large part of the subsistence 
of a person. The human body consists 
mainly of water, seventy five per cent of 
it being thus composed. All this part of 
the system is absorbed in the water we 
drink, and if the Bource of all this part 
of our body is impure, how can we exist? 
It is amazing, considering the vast amount 
of impurity taken into the stomach and 
absorbed by the blood, that pestilences 
are not prevailing every year, when the 
heat contributes very much to the rapid 
decomposition of the household wastes 
which are cast out and accumulate in the 
cesspools, slush pools, open drains, sinks, 
stables, yards, pig pens, and various other 
centers of foulness. Where does it all go ? 
The rains wash it into the soil,and it sinks 
gradually deeper and deeper, spreading 
laterally all the while until it finds an 
outlet with the soil water into the well or 
a spring from which the household supply 
may be taken. It is only a question of 
time when a new-made cesspool, a new 
slop hole, a leaking drain, will discharge 
its dangerous and deadly contents into 
the new-made well. An expert, examin- 
ing the ground and the soil and figuring 
the rainfall, can tell you, within a few 
months, when the danger will culminate 
and the deadly poison How into the well. 

But you say the soil will filter the water 
and keep back the impurity, or its ap- 
proach may be known by sight, taste or 
smell. No such thing. A filter cannot 
always act and will become foul in time, 
and the stream of filth, like slow moving 
time, is always going to the outlet. The 
soil oxidizes decayrng organic matter, but 
this action makes the poison more active 
and fatal 

What is the remedy? Abandon the 
dangerous system and go back— forward 
is the better word— to that inculcated by 
the philosopher of ancient times, Moses. 
Read the Mosaic laws pertaining to clean- 
liness, hygiene and health. Cleanliness 
with Moses was a prevailing and para- 
mount law and a part of the Jews' relig- 
ion. It ought to be still more so among 
Christians, and in this age of intelligence 
and newspapers and books. There is an 
easy remedy. Abandon the poisonous 
cesspool and use the dry earth -closet, 
which was the system prevailing in the 
Mosaic time, and is no new thing. Dry 
earth is the most effective deodori/.er and 
disinfectant. Ita porosity favors a most 

complete oxidation of organic matter, 
and in practice this action is so complete 
that the earth taken from a closet has 
been used over and over again after short 
intervals for rest for ten times, and still 
fully exerted the desired effect. The same 
method should be employed for the house 
and kitchen waste. The outlet of the 
drain should be made in a tight, shallow 
box, which is kept well supplied with dry 
earth. The earth from these may be used 
as a top dressing for grass land; and a 
lawn may be kept in the finest condition 
by the use of this excellent fertilizer and 
a little fresh seed sown occasionally. I 
have used this soil for a rose-bed in which 
I had one hundred varieties of tea roses, 
and the effect was marvelous. For all 
sorts of flowering plants, the soil from the 
kitchen slop receptacle will be found most 
useful, but there is, or should be, no ob- 
jection to use it in the vegetable garden, 
and especially for onions, which delight 
in such a fertilizer, — Eenry Stewart in 
Rural New Torkeft, 




With Practical Notes on the Books 
of Scripture. 

Designed for Ministers, Local Preachers, 8. 
S.^Teachers, and all Christian Workers. 

Chapter I.— Different Methods of Bible 

Chapter II.— Rules of Interpretation. 

Chapter III.— Interpretations of Bible Types 
and Symbols. 

Chapter IV.— Analysis of the books of the 

Chapter V.— Miscellaneous Helps. 

Cloth, 184 pages, price postpaid, 50 cents. 

Address, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

221 W. Madison St., Chicago 

IBS or \m hmm. 


The Full Illustrated Ritual 


"Unwritten Work" 


Historical Sketch of the Order. 
Price 25 Cents. 


221 West Madison Street.CHICAGO. 



With Eighteen Military Diagranns 

As Adopted :ind Promulgated by the 

Sovereign Grand Lodge 


Independent Order of Odd-Fellows, 

At Baltimore, Maryland, Sept, 24th, 1X85. 

Compiled and Arranged by John 0. TTndeiT.' . 
Xieutenant Oeneral. 




Historical Sketch and Introduction 

By I'res't J. Klanrliiird, of Wl'eaton Collect'. 

25 cents each. 
Ifor Kale by the National ^^hristian Association. 

<9^ V7„t (^tKfiaoa St . Chic«e» 



I'ast IfluKliT or licjNtone l.otige, 

No. iVtn, <'lii«-uKO. 

K uiiiHturly dincuHiilou of the Oaths of the Masonic 
Ixilijc, to which Ih nii|i0iKi<-d "Froeiiiasoury at a 
Jlaiicu." illuxlratlii); evHry bIku, grip aud core- 
'iioiiyiif the Maioiiio I,odi.'u. I'hm worik in hiithl; 
.'niiiiuuudod l>y luai<liie Ittrtiirera as fumlHhini; the 
i^Bt nrKDiueiits on Mih iialiire and nrac 

terof Mooonic <.bllKutloiiH of any tM>nk in print 
fapor rovor, 'Aft paK«H. I'rlcn, 40 cents, 

National Christian Association, 


By tlie ZE^oma,!! Oath.- 
olic Ch.u.rcli. 

A Moral Mystery how any Priend of Belig- 

ions Liberty could Consent to "Band 

over Ireland to Farnellite Bule." 

By Rev. John Lee, A. M., B. D- 

General Viscaant WolseUy: "Int resting." 

Chicago Inter-Ocean: "A searching review." 

Chattanooga Advocate: "An avalanche oi ar- 

Christian Cynosure: "It deserves a wide cir- 
culation at the present time." 

Bishop Coxe, Protesta7it JSpiscopal, of West- 
ern Neiv York: "Most useful publication; a 
logical sequel to 'Our Country,' by Joslah 

lieo. C. C. McCahe, D. I).: "It is a useful 
book and ought to have a wide sale. Tou are 
dealing with a question which will soon domi- 
nate every other in American politics. The 
Assassin of JVationi is in our midst and is ap- 
proaching the Temple of Liberty with stealthy 
tread. The people of this country will under- 
stand the Belfast frenzy some day better than 
they do now." 

The Right Hoii. Lord Jiohert Montague: "I 
have read it with the greatest pleasure, and 
with amazement at the intimate acquaintance 
with the acts of Romanism in our midst which 
you have evinced. I only wish that, instead 
of publishing your pamphlet in Chicago, you 
had sown it broadcast over England, Scotland 
and Ireland." 


National Christian Association. 

221 W. Madison St.. Chloacc III. 

The Christianas Secret 


Al. HapiDy Life- 

Baptist Commendation. 

"We are delighted with this book. It reaches to 
the very core of Christian experience, and Is emi- 
nently experimental In Its teachings. It meets the 
doubts and difficulties of conscientious seekers after 
the bread and water of life, but whose efforts result 
only In alternate failure and victory. The author, 
without claiming to be a theologian, sends out the re- 
sults of a happy and rich experience to help others 
Into a happy Christian life."— Baptist Weekly. 

Presbyterian Endorsement. 

"The book Is so truly and reverentially devout In 
Its spirit that It disarms criticism. It contains so 
much that Is sound and practical, so much that, If 
heeded, will make our lives better, happier and more 
useful, that the Intelligent reader who really wishes 
to lead a life 'hid with Christ In God' can scarcely fall 
to derive profit from Its perusal."— Interior. 

Methodist WotA of Praise. 

"We have not for years read a book with more de- 
light and profit. It is not a theological book. No ef- 
fort Is made to change the theological views of any 
one. The author has a rich experience, and tells itln 
a plain and delightful manner. —Christian Advocate. 

United Brethren's Approval. 

"We have seldom met with a more Interesting vol- 
ume, abounding throughout with apt Illustrations; 
we have failed to find a dry line from title-page to 
flnls."— Religious Telescope. 

Congregational Comment. 

"It contains much clear, pungent reasoning and In- 
teresting Incident. It is a bractlctkl and experiment- 
al lesson taught out of God's wcndi and Is worthy of 
universal circulation."— Cburctw&lou. 

This enlarged edition Is^ bett&ttful large 12mo vol- 
ume of '^40 pages. 

Prlcei in cloth, richly stamped, 7S cts. 

Address, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago, 111. 



Man Traps of the City. 


Mothers- place this book In the hands of your sons 
It treats of 

The Tiger and His Den. 

Caps of Flame. 

The Scarlet Sin. 

The Devil's Printing Press. 

Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc. 

A book that la sensational, not from excited rhe- 
toric or tlorld tlgures of speech, hut from the facts 
that How like melted lava fromtlie pen of the writer 
It Is a book of timely warnings, where sin and crime 
arc shorn of their mask, robbed of the glamour with 
which lh"y have been surrounded by the prurient 
literature of the day, and painted In strong, true col- 
ors. Till- life of the profligate Is here shown In Its 
true llghi, not as a life that, though wicked, has Its 
delights, but as a thlngof death, now and In future 
life to be abhorred.— WBBTKBM Cubistian Advo 


Price, postpaid. Cloth bound, 7A cents 
Paper bound, SO cents. 

Adiln^SK, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

'sa W. Madison St., Chicago. 

Baccalaureate Sermon, 


is the religUnn, as the Washington speech was 
the political, baals of the anti-secret reform. 
Several hundred, in pamphlet, can be had at 
two cents | one postage stampj each, or ten for 
ten cents In stamps. Please order soon, fo' 
Colleges, SemlDaries, and High Schools. 


Sing the Reform 
Into the Hearts of the People 

One of the most popular books against 
lodgery is the latest compilation of 

George W. Clark, 

rrhe I^instrel of Reform: 
A forty-page book of soul-stirring, conscience- 
awakening songs, appropriate for lectures, 
conventions and the home circle. What can 
add more to the interest of a meeting than a 
song well sung) What means will more quick 
ly overthrow the power of the secret lodges 
than to sing the truth into the popular con 

Get this little work and use It for Gk>d and 
home and country. Forty pages. 

Price 10 cents, postpaid. Address, 
National Christian Association, 
221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 



Old Age and How to Enjoy It 

A most appropriate gift book for "The Old 
Folks at Home." 

Compiled by BSV. 8. 0. LATHBOP. 

Introduction by 
(Editor N. W. Christian Advocate.) 

The object of this volume Is to give to that great 
army who are fast hastening toward the "great be- 
yond" some practical hints and helps as to the best 
way to make the most of the remainder of the life 
that now Is, and to give comfort and help as to the 
life that Is to come. 

"It Is a tribute to the Christianity that honors the 
gray head and refuses to consider the oldish man a 
burden or an obstacle. The book will aid and com- 
fort every reader."— Northwestern Christian Advo- 

"The selections are very precious. Springing from 
such numerous and pure fountains, they can but af- 
ford a refreshing and healthful draught for every 
aged traveller to the great beyond."— witness. 

Price, bound In rich cloth, 400 pages, 81. 

Address, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

221 W. Madison St., Chicago, 111. 



Secret Societies. 


A warning to the traveler and the 
unwary and a key to many mysteries 
— serviceable for both secretists and 
anti-secretists. "To be forewarned is 
to be forearmed." 

A sensation but a fact. Read and 
be convinced. Nine Illustrations. 
Postpaid, 15 cents. 

National Christian AssociaUon. 

Tlie Master's Carpet 


Past naMter of Keystone Iiodgrn No. A3t* 

Explains the true source and meaning of ever} 
ceremony aud symbol ot the Lodge, thus showing tli6 
principles ou which the order '.a founded. By a 
sareful perusal of this work, a more thorough 
knowledge of the principles of the order can be ob. 
tained than by attending the Lodge for years. Kver j 
Mason, every person contemplating becoming a 
member, and e-,'su those who are iudifferent on the 
subject, should procure aud carefully read this work. 
An appendix Is added of 32 pages, embodying 

Freemasonry at a Glance, 

.•'hlcb gives every Bli;n. grip nud ceremony of Uie 
Lodge togo'her with a brief explanation of esoli. 
The work con^Alns •:2t pageii and is subatantlaU* 
and elegantry bound In clotn. Price, 76 cents. 

National Christian Associstion, 

B21 W. I«lKdllaon Nt., CUoaxo. IlL 


riie complice revised rllualof ihi- Li.dg.^;, ;;n"«in 
mcnl and Ilehi^kah (ladle- 'Idi'K'rei'S, profusely lllUBirh 
ted, and guaranteed (o he Btiletly iU'.<Mirate; wlili » 
akctciiof Ihoorlgln.hlslnry andihara<:teroftheor('>T 
over line hundred footniiii' (iiiotuilonsfroin slandaiil 
auUiorlllcs, showing the iliaracler and lenclilngsof 
\\\i- nrder, undimniiHlyBls of i-aeli degrei'by I'resliii-ui 
J. iiliinelinnl. The iltual eoirespouds exactly wlili 
ihe"'.;harge Books" furnished by Ihe Sovereign Grand 
Lodge. In cloth, «1.00;per dozen, »8.00. Papercova- 

"■) eeof s: per dozen ri.OO. 

lers promptly illled by the 
aai W. UMUaoB itreet, Oliia»K*. 

BKi>i<sHfiiSR 22, 1887 



Fa»m Notes. 


It may be well to consider how the dry 
weather, if it should continue, may affect 
some kinds of fall work. As to strawberry 
plants, unless they can be watered and 
mulched, it would be inadvisable to put 
them out in great numbers ; better defer the 
work till spring. A garden supply can easi- 
ly be taken care of, so the earlier they are 
got in the better it will be for them, for 
they can make a strong growth this fall, 
if properly tended. As the ground is 
very warm vegetation will be quick if the 
fall rains should be plentiful; for this 
reason we think it will be advisable in 
the Northern States to defer sowing 
Spinach seed until late in the month, 
after which it will make all the growth 
needed before cold weather sets in. Cut- 
tings of currents and gooseberries 
planted this month will root quickly, 
' especially if they can be watered and 
' mulched: they will make a much stronger 
. growth next season than if left to be put 
out in the spring. Transplanting opera- 
( tions will not take place until next 
i month, and by that time the rains may 
be general and allow all kinds of work to 
'■ proceed as usual. Should they not come 
sufficiently early, however, the labor of 
digging, many kinds of nursery trees will 
be very heavy, and a good degree of 
caution and self-control will be necessary 
to take out the roots and not cut them 

Lawn seeding can go on all through 
the month, with the chance that the grass, 
even on late sown pieces, will be strong 
before winter sets in. 
During this month it will be necessary 
J to give attention to the potting of those 
' plants intended for winter blooming, that 
) have been summered over in the open 
garden. The calla, or Ethiopian lily, is 
one of the most important as it is a gen- 
eral favorite. Use light and rich soil, 
giving it good drainage that the water 
which it needs in abundance may pass 
off rapidly. If the plants are wanted to 
bloom early, use only five or six-inch 
pots, and give them no shift, while those 
for later blooming can be shifted into 
pots of larger size when the roots reach 
the outside of the ball of soil, and can be 
kept on growing. A week or ten days 
before removing from the ground such 
plants as geraniums, begonia, chrysan- 
themums, bouvardias, and the like, it is 
a good plan to cut around the roots, 
leaving a ball of soil somewhat smaller 
than the pot the plant is to occupy ; the 
result is that a great quantity of fine 
roots are formed in a short time, and 
when the plant is potted these roots are 
ready to feed immediately on the new 
soil that will be placed between them 
and the sides of the pot. Seeds of per- 
ennials, such as pansy, sweet william, 
canterbury bell, snapdragon, a()uilegia, 
and hollyhock should be sown early. — 
Vifk's Magazine. 

The Hon Miles C. Moore, a well-known 
capitalist of Walla Walla, confirms the 
reports we have published, and says that 
Eastern Oregon will this year have the 
largest wheat yield ever known, and adds: 
"The largest yield that I ever knew of 
personally was seventy one bushels per 
acre for a field of thirty two acres The 
grower made aflldavit before me as to 
these figures, after the grain had been 
thrashed and the field measured by com- 
petent surveyors. They tell of bigger 
yields along Snake River, and I have no 
doubt the statements are true, but seven- 
ty-one bushels per acre is the largest that 
ever came to my personal knowledge." 

The enormous demand made by the 
6,600 men employed in the western exten- 
sion of the St. P., M it M. Ry., on the 
bean supply of the country, has resulted 
in a corner in that popular article of food. 
One of the large jobbing firms of St. Paul 
has notified the contractors in charge of 
the construction that if this demand for 
beans is to be as heavy in the future as it 
has been, they will find it necessary to 
import from Europe, having already se- 
cured all the beans in sight in the United 


The sketch of JAMES G. BIRNBY, 
candidate of the Liberty Party for Presi- 
dent, in pamohlet for 26 cents. A limit- 
ed number of copies of . this handsome 

mpblet for tale at the N. 0. A. offloo 

Standard Works 


S icRir .S ocietie s 


Mtional Christian Associat'n 

221 Weit IidiuD Street, Cbieigo, IHinoii. 

& complete 0»taIos«« mdI (m* od ApplloaUoa. 


Freemasonry niuatrated. A complete 
exposition of the eeven degrees of tbe Blue Lodge 
and Chapter. Profusely Illustrated. A historical 
sketch of the Institution and a critical analysis of 
the character of each degree, by Prest. J. Blanch- 
ard, of Wheaton College. Monitorial quotations 
and nearly four hundred notes from standard Ma- 
sonic authorities confirm the truthfulness of this 
exposition and show the character of Musoulc letch- 
bg an'l doctrine. The accuracy of this exposition 
legally attested by J. O. Doesburg, Past Master Un- 
ity □ No. 191, Holland. Mich., and oth- rs. This 
fa the latest, most accurate and complete exposi- 
tion of Blue Lodge and Chapter Masonry. Over 
one hundred Illustrations — several of them full 
page — give a pictorial representation of the lodge- 
•oom, chapter and principal ceremonies of the de- 
grees, with the dress of candidates, signs, grips, 
ttc. Complete work of 640 pages. In cloth, (1.00. 

Ex-Fresldent John Quincy Adams' 

LBTTKB8 on the Nature of Masonic Oaths, Obliga- 
tions and Penalties. Thirty most Interesting, able 
and convincing letters on the above general subject, 
written by this renowned statesman to different pub- 
lic men of the United States during the years 1831 
to 1833. With Mr. Adams' address to the peo.Je of 
Massachusetts upon political aspects of lodgery; an 
Appeudlx giving obligations of Masonry, and an able 
Introduction. This Is one of tbe most telling antl' 
secrecy works extant, aside from the Expositions. 
Price, cloth, $1.00; per dozen, $9.00. Paper. 8C 
cents; per dozen, $3. BO. 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. William 
Morgan. The genuine old Morgan book repub- 
lished, with en^ravinjze ehowing the lodge-room, 
dresB of candidates, signs, due guards, grips, etc. 
This revelation was Bo accurate that Freemasons 
murdered the author for writing It. 25 cents each ; 
per dozen, 2^.00. 

Finney on ^Uanonry. The character, clai ns 
and practical workings of Freemasonry. By Prest. 
Charles G. Finney, of Oberlln College. President 
flnney was a "bright Mason," but left tbe lodge 
when he became a Christian. This book lias opened 
tbe eyes of multitudes. In cloth, 76 cenbj; per 
doi^n, $7 BO. Paper cover, 3t cents; per dozen. 

Maaonio Oatbs Null and Void: or. free- 
masonry Self-Convic/ ""' '" is a book for the 
times. The design of i,,,, „ is to refute the ar- 
guments of those who claim that the oaths of Free- 
masonry are binding upon those who take them. 
His arguments are conclusive, and the forcible 
manner In which they are put, being drawn from 
Scripture, makes them convincing. The ministei 
or lecturer will find In this work a rich fund of 
argumenta. 207 pp., postpaid 40ctB. 

OoUeg'e Secret Societies. Their castor < 
character, and the efforts for their suppression, flj 
H. L. Kellogg Containing the opinion of many 
prominent college presidents, and others, and a fnU 
account of the murder of Mortl-ner Leeifett. Sf 
cents each; per dozen, $2.00. 

Five Rituala Bound Together. "Oddfoi 
lowship Ilhiatrate<r' (old work), "Knights of 
Pythias Illustrated," "(Jood Templarism lUue 
trated," "E.xposition of the Grange" and "Ritua 
of the Grand Army of the RepiiWic," are sold 
bound together in (^loth for$l.(K); perdoz., $9,(K) 

Sermon on Masonry, by rscv. James wii 
Mams, Presiding Kklcr of Dakota District North 
WKPtc.rn Iowa Conference, M. E. Church — a seced- 
ing Master Mason. Published at the special lO- 
quest of nine clergymen of different denominations, 
and others. 10 cents each; per dozen, 75 cents. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Christian should 
not be a Freemason. By Rev. Robert Armstrong. 
The author states his reasons clearly and carefully, 
and any one of the thirteen reasons. If properly con- 
filderod, will keep a Christian out of the lodge. 6 
cents each; per dozen, 50 cents. 

Tbe Mystic Tie, or ^freemasonry a 

Leaqus witu tos Dsvil. This Is an account of 
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Indiana, for refusing to support a reverend Free- 
mason; and th<.> very able deteuso presented by 
Mrs. Lacia C. Cook, In which she clearly showf 
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\JtKton. 15 cents each: per doaen t1.'26. 

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Are Masonic Oaths Binding on t,ae In- 

ITIATK. By Kev. A. L. Post. ProoV of the sinful- 
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who have taken them to openly repudiate them. . 
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Kniifht Templarism Illustrated. A full 
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Master, Select Master, Super-Kxcellonl Master, 
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Master's Carpet and Kri-cuiasonry at a GlancM. 
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bound la cloth, 689 pp $1.00 

United Sons of Industry Illustrated, 

A full and ooiupleto iUuBtratoil ritual of the secret 
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National Christian Asfiociation. 

It I yfr.M»4iMmM%UOkimmm. HI. 

Morgran's Exposition, Abduction and 

MrniiER, AND Oaths of 33 VlOVliLa. Composed o) 
"Freemasonry Exposed," by Capt. Wm. Morgan 
"History of the Abduction and Murder of Morgan;' 
"Valance's Confession of tbe Murder of Capt. YJ n 
.Morgan;" Bernard's Remvalscenccs of Horgai 
Times," and Oatbs and Penalties of 88 Dejrrees ° 
304pa«<u;k .-.-.' 

In the Coils; or. the Comlngf ConfllJt. 

By "A Fanatic." A historical eketc.*', by a United 
Presbyterian minister, vividly portraying the work- 
ings of Secretiam in the various relations of every- 
day life, and showing how Individual domestic, 
social, religious, professional and public life are 
trammeled and biased by the baneful workings of 
the lodge. Being presented in the form of a story, 
this volume will Interest both old and young, and 
the moral of the story will not have to be Bearcned 
for. $1.60 each ; $15. JO per dozen. 

Light on Freemasonry. Hy Eider u. 

Bernard. To which 1» appended "A Revelation of 
the Mysteries of Uddfellowship (old work,) by a 
Memberof the Craft." The whole contalningove 
five hundred pages, lately revised and republished. 
In cloth. $1.50 each ; per dozen, f 14.50. The first 
part of the above work. Lighten Freemasonry, 416 
pages, 75 cents each ; per dozen $7.30. 

Secret Societies, Ancient and Modbm. 

A bock of great Ititerent '.o olllrers of the army anJ 
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Masonry, Was Washington a Mason? Fillmore and 
Webster's Deference to Masonry, i. Jrief Outline of 
tbe Progress of Mason-y in the United States, The 
lammany Ring. Masonic BeneTOlence, the Uses of 
Masonry, As Illastratlon, Tbe Concloslon. EOcentf 
each: per dozen, $4.75. 

General Wasningrton Opposea to tie- 

OKKT SociBTiKS. This Is a republication of Gover 
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Secret Societies," communicated to the House of 
Representatives of Pennsylvania, March 8th, 1837 
at their special request. To this Is added the fact 
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opposed a vote of thanks to Washington on his re 
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considered him a seceding Freemason. 10 cents 
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Orand liodge Masonry. Its relation to 
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Prest. J. Blancbard, at tbe Monmouth Convention. 
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The Master's Carpet, or Masonry and Baal 
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Bonndinflne cloth, 430 pp 75ct8. 

Masonry a Work of Carknees, adverse 
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telling work and no honest man who reads It will 
think of Joining the lodge. 16 cents each: per 
dozen. $1.25. 

freemasonry Self-Condemned. By Rev 

J. W. Bain. A careful and logical stal jment ot 
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terian church In particular. Paper covers: price. 
20 cents each; per dozen. $2.00. 

Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. A full 

and complete illustrated ritual of the five degrees 
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Stearns' Inquiry into the Nature and 

Tk.ndkncy of Frkkmasonkv. with an Appendix 
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exposing the lodge. 338 pages: cloth, 60 cents each 
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The Broken Seal; or Personal Reminiscence' 
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By Samuel I) Greene. One of the most Interesting 
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•7 60. Pape- lovers. 40 cents ; per dosen, $3. 50 

Exposition of the Grangre. Editod by Re\ 
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tier du/.en, $2.00. 

Good Templarism lUustiated. A fnll ant 
iiceurate exposition of the degrees ot the Lodge, 
Temple and Cotmcil, with engravings ebowing tu« 
signs, grips, etc. 25 cents each ; per doeen, $-2.00 

Oaths and Penalties of the 33 r>e> 

iKKK!) OK "kekmasonkv. To get these thirty-three 
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Reminisconces of Moriran Times. '; 

Elilir Duvld Bernard, uuliiuruf Ui-rnard's Light o>i 
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•nasonrir. 10r«pts tub; perdoteo, II. $0. 

Freemasonry Contrary to the Chris 

TiAN Uki.ioion. A Clear, cutting argument agalnn 
the loJge. from a t:brlattau standpolDU 5 cent* 
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Bernard's Appendix to X<iKht on ma- 

BONKY. Shuwlng the cbnrHctrr of the Instltutio" 
by Us terrible oaths and pvnnltlea. PBp<'r coversi 
'J5 cruts each; per doien, $1.00. 

Secret Societies. .\ disrusiitnn of their cbwk - 
nctrr and ila oih, ;.y Uev l>a\ld .Mi-Dlll. Prest. J. 
lllanchard enu Ki'v. Kdwurd lli'eehiT iBrloill, 
t&c. perdoi. $3 t5. J'aper cnvir. 15<-. I'er dot. $1.9^ 

Prof. J. Q. Carson, D. C, on Secret 

Soc'iKriKs. A must cmivlnclng nrguimnt ngalual 
rellowahlplng Fn'ema.sons In the Chrtstlau church. 
lOccuUeacb; perdoi«n,76 ceola- 

Secret Societies, Anciont and Modem. 

ANII ColJ.KOK SkcIIKT Soi'IKTII!!<. t'umiiowil ol 
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National Christian Association. 

Narratives and Arruxnents, showlnc >.ne 
conflict of secret societies with the Constltuv.QD 
SLd laws of the Union and of tb*< States. By 
Francis Semple Tbe fact that sec societies in- 
terfere with the execution and pervei-t the adminu- 
tratlon of law Is here clear If proved. 15 cents eacoi 
Der dozen, tl.86. 

aistory Nat'l Chiistian Association. 

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Rituals and Secrets Illustrated. Com- 

Sosed of "Temple of Honor lllustr'-'-d," ".4dop- 
ve Masunry Illustiated," "U'-'.^d Sons of In- 
dustry lUustraUid," and "Stcret Societies lUoa- 
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Revised Odd-fellowship lUustrated. 

The complete revised ritual of the Lodge, Encamp- 
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trated, and guaranteed to be strictly accurate; with 
a sketch of the origin, history and character of tbe 
order, over one hundred foot-note quotations from 
standard authorities, showing the character and 
teachings of the order, and an analysis of each de> 
gree by President J. Blanchard. This ritual cor- 
responds exactly with the "Charge Books" hir- 
nished by the Sovereign Grand Lodge. In cloth, 
$1 . 00 ; pe r dozen , $8. 00 . Paper cover, 60 cenu i par 
dozen. $4.00. 

Odd-fellowship Judged by Its Own utter- 
ances; Its Doctrine and Practice Examined In ths 
Light of God's Word. By Kev. J. 11. Brocknian. 
This Is an exceedingly Interesting, clear discussion 
of the character of Odd-fellowship, In the form of a 
dialogue. In cloth. 60 cents; per dozen, $4.00. 
Paper covers, 25 cents; per dozen, $2.00. German 
edition, entitled "Christian and Ernst," paper covers, 
50 cents each. Tbe German edition Is published by 
the author. 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and Other Se- 
cret Societies, by Rev. J. Sarver, pastor Evangel- 
icnl Lutheran church, Leechburg. Pa. This Is a 
very clear argument against secretism of all forms 
and tbe duty to disfellowsblp Odd-fellows, Fre' ma- 
sons. Knights of Pythias and Grangers Is claarly 
shown b; their confessed character as foan4 la 
their own pnbllcattona. 10 cents each; per doaaa 
Tfi cent* 

Other Secret Society Rituals, 

Temple of Honor Illustrated. A fnll and 
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and an analysis of its character. A complete ei- 
poailion of the Subordinate Temple, and tbe de- 
grees of Love, Purity and Fidelity, by a Templar 
of Fidelity and Past Worthy ChMf Tsmplar. 25 
cents each; per dozen $2.00. 

Knig'hts of Pythias Illustrated. By. 

Past Chancellor. A full Illustrated e.xp>i»Uloa of the 
three ranks of tbe order, with tbe adiiltlon of the 
"Amended, Perfected and Amplified Third Bank." 
Tbe lodge-room, signs, countersigns, grips, etc., 
are shown by engravings. '25 cents each ; per dozen, 

Sermon on Secret Societies. By Ber. 
Daniel Dow, Woodstock, Conn. The special o 4 . 
of this sermon Is to show the right and duly 3Z 
Christians to examine Into tbe character of secret 
societies, no matter what object such societies pro- 
fess to have, i cents each; per dozen, 60 centa. 

History of the Abduction and Murder 

OFC'APr. Wm Moboan As pnpared by seven com- 
mittees or citizens, appointed to ascertain the fate 
of Morgan. This book cuntalua Indisputable, tegai 
evidence that Freemasons abducted and murdered 
Wm. M")r;an, for no other oticnse than the revela- 
tion of Masonry. It contains the sworn testimony 
of over twenty persons. Including Morgan's wlfaj 
and no candid person, after reading this book, can 
doubt that many of the most respectable Freema- 
sons In tbe Empire State were concerned ia tUk 
srlme. S5 cents eaoh; per dozen. $&.00. 

«nd?e Whitney's Defenae before the 

GbaND LoDQK OF Illinois .' jdge D.»nlel H Whll 
ney W-4S Master of tbe lodge wh6a S L Keith. I 
memberof his lodge, nmrdered Ellen Slade. .'udge 
Whitney, by attempting to bring Keith to Jastlcei, 
brought on himself the vengeance ,.f the lodce bal 
be boldly replied to the charges against him ana 
afterwards renounced Masonry, ISceptsfacb; per 
dozen. $1.'25. 

A Masonic Conspiracy, Rosnittng tn t 
fraudulent divorce, and various othi'r outrage* 
upon the rights of a defenseless woman. Also the 
account of a Masonic mutder. by two eyc-wltnesseat 
By Mrs. Louisa Walters. This is a thrllllngly Inter- 
esting, true narraUve. W gentataok- ttit rtif 
(210 »--«-<» 

Prest. H. H. George on Secret Societies. 
.' powerful address, Bhowlng clearly the duty of 
Christian churches to disfellowsblp secr\" socletlea. 
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Oiscusslc.:! on Secret Societies. Bt 

EUU-rM S NrweoMi.T iind Kider G W, Wihon, • 
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llsbri! lu a serlestif arlloli'sin the Church Adrocat 
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Freemasonry a Fourfold Consplreoy. 

Address of Prest. .1. Blauchard. before I be PIttabatgb 
Conveiitliiii. Tills Is a most convincing argumMil 
against the lodge. 5centaeacb; per dozen, 90r«aU 

Holden With Cords. Or tui Pown o: 

THE Skcrkt Emi-ikk. A faithful n-prvaintatlon la 
atoryof the evil hiHuence of Freemaaonry, by B. 
E. Flaoo, Autli.>r of "Little People." "A Suaoy 
Life," Etc. This is n tbrllllnglv fiitereailiig atoryac- 
ruraloly true to life iMraiise, mainly a narration Of 
historical facta. In cloth $1.00: paperMcenU. la 

Secrecy vs. tbe Family, State and 

CiiKoii. By Uev. M. s. Drury. The antagonlau 
of organized secrecy to the welfare of the family, 
state and church la clea'"" "•'iw^ M) centa eaok: 
p<'r dozen, 75 cents. 

Sermori on Masonry, ^'•y ''i'^- ' i>«y 

KruwiiU-i'. In reply to a .Mas(>iiic t>rallon bj ilov. 
l)r. Mayer, WellKvllle, Ohio. .\n able .Sonnou by 
'III able man. 5 ccnt.t each ; |ht dozen 5tl conla. 

Sermon on Secretism, by Rer. n. Theo 
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V. This \it a \ery clear array of the objections t« 
Masunry that are apparent to all. Scents eaubi ajl 
dozen. 50 cents- 

Freemasonry at a Glance lUaatratea avery 
alra, ifrtp and oei'«PiO£\y uf the llrat three dunaia 
<-♦-.«'- t- « . -a. «.'nt'a copT. aU eanfc 

National Chriitian Auooiatlon. 



September 22, 1887 



In the anarchist cases Wednesday, the 
Supreme Court of Illinois affirmed the 
decision of the Criminal Court of Cook 
county, that Spies, Schwab, Lingg, Field- 
en, Parsons, Fischer, and Engel be hanged, 
and Neebe be confined in the penitentiary 
for fifteen years. The date of the execu- 
tion of the sentence is fixed for Nov. 11. 

The anarchists have sent one of their 
representatives to New York to retain a 
lawyer as associate counsel with Captain 
Black, to conduct the proposed proceed- 
ings before the United States Supreme 
Court. Colonel IngersoU, General Butler 
and General Roger A. Pryor are spoken of 
as among the lawyers who will be asked 
to defend the anarchist appeal in the Fed- 
eral Supreme Court. 

The receipts of peaches in this city 
Wednesday amounted to 70.000 baskets. 
This is much the largest record of any 
one day in the history of the Chicago 
market, and probably of any city in the 
world, not excepting London. 

The drivers and conductors of the West 
Side system of street railways held an all- 
night session on Saturday, and decided 
that unless the companies grant the in- 
crease demanded, to 22 cents an hour, 
before Wednesday evening a strike will 
begin on Thursday morning. 


The chief clerk of the Supreme Court 
of New York Monday rejected the appli- 
cation of Johann Most, the anarchist, to 
become a citizen. Most said he would 
appeal to the courts. 

A conference of representatives of the 
Standard Oil Company and independent 
producers was held Monday, to consider 
the advisability of shutting down all the 
wells iu the country for the purpose of 
restricting the production. Many of the 
best known oil men in the country were 
in attendance. 

Col. Fred Grant was Wednesday nom- 
inated for Secretary of State by the Re- 
publicans of New York. 

A meteoric mass as large as a railway 
car, fell Thursday night in New Bruns- 
wick, six miles from Vanceboro, Me. Its 
heat was so intense Friday that people 
who flocked to the scene were unable to 
approach within several feet pf the celes- 
tial vagrant. 

For some weeks forged checks have 
been successfully passed in Madison, Wis. 
Friday Frank Swettmore, the 15 year old 
son of respectable parents, was caught in 
the act of passing a check, and confessed 
himself guilty of all the forgeries. 

The wreck of the missing whaler Am- 
ethyst was found recently on Castle Rock 
Island, in the Northern Pacific Ocean. 
Beside her crew of thirty eight men, she 
had on board five of the crew of the miss- 
ing bark Rainbow, and the fate of the 
forty-three men remains a mystery. 

At Syracuse, N. Y., Thursday was be- 
gun the construction of the library build- 
ing of the Syracuse University, to hold 
the Von Ranke collection of books. The 
cost will be $40,000. 

At an early hour Friday morning an 
explosion of gunpowder fired the grocery 
of D. M. Messina, at New Orleans, the 
spread of the flames preventing the res- 
cue of the inmates, Messina and his wife 
and four children being burned to death. 
The children — two boys and two girls — 
were between 3 and 9 years of age. 

George Smith, a farmer living near 
Logansport, Ind., threw a club at a cow, 
but missed his aim, the missile striking 
his little 4 year old daughter a terrific 
blow on the head, tearing off a large por- 
tion of the scalp. The suffering of the 
little victim is intense. 

The anarchists in New York are indulg- 
ing in ravings at the decision of the Su- 
preme Court of Illinois, and have flooded 
the city with circulars calling on their 
sympathizers to rise in their might and 
prevent the execution. 

The ceremonies connected with the 
great constitutional centennial celebra- 
tion at Philadelphia were brought to a 
close on Saturday. President and Mrs. 
Cleveland were heartily received,and the 
President, Justice Miller, and Mr.Kasson 
delivered addresses. A reception was 
given Bubsetjuently to Mrs. Cleveland, and 
Mr. Childs drove the Presidential party 
out to his residence, where Mrs. Cleve- 
land planted a tree and was given the 

choice of eight thoroughbred Jerseys as 
a present. A banquet was given by the 
Hibernian Society, which was attended 
by President Cleveland, and in the eve- 
ning a grand banquet was given by the 
literary societies of Philadelphia to Pres- 
ident Cleveland. There was a brilliant 
gathering at the Academy of Music on 
the occasion, and it is proposed to erect 
a memorial monument to commemorate 
the celebration. 


i^ueen Victoria on Friday, in an ad- 
dress prorogued the British Parliament, 
which will meet again Nov. 11. 

It is reported that a Russian engineer 
has discovered a new explosive which is 
destined to drive all existing ammunition 
out of use, being equal in strength to 
pyroxyline. It is said that the Russian 
War Office will build a special factory for 
its manufacture. 

Berlin dispatches announce that Prince 
Bismarck's policy has dispelled the idea 
entertained by the Czar that Germany 
would indorse Russia's policy regarding 
Bulgaria, and consequently the relations 
between Germany and Russia have be- 
come colder than ever, while Austria feels 
she can rely on the permanent strength 
of the alliance with Germany. The in- 
terview between Bismarck and Count 
Kalnoky at Friedrichsruhe means a check 
on Russian intervention in Bulgaria 
and the neutrality of Europe toward 
Prince Ferdinand, leaving him to his own 
resources and freedom of action for the 

Independence Day was celebrated in 
the City of Mexico Friday, with extraor- 
dinary enthusiasm. The city is finely 
decorated and the illuminations magnifi- 
cent. At 11 o'cock A. M. President Diaz 
made his apperance in front of the na- 
tional palace and read to the great crowd 
the historic Declaration of Independence. 
The American colony took an active part 
in the celebration. The American alle- 
gorical cars in the grand procession which 
occurred later in the forenoon were great- 
ly applauded. They represented the land- 
ing of Columbus, Hidalgo and Washing- 
ton, and Columbia, or the Goddess of 
Liberty. The Americans lavished great 
care and expense on these cars, and they 
were acknowledged among the finest in 
the procession. 

A dreadful collision occurred Friday 
on the Midland railway, England. A 
train filled with excursionists who were 
going to Doncaster to witness the races 
at that place collided with another train 
and was wrecked. The Midland train 
was standing on a crossing one mile from 
Doncaster while tickets were being col- 
lected, when the Liverpool express dashed 
into it. The guard box was smashed to 
atoms, and the first carriage of the Liv- 
erpool train telescoped by the next and 
broken into splinters. It was a long time 
before the injured and dying who were 
wedged in the ruins could be rescued. 
Twenty-three persons were killed and 
sixty injured. Many of the injured can- 
not recover. The disaster was caused by 
defective signalling. 


Orders filled at the rate of 50 cents per 
1,000 pages at the office, or 75 cents per 
1,000 pages by mail. 

Contributions are solicted to the Tract 
Fdnd for the free distribution of tracts. 

In this series of Tracts will be found 
the opinions of such men as Hon. J. Q. 
Adams, Wm. H. Seward, James Madison, 
Daniel Webster, Richard Rush. John 
Hancock, Millard Fillmore, Chief Justice 
Marshall, Seth M. Gates, Nathaniel Col- 
ver. President Finney, President Blanch- 
ard, Philo Carpenter, Chancellor Howard 
Crosby, D. L. Moody, and others. 


to those who receive the Christian Cyno- 
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Absolutely Pure. 

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Royal Baking Powdik Co., 106 Wall-st., N. T. 


A 16-page weekly journal, published by the 

National Christian Association, 

is an undimmed, ever-shining 

POLE STAR OF REFORM to lead the way of 

deliverance from the lodge evil. 


is the source of greatest danger to the Chris- 
tian Church. It religious rites, from the Sons 
of "Veterans down to the Maeonic, are anti- 
Christian. Following the advice of Rob. Mor- 
ris, its members join churches to control or 
disintegrate them. The United Brethren, the 
Lutheran, the United Presbyterian, the Con- 
gregational and other denominations are learn- 
ing that the history of the churches, in the 
weakness and dishonor caused by slavery, is 
being repeated by the encroachment of the 
secret lodces. There are in the United States 

Home '200 different Lodges 

With 2,000 000 members, 

Costing $20,000,000 yearly. 

This mighty world power confronts the 
church and seeks to rule and ruin every Chris- 
tian Reform. 

No Christian Reform Movement of the day 
is so necessary, yet so unpopular and beset 
with difficulties, as that which would remove 
the dark pall of oaths, dark-lantern meetings, 
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Bditobial : 

Notes and ComnientB 

Strange Doctrine 

Satan's Strongholds 

The "Catholic Review".. 

The Philadelphia Party.. 

A Needed Admonition . . 
Contributions : 

Lincoln and theCovenant- 

The Little Foxes of Lodg- 


DlsBemblisg for the Sa- 

An Alarm and Warning. . 
Masonry vmder the Mag- 

Selected : 
Some Aspects of the Im- 
migration Question 

The Centennial of the Con- 

Letters from Europe 

Washington Letter 

Reform News ; 
Illinois State Convention ; 
The Associated Church- 
es in Mississippi; The 
Amendment Campaign 
in Tennessee ; Marching 
Again through Georgia. 4,5 
Western Soudan Mission... 9 

Bible Lesson 6 

Obituary 7 

Notices 9 

The Home ; 10 

Temperance 11 

Religious Nbws 12 

Literature 12 

Lodge Notes 13 

The N. C. a 7 

Church vs Lodge 7 

American Party 7 

Home and Health 14 

Farm Notes 15 

News of thb Wbbk 16 

Business 13 

Markets , 13 

It is reported of the late Bishop Harris that in 
his early days he was prominent in the Masonic 
lodge, and was even at the head of a Knight Tem- 
plar commandery in Toledo. Doubtless in the secret 
of his heart he long since renounced the blasphe- 
mies of these early days; at least there seemed to 
be no thought of the lodge about his funeral obse- 

The Chicago anarchists and their friends are 
crowding their old haunts at Greif's and Floras 
Halls on West Lake Street, but the police are 
equally busy, watching every movement. There are 
not a few people, especially among the labor socie- 
ties, who denounce the decision of the courts as 
sanctioning murder. They are unanimous in the 
decision that the judgment of the shabbiest anarch- 
ist, who has not yet worn out his old-country 
clothes, is much better law than can be given by 
the best courts of the country. Roger A. Pryor 
and lawyer Black are seeking some means to get 
the ear of the Supreme Court, and petitions to the 
Governor are circulated. The last order for the 
fatal November 11th is in the hands of the sheriff; 
and, dreadful as is the sentence, it is just that the 
order should be faithfully carried out. 

The Chicago Times thinks that "Brother Blanch- 
ard and other Anti-mason fanatics" ought to be 
convinced by this time that Masonry does not pro- 
tect its members when guilty of crimes. The Cyno- 
sur will be glad to accept the Times hypothesis if its 
learned editor will convince us that the dealing of 
of the Freemasons with McGarigle and the other 
"boodlers" is not the exception and not the rule. 
It is very well for the lodge to put on the mask of 
reform when its rascalities have been found out. 
How long since, can the Times inform us, have Free- 
masons begun to weed out the thieves from their 
number. It was not thought of twelve years ago 
for whisky-ring thieves, plenty of whom were Ma- 

sons. Boss Tweed was a Mason; will the 2\me« tell 
us if his Masonic standing was vitiated by his 
knavery? But we have attacked the lodge as a shel- 
ter for thieves, because it has been so, and because 
it will be so, as long as its principles are unchanged. 

Joseph Buchanan, the editor of the Labor Trib- 
une, has become one of the strongest endorsers for 
the condemned anarchists. His paper says: "The case 
will be laid before the Supreme Court. Justice and 
love of our country's institutions, which are being 
used by one class to oppress another class, demand 
that the workers, whose sweat has made us 'great,' 
and whose blood has sealed the declaration of our 
freedom and equality,shall go to the highest tribun- 
al on earth ere surrendering in his struggle for fair 
play. The voice of the people must be heard in this 
case. The right of labor to protest against being 
robbed and beaten must be demonstrated, or we are 
indeed ready for the American empire, the aristoc- 
racy of wealth, and the subjection of the toiler." 
To talk of the condemned murderers as the "work- 
ingmen" is nonsense. Their most industrious mo- 
ments were spent in making bombs, or haunting sa- 
loons, or howling their tirades and threats to any 
crowd who would listen. There was not an honest 
workingman in the whole circle of secret groups 
which nursed their hateful conspiracy. The empire 
they wished to construct would have been as fatal 
to honest labor ae their bombs were to the police. 

The proposition of Captain Pratt of the Carlisle 
Indian Training School to furnish an object lesson 
at the Centennial, which the Cynosure lately noticed, 
was very successfully carried out. The Indians 
were cheered along the whole route and formed the 
most striking features of the parade. The Phila- 
delphia Press says of their performance: "The 
scenes of life on the plains, the wild, uncivilized 
garb and painted faces of the braves were noted 
with great interest by the crowds, but the represent- 
ations of the same Indians, robed and in their right 
minds, called forth long and steady applause. It 
was, however, the lads from Capt. Pratt's Carlisle 
School, marching in uniform with the firm step of 
veterans, which wrought the people up to the great- 
est pitch of enthusiasm. Handkerchiefs waved and 
the gloved hands in the Bellevue's boxes clapped 
tumultuously as the dark-skinned, bright-eyed sons 
of the prairies marched past with heads erect and 
shoulders squared." 

The press reports tell of "small audiences" and 
"empty benches" in the St. Louis churches last 
Sabbath. Some of their pastors have lately preached 
faithfully against the sacrilegous folly of the annual 
carnival. They cannot afford to be silent at the 
Sabbath violation by the Grand Army. Trains and 
streets full of shouting men marching to and fro 
do not recommend the moral character of the lodge 
to whom such honors are paid. One of the most 
important questions before this meeting will be the 
pensions. It is a standing order and about the first 
on the list. The proposition which will have most 
attention will be a universal pension — every soldier 
who served more than two months to be a tax upon 
the Treasury. Ben. Butler's speech the other day 
urging this "service" pension, and the immediate 
distribution of the Treasury surplus in pensions to 
both Union and rebel soldiers, may yet prove to be 
prophetiv.. The increasing demands of the Grand 
Army ui>on the Treasury will soon be met by a coun- 
ter demand from the South, and soon the question 
will be. Who will pension the tax-payer? 

Next Saturday and Sabbath Chicago will be filled 
with tramping militia and blaring bands. The "In- 
ternational Military Encampment" begins October 
1st, continuing until the 20th or later, and the weeks 
between will be filled with the 

"Pride and pomp and circumstance of glorious war." 
Drills, parades, sham battles, and prize contests 
will draw the multitudes and make the enterprise a 
profitable one if possible; and it is difficult to con- 
ceive any other object worth such a demand upon 
time and energies of thousands of men. If the 

managers did not hope to make money they would 
not engage in the speculation. We believe in pray- 
ing for their disappointment, because the whole af- 
fair will be a source of demoralization. Sabbath- 
breaking, the love of parade, vain competition, and 
unreal views of war's horrors will be promoted, 
and the people will be urged by every possible con- 
sideration to spend their money for these follies and 

As an antidote for these mercenary revivals of 
war spirit, it is good to read the brief address of 
ex-President Hayes at the Centennial banquet in 
Philadelphia. Aside from its vigorous moral tone 
it is accounted one of the best speeches made dur- 
ing the celebration. Mr. Hayes was not on the pro- 
gramme,but he was forced to respond to a unanimous 
call from the guests at the banquet. No sentences 
uttered on that occasion are more worthy of pres- 
ervation than these: "We hear of such a nation 
being the great war power of a continent, and of 
such another as the ruler in diplomacy. It is the 
glory of America, under the Constitution, to be the 
great pacific power of the globe — able without an 
army or navy to keep peace at home and to com- 
mand respect and consideration abroad. I thank 
the general of the army, that gallant soldier whom 
we all admire so much, for the remarks he has made. 
He has foreseen the position which this country is 
to occupy in the future in favor of arbitration as a 
means of settling international difficulties. Our po- 
sition is such that we can command a hearing by the 
world." This is a sentiment worthy of the states- 
man, patriot and philanthropist who uttered it Our 
wise men in Washington, and warlike editors all 
over the country who clamor for coast defenses and 
frowning navies, though the revenues of the nation 
be poured out like water for them, are blind with 
stupidity and pride, or they would see that the best 
defense of a nation is a loyal citizenship, a treasury 
without debt, and a land enriched by years of peace. 
Beside, a tithe of the sums spent in vain prepara- 
tions for war would secure universal arbitration 
and a practical exemption from the dread evils of 
international strife. 



The following anecdote of Abra) n Lincoln has 
never been in print It shows his estimate of the 
old Scotch Covenanters and their descendants. Dr. 
Sloane used to relate it in the seminary at Alleghe- 
ny City. During the war the Covenanters decided 
to send some missionaries to the Freedmen; but 
there was a difficulty because the Covenanters would 
not take an oath to the Constitution. In their view 
it recognized another supreme than one Jesus. And 
in those days the Government required such an oath 
before any one could pass our lines to the front 
Dr. Sloane was sent to Mr. Lincoln at Washington 
to request that our missionaries be passed with a 
modified oath. 

When he had presented the case to Mr. Lincoln, 
the President turned to one of his secretaries and 
said, "Whitehead, do you know those hard-shell 

"Yes," replied Whitehead. 

"Well, write them out just such a modified oath 
as they request, for you know there is not a disloy- 
al hair in their heads." 

Whitehead, at Dr. Sloane's dictation, then wrote 
out a form of oath; but insisted on inserting a clause 
binding to loyalty to the Constitution. Then bring- 
ing it to Lincoln, he read it over slowly; when 
coming to this clause, the President said, "White- 
head, what did j'ou put that clause in for?" 

Whitehead replieti, "I thought our officers would 
not honor it without such a clause." 

"The devil they won't," replied the President; 
and drawing his pen across the clause, he signed 
his own name to it with a tlourish, saying, as he 
handed it to Dr. Sloane, "There, they will honor 

Waukesha, Wis. 



September 29, 1887 



Visiting a fine collection of animals my five-year- 
old boy is delighted with some young tigers, and he 
begs me to buy one of those pretty kittens for him 
to play with. "Oh no," I reply, "though now so 
beautiful and harmless apparently, when they are 
older, gladly would they feast on your flesh, and 
drink your heart's blood." 

Musing on this incident, such I thought in spirit- 
ual things are the lesser or minor secret orders of 
to-day. Drawn largely from our youth "who want 
a good time," and those who really desire to "do 
good," the Good Templar and kindred societies 
seem to oflfer them an open door to attain their 
wishes. Like the lad who saw only a beautiful kit- 
ten in a young Bengal tiger, they see not the dark, 
moving, pervading spirit of the lodge they join; 
nor the ghosts of murdered souls hid in or behind 
its shadow. 

Generally speaking, they do not know that men 
originated those orders who had been the members 
of a blood-stained order, on which the brand of Cain 
is so set that forty-five out of every fifty of its mem- 
bers left never to return. They do not realize that 
they have entered a vast training school, the natural 
course of which is onward and downward, through 
unquestioning obedience, and blind secrecy, away 
from Jesus, and so away from God and heaven. 




I read with curious interest from time to time the 
extraordinary and persistent efforts of the old polit- 
ical party organs to belie, malign, and misrepresent 
Prohibitionists, and make their readers believe "pro- 
hibition is a failure!" Has the rum god totally 
blinded their eyes, or totally depraved their hearts? 
or both? It does seem these organs must know 
there never was a time when the prohibition cause 
stood as strong, when it polled as many votes, when 
as high and unquestioned testimony proves its suc- 
cess and good results where adopted and enforced, 
or when the old pro-license parties stood as much 
in fear of the great prohibition uprising, or the liq- 
our dealers were as much alarmed for the safety of 
the wicked "craft by which they get their gains," as 
now. Think of 180,000 votes so recently given for 
the amendment in Michigan, and now 91,000 voters 
in "Grod-forsaken Texas," facing the vilest and most 
powerful opposition including Jeff. Davis, and vot- 
ing for prohibition against his autocratic ipse dixit! 

The Free Press of this city, after writing down pro- 
hibition, and professing willingness to hear both 
sides, refused a reply. So much for the fairness of 
the opposition. It is said, "Great minds run in the 
same groove." You have, Mr. Free Press, on this 
question the sympathy and support of the liquor 
men, not only, but such furtive brains as Mr. San- 
ford H. Cobb, and that great patriot-statesman and 
generalissimo who has done so much for his coun- 
try and mankind, Mr. Jefferson Davis I But really 
it don't look as though prohibition was such a fail- 
ure as you would make it — when its loudly increas- 
ing thunders have awakened such Rip Van Winkle 
fogies from their slumbers to reiterate such stale 
and oft- repeated and oft-refuted sophisms I I do 
not see how you, Mr. Editor of the Free Press, prove 
your claim to "an earnest desire for temperance and 
the extinction of the drink evil;" nor how you can 
conserve the interests of good society, a noble man- 
hood, good government, and happy homes, by sup- 
porting the liquor license system, and continually 
and persistently opposing prohibition. Your posi- 
tion is paradoxical, like the man who "was as much 
opposed to slavery as anybody, and just as much 
opposed to abolition I" And it seems to me you are 
not even serving the liquor interest as effectively as 
you imagine, or as you might, if that is the animus 
of your writing. You are firing a gun that may do 
execution at the wrong end. 

If you could prove that the common, everyday 
rowdjism, riotings, fightings. Sabbath desecrations, 
wife-beatings, shocking casualties, savage murders, 
attributed to the liquor business, were purely imag- 
inary; could show that the statistics of the country 
which prove eight-tenths of all these revolting con- 
sequences to be caused by liquor are false; could 
show that grog shops were demanded by any want 
of the people, a necessary factor to their nrosperity, 
industry, economy, good order or happy homes, you 
might indeed do the liquor fraternity a good turn 
•nd secure their good will and lupport. Bat iup- 

pose you show that the combined efforts of Chris- 
tians, philanthropists and statesmen, by moral sua- 
sion and by prohibitory laws have failed to stay the 
tide or mitigate the liquor curse, what then? You 
have unconsciously presented a terrible indictment 
against the liquor crime. You have given the 
strongest argument for immediate and universal 
prohibition! You have shown a state of things that 
should alarm and startle every good citizen, namely, 
that we have suffered to take root and grow up, have 
actually environed and fostered by our laws, a 
deadly foe to manhood, morality, religion, educa- 
tion, industry, economy, law and order, and all we 
hold sacred in human society — a brazen-faced foe 
that contemptuously tramples under its feet both 
the laws of God and the laws of the State. By your 
own showing, therefore, you have proven that this 
defiant power for evil should be prohibited and 
crushed out ere it has completely undermined the 
foundations of society. 

Is it not strange the Free Press, or any other pub- 
lic journal, should pour out its vials of wrath against 
so good and a so much needed law, instead of upon 
the guilty violators of the law? Or on the guilty 
political parties and their recreant oflScials who neg- 
lect or refuse to enforce the laws? Why condemn 
prohibition for the crimes committed by the lawless 
in spite of prohibition, and accuse the law of "fail- 
ure" instead of the guilty oflicers who fail to exe- 
cute it? 

You procure the most perfect and complete print- 
ing press for your business that art and skill can 
produce. It is set up ready for action. The time 
comes to run off the great edition of the paper, but 
no engineer comes near, no word of command is 
given to start the press, no sound of machinery is 
heard, no printed sheets fly away to their expectant 
subscribers. What is the matter? Is the press at 
fault? O no! the press is all right, but no one puts 
its powers into action. No one sets it to work, and 
it will not run itself! Will you publish the next 
day a column or more of rhetoric to prove your new 
press a "failure" and its constructor a "fanatic" and 
"crank?" I trow not. 

I marvel that you profound and astute editors 
have not discovered and dilated upon the short- 
sighted policy of the Almighty in prohibiting in- 
stead of "licensing" crime and wrong; that he did 
not adopt our modern "license" or "tax" scheme 
with Adam and Eve in regard to the forbidden 
fruit, and so "license" the crimes forbidden in the 
Decalogue instead of prohibiting them! And why 
do you not on the same principle expatiate on the 
"failure" of the whole Divine and human economy 
of penal laws and declare the civil codes of all na- 
tions miserable abortions, total "failures;" for there 
is not a crime or wrong prohibited by the penal 
laws of any nation that is not committed daily, not- 
withstanding the fines, imprisonments and death 
penalties imposed. 

Why not be consistent, and on the same principle 
denounce the "license" system as a failure? It de- 
serves double damnation. It sanctions, for money, 
the devilish traffic it pretends to "control" and "reg- 
ulate," and then suffers its licensed, toddy-stick 
gentry to violate with impunity and set at defiance 
every restraining or prohibitory clause in it! selling 
to drunkards, minors, Indians, and on Sundays, 
election days and forbidden hours of the night! It 
is worse than a failure, so far as checking or remov- 
ing the evil is concerned, or in educating the people 
in temperance principles and habits; while it gives 
legal status and respectability to the traffic and 
fastens its ghastly crimes and miseries upon society 
by law and takes a bribe for its share in the deadly 

And now the Free Press calls to its aid Mr. San- 
ford H. "Cobb" of the new Princeton Review, who 
repeats the stale aphorism, "You cannot make men 
virtuous by compulsion!" Far fetched! No Prohi- 
bitionist dreams of any such thing. But would you, 
therefore, have no laws to prevent or punish vice 
and crime, but rather license the most prolific cause 
of wrong doing and wretchedness? Has not God 
ordained penal laws as a "terror to evil doers," "and 
a praise to them that do well?" Should we not re- 
move as far as possible every temptation calculated 
to lead men, especially our youth, astray? Do you 
pray, "Lead us not into temptation," and then license 
grogshops all along their pathway? Mr. Cobb reit- 
erates the trite old saying, "Self-control is a manly 
virtue!" Yes; and then would he legalize the use 
of that which of all else most completely takes away 
and destroys all power of self-control, and makes 
the emasculated dupe the pliant victim and slave of 
bis wicked tempter and destroyer? 

Mr. Cobb dilates in real, old-fashioned style on 
the "excessive use" or "abuse" of alcoholic or intox- 
icating drinks, as though any use of them as drinks 
was not an "abuse," an abuse of the liquor, and an 

abuse of the drinker! "Wine is a mocker, strong 
drink is raging, and whosoever is deceived thereby 
is not wise." Such talk is a virtual justification of 
the so-called "moderate drinking," the old Satanic 
and fatal snare which has ever led and whelmed 
men in the awful maelstrom of intemperance and its 
dreadful ruin. Did the All-wise Father and law- 
giver talk to our first parents after that fashion, and 
gingerly warn them against the "abuse" or "exces- 
sive use" of the forbidden fruit? Did he talk to the 
people through that immortal Decalogue about the 
"excessive use" or "abuse" of stealing, swearing, 
adultery, murder? No. Total abstinence from the 
wrong and the hurtful was the first doctrine ever 
taught to man, and prohibition was the first law 
ever announced to the world. "Abstain from all 
appearance of evil" is the Divine injunction. Any 
amount of alcohol used as a drink is an abuse; is 
just as much a violation of the physical laws as any 
amount of theft is a violation of the moral and 
statute law! One drop of alcohol in contact with 
the mucous membrane of the stomach produces an 
unnatural and injurious irritation of that delicate 
and sensitive organ, as one-hundredth part of a drop 
on the corner of the eye irritates and inflames that 
sensitive organ. 

But Mr. Cobb seems to have reached his climax 
when he charges Prohibitionists with demanding, 
"because intoxicants are abused by some to drunk- 
enness, that there shall be no intoxicants at all!" 
He then answers to this, "that because the sexual 
instinct is abused by some, therefore all union of 
the sexes shall be forbidden." Who cannot see the 
sophism and absurdity of this postulate? Compar- 
ing or assuming for the drinking of intoxicants the 
same demand and justification in nature as for the 
use of the sexual instinct! Any man of intelligence 
knows there is no normal or natural demand for in- 
toxicants, and consequently no natural supply of in- 
toxicants in nature. The demand and the supply 
are wholly artificial or factitious. They are illegiti- 
mate and hellish. They are of their "father the devil, 
and his works they do!" Shakespeare well said of 
the "invisible spirit of wine:" 

"If thou hadst no name by which to know thee, 
We would call thee devil !" 
God never made man for intoxicants, nor intoxi- 
cants for man. But he did create the sexual rela- 
tion and the sexual instinct for the procreation aod 
perpetuation of the human race. The relation of in- 
toxicants and their effects upon humanity are of the 
devil: the relation of the sexes to humanity is of 
God; and the consequent reproduction and continued 
identity of the human race through all these inter- 
vening ages is not only a profound mystery, but a 
justification of this relation — a wonder and a glory, 
the matchless glory of the Eternal Infiaite! 

As to Mr. Jefferson Davis, it seems he is still 
"hanging on a sour-apple tree," and seems not to 
sweeten with age, though certainly old enough to 
mellow; and one would suppose the sufferance which 
has allowed him to live these long years, and given 
him opportunity to meditate on the bloodshed and 
suffering his great unatoned crime has cost the re- 
public, would ere this have softened his heart and 
led him to do something to redeem his name and 
make amends for the great wrong he wrought and 
the terrible calamity he brought upon the nation. 
A great opportunity was offered him in Texas to use 
his influence for the good of the people, but he 
showed himself still a rebel, and with all his influ- 
ence aided the whisky rebellion. 

But what other could we expect from a man who 
could cover up and shield his determination to per- 
petrate and perpetuate the heinous crime of human 
slavery under the specious guise of "States rights" 
or "State sovereignty," and involve a great nation 
in a fratricidal and bloody war for such an inhuman 
system, but that he would be ready also to cover and 
shield the murderous liquor traffic under the same 
false and spurious plea! 


An apt illustration of the spirit of Romanism in 
our country is found in the report of the Central 
Union of German Romanists lately meeting in Chi- 
cago. Dr. Augustus Kaiser said: "A single head 
is necessary for the church. . . . Gregory XVI. 
used to say he was nowhere completely the pope ex- 
cept in North America. The Catholics should sup- 
pori the pope by strict obedience, and, if necessary 
by resistance, compel the temporal authorities to 
make the required concessions." 

These are the true sentiments of the faithful Ro- 
manists. What are the true sentiments of the faith- 
ful Protestants? The one deliberately and boldly 
avows supreme allegiance, politically and religious- 
ly, to the pope. Read the words again, reader! All 
politics are ased to serve him and cor liberalism 

September 29, 1887 


smiles complacently at their speeches and at their 
success; at the imprisonment of preachers in Bos- 
ton, and at the outrages against them in Chicago. 

The above statement derives vastly greater im- 
portance from the fact that it is not an ebullition 
of Irish zeal, but the deliberate words at the Cen- 
tral Union of German American Catholics! We 
are fast arriving at the place where "boodler" poli- 
tics will be for or against municipal, State and na- 
tional support of Romanism. 

Another speaker at this meeting said, "The Cath- 
olics wanted to influence the school system of this 
country in accordance with their principles." This 
is done under the claim of "equal rights," by which 
they mean that, as Catholics, they should have the 
right to preserve the German tongue and Catholic 
religion in the education of their families. Priests 
and laymen were to be a committee, with power to 
add other nationalities and non-Catholics who 
agreed with them. Another referred to our public 
schools as "impious, irreligious, and of injurious in- 

Another straw shows how the wind blows. At 
the great celebration of our National Constitution 
in Philadelphia the opportunity was taken advan- 
tage of to have President Cleveland, the head of the 
nation.and the prince of the Roman Catholic church 
in the United States, brought together; and they 
grasped each other's hands in the sight of the great 
gathering, and the record tells of the hearty wel- 
come and applause which followed. 

Well may the Pope say that nowhere is he so 
much the pope as he is to-day in the United States! 
But what shall be the fruit from such seed? Popish 
supremacy is as truly the animus of Rome to-day as 
it ever has been, and this is as incompatible with 
the supremacy of the will of the people as slavery 
was to liberty, and the fruit must be the same. 

A Soot. 

religion it is the next thing to it, for it has on re- 
ligious clothes, father says "sheep's clothing," but I 
suppose he refers to their "sheep skins, or white 
aprops." Of course it is a religion, with its odes, 
chants, prayers, and funeral dirges; its chaplains, 
stewards, deacons, worshipful masters, priests and 
most excellent grand high priests. 

Let us consult General Grand High Priest Albert 
G. Mackey again. Well, as for titles, what can com- 
pare with theological dignity like that. On page 95 
of his great book of Masonic Jurisprudence, he 
says: "The truth is that Masonry is undoubtedly a 
religious institution — its religion being of that uni- 
versal kind in which all men agree;" — Hold on. Sir 
High Priest Mackey. That's not my mother's relig- 
ion, the religion of the Bible, the religion of the 
church that holds me on probation. All men do not 
agree in the Christian religion. What are the tenets 
of this peculiar religion? Perhaps it will all be ex- 
plained as we proceed. 

[To be Continued.'] 





Is Freemasonry a religious or irreligious, moral 
or immoral institution? We will start with Webb 
every time and finish up with these later authors. 
Webb's Masonic Monitor, by Morris, page 13: "No 
lodge can be regularly opened or closed without re- 
ligious services of some sort." 

''Some sort." Perhaps they just render a chant, 
sing a hymn, or, as father says, take up a collection. 
Bur, on page284of this same lodge monitor it say s : "No 
lodge or Masonic assembly can be regularly opened 
or closed without prayer. " Then that "religious serv- 
ice" must be prayer. When a man prays he is sup- 
posed to be standing face to face with Almighty 
God. Why do Masons always pray? Here is a 
Lexicon of Freemasonry, by Albert G. Mackey, Past 
General Grand High Priest of the General Grand 
Chapter of the Masons of the United States, page 
369: "Prayer. All the ceremonies of our order 
are prefaced and terminated with prayer, because 
Masonry is a religious institution, and because we 
thereby show our dependence on, and our faith and 
trust in, God." 

That is the reason why every devout, pious per- 
son should pray, if they offer a consistent petition. 
That is the reason my mother prays, and father says 
she prays enough for the whole family, and she's 
right, too, for the Bible says to pray without ceas- 
ing. When they got married father was an Aboli- 
tionist and mother was a Wesleyan Methodist. He 
don't like our M. E. preacher because he is a Mason, 
and mother don't like that either, and as for me, 
well, I'm in on probation, and I'm going to sift this 
question. Pierson's Traditions of Freemasonry, by 
A. T. C. Pierson, Past Grand High Priest and Grand 
Captain General of the Grand Encampment of the 
Masons of the United States, page 14: "But the 
order of Freemasonry goes further than did the an- 
cient mysteries; while it embodies all that is valu- 
able in the institutions of the past, it embraces all 
that is good and true of the present, and thus be- 
comes a conservator as well as a depository of re- 
ligion, science and art." 

Again, we listen to 33 © Sovereign Grand Inspect- 
or General Dan Sickels, in his "Ahiman Rezon" or 
Freemasons' Guide, page 57: "And, finally, we shall 
discover that our rites embrace all the possible cir- 
cumstances of man — moral, spiritual and social — 
and have a meaning high as the heavens, broad rs 
the universe, and profound as eternity." 

Beat that if you can! I'll have to post father and 
mother up a little so they won't oppose "all that 
is valuable," and "all that is good and true." What 
a grand and comprehensive system! If that is not 

The problem of immigration has suddenly become 
one of the foremost issues of the day, and is likely 
to remain as such until some practical measures are 
adopted by Congress for remedying the evils which 
are believed to result from an unrestricted flow of 
foreign populations into this country. It is not ex- 
pected, however, that this question will be settled at 
once, or without a stout conflict among the friends 
and opponents of a restrictive policy. There are 
manv arguments to be urged on both sides. The 
difllculty on the side of restriction is to know where 
to draw the line between objectionable and unob- 
jectionable immigrants. We already have laws de- 
signed to exclude actual paupers and laborers brought 
out under contract, but these laws are imperfect in 
their operations, and really help the situation but 
very little. The classes of foreigners against which 
the country is revolting are the multitudes of igno- 
rant, vicious, degraded outcasts of European coun- 
tries,who crowd into our cities and swell the popula- 
tion of our asylums and prisons. For the sober, 
industrious and self-respecting foreigner who comes 
here with an honest purpose to better his condition, 
and a real desire to identify himself with the coun- 
try, there is still an abundance of room and a hearty 
welcome. But it is easier to set up a standard of 
qualification for these new comers than it is to en- 
force any discriminations. The trouble is to know 
where and how to apply the tests which shall distin- 
guish the future anarchists, desperadoes, lunatics 
and vagabonds from the honest, frugal, ambitious, 
home-seekers and worthy citizens of the future. 
What process can be devised which shall separate 
the dross of immgration from the solid ore as the 
whole mass comes rushing in together through our 
seaboard gates? This is a problem which will tax 
our ablest economists and our wisest statesmen to 

A vast amount of valuable information on this 
emigration question has lately been furnished 
through the medium of the Government printing of- 
fice at Washington. About a year ago a circular 
was sent out by our Department of State to consu- 
lar officers of the United States in Europe, with in- 
structions to investigate and report to the Depart- 
ment on the statistics of emigration in each consu- 
lar district, the causes of emigration, the classes 
which supply the greatest number of emigrants, and 
the social and moral condition of the people. The 
reports received in accordance with these instruc- 
tions are now published in a form for public distri- 

The tabulated results of the investigations made 
by the consuls afford some interesting and suggest- 
ive statistics. For example, in a classification by 
occupation, it is shown that the total emigration for 
the years 1873-86 was 5,396,416, and of this num- 
ber 2,596,188 are set down as without occupation, 
587,349 as skilled, and 31,803 as professional. In 
other words, over forty-eight per cent, or nearly half, 
of the immigrants coming in that time had no stated 
means of obtaining a livelihood, and only about ten 
per cent were skilled workmen. The records of em- 
igration from Scotland show the largest per cent of 
skilled labor, the average indicated being about 
twenty-five per cent. France, Belgium and Switzer- 
land maintain about an equal average of fifteen and 
eighteen per cent. Ireland stands the lowest, with 
an average of less than seven per cent of skilled 
laborers in a total of over 700,000. The average in 
Sweden, Italy and Russia is also very low. In a 
circular diagram, showing the proportion of agricul- 
culturists among the emigrants of 1886, Germany 
has nearly as much space as all the other countries 
put together. Italy has the next largest space,and the 

Netherlands the smallest of all. This is as they 
stand before coming to this country. Very few of 
the Italians engage in farming after arriving here. 
In a chart of the emigration of certain occupations 
in 1886, showing the relative number from each 
country, Germany is found to send the largest pro- 
portion of carpenters, tailors, shoemakers and black- 
smiths; the United Kingdom of Great Britain the 
largest number of miners, masons, spinners, print- 
ers, mechanics and artisans. In general the Ger- 
mans represent those industries that depend upon 
hand labor, or the requirements of every-day life, 
while the English supply the mechanical element. 

Turning to the reports of particular countries, we 
find that Austria-Hungary makes the worst showing 
of all. The emigrants from Hungary are chiefly of 
the Slovack tribe, and at home are counted among 
the poorest, lowest, most degraded and hopeless 
class of the population. They are greatly given to 
the vice of drunkenness, and their family and social 
life is of the lowest order. Very few of them come 
to America with any intention of remaining, and 
while here remain herded together in thefr filthy 
huts with no apparent desire to profit by the new 
conditions of life around them. The present emi- 
gration from Italy is shown to be but little better in 
character than that from Hungary. Particularly 
objectionable are the emigrants from the southern 
districts and from Sicily. These are the most illit- 
erate parts of Italy, and in these districts brigand- 
age has been for many years extremely prevalent 
The general causes of emigration are stated as over- 
population and high taxes. The cost of living has 
increased immensely in Italy in the last few years 
with the great increase in taxes. Rents are higher, 
while the value of the produce of the land is kept 
down by foreign competition. TIm consul who re- 
ports the district of Milan expresses the opinion 
that emigration from Italy will be greatly increased 
during the next few years. There is but little emi- 
gration from Russia, more perhaps to the United 
States than to any other country. The Government 
of Russia does not encourage emigration; on the 
contrary it prohibits all Russian subjects from leav- 
ing the Empire of Russia, except Poles and Jews. 
It does not encourage these in any tangible form, 
but allows them to leave with written permission. 
The Mennonites have emigrated, perhaps, more ex- 
tensively than any other class of Russian subjects. 
The Mennonites are an industrious, thrifty people, 
and are desirable emigrants. The consuls in Switzer- 
land present a flattering report of the character of 
the emigration from that country. The number of 
emigrants from Switzerland to the United States 
from 1873 to 1885, both inclusive, was 65,332; emi- 
gration to all other countries for the same period, 
15,242; total, 80,574—80 per cent going to the 
United States. Previous to 1881 there was much 
complaint in Switzerland of objectionable and "as- 
sisted" emigration to the United States, but in April, 
1881, there went into effect a law, passed by the 
Swiss Government, forbidding "agents to forward 
persons to whom the laws of the country to which 
they emigrate prohibit the entry." Mr. Boyd Win- 
chester, who reports for the iSerne district, says 
pauperism, as an -institution, is unknown in Switzer- 

In none of these consular reports is any mention 
made of "assistetl emigration," the deportation of 
criminals and incapables. The consuls are quite 
unanimous in saying that nothing of this kind has 
come within their knowledge. The general opinion 
also seems to be that emigration ought to be en- 
couraged rather than restricted. The statements 
and statistics given by many of the consuls cer- 
tainly favor this view. — N. F. Ob$erver. 

Chrysostom beautifully says, for our comfort: "I 
have a pledge from Christ — have his note of hand — 
which is my support, my refuge, and heaven; and 
though the world should rage, to this security I 
cling. How reads it? 'Lo, I am with you always, 
even unto the end of the world.' If Christ be with 
me, what shall I fear? If he is mine, all the pow- 
ers of earth to me are nothing more than a spider's 

The first saloon case was settled at Council Bluffs, 
Sept. 3, when Judge Deemer ruled in the District 
Court that the temporary writ of injunction granted 
against the keeper of a saloon and owner of the 
building should bo made permanent, and the bar 
fixtures sold and lien filed against the building to 
pay the costs of prosecuting the case. It is the first 
permanent writ granteti and is one of over fifty 
cases to be heard. It is also the first victory for 
the prosecutors, and is illy received by the saloon 
men. The case has been appealed to the Supreme 
Court. Brown, the owner, is* one of the wealthiest 
and most influential men of the city. 



September 2d, 18S9 


The immense procession and crowd. — The Carlisle School 
exhibit. — The unheard addresses. — Rom^ arrogant 
and dominant. — The National Reform Association's 
request. — Granted and withdrawn at the demand of 

Philadelphia, Sept. 20, 1887. 
Editor Christian Cynosure: — The Centennial 
Celebration of the framing of our National Consti- 
tution has come and gone. It was successful beyond 
the most sanguine expectations of the managers. 
The Industrial Display on Thursday, the 15th, was 
witnessed by more than 1,000,000 people, including 
the Governors and other officers from twenty-four 
States. The procession was ten miles long. Perhaps 
21,000 men were in the line of march, 2,000 horses, 
500 wagons and floats, and 2, 100 musicians. Colonel 
Snowden was commander of the day. 

A noticeable feature was the Indian lads from 
Captain Pratt's Carlisle school, marching in uniform 
with slrftes under their arms. They were preceded 
by a company of wild, uncivilized Indians from the 
plains, with the garb and painted faces of their na- 
tive state. The contrast between them, and those 
who were clothed and in their right mind, was an 
object lesson for the American people as to the 
power of education and the Christian religion in 
transforming the Indian. The Military Display on 
Friday under the command of Lieutenant Greneral 
Sheridan, with 20,000 uniformed men in line, was 
an unusual occurrence in this country in times of 

But Saturday was the great day of the National 
feast. A platform erected at the rear of Independ- 
ence Hall accommodated 10,000 people. Behind 
this gathered at least 40,000. Hon. John A. Kas- 
son. President of the Constitutional Commission, 
introduced the speakers. On the stage were Presi- 
dent Cleveland and his wife, ex-President Hayes 
and ex-Vice President Hannibal Hamlin, Secretary 
Bayard, ex-Secrelary Evarts, Chief Justice Waite 
and Justices Miller, Blatchford and Harlan of the 
United States Supreme Court, Bishop Potter and 
Cardinal Gibbons, Governors of several States, Con- 
gressmen and military officers. The address of 
President Cleveland was heard by most on the stage, 
but the oration of Justice Miller could not be heard 
twenty feet away. He read closely and his voice 
was weak. It was my good fortune to have a seat 
among the reporters, and not a word could be heard 
there. The occasion, subject and man were there, 
but not the voice. The plan of this performance 
was poorly conceived. They should have secured 
Music Hall and issued tickets for National and State 
officers, clergymen, lawyers, editors and professors, 
and selected an orator who could be heard distinctly, 
and then there would have been some satisfaction 
and profit in it. 

It was noticeable that on the stage the church of 
Rome was well represented, a church which is the 
ancient foe of civil and religious liberty; but the 
great Presbyterian church, which has done so much 
to make this country what it is to-day, was not rep- 
resented at all. Modest worth takes a back seat 
now-a-days, but impudent treachery goes to the 
front. The music by the Marine Band and the cho- 
rus of 2,000 children and 200 male voices was grand. 
But all might have sung. 

At a reform meeting in the First Reformed Pres- 
byterian church last evening, Rev. J. H. Leiper 
stated that an application had been made to the 
Centennial Commission, on behalf of the National 
Reform Association, to allow a carriage in Thurs- 
day's procession bearing a banner with the inscrip- 
tion, " Christ the King of Nations and the Bible the 
tSupreme Law;" also another banner with this in- 
scription, "TAe Fifteenth Amendment secures the rights 
of man. Let us have another securing the rights of 
God. " The Commission cordially granted the request 
and it was so published in the local papers. But it 
brought down upon them such a shower of protests 
that the Commission revoked the order and notified 
the Association that they could not allow them in 
the procession, as it would provoke discussion. They 
could allow Cardinal Gibbons on the stand with his 
red hat, but no banner for Christ in the procession. 
Perhaps it was well enough, for it would not have 
looked well for such a banner to follow Gambrinus 
and the Beer Barrel. 

The Government gives character to the people 
over whom it presides. Twenty-three times it is 
mentioned that Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, 
caused Israel to sin by setting up idols. The nation 
became idolatrous and was finally carried captive to 
Babylon and kept in the furnace of slavery for sev- 
enty years, until the dross of slavery was removed, 
and they were made forever free from that sin. 
Philip II. of Spain was a rank papist and Spain has 
been Roman Catholic to this day. France revoked 

the Edict of Nantes and expelled 400,000 Hugue- 
nots. She reaped the bitter fruits of that crime in 
the Reign of Terror, and to-day she is a nation of 
skeptics. Henry VIII. repudiated the papal author- 
ity and made himself the head of the church of 
England in 1532, and to-day Queen Victoria enjoys 
that unworthy eminence. Our nation has a secular 
Constitution; it is rapidly secularizing the nation. 
It is only a question of time when the nation will 
be like the Constitution. 

On the other hand the godly governments of Da- 
vid and Solomon, of Asa, Josiah and Hezekiah, 
made the piety and religion of their reigns possible. 
The Switzerland Republic became Christian in Cal- 
vin's day, and Protestantism reigns in every canton 
to-day. William the Silent and the Reformers in 
Holland set up the Dutch Republic, establishing it 
in Christian principles, and they are a free people. 
In the English Revolution of 1688 William, Prince 
of Orange, established civil and religious liberty, 
and it is so to-day. Let our Constitution be Chris- 
tianized and the nation will be led up to God. 

J. M. Foster. 

Befoem News. 


The place chosen for the Illinois State Convention 
for 1887 was historic ground. Thirty-six years ago 
Belvidere was the scene of a pitiful tragedy, whose 
guilty agents were shielded by the lodge from jus- 
tice. The building occupied by the Masonic lodge 
at that day is still pointed out on the main street of 
the city. There Ellen Slade was confined by her 
murderers. The old Keith house where she was 
ruined is on a corner not far away; and yet further 
are the houses in that day occupied by Dr. Wood- 
ward where she died, and by Judge Whitney, the 
master of the lodge, whose love of justice was 
stronger than the villainous bonds of Masonry. The 
startling events of that day are vividly remembered 
by some old residents of Belvidere, but to most who 
live in the beautiful town they are probably un- 
known. The lodge is strong, too, but more subdued 
than when it threatened Starry and made a fumbling 
arrest of W. B. Stoddard for selling a 20-cent pam- 
phlet exposing its wickedness. 

Here in a central place, hard by the postofflce I. 
R, B. Arnold had pitched his great tent, and for sev- 
eral nights had drawn in hundreds to his illustrated 
lectures. Tuesday evening of last week he gave to 
a comparison of ancient and modern heathenism. 
Some 700 people were listening, and he had pro- 
ceeded some fifteen minutes when alarm whistles 
and bells and a cry of "fire" stampeded the people. 
Most of them returned, however, in a short time, 
having satisfied themselves that their own homes 
were safe. A cider mill and canning factory which 
did business every day in the week was burned. 
Good announcements were made of the State Con- 
vention to open next day in the tent, but the friends 
who gathered next day were disappointed that so 
few came in at the appointed hour. Other officers 
were absent and the recording secretary nominated 
J. P. Stoddard as temporary chairman. The fore- 
noon was occupied in religious exercises and brief 
addresses, and the time was full of profit. Among 
the speakers was Rev. W. L. Walker of the Evan- 
gelical Association, and Rev. J. T. Hurry, delegate 
from the Illinois Wesleyan conference. 

The report of the Treasurer was read and ap- 
proved, showing the receipts from all sources to 
have been $1,295.56; the expenses $1,246.22, leav- 
ing $49.34 in the treasury. The Executive Commit- 
tee report which appears elsewhere, was by a mis- 
understanding not forwarded by the secretary. Its 
substance was given from memory with a supple- 
mental report of work done in the State outside the 
operations of the State society. A verbal report was 
also made of the changes recommended by the Ex- 
ecutive Committee. The most important of these 
was the formation of the Executive Committee. 
This was to be of seven persons and the three execu- 
tive officers of the body ex-officio. Vice-presidents 
were to be selected one from each Congressional 
district, who are expected to form a co-operative 
committee. The reports were approved. 

A Bible reading on secretism was conducted by 
M. N. Butler for an hour in the afternoon, and in 
the evening able addresses were made by brethren 
Stoddard and Gault, followed by a brief talk by I. 
R. B. Arnold with his lantern to help. The day and 
evening were rainy. At times the roar of falling 
water prevented the speaking. The attendance was 
therefore small but the interest was good. 

Thursday morning the nominating committee's re- 
port was accepted, making Secretary Stoddard presi- 
dent; Revs. William Wishart and L. N. Stratton, 
vice-presidents at large; M. N. Butler, secretary; 

and W. I. Phillips, treasurer; Executive Committee: 
Rev. Joseph Travis, Evanston; Prof. Elliott Whip- 
ple, Rev. A. W. Parry and Mrs. L. N. Stratton, 
Wheaton; Mrs. E. A. Cook and H. L. Kellogg, Chi- 
cago; and Prof. Brodt, Elmhurst. The selection of 
other vice-presidents was referred to the Executive 
Committee. The recommendation of this last item 
by the nominating committee suggested some meth- 
ods of carrying on the work in the State that aroused 
a spirited debate. Pastor Harris of the Congrega- 
tional church, Byron, who was present with a dele- 
gation of strong men from his church, took an- active 
part in it, and spoke in denunciation of the Ma- 
sonic lodge into which he had been inveigled by 
T. T. Gurney and others. Mrs. Cronk, Mrs. M. A. 
Blanchard, Mrs. J. P. Stoddard, and Messrs. Gault, 
Hurry, Kellogg, Reynolds, Butler, Grinnell and oth- 
ers took part until the forenoon was gone. 

In the afternoon the resolutions were passed upon; 
a committee of five, C. A. Blanchard, L. N. Stratton, 
Jerome Howe, Mrs. L. H. Plumb, and E. B.Worrell, 
were appointed to represent the convention in the 
Prohibition Conference in Chicago, Nov. 30; and a 
Bible Reading by H. L. Kellogg on "The Two Baby- 
Ions" closed an interesting and profitable day. The 
heavy rains having made the tent unfit for use, a 
church room was occupied. 

In the evening some 600 people gathered again in 
the tent and listened to one of Pres. C. A. Blanch- 
ard's stirring and eloquent addresses, followed by a 
brief calcium light exhibition by I. R. B. Arnold. 

Although the convention was small, barely fifty 
delegates being enrolled, yet all felt it to be a very 
profitable meeting, and if its plans and hopes for 
carrying on the work during the year are fulfilled, 
we shall have grown to an host by the time the next 
anniversary comes round. 


Your committee would report the following resolu- 
tions ; 

Whereas, The pulpit, the platform and the press are 
the most e£Eectual instrumentalities to move public senti- 
ment on the lodge question; therefore resolved: 

1. That we will redouble our efforts to maintain a 
State lecturer who will diligently seek every opportuni- 
ty for preaching, lecturing and circulating literature on 
this issue. 

2. That the organization of a Lecture Bureau would 
greatly facilitate the agitation by planning and arrang- 
ing lecture campaigns, so as very much to economize the 
time, labors and expenses of the lecturer. 

3. TTAereas, The prohibition of the liquor traffic has been 
a prominent plank in our platform of principles from the 
first, and we believe the eventual success of prohibition 
depends on the destruction of the secret lodge system and 
its oath-bound favoritism and sworn affiliation with li- 
quor men; therefore 

Resolved, That as American prohibitionists our rule in 
voting shall be to refuse to support lodge members for 

4. That we highly commend the W. C. T . Unions for 
the good they have done and congratulate them on their 
success under God in the promotion of open Christian 
work in all their lines of endeavor, but we would ur^e 
upon them, as a kindred Christian association, the im- 
portance of bearing a clear testimony against the secrecy 
feature of the orders which seek to gain their co-opera- 
tion, but at the same time put their light under a bushel 
contrary to the command of the Word of God. 

5. That the time and money consumed in the working 
of the secret order8,thoughagreatloss,is the"least of the 
evils" attending their operation; as those orders prove to 
be immense training schools for the higher irreligious or- 
ders, controlled and often started by Masons and mem- 
bers of those older secret organizations. 

6. Greater effort should be put forth the present year 
to secure united and earnest prayer for the downfall of 
all secret orders and the use of only open methods in pro- 
moting benevolent works. To this end we commend 
concerts of prayer, where two or three will agree regular- 
ly to meet and pray for this object. 

7. Fully believing in the power of the press and realiz- 
ing the growing importance of the use of proper litera- 
ture, both as to papers and tracts, we therefore most 
heartily approve and endorse the free distribution of the 
same to every home possible; and we especially commend 
the Christian Cynosure as the efficient and able organ of 
the movement and gratefully recognize its influence in 
the enlargement and spread of our reform; and we do re- 
joice to see the influence of the paper in the remarkable 
movements among the colored churches of the South, and 
we believe it the duty of Christians throughout the State 
to aid in continuing the circulation of the paper among 
the colored pastors to the utmost extent. 

8. The sincerest thanks of this convention are given 
to Bro. I. R. B. Arnold and his family for the use of their 
commodious tent and assistance in making our evening 
sessions more interesting. Our than'ts are also heartily 
given to the friends of the reform in Belvidere who have 
hospitably opened their homes for our entertainment. 

9. Resolved, That we tender to Elder J. L. Barlow,our 
former president, who has removed to Iowa, an express- 
ion of our sorrow and sympathy with him in the recent 
loss of his beloved wife, and we pray that the Divine 
Comforter may bring to him that heavenly consolation 
which only God can give. 

10. Resolved, That we enter our protest agamst the 
growing Sunday desecration by the Government Mail ser 

September 29, 188T 


vice and by railroad corporations, as well as by secret so- 
cieties in their Sunday street parades and excursion 


It is often with fear and trembling that we enter 
upon the work of a new year. Sometimes our ef- 
forts, looking at them from our standpoint, seem 
productive of little good, but the All-seeing eye has 
seen the seed dropped even in stony places, or per- 
haps on the rocks, and we comfort ourselves with 
the thought that in heaven we are rewarded for 
what we tried to do. We are not working for the 
plaudits of men. 

At the beginning of this year, 188G-7, we felt 
greatly encouraged in the prospect of having as 
State agent, Bro. I. R. B. Arnold. He was engaged 
and began his work at once. In the strength of the 
Lord and in his own judicious way, he was exceed- 
ingly blest and prospered in his work. He won the 
hearts of the people with his historic views; and in 
his reasonable and calm way, with illustrations he 
clearly proved the ancient origin of Freemasonry and 
traced it back to the sun and idol worship. Of Bro. 
Arnold's marked success you will learn by his report. 

Near the beginning of the year, Bro. Barlow, our 
state President, expressed his great anxiety to have 
this State a banner State for organization. He 
wanted our State Convention to be a representative 
body. It was found the constitution would have to 
be changed, and the committee was instructed to 
report upon it in a year. H. L. Kellogg was ap- 
pointed by the committee to prepare the changes of 
constitution which is submitted with this report. 

The sub'ect was frequently discussed of sending 
out another agent to follow Bro. Arnold, and secure 
Vynoiure subscriptions and organize wherever prac- 
ticable. Only a lack of funds prevented this being 
done. Would not some action taken by the State 
Convention, regarding a financial plan for the com- 
ing year, assist the Executive Committee very ma- 

The Secretary was appointed to correspond with 
the colleges, medical institutions and theological 
seminaries of the State, which was done, inclosing a 
circular and recommendations of Bro. Arnold's 
work, asking them the privilege of allowing him to 
come to their schools, in connection with a lecture 
course, or otherwise. Although written to early in 
the season, only two or three favorable answers were 
received in response to the twenty-five written letters 
sent, oaaost of these saying their programmes were 
full for the season; but their answers were very 
courteous. Bro. Arnold agreed to secure subscrip- 
tions for the Cynosure, also to distribute our tracts. 

With gratitude in our hearts we again recognize 
the Master's hand in sending into our State work 
Bro. W. B. Stoddard for a month, and Bro. C. A. 
Conrad for a couple of months. Their reports show 
with what earnestness they went forth, and the good 
work accomplished. 

Many prayers have been offered and many efforts 
put forth which have availed little, but we are not 
discouraged. Well do we know that much valuable 
sentiment has been created in our favor, the Masons 
themselves being judges. With a hope and a prayer 
that the next committee may do more and better 
work, we respectfully submit this brief report. 

Mrs. M. L. Stratton, Sec'y. 


A momentous election. — Knoxville crowdn to Iiear Price 
and Bain. — Athena and its schools. 

Athens, Tenn., Sept 16, 1887. 

Dear Cynosure: — Abraham Lincoln's adage, 
that "it is not worth while to swap horses when 
crossing a river," seems applicable to Tennessee. 
She is in the throes of a great moral revolution. No 
one can predict the result, but nearly all feel that 
great interests are at stake. 

I reached Knoxville Monday, the 12th, at 1:25 \\ 
M., and found all our friends absorbed in the amend- 
ment. Prof. J. C. Price, the distinguished colored 
orator of Livingston College, Salisbury, North Car- 
olina, had addressed a crowded audience at the Opera 
House on Sunday night. A colored preacher of 
considerable ability, by the name of Bryant, was 
also speaking against the amendment, and the Hon. 
(?) Mr. Butler of the northeast district was in town 
seeking to repel the imputation of bribery, which, in 
spite of all his efforts, seems to stick to him. 

On Monday night I listened to an open-air ad- 
dress from Prof. Price. He had, it was estimated, 
5,000 auditors, of whom, perhaps, one-third were 
colored. There was good order and excellent atten- 
tion, and all were held spell-bound by his eloquence. 
The. address was especially to the colored people, 
bat was applicable to all. It was replete with Mid 

argument, telling illustrations and touching appeals. 

On Tuesday night Col. Bain of Kentucky ad- 
dressed an even larger audience at the same place. 
Mr. Bain is called the "silver-tongued," and well 
deserves it, for he is an orator of high rank, but he 
lacks the fascination of Prof. Price. It was in some 
respects, however, the abler address, and was es- 
pecially rich in the presentation of authorities. On 
the same night from 2,000 to 3,000 people were ad- 
dressed by the colored preacher Bryant, in an open- 
air meeting. It is believed that Kast Tennessee, 
with the exception of Chattanooga, will give a ma- 
jority for the amendment. 

Wednesday I came to this place, the county seat 
of McMinn county. It has a population of about 
1200. Like most of the towns in Kast Tennessee 
it has had a long period of stagnation. Now, there 
is a promise of railroads and iron furnaces that 
will, it is hoped, bring prosperity. I visited to-day 
the colored school in a long, rickety room, with more 
than 100 pupils under the care of a young man. 
Prof, llichards, late a clerk in the government serv- 
ice at Washington, with a salary of $1200 per year. 
Now he gets $35 per month. He is a young man 
of excellent promise. 

Among the many institutions of learning in East 
Tennessee is Grant Memorial University. It was 
chartered in 1867 as East Tennessee Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, and last year its name was changed. It has 
collegiate, theological, and legal departments. Last 
year's catalogue contains the names of 303 students, 
with 100 in the college classes and twenty in the 
graduating class. I attended the chapel exercises 
and some of the recitations, and was much pleased 
with the young ladies and gentlemen that compose 
the classes. The institution is under the auspices 
of the M. E. church. Its president cheerfully ac- 
cepted the anti-secrecy literature that I gave him. 
He had paid but little attention to the subject, is a 
prominent Mason, but favors free discussion. There 
is a Masonic temple here which in a great measure 
overshadows the churches. The colored people have 
about their usual quota of secret societies. I have 
arranged to lecture to-night on prohibition in the A.M. 
E. Zion church, and preach twice for them on the Sab- 
bath. I then expect togotoKome,Ga.,andthenSouth. 

H. H. HiNMAN. 


King Cotton — Prohibition notes from Tennessee — Also 
in Georgia — Atlanta may yet have time to repent of the 
Glenn Bill. 

Dear Cynosure: — I cannot say that "I've reached 
the land of corn and wine," for I am not sure that 
"Beulah Land" is in Georgia; but I am quite sure 
that I've reached the land of corn and cotton. I 
left Athens, Tennessee, on the morning of the 19 th 
inst, and we had gotten but little way from Chat 
tanooga before we struck the cotton fields which are 
an almost continuous succession to this place. The 
crop is about average, has suffered somewhat from 
drought, and is being picked earlier than usual. 
Large quantities are coming into the market, and 
there is a constant roar of the steam cotton com- 
press which flattens the bales for foreign shipment 

I lectured on prohibition in the A. M. K. church 
at Athens, Tennessee, on Friday, the 17th. On Sat- 
urday the 18th I went with the editor of the Athe- 
nian to Riceville, seven miles, where we each spoke 
in the evening, and returned to Athens next morn- 
ing. This paper, which is Republican and prohibi- 
tion, is the best of all the rural papers I have seen 
in Tennessee. Its editor, Prof. McCaron, is a hard- 
working, cultured. Christian gentleman, formerly 
from Iowa. Like other ambitious men he has seen 
the inside of the lodge, but has neither time nor in- 
clination to attend to its follies. We had a good 
meeting at Riceville, where they had just concluded 
a joint debate on the pending qaestion, and we got 
back in time for sevice. 

At 11 A. M. I preached in the A. M. E. Zion church 
to a good congregation. At 3:30 p. m. 1 listened to 
a most able discourse in the same place from Pres. 
Bachman of Sweetwater College, who is the acting 
pastor of the (white) Presbyterian church of Athens. 
He was an officer in the Confe<ierate service, educat- 
ed at Hamilton College, New York, after the war, 
and has been for some years the president of this 
college. He is an able preacher, labors for and fa- 
vors the education of the colored, people, but thinks 
mixed schools are impolitic. He expresseii his 
hearty sympathy with the work in which I am en- 
gaged, and thought secret societies a great obstacle 
to the cause of Christianity. 

At 7:30 I had a full house in the same church, 
and lectured on Africa and its missions. The col- 
ored people in Tennessee are divided on the ques- 
tion of the amendment The more intelligent heart- 
ily approve of it, but the ignorant are led to think 

that it is a plan to break up the Republican party. 
They think it a part of the St John movement, and 
that it is responsible for the defeat of Mr. Blaine. 
Some acknowledged their mistake and promise*! to 
support the amendment The Chattanooga Times, 
the ablest of the anti-prohibition organs, seems to 
weaken, and is apologetic instead of aggressive as 
at first Col. Bain has done some excellent work 
in that city. 

Here-4n Rome, where local option was carried by 
a mighty effort, there is a deep interest felt in the 
election in Tennessee. Some of the saloons, which 
were remarkably numerous last spring, have disap- 
peared. Enough remain, but they will gradually 
drop out as their licenses expire. The colored pas- 
tors all worked hard for prohibition. 

Much interest is now felt in the approaching con- 
test in Atlanta, which will again have to vote on 
local option. The law provides for a vote once in 
two years. Rev. Dr. Ganes, the distinguished col- 
ored preacher of that city who did so much to se- 
cure prohibition, is now here. He feels fearful of 
the result, and mainly because the promises made 
to the colored people have not been kept, and the 
extreme friendliness has been followed by marked 
discourtesies. "The Glenn Bill" and the newspaper 
discussion it has provoked has greatly increased the 
spirit of race antagonism, which so greatly hinders 
the progress of all that is good. 

Our meetings here last spring had an excellent 
effect The colored ministers have been much 
pleased with the Cynosure, and feel much interest in 
our movement Rev. Dr. Watson of Cave Springs, 
and Dr. Ganes of Atlanta, both Masons, expressed 
a warm interest in my work. They are now all hold- 
ing protracted meetings. I heard Dr. Ganes Tues- 
day night in the A. M. K. church, and was greatly 
interested. Last night I lectured to a small audi- 
ence in the same place, and to-day go to Cave 
Springs, Georgia. May the Lord help. 

H. H. HiNMAN. 


Rome, Ga., Sept 19, 1887. 
Dear Cynosure: — The following proceedings of 
the seventeenth session of the Associatetl Churches 
of Christ of Mississippi was sent to me at Chicago, 
followed me to Georgia, and at this late day are 
sent for publication. H. H. Hinman. 

The Associated Churches convened at Cedar 
Grove, Loundis Co., Miss., on the last Friday in 
July. There was a full attendance, much interest, 
and some excellent speeches. The Divine presence 
was in a good degree manifested. Much interest 
was expressed in the proceedings of the Congress of 
Churches held in Chicago last spring. The best 
means of opposing secret societies were considered. 
Some spoke from sad experience of the injury they 
had sustained in the loss of money, time, etc., by 
their connection with the lodge. Other obstructions 
to the kingdom of Christ were considered, — such as 
want of brotherly love amongst the members of dif- 
ferent sects; an evil that this Association w.<i3 well 
calculated to remove. It was beheveii that we are 
not only taking the stumbling-blocks out of the way, 
but are casting up a highway for the coming of the 
Divine kingdom. Others spoke of the duties of 
parents, how to keep their children out of prison 
and chain gangs, and also what could be done to 
mitigate the sufferings of such as were treated with 

The following resolutions were adoptetl: 

WiiKHKAs.It has pleased Almighty God to remove from 
our convention (some two and a half years since) our 
first secretary. .leptha M. Feemster, who so faithfully 
served us in his otlice for several sessions, and who.when 
our existence was threatened, had the courage and skill 
to avert the danger; and ^ , . . ... 

Wheukas, After his removal to another field he aid 
not cease to labor, pray and contribute to our sucoeM; 

Resolvfd. That we as a convention express our high 
appreciation of his character and his work, and while wb 
humbly ask for grace to say. "Thy will bo done." we 
also pray that other laborers may be raised up of like 
zeal and cftlciency. 

Besotted. That we also tender our thanks to our pres- 
ent secrewry, M A. Tapley, (who is unavoidably absent) 
who has for nine sessions been faithful in the same of- 

Resolved. That in this.the seventh year of our conven- 
tion, we ihank God and take courage, praying him to make 
it a .Jubilee to us by freeing us from all thai obslrucUthe 
kingdom of God in our hearts and by eftablishing the 
work of our hands. I. D- FsKMeTRn. 

8»e'j/ pro tern. 

In one division of Liverpool there is a population 
of over 60.(100, but not a single saloon. In all the 
building leases the sale of liquor is alwwlutely pro- 



September 29, 1887 



The Scenery of the Bavarian EigJilanda — Notes of a trazy 
king and rash young men — Tyrolean Costumes and 
filth — Companions afoot — Innsbruck inconveniences — 
Priest craft and business — An Alpine experience. 

"The Hermit" on Walchen See. ] 
Bavarian Highlands, July 29th, 1887. f 

I have been out of Munich since last Tuesday. 
Walchen See is a lake somewhat larger than our 
Devil's Lake [Wis.] and in some respects like it. 
The mountains around are really mountains, instead 
of hills, but are not nearly so wild-looking as those 
around Devil's Lake. We were the first two days 
at "The Hunter's" hotel in Urfield on this same 
lake, but there were too many people there. The 
view from Urfield is & beautiful one and I must 
bring a sketch home, though it is not easy to find 
a place for sketching in a hotel full of people who 
all want to look on. Urfield is only three houses 
and two hotels, and the buildings fill all the space 
between the foot of the mountains and the lake so 
that there is hardly room for any tramps like us 
with our sketching materials. Across the lake from 
there are six ranges of mountains to be seen, one 
beyond the other. The further range is almost en- 
tirely a very light colored stone and looks in the dis- 
tance precisely like snow. 

Here we are really in a kind of a hermitage where 
only a few people live, but many travelers stop for 
dinner and occasionally over night. On a moun- 
tain near, the "Heryogstand," is one of the last 
king's many palaces, through which he helped make 
Bavaria bankrupt. The view is said to be very fine 
from the mountain top and we intend to go up there 
on the first day when it is not too warm. 

Did you read about the six tourists who tried to 
ascend the "Jungfrau" Alp in Switzerland without a 
guide and were all blown over a precipice in a sud- 
den snow storm that came up unexpectedly? Munich 
was very much excited over it. There has been an- 
other similar accident since where several lives were 
lost; but the young men still continue to go upon 
the glaciers and mountains where it is dangerous 
without guides. 

MiTTENWALD, Bavarian Highlands. 
We have made quite a long trip on foot, from 
Walchen See here through a beatiful part of the 
country. The road is perfectly level and hard as a 
floor, but on all sides of us are high mountains of 
stone and almost entirely bare. We are to-day ex- 
actly opposite the highest of the mountains, Mt. 
Rarwendel. It has a beautiful shape and color and 
in the foreground are old houses and an old bridge. 
I am only sorry that I shall have no time to make a 
sketch of it. We have engaged a room in Gossen- 
sass in the Tyrol for next Saturday, and unless we 
go early to-morrow morning we will not get so far 
on foot. From here we have nine hours to walk to 
Yierl, where we come first in the Tyrol; from there 
two hours to Innsbruck, where we take the train to 
Oetythal. From there we will go again four days 
through the Oety valley on foot to Grossensass. 

In the Oety valley are said to be many of the Ty- 
rolese costumes and customs, which are generally 
nearly or quite laid aside in other places. I have 
yet seen nothing very interesting in the way of dress 
except the hunter's suit that we often meet The 
women wear just such clothes as our German wash- 
erwomen at home do, with only the addition of a 
silk handkerchief over the shoulders,and on Sundays 
a peculiar felt hat with silver braid and tassels. The 
men wear hats of the same shape but always dark 
green and with a bouquet of bright colored flowers 
on the side. 

We had bad weather nearly all the time in Wal- 
chen See and I only had a chance to make four 
sketches. The old houses that are so picturesque 
for sketching are generally too filthy inside to be en- 
dured, and every one has an indescribable heap be- 
fore it, nicely squared off and surrounded by a pool 
of water. The further away we keep the better. 

GossENSAss, Tyrol. 

Since I wrote last from Mittenwald we have made 
a long trip on foot and a short one by rail. From 
Mittenwald in the Bavarian Alps we walked to Yierl 
on the boundary of Austria, fifteen or sixteen miles, 
I think, and the last three miles on a perpetual in- 
clined plane with no break at all in the descent but 
only a sort of zigzag in another direction. It had 
not rained for some time and the white lime dust 
from the road covered us from head to foot until we 
looked like a pair of female millers. 

About half way we were joined by another party 
on foot — a German minister and his wife and daugh- 
ter. The "Frau^Minister" was rather weighty and withal to array ourselves 

out of breath with the descent and had given all her 
extra clothing to her husband who promenaded 
down the mountain with her ulster attached conven- 
iently behind and looking like an "old clothes" man. 
We went together through Yierl, where the hotels 
looked very unattractive, and where every house had 
the unnameable heap before the door, to a hotel at 
the foot of a mountain a mile further on. We were 
met at the door with the statement that every room 
was full and we must go back to the village; but 
after considerable coaxing from Miss B. we were 
allowed to have the use of the great dining saloon 
for the night while the poor minister and his wife 
went sadly back to town. The scenery between 
Yierl and Mittenwald is very beautiful. It is like a 
great panorama rather than a single picture. 

The next day we went by rail to Innsbruck — a 
city which is beautiful in its location and buildings, 
but in which nothing I can imagine would compel 
me to live. At the end of the principal street one 
sees mountains covered much of the time with snow, 
but at the same time the city is burning hot and 
dusty. When the south wind blows — often in win- 
ter, too — the heat and dust become unendurable. 
Every window and door must be closed tightly and 
no one attempts going to his business. We were so 
nearly suff'ocated that we did not at all enjoy the 
sights, except in one great church where it had not 
yet become quite an oven. In this church were 
twenty-eight bronze statues, more than life size, of 
various celebrated personages, mostly kings and 
queens, among them King Arthur of England. They 
were arranged in a double row through the center 
passage and gave the church a solemn and rather 
fantistical appearance. The whole collection was 
from the hands of the great German artist in bronze, 
Peter Fischer. 

From Innsbruck we went by rail a short distance 
to Oetythal and again were given the dining sa- 
loon as a chamber, an arrangement which suits us 
both very well because we are sure of fresh beds. 

From Oetythal we went on foot through the Oety 
valley to Ober Gurgle, the highest inhabited land in 
the Tyrol, and the headquarters of tourists and 
guides who are bound for the glaciers and highest 
mountains around. They say that for thirty years 
between 1882 and 1852 no marriage was allowed 
there on account of the scarcity of food. It is so 
cold that no potatoes, grain or fruit will ripen. Ex- 
cept a few garden vegetables and milk all food must 
be brought over the mountains upon women's shoul- 
ders, as we saw it done. The priest is also the hotel 
keeper and makes it profitable. The rooms are bare 
boards with one chair and a washstand and two or 
three beds each — but the prices are first-class. A 
gentleman who spent several weeks there says thiit 
this priest preaches every Sunday in the year the 
same sermon, the substance of which is this: "My 
beloved hearersi!! What is the best prayer? Our 
Father in heaven. What is the best book? The 
Bible." And so further — all very true but not par- 
ticularly edifying. We two did not think it would 
benefit us to hear the old fraud preach. 

We went Saturday to the edge of a glacier (the 
Gaisberg), but a thick fog came on so that we did 
not dare venture on it, but bought from a boy, who 
had been and was returning, some Edelweiss and 
pyrites which were from there. By the way, every 
child in the Oety valley begs, and half the grown 
people. Some of them make themselves very disa- 
greeable if refused. 

From the Oety valley we were obliged to cross 
over the mountains with a guide in order to reach 
Gossensass or any other railway station. We came 
over a high mountain called the Timbler Joch and 
over the Snow Mountain. Timbler Joch is 8,440 
feet high and Snow Mountain 7,950 feet. We 
started with a clear sky, but half way up the mount- 
ain came fog, then rain, and when we came into the 
snow part it thundered and lightened, hailed and 
blew a hurricane. It was so cold too that we could 
not stop t» rest or eat. Without a guide 1 can im- 
agine that we would not have come through safely. 
As it was we were drenched through and nearly 
frozen and had to go to bed in the first tavern at 
three in the afternoon, after climbing six hours 
without a single pause. Our dresses were in a fine 
condition though we both had waterproofs and 
jackets; and our hats! — mine had acluster of poppies 
for trimming with^ white lace. The last hour of our 
trip I had a stream of fiery red dye dripping over 
my face and a second over my shoulders. The hat 
is now a lovely pink. Miss E.'s was trimmed with 
black lace and yellow flowers and presents now a 
most entertaining appearance, something like a tat- 
tooed Indian. To finish off the pleasures of mount- 
ain climbing we found that our beds had other oc- 
cupants enough to make us nearly wild and we 
could not get up because we had nothing where- 

I remember hearing it 

mentioned that the Tyrol "abounds in fleas" taut it 
makes a stronger impression when one makes so 
near an acquaintance. 

I have made one sketch of a peasant family room 
and am making another in a house said by the vil- 
lage priest to be 2,000 years old. The other author- 
ities put it 800 or 900 years. The house was owned 
by a princely family in the ages gone by and is very 
quaint and curious. Its present occupants are a 
pair of old women who speak such barbarous Ger- 
man that Miss E. herself can scarcely understand 
them. They invited us to spend the night, but we 
declined with thanks. r. 

Bible Lesson. 

LESSON II.— Oct. 9. The Tempest StlUed . — Matt. 8: 18-37. 
GOLDEN TEXT.— Why are ye fearful, O je of little faith 1— 
Matt. 8:26. 

[Open the Bible and read the lesson.] 
1. What is a true following of Christ. vs.lS 
-22. The scribes belonged to the privileged caste. They 
sat in Moses' seat. The people looked up to them as in- 
fallible guides. Under these circumstances we see in 
our Saviour's reply a sharp probe. Was his devotion a 
mere passing flame? he who was now proposing to fol- 
low one practically an outcast, who was poorer even than 
beast or bird, not having where to lay his head. If so it 
would flicker and go out at the first breath of the world's 
scorn. If it was a real love to Christ and his cause, all 
the world's obloquy and reproach would only fan it to a 
whiter heat. Another asks that he may first fulfill the 
last duties to his aged father before he takes up the call- 
ing of a disciple. The answer is an implicit command , 
"Follow me." Yet we are not to suppose that our Lord, 
whose last human thought on the cross was about his 
mother, would speak lightly of the most sacred of earth- 
ly ties. We are not sure that the excuse was entirely an 
honest one, that there was in it no spirit of evasion, no 
clinging to the world while flattering himself that he was 
only doing a duty. His first duty plainly was to perform 
Christ's bidding;. The "oughts" of life never clash. 

2. Peril in following Christ, vs. 23-27. The disciples 
were in the way of obedience when the storm met them. 
The way of duty is sometimes a very perilous one, but 
whether it be smooth or rough, peaceful or full of dan- 
gers, should be with us no matter for concern. The bil- 
lows covered the ship. So there are times when the 
Christian can say with David, "All thy waves and thy bil- 
lows are gone over me. "And worst of all the Divine Help- 
er often seems to be sleeping. The Church passed through 
a terrible tempest at the time of the Reformation, but 
only by passing through it could she reach the calm wa- 
ters of religious freedom. Luther preached his doctrine 
of justification by faith because he knew it was God's 
truth for which souls were starving. He preached it too 
with full knowledge of what it would entail — a storm 
that would shake the papacy to its foundations and con- 
vulse all Europe. Yet with our free institutions and 
open Bible who among us is not thankful that he obeyed 
the call of God and let the storm of papal fury do its 
worst. But at the present day a pastor who preaches 
against the false religion of Masonry, a religion which 
has much in common with popery only that it goes a 
step farther and denies Christ and his work altogether, is 
stigmatized as a disturber of Zion, and so many who are 
convinced of the evil it is doing are afraid of the storm a 
public discussion of it in the pulpit would raise, and are 
silent to the detriment of their own spiritual power and 
the destruction of souls they are set to watch over. For 
a similar reason some are afraid to boldly preach prohi- 
bition doctrines, yet to be fearful is of itself a proof of 
little faith. What right had the disciples to be fearful 
while Christ was with them? No matter how fiercely the 
billows of worldly opposition may dash around us, in 
heaven if not on earth we shall come into the place of 
still waters; while so far as spiritual peace is concerned 
the Christian's soul should be like the calm center at the 
heart of a whirlwind. The disciples marveled, another 
proof of little faith. Why are we surprised at answers 
to our prayers, surprised when God keeps his word with 
us, surprised when he interposes to deliver us? Let us 
have at least as much faith as the Roman centurion and 
believe that the Ruler of earth and heaven can command 
all natural and spiritual forces and they will obey Lim. 
From Peloubet's Notes. 

"And Jesus saith unto him." He would never seek 
to obtain disciples by hiding the truth. He would have 
him "count the cost," go forward with open eyes that hi 
choice might be sincere and from the heart. The scrib 
was welcome and more than welcome if he came truly t 

Sbptembkr 29, 1887 


the Lord as his master and teacher. — P. 

"Hath not where to lay his head." Has 
no settled home, no earthly property. 
Some one always, doubtless, gave him a 
place to lodge, but he owned none by 
earthly tenure. The Son of Qod.the King 
of kings, the Creator of all things, volun- 
tarily gave up all in order that he might 
thus best save men. 

We do not know whether the scribe ac- 
cepted Jesus as his teacher when he 
learned what his act meant, or whether 
he turned away sorrowfully. — P. Many 
a man begins a religious life full of 
warmth and zeal and by and by loses all 
his first love and turns back again to the 
world. He liked the new uniform and 
the bounty money and the name of a 
Christian soldier, but he never considered 
the watching and warring and wounds 
and conflicts which Christian soldiers 
must endure. — Byle. 

"And let the dead bury their dead." 
Let the higher duties^ take precedence 
over the lower. He should not spend 
time in useless mourning, as the worldly 
do ; but the best cure of his sorrow was 
earnest work for the Master. — P. It does 
not follow that we are to neglect what 
are called secular duties for those that are 
termed religious. Nevertheless life pre- 
sents many occasions in which duty to 
the living is supreme over respect for the 
dead. — Abbott. 

Teachings. — (l)That no office of love 
and service to man must be preferred be- 
fore our duty to God, unto whom we owe 
our first obedience. (2) That lawful and 
decent offices become sinful when they 
hinder greater duties. (3) That such as 
are called to the work and employment 
of the ministry must mind that alone, and 
leave inferior duties to inferior persons. 
— Burkitt. 

The Trial of Faith. — He lets the 
storm rage on unrebuked until he has re- 
buked the agitation of their souls. And 
now they perceive that a most precious 
opportunity of signalizing their faith in 
Christ had been given and given in vain. 
The elements had been let loose that their 
faith might gain a victory and go on to 
perfection. The progress of ordinary 
months might have been made in an hour 
had they been watchful. When will they 
understand that this matter of the educa- 
tion of faith is the most important thing 
going on under the sun? — Reo. Geo, 


Maktha Qunn Walkkk, wife of Rev. 
C. E. Walker .pastor of the United Breth- 
ren church of Grey Eagle, Minn., died at 
her home, Monday, September 12th,1887, 
after a few days' severe illness from ty- 
phoid fever. Mrs. Walker was at the 
time of her death somewhat more than 
31 years and 8 months old. She was 
converted 'o Christ in Indiana early in 
the year 1884 and united with the Unit- 
ed Brethren church of Twin Brooks, Da- 
kota, in December of the same year. In 
February, 1886, she was married, and 
leaves in the arms of her stricken hus- 
band a little son nine months old. Delir- 
ium locked her senses during most of her 
sickness, but among her last intelligent 
words was the name of her precious Sav- 
iour, on whom her soul was leaning for 
help and victory in the last struggle with 
death. She was a woman of sweet spirit, 
a loving wife and a careful, thoughtful 
mother. Rev. Peter Scott officiated at 
the funeral services, and voiced the sym- 
pathy of many friends to the bereaved 



Man Traps of the City. 


Motberi— place tbli book In the bandi of yoar lona 
It treat! of 

The Tiger and HU D«n. 

Oups of FlAuie. 

Th« Scarlet Sin. 

The UevH's Printing Preas. 

Kto., Etc., Kto., Ktc. 

A book that U Beneatlonal. not from excited rhe- 
toric or tlorld flKureB of spiiooh, but from thu fiict» 
that How like niollfd lovn from the pen of the wrltor 
It Is ft book of llniKly warnlnK«, whore nln timl crime 
are shorn of their mn»k, rohlicd of the K'ftmour with 
wblch they luivo been piirrouiulcd by the prurient 
literature of the day, and pulnted In HtroiiK. true col- 
ors. The life of the nrolUnate U here shown In Its 
true llKht, not as a life tlmt, IhouKh wicked, has Its 
delights, but 89 a thlngof death, now and In future 
life to be Bbuorred.— WK8TBBII Cubibtian Advo 


Prioe. pontpald. Cloth hound, 78 oenti. 
Paper bound, 80 ceuta. 

AddreiB, W. I. PUILLIFB. _ 

231 W. M»<ll«oi> St.. CJJicago. 

The American Party. 

First Nomination for President at Oberlln, 
Ohio; May 23, ISTi. 

Platform Adoi'ted at Cblcaeo, June 28. 

Namb Adovtxd at Syracuse, N. T., June 3, 


1872— Charles Francis Adams and Joseph L. 

lS7ft— James B. Walker and Donald Kirkpatr 

1880— J. W. Phelps and Samuel C. Pomeroy. 

18S4 — J . Blaucbard and J. A . Conant nomi- 
nated; the former withdrawing, Samuel C. 
Pomeroy was nominated. Both nominees with- 
drawing, the support of the party was generally 
given to John P. 8t John and William Daniel, 
candidates of the Prohibition narty. 


District of Columbia, E. D. Bailey; Ala- 
bama, Jesse Ward ; Arkansas, Charles Paget ; 
Connecticut, Phillip Bacon; Dakota, A. F. 
Dempsey; Florida, J. F. Galloway; Illinois, H. 
N. Stratton; Indiana, Israel Hess; Iowa, J. N. 
Norris; Kansas, H. Curtis; Maine, J. 8. Rice; 
Massachusetts, 8 A. Pratt; Michigan, H. A. 
Day; Minnesota, E. J. Payne; Mississippi, E. 
Tapley; Nebraska, E. B. Graham; New York, 
F. W. Capwell; New Jersey, Robert Arm- 
strong ; New Hampshire, S. C. Kimball ; Ohio, 
J. MT Scott; Pennsylvania, N. Callender; 
Rhode Island, A. M, Paull; Tennessee, R. N. 
Countee ; Vermont, P. F. French ; Wisconsin, 
M. R. Britten. 



1. That ours is a Christian and not a heathen 
nation, and that the God of the Christian Scrip- 
tures is the author of civil government. 

2. That the Bible should be associated with 
books of science and literature in all our edu- 
cational institutions. 

3. That God requires, and man needs a Sab- 

4. We demand the prohibition of the impor 
tation, manufacture, and sale of intoxicating 

5. We hold that the charters of all secret 
lodges granted by our Federal and State Legis- 
latures should be withdrawn, and their oaths 
prohibited by law. 

6. We are opposed to putting prison labor or 
depreciated contract labor from foreign coun- 
tries in competition with free labor to benefit 
manufacturers, corporations or speculators. 

7. We are in favor of a revision and enforce- 
ment of the laws concerning patents and inven- 
tions; for the prevention and punishment o* 
frauds either upon ioventors or the general 

8. We hold to and will vote for woman suf- 

9. That the civil equality secured to all 
American citizens by Articles 13, 14 and 15 of 
our amended National Constitution should be 
preserved Inviolate, and the same equality 
should be extended to Indians and Chinamen. 

10. That international differences should be 
settled by arbitration. 

11. That land and other monopoUes should 
be discouraged. 

12. That Uie general government should f ur- 
pJsb th« p«t)pA« w'i,\i «n iMiiBi* VrW waad •oj^- 

13. That It should be the settled policy of the 
government to reduce tariffs and taxes as rap- 
idly as the necessities of revenue and vested 
business interests will allow. 

14. That polygamy should be immediately 
suppressed by law, and that the Republican 
party is censurable for the long neglect of its 
duty in respect to this evil. 

15. And, finally, we demand for the Ameri- 
can peoolc the abolition of electoral colleges, 
and a direct vote for President and Vice Presi 
■lent of *^' nnit/>■^ StAtes. 



The character of this valuable pamphlet Is 
seen from its chapter headings : I.— Masonic 
Attempts on the Lives of Seceders. II.— Ma- 
sonic Slander. III.— Masonic Assault on Free 
Speech. IV.— Freemasonry Among the Col- 
ored People, v.— Masonic Interference with 
the Punlsument of Criminals. VI.— The Fruits 
of the Masonic Institution as seen In the Con- 
spiracies and Outrages of Other Secret Orders. 
Vll.— The Relation of the Secret Lodge Sys- 
tem to the Foregoing and Similar Outrages. 


National Chrietian Association. 



I'UNt Miisior of lirj'stoue Lotl^r^ 

No. 0:i», <'liiraeo. 

lUnxtrateA every siim, grip nii.l cpr<»inrinj of the 
I. odKe anil sivex n brief explniiiii ion of each. This 
w.rik ."houm be aoaltiri'd lil»>i leaves ull oi«r the 
'imiitry. It K xo .-he,<p thai It oau be iiwd tm 
'nul->. aud mouey thux •'Xpeuiled will briuit a Ixiun- 
Mfu) hnrvem. Si putiuit. Pilov. postpaid, 6 oenta. 
I'er lUi'. ViM. Address. 

National Christian Association, 

HSl WaataiMliMB St., ClU«ii«i>. Uli 


Gbnkbal AesNT akd Lbctubbb, J. P. 
Stoddard, 221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

H. H. Hmman, Cynosure office. 
Agent for Southern States. 
Statb AeBHTB. 

Iowa, C. P. Hawley, Wayne, Henry 
Co. Care Rev. Geo. Fry. 

Missouri, Eld. Rufus Smith, Maryville. 

New Hampshire, Kid. S. C. Kimball, 
New Market. 

Ohio, W. B. Stoddard, Columbus. 

Kansas, Robert Loggan. Clifton. 

Alabama, Rev. G. M. Elliott, Selma. 

Degrbb Wobksbs. — [Secedera.l 
J. K. Glassford, Carthage, Mo. 


C. A. Blanchard, Wheaton, HI. 
N. Callender, Thompson, Pa. 

J , H. Tlmmons, Tarentum, Pa 

T. B. McConnlck, Princeton, Ind. 

E. Johnson, Dayton, Ind. 

H. A. Day, Wllliamstown, Mich. 

J. M. Bishop, Chambersburg, Pa. 

A. Mayn, Bloomington, Ind. 

J. B. Cressinger, Sullivan, O. 

W. M. Love, Osceola, Mo. 

J. L. Barlow, Grundy Center, Iowa. 

A. D.Freeman, Downers Grove, 111 

Wm. FentoD . St Paul, Minn. 

E. I. Grlnneli, Blalrsburg, Iowa. 

Warren Taylor, South Salem, O. 

J. 8. Perry, Thompson, Conn. 

J. T. Michael, New Wilmington, Pa. 

8. G. Barton, Breckinridge, Mo. 

E. Bametson. Haskinvllle, Steuben Co,'N. Y 

Wm. R. Roach, Pickering, Ont. 

D. A. Richards, Brighton, Mich. 


The following denominations are com- 
mitted by vote of their legislative assem- 
blies or by constitution to a separation 
from secret lodge worship: 

Adventists (Seventh-day.) 

Baptists — Primitive, Seventh-day and 

Brethren (Dunkers or German Bap- 
tists.) » 

Christian Reformed Church. 

Church of God Northern Indiana El- 

Congregational — The State Associations 
of Illinois and Iowa have adopted resolu- 
tions against the lodge. 

Disciples (in part.) 


Lutherans — Norwegian, Danisk. S «/?•»!• 
ish and Synodical Conferences. 


Methodists — Free and Wesleyan. 

Methodist Protestant (Minnesota Con 


Plymouth Brethren. 

Presbyterian — Associate, Reforme<l and 

Reformed Church (Holland Brsnch-) 

United Brethren in Christ. 

Individual churches in some of these 
denominations should be excepted, in part 
of them even a considerable portion. 

The following lOcal churches have, as a 
pledge to disfeUowshlp and oppose lodge 
worship, given their names to the foUow- 
ing list as 


New Ruhamah Cong. Hamilton, Miss. 

Pleasant Ridge Cong. Sandford Co. Ala. 

New Hope ^lcthodl8t, Lowndes Co., Miss. 

Congroffatlonal, College Springs, Iowa. 

Colk-go Church of ChriiiiL \Mieaton, 111. 

First Ciiiigrogutional, Lolaiid, Mich. 

Sugnr (irove Church, Ore a county, Pa. 

Military Chapel, M. E., Lowndes county, 

Hopewell Missionary Baptist, Lowndes Co., 

Cedar Grove Miss. Baptist, Lowndes Ca, 

Simon's Chapel, M. K., Lowndes Co., Mlat. 

Pleasant Kidge Miss. Baptist, Lowndes Go., 

Brownloe Church, Caledonia, Mlaa. 

Salem Church, Lowndes Co., Miss. 

"Vest Preston Baotlat Chnrch. Wayno Co.,Pa. 


adopting the same principle — 

Baptist churches: N. Abington, P».;Meno- 
monie, Mondovl, Waubeck and Spring Prairie, 
Wis. ; WhoAton, HI. ; Perry, N. Y. ; Soring 
Crock, near Burlington, Iowa; Lima, Ind.; 
Constahlevllle, N. Y. T^e "Gixxl Will .\8»ocl- 
ton" of Mobile, Ala., comprising some twenty- 
flve colored Baiitiet churches; Brldgewater 
Baptist Acsoclfttlon, Pa.; Old Tebo Baptist, 
near Loesvillf, Henry Co., Mo. ; Hoopeston, 111; 
Ksmen, 111.; StrvkersvlUc, N. Y. 

Congregational churches : Ist of Oberlln, O. ; 
Tonlciv, (."o'stAl Lake, I'nlon and Big Wooda, 
111. ; Soleburj-, Ind. ; CongT<>{fatlonal Methodist 
MaplewiKvl. Mass. 

In ' 1 ...? churchen In Lowell, Country- 

mai i8« near Llndenwood, Marengo 

ami 11. : Berca and Camp Nelson, Ky; 

Ustlck, 111 ; L isrkeburg, Kansas; 8Ute Associ- 
ation of Mlnlstfln andOharehM ot ChriitlB 



Presidbht.— H. H. George, D. D., Gen- 
eva College, Pa. 

ViCB-PREBiDBHT — ReT. M. A. Oaolt, 
Blanchard, Iowa. 

Cob. Sbc't and Gbkbral AesHT. — J 
P. Stoddard, 221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

Rbc. Sbc't. ajo) Tbbabubbb. — W. I. 
Phillips, 221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

Dirbctobs. — Alexander Thomson, M» 
R. Britten, John clardner, J. L. Barlow, 
L. N. Stratton, Thos. H. Gault, C. A. 
Blanchard, J. E. Roy, E. R. Worrell, H. 
A. Fischer, W. R. Hench. 

The object of this Association Is: 
"To expose, withstand and remove secret 
societies, Freemasonry in pa;tlcular, and otbef 
anti-Christian novements, in order to save tba 
churches of Cliri6t from being cepraved, to>»- 
deem the admlnlstr* Uon of justice from per- 
version, and our r?p iblican government from 

To carry on this work contributions are 
solicited from every friend of tne reform. 

Form op Beqcbst. — J give and bequeath to 
the National Christian Association, Incorpo- 
rHted aud existing under the laws of the State 

of Illinois, the siun of dollars for the 

purposes of said Association, and for which 
me receipt of Its Treasurer for the time behof 
1)«11 be sufficient discharge. 


Pbbqidbkt. — Rev. J. 8. McCulloch, 
D. D. 
Skcrktabt.— Rev. Lewis Johnson. 


AXABAMA.— Prea., Prof. Pickens; Sot, 9. 
M. Elliott; Treaa., Rev. C. B. Curtis, all of 

Cautobnia.— Pres., L. B. Lathrop, HoUU- 
ter; Cor. Sec, Mrs. U. P. Merrill, Woodland: 
Treas., C. Ruddock, Woodland. 

CoNNBCTicuT.— Pres.. J. A. Conant, WllU. 
mantle; Sec., Geo. Smith, Wlllimantlc; Treas.. 
C. T. Colllna, Whndsor. 

Illinois.— Pres., J. L. Barlow, Wheaton; 
Sec., H. L. Kellogg; Treaa., W. L Phllllpa 
Cynotwr* office. 

iNDiAHA.— Prea.. William H. Flgg, Reno 
Sec, 8. L. Cook, Albion; Treas., BenJ. Ulah 
Sliver Lake. 

Iowa.— Pres., Geo. Warrington, Btrminn 
ham; Cor Sec, C. D. Trumbull. Morning gun; 
Treas., James Harvey, Pleasant Plain, Jeffer- 
son Co. 

Kassas.— Pros.. J. P. Richards, Ft. Scott; 
Sec, W. W. McMillan, Olatho; Treas., J. 
A. Torrence, N. Cedar. 

Massachusbtts.— Prea., 8..A. Pratt; Sec, 
Mrs. B. D. Bailey; Treas., David Mannlng,8r., 

M10HI8AB.— Pre*., D. A. Richards, Brighton ; 
Bec'y, H. A. Day, Wllllamaton; Treaa. 
Geo. Bwanson, Jr., Bedfoiu. 

MiNNMOTA.— Prea., E. G. Paine, Waaloja; 
Cor. Soc.,W. H. McCheeney, Fairmont; Ric 
Bec'v, Thoe. Hartley, Richland; Treaa., Wd. 
H. Morrtll, St. Charles. 

MiaaouKi.— Pre*.. B. F. Miller, EaplevlUe; 
Treas.^Ullam Beauchamp, Avalon ; Cor. 8f c, 
A. D. Tbomaa, Avalon. 

Nbb&abka.— Free., S. Austin, Falrmonit; 
Cor. Sec, W. Bpooner, Xeamey; Treaa., 
J. C. Fye. 

Niw Hampshirb.— Pres., Isaac Hyatt, GU 
fonl Village; Sec, 8. C. Kimball, New Market - 
Treas., James F. French, Canterbury. 

Niw York.— Prea., F. W. Capwell, Dale; 
Bec'y, John Wallace, Syracuse; Treas., M. 
Merrick, Svracuse. , ^ 

C)Huv— Pres., Rev. R. M. Smith, Pa^etown: 
Rec. Sec. Hev. Coleman, Utica; Cor. sec and 
TreAS., Rev. 8. A. George, Manaflcld; Acent, 
W. B. Stoildard, Columbus. 

P1HN8TLVA.JIIA.— Prea., A. L. Poet, Mob 
trose; Cor. ttec, N. Cullender, Thompeoo) 
Treaa., W.B. Bertela/WUkosbane. 

VBRMOirr —Pre*.. W. R. Laird, St. *ohn»- 
burj; Sec, C W Potter. „ , _ , 

WreooHsis.-Prea., J. W. Wood, Baraboo, 
Bee., W. W. A]aea,MaBOiBonto;TT«M ILSi 



September 29,'1887 

The Christian Cynosure. 





The Cynosure editor has promised to attend the 
New Hampshire State meeting at Manchester, Octo- 
ber 29th, 30th and Slst. Prof. Kimball is full of 
hope; Rev. W. F. Davis is out of Boston jail, and 
will be present; Miss Flagg, the popular and agree- 
able writer, has promised to speak. St. Johnsbury, 
Vt, is some 100 miles from Manchester; will Kev. 
W. R. Laird write us at once whether he and Secre- 
tary Stoddard intend to kold meetings in north Ver- 
mont, so that we can attend them the first week in No- 
vember? Please write to the Cynosure at once. And why 
do we not hear from Solon Burroughs of Yergennes, 


The Religious Telescope for Sept. 21st inst., gives 
its readers the following strange doctrine on "Law 
and Government," by a correspondent who frankly 
preaches what the United Brethren leaders practice. 
He says: "The church cannot be cumbered with 
our rule on secrecy, and have a clear sky and a suc- 
cessful sail." "Our efforts should be to focalize the 
rays of faith in a body of divinity such as the Bible 
produces, and make this church a power in the 
world." "Every church that is progressive must 
adapt itself to a universal equipment of mankind." 

When Paul "waited at Athens," there were in that 
city 30,000 gods, with each his mode of worship; 
and, at least, one altar "to the unknown God." In- 
stead of "focalizing his faith in a body of divinity," 
he met them squarely on their errors, disputed daily 
with such as met him in the market, and told them 
they ought not to think God was like their idols of 
silver and gold; and he preached to them the Sav- 
iour whose name and person they had left out of 
their worship, as do the Masons and other secretists, 
to brother with his enemies. The great majority of 
Americans are now worshiping at altars of unknown 
gods. Every secret altar is such; and to go to 
teaching a "body of divinity" and let these worships 
alone is to depart from the methods of Paul and of 


"The Christian religion goes forth against all the 
combined and concentrated powers of resistance of 
the whole world : the warfare is to be waged against 
every strongly fortified place of error and of sin." — 
Albert Barnes on 2 Cor. 10: 4.. 

In this age, and in the United States, there were 
three such "strongholds" or forts which devils gar- 
risoned, viz., Slavery, Lodge and Liquor. The cruel- 
ties, over- whipping, under-feeding, murders, etc., etc., 
of slavery, which appealed strongest to popular sym- 
pathy, were the least of its evils. The property- 
ownership of men and women, twelve hundred mill- 
ions of dollars invested in human beings, was fatal 
to every principle of morals and religion. The sys- 
tem was inhabited by legions of unclean spirits, and 
was indeed a "stronghold" against every good move- 
ment in church or state. It kept the slaves who 
tilled the soil from schools, prayer meetings, Christ, 
and God. It was indeed a "stronghold," 

But the secret lodge is a stronger hold than slav- 
ery or the saloon. When Satan met Christ, entering 
on his mission to set up his kingdom and overthrow 
Satan's, he proposed that Christ should worship him: 
not purchase slaves, or take a glass of grog with 
him, lie knew these would follow. Every moral 
evil follows devil worship, as seen around the globe. 

Liquor, it is settled, produces ninety per cent, of 
our poverty and crimes. But its chief evil, the 
master-mischief of liquor, is, it keeps men from 
Christ. A single glass of brandy will take a man 
out of the hands of the Holy Spirit, and stop his 
religious convictions; and a keg of whisky drunk in 
a revival will stop it. Satan knew the relative 
strength of his forts, and seeing Christ had come "to 
destroy the works of the devil," he entered into his 
strongest hold. "All these," i. e., all the rest in the 
world, "will I give thee if thou wilt fall down and 
worship me." Satan was sure of everything else if 
he got this. He knew that the Christian religion 
underlies everything else. If he could fill the world 
with devil worship, which is Gentile or Christless 
religion, he knew that whoever had the semblance 
of power he would have the substance. Tn 1832-7, 
when 1,500 lodges sunk before the truth in popular 
discussion, Satan gave up slavery and took up the 
lodge. He even turned Abolitionist, and the Gar- 
riBonians cursed the church, ministry, Sabbath, eve- 

rything but anti-slavery. This one article with him 
and his followers swallowed all creeds. And to-day 
the Garrisonians in New England worship the spirits. 
His "N. B. Anti-slavery Society" in Boston started 
in 1832, the year that 280,000 votes were cast by 
Anti-masons. The Anti-masonic party which "went 
up like a rocket," "went down like a stick," and the 
slavery question took the field; and the fallen lodge 
went South and took charge of secession and rebel- 

Satan is now attempting the same game with liq- 
uor that he did with slavery. The South is going 
for prohibition and secret societies. And even good 
men say, "Let us down liquor and then attack the 
lodge." But you can no more destroy the saloon with 
lodgery, than Lincoln could save the Union with slavery! 
Men sworn to have their throats cut or keep secret 
oaths, will shield distillers and brewers who admin- 
istered those oaths to them, while they regard the 
oaths, and keep the secret; as McClellan, McDowell 
and others shielded the slave-holders and prolonged 
the war, till Grant took command. Let us not be 
humbugged by the devil twice. 


This able paper reminds us of the council of 
heaven in which "a lying spirit" was permitted to 
mingle, in the days of Micaiah the son of Imlah. 
The number for September 24 gives columns to the 
Pittsburgh Catholic Total Abstinence societies, in 
which is given the Pope's "Satisfaction with the 
rapid growth of the Catholic Total Abstinence soci- 
eties," and states that Pope Leo XIII. has several 
times given his apostolic benediction "to the Catho- 
lic Total Abstinence Union of America," and sent a 
brief to Bishop Ireland commanding opposition to 
"the monster evil of intemperance, which is a great 
source of crime, poverty and inhumanity." 

The Pittsburg gathering was a great one. It re- 
quired four heavy trains to carry away the conven- 
tion from Pittsburgh and Allegheny. Some of the 
speaking done by priests was good; and some very 
bad. Father McTighe said, "I don't want you to 
think I am a prohibition crank." "I believe prohi- 
bition an absurdity and a useless thing. The ideas 
of the Prohibitionists I believe to be heretical; and 
the principles they teach contain false doctrines." 

At a late meeting of the Catholic Total Abstinence 
societies in Boston, Father Byrne said, "I am a be- 
liever in total abstinence for a large number of our 
people, I might say a majority of our people, al- 
though do not understand me that I mean to include 
all." Such priests no doubt drink liquor habitually. 
We know one such in a prohibition town who drinks 
and makes no secret of it. He also carries his sign 
in his face. Such priests confirm the statements of 
the ex-priests who have come out from Rome, all of 
whom testify to the drinking and debauchery of 
many priests when met in their secret places. 

It is painful to suspect that the mass of Romish 
priests are hypocrites, including their head; and 
that they go for temperance as a sheer matter of 
policy, and lest their church should sink in the 
esteem of enlightened American Catholics, But we 
know that while Christ was here, he denounced in 
the mass as "hypocrites" those church leaders who 
preferred the "mint, anise and cummin" of their 
church to the welfare of the people. Let us rejoice 
that there has been a Father Matthew, and that his 
spirit still lives in this strange mixture of truth and 
falsehood, light and darkness, good and evil — the 
Roman Catholic church. 


We are not yet willing Dr. Kirby and company 
should rob us of our American name and wave it 
over a platform that but half expresses the real is- 
sues that should interest the American voter. 

The convention at Philadelphia was well-timed. 
The 16th and 17th ult. was the high tide of the Cen- 
tennial celebration, and Philadelphia was crowded 
by scores of thousands of strangers. About 150 
were enrolled and Hepburn and Munyon, officers of 
the committee which developed the movement, were 
quickly elected chairman and secretary. A gag-rule 
was adopted for the resolutions which began a split, 
but the objector being out-voted he was alone in 
leaving the meeting. 

The platform reported on the second day attacks, 
in the preamble, the present immigration system, as 
multitudes who have come to us from Europe are 
unfit subjects for American citizenship, "becoming 
the political and social agitators of every cause look- 
ing to the destruction of private rights, heading and 
encouraging all disturbance of labor, seeking to ar- 
ray labor against capital, setting themselves up as 
the judges of the rights of the American people, 

committing murder, arson, and other crimes ^y 
means of secret organizations, thrusting aside the 
American citizen and wage- worker to make place for 
themselves, preventing by threats the children of 
American citizens from apprenticeship to trades — 
the enemies of all free government by the people." 
The sentiment "America for Americans" must be 
perpetuated; a pledge is taken to the restriction and 
regulation of immigration; a department of immi- 
gration demanded with a Cabinet oflScer at its head; 
also fourteen years' residence for naturalization, all 
communists, socialists, paupers, criminals, etc, to 
be excluded; free schools to be protected; American 
lands for our own citizens, and landed monopolies 
condemned; the treasury surplus to be squandered 
in navies, fortifications, etc., freedom of worship, 
separation of church and state; the organization of 
labor endorsed; a vigorous foreign policy and reas- 
sertion of the "Monroe doctrine;" "no North, no 
South, no East, no West," 

The effort of a few for a prohibition plank was 
promptly voted down. Senator Pomeroy was pres- 
ent the first day and made a speech which was round- 
ly applauded, but we fear made no deep impression, 
as his views are ignored in the platform. It was 
promised, however, that his address should be print- 
ed, which will be partial atonement, since thinking 
men will find the platform to compare unfavorably 
with the fundamental principles which he main- 

Without a particular review of the platform, 
which does not rise to the dignity of a great moral 
principle, but grovels in selfishness, it is yet to be 
said that good may grow out of this, and other like 
movements. They will help to disintegrate the old 
and worn-out party systems that seem determined to 
prevent moral issues coming to the front, and will 
thus serve as ladders by which prohibition, the na- 
tional recognition of God, and rejection of the lodge, 
may yet be made successful issues. 


The Michigan Wesleyan Conference, lately met at 
Rives Junction, adopted the following minute 
respecting the late efforts to draw the W, C. T. U. 
and Prohibition party into complicity with the lodge. 
The Michigan Conference is one of the largest and 
most influential of the annual conferences of that 
church, and its wise and Christian reproof indicates 
the judgment of the whole denomination. There 
are thousands of Prohibition voters connected with 
the churches which abjure secret societies. They 
know well enough the iniquity of secretism, and 
cannot easily be persuaded that it is necessary to 
embrace a greater evil that a less may be cured. 
The Michigan brethren deserve the thanks of all 
true-hearted temperance people for their protest: 

Since the cause of temperance is of great and growing 
interest, and woman a principal sufferer from the effects 
or intemperance, we hail with delight her rising abilities 
and spreading power as displaayed in -her work through 
the W. C. T. U.s which have spread through the centers 
of population and influence in every State and Territory 
of the American Union, in Mexico, Canada, Alaska and 
every civilized nation on the globe. 

We as a conference and as individuals feel called upon 
to go to the extent ot our abilities in strengthening the 
hands and supplying from our mean8"the sinews of war" 
to the Woman's Christian Temperance Unions within our 

We deplore the fact that the saintly, eloquent and 
queenly Frances E. Willard should give her voice and 
influence in favor of the secret labor unions of the coun- 
try; they not making temperance an issue, the personal 
habits of many of their number being opposed to the 
principles of temperance, she is thus, as president of the 
noble Woman's Christian Temperance Union, degrading 
the high mission of her society to a lower grade of mor- 
als and manners than belongs by nature or grace to the 
grand host of women of which she is a leader and presi- 

— After the Belvidere convention Secretary Stod- 
dard with his wife spent the Sabbath at Kingston, 
where he spoke several times, and relumed home to 
Wheatoh Monday. Bro. Stoddard is this week at 
the Wisconsin meeting. 

— Bro. M. N. Butler has ably assisted Secretary 
Stoddard during the past few weeks. He is this 
week making the Wisconsin meeting a success by 
every efllort, and after the State convention season is 
over some of the Illinois friends hope to give him a 
call to their State lecture work. 

— Special Sunday trains for the G. A. R. meeting 
in St. Louis were run by every road leading to that 
cit3% The G. A. R. is a religious order, as is proved 
by its chaplains and various religious services: but 
of what nature is that religion? Would these roads 
run Sunday specials for a missionary conference or 
a W. C. T. U. meeting? 


SX7TEHBER 29, 1887 



—Our friend Clark the singer once sent out his son 
as cavalry lieutenant after Jeff. Davis. He was suc- 
cessful, for he was one of the officers of the Michi- 
gan r»giment that gathered in the rebel chief. But 
when it comes to a moral conflict like the prohibi- 
tion issue Father Clark takes up the battle-axe him- 
self. Every reader of his article on another page 
will confess that ho is yet a champion. 

— Rev. J. F. Avery, pastor of the Baptist Mission 
in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and editor of the excellent 
home monthly, Bvd» and Blossoms, has accepted a 
call to a wider field in New York City, at the Tem- 
ple Mission, corner Henry and Oliver streets, near 
Chatham Square. He begins this new work Octo- 
ber Ist, and the prayers of many readers of the Cy- 
nosure who have been profited by his contributions 
in these columns will follow him. 

—The Ohio agent in the midst of a busy week 
finds only time to add a word to a business letter 
enclosing fifteen names for the Cynosure list. Rev. 
C. H. Rohe of one of the Lutheran churches of Co- 
lumbus has projected a meeting of all the churches 
of that denomination in the city, whom Bro. Stod- 
dard is to address. This proposition shows a very 
hopeful improvement in the work in Ohio. The 
State convention will probably , be held during the 
last week of the present month. 

— The expulsion of McGarigle, Ochs and Bipper, 
three of the Chicago "boodlers," by St. Bernard 
Knight Templar Commandery, was reported last 
Wednesday by the Chicago dailies. The details of 
the case we have not very complete, however, and 
hope to give them at length next week. It is a sat- 
isfaction to know that Masonry has begun to turn out 
its base characters. When through, we can count 
those that are left in a few minutes. It will be a 
fine thing to see the majority voted out of the lodge. 

— Bro. I. R. B. Arnold closed his illustrated lec- 
tures at Belvidere Friday night, and this week ac- 
cepts an urgent invitation to visit Milton, Wiscon- 
sin, and give one or two evenings to the State Con- 
vention there. The big tent will fold its broad 
wings for the season and hibernate in the new bam 
of Bro. M. L. Worcester at Kingston, the biggest in 
DeKalb county. Bro. Arnold and his interesting 
family will continue their good work in halls for a 
few weeks longer, when they return to Wheaton and 
he will continue alone. 


Dear Bro. Kellogg: — Having received contri- 
butions through the Cynosure, and letters from 
friends wishing to know our movements about the 
Western Soudan Mission, I deem it necessary to 
write this for their information. The whole arrange- 
ment of the work is now in the hands of the Mis- 
sionary Board of the Wesleyan Methodist church. 
We have obtained seven missionaries who have 
offered to start fqj: the field the coming spring. Two 
of these were formerly students of Wheaton College; 
one is a graduate of a medical college in Cleveland, 
Ohio; one is from the Training School in Philadel- 
phia; one a blacksmith from Fillmore, N. Y., and 
one a farmer from Hillsboro, Penn. We made no 
appeal for these men who have so willingly joined 
their lot with us. "This is the Lord's doing, and it 
is marvelous in our eyes." 

I have had much encouragement in all places that 
I have visited. I believe God can touch both hearts 
and purses. My two addresses in Wheaton amount- 
ed to $57. I am greatly indebted to our Wheaton 
friends; may the Lord prosper their efforts. 

We have secured the co-operation of all the Wes- 
leyan Methodist conferences, and each has given 
liberally and according to their abilities. Still we 
need more means. As some of our friends in the 
last Congress of Churches promised me their assist- 
ance from their congregations, I shall be glad to 
hear from them now that the work is being started. 
A contribution forwarded to the Cynosure, or an in- 
vitation to lecture and receive donations from their 
people, will be cordially welcomed. I will be happy 
to hear from them early, as I have to sail for Eng- 
land on my way to Africa in a few months more, to 
start our work. Friends sending invitations will 
please address me care Wesleyan Methodist, 52 and 
64 East Onondaga St, Syracuse, New York. Your 
Jjrotber in Christ, J. Augustus Cole. 


Washington, Sept. V.\ 1887. 
It was a singular coincidence that the two sister 
republics of North America should both be jubilat- 
ing at the same moment over great events in their 
history — the Unite<l States celebrating the centen- 
nial of the Constitution, and Mexico wmmcmorat 

ing the anniversary of her independence and the 
birthday of her present President, Diaz. What more 
is needed to demonstrate the fatherhood of God and 
the brotherhood of man, or that the New World, at 
least, is the permanent abode and the strong, safe 
guardian of the blessed boon of freedom so glori- 
ously won by the blood and brawn of the fathers of 
the republic? The great pageant at Philadelphia 
marks an important milestone in our country's his- 
tory and progress, that will only be less memorable 
in the annals of the republic than the celebration of 
the centennial of the Declaration of Independence. 
As educators of the people such events are as wor- 
thy of consideration as in the light of the patriotic 
sentiments that hallow them, for, during several 
weeks past those who are familiar with the circulat- 
ing literature of our public libraries have observed 
the great and growing demand for works upon both 
the history and the Constitution of the United States. 

There was an occurrence in the Treasury a day or 
two since that illustrated the practical working and 
benefit of true civil service reform — the discovery 
by paying-teller Gibson of a fraudulent check that 
had been raised from $2 to $2,450, which had passed 
unchallenged through the hands of several banks — 
having been issued two years ago. If this trained 
expert had been turned out for political reasons, the 
probability is that the United States Treasurer would 
be out over $2,000. 

The Senate select committee, whose duty it is to 
investigate the methods of conducting the depart- 
mental business of the Government, has received 
the desired information, together with much other 
useful and interesting matter, from the Interior and 
Postoffice Departments. The report shows that 
there are a little over 9,000 employes of the former 
department, of which number the Secretary appoints 
3,189, the remainder being Presidential appointees; 
that 94,790 persons are employed in the postal serv- 
ice, divided as follows: 600 are employed in the 
Postoffice Department proper, 75 are postmasters of 
the first class, 400 of the second class, 1,884 of the 
third class, and 52,415 of the fourth class; the rail- 
way mail clerks number 4,744; and the inland mail 
routes 27,264 — covering 370,854 miles. The former 
report makes 460 pages of closely printed matter in 
octavo form — the latter 412 pages, and both volumes 
will be very valuable as books of reference. 

It is thought that Secretary Bayard desires an 
Eastern man to fill the vacancy in the oflic^e of his 
First Assistant, and among those prominently dis- 
cussed for the position is the Hon. Perry Belmont, 
the young Congressman from New York, who was 
Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs in 
the last Congress; but I hardly think it probable 
that, great as is the Empire State, it is entitled to a 
third place — in the Cabinet, I had almost said, 
though it is nearly as important as that. Such an 
appointment would be sure to increase the prejudice 
of the Southern States against the commercial mo- 
nopoly of New York, which influence is selfish and 
partial as they believe, and hostile to the growing 
trade of the Gulf. The lately published interviews 
of Senator Pomeroy present clearly what are likely 
to be some effects of this growing complaint in re- 
spect to the old parties. 

The project to connect the capital with the tomb 
of Washington by means of a great roadway, to be 
called Mt. Vernon Avenue, is assuming definite 
shape — a public meeting having taken all the neces- 
sary preliminary steps to put the enterprise on a 
successful footing, and it is quite probable that the 
work will be ultimately pushed to completion, as it 
has excited widespread interest that will materialize 
in a substantial manner. 

It is intimated that President Cleveland's visit to 
the Western and Southern States will cost him more 
than $10,000. He has engaged a special train for 
the entire distance, consisting of an engine, a bag- 
gage and supply car and two palace cars. This train 
will convey him for about forty-five hundred miles 
in stages divided a follows: Washington to Balti- 
more, Baltimore to Harrisburg, Harrisburg to Pitts- 
burg, Pittsburg to Indianapolis, Indianapolis to St 
Louis, St. Louis to Chicago, Chicago to Milwaukee, 
Milwaukee to Madison, Madison to St. Paul, St Paul 
to Minneapolis, Minneapolis to Omaha, Omaha to 
Kansas City, Kansas City to Memphis, Memphis to 
Nashville, Nashville to Atlanta, Atlanta to Montr 
gomery, Montgomery to Morristown, Morristown to 
Salisbury, Salisbury to Danville, Danville to Wash- 
ington, total, 4,436 miles. The journey will occupy 
twenty-two days, and during this time Mr. Cleveland 
will have to meet a demand for at least fifty speech- 
es. As he is attended by his wife we do not fear 
such scenes of drunkenness as attended Johnson's 
swing around the circle, or as were charged to Gen. 
Grant's account during his first term. Neither must 
we expect the versatility of Blaine or the good moral 
sense of Hayes in like circumstanoep, * 



Delegates to the Iowa Stite Christian Association, to 
convene in College Springs on the third Tues.lay of Oc- 
tober, will be met at Coin on Tuesday and Wednesday 

Those coming over the C. B. & Q from the East will 
leave the main line at ViUisca and change at Clarinda for 
Coin. West of Villisca they can leave the main line at 
Red Oak and connect at Shenandoah with a morning 
freight on the Wabash for Coin. 

All who expect to attend the convention will please 
drop a card to the undersigned as soon as possible, spec- 
ifying whether they wish to be met on Tuesday or Wed- 
nesday morning. There are only morning trains to Coin 
over the branch lines of the C. B. & Q If any one wish- 
es to be met at any other point, let it ue made known. 

Don't forget to drop the card, that transportation and 
entertainment may be duly provided for. 



The "Minnesota Christian Association" will meet in 
convention in Minneapolis, Tuesday, Wednesday and 
Thursday, Oct. 4, ."Jand 6, 1887, in Chestnut Hall. 

The convention will open Tuesday evening with an 
address by Rev. J. P. Stoddard, Secretary of the N. C. A. 

Rev. C. F. Hawley, lecturer for the Iowa Christian 
Association, will be present. 

If any friend of the cause, man or woman, in Miaae- 
sota, Iowa, or Wisconsin, has aught to say on any phase 
of this great reform, he is hereby invited to be present 
and speak. Prepare yourselves well enough to speak 
briefly, and report, to the undersigned at the convention. 

The afternoon sessions will be devoted to these 
speeches, the morning sessions to business. The even- 
ing sessions will be occupied by brethren Stoddard and 

The local committee of arrangements, Bro. Elwood 
Hanson, says that either free or very cheap homes will 
be provided for all who come and report at his office, 15 
Fourth Street, South. 

Buy the excursion ticket to Minneapolis which the 
railroads are now offering at reduced rates. Come up, 
brethren and sisters, in the name and spirit of Christ, to 
do your beat for the cause. E. G. Paine, Pres. M. C. A. 

N. B. — Will friendly pastors please announce to their 

.* ■ ^1 


The Eleventh Annual Meeting of the New Hampshire 
Christian Association will be held in Arcanum Hall, No. 
939 Elm street, Manchester, October 29, 30, 31, 1887, 
commencing Saturday at 2 o'clock r. m., and closing 
Monday evening; entertainment free. Reduced railroad 
fare expected from the following stations: Rochester, 
Dover, Newmarket Junction, Portsmouth, North Weare, 
Laconia, and Concord. Horse cars from depot to haH. 
Addresses, sermons and essays are expected from the fol- 
lowing persons: Rev. J. Blanchard of Illinois, Rev. E. 
W. Oakes, Manchester, Elders A. Kidder, C. L. Baker, 
Isaac Hyatt, S. C. Kimball, Mrs. C. W. Bixby. Miss Annie 
M. Ray, Miss E. E. Flagg, and Mips I. D. Haines, evan- 
gelist of Maine. Miss Haines will preach the annual 
sermon and direct the devotional services. Holiness, 
Divine Healing, the Near Coming of our Lord, Temper- 
ance, the Evils of Organized Secrecy, and other impor- 
tant topics will be prayerfully considered, and explained 
by consecrated speakers. We look for a large attendance 
and a special blessing from the Lord. Isolated toilers in 
the vineyard need the help and encouragement which 
such meetings afford. Let us plan to attend, and pray 
for the blessing we so much need. 

8. C. KiMiiALL, £ee'y N. B. C. A. 

Who will preach a revival among the Episcopal- 
ians of New York and turn their thoughts away 
from their cathedral project? The idea of spend- 
ing $10,000,000 in such a building in this day of 
missions and charities is like giving up our railroads 
for sedan chairs and the saddle. A chuah profess- 
ing to be of Christ that has no nobler work, is nigh 
to the cursings which of old fell in woes from the 
lips of the prophets. A thousand years ago men 
knew no better than to spend themselves, by gener- 
ations, ui)on such buildings, attractive and noble to 
be sure, but for what value to those who look for 
the coming of the Lord? 

Mrs. Angle F. Newman, at Lincoln, Neb., Fri- 
day, was unanimously elected a delegate to the Gen- 
eral Conference of the M. E. church, to he held at 
Brooklyn, N. Y., next May. She is the first lady on 
whom that honor has been conferred. 

One of the most spiritually minded Christians 
whom we have ever known was in the habit of say- 
ing: "I am willing to be governed by Goil's law8,and 
to be saved by hia grace. " This is a most excel- 
lent statement of the condition of a truly Christian 

All the American missions in Burmah have incor- 
porated total abstinence in their work. 



September 29, 1887 

The Home. 


Look not for the Saviour's footprints 

Near the royal palace gate ; 
Seek them not in halls of grandeur. 

Gilded domes, and regal state; 
Seek them not in grand cathedrals, 

Nor in learning's temple fair, 
Where proud piety, on cushions, 

Seeks repose from every cnre. 

Seek them by the humble dwelling, 

Seek them by the widow's cot. 
Seek them In the prison dungeons. 

Where misfortune mourns her lot 
Down beneath the lowest strata 

Of degraded human woe, 
Marked with blood, and wet with teardrops, 

Trace them onward as they go ! 

Here he paused to feed the hungry. 

Here forgave a woman's sin ; 
Here a blind man's eyes were opened, 

Here the lame came bounding in ; 
Here in gory perspiration 

Wept o'er Juda's holy hill; 
Here poured out his blood and Spirit 

To redeem— "Whoever wiU I" 

There is not one human being 

Sunk so low in dark despair, 
But beneath its tears and anguish, 

Jesus left his footprints there. 
And if I would be a Christian, 

I must follow where he led ; 
Raise the fallen, clothe the naked, 

Cause the hungry to be fed. 

Fearing no contamination. 

Swerving not for scorn or pride. 
Where a soul may yet be ransomed, 

If the labor be applied ; 
Down beneath all human wanderings, 

Down beneath al) woe and care. 
There I'll find my Saviour's footprints. 

Fresh as when he placed them there. 

Jesus, I will trace thy pathway 

Down among the lost of earth. 
And rehearse the glad, glad tidings 

Of thy boundless love and worth ; 
1 have not the gift of healing, 

I may not forgive their sins, 
1 can point them to thy kingdom. 

Bid them cleanse, and enter in. 

— iSelected. 



Probably one of the most difficult places in which 
to exemplify the Christian religion "day in and day 
out," as the expression goes, is in the home life, 
with its multitudinous vexations and annoyances. 
It may not be so in every instance. There may be 
some who have their severest tests entirely outside 
of home life. But we are speaking now of the 
everyday troubles and trials which come to all who 
have a place they call home; not of the occasional 
and very severe tests which come in business affairs, 
or in contact with society outside of the home. All 
persons have these bitter outside trials and perplex- 
ities, and under those peculiar circumstances home 
becomes an asylum of refuge and peace. But is it 
not true that there is no home in which there is not, 
every day, more or less friction in the running of 
its machinery, more or less grating among the cogo 
and pinions, which go to make the iiome the effect- 
ual working power that it is? Blessed be that per- 
son, whether it be father, with his mind and hand 
in active exercise for the well-being of his family, 
or mother, with anxious face and loving heart, or 
brother or sister, with all their brotherly or sisterly 
feeling for each other, and their undying love for 
father and mother. Blessed, thrice blessed, I say, 
be that one who can and does, each day,under every 
circumstance, and to every one in that home, bear a 
constant love, and preserve a cheerful demeanor, 
and exercise a constant patience, remaining un- 
moved, and preserving a steady sweetness under the 
most trying circumstances. And blessed they are. 
From such a home inlluence, a child thrown out up- 
on *.be world will not go far astray. A demon could 
not sin very deeply trained in such an atmosphere, 
wiinout an effort. 

We are well aware that the picture, as presented 
here, is drawn in very bright colors. But are such 
homes impossibilities? Can we not, at least, come 
a little nearer to this ideal home? How touching 
are the words of the song, "There's no place like 
home." And of 8uch a home as is here presented 
we may say, there is no better, no grander, no pleas- 
nter, no more glorious place this side of heaven 
self. We are painfully aware of the multitade of 

real or imaginary hindrances which will throng the 
mind at this point. But while one may present this 
barrier, and another that, as obstacles in our way, 
let us ever remember the abounding grace of G-od, 
and the power of a trained will, as forces in the ac- 
complishment of this grand work in all our homes. 
Who can not now see some place where, in the fu- 
ture, a great advance can be made in making our 
individual homes more healthful, more pleasant, 
more cheerful, and more glorious than heretofore. 
Smooth out that frown, wipe away those wrinkles, 
take off that sad expression, and plant in its place 
with God's help a smile. Choke back that harsh 
expression, and speak a word of cheer. 

In how many ways may we improve our homes by 
care in what is generally termed "little things." It 
may cost an effort. When a feeling of irritation 
comes over us, it will be by a mighty effort, not un- 
aided by the grace of God, to hold it back from be- 
ing manifested in any degree in the home. Yet it 
will be best. Of all places the home circle will re- 
ceive the greatest blessing by this restraint, and it 
is equally true, probably, that there is no place 
where indulgence in an irritation of temper would 
do more real harm than at home. For Jesus' sake, 
and for our family's sake, and for the whole world's 
sake, let us keep the home sweet. Solomon said: 
"It is better to dwell in a corner of the housetop, 
than with a brawling woman in a wide house." Let 
us think this matter over as individuals, and begin 
at once with ourselves, to sweeten and beautify our 

WilUamston, Mich. 

.* • ^ 


We must not be allowed to forget that the family 
is the school and nurture of piety; that the young 
lives born in the family are to be molded by home 
influence for Christ; that if we are not religious at 
home, we are not religious anywhere. 

The influence of the Christian should be posi- 
tively pious — dubiety in religion is not only feeble, 
but positively vicious. The religious life which is 
uncertain and tepid has no efficacy, like the salt 
which has lost its savor — tasteless and hurtful. 
Happy and sunny the Christian home-life should be, 
but the tincture and colorings of strong religious 
principle should tinge and blend with all its rays of 
happiness. The chief interest, the reigning purpose 
of the home should be religion, not in drapery or 
cypress, but in sunlight and fragrance; the light 
coming from the Son of Righteousness, the fragrance 
distilled from the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the 

To make up this religious home influence the pa- 
rents must be distinctly religious. This is the main 
element. Religion in them should be authoritative 
and conspicuous — not in name but in reality. Relig- 
ion must be to them a real thing, a thing of experi- 
ence,practice and of transcendent importance; first in 
importance, in interest and obligation. With them 
it must be more than religion in the way of church 
membership, church activity, church devotion — a 
mere tincture of Christ and the world and business 
in solid form. Parents must have much of trueness 
to God, not only for themselves, but of profound 
and ceaseless interest that their children should 
have Christ formed within them. One of the crying 
needs of the day is religious fathers and mothers — 
fathers who will not sell their sons to mammon, 
mothers who prefer God for their daughters to the 
world; parents who have a conscience, and a pur- 
pose, and a business, to bring up their children in 
the nurture and admonition of the Lord. 

The Christian home must be a training school, not 
only by the silent forces of example and faith, but 
positive instruction, instilling and fixing the facts 
and truths of religion in the memory and hearts of 
the children, here a little and there a little, by all 
arts and methods, until the young minds are filled 
and impregnated with revealed truth — that it may 
grow with their growth and strengthen with their 
strength. This soil is not filled with the heavenly 
seed by chance; there must be application and set 
purpose; occasions must be sought and made; the 
lessons must be put in the young mind; 'tis their 
salvation. Time, patience, conviction, application, 
are requisite to implant the imperishable seed which 
liveth and abideth forever in young hearts. The 
world, the flesh, and the devil are sowing their seed 
with sly and diligent hands by day and by night. 
Shall we not be as earnest to save as they are to 
ruin? as industrious for heaven as they are for 

A well-selected library is helpful in this training; 
one book helps to form and shape character; one 
book had much to do with shaping the religious 
characters of John Bunyan and John Wesley. Many 
a young mind has received its virtuous impulses 

from a good book. Parents are guilty of a grievous 
wrong who do not have some good books for their 
children. They pre-occupy, keep out bad tenants, 
save from idleness, form taste, instruct and inspire. 
A library is a great help in the religious training of 
a family. 

Family worship is a potent agent in impressing 
religiously the home — the stated season, the reading 
and singing, the prayer, are all disciplinary and 
sanctifying. The worship should be an institution 
night and morning; attended by all, strictly enjoined, 
no excuses allowed; performed in the spirit of 
Christ, not loosely, irregularly, hastily, but with 
promptness, regularity and devotion. The servants 
should be present; these are shamefully neglected. 

Our homes must become more distinctly schools 
for Christ, not schools to nurture family pride — to 
promote worldliness; but sanctuaries into which the 
children are born with the sweet, fresh air of a joy- 
ous holiness pressing in upon their young lives at 
every pore, as . gentle, as light, as ponderous and 
penetrating as the air — as attractive, as beautiful, as 
searching as the light. Our children for Christ! let 
this be the motto, the inspiration, the aim, the end 
of every home. — Southern Advocate. 


Probably nineteen-twentieths of the happiness 
you will ever have you will get at home. The inde- 
pendence that comes to a man when his work is 
over, and he feels that he has run out of the storm 
into the quiet harbor of home, where he can rest 
in peace with his family, is something real. It does 
not make much difference whether you own your 
house, or have one little room in that house, you 
can make that Utile room a true home to you. You 
can people it with such moods, you can turn to it 
with such sweet fancies, that it will be fairly lumi- 
nous with their presence, and will be to you the 
very perfection of a home. Against this home none 
of you should ever transgress. You should always 
treat each other with courtesy. It is often not so 
difficult to love a person as it is to be courteous to 
him. Courtesy is of greater value and a more royal 
grace than some people seem to think. If you will 
but be courteous to each other you will soon learn 
to love each other more wisely, profoundly, not to 
say lastingly, than you ever did before. — Selected. 


The truest homes are often in houses not espe- 
cially well kept, according to the ideas of the very 
fastidious, where the comfort and happiness of the 
inmates rather than the preservation of the furniture 
are first considered. They are not like the home 
where the father and sons were obliged to always 
come in by the kitchen door, and then had to take off 
their boots and walk in their stocking feet. That 
home is a thing of the past; the Sons did not stay 
any longer than they could help under that roof. — 
Atlanta Constitution. 


The crying sin of the day is dishonesty. One 
hears so much of it in public life; but as we have 
said, there is too much of it altogether in private 
life. And its cause is to be found in the want of 
self-control in the indulgence of tastes and appetites. 
Reckless, extravagant living is at the bottom of it 
all. If this living had any true foundation in any 
hearty desire for any desirable things, there would 
be more hope of amendment. But when one comes 
to see what things ill-gotten gains are spent upon, 
the outlook is a sad one. Dress, display, amuse- 
ment, costly things bought just because they are cost- 
ly; wealth won evilly, merely that it may be wasted 
foolishly; these are the signs of a time which is not 
a pleasant time to contemplate. If a man loves any 
one thing, say rare books, or pictures, or objects of 
art of any kind, or music or science, so well that for 
the sake of the one thing in which he would 
be rich, he is willing to be poor in every thing 
else, no matter though his choice be an unwise one 
according to the best standards of choice, he will 
yet have a motive which will help to keep him up- 
right. But for those who love none of these things, 
but simply desire them because it is the habit of 
the time; because like pampered children they must 
needs cry for whatsoever they see just out of their 
reach, for them is needed the wholesome self-disci- 
pline which shall teach them to let alone whatever 
is not theirs. 

And the beginning of this self-discipline is in the 
home. Parents must teach their boys and girls the 
great lesson of doing without whatever cannot be fitly 
theirs. There need be no niggardly restraint, b\it in 

Sbftembeb 29, 1887 



some way the first lesson for childhood should be 
that of earning its pleasure. To get whatever it 
craves as soon as it asks for it, is the worst training 
a child can have. — Churchman. 


Little battles thon hast won ; 
Little niaeterlee achieved ; 
Little wants with care relieved; 
Little words in love expressed; 
Little wrongs at once confessed ; 
Little favors kindly done; 
Little toils thou didst not shun ; 
Little graces meekly worn ; 
Little slights with patience borne ;— 
These shall crown thy pillowed head, 
Holy light upon thee shed ; 
These are treasures that shall rise 
Far beyond the smiling skies. 



Tom's sister Nell was pretty, and being a year 
older than Tom, wanted to show her authority over 
him. Tom was rough and awkward, and just at 
the age when a boy resents all meddling with his 
"rights." He would put his hands in his pockets, 
his chair on Nell's dress, and his feet on the window- 
sill. Of course they often quarreled. 

"For pity's sake, Tom, do take your hands out of 
your pockets," Nell would say in her most vexing 

"What are pockets for, I'd like to know, if not to 
put one's hands in?" And Tom would whistle and 
march off. 

"Tom, I don't believe you've combed your hair for 
a week!" 

"Well, what's the use? It would be all roughed 
up again in less than an hour." 

"I do wish, Tom, you would take your great boots 
off from the window-sill!" 

"Oh, don't bother me, I'm reading," Tom would 
say, and the boots refused to stir an inch, which, of 
course, was very naughty. And so it would go on 
from morning till night. 

But little Bess had a different way with somewhat 
stubborn Tom. Bess seemed to understand that 
coaxing was better than driving; and sometimes 
when he sat with both hands in his pockets, she, with a 
book or picture, would nestle down beside him, and 
almost before he knew it, one hand would be pat- 
ting her curls, while the Other turned the leaves or 
held the pictures. If she chanced to see his feet on 
the window-sill, she would say, — 

"Just try my ottomon, Tom, dear, and see how 
comfortable it is to the feet;" and though Tom oc- 
casionally growled in a "good-natured way about its 
being too low, the boots always came down. • When- 
ever his hair looked rough, she would steal behind 
him and smootB it out in a way Tom liked so well 
that it was a temptation to let it go rough, just for 
the pleasure of having her comb it. Yet, for the 
next three days at least, he would take special pains 
to keep every hair in its place simply to please little 

As they grew older, Bess, in the same quiet, lov- 
ing way, helped him to grow wise and manly. If 
she had an interesting book, she always wanted Tom 
to enjoy it with her; if she were going to call on 
any of her young friends, Tom was alwaya invited 
to go with her. 

"I can't understand," said lady Nell, "why you 
should always want that boy forever at your heels. 
He's rough and awkward as a bear." 

"Some bears are as gentle as kittens," said Bess, 
slipping her arm through his, with a loving hug, 
while the "bear" felt a great warm glow at his heart 
as he walked away with Bess, and determined to try 
harder to be "gentle as a kitten," for her sake. — The 

shelter under the tree, looking up at the clear sky, 
and wondering whence such a shower could come. 
Immediately afterward, however, they would see the 
elephant rising slowly from his bath, evincing, as it 
seemed, an awkward joy at the trick he had piayed. 

In the course of time his amusement became 
generally known, and the moment the water began 
to rise from his trunk, the spectators would take 
flight, at which he appeared exceedingly delighted, 
getting up as fast as he could to see the bustle be 
had caused. 

Strange as it may seem, a huge animal like the ele- 
phant has a ridiculous fear of certain small objects. 
The keeper of the Zo-ological Garden in Philadel- 
phia says that he has seen an elephant nearly scared 
into a fit at the sight of a mouse. And one warm 
day, for the amusement of the spectators, a dozen 
inflated bladders were thrown into the pond when 
the animals went in to sw'm. At first they were 
greatly frightened. Then Empress struck at one 
with her trunk, and when it bounded into the air, 
both she and her* companion trumpeted and scram- 
bled out of the pond. Finally, she gently fished 
one of the bladders out of the water and kicked at it 
with her hind feet. No serious results following, 
the sport was continued until Empress happened to 
step on the bladder. It exploded with a loud re 
port, and the elephants scampered home. — ISel. 


The elephant of the Jardin de» Plantes, at Paris, 
used to play his visitors a trick which could not 
have been thought of but by an animal of much in- 
telligence. His house opened upon an enclosure 
called the elephant's park, containing a pond, in 
which he would lay himself under the water, con- 
cealing every part of him except the very end of 
his trunk — a mere speck that would hardly be no- 
ticed by a stranger to the animal's habits. A crowd 
would often assemble around the enclosure, and, not 
seeing him in it, would watch in expectation that he 
would soon issue from the house. But, while they 
were gazing about, a copious sprinkling of water 
would fall upon them; and ladies and gentlemen, 
with their fine bonnets and coats, would run for 


New Orlkams, La., Sept. U.— [Special.] — To- 
morrow's papers will contain an open letter from 
Jfcflerson Davis to Bishop Charles B. Galloway of 
the Methodist church South. The Confederate chief- 
tain is very severe in his handling of the prohibi- 
tion bishop. He says: "I grieve that a dignitary 
of the Methodist church South should have left the 
pulpit and Bible to mount the political rostrum and 
plead the law of prohibitionism, the substitution of 
force for free-will moral responsibilities, the obliga- 
tion to do unto others as we would be done by, and 
the brotherly love taught by the meek and lowly 
Jesus whom we adore. In this I see the forbidden 
union of church and state, and my grief is real and 
relates to both. This reply, it may be pro|>er here 
to renark, is not made to you in your character of 
a dignitary of the church, but in that which for that 
occasion you have assumed — as a political partisan. 
I regret that you did not acknowledge that your 
strictures were appropriate to what others had said 
or done, and were not justified by the text of my 
letter for which you arraign me." 



"You can't make a man sober by act of Parlia- 
ment." So they said. I thought it over. It didn't 
seem to me a self-evident proposition. 

"Why not?" said I. Then came a crusher. 

"You might as well try to cure the toothache by 
act of Parliament." 

This made me reflect. I had been troubled with 
the toothache; worried by it; maddened by it; kept 
off work, my meals, my happiness by it. My health 
was failing in consequence. My temper was gone. 
My mind was going. I was invited to try various 

"Stop it," said some. 

"But how?" I inquired. 

"Fill the tooth with gold," they explained. The 
tooth was thus primed, but the toothache went on. 

"Clear it out,'' said others. 

"How — how?" was my agonized exclamation. 

"Cleanse the blessed thing out," they told me. I 
did. I got it inspected, illuminated, syringed, fumi- 
gated, made beautiful with camphorated chalk, bath 
brick, late powder, and floriline. No good. 

"Give it a rest on Sunday," said a clerical friend. 
I tried this. Even on Sundays there were some 
bona fide twinges; on Monday it w^s a bad as ever. 
What was I to do? 

• "Be extra careful what you let into it," said a 
civic functionary. Nothing could exceed my care. 
Three magistrates certified the good, harmless, ex- 
cellent character of all I put into my tooth. 1 felt 
safe. Not for long. I soon felt sold. The results 
were disappointing, distressing, excrutiating. Some- 
how the certified application lost its virtue the mo- 
ment it got inside. 

"Hold a drink of water in your mouth and sit on 
the fire till it boils," urged a knowing one. I began 
to think this was the only remedy. At last I took 
counsel of a fanatic. 

"Try the parliamentary cure," said he. 

"What's that?" said I. 

"Have the tooth out; a short act will do it." This 
seemed drastic. It would leave a gap in my social 
system. I should miss an old friend. The tooth 
had a vested interest. I took courage. 

"Let the operation cost what it may, it must 
come," I cried. So I summoned the dentist 

"I am ready for the parliamentary cure," said I. 

It took a strong pull. It was done. The tooth 
was gone. So was the toothache. I was happy. 

Once more I reflected. Extraction cures tooth- 
ache. I had never realized this before. No tooth, 
no toothache. This is strange, but true. And yet 
you can't make a man sober by let of Parlia- 

Let us see. No tooth, no toothache. Granted. 
No drink traffic, no drink. Eh. what! Is that a 
fact? No drink tralllc, no drink? I never thought 
of that. No drink, no drunkenress. I see. A 
mule with no hind legs doesn't kick. He is qniet. 
If a man can get nothing to drink, he doesn't drink. 
He is sober. An act of Parliament can make him 
so. By white-washing the public house? Not quite. 
Sanctifying it on Sundays, in big places only? 
What, then, do you want Parliament to enact? Pro- 
hibition. — Jrith Timptrance Lf.agite Journal, 

One hundred and eighty million dollars' worth of 
five-cent cigars were smoked in this country last 
year, and still thousands cry hard times. 

Eighteen thousand dollars is an enormous price 
to pay for a small peach-blow vase, that's a fact; but 
look at the man who squanders $30,000 on the flow- 
ing bowl, and all he has to show for it is a peach- 
blow nose, not one-fourth the size of the vase afore- 

Texas may vote for whisky by 100,000 majority, 
but it will not fatten their starving cattle or bring 
peace into Texas homes. Texas may not like "to 
go dry," but wetting down with whisky by such a 
majority will keep thousands of the best class of 
people from making the State their home. Men and 
women who raise families prefer school-houses to 
saloons. — Inter Ocean. 

In the Supreme Court at Des Moines, Iowa, Sept. 
10, the opinion was filed in the case of Pearson and 
Linghran against the International Distillery, in 
which the lower courts of this county held thai the 
sale of intoxicating liquors for export for general 
purposes was illegal, and closed the distillery as a 
nuisance. The court affirms this decision. 

The people of Atlanta, Ga., do not seem to have 
become dissatisfied with their prohibition ordinance, 
though there are those who would have us believe 
that all kinds of evils resulted therefrom. A few 
days ago an election for judge in a place of him 
who has been foremost and most thorough in the ex- 
ecution of the law, resulted in his re-election by a 
large majority. The people want the law enforced, 
and are ready to sustain the man who does most for 
its enforcement. 

Dalton county, Ga., is one of many counties in 
the South that have freed themselves from the curse 
of alcohol. Before prohibition was secured the Su- 
perior Court sat twice a year, and four or five weeks 
at each session at a cost of $7,560 per annum. Since 
prohibition it takes but two weeks to dispatch all 
the business of the court, and the attendant expense 
is $1,980. Before prohibition the jail fees averaged 
over $150 per month; now they are less than $25 per 
month, and for months the jail has been empty. 

A volume of interesting statistics in regard to the 
liquor traffic in the United States is contained in a 
recent report from the Chief of the Bureau of Sta- 
tistics at Washington. In round numbers the con- 
sumption of distilled spirits, domestic and imported, 
in this country is shown to have increased from 43,- 
000,000 gallons in 1840 to 72,000,000 in 1886; of 
wines, from 4,800,000 gallons to 22 000,000; and of 
malt liquors, from 23,000.000 to «42,000 i»00. A 
statement made by the editor of the American Gro- 
cer is given which sets forth, among other things, 
that the present average expenditure in this country 
per annum for malt and spirituous liijuors and l>eeV 
at retail is $700,000,000. The drinking population 
is estimated to he un 18St>) 14,025,417. making the 
average ex|>enditure per capita $45 !)0. On the 
same authority it is sbown by tallies, i-overing the 
five years from 1882 to 1 S86, inclusive, that thecon- 
sumption of spirits is decreasing while that of beer 
is increasing, and that there is a reduced use of wine 
as a beverage. It is added that the wholesale cost 
of the liquors for which the retailers receive $700,- 
000.000 is not more than $3()0,(i00.000. leaving 400,- 
000,000 as the retailers' share or" profits. A statement is 
macie to the ctlect that only ten per ifnt of the dis- 
tilled spirits consumed in this conntrv are used for 
medicine and manufacturing pfi ^nety per 

ceot being used as a beverage. — .'> nervrr 



Skptbmber 29, 1887 

Religious News. 

The Veiled Prophets' parade at St. Louis this 

year will represent prominent events and scenes 
taken from the Bible. This has stirred up a good 
deal of feeling among the Protestant ministers, and 
Rev. Dr. Nichols has made a somewhat sweeping 
condemnation of the whole affair from his pulpit 
He took special exception to the invitation to the 
ball, which is contained in a miniature representa- 
tion of the ark of the covenant and is written side 
by side with the Ten Commandments. He thought 
this a sacrilegious blunder and a shocking prostitu- 
tion of things sacred. He especially denounced the 
floats which will appear, one representing Moses re- 
ceiving the law and the other the transfiguration of 
Elijah. Several other ministers sustain Dr. Nichols, 
and the matter has produced something of a sensa- 
tion, but it is said on the authority of prominent 
prophets that the parade will not be changed, and 
that no floats will be taken from the procession. 

— At the Lutheran General Council meeting in 
Greenville, Penn., the report of the Swedish home 
missionaries was heard with much interest. The 
large and important mission of Pastor Telleen on 
Mission Street, between Eighth and Ninth, has, after 
much struggle on his part, been made self-support- 
ing. There has been great pressure of the lodge 
against Pastor Telleen's work, and his success is 
very encouraging. 

— The statistical report of the General Synod of 
the Lutheran church shows the body to be com- 
posed of twenty-three synods, 1,246 churches, 134,- 
710 communicant members, 1,248 Sunday-schools 
with 129,370 scholars; its total benevolence amount- 
ed during the last year to $146,312.98. The Augus- 
tana Synod of Swedish churches is connected with 
this body, and reports some 70,000 members. 

— At the thirty-third convention of this General 
Synod at Omaha, June 1-13, 1887, they adopted 
the following: '■'■Resohed, That the right, and there- 
fore the wisest and most efficient method in dealing 
with the traffic in alcoholic liquors for drinking pur- 
poses, is its suppression, and that we therefore also 
urge those who comprise the church which we rep- 
resent to endeavor to secure in every State the abso- 
lute prohibition of the manufacture and sale of in- 
toxicating liquors as a beverage." 

— The committee of the Evangelical Missionary 
Society of Paris has declined the invitation of the 
Government to send missionaries to Madagascar. It 
finds the field already occupied by the London So- 
ciety, and will not introduce division into it. Hence 
it answers, that French Evangelical missionaries will 
be sent to Madagascar only when the churches there 
invite them. 

— The Bremen Mission on the Slave coast returned 
more than a hundred baptisms of natives during 
1886, sixty-nine of which were of adults. In the 
ten years from 1876 to 1886 the number of Chris- 
tians has risen from 175 to 556, The Directory of 
the Deaconesses' House at Hamburg has decided to 
send deaconesses to this mission. 

— Reports from the Western Indiana yearly meet- 
ing of Friends at Plainfield, state that action was 
taken on the use of tobacco by members, and also 
against the secret orders. The General Conference of 
Friends called to meet in Richmond, Indiana, gath- 
ered last Friday. Among the delegates is Calvin 
W. Pritchard, editor of the Christian Worlcer of this 
city, and member of the N. C. A. Board. 

— The bishop's address at the opening of the 
nineteenth General Conference of the Evangeligal 
Association, recently in session at Buffalo, N. Y., 
contains the following interesting statistics: Mem- 
bership, 138,130; churches, 1,8.39; Sunday-schools, 
2,306; scholars, 182,037. The receipts of the mis- 
sionary society increased in the past four years $99,- 
978.43, the total receipts for the last quadrennium 
being 1484,065.10, as against $384,086.67 for the 
four years ending in 1883. The debt of the society 
amounts to $44,000. The publishing house of the 
denomination is at Cleveland, Ohio, and is reported 
to be worth $500,000. It has no debt. 

— The fortieth anniversary of the settlement of 
Hollanders at I'ella, Iowa, was celebrated on Au- 
gust 31st, and was a grand success. Rev. Wm. 
Motrdyk, well known for his efforts to instruct the 
Hollanders upon the lodge, is pastor here. Henry 
Hospers, Esq., of Orange City, Iowa, among others, 
delivered an eloquent address; Rev. E. Winter, of 
Grand Rapids. Mich., who was for eighteen years 
pastor of the I'irst Church of Pella, sent a letter of 
congratulation; J. Van 't Lindenhout, of the or- 
phanage at NeerboBch,Netherland8, sent a cablegram 
of kind wishes. There are six Reformed churches iq 

the settlement of Pella. From this settlement the 
colony of Hollanders in Sioux county, Iowa, went 
out, where they have nine churches. From Sioux 
county, Iowa, went forth the colony of Douglas 
county, Dakota, where they have two churches. 

— Dr. R. R. Meredith of Boston, who succeeds 
Dr. Pentecost in the pastorate of the Tompkins Ave- 
nue Congregational church, Brooklyn, is a native of 
Ireland, was educated in this country, was a captain 
in the war, and was in the Methodist ministry until 
1878, when he accepted a call to the Phillips Con- 
gregational church of Boston, which he left in 1883 
for the pastorate of the Union church in the same 
city. He received a salary of $7,000 from this 
church and $2,500 from his famous Bible class. 
His salary in Brooklyn will be $7,000. 

— The colored Baptists of Georgia will celebrate 
in June, 1888, the centenary of the founding of 
their first church, January 20, 1787, in that State. 
The celebration is postponed till June in order, we 
suppose, that it may be held in a tent. It is to last 
two weeks, and will take place in Savannah. A his- 
torical volume is to be issued. There are, as the re- 
sult of the century's work, 1,400 colored Baptist 
churches, 500 ministers, 2,000 licentiates, and 160,- 
000 members. 

— The immigration of Finns has been unusually 
large the past summer. They have settled in vari- 
ous places in New England, the West and the North- 
west. A new Finnish church (Lutheran) was recent- 
ly dedicated for these people in Ishpeming, Mich. 
At the dedicatory service selections of Scripture 
were read in Finnish, Norwegian, Swedish, German, 
English and Syrio-Chaldaic. The sermon was in 

— William Taylor, who is determined to establish 
a line of mission posts clear across Africa, from west 
to east, has established a new line of missions ex- 
tending seventy miles from the coast on the Cavalla 
River. They are seventeen in number, and the 
principal ones are at Eulileky, Yawki, Beaboo; Tobo, 
Tatepa, Gerrobo, Wamleka, Nahleky, Baraka, Gara- 
way, and Grand Sess. White men and women are 
asked by the natives as teachers in preference to 
natives. He has negotiated with the inland kings 
and chiefs for the establishment of industrial 
schools and missions along the banks of this river, 
and calls for workers to aid him. To each mission- 
ary and his wife a good-sized dwelling, ground and 
agricultural implements will be given. The mis- 
sionaries have been well received, and many requests 
for missions have been set aside for want of work- 

— The Thirty-fourth annual report of the Board 
Missions of the American branch of the United 
Brethren in Christ (Moravians), shows that in 1886 
more than $18,000 was expended on missions at 
home and in Africa and Europe. The collections 
were greater than in the year before, and an effort is 
to be made to raise $60,000 during the present ye&r. 
Among the gifts in 1886 was one of $5,000 from 
Mr. Rufus Clark of Denver, Colorado, to build a 
theological training school at Shaingay, in Africa, 
to be named after him and his wife. The school 
was opened last February with three students, be- 
sides five boys in the primary department. The 
African work has proceeded to the satisfaction of 
the secretary, the net increase in members at the 
sixteen stations having been 1,311 for the year mak- 
ing 3,940 in all. As compared with the results re- 
ported by the missionary societies of far more nu- 
merous communions, these are certainly very re- 

— On the 7th of August, in Ahuacuatilan, State 
of Guerrero, Mexico, Rev. Abraham Gomez, Miguel 
Cipriano and the wife of Felipe Zaragoza, all Pres- 
byterian missionaries, were cruelly murdered by a 
Roman Catholic mob, at the instigation of a rabid 
priest, and with the tacit permission of the authori- 

— During the eight years closing March 1, 1887, 
the American Sabbath-school Union established 173 
Sabbath-schools in the Indian Territory, containing 
973 teachers and 6,931 scholars. One missionary 
reports his work last year as having been among 
eleven tribes, speaking as many different dialects; 
namely, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Cherokees, Creeks, 
Seminoles, Pottawotomies, Caddoes, Wichitas, Kio- 
was, Comanches, and Apaches. 

— The Spanish governor came to Ponape,the largest 
of the Canary Islands, last March with fifty soldiers, 
six priests, and twenty-five convicts, and almost im- 
mediately began to encroach upon the premises and 
interfere with the missionrry work. Mr. Doane, 
American Missionary, after several ineffectual inter- 
views, sent him a written protest copiplainiog of this 

action, and describing it as arbitrary. At this the 
governor took offense, arrested Doane, and put him 
in close confinement on board a Spanish man-of-war 
in the harbor. All this was within a month of the 
arrival of the Spaniards. After three days the gov- 
ernor came to Mr. Doane, and, without the form of 
a trial, sentenced him to fifteen days' imprisonment 
because of the protest. At the end of fifteen days 
the governor informed him that he was to remain in 
confinement on other charges, but did not state what 
they were. For six weeks the governor paid no at- 
tention to the inquiries of Mr. Doane or of his 
American associates on the island as to the cause of 
such treatment. Then he sent word to Mr. Doane 
that within three days he was to be sent to Manilla, 
2,000 miles away, to be tried, but gave him no op- 
portunity to look after his personal property on 
shore, to find witnesses, or to confer with his asso- 
ciates. Dr. Smith, the Secretary of the American 
Board, says: "It seems this is Spanish justice to 
an American citizen. But this fact, with other things 
that have happened since the Spanish came to Ponape, 
the closing of some of the churches, and of all but 
one of the fifteen or twenty schools on the island, 
the silencing of some of the native preachers, the 
stealing and abuse of the native girls, the free flow 
of intoxicants, and we begin to see what the Spanish 
occupation of the Caroline Islands means for Chris- 
tianity and civilization there." 


Entering on Life. A book for young men. By Cunningham 
Glekie, D. D., author of the "Life and Words of Christ," 
'•Hours with the Bible," etc. Pp. 224. Price 40 cts. John B. 
Alden, New York. 

It is long since we have taken up a volume dedi- 
cated to young men and noted with such pleasure 
its purpose and execution. Dr. Giekie is one of the 
very ablest writers on Bible history, and naturally 
he has put the chapter on Christianity in the very 
center of the volume. Chapters on "Youth," "Char- 
acter," "Companions," "Success," lead up to it; and 
the titles "Helps," "Reading," "Dreams," "Farewell" 
follow. Unlike some American volumes, attract- 
ively written yet of little depth and merit, this vol- 
ume does not boast that it gives the rules for suc- 
cess in life; yet it gives them most reliably. The 
style is peculiar and a study. It is rare to find a 
work of such epigrammatic character. Each sen- 
tence may be taken out of its setting and studied like 
an axiom. In the chapter on "Character" we read: 

"Character, if well-nigh alone, still commands our 
respect and love, in spite of many defects or weak- 
nesses. Intellect, like ice, is colorless; no one has 
more of it than the devil. Power, eloquence, exact 
morals, so far as the world sees, knowledge, and 
Ahithophel's wisdom, may dazzle or awe, but may 
after all count for little in our estimate of their 
possessors; but goodness has our homage and our 
hearts. It makes up for many wants. All the 
world loves my Uncle Toby; and what is it that 
makes us reverence little children? The image of 
God is the same whatever reflects it, and nothing can 
make up for its absence. 

"A good name is one of the few honors which all 
men alike desire. Flattery cannot court a monarch 
with anything beyond it, and the humblest think 
themselves still rich if they retain it. Hypocrisy is 
the homage that worthlessness pays it. Vice makes 
a mask of the skin of Virtue, and whitens its sep- 
ulchres laboriously. There is no sin but seeks to 
cheat the world by an alias, and hardly a sinner who 
does not cheat himself by apologies and mitiga- 
tions. We are all saints by daylight and in public. 
Men who seem insensible to shame in youth, often 
affect severity in later life; meanness often gives 
way in age to the love of praise, and seeks, if not 
sooner, at least in dying, to gain the poor consola- 
tion of a posthumous character. 

The book is full of beauties and excellencies. We 
most heartily recommend our young readers to fore- 
go some trifling luxury and buy this book. Read it 
again and again. 

In the October number of Scrihner's Hagazine Profes- 
sor N S. Shaler contributes another paper in his series 
relating to the surface of the earth and allied topics en- 
titled "Caverns and Cavern Life." Professor Shaler de- 
scribes the various groups of caverns, clearly explaining 
how each variety has been produced. He also gives some 
useful hints about explorations, and discusses the modifi- 
cations of animal structure produced by living in caves. 
The many illustrations show picturesque views of noted 
caverns, grottos, lava caves, and sea chasms. The num- 
ber contains a timely and thoughtful paper on "Munici- 
pal Governments," by Gamaliel Bradford, which traces 
the causes of existing evils in the government of our cit- 
ies, and suggests some remedies "The Paris School of 
Fine Arts" is the most richly illustrated article; and a 
paper describing the additions which are being all the 
while unconsciously made to our colloquial language 
from the r^npbmen's dialect closes the number. 

September 2d, IBSi 



Lodge Notes. 

The grand sepRion of the SelectEnights 
Ancient Order United Workmen met in 
Springfield, 111. A "military" bill was 
adopted by a majority of three votes after 
a heated debate. It provides that the en- 
tire military authority shall be vested in 
the Supreme Legion. 

A meeting under the auspices of the 
Sons of Ireland, a new dynamite society, 
was held at Cooper Union Sept. 21. 
About 400 people were present. Violent 
speeches were made by Professor Mezze- 
roff, the Russian nihilist, and others, and 
an address was circulated declaring con- 
stitutional agitation and appealing for 
funds to support Mezzeroff's Dynamite 
College, whose object is to prepare young 
Irishmen to free Ireland by blowing up 
London and other English cities. 

The Supreme Legion of the A. 
O. U. W. of the world convened in 
biennial session in Knights of Py- 
thias hall, St. Paul. This body represents 
the military branch of the order of Unit- 
ed Workmen, and extends over the great- 
er part of the United States and Canada. 
All members of this branch of the order 
are eligible to sit in the deliberations of 
the body.though the business is transact- 
ed by the Supreme Legion proper, which 
consists of the supreme officers. During 
the year the order has been extended into 
Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Tennessee, and 
Florida. The twenty-three new legions 
added 539 members. The total number 
of legions July, 1887. was 473. The to- 
tal membership was 12,317. 

The Chinese residents of San Francis- 
co, Cal., had a remarkable pnrade Friday 
in honor of their idol. Tan Wong,recent- 
ly brought from China The parade was 
of oriental magnificence, but was con- 
fined to the streets and alleys of China- 
town. The costumes, banners and orient- 
al weapons incident to the march were 
brought from China especially for this 
occasion. There were 1,000 Chinamen 
and numerous Chinese women on richly 
caparisoned horses in line. The women 
wore long silken gowns, and at their side 
walked attendants, holding high over 
their heads banners of gold. The men 
in the procession carried antique war im 
plements, long gilt maces elaborately 
carved, and swords or spears, around 
whose points were coiled gilt lizards, 
snakes and flaming dragons. A number 
of tall banners that floated twenty feet in 
the air preceded another heavily armed 
battalion of Celestials attired in brightest 
yellow and carrying weapons, no two of 
which were alike. Immediately preced- 
ing the mighty Joss, Tan Wong, was a 
band of musicians sounding huge gongs 
and kettle drums, while a body of can- 
noniers kept up a constant fusilade of 
fire crackers. Twelve worshipers clad in 
light yellow carried Tan Wong in a huge 
ohair. About the idol and behind trod 
attendant priests in long black satin 
robes. They were accompanied by bear- 
ers, whose censers were hung from the 
ends of long red poles. Following Tan 
Wong was a dragon 175 feet long, the 
most gorgeous ever seen in America.This 
was supported by sixty worshipers. The 
monster opened its mouth, writhed its 
body, and, by appliances known only to 
Chinese, kept "p an appearance of life. 
The idol was placed in the joss house to- 
day to be worshiped. 


A clergyman, after years of suffering 
from that loathsome disease, catarrh, and 
vainly trying every known remedv, at 
last found a prescription which complete- 
ly cured and saved him from death. Any 
sufferer from this dreadful disease send- 
ing a self addressed stamped envelope to 
Prof. J. A. Lawrence, 212 East 9th St., 
New York, will receive the recipe free of 

Any one wanting fine guns of best make 
and material should send and obtain cat- 
alogue of specialties from the old and re- 
liable firm, Schoverling, Daly & Qale8,84 
Chambers St., New York City. 







ContnlnlUB the alenn. Rrlpii, pnnswonU, emtilomn, etc. 
•f Frei-masonry (Blue Loui{>M»n<l totlic fimrlconlli cln 
(tri-coftlu' Vorkrllf). Atlopllvc M.i»i>iiry. lirvlscd 
~ ■ -■" — I hi- To 


0<\il-f<-llow«lifp. Ocx'O TempliirTuni. 

I'dllpll' of 

Honor, ttic Unltpd .Sonn of Inilimlry. Knfirliin of I'yih 
lainndflio OratinP.wltli iiffldnvlm. olc. I>\ tT'i"<)riilH, 
99 piiKOH, piipiT i-.iviT. VtU-- r. iiMils; fiio iirrdozi-c. 
For ualo In- the >i»tional Chrlntian AmbocIw- 
tlon, at Head-quarter* for Antl-8e .eoj 
Llteratnr*. a»lW. K*<tlion St. Ohle <•. 


The following have made remittances 
of money to the Cynosure from Sept. 19 
to 24 inclusive. 

W M Boyd, W Williams. I P Bennett. 
M G Strong, D D Heal. B Williams, M 
Plummer, G Clayton, P Kribs, W P Nor- 
ris, Th Helvig, T W Palmer, J Ball, L 
Davis. J Hodges, J T Buckley.S A Finch, 
H H Blakelv, H H Medgorden, A EUis.D 
McKee, J H Canfield.J Powars, G Swan- 
son, Jr. A A Hauser, W B Guild, B L 
Read, A Lent, R Mansfield, T Freeman. 

The time is near for buying holiday 
presents. If you preserve the Cynosure 
of Sept. 8th you will have The Literary 
Revolution list of Jno. B. Alden's books 
to select from. Well printed, well bound 
and cheap are valuable qualities. 

For the next four weeks a sample 
number of the Cynosure will be sent to 
any address FREE. In sending in a list 
of names of those to whom you wish the 
paper sent, be careful to write name, 
postoffice, county and State, so that it 
can be read easily and correctly. 


Will be furnished to those who desire in- 
formation or who will distribute them 
where they will do the most good. 

There are in stock now a large number 


This is especially interesting to ladies. 
"to the boys who hope to be men." 

It is illustrated and will please the 
school children. 


You can always get the attention of 
farmers or men who are interested in 
horses with this tract. 


leads Christians to separation. 

A limited number of two new tracts 
will be sent to any who need them. 


Remember these tracts will be sent you 
freely. But any who wish to contribute 
to this Free Tract Fund are earnestly re- 
quested to do so. 

Ought you not, once a year at least, to 
put a tract into each one of your neigh- 
bor's houses? Will you send for a supply 

National Christian Association, 
221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 



Wheatr-No. a 69)i@ 70)^ 

No. 3 6« 69 

Winter No 8 71 @ 715^ 

Corn-No. a 40Xa A\% 

Oats— No.a 35 O 27% 

Rye^No. a 47 

Branperton 11 ."JO 

Hay— Timothy 9 .50 @14 7.5 

Butter, medium to best 16 & 34 

Cheese 07 @ \5 

Beans 125 g 3 40 

Bee^TlmoOiy. ".'.*.'.' !!.'.'.".'.'! 3 05 Q 3 2.s 

Flax 1 "7 

Broomcom — ^H® 07 

Potatoee per bus 75 ^ 80 

Hides— Green to dry flint 07>i@ 13 

Lumber— Conunon 11 00 Q18 00 

Wool 10 @ 34 

Cattle— Choice to extra 4 60 @ 5 25 

Common to good 1 20 a 4 50 

HoKB 3 75 & 5 15 

Sheep 8 50 ^ 4 40 


Flour 380 a660 

Wheat— Winter 77 @ &S>^ 

Spring 70 

Com 60X@ 61?; 

Oats 32 <a <0 

Igga. .»«.•..••• * Ifi 

Butter 1« ® 25 

Wool 0» 87 


Cattle.^«Hi..^^.iH...^^..^^ 1 30 a 4 SO 

Hogt ,-,r-, 8 35 a 5 00 

Vffn . -- 8 00 #3 50 





Thecubimt orean wat \u- 
trodiiced ill ItH pn-xiit fonn 
bv Mm-nn Jb Hamlin in 1)401. 
Other DiiikiTH followed In 
the mnniifiicturn of thumt 
InHtniraentii, hot the Mason & Hsinliii Orfpinii have 
nlwuvH maiDtalued their Hupremacy on the best In 
the world. 

Maxon Jfc Ilamlin offer. a/< demonKtration of the 
tinenualed excellence of their orKan«, the fact that 
lit all of the in'eat World's Exhibltlonn. since that at 
I'ariii. IH07, in coDipvtition with best makcni of all 
coiintrieM, they have invariat>ly taken the highest 
honors. Illustrated catulotfues free. 

Mason & Hamlin's Piano 

Stringer was introduced by 

them in 188'2, aud has been 

pronounced by experts tlie 

^•^H^^^^^^^^B -' greatest improvemunt in 

|iia:ios in half a century." 

A circular, conlainint; testimonials from three 

hundred purchasers, musicians, and tuners, sent, 

toL'etlier with descriplivecatalo^^e, to any appi leant. 

Pianos and Organs sold fur cash or cany paymeuta; 

Ill8U TMUUiA. 


1 54 Tremont St., Boston. 46 E. 1 4th St. ( Union S<).), N.Y. 
1 49 Wabath Ave.. Chicago. 




With Practical Notes od the Books 
of Scripture. 

Deiigrned for Miniatera, Local Preachers, 8. 
S. leacheri, and all Christian Workers. 

Chapter I.— DLSerent Methods of Bible 

Chapter II. — Rules of Interpretation. 

Chapter III.— Interpretations of Bible Types 
and Symbols. 

Chapter IV.— Analysis of the books of the 

Chapter V. — Miscellaneous Helps. 

Cloth, 184 pages, price poetpala, 50 cents. 

Address, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

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Card Photographs. 



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Sing the Reform 
Into the Hearts of the People 

One of the most popular booka against 
lodgery 1b the latest compilation of 

George W. Clark, 

a?he AlinStrel of Reforms 

A forty-page book of soul-etlrrlng, conscience- 
awakening songs, appropriate for lectures, 
conventions and the home circle. What can 
add more to the Interest of a meeting than a 
song well sung! What means wUl more quick 
ly overthrow the power of the secret lodges 
than to Blng the truth Into the popular con 
science 1 

Qet this little work and use it tor God and 
home and country. Forty pages. 

Price 10 cents, postpaid. Address, 

National Christian Association, 
221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 



Secret Societies. 


A warning to the traveler and the 
unwary and a key to many mysteries 
— serviceable for lK»th secretists and 
anti-secretists. "To be forewarneti is 
to be forearmetl." 

A sensation but a fact. Read and 
be convinced. Nine Illustrations. 

Postpaid, 15 cents. 
national christian a.ssociation. 

Sm W. MadUoa St.. Chloaco. 

Obtained, and all VATE^T i<t.>/Ai.>.> al- 
ton<le<l to for MODKHATK FKkS Our offico u 
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tain I'litenl.'i in less lime than iho*- remote (rom 
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C.A SNOwaco 

OppoilU tatcnlOffiCf. Ululnrfj'.'jn, Li C. 

Imm or Im. hmm. 

The Full Illustrated Ritual>Wa TBI 

'^ Unwritten Work" 

Historical Sketch of the Order. 
Price 2S Cents. 


221 West MadlBon Street.CHICAGO. 




BT 08CAB 7. LUKBT, PH. D. 

Prof. Ltunry's book, "National Suicide and 
Its Remedy," will be read with prodt even by 
those who do not accept Its doctrine, that tkk 
Ing interest for money loaned, one or more per 
cent, is sin, taking eomethfnK for nothing. 
For, as aoldamith said of his Vicar of Wake- 

K'en hlj faUlax* lean to Tlnae'i dde. 

Dr. Lumry Is a man of ideas and never fails 
to make his readers understand just what they 
are. Every sentiment he writes has such an 
air of honesty that it will In a measure dlaarm 
those who read to criticise. It is a good book 
to set people to thinking, whether they believe 
his theories or not. The book is well worth a 
careful reading and study.— /»t/<T Ocean, 

On all the points named they differ radically 
from those wnich prevail in the organization 
of society. Either they are true or false. It 
1b a curious fact that all of them have been 
stigmatized as crazy, and yet nearlv all of 
them have been for some years steadily gain- 
ing the adherence of men of intellectual abil- 
ity.— rir?»«. 

Price, postpHld, Cloth boand, 01 .OO, i*»- 
per bound, 7S centa. 

AddreH, W. I. PHILLIPS. 

ta W. MaiiUon St.. Chleaco. Illi 

The Master's Carpet. 


"Fl. I^onayne. 

Pant Saatvr of Kryrtionp I.odc<. Ko. SaW 

Ezplalmi the true source and meanlna of c>T«r> 
eer«imony and symlml of the Ixidgo, thuo «nowliij; tha 
principles on wbiob the or<l(<r !• T lu » 

carrful pi-ruKtl of thin work, > ii kJi 

kiiowltHltrc of thx i>riucipli>« of ih<> in . .t. 

talue<l than l>)- atttuiaiuti thi< lAhlm. f,ir ^, r.vorj 
Mowon. evrrr person o«ut>-iiiplntiuii becomlnc a 
mt>ml>er. aixl even Ihoee mho mro liiJlflTerenl on the 
■ubjwt, sboiild procure and carttfulljr read IhU work. 
An appendix !• addi<d o( 32 p««ee. embody Ing 

Freeniasonrjr at a Glance, 

..bloh rlT«« ereiT 'l^n. Krip and ceremonj of vbe 
Lodre toge'ber witb a brief explanaUoo of each, 
rbe work ooD'alns iH iiatnw and is eubatanUaUv 
aud vl»aaDli7 liound lu cloth. Price, 75 c«nta. 

National Christian Associstion, 

Wil W. MmdlMsi NC. Cblc«co. ill. 



I'ant ^liiHtrr oT HrjNtonr I..o«lKr, 
Xo. tUlU, t'hirn«o. 

A ninnterly dieruaalon of Ihr Ontba of the Mamole 

U^llTo.lo vrhl.-l' 1. ". ■■■I.I ■•►■■....,.,«.,.., r> .t • 

Ulan.-..." ill.- 

nion> nf the ^ r 

i^'.nilil.Mi.l.Mn \ .'■ f , '.lie 

t.«M.t arKuni'Mits on ttu- imturi- aud rra©- 

(pr .>t Maxoul.- I l<lt,;Htioiis of auj book to print. 
Paper covor. 'Xn patttMt. Price, tO cents. 

National Christian Association, 

^»l l^MtaiMliMB Hi. CklMkCO, IIL 



September 29, 1887 

Fasm Notes. 


The study of the subject of food ele- 
ments, and their relation to the animal 
system has been greatly neglected. Of 
late years science has been doing much in 
this line of work, but there is a great 
deal to be done yet. Although the ani- 
mal body is so complex in structure, yet 
chemistry has divided it in a general way 
into nitrogenous, non- nitrogenous and 
mineral matters. Since these substances 
are continually being destroyed in the 
body in forming materials for growth, in 
generating heat and in producing force, 
it is necessary that the animal should re- 
ceive substances similar to those destroy- 
ed, so that these may be assimilated by 
the tissues and fluids of the body to re 
place those lost and to enable the vital 
actions to continue. 

Relatively to size, the horse has a small- 
er stomach than any other of our domes- 
tic animals. This makes it necessary that 
he must feed frequently.digest promptly, 
and have a rich material in a small bulk, 
thus adapting him especially to perform 
rapid work. In a state of nature he is 
under no necessity of eating too much at 
any one time.but replenishes the stomach 
lightly and at frequent intervals through- 
out the day. There is no overloading, 
nor overtasking the organ, and no ex- 
treme exertion upon a full stomach 
which so often takes place in the domes- 
ticated condition. Even in domestication 
a horse will maintain excellent health on 
the natural grasses, fresh or made into 
hay; but when he ia placed under the 
saddle or in the harness and subjected to 
work, we take him from his natural state 
and the same feeding will not longer 
meet the demands of the system. — Amer- 
ican Agriculturist. 


Kindness with the family horse is of the 
utmost importance. Always cultivate an 
acquaintance, and be on social and friend- 
ly terms with him. If he is tired and 
worn out it is astonishing how these little 
attentions will.encourage and cheer him 
up. When not in use he should be given 
a reasonable amount of daily exercise. 
No animal will do, well without exercise. 
It promotes a good action of their limbs, 
and assists digestion. The harness should 
be made to fit, thus avoiding chafes and 
bruises. Iq cold weather the lips and 
tongue of the horse may be made very 
sore by contact with the frozen bit. The 
bit should always be warmed before be- 
ing placed in the horse's mouth. Flies 
are very annoying to horses, and the use 
of the net or some preparation that will 
keep flies away is well repaid. 

Care in driving is of the greatest im- 
portance. How often do we see an ani- 
mal driven until wet with perspiration 
and dotted with foam standing without 
blanket or protection of any kind from 
the cold northern winds. When in such 
condition, he evidently sufliers intensely; 
besides the danger of contracting diseas- 
es, from which he will never recover. If 
any law on our statute book should be 
more rigidly enforced than another, it is 
the one against fast driving. When in 
use blankets should always be provided 
in cold weather, so that they will dry 
without chilling. Protect them from 
drafta when warm, and either rub down 
or let them stand in a stable where cold 
air cannot strike them. — American Ag- 


A horse with goggles was one of the 
attractions of the CJinton Square market 
place Saturday afternoon. The Manlius 
farmer who owned him said he discover- 
ed recently that the animal was near- 
sighted, and an oculist took the necessa- 
ry measurements, and sending to New 
York, had a pair of concave spectacles 
made expressly for Dobbin. When the 
farmer tried them for the first time the 
horse appeared to be startled, but recov- 
ering from his surprise manifested every 
symptom of pleasure. They are made so 
as to be firmly fastened in the headstall, 
and cin not be worn without that piece 
of harness. "When I turn him out to pas- 
ture," said the farmer, "ho feels uneasy 
and uncomfortable without his giggles, 
and last Sunday he hung around the 
barn and whinnied so plaintive like that 
I took out the bit and put the headstall 
and goggles on him, and he was so glad 
that he rubbed my shoulder with his 
nose. Then ho kicked up his heels and 
danced down to the pasture. You ought 

to have seen him. I hate to let him wear 
specs all the time though,for fear he will 
break them." — Bridgeport /Standard. 


Mr. Stephen Beale, an English author- 
ity on poultry has this to say about keep- 
ing pcultry that depredate on neighbors: 

•'It will be conceded at once that whilst 
every one has a right to keep fowls,no one 
has a right to do so at the expense of the 
comfort or health of others. And as soon 
as it is found that thev become a nuisance 
in any way, then the law at once steps in 
and says that this must not be, nor is it 
fair to expect that it should be so. Poul- 
try keeping in towns is a luxury, and 
even if the law permits the carrying on of 
a business though it is annoying to neigh- 
bors, it does not go so far as to defend 
luxuries in this way. Therefore we may 
only keep fowls so long as our doing so 
does not intrude upon the comfort or 
rights of our neighbors, and if it can be 
be proved that by our doing so either one 
or the other is infringed, then if they like 
to defend themselves they can compel us 
to put a stop to what is a nuisance to 
them. In a country district this would 
be somewhat difflcut to do.but in a town 
both reason and truth can soon be 
worked upon, and several cases show that 
the law is as we have stated." 


With Eighteen Military Diagrams 

As Adopted and Promulgated by the 

Sovereign Grand Lodge 


Independent Order of Odd-Fellows, 

At Baltimore, Maryland, Sept. 24th, 1885. 

Compiled and Arranged by John C. TTnder^^ 

Lieutenant General. 




Historical Sketch and Introduction 

By Pres't J. Blanchard, of WJieaton College. 

25 cents each. 

For Sale by the National Christian Association. 

3S1 W«st Madiaon St.. CMcaasi 


Containing some Sixty PROHIBITION, be- 
sides many Patriotic, Social, Devotional and 
Miscellaneous Songs. The whole comprising 



By the well-known 

G-eo. "W. Clark. 


The collection Is Dedicated to HUMANITY 
HAPPY HOMES, against the CRIME »nd 

SiNGU Copt 80 Cknts. 
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821 W. Madison Street- Chicago. 



Old Age and How to Enjoy It 

A most appropriate gift book for "The Old 
Folks at Home." 

Compiled by REV. 8. 0. LATHBOF. 

Tntrodactlon by 
(Bdttor N. W. Cbrlattan Advocate.) 

The oMect of this volume Is to give to that ereat 
army who are taut himtenliKc toward the "i?real be- 
yond some prncilciil hlnlB and helps aR to the best 
WHy tomakc Ihu moBt of the remainder of the life 
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life that Ib to come. 

"It la a tribute to the Chrlitlanlty that honors the 
ifray bead and refuses to consider the oldish man a 
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such numerous and pure fountains, they can but af- 
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aged traveller to the great, beyond."— Witness. 

Price, boand In rich cloth, 400 pages, SI. 

Address, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

381 W. Madlaon St., Chicago, lU. 


By tlie DRomian Catli- 
olic Clmr-ch.. 

A Moral Mystery how any Friend of Relig- 
ions Liberty conld Consent to "Band 
over Ireland to Farnellite Bnle." 

By Rev. John Lee, A. M., B. D- 

General Vincoimt Wolseley: "Interesting." 

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Christian Cynosure: "It deserves a wide cir- 
culation at the present time." 

Bishop Coxe, Protestant Episcopal, of West- 
ern New York: "Most useful publication; a 
logical sequel to 'Our Country,' by Josiah 

Emile De Laveleye of Belgium, the great pub- 
licist: "I have read with the greatest interest 
your answer to Cardinal Manning. I think 
Rome's encroachments in the United States 
ought to be carefully watched and resisted." 

Rev. C. C. 3lcCabe, D. D.: "It is a useful 
book and ought to have a wide sale. You are 
dealing with a question which will soon domi- 
nate every other in American politics. The 
Assassin of Natioiu is in our midst and is ap- 
proaching the Temple of Liberty with stealthy 
tread. The people of this country will under- 
stand the Belfast frenzy some day better than 
they do now." 

the Right Hon. Lord Robert Montague: "I 
have read It with' the greatest pleasure, and 
with amazement at the intimate acquaintance 
with the acts of Romanism in our midst which 
you have evinced. I only wish that, instead 
of publishing your pamphlet in Chicago, you 
had sown it broadcast over England, Scotland 
and Ireland." 

pkice. postpaid, 25 cents. 

National Christian Association, 
221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

The Christian's Secret 


A. E[apr>y ILife. 

Baptist Commendation. 

"We are delighted with this book. It reaches to 
the very core of Christian experience, and is emi- 
nently experimental In Its teachings. It meets the 
doubts and difficulties of conscientious seekers after 
the bread and water of life, but whose efforts result 
only in alternate failure and victory. The author, 
without claiming to be a theologian, sends out the re- 
sults of a happy and rich experience to help others 
Into a happy Cnrlstlan life."— Baptist Weekly. 

Presbyterian Endorsement. 

"The book is so truly and reverentially devout in 
Its spirit that It disarms criticism. It contains so 
much that is sound and practical, so much that, if 
heeded, will make our lives better, happier and more 
useful, that the intelligent reader who really wishes 
to lead a life 'hid with Christ In God' can scarcely fall 
to derive profit from Its perusal."— Interior. 

Metbodist Word of Praise. 

"We have not for years read a book with more de- 
light and profit. It is not a theological book. No ef- 
fort is made to change the theological views of any 
one. The author has a rich experience, and tells It In 
a plain and delightful manner."- Christian Advocate. 

United Brethren's Approval. 

"We have seldom met with a more interesting vol- 
ume, abounding throughout with apt Illustrations; 
we have failed to find a dry line from title-page to 
finis."- Religious Telescope. 

Congregational Comment. 

"It contains much clear, pungent reasoning and in- 
teresting incident. It is a practical and experiment- 
al lesson taught out of God's word, and Is worthy of 
universal circulation."- Church Union. 

This enlarged edition Is a beautiful large 12mo vol- 
ume of 240 pages. 

Price, In cloth, richly stamped, 75 cts. 

Address, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago, III. 

Baccalaureate Sermon, 


Is the religions, as the Washington speech was 
the political, basis of the antl-eecret reform. 
Several hundred, in pamphlet, can be had at 
two cents |one postage stamp] each, or ten for 
ten cents in stamps. Please order soon, fo' 
Colleges, Seminaries, and High Schools. 

Five Dollar 

LI BR, -A. It Y, 

**The Broken Seal." 

"The Master's Carpet." 

"In the Coils, or The Comina Conflict." 

•' The Character, Claims ana Practical Work- 
ings of Freemasonry," by Pres. C. Q. Finney. 

'■^Revised Odd-fellowship;" the secreti, to- 
gether with a discussion of the character ol 
the order. 

"Freemasonry lUustraied;" the secrets 4 
first seven degrees, together with a discussl^. 
of their character. 

'^Sermons and Addresses on Secret Societies;" 
a valuable collection of the best arguments 
against secret orders from Revs. Cross, Wil- 
liams, McNary^ Dow, Sarver, Drury, Prof. J, 
Q. Carson, ana Preats. Oeor^e and Blanchard 

National Christian Association. 

■SI W. MmUmt St^ fJUmmm, UL 


OR — 

Jhe Coming Conflict 






"All will agree that this is a powerfully writtan 
story." — Evangelist, (Chicago, Ills.) 

" A book which we trust may have a wide circula- 
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" So intensely interesting did I find it that it was 
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work places the author high among the writers of fic- 
tion."— TK. IF. Barr, D. D. »« Ohrittian Instructor, (Phil- 
adelphia. ) 

"" Unless we are greatly mistaken, the work will do 
more \o awaken the American churc'a and people to 
the evils of Freemasonry than any other book re- 
cently published." — Evangelical ReposUory. 

" The book will create a sensation in Masonic cir- 
cles, and evoke criticism of a most relentless character. 
The courage of the author in attacking such a rock- 
rooted bulwark as Freemasonry is somtithiLgto admire, 
Fanatic though he be." — Nebraska Wat hnuin. 

" Light is needed on this suliject end needed badly, 
and we welcome this contribntiou to tlie literature of 
anti-secretiem, and cordially commend it to the favor- 
able attention of our readers." — UnUed Presbyttnan, 

" A charming work, fit to be classed with ' Cnclo 
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volume is as valuable as a work of refi-rence as it is 
agreeable, truthful and useful. Our young folks will 
not leave the book, if they begin it, till they 'see how 
it turns out.' " — Oynomre, (Chicago, Ills.) (» 

Thick paper, beautifuly bound, 362 pages, sent to 
sny address for $1,60. AGENTS WANTED. 

National Christian Association. 

R?l W-. Ma>/3fjs®« S*r, '0>/(»T/B/w, 151, 


Anl lor ilnsG Dealliis witn EnnolrenL 


M.A. 52d thousand (overgOOOOO sold In England). 
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6e a winner of souls, or to place In the bands or toe 
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THE "WAY TO GOD, and How/T- 
Find It. ByD. L.Moody. 148 pages, 12mo, dOtH 

60 cts. tnaper, 80 cts. . ,_ 

- The Way of Salvation Is made as clear at sJmWJ 
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"Tlie way life Is obtained, the way to servo In tt« 
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pared by D. L. Moody. 45th thousand. A tteaOM 

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Truths for Anxious Souls. By Robert B.>ya. 

C.D. 64 pages and cover. Price. 15 cents. 

"For simplicity. Clearness and force of statMneat 
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moflt."— Interior. 

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The wriierof this delightfully Interesting work "St* 
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ItlltI.e HEADINGS. ByBilcira and Elliott 
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Septebtbisb 29, 1887 



Home and Health. 


Sleep, if taken at the right moment, 
will prevent an attack of nervous head- 
will prevent an attack of nervous head- 
ache. If the subjects of such headaches 
will watch the symptoms of its coming 
they will notice it begins with a feeling 
of weariness or heaviness. This is the 
time when a sleep of an hour, or even nature guides, will effectually pre- 
vent headache. If not taken just then it 
will be too late; for after the attack is 
fairly under way, it is impossible to get 
to sleep till far into the night, perhaps. 
It has become so common in these days 
for doctors to object to their patients be- 
ing awakened to take medicine if they 
are asleep when the hour comes around, 
that people have learnt the lesson pretty 
well, and they generally know that sleep 
is better than medicine. Sleep is also a 
wonderful preventive of disease — better 
than tonic regulators and stimulants- 


"More than two-thirds of the deaths 
from poison could be avoided if men and 
women would only acquaint themselves 
with the simple remedies always at hand 
in every well regulated household " 

The speaker was a house surgeon at a 
city hospital. "I see the names of six per- 
sons on this record of mine whom I know 
might have been saved had their friends 
or the police known what to do, "he con- 
tinued. "All six died because too much 
time was lost in notifying the police,call- 
ing an ambulance, and in getting the suf- 
ferers to the hospital. Paris green, rough 
on rats and laudanum seem to be the fav- 
orite poisons for suicide. For each of 
these poisons an antidote can be found in 
almost every household. The chief points 
in cases of poisoning are to encourage 
vomiting and thus get rid of the sub- 
stance; to counteract the poisons by an- 
tidotes, and to check death by the use of 
stimulants and artificial respiration. 

"Rough on rats is simply arsenic. 
Hardly a day passes but some one sui- 
cides by its use. If on discovering that 
this poison has been taken the sufferer is 
given one or two raw eggs, and the eggs 
are followed up with large draughts of 
tepid water into which a tablespoonful 
of salt or mustard has been thrown, the 
stomach will usually throw the poison 
off. These, supplemented by a dose of 
castor oil, sweet oil or milk to offset the 
action of the poison, will usually save 
the life of the patient. The same treat- 
ment is the one to be followed when Par- 
is green, opium, morphine, paregoric or 
laudanum is the poison used. When 
opium, morphine, paregoric or laudanum 
is swallowed it is well to give a cup of 
strong black coffee after the emetic, to 
apply cold water to the head and neck, 
and lo prevent sleep. These poisons rep- 
resent the majority of those taken by ac- 
cident or by persons intent on suicide. 
When tartar emetic is taken, after en- 
couraging is well to give milk 
and strong tea to drink. When poisons 
like mineral acids are used — such as aqua 
fortis and oil of vitrol — after an emetic 
solutions of soda, magnesia, and even of 
plaster scraped from the wall can be used 
with good effect. Oxalic and carbolic 
acid calls for the same treatment afCer 
using a little dour and water, the white 
of an egg, or castor oil in order to protect 
the gullet and walls of the stomach. 
When poison like ciustic potash, soda or 
lime is used, administer vinegar, lemon or 
orange juice in water, emetics and 
oil. If puosphorus is taken, like the ends 
of matches, for instance, keep up the 
vomiting and administer big doses of 
magnesia in water. Oils in such cases 
must not be used. For corrosive subli- 
mate administer the white of an egg, Hour 
and water, or milk, and then the emetic. 
In poisoning from chloroform or illumi- 
nating gas, let the patient have fresh air, 
loosen ihii clothing and dash cold water 
about the face and neck. 

"All of these antidotes are, as a rule, 
always at hand, and if used will almost 
every time save the life of the patient 
and greatly facilitate the work of the 
physician when the case comes under his 
care." — If. i'. Kvening Sun. 

' '■ 



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Freemasonry Illustrated. A complete 
exposition of the seven dvRrees of the Blue Lodge 
and Chapter. Profuacly llluutrated. A historical 
sketch of the Institution and a critical aonlyals of 
thi! character of each dogrcc, byPrest. J. Ulnnch- 
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exposition and show the character of Masonic teicb- 
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b the latest, most accurate and complete exposl- 
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one hundred Illustrations — several of them full 
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Ex-Presldent John Qnlcoy Adams' 

Lettkrs on the Nature of Masonic Oaths, Obliga- 
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Appcudlx giving obligations of Masonry, and enable 
Introduction. This is one of the most telling antt- 
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Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. wiuiam 
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Masonio Oaths Null and Void; or. Free- 
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Oollegre Secret Societies. Their custor i. 
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Thirteen Reasons why a Christian should 
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The Mystic Tie, or freemasonry a 

Lkaoub wiTU TUK Ubvil. This Is an account of 
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Knlirht Templarism Illustrated. A fur 

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In the Coils; or, the Coming Conflljt. 

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Light on Freemasonry, ny KWer u. 

IleiiiiiJil. '1 o w liich 1^ ii|)peiKled ",\ Revelation of 
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beoret SocletieB, Ancient and Modern. 

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Webster's Deference to Hasonry, .. Jrlef Outline of 
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General Wasninerton Opposed to 8»- 

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Gl-rand Lodge Masonry. Its relation to 
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The Master's Carpet, or Masonry ana Baal 
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Masonry a Work of Darkness, adverse 
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freemasonry Self-Condemned. By Rer 

J. W. Bain. A careful and logical stat ;ment ot 
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Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. A fan 

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The Broken Seal: or Personal Remlnlscencsa 
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E!xpo3ltion of the Orange. Edited by Re> 

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Good Templarism lUusti atsd. A fnll am 
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Oaths and Penalties of the 33 I>e- 

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Remlnisconoes of Morfran Times, 'j 

Eld' r liHvlit Hi rti.inl. mit.iorof Bernard's Light oa 
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loasonrr- tO oasts rvsbi per dossn. II. •& 

Freemasonry Contrary to the Chris- 

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Secret Societies. A discussion or tbetr ekJt • 
Slier aad da m- . ;. IJev I>svld McDIlI. Prest. J. 
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•JCperdos. I&n. Psp.-rr4>vrr lOc. Perdoi.8U& 

Prof. J. O. Carson, C D., on Secret 

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th.' 1 ' 

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Narrativr ---^ Arr-.-- r'^ — nt 

coufl!'.'. i/f I" 1 

a. I uw, ,t . 

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History Nat'I Cbiistlan Association 

Its origin, .Alects, what It > - "■> ■■■••■- ■■, ij. 

Bud the beat mean* to ai- 
the Articles of locorpora' 
<*wsof the Asso'ClatloD. Z.^.. - ^.u. i-r,- uu*. »l.ia. 

Blttials and Secrets Illustrated, com 

po".-.l i,f "'r..:',..!" "f ll'Ti'.!- ir.-T.-.t.-d," "Adop- 
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ij ."ti<-s llla»- 


Revised Odd-fellowship lUnstrated. 

The complite revised rlual of the L'j'Ji;' . K:,;ariip- 
ment and lietiekah (ladies') degrees, c- 
trated, and guiiri>nte<-d to Ijc strlciiy n U 

asketchof the origin, history and cf. ' -be 

order, over one hundred foot-note quutAilun* from 
standard authorities, showing Iho character and 
teachings of the order, end an analysts of each de- 
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11.00; per dozen, 88.00. Paper eoTer, 00 eenU; par 
dozen. 14.09. 

Odd-fellowship Judged by Its Own 

sme'i; It» Doctrine and I'ra'tbe Examined 
Light of Gods Word. By Key. J. H. Bro. 
This Is an exci-edlngiV Inien'itlng, clear dlm-u-"'.'! 
ot the character of UJ'1-felluwthlp, lu tbi'form of a 
dialogue. In cloth, 50 cents; per doien, 14. 00 
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Sermon on Odd-fellowship and Otber Se- 
cret Soclftles, by Rev. J. garrer, potior BvanQfl- 
iciil Lutheran church, Leethbarg. Pa. This Is a 
very clear argument against secretism of all forms 
and the duty to dlsfellowshlp Odd-fellows. Freema- 
sons, Knights ot Pyihlas and Granger* 1* clearly 
shown b} their confessed character as found la 
their own pnbUeattona 10 cants eaeb; per doisa 
■t e«Dtc 

Other Secret Society Rituals, 

Temple of Honor Illustrated. A toll and 
complete illustrated ritual of "The Templars ol 
Honor and Temperance," commonly caOed the 
Temple of Honor, a historical sketch of the order, 
and an analysis of its character. A complete ex- 
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grees of Love, Purity and Fidelity, by a Templar 
of Fidelity and Past Worthy CbliK Tsmplar. SO 
cents each; per dosen $2.00. 

Knights of Pythias Illastrated. By. 

Post Chancellor. A full lllustratetl cxpoiitlon of the 
three ranks of the order, with the addition of the 
"Amended, Perfected and Amplified Third Rank." 
The lodge-room, signs, ccunterslgns, grips, etc. 
are sho?m by engravlnss. 30 cent* each ; per dozen 
IS. 00. 

Sermon on Secret Societies. By Ber. 
Daniel Dow, Woodstock. Conn. The special o ( 
of this sermon Is to show the r'gbt and daiy 3. 
Christians to examine Into the character ot secret 
societies, no matter what object sacb societies pro- 
fess to have. I cents each ; per doiea, BO aiott> 

History of the Abduction and ICuraer 

orC'APr. Wm MoKaj.N As prepared by seven --om- 
mlltees or citizens, sppolnted to ascertain the fate 
ot Morgan. This twok rontalnt Icdlspoiable, lega< 
arldence that Freemasons abducted and murdered 
Wm. Mir^an. tor no other otenso than the revela- 
tion ot Masonry. It contain* the sworn leatlmoity 
Ot over twenty persons. Inclndlns Morgan's wttsi 
and no candid person, after reading this book, cas 
tonbi that many ot the most reapeotabta Freesaa* 
son* in the Empire State were eoaesiMd Is tIBb 
orlme. 8S ceats eaeb; per dossa, fB.OlL 

vudere Whitney's Defense before the 

Uran.~> Loi>ok or Illinois .T'.iiI<« DAntel H Whit 
rey WIS Master ot the 1 '-• - ' - r^ L. Csltb. s 
memt>cr of his lodge, m<ir ~:ade. ,*a4gs 

Whitney, by attempting ° : : h to JOBttoa, 

brought on himself the veikemueo vi ibe lodgs b«l 
he boldly replied to the charges acalnst Ub •■■ 
afterward* renounced Masonry. IS ceots MCbi per 
dozen. 11.25- 

A Masonic Conspiracy, WtMamnff tn » 

fraudnknt dl\orce, and varloos otber onlragc* 
upon the rights of a defenseless woman. Also tba 
account ot a Masonic murder, by two rir -ntrnKno. 
By Mr». Louisa Waliera. This is a ihrilUngly Inter 
esiioB, tme Banrntire. M lema asoh par dosM 

Prest. H. H. Oeorre on Secret Societies. 

," powerful address, showing clearly tba duly of 
Christian churches lo disfellowsblp (eere' soctotlaa. 
10 cents each ; pi-r dozen. TO cenla. 

Diacusslci on Secret Societies. Si 
KIder MSN' >,>n. s 

Uoyal Arch M put 

llshed In a serl' t :i i>t-<i( 

SO cents csch; !» r d "i (J 00. 

Freemasonry a Fourfold Conspiraoy. 

Addn'i>«of Pr\-»t. J. Iil*uehsr\l. l>«-f<>r"thePHi»liBijh 
Convention. Tills la a nio>i convlnring arnmeat 
against tho lodge. cents each; per doaea, BOosais 

Bolden With Cords. Oa ram Pown o. 

Tiia SaiKrr Kv v-. .\ f^M»)f'i! rrprr«rnt«-|i n 'n 

story of •■ ' ■ 

K. KLai. r 


cnralrly „ of 

bl storlcn . t. Ig 

Secrt" V > 

C II it<ii. Hy 

ot organliej - 

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Sermon on Wlnsonry, 

UroMlllie. Ill 

Dr. Miiy. r, W . 
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Sermon on Secretism, by Rer. R. Tb«a 

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BKPTBMfiER 29, 1887 

Nfws of The week 


The committee appointed to prepare 
for the reception of President Cleveland 
have agreed that the reviewing stand be 
erected at the new Auditorium building 
and that after the review the President 
should be invited to lay the corner-stone 
of the new building. 

Hon. E. B. Washburne, former minis- 
ter to France, was taken with congestion 
of the brain Wednesday afternoon at the 
home of his son. His right side was par- 
tially paralyzed, and it is thought he may 
have had a touch of apoplexy. It is not 
believed that he can recover. 

Justice Miller, of the Supreme Court of 
the United States, in an interview last 
week in this city, intimated that the coun- 
sel for the anarchists would have to make 
out a strong case before the United States 
Court would intervene. 

The death order in the anarchists' cases 
was handed down by the Supreme Court 
at Ottawa Saturday morning and immed- 
iately dispatched to Sheriff Matson. 


Natural gas has been discovered at 
Hemdon, Guthrie County, Iowa, which is 
the only place in that State where it is 
known to exist in considerable quanti- 
ties. The place is situated in a fertile 
prairie country some miles northwest of 
Des Moines at a crossing of the C. M. & 
St. P. and the Wabash narrow guage 
lines. The remarkable thing about the 
discovery is that the gas pours forth in 
powerful currents without visible diminu- 
tion of volume from wells only 120 to 165 
feet in depth. 

The Georgia Senate has passed its sub- 
stitute for the Glenn bill by a vote of 23 
to 13. The bill merely withdraws the 
State money from educational institutions 
where races are mixed and makes gradu- 
ates ineligible for teachers' places. 

A wind and rain-storm of great fury 
swept Brownsville and adjacent country 
in Texas late Wednesday, creating havoc. 
The Rio Grande River rose rapidly and 
raged like a sea over the fertile fields, The 
loss is very great. 

Near Key West Tuesday a cart load of 
dynamite was found hidden among some 
woods. There was enough of it to blow 
a half dozen cities into the air, and ap- 
pears to prove the plot against Cuba is 
more formidable than was at first sup- 

At Haverhill, Mass., Friday night.J.H. 
Abbott, while drunk, shot and killed his 
daughter, Mrs. Mamie E. Cummings,and 
then shot himself, dying instantly. 

The steamship Alesia, which arrived 
at New York Friday from Marseilles and 
Naples, had Asiatic cholera on board. 
Eight persons died on the passage, and 
on her arrival at quarantine the health 
officer found four cases. No fears are en- 
tertained of the spread of the disease. 

The tax on whisky decreased from $69,- 
092.266 in 1885-6 to $65,829,321 in 1886- 
7, while the tax on beer increased from 
$19,676,731 in 1885-6 to $21,922,187 in 
1886-7. Much of the beer sold is said to 
be bad, and a goverixment chemist will 
analyze it. 

An oil fire is re ported in the field near 
Cygnet, Ohio. Two employes are be- 
lieved to have lost their lives, and the 
property loss is estimated at $100,000. 

Five men from Harvard, 111., who were 
boating on Lake Geneva, Wisconsin, were 
drowned Monday. The steamer Leman 
collided with their craft. 

Leading members of the Sioux nation 
in Dakota have petitioned the President 
to revoke the order of the commissioner 
of Indian affairs forbidding instruction 
in the Indian schools in any but the Eng- 
lish language. 


Part of a frieght train being switched 
near In wood, Iowa, Tuesday, broke away 
and tore down the grade toward Canton, 
D. T., and crashed into a passenger train 
that was on the point of crossing abridge 
at that point. Five persons were instant- 
ly killed. 

A collision occurred on the Pittsburg, 
Fort Wayne and Chicago road near For- 
est, Ohio, Monday, that resulted in the 
death of one man and the fatal wounding 
of two others. The train caught fire and 
a can of dynamite exploded. The track 
was torn up for a great distance. 

At Pern, Md., Monday night the en- 
gine of the Bee Line limited express left 
the track, turning completely over and 
killing the engineer and his son the fire- 

Two passenger trains collided Monday 
morning on the River Division of the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul road, near 
Dubuque, Iowa. One fireman and con- 
ductor were killed outright and many 
passengers were injured. 

Express trains on the Pittsburg, Port 
Wayne and Chicago road collided Thurs- 
day morning near Lima, Ohio. There 
were many narrow escapes, but the engi- 
neer, who jumped from his cab, was the 
only person seriously injured. • 

Near Hollidaysburg, Pa., an accommo- 
dation train was thrown from the track 
by cows. The engineer was instantly 
killed and the fireman painfully injured. 


During Tuesday's festival four bombs 
were thrown in front of the Vatican at 
Rome. One entered the papal barracks. 

The Cologne Oazette says that Germa- 
ny will henceforth be independent of 
Russia. Unless the latter country makes 
fresh approaches, the paper says, the firm 
of the three emperors will be dissolved, 
and the dissolution will not be followed 
by a RussoGerman alliance . 

A detachment of hussars and artillery 
have arrived at Mitchellstown, 
disperse any public meetings that may be 
held during the sitting of the police 
court in which the preliminary trials of 
persons involved in recent disturbances 
will be held. 

A letter from Henry M. Stanley, the 
African explorer, dated June 23, has been 
received in London. 

An earthquake was felt in Malaga, 
Spain . The shock caused a panic among 
the people but did no damage. 

A disastrous wreck occurred on the 
Gulf Division of the Southern Kansas 
Railroad at Guthrie, Indian Territory. A 
light engine and construction train collid- 
ed, both moving at a high rate of 
speed. The two engines and twelve 
freight cars were piled in a heap and the 
list of killed and wounded is large . It is 
rumored that a large number of the work- 
men were killed, but details are meager. 

An ironclad of 11,940 tons and 12,000 
horse power, the largest ever con- 
structed, was launched Tuesday at Ports- 
mouth, England. She is called the Tra- 

Bishop Healy.coadjutor of the Catholic 
Bishop of Galway, and a well-known 
Unionist, was boycotted Sunday. He 
went to Glencoe to administer the sacra- 
ment of confirmation, but only the chil- 
dren were present to participate. Their 
parents and friends remained outside the 

Advices from the Guatemalian govern- 
ment to their minister at Washington say 
that the Catholic Archbishop and some 
of his friends who are opposed to the 
present government have left for San 
Francisco to raise funds to bring about a 


Mason & Hamlin bid fair to become as 
famous for their upright pianos as they 
have long been for their world-renowned 
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is an important improvement in the meth- 
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which originated in their own factory. 
The strings are secured by metallic fas- 
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set in wood as has been the case, and the 
advantages resulting are numerous and 
highly important. Among them are the 
following; Wonderful beauty and music- 
al quality of tone, far less liability of get- 
ting out of tune, greater reliability in try- 
ing climates, and greater solidity of con- 
struction and durability. 


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This powder never varies. A marvel of purity, 
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the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold In competi- 
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alum or phosphate powders. Sold only in cans. 
Royal Baking Powdkb Co., 106 Wall-st., N. Y. 




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Information, pamphlet, etc., mailed free. 

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Send for Catalogue of SpecioItieB. 

84 and 86 Cliaiabeia Street. ITew Tock. 


Of Shaingay, W. A. 

"With Portrait of tlie .A.Tith.or. 

Mr. Cole is now In the employ of the N.C. A. 
and traveling with H.H.Hlnman In the South. 
Price, postpaid, 20 cts. 

National Christian Association. 

221 W. Madison St.. CUoaKO. III. 


The list of Books and Tractsfor sale by the Nation- 
al Christian Assooiation . Look It over carefully 
•ndsee If there Is not Bomethlng you want for your- 
lelf or for your friend. Send fo' *"" -.»»Ai«mifl tc 


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last year. Send stamp for catalogue. 




Free-hand drawing la Pencil, Ink and Crayon, Paint- 
ing In Oil and Water colors. 

Mrs. S. H, Nutting, resldentlnstructorfo, 12years; 
also Instructor for years in Vermont State Normal 
school. Special Instruction to teachers, how to make 
practical useof the artln theiischools. Terms about 
one third less than ordinary. I/iplomat given. Address 
MRS. S. H. KUTTING, Wh»aton, III. 


By a Past Chancellor. A full Illustrated exposition 
of the three ranks of the order, with the addition of 
5he "Amended, Perfected and Ampllfled Third 
Bank." The lodge-room, signs, countersigns, grips, 
etc., are shown by engravings. 23 cents each j j>er 
dozen, 12.00. Address the 

021 W. VUai%W ««.. CEiaAca 



The C YNOS VME represents the Christian movement against 
the Secret Lodge System ; discusses fairly and fearlessly the 
various movements of the lodge as they appear to public view, 
and reveals the secret machinery of corruption in politics, 
courts, and social and religious circles. 

There are in the United States 

Some 200 different Lodges, 
With 2,000 'OOO members. 
Costing $20,000,000 yearly. 

This mighty world power confronts the church and seeks to 
rule and ruin every Christian Reform. 

No Christian Reform Movement of the day is so necessary, 
yet 80 unpopular and beset with dlfiflcultles, as that which would 
remove the dark pall of oaths, dark-lantern meetings, secret 
signs, mysterious and pagan worship about altars condemned 
by the Word of the Living God. 

No other paper gives the best of its correspondence and edi- 
torial strength to this vitally Important reform. The C Y2fO- 
a URE should be yoar paper in addition to any other you may 

Because it is the representative of the reform against the 
Lodge, with ablest arguments, biographical and historical sketch- 
es, letters from lecturers, seceders and suflEerers from lodge per- 
secution. The ablest writers on this subject from all denomina- 
tions and all parts of the country contribute. Special depart- 
ments for letters from our metropolitan centers, on the relation 
of secret orders to current events. 

The C YNOS URE began Its twentieth volume September 22, 
1887. with features of special and popular interest. 

TERMS : $2.00 per year; strictly in advance, $1.50. Special 
terms to clubs. Send for sample copy. 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago. 

To be Issued before January 1st.. 1888. 

Scotcli IRite ]Vf asonry Illustrated. 

T/te Complete Illustrated Ritual of all the Degrees of the Scotch' Rite, including 
the 33d and last Degree, and an Historical sketch of the Order. The first three De- 
grees, as published in ••FREEMASONRY ILLUSTRATED," termed the Blue 
Lodge Degrees, are common to all the Rites, so the Scotch Rite Exclusively covers 
30 Degrees (4th to 83d inclusive. "Prebmasonry Illustrated" and "Knight 
Tkmplarism Illustrated" include the entire "York Rite" or "American Ritb" 
Degrees. The York and Scotch Rites are the leading Masonic Rites, and the Scotch 
or Scottish Rite is conceded to be the Ruling Masonic Rite of the world. The com- 
plete Illustrated Ritual of the Scotch Rite, Bound in Two Volumes, Cloth @ $1.00 
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either cloth or paper covered, or part each at 25 per cent discount and sent postpaid. 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago, 111. 

Christian Cynosure. 

TH 8B0R3T HAVS 1 8 AID NOTHING."— Jeaus Christ. 

Vol. XX., No. 3. 


Wholi No. 910. 



221 Wett Madison Street, Chicago. 

J . P. STODDARD, ^.. ^^^.. ^...^ Qbsbrai, Agbni 

w. i. phillips ^ publishbb. 

Subscription pbb tbab $2,00 

If paid 8TBICTLT IN ADYANCB $1.50 

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Address all letters for publication to Editor Ohnatian 
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address alwaya give the former address. 

Entered atthePost-ofiaceatChlcasro. III., as Second Class matter.] 

down before he could tell the public any further of 
the connivance of the sheriff with the McGarigle 
runaway. The lodge claims that the boodler vio- 
lated his word of honor to Matson. Is it the custom 
of the Sheriff to pledge or swear his prisoners that 
they will not run off? Or is it necessary for him to 
do so with his Masonic charges, to thereby prevent 
their throwing him a sign of distress which he has 
sworn in the lodge to heed? 



NoteB aDd Comments 1 

The Chicago "Tlme8"and 

Masonry 8 

The Great Question 8 

Secret Societies In China 

and America 8 


The Overgrown Hedge at 

Gettysburg 1 

Georgia Barbarism 2 

Weelj-day Bermon 2 

A Solllt quy on the Mason- 
ic Creed 2 

Two Juggernauts o f 

Death 3 

Selected : 
An Important Society for- 
gotten 3 

Errors In the Holiness 

Work 3 

Not a eecret Society. ... 3 
The Northup Murder and 

the G. A R 3 

Masonic Harmony 3 

Notices 4 

BiBLB Lbsson 6 

The City Foui ded by Penn . 9 

Boston Letter 9 

RaroRM News : 
From the General Agent ; 
Iowa Friends Discuss 
a Masonic Outrage ;The 
Wisconsin Meetlnn; Dp 
and down in Alabama; 
Notes of a National Re- 
former; W. B. S'oddard 
at Manf field, Ohio; Bro. 
Butler's Bible Reading. 4,5 


Masonic Fruit; Shall we 
do Evil that Good may 
Come; The New Iberia 

School 6 

Thb Bomb 10 

Temperance 11 

The N. C. A 7 

< HURCH vs Lodge 7 

American Party 7 

In Brief 7 

Religious Nbws 12 

Literature 12 

L.0DGE Notes 13 

Farm Notes 14 

Bomb AND Health 15 

News of thb Wbbk 16 

Business 13 

Markets , 13 

The lower house of the Georgia legislature has 
anticipated Bro. Hinman's argument on the Glenn 
bill, and voted last week to fine Atlanta University 
at the rate of $8, 000 per year, by refusing to appropriate 
the usual sum so long as white and colored students are 
taught together. This providential defeat of theSenate 
substitute will keep the matter under agitation until 
its authors themselves are ashamed of their work. 
If the Senate should agree, it will yet be a blessing 
to the institution, making it independent of a polit- 
ical body of low principles, and giving it an oppor- 
tunity to "live by faith." Doubtless the loss will be 
made up to it thrice over, and the principle for 
which it stands will be more firmly established, un- 
til the vicious rule of caste shall be overthrown. 

Lieutenant Governor. In the meantime he has been 
holding several of the highest offijes among the 
Odd-fellows of Illinois,and has been "strengthening 
his political fences" by organizing lodges of this 
order and of their military "Patriarch's Militant;" 
he has been Koight Templar "Grand Commander," 
and is now, we believe, "Deputy Grand Master" of 
Illinois Freemasons, and as Alexander T. Darrah ia 
now completing his second term, Smith will proba- 
succeed him according to custom. Thus the people 
of Illinois have before them the interesting possibil- 
ity of a Grand Master for governor. God forbid 
they should ever be so derelict as to allow such a 
lodge plot to succeed. 


The exclusion of thirty-three secret society mem- 
bers from the United Brethren church at Hicksville, 
Ohio, is so unusual an event that it excites wonder 
from some and enrages more. It is not denied that 
these members were violating the discipline of the 
church, which they had vowed before God to main- 
tain in righteousness; and if the rule of the church 
is right, their condemnation stands. The popular 
view is, that the next General Conference will prac- 
tically abolish the rule, which the treachery of the 
leaders has already made almost a dead letter, and, 
therefore, there was no good reason for this unusual 
and apparently severe action. Had the United 
Brethren been honest before God they would have 
followed the example of the godly fathers of the 
church, and would have condemned lodge member- 
ship as a wicked complicity with the world which 
must not be allowed in the church. Such disci- 
pline would then have been unusual because it 
would seldom be called for. 

The apt imitation of the whites by the colored 
lodges does not stop with titles, degrees, funerals, 
oaths and ceremonies. They have learned that un- 
der the cloak of secretism darkest infamy may be 
plotted and concealed. A dispatch the other day 
from Greenwood, Mississippi, says that some two 
months ago a black man named Taylor killed anoth- 
er black, and colored Masons attempted to lynch 
him, but were prevented by a Mr. Scancil, who took 
Taylor home for a time. Since then both he and his 
wife have disappeared. His body was found a few 
days since in the Tallahatchee river and the belief 
of the people is that a Masonic murder has been com- 
mitted. On duly 27th at Greenwood another negro 
was found lynched by a blacky mob, and it is under- 
stood that colored Masons thus avenged the death 
of one of their order. The belief is strong in that 
neighborhood that the colored Masons take an oath 
in their secret organizations to avenge the death of 
a brother member. 


St. Bernard Knight Templar Commandery of this 
city expelled three of its boodler members Sept. 2l8t 
and gave two others a respite. McGarigle, Ochs, 
and Bipper were the culprits. Van Pelt was shortly 
before brought before his lodge, with probably the 
same result. The final decision goes of course to 
the Grand Lodge which meets in this city this week. 
A funny incident took plhce in the meeting of the 
County Commissioners the other day — the body to 
which the chief boodlers once belonged. Commis- 
sioner Hemmelgarn in a warm attack on Sheriff 
Matson for improperly feeding prsoners in the jail 
said, vehemently: "You have a sheriff, who allowed 
a prisoner [McGarigle] to sit in Fisher's Garden 
without a deputy, after I had notified him not to do 
so,- He is either a fool or a knave — " "Hold on I" 
"Out of order I" were the cries that choke i the rest 

Bishop Ireland, popish prelate in the district 
where the Kuights of Labor are meeting this week, 
was lately interviewed in Washington and thus ex- 
pressed his view of the relation between the order 
and the Romish church: "The church has withdrawn 
its disapproval of the organization, holding that its 
secret work is harmless so long as it does not fo- 
ment riots, immorality or irreligion. While the 
church is opposed to secret societies of all kinds, it 
holds that the society of the Knights of Labor is of 
a political and business nature such as all men are 
entitled to have regarding their business affairs. The 
organization has shown no disposition to foment ri- 
ots, and under the management of Powderly I do 
not think it is likely to, although we can not tell 
what would happen should any other man be elected 
to Powderly 's place. Under these circumstances the 
church has tolerated the association." The shrew I 
bishop does not conjecture what would happen 
should a devoted son of Rome be lost from the lead- 
ership of the order. Should a non-Ca'holic succeed 
him it would soon be seen whether the Knights of 
Labor were an order to be prohibited or no. It8 
principles, objects and constitution would hardly 
bave it. 

A dispatch from the capital of the State to the 
Daily News of this city tells of the activity of the 
political hacks in that city with reference to the elec- 
tion for governor next year. It is generally admit- 
ted, says this authority, that John C. Smith, present 
Lieutenant Governor, is the strongest candidate "by 
reason of his wide acquaintance and great populari- 
ty." This is but another case of lotlge boosting 
Aside from his activity as a Freemason and Odd-fel- 
low he has nothing to recommend him to populari- 
ty. He has no record for any great action or wis- 
dom in public afftirs. Outside the lodge circles he 

Among the many charming beauties which elicit 
expressions of admiration from the visitors to the 
National Cemetery at Gett}8burg, not the least is 
the smoothly-shaven hedge separating it from the 
"Evergreen Cemetery" (citizens ) on the east. The 
watchful and competent wounded soldier, who, with 
his veteran subordinates,haa charge of the cemetery 
and keeps everything in such cuarmiug order and 
loveliness, explained to the writer the reason, in 
answer to his question, why the hedge fence was so 
exceedingly high, that it was owing lo the mistaken 
notion ol letting it grow too much before it was 
shorn. He said the hedge is now so large and strong 
in stock that it is not possible to cut it down and 
Oack so as to reduce it to a proper height As it is, 
It cuts off the view between the two cemeteries, and, 
when standing close, the more distant landscape and 
far-off horizon. It is a fine fence, impenetrable and 
imperishable, but it is too high for beauty, utility or 
intercommunication. But mere it is, with roots as 
densely interlaced underground as its matted branch- 
es are above. To reduce it or remove it, were the 
latter found necessary, would be nearly equally dif- 
ficult. But as it runs between two cemeteries, and 
as the village is never likely, as is often the c^se 
with growing cities,to^encroach upon the quiet sleep, 
ers in these two apartments, it is not ever, probably, 
to become a prac'ical question. What shall we do 
with the hedge? 

Some hundreds of years ago our fathers planted 
hedge rows between the churches. Long, deep root- 
ed and closely matted are the fences wuich run be- 
tween Geneva and Wittenburg and Oxford and the 
rest. Nor is the hedge beiween the churches al- 
ways like the one here oetweea the two cemeteries, 
ihurnless; nor are the thorns always turned in or 
clipc back. If the churches were cemeteries for the 
quiet and protection of the Lord's sainted dead, and 
lue entombment of their books and deeds and other 
evidences of their wisdom and valor, it need not be 
much regretted that the hedge were matted and 
thorny and high which separates the different 
apartments of tUe sleepers. But what if its apart- 
ments are the Good Suepherd s green pastures for 
the one flock, shepherdtd, in his wisdom tor the 
while, in different lolds, }et all haviug one Suep- 
lierd? Is it well to have the hedge loo higti, or 
barbed with untrimmed, sharp lliorns to ward off 
or punish too near approach? Blood stains and 
torn fleeces mark the long green lines as history 
turns her optics down the denominational hedge- 
rows of the paat. She finds sad proof that the sep- 
arating lines are neither ihornless nor safely pass- 
at)le for the too simple and unsuspecting sheep. 

Or suppose the field ttius divided is the world, and 
that the many laborers in it are servants of the one 
Master, to whom each one stands or falls, is it well 
for these servants to divide themselves and their 
work by thorny, high grown and impenetrable hedge- 
rowb? Of if the hedge-row l)e necessary for some 
inscrutable reason, ia it not desireable that it shall 
be low enough to see over, talk over, and sUake 
hands over? At all events and in any case, is it 
worth while to spend all one's lime, or any consid- 
erable part of it, in an attempt to thicken, heighten 
or sharpen the old ancestral Uedge-lines? Many a 
fruitful furrow might be drawn where they eucum- 

, was indeed almost unkown when a few years ago the 

of the sentence, and the chairman put the speaker Republicans made him State Treasurer and then ber, and the time spent in strengthening tnese lines 


OCTOBEE 6, 1887 


might, if devoted directly to the culture of the field, 
yield many a golden sheaf for the Master's garner. 
Well, when the promised time shall come that, "In- 
stead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and 
instead of the briar shall come up the myrtle tree, 
and it shall be to the Lord for a name, for an ever- 
lasting sign that shall not be cut off," then the hedge 
shall yield to the furrow and the thorn to the sheaf. 
The Lord hasten the day! 

But why not go to work and dig up or burn away 
the hedge-rows at once? That were easier than to 
grow the fir tree and myrtle tree instead. Destruc- 
tion is the easier and inferior part. It is also well 
to remember that as the matter now stands, much 
that is lovely and of good report is interlaced with, 
and supported by, these very hedge-rows. How 
many institutions, boards, fellowships, etc.. full of 
mercy and good fruits, would be disorganized if not 
destroyed, and all their benefactions lost, if the old 
lines were too rudely and suddenly destroyed! 
Growth must keep pace with destruction; conserva- 
tism and reproduction must replace the changes of 
radicalism and revolution, or the last state shall be 
worse than the first. 

Let the living, growing church crowd upon the 
cemeteries of dead and buried issues, and the hedge 
will have to yield to the furrow and the thorn to the 

Gettsyhurg, Pa. 

■ I m 


bribe it will be powerless. An institution that for 
the sake of $8,000 would yield to un-christian de- 
mands would justly forfeit the confidence of those 
benevolent contributions that have been far greater. 
It would be the worst possible policy for Atlanta 
University to cheerfully obey the unholy edict. 

The third section comes with crushing weight on 
the students of Atlanta and Clark Universities. It 
proposes to punish them for obeying their parents 
in getting the best possible education at the small- 
est possible expense. The commendable efforts of 
both parents and children, who, amidst abounding 
diificulties, have sought and obtained the advantag- 
es of these schools is regarded and treated as a mis- 
demeanor, and the source of supply for the best 
teachers the State ever had is cut off. Should the 
substitute bill become a law it will practically 
offer a premium on ignorance and inefficiency. It 
will alienate the sympathies of the warmest and 
best friends the South has ever had, and do much 
to raise sectional and race animosities. 

And all this was merely for "buncomb." Practi- 
cally there was no co-education. No negro had ap- 
plied for admission into a white school and the white 
children in colored schools could be counted on one's 
fingers. It is an ebullition of barbarism — the last 
expiring kick of the spirit of slavery. 

religion. It cannot be otherwise, since secret socie- 
ties are not of divine origin but belong to the cate- 
gory of human institutions. But there are two kinds 
of human institutions: in the first place, such as are 
in harmony with God's Word, which is the case, for 
instance, with organized Christian congregations; 
and secondly, such as are purely human and at vari- 
ance with divine revelation, which two things char- 
acterize secret societies. For, talk piously as they 
will concerning God, he, nevertheless, has no more 
to do with them than he had to do with Grecian or 
Koman mythology. — Denver Correspondence Luther- 
an Witness. 






"The agony is over. The Senate on yesterday 
passed the substitute for what is known as the Glenn 
bill." — Atlanta Constitution, Sept. 23d. 

No; the agony has but just beguu. The horrible 
proposal to send Christian women to the chain-gang 
for teaching their own children in their own schools 
has been withdrawn, for even Georgia can be made 
to feel the power of the outraged moral sense of 
mankind. But the act as it has passed the Senate 
is even meaner and more cruel than the original bill. 
Meaner, because its victims are not to be the well-to- 
do, cultured, college professors, who could command 
money and influence for their defence,but is,in8tead, 
the poor colored students who have had the fortune 
to be educated in a Christian college that offers in- 
struction to all. More cruel because it is easy of 
execution and because it deprives a great multitude 
of excellent young men and women of their almost 
only means of making a livelihood. The following 
is the full text of the bill: 

To be entitled an act to regulate the manner of con- 
ducting public educational institutions in this State, and 
to protect the rights of colored and white people, and for 
other purposes. 

Section 1 Be it enacted by \he general assembly of 
Georgia, That from and after the passage of this act, that 
no school, college or educational institution in this State 
that is now, or may hereafter be supported in whole or 
in part by the public funds of the State or public funds 
of any county, municipality or any other subdivision of 
this State, shall matriculate or receive under any pretext 
whatever, as pupils, both white and colored persons — 
such white and colored persons shall be taught in sepa- 
rate schools. 

Sec 2 Be it further enacted, That any school, college 
or educational institution, or teacher, manager or con- 
troller thereof, who shall violate the provisions of the 
preceding section shall not be entitled to participate, 
directly or indirectly, in the distribution of any public 
funds now appropriated, or hereafter to be appropriated, 
for educational purposes in this State, either by the Stated 
the several counties thereof, the municipalities or other 
subdivisions in this State. 

Sec 3 Be it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said, That no person who hereafter becomes a pupil in 
any college, school or educational institution where the 
CO education of the races is permitted or allowed shall 
hereafter be competent to teach in any school, college, or 
educational institution of this State, that is supported in 
whole or in part by the public funds of the State, or the 
several counties thereof, municipalities or other subdi- 
visions of this State. 

Sec 4 Repeals conflicting laws. 
The first section, except as an explanatory clause 
will be of no force whatever. It simply affirms that 
people shall not do what they may know to be not 
only a natural right but a moral obligation. But as 
it provides no penalty it will be regarded as simply 
an ebullition of the spirit of race prejudice and will 
be treated accordingly. 

The second section, which proposes to withdraw 
all State aid from those institutions that have been 
planted and sustained by Christian benevolence, 
which have contributed greatly to the cause of edu- 
cation, good government and the prosperity of the 
State, and which are so important for the supply of 
the teachers of which Georgia has most pressing 
need, was most unjust and most suicidal. 

Considered either as a threat or an attempted 

One of the sublimest answers ever made by hu- 
man lips, always seemed to me to be that of Martin 
Luther when he replied to the papal emissary, Serra 
Longa, who asked him where he should take refuge 
in the event of being forsaken by the elector and 
all his earthly friends: "Under heaven." The whole 
wide universe he could claim for his city of refuge, 
and in the weariest desert land he could never go 
where the shadow of a protecting sanctuary did not 

I believe that the human mind naturally responds 
to the heroic, and the Bible in nothing shows its in- 
spiration more than by its constant appeals to cast 
away unmanly fears. I believe, too, that Christians 
are by far the bravest men and women in the world; 
and they ought to be, — they, the symbol of whose 
Captain and Redeemer is the Rock, the constant, 
age-enduring Rock, clothed with strength and beauty 
as with a garment; the tender grace of the wind- 
flower, the emerald green of the lichen. And not 
only the everlasting Rock, but the living Rock, for 
so close did the old Hebrew poet and seer come to 
the heart of Nature that she whispered to him the 
secret which modern science has but lately discov- 
ered, that by some mysterious aggregation of their 
crystalline particles, rocks actually grow. 

I admit all this, gladly, joyfully, even in the face 
of one fact which would seem to contradict it; that 
spell of fear which falls on religious meetings and 
makes the clergy but "dumb dogs" as soon as any 
mention is made of the secret empire. Nobody im- 
pugns the courage of the bee — less than half a sec- 
ond would suffice to change their opinion if they 
did — but there is a species of gigantic moth, a soft, 
harmless thing, formidable in no respect, which 
sometimes gains entrance into a hive; but instead 
of striking their sharp stings into the intruder at 
once, as they could easily do, it is said that its pres- 
ence will inspire a whole colony with a strange, name- 
less terror, so that they will even leave their home, 
as tenants leave a haunted house. And when I 
hear it asked. Why are ministers who hate Masonry 
so afraid to speak their minds about it? I am re- 
minded of this curious fact in natural history. Now 
there was reason why men should fear Rome. She 
was a palpable enemy, and she made war on the 
saints with such very palpable engines as the dun- 
geon, the stake and the torture chambers of the in- 
quisition; but why should that which is but her im- 
age, a shadowy, unsubstantial, spectral image, voic- 
ing obscure threats out of its cloudy curtain of 
mystery, have such power to dismay? Why, it takes 
a thousand times more courage, and courage of a 
finer and higher kind, too, to fight a ghost than to 
fight an army. 

What these evil and perilous times need is a bold 
and fearless setting forth of the everlasting truths 
of the Bible in opposition to the prevailing corrup- 
tion in social, political and religious circles, to se- 
cret societyism, and to the rapidly increasing influ- 
ence of Romanism in this great republic of ours,the 
latter two of which are the chief weapons employed 
by Satan in his warfare against the Son of God, our 
dear Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. The influence 
which secret societies of all descriptions are exert- 
ing on the present generation throughout this broad 
land are detrimental to the cause of the Christian 

Webb's Monitor, page 284: "The religious tenets 
of Masonrj' are few, simple, but fundamental. The 
candidate must profess a belief in deity before in- 
itiation." Mackey's Lexicon of Freemasonry, page 
100: "Creed of a Mason. The creed of a Mason 
is brief, unentangled with scholastic subtleties, or 
with theological diflficulties. It is a creed that de- 
mands and receives the universal consent of all men, 
which admits of no doubt, and defies schism." 

Is this the sum and substance of the Masonic 
faith? Mackey's Masonic Ritualist, page 44: "A 
Belief in God. This constitutes the sole creed of 
a Mason — at least, the only creed that he is required 
to profess." Also Mackey's Jurisprudence, page 94: 
"Though in ancient times Masons were charged in 
every country to be of the religion of that country 
or nation, whatever it was, yet it is now thought 
more expedient only to oblige them to that religion 
in which all men agree, leaving their particular opin- 
ions to themselves." — Charges of 1722, No. 1. 

Then to simply profess a belief in God is the test 
of Masonic fellowship, and they oblige every Mason 
to that religion in which all men agree, and in so 
doing oblige them from those religions in which all 
do not agree. That is logical, but there may be 
cases where a closer test is applied than a bare be- 
lief in a God. We turn to the great book of decis- 
ions. Chase's Digest of Masonic Law, in which every 
Masonic Grand Lodge in America is represented, 
and there read once for all, on page 206: "It is an- 
ti-masonic to require any religious test other than 
the candidate should believe in a God, the Creator 
and Governor of the Universe." And on the same 
page: "In our opinion, any other religious test is 
not necessary; and to require that a candidate pro- 
fess a belief in the divine authenticity of the Bible, 
or in a state of future rewards and punishments, is 
a serious innovation in the very body of Masonry." 
That certainly is a new theology, at least a new theo- 
ry. "Ye believe in God. Ye do well; the devils 
also believe and tremble." 

Mackey's Jurisprudence of Masonry, page 95, 
explains: "Under the shelter of this wise provision, 
the Christian and the Jew, the Mohammedan and 
the Brahmin, are permitted to unite around our com- 
mon altar, and Masonry becomes, in practice as well 
as in theory, universal." Then Webb's Freemasons' 
Monitor, page 285, declares: "So broad is the religion 
of Masonry, and so carefully are all sectarian tenets 
excluded from the system, that the Christian, the 
Jew, and the Mohammedan, in all their numberless 
sects and divisions, may and do harmoniously com- 
bine in its moral and intellectual work, with the 
Buddhist, the Parsee, the Confucian, and the wor- 
shiper of Deity under every form." The devil could 
subscribe to that test; so could the heathen that 
worship deity in the form of a loathsome snake, a 
stock or a stone. We read of a broad religion in 
an old book that mother keeps on her table at home, 
which has our family record in it. Why, this strange 
religion, and what do Masons mean by "morality?" 
It would trouble friend Harper, the Mason, to define 
morality. If he knows the rudiments he never 
confesses it. He never speaks of the church, or 
anything good, except with a scoff and a sneer. 
Father says. If you don't believe in total depravity, 
just study old Harper awhile. Pages 502 and 503 
of Mackey's Jurisprudence defines: "Every Mason, 
says the old charges of 1722, is obliged, by his ten- 
ure, to obey the moral law. Now this moral law is 
not to be considered as confined to the Decalogue of 
Moses, within which narrow limits the ecclesiastical 
writers technically restrain it, but rather as allud- 
ing to what is called the lex naturor, or the law of 
nature." Father says old Joe Harper is a "rough 
diamond." It would be rather hard to narrow his 
proclivities and propensities down to the Ten Com- 

We further read: "This is the moral law, to which 
the old charge already cited refers, and which it de- 
clares to be the law of Masonry. And this was 
wisely done, for it is evident that no law less uni- 


October 6, 1887 


versal could have been appropriately selected for 
the government of an institution whose prominent 
characteristic is its universality. The precepts of 
Jesus could not have been obligatory on a Jew; a 
Christian would have denied the sanctions of the 
Koran; a Mohammedan must have rejected the law 
of Moses; and a disciple of Zoroaster would have 
turned from all to the teachings of his Zend Avesta. 
The universal law of nature, which the authors of 
the ancient charges have properly called the moral 
law, because it is, as Conybeare remarks, 'a perfect 
collection of all those moral doctrines and precepts 
which have a foundation in the nature and reason 
of things,' is, therefore, the only law suited, in every 
respect, to be adopted as the Masonic code." 

Why, then, do they carry -the Bible? I thought 
Masonry was founded on the Bible. Chase's Digest 
of Masonic Law, pages 207-8: "The Jews, the Chi- 
nese, the Turks, each reject either the New Testa- 
ment or the Old, or both, and yet we see no good 
reason why they should not be made Masons. In 
fact. Blue Lodge Masonry has nothing whatever to 
do with the Bible. It is not founded on the Bible; 
if it was it would not be Masonry, it would be some- 
thing else." 

Christianity and the Bible do not seera, then, to 
harmonize theoretically or practically with Masonic 
religion. It cuts the Bible in two to please the Jew, 
and rejects it altogether to please the Mohammedan. 
What is Masonic religion? Let the Masonic Gen- 
eral Grand High Priest, Albert G. Mackey, name it. 
Lexicon of Freemasonry, page 402: "The religion, 
then, of Freemasonry, is pure theism, on which its 
diflFerent members engraft their own peculiar opin- 
ions; but they are not permitted to introduce them 
into the lodge, or to connect their truth or falsehood 
with the truth of Masonry." 

If I join the lodge, then, I must subscribe topwre 
theism. That settles it. That cuts Christ out, and 
no man can approach God without a Mediator. "I 
am the way, the truth, and the life; no man cometh 
unto the Father but by me." "He that climbeth up 
any other way, the same is a thief and a robber." 
I'll trust to the religion that holds to the Bible and 
to Christ, and I hope to be a better man. 


Before subjugation by the British, and under 
sanction of custom and government, an idol of In- 
dia was borne in procession in a huge vehicle, called 
the car of Juggernaut, to impress idolaters with the 
grandeur of their god. Impelled by fanaticism mis- 
guided devotees cast themselves beneath its wheels, 
and were crushed into indistinguishable masses. 
The humanity of the conqueror suppressed the sac- 
rifice of adults beneath Juggernaut, of widows on 
the pyre and of infants in the Ganges, and thou- 
sands of lives are annually saved,and unblunted sensi- 
bilities spared from the horror of incessant blood- 

Also under sanction of government in a Christian 
land, we have our Juggernaut of death, but unlike 
the first it shuns the day and seeks the night — a 
seventh plague in manner and effect. Like the first 
its victims are numbered by thousands, though not 
a willing sacrifice to superstition, but an exacted 
pledge for the security of wrong. Our Juggernaut 
is Freemasonry, a science of crime and iniquity cop- 
ied from the sun-worship of Eleusis and Baal-peor, 
protected and disseminated, veiled and popularized 
with the condensed chicanery of ages, that, as an 
example of subterfuges, first feigned and proclaimed 
itself a charitable institution in 1788 (Dictionary of 
Dates, Hayden, who deplores the Masonic origin of 
its history), according to creditable writers 71, ac- 
cording to others 5792 years after inception, but 
still retains the prejudice against cripples of Egypt 
(Josephus on Apion), and against the poorer class 
of Greece (Rollins); therefore, an unchangeable land- 
mark — a charity and humanity for self and a prec- 
edent for thieves. 

Our country runs with its secret bloodshed, is be- 
set with its bidden graves. If any doubt, let them 
read, "My Experiences with Secret Societies by a 
Traveler," advertised in the Cynosure, a demonstra- 
tion by actual occurrences of the prevalence and 
cause of murder, illustrated from real life, corrobo- 
rated by historical sketches, and supplemented by 
satires in verse, original in matter and treatment, 
and combined to interest and convince every class 
as book or tract. * 


"I have the Royal Arcanum, and you know — " 

"What about Wednesday evening?" 

"Oh, the Odd-fellows meet that night; on Thurs- 
day I have a meeting of the Knights of Labor to 
attend; on Friday the Royal Templars of Temper- 
ance; on Saturday there is a special meeting of the 
Masonic lodge, and I couldn't miss that; and then 
Sunday night — let me see — what is there on Sunday 
night, my dear?" 

"The Grand and Ancient Order of Christian Fel- 

"Why, I had forgotten. Am I a member of that? 
— let me see — " 

"But you have forgotten another society, John, of 
which you used to be a member." 

"What's that?" 

"Your wife's."— 7%€ Candidate. 

"John, I would like to invite my friend, Mrs. 
Smalley, this evening. Will you be able to be in?" 

"No, my dear, I must attend the meeting of the 
Ancient Order of Foresters to-night." 

"Well, to-morrow evening?" 


It is an error to undertake to sever holiness from 
the practical work of a Christian life. Holiness 
that does not visit the sick, feed the hungry, clothe 
the naked, and preach the Gospel to the poor is a 
sham. It is an error to confound holiness with 
moral cowardice. Holiness that does nothing to 
stay the flood of intemperance, that is afraid to vote, 
that is afraid to name the worst popular sins lest the 
devil's boycott hinder sheckles from falling into the 
sacred till, is not akin to that of Stephen who was 
"full of the Holy Ghost." It is an error to cover 
up certain sins because some holiness professors 
have been guilty .of them, and have not confessed. 
At one of the largest New England Holiness Con- 
ventions of the season the question was asked, 
"Can a Freemason enjoy sanctification?" The an- 
swer was, "I don't know." Another searching ques- 
tion to find out the position of the holiness teacher 
on lodgism was dodged by the reply, that each per- 
son must follow the light he has. Such dissimula- 
tion and cowardice seems to us a disgrace to the ho- 
liness cause, and tending to bring it into contempt. 
Not thus did Paul teach in reference to the secret 
societies of his day. That Christian giant did not 
whine out, "I don'tknow anything about them," but 
said with a ring that shall sound to the end of the 
world, "Have no fellowship with the unfruitful 
works of darkness, but rather reprove them." 


The distinguishing features of a secret society are 
ritualistic worship, an obligation of secrecy , a prom- 
ise to assist brethren socially, publicly, and finan- 
cially, regalia and trappings, a fettered conscience, 
and a burial service. 

Occasionally the devil throws out a mild form of 
secrecy as a bait, and to make it take, be labels it 
"not secret," just as the saloonist sets out his light 
drinks to bait the innocent and unwary, and labels 
it "not intoxicating." In such cases the chemist 
subjects the mixture to a chemical test to see if there 
is any alcohol in it. If he finds alcohol, the drink 
is branded intoxicating. 

Now, we propose to show you why we have un- 
hesitatingly pronounced the G. A. R. a secret socie- 
ty. First, the G, A. R. resembles all secret societies 
in the fact that it has a ritual of worship, not very 
much, yet just a little to give it tone — chaplain, 
prayers, and the like. Second, it has an obligation 
of secrecy. Some have disputed this in an indef- 
inite manner, but any sane man knows that they 
would not open their doors to an old soldier, be he 
the bravest his country ever knew, without a pledge 
of secrecy from him. Here we make a challenge 
to any who may read this who are not persuaded 
we are right. Bring us a member of the G. A. R, 
who will go before a magistrate and swear, 1st. That 
the G. A. R. have no oath. 2nd. That that oath has 
not been published. 3rd. That they have no obli- 
gation of secrecy whatever, and we will undertake 
the task of proving that man a perjurer. 

That they promise to help each other politically 
and financially; that they have regalia and trap- 
pings and a burial service, all know. It only re- 
mains to be shown that it fetters the conscience in 
order to settle the fact that it partakes of the spirit 
of Masonry. 

A minister being asked to join the G. A. R., re- 
plied that he was opposed to secret societies. "But 
the G. A. R. is not a secret society," they replied. 
"We only have a password," etc. Thsi minister was 
most persuaded to join, but asked again, "If your 
order is not a secret society I suppose that I can 
join, and if at any time I find anything in your or- 
der that I cannot conscientiously indorse, I am at 
liberty to speak freely concerning it to my church?" 
The reply was an emphatic "no." Freedom of con- 
science could not be tolerated even in the G. A. R. 

Ritualistic worship and the binding of the con- 
science being the principal ingredients of the Baal- 
istic lodge, and these ingredients being found not 
only in the G. A. R., but also in the Good Templars 
and other minor lodges, we fight as decidedly the 
introducing of these baits as snares into the com- 
munity, as we would the baiting of men with light 
wines, beer, and also under the plea that they are 
not intoxicating. — Western Crank. 

m I ■ 


The following special correspondence to the daily 
Ohio State Journal of August 3d, 1887, shows how 
secret societies that are professedly patriotic may be 
used by bad men to pervert justice. 

Dr. Northup, of Portsmouth, Ohio, was deliberate- 
ly murdered by a 8aloon-keeper,by the name of Alf. 
McCoy, because he was active in prosecuting saloon- 
keepers. The murder was malicious and coldblood- 
ed. The jury before which he was tried brought in 
a verdict of murder in the second degree. This ver- 
dict has been severely condemned by the press of 
the State. The following statement explains how 
the prisoner escaped a verdict of hanging: 

"Special to the Ohio State Journal: 

"Portsmouth, O., Aug. 2.— Since the discharge 
of the jury which tried Alf McCoy,for the murder of 
Dr. Northup, there has been considerable specula- 
tion as to the causes which prompted the finding of 
a verdict so totally incommensurate with the crime. 
There seems now to be an easy solution of the per- 
plexing question. Seven of the jurymen who tried 
McCoy are members of the G. A. R. McCoy is also 
a member of that organization, and,during his trial, 
wore a new G. A. R. uniform, kept his eyes closely 
upon the jury, and whenever he could do so, as he 
thought, with safety to himself and them, threw out 
G. A. R. signals of distress. It is also learned that 
two of the jurymen, although admitting that the ev- 
idence pointed to a deliberate murder, yet for politi- 
cal reasons would agree to nothing but a verdict for 
manslaughter. Of the seven who stood out for hang- 
ing five are Democrats, and McCoy himself is a Dem- 
ocrat. The people, after summing up all these 
things, think they smell a very large-sized rat, and 
protest that the verdict was anything but an honest 
one." — JT. R. Smith in the Wesley an Methodist. 


The writer, in a Masonic experience of twenty-six 
years, has sat in lodges and chapters in the States 
of Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Wisconsin, New 
Jersey, Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois and Missouri, and 
in Canada, and has never yet seen the work of 
"Blue Lodge" or "Chapter" given in the same man- 
ner in any of these States. This fact needs no sub- 
stantiation, as any craftsman or companion can 
fully corroborate it True, the Ancient Landmarks 
are the same in all, but the wording of the "lec- 
tures" and much of the "unwritten work" is in each 
case vastly dissimilar. 

In musing over this "confusion among the work- 
men," one is led to ask, Why this unaccountable 
diversity of ritualistic work? The reply is found 
in what may be termed "Masonic egotism." The 
teachings of Masonry all tend to a careful con- 
servation in strictly following the tenets of the 
craft, especially where the lectures and unwritten 
work is concerned. Thus each Grand Lodge in 
America has a separate work, and each stands ready 
to swear by the "three great lights" that their "work" 
is the only true and original "Simon pure," handed 
down from the "three," when the temple approached 
completion, and to fully establish the superiority of 
their "work" over that of all others, each stands 
ready to sneer at the "work" of the others as being 
composed of interpolations and innovations upon 
the ritual of Masonry. 

Thus, our Michigan work is termed "skeleton Ma- 
sonry," and to "work his way," a Michigan Mason 
has frequently not only to show his right angles, 
perpendiculars and horizontals, but also his "papers." 
Now the writer stands ready to admit that much of 
the above stands true concerning Michigan "work," 
and where the framers of our ritual found their au- 
thority for the changes so noticeable is a question. 
We are charge<l with having "cut, carved and hewn" 
at the original ashlar till we have left but little of 
what came up from the ancient quarry, "bearing the 
mark of the craft upon it" Any traveled Michi- 
gan Mason knows my statement to be a fact, and 
while we can "work our way," we find a vast dissim 
ilarity between our work and that of foreign lodges 
and chapters. And yet our grand otticers and lec- 
turers tell us that "ours is the only true work. No 
two States work alike, and each insists upon its 
work being correct. — ./. W. Fitzinaurice in the Detroit 


OoToBKR 6, 1887 



The annual convention of the Iowa Christian Associa- 
tion will meet in College Springs, Iowa, Tuesday, Oct. 
18, 7pm, and continue in session two days. The Revs. 
J. P. Stoddard, Gen'l Sec'y N. C. A., and C. F. Hawley, 
lecturer for Iowa, and other able speakers are expected 
to address the convention. The lovers of light as op- 
posed to darkness, and of our free institutions in all parts 
of the State, are urged to attend in person or by repre- 
sentation. Friends of the cause in neighboring States 
are heartily invited to meet with us. 

C. D. Trumbull, Cor. Sec'y. 

Delegates to the Iowa State Christian Association, to 
convene in College Springs on the third Tuesday of Oc- 
tober, will be met at Coin on Tuesday and Wednesday 

Those coming over the C. B. & Q. from the East will 
leave the main line at Villisca and change at Clarindafor 
Coin. West of Villisca they can leave the main line at 
Red Oak and connect at Shenandoah with a morning 
freight on the Wabash for Coin. 

All who expect to attend the convention will please 
drop a card to the undersigned as soon as possible, spec- 
ifying whether they wish to be met on Tuesday or Wed- 
nesday morning. There are only morning trains to Coin 
over the branch lines of the C. B & Q If any one wish- 
es to be met at any other point, let it oe made known . 

Don't forget to drop the card, that transportation and 
entertainment may be duly provided for. 

Wm. Johnston. 


The Eleventh Annual Meeting of the New Hampshire 
Christian Association will be held in Arcanum Hall, No . 
939 Elm street, Manchester, October 29, 30, 31, 1887, 
commencing Saturday at 2 o'clock p. m., and closing 
Monday evening; entertainment free. Reduced railroad 
fare expected from the following stations: Rochester, 
Dover, Newmarket Junction, Portsmouth, North Weare, 
Laconia, and Concord. Horse cars from depot to hall. 
Addresses, sermons and essays are expected from the fol- 
lowing persons: Rev. J. Blanchard of Illinois, R-v. E. 
W. Oakes, Manchester, Elders A. Kidder, C. L Baker, 
Isaac Hyatt, 8. C Kimball, Mrs. C W. Bixby, Miss Annie 
M. Ray, Miss E. E. Flsgg, and Mips I. D. Haines, evan- 
gelist of Maine. S.C. Kimball, tec'y N. S. C. A. 

ing, which I did not hear, but was told that his re- 
marks were largely personal, and not very compli- 
mentary to me. 

On Saturday I preached for the Adventist breth- 
ren in Belvidere, who keep the seventh day, and was 
glad to find them a spiritual and, apparently, a very 
devoted people. Sabbath morning we attended at 
the M. E. church, and listened to a most radical and 
excellent discourse by the pastor, Bro. Swartz, who 
is opposed to all shams in religion, and not afraid to 
say so in his pulpit, and is of course an Anti-mason. 
The evening was occupied with a Gospel meeting 
"in the big tent." Monday was devoted to visita- 
tion, as was also Tuesday, with meetings in the tent 
at night. Wednesday morning the convention 
proper opened, which has already been reported. 

Our stay in Belvidere was rendered doubly pleas- 
ant by the free hospitality of brother and sister 
Reynolds, who could not have shown more solici- 
tude for our comfort had we been their own chil- 

On Friday we returned to Bro. White's, near 
Kingston, where no pains were spared to make us 
feel at home. On Saturday sister White accompa- 
nied Mrs. S. to visit two outlying districts, where 
arrangements were made for Sabbath services with 
the children. On the 25th Mrs. Stoddard, assisted 
by Mrs. White, addressed the Sabbath-school at the 
Evangelical Association church in the morning, and 
a like gathering at the Davis school- house in the 
afternoon, on the subject of prohibition. I preached 
at the M. E. church in the morning, and at the Bap- 
tist hall in Kingston in the afternoon. On Monday, 
the 26th, we started homeward, and after a long and 
steady pull of over fifty miles, reached that bright- 
est, dearest spot on earth, about 7 r. m. in a drench- 
ing rain. Tuesday was a rainy and busy day in the 
city, and a night ride to this city of Janesville was 
a weariness to the flesh, but I remember the admo- 
nition, "whoso putteth his hand to the plow and look- 
eth back is not fit for the kingdom of heaven." 

J. P. Stoddard. 

Refobm News. 



In labors oft— Before and after the lUinoia Convention 
Friends by the way. 

Janesville, Wis., Sept. 28, 1887. 
Dear Cynosure: — A brief sketch of our trip to 
DeKalb and Boone counties in Illinois may interest 
your readers. Mrs. S. and myself left home with 
our horse and carriage on the afternoon of the 9 th 
inst, and made our first stop at the Patrol office in 
Geneva. Bro. Wheeler was absent, but his compe- 
tent lady assistant gave us a cordial greeting, and 
looking over the appointments we decided that Bro. 
W. was entitled to his claim of having a model 
newspaper "plant." 

At"Grey Willow"we were entertained at the commo- 
dious farm-house of Ansel Lake, who is familiar with 
Batavia, N. Y., and the regions round about, and 
who has long been known as a warm and liberal sup- 
porter of the anti-secrecy cause. That region has 
suffered seriously from drouth, and the father was 
absent in Iowa in search of hay to fill the empty 
barn and feed the scores of blooded horses and cat- 
tle with which his large farm is stocked; but noth- 
ing was lacking on the part of his son and family 
to make our stay every way enjoyable. 

We reached Kingston at 12 m. on the 10th, and 
were met by Bro. M. L. Worcester, and, after din- 
ner with Dr. Cowell and wife, we drove out three 
miles in the country to Bro. Worcester's, where every 
true reformer is sure not only of a hearty welcome 
but of "a helping hand." Sabbath, the 11th, I 
preached in the morning in the M. E. church, after- 
noon to the Baptists, and in the evening at an Evan- 
gelical Association church four miles north of town. 
Monday, the 12th, we drove eleven miles to Cher- 
ry Valley to call on pastor St. Clair, and if practi- 
cable arrange for meetings there. We found Bro. 
St. Clair in hearty sympathy, but three-fifths of his 
male members were secret-order men, and he felt 
hampered under the circumstances. Returning, we 
were favored with a fair audience in the Associate 
church on Monday and Tuesday evenings. 

On the 14th we visited Belvidere, where we met 
Bro. Arnold and Bro. Butler, and arranged local 
details about the State convention. Thursday and 
Friday evenings I lectured to fair audiences in the 
hall at Kingston, where we were the guests of Dr. 
Cowell and wife, who are fearless and firm for the 
truth. My remarks called out a reply from a Mr. 
Scott, chaplain of the lodge, on the following even- 

The Iowa Agent at the Yearly Meeting — .471 urgent mes- 
sage from Dakota — A shameful scene at a funeral — 
The Mosons routed— Friends and subscribers— Jubelum 
exemplifies the Masonic use of a dictionary. 

Dear Cynosure: — I went to Oskaloosa to attend 
the Iowa Yearly Meeting of the Friends church. 
A Dakota quarterly meeting had sent up a min- 
ute of their action, which led to the appointment of 
a large committee on secret societies, i was invited 
by one of the committee to meet with them at their 
first session. There was a general expression of 
sentiment in the form of a conference meeting, by 
the members of the committee, and all but two were 
radical anti-secret society men. One of them, John 
F. Hanson, a minister in the Dakota quarterly meet- 
ing, spoke of an audacious effort on the part of 
some Masons to capture a funeral service he was 
conducting and turn it into a Masonic parade. 

A man had died who was a Mason, but had ex- 
pressed no desire to be buried with Masonic honors. 
His widow applied to Friend Hanson to give her 
deceased husband a Christian burial. Bro. Hanson 
consented to do so, provided there should be no Ma- 
sonic ceremonies at the funeral. The widow said 
she did not wish any, but wanted her husband to 
liave a Christian burial. Acordingly they proceed- 
ed with the funeral, as the Friends custom is, when 
a company of Masons, from outside of the commu- 
nity, appeared, and insisted upon taking charge of 
the funeral and turning what was meant to be a 
Christian, into a heathen burial service. 

Bro. Hanson remonstrated, and appealed to the 
widow. She reaffirmed her desire that her husband 
should have a strictly Christian burial, and that all Ma- 
sonic ceremonies should be excluded. But the Masons 
insisted that the deceased was their "brother," and 
that it was their right and privilege to bury him 
with Masonic honors. 

But Friend Hanson was equal to the emergency. 
With a courage born of conscientious convictions, 
which characterize the honest Quaker, he said, "Gen- 
tlemen, if you insist upon intermeddling with this 
burial service, I will send men to fill up the grave, 
and there will be no burial here to-day." Quiet, 
Quaker grit, bom of conscientious scruples, against 
mixing Christian with Baal worship, triumphed over 
Masonic bluster, and the deceased received a Chris- 
tian burial, as his widow desired. 

The report of the committee was followed by a 
lively discussion, in which Friends H anson, Douglas, 
and Pres. Trueblood, of Penn College, were the 
principal speakers. Friend Hanson urged that more 
determined effort should be made to withstand 

that the church should more actively labor to with- 
stand and remove the secret lodge system. Friend 
Douglas thought that much had been done to resist 
the encroachments of the lodge upon the church. 
Pres. Trueblood said that for two hundred years the 
Friends had stood opposed to secret societies. That 
opposition was an established principle of the 
Friends church. That the policy of the church 
towards secret societies was not an open question to 
be discussed and determined, but a question that 
had been settled, and a policy that had been estab- 

It was refreshing to hear Pres. Trueblood's re- 
marks; and I think we may look for a rising tide 
of Christian zeal and effort in the Friends church, 
to withstand and counteract the conspiracy of Sa- 
tan to revive heathenism and spread infidelity through 
the secret lodge system. 

A vast multitude gathered on the Sabbath at the 
yearly meeting; as many as eight or ten thousand 
persons were there. In the evening, meetings were 
held in most, if not all of the city churches, by the 
Friends. I was company with one of their 
ministers, to the Free Methodist church of Oskaloosa. 
I distributed some literature among the Friends, 
and conferred with Bro. Hanson in regard to the 
outlook in Dakota. I think the way will open for 
Secretary Stoddard to hold a convention in Dakota, 
and revive the Dakota State auxiliary to the N. C. A. 
I conferred with the Friends in regard to future 
reform work in their localities, and as to how we 
could best spread reform literature through the 
State,and took my departure before the annual meet- 
ing adjourned, and came to Henry county. I went to 
Wyman and called on Mr. Dodds, a staunch reform- 
er of the Covenanter church. He subscribed for a 
second year's reform work, and furnished me a horse 
to ride. He also paid me $7.50 that he had collect- 
ed on last year's subscription to the State Associa- 
tion. I called upon Rev. Mr. Black, the pastor of 
the Covenanter church of Wyman. Here I met Rev. 
Acheson, pastor of the Covenanter church of Hop- 
kinton, Delaware county, and enjoyed a very pleas- 
ant interview. Rev. Black renewed his subscription 
to the Cynosure; and he and Rev. Acheson ex- 
pressed their sympathy with the reform work. T. 
G. Dunn, J. H. Graham, T. G. Graham, J. K. Can- 
on, L M. Sampson, and 0. L. Sampson gave sub- 
scriptions or donations to the Iowa work. 

Saturday and Sabbath I spent with Rev. Geo. Fry, 
assisting him in his quarterly meeting services. On 
Monday I went to Swedesburgh, and on my return 
I found Mr. John Robison of the Ainsworth United 
Presbyterian congregation. By invitation I went 
home with him, two miles south of Ainsworth, and 
spent the night. The next morning he took me to 
Ainsworth, and introduced me to several of the 
brethren of the church. The question of having a 
lecture against the secret society system in the future 
was favorably considered. Among the rest he intro- 
duced me to Mr. Thompson, a seceding Mason of 
three degrees. He manifested a warm interest in 
having the lodge system discussed in Ainsworth. 
I asked him if he had examined the revelations of 
Freemasonry. He said he had carefully examined 
Mr. Ronayne's Handbook, and he found it very ac- 
curate. He said he had witnessed some thrilling 
scenes in the lodge. He spoke of one candidate 
who, alarmed and angered by the savage threats of 
the three ruffians, determined to defend himself 
against their attempts to take his life. But in vain 
did the poor blind candidate struggle to avert his 
coming doom. The ruffian, Jubelum, had broken 
his setting maul, so that his declaration, "I hold in 
my hand an instrument of death," seemed an idle 
threat. But, alas, the poor, blind candidate could 
not, therefore, escape his vengeance. Instead of 
his setting maul, the ruffian grasped an unabridged 
dictionary and struck the candidate in the forehead, 
and if he did not literally break his skull, he did 
knock him senseless into the canvas. But he was 
not killed, as the man in the Geneva Lodge was, 
and so after he had been in the canvas, or been Ma- 
sonically buried, long enough to revive, they cjould 
play at resurrecting him. 

But will Christians play at MURDER, and then blas- 
phemously assume to resurrect their victims? Will 
Christians submit to, and join in, the ceremonies of 
ancient craft Masonry, when they know that they 
are a revival of the ceremonies of the ancient hea- 
then Baal worship? Will Christians join in these 
ceremonies, when they know that they are processes 
of regeneration according to the religion of Free- 
masonry, as taught by the authority of the Grand 
Lodges? Will Christians, I repeat, endorse and 
sanction a religion that assumes to regenerate by 
heathen ceremonies, and to sanctify by the strict ob- 
servance of obligations that bind to sin, and that 
practices a deistical worship? Can a man practice 

the ^ . 

encroachments of the lodge upon the church; and a religion that binds to sin, that ignores Christ, and 

OoTOBEa 6, 188» 


that is pagan in its ceremonies, and not be a friend, 
yea, a worshiper of Satan? And can u man be a 
friend of Christ who is also a friend of Satan? One 
query more: Will Christ accept the worship of that 
man who is also a worshiper of devils? 

May the omnipotent Christ, by the power of the 
Holy Ghost, break the mesmeric spell of Satan, and 
give these lodge worshipers to see that they cannot 
drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of devils; 
that they cannot be partakers of the Lord's table 
and the table of devils. Oh, my brethren, what con- 
cord hath Christ with Belial? and What part hath he 
that believeth with an infidel? Will you not, then, 
come out and be separate? .Will you not so heart- 
ily renounce this abomination as not to touch the 
unclean thing? Yours in Jesus, C. F. Hawlky. 


Milton, Wis., Sept. 30, 1887. 

The annual convention of the Wisconsin State 
Christian Association for 1887 is an event of the 
past, and those attending pronounced it a time of 
refreshing and inspiration for renewed effjrt. In 
the absence of the president, J. W. Wood, vice-pres- 
ident Rev. Isaiah Faris took the chair, and Mrs. W. 
W. Ames ably and acceptably performed the duties 
of her husband as secretary. Bro. Arnold's illus- 
trated lectures on the two evenings preceding had 
awakened a good deal of interest, and assured a full 
house and attentive evening audience. The day ses- 
sions were largely devotional, interspersed with per- 
sonal experiences, brief speeches and necessary bus- 
iness. Bro. Faris's address on secrecy as a basis 
of organization was able, original, and justly deserv- 
ing of the undivided attention it received from every 
thoughtful person present. Bro. F. has promised 
the substance of his address for the readers of the 
Cynosure, and I am confident that it will be read 
with marked interest and profit by all. A Bible 
reading lead by Bro. Butler occupied most of the 
forenoon of the second day, and as this is a com- 
munity of Bible readers, the exercises were intelli- 
gent and characterized by great thoroughness. 

Bro. Faris was obliged to leave on the 1 o'clock 
p. M. train to meet previous engagements, and vice- 
president Elder N. Wardner took the chair. The 
minor secret orders were discussed at some length, 
and several instances given showing the identity of 
the whole system of secretism. Delegates were ap- 
pointed to the National Prohibition Conference in 
Chicago,and appropriate resolutions reported by the 
committee considered and adopted, all of which will 
be reported with the proceedings of the convention 
by the secretary. J. P. Stoddard. 


Dear Cynosure:— I left Rome, Ga., on the 22nd 
and came South to Cave Springs, Ga., a pleasant, 
quiet village of 1,000 inhabitants and the seat of the 
Deaf Mute Schools for the State. The town owes 
its name to a magnificent spring and is in the midst 
of beautiful hills and a fair farming country. It has 
two hotels and no saloon. The school building for 
white mutes is commodious and surrounded with 
beautiful grounds. That for the colored is newer 
and there have been no pains taken for adornment. 
It illustrates the power of Southern prejudice that 
these mutes, who work together in the same shops, 
should have to be, at great additional expense, edu- 
cated separately. These schools can only include 
but a fraction of this unfortunate class. There are 
but eighteen colored and about thirty -six white pu- 
pils, though I was told that later in the season the 
number would be increased. 

The superintendent of the colored school, Rev. M. 
M. Alston, gave me much information and showed 
me much kindness. He, with three other colored 
ministers, has been caught in the lodge net. They 
are all Freemasons, Odd-fellows, or both. All ad- 
mitted that the lodges worked much evil to the 
churches, but the Baptist brother was strongly in the 
belief that Masonry was founded on the Bible and 
was fully recognized and endorsed by it, though, as 
usual, he failed to find the passages. Others had 
never heard that there were any objections to the 
system, but all treated me most kindly and gladly 
received our literature. 

From there I came to Anniston, Ala. This, like 
Cave Springs, is a "dry town." In both cases the 
absence of the dram shops is most noticeable. But 
Anniston is essentially a New England village. 
Large factories keep up a constant bum and roar. 
Long' rows of tenement houses exactly alike show 
where are thfi homes of the operatives, while great 
quantities of pig and rolled iron and bales oi cotton 
and cotton goods tell what is being accomplished. 
One' of the largest and finest hotels of the Souih is 
known as "The Inn." 

all seem well patronized. New blocks of buildings 
are going up in every direction. They are all large 
and substantial brick structures and this town prom- 
ises to rival Birmingham as a manufacturing city. 

The Congregational church (colored) has a large 
new house of worship, about the finest in the city. 
Its pastor was holding a series of meetings, assisted 
by Rev. Snell of Birmingham. The Knights of La- 
bor, both white and colored, are numerous and 
strong, but other secret societies seem not to have 
obtained much foothold. 

The field was not promising and I left Saturday, 
the 24th, on the narrow-guage road for Talladega, 
where I found the school had not yet opened. The 
term commences Oct. Ist. Pres. DeForest is still 
North, though his family are here I was most 
kindly received by the treasurer. Prof. Silsber, and 
was assigned a most pleasant room at Stone Hall, 
and I take my meals at Foster Hall, which is under 
the care of the new matron. Miss Topping, from Ol- 
ivet, Mich. Every one connected with this school 
that I have met is thoroughly in sympathy with 
our reform, and nowhere have I received greater 
personal kindness. The past year was a good one 
and the prospects of the school are excellent. A 
large addition is being made to the primary depart- 
ment. The new bull ing is not yet completed. The 
sleepy old town is waking and putting on new life. 
The corn and cotton crops have been fairly good and 
there is not so much want and distress among the 
poor. The college farm under the management of 
Mr. Bishop, who is enthusiastic in his profession, is 
fairly successful and a good object lesson to the 
old-time farmers around. 

Yesterday forenoon I listened to a carefully pre- 
pared sermon from Bro. Sims, a theological student. 
At 3 p. M. I preached to a full house in the Second 
Baptist church (colored) and at night in the A. M. E. 
Zion church. In both cases I dwelt at some length 
on the unchristian character of the lodge, and I 
think had the sympathies of most that heard me. 
The pastors of these two churches were formerly 
students in this school, and are in sympathy with 
its objects and teachings. Rev. Barton, the Baptist 
pastor, told me six years ago that he was a Mason 
and saw no evil in Masonry. Now he says he has 
long been suspended for non-payment of dues and 
has no desire ever to see the inside again. Rev. 
Carter has never joined any lodge, though he says 
his bishop has often urged him to become a Mason. 
Both gladly accepted tracts and papers and heartily 
endorsed what I said to their people. 

I expect to go from here to Selma, Ala., and to 
remain some time in that part of the State. The 
cool northern winds are bringing back the energy 
that was well nigh exhausted by the long summer 
heat. The mountains loom up grandly in the dis- 
tance and I feel like singing, 

"Thus tar the Lord hath led me on, 
Thus far his power prolongs my days, 
And every evening shall make known 
Some fresh memorial of his grace." 

H. H. HiNMAN. 

ran down to Belvidere, 111., to meet with the State 
anti-secret convention. Though the rain fell all af- 
ternoon and evening, yet the attendance was en- 
couraging. It was pleasant to meet so many of the 
veterans in the war with secrecy. The church most 
strongly represented was the Wesleyan Methodist. 
I am satisfied that this denomination stands more 
squarely on the anti-secret issue than any church in 
the United States. There are few of their ministers 
who do not read the Cynosure. They are also a unit 
on the National Reform question. I have often 
thought if the old Covenanter church ever cuts 
loose and drifts with the tide, I will apply for a 
ticket on board the old Wesleyan Methodist. Bro. 
John Harper, of the U. P. church, Smiihville, 111., 
who is as much interested in the anti-secret reform 
as any pastor, in his denomination,told me once that 
if the old U. P. church ever drifted from its moor- 
ings, and the gang plank of the Covenanter church 
was out, he would embark on it; if not, he would try 
for a passage on board the Wesleyan Methodist 
The Covenanters, next to the Wesleyans, are the 
most interested in thej anti-secret work, but I was 
sorry that neither they nor the United Presbyteri- 
ans were represented at this convention except bv 
the writer. I know that Dr. Kennedy of the U. P. 
church at Somonauk.and Bro. Harper of Smithville, 
and Bro. White of Hanover are deeply interested in 
this reform. Bro. Harper once purchased $40 
worth of N. C. A. literature at his own expense to 
distribute among his people. But these brethren 
are so educated as to regard the truth as a unit; 
they can't maintain one part at the expense of put- 
ting down another. Thev have so strongly imbibed 
Dr. Blanchard's idea of the tremendous seducing 
power of false worships that they will not counte- 
nance the singing of anything in worship but the 
divinely-inspired Psalms. They believe it matters 
little who makes the laws of a church, if "Tom, 
Dick and Harr^-" make their songs. Now I verily 
believe these good brethren do not feel at home in 
N. C. A. meetings, because none of their inspired 
Bible Psalms are sung. Bro. J. D. Smith of Lodi, 
Wis., is at work selecting a dozen or more of the 
best National Reform and anti-secret Psalms, in or- 
der to have them printed on slips to be used in re- 
form meetings. And who would object to giving 
them a trial,selecting some of the old familiar tunes 
that all may sing? M. A. Gault. 


On the bank of the Fox river, nine miles north of 
Portage, Wis., I found a psalm-singing U P. min- 
ister's family, who take the Cynosure, Statesman, 
Voice, Prohibitionist and InUrxictor. His four boys, 
Thurlow, Everett, John and Willie, and the mother 
are good singers and make the house ring with the 
melody of the old Psalms at morning and evening 
worship. They are saturated with the ideas of these 
reform papers, and the boys, with their old reform 
horse "Prince," took me out to three meetings and 
around the congregation, talking up our work. The 
father, Bro R. G. Campl)ell, was away preaching in 
Iowa. He says the great danger threatening the 
destruction of the church as well as the nation is the 
influence of secret organizations. In most towns he 
visits these secret orders lead young men away from 
the church and absorb their interest; they educate 
them to desecrate the Sabbath by their Sunday pa- 
rades and excursions. 

At Janesville I preached in two of the leading 
churches on Sabbath, and ftmud a pleasant home 
with Mr. and Mrs. Stevens, the only (}yuo»ure read- 
ers in town. Those Cytuisure people always have 
their latch strings out for nform pilgrims. Bro. 
W. F. Brown, the scholarly pastor of tho Presbyter- 
ian church, took me home for dinner. He never saw 
the C^/nosure or hoard the Blanchards. How true 
that half the world know not how the other hnlf 
live. I said to an intelligent Janesville lady, "D> 
you know where the early home of Frances K Wil- 
lard was? Sue replied, "Francis E. VVilUrU? Who 
was ho?" 

After two days spent in riding over Rock Prairie 
There are several others and and addressing two tneetings in the U. P. church, I 


A few evenings ago we had the pleasure of hear- 
ing W. B. Stoddard, the State agent of the Ohio 
Christian Association. About two hundred persons 
assembled in the United Presbyterian church at the 
appointed time. This was Mr Stoddard's first ap- 
pearance before a Mansfield audience, but as he is 
not particularly timid,that did not seem to atlect him 
any, and for an hour and a half he spoke with ease 
and power, showing the anti-Christian character of 
the lodge,and pleading with the young men to weigh 
well his words and closely examine from the out- 
side before they sought entrance into the dark 

As usual there were some who said the speaker 
did not know what he was talking about, and tried 
to turn it ofl with a jest; otherwise his lecture was 
well received. Mr. Stoddard is an indefatigable 
worker and is sowing the seed throughout the State 
in a lively manner. He is doing a good work and 
we are glad to encourage him on bis way. He is 
now working up the State meeting, which will con- 
vene in a month or six weeks. We ask for him the 
support of all who love this cause. 

S. A. Gkobqb. 


Milton Junction, Wis., Sept 26, 1887. 

Dear Cynosure: — Yesterday morning Mr. M. N. 
Butler put in an Appearance at the regular church 
services at East Fulton. He gave a short account 
of the Belvidere meeting, also the notice of the com- 
ing State convention and requested the privilege of 
holding a Bible reading in the evening, which was 
readily granted, I am told. I don't ka'>w wis'- kiud 
Sf a punishment he is deserving of, for he di J not 
bk*v)rm the audience what the subject would bt>, and 
of course the unsusppcting, innocent, Bible-loviog 
people of Eist Fulton did not dream that any hirm 
could come from a Bible-reading; but how thoy were 
disappointed I 

The first part of his reading boing on temp — ince 
was plensing and highly appricititt-d.asfar a-« I • u'd 
judge; but the last p irt r- minded me very sKingly 
of the old d«rke\'8 revival meeting, when h '»r tri.T 
minister came to see him and Wiis invittMl t<> p ach 
with the injunction that be "mustn't sayaa^tniog 
about stealin' as it would throw a ooldueM osvx Ibe 


October 6, 1887 

meetin'." So when Mr. Butler read the words, "In 
secret have I said nothing," so severe a chill seized 
upon a part of the congregation that even a very 
large dose of quinine could not have removed it. 

Now we do not want the Cynosure to get a wrong 
impression of the East Fulton anti-secrecy workers. 
They are very strongly opposed to secrecy,but don't 
believe in talking about it all the time, and as it has 
only been nine years since we had a lecture on the 
subject, they consider Mr. Butler's talk entirely out 
of place. The people of this place have been warn- 
ed enough, and if they choose to go on in the wrong 
way we should throw no stumbling stones in their 
path. It is distinctly understood that we are an 
anti-secrecy people, and that is all that is sufficient. 
So say some. However.there are anti-secrecy people 
here that can't be killed. Praise the Lord, my 

Some of us enjoyed Mr. Butler's talk very much 
for it came in answer to the prayers of years, and 
from the very depths of our hearts we sang:"Praise 
God from whom all blessings flow," that once 
more on the shore of time and in that dear old 
church we were permitted to hear, flashing from the 
earnest mind of one standing on the rock Christ 
Jesu8,the words of God's eternal truth on one of the 
eading topics of the day. 

On looking the ground over and hearing the re- 
marks made by different ones 1 am convinced that 
Mr. Butler's reading has done good and that the 
anti-secrecy cause is in a more favorable condition 
in our place than ever before. If this proves to be 
true we must follow it up in some way. 

And now we are standing on the eve of our annual 
meeting and our hearts are lifted to God as never 
before for success in our work. Oh, may we all be 
united and lay firm hold on the promises that never 
fail, is the earnest prayer of your co-laborer in the 
vineyard of the Master, Mattie S. Iiarvey. 



DeKalb, Iowa. 

Many of the Cynomre readers will doubtless re- 
member of a Dr. Quigley, who tried to burn up a 
dead body along with his office in Redding, Iowa, to 
procure life insurance money. He absconded, but 
was captured and brought back to Ringgold county 
for trial, when he took a change to Decatur county, 
where he was convicted and sentenced to a term in 
the penitentiary. I am informed by a man who has 
taken twenty-two degrees in Freemasonry that the 
money of the lodges caused the sheriff to sleep while 
on the cars guarding the prisoner to his supposed 
and lawful destination; the train also ran slow while 
the conductor turned his back,and the doctor stepped 
off the cars and made good his escape. He never 
arrived at the prison. 

This summer there was a crime committed on the 
person, I am informed, of a Mason's wife. The sup- 
posed criminal was easily captured and lodged in 
jail at Leon. The man was taken from prison in the 
night and hanged without judge or jury, because he 
could not give the grand hailing sign. It is claimed 
by many, and I think generally believed, that the 
mob that performed the lynching was composed of 
Masons and Odd-fellows. Public opinion is divided 
as to the man's innocence or guilt. If the man was 
guilty or innocent he would get justice in the courts 
and the law vindicated, if it was not for lodgery. It 
is time that the voters of this country should wake 
up to the fact that "something rotten"is holding the 
offices of trust and honor, for "Justice is turned 
away back and Equity has fallen in our streets." 

Cybds Smith. 


Beloit, Kans. 

In reading different reports from Lake Bluff, as 
well as other instances where the right hand of fel- 
lowship has been given by the leaders of the W. C. 
T. U. to organizations that savor so much of a mix- 
ture of evil with the good, I have been so filled with 
fear lest great harm might come to our dear Union 
through afiiliation with these associations that I shall 
not be uncondemned unless I speak out on the sub- 

From quite a retired standjwint I have been look- 
ing out upon the great moral battlefield, and watch- 
ing with a very jealous eye the wooings of artful 
enemies. The cunning of the arch fiend forbids any 
bold attack on the White Ribbon Army, therefore 
lie transforms himself into an angel of light, and 
with fawning advances seeks to decoy this enemy 
of bis into a snare that will surely bring defeat It 
will not do foi the W. C. T. U. to lay her head in 

the lap of the Delilah of secretism in any form, nor 
her hand in the paw of papacy, or nod gracefully to 
that institution that has "no prayers nor religious 
services." The chief end of man is to glorify God, 
and we have no right to any "business" that is not 
religious service and needs prayer without ceasing. 
God help us to watch as well as pray. 

Mrs. L. T. McKune. 


New Iberia, La., Sept, 24th, 1887. 

Dear Editor: — Since I wrote you last Mr. Peter 
Howe sent word to Mr. Gunner to have the school 
building put in good repair and furnished with 
proper seats and desks, stating that he would pay 
the bills. Mr. G. went right to work and ordered 
material and set carpenters and painters to 
work, and the place is now undergoing a rapid trans- 
formation. Books and papers for a library and a 
piano are among the things very much needed for 
present use. School will open in October. 

This community has met with a great loss in the 
death of Miss Kate Gunner, sister of Rev. Byron 
Gunner. She was an intelligent young lady, and a 
graduate of Straight University, New Orleans. She 
had taught a private school here for a year,and did a 
great amount of good by her teaching and quiet 
Christian example, and was to be one of the teach- 
ers in "Howe Institute." She went home to Marion, 
Ala.,thi8 summer to see her father and other friends, 
and after a pleasant visit of three or four weeks she 
took sick,and after suffering very patiently for about 
a month with heart disease she died on the 3rd of 
this month. She is greatly lamented by old and 
young. Sarah A. Farley. 

Bible Lesson. 


LESSON III.— Oct. 16.— Power to Forgive Sins.— Matt. 9 : 1-8. 

GOLDEN TEXT.— The Son of man hath power on earth to 
forgive sins.'— Matt. 9 : 6. 

[Open the Bible and read the les8on.^ 


1. Jesus, the Great Physician, vs. 1-8. This case is 
unique in the fact that reference is made entirely, not to 
the faith of the sick man, but to the faith of those who 
brought him. We are told by Mark and Luke that una 
ble to make a passage through the crowd, they uncovered 
the roof where he was and let him down into the midst 
before Jesus . They were not to be turned back in this 
purpose by any difficulty or any obstacle. Theirs was 
the kind of faith which removes mountains. That is not 
faith which always sees its path clear, which no walls of 
Jericho stretch before, no lion in the way seeks to daunt, 
We are not told that the sick man had no faith, but 
unquestionably it was that exercised by his four friends 
which brought him the blessing. We may not limit the 
Lord's power, or say how far faith must be personal and 
individual. He who has taught us to pray for others 
will surely honor faith for others. The risk is always in 
exercising too little, not too much. Christ began the 
work of cure by forgiving his sins. Bodily healing must 
follow soul healing. The whole man must be changed, 
made one with God, and then he will keep those divine 
laws of health which are written in his being. A great 
physiologist has said, "Nature is kind; she always meets 
the repentant half way." And when a man is made spir 
itually whole, natural law and spiritual law work together 
for his healing. In forgiveness of sins we have the 
guarantee of all lesser blessings. That the power of 
Christ can make a drunken sot, pure and honored and 
respected; that he can make a frivolous, ease-loving soul 
earnest and self-sacrificing, is the real test of his divinity, 
And at the same time let us not lose sight of one of the 
most important lessons which the story of this miracle is 
intended to convey: not to divorce what the Psalmist so 
beautifully joins together, "Who forgiveth all thy sins, 
who healeth all thy diseases." 

2. The Calling of Matthew, v. D. Matthew is careful 
to mention what the other evangelists omit — his obnox- 
ious calling, as if to give special prominence to the fact 
that his Lord was no respecter of persons. There is a 
sense in which all who are not following Christ are like 
Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom. They are 
looking out for all the world cau give them, whether of 
pleasure or gain. They are trying to make the world 
tributary to their own selfishness. No Christian ever 
says, "The world owes me a living." The world is not 
his master and there cannot be between them any account 
either of debt or credit. 

;{. Dijferencex hetteeen ChHst'a religion and the Phari- 
seeti'. vs. 10-18. Doctrines so now would naturally 
arouse caviling; and when Christ went publicly to dine 

with the publican, Matthew, the offended Pharisees ask 
the disciples, "Why eateth your Master with publicans 
and sinners?" — a question which was probably at this 
early stage of their discipleship too hard for them. But 
it is not them that are whole or who think themselves 
whole that need a physician, but they who are sick. To 
think one's self good enough already is to stand outside the 
pale of Christ's mission. This is the .great evil of the 
lodge system taken at its best. It teaches that the prac- 
tice of certain virtues, certain duties, have in themselves 
a saving power, and thus inculcate a selfish, utterly 
Christless morality that keeps its deluded votaries from 
ever seeking the true Light. The disciples of the ascetic 
John have another question to ask, why Christ's disciples 
neglect fasting. They did not understand that the whole 
genus of the new dispensation is opposed to the old; that 
one was narrow, the other broad as the universe; that one 
made much of the Spirit, the other of the mere letter. 
While religion always remains the same, the forms of 
religion vary with human needs. The monastic, mystical 
type of Kempis and Madame Guyon have passed away, 
with what we may call the theological type of the last 
century. We have instead an era when religion takes 
the form of great personal activity. Mission, evangelical 
and reform work have taken the place of abstract medi- 
tation and theological subtleties. It is not so much lit- 
eral fasting as plain and abstemious living which is now 
the duty of Christian laborers. In the words of Lowell . 

"New occasions teach new duties; Time makes ancient good 

uncouth ; 
They must upward still and onward who would keep abreast of 


From Peloubet's Notes. 

"Thy sins be forgiven thee." This forgiveness was 
doubtless the very boon which, above all others, the 
young man needed and desired. Jesus was reading his 
heart. His affliction had been blessed to him. It had 
led him first to thoughtfulness; then to repentance; and 
now to the Saviour of sinners, who assured him of the 
forgiveness of his sins. Possibly, too, there may have 
been in this case a peculiar connection between the 
youth's sins and his sickness. The one may have been 
cause, the other effect. If so, his penitence would proba- 
bly be all the deeper; and his joy would be all the greater, 
when the loving Saviour looked into his eyes, »nd said 
into his ears, and to his heart, Thy sins are forgiven. 
Take ncte, says Luther, of the thy. — Morison. 

"Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?" Your 
minds. Why do you judge me thus unkindly? Why do 
you charge me with blasphemy? (1) Their thoughts 
were evil in themselves, because they regarded the high- 
est life as a blasphemy, and also, (2) because they ex- 
pressed not openly their scruples. — Lange. And (3) 
because they exercised a malevolent spirit and unkind 
judgment. Chrysostom notes the gentleness of Christ's 
rebuke: "He said not, O accursed and sorcerers, as ye 
are; O ye envious and enemies of men's salvation, but. 
Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?" And he applies 
Christ's example to the modern teacher: "We must, you 
see, use gentleness, to eradicate the disease; since he who 
has become better through the fear of man, will quickly 
return to wickedness again." — Abbott. 

"For whether is easier to say," etc. In our Lord's ar- 
gument it must be carefully noted that he does not ask 
which is easier, to forgive sins, or to raise a sick man — 
for it could not be affirmed that that of forgiving was 
easier than this of healing — but, which is easier, to claim 
this power w that; to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee, or to 
say. Arise and walk? "That {i.e., the former) is easier; 
and I will now prove my right to say it by saying it with 
effect, and with an outward consequence setting its seal 
to my truth, the harder word, Arise and walk. By doing 
that which is capable of being put to the proof, I will 
vindicate my right and power to do that which in its 
very nature is incapable of being proved. It would be 
easier for a man equally ignorant of the French and Chi- 
nese languages to claim to know the last than the first. 
Not that the language itself is easier, but that in the one 
case multitudes could disprove his claim, in the other 
hardly a scholar or two in the land. — Trench. 

Hbaling of the Body. — 1. Christ came to undo the 
evil which Satan had done, to counteract all the works 
of the devil. 2 . Diseases of the body are the result of 
the diseases of the soul, and must be cured. 3. Christ 
proved that he could heal the soul of sin, by healing the 
body of disease. 4. He proved that he could heal all the 
evils of mankind. His healings foreshadowed the effect 
of his religion upon the world. He makes the dead in 
sin to be alive, and reveals the resurrection and the life. 
He opens the eyes of the spiritually blind : he is the light 
of the world. He casts out the devils of sin from the 
heart and from the community. He calms the tempest 
of sorrow with his ' Peace, be still." He delivers the 
soul from all its imperfections. 5 He heals the body 
usually by the means he has prepared in nature, bv the 
general influences for good in the Christian religion, just 
as he usually heals men's souls by the ordinary means of 
grace — P. 

A Parable of Redemption. — This miracle may be 
regarded as an enacted parable of sin and redemption. 
The paralytic typifies (1) the sinner by his original help- 
lessness (Isa. 40: 30; John 6: 44); (2) faith, by his ear- 
nestness to come to Christ in spite of obstacles (Ps. 25 : 
15; 86: 2, 7); (3) a common Christian experience, by the 
delay he suffers between his repentance and faith a7id 
AtV cure (Jas. 5: 7, 8); and (4) the power of divine grace, 
in the ability to obey Christ's command, reooivod in the 
very attempt to comply with it (Phil. 4: 13).— Abbott. 

October 6, 1887 


In Brief. 

The estimated number of acres restored 
to the public domain during August is 
21,323,600, exclusive of 1,513,000 acres 
within the limits of the Indian reserva- 

A ship has brought intelligence to San 
Francisco that the population of Pitcairn 
Island has increased to 107, of whom 57 
are women, and that but three deaths 
have occurred in the past three years. 
This is the island on which the mutinous 
crew of the ship Bounty took refuge in 

A granite shaft recently quarried by 
the Bodwell Granite company in Vinal- 
haven. Me., is the largest piece of stone 
ever quarried on earth, and if erected will 
be the highest, largest, and heaviest sin- 
gle piece of stone now standing or that 
ever stood, so far as there is any record. 
It considerably exjeeds in length any of 
the Egyptian obelisks. The shaft is 115 
feet long. 10 feet square at the base, and 
weighs 850 tons. 

Miss Alice Fletcher, the student of In- 
dian household customs, says that among 
the Sioux, when one family borrows a 
kettle from another, it is expected that 
when the kettle is returned a small por- 
tion of the food that has been cooked in 
it will be left in the bottom. The lan- 
guage has a particular word to designate 
this remnant. "Should this custom be 
disregarded by any one, that person 
would never be able to borrow again, as 
the owner must always know what was 
cooked in her kettle." A white woman, 
on one. occasion, returned a scoured ket- 
tle, intended to teach a lesson in cleanli- 
ness; but her act became the talk of the 
camp as a fresh example of the meanness 
of the whites. 

"While practicing law a number of 
years ago," said Judge Tourgee, "T had a 
peculiar will case. An old lady who was 
a slave holder, dying, bequeathed her 
colored man, John, and her dusky maid, 
Jane, who sustained to each other the 
relation of husband and wife, to the trus- 
tees of the church, 'to be used as far as 
possible for the glory of God.' I was 
curious to know what course was taken, 
and upon investigation found that after 
meditation and prayer, the trustees sold 
their legacy at auction, and with the pro- 
ceeds sent a missionary to China." 

The public school system of East St. 
Louis is said to be the most thoroughly 
demoralized system in the State. Owing 
to the plundering of the municipal treas- 
ury for the last five years the county 
could not find the means to build school- 
houses, and therefore four of the large 
schools are held in buildings controlled 
by as many denominations of the Chris- 
tian religion. These are the Lutheran, 
Catholic, Methodist, and German Catho- 
lic. Heretofore the School Board has 
appointed the teachers to these schools 
at the dictation of the pastors of these 
churches. The teachers in the building 
owned by the Lutherans would be teach- 
ing that religion in the public school, the 
same with the Catholics and the others, 
until the schools became. almost wholly 
secUrian. Monday, however, the board 
did not consult the pastors, and this so 
enraged them that they locked up the 
rooms and refused to allow the schools 
to open unless they could name the teach- 
ers. The board says it will not be dic- 
tated to, and is looking for other quar- 

A y year-old son of Hiram Taylor of 
Wilmington, O., mystericuiely disappeared 
about thirteen months ago. He was an 
unusually bright child, not worse than 
the average boy. He hoarded up his 
money, read books of travel, and was 
passionately fond of horses. Search was 
made, but all traces of the child appeared 
lost. One day last week a letter was re- 
received by Mr. Taylor from the lost boy. 
It bore the date of Cape Town, Africa, 
and recited that, having |;30, the boy had 
resolved to "go around the world." He 
had left Wilmington on a freight train, 
stolen his way to Columbus, paid his fare 
to Philadelphia and beat his passtge to 
New York, where he found no ditliculty 
in getting on board of a ship. He said 
he was in fine health, had been well 
treated, and was about to sail for Hong 
Kong. Thence he would go to San Fran- 
cisco, then come home. He neglected, 
purposely perhaps, to give the names of 
the vessels on which he had sailed. Mr. 
Taylor is a conlractinir painter and well 
known.— .»r. Y. World. 

The American Party. 

FiKST Nomination for President at Oberlin, 
Oliio, May 23, ISW. 
Platform Adopted at Chicago, June 28, 


Name Adopted at Syracuse, N. Y., June 3, 
1874. .» -. • "1 


1872 — Charles Francis Adams and Joseph L. 

1876— James B. Walker and Donald Kirkpat- 

1880— J. W. Phelps and Samuel C. Pomcroy. 

1884— J . Blanchard and J. A.Conant nomi- 
nated; the former witLdrawing, Samuel C. 
Pomcroy was nominated. Both nominees with- 
drawing, the support of the party was generally 
given to John P. St. John and William Daniel, 
candidates of the Prohibition party. 


District of Columbia, E. D. Bailey; Ala- 
bama, Jesse Ward ; Arkansas, Charles Paget ; 
Connecticut, Phillip Bacon; Dakota, A. F. 
Dempsey; Florida, J. F. Galloway; Illinois, C. 
N. Stratton; Indiana, Israel Hess; Iowa, J. N. 
Norrls; Kansas, H. Curtis; Maine, J. 8. Rice; 
Massachusetts, 8 A. Pratt; Michigan, H. A. 
Day; Minnesota, E. J. Payne; Mississippi, E. 
Tapley ; Nebraska, E. B. Graham ; New York, 
F. W; Capwell; New Jersey, Robert Arm- 
strong; New Hampshire, S. C. Kimball; Ohio, 
J. M. Scott; Pennsylvania, N. Callender; 
Rhode Island, A. M, Paull; Tennessee, R. N. 
Countee ; Vermont, F. F. French ; Wisconsin, 
M. R. Britten. 



1. That ours is a Christian and not a heathen 
nation, and that the God of the Christian Scrip- 
tures is the author of civil government. 

2. That the Bible should be associated with 
books of science and literature in all our edu- 
cational institutions. 

3. That God requires, and man needs a Sab- 

4. We demand the prohibition of the Impor 
tation, manufacture, and sale of intoxicating 

5. We hold that the charters of all secret 
lodges granted by our Federal and State Legis- 
latures should be withdrawn, and their oaths 
prohibited by law. 

6. We are opposed to putting prison labor or 
depreciated contract labor from foreign coun- 
tries in competition with free labor to benefit 
manufacturers, corporations or speculators. 

7. We are In favor of a revision and enforce- 
ment of the laws concerning patents and Inven- 
tions; for the prevention and punishment of 
frauds either upon inventors or the general 

8. We hold to and wUl vote lor woman suf- 

9. That the civil equality secured to all 
American ci'izens by Articles 13, 14 and 15 of 
our amended National Constitution should be 
preserved inviolate, and the same equality 
should be extended to Indians and Chinamen. 

10. That international differences should be 
settled by arbitration. 

11. That land and other monopolies should 
be discouraged. 

12. That the general govermnent thould fur- 
nish tha peoni* wOit mm A.iwnl« <ui4 mwud aor- 

13. That It should be the settled policy of the 
government to reduce tariffs and taxes as rap- 
idly as the necessities of revenue and vested 
business interests will allow. 

14. That polygamy should be Immediately 
suppressed uy law, and that the Republican 
party is censurable for the long neglect of its 
duty in respect to this evil. 

15. And, finally, we demand for the Ameri- 
can people the abolition of electoral colleges, 
and a direct vote for President and Vice Presi 





This simple and touching story which 
was lately published in the Cyno- 
sun is now ready for orders in a beautiful 
pamphlet. It is worth reading by every 
Anti-mason -and especially by his wifb. 
9et it and take it home to cheer the heart 
of your companion who may desire to do 
something for Christ against great evils, 
but is discouraged from making any pub- 
lic effort. Pbicb, riirrBBN cbntb. Tt» 
for a doHnr 

ITational Christian Association. 


TbB URt tif nookimnil Trai'lgfur Kalr by rhi' Natmi 
AL CUKiKTiAN .\».sniM*TioN. r,inikll oviT cnrffnlly 
kud art) 1( lUorol» nolnonu'ihlng you w»nl for yimr 
•elf or for your friend. Band (or tnW oatAlMraa (o 

*U W. llADUOa WtWMMt. CXIOA*. 


Obnbbal AeBNT AKD Lbctubbb, J. p. 
Stoddard, 221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

H. H. Hinman, Cynosure office. 
Agent for Southern States. 
Statb Aobntb. 

Iowa, C. F. Hawley, Wayne, Henry 
Co. Care Rev. Geo. Fry. 

Missouri, Eld. Rufus Smith, Maryville. 

New Hampshire, Kid. S. C. Kimball, 
New Market. 

Ohio, W. B. Stoddard, Columbus. 

Kansas, Robert Loggan, Clifton. 

Alabama, Rev. G. M. Elliott, Selma. 

Dborbb Wobkbbs. — LSeceders.l 
J. K. Glassford, Carthage, Mo. 
Otheb Lbctttbbbs. 

C. A. Blanchard, Wheaton, 111. 
N. Callender, Thompson, Pa. 

J H. Tlmmons, Tarentum, Pa 

T. B. McCormlck, Princeton, Ind. 

E. Johnson, Dayton, Ind. 

H. A. Day, Wllllamstown, Mich. 

J. M. Bishop, Chambersburg, Pa. 

A. Mayn, Bloomlngton, Ind. 

J. B. Cresslnger, Sullivan, O. 

W. M. Love, Osceola, Mo. 

J. L. Barlow, Grundy Center, Iowa. 

A. D. Freeman, Downers Grove, 111 

Wm. FentoD St Paul, Minn. 

E. I. Grinnell, Blalrsburg, Iowa. 

Warren Taylor, South Salem, O. 

J. S. Perry, Thompson, Conn. 

J. T. Michael, New Wilmington, Ba. 

8. G. Barton, Breckinridge, Mo. 

E. Bametson, HasklnviUe, Steuben Co,!N. Y 

Wm. R. Roach, Pickering, Ont. 

D. A. Rlchard^ Brighton, Mich, 


The following denominations are com- 
mitted by vote of their legislative assem- 
blies or by constitution to a separation 
from secret lodge worship: 

Adventists (Seventh-day.) 

Baptists — Primitive, Seventh-day and 

Brethren (Dunkers or German Bap- 

Christian Reformed Church. 

Church of God Northern Indiana El- 

Congregational — The State Associations 
of Illinois and Iowa have adopted resolu- 
tions against the lodge. 

Disciples (in part.) 


Lutherans — Norwegian, Danieli, S#^«d- 
ish and Synodical Conferences. 


Methodists — Free and Wesleyan. 

Methodist Protestant (Minnesota Con 


Plymouth Brethren. 

Presbyterian — Associate, Reforme,! and 

Reformed Church (Holland Branch-) 

United Brethren in Christ. 

Individual churches in some of these 
denominations should be excepted, in part 
of them even a considerable portion. 

The following lOcal churches have, as a 
pledge to disfellowship and oppose lodge 
worship, given their names to the follow- 
ing list as 


New Ruhamah Cong. Hamilton, Miss. 

Pleasant Riilge Cong. Sandford Co. Ala. 

New Hope >ieth(xiist, Lowndes Co., Miss. 

Congregational, College Springs, Iowa. 

College Church of Christ. WTieaton, 111. 

First Congregational, Leiand, Mich. 

Sug"r Grove Church, Green county. Pa. 

Military Chapel, M. E., Lowndes county, 

Hopewell MlMlonary Baptist, Lowndes Co., 

Cedar Grove Miss, Baptist, Lowndes Ca, 

Simon's Chapel, M. E., Lowndes Co., Miss. 

Pleasant Ridge Miss. Baptist, Lowndes Co., 

Brownlpc Church, Caledonia, Mis*. 

Salem Churi-h, Lowndes Co., Mlsa. 

West Prcpton Baotlst Church. Wayne Co., Pa. 


adopting the same orinciple are — 

Baptist churchefl : N. Abington, Pa.:Meno- 
monie, Mondovi, Waubeck and Spring Prairie, 
Wis. ; Wheaton, HI. ; Perry, N. Y. ; Spring 
Creek, near Burlington. Iowa ; Lima, Ind. ; 
Constablevllle, N. Y. The "Good WIU Aseod- 
ton" of Mobile, Ala., comprising some twenty- 
five colored Baptist churches; Bridgewater 
Baptist Association, Pa.; Old Tebo Baptist, 
near LecsvUle, Henry Co., Mo. ; Hoopeeton, lU ; 
Esmen, 111. ; Slrvkersvlllc, N. Y. 

Congregational churches : 1st of Oberlin, O. ; 
Tonlca. Crystal Lake, Union and Big Wooda. 
III. ; Solsburr, Ind. ; Congregational Methodist 
Maplewood, Mass. 

Independent churches In Lowell, Country- 
man school house near Llndenwood, Mtwngo 
and Streator, 111. ; Bor«>aand CArap Nelson, Ky ; 
Ustlck, III. ; Clarkshurg, Kansas; State Associ- 
ation of Ministers and Chorchea of Chrlit 1h 



Presldbht.— H. H. George, D. D., Gen- 
eva College , Pa. 


Blanchard, Iowa. 

CoB. Sec'v and Gknbral Asbnt. — J 
P. Stoddard, 221 W. Madison st., Chicago. 

Reg. Sec'v. a»d Treasurbb. — W. I. 
Phillips, 221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

Directobs. — Alexander Thomson, Mi 
R. Britten, John Gardner, J. L. Barlow, 
L. N. Stratton. Thos. H. Gault, C. A. 
Blanchard, J. E- Roy, E. R. WorreU, H. 
A. Fischer, W. R. Hench. 

The object of this Association Is: 
"To expose, withstand and remove secrel 
societies. Freemasonry in particular, and other 
anti-Christian r^ovements, in order to save tha 
churches of Christ from being uepraved, to re- 
deem the adiuinlstry Uon of justice from pei^ 
version, and our rep jbUcan government from 

To carry on this work contributions are 
solicited from every friend of toe reform. 

Form of Beqcest. — J give and bequeath to 
the National Chri.stian Association, Incorpo 
rated and existing under the laws of the Stat« 

of Illinois, the s'lun of dollars for the 

purposes of said Association, and for which 
the receipt of its Treasurer for the time being 
^lall be sufficient dlscharoe. 


Prbbidbwt.— Rev. J. 8. McCulloch, 
D. D. 

Secretaby.— Rev. Lewis Johnson. 


Alabama.— Pres., Prof. Pickens; Sec, U. 
M. Elliott; Treae., Rev. C. B. Curtis, all of 

California.- Pres., L. B. Lathrop, Hollta- 
ter; Cor. Sec. Mrs. L. P. Merrill, Woodland; 
Treas., C. Ruddock, Woodland. 

CoNNBCTicrr.— Pres.. J. A. Conant, Willi- 
mantle ; Sec, Geo. Smith, WllUmantlc ; Treaa.. 
C. T. Collins, Windsor. 

Illinois.- Pres., J. L. Barlow, Wheaton; 
Sec, H. L. KeUogg; Treae., W. I. Phllllpa 
Cvnosuri office. 

INDIANA.— Pres., William H. Fleg, Reno 
Sec, S. L. Cook, Albion; Treas., Benj. Ulah 
BUver Lake. 

Iowa.— Pres., Geo. Warrington, Blrmlnit 
ham; Cor Sec, C. D. Trumbull. Mornlni- Sun: 
Trea«., James Harvey, Pleasant Plain, Jeffer- 
son Co. 

Kansas.— Pre*., J. P. Richards, Ft. Scott; 
Bee. W. W. McMillan, Olathe; Treaa., J. 
A. Torrence, N. Cedar. 

Massachosktts.- Free., 8.. A. Pratt; Sec, 
Mrs. E. D. BaUey ; Treas., David Manning 8r., 

Michigan.— Free.. D. A. Richards, Brighton ; 
Bec'y, H. A. Day, WlUlamston ; Treaa. 
Geo. Dwanaon, Jr., Bedfuiu. 

Minnbsota.- Prea., E. Q. Paine, Wasloja; 
Cor. Sec, W. H. McCheeney, Fairmont; Rec 
Bec'y, Thoe. Hartley, RlchUnd; Treaa., Wd. 
H. Morrill, St. Charles. 

MissoUBi.— Pre*., B. F. Miller, BaffleTlPe; 
Treae., WUllani Beaucbamp, Avalon ; Gor. 8*c., 
A. D. Thomae, Avalon. 

Nmbbasba.— Free., 8. Austin, Falnnomt; 
Cor. ftec, W. Bpooner, Kearney; Treae., 
J. C. Fye. 

NbwHampskibi — Free., Isaac Hyatt, oil 
ford Village; Bee, 8. C. Kimball, New Market 
Treas., James F. French, Canterbury. 

Nbw York.— Pres., F. W. Capwoll, Dale; 
Bec'y, John Wallace, Syracuse; Treas., M. 
Merrick, Syracuse. 

Ohio.— Free., Rev. R. M. Smith, PaKetowo: 
Rec Soc^ Rev. Coleman, Utlca; Cor. Sec and 
Treae., Rev. S. A. Gtvrge, Manafleld; Agmt, 
W. B. Stoddard, Columboa. 

Fbnnstlvania.— Frea., A. L. Po«t, Mob 
troec; Cor. bee, M. Callesder, TboapMOt 
Xreaft.,W. B. BertalfliWUkoeh»n«. 

Vbbmont.- Free.. W. R. Laird, 8t Johns 
bury; 8«., C. W Pottw. , , „ , 

WiBoojreni.-Prefcj J. W. Wood, Bwaboo. 
B«e., W. W- Aaaa.MuoiBonle;TTaM ILK. 



OcroBER 6, 1887 

The Christian Cynosure. 





The Iowa State Christian Association met at 
College Springs, October 18-20. The Free Meth- 
odist Conference has appointed its delegates and 
provided for their expenses by assessing the amount 
in trifling sums to each local conference. This is a 
charming plan, and worthy of being followed by 
other Christian denominations. Will not this prac- 
tically tfficient conference take in hand to establish, 
for once a month, a special concert of prayer for the 
overthrow of the lodge? or else cause it to be un- 
derstood that this is a leading object in every 
prayer meeting? 

A Sabbath Convention. — This convention is to 
meet in the large and beautiful Baptist church in 
Elgin, 111., November Slh and 9.h. The convention 
has been called by a committee appointed at a spe- 
cial meeting of Elgin Association, called for another 
purpose, but seemingly led to this work by the 
Spirit and providence of God. 

Palestine was once a populous grain-growing, graz- 
ing country, but now it '-lieth desolate" according 
to the word of God, Lev. 26: 34-43: "Then shall 
the land enjoy her Sdbbaths as long as it lieth deso- 
late, because it rested not while ye were upon it." 
It takes but one generation to turn a Christian into 
a heathen nation when it has no Sabbath, which is 
the only teschiog day for the other commandments 
of God. The various denominations unite In this 
Sabbath convention; the speaking will be good and 
the meeting interesting and very profitable if made 
the objtct of continuous, fervent prayer. 

Ooa EXCEiLiNT Mk. Callender, with seven as- 
sociates in Northern PeDns}lvania, has addressed 
a printed circular to the Pennsylvania State Baptist 
Convention, asking a discussion of secret societies, 
and giving sound reasons for such a discussion. 
The Northern Baptists have been called on by their 
leading clergymen, and have paid immense sums of 
money to benefit the colored population of the 
South, where there are now 800,000 colored Bap- 
tists. Within a few weeks past the St. Marion 
(local) Baptist Association in Arkansas, and the en- 
tire State colored Baptist Association in Louisiana, 
have voted unanimously against secret societies in 
their churches, and the subject is being discussed 
in other States and localities. If the Northern Bap- 
tist Associations refuse then to consider the subject 
when requested by their respectable ministers and 
members, they will bring reproach on the entire de- 
nomination. The spirits of their holy dead, Ber- 
nard, Colver, Stearns and others, will refuse to be 
"ministering spirits" to men so recreant to their 
duty as ministers of Christ. 


Last week we noticed briefly that the Chicago 
Times thinks that the expulsion of McGarigle, who 
is a Mason, by his lodge, is proof that Masons do 
not shield each other from penalties due to their 
crimes. As this opinion is not peculiar to the times, 
it is worth considering more at length. 

We have heretofore entertained a better opinion 
of the Timet than that its editor would call his fel- 
low citizens,who support the Oynoture, "fanatics," un- 
less he believed them to be so; and yet we cannot 
reconcile the idea that he is ignorant that Masonic 
oaths bind Masons to conceal each other's crimes, 
with either common honesty or intelligence. If he 
publishes us "fanatics" for the favor of the lodges, 
he is not honest; if because he does not know that 
Masons do swear to conceal each other's crimes, he 
is ignorant and unfit to conduct an American jour- 
nal. And concealing crime is protecting criminals. 

The Grand Lodge of Missouri, without pretend- 
ing to abstinence from liquor, has lately threatened 
saloon keepers with expulsion for selling it. The 
obvious explanation is, that saloon keepers are un- 
popular, and are making the lodge so. Romish 
priests, who drink liquor freely, attend Catholic to- 
tal abstinence meetings and protest against their 
people keeping saloons. The reason is the same; 
saloon keeping makes their church unpopular. 
When, as is now the case, the State of Arkansas has 
no saloons in forty of its seventy-five counties, the 
priests are stung with the fact that a vast majority 
of grog shops in the United States are kept by men 
who go to their confessionals and obtain absolution. 

Now, the fact that Masonry, as it is now prac- 
ticed in America and Europe in the Scottish Rite, 

is priestism, originally invented by Jesuits and their I ing story of Chinese secretism in this country, which 

instruments, may be known by any one who will ^'' ^-•i-._„ .-_i_--^_ _:i.u ^u. /^uj 

read any respectable Masonic writer, as Mackey's or 

McCoy's cyclopedia, or even by glancing at the 

names of the higher lodges, or at the names of their 

officers; and priests excommunicate those members 

who injure their craft. 

But if expelling McGarigle, an escaped convict, 
proves that Masons do not protect their criminals, 
what is proved by the Masonic sheriff letting him 
go? and that under circumstances which prove com- 
plicitv, as the heifer being dead and the butcher 
standing by with his knife bloody, proves that the 
butcher killed the heifer. So of the prosecuting 
attorney and other Masonic court officers. Masons 
do not protect Masonic criminals, as priests do not 
burn heretics, when they know they will lose more 
that they will gain by it. 

There is no candid man who has read the history 
of the Morgan trials, but knows that Masonry re- 
quires the protection of its criminals against the 
law. If there were any good men in the twelve 
counties of Western New York, there were good men 
in the Masonic lodges. In large numbers they swore 
in the civil court that their Masonic oath forbade 
them to swear to facts which would convict Masons 
of crime. They were fined and imprisoned for re- 
fusing to answer, till Special Justice William 
L. Marcy exclaimed from the bench, where 
he sat to try well-known kidnappers, "if men 
will defy heaven and earth what can human 
courts do?" Was Marcy a fanatic? If the 
Chicago Times will give the use of its columns to 
the editors of the Cynosure, to a reasonable extent, 
and we do not satisfy the great mass of its read- 
ers that Masonry does in theory and practice protect 
Masonic criminals against the laws, we will consent 
in silence to wear the odious epithets which that 
paper sees tit to apply to us. But if that large sheet 
refuses to give its readers the benefit of a fair and 
respectful discussion of a subject so momentous, 
but confines its discussion of a system which covers 
this country and Europe to a few brief, contempt- 
uous slurs upon gentlemen who are not his inferi- 
ors in intelligence or patriotism, we shall submit to 
the inevitable, and appeal for justice to the Ameri- 
can public, which has wiped off similar indignities 
from those who were called "fanatics" for opposing 
American slavery, while that institution ruled both 
church and state. 


The Independent of late reminds us of the Lon- 
don Times years ago, when men spontaneously called 
it the Thunderer. Its handling of the Andover "New 
Departure" from reason and the Word of God, of 
the responsibility of men, of the case of the Chicago 
anarchists, the saloon pestilence and the Mormon 
leprosy, sounds like the clear ringing of the old bell 
on Independence Hall, when the ringer fell dead 
with overjoy at the Declaration of Independence. 

There is another question which underlies all 
these, viz., the Secret Lodge system, which is bring- 
ing into the United States the religions with which 
the American Board is grappling in the East; the 
lodge theology, which is organized deism; the oaths 
of the Endowment House into our court-houses; the 
anarchy in the church and state, which must follow 
dispensing with Christ and the Lord's day, as the 
lodge does both in theory and practice;— the one 
grand question whether Christ or Satan, God or 
Baal, shall be worshiped. The Independent, which 
careened for a time under the weight of the genius 
of Mr. Beecher, seems now to be thoroughly right- 
ed up; and there is no force on earth so fit to deal 
with the lodge question, as the galaxy of mind now 
beaming from that wonderful paper. And if the 
Tappans, who forsook and abhorred the lodge when 
it was imperfectly understood, as ministering spirits 
now watch the fortunes of Mr. Bowen and the Inde- 
pendent, we hope that paper will soon turn its bat- 
teries on that dark system which is now seeking to 
bewitch and becraze the colored people, whom the 
Tappans and their young clerks did so much to eman- 
cipate and enfranchise. 

presents some striking contrasts with the Chinese 
method, which stamps out lodgery as we do the glan- 

In June, among seven Chinese converts received 
to the mission church, was one girl of fifteen. She 
was beautiful in her person and interesting in her 
character. Her father was in China; her mother 
had pawned the girl for $250, but had partly paid 
the debt. Little Ah Yung was being harshly treat- 
ed, and a benevolent Chinaman paid the rest of the 
debt, took possession of the girl, and placed her in 
the charge of the mission helper. She was convert- 
ed and wished to be placed in a safe American fam- 
ily where she would be secure from her mother who 
might at any time sell her for the basest purposes. 
The Chinese guardian dared not violate the customs 
of his people, and Miss Worley, principal of one of 
the mission schools, had herself appointed legal 
guardian of the child, and so put her out of the 
mother's control, but with what result, on the ap- 
pearnce of the mother, we leave Mr. Pond to say: 

"Last Saturday the Chinaman who had befriended Ah 
Yung appeared at my study. It was with great difficulty 
that he could maintain his self-control, though he is a 
man of strong and steady nerves His lips quivered as he 
talked and his athletic frame often trembled. The moth- 
er had appealed to the Six Companies, and his life was 
at stake. Since then, as I have been informed; a meeting 
of the representatives of the Six Companies, has been 
held, and our friend was summoned to appear before 
them. He was given till to-day (June 17th) to restore 
the girl to her mo 'her — an act entirely beyond his pow- 
er. Meanwhile, the High-Binders were already on his 
track, and he scarcely feels safe even in Oakland and in 
his own employer's house. He will probably be obliged 
to flee, perhaps to some point far east, for he will not be 
able, even if disposed, to surrender the dear child to the 
fate to which, in her mother's hands, she would be 

"This brought closer home to me than ever before the 
fact of an imperitim in imperio in our Chinese commun- 
ities. It stirs one's blood to think that this young man 
can make no effective appeal to our Government against 
this secret tyranny. It may very likely be that if he should 
be murdered, his murderer, if convicted, would be hung; 
but this is at best a cold and shadowy comfort in the 
present emergency." 

But Mr. Pond, who almost apologized for the 
lodge in the Congregational ministers' meeting in 
the Palace Hotel on the 24 th of May last year, is 
disingenuous in his application of this burning 
story. Instead of applying it to the infamous lodge 
system, which is a night school of assassination to 
white, black and yellow races alike, be turns it upon 
the exclusion of the Chinese from the country. This 
people have come to a land where similar murders 
have been again and again unpunished. Shall we 
expect them to better observe the laws than we? 
How much better to abolish the lodge and its oaths 
and assassinations! 


The report has been circulated that eighty-eight 
persons were not long since executed in a summary 
manner near Shanghai, China, for belonging to se- 
cret societies. The Cynosure does not advise the 
suppression of the lodges in this country after that 
manner, but holds that the conscience of the people 
should be aroused to cast out the iniquitous system 
from among men. 

Rev. W. C. Pond, manager of the Chinese mission 
of the American Missionary Association in San Fran- 
cisco, sends to the magazine of that society a thrill. 

— Rev. Robert Loggan, the Kansas State lecturer, 
has returned to Clifton, Kansas, where he may in 
the future be addressed. 

— Secretary Stoddard went on from the Wisconsin 
Convention to Minneapolis, hoping to leave behind 
him damp weather and to find in the north more 
encouragement and enthusiasm. 

— Bro. M. N. Butler returned from Wisconsin last 
Saturday morning in time to attend a meeting of the 
Illinois State Executive committee. The committee 
desire to secure his services for the year, and voted 
to make a temporary arrangement until former en- 
gagements with the N. C. A. are adjusted. 

— Elder Rufus Smith and wife of Maryville, Mo,, 
did effectual work last summer holding temperance 
meetings in their county. She led a band of women 
at the polls at Maryville and at Barnard, and the 
Elder had the Salvation Army to help him on the 
street on election day. Their county said the sa- 
loons must go by a majority of over 1,800. 

— Bro. M. A. Gault gave two lectures week before 
last in the United Presbyterian church of Janes- 
ville, Wis. He occupied the Presbyterian pulpit at 
Rochelle, 111., the following Sabbath; and lectured 
last week at Byron, and in Bro. E, I. Grinnell's 
church, near Kishwaukee. His next work is a series 
of lectures between Baraboo, Wis., and St. Paul. 

— The readers of this number of the Cynosure 
will note with pleasure that Rsv. Dr. Swartz has re- 
covered from the effects of a painful accident which 
for some time prevented the use of his right hand, 
and has begun again to write for us. After some 
absence he has returned to the historic city of Gettys- 
burg, and draws an excellent lesson from a familiar 
object at the National Cemetery. 

— Rev. A. W. Parry, last year pastor of the Free 
Methodist churches at Prospect Park and Melrose, 
was at the late Illinois conference appointed agent 
for the seminary at Evansville, Wisconsin, which 
has urgently applied for hia services for some time. 

OCTOBEB 6, 1887 


His postofflce will be at Wheaton, and during his 
visitation of the churches of Illinois and Wisconsin 
he hopes to lecture frequently on temperance and 
against the lodge. 

— Dr. Kennedy of Sandwich and Dr. William 
Wishart of Monmouth could not attend the Illinois 
meeting. The former had a previous appointment 
which prevented his making any preparation. The 
latter was closing up a temporary engagement with 
the United Presbyterian church at Hoopeston, and 
the special labors involved, particularly the com- 
munion service and its preparatory meetings, were 
of more urgency and kept him away. 

— The absence of Rev. John Harper from the Il- 
linois Convention he explains in a letter. He was 
ready to start tor Belvidere when an urgent call 
came for his presence at the bedside of a sick mem- 
ber of his church, which he could not disregard. By 
taking the next train he would have arrived quite 
late at the meeting, and so reluctantly gave it up. 
He had prepared an address on the "Bible and Se- 
cret Societies," showing them to be in opposition. 
There should be a good meeting somewhere in Peo- 
ria county to which this address can be given. 

—John Shallcross, P. G. W. P. of the Sons of 
Temperance, writes of that lodge to the Quill ot Phil- 
adelphia: "Although neither sectarian nor denomi- 
national, the order is nevertheless a religious body, 
composed largely of earnest Christian men and wo- 
men from all the evangelical churches." The ques- 
tion Mr. Shallcross and his companions should first 
answer is. What kind of religion do these earnest 
Christian men and women practice in which an un- 
limited number of ungodly men and women are ex- 
pected by the constitution of the society to join? 

— Kev. John Boyes, the English correspondent of 
the Cynosure, has lately removed from Grimsby to 
Huddersfield, a more favorable locality for his pas- 
toral labors and for the health of himself and fami- 
ly. The past two years in the east of England have 
brought much personal and domestic jitlliction upon 
his household. Huddersfield is regarded as a 
healthy city. It is located about twenty-five miles 
northeast of Manchester in a rich coal district, and 
is regarded as the chief seat of the trade in fine 
woolen in the north of England. Its population 
numbers some 75,000 and it contains several note- 
worthy churches. 

— An inquiry from S. G. Thomas of Olathe, Kan- 
sas, is of an unusual nature. He asks if Mi- s Pran- 
ces A. Willard is a member of the Knights of La- 
bor. Such a question can have a positive answer 
only from the lady herself. Her opinion respect- 
ing secret societies has several times been given in 
the Cynosure. She "has always expressed herself as 
averse to secret societies, and always refusing their 
solicitations to join. But her circular to prohibi- 
tionists, to join the Knights of Labor last spring, 
was a contradiction of this principle. In spite of 
this bad advice, and her apparent favor of this or- 
der and the Good Templars at Lake Bluff, we can- 
not conceive how she could stifle the convictions of 
her lif^ and join any one of these societies. 

— Rev, J. D. Gehring of Parkville, Missouri, has 
for some time been compelled to omit his able con- 
tributions to the Cynosure because of prolonged ill 
health. He has been seeking the benefit of a change 
in Texas, but is again at home, and hopes to resume 
writing if his strength will permit. His scanty in- 
come from a pension he helps out by the sale of 
orchard and vineyard products. He has this year 
been putting up the pure and unfermented grape 
juice which he sells in quart bottles at the rate of 
$1 each or six for $4. As every one knows, this 
unfermented wine is most beneficial in many cases 
of sickness, and for communion purposes it is un- 
surpassed. We shall be glad if this notice brings 
patrons to Bro. Gehring. Address him as above. 

— When two plump envelopes from brethren Hin- 
man and W. B. Stoddard came in Saturday, we be- 
gan to ponder Tennyson's familiar lines: 

Too late ! too late ! 
Ye cannot enter now. 

Nevertheless, though our space is well filled, we 
can hardly stop for regrets when there are two pag- 
es of letters from the workers. It is the most hope- 
ful indication of the year when from every quarter 
these reports come in. We doubt if the church in 
Jerusalem had many more profitable meetings than 
when Paul and Barnabas and the others brought in 
reports of the work of the Lord through their minis- 
try in turning the hearts of men from their idola- 
tries and religious superstitions to Christ. Such 
work our lecturers are doing. Let us thank God for 
their efforts and successes. Let us encourage them 
in every way, but especially in our prayers. The 
repeated advice of the Illinois State Association 


Editor Christian Ctnosurb: — A week spent in 
the ''City of Brotherly Love" has given us an op- 
portunity to "take in" some of its points of interest 
The City Building on Broad and Market Streets is 
an imposing structure, occupying four squares. The 
foundation was begun in 1872. No date is set for 
its completion. Already $13,000,000 have been 
spent upon it. It will not likely cost less than $25,- 
000,000 when finished. It is built of marble. The 
tower will be 500 feet high, surmounted by a statue 
of Franklin thirty-two feet high. The Mercantile 
Library, on 10 th street near Market, is worth see- 
ing. They have 162,000 volumes, the largest num- 
ber of any in the State. The librarian, Mr. Fogg, 
has relatives in Cincinnati, and took a great interest 
in giving us the information desired. The Penn- 
sylvania Library, on Locust street near Broad, is 
elegant, but not so large. 

Girard College, a training school for orphans, 
must not be missed. There are forty-five acres in 
the lot, enclosed by a stone wall ten feet high. The 
trees, flower-beds, and green sward make it a per- 
fect paradise. Work on the buildings bpgan in 
1833 and ended in 1847, at a cost of $3,500,000. 
The main building cost $2,500,000. It is a perfect 
Grecian temple, built of marble. The roof is of 
marble, and supported by thirty-four columns, each 
six feet in diameter and fifty-five feet high, weigh- 
ing 103 tons and costing $12,994. In 1831, when 
Steven Girard died, the property left to support the 
school amounted to $7,500,000. It is worth perhaps 
$25 000,000 now. Boys are admitted who are over 
six and under ten years of age. They are allowed 
to remain until they are eighteen. All their ex- 
penses are met while there, even their streetcar fare 
is paid. They have 1,380 boys there at present. 
There are fifty-five professors and teachers. The 
heirs of the Girard estate are trying hard to break 
his will. Hence, the following provision is strictly 
entorced of late: "I enjoin and require that no ec- 
clesiastic, missionary, or minister of any sect what- 
soever, shall ever hold or exercise any station or 
duty whatever in the said college; nor shall any 
such person ever be admitted for any purpose, or as 
a visitor, within the premises appropriated to the 
purpose of said college," 

The Eastern Pennsylvania Penitentiary is near 
by, on Fairmount Avenue and 2l8t Street. It, too, 
is surrounded by a wall great and high. That wall 
is to keep in the bad and protect society. They 
have about 1,380 persons behind those walls. But 
the walls around Girard College are to keep out the 
good. The lowest whoremonger in the land can go 
in; he will not harm the boys. But a minister of 
the Gospel cannot go in; he might disturb "the ten- 
der minds of the orphans" with "clashing doctrines 
and sectarian controversy." How Mr. Girard ex- 
pected "to instill into the minds of the scholars the 
purest principles of morality" while divorcing the 
institution from the church, the custodian of moral- 
ity and religion, is a mystery. It is said his object 
in this provision was to keep out the Jesuits. If 
that is true he ought to have said so, and not made 
a clean sweep of all. 

The University of Pennsylvania, on Woodland 
Avenue, bHtween 34th and 37th streets, was char- 
tered in 1791. The original charter was given by 
'George II , king of Great Britain, France and Ire- 
land," in 1753. The campus is laid off in walks. 
The buildings are of stone, in Gothic style of archi- 
tecture, with heavy towers. The College depart- 
ment has thirty-one professors, thirteen instructors, 
and 361 students. The Department of Medicine 
has sixty-five professors, lecturers and demonstrat- 
ors, and 406 students. The Department of Dentist- 
ry, twent)-two professors and demonstrators, and 
111 students. The Department of Law, seven pro- 
fessors and 129 students. There are also Depart- 
ments of Philosophy, Biology and A'eterinary Medi- 
cine. The library is an important item, made up of 
the Colwell, McCalmont, Carev, Rogers, Wetherill 
and Allen libraries. William Pepper, M.D., L.L D., 
is Provost, and E. Otis Kendall, L.L. D., Vice Provost 
The Zjological Garden, the Park, with its long 
and romantic drive. Music Hall, the U. S. mint, the 
Postollice, the Custom House, the benevolent insti- 
tutions, and Independence llall are other places of 

Philadelphia has over 1,000,000 inhabitants. 
Larger ships can enter her harl)or on the Delaware 
than can get into New York harbor. The streets 
cross at right angles. Market Street divides the 
city into the North and South divisions. From 
Front Street on the Delaware the streets are desig 
nated by the ordinals westward to Sixtieth and on. 
Each st^uare has 100 numbers allotted to it, no 

given place at once. For example, 2,102 Race 
Street is just west of Twenty-first Street, or 706 
North Twenty-first Street is seven squares north of 
Market. This is a city of churches, and they make 
themselves felt. The saloons are closed on the 

It was my privilege to meet with the ministers' 
union Monday noon at the Presbyterian rooms. It 
convenes once every three months. It is composed 
of men from all the evangelical bodies. There were 
perhaps two hundred present Rev, W. R. Taylor, 
D D., read the paper. The subject was, '-City Evan- 
gelistic Work." It was an able production. The 
work can be done only by contact of soul with soul. 
There has been too much stress laid upon method. 
There must be soul travail. There is no method of 
incubation by which Christians can be hatched out 
wholesale. "My little children of whom I travail 
in birth until Christ be formed in your hearts." 
When the church is willing to suffer this soul agony 
for sinners they will be converte '. "When Zion 
travailed she brought forth children." Several 
members spoke of the work of house to house visit- 
ing carried on here last winter. Many congrega- 
tions were blessed by it with large additions, and 
all engaged in it experienced a reflex influence of 
unspeakable value. 

The writer had said, "We had too much machin- 
ery. No one can estimate the results. But after 
all we did not move forward. Our sails did not fill." 
This was questioned, and by many repudiated. A 
committee was appointed, however, to prepare a 
plan for a vigorous campaign during the coming 
winter. It was our privilege to meet Rev, A, T. 
Pierson, D D,, in the Statesman office. He is pastor 
of the Bethany Presbyterian church, and perhaps 
the most popular speaker in the city, Saturday 
afternoon he expounds the Sabbath-school lesson in 
the Y, M. C, A, Hall, and it is always crowded. 
He was called to Bethany church at a salary of 
$5,000. When he learned that $2 000 had been 
subscribed by Mr, Wanamaker, he refused to take 
it. He would put himself under obligation to no 
man. He believes in the freedom of the pulpit 
Si he accepted the call at $3 000, They pive him a 
collection once a month in addition. J. M. Fostxr. 



about reform prayer meetings is good enough to be- ! matter whether there are one-fourth that many 
gin to put in practice. houses or not; so that you can tell the location of a 

[ Concluded ] 

It ever has been my intention to conduct myself 
with decorum due any place or position in which I 
might be. Persons who cannot behave themselves 
in any sanctuary wherein doctrines contrary to their 
views are expounded, had better rimain away, I 
am conscious that my expressions at this spirit 
stance may be criticized. Be that as it may, the 
incidents which I am narrating are facts, and any 
lack of etiquette on my part cannot depreciate the 
logic of my remarks, nor off-et the manifest decep- 
tions of the occasion, I had not thrust my presence 
upon them, nor entered their domicile with the in- 
tention of controverting anything in any way. In- 
deed, my attendance was rather compulsory. At 
the earnest solictati( n of one of their strongest dev- 
otees, my uncle, and as an act of courtesy to him, I 
had reluctantly consented to go and "see for myself 
whether the manifestations were false or not" It 
had been represented that I should witness for the 
sum of one dollar, paid in advance, genuine phe- 
nomena. A glance at this "phenomena" convinced 
me that it was not genuine, and that consequently I 
was being imposed upon. 

The next phenomena on the programme, it was 
announced, would be one of industry, the manufao- 
lure of lace from spirit material, in full view of the 
audience. There were sepulchral squeaks from fifty 
chairs as their semi spiritized cijupants bent curi- 
ously forward. The lace maker, who resembled in 
form and motion the medium so generous in the 
loaning of her fleshly sulistance to her impoverished 
spirit acquaintanceb, conppicunus in phosphorescent 
effulgence, stepped into the middle of the room, and 
began the process of manufacturing a piece of laoe 
about two yartls in length. How, or what, others 
present saw I cannot say, but I believe that, at 
least, most of that audience saw just what I did — 
the spirit fumble about its waist and finally put out 
something white, and after turning or twisting it 
several times cast it upon the lugubrious atmos- 
phere, where it gr*cefully floated a second, and then 
fell softly to the floor, when it was carefully exam- 
ined and pronounced a piece of genuine lace, I, 
also, agreed that it was genuine. What provoked 
me was the assertion that it had been something 
else before we saw it made as claimed. It was 
without a doubt a piece of real lace. The ejacula- 
{Coniinued on Iftkpage.) 



October 6, 1887 

The Home. 



The summer winds are sighing; 

The trees, with verdure crowned, 
The flowers, in fragrance vieina;. 

Shed sweetness all around. 

Storms in their wrath alarm us ; 

The thunder crash we hear; 
But fear not aught will harm us ; 

Jesus, our Saviour's near. 

In the cold dark hour of sorrow, 
Beneath a threat'ning sky, 

His word dispels all terror ; 
' 'Fear not, for it is 1 . " 

Then let our souls embrace him 
Each day with deeper love, 

Till, in his likeness waking. 
We reign with him above. 



Satan sets many traps and snares to take our wan- 
dering feet. And none so liable to be ensnared as 
those who are unsuspecting. It is, therefore, of the 
highest importance that we should ever be found 
watching. Thus judgment and prudence would dic- 
tate that we should use all caution and wisdom 
where there is danger. "Id vain is the snare set in 
the sight of any bird." Oh, that the children of 
men were wise and wary as they! 

Now, Satan not only goeth about "seeking whom 
he may devour," as a lion does his prey, but he 
goeth hither and thither in the earth, walking up 
and down in it, so that haply he may find the child 
of God oft his watch tower. Then when he suc- 
ceeds in finding any of God's little ones asleep or 
careless, how easy is it then for him to gather their 
feet in his hellish snares, and then such fall a ready 
prey to his Satanic power. 

Seeing then we are encompassed about by such a 
wily foe, and treading along a way beset with hid- 
den snares, especially for a moment when we wan- 
der from the path of life, how greatly wise is it 
in us to accept evermore the guidance of One 
"mighty to save and strong to deliver." In him we 
find a faithful friend, wise to direct, and infinite in 
his power and resources, for our succor and our 
safety. "Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare 
of the fowler," while thus trusting in him. Yea, 
never while thou art wholly his, will he "suffer thy 
feet to be taken." If, however, dearly beloved, 
your soul should ever unwarily be ensnared, flee im- 
mediately to God for deliverance. Then will you 
be constrained to cry out — "My soul is as a bird 
escaped from the snare of the fowler; the snare is 
broken and my soul is escaped!" Hallelujah for 
such a Friend and Helper! 

Newark, N. J. 


The best and surest way to have any outward 
mercy is to be content to want it. When men's de- 
sires are over eager after the world — they must have 
thus much a year, and a house well furnished, and 
wife and children thus and thus qualified, or else 
they will not be content — God doth usually break 
their wills by denying them ae one would cross a 
froward child of his stubborn humor; or else puts a 
sting into them, that a man had been as good he had 
been without them,a8 a man would give a thing to a 
froppish child, but it may be with a knock on his 
fingers and a frown to boot. 

The best way to get riches is out of doubt to set 
them lowest in one's desires. Solomon found it so. 
He did not ask riches, but wisdom and ability to 
discharge his great trust; but God was so pleased 
with his prayer that he threw them into the bargain. 

If we seek the kingdom of God and his righteous- 
ness in the first place,and leave other things to him, 
God will not stand with us for these outwards; though 
we never ask them, we shall have them as over meas- 
ure; God will throw them in as the vantage. Cer- 
tainly God will never be behindhand with us. Let 
our care he to build his house and let him alone to 
build ours. 

None ever was or ever shall be a loser by Jesus 
Christ. Many have lost much for him, but never 
did, never shall any lose by hinc. Take this for a 
certainty: whatsoever of outward comforts we leave, 
whatsoever outward advantages we balk,that we may 
glorify him in our services and enjoy l)im in his or- 
dinanccB more llian otIirrH wliero wo rould, we shall 
receive an hundredfold iu this life. 

'Tis a sad thing to see how IHtle Christ is trusted 
or believed in the world; men will trust him no fur- 
ther than they can see him, and will leave no work 
for faith. Hath he not a thousand way8,both out- 
ward and inward, to make up a little outward dis- 
advantage to us? What doth our faith serve for? 
Have any ventured themselves upon him in his way 
but he made good every word of the promise to 
them? Let us therefore exercise our faith, and stay 
ourselves upon the promise, and see if ever we are 
ashamed of our hope. 

What is wanting in the means God will make up 
in the blessing. This I take for a certain truth, 
while a man commits himself and his affairs to God 
and is in a way that God put him into, now if a man 
have but little income, if he have a great blessing, 
that's enough to make it up. We must not account 
mercies by the bulk. What if another have a pound 
to my ounce; if mine be gold for his silver I will 
never change with him. 

As 'tis not bread that keeps men alive, but the 
word of blessing that proceedeth out of the mouth 
of God,80 'tis not the largeness of the mean8,but the 
blessing of the Lord that maketh rich. Oh! if men 
did but believe this they would not grasp so much 
of the world as they do. 

Well, let others take their course, and we will 
take ours — to wait upon God by faith and prayer, 
and rest in his promise; and I am confident that is 
the way to be provided for. Let others toil to en- 
large their income (but alas! they will find they go 
not the right way to work), we will bless God to en- 
large our blessing,and I doubt not but we shall prove 
the gainers. — Joseph Alleine {1655), 

m I m 


Labor is God's medicine for human pride and re- 
bellion. When man had sinned, in order to prevent 
the utter demoralization of the race the Lord sent him 
forth out of Eden to till the ground, saying, "In the 
sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread till thou re- 
turn unto the ground; for out of it thou wast taken: 
for dust thou art and unto dust shalt thou return." 

It is the ambition of many to"live without work;" 
but such a life is ruinous. "Pride, fulness of bread, 
and abundance of idleness,"were the chief causes of 
Sodom's sin and Sodom's overthrow. Many a man 
who has gone headlong to perdition might have 
been living in health and decency to-day if he had 
been well employed in good, honest work. Under 
all judicious administration, human and divine,hard 
labor has been a means of grace and reformation to 
those who without it go far astray from truth and 
righteousness. Let persons live in luxury with 
nothing to do and they are very likely to become 
conceited, rebellious and ungodly. Let them be 
placed where they must work or starve, and let their 
hearts be brought down with labor and they speedi- 
ly learn lessons of humility, sympathy, and integri- 
ty, which can never be learned in idleness and lux- 

More men die of laziness than of work; more of 
gluttony than of starvation. Hence the primal curse 
was a real blessing, and those who try to evade the 
divine command only multiply sorrows to them- 
selves. Hence the apostle says: 

"Now we command you, brethren, in the name of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves 
from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not 
after the tradition which they received of us. For 
yourselves know how ye ought to imitate us: for we 
behaved not ourselves disorderly among you; neith- 
er did we eat bread for nought at any man's hand, 
but in labor and travail, working night and day, 
that we might not burden any of you; not be- 
cause we have not the right, but to make ourselves 
an ensample unto you that ye should imitate us. 
For even when we were with you, this we command- 
ed you, that if any will not work neither let him 
eat. For we hear of some that walk among you dis- 
orderly, that work not at all but are busy-bodies. 
Now them that are such we command and exhort in 
the Lord Jesus Christ that with quietness they work 
and eat their own bread. But ye, brethren, be not 
weary in well doing. And if any man obeyeth not 
our word by this epistle, note that man that ye have 
no company with him, to the end that he may be 
ashamed. And yet count him not as an enemy, but 
admonish him as a brother." 2 Thess. 3:6-13. — Ar- 

If we duly join faith and works in all our preach- 
ing, we shall not fail of a blessing. But of all 
preaching, what is usually called "Gospel preach- 
ing," is the most useless, if not the most mischiev- 
ous; a dull, yea, or lively harangue on the sufferings 
of Christ, or salvation iiy faith, without strongly in- 
culcating holiness. I see, more and more, that this 
naturally tends to drive holiness out of the world. 



I am going to talk to you, boys and girls, about 
this little minister; and 1 pray that the Lord may 
help me to speak so wisely that some of you, like 
Samuel, may begin to serve him. 

First, let us think about the child minister. 
Samuel ministered before the Lord, being a child. 
No doubt Eli saw that the child was called of God. 
But even then he must have been a very kind and 
a very wise old man to let this little fellow come to 
help him in the house of the Lord when he was so 
young. Most people would have said, "What is the 
good of a little lad like that? What help can he 
be? He is not strong enough or big enough or wise 
enough to do anything. Let him stay at home, and 
let his mother take care of him till he is grown up. 
Then he will be of some good. But this child, he 
is too little to know anything about it." I think 
this story is put in the Bible to teach us that it is 
very foolish and very wrong to talk in this way. 
The child Samuel ministered unto the Lord, and so 
can you. Your little hands can serve him, and your 
young hearts can love him. Let nobody say you 
are too young. Jesus said something very different 
from that. He said, "Suffer the little children to 
come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is 
the kingdom of heaven," And at another time Je- 
sus said, "I thank thee, Father, Lord of heaven 
and earth,because thou hast hid these things from the 
wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. 
Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in thy sight," 
So you see, Jesus would have you to love him now 
and serve him now. He would not have you wait 
till you are grown up. He wants children to minis- 
ter to him. Samuel, though a child, was not too 
young to love Jesus. 

"But what could this little child minister do?" 
you ask. "It was all very well for him to be with 
the old man, Eli, learning good lessons, and hearing 
God's Word, but of course he could not do any- 
thing." Oh, but he could. He did many things 
that were helpful, as we shall see by and by. 

Little folks can do very many things. To begin 
with, nobody doubts that children can do much 

The other day there was a robbery near London. 
The people who lived in the house thought that they 
had guarded it securely; there were bolts on the 
doors and bars on the windows. But one morning 
the servants came down and found that all the sil- 
ver things were gone. How had .the thieves got in? 
Why, there was just one little tiny window, so small 
that they thought there was no danger in that; but 
in through that window the thieves had sent a little 
boy, and when he got inside he could open the door 
for the rest, and so all the mischief was done. They 
found then what harm little folks could do. 

And then, too, people know that little things can 
do much good. Those of you who keep your eyes 
open — and I hope you all do — must have seen at 
the railway stations and at other places, a pict- 
ure of a lion in a net, and a little mouse gnawing 
at the rope. And this is the story that it represents. 
A lion who was the great king of the forest had 
somehow got into a net, — I don't know how, but so 
it was. All the animals when they heard of it came 
to his majesty's help. The elephant came and 
walked round and round as -majestically as it could, 
and looked very sad. The bear came and danced 
all about. The tiger came and roared very loudly 
indeed. But all that did not bring the king out of 
his trouble. Then came the hyienas an jackals and 
wolves, and they shook their heads very wisely, and 
said if only this were done, and that. But as no 
one could possibly do what they talked about, that 
didn't help very much. So it seemed that the great 
king of the forest must die thus miserably in a net. 
Then as the lion was sadly bemoaning his fate there 
came a little mouse, and said that if he might make 
so bold he thought he could set his majesty at lib- 
erty. It was very absurd in such a little thing to 
and do what the elephant and the great animals 
could not do. But the lion thought there could be 
no harm in his trying. So he crept up to the rope 
and began to gnaw at it. Strand after strand of the 
rope was bitten through by the sharp little teeth. It 
was a long and wearisome task, but the little teeth 
worked on. At last the rope was loosed, and when 
once it gave way it was an easy thing for the lion 
to get out, and the king of the forest was set at lib- 
erty bv a little mouse. Such good little things can 

But best of all is this, that little hands can do 
something for Jesus. Do not he wishing that you 
bad this or that. Do not lie waiting until you .nre 
grown up to be men and women. The child Samuel 

October 6, 1887 


11 ^ 

ministered unto the Lord. There were many little 
things that he could do. He could pour the oil into 
the lamp, he could keep the wick trimmed, he could 
keep the golden candlestick clean, and his little 
hands could put out the lights in it every night, 
and all day long he could wait upon the old man Eli, 
and he could think what he would want, and could 
help him in many ways. Are you thinking now, 
"What can I do for Jesus?" Well, you nan always 
be kind for Jesus — gentle and loving. Kneel down 
to-day and ask Jesus to help you. Each one of us 
can always be brave and truthful and generous for 
him; and we can keep clean thoughts and truthful 
words and right ways for him. At sunrise Samuel 
perhaps had to draw aside the covering of the skins, 
and the sunlight came in flooding all the place with 
radiant light. So you can let joy and sunshine come 
into your house by trying to make those about you 
happy. And in doing that, you, like the child Sam- 
uel, will minister unto the Lord. 

Here is a story of a child minister that will show 
you how very much children can do for Jesus. Lit- 
tle Annie Gale had given her heart to Jesus, and 
now all day long she wanted to be doing his will 
and pleasing him. But one morning her heart was 
very much grieved. A gentleman had called at her 
father's house, and he laughed at the notion of little 
Annie being converted. "She was always so good 
that she did not need it to make her any better," he 
said. "If old Dan Hunter began to love Jesus, 
now, I should think that there was something in it." 
Poor little Annie was very grieved; and going away 
to her room, she knelt down and said, "0 Jesus, 
they won't believe that thou dost love me, because 
I am so little. Jesus, help me to get poor old 
Dan Hunter to love thee, and they will believe that 
thou dost love me, too." Then little Annie set out 
for old Dan Hunter's house. 

Now, there was no mistake about it, that old Dan 
was the very crossest and most disagreeable man in 
the village. He worked away in his wheelwright's 
yard, grumbling and growling all day long. No 
poor woman ever came into his yard to get some 
shavings for the fire, and no boy ever crept in there 
for a basket of chips. Nobody who could help it 
ever came to see old Dan. This morning he was at 
work bending at his saw, when a very pleasant lit- 
tle voice said, "Good morning, Dan." 

The voice was so pleasant that Dan looked round 
and forgot to scowl. "Please, Dan," said little 
Annie, "I want to speak to you, and I'm sure you 
won't mind me, will you?" 

Now it was so long since anybody had cared to 
speak to Dan at all that he couldn't understand what 
this little maiden could have to say, so he sat down 
his saw and rolled his apron round his waist, and sat 
down on the trunk of a tree. Really, for old Dan, 
he was looking quite pleased. 

"Well, whatever do you want to say to me, little 
one," He spoke grullly — he always did, but it was 
a good deal for old Dan to speak at all, for he gen- 
erally only gruntf.d. 

Little Annie sat down by his side and looking 
up into his ragged, wrinkled face, she said, "Well, 
Dan, you know Jesus does love me, and I do love 
him. But the gentleman at home says that I am 
so little, and that I am so good, that he does not 
believe 1 know anything about it. But he says 
that if you would begin to love Jesus, then he would 
believe in it. Now, Dan, you will, won't you? be- 
cause Jesus does love you, you know;" — and little 
Annie took hold of Dan's great rough hand. "He 
loves you very, very much, Dan. Vou know he died 
upon the cross for all of us." 

Poor old Dan ! Nobody had ever talked to him 
like that for years and years — never since his mother 
had gone to heaven. And down those wrinkled 
cheeks the tears began to come, very big and very 
fast. "Don't cry, Dan, because God loves us though 
we have sinned, and he has sent Jesus into the 
world to save us." Dan's heart was broken. He 
could only say, "God be merciful to me — the worst 
of sinners." As little Annie talked with him, he 
came to see it all, — how that Jesus had died for 
him, and was able to give him a clean heart and a 
right spirit. Little Annie left him praising God 
his heavenly Father for such wonderful love, and 
went away to tell the gentleman at her home. 

"Now, sir," said she, "you must believe that Je- 
sus loves me, because old Dan Hunter has really be- 
gun to love him, and he has got converted." 

"Nonsense," laughed the gentleman. "Why, An- 
nie, whoever told you that?" 

"Well, you'll see." And he did,and so did every- 
body else in the place. They saw that old nipped, 
frowning face turned into joy and gladness. They 
srtw the ill-tempered old Dan be(«mo so kind that 
everybody had a friend in him. And when he passed 
the yard you might be sure to hear a happy old man. 

as he worked with hammer and saw, cheerily sing- 
ing about the wondrous love of Jesus. 

So little Annie ministered unto the Lord. — ikr 


A band tapped at tii; door, low down, low down. 
1 opened it and saw two eyes of brown, 

Two lips of cberry red, 

A little curly bead, 
A bonny, fairy sprite, in drees of wblte, 
Who said, with lifted face: "Papa, good night!" 

She climbed upon my knee, and kneeling there, 
Lisped softly, solemnly, her little prayer; 

Her meeting linger tips, 

Her pure, sweet baby lips. 
Carried my soul with hera, half unaware, 
into some clearer and diviner air. 

I tried to lift again, but all in vain, 
Of scientific thought the subtle chain ; 

So small, BO small, 

My learning all ; 
Though I could call each star, and tell its place, 
My child's "Our Father" bridged the gulf of space. 

I sat with folded hands, at rest, at rest, 
Turning this solemn thought within my breast : 

How faith would fade 

if tiod had made 
No children in this world— no baby age — 
Only the prudent man or thoughtful sage ; 

Only the woman wise : no little arms 

To clasp around our neck; no baby charms. 

No loving care, 

No sinless prayer, 
No thrill of lisping song, no pattering feet, 
No infant heart against our heart to beat. 

Then, if a tiny hand, low down, 

Tap at thy heart or door, ah ! do not frown ; 

Bend low to meet 

The little feet; 
To clasp the clinging band; the child will be 
Nearer to heaven than thee— nearer than thee. 

—Lillie E. JJarr. 



Miss Maria White, M. D., a medical missionary of 
the United Presbyterian church in India, sister of 
the famous temperance worker,Mis8Nftrcissa White, 
writes an entertaining lecture to the Union lSignal,\n 
which she gives this incident: 

"A prominent Methodist missionary has said, 'If 
the English speaking people were removed from In- 
dia to-day, the most palpable indication of their ex- 
istence in India would be the excessive drunkenness 
fastened upon the nation.' So many of the English 
officers and residents and English speaking travelers 
use liquor that a constant bad example is before the 
natives;this,added to the legalized liquor shops opened 
by the English government.can well account for the in- 
creased drunkenness of the people. A rather amus- 
ing incident occurred not long ago in connection 
with the service of an English missionary; or rath- 
er, it would be amusing were it not so painfully sug- 

"The English missionary had been holding a very 
earnest service for the conversion of the heathen 
natives, and in the evening he decided to hold a 
special pra5'er service among the Christian people. 
But at the hour of service he discovered they had 
forgotten to bring with them their candle-8ticks,and 
as a substitute the missionary put the lighted candle 
in an empty beer bottle. The missionary stood back 
of the candle and read the prayer, while the people 
knelt facing him and the beer bottle and gave the 
responses. At the conclusion it was noticed that a 
lot of the natives had gathered about the door and 
were much excited about something. The next day 
when the missionary attempted to speak to them 
about putting away their idols and worshiping God, 
the natives triumphiintly replied: 'Last nii^ht we 
saw you worshiping a brer holtlf, with lighted can- 
dles, just as we worship our gods. Then why ask us 
to forsake our gotls and our form of worship?' And 1 
fear it would be a ditlicult matter to convince those 
natives that, even if the Knglisb do not worship the 
beer bottle, some of the so-called Christian people do 
— worship its contents. 


Senator Henry Wilson was a self-control led as 
well as self-made man. He left his New Hampshire 
home early in life, and changed his name in order 
to get out from under the baleful shadow of intem- 
perance. He began on the lowest round of the 8o 
cial ladder, and climlHid up, rung by rung, until he 
became a political power in the nation. 

The first step he took in the ascent placed him on 
the pledge never to drink intoxicating liijuors. The 
second step he took made him an industrious labor- 
er, the third a diligent reader. 

He was sent to Washington to carry a petition 
against the admission of Texas into the Union. John 
Quincy Adams asked him to a dinner party,where he 
met with some of the great men of the nation. He 
was asked to drink wine. The temptation to lay aside 
his temperance principle for amomeni:,inordernotto 
seem singular, was a strong one. But he resisted 
and declined the glass of wine. Mr. Adams com- 
mended him for his adherence to his conviction. 

After Mr. Wilson was elected to the United States 
Senate he gave his friends a dinner at a noted Bos- 
ton hotel. The table was set with not a wine-glaas 
upon it 

"Where are the wine-glasses?" asked several,loud 
enough to remind their host that some of his guests 
did not like sitting down to a wineless dinner. 

"Gentlemen," said Mr. Wilson, rising and speak- 
ing with a great deal of feeling, "j-ou know my 
friendship for you and my obligations to you. Great 
as they are, they are not great enough to make me 
forget 'the rock whence I was hewn and the pit from 
whence I was dug.' Some of you know how the 
curse of intemperance overshadowed my }-outh. 
That I might escape I fled from my early surround- 
ings and changed my name. For what I am, I am 
indebted under God to my temperance vow and my 
adherence to it. 

"Call for what you want to eat, and if this hotel 
can provide it, it shall be forthcoming. But wines 
and liquors cannot come to this table with my con- 
sent because I will not spread in the path of anoth- 
er the snare from which I escaped." 

Three rousing cheers showed the brave Senator 
that men admired the man who has the courage of 
his convictions. — The Chrittian. 

Mrs. Lucas, of London, Miss Willard, of Chicago, 
and Mrs. Hannah Whitall Smith, of Philadelphia, 
have issued a circular asking Christian women every- 
where to observe Nov. 12 and 13 as days of prayer 
for a divine blessing on every form of temperance 
work in the world. 

The National Bureau of Statistics shows that on 
the $700,000,000 which annually passes into the tills 
of the retailers of intoxicating liquors in this coun- 
try, there is a profit of 133.1 P^^ cent If poor peo- 
ple had to pay such a tax as that on bread there 
would be a rebellion. But when a man tosses ot! a 
glass of whisky, and pays five cents for the drink 
and seven or eight cents to the bar-kee|)er for the 
trouble of handing it to him, he generally thinks the 
bar-keeper is an awfully good fellow. — Springfield 

Judge Agnew, of Pennsylvania, in a letter on the 
subject of liquor compensation, writes: "I am per- 
sonally opposed to a compensation clause. When 
canals superseded turnpikes, and railroads supersed- 
ed canals, and hotel warehouses and other places of 
business on their routes were destroyed, no compen- 
sation has ever been made. When inventions and 
new modes of business have destroyed old trades 
and modes, compensation was not made. When a 
curse is destroyed it is ditticult to perceive the jus- 
tice of society's paying for it 

Switzerland has recently adopted by popular vote 
a new law placing the entire control of the manufac- 
ture and sale of intoxicating lii^uors in the hands of 
the government This measure was necessitate*! on 
account of extensive adulteration of spirits and the 
prevalence of intemperate habits among the people. 
The eflect of the new law will be the production of a 
pure article, and, better yet, the restriction of its 
sale to those who will not use it to excess. Hereto- 
fore the production of artificial wines had been ex- 
tensively carried on, and all forms of alcoholic spir- 
its were adulterated. The result was the cheap- 
ening of liciuors and widespread habits of intoxica- 
tion among the poorer classes. The etlecls of the 
new law will be watched with great inteitsL 

The New York brewers have dotormined to pre- 
vent, if possible, says the N. Y. Tiihuut, the renom- 
ination of all such legislators, either by having an 
opiX)8ition Uepublicau favorable to the saloons nom- 
inated or by buying votes for the Democratic candi- 
date. Particular ctlorls, of course, will Ihj made to 
carry out this scheme here in Now York, and :i8{iec- 
ial cfllort is to be made to defeat Assemblyman 
Crosby, whose .course at Albany has made him an 
object of fear and hatred to the l)eer and rum sell- 
ers. The money is to l)e raised by imjxwing. a tax 
on every barrel of beer and ale sold in this State 
from May 1, 1SS6, to May 1, 1887; on every bushel 
of mall and bale of bo|)8 sold within thcsainr perio<l 
and » gcucrjil tnx of $100 on all brewers' supply uieu 
and kiudvcd trades. 



October 6, 1881 

BOSTON LETTER (Continued from 9th page) , 
tions of surprise from the majority of the deluded 

occupants of the room were at the same time, to say 
the least, pitiable and disgusting. As I witnessed 
the amazing credulity of the poor souls, I could not 
resist giving (what 1 considered was my duty to do) 
a rational explanation of the pretended modm oper- 
andi in the making of that lace, whereupon one 
woman declared that she had seen them materialize 
a coat. 

"Then," said I, "they would do well to make a 
lot of them for freezing children about the city." 

She immediately collapsed, but the old man on 
my right, as a sort of reinforcement, savagely ac- 
cused me of being a medium possessed with the 
spirit of a devil, who had come in to disturb the 

"Yes," I humbly replied, "I am a medium, but," 
laying on all the emphasis I could command, "I am 
a medium of common sense." 

Devil or no devil, my remark was responded to 
by half-suppressed laughter from diflerent parts of 
the room, and the investigating chap, who seemed 
to be seriously concerned about my safety, asked in 
low tones: 

"Do you expect to get out of here alive?" 
I replied that I didn't know as I should. If they 
couldn't make me a spiritist, there was a possibility 
of their making me a spirit, and of the two I would 
prefer to be the latter, although I was not at all 
anxious for an opportunity of experimentally testing 

The remarkable patience which my uncle mani- 
fested during the first part of the seance, at length 
began to abate. Doubtless the intervals between 
his inquiries concerning the presence of his wife 
grew annoyingly brief to the management. Finally, 
a spirit named A (his wife's name) was an- 
nounced, and in an instant he was on his feet, strid- 
ing towards the cabinet. He was doomed to disap- 
pointment. It was not his A , Taut a friend of 

other parties in the room. Without a word, he qui- 
etly returned to his seat. 

This incident, like a flash of lightning in the 
blackness of night, revealed the whole circumstance 
of my uncle meeting his wife at this place; and later, 
dumb acknowledgment on his part confirmed my 
suspicion. He had gone there with the sincere hope 
of meeting her, and was in that frame of mind 
which would lead him to foster and encourage the 
slightest evidence or indication of her presence. The 
first time he called at this place a spirit bearing the 
same name as his wife appeared. On hearing the 
name, in his impulsive way, probably, he claimed 
its owner as his wife, and the medium was shrewd 
enough to allow him to thus deceive himself and the 
audience even at the expense of disappointment to 
the real friends of the spirit. 

At last,my aunt was announced as being present. 
This time my uncle remained in his seat, while the 
spirit of his wife advanced slowly toward him. She 
stopped just in front of him, and placed both hands 
on his shoulders, when he arose, embraced and ca- 
ressed her. The next moment both vanished in the 

When the spirit stopped before my uncle, I rose, 
and bending slightly forward, surveyed it from head 
to foot. There was no sign of recognition on her 
part of either my mother or myself. There was not 
the slightest resemblance between this spirit and my 
aunt. The difference, however, in every respect 
was marked. The spirit was tall and slender (very 
much like the medium) while my aunt, when living, 
had been short, under five feet, and exceeding 
heavy, tipping the scales at nearly two hundred 
pounds. This undeniable contrast was admitted by 
my uncle, who declared that we could not expect to 
recognize spirits by their bodies. 

I replied that if it was possible for them to retain 
in the spirit body the bltmishes of the natural, such 
as moles, etc., an instance of which we had just wit- 
nessed in the case of the old gentleman's daughter,I 
could not understand why they should change so 
greatly in siza and height. He impatiently retorted 
that he didn't care whether the spirit looked like his 
wife or not, so long as it was her. Alas, no wonder 
that these mediums are so successful in their "phe- 
nomena," when their patrons are so anxious to see 
their spirit friends that they are willing to recognize 
anything. Indeed, any attempt of the spirit, even, 
to deny identity would meet resentment. 

After the ecstasy and excitement of meeting with 
his wife had somewhat subsided, he remembered that 
he had noticed that the spirit had fatled to recog- 
nize his sister, who had been her closest friend. He 
returned with the spirit on his arm and introduced it 
to my mother, or rather, mother to it, who,failingof 
course to identify a single feature or motion,received 
it somewhat coldly. The spirit intimated that it 

wished to converse with her nearer the cabinet. Per- 
haps it is important to add just here that the closer 
a spirit keeps to the medium the more strength it 
receives. A spirit which can cross an ordinary room 
is considered very strong. 

Half pulled along by the spirit, mother disap- 
peared in the blackness surrounding the cabinet. In 
a few seconds she hurriedly reappeared alone, and 
at the same time it was suddenly announced by the 
big female that the medium was prostrated because 
the lady (my mother) had refused to recognize her 
sister; that the current was broken,aTid the medium 
rendered unable to continue the seance. 

Had a bomb exploded in our midst, ex- 
citement would only have been a few degrees great- 
er. Expressions of chagrin and anger poured forth 
from every side. In the midst of it I stood up 
and said: "It is no wonder that the lady refused to 
recognize the spirit as her sister. It was about as 

much like her as " 

At this point I was compelled to stop, for my 
voice was completely drowned by the most unearth- 
ly hissing I ever heard. It seemed as though all 
the dead serpents in the universe were present. I 
was determined, however, to finish my speech. 
Waiting until there was a lull, I interjected: 

"She looked about as much like my aunt as a 
stick of wood. Besides, she wouldn't come into 
such a place; she despised spiritism as she did pois- 
on. It was the means of her death, I believe." 

The bissicg continued, intermingled with threats, 
but I held my ground and kept on, fearless, or rath- 
er heedless, of the result, and I guess they got about 
all they wanted, at least the medium did, for she 
cried out: 

"He means right! he means right!" 
Having obtained this correct acknowledgment of 
my intentions from headquarters, I concluded to sit 
down, when the hissing lulled and finally ceased. 
The lights were turned up, and the seance declared 

Without heeding the sullen and sharp looks of the 
company,with a few remarks of regret that the meet- 
ing had so suddenly terminated,f oUowed by my com- 
panions, I departed. 

As we walked homeward, my mother related what 
had occurred between her and the spirit, which had 
so shocked the medium and shattered the connect- 
ing current. When they were enveloped in the dark- 
ness the spirit stopped, and putting its hands up to 
her face attempted to kiss her. She, however, de- 
clined to receive this expression of endearment, and 
said sharply, with her mouth close to the spirit's 

"You are not my sister. You are a humbug!" 
In an instant the spirit vanished, and almost the 
next the big woman announced the prostration of 
the medium. 

Instead of expressing anger at my spirited partic- 
ipation in the seance, my uncle in really sad tones 
asserted that I had broken up the meeting. This 
charge I denied. The sensitiveness of the spirit or 
the weakness of the medium was really the cause. 
There had been so many exposures made about that 
time that, doubtless, they suspected danger of be- 
coming victims. 

It may be that some ceased with the first install- 
ment to read this article, because its subject was 
seemingly somewhat foreign to the character of the 
Cynosure. Spiritism, like secretism, is a fruit of the 
works of darkness, and in its sphere is doing as 
much harm. Its sittings, etc., are as paganistic as 
any secret society initiation. They are conducted on 
the principle of secrecy, and the Cynosure would not 
deviate far from its legitimate course in showing up 
their deceptions occasionally. Fearing I might be 
crowding out more valuable matter each week from 
the Cynosure's columns, I have contributed this" Ad- 
venture among the Spirits" in small installments, 
thus, much against my desire, prolonging it bevond 
the editor's patience, I fear. D. P. Mathews. 

gate to the G-eneral Assembly, over D. M. Fowler 
of Chicago. The Chicago delegates, it is said, were 
not pleased at the result, and state that the election 
is not legal, as Miss Willard is not a layman. The 
government for the church does not say laity, but 
laymen. It is stated that the General Conference 
will not admit her to a seat in that body. When 
the conference met Friday, it was announced that 
Rev, William Augustus Smith, D. D., was dead. He 
was one of the best known preachers in the confer- 
ence. He was pastor of Rockford Centennial 
church. His death was very sudden, and was 
caused by heart disease. 

— The General Conference of the Swedish Evan- 
gelical Mission Church of North America met last 
week in Des Moines, Iowa, and was attended by 
about fifty pastors and representatives from all 
parts of the country. Among the prominent mem- 
bers were Rev. C. A. Bjork of Chicago, President 
of the conference; E G. Hjerpe of Galesburg, Secre- 
tary; P. Peterson, Emigrant Missionary of New 
York. The secretary reported twenty-five ministers 
engaged in work, over 150 congregations, and twen- 
ty-six theological students in the Swedish Depart- 
ment of the Chicago Theological Seminary. 

— Rev. Wm. McDonald, the President of the Na- 
tional Holiness Association, has declined the honor 
of the title of Doctor of Divinity tendered to him by 
the Upper Iowa University. His chief reason is, 
as he conceives, its unscriptural character as seen 
by reference to Christ's injunction: "Be ye not call- 
ed Rabbi," or Doctor, as scholars say. 

— Mrs. Mary Clement Leavitt writes that all the 
American missions in Burmah have incorporated 
total abstinence in their work, 

— Last year the Eoglish Methodists spent nearly 
$200,000 on church property. 

— The home Sunday-school of Mr, Spurgeon's 
church has 108 teachers, all members of the church, 
and 1,428 scholars. In all the schools connected 
with the Tabernacle, there are 7,677 scholars, 

— The friends of Bishop Taylor's African missions» 
which are not supported by any missionary society, 
have, in the past eighteen months, contributed near- 
ly $46,000 to maintain them,beside8 supplying $25,- 
000 to build the Bishop's steel Congo steamer, which 
has cost $30,000, Many of the stations in Angola 
are now raising much of their food supplies and are 
thus largely self supporting. Seven missionaries 
have died.but seventy remain in active service. This 
does not include the children, of whom a considera- 
ble number are with their parents. Bishop Taylor 
is supposed to have joined the last party that left 
this country in Liberia, and to be now with them on 
the Congo, which they will leave before long to trav- 
el hundreds of miles up the Kassa affluent to the rich 
Baluba country. 


Mbchanical Massage. Principles and practice of remedial 
treatment by imparted motion. By Geo. H Taylor, M D., au- 
thor of 'Health by Exercise," etc. Pp. 173. Price 75 cts. John 
B. Alden, New York. 

This work by the physician who has become justly 
celebrated as the first to introduce the Swedish 
Movement cure in this country shows how to use 
common mechanical power, which is abundant and 
cheap and everywhere attainable, to remedy the most 
difficult chronic diseases after other remedies have 
proved insufficient. Its chapters describe the adap- 
tation of this remedial agent to indigestion in its 
worst forms, including obstinate constipation; to 
nervous diseases, neuralgia and paralysis; to rheum- 
atism and to joint affections; to diseases of the kid- 
neys; and the unrivalled remedial power it exercis- 
es in all forms of enfeebled vitality in persons of all 
ages. The work is written in plain language,though 
philosophical in thought,and is illustrated with cuts, 
rendering its subject clear and practical. 

The American Magazine for October is a popular num- 
ber, openiog with an account of the ascent of Popocata- 
petl in Mt:-xico,wbich is full of well-told incident and is 
happily illustrated. Of equal interest is "American Ex- 
The committee on temperance, in its report to perienccs in China" by C. B. Adams, which without be- 
the Indiana Yearly Meeting of Orthodox Friends, at i°K profound is sketchy, entertaining and puts us in the 
Richmond, referred to the fact that the liquor sell- 1 company with a quick and careful observer of the Chi- 
ers throughout the country had become greatly dis- ! "^se people. "The Washington Nationa Monument is 
j„ .^^ . °., . . J , •', ^, "~^"'"'= 6"='*";'J "'" an illustrated history of the erection of the highest arti- 
turbed in their minds about the active operations of ^^M structure in the world, without any notice of the 
temperance workers. A circular had been issued Masonic clap trap which was attempted at its beginning 
by the committee calling upon every friend of tem- and completion. "Some Factors in Social Evolution" 
perance to cast his vote for prohibition. It appear- tells of the work of woman's clubs in Boston; Grant Al- 
ed that 134 Friends had used intoxicating beverages ^^^ describes the contents of his h' use with collections of 
during the past year, one had sold liquors, fortv-six "J.'^*'^ *°!^ }'^^^^JJ, I^^^f; *°<* ^ ^- "^^'*® '''^^«'' °' 

Religious News. 

sold tobacco, 1,009 had used it, and $9,000 had been 
spent by them for tobacco. 

— At the meeting of the lay delegates of the Rock 

River Methodist Conference at Rockford, III., Fri- 

' day. Miss Frances E. Willard was elected a dele- 

Pittsburg's Invisible Fuel.' 

In the October Words and Weapons Dr. A.rthurT. Pier- 
son writes an inspiring sketch of John Eoox, the Scot- 
tish reformer. A searchirg sermon by Dr. Pentecost on 
"Actual Sin," is a feature of the number. Dr. Pentecost 
addresses a special request to the readers of the magazine 

OoTOBSR 6, 1887 



for their prayers, thus. "The lime is at 
hand when the fall and winter work is to 
begin. I venture, therefore, to ask an 
especial interest in the prayers of all my 
readers for the blessing of God upon my 
labors this winter. Even while you are 
reading these lines I shall have begun a 
series of union Gospel meetings under 
the auspices of the churches in Amesbury, 
Mass., where I expect to remain for six 
weeks. Thence I shall (D. V ) go to 
Augusta, Me ; thence to Lawrence, Mass. 
It will be a comfort to know that many 
Christians will be praying for the success 
of the work. My old friend, brother, and 
fellow laborer, Mr. Stebbins, also surren- 
ders his position as chorister of my late 
church to go with me into this blessed 
work. For more than ten years we have 
wrought together, preaching Christ and 
singing the Gospel. I ask for him the 
same measure of Christian fellowship and 
prayers that I do for myself." 

The American edition of the Hhistrated 
London ^ews for Oct. 1 contaios a full 
page illustration of Miss Mary Anderson 
as Hermoine in "A Winter's Tale," pic- 
tures of the new Chinese naval squadron, 
and an illustrated article on English Ex- 
ploration in Egypt, besides other articles 
of interest and pictures of merit. Deal- 
ers now furnish this noted periodical for 
ten cents a copy, and at the oflflce of pub- 
lication, 237 Potter Building, New York, 
subscriptions are received at very favora- 
ble rates. 

Lodge Notes. 

The Veteran Union League has de 
clined the invitation to parade at the re- 
ception of President Cleveland in Chicago. 

A poem by Maurice Thompson, pre- 
senting an Address by an ex Rebel to the 
Grand Army of the Republic, is one of 
the features of the October American 

General Master Workman Powderly 
one year ago announced that the Knights 
of Labor had a grand total membership 
of 800,000. From a" recent estimate 
about one half that number is reckoned 
as their actual strength. — Inter Ocean. 

The latest compiled statistics of the 
Order of the Templar in the world show 
770 subordinates, with a membership of 
77,394 in the United States; and in Can- 
ada, England, Ireland, and Scotland 188 
subordinates, with a membership of 
5,530, or a grand total of 77,924 Knights 

District Assembly No. 49, Knights of 
Labor, passed a resolution lately asking 
Governor Oglesby, of Illinois, to com- 
mute the sentence of the seven Chicago 
anarchists. They ordered the committee 
appointed some weeks ago to get names 
of sympathizers with the anarchists to 
hurry up, and also to pick up all the 
money they could get to aid the con- 
demned men. 

A gentleman from New Jersey has or- 
ganized a temperance order of King's 
Sons, and calls upon all men, commercial 
travelers in particular, to show their col- 
ors and declare for King Manhood and 
against King Alcohol. It is formed on 
the "ten times one is ten" principle, and 
each member pledges himself "to drink 
no intoxicating liquors, and to try to get 
ten others to join the army." 

The night of July 30 J. B. Wilson, a 
farmer of Henry county. 111., fifteen miles 
east of Moline, mysteriously disappeared. 
Hie clothes, shoes, hat, watch and a small 
sum of money were found on the bank 
of Rock river, near Colona. The report 
was circulated that Wilson had been 
drowned, and application was made for 
the amount of his insurance— $3,000— in 
the Orion Lodge of the Modern Wood- 
men. By means of photographs detec- 
tives have traced Wilson to Canada, 
where he is now living under an alias. 

John G. Jones is a lawyer of good re- 
pute, an estimable gentleman and a schol- 
ar, and up to Sept. 3 was an honored 
member of a number of Masonic lodges 
and orders. He was also exalted to the 
position of Grand Inspector General of 
the Thirty third Degree of the Supreme 
Council of Ancient and Accepted Scottish 
Rite Masons This was all prior to Sept. 
3. He is now only plain John Jnnes, 
without any degree, and the cause of his 
beiog'shorn of his long and honorable 
title of G. I G. of the T. T. D. of the 
8. C. of A AS R. M was, he says, Jo- 
sephW. Moore. Mr. Moore had a longer 
title even than dc. Jones, being the Moat 

Worshipful Grand Master of the State 
Worshipful Grand Lodge of Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons for the State of 
Illinois. He was, besides, the Right 
Worshipful Grand Secretary of the etc., 
etc. The ex Grand Inspector General, 
etc, claims that the Most Worshipful 
Grand Master, etc., wrongfully suspended 
him from his oflace in the lodge, and yes- 
terday he went into the courts to seek 
reparation for his wounded honor. He 
instituted an action in the Circuit Court 
against Mr. Moore to recover $10,000 
damages for the alleged uncalled for af- 
front [The above is from the Chicago 
Berald of Monday. It is probably part 
of the history of colored Masonry.] 



The following have made remittances 
of money to the Cynosure from Sept. 26 
to Oct. 1 inclusive. 

R Bark, J Hawkins, C K Green, C N 
Fox, H 8 Boyd, D P Mathews, J R 
Johnson, B Loveless, W B Walthall, O 
C Lindley, R Kraut, W Machemer, O W 
Watkins, D Molynenx, H M Whittimore, 
A F Plummer, M Schram, Mrs C H Gil- 
lett, Mrs M C Eaton, G T Mirhey, W H 
Dawson, J McCleery, M W Holt. 

The time is near for buying holiday 
presents. If you preserve the Cynosure 
of Sept. 8th you will have The Literary 
Revolution list of Jno. B. Alden's books 
to select from. Well printed, well bound 
and cheap are valuable qualities. 


still remains at $2.00 per year, but the 
N. C A. at its annual meeting continued 
the offer for another year of the special 
rate of one dollar and fifty cents per 

year in advance. 
One month . . $ .15 
Two months. .25 
Four months . . 50 
Six months . . .75 
Eight months 1.00 

One year .... $1 . 50 
*Two years.. 3.00 
*Three years . 4 . 50 
*Four years . . 6 . 00 
*Five years . . 7 . 50 

Specimen Numbers.— For ten cents 
we will send the Christian Cynosure for 
three weeks to any address, thus giving 
them a chance to examine the paper and 
subscribe if they think best. Could you 
make better use of a dollar of the Lord's 
money than to send to ten of your friends 
three copies of the Cynoav/ret 


to those who receive the Christian Cyno- 
sure ^ith this it«m marked. A friend has 
paid for the paper to be sent to you for a 
few months, with the hope that at the end 
of the time paid for you will wish to 
subscribe for it, but if you do not, the pa- 
per will not be sent beyond the time paid 
for. If for any reason you are not will- 
ing to receive it on the above terms, 
please send notice to that effect at once 



Wheat— No. 8 70 @ 73 

No. 3 66 68 

Winter No a 74 

Com— No. a 42%« 48]^ 

Oats— No.8 ^^^^.^^ 25 @ 29^ 

Rye— No. 2 4b% 

Branperton 11 5' 

Hay— Timothy 9 50 @13 50 

Butter, medium to best 16 @ 34 

Cheese 04 @ I2t/ 

Beans 1 25 @ 2 50 

Eggs 17 18 

Seeds— Timothy 2 05 Q 2 25 

Flax 1'7 

Broom com 02>^@ 07 

Potatoes per bus 60 (a 65 

Hides— Green to dry flint 07>i@ 13 

Lumber— Common 11 00 ^18 00 

Wool 10 @ 34 

Cattle— Choice to extra 4 60 @ 5 25 

Common to good 1 75 «> 4 fO 

Hogs 4 30 a 4 OT 

Sheep 2 50 @ 4 40 


Flour 330 @560 

Wheat— Winter 77 @ 83>^ 

Spring 79 

Cora 60>i@ 5\^ 

Oate 32 (s 40 

Eggs « 15 ® 91 

Butter 16 (^ 25 

Wool 09 87 


Cattle 1 30 ffl 4 60 

Hogt..^....,.. ..►^ .~« 2 25 a 5 00 

uSn .,—. ^—.MMi-aoo S 3 60 


Orders filled at the rate of 50 cents per 
1,000 pages at the ofl9ce, or 75 cents per 
1,000 pages by mail. 

Contributions are solicted to the Tract 
Fund for the free distribution of tracts. 

In this series of Tracts will be found 
the opinions of such men as Hon. J. Q. 
Adams, Wm. H. S«ward, James Madison, 
Daniel Webster, Richard Rush. John 
Hancock, Millard Fillmore, Chief Justice 
Marshall, Seth M. Gates, Nathaniel Col- 
ver. President Finney, President Blanch- 
ard, Philo Carpenter, Chancellor Howard 
Crosby, D. L. Moody, and others. 



The character of this valuable pamphlet is 
seen from Its chapter headings: I. — Masonic 
Attempts on the Lives of Seceders. II.— Ma- 
sonic Slander. III. — Masonic Assault on Free 
Speech. IV. — Freemasonry Among the Col- 
ored People, v.— Masonic Interference with 
the Punishment of Criminals. VI.— The Fruits 
of the Masonic Institution as seen In the Con- 
spiracies and Outrages of Other Secret Orders. 
VII.— The Relation of the Secret Lodge Sys- 
tem to the Foregoing and SimUar Outrages. 


National Christian Association. 



With Practical Notes on the Books 
of Scroture. 

Designed for Ministers, Local Preachers, S. 
S. Teachers, and all Christian Workers. 

Chapter I.— Different Methods of Bible 

Chapter II.— Rules of Interpretation. 

Chapter III. — Interpretations of Bible Types 
and Symbols. 

Chapter IV. — Analysis of the books of the 

Chapter V.— Miscellaneous Helps. 

Cloth, 184 pages, price postpaid, 50 cents. 

Address, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 




"West Africa. 



Of Shalngay, W. A. 

"With Portrait of ttie .A-uthor. 

Mr. Cole is now In the employ of the N.C.A. 
and traveling with H.H.Hlnman In the South. 
Price, postpaid, 20 cts. 

National Christian Asscciation. 

X21 W. Bfadison St.. Cldoaco. 111. 

Card Photographs. 



Price,. 10 Cents each. 



20 CenU each. 
National Christian Association, 
221 W. Madison St. Chicago 


^T J^ C3-L.-A.2SrOB: 


Past MitMtor or Key.vtono I<04l(;e, 
No. n:2», C'hicaKo. 

IlltifilrntnA every olim, in'lp and ceremonr of the 
Lodge aud alvea n brief explanstion of each. This 
wiirk Khould bo sralterevl like lenvao aU o\er the 
country. It ih ko cht<np that It rau be used aa 
trnclM. and mone} thus "ipomled will brlni{ a Ihiuu- 
'Km harveat. 3i patics. I'llce. puntpald, tl cent^ 
l>ur 1UI>. Addreaa, 

National Christian Association, 

Ml WeakBladlMa St.. CJklMic** Ufc 


By ttie I?,oiTiaii Cath- 
olic Ohurcli. 

A Moral Mystery how any Friend of Belig- 

ions Liberty cotild Consent to ''band 

over Ireland to Farnellite Kale." 

By Rev. John Lee, A. M., B. D- 

General Viticount WoUdey: "Int resting." 

Chicago Inter-Ocean: "A searching review." 

Christian CynoKure: 'It deserves a wide clr- 
cnlatlon at tbe present time " 

Bishop Coxe, Protestant Episcopal, of West- 
em New York: "Most useiul publication ; a 
logical sequel to 'Our Country,' by Joslah 

Emile De Lavdeye of Belgium, the great pub- 
licist: ''I have read with the Kreatest interest 
your answer to Cardinal Maiining. I think 
Rome's encroachments In the United States 
ought to be carefully watched and resisted." 

Rev. C. C. JfcCabe, D D.: "It Is a useful 
book and ougut to have a wide sale. Tou are 
dealing with a question which will soon domi- 
nate every other In American politics. 1 he 
Assassin uf NatiotiA is in our midst and is ap- 
proaching the Temple of Liberty with stealthy 
tread. The people of this country will under- 
stand the Belfast frenzy some day better than 
they do now " 

the Right Hon. Lord Robert Montague: "I 
have read It with the grcdiest pleasure, and 
with amazement at the intimate acquaintance 
with tbe acts of Romanism In our Uiidst which 
you have evinced. I on'y wish that. Instead 
of publishing your pamphlet lu Cnicaeo, yon 
had sown It broadcast uver England, Scotland 
and Ireland." 


National Christian Association, 

221 W. Madison St, Chicago. 





Prof. Lumry's book, "National Suicide and 
Its Remedy," will be read with profit even by 
those who do not accept Its doctrine, that tak 
Ing Interest for money loaned, one or more per 
cent, Is sin, taking something for nothing. 
For, as Qoldsmlth e^d of his Vicar of Wake- 

E'en his fallliiKS lean to vlrtne'a side. 

— Cvweur*. 

Dr. Lumry is a man of Ideas and never fails 
to make his readers understand just what they 
are. Every sentiment he writes has such an 
air of honesty that it wlU in a measure disarm 
those who read to criticise. It Is a good book 
to set people to thinking, whether they believe 
his theories or not. The book Is well worth a 
careful reading and study.— /titer Ocean. 

On aU the points named they dISer radically 
from those which prevail In the organization 
of society. Either they are true or false. It 
is a curious fact that all of them have been 
stigmatized as crazy, and yet nearlv all of 
them have been for some years steadily gain- 
ing the adherence of men of intellectual abil- 
ity.— rinuw. 

Frloe, postpaid. Cloth boand, 91.00, Pa- 
per bound, 7S cent*. 

Address, W. I. PHILLIPS. 

221 w. MadlsoD St.. Chlcaac His 



Containing some Sixty FBOHIBITION, be- 
sides many Patriotic, Social, Devotional and 
Miscellaneous Songs. The whole comprising 




By the well-known 

Ore J TV. Clark. 


The collecUon Is Dedicated to HUMANITY 
HAPPY HOMES, agahist the CRIME »n<l 
SiMOLB Copt SO Cbnts. 

National Christian Association, 
Sai W. Madison Street ChlcaKO. 


The complete revised ritaal of the Lulit.-. rc-amv 
mont and Keliokah dadlc') dfRrees, prof ni>ely lllustrh 
'I'd. and Kuaranirrd lo l>o Mrlolly accurate: with a 
skt'tcli of I he orli;ln. hUtory and characi or of I lie onter, 
over one liundrcd foot-noio quotatlonnfn^m standara 
authorltlc*. showing the charnctcr and Icai-hlninof 
Jhi> order, and nn »n«lvi'ls of en.-li drercr l>v TresiliJent 
J. ftlam-hard. The rliual corresponds exactly wliti 
hi'-'Chanre Books" furnished by tlio Sovereign Grand 
Lodite Inclolh. SI. (K>: per doten. 18.00. Papercova- 
n ceo's; per dojcn »t iM. 

All enters promptly niled by the 
•St W. MMUsoB atr***, OhioAC*. 



October 6, 188) 

Farm Notes. 


Our American dairy interests are start- 
lingly enormous. They represent an 
investment of nearly five times as much 
as the entire bank capital of the country 
— that is to say, the bank capital is a little 
less than $671,000,000, while the dairy 
interests amount to more than $3,000,- 
000,000. Of course our readers cannot 
swallow such frightful figures in a lump, 
and we will therefore arrange them in 
several smaller but still heroic doses. 
The number of milch cows is estimated 
at 21,000,000. They give each an average 
of 350 gallons of milk annually. This 
would make an aggregate milk produc- 
tion of 7,350,000,000 gallons, a miniature 
ocean, a fair-sized Niagara. Four thou- 
sand million gallons are used for butter, 
700,000,000 for cheese, and the remaining 
2,480,000,000 pass through the adulter- 
ating hands of the milkman and grocer, 
and down the throats of 60,000.000 men, 
women, and babies in this land of free- 
dom. The quantity of butter manufac- 
tured and used is about 1,350,000,000 
pounds, and of cheese 6,5f^0,000 pounds. 
The value of our dairy products lor the 
last twelve months was nearly $500,000,- 
000. This is $20,000,000 more than the 
value of our annual wheat yield, while it 
closely approximates that of our corn 
crop, which is the most valuable of our 
farm products. To support this immense 
dairy herd 100,000,000 acres of pasture 
land are required, worth $2,500,000,000. 
It is easy enough to see, therefore, that 
the 400,000,000 farmers in this country 
are an important element of our national 
welfare and prosperity. — New York Her- 


The Vanderbilt University, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn , announces a new departure 
that other colleges of the country would 
do well to follow. The Dean of the 
engineering department, Mr. Landreth, 
has issued circulars announcing that a 
class in highway construction is to be 
opened free of charge to one principal or 
deputy highway commissioner or other 
oflScial from each county, the beneficiary 
to be appointed by the County Judge. 
The course of instruction will extend 
from Feb . 1 to April 1 and will consist 
of lectures and work on the economical 
location of highways to conform to con- 
ditions of topography and traffic, princi- 
ples of construction of new and recon- 
struction of old roads, methods of drain- 
age, simple highway structures, retaining 
walls, culverts, simple bridges; also prac- 
tice in field sketching, platting, draught- 
ing, and computing estimates of cost. 
Tuition in manual technology at the 
Vanderbilt is free to all students; and 
now the opening of the class in road 
engineering to public officials charged 
with oversight of the highways is a step 
that is highly to be commended. The 
offer is not restricted to State lines, but 
limited only by the capacity of the insti- 

The question of improved public roads 
is one of the most important in the entire 
realm of public economy. Road making 
is a science; and though not abstruse, yet 
some measure of study and practical 
training are essential to the thorough 
comprehension of the principles of con- 
struction that have been found by expe- 
rience to be most economical and service- 

There is no country in the world, 
wherein the people are equally wealthy 
and intelligent, that has such abominably 
bad public roads as are found in the 
United States, and especially in the West- 
ern States. One reason is we have so 
much greater mileage to construct; but 
the principal trouble is cultivated brains 
and practical skill are not applied to the 
business of road making. 

In some of the European countries the 
superintendence of public highways is 
intrusted only to specially trained expert 
government engineers. The roads arc 
laid out, graded, and worked on a system 
based on well established scientific prin- 
ciples. We shall have to adopt in this 
country some system of official oversight 
of the highways if we ever improve upon 
our present execrable wagon tracks. — 
Inter Ocean. 

Stakt Incubators Early. — A con- 
temporary advises those wno are to use 
incubators next spring to purchase and 
put them in operation this fall. One 
cannot learn the methods of operating 
too soon. Nothing but e.\ perience will 

teach one to run them successfully, and 
experience comes much cheaper in Sep- 
tember and October than five or six 
months later. If you do not care to raise 
a lot of fall chicks give them to some one 
who will care for them. 

Rene-wing Old Trees.— According to 
the late Ben. Perley Poore — to whom 
was awarded a prize of $1,000 for the 
best plantation forest in Massachusetts — 
old fruit and forest trees can be renovated 
by digging a trench four feet in width 
and three feet deep around the tree. A 
ball of earth is left directly around the 
trunk of the tree, containing the main 
roots. In this trench put soil, with lib- 
eral allowances of manure, refuse from a 
blacksmith's forge and some potash, and 
have them all well mixed together. The 
effect will be to clothe the tree with the 
luxuriance and vigor of a young tree. 

Dry the Potatoes. — Among the sea- 
sonable hints is that, after digging pota- 
toes they should be allowed to dry thor- 
oughly before removing to the storage 
bins. If dried in the shade it will be 
better than exposing them to the direct 
rays of the sun, and they should not be 
stored too soon after digging them, but 
be kept spread out for a few days. 

Cleaning Wells. — Many farmers are 
almost criminally careless about cleaning 
wells, and their families often suffer in 
consequence from disease caused by the 
use of impure water. Some one has 
truly said that it is fortunate for many 
that the house well sometimes becomes 
dry, because it gives an opportunity for 
cleaning it thoroughly. If it has not 
been cleaned for two or three years, 
pump it dry and go at it. Any one will 
be surprised how much sediment a well 
accumulates even when its top is care- 
fully guarded. Bad water is a great 
enemy to health and longevity. 


Will be furnished to those who desire in- 
formation or who will distribute them 
where they will do the most good. 

There are in stock now a large number 

"freemasonry in the family." 

This is especially interesting to ladies. 
"to the boys who hope to be men." 

It is illustrated and will please the 
school children. 

"selling dead horses." 
You can always get the attention of 
farmers or men who are interested in 
horses with this tract. 

"moody on secret societies" 
leads Christians to separation. 

A limited number of two new tracts 
will be sent to any who need them. 
"the sons of veterans." 
"in which army are you?" 
Remember these tracts will be sent you 
freely. But any who wish to contribute 
to this Free Tract Fund are earnestly re- 
quested to do so. 

Ought you not, once a year at least, to 
put a tract into each one of your neigh- 
bor's houses? Will you send for a supply 
soon ? • 

National Christian Association, 
221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

Imis or Laboe Immm. 

The Full Illustrated Ritual 


'^Unwritten Work" 


Historical Sketch of the Order. 
Price 25 Cents. 

281 West MadlBon Street.CHICAGO. 


Sing the Reform 
Into the Hearts of the People 

One of the most popular books against 
lodgery is the latest compilation of 

George W. Clark, 

The IWCinStrel of Reformi 

A forty-page book of soul-stirring, conscience- 
awakening songs, appropriate for lectores, 
conventions and the home circle. What can 
add more to the interest of a meeting than a 
song well sung? What means wUl more quick 
ly overthrow the power of the secret lodges 
than to sing the truth into the popular con 

Get this little work and use it for God and 
home and country. Forty pages. 

Price 10 cents, postpaid. Address, 
National Christian Association, 
221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 



Secret Societies. 


A warning to the traveler and the 
unwary and a key to many mysteries 
— serviceable for both secretists and 
anti-secretists. "To be forewarned is 
to be forearmed." 

A sensation but a fact. Read and 
toe convinced. Nine Illustrations. 

Postpaid, 15 cents. 
national christian a.ssociation, 

aai W. Madison St., Chicago. 



With Eighteen Military Diagrams 

As Adopted and Promulgated by the 

Sovereign Grand Lodge 


Independent Order of Odd-Fellows, 

At Baltimore, Maryland, Sept. 24tli, 1885. 

Compiled and Arranged by John C. Undes^ v 

Lieutenant General. 




Historical Sketch and Introduction 

By Pres't. J. Blanchard, of Wheaton College. 

25 cents each. * 

For Sale by the NatioDal Christian Association. 

221 West Madison St. CMcaibol 





Bishop Fllckinger of the U. B. church says 
that, "This volume will well repay a care- 
ful readlDg not only for its discussion and ex- 
position of these societies, but because it gives 
much valuable information respecting other 
Institutions of that great continent." 

J. Augustus Cole, the author of this pam- 
phlet is a native of Western Africa, and Is of 
pure negro blood. He has given much time 
and care to the investigation of the secret so- 
cieties and heathen customs of Western Afri- 
ca. He joined several of the secret orders for 
the purpose of obtaining full and correct in- 
formation regarding their nature and opera- 
tion. His culture and superior powers of dis- 
crimination render what he has written most 
complete and reliable. 

99 pages, paper, postpaid, 26 cents. 

National Christian Association. 

221 "W. Madison St.. Chioaso. lU. 


Or Personal BeminiBcences of the Abduction 
and Murder of Capt. Wm. Morgan. 
By Samuel D. Oreene. 

One of thp moBt IntorPstlnK hooks ever published. In 
cloth. 7S cents; per dozen, tT-iil). Paper covers, 40centB; 
per dozen, W.nO. 

Tills deeply InterestInK naratlve shows what Mason- 
ry liHs done iind Is capaliie of dolnR In the Courts, and 
how lind iiH'n control the pood men In the lodge and 
protect tlieir own memliers when Rutl'y of great 
■".Timtt. For Bale at 221 W. Madison St., Cuioaoo, bT 




Jhe Coming Conflict 






"All will agree that this is a powerfully written 
•tory." — Evangelist, (Chicago, Ills.) 

"A book which we trust may have a wide circnla- 
tion." — National Buplisl, (Philadelphia.) 

"So intensely interesting did I find it that it was 
hard to pause until the last sentence was read. This 
work places the author high among the writers of fic- 
tion."— W. W. Barr,D. Christian Instructor, {Phil- 

" " Unless we are greatly mistaken, the work will do 
more \o awaken the American church and people to 
the evils of Freemasonry than any other book re- 
cently published." — Evangelical Repository. 

" The book will create a sensation in Masonic cir- 
cles, and evoke criticism of a most relentless character. 
The courage of the author in attacking such a rock- 
rooted bulwark as Freemasonry is something to admire. 
Fanatic though he be." — Nebraska Watchman. 

" Light is needed on this subject end needed badly, 
and we welcome this contribution to the literature of 
anti-secretiem, and cordially commend it to the favor- 
able attention of our readers." — United Presbyterian, 

"A charming work, fit to be classed with 'Uncle 
Tom's Cabin ;' it is indeed less a work of fiction. The 
volume is as Yaluable as a work of reference as it is 
agreeable, truthful and useful. Our young folks will 
not leave the book, if they begin it, till they 'see how 
it turns out.' " — Oynosure, (Chicago, Ills.) f 

' Thick paper, beautifuiy bound, 352 pages, sent to 
any address for $1.50. AGENTS WANTED. 

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And lor tluse Oealliis wltH EnmiiTeis. 


M.A. 52d thousand (over 20a000 sold In Kn«l«ld). 
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better adapted to aid in the work of him who would 
be a winner of souls, or to place In the hands of tbe 
unconverted." 282 pages, iSmo, 75 cts. ; paper, 86 Ct« 

Find It. By D.L.Moody. 148 pages, l2mo. Clotty 


« The Way of Salvation is made as clear aa slmM 

language and forcible, pertfuentlHustraUoDcaniDUBi 

Jlt."—LzUkeran Observer. 
" Very earnest and powerfuL"— JV&ttonai BaptUt^ 


By Maj. D. W. Whltue. 124 pages, J2mo, detb, 

w cts.; paper, SOcts. 

"Tlie way life Is obtained, theway tosenrolBttSB 

warfare, and the way to have assured victory, are ao* 

nilrably presented la a clear, helpful style, sD*UDdlng 

with apt Illustrations." 

pared by D. L. Moody. 46th thousand. A treatiM 
on Regeneration, followed by Jir. Moody's belpfnl 
suggestions ou Slble study. 64 pages, cloth, 25 cts.; 
paper, 16 cts. 

nV INariRT meetings ; or. Plain 
Truths for Anxious Souls. By Robert B-yd, 
P.D. 64 pages and cover. Price, 15 cents. 
"For Blmpllclty, clearness and force of statement 

we liave met wicb nothing that eqnals tbi^ Uttto 

motli."— Interior. 


By H. W . Soltau. 108 pages, paper, 8 cts. 

Brookes, D.D. Cloth, SOcts.; paper, 25 cts. 
DOUBTS BEinOVED. By Csesar UalM, 

D.D. 82 pages, paper, 6 cts. 

ander Marsh all , with ansvrers to popular objeotloni. 

Brief, pointed and pithy. 32 pages and cover, 6ct*.i 

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oov«ni,8Set8. r » 

Address, W. 1. PHILLIPS, 

221 W. Madison St.. Chicago, lUi 

A Few Books of Special Worth 


THE 1.IFE OF CHRIST. By Rev. Jamea 
Stalker, M.A. Arranged for study. 16mo, cloth, 
60 cts. 

This work Is In truth "Multun-: In Parvo," contain. 
Jng within small compass a vast, amountof most help- 
ful teaching, so admirably arranged that the reader 
gathers with remarkable deflnlteness the whole re- 
vealed record of the life-work of our Lord In a nut- 
shell of space and with a minimum of study. 
HI<>."«ES, ns .Seen in ihe Tabernacle and Hit 
.Sevviocs. By Rev. George liogers. >'ewKdltlou, 
enlarged. Cloth, 75cts.; paper.iOcts. 
The writer of this dollghtf ully Interesting work >1 
opened up a rich vein of trnth, and Iii a remarks c^ 
suggestive style has presented the typical t'-achlngs 
of the Tabernacle of Israel. The book fs:eally fas- 

Bini.E HEADINGfS. By Brlggs and Elliott. 
Oontalns over twenty short, chapters liy various 
authors on different plans and methods for Bible 
Keadlngs, foUowctlby oifr six hundred outlinen o/ 
Millie Jt'eadiiign. by a great variety of authors. 2k! 
pages, 12rno,tlexlble cloth, 75 cts.; stiff cloth, $1.00. 


TEI'CH. By C. H. Macintosh. 6 vols. In set. 

Per set, f4..50 ; separate vols., each, 76 cts. 

Mr. D. L. .Moody says: "They have been to me a 
very key to the Scriptures." 

MaJ. n. W. Whittle says: "Under God they have 
hIesBcd nic more than any books outside the Bible I 
have ever read." 


D. L. Moody. A most practical llttl* work. 

Flejcllile cloth, 15 cts.; paper, 10 cts. 

oi;tl.iives of the books op the 

HI 111. E. By Rev. J. H. Brookes, D.D. Very sug- 
gestive and helpful. ISOpages, dotb, oUCts.; paper, 
25 cts. 

*•* iSeiU by MoU; fOtdsoM, OM rte^pt «< pHcK. 

ddrcM, W. I. PHILLIPS, 

in W. XadiMH St., CbicAgoIIi 

OfiTOBER 6, 1887 



Home and Health. 


In a lecture before the Society of Arts, 
London, Mr. A. W. C. Ghean gave the 
following concise and simple directions 
how to act on the occurrence of fires. 
Fire requires air; therefore, on its appear- 
ance every effort should be made to 
exclude air — shut all doors and windows. 
By this means fire may be confined to a 
single room for a sufficient period to 
enable all the inmates to be aroused and 
escape; but if the doors and windows are 
thrown open, the fanning of the wind and 
the draught will instantly cause the flames 
to increase with extraordinary rapidity. 
It must never be forgotten that the most 
precious moments are at the commence- 
ment of a fire, and not a single second of 
time should be lost in tackling it. In a 
room, a table cloth can be so used as to 
smother a large sheet of flame, and a 
cushion may serve to beat it out; a coat 
or anything similar may be used with an 
equally successful result. The great point 
is presence of mind— calmness in danger, 
action guided by reason and thought. In 
all large houses, buckets of water should 
be placed on every landing, a little salt 
being put into the water. Always en- 
deavor to attack the bed of a fire; if you 
cannot extinguish a fire, shut the win- 
dow, and be sure to shut the door when 
making good your retreat. A wet silk 
handkerchief tied over the eyes and nose 
will make breathing possible in the midst 
of much smoke, and a blanket wetted 
and wrapped around the body will enable 
a person to pass through a sheet of flame 
in comparative safety. Should a lady's 
dress catch flre, let the wearer at once lie 
down. Rolling may extinguish the flre, 
but if not, anything (woolen preferred) 
wrapped tightly round will effect the 
desired purpose A burn becomes less 
painful the moment air is excluded from 
it. For simple burns, oil or the white of 
an egg can be used. One part of carbolic 
acid to six parts of olive oil is found to 
be invaluable in most cases, slight or 
severe, and the first layer of lint should 
not be removed till the cure is complete, 
but saturated by the application of fresh 
outer layers from time to time. Linen 
rag soaked in a mixture of equal parts of 
lime water and linseed oil aldo forms a 
good dressing. Common whiting is very 
good, applied wet and continually damp- 
ened with a sponge. 

Every one has a cure for sore throat, 
but simple remedies appear to be most 
effectual. Salt and water is used by 
many as a gargle, but a little alum and 
honey dissolved in sage tea is better. An 
application of cloths wrung out of hot 
water and applied to the neck, changing 
as often as they begin to cool, has the 
most potency for removing inflammation 
of anything we ever tried. It should be 
kept up for a number of hours; during 
the evening is the usually most conve- 
nient time for applying this remedy. 


Dissolve a teaspoonful of alum in a 
quart of warm water. When cold stir in 
as much flour as will make it the con- 
sistency of thick cream, being particular 
to beat up all the lumps; stir in as much 
powdered resin as will stand on a dime, 
and add a few drops of oil of cloves to 
give it a pleasant odor. Have on the fire 
a teacupful of boiling water; pour the 
flour mixture into it, stirring well all the 
time. In a few minutes it will be like 
mush. Pour it into an earthen dish; let 
cool, and keep it in a cool place. When 
needed for use, take out a portion and 
soften with warm water. — Selerted. 


Willow chairs and other furniture of 
that kind can be cleaned by scrubbing 
carefully with salt water, rinsing and 
rubbing dry. 

A bag of hot salt or sand applied to an 
aching face or limb, is often a great re- 
lief. The rubber bags that can be filled 
with hot water and then the neck screwed 
up, are also a great convenience, espe- 
cially in sickness. 

Oil cloths will retain their freshness 
and last much longer if washed in tepid 
milk and water than if scoured with hot 
water and soap. A thin coat of varnish 
once or twice a year will make them more 

Keep your clock on time if possible, 
not too fast nor too slow. If the clock is 
ten minutes too fast and you are aware 
of it, the general tendency is to make 
double allowance for that. Especially is 

this important when trains are depended 
upon, where the loss of a minute may 
derange a day's plans. 

$250 in cash! 3 Worcester's and 3 
Webster's Dictionaries, worth $89, and 
4 Dictionary Holders, worth $15 50, given 
as prizes for best essays answering the 
question "Why should I use a Dictionary 
Holder? For full particulars, send to 
La Verne W Noyes, 99 and 101 W. Mon- 
roe St., Chicago, the maker of Dictionary 
Holders. Or inquire at your Bookstore. 

Standard Wornus 




National Christian Associat'n 

221 Weit IidiioD Street, CMctgo, lUiooii. 

A oomDleto Ottalosv* Mnt far** ob AppUosUon. 


Freemasonry IHuBtrated. A complete 
expoBlMon of the Beven degrees of the Blue Lodge 
and Chapter. Profusely Illustrated. A historical 
sketch of the Institution and a critical analysis of 
the character of each degree, by Prest. J. Blanch- 
ard, of Wheaton College. Monitorial quotations 
and nearly four hundred notes from standard Ma- 
sonic authorities confirm the truthfulness of this 
exposition and show the character of Masonic teach- 
ing ani doctrine. The accuracy of this exposition 
tegally attested by J. O. Doesburg, Past Master Un- 
ity rZ! Ko. 191, Holland, Mich., and oth^ rs. This 
ia the latest, most accurate and complete exposi- 
tion of Blue Lodge and Chapter Masonry. Over 
one hundred Illustrations — several of them full 
page — give a pictorial representation of the lodge- 
•oom, chapter and principal ceremonies of the de- 
grees, with the dress of candidates, signs, grips, 
»tc. Complete work of 640 pages, In cloth, $1.00 

Ex-President John Qxdzicy Adams* 

Letters on the Nature of Masonic Oaths, Obliga- 
tions and Penalties. Thirty most Interesting, able 
and convincing letters on the above general subject, 
written by this renowned statesman to different pub- 
lic men of the United States during the years 1831 
to 1833. With Mr. Adams' address to the peo.Je of 
Massachusetts upon political aspects of lodgery; an 
Appeudix giving obligations of Masonry, and an able 
Introduction. This Is one of the most telling anti- 
secrecy works extant, aside from the Expositions. 
Price, cloth, tl.OO; per dozen, $9.00. Paper. 8t 
cents; per dozen. $3.60. 

Freemasonry Exposed. By Capt. William 
Morgan. The genuine old Morgan book repub- 
lished, with engravings showing the lodge-room, 
dress of candidates, signs, due guards, grips, etc. 
This revelation was so accurate that Freemasons 
murdered the author for writing It. 25 cents each ; 
per dozen, $2.00. 

"Finney on Masonry. The character, clal os 
and practltal workings of Freemasonry. By Prest. 
Oharles <J. Finney, of Oberlln College. President 
Finney was a "bright Mason," but left the lodge 
when he became a Christian. This book has opened 
the eyes of multitudes. In cloth, 78 cent.i; per 
do^en, $7 60. Paper cover. 8t cents i per dozen. 


IVCasonio Oatba Null and Void; or. Free- 
masonry Self-Convic' '"" '■= is a book tor the 
limes. The design of in,, _ is to refute the .ar- 
guments of those who ( laim that th« oaths of Free- 
masonry are binding upon those who take them, 
His arguments are conclusive, and the forcible 
manner ^n which they are put, being drawn from 
Scripture, makes them convincing. The miniBtei 
or lecturer will find In this work a rich fund oi 
arguments. 207 pp., postpaid 40ct8. 

OoUegre Secret Societies. Their casta i 
character, and the efforts for theli suppression. Mj 
H. L. Zellogg Containing the opinion of msDT 
prominent college presidents, and others, and a fn4 
account of the muider of Mortl-ner l.«tKett. * 
cents each; per dozen. $2. 00. 

Five Rituals Bound Tosrether. "Oddfel 
lowship llliistrated"' (old work), "Knights of 
Pythias lUnstrati'd," "Rood Templarism llluo 
trat'-d," "K.icp()nitlon of the Grange" and "Ritua 
of the Grand Army of the Kepublic," are sold 
bound together in Cloth for$l.()0; per do/.., $9.00 

Sermon on Hasonry, by Rev. James wn 
Mams, Presiding Klder of Dakota District North 
wi'Piern Iowa Conference. M. E. Church — a seccd- 
liiK Master Mason. Published at the special in- 
quest of nine clergymen of dirTr.-ent denominations, 
and others. 10 cents each; per dozen, 76 cents. 

Thirteen Reasons why a Christian shouu*. 
not l>e a Kr>eini>si>n. By Kev. Robert Armstrong. 
The Riidior etnti-s ills reasons clearly and carefully, 
and any one of the thirteen reasons, If prop<'rly con- 
sldcri'd, win keep a Christian out of the lodge. S 
cents each; per dozen, 60 cents. 

The Uyario Tie, or j^/eemasonry a 

Lkauus wiru TUB Devil. This Is an account of 
the chur&n trial of Peter Cook and wife, of Klklir.rt, 
Indiana, for r>!fUBln(( to support n r;;vcrend F,-ee- 
mason; and the'.'- very able defense presented by 
Mrs. Lucia C. Cook. In which she clearly 8how» 
that Fracmasonry Is antagonistic to the Christian 
Mlgton. 15 cents each: cer dctcn. $] . >J6 

Ritual of the Orand Army of the Re- 

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Are HCasonio Oaths Binding on vne In« 

ITIATK. By Kov. A. L. Post. Proof of the sinful- 
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who have taken them to openly repudiate tbem. , 
cents each ; per dozen, 50 cents. 

National Christian Association. 

■•I W. Madlwmtt^CklMW. KUL 

Morgan's Exposition, Abduction and 
MiTRDEK, AND Oatus OF 83 riOPiBS. Composed of 
••Freemasonry Exposed," by Capt. Wm. Morgan' 
"History of the Abduction and Murder of Morgan;" 
"Valance's Confession of the Murder of Capt. W n. 
Morgan;" Bernard's Remiiilscences of Morgsi 
Times, "Knd Oaths and Penalties of 8S Dt^rees ' 

In the Coils; or, the Comlngf ^Cot^Jjt. 

By "A Fanatic." A historical sketch, by a Lnlted 
Presbyterian minister, vividly portraying the work- 
ings ol Secrelism in the various rolaiionsof every- 
day life, and showing how individual domeatlc, 
social, religious, iirofessional and public life are 
trammeled and biased by the baneful workings of 
the lodge. Being presented in the form of a story, 
this volume will interest both old and vonng, and 
the moral of the storv will not have to be eearcned 
for. $1.50 each; $151 JO per dozen. 

Light on Freemasonry. By Eider u. 
Bernurd. To which \» iippcndcd ".\ Revelation of 
the Mysteries of Oddtcllowship (old work,) by a 
Member of the Graft." The whole containing ove.- 
five hundred pages, lately revised and republished. 
In cloth, Sl.-W each; per dozen, 814..'iO. The first 
part of the above work, Llghton Freemasonry, 418 
pages, 75 cents each ; per dozen $7.50. 

Secret Societies, Ancient and Modem. 

A bock of great Interest to officers of the army anJ 
navy, the bench and the clergy. Tablk of Con- 
TBNT8- Tbe Antiquity of Secret Societies, The Life 
of Julian, The Eleaslnlan Mysteries, The Origin of 
Masonry, Was Washington aMason? Fillmore and 
Webster's Deference to Masonry, .- 3rlef Outline of 
the Progress of Masons in the United States, The 
lammany Ring. Masonic Benevolence, the Uses of 
Masonry, AJri Illustration, The Conclna'on CO cents 
each ; per dozen, $4. 7S. 

General 'Waslilngrton Opposed to Se- 

CEKT SociBTiBS. Thls Is a republication of Gover 
nor .Joseph Ritner's " Vindication of General 
Washington from the Stigma of Adherence io 
Secret Societlen," communicated to the House of 
Representatives of Pennsylvania. March 8th, 1837. 
at their special request. To this is added the fact 
that three high Masons were the only persons who 
opposed a vote of thanks to Washington on his re- 
tirement to private life— undoubtedly because they 
considered him a seceding Freemason. 10 cenu 
each ; per dozen, 76 cents. 

Q-rand Xiodgre Masonry. Its relation to 
civil government and the Christian religion. By 
Prest. J. Blanchard, at the Monmouth Convention. 
The un-Chrliitlan, antl-republlcan and despotic 
character of Freemasonry Is proved from the hfgn- 
est Masonic authorities. 5 cents each; per dozen. 
50 cents. 

The Master's Carpet, or Masonry ana Baal 
vPorship Identical, explains the true source and 
meaning of every ceremony and symbol of the 
lodge, and proves that Modern Masonry is identi- 
cal with the "Ancient Mysteries " of Paganism. 
Bound in flne cloth, 420 pp 75ct8. 

Masonry a Work of Darkness, adverse 
to Christianity, and Inimical to republican govern- 
ment. By Rev. Lebbeus Armstrong (Presbyterian), 
a seceding Mason of 21 degrees. This Is a very 
telling work and no honest man who reads It wIU 
think of Joining tbe lodge. 16 cents each; per 
dozen, $1.25. 

Freemasonry Self-Condemned. By KeT 
J. W. Bain. A careful and logical stat :ment ot 
reasons why secret orders should not be fellowehlpeii 
jy the Christian Church, and by the United Presby- 
terian church in particular. Paper covers: price, 
20 cents each; per dozen, $2.00. 

Adoptive Masonry Illustrated. A fnli 

and complete Illustrated ritual of the five degrees 
of Female Free Masonry, by Thomas Lowe; com- 
prising the degree of Jephtha's Daughter, Ruth, 
Esther, Martha and Electa, and known as the 
Daughter's Degree, Widow's Degree, Wife's De- 
gree, Sister's Degree and the Benevolent Degree. 
20 cents each; per dozen, $1.76. 

Stearns' Inquiry Into the Nature and 

Tkndkncy of Frkemasonkv. With an Appendix 
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containing remarks on various points In the charac- 
ter of Masonry, and a Dialogue on the necessity of 
exposing the lodge. 838 pages: cloth, 60 cents each 
per dozen. $5.00. Paper covers, 40 cents each; pe, 
dozen, $4.00. 

The £roken Seal: or Personal Reminiscence* 
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By Samuel D Greene. One of the most interesting 
books ever published. In cloth, 76 cents , per dozen. 
$7 60, Pace^ covers. 40 cents ; per dofen, $3. 60 

Exposition of the Granere. Edited by Re^ 

.V. \V Oeeslin. illustrated with engravinge, show- 
in>; lodge-room, signs, signals, etc 26 cents each : 
uer dozen, $2.00. 

Qood Templarlsm Illustiatad. A fnll ant 
accurate exposition of the detTees of the Lodge, 
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signs, grips, etc 25 cents each ; per dosen, $'.'.00 

Oaths and Penalties of the 33 I>e. 

aRBES OK '"BF.KMASONKV. To get thcso thirty-three 
degrees », Masonic bondage, the candidate takes 
balf-a-mlUlon horrible Okths. II cents each; pel 
toacn. $1.00. 

Remlnisconces of Morfran Times. '} 

Elder David Bernard, autnorof Bernanl's Light oa 
Masonry This Is i: thrilling narrative of the Inci 
dnnts connected with Bernard's Revcladon of Free 
uiasonry 10 cepls c&ch, per dozen. tl.WX 

Freemasonry Contrary to the Ohris- 
TIA.N Uklioion. a clear, culling argument agalnsv 
the loJge, from a Christian standpoint 6 cents 
flach; per dozen. 50 cents. 

Bernard's Appendix to Ziiffht on ULw 

eoNRV. Showing the character of the ln8titullo'\ 
by Us terrible oaths and penalties. Paper covcrsi 
if) cents each; pi>r dozen, IS.OO. 

Secret Societies. A discussion of their chA - 
Bci.-r and cia ni.-., ;.y Rev David MoDlll. Prest. J. 
Kliinchard end licv Kdward Bcecher. larlMfc, 
t5o.perd<Ml. tS.K. Paper cover. 16c. Pcrdoi. tUK 

Prof. J. O. Carson, D. D., on Secret 

SociBriKs. A nioHt coiivlnrlng Hrguiiient against 
fellowshlping Fn-euiosons In the Christian church. 
10 cents each ; per doien, 76 cents- 
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AND (.'oi.i.EiiK Secuet SofiKTiKS. Composed o! 
the two pauiphU'ts combined in this title, Inmna 
U)gether in Cloth. $l.i«l each ; per dozen, $!•.(«. 

National Christian Association. 

Narratives and Arguments, showinc loa 
conflict of secret societies with the Constltauon 
a',.d laws of the Union and of thi States. Bf 
Francis Semple The fact that sec societies in- 
terfere with the execution and pervert the sdjnmu> 
tratlon of law Is here clearly proved. 15 cents eacoi 
Der dozen, $1.26. 

History Mat'l Cbiistian Association. 

Its origin, objects, what It has done and alms to dc, 
and the heft means to acco.Tipllsh the end sought, 
the Articles of Incorporation, Constitution and hy 
••ws of the Association. eSc. each , per doz. $1.6Qh. 

Ritvials and Secrets Illustrated, com- 
posed of "Tpmple of Honor Illii-<trat>'d, " "Adop- 
tive Masonry 111 UBtiat<'d," "L'niti'd .Sons of In- 
dustrv Illustrated," and "Secret Societies lUne- 
trated." $1.00 each ; per dozen, $9.00. 


Revised Odd-fellowship Illustrated. 

The cornplttc revised ritual of the Lodge, Kncsmp- 
mint and Rcbckah (ladles') degrees, profusely Illus- 
trated, and guaranteed to be strictly accurate; with 
a sketch of the origin, history and character of tbe 
order, over one hundred foot-note quotations from 
standard authorities, showing the character and 
teachings of the order, end an analysis of each de- 
gree by President J. Blanchard. This ritual cor- 
responds exactly with the "Charge Books" fur- 
nished by the Sovereign Grand Lodge. In cloth, 
$1.00; per dozen, $8.00. Paper CO ver, 60 cenM ; per 
dozen, $4.00. 

Odd-fellowship Judged by lu Own Utter- 
ances; Its Doctrine and Practice Examined In ths 
Light of God's Word. By Rev. J. H. Brocknisn. 
This Is an exceedingly Interesting, clear discussion 
of the character of Odd-fellowship, In the form of a 
dialogue. In cloth, 50 cents; per dozen, $4.00. 
Paper covers, 26 cents; per dozen, $2.00. German 
edition, entitled "Christian and Ernst," paper covers, 
50 cents each. Tbe German edition Is published by 
the author. 

Sermon on Odd-fellowship and Other Se- 
cret Societies, by Rev. J. Sarver, potior Bvanfifl- 
ic/il Lutheran church, Leechburg, Pa. This Is a 
very clear argument against secretism of all forms 
and the duty to disfellowship Odd-fellows, Freema- 
sons, Knights of Pythias and Grangers Is clearly 
shown bj their confessed character as found In 
their own pnbllcatloni 10 csnts each; per dosen. 
"t cents 

Other Secret Society Rituals, 

Temple of Honor Illustrated. A fnll and 
complete illustrated ritual of "The Templars oi 
Honor and Temperance," commonly c&Ded the 
Temple of Honor, a historical sketch of the order, 
and an analysis of its character. A complete ex- 
position of the Subordinate Temple, and the de- 
grees of Love, Puritv and Fidelity, by a Templar 
of Fidelity and Past Worthy Chlsf Templar. 25 
cents each ; per dozen $2.00. 

Knights of Pythias Illustrated. By. 
Past Chancellor. A full Illustrated exposition of the 
three ranks of the order, with the addition of ths 
"Amended, Perfected and Amplified Third Rank." 
The lodge-room, signs, countersigns, grips, etc., 
are shown by engravings. 26 cents each ; per dozen, 

Sermon on Secret Societies. By Rer. 

Daniel Dow, Woodstock, Conn. The special o % 
of this sermon Is to show the r'ght and duly ti 
Christians to examine Into the character of secret 
societies, no matter what object such societies pro- 
fess to have, t cents each; per dozen, 60 cents. 

History of the Abduction and Murder 

OF Capt. Wm Morgan As prepared by seven com- 
mittees or citizens, appointed to ascertain the fate 
of Morgan. This book contains Indisputable, legai 
evidence that Freemasons abducted and murdered 
Wm. M^r^an, for no other otTense than the revela- 
tion of Masonry. It contains the sworn testimony 
at over twenty persons. Including Morgan's wDet 
and no candid person, after reading this book, csa 
doubt that many of the most respectable Freema- 
sons In the Empire State were concerned In this 
etrlme. 25 cents eaoh; per dozen, $S. 08. 

gudg'e Whitney's Defense before the 

Grazed LoDOE of iLLi.NOis. Judge Daniel H Whit 
ney WIS Master of the lodge when S L Eelth, ■ 
member of his lodge, murdered Ellen Slade. .'udjge 
Whitney, by attempting to bring Keith to Justice, 
brought on himself the vengeance ,.f the lodge bat 
he boldly replied to the charges against bim and 
afterwards renounced Masonry. 16 cents each; per 
dozen, $1.26. 

A Masonic Conspiracy, Resulting In • 
fraudulent divorce, and various other oatragee 
upon the rights of a defenseless woman. Also (be 
account of a -Masonic murder, by two eye-witnesses. 
By Mrs. Louisa Walters. This Is a thrllUngly Inter- 
esting, troe iiarraUT« 80 geotaascb- perdoae^ 

Prest. H. H. Oeor^e on Secret Societies. 

.^ powerful address, showing clearly the duty of 
Christian churches to disfellowship secrc' societies 
10 cents each ; per dozen. 76 cents. 

DiscussicA on Secret Societies. Vi 

Elder M S Xewcouier and Eider IJ. W, Wilson, • 
Unyal Arch Mason. This dl.-iciisslon was first pub 
llshrd In a series of articles In the Church Advoeot , 
26 cents each; per doi $3.00. 

Preemasonry a Fourfold Conspiracy. 

Address i)( Press. .1. Klauchard. iH'forvthe PIttshargh 
Convention. This Is a most convincing argument 
against the lodge. 5 cents each; per dozen, 60 cents 

Holden With Cords. o» Tni Powm o; 

Tn« Skcrkt EMpiRr. \ faithful rcpre»< niailon !n 
story of the evil iHilucnoo of Krrcinasonry. by K. 
K. Flaoo, Author of "Little People," '"A Sunny 
Life," Etc. This ;s n thrllllnBly 'nterestlngsiory ac- 
curately true to life Ix-oause, mainly a narration of 
historical facts. In cloth $1.00: paper 60 cents, .la 

Secrecy vs. the Family, State and 

C'liRcn. By Rev. M. S. Drury. "The antagonism 
of organlzetl secrecy to the welfare of the family, 

slate and chun-h Is clea»'- "* ^ 'Q cents each: 

per dozen, 75 tents. 

Sermon on Masonry. I'.v Rev. / r>ay 
Rrowiilci'. In n-ply to a .Mamiiiic Oration bj Rev. 
Dr. Mayer, WcUsvillc, Dhlo. .\n able Sermon by 
ui able man. 5 cents each ; per dozen 60 cents. 

Sermon on Secretism, by Rev. R. Theo. 
Cniss. pastor ii>iiunic«llon«l Church, Hamilton, N. 
Y. This Is n very clear array of the objections t» 
Masoury that arc apparent to all. 6 cents eoohi Wk 
doien. CO cents 

Freemasonrr at a Qlanoe Hloatntas srery 
sign, grip snd csrvmony of the first thiM dsg m s, 
Patiar ernwi. V »w«s ■(B«te eopy, its OMb. 

National Christian Association. 



October'6, 188 7 

NFws OF The "Week 


C T Yerkes has practically completed 
the purchase of the West Division Rail- 
roads for the Philadelphia syndicate, and 
the deeds were signed Saturday. They 
purchased the North Side lines a year ago. 

Francis Murphy addressed Gospel tem- 
perance workers at the Madison Street 
Theater Friday night. Some Prohibi- 
tionists present asked some pointed ques- 
tions which disturbed the meeting. 

On Saturday Sept. 24 five courts, ex- 
clusively occupied with divorce cases, 
were working simultaneously, and over 
100 default cases alone — said to be the 
largest number on record for one day — 
were disposed of. 


In the Georgia Legislature the Senate 
substitute for the Glenn educational bill 
was killed Wednesday in the House, 
which b')dy adopted a resolution that the 
$8 000 annual appropriation to the At- 
lanta University be withheld unless that 
institution shall forever cease co-educa- 
tion of the races. 

Latest returns indicate that the major- 
ity against prohibition in Tennessee will 
be between 12 000 and 15 000. The vote 
exceeds that cast at the last Gubernatorial 

The Grand Jury at Logansport, Ind., is 
investigating the playing of base ball 
Sundays. The law has been evaded by 
the management giving free admission, 
but charging for score cards. 

In the case of John Lemley and the 
Golden Censer Religious Newspaper 
Company at R^ckford, III, Judge Brown 
granted an injunction restraining Lem- 
ley 's trustee from selling the property. 

The strike in the woolen mills at Louis- 
ville, inaugurated two months ago, has 
proved a failure, and the weavers are re- 
turning to work at employers' terms. It 
is said to be a severe defeat for the 
Knights of Labor. 

Articles were filed Tuesday at Harris- 
burg, Pa., consolidating the New York, 
Chicago and St. Louis and the Fort 
Wayne and Illinois Railways, the new 
corporation to be known as the New 
York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad 
Company. Daniel W Caldwell is Presi- 
dent, and the capital stock is $30,000,000. 

Knapp, Stout & Co., of Menomonie, 
Wis , of which Capt. William Wilson is 
a member, Tuesday, sold their sawmills, 
pine lands, and lumber interests along 
the Red Cedar River to the Mississippi 
Logging Co. for $6,700,000. 

At Lake Mohawk, N. Y., Wednesday, 
the friends of the Indians opened their 
annual conference General Clinton B. 
Pisk was chosen President for the fifth 
consecutive year. 

Three children of Mr. and Mrs. Frank 
Hood, of Muskegon, Mich., were left 
alone in the house Tuesday night. When 
the parents returned they found their 
babes burned to death and their home in 

The failure is announced of the Enter- 
prise Brewing Company, of "Philadelphia, 
with $350,000 asseU and $203,000 liabili- 
ties. The Brewers' Association is charged 
with causing the disaster by organizing 
against the company. 

The fall of a derrick at a St. Louis 
brewery caused six men to fall sixty feet. 
One was killed, a second fatally injured, 
and the other four were seriously injured. 

The Illinois Protective Association, 
representing the saloon interest, held its 
eighth annual convention Tuesday at 
Ruck Island. Bloomington was chosen 
as the next place of meeting, and Charles 
A. Wacker, of Chicago, was re elected 
president, and B. F Maloney, of Chicago, 
secretary. The address of the President 
cautioned the society not to be over con- 
fident touching the passage of a prohib- 
itory law by the Legislature. 

The vendetta in Bell County, Ky. , has 
resulted in another death. Howard Mon- 
roe was sitting a room with Miss Edith 
Turner, when two shots were fired through 
a window, both entering the young man's 
body, and killing him instantly. He was 
opposed to the faction headed by Jack 
Turner, the detperado, recently killed. 
The young ladj was Turnfr's daughter, 
and it is alleged she lured Monroe to his 

Excitement prevails in Central Dakota 
over the recent Land Department order 

touching withdrawal of lands granted to 
railroads in the ten mile indemnity limit. 
Big farmers, quarter section purchasers, 
and even "squatters" are affected, and it 
is feared that bloodshed may result if the 
order is enforced. 

The New York State Democratic Con- 
vention Wednesday nominated Frederick 
Cook for Secretary of State, Lawrence J. 
Fitzgerald for State Treasurer, Charles 
E Tabor for Attorney General, and Ed- 
ward Wemple for Comptroller. The res- 
olutions demand that Federal taxation 
be reduced $100,000 000 a year, and that 
hundreds of articles be placed on the free 
list. They oppose sumptuary laws. 

Work was commenced Friday on the 
record of the anarchists' case by the clerk 
of the Illinois Supreme Court, pursuant 
to an order of counsel for the convicted 

Fred Munchrath, Jr., found guilty two 
weeks ago at Sioux City, Iowa, on an 
indictment for the murder of Rev. George 
Haddock, was sentenced Friday to four 
years in the penitentiary. Pending an 
appeal to the Supreme Court, he was re- 
leased on $7,000 bonds. 

Burglars entered the Farmers' Bank at 
New Castle, Del., Thursday nigh^, and 
meeting William J. Black, United States 
Consul at Nuremburg, who was visiting 
the cashier of the bank, Richard G. 
Cooper, bound and gagged him. Mr. 
Cooper next appeared, when one of the 
robbers covered him with a revolver, at 
the same time commanding him to keep 
silent. Cooper at once fired, wounding 
the burglar, who returned the shot, but it 
was aimed badly. The robbers hastily 
retired, carrying off their wounded com- 
rade, but left behind a kit of tools, a 
ladder and a wheelbarrow. 

The steamer T. B. Sims, with a cargo 
of cotton, flour, and meal, burned Thurs- 
day night on the Mississippi, sixteen 
miles above Memphis. A young white 
man and a negro roustabout perished in 
the flames. 

Near Jackson, Tenn., Tuesday morning 
all the cars of a Mobile and Ohio passen- 
ger train ran off a trestle forty feet high, 
the engine alone remaining on the track. 
Over thirty persons were wounded, two 
or three of whom may not recover. 


Berlin dispatches announce a coming 
conference between Prince Bismarck and 
Signer Crispi, the Italian Prime Minister. 
The interview is regarded of supreme im- 
portance. It has especial reference to a 
renewal of the military convention be- 
tween Italy, Austria and Germany. The 
alliance of the central powers with Italy 
on general policy was renewed for five 
years, but the military convention, for 
offensive and defensive purposes, covered 
only six months, from March last to Sep- 
tember. Another question of special in- 
terest to the Italian Govprnment will be 
the negotiations with the Vatican on the 
terms of a reconciliation. The interviews 
are diplomatic successes of Prince Bis- 
marck, and must gall the French and 
Russian government. 

The socialists and anarchists of London 
are arranging to hold a mass meeting to 
protest against the execution of the con- 
demned anarchists in Chicago. 

A dense smoke from forest fires envel- 
opes the cities of Quebec, Montreal, Ot- 
tawa, Pembroke, and other towns in 
Canada Navigation is suspended be- 
tween Quebec and Montreal. The losses 
in the Ottawa district are figured at 


500 Agents. 


Write for Special Terms to 

W. I. Phillips, Publisher Cynosure. 
221 W. Madison St., Chicago, 111. 


The sketch of JAMES Q. BIRNEY, 
candidate of the Liberty Party for Presi- 
dent, in pamohlet for 25 cents. A limit- 
ed number of copies of this handsome 
pamphlet for lale at the N. 0. A. office 


Absolutely Pure. 

This powder never varies. A marvel of purity, 
strength and wholesomencss. More economical than 
the ordinary kinds, and cannot he sold In competi- 
tion with the multitude of low test, short weight, 
alum or phosphate powder". Sold onlyln cans. 

Royal Baking Powdkk Co., 106 Wall-st., N. T. 






For sale by all dealers. Man- 
ufactured by 

Manhattan Brass Co., 

1st Ave., 27th to 28th Sts., 


T/ie largest manufactu- 
rers of students lamps 
in the ivorld. 

Illustrated explanatory cir- 
culars supplied by the 
makers or dealers generally 


The list of Books and Tracts for sale by the Natio:*- 
AL Christian Association. Look It over carefully 
»nd see If there Is not something you want for your- 
self or for youi friend. Send fo' •'"'' -n.t»>»<^». u 

^' -TJ (f /.tn'^Oi'^;!;!' ^I^^T^P^ ■^■W>'Q/^f^ 

[ooMFouND Oxygen 

Cures Lung, Nbrvous and Chronic Dis- 
eases. Ofllce and Home Treatment by A. H. 
HIATT, M. I)., Central Music hall, Chicago. 


Information, pamphlet, etc., mailed free. 

Mention Cynosure. 

.^TWATER'S Newspaper File is tbe ftiTOrite for 
Reading Rooms, Hotels, Libraries, Offices, &0. 
Lightest, Neatest, Cheapest. Sample postpaid 25o 
Circulars free. J. H. Atwater, Prortdence, B. I 


Morphine Habit Cured in 10 
to 20 days. No pay till cured. 
Dr. J. Stephens, liebanon, O. 


Wheaton, Illinois. 

Full College Courses. Twelve Professors 
and Teachers. Over Two Hundred Students 
last year. Send stamp lor catalogue. 



116 and 118 Dear- 
born St., Cliicago, lU. 

Red Clover Blos- 

and Fluid and Solid Ex- 
tracts of the Blossoms The 


known. Cures ' ancer. Ca- 
tarrh, Salt Rheum, Rheu- 

_ matlsm, Dyspepsia, Sick 

Headache, Constipation, hiles, whooping Cough, and 
all Blood Diseases. Send for circular. Mention 
the "Cynosure." 

Baccalaureate Sermon, 


Is the religious, as the Washington speech was 
the political, basis of the anti-secret reform. 
Several hundred, in pamphlet, can be had at 
two cents |one postage stamp J each, or ten for 
ten cents in stamps. Please order soon, fo* 
Colleges, Seminaries, and High Scbools. 







Coutalnlugthe signs, grips, passwords, emblems, etc. 
»f Freemasonry (Blue Lodge and to the fourteenth de- 
gree of the York rite). Adoptive Masonry, Revised 
Odd-fellowship, Good Templarism, the Temple of 
Honor, the United Sons of Industry, Knights of Pyth- 
ias p.nd the Grange, with affidavits, etc. Over230cut8, 
99 pages, paper cover. Price, 2S cents ; ?2.00 perdozen. 

For sale by the National Christian Associa- 
tion, %\ Head-quarters for Anti-S« .«oy 

EST-A.BIjISHE£) 1868. 


The C riVOiSZZ/J^ represents the Christian movement against 
the Secret Lodge System ; discusses fairly and fearlessly the 
various movements of the lodge as they appear to public view, 
and reveals the secret machinery of corruption in politics, 
courts, and social and religious circles. 

There are in the United States 

Some 200 different Lodges, 
With 2,000 000 members. 
Costing $20,000 000 yearly. 

This mighty world power confronts the church and seeks to 
rule and ruin every Christian Reform. 

No Christian Reform Movement of tlie day is so necessary, 
yet so unpopular aod beset with difficulties, as that which would 
remove tbe dark pall of oaths, dark-lantern meetings, secret 
siens, mysterious and pagan worship about altars condemned 
by the v^ ord of the Living God. 

No other paper gives the best of Its correspondence and edi- 
torial strength to this vitally important reform. The C 7JV0- 
S URE should be your paper in addition to any other you may 

Because it is the representative of the reform against the 
Lodge, with ablest arguments, biographical and historical sketch- 
es, letters from lecturers, seceders and sufiEerers from lodge per- 
secution. The ablest writtrs on this subject from all denomina- 
tions and all parts of the country coEtrli ute. Special depart- 
ments for letters from rur metropolitan centers, on the relation 
of secret orders to current events. 

The CYNOSURE began Us twentieth volume September 22, 
1887. with features of special and popular interest. 

TERMS: $3 CO per year; strictly in advance, $L50. Special 
terms to clubs. Send for sample copy. 


2'il West Madison Street, Chicago. 

To be Issued before January 1st. 1888. 

Scotcli Rite Masonry Illustrated. 

The Complete Illustrated Ritual of all the Degrees of the Scotch Rite, including 
the 83d and last Degree, and an Historical sketch of the Order The first three De- 
grees, as published in "FR&EMAbONRT ILLUaTRATUD," termed the Blue 
Lodge Degrees, are common to all the Rites, so the Scotch Rite Exclusively covers 
30 Degrees (4'h to 33d inclusive. "Freemasonry Illustrated" and "Knight 
Templarism Illustrated" include the entire "York Rite*' or "American Ritb" 
Degrees. The York and Scotch Rites are the leading Masonic Rites, and the Scotch 
or Scottish Rite is conceded to be the Ruling Masonic Rite of the world. The com- 
plete Illustrated Ritual of the Scotch Rite, Bound in Two Volumes, Cloth @ $1 00 
per Vol., Paper Cover @ 50 cts. per Vol , postpaid One half dozen or more Sets, 
either cloth or paper covered, or part each at 25 per cent discount and sent postpaid. 

221 West Madison Street, Chicago, DI. 

Christian Cynosure. 

'la BSOBBT HAVB 1 SAID NOTHING."— Jenu Ohritt. 

Vol. XX.. No. 4. 


Wholi No. 911. 



£S1 Wett Maditon Street, Chicago. 

J. P. STODDARD, „ Gbnbbal Agbot 


Subscription pek ybab $2,00 

Ip paid 8TKICTLT IN ASVANCB $1.50 

show that 25,220 members of the G. A. R. left it 
last year aside from the 3,400 deaths. This defec- 
tion is hopeful since it is nearly one-third of the 
new members received (72,000), and the past year 
has been one of unusual activity in the order. 

g^'No paper disconHnued unless so requested by the 
tubsoriber, and all atrearages paid 

Address all letters for publication to Editor Ohnstian 
Cynosure, Chicago. Writers' names must always be 
given. No manuscript returned unless requested and 
postage enclosed. 

Address all busmess letters and make all drafts and 
money orders payable to "W. I. Phillips, Trbab., 221 
West Madison Street, Chicago. When possible make re- 
mittances by express mf)ney order. Currency by unregis- 
tered letter at sender's risk. When writing to change 
address always give the former address. 

Entered at the Po«t-ofiice at Chlcatco, 111., as Second Class matter.] 


Editorial : 

Notes and Comments 1 

The American Board 8 

The Indians 8 

Personal Notes 8 

Contributions : 
Religious Activity In Brlt- 

• ain 1 

Organized and Pledged 

Secrecy Wrong 2 

DoesFreemasonry Propose 

to Save Men? 2 

Auricular Confeselon.... 3 
Sklectbd : 

Stride (Poetry) 3 

The Bald Knobbers 3 

The Knglish only In Indi- 
an Schools 9 

Rbfobm News: 
The Wisconsin Meeting; 
From thcGeneral Agent; 
The Minnesota Conven- 
tion; Gird up, Ohio; Up 
and Down in Alabama. 4,5 


Washington's Old Head- 
quarters; Memphis Let- 
ter; After many Days; 
A Glorious Camp Meet- 
ing 5,6 

Bible Lbsson 6 

Washington Letter. 9 

The Home 10 

Temperance 11 

Thb N.C. A 7 

Church vs. Lodge 7 

Ohio Financial Report 7 

Lecture List 7 

Notices 12 

Religious Nbws 12 

Literature 12 

Lodge Notes 13 

Donations 13 

Farm Notes 15 

Home AND Health 14 

News of thb Wbbk 16 

Business 13 

Markets 13 

The total vote for prohibition in Tennessee will 
probably reach 125,000, the opposition reaching 
140,000 — much the largest vote ever polled in the 
State. The official count may slightly change these 
figures. In Texas also an immense vote was polled. 
The total figure is 351,207, 129,273 for, and 221,- 
934 against the amendment. Add to the above pro- 
hibitory vote Michigan's 178,000, and we have a 
grand total of 432,000 voters in the three States 
who have declared for the absolute and perpetual 
prohibition of the liquor traffic. Ohio's vote a few 
years ago would put the figure well up toward 800,- 
000. Oregon will decide the question in a few days, 
and though the result in three States this year will 
be a discouragement, let us hope for a triumph for 
the right. The work in Ohio has seemed to be 
checked by the failure of the amendment campaign. 
Let the States which have just voted learn a lesson, 
and never slacken their effort. In two years with de- 
termination and energy prohibition may again be 
taken up and grandly prevail in every one. 

Some months ago, in some notice of the profit- 
sharing system and its success in this country and 
Europe, it was noticed that the firm of Proctor & 
Gamble of Cincinnati, extensive manufacturers of 
fioap and perfumery, had just adopted the plan. Last 
Thursday the firm paid its first semi-annual share of 
profits. It was a great day for the more than 200 
employes. They received a 13^ per cent dividend 
of some $13,200. But they are probably not better 
pleased with the result than the firm itself. 

The progress of President Cleveland from Wash- 
ington to St. Paul has been an ovation of which a 
man of nobler record in private life and for great 
public services might well be proud. Were it not 
for a few leaders in the G. A. R., who have a repu- 
tation to maintain as political partisans, we should 
hardly know that there were Republicans or Demo- 
crats in the great crowds that have everywhere 
greeted the President's train. St. Louis may have 
surpassed in enthusiasm, but few cities in the world 
could have turned out upon their streets so many 
hundred thousand people as welcomed Mr. Cleve- 
land in Chicago. The young mistress of the White 
House has everywhere been the chief attraction, 
though the crowd has several times been disappoint- 
ed by the good sense which kept her off the streets. 
The President has undertaken a large task in this 
trip, and his views of the nation which has chosen 
him to high office should be dignified and enlarged 
by his contact with its people. 

John B. Finch, chairman of the National Prohibi- 
tion Committee, and head of the Good Templar 
lodges, died suddenly from heart disease last week 
Monday in Boston. He was accounted by his 
friends among the ablest speakers for prohibition, 
and was constantly engaged, his income from this 
source alone amounting to some $7,000 yearly. His 
body was brought to Evanston near this city and 
buried last Sabbath with Good Templar ceremonies. 
The meeting of the National Committee on the 30th 
of November next will have a new interest from this 
unexpected stroke of God, and should, along with 
the conference of the day following, be a constant 
subject of prayer, that heaven may overrule in the 
appointment of a successor, and rescue the reform 
now thrust into foremost place from the control of 
unholy and despotic methods of the lodge. 

Conventions, clubs and bar associations of all 
parties in Chicago have one voice in asking for the 
re-election of Judge Joseph E. Gary, who presided 
last year in the trial of the anarchists. The Knights 
of Labor and other workmen's lodges have spok- 
en only indirectly; but they are unanimous in de- 
nouncing the trial as unfair whether under Judge 
Gary or the Supreme Court. After this assumption 
of superior intelligence in the law, and of stricter 
integrity in their principles of justice, they will nave 
in the future as in the past only condemnation for 
the just judge who presided so ably in the most re- 
nowned trial the world has for a long time known. 
The unanimous wish of all other classes for his re- 
election indicates sufficiently where the line should 
be drawn between the anarchists and their sympa- 

The election of Rev. Edward Anderson as chap- 
lain of the Grand Army of the Republic at St. 
Louis does not suggest that the power of secret- 
ism is waning in the order. Anderson is a high 
Mason who, a few years ago, as pastor of a Congre- 
gational church in Quincy, preached in favor of this 
lodge and also attempted a halting eulogy of its 
three-ruflian theology in the State Congregational 
Association meeting at Princeton. The reports 

The Knights of Labor Convention in St. Paul last 
week excluded Joseph R. Buchanan, editor of the 
Labor Enquirer of this city. The reason given to 
the public was that he belonged to an assembly of 
the order which had not paid its dues. This is prob- 
ably a reason for convenience. Buchanan has been 
one of the most determined abettors of the con- 
demned anarchists. When in Denver a year or so 
ago it was said of him by the press there: "Bu- 
chanan is one of the worst enemies the laboring 
men of the West have ever known. His bad ad- 
vice and selfish greed have cost the Knights of La- 
bor of this State upwards of a million dollars in lost 
wages. He has openly advocated the use of dyna- 
mite as an agent for the coercion or destruction of 
capital, and of late he has in person and in his paper 
preached the disastrous doctrine of anarchy. There 
is no perceptible difference between him and such 
evil advisers and professional workingmen as Most, 
Spies, Fielden, Parsons and Schwab." 

The Rock River Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal church includes the northern part of Illi- 
nois, and is always an important meeting. Last 
year the Conference, after some struggle, acJopted a 
prohibitory resolution on the liquor question. The 
reporj of the committee on temperance this year 
shows a cheering progress, and a resolution was 
even adopted recommending the summission of a 
constitutional amendment to the people. With the 
late experience of Michigan, Texas and Tennessee 
before us let there be no hasty or rash advice fol- 
lowed in this matter. Illinois is not yet Kansas or 
Iowa in respect to the saloon. The conference had 
an animated discussion on the observance of the 
Sabbath, and adopted a resolution, expressing strong 
opposition to the running of Sunday trains and the 
publishing of Sunday newspapers. They are also 
against having Sunday notices published in such 
papers by the pastors and laymen who are Method- 
ists, or advertising in them. 



Dr. Stowe of the Methodist Book Concern, during 
the session of a conference at Des Moines, Iowa, 
made a statement of the financial condition of the 
publishing house and mentioned some of the diffi- 
culties which they had to meet and overcome. One 
of these was the labor lodges. "The printers," said 
he, "have a faculty of raising the price of composi- 
tion occasionally, and when they do get ready to do 
so they simply send a note to the manager stating 
that they have concluded to make a raise on such a 
datc,and hope it will be satisfactory to all concerned. 
No tyranny, no autocrat on the face of the earth, 
holds the grip that the printers' unions do." Dr. 
Stowe and all the Methodist leaders know that the 
printers' union and other secret orders of the same 
class get their inspiration from Freemasonry, and if 
the despotism of one is to 

The various denominations of this country have 
concluded their annual meetings and the prevailing 
feeling is one of hopefulness respecting the future. 
The tabulated results are not all that is desirable, 
but there is a vast amount of quiet, unostentatious, 
untabulated Christian work which is continu- 
ally going on, the extent of which cannot be ex- 
pressed by figures. There is work done in the Sab- 
bath-school,by the temperance and educational insti- 
tutions of the churches, together with a vast number 
of other agencies, which eludes the skill of the stat- 
istician, but which is of an important and enduring 
character. The results of true work must be weighed 
as well as counted before a correct estimate can be 
made. No religious organization can be said to 
have failed in the great purpose of its existence, if 
by means of its varied agencies it has intensified the 
faith, deepenetl the character and won human souls 
to a higher life. 

One source of perplexity in this country is seen 
in the working of the home agencies, which are so 
numerous that they crowd upon the heels of each 
other and can hardly be sustained without interfer- 
ing with each other's prosperity, and so fostering a 
spirit of proselytism. This is to be deplored, but 
cannot be helped till a closer bond of union exists 
between the different governing bodies. This evil 
has been repeatedly pointed out and lamented. We 
hope that steps will speedily be taken to remedy this 
state of things. 

In foreign missions, where the agents have room 
for freedom of action, the work has been wonderful- 
ly successful, and the tabulated results are of a most 
encouraging kind. 

Conventions are now being held for the purpose 
of making arrangements for the winter's work of 
the churches, and for the promotion of a fuller con- 
secration to Gotl's service. Prayer is being offered 
that the spirit of wisdom and of hallowed enthusi- 
asm may rest upon the promoters and upon the 
bands of workers who shall engage in the contlicts 
of winning men from the degradation of sin to as- 

be broken up the Meth- 
odist churches must begin to cleanse their altars of I pirations after purity and nobility of life, 
the other. Huddertfield, England, Sept., 1S87. 



October 13 1887 





I Delivered at the State Association at Milton, Wisi, Sept. 28, 
18S7, and published by request.) 

God has endowed man with a capacity for keep- 
ing what he knows a secret within his own breast; 
and some things that we learn are better kept se- 
cret. We ought to exercise our reason and our con- 
science before we speak that we may tell only what 
will be for the good of others. 

But to single out this faculty of concealing any 
part of our knowledge, and to cultivate it specially, 
is of dangerous tendency, just as it is to single out 
the principle of economy and cultivate that until it 
develops into the character of the miser; or that of 
self-protection until it transforms a man into a war- 
like savage. We need rather to cultivate openness, 
candor and honesty. 

Cultivated secrecy gives the advantage to the 
worse elements of our natures. Organized secrecy 
gives the advantage to the worse class of men, and 
is inconsistent with the Christian duty of "walking 
in the light." 

Besides, no one has a right to pledge himself to 
keep an unknown secret. Yet the very purpose for 
which, and the principle on which, all secret socie- 
ties are organized, requires that the pledge to keep 
their secrets should be given before the secrets are 

This may be illustrated in respect to the frater- 
nity of Freemasons, by what they publish to the 
world in their own books: 

"Declarations to be assented to by a candidate in an 

adjoining apartment, previous to initiation 

Do you seriously declare, upon your honor, before these 
gentlemen, that you will cbeerfully conform to all the 
ancient established usages and customs of the fraternity? 
I do." — Webb's Monitor. 

John C. W. Bailey's "Dictionary of Freemasonry," 
under the heading of "Affirmation," to prove that 
an affirmation may not be admitted instead of an 
oath "in the workings of the lodge," uses this lan- 

"The Masonic society has no use of persons, who, at 
the very outset, falsify their declaration made in the ante 
roam, 'that they will cheerfully conform to all the an- 
cient established usages and customs of the fraternity.' 
A candidate thus false to his own declarations presents 
no foundation upon which the society can build 'its fu- 
ture moral and Masonic edifices . ' " 

It will be seen that this promise must precede all 
knowledge of the secrets, or even of the character of 
the oath to be taken. How can a conscientious 
person pledge himself to what, for all he knows, 
may be unlawful in itself? So much for Freema- 
sonry in particular. 

But the same principle is found in all secret so- 
cieties. What condemns this principle is that it 
gives the control of one man's conscience into the 
power of another. We are personally accountable 
to God for all that we do. We must, therefore, ex- 
ercise our individual judgment as to the moral char- 
acter of everything we propose to do; and we have 
no right to allow others to judge for us, and blindly 
follow their judgment. Yet, this we do, when we 
promise to keep a secret, of the lawfulness of keep- 
ing which we can have no other proof than what is 
derived from our confidence in the person to whom 
the promise is made. 

This objection is not obviated by the assurance 
usually given in such cases, that, in the obligation 
to be assumed, "there is nothing that will conflict 
with the duties that you owe to your God, your 
country, your neighbor, or yourself." The person 
who gives such assurance presumes to judge for the 
other, as much as if he were to say, in so many 
words: "I know that, as an honest man, you may 
hesitate to assume an obligation whose moral char- 
acter you have no opportunity to examine, but I 
will relieve you of the necessity of exercisiog your 
conscience in this case; I decide for you that the 
obligation you are about to assume is proper." 

This objection holds against all secret societies, 
whether oath-bound or not. We have no light to 
promise to keep a secret which, for all we know, it 
may not be proper to keep, much less to swear to 
keep it. 

It is no justification of such pledges that, in many 
cases, the secrets are found, when divulged, to be 
harmless in themselves, for this cannot be known 
till it is too late. 

Again, the pledge of permanent secrecy debauches 
the conscience, and weakens the moral character. 
This must be evident in ri>gard to the worse class 
of secret societies, where the fraternal feeling that 
grows out of the obligation to protect each other. 

prevents "good men" from exposing the crimes of 
their bad "brothers." 

Not to dwell on the corrupting power of an obli- 
gation which, in many cases, compels a man to lie 
in order to avoid divulging the secrets, the follow- 
ing consideration will show the corrupting tendency 
of all such obligations: a properly trained con- 
science always inquires into the propriety and law- 
fulness of any course before entering on it; and will 
therefore hesitate about taking a pledge in any 
form, the full meaning and force of which is not 
understood at the time; but, if this hesitancy is once 
overcome, the moral character must be just so far 
weakened; and, in place of a good conscience, comes 
a false sense of honor, such as we see in Herod, 
who, "for his oath's sake, and for their sakes who 
sat with him," gave the order for the murder of 
John Baptist. 

The less objectionable secret orders are a part of 
the system; and they are an essential part, to give 
the system efficiency as a power for debauching the 
consciences of men; for many tender consciences 
would be shocked by the obligations of some of the 
worse orders; but those associations which are or- 
ganized for ends that are laudable in themselves, 
and that have only a little more than the name of 
secrecy, simply serve to grade down the evil, and 
make it practicable to draw into the secret methods, 
and hence to secure in the defense of the principle 
of organized secrecy men of such high character as 
could never be reached by the more objectionable 
orders. Thus the edge of the wedge is made very 
thin, but the wedge is there, and it is the same 
wedge in all secret organizations; and the person 
who has relaxed his conscientious scruples so far as 
to enter the least of them, finds himself logically 
bound to defend the whole system. 

Thus conscience is debauched by degrees. If a 
person can only be prevailed on to take the first 
step by entering the least objectionable of the secret 
orders, finding that the secret amounts to nothing, 
he is led to say to himself, "How foolish T was to 
object to pledging myself to keep so harmless a se- 
cret!" He is then prepared to take another step; 
and if, in the second instance, he finds the secret 
not just so harmless as in the first, his conscience is 
much less shocked than it would have been if he had 
taken the second step first. By degrees his con- 
science becomes so lax that he does not hesitate to 
make any promise, or to take any oath, accompa- 
nied by any penalty which the spirit of lodgery may 

It is the natural tendency of the system to in- 
crease the objectionable features at every step. 

We can keep a secret ourselves, but cannot be 
sure that another will. Hence, if we reveal it, we 
want to bind others to keep it. For this reason the 
promise of secrecy is exacted; and, because a prom- 
ise is not strong enough, the next step is to confirm 
it by an oath; and, then, the oath must be fortified 
by a penalty, which must be increased in every new 
degree, as the obligation is supposed to be strong in 
proportion as the penalty is severe. The effect of 
the whole system, beginning as it does with the 
barest promise to keep some trifling secret, and de- 
veloping into an oath-bound order, "protected" by 
terrible penalties, is to familiarize the mind with 
what is horrible, and thus to breed crime, as it af- 
fords the opportunity also to conceal it. Human 
depravity needs no such incentives to criminality, 
and a system that furnishes them ought not to have 
the encouragement that the fellowship of respecta- 
ble men gives to secret societies. 

There is a remarkable analogy between secretism 
in the moral world, and the alcoholic principle in 
the physical. Each has a certain basis in the na- 
ture of things as constituted by the Creator, and yet 
each has some relation to possible evil. Alcohol is 
a natural development of a process in nature, but it 
is connected with decay, and seems intended to ar- 
rest its progress at a certain stage, and prevent its 
going too far, or proceeding too rapidly. So God 
has endowed the human mind with a capacity for 
secrecy, which would seem to be unnecessary except 
in view of possible moral evil, as a means of pre- 
venting it, or of arresting its progress. But this 
principle is perverted when, instead of keeping in 
our own breast things that are calculated to do harm 
if known, we organize a society for the sake of 
keeping things secret under pledge, instead of leav- 
ing every man to his God-given right of conscien- 
tiously deciding for himself what he ought to con- 
ceal, and what he may reveal; just as the alcoholic 
principle in nature is perverted when this substance, 
that the Creator has provided to arrest the progress 
of decay at a certain point, is introduced into the 
stomach so as to cultivate a taste for it, which taste, 
when once acquired, becomes stronger and stronger 
and finally swallows up all natural appetite, and 
becomes the controlling principle in both body and 

mind. So the principle of secrecy, if cultivated, 
becomes stronger and stronger, and instead of being 
a prevention of moral evil, or a means of keeping it 
in check, becomes, on the contrary, a most powerful 
means of promoting and fostering all kinds of evil, 
and an engine of Satan for defending all wicked- 
ness. How strange it is that men who are anxious 
to put down the liquor traffic should be so blind as 
to undertake to do so by fostering a principle that 
is so nearly akin to the evil they wish to abolish! 

The Scripture texts that are relied on to justify 
secrecy will be found, upon examination, to fail en- 
tirely for that purpose when applied to any organ- 
ization based on a pledge of permanent secrecy. 
The usual argument from the "secrets" of the fam- 
ily" is alike unfounded, since the family is not or- 
ganized as a secret society, nor is any pledge neces- 
sary to keeping the secrets of a decent family. 

Christians should remember that Christ says of 
them, "Ye are the light of the world," and of him- 
self, "In secret have I said nothing." And, if 
Christ seemed to tell to his disciples secrets that he 
kept from the world, the effect of this as an argu- 
ment for secrecy on our part is entirely neutralized 
by his direction to them not to keep them as secrets. 
Matt. 10: 27: "What I tell you in darkness, that 
speak ye in light; and what ye hear in the ear, that 
preach ye upon the house-tops." 



Does Masonry, without any Bible, without any 
Christ, propose to save men? If it does, then it is 
a dangerous foe of Christianity. We may begin 
with Sickel's Ahiman Rezon or Freemason's Guide, 
page 71. It says: "Masons are called moral build- 
ers. In their rituals they declare emphatically, that 
a more noble and glorious purpose than squaring 
stones and hewing timbers is their's — fitting immortal • 
nature foj that spiritual building not made with 
hands, eternal in the heavens." 

Then the mission of Masonry seems to be to save 
its votaries. Mackey's Manual of the Lodge, page 
88: "In the investigation of the true meaning of 
every Masonic symbol and allegory, we must be 
governed by the single principle that the whole de- 
sign of Freemasonry as a speculative science is the 
investigation of divine truth. To this great object 
everything is subsidiary. The Mason is, from the 
moment of his initiation as an Entered Apprentice, 
to the time at which he receives the full fruition of 
Masonic light, an investigator — a laborer in the 
quarry and the Temple — whose reward is to be 
Truth, and all the ceremonies and traditions of the 
order tend to this ultimate design." 

Does Masonry claim a regeneration or a new 
birth? On pages 22-24 of Mackey's Masonic Ritu- 
alist, we read of the candidate: "There he stands 
without our portals on the threshold of this new 
Masonic life, in darkness, helplessness, and ignor- 
ance. Having been wandering amid the errors and 
covered over with the pollutions of the outer and 
profane world, he comes inquiringly to our doors, 
seeking the new birth, and asking a withdrawal of 
the vail which conceals divine truth from his unin- 
itiated sight. The world is left behind — the chains 
of error and ignorance which had previously re- 
strained the candidate in moral and intellectual cap- 
tivity are to be broken — the portal of the Temple 
has been thrown widely open, and Masonry stands 
before the neophyte in all the glory of its form and 
beauty, to be fully revealed to him, however, only 
when the new birth has been completely accom- 
plished. The shock of entrance is, then, the symbol 
of the disruption of the candidate from the ties of 
the world, and his introduction into the life of Ma- 
sonry. It is the symbol of the agonies of the first 
death and the throes of the new birth." 

How does Freemasonry propose to do all of that? 
We can see how the atoning power of the Lord Je- 
sus Christ can wash away our sins and bring us into 
favor with God but how does this system save souls? 
Webb's Monitor, page 21: "The Common Gavel is 
an instrument made use of by operative Masons, to 
break ofl[ the corners of rough stones, the better to 
fit them for the builder's use; but we, as free and 
accepted Masons, are taught to make use of it for 
the more noble and glorious purpose of divesting 
our minds and consciences of all the vices and su- 
perfluities of life, thereby fitting our bodies, as liv- 
ing stones, for that spiritual building, that house 
not made with hands, eternal in the heavens." Also 
see Sickel's Ahiman Bczon, page 70; Sickel's Moni- 
tor, pages 34 and 35; Mackey's Ritualist, page 39; 
Manual of the Lodge, page 35; and many other 

The lodge is governed by the gavel, therefore, if 

OoTOBiR 13, 1887 


you obey the behests of Masonry it will land you 
safe in heaven; is that it? Oliver's Signs and Sym- 
bols of Freemasonry, by Dr. Oliver, the great Eng- 
lish writer, page 41 : "But in the third degree, the 
veil is removed; we are admitted into the Holy of 
Holies; we view the cherubim in all their bright- 
ness; and are blessed with a foretaste of heaven, 
through the resurrection of the dead." And again, 
on pages 97 and 98 of Sickel's Lodge Monitor: "We 
now find man complete in morality and intelligence, 
with the stay of religion added to ensure him of the 
protection of Deity; and guard him against ever go- 
ing astray. These three degrees thus form a per- 
fect and harmonious whole; nor can we conceive 
that anything can be suggested more, which the soul 
of man requires." Then on page 16 of Mackey's 
Masonic Lexicon : "Acacian: A term derived from 
'innocence,' and signifying a Mason, who, by living 
in strict obedience to the obligations and precepts 
of the fraternity, is free from sin." 

Does Christianity or the Bible promise any more 
than this system? Thus Freemasonry not only pro- 
poses to save a man from sin and save him com- 
pletely, but it proposes to keep him saved. No 
Christ, no Bible, anything for a god; was there ever 
such a mock at Bible religion or travesty on human 
redemption? Our preacher is a consistent Mason, 
then, when he says he will leave the church before 
he will leave the lodge. 


"John, my son, early this week I gave you spec- 
ial instructions not to bathe in the river, believing 
that you would obey me; but I knew that peculiar 
temptations would urge you to disobey me — such as 
the" natural frailty of humanity, your inclination to 
avail yourself of a healthful and refreshing recrea- 
tion, the persuasions of your playmates, the short- 
ness of your memory, and your hatred of restraint; 
and I have hesitated to ask whether you have been 
able to obey me or not." 

"Your fears,father,were well-founded; but I claim 
exemption from any further consideration of the 
subject. It is a disagreeable one, and I prefer to 
say no more about it." 

"But, John, in disobeying my orders you have 
not only grieved and offended me,but have rendered 
yourself liable to severe punishment. Have you no 
fear of my anger or respect for my authority?" 

"Why should I fear your anger? I certainly re- 
spect you as your child; but with all your sense of 
my wrong-doing, you will be unjust and cruel if 
you punish me, although you have the power to 
do it." 

"John, you astonish me I Fir3t,you disobey a pos- 
itive command, either willfully or thoughtlessly,and 
when I would rebuke you for it, you deny my right 
to investigate your act and your motives for disobed- 
ience, or to punish you. Have you no filial affection, 
no sense of right and wrong, no dread of doing evil, 
no fear of my authority, that you thus defy me?" 

"Father, you mistake my position in this matter. 
I have the utmost respect for you — I honor you at 
all times, in all places, and under all circumstances, 
except in this instance, about which no more need be 

" Well,well ! This is the strangest doctrine I ever 
heard; and I heartily wish that you may satisfacto- 
rily explain your motives and the basis upon which 
your remarkable conduct is founded." 

"I will. Overcome by one or more of the temp- 
tations to which I was exposed, I did bathe in the 
river. My conscience troubled me, for I remem- 
bered your orders after I had broken them. What 
could I do? I knew not where to find you. So I 
went to Billy, the coachman, told him how I had 
disobeyed you, and asked him to forgive me, in 
your name, for my wrong-doing. lie said he did 
forgive me, for you, and demanded twenty-five cents 
for his trouble; so you see, father, there need be 
nothing further said upon the subject. The whole 
affair is settled." 

"Is it, wicked boy? I know it is well to confess 
our faults one to another, but by what authority 
could the coachman absolve you for sinning against 
me? Had you come tome as promptly as you went 
to him, and made your confession in humility and 
penitence, I should, probably, have forgiven you; 
and that would have canceled the wrong so far as 
you and I are concerned. You would have had to 
settle it with your Creator, as you will now, but he, 
too, is merciful to the penitent. You would,in pur- 
suing the course I have outlined, have saved your 
peace of mind, your money, and the whipping you 
are now to receive for disobedience and defying my 
right to correct you. Retire to your room." 

This conversation will serve to illustrate the folly 
and wickedness of auricular confession. "Billy, the 

coachman," occupies too important a place in an af- 
fair with which he has no connection. lie undertakes 
too much. It was easy to say to John, "I absolve 
you,"and take his quarter-dollar, but Billy had noth- 
ing to forgive, either for himself or John's father. 
He had not been wronged. He had no authority to 
forgive the wrong done to the boy's parent. He had 
been guilty, himself, of wronging his master that 
very day, by selling a peck of his oats and retaining 
the money he received. What could he forgive, with 
that sin upon his conscience? In the Catholic 
church both John and Billy might have gone to a 
priest, confessed their respective misdeeds, and for 
a little money have bought pardon and silence. John 
might then have gone again and bathed in the riv- 
er; Billy could have stolen more of his master's 
oats, and both could have gone again to the priest 
for absolution, receiving it on the usual terms. This 
is the regular routine prescribed for the devout Cath- 

This system of auricular confession and absolu- 
tion by a person who has no interest in the misde- 
meanor beyond his fees, is absurd, but not a farce. 
It is a crime. It is obtaining monej' under false pre- 
tenses; robbing the poor, and cheating them out of 
their souls by exciting in them false hopes of salva- 
tion without repentance; instigating them to go on 
in sin in the expectation of further forgiveness.upon 
the payment of more money to the priest, and en- 
couraging crime by the obligatory silence of the fa- 
ther confessor. 

The tendency of the system is to aggrandize the 
priesthood, by making it a substitute for God, who 
only has power to forgive sin. The truly penitent is 
taught that it is enough to confess his sin to a priest 
and do penance; that direct confession to God, with- 
out the intervention of a priest, would be U8eles8;and 
thus the glorious invitation of the Gospel: "Whoso- 
ever will, let him come and take of the water of life 
freely," is sullied with a lie and priestly extortion. 

Under this pernicious system the ends of justice 
are practically thwarted. The devout Catholic may 
rob and murder his victim, then go and make a con- 
fidant of the priest, pay his fee, do his penance, and 
go away joyful tiecause he is absolved and shielded 
by the secrecy of the confessional. In the breast of 
every father confessor in every land are secret clues 
to crime for which detectives would liberally pay. 
The hiding of these "pointers" by the priesthood 
makes it a participator in crime, with the advantage 
ol escaping molestation, though the perpetrator be 

In all the Bible there is one instance only of a 
sinner going to confess his sin to priests, and he 
hardly expected absolution from them for his terri- 
ble crime against the Lord. He dared not go to the 
Lord for forgiveness,and the priests knew that they 
were as guilty as this unhappy man. They did not 
offer to forgive him, although they took his money 
and appropriated it to a work of charity. This sin- 
ner was Judas Iscariot, and the whole account is 
given us in Matthew's Gospel — the saddest story of 
human weakness in the records of our race. 

I had written thus far when I received a letter 
from a well-known reformed Roman Catholic priest 
— the best authority in the world: 

"The main part of the absolution priestly formula 
consists in the following: 'In quantum possum et 
tu indiges. Ego te absolvo a peccatis tuis, in nomine 
Patris, and Filii, and Spiritus Sancti. Amen.' Then 
he (priest) prays that the merits of the Virgin Mary 
and of all the saints be applied to the penitent's 
soul. What a blasphemy! What an insult to Christ's 
sacrifice, which was offered 'once for all,'as is plain- 
ly declared by Paul to the Hebrews! ... I am 
glad I am out of the devilish system of Rome." 
Amen! Old American. 

The Germans of Philadelphia have formed an or- 
ganization for the purpose of securing the repeal of 
all laws in this State relating to the Sabbath. They 
propose sending men to the Legislature who will, 
when elected, pass laws to repeal our Sabbath laws. 
They claim a membership of from 30,000 to 40,000 
in this anti- Sabbath organization. Friends of the 
Sabbath will do well to know the views of candidates 
for legislative honors on this vital issue before vot- 
ing at the next State election. They wilfneed to be 
watchful against these enemies of Sabbath sanctifi- 
cation. Let the present excellent laws respecting 
the Sabbath be repealed through the votes of our 
Legislature and it would be hard to have them re- 
enacted. If Germans do not like our institutions, 
and among the most potent for good, our Sabbath 
laws, they are free to go back to Fatherland. So 
long as they remain here they should be taught that 
to the Sabbath we owe much of our moral and ma 
terial wealth and prosperity in Pennsylvania. They 
have no right to come here and overthrow that 
Christian institution, the Sabbath, or anything else 

to which we owe our rapid growth as a nation in 
wealth, virtue and intelligence. — Sandy Lake, Pa., 



Up the hillside, down the glen, 
Rouse the sleeping cltlcen ; 
Summon oat the might of men I 

Like a Hon growling low,— 
Like a night-storm rlslog slow,— 
Like the tread of unseen foe,— 

It Is coming,— It Is nigh ! 
Stand your homes and altars by ; 
On your own free thresholds die. 

Clang the bells in all your spires ; 
On the grey hills of your sires 
Fling to heaven your signal flres. 

O for God and duty stand, 
Heart to heart and hand to band, 
Round the old graves of the land. 

Perish party— perish clan; 
Strike together while ye can, 
Like the arm of one strong man. 

— WhUlier. 


We have been having most troublesome times in 
our county of late. The members of the secret or- 
ganization known as "Bald Knobbers" have been 
busy trying to enforce the law! With this end in 
view they have met from time to time in the woods 
after dark to decide upon future action. They have 
been known to go to homes at the dead of night, 
and take from their beds those who by act or testi- 
mony had opposed them in any way. This had 
been done so often that the settlers living south of 
us a few miles were in constant dread of these devils 
in human shape. The organization was secret and 
bound together under a fearful obligation or oath. 
Many who were members had joined without 
thought as to its ultimate aim. Others were mem- 
bers for self-protection. Their work culminated a 
short time ago in a terrible murder. A number of 
the band met one dark night, and after a full discus- 
sion of the matter, decided they would visit a family 
who had lately moved into our county from the 
north, whose outspoken condemnation of their 
course aroused their spite. About eighteen of the 
band made the raid. Surrounding the house in 
which the family resided, they entered from both 
sides, shooting down two of the young men, also 
striking the old gray-headed father with an ax and 
leaving him for dead. This last act roused the peo- 
ple to action. Twenty-four of those thought to 
have been engaged in the murder were promptly ar- 
rested. These are held for the action of a special 
Grand Jury. 

The jury are now in session. I was told this af- 
ternoon thatlhey had already found 300 indictments, 
eighteen of these for murder in the first degree. 
This will now, we hope, put a stop to this dreadful 
work and counteract to some extent the influence 
they have had for evil. 

Many young men who were in the organization, 
and were present on the night of the murder, were 
led ignorantly to the crime for which they are now 
held. Among those under arrest is a preacher of 

church; several of them are church members. 

The whole matter has caused quite a sensation. 
This trouble proves to us that this people need the 
Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ preached to them. 
It is the only true remedy for ignorance and sin 
here in the country, as also in Chicago and other 
large cities of our land. May fellow-Christians of 
our churches feel their obligations to those who are 
at work on such fields. It is our glorious privilege 
to preach Christ to such, and if we live up to our 
calling in Christ, we must preach or send by our 
means a sulistitute. How can this better be done 
than by giving the needed means to the American 
Home Missionary Society, which will commission 
willing and earnest workers for such fields. — J. D. 
WherlaTid, Ozarh, Mo., in the Home Mutionary. 

JuDOK Black on Girarp's Will.— The late Judge 
J. S. Black, says the Prethyterxan, had an emphatic 
way of expressing his sentiments which left no 
doubt for what he meant He once put on record 
his views on the unchristian feature in the will of 
Stephen Girard. The letter which was addressed to 
Rev. Dr. Niles, of York, Pa., has lately been made 
public and here are a few sentences: "Girard ex- 
cluded Christianity to a fundamental statute— made 
it an offence for one of its ministers to come within 
the walls, or even on the grounds of his college. It 
is a monumental dcelar.-ition that the religion of the 
New Testament, as taught by its professors, is per- 


OOTOBBE 13, 1887 

nicious in its influence on the minds of men. To 
proclaim this falsehood the accumulated millions of 
his thrifty life were expended on a building which, 
by its magnitude and the pomp of its architecture, 
overshadows all that is near it. The enormous 
structure, 'like a tall bully, lifts its head and lies.' " 

Reform News. 



Milton, Wis., 9-30-'87. 

Dkar Cynosure: — The Wisconsin Christian An- 
ti-secret Association assembled for the fifteenth an- 
nual convention in Goodrich Hall in this place, 
Sept. 28th. We have had an interesting meeting 
and many feel that they have been instructed great- 
ly to their benefit. 

I. R. B. Arnold's lectures and pictorial illustra- 
tions on ancient mythology, showing the relation of 
Masonry to ancient sun-worship and Baalism, drew 
full houses and aided much in making the reasons 
for the existence ot the N. C. A. and auxiliaries bet- 
ter understood,and the importance of their work was 
conceded by those Christians present who had no 
very clear conception of the justice of our cause. 

The relation of secret societies to the temperance 
reform was discussed at one of the sessions with 
true Christian concern for the cause of prohibition, 
and resulted in the unanimous and hearty adoption 
of the following resolution, with instruction to the 
secretary to send a copy to Miss Willard: 

Resolved, That we heartily indorse the W. C. T. U. in 
its work of education and reform, and approve of the 
open and Christian methods hitherto employed, and that 
we should deeply regret any concession of its open, hon- 
orable methods to secure the favor, or form an alliance 
with the Knights of L^bor, Good Templars, or any other 
department of the secret lodge system. 

Also a committee of five was appointed to attend 
the meeting of the National Prohibition committee, 
called by John B. Finch to assemble in Chicago 
Dec. Ist; said delegation instructed to work for the 
nomination of candidates who are free from all con- 
nection with secret societies. 

Also the following with reference to the minor se- 
cret orders was discussed with much interest and 
unanimously approved: 

Resolved, That we regard the Good Templars, Sons of 
Temperance, Knights of Labor, G. A. R., and other so- 
called minor secret orders, as feeders and stepping stones 
to the greater and graver oath-bound fraternities, such 
as Masonry, Odd-fellowship, etc , and hence they should 
be dispensed with in moral and political work. 

Resolutions reaffirming our confidence and faith 
in the Christian Cynosure and N. C. Association plat- 
form of principles were also passed and we separat- 
ed feeling that the anti-secret reform is of God and 
therefore it cannot fail, but triumph it surely will. 

Mus. M. M. Ames, 
Secretary pro tern. 
^ • *■ 


and Pres. J. Blanchard in Wheaton College, and his 
ecclesiastical connections, and of the crafty monkey, 
the hot chestnuts and the tortured cat in the fable. } 

It was my first meeting with Bro. Hanson, but 
every impression was favorable and I hope to see 
him a power for good in the cause of reform. He , 
related his experience in a very simple, touching ' 
way, and stated his conviction that God had called j 
him to give a portion of his time to the work of 
warning his fellows against what he believed to be 
"evil, and only evil, and that continually." The 
convention most heartily concurred with him in this 
conviction and the matter of his employment as lec- 
turer by the Minnesota State Christian Association 
was referred to the executive committee with favor- 
able recommendations. 

I do not wish to supersede a full report by the 
secretary, but am constrained to mention an inci- 
dent to show how prompt and firmly Bro. Hanson 
met the opposition. There was liberty given for 
questions and remarks during the last session. The 
old question of "perjury" was raised by a Royal 
Arch Mason, and Bro. H. replied, saying, "We have 
taken the same obligations," etc., and then demon- 
strated that the violation of such an oath could be 
neither legal or moral perjury. The city papers 
took note of the fact and of Bro. Hanson's lodge 
relations and in the usual style classed him with 
"long-haired cranks," "impracticable fanatics," etc. 

In looking back over the record of the meeting I 
am constrained to offer thanksgiving to God for his 
blessing and to take new courage for the future. 
The attendance was not all that it should have been, 
and preliminary advertisement was defective, but 
the brethren did what they could and resolved on 
better and more thorough work in this than in any 
previous year. J. P. Stoddard. 

incidents of the good meeting at MINNEAPOLIS. 

The State meeting just closed in Minneapolis may 
be called the revival of anti-lodge work and interest 
in Minnesota. It was a convention strong in prayer, 
Christian experience and council. Professor E. g! 
Paine presided with his accustomed deliberation 
and fairness, and the discussions took in a wide 
range of reform topics, calling out brief and spirited 
speeches from Revs. M. A. Gault, A. C. Hand, C. F. 
Hawley, Wm. Fenton, W. W. Ames, C. F. Trabert, 
R. J. Williams, Porter, W. W. Satteriee, and El- 
wood Hansen, Bro. Morrell and others, more nota- 
bly on prohibition and the secret lodge system. 
Rev. P. Sjoblom and some others were obliged to 
leave before the last session, but the interest was so 
great that a necessity to get street car accommoda- 
tions only secured an adjournment at 10:30 p. m. 

Bro. E. Hanson, who had acted with Bro. Fenton 
on local committee of arrangements, has seen twelve 
degrees of the inside iniquities of Freemasonry, and 
when enlightend by the Spirit felt constrained to 
^ allude to the subject in a sermon in a way that was 
distasteful to his brethren of the mystic order. It 
scon transpired that accusations were brought 
against him, and his ministerial standing attacked 
through the instrumentality of the Society of 
Friends, to which he belonged; and, as I under- 
stand, the case is still pending under an appeal 
from the local to the yearly meeting of Friends to 
which Bro. Hanson belongs. I do not profess to 
know the full merits of this case, but as I gathered 
up some of the details I was reminded of the case 
of President White in Perdue University, Indiana, 


The light almost under the bushel— Some happy surprises 
— Ihe men of the meeting — A d/ream that should not be 
all a dream. 

After giving four lectures at ^Knapp, Wis., I ran 
up Wednesday a. m. to look in upon the Minnesota 
anti- secret convention at Minneapolis. I had for- 
gotten where it was to meet, and after looking 
over the daily papers and failing to find any 
notice of it, I inquired at different hotels 
and of policemen, but no one had heard of 
it. I scrutinized bulletin boards and places where 
posters were put up, but could get no clue. Being 
a stranger in the city, I began to feel alarmed lest I 
might fail to find the brethren. I went at last to the 
Y. M. C. A. Rooms,and was gratified to find the As- 
sistant Secretary to be F. E. Harrington,from whom 
I had once received a letter inquiring about our 
National Reform literature. He was quite surprised 
to hear that the State convention of the Minnesota 
Christian Association was in session somewhere in 
the city — a work in which he would gladly have co- 
operated, and yet he had heard nothing of it. He 
had the Cynosure on file, but had not noticed the 
announcement. We hunted up the Cynosure, and 
were glad to find where the good brethren were as- 

Getting on board the motor cars, we rode two miles, 
getting out at Chestnut Hall, corner 26th street and 
Nicollet avenue. In the chair was the dignified and 
scholarly Prof. E. G. Paine, of Wasioja Wesleyan 
Methodist Seminary. The secretary was a man of 
fine intellectual mould, Rev. W. W. Ames, of Mo- 
nomonie. Wis. There was the familiar form of Sec- 
retary J. P. Stoddard, his shoulders somewhat bent 
under the weight of seventeen years constant toil in 
the work. Near him sat the Iowa State lecturer, Bro. 
C. F. Hawley, in excellent physical condition. I was 
agreeably surprised to see and hear again the Rev. 
W. W. Satteriee, who impressed us at Lake Bluff 
last summer with his fine speech in defense of the 
Jericho Robbers. He is a strong M. E. pastor, and 
was in sympathy with the convention. Rev. Wm. 
Fenton of St. Paul, a Baptist minister, was also a 
power in the convention; so was an aged Wesleyan 
minister and his wife, bowed under the weight of 
many battle^ for reform, but whose names I have for- 
gotten. Bro. Elwood Hanson, who was active in 
arranging for the convention, impressed us as a truly 
devoted man, and sacrificed much for our comfort. 

The hall was neat and comfortable; a fine picture 
of John P. St. John hung over the rostrum. It was 
the place where a Prohibition club, headed by Bro. 
W. W. Satteriee, held regular meetings. One of the 
city pastors, C, H. Trabert, of the Evangelical Lu- 
theran church, took much interest. But as might 
be expected the attendnnce was small, little or no 
effort being made to reach the people. 

In sleeping over the matter last night I had this 
dream, and was sorry that it was only a dream. I 

thought Bro, Hawley spent several weeks in work- 
ing up this convention, securing notices of it in all 
the local papers, and in all the church papers favor- 
able to the reform, speaking at all surrounding 
points where he could find an open door, and keep- 
ing the convention before the people. I thought he 
had a nicely arranged programme which he had 
mailed two weeks before the convention to all the 
pastors in Minneapolis and St. Paul, and to all the 
Wesleyan, United Presbyterian, and Covenanter pas- 
tors in the State. The programme covered all the 
relations which the secret lodge system has to the 
Sabbath reform, temperance reform, and divorce re- 
form. The leaders in these discussions gave short, 
pointed speeches, containing their best thoughts. 
A well digested series of resolutions were published 
beforehand, and put into the hands of each one in 
the audience. The greater part of the time was de- 
voted to general discussion, in which all had an op- 
portunity of giving their best thoughts. The whole 
business was carefully planned beforehand. There 
were no long-winded speeches, occupying an hour or 
an hour and a half, when the speaker could have 
said all he did say in one-third of the time if his 
thoughts had been boiled down. There were no 
good brethren aching to give some words of testi- 
mony or experience, but denied the opportunity, as 
at the Chicago Congress last spring. The whole 
convention was a closely-packed, varied, pointed, 
soul-stirring argument against the lodge system, at 
which one could have filled a note book with brist- 
ling points. Of course in my dream 1 saw a large 
audience packing a hall, and adjourning with diffi- 
culty at the noon hour. How could such instrumen- 
talities fail to secure a large audience? 

As I once heard Prof. C. A. Blanchard remark, 
this convention work is like University work. It 
has a wonderfully educating power; but, oh ! what wis- 
dom and thoughtful planning are necessary to prop- 
erly utilize its forces, and bring out its possibilities. 
There was force enough at the Minneapolis Conven- 
tion to have rocked the entire city, if it could have 
properly been brought to bear. M. A. Gault. 



Columbus, Ohio, Sept. 29, 1887. 

Dear Cynosure — I once heard of an old lady 
who had lived none too good a life, on coming as 
she supposed to her death-bed, exclaiming in a very 
excited manner, "Good Lord; good devil. Good 
Lord; good devil." Being asked her reason for this 
strange procedure, she replied, "I do not know into 
whose hands I will fall and I wish to be on good 
terms with both parties." 

Every reformer who has been at all observant 
knows that the world is burdened with a class of 
individuals who, while not adopting the language of 
the old lady, act on the same principle. The prohi- 
bition orator describes such as lacking in the moral 
vertebrae. They generally have good intentions, 
but are wanting in moral or any other kind of force, 
their seeming goodness frequently causing them to 
yield their better judgment. Such hinder the ad- 
vancement of Christ's kingdom more than any other 
class. The individual or the church that lives a 
spiritual life must advance. Their warfare on sin 
must not be simply defensive but aggressive. It is 
not enough for me to take a stand for the right, but 
I should give my neighbors my reasons for taking 
such a stand. 

Why do I write thus? 

Because we are soon to have a State convention, 
in which we desire the united force of every church, 
and every man and woman who are at heart opposed 
to the Christ-excluding, man-debasing lodge; in fa- 
vor of the perpetuation of our free government and 
the exaltation of Christ to his right position in the 
hearts and governments of men. 

To-day the United Brethren church is going 
through a struggle which threatens to rend it from 
center to circumference; and why? Because a large 
number had not the moral courage to be aggressive 
in reform. The founders of that body as men of 
God did not simply "preach Christ" in a general 
kind of a way, hut endeavored to make the divine 
teachings practical to the age. Seeing the lodge 
was evil in its nature and tendencies, they did not 
adopt a system of license or taxation, but the God- 
given "Thou Shalt not." In their constitution they 
said, "There shall be no connection with secret soci- 
eties." For this principle with others they labored 
and prayed; gave their money and energies to con- 
vert sinners, build churches and schools for those 
converted. God blessed his truth. The church 
prospered. The fathers died rejoicing in the fruit 
ot their labor. The children take their places. Do 


OOTOBBB 13. 1887 


they build on the foundations which their fathers 
laid? Ah, no! Many, alas, rejoice in tbe fruit of 
their fathers' labor. "Cs not this great Babylon on 
which I have builded," said one. They covet the 
world, and are taking the flesh and the devil toget 
it. Where did their trouble commence? I reply: 
In not aggressively advocating their principles. 
Many of the preachers, instead of giving the people 
reasons for their position as a church, would preach 
from one year's end to the other without mentioning 
the lodge, unless it was to sympathize with some 
one seemingly converted at their altar; telling 
them they were a poor dear brother and they wished 
very much they could take them in, but their rule 
was against it. I speak from personal knowledge. 
Instead of informing themselves and their people as 
to the evils of the lodge, they began in a cowardly 
way to make excuses for the position they had 
taken. I thoroughly believe that many a man could 
have been saved to God and to this church, had the 
lodge been shown by the watchman on the walls of 
Zion, in its proper light. 

Friends in the United Brethren, United Presby- 
terian, Covenanter, Lutheran, Quaker, Wesleyan 
and Free Methodist, German Baptist, Mennonite 
and other reform churches in the State of Ohio, I 
appeal to you. Do you believe the position your 
fathers have taken against the lodge to be right? 
Do you believe that this rule should be sustained? 
Do you wish to exclude from your communion table, 
Ku Klux, Anarchists, Molly Maguires, Freemasons, 
Socialists, etc., etc.? There is only one way you 
can successfully do it, and that is by aggression. 
If you are simply on the defensive they will out-wit 
you, and will be at your communion table before 
you know it. They do not at first boldly assert 
their purposes, but like the snake in the grass, strike 
you when you are unaware. In the name of our 
Captain I ask you to meet with the many reform- 
ers who will come to our approaching State conven- 
tion. Will not every man reading this who belongs 
to a church opposed to the lodge see to it that their 
pastor and as many delegates as possible attend? 

As has been already announced, we expect to have 
President C. A. Blanchard and the N. C. A, General 
Agent. Rev. J. W. Coleman, State Recording Secre- 
tary, and for many years National Reform lecturer, 
will be with us and has agreed to speak to us if, as 
he says, "we cannot do better." We can answer 
that question better after hearing him. We shall 
try and get some able insurance agent to address us 
on the relative advantages of open and secret insur- 
ance. We partially have the promise of one now. 
I am corresponding with other parties and will re- 
port in due time. Since my last report I have ad- 
dressed three audiences: the Wesleyan and United 
Presbyterian in Mansfield and the United Brethren 
here. I have also secured readers for the Cynosure 
and some support for the State work. Among the 
pledges is one from Caleb Lyons for thirty dollars. 
Bro. Lyons has been a liberal contributor, as many 
know, to our State work in the past. Time and 
space forbid my writing more now. 

W. B. Stoddard. 


The Attractions of Belma — Its Schools and Churches — 

Tv)o Kinds of Congregationalism in the South — The 

Alabama W, O. -T. U. — Jv junction against colored 

Montgomery, Ala., Sept. 29, '87. 

Dear Cynosure:— I left Talladega Sept. 26 at 
3:30 p. Ji., and at 9 o'clock was at Selma, where I 
always find so many warm and sympathetic friends. 
I can never cease to admire this typical Southern 
city. Its broad streets are thoroughly shaded by 
great evergreen oaks and have an air of quietness 
and seclusion that we do not find in our Northern 
towns. The electric lights make strange, wierd 
shadows as they shine through the tree tops. Many 
artesian wells supply the city abundantly with ex- 
cellent water. Within the last seven years Selma 
has more than doubled in population and wealth. 
It now claims over 12,000. The crops of the past 
season have been fairly good,and mucb of the cotton 
has already been picked. There is a gradual im- 
provement in the condition of the colored people. 
Many of them are acquiring homes and all are edu- 
cating their children. It is believed that the tone 
of morals and the prevailing type of religion is be- 
ing elevated. There is need of it among both races. 
The long and hot summer is indicated by banana 
plants growing in the open air to the highth of ten 
or twelve feet, which is very rare so far north as 
this. Of course they cannot form any fruit. 

The colored churches and schools have had a 
'prosperous year. The latter are just opening. Knox 
Institute is under the care of Rev. Mr. Reed, while 
pastor G. M. Elliott devotes himself to ministerial 

and editorial work. His little paper, the Guiding 
Star, is now a weekly and attaining a hopeful de- 
gree of success. If the colored people are wise they 
{Continued on 9lh page.) 



Newburcj, N. Y., Oct. 5, 1887. 

Editor Christian Cynosure: — Newburg is a 
beautiful city of 25,000, on the Hudson, sixty miles 
north of New York City. It is noted chiefly for its 
elegant homes. The "Hasbronck House," used as 
Washington's headquarters in the Revolution, is an 
interesting place. The grounds bristling with can- 
non, the antiquated armor, the mammoth Hessian 
boot, the room with seven doors and one window in 
which Washington refused the crown, the tattered 
battle flags, — all carry back our thoughts to days 
more than a century old. This place is dishonored, 
however, with two hundred saloons. Satan evident- 
ly feels that he is playing his last card with the sa- 
loon system. 

The following from the New York Witness on "That 
Silver Dollar Saloon" is suggestive:' "Charley Smith, 
who has been a Republican Assemblyman from this 
city for several terms, had a grand opening of his 
new saloon last week, which was honored (?) by the 
presence of three Congressmen, one State Senator, 
three Assemblymen, one Civil Justice and several 
Aldermen. The Sun's description of this palatial 
ginmill shows that Mr. Smith understands how to 
advertise his new venture by making it an object of 
curiosity: 'In every stone in the white marble floor 
are two silver dollars bearing the date of 1887, and 
in the center of the floor, in front of the bar, is a 
black marble stone with a twenty dollar gold piece 
in the center and nineteen one dollar silver pieces 
around it. Over head in the ceiling are three me- 
dallions, serving as centers of three chandeliers, 
made of ground glass and representing silver dol- 
lars. On the back bar is a chandelier which has 
$500 worth of silver dollars on it. There is, be- 
sides, on the back bar a star and crescent a foot 
high, covered with silver pieces from a dime to a 
dollar. The wine decanters are in the shape of sil- 
ver dollars. On the wall are pictures of the mem- 
bers of the Assembly when ex-Assemblyman 
Smith was a member of the Legislature himself.' " 
The Witness properly designates it, "this new and 
ornamental gateway into the kingdom of darkness." 
When Mohammed returned to Mtcca, six years after 
the Hegira, he saw the 360 idols set up through the 
city, and, pointing to them with his sword, he said: 
"Truth has come; let this iniquity go down." So 
our Government should point to the 200,000 saloons 
in this land and say: "Truth and righteousness have 
come to this land; let these abominations go down 

West Point Military Academy is about six miles 
down the Hudson, amid the grandest scenery of the 
State. Its library, museum, and the drill of the 800 
cadets are well worth seeing. Standing there by 
that school for war, we thought of Alexander the 
Great driving the enemy before him until he reached 
the summit of power, and then sitting down and 
weeping because he had no more worlds to conquer. 
We thought of Caisar carrying his conquests north, 
south, east and west, until the Roman eagles over- 
shadowed every land and every sea. We thought of 
Hannibal crossing the Alps, descending upon Italy 
like a vulture with its cycloidal swoop upon its prey, 
and carrying devastation and ruin even to the gates 
of the Eternal City. We thought of Cortez with 
his conquering companions in Mexico, burning the 
ships that had brought him over the seas that there 
might be no hope of retreat, and playing the game 
of war with human lives for dice. We thought of 
Pizarro in Peru, challenging his men to fidelity by 
drawing a line with his sword in the sand, and say- 
ing: "On this side are poverty, misery and disgrace; 
on that side honor, wealth and peace; as for me ancl 
the faithful, we will cross the line." We thought 
of Napoleon holding the reins of destruction until 
his war horse had trampleil on all the kingdoms of 
Europe, and the very mention of his name caused 
the cheeks of popes and emperors to grow pale with 
fear. We thought of General Grant, with his "boys 
in blue," seizing that great red dragon of States 
rights that had grown up in the South, animated by 
that Satanic spirit of slavery; throttling it in 
those four years of bloody strife, and casting out 
the evil spirit into the seas, never more to rise again. 
The history of nations has been written in blood. 
It is to be hoped that the day is near at hand when 
"wars shall cease," when there will be a "Congress 
of Nations" to which all will submit, and when the 
prophecy shall be fulfilled, "nations shall beat their 

swords into plowshares, and their spears into prun- 
ing hooks." 

On Monday night I lectured in Rev. J. R.Thomp- 
son's church of this place. The house was filled, 
and a more attentive audience I never addressed, 
Bro. Thompson is wide-awake pastor. He has a 
strong and active congregation. He is a leader of 
thought in th's city. On Tuesday evening I lectured 
in the M. K. church in Fostertown, four miles out 
This meeting was a success. This week I was called 
to converse with an elder who has had cancer in the 
throat. The surgeons removed it, and in doing it, 
cut out the larynx and inserted a silver tube. It is 
the only operation of the kind ever performed in 
this country. He can be understood quite welL 
I was led to talk of the evidences of our being in 
Christ. To love Christ signifies to delight in his 
excellency and to desire to please him. There are 
several marks by which it may be known. 

1. The thought of Christ is the predominating 
thought in the believing mind. There are times 
when he does not think of Christ; while his mind 
is occupied with business he is not conscious of the 
presence of the thought of Christ; but as soon as the 
mind is released the thought of Christ comes to the 
surface, just as a cork held under the water will rise 
to the top when let loose. "I sleep but my heart 

2. The believer delights in the word of Christ 
"His lips are like lilies dropping with sweet-smell- 
ing myrrh." "O how love I thy law, it is my study 
all the day." 

3. He loves Christ's children. As it is unnatural 
for a son to hate his brothers and sisters, so it is 
unchristian for a professed follower of Christ to dis- 
like the the children of the covenant. "If a man 
says I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a 
liar; for he that loveth not his brother whom he 
hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath 
not seen? and this commandment we have from him, 
that he that loveth God, love his brother also." 

4. He seeks frequent communion with Christ 
"Like as the hart panteth after the water brooks, 
so pinteth my soul after thee, O God." 

5. He is drawn to Christ by an irresistible im- 
pulse. "The love of Christ constraineth me." "For 
me to live is Christ" "Entreat me not to leave 
thee, nor to turn back from following after thee." 

6. He is jealous for the honor of Christ It 
pains him to see Christ dishonored. 

7. He strives to obey ull Christ's commands. "Ye 
are my friends, if ye diO ■whatso(^)er I command you." 
"Oh that my ways were directed to keep thy stat- 
utes; then shall I not be ashamed when I have re- 
spect to all thy commandments." 

8. He makes an entire consecration to Christ 
"Thine are we, David," consecration to Christ's per- 
son; "and on thy side, thou son of Jesse," consecra- 
tion to Christ's cause. All that I am, all that I 
have, and all that I can be are devoted to him. 

9. He patiently endures all trials. He regards 
them as coming from the hand of his Father: "Whom 
the Lord loveth he chasteneth. What son is he 
whom the Father chasteneth not" They are a bless- 
ing to him. "No chastisement for the present seem- 
eth to be joyous, but grievous; nevertheless, it 
worketh the peaceable fruits of righteousness in 
them that are exercised thereby." As he partici- 
pates with Christ in suffering here, so he will share 
with him in glory hereafter. .^ 

"Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery 
trial that is to try you, as though some strange thing 
had happened unto you, but rather rt joice, inasmuch 
as ye are partakers of the suff'erings of Christ, that 
when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad 
also, with exceeding joy.'' The reward is great 
"These light atllictions, which are but for a moment, 
will work out for us a far more exceeding and etern- 
al weight of glory." The atUiction is light, the 
glory is a weight The atUiction is temporary, the 
glcry is eternal. So he looks up and says, "Lord, 
what thou wilt and when thou wilt and how thou 
wilt" "Though he slay. me, yet will I trust in him." 
Yours, J. M. Fostkeu 

^ ■ * 


another baptist brigade wheels into line 
against the lodge — the prohibition vote. 

Dear Cynosure: — Since I last wrote you we have 
been marching along steadily on the line of reform. 
A few things have happened that will be of some 
interest to your readers, and may perhaps spur some 
one to take a positive stand at all limes for God and 
the right My position against the lodge is not de- 
void of effect, and many are realizing it; the most 
positive evidence of the same was manifested in a 
Baptist Convention held in our city on the 19lh ult. 
There were nearly seventy-two persons in attend- 




October 13, 1887 

ance, and eight associations were represented. The 
meeting was an educational one, and the committee 
who was sent out to report plans made the following 

That as the object of the school is to train leaders for 
the homes, churches and schools, it should, in its faculty, 
organization and management, magnify the church, be a 
standing protest against Sabbath breaking, intemperance 
in all forms, the raising of money by worldly instead of 
Bible methods, the union of church members with the 
worldly and ungodly in secret societies and otherwise, 
and in all forms of worldliness so prevalent at the pres- 
ent time; and that the school should also in the character 
of its teachers, its spirit, aims and work set forth the 
true principles of Christian morality, and Christian en- 
terprise in all benevolent, reform and missionary work . 

In the report of the Committee on By-Laws we 
had the following: 


As it is the aim of the founders of this school to train 
true Christian leaders, and also to make the school as far 
as possible a standing protest against the prevailing 
worldliness and immorality in many churches as well as 
in society, and also a pattern, as much as possible, ia its 
faculty and students in the matter of separation from 
the world, purity in life and habits, consecration to 
Christ, no one shall be eligible for election as a member 
of the faculty who is not a person of undoubted Chris- 
tian character and a member in good standing in a Bap- 
tist church, or who uses intoxicating liquors as a bever- 
age, or tobacco, or opium, or who is a member of any 
secret society or fraternity. 

This rule, however, is not intended to prevent the em- 
ployment of persons of unblemished Christian character, 
who may not be Baptists, to give special instruction for 
a time in the industrial or other departments of the 
school, when it may be necessary or desirable. 

The adoption of the above created no small stir, 
and a heated debate ensued, lasting nearly the en- 
tire day, but God who always 'triumphs did so in 
this case. There were thirty-six to vote, represent- 
ing as I have already stated eight associations, and 
the majority of them were adhering secret society 
men. There had never been such an opportunity in 
Tennessee to magnify the name of the Lord and his 
church, and it was improved. 

The allies of the lodge, in every speech they made 
they drove their brethren from them, and when the 
vote was put to adopt the plan and the by-law gov- 
erning the faculty, they were carried 31 to 5. This 
we call a grand triumph for God and the right. 

Another event has transpired of which of course 
you are aware, viz., our struggle for prohibition. 
We do not as yet know what the result will be, but 
indications point to the defeat of the amendment. 
I am glad to say that the men of my church voted 
for the amendment to a man, and the church had 
previously declared that any member who voted 
against the same, should be excluded from the 
church. Another church in the city, Beale Street 
Baptist, excluded eight last night (Friday) for voting 
against the amendment. We expect by the grace 
of God to continue the fight. We are now out for a 
new third party, and many Democrats and Repub 
licans are to-day loud in their determination to vote 
for no man unless he be a Prohibitionist. The elec- 
tion is over and we expect to write oftener. God 
bless all of the friends of reform. R. N. Codntee. 


While lecturing at Rochelle, Illinois, I was kindly 
entertained at the home of Harvey Countryman. He 
has been quite successful in business, and has a 
palatial residence. What is better, he is a pillar in 
the Presbyterian church, and is among the leading 
Christian workers in the community. It is interest- 
iog to spend an evening with him, and hear him re- 
late his personal efforts in winning souls for Christ. 

Once while on a train in Indiana, after putting up 
the prayer, "Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" 
he saw a young lady in a seat before him, and 
thought, perhaps the Lord wants me to speak to her. 
Ho leaned over and kindly inquired, "May I ask if 
you reside in Indiana?" 

She replied, "Yes, sir." 

"Do your parents live in this State?" 

She replied, "My father does, but my mother is 

Again he asked, "Was your mother a Christian?" 

She said, "0 yes." 

"May I inquire," said he, "if you are a Christian?" 

"No, sir." 

"May I ask if your mother before her death did 
not request you to give your heart to Jesus?" 

She replied, "Yee, sir." 

"Did you not promise your dying mother that you 
would?" . 

"Yes, sir." 

"Do you not think," he said, "that such a prom- 
ise is one that you are under solemn obligation to 

"Yes, sir," she said, trembling with emotion. She 
wept while he tenderly urged upon her the duty of 
being a Christian. She arose when the train stopped 
at her station, too much affected to speak. Then 
coming back into the car, she said with tears cours- 
ing down her cheeks, "Please, sir, I would like to 
know your name;" and shaking hands said, "I 
promise you that I will be a Christian." 

Mr. Countryman's life is rich in experiences of 
this kind. His eyes filled with tears as he told me 
of his conversion March 4, 1861, at the hour of 6:30 
in the evening, in a meeting at Oak Flatts, Herki- 
mer Co., N. Y., conducted by Elder Rufus Smith, of 
Maryville, Mo. It was a meeting he can never for- 
get. Elder Smith said, "Harvey, do you not think 
it is time for you to confess Christ?" 

He replied, "Yes, sir." 

"Then," said the Elder, "Are you willing to start 

He said, "Yes, sir," and he did; and never has re- 
gretted that decision. M. A. Gault. 


OaiON, Richland Co., Wis., Sept. 15, '87. 

Dear Christian Cynosure: — We have just had 
one of the grandest camp meetings ever held in this 
part of the country. Brother John Willan, our 
pastor and something of an evangelist, after engag- 
ing a very fine and suitable grove on my farm near 
Orion for the meeting, invited evangelist J, E. Wolfe 
of Pennsylvania, as preacher, and Bro. Swayne from 
New York, as singer of the Gospel, who began the 
meetings on the 25th of August. 

The meetings continued without intermission for 
three weeks, with three services each day, preaching 
and singing the glad tidings of a perfect and ever- 
lasting salvation in Christ; with Bible readings, 
prayer meetings, and song services interspersed. 
The three Sabbath services were very numerously 
attended, whole families coming from long distan- 
ces; 1,500 to 2,000 persons were in attendance on 
these Sabbath services. Messrs. Wolfe, Swayne, 
Willan, and pastor Lewis of the Methodist church, 
Orion, camped on the ground, so as to be at hand 
at all times to talk with inquirers. A number of 
camps were hired from Madison, which were rented 
to such as wished. The whole affair was strictly 
undenominational, and neighboring preachers of 
the Gospel of various sects came in to help. From 
first to last quiet and good order prevailed. It was 
indeed a time of great blessing; and it was mani- 
fest that the Spirit of God was with us of a truth- 
convincing sinners of their state of condemnation 
out of Christ, and in subduing and humbling both 
saints and sinners. The truths of the Word of God 
were very clearly, pungently and faithfully stated. 
And God gave the increase to the labors of his serv- 
ants, in the conversion of about a hundred and fifty 
souls. Several renounced their lodge membership; 
one brewer renounced his business and said, "I 
brew no more. I gets more as two million dollars 
wort' in dis grove." 

For the first ten days, or so, brother Wolfe direct- 
ed his discourses mainly to the professing church of 
God, denouncing dishonesty in trading, tobacco, 
gaudy and expensive clothing and ornaments, secret 
societies, dancing, yoking themselves with the world 
in marriage and business partnerships, gluttony, ob- 
scene and smutty stories and talk among men, skat- 
ing rinks, joining the world in their amusements, 
and so forth, — exhorting Christians to flee all such 
things, and be a separate and holy people, and shine 
as lights in the world. Also showing Christians 
their duties to each other — to be kind, courteous, 
loving, gentle, forgiving. Afterwards he preached 
to those who as yet were not reconciled to God, and, 
therefore, in a state of danger and condemnation, — 
exhorting them not to neglect and despise so great 
a salvation. Mr. Wolfe also gave several interest- 
ing prophetical discourses, carefully distinguishing 
the several judgments and dispensations, and the 
respective places and future destinies of the Jew, 
the Gentile, and the church of God in the purposes 
and government of God. 

And now we have decided to have a yearly camp 
meeting in this grove for the next ten years, or as 
long as the Lord will shower down such blessings as 
we have just received. Brethren Wolfe and Swayne 
have offered to come with their families and preach 
and sing for the Lord one month with us every sum- 
mer. So come, you city people, come to our pleas- 
ant, well-watered and well-sheltered grove with your 
tents, your families, and your friends, and get your 
health, both of body and soul, strengthened and re- 
newed. I will give notice through the Gynomire be- 
fore the 1888 summer meeting. Brethren Wolf and 
Swayne are now fighting the devil in Richland Cen- 
ter, our coulity seat. Yours for reform, 

Wm, H. Dawson. 

Bible Lesson. 

LESSON IV.— Oct. 23.— Three Miracles -Matt. 9: 18-31. 
GOLDEN TEXT.— According to your faith be It unto you.— 
Matt. 9:29. 

{Open the BiMe and read the Us»(m.\ 
1. The Saving Toueh. ya.\Q-2,2,. In the crowd which 
followed Jesus to the house of Jairus was a woman af- 
flicted with an incurable disease for twelve years. If he 
could lay his hand on the forehead of death and bring 
back the warmth of life, surely even to touch the hem of 
his garment might suffice for her. Her timid, shrinking 
nature, and the character of her disease, which rendered 
her ceremonially unclean, made her desire to keep the 
fact of her touching him secret. Many who are anxious 
for a blessing are very shy of letting even Christians 
know that they are seeking it, but when the blessing 
comes, whether to soul or body, they must say with Da- 
vid, "I have declared thy faithfulness and thy salvation. 
I have not concealed thy loving kindness and thy truth 
from the great congregation." The very act of telling 
what has been done for us raises us to a higher plane of 
self-consecration, and fills us with a new and divine 
shame for our past unbelief of his word; our past ingrat- 
itude and unfaithfulness. There is too little of this kind 
of confessing the Lord among Christians. It is true that 
the best of us are "miserable sinners," but often it is less 
helpful to ourselves and the world to dwell upon our 
own short-comings, than to confess the power of Christ 
over them. There is healing only in the touch of per- 
sonal faith, but if the faith be there a touch is enough. 
How much real faith there may be among the most igno- 
rant and superstitious is not for us to judge, but the 
story of this poor woman may well encourage us to hope 
that many a sin-burdened heart, bowing before a crucifix 
or a Madonna, has really touched the hem of his garment 
and been healed. For Christ honors faith and treats it 
as a most precions plant wherever found. 

2. The Raising of the Ruler's Daughter, vs. 23-26. 
The ancient Greeks and Romans buried their dead in 
gloom and despair, and even Judaism had so far lost 
sight of the truth taught by her patriarchs and prophets, 
that when Jesus, as in the case of Lazarus, spoke of 
death as a sleep, he was misunderstood even by his own 
disciples. But is there no danger that we as Christians 
may forget the blessed truth that our dead are only 
asleep in Jesus? We forget it when we mourn unduly as 
if of those without hope. We forget it when, at the dic- 
tates of fashion, we array ourselves in heaviest black. 
The wearing of mourning has no higher authority than 
ancient heathen custom. If the Jews were forbidden to 
follow heathen fashions, surely Christians ought to feel 
themselves prohibited from doing so. We give the lie 
to our belief that Christ has appeared and "brought life 
and immortality to light through the Gospel," when we 
invest death with images of gloom and terror, rather 
than of hope and joy. 

3. The Healing of the two Blind Men. vs. 27-31. Here 
also the blessing is according to the faith. These blind 
men were anxious to see. If they hadn't been they would 
have continued blind The reason why so many con- 
tinue spiritually blind is because they do not want to see. 
What would be the effect if we all sought Jesus to have 
the eyes of our mind enlightened, half so persistently as 
these men sought him? Suppose every Christian before 
he votes for license should ask Christ for light, as well 
as every lodge Christian who thinks he can enter into the 
closest bonds of union with men who hate his Saviour, 
and yet not dishonor and grieve that Saviour by such an 
action. I have yet to hear of a high license Christian, 
who, before making up his mind on the subject, "in- 
quired first at the mouth of theLord,"or of one who became 
a Mason or an Odd fellow after special and earnest 
prayer to learn his Saviour's will in tbe matter. Spirit- 
ual blindness causes most of the inconsistency which men 
blame on the church. To walk straight requires a clear 
vision, and when we sec Christians going in crooked and 
deviating ways, we know that they need to go where 
these blind men went, — to him who alone can open the 
eyes of the blind. 

From Peloubet'8 Notes. 

Jairus's Faith. 1 . It was a strong faith, expecting 
Jesus to raise to life one already dead, or as good as dead. 
2. It was an earnest faith. 3. It was a benevolent faith, 
seeking blessings for others. 4. It was an intelligent 
faith founded on a knowledge of what Jesus had already 
done. 5. It was a tried and tested faith, by means of 
the scorn of those who were in the house (ver. 24). 6. 
It was a successful faith, for Jesus immediately went to 
the ruler's house (ver. 23). 

Pbatbb fob Tbmpobal Blessings. I have often 




October 13, 188? 

IBE CHRmriAN Crrj^OBXHiiE.. 

Baid that in prayer we are to express to 
God every want that we feel, temporal, 
spiritual, or eternal . It is not your part 
to discriminate, and say, "I will not pray 
for this blessing, lest it be not for my 
good." It is the prerogative of him who 
gives the blessing to determine what is 
for your good, and what is not. You 
pray for the blessing that you feel you 
most need, and leave God to give when 
and how he pleases. — Gumming. 

The Capernaum Woman's Faith. 1. 
It was intelligent, founded on facts. 2. 
It was imperfect. 3 it was strong, over- 
coming obstacles. 4 It was active; it led 
her to seek Jesus and embody her faith 
in an outward act. 5. It led her to con- 
fession of Christ's power. 6. It was suc- 

The Faith Touch and the World 
Touch. The crowd touched Jesus and 
received no healing influence. The wo- 
man touched him in faith, and was made 
whole . Christ has untold blessings for 
all; but what men receive from him de- 
pends on the faith and love with which 
they come to him . It is the common ex- 
perience. We receive from nature ac- 
cording to what we bring to nature . Mul- 
titudes of men have seen apples fall, but 
only Newton received from the falling 
apple the law of gravitation . Men still 
go through the world with "eyes and no 
eyes," and one writes a book where anoth- 
er sees nothing. Arthur Helps compares 
some men to the birds on a telegraph wire, 
who are utterly unconscious of the mes- 
sages of sorrow and joy, of business and 
friendship, — messages sometimes affect- 
ing whole nations, — which are passing 
right under their feet . It needs the bat- 
tery and connecting instruments in order 
to read what passes on the wire . It needs 
hearts of love and faith, longings for ho- 
liness, and the spirit of prayer, if we 
would receive the blessings which Christ 
has for us all . 

Blessings according to our Faith. 
1 . The greatest benefit of healings and 
earthly helps from God is moral, is their 
effect upon the soul and the spiritu^ life. 
All Christ's miracles are illustrations of 
spiritual truths . 2. It is necessary, there- 
fore, in conferring these healings and 
earthly blessings, that the soul recognize 
God as the giver, and be drawn toward 
God in love and trust. Faith in God is 
thus the means by which the spiritual 
blessings are made to flaw from the tem- 
poral . 3 . This union makes every earth- 
ly gift of God doubly blessed. 4. By 
insisting on faith as the condition of re- 
ceiving, we are pointed to the natural 
and necessary effect of true faith . Faith 
is an essential to the greatest success. 
Credulity, superstition, and unwarranted 
expectations are often the ruin of men in 
worldly things; but true faith that leads to 
courage, activity, undaunted perseverance 
and a stuady, calm mind, is one of the es- 
sential conditions of the longest earthly 
life. And the same principle applies to 
the spiritual world. — P. 



Stoddard. There are yet some unre- 
deemed pledges left over from last year. 
I trust that any who may notice this re- 
port will redeem their pledges at once, so 
that we may keep our agent paid for bis 
services. ' 8. A. George, Treaa. 


Rev. T J. Allen $ 1 00 

Z L Wood 5 00 

L Rice 5 00 

E. B Keahl 2 00 

Mrs E Hodges 50 

For preaching at Mesopotamia. . . 5 00 

E J. Hays 2 00 

AK Ritchey 1 00 

Rev. W C Lawther 2 00 

A. R Reniar 1 00 

J. W. Minan 50 

A friend 5 00 

Wm. A. Forrester 2 00 

Rev J Beck 50 

W R Sterrett 50 

W. C. Hutchison 1 00 

J. Luce 2 00 

H. H. King 2 00 

Corlham Col 87 

L. Lovel 1 00 

C. L. Buell 50 

J. Forbes, 8r 3 00 

H. Holbrook 3 00 

Northfleld Col 70 

Josiah Lee 6 00 

Rev. W. H Vincent 1 00 

John Harvey 2 00 

deorge Maxwell 50 

Rev. J . F . Morton i 00 

Samuel Creswell 60 

John Patterson 1 00 

Books sold 1 35 

Total 159 42 

The above amount, with the exception 
of one dollar, was received per W. B. 


Albert Barnes, 1849: — Any good 
cause, I think, can be promoted openly; 
any secret association is liable, at least, 
to abuse and danger. 

Rev. Justin Edwaud.s, D D., author 
and head of Andover I'eminary: — When- 
ever the cause of tomperaaco is veiled in 
darkness and secr.-cy, it, must lose its hold 
on the public coufiienco aud sympathy. 

Rev. M. Bennett, long presiding el 
der M. B. c/iwrcA — I am pleased to be 
counted in for the moveoitnt which is be 
ing inaugurated against tyrannical organ 
izations and factitious distinctions in so- 

Dr. Thomas Scott, the great commevr- 
tator: — Rash oaths are above all things to 
be avoided; but if mtn are entangled by 
them, they ought rather to infringe the 
sinful oaths than to add sin to sin and 
ruin to their own souls. 

Rev. J. C. K Milligan, editor of "Our 
Banner:" — Through such silence, secret 
connivance and horiid oaths "ever to 
conceal and never reveal," the state of 
our country is rupidly becoming such as 
to alarm every Christian philanthropist. 

Rev. B. T. Roberts, editor of the Free 
Methodist: —For us t ) keep bilent respect- 
in(< Misonry, and thus tacitly endorse the 
idea that a man can both accept Christ 
and deny him— that is, be a good Mason 
and a good Christian at the same time, 
would be treason to Christ. 

John G. Fee, Brea Gollege, 1868. — 
It is Freemasonry, Odd-ftllowship and 
kindred associations that have spawned 
and now lend respectability to 'Regulat 
ors," "Ku Klux Klans," and other bands 
of midnight assassins now ranging 
through Kentucky and other portions of 
the South. 

Rev. J. p. Lytle, D. D. : — Masonry has 
damned all who ever trusted in it for sal- 
vation. It is now leading away thou- 
sands from the church, and from patLs of 
virtue by association with the intemper- 
ate, unclean and profane, and is dragging 
them down the road which leads to the 
chambers of eternal death. 

Rev. Edward Beecher, D.D. : — If on 
such anti- Christian grounds, prayers are 
framed, rites established and chaplains 
appointed, ignoring Christ and his inter- 
cession, God regards it as a mockery and 
an insult to himself and his church. In 
it is revealed the hatred of Satan to 
Christ. By it Christ is dethroned and 
Satan exalted. 

Rev. W. W. Patton, D. D., 1869:— 
However secret societies may differ among 
themselves, yet they are all anti-republi- 
can in their tendencies; and are all lead- 
ing to the same results, viz., a substitution 
of worldly and selfish innovations for 
moral and religious influences, and, ulti- 
mately, to the theoretical and practical 
neutralization of Christianity. 

Rev. James H. FAincHiLo, D.D., Pitta- 
burg (uidreKs:— The point is not that the 
working of a secret organization may be 
perveric-d to selfish ends, but that in its 
very nature it strongly tends to such per- 
version. A worthy institution may be 
perverted, but an institution in which the 
tendency to perversion is inherent and 
constitutional, is not a good institution. 

Rev. Dr. Jamks. B. ^VAl.KFA^,aut7lor 
of "Philosophy of (he Plan of tialvation." 
— There is probably not one in a thous- 
and who enter the lodge,who know, when 
blindfolded theytake the terribleoaths, that 
Masonry is an anti-Chriot and one of the 
most powerful enemies of Christ that ex- 
ists. But this is put beyond the possi- 
bility of a doubt by the highest Masonic 

Rev. Nathan Brown, Bditor "Am. 
Baptist" and missionary to Japan. — If 
Freemasonry had existed in the days of 
Christ, and in the same form that it ex- 
ists with us.he could not have condemmd 
it more distinctly than he did in his Scr 
mon on the Mount: "If yo do good to 
them that do good to you, what do ye 
more than others? Do not even the pub- 
licans the same?" The Gospel is at war 
with every system of clique or clan, caste 
or combination that seeks to create difi- 
tinctioDB in the human family. 


Gbnbral AesNT and Lbctubbb, J. P. 
Stoddard, 221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

H. H. Hinman, Cynosure ofllce. 
Agent for Southern States. 
Statb AeBNTfl. 

Iowa, C. F. Hawley, Wayne, Henry 
Co. Care Rev. Geo. Fry. 

Missouri, Eld. Rufus Smith, Maryville. 

New Hampshire, Eld. S. C. Bamball, 
New Market. 

Ohio, W. B. Stoddard, Columbus. 

Kansas, Robert Loggan, Clifton. 

Alabama, Rev. G. M. Elliott, Selma. 

Dbgrsb WoRKKBa. — [Seceders.l 
J. K. Glassford, Carthage, Mo. 
Othbb Lbcturbbs. 

C. A. Blanchftrd, Whealon, 111. 
N. Callender, Thompson, Pa. 

J H. Tlmmons, Tarentum, Pa 

T. B. McCormlck, Princeton, Ind. 

E. Johnson, Dayton, Ind. 

H. A. Day, Wllllamstown, Mich. 

J. M. Bishop, Chambereburg, Pa 

A. Mayn, Bloomlngton, Ind. 

J. B. CreBslnger, Sullivan, O. 

W. M. Love, Osceola, Mo. 

J. L. Barlow, Grundy Center, Iowa. 

A. D.Freeman, Downers Grove, Hi 

Wm. FentoD St Paul, Minn. 

E. I. Grlnneli, Blalrsburg, Iowa. 

Warren Taylor, South Salem, O. 

J. S. Perry, Thompson, Conn. 

J. T. Michael, New Wilmington, Pa. 

8. G. Barton, Breckinridge, Mo. 

E. Bametaon, HaeklnvUle, Steuben Co, N. Y 

Wm. R. Roach, Pickering, Ont. 

D. A. Richards, Brighton, Mich. 

THS cmmoHBa vb. lod*^^R7. 

The following denominations are com- 
mitted by vote of their legislative assem- 
blies or by constitution to a separation 
from secret lodge worship: 

Adventists (Seventh-day.) 

Baptists — Primitive, Seventh-day and 

Brethren (Dunkera or German Bap- 

Christian Reformed Church. 

Church of God ^Northern Indiana El- 

Congregational — The State Associations 
of Illinois and Iowa have adopted resolu- 
tions against the lodge. 

Disciples (in part.) 


Lutherans — Norwegian, Danisk, Si^feJ- 
ish and Synodical Conferences. 


Methodists — Free and Wesleyan. 

Methodist Protestant (Minnesota Con 


Plymouth Brethren. 

Presbyterian — Associate, Reforme,! aad 

Reformed Church (Holland Branch.) 

United Brethren in Christ. 

Individual chiu'ches in some of these 
denominations should be excepted, in part 
of them even a considerable portion. 

The following local churches have, as a 
pledge to disfellowship and oppose lodge 
worship, given their names to the follow- 
ing list as 


Now Ruhamah Cong. Hamilton, Mls». 

Pleasant Ridge Cong. Ssndford Co. Ala. 

New Hope Afcthodlst, LowudeeCo., Miss. 

Congregational, College Sprlugn, Iowa. 

College Church of Christ, YVTicaton, lU. 

Flret Congregational, Leland, Mich. 

Sugnr Grove Church, Green county, Pa. 

Military Chapel, M. E., Lowndes county, 

Hopewell Misalonary Bapti«t, Lowndes Ca, 

Cedar Grove Miss. Baptist, Lowndes Co., 
i Simon's Chapel, M. E., Lowndes Co., Miss. 

Pleasant Kidge Mts*. Baptist, Lowndes Co., 

Brownlec Church, Caledonia, Miss. 

Salem Church, Lowndes Co., Miss. 

\Vest Preston Bantlst Church. Wayne Co.,Pa. 


adopting the same principle are — 

Baptist churches : N. Abfugton, Pa. ; Meno- 
monle, Mondovl, Waubeck and Spring Prairie, 
Wis. ; Wbeaton, 111. ; Perry, N. Y. ; Soring 
Creek, near Burlington, Iowa; Lima, Ind.; 
ConstablevlUe, N. Y. TTie "Good WUl Assocl- 
ton"of Mobile, Ala., comprising some twenty- 
flve colored Baptist churches; Bridgewater 
Baptist ABSOclatlon, Pa.; Old Tebo Baptist, 
near Leesvllle, Henry Co., Mo. ; Hoopeston, 111 ; 
Esmen, 111. ; StrykersvlUe, N. Y. 

Congregational churches : Ist of Oberlln, O. ; 
Tonlca, Crystal Lake, Union and Big Woods. 
111. ; Sol8bur>-, Ind. ; Congregational Methodist 
Maplewood, Mass. , „ „ . 

Independent churches In Lowell, Country- 
man BWiool house near Llndenwood, Mar«ngo 
and Streator, 111. : Bereaand Camp Nelson, Ky ; 
Uetlck, 111. ; Clarkflburg, Kansaa ; SUte Aflood- 
atlonof Minlatera and ChnichM of Christ Ix 



Pbesidbht.— H. H. George, D. D., Gen- 
eva College , Pa. 

ViCB-PRBSiDBHT — Rcv. M. A. Gault, 
Blanchard, Iowa. 

Cob. 880*7 and Gbhbral Aobht. — J 
P. Stoddard, 221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

Rbc. Sec'y. and Thbasurbb. — W. I. 
Phillips, 221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

DtBBGTOBS. — Alexander Thomson, Hi 
R. Britten, John clardner, J. L. Barlow, 
L. N. Stratton. Thos. H. Gault, C. A. 
Blanchard, J. E. Roy, E. R. WorreU, H. 
A. Fischer, W. R. Hench. 

The object of this Association Is: 

"To expose, withstand and remove secret 
societies, Freemasonry in panicular, and othcl 
anti-Christian movenients, in order to save tha 
churches of Christ from being uepraved, to re- 
deem the adniini6tr»tion of )ustice from per- 
version, and our r?p ibUcau government fix>is 

To carry on this work contributions are 
solicited from every friend of tne reform. 

Form of Bequest. — J give and bequeath to 
the National Christian Association, iiicorpa 
rated aud existing under the laws of the State 

of Illinois, the sum of dollars for the 

purposes of said Association, and for which 
toe receipt of its Treasurer for the rime being 
'^all be Bufflcient dlschaixe. 


PBBSiDBirr. — Rev. J. 8. McCullodx, 
D. D. 

Secretaby. — Rev. Lewis Johnson. 


Alabama.— Pres., Prof. Pickens; Sec, Q. 
M. Elliott; Treas., Rev. C. B. Curtis, all of 

Caltfornta.— Pres., L. B. Lathrop, HoUlt- 
t«r; Cor. Sec. Mrs. U. P. Merrill, Woodland: 
Treas., C. Ruddock, Woodland. 

Connbcticitt.— Free.. J. A. Conant, Willi, 
mantle; Sec, Geo. Smith, Wllllmantlc ; Treas,, 
C. T. Collins, Windsor. 

LujNOis.— Pres., J. L. Barlow, Wbeaton; 
Sec, H. L. KeUogg; Treas., W. I. Phillip* 
Cvfiorure oflSce. 

Indiana.— Pres., William H. Figg, Reno 
Sec, 8. L. Cook, Albion; Treas., BenJ. Ulah 
Silver Lake. 

Iowa.— Pres., Geo. Warrington, Birmlns 
ham ; Cor Sec, C. D. Trumbull, Morning Sun ; 
Treas., James Harvey, Pleasant Plain, Jeffer- 
son Co. 

Kansas.- Pres.. J. P. Richards, Ft Scott; 
Bee. W. W. McMillan, Olathe; Treas., J. 
A. 'Torrence, N. Cedar. 

MASSACHDSBTre.— Free., 8..A. Pratt; Sec, 
Mrs. E. D. Bailey; Treaa., David Mannlng,8r., 

Michigan.— Pres., D. A. Richards, Brighton ; 
Sec'y, H. A. Day, Wllllamston; Treaa. 
Geo. Swanson, Jr., Bedfoiu. 

MiNHBSOTA.— Pre*., E. G. Paine, Waaloja; 
Cor. Sec, W. H. McChesney, Fairmont; Ric. 
Bec'y, Thoe. Hartley, Richland; Treas., Wo. 
H. Morrill, St. Charlea. 

MiasODBi.— Pre*., B. F. MlUer, EMrlevlUe; 
Treaa.^Ullam Beauchamp, Avalon ; Cor. Sf c, 
A. D. Thomas, Avalon. 

Nbbbaska.- Pres., S. Austin, Falnnonit; 
Cor. Sec, W. Spooner, Seamey; Treas., 
J. C. Fye. 

N»w EAMpauiM.— Free., Isaac Hyatt, GU 
ford Village; Sec, 8. C. Kimball, New Market 
Treas., James F. French, Canterbury. 

Niw YOKK.— Pres., F. W. Capwell, Dale; 
Sec'y, John Wallace, Syracuse; Treas., M. 
Merrick, Syracuse. 

Ohio.— Pres., Rev. R. M. Smith, Pagetown: 
Rec Sec^ Rev. Coleman, Utlca; Cor. Sec and 
Treas., Kev. 8. A. George, Mansfield; Agent, 
W. B. Stoddard, Columbus. 

Pbnnstlvania.— Free., A. L. Port, Mob 
trose; Cor. Sec, N. Callender, Thompaont 
Treas., W.B. BertelsLWUkeebarre. 

ViBMOHT.— Free., W. R. Laird, 8U Johns- 
bury; Sec, C. W Potter. _ ^ 

WiBOONSiN— Pre*., J. W. Wood, Baraboo 
See., W. W. Amah M.0»oiBoiile ; Tnaa M. K 
lllltaa TIsiBI 



October 13, 1887 

The Christian Cynosure. 




CEQCieO, THUa80A.Y, OCTOBKK 13. 1887. 

We are glad to see delegates appointed to attend 
the meeting of the Prohibition Conference to be held 
in this city December 1st; and hope our meeting, if 
one is held, in New Orleans next winter, will be a 
focus to draw together the light now beaming so 
magnificently against the lodge and saloon in Ar- 
kansas, Louisiana, Texas,Tennessee and Florida,into 
one united biaze which shall illumine the whole 
Southern heavens. The unanimous votes of St. 
Marion, Arkansas, Association, and of the Louisi- 
ana State Association of colored Baptists to divorce 
lodgeism from Christianity, show what power the 
anti-lodge reform has to move the popular mind. 
"To this complexion it must come at last." 


This oldest American Missionary society dates 
from 1810, and so is seventy-seven years old. Its 
annual meeting this year opened in Springfield, 
Mass., October 4th inst. The venerable president, 
Hopkins, being dead, Mr. Blatchford of Chicago 

This Board, which sprang from a prayer meeting of 
four college a 8tack-yard,has been conduct- 
ed with such ability, and sustained with such devotion 
by intelligent Christian8,that its orders have been pre- 
ferred to the bank paper of London or New York 
by money centers in the Eastern nations. This 
Board, with the mission societies which have sprung 
up under its shadow, have long represented the pop- 
ular Christianity of the United States. The Rev. 
Dr. Noble of Chicago, this year, preached the open- 
ing sermon, and the audience filled the largest of 
the city churches so that the overflow met for preach- 
ing in another church. The annual income of this 
great Board averages over half a million dollars, 
and the withdrawal of the Presbyterians, who for 
years cooperated with Congregationalists in for- 
eign missions, has not materially diminished its rev- 
enue, or retarded its growth; though the Presbyte- 
rian Board is now a very strong body. 

The readers of the Cynogure are interested to know 
the relation of these bodies to reform. The Amer- 
ican Board's chief secretary, Clark, does not, and, 
indeed, few, if any, secretaries of the leading soci- 
eties belong to secret lodges. The old ministerial 
members, Drs. Woods, Worcester, Emerson, etc., 
were opposed to Masonic lodges. But Hon. Linus 
Childs (Whig) and Chancellor Walworth (Democrat) 
were Masons; and the latter saved the New York 
Grand Lodge from dissolution by the Morgan dis- 
cussions. Both these men were corporate members, 
and both pro-slavery. A. H. Quint, a life-long op- 
ponent of Abolition till the war converted him into 
a political chaplain; a Freemason who, in the Bos- 
ton Congregationalist, boasted of favors obtained of 
a grog-selling inn-keeper, by Masonic grips, while at 
the South; now a retired clergyman and New Hamp- 
shire politician; with his college President Bartlett, 
whom he saved from dismission by the Dartmouth 
Board of trustees, of which he is a member — this ex- 
Grand Chaplain, somewhat known to our readers, is 
a member of the conservative caucus on Andover 
matters, in the present meeting at Springfield. His 
presence, with that of a few others, prepares us for 
the rumor that an effort will be made to compromise 
the difficulty of the Board, removing Egbert C. 
Sjnyth for teaching "probation after death;" and 
also removing Secretary Alden for opposing it. 
This action, if taken, will, of course, have no refer- 
ence to the teachings of the Bible, duty, or right. 

There is not an element in heathenism which the 
Board is created and supported to oppose, which is 
not found in the secret lodge system of the United 
States; and as the life and usefulness of the Board 
once depended on the anti-slavery reform, so now its 
life depends on the overthrow of the lodge. 

Thirty-eight years ago the senior editor of the 
Oynoture, in the Tremont Temple, Boston, moved 
the American Board, "That slavebolding is not to 
be continued in the churches of Christ," The Board 
voted the resolution down, then reconsidered, and 
voted to print the resolution in the minutes, where it 
may be seen for the year 1849. A Masonic lodge is 
worse than a slave-plantation. Satan did not pro- 
pose to the Saviour a joint attempt to make men 
slaves and slaveholders, but to worship him. That 
done, he knew all human ills and vices would follow 
as effects. For devil or lodge-worship, includes the 
spirit of murder and every crime this side. We 
must pull down these strongholds of Satan, or 

churches, mission boards, states and armies, will 
bear on the masses of mankind as they now do in 
Asia and Africa, whose religions are now lodge re- 
ligions. And "the weapons of our warfare," "mighty 
through God," are capable of this mighty achieve- 

Since the above was written further and decided 
action was taken by the Board on the "Andover 
heresy." On Thursday the Board decided by a vote 
of nearly two to one to sustain the action of the 
Presidential committee in deciding on the qualifica- 
tions of missionaries employed by the Board and 
re-elected Dr. Alden, against whom the Andover 
men were most vindictive. Dr. Boardman of Chi- 
cago made the opening speech for the orthodox ma- 
jority and was followed by Dr. Wm. Taylor of New 
York, Dr. Goodwin of Chicago and others. Piof. 
Geo. P. Fisher led the other wing. Again on Fri- 
day the debate was resumed, but with no result fur- 
ther than to widen the breach which seems to have 
been permanently made. .The pastors of one or two 
Boston churches attacked the action of the Board 
with some severity in their Sabbath discourses and 
threaten to withdraw their contributions. 


The country is beginning to understand and pro- 
test against the late extraordinary orders from the 
Indian Bureau of the Interior Department that "in 
all schools conducted by missionary organizations,it 
is required that all instruction shall be given in the 
English language. Instruction in the Dakota lan- 
guage will not be permitted." Dr. J. E. Roy, secre- 
tary of the American Missionary Association, has 
been most active in arousing this popular interest 
and protest; and we quote elsewhere from an able 
letter of his in the Interior, which shows clearly the 
situation among the Dakota Indians. 

It is now sixty years since the senior editor be- 
came acquainted with Dr. Williamson and the elder 
Mr. Riggs. Both gentlemen have since had sons 
who were pupils at Wheaton. The present head qf 
the Santee Agency School, Rev. A. L. Riggs, was a 
graduate during our Presidency at Knox College, 
Both these families, fathers and sons, have, for the 
entire sixty years since our first acquaintance, de- 
voted their lives to the welfare of these tribes with 
a singleness of purpose as admirable as rare. A 
small portion of these Indians are civilized and 
Christianized. Dropping the Dakota language and 
books will cut the rope by which the wild Indians 
are to be lassoed and brought in. It will operate 
like forbidding German to be taught in the German 
districts of the United States. They will learn both 
languages quicker than English alone. But we need 
not argue what Dr. Roy makes clear. 

We only regret that, knowing as Dr. Roy does, 
the agency of the secret lodges in perpetuating and 
intensifying the heathenism of the Indian tribes, he 
does not mention it. Even good father Gleason, 
one of the earliest missionaries to the Cherokees 
and Choctaws, after their removal West, was a Free- 
mason. The Pueblo Indians practice devilish initia- 
tions, and our Government agents go through them 
to acquire influence over the tribe, Albert Pike in- 
itiated a large body of the Cherokees and Choctaws 
in Federal Lodge No. 1, at Washington, before en- 
listing them in the war of the rebellion against our 
flag. Pike obtained by fraud and drew from the 
U. S. treasury money appropriated to the Indian 
schools, as Senator Pomeroy has learned, and paid 
the expenses of his Indian regiments. The Govern- 
ment has prohibited dramshops to the Indians. It 
must also prohibit secret lodges, or they will hea- 
thenize faster than government can civilize. 

The Memphis School, — The Living Way gives a 
more particular account of the educational meeting 
in Memphis, which is reported in Bro. Countee's 
letter elsewhere. Rev. A. 0. Kenney of Ripley, 
Tenn., was president of the meeting, and Rev. T. 
Nightingale of the Beale Street Baptist church was 
on one of the committees. This pastor is also an 
editor, and has been most bitter in his attacks on 
Bro. Countee for leaving the lodge. We trust that 
he is now converted to Christ in respect to the lodge. 
Among those elected by the meeting to incorporate 
the new school are Elder W. A. Brinkley, Bro. Coun- 
tee's associate on the Living Way, and our Bro. Jer- 
ome Howe of Illinois. Put these facts along with 
our "Memphis Letter" and we find this new move- 
ment to be truly a cheering one in its promise of a 
thoroughly evangelical institution in Memphis, to 
stand with the "Howe Institute" at New Iberia, 
Louisiana. May the most abundant blessings at- 
tend these efforts. 

The American in its new form and dress is great- 
ly improved in appearance and its contents are ex- 
cellent. According to promise enlarged space is giv- 
en to city mission work; over two pages are thus 
filled. Prohibition has a page, anti-secrecy one,and 
National Reform one. While it might be regretted 
that opposition to the lodge evil may not be made so 
prominent an issue as heretofore, yet the change 
will, doubtless, work to increase the influence of the 
paper and enlarge its circulation among those who 
have not co-operated in the special work of Chris- 
tian reform. 

The meeting of the Evangelical Alliance in Wash- 
ington, for which we print the call elsewhere, prom- 
ises to be a meeting of greatest importance to the 
churches of America. The idea of co-operation 
among them instead of competition, which will be 
perhaps the keynote of the meeting suggests at once 
a vast field for counsel and for such an increase of 
religious activity that the imagination is lost in its 
possibilities. As Mr. Dodge, president of the Alli- 
ance, said the other day in an address in Bo8ton,"It 
has been said that there never has been less sectar- 
ianism than now, but there never has been more de- 
nominationalism." Can the Alliance turn this wast- 
ed energy into its proper channel? Dr. Strong, in 
the convention for city missions in New York, said 
that the greatest dangers threatening the United 
States to-day were the organizations for offensive 
warfare of the powers of darkness. His definition 
well describes the secret lodge system, which like 
the Revelation dragon floods the earth to drown the 
church of God. But in the presence of this enemy 
the Christian church is divided into a multiplicity of 
puerile factions. 

— The unhappy contrast presented in Bro, Hin- 
man's letter between the churches of the A.M. A, and 
the Home Missionary Society (Congregational) in the 
South has been observed by others. The Mome Mis- 
sionary magazine has a long article on the organiza- 
tion of "The First Church in the State," The State 
is Louisiana, in which there have long been many 
churches. So we understand the First Congregation- 
al church is meant; but there are already twenty 
churches of that name. The explanation comes at 
the end of the article that it is the first white Con- 
gregational church! May it be the last to put up the 
bar of caste. 


— Rev. T. P. Robb, pastor at Linton, Iowa, has 
spent the summer at Dr. Jackson's Health Institute, 
at Dansville, N. Y., taking treatment for a chronic 
throat trouble. 

— ^^Rev. M. A. Gault is at present lecturing in 
Wisconsin at Eau Claire, Menominie and Waupacca 
and vicinity. His next campaign will be through 
Northern Illinois. 

— Miss Anna Milligan, daughter of Rev. J, S. T. 
Milligan, has accepted a professor's chair in Camp- 
bell University at Holton, Kansas, She is na^ 
taking a course in Cornell University, N. Y. 

— John Alexander, of Philadelphia, one of the 
most influential members of the United Presbyterian 
church, has given to the National Reform Associa- 
tion the munificent contribution of $1,000. 

— The Wisconsin brethren were disappointed in 
not greeting Rev. J. B. Galloway at the Milton con- 
vention. He also was much disappointed, having 
fully intended to be present, but was detained by 

— About a year ago Bro. G. M. Elliott, at the 
head of the Reformed Presbyterian mission at Sel- 
ma, Alabama, began a paper for colored readers. 
The Guiding Star has now taken a change from 
monthly to weekly. We are glad to see this token 
of usefulness and appreciation. 

— Bro. M, N. Butler, who has been for a week 
aiding the Illinois Executive committee in their 
State work returned to his home in Darlington, Mis- 
souri, Saturday.expecting to open a very lively cam- 
paign in that State and hold two conventions, one 
north and one south of the river,in the western part 
of the State. In a few weeks the Illinois committee 
hope for his return for a year's work in this State. 

— We regret to learn from Prof. J. A. Edgren,whp 
has been compelled on account of his health to give 
up his work at the Swedish Baptist "Seminary, at 
Stromsburg, Nebraska. He writes from Monrovia, 
California, that the physicians prescribe a long sea 
voyage for the healing of his lungs. We pray that 
his labors which have promised mudh for the Swed- 
ish people of America may not be thus early cut 





October 13, 1887 


BE FORM NE W8 (Continued from 5ih page). 
will give it their patronage rather than some others 

that they now support. It is an able and thorough- 
ly Christian publication. 

Pastor Curtis is slowly building up a good, heal- 
thy, vigorous church representing correct Christian 
principles. He has never been afraid of any real 
Christian truth, and has not sought to hide it from 
his people. A branch church has been organized 
and is fairly prosperous. He is purchasing land 
where it is practicable and settling Christian fami- 
lies on it, and hopes in that way to do much for 
the people, both morally and pecuniarily. On sev- 
eral occasions during the year past he has prepared 
and read papers on the secrecy question. Once at 
Shelby Iron Works (where I was warned off and did 
not dare remain over Sabbath) he read a carefully 
prepared argument beforo the Congregational Asso- 
ciation of Alabama, and it was cordially received. 

Tt is somewhat remarkable that Congregational 
ministers who come South as the representatives of 
the American Home Missionary Society are (or at 
least become) quite different from those who repre- 
sent the A. M. A. While the latter are in sympathy 
with our anti-secrecy reform, and earnestly repudi- 
ate the spirit of caste, the former are very conserva- 
tive and are practically acquiescent in the diabolism 
of lodgery and negrophobia. The result is that 
there are two kinds of Congregationalism in the 
South. I trust this has not escaped the attention 
of the good men who are at the head of these two 
great missionary organizations. 

During Tuesday, the 27th, it rained incessantly, 
and on Wednesday morning I went with a delega- 
tion of the colored ladies of Selma who represent 
the State colored W. C. T. U. to attend a State con- 
vention at Montgomery. I was glad to note that 
while these ladies were assigned a car by themselves 
it was a neat one and in every respect like the oth- 
ers. A man who came ia to smoke was at once told 
by the conductor to leave. The ladies, who were 
mostly the wives of ministers,were pleased with their 
accommodations. Montgomery is also a growing 
city. It partakes of the general prosperity of the 
State. I was agreeably surprised at the extension 
of the street railways and especially by the fact that 
all are run by electricity. I was not prepared to 
see cars going up long steep grades at a fair rate of 
speed and propelled by simple contact with a wire 
overhead. Surely the cruelly abused car horses and 
mules in all our cities are, by and by, to have a re- 
lease. The W. C. T. U. met in a large A. M. E. Zion 
church known as the "Old Ship." It was called to 
order by the president, Mrs. Boothe, of Selma, and 
prayer was offered by the pastor. Rev. J. W. Al- 
stock. An address of welcome was given by Mrs. 
Cook of the Montgomery Union and was responded 
to by the president. A number of able papers were 
read by the ladies, and brief addresses were made 
by several brethren, including the writer. It was 
then announced that Rev. Atticus Haygood, author 
of "Our Brother in Black," was present and he was 
called for. He came forward and made a most in- 
teresting and eloquent address. He told them that 
he went through the campaign in Texas, and that he 
did not find a single colored man of education and 
piety who opposed the amendment. His address 
was highly appreciated by the congregation. Prof. 
Patterson of the Lincoln Normal School at Marion 
was also present, and it was announced that he would 
open the colored State University in this city next 

During the last year there has been a terrible out- 
break of negrophobia, and the Normal School at 
Marion was given up. The legislature, however.char- 
tered a State University for colored people and they 
(the colored) oledged $5,000 to have it in this city. 
Since then an injunction has been gotten out to pre- 
vent its establishment None can tell the result.but 
the school will, in any case, be started. The white 
people of this city are pursuing a most suicidal as 
well as wicked policy. Most of the colored pastors 
of the city belong to one or more of the secret or- 
ders, but I find that they all admit the objections to 
the orders and do not oppose discussion. I am in- 
vited to speak on the lodge question in the Dexter 
Ave. Baptist church on Friday night, the 30th, and 
expect to preach three times on Sabbath in Selma. 

The meetings of the W. C. T. U. still continue 
and are of much interest. Some able pajDers have 
been read. Such a convention of colored women 
would have been impossible ten years ago. They 
hava all been educated in the schools established by 
Northern benevolence, and are either pastor's wives 
or teachers. Not one has grey hairs. A number of 
them have expressed their sympathy with our anti- 
secrecy reform. We expect to have a meeting of 
the Solma Christian Association and to choose dele- 
gates to the New Orleans convention. 

H. H. HiMMAN. 


As I have recently attended the annual meeting 
of the Dakota Indian Conference at the Santee 
agency, your readers may be interested to know 
how the Christian Indians themselves regard the 
absolute command of the Indian Commissioner At- 
kins that in all Indian schools only the English 
shall be taught or used, upon penalty of being closed 
by the police or the soldiery, if necessary. About 
three hundred had come in from abroad, and at the 
communion season I counted five hundred and 
thirty. This conference embraces all the Presbyte- 
rian and Congregational ministers and churches 
among the Dakotas. Their discussion of the "order" 
was in a calm and dignified way, though with ear- 
nestness. As the rebult they adopted a memorial 
to the President in their own language, but trans- 
lated for the use of Mr. Cleveland, asking for an 
•abolishing of the order, which chey say is very 
grievous to them. They present that, "Because the 
whole of the holy Bible is translated into the lan- 
guage of the Dakotas, by learning it a good many 
have been quieted down in Christian homes and in 
civilized ways." They claim that the Dakota helps 
to understand and to learn the English, and that the 
Indians who have come to responsible positions at 
the different agencies are those who have thus been 
trained. They aver that the English is good and 
beneficial, but that it is better to have instruction in 

The missionaries agree with the Indian depart- 
ment that the people must be brought along into 
the English as fast as possible. The only question 
is as to the best method. The splendid Santee Nor- 
mal and Training School, with its seven white teach- 
ers and three native assistants, and with its one 
hundred and ninety-five scholars, and with its an- 
nual theological institute, is conducted almost ex- 
clusively in the English. 

But the two denominations have some eighteen, 
schools back among the wild Indians taught only by 
natives in the vernacular. These Christian teachers 
are thus way-wising their pupils to civilized ideas 
and thus preparing them to go forward to the larger 
schools where the English is mainly taught. By 
the "order" these schools are all to be closed up, 
and so the very object desired is to be defeated. 
In one of these the devoted Miss Collins is leading 
the scholars out into English, while the native as- 
sistant brings them under her influence. One of 
these native schools is taught by Elizabeth Winyan, 
a woman of remarkable gifts and of high character, 
though she cannot speak a word of English. It 
was this woman who, during the massacre of 1862, 
when the seniors Williamson and Riggs, with their 
families, fleeing from their burning mission prem- 
ises, had taken to a hiding place on an island in the 
Minnesota River, carried food to them, at the risk 
of her life. 

Besides the memorial of the Dakota Indians, sim- 
ilar petitions were also adopted by the Congrega- 
tionalists of Minnesota and South Dakota to be sent 
to the President, the one by United States Senator 
Sabin, and the other by Rev. Dr. Joseph Ward, pres- 
ident of Yankton College. The semi-official answer 
of the department was, that these papers had been 
inspired by a certain member who wished to contin- 
ue the sale of two of his Dakota books. The fact 
was that neither of the Riggs brothers was present, 
and that neither had anything to do with the action. 
Moreover, it has already been shown that the books 
had been devised as an expedient for teaching Eng- 
lish. It is also true that their money interest in 
these little books is just nothing at all. 

Recently, Acting Commissioner Upshaw decided 
that these Sintee Indians, holding land and paying 
taxes, were voting citizens. Accordingly, they did 
vote at a late election for county seat. Yet the per- 
sonal liberty of these voting citizens to send their 
children to any mission school they may prefer, and 
in it to have them learn to read in their own lan- 
guage, this same commissioner overrides in his or- 
der of July 16, in which he also says, "The educa- 
tion of Indians in the vernacular is not only no use 
to them, but is detrimental to their education and 
civilization," the grammar being his own. 

The Lake Mohawk gathering, the last week,of the 
friends of the Indians, testified against this order, 
and will probably make known their views to the 
President, as the Chrhtinn Union announces that a 
conference is proposed between the representatives 
of the various missionary organizations and the In- 
dian commissioner. As the Legislature of Georgia 
found itself obliged to pay a decent respect to the 
opinions of mankind in the matter of its infamous 
Glenn bill, so it is hoped that the government au- 
thorities will give heed to the rising public senti- 
ment, and will not continue to set up its two-year- 

old hyix)thesis against the experience of all mission- 
ary boards of every denomination for a hundred 
years. — Rev. Dr. J. E. Roy in Interior. 


The latest sensation in the capital was the depart- 
ure of the President's party for the West in their 
palatial train, which was the cynosure of all eyes 
and an object of universal admiration to all who had 
the coveted privilege of inspecting the splendid 
special as it stood at the Baltimore and Potomac 
depot awaiting the arrival of its honored passengers, 
who were accompanied thither by several members 
of the Cabinet, while hundreds of citizens had gath- 
ered near to take a farewell look at the President 
and his handsome wife. The three coaches consti- 
tuting the train are a marvel of magnificence and 
artistic genius, and cost the princely sum of $200,- 
000. Everything that could contribute to the com- 
fort and convenience of the party was pro\ided and 
arranged in the most elegant style, even to lighting 
the cars with electricity and heating them with 

And just here, I will make the pertinent inquiry 
why the railway corporations of the country furnish 
the President with these safeguards against a terri- 
ble and violent death, while the general public are 
still exposed to the peril of being roasted or scalded 
to death. It occurs to our correspondent that here 
is an object lesson to our national legislators if they 
really wish to regulate railway affairs in tCe interest 
of the people. 

A day before leaving the President summoned his 
Cabinet to a very important state council to consider 
the state of the finances, and to appoint Commis- 
sioners to arbitrate the existing differences with 
Canada and New Foundland in regard to the fisher- 
ies question. There being a diversity of views as 
to the legality of a further purchase of bonds by the 
Secretary of the Treasury, in the event that the 
financial exigencies of the country demand such a 
course, it was concluded, should such an exigency 
occur, to refer the matter to the decision of the At- 
torney General. The other matter was disposed of 
by the appointment of a Commission, to meet the 
representatives of Great Britain to settle the fisher- 
ies dispute. It consists of Secretary Bayard, and 
Messrs. Wm. L. Putnam, of Maine, and Jas. B. An- 
gell, of Michigan, and as all three gentlemen are 
profoundly versed in the arts and wiles of diploma- 
cy, it is believed by many that their deliberations 
with the Canadian Commissioners will reach a suc- 
cessful issue. 

The capital is indebted to Civil Service Commis- 
sioner Oberley for its latest political sensation, 
which came about in this way. The Illinois Demo- 
cratic Association, which, as its name implies, is a 
political, as well as a semi-social organization, in- 
vited the Commissioner to deliver an address to 
them, whereupon that gentleman wrote a lengthy 
communication, declining the proffered honor, and 
at the same time ic forming the Illinoians that it is 
a violation of the civil service law for Federal em- 
ployes in the classified service to belong to such so- 
cieties — the offenders being subject to dismissal, 
fine, and imprisonment for such uncivil conduct. 
There are about eight such State associations in this 
city, and as you may believe the Oberley manifest 
fell like a dynamite bomb in their ranks, producing, 
however, no immediately fatal results. But the A'ir- 
ginia Association is an exception, and defies Com- 
missioner Oberley to do his worst — heaping multi- 
plied maledictions upon his devoted head. 

Washington is so rapidlj' growing in popular fa- 
vor in that respect that at no distant dpy it may be 
known as the City of Conventions. The latest body 
to meet here was the International Medical Con- 
gress, and the next will be the American Section of 
the Evangelical Alliance, composed of 2,000 dele- 
gates and constituting one of the most important 
and influential religious ojganizatlons in the world. 
It is hoped the meeting ot the Alliance will be an 
occasion of spiritual growth and blessing and of 
pleasant social intercourse. In a few weeks 50,000 
programmes ot the meeting will be printed and dis- 
tributed throughout the United States. The Execu- 
tive Committee of the Evangelical Alliance of this 
city, arranged for the general meeting to be held in 
this city has December 7, 8 and 9. The free use of 
several churches was tenderctl. The Mount Vernon 
Place Methodist church was selected for the prelim- 
inary meeting to be held in October, to be addressed 
hy President Dodge and Secretary Strong, and the 
Congregational for the general meeting in Decem- 
ber. The specially invited speakers will be enter- 
taineil by the Washington branch. Dr. Strong, the 
general secretary, preached morning and evening at 
the Central Presbvterian church and made a great 
impression on his hearers. * 



October 13, 1887 

The Home. 


Thou art coming, O my Saviour ! 

Thou art coming, O my King! 
In thy beauty all resplendent, 
In thy glory all transcendent ; 

Well may we rejoice and sing 1 
Coming ! in the opening East, 

Herald brightness slowly swells ; 
Coming ! O my glorious Priest, 

Hear we not thy golden bells? 

Thou art coming, thou art coming! 

We shall meet thee on the way , 
We shall see thee, we shall know thee. 
We shall bless thee, we shall show thee 

All our hearts could never say. 
What an anthem that will be. 
Ringing out our love to thee, 
Pouring out our rapture sweet. 
At thine own all-glorious feet ! 

Thou art coming ! Rays of glory 
Through the vail thy death has rent. 

Touch the mountains and the river. 

With a golden-glowing quiver. 
Thrill of light and music blent. 

Earth is brightened when this gleam 

Falls on flower and rock and stream ; 

Life is brightened when this ray 

Falls upon its darkest day. 

Not a cloud and not a shadow, 
* Not a mist and not a tear, 
Not a sin and not a sorrow. 
Not a dim and veiled to-morrow 

For that sunrise grand and clear 1 
Jesus, Saviour, once with thee, 

Nothing else seems worth a thought ! 
Oh, how marvelous will be 

All the bliss thy pain hath bought ! ~ 

Thou art coming I At thy table 

We are witnesses for this. 
While remembering hearts thou meetest 
In communion, clearest, sweetest, 

Earnest of our coming bliss. 
Showing not thy death alone. 

And thy love exceeding great. 
But thy coming and thy throne, 

All for which we long and wait. 

Thou art coming ! We are waiting 

With a hope that cannot fall ; 
Asking not the day or hour, 
Resting on thy word of power, 

Anchored safe within the vail. 
Time appointed may be long. 

But the vision must be sure ; 
Certainty shall make us strong, 

Joyful patience can endure. 

Oh, the joy to see thee reigning , 

Thee, my own beloved Lord 1 
Every tongue thy name confessing, 
Worship, honor, glory, blessing. 

Brought to thee with glad accord 1 
Thee, my Master and my Friend, 

Vindicated and enthroned I 
Unto earth's remotest end 

Glorified, adored and owned I 

— Francis Ridley Haver gal. 



refute rather than fulfill the Scripture. Luke 18:8; 
and many passages. 

8. That the world is growing more wicked and 
Christendom more corrupt and apostate,ripening for 
the awful days of Anti-chri8t,both the Word and the 
facts plainly declare. Matt. 24:12; 2 Tim. 3:1-5; 4: 
3,4; Rev. 13:7,8,16,17. 

9. While evil men and imposters "wax worse and 
worse" and "the love of the many (majority) waxes 
cold," Christ's true followers, few in number, (Matt. 
7:14) are coming out more and more from the world 
and from worldly churches, and are making them- 
selves ready to meet their coming Lord and escape 
"the great tribulation." 

10. There will be two resurrections, a thousand 
years apart; the saved rise at the beginning of the 
millennium, the unsaved at its close. Rev. 20:4. 

11. The Jews, restored to their own land, will be 
the chief nation during the millennium, and Jerusa- 
lem will be the metropolis of the earth; all the 
prophecies concerning Israel will then be literally 
fulfilled. Isa. 11:11; 60:21,22; Ezek. 37:21-28; Joel 
3:20: Amos 9:14,15; Rom. 11:25-27. 

12. At his second coming, the Lord Jesus Christ 
will reign on the earth with his "bride" for a thou- 
sand years. Then will be fulfilled all the glorious 
Old Testament promises of his reign which many 
have vainly tried to spiritualize and apply to Gospel 
times; but the Gospel period is everywhere in the 
New Testament represented as an age of suffering 
and humiliation and persecution and self-denial in- 
stead of one of glory and exaltation. Suffering first, 
then glory. 1 Peter 1:11. As the Head suffered, 
so also must the "body," until the Head and the 
"body" are visibly united. 2 Tim. 2:12. 

Let us read Matt. 25:1-13 and see to which class 
we belong. May all the dear disciples of Jesus 
awake out of sleep, supply themselves with "oil," 
get on the "wedding garment," and be prepared to 
meet their Lord. 


The personal return of Jesus to this earth is one 
of the special messages for the hour; this was the 
theme of apostolic preaching and the daily hope and 
expectation of the early disciples. It should be 
much more so now, "for now is our salvation nearer 
than when we believed." 

The Thessalonians were as much converted to 
"wait for the Son of God from heaven" as they were 
"turned from idols to serve the living God." 

1. This is a personal coming; the- coming of the 
heavenly King, and not the "king of terrors." 

2. It is an event to be expected any moment, and 
one for which we are to be constantly watching and 
waiting. Mark 13:32-37; Luke 12:35-40. 

3. He comes first for his saints, his "body" and 
"bride." This is a coming in the air. 1 Thes. 4:17; 
Luke 17:34-3(5. 

4. Afterwards he comes with his saints. This is a 
coming to the earth. Zech. 14:4; Jude 14. 

5. Between these two stages of his coming will 
occur "the great tribulation" and the reign of Anti- 
christ. Watchful saints escape these. Luke 21:36; 
Rev. 3:10. 

6. The signs which his Word declares should her- 
ald his near approach are already fulfilled. 

7. The "conversion of the world" within this dis- 
pensation through the use of existing agencies is a 
fiction without the least sanction in the Word of 
God. If such a thing should come to pass it would 

king, "I have been a great sinner against God, and 
know not how to die, or how to appear before God 
in judgment!" His brother, making a jest of it, 
said, "These are but melancholy thoughts." The 
king made no reply; but it was the custom of the 
country, that if the executioner came and sounded 
a trumpet before any man's door, he was presently 
led to execution. The king, in the dead of the 
night, sent the executioner to sound the trumpet be- 
fore his brother's door; who hearing it and seeing 
the messenger of death, sprang into the king's pres- 
ence, beseeching to know in what he had offended. 
"Alas! brother," said the king, "you have never of- 
fended me. And is the sight of my executioner so 
dreadful, and shall not I, who have greatly offended, 
fear to be brought before the judgment seat of 
Chrisc?"— >SeZ. 


Remember, you have the hope of the second ad- 
vent; if Jesus comes before you die you will meet 
him — gladly meet and welcome the Son of God upon 
this earth. You shall be changed so that you shall 
be fit to inherit the incorruptible glories of the skies. 
You shall see your Redeemer when he stands in the 
latter day upon the earth. As Job said, "In my 
flesh shall I see God, whom my eyes shall see for 
myself, and not another." Have joy, then, at every 
thought of your Master's coming. Do not put it 
among dark prophecies or doubtful dreams. It is a 
clearly revealed truth that Jesus will come again and 
take his people up to their eternal home; "Where- 
fore comfort one another with these words," and be 
not moved away from that hope of the Gospel, which 
lies so sweetly in the second advent of our Lord Je- 
sus Christ. 

And, once more, we have this hope — that when we 
have passed through all that concerns time and are 
in eternity, that shoreless, bottomless sea, there re- 
mains for us no fear or dread; but we shall be "for- 
ever with the Lord." Be not dismayed as though 
there would be an after-probation, or a purgatory, 
or a limhus patrum, or any of those pretty places 
that have filled priests'pockets so long,and are now be- 
ing newly vamped and produced by our proud thinkers 
as an aid to their pretty speculations. We will have 
no purgatory under any form; it is the larder of 
priests, and the refuge of heresy-mongers; but there 
is not a word of it in God's book. We stand to the 
text — "So shall we be forever with the Lord." 

Jonathan Edwards, in one of his treatises, speaks 
somewhat to this effect: "If any man can prove this 
form of the Gospel to be untrue and a mere dream, 
the very best thing that he can do is to sit down and 
weep forever to think that he has disproved the 
brightest hope that ever shone upon the eyes of men." 
And the long separated loved ones will then meet to 
part no more. Home will then be reached. O be- 
loved, let us wait in patience, and stand with the 
wedding garment on constantly. Oh, to be ready 
to exclaim, as the opening heavens reveal his fair 
form "coming in the clouds of heaven," "Lo, this 
is our God, we have waited for him; this is the Lord, 
we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice 
in his salvation." Isa. 25: 9. — Spurgeon. 

^ % m 


"Whatsoever ye do, do it heartily as unto the 
Lord and not unto men." Thinking of the disagree- 
able duty of mending stockings brought these words 
80 forcibly to mind, I want to tell others of the rev- 
ery to which they led. This work I do not like; I 
would much rather make the new tidy for the easy 
chair or transplant my lovely heliotrope. But as I 
plied the needle I thought, "Weil, God does care for 
me even in this." His own word that he has num- 
bered the hairs of our head forbids a doubt of his 
loving thoughtfulness for the least of our concerns; 
and what a well-spring of thankfulness would abide 
in our hearts if we would only remember this! The 
money saved by mending may be used, perhaps, to 
help save a fallen sister from utter despair or lead 
a heathen child to Christ, who will in time make a 
Christian home to shine with a holy radiance in the 
surrounding darkness. How full of meaning is that 
word heartily; and that whatsoever, how comprehen- 
sive! All things that touch our lives, touch God's 
heart of love, and when our hearts and will are 
fully yielded to him we can look up and say, " What- 
soever thou sayest. Lord, we will do." Then the 
blessed power of himself within raises the mind 
above unpleasant tasks, and makes all a hearty ser- 
vice for Jesus's sake. Burdened mothers, weary 
with the strain of daily duties, lift up your eyes to 
see his word for you, and cast all your care on him 
— why? "for he careth for you." — Christian Witness. 


Jerome used to say, that it seemed to him as if 
the trumpet of the last day was alwajs sounding in 
his ears, saying, "Arise, ye dead, and come lo judg- 
ment." The generality, however, think but little of 
this awful and important period. A Christian king 
of Hungary, being very sad and pensive, his broth- 
er, who was a gay courtier, was desirous of knowing 
the cause of his sadness. "Ob, brother," said the 

An English farmer writes to the Leisure Hour, of 
London, his experience with sparrows, as follows: 
About six years ago the small birds were very de- 
structive in the gardens — here especially — in de- 
stroying the crops of green peas. A friend urged 
me to use poison, and, although I was reluctant to 
listen to him, he sent me a packet with instructions 
how to use it. I locked it safe in the cupboard in 
my seed room for that season, willing to suffer rath- 
er than destroy the little creatures whose services I 
well knew and whose cheerful songs I enjoyed. The 
following year they again became troublesome, and 
one morning the kitchen gardener came to me and 

"If you don't do something to keep off the spar- 
rows and tom-tits, we shall not have a pea left, sir." 
' Oh, is that it, John?" I said. "Well, after break- 
fast get two Dutch hoes, and I will come and help 
you for an hour to destroy the natives (weeds) near 
the peas." 

I brought some bread and butter, spread the pois- 
on it and placed it in crumbs on a large tiling slate 
between the ranks of peas, and began to work with 
John among the natives. About five minutes after 
my little girl came into the garden. 

"Father," she said, "there is a little bird fluttering 
among the peas." 

It was a sparrow. I picked it up,and it gave a few 
convulsive clutches with its little feet and died. 
"There is another," said she. 
I saw it, and said: "You go home, dear," not 
wishing her to see more, and in less than three min- 
utes I picked up six sparrows and two greenfinches; 
several more were found a little distance from the 
peas. Now all was quiet; not a bird could I see near 
the spot. I returned to John and stayed an hour 
with him, but not a bird came near the place. 

I took up the poison, for fear the peafowls should 
come that way, and for some two or three weeks we 
were quite free from any annoyance from small 
birds; but when John again began to complain that 
"the birds had begun on the marrowfat peas, I took 
out the slate with the poison on it, just as it was 
left from the last time, and placed it between the 
ranks of peas again. One rank of dwarf peas had 
gone up only about half-way the sticks, and beside 
this rank I placed it — for the better view, as I 
thought. I bad hardly taken my hoe in hand when 

OOTOBBR 13, 1887 



a fine "cock-sparrow" perched on the top of the 
sticks above the slate and began to make a loud 
noise, and about every two or three seconds sounded 
a loud, peculiar bell-like note. Birds began to gath- 
er thick and fast on the rank of sticks — all kinds of 
small birds, sparrows, finches, linnets, tom-tits (two 
or three sorts) and white-throats — till it was literal- 
ly covered with them, and this captain cock-sparrow 
kept on with his loud notes, all the rest beiug as 
quiet as possible, and every one with its little head 
turned toward the slate with the poison. John and 
I looked on in blank amazement, when all at once 
the sparrow, pluming himself out larger than usual 
and making a louder note, took wing, all the rest 
following. And now I began to breathe freely 
again, for I found I had been involuntarily holding 
my breath while this interesting scene was going on. 

"Well, John," I said, "that fellow preached to a 

"I was thinking sir," he answered, "how attentive 
all the rest were." 

For the rest of the season not a bird came near 
the garden, nor had I need again of resorting to my 
slate and poisoned bread and butter. 

And shall men be less wise than sparrows? Shall 
boys? Yet the boys and the men who see their fel- 
lows betrayed, ruined, poisoned by strong drink,take 
no heed of the danger, listen not to the voice of 
warning. They go recklessly on to taste, to fall, to 
perish. — JSel. 


Little Fred McMahon, 15 years old, living in Chi- 
cago, was to have had a visit in the country awhile 
since, and for that purpose would have started for 
Manistee,Mich.,had he not owned a revolver against 
his father's wishes. The boy had packed his trunk, 
kissed the baby, and was ready to start, when he 
thought of his precious 22-caliber pistol, and went 
back to his room to get it, carrying it out carefully 
wrapped up in a paper,80 that his mother would not 
see what it was. On the way he stooped down to 
kiss his little 1-year old brother again. The baby 
saw the gleam of the nickel plate, and reached out 
its little hands to see what it was. In taking it 
away the weapon was discharged, the ball entering 
the baby's forehead and lodging in the base of his 
brain. At the time the baby was being held by an- 
other 4-year-old brother, no one else being in the 
room, but the discharge brought the mother from 
below and neighbors from the street. Doctors were 
sent for, but their efforts were unavailing, the baby 
dying in less than two hours. The boy's father, 
Frederick J. McMahon, had warned him time and 
again to have nothing whatever to do with fire- 
arms, but without his knowledge he bought one for 
4th of July purposes and kept it hidden in his room. 
The little fellow was almost frantic with grief, and 
for a time it was feared his reason was affected. This 
is but one of many instances where the needless pos 
session of fire-arms has had a fatal result. 


It would be well for all liars like Ananias and 
Gehazi to remember a remark once made by a little 
boy to his father who was meditating a theft of po- 
tatoes out of a field. The father looked east, west, 
north and south, and seeing no one, began to pull 
up the roots. 

"Father," said the lad, "there is one way you for- 
got to look." — /Selected. 

Divisions of the Day. — The Chaldeans, Syrians, 
Persians and Indians began the day at sunrise, and 
divided both the day and night into four parts. This 
division of the day into quarters was in use long be- 
fore the division into hours. The Chinese, who be- 
gin their day at midnight and reckon to the mid- 
night following, divide this interval into twelve 
hours, each equal to two of ours, and known by a 
name and particular figure. In Egypt, the day was 
divided into unequal hours. The "clock" invented 
by Ctesibus, of Alexandria, B. C. 250, was so con- 
trived as to lengthen or shorten the hours by the 
flowing of water. The Greeks divided the natural 
day into twelve hours— a practice derived from the 
Babylonians. The Romans called the time between 
the rising and setting sun the natural day, and the 
time in the twenty-four hours the civil day. They 
began and ended their civil day at midnight, and 
took this practice from their ancient laws and cus- 
toms and rites of religion, in use long before they 
had any idea of the division into hours. The first 
sun dial seen at Home was brought from Catania, in 
Sicily, in. the first Punic part of the spoils of 
that city; and, after this period, they divided the 
day into twenty-four hours. An officer, called Ac- 
oensus, used to proclaim the hours, and at the bench 

of justice gave notice every three hours what o'clock 
it was. In the Turkish Empire,time is reckoned by 
certain portions of the natural day resembling the 
"watches" of the ancient Jews and Romans. Pub- 
lic clocks not being in use, these divisions of time 
are proclaimed from the minarets. 



Statistics are often presented showing the enor- 
mous size of the nation's liquor bill, but few per- 
sons, comparatively, are aware how much is spent 
annually on another luxury — tobacco. The Amer- 
ican Grocer has made a careful estimate of the na- 
tion's tobacco bill for 1886, and places it at |256,- 
500,000 — about $3.44 per capita. As not more than 
one-fifth of the population, probably, make use of 
the weed, the average expenditure of each user is 
about 117 per year, an amount that put at compound 
interest for fifty years at six per cent would buy a 
house and lot. 

Of course this amount is nothing like so large as 
that spent for liquor — only a little over one-third, in 
fact, for the nation's annual liquor bill is about $700,- 
000,000 — but still it is a sufficiently formidable sum 
for an article that is, to say the least, not a necessi- 
ty of life. More money is spent for tobacco than 
for sugar; almost twice as much as for those other 
luxuries, tea and coffee; and two and a half times 
as much as is sppnt upon schools. 

For cigarettes alone the sum of $6,500,000 is 
spent — and wasted; for, of all the ways of using 
tobacco, cigarette smoking is the most injurious, the 
most insidious, the most disgusting and offensive. 
Twenty million dollars are spent upon smoking to- 
bacco, $50,000,000 upon chewing tobacco — so the 
chewers have more to answer for than the pipe smok- 
ers. Of course the largest item in the list is for 
cigars. More money is burned up in the shape of 
tobacco than is consumed by all the accidental fires 
in the United States, and tobacco costs almost as 
much as fuel. — Selected. 


At Sutton's Bay, in Leelanaw county, Sept. 17, 
Wm. A. Taylor, State Organizer of the Prohibition 
party, with other Prohibitionists, were attacked with 
intent to kill by a gang of saloon men. Mr. Taylor 
is one of the most active Prohibitionists in the whole 
State, and has rendered brilliant services to the Pro- 
hibition cause. 

In the course of his organizing work for the party 
he made an engagement to speak at Sutton's Bay on 
Sept 17. The local workers billed the meeting ex- 
tensively. H and J. Deuster, who keep a saloon 
that has a most unsavory reputation — a Norwegian 
having been killed in it some time ago — began to 
make threats that they would break up the meeting 
and "do up" Taylor if he attempted to speak. On 
the night of the meeting they paraded the streets 
with guns and tin pans. 

Gathering about the door of the school house as 
the meeting closed, they waited for Taylor to ap- 
pear. He came out of the building in the company 
of some friends, one of whom, Mr. Cadham, was 
promptly knocked down and then kicked in the 
head. Mr. Cozart came to Cadham's assistance and 
was severely whipped and kicked, sustaining inju- 
ries which may prove serious. Mr. Palmer, another 
Prohibitionist, was slightly wounded. Mr. Taylor 
escaped without injury. During the fight the Deus- 
ters and their confederates several times cried out: 
"Kill him!" 


As I was returning home a few days since 1 heard 
the piteous cry of a young rabbit in the grsss by 
the road8ide;and well might it cry for when I looked 
I saw it was in the coils of a huge bull snake seven 
or eight feet long. 

At once my sympath}' for the rabbit was aroused 
and I sent my hired man for a club with which to 
kill the reptile, but before he returned a large old 
rabbit appeared upon the scene; she skipped around 
for a moment in apparent great excitement while the 
cry for help still continued. 

All of a sudden the mother's instinct (the strong- 
est impulse in nature) seemed to overcome all fear 
and she sprang like a wild cat upon the captor of 
her young and planted her teeth deep into the back 
of his neck.aud plied the claws of her hind feet with 
lightning rapidity to the back and sides of the ser- 
pent, producing a very peculiar sound, meanwhile 
the blood flowed freely from his wounds. 

This was the liveliest tussle I had ever witnessed, 

but it did not continue long, for the snake rolled it- 
self up into a ball and tried hard to encircle its tor- 
mentor in the coils. 

The rabbit seemed to realize its danger, for at the 
end of perhaps a half a minute she loosed her hold 
and sprang two or three feet into the air, alighting 
at least eight feet from the scene of the conflict and 
beat a hasty retreat with the snake in hot pursuit, 
and before I could bring to bear my weapon he had 
disappeared in the hedge. 

After the smoke of this sanguinary battle had 
blown aside, I was forcibly reminded of another 
conflict that has been going on in this country for 
ages past. I remember that the old serpent of the 
still, party of the first part, has encircled our belov- 
ed country in its dreadful coils and has annually 
crushed the life out of more than 60,000 of our men, 
women and children, parties of the second part; I 
also remembered that about the year 1873 the cry 
from the innocent victims having become as the roar 
of a great storm mingled with the wailings of perdi- 
tion, the mothers and wives of the land became so 
wrought up as to forget all (heretofore) rules of pro- 
priety and made a fierce attack for the rescue of their 
loved ones. 

This is and has been a death struggle, and judg- 
ing from the writhings of the serpent it is bound to 
yield up the ghost in due time if we faint not. 

The question now is, will the voters (parties of 
the third part) come to the rescue,or will they stand 
idly by and see the old serpent come off victorious. 
— H. A. Myers in Bloomington paper. 

Henry George was asked the other . day in one of 
his meetings,"How do you stand on the liquor ques- 
tion?" The papers report him to have answered,"! 
am all right on this question." What does Mr. 
George mean by "All right"? The platform of his 
party adopted at Syracuse says not one word on 
that question. That is all wrong. Over and over 
again, both privately and publicly, we have heard 
Mr. George say that he does not believe in prohibi- 
tion, but that he believes it would be better to have 
free liquor, that is, everybody have the right to sell 
liquor without any restriction whatever. Dr. Mc- 
Glynn was asked as to whether his party would take 
any stand on the question. He said, "No! we will 
not! We have too many men with us who love their 
drink." What think temperance labor men of all 
this? Is it right? Is such language true to the 
interests of the workingmen? Is it brave to be si- 
lent about a question so vital to the workingman's 
interest — silent in order to secure votes? Henry 
George and Dr. McGlynn have gone fishing for tem- 
perance gudgeons with base hooks. — Voice, 

One of the most rMrolting instances of rum's 
"deadly doings" recently occurred in Hoboken, N. J., 
where a young man voluntarily gave himself up for 
arrest, stating that he had quarreled with his wife 
and hurt her so that she might die. The police 
hastened to his rooms, where they found the wife 
lying on the floor quite dead, her throat being cut 
across. By her side sat her baby boy, five months 
old, dipping his fingers in his mother's blood and 
smearing his face with it, innocent of the great trag- 
edy about him. The neighbors bear witness to the 
industrious character of his wife, and that she was 
not given to quarreling. The husband had been 
drinking heavily, and was filled with maddened rage 
when he did the awful deed. 

In a temperance speech at Plattsburg, Mo., Rev. 
Samuel Small said: "You Republicans need not 
build yourselves up and say the Democratic party is 
the whisky party. You had absolute control of the 
Government for twenty-four years, and when you 
left it the country was drenched and doomed and 
damned with liquor from Maine to California. I am 
a Mugwump, and the difference between me and you 
is that you are a jugwump." 

"Woe to him that buildeth a town with blood, and 
establisheth a city with iniquity." 

No amount of revenue can compensate for the 
suffering and crime which the legalized liquor traffic 

The great revenues for high license, the enormous 
taxes on inlixicating drinks, are wrung from the 
wretchedness of worse than widowed wives, and 
worse than orphaned children. — Fretuitnt Seelye^ 

Methotiist conferences in Wisconsin have declared 
their belief that Christian men ought not to raise or 
sell tobacco. Thirty thousand acres of the plant 
were under cultivation in the State this year, and 
the action of these religious bodies has aroused 
much comment. 

Montreal advices say that the wholesale liquor 
merchants make no secret that their business is suf- 
fering to a great extent by the enforcement of the 
Scott Act 



October 13, 1881 

Reli gioxts N ews. 



The call for this important meetlDg to be held 
Dec. 7-9, 1887, says: "Thoughtful men are con- 
vinced that the closing years of the nineteenth cen- 
tury constitute a momentous crisis in the history of 
the nation. There is a march of events which will 
not tarry. The necessity of planting Christian in- 
stitutions in the formative West, and of strengthen- 
ing them in the older States, the duty of overtaking 
the rapid growth of our cities with adequate church 
provision, the importance of closing the widening 
chasm between the church and the multitude, and of 
bringing the regenerative power of the Gospel to 
bear upon every character and life, demand the in- 
stant attention of the Christian Church and the full 
exercise of all its energies. 

Popular education has multiplied wants and 
created tastes which wealth has not been suflSciently 
distributed to gratify; hence a growing discontent 
among working-men, which in prosperous times is 
an ill omen, suggesting grave questions concerning 
the next financial panic and the consequent indus- 
trial depression. The conflict with the saloon draw- 
ing to a crisis, and the manifest determination of 
the liquor power to accomplish its ends by fraud, 
corruption, or violence; a wide-spread spirit of law- 
lessness; the apathy of the popular conscience; the 
alienation of the masses from the churches, and in- 
creasing immigration — all these point to growing 
complications in the near future. 

Under monarchical governments, men have 
thought that if power could be popularized the ills 
of life would mostly disappear. In this country, 
until recently, by reason of abundant public lands, 
a sparse and substantially homogeneous population, 
and an almost limitless demand for labor, we have 
been exempt from many of the evils suffered by 
European peoples. But we are now beginning to 
approximate European conditions of society. The 
existence of great cities, severe competition, an un- 
employed class, increasing pauperism and crime, 
are the occasion and evidence of a widespread dis- 
content, for which the ballot affords no remedy. 
Has not the time come for us to make demonstra- 
tion of the truth that the Gospel can do what popu- 
lar suffrage cannot do? Is not this the nation, and 
is not this the generation, providentially called to 
make such application of the Gospel to the life of 
the people as has never yet been made? Will not 
those who have enjoyed "government of the people, 
by the people, and for the people," be the first to 
learn that the essential evils of society are caused, 
not by misrule, but by sin, and that the Gospel, 
therefore, must furnish the solution of the great so- 
cial problems? 

"The Christian church has not yet fully recog- 
nized its relations to the entire life of the commu- 
nity and the nation. Even Christian men, pre-occu- 
pied with private concerns and overburdened by the 
demands on their time, are prone to neglect the pub- 
lic welfare, and are loath to accept any responsibility 
existing evils. 

"Denominations and local churches, each intent 
on its own good work, have fallen into a harmful 
competition instead of engaging in an intelligent 
and comprehensive cooperation. 

"Our marvelous material growth and the progress 
of invention have produced new conditions to which 
business has been quick to adapt its methods. Do 
not important changes in population and in the hab- 
its and temper of the people require some changes 
in the methods of Christian work? 

"The undersigned, therefore, unite in calling a 
General Conference of all Evangelical Christians in 
the United States, to be held under the auspices and 
direction of the Evangelical Alliance for the United 
States, in the city of Washington, December the 7th, 
8th and 9th, 1887, to study in effect the following 

"1. What are the present perils and opportunities 
of the Christian church and of the country? 

"2. Can any of them be met best by a hearty co- 
operation of all Evangelical Christians, which, with- 
out detriment to any denominational interests, will 
serve the welfare of the whole church? 

"3. What are the best means to secure such co- 
operation, and to waken the whole church to its re- 

Among the signers are Dra. Schaff, Strong, Mc- 
Cosh, Brooks, Hopkins, R. S. Storrs, Hurst, Dwight, 
Haygood, Crosby, T. P. Stevenson, W. H. French, 
and Errett, Gen. O. 0. Howard, Geo. W. Cable, and 
E. W. Blatchford. 

A Conference will be held in Philadelphia, Nov. 
15-20, which will aim to emphasize and make prom- 
inent the full inspiration of God's Holy Word. 

While irreverent skeptics openly blaspheme the 
Bible, some of its professed friends, consciously or 
otherwise, have assailed its divine origin, and ques- 
tioned its infallible teaching. The plenary inspira- 
tion of the complete canon of Scripture has been 
both ridiculed and repudiated, and the heresies 
growing out of such antagonism have both infected 
and affected the spiritual life of the church. Young 
disciples have been intimidated from avowing their 
faith; the army of doubters has increased, while un- 
believers have grown bold in their opposition to the 
Word, and Words of the living God, 

The Conference, in its distinctive testimony, will, 
therefore, be of incalculable value. The topics to 
be presented by God-fearing men, who are of note 
in the church of God, will confirm the faith of Chris- 
tian believers in the Holy Scriptures, as given to us 
by the Holy Spirit in their original languages, in all 
their parts and terms. Rev. George C. Needham, 
who managed so successfully the Prophetic Confer- 
ence in Chicago last year, is secretary of this con- 
ference. His address is Manchester-by-the-sea, Mass. 

— The Rev. George R. Rogers, of Brook's Station, 
Ky., though ninety-six years old, frequently rides 
his horse to Louisville and back, a distance of 
twenty-six miles, and he still preaches and marries 
folks. He served throughout the war of 1812, and 
draws a pension for that service. 

— If to-morrow there were to be one school to 
every million of women in India, 269 lady teachers 
additional must land on its shores to-morrow. Chi- 
na's women are far more destitute; and Ethiopia is 
stretching out her hands as never before to God — 
and to us. 



— Since 18.52, seventy-five Sandwich Islanders 
have gone as foreign missionaries. 

— The Iowa Synod of the United Presbyterian 
church adopted resolutions approving the prohibi- 
tory liquor law. 

— Nine young Norwegian missionaries who have 
been studying at the mission school at Stavanger 
for six years, and also have medical training, are 
about to leave for fields in Africa and Madagascar. 

— While the church of Christ has been gathering 
in not more than three millions of converts from the 
heathen world, the natural increase of that world 
has been twenty millions! Must not a tremendous 
advance be made somewhere along our lines of 

— There are some Sunday-school classes in Bos- 
ton, composed chiefly of young people from wealthy 
and cultured families, whose teachers make it a con- 
dition of membership that each scholar shall choose 
some person in sickness or need, for whom he or 
she agrees to spend some part of the time each 
week. One young lady reads aloud to a poor boy 
confined by an accident in the hospital. Another is 
teaching a servant to read. Another makes gar- 
ments for some poor children. 

— The American Bible Society, now in its seven- 
ty-first year, has agencies in Turkey, China, Japan, 
Brazil, Mexico, Cuba, Persia, and Uruguay; and as- 
sists missionary agencies in Austria, Ceylon.Gilbert 
Islands, India, Spain, Germany, Bulgaria, Sweden, 
Finland, Siam, France, Switzerland, Italy and Libe- 
ria. In 1885 its expenditures in these countries 
were $137,357.98. During its existence it has ex- 
pended more than $22,000,000; and there are now 
versions of the Bible in circulation in over 200 lan- 
guages and dialects. 

— Pastor Schneller,who for more than twenty-five 
years has been at the head of the Syrian Orphan's 
Home in Jerusalem, reports that during the season 
just closed there have been more tourists and pil- 
grims in Jerusalem than in any single year in his 
life in the Holy City. There were nearly 30,000 pil- 
grims. Russia is erecting a tower on Mount Olivet 
one hundred metres high. It will be the highest 
building in the East. 

— The India Witness, of Calcutta, says: The prime 
minister of Indore, a cultured yet orthodox Hindu, 
has been talking of infant marriage. He bemoans 
the backwardness of many educated natives "to 
emancipate their sisters," and this gives him "keen 
disappointment." He holds that Hindu civilization 
is doomed, unless the women are lifted out of their 
"present bondage of ignorance and superstition." 
He says, "child marriage is no marriage at all, and 
that the existence of the child widow is one of the 
darkest blots that ever defaced the civilization of 
any people, and it is the necessary consequence of 
the system of infant marriage, a system which is a 
gross libel on the pure laws of the Aryans," He 
concludes by saying, "Let us give ap our debasing, 
infernal and abominable customs." This scholar 
does not think the present social customs of Hindus 
are anything less than an infernal caricature of pure 
Aryan habits and life. This view may be correct, 
and it is certain that infant marriage will soon be 
classed as a Hiodu heresy. Not only have Hindus 
made void the commandments of God by their tra- 
ditions, but all the dictates of reason, and all the 
rights of woman besides. The priest-ridden, para- 
lyzed millions of India will soon be emancipated by 
the truth which makes free. 

The annual convention of the Iowa Christian Associa- 
tion will meet in College Springs, Iowa, Tuesday, Oct, 
18, 7 p. M , and continue in session two days. The Revs. 
J. P. Stoddard, Gen'l Sec'y N. C. A., and C. F. Hawley, 
lecturer for Iowa, and other able speakers are expected 
to address the -convention. The lovers of light as op- 
posed to darkness, and of our free institutions in all parts 
of the State, are urged to attend in person or hy repre- 
sentation. Friends of the cause in neighboring States 
are heartily invited to meet with us. 

C. D. Trumbull, Cor. Sec'y. 

Delegates to the Iowa State Christian Association, to 
convene in College Springs on the third Tuesday of Oc- 
tober, will be met at Coin on Tuesday and Wednesday 

Those coming over the C. B. & Q from the East will 
leave the main line at Villisca and change at Clarinda for 
Coin. West of Villisca they can leave the main line at 
Red Oak and connect at Shenandoah with a morning 
freight on the Wabash for Coin. 

All who expect to attend the convention will please 
drop a card to the undersigned as soon as possible, spec- 
ifying whether they wish to be met on Tuesday or Wed- 
nesday morning. There are only morning trains to Coin 
over the branch lines of the C. B. & Q If any one wish- 
es to be met at any other point, let it be made known. 

Don't forget to drop the card, that transportation and 
entertainment may be duly provided for. 

Wm. Johnston. 


The Eleventh Annual Meeting of the New Hampshire 
Christian Association will be held in Arcanum Hall, No. 
939 Elm street, Manchester, October 29, 30, 31, 1887, 
commencing Saturday at 2 o'clock p. m., and closing 
Monday evening; entertainment free. Reduced railroad 
fare expected from the following stations: Rochester, 
Dover, Newmarket Junction, Portsmouth, North Weare, 
Laconia, and Concord. Horse cars from depot to hall. 
Addresses, sermons and essays are expected from the fol- 
lowing persons: Rev. J. Blanchard of Illinois, Rev. E. 
W. Oakes, Manchester, Elders A. Kidder, C. L Baker, 
Isaac Hyatt, S. C. Kimball, Mrs. C. W. Bixby, Miss Annie 
M. Ray, Miss E. E. Flagg, and Mips I. D. Haiues, evan- 
gelist of Maine. S.C. Kimball, Hec'y N. E. G. A. 


The Lincoln History, in the October CeniuTy, consists 
of a concise recital of the secession movement as ex- 
hibited in Congress, in the Cabinet of Buchanan, and in 
the correspondence of certain of the Southern leaders. 
A chapter is devoted to the secession of South Carolina 
and to afEairs in Charleston Harbor. The papers in the 
War Series consist of "Marching Through Georgia and 
the Carolinas;" "Sherman's March from 'Savannah to 
Bentonville," by General Henry W Slocum; and "The 
Batile of Bentonville," by General Wade Hampton; these 
papers presenting a graphic view of Sherman's opera- 
tions after Atlanta. The battle series will close in the 
November number with the "Appomattox Campaign," 
other war articles ofa genera) or untechnical nature,includ- 
ing GeneralSherman's "Grand Strategy of theWar," being 
left over for future occasional publication. The frontis- 
piece of the number is a striking portrait of Harriet 
Beecher Stowe, engraved by T. Johnson from a photo- 
graph by Sarony. This portrait is apropos of a paper 
by James Lane Allen, entitled "Mrs. Stowe's 'Uncle Tom' 
at Home in Kentucky," which recounts the life of the 
Kentucky slave of the old time, in a series of typical 
scenes, pointing out some considerations which it is 
thought should qualify Mrs. Stowe's point of view. Mr. 
Stedman contributes a paper of criticism, entitled "Twelve 
Years of British Song." The later work of Tennyson, 
Browning, Swinburne, and the younger English poets 
here receives critical attention. The paper in the series 
on "English Cathedrals" is this month devoted to Ely, 
which is called by Mrs. van Rensselaer "the great queen 
of the fen lands. . . always imposing, always superb, al- 
ways tremendous. . . .Nowhere," she says, "is there a more 
magnificent piece of handiwork." 

The Missionary Review rebukes the worldly and selfish 
methods which often prevail in mission work, especially 
in our cities. Too often men are urged, not to repent- 
ance and faith for the salvation of their souls, but, by 
motives of worldly advantage, to identify themselves 
with the church. Dr. Wilder's "Answer to the Presbyte- 
rian Board" is continued, and with great force and judg- 
ment urges missionary autonomy, gratuitous service and 
self-sacrifice. The reports from foreign missionary socL- 


OOTOBEB 13, 1887 



eties is interestiDg, though not bo fruitful 
in rcBults aa could be wished. 

Miss Olive Risley Seward, the adopted 
daughter of the ex-Secretary, will tell in 
the November number of Scribner's Mag- 
azine a hitherto unwritten chapter of the 
diplomatic history of our country, re- 
garding the abortive treaty with Denmark 
for the purchase of the island of St. 

Babyhood for October will be read by 
careful mothers with much interest. Such 
articles as Dr. C. L. Dana's on "Preco- 
cious Children," Dr. Yale's on "The Prop- 
er Shoe for Little Children," and Dr. 
Kitchen's on "Baby's Nose," will help 
many parents to better understand and 
provide for the comfort and health of 
the little ones. Other articles, some fully 
illustrated, and all helpful and suggestive, 
fill the number. 

8t Nicholas for October is the last but 
not the least excellent number of the cur- 
rent volume. Frank R Stockton con- 
tributes one of his capital "Personally 
Conducted" papers, on "The Low Coun- 
tries and the Rhine," with abundant illus- 
trations of the many interesting scenes 
described. "General Grant at Vicksburg" 
is the title of General Adam Badeau's 
war story, which is pleasantly supple 
mented by a very clever Southern sketch, 
— "O'e Mammy Prissy." John R. Coryell 
tells about the curious habits of an ab- 
surd bird with the queer name of Kiwi- 
Kiwi; and Mary J. BafEord writes about 
a self respecting and knowing dog that 
stopped a mutiny. George J. Manson 
tells ambitious youths how they may be- 
come successful dry goods merchants; 
while boys of a more literary turn may 
gain encouragement from "The Boyhood 
of John Greenleaf Whittier," as told by 
W. H. Rideing. 

Lodge Notes. 

At Sioux City, Iowa, Friday, the cor- 
ner stone of the new Chamber of Com- 
merce was laid with Masonic ceremonies. 

The membership of the Grand Army 
of the Republic aggregates 372,674. 
Judge John P. Rhea of Minnesota was 
elected commander in chief at the St- 
Louis meeting. 

General Secretary Litchman, of the 
Knights of Labor, reported at Minneap- 
olis Friday, that there were 485,000 mem- 
bers in good and regular standing in the 
order. The money on hand amounted to 

Three hundred miners, employed by the 
McLean County Coal Company at Bloom- 
ington, 111 , have agreed to strike because 
the company had discharged the presi- 
dent and two secretaries of the local body 
of the National Federation of Miners. 

The Grand Lodge of Ireland has three 
hundred and eighty one lodges on its roll, 
numbering from 1 to 1014, and the Grand 
Masters' Lodge, at the head, without any 
number. There are seven regimental 
lodges. The largest province is Antrim, 
with eighty-seven lodges. 

The Mormon missionaries who are pros- 
elyting in Great Britain held a meeting 
in London recently, and reported that 
their greatest success had been in Scot- 
land and Wales. In London their mis- 
sion had been an entire failure, for which 
they adopted a resolution invoking the 
curse of God on that city. 

Gen. Lucius Fairchild, recently com- 
mander in chief of the- Grand Army of 
Republic, will give, in the November 
number of the American Magazine, an 
account of the origin, aims and work of 
the order. He will endeavor to make 
people believe that the Q A. R. is essen- 
tially a great benevolent society. 

A secret conference of German Social- 
ists, lasting three days, has been held at 
St. Gall, Switzerland. Eighty delegates 
were present. The police had no knowl- 
edge of the meeting until after adjourn- 
ment. The Socialist leaders, Singer and 
Hasinclever, acted as presidents at differ- 
ent sessions. The speakers bitterly de- 
nounced the course pursued by the Social- 
ist deputies in the Reichstag. Reports 
were read showing that since the previ- 
ous conference the Socialists of Germany 
had spent 170,000 marks, of which 100,- 
000 were used for election expenses, and 
60,000 for defending members who have 
been prosecuted. 

— - — » • » 

Advertifiem who wish to iecure tho ai 
^entice cf the b«0t cl«M «f purchasers, 
will find it to their adTaatage to secure 
ipMe fa tlM asaUSTIAMOTNOaUBM. 


To Cynosure Ministers' Fund: 

Jno. Kloosterboer |3 50 

J. F. Brooks 4 00 

E. Wentworth 50 

A friend 35 

Mrs. M G. Strong 1 5 ) 

B. Williams 50 

M. Plummer 50 

D. Reynolds 1 50 

H. M. Whittemore 1 00 

R. D. Nichols 1 00 

Mrs. Jno. J. Cox 3 55 

To N. C. A. Foreign Fund: 

Mrs. H. L. Kellogg $ 50 

Jas Brandt /or i^eo. C. B. Ward, 

India 3 00 

W. O Percival for Africa 3 50 

R. D Nichols /or Rev. D. Z. Sakel- 

larios, Qreece 1 50 

Those 500 Agents. 

Several have responded to the adver- 
tisement. And it is expected that every 
subscriber to the Cynosure who has the 
cause at heart and can spend some time 
during the next three months in advanc- 
ing the reform, will write the Publisher 
of the Cynosure. 



'If you can 'get up' sufficient enthusi- 
asm in 100 to 1,000 agents to secure at 
least 100,000 subscribers to the Cynosure, 
I shall get my share of them. You could 
then pay your editors and contributors 
sufficient to justify their giving their time 
and very best attention to it, and the cause 
would forge ahead rapidly to complete 

We hereby thank those who have re- 
sponded so promptly; now let others 
keep the ball rolling. 


The following have made remittances 
of money to the Cynosure from Oct. 3 
to 8 inclusive. 

L I Wicker, W D Lowry, R D Nichols, 
L D Hollingsworth, R Smith, B Periine, 
G Pallister, J W Riner, A C Pratt, A 
Fenton, Mrs M B Sherburne, A Mayne, 
J Brandt, C C Corss, D K Lawrence, N 
Countryman, J N Gould, G M Clark, W 
O Percival, W J Haine, Rav A C Hand, 
A Wakeman, J Gage, S Graham, A Tay- 


The sketch of JAMES Q. BIRNEY, 
candidate of the Liberty Party for Presi- 
dent, in pamnhlet for 35 cents. A limit- 
ed number of copies of this handsome 
pannohlet for sale at the N. 0. A. oOce 



Wheatr-No. 8 69W 

No. 3 ee 

Winter No 2 73^ 

Com— No. a 42%® 43^ 

Oatft-No.a 26 @ 2S>^ 

Rye— No. 2 49 

Branperton 1150 

Hay— Timothy 9 50 @13 .50 

Butter, medium to best 16 @ 24 

Cheese 04 @ igi./- 

Beans. 1 25 @ 2 50 

Eggs 17 18 

Seedfl— Thnothy, 2 05 ©2 25 

Flax 1 07 

Broomcom... 02>^@| 07 

Potatoes per bus 60 @ 65 

Hides— Green to dry flint 07j,^@ 13 

Lumber— Common 11 00 (tJlS 00 

Wool 10 & 34 

Cattle— Choice to extra 4 70 (cj 5 40 

Common to good 1 75 (d 4 ,'iO 

Hogs 4 20 @ 4 71 

Sheep 2 50 ® 3 »5 


Flour 320 @560 

Wheat— Winter 78 (^ 87 

Spring 82V 

Com 63 @ 54 

Oats 32 Cot 40 

Kggs 15 @ 21 

Butter 16 (^ 35 

Wool 00 37 


GtX&t..^,.^^^..^^..^^ 1 SO a 4 65 

Hogl..^^ ►^.^ 8 75 2 4 60 

Vkun -.^ 8 00 e 8 60 


Will be furnished to those who desire in- 
formation or who will distribute them 
where they will do the most good. 

There are in stock now a large number 


This is especially interesting to ladies. 
"to the boyb who hopb to be men." 

It is illustrated and will please the 
school children. 


You can always get the attention of 
farmers or men who are interested in 
horses with this tract. 


leads Christians to separation. 

A limited number of two new tracts 
will be sent to any who need them. 


"in which army are you?" 
Remember these tracts will be sent you 
freely. But any who wish to contribute 
to this Free Tract Fund are earnestly re- 
quested to do so. 

Ought you not, once a year at least, to 
put a tract into each one of your neigh- 
bor's houses? Will you send for a supply 
National Christian Association, 
221 W. Madison St., Chicago. 

The time is near for buying holiday 
presents. If you preserve the Cynosure 
of Sept. 8th you will have The Literary 
Revolution list of Jno. B. Alden's books 
to select from. Well printed, well bound 
and cheap are valuable qualities. 


still remains at |2.00 per year, but the 
N. C A. at its annual meeting continued 
the offer for another year of the special 
rate of one dollar and fifty cents per 
year in advance. 

One month.. $ .15 One year. .. .$1.50 
Two months. .25 *Two years . . 3 . 00 
Four months . . 50 *Three years . 4.50 
Six months . . .75 *Four years.. 6.00 
Eight months 1.00 *Five years.. 7.50 
Specimen Numbers. — For ten cents 
we will send the Christian Cynosure for 
three weeks to any address, thus giving 
them a chance to examine the paper and 
subscribe if they think best. Could you 
make better use of a dollar of the Lord's 
money than to send to ten of your friends 
three copies of the Cynosure? 


to those who receive the Christian Cyno- 
sure with this item marked. A friend has 
paid for the paper to be sent to you for a 
few months, with the hope that at the end 
of the time paid for you will wish to 
subscribe for it, but if you do not, t?ie pa- 
per will not be sent beyond the time paid 
for. It for any reason you are not will- 
ing to receive it on the above terms, 
please send notice to that effect at once 



With Eighteen Miiitary Diagrams 

As Adopted and Promnlgatod l>y tho 

Sovereign Grand Lodge 

or TUB 

Independent Order of Odd-Fellows, 

At Baltimore, Maryland, SepL 2ith, 1885. 

Oompiled and Arranged by John 0. UndaKTv 
Liautenant Genaral. 




Historlcai SItetch and Introduction 

By Prce't J. Blancbard, of Whcaton College. 

26 cents each. 
for Sale by the National Ckriitiu AiiKUtiw. 

an WMt MadlMD SU ChtcaaoL 



The cabinet organ wa^ in- 
trortuced in its pr.-«.nt form 
by Mason * Hamlin In 1861. 
Other makere followed Id 
th<! manufactnre of these 
inotmmentp, bnt the Mason & Hamlin Organs have 
always maintained their supremacy as the best in 
the world. 

Mason & Hamlin offer, as demonstration of the 
nncnualed excellonce of their or^anx. the fact that 
at all of the preat World's Exhibitions, since that o* 
Paris, 18GT, in competition with t>est mulicrs of all 
countries, they have invariably taken the highest 
honors. Ulnstrated catalogues free. 

Mason & Hamlin's Piano 
Stringer was introduced by 
them in 1662, and has been 
prononnced by experts the 
" greatest improvement In 
l)ianos In half a century." 

A circular, containing testimonials from three 

hundred purchasers, musicians, and tuners, sent. 

together with dei<ciiptivecatalogne, to any applicant. 

Pianos and Organs sold for cash or easy payments; 

also rented. 


154Tremont St., Boston. 46 E. 14th St.(UnionSq.),N.Y. 
149 Wabash Ave., Chicago. 


Obtained, and all fAlKM hL>IM..-.'i at- 
tended to for MODERATE FEES Our office is 
opposite the U. S, Patent Oflice. and we can ob- 
tain Patent.s in less time than those remote from 
PHOTO of invention. We advise as to patent- 
ability free of charge and we make AC; CUARGE 

For circular, advice, terms and references to 
actual clients in your own .«lale. County. City or 
Town, write to i ' 


Opposite Falenl Office, Washington, U C. 



Secret Societies. 


A warning to the traveler and the 
unwary and a key to many mysteries 
— serviceable for both secretists and 
anti-secretists. "To be forewarned is 
to be forearmed." 

A sensation but a fact. Read and 
be convinced. Nine Illustrations. 

Postpaid, 15 cents. 
nationai:. christian association 

221 W.Madison St.. Chicago. 

Erais or \m hmm. 

1 1< 


The Full Illustrated Ritual 


Unwritten Work" 


Historical SItetch of the Order. 
Price 2S Cents. 


8S1 Ws8t Madison Street,CEICAGO. 

ThQ Master's Csrpst. 


Pa*t Muter of Krjnioiir> l.n<lci> No. ft3| 

Bxplatnii tho true source and raoaiiln.; cif pvHrj 
comiiony and njuibul ot tUt> Ixxlgo, thu- H, 

prliii'iiilps on which tho onlor :» f,": i 

tyiroful poruaal of tbin wurk, n iii' ,.i 

kuonrltxltre of the prlnolpli - ■> 
Uilue<l than by atteuiliuK i i 

Usfion. every p(<r!<i>n oi" a 

member, and eveu those wli.; ... . ..,,..,;,, . , ,.,i iim 

subject, should procure ami OHn-full)- read this wotk. 
An sppeudli !• Bdde<l of SU pA«;es euiliodjing 

Frocniasonry at a (Jlnuco, 

nblch gives every siirn. crip and oerpmony of me 
Lodtte toge'her with a lirli'f rxflanallnn of each. 
I'be work con'Alns {>. iwncea nud is «uli*laiitial.« 
and eletrmntir bound tu ololb. Price. 76 cents. 

National Christian Associstion, 

Sai W. Madison SC, €SUc««:o. 111. 



October 13, 188? 

Home and Health. 


Speaking of colds, I have a theory that 
no one ever need have one unless he 
chooses; in other words, that it is quite 
possible 80 to train the skin, that won- 
derful organ which is generally looked 
upon as the paper wrapper to our human 
bundle, as to render it non susceptible to 
sudden changes of temperature or at- 
mospheric moisture, whence colds come. 

And as this is exactly the season to 
commence such a system of peliar edu- 
cation, as it has proved effective in many 
instances within my own knowledge, and 
as it is within easy reach of every one to 
try, I write it here. The theory is that 
no skin that has been exposed freely for 
half an hour at the beginning of a day 
to a temperature lower than it will en- 
counter through the day, will note small 
changes or be affiiCted thereby. 

A cold is simply a nervous shock, re- 
ceived by the myriads of minute nerve 
terminals that bristle over the surface of 
the human body, transmitted to the cen- 
ters and so back again to mucous mem- 
brane, the peculiar seat of this special 
irritation. Let us then so train these sen- 
sitive fibres that they will pass by. unno- 
ticed, changes of atmospheric condition, 
and the matter is accomplished. — Amer- 
ican Magazine. 

Good Bread. — Among many kinds of 
bread which are good, there is only one 
for which I will give the rule. This is 
rye and Indian-meal bread, which I value 
very highly, and is made as follows: One 
coffee cup of yellow oorn meal; one cof- 
fee cup of rye flour; one half coffee-cup 
of white or entire wheat flour; one half 
teaspoonful of baking soda; one and one- 
half cups of sweet milk; one-half cup 
molasses; and half a teaspoonful of salt. 
Sift all the meal and flour and soda to- 
gether, then add the molasses and milk, 
beat well, and steam two hours. The 
steaming should be continuous, as the 
bread is likely to be heavy if it is not. 
This bread, with milk, makes a very 
healthful supper for many old folks and 
children. If stale it can be freshened by re- 
steaming, or moistening and placing in 
the oven for a few minutes. 

The bread made from entire wheat 
flour is far more wholesome than that 
made from white flour. The entire wheat 
furnishes the elements of -bone, which are 
removed from fine white flour. Old- 
fashioned Graham flour does not easily 
digest on account of its coarseness and 
the admixture of silicious bark. Entire 
wheat flour makes better breakfast cakes 
than any other, and can be used for any 
kind of cake that is necessary It pre- 
vents constipation. Oatmeal or some 
mush should be on every breakfast table. 
Fruit is also more desirable there than at 
other meals 

Coffee acts upon the brain as a stimu- 
lant, inciting it to increased activity and 
producing sleeplessness; hence it is of 
great value as an antidote to narcotic 
poisons It is also supposed to prevent 
too rapid waste in the tissues of the body, 
and in that way enables it to support life 
on less food. These effects are due to the 
volatile oil and also to a peculiar crys- 
tallizable nitrogenous principle, termed 
caffeine. The leaves of the plant like 
wise contain the same principle, and the 
inhabitants of the island of Sumatra pre- 
fer an infusion of the leaves to that of 
the berries. Its essential qualities are also 
greatly changefl, the heal causing the de- 
velopment of the volatilB oil and pecul- 
iar acid which gives aroma and flavor. 

A piece of zinc placed on the live coals 
in a hot stove will effectually clean out a 
stove pipe, th"! vapors produced carrying 
off soot by chemical decomposition. 

It is claimed that the juice of lemon 
squeezed into a cup of strong coffee will 
afford immediate relief in neuralgic head- 

A few leaves of green wormwood scat- 
tered where black ants congregate is said 
to be effectual in dislodging them. 

Wash your flalirons in soapsuds and 
dry thoroughly, if they at all trouble you 
by dropping black specks. 

Never have dark furniture in the kitch- 
en ; it shows dust much more than light, 
and requires double care. 

Tbe best way to hang up a broom is 
to screw a large picture ring into the top 
of the handle. 

Scald peaches and the skin can be re- 
moved much easier than by peeling with- 
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Taem Notes. 



The basis of stock breeding and the 
dairy should be permanent pastures and 
meadows. How to obtain these and re- 
tain them is the question. In some places, 
on alluvial lands, the answer is easy— by 
letting them alone, and occasionally sow- 
ing a little se^d in thinned out places, or 
scattering a little horse manure over such 
spots. In such soils it is natural for the 
grass to be retaiued, and it may list for a 
lifetime or a century. On uplands it is 
more difficult to keep land in grass with- 
out its killing out in the winter. This in- 
clination is more common with some 
kinds of grasses than with others. Here 
is JQSt where study should be made, and 
all the best means employed to do the best 
and to get the best results. I do not 
make it a rule to seed with oats, as the 
risks are too great of the seed catching 
well, and the cost is too much to admit of 
its waste. Large sums of money are lost 
in this way by the careless and unwise 
methods of seeding Spring wheat is 
the best spring crop to seed with, and 
barley next. The farmer makes a mis- 
take when he sows the grain as thickly 
with the seeding as he would without it. 
It is absurd to expect two good crops at^ 
the same time on the same ground Cio 
ver and timothy will often do well, es- , 
pecially if the season is a wet one, when"?"^^ "/ unregis- 
put in with a spring crop of grain. Th("*^g *« change 
other grasses, more delicate in their start 
will never do well with an oat crop, an condClase matter. 1 
not as well with any grain as when put i 
alone. In order to get a sure seeding 
and not run the risks of loss of labor an-usNOB : 
seed, all seeding should be done with wiiReform in East- 
ter grain, and the seed put ou both way York ; Evangel- 

as early in the spring as it is possible S ^5"° °?*' ^^^ 

M. ♦!, « ij T 1- 1 Pandemonium at 

walk over the field. I have sown clov.^g .fjjg j^ame of 

and timothy onthe topof bigsnowbanbTabooed by the 
and it did finely. The seed finds its wi_- ; For Canadian 
right down to the earth through the sno w " 
and ice, and gets bedded in the soil ready 
to start with the first growing weather, 
and to get a good root before any dry 
weather comes. These grasses are not 
suited for either a permanent pasture or 
meadow, and never should be put in with 
any such expectation. Clover may pos- 
sibly linger in rich spots for three years, 
but it generally follows its nature (bien- 
nial) and dies out in two years Timo- 
thy, under favorable conditions, when 
not pastured after mowing or left to get 
a good start in the autumn, may last a 
few years, but as a pasture grass it is very 
poor, and about the last grass to be sown. 
Notwithstanding the inefficiency of tim- 
othy as a grass for pasture, it is sown 
more commonly than any other. This is 
because of its cheapness and the little 
care most people think is necessary to put 
it in. It does better for a meadow and 
fills a place as a grass for hay no other 
can fill. 

For a lasting grass and to endure all the 
changes of weather and climate, I con- 
sider red top the best. All kinds of stock 
relish the hay, and also the pasture from 
it. It will outlive all other grasses, and 
afford twice as much pasture as timothy. 
Orchard grass I like for a pasture, on ac 
count of its earliness and constant gro wth. 
On good land it will furnish a new bite in 
three or four da7S after being eaten off. 
It is not so good for hay, as the stems are 
not thick enough, and unless 'cut just 
right it becomes woody. For an after- 
math no grass is equal to it. It must 
never be pastured later than September, 
or mown later than this, for it will winter 
kill. This has been my experience, but 
undoubtedly in a warmer climate, where 
the ground does not freezQ so hard, it 
might go through the winter with the 
crowns exposed. Such is not the case in 
latitude 43 ° . Our native blue grass 
(^Poa pratenaU) is valuable for pasture, 
as it is very early in starting, and grows 
all through the season. It is, however, 
80 natural to the soil, that it will make 
its appearance in abundance if not sown. 
Red top is also indigenous on some farms. 
It may be a now idea, but it is a pr.scti- 
cal one, to fit land designed for pasture 
or meadow in the fall, and to sow the 
seed. Wh'-n this can be done in August, 
it is an excellent plan, ar.d it may be done 
after the crop of spring grain has been 
taken off. This will ensure a successful 
catch. When not done by rhe first of 
September, it can be done so late that the 
seed will not germinate until spring, or 
the land may be fitted in the autumn, and 
the seed sown on top of the ground so 
u to be ready to start with the first warm 

days. Such seedlings may be utilized the 
first season, and the crop be thicker and 
far more productive than under the hap- 
hazard system of seeding with grain. — 
F. D. Cwtis, in Cultivator. 

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sdnrv. Showing (he character of the Instltullo* 
tiy Its terrible oaths and penalties. Paper covers; 
25 cents each; per dozen, V^.OO. 

Secret Societies. A discussion of their cb«k 
arl'-r and cla nii, '..y Kev Oavld McDllI, Prest. J. 
Hlanchard enu Ucv Kdward lleccbcr. ladoUl, 
15c. per dos. 9i K. >'apoT cover. 15c. Per dot. lUfr 

Prof. J. Q. Carson, D. D., on Secret 

SociKTiKs. A most convincing argument ngalnsi 
fellowshlplng Freemasons In the Christian church. 
10 cents each ; per doten, 76 cents. 

Socrel Socltftios, Anclont and Modem, 
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together in Cli'tli. JI tm eaoli ; per .lo.-.n, $'MX). 

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■tl W. Madlsw Si~ Okl— ^ m- 

Marratives and Ar^umentf!, show.n^ ^nt 
conflict ot secret societies with the Constltouco 
ai i laws of the Union and of '.t"-. States. B> 
Francis Semple The fact that sec socletlet m 
terfere with the execution and pervert the admmu 
tratlon of law Is bereciearlf proved. 16ceatseaca, 
oer dozen, tl 26. 

History Nat'l Chiistian Association. 

Its origin, .,oJi CI", what It has done aud aims to dc 
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Rituals and Secrets Illustrated, com 
posed of "Temple of Honor Illustrated," "Adop 
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Revised Odd-fello'wship Illustrated. 

The coinplite revised ritual of the Lodge, Encamp- 
ment and Uebokah (ladles') degrees, profusely illus- 
trated, and guaranteed to be strictly accurate; with 
a sketch of the origin, history and character of the 
order, over one hundred foot-note quotations from 
standard authorities, showing the character and 
teachings of the order, end an analysis of each de- 
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Odd-fellowship Judgred by Its Own utter 
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Sermon on Odd-fellO'WBhip and Other Se 
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very clear argument against secretism of all forms 
and the duty to dlsfellowshlp Odd-fellows, Freema- 
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tbelr own oubUcatlonj '0 '^n'* each: oer dosam 

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Sermon on Secret Societies. By Rev. 
Daniel Dow, Woodstock, Conn. The special u I 
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Wm. Morgan, for no other offense than the revela- 
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and no candid person, after reading this book, can 
Soubt that many of the most respectable Freema- 
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arlme. S5 cents eash; per dosea, 12.08. 

vudg'e Whitney's Defense before the. 
.jBAND Lodge of Ilmnoi* Judge Daniel H Whit 
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By Mrs. Louisa Walters. This Is a thrtlUngly Inter 
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Prest. H. E. Georg-e on Secret Societies 

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-not '%r. ra-^Mn-r^rvw (Vfrcrr^ '5J, 



October 13, 1887 

Nfws of The Week 


It is estimated that the reduction of 
the public debt for September will amount 
to $16,500,000. 

The annual report of the Commissioner 
of Pensions shows that there were at the 
close of the year 407,007 pensioners on 
the rolls. The amount paid was $73,- 

The Treasury Department has refused 
to audit the wine and cigar bills which 
were contracted at the Annapolis Naval 
Academy by Secretary Whitney and the 
board of visitors who accompanied him 
there. The bill, amounting to $352.12, 
was paid by Secretary Whitney himself. 
A statement prepared at the Treasury 
Department shows that during the month 
of September there was a net increase of 
$32,350,375 in circulation, and a net in- 
crease of $7,264,136 in the cash in the 

The Interior Department has decided 
to adhere to the rule already in force, not 
to issue permits to persons to enter the 
Indian Territory for hunting, fishing, etc., 
and has recently refused to issue permits 
on several requests. The action of the 
department is influenced by the objections 
of the Indians. Persons having impor- 
tant business in the Territory can pro- 
cure permits as heretofore. 

The special report of Commissioner 
Okie in regard to the Emigration Com- 
mission at New York City is said to rec- 
ommend a radical change in the methods 
of conducting immigration affairs at Cas- 
tle Garden. Secretary Fairchild has the 
matter under consideration and will act 
upon it in a few days. There is said to 
be great dissatisfaction over the present 
state of affairs, and the Treasury De 
partment is disposed to abrogate the con- 
tract with the present commissioners. 


An ordinance has been drafted for pre- 
sentation to the City Council, permitting 
suburban trains to run at increased speed 
through the city, providing the railway 
companies construct suitable viaducts, 
gates and guards for their tracks. 

Dr. Leonard St. John, Levi Dell, Cap- 
tain John Freer, and Captain John Irwin, 
charged with conspiracy to illegally res- 
cue William J. McGarigle, were called the 
other day before Judge Williamson in 
the Criminal Court. A temporary post- 
ponement was made of their trial. 


At Cincinnati, Ohio, Friday, Congress- 
men Butterworth and Erastus Winan 
addressed the merchants on the proposed 
commercial union between the United 
States and Canada. Both gentlemen fa- 
vored it. No measure since the war, it 
was urged, was of so much importance 
to the country as this was. 

A very successful exhibition was given 
of telegraphing to and from a train on 
the Lehigh Valley road, where the sys- 
tem is in operation. With the train go- 
ing a mile a minute messages were sent 
and news and stock quotations were hand- 
led perfectly, and the conductor was in- 
structed as to the running of his train. 

The first snow of the season in the 
valley commenced falling Thursday at 
Livingston, Montana. The ground was 
covered three inches deep. Snow fell on 
the mountains and the high peaks were 
coated while. 

Three intelligent, bright looking Swed- 
ish women, just arrived from the old 
country, took out their naturalization 
papers at Glidden, Wis., a few days ago. 
They were the first ever naturalized in 
this section. They have selected home- 
steads, and will engage in agricultural 
pursuits independent of masculines. 

Two cases of yellow fever were discov- 
ered Friday at Tampa, Fla., and one 
death from the disease is reported. Panic- 
stricken people are leaving the city hur- 
ridly. Later intelligence is that there 
are thirty cases, and that four deaths 
have occurred. Even the physicians, it 
Ib said, are seeking safety in flight. 

Ofllcers of the Western Union Tele- 
graph Company announce that the Balti- 
more andOhioTelegraph property has been 
bought by the former corporation, the 
consideration being $5,000,000, to be paid 
in Western Union stock. 

Mr. Robert Garrett, it is said, is angry 
at the sale of the B and O. Telegraph 
by the syndicate to the Western Union, 

and will fight the matter in the courts. 
He is credited with declaring that, before 
Mr. Gould secures legal possession of the 
lines, he will have to pay a much larger 
sum than $5,000,000. 

A decision was rendered by the Su- 
preme Court at Pittsburg, Pa , Monday, 
declaring that dealing in differences in 
the price of petroleum is gambling and 
illegal, and cannot be sustained in a court 
of justice. 

Sioux City's Corn Palace was formally 
opened Monday night. The structure is 
composed entirely of products of the field, 
and is both beautiful and unique. The 
jubilee festival will continue all the week. 

An accommodation train on the Louis- 
ville, New Albany and Chicago road was 
wrecked by a cow Monday morning at 
Salem, Ind , all the passengers being 
more or less hurt. It is believed that two 
persons are fatally hurt. 

The rush of water through a hole dug 
by a muskrat in a canal bank near Nash- 
ua, N. H., swept away a portion of the 
the embankment, resulting in a flood that 
swept away trees, fences, etc. The mills 
were compelled to shut down, and 3,000 
persons will be out of work until repairs 
can be made. 

The remains of thirteen infants were 
found Thursday at Toledo, Ohio, in a 
cistern on piemises formerly occupied b^^ 
a midwife, who has been arrested. Tl^ 
police are investigating the matter. i — 

Ephraim Howe's diatillery at New Yor 
was destroyed by fire Thursday morninj 
the loss reaching $175,000. The greate^ 
excitement prevailed among the occij 
pants of a hotel and a tenament adjoi^ 
ing the blazing building, but no persOks 
was injured. 

The boiler in the engine room of t^^ g. 
George P. Plant Milling Company's flos'. 
mill at St. Louis exploded Monday, kil 
ing four men and a woman and dangei^ie^ 
ously wounding the engineer and a little 
girl. Pieces of the flying boiler wrecked 
a two story dwelling and a livery stable. 

Fire Wednesday forenoon destroyed 
the great oat meal mill of Douglas and 
Stuart at Cedar Rapids, Iowa. An ex- 
plosion in the elevator in the third story, 
which riddled it as if struck by lightning, 
was followed by a fire that went to all 
parts of the mill quickly. It is believed 
the fire was caused by electricity, result- 
ing from friction in the elevator leg. 

The propeller California, laden with 
24,000 bushels of corn and 800 barrels of 
pork, ran aground Wednesday morning 
just ofE St. Helena's Island . There were 
twenty seven people on board; fourteen 
were saved and thirteen lost. The boat 
is a total wreck. 


Berlin dispatches announce that the 
triple alliance, so long desired by Italy, 
has been consummated, by which Rus- 
sia's ambitious schemes have been frus- 
trated, and Italy has gained a prestige she 
has always lacked. The London dis- 
patches represent that consternation was 
caused at St. Petersburg when the alli- 
ance became known. The alliance is re- 
garded as a menace to Russia, and the 
peace of Europe is assured for the pres- 

The Nautical Society of Hamburg has 
offered a prize of 500 marks for the best 
essay on the subject of calming the sea 
by the use of oil. 

The Gaulois states that the Grand 
Duke Nicholas of Russia declared recent- 
ly that when the occasion arose he and a 
number of other Russians would join the 
French army. 

Owing to the almost daily shocks of 
earthquake at Santiago de Cuba, a panic 
has seized the inhabitants, and business 
is almost completely suspended. 

$250 in cash! 3 Worcester's and 3 
Webster's Dictionaries, worth $89, and 
4 Dictionary Holders, worth $15,50, given 
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with amazement at the intimate acquaintance 
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The C TJifOS ZTTZ-E" represents the Christian movement against 
the Secret Lodge System; discusses fairly and fearlessly the 
various movements of the lodge as they appear to public view, 
and reveals the secret machinery of corruption in politics, 
courts, and social and religious circles. 

There are in the United States 

/Some 200 different Lodges, 
With 2,000 000 members, 
Costiiig $20,000 000 yearly. 

This mighty world power confronts the church and seeks to 
rule and ruin every Christian Reform. 

No Christian Reform Movement of the day is so necessary, 
yet so unpopular and beset with difficulties, as that which would ' 
remove the dark pall of oaths, dark-lantern meetings, secret 
signs, mysterious and pagan worship about altars condemned 
by the Word of the Living God. 

No other paper gives the best of Its correspondence and edi- 
torial strength to this vitally Important reform. The C TNO- 
S UHE should be your paper In addition to any other you may 

Because it is the representative of the reform against the 
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es, letters from lecturers, seceders and sufferers from lodge per- 
secution. The ablest writers on this subject from all denomina- 
tions and all parts of the country contribute. Special depart- 
ments for letters from our metropolitan centers, on the relation 
of secret, orders to ciirreid events. 

The C YNOS URE began Its twentieth volume September 22, 
1887. with features of special and popular Interest. 

TERMS: $2.00 per year; strictly in advance, $L50. Special 
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To be Issued before January 1st.. 1888. 

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The Complete lUvstraled Ritual of all the Degrees of the Scotch Rite, including 
the 33d and last Degree, and an Historical sketch of the Order. The first three De- 
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Lodge Degrees, are common to all the Rites, so the Scot<;h Rite Exci.u8ivet.y covers 
30 Degrees (4th to 33d inclusive. "Fkekmasonry Illustrated" and "Knight 
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Christian Cynosure. 

'IS aaORBT HAVE 1 8AID NOTHINQ."—Jema Christ. 

Vol. XX., No. 5, 


Wholi No. 912. 



S21 Weat MadUon Street, Chicago. 

i. P. STODDARD, ^ Gbnbrai- Agbot 

w. i. phillips ^ publishbb. 

sxibscbiption pbb tbab |2.00. 

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W9^No paper discontinued unless so requested by the 
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Entered at the PoBt-office at Chlcas;o, 111., as Second ClasBmatter.] 


Bditobial : 

Notes and Comments 1 

Dr. Howard Crosby 8 

The Powderly Meeting. . . 8 


Moral Heroes— Elijah P. 

Lovejoy 1 

Bundo 2 

Secret Societies vs. the 

Church 2 

Sblbcted : 

New York Anarchists 3 

Press Comment 9 

Rbtobm Nbws : 
Missouri Meetings ; Up 
and Down In Alabama ; 
The Minnesota State 

Meeting 4,5 

BiBLB Lbsson 6 

Boston Lbtteb 9 

Unearthing Secret Society 
Murders in MiBsisslppl... 9 

In Bbibf 7 

The N. C. A 7 

Cobbbspondbnob : 
National Reform In East- 
ern New York ; Evangel- 
ists who Shun not the 
Truth ; Pandemonium at 
Columbus ;The Name of 
Christ Tabooed by the 
G. A. R. ; For Canadian 
Methodists ; Pith and 

Point 5,6 

Chubch vs. Lodge 7 

Seokbt Societies Con- 
demned 7 

Lecture List 7 

The Home 10 

Temperance 11 

Religious News 12 

Literature 12 

Lodge Notes 13 

Business 13 

Markets 13 

Home and Health 14 

Farm Notes 15 

News op thb Wbbk 16 

The Attorney General of Kansas lets the part of 
bis business relating to prohibition care for itself. 
Two cases against saloon-keepers which had been 
decided in their favor by State courts had been car- 
ried up to the United States Supreme court. The 
Kansas officer read the other day in the papers that 
the case had been called and Senator Vest of Mis- 
souri and a New York lawyer named Choate had 
argued for the saloons and the case had been sub- 
mitted in this one-sided maimer. Attorney General 
Bradford claims that he did not know, etc., but it 
would be well for Kansas prohibitionists to find out 
whether he is a Freemason or is incompetent. 

The Crown Prince Frederick of Germany has 
been an inveterate smoker, and for months he has 
been suffering from a throat disease similar to that 
which killed General Grant. The best physicians of 
Europe have assisted to prevent its progress, but 
the latest report indicates a fatal result, as it is ad- 
mitted that the disease is tobacco cancer, and incur- 
able. This report gives alarm. The aged Emperor 
must soon yield to his first conqueror as well as 
last, and a peaceful successor was promised in 
Prince Frederick; but if he, too, is cut off his eldest 
son William, a young man of 28, known to be of an 
impetuous, bold and fiery temper, whose ambition 
cast into the trembling balance of European affairs, 
would plunge again the world in mourning for the 
wastes of war. 

George W. Cable, the eloquent and brave South- 
erner, whose lectures and novels are only surpassed 
by his magazine articles which have contributed so 
much to the overthrow of the caste spirit in the 
South, has since his removal from New Orleans to 
Northampton, Mass., been a successful teacher of a 
Bible class. He has just taken charge of the great 
Bible study in Tremont Temple, Boston. This 
Union Bible class is one of the unique features of 
that city. Some yjears ago Dr. R. R. Meredith, pas- 
tor of the Union Congregational church, began a 
Saturday afternoon Bible study in his own church. 
His gifts seemed to be exceptional and the class 
grew till it filled Tremont Temple with 3,000 mem- 
bers, and a salary of $10,000 it is reported was made 
up by subscription. Dr. Meredith lately accepted 

a call to the Tompkins Avenue pulpit, Brooklyn, 
made vacant by the re-entering upon the work of 
an evangelist by Dr. George F. Pentecost, and the 
big class has been at a loss for a teacher. Brilliant 
and versatile as Mr, Cable is in literature, the new 
work is yet an experiment with him, and he will 
find it a tax upon all his resources of Biblical in- 
formation, enthusiasm and devotion such as few 
men can endure and succeed. The establishment of 
such classes in all our cities, led by godly men who 
stand with Christ against all the world's evils, 
would mark a blessed era in the Christian church. 

(See page 8.] " 

The code of Illinois allowing the marriage bond 
to be annulled by a single judge, for many reasons 
unknown in the moral law, Chicago courts are noto- 
rious divorce mills. But if divorce is often easy, it 
is sometimes a thorny and dangerous way out of 
wedlock. Sabbath noon as Dr. Withrow's congre- 
gation was leaving the Third Presbyterian church 
on Ashland and Ogden Avenues, the swelling organ 
notes were stopped by the sharp crack of a revolver, 
five times discharged into the body of Mr. S. W. 
Rawson, a well-known and reputable banker, presi- 
dent of the Union Trust Company. More than a 
year ago Mr. Rawson began suit for divorce from 
his third wife whom he claims is an adventuress and 
perhaps worse. She is at least a fighting female, 
and has succeeded in defeating Rawson's efforts so 
far. She had a grown-up son by a former marriage, 
and whether she persuaded him to the deed or not, 
he at least appeared before the church and as Raw- 
son stepped upon the street shot him down. He 
meant -to kill; and has probably succeeded. His 
death will settle the suit and secure a widow's por- 
tion to a seemingly unworthy woman. 

The clamor of labor societies gave us a law against 
"contract laborers, which it seems reaches farther 
than its framers intended. Some time ago the 
Collector at New York obliged a Scotch gar- 
dener who had been engaged in Scotland to 
come over and work for a gentleman in this 
country, to go back to Scotland, because he 
came under the provision of the law of Congress 
prohibiting the importation of "contract laborers." 
J. S. Kennedy, president of the St. Andrews Soci- 
ety, endeavored in vain to get the man ashore. 
Chinese and others have also been sent back under 
this law. But now there is a new application of the 
law. Rev. E. Walpole Warren has been en- 

gaged in England to come over and become rector 
of the Holy Trinity Episcopal church in New York, 
of which Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, Jr., was formerly 
pastor. Mr. Kennedy wants the law enforced against 
Mr. Warren, because he, too, was brought over under 
a contract to serve the church mentioned. On 
his appeal U. S. District Attorney Walker has de- 
cided that Mr. Warren's case comes under the ob- 
noxious law, and it is his duty to bring suit against 
the church and the captain of the vessel on which 
the clergyman sailed. This is a beautiful law. The hye- 
nas of anarchy have no check to their landing, nor 
do any of the lazzaroni class, but men who come to 
work, and paupers who are able and willing to work 
are, as it were, kicked off the docks. Such disgrace 
comes of blindly following a popular clamor raised 
by secret orders. 




Late in the autumn of 1837 appalling tidings 
swept through the country, from the Mississippi to 
the Atlantic, that caused men to hold their breath, 
and their hearts to stop beating, as if suddenly ar- 
rested by an earthquake. Across tbe broad prairies 
and over the mountains the terrible tidings were 
borne that Liberty, liberty of the press, the plat- 
form and pulpit, so sweet to the American people, 
whose praises had been sung by the million; for the 
security of which our fathers had plunged into the 
horrors of a seven years' war; the liberty purchased 
at such a cost had been ruthlessly stricken down 
and silenced in the person of one of her chief stand- 
ard-bearers and defenders. 

Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy, knowing that an assault 
was about to be made by the enemies of freedom, 
sprang into the deadly breach. There be lay — the 
martyr in his blood — cold, still, dead, on the bank 
of the Father of waters, at Alton, Illinois. All over 
the North men were transfixed with horror! It was 
an epoch in the annals of the nation, and to this day 
the force of that shock is not allayed by those who 
felt it. As I rehearse the record, the same anguish 
rushes over me: the tears start to my eyes again, 
and I sit stunned at the recital as I did fifty years 
ago. It was the crime of the South against liberty. 
Heaven held back the avenging blow for a little 
space to make the descent surer. 

A score of editorials in the Observer, of which Mr. 
Lovejoy was editor, lie before me. I have read 
them with the profoundest interest, not onl}' be- 
cause of the martyrdom of the writer, but because 
of their power to arouse the emotions into conflagra- 
tion. No doubt the terrible charges against the fla- 
grant wrongs in these articles against Southern slav- 
ery were the occasion of the deadly hate that noth- 
ing but his blood could appease. Surely the man 
that God raised up to warn the nation of coming 
judgment, and to be a swift witness against it, must 
have been clothed with tremendous energy and fear- 
lessness from above. 

The history of this blessed martyr, from his child- 
hood to his death, furnishes ample demonstration 
that the minions of oppression selected no ordinary 
victim in whose blood to imbue their murderous 

Elijah P. Lovejoy was born 1802, at Albion, in 
the eastern part of Massachusetts, which in 1820 
became the State of Maine. At an early age he ex- 
hibited in a marked degree the qu-ilities of his 
Scotch descent of courage, firmness and persever- 
ance. He had a memory of marvelous retention. 
By one hearing of the letters of the alphabet, from 
his mother, he memorized them all. At four years 
there shone out his remarkable passion for knowl- 
edge. Before he was five years old he was a fluent 
reader of the Bible. He could repeat many of the 
Psalms of David, and Watts's hymns almost with- 
out number. Through the whole of his youth he 
was a diligent reader of books. His remarkable 
physical powers were shown in his having no equal 
in his neighborhood for distance in swimming and 
depths in diving. 



OcroBBR 20, 1887 

He graduated at Waterville College in 1826 with 
the highest honors of his class. One year later he 
turned his eyes and steps towards the new West, 
and paused not till he had placed 2,000 miles be- 
tween "his lone heart and the fondly cherished 
home of his childhood." At St. Louis he took 
charge of a school, in which he continued until an 
editor's chair was offered him, which he accepted 
and entered upon what he regarded as the highway 
to political elevation. But Providence had proposed 
a life very unlike to that for this child of many 
prayers, who in his infancy had been consecrated 
by his parents to the service of the "covenant-keep- 
ing God." 

In 1832 St, Louis was visited by an extensive re- 
vival of religion, during which a fundamental 
change was wrought in the character and purposes 
of our subject. It would be a dull sensibility in- 
deed that could read the letters that passed between 
the son and his parents during and after this great 
change, without their emotions rising beyond con- 
trol. From one of these letters I make a single ex- 

"I wrote you four weeks since, and as you will have 
learned from that letter, was in a state of deep distress . 
Sorrow had taken hold upon me, and a sense of my long 
career in sin and rebellion against God lay heavy upon 
my soul. But it pleased God, and blessed be his holy 
name, to grant me, as I humbly hope, that very night joy 
and peace in believiog. I was, by divine grace, enabled 
to bring all my sins and all my sorrows and lay them at 
the feet of Jesus, and to receive the blessed assurance that 
he had accepted me.all sinful and polluted as I was. And 
surely you may well join with me in saying that nothing 
but a miracle of sovereign mercy could have arrested and 
saved me from eternal perdition. 

"My dear parents, I can see you now, after having 
read thus far, shedding tears of joy over the return of 
your prodigal son." 

liere is a specimen of an exquisite poem of four 

"There Is a fire that bums on earth, 
A pure and holy flame ; 
It came to men from heavenly birth. 
And Btill It Is the same. 
As when It bnrned the chords along, 
That bare the first born seraph's song- 
Sweet as the hymn of gratitude 
That swelled to heaven when 'all was good.' 
No passion in the choirs above 
Is purer than a mother's love." 

Soon after Mr. Lovejoy entered upon this new and 
divine life, he left the editorial sanctum for a place 
in a theological seminary, where he remained until 
the spring of 1833, when he spent a few months 
preaching in Rhode Island and New York city. By 
the urgent request of friends in St. Louis, he once 
more set his face for the West, to take charge of a 
religious paper, the St. Louis Observer. 

"I came not" said the great Teacher, "to send 
peace upon the earth, but a sword." Here is a 
Christian editor, who had seen with his own eyes 
the horrors and wrongs of the bondman, and the 
aggressive spirit of a false religion, seeking not 
only the overthrow of Protestantism, but its own 
national supremacy; and into his very nature was 
ingrained the law and spirit of justice and equity. 
How could he but unsheathe the sword of the Lord, 
and strike home upon these enemies of Q-od and 
men. Of course these blows aroused the deadly 
hate of evil-doers and the purpose to destroy the 
disturber of their peace. The war thus inaugurated 
raged with relentless fury for about three years. 

The productions of his pen during these years 
would fill volumes. I insert here only a few sen- 

"I im accused of being an Abolitionist and threatened 
with violence. / expeet it. 1 expect to be lynchtd or 
tarred and feathered, or it may be hung up. There is a 
burning hatred on the part of the popish priests and 
their minions, which would delii?ht in quenching itself 
in my blood. And nothing would be more convenient for 
it than lo execute its purposes under the mask of opposi 
lion to abolition. I have known for some months that I 
was in danger from the hand of violence, but the matter 
is now about to come to a crisis. In the Observer I shall 
come out openly and fearlessly, and, as I hope, in pucb a 
manner as becomes a servant of Jesus Christ when de- 
fending his cauje. Whatever may be the consequences, 
I trust that through the grace of God I am prepared to 
meet them, even unto death itself. My enemies are open 
and fierce in their threats, but I can truly say I was never 
more calm. I have fa£t*d and prayed. I am sure I have 
found the path of duty, and I am determined that all the 
fury of men and devils shall not drive me from it. Under 
a deep sense of my obligations to my country, my church, 
and my God I declare it to he my fixed purpose to sub- 
mit to no dictation, and I am prepared to abide (he conse- 
quences. I can die at my pout, but I cannot desert It. I 
▲PFSAL TO God." 

About this time a friend wrote him, "It does 
seem as though the devil, knowing that his time is 

Nelson, G-eorge B. Cheever, and Elijah P. Lovejoy." 
Three times, in the latter part of these years, his 
press had either been destroyed or thrown into the 
river. Driven from St. Louis, he went, by request, 
to Alton. Passing many events that transpired 
here, we hasten to the finale of the awful tragedy 
which soon took place. 

His enemies were stung to madness, and driven 
to desperation by the terrors of the printing-press; 
and blinded by their fears and passions, tiiey could 
see nothing in the lofty patriotism or benevolence 
that burned in the soul of their intended victim, 
either to admire or to turn them back from their 
deadly purpose. The Missouri Republican and other 
papers did all in their power to intensify this mur- 
derous hate, and to consummate the purpose of 
Lovejoy's death. The mob, not content with de- 
stroying several of his presses, sacked his office and 
destroyed his household furniture. 

Here we must drop the order of events, to say 
that in March, 1835, Mr. Lovejoy married a lady, 
who, in every qualification, was not only worthy of 
him, but that fitted her for the fearful ordeal through 
which they were both to pass. With a love that was 
supreme, and the heart of a martyr, she stood by 
her husband like a rock, through all the conflict. 
And when the air was heavy with threats of assas- 
sination, when he was spurned, hated and reviled, 
she clung to him the more closely and devotedly. 
And never by a single word did she attempt to turn 
him from the scene of warfare and danger. But 
the day of greater trial was near at hand. 

In October, 1837, Mr. Lovejoy preached morning 
and evening in the Presbyterian pulpit at St. Charles, 
the home of Mrs. Lovejoy's mother. Before leaving 
the church a young man slipped this note into his 
"Be watchful as you leave the church to-night." 
The pastor of the church, and a few friends ac- 
companied him to the home of his mother-in-law. 
About 10 o'clock, as they were conversing, the mob 
rushed up the outside stairs, and into the room, 
seized Mr. Lovejoy, and "with oaths and blood-chill- 
ing imprecations, swore they would have his heart 
out." The noise brought Mrs. Lovejoy from an ad- 
Joining room, where she was caring for her sick 
child. I 

She rushed through the mob, and clasping her ' 
husband, while they were endeavoring to drag him 
from the room, she smote them in the face right and 
left, telling them they must first take her before 
they could have her husband. Her mother and sis- 
ter came to her aid, and succeeded in driving the 
mob out of the house. 

Before the month passed, the fourth press was 
secured and shipped to Alton, and stored in a ware- 
house. The leaders of the St. Charles mob hearing 
of this, came to Alton and gathered another mob to 
destroy the press. Learning this, Mr. Lovejoy and 
a few friends went to the place to guard the press. 
In vain he declared his right, secured by the solemn 
sanction of the constitution — "a right I do not ex- 
pect to relinquish so long as life lasts." "I can 
make no concessions, even though my life be the 

He was delivering his last speech on earth. It 
was solemn and pathetic. One who was present 
said, "I cannot describe his manner. It was firm 
and decided. He knew he was in the midst of those 
who were seeking his blood. He had been all day 
communing with God. His whole appearance indi- 
cated a mind in a peculiarly heavenly frame. He 
presented a spectacle of moral sublimity such as I 
had never before witnessed." 

An anti-slavery convention, called by 260 leading 
citizens of Illinois, had unanimously said that the 
Observer should be maintained at Alton. But these 
blood-thirsty minions could bo satisfied with nothing 
but the life of the man of God, whom they hated. 
The shivering earth, the bursting tombs, the rent 
vail, and the darkened sun were not enough to 
soften the hearts of the reprobates who murdered 
God's Messiah. Nor could any power on earth ap- 
pease the rage of these legitimate children of the 
devil. Unable to drive the defenders of the press 
out, they fired the building. Those from within 
went out and drove them away. 

The mob then went to a rum-shop to nerve their 
courage with liquor. But evil doers are cowards; 
they therefore hid behind a pile of lumber, and like 
savage beasta waited for their victim to come out. 
Mr. Lovejoy, thinking they had dispersed, opened 
the door and was instantly fired upon from a two- 
barrel gun. Seven balls struck him, three In his 
breast, two in his left, and one in his right side, and 
one in his abdomen. He retreated into the room 
and fell, exclaiming, "Oh God, I am shot;" and in a 
few momenta expired. 
To the eternal disgrace of Alton, it must be 

ble citizens were passive witnesses of the doings of 
that mob of murderers. 

"The awful tidings fell upon Mrs. Lovejoy like 
an arrow piercing her heart." She remained in a 
swoon several days. On her recovery she was calm 
but wept much. She said she hoped she might live 
to train up her infant son, Edward Payson, to imi- 
tate his father. 

Just thirty-five years from the day of his birth, 
the martyr was buried by a few friends, between 
two large oak trees, one at his head and one at his 
feet. Many of the Northern papers condemned the 
murder in tones of thunder, but the South gloried 
in her shame. 




The first case which was tried at the opening of 
the present sessions (Sierra Leone) was .one of as- 
sault by eight female defendants — Bundo women — 
on one Jane Davis, a girl of fourteen years of age, 
whom they seduced and partly initiated into the 
mysteries of their craft against her will, as alleged: 
and occupied nearly two days, resulting in a verdict 
of guilty against four of the defendants, two of 
whom were sentenced to one month's and the others 
to two months' imprisonment. — Artizan. 

The above is from a Sierra Leone paper and 
shows at once the power of African secret societies, 
and how they are regarded by civilized government. 
It would be an excellent thing if those who initiate 
men in Freemasonry, who pretend to kill men and 
raise them to a "living perpendicular," could be 
brought before courts of Justice and treated in like 
manner. It is greatly to be hoped that there will be 
speedily such cases before our courts and that 
heathenism in America may have the same respect 
as it does in Africa. 

■hnrf hn.4 ,r^.n<> ^^«.» <^ ^. *_ li... a,- "^ — '" ' ■"' ""^ ^»~*i*». wiogiuvo Kji .fxiiwu, n uiuB'j utf ulty. 'Tho hcatheu temples,' 

■hort, had come down In great wrath to afflict David pa««ed down to pc»t«rity that hundr«d^ of reipeota- fo oon»tructGd that their liagtb WM directed towurd 



"And he brought me Into the Inner court of the Lord's honse, 
and behold at the door of the temple of the Lord, between the 
porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their 
backs toward the temple of the Lord and their faces toward the 
east; and they worshiped the sun toward the east." Ezra 8 : 16. 

A request was recently made in the Christian 
Cynosure that all anti-secret pulpits would present 
the influence of secret societies on the church. 1 
shall endeavor to comply with that request. 

If we examine the ancient heathen religions we 
find that secrecy formed a leading element in them. 
They had what they termed the mysteries, which 
were revealed to none save the fully initiated. In 
fact, in those religions we have the root of modern 

We shall speak more particularly of Masonrj', be- 
cause it is the mother of the secret societies of to- 
day. The main parts of its ritual are taken from 
the ancient sun worship. We lay down this propo- 
sition: Masonry directly antagonizes the church of 

1. It claims to be a religion. This can be proved 
from its own accepted authorities. Let us call 
Mackey, one of the highest of these, to the stand. 
In his Masonic Ritualist, or Monitorial Instructions 
in the degrees from Entered Apprentice to Select 
Master, we find that Masonry has its stated prayers. 
Mackey gives a great many of them. Then we find 
that it has hymns; also that it has funeral ceremo- 
nies. It buries its dead with religious rites. lu 
Christian lands they introduce Scripture readinga 
into their ceremonies. 

The lodge has three movable Jewels, the Hough 
Ashlar, the Perfect Ashlar, and the Trestle Board, 
Mackey gives an explanation of these, of which the 
following is a part; "By the Rough Ashlar we artj 
reminded of our rude and imperfect state by nature, 
by the Perfect Ashlar, that state of perfection at 
which we hope to arrive by a virtuous education, our 
own endeavors, and the blessing of God." Again, 
Mackey says, "Although Freemasonry is indebted 
for its origin to its religious and philosophic char- 
acter," etc. "As Masons we are taught never to 
commence any great or important undertaking with 
out first invoking the blessing and protection of De- 
ity, and this is because Masonry Is a religious Insti- 
tution". ... In one of their hymns they sing, 
"Hail Masonry divine." Masonry has more than 
once administered the sacrament of baptism. 

Its worship is sun worship. Mackey says, "The 
orientation of lodges, as their position due east and 
west, is derived from the universal custom of antiq- 

says Dudley, 'were 

OOTOBBB 20, 1887 



the east, and the entrance was by a portico at the 
■western front, where the altar stood, so that the vo- 
taries, approaching for the performance of religious 
rites, directed their faces toward the east, the quar- 
ter of sunrise.' The primitive reason of this cus- 
tom undoubtedly is to be found in the early preva- 
lence of sun worship." Mackey says that learned 
Masons have been "always disposed to go beyond 
the mere technicalities and stereotyped phrases of 
the lectures, and to look in the history and the phi- 
losophy of the ancient religions, and the organiza- 
tion of the ancient mysteries, for a true explanation 
of most of the symbols of Masonry, and there they 
have always been enabled to find this true interpret- 

In the Entered Apprentice degree they have what 
is called the Rite of Circumambulation. Mackey 
says by way of explanation, "Among the Hindoos 
the rite of circumambulation was always practiced 
as a religious ceremony; and a Brahmin, on rising 
from his bed in the morning, having first adored the 
sun, while directing his face to the east, then pro- 
ceeds by the way of the south to the west, exclaim- 
ing at the same time, 'I follow the course of the 

He then refers to the ceremony as practiced by 
the Druids, and then adds, "Hence we find in the 
universal prevalence of this ceremony, and in the 
invariable mode of passing from the east to the 
west by the way of the south, a pregnant evi- 
dence of the common source of all these rites from 
some primitive origin, to which Freemasonry is also 
indebted for its existence. The circumambulation 
among, the pagan nations was referred to the great 
doctrine of Sabaism, or sun worship. Freemasonry 
alone has preserved the primitive meaning.". . . . 

Let the reader carefully consider these declara- 
tions of Mackey (we could give many more), and 
then say whether it be true that Freemasonry Is a 
religious institution, and its worship sun worship? 

2. It claims to regenerate and save men. In this 
it makes a higher claim than the true church has 
ever made. Christ did not establish the church as 
a regenerating institution. He has not taught us to 
depend upon it as such. He has taught us that re- 
generation is a purely divine act, the act of the Holy 

Let us see what Masonry claims according to 
Mackey. I can give only one quotation. He says: 
"The lodge is, then, at the time of the reception of an 
Entered Apprentice, a symbol of the world, and the 
initiation is a type of the new life upon which the 
candidate is about to enter. There he stands with- 
out our portals, on the threshold of this new Ma- 
sonic life, in darkness, helplessness and ignorance. 
Having been wandering amid the errors and covered 
over with the pollutions of the outer and profane 
world, he comes inquiringly to our doors, seeking 
the new truth, and asking a withdrawal of the vail 
which conceals divine truth from his uninitiated 

Can a Christian knowingly submit to such degra- 

"There is to be, not simply a change for the 
future, but also an extinction of the past, for initia- 
tion is, as it were, a death to the world and a res- 
urrection to anew life." "Now this new birth should 
be accompanied with some ceremony to indicate 
symbolically, and to impress upon the mind this 
disruption of old ties and formation of new ones. 
Hence the impression of this idea is made by the 
symbolism of the shock at the entrance. The world 
is left behind — the chains of error and ignorance 
which had previously retained the candidate in moral 
Intellectual captivity are to be broken — the portal of 
the temple has been thrown widely open, and Masonry 
stands before the neophyte in alltheglory of its form 
and beauty, to be fully revealed to him, however, only 
when the new birth has been completely accom- 
plished. Shall this momentous occasion be passed 
unnoticed? Shall this great event— the birth in the 
Masonic life of the aspirant— ha\e no visible or 
audible record? Shall the entrance for the first 
time into the lodge — the birth, as it has Justly been 
called into Masonry — be symbolized by no outward 
sign?. . . .Or, rather, shall not all the Sons of Light 
who witness the impressive scene feel like the chil- 
dren of Korah, who, when released from the captiv- 
ity of Babylon, and once more returning to the 'Tem- 
ple, exclaimed, in the outburst of their grateful ]oy,'0 
clap your hands, all ye people; shout unto God with 
the voice of triumph.' The snocK oF entranok is, 
then, the symbol of the disruption of the candidate 
from the ties of the world, and his introduction into 
the life of Masonry. It it the tymbol of the, agoniet 
of the fi,rtt death and of the throe* of the new birth." 

Reader, can anything be clearer than that, to show 
its olaims? 

8. It endeavors to lilence the testimony of the 
ohnroh against it Macksy calls these outslds 

"cowans," to intimate that they belong to the pro- 
face. Many a pastor who desired to be faithful in 
declaring the whole counsel of God has been com- 
pelled to leave his pulpit by Masonry. The weapons 
which Christ has put in the hands of bis followers 
"are not carnal, but spiritual." The weapons of the 
lodge are not spiritual, but carnal, exceedingly car- 
carnal. Hence it is evident whence comes the in- 
spiration of the lodge; not from above, but from 
beneath; not from Christ, but from the devil. "By 
their fruits ye shall know them." 

4. It renders church members, over whom it gains 
control, very careless and indifferent as to their 
Christian duties. A "bright Mason" is never an 
active, working member of the church. Such has 
been my observation; and I have yet to hear of 
the first case to the contrary. I know a congregation 
that is very lifeless. A pastor who labored hard to 
awaken an earnest Christian spirit in it, for six or 
eight years, left it, despairing of any good from it. 
What Is the trouble? Simply this, it is completely 
lodge ridden. The lodge rules. No man can serve 
two masters. 

6. It rejects the Head of the church, the Author 
of Christianity. None of its prayers given by 
Mackey are in the name of Christ It leaves his 
name out of the Scripture passages that are used in 
the lodge. Mackey says that "the ornaments of the 
lodge are the Mosaic Pavement, the Indented Tres- 
sel and the Blazing Star." He gives the following 
explanation: "The Blading Star is said by Webb to 
be 'commemorative of the star which appeared to 
guide the wise men of the East to the place of our 
Saviour's nativity.' This, which is one of the an- 
cient interpretations of the symbol, being consid- 
ered as too sectarian in its character, and unsuitable 
to the universal religion of Masonry, has been omit- 
ted since the meeting of Grand Lecturers at Balti- 
more in 1842." I confess that I never knew before 
that anything that pointed to the Saviour was sec- 
tarian I 

So careful are they to keep the Lord Jesus Christ 
out of the lodge that, in at least one degree, as 
Mackey tells us, they date their documents "A. L." 
{Anno Luds, in the year of light); or "A. Inv." 
{Anno Inventionit, in the year of the discovery). 

What must the influence of such an institution be 
on the church? Have we not proved our proposi- 
tion that Masonry directly antagonizes the church f 



Henry Guy Carleton having volunteered to inves- 
tigate anarchism in New York, the World sent him 
forth in the dead of night seeking whom he might 
devour. Aided by disguises and the like diabolical 
arts, he ingratiated himself upon a select circle of 
these gentry and brought away a story which In- 
spector Byrne pronounced tolerably accurate. Af- 
ter midnight Thursday morning a week ago, says 
Mr. Carleton, speaking of one of his newly found 
blood-drinking friends, I accompanied him to his 
lodgings on Eldridge Street, near Houston. It was 
in a tenement house, and he lived on the third floor, 
back. The filth of the place, the damp, unwhole- 
some smell, the dingy walls, the squalling of hungry 
babies, the querulous voices of women and the curses 
of drunken men stumbling up the creaking stair- 
way were the accompanimonts of the story. I gave 
him a quarter to buy a bucket of beer, and with 
that and a solitary candle between us he gave me 
his first lesson in the principles of anarchism. We 
had many talks afterward. Much I drew out of 
him by questions, and some things he gave in full 
of which I only give part, for reasons which will be 
found below. 

"We Anarchs come from the organisation which 
had its real beginning in Europe some twenty years 
ago. A general dissatisfaction existed among the 
working classes, and under La Salle and Karl Marx 
secret organizations were formed condemnlug the 
lukewarm measures employed by the social democ- 
racy and advising the use of force. We were then 
called the 'National German Workingmen's Union,' 
but in secret we were not for government but for 
nongovernment, and soon were called 'Anarchists.' 

"Among our theories we claimed that Christ was 
an Anarchist, as he opposed and disapproved of the 
rulings and dictation of the Roman kings. La Salle, 
after starting the movement, became appalled at the 
methods advised by the Anarchists, and finally 
drifted back to the Social Democrat movement He 
was killed afterward in a duel about a woman. 
About this time Herr Moat, and others since de- 
deased or executed, took the lead in all our con- 
gresses and meetings, which were usually held in 
secret, in Switserland. We were finally routed out 

of existence by the German Government Most, 
after being repeatedly imprisoned, was forced to 
emigrate. Others who had attempted to execute 
measures of force were tried and executed, so that 
while there are in this city larger or small numbers 
of Anarchists we have no real organization. We 
have learned to know there Is a Judas In every 
twelve, hence each of us acts for himself and we 
never act in a body. To do so would be fatal to 
our cause. 

"In this city there are three Anarchist groups. 
No. 1 we call "The International Workingmen's As- 
sociation;' No. 2, 'The Workingmen's Confedera- 
tion,' and No. 3 Is 'The Machinists' R'fla Corps.' 

"Group No. 1 is composed of about flftv men who 
are trustworthy. It was organized in 1883 by Herr 
Johann Most and Justus Schwab. We meet every 
Saturday night where we had our talk, at Kraemer's 
beer saloon, on Seventh Street, near Avenue A. 
There we have lectures. At each of these lectures 
a new chairman is selected and we discuss anarchism 
and general topics. We admit no one except by 
card. The notices of meetings are published In the 
Fiethfit, Herr Most's paper. Our principal men are 
Herr Most, William Hasselman — he is a chemist — 
M. Wetzken, who Is a machinist, Charles Woelke, 
Moritz Schultz, Robert Schlag, R. Helbig and his 

three brothers, Joseph Miaury, Henry Ho'ze, 

Schwlehlin, Paul Wissig, Clement and H. Schnetz. 

"In addition to these lectures, we have secret 
meetings, at which only the chosen are invited. 
The word is conveyed personally and not by any cir- 
cular or letter. We used to drill at these secret 
meetings, but since that affair in Chicago we have 
had no drills and the muskets have been put away. 

"We are carefully taught the use of dynamite. 
In good hands It is a safe weapon to our friends and 
deadly to our enemies. One pound did all that 
work in Chicago. One hundred pounds, well used, 
would give us control of New York. Ah, It Is a 
great invention — so easily carried. It makes each 
man a hero. It makes him strong against an army. 

''Two years ago we had a school, and Hasselman 
used to teach us how to make It and how to use it 
It is good stuff. It looks like sawdust and oil — so 
innocent — but when it explodes — poof I a whole 
army goes down. The school is now broken up, but 
Hasselman is here yet He is a clerk In a wine 

"We have no storehouse for dynamite and bombs. 
That would be dangerous. We cin get all we should 
want at the factory, and it is cheap. Bombs? An 
oyster can Is good enough. Give me dynamite, a 
cap, a little fuse and I will make a bomb in ten min- 
utes with a can, a bottle, a cigar-box, anything. 

"Mezzeroff is a fool and a rascal. Why, he said 
he would sell dynamite for $1 a pound. Of course. 
No. 2 dynamite can be purchased for 30 cents a 
pound, fuse for 3 cents a yard and caps for 2 cents 
apiece. I can make two pound bombs for $1 and 
have money to spare. 

"The Machinist Rifie Corps are the only armed 
body. They practice shooting in beer gardens in 
Hoboken, Newark, etc. Most of them are marks- 
men, and will count their men when the day comes. 

"What do we seek to accomplish? This. These 
are our principles: 

"1. The total destruction of class rule as at pres- 
ent in existence. We will accomplish this by any 
means which may be necessary. We will accom- 
plish It by revolution and by energy. 

''2. The founding of a new order in society, based 
upon a free and communistic oaganization of the 
productive classes. 

"3. A free exchange of products, equal in value, 
by the productive organisations themselves, or rath- 
er by the producers, without go-betweens and profit- 

"4 The organization of a system of education 
free from religion and on a soientiflj basis for both 
sexes alike. 

"5. Equal rights for all without distinotion as to 
race and color. 

"6. The regulation of all public Interests by free 
social agreements between the lndep3ndent commu- 
nities and groups. 

"We believe this world should be without rulers 
or servants. All service is to be voluntary, and all 
agreements and restrictions are voluntary. We will 
have no marrying. Men and women can live to- 
gether and support each other as long as they like, 
and no longer. We will have no master law but our 
own win and our own Individual sense of right and 
wrong. Our only restraint shall be our moral 
strength. No one shall become rich, for the excess 
of his production over his own needs shall go to the 
general fund and for the general good. 

"To become a member o' any group, a m-^n must 
be recommended by a member, and must be identi- 
fied with the workingmen's cause. He must be 



October 20, 188t 

vouched for as trustworthy or must have performed 
some great deed. 

"When I say the workingmen, I mean our work- 
ingmen. The Labor party is divorced from us. The 
time will come when it will see its error. Legisla- 
tion will not accomplish what we can do with force. 
Capital laughs at the ballot box, but it trembles at 
the bomb. 

"We are not many, but we have power. Some 
day the country will shake, and men who sneer at 
us will see and learn. 

"We look to Herr Most as our leader. He is a 
good writer. He talks well. He is not a fighter 
and we do not expect him to lead us in action. 
There are many Anarchs in whom we would have 
no confidence if a fight came. 

"There is no Anarchist headquarters. Chicago 
used to be the center, but the leaders are now mar- 
tyrs. The center is now in New York. Group No. 
1 is the informing bureau, to which all groups or 
members apply for information. No person in any 
group has the right to order or dictate. We have 
no grips, signs, or pass-words. It any call or in- 
formation is required it is given by word of mouth. 
That is safe. 

"Herr Most says we are increasing, but I fear he 
is wrong. Excitement brings us recruits. Quiet 
kills our strength. I think we were much stronger 
four years ago. 

"We are not in favor of Socialists. They are too 
lukewarm. They call us fanatics. It may be so. 
They talk; we act. 

"We conduct our secret meetings in this way: 
Those chosen are notified orally. When assembled 
any one takes the chair and moves to nominate a 
chairman. He can only serve at one meeting and 
no more. Upon taking the chair the elected chair- 
man then asks those present if there is any new 
business or suggestions in the interest of the cause. 
Such as choose write these suggestions on slips of 
paper and band them to the chairman. He mixes 
up the slips, making it impossible to identify them, 
and then reads them in detail. A discussion of 
each then follows. Should any one volunteer to 
carry out any violent measure proposed he does so 
without announcing his intention or taking into his 
confidence any but those in whom he has the great- 
est reliance. Thus no one present will know more 
than the public at large. 

"To be a good Anarch you must be daring and 
^•esolute. Trust no one but the men you know. If 
you are going to do any great act for the cause, con- 
fide only in those whom you need to help you in the 
scheme. We are few, but we can wield a terrible 
power. The revolution is coming. There will be 
thousands wanting to act then and not know how. 
We will teach them and provide the means. Our 
argument is Force, and that is unanswerable. Wait 
till the day of the red flag comes and you shall hear 
our thunder. But be patient. Work in the dark. 
Work slowly and carefully. Look out for spies. 
They are everywhere. Get your dearest friends. 
They will be few. They will get their dearest 
friends, and thus it will grow. Better a few good 
men than many indifferent ones. We are a school 
for leaders. When the mob comes we will leap in 
with the red flag and lead it." 

Such was the story of the Anarchist. It covered 
several interviews. It represented many hours of 
talk — and beer. Icy as was his early reserve, he 
thawed under free lager as March snows under April 
showers. "The red flag," "dynamite," "the revolu- 
tion" — each time tie mentioned these his eyes flashed 
and his teeth gnashed in a savage smile. He said 
one thing which I remembered well: 

"I say, damn the newspapers. They are the cap- 
italistic hounds on our trail. Look at the World. 
It has often been on our track. I would like to see 
a reporter talk to me. I'd choke him to death and 
throw him in the river." 

The number of Anarchists in this city is about 
one thousand. Of these not over five hundred are 
professed and admitted to the "groups," and of 
these, again, not more than two hundred and fifty 
could be relied upon to do any "work." They are a 
shiftless, needy, pitiful lot, without money or influ- 
ence, full of beer and talk, ready to prompt others 
to desperate acts and to crawl under beds while the 
work is being done. They rank with the rattle- 
snake, more to be feared in the undergrowth than in 
the open, full of deadly venom and malice, yet 
easily controlled and destroyed by a rod when seen. 
What they are can best be judged by the doctrines 
they preach — universal lawlessness among men, uni- 
versal concubinage among women. The tree is 
licensed passion and unbridled lust, the fruit is the 
most vicious, cowardly and brutal degeneration of 
which humanity is capable — the Anarchist. — Chica^ 
go Herald, 

Befoem News. 


The Eleventh Annual Meeting of the New Hampshire 
Christian Association will be held in Arcanum Hall, No . 
939 Elm street, Manchester, October 29, 30, 31, 1887, 
commencing Saturday at 2 o'clock p. m., and closing 
Monday evening; entertainment free. Reduced railroad 
fare expected from the following stations: Rochester, 
Dover, Newmarket Junction, Portsmouth, North Weare, 
Laconia, and Concord. Horse cars from depot to hall. 

Reduced railroad fare may be had from the foJlowing 
stations: Portsmouth, Newmarket Junction, West Ep- 
ping, Candia, Concord, North Weare, Laconia, Canter- 
bury and Cantoocook. 

Rochester and Dover will ticket to Newmarket Junc- 

Barrington to Eppitg Junction. 

Buy round trip tickets to theN H. C. A. convention. 
The following speakers are expected: Rev. J. Blanchard, 
Rev. E W Oakes, Elders A Kidder, C- L B aker, Isaac Hy- 
att, Wm F Davis.S.C Kimball,Mrs. C W Bixby.Miss An- 
nie M Ray,Mi88 E, E. Flagg,Miss I. D. Haines and Hon. 
J. A. Conant. 8. C. Kimball, 

/Secretary N. H. G. A. 


It is time for a general rally in old Missouri. To 
this end it has been thought best to hold two dis- 
trict meetings, one in north and the other in south 
Missouri. The first will convene at Princeton, Mer- 
cer county, beginning the night of Oct. 25, and con- 
tinuing over the following day and night. Let every 
friend of reform resolve to be at this meeting. It 
will do us all good to have a hand shake all around 
with old friends and new ones, and pledge anew our 
devotion to the great reforms that are spreading and 
widening and deepening so rapidly. Other States 
are moving ahead and Missouri must not be idle. 
She has as brave and noble Christians and patriots 
as any State in the Union. Already thirty counties 
are under local option, and others soon will be. 
Kepublican States may yet learn a lesson from old 
Missouri and far-away Georgia with just three wet 
counties left. Never was the movement against the 
lodge, twin evil of the saloon, so aggressive and pros- 
perous as now, and Missouri must keep abreast with 
other States. While so many thousands are giving 
time and money so freely to boom secret despotism 
and Grand Army parades, let true Americans and 
Christians do as much for pure religion and good 
government. And again we urge all friends of 
truth and right to be at Princeton. 

The Southern district meeting will be announced 
later. There is a strong element in south Missouri op- 
posed to the secret lodges, and it is very desirable to 
unite the forces and become better acquainted. And 
no w j ust a word more. Let every Cynosure reader drop 
us a line as to the outlook. Yours for civil and religious 
liberty, M. N. Butlbk, Agent N. (J. A. 


The Alabama W. G. T. U. Endorses t7ie N. G. A. Agent 
and Declares for "Open Work" — The Alabama State 
Association to Meet in Mobile — A Welcome at Marion — 
A liable Minded Bx-Gonfederate — The Literary Insti- 
tutions of the Gity and their Trials. 

Dear Cynosure: — The Second Alabama W. C. T. 
U., before the adjournment of the Montgomery Con- 
vention, passed some excellent resolutions. They 
endorse woman suflfrage as "rendered necessary by 
the supreme need of the hour." They promised to 
carefully consider the claims of the Prohibition 
party and to everywhere urge the duty of yielding 
party preferences for the sake of principle. They 
demanded that all political parties shall favor pro- 
hibition. One resolution thanked Dr. Atticus Hay- 
good for his brave and faithful advocacy of the 
rights of the colored man and for his able and elo- 
quent address; another expressed thanks to your 
correspondent for his attendance and words of cheer. 
It expressed sympathy with the special line of work 
in which I am engaged and declared "in favor of 
open work in the temperance movement." An able 
address was made by pastor Alstock on the last 
night of the convention and several ministers and 
ladies from the North expressed their sympathy 
with the organization and their work. 

On Friday night I preached in the Dexter Avenue 
Baptist church. I was most hospitably entertained 
by Mr. H. A. Loveless, a colored man who has 
achieved wealth by enterprise and diligent industry. 
He has never joined any secret society but strongly 
opposed them. He got his education and imbibed 
his principles when under the instruction of Rev. H. 
Woodsmall at Selma. On Saturday, Oct. 1, I re- 
turned to Selma and on Sabbath preached in the 
morning in the Congregational church. Rev. C. B. 
Curtis pastor, and at 4 p. m. in the Reformed Pres- 

byterian church, Rev. G. M. Elliott pastor, and at 
7:30 in the St. Phillips Street Baptist church, Rev. 
Booth pastor. In the first two there was a fair at- 
tendance and in the last it was large. In each case 
I dwelt to some extent on the evils of the secret 
lodge system and the duty of separation. In the 
first two there was entire unanimity of sentiment on 
this question and in the last I had the sympathy of 
the pastor and the leading members. One leading 
member of the Congregational church, who was an 
Odd-fellow, on a previous occasion withstood me 
stoutly, but soon after withdrew from the order, and 
now expressed his approval of my remarks. 

On Monday night, Oct 3, we held a meeting of 
such members of the Alabama Christian Association 
as reside in Selma, at the Reformed Presbyterian 
church. At this meeting it was voted to instruct 
the Executive committee to call the next annual 
meeting at Mobile at some time during the winter. 
The following named brethren were chosen delegates 
to the New Orleans meeting of the N. C A.: Rev. 
G. M. Elliott, Rev. C. B. Curtis, Prof. H. W. Reed 
and Prof. A. A. Peters. Several names were added 
to the roll of members and the progress of the re- 
form was regarded as hopeful. 

A call at the large new and beautiful rooms of 
the Y. M. C. A. developed the fact that the presi- 
dent and leading members were Masons. The sec- 
retary, a Connecticut man, was much in f?,vor of se- 
cret "societies. He saw no harm in excluding the 
name of Christ from prayers and Scripture readings 
and was doubtful whether their committee would be 
willing to have the Cynosure put on their list of pa- 
pers. He was very polite, and confessed that so far 
as Masonry is concerned, my points were well taken. 

On Tuesday at 4 p. m. I left for Marion, once 
called "the Athens of Alabama." I was met at the 
station by Rev. A. W. Curtis and taken to his pleas- 
ant and hospitable home. I found that a lecture 
had been announced for the evening and at 7:30 we 
repaired to the neat Congregational church, where 
we met a good congregation. The first business 
was to listen to a report from Miss R. Mickle, the 
delegate from the local W. C. T. U. to the State 
convention, after which I spoke for nearly an hour 
on the secret society system and its relations to the 
colored people. There was excellent attention and 
a good many secret society people in attendance. 
On Wednesday the 5th, together with Bro. Curtis, 
we called on pastors, teachers and business men, 
and at night met a congregation in the same church. 
Among those present were Capt. C. W. Lovelace, a 
prosperous planter and merchant. He, by request, 
offered prayer at the opening of the meeting and at 
the conclusion of my lecture made some excellent re- 
marks, saying that the Christian church was the 
only society that he cared to be connected with, or 
that is at all necessary for the well-being of the 
country. Capt. Lovelace is a remarkable man. He 
was an oflScer in the Confederate army, has been for 
years an elder in the Presbyterian church, is a life 
member of the American Missionary Association, a 
man of great practical benevolence, and a thorough 
Christian gentleman. Like most men in his station 
in life he has been lured into the lodge, but has long 
since abandoned it, and is a subscriber for the Cyno- 
sure. Such men as Dr. Haygood and Capt. Lovelace, 
like the Centurion who sent to Christ to heal his 
servant, and yet felt that he was not worthy to re- 
ceive him under his roof, are an honor to any people. 

I have said that Marion has been called "the 
Athens of Alabama." It is to be feared that its 
glory is departing. Formerly it had five flourishing 
institutions of learning and the town was distin- 
guished for the absence of the drink traflic, and the 
excellent state of society. Now the two largest 
schools are removed, two saloons have been licensed 
instead, and the town is not flourishing. The causes 
that have brought about this change are as sad as 
they are remarkable. Howard was one of the oldest 
and best sustained of the Baptist male colleges of 
the State. It was under the patronage and control 
of the white Baptists of Alabama. The Lincoln 
State Normal school was chartered and located here 
some years since for the education of colored teach- 
ers. It occupied a building erected by the A. M. A. 
and the colored people, and which was relinquished 
to the State. The school prospered under the care 
of President W. B. Paterson and had last year about 
400 students with regular college classes. Both 
schools moved on harmoniously, and were the just 
pride of the people. Unfortunately a difficulty 
arose between a student of the Normal and several 
students of Howard, in which one of the latter was 
severely cut. I will not attempt to speak of the 
merits of the controversy. At once a great outcry 
was raised against the Normal School. The h gisla- 
ture was petitioned to take away its charter and did 
so, at the same time chartering the Alabama State 
University, now at Montgomery, to take its place. 

OOTOBBR 20, 1887 


Meanwhile Howard, which it was hoped would be 
more prosperous if the Normal was removed, has 
been also removed to Birmingham. The people of 
that flourishing city desired better educational ad- 
vantages and subscribed $75,000 and a considerable 
tract of land to be given to the college in case it was 
removed to that place. It has just been opened at 
Birmingham under favorable auspices. Many of the 
colored people are moving away because of the loss 
of the Normal School. This seriously depletes the 
colored churches. 

Among the schools that remain are two flourish- 
ing female seminaries, viz., Marion Female Semina- 
ry (Presbyterian and Methodist) and Judson Insti- 
tute (Baptist). This latter was founded in 1839. 
Its last catalogue says: "For nearly half a century 
the Judson has been a leading factor in the civiliza- 
tion of the South; and for the character of its work 
can point with confidence and pride to the hundreds 
of noble women who have come under its training." 
The location js beautiful and the buildings large 
and fine. I was most kindly received by Pres. 
Avarett, who was glad to have the Cynosure placed 
in their reading room. I did not visit the other 
seminary, but heard good reports of it. I cannot 
but think that there is a future for Marion and that 
in the future as in the past it will take the lead in 
the work of Christian education, and I sincerely hope 
that the A. M. A. will be able to take up the work 
discontinued by the State Normal school. The 
Christian education of the colored people of the 
South will injure no one but be an inestimable bless- 
ing to all. I expect to go to Tuscaloosa and Bir- 
mingham and then to Selma and Mobile. 

H. H. HiNMAN. 



St. Charles, Minn., Oct. 11, 1887. 
Editor Cynosure: — The Minnesota Christian As- 
sociation, opposed to secret societies, met in con- 
vention Oct. 4, 5, and 6, 1887, in Chestnut Hall, 
Minneapolis. President E. G. Paine was on hand, 
and Rev. W. W. Ames of Menominee, Wis., was 
chosen secretary pro tern. Revs. J. P. Stoddard's 
and C. F. Hawley's lectures were rousing and very 

Wednesday afternoon Rev. Wm. Fenton of St. 
Paul gave us a very instructive address on the Bible 
view of Freemasonry, followed by short and enthu- 
siastic speeches by Rev. W.W.Satterlee of Minneapolis, 
Bros. Ames, Stoddard and others. 

Thursday afternoon Rev. W. W. Ames gave us a 
spirited address of encouragement. Revs. A. C. 
Hand of Chain Lake Center, Minn., S. F. Porter of 
Donnelly, Minn., and M. A. Gault, of the National 
Reform Association, made some short speeches which 
were filled with the Spirit of God. Father Hand 
and wife seemed not to lose a moment of the conven- 
tion, and are full of the spirit of enthusiasm for this 
Christian work; as also Mrs. B. N. Cravath of St. 
Charles, Minn., who was present with her usual read- 
iness to work for our cause. Our godly brother. 
Rev. R. J. Williams of Moose Lake, Minn., was 
there, ever ready with an earnest testimony for the 
truth in the cause. The last evening a Mason asked 
a question or two, which were very readily answered 
by Bro. Stoddard. 

Our numbers during tbe convention were not 
large, but what was lacking in numbers was made 
up in enthusiasm, and all feel more earnest for the 
work. The following resolutions were adopted: 

Whereas, The secret lodge system has become a pow- 
er in this and other countries which influences and modi- 
fies social, commercial, civil and ecclesiastical relations 
in society, trade, civil adraii^istration and the church, re- 
sulting in unnatural and unscriptural separations in the 
family, unwarranted favoritism and proscription in trade, 
perversions of justice in our courts, and desecration and 
dissension in the church; therefore. 

Resolved, 1 . That it is the duty of every citizen, espec- 
ially in a republican stale, to investigate and familiarize 
himself with the principles, teachings and influences of 
the secret orders. 

2. That since we find the worship of the Masonic and 
Odd-fellow lodges, as shown by their accredited standards, 
to bo a revival of Baalism and ancient pagan worship, we 
are compelled in fidelity to Christ and the truth to de- 
nounce their secret religions as anti-Christian, and those 
who practice those rites as departing from the law and 
commandments of God. 

3. That we find the covenants of Freemasonry and 
kindred orders incompatible with the equal rights of men 
before the civil law and prejudicial to justice in our 
courts, morality in our citizens and the cause of temper- 
ance and good order in the community. 

4. That we reaffirm our purpose to expose, withstand, 
and seek by every lawful and Christian means the remov- 
al of all secret orders as the enemies of righteousness and 
truth in the earth; and recommend that they be prohibited 
by both church and state. 

5. That we heartily commend the W. C. T. U. in its 
work, and sincerely hope that it will avoid all entangling 
alliances with secret orders and tolerate only such hon- 
orable methods in its work as require no cloak of con- 
cealment from an interested public. 

Resolved, That we heartily congratulate the Evangeli- 
cal Swedish Lutheran church of the Augustana Synod 
for the noble stand they have taken against the secret 
lodge system, and that we learn with satisfaction that 
the acti-lodge sentiment is so generally shared by the en- 
tire Scandinavian population. 

Resolved, fiu'ther. That we recogn'/.e the mighty hand 
of God in the wonderful work of the Salvation Army, 
and we are glad to know that the leaders in that move- 
ment set their faces against the secret lodge system so 
far as they are intelligently informed in regard to the na- 
ture and character of the secret lodges. 

A resolution was passed that a delegation of five 
be appointed to attend the National Prohibition Con- 
ference in Chicago, Dec. 1, 1887. The following 
were appointed: El wood Hanson of Minneapolis, 
Prof. E. G. Paine of Wasioja, G. P. Hall of Minne- 
apolis, and Rev. A. C. Hand of Chain Lake Center. 
Voted that the fifth member be appointed by these 
four, and that credentials be given to each of the 
delegates, signed by the president and secretary. 

The officers elected were: Prof. p]. G. Paine, Was- 
ioja, president; Rev. Prof. Brainard, Ist vice-presi- 
dent; Rev. P. Fuller, Utica, 2nd vice-president: Rev. 
Wm. Fenton, St. Paul, corresponding secretary; Mrs. 
M. F. Morrill, St. Charles, recording secretary; Wm. 
H. Morrill, treasurer. 

At a meeting of the executive committee, Oct. 7, 
1887, it was decided to employ Bro. Elwood Han- 
son of Minneapolis for three months as State lec- 
turer. M. F. Morrill, Sec'y. 



Newburg, N. Y., Oct. 12, 1887. 

Editor Christian Cynosure: — Iri the battle of 
Lodi, May 10, 1790, Napoleon drove the Austrians 
over the Adda. Their batteries, however, still com- 
manded the bridge which spanned the river. In the 
face of the cannon Napoleon ordered his columns to 
cross the bridge. Marshal McDonald said; "It is 
impossible." "Impossible is only in the dictionary 
of fools," replied Napoleon; and seizing a French 
banner he rushed upon the bridge. His men fol- 
lowed with a shout, and a victory was won which se- 
cured him the possession of Lombardy. Such cour- 
ageous leaders are needed in the sacramental host. 
One man filled with such invincible enthusiasm could 
chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight. 

Sabbath morning I preached in the Union Presby- 
terian church, Rev. F. B. Savage, D. D., pastor. 
This congregation has 507 members. Their Sab- 
bath-school numbers 520. The audience was large, 
and they listened with the closest attention. I am 
satisfied their sympathies were with us throughout. 
Every time 1 enter a strange pulpit the question of 
an earnest saint recurs: "Bernard, for what purpose 
art thou here?" Our purpose is single: to bear wit- 
ness to the crown rights and royal prerogatives of 
the Lord Jesus Christ. 

In the evening I preached in the First Reformed 
Presbyterian church, of which Rev. S. Carlisle had 
been pastor for nearly thirty-eight years. His death 
last July left them vacant. Rev. Summerville said 
at his funeral, "Bro. Carlisle needs no more encomi- 
um than the fact that he was pastor of this congre- 
gation for thirty-eight years." Educated in Belfast, 
Ireland, under Drs. Cook, Dick and Symington, and 
an intimate friend of Rev. J. R. Willson, D. D., and 
Rev. Andrew Stevenson, D. D., hence he was an old 
side Covenanter of the first order. A Newburg 
lawyer, Mr. L. S. Sterritt, in a memorial paper says, 
"Perhaps nothing would give a better idea of his 
power in public discourse than his thoughtful paper 
on the history of the Reformed Presbyterian, or 
Covenanter church, in the vicinity of Newburg, and 
on the life of Rev. James R. Willson, D. D., which 
he delivered before the Newburg Historical Society 
in February, 1885, and which was afterwards pub- 
lished in pamphlet form; or his Centennial Sermon, 
delivered at Washington's headquarters in Newburg, 
July 3, 1876, which was also published and widely 
circulated." A local daily said, "In Newburg no 
citizen was more esteemed than be; no Christian 
more consistent; no preacher more elO(iuent and pro- 
found. He has left a name which is honored in the 

On Tuesday evening I lectured in the Coldeuham 
Reformed Presbyterian church, Kev. K. H. McCready, 
pastor. This is an old congregation. Rev. J. W. 
Shaw ministered to them for fifty years. He was 
preceded by Rev. J. R. Willson, D. D., the greatest 
pulpit orator of his day. He made an oration in 
\be open air in the presence of 10,000 people on the 

occasion of reinterring the remains of a company 
of soldiers, and every one heard him distinctlv. Bro. 
McCready is organizing a New York State Iteform 
Association. He hopes to enlist the leading men of 
the commonwealth. 

On Friday evening I lectured in Gardenertown 
M. K. church. I am trying to impress upon the peo- 
ple the necessity of taking the Bible as the supreme 
standard. When an Indian prince, who had spent 
five years in England, was asked what he thought 
of the Bible, he replied: "I think it is a Vjook from 
God, for I see all the good people believe it, and all 
the bad disbelieve it" When the Queen of England 
was asked the secret of England's greatness, point- 
ing to the Bible, she replied, "That Book." It is to 
be feared that it is not always wisely used. That 
sometimes gloomy writer, Mr. Foster beyond the 
seas, tells us of an enemy boarding a ship and con- 
cealing a piece of loadstone near the compass, and 
the captain, ignorantly following the misguiding 
needle, entered the enemy's port and was captured. 
The man who buys and reads the Sunday newspaper 
on Sabbath, who holds stock in Sabbath-breaking 
corporations, or who is, directly or indirectly, en- 
gaged in the liquor traffic, has placed such a load- 
stone near the compass of his conscience; and if it 
remains there, in the end he may be surprised to 
find that he has entered, not the haven of rest above, 
but the harbor of woe below, where he will be Sa- 
tan's captive forever. The Scotch woman's advice 
to the young minister was cogent: "Preach the law, 
then the Gospel, and then the law again." That is 
the sum of all. Preach the law to awaken the sin- 
ner; then preach the Gospel to bring him to Christ; 
and then preach the law as his rule of life. The 
Bible must be studied. Chalmers said: "Some peo- 
ple's Bibles are left lying on the shelf so long that 
you could write damnation in the dust that has col- 
lected." The study of the Bible through the Inter- 
national Sabbath-school lessons makes the outlook 
for the coming generation very hopeful. 

J. M. Foster. 


Orion, Wis., Oct. 8th, '87. 

Dear Christian Cynosure: — When brothers 
'Wolfe and Swayne were through with our camp- 
meeting [reported last week] they went to Richland 
Center, a hard nest of lodgery. You will see from 
this lit