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Herbert Lockwood Willett 

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Vol. XLV. No. 27 

ST. LOUIS, JULY 2, 1908. 

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Ten Thousand Ministers. 

An Offering] from Every Disci- 
ple to some Christian College. 

The College for the Church, the 
Church for the College— Both 
for Christ. 



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The Christian-Evangelist* 

J. H. GARRISON, Editor 

PAUi; MOORS, Assistant Editor 

F. D. POWER, ) 

B. B. TYLER, > Staff Co- "spondents. 


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Fox the Christ or Galilee, 

For the truth which makes mea Ihsr, 

Fos the bond of unity 

Which makes God's children oas., 

¥nn the love which shines in deeds 
F®f the life which this world needs. 
For the church whose triumph speeds 
f he prayer: "Thy will be dooa> M 

EFoi the right against the wrong, 
Fos the weak against the strong, 
Foi the poor who've waited [©Eg- 
For the brighter age to be= 

Foi the faith against tradition, 
Fos the truth "gainst superstitions,, 
For the hope whose glad frufefM 
Our waiting eyes shall see= 

i? &r the city God is rearing,, 
For the New Earth now appearing. 
For the heaven above us clearing. 
And the song of victory. 

J. Ho Genwois, 


Current Events 

Editorial — 

State Brotherhoods and Colleges... 

Our Independence Day 

Christianity and Hygiene 

Not ' ' Cross Currents " 

The Gospel of Eest 

Notes and Comments 

Editor's Easy Chair 

Contributed Articles — • 

The Patriotic Optimism. David J. 
Burrell, D. D., LL. D 

Mission of the Christian College. 
President Miner Lee Bates 

True Education. H. H. Peters.... 

Ante-Bellum Eeligion in Old Mis- 
souri 1 . . . 

Church Membership: A Symposium 

Our Budget 


College Work and Plans .... 


Christian Endeavor 

Midweek Prayer-meeting 

Adult Bible Class Movement 

People 's Forum 

The Home Department 









No matter what you want, write to us about it, 

The New Orleans Convention 

OCTOBER. 1908 

Many have written us inquiring about plans for 
going to our great Annual Convention to be held, in 
New Orleans next October. 

We have been anxious to make definite announce- 
ment concerning "The Christian-Evangelist Special" to 
the convention and return, but the Railroads have not 
as yet taken action on rates from St. Louis, so we 
can not now give our plans, but will do so in the 
near future. 

After diligent inquiry we regret to say that it 
will not be possible to use a boat in our journey, as 
there are no boats available that would be suitable; 
therefore our trip will necessarily be an "all rail" 
one from St. Louis and return, and we are expecting a 
large party on this occasion. 

^ // 


Business Manager, 


Edited and Prepared by the 20th Century 
Committee which is composed of more than 




The COMPLETE EDITION contains 624 pages and 814 Standard Hymns, 
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In this book the Disciples of Christ have a church hymnal equal to the best 
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mittee of twenty well known brethren, with W. E. M. Hackleman as musical 
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with the 70 pages of responsive readings, makes a book of rare excellence and 

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Volume XLV. 

ST. LOUIS, JULY 2, 1908. 

Number 27. 

The New Secre- 
tary of War. 

Mr. Taft's resignation as secretary of 
war will take effect June 30. He will be 
succeeded by Gen. 
Luke Wright, of 
Tennessee. It is not 
the first time that Wright has succeeded 
Taft. They were closely associated in the 
Philippines, where Wright was vice-gov- 
ernor when Taft was governor, and became 
governor after Taft returned to the United 
States. After six years in the Philippines, 
he served for a short time as ambassador to 
Japan, and then returned home nearly two 
years ago. Mr. Wright is a democrat, and 
was a Confederate soldier. In view of his 
political connections, his appointment to an 
important post in the Philippines by Presi- 
dent McKinley caused considerable surprise 
— much more, in fact, than is occasioned 
by his appointment now to a cabinet posi- 
tion. The fact shows that, while party poli- 
tics is still as partisan as ever in some re- 
spects, there has been a re-drawing of the 
political lines which has brought together 
old political opponents in rather a surpris- 
ing fashion. The position of secretary of 
war probably requires greater executive ca- 
pacity and more varied abilities than any 
other in the cabinet. The occupant of that 
place must not merely be prepared to direct 
the affairs of the army, but he must be pre- 
pared to serve as colonial secretary, direct- 
ing the affairs of our insular possessions, 
and he must also exercise a wise authority 
over the Canal Zone and all that goes on 
within it, both of administration ana con- 

Ex-President Grover Cleveland died at 
his home in Princeton, N. J., on Wednes- 
day morning, June 
Death of Grover „/ „ s . 

Cleveland. 24 ' of a complication 

of disorders culmin- 
ating in heart trouble. He was a great 
man, a statesman rather than a politician. 
As mayor of Buffalo and governor of New 
York, his experience before entering upon 
his first term as President had been wholly 
outside of the field of national affairs. 
But his personality was as large as his 
experience had been small. He always 
thought much of his own opinions, and he 
worked them out with a degree of careful 
studiousness which gave him a right to 
have confidence in them. The popular 
trust in his absolute integrity and disin- 
terestedness — a trust which he never failed 
to justify — contributed to increase his feel- 

ing of independence of those who would 
have been his natural advisers. He was nev- 
er an easy man to advise. During his second 
administration, those issues which have 
disturbed the political world and caused 
a re-drawing of party lines were coming 
to an acute stage and it was perhaps in- 
evitable that he should forfeit all alle- 
giance of a. large part of his own party while 
winning the approbation of a considerable 
fraction of the opposite party. He was 
accused of stubbornness, of brutal indiffer- 
ence to the will of his party and its lead- 
ers, and of many mistakes in judgment, 
but he was never accused of weakness. 
After his retirement from office twelve 
years ago, he made his home in Princeton, 
N. J., where he served as a member of the 
corporation of Princeton University, and 
lived a life of dignified quiet in keeping 
with his position as the only living ex- 



Mr. Bryan, in the ' ' Commoner, " at- 
tacks the Republican platform and reduces 
Mr. Bryan on the it to splinters and 
Republican slivers. At least 
Platform. those who agree with 

him will think he has done so. He points 
out the features in which the platform 
varies from the published policies of the 
administration, which are known to be 
policies favored also by Mr. Taft. The 
platform gives several good openings for 
such criticism. For example, there is the 
failure to incorporate any reference # to 
publicity for campaign contributions. The 
natural reply will be that the business of 
the convention was to formulate a plat- 
form representing a consensus of the party 's 
judgment and not necessary to incorpor- 
ate everything that even the most eminent 
of Eepublicans has favored. The criti- 
cism has been made that the convention 
was too much dominated by Roosevelt and 
now comes the counter-criticism that it 
did not put the Roosevelt policies in its 
' platform — an administration candidate but 
not an administration platform. Mr. 
Bryan is much displeased also with the 
paragraph referring to injunctions. The 
labor unions in general share his displeas- 
ure. An injunction is a legal device for 
preventing something from being done. 
If A injures B or B's property, B can sue 
A for damages. But if A has nothing to 
pay, B will get only an empty satisfaction 
even if he wins his suit. It will be far 
better for B, in such a case, if he knows 
that A intends to injure him, to get an 
injunction which will prevent the injury. 
But there may easily be a difference of 
opinion as to whether or not the intended 
action would be an unlawful injury. A 
may claim that he is acting wholly within 

his rights and that it is an injury to him 
to prevent him from carrying out his plans. 
In such a case, both sides ought to have a 
hearing which would amount to a prelim- 
inary trial of the case. The injunction is 
a useful and necessary device, on the prin- 
ciple that an ounce of prevention is worth 
a pound of cure. But it is liable to seri- 
ous abuse when an injunction is granted 
upon the application of one party without 
giving the other a hearing. To frame a 
law which shall so define the power of the 
courts that the abuses shall be checked and 
yet the usefulness of the injunction as an 
emergency measure not be impaired requires 
a more delicate handling of details than a 
national convention is usually capable of. 
The declaration of the Democratic conven- 
tion on the subject will be awaited with 

There seems to be no doubt but that 
a college education increases a man's 

chances of attaining 
College and Politics, political success. 

President Roosevelt 
is a Harvard graduate. Presidential Candi- 
date Taft is a son of Yale. Vice-Presiden- 
tial Candidate Sherman is a graduate of 
Hamilton College. Mr. Bryan, who will be 
a presidential candidate within ten days, 
is an alumnus of Illinois College. It will 
be a college man's campaign. Mr. Taft 
lias been having a glorious time at the 
Yale commencement, celet>rating the thir- 
tieth anniversary of his graduation. The 
class of '78 was there in force and a lot 
of other classes besides. 

An imperial edict has been issued by the 
Czar that all women students shall be ex- 
pelled from the Rus- 
A Backward Step, s i a n universities 
and that none 
henceforth shall be admitted. The order 
affects about 2,200 women, many of whom 
have been in the universities for several 
years and are nearing graduation. It is 
natural that when the privilege of matric- 
ulation in the universities was extended to 
women, a large proportion of those avail- 
ing themselves of the opportunity should 
be women of radical and revolutionary 
sentiments. The women students have 
therefore contributed rather more than 
their fair share to the student uprisings 
which have vexed the constituted authori- 
ties. It is a great pity that, after paying 
Japan so great a price for a lesson in mod- 
ernization, Russia seems determined not to 
learn the lesson but clings to her medie- 
valism. The Russian universities are, of 
course, state institutions and under the 
control of a minister of education. The 
expulsion of women from the universities 
is the result of no theory about co-educa- 
tion, but a purely political stroke for the 
repression of a class which is considered 



July 2, 1908. 

State Brotherhoods and Colleges. 

We are hoping that the local brother- 
hoods now being formed in so many of our 
churches will eventually organize into state 
brotherhoods, have their stated meetings 
perhaps in connection with our state con- 
ventions, and make it one of their specific 
aims to look into the condition and need's 
of the colleges within the state that are 
seeking to serve the same cause. What 
worthier or more urgent cause could chal- 
lenge their generosity and business sense 
than the proper care of the institutions 
that are furnishing us our trained workers ? 

We can imagine an assembly of business 
men gathered for the consideration of so 
important a subject as Christian education, 
raising and' taking steps to have answered 
such questions as these : 

1. What institutions have we in the 
state, under the auspices of the Disciples, 
that are doing distinctively Christian work? 

2. What has each one of these in the 
way of buildings, equipment and endow- 

3. ■ How many students have they, and 
what is the character of the work being 

4. What are they doing to supply the 
deficiency in our ministerial supply and in 
our missionary force? 

5. What do they need in the way of bet- 
ter buildings, equipment and endowment to 
enable them to d'o a larger and better work? 

6. In what way can we co-operate with 
these institutions, through their boards of 
trustees, to enable them to secure the 
needed aid? 

Why should not the men in our churches, 
banded together in brotherhoods, give such 
a manifestation of brotherliness, and of 
far-sighted business sense, in promoting 
the best interests of our beloved cause? 

Our Independence Day. 

The old-fashioned Fourth of July ora- 
tory consisted largely in telling how big 
we were, and how strong and how brave, 
and how able we were to "whip the whole 
creation." That period of mere boastful- 
ness has passed away. We have reached a 
period of our national development when 
we can see our faults and our dangers, as 
well as our virtues and our strength. We 
are none the less patriotic because we re- 
fuse to shut our eyes to our national short- 
comings. Indeed, that is the truest kind of 
patriotism that discerns our own weak- 
nesses and seeks to remedy them. 

It has come to be apparent to all thought- 
ful American citizens that our chief danger 
is not from the aggression of foreign na- 
tions, but from foes within. Ignorance, 
greed for gain, lawlessness, lack of rever- 
ence for law, human and divine, and for the 
rights of others — these are foes far more 
to be feared and fought against than all 
the armies and navies of Europe and Asia. 

These are the thing's which undermine the 
strength of nations and cause their over- 
throw. It follows that schools of all grades, 
and Christian colleges and churches, are 
better safeguards of our civil and religious 
liberty, and of our national greatness and 
power, than a large navy and increased 
armaments on land and sea. 

It is for this reason — the vital relation- 
ship of Christian education to the perma- 
nence and prosperity of our national life — 
that we have for years issued our educa- 
tional number in connection with Independ- 
ence day. There are no institutions doing 
more to reinforce and cultivate the virtues 
that make for the moiwl supremacy and 
political stability of our nation than those 
colleges resting on private foundations, and 
having the liberty and recognizing the duty 
of developing not only the mental, but the 
moral and religious life of their students. 
President Roosevelt, in extending his greet- 
ings to the Religious Education Association, 
said: "I doubt if there is any lesson more 
essential to teach in an industrial democracy 
like ours than the lesson that any failure 
to train the average citizen to a belief in 
the things of the spirit no less than in the 
things of the body must in the long run 
entail misfortune, shortcoming and possible 
disaster upon the nation itself." In the 
same session of the Religious Education 
Association, Dr. MacKenzie, president of 
the Hartford Theological Seminary, said : 

"It is one of the most significant facts 
in American life that the public mind con- 
fesses that it is continually dependent upon 
religion for health and success in the con- 
duct of its institutional activities." 

Let us see to it, then, that as a religious 
body forming a part of the national life, 
we give adequate support to our own 
colleges as the best means of making our 
movement a source of strength to the na- 
tion and to the kingdom of God. 

Christianity and Hygiene. 

It is the glory of Christianity that it is 
on the side of every movement that looks 
toward the betterment of the race. It is 
capable of adapting itself to the increasing 
knowledge of science and of the laws of 
health, and it is only a perversion of Chris- 
tianity that holds out against any reform 
that is based on well-ascertained facts of 
science in relation to health. The rapid 
growth of the custom of using the individ- 
ual communion cup is a case in point. The 
scientific discovery of bacteria, and the im- 
portant part they play in communicating 
disease, has revolutionized both the prac- 
tice of surgery and medicine. One of the 
ways in which it affects religious practice 
is in the communion service. Under the 
old method a number of persons drank 
from the same cup. It is freely admitted 
that in this custom there are possibilities of 
communicating disease. It would be a 
strange thing if Christianity could not adapt 
itself to facts like these, and avoid the 
danger while continuing the beautiful and 
impressive service of the Lord's supper. 
This has been met in the individual com- 
munion cup, the use of which has been 

demonstrated to be entirely practicable, and 
even more impressive, than the original cus- 
tom of the use of a single cup, or of only 
a few cups. 

Of course, there is no valid argument to 
be made against the modern practice on 
scriptural grounds. If it be said that a plu- 
rality of cups is contrary to the scriptural 
reference to "the cup," then the use of two 
or three cups would be as much a violation 
of the ancient rule as the use of the larger 
number. But there is nothing in the argu- 
ment. The merest literalist must see that 
any convenient and orderly method of dis- 
tributing the elements to worshipers carries 
out the spirit and intent of the institution. 
It is safe to say that where two methods 
are equally scriptural in their form and the 
one has the added recommendation of be- 
ing safe and hygienic, while the other con- 
tains possibilities of contagion, the former 
is certain to triumph. The writer was 
gratified, on a recent trip to the far West, 
where many victims of tuberculosis go for 
their health, to find that the use of the in- 
dividual communion cup was almost uni- 
versal among our churches. This is as it 
should be. Superstition will not stand 
against scientific knowledge and indisput- 
able facts. 

@ @ 

Not "Cross Currents." 

In an editorial on "Denominational Re- 
integration" in the "Congregationalist and 
Christian World," reference is made to the 
tendency toward the affiliation of kin- 
dred denominations, as between different 
branches of • the Methodist, Presbyterian 
and Baptist families. The editor regards 
this movement as a "cross current," with 
another tendency toward organic union, 
and thinks that while it may "hold in abey- 
ance in some parts of the world the trend 
toward organic union, it will ultimately aid 
this trend." 

We had not thought of these movements 
as "cross currents," but as parts of one 
general movement toward unit}-, having a 
common impulse in the desire to realize the 
fulfillment of Christ's prayer for unity. 
Naturally this union movement will take 
form first between those who are nearest 
akin. Where religious bodies are sufficient- 
ly alike in faith and polity to make organic 
union possible, the movement is naturally 
toward organic union. In other cases 
where there is at present sufficient differ- 
ence to make immediate union impossible, 
the union sentiment finds expression in 
what is known as federation, which means 
such a degree of co-operation as is now 
possible. This co-operation is an essential 
preparation for a completer unity. These 
are all parts of a common movement 
toward the correlation of Christian forces 
with the view of enabling the church to ac- 
complish its sublime mission in the world. 
They are not "cross currents," but are 
streams flowing in the same direction, and 
destined to converge at last in a united 

When the tide comes in it inundates, first 
of all, the little pools and inlets nearest 
on the level of the ocean; but as it rises 

July 2, ±903. 



higher it flows into all the bays and inlets, 
adapting itself to the sinuosities of the shore- 
line, according to its levels. So the tide of 
Christian union now coming in. manifests 
itself here in the form of organic union 
among churches of the same family, and 
there, showing its presence in the closer 
relationship between Christian bodies not 
yet prepared for organic union ; but it will 
continue to rise until all intervening bar- 
riers are hidden from view by a tide which 
shall know no ebb, because it is pulled 
shoreward by the increasing attraction of 
the Son of God. 

The Gospel of Rest. 

There is a time for work and there is a 
time for play. There is a gospel of work, 
and there is a gospel of rest. The man who 
d'oes not work, and work hard, does not 
know the blessedness of rest. Moreover, 
the man who works hard, and puts his life 
into his work, must rest occasionally or his 
work will deteriorate. Rest is as divine as 
working, because its end is more and better 
work. $ I 

There are some people who never learn 
this lesson, and some learn it too late. We 
admit that there is a certain kind of peo- 
ple of phlegmatic temperament, who never 
get in a hurry nor get much in earnest, nor 
expend much energy in their work, who 
apparently need no vacation. But the men 
who do the most effective work, and who 
make it a point to always do their best, ex- 
pend a large amount of vitality, and these 
are bound to have seasons of rest for re- 
cuperation of energy and of vital forces. 
The same Jesus who sent the seventy into 
all the villages of Judea to preach the gos- 
pel of the Kingdom, said to them, on their 
return : "Come ye apart and rest awhile." 
Our hard-working evangelists and pastors 
will do better work with the coming au- 
tumn if they will turn aside now to some 
quiet place and rest awhile from their ar- 
dent labors. 

There is altogether too much hurry and 
rush in our American life. We are living 
too fast and not living deep enough. We 
would do well to pause awhile in the hot 
pursuit of wealth, or in the prosecution of 
any difficult tasks, and take time to think a 
little, and to brood over the deep problem 
of life. It is better, occasionally, to look 
up through the branches of the trees into 
the quiet stars, than to have one's eyes con- 
tinually fixed on the ledger. It is more 
likely to enable one to have something to 
his credit in the great ledger book of hu- 
man life. 

Our advice, therefore, to all those who can 
do it, and who feel that they need it, is to 
take a rest. Take it where you will have a 
change of scenery and surroundings, and 
where new objects will present themselves 
to your mind, and new lines of thought will 
be started. Take it where you can see most 
of nature and least of the artificialities and 
conventionalities of our modern life. Take 
it where you can secure moral and spiritual 
invigoration along with your physical and 
intellectual recuperation. In a word take 

your rest where and when, and in that man- 
ner that will enable you to do the best work 
when the rest period is over and you re- 
sume the routine duties of life. 

Notes and Comments 

The next International Sunday-School 
Convention goes to San Francisco. We 
shall give reports of the convention just 



We suggest that at least one sermon be 
preached in all our churches ere long on 
the worshipful spirit. Your own congrega- 
tion may not, perhaps, need it, but some 
visitors may. It does not seem to be a diffi- 
cult matter for many people to forget that 
the house of God is for communion with 
him, that we go there to see his face and 
must not let that of our friends make his 
dim or distant. There would be a more 
reverent spirit about the Lord's Supper were 
there more preaching about it. 

At^ least two of our great states — Illinois 
and Missouri — have now adopted the dele- 
gate plan for doing the business of the 
churches in conventions. This does not, of 
course, mean that no one except selected 
delegates can attend and enjoy the conven- 
tions. But it does mean that the churches 
of St. Louis can not next year, when the 
state convention comes to this city, control 
by their votes — for a local attendance, of 
course, would swell the convention crowd — 
any business that may be transacted. The 
churches in the country can outvote all the 
city churches in a delegate convention, 
should they so desire. This is a truly demo- 
cratic method of doing business, despite 
the bogey-man who cries out ecclesiasticism. 

We have little hope of Dr. Lasher ever 
in this world coming to appreciate the Dis- 
ciples of Christ. He has for so long di- 
rected his editorials at them that he would 
not know how to adjust himself, we fear, 
were the walls between the Disciple and the 
Baptist folds appreciably lowered. The 
chief reason, we believe, is that the editor 
of the "Journal and Messenger" wants to 
stop with two hundred years of history. 
He will not have the Free Baptists either, 
for the same reason. 

"Can any one fail," he says in a recent 
editorial, "to see that it is one thing to tol- 
erate, for a time, those who walk disorder- 
ly (contrary to the traditions of the Baptist 
denomination), and it is a thing quite dif- 
ferent from formally voting to receive those 
who openly declare their purpose to disre- 
gard the standard by which our churches 
have been governed for two hundred years." 

A tradition of two hundred years is what 
prevents certain Baptists from a union with 
Free Baptists, because the former are in 
favor of a restricted communion and the 
latter are not. Yet thousands of those call- 
ing themselves Baptists are not close com- 
munionists. | ; 

We suppose it is this two hundred years 
of traditionalism that prevents the "Journal 
and Messenger" from seeing any good in the 
Disciples, who have one hundred years less 

of man's tradition, but whose one central 
plea is to go back to Christ and his apostles 
for guidance and instruction, and who are 
not worrying themselves one-tenth as much 
about whether conversion is before bap- 
tism or in baptism and membership after 
baptism, as they are whether a convicted 
sinner repents of his sins, publicly confesses 
the Savior, and acknowledges the Lordship 
of Jesus Christ by obeying his commands. 
They are striving to make Christians and 
following the method, as closely as they 
can understand it, that the Master has given 
them. They will be glad for Baptists to use 
the name by which they call themselves, but 
they see no good reason why they should 
adopt a divisive name when their own has a 
wider sweep, a higher authority, and is 
more truly descriptive for one who follows 
Jesus Christ. 

Have you really thought about it? "The 
sacred thing with most people is a prejudice, 
and the more false and foolish it is, the 
more sacred." 

It is difficult sometimes to estimate results 
of evangelistic work. Some people count 
heads, some people count Christian life, yet 
neither of these may come into the reckon- 
ing, for the word fitly spoken may give its 
fruit in the future, years after the evangel- 
ist or the pastor has passed from the scene. 
Even the method of counting head's may be 
utterly misleading. We notice that there 
•has been some discussion about the Welsh 
revival, about which everybody was talk- 
ing some time ago. It has been observed 
that there was a great slump back from the 
state of religious fervor into the apathy 
and listlessness as regards religious matters 
prevalent before the revival. We are glad, 
however, to have the assurance of Principal 
Edwards, a man of sound judgment, that 
this is an overstatement of the case. He 
says that the many cases of backsliding, to 
which public reference has been made so 
frequently, have occurred largely amongst 
the young people, who were, perhaps, reg- 
istered as converts with undue haste. At 
the present moment, the principal says, 
there are between sixty and seventy thou- 
sand who have for three years remained in 
good standing. As for ourselves, we had 
no other expectation, judging by what we 
heard of the revival, than that there would 
be some losses. Emotionalism played an 
undue part in this Welsh movement, and 
there was so much mysticism on the part 
of one of the prominent leaders that many 
a convert would, we think, have but a hazy 
idea of the meaning of the Christian life. 
Principal Edwards' suggestion about the 
undue haste in rushing young people into 
action which has not been considered, is in 
harmony with the feeling of many of our 
own brethren about some of our own evan- 
gelism. It is not meant in the spirit of 
criticism, for the sake of criticism, but 
merely a call to examine ourselves as to 
whether this is the wise method for us to 
pursue. C. M. Chilton and F. W. Burnham, 
in their addresses before the Missouri State 
Convention, touched upon this particular 
phase of the winning of the child. 




Editor' s Easy Chair. 

Or, Pentwater Musings. 

Yesterday in St. Louis. To-day in our 
lakeside home at Pentwater, Mich. This 
seems a sudden transition from one place 
to another of an editorial office, but we are 
living in an age of rapid transitions. Be- 
sides, when the move is a customary one, 
as ours is, from city to lakeside about this 
season of the year, it is not only accom- 
plished within a brief period, but it scarcely 
interferes with the regular editorial output. 
This is one of the advantages of going to 
a fixed place each summer, without spend- 
ing half the time in finding a comfortable 
place, and the other half in regretting that 
you did not go somewhere else. To settle 
such questions once for all and to have not 
only a place to go to, but a cottage to re- 
move into, containing another editorial office, 
solves the summer vacation problem and re- 
lieves it of its disagreeable features. It 
seemed good to-day to get back to these fa- 
miliar scenes, which are none the less beau- 
tiful for being familiar. The weather is at 
its best, with just enough coolness in the 
air to make a pine knot fire on the hearth 
very comfortable in the evening. The old 
lake seemed to be in an especially good 
humor, and laughed us a hearty welcome as 
its multitudinous wavelets danced in the 
sunlight. Here, within a few hours after 
our arrival, our household has resumed its 
ordinary course, and we are beginning our 
summer tasks, with which we hope to 
mingle a little recreation as time and cir- 
cumstance may permit. The change of lo- 
cation for the summer in no way modifies, 
very materially, our editorial work. We 
do not envy those who are able to leave 
their work at home and take a complete va- 
cation. We are glad that so many can do 
this ; and yet this has never been our lot in 
life. The most that we can hope for in this 
change of location is a cooler atmosphere, 
freedom from the noise of city life, and out 
of these more favorable conditions for 
work to get a little time each day to lighten 
the day's toil with recreation and rest amid 
these quieter scenes. 


Apropos to the above, this paragraph is 
written in the early morning hour. The 
first rays of the sun are casting their golden 
sheen upon the branches of pine and hem- 
lock, and the mists are being lifted from the 
broad bosom of the lake. A gentle breeze 
is stirring the leaves of the trees and rough- 
ening the surface of the lake. How quiet 
and restful the scene appears! It is two 
hours yet before the ordinary time of get- 
ting downtown to the office when in the 
city, and the day's work is begun with no 
fear of interruption by callers. These con- 
ditions are not only favorable for rest, but 
for work as well, and offer the opportunity 
of blending the two in such proportions as 
one's taste suggests, or his duties require. 
We love the morning hour. There is about 
it a freshness in its cool air, a quietness and 
an awakening life that puts the soul in an 
attitude of gratitude to God for the beau- 
tiful world he has given us to live in, and 

helps one to bring his soul into tune with 
the Infinite. The wren whose notes we hear 
has, as usual, found a nest where she may 
lay her young under the eave of our cot- 
tage, and there is a question of disputed 
ownership which will have to be settled by 
a compromise — a sort of modus Vivendi, by 
which we will agree to live together with- 
out disputing each other's rights. We won- 
der if this pair of wrens supposed this en- 
tire cottage was built for their accommoda- 
tion, and that they have the exclusive right 
to its use, just as a few people seem to 
imagine that the earth and the fulness 
thereof were created for their special bene- 
fit. But the bird's wants are few and sim- 
ple, while those of man multiply and in- 
crease with his ability to gratify them, and 
he rarely, if ever, finds his fortune too 
large to meet his fancied wants. 

Referring to the peregrinations of the 
Editor's Easy Chair, our Kansas City neigh- 
bor, "The Word and Way," has the fol- 
lowing note : 

"Among our many contemporaries only 
one editor, so far as we know, has an 
"Easy Chair," and that is Dr. Garrison of 
The Christian-Evangelist, St. Louis. How 
he came by this rare piece of editorial 
furniture is a wonder to us; and how he 
can afford it and find the time to occupy it, 
passes our comprehension. Summer vaca- 
tions in the lake regions and winter vaca- 
tions in California seem to be "Easy Chair'' 

We might explain to our brethren of "The 
Word and Way," that in the present stage ' 
of religious progress, when everything is 
coming our way, the Editor of a paper like 
The Christian-Evangelist has the easiest 
job imaginable. Not that there is any lack 
of work to do, for the Editor of The 
Christian-Evangelist probably does more 
writing in bulk than the average of his 
editorial brethren, but work is easy when 
one works with God's plan for his age, with 
all good men, and with "the stars in their 
courses." There is always plenty of time' 
to occupy an "easy chair," when it is also 
a zvork chair. As to the summer vacations 
in the lake regions, and winter vacations 
in California or Florida, these are, for the 
most part, pastoral visits of the Editor 
among his flock to learn better the con- 
dition and 1 needs of his readers. In other 
words, it is the editorial office on wheels. 
True, in the heated term, we have other 
motives in view in seeking the cool breezes 
of the north, but even then the purpose 
is that we may do more and better work. 
And so we hope our good neighbors of 
"The Word and Way" will not adopt an 
"easy chair" with the mistaken idea that it 
is a lazy chair, and free from the necessity 
of work. Every chair is an "easy chair" 
to one who loves God, his fellow-men, >and 
his work. 


The foregoing note and comment of "The 
W'ord and Way" reminds us of a criticism 
of the Easy Chair, which was given to us 
recently by a friend, who was not giving 
it as his own criticism, but as one which he 
had heard from others. The substance of 
this criticism was that the Easy Chair con- 
veyed the impression to its readers that its 
occupant was having altogether too easy a 

time in the world; that he seemed to have 
no trials, tribulations and disappointments, 
as most people have, and to be so far above 
the line of poverty as to be unable to sym- 
pathize with those who are bearing the heat 
and burden of the day in life's grinding toil'; 
that it often speaks of the beauties of 
nature, and the joy of the world, whereas 
its readers would appreciate more a picture 
of the world's sin, sorrow and sadness. Per- 
haps these readers are right, but if so, our 
philosophy of life is wrong. The Easy 
Chair's theory has been that people, as a 
rule, have enough troubles of their own 
without having those of others thrust up- 
on them. Not seldom does the "Easy 
Chair" seek to minister to the happiness and 
enjoyment of its readers by giving some 
bit of descriptions of the world's beauty, 
and the joy of living, when the Editor's 
own heart is heavy with life's burdens, 
cares and disappointments. We could more' 
than fill the space occupied by the Easy- 
Chair in telling of our own and others' 
troubles, and how bad the world is in which, 
we are living, but we have not felt ir fair 
to our readers to burden them with the 
disagreeable things in cur own life to ex- 
cite their pity, nor have we sought to pom- 
out the mean and ugly things of the world 
ot which everyone sees too much: bu- 
rather to emphasize the fact, too often over- 
looked, that after all there is a great deal 
of beauty m the world, much "of which 
lies all about us, if we only have eyes to 

(£) ® 

Neither the optimism that shuts its eyes-' 
to the evil of the world nor the pessimism 
that refuses to see the good, is the true 
philosophy of life. Optimism recognizes 
the evil in the world as well as the good, 
but it sees in the good the positive and 
ultimately triumphant force in the world. 
Optimism also sees the pain and sorrow 
among men, but does not believe that these 
are to be remedied by causing- men to think 
of their pain and sorrow, but rather by lift- 
ing their thoughts to something better and 
more joy-inspiring. No intelligent physician 
goes into a sick room to tell his patient 
the ailments of all his other patients, and 
how many of them are likely to die; but 
he seeks rather to get their thoughts on 
returning health and vigor. This is the 
theory with which we have sought to ' do 
our work. If we may be pardoned for 
saying it, no heart perhaps is more sensitive 
to the sorrows and misfortunes of others 
than our own, and this fact has forced 
us, in self-defense, to iook after the brighter 
side of things, and to seek to find in every 
cloud some silvery lining. It is not diffi- 
cult, however, to understand how .- 
looking only upon the surface of things, 
might interpret what is intended to be the 
cheery and optimistic view of life, as a lack 
of appreciation of its darker side through .: 
lack of acquaintance with its sadller ex- 
periences. Nor are we unaware of the fact 
that there are some people in the worlu 
who have an abnormal fondness for the 
gruesome and disagreeable side of life. 
and who enjoy nothing quite so much as- 
being miserable themselves, and knowing 
that other people are in the same condition. 
But this is a limited class, and for these 
the Easy Chair is not written. 

July 2, 1908. 



By David J. Burrell, D.D., LLD. 

It was a hot Sunday and the sermon was 
■on the text, "Our Country is .Going to the 
Bad. ' ' At the church door I met my friend, 
■the Patriotic Optimist, and remarked, "Weil, 
-what do you think of that?" 

' ' I think, ' ' said he, ' ' that the preacher 
:ran without a message. Nobody in Amer- 
ica, least of all a Preacher of the Good- 
: spel, has any right to be a pessimist. Look 
at the evidences of Christian progress. 
Man, think of them ! ' ' 

"Well, go ahead," said I, "what are 
i they?" 

Then this Man of Hope proceeded to give 
:a reason for the Optimism that was in him, 
as follows: 

' ' First ; we have a Christian President ; 
-God bless him! ' ' 

"Second; of the names considered for 
the Presidential nomination, there was not 
.one which does not stand for Christian 
„faith. There's Taft, who goes about talk- 
ing to our religious convocations; Bryan, 
who speaks up like a man for Christ and 
.the Bible and old-fashioned orthodoxy; 
JJughes, who stands four-square as a be- 
liever in Christian truth and righteousness; 
Governor Johnson and Judge Gray and the 
others. Why, fifty years ago any sort of 
a man was available; now infidelity is a 
hopeless handicap, and there isn't a shadow 
.of a chance for a godless man. ' ' 

"Third; our Legislators are neld to a 
stern reckoning by their Christian constit- 
uencies. Witness the recent performance 

in the New York Senate. The old-time Sen- 
ator or Eepresentative was accustomed to 
do as he pleased with reference to Anti- 
racing Bills, and the like, and snap his 
fingers in the face of morality; but now 
the people won't have it. A good sign! 
The Ten Commandments are cutting a wide 
swath in the Legislatures. Christian senti- 
ment has the, whip hand; and the Public 
Functionary who doubts that fact is ad- 
monished to beware the Ides of March." 

' ' Fourth ; the Christian people of our 
Country have discovered their strength. 
They are numerous enough and powerful 
enough to be the controlling factor in na- 
tional politics; and they know it. Straws 
show which way the wind blows. When Mr. 
Koosevelt erased ' In God we trust ' from 
our coinage, the people said, ' That was a 
mistake. We want Congress to put it back'; 
and Congress did it. When the Jews in 
New York City succeeded, by a still hunt, 
in putting an end to the singing of Christ- 
mas anthems in the Public Schools, the peo- 
ple said to the Board of Commissioners, 
' This is a Christian Country. ' And that 
was enough. The damage was repaired at 
once. So it goes always. The Christians 
of America have their way; as, within rea- 
sonable bounds, they ought and mean to 
have it. ' ' 

' ' Fifth ; the Churches of America are 
finding themselves. They are steadily get- 
ting together for the pushing of those great 
enterprises which make for truth and right- 
eousness among all sorts and conditions of 
men. There never was so much real, sen- 

Mission of the Christian College 

The mission of a college is complex. The 
responsibility of its president is many-sided. 
What is the field of the small college in the 
■educational world? What is the mission of 
the Christian college as distinguished from 
■other colleges? 

Broadly, the field of the small college is 
defined by its inherent limitations. A small 
faculty and a small enrollment can provide 
neither teachers nor students for a wide 
range of elective courses. Library and lab- 
oratory facilities are usually too meager to 
permit of extensive specializing. These lim- 
itations distinctly separate the small college 
from the university. The business of the 
university is to train specialists. The busi- 
ness of the college is to develop men. Each 
is of incalculable value. Each aids the work 
of the other. The college may begin the 
work of special training. The university 
furthers the development of men. The es- 
sential thing to recognize is that the mis- 
sion of the small college is not to give tech- 
jiical, professional or other specialized 
training, but to offer those general courses 
which experience has found to be most ef- 
fective in the development of power and 

The small college may properly emphasize 
■one or another department of its work ac- 
cording to the particular need of its con- 
stituency. In this one field specialized 
courses may profitably be offered as the de- 
mand may require. Such specialization gives 
an institution a distinct mission and indi- 
viduality without impairing its character- 
istic advantages as a small college. 

The boundary of the college field on the 
aide of the secondary or preparatory school 
is so well fixed and so well understood as 
to need no discussion. The college course 
is now built squarely upon the four years' 
curriculum of the high school. 

Between trie high school and the graduate 
schools of the university are the four years 
of college. In the life of the student this 
period commonly falls between the ages of 

eighteen and twenty-three. In them the high 
school boy becomes the college-trained man, 
ready to enter upon the study and work of 
a .particular calling. The degree of suc- 
cess he will attain in his vocation will be 
largely determined by the discipline he has 
received in his college course. The use he 
will make of his vocation in service to so- 
ciety will be largely determined by the 
ideals he has gained from his college as- 

The small college possesses distinct ad- 
vantages for providing the needed discipline 
and associations for this strategic period of 
youth. Her very limitations are her 
strength. Just as in the university the nar- 
rowed field of study conduces to thorough- 
ness in scholarship, so in the small college 
the narrowed field of personal association 
conduces to enective character building. 
Personal contact is the most important 
factor in education. Nowhere are condi- 
tions so favorable for close personal con- 
tact between teachers and students as in the 
small college. Where the enrollment does 
not exceed three or four hundred every stu- 
dent knows each member of the faculty and 
feels the impress of his personality. At 
this, the most vital point in education, the 
small college possesses unique advantage. 

Similarly, in the small college, each stu- 
dent is impressed by the individuality of 
every other student. There is no occasion 
a larger body of students tends to divide 

What though in station lowly and obscure, 
Unnoticed of the throngs that hasten by, 
We toil at tasks with use to us unknown, 
If, passing through the pearly gates on 

We see with vision glorifi'd and pure, 
The stones we shap'd in pain built in his 


— W. H. Bagby. 

sible denominational union as now. Evan- 
gelism is in the air. Movements are every- 
where on foot for the conversion of immi- 
grants and the lapsed masses. There are 
"forward movements" in Home Missions, 
"forward movements" in Foreign Missions, 
"forward movements" in every sort of 
Christian work. There never was so much 
energy invested, never so much money con- 
tributed, never such a display of wisdom, 
enthusiasm and genuine fellowship as in 
these days." 

"Oh, no! The pessimist in America must 
be a blind man. He can not read the logic 
of events. He thinks God is dead and the 
world whizzing through infinite space to in- 
evitable ruin. But Garfield was right, ' God 
still reigns and the Country is safe ! ' ' ' 

My spirits rose as my friend proceeded ; 
and, I confess, there seemed more Gospel in 
his words than in the jeremiad of rue mel- 
ancholy man in the pulpit. As we parted, 
I said, ' ' This is God 's country, 1 do be- 
lieve. ' ' 

And when we met again it was in an- 
other church, where the preacher's text was, 
"The Lord reigneth; let the earth rejoice! " 
It was the first Sunday in July; the pulpit 
was draped in the American colors, and the 
people sang, as if they meant it, 
"Our fathers' God, to Thee, 

Author of liberty, 
To thee we sing: 

Long may our land be bright 

With Freedom's holy light; 

Protect us by thy might 
Great God, our King!" 
New York. 

By President Miner Lee Bates 

itself. Mutual contact between various 
for the exclusive social groups into which 
types and degrees of culture during the 
youthful period of adaptation and frank 
responsiveness has large value for tne de- 
velopment of broad sympathies, sane judg- 
ment and independence of character. 

The distinctive mission of the Christian 
college is marked by its emphasis rather 
than by its limitations. Christian colleges 
have been founded because men believed 
that the ideal life, the adequate motive for 
its realization, and the ultimate hope of 
humanity are to be found only in Jesus 
Christ. If these colleges continue to be 
Christian in fact as t wed as in name it will 
be because in them the culture of Christian 
character and Christian ideals continues to 
be their first concern. 

This emphasis is not without its dangers. 
Supreme stress upon Christian character may 
lead to tolerance of low educational stand- 
ards. Zeal for the peculiar tenets of a 
religious body may develop into sectarian 
prejudice and intolerance. Effort to cul- 
tivate constantly and in all temperaments 
a religious fervor may produce a demonstra- 
tive sentimentalism or a professional piety 
which has no root in the actual Hie and 
must prove barren of all moral fruitage. 
Though these weaknesses are not uncommon 
they are by no means necessary. There is 
no good reason why a Christian college 
should be content with inferior educational 
standards, or be smitten with partisan blind- 
ness, or dissipate its religious convictions 
in excesses of religious emotion. 

The mission of the Christian college is to 
conserve and cultivate during the trying 
period of intellectual growth and re-ad- 
justment an intelligent, vital faith in the 
divine person and mission of Jesus Christ. 
Without such conviction the Christian ideal 
of righteousness can never be attained and 
the Christian ideal of service can never be 



July 2, 1908. 

Triie Education By H. H. Peters 

Occasionally some one announces that we 
need a new message. I do not see it this 
way. The message of the New Testament 
suits me. It can not be improved upon. 
But it has occurred to me for some time that 
we need a new method. Our people have 
always been perfectly rational m regard 
to the matter of culture in religion so far 
as theory is concerned; but our practice has 
not measured up to our theory, Eor years 
we have been announcing that one must 
grow in grace and in the knowledge of the 
truth. But we have not taken the inter- 
est in educational affairs which our theory 
warrants. Yet we are coming into a better 
day. Every activity of the church, con- 
gregational and general, will be carried on 
in the future along the line of educational 
methods. Since this is true, it is neces- 
sary once in a while to pause long enough 
to ask ourselves this question, What is true 
education ? 

The old idea of education was that it 
was a cramming process. It consisted 
in committing to memory facts and in 
learning rules. Its edicts were arbitrary 
and its methods were mechanical. The 
might of the rod was the law of pro- 
cedure. The new education deals with 
principles. It gives training and discipline. 
It trains men to think as well as commit. 
The old education learned rules; the new 

makes them by processes of investigation. 
My father was a teacher under the old order. 
He could repeat from memory every rule 
in the arithmetic and recite history by the 
yard. When my educational training reached 
the observing stage he was concerned about 
my intellectual welfare. He said I would 
never become a mathematician. He has not 
changed his mind. My experience is the 
common experience of most young men who 
have been trained according to present day 

Education ought to make a man self- 
governing. It ought to help a man to think 
and dispose of the problems of life as they 
come to him day by day. Herbert Spencer 
says, ' ' Bear constantly in mind the truth 
that the aim of your discipline should be 
to produce a self-governing being; not to 
produce a being to be governed. ' ' This is 
sound philosophy. The highest aim of true 
philosophy is to make a thinking man. Edu- 
cation, like character, must be formed from 
within. In fact, education is character. The 
truly educated person is in harmony with 
God and his world. He may not be able to 
recite dates or repeat rules from memory, 
but he is living the life of oneness with the 

Education and religion meet at the same 
point. Their aims ought to be identical. 
The highest aim of religion ought to be 
the noblest end of religion. Christianity 
says that Christ must be formed within us 

the hope of glory; true education says that 
we must be trained in the things that make 
for true living. I insist that they agree. 
True education can not be materialistic; it 
must be spiritual. "The soul culture is the 
culture of the soul. ' ' According to this- 
rule much that is called education is o say 
the least only partial. I once heard Arnold 
Tompkins in a lecture on ' ' The Beligion of 
Education" say, "Ask the teacher who un- 
derstands his business what he is trying to 
do, then ask the preacher who understands- 
his business the same question and you will 
find that they will agree in their statements. 
One may use pedagogical terms and the other 
may use theological terms, but they will be 
the same in meaning. ' ' If this be true it 
will be very profitable for us to loo" into 
the whole problem of Christian Education. 
The time has come for a thorough study 
of the laws and principles of the develop- 
ment of personality. Our Bible school prob- 
lem must be restudied. Our evangelism must 
be re-examined. The work of the preacher 
must be re-investigated. Our missionary so- 
cieties will be compelled to take auvantage 
of these principles more than tney are at 
the present time. In these matters the chil- 
dren of this generation are wiser t^an the' 

children of light. But we are learmn r 
fact, we are improving very rapidly 
end of cyclonic disturbances has com 
have reached the day of better methods 
us use them. 



Ante-Belium Religion m Old Missouri 



I read the Missouri edition of The 
Christian-Evangelist with a great deal 
of interest as it revives the old memories 
of the earlier days of that grand old state. 
The sketches of some of the first churches, 
coupled with the names of such splendid 
men as Moses E. Lard, J. W. McGarvey, D. 
T. Wright, Dr. W. H. Hopson, T. M. Allen, 
J. T. Johnson and another name, which you 
modestly omitted and I will supply, J. H. 
Garrison, and others, who have long since 
entered into life everlasting, are full of 
interest. The younger generation has no 
conception of the conditions that prevailed 
in those days, and were it not for the pathet- 
ic side, it would be amusing to read the 
annals of the work of the religious bodies 
of that time. 

At a venture I will give a short sketch 
of my early experience in the northern por- 
tion of the state, where my father, who was 
also a minister, located in the year 1857, 
more than fifty years ago and antedated 
the great civil war. If I mention names, it 
will be with no disrespect for the dead, for 
probably all the old pioneers are gone, leav- 
ing behind a more enlightened progeny, at 
least so far as the gospel of Christ is con- 
cerned. The place in mind was and is in 
Mercer county, four miles northwest of 
Princeton, the county seat. Nearly all of 
the settlers in that neighborhood were na- 
tives of East Tennessee and brought with 
them the peculiarities of that people. They 
were the best of neighbors, and would do 
you a favor even if it greatly discommoded 
themselves. Their language was the brogue 
of the south and carried with it many pro- 
vincial words that you had to learn before 
you could derive their meaning. Especially 
do I remember one family of two heads, the 
brothers Calvin and Caswell Brummitt, both 
being of the Methodist Protestant church, 
Calvin being a preacher. Both had large 
families and were the leading spirits of 
the community. Then there were the Clarks, 
the Phippses, the Bean family, the Biden- 
ours, the Whites and among others Uncle 
Johnny Gilbert, who by the way was a char- 
acter and always called things by Bible 

names. When the civil war broke out near- 
ly all of the young men went into the Union 
army and Uncle Johnny was an uncompro- 
mising union man and he dubbed the federal 
soldiers ' ' Joshuas. ' ' These former Tennes- 
seeans were intensely religious folk, and at 
that day meeting places were at the resi- 
dences of the people mostly, sometimes at 
the little log school house and at other times 
in the woods. When it came to religious 
matters, these folks were always ready for 
a "spute. " They certainly had the cour- 
age of their convictions until the point was 
lost to them, then they would gracefully 
submit. My father and Bradford Clark 
once got into an argument on the ■' ' mode ' ' 
of baptism, and of course father soon had 
the best of it, when Mr. Clark fell nack onto 
the old resource of pedo-baptists, that it was 
an impossibility for twelve men to immerse 
three thousand men in one day. Arithmetic 
was brought into play and in -a short time 
it was figured out how many one man could 
immerse in a given time, and Brother Clark 
made the proposition that he would act as 
the definite number and father could bap- 
tize him in lieu of the greater number be- 
ing present, until the full time was demon- 
strated, and offering at the same time to 
give father a cow if he could baptize him 
once in a minute and a half for thirty times. 
The time was set and the witnesses were 
present to call time and the party repaired 
to Weldon fork of Grand Biver and the 
test was made. About fifteen persons were 
present and it was one of the most exciting 
episodes of the "Old Tennessee*' neighbor- 
hood. The test baptisms proceeded, making 
less than the prescribed time, until the ninth 
dip, when Clark came up out of the water 
almost drowned, saying, "Brother Smith, 
you may take the cow, you have proven your 
side of the question to my entire satisfac- 
tion, but I still believe sprinkling is more 
convenient. " ' 

The church music was largely on the plan- 
tation order, consisting of repetitions and 
without regard to time or melody. Songs 
were all sung to the highest pitch attain- 
able, and like the fashionable but earnest 

prayers and loud sermons, Vd^e was the de- 
sideratum. The louder the song or mega- 
phone voice of the preacher the better, and 
the long but noisy prayer was the effective 
one. Shouting was the usual accompani- 
ment on all occasions. I remember a few 
lines of some of the popular songs and will 
give a few specimens, such as: 

"My body's bound for to moulder in the clay, 
My body's bound for to moulder in the clay; 
My soul is a marching on." 

"Say, fathers, will you meet us, 
Say. fathers will you meet us, 
On Canaan's happy shore?" 

And so on till the mothers, brothers, sis- 
ters and neighbors were all included in the 

"O! where is good old Moses, 

O ! where is good old Moses, 

O ! where is good old Moses ? 

Safe in the promised land." 

"By and by we'll go and see him, 
"By and by we'll go and see him, 

By and by we'll go and see him; 

Safe in the promised land." 

And so on with the prophets and notable 
Bible characters till the catalogue was ex- 
hausted. These are only a few of the many, 
all bearing a close relationship with each 
other as to subject. Since that long time 
ago period. I have been led to believe that 
most of these good, well-meaning but primi- 
tive worshipers did actually sing themselves 
into the "Sweet by and by,*' the desire to 
reach that place seemed to be the burden 
of their songs and prayers. 

In justice to the memory of my father, 
I will state that he refused to accept the 
cow for demonstrating the possibility of 
immersing a man in a minute and a half 's 
time. Fifty-one years has wrought a won- 
derful change in the conditions in Missouri. 
The public school has and is leaving its 
impress on the people and as the people be- 
come more educated and informed, the old 
' f things are passed away, and all things 
have become new," and all for the better. 





Church Membership: A Symposium 

The following propositions and questions 
were sent to a number of our leading 
preachers : 


1. There is something in the earth which 
Jesus recognizes as his body, the Church. 

2. O'here is also the local congregation, 
which is not the whole Church, but is the 
church at that place (not city, but street). 


1. Is not every Christian a member of 
the first? 

2. Is not every member of the first a 

3. If a man is a Christian ami a member 
of the church of Christ, by what authority 
and on what grounds can any man, or body 
of me 1 4 refuse him membership in the local 
church' V 

I give the answers these men made : 

B. B. Tyler did not answer, i presume 
my letter to him was lost in the mails, as it 
bore my return address. J. H. Garrison 
said he would wait for the symposium, and 
"perhaps" add his contribution. L. M. 
Sniff replies, but notifies me that it is not 
for publication. 

C. L. Loos says: "If any one is actually 
a member of the Church, i. e., the Church 
gen^T ' * .he is, of course, also a memoer of 
one . the congregations that constitute 
the Cnureh. I do not see how any one can 
deny this. Of course a congregation can 
decide whether any one is a true member 
of the Church. There is no other body to 
decide. However, for a congregation to de- 
cide wrongfully to exclude a member and 
this member still be a member of the Church 
of Christ," would not affect his real reli- 
gious status. 

Then I askeft Brother Loos this : "If a 
■incere man who has been sprinkled should 
offer himself for. membership in the local 
church, would you receive him, or would you 
decide that he is not a Christian?" 

To this he made reply: "My religious 
views and practices are in strict accordance 
with the New Testament. I allow no reli- 
gious sentiments of mine to counteract the 
word of God. I know of no unbaptized 
members of the Church of Christ, and of 
no baptism but the immersion of penitent 
believers. Here I rest the whole matter. I 
do not allow any views of my own to con- 
travene the Divine Word. I allow myself 
no liberty of that sort, as so many others 

A. B. Philputt says: "Every Christian 
is a member of the Body of Christ; i. e., 
every one who is formally a Christian. 2. 
I doubt very much whether every member 
of the Body of Christ, i. e., formally a 
member, is a Christian. If he is really a 
member he is a Christian, of course. 3. On 
no grounds that I can see; nor do I see why 
they should want to do so." 

Then I asked this : "If a sincere man 
who had been sprinkled should offer him- 
self for membership in the local church, 
would you receive him, or would you de- 
cide that he is not a Christian?" 

This letter, also, was lost in the mails, as 
it brought no reply and was not returned to 

J. B. Briney says: "Your first proposi- 
tion is unquestionably correct. I am not 
sure whether the Scripture recognizes a plu- 
rality of independent churches or congre- 
gations in a city or not. There are some 
things that seem to indicate that all the 
disciples in a given city constitute the 
Church of that city. I unhesitatingly an- 
swer your first and second questions in the 
affirmative. As to the third, I may say I 
am acquainted with no ground upon which 
any Christian, in the New Testament sense 

of that term, can be refused membership 
in any local Church of Christ. ' ' 

Then I asked : "If a sincere man who 
had been sprinkled should offer himself for 
membership in the local church, would you 
receive him, or would you decide that he is 
not a Christian?" 

In answer he says: "I would not receive 
into the membership of a local congregation 
any unimmersed person. The term ' Chris- 
tian' has such a wide and elastic meaning 
in our day that one would be liable to be 
misunderstood if he should say that no un- 
immersed person is a Christian. I will say, 
however,;, that m my understanding of the 
Scriptures, no one was called a Christian 
in the days of the apostles except a bap- 
tized (immersed) penitent believer. In 
other words, no one was regarded as a 
Christian who was not of the Body of 
Christ, and no one could enter that Body 
without being immersed." 

Herbert L. Willett says: "My answers 
would be: (1) Yes. (2) Yes, provided 
his character and conduct are such as to 
be worthy of recognition by Jesus. (3) A 
local congregation can only refuse mem- 
bership to one who claims to be a Christian, 
on the ground that he has not fulfilled, or 
is not fulfilling, the conditions of church 
membership. Every local church has such 
rights and can take such action on these 
grounds. Such action must, of course, rest 
for its validity upon the conviction of the 
local church that something is wrong in the 
status of the one to whom recognition is 
denied. ' ' 

Then I asked this: "If a sincere man 
who had been sprinkled should offer him- 
self for membership in a local congrega- 
tion, would you receive him, or would you 
decide that he is not a Christian?" 

This letter presumably was lost in the 
mails also. 

A. B. Jones says: "This question over- 
looks the fact that the Church of Christ on 
earth to-day exists in an abnormal condi- 
tion, and that this necessitates an abnor- 
mal procedure in our efforts to restore the 
Church to its normal condition." 

Then I said : ' ' Would you receive into 
the membership of the local church a sin- 
cere man who had taken sprinkling for bap- 
tism, or would you decide that he is not a 
Christian.' ' 

His answer was in one word, ' ' Neitner. ' ' 

Then I asked : ' ' Then, by what authori- 
ty or on what grounds, do you refuse to 
take into the local church one who is a 
Christian and member of the Body or 
Church of Christ?" 

His answer was : ' ' On the ground that 
he has not been baptized, a prerequisite to 
church membership. ' ' 

I have not asked Brother Jones to ex- 
plain how Daptism is a prerequisite to 
(local) church membership, but not to 
membership in the Body or Church of 
Christ. Perhaps he will explain it to the 
readers of The Christian-Evangelist. 

Here is the gist of the whole matter: A 
Christian is a baptized believer. There is 
no use or logic or good sense in saying "in 
the New Testament sense," or putting in 
any qualifying words. I think these men 
all must agree that every Christian is enti- 
tled to local church membership, and to 
every privilege of the Christian. This view 
I hold: We can take this scriptural ground 
and give credit to all for Christian char- 
acter and Christian living and godliness and 
piety, and love them as such, and be con- 
sistent and be respected for our convictions. 

Morristown, Ind. E. L. crazier. 

[We do not wonder that one of Brother 
Erazier's questions was "lost in the mail" 
so frequently. It asks for the decision of 

a question that must be decided in a higher 
court. We are authorized to receive bap- 
tized believers into our local churches, and 
none others, because these are the New 
Testament conditions of church member- 
ship. As to whether any one who fails to 
comply with the ordinance of baptism is, or 
is not, a Christian, is known to Him who 
knows the heart and its motives, and 
whether such an one has obeyed Christ to 
the best of his ability. If he has, accord- 
ing to Alexander Campbell's definition of 
a Christian, he is a Christian, despite his 
defective obedience. But that does not an- 
nul the conditions of church membership. 
Brother Jones' answer is entirely correct 
when he says he would ' ' neither ' ' receive 
such an unbaptized person nor deny that 
he is a Christian. Nearly every departure 
from the New Testament terms of church 
membership comes from the attempt to de- 
cide this question which Brother Frazier 
raises, and to base church membership on 
the decision. The Lord has not laid any 
such task upon us. Let us stand loyally by 
the terms of church membership, as they 
are given by him, as we understand them, 
and manifest charity to all men; so shall 
we most surely meet with Christ's approval. 

[Since the foregoing comment was writ- 
ten, Brother Frazier has forwarded a letter 
received from Prof. Willett, which he asks 
us to add to the symposium. It will be ob- 
served that he, too, answers the last ques- 
tion ' ' neither, ' ' and believes still in stand- 
ing by the conditions of church membership 
as we have always understood them. — 
— Editor.] 

Dear Brother Frazier: In response to 
your recent letter, let me say that I should 
Hold unquestionably that every one who is 
a member of the body of Christ is a Chris- 

That every Christian is a member of the 
Church of Christ. 

Such a person can not, upon scriptural 
grounds, be refused membership in the lo- 
cal church unless it was felt by the man 
or men who would thus receive him that 
the practice of the local church, or of the 
body of which it w r as a part, required com- 
pliance with additional requirements beyond 
those recognized by the Church at large as 
essential to salvation. 

The question which you ask in your ap- 
pended paragraph proposes a dilemma 
which does not exist. You say, "In any 
view of this, would you receive a sincere 
man who had been sprinkled into the local 
church, or would you decide that he was not 
a Christian?" I should do neither one. If 
to the full extent of his ability to under- 
stand the scriptures he believed himself a 
follower of Christ, and lived a life con- 
sistent with this profession, I should count 
him a Christian and treat him as such. In 
the question of receiving him into the local 
church, there would remain the additional 
point of his compliance with the custom and 
practice of that local church, or the body 
to which it belonged. The Disciples rec- 
ognize their brethren of other churches as 
Christians. At the same time they do not 
receive them into fellowship without in- 
sistence upon immersion. In other words, 
they require for membership in their own 
churches, as a matter of full obedience, that 
which they do not hold as essential to sal- 
vation. With this practice of the Disciples 
I have always stood and stand to-day. Very 
sincerely yours, Herbert L. Willett. 



July 2, 190S;. 

— Education! 

— It belongs to patriotism. 

— Here 's to the birthday of the Eepublic ! 

— Long may it be cherished in every land ! 

— Long may we keep our country true to 
the highest ideals for the welfare of man 
and the glory of God! 

■ — And here's to our colleges, where the 
highest kind of patriotism is fostered, 
where morality and religion, sheet anchors 
of our liberty, and the foundation and per- 
petuity of our government, are inculcated. 

— We make no excuses for giving large 
space in our annual educational number to 
the cause of the colleges. It has been a 
neglected cause, but is now recognized by 
thinking men as one of the most funda- 
mental parts of our work. The educated 
man and woman is increasingly in demand. 
If the Christian churches are to be among 
the controlling forces of the future, we must 
provide men and women well trained. 

— Study what we are doing in our college 
work and seek to understand the needs of 
the colleges, and help them by your co-op- 
eration to meet the requirements that are 
demanded of them and us. 

— The Editor-in-Chief has gone to his 
lakeside summer retreat. Those who think 
that this means one long holiday for him, 
an occasion for ease and luxury, labor un- 
der one of those mistakes that many people 
make who know nothing of newspaper work. 
We direct their attention to the ' ' Easy 
Chair" page in this issue. 
♦j. .*. •$> 

— We have received two of the college 

— F. H. Cumming has taken the work at 
Palmyra, 111., havemg removed from Pon- 

— We call attention to Brother Abbott's 
request for date and places of county con- 

— Claude (J. Jones, of the 34th St. Church, 
Washington, has taken charge of the work 
at New Bern, N. C. 

— We will be glad if Wm. A. Ward, the 
evangelist, will send his present P. 0. ad- 
dress, as we have mail for him. 

■ — Congress has appropriated $1,500,000 
for the American exhibit at the proposed 
exposition at Tokyo, Japan, in 1910. 

— J. L. Darsie, of Hiram, O., has been 
recalled to the Fifty-sixth Street Church, 
New York City, to fill the pulpit for a sea- 

— Dr. Herbert Martin, of the First 
Church, Brooklyn, has just sailed for Eu- 
rope, to be gone until the middle of Sep- 

■ — J. L. Greenwell, of Seattle, Wash., was 
asked to deliver the Church Extension ad- 
dress at the Oregon and Western Washing- 
ton Conventions. 

— Word comes to us from Sister Jennie 
Fletcher that T. A. Abbott dedicated the 
Goshen Christian Church near Caiusville, 
Mo., on June 7. It cost $3,000. 

— J. E. Middleton has been recalled to 
take charge of the church at Lewis, Kan. 
He served it as pastor for three years un- 
til last fall, when he removed to Garfield. 

— Phil. A. Parsons has just closed his 
work with the church at Plainfield, N. J., 
and goes to Hamilton, 111. Brother Par- 
sons has been a hard worker in a difficult 

— Prof. F. E. Truckscss, lately assistant 
pastor of the Christian Church at Lafayette, 
Ind., but now in the field as a song-evan- 

gelist, has moved his family to his old home 
at Brownsburg, Ind. 

— Ernest J. Doley, who has just gradu- 
ated from Bethany College, sails to-day for 
his home in Adelaide, S. Australia, and 
after a visit to his parents will return via 
Oxford, England. 

— We regret to hear that E. B. Widger 
has been compelled to go to the hospital 
due to straining himself by some lifting in 
his interest in the erection of the new church 
at Jefferson City, Mo. 

- — C. F. Stevens, Spokane, Wash., is cor- 
dially considering a move toward the liv- 
ing-link in the Foreign Society for that 
church. The recent visit of Dr. Boyal J. 
Dye greatly stirred the church. 

- — Koscoe B. Hill, missionary of the For- 
eign Society, at Matanzas, Cuba, reports 
eight recent baptisms at Union, one of the 
out-stations from Matanzas. This makes 
thirty-one baptisms at this point this year. 

— C. M. Smithson, having declined a call 
„o remain at Flora, HI., another year, ex- 
pects to enter the evangelistic field Sep- 
tember 1, and has arrangements made for 
September and October and possibly Novem- 

— Plans are on foot for a revival in Oc- 
tober at Sharon, Kan., with E. A. Newby 
as evangelist. S. E. Hendrickson, the preach- 
er, reports that the brethren at Haselton, 
where he also ministers, have rented the 
Presbyterian Churcn for a year. 

— The work goes along at Guthrie, Okla., 
under T. L. Noblitt. The building has just 
been repaired. The church gave $25 to 
foreign missions and the Children's Day 
offering was $17.91. Brother Noblitt is in 
demand for many special addresses. 

— William Durban, our English corre- 
spondent, sailed last week on the ' ' Maure- 
tania ' ' tor his home, after a brief visit to 
his daughter and son-in-law. We hope 
Brother Durbau will get over next year for 
the Centennial ana see some of this country^ 

■ — B. B. Tyler was elected a life member 
of the Executive Committee of the Inter- 
national Sunday-School Association and to 
his place on the lesson committee, which he 
filled for eighteen years, Prof. H. is. Cal- 
houn, of the Bible College, Lexington, Ky., 
was appointed. 

— The Bible school at Shenandoah, la., 
has more than doubled its attendance since 
T. J. Golightly took the work there in Feb- 
ruary. A Young Ladies ' Mission circle has 
been organized and an adult class for men 
of fifty. A teacher training class is now 
being organized. 

- — Eochester Irwin, of Washburn, ill., re- 
ports the ordination there of Adam Birley 
to the Christian ministry. He is about 
forty years of age and has a thorough 
knowledge of the Scriptures. He would like 
to locate somewhere in Oklahoma or north- 
ern Texas. His work of the past has been 
that of a printer. 

— The financial statement issued by Al- 
fred R. Kimball, treasurer of the Inter- 
Church Conference on Federation, shows a 
deficit yet in the apportionment of the Dis- 
ciples of Christ. Those who are willing 
to help extinguish that deficit are requested 
to address the treasurer as above at 81 
Bible House, New York City. 

— B. F. Norris has resigned his pastorate 
at Cabool, Mo., because of its distance from 
his home. He has served this church six 
years, during which time it has grown into 
one of our best churches in South Missouri. 
J. D. Pontius, a consecrated and able young 
minister who has been quite successful in 
the state, has taken charge of the work. 

— There is a great disposition among our 
churches to send their ministers to the Na- 
tional Convention and provide their ex- 
penses. This is right. The missionary cause 
is the business of the whole congregation 

and not of the preacher alone. Seventy- 
six Baptist churches paid the expenses of 5 
their pastors to the Northern Baptist Con- 
vention, at Oklahoma City, in May last. 

— S. J. Vance has just held a good meet- 
ing at Collville, Wash. A few earnest 
brethren here without a pastor began the 
work of building a church and within a 
very short time have erected, practically- 
free of debt, the finest and largest church 
building in the city, which cost $7,000. 

— We regret that Milo Atkinson, whose 
leave of absence from his pulpit at Coving- 
ton, Ky., we announced last week, has had a 
relapse, and for several days has been in a 
very serious condition. Our last report was 
that the surgeon's knife seemed inevitable. 
Mrs. Atkinson solicits the prayers of the 
brethren in his behalf. 

— The management of the Bible College 
of Missouri will seek to respond to all invita- 
tions to assist in county meetings. Prof. G. 
D. Edwards is in the field representing the 
college, and may be addressed at Columbia.. 
Mo. Others in close touch with the college 
may be secured for addresses and sermons. 
Address either Prof. Edwards or Dean W. J. 
Lhamon, Columbia, Mo. 

— The last service has been held in the 
schoolhouse on the S. L. W. Eanch at Gree- 
ley, Colorado, where the congregation has 
met since its organization four and a half 
years ago. J. E. Lynn, pastor of Central 
Church, Warren, O., who is spending his vaca- 
tion in this community, preached the ser- 
mons. There were seven accessions. On 
Sunday, June 28, the new building was ded- 

— The congregation at Nelsonville, Ohio r . 
will dedicate their new $13,000 church on 
July 19. President Miner Lee Bates, of 
Hiram College, will have charge of the cere- 
monies. A nearty invitation is extended to 
all former pastors and members who have 
moved to other points and to the nearby 
churches to enjoy this occasion with the 
Nelsonville brethren. Walter Scott Cook is 
the minister. 

— M. J. Nicoson will, we understand, not- 
take the work at Clarksville, Tenn. Special 
reasons made it seem imperative to him to> 
remain at Keokuk. Dan Trundle has been. 
preaching several Lord's days for the 
Clarksville church and reports enthusiasm . 
in the work there growing. We learn from 
him that Senator Carmack, who was mak- 
ing the race against Gov. Patterson, belongs 
to the Christian Church. 

■ — After a strenuous winter's work Geo. 
P. Eutledge has been granted a two months 
vacation by the Third Christian Church at 
Philadelphia. He has taken a cottage at 
Cape May Point, N. J., and will be there 
during July and August. All departments 
of his church have been doing good work. 
There have been additions almost every Sun- 
day since the first of November, and the 
Children's Day offering was $325. 

— The Annual Convention of the Church 
of Christ of Prince Edward Island will be 
held at Summerside, July 11-13. During the 
convention there will be the dedication of 
the new church building which is just being 
completed. An enthusiastic gathering of the 
forces is anticipated. John H. McQuerry, 
minister of the church at Charlottetown. 
writes us that any visiting brethren will be 
gladly received. They are asked, if they are 
going to the island on a vacation trip, to 
plan to be at Summerside during the con- 


in this issue, and, if interested, 
in answering: them 


July 2, 1908. 



— G. H. Bassett sees a field full of prom- 
ise at Salisbury, Mo., where the attendance 
at church and Bible school is increasing. A 
Junior Endeavor Society has been organ- 
ized. A Senior Society and Training class 
are to be. The Centennial aims are to double 
the Bible school, have organized adult class- 
es, induce all students to unite with the 
•church, while a new building, a greatly in- 
creased membership, deepening of the spir- 
itual life, and co-operation in all mission- 
ary efforts is the purpose of the congrega- 

— J. D. Greer has been nearly four years 
at Laddonia, Mo., and has not labored in 
vain. There have been about 150 accessions, 
mostly by confession and baptism. The 
•church is in line with co-operative mission- 
ary work, and the offerings have been in- 
creased. The Bible school is almost ideal, 
and its worthy superintendent, J. C. DeLa- 
porte has been at its head for over twenty 
years. The Y. P. S. C. E. has done an ex- 
cellent work. There is a teacher training 
and a Forward Mission Study class, and the 
congregation hopes to do its part in re- 
alizing Centennial aims. 

—J. B. Lockhart, at Clarence, Mo., re- 
joices with his congregation in the dedica- 
tion of a new $10,000 building. Going to the 
work there in January, 1907, Brother Lock- 
hart held a meeting resulting in 39 addi- 
tions. Then came the question of a new 
building. The house was completed some 
time ago, and will seat from 400 to 500 
people, and is the neatest and most com- 
plete in its part of the state. The women 
of the church raised about $1,500. The mem- 
bership is 160. This was L. L. Carpenter's 
716th dedication. The congregation feels 
that there is a bright future before it. 

— In our Missouri number reference was 
made to Wheeling, where W. H. Hook 
preaches, as being ' ' a little known place. ' ' 
Perhaps that description is hardly just. It 
is simply a little town, but is reasonably 
well known as far as towns go. Our con- 
gregation there is not large, but the major- 
ity of them are noble men and women. In 
the few months that Brother Hook has 
served them there have been 10 additions, 
nine by confession and baptism. The ap- 
portionment for their school on children's 
day was $35, and the amount will be raised. 
The school is in excellent condition. The 
official board of the church is worthy of 
special mention. 

— Committees have been appointed to set 
about the plans for a new church building 
at Carthage, Mo. Since D. W. Moore took 
the work there a determination to replace 
the present antiquated and small structure 
with a new temple of worship has come 
anew. The church already has a fund for 
a building and the minister stated recently 
that $15,000 more would give a capital 
with which a $35,000 building could be be- 
gun. A mass meeting is to be held in two 
weeks, when pledges for the building fund 
will be taken. The work is in a very hope- 
ful condition. Three additions last week 
made the number since Brother Moore took 
the work in March, amount to 49. 

— S. J. White entered upon the pastorate 
at Chillicothe, Mo., six months ago, and since 
then has had 48 additions with 100 per cent 
increase in the Bible school attendance and 
offerings. A good teacher training class 
and an Endeavor Society nave been organ- 
ized, $600 paid on the pipe organ, all mis- 
sionary offerings increased and 15 added to 
the C. W. B.' M. The Centennial aims are 
to get rid of all debts, increase all offerings, 
enlarge the school, and especially develop 
the church spiritually. Brother White has 
a good record behind him, and has held 
pastorates in Ohio, and at Cameron and 
Trenton, Mo., with about 1,400 additions, 
besides 800 added in his meetings. 

— After three years ' delay for lack of funds, 
work on the building for the West Side 
•Church of Christ, Bridgeport, Conn., is at 

last begun. The building finished as planned 
will cost about $6,000, but the basement fin- 
ish is being omitted, thus reducing the 
amount of present expenditures. ' ' This is 
a great undertaking for such a weak band 
of workers, ' ' writes W. B. Blakemore. ' ' All 
of our people are wage earners and only 
two families own homes. But friends have 
been raised up who are helping to bear the 
burden. Through the appeal of our .Ladies' 
Aid, many sister societies have helped by 
returning the little books with an offering. 
Let those who have not responded to this 
appeal do so as early as possible in order 
that We may be able to meet our obligations 
and that there may b6 no halt in the work. 
Our Bible school has had an average attend- 
ance of forty-eight in. May. This is an in- 
crease of one hundred per cent since the 
first of the year. We have a teacher training 
class, also an enthusiastic boys ' club un- 
der the leadership of one of our young men. 
The field is very difficult, but it oirers many 
opportunities. ' ' 

— J. W. Monser is well known to the 
brotherhood of Missouri especially, in 
which state his later years have been spent. 
He was baptized by O. A. Burgess at Eu- 
reka, 111., in 1859, at which place he was 
also ordained to preach the Gospel. He has 
held pastorates at Atlanta, 111., at Topeka, 

Kan., Des r.Xornes, ia., and at Warrens- 
burg, Mo. At present he lives in Kansas 
City, and preaches in adjacent congrega- 
tions. He was editor on a Sunday-school 
Commentary for five years, and is the au- 
thor of ' ' Follies of Free Thought, " " Types 
and Metaphors of the Bible," "Encyclo- 
pedia of Evidences ' ' and ' ' The Literature 
of the Disciples. ' ' He is at present pre- 
paring topical notes for an American Re- 
vised Version of the Bible. He considers 
the ten years that he spent as librarian of 
Missouri State University as among the 
most valuable of his life-work. He has al- 
ways been earnest and hopeful, and expects 
to labor up to the last of his life. 

— At the 45th annual business meeting 
of the Central Church, Syracuse, N. Y., the 
reports received from the various societies 
connected with the church were, writes C. G. 
Van Wormer, encouraging, and breathed 
a promise of future advancement. The Bible 
school especially is proceeding along new 
lines and has organized two supplementary 
societies — a sunshine club of girls and a 
boys' brigade. The church treasurer dis- 
bursed during the year $5,420.55, of which 
$400 was for missions and other affiliated 
interests, an increase over former years. 
With harmonious action it was decided to 
introduce the individual communion service, 
and it was a pleasing feature of the occa- 

sion when it was announced by Brother Se- 
rena that Sister William Foust desired the 
privilege of presenting a service to the 
church, "in memoriam" of her husband, 
who was a loved and honored elder some 
thirty years. Some improvements have been 
made to the church jiroperty as well as 
changes in the internal arrangements to ren- 
der the work of the several societies more 
convenient. There were 32 accessions dur- 
ing the year and a new year is entered with 
a membership ol 306 and an inspiration and 
hope for larger things. 


Herbert L. Willett pointed ou that we 
had a great message when we numbered only 
a thousand people. He warned us against 
being careless about the things for which 
we stand, and for which we came into ex- 

C. M. Chilton's remark about the hys- 
teria, etc., with which much of the Sunday- 
school campaign is characterized, was felt 
to be much needea, and frequent reference 
was made to his fine statement about evan- 
gelism and the children. 

Brother Boyd, of Covington, Ky., who 
is an inveterate attendant of our iNational 
Conventions and the Congress, happened to 
be in the West at the time of the Missouri 
Convention, and made a point of attending 
>ts sessions. 


C. A. Finch had many bright things to 
say in his address. Brother Finch has been 
long identified with the state work in Kan- 

Dr. Willett preceded his second address 
by stating that he thought that it might 
be considered a very appropriate thing that 
the Disciples of Christ should always meet 
where there is much water. 

F. W. Burnham, in acknowledging a gra- 
cious introduction, said that he was ' ' born 
in the Sucker State and of Yankee parent- 
age, and didn't think that anything good 
could oe said of him." 

As illustrating the ignorance of Bible 
knowledge which is so prevalent, Robert M. 
Hopkins told a story about one woman who, 
when asked to represent some character in 
the Bible at a social meeting said she would 
take St. Patrick. 

® @ 

As We Go to Press. 

Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Danville, 111., June 29. — Seventy-seven 
converts yesterday; closed with 1,005. 
Pastors Ainsworth, Jones, Scott and George 
Smith continue meeting in their separate 
churches three days this week. Taberna- 
cle seated 3,000. UHom, Vancamp and 
myself enjoyed this grand fellowship with 
these workers; great blessing followed. — 
Charles Reign Scoville. 
Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Belton, Tenn., June 29. — Great congre- 
gations in skating rink; adult and sunbeam 
chorus of 200 voices; 51 additions to date. 
W. M. Williams, pastor; Professor Hog- 
gett, chorister. — John L. Brandt, evangel- 
Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Amarillo, Texas, June 29.— One hundred 
and twenty-seven additions; stormed out 
last night; close Wednesday night. Fulton, 
Ky., next. — Fife and son, evangelists. 

Send for our Catalogue. 

Christian Publishing Company, 

St. Louis, Mo. 



July 2, 190S. 

— Dean W. J. Lhamon, assisted by Sing- 
ing Evangelist O. J. Marks, is in a promis- 
ing meeting at Holden, Mo. Prom July 20 
till near the close of August Dean Lhamon 
will be engaged in Chautauqua work in 
Kansas, Missouri and Iowa. 

— At Warren, Mo., the house has been 
remodeled, and for the first time a home 
mission offering was taken. The Bible 
school here has more than doubled since 
January. R. B. Havener gives one- fourth 
of his labor here. 

—The Central Church of Toledo, O., has 
provided for its debt of $4,000, pledges 
enough being secured to permit a thorough 
redecoration. The Bible school rooms are 
already fmisiied. This congregation moves 
forward unitedly. There are additions near- 
ly every Sunday and the services are to con- 
tinue through the summer months, though 
many of the down-town churches have al- 
ready closed. Grant W. Speer is the min- 

—The work at Shelbyville, Mo., where R. 
B. Havener ministers, is in good condition. 
The offering for missions was $200, more 
than double what the, church did last year, 
and over 75 per cent of the membership now 
have fellowship in the offering. A meeting 
is planned for August, with E. M. Smith, 
of Centralia, as preacher and C. E. Wagner, 
of Palmyra, leading the singing. It is ex- 
pected, too, that the church building will 
be remodeled before the meeting. 

— We had the pleasure of a call from C. 
H. Nichols on his return from the Inter- 
national Sunday-school Convention at Louis- 
ville. Brother Nichols is a bright repre- 
sentative of the Disciples of Christ who has 
the honor to be Secretary of the Oklahoma 
Sunday-school Association. We are giad to 
note this widening influence of our breth- 
ren, who, instead of being tabooed as they 
have been for so many years, are at last 
making an entry into some of the great co- 
operative Christian work. 

— Andrew P. Johnson, pastor of the First 
Church, of Bethany, Mo., recently gave a 
banquet to 125 business men of the town. 
After a bountiful feast a number of 
speeches were made on vital subjects by the 
leading men of the town. This banquet was 
to arouse interest in a contemplated series 
of sermons to the business men. These fur- 
nish the subjects, and already much good 
has been accomplished by this move. An 
adult class of young men is being organized, 
and about 40 are ready to enter now. 

—The trustees and the alumni of South 
Kentucky College, Hopkinsville, Ky., by 
unanimous vote, changed the name to ' ' Mc- 
Lean College," in honor of A. McLean, 
President of the Foreign Christian Mission- 
ary Society. This step has long been under 
consideration. The trustees believe it will 
greatly promote the interest of the College 
to have a name less local and more universal 
in its significance. The College honors it- 
self in taking the name of Archibald Mc- 
Lean, for he stands for the best in Chris- 
tian life. 

— Mrs. F. A. Curtius reports that at Chaf- 
fee, Mo., a Christian church has been or- 
ganized with 25 charter members, four of 
whom were by confession. The outlook is 
bright. Chaffee is a new town, located in 
Scott county, Missouri. It is a railroad 
town of about 1,800 population, and has 
three churches — Methodist, Baptist and 
Catholic. The relations between these have 
been pleasant; but there was no Christian 
church and had been no preaching of our 
simple faith until two weeks ago. They are 
planning to have a tent meeting in July or 

— The question comes to us as to whether 
a cross surmounting the cupola of the church 
is objectionable, and should be removed. 
One of our churches in a given community 
exchanged buildings with the Baptist Church 
which had the cross on it, and some have 

objected to it. The only possible objection 
would be that this symbol is so generally 
monopolized by Roman Catholics that the 
character of the church might be misunder- 
stood by strangers; but in a small town this 
would hardly be possible, and we see no 
objection to the sign on a Christian Church. 
It is perhaps the most fitting symbol that 
could be possibly used for a church of a 
crucified Saviour. There is no good rea- 
son why Roman Catholics should be allowed 
to monopolize it. 

—Howard T. Cree, of the First Church, 
Augusta, Ca., recently inaugurated a series 
of Sunday evening services m the open air 
which has attracted favorable comment from 
the press of the city and is patronized by 
constantly increasing crowds. Large arc 
lights have been installed, benches and chairs 
brought into requisition, a cabinet organ 
is used and a speaker's platform has been 
erected on the lawn adjoining the church. 
In the midst of summer's heat it has been 
found an ideal place for holding services 
and the idea might well be utilized by oth- 
ers during the summer months. The music 
is made a specially attractive feature and 
it is found that many are brought within 
the radius of the church 's influence who 
heretofore had been unreached. 

— A new congregation has been organized 
at Milwaukee, Wis. For more than twenty 
years, in this city, now having a population 
of 350,000, we have had but one congrega- 
tion. Some 23 members, most of whom 
withdrew from the church on the south side, 
with its sympathy and support, have just 
organized a Second Church of Christ. Claire 
L. Waite, of the First Church, says that 
Rupert A. Nourse, formerly of Des Moines, 
la., deserves great praise for his great cour- 
age and efficient work in starting the new 
cause. Secretary Wm. J. Wright visited 
Milwaukee recently and his inspiring ad- 
dress called out $375, the largest offering 
ever made there for home missions. It is 
hoped that by next fall a city missionary 
can be secured to take charge of the new 

■ — H. F. Burns has resigned at Peoria, 
111., to take effect the last Lord's day in 
July. In his three years' ministry there 
have been 380 additions to the membership 
and offerings to missions have been in- 
creased and the current income last year 
was $1,000 more than during any previous 
year. The best work of Bro. Burns has been 
in the Sunday-school, which has been reor- 
ganized, a graded system being introduced so 
that the school is now using a regular text 
book series with note books and other mod- 
ern equipment. The enrollment is 250. The 
spirit of closer co-operation with the de- 
nominations has prevailed in the work, and 
at a recent annual banquet there were "pres- 
ent members of the First Baptist Church, 
Theodore G. Soares making the chief speech 
on closer relations between Baptists and 

— Geo. L. Snively dedicated a beautiful 
building at New Berlin, O. Robert B. Chap- 
man is the minister. The cost was about 
$18,000 and $20,000 was the amount raised. 
The Netz sisters and C. H. Altheide added 
to the pleasures of the day by their music. 
The organ has been enlarged. John Evans, 
who has so long served as one of the elders, 
writes us that the building is one of the 
most beautiful and best equipped of any in 
that county. It has concrete foundation, 
brick veneer walls, bowled floor for the au- 
ditorium, is finely finished and has every 
facility for work and worship. The min- 
ister has won his way into the hearts of 
the people, both through his ministry of 
the Word and his pastoral work, while his 
wife is a worthy helpmeet. There is here 
a good Sunday-school with an average at- 
tendance of about 180, a large men's club 
doing good work, and the audiences are 

An Important Request. 
Dear Brethren ! Will you not please noti- 
fy me at once of the date of your countv 
convention and the place of gathering? Do 
not say that brother so and so will surely 
do that; you do it, and do it now. 

T. A. Abbott, 
311 Century Building. 
Kansas City, Mo. 

® # 

The Work in Mexico. 

My family and I have been in Mexico 
eight weeks. The American department of 
the Christian institute closed in May. The 
Mexican department closed last week. Both 
gave excellent entertainments. In the 
American department four received certifi- 
cates of graduation; in the Mexican four- 
teen received them. 

A notable advance has been made in the 
Mexican work by the purchase of property 
for the congregation in San Luisito. This 
is across the river from Monterey proper, 
and has a population of more than 10,000. 
among whom this little congregation of 40 
persons stands alone. Manuel Lozano, who 
has for several years been assistant pastor 
of the Central Mexican congregation, has 
gone to San Antonio, Tex., to become pas- 
tor of the new work there. He is one of the 
choice spirits, and we regret to give him up. 

Among the young preachers that go out 
for work this summer is Juan Flores, who is 
to preach at Sabinal, Tex. He is an excel- 
lent student, and a bright future awaits him. 

The Mexican teachers have all been en- 
gaged for another year. The American con- 
gregation is growing in interest and work. 
Several of the mission family are away on 
their vacation. The Mexican teachers will 
begin this week a systematic Bible study to 
be continued during the summer. They are 
to use these studies in cottage meetings 
which they are intending to hold in differ- 
ent parts of the city. I. H. Fuller. 

Monterey, Mexico. 

A Deserved Honor. 

A well deserved honor has been conferred 
upon President Clinton Lockhart, of Texas 
Christian University, by Kentucky Univer- 
sity, from which institution he graduated 
with the degree of A. B. in '86, and A. M. 
in '88. The honorary degree of Doctor of 
Laws was conferred upon him by his Alma 
Mater at its recent commencement, notice of 
which came as a surprise to President 
Lockhart. His Ph. D. degree was conferred 
by Yale University in '94. 

Professor Anderson, of Texas Christian 
University, writes : ' ' For more than twen- 
ty years President Lockhart has been very 
prominently connected with the various lines 
of church work and the development of the 
system of education under the direction of 
the Christian church. His services have 
been used by the church in various capaci- 
ties, prominent among which are the posi- 
tions held as director of the Bible chair 
work, Ann Arbor, Mich.; president of Co- 
lumbia College, Kentucky; president of 
Christian University, Canton, Mo. ; profes- 
sor of Biblical literature, Drake University; 
chief lecturer at various lectureships, and 
he has just been requested by the chairman 
of the program committee to present one of 
the leading papers at the national conven- 
tion of the Christian Church, October. 1909, 
being the Centennial celebration of the 
movement inaugurated by the pioneers of 
the Christian Church." 

The New Hope 

Is the Best Remedy for the 

Drug and Liquor habits 

HOME TREATMENT can be administered 

J. H. GARRISON. President 

Correspondence invited. Address New Hope 

Treatment Co., 2712 Pine St., St. Lonis, Mo. 

July 2, 1908. 



The Drowning of W. T. Clarkson. 
I learn through press report that W. 
Temple Clarkson, pastor of the church at 
Rome, Ga., and brother to E. E. Clarkson, 
one of our state evangelists of Georgia, 
was drowned while on the annual picnic 
of the Ross church at Kirks Grove. Broth- 
er Clarkson was swimming, being an ex- 
pert at the art, but in diving became en- 
tangled in some lines and lost his life. 
He had been in the state only a few months, 
but the splendid hold he had gotten on the 
people of Rome, together with the evan- 
gelistic meeting held by him and his broth- 
er a few weeks ago in which the member- 
ship of the church had been more than 
doubled, made us feel sure we had a prom- 
ising man among us. It was my pleasure 
to have a college acquaintance with him in 
Transylvania University some years ago, 
and I remember him as a young man of 
deep consecration and fine energy. Recent- 
ly he had been pursuing his studies in Co- 
lumbia University and at the earnest solic- 
itation of his brother had come to take the 
work of Rome and give to that cultured 
but small congregation the fruit of his best 
labors. His death is a severe loss to the 
congregation and the entire community to 
which he had already endeared himself by 
many pastoral ministrations as well as his 
public addresses. Howard T. Cree. 

Augusta, Ga. 

@ ® 

Fine Work at Lamonte, Mo. 

The Lamonte Bible school has just closed 
a three months' contest with the Fremont, 
Neb., Bible school, in which Lamonte was 
easily victorious. The last day of the con- 
test showed an enrollment of 382. Fre- 
mont, with I. H. Fuller as minister, is a 
worthy foe and did large things. He was 
tne former Lamonte pastor. The school 
made a large offering on Children's day, 

and on the same day pledged and paid a 
part of $60 to the Orphans' Home at St. 

This is a pioneer church. The fact that 
about one-half of the entire population of 
the town is actively identified with us, shows 
that some one or more has done strong work 
in the past. I have been here only since 
the first of the year, and find every depart- 
ment thoroughly organized, doing solid, ef- 
fective work. We do not allow missionary 
secretaries to push us; in fact, we push 
them. The C. W. B. M., Circle and Juniors 
will doubtless meet every Centennial aim 
suggested. Y. P. S. C. E. knows of no rea- 
son why it should not meet its Centennial 
aims. The Bible school, which has increased 
about 75 per cent in attendance, interest and 
offerings since January, with the second 
largest teacher training class in the state — 
153 — with its thoroughly equipped, organ- 
ized and graded Primary department, with 

two Adult Bible classes of more than forty 
members each, is very much interested in 
its Centennial aims. A number of ' ' Timo- 
thies" have gone out from this church, but 
the one we are training now — Bro. Elbert 
Taylor — gives promise of being among the 
strongest. As superintendent of the Sec- 
ond district teacher training work, all who 
have classes are urged to report often to me. 
H. A. Pearee, Minister. 

@ @ 

A New Church and Campbell Relics. 

It was my privilege to attend a banquet 
given by the church at Syracuse, Kan., and 
to aid the brethren there in raising money 
to erect a new church. Our young brother, 
J. R. Robertson, organized the church three 
months ago as a missionary enterprise, 
while he was minister at Garden City. In- 
deed, he has organized two other churches 
during the past two years, which now have 
good buildings. Two months ago he gave 
up his work at Garden City to devote all his 
time to the young church at Syracuse. A 
lot has been purchased in a very central lo- 
cation, and more than half enough money 
has been pledged to erect a neat and mod- 

est church. This the brethren will at once 
proceed to do, expecting to have it ready 
for dedication this fall. There are a num- 
ber of splendid men and women members 
of the church there, more than is ordinarily 
found in a church of its size. Brother Rob- 
ertson has filled them with enthusiasm, and 
we shall hear good reports from them. 

I was pleased to meet Dr. Morris Mc- 
Keever, a grandson of Thomas Campbell. In 
his old age he prizes a leather-bound Bible 
which belonged to Thomas Campbell, and 
was in the shipwreck off the coast of Ire- 
land; also a watch made from a snuffbox 
of Mr. Campbell's, and a letter written in 
1855 by Mrs. McKeever, the sister of Alex- 
ander Campbell. It would be a splendid 
thing for the Centennial committee to make 
sure that Dr. McKeever, with his precious 
heirlooms, is at Pittsburg next year. 

Here at the Central we are busy preparing 
for the Scoville meetings, which begin Au- 
gust 30. Many persons in southern Kansas 
and northern Oklahoma are planning to 
visit us during these meetings, and we give 
them cordial invitation. E. W. Alien. 

h ichita, Kan. 

A Call to Service. 

Wanted — Twenty-five men ready to go to 
Africa now and win the great Nkundo race 
to Christ. 

A great race of people are open now to 
us as never before in our history. Uganda 
had its martyrs, and thirty of the noblest 
of Britain's church volunteered and were 
sent out in one year into that rich harvest 
field. The Telugus had their great famine 
and the Church sent out the Gospel and 
food to them, and that great pentecost was 
recorded. The Congo is now challenging us 
to a day of like opportunity and like re- 
sponsibility. The great Nkundo race of 
Equatorial Africa are open to us and are 
begging, actually challenging us witu the 
call of ' ' Why don 't you come and teach 
us also?" 

An unprecedented situation! Village aft- 
er village is calling ' ' Come and teach us, 
too." Brethren, we can not, we dare not 
refuse to let this opportunity pass by. 

The wonderful transformation in lives al- 
ready wrought by the Gospel and grace of 
our Lord Jesus Christ gives us surety of 
success. The marvelous evangelism of that 
transformed native Church at Bolenge pro- 
vides us a force of scouts who are not only 
courageous, self-sacrificing and consecrated, 
but are as well competent and tireless evan- 

Brethren, shall we, a million and a 
quarter of Disciples, be found recreant to 
our duty ? 

Not only is the native field ripe unto 
the harvest, but now government and trad- 
er opposition is nil. Where before they hin- 
dered and obstructed missionary effort, even 
of the native evangelists, they are now 
welcoming us and begging us to come and 
settle before the false church shall come 
with her lies and hypocrisies. This is our 
opportunity. This in itself constitutes a 
call and we have now open to us iae great 
.bosira River and its tributaries. The ' ' Bo- 
sira Munane, ' ' the ' ' Great Bosira, ' ' with 
its thousand of villages, is waiting to hear 
for the first time the name above all other 
names, the name of Jesus, and begging for 
the Gospel message of salvation. vVill you 
withhold it? 

A steamer costing between $10,000 and 
$15,000 will be necessary to carry the sup- 
plies and the messengers of peace and life 
to the millions now fighting their feuds and 
cannibals' wars, and to carry the message 
of salvation to the sin-stricken inhabitants 
of that great river. Will you withhold it? 
Why, we have hundreds of men and women 
who could immortalize their names and mul- 
tiply and perpetuate their lives m a gift 

of this absolutely indispensible Messenger 
of Good Tidings. And they could do it 
to-day, if they would. 

The gifts of that native Church at Bo- 
lenge challenge us to a like liberality, to 
join with them in the sending of the Gos- 
pel messengers. Africa is to be evangelized 
by the African himself of each great race. 
But we must first evangelize the evangelist, 
and then teach and train them and send 
them out to preach to their fellows. This 
is our task now. 

Twenty-five men needed for Africa! 
Brethren, they are in our colleges to-day, 
and are ready for service when the Church 
says by her open purse — we are ready to 
do our share. We will consecrate our mean« 
as they will give their lives. There is not 
a church of three hundred members that 
should not or could not support their own 
representative, and receive in return such 
a reflex of joy and such an impidse to serv 
ice as they have never before had. Here is 
indeed the challenge to the Church— the 
graduates from Bethany, Hiram, Kentucky 
University, Drake, Eureka, Christian Uni- 
versity and Cotner University, among 
the finest of their classes, young men 
and women who are willing and anxious 
to go to Africa to do their share in evan- 
gelizing the great Nkundo race and give 
their lives, if necessary, for their regenera- 
tion. Can the Church afford to let this 
consecration of life go unnsed for the Mas- 
ter 's Kingdom? Nay, verily. Our Lord is 
trying you, if you be worthy his name. He 
is giving you the opportunity of your lives, 
that of sharing with him in the saving of 
the world. He is calling us in the miracu- 
lous transformations of a cannibal, poly- 
gamous and superstitious race into marvel- 
ous examples of heroism and devotion and 
consecration in Christian service and giv- 
ing as at Bolenge. 

"The Great Bosira for Christ," our bat- 
tle cry. The Nkundo race — our crown. Let 
us be worthy the name we bear and give 
as we have never before given; really give 
in our great joy to our Lord and Saviour; 
that his name may be known in ' ' Darkest 
Africa" and exalted among the heathen. 
Brethren, if we do not arise to this oppor- 
tunity, the millions still waiting to hear hi3 
blessed name will indeed ' ' tell God on us, ' ' 
as one of the wild villagers challenged the 
native Church, ' ' If you do not stop and 
preach to us, we will tell that God you 
preach about, when we come to meet him, 
that you passed us by." 

Yours in his glad service for the evan* 
gelization of ' ' Darkest Africa, ' ' 

Royal J. Dye, M. D. 



July 2, 1908. 





ENVIRONMENT. — Combines all the advantages which tend to develop young women 
for full realization of the higher things of life in the intellectual, moral and 
social world. 

COURSES OF STUDY. — The Preparatory Course admits to college or university 
courses. A full College Course of fou r years leads to an A. B. degree. Two 
years of College work leads to the B. L. degree. One year of College work grad- 
uates a student as Associate in Arts. 

SPECIAL COURSES. — Music, Art, Expression, Cookery, Sewing, Domestic Art and 
Physical Training taught by teachers from the great universities of America and 

FACULTY. — Experienced specialists trained in the great universities of America and 

HOME. — A Christian home, noted for thoroughness, moral influences, high culture 
and satisfactory results. 

If you want your daughter to enjoy the best advantages obtainable, investigate 
Christian College and write to-day for the illustrated catalog. 


MRS. W. T. MOORE, President, Columbia, Mo. 



Christian College, at Columbia, is our 
oldest institution of learning in the 
state, and one of the oldest of all our edu- 
cational works. The first steps were taken 
in the memorable year of 1849 by Dr. 
Samuel Hatch and Prof. Henry H. White, 
of Bacon College, Harrodsburg, Ky. D. P. 
Henderson and James Shannon were asso- 
ciated with them, and John Augustus Wil- 
liams was the first president of the new 
school. At first a small house in town was 
used, but the growth of the college was so 
rapid that it became necessary to seek larger 
quarters. By 1884 it had become the best 
equipped college in the West. Following 
Mr. Williams, L. B. Wilkes, J. K. Roberts, 
G. S. Bryant, W. A. Oldham and P. P. St. 
Clair were in turn presidents. Mrs. Luella 
W. St. Clair took the reins on the death of 
her husband, resigning by reason of ill- 
health, to be succeeded by Mrs. W. T. 
Moore. It was at this period that the col- 
lege took on its financial growth. Two 
years later Mrs. St. Clair became associated 
with Mrs. Moore in the presidency of the 
college, and large building enterprises were 
entered upon. These being successfully 
carried out, in the spring of 1903 Mrs. St. 
Clair accepted the presidency of another col- 
lege. This is our best equipped institution 
in the state, and its standard has been raised 
till its teaching work is now of the best 
collegiate kind. 

There are two other excellent female col- 
leges in the state under the direction of our 
Christian churches. William Woods College, 
at Fulton, Mo., was located at Camden 
Point about 1880, and was known as the 
Orphans ' School of the Churches of Christ 
in Missouri. The building having burned 
in 1889, the convention meeting at Warrens- 
burg decided to relocate the school at Ful- 

ton. F. W. Allen was its first president, but 
since June, 1896, J. B. Jones has held that 
position. For a long time there was finan- 
cial difficulty, but in 1900 provision was 
made to liquidate all debts. In honor of the 
financial assistance of Dr. Woods, of Kansas 
City, the name of the school was changed to 
William Woods College for Girls. It has a 
good plant and everything points to a bright 
future for it. 

Missouri Christian College, an account of 
whose work will be found elsewhere, is an- 
other institution where young ladies are 
educated. Formerly this was called the Fe- 
male Orphans ' School, but several years ago 
it changed its name to that by which it is at 
present known. E. L. Barham has done very 
much through his administration to make 
this school a success. 

We have two colleges in the state that are 
co-educational, and started especially with 
a view to education of ministerial students. 
Christian University at Canton has just cel- 
ebrated its fiftieth anniversary, and its 
charter was first in the United States to 
embody the advanced position of granting to 
women a co-equal and co-ordinate education 
with num. Its first building was erected in 
1853, under the direction of D. Pat Hender- 
son and James Shannon, who was its first 
president. Destroyed by lire in 1903. a hand- 
some building has replaced the old one. 
Christian University has at last entered 
upon a more prosperous era, and to the self- 
sacrifice of its president, Carl Johaim, it 
owes very much. 

The Bible College of Missouri is located 
at Columbia, the seat of the State University. 
11 was started by W. T. Moore, under the 
co-operatiou of a number of prominent 
brethren in the state, who believed that it 
would be possible to take advantage of the 

regular courses furnished by the state and 
supply the students the Biblical training 
and Christian influences which the state does 
not provide. The college property is a 
handsome building, and there is an endow- 
ment of about $50,000. Dean Lhamon and 
Professor Sharpe are the regular teaching 

® ® 
Education at the Missouri Convention. 

The report of the Ministerial Education 
Society showed among the assets: Loans to 
students, $1,015; receipts, June, '07, to 
June, '08, $776.40, and a total of $1,991.40. 
The disbursements were: Loans to students. 
$320; stamps, etc., $1.94; a total of $321.94. 
Leaving a balance in cash, loans and 
$1,669.46, and a balance in bank of $454.46. 

The report of the educational committee 
was presented after reports from Christian 
College. William Woods College. Christian 
University. Missouri Christian College and 
the Bible College of Missouri had been pre- 
sented. It stated that no institution has 
heretofore received the attention from con- 
gregations or ministers that it justly merits. 
With 175,000 Disciples of Christ iu the state, 
there is an ample patronage and a material 
wealth that could fully endow and support 
every school, and inasmuch as their endow- 
ment and equipment should bo fully com- 
mensurate with our wealth, our numbers and 
our great, plea, recommendations were 
adopted by the convention: (1) That all 
our preachers bo urged to preach at least 
one sermon a year, requesting contributions 
of money, inspiring a thirst for knowledge 
and turning our young men to the ministry; 
(2) that educational rallies be held; (3) 
that generous giving bo stimulated, and (4) 
that the convention make acknowledgement 
to those who have contributed to the success 
that the colleges now enjoy. 

July 2, 1908. 



College Work and Plans 


More perfect weather was never enjoyed in the 
blue grass hills of West Virginia than from June 
7 to June 11. 1908. On Lord's day the old 
church was crowded for the baccalaureate serv- 
ice, the front seats being occupied by the gradu- 
ates according to immemorial custom. The morn- 
ing sermon was delivered by the writer, and in 
the evening President Cramblet gave the annual 
sermon, which was strong, clear and inspiring. 
The usual meetings of trustees, literary society 
contests, field day, class day and concerts occu- 
pied Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. Thurs- 
day a record-breaking commencement crowd gath- 
ered in the assembly hall of the new Carnegie 
library. There were twenty graduates for bach- 
elor degrees, ten of these being ministerial stu- 

The Address. — The commencement address by 
Dr. Samuel Harden Church, of Pittsburg, dealt 
with "The True Spirit of Service." It was a 
wholesome, wise and timely message. Rapt in- 
terest was held while the orator plead for unselfish 
devotion to work for the common weal; for well 
developed personality and a symmetrical educa- 
tion, with classical and technical studies evenly 
balanced. The address was re-enforced by the 
speaker's strong and gracious personality, and 
the words received added weight from his achieve- 
ments, position and lineage. Dr. Church is the 
author of "Oliver Cromwell, a History," "John 
Marmaduke" and other books, secretary o£ the 
Pennsylvania lines and the Carnegie institute, and 
grandson of Walter Scott and Samuel Church. 

The Noble Company. — Coming into Bethany 
on the splendidly constructed new electric line 
makes one think all the more of its sacred past 
and the noble company of great men and gopd 
women whose spirits seem still to abide about its 
hallowed precincts. It is not without reason that 
men of all ages and lands have made pilgrimages 
to the homes and graves of the world's benefac- 
tors. If one can prolong his visit from days 
into vears he is all the more certain to carry away 
the impress of the mighty past. 

The President. — The seven years of President 
Cramblet's vigorous administration are showing 
abundant fruitage in the Bethany of to-day. He 
was enabled this year to mention three very sub- 
stantial steps of progress. First, the completion 
of the Carnegie library, which affords not only a 
home for the college's splendid collection of books, 
but society and lecture halls and a commodious 
auditorium. Second, the college has been admit- 
ted to the benefits of the Carnegie fund, and 
pensions actually granted to Professors Pendleton 
and Wynne. Every heart responded warmly to 
the president's praise of these devoted teachers. 
Miss Pendleton has been not only one of the most 
influential teachers in the college for many years, 
but as secretary of the faculty and of the trus- 
tees she actually saved the life of the institution 
again and again. The third success of the year 
he mentioned was the comoletion of the trolley line 
from Wellsburg at a cost of $175,000. _ It is not 
possible to-day to realize the manifold significance 
of this to the future of Bethany. Numerous ex- 
pressions and testimonials of appreciation _ were 
showered upon President Cramblet for this victory 
wrested from apparent defeat. 

The Centennial. — In all our plans for_ the 
Centennial there has been universal recognition 
of the necessity of doing something substantial 
and worthy for Bethany College. Dr. W. T. 
Moore, -of Columbia, Mo., was appointed as the 
special Centennial representative. He has re- 
ceived unanimous indorsement of September 27, 
1908, as Bethanv College day. Disciples through- 
out the brotherhood are being asked to consecrate 
larger or smaller amounts of their means on that 
day to the Centennial endowment of our mother 
college. There is no church so hard pressed, and 
no Disciple so poor but that they can have some 
fellowship in this labor of love. All of us are 
indebted to Bethany; all of us belong to Bethany. 
There is encouragement for numerous gifts in 
the confident expectation that there will be several 
offerings of amounts equal to the largest that have 
gone out in the past to build up the younger 
schools of the brotherhood, so Bethany's success 
in this Centennial enterprise will make for victory 
in all our educational institutions. 

W. R. Warren, Centennial Secretary. 

Bible College of Missouri. 

The Bible College of Missouri at Columbia, Mo., 
is growing in the number of its students and in 
favor with the brotherhood. Its enrollment in- 
creased last year 30 per cent Its credit courses 
in the University of Missouri are becoming more 
popular each year with the students of the uni- 
versity. About 10 per cent of the students in the 
arts department of the University of Missouri 
took credit work last year toward their A. B. de- 

Inclusive of two outside classes conducted by 
Dean W. J. Lhamon the total class enrollment last 
year was 386. Exclusive of these two classes it 
was 304. The number of individual students who 
took work in Lowry Hall was 187. 

Thirty young men and women studied with a 
view to distinctively Christian work. Thirty 
churches within reach of Columbia are being cared 

for by the students and faculty of the Bible col- 
lege, and more churches have asked for help than 
the college can answer. Nothing has given more 
satisfaction than the call from the churches for tl.e 
Bible college men as preachers and pastors. 

With the growth of the University of Missouri 
the Bible college is bound to grow rapidly in. its 
work among university students. And as its ad- 
vantages become known ministerial and missionary 
students are coming in greater numbers. Among 
these advantages are (1) a great university thor- 
oughly equipped. (2) A central location in the 
midst of a numerous brotherhood. (3) Interchange 
of credits between the Bible college and the Uni- 
versity of Missouri. (4) Hundreds of churches 
within reach of Columbia, many of them calling 
in vain for such help as college men can give. 
(5) A growing body of strong, scholarly, spiritually- 
minded ministerial and missionary students. (6) 
Thorough Biblical, ministerial and missionary 
courses of study coupled with scholarly, conserva- 
tive and constructive teaching. 

The board of trustees is composed of men who 
are among the strongest and most favorably 
known men in the brotherhood. The Bible col- 
lege charges no tuitions, and its work is therefore 
in the nature of a mission. On this basis it makes 
its appeal to the brotherhood for financial support. 
Prof. G. D. Edwards is in the field this year as 
the representative of the college in financial and 
fraternal ways. 

A novel feature of the work during the coming 
year will consist of visits and lectures by neigh- 
boring pastors. Among these the following have 
consented to render such service: E. M. Smith, 
of Centralia; F. W. Allen, of Paris; W. A. Fite, 
of Fulton; E. J. Lampion, of Louisiana; J. H. 
Wood, of Shelbina; R. B. Helser, of Fayette; 
E. B. Widger, of Jefferson City, and A. W. 
Kokendoffer, of Sedalia. Prof. C. M. Sharpe 
will be actively engaged in the teaching work of 
the college the whole of next year. 

W. J. Lhamon. 

Butler College. 

The fifty-third annual commencement of Butler 
College was celebrated at Indianapolis June 18. 
The graduating class this year numbered 23, of 
whom eight are men and IS women. The majori- 
ty will take up the profession of teaching. Many 
will continue their studies in graduate schools. 
Of the three ministerial students, Clay Trusty is 
pastor of the Seventh Christian Church, Indian-' 
aoolis; Benjamin Smith, pastor of the church at 
Zionsville, Ind. ; and Claude M. Burkhart will 
reside in Indianapolis and preach at adjacent 
points. All give promise of great usefulness in 
their careers. 

Owing to the affiliation of Butler College with 
the University of Chicago, which continues until 
1910, the three graduates attaining the highest 
standing in their college courses are given schol- 
arships entitling them to a year's tuition in the 
University of Chicago. The scholarships this year 
were awarded to Elmo Scott Wood, Hallie Gretch- 
en Scotten and Eva May Lennes. The program 
of commencement week was full of the usual 
pleasant reunions and commencement exercises 
Final chapel exercises were held June 12. Bac- 
calaureate sermon was preached June 14 by Carey 
E. Morgan, who took as his theme, "Abundant 
Life." Mr. Morgan is an alumnus of the class of 
'S3 and his return after an absence of many 
years was one of the most pleasant features of 
commencement week. The sermon was full of 
sentiment and poetry and was generally received 
as a most fitting message for a graduating class to 
take with it. The Philokurian banquet was the 
occasion of the reunion of 51 former members 
oi the society. The president's reception was 
largely attended. Class day was signalized by 
the production of an original masque by Miss 
Charlotte Edgerton of the graduating class. It is 
thought that they will shortly be published. 

This marks the end of the first year of Presi- 
dent Howe's incumbency. Friends of the col- 
lege feel that it has been a most successful year. 
The attendance at the college has gradually in- 
creased the last three years, as shown by the 
number of the graduating class. Last year there 
were seventeen and this year twenty-three. In- 
stallments on the subscriptions to the endowment 
are being gradually paid in and it is hoped that 
the larger part of the endowment will be in the 
hands of the college by the end of next year. Few 
changes in the faculty are announced for next 
year, and everything betokens continued pros- 
perity for the college. 

Christian College. 

This, the oldest college in Missouri for the edu- 
cation of women, is now one of the most modern 
in its plant, equipment and methods. It is located 
at Columbia, the educational center of the state, 
where is also the University and other colleges. 
Its curriculum is of the best college standards and 
it provides for preparatory courses. It has just 
had one of the best years in its history. 

The most important announcement about the 
coming year's work is the association of Hon. 
Morton H. Pemberton with the management. 
Mrs. W. T. Moore, the president of the college, 

has for several years done the double work of 
managing the college proper and the business of 
the college. I his double work has been a severe 
test of her strength, and she has found it ab- 
solutely necessary to have some relief. This has 
been provided by securing the services of Mr. 
Pemberton as business manager for the coming 
collegiate year. He is a university man, has had 
experience m college work, and at one time was 
connected in a business way with Christian College" 
Mr. Pemberton owns a large farm in the same 
county, and this will be laid under contribution 
for furnishing the college with additional supplies. 
Christian College maintains a truck garden of sev- 
eral acres adjoining the campus, where everything 
is grown that is needed for the college table dur- 
ing the entire session. In addition to ordinary 
vegetables, 3,000 home grown celery plants furnish 
an abundance of this healthful food each season, 
and a fine dairy herd of Jersey and Holstein cows 
supply rich cream and pure milk. A handsome 
illustrated catalog will be sent upon application 
to the secretary or the president. 


Christian University. 

Christian University, at Canton, Mo., closed her 
fiftieth session with a fitting commencement. T. P. 
Haley, so favorably known because of his long and 
faithful service in the Master's cause, delivered 
the baccalaureate address and Clyde Darsie, of 
Qumcy, 111., delivered the address on commence- 
ment day to the graduation class. On both oc- 
casions the beautiful university chapel was crowded 
by a sympathetic and appreciative audience. Many 
visitors were present to celebrate the semi-cen- 
tennial of Christian University, and the festivities 
culminated with the alumni banquet, when 117 
members of the association sat down to the great 
feast prepared by the local committee. 

The session which has just closed has been one 
of the best in the entire history of the school. 
Nothing happened to disturb in any way the har- 
mony and confidence existing between faculty 
and students. The enrollment was 10 per cent 
farger than at the preceding year and prospects 
are very flattering for a still larger increase next 

Two of this year's graduates have just been 
employed by the Foreign Missionary Society to 
proclaim the gospel beyond the seas to those who 
are yet in darkness and another member of the 
class has signified his intention to go whenever 
he is wanted. The number of young men prepar- 
ing for the ministry — more than 40 — is now larger 
than ever before. These students now minister 
to about 75 congregations located within easy reach 
of Canton and are doing splendid work for the 
Master. (Their churches had over 700 additions 
during the year.) At the same time they gain 
experience that can not be obtained in any other 
way and incidentally earn enough money to suppoti 
themselves while attending school. I "am satisfied 
that ten times as many graduates of the Bible 
department of Christian University could be lo- 
cated with good churches in Missouri alone. Can 
not something be said or done to induce more 
bright and promising young men to prepare them- 
selves for this, the noblest of all callings? 

Many persons have the impression that Chris- 
tian University is a school for ministerial students 
only. This is a mistake. Only about one-fourth 
of our students are preparing for the ministry. 
The other students, both ladies and gentlemen, 
are taking the regular college courses in the pre- 
paratory, college and music departments. 

We confidently believe that the future has great 
things in store for Christian University and in- 
vite all young men and women who desire to be 
educated under Christian influences to investigate 
the advantages offered in this school. 

Carl Johann, President. 

College of the Bible. 

This has been a prosperous session for the Col- 
lege of the Bible. The attendance has not been 
at the maximum, nor yet small. There have 
been 201 ministerial students in attendance upon 
the classes of the College of the Bible and the 
College of Liberal Arts of Transylvania Univer- 
sity, though about half of this number has been 
enrolled among the students of the latter insti' 
tution. This is a decrease of four from the num- 
ber attending last year. The character of the 
work done by the students has never been sur- 

The year has also been a successful one for 
the college financially. The report of the treas- 
urer shows a healthy state of affairs and that of 
the financial agent of the college, W. T. Don- 
aldson, indicates that his labors have resulted 
in the immediate or prospective addition to the 
college endowment of the sum of $63,000. 

The commencement exercises were held June 9. 
The graduating class was large, numbering 26. 
of whom two were women. The average in schol- 
arship of the class was very high. Fifteen of the 
26 had an average of over 90 per cent and only 
one fell below 85 per cent. Nine states, Canada 
and Australia, had been the homes of members 
of this class before they came to Lexington. 
Almost all of them have had considerable ex- 
perience in preaching, and some are already 
preachers of high rank. The majority have al' 
ready entered upon engagements with churcheSi 



July 2, 1908. 

Two are to take up work in Australia, and three 
are to go to foreign fields. 

The prospects are good for a large attendance 
next year. The students of the past session are 
making themselves useful among the churches dur- 
ing the summer. They now serve 145 churches 
within the environs of Lexington. Prof. S. M. 
Jefferson was unable, owing to sickness, to meet 
with his classes during the closing days of the 
session, but his friends will be pleased to learn 
that a si^ht operation which was necessary was 
entirely successful and that he will return to 
his college work in the autumn with renewed 
strength. Prof. P. C. Deweese left on June 11 
to spend his summer in England and Scotland. 

The atmosphere about the College of the Pible 
is distinctly hopeful. Plans are being laid for a 
greater college and for one of greater usefulness. 
This sentiment is shared in alike by faculty, trus- 
tees and students, and definitely expressed by 
President McGarvey in Irs annual report to the 
trustees. It was the desire of the trustees that 
a part of this report be sent to The ChrisTian- 
EvanGEList for publication and an extract from 
it is consequently attached. 

"I have on several occasions within the lasf 
year publicly announced as my hope and ex- 
pectation that the College of the Bible shall even- 
tually become the greatest seat of Biblical learning 
in the world. This may appear to some like an 
idle dream; but some institution is destined to 
occupv that high position, and why not ours? 
The institution which shall occupy it shall do so, 
not as a result of accident, but as the result of 
strenuous effort wisely directed. It will be the 
result of ample financial resources supporting a 
succession of teachers endowed with brains, heart 
and industry in no ordinary degree. 

"Hitherto such financial support has not ap- 
peared within our reach; but now, with the pros- 
pect of large additions to our endowment funds 
in the not very distant future, we can begin to 
look forward to it with confidence, and we shall 
begin to prepare for a corresponding enlargement 
of our work. 

"I have had a conference with my junior col- 
leagues on this subject, and have charged them 
each to select a branch of Biblical learning in 
which to make himself a specialist and a master, 
so that in this no man anywhere shall be his su- 
perior. Thev are all young enough, if a goodly 
length of life shall be granted them; they all 
have sufficient preparation in a general knowl- 
edge of the Bible, and they all have brains enough 
to accomplish this grand purpose. They have 
pledged themselves to it and have selected their 
lines of work. In order that progress toward the 
final goal may continue after their decease, they 
are to keep watch for young men in their classes 
from year to year, who shall be capable of push- 
ing this high aim still higher, to incite them to 
it, and to see that all needed aid and encour- 
agement shall be given them. 

"The part which the board of trustees will take 
in pursuit of this great purpose will he to avoid 
overloading the professors with work in the class 
room, to free their minds from the distraction in 
reference to their financial affairs; to assist, when 
need be, the young men whom they may select 
for advanced studies; to elect these to suitable 
chairs in the college, some of which are yet to be 
created: and to keen guard incessantly lest any 
incompetent and unsafe men shall be selected as 
professors. * * * 

"The panose is that in the good days of our 
future, whatever is known or can be known by 
mortals about the Bible, its contents and its 
history shall be known and taught by the faculty 
of the College of the Bible; that skepticism, in its 
present forms and in all the protean forms which 
it will yet assume, shall be here encountered and 
overthrown; and that students of the Bible from 
every quarter who wish to add to the Biblical 
knowledge imparted elsewhere shall flock to this 
college for fullness of information. * * * 

My own part in the feeble beginning of this 
effort will soon terminate, but I trust that like 
the patriarchs of old, though I shall not receive 
the promises, my dying eyes, like theirs, shall see 
them and greet them from afar. As one step 
toward the final attainment, our faculty has re- 
solved to prepare and propose, before the close 
of another year, a post graduate course which 
shall justify those of our students who can, in 
remaining with us one or two more years, and 
shall offer to the graduates of other colleges and 
seminaries additional incentives to finish their 
Bible studies with us." W. C. Morro. 

College of the Bible, Lexington, Ky. 

Cotner University. 

The year just closed has brought new interest 
and encouragement. A substantial brick building, 
40 by 80 feet, with cement basement, costing about 
$4,000, was opened for physical training at com- 
mencement time. It has a partial supply of 
equipment to be added to soon and also bathing 
facilities. As soon as pledges are collected it will 
be entirely paid for. More than a thousand dol- 
lars was quickly subscribed to build and equip 
an outside heating plant to be in use next year. 
It is hoped to collect what is further needed this 
summer. All other expenses of the year were 
met. The attendance was doubtless affected 
somewhat by the financial fear and stringency at 
the opening of the year. A good attendance, how- 
ever, was secured. Three hundred and seventy- 
five different students were enrolled, a small in- 

crease over last year. The prospects for next 
year's growtn are encouraging. 

The medical school will hold a somewhat closer 
relation to the college of arts next year. The 
work in this department consists hereafter of 
four years of nine months each. The first two 
years will be nearly all conducted in the science 
department at the university and the remaining 
will be given in the medical college building in 
the heart of the city where better clinical facilities 
tan be had. 

The conservative management and splendid 
progress of Cotner have done much to bring its 
business needs to the front. The feeling is grow- 
ing that no investment is safer or more worthy 
than such a school standing for the educational 
interests of the brotherhood. 

The supreme interest of the hour in our plans 
is the better equipment and adequate endowment 
of this work. It is felt that this help can not 
be looked for mainly nor at first from the rich, 
but must be the outgrowth of sacrifices of the 
many. A fund has been raised to make as thor- 
ough a canvass as possible during the coming 
year to this end. Surely Cotner University has 
demonstrated its right to live and be sustained 
in its career of usefulness in this great field so 
rapidly developing. 

\ church edifice, suited to the needs of our 
large congregations, is soon to be added to our 
equipment on the religious side of the work. 
No encouragement is greater than the healthy 
growth and prosperity of the university church. 
Bespeaking the good will and prayers of the broth- 
erhood we face another year. 

W. P. Aylsworth. 

Cotner University's commencement exercises 
marked the close of a very successful school 
year in every way. The work done was 
of high order and in the Inter-collegiate 
contests Cotner won honors, also succeeded in 
capturing the Rhodes scholarship and won all de- 
bates in the state triangular contests, in the ora- 
torical contest received honor and in athletics 
standing in most cases at the head. 

While all the exercises of the commencement 
week were of commendable order there were some 
that deserve mention. The baccalaureate sermon 
was preached by Chancellor Aylsworth on Lord's 
day morning, June 1. The theme was, "Things 
New and Old." The sermon was classic in style 
and a thing of merit with regard to the thought. 
After the senmon five young men of the graduating 
class were ordained to be ministers. In the even- 
ing the missionary sermon was delivered by H. O. 
Pritchard, the minister of the university church. 

The rendition of Shakespeare's Merchant of 
Venice by the school of expression deserves a 
place of honor. The rendition of the oratorio 
by the school of music was commended very high- 
lv by critics. The commencement address by 
Charles Medbury, of Des Moines, la., on "The 
Test of American Democracy," was a masterpiece. 
Every one felt that it was perhaps the best ad- 
dress ever delivered at a Cotner commencement. 
There were twenty-three graduates besides those of 
the medical department, who had a commence- 
ment themselves. 'Everything bids fair for a 
great vear at Cotner in 1909. 

H. O. Pritchard. 

Drake University. 

Drake University closed a most successful year, 
graduating 230. The commencement day address 
by Dr. Frederick D. Power, of Washington, 
D. C, was highly praised and constituted a fit- 
ting close for the year. 

The attendance for the year, including that at 
the summer school, was 1,864, a substantial in- 

church affiliation, or were not members of any 
church, 657 were members of the Christian 
Church, 212 of the Methodist, 127 Presbyterian, 
78 Catholic, 63 Congregational and 50 Baptist. 
Many other denominations were represented by 
smaller numbers. 

The university has been constantly advancing 
its standards in recent years, until to-day no in- 
stitution in the Middle West stands higher. In 
the classification of colleges in the state of Iowa 
the state board of educational examiners gave 
Drake rank "A." The institution is recognized 
by the North Central Association of Colleges 
and Secondary Schools, and has been placed upon 
the accepted list of institutions by the Carnegie 

President H. M. Bell. 

foundation. The professional schools of the uni- 
versity are recognized by the standardizing agen- 
cies throughout the country as being in class "A." 

Additional faculty members have been elected: 
Professor Isaac Franklin Neff, recently of Beth- 
any College, elected to the chair of mathematics; 
Miss Armenella Black, an instructor in Smith 
College at Northampton, Mass., to have charge 
of French and Spanish, and Dr. Florence Rich- 
ardson, who recently received her degree from 
the University of Chicago, to instruct in psychol- 
ogy and education. 

During the year the current exaense income 
amounted to $125,000, the receipts from fees 
alone reaching the sum of $91,995.05. Many 
gifts were received, totaling more than $45,000. 
Among these may be noted $25,000 from Mr. and 
Mrs. B. E- Freeland, of Corydon, la., to endow 
a chair of Greek; $5,000 from Mrs. Martha John- 
ston and $3,000 from Mrs. Flora Keith Vawter 
to endow scholarships for ministerial students. 
The chairman of the board, Mr. T. P. Shonts, 
made gifts amounting to more than $5,000; Mrs. 
Eva Goss, $1,500, and many other gifts of smaller 

On June 16 the new library building, costing 

Music Conservatory of Drake University (one wing yet to be completed). 

crease over that of the previous year. The at- 
tendance during the regular school year was 
1,446, an increase of 200 over that for the same 
terms the year before. We had 21 students from 
Australia, Canada, Chili, China, England, Japan 
and New Zealand. Four Others will be here next 
year from Australia, and two will come from the 
Philippines. From 27 states outside of Iowa 240 
enrolled. From Iowa we had an attendance of 
1,585, representing 88 of the 99 counties of the 
state; 1 703 of these came from Des Moines and 
the county in which the university is located. Of 
the 1.S46 attending, 598 did not report their 

$50,000, the gift of Mr. Andrew Carnegie, was 
dedicated. This library has stack room for more 
than 150.000 books. In addition a number of 
splendid recitation rooms are provided. The read- 
ing room is one of the best appointed and best 
lighted to be found anywhere. During the year 
a large $20,000 heating plant has been constructed, 
adding very much to the efficiency of the equip- 
ment at the university. 

A friend of Ihe university recently gave the 
following figures which indicate more clearly, per- 
haps, than any other one thing the growth of 
the school in the last twenty years. In 1SSS the 

July 2, 1908. 



salary of a professor in Drake University was, 
for the highest, $1,000, and the lowest $500. 
In 1908 the highest was $1,900 and the lowest 
$1,000. For the year ending June, 1888, the 
total amount received from tuition and fees was 
$7,890; June, 1908, about $92,000. The total 
income for expense purposes for the year 188/- 
1888 was $13,100, while for the year 1907-1908 
it was $125,000. 

The Bible college of the university during the 
past year enrolled 173 students, as against 137 
for the previous year. The work in that college 
has been of a very high order. The college of 
liberal arts has had a splendid growth, 558 stu- 
dents being enrolled. Dean Frederick Owen Nor- 
ton is justly regarded as a man of unusual abil- 
ity, both as to scholarship and executive capac- 
ity. The medical college and law college have 
both been very successful. It is, no doubt, well 
known to our friends that Drake University has, 
unquestionably, the leading school of music in the 
Middle West. Nearly 500 students were enrolled 
in the conservatory this past year. 

Plans are completed for the enlargement of 
every department of the university for the year 
beginning September, 1908. The authorities ot 
the university take more pride in the maintenance 
of high standards than in the attainment of a 
large attendance and a big current expense fund, 
much as the latter is needed. 

Eureka College. 

The most important movement of the year just 
closing is the shaping of the Centennial cam- 
paign. Over eighty friends of the college have 
united in the support of a field secretary for five 
years. H. H. Peters has entered vigorously upon 
this new work. By general consent he is an 
ideal man for such an undertaking. He is a 
graduate of the institution, class '05, and has held 
successful pastorates in Illinois. He knows the 
brethren and they have confidence in him. 

The Centennial campaign includes three specific 
aims: (1) To increase the student body to 400. 
(2) 1o enlarge the membership of the Illinois 
Christian Educational Association to 5,000. (3) To 
raise the endowment to $250,000. 

To assist in the first of these aims the students 
organized at the end of the college year the Boost- 
ers' Club with a membership of about 100. The 
Illinois Christian Education Association has been 
doing aggressive work through the field secretary, 
Miss Mary Monahan. It is with general regret 
that she gives up this work. The executive commit- 
tee is fortunate in securing Miss Cora Carrithers as 
the new secretary. She is exceptionally well quali- 
fied for this position and begins her work im- 
mediately. Through the untiring efforts of the 
president, Mrs. Sarah Crawford, the I. C. E- A. 
has been a potent factor in extending the useful- 
ness of the association and the board of trustees 
appointed at the semi-annual meeting a special 
campaign committee consisting of Ashley J. Elliott, 
chairman, Peoria; F. W. Burnham, Springfield, 
and W. B. Stroud, Eureka. Through these vari- 
ous active agencies the loyal friends of Eureka 
College will work in the coming months for the 
building up and strengthening of the institution. 

In addition to the usual work in the ministerial, 
collegiate, preparatory and commercial depart- 
ments, manual training and domestic science are 

The work in the sacred literature department 
is more extensive and better arranged than in 
former years. It requires three years to complete 
this course, which includes the training of young 
men and women who are to be leaders in the 

churches, as well as preparation and equipment of 
the ministerial students. A course in Sunday- 
school pedogogy makes it possible for young men 
and women to prepare for efficient service in the 
teaching ministry of the church. There is con- 
stant emphasis upon the value of service. The 
whole college is dominated by the spirit of conse- 
cration. During the commencement week two of 
the strongest young men of the graduating class 
became volunteers. Another member of the class, 
a noble young woman, sails to Japan in the early 
autumn, and another member of the class is a 
volunteer and expects to go to the foreign field 
after teaching for a time. Among our undergrad- 
uates there are eight members of the volunteer 
band. The spirit of devotion which has given 24 
of our graduates to the foreign field will continue 
to grow with the coming years. 

The Y. M. C. A. and Y. W. C. A. are important 
factors in the spiritual life of the college communi- 
ty. These have had during the past year 35 and 
50 members, respectively, which in prayer, Bible 
study and social life lay the foundation for worthy 

The religious atmosphere of the college con- 
tributes to Christian character and culture in 
such a way that our young people become active 
in every department of our Master's kingdom. 

The second annual assembly of the Eureka 
Chautauqua Association is held on the campus 
July 2-12. The program is a strong one, includ- 
ing such speakers as Folk, Talbot, McGuire, "Billy" 
Sunday, George R. Stewart, Lane, Colonel Bain, 
Carmack, Petitt and the usual good music, en- 
tertaining features, and class work. While the 
Chautauqua is not a college organization, we are 
glad to furnish it a home and to help it along in 
every possible way, as it is in harmony with the 
work we are trying to do. 

Eureka, III. Robert E. Hieronymus. 

Eugene Bible University. 

The thirteenth year of the Eugene Bible Uni- 
versity, located at Eugene, Ore., closed May 18. 
There were 53 students in the Bible college and 
a total attendance in all departments of 125. It 
is expected that the new $35,000 school building 
will *be completed in September. The Bible uni- 
versity comprises the Bible college, the prepara- 
tory school, the school of oratory and school of 
vocal music. The students may also avail them- 
selves of all the advantages given by the Univer- 
sity of Oregon. 

For catalog or other information address E. C. 
Sanderson, president, or Walter Callison, secretary. 

Hamilton College. 

Hamilton College, at Lexington, Ky., closed its 
thirty-ninth session with a brilliant week of pro- 
prams. Several excellent programs of music were 
given, the high water mark being reached in the 
concert given by the pupils of Fraulein Ida P. 
Scudo, the director, assisted by pupils of the vocal 
department. The program showed the splendid 
achievement of a number of students who made 
music their major course. There will be no change 
in the faculty of the school of music tor next year, 
with the exception of the election of Mme. L. 
Young Kloman as bead of the vocal department. 
She has spent the past ten years in Europe being 
the founder and director of a successful school 
for girls in Rome, Italy. 

Two strong programs were given by the School 

of Expression during commencement week, and 
the exhibit of the school of art was given during 
two afternoons. The baccalaureate service was 
held at the Broadway Christian Church, the sermon 
being preached by Charles R. Hudson, pastor of 
the Frankfort (Ky.; Christian Church. It waj 
an able and masterly presentation of the subject 
of "Growth," from the words of the Master, 
"Consider the lilies of the field how they grow." 
It was an occasion of genuine inspiration. Com- 
mencement was held in the opera house. Dr. 
Henry Churchill King, president of Oberlin Col- 
lege, was the speaker of the evening, giving a 
scholarly address on "The Fine Art of Living." 
Mr. St. Clair, the president of Hamilton, awarded 
several handsome gold medals offered in a num- 
ber of the departments and closed the program 
with a brief address along educational lines, pre- 
senting the certificates and diplomas. There were 
24 academic graduates. 

Among some points of interest from the pres- 
ident's report for the year are: The increase in 
number of matriculates, the attendance having 
doubled in the past five years, the number this 
>ear being 290 from 20 states of the union. An- 
other point of interest is the growth in religious 
organized work among the students, the Y. M. 
C. A. numbering 137, the auxiliary to the 
C. W. B. M. having a membership of 89 with the 
addition of four mission study classes which have 
done excellent work. Contributions from student 
organizations to missions and other worthy cause, 
have amounted to $240. 

A number of the 1908 graduates will enter in- 
stitutions of higher learning in September and 
the ambition of the faculty is expressed in the fact 
that four of the teachers are spending the summer 
abroad in travel and study. 

Last September the demand for resident accom- 
modations was so great that a residence next door 
to Hamilton, the former home of Piesident Robert 
Graham, was used for an additional dormitory for 
Hamilton and is now known as Graham cottage. 
The outlook for a prosperous year in 1908-'09 is 
most promising. 


The year just closing has been an exceptionally 
happy and prosperous one. There has been an 
increased attendance; and the spirit of the student 
body has been unsurpassed. Hiram's representa- 
tive, Mr. David Teachout, won first place in the 
intercollegiate oratorical contest, and the Hiram 
debating team won in the debate with Denison 
University. In athletics our boys have won more 
battles than they have lost. The outgoing class 
of twenty-five — eighteen young men and seven 
young women, afe a vigorous company of young 
people, who will give a good account of them- 
selves. Eight of the young men enter the min- 
istry, several as missionaries. Miss Eva Row, who 
takes the Master's degree, is under appointment 
to go to India. 

Hiram has been exceptionally blessed the past 
year with the presence of veteran missionaries. 
Mrs. Wharton and Mrs. Morton D. Adams have 
been resident here with their families for sev- 
eral years. Brother Adams is now home on fur- 
lough. G. H. Brown and wife have just arrived 
from India. Brother Hunt and family, from 
China, are spending some weeks with us. The 
following have also made visits of longer or 
shorter duration: F. E- Meigs, from China; F. E- 
Hagin and wife and C. S. Weaver and wife, 
from Japan; Miss Mary Graybiel and Miss Olivia 
Brown, Miss Emma Lyon, from China; Royal J. 
Dye, from Bolenge, Africa; Miss Kate Johnson 



and David Rioch, from India. Never, in a single 
year, has Hiram been permitted to see and hear 
so many of our missionaries fresh from the tri- 
umphs of the mission fields. 

Including those now under appointment Hiram 
has about 40 representatives on the foreign field. 
Of the SO new missionaries the Foreign Society 
proposed to send out during the present mission- 
ary year Hiram was asked for twelve. Eight of 
the twelve are already on the field or under ap- 
pointment. In the last thirteen years Hiram has 
sent forth 56 to do service in "the regions be- 
yond." F. W. Norton is still pressing on in the 
work of raising funds for the Wharton Memorial 


of the moral nature of the student. At com- 
mencement President Garrett, in a brief but im- 
pressive and touching address, bade farewell and 
god-speed to the college and the work for which 
he has done and sacrificed so much. On account 
of enfeebled health he will remove in a short time 
to the West, whence all hope he will shortly re- 
turn, his oldtime strength restored. The last sev- 
enteen years have been for President Garrett one 
period of continuous, unflagging, faithful service 
to the college, much of the time under circum- 
stances the most adverse and trying. He will 
take with him when he goes the graiitude and 
hearty good wishes of scores whom he has di- 

July 2, 1908. 



Competent Teach- 
ers; StudeTit Gov- 
ernment; Complete 
Equipment; Articu- 
lates with Missouri 
University-Full Lit- 
erary Courses; Sci- 
entific-Laboratories ; 
Physical Culture; 
Expression; Art; 
Domestic Science; 
Yoiee; Piano; Busi- 
ness Course; Superb 
Dinine Hall; Large 
.Recreation Room; 
Sanitarium; Ample 
Campus; Tennis; 
Hockey; Basket 
Ball; Exceptionally 
Healthful Location. 
J. B. Jones, Pre*. 
Fulton, Mo. 

Hiram College, Main Building. 

Missionary Home at Hiram. Every year the de- 
mand is more urgent for such an institution for 
the education of the children of our devoted mis- 

These notes are penned on the eve of com- 
mencement and home-coming week. Everything 
betokens the largest gathering of alumni and 
friends of the college in its history. The ad- 
vance guard are already arriving. The election 
of Miner Lee Bates to the presidency was every- 
where received with enthusiasm. Since he took 
up the work in March the tide of enthusiasm has 
been steadily rising. There is certain to be a 
very large increase in the attendance next year. 

During the last few months an endowment cam- 
paign has been going on quietly. Mr. Carnegie 
promised the last $25,000 of $100,000 new en- 
dowment; $44,000 of the $75,000 needed to se- 
cure the Carnegie offer has been secured; and it 
is expected before the year ends to reach the 
full $100,000. B. S. Dean. 

Hiram, O. 

Kentucky Female Orphan 

This school is intended for orphan girls who 
have not the means to attend other institutions 
of like grade. Its object is to make of its pupils 
educated, self-sustaining, Christian women. The 
majority of our graduates become high class teach- 
ers. Applicants must be over 14 years of age, 
and must be well recommended as regards health, 
character and ability to learn. An endowment is 
provided to assist in defraying the expenses of the 
school, but every pupil is expected to pay accord- 
ing to her ability or that of her friends. Churches, 
societies and benevolent individuals can do a good 
work in helping worthy girls to a place in this 
noble institution. Application blanks will be sent 
upon request, and, when filled in, they should be 
returned as early as possible. All letters relating 
to application for admission should be addressed 
Orphan School, Midway, Ky. Every application 
should be accompanied by a letter of recommenda- 
tion from some responsible person, preferably from 
some individual known to one of more of the trus- 
tees of the school. Mark Collis, 

Chairman Board of Trustees. 

Milligan College. 

The twenty-seventh commencement of Milligan 
College was a complete success. The baccalaure- 
ate sermon was preached this year by A. I. 
Myhr, secretary of the Tennessee Christian Mis- 
sionary Society. He took as the central idea of 
his sermon the phrase, "One New Man," in 
Ephi-sians 2:15, and marie a powerful plea for 
loftiness of character ideals and the infinite worth 
of manhood, pure and simple. 

The annual literary address was delivered by 
the new president of the college, Frederick D. 
Kershner. President Kershner spoke on the ideal 
education, interpreting in its light the special aim 
and mission of Milligan College, as it has been 
and will be.. His principal thesis was that the 
most important phase of education, though the 
one most sadly neglected in modern institutions 
of learning, is the ethical side, the proper culture 

rectly helped to better life, and indeed, of all 
who know of the work he has done, and who ap- 
preciate the value of Christian education. 

Life ever springs from death, and new hopes 
blossom in the ashes of the past. President 
Garrett leaves Milligan, but he has the satisfac- 
tion of seeing her at last come into her own and 
of viewing the prospect of a larger fruition of 
his work. With the official endorsement of the 
representatives of the Christian Church of Ten- 
nessee, the rechartering and reorganization of the 

Oklahoma Christian University 

Located at Enid, Oklahoma. One of the finest railroad 
centers in the southwest. Elevated region, bracing: atmos- 
phere and good water; excellent climate and fine buildings. 
A well equipped educational plant, one of the best west,of 
the Mississippi River. Large and experienced Faculty, 
extensive courses— literary and Biblical. Superior advan- 
tages for Business Training, Music, Pine Art and Or» 
atory. The following- Schools and Colleg-es in successful 

I. College of Arts and Sciences. 

II. College of the Bible. 

III. College of Business. 

IV. College of Music. 
V. School of Oratory and Expression, 

VI. School of Fine Art. 

VII. Elective Courses in great variety. 


There is no better place in which to be educated than in 
a school located as this is in the heart of this great and 
rapidly developing: southwest that offers better opportuni- 
ties to young people than any other place in the United 
States. Preachers, Lawyers, Doctors and Business Men 
by the thousand are needed. 

Next session opens September 15, 1908. 

Send for catalog-ue to Miss Emma Frances Harts- 
horn, Registrar, Oklahoma Christian University. 

E. V. ZOLLARS, Piesident, 0. C.TT. 



Thirty-sixth year. Faculty from leading Universities of Europe and America. Graduates 
take advanced standing in the older American Universities. Music, Art and Oratory advan- 
tages unsurpassed in the Southwest. Three Grand Pianos, twenty-five new Upright Pianos 
and Pipe Organ in daily use. Up-to-date Practical Business College in connection, first-class 
Library and Reading Room, five well-equipped Laboratories, capacious Natatorium and mod- 
ern Gymnasium. Athletics the best. Pure Artesian Water. Our own heat and light plans. 

CLINTON LOCKHART, A. M., Ph. D., President 



In location, building, climate and health conditions, 
home furnishings, department equipments and fac- 
ulty Carr-Burdette is the peer of any Young Ladies' 
Boarding School North or South. Experienced edu- 
cators have so adjudged it. It is select and limited 
in number. Building ar.»l grounds deeded to the 
Church free from debt. Bible taught every day. 
Write at once for catalogue and read for yourself, 
or visit us and see for yourself. Address, 

Sherman, Texas. 

^Pastors College 


A new and superior road to the ministry — new studies, new methods, new ideas in soul- 
winning and church work. Entrance in September only. Study how to think, how to read 
by the live method, how to preach. Onlv one year in college, then preaching, with directed 
study for three years before graduation. The Emanuel Movement, combining medical con- 
sultation with religious ideas^on sound psychological principles, now winning popularity, will 
J3£ thoroughly taught. Entrance qualifications are of the heart rather than the head. Espe- 
cially advantageous to those who can not pend several years in college, or to those who want 
the best and have the price. Tower, freshness, energy, business sense in this up-to-date sys- 
tem. Send for catalogue. 

July 2, 1908. 

school, and the general awakening of interest 
in her work, she seems assured of a greater share 
of the patronage and support to which the princi- 
ples for which she stands . and the records of 
what she has done entitle her. When President 
Garrett resumed his seat, State Secretary Myhr 
arose, and in a few vigorous words conveyed to 
the school the good wishes of the state board, 
and assured the new president of his and its 
hearty co-operation in all possible ways. Presi- 
dent Kershner then took a few moments to make 
announcements for the coming year, speaking 
briefly of important changes to be made, the 
section of the new dormitory, now building, the 
refitting and refurnishing of the old buildings, 
strengthening of the faculty, and improvement of 
courses of instruction. F. II. Knight. 


Missouri Christian College. 

The fifty-ninth session closed with a class of 
11 in the academic department, one in voice cul- 
ture, one in expression, and one in post-graduate 
piano. Governor Joseph VV. Folk delivered the 
commencement address to an audience conserva- 
tively estimated at 2,000. The baccalaureate ser- 
mon was preached by h- O. Bricker, and the ad- 
dress to the undergraduates was delivered by John 

President E. L. Barham. 

P. Jesse. No commencement of this old institu- 
tion ever passed more happily or satisfactorily. 

The year has been one of marked success; the 
attendance has been fully equal to the capacity 
of the building, and work in every department 
has been unusually strong; the income of the year 
has been ample to meet all expenses and to com- 
plete the laying of granitoid walks about the 
building and premises. Many churches and friends, 
among the latter the beneficiary and senior classes, 
made donations during the year which were grate- 
fully received and are thankfully acknowledged. 

Among the improvements to be made the present 
summer are the addition of physical, chemical and 
biographical laboratories; enlargement of the libra- 
ry; rearrangement and improvements in each of the 
special departments, especially the art; new maps 
and charts for the departments of language and his- 
tory; and an electrical program clock and new fur- 
niture for the study hall and chapel. Renovation 
and improvements will also be made in the board- 
ing department. 

At the meeting of the board of incorporators 
T. H. Caop was commended for his devoted and 
untiring labor and splendid success as financial 
agent, and sent forth in his work another year. 

All rejoice in the strengthening of our institu- 
tion in its equipment and appointments, in the 
enlargement of its patronage, and in the confident 
expectation of coming to our Centennial free 
from incumbrance. 

Camden Point, Mo. ~£,. L. Barham, President. 

Oklahoma Christian University. 

Oklahoma Christian University has had a very 
successful year. We have three fine new build- 
ings, having a combined floor space of over two 
acres, all completed and well equipped; and as 
fine as are to be found in the brotherhood. We 
have a fine campus, street car facilities, command; 
ing location, good water and many of the other 
modern conveniences. The university will open 






Sixtieth session opens Sept. 9. Regular College and Preparatory Courses, Music, Art, 
Expression, Physical Culture. New Laboratories. Splendid Campus. Attentive Home 

Care. Catalog and further information on request. 

E. L. BARHAM, President, Camden Point, Platte Co., Mo. 



Classed by the TJ. S. Commissioner of Education as one of the brarteen «A" colleges for women in the United 
States. Four Laboratories; Astronomical Observatory ; Gymnasium; boating course, etc. Fifty acres 
in the cauinns Endowment reduces cost to students to $300 a year for full literary courses. For 
catalogue, address WM. YV. SMITH, A. M., LL. !»., President 



Faculty of 30 graduate instructors. Vocal and Instrumental. Classes and private 
lessons. Languages, Oratory, Dramatic Art. Normal courses for Teachers. 
Boarding department for young ladies, one-half block from school. Careful super- 
vision. Students met at train. Terms moderate. Write for Catalogue. 

J. C. EISENBERG, director 2108 LAFAYETTE AVE. 





Famous old school of the Bluegrass Reg-ion. Located in the "Athens of the South." Superior Faculty of 
twenty-three Instructors, representing Yale, University of Michigan, Wellesley, ' University of Cincinnati, 
Radcliffe, and Columbia University. Splendid, commodious building's, newly refurnished, heated by steam. 
Laboratories, good Library, Gymnasium, Tennis and Athletic Fields. Schools of Music, Art and Expres- 
sion. Exclusive patronage. Home care. Certificate admits to Eastern Colleges. For illustrated Year 
Book and further information address 

MRS. LTJELLA WILCOX ST. CLAIE, President, Lexington, Ky. 
Next Session opens Sept. 14, 1908. $40,000 in recent additions and improvements. 


Most students for the ministry must answer this question. Here are answers 
that have come to students in the College of the Bible during the past session. 

Sixty-two in other ways than by preaching have earned sums varying from $5.00 to 

$300.00, average earnings $91.00. 

Seventy-three have preached for one hundred and forty-five churches. Their remuner- 
ation has varied from $50.00 to $600.00. 

Seventy have received loans without interest from the two Educational Associations con- 
nected with the College of the Bible. The sums loaned vary according to the need of the 
student, from $16.00 to $150.00. 

Write for a Catalogue or Information. Ask for the Leaflet, "Aids to Self- 
Help in the College of the Bible." Address THE COLLEGE OF THE BIBLE, 
Publicity Department, _ Lexington, Ky. 



Is a standard co-educational college. It maintains departments of Greek, Latin, 
German, French, English, Philosophy and Education, Sociology and Economics, 
History, Political Science, Mathematics, Astronomy, Biology, Geology and Bota- 
ny, Chemistry. Also a school for Ministerial Education. Exceptional opportuni- 
ties for young men 'to work their way through college. Best of advantages for 
ministerial students. Library facilities excellent. The faculty of well-trained 
men. Expenses moderate. Courses for training of teachers. Located in most 
pleasant residence suburb of Indianapolis. Fall term opens September 22nd. Send 
for catalogue. 



July 2, 1908. 

its second year on September 15, with ten schools 
and colleges and a well-equipped facility of six- 
teen men and women. E. V. Zollars is piesi- 

The university opened on September 17, 1907, 
tinder many disadvantages, but the work went on, 
and the class work was not seriously interrupted. 
During the year a total of 257 different students 
enrolled, coming from 17 different states. Over 
90 enrolled in the college of music, and 54 were 
ministerial students. A splendid year's work em- 
phasizes the need as well as the opportunity that 
faces the Christian churches of this rapidly grow- 
ing region. Many of the agencies that help to 
develop student life have already been formed, 
among which may be mentioned the Y. vV. C. A., 
Ministerial Association, Athletic Association and 
Literary societies. 

The aim of the university is: (1) To adapt 
the work to the needs of its constituency, rather 
than follow ideals long proven to be inadequate to 
our day and time. (2) To make the school reli- 
gious, and to give to it a distinctly religious at- 
mosphere. (3) To make it a brotheihood school, 
in a very real sense. The result of a period in 
school life is often to take the student away 
from the people and to inculcate the caste spiri;. 
We hope to avoid this. (4) To train young men 
for the ministry. We are eminently qualified 
for this by haying men as teachers who are char- 
acterized by the evangelistic spirit. Men who 
go out from under their instruction will go 
with a passion for humanity. In other words, the 
university will seek to prepare the student for 
service in the higuest sense. 

A card to Miss Emma Hartshorn, registrar, ad- 
dressed in care of the university, Enid, Okla., will 
bring you a catalog. Randolph Cook, 

Minister first Christian Church, Enid, Okla. 

Pastors' College. 

A new college for preachers is proposed by 
George Thorn Smith, Ph. D. It is to be located 
at Champaign, 111., and it is said that the student 
who can comply with the conditions is offered un- 
usual opportunities. Some cherished studies, such 
as evidences of Christianity, are boldly omitted; 
while hitherto unused text-books are to be intro- 
duced. Dr. Smith evidently is prepared to break 
traditions. Ample material for sermons, we learn, 
are the key to actual practice in preaching, while 
he proposes to offer sane evangelism and indi- 
vidual power to think accurately and gracefully 
as an inducement for young men to enter the 

School of the Evangelists. 

During the year we have put the finishing 
touches on our new buildings and paid off every 
cent of indebtedness. We have enrolled 140 stu- 
dents, representing 30 states and countries. We 
are working seventeen young preachers on the 
farm this summer. We have started a big hennery 
for the school which is already profitable. We 
are planning to enroll at least 200 ministerial 
students next year. We are rejoicing in a splen- 
did outlook for every department of the work. 
We are sending out catalogues free and shall be 
glad to send you one. 

Ashley S. Johnson, President. 

Kimberlin HeiglUs, Tenn. 

Temple Seminary. 

The Christian Temple Seminary closed its fourth 
session in the commencement exercises covering 
five days, from June 14 to 18, and was the best 
commencement in our history. This institution 
has no rival in its field and is doing a work in 
Bible study that is attracting general attention 
throughout the city. One hundred and nineteen 
students matriculated last session and next ses- 
sion promises to have a still larger patronage. 
These students are from various religious bodies 
and all are in the work for study and service. 
The baccalaureate sermon was preached by the 
dean. Monday and Wednesday evenings were 
given to class exercises and they indicated close 
application. Tuesday was field day and one of 
the handsomest launches in our harbor was ten- 
dered for the use of the seminarians and they 
spent the day twenty miles south of the city. 
On commencement evening twelve students were 
graduated and two others received additional 
seals on their diplomas as a reward for post-gradu- 
ate work. B. A. Abbott delivered the address, 
which was strong and beautiful. O. B. Sears and 
L. B. Haskins took part on the program. 

Our fifth session opens October 2 and we are 
looking for the largest enrollment in our history. 
This work is practically free and furnishes the 
beginning to preachers and missionaries. 

Baltimore, Md. Peter Ainslie, dean. 

Texas Christian University. 

One of the most prosperous years of this uni- 
versity has just closed. The attendance was larg- 
er than formerly, though the financial depres- 
sion cut off the influx of new students in the 
middle of the year. In many ways the school 
has proved stronger than in former sessions, 
and especially is its strength better understood. 
Only ■ a few years ago it was regarded by many 
in this state and other states as simply an acad- 
emy or as doing a low grade of college work. 
Now it is understood by all to rank with institu- 
tions of the first-class, requiring precisely the same 
grade of scholarship for the degree A. B. as the 
state universities. 

The Bible college has won a recognition that it 
did not formerly have. Since the enlargement 
of its faculty and the raising of its course of 
study it is coming to be known as offering a 
curriculum of ministerial studies quite the equal 
of any othei in the brotherhood and as having a 
faculty second to no other. The B. D. degree 
here marks a higher scholarship than A. M. in 
the largest universities. The Bible college fac- 
ulty has seven professors. 

financially the university has made progress 
during the year. It has learned that it has large 
resources in the churches in Texas. The receipts 
from education day alone have more than equaled 

the income on a $100,000 of endowment. Manv 
gifts for endowment and other purposes have 
been received. The secretaries are now in the 
field for all their time. The plan of the endow- 
ment company is regarded by business men as 
the best that has been used for colleges so far as 
known. While the times have been for many 
months most unfavorable, the work of raising 
money, though somewhat retarded, has gone stead- 
ily on. 

The new gymnasium and natatorium, built by 
student enterprise, and now being fully equipped, 
will give a better foundation for athletics, for 
which the university is famous throughout the 
state. The new college of fine arts will include 
music, oratory and painting. These departments 
last year had a total attendance of nearly 250, not 
counting names more than once. The combination 
of these departments into one college means a- 
strengthening of all and an attention to these 
accomplishments that is more worthy of the age 
in which we live and of the aspirations of Ameri- 
can students. 

It is often urged that a college of business 
hardly belongs to an institution like this, and in 
some respects this is true. Nevertheless, it is 
certain that young people preparing for business 
circles need Christian education as much as 
young people preparing for any other activities of 
life. It is further true that a college of busi- 



A record of fifty-two successful years. Six substantial and convenient buildings, lighted 
with electricity and warmed by central heating plant. Beautiful campus shaded with 
natural trees. Biological and physical laboratories with modern equipment. Carefully se- 
lected library, including the best periodicals. Eida's Wood, girls' dormitory, known far and 
wide. Wholesome atmosphere. Eureka stands for the best. Courses offered: Collegiate, 
Preparatory, Sacred Literature, Public Speaking, Music, Art and Commercial. 

for catalogue and further information, address ROBERT E, HIERONYMTJS, President 



A Christian School for the Higher Edu- 
cation of young men and women. Splen- 
did location. New Building. Expenses 
very moderate. Departments: Prepara- 
tory, Classical, Scientific, Ministerial. 

Send for free illustrated Catalog. 

Address, CARE JOHANN, President. 
Canton, Missouri. 


Located among the healthful West Virginia hills. 
68th year begins Tuesday, Sept. 22d. College 
courses offered: Classical, Scientific, Civil Engin- 
eering, Ministerial, Normal, Music, Art, Oratory, 
^ ~ ~ " —— ~ ^^~^~^^^ — ^^^^^^^~ Shorthand and Bookkeeping. Also high grade 
Preparatory School, which prepares for any college. Special supervision given to young boys and 
girls. Environment well nigh ideal. No saloons in the county. Six well-equipped buildings. Two 
large dormitories. New trolley line now in operation connecting Bethany hourly with Wellsburg. 
Wheeling, Steubenville and other Ohio. River towns. Expenses very low. Board, room and tuition 
for the college year as low as $124. Opportunities for self supoort. A loan fund for ministerial 
students. Apply at once for catalogue. Address, PRESIDENT THOMAS E. CRAMBLET, 

iSethany, W. VA. 



A well established college with an 
honorable history, devoted to the Chris- 
tian education of young men and young 

Situated in the heart of the historic 
Western Eeserve, Hiram partakes of 
the sturdy character of the early pio- 
neers. Somewhat secluded, yet feeling 
the pulsing life of a great city, it is 
an almost ideal place to prepare for 
a life work. 

The college campus is one of the most 
elevated points in Ohio. The air is 
clear, and pure spring water in abun- 
dance is supplied through the village 
waterworks. The town is lighted by 
electricity. New sidewalks of cement 
and stone are under construction. 

Hiram places large emphasis on the 
most important factor in education, 
personal contact. The peculiarly close 
and sympathetic relation between 
Hiram ' students and their teachers 

unique even 

makes Hiram almost 
among small colleges. 

Hiram offers four thorough courses 
of study; the Classical and Ministerial, 
leading to the degree of A. B., and the 
Philosophical and Scientific, leading to 
the degree of Ph. B. or B. S. Besides 
this a full Preparatory course of four 
years is offered; and a Department of 
Music of high rank maintained. 

The religious life of Hiram is virile, 
genuine and sane. The life of the 
Christian Associations is dominant. 
Missionary enthusiasm is intense. The 
Student Volunteer Band numbers L!.i 
members and has held successful meet- 
ings in many of the churches of North- 
eastern Ohio. The study of missions, 
both in the class-room and in the Mis- 
sion Study Class, is conducted by Prot. 
Paul. Courses for ministerial students 
are strong, and are being materially 
strengthened for next year. 

The fall term opens September 22, 1908. For catalog and further information 

July 2, 1908. 



ness in connection with an institution of many 
other departments has notable advantages over 
those business schools which are entirely sepa- 
rate in their management. 

By organization this university includes two 
colleges outside of Waco, Hereford Christian 
College and Carlton College, both of which pre- 
pare students for the freshmen or sophomore 
classes of the college of arts. These institu- 
tions are in excellent condition, and are valuable 
parts of the educational forces of the state. They 
are not situated near enough to Waco to become 
in any sense competitors, and they exert a wide 
influence for good in their respective portions of 
the state. Two other colleges in Texas are con- 
ducted by the Disciples, the Add-Ran-Jarvis Col- 
lege at Thorp Spring and the Carr-Burdette Col- 
lege at Sherman. While these are not immediate- 
ly connected with the university, they are con- 
ducted in perfect harmony and sympathy with it, 
and are in the hands of excellent directors and 
teachers. The latter is strictly a female college, 
and has excellent facilities for the culture of 
young ladies. These young ladies are advised to 
take a more extensive course of study in the 
university, and thus perfect their education. 

Thus, while Texas has several institutions of 
learning, it has this one crowning virtue, that its 
forces are able to work in perfect harmony with 
each other and so to distribute their efforts as to 
meet a wide variety of needs, and to cover fairly 
well a broad extent of territory. _ As yet Texas 
has less than four million inhabitants; but th^ 
time is coming when it will have forty millions. 

Waco, Texas. Clinton Lockhart. 

Transylvania University. 

On June 11, in historic Morrison College, were 
held the forty-ninth annual commencement exer- 
cises of Kentucky University, closing the last ses- 
sion of the institution under that name. The 

Carnegie Science Hall 
(now nearing completion). 

baccalaureate sermon was preached on Sunday, 
June 7, by Hugh McLellan, of Richmond, Ky. 
(A. B. '95), and long-time president of the 
Alumni Association. The commencement address 
was delivered by Dr. E. Y. Mullins. president of 
the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary of 
Louisville, Ky. Forty-four young men and wom- 
en received degrees and diplomas. The honor- 
ary degree of doctor of laws was conferred on 
President Clinton Lockhart (A. B. '86, A. M. 
'88), of Texas Christian University. 

As already announced, the old name of Tran- 
sylvania University was reassumed on June 12. 
The change of name has met the hearty appro- 
bation of the faculty, the student body, and the 
alumni everywhere, and it is believed that the 
old Transylvania with its long and honorable his- 
tory and traditions will be of distinct value to the 

The year has been one of progress and suc- 
cess. There was a marked increase in the num- 
ber of strictly collegiate students, the faculty 
has been strengthened, the work in all depart- 
ments has been of high standard. The $50,000 
Carnegie Science Hall, work on which has been 
for sometime delayed, is now nearing completion 
and will be equioped and ready for use at _ the 
opening of the next session. With its spacious 
class rooms and laboratories for physics, chem- 
istry, and the biological sciences, it offers facili- 
ties that are hardly excelled by any college labora- 
tories in the South. _ _ 

Student interests have prospered unusually this 
session. The successes in athletics have been tar 
surpassed by the success of the representatives 
of the literary societies in contests with other 
institutions — a series of victories almost unpar- 
alleled in the history of the literary work of 
this university. A. L. Henry. 

Virginia Christian College. 

Virginia Christian College has closed its fifth 
school year. The first year it enrolled 155 stu- 
dents. The enrollment has steadily increased each 
year, and closed with 228 the last session. F. M. 
Rains made a full house glad by his address on 
"Faith, Vision, Love." He will find a hearty 
welcome whenever he returns. The graduating 
class numbered sixteen, an equal number of young 
men and young women. The senior class for next 
year numbers thirty. The college plant as it now 

stands, containing 8C aces of land, is worth from 
$80,000 to $90,000. After two years of faithful 
work Professor Davis has secured $30,000 in 
bankable notes and cash, and after a little further 
technical arrangements with Mr. Carnegie we will 
he ready to put up new buildings to the amount 
of $50,000. This will provide a distinct college 
building and new dormitory for boys. 

For three years past the school has firmly de- 
clined to enroll students who use strong drink or 
tobacco, or follow such habits as will undermine 
character. This decision is sent to parents and 
young people in letters and literature the year 
round. In brief, the same standard is held for 
young men and boys as is held for the young 
ladies, and we see no reason why Christian educa- 
tion does not require this. Nine-tenths of the 
young men of the institution to-day W'ould en- 
tirely refuse to fall back to the old methods. 
The students, unless there be some under 15 years 
old, and teachers are united in a college govern- 
ment association. The whole body elects 12 of the 
students to what is called the board of directors. 
The faculty constitute an advisory board. The 
president of the school is president of the associa- 
tion and has veto power, but under the advice and 
co-operation of the faculty four-fifths of the stu- 
dents may carry a point of government over his 
veto. Many very valuable and helpful things 
have come out of this co-operation even in its 
experimental stage, and we have seen nothing 
of evil. It unifies the whole body, develops a 
spirit of co-operation and tends to the betterment 
of college life. 

Many of the citizens of Lynchburg have proved 
their good will by giving money to help establish 
the school. This year for the first time we are 
making a canvass in the city for students. Lynch- 
burg has fine public schools; their graduates are 
well prepared for our junior class. 

God has given his blessings to the college and 
we seek its further development in true harmony 
with his will. J. Hop wood. 

Lynchburg, Va. 


William Woods College. 

The session of 1907-8 of William Woods Col- 
lege, located at Fulton, Mo., was marked with 
signal success. Our articulation with Missouri 
University and endorsement by the Northern Cen- 
tral Association of Colleges, have, in some meas- 
ure, toned up the literary and scientific depart- 
ments and we have reaped the benefit of an en- 
larged teaching force. The management will con- 
tinue to secure the services of the very best 
teachers. The enrollment was 249 — of which 173 
were boarding pupils. The beneficiaries numbered 
53 and one missionary's daughter was among the 
students. There were 27 graduates in the literary 
department, 16 other graduates and four post- 

The introduction of student government has 
put the institution upon a higher plane. We are 

delighted to recognize the spiritual tone that pre- 
vails. The students and teachers continue to 
unite with the Fulton Church in forming a living 
link with the foreign field, Miss Rose Johnson.. 
in Japan, being their representative. The old 
chapel has been transformed into living and school 
rooms and an assembly hall, hardwood floors placed 
in a number of the halls and other improvements 
and repairs made. Special assistance was received 
through the will of Mrs. Lucinda Powell, while 
Mrs. Mary Dulany cancelled an annuity bond of 
$7,500 which now becomes an actual gift to the 
college. Dr. W. S. Woods was again the kind 
friend of the school, meeting a considerable amount 
of deficiency, as well as donating money for im- 
provements. The need for further endowment 
is more pressing as the years go. 

J. B. Jones. 

Busy People's Bible Course 

at home, leading to graduation. Use your 
spare time. Terms easy. Circulars free. 
Write Pres. Chas. J. Burton, Ph. B. ( Chris- 
tian College, Oskaloosa, Iowa. 




Send for Catalog of 


Valparaiso, Indiana, 

One of the Largest Universities and 
Training Schools in the United States. 

25 Departments 

Excellent Equipments 

165 Instructors 

School the Entire Year 

Students may enter at any time. 
Expenses less than at any other place. 
Catalog mailed free. Address 

H. B. Brown, President, 
or O. P. Kinsky, Vice President. 



On recommendation of the Board of Curators, and by authority of the Kentucky Legislature, 
the name Kentucky University is given up, and this historic Institution, on the very site and with, 
the memories of the oldest seat of learning west of the Alleghenies, reassumes the name Transyl- 
vania. Kentucky Univerisity has done noble work and the new Transylvania will preserve the best 
inheritance of the past and grow with the larger work of this new time. 

Transylvania University is a standard institution with elective courses, modern equipment, a 
strong faculty chosen from some of the best universities of America and Europe, and those sur- 
roundings which make for thought and culture. First semester begins September 14, 1908. Send; 
for catalog to-day. PRESIDENT, TRANSYLVANIA UNIVERSITY, Lexington, Kentucky. 


We invite ministers and others to send reports 
of meetings, additions and other news of the 
churches. -It is especially requested that additions 
be reported as "by confession and baptism," or"bv 
letter." * 


_ Bentonville, June 21.— One additional confes- 
sion and baptism not heretofore reported. — T W 
Ellis. J ' 

Winslow, June 22. Meeting closed last night 

with large audiences and fine interest to the end. 
Five more baptisms yesterday. A fine site for a 
building has been secured and the erection will be 
begun a little later. My next meeting will be at 
Choctaw, Ark.— D. T. Stanley. 


_ San Diego, June 24.— Two additions at Univer- 
sity Heights Church last Lord's day.— Volney Tohn- 
son. J 

San Francisco, June 23. — Herbert Yeuell's meet- 
ing with the West Side Church resulted in 205 
responses to the invitation. We have been greatly 
helped. A fuller report will be sent— Robert 
Lord Cave, minister. 


Charlottetown, P. E. I., June 24.— Mitchell and 
iBilby are in a good meeting here with fine audi- 
ences and two accessions. We are having strong 
sermons and good music. — John McOuerry, min- 


Atlanta, June 24. — Revival at Howell Church, 
in this city, has opened auspiciously. Evangelist 
"Sunshine" Shaw is leading us. There is a splen- 
did interest, notwithstanding hot weather. Bap- 
tisms to-night. The meeting will continue until the 
Yeuell tent services at West End, which begins 
July 5. Both churches are in difficult fields. — 
Dean L- Bond, minister. 


La Fontaine, June 21. — Two added since last- 
report, one by letter and one from the Baptists. — ■ 
A. E- Martin. 

Tampico, June 24. — We had one addition by 
confession and baptism at my appointment at 
Surprise, while at my last meeting at Honeytown 
there was one by baptism. — Jesse Reynolds, min- 


Waterloo, June 18.— C. L. McKim. of Oel- 
wein, closed a good meeting here with 23 added — 
12 of them by confession. 


Abilene, June 22. — There were two added yes- 
terday — one by confession and one by letter — 
C. A. Cole. 

Tyro, June 22. — Four added at regular services 
by confession and baptism, all highly esteemed 
citizens. — C. W. Yard. 

Lyons, June 22. — I dedicated a new church 
at Lakin, Kan., June 14, free from debt. I 
preached six nights and had 27 additions. The 
work moves forward here at Lyons. — W. L. Har- 
ris, minister. 

Sharon, June 22. — Two added here yesterday 
by primary obedience, also one baptism at Hazel- 
ton last trip. We are making arrangements for a 
revival in October with E. A. Newby as evangelist. 
— S. E- Hendrickson. 


Pleasant Grove, June 22. — We have closed a 
two-weeks' meeting. We held cottage prayer- 
meetings a week in advance and these were help- 
ful and generated a beautiful spiritual fervor. 
We had six added on June 14 and immersed four 
in the River Root in the presence of several hun- 
dred spectators. Four others are to be immersed 
next Lord's day at the same place. The District 
Union, of the W. C. T. U. comprising several 
different counties, met in our church building re- 
cently. The winner of the golden medal recit- 
ing contest was the little daughter of Brother and 
Sister Flathers of this church. — Richard Dobson, 


Louisiana, June 22. — Two made the good con- 
fession here yesterday and two united by letter. — 
E. J- Lampton. 

Glenwood, June 23. — I closed a successful 
meeting with 21 additions — 11 baptisms. The 
strength of the church has quadrupled. The pulpit 
supply committee is in correspondence with a good 
preacher. 1 go to Wyoccna for a meeting begin- 
ning July 5. — Joel Brown. 


Rising City, June 22. — Plans were laid for a 
great meeting which began here May 22 with 
bright prospects. Storm followed storm, leaving 
only eight services up till June 14, when the 
weather was good enough for people to attend. 
Samuel Gregg, the evangelist, presented the plea 


in a masterly way. The church has been greatly 
strengthened _ and a good feeling exists. New 
lights were installed in the building. We were 
favored with a visit from our honored state sec- 
retary, Brother Baldwin. His aged mother and 
sister are among the staunch- workers here. 
Grandma Baldwin sustained a broken arm from 
a fall one evening. We are glad to report, though, 
that she is making good progress toward recovery. 
— A. O. Swartwood, minister. 


Montpelier. June 24.— Seven additions to the 
\\ est Unity congregation since last raoort — three 
by baptism and four by letter and statement.— 
F. M. Pitman. 

Toledo, June 22. — At the regular services at the 
Central Church yesterday 16 came forward. There 
were seven confessions and baptisms. — Grant W. 
Speer, pastor. 


Claremore, June 24. — I recently resigned as pas- 
tor of the church in North Little Rock, Ark., 
and have again entered the evangelistic field. 
I have held a short meeting near Adair and have 
had 12 additions by confession and baptism since 
last report. Will my friends please address me 
here for two weeks? — Morton H. Wood, evan- 


Enterprise, June 19. — One baptism at Wallowa 
last Lord's day. I shall be glad to answer all in- 
quiries concerning the opportunities in the grow- 
ing towns of this fertile valley. — W. S. Crockett. 

Gladstone, June 22. — Brother Berry's meeting 
closed last night. There were four confessions 
and SO persons are ready for the charter organi- 
zation. The Tabernacle debt was provided for, 
and we address ourselves to the future with new 
hopes. Brother Berry's visit is much appreciated. 
We expect to organize on the first Lord's day in 
July at least 60 members, and arrangements are 
shaping to commence the erection of a handsome 
church building in the early autumn. — A. H. Mul- 

Ncwberg, June 22. — Nine added since last re- 
port — six by confession — three by statement. This 
makes 70 since November, the beginning of my 
pastorate here. This is a mission church helped 
by the O. C. M. C. I preached in the basement 
of the Tabernacle for the first time yesterday, and 
used the unfinished baptistry. Prof. A. W. Shaf- 
fer spent his four weeks' vacation with us and 
served as assistant pastor. He helped us very 
much in song and many other ways. — George C. 


Union City, June 19.— John L. Brandt and 
C. H. Hoggatt closed a two and a half week's 
meeting with us recently. There were 50 addi- 
tions — 44 of them by confession and baptism. We 
were greatly hindered by political agitation, heat 
and rain. — J. J. Castleberry, minister. 

Clarksville, June 24. — We report two baptisms 
to-night. We are getting ready for decision day. — 
Dan Trundle. 


Waxahachie, June 22. — Eight additions here yes- 
terday. — J. B. Boen. 

Hubbard City, Tune 23. — We had a crowded 
house at both services yesterday. I am to begin 
a meeting at Mertens July 6. — W. M. Stuckey. 

Bryan. June 24. — I have associated with me 
W. D. Parnell, of Dallas, who, until recently, has 
been with J. B. Boen. Brother Parnell is a splen- 
did chorus leader and- cornet soloist. We hold our 
first meeting at Yarrellton, a tabernacle meeting, 
beginning July 10, and afterwards a camp-meeting 
at San Gabriel, Julv 31, a famous camp ground 
of Central Texas. — James A. Challener. 

Laredo, June 20. — I recently closed two short 
meetings with home forces, one at Devine and 
the other at Laredo. There were 14 baptisms be- 
side other additions, and helpful results. — D. D. 
Bovle. minister. 

Hamlin, June 26. — I have just closed a good 
meeting here in the Methodist church. Theie 
were seven additions with six baptisms, but other 
things must be reported more fully. — Percy G. 




Seattle, June 17. — Thirteen added to the Queen 
Anne Church since the last report and during the 
last three Lord's days — 10 by letter and three by 
confession. — J. L. Greenwell. minister. 

Colville, June 24. — I closed a fifteen-days' meet- 
in<* here with 18 additions. The first week we he'd 
a Bible school rally, getting 36 new scholars and a 
cradle roll class of about 20 little people. Have 
organized a teacher training class of about 26 
members. Brother and Sister N. M. Field, of 
Dean Avenue Christian Church, rendered valu- 
able assistance with the singing. T am to be at 
Ritzville next Lord's day and then return home to 
Carthafre. Mo., to do evangelistic work in the 
state. — S. J. Vance, 


Take Horsford's Acid Phosphate 

To quiet the nerves, relieves nausea, sick head- 
-I.e. and to induce refreshing sleep. 

SAUL CHOSEX KING.— 1 Sam. 10:17-27. 
Memory verse : 24. 
Golden Text.— He that ruleth over men 
must be just, ruling in the fear of God — 
1 Sam. 23:3. 

Read chapters 9, 10 and 11 to get the full 
story of the calling of Saul to the kingship 
over Israel. It is not a simple matter, even 
among a simple people, where all men have 
been upon a common level in matters of 
government, to choose one man who shall 
thereafter be supreme. The approval of the 
old leader must rest upon mm; he must be 
the choice of God; he must be a man who 
can win his way and be as big as his office; 
and he must command the support and alle- 
giance of the people. 

Accordingly we see these several steps in 
the calling of Saul to be king. ' First, Sam- 
uel anointed him when he was looking for 
his lost cattle (9:1; 10:16). This was done 
by divine authority, and there is no hint in 
this part of the narrative that the people's 
desire for a king was in the nature of re- 
bellion against the direct authority of Je- 
hovah. In fact, 9:16 gives the impression 
that the granting of a king was an act of 
mercy on the part of Jehovah for the better 
protection of the nation. God says to 
Samuel: "To-morrow about this time 1 
will send thee a man out of the land of 
Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be 
prince over my people Israel; and he shall 
save my people out of the hand of the Phil- 
istines; for I have looked upon my people 
because their cry is come unto me.'" This 
distinctly contemplates the monarchy as 
primarily a device for more efficient govern- 
ment and leadership than could be secured 
under the system of judges, and not as es- 
sentially a wicked revolt from the au- 
thority of Jehovah. 

Then, secondly, Saul was chosen by lot 
from among all the people (10:17-27). "Here 
again, as in chapter 8, the idea is presented 
that the desire for a king is a rejection of 
God. Nevertheless, God grants the wish 
and assists in the choice of the king; in 
fact, makes the choice, for a selection by lor 
was considered as equivalent to a direct 
choice by God. The Hebrews, like many 
other peoples of antiquity, notably the 
Greeks and Romans, conceived that the hand 
of God controlled the dice when any im- 
portant matter was put to the arbitrament 
of chance. So, to select by lot was only a 
way of having Jehovah designate the man 
whom he had chosen for the office. Saul 's 
hiding among the baggage at the time of 
the casting of lots could not have been be- 
cause, in his humility, he had no idea that 
he would be chosen, if he had already been 
anointed "to be a prince" v 10:l), and 
was treasuring iu his heart and concealing 
from his family the words which Samuel 
had spoken to him regarding the kingdom 

After this selection of a king by lot, the 
people all went home, and Saul went home, 
too. There was no coronation or inaugura- 
tion, no oath and no robes of office. It was 
a very simple and primitive state of society. 
The newly-chosen king went home and got 
to his plowing. He was. as yet, a king 
without a court, without an army, without a 
country. God had made him kino-, but he 
had yet to make himself king. The place 
which had been given to him was simply an 
opportunity. Then the Ammonites came up 
against the men of Jabesh, and the people 
who were iu peril sent messengers and ap- 
pealed to Saul. It was at this time that 
Saul showed his qualities of leadership, 
raised an army, won a great victory, de- 
livered Israel from a peril and a reproach. 

JxTLT 2, 1908. 



and made himself king by showing that he 
had it in him to be a king. 

After all these events — after Saul had 
been secretly anointed by Samuel, after he 
had been publicly chosen by lot, after he 
had proven himself to be a leader in battle 
— tnen the people came together in Gilgal, 
"and there they made Saul king" (11:15). 

Christian Endeavor 

July 12, 1908. 




M. Rooted in Christ. Col. 2:1-7. 

T. Courtesy in Speech. J as. 3:1-8. 

W. Courtesy to Enemies. Acts 26:24-26. 

T. Courtesy in Letters. 2 John. 1:1-5. 

b. Courtesy in Salutations. Luke 10:5-8. 

S. Courtesy to Rulers. i Kings 1:28-31. 

S. Topic. 

The first word of the Scripture lesson 
is the central point for the consideration 
of this subject. It is the word "finally." 
It calls our attention to what precedes, and 
introduces a summing up of the subject of 
courtesy and character. In looking over 
what leads up to this lesson paragraph we 
notice in the seventh verse, and also in the 
first verse of the third chapter of 1 Peter, 
the words, ' ' In like manner. ' ' Following 
the indication of these words we find our- 
selves in the second chapter contemplating 
the example of Christ, for we are told in 
the twenty-first verse of the second chap- 
ter that ' ' He left us an example that we 
should follow his steps. ' ' 

Beginning with the example of Christ and 
following the thought through the remain- 
der of the second chapter and the verses of 
the third chapter up to our lesson portion, 
we have set before us as an example the 
character and the courtesy of Christ for 
our imitation, and summed up in the les- 
son portion, which begins at the eighth verse 
and closes with the twelfth. 

Jesus has been named as the first gentle- 
man of his times. We might say that he 
is the world's first gentleman, and the 
only true gentleman in whom the truest 
character and the finest courtesy have their 
sweetest and highest expression. If this 
were not so we could not feel at the end 
of these centuries that he was still our ex- 
ample. The fact that we are willing to 
accept him as our example, and turn our feet 
to walk in his steps indicates that the judg- 
ment of the centuries is that he has been, 
and is still, the first gentleman of tne world. 
Coming to the lesson portion we note that 
the character and the courtesy which we are 
to acquire in imitation of Christ are summed 
up in the words like-minded, compassionate, 
loving, tender-hearted, humble-minded, not 
rendering evil for evil, nor reviling for 
l'eviling, but contrariwise the blessings. 

What a beautiful world it will be when 
the followers of Christ with sweet sincer- 
ity and strong patience accept joyfully this 
character and courtesy in Christ as their 
model and strive to work it out! Truly, 
then, we shall, as Peter says, ' ' inherit a 
blessing. ' ' 

Having, led us from the example of Christ 
through the illustrations of it to this con- 
clusion in the lesson paragraph, Peter in- 
troduces another word which invites us a 
little further. He says, "for." What fol- 
lows is very significant ; "he that would 
love life and see good days." What Chris- 
tian Endeavorer does not love and wish 
for good days ( But Peter would have us 
to know that life which may be loved, and 
days that are good, depend upon the char- 
acter and courtesy defined in the previous 
verses, and also in the careful oDservance 
of the words which follow: We are to keep 
our tongues from evil and our lips from 

guile, and must turn away from evil to the 
doing of good, and to the pursuit of peace. 

Courtesy is the coin of character. Such 
a character naturally expresses itself in such 
a courtesy as is indicated in the lesson 
verses. Peter has another use for the word 
"for" in the twelfth verse, in which he in- 
dicates that we are to acquire this char- 
acter and courtesy not only for its own 
sake, but because the eyes of the Lord are 
upon us, and if we need help in this re- 
alization we have comfort and nope in the 
further fact that ' ' his ears are open to our 
supplication. ' ' 

If we despise the character and do not 
value the courtesy which comes from this 
following in the steps of Christ, we must 
tremble before this further word of Peter, 
' ' the face of the Lord is upon them that do 

Midweek Prayer 'Meeting 

By Charles Blanchard. 


Topic, July 8 : 1 Cor. 6 : 19, 20 ; Luke 

The body was not made simply for itself. 
Man is not simply a machine, though ' ' fear- 
fully and wonderfully made. ' ' The body is 
a machine, but the mind is intended to be 
its master. The spirit is to the body what 
the current of mysterious electricity is to 
the wire. The human body is a marvelous 
system of electrical wires strung over and 
through another system of bones, wrapped 
up in another system of muscles, whicn are 
wrapped up in still another series of deli- 
cate tissues called skin. It is a marvelous 
body, and has well been called the ' ' House 
Beautiful. ' ' But the body without the 
spirit is dead. It is one of the pathetic and 
heart-breaking facts in human experience. 
We know it's true physically. Strange we 
are so blind that we often fail to recognize 
that it is just as true spiritually. ' ' If any 
man have not the Spirit of Christ he is none 
of his. ' ' This is the declaration of a simple 
fact in the realm of the spiritual. 

Man's body was made for the dwelling- 
place of his own spirit, primarily. It is 
every man's high calling of heaven, first of 
all, to be himself. Get that, and there is 
nothing in the religion of Jesus Christ to 
interfere with the independence of the man 
that lives in the body. We can do as we 
please with these bodies of ours — wreck 
them if we will and suffer the calamity; for 
all of which it is hardly fair to blame Prov- 
idence — the Power that made us so wonder- 
fully and endowed us so marvelously and 
mysteriously. But to have made us other- 
wise would have been to make us less than 
men. It is better to be a man than an 
angel, according to the hint given us in tne 
Psalmist's wonderful description ol man 
and his creation. ' ' Thou hast made him a 
little lower than (not the angels as in the 
old version) God; thou hast crowned him 
with glory and with honor, and didst set 
him over the works of thine hands. ' ' Man 
is as independent as God in the sphere of 
his activity; that is, in ruling over the 
works of God's hands with which we have 
to do. 

It is a wonderful revelation that our bodies 
are the temple of the Holy Spirit. This 
sublime fact links us with the Divine. And 
somehow we feel that it is fitting. At our 
best we recognize, as Augustine said, that 
"Man was made for God and will not be 
satisfied until he finds him. ' ' And this is 
in perfect accord with the great apostle's 
declaration, that ' ' God hath made of one 
blood all the nations of the earth, and hath 
appointed the bounds of their habitations 
that they should feel after God and find 

him, though he be not far from every one 
of us; for in him we live and move and 
have our being." "We are his offspring," 
the Greek poet declared. And our hearts 
assure us that it is so. We are the children 
of God by birth, though some of us are far 
descended, and it seems hard oftentimes to 
trace, even dimly, our heavenly ancestry. 
We have gone away from God. It is another 
of the pathetic and heart-breaking facts of 
our human experience. 

Still may we all become the children of 
God by faith. Faith; what is it? The elec- 
tric force that brings us and binds us to the 
Infinite, the unseen and the eternal. Faith 
is the wireless telegraphy of the soul. Why 
should it be thought credulous or even 
strange, iu these days of wireless messages, 
as marvelous and mysterious as the re- 
searches and reaches and revelations and 
raptures and rejoicings of faith. And why 
should it be thought a thing incredible that 
God, our Father, should give his Spirit unto 
those that ask him? "If ye, being evil, 
know how to give good gifts' unto your chil- 
dren, how much more shall your Father in 
heaven give the Holy Spirit unto them that 
ask him?" It was the Master that said it, 
and our hearts leap up at the promise, 
though some of us are slow of heart to be- 
lieve all that he has spoken, as the disciples 
of old. ' ' Because ye are sons, God hath 
sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your 
hearts crying, Abba, Father ! " It is the 
child's cry, and the Spirit Gears witness 
with our spirits that we are the children of 
God; and if children, then heirs and joint 
heirs with Jesus Christ to an inheritance in- 
corruptible and undefiled, and which fadeth 
not away. Now are we the children of God 
and temples of the Holy Spirit; or else we 
are aliens from the covenant of promise and 
strangers. Sons or strangers — which 1 

m @ 

A Fifty Year Test. 
The many attempts during the past fifty 
years to improve upon the standard of all 
infant foods — Borden's Eagle Brand Con- 
densed Milk — have been in vain. Eagle 
Brand is prepared under rigid sanitary con- 
ditions. As an infant food its equal is un- 

We handle a large and beautiful as- 
sortment of Christian Endeavor pins 
and badges and charms. 

Junior and Senior monogram 

buttons $ .05 

Coin silver scarf pins, 15c to 50 

Coin silver charms ' 60 

Solid gold catch pin 1.00 

Solid gold face button 1.25 

Solid gold charm 1.50 

Solid gold charm, style D 1.75 

Solid gold charm, style A 2.50 

Watch fobs range from 25c to . . 2.00 

Then we have unusually lovely Gift 
Badges, set with emeralds, pearls or 
diamonds, for $6.00. These are for 
the Junior, Intermediate or Senior 
Departments. Our customers may 
tell us price and general preference 
and we will make selection when re- 

Christian Publishing Company, 
St. Louis, Mo. 




The Adult Bible Class Movement at the 
iouisville Convention. 

This great movement is only three years 
old officially, having received recognition in 
the Eleventh International Sunday-school 
Coaveation in Toronto in 1905. Though 
only three years old, you would have thought 
the movement to have reached maturity if 
you had seen it demonstrating itself at the 
Twelfth International Sunday-School con- 
vention at Louisville, Ky., on Friday, June 
19. | 

W. C. Pearce, the Superintendent of this 
great work for the Association, had been 
jpreparing for this Convention. He had vis- 
ited many cities in the interest of the or- 
ganized work among adults, hoping to make 
the movement appear worth while at Louis- 
ville. On Wednesday preceding the regular 
sessions of the Convention a great confer- 
ence was held in the Warren Memorial 
Presbyterian Church. A whole day was 
given to this department and the meeting 
was planned to hold simultaneous sessions 
for men and women. The whole range of 
problems of this department was covered in 
the discussion. 

On Friday morning Superintendent W. 
C. Pearce gave the report of the movement 
from its organization three years ago. The 
present status of the movement may be 
seen from the following extract from his 
report : 


It is not possible to give a satisfactory state- 
ment of the number of organized adult Bible 
classes or their membership. All our statistics are 
gathered by the State and Provincial Associations 
through the county associations. The statistical 
blanks used for gathering the information for this 
convention were printed and distributed before the 
adult department was organized. We can report 
that 1,632 certificates have been issued by forty- 
nine associations, and an application for a certifi- 
cate has been received from the Philippine Islands. 
This guarantees that each class is organized ac- 
cording to the international standard and regis- 
tered with its state or provincial association. These 
certificates have been issued by the following as- 
sociations : 


*New York 310 

Pennsylvania 189 

Ontario 160 

Ohio 117 

Kentucky 95 

Indiana 82 

Illinois 81 

Kansas 57 

Michigan 45 

Rhode Island 34 

District of Columbia 30 

New Jersey 30 

Maine 28 

West Virginia 25 

Iowa 21 

Missouri 21 

Virginia 21 

Nebraska 19 

Delaware 17 

Colorado 16 

Massachusetts 16 

New Brunswick ... 16 

Arkansas 15 

California (South). 15 

South Carolina .... 15 

Alabama 13 Total 1,632 

*The number issued in New York includes those 
receiving the New York certificate. New York 
standard required is the same as International. 

None Reported: Alaska, Florida, Mississippi, 
Montana, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, 
Washington (East), Hawaii, Philippines, Porto 
Rico, Mexico, Newfoundland, Alberta, British 
Columbia (East), West Indies. 

A public demonstration gave convincing 
evidence of the power and popularity of 
the Adult Bible Class movement among men. 

Texas 13 

Vermont 12 

Nova Scotia 12 

California (North). 11 

North Dakota 10 

North Carolina .... 9 

Louisiana 8 

Manitoba 7 

New Hampshire ... 7 

Idaho 6 

Georgia 6 

New Mexico 6 

Oklahoma 6 

Arizona 5 

Minnesota 5 

Washington (West) 5 

Connecticut 4 

Wisconsin 4 

Maryland 2 

Quebec 2 

Wyoming 2 

Tennessee 1 

British Columbia 

(West) 1 

On Friday evening. June 19, the members 
of men's classes who were attending the 
convention at the Warren Memorial Presby 
terian Church met at 7:15 and organized a 
great process : on. Representatives of the police 
force of Louisville headed the procession, 
the fiist of the kind they had ever led, per- 
haps. Prominent leaders of the great In- 
ternational work were at the front, Justice 
McLaren of Toronto, Mr. Hartshorn, of Bos- 
ton, Marion Lawrance and W. C. Pearce, 
and others. A bugler and a man with a 
megaphone marshalled the host. Banners 
were plentiful, and one of them announced 
that the men of America were for the Man 
of Galilee. 

Five abreast the host marched, singing 
as they went, toward the great armory. The 
sight was moving and inspiring and com- 
pelled deep emotion when you stopped to 
consider what it indicated. One thousand 
and five hundred men were in line, men who 
were proud of the fact that they were band- 
ed together to study the Word of God, men 
who were not ashamed to sing hymns of 
praise as they walked through the streets. 
It may be safely ventured that no procession 
will pass through any city 's streets this 
year that will mean so much for the world 
as this procession meant. 

The center section of seats in the great 
armory was reserved for them. They 
marched in singing, aud the audience inside 
sang with them as they waved their Chau- 
tauqua salutes in welcome. The great choir, 
under the leadership of E. O. Excell, stood 
to welcome them with singing. It was an 
overwhelming sight. As one lady expressed 
it. when she tried to sing a lump in her 
throat choked back the song as she looked 
upon a regiment of Christian men march- 
ing in. 

When the men had all entered and before 
they were seated, W. C. Pearce, the Inter- 
national Superintendent of Adult Bible 
Class work, stood before them on the great 
platform and asked them: 

"Men, what is our aim?" 

''The world for Christ,'' came as one 
voice from 1,500 men. 

"What is our means?" was the next ques- 

"The word o-f God," was the response 
like the sound of many waters. 

"What is our purpose?" was the next 
inquiry from Mr. Pearce. 

And you should have heard the reply 
which came like a peal of thunder, ' ' We 
mean business. ' ' 

The Value of the Adult Class. 

The organized Bible class has had for us 
a value that is inestimable. It has proven 
itself a great factor in solving some of the 
most difficult and perplexing problems of 
the church and its work. As I have had to 
do with the young people and organized 
class work among them, I speak out of this 

There is nothing unusual in the situation 
here. It is a town of twenty -five hundred 
people and six churches. The Bible schools 
had very little hold upon the young people. 
The average attendance of the young peo- 
ple 's class in our school was seven, with an 
enrollment of twenty; other similar classes 
in town about the same. The dance hall and 
the pool room seemed the center of attrac- 
tion to many, while marked indifference to 
the church and its claims characterized oth- 
ers, the situation itself being but a tacit 
confession on the part of the church of its 

inability to direct the life of the y~"ng 

In view of these conditions. -+ 
teresting to any who are as j 
as to the value of organized Bibie ua x ' 
fort, to know what it has accomplished for 
us. We have at present 150 active members 
in our organized Bible class, and they are 
the very best young people in the communi- 
ty. The average attendance is 100 each 
Sunday, 75 per cent of which also attend 
one or other of the church services. The 
class grows steadily. The older boy or girl 
brings the younger and helps to build up 
other classes. Accessions to the church are 
frequent. One hundred and one of the num- 
ber are now Christians and members of the 
church. The class gives us a tremendous 
leverage in the community. We find an in- 
troduction to, and are brought into sympa- 
thetic contact with, many homes otherwise 
closed. We have the prayers of many anx- 
ious hearts who are concerned for those 
boys and girls. Such an organization be- 
comes almost irresistible when directed to 
given ends. My class added at least $500 
to the physical value of the church last year 
in building their own class parlors, when 
their former room became too small, 
sider the moral and spiritual influenct 
great band of young people. ' ' organized 
around the Bible " in a town of this size, 
and you get an estimate of what this or- 
ganization means to the church and pastor. 

To take this life out of its old channels 
of indifference and apathy, and command it 
for the King; to organize and direct it to 
the glory of God and the upbuilding of his 
church fills the heart with joy and satisfac- 
tion. 1'. M Fie.d. 

Geneva, Ohio. 

A Delta Alpha Class. 
What is now known as the Delta Alpha 
Class of the First Christian Church. At- 
lanta, Ga., was originally Class Xo. 7 In 
the beginning, probably in the year 1901, 
there were two young women in the class 
and others joined from time to time until 
at the end of the year the total member- 
ship was probably ten or twelve. We 
continued to grow steadily but moderately 
up to the time of our class organization 
on October 9, 1901, and at that time we 
had present 23 and a total membership of 
45. The record of our progress would be 
fobout as follows: 




(October) 45 

(December) 73 

(December) 144 

(December) 220 fc 

1908 (April) 330 

In our present total membership we in- 
clude those who have been members of the 
class and for various reasons are no longer 
active members and are now entered as 
honorary members. There are now 75 on 
this list, leaving 255 active members. 

On July 2S, we moved into a new and 
very commodious church building where 
we have had favorable opportunities for 
growth and usefulness. Before this time 
we had no Sunday-school room and ~ n 
laboring under serious difficulties, w 
it was almost impossible to do good vork 
or make much progress. We are now a 
well-organized force of Christian workers 
and are trying to do all we can for the 
church, the Sunday-school and the cause 
of Christ generally. F. M. Eobinson. 

Atlanta, Ga, 

and m; 
had it 


" issot 

A collection of 120 from the Old Testament and 120 from the New Testament 
Size 5x6 and beautifully colored. Each collection in a convenient portfolio. 


And having made special arrangements with the publishers, we are in position 
to suppiy them at the remarkably low price of 


Upon receipt of $1.00 we will send by mail, postpaid, either the 
Old Testament or New Testament collection,— the selection to be made 
by the purchaser. 


We will send these pictures to subscribers to "The Christian-Evangelist" 



1. A portfolio containing the full collection of 120 
pictures, either Old Testament or New Testament studies, 
free of charge, postpaid, to any subscriber to "The 
Christian Evangelist " who sends us $3.00 to apply on his 
or her subscription. Besides sending the portfolio free of 
charge, postpaid, we shall credit the subscriber the full 
amount, $3.00, to pay the subscription for a period of two 
years. This offer applies to subscribers who are m ar- 
rears or to those who are paid up and wish to pay that 
much in advance, from the date to which their subscrip- 
tions are now paid. 

2. The same offer as above to any subscriber who 
sends in $3.00 — one-half of this amount to apply on his 
or her own subscription, and one-half for a new subscriber 
for one year. 

? A portfolio containing a collection of 48 pictures, 
either Old Testament or New Testament studies, free of 
charge, postpaid, to any subscriber to "The Christian- 
Evangelist" who sends us $1.50 to apply on his or her 
subscription. Besides sending the portfolio free of cnargc, 
postpaid, we shall credit the subscriber the full $1.50, to 
pay the subscription for a period of one year. This offer 
applies to subscribers who are in arrears, or to those who 

are paid up and wish to pay that much in advance, from 
the date to which their subscriptions are paid. 

4. A portfolio containing a collection of 48 pictures, 
either Old Testament or New Testament studies, free of 
charge, postpaid, to any NEW subscriber to "The Chris- 
tian-Evangelist" sending us $1.50 for one year's subscrip- 

5. A portfolio containing a collection of 48 pictures, 
either Old Testament or New Testament studies, free of 
charge, postpaid, to any of our present subscribers who 
send us a new subscriber under the terms set forth i* 
the preceding paragraph (No. 4). That is, we will send 
a portfolio containing 48 pictures to the new subscriber, 
and also a portfolio containing 48 pictures to the old sub- 
scriber sending ns the new subscription. 

6. A portfolio containing full collection of 120 pic 
tures, either Old Testament or New Testament studies, 
free of charge, postpaid, to any subscriber to ' ' The 
Christian-Evangelist" who sends us two new subscrip- 
tions, accompanied by $3.00 to pay for same for one year 
in advance. To each of the new subscribers we will send 
a collection of ,48 pictures of either Old Testament or New 
Testament studies. 


. Two portfolios, one containing the full collection of 120 pictures of Old Testament studies, and one collection 

taining 120 pictures of New Testament studies, both f i ee of charge and postpaid, to any subscriber to "The C -is- 

tian-Evangelist" who sends us three new subscriptions, accompanied by $4.50, to pay for iht same for one year in 

advance. To each of the new subscribers we will send a collection of 48 pictures of either Old or New Testament 


We reserve the right to withdraw this offer at any time, without notice. 





July 2, 1908. 

A Protest. 

To the Editor of The Christian-Evangelist: 

As an evangelist of the Christian Church, 
I wish to enter my protest against the ar- 
ticle by Earl Marion Todd, on ' ' Evangel- 
ism for the Times, ' ' recently published in 
The Christian-Evangelist. Other evan- 
gelists are capable of speaking for them- 
selves, and may do so; but, as for me, I do 
not purpose to allow such an uncalled-for 
and unjust criticism to go by unnoticed. I 
am surprised that such an article found 
space in one of our religious papers. It 
would be scarcely permissible in a Monday 
morning pastor's meeting where the faults 
of pastors and evangelists might be dis- 
cussed with some degree of profit. But to 
offer such an absurd thing to a " Congress 
of Disciples ' ' and then publish it broad- 
cast to be read by hundreds of unsuspecting 
people, is more than I can harmonize with 
good judgment. Even if the writer was 
requested by the program committee to be 
' ' critical, ' ' he should nave confined himself 
more closely to facts, and not have built up 
a mere man of straw in order to have some- 
thing to knock down with his criticism. 
Such articles do much more harm tnan good, 
and many people will be unduly prejudiced 
against good evangelists. If the author 
knows of even one evangelist who is guilty 
of the faults he criticises, he should name 
him out, and let the churches be warned 
against his impositions. Evangelists, like 
other preachers, are not perfect, but these 
criticisms are too indiscriminate, and the 
many good evangelists, are made to suffer 
instead of the few bad ones. It is a gen- 
eral onslaught against evangelism. 

They are spoken of as "uncultured," 
"dogmatic," "superficial," "dealing with 
dead issues, " " ill-informed in matters of 
church history and contemporary science," 
' '. often wholly neglectful of intellectualism 
on the one hand and true emotionalism ou 
the other ; " " reliant on evangelistic clap- 
trap and machine methods." They are said 
to have a ' ' feverish desire to get results,, ' ' 
"make records," and "ran to send on tele- 
graphic reports. ' ' With them ' ' prayer has 
often the smallest place in the meeting, and 
is often almost wholly neglected by the 
evangelists in private life and visitation. ' ' 
They are classed by this distinguished writer 
as men of brass and bluff, rather than men 
of brains and heart. ' ' They are accused of 
' ' commercializing the evangelistic profes- 
sion. ' ' Whilst these are mentioned as ' ' not- 
able exceptions," yet he received these crit- 
icisms from ' ' a large number of our most 
prominent pastors," who are supposed to 
secure the very best evangelists when they 
have revival meetings. "His sermons are 
a mere hodgepodge of wild and reckless and 
ignorant speculation and mossback conser- 
vatism, adorned with historical sketches in 
caricature, punctured with coarse jokes and 
enlivened by quixotic attacks on sectarian- 
ism, higher criticism and Darwinism, and, 
if the church be not more than ordinarily 
strong, must lower almost irremediably the 
ideals of Christian life and service in the 
congregation, and completely destroy the 
laborious and painstaking work of the con- 
scientious pastor." Such a tirade is sim- 
ply ridiculous, and a reflection on evangel- 
ists that the writer should be good enough 
to retract. I know most of our evangelists 
personally, but I do not know of a single 
one that is guilty of even a few of the 
faults here criticized. I suppose, however, 
that we will all plead guilty to the charge 
of discussing ' ' dead issues. ' ' if he means 
by that Christ's plan of salvation as set 
forth in the New Testament. I have known 
a few "conscientious pastors" that did not 
care to have these "dead issues" mentioned, 
for fear some of "the other denominations" 
might take offense at it. We will also plead 
guilty to trying to "count numbers," 
Jesus wants us to convert the whole world, 
and the evangelist that can not lead souls 
to Christ is a failure, and should on it the 
field at once. The churches and pastors are 
right in calling evangelists who can " o-et 
additions," but they are wrong in not try- 
ing to feed and care for (lie lambs that are 



A history of Pardon, the evidence of Pardon and the Church as an Organization. 
Scriptural Discussion of Church Fellowship and Communion. THE BtST 
EVANGELISTIC BOOK. "No Other Book Covers the Same Ground." 
Funk & Wagnalls Company, Publishers, New York and London, Cloth 
'j)? Binding, Price S1.00 Postpaid. Write J. A. Joyce, Selling Agent, 209 
Biesell Block, Pittsburg, for special rates to Preachers and Churches, 

For sale by Christian Publishing Company, St. Louis. 

born into the fold, and blame the evangel- 
ist for doing for them what they call him 
to do. We may be considered ' ' ignorant, ' ' 
but we evangelists do believe the Book, 
and preach Christ and His plan of salvation, 
instead of Darwinism and higher criticism. 
After the "laborious work" of the "con- 
scientious pastor," who has been feeding 
his flock on ' ' live issues, ' ' until it is about 
dead, he then usually sends for one of these 
• ' ignorant, " " uncultured, ' ' " ill-inf orired ' ' 
evangelists to come and raise him and his 
dead church to spiritual life, and use his 
"clap-trap," "machine methods" to set 
every department of the church in active 
working order. 

Let this criticism of evangelists and their 
methods cease. Perhaps their peculiar meth- 
ods are the secret of their power. Do not 
rob them of it. Let the evangelist do the 
work the way he can do it best. As a class 
they are among the most spiritual men I 
know, and they are doing the work that 
only a few pastors can do. The life of the 
evangelist is short because his work is ardu- 
ous and heavy. Do not try to kill him too 
soon. Eoger H. Fife. 

Kansas City, Mo. 

[It is highly confirmatory of the truth of 
some of Brother Todd's criticisms, that a 
heated "protest" like the above is allowed 
to take the place of calm, rational arguments 
or statements dealing specifically with some 
of these criticisms. It is charged or im- 
plied, for instance, in Brother Todd's paper, 
that commercial considerations sometimes 
enter too prominently into the work of pop- 
ular evangelism. Is there any ground for 
that statement — any exceptional instance of 
that kind? It is charged that some evan- 
gelists discuss "dead issues," and do not 
adapt their preaching to present-day con- 
ditions, which keep men out of the Church. 
Is Brother Fife prepared to ' ' protest ' ' that 
there is no such preaching by any of our 
evangelists? Again it is said that evangel- 
ists sometimes deal in jokes that do not har- 
monize with the spirit of an evangelistic 
service. Did Brother Fife never hear any- 
thing of this kind? He may say he does 
not indulge in such jokes, but does he know 
that all others are guiltless? This is what 
we mean by being specific. 

It is easy to call these criticisms "ridicu- 
lous, ' ' but that convinces no one. The 
people want facts. Brother Fife knows, too, 
or should know, that no criticism of Brother 
Todd is intended against the evangelists 
for believing in "the Book" and teaching 
' ' the New Testament plan of salvation. ' ' 
Indeed, his contention is that all our evan- 
gelists do not give the same prominence to 
prayer, to the work of the Holy Spirit, to 
salvation by grace, through faith, and not 
by the works of the law, and to the nature 
and necessity of repentance which the New 
Testament gives to these things? Does 
Brother Fife know that all our evangelists 
do this? Unless he does, he has no right 
to "protest" in behalf of others. 

Brother Fife questions the "good judg- 
ment" of the Editor in publishing Broth- 
er's Todd's paper. He may know better 
than we what ought to be published. We 
do not propose to discuss that question. But 
it seemed to us and to other brethren who 
heard it. that such a. public document should 
ue given to a wider public, that its merits 
might be tested in the crucible of fair and 
just criticism. Is it to have such treat- 
ment .' Tf not. silence would be better than 
denunciation. — Editor. 1 


Advertisements will be received under this head 
at the rate of two cents a word each insertion, 
all words, laree or small, to be counted and two 
initials being counted as a word. Advertisements 
must be accompanied by remittances to save book- 

Business Opportunities. 

GULF COAST.— If persons wanting reliable in- 
formation about the gulf coast country of Texas 
will write to me, enclosing stamp, I will gladly 
answer. Edwin D. Hamner, pastor Christian 
Church, Bay City, Texas. 

Church Supplies, Etc. 

HAS IT for less. All church and Bible school 
supplies. Get catalogue L- American Black- 
board Company, 810 Olive st., St. Louis, Mo. 

Evangelist sand Ministers.. 

GEO. L. SNIVELY, 773 Aubert Ave., St. Louis, 
general evangelist, dedicator, pulpit supply. 

I AM HEADY to make engagements for meetings 
this fall and winter. Will join evangelist for 
permanent work. Frank E. Meharry, singer, 
111 East Main St., Danville, 111. References: 
Jesse Van Camp (with Scoville), M. B. Ains- 
worth, minister, Danville, 111. 

PASTOR WANTED.— Population 6.000, church 
membership 250. New Church just completed, 
cost $15,000.00. seating capacity 800. Willing 
to pay $1,000.00 year and parsonage free for the 
right kind of man. Must be up-to-date and 
progressive in every respect. Married man pre- 
ferred. J. A. Morgan, Paragould, Ark. 

Musical Instruments. 

ORGANS. — If you require an organ for church, 
school, or home, write Hin t neps Organ- Com- 
pany. Pekin, Illinois, who build Pipe Organs 
and Reed Organs of highest grade and sell 
direct from factory, saving you agent's profit. 

Positions Wanted. 

WANTED — A position as housekeeper by a 
young Christian mother in a country home. 
Has two bright boys, aged 7 and 9 yeais, re- 
spectively. Mother is ambitious to raise them 
under Christian influence. The boys would be 
quite helpful on a farm. For further partic- 
ulars address Samaritan, 3'1 I. O. O. F. 
Building, Danville, 111. 

Real Estate. 

COLONY — in Canada, where forty bushels cf 
wheat will grow on fifteen-dollar land? For 
full particulars write The Christian Union, Des 
Moines, la. 

Schools and Colleges. 

SEND for catalog of Christian University, Can- 
ton, Mo. Departments — Preparatory, Classical, 
Scientific, Biblical, Commercial and Music. For 
ladies and gentlemen. Address Prcs. Carl 
Tohann, Canton. Mo. 

CENTS pins :? 1-2 hours a week pays for all 
the privileges of an up-to-date school. _ Cataloffiie 
free. Address School of 
Kimberlin Heights, Tenn. 

the Evangelists, 


OLIVER TYPEWRITER. — Good as ne\v ; Abso- 
lutelv first-class order. Bargain price. C. care 
of Christian-Evangelist. 

Send for our Catalogue. 

Christian Publishing Company, 

St. Louis. Mo. 





15he Home Department 


Be careful not to break them, 
And bite them you must not, 

For if you do it's no excuse 
To say that you forgot. 

Go straight away to mother, 

If nails are long or rough, 
Then she will take the scissors out 

And cut them just enough. 

It doesn't hurt to cut them, 

Yet children often cry 
When mother fixes finger nails — 

I wish they'd tell me why. 

* Woodlots in Japan. 

In these times of great drains on the tim- 
ber supply, caus:d by the heavy demand for 
forest 'products of all kinds, Americans 
may see in Japan an example of what can 
be done in growing wood on small plots. 
That country contains 21 million woodlots, 
about three-fourths of which belong to pri- 
vate persons and one-fourth to communes. 
The average size of the plots is less than 
nine-tenths of an acre. They usually oc- 
cupy the steepest, roughest, poorest ground. 
In this way land is put to use which would 
otherwise go to waste, and if unwooded 
would lose its soil by the wash of the dash- 
ing rains. Prom Japan 's woodlots, the year- 
ly yield of lumber is about eighty-eight feet, 
board measure, per acre, and three-fourths 
of a cord of hrewood. In many cases the 
yield is much higher. More than half a bil- 
lion trees are planted yearly to make up 
what is cut for lumber and fuel. 

"You have three pairs of glasses, pro- 
fessor?" "Yes; I use one to read with, 
one to see at a distance, and the third to 
find the other two. ' ' — Christian Work and 

Household Pests. 
Cupboards and closats can sometimes be 
rid of mice by stopping up the holes where 
they come in with corks dipped in carbolic 
acid; but if you want to keep out the pests, 
you must keep the house and surroundings 
clean, well-aired and dry. During the win- 
ter season tne cockroach, or water-bug, is 
apt to put in an appearance, and if they 
can fina plenty of moisture, couplea with 
darkness and warmth, they are content. 
These conditions exist especially around 
sinks, bath-tubs and in cupboards that are 
not carefully dried after cleaning, and it 
is wise not to keep kitchen garbage, wet 
cleaning-cloths or dishcloths in the Kitchen. 
A good way to get rid of the large black 
ants is to mix half a teaspoonful of tartar 
emetic with sweetened water and place it 
where they will find it. The woodwork of 
kitchen closets and cupboards, as well as 
that around inclosed sinks, harbo: s 
roaches. Wash the shelves at least once a 
week with gasoline and water, about equal 
proportions, letting it run into every crack 
and crevice; then, when this has dried, 
sprinkle powdered borax around freely and 
blow it into the cracks and crevices in the 
walls and behind shelves. Some house- 
keepers sprinkle equal parts of ground pep- 
per and borax in the places they infest, and 
to prevent moth from getting into carpets 
sprinkle with equal parts of borax and salt. 
Even if you dislike seeing the powder about, 
do not wipe off or sweep away; it is cleaner 
than bugs, especially the roaches, as they 
epoil whatever they come in contact with. 
It is said that this is due partly to their 
excrement, but more largely to a dark-brown 
liquid which is exuded from their mouths 
and from certain glands about the body; 

so it is a wise plan to take every precaution 
to destroy and get rid of these household 

Missionaries Go to Lapland. 
Several woman missionaries have started 
for Lapland to hunt up nomadic tribes dur- 
ing the summer and to preach to the adults 
and teach the young. In the warm season 
the camps of the Laplanders are often hun- 
dreds of miles apart, and travel in the des- 
ert is full of dangers, particularly for wo- 
men. Yet male missionaries have never re- 
ported for duty in these high northern lati- 
tudes, and so the women go. 

Insane Blame Alcohol. 

The annual report of Superintendent At- 
kins of the St. Louis City Insane Asylum 
declares that of about 950 patients cared 
for during the fiscal year, alcohol liquor 
or drugs figured in 696 cases. Of that num- 
ber, 217 males and 100 females were bur- 
dened with excessive personal or ancestral 
use of alcohol, while 203 other males and 
110 other females were victims of moderate 
personal or ancestral use of it. Excessive 
or moderate drinkers numbered 128, of which 
'S6 were women. The fathers of 127 more 
were excessive or moderate drinkers. The 
total number of insane patients whose in- 
sanity was traced to excessive or moderate 
use of alcohol numbered 420 males and 210 
females, or 630 in all. Sixty- six owed their 
insanity to personal or ancestral use of 

The report show's the average number of 
patients in the asylum to have Deen 637, 
and the cost per patient $162.18 a year, or 
44.3 cents a day. New patients numbered 
303. The total annual expenses aggregated 
$108,402.40, of which $5,403 was special and 
not, included in the maintenance expense. 
Salaries aggregated $38,345.40 and groceries 

Dr. Osier is of the opinion that half the 
nervous wrecks are caused by eating soup. 
The other half, we presume, are caused by 
being pushed into it. — Washington Post. 

Eat Less — Live Happier. 

Dr. W. A. Evans, health commissioner for 
Chicago, gave a talk to the Presbyterian 
ministers of the city on eating and drink- 
ing. Like most advisers on this subject, 
Dr. Evans "thinks that people eat too much, 
especially in the summer, and they could 
save money and health by eating less. How 
much and what the health commissioner him- 
self eats we do not know; but he makes the 
following prescription for Presbyterians and 
other people: 

Breakfast — Berries or some fruit, a ce- 
real, coffee or tea. 

Luncheon — Boiled rice, bread and butter, 
more fruit. 

Dinner — Thin soup, one slice of meat, 
two vegetables, more fruit. 

' ' The largest part of meat eaten goes to- 
ward heating the body, ' ' said Dr. Evans, 
' ' therefore meat should never be taken of t- 
ener than once a day in warm weather. Peo- 
ple who live in warm countries live largely 
on fruits, vegetables and rice, and in hot 
weather people of all countries can dupli- 
cate this diet to their own advantage. ' ' 


"Practically everybody eats too much at 
all times. We manage to get along more 

** »-«>*«»♦»>»» *-+-»-»-■» 

or less comfortably in winter, but our eat- 
ing makes us uncomfortable in summer. If 
the average man would cut his food 
in half in warm weather he would be far 
letter off. 

"And -as for drinking, I think nearly 
everybody drinks too much. i)o not 
drink too much of anything, even water, in 
warm weather, or at any other time. The 
man who drinks to keep cool in summer is 
taking long chances. Drink as little of 
everything as possible and do not have the 
drinks too cold. 


' ' The most important thing of all, though, 
is the feeding of babies. Par more babies 
suffer and sicken from overfeeding than 
from insufficient nourishment. Too much 
milk is just as harmful as bad milk is." 

® @ 
A well-known minister was called to the 
telephone by a representative of a local pa- 
per, who inquired the subject of the next 
Sunday morning 's discourse. ' ' Wise as 
Serpents, Harmless as Doves, ' ' responded 
the clergyman. When the paper came out, 
the minister was electrified to read that 
"Mr. Blank will preach on the subject 'Why 
Is a Serpent as Harmless as a Dove?' " — 
The Congregationalist. 

There once was a person named Beauchamp, 
Who v, rote sermons and tried hard to preauchamp; 

But his voice had a crack, 

And he cried out, "Alack! 
Why can't shout loud enough to reauchamp?" 



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July 2, 1908. 


By S. 8. LAPPIIN. 

The Long Last Mile. 

The last long half of that undulating 
•tretch of road lay before us. Southwest- 
ern Missouri was a memory and Illinois a 
prospect, but that yellow stony road was a 
reality present and tangible. Our team, 
fresh from two weeks on pasture, was ready, 
even eager for the start. A little incident 
that might have ended in something more 
serious than the hearty laugh it gave us, 
served to impress this on our minds. Our 
young driver one day attempted to flick a 
fly from the rump of Old Dick, the spirited 
"blue pony;" not understanding the bene- 
volent motive of the boy, that vindicative 
beast promptly planted three vicious kicks 
on the front end-gate of the wagon, split- 
ting it in as many pieces. It so happened 
that the hoofs landed each time safely be- 
tween the pair of bare brown legs dangling 
down in front, but the full-moon eyes of 
the lad that scrambled back to safety were 
a sufficient guarantee that the experiment 
would not be repeated. Poor old Dick, be- 
fore we reached our journey's end he had 
not the spirit left to resent even greater 
indignities than that. 

Under the influence of the bright sun- 
shine and the open air of our out-door life 
the buoyant spirit of childhood began to 
assert itself anew. Not even my mother, 
with all her sorrow and anxiety, could wholly 
withstand the persistent call to brighter 
thoughts. Our story thus far, when inter- 
ested questioners drew it from us, failed 
not to rouse the hearty and genuine sym- 
pathy of the simple folk along the way. 
Often we were urged to stop and make our 
home among the hospitable people of some 
pleasant neighborhood. Various reasons 
were urged. One man whose wife had died 
leaving him a family of small children to 
care for, was specially insistent. One in- 
ducement he offered gave rise to some levity 
among us children behind the wagon cover. 
His wife, before her demise, had made two 
kegs of soft soap, ' ' Fustrate soap, ' ' he said, 
and one of these should be ours if we would 
but occupy a vacant log house not far from 
his own and do baking and mending for 
his family. But none of these things, not 
even the bonanza above mentioned, could 
move my mother from her determination to 
return to Illinois. 

We had not traveled far when we began 
to hear of another family in like state which 
was but a few days ahead of us. They, 
too, were bound for Illinois and, as in our 
own case, the father was under the pall of 
the incurable white plague. Our grave 
was behind and theirs ahead, that was all 
the difference; we hoped for their sakes that 
theirs might be so far ahead as not to be 
among strangers. There was but one main 
road leading from the southwest into St. 
Louis, and as we were both following that, 
we heard of them almost every day. The 
condition of the man grew more and more 
serious. All who had seen him said he was 
very, very ill and could not live many days. 
And so the end came at last. Though we 
were expecting it, we were shocked and de- 
pressed above measure when we found the 
grave one day. It was on a green bank in 
the woods near where the road crossed a 
small stream. We came upon it unexpected- 
ly — a little ridge of clay — and our own 
wound was opened anew by the sight. We 
wondered if the family had prepared their 
dead for burial and filled the grave with 
their own hands. If so, then in this, at 
least, their lot was harder than ours. When 
we lost the trail of their wagon soon after- 
ward, it seemed we had parted company 

with kin folks, though doubtless they never 
heard of us. 

It is a long and uneven road the heart- 
broken travel! They are so far apart and 
so burdened that, at times, each one thinks 
himself traveling alone. But other way- 
farers are always ahead and others ever 
follow. Could they but "speak each other 
in passing" it might be a brighter world 
than it is. There is but the wordless sym- 
pathy of unseeing sufferers; it is only 
through fellowship with him who suffered 
alone for us all and whose ministry has 
made of one blood all nations that the 
bruised heart of humanity can even come 
to throb as for one body. 

Somewhere, in Illinois perhaps, that fa- 
therless family ended their journey and a 
lone woman took up the task of caring for 
her orphaned brood. I should like to know 
how fared the folks we trailed so long on 
the return from our pilgrimage to the 
Ozarks and who, after we had tasted the 
gall of bitterness, took up the cup in turn 
and drank deeply from the other side. 

We lived almost wholly in the wagon day 
and night, taking care to stop not far from 
some village or farm house each evening. 
We could have been comfortably housed each 
night, no doubt, and often did the good peo- 
ple where we went for water to prepare 
our meals, chide us that we had not asked 
lodging with them. But this queer quality 
we call independence is a thing to be reck- 
oned with, and my mother had her share 
of it. Six years later when the ' ' bad year ' ' 
came in Southern Illinois, able-bodied men 
men who owned their homes asked aid from 
the county, but no crumb of assistance from 
that source was permitted to enter our house, 
though we tasted no wheat bread in the 
six months of distress. 

Somewhere southwest of St. Louis we 
passed through a settlement of foreign peo- 
ple — Germans, I think. They were new in 
America and clannish. During the three or 
four days we spent on their roads, we had 
to drink creek water chiefly, for they asked 
no favors and granted none. Whether from 
pure selfishness or native suspicion, they 
would not let us have water from their wells 
either for the team or to drink. One even- 
ing, when we had had no water since noon 

and had camped for the night with no pros- 
pect of drink for man or beast, two men 
traveling together stopped near us. They, 
too, had had trouble getting water and were 
in no mood to be trifled with. Learning 
that we had been denied at the house near- 
Dy, one of them called to my brother to 
bring the horses and a bucket. He led 
the way and asked courteously to oe al- 
lowed to water his team. This being curtly 
refused, he produced a large and danger- 
ous-looking pistol and coolly repeated his 
request. A key to the padlocked well was 
forthcoming, and there was water a plenty 
for that night. A few steps backward 
would bring me to German ancestors, and i 
have wondered if they had this trait of ex- 
clusiveness so well developed. Perhaps so, 
and therefore I will be charitable with our 
Missouri friends and cherish a hope that a 
younger generation has smashed the pad- 
locks ere this. 

Old Bover, the dog, was our faithful 
guard and vigilant scout for the entire ei- 
pedition, but he too fared sadly among the 
foreigners. They had big dogs and bad 
ones, so that visits to back doors, where a 
morsel of food might sometimes be found, 
had to be made with caution. Rover was 
not afraid; indeed, he vanquished several 
ferocious fellows who disputed his rights, 
but to tackle a fresh specimen at every 
house proved too much for our leg-weary 
canine; he learned to follow the wagon more 
closely, turning aside only when some ven- 
turesome rabbit seemed to promise a re- 

This great shaggy friend, who had volun- 
tarily espoused our cause, and who deserted 
us within two weeks after we were settled, 
proved a friend indeed. We had little to 
give him for his faithfulness, but that 
seemed to make no difference with -un. 1 
smile now as 1 think of an incident in which 
he had a prominent part one evening. We 
were preparing to eat a lunch in the wagon 
and my mother placed her hand, in which 
she held a long loaf of bread, on the edge 
of the wagon bed. Rover, lying on the 
ground below, caught sight of the protrud- 
ing loaf and laid hold with all earnestness. 
Of course, we scolded and threatened, but 
a taste of the bread seemed to deepen his 
determination to dine with us and he held 
on. Right doggedly did he pull and tug in 
spite of harsh protests from the wagon, and 
members of the juvenile trio looked on with 
anxiety and amusement till the loar was 
torn asunder, leaving us a scant supply for 
our meal. But the look of satisfaction that 

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July 2, 1908. 



shown from the dog's countenance as he 
licked his cnops, with the hearty laugh we 
■had, was splendid sauce for what was left. 
Among the dreads and dangers of the 
trip, our passage through St. Louis was the 
•direst of tnem all. For many days we made 
■ careful inquiry as to every detail. As we 
came closer, evidences of the nearness of a 
great center of population began to be seen, 
like bits of drift cast out into still water 
by the force of a whirl-pool. The rigs we 
met were of a different type and the loads 
■of teamsters were not such as farmers usu- 
ally haul, while the people themselves were 
smore of a ring-streaked and striped appear- 
ance. We had been told by many that it 
•was ' ' ten miles through St. Louis, ' ' and 
this appalling intelligence staggered minds 
■to which Springfield was the climax to big- 

Not many miles from the city we camped 
<by the turn-pike one evening. We wanted 
to be fresh for the trying trip of the fol- 
lowing day, but we dreaded to come nearer 
the, to us, fearful maelstrom of dangers, 
.and so we went into camp early. Lulled by 
■the sense of security so easy to children, 
•we were soon sleeping soundly except my 
mother. Her sensitive ears missed no sound 
and when, in the middle of the night a 
(horseman rode up, she had been listening 
to his hoofbeats on the stony road for miles. 
He drew rein by our wagon and began to 
ihello at us. Though terrified and trembling, 
my mother managed to ask him what was 
wanted,- shaking her eldest son into con- 
sciousness meanwhile. A scattered conver- 
sation of questions and answers ensued 
while the boy was being roused, and our 
visitor showed a disposition to loiter and 
.give trouble. Presently my mother hit up- 
on a happy stratagem. She let down the 
flap of the wagon-cover she had raised, and 
•called out, "George! George! wake up here 
and answer this fellow 's questions for him. ' ' 
The name would fit for a man as well as 
a boy, and the broom-stick that was thrust 
out about this time was a good enough 
substitute for a rifle barrel when seen in 
the dim moonlight. At this psychologic 
moment Old Rover, on guard under the 
wagon as usual, let off a groan that would 
have done credit to a grizzly, and our friend 
of the horse lost no time in moving on. Of 
all this I knew nothing, else I too might 
have distinguished myself. When they 
pulled me out of the wagon over the double- 
trees I dimly felt that something unusual 
was on; the impression deepened as we 
went straggling up the few rods of road 
to a farmhouse and when I awoke the next 
morning to find myself within the four 
walls of a house I was thoroughly convinced 
of it. The good woman who received us 
with astonishment wept over my mother 
when she heard the story of her fright and 
petted and pampered us children as only a 
good woman will do when her emotions are 

We were off early the day we were to 
move on the great city. How far it seemed 
to the real town after we got to where the 
houses were close together! How our eyes 
opened wider and wider as each new won- 
der appeared! How our mother trembled 
at the prospect of things that might happen 
to us! How our driver watched his mustang 
team as he guided them among street cars 
and vehicles and along the crowded thor- 
oughfares! But straight through the great 
«ity and across the long bridge into Illinois 
we went without a single mishap, going from 
our course but once and then by but a single 
block, so well had the way been learned be- 

I have seen St. Louis a good many times 
■since then and on some gala occasions. I 
reveled in the marvels and beheld the crowds 
at the great World's Fair. But one never 
sees the miracle of a great city through the 
untaught eyes of childhood a second time. 
The- bewilderment of attractions on every 
»ide, in the windows above and on the pave- 

ment below, the multiplicity of sights and 
sounds and smells fairly foundered our 
senses and furnished food for fervid re- 
membrance during many a day that fol- 
lowed. I have seen many wonderful feats 
performed and been glad at times to add 
my note of applause to the huzzas of the 
crowd at exceptional displays of skill, but, 
all things considered, I do not know of one 
more wonderful than that of my elder broth- 
er who brought that team of mustangs and 
our ramshackle wagon through those miles 
of crowded streets, picked his way across 
the great bridge and landed his cargo safely 
on the Illinois side when he was barely 
turning thirteen. And this, too, is as it 
seems to me after thirty years. 

Koads were better on the Illinois side and 
we made better time. A few days' travel 
brought us to that section of the country 
from which, one day six long years ago, 
we had gone forth in quest of a home. Just 
now as I write there comes to me the words 
of a woman of old returning to her kindred 
from a sad sojourn in the land of Moab. 
As never before I can feel the force of her 
lament, "Call me not Naomi" (that is 
pleasant), "but call me Mara" (that is 
bitter), "for the Almighty hath dealt bit- 
terly with me. ' ' Human life is the best 
interpreter of the sacred scriptures. 

One evening our tired horses were turned 
into a little lane with persimmon trees on 
either side. At the end there was a home- 
like farmhouse with a great Honey-locust 

in front. It was Uucle David's, and when 
we drew up on the chipyard by the gate our 
journey was ended. A great fat, good-na- 
tured woman who scolded incessantly but 
kindly and coaxingly came out to greet us, 
and a serious-looking man came in from the 
fields for a glimpse at this natch of bat- 
tered flotsam cast up at his door by the ebb 
tide of immigration. 

Uncle David! x speak the title with 
deference now. He was a poor man, though 
he seemed rich to us, for he owned a farm. 
But it was a rather poor farm in a rather 
poor township of a rather poor county of 
a rather poor part of Illinois. But, though 
he was a poor man, measured by his pos- 
sessions, he was a man, and such a man as 
we find but two or three times in our three 
score years and ten. Politically he was a 
Democrat, fraternally a Free Mason, reli- 
giously a Universalist and socially the last 
court of appeal for the whole community. 
Uncle David! Gone from the earth these 
years, may the good Father of ui all be 
kind to him where he is, for we were home- 
less and helpless in a world that knew not 
nor cared and he took us in. 


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St. Louis, Mo. 



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July 2. 1908. 

How the Minister's Cause Was Won 

By Susan Hubbard Martin. 

The congregation at Holland Center used 
many times to wish that they might get 
some minister who would please Matthew 
Fairbanks, but somehow none could ever 
be found. According to Matthew Fair- 
banks's ideas, they preached either too long 
or too short, visited too much or too lit- 
tle, were too much educated or else were 
not educated enough, were too narrow or 
too broad, and so on. And expressing his 
opinion as he did, freely and at all times, 
and being the successful man of business 
he was, he soon found followers. And 
somehow there was never good pastoral 
work done in that congregation at Holland 

The minister seemed to feel the chilli- 
ness of unfriendly eyes, and his sermons 
in some way fell to the ground. There be- 
ing no one there to hold up his hands, he 
felt his helplessness. So, little by little, 
owing to Matthew Fairbanks, the critical 
feeling grew until each minister cut short 
his pastorate there with but small regret. 
The congregation dwindled more and more 
as time went on, and friction arose between 
the members. 

"I'm sure I don't know what in the world 
is the matter with us," spoke up Mrs. Col- 
lier at prayer-meeting one evening. "Our 
members are growing fewer and fewer, 
the young people don't like to come, and 
even the people outside are beginning to 
regard us with suspicion. We have good 
members. Why is it?" 

There was no minister present that even- 
ing, and. this was a prayer-meeting just by 
themselves, but no one answered the ques- 
tion, and the little woman sat down. But 
the reason of the condition of that church 
at Holland Center was due solely to one 
man, Matthew Fairbanks, who, on account 
of his criticising, uncharitable, unjust, un- 
christian manner of talking, had brought 
things to jusf such an unhappy pass. The 
last minister had resigned and gone away, 
and a new one had taken his place. He 
was a clean-faced, ruddy young man, with 
frank eyes, and a decided, businesslike 

"Well, Matthew," asked old Caleb Pow- 
ers, standing outside of his carpenter-shop 
one morning, as Matthew Fairbanks passed 
by, "I hear you've got a new minister. Like 
him ?" 

Matthew stopped. "No, I don't," he re- 
plied, testily. "Thinks just because he's 
out of college he knows it all. He's gone 
and done away with the old hymn-books 
we've used for over twenty years, and got 
new ones." 

"Maybe they're better than the old ones," 
mildly suggested - Caleb, but Matthew 

"Instead of preaching Sunday nights, as 
he ought to, he's begun a series of lectures, 
too," went on Matthew, sternly. 

"Guess he thinks you've been preached 
to enough," remarked Caleb, with a laugh. 
"I myself can't see that you're any the bet- 
ter for it. What you need," he added, with 
a shrewd look on his face, "is some one to 
get you out of the rut. You've had your 
way ; let the new minister have his." 

But Matthew deigned no reply, and went 
on his way. Old Caleb looked after him 

"There ain't a preacher in the whole of 
Christendom that could please that man," 
he said to himself. "A pity, too; Matthew 
Fairbanks lias the makin' of a fine char- 
acter, but that fault-findin', criticism' way 
of his would kill any church on earth. I've 
always said," continued the old man, "if 
a church-member sees everything wrong 
under the sun in his own church, he'd bet- 

ter, for that church's good, be out of it." 

Just about that time Matthew Fairbanks' 
only child fell sick. It seemed a trifling ail- 
ment at first, but as days passed, the slight 
cold developed into pneumonia. He had 
married late in life, and this little child, his 
only son, was the dearest object of his life. 
He was a sweet little boy of seven, with 
big brown eyes, a rosy mouth, and dimpled 
cheeks. How his father loved him ! How 
he hung over him in speechless grief, as 
he grew no better ! 

"Matthew, you must rest," his wife would 
tell him, but none of her entreaties could 
move him from that little white bed. 

"He has only a chance," the doctor finally 

Matthew Fairbanks looked up. "I knew 
it!" he cried. "He will die!" 

That afternoon the minister called. He 
had begged to be allowed to go up for only 
a minute. 

Matthew sat by his child's bed, his eves 
sunken, his face white. He scarcely looked 
up at his visitor. 

The little boy lay flushed and worn 
among the pillows, his breath short. The 
minister took a seat by him. 

"Well, Jamie,'' he began cheerily, taking 
up the little, wasted hand, "you're pretty 
sick, aren't you ?— but see here,' my boy. My 
wife and I have been thinking what would 
make you better,, and finally we hit on this." 
He took up a package as he spoke, and 
opened it. 

The child looked at it with interest. He 
had roused a little. 

"It's a game, Jamie," explained the min- 
ister^ "and it's called 'The Merry Men of 
War.' See, here are the soldiers, and you 
set them on this board on these pegs. At 
the end of the board opposite the men, is 
a little spring. Now you take this big mar- 
ble and see if you can hit it. If you can, 
down goes your man — like this." " With a 
dexterous move of his wrist he took a 
marble, touched the spring, and quick as 
a wink, over toppled the tall soldier. 

Jamie laughed — even laughed. He 
reached out to take one of the fascinating 
men of war, but he was too weak. 

"Papa," he said feebly, turning to his 
father, "come and see them. Will you play 
them with me?" 

"Yes, my boy, yes," replied Mr Fair- 
banks, huskily. 

Jamie was worse that night, but he bab- 
bled of the toy soldiers, and how he was 
going to play with them when he got well. 

As morning dawned, it seemed that the 
frail life must go out, but some little thread 
held him to life. 

"It seems to be a mere matter of will 
power," spoke up the doctor, as restora- 
tives were administered. "He's clinging to 

And then Matthew Fairbanks thought of 
the toy soldiers, "The Merry Men of 
War," that Jamie and he were "to play to- 
gether when lie grew better, and how," too, 
the minister had done his best to impress 
the child with the thought that thev would 
make him better. 

"He's Hying so he can play that game," 
thought the father. 

Jamie did not die, but slowly and surely 
came back to life and during his convales- 
cence "The Merry Men of War" were never 
off lu's coverlet except as his bed was made. 
He played with them at morning, he played 
with them at night, he played" with them 
at all times. 

One day while Jamie slept, with a sol- 
dier clasped in the frail hand, Matthew 
Fairbanks fell on his knees and asked the 
pardon of his heavenly Father. The scales 

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had fallen from his eyes, and he saw him- 
self as he really was, the one cause of all 
the discord in the Holland Center Church, 
from which so many bitter springs had 

"I'll never, dear Father," he prayed, 
"never so long as I have life, speak one 
word against thy messengers again. O 
Lord, I've been wicked; I've been bitter; 
I've been censorious. And thou hast heaped 
coals of fire upon my head. When the min- 
ister brought my child that game it came 
to me : Would I have done the same in his 
case? He knew the unkind things I had 
said of him. He knew the seeds of strife 
I had sown, but he came, Lord, he came 
— came into the enemy's house because he 
had thy Spirit." 

And down there by Jamie's bed as he 
wept and prayed, it seemed to him that, 
for the first time in his life, he felt the 
full sunshine of his Father's love. A new 
Matthew Fairbanks got up from his knees 
by that bed and went about his business. 
The first thing he did was to go to the 
minister, and, with tears in his eyes, ask 
his forgiveness. 

"No matter what others attribute Jamie's 
recovery to," he said, brokenly, "I know — 
I feel sure — it was owing to you. And 
God revealed to me by that gracious act 
my own wrong-doing. Can you forgive 
me ?" 

The minister wrung his hand. There 
were tears in his e3*es, too. "Praise the 
Lord,"' he said, brokenly. "Take ye away 
the stone. I've been praying for that, and 
he has." 

The church at Holland Center grows 
now, the minister stays, and the right feel- 
ing prevails ; and Matthew Fairbanks no 
longer finds fault, but is the minister's right 
hand in everything, and especially in all 
good works. 

And why? — Because by a single loving 
act toward a little sick child that minister, 
through God, wrought — shall I say i: ? — al- 
most a miracle. — Advent Review and Sab- 
bath Herald. 

Send for our Catalogue. 

Christian Publishing Company, 

St. Louis, Mo. 





Tvro Cents per word, per insertion. 

July 2, 1908. 



For Mother. 

I give my mother lots of kisses, 
There's really never one she misses: 
A "wake-up kiss" right in the morning, 
A "good-night kiss" when I've been bad, 
A "sorry kiss" when I've been bad, 
A "happy kiss" when I am glad. 

Once she was sick; I went to stay 

At Aunty's house, oh, miles away! 

Then I sent kisses in a letter, 

She said they truly made her better. 

There's never really one she misses, 

Oh, I give mother lots of kisses! 

— A. V. L. Carrick, in Youth's Companion. 

The Kidnapping of Araminta Amelia. 

By Effie Stevens. 

Patty walked slowly down the front walk 
with Araminta Ametia, carefully wrapped 
up in grandma's gray knit shawl, in her 

Araminta Amelia was just recovering 
from an attack of measles, and one could not 
be too careful, Patty thought. 

ITaually Araminta Amelia indulged in the 
mumps — the measles were something new 
in her somewiiat varied experience of dis- 

When Patty reached the big maple tree 
next to the street, she placed Araminta 
Amelia upon the bench that was built 
around its trunk. 

1 ' The sun is considered good for sick peo- 
ple, " Patty said to heiself, unconsciously 
imitating Aunt Kate's decided tones. 

Then Patty ran over to the other side of 
the yard to see how her nower garden was 
growing. Alas! it was not growing very 
well. Patty was such a little girl that siie 
often forgot to take proper care of it. While 
she was mourning, the minister came along. 
He lived near by and was Patty's very good 

' ' Hello ! Who is this young lady ? ' ' he 
cried, picking Araminta Amelia up. 

Patty came running to the spot. 

' ' Oh, you rnustn 't ! " she exclaimed, 
breathlessly. '•That's Araminta Amelia, 
and she's got the measles. You might catch 
them. ' ' 

The minister laid Araminta Amelia down 
upon the bench very suddenly, and pretended 
to look very much alarmed. The minister 
was splendid at make-believes, almost as 
good as Patty herself. That was one reason 
why they were sucli good iriends. 

' ' Why didn 't you tell me before ? " he 
asked. "1 haven't had the measles since 1 
was two years, three months and two weeks, 
to say nothing of days, hours, minutes and 
seconds, younger than you are, Miss Patty, 
and sometimes people do have the measles 
twice, you know. ' ' 

Patty nodded her head wisely. She knew 
all about it. 

' ' Araminta Amelia has nad the measles 
four times since last Friday, she re- 
marked, gravely. Friday was the day on 
which fatty had learned that there was such 
a disease as the measles. 

"You don't say so!'' cried the minister 
in well simulated astonishment. ' ' Well, if 
you leave her out here all alone I am afraid 
some one may kidnap her. ' ' 

Then the minister hurried away, and 
Patty sat down beside Araminta Amelia 
with a perplexed frown upon her chubby 

Patty was just beginning to discover how 
ihany new things, especially words, a very 
little girl has to learn about. 

She puckered up her tiny brows and 
pursed her rosy lips, as she had seen grandma 
do when she was in doubt about anything, 
but it did not help her to understand the 
meaning of the funny word. 

' ' Kid-nap, ' ' she said slowly to herself 
' ' Kid-nap. 1 know what a nap is. Araminta 
and I take a nap every afternoon. But kid — 

' ' Mamma wears kid gloves, ' ' she remem- 
bered after a moment. "Gloves and going 
to sleep. Oh, dear, that doesn 't mean any- 

thing at all! This is a bad something that 
might happen to Araminta Amelia. I'll run 
and ask mamma. ' ' 

So the little girl, forgetful of the possible 
danger that might befall her beloved dolly, 
left her on the bench alone, and ran into 
the house. 

' ' Oh, mamma ! ' ' Patty cried. ' ' What is a 

Mamma was busy, but she stopped a min- 
ute to answer her little daughter 's question. 

"What is it about a kid?" she asked 

"What is a kid?" Patty repeated, eager- 
ly, an idea coming to her suddenly. ' ' What 
animal is a kid?" 

" O. " replied mamma, ' ' a kid is a baby 
goat. We saw one in the park a wnile ago, 
you know. ' ' 

' ' I remember, ' ' replied Patty, her face 
fairly beaming with smiles. ' ' ThanK you, 
mamma, ' ' and- away she trotted. 

' ' I suppose the minister meant that a kid 
might come and trouble Araminta Amelia 
while she was taking a nap," she mused, 
' ' though why he didn 't say so, I can 't see. ' ' 

When Patty reached the bench she stopped 
and stared and stared. 

Araminta Amelia was gone. 

Patty looked on the ground; she looked 
up and down the street; she even looked up 
into the branches of the tree above her, al- 
though, of course, she knew better than to 
think Araminta Amelia had walked off or 
climbed a tree by herself, but no Araminta 
Amelia could she find. 

Patty began to cry as if her heart would 

Just then her big brother, Tom, came 

"Why, what's the matter here?" he 
asked, picking his small sister up in his 
strong arms. 

' ' A — a — kid 's carried off Araminta Ame- 
lia," Patty sobbed, despairingly. 

' ' Who was it 1 ' ' inquired Tom, fiercely. 
" I '11 attend to any youngster who troubles 
my little sister. ' ' 

' ' Y^ou 're my dearest brother ! ' ' Patty 
cried, hugging him ecstatically. ' ' But it 
wasn 't any youngster, it was just a kid — a 
baby goat. ' ' 

At that moment Eover, the dog, came 
running to meet them with something long 
and gray dragging behind him. 

"Why — why," said Patty in amazement, 
"that's Araminta Amelia's shawl." 

' ' It looks very much like grandma 's 
shawl," observed Tom, dryly, setting Patty 
down and unfastening the shawl which had 
caught upon Eover 's collar. 

"I borrowed it," said Patty. "Grandma 
said T might." 

"All right," said Tom. 

' ' Eover, old fellow, ' ' addressing the 
puppy coaxingly, and showing him the shawl, 
"where did you get it? Show us, that's a 
good dog." 

But Eover only wagged his tail and barked 
joyously, as though he thought he had done 
something very smart indeed. 

By this time the entire family, with the 
exception of papa and the baby, had arrived 
upon the scene. 

Finally, Eover, evidently tired of keeping 
his great secret to himself, ran into the 
vegetable garden, behind the house, and be- 

gan digging down into the soft earth. The 
others followed. 

All at once a bit of pink silk appeared 
above ground. Patty did not wait any long- 
er. She dropped down upon her knees be- 
side Eover and began digging as hard as 
she could. Between them both it did not 
take very long to unearth poor, abused Ara- 
minta Amelia. 

"I guess your kid was only a puppy after 
all, ' ' said Tom, laughing. 

' ' Yes, ' ' replied Patty in a puzzled way, 
' ' the minister said a kid woulld do some- 
thing bad to her while she was taking a nap 
if I didn't take care. And I — I ran off 
and forgot ner. I'll never do it again. But 
I guess he meant Eover, though it was fun- 
ny for him to call a dog a kid. ' ' 

Every one looked puzzled. What could 
Patty mean? 

"Just what did the minister say, dearie? 
Tell mother, ' ' said mamma, putting her 
arms around Patty, who was beginning to 
cry once more. 

' ' He didn 't say exactly those words, ' ' 
sobbed Patty; "but he meant them. He 
said kid and nap, anyway. ' ' 

Tom laughed. ' ' Kidnap, ' ' he shouted as 
soon as he could speak. 

At that the others laughed, too, and even 
Patty smiled through her tears, though she 
did not know what they were laughing about. 

Mamma, seeing her puzzled face, ex- 
plained softly that when the minister said 
some one might kidnap Araminta Amelia, 
he only meant that some one might carry her 

' ' And Eover did kidnap Araminta Ame- 
lia, " returned Patty. Thus Patty learned 
a new word. — Congregationalist. 

% @ 
Paying the Fiddler. 

' ' If you dance, you must pay the fiddler. ' ' 
That is very old, and very true. It is one 
way of saying, ' ' if you have your" fun, you 
must pay the cost of it. ' ' 

As a young man was leaving college for 
the summer vacation, an older man quoted 
that to him. "Yes, you must pay the fid- 
dler, ' ' he repeated. ' ' And sometimes his 
charges are very high. Count the cost; ask 
his price before you dance. ' ' 

Quite true. You'd better think of it. 
Sometimes he charges you your good health, 
and you go through the remainder of life's 
way wearily dragging a diseased body. Sad 
handicap. And you paid it all for just a 
short dance, just a brief "good time." 
Sometimes he charges you your virtue and 
honor, and you are a moral leper after that, 
infecting every one you are allowed to touch. 
Big price to pay for a dance. 

Sometimes he charges you the respect and 
confidence of your wife, the welfare of your 
children, the sweetness and happiness of 
your home. I'm sure you would never have 
danced had you first asked what you would 
have to pay the fiddler. 

My poor girl, you gave him the roses in 
your cheeks, the fragrance of your thoughts, 
the glory of your life. You gave him all; 
and you are left poor indeed. I'm so sorry 
for you. Why did you not ask his charge? 

People, think. Look about you, and think. 
See the old ctry orange shells, the pulpy 
sweetness all gone, all squeezed out to satis- 
fy the fiddler. See the bloated bundles of 
putrid badness; the goodness all gone un- 
der the crooked fingers of the fiddler. Hell's 
highway is trodden smooth by the pauperized 
dancers. People, do think. — Cumberland 



No matter what you want, write to us about it. 






College of Law 

<IOne of the oldest and best equipped 
schools of the Middle West. Offers a 
three year course in law subjects lead- 
ing to the degree of Bachelor of Laws. 
Also a combined course leading to the 
degrees of A. B. [or Ph. B] and LL. B. 

The location in the capital city of Iowa, 
gives ".he student an opportunity to become ac- 
quainted with the procedure of the courts, both 
state and federal, and affords excellent facilities 
for research work. The course of instruction 
has been carefully arranged — the text book, case, 
and lecture systems having been judiciously 




Established in 1 88 1 , its growth has been contin- 
uous. More than 1850 students in attendance 
during the school year 1907-8. More than 
100 instructors in its faculties. Eight wei 
equipped buildings. Good library facilities. 

Expenses Are Low 

Students so desiring can usually find remunerative employment 
in the vicinity. 

Fall Term opens September 1 4 th - 1 9 8 
Winter Term opens January 4th -19 09 
Spring Term opens March 29th- 19 09 
Summer Term opens June 18th -19 09 

Send for announcement of department in which you are 
interested. Address, 

Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa 

College of Medicine 

COffers a course of four years based 
on four-year high school courses. 

First two years' work taken at 
University, where anatomy, physiol- 
ogy, chemistry and other fundamentals 
are taught. Each department has 
thoroughly equipped laboratories. 

Last two years taken at New 
Medical Building. Centrally located. 
Clinical advantages unsurpassed. 

Clinics in hospitals and college free dis- 

Combined courses leading to the degree of 
A. B. and M. D., or S. B. and M. D. 

Drake University 
Summer School 

<J The best possible provision for instruc- 
tion of teachers in all subjects for cer- 
tificates of any grade, for credits looking 
towards advanced standing in general 
and special professional lines. 

Provision for those who wish to 
begin work at any time after May 15th, 
making it possible to get three months 
instruction in certain lines. 

College of Education 

«JA school primarily for teachers. Offers 

course of four years, based upon high school 

courses four years in extent, leading to degree 

of B. Ed. The student completing the work may 

also receive the degree, A. B., Ph. B., or S. B., if 

work has been properly planned. © 

Two-year courses have been arranged especially 
for those preparing to teach in small high schools, 
or in the grades, and for primary, kindergarten, ora- 
tory, music, drawing, physical culture, and domestic 
science teachers and supervisors. 

*R. VC) 

College ef Liberal Arts 

9 Offers courses of four years 
based upon high school courses, four 
years in extent, leading to the degree 
of A. B„ Ph. B., S. B. Courses, requir- 
ing an additional year's work, leading 
to the corresponding Master's degree. 
Courses are also offered in combination 
with the Bible College, the Law Col- 
lege, and the Medical College. 

The system of instruction embraces 3 major, 
a minor, and elective subjects, thus permitting 
the student to arrange such a course as will be 
best adapted to his needs. 


Conservatory of 

<JThe largest institution presenting 
musical iustruction in the Middle 
West. The aim is not to count 
growth by numbers of students, but 
by* their musical equipment and 
ability to present to others that which 
they studied here. 

Courses are offered in voice, piano, 
pipe organ, violin, harmony, music 
history, piano tuning. 

College of the Bible 

C Offers English courses, based upon a four- 
year high school course, leading to a certifi- 
cate. Graduate course, requiring three years' 
work, leading to the degree of B. D. Com- 
bined courses leading to degrees of A. B. 
[or Ph. B.] and B. D. 

The college endeavors to make its course 
of instruction adequate to the growing de- 
mands of ministerial students. 

The chief purpose is to provide Biblical 
instruction on liberal and scientific princi- 
ples for students, irrespective of church 
relations, and at the same time furnish 
ample facilities in education fcr the 
Christian ministry. It seeks to encour- 
age an impartial and unbiased investiga- 
tion of the Christian scriptures. 

The University High 

f Classical, Scientific and Commercial courses 
for students preparing for college or the prac- 
ical affairs of life. The Commercial course 
includes a thorough drill in book-keeping 
and actual business and office practice, or in 
shorthand and typewriting, including also the 
use of the business phonograph. 



Vol. XLV. 

ST. LOUIS, JULY 9, 1908. 

Number 28. 

Alexander Campbell, from a photograph of the new portrait just presented to the Iowa Historical Building 

"by our convention. See page 881. 



July 9, 1908. 

The Christian-Evangelist, 

J. H. GARRISON. Editor 

PATJX MOORE, Assistant Editor 

F. D. POWER, ) 

B. B. TYLER, } Staff Co Aspondents. 
Published by the Christian Publishing Company 
4712 Pine Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Entered at St. Louis P. 0. as Second Class Matter 

AH Matter for publication should be addressed to 
The Editor. 

Unused Manuscripts will be returned only if ac- 
companied by stamps. 

News Items, evangelistic and otherwise, are 
solicited, and should be sent on a postal card, if 

Subscription Price, $1.50 a Year. 

For Canada add 52 cents and for other foreign 
countries $1.04 for postage. 


F«H the Christ ot Galilee, 

For the truth which makes mea fi«e, 

Fos the bond of unity 

Which makes God's children oas. 

F01 the love which shines in deeds 
For the life which this world needs, 
For the church whose triumph speeds 
Fhe prayer: "Thy will be done," 

JKor the right against the wrong, 
Fix the weak against the strong, 
Fos the poor who've waited loag 
For the brighter age to be, 

Fox the faith against tradition, 
Foi the truth 'gainst superstition. 
For the hope whose glad fruiikas 
Our waiting eyes shall see, 

For the city God is rearing, 
For the New Earth now appearing, 
For the heaven above us clearing, 
And the song of victory. 

J. H. G*rrisoa, 


Current Events 867 

Editorial — • 

A Work of Disintegration 868 

"Is Our Protestantism Still Protest- 
ant ' ' 868 

Union in Chicago 869 

Notes and Comments 869 

Current Religious Thought 870 

Editor 's Easy Chair 871 

Contributed Articles — 

Mrs. Mary Ann Barclay. Philip John- 
son 872 

Promoting the Summer Slump. W. 

R. Warren 871 

Waiting Sixty-three Years for the 

Harvest. William Oeschger 874 

The Knickerbocker Parson. William 

Durban 875 

Increase of the Ministry 876 

Voices of the Dead. Charles Darsie. .876 

Our Budget S77 

Report of the International Lesson Sun- 
day school Committee 880 

The Iowa Convention 881 

Adult Bible Class Movement 883 

News from Many Fields 884 

Evangelistic 886 

Sunday-school 887 

Midweek Prayer-meeting 887 

Christian Endeavor 888 

People \s Forum 8S0 

Obituaries 889 

The Homo Department 800 

The New Orleans Convention 

OCTOBER, 1908 

Since our communication on this subject in the 
last week's issue of The Christian-Evangelist we have 
received information to the effect that the round 
trip rate, by rail, from St. Louis to New Orleans, 
and return, will be $18.25. To this must be added the 
sleeping car charge of $2.25 each way for a single 
berth, or $4.50 3ach way for a double berth. 

As yet, we have not selected our route, but 
hope to do so in the very near future, and will then 
make definite announcement concerning every detail of 
the trip, including Hotel accommodations at New Or- 
leans, for those who prefer to go to the St. Charles 
Hotel (the headquarters of the Convention) rather 
than some boarding house. The Hotel rate will not be 
expensive, considering the accommodations furnished. 

We hope that many will decide to go to this 
Convention, and will join The Christian-Evangelist 
family in whatever arrangements it may make. In this 
connection, we are pleased to announce that the 
National Benevolent Association will join with us on 
this occasion, so that the party from St. Louis will 
not be divided. Therefore, the friends of The Chris- 
tian-Evangelist, and also of the National Benevolent 
Association, will please report to us their intention 
to join us, and to all who send in their names and 
addresses, we will send, special information in the 
form of circular letters that we may not have space 
for publication in full, in The Christian-Evangelist. 

r Sincerely, 

Business Manager, 




£ No matter what you want, write to us about it. 




No matter what j-ou want, write to us about it. 










Because it is the most complete teacher-training book published. 
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Because it teaches the class the Bible rather than something about the 

Because it makes the most thorough work possible. 
Because it has been adopted as a college text book. 
Because it gives a true view of Old and New Testament History. 
Because it is the only teacher-training book published which gives New 
Testament Institutions. 

Because it gives a working knowledge of Bible Geography. 
Because it is up to date on Bible School organization, and pedagogy. 
Because it received the unanimous approval of the International Com- 

Manilla biading, 224 pages. 

Single copy, 30c, prepaid. Five or more copies, not prepaid, 25c each. 

Limp cloth, 40c each. 






Volume XLV. 

ST. LOUIS, JULY 9, 1908. 

Number 28. 

This paper goes to press too early in the 
week to give any report of the doings o± 

the Democratic con- 
Democrats at Den- , ■ i 4. 
^cmu^xduo »u 1/™ vention which meets 

ver * in Denver on Tues- 

day of this week. The interest centers in 
the choice of a candidate for vice-presi- 
dent and the formulation of a platform. 
The nomination of Mr. Bryan for first 
place on the ticket seems so certain that 
there is little room for excitement on the 
subject. His campaign managers claim 
to have already pledged 25 more than the 
two-thirds which the rule of a Democratic 
convention requires for a nomination. The 
platform is awaited with interest. This 
much, however, can be predicted in ad- 
vance. It will be a campaign in which it 
will be extremely difficult to state the po- 
sitions of the two parties in a way which 
will clearly show the contrast between 
them without using terms which one or 
the other of them would repudiate. There 
will be a tariff plank in the platform 
which will differ rather widely from the 
Eepublican statement, which calls for a 
tariff adjusted to cover the extra cost of 
production in the United States "plus a 
reasonable profit. ' ' There will be an anti- 
injunction plank which will try very hard 
to please the labor unions better than the 
Eepublican element without alarming capi- 
tal. Beyond that — let us wait and see. 

The Mexican government is being har- 
assed by a joint movement of insurrec- 
tionists and ban- 
dits. The former 
want a more liberal 
government; the latter want no govern- 
ment. But for their present purposes they 
find it easy enough to join hands in rising 
against their common enemy, the strong 
government of Diaz. The storm center of 
the insurrection is at Torreon, in the 
northern part of Mexico. It is difficult to 
believe that, with the almost perfect sys- 
tem which Diaz has developed for the con- 
trol of the country and the putting down 
of the slightest incipient uprising, the in- 
surrection can assume very alarming pro- 
portions, but the government evidently 
takes the situation seriously and is pre- 
paring to meet it by both military and 
diplomatic measures. Ambassador Creel, 
the Mexican representative at Washington, 
who had been preparing for an extended 
absence, has been ordered back to Wash- 
ington. The United States has always 
furnished a convenient base of operations 
for leaders of insurrectionary movements 
in Mexico, and more than one revolution- 
ary junta has been discovered from time 
to time actively at work. With the de- 

The Mexican 


Cleveland as a 

gree of freedom of speech and of the press 
which is allowed by our laws, it is possible 
for a band of active agitators to do a good 
deal of effective and pernicious work 
without actually rendering themselves lia- 
ble to punishment, and it has not always 
been easy to convince our Southern sister 
that we were dealing fairly with her when 
we have failed to break up and deliver 
over to her tender mercies these com- 
panies of agitators. The Diaz regime has 
done wonders for Mexico. Its iron-handed 
style of government has brought peace 
and a reasonable degree of prosperity 
where in the old days every man did that 
which was right in his own eyes. And in 
the main it has been a wise and benefi- 
cent hand as well as a strong one. But 
the time has come for a more liberal gov- 
ernment. A republic composed of subjects 
can not permanently endure, and Mexi- 
co's troubles with insurrectionists will in- 
crease rather than diminish unless her gov- 
ernment becomes republican in fact as well 
as in form. 

The death of Mr. Cleveland calls to 
mind the fact that he was one of our great- 
est political phrase- 
makers. He had the 
gift of hitting, oft- 
ener than other public men, upon a phrase 
which caught the public ear and fancy 
and attained wide currency. Some words 
he rescued from the oblivion in which 
they had reposed in the unabridged dic- 
tionary and put upon the tongues of men. 
Other words, ordinary enough in them- 
selves, he coined into phrases which be- 
came part of the currency of common 
speech. Here are a few notable phrases 
and sentences which have been culled from 
his public utterances and writings: 

Public office is a public trust. 

After an existence of nearly twenty 
years of innocuous desuetude, these laws 
are ' brought forth. 

Party honesty is party expediency. 

It is a condition which confronts us — not 
a theory. 

I do not believe that nations any more 
than individuals can violate the rules of 
honesty and fair dealing. 

If the wind is in the south or west, so 
much the better, but let's go fishing wher- 
ever the wind may be. 

We failed to comment, a week ago, on 
the very interesting reply which President 
Eliot of Harvard 
made to President 
Boosevelt's tele- 
graphic request that he permit a couple of 
boys who were under discipline to row on 
the Harvard crew in the Yale-Harvard 
race. The two boys had violated an im- 
portant college rule in connection with the 
use of the library and had been suspended 
in consequence. This put them off of the 
crew, and it seemed quite important for 
the winning of the race that they should 
be reinstated. The President of the 

President vs. Pres- 

United States and the Assistant Secretary 
of State, both Harvard alumni and eager 
sportsmen, wired to President Eliot ask- 
ing if he could not find some other pun- 
ishment and let them return to their places 
in the boat. The reply was a little homily 
on college ethics and honor such as few 
people have the temerity to give to the 
President of the United States. Presi- 
dent Eliot said: "Each man did a dis- 
honorable thing. One violated in his pri- 
vate interest and in a crooked way a rule 
made in the common interest, while the 
other gave a false name and did not take 
subsequent opportunity to give his own. 
The least possible punishment was putting 
them on probation, but that drops them 
from the crews. A keen and sure sense of 
honor being the finest result of college 
life, I think the college and graduates 
should condemn effectively dishonorable 
conduct. The college should teaeh that 
one must never do scurvy things in the 
supposed interest or for the pleasure of 
others." This is a tolerably pointed ob- 
servation. It makes it very clear that 
there is one great educator in the country 
who considers that winning a boat-race is 
not nearly so important for his college as 
maintaining its ideals of honor and the 
discipline which is essential to the proper 
maintenance of that honor. One feels pretty 
sure after this that there is not going to be 
at Harvard one sort of treatment for 
athletes and another for common stu- 
dents who contribute nothing but their 
scholarship to the honor of the college. 
It is a very wholesome lesson. Under the 
circumstances, it was not without a certain 
sense of satisfaction (even to a Yale man) 
to observe that Harvard won the race aft- 
er all, and without the services of the two 
supposedly indispensable lads who had 
been dropped from the crew. College dis- 
cipline and college are at an end when the 
athlete becomes so indispensable that spe- 
cial consideration must be shown to him 
by the college authorities. 

The noiseless gun is an accomplished 
fact — and a very deadly fact it will prob- 
ably prove to be if 
The Noiseless Gun. its manufacture and 
sale are unrestrict- 
ed. Hiram P. Maxim has perfected a 
weapon in which the noise is eliminated, 
very much as the noise of the gasoline ex- 
plosion in an automobile is eliminated, by 
the use of a muffler which allows the ga* 
produced by the explosion of the powder 
to escape slowly from the barrel of the 
gun instead of escaping with a rush all at 
once. The noise which ordinarily accom- 
panies an explosion is produced not by the 
actual explosion, that is, the generating 
of gas by the ignition or concussion of the 
explosive material, but by the sudden es- 
cape of the gas. In a test made indoors 
in the presence of a number of scientific 
men, the gun sent a thirty-two-calibre 
soft-nosed bullet through a city directory 
and yet made so little noise that some of 
the observers thought that the gun had 
not gone off at all. 



July 9, 190S, 

A Work of Disintegration. 

We called attention recently to some cir- 
culars which seemed to point to a move- 
ment in antagonism to our present organ- 
ized missionary work. We are now in re- 
ceipt of a letter from a 'brother in the west- 
ern part of the United States in which he 
says : 

' ' I am writing for information on mis- 
sionary plans and methods. We have here 
in a little group of men advocat- 
ing the adoption of the missionary plan pro- 
posed by Russell Errett, viz. : each church to 
select the field it desires to help and send its 
missionary offering direct, without passing 
through the hands of any Missionary Board. 
Of course, you know all about the plan. 1 
want you to write me frankly and as fully 
as you feel able, just what you think about 
it. " 

There is more of the letter, but the above 
will suffioe. We think it better to tell our 
brother and others what we "think of it" 
through The Christian-Evangelist. Ob- 
serve that we are asked to give our opinion 
of '"the missionary plan proposed by Russell 
Errett." When and where was this mission- 
ary plan proposed? It is assumed by the 
writer of this letter that we know all about 
it. We have seen nothing of it whatever, 
except what this letter states. What new 
method of proposing a new missionary plan 
for the adoption of the brotherhood is now 
being used? So important a matter as a 
change in our missionary methods as is in- 
dicated in this extract ought to receive open 
and fair consideration. No other policy 
can win among us. 

If we are to write "frankly" concerning 
what we think of this "missionary plan," 
we must say distinctly and unequivocally, 
that it means disintegration, division and 
anarchy in our religious work. It means 
going back more than half a century to the 
disorganized condition out of which we 
have been steadily growing. It means un- 
doing the work of more than three score 
years, under the leadership of such men as 
Alexander Campbell, David S. Burnett, 
Isaac Errett, Thomas Munnell, Robert 
Moffett, and a host of others who have gone 
before, and of those still living, who have 
given their lives to the great work of bring- 
ing the churches into line for co-operation 
in the conversion of the world. It means 
shutting our eyes to the tendency of the 
age, which is toward union and co-opera- 
tion, and going back into the individualistic 
and haphazard plan of every man and every 
church acting independently of all others. 
Were this plan to meet with any general 
encouragement, it would bring shame and 
confusion into our ranks at a time when 
we should be united, harmonious and en-/ 
thusiastic, moving together as a great disci- 
plined army to the celebration of our ap- 
proaching Centennial. 

This, in brief, is what we think of it. 
When we come to look for the motive that 
lie- behind a movement like this, which 

would turn back the hands on the dial of 
our progress for more than half a century, 
we must say, distinctly and unequivocally, 
we -hesitate to speak. Admitting that the 
motive may be all right, is there not a policy 
advocated and a spirit manifested that can 
but work mischief to our unity and co-op- 
erative work? W r e would not charge our 
anti-missionary brethren with dishonest mo- 
tives, but we do know that their policy and 
principles, should they prevail, would mean 
utter disaster to tlhe great cause we repre- 
sent. Unity and co-operation are one and 
inseparable. To oppese the latter is to 
strike a blow at the former. For this rea- 
son, and other obvious ones, we urge the 
brethren everywhere to stand by our pres- 
ent missionary organization. God has great- 
ly blessed us, so co-operating, and we ought 
not to turn back now. 

We have never doubted for a moment 
that the great heart of the brotherhood 
beats soundly and in sympathy with our 
great and growing missionary work, and 
with all that we have gained in the way of 
better organization and discipline in our 
missionary methods. The danger has been, 
and is, that brethren will allow themselves 
to be led, unwittingly, into measures and 
movements whose effects will be disintegra- 
tion and division. "What we say unfo one, 
we say unto all, Watch." 

"Is Our Protestantism Still j 
Protestant?* ' 

The above is the title of a very thought- 
ful article in the first number of the "Har- 
vard Theological Review," which began with 
the present year. The article is by William 
Adams Brown, of Union Theological Semi- 
nary. The writer mentions two answers 
to this question by two distinguished au- 
thors. Prof. Harnack in his book, "What 
Is Christianity?" holds to the view that 
modern thought has introduced "no new 
phase in the history of the Christian reli- 
gion." On the other hand, Sabatier, in his 
work entitled "The Religions of Authority 
and the Religion of the Spirit," regards 
both Protestantism and Roman Catholicism 
as outgrown forms of Christianity, repre- 
senting religions of authority, while a new 
and distinct type of Christianity is being- 
introduced, which he calls the religion of 
the Spirit. The writer of the article agrees 
with Prof. Harnack, that Protestantism is 
capable of adjusting itself to the new con- 
ditions, by being true to its original prin- 
ciples ; but while he admits the force of 
Sabatier's position, he thinks Prof. Har- 
nack minimizes too much the changes which 
have occurred in modern thought. More- 
over, he thinks that many Protestants have 
indeed lost the Protestant spirit. 

In order to answer his question, the 
writer of the article asks what it means to 
be Protestant, "and especially what is the 
distinctive mark by which Protestantism is 
separated from the type of religion which 
we call Catholic." After denying that this 
distinctive mark is the difference of ex- 
perimental and traditional religion, as some 
think, or an individualistic and social reli- 

gion, which others have affirmed, the writer 
holds that the real difference is found "in 
its view of the nature and 1 ground of faith. 
To Protestantism in all its forms, faith is 
a personal act involving the whole man — 
reason, as well as feeling and will. To 
Catholicism this need not be the case. * ~* 
In Catholicism we have a rational system 
erected upon a foundation which is noa- 
rational. In Protestantism credence is 
asked for dogmas surpassing reason in the 
name of a rational faith." In this connec- 
tion the author has this significant paragraph 
on faith which is well worth studying: 
"Where faith is understood in the Catholic 
sense as belief upon testimony, it is mani- 
festly inadequate unless supplemented by 
works. Indeed, it is itself of the nature of 
a work; since it is one among other condi- 
tions which the Church prescribes, upon 
the fulfillment of which a man's salvation 
depends. But if faith means trust in a per- 
son worthy to be trusted, carrying with it 
the inner response of the whole being to 
the ideals and purposes which he reveals, 
then it is clear that it must be the all-com- 
prehending Christian virtue including with- 
in itself all else, and of itself alone sufficient 
for salvation." Here is where modern 
Protestantism has erred, as relates to faith. 
Using the term in its narrower sense as ex- 
cluding what St. Paul calls "the obedience 
of faith," it has predicated salvation on it 
alone, without that surrender to "Christ's 
ideals and purposes," which is an essential 
part of that faith on which justification is 
based in the New Testament. 

Coming to the question, "What is the dis- 
tinguishing characteristic of the thought 
which we call modern?" the writer answers 
it thus : "It is the extent to which it recog- 
nizes, and the consistency with which it 
attempts to apply, the principle of develop- 
ment." This idea, he says, has modified 
every department of our thought and life. 
"It has reconstructed our science, re- 
written our history, and is transforming our 
social, our economic and our political ideals. 
It would be strange, indeed, if it did not 
leave its traces on our theology." The 
writer adds : "What differentiates modern 
Protestantism from its predecessor is not 
the fact that it has abandoned the earlier 
faith in a rational revelation of universal 
authority, in order to take refuge in some 
vague religion of the Spirit without definite 
content, but that, whereas the older Prot- 
estantism found that revelation in an un- 
changing system once for all communicated, 
modern Protestantism finds it in living 
principles incarnated in a person, and there- 
fore a free and expanding life, and pro- 
gressively applied and verified in the course 
of an enlarging experience." As there are 
two types of Catholicism, the Greek and the 
Roman, the one stagnant and the other 
progressive, so the writer holds, "What is 
needed is a like discrimination between 
the different types of Protestantism; be- 
tween the Protestantism which turns its 
face to the past, and finds God's revelation 
in an unchanging system contained in an 
infallible book, and the Protestantism which 
looks toward the future, finding God's rev- 

July 9, 1908. 



•elation in living principles, incarnated in a 
person, and henoe needing ever new appli- 
cation to the changing conditions of a 
changing world." The writer holds that 
these fourfold divisions, viz. : the two types 
of Catholicism and the two 'types of Prot- 
estantism, present the real situation as it 
exists to-day. Under the dogma of papal 
infallibility, Roman Catholicism finds the 
opportunity of cutting loose from the dead 
past and adapting itself to new conditions 
as they arise, which, the writer holds, is the 
real significance of that dogma. 

But Christianity, the writer holds, is 
larger than any of these types. These dif- 
ferent influences are in Christianity because 
they are in life; but Christianity itself is 
something different from these. "It is the 
new impulse imparted to the life of hu- 
manity by the life of Jesus of Nazareth— 
the new insight he brought, the new stream 
of tendency which, beginning from him, has 
entered into the strife of human forces, 
playing upon and being played upon by them 
all." While Christ may be found in all 
these historic forms, "it does not follow 
•that he is found in all with equal clearness 
and adequacy." "The Roman religion of 
progress is truer than the Greek religion 
of stagnation, and the Protestantism which 
insisrs upon bringing all so-called progress 
to the test of reason represents a step be- 
yond both." We take it that the author 
means by "the test of reason," the reason 
enlightened by revelation and the light of 
Christian experience. The closing sentences 
of the article deserve careful consideration: 
"We should belie our spiritual ancestry if 
we did not recognize the great contribution 
of the Reformation to human progress, and 
jealously guard the truth which the Refor- 
mation won. But there is work still to do, 
and that is to present the Christ whom all 
Christians know as Lord, and whom the 
earlier Protestants recognized as their in- 
dividual Saviour by his direct appeal to 
each man's heart and conscience — to present 
this living, spiritual Christ in his larger 
social relations as the inspiration to the goal 
of progress. This is the task of the theology 
of the future." 

So much for the article. It is, then, ac- 
cording to the author's last- statement, sim- 
ply the question whether Protestantism can 
be true to the Christ of revelation in his 
demands upon the Church. That it has not 
been in the past is evident. That it is com- 
ing to be more conscious of its disloyalty 
to Christ, in its zeal for denominationalism 
and sectarian tenets, is equally evident. We 
believe, with the writer, that if the princi- 
ples of Protestantism be carried to their 
legitimate conclusion, it need not be suc- 
ceeded by a different type of Christianity. 
It remains to be seen, however, whether it 
is sufficiently plastic for Christ to mold it 
into that church, which is to be without 
.spot and without blemish. Will Protestant- 
ism respond to Christ's prayer for the unity 
of his followers, and close up its divided 
ranks so that it can make common cause 
against common foes? Will it maintain 
an open mind for the reception of the ever- 
increasing knowledge of truth, while hold- 

ing fast to Christ, and adjust itself to the 
new conditions as they shall arise, making 
the church the obedient agent of Christ's 
will, and the willing instrument of social 
service to mankind? These are the ques- 
tions which confront our modern Protest- 
antism, and the answer which it gives will 
determine the question whether our Prot- 
estantism is still Protestant. 

Union in Chicago. 

We referred briefly in our news columns 
last week to the union which has been con- 
summated in Chicago between the First 
Christian Church in that city and the Mem- 
orial Baptist Church. The prominence of 
these two churches, and their location in 
the heart of a great city like Chicago, give 
unusual importance to the event. Some of 
the conditions which led to this union, and 
on which it was effected, are worth men- 
tioning as a guide in similar situations. 

1. The local situation made it desirable. 
These two churches were working in the 
same community, among the same people. 
One of them had a church building and no 
pastor. The other had a pastor and no 
church building. 

2. The fact above stated, standing alone, 
would not have justified union; but in con- 
nection with another fact, namely, that the 
two churches were standing practically 
for the same things, both holding to "the 
one Lord, one faith and one baptism," dis- 
carding human creeds as authority and 
holding the New Testament as their suffi- 
cient rule of faith and practice, to unite 
seemed to be the wise and Christian thing 
to do. 

3. Something must always be conceded 
in order to union, but nothing that is vital 
or important should be conceded. They 
must have a common name. "The Memo- 
rial Church of Christ (Baptist and Disci- 
ple)" was agreed upon, because both 
claimed to be Churches of Christ before the 
union, and neither was ashamed of having 
connection with the bodies known as Bap- 
tists and Disciples. Their missionary offer- 
ings are to be divided between the two 
bodies, as heretofore. The united congre- 
gation meets in the Baptist building and has 
elected Dr. Willett as pastor. All the de- 
tails of worship and work will be amicably 
settled by the united congregation. 

We have not, at this writing, seen the 
pamphlets issued by the two churches when 
the union was consummated which, we 
learn, have been sent to the office by Bro. 
Richard Gentry, now in Chicago, who, in a 
personal letter, says that "The united 
church met on Friday last and unanimously 
chose Dr. Willett as its minister. The ques- 
tion of an associate minister is to be de- 
cided later. Last Sunday the united church 
began its existence with a very happy day, 
a large Bible school and a large congrega- 
tion, with splendid interest." 

We are not able to see why the cause of 
Christ is not strengthened in Chicago by 
this union. It seems to us that in all simi- 
lar circumstances such union might be ef- 
feoted to the glory of God and the advance- 
ment of his Kingdom. In many other cases 
there may be union ; that is, practical co- 
operation as brethren, without the merging 
of local churches. In other localities, how- 
ever, union must wait for the removal of 
prejudice and misunderstanding. In all 
cases let the brethren seek to be guided by 
the spirit and teaching of Jesus Christ. 

Notes and Comments 

Brother Carpenter, whose communica- 
tion will be found in "Our Forum," needed 
not to assure us of his own loyalty to our 
missionary organizations, nor that of the 
members of his Board, and of many others 
whose names appear on the program a'. 
Bethany Park. That is not the question. 
How does Brother Carpenter explain the 
contents of these circulars that are being 
sent out by the Standard Publishing Co., 
and by Brother J. V. Coombs, in which the 
Evangelistic Congress is set over against 
our missionary conventions, and the Con- 
gress, which has been held for a number of 
years, as of a different itype and having a 
different spirit and aims? Brother Car- 
penter's letter explains nothing, except that 
he, and the Board of Bethany Assembly, 
are not aware of an ulterior aim behind the 
active propaganda that is being carried for- 
ward by these circulars, and through one of 
our papers, in behalf of the National Insti- 
tute of Teacher Training and National 
Congress of Evangelism. Let the authors 
of these circulars express their friendship 
for, and hearty co-operation with, our mis 
sionary organizations, as Brother Carpenter 
has done for himself, and let them assure 
the public that nothing will be said or done 
in these meetings to prej udice the brethren 
against our present co-operative missionary 
work, and we will gladly publish it and the 
brethren will feel assured that, in going to 
Bethany Park, they will not be lending their 
influence to a divisive and opposition move- 
ment. • Brother Carpenter mentions fre- 
quently the name of Brother Moninger. He 
is not 'a principal in the matter. These cir- 
culars emanated from the Standard Pub- 
lishing Company. We await an explana- 
tion from the author of these circulars as 
to their meaning. 

"The Southern Presbyterian" mentions, 
as a noteworthy fact, "the hunger of the 
people for instructive preaching, for that 
which evokes vigorous thinking. People 
seem to be wearying of mere illustrations 
and entertainment in the pulpit, but eager 
for that which evokes thought. Doctrinal 
preaching, if well presented, is _ heartily 
welcomed by large numbers." Phis is cer- 
tainly a healthy sign so far as it exists. 
When we learn to discriminate between 
"doctrinal preaching" and sectarian preach- 
ing there will be far less prejudice against 
the' former than now exists. Preaching 
that is not doctrinal, that is, that does not 
teach, lacks an important and essential ele- 

Our real progress as a religious body be- 
gan with learning to co-operate through 
voluntary organizations. Every advanced 
step among us has been marked by more 
thorough organization of our forces. Our 
great missionary organizations are the 
crown and glory of our work. They rep- 
resent to the world the concrete result ot 
our zeal for the conversion of the world. 
Through co-operation, by means of these 
organizations, our churches have grown in 
liberality, in spirituality, and in devotion to 
the general interests of Christ's kingdom. 
Any attempt to oppose or undermine_ these 
great organizations that are accomplishing 
so much for the conversion of the world 
and for the spread of the plea which we are 
making for Christian union, should be dis- 
countenanced by every lover of the cause 
of Christ. 



Jcly 9, 1908. 

Current Religious Thought 

"An exchange asks : 'What shall it profit 
a church if it sell its oysters and ice cream 
and lose its spirituality?' Let those churches 
answer that neglect the prayer-meetings 
and the class-meetings, and have 'leap year 
socials,' lilliputian weddings and ecclesias- 
tical cake walks." — Methodist-Protcstanit. 

It is a fatal mistake, thinks "The Presby- 
terian," to ask a man to join the church 
before inviting him to be united to the 
church's Head. "One belongs to the church 
because he belongs to Christ. He belongs 
to the Master by right of purchase. He 
belongs to the church as an element of its 
life. The church-sponge does not truly 
belong to the church. He is a parasite and 
a poisoner." 

The "Western Recorder"' comments on 
the tendency that will be specially notice- 
able in the dbg days as follows : 

"The 'Congregationalist' is right in say- 
ing that the advertisements of Sunday serv- 
ices of several Baptist churches in Boston 
are signals of distress. It adds: 'Such 
topics, 'The kind of a girl a young man 
should marry,' etc., indicate d'esperate need 
of an audience. One church announces 'a 
unique stereopticon service,' 'young lady 
ushers,' 'no other service like this in Bos- 
ton.' Thank heaven for that.' " 

Says the "American Israelite" : "The 
spread of the anarchistic spirit is in the 
main due to the casting out of religion 
from the souls of the malcontents. The in- 
crease of suicide is based upon the removal 
of "faith from the heart of man. Drive re- 
ligion out of the world and humanity 
would soon lapse back into a barbaric state. 
The world can not get along without God 1 
and religion." 

In an article on Brotherhood the "Ad- 
vance" says : 

"When analyzed to its bottom principle, 
the organization of the Brotherhood means 
a revival movement. Its essential purpose 
is to revive the religious life of the men of 
the churches and to keep them revived. And 
this may be expected to lead on to a more 
general evangelistic movement for the con- 
version of men. The more the organization 
takes this direction, the greater will be its 
influence and permanent efficiency. As an 
evangelizing agency the Brotherhood may 
become such a power for good as can not 
be easily measured. With converted men 
and women, it will not be difficult to bring 
in the reign of social righteousness and of 
kindly relations which some of the speakers 
urged with intense eloquence.'' 

To the man who depends on novelties, 
here is a word of sound warning from the 
"Southern Presbyterian": 

"What 'draws' may not build up. The 
novelty seeker will go to the novelty giver. 
Attendants caught by novelties seldom last 
long. It is against their nature to hold on 
long, or to be held on long. The pure, sim- 
ple, old-fashioned gospel, simplv, lovingly, 
sympathetically told, is, after all, the true 
and permanent attraction." 

"A great deal is getting into print and 
otherwise being given publicity about how 
the farmer is going to be affected by pro- 
hibition. Secretary of Agriculture Wilson 
pronounces it all rot. He says if every dis- 

tillery and brewery in the country were to 
close its doors the American farmers, as a 
class, wouldn't know it, so far as the effect 
would show itself on the markets for 
grain." — National Daily Ncivs. 

Bishop Doane joins issue with "the nar- 
row church" in the following fashion and 
the "Churchman" has some comments : 

" 'If the Church is to be kept in turmoil 
and unrest by a few turbulent spirks, if she 
is to be made ludicrous by an attempt to tie 
her, under full sail, to anchorages of nar- 
row isolation, then the fight is on, and tim- 
idity and time serving must give way to the 
recognition of "the depth and length and 
breadth and height" of the awakened love 
and life of our aroused and real Catholic- 
ity.' In these great words Bishop Doane in 
another column forces the issue between 
sectarianism and Catholicity. 

"Here is the crux of the whole matter. 
Are Christians to work together for the 
saving of the world, or are they to continue 
to force Christians to strive against Chris- 
tians, and to do it in Christ's name? Shall 
the Church follow Christ, and claim them 
as brothers in him, and thus, fulfilling the 
apostolic mission, slowly but surely establish 
apostolic order? Or, shall it follow men 
by forbidding, and condemn those who do 
not in all things follow with us? The 
Church can never forfeit for any reason 
apostolic order. That would involve the 
unily and continuity of the Church. But, 
equally, if apostolic order is not used in the 
spirit of our Lord for the accomplishment 
of the apostolic mission, it can never fulfill 
and' thereby commend apostolic order to 

"The So'iitih is very conservative — so 
everybody says — but it oddly enough gets 
ahead of the North in some examples of 
progressive innovation. Thus, for an ecclesi- 
astical instance, the action of the Northern 
Methodist general conference, just held at 
Baltimore, in abolishing probation for con- 
verts received into the church, was but 
tardily following a precedent long ago set 
by the Southern Methodists. The Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church South years since 
abandoned the practice of 'keeping the 
prodigal son six months on the porch of 
the Father's house,' as the probation custom 
has been not inaptly described. Similarly 
the Southern Methodists have taken the 
initiative in the matter of securing a new 
'brief statement' of Methodist doctrine, and 
though for the present the Northern Metho- 
dists refuse to follow, they will undoubt- 
edly in the long run have to admit that in 
this, too, their Southern brothers blazed the 
path of progress. — Interior. 

The "Christian Endeavor World" has an 
editorial on the privilege of confession. We, 
as a people, have always practiced the pub- 
lic acknowledgment of a belief in Christ. 
The writer in our Boston contemporary 
has, perhaps, more in mind than this simple 
acknowledgement. He says : 

"The duty of confessing Christ is often 
urged. The motives of gratitude, the 
strengthening of one's own resolution, the 
possibility of making the way easier for 
others, are presented again and again. On 
decision days in Sunday-schools and Chris- 
tian Endeavor societies, and! in times of 
special evangelistic work, as well as on or- 
dinary occasions, the appeal is made again 
and again. 

"Doubtless there is need of all this, and 
the arguments used are sound. But is 
enough made of the privilege of confes- 
sion? Ts it found necessary to exhort ath- 
letes to wear the initial marking them as 

having represented their colleges in great 
contests? Does it take much pleading to 
persuade the boy or girl to wear the badge 
of a society telling of the realization of 
years of ambition? Does a Grand Army 
man try to conceal the fact that he served 
in the ranks? Why should disci pi eship of 
Christ be treated as the one association of 
which it is natural to be ashamed? If i: 
means all that it should, what could be 
more natural than to wish to express the 
i oy that it brings ? Why should the em- 
phasis be put on the thought of confes- 
sion as an ordeal? 

"We do not half know the blessedness of 
confession because we seldom have to pay 
a price for it that shows its worth. Be- 
cause it costs so little we value it the less. 
Influences are all around us that make the 
step of confession easy. Friends expect 
it; home training makes it natural; the 
church influences lead toward it. There is 
a suggestion of cowardice in refusing to 
act. If we were in India, where considera- 
tions of caste have their great force; or in 
China, where loyalty to parents makes a 
change of religion seem undutiful; or 
among the Moslems, where embracing 
Ghrdstianity threatens one's life, we should 
know something of confession that costs. 
We might also know more of the blessed- 
ness of confession. Because we have no: 
such experiences must we allow ourselves 
or others to lose the sense of the privilege 
of acknowledging the Saviour and Lord ?" 

"Are you going away for the summer? 
Well, don't part company with your con- 
science."- — Bpworth Herald. 

"There is a story of a potter in China 
who received 'from the emperor a command 
to make a rare set of porcelain ware for the 
royal table. With greatest pains he began 
his work, desiring to make it the fines: 
achievement of his life. Again and again, 
however, when the pieces were put into the 
furnace they were marred. At length an- 
other set were ready for burning, and the 
potter hoped that this one would be success- 
ful. But as he watched it in the furnace he 
saw that this, too, would be a failure. In 
despair he threw himself into the fire and 
his body was consumed. But when the 
pieces of pottery were taken out they were 
so wondrously beautiful that nothing like 
them had ever before been seen. Not until 
the potter sacrificed his own life in the do- 
ing- of it was his work successful. The old 
heathen legend has its lesson for Christian 
life. Our work never reaches the highest 
beauty, is never fit for our King until 
love's sacrifice is wrought into it. Things 
we do for ourselves, to win honor for our 
own name, to make profit for our own en- 
richment, are never the things that are most 
beautiful in God's sight. The greatest 
things we do are those that are wrought in 
utter self-forgetfulness, for Chrisfs 
glory." — Forward. 

A distinguished German scholar who had 

devoted his faculties to what he claimed to 
be the demonstration of atheism came con 
sistently to his death bed. He was prepared, 
he said, to prove out of the expiring sparks 
of his own life that it must become a 
cmenehed and blackened flame. He observed 
the processes of dissolution calmly, with the 
long habit of the scientific method. Friends, 
themselves unbelieving and unhoping. stood 
about hin 1 . waiting to catch the last flicker 
of defiance from a soul to its God. For some 
hours he had lain unexpectedly silent, and 
with eyes closed. He had very dark, large 
eyes, piercing and powerful. Suddenly he 
opened them, and from their caverns shot 
out a lire before which the coldest scofter in 
the room shrank back. With a loud voice 
the old scholar cried out: 

' • There is another world ! ' ' and fell upon 
his pillow, dead. — Elizabeth Stuart I'hclps. 
in • • Harpt r s F>a:aar." 

July 9, 1908. 



Editor's Easy Chair, 

Q& Or, Pentwater Musings. 

This is a memorable day in our domestic 
annals. July 2, 1868— July 2, 1908. These 
dates span a period of forty years, and this 
is the fortieth anniversary of our wedded 
life. We count it among the happiest events 
of our lives that our lines, hitherto running 
•so far apart, converged in our college life, 
and were made one very soon thereafter in 
a covenant which we have regarded as 
solemn and inviolable as our baptismal cov- 
enant with Christ. We were in life's young 
morning then, full of youthful hopes and 
ambitions. To-day we are facing the west- 
ering sun, which is well on its way toward 
the horizon. We have had our sorrows, as 
well as our joys, but we have shared them 
together, and so have lightened the one and 
multiplied the other. This 'has been a 
cloud'y, lowering day, but this evening the 
clouds have lifted from the west and the 
glorious sun, coming out from behind the 
clouds, is painting a golden pathway across 
the lake as bright as the pathway of the 
just, which is to grow brighter unto the 
perfect day. What matters it though the 
day of our 'brief lifetime be shadowed with 
clouds, if at the evening time the clouds 
shall lift, and there shall come the bright 
shining of the sun? "At evening time it 
shall be light." Neither of us has ever 
raised the question as to whether marriage 
is a failure. It has 'brought its own vindi- 
cation every mile of the journey we have 
walked together. And here, on the shores 
of this northern lake, far from the friends 
we have known and loved these many years, 
we feellike sending out our joint benedic- 
tion, with a prayer for God's blessing on 
all the homes of our readers, that the sa- 
cred ties which bind the family together 
may_ grow sweeter and stronger with the 
passing years, and so purified and spiritual- 
ized as to become bonds of unity in the life 
that lies beyond these mortal shores. 

& ® 

Speaking now of marriage in the ab- 
stract, and not in connection with this spe- 
cial anniversary, is there any institution 
among men which bears upon it more clear- 
ly the marks of its divine origin? It is the 
only institution now in existence that has 
come down to us from the very 'beginning 
of the race. It lies at the foundation of 
our civilization, and of all other institutions 
which bless mankind. But, like every other 
divine institution, it has been sadly abused, 
and the laws governing it have been ruth- 
lessly violated. Not only have polygamy 
and polyandry defiled and perverted the di- 
vine institution, but more subtle, but scarce- 
ly less disastrous evils, have served to make, 
what God 1 intended to be a fountain of 
purest joy and divinest blessing to mankind, 
a source of misery and corruption. We 
have not succeeded in clothing marriage 
with the sacredness and divinity which be- 
long to it by right. We do not 'begin early 
enough to teach our children the sacred 
nature and meaning of marriage, nor do 
we sufficiently guard them, as they grow 
older, against suoh associations as are likely 
to lead to unhappy marriages. The subject 
is often treated with a lightness and jocu- 

larity that deprive it of its sacred charac- 
ter in the eyes of the young. The divorce 
evil, of which we all complain, must find its 
true remedy much farther hack than in di- 
vorce laws. Thoughtless marriages inev- 
itably make business for the divorce courts. 
If the home and the church will do their 
duty in teaching the young, and in guarding 
them against unholy wedlock, it will great- 
ly simplify the work of our legislatures 
and courts. To the extent that we can 
succeed in ruling out false motives that so 
often enter into marriage, such as material 
gain, social position, not to mention the 
grosser passions, and permit mutual love 
between kindred spirits to be the ruling 
motive, we shall succeed in bringing mar- 
riage to its original purpose as! a fountain 
of unmixed 'blessing. 

Those who come earliest and stay latest 
at these lakeside resorts receive the great- 
est 'benefit from that quiet and restfulness 
which tired people long for. Only a few 
of the cottages on this shore are yet occu- 
pied, but in a few days more they will prob- 
ably all be opened. Garrison Park, which 
last year had but one cottage completed, 
this year has three completed and another 
approaching completion, while two or three 
others probably will be begun later in the 
season. One of the handsomest cottages 
on the shore is that just completed belong- 
ing to Dr. and Mrs. W. T. Moore. Brother 
Moore is expected in a few days, and his 
wife will follow a little later. The cottage 
approaching completion on the hilltop south 
of "The Pioneer" is that of F. P. Arthur, 
now corresponding secretary of the Mis- 
sionary Society of Michigan. The beauti- 
ful cottage adjoining us on the north is 
still awaiting an occupant, and isi the only 
available cottage in our park, though our 
neighbors on the north, the Oceana Beach 
Company, have two or three vacant cot- 
tages for rent. All these, however, will be 
occupied very soon. Many of our friends 
find accommodation at the clubhouse — an 
excellent little hotel on the beach only a 
few minutes walk from us. T. P. Haley 
and wife have engaged rooms there, we un- 
derstand, and are expected soon. Mrs. 
Agnes Hodgen and her sister, Mrs. Craig, 
our close neighbors in St. Louis, have taken 
one of the two cottages known as "The 
Heavenly Twins," on one of the highest 
summits on this shore. H. T. Morrison, 
Jr., who was recently married to Miss 
Mary Logan Coleman, of Springfield, 111., 
came over with us on the boat with his 
bride, and 1 they are quartered in a newly- 
erected cottage of their own in Campbell 
Park, north of the channel. The family of 
H. A. Denton has been located here in a 
cottage on Lake Pentwater for several 
weeks. Brother Denton has been making 
them a flying visit, and preached for the 
little congregation here last Lord's day, 
greatly to the edification and delight of all 
of us who heard him. 

Now - that the summer season is on, it 
does not follow that the work of winning 
souls should cease, but there will have to 
be a wise adaptation of means to ends in 
order to accomplish the best results. In 
many of the smaller towns and villages the 
churches will hold union services in a grove 
or park in order to get at the people. Tent 
meetings will be held in many parts of the 
country. Individual work can be done by 

the Disciples who are scattered abroad on 
their summer outings, and many can be 
reached in that way which would be inac- 
cessible by the regular services of the 
church. One can nearly always catch fish 
if he has the kind of bait that they want, 
and goes where they are. Y~esterday, while 
out on the pier, we saw literally thousands 
of fish, as if there were a mighty migration 
of the piscatorial tribes. The water was 
fairly black with them, and we supposed, 
at first, that we had a bonanza in fishing. 
But on throwing out our lines with hooks 
baited with minnows we found that they 
were wholly indifferent, and paid not the 
slightest attention to what we had to offer. 
Perhaps something else would have ap- 
pealed to them ; but we had nothing else, 
and so missed our opportunity. It is pos- 
sible, too, they were not hungry and were 
bent en sport rather than feeding, for many 
of them were leaping out of the water, as 
if they were enjoying a sort of picnic or a 
day off. People get in that mood some- 
times, and often the choicest bait of gospel 
truth which you can offer them fails to 
attract them. But neither fish nor men stay 
in that mood permanently. All men have 
their thoughtful moods — times when they 
are led by certain events to think soberly of 
life and its meaning, and of their own per- 
sonal relations to God and to their fellow- 
men. As the successful fisherman must 
have different methods of catching fish, 
suited to different times and places and con- 
ditions, so the successful church must adapt 
its methods to conditions and times and cir- 
cumstances, so that by all means, and any 
means, it may save men. 

A little later on we shall start our vesper 
services here by the lakeside, on the sand, 
known as our beach service. Many of the 
people of the village come over to these 
evening services, and many visitors, not 
accustomed to attend church at home, hear 
the old gospel songs sung at these services, 
which takes them back to childhood days, 
and recalls the memories of youth-time 
when they attended church. They listen to 
the short talks concerning Christ and His 
love for men, and many of them will catch 
a new vision of life, and will silently re- 
solve, when they return to their homes, to 
attend church, and to live better lives. In 
this way a summer resort of the kind we are 
establishing here is a co-worker with the 
church in its great mission. For some rea- 
son, men will listen to informal talks about 
religion and things eternal, under the star- 
ry dome and beside the murmuring lake, 
who at home avoid the church and the 
stated sermon as something foreign to their 
taste. Nature herself is a minister of God 
speaking, through her myriad voices, of 
God's goodness and wisdom and love. Gcd 
is not dependent upon any one means for 
winning men to His love and service, but in 
a thousand ways he is calling to men and 
appealing to the highest and best there is in 
them that they may make the most of them- 
selves, and of the life that now is. All the 
relationships and callings of life, all its ex- 
periences, whether of joy or of sorrow, all 
the beauty and sublimity of nature, and all 
the goodness we see in men, are intended 
to appeal to our higher nature, as deep an- 
swereth unto deep, and to bring our lives 
into harmony with that Supreme Will that 
lies behind all these varied phenomena. 



July 9, F'08. 

A Noble Woman, and Wife of 
our First Missionary. 

Mrs. Julia Ann Barclay 


' ' Grandma Barclay ' ' fell asleep April 
19, 1908; and had she lived until June 30, 
would have been 95 years old. She was 
more interesting and attractive prior to 
her last illness than many women thirty 
years her junior. If she had lived until 
the Centennial — and there seem- 
ed to be, until this winter, no 
reason why she should not — she 
would have been far and away 
the most interesting figure of 
that occasion, both because of 
her intimate and long relation- 
ship to the history of the move- 
ment in connection with the 
Campbell and Barclay families, 
and also because of her own re- 
markable personality. In prac- 
tically perfect bodily health and 
in almost full possession of her 
mental faculties, with some im- 
pairment of memoiy, she was 
indeed a living voice from the 
dead past. Born the very year 
in which the Brush Bun Church 
took fellowship with the Bed- 
stone Baptist Association, and 
only four years after the ap- 
pearance of the ' ' Declaration 
and Address" of Thomas Camp- 
bell, her interesting life spanned 
practically the entire historic 
period which is to be rounded 
out so fittingly in the Centen- 
nial celebration at Pittsburg in 

Mrs. Barclay was the daugh- 
ter of Captain John Colson 
Sowers, of Staunton, Virginia, 
where she was born on June 30, 
1813. She carried till death the 
stamp of refinement and rearing received 
in this cultured little town of Old Virgin- 
ia. She had the soft voice, the southern 
accent, and engaging manners of the old 
Virginia matron. Staunton is yet a sort 
of Athens to Virginia. Mary Julia Bald- 
win, niece to Mrs. Barclay, founded and 
conducted, for about forty yeais, a most 
flourishing female seminary in this same 
seat of learning, which lives to-day, a mon- 
ument to its founder and a blessing to hu- 

A part of the education of her girlhood 
days was obtained from the schools in 
Wheeling, away out west on the Ohio Riv- 
er, whither she went as a girl of thirteen 
to visit her sister, Mrs. Heiskell. Th ; s far- 
distant city was reached necessarily by the 
old stage coach that did service in those 
good old days on the Cumberland Pike. 
However, most of her training was gotten 
from the then famous Sheft'y School for 
Girls, located in her own home town. 

Mrs. Barclay married Dr. J. T. Barclay 
just before she was seventeen years old, 
and might have married him sooner but for 
the advice of older heads to the contrary. 
His people were well-to-do, and so ware 
hers. To Dr. Barclay she gave her first 
and only love. The marriage was con- 
summated in 1830 at Staunton, Va. 

Dr. Barclay's mother was widowed early 
in life, and married again to a Captain 
John Harris, a large tobacco planter, and 
lived at Viewmont, Albemarle county, Va. 
Thither the bride and groom withdrew 
after the wedding at Staunton, taking with 
them a large bridal party to spend the 
honeymoon with Dr. Barclay's mother. 
After the honeymoon was over, they re- 
paired to Charlottesville, where they set 
up housekeeping close to the home of Dr. 
Barclay 's mother, and right in the atmos- 
phere of the university from which he had 
received his education. 

Soon Dr. Barclay's eye and heart fell 
upon Monticello, which was for sale. The 
nexl year (1831) he purchased the fine es- 

tate of Thomas Jefferson and Mrs. Barclay 
became the mistress of Monticello. The 
business transaction was made with Jeffer- 
son Randolph, grandson of Thomas Jef- 
ferson. Dr. Barclay bought the beautiful 
home, with three hundred acres of land, 

"Grandma" Barclay. 

for $7,500. He paid $3,000 cash, and put 
into the trade a brick house in Charlottes- 
ville which had cost $4,500. It was en- 
tirely natural that Dr. Barclay should want 
Monticello for his home, both because of 
its intrinsic worth as an estate, and also 
on account of the long and intimate rela- 
tionship between the Barclay family and 
the name of Jefferson. Dr. Barclay's 
grandfather, Thomas Barclay, was a de- 
voted personal friend to Washington and 
Jefferson, and was sent by Washington as 
first Consul-General to France, when Jef- 
ferson was Minister to France, in 1785. 
Thomas Barclay was sent as Commissioner 
to the Emperor of Morocco to make a 
treaty of peace between Morocco and the 
United States, which treaty was concluded 
in 1786. Thomas Barclay went as first 
Consul-General to Morocco in 1791, and 
took a little ebony writing-d^sk given to 
him by Thomas Jefferson. This desk is 
yet in Mrs. Decima Barclay's possession, 
as is also the commission signed by George 
Washington, President, and Thomas Jef- 
ferson, Secretary of State. 

The estate of Thomas Jefferson has long 
been considered one of the most beautiful 
old homes in the United States. The house 
at Monticello was thirty -two years in 
building. It was begun in 1770 and fin- 
ished in 1802, and cost, all told, according 
to Jefferson's books, $7,200. The bricks 
were made on the ground, ami the nails 
were made on the place by hand, forged by 
.leffcrson's own negro boys. 

The Marquis de Chastollux. an accom- 
plished Frenchman, who visited Jefferson, 
gives a beautiful description of Monticel- 
lo in "Travels in North America." "It 
was a debt nature owed to a philosopher 
and a man of taste, that in his own pos- 
sessions he should find a spot where he 
might best study and enjoy her. He calls 
his house Monticello (in Italian, "little 
mountain"), a very modest title, for it is 
situated upon a very lofty one, but which 
announces the owner's attachment to the 

language of Italy; and above all. to the 
fine arts of which that country was the 
cradle, and is stilLthe asylum." 

Another distinguished Frenchman writes 
that Monticello "is infinitely superior to 
all other houses in America in point of 
taste and convenience, and deserves to be 
ranked with the most pleasant mansions 
in France and England." 

Dr. and Mrs. Barclay lived at Monticel- 
lo four years, from 1831 to 1835. Their 
two oldest children were born during their 
residence at this place, Robert and John, 
and both were rocked in the Jefferson cra- 
dle. Dr. Barclay took great pride in re- 
storing the serpentine walks, terraces, and 
I in planting new trees in the yard, and 
Mrs. Barclay was a model housekeeper. 
It was often said by "Jeff" Randolph, 
who was a frequent visitor at Monticello 
during their stay in his grandfather 's old 
home, that Mrs. Barclay kept the floors in 
a far more beautiful condition than they 
were kept during the lifetime of this grand- 
father. The elegant floors of beech and 
cherry she kept polished by waxing and 
dry rubbing. The old gong clock which 
Jefferson had imported from Europe had 
ceased to go, and it was inevitable that the 
mind of Dr. Barclay should accept the 
challenge as an opportunity to exploit his 
extraordinary mechanical genius. He went 
to Charlottesville, purchased about one 
hundred dollars' worth of suitable tools, 
began his work, and at length set the old 
clock a-going. According to latest re- 
ports, it is still ticking. 

Mrs. Barclay was always industrious 
I and continued to be even until the end 
came, old as she was. She was proud of 
her distinction as a good housekeeper and 
of her accomplishments with the needle. 
She often said that she was not like a 
Mrs. Carpenter of her acquaintance, whose 
husband was a pay-master in the navy. 
This Mrs. Carpenter, it seems, was so occu- 
pied with her social functions in Washing- 
ton society, that her husband 's socks suf- 
fered from lack of attention. He adopted 
the plan of throwing the worn ones into 
a barrel arranged for that purpose. When 
it became filled, he sent them to his mother 
down in Virginia to be darned. Mrs. Bar- 
clay was jealous of this distinction in her 
own home. 

Dr. and Mrs. Barclay were forced to give 
up Monticello on account of the constant 
stream of visitors. Mrs. Barclay told me 
that her mother visited Monticello during 
her residence there and advised them to 
sell and move elsewhere, saying to her: 
' ' Julia, I wouldn 't live at Monticello if 
you'd give me the place." A special serv- 
ant was detailed whose particular duty it 
was to meet and take charge of the visi- 
tors that daily presented themselves to be 
shown through the house and grounds. 
Visitors came every day to see the place 
where the immortal Jefferson had lived 
and entertained. The habit was formed in 
his day. Monticello had been for years 
the home of hospitality. One of Jeffer- 
son's granddaughters has written a de- 
scription of the daily life at Monticello. 
She says that "Visitors came of all na- 
tions, at all times, and paid longer or 
shorter visits. I have known a New Eng- 
land judge to bring a letter of introduc- 
tion to my grandfather and stay three 
weeks. The learned Abbe Correa. always 
a welcome guest, passed some weeks of 
each year with us during the whole time 
of his stay iu this country. We had per- 
sons from abroad, from all the states of 
the union, from every part of the state. 
men. women and children. In short, almost 
every day for at least eight months in the 
year brought a large number of guests. 
People of wealth, position, men of office, 

July 9, 1908. 



professional men, military and civil, law- 
yers, doctors, Protestant clergymen, Cath- 
olic priests, members of Congress, foreign 
ministers, missionaries, Indian agents, 
tourists, travelers, artists, strangers and 
friends. Some came from affection and 
respect, some from curiosity, some to give 
or receive advice or instruction, some 
from idleness, some because others set the 
example; and very varied, amusing and 
agreeable was the society afforded by this 
influx of guests. ' ' 

Bacon says that Jefferson knew that this 
great hospitality was using up all of his 
income, and more, as it actually did, but 
notwithstanding this prescience of bank- 
ruptcy, he was so kind and polite that he 
received everybody with a smile and made 
them welcome. They literally ate him out 
of house and home. They were there at 
all times of the year; but about the mid- 
dle of June, the travel would commence 
from the lower part of the state to the 
Springs, and there would be a great throng 
of visitors. 

Dr. Barclay sold Monticello in 1835 to 
Capt. Uriah P. Levy, for the modest sum 
of $7,000. They moved thence to Scotts- 
ville, Va., and afterward for a short time 
to Staunton, during the last illness of Mrs. 
Barclay's father, then at length to Wash- 
ington , D. C. It was during this stay in 
Washington that the church was begun there 
by Dr. Barclay and family — meeting first 
in his own home, then in a nearby engine 
house, and at length in the City Hall. 
Soon after leaving Monticello Dr. and 
Mrs. Barclay were seized with the desire 
to go to China as missionaries. Mrs. Bar- 
clay sent all her jewelry, including the 
ring given her by Dr. Barclay, to a Dr. 
Converse, a Presbyterian minister of Rich- 
mond, Va., and had it sold for the mis- 
sionary ^offering. They also freed their 
slaves' (before they left for Jerusalem), 
find were at this time ready to go to the 
foreign field. But the grief of his mother 
was so great, at the thought of parting 
with her only living child, that her earn- 
est remonstrance and his filial affection 
prevailed, and not until after the death of 
his mother did he carry out the great de- 
sire of his heart. 

It is a well-known fact among us that 
Dr. and Mrs. Barclay kindled the first mis- 
sionary fires within the ranks of the Dis- 
ciples. By their generosity, by his pen, 
and by their example we began to be a 
foreign missionary body. 

In October, 1848, Dr. Barclay writes, 
prior to the organization of the Mission- 
ary Society and promises pecuniary aid 
and further says: "The time has come 
when we not only may, but should and 
must attempt immediately to disseminate 
the truth as it is in Jesus among the be- 
nighted pagans, both by colporteur opera- 
tions and regular foreign missions. Would 
that I had the wealth of Croesus to conse- 
crate to this all-important enterprise! But 
of silver and gold I have little — very lit- 
tle — but I haA~e a heart to attempt what- 
ever such feeble instrumentality can be 
expected to accomplish, and should we or- 
ganize^ as a missionary body, as I trust we 
shall, and some be found in our ranks to 
1 hazard their lives ' for the purpose of de- 
claring the name of the Lord Jesus to them 
that sit in darkness and in the shadow of 
death, cheerfully will I say : ' Here am I ; 
send me. ' ' ' 

In October, 1850, Dr. Barclay and fam- 
ily started for Jerusalem. During this 
first stay in the Holy Land Dr. Barclay 
preached the Gospel to the high and low, 
healed the sick, and busied himself in col- 
lecting data for his book, "The City of 
the Great King. ' ' This book was illus- 
trated by his only daughter, Mrs. J. Augus- 
tus Johnson, a gifted artist. She was the 
only Christian of modern years who, up to 
that time, had entered the "Tomb of Da- 

vid. ' ' This she did at the risk of her life, 
to make the only picture of the tomb yet 
given to the public. 

Dr. Barclay crawled through the sewer 
underneath the "Mosque of Omar," built 
on the site of Solomon's temple, from the 
"Holv of Holies," to the "Valley of 

From a photo by Paul Moore, taken on the 
porch of Bethany Mansion, June, 1907. 

Hinnom, ' ' through which the blood of the 
sacrifices once flowed, and made accurate 
measurements of it. He also discovered 
a cave under the city of Jerusalem, from 
which, as he believed, stone had been quar- 
ried for the building of the temple, and 
where they coul 1 have been dressed with- 
out the sound of the hammer. 

Dr. Bart lay did the first printing ever 
done in the city of Jerusalem. Among his 
converts there was a Er. Zimple, a Ger- 

man naturalist of some note, whom he 
baptized in the River Jordan. He also 
baptized an American woman M. D., in the 
pool of Siloam. For several years she 
practiced medicine among the poor Arabs 
oh Mt. Olivet. Mrs. Barclay kept the home, 
looked after the children, and, much to the 
'lelight and ofttimes to the astonishment of 
\ isiting missionaries, frequently prepared 
the meals in true American style. 

Dr. and Mrs. Barclay returned to Amer- 
ica in 1854, at which time he completed 
the arrangement and, at length, the publi- 
cation of his book. In 1855 he was ap- 
pointed by the President of the United 
States to take special charge of the Phila- 
delphia mint to make experiments to pre- 
vent counterfeiting and deterioration of 
our metallic currency. In this he was so 
successful that the lower house of Con- 
gress passed a bill awarding him a gift 
of one hundred thousand dollars. This 
bill the Senate failed to endorse, by one 
vote only. 

<n 1858 Dr. and Mrs. Barclay went the 
second time to Jerusalem to renew their 
labor of love with greater zeal than ever. 
This work they continued until the out- 
break of the Civil War in America, when, 
"not to be a burden" to the brethren at 
home, he resigned, and lived for a time 
with his children at Beirut, Syria, and on 
the island of Cyprus. He finally returned 
to America in 1865, at the close of the war, 
and accepted the proffered chair of Natur- 
al Sciences in Bethany College, which po- 
sition he held until 1868. 

From Bethany Dr. and Mrs. Barclay 
went to Alabama, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his days. During these last 
years he was occupied in preaching the 
primitive gospel at Wheeler Station, his 
own home, where he and his son, Dr. J. J. 
Barclay, succeeded in establishing a 
church. Here he passed away in 1874. 
From this time on Mrs. Barclay made her 
home with her son Judson and his good 
wife, Mrs. Decima Campbell Barclay. Mrs. 
Deeima Barclay was the tenth and young- 
est daughter of Alexander Campbell, and 
had the honor of caring for both her own 
and her husband's mother. For twenty- 
five years Mrs. Campbell and Mrs. Bar- 
clay lived together at her home. Mrs. 
Campbell called Mrs. Barclay " Sister Bar- 
clay, " and Mrs. Barclay returned the com- 
pliment with "Sister Campbell." They 

Bethany Mansion, the home of Alexander Campbell. The room in 
Mrs. Barclay died is shown above the x. 

which he and 



July 9. 190>. 

were very intimate, and very attentive to 
each other. Mrs. Campbell was eleven 
years the senior of Mrs. Barclay, so Mrs. 
Barclay assumed the care of Mr. Camp- 
bell 's widow in a most natural and devoted 
manner. "What a fine friendship that was, 
and what a beautiful picture it used to be 
to see Mrs. Barclay, along between her 
seventieth and eighty-fifth years, watching 
with tender solicitude every need of the 
s'ill older matron than herself! Mrs. 
Campbell was so dependent upon her and 
so attached to her that her own daughters 
were wont to say that if all three should 
die, they believed that Mrs. Campbell 
would miss Mrs. Barclay more than she 
would miss her own children. It is said 
that on Sundays, when Mrs. Barclay would 
be at church, Mrs. Campbell would watch 
anxiously at the window for her to come 
back down the long walk under the tall 
fir trees, and would wistfully inquire if it 
were not time for "Sister Barclay" to re- 
turn from church. 

She and Mrs. Campbell moved with Mrs. 
Decima Barclay from Alabama back to 
Bethany some fifteen years ago, and lived 
here in the "Bethany mansion" until the 
end of their days. Mrs. Campbell died at 
the great age of ninety-five years. It 
seems a coincidence that Mrs. Barclay 
lived to the same ripe old age. Mrs. Bar- 
clay was entertaining and interesting up 
to the very last. Two years ago her 
grandson, Dr. Judson Barclay, brought his 
bride from Kansas to see the home-folks 
at Bethany. In the midst of the happy 
occasion accorded the bride in her presen- 
tation, "Grandma Barclay" was seated 
near her in the upper parlor, as entertain- 
ing and bright as any one, attracting as 
much attention almost as the bride herself. 

Mrs. Barclay spent the last fifteen years 
of her life at Bethany in the Bethany 
Mansion — the old home of Alexander 
Campbell, the house in which he was mar- 
ried, and from which he and his father 
both were buried. She was laid out in the 
very sheets, brought from England in 
1802', which were used at the death of 
Thomas Campbell, and also at the death 
of Alexander Campbell. 

Her son, the Hon. J.J.Barclay, married 
to Alexander Campbell's youngest daugh- 
ter, is the only child that survives her. 
They live in the old home at Bethany. 

Mrs. Barclay was a queen among women, 
the center of any group in which she was 
placed, and a woman of remarkable sense 
and refinement. She read all the church 
papers week by week, and waited every 
day, with interest far younger than her 
years, for her turn at the daily newspaper. 

Everybody loved her. The students at 
the College counted it a great privilege, 
when they went to the Bethany Mansion, 
to have a visit and a word with ' ' Grand- 
ma Barclay." I have known the servants 
of the house to vie with one another for 
the privilege of serving in her room. To 
them, she was akin to royalty. She was 
generosity itself. She not only gave away 
her jewelry and slaves in her younger days, 
but on leaving Jerusalem gave her trunks 
of household linen to the converted Jews, 
and until her dying day she was constant- 
ly giving something to somebody. She 
often gave away the very clothes that the 
members of the family thought she should 
keep for herself. 

It was beautiful to hear her talk of her 
religion. Her father's people were Pres- 
byterians. When she became a Disciple 
he was so distressed that he offered her a 
large and valuable farm in the Valley of 
Virginia, if she would return to the Pres- 
byterian ranks. Nobody could fail to be 
impressed with the sincerity and beauty 
of her devotion, when she talked of the 
' ' pure truth of heaven, ' ' or referred back 
to the time when "the light of heaven" 
shone in her heart. These were favored 
moments to her company. When she spoke 

thus, and her good old face kindled with 
-the immortal glow, it was good to be near 

We so often speak of the "grand old 
man, " " God 's gentleman. " "a man 
among men," etc., that it is entirely fit- 
Ting To think and speak of her as "God's 
noble woman." She had royal blood in 

Promoting the 

By W. R. Warren, 

According to the proverb "it is the unex- 
pected that happens"; but as a matter of 
fact it is the expected that happens. The 
church expects a reaction after the revival, 
and it comes. The preacher expects most of 
the people to stay away from prayer-meet 
ing, and they refuse to disappoint him. The 
members go to church expecting a dull ser- 
mon, and they get it. At this season of the 
year preacher, superintendent, teachers and 
everybody else unite in expecting a summer 
slump in the Bible school. In most places it 
nas already put in an appearance. 

Nine times out of ten the only reason for 
this annual depression in the Bible school is 
simply this expectation. Only a few of the 
members are away for vacation at any one 
time, and most of these can easily be induced 
to attena the Bible school where they are 
visiting. Their number can also be more 
than balanced by an extra attendance of 

her veins, whether her ancestors wore 
jewelled crowns, or lived in humble estate. 
Nature had so mixed up the elements in 
her that she was woman complete. The fine 
forces disengaged from her personality 
must count for good, and count for eter- 
nity. God bless her memory! 
Bethany, IV. 7a. 

Summer Slump 

Centennial Secretary. 

aged persons and invalids who are shut in at 
other seasons. 

The summer is just the time when the 
largest number of persons can be brought 
together for any purpose. It is the time of 
big conventions, both political and religious. 
It is the time of picnics, social, religious and 
commercial. Hundreds of Bible schools ha^ e 
demonstrated that it is the best season in 
which to build up and double attendance. 

Plan for improvement, talk of growth, ex- 
pect an increase, enter into a summer con- 
test with a neighboring school, hold an out- 
of-door session, utilize the interest aroused 
by your annual picnic, join the seven schools 
that have reached the Centennial aim dv 
making their Bible school enrollment twice 
the- church enrollment. "All the church and 
as many more in the Bible school" is the 
Centennial aim. Make it your watchword for 
the summer of 1908. 

Waiting Sixty=Three Years for the Harvest 

By William Oeschger. 

To the end that some one may be encour- 
aged to continue to sow the good seed of the 
Kingdom, even though there is no visible 
promise of an immediate harvest, this little 
incident is related. Some years ago the 
writer was sent for by an aged citizen in 
the community who was hardly ever known to 
step into a church. The writer was greatly 
surprised at the request, for the certain per- 
son in question never attended the writer's 
church services; neither was he known to at- 
tend any other. He was a man of the world. 
He was chiefly interested in making money 
and living for the pleasures of the world. 
When the writer called he found him ill and 
quite feeble. He had not been with him 
long until he made the discovery that he was 
much interested in his own salvation. He 
soon made it known that what he wanted was 
to confess Christ and be buried with him in 
Christian baptism. Now, the thing that puz- 
zled the writer was, what was it that made 
this aged pilgrim so set in his determination 
to be baptized? He had lived in the neigh- 
borhood in wnich he was then living for more 
than sixty years. During all this time he had 
been surrounded by members of the Metho- 
dist, Congregational and Presbyterian 
churches. His own wife was a member of 
the Methodist church. When he informed 
his family that he wanted to be immersed, 
they raised all kinds of objections. But he 
could not be turned from his purpose. As 
soon as arrangements could be made for his 
immersion the writer baptized him in a near- 
by stream. After his baptism the writer re- 
quested him to relate what it was that in- 
duced him to take this step. With trembling 
voice he related that sixty-three years ago he 
had heard Alexander Campbell preach a ser- 
mon in Washington, Pa. He felt at the 
time that he ought to obey the Gospel, but for 
some reason failed to respond to the invita- 
tion. A few days after he heard Mr. Camp- 
bell preach he left Pennsylvania to make his 
home in the West. But that sermon never 
left him. Its truth continued to haunt him. 
For more than half a century he carried its 
truth in his heart. He could not dismiss it. 
Though the seed thus sown remained dor- 
mant for so long a season, it finally germ- 
inated and brought forth a harvest. The 
harvest came sixty-three years after the sow- 
ing. Mr. Campbell went to his reward, but 
the seed sown by him bore fruit long after 

his death. Surely, the Word of God abideth 
forever. Let us never weary in our sowing. 
God will take care of the seed. Let us never 
be discouraged, even though we should not 
see the harvest in our own lifetime. 

And Increased Salary as a Result of Eat- 
ing Right Food. 

There is not only comfort in eating food 
that nourishes brain and body out some- 
times it helps a lot in increasing one's 

A Kan. school teacher tells an interest- 
ing experience. She says: 

' ' About two years ago I was extremely 
miserable from a nervousness that had been 
coming on for some time. Any 6udden 
noise was actually painful to me* and my 
nights were made miserable by horrible 

"I was losing flesh all the time and at 
last was obliged to give up the school I was 
teaching and go home. 

' ' Mother put me to bed and sent for the 
doctor. I was so nervous the cotton sheets 
gave me a chill and they put me in woolens. 
The medicine I took did me no apparent 
good. Finally, a neighbor suggested that 
Grape-Nuts might be good for me to eat. 
I had never heard of this food, but the 
name sounded good so I decided to try it. 

"I began to eat Grape-Nuts and soon 
found my reserve erergy growing so that 
in a short time 1 was rilling a better posi- 
tion and drawing a larger salary than I had 
ever doue before. 

"As I see little children playing around 
me and enter into their games I wonder if 
1 am the same teacher of whom, two years 
ago, the children spoke as ' ugly old thing. ' 

"Grape-Nuts food with cream has be- 
come a regular part of my diet, and I have 
not been sifik a day hi the past two years." 
' ' There 's a Keason. ' ' 

Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, 
Mich. Read, "The Road to Wellville, " in 

Ever read the above letter? A new one 
appears from time to time. They are 
genuine, true, and full of human in- 

July 9, 1908. 



Ten Knickerbocker Parsons By wiiiiam Durban 

On the eve of departing for England, 
1 will undertake the task of reciting some 
of my recent experiences during this visit 
to America. These are personal experiences, 
for they, relate of my conversations with 
various ministeis with whom I have talked 
during the past few weeks — all eminent 
preachers in New York. As I write I am 
in Washington, which wears the same grand- 
iose and pompous aspect as when 1 first 
saw it nine years since. And because of 
a certain personality still resident at the 
White House, I chose all the more readily 
to use the word ' ' Knickerbocker ' ' in the 
caption of this article. For the wonder- 
ful President whom most all Americans ap- 
pear to covet in continuity if he would have 
considered self first and .country afterwards, 
reminds one in his name of the stock of 
New Amsterdam, of the Dutchmen who 
planted that persistent stock on. Manhattan, 
and of the splendid influence which blended 
with Saxonism to constitute the germinal 
elements of real national greatness. I am 
old-fashioned, notwithstanding my radical- 
ism as a British Progressive Liberal. I love 
dear little Holland, though it is suggestive 
of quaint and gaudy tulips rather than of 
fragrant roses, and though the Zuyder Zee 
Scheveninger bring up memories of stiff 
and stubborn outlines of dyke-dams, of 
dunes, and of Dutch sturdiness as it persists 
to this hour. Holland has forever taught 
mankind that a little nation of men and 
women who fear God and fight priestcraft, 
may save the world. It seems to me that 
an American gentleman was right win said 
to me the other day, "Yes, this is a great 
country indeed, but its greatness alone can 
not save it from the fate that has overtaken 
other great nations. ' ' I understood his 
implication and applied his admonition to 
the British Empire as well as to this great 
Kepublic. Now for my ten Knickerbocker 
parsons, whom 1 name thus because they are 
either in Manhattan or in its environment. 

In Greater New York are nearly five mil- 
lions of human beings'. My ten clergymen 
have dwelt on the conditions in which they 
are toiling among these. As they belong 
to various denominations their talk cov- 
ered the whole ground. 1 went one morning 
to see Dr. Junius Eemensnyder. Now, this 
gentleman is of a peculiarly persistent type 
and of a very noble dype, too, for he is a 
leading Lutheran — eloquent, learned, popu- 
lar, experienced, and conservative. He took 
me from his study into his beautiful church 
adjoining his parsonage — a fashionable 
sanctuary ' ' up town. ' ' Thus I quickly dis- 
covered that Luther's grand old reforming 
program of faith is the creed of a multi- 
tude of cultured and respectable citizens to- 
day, in the very position where modern de- 
velopments might be supposed to have swept 
it away. C, Eemensnyder told me how 
mightily the Lutheran communion is increas- 
ing in America. He claims that it is grow- 
ing faster than any other denomination. 
Of course, immigration has much to do with 
this increment, but he maintains that his 
own and other Lutheran churches in the 
United States are being immensely strength- 
ened by the reaction from reckless criticism 
and destructionism. 

Another day 1 called by appointment on 
Dr. Huntington, the famous rector of the 
celebrated Grace Church, Broadway, one of 
the most beautiful edifices in the great citv. 
I shall not soon forget this venerable and 
delightful Episcopalian 's talks. He is the 
author of the memorable proposal for Chris-. 
tian Beunion known as the ' ' Lambeth 
Quadrilateral, ' ' and now that the Pan- 
Anglican Congress is being held in London 
he had much to say on the topic. But Grace 
Church is the scene of a magnificent system 
of ecclesiastical sociology. It is a people's 
church, a center of complex institutionalism. 

A great cluster of buildings on three sides 
of it comprehends a college for thirty choir 
boys, a restaurant for working girls which 
1 saw crowded, a great nursery for little 
children whose mothers are at daily work, 
a school for about a hundred older girls, a 
fine electrical plant for all the buildings, 
this church being the only one on earth 
which makes its own electricity, and an an- 
nex to the rectory for accommodating the 
curates. Also Grace Church carries on a 
great East Side Settlement amongst the 
poor. I should add that in one of the 
Broadway buildings is a chapel where a 
Spanish Evangelical Church worships with 
a Spanish pastor supported by Grace Church. 
The Episcopalians of New York are a great, 
wealthy and beneficent community. 

To interview a famous Baptist was the 
work of another day. This was Dr. Mac- 
Arthur, who gave up a long morning for me. 
His claim is that the scene of his preach- 
ing is the most beautiful Baptist church in 
America. I think that it may be unrivalled. 
But the man is unique also. He gave me 
a vivid account of his ministry, ' ' I began 
here and I shali finish here,'' said he. Con- 
cerning the American Baptists, he spoke in 
enthusiastic terms as to their astonishing 
progress, and he furnished statistics which 
prove that they are marching en with leaps 
and bounds. 1 spent another morning with 
my kind old friend Dr. Aked, who has been 
recently causing a sensation by a sermon 
on a somewhat different view of the out- 
look. He has in elotment admonitions voiced 
a warning to all the churches because or- 
ganized ecclesiastical Christianity is s'eadi- 
ij losing ground. But he was misrepre- 
sented as having declared that Christianity 
was waning through the world. He told me 
he had said nothing of the kind, and he has 
published the sermon in extenso. His crit- 
icisms relate to the churches, not to Chris- 
tianity itself. 

Dr. Gooded. who is perhaps the most pop- 
ular Methodist preacher in New York, and 
is said to preach regularly to the largest 
audience in the city, next entertained me. 
He dwelt on the secrets of his success, and 
I was forcibly reminded of the style in 
which the late C. H. Spurgeon usee! to des- 
cant on his methoels. Dr. Goodell narrowly 
escaped at the recent convention the pro- 
cess episcopari. He will inevitably become 
a bishop of the Episcopal Methodist Church. 
He explained to me that he had for some 
years abandoned the use of manuscript in 
the pulpit, speaking to the people from 
heart to heart. With him I find. r« 'n 
other cases where success crowns a preacher, 
a winning and magnetic personality is a 
leading factor in the case. 

Not soon shall I forget my talk at the 
most important of Dutch Reformed churches, 
with its famous pastor, Dr. Burrell. This 
versatile and genial minister had just come 
back from a little trout-fishing excursion. 
He is also a unique personality. Thf ten 
men of whom I am writing are all dissim- 
ilar individualities. Not one of them takes 
any cue from any other living' being : each 
is purely sui generis. Dr. Burrell writes a 
new book every year. I knew -that, for 1 
possess and read his books, which teem and 
glow with illustrations and recitals of ex- 
perience. He is, like Dr. Joseph Parker, a 
preacher first and last, and the people flock 
round him. His sermons as pointed read 
easily, but he elaborates them with immense 
care and pains. The pastoral work he or- 
ganizes by using three capable assistants 
and the results are very valuable. Again 
I was reminded of Spurgeon, who preached 
and organized and so ran on a double line 
of rails with mighty speed and wonderful 
efficiency. [An article by Dr. Burrell ap- 
peared in The Christian-Evangelist last 
week. — Editor.] 

Dr. Parkhurst, forever honored as the 

conqueror of Tammany, received me at lis 
house where I had sat listening in the same 
room nine years before to his recital of 
his conflict with that "Wigwam Tiger.'" 
He was preparing to start for Europe, but 
spared me an hour, during which he dwelt 
feelingly on his career. He asked me to 
advise young aspirants to the ministry not 
to take regular preaching too soon. He did 
not commence till after his thirtieth year, 
and has ever since been thankful for his 
previous long experience and study. Next 
Dr. Hillis talked awhile with me. * My fre- 
quent intercourse with this eloquent Con- 
gregationalist has endeared him to me. He 
also was on the eve of leaving for Europe, 
to preach both in Paris and London. His 
mind has just been severely exercised by 
the demonstration at Carnegie Hall of the 
Christian Socialist Fellowship, and he 
preached a sermon on the "Foes of Our 
Country," m which he pointed out how at 
that vast gathering at which many minis- 
ters attended on the platform, the talk be- 
fore the proceedings were over generated 
into the accent of revolutionary anarchism. 
That sermon appears in the ' ' Brooklyn Daily 
Eagle, ' ' and should be studied by all preach- 

On Christian Sociology I enjoyed a talk 

Husband Finally Convinced. 

Some men are wise enough to try new 
foods and beverages and then generous 
enough to give others the benefit of their 

A very "conservative" Ills, man, how- 
ever, let his good wife find out for herself 
what a blessing Postum is to those who are 
distressed in many ways, by drinking coffee. 
The wife writes: 

' ' No slave in chains, it seemed to me, 
was more helpless than I, a coffee captive. 
Yet there were innumerable warnings — 
waking from a troubled sleep with a reeling 
of suffocation, at times dizzy and out of 
breath, attacks of palpitation of the heart 
that frightened me. 

' ' Common sense, reason, and my better 
judgment told me that coffee drinidng was 
the trouble. At last my nervous system was 
so disarranged that my physician ordered 
' no more coffee. ' 

' ' He knew he was right and he knew I 
knew it, too. I capitulated. Prior to this 
our family had tried Postum but disliked 
it, because, as we learned later, it was not 
made right. 

' ' Determined this time to give Postum 
a fair trial, I prepared it according to di- 
rections on the pkg. — that is, boiled it 15 
minutes after boiling commenced, obtain- 
ing a dark brown liquid with a rich snappy 
flavor similar to coffee. When cream and 
sugar were added, it was not only good but 

"Noting its beneficial effects in me the 
rest of the family adopted it — all except 
my husband, who would not admit that 
coffee hurt him. Several weeks elapsed 
during which I drank Postum two or three 
times a day when, to my surprise, my hus- 
band said : ' I have decided to drink Pos- 
tum. Your improvement is so apparent — 
you have such fine color — that I propose 
to give credit where credit is due.' And 
now we are coffee-slaves no longer." 

Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, 
Mich. Bead "The Eoad to Wellville," in 
pkgs. ' ' There 's a Eeason. ' ' 

Ever read the above letter? A new one 
appears from time to time. They are 
genuine, true, and full of human in- 



july 9, lyos. 

with Dr. Bliss, who has for some years been 
investigating conditions with definite results 
embodied in a great volume just issued, a 
Cyclopaedia of Sociology. This monumen- 
tal work is indispensable to the preacher, 
and as Dr. Bliss is an experienced and emi- 
nent minister, the volume is compiled un- 
der genuine Christian auspices. He takes 
an optimistic view of the religious and so- 
cial outlook. 

Last, not least, was my entertainment at 
their residence by Dr. S. T. Willis and his 

admirable wife. Brother and Sister Willis 
are always to me amongst the chief attrac- 
tions of New York. From them I learn 
always the status of the Disciples of Christ 
in Greater New York. The outlook is very 
encouraging, but the work is almost as diffi- 
cult as in England. We are constantly 
being told that New York is not America, 
but it certainly is the real key to America, 
and success there must react on all Amer- 
ica. Dr. Willis has been and is a hero. 
He has for nineteen years stuck to his post, 

has seen the cause grow, has led his peo- 
ple on, has built a beautiful new sanctuary 
in a beautiful district, and confessed to me 
that the strain had at one time almost cost 
him his life. Dr. and Mrs. Willis are 
amongst the finest incarnations I know 
of the doctrine of "conservation of 
values. ' ' May they and I be spared to 
meet again. And now the Mauretania sails 
in a few hours, and I must say once again 
farewell, but not finally farewell, to 

Increase of the Ministry 

The report of the committee on increase 
of the ministry in Missouri was prepared 
for the convention by J. P. Pinkerton. It 
was a very fine document, going into the 
situation in much detail. It began by 
mentioning the note of alarm sounded by 
the committee on the ' ' state of the 
cause" at the Sedalia convention last year. 

The special committee then appointed, of 
which Brother Pinkerton was chairman, 
realized the seriousness of the problem and 
sought first to diagnose the case. It 
found that many other religious bodies are 
suffering from the same trouble. The 
Presbyterians in Missouri needed forty 
more preachers last October, while in thir- 
ty of their theological seminaries it was 
reported that there were 400 men less to- 
day as students for their ministry, com- 
pared with ten years ago. This, despite 
the fact that the population of the coun- 
try has increased 8,000,000 and the mem- 
bership of the church 300,000. Methodists 
and Congregationalists, likewise, lament 
the decrease of ministerial students. Aft- 
er careful investigation the committee 
came to the conclusion that first in its in- 
fluence on the minds of young men is the 
inadequate support of the ministry. It 
was stated in the Congregational council 
that the allurements of the commercial life 
and fear of the dead line are the reasons 
of the alarming decrease in the number of 
young men entering the ministry. In- 
creased pay for the ministers, it was 
urged, was the only solution. The commit- 
tee quoted from an article by Cephas 
Shelburne in The Christian-Evangelist in 
1904, in which it was pointed out that 
while the cost of living to-day is 36 per 
cent higher than for the year 1904, and 
wages in nearly all lines of work have been 
increased, the salaries of preachers have 
not increased to meet the demand upon 
their pocketbooks. 

At a Methodist conference in Indiana 
the bishop said: "If you want more men 
and bettei preaching you must pay better 
salaries and put up more money. ' ' The 
committee quoted from an article in The 
Christian-Evangelist by the Hon. Champ 
Clark, in which he pointed out that the 
ministers need money as well as other men. 
Among his large acquaintance with min- 
isters he did not know of one that was 
extravagant. Yet, not one in ten owns 
his own home or is able to lay up a dollar 
for the accidents of the future. Mr. Clark 
made a very strong appeal for us to live 
up to the scriptural doctrine that the la- 
borer is worthy of his hire, and thus pre- 
A'ent the future pulpit being turned over 
to dullards. "And so," says the report, 
"we could go on quoting from addresses, 
articles and personal interviews." And 
it adds to this that the fact that the ministry 
is underpaid is a mighty cause in deter- 
ring men from devoting themselves to it. 

A second cause is the "dread of the 
dead line." Experience and reason teach 
that a well-balanced man is stronger, espe- 
cially for intellectual work, at middle life 
than at any other period. And no man 
is willing to choose a vocation the exer- 
cise of which is beset bv so manv contin- 

gencies, not the least of which is that they 
may be compelled to retire long before de- 
cline or abatement of mental and physical 
powers, well knowing there are other learned 
professions in which age and experience 
are a badge of ripened powers, mature 
thought and increased ability. The preach- 
er 's heart may beat strong and hopefully, 
but a white head, in many cases, will beat 
him out of the pulpit. This fear of re- 
tirement by loss of mental and physical 
powers is intensified by the fact that after 
a man serves as a minister of the gospel 
for many years, he is practically disquali- 
fied for any other profession or vocation. 
It is pathetic to witness a preacher of 
power who has held high places and per- 
formed successful work, trying to eke out 
a precarious living in some secular call- 
ing, when he is yet capable of serving 


A Twilight Meditation. 

Eend low thy wing, oh, star, 
And bear me hence, afar, 
To home and love and rest, 
Among the sainted blest. 

How swift thou speed 'st along, 

Trilling thy even-song; 

Trailing thy robe of light 

Into the silent night! 

Now hid by cloudy veil, 

Lost is thy golden trail; 

Amid the dark and gloom 

Lcne is thy way, but soon 

Forth from grey deeps thou glidest, 

Into the blue thou ridest. 

Unquenched, undimmed, thy light, 

Illumes the silent night; 

And on thy 'splendent way, 

Thou movest toward the day, 

As rides a ship o'er sea, 

Fearless and strong and free! 

Oh, soul, keep thou thy light, 
As stars the starless night; 
Somewhere the gleam and glow, 
Engild the earth below. 
Press on thro' storm and strife, 
And stress of mortal life; 
Hope's star presages dawn, 
Heaven opens with the mom! 

Mettie Crane Newton. 
New York City. 

Jesus Christ as a preacher of the everlast- 
ing gospel. 

The third cause is the uncertainty of 
the tenure of pastorates. The young man 
considering what he shall do in life sees 
lawyers, doctors, farmers, merchants, 
starting their business and settling down 
in a given locality and continuing until 
they choose to retire or change of their 
own accord. Not so the minister. He is 
subject to the meanness of littleness and 
the caprice of ignorance. 

The fourth reason is the inadequate pro- 
vision made to assist young men to pro- 
cure the necessary education. The cur- 
riculum to-day for the preacher who would 
be abreast of the times embraces far more 
than it did a few years ago. A large ma- 
jority of (he j'Oiuig men entering the min- 

istry are from the poorer famibes, and they 
have to maintain themselves during the 
time of preparation. For many it is a 
hopeless task, unless they have timelv and 
wise assistance. 

Considering some of the remedies for 
these sad conditions, the committee (1) 
asked the question whether we realized 
that God will be the loser if the human 
gram is left ungathered. (2) The matter 
of ministerial supply should be pressed 
upon the conscience of parents. A preach- 
er recently made the startling statement 
m his pulpit, that should any consider- 
able number of young men of the com- 
munity announce to their parents that thev 
had decided to become preachers, it would 
create consternation, arouse bitter oppo- 
sition and lead, in some instances, to dis- 
inheritance. Not merely the wealthv, but 
the poor also, dissuade their children from 
the ministerial career. A third suggestion 
was that the churches be stirred and bsted 
in the cause. It ought to be a cause for 
shame that not one preacher has ever gone 
from the ranks of a congregation. Every 
congregation alive to its privileges and 
responsibilities should feel it a sacred duty 
as well as a high honor to send forth an 
ambassador for Jesus Christ from its fel- 
lowship. A fourth suggestion was that 
the need should be pressed home to the 
hearts of young men themselves. Under 
this head the committee report quoted 
The Christian - Evangelist's editorial. 
"Why More Young Men Are Not Enter- 
ing the Ministry." 

Voices of the Dead. 

Dr. Orville Dewey once said: "The 
world is full of the voices of the dead.'* 
Did you ever listen to the voice of a de- 
parted human being? No, you will not 
hear it in the cemetery. Not even the voice 
of love can provoke the silent dust. Nei- 
ther will it pay you to waste time and 
money in visiting the so-called spiritual- 
istic seances. Nothing has come out of 
such assemblies to make the hungry soul 
wiser or better. 

But listen to the rustle of the tree and 
hear the voice of the one who set out the 
sapling years ago. Look upon the old 
homestead and see the lives of loved ones, 
written everywhere. Or else go to the 
house of God and hear once more the 
voices of those who toiled, in season and 
out of season, to bring perishing souls to 

Or, perhaps, alas for some, you must 
listen to the cursing of lips that were not 
taught to pray, or to the click of the in- 
toxieatiug glass that exists because of the 
greed or cowardice of those who have gone 
to share the doom of him who puts the bot- 
tle to his neighbor 's lips. 

You can scarcely hear or see anything 
in all this world that does not tell a story 
of dead men 's lives. And more important 
to us is the fact that our own lives will 
speak long after our tongues are silent in 
the grave. What voices, think you, will 
those who come after hear from us? 

rhrichsviUc, O. Charles Darsie. 

July 9, 1908. 



— Summer is here. 

—"Fret not thyself." 

— We received the next installment of 
6 *" Down in Old Missouri ' ' too late for print- 
lag in this issue. 

— Every one should read Professor Philip 
Johnson's fine account of dear old "Grand- 
ma" Barclay, one of the remarkable women 
of our country and intimately associated 
with our religious movement. 

—For an editorial comment on Brother 
Carpenter 's communication in ' ' Our Fo- 
rum," see " Notes and Comments." 

— Anent the circulars in relation to the 
Evangelistic Congress at Bethany Park, re- 
cently mentioned in The Christian-Evan- 
gelist, W. E. M. Hackleman, who is a mem- 
ber ©f the board of Bethany Assembly, 
writes: "I ean assure you that our board is 
not a party to such procedure as those quo- 
tations indicate." Certainly not, knowing- 
ly. And yet the prestige of the Bethany 
Assembly is evidently being vised in behalf 
of an enterprise that, by its circulars, is 
shown to be an opposition movement to ex- 
isting organizations. Now that this fact is 
apparent, it remains to be seen what action 
tie assembly board of managers will take. 

— The Editor wishes to thank all the col- 
lege men for their contributions to our edu- 
cation number, and especially President 
Bates, of Hiram College, for his excellent 
statement of the work of a Christian col- 
lege. Conducted in that spirit and with 
that aim, our colleges ought never to lack 
for students or endowment. Let the 
* 4 whirlwind campaign" for college endow- 
Enesst be organized. 

♦ ♦ •$• 

— F. M. Lindenmeyer has accepted the 
weirk for half time at Baxter, la. 

— Wallace M. Stuckey and his daughter 
are in a promising meeting at Mertens, 

— L. E. Sellers has resigned at Terre 
Kaute, Ind., to enter upon evangelistic 
work September 1. 

— L. BL Otto preached the baccalaureate 
sermon to a large class of high school grad- 
uates at Ottumwa, la. 

— E. L. Powell has sailed for Europe, to 
be gone until September 1. We regret to 
hear he is not at all strong. 

— The Brooks brothers, with J. Wallace 
Tapp, are in a revival at Olean, Mo., after 
SEhlefa they go to Bethany Park. 

— The Third Sunday-school, Philadel- 
phia, Pa., apportioned $250, sent an offer- 
ing of $319.69 to the foreign work. 

— The Third District missionary conven- 
tion of Nebraska met in Ashland. S. D. 
SDntefeer, of Omaha, was the president. 

— Edward Clutter is to hold a meeting 
at Latham, Kan., beginning July 19. The 
cfousreh there is making good preparation. 

— J. B. Boen has received tokens of ap- 
preciation from the membership at Waxa- 
iwiehie, Tex., where he recently took up the 

— The International Sunday-School As- 
sociation met at Fremont, Neb., where 
L H. Fuller is minister of the Christian 

— R. E. McKnight has, we notice, 
closed his pastorate in San Francisco and 
entered upon eharge of the church at Gil- 
roy, CaL 

— The Bible school at Lebanon, Mo., has 
a teacher training class of twenty-four al- 
ready started. Edwin L. Ely, the pastor, is 

— Any church within reasonable distance 
of St. Louis needing supply work on Lord's 
days during the summer may communicate 
with The Christian-Evangelist. 

— At Clarion, la., an indebtedness of over 
$1,200 has been paid off, while improve- 

ments have been added to the church prop- 
erty. H. C. Littleton is the minister. 

— A new house of worship was to be 
dedicated at Newton Falls, Ohio, June 21, 
with F. M. Rains as speaker of the day. J. 
C. Archer has charge of the work there. 

— The receipts of the Foreign Society 
for the month of June amounted to $42,- 
035, a loss of $17,808 as compared with 
the corresponding month one year ago. 

— The Harvard summer school of theolo- 
gy meets July 1-18 of this year, the sub- 
ject being Comparative Beligion. Some of 
the ablest men in the country are lectur- 

— W. D. Endres, who took the A. M. 
degree at Chicago last month, will preach 
for the church at Harvey, 111., living there 
and continuing some studies in the univer- 

— John Grimes, of Drake University, has 
been called to take charge of the work at 
Tarkio, Mo., which pulpit was vacated by 
C. G. Brelos moving to Texas the first of 
the year. 

— The church property at Stanhope, la., 
has been improved by the laying of cement 
walks. The work goes along well under 
John I. Nicholson, who has been in demand 
for special memorial and other addresses. 

— Prof. W. C. Payne recently attended 
the Y. M. C. A. conference of college stu- 
dents at Cascade, Colo., and gave instruc- 
tion on the "Life of Paul." This con- 
ference is attended by about 400 students. 

— The work is in excellent condition at 
La Fontaine, Ind., where A. L. Martin is 
pastor. We have not heard the average 
attendance of the school for June, but on 
one Sunday it was 196, as against 177 for 

— It is very gratifying to know that, 
aside from the Methodist Sunday-school in 
America, the Disciples of Christ give the 
largest amount for foreign missions 
through the Sunday-schools of any reli- 
gious body. 

— J. H. Bryan is now associated with J. 
H. Hardin in the Bible school work of Mis- 
souri. Brother Bryan was formerly in the 
state work in the same cause in Iowa. He 
is a Missouri boy and will, we feel sure, do 
good service. 

— One hundred and eighty-eight individ- 
uals sent offerings to the Foreign Society 
during the month of June, a gain of fifty- 
two over the corresponding month last 
year. These offerings amount to $1,429, a 
gain of $454. 

— R. H. Sawyer, of Carrollton, Mo., has 
just given a stereopticon lecture on "Ben 
Hur " to an audience that filled his church 
to overflowing on Sunday evening. Brother 
Sawyer has a collection of more than a thou- 
sand slides on various subjects. 

— George L. Snively preached in his old 
home church at Cuba, 111., last Lord's day, 
where the church, under A. Immanuel Zeller. 
is enjoying a prosperity such as it has never 
had before. Brother Snively, his father and 
his sister, were all born in the same room 
there and baptized in the same baptistry. 

— The work at Wayland, Mich., moves 
along apace. There is both growth in the 
membership and in the Bible school. There 
is a teacher training class of fourteen. A. 
±i. Soay is the superintendent. Improve- 
ments to the extent of $500 have just been 
put on the building. 

— Dr. Hiram Van Kirk, late dean of the 
Berkeley Bible Seminary, at Berkeley, CaL, 
but who, with his wife, has been spending 
a few months at Marburg, Germany, has 
been appointed lecturer on systematic theol- 
ogy in the Yale Divinity School for the com- 
ing year. They will travel in August and re- 
turn to this country in September. 

— David H. Shields has been called for 
the twelfth year, with another advance in 

salary, by his church in Salina, Kan. By 
the way, we see that this popular preacher 
has just been doctored, the Kansas Wesleyan 
University at its recent commencement hav- 
ing conferred upon him the degree of Doctor 
of Divinity. 

- — O. L. Adams takes a month 's vacation 
at Akron, la., after more than five months' 
continuous revival work. At his recent 
meeting at Westmoreland, Kan., while 
there were only two baptisms among those 
added, these were the first in over five 
years, for the church had been without 
preaching for four years. 

— By his meeting at Sparta, Mo., E. H. 
Williamson is able to have a salary of $600 
assured for a minister. The Bible school 
was doubled, as well as the church member- 
ship. There are three churches in this town 
of 350 inhabitants. Brother Williamson is 
the living link evangelist of the South 
Street Church at Springfield, Mo. 

— The brethren at Chapmansville, W. Va., 
are feeling good over the dedication of a 
new church building by J. Green McNeely, 
who was assisted by Brethren Crites, Pearce 
and W. Garrett. The attendance was good 
and money was raised to cover all the debt. 
Brother McNeely is to dedicate the new 
house at Griffithsville, in the same state, 
July 19. 

— Earle Wilfley is to be pastor of Cue First 
Christian Church, St. Louis. He an- 
nounced his resignation at Crawfordsville. 
Ind., last Lord's day, and his acceptance of 
the St. Louis pastorate was announced at 
the same time to the congregation there. 
Mr. Wilfley is expected to make the change 
not later than October. W. Daviess Pitt- 
man will supply the pulpit of the First 
Church during the summer. 

— Dr. Boyal J. Dye sent the following 
telegram to the office of the Foreign So- 
ciety from Seattle, Wash. : ' ' Queen Anne 
and First Churches became living links. 
Great rejoicing." This means that the 
new church on Queen Anne Hill, Seattle, 
becomes a living link in the Foreign So- 
ciety. The First Church supported its 
own missionary last year. 

— Information reaches us of the marriage 
of S. P. Spiegel, state evangelist of Ala- 
bama, and Miss E. Settle, organist of the 
Christian church at Owenton, Ky., at the 
home of W. J. Clark, our minister at Sparta, 
Ky., on June 5. The wedding came some- 
what as a surprise to the many friends, but 
that did not prevent the newly-weds from 
being showered with congratulations. 

— J. E. Wolfe, who for a brief period 
was one of the state evangelists of Mis- 
souri, has, we understand, located with the 
church at Weston for full time and is now 
settled in the minister's home there. He 
was greeted in a way that good-hearted 
people like to greet the minister they love, 
and there was an abundance of things for 
kitchen and other parts of the house pro- 

— The National Benevolent Association 
was recently favored with two more good 
annuities. One of these brings the invest- 
ment of the donor up to $2,000. He is not 
a man of large purse, and does not desire 
his name to be made public. The other an- 
nuity is for $4,500 from a man and his 
wife who desire to benefit aged and de- 
pendent Disciples, the preference in their 
gift being for ministers and their wives. 
This name, too, is withheld. 

— C. A. Poison has been a year with the 
church at Exira, la., during which time 
the attendance and interest in all the de- 
partments has doubled. Men who have 
not attended church for years have be- 
come regular attendants. Brother I'jlson's 
work has been so appreciated that he has 
been invited to stay at an increase of sal- 
ary. B. J. Gallagher, city superintendent 
of the schools, writes us that he "wears 
well, and the longer he has been here the 
better he is liked by every one. ' ' 



July 9, li»u8. 

— The next quarterly meeting of the Dis- 
ciples of Cleveland and vicinity will be held 
at Bedford, Monday, July 13. Sermon at 
10:30 a. m. by Geo. Darsie, of Akron, din- 
ner at the church. In the afternoon the 
C. W. B. M. of the district will have the 
program. A large attendance is expected. 

— Arrangements have been made so that 
A. A. Doak, late of Oakesdale, is to take the 
work at Colfax, Wash. This is the county 
seat of Whitman County. W. J. Wright, 
we understand, urged the State Board to 
see that a capable leader should be sus- 
tained in this important center. Brother 
Doak accepted the work on the understand- 
ing that he can hold three meetings of three 
weeks each during the year. Those wishing 
his services should address him at once. 

— D. H. Carrick, who has been a member 
and preacher among the Congregationalists, 
was recently received into the fellowship of 
oun church at Argenta, 111., after a sermon 
by L. B. Pickerell. Brother Carrick preached 
for the church on two Lord's days, and is 
anxious to secure pastoral work among us. 
His wife is a daughter of Elder J. A. 
Brennan, for many years prominent in the 
Argenta church. Because of her musical 
ability, she will be of assistance in the min- 
isterial work. 

— A news item about the second quarter- 
ly meeting of the Disciples of Philadel- 
phia has been delayed. This was the best 
meeting, it is said, that has been held for 
many years in the city. The Kensington 
Church was crowded and the enthusiasm 
was great. Among those who made ad- 
dresses was E. M. Gordon, our missionary, 
who has since passed away, while H. L. 
Willett spoke on ' ' The Bible, the Word of 
God," his address being received with 
great applause. 

— At Auburn, Neb., a teacher training, 
class of 15 has just graduated. Hugh 
Lomax, the minister, presented the diplo- 
mas. Mrs. J. O. Redfern has been the 
faithful teacher for the past four months. 
Professor E. L. Rouse, of the state normal 
at Peru, was the speaker of the evening 
and emphasized that in view of the great 
price that had to be paid for us, our 
highest service is demanded and the high- 
est service that we can give the world 
is to teach the truths of Christianity. 

— The laying of the corner-stone of a new 
$15,000 church was celebrated with appro- 
priate services on July 4 at Chester, Neb. 
J. E. Davis, of Beatrice, was scheduled for 
the principal address, assisted by Brother 
Harding, of Belleville, Kan., and Brother 
Davis, of Hebron, Neb. Since Charles E. 
Cobbey entered upon the ministry there the 
net gain to the church has been nineteen in 
a period of nine months. The Bible school 
is in prosperous condition, having increased 
about 50 per cent the past year. Arthur 
Dry, of this church, is the devoted superin- 
tendent at a mission school four miles from 
Chester. At the Children's day program a 
missionary offering of $11.39 was taken. For 
this information we are indebted to Dea- 
coness Grace Steward. 

— It will be gratifying to the friends of 
Dr. W. E. Garrison to know that he has 
just been elected to the presidency of the 
New Mexico College of Agriculture and 
Mechanic Arts, located at Las Cruces— one 
of the largest and most important educa- 
tional institutions in the Southwest. It is 
supported jointly by the territory and the 
federal government, and has an annual in- 
come of over $100,000. President Garri- 
son has just finished his first year as presi- 
dent of the New Mexico Normal Univer- 
sity at Las Vegas, but 'resigns the work 
there to accept the position at Las Cruces, 
which is 3D0 miles south of Las Vogas, and 
3,000 feet lower in altitude. The higher 
Balary and lower altitude were both mo- 
tives for the change. 

— The ' ' Christian Standard ' ' denies with 
some heat that there is any ulterior motive 
in the meetings to be held at Bethany Park 
under its auspices. We are glad of that. It 
does not explain the meaning of those cir- 
culars sent out to certain men, purporting 
to rally a great gathering there to rebuke 
our congress and missionary conventions. 
That explanation seems to be due. Refer- 
ence to ' ' the Campbell Institute ' ' does not 
meet the case, as The Christian-Evangel- 
ist alone is responsible for its request for 
the meaning of those circulars. We asked 
for information in the interest of unity, as 
God knows our heart. Will not our brethren 
of the ' ' Standard ' ' give information in the 
same spirit? 

— After almost seven years' service in the 
mission fields of the Philippines, W. H. 
Hanna, with his ramily, arrived in San 
Francisco on June 20. For some weeks he 
will be in residence in California, and he 
will be glad to present to the churches life 
on the island and mission work therein. He 
is prepared to give stereopticon views, show- 
ing Filipino scenery, life and missions. 
These are at the disposal of the churches. 
Brother Hanna may be addressed at 1144 
East Twenty-seventh street, Los Angeles, 

— Tissot! This is a name which at once 
arrests the attention of those familiar with 
art and Biblical literature. Not since the 
days of Dore has there appeared an artist 
who can be compared with Tissot as a paint 
er of Biblical scenes and characters. Tis- 
sot spent a long time in the Holy Land mak- 
ing the sketches and getting the impressions 
for that wonderfully fine series of paint- 
ings, reproductions of which are now being 
offered on very easy terms by the manage- 
ment of the Christian Publishing Company. 
There are in all 240 of these fine Bible pic- 
tures, beautifully colored. You can either 
buy them outright, or get them without 
money upon some special terms as de- 
tailed on the last page of The Christian- 
Evangelist this week. 

— We understand that R. H. Crossfield, 
of Owensboro, Ky., has been elected presi- 
dent of Transylvania University, at Lexing- 
ton, Ky., and has accepted the position. We 
have had no official notice, but we believe 
that the report which reaches us is trust- 
worthy. The University compliments itself 
as w-eil as Brother Crossfield in this appoint- 
ment. He can not only claim this Univer- 
sity as his Alma Mater, but nearly all of 
his ministerial work has been in the state 
of Kentucky, though he has held occasional 
evangelistic services very successfully in 
other states. His post-graduate work was 
at the University of Worcester. Brother 
Crossfield has made a great success also of 
his organization and conduct of the Owens- 
boro Bible-school. Readers of The Chris- 
tian-Evangelist will remember the two 
photographs recently published in our col- 
umns, representing his great school and his 
large men 's class. 

— Lone Jack is a rather odd name for a 
Christian church. Of course, the church 
takes the name from the place, which is a 
town in Missouri. Here there has been a 
Christian church since 1840. An interesting 
history of this church has been written, and 
we shall be glad if it can be widely circu- 
lated, for this would help a deserving 
young man who has had more than his 
share of misfortuues. Romelus L. Travis 
suffered an attack of spinal disease when a 
boy, which so affected his nervous system 
that he has lost all use of his lower limbs, 
and has slight control of his body and arms. 
He is an orphan and makes his home with 
aged grandparents. In spite of his unequal 
struggle he has a.i ambition to be indepen- 
dent. Setting about to educate himself, he 
has published some writings, the last of 
which is the "History of the Church of 
Christ at Lone Jack, Mo." This contains a 

picture of the church building, an account 
of what has occurred in the church from the 
time of its institution, a list of the members 
during all this period, and the biography 
and portrait of the present pastor. We 
believe there are many who have been mem- 
bers of this church, who would like to have 
this history, and we are glad to make this 
announcement for their benefit, as well as 
in behalf of a young man who needs the 
encouragement which the sale of his book 
would give him. The price is 30c, postpaid. 
— Telegraphic dispatches bring news of the 
death of Simpson Ely, due to a street car 
accident. It appears that he was on his 
way to Joplin, Mo., to hold an evangelistic 
meeting, and was just alighting from the 
trolley when he either fell or was jolted off 
the car, striking his head on the street. He 
was picked up and proceeded to his destina- 
tion, but arriving at the house of one of 
the church members, complained that he felt 
ill and asked for rest. He ultimately passed 
away at the Wakefield Home, Villa Heights. 
We regret to record this sudden death of a 
man who has, in his day, accomplished much 
good. He had been in the ministry for 
about thirty-nine years, and had traveled 
extensively in evangelistic work through the 
country. For two or three years he was 
president of Christian University at Canton, 
Mo. He was also president of the Bible 
College at Fairfield, Neb., for a year, but 
it could hardly be said that he was a leader 
in educational work, for his equipment did 
not qualify him for this. His best work 
was in the evangelistic field, while he made 
quite a success in the distribution of tracts. 
His most fruitful work, perhaps, was at 
Kirksville, Mo., where he preached 700 ser- 
mons and had 735 additions. Of late years 
he has been identified with the more con- 
servative of our brethren, and, in his op- 
position to some movements which he did 
not favor, has taken himself, perhaps, more 
seriously than those did who were advo- 
cating the onward movement of the Chris- 
tian churches. He was the only man, for 
instance, at the recent Kansas City con- 
vention who did not come forward and tak? 
his stand in the Brotherhood circle. His 
mother recently died at the advanced age 
of ninety-one yeais. His wife and two 
daughters were present when he died. His 
son, Marcellus Ely, is pastor of the Chris- 
tian Church at Charleston, S. C. 

@ ® 
Bethany Day. 

Do not forget that Bethany day for the 
great Centennial offering for the Endow- 
ment of that College is the tliird Sunday in 
September, or September. 20. Every church 
should get into line for this great occasion. 
The preachers should preach a sermon on 
the subject, and a great offering should be 
taken in every congregation. Will the eld- 
ers of the churches as well as the preachers 
look after this matter as early as possible i 
Individuals should continue to send in their 
special contributions to the St. Louis Union 
Trust Company, St. Louis. Alo.. or to the 
Mercantile Trust Company, Pittsburg, Pa. 
All such contributions will be ackuowledgevi 
by the banks and the names of the contrib- 
utors entered m a book, which wdl he on 
exhibition at our Centenary in 1909. 

Five Thousand Facts About Canada. By 
Frank Yeigh, Toronto. Price, 25c. 
A glance over this booklet reveals an as- 
tonishing amount of information about the 
Dominion. Each sentence contains a fact, 
and there are chapters on every conceivable 
subject. From the fact that 250,000 Ameri- 
cans have in the last few years found homes 
in Canada, the chapters dealing with the 
natural resources and products are of great- 
est interest. Canadians in America will find 
this volume of interest; Americans who leok 
Canada-ward will find it of value. 

July 9, 1908. 



A Kansas Dedication. 

The writer dedicated a neat little church 
home for the congregation at Tescott, Kan- 
sas, on June 28. Every cent of debt had 
been paid before the day of dedication. 
Money was raised for the expenses of the 
day and for current expenses. A union com- 
munion service was held in the afternoon. 

A Sunday-school was organized with W. B. 
Park as Superintendent. Alvin E. Hottell 
was called to preach half time. S. E. Mc- 
Gavran is the elder. This is a small band 
of Disciples, but they are heroic and suc- 
cess is before them. 

Salvha, Kan. David IT. Shields. 

A Working Church. 

The Rushville (Ind.) church is making 
some records of late that are signs of grati- 
fying progress. The Auxiliary of the C. W. 
B. M. has just added over fifty new mem- 
ocrs to the roll, bringing the membership up 
to 215, which makes our society the banner 
auxiliary in Indiana. The society supports 
W. 0. McDougal at Calcutta, India, and is 
intensely enthusiastic. ' A contest in the 
Sunday-school has brought the record up to 
nearly double its former average, which is 
now near the 400 mark. On June 7 we 
had 452 present and an offering of $358.00. 
The Sunday-school and church support 
Brother Leslie Wolfe at Manilla, 'P. i. 

The Rushville and Little Flat Rock church- 
es have just had a union service and Roseoe 
Smith was formally ordained to his life 
work of the ministry by the writer, assisted 
by representatives of both congregations. 
Another of our splendid young men has re- 
cently entered the ministry, Charles Vail, 
who is now in charge of the cause at Stock- 
well, Ind., and doing an enthusiastic work. 
We are glad to introduce Brother Vail to 
the churches as a true man of God. He has 
been a reporter on "The Daily Republican" 
and has taken a correspondence Bible Course 
and is an excellent worker and speaker. We 
are preparing for a great meeting to be 
neld the first of the coming year with Her- 
bert Yeuell as leader. Our Ladies' Aid 
Society is raising a fund of $500 for re- 
decorating the auditorium. This will likely 
be done in the month of August. 

R. W. Abberley. 

% # 
What Came of a Sermon, 

I am very greatly interested in what the 
Editor said recently of Bro. William Dow- 
ling in The Christian-Evangelist (Easy 
Chair, May 28). I often meet with evi- 
dences of his consecrated work. I want to 
speak of one in particular. He was once 
holding a meeting in a country schoolhouse 
in Northern Ohio. A young man from that 
community who had been reading the Bible, 
but who found his conception of its teach- 
ings to be very different from all the preach- 
ing that he had heard, happened to attend 
one of the services. That night Brother 
Dowling's sermon gave a clear expression 
to the dim thoughts that had been in the 
young man's mind. In one short hour they 
all became tangible and definite to him. 
When the invitation was given he walked 
to the front to make the good confession. 
There had also been slowly forming in his 
mind the determination to start a school. 
He came to Valparaiso thirty-six years ago 
with $500, and leased an old college build- 
ing that had been abandoned by the Metho- 
dists. He acted as janitor and president and 
filled all the professors' chairs. He gathered 
together about forty pupils. That school 
continues to-day as the largest university in 
America. Last year it was second only to 
Harvard in attendance. This year it is 
ahead and has enrolled over 6,000 students, 
with 165 professors and 22 different colleges 
or departments, with more than a million 
dollars invested in buildings. Through all 
these years the man who made the school has 
been most devoted to the church. From this 
university 100,000 young people have gone 

out to the uttermost parts of the earth, and 
each one has gone out with an abiding im- 
pression made by the steadfast character of 
the president. 

The young man who heard Brother Dow- 
ling long ago has stood for thirty-six years 
in the door of this church fifteen minutes 
before Sunday-school begins, shaking hands 
with every one who comes, and he is the last 
one out at night, having spoken a word of 
encouragement to all. . He never misses a 

prayer-meeting when he is in the city. I 
heard him say a few weeks ago that Christ, 
as he heard him preached in those days gone 
by, has made his life. 

If Brother Dowling can look down from 
heaven, as 1 believe he can, he knows that 
all his sacrifices would have been richly re- 
warded had he never done more than to have 
preached that sermon that reached the heart 
of President II. B. Brown. 

Bruce Brown. 


I began the study of the international 
Sunday-school lessons the first day of their 
appointment, January, 1872, and have kept 
up with them ever since, and have en- 
joyed the past quarter 's study of the book 
of John as much as any of the lessons 
during the thirty-six years of their use. 
In fact, T have become very much at- 
tached to the series, for the increase in 
Bible study and general knowledge of the 
scripture has become so marked that I 
have become a Sunday-school enthusiast. 
But the cause that has led to the writing 
of this article was one of the last lessons, 
being the one that I last heard in the 
Holy Land. We had turned our faces to- 
ward the setting sun as we left old Damas- 
cus and begau to sing "Home, Sweet 
Home." But turning to Baalbec and from 
thence over the Lebanon Mountains, many 
of the party became restless to get to the 
Mediterranean Sea and several took pass- 
age on the ' ' diligence ' ' as it came along. 
One friend turned his palanquin outfit over 
to me that I might approach the sea with 
the dignity of a Syrian prince. 

The evening sun was reflecting the blue 
waters to us as we entered the old city 
of Beyreut. Sunday morning came and 
at 11 o'clock we attended service at the 
Presbyterian church. Dr. Marquis, presi- 
dent of the McCormick Theological Semi- 
nary in Chicago, preached for us. He was 
with another party but we were together 
at Jerusalem and Jordan and Nazareth and 
had conversations on the "Land and the 
Book." His text was John 13:7: "Jesus 
said unto him, What I do thou knowest not 
now, but thou shalt know hereafter." His 
sermon showed that he was full of knowl- 
edge of this great historic land and its 
prophetic imes. The preachers and tour- 
ists present were all benefited. When the 
governor of the city heard of the arrival 
of our American party he said America 
had done so much for their city that he 
wished to give us the privilege of the city. 
After our noon meal we were placed in 
charge of his deputy with carriages, that 
we might visit the ' ' halls of justice ' ' 
through its various departments, thence to 
the reception room and take a cup of 
oriental coffee. We were taken to the 
homes of several prominent citizens, thence 
to the Protestant Syrian College, in the 
city suburbs. It is a fine school and doing 
a good work. In the campus is a neat 
chapel. Being informed that a Sunday- 
school was then in session, I left the party 
and hastened to the church. The superin- 
tendent rose up before the Sunday-school 
— all young men with "fez" on each 
head. He said, ' ' My young friends, I 
can say but little to you in regard to this 
lesson, because it is on the crucifixion of 
our Lord. Its sadness shrouds the human 
heart in deepest gloom, but an American 
has written some beautiful lines. Then 
it was that my heart bounded when I 
learned that an American had so impressed 
that Palestine Sunday-school superintend- 
ent in poetic measure. He then quoted 
the following: 

"There is a green hill far away, 
Without a city wall, 
Where the dear Lord was crucified, 
Who died to save us all. 

"We may not know, we can not tell 
What pains he had to bear, 
But we believe it was for us, 
He hung and suffered there." 

I was delighted to hear him recite that 
familiar hymn, but my delight reached a 
climax when, at the closing song, ' ' I Gave 
My Life for Thee," the deep-toned organ 
joined in the human melody. They sang 
in Arabic. I did my best in English with 
spirit and understanding. I hastened for- 
ward at the close with extended hand to 
that superintendent. He said, "Oh, why 

did you not make yourself known so I 
could have you talk to these young men? 
They would have been so well pleased. ' ' 
1 replied that his closing was more pleas- 
ant to me than anything I could have 

But while our party were enjoying so 
richly this lovely Sunday Ameid Racheid 
Bey, the deputy governor of the city, a 
learned young Turk, was in a high fever 
and heart burnings from a sudden attack 
of love sickness, caused by meeting our 
bright Chicago girl. We had all taken our 
meals at the same table and the young 
Turk soon joined in conversation with the 
3 oung people. By nightfall he began to 
express his adoration with a beautiful bou- 
quet of Palestine flowers, but this was not 
enough. The disease intensified so that 
he could think of nothing but that beau- 
tiful American girl. My advice to guard 
the girl till we could get on our steamer 
for Constantinople was followed. The 
Turk tried to head us off by a telegram 
a week later when we anchored in the 
Golden Horn, but our young folks headed 
him off. What an eventful day was "My 
Last Sunday in the Holy Land!" 

Irvington, Col. J. Durham. 

As We Go to Press. 

Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Turner, Oregon, July 5. — Dr. Dye and 
wife created great enthusiasm; thirty vol- 
unteers for foreign field and over $2,000 
for boat on Congo to be called ' ' The Ore- 
gon. ' ' — Oregon Christian Missionary Con- 
vention, per D. Lrrett, president. 
Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Olathe, Kan., July 5. — Closed here to- 
night with 65 added; great meeting; 11 to* 
day. De Soto, Kan., next. — Wilhite and 
Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Louisville, Ky., July 6.— The Third 
Church's $25,000 building was dedicated 
yesterday, with all indebtedness provided 
for. F. M. Rains was with us. — W. S. 
Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Pasadena, Gal., July 6. — Closed with 1,500 
added at Danville. We are here to dedicate 
a $90,000 building and lot with Bro. F. M. 
Dowling and hold a three weeks ' meeting ; 
57 added at first invitation yesterday. — Sco- 
ville, Ullom and Vancamp. 
Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Cincinnati, O., July 3. — All indications 
are that Christian Endeavorers broke all 
their records in American Missions on In- 
land Empire day. The campaign is still on 
until September 30. Gather up the frag- 
ments and send in your offerings at once. 
Fort Smith, Ark., $300, and will become a 
living link; Waco, Tex., $33; the Central, 
Springfield, Mo., $25; "New Boston, Mo., 
10; Vermont, 111., $10; Wilmington, Ohio, 
$10; Memphis, Tenn. (Linden Street), $10; 
Bethel, 111., $10; First, Springfield, Mo., 
$10; Third, Philadelphia, Pa., $11; Central, 
Des Moines, la., $10; First Ch., Covington, 
Ky., $10; Hamilton, O., $10; Carthage, 
111., $10; Dallas City, 111., $10; Elyria, 
O., $10; Rockville, Ind., $10; Fairfield, la., 
$12; Beaver, Pa., $10; West Side, Spring- 
field, 111., $15; Wilson, N. C, $10; Osceola, 
la., $10; St. Louis (Compton Heights), $10; 
Lancaster, Mo., $11. This is something like 
it should be. Praise the Lord. — H. A. Den- 



July 9, 1908. 

Report of the International Lesson Sund*y=School Committee 

(American Section.) 

In making its last report, the sixth inter- 
national Sunday-school lesson committee 
appointed at Denver, in 1902, desires to 
record first of all the loss which we sus- 
tained in the death of Eev. John Potts, 
D. D., who had acted as the chairman of 
the committee since 1896. 

The members of the committeee bear 
him in affectionate remembrance and nev- 
er can forget his kindly, genial presence, 
his courtesy and consideration in all mat- 
ters of debate and difference of opinion 
which manifested themselves, and his skill- 
ful leadership through many difficult times 
of storm and stress. We are glad that it 
has been our privilege to co-operate with 
him for so many years, and we can truly 
say in the words of Holy Writ, "The 
memory of the just is blessed. ' ' 

Since the last triennial convention held 
at Toronto, the lesson committee has had 
four regular meetings, the first of which 
was held immediately after their election. 
The next meeting was held in Buffalo in 
1906, the next in Boston in 1907, and the 
last is the one which was convened just 
before the beginning of the present con- 
vention. Sub-committees on various 
courses have also held meetings during the 
past three years, and so far as iay in their 
power the committee as a whole have en- 
deavored to fulfill their duty to their con- 
stituency. In general, it may be said that 
since the adoption of the beginners ' course 
and the authority to move forward in prep- 
aration of advanced courses, the work of 
the committee has greatly multiplied. In- 
deed, it is not an exaggeration to say that 
the present committee have had at least 
double the amount of work laid on their 
shoulders that any of their predecessors have 

It will be remembered that at Toronto 
permission was given to the committee to 
issue advanced courses of lessons for such 
schools as had felt the need of them. The 
whole field of adult class teaching' was 
new, not to the committee alone, but to 
other Sunday-school workers as well. The 
committee had little experience of others 
by which it could be guided, and, there- 
fore, was thrown upon its own resources 
very largely for the conduct of this work. 
The committee began by issuing a three- 
years' course for advanced scholars with- 
out consultation with lesson writeis and 
teachers. This was done partly because 
of the cry for rapid preparation of ad- 
vanced courses. It proved, however, to 
be a mistake. Editors, well ni^h univer- 
sally, refused to accept and prepare les- 
sons on this three years' course. Another 
and different three years' course was then 
presented to the lesson committee by cer- 
tain members of the Editorial Association, 
which course the lesson committee m turn 
did not feel it would be 
wise to adopt as their 

The committee then is- 
sued a one year 's course 
on "The Ethical Teach- 
ing of Jesus, ' ' on which 
criticisms from various 
sources were requested 
before the lessons were 
put in their final shape. 
This single year 's course 
has oeen somewhat used, 
though how extensively 
we are not able to say. 
The course on the ethical 
teaching of Jesus was 
followed by another run- 
ning parallel (so far as 
possible) with the regu- 
lar international lessons 
for 1908. This course, 
too, has been used some- 
what, though again we 
are in the dark as to how 
widespread its use has 

A third year's course 
has now been prepared, 
running, so far as pos- 
sible, parallel with the 
regular lessons for 1909, 
which lie in the Book of 
Acts. The only departure 
from this general paral- 

lelism is, that this advanced cours*" 
gins by taking up the life of ^ 
Apostle Peter as set forth in t* 
pels, so that when he is introu 
to the class at Pentecost they may have 
some knowledge of his previous life. The 
committee ventures to think that this last 
course is possibly better adapted to the 
needs of the average advanced class than 
any of the courses that they have pro- 
duced heretofore. At the same time the 
committee recognizes that teachers of ad- 
vanced classes are generally persons of 
some experience and of positive views, and 
that to suit the main body of these teach- 
ers in the best way possible will require 
still longer experience and much of that 
virtue which has for centuries been 
thought to be Job's highest attribute. 

At the meeting of the committee in Bos- 
ton, April 21-26, 1907, after prolonged dis- 
cussion, the committee decided to recom- 
mend to the triennial convention at Louis- 
ville, that they be authorized to prepare a 
fourfold grade of lessons as follows: 

1. A beginners' course, permanent, for 
pupils under 6 years of age! 

2. A primary course, permanent, for 
pupils between 6 and 9 years of age.' 

3. A general course as at pre-_ . r t 
planned for pupils over 9 years of age. L 

4. An advanced course parallel with 
the general courses to be prepared by each 
lesson committee for such classes as ma}' 
desire it. 

On June 19-21, 1907. a conference was 
had between the British and American 
sections of the lesson committee in Lon- 
don. There were present: Members of the 
British section, 10; members of the Amer- 
ican section, 6; British Sunday-school lead- 
ers, 10: American Sunday-school lead- 
ers, 6. Total, 32. 

The object of this conference was to 
discuss matters relating to the Sunday- 
school work at large, especially as bearing 
upon the choice of lessons to be prepared 
for the whole Sunday-school constituency. 

The findings of this conference are al- 
ready widely known. The chief "find- 
ins" of this conference is expressed a" 

"That the international lesson comnpti- 
toe undertakes to provide schemes of les- 
sons for the whole range of Sundav-school 
teaching, including primary work (ages 
1 3-9) ; general or intermediate work (ages 
9-15); and senior or advanced work (over 
15 years). That the lesson for the gen- 
oral or intermediate division shall be uni- 
form, and that primary and advanced les- 
sons may be prepared by the American 
and British sections of the lesson commit- 
tee acting jointly or independently, but 
with a view to securing uniformity as 
soon as possible. " 

There was some difference as to the 

nomenclature of the different departments 
in the Sunday-school organization, but that 
did not affect the trend of opinion on the 
part both of our British colaborers and 
of those from our side of the water who 
attended the conference. 

At the invitation of Mr. Hartshorn, the 
chairman of the international executive 
committee, a special conference was called 
in Boston, January 2, 3, 1908, of editors, 
lesson writers, publishers, lesson commit- 
tee and members of the international ex- 
ecutive committee. The theme to be dis- 
cussed was, ' ' The International Lesson 
System — How May It Be Improved?" 

There were present at that conference 
fifty-four persons coming from twelve 
states and two provinces in Canada and 
representing eleven denominations. To 
go somewhat more into detail there were 
present: Members of the international ex- 
ecutive committee. 6; members of the les- 
son committee, 7; Sunday-school teachers 
and lesson writers, 29; publishers, 9; oth- 
ers, 3. Total 54. 

After two days spent in prolonged and 
friendly discussion, the following resolu- 
tions were adopted: 

1. That the system of a general lesson 
for the whole school, which has been in 
successful use for thirty-five years, is still 
the most practicable and effective system 
for the great majority of the Sunday- 
schools of North America. Because of its 
past accomplishments, its present useful- 
ness, and its future possibilities, we rec- 
ommend its continuance and its fullest 

2. That the need for a graded system of 
lessons is expressed by so many Sunday- 
schools and workers that it should be ad- 
equate 1 ^" met by the International Sunday- 
school Association, and that the lesson 
committee should be instructed by the 
next international convention, to be held 
at Louisville, Ky., June 18-23, 1908, to 
continue the preparation of a thoroughly 
graded course covering the entire range of 
the Sunday-school. 

Your lesson committee have thus been 
compelled to face the fact that we are in 
the presence of wide and impotant move- 
ments in the world of Sunday-school work. 
They believe that this association ought to 
continue in its leadership of the vast Sun- 
day-school system, and unify under one 
banner all who are seeking to win our 
scholars for Christ. Your committee have 
just spent long hours in reconsidering the 
whole situation, and now recommend the 
adoption by this convention of the follow- 
ing statement of facts and resolutions 
based thereon: 

1. A new situation has been gradually 
brought about: (a) by the action of this 
association in providing for the beginners' 

The cemetery at Bethany, W. Va. In frcnt of the large menument marked by the two crosses are the graves 

grave is an unmarked one near the single :rcss, and now beside him has been laid ' 

July 9, 1908. 



course at its Denver convention in 1902, 
and for the advanced course at its To- 
ronto convention in 1905; (b) by the ac- 
tion of the lesson committee in April, 
1907, favoring graded lessons; and (c) 
by the actions of the conferences between 
some members of the American lesson 
committee and the British lesson commit- 
tee in London, 1907, and of the Boston 
conference in January, 1908. 

2. It being evident that the very large 
majority of the Sunday-schools on this 
continent and in the British Isles, and 
practically all the schools in foreign lands, 
are now, and must be for many years to 
come, dependent upon the uniform lesson 
system, we rejoice to affirm with the Bos- 
ton conference the necessity of continuing 
that system, which is rooted in the affec- 
tion of many millions of people. 

3. There is a large and increasing num- 
ber of Sunday-schools which earnestly de- 
sire and are able to establish a thoroughly 
graded course of Sunday-school education, 
and many of these are looking to this as- 
sociation and its lesson committee for 
leadership in that new and difficult work. 

4. There are a large number of Sunday- 

schools which are able and anxious to use 

aded courses among the younger and 

p ong the advanced scholars, while con- 

; ng to use the uniform lesson in the 

school, and they, too, look to us for 

I id guidance: Therefore, be it re- 

1. That this convention of the Inter- 
national Sunday-school Association in- 
struct the lesson committee which is to be 
appointed for the next six years, to con- 
tinue the work of arranging and issuing 
the uniform lesson as heretofore. 

2. That this convention authorize its 
lesson committee also to continue the 
preparation of a thoroughly graded course 
of lessons, which may be used by any Sun- 
day-school which desires it, whether in 
whole or in part. 

3. That this convention instruct its les- 
son committee in the fulfillment of these 
tasks to seek the continued co-operation 
of the British section of the lesson com- 

The committee are glad to note that at 
the present meeting of the lesson commit- 
tee the British section of the lesson com- 

mittee is more largely represented thai it 
over has been before, there being four 
present, and we look upon this as an omen 
of a more perfect co-operation in Sunday- 
school work between the two great 
branches of the Anglo-Saxon peoples than 
has ever yet been realized. 

In laying down the task taken up six 
years ago, the committee is conscious of 
many deficiencies in their work. At the- 
same time they are equally conscious of an 
earnest effort to meet the needs of Sundav- 
schools the land over, both of that vast- 
majority of schools that for many years 
will not be able to go beyond the uniform 
lessons for all grades, and of those schools 
which desire lesson material furnished for 
a complete grading of the school from the 
beginners' department to the adult class. 
Doubtless, future lesson committees will 
be able to perfect the work, building on 
foundations already laid, erecting a super- 
structure that shall be to the praise of 
God and to the vast advantage of the 
millions represented in the Sunday-school 
army the world over. 

A. F. Schauffler, Secretary. 

Louisville, June 20, 1908. 

The Iowa Convention. 

The convention of 1907 decided to hold 
its session for 1908 on the assembly plan, 
at the Des Moines Chautauqua grounds, 
lasting one week. But the board of man- 

J. M. Van Horn. 

agers were unable to secure the grounds 
at the proper time, and was obliged to 
make other arrangements. Accordingly 
the convention was held with the Capitol 
Hill Church, in Des Moines, of which J. 
M. Van Horn is pastor. It began Thurs- 

Alexander Campbell. Dr. Barclay's 
ay. See page 872. 

d^ 'June 18, at 2 p. m., and closed Wed- 
nesuay evening, June 24. Many doubted 
that so long a convention could hold up 
in interest until the end, but the doubts 
were not justified. The convention held 
up well in both interest and attendance, 
and will go on record as one of the very 
best conventions ever held in Iowa. 

The first day and a half were devoted to 
the C. W. B. M. of the state. The work of 
this splendid organization is in fine shape. 
The officers elected were as follows: Pres- 
ident, Mrs. A. M. Haggard; vice-president, 
Mrs. Alice Peak; recording secretary, Mrs. 
S. C. Slayton; treasurer, Mrs. Leta Page 
Ashley; corresponding secretary, Miss An- 
nette Newcomer. 

iday evening and Saturday were used 
by the Bible school and Christian Endeav- 
or interests. The Friday evening addresses 
by Arthur Long and C. S. Medbury, the 
one on the Bible school and the other on 
the Endeavor work, were great inspira- 
tional addresses. The various addresses of 
Saturday were efficient in arousing great 
enthusiasm for the two interests repre- 
sented. C. L. Organ, the new leader in the 
Bible school and Endeavor work, made an 
excellent impression in all his convention 
work, and the people are convinced that he 
is the right man for the work. The address at 
night of Finis Idleman on "Evangelism" 
was a worthy climax to a great convention 
day. Perhaps the most significant event 
of .the day was the unveiling of a fine oil 
portrait of Alexander Campbell in the 
Iowa Historical Building. At 11 o'clock 
the convention repaired to the Historical 
Building, which is in the same block, and 
there occurred a most impressive service, 
consisting of prayer by S. H. Zendt, the 
unveiling, by B. S. Denny, the presentation 
address by Dr. D. R. Dungan, a fine solo by 
DeLoss Smith, and an address of accep- 
tance by Hon. B. F. Carroll. Thus Iowa 
takes the lead in placing the portrait of 
Mr. Campbell among the portraits of other 
illustrious men in its state historical build- 
ing. [See the reproduction of this por- 
trait on our front page. — Editor.] 

Sunday was a great day for our people 
m Des Moines. The pulpits of our churches 
and of several other churches were filled 
by : visiting preachers and about 400 dele- 
gates attended church. The feature of the 
day was a great communion service at 3 
o'clock in the Auditorium. It was at- 
tended by about 2,000 people and was a 
very impressive occasion, under the direc- 
tion of the veteran D. R. Dungan. 

Monday forenoon Was given to hearing 
appeals from the several national boards. 
A. McLean, G. W. Muckley, J. H. Mohorter, 
W. T. Moore, for the American Board, and 
G. B. Van Arsdall for the Board of Minn 
terial Relief, made most excellent ad- 
dresses and won the hearts of the people 
for their causes. 

The remainder of the I. C. C. was occu- 
pied by many excellent addresses, too many 
to be specified, some of which were re- 
markably good and deserve special men 
tion. There was but one discordant note 
in the convention, and that was safely met 
and disposed of. Noah Garwick, minis- 
ter of the church at Waterloo, came before 
the convention with a grievance against 
the State Board, and asked' that a corn- 

Finis Idleman. 

mittee be appointed to examine into the 
matter. The convention yielded to the 
request, and magnanimously permitted the 
aggrieved party to appoint the committee. 
The election resulted as follows: 
Officers of the convention: President, 
Arthur Long; first vice-president, J. K. 
Ballou; second vice-president, C.H.Mor- 
ris; recording secretary, S.B.Ross. 

Officers of the Board: President, S. H. 
Zendt; vice-president, J. D. Corbett; re- 
cording secretary, J. J. Grove; correspond- 



July 9. 190SV 

ing secretary, B. S. Denny; treasurer, J. M, 

The following standing committees were 

Auditing. — I. M. Leiser, D. B. Byers, J. 
iB. Burton. 

' Obituaries. — J. Mad. Williams, Miss An- 
nette Newcomer, J. H. Ragan. 

Tracts.— J. T. Nichols, C. L. Organ, C. 
H. Strawn. 

Temperance. — D. R. Dungan, D. H. Bux- 
ton, Hill M. Bell. 

Plan of Work.— J. D. Corbett, H. I. Pru- 
sia, Arthur Long, B. S. Denny, W. E. Bran- 

Union. — J. Mad. Williams, C. H. Morris, 
S. H. Zendt, O. M. Pennock, H. D. Wil- 

The annual report of the Board, as made 
out by Cor. Sec. B. S. Denny, is an excel- 
lent printed document of twenty-three 
pages, giving a most thorough view of the 
work of the Board and the condition of 
the cause in the state. The total receipts 

tion of disapproval, and for a time it 
looked as if there would be an ugly discus- 
sion. The discussion came, but it was in 
good humor. C. H. Morris, of Marshall- 
town surrendered his place on the program 
for Dr. D. R. Dungan to review the two 
addresses. Dr. Dungan availed himself of 
the opportunity, and did the work in splen- 
did spirit. After all, the differences were 
chiefly concerning terms used and view- 
points occupied. Brother Jenkins spoke 
Wednesday morning on ' ' Our Education. ' ' 
It was a magnificent address, full of valu- 
able suggestions for our people. I must 
not fail to mention Brother Jenkins' ad- 
dress of Wednesday afternoon on ' ' The 
Order of Services in Our Churches." Thi-i 
address met the hearty approval of the 
entire body of ministers. 

Other valuable features of the institute 
were a review of Forsythe's new book, 
' ' Positive Preaching and the Modern 
Mind,'' by C. C. Rdvvlison. a paper on 
"Things in the Church to Help the Preach - 

Mr. Garwick made his attack on the man- 
agement, Arthur Long was in the chair. 
It was a trying time for a chairman, but 
he held the reins nicely. Brother Long is- 
one of the universally loved young min- 
isters of Iowa and the convention honored 
him with the presidency for the corning 

The ministerial institute was presided" 
over by G. B. Van Arsdall. He had a diffi- 
cult task, and, while his rulings were not 
all universally approved, his tacc prevented 
any disorder. His successor is Finis Idle- 
man, whom the institute delights to honor, 
H. D. Williams. 

Sunday-Schools and Missions. 

The third annual conference on the Sun- 
day-school and missions under the auspices 
of the young people's movement will be 
held at Silver Bay, Lake George, X. Y. r 
July 15-23, 1908. 

The purpose of the conference is to 
bring together persons interested in mis- 

Iowa's Ministerial Association in attendance at the State Convention. 

of the convention for the past year were 

Here follow some figures of interest to 
men of every state: 

Total number of churches 446 

Preaching full time 164 

Preaching half time 160 

Preaching fourth time 27 

Preaching occasionally 10 

No preaching 85 

The convention of 1909 will be held 
with the church at Davenport. 

The State Ministerial Institute, as the 
closing part of the convention, began its 
work Tuesday evening with an address by 
Burris A. Jenkins, of Kansas City, on 
"The Plea of the Disciples, the Ultimate 
of Protestantism." It was certainly a 
great address in every way — great as an 
apologetic for the plea, great as a sympa- 
thetic criticism of the past advocacy of 
the plea, and great in its hope and help 
for the future of the plea. His next ad- 
dress was delivered Wednesday forenoon, 
and was on the theme, "Lawyer or 
Prophet; or, Shall the Disciples Be Legal 
or Free?" 

These two addresses raised quite a 
storm. At the conclusion of the second 
address there was an extended domonstra- 

er 's Message, ' ' by R. W. Lilly, and the pres- 
ident 's address by G. B. Van Arsdall. 

The institute placed itself on record as 
favoring the organization of a national 
ministerial association during the New Or- 
leans convention. It also instructed the 
executive committee to provide that all 
leading papers be carefully reviewed in 
future meetings. The next meeting will 
be in the second week of February next 
and with the church at Drake University. 

The following officers were elected: 
President, Finis Idlcman; vice-president, 
S. H. Zendt; secretary-treasurer, H. D. 
Williams. Members executive committee: 
Prof. F. O. Norton and R, W. Lilly. 

The Capitol Hill Church looked after 
the entertainment of the convention in 
fine shape. The church is at present in 
excellent condition under the ministry of 
II. E. Van Horn, who is proving himself 
a worthy companion with ldleman and 
Med bury. 

C. S. Medbury, who presided over the 
convention, did it in an admirable win . 
He is as gracious and earnest in the chair 
as in the pulpit, and that is saying much. 
His spirit seemed to imbue the convention 
with goodwill and activity. At the most 
critical period in the convention, when 

sionary education in the Sunday-school for 
nine days of uninterrupted conference and 
prayer. The conference will endeavor to- 
extend its ideals and plans by the training 
of missionaiy leaders and workers in local 

Officers of the various state and other 
Sunday-school associations, representatives 
of the Baraea and Philathea movements, 
superintendents of Sunday-schools, mem- 
bers of missionary committees in local 
Sunday-schools, teachers, young pastors, 
business men, state superintendents and all 
others interested in the growth and devel- 
opment of Sunday-school work should at- 
tend this conference. 

It will be held at beautiful Silver Bay, 
on the west side of Lake George, twenty- 
two miles from the southern end and eight- 
miles from the northern end. 

We have not been represented at these 
conferences as we should have been. We 
have an excellent opportunity of getting 
in touch with a movement which means 
incalculable help in the practice and per- 
manent development of our Sunday-school 

For information concerning rates, pro- 
grams, etc., write at once. 

George B. Ranshaw. 
Sunday-School Department, American 
Christian Missionary Society, Y. M, 
C. A. Building, Cincinnati, O. 

July 9, 1908. 




A Great Children's Day. 

Two months before Children 's day the 
Bible school of the First Church at Wash- 
ington, Pa., began the most aggressive cam- 
paign for th:'s day it has ever conducted. My 
Btory shall be especially of Class 17, an 
Adult mixed class enrolled in the Interna- 
tional Bible Glass Association, December, 
1907. N. M. Abbott is president and E. A. 
Cole the teacher. 

At a called meeting of the officers and 
committees it was decided to take for our 
motto for Children 's day, 500 scholars and 
$300 as a class. In order to do the most 
systematic work there were twenty commit- 
tees chosen with five members to assist each 

To inspire all to their best effort, and to 
enable them to see what each was doing, we 
secured the services of Paul C. Thielman, 
who, as you may easily conclude, is an artist 
and one not afraid of hard work, and he 
drew us a tree. The trunk represented the 
class, the large limbs, each with five 
branches, the twenty committees. Each mem- 
ber 's name was upon a limb or branch. With 

enrolling cards saying, ' ' I, , promise 

to attend the Children's day exercises of the 
First Christian Church, June 14, 1908," 
these workers started out. Each name signed 
was reported and a leaf drawn upon the 
branch of the person securing it. As the 
leaves multiplied the enthusiasm grew. The 
photo shows the tree as it appeared 
June 14. There were 710 names enrolled, 
and many who could not be pnt on at the 
last hour. Not only did each one get five 
others, but some as many as 75 and others 
near that number. 

We secured the Salvation Army barracks 
across the street from the church, for our 
class had two special numbers, and all the 
regular program was also given in the main 
church. We had 564 in attendance and $230 
offering. The main school packed our large 
auditorium and school room. The motto for 
the entire school was, 1,200 scholars and $800. 

We had 1,259 present, and the offering was 
$601. Our superintendent, B. E. Tombaugh, 
and the splendid corps of teachers assisting 
him, have led the school to its greatest vic- 
tory in this Children's day attendance and 
offering. Our greatest problem now is to 
find room. 

Class 17 has 180 enrolled, and for a month 
preceding Children's day kept above 140 in 
attendance. W. E. Warren, our Centennial 
secretary, was present and said it looked as 
though the Centennial was beginning and 
that at the right place. 

When the present pastorate began (seven 
years ago), this Adult class had 23 enrolled. 
There were nine present the first Lord's clay 
we came. It has done many other goou 
works in the church. The moral to my story 
is to organize your Adult class and woi*k the 
organization. Mrs. E. A. Cole. 

Washington, Pa. 

Iowa Adult Classes. 

As far as I have been able to ascertain, 
the following is a full and complete list of 
all of the Organized Adult Classes among 
our people in the state of Iowa: 

Class Name. Place. Members. 

Forward Adult Adaza 15 

Training for Service .... Missouri Valley 46 

Berean Class Prairie City 10 

Ruth Class Davenport 16 

Twentieth Century Davenport 22 

Leader Class Burlington 50 

Mother's Round Table. . .Sac City 26 

Bible Class Clarinda 8 

vVho Do Class Newton 32 

Berean Class Davenport 16 

'nner Circle Sac City 2.t 

Bible Study Clarinda 14 

Ruth Class Burlington 85 

Young Men's Wapello 36 

Brotherhood of Andrew 

and Philip Clarinda 35 

In addition to the above classes, possibly, 
we should number the "Baraca Classes," 
for they are fully organized, though they 
are not generally recognized as under the 
International Sunday-school management. 



JUNE \C ■ t/Agffo: 



A Class Tree for Enlisting New Members. 

Here are given the "Baraca Classes" of 
Iowa, as far as I have been able to know: 

Place. Secretary. Members. 

Arlington Dale Rice 20 

Cedar Rapids Glen Holden 18 

Centerville Lester Philips 65 

Clearfield Ray Stevenson 18 

Fort Dodge Lewis P. Kopp 75 

Fertile Carlos Robinson 20 

Marshalltown A. R. Welker 

Goldfield Allan Wilson 26 

Oskaloosa Fred White 20 

Panora L. Brower 10 

Vinton Wilson Harper 15 

Mason City L. O. Newcomer 

Zearing George Guthrie 25 

Now, in addition to the two lists given, 
I am confident that many other classes are 
organized somewhat, but can not be 
counted because they have not sent in the 
application. Iowa folks, ask me for the 
application blanks. — C. L. Organ, State 
Superintendent B. S. 

Des Moines, Iowa. 

The Englewood Church Bible school, In- 
dianapolis, Inch, O. E. Tomes pastor and 
superintendent, has an organized adult class 
known as the "Opportunity" Bible class, 
now the largest class in the school. This 
class was regularly organized according to 
the International Association requirements, 
February 23, 1908, with an enrollment of 
eighteen, and now numbers fifty-two. The 
class is doing good work, and we are deter- 
mined on one hundred members before the 
heated season is over. Then — well, we will 
report later. — A. L. and M. A. Orcutt, teach- 

•J* ♦ ♦ 
A Promising Movement. 

' ' The Adult Bible class movement has 
more of promise in it than anything I re- 
member in the history of the church. We 
have forty in a teacher training class just 
organized. ' ' 

The above note is from J. 1ST. Jessup, of 
Little Rock, Arkansas. He has two organ- 
ized Adult classes in his school besides his 
teacher training class. He is another of the 
rapidly increasing number of wide awake 
preachers who see the value of the organized 
Adult class. The teacher training movement 
and the Adult Bible class movement are the 
two notable things in the Bible school world. 
♦ •> 4» 
A Large Class in a Small Town. 

The class of young men in the Christian 
Sunday-school at Kansas, 111., has organized 
itself into a class, ready to work for Christ, 
with D. H. Eoss as teacher. It has a presi- 
dent, secretary and treasurer and three com- 
mittees. May 3 there were 73 young men in 
the class. Kansas has a population of 1,400. 
with three churches. This is the largest 
young men's class known of for the size of 
the town. — Mrs. Cleo Brown. 

+■% *.-♦ ♦.-* 

A Helpful Visit. 

In the pressure of business and the desire 
to carefully observe results, I did not write 
you concerning the visit of Brother Steven- 
son. Our Bible school has increased forty in 
regular attendance since he was here. We 
have enrolled 120 in teacher training, mak- 
ing now 150, which is the largest in any 
church in Pennsylvania. His visit empha- 
sized Bible study, in its importance and the 
ease by which it may be undertaken among 
the people here, as never before. He did our 
teachers and officers great good in bringing 
them to understand the graded school. Our 
hearts are filled with gratitude for his aid 
in our work. — Howard Cramblet. 

McKeesport, Pa. 



July 9, 1908. 



Hiram Home-Coming and Commencement. 

If perfect harmony means music, then 
there was much music at Hiram at the 
home-coming and commencement time. 
Everybody was in best of spirits, enthusi- 
astically hopeful, and best of all, ready to 
work for Hiram as never before. The 
attendance was large. The estimate for 
home-coming day was 1,200 to 1,500. Many 
more came for commencement day the day 
after. Sunday, June 21, marked the bac- 
calaureate sermon by President Bates. At 
night was the anniversary of the Y. M. 
and Y. W. C. A. Monday night was the 
commencement exercises of the literary 
societies. Tuesday night the Hiram So- 
ciety gave a fine musical program, ' ' The 
Prodigal Son," under the direction of 
Professor Sadlier. 

At the forenoon session on Wednesday — 
home-coming day- — Mr. Clinton Young 
gave a talk on, "Pioneer Days in Hiram." 
Professor Wakefield read a paper on 
"Early History of Hiram." C. C. Smith 
was at his best, when he told of "The 
Days of the Old Eclectic. " These three 
addresses will be published in the ' ' Gar- 
rettsville Journal ' ' and can be had for 5 
cents per copy. On Wednesday afternoon 
Mrs. Jessie B. Pounds read a poem, ' ' The 
Voice of Yesterday. ' ' It was character- 
istic of the authoress and greatly enjoyed. 
Professor Paul spoke on "Some Hiram 
Ideals. ' ' He is always interesting, but this 
was one of his very best efforts. Presi- 
dent Bates briefly told of "The Call of 
the Future. ' ' It was a clear, definite note 
that showed him to be a man who had 
a program and a way to bring it to pass. 
The reception given him was practically 
an ovation. Many brought just a word 
of greeting during the day, among whom 
were J. II. Mohorter, W. H. C. Newing- 
ton, G. W. Brown, of India; Henry Der- 
thick, Professor Treudley, Hon. A. H. Pet- 
tibone, et al. The music was furnished 
by the Vocal Society, the Glee Club, Pro- 
fessor Sadlier, Mrs. Allie Dean Waldo and 
Mrs. Ellis. Miss Claudia Page, a grand- 
daughter of President Zollars, charmed all 
by her wonderful execution on the violin. 
On Wednesday night the Hesperian Socie- 
ty grave "She Stoops to Conquer" to an 
audience of 1,200 people. It was a fault- 
less piece of work. 

Thursday was commencement day. 
How much that means to so many of' us! 
The weather was ideal. At 10 a. m. the 
tabernacle was jammed full. The class 
did no speaking. Prof. W. M. Forrest, 
'94, now of the University of Virginia 
Bible chair, made the address. It was a. 
great address, worthy in every way of the 
man and the occasion. The theme was 
"The Student's Obligation." Three 
things were mentioned: 1. The obligation 
of reverence toward the Alma Mater. 2. 
The obligation to scholarship and litera- 
ture. 3. The obligation to society and the 
body politic. A happy custom at Hiram 
is for each class to have a class professor 
who becomes an advisor to the class in a 
special way. The class of '08 chose Prof. 
E. E. Snoddy for this relationship to them. 
He made a short but very excellent ad- 
dress to the class. President Bates then 
conferred degrees on twenty-seven grad- 

Thursday afternoon was given to a 
short meeting of the Educational Society 
and the alumni meeting, at which George 
A. McFarlan, of South Dakota, made the 
address, and the alumni banquet. It was 
not the writer's privilege to stay for these, 
so I can not report them definitely. 
Thursday night the Alethian Society gave 
a good entertainment. 

President Thomson, of the State Univer- 
sity, sent a representative to attend the 
commencement in the person of Professor 
Vivian, who made a very happy speech 
and commended Hiram and her work very 
highly. Among other things he said, "Get 
all yon can at Hiram first. We do only 
technical work. ' ' 

There are many things at such a gather- 
ing as this outside of the regular program 

that are as interesting as the main pro- 
gram. Society reunions were very happy 
occasions. Then the class reunions. On 
every hand one might hear the sounds of a 
class yell from a group of people repre- 
senting some class. Then, of course, all 
the old escapades and jokes had to be 
rehearsed. What would college life be 
without them? Several classes took $50 
annual scholarships by which a student can 
be kept in school and render a service to 
compensate the fund. One of the most 
interesting things was to see those who 
had brought the children comparing and 
counting. At least two, "Jake" Baxter 
and Dr. ' ' Nibbs ' ' Calvin agreed with the 
Ohio man that his flock of three took 
the sweepstakes. The people came from 
everywhere, north, east, south and west. 
Mrs. Garfield and Mrs. Hinsdale were 
guests of honor. The hospitality of the 
Hiram people was all that could be asked. 
A. G. Webb, of Cleveland, and Superin- 
tendent J. K. Baxter, of Canton, were 
elected as trustees. Three immediate and 
vital needs were emphasized by President 
Bates in address and pamphlet: 1. The 
early completion of the $100,000 of new 
endowment. 2. One hundred new stu- 
dents for next year. 3. Fifty annual 
scholarships of $50 each. Hiram never 
looked into a brighter future. Never was 
there a more hearty and unanimous sup- 
port by alumni, students and the church 
constituency. Ohio Disciples, if you can 
take a $50 scholarship individually, as a 
church, as a Sunday-school, as an En- 
deavor society, write President Bates. If 
you know a young man or woman that 
ought to go to Hiram, write President 
Bates. C. A. Freer. 

A Good Meeting at Greenville, Texas. 

Oar pastor, W. T. Hilton, has just closed 
a very successful revival meeting for his 
home congregation. There were 91 additions. 
Leonard Daugherty had charge of the musis 
and proved himself a most capa.ble leader. 

This is the second revival meeting Broth- 
er Hilton has held since becoming our pas- 
tor, a l'ttle more man a year ago, and the 
loyalty of the membership of the church and 
great audiences that attendpri +^e serv : ces 
attest his ability and nonularity as both 
nastor and evangelist. Both hp and ^ister 
Hilton strive oy preeent and example to 
lead us into greater usefulness in +he Mas- 
ter's service. Mrs. T. A. Smith. 

Yeuell in San Francisco. 

On June 21 we closed the Yeuell meet- 
ing at the West Side Church. It con- 
tinued 36 days, and 205 persons responded 
to the invitation A few of these may not 
identify with our congregation. — perhaps 
not with any of our churches. A number 
came by letter, statement, or reclamation, 
— many of them from other bodies. But 
the great majority were by confession 
and baptism. Not a dozen of the 205 
were under 16 years of age, even fewer 
between 16 and 20. Four-fifths of the en- 
tire number were full-grown men and 
women — and the men were in the majority. 
A number of both sexes were people over 
45 years of age — a few even over 60. 

As nearly as we can estimate, our resi- 
dent membership has been increased 60 
per cent and the real working force of 
the church doubled in number. The 
growth of pastor and people in faith and 
love, in wisdom and zeal, none can meas- 
ure. Two things, however, are plain facts: 
Before the meeting it was impossible to 
make any large part of the church confi- 
dently expect even half as great a meet- 
ing; now they unanimously declare that 
we can do all things through Christ, who 
strengl hens us. 

Our time was brief for preparation, but 
events proclaim the wisdom and thorough- 
ness of that which we made. While due 
regard was had to local conditions, our 
chief concern was to prepare the field 
for the special reapers we had called to 
leadership. Yeuell and 1 had never met, 

but each knew the other through corre- 
spondence and careful investigation. It 
him I was in nowise mistaken except that 
he is a brainier, broader, better preacher 
and a more earnest, fearless, consecrated 
man than I even thought him to be. His 
character and conduct are unexceptionable. 
Never have I seen rare power and real 
humility, compelling confidence and sin- 
cere modesty, more happily blended. Our 
personal relations from the beginning 
were intimate, our conversation frank, 
our understanding cordial. In public and 
private, before my people and the general 
community, he upheld me and my work, 
the church and its officers, and to the end 
of life he will credit us with a larger share 
in the success of the meeting than our 
most loj'al friends would claim. 

Balph Boileau sang his own sweet, cheer- 
ful, Christian spirit of sacrificial service inte 
every heart. The character of our church 
music, and the lives of our singers especially, 
must always be brighter and better for his 
work among us. 

We are already planning to have them 
back again in two years, when we will 
pray and work for two thousand souls it 
two months. Kobert Lord Cave. 

Michigan Disciples. 

At Mt. Pleasant, Michigan, Disciples 
met in the fortieth annual convention June 
8-12. A splendid attendance and interest 
marked every session. Over 140 delegates 
represented the churches of the state. Mus- 
kegon was opened with K. E. Stevenson 
in charge. The addresses were all of a high 
order and were especially appropriate. G. 
W. Muckley and Dr. Guy, Mrs. Harlan and 
H. A. Denton all lifted our thoughts and 
spirits to the noble and the stimulating. 

Then, from our own state, C. J. Tanner, 
J. T. McGarvey, J. A. Canby, O. W. Win- 
ter, C. E. Pickett, G. W. Moore and others 
did noble service. 

J. O. Walton and wife, with the people of 
Mt. Pleasant, entertained the convention in 
a charming way. Brother Walton pro- 
nounced it the be'st convention he had ever 
attended, and having been a worker in IF 
linois, that meant a great deal. We meei 
in Dowagiac next year. 

F. P. Arthur, Cor. Sec 

Degree Courses at Home 
concerning the Bible, History, Evidences; 
Languages, Service and Philosophy. Terau 
easy. Catalog free. Write Pres. Chas. h 
Burton, Ph. B., Christian College, Oskaloosa, 


in this issue, and, if interested, 
in answering them 


Some Historical Works 

Historical Documents (edited by 

C. A. Young) $1-00 

Christian Union (J. H. Garrison). 1.00 

Dawn of the Reformation in Mis- 
souri (T. P. Haley 1. 00 

History of the Christian Church 

(Fisher) 3.50 

Sent post paid by 

Christian Publishing Compaay 

St. Louis, Mo. 

July 9, 1908. 




The Whiston-Longman-Wilson combina- 
tion at Sterling have encountered bad weath- 
er in that it has rained so steadily that they 
did not put up the tent the first week at 
all. Now that the weather has apparently 
cleared they hope to get things swinging 
steadily toward a fine outcome. Let the 
brethren in the state pray that Sterling 
may have a revival indeed, and that this 
effort may bring about a complete re-es- 
tablishment of the cause in that city. 

Samuel Gregg closed the Eising City meet- 
ing and his nine months' work for the 
state board as J. H. Currie's living link. 
It has been a good year with his work, 
though this last meeting was practically 
rained out. The present board has rec- 
ommended that the new board will em- 
ploy Brother Gregg again as state evan- 
gelist. He is in a meeting at Curtis with 
John Olmsted as singer, and it is hoped 
that a new organization will result there. 
He will hold a meeting at Prosser in Au- 
gust. B. D. McCance is hard at work 

on his new field at Sargent and an out- 
lying point or two. A building committee 
has been named in Sargent and matters 

will be pushed toward a new building. 

It is with deep regret that we shall say 
good-by to Brother H. C. Holmes. He has 
been so long identified with our whole state 
in several ways and his work has been so 
pleasant and so efficient that we shall miss 
him greatly. The church at Fairbury has 
done great things under his leadership. 
Yet we would not be selfish, and thus we 
bid him God-speed in his new work. _ Just 
who will lead the ministerial association 
to its annual bath at the Sulpho-Saline, is 
a question. But doubtless some one can 
be found brave enough to undertake it. 
Indeed it may not be as difficult as it once 
was. It is reported that at least Doward, 
and possibly Harmon, have been in the 
water since last July. — —The Third Dis- 
trict had a fine convention at Ashland in 
spite of the floods. The attendance was 
excellent and the spirit and grace of the 
meeting was practically faultless. The 
district voted to seek to put an evangelist 
in the field under the state board as a liv- 
ing link. If the arrangements can be 
made and the money pledged it will be un- 

There are a number of vacant church 
houses in that district and it is especially 
needy at this time. The South Omaha 
work was reported in excellent working 
order; 46 were received during the Coombs- 
Dawdy meeting in the Tabernacle. The 
rains so interfered that the hearing was 
limited. However, the church is meeting 
in the Tabernacle regularly and the Bible 
school has practically multiplied itself by 
three. F. T. Eay is pushing toward a new 

house. District officers elected are: 

S. D Dutcher, president; F. T. Eay, vice- 
president; J. E. Chase, secretary-treasur- 
er; H. J. Kirschstein, corresponding sec- 
retary; C. W. Fuller, Jr., Bible school su- 
perintendent; I. H. Fuller, Fremont, Chris- 
tian Endeavor superintendent. The 

secretary spoke at the First Church, Lin- 
coln, for state" missions on June 21, and 
at Bethany on June 28. This will close 
the campaign for the current year prac- 
tically, and what will have been written 
by June 30 will be the record for the year. 
Thus far the returns from the last appeals 
sent out have been meager. At the pres- 
ent rate the close of the year will find us 
in debt. This, too, in the face of a very 
conservative outline of work for the year. 
Once more we appeal to the delinquent 
churches to come to the rescue and line 
themselves up with the other churches that 
have stood by this work through the year. 
Many of the pledges made at the conven- 
tion last year are yet delinquent, which 
practically throws back upon the board 
the shortage at that time, including as it 
did nearly $300 of Tabernacle debt. This 
does not properly belong to general ex- 
pense account. There is yet time after 
reading this to send in the pledges and 

help out with this matter. Edward 

Clutter supplied at Vesta on June 21 for 

E. G. Aylsworth. Chancellor Aylsworth 

will preach at the University Church at 
the morning hour during Pastor Pritch- 



A history of Pardon, the evidence of Pardon and the Church a9 an Organization. 
Scriptural Discussion of Church Fellowship and Communion. THE BKST 
EVANGELISTIC BOOK. "No Other Book Covers tbe Same Ground." 
Funk & Wagnalls Company, Publishers, New York and London, Cloth 
Binding, Price S1.00 Postpaid. Write J. A. Joyce, Selling Agent, 209 
Bissell Block, Pittsburg, for special rates to Preachers and Churches. 

For sale by Christian Publishing Company, St. Louis. 

ard 's absence during July and part of 
August. Brother Pritchard will return in 
time to attend the state convention. 

W. A. Baldwin. 

m m 


Geo. B. Evans is the new parson at Cha- 
grin Falls, having come from Big Bun, Pa. 
We bid him a most hearty welcome to the 
Buckeye fellowship and pray for his suc- 
cess at the Falls. — S. C. Pierce now occupies 
the new parsonage at Hebron. He will find 
here a royal people. He has served well at 
Lynchburg and lair View. — Clarence Mitch- 
ell, one of our Ohio evangelists, has shown 
himself to be a wise man in that he has 
taken unto himself a wife. The happy bride 
was Miss Bertha Sprague, daughter of Chest- 
er Sprague, pastor at East Liberty. All 
who know Miss Bertha will heartily con- 
gratulate Brother Mitchell, as she is one 
of earth's choicest characters. The wedding 
took pla?e at Gloucester, Mass., at the home 
of an old schoolmate of the 'bride. The 
honeymoon will be spent in Prince Edward 's 
Island, where Brother Mitchell is in a meet- 
ing. — The Cleveland preachers held their an- 
nual picnic at Wade Park, June 22. It was 
an exceedingly hot day, but all had a royal 
good time. — The next quarterly meeting ' of 
the United Auxiliaries of the Cleveland Dis- 
trict will be held at Bedford, Monday, July 
13. There will be a sermon in the forenoon 
and the C. W. B. M. session in the after- 
noon. — We approach that time of the year 
when there is much talk of vacation. Every- 
body who works hard at one task for a year 
ought to have a vacation. But is it not 
becoming somewhat of a fad? Is it not 
approaching dissipation rather than recrea- 
tion in some' instances? Christian people 
ought to seek spiritual upbuilding as well 
as physical. If you will send a post card 
to Stephen J. Corey, Box 884, Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and ask him for circulars on the Al- 
liance, Ohio Missionary Conference, August 
11-19, you will find one of the best rlaces 
on earth for a Christian to spend his vaca- 
tion. Some of the foremost missionary lead- 
ers of the world will be there. Moving pic- 
tures will tell of the story of actual work 
on the fields. The spiritual tonic will b^ 
iich indeed. Co to Alliance. — This lp+ter 
is written on the eve of departing for the 
Home-Coming and Commencement at Hiram. 
Look out for a full renort in The Chris- 
tian-Evangelist of the doings there. — ■ 
Union of Baptists and Disciples is in the 
air at Bedford, Ohio. Committers have Ven 
appointed to find a basis for union. What 
the harvest will be, deponent saith not at 
this time. Brethren, pray for us. 

C. A. Freer. 

Northern California's Convention. 

All over Northern California the clans are gath- 
ering for the greatest convention in the history 
of Northern California. The rallying place will 
be delightful Santa Cruz by the sea. The time 
is July 28 to August 9. George Hamilton Combs, 
of Kansas City, will be the principal speaker. 
Charles S. Medbury, of Des Moines; Louise C. 
Kelley, of Kansas; Charles C. Chapman and 
Frank M. Dowling, of Southern California; J. J. 
Haley, now of Lodi, California, and I. N. Mc- 
Cash, of Berkeley, wil be among the speakers. 
The year, notwithstanding all the obstacles, has 
been the greatest in the history of Northern Cal- 
ifornia. Herbert Yeuell and S. M. Martin, J. A. 
Brown, S. T. Martin and others have held great 
meetings. Many conversions have resulted. Seven 
or eight new churches have been built. Shirley 
Shaw will lead the music, assisted by a splendid 
chorus. Let no one miss this greatest of our 
conventions. The Business Men's Banquet alone 
promises to be worth going to Santa Cruz to at- 
tend. P. C. Macfarlane. 


Darsie, Lloyd — Hiram, O., to Chautauqua, N. Y. 
Growden, A. M. — McMinnville, Tenn., to Siloam 

Springs, Ark. 
Head, T. T- — West Plains, Mo., to Mountain View, 

Mo., box 33. 
Matthews, George B. — Chandler, Okla., to Perkins, 

Okla ; * 
Nance, Thomas G. — Barton, Texas, to Texico, 

New Mexico. 
Oathout, John F. — Cedar Rapids, to Kinross, la. 
Priest, Edwin S. — Des Moines, la., to Defiance, 

Stephens, W. O. — from Mineral Wells, Texas, to 

405 East Twenty-second street, Austin, Tex. 
Stivers. John T. — 1343 West Twenty-second street, 

to Kenwood Avenue, Eos Angeles, Cal. 


Advertisements will be received under this head 
at the rate of two cents a word each insertion, 
all words, large or small, to be counted and two 
initials being counted as a word. Advertisements 
must^ be accompanied by remittances to save book- 

Business Opportunities. 

GULF COAST.— If persons wanting reliable in- 
formation about the gulf coast country of Texas 
will write to me, enclosing stamp, I will gladly 
answer. Edwin D. Hamner, pastor Christian 
Church, Bay City, Texas. 

Church Supplies, Etc. 

HAS IT for less. All church and Bible school 
supplies. Get catalogue L. American Black- 
board Company, 810 Olive st., St. Eouis, Mo. 

Evangelist sand Ministers.. 

GEO. L. SNIVELY, 773 Aubert Ave., St. Louis, 
general evangelist, dedicator, pulpit supply. 

I AM READY to make engagements for meetings, 
this fall and winter. Will join evangelist for 
permanent work. Frank E. Meharry, singer, 
111 East Main St., Danville, 111. References: 
Jesse Van Camp (with Scoville), M. B. Ains- 
worth, minister, Danville, 111. 

Musical Instruments. 

ORGANS. — If you require an organ for church, 
school, or home, write Hinners Organ Com- 
pany, Pekin, Illinois, who build Pipe Organs 
and Reed Organs of highest grade and sell 
direct from factory, saving you agent's profit. 

Schools and Colleges. 

SEND for catalog of Christian University, Can- 
ton, Mo. Departments — Preparatory, Classical, 
Scientific, Biblical, Commercial and Music. For 
ladies and gentlemen. Address Pres. Carl 
Johann, Canton, Mo. 


CENTS plus 25 1-2 hours a week pays for all 
the privileges of an up-to-date school. Catalogue 
free. Address School of the Evangelists, 
Kimberlin Heights, Tenn. 

Summer Resorts. 

BETHANY BEACH, Delaware; an ideal Seashore 
Resort. Famous for its Scenery,- Surf, Bathing, 
Fishing, Crabbing, Boating and Ocean Breezes. 
Being "next to Nature's heart" makes it a 
charming place for old and young. THE 
BELLEVUE (formerly Hotel Atlantic), en- 
larged, remodeled and modernized. Delightful- 
ly situated on the front. Cement porches, 
Homelike comforts, Select patronage. July 

20 to Sept. 15th. Boat runs daily from 
Rehoboth, Dela. — R. R. Bulgin, Proprietor. 


OLIVER TYPEWRITER.— Good as new. Abso- 
lutely first-class order. Bargain price. C, care 
of Christian-Evangelist. 



July 9, 1908. 

We invite ministers and others to send reports 
of meetings, additions and other news of the 
churches. -It is especially requested that additions 
be reported as "by confession and baptism," or "by 


Marion, June 29. — I closed my work here yes- 
terday, there being large audiences and IS addi- 
tions-. Twelve will be baptized Tuesday. I be- 
gin at Blue Mound, 111., Lord's day, July 5. — 
W. W. Weedon. 

Mattoon, July I. — We have just closed a three- 
weeks' meeting with home forces. There were 
43 additions. The unique features of the meet- 
ing were two union baptisms — one with the Meth- 
odist minister and the other with the Presbyterian. 
I am in my third year in this work, which is in 
the best condition since I came. T. J. Clark, of 
r.loomington, Ind,. and I exchanged pulpits last 
Lord's day. Brother Clark is greatly loved by all 
his members. — D. N. Wetzel. 


La Fontaine, July 1. — We have had one con- 
fession, a young man. — O. L. Martin. 


Abilene, June 29. — Four added — three by state- 
ment and one confession. We are in a union 
meeting with Pratt and Briscen, of Kansas City. — 

C. A. Cole. 

Galena, June 30. — Three additions last Sunday — 
one reclaimed, one from the Baptists, and one 
confession. Two others by letter during the 
month, making five for June. Our audiences are 
good, the Bible school growing, and we have 
a training class with 38 enrolled. The prayer- 
meetings are well attended. — R. H. Love, minister. 


Pleasant Grove and Simpson. — On June 28 I 
baptized two young women and an old gentleman, 
the latter, father of O. V. Geer, an elder of the 
church at Simpson. He confessed his faith in 
Christ at the -baptismal services, and was im- 
mersed straightway in the River Root. — Richard 
Dobson, pastor. 


Corinth, July 3. — We closed a meeting of ten 
days, in which there were 15 accessions. R. L- 
Mobley, of Dyersburg, Tenn., did the preach- 
ing in an able manner. Our cause is awakening 
here. The churches are prospering where they 
have a regular ministry. Brother Mobley is a 
splendid young preacher with a message for to- 
day. He won many friends among the best in- 
formed people of different communions. Missis- 
sippi needs men of his vision and power. I have 
been with this church a year, but only seven 
months in residence, and for full time. We 
have had 42 additions to the congregation, and 
are planning for larger things. — W. O. Wagoner. 


Flat River, June 30. — One addition at regular 
service. The Y. P. S. C. E. observed "Inland 
Empire Day'' last Sunday and raised $10 for 
that great district. — J. W. Van Dewalker. 

Sparta, July 1. — Our meeting at Sparta closed 
with 52 confessions and 18 otherwise. — E. H. 
Williamson and wife, evangelists. 

Kansas City, June 29. — There were two confes- 
sions at Highland Church, Livingston county, 
June 21, and two at West Line, Mo. — J. W. 

Higginsville, June 30. — Three by statement and 
letter June 21, and one baptism last Sunday. — 
James N. Crutcher. 


Falls City. June 29. — One added by statement 
yesterday and one by baptism not reported. — • 

D. L- Dunkleberger. 


Guthrie, June 30. — Six added last Lord's day. — 
T. L. Noblitt. 

Frederick, June 29. — In a revival seven miles 

east of here in the big pasture; only two members 
to start with. 1 would like to hear from small 
churches — will come for freewill offerings. — 
Charles 1'. Murphy. 


Half Way, June 22. — Meeting is progressing 
nicely despite opposition. There have been 23 
additions — 15 baptisms — six reclaimed and two 
from other religious bodies; of the number 13 
are young men with whom Brother Titus seems 
to have special power. — Leon Myers. 


Washington, June 28. — Three confessions from 
class 17, which is the minister's class, this morn- 
ing. — Mrs. E. A. Cole. 


Nashville, July 1. — W r . P. Crouch closed a fine 
meeting at the Nineteenth Street Church re- 
cently. About 20 'persons were added, half of 
whom made the good confession. Despite the 
political campaign, hot weather and other attrac- 
tions, the interest was good to the close. No man 
has made a better impression upon the people here 
than Brother Crouch. — J. T. McKissick. 

Clarksville, June 30. — Decision day resulted in 
eight baptisms and one added by letter. The 
work looks very promising and the congregation 
soon expects to have a new pastor. I return to 
St. Louis and Columbia for a few weeks rest, and 
then back to the Golden West. — Dan A. Trundle. 

New Mexico. 

Deming, July l. J — Three months spent at Albu- 
querque resulted in 16 additions — five by baptism, 
the election of several officers and the call of 
W. E- Bryson as minister of the church. I am 
now at Deming, organizing a church. — Frederick 
F. Grim, corresponding secretary. 


San Marcos, July 1. — Five additions last Sun- 
day — three by baptism. I go north this week 
for my vacation. — A. M. Harral. 

Waxahaehie, June 15. — Three added yesterday 
— two by confession and one by statement. There 
was one confession following last sermon at the 
state convention at Thorp Springs. — J. B. Boen. 

Dallas, July 1. — Cephas Shelburne reports sev- 
en additions to the East Dallas Church last Sun- 
day, making 11 since his last report, and 2" since 
he took charge of the work. 

Cleveland, July 1. — During the past six months 
I organized at Batson with 15 members, at Cleve- 
land with 13 members, at Silsby with 18 mem- 
bers, at Devers with 13 members. There were five 
baptisms, eight restorations and 10 came from 
other religious bodies. This is a vacated section. 
The people arc poor, and many are uncultured. 
My home for the present is Cleveland. — J. N. 

Fort Worth, June 29. — I have just closed a good, 
short meeting at Elgin. I begin at Cooper next 
Sunday, and I am to do the preaching at Fentress 
camp-meeting, near San Marcos, beginning July 
29. I have a good singer and can arrange for 
an October meeting. — A. E- Dubber. 


Salt Lake City, June 22. — Two added June 14 
and one confession yesterday. — Dr. Albert Buxton, 


Portsmouth, June 27. — In a ten-days' meeting 
at Oak Grove, Matthews county, five were -added 
to the church — three by baptism. — William Bur- 

Richmond, June 22. — There were two additions 
at our regular service yesterday at the Third 
Christian Church. I closed a meeting with the 
Fairmount Christian Church last week. There 
were four additions. — Gerald Culberson. 

@ ® 

Ministerial Exchange. 

Singing Evangelist IT. S. Saxton will hold a 
meeting in July or August. Address Troy, O. 

Allen T. Shaw, minister at Pontiac, 111., would 
like to exchange meetings in the autumn with 
some evangelistic pastor. His church will pay 
liberally in addition to the regular salary. 

Guy L. Zerby, of Tampico, 111., writes us that 
an efficient young minister of four years' experi- 
ence, with the best of references, will consider a 

call from a good church, preferably in Illinois. 
He will probably close his present work Au- 
gust 1. 

D. D. Dick and wife are ready for evangelis- 
tic engagements. Their terms are entertainment 
and offerings. They may be addressed at Cuya- 
hoga Fails, O. 

F. F. Dawdy has an Ojen date as singing evan- 
gelist for July. Address him 317 Lake street, 
fopeka, Kan. 

David Music, of 1228^ McGee street, Kan- 
sas City, Mo., desires correspondence with some 
one who has a stereoptican outfit for rent to 
an evangelist who may need it from August 
1 to January or longer. He could use a medium 
size tent also. 

V. _ E- Ridenour has an open date for July, 
as either pastor or evangelist. Address 920 
Buchanan Street, -Topeka, Kan. 

F. M. Morgan will be ready after September 
1 to hold meetings, or would locate with a good 
church. Is at present at Toluca, 111., L. B. 431. 

Mart Gary Smith writes that the church at 
Walter, Okla., needs a good minister. A mar- 
ried man preferred. Salary about $900. Write 
Brother Smith. 

Wanted — A preacher. I can get the right 
man a splendid work among some four or five 
different congregations, in close touch with each 
other, three of them on the Santa Fe railroad, 
in northwest Oklahoma. Write Ed. S. McKinney. 

Wanted — The address of all preachers who use 
the stereopticon. I have something of interest 
for you in return for post card address. R. H. 
Sawyer, Carrollton, Mo 

The church at Payson. 111., wants a minister 
for full time. Salary $600; also parsonage. Ad- 
dress Dr. W. L. Hollembeak. 

Carr-Burdette College. 

In loving remembrance of its founder 
and donor, Mrs. O. A. Carr. the faculty 
and students of Carr-Burdette College have 
devoted themselves anew to the accom- 
plishment of her last request, "Let the 
college go right on with its work." 

She conceived and planned and executed : 
there is not an idea in the college building, 
appointment and equipments that is not 
hers. This ' ' Child of her brain and heart ' ' 
will be tenderly cared for. It has a goodly 
heritage. Important improvements are be- 
ing made this summer. Prof. A. O. Kiall, 
an able teacher of long experience, who 
formerly was in charge of a college for 
young women, became identified with Carr- 
Burdette, and I feel that I have in him 
an efficient .counsellor and co-laborer. I as- 
sure parents that their daughters will be 
properly cared for; and I hope tEey will 
continue to show their appreciation of my 
effort and give me their support that Carr- 
Burdette may continue to be Mrs. O. A. 
Carr 's ideal, as it is now her monument. 

Sherman, Texas. U. A. Carr. 

Send for our Catalogue. 

Christian Publishing Company, 

St. Louis, Mo. 

Bible Lesson 
Picture Roll 

Each leaf, 27x37 inches, containing 
a picture, beautifully colored, illus- 
trating the lessons. 

These rolls are well mounted, 
strong and durable. Thirteen leaves 
in each roll — a leaf for each lesson 
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put up in sets containing one card 
for eachSunday; size 2 3-4x4 inches, 
PRICE for set, for quarter, 2 l-2c. 

St. Louis, Mo. 

July 9, 1908. 



SAMUEL'S WARNING.— 1 Sam. 12:1-5, 


Memory verses, 23, 24. 

Golden Text. — Only fear the Lord and 
serve him in truth with all your heart, 
for consider how great things he hath done 
for you.— 1 Sam. 12:24. 

Saul had at last been made king, by the 
anointing of Samuel, by the casting of 
lots, and by the prowess of his good right 
arm when the Ammonites had made their 
attack and the men of Jabesh had called 
for help. At Gilgal, where the children of 
Israel had crossed the Jordan and en- 
tered the promised land under Joshua 
three or four hundred years before, where 
tne stones of remembrance had been set 
up, where the general headcpiarters of the 
tribes had been and where the ark had 
been kept during the first years of the con- 
quest,— there at this sacred spot the peo- 
ple had gathered and made Saul king and 
offered sacrifices. It was on this occasion 
—we might call it the formal coronation 
of Saul, for it corresponded fairly well 
with that ceremony in modern times — 
Samuel delivered his farewell address and 
uttered his solemn warnings. 

First of all, Samuel called all the peo- 
ple to witness that he had been an honest 
judge. Combining in himself the func- 
tions of the legislative, judicial and exec- 
utive departments of government, he had 
had large opportunity to use his office for 
his own aggrandizement and enrichment. 
But he could defy them all to mention any 
instance in which a penny of any man's 
money had stuck to his fingers. It is worth 
a great deal for a man to be not only in-- 
nocent but visibly and transparently hon- 
est; so honest that any accusation against 
him is dismissed by the public mind as 
preposterous. Not only evil, but even the 
appearance of evil is to be avoided. Sam- 
uel's record was as clear as his conscience. 
He had no graft investigations to fear. 

It is also notable, though Samuel does 
not mention it, that the retiring judge 
made no effort to hold to his office after the 
people wanted to choose a king. He had 
been in supreme authority for many years. 
It is the way of kings and . rulers not to 
give up office until they are compelled to 
do so. The people of Europe were sur- 
prised when Washington retired from of- 
fice. They did not understand why a man 
who was commander-in-chief of the army 
and navy should yield to his successor 
without a struggle. Samuel retired with 
dignity although he believed that the new 
form of government was a dangerous and 
a backward step. It requires the graces 
as well as the virtues of character to en- 
able a man to step down gracefully from 
a position of dignity which he has held. 

It was a custom among the religious 
leaders of Israel to recite at frequent in- 
tervals the story of the wonderful bless- 
ings which the Lord had given to them and 
the marvelous deliverances through which 
he had led them. This recital was the 
basis both of the appeal to gratitude and 
of a prudential argument to convince the 
people that it was worth while to con- 
tinue to serve a God who had so uniformly 
rewarded the fidelity and punished the 
defection of the tribes. 

This was the burden of Samuel's ap- 
peal: Serve the Lord and it will be well 
with you. Sow disobedience and you will 
reap calamity. It may sound very trite 
and commonplace to us, but it has become 
familiar to us largely because of the ef- 
fectiveness with which Samuel and men of 

his stamp taught it in the days when it 
was less commonly accepted. Even today 
there are those who profess to believe that 
virtue does not pay, that trickery is the 
royal road to success, that an honest man 
can not succeed in business. While it is 
true, as Job contended in his argument 
with his friends, that disaster does not al- 
ways immediately follow sin and that the 
righteous do not always get an instant 
visible reward, it is abundantly true that 
the victory, in some form that is worth 
while, awaits those who work in harmony 
with the eternal purposes of right, and 
that whoever is found working against 
God is working toward failure. 

Topic July 15.— Acts 3:42-47. 

This simple narrative of the founding 
of the first church in Jerusalem has a per- 
ennial interest to all that would follow 
the divine pattern. "They all continued 
steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and in 
the fellowship, and in the breaking of 
bread and in prayers." It is worth while 
noting that "doctrine" comes first in this 
specification. It is put there by inspira- 
tion. Before there can be steadfastness in 
' ' fellowship ' ' there must be a unity of 
faith, a common basis of belief. We are 
what we believe — not always what we pro- 
fess; but always what we believe. So the 
importance of right doctrine can hardly 
be exaggerated. True, we may magnify 
molehills and minimize mountains in mat- 
ters of faith and make a mess of the whole 
business. But real faith lies at the foun- 
dation of all character and consistency. 
There is no real fellowship without real 
faith at the bottom of it. The fellowship 
of faith is the only sort that will stand 
the test of time and trial. The old and 
oft repeated saying, "It don't make any 
difference what you believe so your heart 
is all right, " is a delusion of the devil, 
or of loose thinking. In the first plaee, 
the heart can not be all right without a 
right faith. What is commonly called 
good-heartedness is not infrequently a 
source of evil to the person. Some of the 
best-hearted folks you ever knew could, on 
occasion, be about the biggest fools in the 
kingdom, or out of it. Such folks are like 
those of whom the apostle speaks — "al- 
ways learning but never able to come to 
a knowledge of the truth." Such are fre- 
quently "tossed about by every wind of 
doctrine, after the craftiness of men where- 
in they lie in wait to deceive." All unity 
worth the having must be a "unity of the 
faith. ' ' 

The very idea of fellowship presupposes 
a oneness of thought and purpose and plan. 
We have fellowship only as we enter hearti- 
ly and sympathetically into the work in 
hand, whatever that may be. This is true 
in the church as in the lodge. The fellow- 
ship is not exhausted in eating of the ice- 
cream aud cake. Perhaps a good many of 
us may have that notion of it. Somebody 
has to furnish the ice and the cream and 
the cake. How is it, any way, with "you- 
alls"? Do you let the other fellow furnish 
the cream and his wife bake the cake, 
while you fellowship in the eating? There 
are not a few folks in the churches I have 
known who fellowship in that way. The 
trouble with too many of us is that we are 
perfectly willing to fellowship in the eat- 
ing of the ice-cream, but are rarely around 
when the freezer is to be turned. All of 
which is a parable for the summer season. 
But the truth of it is good for all the year 

The ' ' fellowship ' ' includes more than 


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the breaking of bread from house to house. 
Indeed the fellowship has to do with pro- 
viding the bread. If you want to know 
what is meant by "fellowship" read: 
' ' And sold their possessions and goods and 
parted them to all, as every man had 
need." The fellowship was in the com- 
mon spirit of self-sacrifice and giving. "All 
that believed were together and had all 
things common." Out of this common 
faith and common possession grew the 
beautiful fellowship of the apostolic 
church. The fellowship was but the ex- 
pression of the spirit of brotherhood 
which prevailed. Must we then, in order 
to have this fellowship and continue there- 
in, have this common possession? It is a 
perplexing problem. We must, at any rate, 
have the spirit of self -giving and the dis- 
position to spend and be spent for the sake 
of others. This is the very spirit of the 
Christ. Aud if any man have not the 
spirit of Christ he is none of his. He 
came not to be ministered unto but to 
minister and to give his life a ransom for 
many. ' ' He gave himself up freely. ' ' 
' ' He saved others, himself he could not 
save" — and be the world's Saviour. God 
spared not his own Son. Our fellowship 
is with them in self -giving. 

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July 9, 1903. 



M. Appeal to Civic Motives. Prov. 31:1-5. 

T. The Example of the Nazarites. Num. 6:1-3. 

W. Denying Lusts. Rom. 6:12-14. 

T. Christ's Example. Matt. 4:8-10. 

F. For Better Warfare. 2 Tim. 2:3-5. 

S. Surrendering Lawful Things. 1 Cor. 10:23-2* 

S. Topic. 

The Christian soon becomes conscious of 
an inner struggle between two opposite 
dispositions. In the case of the apostle 
Paul it was so fierce that he cried out in 
agony, and in his quieter moments he was 
conscious that evil was ever present in 
him and frequently defeated his purposes 
to do good. This experience of Paul is 
written at length in the seventh chapter 
of Komans, and appeals to every man who, 
like Paul, is trying to walk after the Spir- 

The Christian is one who had been liv- 
ing after the desires of his flesh. He had 
sought to please himself, and had consult- 
ed his own wishes first of all. But he has, 
as a Christian, accepted a new philosophy 
of life and submitted himself to other 
ideals and pledged himself to their pur- 
suit. At once he finds himself in turmoil. 
The old life insists upon having its old- 
time recognition and proposes to fight for 
it. This is the demand of the flesh. 

The Christian man recognizes the power 
of a new life within himself, and has ac- 
cepted its ideals. He begins to recognize 
the power of the new life to make its way, 
if he will allow it to do so and if he will 
co-operate. This is the meaning of the 
exhortation of Paul in the lesson portion 

' ' Walk by the Spirit. ' ' How can we do 
that? First of all, we must recognize that 
for a professed Christian it is the only ra- 
tional and safe thing to do. We must com- 
mit ourselves thoroughly to its necessity 
and value. Then we must learn how. 

To many Christians "walking by the 
Spirit" is an obedience to a mysterious 
impulse which is accepted as an inner 
voice. One who has that idea can never 
be sure what the Spirit will say, aud can 
not be sure that he has been following the 
Spirit rather than the promptings of his 
own judgment. 

It will help us to know that the Holy 
Spirit has left us very definite instructions 
in regard to following him as he leads us 
in the new way. Thus we can enjoy uni- 
form and unmistakable instructions and 
can proceed with confidence. These in- 
structions arc in the word of God, especi- 
ally as relates to the Christian life, in the 
New Testament. The lesson portion is an 
example of plain and unmistakable in- 
structions to those who wish to walk after 
the Spirit. 

Note first of all the warning in refer- 
ence to the tendencies of the flesh in verse 
17. "Forewarned is forearmed." Who 
desires to become a bondman? Yet such 
is the inevitable consequence of yielding 
to the flesh. 

"The works of the flesh are manifest," 
Paul says, in verses 19-21. No man need 
be in doubt as to whether he is walking 
after the flesh if he will read ana believe 
those three verses. And from his own ob- 
servation he may know that such things 
bring men into bondage, and more to be 
dreaded — they shut men out of the king- 
dom of God. 

The difference between walking after 
the flesh and after the Spirit is the differ- 
ence between bondage and fruit. Only a 
fool would prefer bondage to fruit. 

We may know when we are walking by 

the Spirit by the fruit which appears in 
our lives. A beautiful cluster is named in 
verses 22 and 23. How many of this clus- 
ter are found in your life? Beginning 
with love, trace your progress in the life 
of the Spirit. 

The African's Faith in God. 

In the June number of the "Journal of 
the Eoyal Geographical Society" there is a 
very interesting lecture by Eev. Thomas 
Lewis, F. K. G. S., on "The Old Kingdom 
of Kongo. ' ' His position in reference to 
the African religion will be of the greatest 
interest to the missionary as well as to the 
student of comparative religion. According 
to this eminent author, the most important 
thing to the savage is his religion. It is a 
matter of life and death to him, and I pity 
the superior and more enlightened man who 
laughs him to scorn and holds his supersti- 
tious rites up to ridicule. 

The author now uses language that affords 
much food for reflection : "I have satisfied 
myself, after twenty-five years among them, 
that at the bottom of African fetishism there 
is the fundamental belief in the existence of 
God and in the reality of the human soul. 
No missionary has yet, to my knowledge, 
been compelled to introduce the name of God 
into any of the Bantu languages. The name 
'Nzambi, ' for 'Supreme Spirit/ is of na- 
tive origin, and not introduced by the Por- 

tuguese, and has been adopted for 'God' oy 
all missionaries in their literature." 

The following statement will attract at- 
tention : ' ' The oft-repeated statement made 
by missionaries and travelers that the un- 
taught native has no idea of the existence of 
God is not correct; what they mean to say 
is that he has no knowledge of what God is. 
which is quite a different matter. The lack 
of this knowledge about God, while firmly be- 
lieving that God is, accounts for the wonder- 
ful and complex system which we, m our ig- 
norance of the inward meaning of it all, call 
' fetishism. ' ' ' 

After all, it appears to be the most natural 
thing to man to ever live in the presence of 
the supernatural. J. W. Lowber. 

Austin, Texas. 


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July 9, 1908. 



"What Does It Mean?" 
To the Editor of The Christian-Evangelist: 

~I have just read the editorial in The 
Christian-Evangelist of June 25, intimat- 
ing that Bethany Assembly ought to ex- 
plain its attitude with regard to a movement 
looking toward injuring the organized mis- 
sionary work of the Christian Church. 

It seems that some friend has sent 
the Editor two circulars, one from Brother 
Moninger and one from Brother Coombs, 
and that these circulars indicate that Beth- 
any Assembly is working to destroy our or- 
ganized missionary work. 

We desire in the most emphatic way 
possible to assure Brother Garrison and 
his friend, as well as the readers 
of The Christian-Evangelist, that 
their 'tears are wholly groundless as 
far as Bethany Assembly is concerned. 
The simple facts are these: Each 
year Bethany Assembly invites the Indiana 
State Missionary Society, the State Sunday- 
school Association, the State Y. P. S. C. E., 
the State C. W. B. M„ the State Ministerial 
Association, the Educational Society, etc., to 
hold their annual conventions at Bethany 
Park during the sessions of the Assembly. 
Each society furnishes its own program, 
pays its own speakers and conducts its busi- 
ness without any interference on the part 
of the Assembly. This year our board in- 
vited Brother Moninger to hold his evangel- 
istic and teacher training institute at the 
park during our assembly, they to come on 
the same conditions as all the conventions 
come. He accepted, so the arrangements 
were made for the holding of these insti- 
tutes. Had there been the slightest intima- 
tion on his part that he was trying to or- 
ganize a movement to injure our organized 
missionary work, Bethany Assembly would 
not have consented, or even considered, the 
holding of these institutes during our meet- 
ings, or at any other time, on our grounds. 
We do not believe that Brother Moninger 
ever dreamed or such a movement. We are 
sure that both these institutes are for the 
purposes announced — evangelistic and teach- 
er training — and that The Christian -Evan- 
gelist may dismiss its fears of any such 
movement as all of us would greatly depre- 
cate. We can not conceive that such 
brethren as Marion Lawrance, J. W. Mc- 
Garvey, M. M. Davis, P. M. Rains, J. H. 
Hardin, or any other person on the program 
of these institutes could be induced for one 
moment to be made a party to such a move- 

As for the managers of Bethany Assem- 
bly, the president of the assembly has hang- 
ing in his library a certificate of member- 
ship in the American Christian Missionary 
Society, nearly fifty years old, signed by 
Alexander Campbell, president, and D. S. 
Burnett, secretary. For fifty years he has 
attended the national conventions, when not 
so far away that he could not afford the ex- 
pense. He helped organize the Foreign 
Missionary Society, and was the first person 
to take a life membership in it. For many 
years he has been a life director. If any 
one doubts its loyalty to it he refers him 
to A. McLean. For years he was the state 
evangelist of the Indiana State Missionary 
Society and the State Sunday-school Asso- 
ciation. A. L. Orcutt, the president and 
general manager of the ministerial fund, 
and A. B. Philputt, one of our most devoted 
workers in our missionary organizations, are 
both members of the Bethany board, 
while the other eleven members of the board 
are just as devoted to our missionary organ- 
izations as the four named. How any one 
can conceive how these brethren coulu ar- 
range any exercise to injure our organized 
work is more than we can conceive. Bethany 
Assembly always has been, is now, and, as 
long as the present management controls it, 
always will be true to our organized work. 
Bethany Assembly boasts of two things: 
First, supreme loyalty to the old gospel, the 
gospel that was revealed by the Holy Spirit 
ami first preached by men whose tongues 
were fired with the inspiration of God; 
second, unshaken and unalterable devotion 
to the organized missionary work of the 

church — national, sfate, d?s L rict and county. 
Brother Garrison, you and the friend that 
you speak of come over lo Bethany July 17 
and stay until August 17, and if' you 'find 
heresy cropping out let us know and we will 
stamp it out. L. L. Carpenter, 

President of Bethany Assembly. 

Wabash, Ind. 

[For comment on this letter see "Notes 
and Comments. ' ' Also read carefully, in 
the light of further development, the edi- 
torial, "A Work of Disintegration." — 

Notices of deaths, not more than four lines, in- 
serted free. Obituary memoirs, one cent per word. 
Send the money with the copy. 


Dr. Richarl C. Norton was born at Hiram. O., 
Tune 16, 1S40. He died at Trenton, Mo.. May 
!8, 1908. His early life was spent in the country 
wlit re lie attended the public schools, but at a 
later date he Graduated from Hiram College, then 
under the presidency of James A. Garfield. He 
began teaching when he was only 16 yei>rs of ace, 
his first work being done in his native state. He 
was married in 1864 to Mariah L. Mason, who 
survives him. Soon after his marriage he moved 
to Trenton, Mo., where he organized the public 
schools of that place and spent ten years of his 
life immediately following. In 1875 he was called 
to a chair in the State Normal school at Warrens- 
burg, Mo., where he gave special attention to the 
teaching of natural science subjects. Here he 
established himself as a skillful instructor and a 
wise and efficient educator of youth. After re- 
maining here for five or six years he accented the 
presidency of the State Normal school at Caoe 
Girardeau. Mo. He served in this position until 
1894, making an enviable record for wise manage- 
ment and exhibiting a broad view of the educa- 
tional needs of the state. The school grew in pop- 
ularity with the people of that section of the state, 
and soon took rank with the best normal schools 
in this part of the country. Dr. Norton was a 
good speaker on educational subjects and his ad- 
dresses before educational bodies and before other 
assemblies of the citizens of the state, did much 

to bring about a fuller ,i jireciatiorj of the needs 
and importance of a correct training for the t:ach- 
< rs of the commonwealth. 

In the summer of 1894 Dr. Norton resigned 
the. presidency at Cape Girardeau and returned 
to Trenton, where he had real estate and other 
interests, with a view to looking after his invest- 
ments. But after a few months, at the solicitation 
of leading citizens of the place, he accepted a 
chair in the Stat; Normal school at Kirskville, 
Mo., and a few years after he again retired to his 
home at Trenton, where he remained until the 
time of his death. Dr. Norton's standards of can- 
duct and character were high. In all of his school 
work he kept before the pupils exalted ideals of 
manhood and womanhood and he was always 
watchful of the best moral interests of those com- 
mitted to his care. He took a lively interest in 
the young, as many can testify whom he has 
helped to better things. 

He was long a member of the Christian Church 
and he always held some important post as an 
officer in the congregation. While he was an 
unostentatious giver yet he contributed to many 
of the departments of the church. When he made 
his will he remembered the church of his home 
town with a good sized contribution. J. U. B. 


Mrs. Amanda Ellen Thomas, wife of John O. 
Thomas, of Rushville, Ind.. passed into life eter- 
nal Lord's day. May 10, 1908, aged 54 yea-s. 
She was born near Rushville and when about 4 
years old lost both her parents. She made _ her 
horns for many years with Brother and Sister 
L. L. Carpenter, of Wabash, Ind., who loved and 
treated her as their own child. December 4, 1868, 
she confessed her Saviour and remained a faithful 
member o.f his church until her death. Besides 
the husband two sons and a daughter mourn her 
departure. The funeral services were conducted 
by L. I,. Caroenter, assisted by J. W. Conner, 
W. S. Smith and the writer. Mrs. Thomas was 
loved by all for her noble life of Christly spirit 
and service. R- W. Abberley. 

Rushville, Ind. 




Two Cents per word, per insertion. 



Of Different Styles, Grades and Prices. 





A Beautiful Illustrated 

and Descriptive Catalogue 

Sent Free on Application. 




July 9, 1908. 

|k»-»-»-» »♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»♦»♦♦♦♦»»♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦ ♦-♦-♦-♦- 

- TBhe Home Department 


fr-ft"3~»~»-»-.»-»-»-»-»-»"» ♦•♦»♦♦♦♦ i 
The Glorious Fifth. 


A weary wight was the medical gent, 

(Oh, the sun was low in the sky,) 
Yet work well done bringeth sweet content, 
And weariness fits with a day well spent, 

(And the day was Fifth, July). 

"I am not averse to the natal day 

Of this government," said he, 
"It liketh me well when the bands do play, 
When flags are bright and streamers gay, 

Yet the Fifth is the day for me. 

'"On. the Fourth let the bald bird of Freedom brush 

The milky-way with his wings; 
By mountain peaks let him wheel and rush, 
Be the torrents mute, let the thunders hush, 

While he sings, and sings, and sings! 

''For that is the day when the patriot bold 

Swings high the exultant hat: 
But the Fifth is the day of the compress cold, 
Of the soothing lengths of the lint unrolled, 

When science comes to bat. 

■O day of the splint and adhesive patch, 

(May the tetanus germ pass by!) 
When the dread pyaemia meets its match! 
(Ho! ambulance, bring us another batch!) 

Hail! Fifth of the great July! 


How Robert Fulton Helped on the 
Celebration of July 4, 1 ?78. 

It was mid-afternoon on July 3, 1778. A 
group of a dozen boys sat in the long grass 
that grew close down to the banks of the nar- 
row, twisting Conestoga Kiver, in eastern 
Pennsylvania. All of the boys were hard at 
work engaged in a mysterious occupation. By 
the side of one of them lay a great pile of 
narrow pasteboard tubes, each about two feet 
long, and in front of this small boy stood a 
keg filled with what looked like black sand. 
Each of the group was busy working with 
one of the pasteboard tubes, stopping one 
end tightly with paper and then pouring in 
handfuls of the "sand 1 ' from the keg 
and from time to time dropping small col- 
ored balls into the tubes at various layers of 
the sand. These balls came from a box that 
was guarded by the same boy who had charge 
of the tubes and the keg, and he dealt them 
out to the others with continual words of 

"Be very careful of that one, George," 
he said, handing him one of the colored balls, 
' ' those red ones were very hard to make, and 
I haven't many of them, but they'll burn 
splendidly and make a great show when thev 
go off." 

' ' How do you stop the candle when all the 
balls and powder are in, Eob?" asked an- 
other boy. 

"See, this way," said the young instruct- 
or, and he slipped a short fuse into the tube 
and fastened the end with paper and a piece 
of twine. 

' ' There 's something '11 let folks know to- 
morrow 's the Fourth of July, ' ' he added 
proudly, as he laid the rocket beside the keg 
of powder. 

"What made you think of them, Rob?'' 
asked one of the boys, looking admiringly at 
the lad of 14 who had just spoken. 

"I knew something had to be clone," said 
Eobert, "as soon as I heard they weren't 
going to let us burn any caudles to-morrow 
night 'cause candles were so scarce. I knew 
we had to do something to show how proud 
we were that they had signed the Declara- 
tion of Independence two years ago. and so 
I thought things over last night and worked 
out a way of making these rockets. They'll 
be much grander than last year's candle pa- 
rade. They wouldn't let us light the streets, 
so we'll light the skies." 

• ' I wish the Britishers could see them ! ' ' 
said one of the group; another added, "I 

wish Gen. Washington could be in Lancaster 
to-morrow night! " 

Just before the warm sun dropped behind 
the tops of the walnut grove beyond the river 
the work was done, and a great pile of rock- 
ets lay on the grass. Then, as though moved 
by one impulse, all the boys stripped off their 
clothes and plunged into the cool pool of the 
river, where it made a great circle under the 
maples. They had all been born and brought 
up near the winding Conestoga, and had 
fished in it and swam in it ever since they 
could remember. 

The next evening the boys of Lancaster 
sprang a surprise on that quiet but patriotic 
town. The authorities had forbidden the 
burning of caudles on account of the scarcity 
caused by the war of independence, and 
every one expected the second Fourth of July 
to pass off as quietly as any other day. But 
at dusk all the boys gathered at Rob Ful- 
ton's house, just outside town, and as soon 
as it was really dark proceeded to the town 
square, their arms full of mysterious pack- 
ages. It took only a few minutes to gather 
enough wood in the center of the square for 
a gigantic bonfire, and when all the people 
of Lancaster were drawn into the square by 
the blaze the boys started their display of 
fireworks. The astonished people heard one 
dull thudding report after another, saw a 
ball of colored fire naming high in the air, 
then a burst of myriad sparks and a rain of 
stars. They were not used to seeing sky- 
rockets, most of them had never heard that 
there were such things, but they were de- 
lighted with them, and hurrahed and cheered 
at each fresh burst. This was indeed a great 

"What are they? Where did they come 
from? How did the boys get them?" were 
the questions that went through the watch- 
ing crowds, and it was not long before the 
answer traveled from mouth to mouth : " It 's 
one of Rob Fulton's inventions. He read 
about making them in some book." 

The father of one of Robert's friends 
nodded his head when he heard this news, and 
said to his wife : "I might have known it 
was young Rob; I've never known such a boy 
for making things. His schoolmaster told 
me the other day that when he was only ten 
he made his own lead pencils, picking up any 
bits of sheet lead which happened to come 
his way, and hammering the lead out of them 
and making pencils that were as good as any 
iu the school. ' ' 

The fireworks were a great success; for 
the better part of an hour they held the at- 
tention of Lancaster, and when the last 
rocket had shot out its stars every boy there 
felt that the Fourth of July had been splen- 
didly kept. For a day or two Rob Fulton 
was an important personage, then he dropped 
back into the ranks with his schoolmates 
again. — From Rupert Sargent Holland's 
"Historic Boyhoods," in July St. Nicholas. 

Two little youngsters shambled penitently 
into the classroom long after the school had 
opened for the morning session. "Boys, 
come to my desk immediately," said the 
teacher. The meek little lads walked to the 
teacher's desk aud stood looking helplessly 
at their feet. "Tommy, why are you late this 
morning."' asked the teacher. "I overslept 
myself, ma'am," began Tommy. "You see, 
teacher. I dreamed I was going to take a 
railroad trip. I just got to the station when 
1 woke up an' found it was 'way past school 

Dwell Deep. 

Dwell deep! The little things that chafe and fret, 
O waste not golden hours to give them heed! 

The slight, the thoughtless wrong, do thou forget; 
Be self forgot in servin? others' need. 

Thou faith in God through love for man shalt keep. 

Dwell deep, my soul, dwell deep! 

Dwell deep! Forego the pleasure if it bring 

Neglect of duty; consecrate each thought; 
Believe thou in the good of everything. 

And trust that all unto the wisest end is 
Bring thou this comfort unto all who weep; 
Dwell deep, my soul, dwell deep! 

— James Buckham. 

It is easy to fail. All it needs is the in- 
ability to say, "No." 

@ @ 

There is a subtle leakage of power in a 
man who is inconsistent with his best self. 
He may not show it, he may seem as de- 
voted and earnest as possible, but there is 
a loss of the dynamics of spiritual force, 
and the devil knows it and says, "I need 
not worry; his sins are sufficient antidote 
for his work. ' ' — F. B. Meyer. 

A minister in Florida had been laboring 
hard to raise money for a church. Finally 
a friend from the North sent him the last 
$100 needed, and the day he received it he 
was presented with a son and heir. The 
Sunday following the congregation shook 
with suppressed laughter when the poor man, 
thinking only of the donation, thanked God 
for the small succor that had just arrived. — 
W. H. McElroy. 




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Returnable copies mailed for examination 


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'Freddy, why were you late 

quired the teacher, turning to the other boy. 
"Please, ma'am," replied the trembling 
Freddy, " I went to the station to see Tommy 
off."— Tlie Circle. 

Geo. Kilgen & Son 


Pipe Organs 


Best of References. Correspondence Salicittik 

July 9, 1908. 




When Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer was 
living in the peaceful retreat at Boxford, 
Mass., almost every week through the hot 
summer she went to Boston to talk to 
children in the slums at a vacation school. 
The children bring the babies of their 
homes with them, and many could not 
come otherwise. Here is the story as Mrs. 
Palmer told it, and as it is given in the 
story of her wonderful life published by 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co.: 

' ' One July morning, ' ' wrote Mrs. Pal- 
mer, "I took an early train. It was a day 
that gave promise of being very, very hot, 
even in the country, and what in the city! 
When I reached my destination 1 found 
a great many girls in the room, but more 
babies than girls, it seemed. Each girl 
was holding one, and there were a few to 
spare. 'Now,' I said, 'what shall I talk 
to you about this morning, girls?' 'Talk 
about life,' said one girl. -Imagine! 'I am 
afraid that is too big a subject for such a 
short time, ' I said. 

"Then up spoke a small, pale-faced, 
heavy-eyed child, with a great fat baby on 
her knee: 'Tell us how to be happy! * * 
And the rest took up the word and echoed, 
' Yes, tell us how to be happy. ' 

" 'Well,' I said, 'I will give you .my 
three rules for being happy; but mind, you 
must all promise to keep them for a week, 
and not skip a single day, for they won 't 
work if you skip one single day. ' So they 
all faithfully and solemnly promised that 
they wouldn't skip a single day. 

" 'The first rule is that you will commit 
something to memory every day, some- 
thing good. It needn't be much, three or 
four words will do, just a pretty bit of a 
poern or a Bible verse. Do you under- 
stand?' I was afraid they wouldn't, but 
one little girl with flashing black eyes 
jumped up from the corner of the room 
and cried, 'I know; you want us to learn 
something we'd be glad to remember if we 
went blind.' 'That's it, exactly!' I said, 
'something you would like to remember if 
you went blind.' And they all promised 
that they would, and not skip a single day. 

' ' ' The second rule is : Look for some- 

thing pretty every day; and don't skip a 
day, or it won't work. A leaf, a flower, a 
cloud — you can all find something. Isn't 
there a park somewhere near here that 
you, can all walk to? (Yes, there was 
one.) And stop long enough before the 
pretty thing that you have spied and say. 
"Isn't it beautiful!" Brink in every de- 
tail and see the loveliness all through. Can 
you do it?' They promised, to a girl. 

'' 'My third rule is — now mind, don't 
skip a day — do something for somebody 
every day.' 'Oh, that's easy!' they said, 
though I thought it would be the hardest 
thing of all. Just think, that is what 
those children said, 'Oh, that's easy!' 
'Didn't they have to tend babies and run 
errands every day, and wasn't that doing 
something for somebody?' 

" 'Yes,' I answered them, 'it was.' 

"At the end of the week, the,. day being 
hotter than the last, if possible,' I was 
wending my way along a very narrow 
street, when suddenly I was literally 
grabbed by the arm and a little voice said, 
'I done it!' 'Did what?' I exclaimed, 
looking down and seeing at my side a tiny 
girl with the proverbial fat baby asleep 
in her arms. * * * 'What you told us 
to, and I never skipped a day, neither,' le- 
turned the child in a rather hurt tone. 
'Oh,' I said, 'now I know what you mean. 
Put down the baby and let 's talk about it. ' 
So down on the sidewalk she deposited the 
sleeping infant, and she and I stood over 
it and talked. 

" 'Well,' she said, 'I never skipped a 
day, but it was awful hard. It w T as all 
right when I could go to the park, but one 
day it rained and rained, and the baby had 
a cold, and I just couldn't go out, and I 
thought sure I was going to skip, and I 
was standin' at the window, 'most cryin ', 
and I saw' — here her little face bright- 
ened up with a radiant smile — 'I saw a 
sparrow takin' a bath in the gutter that 
goes round the top of the house, and he 
had on a black necktie, and he was hand- 
some. ' It was the first time I had heard 
an English sparrow called handsome, but 
I tell you it wasn 't laughable a bit — no, not 
a bit. 

"'And then, there was another day,' 
she went on, 'and I thought I should have 
to skip it, sure. There wasn't another 
thing to look at in the house. The baby 
was sick, and I couldn't go out, and I was 
feelin' terrible, when' — here she caught 



From articles by Hiram students in Hiram College Advance. 

"I came to Hiram as the result of a deliberate choice. As I learned more of 
the school, I came to feel that Hiram was truly an ideal among small colleges. Its 
size, its standing among large schools, the spirit of its students and the peculiar de- 
votion of its Faculty, all impressed me most favorably. I have not been dis- 
appointed. ' ' 

The "Home-Coming" issue of the Advance, containing this and other articles 
of students, the inaugural address of President Bates, poem by Jessie Brown Pounds, 
articles by Judge F. A. Henry, and Professors E. B. Wakefield, B. S. Dean and 
G. H. Colton, sent free on application, also catalog. Address J. O. Newcomb, Sec- 
retary, Hiram, Ohio. 

Mention "The Christian-Evangelist." 

on the Face 

Those annoying and unsightly 
pimples that mar the beauty of 
face and complexion will soon 
disappear with the use of warm 
water and that wonderful skin 

Sulphur Soap 

Sold by all druggists. 

Hill's Hair and Whlik«r Dye 
Black or Brown, SOc. 

me by both hands, and the most radiant 
look came to her face — ' I saw the baby 's 
hair!' 'Saw the baby's hair!' I echoed. 
'Yes, a little bit of sun came in the win- 
dow, and I saw his hair, an' I'll never be 
lonesome any more.' And catching up 
the baby from the sidewalk, she said, 
as the sun played on this baby's hair, 
'Isn't it beautiful?' she asked. 'Yes, it is 
beautiful,' I answered. You have heard 
of artists raving over Titian hair. Well, 
as the sun played on this baby's hair, 
there were the browns, the reds, the golds, 
which make up the Titian hair. Yes, it 
was truly beautiful. ' Now shall we go 
on?' I said, taking the heavy baby from 
her. ' ' 




largest and Best Equipped School in the West; 
5 teachers of railroad experience. Students em- 
ployed on 52 roads. Attendance doubled last 
year. Many states represented. Attend on credit. 
Car fare paid. Write for Catalog. 

754 Irving Ave., Chillicothe, Mo. 

Endowed Colleges 


Correlated Schools 

Edncates men and women, boys and girls not toQf.htr 
but in Five Separuio Institutions under one manage- 
ment. The combination enables us to offer the l>t*t 
advantages and to 

Save Time and Mor.ey 

Tor particulars, address, stating age and sex of student. 

Chancellor WM. W. SMITH, A.M., LL.D. 

College Park, Lynchburg, Va. 



Competent Tem-h- 
ers; Student Gov- 
ernment; Complete 
Equipment; Articu- 
lates with Missouri 
Uuiversity;Full Lit- 
erary Courses; Sci- 
Physical Cultuie; 
Expression; Art; 
Domestic Seie'iee; 
Voice; Piano; Busi- 
ness Course ; Superb 
Dining Hall; Large 
Recreation Room; 
Sanitarium; Ample 
Campus; Tennis; 
Hockey; Basket 
Ball; Exceptionally 
Healthful Location. 
J. B. Jones, Pros. 
Fulton, Mo. 


July 9. 1908. 


• t 1 3 1 I I J I I 


By Stella Dysart. 


i mi ; i a mgi s 

e i b i ■ ■ ■ i g i i i 3 ■ e i i ^ 

"Aunt Mary is just impossible, that's 
all, ' ' Mildred declared. ' ' We 're entirely 
uncongenial, for one thing. I can not sit 
comfortably and listen to her talk about 
chickens and kinfolks, and kinfolks and 
chickens, for five minutes at a time, let 
alone being shut up in the same house with 
her for nine months of the year. ' ' 

' ' But you wonldn 't exactly be shut up in 
the house with her, ' ' remarked the gentle 
mother, who, withal, had a sense of humor. 

' ' The cows and chickens will not be in the 
house. ' ' 

"And cows and chickens are just about 
as interesting to me, ' ' said Mildred, ' ' as 
Aunt Mary herself. ' ' 

' ' Of course, I know, dear, ' ' said Mrs. 
Hayes, ' ' that it would be very hard for 
you to go and live with Aunt Mary, and 
•help her; but it seems to be the only way 
for you to go to high school. I wish you 
did not have to work your way. Perhaps 
we can pay your expeuses in a year or two, 
but you should start now. ' ' 

' ' Mother, dear, ' ' Mildred exclaimed, 
"don't I know how much you'd liise to send 
me through school without the help of Aunt 
Mary and her chickens, and how hard it 
is for you and father to keep all of us 
children, without paying school expenses? 
I suppose I ought to feel glad of this op- 
portunity, but I'm not. I don't believe I 
could stand it. I just hate chickens! And 
think of helping to take care of hundreds 
of them! And then to milk every night 
and every morning! I do believe I would 
carry the smell of the barnyard to school 
with me in spite of scrubbing. ' ' 

' ' Well, daughter, I do not want you to 
go unless you feel that you could be con- 
tented, ' ' Mrs. Hayes said presently. ' ' Your 
Aunt Mary has failings, but I would feel 
that you were in good hands with her. ' ' 

Mildred did not say anything. She turned 
away to the window to hide the tears that 
would come at the thought of giving up 
going to high school. 

"i ihink, " her mother went on, "that 
aside from your board being cheaper than 
a chore boy's wages, your aunt really wants 
you to come. She is a very lonely old 
woman who has always loved to be' with 
her relatives. ' ' 

Mildred was seized with the fear that if 
she listened to mother any longer she would 
yield and go to Aunt Mary's. 

' ' If she only would talk about something 
besides chickens and kinfolks," she pro- 
tested defensively. "And she thinks girls 
ought to be just like they were twenty 
years ago — and I — I should be just miser- 
able," she ended rather weakly. 

Mildred's mother looked at her attentive- 
ly for a moment. "Very well," she said, 
' ' we will write Aunt Mary that you do 
not care to come. ' ' 

But after all it was Mildred herself who 
carried the message to her Aunt Mary. It 
was a bright afternoon, scarcely a week 
later, that she tripped gayly up Aunt Mary 's 
flower-bordered walk to where that lady 
sat in her little front porch. 

"I've the greatest news," she called, 
"and mother said I must come right out 
and tell you about it as soon as I got to 
Asheville. ' ' 

Mildred felt like she wanted to hug some- 
body. Even Aunt Mary might do' at a 

"Did you come to stay, already?" asked 
Aunt Mary, with a little nervous emphasis 
on the "already." Aunt Mary liked to be 
prepared for things — even kinfolks. And 
school was not to begin for two weeks. 

"Oh. no," said Mildred quickly. "I 

didn't come to stay at all — not here. I 
have a position in town as relief girl at 
the telephone office, and I just came out 
to tell you about it. Jennie got it for me. 
You know Jennie Blair who works there. ' ' 

"But I thought you wanted to go to 
thigh school," said Aunt Mary. 

"And that is just what I'm going to 
do," cried Mildred, airily. "And going 
like a real lady, too. No dirty drudgery 
about it. There is a regular day girl and 
night boy beside me at Central," she went 
on more soberly. ' ' I only relieve them. My 
hours are from six to nine mornings and 
evenings, and a half hour at noon; and I 
get four dollars per week for it." 

"And your mother and father consented 
to this plan?" questioned Aunt Mary. 

Mildred's pretty face flushed. "Oh, yes," 
she said, and added after a moment, "moth- 
er thought it would be pretty hard for me 
with the school work, but I am sure that 
I will like it. ' ' 

"If there were only some of the rela- 
tives for you to stay with," said Aunt Mary, 
considering. "I suppose it would be too 
far for you to come away out here, and do 
the telephone work." 

"Oh, yes, indeed," said Mildred quick- 
ly. "I am to stay at the boarding house 
with Jennie. What I make at the 'phone 
will just pay expenses there. ' ' 

' ' It would be so much better, ' ' Aunt 
Mary persisted, "if you could be with your 
own kin. And I don't see," she continued 
energetically, ' ' how anyone could choose to 
sit with both ears fastened to a telephone 
and 'hello' for hours at a time, rather than 
be' out in the fresh of the country helping 
about chickens." 

"Oh, well," rejoined Mildred, "it de- 
pends upon the way one thinks about it. 
I don 't like poultry. ' ' Then she added, with 
the assurance of sixteen, "And I don't be- 
lieve in thinking any more of people just 
because they are related to you. ■ ' 

"Child, child," said Aunt Mary, "you 
shouldn 't sav that. Blood is thicker than 

iniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiir water. You'll think differently when you 
| get older." 

Mildred was silent. It was irritating to 
her that Aunt Mary — yes, and even mother 
regarded her as such a child. Well, Aunt 
Mary should see how nicely she, Mildred, 
could manage her own affairs! 

' ' How is your mother ? ' ' her aunt asked 
after a moment. ' ' Tell me about the 
folks. ' ' 

So the girl told her of the details of the 
home life since her last visit to them, while 
the afternoon slipped quickly away. 

Before Mildred went back to town, Aunt 
Mary took her out to show her some new 
chickens. ' ' It seems to me, ' ' she said, 
as she showed off their merits, "that there 
are few things so interesting as chickens. 
You're making a mistake, Mildred, in not 
coming here where you can have country 
air and food and healthful work, and be 
with your own folks like your mother would 
like to have you." 

But Mildred did not think so. It seemed 
to her that there was a silly fuss made over 
the mere accident of being related. She 
did not say this, but she listened to Aunt 
Mary and looked at the Barred Plymouth 
Kocks with a distinctly bored expression. 
and as soon as she could get away, hurried 
back to Jenny and the boarding house and 
the new duties at the office. 

Mildred never knew before how much it 
is possible to enjoy school. The tasks ac- 
complished, the friendships formed, and 
the delightful opening up before her of new 
and broader visions, enriched each day. 

Among Mildred Hayes' new school friends 
there were two who took special places in 
her heart. Annie Green, one of her class- 
mates, was one, and Maud Stacy, an upper 
class girl, was the other. 

It was not strange that Mildred should 
have been drawn to Maud Stacv. Maud 
was a general favorite. She was a girl 
possessed of rare accomplishments and per- 
sonal charms, and sne belonged to one of 
the best families in Asheville. She wa^ the 
impersonation of Mildred 's ideal. 

But Lucy was Mildred's famil ; *»r com- 
panion. She was an orphan who had re- 
cently been left all alone bv the .i^^ -f 
an aunt: and during the school term she 
was working for her board at the house 
where Mildred stayed. Perhaps it was a 






Sixtieth Session opens Sept. 9. Regular Col- 
lege and Preparatory Courses. Music. Art. 
Expression, Physical Culture, New Labora- 
tories. Splendid Campus, Attentive Home 
Care. Catalog and further information on 
E. L. BARHA.M, President, Camden Point, Platte Co., Mo. 


Located among the healthful West Virginia hills. 
68th year begins Tuesday. Sept. 22d. College 
courses offered: Classical. Scientific, Civil Engin- 
. eering. Ministerial. Normal; Music. Art. Oratory, 
" ——^^^^—^— Shorthand and Bookkeeping. Also high grade 

Preparatory School, which prepares for any college. Special supervision given to young boys and 
girls. Environments well nigh ideal. No saloons in the county. Six well-equipped buildings. Two 
large dormitories. New trolley line now in operation connecting Bethany hourly with Wellsburg, 
Wheeling, Steubenville and other Ohio River towns. Expenses very low! Board, room and tuition 
for the college year as low as $124. Opportunities for self support. A loan fund for ministerial 
students. Apply at once for catalogue. Address, PRESIDENT THOMAS E. CRAMBLET. 

Bethany. W. Va. 


A well-equipped co-educational school, 
located in the Capital City of Iowa. En- 
rollment this year exceeds 1,850. Ten well- 
equipped University Buildings. More than 
one hundred trained teachers in the faculty. 
Excellent Library facilities. 

eral Arts, Bible, Law, Medical, Music, 
Education, High School. 

THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION offers courses for 
teachers in all departments of our public schools from the 
kindergarten to the high school, including courses for 
pervisorS of music and drawing. 
THE UNIVERSITY HIGH SCHOOL offers the usual prepara- 
tory courses, and thorough courses in all business subjects, in- 
cluding shorthand and typewriting. 
Send for announcement of department in which you are interested. 


mutual bond between Mildred and Lucy 
that they were the only girls in school who 
were working their" way; or perhaps it is 
true that like attracts unlike, and that this 
was why quiet, shy Lucy and gay, impul- 
sive Mildred were fast trends before aiey 
had known each other for a week. 

For the first few weeks the telephone 
work went on very pleasantly, but after 
that it began to drag a little. It was hard 
for Mildred to drive herself down to work 
every day as soon as she was through din- 
ner in the evening, and to rise at five so 
that she might be at the office on time. She 
had led an active life on the farm, and 
sometimes when she had walked the few 
blocks that lay between the boarding house 
and the telephone office, she felt mat she 
would give a great deal to be free to walk 
on and on far out into the country. Her 
cheeks lost some of their color under the 
confinement of her double duties, and her 
appetite was not so keen as it had been out 
home. But who would not have an appe- 
tite for such cooismg as mother 's '! And 
as for red cheeks, Mildred had always con- 
sidered a pale complexion more artistic 
looking. Still, she was not quite ready to 
wholly give up comfort for artistic effect. 
And after all, it must be confessed, that 
dark rings under the eyes are even less 
artistic than rosy cheeks. 

Oh, well! There was always school upon 
which to fasten one 's thoughts if one got 
a bit of down-hearted and lonely. In the 
delight of study there or in the joyous 
relaxation of laughter and play at inter- 
mission, Mildred never thought of being 
tired or remembered that she had not been 
able to eat a bite of her lamplight break- 

And the Christmas visit home! Mildred 
began thinking about this before Thanks- 
giving. How she would tramp through 
country lanes then, and eat of mother 's 
cooking! And how good it would be not 
to sit with one's ear to the 'phone from 
school time till bed time, and then from 
rising until school time again! 

One afternoon, a few days before Thanks- 
giving, Mildred was one of a large group 
of girls that left school together. She usu- 
ally walked home with Lucy, but Lucy had 
aot been well for several days, and on this 
day had been unable to come to school at 
all. Maud Stacy was in the group, walking 
a little way before taking the car for her 
beautiful suburban nome, and an animated 
discussion of her recent election as presi- 
dent of a school society was going on. 

As the group paused at the crossing to 
wait for Maud's car, a queer little farm 
wagon with a huge hen-coop in the back 
came slowly toward them. It was driven 
by a woman in a big sun-bonnet, and its 
coising was announced by a sudden cack- 
ling and squawking from the coop which 
caused all the girls to look toward it a" the 
same time. A little ripple of amus;-ment 
ran round the group. 

"A rural concert in a box; no charge 
for admission, ' ' cried one. 

i4 I don't seem to catch the tune," 
xanghed another. 

Mildred flushed. The woman might have 
been Aunt Mary, except that Aunt Mary 
did not own a horse and wagon. 

The noise in the coop increased and the 
woman drew up her horse and peered back 
anxiously. As she did so Maud Stacy start- 
ed forward. 

"Why, it's Mrs. Weber," she cried, and 
in a moment was out in the street beside 
the wagon. Most of the girls followed, a 
little curiously. Maud was peering into 
the coop as anxiously as the owner herself. 
1 ' This is Mrs. Weber, girls, who lives 
next door to us," she called gayly, "and 
the inhabitants of this box have been f'rirrrls 
of mine since they were little balls of fuzz. ' ' 
"Can you see anything th^ --"-.->• 
questioned Mrs. Weber, after a brief nod 
to the girls. 

Maud stepped around the box, peering 



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through the cracks and reaching her firjgers 
in here and there with the daintiness and 
precision that characterized her. The 
squawking had quieted down now. 

"No, Auntie," she said at last, "I don't 
believe anything is the matter. Perhaps 
they got an inkling of what is coining." 

With an affectionate ' ' Thank you, dear, ' ' 
the woman drove on. 

' ' She lets me help her with her poultry, ' ' 
Maud said, looking after her. ' ' Sometimes 
she has hundreds of soft, downy, little chick- 
ens at a time; and she is showing me how 
to feed them. ' ' 

In a few minutes the girls had separated, 
but the little incident came into Mildred's 
mind again and again during the evening. 
How interested Maud had seemed in the 
coop of chickens! Maud Stacy, of all girls! 
It has a lonely, depressing effect to find 
something unexpected in one 's ideal. It 
made Mildred fairly homesick. She heartily 
wished that Thanksgiving were past, for it 
made the home-going seem so far away. 
She was glad when she found on coming 
home from the office at nine o 'clock that 
Jennie, who shared her room, was dressed 
to go out; for Mildred wanted to be alone. 

' ' We almost gave up going, ' ' Jennie ex- 
plained as she pulled on her gloves. ' ' We 
thought it would be too stormy. We're aw- 
fully late." Nevertheless she stopped at 
the door to say in a lowered voice, ' ' The 
doctor has been in to see Lucy since you 
went to the offce, Mildred, and he says that 
she has typhoid. They will send her to 
the hospital to-morrow. Poor girl! I'd 
have gone in to see her if I had had time." 
Then Jennie was gone. 

Mildred had time. Within five minutes 
she had bathed her face and rearranged her 
hair, and was on her way to Lucy's little 
room at the top of the house. She met 
Mrs. Besner, the landlady, on the way. 
' ■ How is Lucy ? ' ' she asked ; and in the 
same breath, "May I go in to see her?" 

' ' I don 't suppose there would be any 
harm done by your going in," Mrs. Bresner 
answered. ' ' I 'ye just been in and fixed 
her for the night. She doctor said she wasn 't 
to be excited," she added. 

Mildred knocked softly at the door. ' ' It 
is I, Mildred, ' ' she called. ' ' May I come 

' ' Oh, yes, ' ' answered Lucy 's voice and 
there was a glad welcome in the two words. 

A dim light was burning in the room and 
by it Mildred could see Lucy half rise on 
her bed as she entered. She went up to 
the bedside and took the sick girl's hot 
hands in her own. " I 'm so sorry you are 
sick," she said. 

Lucy squeezed the hands that clasped 
hers. Her usual cheerful smile reassured 
Mildred. "I don't feel very bad," she 
said. ' ' Please turn up the light and draw 
the chair up close to the bed. I'm hungry 
to talk to you." 

"I think you shouldn't talk much," Mil- 
dred ventured. But she did as Lucy asked. 
She began to wonder whether Lucy knew 
that she was very, ill, and that she was to 
be sent away to the hospital to-morrow. 
A hospital seemed a terrible place to Mil- 
dred. Lucy's next words enlightened her. 

"Isn't it kind of Doctor Dunlap to take 
me to the hospital ? ' ' she asked. 

"Oh, you want to go!" Mildred ex- 
claimed, relief and wonder in her tones. "I 
thought — " But she stopped suddenly at 
the look in Lucys face. "You don't. I 
know you don 't ! " she cried. ' ' I don 't un- 
derstand. " 

Lucy lay back among the pillows breath- 
ing quickly. Her eyes were very bright, 
but now suddenly they dimmed, and she 
put up both hands to draw Mildred's face 
closer. Then her arms fell limply beside 
her. But the face that looked up into Mil- 
dred's put on its own sweet smile. 

' ' I am glad to have some place to go, ' ' 
Lucy said. "Ever since I have felt that 
1 should bo quite sick I have been so afraid 

that poor Mrs. Besner would have me on 
her hands. ' ' 

"But — but isn't there some place else?" 
Mildred faltered, ' ' or someone we could 
send for? Why, you have so many friends 
here, Lucy! " 

"But I couldn't be a burden to friends," 
said Lucy quickly, a shade of reserve in her 
voice. Then she added quite simply, "Be- 
sides, there is no one who would want me. 
Priends are not like your own folks. ' ' 

Mildred was silent. She had come to 
comfort, and she feared she had only dis- 

' ' I have always had Auntie when I was 
sick before, ' ' Lucy went on after a mo- 
ment. ' ' I think that has spoiled me. I 
miss her so. It 's very hard not to have 
your own folks when you're sick." 

' ' I am coming to the hospital to see you 
often, " Mildred said, "and so will the 
other girls. ' ' 

' ' Oh, you are all so good ! ' ' cried Lucy. 
' ' I know you will. And I '11 have good 
care there and may be well very soon and 
back into school again. I hate missing 
school. Auntie was always so anxious for 
me to keep in school. ' ' 

"I hope you can be back soon," Mildred 
said soothingly. She could see that the flush 
on Lucy 's cheeks was brighter and that her 
breath was coming faster. ' ' You mustn 't 
worry about missing, though. You will catch 
up ail right. I can help you. But you are 
to keep quiet and get well first, you know. ' ' 

She went over and turned down the light, 
and came and laid her cool hand on Lucy 's 
hot forehead. ' ' I am going now, ' ' she 
said, ' ' so that you can sleep. But I will 
be in again at midnight to see if you need 
anything. Good night. ' ' 

"Good night," answered Lucy weakly. 

Mildred went out with a cheerful, noise- 
less step, and closed the door softly behind 
her. But once in her own room she cried 
a little. It did seem too bad for anyone 
to be sick and to be without home or kin- 
dred. Mildred picked up her alarm clock 
to set it at twelve, and there beneath it, in 
the usual place for Jennie to leave Mildred 's 
mail when she brought it up. was a letter. 
Mildred hastily picked it up and turned it 
over. Her first thought was that it was 
from home. The writing was much like 
mother's, but Mildred knew in a moment 
that it belonged to another. The letter was 
from her Aunt Mary. She opened it with 
a~ curious warmth in her heart. 

"In a few days Thanksgiving will be 
here, "it read, ' ' and I hope you can get 
out to spend the day with me. It is a day 
when kinfolks ought to get together, and 
be thankful for each other. ' ' 

There was more of the letter, but Mil- 
dred did not read any more for a little 
while. She sat looking at the letter. It 
was strange how like mother 's the writing 
was — and the love. Mildred felt that there 
was little Aunt Mary could find about her 
to be thankful for. But she would go. 
She did not go to the office at the noon 
hour on holidays, and that would give her 
almost the whole day. Somehow she did 
not dread a whole day with the Auut Mary 
she was thinking about now — the Aunt 
Mary who was thankful for her, because she 
iwas mother 's daughter. Mildred fell to 
thinking about Lucy and the aunt that Lucy 
loved. This was Lucy 's first Thanksgiving 
without her. 

Mildred did not need the alarm to awaken 
her at twelve o'clock that night, for when 
it rang out she was still awake. 

Thanksgiving day dawned bright and 
beautiful. There was no snow, but the air 
was clear and cold, with the stiiis? in it that 
makes brisk walks and cosy firesides en- 
joyable. Mildred 's walk out into the coun- 
try was delightful. She went by the hos- 
pital to inquire about Lucy, and was re- 
joiced to learn that the doctor thought hers 
would be a light case of the fever. The 
keen air put a color into Mildred's checks 

that was in harmony with Lt-r bright eyes 
and buoyant step. She felt as ir she were 
going home. And when one has been away 
for months — ana lor the first time, too — 
going home means something. 

Aunt Mary was out at the front gate 
watching for her. Keally, there was some- 
thing about Aunt Mary, at a little distance, 
that was wonderfully like mother. Mildred 
had never noticed it before. But of course 
they should look alike; they were sisters. 
Aunt Mary was ten years older than moth- 
er, and Mildred knew that she had often 
waited at this very gate for mother to come 
home from school. 

Perhaps Aunt Mary was thinking of those 
times, too, for there was a more tender look 
on her face than usual, and it did not seem 
at all strange to either of the two, when 
they met. that they should find themselves 
in each other 's arms. 

" It 's going to be a beautiful day, ' ' Aunt 
Mary said. And so it was. 

Mildred petted the cow, and insisted on 
looking at all the chickens; although it must 
be confessed that while she did so her at- 
tention was divided between listening to 
what Aunt Mary was saying about them, 
and watching with her mind's eye a face, 
beautiful, refined — an ideal face — alight 
with interest m — a coop of chickens! 

Well, there was one chicken that was of 
absorbing interest to Mildred for a ' time 
that day; and that was the well-browned 
and stuffed one that came to the dinner 
table. Aunt Mary was like mother in more 
ways than one. Mildred had not eaten with 
such relish for weeks. And such a jolly 
dinner as it was! Aunt Mary was good 
company when one was hungry for home; 
and many interesting things may oe said 
about kinsfolk by one who remembers the 
good and forgets the bad. Mildred added 
some of her school experiences to Aunt 
Mary 's stock in trade, and when she told 
of Lucy it was a bond between the one 
who told the tale and the one who listened, 
that Aunt Mary had known ever so lightly 
the aunt that Lucy loved. 

After dinner, when they had put away 
the dishes, they looked through Aunt Mary s 
family photograph album, with many a 
pause at faces caught and held on paper in 
their youth and beauty, that long since had 
grown old and faded, or had been covered 
with the dust of earth from sight; ,aud 
Aunt Mary told the girl more family his- 
tory than she had heard in all her life be- 
fore. Then .Mildred played on Aunt Mary's 
old organ and sang hymns and school songs 
while Aunt Mary listened and praised as 
kinsfolk can. They were both surprised 
when the clock struck five. 

"I must go," Mildred said. and. as she 
put on her hat and wraps a silence fell be- 
tween them. 

Aunt Mary broke it at last. "Can't you 
come back.*' she asked, "some Sunday, and 
spend the day again?" 

Then it was that Mildred unburdened 
herself of something of which she had been 
thinking for several days. 

"Oh. Aunt Mary!" she cried. "1 want 
to come and stay, and help you if yon will 
let me." 

The look on Aunt Mary's face was good 
to see. "I'll be glad to have you." she 
said. "I've wanted you all along." 

But the change could not be made in a 
moment. Of course. Aunt Mary s chore 
boy could stay on mr a while after Mildred 
came, but they must be given a week's no- 
tice at the telephone office before she left. 

Down at the gate, after they had talked 
it over. Mildred said, with a sudden soften 
ing of her gay voice. "It's the prodigal 
coming back." Aunt Mary. I've been waste- 
ful of the privileges of kinship." 

Aunt Mary smiled fondly. "Your mother 
will be glad you're coming." she said. 
"And here '3 whore you should be; kinfolks; 
are kinfolks." 

July 9, 1908. 



>*»***£»»>V 6 

Poor Felix! You don't know how sorry 
I am for that eat! If he just knew that 
we are going on a visit up to his native 
town, the town in which he was born, in 
which he played as a kittpn, strayed as a 
nameless quadruped, and finally drifted into 
our haven to be called ' ' Felix ' ' — that town 
where they won't have waterworks, and where 
the papers won't print who go to dances 
for fear of offending somebody 's kinfolks — ■ 
Let me begin this again. I say, if Felix 
knew that on this very day my father, moth- 
er and 1 (please notice that I do not say 
' ' myself " as if I thought I were a piece 
of merchandise) — I say, if he knew, this 
cat Felix, that we three are going to Platts- 
burg,- Mo., wouldn't he stop purring and 
rubbing his old-gold hair off on my coat, 
and want to be put into his box and carried 
northward? We are going among all his 
old friends, those who were glad to see him 
leave, and those who were sorry, the birds 
he aidA't catch, and the people who used to 
gaze upon him, and say, ' ' What a large 
cat ! " " What a handsome cat ! " "I never 
saw so large a cat in my life," etc. And 
we will be among his old haunts; the cot- 
tage in which he lived, the church that he 
used to look at, across the street, the prayer- 
meeting that he attended fully as regularly 
us some of the old members who knew all 
-about baptism, the streets (the unsprinkled 
.streets, unsprinkled, I mean, save by the 
heavens) he used to prowl athwart. I just 
now turned to Felix and said to him, "Oh, 
yes, old Felix, we're going to Plattsburg, 
to-day, don't you wish you were going 
too ? ' ' Old Felix said, ' ' Yih ! ' ' 

As we will have to spend the day at Grav- 
.ette, which is only a few miles from Ben- 
tonville, — in order to get articulated with 
Kansas City — in leaving Bentonville. one is 
usually provided with a nice day's waiting 
at some little town up the road, a lay-over, 
that you- buy with your ticket — I'll take 
along some Advance Society letters to be- 
guile the hours. When I went to Mexico, 
I had the privilege of staying at Gravette 
some thirteen hours, and though I remem- 
ber the rush and roar of traffic there — when 
a freight train comes in — and tne excite- 
ment along the broad streets — when that 
livery stable dog seized upon Morton's trous- 
ers — in which was Morton — still, one must 
not put in all the time enjoying such novel- 
ties. If I let the turmoil of city life pall 
iipon me here, I'll not get my money's 
worth in Kansas City. 

Here is a letter that simply fills me with 
glee and triumph. I want you to notice it, 
from Esther Vale Secrest, Marfa, Texas: 
-"We live way down in Texas, right on the 
border of Mexico. There are more Mexicans 
than Americans here. That story about 
■* Agnes' and 'Clem' was certainly fine. 
Write another one like it! " (Is that a 
4are? Do you think 1 can't do it?) "How 
is Felix getting along? I have a cat named 
-Sniokie; he has so much curiosity in him, 
I don't know what to do with him." (Why 
not let it out? That's what we do, when 
it gets too smoky. Now we come to the 
part of the letter that makes me laugh with 
delight) — "I saw your picture in The 
Christian-Evangelist; you are certainly 
good looking." (After that, what care I 
for the rebuffs of fortune and the criticisms 
of friends!) "I send 25 cents for Charlie, 
and the same for Drusie. " (Don't tell me 
Gravette is a dull little town; I'm having 
a fine time.) 

t ' Dallas News r ' ' Texas : ' ' Here is $5 for 
Drusie. Tell Felix that the next President 
of the United States will attend the Elks' 
Convention at Dallas, this month. We in- 
vite the old-gold cat to come to see him. 

Taf t will be glad to shake his paw. " (I 
delivered the message. Felix listened with 
a broad grin till I reached the last sentence, 
but wiieu 1 said "Taft, " he nearly fell off 
of his chair. 1 thinic he had in mind a name 
that begins farther up in the alphabet. 

S. A. Seat, Hematite, Mo.: "25 cents in 
stamps for missionary Drusie." 

Erville Olsen, Sunny Side Stock Farm, 
Ivanhoe, Minn. : " I send my first Av. S. re- 
port. 1 find in the society work remarkable 
instruction, and enjoy the Av. S. letters 
greatly, i expect to send some money for 
Urusie soon." (Remember our Ten Cent 
Shower ! ) 

Ruth W. Hunger, Watonga, Okla. : "1 
have read the Av. S. letters for a long time, 
and have decided to join. We organized 
an Advance Society of five members here, 
two weeks ago. The club meets Wednes- 
days, and the members make their reports, 
^nen we read the Av. S. Letters, and ' Tales 
from Shakespeare.' How is the weather 
in Bentonville? It has been very hot here, 
and cyclones have been unusually frequent. 
1 watched two near here r and then went 
to the cellar. I stood on the steps and 
watched another. 1 think Felix is a very 
interesting cat. We have an interesting dog, 
named Rudolph." (If he were here, Felix 
would be doubly interesting, and you could 
see a fourth cyclone. Our weather here is 
variable. It quickly gets hot, when inter-, 
esting dogs drift across our sky.) 

Earl R. Brown, Danville, 111. : ' ' When I 
sent in my eighth report, I called it the 
seventh, by mistake. I intended sending 
a quarter then, but Myrtle and Dorothy were 
sending their reports in the same envelope, 
and in some way, the letter got mailed be- 
fore the money was put into it. 1 enclose 
one now which you may use for the Av. S. 
as you think best." (Hurrah for this faitlr- 
ful band of three — Earl and Myrtle and 
Dorothy ! ) 

Raritan, 111. : ' ' Some time ago I sent $1 
for Drusie; now I send two more. You 
speak of wishing to keep Drusie in clothes. 
1 would be one to help, if there are any 
others to help. While I can't promise much, 
I would do what I could. Please don't 
print my name." (We may speak of this 
at another time. In the meantime, if any 
one has anything to say in that connection, 
let's hear it. And don't forget the Ten 
Cent Shower, August 12.) 

Mrs. Buena Vista Roth, Nonchalanta, 
Kans. : "I believe the Av. S. can support 
Drusie in China. I send fifty cents, my 
first offering. My son is a minister of the 
Gospel; I wish to aid in good works. We 
feel very poor out here in Western Kansas, 
as the drought was not broken until May 
31. Our wheat had about all perished. 
This sounds strange, when the country east 
was deluged with water. I hope the Av. S. 
letters will come pouring in, and the money 
also. I never fail to read the Av. S. de- 
partment." (I omitted the line from Esth- 
er Vale 's letter, stating that she is the 
daughter of a Christian minister. Glad to 
have two preachers' families represented 
this week. I like preachers. A card came 
to tell me that my old preacher at Platts- 
burg, Mo. — J. P. Pinkerton — has gone on 
a visit to Kentucky; so I won't get to see 
him ; too bad ! ) 

There are other interesting Av. S. let- 
ters received, but this is all I have brought 
with me to Gravette, so I suppose the rest 
of this article must be devoted to a brief 
sketch of my trip. I should have told you 
that Felix is in good hands. The daughter 
of Congressman Peel lives on one side of 
our Bentonville house, the daughter of Sen- 
ator Berry lives on the other, and both have 

promised to see that Felix is eared for. 
They are almost as illustrious, in their way, 
as Felix is in his, and of unquestionable 
democracy. As for Felix's conveniences, 
we have a box on the back porch with a rug 
in it, where the rain hardly ever comes. 
If there is a storm, he can crawl under 
the house or go to the barn, where there's 
plenty of nice soft hay in the loft. 

There's the hack — here we go! Toot, 
toot! Interesting pear orchards on the way 
to Gravette — the glossy trees look like so 
many green whisk brooms with their handles 
stuck in the ground. The wheels groan and 
sing, each one in a key of its own, and all 
out of time. Perhaps it would be better to 
have a choir among the best-oiled wheels 
and keep the others from joining in. At 
Gravette we go to the hotel, but we have 
brought such a delightful lunch with us, 
and I have such a melancholy recollection 
of the hotel meals that I decide to carry 
off my lunch somewhere and eat it. Thus, 
also, will I save fifty cents. About supper 
time, I steal away with my fried chicken, 
veal loaf and apple pie, desirous of getting 
out of range of the hotel clerk. I stop, 
at last, breathless, before an old frame build- 
ing, a church, with a strip of green in front. 
There the flies and I fought it cut till seven 
o'clock. Someone told me that the house 
was the Christian church, and I thought 
the footworn doorsill, broken windowpane, 
and knife-hacked fence-rail, all assumed a 
homely smile of welcome. Did some religious 
instinct lead me to that spot instead of 
to some other? 1 know, at least, that 1 
couldn't have felt more at home any other 
place. When I sneaked back to the hotel 
where my parents were maintaining respect- 
ability, the hotel force gave me a cold eye 
and no longer offered the daily papers. 

On the train for Kansas City we met a 
stranger who, learning who we were, im- 
mediately wanted to know what had become 
of Felix. At Jopbn the mines were hidden 
by the darkness, and at Pittsburg, Kan., 
the fat woman got off. At Kansas City we 
saw the river's overflow playing in the 
rooms of deserted houses, and as our train 
for Plattsburg carried us farther and far- 
ther from Felix, we saw more bluegrass 
running wild, than ever we saw caught and 
tamed in Arkansas. But the corn looked 

For they have had many showers here, 
and here started the Ten Cent Shower for 
Drusie. It was in this way. We three are 
out at Chas. Scearce 's farm where we catch 
plain fish and crawfish, also frogs, and have 
sure enough ice cream; here we were visited 
by Mr. and Mrs. J. O. Johnston who have 
long been friends of the Av. S., and they 
started the rain with fifty cents for our mis- 

There is a cat out here on the farm that 
I feel sorry for, it has such a poor spirit. 
It hasn't any name, but it doesn't need 
one, for it is just cat. One ear is gone, 
but I can't see that it does much good with 
the one it has. I say "it," for really it 
is not individual enough to call for more 
particular reference. There is a dog here, 
also, and that cat will let the dog kiss it, 
which the dog does every once in a while. 
I'd like to see any dog kiss Felix! If I 
were a cat I should want to be a cat all over, 
shedding my hair and unkissed by dogs. 
But not being a cat, I don't dread water; 
I enjoy showers; and I hope we'll have a 
heavy one for Drusie. We have only about 
a month until August 12. Continue to ad- 
dress me at Bentonville, Ark. 




This Paper Printed with Ault & Wiborg Ink 



e Pictures 

A collection of 120 from the Old Testament and 120 from the New Testament 
Size 5x6 and beautifully colored. Each collection in a convenient portfolio. 


And having made special arrangements with the publishers, we are in position 
to suppiy them at the remarkably low price of 


Upon receipt of $1.00 we will send by mail, postpaid, either the 
Old Testament or New Testament collection,— the selection to be made 
by the purchaser. 


We will send these pictures to subscribers to "The Christian-Evangelist' 



1. A portfolio containing the full collection of 120 
pictures, either Old Testament or New Testament studies, 
free of charge, postpaid, to any subscriber to "The 
Christian Evangelist " who sends us $3.00 to apply on his 
or her subscription. Besides sending the portfolio free of 
charge, postpaid, we shall credit the subscriber the full 
amount, $3.00, to pay the subscription for a period of two 
years. This offer applies to subscribers who are in ar- 
rears or to those who are paid up and wish to pay that 
much in advance, from the date to which their subscrip- 
tions are now paid. 

2. The same offer as above to any subscriber who 
sends in $3.00 — one-half of this amount to apply on his 
or her own subscription, and one-half for a new subscriber 
for one year. 

3. A portfolio containing a collection of 48 pictures, 
either Old Testament or New Testament studies, free of 
charge, postpaid, to any subscriber to "The Christian- 
Evangelist" who sends us $1.50 to apply on his or her 
subscription. Besides sending the portfolio free of cnargc, 
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pay the subscription for a period of one year. This offer 
applies to subscribers who are in arrears, or to those who 

are paid up and wish to pay that much in advance, from 
the date to which their subscriptions are paid. 

4. A portfolio containing a collection of 48 pictures, 
either Old Testament or New Testament studies, free of 
charge, postpaid,* to any NEW subscriber to ' ' The Chris- 
tian-Evangelist " sending us $1.50 for one year's subscrip- 

5. A portfolio containing a collection of 48 pictures, 
either Old Testament or New Testament studies, free of 
charge, postpaid, to any of our present subscribers who 
send us a new subscriber under the terms set fortn I* 
the preceding paragraph (No. 4). That is, we will send 
a portfolio containing 48 pictures to the new subscriber, 
and also a portfolio containing 48 pictures to the old sub- 
scriber sending us the new subscription. 

6. A portfolio containing full collection of 120 pic 
tures, either Old Testament, or New Testament stuiie*_ 
free of charge, postpaid, to any subscriber to "The 
Christian-Evangelist" who sends us two new subscrip- 
tions, accompanied by $3.00 to pay for same for one year 
in advance. To each of the new subscribers we will send 
a collection of 48 pictures of either Old Testament or New 
Testament studies. 


7. Two portfolios one containing the full collection of 120 pictures of Old Testament studies, and one collection 
containing 120 pictures of New Testament studies, both f i ee of charge and postpaid, to any subscriber to "The CLris- 
tian-Evangelist " who sends us three new subscriptions, accompanied by $4.50, to pay for the same for one year in 
advance. To each of the new subscribers we will send a collection of 48 pictures of either Old or New Testament, 

We reserve the right to withdraw this offer at any time, without notice. 




Volume XLV. 



Number 29. 




ST. LOUIS, JULY 16, 1908. 






HY should I be envious of the little fame 
That clusters 'round another's place and name? 
Tis but a little while— the world is brief— 
The end of gladness is the end of grief. 

No matter ! I forget it, let it pass- 
As I forget the shadow on the grass 
1 walked on yesterday. To-day for me 
Is a new future ! I will hope and be 
Whit yesterday 1 dreamed of! What to-day 
I hold is worthless but to throw away ! 

Love lives forever in the rosy dawn — 
I greet my future ! Let the past be gone ! 




July 16, 1908. 

The Christian-Evangelist* 

J. H. GARRISON, Editor 

PAUi; MOORE, Assistant Editor 
F. D. POWER, ; 


Staff Co ispondents. 

Published by the Christian Publishing Company 
!712 Pine Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Entered at St. Louis P. 0. as Second Class Matter 

All Matter for publication should be addressed to 
The Editor. 

Unused Manuscripts will be returned only if ac- 
aompanied by stamps. 

News Items, evangelistic and otherwise, are 
solicited, and should be sent on a postal card, if 

Subscription Price, ?1.50 a Year. 

For Canada add 52 cents and for other foreign 

countries $1.04 for postage. 


Fotf the Christ of Galilee, 

For the truth which makes men free, 

For the bond of unity 

Which makes God's children one. 

Far the love which shines in deeds 
For the life which this world needs, 
For the church whose triumph speeds 
The prayer: "Thy will be done." 1 

for the right against the wrongs 
For the weak against the strong, 
For the poor who've waited long 
For the brighter age to be 

Pew the faith against tradition. 
For the truth 'gainst superstition, 
For the hope whose glad fruition 
Our waiting eyes shall see. 

For the city God is rearing, 
For the New Earth now appearing, 
For the heaven above us clearing, 
And the song of victory. 

J. H. Garrison. 


Current Events 899 

Editorial — ■ 

The Religious Newspaper for the 

Times 900 

Paul Revised 901 

What Defiles a Man— Or a Church?.. 901 

Notes and Comments 901 

Current Religious Thought 902 

Editor 's Easy Chair 903 

Contributed Articles — • 

The Glorious Liberty of the Children 

of God. W. Daviess Pittman 904 

What One Railroad Is Doing for Its 

Men. Arthur Holmes 905 

The Church Out of Doors. William 

Henry Meredith 906 

As Seen from the Dome. F. D. Power. 907 
Our Co-operative Work. J. H. O. 

Smith 908 

Our Budget 909 

Adult Bible Class 913 

News from Many fields 915 

Evangelistic 918 

Midweek Prayer-Meeting 919 

Christian Endeavor 919 

Sunday-school 920 

People 's Forum , 921 

Obituaries 921 

The Home Department < 922 

<iThe New Orleans Convention 

OCTOBER, 1908 



Leaving St, Louis Oct. 7th, at 1.50 P. M. 
Arriving at New Orleans next day at 10.30 A. M. 

RAILROAD FARE--round trip, - - $18.25 

Sleeping car (single berth) both ways, 4.50 

" (double berth) '' '' 9.00 

St. Charles Hotel (European) per day, 1.00 

In the matter of board at New Orleans, the dele- 
gates may go to the St. Charles Hotel at $1.00 and 
up per day, or may find much cheaper lodging else- 
where. Full particulars sent on application, but let 
us urge those who intend to take 


over the 


to send to us their names and addresses so that we 
may keep them fully advised, and otherwise keep in 
touch with them. 

» Sincerely, 

xT < <^0<j£t/--£^^(-/^^ 

Business Manager, 

Bible Lesson Picture Roll 




Each Leaf 27 x 37 Inches, 

Containing a picture, beautifully colored, illustrating the lessons. 
These rolls are well mounted, strong and durable. Thirteen leaves in each roll 
a leaf for each lesson in the quarter. 

PRICE, prepaid, 75 ceat«. 

Picture Lesson Cards. 

Size ?J^x4 Inches. 

A reduced fac-simile of the above; put up in sets containing one card for 
each Sunday. 

PRICE for set, per quarter, 2y 2 cents. 

\ Of all Bible school helps for the little folks, this roll and these cards are the best 

Bright colors catch the infant eyes at once, and the lesson is 

learned through the eyes of the little ones before the 

teacher can explain by word of mouth. 

If you have never used them, do so beginning with next quarter; but, 
NOW IS THE TIME TO ORDER from us, so we will get them to you by 
the last Sunday of this quarter. 


ST. louis. :: 




Volume XLV. 

ST. LOUIS, JULY 16, 1908. 

Number 29. 

The only event of the past week was 
the Democratic convention aDd the nomi- 
nation — p e r h a p s 
Bryan Nominated, one should say the 
renomination — of 
Mr. Bryan as the Democracy's presiden- 
tial candidate. It was impossible to ap- 
preciate, until the actual moment of the 
nomination came, how complete was Mr. 
Bryan's hold upon the party, and how fu- 
tile and artificial were the movements in 
opposition to him and in behalf of other 
candidates. Any one who is still prepared 
to claim that Mr. Bryan was forced upon 
"the party, must be willing to credit him 
and his allies with a degree of political 
genius unparalleled in the annals of poli- 
tics. Any one who has the ability to get 
himself so overwhelmingly nominated, 
ought to be his party 's choice even if he 
were not. But there can be no reasonable 
doubt in any unbiased mind but that the 
selection of "Nebraska's gifted son," rep- 
resents the actual wish of the vast ma- 
jority of the Democratic party. The nom- 
ination was reached on the first ballot, 
after an unsuccessful attempt to stampede 
the convention into a unanimous nomina- 
tion by acclamation before the platform 
had been reported by the committee. The 
vote stood: Bryan, 892; Gray, 60; John- 
son, 46. Johnson carried no entire delega- 
tion except that from his own state, in 
addition to which he had scattering votes 
from Connecticut, Georgia, Maine, Mary- 
land, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania and 
Rhode Island. Judge Gray g-ot the entire 
vote of his own state (Delaware) and also 
of New Jersey, most of the vote of Geor- 
gia, and a few votes from Pennsylvania. 
The nomination of Mr. Bryan intensifies 
his unique distinction of being the most 
popular defeated leader that any party in 
this country has ever had. 

The platform-makers experienced all the 
difficulty that was anticipated in framing 
a political creed 
which would pre- 
s e n t a clear-cut 
issue with the policies proposed in the Re- 
publican platform. 

There is ,a timely denunciation of 
extravagance in federal expenditures and 
of the despotic power of the Speaker of 
the House of Representatives. Attention 

The Democratic 

is called to the failure of the Republican 
platform to take a stand for publicity of 
campaign contributions or against contri- 
butions from corporations. The tariff 
plank is not particularly radical, demand- 
ing only the removal of the protective 
tariff upon trust-made articles, the free 
admission of paper-pulp and the materials 
used in its manufacture (as recommended 
by President Roosevelt) and the gradual 
reduction of duties to a revenue basis. The 
injunction plank provides that "injunc- 
tions should not be issued in any cases 
in which injunctions would not issue if no 
industrial dispute were involved. ' ' There 
is no provision for jury-trial in applica- 
tions for injunctions. 

John W. Kern, of Indianapolis, is the 

Democratic nominee for Vice-President. 

(As a memory ex- 
The Vice-Presiden- „ , . „ 

.. , ,_ . .. ereise, try to recall 

tial Nomination. J 

who the defeated 

candidates for that office in the first and 
second Bryan campaigns were. If that is 
too hard, try to think of the names of 
the successful candidates for the vice- 
presidency in 1896 and 1900). His nomina- 
tion was undoubtedly dictated by a feeling 
of the expediency of placing on the ticket a 
man from a doubtful and possibly pivotal 
state. It has been doubtful whether it 
is proper to consider Indiana a doubtful 
state, but if the negro vote is lined up 
against Taft by an ingenious appeal to 
prejudice based on the Brownsville epi- 
sode, Indiana may easily slip into the 
doubtful column or beyond. Her large ne- 
gro vote may easily wield a balance of 
power in a fairly close contest. Mr. Kern 
is a graduate of the University of Michi- 
gan, class of 1869, and his nomination 
completes the quartette of candidates, 
every one of whom is a college graduate. 


About a month ago we made note of the 
fact that Mr. Hearst had won a final favor- 
able decision in his 
long legal fight to 
have a recount of 
the votes cast in the election for mayor of 
New York two years ago. On the face of 
the returns, Mr. Hearst was rather badly 
beaten by Mr. McClellan. Mr. Hearst 
claimed that there was fraud, and that there 1 
had been a false count of the ballots. He 
has been fighting for a recount under condi- 
tions which would insure an honest and accu- 
rate count, and this fight -e has won. The 
votes have been counted again, and it is 

The Recount in 
New York. 

found that the former returns were substan- 
tially correct. So on this point Mr. Hearst 
loses. Still, the issue leaves him in a much 
better position than Mayor McClellan. 
Hearst always claimec that he was not fight- 
ing for the office of mayor, but for a fair 
count to determine whether or not he had 
been elected. He was not claiming the 
office, but he was claiming a right to have a 
fair count of the votes. In so far he was 
both correct and successful. Mayor Mc- 
Clellan 's persistent opposition to the re- 
count, which he obstructed by every known 
legal device and managed to postpone near- 
ly two years, seemed to indicate a secret 
belief that the election returns would not 
bear looking into. It would have been 
rather a handsome thing — and entirely safe 
thing, as it has turned out — if, when Hearst 
called for a recount, McClellan had said: 
' ' By all means let us have the boxes opened 
and the votes recounted again if there is any 
doubt about it, for I do not want this office 
unless I have been honestly elected to it." 
Instead of that, he did everything possible 
to prevent a recount, and being defeated in 
that contest it can not be that he finds very 
great satisfaction in knowing now that he 
might just as well have courted investiga- 
tion as to have obstructed it. 

The announcement of the death of 
Blind Tom will come as a surprise. Most 
of those who knew 
Blind Tom. something about 

him have believed 
him dead many years, while the younger 
generation will wonder who he was. A 
Georgia slave, he was an idiot from child- 
hood. But he was a human phonograph. 
He had the faculty of reproducing sounds 
which he heard. Especially remarkable 
was his ability to reproduce on a piano 
any music he heard. The expert musician 
might notice defects of omission or varia- 
tion but the general effect was reproduced 
in a remarkable way. And it was not 
the simple strains of popular music that 
he remembered; he would imitate the dif- 
ficult productions of Handel or Beethoven. 
And the notable thing is that he was al- 
ways an idiot. His mind apparently had 
no development, and after a magnificent 
rendering of sublime music the performer 
would grimace and leaping from the 
piano stool applaud himself, seemingly 
just because the audience was applaud- 
ing. One of the romances of life is that 
a blind, idiotic babe, considered of no 
value when his mother was bought as a 
slave, should bring to himself such fame 
and to a family large fortune. 



July 16, 1908. 

The Religious Newspaper for 
the Times. 

Now that we have had a little breeze of 
criticism of our evangelism, which we doubt 
not will prove to be salubrious in the long 
rim, it might be well to direct attention to 
our religious journalism, with the view of 
elevating its tone, and making it more effi- 
cient in accomplishing the work which it 
is seeking to cio. We are sure that all our 
editors will agree with us that our journal- 
ism is far from perfect, and that it has by 
no means reached the true ideal — not even 
our own ideal. Not only is this true, but 
we feel equally sure that there is a strong 
desire on the part of those who are conduct- 
ing our religious journals to make them 
better, and that they will welcome any sug- 
gestion looking to that end. What are some 
of the faults of our religious journalism? 

We can imagine that some one occupying 
an independent position, so that he would 
be in no clanger of incriminating himself 
by his criticism, and looking dispassionately 
at our religious newspapers from the point 
of view of the best interests of our Cause, 
and of the kingdom of God, might, in the 
spirit of perfect fairness, and even of kind- 
ness, point out some such faults as the fol- 
lowing : 

1. It is too limited in its scope. Nothing 
that has to do with the welfare of humani- 
ty should be foreign to the religious news- 
paper. It should take in the whole wide 
field of moral and religious activity, and all 
the great movements that have to do with 
human progress and human welfare. Our 
religious newspapers are too exclusively re- 
ligious, in the narrowest sense of that word, 
and lack in human interest. Then, again, 
they are too exclusively concerned with 
that special type ■ of religion, or with the 
special religious movement, which they rep- 
resent, and they do not give their readers 
a sufficiently broad outlook of what is being 
done by all the forces of righteousness for 
the redemption of the world. 

2. Very closely allied to the above is the 
next criticism, viz: that the spirit of our 
religious journals is not sufficiently broad, 
catholic and charitable; that they look too 
much each on its own things, and not suffi- 
ciently on the things of others; that they 
are not always willing to attribute equal 
honesty of purpose and sincerity of motive 
to those who differ from them in their re- 
ligious convictions or theological conclu- 
sions. There is, therefore, sometimes, if not 
so much as formerly, yet too much even yet, 
a tendency to present others in a wrong 
light, or, at least, in the most unfavorable 
light, and to fail to give them due credit 
for the good they are doing in the world. 

3. Then, again, our independent critic 
might say, there is often lacking that de- 
vout, reverential and deeply religious spirit 
that people have a right to look for iu a 
religious journal. In spite of being too re- 

ligious, as has been intimated, in the nar- 
rower sense of the term, that is, as dealing 
too exclusively with subjects called reli- 
gious, they are lacking often in that real 
devotional spirit, when treating religious 
topics, which many readers find necessary 
to their spiritual life. The spirit of reli- 
gion should pervade the discussion of all 
topics, whether known as secular or re- 

4. Religious newspapers do not have the 
appearance, to an independent observer, of 
being sufficiently divorced in their spirit and 
policy from the control of the counting 
room; in other words, commercialism seems 
to invade even the religious press, and one 
is often led to doubt whether the zeal mani- 
fested in behalf of a given movement is 
purely for the advancement of the Kingdom 
or has beneath it, as a controlling motive, 
financial considerations. 

5. Again, says our independent on- 
looker, there is apparent a lack of the 
highest religious culture and the best theo- 
logical training, even in the editorial writ- 
ings of our journals. Their editorials do 
not grapple with the great living questions 
of the day in a manner that shows that 
the writers are acquainted with the best 
thought of the times upon these questions. 
If the religious press of to-day is to com- 
mand the confidence of thinking people, it 
must show an acquaintanceship with the 
conclusions of the world 's best scholarship, 
and thus deal in an enlightened manner 
with those problems which are challenging 
the attention of thoughtful men. 

6. Finally, says our critic, our religious 
papers are not sufficiently popular. They 
do not reach, all of them together, perhaps 
more than half our membership. There 
are members by the scores in almost every 
church that take no religious paper. Be- 
sides, no religious journal ought to be eon- 
tent to secure only church members for its 
subscribers. It ought to go into hundreds 
and thousands of homes where the parents, 
though not religious themselves, are more 
or less interested in what is being done in 
the religious world, and feel the need of 
such literature for their children. Our ed- 
itors, therefore, should popularize their pa- 
pers, giving sufficient variety to make them 
attractive to a large class of readers who 
will want the paper because of what they 
find in it and will not have to be contin- 
ually solicited to subscribe and then to re- 
new their subscription. 

These are some of the criticisms, stated 
very briefly, which we can imagine an in- 
telligent and independent observer and 
reader of our religious journals might 
make. We confess, at the outset, that we 
believe there is truth iu every one of them. 
And yet, looking at the problem from the 
inside, and in the light of long experience, 
we might say many things in extenuation 
of these faults ou the part of our editors 
and publishers. It is one thing to have 
a great and splendid ideal of what a reli- 
gious paper should be. and quite another, 
and much more difficult thing, to realize 
that ideal under actual existing conditions. 
For instance, do the people whom these 

religious papers represent want an ideal 
religious journal ! People generally get 
what they want. Would it not require an 
ideal religious body to demand and sup- 
port an ideal religious paper? These ques- 
tions bring our heads out of the skies at 
once, and cause us to face actual condi- 
tions. Of one thing, however, we are sure, 
and that is that a religious paper should 
lead, and should constantly create a de- 
mand for a higher type of religious jour- 
nalism, as well as a higher type of reli- 
gious life, for it is the latter that controls 
the former. 

Both our editors and publishers are es- 
pecially interested in the last criticism 
mentioned above, viz: that our papers do 
not command a sufficiently wide patronage. 
That means, we suppose, that they are not 
sufficiently popular. How to popularize 
them without pauperizing them, religiously, 
is the problem. It does not suffice to point 
to journals that have attained popularity 
that make no pretensions to being religious. 
Some of these are filling useful fields, and 
are accomplishing good, but they do not 
answer the purpose of a religious journal. 
The moment a paper becomes religious in 
its character, it takes on certain unavoid- 
able limitations. And yet we believe there 
is much to be done in popularizing reli- 
gion, but chiefly in the way of making, 
the people see that religion is a common, 
human interest, and has to do with our 
common, human nature; that all men have 
a religious nature, and that the cultivation 
of this nature is essential to the highest 
happiness, and ,the best development of 
every rational human being. This is one 
of the tasks of religious journalism, and 
of the pulpit. Meanwhile religious jour- 
nalism has to face the prejudice and mis- 
judgment of those who look upon religion 
as something foreign to their nature or 

But we are far more interested in cor- 
recting these faults, so far as it is possi- 
ble to do so, than we are in extenuating 
them. Therefore, our gratitude will be 
due to any of our readers who, not in any 
spirit of faultfinding, but in the spirit of 
helpfulness, will tell us how we may make 
The Christian-Evangelist a more worthy 
representative of the religion of Jesus 
Christ, and a more efficient advocate in 
these days of a return to the Christianity 
of Christ with all its pristine purity and 

"It is a popular delusion." says the Hon. 
Champ Clark, "that any one can run a news- 
paper or keep a hotel." Yet no real news- 
paper man feels that he ' ' knows it all. ' ' As 
Walter B. Stevens, one of the most noted of 
these, says: "To err is as journalistic as 
it is human."' But believing with Vice- 
President Fairbanks, that "it is impossible 
to exaggerate the value of the contribution 
to the progress of any community, large or 
small, which is made by a newspaper hon- 
estly and intelligently conducted." we are 
ready to do what we can, with the co-opera- 
tion of our readers, to be more helpful. 
Fearless and without favor we go forward 
in service. 

July K', 1908. 



Paul Revised. 

In his letter to the Corinthians Paul re- 
bukes the. church in Corinth for its divi- 
sions, in which one was saying, "I of 
Paul; and I of Apollos; I of Cephas; and 
1 of Christ. ' ' He said these divisions 
-came of their carnality and exhorted them 
to be " in the same mind and in the same 
judgment." In his Ephesian letter he ex- 
horted the brethren to ' ' keep the unity 
of the Spirit in the bond of peace," and 
then proceeds to mention the great unities 
of the church which make it one. He also 
likened the church in another place to the 
human body, with its different members co- 
operating under one head. So should the 
members of Christ 's body co-operate un- 
der him, who is its living head. 

So much for Paul; but now comes the 
' ' Christian Instructor, ' ' of Philadelphia, 
and instructs us differently. After refer- 
ring to the different divisions in the church, 
it says : 

' ' So we can not but think that this ri- 
valry under proper control is very helpful 
to* the progress of mankind in spiritual 
things. The great Head of the Church is 
making no mistake in permitting these 
things to exist in the church any more than 
rivalry and struggles in woridly things. 
' Competition is the life of trade. ' Where 
Eome rules with absolute power, progress 
is at an end. ' ' 

This was not Paul's idea, as we have 
seen. Nor was it the idea of Jesus, who 
prayed that his followers might be one. 
' ' The great head of the church ' ' is doing 
what he can, in view of our poor human 
nature, to heal these divisions and unite 
his divided church. All who believe on him 
should co-operate with him in bringing 
about this end. For the church to compete 
with itself would be about as sensible as 
a business house to compete with itself. 

It is an old and outgrown apology for 
our divisions to refer to the despotism of 
Eome, as if there were but two citernatives 
— either a divided and competing Protes- 
tantism, or the absolute despotism of Eome. 
But too may Chustians have caught a vision 
of something better than either a divided 
Protestantism or Eomish despotism to ever 
be satisfied with either. We suggest that 
' ' The Christian Instructor ' ' revise its view 
to harmonize with Paul, rather than to seek 
to revise Paul. 

Wliat Defiles a Man— Or a 

Jesus gave great offense to the Phari- 
sees of his day by telling them that, ' ' Not 
that which entereth into the mouth defileth 
the man, but that which proceedeth out of 
the mouth, this defileth the man. ' ' Even 
Peter was puzzled by the statement and 
asked an explanation. To him Jesus said: 
"Are ye also, even yet, without understand- 
ing? Perceive ye not that whatsoever go- 
eth into the mouth passeth into tie belly 
and is cast out into the draught"? But the 
things which proceed out of the mouth 
come forth out of the heart; and they de- 
file a man. For out of the heart come forth 
evil thoughts, murdeis, adulteries, fornica- 

tions, thefts, false witness, railings: these 
are the things which defile the man. ' ' 

It is the author of ' ' Ecce Homo, ' ' we be- 
lieve, who says that this distinction of 
Jesus alone is sufficient to mark him as 
vastly superior to all the religious teachers 
of his time. 

This was a lesson on the inwardness of 
his religion, as having to do with the mo- 
tives and purposes of the heart, which the 
Church has been slow to learn. There are 
yet those who would feel themselves ' ' de- 
filed" by eating meat on Friday, or dur- 
ing Lent, or in neglecting some other cere- 
monial requirement of the Church, who 
would not feel defiled by drunkenness, pro- 
fanity and false dealing with their neigh- 
bors. Few of us have learned the impor- 
tance of guarding the mind and heart 
against evil desires and thoughts, as the 
source of all sinful action. 

We are led to wonder sometimes if we 
are not in danger of making the same kind 
of a mistake as to what defiles or brings 
into disrepute a religious body. Some good 
people resist all honest, frank self-criticism 
as likely to injure our cause. It is a club, 
they say, put into the hands of our ene- 
mies, by which they can do frightful dam- 
age to us. We wonder if Jesus would not 
say to such, ' ' Not those evils which are 
condemned by a religious body, defile it or 
injure its standing with others, but those 
evils which are condoned, and which are 
looked upon with complacency, these defile 
and injure a church or religious body. ' ' 

All honor to the man who has the cour- 
age to condemn his own shortcomings and 
errors. All honor to the political party 
or to the Church that closes not its eyes 
to its own faults, but seeks in the spirit 
of humility to point them out and then 
correct them. It is not the mere exist- 
ence of faults either in the individual or 
in an organization that brings discredit, 
for we are all human and liable to err; it 
is the attitude of the individual, or of the 
organization, toward the faults that deter- 
mines their character, standing, and destiny. 
To condone the evil, to lack the courage 
to point it out, to fail to see its evil con- 
sequences, these are the things that defile 
a church or a religious movement. 

m ® 

The eulogies which have been passed upon 
the late ex-President Grover Cleveland since 
his death, regardless of party lines, are an- 
other reminder that the tombs of the 
prophets are often builded by the sons of 
those who stoned them to death. But Mr. 
Cleveland did not have to wait so long for 
his vindication. Even before his death, but 
after he was out of politics, he enjoyed the 
confidence of the people of the country gen- 
erally in his courage and honesty. This 
must have been some consolation to him, in 
his last days, for the bitter war that was 
made upon him, both within and without his 
own party. After all, it does not matter so 
much what one 's contemporaries may think 
of him, as what is to be the final verdict of 
history as to his character and place in the 
world. It is character that lives and regis- 
ters itself in the memory of mankind, when 
all else is forgotten. 

Notes and Comments 

"The Standard" (Baptist), of Chicago, 
has a significant comment on the action of 
the Northern Baptist Convention in its ap- 
pointment of a commission to investigate 
the conditions and needs of the religious 
press of the denomination. It says: 

"It is a rather significant fact that as 
soon as the Baptists at Oklahoma City re- 
alized that they had actually organized the 
denomination, and the Northen Baptist 
Convention was a reality, they began to 
consider by what means the denomination 
could express itself. Naturally, the con- 
vention turned to the religious pres^. One 
of the most noteworthy actions of the con- 
vention was the vote to appoint a commis- 
sion to study the condition and needs of 
the denominational papers and to point out 
methods by which they can be made more 
prosperous and hence more useful. The 
convention also recognized the practical 
helpfulness of the denominational press by 
distributing the hundreds of copies of the 
papers containing the reports of the con- 
vention — and paying for them! If the 
commission, which has not yet been ap- 
pointed, shall be rightly constituted and 
give the matter that careful investigation 
and consideration which the problem de- 
mands, and shall be able to suggest prac- 
tical means for improvement, it will have 
performed a most needed and useful serv- 
ice for the denomination. ' ' 

The only thing concerning which no re- 
ligious body that values its reputation and 
its mission in the world can afford to be in- 
different, is its religious press. The Baptists 
have acted wisely in appointing this com- 
mission. The Disciples of Christ did prac- 
tically the same thing at their last annual 
• convention in the appointment of a com- 
mittee of twenty-five, though the scope of 
its action is a little wider. 

Our same contemporary, from which we 
make the foregoing extract, is not wholly 
reconciled to the union which has been ef- 
fected between the Memorial Baptist Church 
of its city and the First Christian Church. 
It thinks it has been accomplished with 
' ' undue haste, ' ' and that the ' ' denomina- 
tional relationship of the new church is not 
well defined. ' ' it fears that ' ' a new de- 
nomination may be born which is both 
Disciple and Baptist, but neither Disciple 
nor Baptist." Well, if denominationalism 
is a good thing, what objection is there to 
a new denomination? If it is an evil which 
we are trying to get rid of, why not re- 
joice that these brethren have subordinated 
uenominationalism to the best interests of 
the kingdom? And then the editor of the 
"Standard" (Baptist) is concerned to 
know ' ' what relation our friend, the 
new pastor of the united churches, will 
bear to the Baptist denomination. ' ' 
"Does he become, by reason of his 
office, a Baptist, while he still remains 
dean of the Disciple Divinity School, and 
editor of the ' Christian Century ' ? Does 
he remain a Disciple?" These questions 
are based on the idea that we must keep 
up the distinction permanently between the 
two religious bodies hitherto known as Bap- 
tists and Disciples of Christ. If they are 
one in the essential things, why should we 
concern ourselves about such questions? If 
they are not one m essentials no union is 
possible. The one lesson we all need to 
learn is, to ' ' seek first the kingdom of 
God, ' ' and let denominationalism take care 
of itself. 



July 16, 1908. 

Current Religious Thought 

' ' The next generation of preachers must 
be magnificently religious. Sin has decked 
itself in rich and superb costumes. In 
iquity is jeweled and haughty. Nothing 
else can bear down upon the arrogant foe 
but a truly magnificent Christianity. This 
means that preachers should be girded and 
equipped as soldiers of the royal Christ. 
The pulpit has already made its failure 
when it has gone into competition with any 
factory for the production of pious essays, 
discussions of sociological schemes and even 
the maintenance of purely theological po- 
sitions. The object of religion is God 
as revealed in Jesus Christ, commanding, 
wooing, warning, loving, saving. ' ' — Dr. F. 
W. Gunsaulus. 


' ' Some folks are afraid to come out in 
favor of certain much-needed reforms, be- 
cause they think it will hurt them. It 
will not do, they say, to imperil business. 
Social standing must be maintained. They 
are willing to forfeit their self-respect, but 
can not endure adverse criticism. 

" ' Well, it never pays to do wrong : and 
it always pays to do right. When a man 
does his duty he is saving his life from 
destruction. Faithlessness to duty is what 
eats the heart out of many men. They know 
what is right, but will not commit them- 
selves to the doing of it. The result is 
that their own character suffers, and the 
advancement of righteousness is hindered. 
Governor Hanly puts it in this wise : ' No 
man ever yet injured himself by getting 
on the right side of a moral question. ' ' ' 
■ — Epworth Herald. 

In a recent address before the American 
Neurological Association, Dr. S. Weir. 
Mitchell, who had just been elected presi 
dent, had this to say of Eddyism: 

"Although Eddyism, in one form or an- 
other, is as old as civilization, I am amazed 
that the disciplined minds of Americans, 
usually so skeptical, should be taken in 
in such increasing numbers by an elderly 
woman with a smile. 

"It is not against psychotherapy that I 
charge you, ' ' the doctor went on, ' ' but 
against the proneness to overstate its 
claims as an available remedy. No organic 
disease was ever cured by it, and its legiti 
mate uses are circumscribed. The rational 
employment of it in some cases is with- 
out doubt of incalculable benefit, but its 
wanton misuse is inexcusable. 

' ' I would not be understood as discred- 
iting in any way the practice by influence 
on the mind. I knew of a woman who was 
obsessed with the idea that she could not 
eat and who when she was told that she 
was getting thin and ugly promptly re- 
covered her appetite and her health. But 
there is nothing of Eddyism in these in- 
stances. These one might classify as ' im- 
perative suggestion. ' ' ' 

Apropos of an editorial on another page 
the following is illuminating. Under the 
title of "A Thing Impossible," the editor 
of ' ' Word and Way ' ' says : "If the editor 
were required to please all the readers of 
his paper he would have on his hands a 
hopeless task. Think of the variety of 
tastes among 150,000 men and women. 
Think of all the angularities, peculiarities, 
preferences, prejudices, standards, likes and 
dislikes. Please them all? Impossible! 
Some like doctrine and lots of it; others 
just can't endure doctrine. One wants a 
big per cent of poetry; another can't im- 

agine why the editor should waste space 
with such stuff. The mind of one runs on 
missions. Another would have the paper 
filled with Sunday-school matter. And 
here is another who complains because more 
space is not given to moral reform. One 
takes the editor to task for allowing a 
given thing in the paper, and before the 
editor can recover from this drubbing, an- 
other dear reader flies into him for some- 
thing he kept out. 

' ' Subscribers have written to the editors 
of the ' ' Word and Way, ' ' criticising the 
paper for being too strict in its exploita- 
tion of Baptist doctrine and practice. Oth- 
ers have cancelled their subscriptions be- 
cause the paper did not come out strong 
enough on Baptist doctrine. We nave had 
subscribers to order their papers stopped 
short because of some article that dis- 
pleased them, while others were so pleased 
with the article that they induced their 
friends to subscribe on the strength of it. 

' ' The editor has poured on him oiessing 
and cursing, enough of blessing to inspire 
gratitude and courage, and enough of curs- 
ing to require a great measure of divine 
grace and keep him humble. 

' ' The editor is glad when his readers 
are pleased and sorry when they are dis- 
pleased, but he can not afford to try to 
please anybody. He knows how impossible 
it is to please everybody, so he has to 
make sure of his motives, risk his best 
judgment and bravely go ahead." 

' ' The churches can save only those who 
want to be saved. And they stand ever 
ready to do that. They are constantly seek- 
ing sinners in the highways and byways, 
but they can not change the law that has 
endowed all men with free will and force 
salvation upon tnem in spite of themselves. ' ' 
— The Pittsburg Leader. 

"The sharp debate on church union in 
the Canadian General Assembly this year 
was almost wholly monopolized by the op- 
ponents of union, but fortunately their 
speeches appear to have had little or no 
effect. The Assembly, as soon as the de- 
bate was closed, rejected by a vote of 156 
to 32 an amendment that aimed to sub- 
stitute the idea of fraternal co-operation 
for the pending plan of organic union with 
the Methodist and Congregational denom- 
inations. It then adopted a vigorous reso- 
lution expressing joy at learning that ' ' in 
the judgment of the committee, so far as 
they have prosecuted their labors, the pro- 
posed union appears to be practicable. ' ' 
The committee was instructed to proceed 
with its negotiations. While this outcome 
is a pleasing testimony to the breadth of 
mind and earnestness with which the ma- 
jority of Canadian Presbyterians nave gone 
into this great effort at Protestant unifi- 
cation, the interested onlooker can not es- 
cape a sense of depression at the outbreak 
of even so much anti-unionism in a church 
which at one time seemed moving solidly 
into this splendid combination. It is ex- 
ceedingly disappointing to find men of 
power and prominence in Presbyterianism 
alleging as arguments against union selfish 
and sectarian tendencies in themselves 
which they ought to be ashamed of rather 
than to glory in. In view of the quality of 
the arguments offered by objectors, we are 
obliged to conclude that the opposition to 
the union movement in Canada springs 
from a set preference for separation and 
division rather than for unity of God's 
people. We launch no reproach at any man 
for questioning whether a given plan for 
union is feasible. But when a man, indus- 
triously magnifying trifles, makes it his 
deliberate labor to erect new obstacles in 
the pathway by which different denomina- 
tions are drawing nearer to common under- 

standing, we dare to bring against him the 
solemn reproach of pleasing not God and 
being contrary to the best hopes of the 
kingdom of Christ.". — The Interior. 

' ' Bad boys can not be made good by giv- 
ing them taffy. The more you give them 
the more they demand. Some men are like 
bad boys in this respect. Better withhold 
the 'taffy.' "—Religious Telescope. 


' ' We do not share the opinion which we fine? 
expressed here and there that negotiations, 
with the Methodist Protestants, United 
Brethren and Free Baptists have been fruit- 
less because they have not reached the 
point of organic union and seem for the 
moment to be postponed in favor of per- 
haps more obvious proposals of alliance. 
We, . for our part, have broadened our hori- 
zon in the process of negotiation. And we 
are assured that there has grown up in all 
these bodies a kindly feeling of sympathy 
toward us which we as cordially reciprocate 
and which will count for much in the fu- 
ture. Nor do we despair of a turn of af- 
fairs which may renew the hopes of a union. 
The reunion of all American Methodism 
on terms which will suit the convictions 
of the smaller bodies seems to us remote 
— more remote, indeed, than the renewal 
of the negotiations which were retarded by 
the action of the Cleveland Council. The 
opposition of many Free Baptists to ab- 
sorption by the larger body of Regular Bap- 
tists in many cases, we are sure, leaves the 
way open for sympathetic consideration of 
the claims of brotherhood with the Free 
Congregational churches. We are at a mo- 
ment when we must wait for the manifes- 
tation of God's purposes. But in this mo- 
ment we should develop our own work dili- 
gently and cultivate a special feeling of 
sympathy and co-operation toward those who 
for one reason or other are nearest to us. 
There is a spirit of provincialism which is 
the enemy of all union. We shall do well 
to rid ourselves of that, while at the same 
time we deliver our own special message 
to the world." — Congregationalist. 

Ernest C. Mobley, one of our young 
preachers, with a Southern training, but 
who in late years has had some opportu- 
nity to see now big is the world, writing 
to the Texas " Christian Courier." says: 

' ' I used to spurn that statement : ' A dis- 
appearing brotherhood^' but since preaehing 
in the leading cities of England, where de- 
nominational lines are minimized rather 
than magnified, and since studying the con- 
ditions in Canada where all evangelical 
bodies are tending towards union, 1 am thor- 
oughly convinced that as these bodies come 
nearer the Christ and the New Testament 
ideal, we as a distinctive brotherhood must 
disappear. That is as it should be if we 
are really unsectarian. May God hasten 
the day when all ot his people are one. ' ' 

' ' The ' Congregationalist ' gives an ac- 
count of the seventy-ninth anniversary of the 
annual parade of the Brooklyn Sunday- 
schools. The public schools were granted 
a holiday. Half a million or more people 
lined the gaily decorated streets, while 317 
Sunday-schools poured out in twenty-four 
sections of the city column after column of 
scholars, numbering all together almost 
120,000, not including the endless array on 
sidewalks of cradle-roll babies, parents and 
others not able to participate in the march- 
ing. Gov. Hughes was whirled about the 
city to see different sections of the chil- 
dren's army, and said that he was exhila- 
rated at the moral value of such a fine 
spectacle." — Central Christian Advocate. 

July 16, 1908. 



Editor's Easy Chair. 

Or, Pentwater Musings. 

At this early hour the household iu 
^'The Pioneer" cottage slumbers, except 
the Easy Chair, which is up early to have 
a chat with its readers. The air is fresh 
and cool, and the swish of the waves has 
in it the spirit of soothing restfulness, so 
gently does the morning breeze stir the 
great lake that lies before our door. The 
past week has been an almost ideal one 
from the point of view of the resorter. 
The weather has been mild enough for us 
to sit upon the porch in the evening with- 
out wraps. The blueberries have been 
ripe on the hills, and the fish have been 
running in the lakes — aye, and biting, 
too. Ask Dr. Moore, the sage of Colum- 
bia, whose arrival during the past week 
has struck terror to the whole finny tribe 
in these parts, to tell you about the two 
six-pound pickerel he captured on one ex- 
pedition, not to mention the string of sil- 
ver, or white bass. These fish, we venture 
to say, will not shrink an ounce in weight 
under his recital of the story. Speaking 
of arrivals, a whole bevy of young ladies 
from St. Louis, professional nurses from 
St. Luke 's Hospital, including a niece of 
the Editor's wife, blew iu on us across 
the lake suddenly, one day this week, on 
one of the strong breezes from the south- 
west. Something has been doing since 
they landed. When a company of good- 
looking young women go to a summer re- 
sort, even as quiet as Garrison Park, in 
search of a good time, they are sure to find 
it. How they enjoy these hills and lakes, 
and the bathing, and the rowing, and 
strolling along the shore of the murmur- 
ing lake on these moonlight nights! Surely 
none deserve this change and outing more 
than these young women, who devote their 
lives to caring for the sick, the wounded 
and the suffering. To get away from the 
atmosphere of the sick room, where abso- 
lute quietness is required, to the fresh air 
and ozone of this lake region, where they 
•can laugh, and even shout as loud as they 
please, without disturbing the serenity of 
the hills is, for them, a most happy 

Eeferring to the work of these trained 
nurses, recalls a train of thought in which 
the Easy Chair has been indulging recently 
with regard to the different callings of life. 
The train of thought was superinduced by 
a feeling of weariness from the grinding 
and exacting toil of an Editor's life to- 
gether with its responsibility and the criti- 
cism to which it necessarily subjects one. 
Why not choose an easier vocation? In 
the first place, one does not have in his 
own hands, altogether, the choosing of a 
vocation. If he be conscientious, and fol- 
lows what seems to him the path of duty, 
there are circumstances and influences 
which determine the question very largely 
for him. Then again, why should one seek 
an easy calling? Is there not a certain 
satisfaction, and perhaps the deepest sat- 
isfaction of life, in feeling that one is do- 
ing his full share of the world's work, and 
bearing his part of the world's suffering 
and sorrow? How else can we account 

for the joy of those who serve the Lord 
in foreign lands as missionaries, or who, 
in our own land, give themselves to min- 
istries among the poor and lowly? It is 
a great mistake to suppose that those who 
give their lives to the welfare of others 
in less fortunate conditions, and who sac- 
rifice many of the things which others 
cherish so highly in order to render such 
service, are objects of our pity and com- 
miseration. They have a joy in life, and 
a consciousness of its dignity and value, 
which those who seek lives of ease and 
comfort never know. What shall we say 
then of those who are seeking easy places, 
and who turn aside, even from the path of 
duty, when that path seems to be beset 
with perils, with hardships and with un- 
remunerated toil? They are making the 
mistake, so common among men, of seek- 
ing happiness and pleasure as an end, and 
who are always disappointed in the search. 
Happiness is a by-product of honest, ear- 
nest effort in accomplishing some worthy 
end of life. 

Some one who reads the foregoing may 
ask, Why does not the Editor of The Chris- 
tian-Evangelist, then, resign his position 
and take up work among the poor in some 
social settlement, or work with the Sal- 
vation Army, or become a missionary to 
the slums in some of our great cities 
where he may minister directly to the 
needy and to the outcasts of society? The, 
question is worth asking. He has asked 
it of himself. If he knows his own heart, 
he would gladly enter into any of these 
fields of service, and find joy in doing 
so, if he felt that that was the work to 
which God had called him, and that in 
doing so he could do most to glorify God 
and to bless humanity. While it would in- 
volve the sacrifice of certain things he 
now enjoys, it would, also, bring immunity 
from many things which are harder to en- 
dure than the hardships which would be 
involved in such service as we have de- 
scribed. In other words, he would not 
exchange his present position for that of 
a slum-worker with any view of getting 
a more difficult post of duty. On the con- 
trary, it would be a much easier one. Who 
that has lived a public life and sought to 
serve the public good, has not at times 
felt oppressed with the burden of re- 
sponsibility, and wounded with shafts of 
criticism, until he literally longs for the 
shades of obscurity and freedom from re- 
sponsibility where he might rest and be at 
peace? So the psalmist must have felt 
when he exclaimed: 

"Oh, that I had wings like a dove! 
Then would I fly away and be at rest. 
Lo, then would I wander afar off, 
I would lodge in the wilderness. 
I would haste me to a shelter 
From the stormy wind and tempest." 

So men in public life often feel, but if 
they are brave men they do not yield to 
such feeling, but stand at their post of 
duty until their work is done. 

Last week we spoke of an anniversary. 
This week we have had another one, one 
which concerned the mistress of the house- 
hold. Mrs. Eddy advises against observ- 
ing birthday anniversaries, but we are not 

disci jiles of Mrs. Eddy, and as our cus- 
tom is, made some slight recognition of 
this birthday anniversary. There was a 
little dinner party at the clubhouse in the 
evening at which fourteen of our friends, 
in and near the clubhouse, sat down at a 
common table in honor of the occasion. 
There were a few gifts from immediate 
friends, and a loving message by telegram 
from children far away, and at the close, 
though not on the program, W. T. Moore, 
out of the goodness of his heart, volun- 
teered some words of appreciation of the 
good woman in whose honor the party was 
convened, which at least one of those at 
the table heartily indorsed, and all seemed 
to approve. The informal dinner party 
then adjourned, most of them to "The 
Pioneer ' ' cottage, where the evening was 
spent very delightfully as indicated in 
one of the songs of Garrison Park: 

"There at eve upon tne broad veranda, 
When the moon shines bright, 
We sit and sing the old songs softly 
Far into the moonlit night." 

It was not noisy singing, but of that 
soft, gentle type, in which the heart feels 
more than the lips utter. The south wind, 
blowing softly through the pines and hem- 
locks, seemed to chime in with the low, 
sweet melodies of the songs of long ago. 
A.nd the lake, too, joined in the refrain, 
as its wavelets broke upon the smooth 
surface of the beach. The half -full moon 
lent its softening influence to the occa- 
sion, as through the rifts of floating- 
clouds, its beams fell upon lake and woods. 
Yes, we do well to mark these anniversary 
days, which, in one brief human life, are 
all too few. Too soon the time comes 
when these anniversaries must cease, and 
then it is good to remember that while our 
loved ones were yet with us, we paused 
in life's hurried march to celebrate the 
day in which God gave them to us. 

We are writing this at the close of the 
week. To-morrow is the Lord's day. May 
it be a day of rich spiritual blessing to all 
the churches! May the spirit of God brood 
over all the assembled congregations, and 
over all the scattered saints with his life- 
giving and sanctifying energy! May the 
spirit of peace, of unity, of reverence and 
of worship, pervade all our churches, and 
may those who speak, speak with the pow- 
er of the indwelling Christ, and those 
who hear, realize his presence in their 
midst, saying, as he did of old to the waves 
of Galilee, "Peace, be still!" Just now 
we seem to need the silence of thoughtful- 
ness and of awe, as, in the presence of 
God, we think of our relations to him and 
to each other. We are sure that all of the 
readers of the Easy Chair will join us in 
the inspired prayer: "God be merciful 
unto us and bless us and cause his face to 
shine upon us and give us peace!" It 
was our privilege to speak to the little 
band of Disciples here, and a number of 
resorters, on last Lord's day, and we are 
hoping to have Brother Moore speak to us 
to-morrow. A Methodist brother has just 
called to request a union meeting in the 
absence of their pastor, and to this we 
readilv consented. 



July 16. 1908. 

The Glorious Liberty gMhe Children of God! 

Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage 

Galatians 5:1. 

If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed — John 8:36. 



Liberty, freedom, independence, is 
naturally the subject of the hour. 
"Within the past twenty-four hours it 
has been shot into our ears, dazzled in- 
to our eyes, and burned into our souls, 
and I realize that I would do the occa- 
sion violence if I did not speak upon 
the theme now upon our hearts and 

Our national independence means 
much to every true American, and the 
Fourth of July, celebrating as it does 
the signing of that immortal document, 
The Declaration of Independence, ought 
to be fitly observed. The valorous 
deeds of our forefathers during those 
eventful days that tried men 's souls, 
ought to be gratefully remembered by 
us who enjoy the glorious heritage of 
the sons of liberty. They sealed with 
their blood their noble resolve to throw 
off the galling yoke of bondage, and be- 
cause of their heroic struggle and final 
victory, "Old Glory" now proudly 
floats o 'er " the land of the free and 
the home of the brave!" 

Our glorious liberty as the children 
of God is of still higher and greater 
importance, and it is to this phase of 
LIBERTY that I desire to direct your 
careful attention. "If the Son there- 
fore shall make you free, ye shall be 
free indeed. ' ' This is the freedom 
worth while, and it shotild be the ar- 
dent desire of all Christians to appre- 
ciate and appropriate this glorious free- 
dom that was bought with the price of 
the blood of our Lord and Savior, Jesus 

Let us parallel our condition with 
that of the early colonists, and, as they 
threw off the yoke of bondage, let us 
see if we may not do so, in somewhat 
the same way. Instead of George III, 
who oppressed and harassed our fore- 
fathers, we will substitute SATAN, 
who is "the prince of this world, "and 
'as a reigning monarch, is tyrannical, 
despotic and relentless in his cruel sway 

over mankind. His personality, his """^~^~"~ ~~~~ T~ ~~ — ~~ 
power and his influence over his sub- 
jects is a reality we sometimes fail to take into consideration. 
The Kingdom of Satan is just as real as the Kingdom of God, 
and ofttimes many of us are so attracted by the allurements of 
the tinsel and show of his deceptions, that we become his ab- 
ject subjects. He reigns supreme over our lives; we are com- 
pletely under his dominion and power, and we do his bidding, 
even to the extent of going out to get others to join us in our 
obedience to his mandates. Our condition is even worse than 
our forefathers' plight, and there is just one way to escape 
the baleful influence and blight of his Satanic Majesty, and 
that is 

Rebellion, rebellion, rebellion, and the first act of rebelling 
from his tyrannical reign over us is to write and sign a "Dec- 
laration of Independence" similar to the one herein printed, 
and then to seal that signed document with our noblest and 
best endeavor. At Trenton, Brandywine and Valley Forge, our 
early patriots fought and suffered after the signing of the Dec- 
laration of Independence, and at Yorktown they finally tri- 
umphed over their hated enemy. Even so we will have our bat- 
tles after signing our Declaration of Independence, but the 
Captain of our Salvation never lost a battle, and he fought a 
hand to hand conflict with Satan himself, both at the begin- 
ning of his ministry, on the mountain, and at its close, in the 


To proclaim liberty to the captives 
was the reason Jesus came into this 
world, and to help us in our struggle 
against Satan and his hosts. This was 
prophesied by Isaiah, and Jesus himself, 
reading this prophecy in the temple, 
declared that it was fulfilled in His com- 

The Apostle Paul, that old battle- 
scarred veteran of the cross, knew how to 
overcome the evil one, because he had 
met him in many a conflict; and in writ- 
ing to the Ephesian brethren he sounded 
along the lines of Christian soldiery these 
thrilling words: "Be strong in the 
Lord, and in the power of his might. Put 
on the whole armor of God, that ye may 
be able to stand against the wiles of the 
DEVIL. For we wrestle not against flesh 
and blood, but against principalities, 
against powers, against the rulers of the 
darkness of this world, against spiritual 
wickedness in high places. Wherefore 
take unto you the whole armor of God. 
that ye may be able to withstand in the 
evil day, and having done all, to stand. 
Stand, "therefore, having your loins girt 
about with truth, and having on the 
breastplate of righteousness, and your 
feet shod with the preparation of the 
gospel of peace; above all, taking the 
shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able 
to quench all the fiery darts of the 
wicked. And take the helmet of salva- 
tion and the sword of the Spirit, which js 
the word of God." 

In the midst of the battle 's roar, when 
the conflict as pressing hard, let us hear 
anew the same old warrior's note of as- 
surance, as he cries aloud in these words : 
' ' Thanks be unto God, who giveth us the 
VICTORY" through our Lord Jesus 
Christ. ' ' 

"We must fight;" I repeat it, sir. 
we must fight. I know not what course 
others may take, but as for me, give me 
liberty or give me death! " These were 
the cyclonic words of Patrick Henry 
that fanned the spark of rebellion into 
" a glowing, consuming fire, which melted 

the chains of tyranny and oppression. 
In the same spirit, Paul wrote to young Timothy : ' ' Fight the 
good fight of faith ! ' ' No victory without a fight, and if we truly 
appreciate our situation, and follow the example and admonition 
of such illustrious and worthy men of blood and iron, we will be 
able to say with Paul, the most conspicuous hero that ever fought 
under the bloodstained banner of the Cross: 

' ' I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is 
at hand. T have fought the good fight ; I have finished my course : 
I have kept the faith. Henceforth there is laid up for me a crowu 
of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me 
at that day; and not to me only, but unto all them also that love 
his appearing." 

Our forefathers fought an unequal fight, under many discomfort* 
and disadvantages, but with a firm reliance upon God for ultimate 
victory; and their faith and courage pleased the eyes of the Infinite 
and He led them on to victories, even as he did Israel of old. 

Are we worthy children of our gallant sires? Have we courage 
and faith equal to theirs? Ours is a righteous cause. God still lives 
and rules in the affairs of men, and He can help us to be "more 
than conquerors" if we follow closely our great Leader as He leads 
us on into the thick of the fight against the tyrannical, despotic 
Satan and his rulers of the darkness of this world. 

When, in the course of human events, it be- 
comes necessary for a people to dissolve the bands 
which have connected them with a power unwhole- 
some, tyrannical, despotic, and degrading; it 
seems but right and proper that they should de- 
clare the causes which impel them to the separa- 

We hold these truths to be self-evident; that 
all men are created equal; that they are endowed 
by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; 
that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit 
of happiness; that to secure these rights, govern- 
ments are ordained among men, and that when- 
ever any government becomes destructive of these 
ends, it is the right of the people to throw off 
such government and come under another which 
will provide new guards for their future security. 

Such is the case with the government of Satan, 
and is now the necessity which constrains them to 
throw off his government. The history of his 
Satanic Majesty is a history of repeated injuries 
and usurpations, all having in direct object the 
establishment of an absolute tyranny over his 
subjects. To prove this, let facts be submitted 
to a candid world. 

He has polluted the hearts of men, so that they 
hate, envy, scorn, curse, decry, lust, evilly sur- 
mise, and think all evil. 

Tie has caused wars to extend over the face 
of the earth, bringing in their wake the sobs of 
the orphans, the wail of the widows, and the blight 
of the land. 

He has caused selfishness to abound so that 
the unscrupulous prey upon their weaker fellow 
men, and grind out of them their very life's 
blood, for their own benefit and profit. 

He has caused the ruin and downfall of count- 
less thousands of men and women by that curse 
of all curses, — the drink habit. He has led our 
sons and daughters astray and into by and for- 
bidden paths. 

He has caused us all to sin and sin repeatedly, 
and filled our hearts with remorse and sorrow, 
and as a consequence of our sins, the death pen- 
alty has been passed upon all mankind. 

For these, and a thousand other reasons and 
causes, we must, therefore, acquiesce in the 
necessity which demands our separation. 

We, therefore, children of our Heavenly Fa- 
ther, to whom we appeal for the rectitude of our 
intentions, do hereby solemnly publish and de- 
clare that we of right ought to be free; that we 
are absolved from all allegiance to the Kingdom 
of Satan, and that all connection between us is 
and ought to be totally dissolved. 

And for the support of this declaration, with a 
firm reliance on the protection of Divine Provi- 
dence, we mutually pledge our lives, our fortunes, 
and our sacred honor. 

With such a record behind us, as sinks the golden sun behind the 
tomb; but he triumphed over the archenemy to mankind and is western hills and the days of our years have been spent as a tale 
now able to succor all who put their trust in Him, and follow His that is told, we will know more and more the true significance of the 
leadership. This is a glorious thought, that we may follow One apostle's words when he refers to " The glorious LIBERTY of the 
who has never known defeat. children of God." 

July 16, 19"8. 



Main Building, R. R. Y. M. C. A. 

What One Railroad is Doing for Its Men s y Arthur Holmes 

Automatic railroad devices all have prac- worker, and it seeks to bring him to his connection with these lessons. The man 

tical limitations. At some point sooner or highest efficiency in the work he is doing. who runs the course was once a drunkard, 

later, operation depends upon a man. The Hummer work is divided between the ath- A Bible study club for clerks includes 

responsibility of this man increases as the letic field and the seashore club house. Just four suppers and four lectures for $1.50. 

automaticity of the operation increases. In how much the latter means to the young- Dr. A. T. Clay, of the University of Penn- 

other days, men applied hand-brakes. Now sters can best be judged by seeing fifty of sylvania, lectured on "Babylonian Excava- 

the engineer shoves an eight-inch lever one them turned loose on the sands or dumped tions" this winter. Seventy men attended. 

into the rolling Atlantic, or, Sunday meetings are held' in the building, 

best of all, ranged around the Shop meetings are most popular. The men 

tables in the dining room after take part; reading, singing solos, playing 

an entire morning's unbroken the organ, and sometimes doing the speak- 

romp. ing. A brakeman will run in from the 

As in most large Associa- yard-engine and give the music, a machin- 

tions the physical director is a i»t will pass the books, a Koman Catholic 

wide-awake graduate of a med- blacksmith will sometimes sing a solo, a 

ical school, his office becomes clergyman, doctor, business man, or evan- 

a dispensary of advice for pre- gelist will speak for ten or fifteen minutes, 

serving health as well as re- Men stand around, sit ou benches, eat part 

gaining it. Young fellows of their lunches and smoke their pipes. The 

learn how to care for wounds, foremen, who are the best judges of the 

how to eat, sleep, and that effects, are loudest in their praises, 

there is no forgiveness in heav- Altogether 2d meetings and classes are 

en or on earth for the dese- held weekly, attended by 8,500 in Bible 

orator of the temple of the study and about 22,246 in meetings, or a 

Holy Spirit. The bond be- total of 30,790 men annually, 

tween the physical director and Whoever thinks of the railroad associa- 
ineh and every brake on the train grips its the young man is so close and 
wheel immediately. Formerly, a minute's so valuable for the latter 's 
delay might not be unimportant. Now. a moral well-being, that any min- 
second may decide the difference between ister might envy the potential- 
a safe stop and a pile of broken cars and ities for good thus placed in 
mangled bodies. the hands of the man who pre 
Understanding the ultimate importance of eminently controls the ideals of 
men, railroaders are wisely turning their at- these youths, 
tention to the improvement of this most im- The educational activities 
portant part of the equipment. The Young cover a multitude of studies. 
Men's Christian Association has been found Telegraphy and electricity are 
to embody most of the elements going to demanding increasing atten- 
make a practical, steady, efficient organi- tion. Transportation problems 
zation for developing the highest type of have been treated by heads of 
railroad men. departments themselves. Fre- 
The Philadelphia Association has long quent trips are made to points 
been in the front ranks of such institutions. of interest in the road and ac- 
Its main building is a model club house, tual operations studied, like 
costing with its equipment about $175,000. those in freight yards, termi- 
Besides this, the Department has an ath- nals, New York tunnels, a n d 

letic field, a club house at the seashore, an- electric power-houses. A complete air- tions as merely a bunk-house or lunch-room 
other in the country, and a well-furnished brake plant, equivalent to thirty cars, with a religious supplement, needs to re- 
branch on the top floor of an office build- is installed and ready for inspec- vise his opinion. Here is a great institu- 
tion and illustration. A tion with an equipment costing $200,000, 
steam-valve motion, motor with 1,800 members, touching 5,000 more, 
and electrical apparatus is affecting the lives of railroaders from vice- 
always on the ground. In presidents down to track-laborers, with 25 
one month the attendance paid officers, with a school of 18 different 
in all classes runs up to courses of study, employing 50 lecturers 
1,200, or about 5,000 for and teachers, with a religious department 
the active season, with an reaching 2,000 weekly, with a physical de- 
enrollment of about 750. partment building up the bodies of 1,000 
Correspondence courses are more, with 500 attending the rooms daily and 
also conducted. with a committee force of 575 volunteers. 
Distinct activities for the After all, its real work can not be stated 
development of men's reli- statist ieally. The effect upon men can be 
gious natures are promi- observed only by those who mark the ad- 
nent. The Bible Depart- vanees toward sobriety, steadiness, thrift, 
ment stands first. Clubs and efficiency as the years go by. The best 
and classes are held in and evidence of such advance is the increasing 
out of the building. T h e willingness of railroad companies to put 
shops have been invaded money into an enterprise which has demon- 
and men can be found, day strated its usefulness in doing the noblest 
and night, at their lunch- work on earth — that of making men. 

A Shop Meeting. 

Air Brake Room, Pennsylvania Railroad. 

ing at Broad Street Station. The normal hour, studying under the direc- 

average membership is about 1,800. The tion of their comrades or min- 

equipment includes all the usual association isters. Lessons are sent by 

appliances. mail to 275 men weekly. In 

The work naturally falls under heads: the shanties along the tracks, 

social, physical, educational, and religious, in the night-vigils in the mov- 

Besides, the general atmosphere of so- ing cabooses, men are studying 
ciability and games, series of social events the life of the greatest man 
with music, vaudeville, speeches, and eat- who ever lived. Whiskey- drink- 
ables are arranged, at which 800 men some- ing and card-playing are dis- 
times may be found. Thirty-five hundred Appearing from such places, 
people entered the building last New Year 's and men can now be found 
day. The president of the road has twice ready to utter a last prayer for 
attended socials this winter. a comrade caught in a wreck. 

The regular indoor gymnasium work is Imagine the fortitude of that 
no longer a mere trap to catch the unwary, engineer, pinned three hours 
otherwise invulnerable to religious influ- under his engine, comforting 
ences, nor yet a developer of specialists in and sustaining his soul by read- 
athletics. Its mission is to the everyday ing the Testament sent him in 

Class for Studying Ticket Agent's Business. 



July 16, 1908. 

The Church Out Of Doors By William Henry Meredith 

The open-air treatment is the popular 
and efficient remedy for consumption. 
Many a New Englander, smitten with this 
white plague, has been amazed on discov- 
ering what there is in the air, as a specific 
for that fell disease, so prevalent on that 
coast. Portable beds on piazzas and tents 
in gardens are frequently in evidence. 
' ' Live out of doors as much as you can, ' ' 
we are hearing on all sides. Not only the 
sick, but the well are taking this advice. 
The sick for healing, the well as prevent- 
ive, believing that prevention is better and 
more economic than cure. 

We claim to be an optimist of the op- ' 
timists. The discovery of one drop of pes- 
simism in our circulation would send us 
at once to the blood-letter's, but the fact 
remains that too many churches are smitten 
with consumption, and are in a wasting 
condition, growing weaker and weaker. 
Sometimes a glow is seen for a while, dur- 
ing special seasons, but it proves to be but 
the hectic flush of that baleful disease which 
slays its thousands. The beauty is not 
the beauty of holiness, but is the evidence 
which sometimes attends decay. After a 
while the feet grow too tired to walk to 
the church services, the hands too weak to 
do its work, the heart of the body too weak 
to send life currents into every member of 
the body. Public services are maintained 
with icy regularity, church bills are often 
promptly paid, but consumption is doing 
its deadly work in the body. The absorp- 
tions are gaining in the secretions, the body 
is necessarily weakening even unto death. 
The light under the bushel is being ex- 
tinguished by its own smoke. It must have 
an outlet, or it will go out. At a wedding 
party awhile ago, we were suddenly brought 
almost into darkness. The lamps were go- 
ing out. Some guests wondered, but the 
hostess at once opened doors and windows 
for awhile. The foul air went out, the fresh 
air came in, the lamps again shone bright- 
ly, and the guests rejoiced in tne light. 
Some local churches are going into dark- 
ness because they have no outlets. Self- 
concerned, they are becoming self-con- 
sumed. ' ' We won 't pay f oir heating up 
all out doors, ' ' said a penurious school 
committeeman to a young teacher in a 
country school, who had the windows open 
to let in the good air, and to let out the 
bad. The local church wh'eh does not do 
its part to heat up out-of-doors home and 
foreign missions and other benevolences 
will soon suffer suffocation. 

The local church should not only send 
out its light and heat to the ends of the 
earth; it should also carry them out into 
its own community. It should get out of 
doors, out into the open with its glad evan- 

How pitiful and painful is the frequent 
sight in our cities in the summer, to see 
only a small few in the congregation, and 
these mostly church members and Chris- 
tians, whilst multitudes of the unsaved are 
surging past the church doors, or along ad- 
jacent streets! The classes are inside the 
churches, the masses are outside. How shall 
these be brought together to hear the sav- 
ing Gospel? Said a successful merchant, 
in my hearing, to a young man who had 
just opened a store: "You must learn to 
draw the people through the glass" (win- 
dows). If the church can not draw the 
masses through its doors, she should go 
out of doors to them. If some half -empty 
city churches only knew ' ' what is in the 
air!" Why not get out onto the front 
steps, if space will allow? Why not get 
a permit to go out onto the street corner, 
and hold forth the word of life, and there 
give forth the invitation to the house of 
the Lord? Why not go out into the near- 

by open square, or public park, and preach 
and sing the Gospel to the people where 
they are, and as they are? Many a dying 
church has been revived by such open-air 
treatment. Uoes the pastor say, ' ' I am 
no kind of an open-air preacher. ' ' Did 
you ever try to be one? Try it, brother, 
and see how it agrees with you and with 
your church. Be an open-air preacher, not 
merely an open-air exkorter or testifier. 
Not only exhortation, and not only testi- 
mony is enough to gather and hold an open- 
air audience, but studied and specially pre- 
pared preaching and singing will do the 
business. Choose the right spot, where the 
fish abound, before you throw out your 
line. Have your singers well trained in 
Gospel hymns, mostly old-timers, which will 
awaken memories of past years in the hear- 
ers. Observe the way of the wind and 
stand so that it will carry your message 
to the people. Have a wall back of you 
if possible. Choose practical subjects, and 
clothe the very best thoughts in the sim- 
plest language, the language of the people, 
of the man in the street, not his slang, but 
his current speech. Be prepared for inter- 
ruptions, and when they come, keep sweet, 
and try and turn them to good account. 
Be sure and see that some burrs, which will 
stick, are thrown out in the sermon. This 
kind of man-fishery needs barbed hooks. 
If the preacher has to ' ' flog his brains ' ' 
to produce sermons for out of doors, he 
must not be surprised. To extemporize in 
the open is very risky business, even, and 
especially for the naturally ready speaker. 

The average man in the street thinks 
that the church, especially what he calls 
the ' ' toney church, ' ' doesn 't care for him, 
nor for his. He regards church-going as a 
luxury for the well-to-do, or as a pastime 
for the poorer. To see a ' ' toney church ' ' 
actually come out into the street, after him, 
to give him the benefit of their talented 
pastor and singers will convince him that 
the church cares for him and seeks his 
good, and not his goods. That preachers 
and people are doing things for him for 
which they are not paid to cio, will have a 
good moral effect upon him. The English 
are far ahead of us in this matter of out- 
of-door preaching. Not only do the Free 
churches, but also the Anglican Churches 
and their ministers throw themselves hearti- 
ly into this kind of work. 

The Et. Kev. Edmund Knox, D. D., bishop 
of Manchester, is famed throughout the 
north of England for his open-air preach- 
ing. He has conducted some very success- 
ful missions on Blackpool sands, and is 
immensely popular with the rough-and- 
ready natives of Lancashire. He is a tre- 
mendous worker, as indeed he needs to be, 
for Bishop Gore once said that he believed 
there was no single diocese in the Cnurch 
of England where the work was so ardu- 
ous as at Manchester. Although Dr. Knox 
is one of the hardest worked bishops in 
England, the good people of his diocese do 
not always realize this. During one of his 
recent missions on Blackpool Beach, two 
Lancashire mill girls were discussing the 
situation. "Who's that?" asked oue, as 
the bishop got up to speak. ' ' That 's the 
Bishop of Manchester," was the reply. 
' ' Nay, lass, ' ' said the first speaker, ' ' no 
bishop 'ud do that." "But it is the bish- 
op, I tell 'ee. " "Well, if it really is the 
bishop, let's go and 'ear 'im, for I thowt 
as bishops did nowt but draw their brass. ' ' 

We saw some Anglican churches had out- 
of-door pulpits built into the walls of their 
city churches. We heard them preach from 
these to the crowds in the church yards, both 
before and after the indoor services. Eng- 
lish cities and towns are busy hives of open- 
air workers, especially on Sundays. In 

classical Cambridge we followed a preach- 
er and his people from the indoor evening 
services to ' ' Parker 's Place, ' ' an open spa-ce 
where people congregated; there they held 
services. A transparency told the crowd 
who they were, and where they carried on 
the regular business of preaching and wor- 
ship. It also invited them to come to the 
church. The preacher was one of the front- 
rank preachers of his denomination. Al- 
though our city rjopulations are not so ho- 
mogeneous as are the English, yet good 
work may be done out of doors. A few 
concrete cases shall close this article. The 
pastor of a Massachusetts city ch'irch. with 
a few workers, went out into a popular re- 
sort, more than a mile from their church, 
and held an out-door service. Weeks after 
a man appeared at the church door, who 
had not been inside a church for worship 
for nearly forty years. The only sermon 
he had heard during that time was the out- 
of-door sermon of the pastor of that church. 
He became a member of that church and 
after years of Christian life and service 
the same pastor yoked up with a Swedish 
pastor of that city. He left his beauti- 
ful church, one oi the finest in the city, 
and just before evening worship, they went 
out into a park not far off. They preached 
in both languages, and the Swede sang 
Swedish hymns, much to the spiritual profit 
of the strangers in the strange land, who, 
there, in their own tongue, heard the Gos- 
pel preached and sung. A good Swedish 
church soon became a necessity there, ana 
the stately New England pile of the other 
pastor had 2 larger congregations, because 
of those preliminary open-air services. 

In another city, where French people 
abounded, the same pastor yoked up with 
a French mission pastor. A teamster mem- 

® @ 


Athlete Finds Better Training Food. 

It was formerly the belief that to be- 
come strong, athletes must eat plenty of 

This is all out of date now, and many 
trainers feed athletes on the well-known 
food, Grape-Nuts, made of wheat and bar- 
ley, and cut the meat down to a small por- 
tion, once a day. 

' ' Three years ago, ' ' writes a Mich, man, 
' ' Having become interested in athletics, I 
found I would have to stop eating pastry 
and some other kinds of food. 

' ' I got some Grape-Nuts and was soon 
eating the food at every meal, for I found 
that when I went on the track, I felt more 
lively and active. 

"Later, I began also to drink Postum 
in place of coffee and the way I gained 
muscle and strength on this diet was cer- 
tainly great. On the day of a field meet 
in June I weighed 124 lbs. On the opening 
of the football season in Sept. I weighed 
140. I attributed my fine condition and 
good work to the discontinuation of im- 
proper food and coffee, and the using of 
Grape-Nuts and Postum. my principal diet 
during training season being Grape-Nuts. 

' ' Before I used Grape-Nuts 1 never felt 
right in the morning — always kind of ' out 
of sorts ' with my stomach. But now when 
1 rise I feel good, and after a breakfast 
largely of Grape-Nuts with cream, and a 
cup of Postum, 1 feel like a new man.'* 
' ' There 's a Eeason. ' ' 

Name given by Postum Co.. Battle Creek. 
Mich. Read "The Road to Wellville.'' 
in pkgs. 

Ever read the above letter? A new one 
appears from time to time. They are 
genuine, true, and full of human interest. 

July 16, 1908. 



ber gave the use of a large wagon. A small 
organ and a choir filled it. On the cor- 
ner of two main streets of that city serv- 
ices were held in both languages, and the 
■church and French Mission of that city 
were greatly invigorated by the open-air 

Many of the people who throng the 
streets and surge past the church doors are 
■ex-Sunday-school scholars. Not a few had 
Christian parents. The most of them have 

more than enough of thee Bible and of 
good Gospel hymns in their memories to 
save them, if they could only be moved 
to do as well as they know how to do. 

Absent treatment will never bring them 
to decision. Out-of-door contact with sa- 
cred things and tactful open-air religious 
services may be blest to them, so that what 
they know they ought to do they will do, 
and they will say : "I will arise and go 
unto my father." Souls may be saved 

and churches also may be saved by get- 
ting out-of-doors. Bible preaching, in both 
testaments, is nearly all open-air preach- 
ing. Jesus was a matchless open-air preach- 
er and teacher. Apostolic successes were 
gained out in the open. The church which 
brings the truth of God down from the 
stars into the streets, is a truly apostolic 
church. Let consumptive churches and pas 
tors try the open-air treatment, and the 
healthy use this prophylactic method. 

As Seen From the Dome By f. d. Power 

Once a year generally I preach for the 
clumb animals. My last text was Jonah 
4:11. I shall let the newspaper man report 
the sermon in part. Its lesson is specially 
needed in these canicular days: 

"One of the hopeful signs of the times," 
the preacher said, "is the revival of inter- 
est in natural history. People have read 
about animals in the last two or three years 
who never before took the slightest interest 
in the subject. President Boosevelt's influ- 
ence, no doubt, will give a mighty impulse 
to this awakening to the beauties of nature 
and the fascinating study of our fellow- 
mortals of the field, the forest and the 
stream. Bear and panther, lynx, hare and 
moose, dogs, wolves and foxes, horse and ox, 
•crows and meadow larks, robins and spar- 
rows, even the snake and the toad, the spider 
and the bug, are having their place in God's 
great temple recognized. 

' ' The duty of man to the dumb creation 
is one acknowledged from the oldest his- 
tory. ' Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that 
treadeth out the corn,' is a word of Moses, 
which Paul quotes again and again. ' A 
righteous man regardeth the life of his 
beast, ' says Solomon. ' Blessed are the mer- 
ciful, for they shall obtain mercy,' is a 
beatitude of Jesus, which reiterates the 
teaching of Moses and the prophets. 

' ' The Bible is clear upon this subject, as 
•upon all human obligations. The great les- 
son of Holy Scripture is the lesson of mercy. 
God is love. The gospel is for 'every crea- 
ture. ' In the perfection of the Kingdom the 
wolf shall also dwell with the lamb and the 
leopard lie down with the kid. 

"Christianity is kindness, love fulfilling 
the law. Cruelty hardens the heart and is 
•unlike God, whose tender mercy is over all 
his works. 

"Atrocities perpetrated on defenseless 
creatures, fashionable cruelties to horses, 
birds, dogs and cats; starving, beating, 
overworking and needless whipping or do- 
mestic animals, are causes of crime, are, in 
themselves crimes that call for the interpo- 
sition of every disciple of the compassionate 

"What do we see to-day in the animal 
world? Fish of 'the sea, birds of the air, 
beasts of the field, creeping things of the 
earth are all serving their heaven-given pur- 
pose, are full of life — happy, stirring, use- 
ful life. Where it is necessary for food or 
for protection to sacrifice this life man has 
the right to take it; but when God gave 
-man dominion over all the works of his 
hand he did not mean the wholesale slaugh- 
ter which we see for purposes of sport or 
-fashion. Roosevelt and Cleveland may be 
named among true sportsmen, and they 
"would not countenance the wanton slaughter 
of animals for the brutal pleasure of killinp- ; 
but it is easy to find such examples. What 
•of the wholesale butchery of buffalo on our 
western plains or the destruction of millions 
■of song birds to decorate the hats of our 
women ! 

"Four men went out hunting quail. Each 
day before starting a heavy wager was made 
as to the number of kills each would make 
during the day. Quail were plentiful and 
the bag of each day became larger. The 
wages increased, and of course the bags 

were more troublesome to carry. Finally 
each man decided to wring the head from 
the bird as it was brought in by the dogs 
and toss the body aside. When the day's 
slaughter was over heads were easily count- 
ed, and, of course, the bags did not weigh 
so much. These men would feel affronted if 
told they were not sportsmen. They would 
feel still more affronted if pronounced 
butchers and blackguards who deserved ten 
years each in the county jail. 

"Yes, an animal has the right to live and 
be happy in its brief life. Animals also are 
endowed with feelings and affections as 
other mortals. Who has not been touched 
by the joys and sorrows of our dumb 
friends"? A barn was recently burned in 
Virginia. Some of those present noticed a 
dog's head sticking out from under the 
building. The owner of the barn tried to 
persuade her to come out. 

' ' She turned appealing eyes to him and 
started back. Presently she came to the open- 
ing again, looked out as if for help, and 
again went back. Several times this act was 
repeated. Her puppies were under the barn 
and she wanted some one to fetch them out. 
Finally the flames were down to the first 
floor of the building, and the owner of the 
dog began to worry because she would not 
come out, and tried all manner of means to 
get her to leave her little ones, but she would 
not. At last she went back and came out no 
more, and when the fire was over they found 
her dead body beside the charred bodies of 
her offspring. When she found she could 
not get them out she determined to die with 
them. What a picture of maternal devo- 

' ' Go up to some disreputable-looking old 
horse, some cowed and beaten dog, and 
speak kindly to him, and see if he has not 
feelings like your own. See if he does not 
say, as plainly as words can speak: 'Thank 
you; you have made me happy! ' Whatever 
has the capacity for loving has the capacity 
for suffering. 

' ' The human animal in his egotism tor- 
ments the cat to give pleasure to his great 
and lofty mightiness; the cat is nobler. He 
kicks the dog because it dares approach his 
sacred person; the dog is a finer creature. 
He subjects his horse to the cruel overcheck 
rein, the blacksnake whip, the Mexican bit, 
or the barbarous docking because it ministers 
to the ill-temper, the vanity and selfishness 
of his severe highness. He rebukes and 
crushes his wife or his child in the same 
spirit because they are not careful of his 
comfort. A man who would be cruel to 
animals is dangerous to his family; he is a 
menace to the community in which he lives. 

"Animals are helpers and friends of man, 
and as such deserve kindness. To accept in- 
dispensable services from the horse, invalu- 
able food from the cow, clothing from the 
sheep, and inestimable service from the 
birds, while refusing to protect them from 
the neglect and abuse of the ignorant, cruel, 
and avaricious, is not only shameful ingrati- 
tude, but repudiation of the cardinal prin- 
ciples of Christianity — justice, mercy and 

' ' Why not ask of yourself when you con- 
sider these dumb servants of yours, How 
would you like the treatment you accord to 
them? How would you like starvation? How 

would you enjoy a kick from one stronger 
than yourself? How would you like the 
lashing you gave your horse or your child 
yesterday? How would you like to be vivi- 
sected and left for days bleeding, bound and 
dying? How would you like to be a victim 
of the barbarism and injustice and insane 
temper which you mete out to this weaker 
and voiceless fellow-creature? Put yourself 
in his place. 

"Our humane societies are to teach those 
who have not learned that the principles of 
righteousness and justice, of charity and 
mercy, are to govern here as in all the rela- 
tions of life. But is there need of such 
teaching in this advanced age of enlight- 
ened and Christian civilization? Read the 
Washington society's report. Five hundred 
and sixty-one cases of cruelty to children 
and more than 3,000 cases of cruelty to ani- 
mals! We are learning. A little while ago 
we retired a horse on a pension in this city. 
Bird day is kept by minions of children in 
the land, and bands of mercy in our city 
schools have over 20,000 members. Presi- 
dent Roosevelt, in his message to Congress, 
asked that special provision be made for 
cavalry and artillery horses "worn out in 
the long performance of duty," and Con- 
gress passed a law against docking the tails 
of horses. Great states like Massachusetts 
have prohibited by law the sale of dead birds 

® ® 


It Won the Banker, 

"At the age of seventeen I was thrown 
on my own resources," writes the cashier 
of a Western bank, "and being low in 
finances I lived at a cheap boarding house 
where they served black coffee three times a 

"At first my very nature rebelled, but i 
soon became accustomed to it, and after a 
while thought I could not get along without 

"I worked hard during each school term 
(I was attending college) and taught coun- 
try school between times. 

' ' At the end of three years I had finished 
my course — my nerves, too, and I went back 
to the farm to rest up. This did me some 
good, but I kept on drinking coffee, not re- 
alizing that it caused my trouble, and later 
accepted a position in a bank. 

"About this time I was married, and my 
acquaintances called me ' Slim. ' On the ad- 
vice of a friend, my wife began to serve 
Postum, and she made it right from the 
start (boiled it fifteen minutes after boiling 
actually starts). I liked it and have used 
it exclusively for three years. I am no 
longer dubbed slim, my weight has increased 
60 pounds and I have nerves to stand any 
strain without a flinch. And I have increased 
my salary and shares of bank stock. I can 
work 15 hours a day, sleep soundly and get 
up feeling like a healthy boy. " " There 's 
a Reason." 

Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, 
Mich. Read "The Road to WellviUe," in 

Ever read the above letter? A new one 
appears from time to time. They are 
genuine, true, and full of human interest, 



July 16, 1908. 

for millinery purposes, and there is some in- 
dication that lovely woman will stop the 
slaughter of sea swallows and bobolinks to 
gratify her vanity. 

"We may not feel that Tray and Towser, 

Beauty and Blossom, Bucephalus and Trav- 
eler have immortal souls, but we are learn- 
ing that creatures with souls can not treat 
with cruelty their weaker fellow-creatures 
without disgrace and injury to themselves; 

that we should walk carefully among all 
creatures that can see and hear and feel and 
love and think and die; that dumb animals- 
have rights which those with the divine gift 
of speech must be ready to recognize. ' ' 

Our Co-Operative Work By j. h. o. smith 

In the early days of our missionary 
work very few churches could be enlisted, 
and individuals assembled in voluntary 
mass conventions, pledged their monjy 
and selected men to administer the funds. 
Most of our people at that time were not 
only indifferent but hostile to any gen- 
eral organization, the fear of ecclesiasti- 
eism overshadowing the desire for the 
systematic extension of the kingdom. The 
American Christian Missionary Society, 
realizing the need of a better method of 
administering our co-operative work, has 
invited a discussion of this very important 
and urgent problem. 

What I have to say is not intended as 
a reflection upon the men who are 
charged with the responsibility of con- 
ducting our general enterprises, for I be- 
lieve they have done about all that could 
be done under the present system. For 
twenty years I have thought that our work 
should be placed upon a spiritual, scrip- 
tural and business basis, and not upon a 
basis of money. The solution seems sim- 
ple. In the New Testament church each 
congregation is a unit and must be repre- 
se* ted in any organization which will re- 
ceive the unanimous and hearty support 
of those who are intelligently striving to 
restore New Testament Christianity. 

At present our conventions are repre- 
sentative only of those who attend, the 
attendance being determined by the local- 
ity in which the convention is held and 
assembled by inspirational methods. We 
are all familiar with representative assem- 
blies. The political parties could not be 
induced to submit to such a method as 
ours. The initiative and referendum be- 
longs to the churches. They make the 
contributions, the work is theirs and they 
would give more and do more if the whole 
responsibility was laid upon them. 

Twenty years ago, as corresponding sec- 
retary and state evangelist of Indiana, I 
made a careful study of this problem and 
though I was then young, the convictions 
formed have been strengthened with sub- 
sequent experience and observation. I 
found the society in debt and the third 
year, after inaugurating what I have al- 
ways believed was a scriptural plan, we 
raised $55,000 through the district organi- 
zations, grouped churches and assisted in 
locating preachers, had sixteen evangel- 
ists at work with over 3,000 conversions, 
organized churches and built houses and 
by wuse council adjusted troubles in local 
congregations. I did not do this work, no 
one man could. I secured some one m 
the district to visit all the churches, to 
present the neeus and ask the brethren 
if they were willing to co-operate with 
their brethren in the district and state. 
If they voted in the affirmative, as they 
did, they were asked to elect one of their 
best representatives to act with those 
elected from other churches on the dis- 
trict board. Pledges were taken. When 
the canvass was completed these repre- 
sentatives were called together and they 
organized for work. The action of this 
board was accepted by the churches as 
binding as is the transaction of a chinch 
board and for the same reason. We began 
with the churches and organized up in- 
stead of beginning with the secretary and 
organizing down. Many of the so-called 
anti-missionary churches joined us. The 
next year after my retirement, the state 
board doubled the districts in size, vir- 

tually asked the districts to disband, and 
asked the churches to send all contribu- 
tions to the state board. Of course the 
money was not sent. If we trust the peo- 
ple they will trust us. 

Any live secretary, after experience in 
the state, knows more than any one else 
about the needs of the field, but he does 
not know more than all others. All the 
brethren are wiser than any one of tne 

The state secretaries are opposing merg- 
ing the state organizations into the Amer- 
ican Christian Missionary Society on the 
ground that it would weaken the state and 
would not strengthen the general society. 
So merging the district work into the state 
work has practically eliminated the dis- 
tricts and the state work is struggling to 
exist. Our splendid state secretary in In- 
diana has for several years been showing 
up and down the state the picture of an 
eagle, the right wing representing for- 
eign missions, and the left wing American 
missions, while the tail represented state 
missions. In the picture shown the tail 
feathers are pretty well all gone and the 
eagle practically bobtailed. Now the 
churches represent the eagle and when na- 
ture has its way there will be feathers 
enough to go all round. 

There is as much scriptural authority 
for 3,000 or 3,000,000 people co-operating 
for the spread of the gospel and conserv- 
ing the interests of the kingdom as there 
is for 300. 

The Baptist held their first representa- 
tive national convention in this city re- 
cently, having always transacted business 
upon the plan we have. They made it 
plain that the convention had no jurisdic- 
tion over the faith or practice °of the 
churches and was simply a co-operation of 
the churches for missionary enterprise. 

There would be no more danger of an 
ecelesiasticism with the churches repre- 
sented in our assemblies than there is of 

a monarchy in America. Indeed the dan- 
ger lies in the concentration rather than 
the distribution of power. I have not 
space to give the details of the organiza- 
tion. The brethren will work out the de- 
tails when they have the opportunity. The 
state board could be elected by the dis- 
tricts, each district having a representa- 
tive, the general board could be elected 
by the states and one board could transact 
all the business. The time nas fully come 
to put our work on a scriptural and busi- 
ness basis. At present the pyramid is 
standing on the apex. 
Oklahoma City. 

[We agree with the writer of the fore- 
going that the time has come wmen our 
co-operative work should be based on the 
local churches co-operating, rather than 
upon individual members, which seemed to 
be a necessity at first. In our state con- 
ventions, at least, each local church that 
believes in co-operation and does what it 
can, should be entitled to representation 
in the convention which is held in the 
interest of that work. In nauunal con- 
ventions, the same principle holds good, 
but a direct representation of all the 
churches would probably make too large 
a congregation to be serviceable or prac- 
tical. Here the representation might be 
through the appointment of delegates by 
state conventions, and as these conventions 
represent all the co-operating churches, so 
the delegates appointed by them would be 
representative of the churches in that state. 
We agree with Brother Smith, too, that 
the Baptists have done w T isely in form- 
ing a national convention of Baptists that 
represents the entire body, to which the 
various missionary organizations report 
as parts of one common cause. This is 
the end toward which we are moving, and 
the sooner w T e arrive there, the better it 
will be for our co-operative work. — 

Centennial Bible Schools 

CENTENNIAL AIM: All the Church and as many more in the Bible School. 

Impossible as this goal appears, it had 
been left far behind by the church at Bo- 
lenge, Africa, before the aim was announced. 
Shortly afterward the Tabernacle Church, of 
North Tonawanda, N. Y., where W. C. 
Bower ministers, reported that it had 
reached the aim. In this apostolic church it 
is taken, as a matter of course, that one who 
comes into the church will want to be in 
the school of the church, and so immediate- 
ly after baptism he is enrolled in the proper 
department. At the same time he makes a 
subscription to the current expenses of the 
church and receives his bunch of weekly en- 

In the course of last year's journeys I 
discovered that Bellefontaine, Ohio, and 
Santa Clara, Cal., were up to the mark, and 
recently, at the New York state convention, 
it developed that the Bowland Street. 
Qhurch, Syracuse, and the Third Church, 
Brooklyn, have reached it. Alexandria, 
Ind., passed it last winter, with 600 in the 
school, while the church numbers only 251. 
Then came the Fourth Church, Akron, O., 
and Cameron, W. Va. 

Probably there are many others in the 

brotherhood that have not reported. We 
should like to have information at once 
regarding all such. We know of a number 
that are nearly up to the standard in spite 
of their large church membership. It is 
much easier for the young churches whose 
members have not become confirmed m in- 
difference to the church's teaching service. 

In its simplest terms, the aim is to make 
the Bible school roll twice as large as the 
church roll. The home department and cra- 
dle roll may be counted. Earnest and per- 
sistent effort should be made to enlist every 
church member, and to send him after some 
one else. It is astonishing how easy this 
apparently impossible task can be accom- 
plished when we begin to work definitely for 
it with intelligence, enthusiasm and perse- 

A groat many of our schools should reach 
this aim before we come up to Pittsburg 
next year. Some of those that are near by 
will attend in a body as a living exhibit in 
the great celebration. 

W. R. AVarren, Centennial Sec. 

Pittsburg, Pa, 

July 16, 1908. 



— Some time ago floods 

— and complaints. 

— But now — 

How beautiful is the rain! 
After the dust and heat, 
In the broad and fiery street, 
How beautiful is the rain! 

— Are you planning to go to school or 
send some one to get an education? 
Write for the catalogs of our colleges. 
These will give you fuller information 
than the advertisements. 

— The religious paper ought to be a 
matter of interest to its readers. If it 
has any reason for existing this is to 
serve God 's cause. You may contribute 
to the success. Read our leading edi- 
torial and if you have any suggestions 
we will be glad to hear them. 
♦ ♦ *5* 

— There is a growth at Piainville, Kan., 
under Clifton E. Rash. 

— Jasper Bogue goes from Des Moines 
to Grand Junction, Colo. 

— The excavation for the church at Beth- 
any, Neb., has been finished. 

— William Irelan, after several weeks' ill- 
ness, is able to be out again. 

— A minister will be wanted for half time 
at Indianapolis, la., after September 1. 

— We regret to learn that A. R. Moore, 
of Birmingham, Ala., has been quite ill. 
- — We regret to learn that W. B. Berry, 
of the "Pacific Christian," has been ill. 

— Robert Lyle Finch has taken charge of 
the work at 9th and Shaw Streets, Des 
Moines, la. 

— B. S. Denny is to dedicate a church at 
West Side, Council Bluffs this month, and 
later at Ira, la. 

— W. P. Bently gives a splendid report 
of the work and prospects of our California 
Oriental Mission. 

— The church at Irving Park, Chicago, 
will celebrate its anniversary in September 
with special services. 

— Late word from DeForest Austin indi- 
cates that his condition is very serious, drop- 
sy having set in. 

— C. C. S. Rush, of Canton, Mo., has ac- 
cepted work witn the Wythe (Warsaw), and 
La Crosse, 111., churches. 

— Dean A. M. Haggard, of the Bible 
College, Drake University, is spending his 
summer in the mountains. 

— A. J. Bush is on a vacation. He will 
visit some of his children and enjoy the 
bathing at Corpus Christi. 

— H. 0. Breeden recently held an excel- 
lent meeting of eight days at Creston, Iowa, 
which resulted in 44 additions. 

— Our Mexican Mission has entered up- 
on a campaign for the re-establishment of 
our work in San Antonio, Tex. 

— Prof. H. T. Sutton has moved to Eu- 
gene, Oreg., and will be a lecturer in the 
Divinity School there next year. 

— C. G. Stout has been enjoying a visit 
to his home at Des Moines, after an evan- 
gelistic tour lasting many weeks. 

— E. S. Bledsoe has resigned at Italy, 
Texas, which needs a preacher, and has en- 
tered upon the work at Big Springs. 

— The brethren at Mackinaw, 111., are 
building a handsome church home which is 
to be completed in the early autumn. 

■ — E. Everett Hollingworth has given up 
his work at Conyers, Ga. We believe he 
has not yet decided upon his future plans. 

— The church at What Cheer, la., has 
unanimously decided to have A. F. Van 
Slyke for full time after September 1. An 
addition to the church building is contem- 

— I. H. Teel reports that every congre- 
gation of Disciples in his portion of Cal- 
ifornia seems to be making steady progress. 

— F. M. Rains dedicated the Third Church 
at Louisville, Ky., July 5, and the new 
building at Paragould, Ark., last Lord's 

— Graham McMurray has associated with 
him Elmore Lueey for some special evan- 
gelistic work, while Roland A. Nichols is 

— A beautiful house of worship is to be 
dedicated some time in September at Pao- 
nia, Col., where J. K. Hester is doing a 
fine work. 

— J. C. Howell has resigned at Thayer to 
take effect July 26. Brother and Sister 
Howell will make Hartshorn, Okla., their 
future home. 

— As a result of a good meeting held at 
Tallassee, Ala., it is expected that there 
will have to be an enlargement of the 
church house. 

— A training class has been organized at 
Pontiac, 111., with over 50 members. All 
departments are prospering there under Al- 
len T. Shaw. 

— Improvements are being made on the 
church at Russell, la., and a meeting is 
planned for the fall. A. F. de Gafferelly 
is the minister. 

— Perry J. Rice, of Minneapolis, is to 
occupy the pulpit of the University Church, 
Des Moines, during Brother Medbury 's 
visit to the Coast. 

Ranold McDonald is now at his former 
home, Athens, Tex., for a brief rest, after 
which he will be open to a call. He recently 
resigned work at Kaufman after two years 
of successful service. 

- — On the motion of P. J. Macfarlane, the 
Disciples' Ministerial Association of great- 
er San Francisco expressed its appreciation 
of Herbert Yeuell's work. 

— Milligan Earnest believes that at no 
distant day we will have a good modern 
church-building and a strong membership 
at INorth Birmingham, Ala. 

— The work at Montgomery, Ala., gives 
S. P. Spiegel reason to feel that there is 
a great future for us in the capital city. 
At present we have only 22 members. 

- — Our little band at Fuente, Mex., is 
busily engaged in building their new 
house. From the pastor down to the chil- 
dren, all are taking part in trie work. 

— The church at Marysville, Cal., has 
found it necessary to enlarge its house of 
worship. It is no less a difficult field than 
others, but Brother Rhodes is succeeding. 

— There is a union out-of-door evening 
service at Wellsville, O. Homer E. Sala, 
minister of the Christian church, preached 
the first sermon to about a thousand people. 

— We received the program of the ded- 
icatory service of the First Christian 
Church at Paragould, Ark. The date was 
July 12. F. M. Rains was leader on this 

— Our American congregation at Mon- 
terey, Mex., has inaugurated Sunday night 
meetings, the first time it has ever been 
tried. The attendance has been beyond ex- 

— D. A. Russell, the corresponding secre- 
tary for Northern California, is supplying 
for the Tenth Avenue Christian Church, 
San Francisco, until a regular minister 
takes this work. 

— All departments of the work seem to be 
thriving at Hollister, Cal., where Herbert 
F. Jones is glad to recognize the good work 

in building up the congregation i one by 
Brother Meeker. 

—News reaches us of the marriage of 
Walter M. Jordan to Mrs. Jeannie E Coe 
at Billings, Mont., on June 13. They are 
to be at home there after August 1 Our 

—Adam Byerly, lately ordained to our 
mimstry, preached for Rochester Irwin's 
r-ongregation at Washburn, 111. L B Pi c k- 

tlf'f u De L ^ nd ', 0CCU P ied the pulpit on 
the following Sunday. 

—Harvey H. Harmon, of the First Chris- 
tian Church, Lincoln, Neb., has been asked 
by the Centennial campaign committee to 
deliver an address on "Evangelism" at the 
-New Orleans Convention. 

-There is only one Christian church in 

\lF'??i Stat \ °. f Utah - ™ ^ at Salt 
Lake City, and is under the care of Dr 
Albert Buxton. Ogden, with 35,000 people, 
has no Christian church. P ' 

— F. A. Ross has been called to serve 

he congregation at Elkton, Ore., for half 

time ihis will be his first pastorate, but 

-K O. Wigmore believes that he will have 

a very successful ministry. 

—The State Convention of lowa. follow- 
ing the suggestion of the Missouri .Board 
recommended that all of the conventions- 
county district, and state-next year par- 
take of the centennial features. ' 

—At Craig, Neb., Cr. H. Schleh has been 
unanimously called for another year There 
were about 25 additions by baptism, and 
a few by letter. The churcii will strive to 
support all our co-operative work. 

—Our congregation of 40 members at 
San Liusito Mex., has purchased property 
for a church. This is the first time prop 7 

£ y this S t. % b ° Ught f ° r reli § ious P ur P^ S 
in this town for any evangelical body. 

—The church at San Jose, Cal " was 
ready t break ^ ^ ^^ ™s 

has, for the new building. M W Hariri™ 

e n a e Cl of th tho brethren I' 61 ' 6 ^^uSwS 
quake se ™«sly injured by the earth- 

—We are glad to learn that M. M Davis 
is slowly recovering from his serious ill- 
ness and it is hoped that he may be removed 
JNorth, to a cooler climate before long in 
order to facilitate his restoration to health. 

—The Centennial Class at Wellsville, O 
of which H. E. Sala is the teacher, gave 
him recently a happy surprise, some hun- 
dred of the members going to the parson- 
age, bringing with them a handsome writ- 
ing desk. Of course, there were refresh- 

— Chas. G. Stout hopes to see at least 100 
young men in the ministry and 100 young 
women in the loreign field as the contribu- 
tion of his life to the Lord's cause. Since 
the last convention, 15 young people have 
openly committed themselves in this way 
under his ministry. 

— J. O. Shelburne, the evangelist, of To- 
ledo, O., recently visited his cousin, Cephas, 
and preached for the East Dallas church 
in the evening and for M. M. Davis' con- 
gregation in the morning. Brother Shel- 
burne is now engaged in a meeting at Fort 
Dodge, la. 

—We regret to learn of the death of 
Andrew M. Sweany, who was formerly a 
minister of the Gospel in Nebraska. He 
died at his home in Eugene, Oreg. 

— J. P. Childs stopped off on his eastern 
evangelistic trip to minister to the people 
at Primghar, la., where there is at present 
no pastor. He will return about the middle 
of the month to Hepler, Kan., and his work 
at Farlington Church. J. H. Reeves has 
been supplying for him during his absence. 
A new bell has recently been installed there 
through the efforts of the ladies of the 



July 16, 1903. 

— The Indiana state convention meets at 
Bethany Park, near Indianapolis, July 20- 

— The churches in Fulton county, Ohio, 
expect to combine their offerings and be 
able to become a living link in the Foreign 
Society. They hope to support W. B. 
Alexander in India. 

— During the last five years J. M. Mon- 
roe, of Oklahoma City, has dedicated 99 
churches in Oklahoma. Four of these — 
Bison, Tuttle, Kremlin and Dewey — have 
been dedicated within the last few weeks. 

— George T. Smith has- taken the tempo- 
rary pastorate of the Fourth Christian 
Church, Vermilion Heights, Danville, 111. 
He will be located there until September, 
when he opens the Pastors' College, at 
Champaign, 111. 

— The receipts of the Foreign Society 
for the first seven days of July amounted 
to $11,875, a gain over the corresponding 
time last year of $3,989. There was also a 
gain of thirty- one contributing churches and 
161 Sunday-schools. 

—Dr. S. T. Willis, of the One Hundred 
and Sixty-ninth Street Church, New York, 
recently underwent a surgical operation for 
throat trouble. While he is rapidly recov- 
ering from its effects, physicians warn him 
against preaching until the autumn. 

— F. S. White sees good work under his 
administration at Platte Valley, Neb. On 
Children's Day $60 was given tor missions. 
Since March 1 a good parsonage has been 
erected. The Bible school is in a healthy 
condition and there have been regular ad- 
ditions to the church. 

— I. J. Spencer, of Lexington, Ky., will 
accept the invitation to address the Na- 
tional Baptist Congress, which is to be held 
in Chicago November 10-12, upon the sub- 
ject of what definite steps should be taken 
toward the union of Baptists, Free Baptists 
and Disciples of Christ. 

— John T. Stivers is taking a few months ' 
rest from the exacting work of an evangel- 
ist. His meeting at Santa Paula, Oak, re- 
sulted in 34 additions, 21 of whom were 
baptized. Brother Stivers has purchased a 
beautiful home in Los Angeles, and will 
make that his permanent address. 

— Good work is being done at Elliott, 
la., where J. Edward Cressmer is minister. 
The semi - annual missionary offering 
amounted to $150. The Bible school is 
well organized, the Endeavor Society en- 
thusiastic and plans for a revival in Sep- 
tember, under the leadership of W. S. John- 
son, are being carefully made. 

—During July and August the Portland 
Avenue Christian Church and the Central 
Baptist Church of Minneapolis, Minn., are 
uniting in services while the two pastors 
are away. The cause of union between the 
two bodies in this state has moved forward 
a step by resolutions adopted looking to- 
ward closer co-operation. 

W. S. Johnson, evangelist under the 

Iowa State Board, reports the work at Es- 
therville moving along well. The church 
there, he says, wants to employ a regular 
minister, beginning August 16, or soon 
thereafter. It is a good field for a good 
man. The stipend is about $800 per year. 
Send recommendations and applications to 
Brother Johnson. 

— W. A. Baldwin, corresponding secretary 
of the Nebraska Missionary Society, was 
commended highly in a resolution passed 
by the Ninth District Convention at Nor- 
folk, Neb. The same convention rejoiced 
in the erection of the house of God, _ in 
which they met, and expressed appreciation 
of the heroic efforts of Brother Stine, the 
devout pastor, and his self-denying flock. 

— W. B. Alexander, of the East Side 
Church, Toledo, Ohio, will go out to India 
in September, as a missionary of the For- 
eign Society, instead of to China, as was 

announced. The imperative need in India 
at this time, on account of the death of E. 
M. Gordon, seems to make this step neces- 

— A large part of the $50,000 pledged a 
year ago by Mr. Kobert Stockton, for a new 
building for the Christian Orphans' Home, 
St. Louis, has been paid to the contractors. 
The building is fast approaching completion, 
and altogether the cost will be about $100,- 
000. It ought to be the pride of the whole 

— Walter Mansel's work at tne Fourth 
Avenue Church, Columbus, O., goes along 
well. The best year's work of the men's 
club was recently closed. Additions are 
frequent. There were 532 in the Bible 
school on children 's day. An orchestra 
of twelve pieces plays at the evening serv- 
ice during the summer. Brother Mansell 
has been in demand for special addresses. 

— We present herewith the likeness of 
F. A. Sword, one of our excellent young 
evangelists, located at Polo, 111., who is 
working on the living-link plan, being par- 
tially supported by Daniel Berkey, of New 

Bedford. He is privileged to go anywhere, 
but when congregations are able, they are 
expected to pay him full salary. His time 
is taken until January 1909, but he will 
be glad to make dates for meetings in the 
new year. Brother Sword has had marked 
success, and is a young man of lovable char- 
acter and clean life. 

— M. J. Grable has announced his resig- 
nation of the work at Steubenville, O., to 
take effect October 1. He has been there 
three years, and had good records of seven 
years with the church at Salem and eight 
years with the church at Durham Avenue, 
Cleveland, before going to Steubenville. We 
believe Brother Grable has no definite plans, 
as yet, about his future work, so that there 
may be an opportunity for some church to 
secure his services. 

— Dr. H. H. Guy paid a visit to his living 
link church, the Central, at Des Moines, 
la., recently. Brother and Sister Guy went 
out to Japau as the representatives of this 
church, we believe, in 1893, and for fifteen 
years have labored faithfully. It was a 
source of deep regret that Sister Guy could 
not be present with her husband on the 
occasion of this visit. It is hoped that she 
will shortly be restored to health and that 
they may be permitted to go to their chosen 
field again. 

— "Other Bells than School Bells" was 
a rather unique title of an address given 
by Howard T. Cree, of the First Chinch, 
Augusta. Ga., in the Opera House of that 
city on the occasion of the commencement 
exercises of the Tubman High School, so 
named in honor of Mrs. Emily H. Tubman, 

a prominent member of our church, who 
gave the property. The address was pub- 
lished in full in the papers of the city, 
and widely commended for the uniqueness 
of its theme, the manner of its treatment, 
and the strength of its delivery. 

— The corner stone of a granite church- 
building was laid at Marble Falls in the 
middle of June. Bapid work has been: done 
on the church. It will be the only granite 
church building in Texas. The move- 
ment to permanently establish a congre- 
gation here began on June 6, 1906, when 
D. H. Walsh began preaching, using the 
Methodist church, which was at the dis- 
posal of the few of our brethren. He has 
continued to give some of his time to the 
little band, which were greatly helped by 
two meetings held by Spicer and Douthit. 

—In a letter from Brother and Sister L. 
C. Stow, of the S. L. W. ranch. Greeley. 
Colo., referring to their new church build- 
ing, they say : ' ' Some one has sent you no- 
tice of the dedication services of our little 
^huich, but they haven't told you now 
happy we all are and how many sacrifices 
the dear people have made to present it free 
from debt. ' ' They also send the sermon 
preached by Bro. J. E. Lynn, of Varren, 
Ohio, on the occasion, which we hope later 
to be able to publish. 

— E. T. McFarland has been longer res- 
ident in St. Louis than any of the Drethren 
now holding pastorates here. On July 5 
he began his tenth year with the Fourth 
Church. During his nine years of ministry 
there have been 820 accessions, and 210 in 
Brother McFarland 's evangelistic meetings 
elsewhere. Four young men from the con- 
gregation have given themselves to the pub- 
lic ministry of the Gospel, and one young 
woman has gone to the foreign field, as a 
living link of the church, under the direc- 
tion of the C. W. B. M. This is by no 
means an even well-to-do congregation, yet 
it has contributed over $6,000 to our various 
missionary and benevolent enterprises. As 
Brother McFarland says, ' ' the devotion, 
loyalty and appreciation of this splendid 
people are to be commended. They go for- 
ward with favorable prospects. ' ' There 
were two confessions on this anniversary 
occasion. On the following Tuesday evening 
there was a gathering of the membership 
to make recognition of this event, and the 
appreciation in which Brother and Sister 
McFarland are held. 

— About five months ago J. P. Bowiison 
accepted the pastorate at Is'orth Vernon, 
Ind., and at once began urging the remodel- 
ing and beautifying of the building. As 
a result of this agitation, handsome opera 
chairs and art glass windows have been in- 
stalled. The vestibule, with its pillars, has 
given place to a Colonial porch, approached 
by a broad flight of steps. Instead of 
stoves, furnace heat is to be used. The 
new building has just been rededicated — 
the pastor preaching to a rejoicing congre- 
gation, while there was a union service at 
night, participated in by the different Prot- 
estant churches of the city and their pas- 
tors. Dr. D. R. Saunders, the church clerk, 
writes: "It seems to us that a brighter 
day is dawning for the work here. If we 
caii succeed in meeting our obligations to 
the pastor, all will be well. The congre- 
gation is poor and is being taxed to the 
utmost and we may have to solicit outside 
help to succeed. 

The New Hope 

Is the Best Remedy for the 

Drug and Liquor habits 

HOME TREATMENT can be administered 

J. H. GARRISON, President 

Correspondence invited. Address New Hope 
Treatment Co., 2712 Pine St., St. Louis, Mo. 

July 16, 1908. 



— Among the speakers at the Nebraska 
State Convention, -which meets August 21- 
31, will be Marion Stevenson, of the Chris- 
tian Publishing Company, who is to give 
three morning institutes and two special 
addresses; H. A. Denton, who will have 
charge of ' ' methods ' ' and will deliver two 
addresses on C. E. work; H. O. Pritchard, 
a talented young preacher, who has recently 
taken charge of the University Church at 
Bethany; Oliver W. Stewart, a national 
figure in temperance and reform work; and 
C. C. Smith, a specialist in the work among 

— There 'is a prospect that two of our 
churches in Ft. Worth, which have been 
almost within a stone 's throw or each other, 
will have a different spirit in the future 
and a different sphere of work. Just how 
it came to pass that their buildings are so 
close together, we do not recall, but proba- 
bly it was some church misunderstanding 
or uncharitable spirit in the past that 
ought not to continue to exist. Woon after 
J. J. Morgan went to Ft, Worth some union 
meetings were held, and now, under him 
and Edward M. Waites there is a prospect 
that the property of the Tabernacle Church 
will be sold and a new and handsome house 
erected for that congregation in another 
part of the city. 

—The Las Vegas (N. M.) "Daily Optic" 
contains a highly eulogistic editorial on the 
retiring president of the Normal University 
in that city, W. E. Garrison, and members 
of the board of regents have published the 
following statement : " It is with profound 
regret that we accept the resignation of Dr. 
W. E. Garrison. He has been everything 
that was desirable as president of Normal 
university, and as a progressive and re- 
spected citizen of Las Vegas. We know we 
will never be able to obtain a better or more 
satisfactory president for the institution, 
but we would not presume to stand in the 
way of Dr. Garrison when he has opportu- 
nity to accept a better position. ' ' 

— We have received two of the college 
annuals. "Kodak for 1900," tells us a 
great deal about Bethany, W. Va., and our 
oldest college, which is located there. One 
of the first illustrations will appeal to all 
those who can sing about the ' ' Banks of 
the Buffalo," for its subject is "On Biz." 
The book is abundantly illustrated. In 
addition to pictures of the faculty, there 
are good likenesses of some of Bethany's 
representative alumni, besides the student 
body. It may be of interest also to many 
readers of The Christian-Evangelist to 
know that there are some excellent views, 
some of which were especially made for 
our columns, but which print very much 
better on the glazed paper of the "Ko- 
dak." The picture ol Mr. Campbell, which 
appeared on our tront page last week, is 
included in this ' ' Kodak. ' ' The price of 
the annual is $1.50, and it may be se- 
cured from the College Book Store, Beth- 
any, W. Va. The other annual is ' ' The 
Crimson," which is by the Senior Class of 
Kentucky University and the College of 
the Bible. It is a little larger than the 
' ' Kodak, ' ' but is of the same character. 
Those collecting photographs or drawings 
of our distinguished men, ought to be sure 
to include a caricature of President Mc- 
Garvey and Prof. Loos, which adorns one 
of the pages of ' ' The Crimson. ' ' 

— We have received official confirmation 
of the announcement made in our last week's 
issue of the election of E. H. Crossfield, of 
Owensboro, Ky., to the presidency of Tran- 
sylvania University, at Lexington. Brother 
Crossfield is at present in a meeting at 
Princeton, Ky. He has had great success 
in his occasional evangelistic efforts out- 
side of his own church work. He feels much 
encouraged over the favorable prospects of 
a large student body at the university this 
autumn. We believe that this preacher, so 

widely and favorably known throughout the 
state and the brotherhood, with his evident 
gift of organization, will do much for the 
university, which has now reassumed its his- 

E. H. Crossfield, the new President of 
Transylvania University. 

toric name. A word of commendation ought 
not to be omitted for the excellent work 
done by Dr. McCartney, who has been" act- 
ing-president since the resignation of Presi- 
dent Jenkins. 

— The historic First Church, of St, Louis, 
is to have a new pastor, who will enter upon 
his work some time in September. Since the 
resignation of John L. Brandt, who is de- 
voting his energies" to the evangelistic field, 
the question of a man to take charge of this 
field has given the officers much thought. 
The situation is a peculiar one, and many a 
man who would make a great success in 
some other city church might fail in this 

Earle Wilfley, who has Accepted a Call to 
The First Christian Church, St. Louis. 

field; but after much consideration the 
choice of the officers and congregation fell 
upon Earle Wilfley, who, for five years, has 
been pastor of one of the largest congrega- 
tions in Indiana— that at Crawfordsville. 
When the call came to him it was a matter 
of difficulty for the preacher to decide. His 
own congregation made every inducement 
to retain him, but after careful deliberation, 
recognizing the greatness and the peculiar 

needs of the St. Louis field, Brother Wilfley 
felt that he could not decline to give to it 
his earnest and energetic support, Brother 
Wilfley is a graduate of Bethany College, 
of the class of '94. He has had a broad 
education, traveled extensively, and has had 
a thorough platform training for popular 
work. He has spoken four times in three 
years at the famous Y. M. C. A. at English 's 
Opera House, Indianapolis, and he has not 
been able to meet all the demands for his 
lectures. Crawfordsville, where the net 
membership of our church has been increased 
more than 50 per cent, and the Bible school 
more than doubled during his ministry, is a 
college town. The debt of over $7,000 
which he found has been entirely covered, 
and his regular audiences have been double 
those of any other in the city. We shall 
welcome Brother Wilfley to this great city. 
None is more in need of the simple message 
of Jesus Christ, which he can deliver so 

— As announced in our last issue, L. E. 
Sellers has tendered his resignation as pas- 
tor of the Central Christian Church at Terre 
Haute, Ind., to take effect September 1. 
Brother Sellers made this announcement at 
the close of a most impressive sermon, and 
to the great regret of his congregation. 
It is his growing conviction that evangel- 
ism is the chief business of the church and 
her ministry that has caused this decision. 
Brother Sellers has done some fine work 
in this field and it has become a passion 
with him. He believes it is a divine call, 
and he has already made arrangements for 
meetings from September to March, in re- 
sponse to calls that came to him before 
he made the announcement of leaving the 
pastorate for the general field. Witn his 
family, he has taken a vacation trip to 
Colorado, stopping at Emporia, Kans., a 
former pastorate. He will resume his pas- 
toral work during August, after which he 
will remove his family to Indianapolis 
which is central to the fields in which he 
will work. He has associated with him, 
as a song leader, Le Roy St. John. At the 
beginning of Brother Sellers' pastorate in 
Terre Haute, the church had a membership 
of about 500. During his nine years with 
them, more than 1,300 members have been 
received, while the present enrollment is 
about 1,200. His church has one of the 
largest Sunday-schools in the city and is 
systematically graded in its work. The 
church has developed a strong missionary 
spirit and has maintained Alexander Paul 
in Central China, in addition to contribu- 
ting to other benevolent and missionary 
enterprises. One other undertaking ought 
to be noted. It is a regret of Brother Sel- 
lers' that he leaves the field before the 
completion of a new building. Within the 
last few weeks a committee has Deen ap- 
pointed to procure final plans, and it is 
the intention of the building committee 
to complete the work as rapidly as possible. 
At a recent meeting of the officers, a letter 
was signed by 25 of these, certifying in 
strong terms the esteem in which Brother 
Sellers is held. 




No matter what you want, write to us about it. 

Send for pur Catalogue. 
St. Louis, Mo. 



July 16, 1908. 

— J. W. Ellis is the pastor of the Chris- 
tian Church at Bentonville, Ark., where he 
entered upon the work November 1, 1906. 
The brethren were then and had been for 
some time before in a migratory state — 
that is, they had sold their old frame struc- 
ture, had bought one of the most desirable 
lots in the city, and the new building, now 
the pride and ornament of Bentonville, was 
already in process of erection. It is the 

even a suggestion of egotism, free from 
pietism, the straightforward recital of the 
simple facts of what has been done in the 
field to which he has consecrated his life 
sounds like the victories of the gospel in 
the first century. His great speeches re- 
mind one of the early labors of Eobert 
Moffat in Africa. 

Wherever Dr. Dye goes they want him to 
return, and the calls for his visits are far 




finest church in the city, with the largest 
auditorium. When all had been done, it 
seemed, that could be done, there was a 
debt of $4,000! Of this amount $3,000 
had been borrowed from the Extension 
Board, yet from a confused and wandering 
flock, discouraged, but yet true to the Gos- 
pel, the membership to-day is nearly two 
hundred strong, harmoniously united, earn- 
estly contending for the one faith with no 
ill will towards others, but with love to- 
wards all. A more devoted, royal, loyal 
membership it would be hard to find. Dr. 
Ellis is the father of J. Breckenridge Ellis, 
our regular contributor, who lives with his 

# @ 

Dr. Dye's Campaign. 

Dr. Dye 's visit among our churches is 
awakening an interest in the world 's evan- 
gelization without a parallel in the history 
of our people. He is a voice of a John the 
Baptist. Men and churches, and, indeed, 
whole communities, are being aroused that 
were never before touched with the thrilling 
story of the gospel's beneficent power over 
pagan lives. The mighty deeds being done 
at Bolenge, Africa, is the history of the 
Acts of the Apostles repeated again. The 
conquests of Uganda and of Burmah and 
of the Fij.'s are paralleled in the marvelous 
history being made by our missionaries on 
the Upper Congo. 

Dr. and Mrs. Dye are now on the Pacific 
Coast. They are visiting the churches and 
conventions in Idaho, Washington, Oregon 
and California. Wherever they go, the re- 
ports are the same. New converts are be- 
ing made to the mission cause, indifferent 
churches and preachers are being born to a 
new and larger life, and the most interested 
are made to feel a fresh and larger interest. 
New living link churches are being made, a 
large number of volunteers have been en- 
listed, and a spirit of liberality quickened 
that has never before been witnessed in all 
that region. For example, we have just re- 
ceived, at the office of the Foreign Society, 
a telegram from Eugene, Oregon, announc- 
ing gifts aggregating $15,000 for a mission 
steamer on the Upper Congo. This is a vital 
need. We had not dared to hope for such 
gifts for this purpose at this time. But our 
poor faith has been rebuked by the vision 
and liberality of our brethren in Oregon. 
We are thrilled with joy over the news. 

The simple and artless story of Dr. Dye 
wins all hearts. Free from cant, free from 

beyond his time and strength to meet. 

When he returns to Bolenge he will carry 
with him the prayers and best wishes and 
material support of thousands of new 
friends. F. M. Rains, 

S. J. Corey, 


Inland Empire Notes. 

Good reports continue to come in from 
Itdand Empire day. Many of the societies 
report that it was a great day in the his- 
tory of their missionary forces. 

From reports sent in, we find that just 
at the time of the meeting a storm broke 
on a great many of the societies in Missouri, 
Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska. The indica- 
tions are that there was a general rainstorm 
over those states on the night of June 28. 
Some societies reported a decreased offering 
on account of it, some reported a deferred 
offering, and, in some instances, no offering 
at all. Let all societies, that were in any 
way put out by the bad weather, plan to 
overcome the difficulties by appointing a 
committee to raise an additional sum, or by 
observing the day at some other time, say 
the last Sunday in July, which is a place 
for another home missionary topic. 

A good many societies pledged to observe 
the day, and ordered supplies, but they have 
for some reason or other delayed to report 
results. The department is anxious to 
have reports from ail societies, so gather up 
the fragments, report the offering and send 
in the results just as soon as possible. 

All societies that have contributed; $10 or 
over will receive a Centennial Certificate. 
These certificates are to be signed by the 
president of the board, the corresponding 
secretary, the field secretary and the Cen- 
tennial secretary. The corresponding sec- 
retary has been out of the office for some 
time, and we have to await his return for 
his signature, but the certificates will be 
sent out some time during July. When your 
certificate comes, show it to the church, as 
well as to the Endeavor Society, and have 
it framed and hung in the Endeavor room. 

Now is the time to follow up the interest 
in Inland Empire day and secure the larg- 
est possible results. | We must work if we 
reach that $10,000 aim. The societies, so 
far, have not averaged $10 per society; 
therefore, we are going to need more than 
a thousand societies to reach the $10,000 

aim. Let us have the loyal support of every 
Endeavor society. H. A. Denton. 

Supt. Young People's Department, Ameri- 
can Christian Missionary Society, 1. M. 
C. A. Bldg., Cincinnati, O. 

As We Go to Press. 

Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Louisville, Ky., July 13. — Our little 4- 
year-old son, George Robert, passed into the 
arms of Jesus this morning at 7:15. — G. W. 

Special to The Christian-Evangelist. 

Princeton, Ky., July 13. — Thirty-nine first 
week. Record breaking audiences; Sunday- 
school yesterday largest in its history. Chas. 
W. Barnes is beloved as minister. This is 
our second meeting here. — Crossfield and 

National C. E. Conference and Rally. 

Here is the program for the National Chris- 
tian Endeavor conference and rally to be held at 
Bethany Park, Ind., Friday, August 7. Claude 
E. Hill, Mobile, Ala., national superintendent, is 
to be chairman and the music will be in charge 
of W. E. M. Hackleman: 

Morning, 9 o'clock — General subject. Christian 
Endeavor and the local church. Devotional serv- 
ices, led by W. H. Book, Columbus, O. Intro- 
ductory remarks, Claude E. Hill, national super- 
intendent, Mobile. Address, "The Present 
Status of the Christian Endeavor Movement,"' 
by A. B. Philputt, Indianapolis, Ind., pastor of 
Central Christian Church and trustee of United 
Society of Christian En'eavor. "Christian En- 
deavor as a Training School for Young Chris- 
tians," by Elmer Ward Cole, Huntington, Ind., 
pastor of Central Christian Church; "Christian 
Endeavor as an Evangelizing Force in the Local 
Church,"' by O. E. Tomes, state superintendent 
for Indiana, and pastor of the Inglewood Chris- 
tian Church; "Christian Endeavor as a Means 
of Promoting Christian Union," by R. H. Wag- 
goner, Cincinnati, O., formerly national superin- 
tendent. Address by John E. Pounds, Hiram, 
O., formerly national superintendent. 

Afternoon, 2 o'clock — General subject — 
"Christian Endeavor and Christian Missions," 
J. L. Deming, superintendent for Ohio, presid- 
ing. Song and prayer. "Children's Work in 
Foreign Lands," by Miss Mattie Pounds, na- 
tional Junior and Intermediate superintendent, 
Indianapolis, Ind.; "Christian Endeavor and 
American Missions," by H. A. Denton, secretary 
of the A. C. M. S-, Cincinnati. O. ; "Christian 
Endeavor Named Loan Fund," by George W. 
Muckley, secretary of the board of church ex- 
tension, Kansas City, Mo.: "Christian Endeavor 
and the Foreign Field," by Stephen J. Corey, 
secretary F. C. M. S., Cincinnati, O. ; "Christian 
Endeavor and the Centennial," by W. R. Warren, 
centennial secretary, Pittsburg, Pa. 

Evening, 7:30 o'clock — Great service of song 
led by W. E. M. Hackleman; address, Earl 
Wilfley, Crawfordsville, Ind. Address, "First 
Place by 1909." by Claude E. Hill, national su- 
perintendent, Mobile, Ala. 

@ © 

Ministerial Exchange. 

Arthur Stout has open dates for revivals during 
October and November. Address Artesia, New 

Joel Brown has open dates after November. 
May be addressed at Wyocena, Wis., where he is 
in a meeting. 

Charles P. Murphy, of Frederick. Okla.. can 
hold meetings. During the past two years and a 
half he received into the church 350 members 
and organized three congregations. He goes for 
freewill offerings. 

The First Christian Church of Los Angeles, 
Cal., wishes to secure the services of an assistant 
pastor to begin work about October 1. 190S. A 
man with a well trained voice who can conduct 
a high grade quartette and wlio has had success- 
ful experience in Sunday-school work is desired. 
A capable man who can fill with satisfaction this 
position will be paid a good salary. Address 
with particulars the pastor, A. C. Smither, 1500 
West Adams street. 

July 16, 1908. 




To the Brethren of Missouri. 

The Kansas City convention ordered me 
away from all work and care that I might 
get well. I am slowly, but I hope surely, 
gaining strength here by the lakeside. I 
am able to do almost nothing; barely able 
to scrawl these few words. Meantime my 
heart is in Missouri, and I am praying the 
work of our Bible School Association may 
not seriously suffer. J. H. Bryan, my son in 
the ministry and an experienced man, is in 
leadership of the work till I get back to my 
post, and I ask for him the same kind co- 
operation always accorded me. 

Let me thank all the dear friends who 
are writing, and assure them I appreciate 
their love and sympathy, but I can not an- 
swer their letters for lack of strength. 

Let all who have made pledges send the 
first quarter, which was due July 1. It is 
needed now. Send to me, 311 Century 
Bldg., Kansas City, and it will be taken care 
of. J. H. Hardin, State Supt. 

Macataiua, Mich., July 3. 

•$• •§• ♦ 

Teacher Training at the Twelfth Inter- 
national Sunday-School Convention. 

As was to be expected, the subject of 
Teacher Training received large and ear- 
nest attention at the great Louisville con- 
vention. The following extracts from the 
report of W. C. Pearce, International Su- 
perintendent of Teacher Training, will be 
interesting and informing: 

At the time of the appointment of the 
Committee on Education, in August, 1903, 
twenty-eight associations were doing organ- 
ized teacher training work. At the present 
time sixty-one associations have approved 
Teacher Training Departments according to 
the standard of the International Associa- 
tion. This means that they have either 
especially appointed teacher training super- 
intendents, or teacher training committees 
who supervise this department of work. It 
also means that the courses of study used 
have been approved by the Committee on 
Education, that the examinations are con- 
ducted in writing without help, and that 
their graduates are required to make a 
grade of at least seventy per cent. 

At Denver in 1902 — 28 Associations re- 
ported 1,424 teacher training classes; 
13,762 students, and 1,402 graduates. 

At Toronto, in 1905 — 46 Associations 
reported 2,431 classes; 34,211 students, and 
4,157 graduates. 

For the Past Triennium — 48 Associations 
report 6,704 classes, 79,086 students, and 
10,016 graduates. 

At Toronto, Mexico had just begun their 
teacher training work. They now report 
250 students. The West Indies work was 
not begun until 1906. They now report 
196 students. On January 1, 1908, the 
Trinidad and Tobago Association reported 
30 graduates. 

Eleven Associations report over 3,000 stu- 
dents each; 6 report between 1,000 and 
3,000; 24 report oetween 100 and 1,000. 
Fifteen Associations report over 100 and 
2 over 1,000 graduates each. 

Several denominations are doing teacher 
training work whose requirements are eoual 
to those of the International Association. 
Those reporting are Baptist South, Meth- 
odist Episcopal South, Presbyterian South, 
and the United Brethren. As the reports 
were not made by states and provinces, 
they could not be included in the regular 

tables nor shown upon the maps, 
ports are as follows: 


Baptist South 5,000 

M. E. South 3,500 

Presbyterian South 1,901 

United Brethren 1,590 

4 Denominations 11,991 

48 Associations 79,086 

Totals 91,077 

Their re- 



Associations in order of the largest num- 
ber of teacher training students enrolled 
during this triennium: 

Pennsylvania .... 








Massachusetts . . . 




Nova Scotia and 




West Virginia. . . 


California, South. 






New Bruns., and 

P. E. Is 



California, North 







Rhode Island. . . . 
Washington, East 


North Dakota . . 





West Indies .... 

Wyoming . 




Washington, West 



District of Colum- 

New Hampshire . . 
South Dakota . . 



South Carolina. . 


Total 79,086 

None Reported. — Alabama, Alaska, Connecti- 
cut, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Montana, Ne- 
vada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Philippines, 
Porto Rico, Newfoundland, Alberta British Co- 
lumbia, East; British Columbia, West; Saskatche- 
wan, Quebec, Wisconsin. 

Associations in order of the largest num- 
ber of teacher training graduates during 
this triennium : 





New Hampshire. 
West Indies .... 

North Dakota . . . 
California, North 



' 30 

• • f 



Rhode Island 


West Virgini 

a. . . 



Washington, West 

South Dakota . . . 

New York .... 





New Bruns 

P. E-. Is. 

California, S 



, ,4 








None Reported. — Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, 
Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Geor- 
gia, Idaho, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Mississippi, 
Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, 
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wiscon- 
sin, Wyoming, Philippines, Porto Rico, Mexico, 
Newfoundland, Alberta, British Columbia, East; 
British Columbia, West; Quebec, Saskatchewan. 

The above report is of special interest 
to us as a Bible school people. During the 
last ten months, according to published re- 
ports from many states, we had enrolled 
not less than 80,000 teacher training stu- 
dents in our own schools. The report of 
Mr. Pearce shows 91,077 students enrolled 
from all denominations up to June 1st, 1908. 
It is very evident that a very large num- 
ber of our enrolled students were never re- 
ported to the state superintendents of 
teacher-training. It is to be regrected that 
the repeated and definite instructions to 
enroll have not been heeded, so that our 
strength in this movement might have ap- 
peared on the International record. It is 
now too late to enroll for this past report, 

but the teacher training report at San 
Francisco in 1911 should show that we as 
a people are "in it." Eeport your class 

Mr. Pearce 's report shows only 11,542 
graduates. A glance down the list of states 
shows that we have very few graduates in 
some of the states which report our largest 
enrollment. This can be explained by re- 
membering that many classes have not been 
at the work long enough to graduate, and 
their report will appear in the San Fran- 
cisco report in 1911. But another fact is 
evident: that very many begin the teacher 
training work and do not complete it. Many 
large classes report a large loss when the 
class begins the study of the lessons direct- 
ly concerned with the problems and prin- 
ciples of the Bible school. No pains should 
be spared to persuade larger numbers to 
complete the whole course and receive the 

Three things are before us as a people: 
First, to have a class in connection with 
every Bible school for the training of teach- 
ers; second, the enrollment of the class with 
the State Superintendent of teacher train- 
ing; third, the graduation of larger classes. 
While we have done great things along the 
teacher training line, the work has just be- 
gun. It must continue as long as there are 
pupils to teach and teachers to train. 

*■*■* ♦$♦ +% 

The President's Letter About Missouri's 
New Plans for This Year. 

Dear Fellow Workers: The Kansas City 
state convention urged better methods in 
our Bible schools, emphasizing "teacher 
training" and the Adult Bible class move- 
ment as the present imperative demands. 
Our religious papers are stressing the same 
things. Fortunately, in J. H. Hardin, and 
now J. H. Bryan, we have at our command 
two of the Dest equipped men in our broth- 
erhood to give direction to these depart- 
ments. On account of illness, largely pro- 
duced by heavy work, the convention granted 
Brother Hardin a month's rest, and the 
board called J. H. Bryan, of Iowa, for the 
summer months to lead the forces and to 
more thoroughly introduce the Adult Bible 
class idea. This he is now doing with such 
efficiency, and meeting with such reception 
in a few days' time at Kansas City and 
Sedalia, that the board desires to retain his 
services for a year. Missouri must keep pace 
with our sister states. The convention and 
the board are united in this desire. We now 
have the men. We come to you for the 
money, hence this personal letter. 

Brother Hardin has sent a card soliciting 
the pledge of each school, but I feared you 
would not understand our pressing need. If 
we retain Brother Bryan 's services we must 
know we have the means, and that within a 
few weeks. Make your pledge and send in 
the card to the office at once. Do not delay. 
The board can do no more than authorized 
to do. Your liberal pledge at once will help 
to adjust this matter. 

Yours for a great year's work among the 
children and the church of Missouri in the 
study of the Word. 

A. W. Kokendoffer, Prest. 

Sedalia, Mo., July 1, 1908. 
♦ ♦ ♦ 

Watch this page next week for a stirring 
announcement from Missouri which will 
make all the other states sit up and take no- 
tice. Hardin and Bryan are a great team. 



July 16, 1908. 

Some Open Air Work. 

Growing out of tne open air campaign 
conducted by the Humboldt Street Church, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., last summer, the evan- 
gelical churches of this section (17th ward) 
nave united in a summer's campaign in the 
open air. Four open air meetings are held 
each week, three on each Sunday night 
in different places, and one large mass meet- 
ing on each Monday night. This is the first 
united effort put forth by the churches of 
this ward and it is proving of great value 
to the church. The fact of sin is forcing 
us to forget our difterences and emphasize 
our common faith m Christ as the Saviour 
of men. The Humboldt Street Church will 
keep an ' ' open door ' ' through the summer, 
holding all her regular services. If visit- 
ing the city, we snail ue glad to have you 
visit us and give us a helping hand. 

The 17th ward is becoming a great man- 
ufacturing center of this city. The popu- 
lation is growing, and in the near future 
we shall equal the congested sections of 
Manhattan. Here is an opportunity for the 
Disciples of Christ. Who is willing to make 
possible a worK such a section demands 1 
The Humboldt Street Church, few in mem- 
bers, poor in this world's good, but rich 
in faith, is doing ner best to discharge her 
obligation to the -masses flocking to this 
section. Has not the Church of Christ in 
the Central west, rich and strong, some re- 
sponsibility! Here is a task that challenges 
your faith, appeals have been made to 
our national C. W. B. M., also our A. C. 
M. S. to come to our help. They answer, 
' ' Impossible for lack of funds. ' ' 

We have, as a church, proved our faith 
and devotion to the cause of Christ during 
the past five or six years. By the help of 
God we fully intend to forge ahead, doing 
our best to give the Gospel to the people, 
l am quite sure, however, it is not tne will 
of God, that we be left alone to this task. 
if you are interested, write. 

Three have been added to the church since 
last report. Jos. Keevil. 

704 Humboldt Street. 

Baptists and Disciples. 

In and around the little town of Wyocena, 
Wis., there live a few families of Disciples, 
who are worshiping with the Baptists and 
Congregational churches of that place. In 
May I was asked by them and the Baptists 
to hold a meeting with a view of forming- 
some sort of a working basis. I eagerly 
accepted the invitation and arrived here 
July 4 to begin. But in the mean time 
someone got busy; it is rumored it was the 
Baptist state secretary. So I was allowed to 
preach but three sermons, when I was asked 
to quit. The sermons were ' ' Fruit-bearing, ' ' 
a plea for more consecrated work for God, 
"Jacob," a character sketch, and "Is there 
a God and how may we Know Him ? ' ' — none 
of them at all doctrinal. But there was on 
the field a young Englishman educated in the 
Moody School of Theology, who was so igno- 
rant of us as to state that we practiced foot- 
washing, and dipped three times in baptism. 
Such ignorance, together with the circula- 
tion of ' ' The Inter-State Christian Her- 
ald," of July 4, in which appears an ar- 
ticle from the pen of Geo. Sutherland, D.D.. 
of Grand Island, Neb., urging the Baptists 
to resist the approaches for union on the 
part of the " Campbellites, " are sufficient 
reasons for the shut-out. An ignorant 
preacher and a narrow newspaper tell the 

In the article referred to by Mr. Suther- 
land, he states that the Disciples attribute 
to baptism a "magical effect securing for- 
giveness. ' ' It takes one back to his child- 
hood; such statements were perhaps ex- 
cusable when there was a scarcity of litera- 
ture, but to-day, when one may know with 
such little effort, it is hard to believe that 
a D. D. would make such a. statement in 
ignorance. It is refreshing to believe that 

such conditions are not characteristic of the 

I hired the town hall and am preach- 
ing the best I can to an appreciative au- 
dience, urging a careful and prayerful study 
of God's word that we may know his will. 
I will report the outcome at the close of 
my stay here. Joel Brown. 

Wyocena, Wis. 

8 ® 

The International Convention. 

Perhaps hundreds and thousands who read 
this paper are looking forward to that day 
in October when they shall turn their backs 
for the time upon the familiar sights and 
sounds of home, and make real a dream 
they have long cherished of paying a visit 
to Louisiana, the land of romance. 

Great indeed is the pleasure in store for 
those fortunate ones who shall journey across 
this historic state to that ' ' City of Won- 
ders ' ' — New Orleans. Not all the pleas- 
ures of the visitor will be found in the great 
spiritual uplift and the sweet fellowship 
of the convention: the addresses which we 
shall hear there; the music of that great 
chorus a thousand strong; these things will 
be so indelibly impressed upon om* mem- 
ories that time can never erase them. Yet 
aside from these things there will be seen 
and heard by those who come from afar 
such sights and sounds as they have never 
dreamed of even in tne hours when fancy 
was most active in picturing unseen de- 

immediately upon entering the state, you 
will pass through Lake Charles, one of the 
prettiest cities in our country. Situated on 
the lake from which it takes its name, and 
connected with the Gulf of Mexico by the 
Calcasieu Biver, it enjoys commercial re- 
lations with the world by water and by 
rail. Here you will see steamers, sail boats, 
and innumerable motor boats skimming over 
the surface of the water, beautiful homes, 
immense manufacturing plants and every 
enterprise known to a prosperous city of 
18,000 people. 

From here tne train will bear you through 
the beautiful "Rice Belt,' with its intri- 
cate canal system, through the cotton belt 
with its hordes of singing darkies as they 
pick the fleecy snow-white product of the 
plant, through great sugar plantations with 
their stately mansions, the homes of the 
planters. You can aiso see the oil fields, 
the salt mines, the sulphur mines, the oyster 
fisheries, each of these industries offering 
new and strange attractions to interest the 

After seeing all these things and enjoy- 
ing the forests of pine and cypress, your 
train will carry you into sight of the ' ' Cres- 
cent City ' ' — a city of ancient grandeur and 
of modern beauty. Here is the city of which 
such marvelous tales have been told; where 
one breathes the very air of romance and 
mystery; where the old portion of the city 
lives its life in harmony with the tradi- 
tions of centuries gone, and the newer por- 
tion reveals the results of modern energy 
and enterprise. 

Volumes could be written — have been 
written — describing the wonders of this, 
the only city of its kind in the world, but 
to know New Orleans one must see it. Thou- 
sands of our brothers and sisters will be 
there in October, and great will be the re- 
joicing of the brotherhood iu Louisiana. 
The Mew Orleans Church is jubilant over 
the responses which are pouring in, accept- 
ing her invitation, and every church iu the 
state is rallying to her support iu pro- 
viding for the success and entertainment 
of this great convention. 

The churches of Louisiana will be there 
in force, the South will unite in assuring 
its success, and we feel confident of the 
co-operation of every section of the coun- 
try in making this a fit forerunner of 
"Pittsburg, 1909." 

Come, brethren, partake of our hospital- 

ity, share with us the wisdom of your ex- 
perience, and may the associations of this 
convention bind our hearts closer than ever 
together in the love of Christ Jesus our 
Lord. Otis Hawkins, 

Minister First Christian Church. 
Lake Charles, La. 

Good Training Work. 

We graduated 77 in our teacher train- 
ing class at Bethany, Neb. We had a special 
program for the occasion. There was an 
address on the subject, ' ' The Bible A Li- 
brary, " by the minister of the church, and 
the diplomas were presented by Prof. W. 
B. Jackson, the State Superintendent of 
teacher training. Prof. Jackson in his 
remarks stated that this was the largest 
class of graduates in the state of Nebraska, 

This work was in charge of J. Z. Briscoe, 
Mrs. M. E. King and Prof. J. W. Hilton. 
Mr. Briscoe had the largest class, his grad- 
uates numbering 47; of these over 20 made 
a grade of 100 per cent. Mr. Briscoe is a 
man of seventy years of age and has taught 
young people's Bible classes for many 
years. All of these teachers did most ex- 
cellent work. Brother Hilton's class was 
taught during the midweek for those who 
could not take it on Sunday. Mr. Clyde 
Cordner, a student of Cotner University, 
is our efficient superintendent. We hope 
to have many more graduates next year. 
H. O. Pritehard. 


Advertisements will be received under this head 
at the rate of two cents a word each insertion^ 
all words, large or small, to be counted and two 
initials being counted as a word. Advertisemente 
must be accompanied by remittances to save book- 

Business Opportunities. 

WE HAVE an actual gold mine in operation at 
Rawhide, Nevada, machinery installed and tak- 
ing out ore. All Christian men, we need a 
little more money to secure returns from the 
smelters; will let you in on the ground floor 

with us and tre atoyu right. I,. \V. Klinker, Los 
Angeles, California. 

Church Supplies, Etc. 

HAS IT for less. All church and Bible schoof 
supplies. Get catalogue L. American Black- 
board Company, 810 Olive st., St. Louis, Mo. 

Evangelists and Ministers. 

GEO. L. SNIVELY, 773 Aubert Ave., St, Louis, 
general evangelist, dedicator, pulpit supply. 

D. H. SHANKLIN, evangelist, Normal, HI., uses 
stereopticon, charts and furnishes singer if de- 

M. It. SHANKS, of Geary, Oklahoma, after t 
three-years' pastorate at that place, has re- 
signed for the purpose of entering the evan- 
gelistic field. He would be glad to correspond 
with churches needing meetings. Address hint 
at Geary, Oklahoma. 

Musical Instruments. 

ORGANS. — If you require an organ for church. 
school, or home, write Hinners Organ Com- 
pany, Pekin, Illinois, who build Pipe Organs 
and Reed Organs of highest grade and sell 
direct from factory, saving you agent's profit. 

Schools and Colleges. 

SEND for catalog of Christian University, Can- 
ton, Mo. Departments — Preparatory, Classical 
Scientific, Biblical. Commercial and Music For 
ladies and gentlemen. Address Pres. Car! 
Johann, Canton. Mo. 

CENTS plus 25 1-2 hours a week pays for ali 
the privileges of an up-to-date school. Catalogue 
tree. Address School of the Evangelists, 
Kimberlin Heights, Term. 


OLIVER TYPEWRITER.— Good as new. Abso- 
lutely first-class order. Bargain price. C, care 
of Christian- Evangelist, 

July 16, 1908. 



Pomcna College Commencement. 

Wednesday, June 24, was commence- 
ment day at Pomona College — our col- 

This is the school which most gener- 
ously opened wide its gates to the fellow- 
ship of the Disciples some two years since. 
This experiment is proving a most happy 
experience to both parties. As acquaint- 
ance with the men, life and atmosphere 
of this splendid Christian college develops, 
the Disciples are gradually awakening to 
the fact that they have a vital connection 
with the best college on the coast, a real 
voice and vote in the management of an 
educational equipment represented by a 
plant worth $250,000 and by an endow- 
ment of $350,000, a faculty of forty pro- 
fessors and instructors and an attendance 
of 300 students in collegiate courses. 

At the commencement exercises we were 
happy to note the attendance of as many 
preachers from among the Disciples as 
those of the Congregational body. This 
year the graduating class numbered 48 
young men and women. The high quality 
of work done by the institution was evi- 
denced in the thoughtful addresses de- 
livered by the graduates. 

That this college is fulfilling its mission 
to develop Christian character, and liv- 
ing up to the high ideal expressed in its 
motto, "Our Tribute to Christian Civiliza- 
tion," is evidenced by the subjects 
chosen, as well as the spirit in Avhich they 
were considered by the graduates. They 
are worthy of mention here: "Citizenship 
and the Christian College"; "The Debt 
of the Church to Early Latin Hymns ' ' ; 
< ' Our Political Duty to Our State " ; " The 
Trend of Evolution"; "Modern Architec- 

On the board of directors the Disciples 
have five members: C. C. Chapman, F. M. 
Dowling, John Fleming, W. L. Porterfield 
and A. C. Smither. 

The greatest educational need among all 
Christian Churches of Southern California 
is to realize this day of their opportunity. 
We need to know Pomona College for our 
own good. It is another case of ' ' In- 
formation, Inspiration, Eealization. ' ' 
Grant K. Lewis, Secretary. 

Southern California and Arizona. 

J. P. Conder, of Oregon, has taken hold 
of the situation at Tucson with a firm 
grasp. He reports good audiences and 
the people greatly encouraged. Having 
established two other churches in great 
cities on the coast, he writes that this op- 
portunity is the best he has ever met in 

his work in the West. W. T. Adams, 

our pastor at Corona, saw the fruit of his 
labors in the dedication of the new build- 
ing at that place. C. C. Chapman was 
present and raised $1,100, which enabled 
the house to be dedicated free from debt. 
Levi McCash, the efficient man at On- 
tario, recently greatly enlarged our plant 
there and called upon F. M. Dowling to 

dedicate the building, June 21. Charles 

Reign Scoville and his company of evan- 
gelists are, at this writing, beginning a 
meeting with our Pasadena church. This 
is said to be the finest building of our 
brotherhood in the West. Its cost is rep- 
resented by $80,000. This building will 
be dedicated at the close of the series of 

meetings now begun. John Cronenber- 

ger has accepted a call to the church at 
Santa Ana, and is already busy in the new 
field. His pulpit recently resigned at 
Santa Barbara will be supplied during the 

summer by C. A. 'Young. An effort is 

being made to enlist a number of churches 
in an evangelistic campaign this coming 
season under the leadership of George L. 
Snively. Beginning in Colorado in the 
fall, and coming through Arizona, he will 
be ready for meetings in Southern Cali- 
fornia about the last of November. Write 

to the secretary for terms and dates. 

Mrs. Princess Long, from the United 
States, recently paid a hurried visit to 

her Southern California home. Arrange- 
ments are about perfected for her return 
to the coast for permanent residence. We 
anticipate her presence for our Long 

Beach convention. John T. Stivers, 

evangelist, who labored most successfully 
this past year in Southern California, has 
secured a home in Los Angeles at No. 
2728 Kenwood street. This betokens his 
presence and his work among our 
churches for a time. He will find plenty 

to do. DeForest Austin, until recently 

of Nebraska, the editor of the state paper, 
has located in Southern California. His 

home is at Inglewood, Los Angeles. 

W. H. Hanna, of the Philippines, where 
for six years he has labored under our 
foreign board, arrived in Los Angeles last 
week. He is home on a furlough. Our 
churches will not let him rest long; we are 
hungry for the message he will bring us 
of the' victories of the cross following the 

flag. J. R. Jolly has resigned his work 

at Huntington Beach to ^become assistant 
pastor of the Sterling Place Church, New 
York City. He expects to enter Union 
Theological Seminary. T. L. Young, of 
Arkansas, has been called to succeed him. 

Remember the date of the Long Beach 

convention, August 5-16. C. S. Medbury 
is chief speaker. Royal J. Dye and wife, 
of Bolenge, Africa, will be present. For 
information and programs write to 

Grant K. Lewis, Secretary. 

Western Washington Convention. 

The fourth annual convention of the 
Western Washington Christian Missionary 
Society was held in the First Church, 
Tacoriia, June 18-21. While there has 
been no evangelist in the field during the 
past year the convention was up to the 
usual standard, and the reports of the 
year 's work were excellent. 

About 175 regular delegates were in 
attendance, and in addition to this, we 
were favored with the presence of W. J. 
Wright, of Cincinnati; Mrs. Louise Keliey, 
of Emporia, Kan., and Dr. and Mrs. Royal 
J. Dye, of Bolenge, Africa. Each spoke, 
stirring the convention with the great 
needs in their respective fields of labor. 

On account of a change in the date of 
the convention this year the reports cov- 
ered a period of only nine months, and 
taking' with this the fact that several of 
the churches failed to return the blanks 
sent them, the reports were most ^ratify- 
ing. Sunday-school work, especially, has 
made freat strides forward, and since 
W. A. Moore, our corresponding secretary, 
is a splendid Sunday-school man, we may 
expect great things for the future. The 
First Church, of which Brother Moore is 
pastor, only recently won over Seattle, 
Portland, Spokane and other Western 
cities, in an exciting attendance contest, 
the First Church having, on Easter Sun- 
day, an attendance of 1402'. There are 
twelve teacher training classes in Eastern 
Washington, with an enrollment of 334. 
Our total Sunday-school enrollment is 
4.869, representing a gain of 265 in the 
nine months. The C. W. B. M. report 
showed a membership of 609, sixteen aux- 
iliaries, and a total offering of $1,209.32 
in nine months. 

The total number of Disciples of Christ 
in Western Washington is 5,286, showing 
a gain of 653. Since the last convention 
$21,000 was paid by the churches to min- 
isters on salary, $5,400 for incidentals and 
collected for state work $406. The total 
valuation of our property is $225,000. 

J. W. Baker, of Neosho, Mo., has been 
called as state evangelist, to begin Sep- 
tember 1. 

The following officers were chosen for 
the ensuing year: President, U. E. Har- 
mon; first vice-president, T. J. Shuey, 
Seattle; second vice-president, F. H. 
Groom, Tacoma; third vice-president, 
M. L. Rose, North Yakima; recording sec- 
retary, J. L. Garvin, Seattle; correspond- 
ing secretary, W. A. Moore, Tacoma; 
superintendent of Sunday-school work, 

Ralph Sargent, Ellensburg; treasurer, 
J. T. Eshelman, Tacoma. 

U. E. Harmon was also indorsed by the 
convention as a trustee of the Eugene 
Divinity School. 

Among the important plans for the new 
year, as outlined by the committee on fu- 
ture work, are: The immediate collection 
of all outstanding pledges for state work, 
the taking of new pledges immediately, 
and co-operation of all the churches with 
Brother Baker in the work of planting 
new congregations in this great and prom- 
ising country. Each congregation is asked 
to lend its minister for one month to the 
state board for a mission meeting. 

The next convention will be held in 
Seattle in June, 1909. F. H. Groom," 

Pastor Central Christian Church, Tacoma. 

Texas Convention. 

At Thorp Spring, June 9-17, the attend- 
ance was not as large as usual, largely 
owing to the recent floods of rain and 
washouts on the railways. Farmeis were 
so behind with their work that they must 
work. In results, spirit and liberality we 
have never had a better convention. In 
round numbers $35,000 was raised for state 
missions last year. This includes the cash 
raised for state mission work, houses and 
lots, all by the men employed by the 
churches co-operating through the state 
board. Nine hundred and seventy-seven 
persons confessed Christ. One hundred 
and twenty-two came from the denomina- 
tions. Over 2,000 persons were added to 
our Texas churches by the Texas mis- 

E. M. Waits, president, set the pace for 
fine addresses. George L. Bush, A. C. Par- 
ker, .Dr. Clinton Lockhart, Cephas Shel- 
burne, J. B. Holmes and others followed, 
giving the convention a rich feast rarely 
excelled. J. C. Mason, corresponding sec- 
retary, delivered an address which the 
convention ordered published in tract 
form. Twenty-nine new churches and 
twenty-two new Bible schools were 
planted during the year by Texas mission- 
aries. C. G. Brelos, our German evan- 
gelist, made a fine impression. The con- 
vention ordered that one more German 
evangelist be employed. 

Some twenty of the state missionaries 
were introduced to the convention and 
made short talks. They were cordially 
given the Chautauqua salute. Permanent 
work and care for the weak churches were 
keynotes of all reports and this was 
heartily approved by the convention. A 
summer campaign was launched with 
vigor. Already a half dozen evangelistic 
teams are in the field doing mission work. 
Six county seats in the great West 
Texas will have meetings held this sum- 
mer and fall. Other parts of the state 
will fare as well. The next convention 
goes to Corsicana. J. C. Mason was re- 
elected corresponding secretary and be- 
gins his sixth year with the brightest of 
prospects. In his five years' service he 
has secured a number of reliable and suc- 
cessful helpers. Fifty thousand dollars for 
Texas missions is the new year's motto. 
J. C. Mason. 




Proven the Best for 



July 16. 1908;- 


I spent from June 13-26 at McEae 
preaching to our young preacherless 
church in that good town of 2,000 people. 
I did not go there to hold a ' ' protracted 
meeting, ' ' but to encourage the members 
and to arrange, if possible, for regular 
preaching. J. A. Perdue, of Eastman, 
will preach for them and I am sure will 
do a fine work for and with that most 
noble band. I baptized one young lady 
and had two additions by statement. The 
people gave me a cordial welcome and my 

stay with them was quite pleasant. 

1 began a meeting at Nashville, the coun- 
ty-seat of Berrien, Sunday, June 28. It 
is our first effort in this town of 1,500 
people. We are holding services in 
opera house and our beginning is quite 

satisfactory. I will report results. 

E. B. Clarkson is now in a meeting at 
Green Valley, this county. He is labor- 
ing under the direction of the state board. 

David Arnold, of Hampton, who has 

been a student at Drake University for 
several years and preaching for a church 
nearby, will spend the summer in Geor- 
gia. He can be secured to hold meet- 
ings and he is too good in the pulpit to 
be idle. Keep him busy. Address him 
Hampton, Ga. E. Lv Shelnutt. 


The Amarillo Meeting. 

The church at Amarillo, Texas, has just 
enjoyed one of the best meetings in her 
history, which was conducted by Fife and 
son, of Kansas City, Mo. Let me make men- 
tion of a few' facts concerning both the 
church and of the evangelists: 

The church had made great preparation, 
was united in effort and all were agreed, 
taking for their motto, ' ' Behold now good 
and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell 
together in unity. ' ' The church had prayed 
for the meeting for one whole year and 
much personal work was done. The church 
had taken the census of the city, and the 
pastor knew nearly every man, woman and 
child before they came into the church. 
Many of their names were on the pastor's 
prayer list before the meeting. A large 
tabernacle was prepared which would seat 
1,200 people, and the audiences were large 
from the very first; sometimes on Sunday 
nights our ushers would turn people away. 
The people seemed hungry to hear the word, 
and they did not complain at the length of 
the service although the nights were short.. 
The results of the four weeks' campaign 
were as follows : By confession, 63 ; by let- 
ter, 10; by statement, 55, making a total of 
128. Four of this number went to the other 
churches. The meeting was satisfactory to 
both pastor and church. 

Now, a few words about the evangelists. 
I do not want to overdraw the picture. 1 
think we do our evangelists harm sometimes 
by trying to flatter them through the press. 
Their standard was 1 Cor. 2:1,2, and that 
standard was maintained throughout the 
entire meeting. They never compromised 
God's word, they were fearless speaking in 
the name of the Lord Jesus, yet always 
working in the spirit of Christ. Their meth- 
od of work is fine. They do not try to 
burden the church with all the methods, but 
they have a few simple ones and they are 
pushed with great vigor. Do a few things 
and do them well, is their motto. They 
have a great power over men and succeed 
admirably in getting men to commit them- 
selves to "the Lord and his work. They strive 
to build up every department of the church ; 
•iot merely to get "additions," but to put 
the work on a substantial basis. They seek 
to build up the pastor in the estimation of 
his own people, and their work is not only 
practical but helpful to the pastor after 
they have gone. Finally, these men con- 
ducted themselves as becometh servants of 
God. We did not have to apologize for 
their conduct after they were gone. Let all 
evangelists take note of this. Nothing hurts 
the cause of Christ worse than for a min- 
ister, be he an evangelist or pastor, to go 
"daffy" over some woman. These men 
were clean in their lives, and never did 1 
hear them criticised for one act. They were 
prompt at all their services and prompt at 
all their meals, which, by the way, is a good 
lesson for all evangelists to learn, and 1 
feel sure that we shall reap much fruit from 

their labors yet in days to come. We are 
still worshiping under our big tabernacle, 
and shall strive to commence our new church 
building this fall. Our church was greatly 
strengthened by the meeting in every way. 
Jewell Howard, pastor. 

Our New Mountain School. 

Beckley Institute, located at Beckley, W. 
Va., is the third mountain school to be 
organized and supported by the Christian 
Woman's Board of Missions. A magnifi- 
cent gift of land, buildings, and money, 
amounting in all to $41,500, induced the 
launching of this new enterprise. The first 
session under this management has just 
ended. The total enrollment for the year 
was 360. The capacity of the school 'was 
taxed to the utmost. A dormitory to cost 
$15,000 is to be erected this summer. The 
site for the proposed new buildings is a 
most beautiful one. 

The closing exercises occurred June 21- 
25. Mrs. Anna E, Atwater, of Indiana- 
polis, was present with earnest, inspiring 
words for students and citizens. Professor 
E. W. McDiarmid came from Bethany Col- 
lege to be present during the closing week 
to take permanent charge of the school as 
its principal. He has located at Beckley, 
and will spend the summer looking after 
the interests of the work. 

A summer session for teachers is now 
being conducted by Professor D. H. Hol- 
brook, of Kentucky. This will continue 
until July _ 25. Eitchie Ware, minister of 
the Christian church, has been of inesti- 
mable service throughout the session. His 
Bible courses have been popular and help- 

This work of bringing Christian educa- 
tion within reach of the young men and 
women of Appalachian America, appeals 
strongly to all who have made themselves 
conversant with its value. Friends are 
needed. Letters of inquiry addressed to 
the principal will receive prompt answer. 

Building Up the Cause in Texas. 

Among those that attended the dedica- 
tion of our new church at Sweetwater, 
Texas, were a few who, together with the 
writer, met and prayerfully planned to en- 
ter Hamlin and there plant the cause of 
New Testament Christianity. June 3 found 
me in Hamlin with the support of a godly 
band of Christian women who had secured 
the Methodist house for the meeting. Ham- 
lin is not yet three years old, and has 3,800 
population, being the largest town of its 
age in the state. Like all of these Western 
cities of rapid growth, the panic hit it 
hard, still its prosperity is assured. The 
Baptists and Methodists, and Presbyterians 
are well ' ' housed, ' ' but for those people 


New Testaments 

Send for Catalogue and Prices. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

St. Louis. Mo. 

who desire to be known as Christians- there 
was no house, no location, and no money. 
To-day we have the best location in Ham- 
lin, a corner lot on the opposite corner" 
from the Methodists, who paid $1,500 for 
theirs. For our location we paid largely 
in Christian love, friendship and helpful- 
ness, God's currency. Also we have in cash- 
and good pledges $l r 100 and a working 
congregation of some 35 saints, earnest,- 
loving and working. The writer baptized 
six, one came from the Baptists- — seven ad- 
ditions. It is such women as Sister Wren 
and those who rallied to her support that' 
lend strength to the work, and inspire the 
preacher to sacrifice and toil on. Every- 
where I go I find a few faithful, earnest, - 
and deeply spiritual women that suggest 
Eev. 2:10; Mark 13:13; Jude 3. My visit 
at Hamlin has given me greater, deeper 
and higher ideas of our great plea and the 
godly men and women who are standing 
for all that it means. By unanimous vote' 
I was "commanded" to return and ded- 
icate the new church-house, finish the finan- 
cial canvass and hold a short meeting in 
the auditorium. Under the strong leader- 
ship of Brother Thad Huffman there is- 
a good working Bible school with a future 
big with possibilities for good to church 
and community. I begin at Blevens, Ark., 
July 22, from there to Okolona, Ark., then 
to Alpine, Texas. If you have a hard field 
and want a meeting, write me at 613 W, 
Macon street, San Antonio, Texas. 

Percv G. Cross-. 


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July 16, 1908. 




June is not the most favorable month 
for our work in Kentucky, from any point 
of view. The commencements and Chil- 
dren 's Day occupy the thoughts of the 
young, and therefore those who are older 
are concerned about the same matter. Then 
it is a busy month on the farms, and that 
hinders both the work of the men and pre- 
vents attention to the matter of meeting 

financial obligations. Win. J. Evans, 

who comes to us from Indiana, and most 
highly commended bv E. B. Scofield, has 
undertaken the work at Lebanon Junction. 
We hope that he may be able to advance 
the cause in that difficult field. One added 

by statement. Indications hopeful. — 

J. B. Flinchum reports 17 added in Breath- 
itt County and some money raised for 

church building that is on hand. D. 

G. Combs reports seven reclaimed from the 
world. He has been for most of the month 
at Hazel Green. So many places are plead- 
ing with him to help them that he is restive 

under regular work. Three added by 

J. W. Masters. He gave little time to the 
field. The sickness and death of his mother 
forbade that. He is now in Harlan court- 
house, seeking to put the finishing touches 
on the house of worship just built there. 

■ Latonia closed whirlwind campaign 

and raised about $500. Five added — three 
by confession and baptism and two by let- 
ter or statement. II. C. Eunyon reports 

work doing well in all departments. 

Louis A. Kohler has succeeded J. P. Born- 

wasser at Bromley and is hopeful. 

W. L. Lacy is trying hard to bring up the 
work in his territory anu hopes to be able 
to make a good report at the annual meet- 
ing. — < Eight baptisms in Laurel Coun- 
ty by H. L. Morgan, and two other addi- 
tions. A more active campaign will soon 
be inaugurated by him. — Munford- 

ville has the service of J. K. Reid, and he 
says the work is progressing fairly well. 

C. M. Summers suffered the great 

sorrow of losing the little child just born 

to them. Bardstown had the services 

of J. B. Briney two Sundays and matters 

are about as usual. Edw. B. Eichey 

says the whirlwind campaign for South 
Louisville debt closes July 12. They will 

realize about $500 from the effort. 

W. J. Cocke held a meeting at Dry Eidge, 
in Grant County. He had eleven additions 
during the month — four of those by bap- 
tism. He is now at Hillsboro, Fleming 
County, for a meeting. Thos. B. Howe 

is the preacher there. — Paintsville and 

the Big Sandy Valley are fortunate in hav- 
ing A. Sandess located at the town just 
named. The secretary was there and the 
progress being made on the house and the 
work generally is very gratifying. The last 
improvement is on the house. A Solomon's 
porch — 10x30 feet— is being built in front 
of the house and a baptistry is put in the 
porch. You have to go through the bap- 
lstry to get into the church, and that is 
about right. He is also seeking to estab- 
lish the cause at Louisa, county seat of 
Lawrence County. We have there about 
twenty people — no house. H. W. El- 
liott was busy all the month visiting about 
twelve different places and speaking about 
twenty times. He was present at several 
conventions, urging the needs of Kentucky 

missions. Officers were ordained at 

Quincy, Lewis County, where J. P. Born- 
wasser has done a splendid work. The re- 
ceipts for the month amounted to $345.91. 
This is not enough to meet the obligations 
of the month. We urge all the friends of 
the work to bestir themselves that we may 
go to Hopkinsville with our obligations 
met. Every church failing to pay the ap- 
portionment contributes to a possible de- 
feat, H. W. Elliott, Sec. 


The eity of Seattle entertained Dr. 
and Mrs. Eoyal J. Dye for one week, be- 
ginning June 21, and closing with a fare- 
well reception on Monday evening, June 
29. Mrs. Louise Kelley, the national rep- 
resentative of the C. W. B. M., was a 
guest of honor at the reception. 

Our churches have been stirred to their 
depths and not only has the First Cnnrch 
raised $950 for Dr. Dye's support, but 
the Queen Anne Church, J. L. Greenwell, 
pastor, raised $750 at the morning serv- 
ice Sunday, and has become a living link. 

Elaborate plans were made and carried 
out to the letter for the entertainment of 
our African representatives. Too much 
commendation can not be uttered in be- 
half of these consecrated missionaries. 
Their lives, their message, their humility 
and their ceaseless enthusiasm quicken 
and awaken all with whom they come in 

Every day brought new features to 
the front. Sunday morning, June 21, 
Mrs. Dye spoke at the First Church and 
won the appreciation of ail her hearers. 
Tuesday and Wednesday Dr. Dye met the 
Christian business men of the city dur- 
ing lunch hour at the Y. M. C. A. build- 
ing. Plans were discussed for the en- 
largement of the Bolcnge work, and those 
hours will ever be remembered. Strong 
men wept under the impassioned appeal 
of the speaker. Wednesday evening 
witnessed the greatest social event the 
churches of Seattle ever witnessed. A 
banquet was tendered Dr. and Mrs. Dye 
at which representatives from all the 
churches of the city were present. One 
hundred and twenty-five covers were laid. 
The spirit of fellowship and co-operation 
rose to high tide. Following the banquet 
at 8 p. m. in the auditorium of the 
Y. M. C. A. building, Dr. Dye delivered 
his stereopticon lecture on "The Cry 
from the Heart of Africa," to an enthu- 
siastic audience. Tuesday morning the 
W. W. G. girls of the First Church enter- 

tained the missionaries at a picnic, These 
young girls, about 25 in number, have 
rdedged $25 a year to Dr. Dye's support. 
Dr. and Mrs. Dye and Hermon P. Wil- 
liams, missionary to the Philippines, who 
returned on the steamer Aid Maru, June 
25, were the center of attraction at the 
Sunday-school picnic at Woodland Park 
Friday. The week culminated in a spir- 
itual aw T akening in all the churches on 
Sunday. Dr. Dye spoke at the First 
church, Mrs. Dye at the Queen Anne 
Church and Mrs. Kelley at the University 
Church in the morning. At 3 o 'clock 
p. m. there was a mass meeting of the 

churches under the auspices of the 
C. W. B. M. women at the First Church. 
Mrs. J. O. McGinness, president of the 
Western Washington C. W. B. M., pre- 
sided. Mrs. Kelley gave the formal ad- 
dress. Brother and Sister Dye spoke 
also. In the evening Dr. Dye gave a fare- 
well address at the First Church and Mrs. 
Kelley spoke at the Fremont Church. 

The results are far-reaching. All the 
churches have taken on new life. They 
are moving forward under a larger vis- 
ion. The Northwest will be permanently 
benefited by the visit of these powerful 
Cod-guided servants. Mission study 
classes will be organized this winter and 
all along the line definite steps for con- 
sistent progress will be taken. We, one 
and all, pray the richest blessings of our 
Father to be with Dr. and Mrs. Dye and 
Mrs. Kelley in the great work they are 
doing, and hope to do such a work for him 
in our turn as will help our brotherhood 
to larger and happier participation in this 
great work in the years to come. 

Joseph L. Garvin, 
Minister Seattle First Church. 





Two Cents per word, per insertion. 

Some Historical Works 

Historical Documents (edited by 

C.A.Young) $1.00 

Christian Union (J. H. Garrison). 1.00 

Dawn of the Reformation in Mis- 
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History of the Christian Church 

(Fisher) 3.50 

Sent post paid by 

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Because it has been adopted as a college text book. 


Because it gives a true view of Old and New Testament History. 


Because it is the only teacher-training book published which gives New 

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Because it received the unanimous approval of the International Com- 



Manilla binding, 224 pages. 

Single copy, 30c, prepaid. Five or more copies, not prepaid, 25c each. 


Limp cloth, 40c each. 




July 16, 1908. 

We invite ministers and others to send reports 
of meetings, additions and other news of the 
churches. -It is especially requested that additions 
be reported as "by confession and baptism," or "by 


Choctaw, July 8. — Beginning a meeting here. 
Twelve added last three days — ten of them be- 
ing baptisms. — D. T. Stanley, evangelist. 

Newport, July 9. — J. H. McCarty and daughter 
have just closed a successful meeting of two 
weeks, in which there were 22 added, and our 
membership much revived. Brother McCarty has 
done us good in many ways, and with his daugh- 
ter they make a fine team for evangelistic work. 
They hold a meeting at Harrison, Ark., follow- 
ing this, and their permanent address is 900 West 
Fifth street, Little Rock. J. W. B. Smith takes 
the work here for the time being, and we expect 
a rapid growth. We have Just completed an 
$8,000 church building, which is the finesl in this 
part of the state. — J. D. Cawell. 


Atlanta, July 9. — Seven more received into our 
fellowship last evening. Two had been affiliated 
with the Presbyterians for many years. "Sun- 
shine" Shaw's visit has been a great blessing. 
His address is 172 Rawson street, Atlanta. Our 
church is united and happy, and has undertaken 
the support of little Nellie Holland, at the Bald- 
win Orphanage. — Dean L. Bond, minister. 


Hoopeston, July 9. — Two additions by letter on 
Lord's day. — Louis R. Hotaling. 


Clearfield, July 8. — One adder! by letter last 
Lord's day. Our church has given $54.68 to 
missions this last quarter, making $186.35 for the 
year so far. — S. R. Reynolds. 


Plainville, July 8. — The work here progresses 
nicely. Since I last reported there have been 
two baptisms, making 27 since the beginning of 
the year. The Bible-school grows, and the train- 
ing class is doing good work. The people seem 
to be much interested. — Clifton E. Rash. 


Mt. Sterling, July 3. — We began a meeting 
with the Salt Lick Church on June 8, closing June 
24. Beginning on June 15 we conducted a Bible 
study each afternoon. There were 60 confes- 
sions and baptisms, 23 reclaimed, 20 united by 
letter, 4 coming from other religious bodies. The 
church seemed much interested, and very hope- 
ful for the future. A training class was organ- 
ized with 50 members. The official board re- 
organized and enlarged. N. C. Carpenter, a stu- 
dent of Mt. Sterling Collegiate Institute, is the 
minister of this church. He is a young man, 
faithful and true in life and work. — William H. 

Wellsville, July 6. — One added at the morning 
service yesterday. — H. E. Sala, Ore. 

Halfway, July 1. — Evangelist D. B. Titus has 
just closed a successful meeting here, in which 
there were 50 additions — 30 by baptism; 25 of 
them were men. The church is in good finan- 
cial circumstances; 23 tithers were secured, be- 
sides $60 per month in pledges. We rejoice over 
the victory. — Leon Myers. 

Gladstone, July 6. — A Church of Christ of 58 
members has just been organized here. We ex- 
pect to have 70 on the list very soon. Gladstone 
is to be a busy place for the next two weeks, 
by reason of the Chautauqua. For the first time, 
we shall be represented by headquarters of the 
Church of Christ. Some of our literature will 
be on display. — A. H. Mulkey. 


Claremore, July 3. — I held a short meeting at 
Carney the 1st of May, resulting in 13 additions, 
and the last of June I held a meeting in Broken 
Arrow, resulting in 14 additions. I give the first 
two Lord's days in each month to the chuich at 
Claremore, which is prospering. At regular serv- 
ices in June we had five confessions and three 
added by letter. — Oscar Ingold. 
Porto Rico. 

Bayamon, June 30. — Two more baptisms in 
Hato-Tejas and two in Comerio Falls last Lord's 
day. The zeal and earnestness of the little band 
up there in the hills is marvelous. The distance 
they will walk over the rough hill trails to attend 
services is certainly inspiring. Having lorsaken 
the superstitions of Romanism they are "looking 
unto Jesus the author and perfecter of our faith." 
Truly is the gospel the power of God unto salva- 
tion. — Dr. W. A. Alton. 


Piano, July 10. — Richard Martin is in a good 
meeting, with E- H. Holmes. He goes next to 
Van Alstyne to be with E. F. Bradford during 

Marlin, July 4.- — L. D. Parnell and I are in a 

good meeting in what is considered to be a hard 
place. We can not seat our crowds, and have 
been trying to secure a larger building. Parnell 
is an excellent chorus leader, having his work well 
in hand. We organized a church of 40 members 
at the old, historic town of Nacogdoches last 
month. — D. A. Leak. 

Fort Worth, July 3. — I just closed a delight- 
ful meeting of two weeks at the little village of 
Aledo, 18 miles from here. There were 48 addi- 
tions, of which 36 were baptized. It was a hard 
fought battle for the truth. There are some 
choice spirits who are breaking away from anti- 
ism. The congregation was about doubled by ihc 
meeting. I go to Brady next. — R. R. Hamlin. 

Lufkin, July 7. — One accession since last re- 
port. We had a fine children's day service with 
an offering larger than the apportionment. — F. 
Douglass Wharton and wife. 

Sylvester, July 7. — We have had a good meeting 
here. I preached nine sermons. The town poo- 
ulation is 400. There were four baptisms arid 
five added from other organizations. We secured 
a corner lot and organized a church of 21 mem- 
bers. We will be in position to build from the 
start. Much of the credit is due to Brother An- 
derson. I am to return in the fall. I go next 
to Blevens, Ark. — Percy G. Cross. 

Lampases, July 11.- — For eighteen days I had the 
pleasure of working with H. M. Bandy, of Cole- 
man. Twenty-three united with the church — 16 
by confession and baptism — six by letter and state- 
ment and one from the Baptists. The results 
were due largely to the work of Brother Bandy 
and his excellent Christian wife. — Ernest J. 

Eagle Lake, July 8. — Scwcer and Douthit as- 
sisted me in a short meeting at this place. The 
meeting overcame some bad conditions and was 
a success. There were 18 additions — eight by 
confession and baptism and 10 otherwise. We 
had strong preaching and good singing and the 
church will now, we believe, move steadily for- 
ward. My work is with the Second Christian 
Church, Houston, but I am watching over the 
flock at Eagle Lake for a few months until we 
can make some provision for them. — G. J. Mas- 


Salt Lake City, July 5. — Two confessions, one 
baptism, and seven other additions since last re- 
port. — Dr. Albert Buxton. 


Richmond, July 1. — The work at the Third 
Church moves onward evenly. We report two 
additions at regular services. The pastor, Gerald 
Culberson, closed a meeting with the 
Christian Church and there were four additions. 
He made many friends. 

Indiana State Convention. 

The Missionary Society of Churches of Christ 
in Indiana will hold its sixty-ninth annual con- 
vention at Bethany Park, Ind., beginning July 
20 and closing July 26. The general announce- 
ments of Bethany Assembly program of which 
our state convention is the second week, have 
been so widely made that we need only to em- 
phasize the state program. It will consist of 
state ministerial association, state missionary so- 
ciety, state Sunday-school association, state 
Christian Endeavor society and state educational 
association. The C. W. B. M. state convention, 
by special arrangement of that department of the 
work of the church, is placed later, on August 
11 and 12. The program has been arranged to 
cover as nearly as possible every phase of co- 
operative departments in our state work. The 
speakers are among our best talent and are drawn 
from every district of the state with some from 
other states. We have been greatly blessed of 
God in the growth of the work this year in spite 
of "financial depression." The receipts have 
been an increase over any year in our history 
and the regular evangelistic force has been 
doubled. We are placing special emphasis on 
unity in co-operative mission work with the 
watchword,, "A state loyalty and a state pride in 
state work." Every member of the Church of 
Christ in Indiana and his neighbor is invited. 
The churches are especially urged to aopoint and 
send delegates from each department of your 
congregation. We plead for loyalty in our united 
co-operative missionary work in Indiana. Come, 
and let us rejoice together and plan together in 
the best state convention in our history. 

J. O. Rose, 
Corresponding Secretary, 120 East Market street, 

Indianapolis, Ind. 


Allison, C. V. — Mound City, Mo., to Albia, la. 

Bartle, W. D. Sheridan to Corydon, Ind. 

Bell, J. E- — Fowler to Yosemite Valley, Cal. 

Brant, Tohn — 232 U. P. Sta., Des Moines, la., to 
Holly, Colo. 

Caldwell, H. W.— Bethany, W. Va.. to Silver 
Bay, N. Y. 

Carter, M. O. — 615 N. New Jersey street, In- 
dianapolis, Ind., to 1486 Penn avenue. Co- 
lumbus, O. 

Connelly, H. G. — New Haven to Avon, Conn. 

Corwine, Herbert J. — Columbia to Olean, Mo. 

Endres, W. D. — -5826 Ingleside avenue. Chicago, 
to 15415 Lexington avenue, Harvey, 111. 

Grimes, John M. — Des Moines, la., to Tarkio, 



Of Different Styles, Grades and Prices. 





A Beautiful Illustrated 

and Descriptive Catalogue 

Sent Free on Application. 



July 16, 1908. 




Topic July 22.— Luke 16:9-13; 12:15, 29-31. 

This parable of the "Unjust Steward," 
which led to the teaching concerning the 
mammon of unrighteousness, is an appli- 
cation of what is commonly called worldly 
wisdom to spiritual things. ' ' The children 
of this world are wiser than the children 
of light." And it is true, pathetically, 
provokingly so, sometimes. This unjust 
steward, is commended for making pro- 
visions for the future. The methods he 
used are not commended, as shown by the 
term "unjust" which is applied to him. 
What Jesus teaches is that from a worldly, 
purely business point of view, apart from 
the ethics of the thing, he was acting wise- 
ly in " feathering his own nest, ' ' thus pro- 
viding for the days when he should be out 
of a job, and with no means of support. 
It is not far-fetched to say that it is every 
man's business to provide something for 
the future. While it is true that the scrip- 
tures do not say anything about laying by 
something for a rainy day, there is good 
sense in so doing. It is to the credit of few 
folks in this world that they make no pro- 
vision for the rainy days. In all too many 
cases it is reckless extravagance or wicked 
wastefulness. Jesus does not offer any pre- 
miums for laziness or shif tlessness. ' ' My 
Father worketh hitherto and I work," is 
the way he answers the cavils of his ene- 
mies and protests of his friends. His ac- 
tivity was spiritual. And he would teach 
us that we are to be as active anu fore- 
handed in spiritual things as the wisest and 
most energetic and even unscrupulous 

The Bible offers no chromos to fools, 
financial or otherwise. It is an eminently 
sensible book. The ethics of Jesus, in spite 
of much neglect and foolish misapplication, 
are sensible and workable, if we were only 
wise enough to seriously try them. The 
"Golden Kule" of Jesus would solve most 
of the troubles, social and financial, of this 
work-a-day world, and wrong no men nor 
set of men. It is the only sensible sort of 
socialism I have ever, run across, it respects 
the rights of individuals and the rights of 
person and property. "Whatsoever ye 
would that men should do unto you, do ye 
even so to them" would wrong no man. It 
is spiritual common sense. 

"Make to yourselves friends of the mam- 
mon of unrighteousness, that when ye fail, 
they may receive you into everlasting habi- 
tations. " The point is well taken, in view 
I of several considerations. The man who 
would have friends must show himself 
friendly; in other words, he must make 
friends. One of the best resources in every 
man's business is his ability to make friends 
and keep them. And this is one of the rich- 
est of all spiritual assets. Paul was rich 
in his friendships, as his letters show. It 
was this faculty of making fast friends that 
helped largely to make him the chiefest of 
the apostles. His writings, wmch have so 
wonderfully enriched the church and the 
world, grew out of friendships for individ- 
uals and groups of individuals, Dound to- 
gether into congregations in widely sepa- 
rated places. What a host of heavenly 
friends Paul made while he went from place 
to place preaching the gospel, or wrought at 
tent-making, or languished in prison. Like 
John Bunyan in old Bedford jail, he made 
the world his debtor and the saints of all 
the ages his friends by writing of things of 
human and eternal interest. He made heav- 
enly friends of earthly. And this is the 

true wisdom. It is the heart of the Master 's 

We are bound to fail in this world, no 
matter how successful we may be from a 
worldly standpoint. The great captains of 
industry, the merchant princes, the leaders 
of political parties, the plumed knights of 
the tumultuous crowd — the Washingtons, 
Lincolns, Garfields, McKinleys, Koosevelts, 
Taf ts, Bryans — all fail. ' ' The tumult and 
the shouting dies." And they die. Their 
names are soon musty on the pages of even 
current history. We pause but a moment 
in our hurry when it is said, ' ' Grover 
Cleveland is dead," a man that was twice 
president of the United States. And now 
the strife of politics shifts to Denver, where 
che man that has been twice defeated in tne 
race for the presidential chair is making an- 
other stand for the privilege of being the 
standard-bearer of his party. We admire 
his character and like him because he is a 
fighter, as Roosevelt, and has the courage 
to stand for convictions, even in defeat. 
Yet Bryan is bound to fail though he win 
the nomination and the coveted honor of 
being the President of the United States. 
"When ye fail" — then what? That's the 
sober question that fronts every soul. How 
about the friends we have made? Where 
are they waiting to receive us? Heaven 
or hell will be where our friends are. It is 
not a place. It is a character, a condition, 
a companionship. The Kind of friends we 
have made in this world will determine our 
happiness in the world to come. Jesus says 
so. ' ' Make to yourselves friends of the 
mammon of unrighteousness, that when ye 
fail (and fail we must) they may receive 
you into everlasting ha-bitations. " Not 
money, but friends. 


M. The Value of Early Education. Prov. 22:1-6. 
T. The Value of the Teacher. Ex. 18:19-21. 

W. Personal Contact. Prov. 19:20,25,29. 

T. Faithful Teachers. Col. 3:23-25. 

F. The School of the Doctors. Luke 2:42-50. 

S. Schools of Prophets. 2 Kings 2:3-5. 

S. Topic. 

One of the best-known Home Mission 
schools among us is located at Morehead, 
Ky. It was founded about twenty years 
ago by a consecrated woman, Mrs. Phoebe 
Button. The school opened with one pupil. 
Mrs. Button persevered and was soon 
joined by her son F. C. Button, a gradu- 
ate of the College of the Bible, Lexing- 
ton, Ky. The school grew steadily under 
the care of these two consecrated people. 
Mrs. Button was called to her heavenly re- 
ward, and the care of the school devolved 
upon her worthy son. Under his care it 
has grown to be one of the largest schools 
in the mission field. Hundreds of hungry- 
hearted young people crowd the school 
every year and go to their life task to 
serve as Christian men and women. 

Another school equally well known and 
also under the care of the C. W. B. M. is 
located at Hazel Green, Ky. Both these 
schools are in the mountain counties of 
Kentucky, among a class of people who 
are of the purest American blood. The 
teaching of the Bible is a prominent factor 
in the work of these schools. 

A third school of the same grade will 
be opened this coming September in Beck- 
ley, W. Va. This school will be situated 
in the beautiful West Virginia hills and 
will reach a large population of young 
people who otherwise would have no op- 
portunity of Christian education. 

At Louisville, Ky., the O. W. B. M. sup- 

port a Bible college for the education of 
colored men who desire to preach the gos- 
pel. This school is under the care of the 
veteran educator, A. J. Thompson. 

Another celebrated school supported by 
the C. W. B. M. is described in the fol- 
lowing extract from the Christian Endeavor 
Quarterly. It is located in Edwards, Mis- 

' ' The plant includes thirteen hundred 
acres of land, with ample buildings for 
dormitories and school work. The valua- 
tion of that land, buildings and equipment 
is seventy-five thousand dollars. Industrial 
training forms a large part of the course 
of instruction. The boys are taught car- 
pentry, factory woodwork, printing, farm- 
ing, gardening and broom making, while 
the girls are 'instructed in sewing, laun- 
dering, cooking and general housework. 
Since the opening of the school more than 
fifteen hundred students have been in at- 
tendance. ' ' 

It is impossible to estimate the far reach 
of the Christian influence of such schools. 
From them go men and women with higher 
ideas of life to work strongly and true in 
their daily lot. From these quiet schools 
go teachers, men and women, to teach in 
communities which wait for them to bring 
light and truth. Preachers for home fields 
and workers for all fields are trained here 
also. It may be the good fortune of some 
Christian Endeavorers who read these 
words to have a part in the work of such 

Advanced Courses at Home 

leading to degrees. The Classics, Philosophy 
and Theology. Terms easy. Catalog free. 
Write Pres. Chas. J. Burton, Ph. B., Chris- 
tian College, Oskaloosa, Iowa. 


in this issue, and, if interested, 
in answering them 


The People's New 

With Notes 

t s By B. W. JOHNSON i s 

A complete commentary of the New Testament in 
two volumes, Contains the Common and Revised 
Versions, with references, explanatory, notes and 
colored maps. It makes clear every difficult pas- 
sage and enables the earnest student and the family 
circle to understand every portion of the New 

I., The Four Gospels and Acts of ApcstleSc 
Vol. II., The Epistles and Revelation, 
per vol., $2 00 | Sheep, per vol., $2 f S 

Half morocco, per vol., $3 00 
The volumes can be had separately. 

2*12 Pine St, St. Loois, M 



ftnar 16. 1908. 


July 26, 1908. 

Sam. 15:13-23. 

r ~ Memory verse, 22. 

Golden Text. — The Lord our God will we 
serve and his voice will we obey. — Josh. 

Saul became king of Israel at the age of 
thirty, in the full strength and pride of his 
youth. From the start he was headstrong. 
In more than one incident is shown his un- 
governable desire to have his own way. He 
was apparently temperamentally incapable 
of doing just what he was told to do by 
those whose authority he recognized. He 
realized that Samuel spoke to him with the 
voice of authority, and interpreted to him 
the will of Jehovah. He did not question 
the validity of the commands which came 
to him in that way; but he did not scrupu- 
lously obey them. In an emergency he was 
willing to put his own judgment against a 
command which he recognized as coming 
from God. 

For example, Saul was about to go out to 
fight the Philistines at one time, r'he peo- 
ple were gathered together to perform the 
sacrifice which they all considered as an in- 
dispensable preliminary to the battle. But 
Samuel did not come. As a military com- 
mander, Saul saw that the time was a crit- 
ical one and that further delay might be 
dangerous. So he performed the sacrifice 
himself, although it was contrary to the 
law for an unauthorized peison to offer a 
sacrifice. It is not a question as to whether 
a sacrifice offered to God by unpriestly 
hands can be acceptable. But the current 
belief of that time was that priestly ordi- 
nation was absolutely necessary to accept- 
able sacrifice. Saul himself shared in that 
view. In usurping the priestly office he was 
doing what his own religious belief con- 
demned. He was making the commandment 
of God, as he understood it, a secondary 
consideration, and subordinating it to his 
military judgment. We may think what we 
please about the rule that sacrifices should 
be offered only by those authorized to do so. 
As a matter of fact, the restriction has an 
historical justification. But, however that 
may be, Saul knew and accepted the rule, 
and yet in an emergency he would rather 
trust his own judgment than follow a com- 
mand which he really believed to be from 

It was after this incident that the first 
warning was given to Saul that the king- 
dom should not continue in his family. 
' ' Now thy kingdom shall not continue ' ' 

A still more decisive break between the 
self-will of Saul and the authority of Je- 
hovah as represented by Samuel occurred 
at the time of the conquest of the Amaie- 
kites. There came to Saul a command to 
destroy the Amalekites, men, women and 
children, to take no spoil of slaves or cat- 
tle, to show mercy to neither youth nor age, 
but to kill every living thing among them. 
All this was to be done because the ances- 
tors of the Amalekites had hindered the 
march of the children of Israel when they 
came up out of Egypt about five hundred 
years before this time. There has been a 
vast amount of quibbling and evasion to 
get around or away from the obvious cruel- 
ty and barbarism of such a slaughter which 
is in the record attributed to the command 
of Jehovah. Any theory which makes God 
directly responsible for such acts is an 
immoral and destructive theory. Jesus 
taught us some things about God which were 
not known in the days of Samuel. Ho 
taught us that he is a loving Father, whose 

interest and care are not limited to one 
little company of chosen people. No theory 
about the Scriptures can be half so danger- 
ous as a theory about God which makes him 
capable of commanding a slaughter of the 
innocents on no other ground than that their 
ancestors five centuries ago had opposed the 
passage of a wandering host through their 

But Saul accepted the command and the 
commission as coming straight from Jeho- 
vah. It was a bloody age, and to him there 
was nothing surprising in the suggestion 
that such a wholesale murder shou.a be car- 
ried out in the name of God. And, having 
accepted it, he sinned, just as he had done 
before, by opposing his own individual will 
to what he understood to be the divine plan. 
As a matter of fact, it happened that he 
erred in the direction in which a more en- 
lightened view of God would have carried 
him. But he did not err in that direction 
because he had a more enlightened view of 
God, but because he happened to get hold 
of an idea which he liked because it was 
his own. It occurred to him that it would 
be a fine thing to bring home the finest of 
the cattle of the Amalekites to use in a 
great sacrifice to Jehovah, and that it would 
add luster to his triumph to bring home a 
living captive king, instead of slaying him 
upon the battlefield. So he ignored what 
he believed to be the Command of God and 
carried out his own plan. 

' ' To obey is better than sacrifice. ' ' It 
is a great day in the religious life of any 
people when it comes to a realization of 
that fact. The favor of God is not to be 
bought by sacrifice. Perhaps the practice 
of sacrifice originates in the belief that God 
needs the things that are offered, and that 
his good-will can be purchased by gifts, re- 
gardless of the character of him who pre- 
sents them. But Israel, as represented by 
all of its better teachers, passed lar beyond 
that primitive notion. No outward per- 
formance can be a substitute for the right 
attitude of the soul to God. 

Some of the primitive peoples, who have 
not had the light of revelation, have gotten 
a glimpse of that important idea. The Zuni 
Indians have a legend which tells of a visit 
paid by one of their heroes to the island 
home of the Sun-Father in the great west- 
ern sea. The hero found the father sort- 
ing over great heaps of pearls and opals, 
and throwing many of them away. He no- 
ticed that some which were thrown away 
were among the largest and most beautiful 
gems, and some which were carefully kept 
were small and broken. When he asked the 
meaning of this, he was told that the gems 
were the prayers and sacrifices of the faith- 
ful. The beautiful and large ones were 
those which had been made in fine speech, 
and with rich gifts and all proper ceremo- 
nies, and the small and broken ones were 
those which had been made with rude and 
ignorant words and with a small offering or 
none at all. But the ones which were kept 
were those which had been offered with a 
pure heart and in humility and truth, and 
those which were thrown away were those 
which, however rich and beautiful they 
might be, had been given in pride or inso- 
lence, or in the hope of a selfish advantage. 

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People's Forum 


To tB Editor of The Christian-Evangelist: 

Allow me to express my profound appre- 
ciation of the masterly address of Earle 
Marion Todd on ' ' Evangelism for the 
Times, ' ' published in The Christian- 
Evangelist; also of Herbert Yeuell's an- 
swer ro the same in ' ' The Christian Stand- 
ard.^, They should have both appeared in 
the same journal, so that the readers who 
do not take both could have read both sides. 
These addresses are both strong, and while 
partisans will be satisfied with neither, they 
are both very wholesome if not full of com- 
fort. Being acquainted personally with the 
writers, and, of course, intimately with my 
brother, and knowing their histories and 
points of view adds to my interest in the 
subjects discussed and their treatment of 
them. I regret to observe the hysteria that 
has been stirred up, yet realize that this is 
inevitable. Some folks have ' ' gotten it in 
the neck," yet they need hardly "bat 
aro' I like chickens with their heads off, ' ' 
b 9 their heads are on. They have re- 

ceived a blow that will bring them to their 
senses, if they have any — that is all. The 
calm complacency of evangelists and pastors 
would be amusing were it not saddening, 
and these lightning flashes and thunder 
crashes are designed to disturb and dissi- 
pate the smug self-satisfaction and conceit 
that.^os a plague on both our houses, 
■r Cynicism ' ' as well as ' ' Higher 
v_ -m " needs to be well aired. The needs to be well curried. Some 
sandpapering will help the virtuous. Todd 
and Y**uell are well equipped for this work, 
and I for one say, "Lay on, Macduff," to 
both of them and am quite willing to take 
my share of the treatment without a whim- 
per. Being something of a pastor and an 
evangelist I need all that's coming my way. 
F Payne, Ala. ClarisYeuell. 

Cornelius and the Holy Spirit. 

To the Editor of The Christian-Evangelist : 

If I may be allowed the privilege, I am desirous 
of offering additional criticisms to Brother 
Wight's position concerning "Cornelius and the 
Holy Spirit." I am more than "'sorry that I am 
compelled to correct him in so many things." 

Brother Wight first protests "against calling 
the event at Caesarea a miracle." Why, I do 
not know, for against him are all the commenta- 
tors that I know anything about, and if speaking 
with to tgues, other than their own, is not a 
miracle, then Pentecost is not. 

He next says, "God operates miraculously upon 
things, and even on a dumb brute to rebuke a 
prophet, but never upon a human heart." Whether 
upon hearts Or upon tongues God did operate upon 
the house of Cornelius. And there is no ques- 
tion but what the coming of the Spirit at that 
juncture was the deciding issue that made Peter 
challenge any one to forbid the baptism of the 
recipients. For he says, "Who can forbid water 
that thrie should not be baptized who have re- 
ceived : Holy Spirit as well as we?" 

Dean- Plumptre says of this: — "The exceptional 
gift was bestowed in this instance to remove the 
scruples which 'those of the circumcision' might 
otherwise have felt as to admitting Gentiles, as 
such, to baptism." 

You say, brother Wight, "how easy it would 
have been for the Spirit to have spoken to Peter 
as he did in Acts 10:19, 20, 'to baptize these 
believers doubting nothing', and then after which 
the H " Spirit could have come upon them the 
same * their acceptance of God would have 

been a J obvious to the church and the prooer 
'order and sequence' would have been maintained." 
And yo_ are right, this is just what I maintain 
was done, but it was not done by the Spirit speak- 
ing directly to Peter, but through the Gentiles. 
And the reason is obvious. Those who accom- 
panied Peter, and the church at Jerusalem, would 
have been dependent upon Peter's statement of an 
inward revelation to himself on this important 


subject. It took a good deal of instruction by 
miracle and by word to get Peter to the point of 
going to these Gentiles to speak to them the things 
of the gospel, and remember that he says "unto 
me God showed that / should not call any man 
common or unclean," also, "that / perceive that 
God is no respecter of persons," but what about 
the others who had had no such revelations, and 
those before whom Peter would be called to give 
an account? Do they not need some evidence, 
too? The very reason that all had been an in- 
ward revelation, and so much of it was necessary, 
to Peter alone, is the very reason why now a 
different course should be pursued, and was. 

Another thing you forget, my brother, concern- 
ing "the proper order and sequence," and that is 
that the cases of this and Pentecost are the same. 
Peter never offered the remission of sins and the 
gift of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost until after 
the baptism of the Spirit. And there would be no 
change in order and no new precedent established 
to "leave a door ajar," for Peter's words — 
"whereby Cornelius and his house should be 
saved" — to put baptism for the remission of sins 
than where it properly belongs. He commanded 
baptism for the remission of sins at Pentecost, and 
he challenges any forbidding of baptism now, and 
upon the fact that "these had received the Holy 
Spirit as well as they." The baptism of the Holy 
Spirit had preceded in both cases, and the only 
reason in the world why he makes such a demand 
now is that he had been "charged to preach unto 
the people"^ the gosiel that "he that believeth 
and is baptized should be saved." 

Brother Wight, I have not found it necessary 
to resort to "looks of wisdom" or "to denials" 
to get out of "awkward positions" with my de- 
nominational friends, nor have I yet begun to in- 
terpret the Scriptures in order to leave any doors 
ajar that the good Lord has not already opened 
wide with the keys of authority, while it seems 
you contradict your own theorizing. You say 
that "Peter commanded them to be baptized in 
the name of Jesus so that God, who pardons, 
could forgive them according to his clearly re- 
vealed law of pardon," and yet you virtually agree 
with Brother Garrison in your "squinting" when 
he says, "neither our theory as to the 'proper or- 
der and sequence' of baptism and the gift of the 
Spirit, nor the facts in this case require us to be- 
lieve so incredible a proposition as that Cornelius 
and his household received the Holy Spirit * * * 
with their sins unforgiven and the condemnation of 
God resting upon them." Why then command 
them to be baptized for the remission of sins? 
Your position reverses the order of the Holy 
Spirit himself, and you say baptize them because 
their sins are remitted, or else you have no rea- 
son for baptizing them at all. You had said it 
was "significant that Peter did not say that they 
have received all that we did," and yet in this 
you say they did- — except the ordinance of bap- 
tism. And why, "of course are we to follow the 
order of baptizing believers for the remission of 
sins, that they may receive tlie gift of the Holy 
Spirit" when you say "a host of believers have 
shown in a marvelous way the presence of the 
Holy Spirit . . and so much of the fruit of the 
Spirit though in mistake and ignorance they have 
gone in through the door you say God left ajar? 
The cases then and now are not parallel, and 
you have the door wide open when there was not 
the least danger of any one being mistaken or of 
being left in ignorance. If you would follow 
a correct exegesis and would put this incident and 
that of Pentecost together and harmonize them 
instead of differentiating them you would not need 
to be corrected in so many things. You have 
the Spirit contradict Peter's first statement that 
upon repentance and baptism the Pentecostians 
should have the remission, when that statement 
was made by Peter "speaking as the Spirit gave 
him utterance." "Through his name" is the 
promise that they shall receive the remission of 
sins," and the belief on Jesus brings the believer 
into obedience when baptism is commanded "in 
the name of the Lord Jesus Christ," and the true 
relation of the Holy Spirit to this incident lies 
in the fact that they are to be "baptized into the 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Spirit." 

If the record that follows after the miracle of 
tongues is said to have come has any force what- 
ever it lies in the fact that Peter had not fin- 
ished telling all the words by which they were to 
be saved, and therefore he commands them to be 
baptized. The Holy Spirit had not interfered 
nor does Peter recognize, the right of man to in- 
terfere as he shows by asking "who can forbid 
water, that these should not be baptized?" 

Just a word in closing as to my "having Peter 
make the absurd statement, 'Repent and be bap- 
tized unto the remission of your sins and you 
shall receive the remission of your sins.' " I 


will attend to this matter if I may be allowed the 
privilege of submitting an article on this subject. 
But let the good will of the Editor and the re- 
quests of others settle this. I have not studied 
this subject for the last seven years to then in- 
cidentally use an expression that I could not sub- 
stantiate with scriptural reasons. And, my good 
brother, let me say that you have in repudiating 
this statement of mine utterly confounded two 
classes of references that have no relation what- 
ever to each other. R. H. Eampkin. . 

Notices of deaths, not more than four lines, in- 
serted free. Obituary memoirs, one cent per word. 
Send the mouey with the copy. 


On June 15 J. M. Atkinson, while sitting by his 
wife, was suddenly called home. With her name 
on his lips they were sealed. Born in Calloway 
county almost 79 years ago, lie was a pioneer, one 
of the honest, sturdy kind. His life was exem- 
plary. Being a Baptist for many years, removing 
to- Mexico, under the writer's pastorate he became 
a Christian only, and was nappy in his church 
relationships He was our friend, and his life 
and mind so pure that he was a friend of God 
and, like unto Enoch of old, God took him. He 
leaves the wife, three son3, one brother and two 
sisters. Would that all lived such lives, that, like 
him, they would be prepared for any summons 
from above. Walter M. White, present pastor 
at Mexico, conducted the funeral services. 

Scdalia, Mo. A. W. KokendofFer. 


Mrs. Eliza Tane Rice was born in Tennessee. 
February 29, 1824; died April IS, 1908. She was 
married to William Rice in 1847, and came to 
Saratoga, Cal., in 1847, where she had since 
lived. One son, W. A. Rice, of Saratoga, survives 
her. Frank E. Boren. 

Saratoga, Cal. 


In the passing away of Eli Rogers Wednesday 
morning, July 1, the Central Church in Syracuse. 
N. Y., lost one of her most loyal members and 
a faithful disciple. He had been a member of the 
Central some 30 years — coming from the church 
in his boyhood home in Brewerton, N. Y. Brother 
Rogers was early elected a deacon in the Central 
congregation and for the last years of his life 
was the senior officer. Born November 7, 1844, 
in Lee Center, N. Y., he had worked nearly 64 
years when he was called away from his earthly 
life. His boyhood was placed in humble sur- 
roundings and his life has been one of toil and 
hardship but of victory. He was married at an 
early age to Miss Immogene Phillips, of Brewer- 
ton. Many of our prominent men of the bioth- 
erhood 'have been entertained in their inviting 
home. Brothers Rogers was true to his convic- 
tions. He was a generous man, but his benevo- 
lences to the poor were known only to the few. 
In business he was connected with one of the 
largest industries in Syracuse and was the owner 
and superintendent of its transportation facili- 
ties. Besides Mrs. Rogers, a son, H. L-, of 
Detroit, Mich., and a daughter, Miss Lena, sur- 
vive. He was laid to rest in beautiful Woodlawn 
Cemetery. C. G. V. W. 

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Christian Publishing Company, 

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Up-To-Date Supplies 




No matter what you want, write to us about it. 




July 16, 1903. 

The Tender Thought. 

Harry is 6 years old. ' ' Pa, ' ' lie asked 
one day, "if I get married will I have a 
wife like ma ? ' ' 

"Very likely," replied his father. 

"And if 1 don't get married, will I have 
to be an old bachelor like Uncle Tom?" 

"Very likely." 

' ' Well, pa, ' ' he said, after a moment of 
deep thought, ' ' it 's a mighty tough world 
for us men, ain't it?" 

@ ® 
Good Rules. 

Say nothing you would not like God to 

Do nothing you would not like (rod to see. 

Write nothing you would not like God to 

Go to no place where you would not like 
God to find you. 

Read no book of which you would not like 
God to say, ' ' Show it to me. ' ' 

Never spend your time in such a way that 
you would not like God to say, ' ' What art 
thou doing?" — Morning Light. 

@ # 
Home, Sweet Home. 

The wife of a naval officer attached to 
the Academy at Annapolis has in her em- 
ploy an Irish servant, who recently gave 
evidence of nostalgia. 

' ' Fqu ought to be contented and not 
pine for your old home, Bridget, ' ' said the 
lady of the house. "You are earning good 
wages, your work is light, every one is 
kind to you, and you have lots of friends 
here. ' ' 

"Yis, mum," sadly replied Budget, 
"but it's not the place where I be; it is 
the place where I don't be." — Lippincott's. 

Who Did? 

One of our subscribers writes us that Wil- 
liam Balfour Ker's picture, "The First 
Spank, ' ' reminds him of the following story : 
A little fellow who had just felt the hard 
side of the slipper, when the tears had dried 
somewhat, turned to his mother. "Mother," 
he askeer* ' ' did grandpa spank father when 
he was a little boy?" 

"Yes," answered his mother impressively. 

"And did his father whip him when he 
was little?" 

' ' Yes. ' ' 

"And did his father spank him?" 

' ' Yes. ' ' 

A pause. 

"Well, who started this thing, anyway?" 
— Everybody's Magazine. 

® @ 
Sentence Sermons. 
1 The heart of all reforms is the reform of 
the heart. 

What you are when no one is looting, is 
what you are. 

If you would lead, you must be willing 
to be lonesome at times. 

The value of your religion depends upon 
how much of yourself is invested in it. 

The heart is best nourished when we are 
ministering to the needs of our neighbors. 

If you find gladness, you must play life's 
great game with eagerness and fairness. 

Silence will end almost any quarrel. 

A man's age depends upon the ideals he 
rstill cherishes. 

Living- for others is an imperative of the 
higher life. 

Your foes will not fear you as long as 
you fret over them. 

He who follows duty ever may find danger 
-often, but defeat never. — Chicago Tribune. 


[The following beautiful poem is clipped from 
the "Maryland Musings" in the "Sun" of Balti- 
more, and sent to us by B. A. Abbott. The writer 
is Mr. Folger McKinsey, the "Bentztown Bard." 
It is true poetry and is about a noble American 
and one of our greatest writers — Joel Chandler 
Harris — who has just passed from us.] 

Bre'er Rabbit's face is grave and sad to- 
day — 
A great, good friend of his has passed 

And Farmer Snapbean in the shadow feels 
A voiceless grief that o'er his spirit steals; 
The blooms are bowed along the Southern 

And old familiar bird-friends try in vain 
To flute their happy beings loud and long 
In sheer delight of living— something's 

Bre'er B'ar is grumpy, and on Bre'er 
Wolf's face 

A solemn darkness dwells in laughter's 

Tar Baby falters at the crape-hung door 

Whence his old friend will issue never- 

Except when Sorrow bears him forth to 

Beneath the lilies of the Southern sky, 

Greenly companioned with the vine that 

On shores of sleep and valleys of the rose. 

Out of the heart of childhood echoing 

A voice of wailing — in child eyes a tear; 
Through all the world of children, little 

Quivering that death hath bound in death's 

Those eyes that looked on childhood with 

such gleam 
Of joy in lives so sweet with dance and 

dream ; 
A, clear, far-seeing heart, that held its 

And lived in love, and loved with child- 
like truth! 

A sane philosopher, who looked on life 
With equal patience for its joy and strife; 
Preaching the gentle doctrine — with fine 

art — 
Of human feeling and the neighbor-heart; 
Brother to little creatures, insect, bird, 
Gifted with fairy vision, fragrant word — 
O, large, sweet soul, the heart of time is 

That thou shalt come no more to make it 


Human as old humanity, and born 
To simple sweetness of the fields, the morn, 
The bloomy, jasmine places, and the vales 
Where legend lives in recreated tales 
Of white folk, black folk — with a touch 

that knew 
The sweetness of odd fancy, ringing true 
To nature and to knowledge, and the best 
That beats through life in every human 

breast ! 

All hearts are heavy for him, and for 

Of that lost art in which he deftly 

The foibles and the weakness and the wine 
Of all love brings to life of time and fine: 
Gather, Bre'er Rabbit, while with arm in 

We go in loneliness to Snapbean Farm, 
To lay our roses — kissed with teardrops 

sweet — 
Among the tributes at his head and feet! 

Business Economy in Smoke Prevention. 

Assuming that in the case of the grate 
fire the smoke did not cease to appear until 
the volatile matter had entirely escaped, the 
prevention of smoke becomes at once a mat- 
ter of tremendous importance to a concern 
which burns an enormous amount of coal 
per day. If these big coal consumers pur- 
chased a low-grade coal which was high in 
volatile matter, and used hre-hold methods 
which would permit all of this volatile mat- 
ter to go off in the form of smoke, it is very 
easy to see that they could lose anywhere 
from 25 to 60 per cent of their coal through 
the smokestack without getting a particle of 
benefit from it. This, of course, does not 
take into consideration the irreparable dam- 
age that is clone to the household furniture, 
to valuable tapestries and libraries, and to 
the public health by these poisonous gases 
being discharged into the air which is ad- 
mitted into the homes and into the human 
lungs. It was not consideration for the pub- 
lic health or consideration for other people's 
property which caused the manufacturing 
concerns to begin the study of the complete 
combustion of coal. The best ideas "which 
have been introduced and which have been 
made practicable were given their first com- 
plete test, as far as Chicago is concerned, in 
the plant of the Commonwealth Edison 
Company, at tiie Harrison street station in 
Chicago. The design of the firebox and the 
location of the boilers were arrivea at after 
a prolonged series of experiments based upon 
this simple principle series of experiments 
based upon this simple principle: It takes 
a certain amount of space between the bed 
of the fire and the boiler for this volatile 
matter or gas to be completely consumed. — 
From "A Practical Campaign for Smoke 
Prevention," by George H. dishing, in the 
American Review of Reviews for July. 

@ @ 

Editor "Perfect Ladies' Companion'*: 
Dear Sir — Would you be good enough to 
print the enclosed poem in your esteemed 
publication at your usual rates? Respect- 
fully, A. J . Poet. A. J. Poet, Esq. Dear Sir 
— I would be, but the poem isn't. Respect- 
fully, The Editor. — Judge. 

® @ 

From a Woman's Window. 

"Why has that woman had so much trou- 
ble iu her life?" Well, I think I can give 
you one explanation of it. I have known 
her from girlhood, and in oue thing her con- 
duct was marked — she ignored conventionali- 
ties; I might put it stronger; she was quite 
given to defying them. 

"But didn't "that show her independence 
of character or a resolute will?" You may 
think so; no doubt she thought so, but 
you see how it has worked out. She has 
had more troubles than she was entitled to. 
either by birth or bringing up. She turns 
the corner on oue and at the next corner 
meets another. 

"Then a woman's safety consists in 
sticking to the conventionalities?" I did 
uot quite say that, but two straight rails 
are good for a railroad traiu, and a high- 
way is good for a traveler, and bridges for 
people who must cross streams. Pioneers 
who have to travel over roadless prairies or 
through pathless woods usually have a hard 
time of it. And so with the people who are 
always pioneering in social life or home 
life, or in their own private life. They are 
in danger of taking the wrong direction and 
of getting into a tauglewood or a swamp, or 
up against a high hill. Plain paths are 

July 16, 1908. 





On the Long Trail. 

Uncle David lived on Wash Branch, 
which flows into Dry Fork, which flows into 
Skillet Fork, which flows into Little Wa- 
bash, which flows into Big Wabash, cele- 
brated in story and song. It was a shock 
to me when I learned in school how many 
miles the waters of our little branch must 
flow to reach the smallest streams named 
on the maps. I know now, and smile as I 
think of it, tuat, in condition and prospect, 
we were fully as far from the real world 
we were one day to join as were the head- 
waters of Wash Branch from the "Banks 
of the Wabash far away." Farther, in 
fact, for we lived on White Oak, a tiny 
tributary of Wash Branch ; and, in addi- 
tion to the handicap common to our neigh- 
bors of living next to no place, we had the 
further disadvantage and, to us, unpleasant 
distinction of having next to nothing to 
live with. 

• The two ponies, one of which never could 
be harnessed until he had been worked a 
day or two, a worn-out wagon, with what 
few household goods we had been able to 
bring from Missouri, constituted our entire 
possession when we began to live anew. We 
did manage to get a cow some way; I think 
Uncle David must have been back of that; 
maybe we made part payment in cash, for .1 
have heard my mother say that out of the 
$7 given her by the kinelly group of men 
at Springfield, she had $5 when she drew 
up at Uncle David's gate. Now think of 
that, will yon! Talk about making money 
go a long way ! Here is the record so far 
as I have heard: Four hundred miles for 
the four of us, with an invalid half the way, 
a death in the family with funeral and in- 
cidental expenses, and all on $7 capital, 
leaving a surplus on hand of $5. This is 
the bare fact, and while it may give evi- 
dence of a woman's ability to manage, it 
certainly is also a most eloquent testimo- 
nial to the benevolence and hospitality of 
the Missouri people among whom our lot 
was cast. 

Some few rude farming implements — a 
harrow, a double-shovel plow and an old 
"nigger" hoe with a handle that wouldn't 
stay in — were given us by neighbors who 
had better ones. Garden vegetables and a 
patch of corn were put in, and, almost be- 
fore we knew it, we were started en the 
long trail. The long trail — who, of all 
those who travel its length, can tell how 
long it is? Its windings were so devious 
we could not guess its length, or if it had 
another end, or where it led. Its slopes 
were so frequent and so varied we could not 
know whether the general course was up or 
down. But traveling this route is a stren- 
uous job, and we spent no time in specula- 
tion but went on down the road. Looked 
at from this end, or where we turned off 
into more inviting paths, it seems long 
enough and to spare, but its incline is up- 
ward by a gradual slant. Hear this, ye 
tired travelers who follow, and be of good 

I eould not tell all the windings of the 
covered way in which we walked if 1 would, 
and heaven knows I would not if I could. 
One thing distresses me no little as I look 
over these sketches. It is the frequent use 
of the first personal pronoun I. How I 
wish it could have been eliminated entirely. 
Had its use been calculated to call attention 
to, or claim credit for, the writer, I should 
have omitted it or kept silent. Perhaps it 
will be possible for me presently to stand 
}<+ a distance and take a more general view 

of the little panorama, and, through it, of 
the life of which it is a small representa- 
tive part. 

About this time I enjoyed a long and un- 
expected visit at Uncle David's. They called 
for me early one morning and bundled me 
off breakfastless and befuddled to spend 
the entire day clambering about the hay- 
mows and hunting bird's nests in the 
orchard. Such unceremonious hospitality 
struck me as rather unusual; but, since it 
seemed to be meant kindly, I submitted in 
silence. Late that evening the elder 
brother came for me, and we rode home to- 
gether on the back of old Charley. As we 
jogged along he told me in curious, hesitat- 
ing words that two aunts we had never seen 
had come that day to make us a visit. When 
I had time to reflect on this, he added that 
each of them had brought^ a boy baby with 
her. I was a full weeK pondering the situa- 
tion, and it was only when the aunts were 
preparing to take leave that I learned the 
babies had come to stay, and swallowed the 
lump that had been rising in my throat. 
And so the babies were soon toddling with 
us on the long trail. If their short legs re- 
tarded our progress somewhat, and made 
the way seem longer, their blithe and guile- 
less presence brought brightness to us all, 
and in due time they were able to have 
their part in the heat and burden of the 
dragging clays. 

Through the misty film that time has 
stretched on this side of the retreating past, 
forms and faces come to view and the 
tragedies and farces of that simple life are 
re-enacted before me by individuals whose 
looks and acts so stir me at times that I 
want to rise and shout their names, and ask 
to be given my part and place with them. 
And then it comes to me, as when reality 
displaces a fading dream, that neither they 
nor I are back there, nor ever can be again. 
We are out on the stern marches of life, 
each following his own course, and that, too, 
on routes separated by ever widening 
angles. When the stretches of earthly path- 
ways have been traversed perhaps we shall 
become as children again, and go back, in 
memory, to romp over the grassy slopes of 
youth ; and then, as shadows softly steal 
about us, we shall gather, all of us, I trust, 
and be at home once more. 

Who can work out the puzzle of lives that 
have been broken and embittered by mis- 
fortune not of their own making? Not I, 
certainly, and why should I try? It is the 
old problem of the purpose of trouble, over 
which the wisest and most patient of every 
generation have vexed themselves in vain. 
The world, as it presents itself to each 
generation, is like a tangle of wild wood- 
land. Tree, shrub, plant, flower, animal and 
insect sing their little songs in harmony or 
discord; they cling to each other to help or 
hurt; they woo and wed and fight out their 
little battles; they enwrap themselves to- 
gether in death grapple and embrace of 
love; there is no minute but celebrates the 
birth of new life, the struggle for existence 
and the beating out of some spent heart. 
Yet each one fills his place and lives out 
the law of his little life as though by the 
fixedness of fate. To our poor vision much 
of it seems amiss; but what do we know of 
the past investments or the future plans of 
the Silent One who is over all? Down 
among the chaos and clashings we become 
critical and discontented, when, if we could 
see the whole process as it has gone on for 
ages, and must, perhaps, for ages yet to 
come, we would be compelled to say of all 
creation that it is very good. The pain and 
loss we suffer in our litiie world is great 

enough for us, but how small indeed when 
compared with the plans of the Infinite, who 
out of it all is bringing salvation to our 
kind and glory to himself. 

Is it a problem that in a world where 
God is supreme a woman, practically blind, 
should be left penniless and defenseless 
with her group of dependent children? 
Well, yes; a problem and a hard one, no 
doubt, is measured by human rules for cal- 
culating such things. Add to this that, in 
the after struggles, she should often go 
miles on foot to elo rigorous service in a 
farmhouse, returning at night with a pillow- 
slip full of meal or a piece of bacon, the 
scant reward of her t6il and the scant food 
for her household; that her children, the 
equals of any other, should be frowned upon 
by those, poor enough themselves, because 
they were poorer still and their clothes un- 
comely; that hungry young minds should be 




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July 16, 1908. 

denied books and papers and such advan- 
tages for improvement as are now granted 
freely to the criminal and degraded; and 
that, worst of all, their lot should be laid 
where no church influence is and where 
schools are poor; that all this and more 
should have to be endured for years with 
no hint of hope that a better day would 
ever dawn — I say, put this together and 
you have a problem indeed. 

Yet, if the product is good who shall say 
of the process that it is bad? There are 
six years I would often have torn out of 
the book of memory if I could — the six 
years on Wash Branch. Were I to be 
guided by my own inclinations i would 
tear these leaves to fragments, trample 
them under my feet and curse them with 
bitter vindictiveness. But I would be 
wrong in this, for there sits yonder a 
woman, who has exercised a faith, and ac- 
complished a work little short of wonder- 
ful to me, and who, after the tempests of 
a long day are spent, smiles and waits 
through the twilight afterglow till it shall 
be time to rest. I do not know how else 
her life could have counted for a tithe as 
much as it has, nor by what other process 
the richness of her later years could have 
been attained. Hard as the way has been, 
1 would rather our feet should press again 
into every separate footprint of the long 
trail than that we should have walked in 
some more favorea ways I know and taken 
the risk of uselessness and oblivion that are 
always incurred by lives of ease. 

I can think, too, of a man I know — the 
blue-eyed boy who drove us over the Ozark 
hills. Then, and on the longer trail, he 
played the part of an elder brother with 
faithfulness and devotion. Whoever has 
gone from Kansas City to Denver over one 
of the great railroads that cross the state 
of Kansas has owed something of the safe- 
ty and comfort of travel to him. He is 
held in honor by those who know him well, 
and ei trust committed to him has ever 
suffered at his hands. When I think how 
this can not be said of a hundred others 
who had every opportunity denied him, 1 
wonder if he would not be worth less to 
the world had he borne less responsibility 
when a boy. 

And when another woman, after ten 
blissful years of wedded life, was left a 
widow with the tangled threads of an 
estate in disorder about her, could she have 
taken up the double task that fell to her 
and brought her own little ones, well 
equipped, to the activities of a needy world 
had she not seen her mother succeed with 
a similar burden a hundred fold heavier';' 
These queries have besieged me till 1 
have had to conclude that God gives us what 
is best or else helps us to make the best of 
what he gives us, if we will. 

Ah, well, we have reached the end of 
the long trail now. It led us to the land 
of Maturity. The gates of that new coun- 
try swung back with surprising readiness 
when we knocked. We have been inside 
these years — long enough to make some 
acquaintances among the inhabitants and 
form a few friendships. 1 know not how 
it may be with others, and there are a 
host of them, who came up the same way, 
but for myself, I have not forgotten the 
long trail. Sometimes in an hour of lei- 
sure I gather about me a little group L 
know and tell them of the fun and frolic 
we used to have, and of certain boyish 
triumphs and successes 1 like to recall, 
telling them as much for my own profit as 
for the amusement of my listeners; occa- 
sionally I have mentioned a thorn or stone 
1 happened to discover with my bare foot, 
but when little brows begin to cloud 1 
draw the curtaiu on the scene, for I know 
they could not understand. 

No part of the route over which an or- 
phaned boy has to climb from a bitter 
and barren past to a place of usefulness 

in the world is unfamiliar to me. I can 
shut my eyes ana conjure up the scene at 
each turn of the road. I know the loca- 
tion of every snag that can stub a toe and 
every rock that can start a stonebruise. L 
know every deep hole in the creek where 
crawdads and mussels can be dug out of 
the mud at the bottom on Sunday, when 
a boy's clothes are not fit to wear to Sun- 
day-school. When I see a boy crying at a 
curbstone in a city street, or hear the sob 
of a child at night time, I could stop 
short and mingle my tears with theirs, for 
the fountain of childish grief is opened up 
anew. Tor this I am devoutly thankful; if 
the bleak blasts that beat upon us serve 
no other purpose than to drive us within 
sympathetic reach of others in like state 
they have made us rich indeed. 

Nevertheless I have some regrets. Early 
experience has disappointments which no 
philosophy of later life can quite console. 
There are two men i solemnly decided to 
whip when I should be grown up. One of 
them was a farmer who beat me out of a 
dollar, twice-earned, cutting two acres of 
sprouts with the old "nigger" hoe, and 
the other was an older and better-clothed 
boy, who used to sneer at me in the dis- 
trict school. They needed it badly, both of 
them ; I knew it then and I know it now ; 
nothing else would meet the necessities of 
the case; but the treatment had to be 
postponed too long. The man was killed 
by accident some years ago, and the boy, 
son of a rich man that he was, is a drunk- 
ard now and poorer than I — may he be 
pitied — while 1 am a preacher and would 
not dare square accounts with them were 
all things favorable. Thus, with merci- 

less irony, has the ruthless hand of time 
dealt with the treasured ambitions of my 
far-away youth. 

The Long Trail — where is it, do you ask .' 
Why, it runs close to where I live, and 
maybe you might discover it near you too, 
if you cared to cast about a little. Ami 
it is always thronged with travelers. The 
story I have told is one of many, and, for 
aught I know, tame and tedious compared 
with others that might be related. Many 
a flower-strewn path, along which the eager 
feet of pleasure-seekers run, winds round 
a bit and falls suddenly into the Long 
Trail; many a highway with finger-boards 
that point to riches and honor intersects 
the Long Trail at last, leaving its ambi- 
tious wayfarers no choice but to go that 
way ; many a first trail across the track- 
less plain or woodman's tree- blazed path- 
way through the forest finds no issue of its 
own and turns from sheer helplessness, as 
did ours, into the Long Trail. 

I go out this way sometimes and scan 
the faces of those who pass. When I can, 
I like to have a word with the weary ones, 
for, though it may be conceit of mine, 1 
think the wise ones take it well from one 
who bears in his body the marks of a sim- 
ilar strife. What a privilege to look into 
the eyes of a wan-faced woman, as she 
leans over the tub of steaming suds, and 
give the grasp and look of one who under- 
stands; of all the grips and passes I know 
there is none I like so well to use. What 
"a stimulating service to drop a word of 
cheer to struggling lads and lasses, who 
battle with adverse environment, and bid 
them fight on, with the assurance of victo- 
ry at last; better than finding a home or 





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-July 16, 1908. 



■giving a home to the earth's orphans is it 
to help them make homes of their own. 

Occasionally as 1 wait by the trail I get 
sight of a trudging youngster different 
from the rest. Often I stop such an one 
for a good look into his eyes. I have a 
feeling that long ago I lost one like him, 
and I can't get rid of the thought that 
he may happen along some day, and if he 
does, 1 must speak him a word of cheer. 
But lie does not come, though I keep 
watching for him. I have met many lads 

who looked like him, and some who had 
his ways, but he someway never comes; 
perhaps I should not know him if he did, 
and perhaps he has come this way once and 
will come no more. I do not mind the 
nickels I have spent and the well-meant 
quest for him — 1 am well content they 
should go for what good they can accom- 
plish, just in memory of him, you know — - 
perhaps, after all, that is as much as 1 
shall ever be able to do for him now. 
(To Be Concluded.) 

The Exodus of Fox Hollow "Still." 

By Thomas A. Smoot. 

In the early fifties, when the first tem- 
perance agitation began to sweep our state, 
one after another of the distilleries of Rock 
County were pushed out by public senti- 
ment, until none remained save that of 
Big Bill Surles, in Fox Hollow. Time was 
when every well-to-do farmer in the sec- 
tion had his own distillery. Even, my 
grandfather, upright man that he was, had 
his distilling plant, the foundations of 
which I used to see by the cool, little run 
below the Big Tom spring. When father 
•came along as successor to the Singleton 
estate, he had already felt the influence 
of the temperance movement enough 'to 
lock up the old ' ' still ' ' with a positive click 
that meant it should not be operated again. 
After that he set his face against the busi- 
ness, and was a positive factor in getting 
his neighbors to follow his example; though 
what he did was purely by moral suasion 
:and not in the way of force. 

But Big Bill Surles did not yield to the 
^atmospheric pressure adverse to the mak- 
ing of ardent spirits, and continued to 
ply his trade so industriously that Fox 
Hollow, a rugged ravine three miles from 
my home, became the rendezvous for all 
the bibulous devotees for a great scope 
of country roundabout. 

Big Bill was a man of tremendous size 
and of bulldozing qualities, and most peo- 
ple stood in awe of his physical prowess. 
It was known that he had beaten and 
maimed several persons against whom his 
wrath had been stirred; and rumor con- 
nected him with a mysterious tragedy of 
■darker hue that had occurred a good 
many years before the time of which I 

Knowing the giant-like bully to be such 
a dangerous man, father had but little to 
do with him; and but for chance of cir- 
-cumstances this denizen of Fox Hollow 
would probably have lived to his dying 
day in his neighboring stronghold, so far 
as the Singleton family was concerned; but 
these circumstances are what compose my 
story, the very first link in which is the 
-fact that for some weeks preceding the 
events hereafter recorded, a leakage from 
our corn-cribs became so persistent that 
the disappearance of the grain was easily 
perceptible, and caused comment in the 
household. Father didn't say much; but 
it was discussed in a cautious manner by 
nim and mother, none of the younger chil- 
dren being allowed to know of it. Only 
my brother Frank and I were granted the 
privilege of hearing their serious con- 
versation upon the subject. 

Finally, father fell upon a plan of trap- 
ping the thief. The trap was to mark the 
-corn in some way so it could be iden- 
tified in case of its being found. The 
marking was to be done by selecting the 
red ears, breaking them, and welding them 
together again by the use of sticks about 
four inches long, sharpened at both ends, 
and thrust firmly into the pith at each of 
-the freshly-broken ends of the cob. Then 
if the stolen corn were discovered on the 
•cob it could be claimed; if the red cob 

were found, the tell-tale stick within 
would convict the thief. 

Frank and I went through the cribs 
with father and picked out the red ears 
lying upon the surface of the heaps, these 
numbering in ratio about one to twenty 
of the white variety. We were very sol- 
emn as we did it and very quiet and steal- 
thy; the latter because we did not want 
any of the hands to know of our trap and 
the former because we thought it would 
be an awful thing if trusted servants were 
proved to be the thieves. 

"JSTow, boys," said father seriously, 
when he had finished our disagreeable 
task, "Mum's the word. Don't cheep, 
don 't even hint to anybody. Keep your 
eyes and ears open, and don't either of 
you make a move without first consulting 

The following night a large haul was 
made upon one of the cribs, and father 
went to make an inspection of all of the 

tenement-houses on the plantation. Upon 
various pretexts he visited every shanty; 
but no clue was found. 

During the evening after his search I hap- 
pened to overhear him talking to mother 
in a low tone. I caught only a part of a 
sentence, but that much electrified me with 

The fragment was : "I have a suspicion. 
. . . Big Bill. . . . Fox Hollow." 

I saw mother shake her head with fear 
written upon her face — a kind of fear one 
doesn't easily forget. I carried the look 
with me to bed. I slept but little during 
the night, and no doubt it was the nervous 
pitch to which I worked myself up that 
made me spring out of bed the next morn- 
ing before day and hurry off to Fox Hoi- 
low. A sort of fierce, compelling sense of 
an impending crisis seemed to urge me 
on, and I did not stop to reason or argue 
with myself until I had quite reached the 
somber ravine, more gloomy and threaten- 
ing than ever by reason of the morning 
twilight that hung over it. I had never 
been to the ' ' still, ' ' but I knew about 
where it was located, and soon, nervous and 
excited, I came to the low-pitched log struc- 
ture spread out on the little branch bank. 

It was just light enough for me to see, 
and in the hasty giance that I cast about 
the premises, I descried a huge pile of 
corn-cobs, to which I hastened. I found 
upon examination that the cobs were fresh, 
and among them I discovered, here and 
there, a red one. I picked up one of them, 
eagerly pulled its ends, and lo! they sep- 
arated, showing the incriminating stick 
within. My heart thumped like a steam 
engine as I began to gather several more 
of the red specimens and to stuff them into 
my pockets. Just then I heard a gruff 






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From articles by Hiram students in Hiram College Advance. 

"I came to Hiram as the result of a deliberate choice. As I learned more of 
the school, I came to feel that Hiram was truly an ideal among small colleges. Its 
size, its standing among large schools, the spirit of its students and the peculiar de- 
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The "Home-Coming" issue of the Advance, containing this and other articles 
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articles by Judge F. A. Henry, and Professors E. B. Wakefield, B. S. Dean and 
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July 16, 1908. 

voice call: "Hi there, villyan, what you 
doin' on my premises?" 

1 dropped the handful of cobs I held and 
turned in terror to face Big Bill standing 
near me. If I said anything, memory fails 
to recall it; but 1 have a recollection of a 
sense of despair that expressed itself in a 
wild scream. I wanted to run; Big Bill 
saw that I did. 

"Stand still, or I'll blow a hole through 
you," he snarled. "You're one of that 
rascal Singleton's boys, eh? Sneakin' 
'round like a hound dog seein' what you 
can see, air you? What you got in them 
pockets?" All the time that he spoke he 
was with maudlin look and fumbling fingers 
trying to cock an old horse-pistol, which he 
now held leveled at me. 

"Just some corn-cobs," I stammered. 
' ' Hand 'em here, you low-down thief, ' ' 
he thundered, drawing nearer and poking 
the pistol close to my face. I am sure the 
did not suspect the snare in the cobs; but 
knowing they represented stolen goods, he 
was bent on finding the nature of their 
testimony against him. 

My wits came to me and worked fast. 
It was evident that he was partly intoxi- 
cated, and 1 knew that I could outrun him 
if it came to a foot race. The pistol was 
what bothered me. I must be rid of that, 
or there was no hope of escape. 

I drew the cobs out of my pocket as if 
to hand him; but quick as a flash, using 
the handful for a club, I struck the old 
pistol such a hard lick that it was knocked 
out of the ruffian's grasp clear into the 
little brook near by. Then, turning, I fled 
with all of the power left me. 

I gave just one backward glance, during 
which I saw Big Bill start after me with 
the cry of a madman, only to fall sprawling 
over the branch bank with yells and bitter 
oaths. In a few moments I was out of 
sight, and scarcely stopped until I rushed 
exhausted into the dining room at home, 
where the family were at breakfast. I still 
clutched two red cobs in my hand, and 
these I held aloft, sobbing hysterically: 

"I found them, father! . . .Big Bill! . . . 
Fox Hollow ! ' ' 

I was feverish and ill all that day, and 
was kept in my room. Mother tried to be 
cheerful, but that same distressing look 
of fear was underneath the surface of her 
smiles. She tried to keep me from talking 
of Big Bill, and evaded my questions as 
well as her frank soul would permit; but 
bit by bit I twisted out of her that the 
township constable had gone to the county- 
seat to get the sheriff and some deputies 
to help arrest the thief. I learned after- 
wards that the constable was unwilling to 
undertake the arrest alone, for fear that 
the stiller 's accomplices might make with 
him a combined resistance. 

The sheriff and his deputies did not reach 
the neighborhood until late, and it was 
decided that they should guard our house 
until morning, and then make the arrest. 
When morning broke, the officers, heavily 
armed, proceeded to Fox Hollow. There 
had been wild rumors of gathering forces 
at the distillery, and everybody expected a 
fight and bloodshed ; but the arresting 
party was destined to meet a pleasant sur- 
prise, for upon reaching the rugged ren- 
dezvous they found the ' ' still, ' ' corn-cobs, 
and all, in ashes. The wary desperado had 
decamped to parts unknown to them, and 
which, happily, might not know him. Save 
for the babble of the cool spring branch, 
silence held undisturbed sway, and the 
whole ravine was as loneso/ne-looking as a 
graveyard. — Epworth Era. 

From New Hampshire (names and dates 
will be furnished if called for) : Infant 
Class Teacher (seriously and affectionately: 
Now, children, what must we all be to go to 
heaven? Little Girl (aged 5): Dead. 



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200 College Place, Columbia, Mo. 



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Classed by the TJ. S. Commissioner of Education as one of the fonrteen «A" eolleeres for women in the United 
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Who Should Come ™ College of the Bible? 

Every person, man or woman, old or young, who wants a thorough knowledge c f the 

If you intend to be a preacher you should come. 

If you are already preaching, but need a better knowledge of the Bible, you should come. 

If you are a Y. M. C. A. worker or il you expect to become one, you should come. 

If you are a Sunday-school worker, teacher or superintendent you should come. 

If you are a Christian Endeavor worker or C. W. B. M. worker, you should come. 

If you are a missionary or intend to be Home Or Foreign, you should come. 

If you have perplexing questions about the Bible which you need help in solving, you 
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If you have graduated from some school where the Bible is not made more prominent 
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Drink Time. 

' ' Steadily man has been forced to the 
conclusion that for economic reasons he 
can't afford to drink." writes George C. 
Lawrence in ' ' Appleton 's. " "In the last 
century the temperance clock has gone ahead 
more than twelve hours. The per capita 
consumption of spirits has steadily been de- 
creasing in all countries which are advanc- 
ing. A hundred years ago, for example, 
drinking among gentlemen began with ris- 
ing. To-day it only begins at ;"> o'clock. 
The very fact that former English marriages 
were celebrated before noon was due large- 
ly to the law's recognition of the fact that 

after that hour no gentleman worthy of the 
name was supposed to be sober enough to 
go through the marriage ceremony with re- 
sponsibility. Ask the average man to-day 
about his drinking, and in the great ma- 
jority of cases he will reply: 'Oh, I never 
take anything until after office hours! 5 
Nothing but an economic reason will explain 
this arbitrary division, for morally it would 
seem as wrong to drink at 7 p. m. as at 7 
a. m. Economically, however, the matter is 
different, since it is from this point of view 
a question of efficiency, of producing result 
units. And experience has shown that al- 
cohol will not produce them." 

July 16, 1908. 



The Frolic Room. 

Paid a visit, yesterday, 

To the Frolic Room: 
Azure Eyes was playing horse, 

Riding on a broom. 

Curly Head was building blocks, 

Eying on the floor; 
Dimpled Fist his bottle had, 

Wanting nothing more. 

Azure Eyes is nearly five, 

Curly Head is two; 
Dimpled Fist is nothing yet — 

He's so very new ! 

Romped with them a little while, 

Then I went away; 
looking back, I saw them, still 

Busy at their play. 

Azure Eyes had got her doll, 

Curly Head his blocks, 
Dimpled Fist was quite content, 

Pulling off his socks. 

Took a crowded subway car, 

In the noise and gloom: 
What a lucky man, I said, 

To have a Frolic Room ! 
-John M. Waring, in The Church Standard. 

Reflecting Rebecca. 

They called her ' ' Eebby ' ' and ' ' Becca ' ' 
and ' ' Bessie ' ' and ' ' Reb ' ' and ' ' Bee ' ' 
for short and for sweet. When they were 
very confidential with her or very grown 
up or very stern it was full, plain Re-bec- 
ca. So this day, she was sitting on the 
floor, her book upside down, her curls near- 
ly upside down, too, her head hung bo low, 
and her temper upside down, bias and con- 
trariwise. So mother said with grave gen- 
tleness : 

' ' Rebecca ! ' ' 


' ' Rebecca I " 

Curls tumble about. 

"Re-bec-ca? Daughter?" 

At last a very slow, "Well, mother?" 

"Pick up your book, darling, and spell 
the word aloud again, letter by letter." 

< ' R-e-f-1-e-c-t-i-n-g. ' ' 

Mother pronounced it carefully and slow- 
ly two or three times, giving the every- 
which-way curls time to fall into their own 
pretty place and the hot, cloudy little face 
time to clear up. 

"Now can you say it?" 

' ' Re-flec-ting, ' ' whispered pouting, rosy 
lips. Then there was a spring from the 
floor to mother 's arms. 

' ' I wish there never was — any more — 
ever — old hard words ! ' ' 

"And mother wishes there never were 
— any more — ever — naughty tempers ! ' ' 

' ' Mother, what makes them ? ' ' 

"I think it is just a case of reflecting, 
daughter Rebecca. ' ' 

" Re-flect-ing what?" 

' ' Come here, Bessie, with me. ' ' 

By this time all the clouds had cleared 
from Bessie's beautiful face and her moth- 
er led her across the room and in front 
of an oil painting that hung on the wall 
above a shelf where fresh flowers were al- 
ways kept. It was a picture of the dear 
sister who just a few weeks before had 
left the home where mother and Bessie 
lived, to go to the heavenly home. 

"Did you ever know sister Ethel to be 
cross with you or mother, dear?" 

"No, mamma," whispered the little one, 
her blue eyes filling with tears. How she 
missed the absent sister! 

"Do you know why? She was just a 
faithful little reflector of dear Jesus and 
he never shows us anything but goodness 
and sweetness to reflect. One day, kneel- 
ing by mother 's side, sister Ethel gave her 
heart to Jesus and promised him she would 
always try to let her heart be a little mir- 
ror to catch the light of his loveliness and 
shine it out. You know how father turned 

the light of your little hand mirror down 
the dark cistern the other day to see if 
there was a rat in the water? That was 
the mirror reflecting the sun into a dark 
place. Now if my sweet Rebecca will let 
Jesus have her heart he will shine there 
and she can reflect that light out instead 
of getting caught in dark, naughty tempers 
and sulks. Do you understand?" 

The child thought she did and her moth- 
er left her standing in front of Ethel's 
picture thinking — thinking about one rainy 
day when she had the toothache. Mother 
was out and Ethel had to play nurse and 
doctor and mother to the cross little girl 
and Rebecca had slapped that dear sister 
twice. But Ethel had just said, "Poor 
darling ! The tooth hurts so!" and had 
kissed her and began a new story. 

"I'll try ! ' ' whispered the child to her- 
self, and kneeling down beside the low 
seat where mother had been she asked 
Jesus to shine in her heart and help her 
to reflect his gentleness and sweetness. 

The next day mother was in bed sick. 
Rebecca had been invited to a party given 
at the home of hex very dearest friend, 
Mattie Graves. But mother was shut up 
in her bedroom with only the doctor and 
papa slipping quietly in and out and no 
one but Katie in the kitchen to talk to, and 
think of the disappointed little girl. What 
a chance for reflecting! 

"'What can I do, Katie?" asked Rebec- 
ca, going into the kitchen, with a smile on 
her face. "Can I help you?" 

"Well, now, look at that!" said Katie, 
glancing up from her ironing. ' ' Look at 
the shine on your rosy face and it raining 
and no party and the mother sick. Why, 
it's helping you are, child, just to be round 
that way. You're like the reflector up 
there ! ' ' 

"Am I, Katie, truly?" asked delighted 
Bessie. ' ' Is that what you call that shiny 
thing behind the lamp chimney ? ' ' 

' ' That 's what it is, sure enough. And 
I have to be keeping it bright or it does 
not reflect anything but smoke and dust. 
Sure you can help me. Just sit down there 
on your little cricket by the fire and tell 
me a story out of one of your Sunday- 
school books. Then this ironing will fly ! " 

The next day mother was better enough 

Keeps the 
Faee Fair 

Glenn's Sulphur Soap cleanses 
the skin and clears the face of 
pimples, blackheads, blotches, 
redness and roughness. Its use 
makes the skin healthful and 
the complexion clear and fresh. 
Sold by druggists, Always 
ask for 

Sulphur Soap 

Hill's Hair and Whisker Dy* 
Black or Brown, SOo. | 

so Rebecca could sit on the bed beside her 
and tell her the whole story something as 
I have told you — the simple story of a 
little child's victory over the naughty dark- 
ness that selfishness makes in our hearts, 
darkness that the light of the blessed 
Jesus can always shine away. — June Her- 

$ @ 

Glass Telegraph Poles. 

Europe is now beginning to use glass tele- 
graph poles, and patents have been granted 
in Germany and other European countries, 
as well as in the United States, for a ma- 
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poles are said to be especially valuable in 
countries where wooden poles are quickly 
destroyed by insects or by climate. The im- 
perial post department of Germany has al- 
ready ordered that these poles be used in 
its telegraph and telephone lines. The poles 
will be more sightly than the present wooden 
affairs, and in countries where the forests 
are nearly exhausted, they will lessen some- 
what the great drain upon the rapidly van- 
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In location, building, climate and health conditions, 
home furnishings, department equipments and fac- 
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in number. Building ai:J grounds deeded to tbe 
Church free from debt. Bible taught every day. 
Write at once for catalogue and read for yourself, 
or visit us and see for yourself. Address, 

Sherman, Texas. 



Is a standard co-educational college. It maintains departments of Greek, Latin, 
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pleasant residence suburb of Indianapolis. Pall term opens September 22nd. Send 
for catalogue. 



Edited and Prepared by the 20th Century Committee, which 
is composed of more than Twenty of our Leading Brethren. 

W. E. M. HACKLEMAN, Editor 




624 PAGES 


814 HYMNS 







400 PAGES 


503 HYMNS 





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Volume XLV. 



Number 30. 







i i -r 


ST. LOUIS, JULY 23, 1908. 


A Pioneer Evangelist of the Reformation Movement. See page 945. 


*i. o 





July 23, 1908. 

The Christian-Evangelist* 

J. H. GARRISON, Editor 

PATH, MOORE, Assistant Bditor 

F. D. POWEK, ) 

B. B. TYLER, > StaJf Cc '^spondents. 


Pnblished by the Christian Publishing Company 
ms Pine Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

Entered at St. Louis P. 0. as Second Class Matter 

All Matter for publication should be addressed to 
The Editor. 

Unused Manuscripts will be returned only if ac- 
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News Items, evangelistic and otherwise, are 
solicited, and should be sent on a postal card, if 

Subscription Price, $1.50 a Year. 

For Canada add 52 cents and for other foreign 

countries $1.04 for postage. 


Fat the Christ of Galilee, 

Foi the truth which makes men free., 

i os the bond of unity 

Which makes God's children one, 

¥m the love which shines in deeds 
For the life which this world needc, 
Fot the church whose triumph speeds 
The prayer: "Thy will be don&-°° 

r Off the right against the wrongs 
P01 the weak against the strongs 
F 01 the poor who've waited long 
For the brighter age to be. 

For the faith against tradition 
Fos the truth 'gainst superstitious, 
bor the hope whose glad fruition 
Our waiting eyes shall see. 

For the city God is rearing, 
For the New Earth now appearing, 
For the heaven above us clearing, 
And the song of victory. 

J. H. Ganuosu 


Current Events 931 

Editorial — ■ 

Where the Blame Should Rest 932 

' ' Sound in Faith and in Charity " .... 932 

A Cruel Joke 933 

Notes and Comments 933 

Current Religious Thought 934 

Editor 's Easy Chair 935 

Contributed Articles — 
The Unshepherded Church and Ministe- 
rial Supply. G. B. Van Arsdall 936 

Ante-Bellum Religion in Old Missouri. 
J. A. Smith 937 

As Seen Irom the Dome. By F. D. 

Power 938 

Salvation's Story (Poem) 938 

What Are We Here For? (Poem). 

Thomas Curtis Clark 937 

Naaman's Trust and Distrust. Prof. 

I. B. Grubbs 939 

Our Budget 940 

Adult Bible Class Movement 943 

A Diamond Anniversary 944 

News from Many Fields 949 

Evangelistic 950 

Sunday-school 951 

Midweek Prayer-meeting 952 

Christian Endeavor 952 

People 's Forum 953 

Obituaries 953 

The ( I oiue Department 954 





SaflUPHUE ^S* u d n °o U |r LE co^?ruction —-under constructs 


The Christian-Evangelist Special 33 


The New Orleans Convention, 

OCTOBER, 1908, 

Will go over the 

Illinois Central Railroad. 

Write to us for particulars. 




No matter what you want, write to us about i 





N i matter what ym; w.-i-it, w pits m lis about it 




Volume XLV. 

ST. LOUIS, JULY 23, 1908. 

Number 30. 

In a test case which had been brought 

before him, Judge Kohlsaat, of the United 

'.'• , , States Circuit 

Railroads and Court at CMca 

Newspapers. has decided that it 

is unlawful for a railroad to accept ad- 
vertising as pay for transportation. The 
case was brought against the Chicago, 
Indianapolis and Louisville railroad (the 
Monon) under the Hepburn rate law for 
issuing railroad tickets to the value of 
$500 to the publishers of "Munsey's 
Magazine. ' ' The claim was made by the 
railroad that the advertising was fully 
worth the price put upon it, that the road 
therefore received the full value of the 
tickets which it issued, and that the mere 
circumstance that no money passed in the 
transaction did not constitute a violation 
of the spirit or meaning of the law. In 
his decision, Judge Kohlsaat attempts to 
make a clear distinction between the sale 
of an article for money and the exchange 
or bartering of it for other commodities. 
In the first place the price obtained for 
the article is clear and evident upon the 
surface of the transaction; in the second, 
it depends upon the value which may be 
set, perhaps arbitrarily, upon the things 
received in exchange for it. There is no 
possibility of uniformity of prices or rates 
under a system of barter. As a matter 
of fact, the valuation placed upon an 
article for purposes of exchange is gen- 
erally more than its casn selling price. 
So in the present case, the publishers in 
return for their $500 worth of advertising 
accepted transportation hedged about with 
limitations which would not have been 
made if they had paid the $500 in cash. 
Presumably, therefore, it was recognized 
by both parties that the $500 worth of 
advertising was not the full equivalent 
of $500 in money. The law declares that 
a railroad shall not accept any compensa- 
tion for transportation ' ' greater or less 
or different ' ' from that named in the 
published schedules. By adding that word 
' ' different, ' ' the law seems to authorize 
the courts to pronounce against the trad- 
ing of tickets for truck, without compell- 
ing them to determine whether in any 
given instance the commodity offered in 
exchange is worth more or less than the 
published value of the ticket. If this de- 
cision is affirmed by the United States 
Supreme Court, to which the case has 
been appealed, it will close the door at 
once to all the possibilities of ghdng trans- 
portation in exchange not only for ad- 
vertising but for services of various kinds. 

Trials are being made this week of a 
device which, it is claimed, will make 
Collisions Impos- r ailr°ad collisions 
sible absolutely impossi- 

ble. Preliminary 
tests give promise that this rather sweep- 
ing claim will be substantiated. The 
device is an elaboration of the block sys- 

tem. Under the old block system, the 
road is divided into sections as short as 
the distance within which two trains can 
safely approach each other, and the en- 
trance of a train upon a given section au- 
tomatically sets a signal at each end of 
the section so that no other train can 
enter it without disregarding the danger 
signal. The defect of the old system is 
that it is entirely possible for an engineer 
to disregard a danger signal. It has been 
asserted that the schedules and regula- 
tions of some roads absolutely require 
engineers to disregard danger signals and 
enter blocks which are already occupied. 
The essence of the new device is that, 
instead of merely setting a danger signal, 
it throws up beside the rail a lever which 
strikes and sets the air-brake on any en- 
gine which may pass and so brings it to a 
stop. It is claimed that, with this 
mechanism in operation two trains ap- 
proaching each other on the same track 
will come to a stop in time to prevent 
accident even if the entire crews of both 
trains are asleep, drunk or dead. The 
experiments are being made under the 
direction of the interstate commerce com- 
mission which was authorized by the last 
Congress to spend $50,000 for this purpose. 
Safety is certainly as important as rate reg- 
ulation. It is as much the government's 
business to prevent murder as to prevent 
robbery by the railroads. 

Twenty years ago, says Elias Nelson in 
the "Pacific Monthly," a man was put in 

The Way of the j* 11 * nd x. he l d under 

Liar is Hard. f ' 00 ° b ° nd on a 

charge of perjury 

for swearing that a certain piece of land 
was not desert and would produce crops 
without irrigation, and now that same land 
is producing thirty-five bushels of wheat 
to the acre by dry farming. This shows 
how difficult it is to tell a lie about the 
West which will really hold water and 
stand the test of time. An exaggeration 
is only a slight anticipation of the truth. 
It errs neither in subject, predicate nor 
modifiers, but only in the tense of the verb. 
This real estate agent of twenty years 
aso doubtless made an honest effort to lie 
about the land. He had every reason to 
believe that it was worthless. He was 
as painstaking and persistent a prevarica- 
tor as any contemporary promoter, and 
probably he died in the full assurance that 
he had succeeded in making an assertion 
which had no relation to facts either past, 
present or future. But it was no use. 
Truth travels faster than bad news in the 
west. Many a robust and well-intended 
lie has been overtaken by the growing 
fact and been turned into truth even be- 
fore its author could be indicted for per- 

The national association of hotel pro- 
prietors, called the Hotelmen's Mutual 
Two Blades of Benefit Association, 
Grass been in session 

at Saratoga. A 
prominent member urged united action to 
combat temperance legislation and the 
"policy of destruction and negation" of 
the prohibition fanatics who "have never 

caused two blades of grass to grow where 
only one grew before. ' ' Perhaps they 
have not, but they have made one drop of 
rye to flow where two flowed before, and 
one jag to grow where two grew before. 
They have also made porterhouse steak 
and good roast beef to appear on many a 
table which had forgotten that there was 
any kind of" meat except liver and soup- 
bones. Likewise in numerous families they 
have made two suits of clothes and two 
new dresses grow where none had grown 
for a long while. Oh, we are not so sure 
that this temperance proposition is all 
' ' destruction and negation. ' ' It depends 
on the point of view. For the one busi- 
ness of liquor selling and the one institu- 
tion of the police court, it is. But for the 
savings banks, the grocery stores, the 
meat markets, the clothing and shoe 
stores, for the churches, for domestic 
happiness, for civic righteousness, we 
reckon that the temperance policy is 
meaning quite the opposite of ' ' destruc- 
tion and negation." When a set of men 
are interested in selling a dime's worth 
of booze for the ruin of a million-dollar 
boy, stopping the transaction may look 
like "destruction and negation" to those 
who are only after the dime, but it is a 
good business proposition to those who 
are interested in the boy. 

Science or Premo- 4v 

Attention is again called to the rather 
curious fact that there is no absolutely 
certain way of tell- 
ing that a person 
is dead until disso- 
lution begins. A Connecticut woman was 
lately pronounced dead and turned over 
by the doctor to the undertaker, and all 
preparations had been made for the fun- 
eral. Then the doctor had a sort of 
"feeling" or "premonition" that the 
case might not be quite over. So he re- 
turned and applied various processes and 
methods until the woman revived. The 
report gives great prominence to certain 
"visions" which the woman is said to 
have had during her death-like sleep — 
visions to which we are not ready to 
ascribe any significance for eschatology, 
though they may have some for psycholo- 
gy. But an interesting and rather alarm- 
ing feature of the ease is that it was no 
scientific test but only a vague and unre- 
liable ' ' premonition ' ' which gave warn- 
ing that the patient was not dead. We 
do not like the idea of depending on a doc- 
tor's premonitions in a matter of life and 

The government made a loan of a mil- 
lion dollars to the Jamestown Exposition. 
Up to date it has received back only 
$102,046. It is now trying by legal pro- 
cess to get possession of the remaining 
property of the exposition to satisfy the 
claim as far as possible. The buildings 
and equipment of a last year's exposi- 
tion — the value of which is comparable 
to that of a last year's bird's nest — are 
a meagre security for a debt of nine hun- 
dred thousand dollars. " 




July 23, 1908. 

Where the Blame Should Rest. 

Since the publication of Brother Todd's 
paper on ' ' The Evangelism for the Times ' ' 
has given occasion for criticism against 
our congress and the committee on program 
and the Campbell Institute, "the new theol- 
ogy," etc., the Editor of The Christian- 
Evangelist feels unwilling to let the mat- 
ter pass without assuming the full responsi- 
bility for the reading of the paper before 
our congress, and for its publication. More 
than a year ago Brother Todd read the 
paper before the New York Ministerial In- 
stitute, and sent it to The Christian-Evan- 
gelist for publication. On reading it, we 
advised its author to withhold it from pub- 
lication until it had passed the ordeal of 
criticism in our congress, as one of the pur- 
poses of our congress is to deal with ques- 
tions of this character. We promised to see 
if we could not secure a place for it on the 
program of the next congress. Later we 
suggested it to the committee on program, 
and it was given a place. It was read before 
our congress in Bloomington, and was re- 
ceived with unmistakable evidence of appre- 
ciation for its ability and timeliness. In the 
discussion of the paper the view was ex- 
pressed that it was rather severe and caustic 
in its criticism — an opinion which we had 
expressed in returning the paper to its au- 
thor — but no one interpreted the paper as 
meaning that all the faults enumerated 
were applicable to all our evangelists, or all 
of them to any one evangelist. But the 
consensus of opinion was that the paper 
should be published, inasmuch as it was felt 
there were tendencies in certain directions 
which, needed checking. In the sincere con- 
viction that its publication could do no harm 
to any worthy minister, but would possibly 
profit many by suggesting faults to be 
avoided, we decided to publish it. We are, 
therefore, responsible both for its appear- 
ance on the program of the congress and for 
its publication in The Christian-Evan- 

If, therefore, the publication of the article 
was "the greatest mistake of your (our) 
life, ' ' as one evangelist expresses it, or if 
the giving of the paper to the public in our 
columns was a sin, as another evangelist has 
suggested to us, who wrote lie was praying 
for our forgiveness, the blame should be spe- 
cifically located where it belongs. We do 
not wish others to suffer for any mistake or 
sin of ours. If it was a mistake, it was 
not the first one we have made, and we fear 
it will not be the last one. But God knows 
how to overrule even our mistakes for the 
good of his cause. We do not yet see that 
it was a mistake. We know, and we believe 
our ministers know, that The Christian- 
Evangelist is the friend of every true and 
worthy evangelist and pastor among us, even 
of those who, like ourselves, make mistakes. 
When it is understood, as it ought to be, 
that the minister who wrote the paper, and 

the editor who published it, were prompted 
by the sincerest motive, viz., by the desire 
to improve our evangelism, already the most 
successful known to modern times, all spirit 
of acrimony and of bitterness should be 
eliminated from our discussion. Time and 
again we have said, in public speech and in 
public print, that no evangelists since apos- 
tolic times have been, and can be, so suc- 
cessful in winning men to Christ as our own 
ministers, with the simple gospel message 
which they have to deliver. No one can be 
more appreciative of, or more grateful for, 
this fact, than ourselves. But it is vain — 
it is worse than vain — to shut our eyes to 
faults that mar the success of not a few of 
our ministers. He is indeed right who 
protests against the division of our minis- 
ters into two distinct classes. The pulpit 
that has no evangelism in it is practically a 
vacant pulpit. The criticism, therefore, does 
not concern the few men known as profes- 
sional evangelists, but all who*' seek in their 
preaching to so present the gospel as to 
convict men of sin, and bring them, in faith 
and penitence, to the world's only Savior 
and Eedeemer. It is vain, we say, for us to 
ignore the fact that our cause has suffered 
great injury in many localities from the mis- 
takes of some of its advocates, both in their 
spirit and methods. No one will deny this 
fact. Ought we not, then, to seek to remedy 
these faults? Does the effort to do so imply 
any lack of appreciation of our ministers in 
general, or of our evangelists in particular? 
To seek to make such use of an honest criti- 
cism, or of the publication of such a criti- 
cism, against the man who wrote it, or the 
paper that published it, is the result either 
of ignorance or of an unworthy motive. 

The Editor of this paper has been an evan- 
gelist, in his day, and has held some suc- 
cessful meetings, but he is conscious now of 
a certain disproportion of emphasis in his 
•preaching at that time which, we believe, 
prevented a larger success than might other- 
wise have been possible. We would gladly 
save others, if we could, from our own 
earlier mistakes. And yet we know how deli- 
cate a thing it is to criticise. The man 
who does it should search his own heart, as 
with a lighted candle, to know that his mo- 
tive is true and right, and then should write 
on his knees, metaphorically, at least, with 
a profound sense of humility and of love 
toward those he criticises. Any criticism 
conceived in a different spirit, while it may 
accomplish good, will cause unnecessary pain. 
But a certain sense of mortification conies 
to all of us when we stand face to face with 
our own faults, no matter how kindly they 
may be pointed out to us. The first feeling, 
perhaps, is to resent it. But the second sober 
thought brings us to ourselves, and we 
thank the man who loved us well enough to 
tell us our faults. 

One other thing, we believe, needs to be 
said before we pass from this discussion. 
Whatever faults there may be in our minis- 
ters, whether evangelists or pastors, are but 
the reflection of faults which exist in our 
churches, for, at last, the churches get what 
they demand. Are there not churches which 
are far more concerned in increasing their 

membership than they are about the real 
spiritual renewal of those who are brought 
into the church? Brother Todd's paper was 
a criticism of the churches, no less than of 
the evangelists. Let us, then, all seek to 
profit by it, whether we be evangelists, pas- 
tors, elders, deacons, private members, 
editors or teachers, and seek to come to a 
higher appreciation of the infinite sacredness 
of the work of so conveying God's message 
to men as to win them from the love and 
service of sin, to the love and service of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, to whose blessed name be 
glory and dominion forever and ever! 

"Sound in Faith and in Charity." 

Such was Paul 's exhortation to his son 
in the gospel. A great deal of stress has 
been laid on soundness in the faith through- 
out the history of the church, and too 
often soundness of the faith has been iden- 
tified with conformity of one's theologi- 
cal views to the prevailing creed of the 
times. To be sound in the faith, in Paul"s 
meaning of the phrase, was, no doubt, to 
believe on the Lord Jesus Christ as the 
divine son of God, by whose incarnation, 
life, teaching, death, resurrection from the 
dead, ascension to the right hand of the 
Father and the sending of the Holy Spirit, 
provision has been made for man's re- 
demption from sin and transformation into 
the image of God. He who believes on 
Christ, in this sense, is ' ' sound in the 
faith," however much his theological opin- 
ions may vary from the prevailing views. 

But how little attention has been given 
to soundness in charity, or love! If Paul 
was right in giving the supremacy to 
love, then it is even more important to be 
sound in love than to be sound in faith. 
What is it to be "sound in love"? 
Doubtless it is to love God with the whole 
mind and heart, and to love one "s neigh- 
bor as himself. It is "to love one another 
even as Christ loved us," which is the 
' ' new commandment. ' ' Measured by this 
standard, how many of us are sound in 

We become alarmed when a brother 
gives evidence of errancy in his theological 
opinions, but the most manifest depart- 
ures from the law of love seem to awaken 
little concern. It is clear that in these 
estimates we do not have the mind of 
Christ, nor even that of his apostles. Cer- 
tainly we do not need to condone depart- 
ures from the faith, especially when there 
is a proper distinction between faith and 
opinion, but what we do need is to realize 
much more vividly than has been done the 
gravity of unsoundness in love. The 
heresy of the heart is worse than heresy 
of the head, and to hate our brother is a 
much greater offense in the sight of God 
than an honest misunderstanding of his 
word. Let it be our aim and ambition to 
be sound, that is to say, healthy and sane, 
both in our faith aud in our love. So 
shall we best fulfill our mission as Disci- 
ples of Christ, seeking to bring all Chris- 
tians into the unity of the faith and to 
bind them together in the bonds of love. 

July 23, 1908. 



A Cruel Joke. 

A recent number of The Christian-Evangelist 
prints and makes serious comment on the follow- 
ing passage from an alleged letter: 

"I am writing for information on missionary 

plans and methods. We have here in ; a 

little group of men advocating the adoption of 
the missionary plan proposed by Russell Errett. 
viz.: each church select the field it desires to help 
and send its missionary offering direct, without 
passing through the hands of any missionary board. 
•Of course, you know all about the plan. I want 
you to write me frankly, and as fully as you feel 
able, just what you think about it." 

If this tiling has any author outside of the 
■office of The Christian-Evangelist, it is surely 
some one bent on a practical joke. Not only is 
•this not Russell Errett's missionary plan, but it is 
no plan at all. It is simply the natural and in- 
evitable procedure, where there is no plan. You 
might as well talk of Russell Errett's "plan" of 
-getting breakfast, which is to order what you 
•want and pay for it — a "plan" that was in vogue 
thousands of years before Russell Errett was 
ever heard of. It is Russell Errett's "plan" 
because it is everybody's "plan." There is no 
plan about it. 

And so of this alleged missionary "plan." It 
is the simple, necessary procedure, where a con- 
gregation or an individual seeks to do missionary 
work without a plan. It is the proper proce- 
dure, until a better way can be shown. There 
was missionary work long before there were 
■plans or boards. This the men well know who 
perpetrate this joke, and in calling it Russell 
Errett's "plan" they are guilty of taking mean 
advantage of a very guiltless individual. 

I have no missionary plan of my own to offer 
for anybody's adoption. I have very distinct 
■views on the relations of our missionary and 
other organizations to our congegations, and their 
individual members, which it is my purpose to 
■unfold in these columns at no distant day, but 
as these views have no connection whatever with 
the great concourse at Bethany, I shall have 
no time to give them until that is out of the 

If there is a being on earth who can entertain 
for a moment the fantastic notion that I would 
•spend all the resources at my command for months 
together in perhaps the most strenuous effort 
ever made to bring all our Christian ministers 
and leading Sunday-school workers together in 
■one great free assemblage, for the purpose of 
•trapping them into something repugnant to their 
good sense and feeling — I say, if there is such a 
one, he shall have my full and hearty endorse- 
ment for assistant editor of The Christian- 
Evangelist. I know of no other position on 
■earth which he is qualified to fill. 

I am confident the managers of Bethany Park, 
and all who have had a hand in preparing for this 
great event, will join with me in a most earnest 
invitation to all who suspect any purpose to make 
•underhand use of the occasion, to be present and 
join with us to frustrate anything of the kind. 
We promise them our unqualified support. 

Russell Errett. 

The foregoing strange communication, 
under its singularly infelicitous title, can 
hardly fail to awaken both surprise and 
pain on the part of those who value mu- 
tual confidence between brethren, and the 
peace and unity of our movement, now 
approaching its first Centennial. Let us 
pass by the implied doubt whether the ex- 
tract we quoted from a brother in a 
Western state was a real extract from a 
real letter, or whether it originated in the 
office of The Christian-Evangelist. We 
would fain hope that no one else but the 
writer of the above statement has any 
doubt on that point. We will only add 
that the brother whose letter we quoted 
is one who stands high on the Pacific 
coast for his ability, integrity and devo- 
tion to the Master's cause, in the impor- 
tant official position which he occupies. 

Other brethren have received the same 
letter from the same writer asking for the 
same information. Evidently, therefore, 
there has been some propaganda of what 
the writer calls a "missionary plan," 
which, instead of being one of co-oper- 
ation, is a return to the disunited and non- 
co-operative method so antagonistic to the 
spirit of Christianity, and to all the im- 
pulses of brotherhood, as well as to con- 
siderations of economy and efficiency in 

We regret beyond measure that Brother 
Errett 's advocacy of this plan in the fore- 
going seems to amply justify the feeling 
and fear which many brethren entertain, 
that the paper which he controls is no 
longer to be an advocate and champion 
of our co-operative missionary work, as it 
was in the days of its distinguished found- 
er, the father of Russell Errett, but is 
henceforth to turn the influence of the 
paper which it has secured largely through 
the renown of its illustrious founder 
against the very organizations which he 
did so much to establish and foster. It 
is due to the religious movement with 
which the ' ' Christian Standard ' ' claims 
identification, that Brother Errett state, 
distinctly and unequivocally, whether or 
not that paper in the future is to lend 
its influence and support to our co-opera- 
tive missionary work through existing or- 
ganizations, or whether it proposes to 
advocate the method pursued by the anti- 
society brethren, and urge the churches 
to act separately, instead of co-operating 
together as now. Will the ' ' Christian 
Standard" have the courage of its convic- 
tions to answer this question, so that there 
will be no misunderstanding of its atti- 
tude toward our missionary societies'? 
Many of us have felt for some time that 
this was the inevitable drift of the paper. 
The time has now come when it can no 
longer conceal its purpose from the broth- 
erhood. The brethren will await with in- 
terest its answer to this question. 

Notes and Comments 

In this country we have succeeded in sep- 
arating church and state so that religion may 
be free, but we have not succeeded yet in 
separating the state and the saloon, that poli- 
tics may be free. That work is now in proc- 
ess. As the separation of church and state 
was necessary to the freedom of religion, 
so the separation of state and saloon is nec- 
essary in order to the freedom of politics 
from the corrupting influence of the liquor 
traffic. The first separation was adopted in 
the Constitution, in the beginning, but the 
union between state and saloon has con- 
tinued so long that many people seem to 
think it a necessary relation. The question 
is, Can the state any longer afford such an 
alliance? A great many people are coming 
to see that it is utterly inconsistent for the 
state, which stands for law and order, good 
government and morality, to be in alliance 
with an institution that is essentially law- 
less and immoral in its character and in- 

Touching the character of the saloon, let 
us have the testimony of "The Wholesalers' 
and Retailers' Review," an organ of the 
whisky traffic, of San Francisco. It says: 

"A man who knows the saloon well can 
honestly say that most of them have for- 
feited their right to life. The model saloon 
exists chiefly in the minds of liquor jour- 
nals, in the imagination of a certain type 
of ministers, and in the mythical stories 
sometimes rehearsed at saloon men's camp- 
fires. Unfortunately, the average tippling 
house is a place of ill fame, a place of shame 
aud of debauchery. With comparatively 
few exceptions, our saloons are houses 
of drunken men, profanity and obscenity 
of the vilest type. " 

It is enough to ask if it is proper for the 
state to be in alliance with an institution of 
this character. 


We regret to notice that our Baptist con- 
temporary of Kansas City, ' ' The Word and 
Way," suggests, because of some injustice 
which it feels that the Baptists received at 
the late International Sunday-school Con- 
tention, that Drs. Mullins and Price should 
resign from the lesson committee, and that 
the Baptists should get out their own course 
of lessons, and have their own lesson com- 
mittee. We hope that suggestion will not 
take well among Baptists. They are too 
large and liberal a body of Christians to 
break loose from the rest of the Christian 
world in the Sunday-school work because 
they do not have as large a representation 
as they feel they ought to have on the In- 
ternational lesson committee. We regret 
very much that they ever drew out from the 
Christian Endeavor movement and organ- 
ized their young people separately. Let us 
learn to keep step as far as we can. 

"Woe unto you when all men speak well 
of you ! ' ' Why is this so ? Do we not like 
to have men speak well of us? Whence the 
woe. There always have been, and there al- 
ways will be, men of perverse minds and 
hearts who will not speak well of a man who 
sets himself to do the will of Christ, and to 
promote the interests of his Kingdom. The 
very fact, therefore, that such men would 
speak well of a man would be evidence that 
he was not doing his full duty as a Chris- 
tian, both in loving righteousness and in 
hating iniquity. It is just as impossible 
now, as it was in the day when Jesus was 
on earth, for a man to be a real follower of 
him and have all men speak well of him. If 
he denounces evil he will be called a ' ' fa- 
natic." If he recognizes the good there is 
in those who do not company with him, as 
Jesus often did, he will be charged with 
' ' unsoundness " or " disloyalty, ' ' or dubbed 
a "latitudinarian." One of the first things 
any man must learn, especially in puolic life, 
is that it is impossible for him to please all 
men, and that his true aim is to seek to 
please God and his own conscience. 


You can not make your church go by talk- 
ing it down. 

The man who would uplift others must 
be uplifted himself. 




July 23, 1908. 

Here is the right kind of a sentiment 
from the resolutions of the Ninth District 
of Nebraska convention: 

"Resolved, That we avoid, so far as con- 
sistent with our plea, apostolic Christianity, 
all technicalities and the attaching of undue 
importance to mere words and human opin- 
ions, and earnestly seek deeper spirituality 
and the fellowship of Christian love." 

Here is a church 's platform as presented 
at the Methodist general conference of 1908 : 

' ' For equal rights and complete justice 
for all men in all stations of life. For the 
principle of conciliation and arbitration in 
industrial dissensions. For the protection 
of the worker from dangerous machinery, oc- 
cupational diseases, injuries and mortality. 
For the abolition of child labor. For such 
regulation of the conditions of labor for 
women as shall safeguard the physical and 
moral health of the community. For the 
suppression of the ' ' sweating system. ' ' For 
the gradual ancl reasonable reduction of the 
hours of labor to the lowest practical point, 
with work for all; and for that degree of 
leisure for all which is the condition of the 
highest human life. For a release from em- 
ployment one day in seven. For a living 
wage in every industry, for the highest wage 
that each industry can afford, and for the 
most equitable division of the products of 
industry that can ultimately be devised. For 
the recognitnon of the Golden Rule, and the 
mind of Christ as the supreme law of so- 
ciety and the sure remedy for all social 
ills.'' ' 

Prof. Henry James, the eminent psychol- 
ogist, thinks there are some new religious 
possibilities. In an article on ' ' Pluralism 
and Religion," in the " Hibbert Journal" 
for July, he says: 

' ' I think it may be asserted that there 
are religious experiences of a specific nature, 
not deducible by analogy or psychological 
reasoning from our other sorts of experi- 
ence, which point with reasonable probabil- 
ity to the continuity of our consciousness 
with a wider spiritual environment from 
which the ordinary prudential man (who is 
the only man that scientific psychology, so- 
called, takes cognizance of) is shut off. 

"Briefly, the facts I mean can be de- 
scribed as experiences of an unexpected life 
succeeding upon death. By this I do not 
mean immortality, or the death of the body. 
I mean the deathlike termination of certain 
mental processes within the individual's ex- 
perience, processes that run to failure, and, 
in some individuals at least, eventuate in de- 
spair. . . . There is a light in which all 
the naturally founded and currently accepted 
distinctions, excellence and safeguards of 
our characters appear as absolute childish- 
ness. Sincerely to give up one's conceit of 
being good is the only door to the universe's 
deeper reaches. These deeper reaches are 
familiar to evangelical Christianity and to 
what is nowadays known as 'mind-cure re- 
ligion,' or 'new thought.' The phenomenon 
is that of new ranges of life succeeding on 
our most despairing moments. There are 
resources in us that naturalism, with its lit- 
eral and legal virtues, never recks of — possi- 
bilities that take our breath away, of an- 
other kind of happiness and power, based on 
giving up our own will and letting some- 
thing Signer work for us; and these seem to 
show a world wider than either physics or 
philistine ethics can imagine. Here is a 
world in which all is w T ell, in spite of certain 
forms of death, indeed because of certain 

forms of death — death of hope, death of 
strength, death of responsibility, of fear 
and worry, death of everything that pagan- 
ism, naturalism, and legalism pin their faith 
on and tie their trust to. 

' ' Reason, operating on our other experi- 
ences, even our psychological experiences, 
would never have inferred these specifically 
religious experiences in advance of their ac- 
tual coming. She could not suspect their 
existence, for they are discontinuous with 
' natural ' experiences and invert their values. 
But as they actually come and are given to 
us, our possibilities widen to our view. We 
suspect that our natural experience, so- 
called, our strictly moralistic and pruden- 
tial or legal experience, may only be a frag- 
ment of reality. The new experiences soften 
nature 's outlines and open out the strangest 
possibilities and perspectives. ' ' 


' ' There has been, of late, a laudable 
decrease in the exaggerated and fulsome 
descriptions of the sermons of our bishops. 
Not every bishop delivers 'great' and 
'masterly' sermons, and none know it 
better than they themselves. They are 
frequently chosen for other qualities be- 
sides their pulpit eloquence or forensic 
oratory — for some executive or adminis- 
trative talent, or genius for ecclesiastical 
law. Most of them preach acceptably and 
helpfully, but scores of pastors may ex- 
cel some of them as preachers, and there 
is no imperative necessity of making out 
every bishop a Beecher in the pulpit, or a 
Cicero on the platform." — Western Chris- 
tian Advocate. 

Under the title of "An Interrupted 
Marriage, ' ' the ' ' Watchman ' ' (Baptist) , 
referring to the overtures of the M. E. 
Church to the Methodist Protestants, 
says : 

' ' The Methodist Episcopal conference 
seems to have been another case of Mike. . 
Says Mike to Biddy, when he heard she 
was engaged to somebody else, 'Would 
you marry me if I askt ye?' Says Biddy, 
'Do you want me, Mike?' Says Mike, 'Not 
unless I can't get ye.' The Methodist 
Episcopal Church paid no court to the 
Methodist Protestant Church until it 
seemed likely that somebody else would 
get her. Then love burned. And the coy 
Methodist Protestant maiden discovered 
suddenly that she loved the Methodist 
lover better than she loved the one with 
the strange name, to whom she had al- 
most -yielded her hand. ' ' 

Writing of the Congregational Council 
which has just met in the city of Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, and in which the relation 
of the Church to labor and socialism waft 
discussed, the editor of the ' ' British Week- 
ly" says: 

' ' The general feeling appears to be that 
this has been the most successful of the gath 
erings, that the speeches and discussions 
were on a very high level, and that the gen- 
eral effect lias been excellent. Of course, 
there were a few extreme speeches, and one 
or two perhaps appeared beyond the limits 
of Congregationalism, however generously 
they may be interpreted. But we believe 
in free discussion, and do not regret this. 
A very pleasing feature of the meetings 
was the grave, serious, and appreciative way 
in which social reform was discussed. How 
great is the contrast in this respect between 
the present congress and that which met in 
London some sixteen years ago ! The Con- 
gregational churches now claim unanimously 
that their mission is to the world and to all 
classes of society, and not least to the poor. 
They are coming to understand that if they 
are to speak effectively to the poor they must 

acquaint themselves with their thoughts, and 
be able to deal with what is passing in 
their minds. Silly sneering at socialism is 
now an anachronism, as it was always a 
blunder. The churches are bound to give 
socialism a fair and respectful hearing, tc- 
study the works of its recognized exponents 
with the utmost care, to support such prac- 
tical steps as can be wisely taken, and to 
anticipate a future when the present terrible 
inequalities between the rich and the poor 
shall have ceased to exist. As yet, what ^s 
most wanted is study. Of hundreds who de- 
blatterate about socialism, not ten have re- 
ally studied the subject as it is. The reck- 
less endorsement of the socialist programme 
by those who are not prepared to surrender 
a single shilling of their own means is just 
as mischievous, and perhaps more mis- 
chievous, than the refusal to lisren to- 
the plea which socialism makes. Does any- 
one believe that the speeches made in favor 
of socialism at the ran-Amencan Congress 
iu any degree represent the mind of the 
Church of England, or will be confirmed by 
the Church at the ballot-box when the time 
comes? We are persuaded that socialists do 
not resent the criticism of particular theo- 
ries if it is done fairly and with knowledge. 
The more socialism is studied in the author- 
ities, the more it will appear that on. many 
points of the gravest moment socialists are 
hopelessly divided. ' ' 

For those who put undue stress on clean- 
ing the outside of the platter, the editor oi 
the "New York Observer" has this to sug- 

' ' There is to-day too much religion of the 
outside of the platter, and too little that is 
interior and fundamentally vital. It is com- 
paratively easy to scour the external fea- 
tures of a character or life so that it con- 
forms to the conventionalities, to the Do's 
and Don 't 's of polite society, and exhibits 
what is called a fair average morality. There 
are many people , who, not going to the 
length of being downright hypocrites — as 
were the Scribes and Pharisees — consciously 
and deliberately pretending to be what they . 
are not — yet deceive others and perhaps also- 
themselves by making a fair show m trie . 
flesh, while the spirit within is yet untu- 
tored by grace and unreconciled to the will 
and law of God. It is not difficult, though 
it is dangerous, for a man to mistake nis 
outward conformity to the laws and ordi- 
nances of the state or of society for the 
fulfillment of that law of spirit and of life 
which are in Christ Jesus, and which de- 
mand a holiness vastly superior to the cor- 
rect mannerisms of the outward man. It is 
frequently said that "mere morality" will 
never save. This is true so long as 
we do not mean by the use of that 
phrase to imply that morality, in so 
far as a man possesses any, has no soeial 
value or influence for good. It is always 
better that a man should be moral than 
immoral, and regardful of social proprie- 
ties and amenities than reckless and rough, 
but such morality will never save that man, 
because it is not big enough nor deep enough 
nor pure enough nor loving enough to satis- 
fy the demands of a perfectly holy God,, 
nor, if it supposedly could do so for a single 
period of life, could it have merit or power 
sufficient to atone for all the sins prior to 
that period which the man had committed. 
The outside of the platter is but the out- 
side of the platter — the really significant 
question is as to what is inside the dish, or 
to apply metaphor in the sphere of morals, 
as to whether corruption or grace is carried 
and treasured at the center of the life, in 
I he very inmost heart of the mau. If a man 
is not right within he is right nowhere. God 
desireth truth in the inward parts, and 
judges men by what is central and at the 
core in all their willing and working. 

July 23, 1908. 



Editor's Easy Chair. 

Or, Pentwater Musings. 

We have recently witnessed some cloud 
scenes over the lake that have been 
truly - awe-inspiring. It is always interest- 
ing to watch the movements of clouds as in 
infinite variety of form they move across the 
heavens. There are the white, floating 
clouds that sail high m the heavens, liKe im- 
mense ships sailing across the sea of im- 
mensity. There are, also, the clouds of 
vapor that often gather about the setting 
■sun, and, borrowing glory from his radiance, 
make a splendid pageantry for his going 
down. These often form themselves in 
mountain ranges along the horizon, and as- 
sume various fantastic shapes, which the 
imagination can turn into all sorts of ob- 
jects. But the storm-clouds, that seem to 
rise up out of the lake and move forward 
so swiftly, fill the beholder with the feeling 
of awe, if not of fear. There is majesty 
in their movements as they advance, impelled 
by the wind, as terrible as an army with 
banners. The lake, mirroring the color of 
the clouds above, adds to the grandeur and 
magnificence of the scene. Indeed, one has 
not seen the lake in its sublimest mood until 
he sees it under the storm-cloud, reflecting 
its variegated colors, and, together with the 
chariots of the clouds, forming a scene of 
indescribable grandeur. It is, of course, the 
wide range of vision which one has over the 
lake that adds to the magnificence of the 
movements of the clouds— God's messen 
gurs by which he waters the earth. When 
Jesus ascended, it is said that "a cloud re- 
ceived Him out of their sight," and it is 
prophesied that when He comes He will 
come "in the clouds of heaven." Thank 
God for the clouds and their gracious minis- 
try to our needs, even the clouds of adver- 
sity, which, though always dreaded, often 
pour their blessings upon our heads! 

The recent reported criticism of this 
department for its excessive optimism, 
and for its tendency to dwell on the bright 
side of life, rather than on the dark side, 
has brought to the Editor a number of 
charming letters from its readers. Here is 
one 'from Sister Damaris D. Van Meter, 
of Iowa, who expresses her surprise that 
any one should find fault with the Easy 
Chair, in which she has found so much 
comfort and enjoyment. She says that 
■"America's strenuous life needs some 
oases of rest, and your Easy Chair is such 
an oasis in these times of religious discus- 
sion and everlasting bustle for money." 
But Sister Van Meter and the Editor were 
friends away back in our college days, and 
no doubt this accounts in part for her 
words of friendly appreciation. We are, 
however, in receipt of similar letters from 
friends we have never seen, so that we 
are compelled to believe that there are 
many of our readers who believe that a 
smile is better than a sigh, and a note of 
joy more helpful to others than a lamen- 
tation of woe, even though the latter 
might be a true expression of one's con- 
dition and mood. If anything bright or 

joyous comes into our life from our so- 
journ here by the lakeside, we like to 
share it with our readers, many of whom 
we know will not be permitted by circum- 
stances to take any vacation. The other 
evening, while sitting on the western ve- 
randa looking out over the lake, which had 
been converted into an opalescent sea by 
the setting sun, we remarked to Dr. 
Moore, who was sitting by us, that, if it 
were in our power to picture that scene of 
transcendent beauty just as it was, — not 
an unfrequent scene- either, — it would be 
impossible to accommodate the lovers of 
the beautiful that would gather here, not 
only for the cool breezes of the lake, but 
to enjoy such inspiring scenes. But, alas! 
no pen can describe, nor painter's brusn 
put on canvas, the marvelous picture 
painted before our eyes by the divine 
Artist ! 

We have been walking over some of 
these hilltops to-day with Dr. Moore, 
whom all the brotherhood delights to 
honor for his long life and useful serv- 
ice, showing him some of the views from 
the crest of the hills between Lake Michi- 
gan and Pentwater, and he thinks that 
"the half has never been told" of the 
beauty and magnificence of these views. 
We talked together of what an ideal situa- 
tion this would be for a number of con- 
genial spirits to come together for their 
summer outing, where they might have 
communion with each other, as well as 
with Nature and with Nature 's God, while 
recuperating their strength, or seeking 
refuge from summer heat. We have pic- 
tured an ideal community of men and wom- 
en who would come here, not for fashion- 
■ able society, but for rest amid the quiet 
scenes of nature, and with such Christian 
associations as would add to the charm 
of the place, and to the benefit of the 
outing. Here, in one of the deep ravines 
hard by the lakeside, is a natural amphi- 
theater amid the trees, which only needs 
roofing over and seating to make an audi- 
torium capable of seating a thousand peo- 
ple. How sweet it would be to meet here 
on the Lord's day afternoon for a sermon 
and a service in the groves, which were 
God's first temples, amid scenes so well cal- 
culated to inspire the heart with the feel- 
ing of gratitude and of worship ! It was 
agreed that no miscellaneous multitude of 
people with conflicting tastes and ideals 
should gather here, but such as would have 
a common spirit and common aims, by which 
living together is made both enjoyable anci 
profitable. Some day, if it please God, we 
shall see this hope realized in this summer 
resort here in this park. We shall seek to 
combine, along with all its material advan- 
tages, that intellectual quickening and spir- 
itual sympathy and helpfulness which con- 
stitute the ideal summer resort. 


The Easy Chair nas found less time thus 
far this summer than it could desire for 
reading and quiet meditation, because, in 
addition to regular tasks, there is a wide 
range of correspondence that follows us even 
to the shores of Lake Michigan. Our read- 
ers have learned that we spare neither time 
nor pains to serve them in any way we can, 

and we do not murmur that their letters find 
us here by the lakeside, where we are seek- 
ing to blend a little rest with our daily stint 
of labor. We are glad, rather, that they feel 
at liberty to seek our counsel. But, none 
the less, we often sigli for leisure to com- 
mune with the thoughts of great men in 
their books which have proved a blessing 
to the world. How can one be continually 
giving out to others unless he is also re- 
ceiving? Especially must one replenish his 
spirit from above. Jesus often found it 
necessary to court the solitude of the moun- 
tains, where he might, in prayer to his Fa- 
ther, re-enforce- his spirit for his unceas- 
ing labors in ministering to men. Desirable 
as it may seem to have leisure for booRs 
and for meditation, we are sure that the 
path of duty — the path of service to one's 
fellowmen — must bring its own compensa- 
tions to those who are willing xo sacrifice 
this coveted boon for the sake of other's. 
The monk in his cell, who was willing to 
leave his vision of the Master to minister 
to the poor who had come for their daily 
portion, found the vision awaiting him on 
his return, and saying : ' ' Hadst thou 
stayed I must have fled." . A true vision 
of the Master will senu us out to minister 
to the manifold needs ot men. There is no 
truer index to one's Christian character 
than his desire to serve his fellowmen. 

By invitation of the Methodist brethren 
at Pentwater, whose pastor is absent for a 
few weeks, the Disciples of Christ, which 
meet here in a hall, held union services in 
the Methodist church last Lord's day, and 
Dr. Moore spoke most helpful words to an 
appreciative audience. At the close the 
communion service was held as usual, and 
all the brethren that were present, without 
regard to name or creed, participated in 
this memorial institution in honor of their 
common Lord. Differ as we may in the 
region of theological speculation, Christians 
can be one at the cross, where they meet 
their Lord face to face in this memorial 
institution. The Baptists have been in- 
vited to unite with us, and we hope this 
arrangement will be carried out, and that, 
during the summer season at least, we may 
meet and worship together for the advance- 
ment of the common cause in this village 
and community. "And I, if I be lifted 
up," said Jesus, "will draw all men unto 
me. ' ' In proportion as we lift up the cross 
of Christ and subordinate all inferior things 
to their proper places, Christians can come 
closer together and realize their unity in 
him who loved us and gave himself for us. 
We shall not be one ecclesiastically for some 
time to come, and perhaps never theological- 
ly one, but it is possible to come much closer 
together than we ordinarily do when we 
meet under the shadow and shelter of the 
Redeemer's cross. Sure we are that if we 
follow his leading, who is the head of the 
Church, he will, in his own time and way, 
bring us into that blessed unity for which 
he prayed, and for which thousands of 
Chrisdike men and women are praying to- 
day. Brethren, our heart's desire ami 
prayer to God for our own Israel is, that 
we may be united and stu^y the things that 
make for peace, and things whereby we 
may edify each other. 




July 23. 1908. 

The Un shepherded Church and Ministerial Supply 

Two distinct problems are involved in 
this study. First, the most effectual care 
of our existing churches by our present min- 
istry, and second, the enlistment and train- 
ing of a future ministry for the church. 
Each of these are vital present-day prob- 
lems. The fiist is that of the wisest use of 
the forces we have, and the second that of 
increasing the member and efficiency of our 
forces. I need haraly take the time to set 
forth the importance and urgency of the 
most careful consideration of both of these 
problems. They are not speculative ques- 
tions. They are among the most vital and 
practical issues with which the church is 
confronted. The relation of the ministry 
to the church is primary — it is fundamental. 
It is true of religious as well as of all 
other movements that their issue is prima- 
rily dependent upon their leadership. This 
paper is not concerned with the character 
of the men constituting mir ministry, but 
rather with the problem of the wisest use 
of the ministry that we now have. The 
creation of an efficient ministry and its ef- 
fective use are separate and distinct prob- 
lems. There are many among us who feel 
tnat the Disciples have not given the at- 
tention to either of these problems which 
their vital relation to the welfare of the 
church demands. This is particularly true 
of the problem of the wisest use of the 
ministry we already have. 

What is the Situation? 

Let us consider first the care of our ex- 
isting churches by our present ministry. 
What is the situation i In round numbers 
we have 10,000 or 11,000 churches, and our 
statistician reports an annual increase of 
about 150. The report of last year showed 
6,619 ministers. Our statistician reports 
that one-fourth of our churches are with- 
out preaching, and an additional fourth have 
preaching only once a month, and that both 
of these classes are without pastoral care. 
This means that one-half of our churches 
are living only by the momentum given 
them in the start or are well on toward the 
way of decay. Some months ago A. W. 
Taylor, of Eureka, made a careful canvas 
of the state of our churches, gathering his 
information directly from the several states. 
His report shows that 22 per cent of our 
churches have no preaching, 50 per cent 
have preaching part of the time, and 28 
per cent have preaching all the time. This 
report agrees essentially with that of Brother 
Hoffman. There are then probably between 
2 ,500 and 3,000 churches that have preach- 
ing all the time. About 2,200 churches have 
no preaching at all. The actual value of 
these 2,200 churches to the cause of Christ 
is so meager as to scarcely be reckoned at 
all. Indeed, it is a question if their exist- 
ence is not a detriment. In addition to the 
above two classes, the one representing our 
highest efficiency and the other our point 
of greatest weakness, we have about 5,000 
other churches whose life and efficiency are 
dependent upon occasional preaching. That 
some of these churches are doing a large 
and effective service will not be questioned, 
but both observation and experience teach 
us that the sustained life of such churches 
is in great danger. The conditions that 
environ our modern life are such as to place 
this class of churches in greater jeopardy 
than was the case a century ago. The need 
of sustained interest and constant watch- 
care is greater than in an age when life 
was more simple. Indeed, if we should make 
a thoroughly conservative estimate of the 
number of churches among the Disciples 
that may be reckoned upon as a permanent 
asset, we would not place it far in excess 
of those that have preaching all the time. 

Laying aside all denominational pnae and 

By G. B. Van Arsdall 

This is the first part of a paper read, be- 
fore the Congress of Disciples 
at Bloomingtcn, 111. 

candidly recognizing conditions as they ex- 
ist, we must confess that the state of more 
than half our churches is distressing. We 
may indeed comfort ourselves and shield 
our conscience against the charge of weak- 
ness in our system with laudatory words of 
appreciation of the little congregation that 

Stands by the Plea Until it Dies. 

To be sure, this is not very complimentary 
to the vitality of the plea, but it furnishes 
material for pathetic eulogies on the valor 
of the vanquished. A good deal of this 
praise might be spared if some one should 
turn the light on the lack of discipline of 
the forces constituting the system. That 
would perhaps be more true to the facts, 
but it would not sound so well for the plea. 
That must be saved regardless of facts. It 
may look well in print to magnify the vir- 
tues of a great host who hold themselves 
aloof and have little or no part in the ac- 
tivities of the age for social regeneration 
rather than compromise their convictions, 
but it certainly does not speak well for the 
system under which they are working. Our 
pride in numbers would be received with 
much more grace if there was linked with 
it a like concern that every congregation 
and every member of every congregation 
should be thoroughly equipped and actively 
engaged in earnest service for the king- 
dom. I would not have our pride in num- 
bers less, but I would have our concern 
for efficiency equal to it- 
It is not possible to state just what per 
cent, but it is clearly evident that an alarm- 
ingly large number of our churches are in 
process of decay, or in conditions that in- 
vite it. This, too, because they are with- 
out ministers to stimulate and direct their 
latent energies. Before considering what 
may be done for the future by an increase 
in our ministry, we should first answer the 
question, — are all the men that we now 
have related to the churches to the best 
advantage, and if not, can a more effectual 
plan for so relating them be devised, that 
will be consistent with our present church 
polity? Let it be understood from the out- 
set that I do not have in mind any depart- 
ure from the congregational form of church 

Lack of System. 

Let us first consider our present system 
of locating ministers with churches. What 
elements are necessary, both on the part of 
the minister and the congregation, to put 
it into effect, and what are its advantages 
and disadvantages to each? The most char- 
acteristic feature of our present system is 
the utter lack of any system. A minister 
finds it necessary or expedient to change 
his field of work. He can proceed to hunt 
until he finds. The success of his quest 
depends upon a number of things. Neces- 
sarily and of right, the most determining 
element entering into it is the efficiency of 
his past ministry and the extent to which 
his work is known. This first and most 
essential element, however, has its tempta- 
tions of subjecting him to the immodesty 
of magnifying his achievements. Many of 
our most efficient ministers are little known 
and consequently at great disadvantage at 
the time of a change of pastorate, because 
a becoming modesty restrains them from 

making known the real merits of their 
worth. On the other hand, not a few with 
an immodest passion for publicity exploit 
all their comings and goings, weddings,, 
funerals, lectures, etc., and thereby gain for 
themselves a reputation quite out of pro- 
portion to their works. 

Again, whatever a man 's work may have 
be;n, his transfer to another church is con- 
ditioned upon his knowledge of vacant pul- 
pits. This he must gain largely through 
the columns of our papers, and though there 
may be many openings to which he would 
be well adapted, the bugbear of a flood of 
applications forces many such churches to 
keep secret the fact that they are in need 
of a minister, and then the very embarrass- 
ment of offering his services and se ing 
forth his qualifications and the record of 
his work are like the raspings of a saw to 
ins sensitive soul. 

It is almost indispensable to the process 
of relating himself in a modest and cour- 
teous fashion to the church that he would 
serve that he should make liberal appeal 
to his friends for assistance, and thus he 
is often led to engage m a species of wire 
pulling against which all his inner n& cure 

He is on Trial. 

But even after he has successfully and 
modestly brought his availability before the 
church he must suffer the embarrassment 
of knowing that others are probably in the 
same state of expectancy for the place of 
service. He is conscious that he is on trial, 
and the minutest detail, from the cut of 
his coat to his loyalty to the plea, is utider 
inspection. He knows that he is ill at ease 
before a strange people on a single Sunday, 
the real heart of his passion to serve his 
Master is known only to those who know 
him and whose life he shares trom day to 
day. Though his transfer to another church 
is with him at least a response to the ap- 
peal of his conscience for a larger useful- 
ness in the Master 's service, he realizes 
that all his past work and the consequent 
divine endowment of him for service may 
be nullified by the chance impression of one 
day. He also knows all too well that the 
real inner conditions of the church which 
he would serve will hardly be known to him 
by such an acquaintance. 

All these, and more, are elements that en- 
ter in some measure into the experience of 
the average minister in changing his field 
of work according to the system in vogue 
among us. To be sure, in many instances 
some, and even all, of these are largely 
eliminated, but the system, or lack of sys- 
tem, certainly has its embarrassments and 
serious hindrances to the ministrv. It is 
a real problem to him. 

Limited Knowledge. 

How stands the matter with the congre- 
gation? In the first place, whether the con- 
gregation secures a minister at all or not, 
and much more, whether the man most 
adapted to the work, depends wholly upon 
the initiative of the local church. The 
worse the conditions existing in the church. 
and consequently the greater the need of 
a minister, the less the probability of se- 
curing one. Here the church is under the 
almost overwhelming disadvantage of its 
limited knowledge of available men and 
their fitness for the position. The church 
is largely dependent for this upon the news 
columns of the papers. In the average con- 
gregation the vast majority of the mem- 
bers know practically nothing of our min- 
istry in general. Their knowledge of men 
is largely based upon what they have read 
in the papers, or a c nance impression from 
a convention address or an over-Sunday 
visit to friends in some other community. 

July 23, 1908. 




These impressions, which for practical pur- 
poses are largely useless, are unfortunately 
often determining factors in securing a min- 

Our present system subjects the congre- 
gation to the temptation of insincerity in 
putting forth its brightest side to make a 
good impression upon the visiting minister. 
What man ever visited a church on trial 
that he did not find the choir out in full 
force that day and everybody optimistic of 
the outlook for a great work there? Of 
course, they may have had some minor dis- 
agreements in the past, but then these 
things are all forgotten now and all they 
■need is the right man. 

The Smooth Speaker's Chance. 

Under our present system the congrega- 
tion ; is at the mercy of the smooth speaker 
who may chance to happen along, just pass- 
ing that way over Sunday to visit his wife's 
relatives. It is surprising to know how 
many of our churches, and some of them 
among our best, too, have been enamored 
of these wandering stars and taken up with 
them, or rather been taken in by them, to 
the retarding, and sometimes even wreck- 
ing,, of an otherwise prosperous work. The 
inability of the minister to learn the real 
inwardness of conditions in tne church is 
more than matched by the church 's igno- 
rance of the real character and qualifica- 
tions of the minister, if the last man has 
in any particular signally failed, the pos- 
session of the qualities that were lacking in 

him is often made the one consideration in 
the choice of a new man, and often to the 
loss of weightier and more serious inter- 

Time would not permit me to even name 
the list of evils that accrue to the account 
of the church in our present haphazard meth- 
od of selecting ministers. I would not be 
understood as saying that all of these ob- 
tain in every instance, or even that there 
are not instances in which none oi them 
obtain, but the system makes them possible 
anywhere. The competition between min- 
isters for places, on the one hand, and on 
the other, the local disaffections, due to 
our present system, are an open shame to 
the name of Christ. Every element help- 
ful to the successful issue of our present 
plan, both on the part of the minister and 
the church, if not actually productive of, 
at least opens the way for some violation 
of the Christian spirit. It need not be ar- 
gued that all this of which I have been 
speaking may be and is in fact avoided in 
many of our churches. I grant the conten- 
tion. This, however, is true, not because of 
the system, but in spite of it, and because 
prudent men adopt wise measures to fore- 
stall the evils normally accruing from the 
system. There are perhaps 500, or possibly 
1,000, churches among us that adopt such 
measures in locating ministers as to avoid 
many or all of these consequences. It is 
not of these churches I am speaking. Five 
hundred or even 1,000 churches out of 10,- 

000 are the exception and not the rule. The 
majority of our churches, and especially 
the small and medium size congregations, 
the ones most in danger, are all more or 
less subject to all the disadvantages of which 

1 have spoken. The over-Sunday visit and 
trial sermon are in some measure at least 
a conditioning factor in their selection of 
a minister. 

This then is 

The Real Situation Before Us. 
As a brotherhood we have 10,000 churches 
and 5,000 or 6,000 ministers, with no plan 
whatever for relating these to each other. 
A considerable number of our ministers and 
churches get together in happy and serv- 
iceable relation without any plan. On the 
other hand, the great majority of them suf- 
fer more or less seriously because of our hit 
or miss methods. Perhaps it may be ar- 
gued that our State Secretaries have the 
oversight of the churches, and the ministers 
and churches should look to them for assist- 
ance in this matter. To be sure, both our 
State and National Secretaries render val- 
uable assistance along these lines, but it is 
not generally accepted that our Secretaries 
have this responsibility. It is not a prac- 
tical working principle among us. The 
churches do not look to them naturally for 
it, and the Secretaries all render such serv- 
ice most cautiously, with the feeling that 
they are in danger of embarrassing their 
own work. 

(to be continued.) 

Ante-Bellum Religion in Old Missouri.— II. 

We are still in Mercer County, but in a 
different place. This article will deal with 
the first Christian church of which I have 
any knowledge and with which my Chris- 
tian life began. In the year 1858, my fa- 
ther, with a few other kindred spirits, wish- 
ing to enjoy the privileges of a church un- 
trammelled by creeds or dogmas of any kind, 
met at the home of Abram Constable, who 
lived about half way between Princeton, 
Mo. and Pleasant Plains, Iowa (now Pleas- 
anton), and after a prayerful discussion 
of the matter, decided to hold meetings 
once a week with a view to organizing a 
•congregation of "Christians only." After 
a few meetings the interest became so great 
that it was decided to erect a meeting-house, 
and the plan was hardly broached until the 
men of the neighborhood were in the woods 
felling the trees for the building, which was 
of hewed logs and the cracks pointed with 
mortar. The house was about thirty-five 
feet, by forty and was seated with rough 
benches of sawed lumber, and the capacity 
of the building was, when crowded in, about 
two hundred. The leaders of the movement 
then invited Eeuben Perkins, of the Goshen 
Prairie church, which was a few miles south 
of the new church, to come and dedicate 
the house and hold a meeting. In due time 
he came and the house and all the conve- 
nient space for several yards around the 
building was taken. "Pleasant Hill" was 
the name given to the new church. How 
that name thrills me to this day! Well it 
may, for it was my Christian alma mater. 
After Brother Perkins had preached for a 
few days, Samuel Downey, of Eagleville, 
Harrison County, came to his assistance, and 
such a meeting as it was! It seemed as if 
the whole neighborhood had caught the in- 
spiration and at every invitation there was 
a perfect rush to take the hand of the 
preacher to make the good confession. The 
weather was extremely cold, and it was nec- 
essary to cut the ice in the creek to immerse 
the candidate; however, the inconvenience 
of the thing was never considered at all. 
On the day the writer was baptized the ice 
was fully eighteen inches thick and there 
were eleven of us, and Brother Perkins ad- 

By J. A. Smith 

ministered the ordinance. The elders hand- 
ed us down to him, and after we were bap- 
tized we remained standing on the bank of 
the creek until the audience was regularly 

Amongst the charter members of that 
church were the Strouds, the Joneses, the 
Constables, the Petersons, the Sinclairs, the 
Lushbaughs, my father's family and others 
whose names have been forgotten by me. 

Those were days when good works were 
considered the prime factor in religion. If 
any one was sick, he was visited regularly; 
if in need, his necessities were met ; if a 
member proved recreant in any way, he was 
sure of a visit from the elders. How often 
I have joined with others in a big wood- 
chopping for our widows or sick brethren, 
when the cold, chilling winds of winter were 
howling around the house or moaning through 
the leafless boughs of the trees. This kind 
of ministration was a joy to us, pure and 
simple. The hospitality or the home, when 
measured by the present time, was badly 
overworked, but was at that time an un- 
alloyed pleasure to those who did the en- 

By Thomas Curtis Clark. 

What are we here for? 

To waste our days in aimless revelling? 

To wax more rich by others' poverty? 

To climb the heights, denying others 

To stuff the mind with knowledge profit- 

This we are here for: 

To make each day a step to blessedness; 

To grow more rich in care for others' 

To climb the heights, and helping each a 

friend ; 
To fill the heart with visions fair of Him. 

tertaining. The members of the church and 
most of the preachers of that time were 
"rough diamonds," but they certainly had 
hearts of gold. The two ministers of God, 
whose names I am keeping in the "inner 
temple" of memory have long s.nce gone 
to their reward, with many of the older 
members. The civil war played havoc with 
this church, as most of the younger men 
went to the front and many of them found 
graves in the Southland, where the holly and 
the pine are now growing over their last 
resting places, while the gentle winds are 
sighing through the trees, a requiem for the 
dead patriots who gave their lives in de- 
fense of their country. Many who did re- 
turn soon sought homes in the west, and 
old Pleasant Hill church let her light go 
out. I have to this day a letter of commen- 
dation given me from the church when we 
left Missouri, and shall keep it as a cher- 
ished memento of my early Christian life. 
Time rings its changes on us all in this 
world, and while I am living where I can 
hear the rolling surf as it beats incessantly 
on the golden shores of the Pacific, the ever 
changing scene and condition can never ef- 
face from my mind the early days of my 
life spent in ' ' Grand Old Missouri. ' ' There 
my father, mother, brothers, sisters, wife 
and darling children, two of them, sleep in 
ner soil, besides a mighty host of loving 
friends that I have known in the last fifty 
years. Looking back over the past, I am 
led to exclaim : O Memento ! O mores ! ! 
Conditions have changed and the people 
have changed with them, and let us hope for 
the better ; yet in some respects I am not cer- 
tain that there has been much of an im- 
provement in Christian living. I will, at any 
.rate, say that we are not living up to our 
present opportunities as well as we should. 
If, under the untoward conditions of fifty 
years ago, the people; did well, with the 
open door of the present what a mighty 
power for God's work is the church of to- 
day! There was a yesterday, there is a to- 
day, there may be no to-morrow; then wis- 
dom tells us to-day is the time to perform 
our life 's work. 

San Diego, California. 




July 23, 1908, 

$ Seen From the Dome By f. j>. Powei 

This is vacation time. Uncle Sam gives 
every .employe a month 's rest and a second 
month 's sick leave if he needs it. More than 
this, he gives the nrules and horses a month 
off. ' ' Charlie, ' ' the black horse in the serv- 
ice of the postoffice department, received 
formal permission to spend a month in the 
clover in Montgomery county, Maryland, and 
has gone. ''Dick/' his mate, will go on his 
leave a little later. How much better is a 
man than a mule? 

Ministers need vacations. The pressure 
on the preacher was never so great as it is 
to-day. To many rest is indispensable; to 
all, beneficial. More work and better work 
will they do in ten or eleven months than 
twelve. The exhilaration of a mountain 
climb, or invigoration of a week at the sea- 
side, means better sermons. Excess of work 
and lack of recreation wear out the minis- 
terial stock fast enough. We work faster, 
think faster, live faster than our fathers. 
We must have more recreation than they 
were accustomed to take. And the minister 
more than the farmer, the business man, the 
mechanic, the lawyer or physician is under 
constant strain. His labor is not for eight 
hours, nor ten nor fifteen, but an uninter- 
mitting service of watchfulness and respon- 
sibility. Day and night the burden is on. 
His own cares and the cares of five hundred 
others are his. He is the most hard-worked 
man in all the community if he conscien- 
tiously does the work that calls him on every 
side. ' ' Come ye apart and rest awhile ' ' is 
as vital as "Go ye into all the world and 
preach. ' ' 

Some people do not know how to unbend. 
They take even their pleasures sadly. "Is 
not Geneva dull?" asked a friend of Talley- 
rand. ' ' Especially when they amuse them- 
selves, ' ' was the reply. Nobody would ever 
think of Dante as having ' ' a good time. ' ' 
Petrarch tells how one day being at Can- 
della Scala 's court and blamed for his 
gloom and taciturnity, he answered in no 
courtier-like way. Delia Scala stood among 
his courtiers with mimes and buffoons 
making him merry, when turning to Dante, 
he said: "Is it not strange, now, that this 
poor fool should make himself so entertain- 
ing, while you, a wise man, sit there day 
after day and have nothing to amuse us 
with at all?" Dante answered bitterly: 
' ' No, not strange ; your highness is to 
recollect the proverb, • Like to like. ' ' ' 

No one would ever charge Dante with 
smiling even, and Calvin perhaps never 
played leap-frog in his life, or he would 
have been a better theologian. Plato and 
Aristotle, Moses and Abraham, Mahomet 
and Napoleon we never think of as boys, but 
the world no doubt would have been better 
for their sojourn in it if they had taken an 
annual vacation. Leo Tenth spent his time 
at the chase, to the neglect of bulls and 
masses. Hartabus, king of Hircania, spent 
his holiday catching moles. Bias, king of 
Lydia, we are told, took his days off and 
amused himself stabbing frogs. Grover 
Cleveland and the Apostle Peter went fish- 
ing. Socrates played with children. Spinoza 
would unbend his mind setting spiders to 
fight each other. He observed their combats 
with so much interest that he was often seized 
with immoderate fits of laughter. Tycho 
Brahe diverted himself with polishing all 
sorts of spectacles. Petavius, the learned 
author of ' ' Dogmata Theologica, ' ' at the 
end of every hour would twirl his chair for 
five minutes. Dr. Samuel Clarke found his 
relaxation in jumping over tables and chairs. 
Shelley took great pleasure in making paper 
boats and floating them on the water. So 
long as his paper lasted he remained riveted 
to the spot, fascinated by this peculiar 

amusement. He used precious letters and 
leaves of his books as Noah used gopher 
wood. One day he found himself out of 
paper. Not a single scrap could be found 
save a bank note of fifty pounds. He hesi- 
tated long, but yielded at last, twisted the 
note into a boat and committed it to the 
Serpentine River, on whose banks he was 
walking, but fortune favored and the costly 
skiff was driven by the wind back to its 
owner. Every man to the diversion that 
suits his taste. George Washington liked 
the fox chase; Gladstone would rest himself 
cutting down trees in Hawarden Park; 
Roosevelt takes a day off for bear, and Mr. 
Bryan finds recreation in making a few 

Our Baltimore and Washington preachers 
have gotten into the vacation habit. Abbott 
and Ainslee are taking "a rest tour," as 
Peter calls it, in England and Scotland, and 
will be two months abroad. D. W. Ohern 
supplies at the Temple. The pastor of the 
Temple distributes pennies, with the prom- 
ise of " a souvenir post card and a leaf from 
some historic spot in Europe" to every one 
who makes his penny a dollar for the church 
debt. The Temple pastor is a man of ideas. 
Nelson H. Trimble is the new pastor at Ful- 
ton Avenue. He calls his charge ' ' the Chris- 
tian Center. ' ' We have ' ' Christian 
Church," "Christian Temple," "Christian 
Center "and "Church of Disciples" in Balti- 
more, a goodly variety. The Center is a sort 
of institutional church, and advertises itself 
as ' ' without a human creed, " " the church 
that welcomes the stranger" and "We're 
tremendously in earnest." Arthur Baird 
has taken the churches in Howard county, 
near Baltimore. 

The capital city has had the vacation air 
for a month or more. Outdoor meetings 
are held in the parks, and only a few churches 
announce any evening service. ' ' All serv- 
ices all summer" is our motto, and we live 
up to it faithfully. July 12 the thermome- 
ter was 104 in the" shade, the hottest city in 
the country, yet we did not swerve from our 
practice. Instead of fighting the slump, we 
encourage it when we abandon our evening 

George A. Miller goes West for the month 
of August. Walter A. Smith goes to 
Montana in September, and his place 
at Whitney Avenue is yet to be filled. 
George E. Dew will serve the Eock- 
ville congregation. The churches are 
generally prosperous and at peace. J. £. 
Stuart and the Vermont Avenue pastor 


By Hugh Wayt. 

Occupation, speculation, fluctuation, ruina- 

Dissipation, degradation; reformation or 

Consideration, meditation, concentration 
and cessation. 

Declaration, information, inspiration, invi- 

Trepidation, hesitation, a-cceptation, restor- 

By conviction and contrition and confes- 
sion, and immersion. 

Exultation, purification, new relation, 

Education, new sensation, destination, full 
Barnesville, Oliio. 

visited Bockville, Hyattstown and Vienna 
recently to present the state work and con- 
firm the brethren. Thomas Wood is the 
preacher at Vienna, and we succeeded in ar- 
ranging for the other two pulpits. Hayes 
Earish will, for the present, preach at Hy- 
attstown. The brethren in Montgomery 
county were much imposed upon by one J. 
P. Lewis, for whom the sheriff of Orange 
county, Fla., J. H. Vick, of Orlando, is 
beeking, on the charge of bigamy. When 
shall we be done with unworthy preachers'/ 

W. G. Oram will leave for a visit during 
the month of August to his old home near 
Bethany. J. E. Powell will supply for Ninth 
Street a part of the time. He, with his 
gifted wife, our singing evangelist, is now 
located near Marshall Hall on the Potomac, 
a few miles from this city. 

An amusing blunder just came to my no- 
tice. A preacher writes to ' ' The Committee 
on Pulpit Supply, Vermont Avenue Chris- 
tian Church, ' ' and the letter goes by mis- 
take to the " Committee on Pulp and Paper, 
House of Representatives. ' ' What is the 
connection? The chairman of the house 
committee seemed puzzled. John McDonald 
Horn, of Des Moines, will fill my pulpit 
during the month of August. Bethany Beach 
next. The wild waves have something to 
say. The soul of the deep calls to the soul 
of man. Neptune's white herds, lowing o'er 
the deep, are in my dreams. Good night. 

Food That Rebuilds Body and Brain. 

' ' I owe a debt of gratitude to Grape- 
Nuts, " writes a W. Vs. young lady, " and 
I am glad of this opportunity to pay a 
little interest on it, although the debt itself 
I can never hope to remove. 

' ' A few years ago I broke down from 
over-work and improper food. I was then 
in a preparatory school and my fondest 
wish was to enter college the following 

' ' But about the middle of the term my 
health failed, and my brain refused to 
grapple with the subjects presented to it. 
Einally, my eyesight giving way, I was 
taken from the school, and sent to my 
grandmother's in the country with orders 
not to open a book while I was there. 

' ' The dear old lady tried every way to 
console and nurse me back to health, but 
it looked like failure until the day she 
brought back from town a box, which, had 
its contents been pure gold, would have 
been of less value to me than the little 
golden-brown granules which it actually 

' ' I did not care about being* experi- 
mented on at first, but that was before 
I had tasted Grape-Nuts with Grandma's 
rich Jersey cream. 

' ' Oh, it was too good to stop eating. 
And I never have stopped, for I still have 
Grape-Nuts for breakfast. 

' ' In the course of a few weeks I was 
back at school again, my health so entirely 
restored that I was almost a. new girL 

• ' I am now in my juuior year at col- 
lege, president of my class and expect to 
take an A. M. degree next year. My good 
health lias continued and my eyes, having 
been strengthened by the general build-up 
of my whole body, enable me to study all 
1 wish." "There's a Reason." 

Name given bv Postum Co.. Battle 
Creek, Mich. Read "The Road to Well- 
ville.' ' in pkgs. 

Ever read the above letter? A new 
one appears from time to time. They 
are genuine, true, and full of human in- 

July 23, 1908. 





Faith in the truth of any proposition, 
however strong or heartfelt it may be, can 
not assume the form of trust unless that 
proposition contains a promise, or its equiv- 
alent. In such case it can only exist in the 
form of condition. A man might believe 
that a multi-millionaire is very benevolent, 
as well as very wealthy; but if he walks 
up to him and says to him, "I am trust- 
ing in you to bestow upon me a portion of 
your estate," he would subject himself to 
the suspicion that he was getting ready for 
an insane asylum. Suppose, however, that 
the millionaire had, for any reason, prom- 
ised to give him an interest in his estate; 
there could now be abundant room for sen- 
sible trust upon the part of this man. Con- 
viction and trust, then, are not two ele- 
ments of faith, but two different forms that 
faith may assume, according to the rela- 
tion which the believer sustains to the thing 

Furthermore, when a benefactor proposes 
to bestow any gift, and gives his instruc- 
tions as to when and how that blessing 
may be received, there can be no rightful 
•or intelligent trust for its actual bestow- 
ment apart from implicit compliance with 
those instructions. If a physician should 
promise restoration to health to a despairing 
patient, and follows it with a prescription 
and directions, the patient would manifest 
folly instead of trust by ignoring those in- 
structions. One can not, then, have faith 
in the form of trust where no promise has 
been given, and when the promise has been 
coupled with conditions, there still can be 
no trustful expectation of its actual ful- 
fillment in the absence of compliance with 
those conditions. 

Let us now see how these principles are 
illustrated in the case of Naaman, as re- 
corded in the fifth chapter of Second Kings. 
He was a leper, and came to the prophet 
Elisha to be healed. The prophet sent him 
a message, saying : "Go and wash in the 
.Jordan seven times, and thy flesh shall come 
again to thee, and thou shalt be clean. ' ' 
What was the effect upon Naaman? "He 
turned and went away in a rage, ' ' saying : 
■"Behold, I thought he would come out to 
me and stand and call on Jehovah his God, 
and wave his hand over the place, and re- 
cover the leper. Are not Abana and Phar- 
par, rivers of Damascus, better than all 
the waters of Israel? May I not wash in 
them and be clean?" Surely he did not, 
as yet, trust in the promise of the prophet, 
•or in Jehovah, who spoke through the proph- 
-et. On the contrary, he manifested the high- 
est degree of distrust. What was the mat- 
ter with him? He was displeased with the 
instructions that had been given him, and 
'his displeasure grew out of a misunder- 
standing of their true import. He evident- 
ly thought that the prophet, in requiring 
.him to wash in the Jordan, a condition on 
which he would be healed, was ascribing 
healing efficacy to the Jordan itself. This 
-serious blunder might hnd a parallel in our 
day as regards the way men trust divine 
; instruction as to the way of salvation. Sup- 
pose he had carried out in practice his 
own suggestions, and had sought the rivers 
of Damascus, that he might bathe in them; 
-or, suppose that he had gone to the Jordan 
and washed in its waters but once or twice, 
would he have been trusting in Jehovah any 
more than a patient would trust in the 
wisdom and healing power of his physiciaD 
when he fails to follow his instructions. 

Happily, Naaman was brought to a "so- 
'ber second thought." His servants proved 
to be wiser than he. They suggested that 
if the prophet had commanded him to "do 
some great thing," he would have been 
jready to comply with the directions, and 
•/that it would be easier and safer to do the 


simple thing that had been enjoined. He 
now begins to trust Jehovah and the word 
of his prophet by proceeding ' ' according 
to the saying of the man of God. " " He 
went down and dipped himself seven times 
in the Jordan, and his flesh came again, 
like unto the flesh of a little child and he 
was clean. ' ' What more ? By this result 
he makes the discovery that his healing 
came alone from the grace and power of 
Jehovah, while all that he had done in the 
case was but the divinely appointed and 
gracious condition on which the healing mer- 
cy of God had been bestowed upon him. So, 
' ' he returned to the man of God, he and 
all his company, and came and stood Defore 
him; and he said, Behold, I know that there 
is no God in all the earth but in Israel: j . . 
I pray thee let there be given to thy serv- 
ant two mule's burden of earth, for thy 
servant will henceforth offer neither burnt- 
offering, nor sacrifice to other gods, but un- 
to Jehovah. ' ' What a splendid lesson we 
have here, teaching us that rightful and 
intelligent trusting in God is inseparable 
from an implicit compliance with the con- 
ditions on which divine blessings are mer- 
cifully bestowed upon men! 

Perhaps another question could be intro- 
duced here that might be conducive to prof- 
itable meditation. When Naaman had re- 
ceived his instructions, and had come to a 
correct understanding of their import, was 
it ' ' essential ' ' to his recovery that he should 
proceed ' ' according to the saying of the 
man of God"? Would he not have died a 
leper if he had followed his own sugges- 
tions? And would any of his servants have 
been silly enough to call him a legalist, when 
at their suggestion he concluded to follow 
without modification the directions of the 
prophet? All must see that his obedience 
in the case was "essential" so long as 
it was required in the mind of Jehovah; 
while none but a simpleton would suppose 
that it was ' ' essential ' ' in the sense that 
God himself could not bestow the blessing 
apart from the Jordan and its sevenfold 
washing in its waters. The truth is, that 
this word "essential," oecause of its am- 
biguity, has no proper place in this connec- 


Thy ways have made me trust myself, dear 
And all I am, completely in thy hands; 
I can but be as thy great will com- 
In comfort, or in sickness, health re- 
Of mind and body, rich or scanty board, 
Living or dying, still thy tender bands 
Bind me to thee, in these or unknown 
For I am thine, what more can life af- 
Then let me trust my dear ones unto thee. 
If dear to me, to thee how much more 

If for their good seek I, who can not 
How much more thou, with love and power 

Myself I give thee — small the gift; — 

grown bold, 
I give thee those I love, without a fear. 
— Sonnets by Caroline Hazard, in A Scal- 
lop Shell of Quiet. 

tion. When a sophist wishes to entrap an 
opponent, he propounds a question in am- 
biguous terms, and insists on a simple yes 
or no as a categorical answer, when by so 
doing the opponent, under one construc- 
tion, might be made to affirm what he does 
not believe; or to deny what he does be- 
lieve, under another construction. 

Finally, let us suppose that Elisha had 
embodied his instruction in this form: "Go 
to the Jordan and dip thyself seven times 
and wash away thy leprosy, calling on the 
name of Jehovah." Would any one find 
any difficulty whatever in determining the 
meaning of the prophet? Would not com- 
mon sense see at once that Naaman could 
not expect to be healed until he had obeyed 
this requirement, and that this actual re- 
moval of his malady was simply represented 
in a figurative way by the use of the term 
' ' wash, ' ' in allusion to the cleansing efficacy 
of water? Would any one of ordinary in- 
telligence ever suppose that the prophet, in 
using a mere figure of speech, must be un- 
derstood as meaning that Naaman should 
go to the Jordan and dip himself seven 
times, and thus symbolise his healing as 
something which he had already obtained? 

Lexington, Ky^ 

® @ 


Doctor Gains 20 Pounds on Postum. 

A physician of Wash., D. C., says of his 
coffee experience: 

"For years I suffered with periodical 
headaches which grew more frequent until 
they became almost constant. So severe 
were they that sometimes I was almost 
frantic. I was sallow, constipated, irrit- 
able, sleepless; my memory was poor, I 
trembled and my thoughts were often con- 

' ' My wife, in her wisdom, believed coffee 
was responsible for these ills and urged 
me to drop it. I tried many times to do 
so, but was its slave. 

"Finally Wife bought a package of 
Postum and persuaded me to try it, but 
she made it same as ordinary coffee and 
I was disgusted with the taste. (I make 
this emphatic because I fear many others 
have had the same experience.) She was 
distressed at her failure and we carefully 
read the directions, made it right, boiled 
it full 15 minutes after boiling commenced, 
and with good cream and sugar, I liked 
it — it invigorated and seemed to nour- 
ish me. 

' ' That was about a year ago. Now 1 
have no headaches, am not sallow, sleep- 
lessness and irritability are gone, my brain 
clear and my hand steady. I have gained 
20 lbs and feel I am a new man. 

"I do not hesitate to give Postum due 
credit. Of course dropping coffee was the 
main thing, but I had dropped it before, 
using chocolate, cocoa and other things to 
no purpose. 

' ' Postum not only seemed to act as an 
invigorant, but as an article of nourish- 
ment, giving me the needed phosphates and 
albumens. This is no imaginary tale. It 
can be substantiated by my wife and her 
sister, who both changed to Postum and 
are hearty women of about 70. 

"I write this for the information and en- 
couragement of others, and with a feeling 
of gratitude to the inventor of Postum." 

Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, 
Mich. Read "The Road to Wellville," in 
pkgs. "There's a Reason." 

Ever read the above letter? A new 
one appears from time to time. They 
are genuine, true, and full of human in- 




July 23, 1908. 

— We shall shortly give attention to our 
country churches. 

— The importance of this theme will be 
recognized by all who study the facts pre- 
sented by Brother Van Arsdall on other 

— His address was read at our last na- 
tional congress, held at Bloomington. If 
any one supposes our congresses are taken 
up with criticism, and papers tending to pull 
to pieces the brotherhood, let them carefully 
read Brother Van Arsdall 's paper. We hope 
to complete it in our next issue. It should 
not be forgotten that these addresses are 
always subject to criticism. 

— Preparations are already being made 
for the Illinois State Convention, which meets 
with the Chicago churches August 30-Sep- 
tember 4. 

• — We print this week a second article by 
J. A. Smith, on "Ante-Bellum Religion in 
Old Missouri." His name was unfortunate- 
ly omitted on the publication of the first 
article. : i 

— In our obituary columns will be found 
some notice of Simpson Ely, whose unfor- 
tunate death we recorded in our last issue. 
Brother Ely was a man of many good parts. 
We are glad to publish this account of him, 
written by his pastor. 

— We conclude this week the series of 
autobiographical sketches, "Down in Old 
Missouri." We are sure hundreds of our 
readers are grateful to Brother Lappin for 
these pictures of the past and for this inside 
view of a heart and life struggle. 

—There will be found in other parts of 
this issue— both in editorial, budget pages 
and "Our Forum" — remarks on the sub- 
ject of Bethany Assembly and the purposes 
of the managers of the "Christian Stan- 
dard. ' ' 

—The special Evangelistic Congress fol- 
lows the Indiana State Meeting, which is in 
session this week at Bethany Park, and the 
Teacher Training portion immediately fol- 
lows the Evangelistic Congress. That in 
turn is succeeded by the gathering of Chris- 
tian Endeavorers. 

— We very much regret to announce the 
death of Mrs. Ella I. Ford, the news of 
which has just reached us. She was a good 
woman, and generous and helpful in all the 
work of the Christian churches. She was 
identified in membership with the congrega- 
tion of the Central Christian Church at De- 
troit, Mich. We hope to give further par- 
ticulars in our next issue. 

— We have received a copy of the program 
of the annual meeting of the Christian 
churches of Clay county, Mo., which is to be 
held at Mt. Olivet, July 23-24. There are 
some interesting features. Among those 
taking part will be F. V. Loos, F. H. Smith, 
T W. Cottingham, L. S. Cupp, Dr. E. H. 
Miller, Judge A. W. Gross, C. F. Ward, T. 
H. Frazier, H. W. Hunter, J. W. Bryan and 
Mrs. F. Snelling. 

— The annual report of our church at 
Liberty, Mo., shows that there were 83 addi- 
tions during the year, the net gain being 
60. All accounts were paid and there was a 
small balance in the treasury. Total money 
raised was $4,477.89, and the amount given 
to missions $907.10. The Bible school, with 
a membership of 200, raised about $640, and 
the C W. B. M., with a membership of 79, 
about $220; the Ladies' Aid, numbering 
65 raised $480, and the church, with a mem- 
bership of 427, over $3,000. B. Graham 
Frank is the beloved minister of this his- 
toric congregation. 

—We are glad to give some account this 
week of the origin of our work in Indianap- 
olis. On our front page is presented a fine 
likeness of one of the early pioneers who did 
much for our Cause in Indianapolis, while 
under the title of "A Diamond Anniver- 
sary" is a sketch of the seventy-five years 
of life of the Central Church, the mother of 
our work in Indianapolis, where we now 
have over 6,000 Disciples of Christ. Brother 
Philputt is recognized as one of the strong, 
progressive, yet steady men of our brother- 
hood. We congratulate him and his church 
on this anniversary occasion and the pleas- 
ant relationship which has existed between 
congregation and pastor for over ten years. 
He is a brother of J. M. Philputt, of the 
Union Avenue Christian Church, St. Louis. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

— H. F. Stevens has taken the work at 
Virginia, Neb. 

— F. Naotaro Otsuka recently visited the 
old church at Wellsburg, W. Va., and par- 
ticipated in the services. 

— Evangelist William J. Lockhart may 
be addressed for the remainder of the 
summer at Ft. Collins, Colo. 

—Fred A. Nichols, of Alliance, O., and 
J. E. Dinger, of Chickasha, Ok., have made 
an exchange of pulpits for three months. 

— M. A. Hart, of Columbia, Mo., re- 
cently delivered an address before the 
Men's Club of our church at Paris. 

—Francis M. Biddle, of Wellsburg, W. 
Va., has been in demand for special ad- 
dresses during the G. A. R. and school ex- 
ercise period. 

— W. L. Harris, of Lyons, Kan., gave 
his lecture, "The Golden Thread," at the 
Arkansas Valley Chautauqua to a large 
concourse of people. 

— The Randolph (Mo.; county conven- 
tion of Christian Churches will be held 
in Cairo on August 24-25, and a good pro- 
gram is beirg formulated for the occa- 

— Geo. H. Combs, of Kansas City, is to 
lecture to the evangelical churches of Ala- 
meda, Cal., after the Santa Cruz meeting. 
On this occasion his theme will be ' ' The 
Heart of the Gospel." 

— As a result of the notice of the Loyal 
Sons' Class at Fruitvale, Oakland, Cal., 
Will H. Brown has had many letters of in- 
quiry, and a Loyal Sons' Class has been or- 
ganized at Tonawanda, N. Y. 

— M. C. Dutt, a recent graduate from 
Kentucky Lniversity, has accepted the pas- 
torate of the church at East Las Vegas, 
which W. S. Bullard left some months ago, 
in order to take the work at Wilson, N. C. 

— George L. Snively is to supply the pulpit 
of the East St. Louis (111.) Christian church 
during August. There were six additions 
under his preaching last Sunday. His evan- 
gelistic meetings will commence in Septem- 

H. H. Peters, field secretary of Eureka 

College, will, with his family, make his home 
at Eureka, 111., during the present campaign. 
He reports his work progressing very nicely. 
All letters should be addressed to him at 

— G. W. Morton has closed his work at 
Erie, 111. There were 22 additions at 
the regular services during the year, while 
the enrollment in the Bible school is three 
times as large as when Brother Morton 
took the work. 

— Ernest J. Sias has gone on a five weeks ' 
vacation, during which time he will fill 
lecture dates on the way to the Pacific 
Coast. He has arranged for a different 
speaker for every night at Frankfort, 
during his absence. 

— O. L. Smith, on Lord's day, July 12, 
reached the close of three years of service 

as pastor of the church at El Beno, Okla. 
During this period there have been 359 ad- 
ditions. The outlooK is for a steady growth 
in this vigorous congregation. 

— Good work is being done at Havana, 
111., under O. C. Bolman. The teacher 
training class of 27 has completed its first 
term and examination. The school keeps- 
above the. 150 mark all the time. There 
are frequent additions to the church. 

— The resignation is announced of Miss- 
Mary Monaham, the official traveling secre- 
tary of I. C. E. Association. Miss Cora 
Carrithers has been selected to do the work, 
and is soliciting members for the Associa- 
tion and working for a large attendance at 
the college. 

— The bulletin of the First Christian 
Church at Bethany, Mo., contains the fol- 
lowing : ' ' Some church members will hire 
a team and drive twelve miles to cele- 
brate July 4th, but will not walk or ride 
one block to celebrate the death, burial 
and resurrection of Christ." 

■ — A. M. Growden filled an engagement 
at Bethany Chautauqua. L. L. Carpenter 
says of this: "Both sermon and lecture 
were of high grade and delighted the audi- 
ences. ' ' Brother Growden, who has trav- 
eled extensively, is arranging lecture 
dates, and may be addressed at Silver 
Springs, Ark. 

— Our congregation at Nunda, McHenry 
county, Illinois, has purchased a lot upon, 
which they expect to build a parsonage. 
At present they are without a pastor, 
however, and desire to correspond with 
some good man who may locate. Address 
F. I. Wolk, North Crystal Lake, at the 
place mentioned. 

— D. W. Moore sends a message from. 
Carthage, Mo., announcing the joyful 
news that $12,000 has been pledged for a 
new building, which, with $6,000 on hand. 
and a $6,000 lot, well located and paid 
for, seems to assure the erection, at no dis- 
tant date, of a building costing from 
$30,000 to $35,000. 

— James Matthews reports that for the 
past three weeks open air services have 
been held in McKinley Park Pavilion, 
Pittsburg, Pa., on Lord's day afternoons, 
conducted by F. M. Gordon. Last year 
much good resulted from such meetings. 
A large chorus choir, men's glee club and 
male quartet assist. 

— Cal Ogburn has resigned at Bakersfield r 
Cal., to take effect at the end of August. 
He expects to go into evangelistic work 
again, and those desiring meetings for the 
autumn or winter can write to him. The 
Standard Publishing Company is about to 
issue his last book, entitled ' ' Illustrative 
Talks at the Lord's Table." 

— F. F. Walters, pastor of the Central. 
Christian Church at Springfield, Mo., has- 
been in demand this season for Bible lec- 
tures at the Chautauquas. He has just 
completed the first week in his home city 
chautauqua to a large and appreciative 
audience. He has calls for twelve days- 
which he will not be able to fill. 

— A. J. Adams has spent eighteen months 
at Wenatchee, Wash., which is known as the 
land of big red apples. During this period 
there have been nearly 150 additions to the 
Christian church, new pews have been in- 
stalled, and the attendance has taxed the 
seating capacity of the building at nearly 
every service. With the co-operation of 
Waterville and Entiat, there is to be a liv- 
ing link evangelist in this field in the near 

— Since the return of P. C. Macfarlans 
to Alameda, Cal., the church work has been 
going splendidly there. At the last report 
there had been 33 additions, 8 by letters, 
since November 1, with many more think- 
ing of taking their stand with the church- 

July 23, 1908. 




The Sunday-school is thriving, despite the 
vacation season. A big meeting is to be 
planned for next year. 

— Dr. B. S. Gowen, a member of the 
Christian Church, and a graduate of Yale 
and Clark Universities, has been elected to 
the presidency of the New Mexico Univer- 
sity, which is situated at Las Vegas. He 
takes the place of Dr. W. E. Garrison, who, 
as announced in last week's issue, goes to 
be president of the College of Agriculture 
and Mechanic Arts at Mesilla Park, New 

— At Nelson, Neb., there is steady prog- 
ress. The Christian Endeavor started the 
latter part of February with 11 members, 
and has increased to 93 members, 65 of 
them being active. A large delegation went 
to the district convention at Fairfield, and 
this organization has contributed to a num- 
ber of the causes in the church, while a 
number will go to the state convention at 
Bethany Park, Lincoln. 

— The dedication at Paragould, Ark., 
which was led by F. M. Kains, was, in 
every way, a success. The other churches 
of the town, with the exception of one 
of our own little organizations of the ex- 
tremely conservative brethren, adjourned 
their own services to unite with the re- 
joicing congregation. The amount asked 
was $3,000, and $700 in excess of this was 

— The congregation at Mounds, Okla., is 
erecting a modest building at the cost of 
$1,500, which it is hoped will be dedicated 
on the first Lord's day in August, iree of 
debt. This is a mission field, for which 
S. W. Marr, of Tulsa, Okla., has labored for 
five years. It is a worthy field, and con- 
. tributions from those inclined to give are 
desired to help the brethren start without 
any incumbrances. Contributions may be 
sent to James H. Burns, the treasurer. 

— A series of sermons which Andrew P. 
Johnson has been preaching during June 
and July to business men at Bethany, Mo., 
is producing most beneficial results. TLo 
town has been aroused and the largest 
attendance in the history of the congre- 
gation is being witnessed. The business 
men select the subjects to be discussed. 
—During the past six months E. "W. 
Allen's congregation, Wichita, Kan., has 
given $828 in missions, and there have been 
a large number of additions. Guy B. 
Williamson comes as assistant pastor Au- 
gust 1, a month prior to the Scoville 

■ — A helpful contest, extending over a 
period of six months, has' been engaged in 
by the Bible schools of the Christian church- 
es at Winchester and Parker City, Ind. A 
definite purpose was selected by the officers 
at the latter place, viz., to pay off a mort- 
gage of some $200 on the church property. 
A rally day was set and the mortgage burned 
with appropriate services. The mark for 
attendance was set for 200, and this was 
exceeded, while the offering was $210. C. 
H. Trout, the pastor, says the contest was 
a pleasant one in every way and helpful to 
both schools. Larger things are planned 
for in the future. 

— On other pages of this issue will be 
found the names of some 250 books, 
which the Christian Publishing Company 
is offering at a discount of 30 per cent 
from the list price. This is a rare oppor- 
tunity to get some good books at a very 
low price. Most of these books are late 
publications. Many of them are by au- 
thors which have large followings, but are 
not so well known, perhaps, to our read- 
ers, as they ought to be. An order should 
be sent in promptly before the stock is 
exhausted. The volumes are in good con- 
dition and not even shelf-worn. We are 
selling out to make room for new books 
coming in. 

— The church at Gloversville, N. Y., has, 
by unanimous vote, persuaded H. H. Gush- 
ing to remain another year as their pastor. 
Last year they increased his salary and have 
added to it again this year. The number 
of additions has been 32, 18 by confession 
and baptism. A. C. W. B. M. Auxiliary, or- 
ganized during the year, is in a flourishing 
condition, while all other societies report 
good progress. The pastor organized a boy's 
brigade, and the week-day drills are always 
preceded by religious exercises and a ten 
minutes' talk, in which Brother Gushing has 
been assisted by other ministers of the city. 
He will remain with this congregation, which 
enters upon its year with bright prospects. 
— F. E. Lumley has resigned the prin- 
cipalship of Sinclair College at St. 
Thomas, Ont., and after a summer spent 
in rest and study will enter Yale Divinity 
School to complete his work for the 
Ph. D. degree in sociology and educa- 
tion. Then he will be available for work 
in some of our own colleges. Quite a 
number of our young men will attend 
Yale in the autumn. 

— The corner stone laying of the Sarah 
Davis Deterding Missionary Training 
School, which is under the direction of 
the Christian Board of Missions, will be 
on August 10 at Irvington, a suburb of 
Indianapolis, Ind. This will be the day 
before the state convention of the 
C. W. B. M., which is to be held at Beth- 
any Assembly. 

■ — Growing out of a difficulty in the 
First Church at Keokuk, la., which has 
been amicably settled, a second Chris- 
tian church has been organized with about 
50 charter members. A good board of 
officers has just been chosen, and we are 
informed that prospects are bright for 
the future. The new church is located 
in a residence section of the city, far 
from any Protestant organization. The 
property was secured from the Presbyte- 
rians, who turned over a mission school of 
100 members with it. The building con- 
tains three well-equipped Sunday-school 
rooms, which can be thrown into the main 
auditorium, giving a total seating capaci- 
ty of 400. Phil A. Parsons has taken 
up the work during vacation. The new 
organization is to be known as the Chris- 
tian Church, corner of Bank and Fif- 
teenth streets. 

— Wesley Hatcher, who last month sur- 
prised his congregation at Hamilton, Ohio, 
by tendering his resignation, which was re- 
luctantly accepted, has been eminently suc- 
cessful in his late field, going there about 
three years ago from Columbus. During 
this pastorate he has been the means of 
building up the work at Hamilton in a re- 
markable way. He is much loved by the 
members of his congregation, and respected 
by his fellow ministers and townsmen. In 
leaving Hamilton he is accepting a call to 
a great service in the hill country of Ken- 
tucky. In Morgan County of that state 
there are nineteen congregations, and for 
some time efforts have been made to se- 
cure him as superintendent of the county 
work. He will devote himself to organiz- 
ing congregations and preparing them for 
a pastor. He believes a great work is to 
oe done there, and for this reason he has, 
at somewhat of a sacrifice, severed his re- 
lationship with his happy, settled pastorate. 
— Many are the appreciations that reach 
this office of our Easy Chair. It is not 
often that others than the writer and the 
editors know of these. In the absence of 
his chief by the lakeside, the assistant makes 
the following quotations from a letter just 
received as typical of many others that 
come to hand : ' ' The Easy Chair is the first 
thing I read upon receipt of The Chris- 
tian-Evangelist. It has the stimulating ef- 
fect of a personal letter from a loving, help- 

ful friend. The past year it has fallen 
to my lot to sit week after week by the sick 
bed of loved ones, and these notes came to 
me and mine like a fresh and invigorating 
breeze from God's great and beautiful world 
outside. My favorite passage in all the 
apostolic letters is, ' Whatsoever things are 
pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatso- 
ever things are of good report; if there be 
any virtue, if there be any praise, think 
on these things. ' Long live The Christian- 
Evangelist 'Easy Chair' to help us in the 
cultivation of the beautiful side of life!" 
This cheering message is from Celesta Ball 
May, of Blackweli, Okla. 

A Straightforward Statement. 

I desire to say in the columns of The 
Christian-Evangelist and ' ' The Christian 
Standard ' ' that I know there is abso- 
lutely nothing in the suspicion that there 
is any secret purpose or design in holding 
the great evangelistic and teacher training 
institute at Bethany Park, Ind., July 28- 
August 6. I have been familiar with the 
details of the work from the time the 
invitation came from Brother L. L. Car- 
penter to hold such an institute, and know 
whereof I speak. 

This national congress and institute will- 
be a training school, pure and simple, that 
those who attend may go home better 
equipped to do a larger service for our 
Master Teacher. 

Herbert Moninger. 

[Referring to the disclaimer of Brother 
Moninger, no one, we suppose, has tor a mo- 
ment entertained any suspicion of any ulte- 
rior motive on his part, or any knowledge of 1 
his that such motive existed. Some brethren- 
who received the unwise circulars having the 
tendency if not the motive of stirring up 
partisan feeling among the brethren, feared 
a hostile demonstration toward existing or- 
ganizations, and a possible inauguration of 
an opposition movement. We felt it our 
duty to give the authors of these circulars,- 
and the Bethany Assembly managers, an op- 
portunity to disclaim any such motive. This- 
the Bethany Assembly, through its presi- 
dent, has done, and the ' ' Christian Stand- 
ard" has denied any purpose to form a new' 
organization, but has not yet defined its 
attitude toward our missionary societies.- 
This information is called for elsewhere. — 

What Our Congresses Discuss. 

As there is an effort in some directions- 
to make it appear that our congresses have 
an entirely destructive tendency, it may be 
of interest to recall some of the subjects- 
that have recently been discussed in them. 
To go no further back than 1906, the themes- 
were: "The Secret of Power," "Practical 
Measures for the Disciples in the Promotion 
of Christian Union To-day," "The New 
Testament Teaching on the Relation of 
Baptism to Remission of Sins and the New 
Birth," "What Obstacles, if any, Exist in 
the Way of Union Between Baptists and 
Disciples of Christ?" "Organized Effort 
of the Disciples in Behalf of our Colleges- 
and Universities, " " The Educational Ex- 
pression of a Religious Movement," "Re- 
ligious Life in the Light of Modern Psychol- 
ogy/' "The Reorganization of Religious- 
Education," "The Elements of a True 
Evangelism." This latter subject, by the 
way, was treated by H. O. Breeden, Wm. J. 
Wright and Archibald McLean, none of whom 
we believe could be classed as opposed to 
New Testament Evangelism. The next year,- 
at Cincinnati, the themes discussed were: 
"The Relation of the Church to Men," 
' ' Things in Common Between Industry and 
Religion, " " The Relation of the Church to 
Labor," "The Relation of the Church to> 




July 23, 191)8, 

Young People, ' ' and ' ' Wherein all Agree, terests of our Brotherhood, surely has a 

Whereto all Should Labor. ' ' curious conception of the conditions that the 

The man who classes these themes as un- churches have to meet at the beginning of 

important or as destructive of the best in- this twentieth century. 


The work in North Carolina has been 
a little torn up, recently, on account of the 
resignation of the president and corre- 
sponding secretary of the state board, but 
everything is getting straightened out now 
and our people are settling down to hard 
work, with a determination to make this a 
great year for the cause of Christ in the 
old North State. We were compelled to 
allow A. B. Cunningham, president of the 
board, to leave us, but were fortunate in 
retaining W. G. Walker, our efficient cor- 
responding secretary, who for two years 
has so earnestly and faithfully labored in 
North Carolina. Brother Walker is a 
"little Alabama coon," but he tips the 
scales at 256 and has a heart and brain 
fully as large, and we are very glad that 
he is to remain with us in the work here. 
He is a man that believes in doing things 
and doing them now. He is a man with 
plenty of courage, and tackles the hard 
and stony places with a vim that knows 
no defeat. He believes that nothing suc- 
ceeds like success, so, like the old Jew, 
"if he don't succeed at first he keeps on 
succeeding until he does succeed. ' ' 

Meetings have just been closed at 
Farmville and Fremont and one is being 
held at Whitakers at this writing, with 
several more to be held in the various 
fields during the latter part of July and 
August, Brother Walker, assisted by 
Prof. J. D. Bowles as singer, held the 
meeting at Farmville, and from all re- 
ports held one of the best meetings ever 
witnessed by the good people of this thriv- 
ing little town. Forty-two were added to 
the church and those within the church 
were so revived and stimulated that they 
began the erection of a new $8,000 build- 
ing as soon as the meeting closed, and 
they could move the old one out of the 
way. G. F. Cuthrell held the meeting at 
Fremont, and while there was no great 
number of additions, some substantial 
work was done that will amount to much 
in the future. Fremont is a mission point, 
but they have a neat little house, just 
completed, and a few of the most earnest, 
consecrated workers we ever knew, and 
the indications now are that the day is not 
far distant when Fremont will be one of 
our strong churches. J. W. Tyndall is 
holding the meeting at Whitakers and at 
last report was having large crowds and 
great interest. This is the first meeting 
we have ever held at Whitakers, but 
Brother Tyndall hopes to leave an estab- 
lished church when he leaves. 

Brother Walker, assisted by Professor 
Bowles, is preparing to begin a meeting 
at Scotland Neck. We have no church at 
Scotland Neck, and the people of this 
community have had very few opportuni- 
ties of hearing the gospel as presented 
by the Disciples of Christ, but we feel 
certain that with the proper efforts a 
strong church could be established. We 
have a few faithful members who have 
long been pleading with the state board 
for a meeting, but the proper time has 
just presented itself, and, cleo volente. 
Brother Walker will open up there next 
Sunday, prepared to stay until something 
is accomplished for Christ, There are a 
number of towns and cities where we 
could establish churches if we only had the 
men and money to enter them properly, 
and to continue the work until it is self- 

The work at Wilmington, our city mis- 
sion, is moving along very nicely. Brother 
Erwin seems to be leading and the mem- 

bers following and working together, to- 
wards the accomplishment of one of the 
greatest works ever undertaken in North 
Carolina. Wilmington is the largest city 
in the state and in many ways the 
most important. it has a very ex- 
cellent harbor and is near one of the 
greatest seaside resorts of the state. Our 
people have had a wonderful beginning 
there and the indications are that within 
a few years we will have a church in 
Wilmington which will not only be self- 
supporting, but will do much to evangelize 
the rest of North Carolina and the world. 

The prospects for Atlantic Christian 
College are now brighter than they have 
ever been before, and we believe next year 
will be the greatest in the history of the 
college. The girls' dormitory was taxed to 
its utmost capacity last year, so we can 
not hope for much increase in the num- 
ber of young ladies until we can have more 
buildings, but the indications are now 
that we will have double the number of 
young men next year that we had last 
year. J. C. Caldwell, our new president, 
seems to be eminently fitted, both by na- 
ture and training, for the position which 
he occupies. He is taking hold of the 
work with a spirit and a determination to 
win, and if the indications fail us not, the 
day is not far distant when Atlantic 
College will be one of the strongest and 
best small colleges of the brotherhood. 
The people of the state seem to be awaken- 
ening to the great importance of A. C. C. 
and we believe that the sun of greatness 
is just rising upon a great and glorious 
day for our college and the cause of Christ 
in North Carolina. 

President J. C. Caldwell begins a meet- 
ing at Ellenton, S. C, the third Sunday in 
this month. Jacob Walters, editor of the 
South Carolina department of the ' ' Caro- 
lina Evangel, ' ' and one of the leading 
spirits of the Christian warfare in the 
Palmetto State, is the efficient minister at 
Ellenton. Brother Walters is a staunch 
friend of Atlantic Christian College and 
is very desirous of seeing the two states 
(North Carolina and South Carolina) unite 
in the building up of one college, and we 
believe by closer relationship and more 
co-operation on the part of the two states 
much more can be accomplished and the 
cause of Christ greatly strengthened in 
this section. 

Claude C. Jones, of Washington, D. C, 
has just taken charge of the work at 
New Bern, and from all reports he is stir- 
ring things in this the most historic city 
of the state, having had nine additions 
the first month. New Bern has one of 
the livest, most enthusiastic Sunday- 
schools in the state, aud now with Brother 
Jones there, with his zeal and earnestness 
and ability, presenting the old Jerusalem 
gospel, New Bern is destined to have a 
wonderful growth for the Lord. 

B. V. Omer has recently taken hold 
of the work at Washington, and W. S. 
Bullard at Wilson. Good reports are com- 
ing from both places. The prayer-meet- 
ing at Wilson is the best it has ever been, 
both in reference to attendance and in- 
terest, while the Sunday-school is moving 
along very nicely. Wilson is our best 
and most important church in the state. 

Miss Elizabeth Tesh, state organizer of 
the C. W. B. M., to the sorrow of the 
C. W. B. M. sisters, has ceased to be, and 
in her stead we have Mrs. Elizabeth Tesh 
Willingham. Miss Tesh resigned her po- 
sition as state organizer a few weeks ago, 
without giving her full reason, and it was 

something of a mystery to her many 
friends, until Monday evening, July 6, 
1908, when the drowsy afternoon nappers 
of the city of Kinston were disturbed from 
their quiet repose by the music of wed- 
ding bells, as it was sweetly wafted forth 
upon the still, balmy air of an ideal sum- 
mer day from the silvery lips of the Chris- 
tian Church bell. The happy man was 
Mr. T. Li. Willingham, a prosperous young 
insurance man of Greenville, N. C, and 
a most earnest Christian gentleman. Miss 
Tesh was a consecrated Christian worker 
of great ability, and will be missed very 
much in her official capacity, while we are 
sure she will be a valuable addition to 
some local congregation. Just after the 
ceremony the happy couple left for their 
future home, Greenville, N. C. 

Wilson, N. C. C. Manly Morton. 



Champaign, 111. 

New road to the ministry. Especially for men 
and women of limited education and burning zea£. 
Only one year in college then training while 
preaching. Freshness, power, time, enthusiasm 
conserved. Catalogue ready. 


Advertisements will be received under this head 
at the rate of two cents a word each insertion, 
all words, large or small, to be counted and two 
initials being counted as a word. Advertisements 
must be accompanied by remittances to save book- 

Business Opportunities. 

WE HAVE an actual gold mine in operation at 
Rawhide, Nevada, machinery installed and tak- 
ing out ore. All Christian men, we need a 
little more money to secure returns from the 
smelters; will let you in on the ground floor 
with us and treat you right. L. \V. Klinker, 
Los Angeles, California. 

NURSES WANTED.— By the Christian Hospital, 
St. Louis, Missouri. Fifteen young ladies be- 
tween twenty and thirty years of age, with at 
least a grammar school education, and all right, 
morally and physically, to enter our training 
school for nurses. For terms address Supt. of 
Christian Hospital, 5881 Plymouth ave., St. 
Louis, Mo. 

Church Supplies, Etc. 

HAS IT for less. All church and Bible school 
supplies. Get catalogue L. American Black- 
board Company, 810 Olive st., St. Louis, Mo. 

Evangelists and Ministers. 

GEO. L. SNIVEL Y. 773 Aubert Ave., St. Louis, 
general evangelist, dedicator, pulpit supply. 

D. H. SHANKXIN, evangelist. Normal, 111., uses 
stereopticon, charts and furnishes singer if de- 

M. R. SHANKS, of Geary, Oklahoma, after a 
three-years' pastorate at that place, has re- 
signed for the purpose of entering the evan- 
gelistic field. He would be glad to correspond 
with churches needing meetings. Address him 
at Geary, Oklahoma. 

Musical Instruments. 

ORGANS. — If you require an organ for church, 
school, or home, write Hinners Organ Com- 
pany, Pekin, Illinois, who build Pipe Organs 
and Reed Organs of highest grade and sell 
direct from factory, saving you agent's profit. 

Schools and Colleges. 

SEND for catalog of Christian University, Can- 
ton, Mo. Departments — Preparatory. Classical, 
Scientific, Biblical, Commercial and Music For 
ladies and gentlemen. Address Pres. Carl 
Jo ham. Canton. Mo. 

CENTS plus 25 1-2 hours a week pays for all 
the privileges of an up-to-date school. Catalogue 
free. Address School of the Evangelists, 
Kimberlin Heights. Tenn. 

Send for our Catalogue. 
St. Louis, Mo. 

July 23, 1908. 







Missouri and Teacher Training. 

At a rally in Kansas City, held in May, 
there were promised by the churches of 
greater Kansas City 1,240 pupils to enter 
upon the study of teacher training courses, 
September 29, 1908. Beginning at this date 
there will be time to pursue the course, stand 
the examinations and report before the Cen- 
tennial convention in October, 1909. It has 
been determined, therefore, to make this 
Eally day, upon which to begin all classes 
which can not begin sooner, and the day on 
which Missouri is to have 10,000 people 
studying teacher training. 

To secure this end we will wage a vigorous 
campaign. We want to use as much system- 
atic effort and as much enthusiasm as Kan- 
sas and Illinois combined have done, and we 
expect to have 10,000 pupils, not promised, 
but actually studying, on October 1, 1908. 

We call attention to the fact that in order 
to reach the 10,000 in Illinois and Kansas, 
the state workers received the enthusiastic 
support of the leading men of their states. 
We shall conndently count on Missouri's 
men to give the same kind of support. 

With the sentiment what it is for teacher 
training, with the Centennial before us, and 
the example of sister states inspiring us to 
greater efforts, and with the greater broth- 
erhood of Missouri to draw our pupils from, 
we should surely pass the 10,000 mark by 
October 1. J. H. Hardin, Supt. 

o. H. Bryan, Associate. 

® @ 

Missouri and Adult Bible Classes, 

It is the purpose of the Missouri Christian 
Bible School Association to have one thou- 
sand organized Adult Bible classes in our 
churches in Missouri by October 1, 1908. 
To do this will in no wise detract from the 
interest in the campaign for 10,000 teacher 
training pupils by the same date. When the 
grown folks are rallied into the Bible school 
they are in a good position to be won into 
the training class. 

The special campaign for these classes 
was begun after the Louisville convention 
of the International Association, and so pop- 
ular is the movement that 150 classes were 
promised during the first week. Besides 
these, we have now many classes, such as the 
Baraca and Philathea classes, which are or- 
ganized up to international standards. These 
need but to be enrolled. We therefore have, 
with those promised the first week, about 
250 classes. With this start we should reach 
the 1,000 all right. 

What is an organized class? To reach the 
International standard the class must have, 
besides its teacher, a president, a vice-presi- 
dent, a secretary and a treasurer, and three 
committees, membership, social and devo- 
tional. Through the membership committee 

thousands of organized classes have more 
than doubled their membership, and some 
have grown from four or five members to 
20, 40, 60, 100 and 200 members. All great 
Adult classes are organized classes. The 
social committee makes it possible to so use 
the personal influence of the members of the 
class that it will be used to draw adults into 
the school and to make the class "social to 
save. ' ' 

The devotional^ or spiritual, committee is 
the one which is to oe credited with the fact 
that out of the original Baraca class there 
have been 350 men led to Christ in a little 
over a decade. 

This minimum of organization has been 
decided upon after the fullest conferences 
with the leaders of all the organized Adult 
class -movements and men 's brotherhoods, 
etc., etc., in the world. Our own W. C. 
Pearce is the national superintendent of the 
Adult department. 

It is the plan with us to undertake to or- 
ganize up to the standards given above all 
classes of pupils 16 years old and over, hold- 
ing that if organization is good for one class 
it is good for all. 

The benefits of the work and the methods 
by which it may be made a success in the 
individual class will be published from time 
to time. 

As this is a movement which proposes to 
furnish every preacher not one, but a dozen 
or more, assistant pastors, ' ' free gratis, for 
nothing, ' ' we expect the heartiest co-opera- 
tion on the part of our ministry in pushing 
this campaign. J. H. Bryan, 

Supt, Adult Dept. 311 Century Bldg., Kan- 
sas City, Mo. 

% @ 
The Welcome Bible Class. 

The Welcome Bible Class of the First 
Christian Church of Little Eock, Arkansas, 
whose picture is herewith presented, is a 
good example of what can be accomplished 
by organization. 

Mr. Pray had been teaching a class of 
married ladies for about a year, with an 
average attendance of five members, when 
he decided to organize this class. After 
submitting the proposition to the class it 
was decided to have a social to which pros- 
pective members were to b3 invited and at 
which the organization was to be effected. 
This plan was carried out, and on the night 
of November 14, 1907, Mr. Pray's class en- 
tertained the Men's Bible Class, of which 
the pastor, J. N. Jessup, is teacher. A 
ladies' class organized with 11 charter mem- 
bers. A president, vice-president, secretary 
and treasurer were elected and constitution 
and by-laws adopted. The class selected for 
a name "The Welcome Bible Class of the 
First Christian Church " ; for a motto, ' ' We 

can best serve Christ by truly serving oth- 
ers. ' ' 

The Welcome Class then challengeu the 
Men's Class to a contest for membership. 
'Ine penalty was that the class defeated at 
the end of six months should give a ban- 
quet and act as waiters for the winning 
class. The men's class accepted the chal- 
lenge and a spirited contest began Novem- 
ber 17. The interest of the contest was 
heightened by the fact that it was a neck 
to neck race. Sometimes the ladies' class 
and at other times the men's class would 
be in the lead. At the closing Sunday of 
the contest, May 15, 1908, the Welcome 
Class had seventy-six present and the Twen- 
tieth Century Bible Class had forty- three; 
the men's class being defeated by one hun- 
dred and twelve points. The result of the 
contest can be seen in an increased attend- 
ance and in the enthusiasm of all depart- 
ments of the Sunday-school and especially 
the senior department. 

On Easter Sunday the Welcome Class 
gave $80 to the building fund of the new 
church, and they have now started a fund 
for equipping a class room when the new 
church is completed. The teacher and class 
feel proud of the record they have made, 
considering the fact that the teacher is 
greatly handicapped in teaching the lesson 
Dy the crowded condition of the Sunday- 
school, and the members of the class, being 
married ladies, have the usual duties of the 
housewife to attend to on Sunday morn- 
ing. In spite of this tact, however, a ma- 
jority of the members are present on time. 

The class has three working committees 
and is fortunate in having an earnest and 
conscientious president and a hard-work- 
ing secretary. They also have a class 
sponsor, Dr. J. B. Lewis, who has aided 
materially in the results accomplished by 
the class. 

A social is held monthly as a reception 
for new members and to promote a social 
spirit among the members of the class. 
While the class has been fortunate in the 
selection of its officers, still its success hai 
not been due to the work of a lew, bat 
to the hearty co-operation of the entire class. 

The members of the Welcome Class are 
not satisfied with the results accomplished 
so far, but are planning ior still greater 
things. They expect to more than double 
their present membership when they get in- 
to their new room. Their object, as stated, 
is Bible study and development along in- 
tellectual, spiritual and philanthropic lines. 
They expect their class to be a recruiting 
class for teachers of the Sunday-school, to 
be an aid to their pastor, and to quicken 
the spiritual life of the church by creating 
an interest in the study of the Bible in 
their homes. R. F. Pray. 

R. F. Pray's "Welcome" Bible Class, Little Rock, Ark. 




July 23, 1903. 


We have not stopped to count just how 
many of our churches throughout the land 
have a long history behind them. Few 
have been brought to our notice that can 
go back in their records over a continuous 
period exceeding seventy-five years, but 
there are a number that have passed that 
anniversary, and others that are near to 
celebrating the seventy-fifth year of their 
beginning. Two such celebrations have just 
occurred in the state of Indiana, one at Vin- 
cennes, and the other at Indianapolis. This 
week we attempt to give some account of 
the Central Christian Church in the last 
named city, and will follow with an account 

Pounds, were sung. David Walk, the preach 
er at the time of the fiftieth anniversary, 
was present to give his recollections. W. 
L. Hayden spoke on ' ' Early Teachings of 
the Fathers, ' ' Dr. A. R. Benton on ' ' Early 
Families of the Church, ' ' Dr. L. H. Jame 
son on ' ' The Impressions of a Boy Nine 
Years Old of the Disciples' Church and its 
Environment in 1833," U. C. Brewer, a 
former pastor, on ' ' Our Church and Educa- 
tion in Indiana,'' while A. L. Orcutt lead 
the devotions, and there was an open con- 
ference upon ' ' Early Recollections of the 
Pioneers." The present pastor, Dr. Allen 
B. Philputt, read the historical sketch, and 

Central Christian Church, Indianapolis. 

of the church at Vincennes. For what we 
have to say we are indebted to the present 
pastors of these churches, each of whom 
delivered a special message on the occasion 
of the anniversary. 

The celebration at Indianapolis was on 
June 12, exactly seventy-five years to the 
day from the first organization effected by 
the brethren of our Reformation in that city. 
Some special hymns by those intimately as- 
sociated with the church, such as D. R. Lu- 
cas, L. H. Jameson, and Jessie Brown 

on the following Sunday preached a sermon 
on ' ' The Diamond Jubilee. ' ' 

Brother Philputt acknowledged his indebt- 
edness for the history of the church, up to 
its fiftieth anniversary, to Love H. Jame 
son, who, upon the occasion of that anni- 
versary, read a sketch which fortunately 
was preserved and through the kindness of 
David Walk filed anions* the archives of the 
church. According to this, it appears that 
the first preaching of the restoration prin- 
ciples in Indianapolis was iu 1822, more 

than ten years before the organization of 
the church by one John McClung, who had 
come out under the preaching of Barton 
W. Stone, of Kentucky. He died the week 
following the first sermon that he preached, 
and his body lies buried some two miles 
above the city, on Fall Creek, unmarked, 
and now unknown. There were but a few 
families in those days who met around their 
cabins to hear some itinerant preacher from 
Ohio or Kentucky, who would come out 
to preach, and perhaps to make himself a 
home in the wilderness. From 1822 to 1830 
a small Christian Church was organized at 
Old Union, in the western part ot Marion 
county, by Jesse Frazier. This church long 
ago passed away, but in its immediate vicin- 
ity two churches, at Clermont and Ebenezer. 
exist, which were organized largely from 
descendants of charter members of the Old 
Union congregation. 

It was in 1832 that Dr. John H. San- 
ders, of New Castle, Ky., located in India- 
napolis, a deeply religious man, who had 
entered fully into what was then called the 
Reformation, before he left Kentucky. He 
hunted up his brethren wherever they were 
to be found, doing everything to encourage 
them to stand fast in the faith. He found 
cordial coadjutors in Butler K. Smith and 
his brother, Cary Smith. 

It was in the course of the winter of 1832- 
33, at the instance of Dr. Sanders, that John 
O'Kane first came to Indianapolis. Al- 
though a man of appearance and address, the 
houses of public worship in the town were 
closed against him. He preached several 
nights in a small log cabin, the residence 
of Benjamin Roberts, on the east side of 
Illinois street, a few paces north of Market. 
On the Lord 's day, however, he was able to 
preach to a large audience in the Court 
House, where the Legislature was assembled, 
and the people discovered that views that 
had been treated with derision were capable 
of masterly defense. The occasion of Irs 
first visit was the baptism of Miss Zerilda 
Sanders, daughter of Dr. Sanders, and Mrs. 
Rebecca Smith, the wife of Cary Smith, 
These two were the first fruits of the gos- 
pel in Indianapolis, as declared by the Re- 
formers. In the following spring, John 
O 'Kane, with Michael Combs, visited India- 
napolis again, and eight persons were bap- 
tized. The brethren met in Benjamin Rob- 
erts' log cabin, and organized with an en- 
rollment of twenty ' ' The Church of Christ 
in Indianapolis, ' ' taking the Xew Testa- 
ment as their only system of practice, ant 
agreeing to make it the rule of their lives. 
It is from about this time the Sunday-scho.n 
dates. The records of the church were im- 
perfectly kept, but it is known that the 
brethren met every Lord's day. and have 
done so to this present time. During the 
remainder of the year, O 'Kane and Combs 
visited the church frequently, and there were 
other additions, a number of brethren visit- 
ing them until in 1S36 steps wore taken 
to build a house of worship. This not be- 
ing completed, early in 1S37 the church oc- 
cupied the old Seminary Building iu Uni- 
versity Park. There is no mention in the 
records of the time when the little baud 
began meeting in their own house of wor- 

In June of 1S39, the first state meeting 
was held at Indianapolis, Barton W. Stone, 
then living at Jacksonville, 111., being among 
those present. We had iu the state at that 
time about 150 churches, with 10,000 mem- 
bers. At the meeting in the following year 
John Smith, of Kentucky, was iu attend- 
ance. It was after Love H. Jameson be- 
came pastor of the church in 1S42 that the 
history of the congregation showed easier 
times. There was a membership of about 

July 23, 1908. 




62 active workers, and 60 on the roll who 
were indifferent. Old troubles were for- 
gotten, and the brethren agreed to give 
their pastor $300 a year and board for him- 
■elf and his family, with the privilege of 
holding occasional meetings elsewhere. At 
the close of his ministry, the membership 

gation of 1,650 on its church roll. Dr. Phil- 
putt has just had his tenth anniversary in 
the leadership of this church — years that 
have been both pleasant and productive. 
The church supports two missionaries in for- 
eign lands and one in the home land. It ob- 
serves all the missionary days of the church 

A. B. Philputt. 

was 375, and they had never paid him to 
exceed $500 a year during his ten years' 
Berviee. It was in 1853 that the congrega- 
tion entered their own house of worship 
at Delaware and Ohio. 

Samuel K. Hoshour preached the dedica- 
tory sermon. There was a succession of 
ministers, and a full list is given later in 
this sketch. At the time of the semi-centen- 
nial David Walk was the minister, and the 
condition of the church then was the best 
in its history up to that time. John E. 
Pounds and Dr. Jabez Hall served for a 
brief period prior to the coming of Allan B. 
Philputt, the present minister. An editorial 
in the "Indianapolis News" says that 
Brother Philputt has established himself not 
only in the hearts of his congregation, but 
of the whole city. The present handsome 
building, which will have to be enlarged in 
some way, is on Delaware and Walnut 

In 1869 the Second Church, composed of 
colored brethren, was organized; the Third 
Church was organized January 1, 1869, with 
Elijah Goodwin as pastor; in 1867 the 
Fourth Church was organized, its charter 
members being largely from the Central 
Church ; in 1869 Olive Branch was organized, 
and in 1875 the Sixth Church came into ex- 
istence. At the time of the semi-centennial 
there were 1,500 members in the city, half 
of them being in the Central Church. Now 
our membership in Indianapolis exceeds 
6,000, and the Central Church has a congre- 

year. In the recent campaign for the en- 
dowment of Butler College the sum of 
$23,000 was contributed by its members. In 
closing this sketch the pastor said : "I dare 
not say that we are doing all that we ought, 
but this is not the time to speak of that. We 
rejoice to-day in the good favor of our God 
and can truly say, hitherto hath the Lord 
helped us, and here we raise our Ebenezer. ' ' 
The following are the names of the pas- 
tors from the organization to the present 
time: Chauncy Butler, Love H. Jameson, 
James M. Mathes, Love H. Jameson, Elijah 
Goodwin, Perry Hall, O. A. Burgess, W. F. 
Black, Joseph B. Cleaver, Urban C. Brewer, 
David Walk, Edwin J. Gantz, Daniel E. 
Lucas, John E. Pounds, Jabez Hall (act- 
ing), Allan B. Philputt. 

John O'Kane. 

On the front page of The Christian- 
Evangelist we present this week the like- 
ness of one of the most distinguished of our 
pioneer evangelists, much of whose work was 
done in the state of Indiana, and who was 
intimately associated with the founding of 
our cause in Indianapolis and the successful 
planting of the church whose diamond an- 
niversary we report above. In addition to 
his reputation as" an evangelist, his name will 
be connected with the founding of North- 
Western Christian University, now Butler 

John O'Kane was born in the state of 
Virginia, in the year 1802. He was of a 
tall, straight, bony, Indian like structure, 
and though of Irish extraction and abund- 
antly profuse in the effusions of the wit of 
his ancestry, he was distinctly, too, an 
American. His intellectual combinations 
were remarkable. He was powerful in argu- 
ment, sublime in flights of fancy, quick in 
his witty sarcasm and ready repartee, while 
he had a magnetism with an audience that 
made him a preacher of great power. 

An orthodox preacher refused to debate 
with him, but expressed his willingness to 
meet Campbell or some leader of the Refor- 
mation. Fixing his keen eye on the 
preacher, and pointing his long finger, after 
the manner of John Randolph, he exclaimed: 
"You? You debate with Alexander Camp- 
bell? Why, if one of his ideas should get 
into your head it would explode like a bomb- 
shell! " 

© $ 

Great Picnic at Havana, 111. 

On June 26, Disciples, their families and 
friends of Central Illinois to the number 
of more than two thousand gathered at 
Chautauqua Grounds near Havana for tha 
second annual reunion and picnic. The day 
was ideal, the grounds of sixty-five acres at 
their best, and the committees having fck** 
affair in charge covered themselves with 
glory. Three railroad trains, one each from 
Peoria, Springfield and Jacksonville, pulled 
into Chautauaua station simultaneously, 
later trains adding to the crowds, and not 
an idle moment intervened between arrival 
and their departure about 5:30 o'cloek. 

An unusual array of sports baseball, bas- 
ket ball, lawn tennis, croquet, etc., on the 
athletic field occupied the forenoon, while 
immediately after dinner the large steel au- 
ditorium was filled to overflowing to listen 
to the splendid program. J. Fred Jones, the 
genial secretary of Illinois Christian Mis- 
sionary Society, was master of ceremonies, 
and performed his task in his usual ' ' happy 
go lucky" style. H. H. Peters, Field Secre- 
tary of Eureka College, talked for seven or 
eight minutes on "Our Centennial Aims," 
delivering his address in characteristic style 
by the shortest route — and when he arrived 
at_ his destination he stopped. President 
Hieronymus was moderator of a thirty min- 
ute drill-down contest between classes of 
Jacksonville and Springfield. Clarence De- 
pew, the "live wire" of