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Chronic Diseases, 






OF 1835, BY 






; [! -^, \ «9fi 










T. B. & H. B. COCHRAN, 








Sycosis 83 

SYPH11.1S 87 

Psora 97 


Agaricus Muscarius 161 


Ammonium Carbonicum , 231 

Ammonium Muriaticum 259 

Anacardium OrienTai^k 277 

Antimonium Crudum 302 

Arsenicum Ai.bum 320 

Aurum . . . 371 

Aurum Muriaticum 391 

Baryta Carbonica 392 

Borax Veneta 421 

Cai^carea Carbonica 440 

Carbo Animai^is - 495 

Carbo VegetabiIvIS 519 

Causticum 558 

C1.EMATIS Erecta 608 

C01.0CYNTHIS 615 


Cuprum 657 

DiGiTAEis Purpurea 671 

Dulcamara 693 

EuPHORBiuM 708 

Graphites 718 

guajacum 755 

Hepar Suephuris Caecareum 762 

lODIUM 783 

Kaei Carbonicum 80s 


Lycopodii Poi.i.e:n 859 

Magnesia Carbonica 910 

Magnesia Muriatica 943 

Manganum 970 

Mezereum 989 

muriaticum acidium ioi2 

Natrum Carbonicum 1033 

Natrum Muriaticum 107 1 

NiTRI ACIDUM 1 1 16 


Petroi<eum 1187 

Phosphorus 1210 

Phosphoricum Acidum 1273 

Pl^ATlNA I30I 

sarsaparii.i.a 1322 

Sepia 1342 

SiwcEA Terra 1397 

Stannum 1437 

SUI.PHUR 1460 

SUI.PHURICUM Acidum 1525 

ZiNCUM 1542 

INDEX 1591 


The translation here submitted to the public is the second trans- 
lation of this work into English, it having before this been rendered 
by Dr. Charles J. Hempel and published by Wm. Radde in the years 
1845-6. When it was proposed to reprint this translation, there was 
a strong protest made against the old version on the ground of its 
being to some degree inexact, and on account of its omitting not only 
the initials of the provers but besides this, also a great number of 
symptoms. These complaints have been proved well founded, 
especially with respect to the latter part of the work. We have 
taken a hundred symptoms at random here and there and compared 
them with the original, with the following results: in Alumina 555- 
655 we found only the omission of a part of symptom 556 and a 
partial omission and joining together of symptoms 617 and 618. So 
also in Graphites there is no omission except 53 (a repetition) in the 
first hundred, nor any other until we reach 200, 201 and 202 which 
are omitted. In the first hundred of Nitri acidum, however, we find 
13 omissions, namely 6, 30, 32, 37, 38, 40, 43, 45, 59, 64, 65, 67 
and 69. So also in Zincum from 1135 to 1235 we find 10 omissions, 
i.e., 1136, 1138, 1152, 1170, 1187, 1197, 1207, 1220, 1222, 1225 and 
1235; while 1 153, 1 195 and 1295 have one-half of their substance 
omitted. Between 1236 and 1335 there are 23 omissions, namely 1245, 
1269, 1278, 1288, 1290, 1292, 1293, 1294, 1297, 1298, 1299, 1302, 
1303, 1305, 1306, 1308, 1313, 1316, 1320, 1324, 1331, 1332, 1335. 
while one-half of the substance of symptoms 1287, 1296, 1312, 1315 
and 1325 is omitted; showing the omission in this extreme case of 
over one-fourth. The omissions are rather impartially distributed. 
about one-third of the above omissions being S3^mptoms of Hahne- 
mann, fully one- third, those due to Nenning and the other third, 
distributed impartially among the various other provers. 

These omissions made a new translation necessar\% which was ac- 
cordingly made independent of that of Dr. Hempel, though the 
earlier translation was consulted especialh^ where there was any 
obscurity or ambiguity in the original. There is no question but 
that Hempel is right in what he says of the involved phraseology and 


the length}' periods of Hahnemann; still we did not think it best to 
follow his mode of rendering, which according to his preface consists 
in " mastering the sense of a period, and then embodying it in a free 
manner in the foreign tongue." We have preferred to follow in this 
respect the example set by Dr. Dudgeon in his admirable translation 
of the Materia Medica Pura (London, 1880); he has faithfully 
rendered not only the ideas but also the expressions of Hahnemann. 
It is onh' by thus closeh^ following the author, that we shall be sure 
to reproduce the ideas of the author and, indeed, in their own setting 
and thus in their native vigor and in the author's own original style. 
We have accordingh' preserved the long periods of Hahnemann and 
his own precise, if sometimes redundant, phraseolog}' ; though, of 
course, it was necessar}^ to invert the periods and to arrange the 
phrases into the English order. 

This applies chiefly to the first theoretic part of the work, and in 
this part we would especialh' acknowledge the able assistance of Dr. 
Pemberton Dudley, who has taken care that too close a clinging to 
the German original might be avoided. 

We have generally endeavored to translate the same German 
word b}' the same English word, except where words have several 
meanings. A few particulars may here be mentioned. The 
frequently recurring adjective drueckend, which by Dr. Hempel is 
usually rendered with '' aching " and by Dr. Dudgeon with "press- 
ive " or with " aching," we have uniformly rendered with pressive; 
while we use " ache " to translate the German ivch. There area 
few words which require a varied translation according to the 
context: Brust is used both for "chest" and for "the female 
breast," so that ^.^. die rechte Brust ma}" mean either "the right 
breast" or "the right side of the chest;" Hals means either 
' ' throat " or " neck;" Schenkel may mean either ' ' the thigh, " " the 
leg " or " the whole lower limb," though for these parts usually the 
more specific terms Oberscheyikel , Unterschenkel and Bein are used; 
Gesicht means either "face" or "sight." We have taken care to 
translate these terms according to the context in every case, though 
the learned reader will remember that in some of these cases there is 
a little ambiguity. One of the German terms which seems to have no 
good English equivalent is Eiytgejioimneji with respect to the head. 
It means literally ' ' occupied ' ' and describes the sensation produced 
in the head by a cold, where the parts are as it were benumbed and 
incapacitated from acting freely. Dr. Hempel has usually described 
this state of the head by "obtusion," Dr. Dudgeon usually by 
* ' confusion " or " muddled feeling. ' ' We have usually rendered it 
with " benumbed feeling," though as none of these terms was quite 


satisfactor}', we have also sometimes used ' ' muddled feeling ' ' or 
" obtuseness." 

As was done in the Materia Medica Pura published in lyondon, 
so we have also in this work printed the names of old school authori- 
ties cited with small capitals, while the names of other provers are 
in italics, so that it may be seen at a glance, whether the symptom 
w^as produced b}^ an intentional proving (or from clinical experience) , 
or whether it was the result of accidental poisoning or an overdose 
by an observer of the old school. 

The Antipsoric Medicines have been annotated by Dr. Richard 
Hughes, of Bath, England, who in the course of his researches found 
occasion to rectify the numbers referring to the pages, etc. of a 
number of the citations. These at his suggestion were at first 
merel}^ entered in the translation instead of the figures given by 
Hahnemann; but on second thought, it seemed more useful to give 
them among the other notes given by Dr. Hughes, as showing his 
diligence and the care given by him to these particulars. 

While there seemed to be no necessity for an index to the Antip- 
soric Medicines, since this is furnished in the various repertories, 
especially in that of Boenninghausen, it was thought useful to have 
an index to the first or theoretical part, and this was accordingly 
prepared hy the translator. 



I have been desired, by the publishers of this new translation of 
Hahnemann's Chronic Diseases, to exercise a certain editorial super- 
intendence over what may be called the Materia Medica section of 
the work. I shall do this mainly by notes appended to each patho- 
genesis; but in the present place I desire to state what is known in 
a general way about the symptom-lists in question,-'^ and what I pro- 
pose to do for them as they severall}^ appear in the following pages. 

I. In 1 82 1 Hahnemann had been compelled to leave Leipsic, and. 
in difficulty where to find a place in which he could practice in 
freedom, had been offered an asylum in the little country town of 
Coethen. Thither he repaired, and there he remained till his removal 

* The information we have on this subject is fully given at page 31 of the later editions 
of my Pharmacodynamics. My present statement is based upon what is written there. 


to Paris in 1835. He now ceased to attend acute disease, save in the 
family of his patron, the reigning Duke. But his fame brought him 
for consultation chronic sufferers from all parts; and the varied, 
shifting, and obstinate morbid states under which so many men and 
women labour were pressed closely upon his attention. The result 
was the theory of chronic disease which (in its latest shape) will 
be found in these pages, and which traces so many of its forms to a 
"psoric" origin. To meet the manifold disorders thus induced it 
seemed to him that a new set of remedies were required. Accord- 
ingly, of the three volumes of the first edition of the present work 
published in 1828, the two latter contained what seem to be path- 
ogeneses of fifteen medicines hitherto strange to his Materia Medica 
Pura, and in some cases to any Materia Medica whatever. These 
medicines were 

Ammonium carbonicum, Magnesia muriatica. 

Baryta carbonica, Natrum carbonicum, 

Calcarea carbonica, Nitri acidum, 

Graphites, Petroleum, 

lodiumx, Phosphorus, 

Lycopodium, Sepia, 

Magnesia carbonica, Silicea, 

The pathogeneses of the foregoing (I assume them to be such 
from the analogy of the corresponding symptom-lists of the Materia 
Medica Pura; but they are not avowedly so) appear without a word 
of explanation as to how the symptoms were obtained, and without 
acknowledgment (as in the previous work) of fellow- observers. The 
absence of anj^ co-operation on the part of others is further to be in- 
ferred from what we are told of the first announcement of the work. 
After six years of solitude at Coethen, Hahnemann *' summoned 
thither his two oldest and most esteemed disciples, Drs. Stapf and 
Gross, and communicated to them his theory of the origin of chronic 
diseases, and his discovery of a completely new series of medicaments 
for their cure.'' So wTites Dr. Dudgeon.* This was in 1827. That 
he should now first reveal these new remedies, and in the following 
year should publish copious lists of their pathogenetic effects, con- 
firms the inference to be drawn from his position and from his silence 
as to fellow-observers. He was himself between seventy and eighty 
years old, and it is hardly likely that he did anything at this time in 
the way of proving on his own person. We are compelled to the 
conclusion that he drew these symptoms mainly — if not entirely — 

* Lectures on Homoeopathy^ p. xxx. 


from the sufferers from chronic disease who flocked to his retreat to 
avail themselves of his treatment. 

The prefatory notices to the several medicines still further sub- 
stantiate this view, and throw^ some light on the doses with which 
the symptoms were obtained. He recommends all the medicines to 
be given in the dilutions from the i8th to the 30th (save Magnesia 
muriatica and Natrum carbonicum, of which he advises the 6th and 
12th respectively); and repeatedly makes some such remark as this: 
" For a long time past I have given the 6th, 9th and T2th potencies, 
but found their effects too violent." Occasionally, too, he must have 
used the second and third triturations; as he speaks of having begun 
by giving a "small portion of a grain " of these, but, as this was an 
indefinite quantity, having subsequentl}' dissolved and attenuated 
them. He mentions cases, moreover, in which he treated itch wdth 
Carbo vegetabilis and Sepia of the latter strength. 

We may conclude, therefore, that it is these " violent effects " of 
the attenuations from the 2d to the 12th, experienced by the sufferers 
from chronic disease who took them, which make up the bulk — if 
not the whole — of the symptoms of the first issue of the Chronic 

In 1830 there appeared a third volume (making the fourth of the 
first edition) of symptom-lists, appended to two more new medicines — 
Kali carbonicum and Natrum muriaticum, and to five others — Carbo 
animalis and vegetabilis, Causticum, Conium and Sulphur — which 
had already found place in the Materia Medica Piira. Of the new^ 
ones we are told that two persons co-operated in obtaining the patho- 
genesis of Kali carbonicum and three in that of Natrum muriaticum — 
in the case of the latter the symptoms being obtained from health}- 
persons taking globules saturated with the 30th dilution.^ Fresh 
associates are also acknowledged with regard to Conium. A new^ 
character is thus imprinted on the symptoms standing under the 
names of the several medicines, and it continues wath respect to 
those contained in the second edition of the Chro7iic Diseases, pub- 
lished 1835-9, which is that here translated. Besides the twenty- 
two medicines of the first edition it contains twenty-five others, of 
which thirteen are new, and twelve had already appeared in the 
Materia Medica Piira. The new ones are: 

Agaricus, Clematis, 

Alumina, Cuprum, 

Ammonium muriaticum, Euphorbium. 

Anacardium, Mezereum, 

* A specimen of these proviugs may be seen in the ^fo>^fhly Hoin. Rtviciv 
for 1889, p. 517. 


Antimonium crudum. Nitrum, 

Borax, Platina, 

Sulphuris acidum. 
The old ones are: 

Arsenicum, Hepar sulphuris, 

Aurum . Manganum , 

Colocynth, Muriatis acidum, 

Digitalis, Phosphori acidum, 

Dulcamara, Sarsaparilla. 

Guaiacum, Stannum. 

Those pathogeneses which had already seen the light have 
(generally ) large additions; for all Hahnemann acknowledges con- 
tributions from fellow-observers, and for many cites symptoms from 
the extant literature of his day. The total number of these last is 

There are, it is evident, fresh features in the pathogeneses of 
this second edition; and there are more than appear on the surface. 
Hahnemann's own additions, indeed, must be of the same character 
as his contributions to the first; i. e., they must be collateral effects 
of the drugs observed on the patients to whom he gave them. They 
must all, moreover, be supposed to have resulted from the 30th dilu- 
tion; for since 1829 he had urged the administration of all medicines 
at this potency-. The same thing must be said of the contributions from 
Hahnemann's friends to this edition. They may fairl}' be conceived to 
have been provings on themselves or other healthy persons, save 
where, as in Wahle's symptoms of Mezereum and Hering's of Arsenic, 
the internal evidence is strong in the contrar}' direction. But they must 
in all cases have been evoked from the 30th dilution; for in the edition 
of the Organon published in 1833 Hahnemann recommends all prov- 
ings to be made therewith, as yielding the best results. We have seen 
that the symptoms of Xatrum muriaticum contributed by others to the 
fourth volume of the first edition were so obtained; and we may 
fairly extend the inference to all provings subsequently made. It is 
otherwise, however, with the provings first published in the Materia 
Medica Pura, in the present edition so largeh' incorporated with 
those of later origin. These seem, from the scant}' information we 
have, to have been made with mother tinctures and first tritura- 
tions — repeated small doses being taken until some effect was pro- 
duced. Hahnemann was further able, at this time, to draw upon 
independent sources of drug-pathogenesy. Hartlaub and Trinks 
had published a Materia Medica of their own. Stapf had begun to 
issue his journal known as the Archiv, and many provings adorned 
its pages. Lasth", outside the Homoeopathic school. Professor Joerg, 


of I^eipsic, was following in Hahnemann's track and proving medi- 
cines on himself and his students. Of all these materials Hahne- 
mann availed himself in the present work, which thus presents a 
complex whole, made up of ver}^ heterogeneous elements, and need- 
ing analysis that it maj^ be appraised and used aright. 

II. It is the giving such analysis that will constitute my editorial 
task. It will fall into the following categories: 

1 . In the preface to each medicine Hahnemann gives a list of 
names of " fellow-observers." To this I shall append a note, stating 
whether these were provers of the later or earlier times, in which 
case the manner of their experimentation is to be learned from what 
I have written above; or whether their observations already existed 
in print, and what information we have respecting them. 

2. In the pathogeneses themselves, the first time an author is 
cited I shall state the nature of his contribution to the subject (sup- 
posing his work to have been accessible to me). Then — having 
examined his symptoms in situ — I shall append to each one that 
requires it such explanation or correction as may be necessary to set 
it forth in its full meaning and value. 

3. The foregoing information, and any other I may be able to 
supply as to individual symptoms,* will be found in notes at the 
bottom of the page, designated by the small figures 1,2, etc., and 
divided by a line from Hahnemann's own annotations, which have 
the usual *, f, etc. But while I have left untouched in the text the 
pathogenetic phenomena themselves, I have used greater freedom 
with the references to medical literature. These sometimes require 
correction, more frequently explanation — especiall}^ when transferred 
from the Materia Medica Pura or from Hartlaub and Trinks' work, 
in which case Hahnemann has practised omission to a very large 
extent, leaving those curious in the matter to refer to the previous 
publications. I have thought that the present volume would be 
more complete in itself, and more worthy of its author, were the 
references fully as well as rightly given; and have supplied them 

Brighton, England. 

*See, for instance, notes to S. 114 of Colocynth and to S. 82 and 85 of 



Whatever estimate Science may finally place upon the discover- 
ies and doctrines of Hahnemann, and whatever measure of confidence 
in his therapeutic belief Posterit}^ may accord or withhold, his per- 
sonality and work have achieved a position which must render them 
perpetuall)^ historic. His teachings have been so interwoven with 
the entire fabric of medical progress during the last hundred years» 
and are so interlaced with the formative development of the incom- 
ing century, that neither the wear and tear of time nor the dissec- 
tions of criticism will ever be able to dissociate them. They are 
destined, inevitably, to run through the texture of every page in 
the future annals of medicine. 

In the development of therapeutic art Hahnemann's position is 
more than niereh^ transitional. He proclaims both an epoch and an 
era; he represents both discovery and progress. To-day, as a hun- 
dred 3^ears ago, he holds in one hand the past, in the other the 
future of medical achievement. The future historian, crossing the 
chasm between the medicine of speculative hypothesis and that based 
on, observation of clinical and pharmaco-d3mamic phenomena, will 
unfailingl}' recognize Hahnemann's agency in bringing about that 
remarkable transformation in medical thought and practice. And 
no exposition of Hahnemann's tenets, no rendition of his literary 
works, which fails to note and consider their historical relations and 
the historic individuality of their author, can be either adequate or 

In the task of setting forth in the English tongue the works of 
Hahnemann, it thus becomes necessar}^ not merel}' to note carefully 
the doctrines promulgated and the facts presented, but to exhibit 
also, so far as his recorded words express, and the resources of our 
own language enable us, the depth of the impression which his ob- 
ser\-ations and discoveries must have produced upon his own mind, 
as well as the intensity of conviction, the earnestness of feeling, and 
the energj' of demonstration, which characterize all his controversial 
writings. Long after his lineaments shall have faded from the can- 
vas, his intellectual personality will survive in his literar}^ creations 
and constitute an important feature of the medical chronicles of his 
time. To modify or disguise his modes of thought and expression, 
or to suppress the peculiarities of his literary style, would be an un- 
pardonable distortion of the most pre-eminent figure in all medical 


111 that portion of this work in which Hahnemann considers the 
Nature and the Treatment of Chronic Diseases in general, and of 
Psora in particular, the reader will discover several peculiarities of 
style, some of which are not at all common to our English polemi- 
cal literature. Among these we may mention: (i,) his long, and 
often involved, sentences; (2,) his exceedingly frequent employ- 
ment of parenthetical clauses and sentences, and his not infrequent 
use of the parenthesis within a parenthesis; (3, ) his multiplicit}^ of 
iterations and reiterations — occurring twice or thrice in a single para- 
graph; sometimes twice in the same sentence — ; (4,) his frequent in- 
terjection of \vords and phrases expressing anew some minor fea- 
ture of the subject under discussion, but forming no part of the dis- 
cussion itself; (5,) his introduction of qualifying words and phrases 
in certain peculiar and unusual connections, likely to escape the no- 
tice of the casual or careless reader, but evidently intended by the 
author to be taken at their full significance and importance and to 
constitute an essential element of the discussion. It may be said, 
in passing, that the failure to note this last-mentioned characteristic 
of Hahnemann's method has occasioned much misunderstanding of 
his doctrines. 

No attempt has been made to render this work, or any portion 
of it, a model of concise perspicuity. On the contrary, the aim has 
been to retain, rather than to eliminate, the characteristic style of 
the original text, in order that every point in the discussion, and 
every shade of meaning should, if possible, be rendered exactly as 
the author has expressed it. The careful student, certainly the in- 
telligent admirer, of Hahnemann could not be content with a mere 
transcription of his views and observations, but must insist on the 
opportunit}^ to become familiar with his intellectual personality as 
he looks out upon the present-day world through the medium of his 
literary productions. 

PhiIvAdelphia, 1896. 



If I did not know for what purpose I was put here on earth — to 
become better myself as far as possible and to make better everything 
around me, that is within my power to improve — I should have to 
consider myself as lacking ver}^ much in worldly prudence to make 
known for the common good, even before my death, an art which I 
alone possess, and which it is within my power to make as profit- 
able as possible by simply keeping it secret. 

But in communicating to the world this great discovery, I am 
sorry that I must doubt whether my contemporaries will compre- 
hend the logical sequence of these teachings of mine, and will fol- 
low them carefully and gain thereby the infinite benefits for suffering 
humanity which must inevitably spring from a faithful and accurate 
observance of the same; or whether, frightened away by the unheard 
of nature of many of these disclosures, they will not rather leave 
them untried and uninitiated and, therefore useless. 

At least I cannot hope that these important communications will 
fare any better than the general Homoeopath}^ which I have pub- 
lished hitherto. From unbelief in the efficacy of the small and atten- 
uated doses of medicine which I made known to the medical world 
after a thousand warning trials, as being the most efficient, (distrust- 
ing my faithful asseverations and reasons), men prefer to endanger 
their patients for years longer with large and larger doses. Owing 
to this, they generallj' do not live to see the curative effects, even as 
was the case with myself before I attained this diminution of dose. 
The cause of this was, that it was overlooked that these doses by 
their attenuation were all the more suitable for their Homoeopathic 
use, owing to the development of their d3mamic power of operation. 

What would men have risked if they had at once followed m>- 
directions in the beginning, and had made use of just these small 


doses from the first ? Could anything worse have happened than 
that these doses might have proved inefficient ? They surely could 
do no harm! But in their injudicious, self-willed application of large 
doses for homoeopathic use they onh^, in fact 07ily once again, went 
over that roundabout road so dangerous to their patients, in order to 
reach the truth which I myself had already successfully passed over, 
and indeed with trembling, so as to save them this trouble; and if 
thej^ reall}^ desired to heal, they were nevertheless at last compelled to 
arrive at the only true goal, after having inflicted manj^ an injury and 
wasted a good part of their fair life. All this I had already laid be- 
fore them faithfully and frankly, and had long before given them 
the reasons. 

Ma}^ the}^ do better wdth the great discovery herewith presented 
to them ! And if the}^ should not treat this discovery any better — 
well, then a more conscientious and intelligent posterity will alone 
have the advantage to be obtained by a faithful, punctual observance 
of the teachings here laid down, of being able to deliver mankind 
from the numberless torments which have rested upon the poor sick, 
owing to the numberless, tedious diseases, even as far back as history 
extends. This great boon had not been put within their reach by 
what Homoeopathy had taught hitherto. 



We have no means of reaching with our senses or of gaining 
essential knowledge, as to the process of life in the interior of man, 
and it is only at times granted us to draw speculative conclusions 
from what is happening, as to the manner in which it may have oc- 
curred or taken place ; but we are unable to furnish conclusive proofs 
of our explanations, from the changes which are observed in the 
inorganic kingdom; for the changes in living organic subjects have 

* The work on the " Chronic Diseases " was originally published in five parts and every 
part, except the second, had its own preface, discussing some questions of general interest 
to Homoeopathj'. — Transl. 


nothing in common with those taking place in what is inorganic, 
since they take place by processes entirely different. 

It is, therefore, quite natural, that in presesenting the Homoeo- 
pathic Therapeutics I did not venture to explain how the cure of 
diseases is effected by operating on the patient with substances 
possessing the power to excite very similar morbid symptoms in 
healthy persons. I furnished, indeed, a conjecture about it, but I 
did not desire to call it an explanation, i. <?., a definite explanation 
of the modus operandi. Nor was this at all necessary, for it is only 
incumbent upon us to cure similar symptoms correctly and success- 
fully, according to a law of nature which is being constantly con- 
firmed; but not to boast with abstract explanations, while we leave 
the patients uncured; for that is all which so-called physicians have 
hitherto accomplished. 

These physicians have made many objections to the explanation 
I have given, and they would have preferred to reject the whole 
homoeopathic method of curing (the only one possible), merely be- 
cause they were not satisfied with my efforts at explaining the mode 
of procedure which takes place in the interiors of man during a 
homoeopathic cure. 

I write the present lines, not in order to satisfy those critics, but 
in order that I may present to myself and to my successors, the 
genuine practical Homoeopaths, another and more probable attempt 
of this kind toward an explanation. This I present, because the 
human mind feels within it the irresistible, harmless and praise- 
worthy impulse, to give some account to itself as to the mode in 
which man accomplishes good by his actions. 

As I have elsewhere shown, it is undeniable, that our vital force, 
without the assistance of active remedies of human art, cannot over- 
come even the slight acute diseases (if it does not succumb to them) 
and restore some sort of health, without sacrificing a part (often a 
large part) of the fluid and the solid parts of the organism through 
a so-called crisis. How our vital force effects this, will ever remain 
unknown to us; but so much is sure, that this force cannot over- 
come even these diseases in a direct manner, nor without such sacri- 
fices. The Chronic Diseases, which spring from miasms, cannot be 
healed unaided, even by such sacrifices, nor can real health be 
restored by this force alone. But it is just as certain, that even if 
this force is enabled by the true (homoeopathic) healing art, guided 
by the human understanding, to overpower and overcome (to cure) 
not only the quickly transient but also the chronic diseases arising 
from miasms in a direct manner and without such sacrifices, without 
loss of body and life, nevertheless, it is always this power, the vital 


force, which conquers. It is in this case as with the army of a 
countr}^ which drives the enem3^ out of the country; this army ought 
to be called victorious, although it ma}^ not have won the victory 
without foreign auxiliaries. It is the organic vital force of our bod}^ 
which cures natural diseases of every kind directly and without any 
sacrifices, as soon as it is enabled b}" means of the correct (homoeo- 
pathic) remedies to win the victory. This force would not, indeed, 
have been able to conquer without this assistance; for our organic 
vital force, taken alone, is onh^ sufficient to maintain the unimpeded 
progress of life, so long as man is not morbidh^ affected b}^ the 
hostile operation of forces causing disease. 

Unassisted, the vital force is no match to these hostile powers; it 
hardlj^ opposes a force equal to the hostile operation, and this, indeed, 
with man}^ signs of its own sufferings (w^hich we call morbid symp- 
toms). By its own power, our \'ital force would never be able to 
overcome the foe of chronic disease, nor even to conquer transient 
diseases, without considerable losses inflicted on some parts of the 
organism, if it remained without external aid, without the assistance 
of genuine remedies. To give such support is the duty enjoined on 
the ph3\sician's understanding by the Presenter of life. 

As I have said above, our vital force hardly opposes an equal op- 
position to the foe causing the disease, and 3^et no enem\^ can be over- 
come except hy a superior force. Onl}^ homoeopathic medicine can 
give this superior power to the invalidated vital force. 

Of itself this vital principle, being onh^ an organic vital force in- 
tended to presence an undisturbed health, opposes only a weak 
resistance to the invading morbific enemy; as the disease grows and 
increases, it opposes a greater resistance, but at best, it is only an 
equal resistance; wnth weakly patients it is not even equal, but 
weaker. This force is neither capable, nor destined, nor created for 
an overpowering resistance, which will do no harm to itself. 

But if we physicians are able to present and oppose to this in- 
stinctive vital force its morbific enemy, as it were magnified through 
the action of homoeopathic medicines — even if it should be enlarged 
ever>' time only by a little — ^if in this w^ay the image of the morbific 
foe be magnified to the apprehension of the vital principle through 
homoeopathic medicines, which in a delusive manner simulate the 
original disease, we gradually cause and compel this instinctive 
\4tal force to increase its energies by degrees, and to increase them 
more and more, and at last to such a degree that it becomes far more 
powerful than the original disease. The consequence of this is, that 
the vital force again becomes sovereign in its domain, can again 
hold and direct the reins of sanitary progress, while the apparent 


increase of the disease caused bj^ homoeopathic medicines, disappears 
of itself, as soon as we, seeing the preponderance of the restored 
vital force, i. e., of the restored health, cease to use these remedies. 
The fund or the fundamental essence of this spiritual vital princi- 
ple, imparted to us men by the infinitely merciful Creator, is in- 
credibl}^ great, if we physicians understand how to maintain its 
integrity in days of health, by directing men to a health}^ mode of 
living, and how to invoke and augment it in diseases by purely homoeo- 
pathic treatment. 



Dilutions, properly so-called, exist almost solely in objects of 
taste and of color. A solution of salty and bitter substances becomes 
continually more deprived of its taste the more water is added, and 
eventually it has hardly any taste, no matter how much it may be 
shaken. So, also, a solution of coloring matter, by the admixture 
of more and more water, becomes at last almost colorless, and any 
amount of shaking will not increase its color. 

These are, and continue to be, real attenuations or dilutions, but 
no dynamizations. 

Homoeopathic Dynamizations are processes by which the medic- 
inal properties, which are latent in natural substances while in their 
crude state, become aroused, and then become enabled to act in an 
almost spiritual manner on our life; i. <?. , on our sensible and irritable 
fibre. This development of the properties of crude natural sub- 
stances (dynamization) takes place, as I have before taught, in the 
case of dry substances by means of trituration in a mortar, but in the 
case of fluid substances, by means of shaking or succussion, which is 
also a trituration. These preparations cannot be simply designated 
as dilutions, although every preparation of this kind, in order that it 
may be raised to a higher potency, i. c, in order that the medicinal 
properties still latent within it may be 3'et farther awakened and de- 
veloped, must first undergo a further attenuation, in order that the 
trituration or succussion may enter still further into the very essence 
of the medicinal substance, and may thus also liberate and expose 
the more subtle part of the medicinal powers that lie hidden more 


deeply, which could not be effected by any amount of trituration and 
succussion of the substances in their concentrated form. 

We frequently read in homoeopathic books that, in the case of one 
or another person in a certain case of disease, some high (dilution) 
dynamization of a medicine was of no use at all, but a lower potency 
proved effectual, while others have seen more success from higher 
potencies. But no one in such cases investigates the cause of the 
great difference of these effects. What prevents the preparer of the 
medicines (and this ought to be the homoeopathic physician himself; 
he himself ought to forge and whet the arms with which to fight the 
diseases) — what prevents him, in preparing a potency, from giving 
lo, 20, 50 and more succussive strokes against a somewhat hard, 
elastic body to every vial containing one drop of the lower potency 
with 99 drops of alcohol, so as to obtain strong potencies? This 
would be vastly more effective than giving only a few nerveless suc- 
cussive strokes, which will ])roduce little more than dilutions, which 
ought not to be the case. 

The perfection of our unique art of healing and the welfare of 
the patients seem to make it worth while for the physician to take 
the trouble necessary to secure the utmost efficiency in his medi- 

Modern wiseacres have even sneered at the 30th potency, and 
would only use the lower, Iciss developed and more massive prepara- 
tions in larger doses, wher<^by they have been, however, unable to 
effect all that our art can accomplish. If, however, every potency is 
dynamized with the same number of succusive strokes, we obtain, 
even in the fiftieth potency, medicines of the most penetrating effi- 
cacy, so that every minute pellet moistened with it, after being dis- 
solved in a quantity of water, can and must be taken in small parts, 
if we do not wish to produce too violent an action with sensitive 
patients, while we must remember that such a preparation contains 
almost all the properties latent in the drug now fully developed, and 
these can only then come into full activity. 

Paris, December 19th, 1838. 

Nature of Chronic Diseases. 

The Homoeopathic healing art, as taught in my own writings and 
in those of m}' pupils, when faithfully followed, has hitherto shown its 
natural superiorit}^ over any allopathic treatment in a very decided 
and striking manner; and this not only in those diseases which sud- 
denly attack men (the acute diseavSes), but also in epidemic diseases 
and in sporadic fevers. 

Venereal diseases also have been radically healed by Homoeop- 
athy much more surely, with less trouble and without any sequelae; 
for without disturbing or destroying the local manifestation it heals 
the internal fundamental disease from within only, through the best 
specific remedy. But the number of the other chronic diseases on 
this great earth has been immeasurably greater, and remains so. 

Treatment by allopathic physicians hitherto merely served to 
increase the distress from this kind of disease; for this treatment 
consisted of a whole multitude of nauseous mixtures (compounded 
by the druggist from violently acting medicines in large doses, of 
whose separate true effects they were ignorant), together with the 
use of manifold baths, the sudorific and salivating remedies, the 
pain-killing narcotics, the injections, fomentations, fumigations, the 
blistering plasters, the exutories and fontanels, but especialh* the 
everlasting laxatives, leeches, cuppings and starving treatments, or 
whatever names may be given to all these medicinal torments, Avhich 
continually varied like the fashions. By these means the disease 
was either aggravated and the vital force, spite of so-called tonics 
used at intervals, was more and more diminished; or, if any striking 
change was produced by them, instead of the former sufferings, there 
appeared a worse state — nameless diseases caused by medicine, fai 
worse and more incurable than the original natural one — while the 
ph3^sician consoled the patient with the words: "The former sick- 
ness I have been fortunate enough to remove; it is a great pity that 
a new (?) disease has appeared, but I hope to be as successful in 
removing this latter as in the former." And so, while the scdjic 
disease assumed various forms, and while new di.seases were being 


added by the use of improper, injurious medicines, the sufferings of 
the patient were continual!}^ aggravated until his pitiable lamenta- 
tions were hushed forever with his dying breath, and the relatives 
were soothed with the comforting pretense: ' ' Everything imaginable 
has been used and applied in the case of the deceased. ' ' 

It is not so with Homoeopath}^ the great gift of God I 

Even in these other kinds of chronic diseases, its disciples, by fol- 
lowing the teachings presented in my former writings and my former 
oral lectures, accomplished far more than all the afore -mentioned 
methods of curing; i. e., when the}^ found the patient not too much 
run down and spoiled by allopathic treatment, as was unfortunately 
too often the case where the patient had an}^ mone}^ to spend. 

Using the more natural treatment, Homoeopathic physicians have 
frequently been able in a short time to remove the chronic disease 
w^hich they had before them, after examining it according to all the 
symptoms perceptible to the senses; and the means of cure were the 
most suitable among the Homoeopathic remedies, used in their 
smallest doses, which had been so far proved as to their pure, true 
effects. And all this was done without robbing the patient of his 
fluids and strength, as is done b}^ the allopathy of the common 
phj^sicians; so that the patient, fully healed, could again enjoy glad- 
some days. These cures indeed have far excelled all that allopathists 
had ever — in rare cases — been able to effect by a lucky grab into their 
medicine chests. 

The complaints yielded for the most part to very small doses of 
that remedy which had proved its ability to produce the same series 
of morbid sj^mptoms in the healthy body; and, if the disease was not 
altogether too inveterate and had not been too much and in too great 
a degree mismanaged by allopathy, it often yielded for a considerable 
time, so that mankind had good reason to deem itself fortunate even 
for that much help, and, indeed, it often proclaimed its thankfulness. 
A patient thus treated might and often did consider himself in pretty 
good health, when he fairly judged of his present improved state and 
compared it with his far more painful condition before Homoeopathy 
liad afforded him its help.^ 

Even some gross errors of diet, taking cold, the appearance of 

^ Of this kind were the cures of diseases caused by a psora not yet fully 
developed, which had been treated by my followers with remedies which 
did not belong to the number of those which, later, proved to be the chief 
anti-psora remedies; because these remedies were not yet known. They had 
been merely treated w4th such medicines as Homoeopathically best covered 
and temporarily removed the then apparent moderate symptoms, thus causing 
a kind of a cure which brought back the manifest psora into a latent condition 
and thus produced a kind of healthy condition, especially with young, vigorous 


weather especially rough, wet and cold or stormy, or even the ap- 
proach of autumn, if ever so mild, but, more yet, winter and a wintry 
spring, and then some violent exertion of the body or mind, but 
particularly some shock to the health caused b3^ some severe external 
injury, or a very sad event that bowed down the soul, repeated 
fright, great grief, sorrow and continuous vexation, often caused in 
a weakened body the re-appearance of one or more of the ailments 
which seemed to have been already overcome; and this new con- 
dition was often aggravated b}^ some quite new concomitants, which 
if not more threatening than the former ones which had been 
removed homoeopathically were often just as troublesome and now 
more obstinate. This would be especially the case whenever the 
seemingh' cured disease had for its foundation a psora which had 
been more fully developed. When such a relapse would take place 
the Homoeopathic physician would give the remedy most fitting 
among the medicines then known, as if directed against a new dis- 
ease, and this would again be attended by a pretty good success, 
which for the time would again bring the patient into a better state. 
In the former case, however, in which merely the troubles which 
seemed to have been removed were renewed, the remedy which had 
been serviceable the first time would prove less useful, and when 
repeated again it would help still less. Then perhaps, even under 
the operation of the Homoeopathic remedy which seemed best 
adapted, and even where the mode of living had been quite correct, 
new symptoms of disease would be added which could be removed 
only inadequately and imperfectly; yea, these new symptoms were 
at times not at all improved, especially when some of the obstacles 
above mentioned hindered the recovery. 

Some joyous occurrence, or an external condition of circumstances 
improved by fortune, a pleasant journey, a favorable season or a dry, 
uniform temperature, might occasionally produce a remarkable pause 
of shorter or longer duration in the disease of the patient, during 
which the Homoeopath might consider him as fairly recovered; 
and the patient himself, if he good-naturedl}^ overlooked some pas- 
sable moderate ailments, might consider himself as healthy. Still such 
a favorable pause would never be of long duration, and the return 
and repeated returns of the complaints in the end left even the best 
selected Homoeopathic remedies then known, and given in the most 

persons, such as would appear as real health to every observer who did not 
examine accurately; and this state often lasted for many years. Biit with 
chronic diseases caused by a psora already fully developed, the medicines 
which were then known never sufficed for a complete cure, any more than 
these same medicines suffice at the present time. 


appropriate doses, the less effective the oftener the}' were repeated. 
Thej^ served at last hardly even as weak palliatives. But usualh', after 
repeated attempts to conquer the disease w^hich appeared in a form 
always somewhat changed, residual complaints appeared which the 
Homoeopathic medicines hitherto proved, though not few, had to 
leave uneradicated, 3'ea, often undiminished. Thus there ever fol- 
lowed var3dng complaints ever more troublesome, and, as time pro- 
ceeded, more threatening, and this even while the mode of lining was 
correct and with a punctual obsen^ance of directions. The chronic 
disease could, despite all efforts, be but little delaj^ed in its progress 
b}' the Homoeopathic phj'sician and grew w^orse from year to year. 

This was, and remained, the quicker or slower process in such 
treatments in all non-venereal, severe chronic diseases, e^-en when 
these were treated in exact accordance wdth the Homoeopathic art as 
hitherto known. Their beginning was promising, the continuation 
less favorable, the outcome hopeless. 

Nevertheless this teaching was founded upon the steadfast pil- 
lai^ of truth and will evermore be so. The attestation of its excellence, 
3'ea, of its infallibilit}- (so far as this can be predicated of human 
affairs), it has laid before the eyes of the world through facts. 

Homoeopathy alone taught first of all how to heal the w^ell- 
defined idiopathic diseases, the old, smooth scarlet fever of Syden- 
ham, the more recent purples, whooping cough, croup, sycosis, and 
autumnal dysenteries, by means of the specifically aiding Homoeo- 
pathic remedies. Even acute pleurisy, and typhous contagious epi- 
demics must now allow themselves to be speedily turned into 
health by a few small doses of rightly-selected Homoeopathic 

Whence then this less favorable, this unfavorable, result of the 
continued treatment of the non-venereal chronic diseases even by 
Homoeopathy ? What was the reason of the thousands of unsuc- 
cessful endeavors to heal the other diseases of a chronic nature so 
that lasting health might resuU ? Might this be caused, perhaps, by 
the still too small number of Homoeopathic remedial means that 
have so far been proved as to their pure action? The follov/ers of 
Homoeopathy have hitherto thus consoled themselves; but this 
excuse, or so-called consolation, never satisfied the founder of 
Homoeopath}'— particularly because even the new additions of proved 
valuable medicines, increasing from 3'ear to year, have not advanced 
the healing of chronic Tnon- venereal) diseases by a single step, 
while acute diseases (unless these, at their commencement, threaten 
unavoidable death) are not only passably removed, by means of 
a correct application of Homoeopathic remedies, but with the as- 


sistaiice of the never-resting, preservative vital force in our organism, 
find a speedy and complete cure. 

Why, then, cannot this vital force, efficiently affected through 
Homoeopathic medicine, produce any true and lasting recovery in 
these chronic maladies even with the aid of the Homoeopathic reme- 
dies which best cover their present symptoms; while this same force 
which is created for the restoration of our organism is nevertheless 
so indefatigabl}' and successfully active in completing the recovery 
even in severe acute diseases ? What is there to prevent this ? 

The answer to this question, which is so natural, inevitably led 
me to the discovery of the nature of these chronic diseases. 

To find out then the reason why all the medicines known to 
Homoeopathy failed to bring a real cure in the above-mentioned dis- 
eases, and to gain an insight more nearly correct and, if possible, 
quite correct, into the true nature of the thousands of chronic diseases 
w^hich still remain uncured, despite the incontestable truth of the 
Homoeopathic Law of Cure, this ver}^ serious task has occupied me 
since the years 1816 and 18 17, night and day; and behold ! the Giver 
of all good things permitted me within this space of time to gradually 
solve this sublime problem through unremitting thought, indefati- 
gable inquiry, faithful observation and the most accurate experi- 
ments made for the welfare of humanity.-'^ 

It was a continually repeated fact that the non- venereal chronic 
diseases, after being time and again removed homoeopathically by 
the remedies fully proved up to the present time, always returned in 
a more or less varied form and with new symptoms, or reappeared 
annually with an increase of complaints. This fact gave me the first 
clew that the Homoeopathic physician with such a chronic (non- 
venereal) case, yea in all cases of (non- venereal) chronic disease, has 
not only to combat the disease presented before his eyes, and must not 
view and treat it as if it were a well-defined disease, to be speedily 
and permanently destroyed and healed by ordinary homoeopathic 
remedies, but that he has always to encounter only some separate 
fragment of a more deep-seated original disease. 

''' Yet I did not allow any of these nnintermitted endeavors to become 
known either to the world or to my followers, not, indeed, because the ingrati- 
tude so frequently shown to me prevented me, for I heed neither ingratitude 
nor persecutions on my troublous path of life, which yet has not proved 
altogether joyless, because of the great goal toward which I have striven. No, 
I left it unmentioned because it is improper, yea, hurtful to speak or write of 
things still immature. Not imtil the year 1827 did I comnmnicate the essentials 
of the discovery to two of my pupils, who had been of the greatest sen-ice 
to the art of Homoeopathy, for their own benefit and that of their patients, so 
that the whole discovery might not be lost to the world if perchance a higher 
call to eternity had called me away before the completion of the book — an event 
not so very improbable m my seventy-third year. 


The great extent of this disease is shown in the new symptoms 
appearing from time to time; so that the Homoeopathic physician 
must not hope to permanently heal the separate manifestations of this 
kind in the presumption, hitherto entertained, that they are well- 
defined, separately existing diseases which can be healed perma- 
nently and completely. He, therefore, irmst first find out as fiar as 
possible the whole extent of all the accidents and symptoms belonging 
to the unk7iown pri?nitive malady before he can hope to discover one 
or more medicines which may homceopathically cover the whole of 
the original disease by means of its pecuHar symptoms. By this 
method he may then be able victoriously to heal and wipe out the 
malady in its whole extent, consequently also its separate members; 
that is, all the fragments of a disease appearing in so many various 

But that the original malady sought for must be also of a 
miasmatic, chronic nature clearly appeared to me from this cir- 
cumstance, that after it has once advanced and developed to a certain 
degree it can never be removed by the strength of any robust con- 
stitution, it can never be overcome by the most wholesome diet and 
order of hfe, nor will it die out of itself. But it is evermore aggra- 
vated, from year • to year, through a transition into other and more 
serious symptoms,'^ even till the end of man's life, like ever}^ other 
chronic, miasmatic sickness; e. g., the venereal bubo which has not 
been healed from within by mercury, its specific remedy, but has 
passed over into venereal disease. This latter, also, never passes 
away of itself, but, even with the most correct mode of life and with 
the most robust bodily constitution, increases every year and unfolds 
evermore into new and worse symptoms, and this, also, to the end of 
man's life. 

I had come thus far in my investigations and observations with 
such non- venereal patients, when I discovered, even in the beginning, 
that the obstacle to the cure of many cases which seemed delusively 
like specific, well-defined diseases, and yet could not be cured in a 
Homoeopathic manner with the then proved medicines) , seemed very 
often to lie in a former eruption of itch, which was not unfrequently 
confessed; and the beginning of all the subsequent sufferings usually 
dated from that time. So also with similar chronic patients who did 
not confess such an infection, or, what was probably more frequent, 

*Not unfrequently phthisis passes over into insanity; dried-up ulcers into 
dropsy or apoplexy; intermittent fever into asthma; affections of the abdomen 
into pains in the joints or paralysis; pains in the limbs into hemorrhage, etc.,. 
and it was not difi&cult to discover that the later diseases must also have their 
foundation in the original malady and can only be a part of a far greater whole. 


who had, from inattention, not perceived it, or, at least, could not re- 
member it. After a careful inquiry it usuall}^ turned out that little 
traces of it (small pustules of itch, herpes, etc.) had showed them- 
selves with them from time to time, even if but rarely, as an indubit- 
able sign of a former infection of this kind. 

These circumstances, in connection with the fact that innumera- 
ble observations of ph3^sicians,* and not infrequently my own experi- , 
ence, had shown that an eruption of itch suppressed by faulty / 
practice or one which had disappeared from the skin through other • 
means was evidently followed, in persons otherwise healthy, b}^ 
the same or similar symptoms; these circumstances, I repeat, could 
leave no doubt in my mind as to the internal foe which I had to 
combat in my medical treatment of such cases. 

Gradually I discovered more effective means against this origi- 
nal malady that caused so many complaints; against this malady 
which may be called by the general name of Psora ; i. e. , against 
the internal itch disease with or without its attendant eruption 
on the skin. It then became manifest to me, through the aid 
afforded when using these medicines in similar chronic diseases, in 
which the patient was unable to show a like cause, that also these 
cases in which the patient remembered no infection of this kind 
were of necessity caused by a Psora with which he had been in- 
fected, perhaps, even in his cradle, or in some other way that had 
escaped his memory; and this often received corroboration on a more 
careful inquiry with the parents or aged relatives. 

Most painstaking observations as to the aid afforded by the anti- 
psoric remedies which were added in the first of these eleven years 
have taught me evermore, how frequently not only the moderate, 
but also the more severe and the most severe, chronic diseases are 
of this origin. This observation taught me that not only most of 
the many cutaneous eruptions which Willan distinguishes with such 
extreme care from one another, and which have received separate 
names, but also almost all adventitious formations, from the common 
wart on the finger up to the largest sarcomatous tumor, from the 
malformations of the finger-nails up to the swellings of the bones and 
the curvature of the spine, and many other softenings and deformi- 
ties of the bones, both at an early and at a more advanced age, are 
caused by the Psora. So, also, frequent epistaxis, the accunuilation 
of blood in the veins of the rectum and the anus, discharges of blood 
from the same (blind or flowing piles), hemopt3^sis, hematemesis, 
hematuria, and deficient as well as too frequent menstrual discharges, 

■■^So also, more lately. Von Autenrieth (in Ti'ibinger Blatter fi'tr Natur- 

wissciischaft iind Ai^zneikundc, 2 vol., 2d part. ) 


night-sweats of several 3'ears' duration, parchment-like dr^mess of 
the skin, diarrhoea of many years' standing, as well as permanent 
constipation and difficult evacuation of the bowels, long-continued 
erratic pains, convulsions occurring repeatedly for a number of years, 
chronic ulcers and inflammations, sarcomatous enlargements and 
tumors, emaciation, excessive sensitiveness as well as deficiencies in 
the senses of seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting and feeling; excessive 
as well as extinguished sexual desire; diseases of the mind and of 
the soul, from imbecility up to ecstacy, from melancholy up to raging 
insanity; swoons and vertigo; the so-called diseases of the heart; 
abdominal complaints and all that is comprehended under hysteria 
and h3^pochondria — in short, thousands of tedious ailments of human- 
it3^ called by pathology' with various names, are, with few excep- 
tions, true descendants of this many-formed Psora alone. I was 
thus instructed by my continued observations, comparisons and ex- 
periments in the last 3^ears, that the ailments and infirmities of bod}^ 
and soul which, in their manifest complaints, differ so radicalh' and 
which, with different patients, appear so ver^' unlike (if the}^ do not 
belong to the two venereal diseases, syphilis and sycosis^ ^ are but 
partial manifestations of the ancient miasma of lepros}' and itch; i. e., 
mereh' descendants of one and the same vast original malady, the 
almost innumerable symptoms of which form but one whole and are 
to be regarded and to be medicinally treated as the parts of one and 
the same disease in the same waj' as in a great epidemic of t^^phus 
fever. Thus in the year 18 13 one patient vrould be prostrated with 
onh^ a few symptoms of this plague, a second patient showed only a 
few but different ailments, while a third, fourth, etc., would com- 
plain of still other ailments belonging to this epidemic disease, while 
they were, nevertheless, all sick with one and the same pestilential 
fever, and the entire and complete image of the t3^phus fever reigning 
at the time could only be obtained b}' gathering together the symp- 
toms of all, or at least of many of these patients. Then the one or 
two remedies, "^ found to be Homoeopathic, healed the whole epidemy, 
and therefore showed themselves specificalh' helpful with every 
patient, though the one might be suffering from ss^mptoms differing 
from those of others, and almost all seemed to be suffering from 
different diseases. 

Just so, only upon a far larger scale, it is with the Psora, this 
fundamental disease of so many chronic maladies, each of which 
seems to be essentialh' different from the others, but really is not; 
as may readily be seen from the agreement of several symptoms 

"In the t3'plms of 1813 bryonia s^vlI rhus toxicodendron were the specific 
remedies for all the patients. 


common to them which appear as the disease runs its course, and 
also from their being healed through the same remedy. 

All chronic diseases of mankind, even those left to themselves, 
not aggravated b}" a perverted treatment, show, as said, such a con- 
stance^ and perseverance, that as soon as they have developed and 
have not been thoroughl}^ healed by the medical art, they evermore 
increase with the j^ears, and during the whole of man's lifetime; and 
the}^ cannot be diminished by the strength belonging even to the 
most robust constitution. Still less can they be overcome and ex- 
tinguished. Thus the}^ never pass away of themselves, but increase 
and are aggravated even till death. They must therefore all have 
for their origin and foundation constant chronic miasms, whereby 
their parasitical existence in the human organism is enabled to con- 
tinually rise and grow. 

In Europe and also on the other continents so far as it is known, 
according to all investigations, only three chronic miasms are found, 
the diseases caused b)" which manifest themselves through local 
symptoms, and from which most, if not all, the chronic diseases 
originate; namely, first, syphilis, which I have also called the 
vejiereal chancre disease; then SYCOSIS, or the fig -iv art disease, and 
finally the chronic disease which lies at the foundation of the erup- 
tion of itch; /. e., the Psora ; which I shall treat of first as the 
most important. 

Psora is that most ancieiit, most universal, most destructive, and 
3^et m,ost 7nisa.ppre]iended chronic miasmatic disease which for 
many thousands of years has disfigured and tortured mankind, and 
which during the last centuries has become the mother of all 
the thousands of incredibly various (acute and) chronic (non- 
venereal) diseases, by which the whole civilized human race on 
the inhabited globe is being more and more afflicted. 

Psora is the oldest miasmatic chronic disease known to us. Just 
as tedious as syphilis and sycosis, and therefore not to be ex- 
tinguished before the last breath of the longest human life, unless it 
is thoroughly cured, since not even the most robust constitution is 
able to destroy and extinguish it by its own proper strength. Psora, 
or the Itch disease, is beside this the oldest and most hydra-headed of 
all the chronic miasmatic diseases. 

In the many thousands of years during which it may have 
afflicted mankind, — for the most ancient histor}' of the most ancient 
people does not reach to its origin, — it has so much increased in the ex- 
tent of its pathological manifestations — -an extent which may to some 

tSee Organon of the Healing- Art, fifth edition, KS34, >/, 100 sqq. 


degree be explained by its increased development during such an 
inconceivable number of years in so many millions of organisms 
through which it has passed,— that its secondary symptoms are 
hardly to be numbered. And, if we except those diseases which 
have been created by a perverse medical practice or by deleterious 
labors in quicksilver, lead, arsenic, etc. , which appear in the common 
pathology under a hundred proper names as supposedly separate and 
well-defined diseases (and also those springing from syphilis and the 
'Still rarer ones springing from sycosis), all the remaining natural 
chronic diseases, whether with names or vdthout them , find in Psora 
their real origin, their onh' source. 

The oldest monuments of history which we possess show the Psora 
even then in great development. Moses^ 3400 years ago pointed 
out several varieties. At that time and later on among the Israelites 
the disease seems to have mostly kept the external parts of the body 
for its chief seat. This was also true of the malady as it prevailed in 
uncultivated Greece, later in Arabia and, lastly in Europe during 
the Middle Ages. The dilferent names which were given by differ- 
ent nations to the more or less malignant varieties of leprosy, (the 
external symptom of Psora) which in man}' ways deformed the ex- 
ternal parts of the bod}', do not concern us and do not affect the 
matter, since the nature of this miasmatic itching eruption alwaj'S 
remained essentialh^ the same. 

The occidental Psora, which during the x\Iiddle Ages had raged 
in Europe for several centuries under the form of malignant ery- 
sipelas (called St. A7itho7iy' s Fire) , reassumed the form of lepros}^ 
through the leprosy which Avas brought back by the returning 
crusaders in the thirteenth century. And though it thus spread in 
Europe even more than before, (for in the year 1226 there were in 
France alone 2,000 houses for the reception of lepers), this Psora, 
which now raged as a dreadful eruption, found at least an ex- 

*In Leviticus not only in the thirteenth chapter, but also (chapt. 21, verse 
20) w^here he speaks of the bodily defects which must not be found in a priest 
who is to offer sacrifice, malignant itch is designated -by the word garab, which 
the Alexandrian translators (in the Septuagint j translated with psora agi'ia., 
but the Vulgate with scabies jugis. The talmudic interpreter, Jonathan, ^^- 
plained it as ^73/ ?V<:^ spread over the body; while the expression, jk^/*?/-^^^, is 
used by Moses for lichen, tetter, herpes (seeM. Rosenmueller, Scholia inLevit., 
p. II., edit, sec, p. 124). The commentators in the so-called English Bible-work 
also agree with this definition, Calmet among others saying: " Lepros}- is simi- 
lar to an invetei ate itch with violent itching. ' ' The ancients also mention the 
peculiar, characteristic voluptuous itching which attended itch then as now, 
while after the scratching a painful burning follows; amiong others Plato, who 
calls itch ^/j'/(:j'/z/^r6'//, while Cicero marks the dulcedo of scabies. 


ternal alleviation in the means conducive to cleanliness, which also 
■were brought b}' the crusaders from the Orient; namely, the (cotton ? 
linen ?) shirts before unknown in Europe, and the more frequent use 
of warm baths. Through both of those means, as well as through the 
more exquisite diet and refinement in the mode of living introduced 
by increased cultivation, the external horrors of the Psora within the 
space of several centuries were at last so far moderated, that, at the 
end of the fifteenth centur}^ it appeared only in the form of the 
common eruption of itch, just at the time when the other miasmatic 
chronic disease, syphilis, began (in 1493) to raise its dreadful head. 

Thus this eruption, externall}^ reduced in cultivated countries to 
a common itch, could be much more easily removed from the skin 
through various means; so that with the medicinal external treat- 
ment since introduced, especially in the middle and higher classes, 
through baths, washes and ointments of sulphur and lead, and by 
preparations of copper, zinc and mercury, the external manifestations 
of Psora on the skin were often so quickly suppressed, and are so 
now, that in most cases either of children or of grown persons the 
histor}^ of itch infection may remain undiscovered. 

But the state of mankind was not improved thereby; in many 
respects it grew far worse. For, although in ancient times the eruption 
of psora appearing as leprosy was very troublesome to those suffer- 
ing from it, owing to the lancinating pains in, and the violent itching 
all around the tumors, and scabs, the rest of the body enjoyed a fair 
share of general health. This was owing to the obstinately persistent 
eruption on the skin which served as a substitute for the internal 
psora. And what is of more importance, the horrible and disgust- 
ing appearance of the lepers made such a terrible impression on 
healthy people that they dreaded even their approach; so that the 
seclusion of most of these patients, and their separation in leper 
hospitals, kept them apart from other human society and infection 
from them was thus limited and comparatively rare. 

In consequence of the very much milder form of the psora during 
the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, when it appeared as itch, 
the few pustules appearing after infection made but little show and 
could easily be concealed. Nevertheless the}^ were scratched con- 
tinually because of their unbearable itching, and thus the fluid was 
diffused around, and the psoric miasma was communicated more 
certainly and more easily to man}^ other persons, the more it was 
concealed. For the things rendered unclean by the psoric fluid 
infected the persons who unwittingl}' touched them, and thus con- 
taminated far more persons than the lepers, who, on account of 
their horrible appearance, were carefully avoided. 


Psora has thus become the most infectious and most general of 
all the chronic miasmas. For the miasm has usually been com- 
municated to others before the one from whom it emanates has asked 
for or received any external repressive remedy against his itching 
eruption (lead-water, ointment of the white precipitate of mercury) , 
and without confessing that he had an eruption of itch, often even 
without knowing it himself; yea, without even the physician's 
or surgeon's knowing the exact nature of the eruption which has 
been repressed by the lotion of lead, etc. 

It may well be conceived that the poorer and lower classes, who 
allow the itch to spread on their skin for a long time, until they be- 
come an abomination to all around them and are compelled to use 
something to remove it, must have in the meanwhile infected many. 

Mankind, therefore, is worse off from the change in the external 
form of the psora, — from leprosy down to the eruption of itch — 
not only because this is less visible and more secret and therefore 
more frequently infectious, but also especially because the psora, 
now mitigated externally into a mere itch, and on that account more 
generally spread, nevertheless still retains unchanged its original 
dreadful nature. Now, after being more easily repressed, the disease 
grows all the more unperceived within, and so, in the last three 
centuries, after the destruction* of its chief symptom (the external 
skin-eruption) it plays the sad role of causing innumerable secondary 
symptoms; i. e., it originates a legion of chronic diseases, the source 
of which physicians neither surmise nor unravel, and which, there- 
fore, they can no more cure than they could cure the original disease 
Avhen accompanied by its cutaneous eruption; but these chronic dis- 
eases, as dail}^ experience shows, were necessarily aggravated by the 
multitude of their faulty remedies. 

So great a flood of numberless ner^^ous troubles, painful ailments, 
spasms, ulcers (cancers), adventitious formations, d^^scrasias, 
paralyses, consumptions and cripplings of soul, mind and body 
were never seen in ancient times when the psora mostly confined 

"^ The external eruption of itch may not only be driven away by the faulty 
practices of physicians and quacks, but unfortunately it not unfrequently of its 
•own accord withdraws from the skin ( see below, e. g. , in the observation of the 
older physicians, Nos. 9, 17, 26, 36, 50, 58, 61, 64, 65). Syphilis and sycosis 
both have an advantage over the itch disease, in this, that the chancre (or 
bubo) in the one and the fig- wart in the other never leave the external parts 
Tintil they have been either mischievously destroyed through external repres- 
sive remedies or have been in a rational manner removed through the simulta- 
neous internal cure of the whole disease. The venereal disease cannot, there- 
fore, break out so long as the chancre is not artificially destroyed by external 
applications, nor can the secondary ailments of sycosis break out so long as the 



itself to its dreadful cutaneous symptom, leprosy. Only during the 
last few centuries has mankind been flooded with these infirmities, 
owing to the causes just mentioned. "^ 

/ It was thus that psora became the most imiversal mother of chronic 

( diseases. 

The psora ^ which is now so easily and so rashl}^ robbed of its 

fig- wart has not been destroyed by faulty practice; for these local symptoms, 
which act as substitutes for the internal disease, remain standing even until the 
end of man's life, and prevent the breaking out of the internal disease. It is, 
therefore, just as easy to heal them then, even in their whole extent; i. <?. , 
thoroughly, through their specific internal medicines, which need only to be 
continued until these local symptoms ( chancre and fig- wart ) which are in their 
nature imchangeable except through artificial external application, are thor- 
oughly healed. Then we may be quite certain that we have thoroughly cured 
the internal disease; i. e., syphilis and sycosis. 

This good feature psora has lost in the present more and more mitigated 
nature of its chief symptom, which has changed from leprosy to itch in the last 
three centuries. The eruption of itch by no means remains as persistently in 
its place on the skin as the chancre and the fig-wart. Even if the eruption of 
itch has not (as is nearly always the case) been driven away from the skin 
through the faulty practices of physicians and quacks by means of desiccating 
washes, sulphur ointments, drastic purgatives or cupping, it frequently disap- 
pears, as we say, of itself; i. e. , through causes which are not noticed. It 
often disappears through some unlucky physical or psychical occurrence, 
through a violent fright, through continual vexations, deeply-affecting grief, 
through catching a severe cold, or through a cold temperature (see below, 
observation 67); through cold, lukewarm and warm river baths or mineral 
baths, by a fever arising from any cause, or through a different acute disease 
{e. g., smallpox; see below, observation 39); through persistent diarrhoea, 
sometimes also perhaps through a peculiar want of activity in the skin, and 
the results in such a case are just as mischievous as if the eruption had been 
driven away externally by the irrational practice of a physician. The second- 
ary ailments of the internal psora and any one of the innumerable chronic 
diseases flowing from this origin will then break out sooner or later. 

But let no one think that the psora which has been thus mitigated in its 
local symptom, its cutaneous eruption, differs materially from ancient leprosy. 
Even leprosy, when not inveterate, could in ancient times not seldom be driven 
from the skin by cold baths or by repeated dipping in a river and through 
warm mineral baths (see below, No. 35); but also then the evil effects resulting 
were as little regarded as the more modern physicians regard the acute diseases 
and the insidious maladies which do not fail to develop sooner or later from the 
indwelling psora when an eruption of the present itch disease has disappeared 
of itself or has been violently driven away. 

'" That the drinking of warm coffee and Chinese tea which has spread so 
generally in the last two centuries, and which has so largely increased the irri- 
tabilit}^ of the muscular fibre as well as the excessive excitability of the nerves, 
has further augmented the tendency of this period to a multitude of chronic 
diseases, and has thus aided the psora, I least of all can doiiht, as 1 have 
made prominent, perhaps too prominent, the part which cotTee takes with re- 


ameliorating cutaneous symptom, the eruption of itch, which acts 
vicarious!}' for the internal disease, has been producing within the 
last three hundred 3'ears more and more secondary sj-mptoms, and 
indeed so man}^ that at least seve7i-£ighths of all the chronic maladies 
spring from it as their only source, while the rejnaiyiing eighth 
springs from syphilis and sycosis or from a complication of two of 
these three miasmatic chronic diseases, or (which is rare) from a 
complication of all three of them. Even syphilis, which on account 
of its eas}' curability ^delds to the smallest dose of the best prepara- 
tion of m^ercur}', and sycosis, which on account of the slight difSculty 
in its cure through a few doses of thuja and nitric acid in alterna- 
tion, onl}^ pass into a tedious malady difficult to cure when they are 
complicated with psora. Thus psora is a7nong all diseases the one 
which is most 77iisapprehended, a7id, the7'efo7'e, has bee7i 77iedically 
treated i7i the ivo7'st and 77iost i)iJ7C7^ious 77ia7i7ier. 

It is incredible to what an extent modern physicians of the com- 
mon school have sinned against the welfare of humanity; since, with 
scarcely an exception, teachers of medicine and the more prom.inent 
modern physicians and medical writers have laid down the rule and 
taught it as an infallible theorem that : ' ' Every eruption of itch is 
merely a local ailment of the skin, in which ailmicnt the remain- 
ing organism takes no part at all, so that it may and must be 
driven away from the skin at any time and without any scruple, 
through local applications of sulphur ointment or of the yet more 
active ointment of Jasser, through sulphur fumigations, by solu- 
tions of lead and zinc, but most quickly by the precipitates of 
mercury. If the eruption is once removed from the skin every- 
thing is well and the person is restored and the whole disease 
removed. Of course, if the eruption is neglected and allowed 
to spread upon the skin, then it may eventually turn out that the 
malignant matter may find opportunity to insinuate itself through 
the absorbent vessels into the mass of humors, and thus to cor- 
rupt the blood, the humors and the health. Then, indeed, man 
may finally be afflicted with ailments from these malignant humors, 
though these might soon again be removed from the body by purga- 
tives and abluents; but through prompt removal of the eruption 

spect to the bodily and mental sufferings of humanity, in my little work on 
"The Effects of Coffee" [Die Wirkungen des Kaffee's. Leipzig, 1803). This, 
perhaps undue, prominence given was owing to the fact that I had not then as 
yet discovered the chief source of chronic diseases in the pso7XL. Only in con- 
nection with the excessive use of coffee and tea, which both offer palliatives for 
several symptoms oi psora, aovX^ psora spread such innum^erable, such obstinate 
chronic sufferings among mankind ; foi' psora alone could not have produced 
this effect. 



from the skin all sequelae are prevented, and the internal body 
remains entirely health}^ ' ' 

These horrible untruths have not only been, and are still being 
taught, but they are also carried out in practice. The consequence 
is that at the present day the patients in all the most celebrated hos- 
pitals, even in those countries and cities that seem most enlightened, 
as well as the private itch-patients of the lower and higher classes, 
the patients in all the penitentiaries and orphan asylums, in other 
civil and military hospitals, wherever such eruptions are found — in 
short, the innumerable multitude of patients, without exception, are 
treated, not only by physicians unknown to fame, but by all, even 
those most celebrated, With, the^bove mentioned external remedies,* 
using perhaps at the same time large doses of flowers of sulphur, and 
strong purgatives (to cleanse the body, as they say). These phy- 
sicians think that the more quickly these eruptions are driven from 
the skin the better. Then they dismiss the patients from their 
treatment as cured, with brazen assurance and the declaration that 
everything is now all right, f without regarding or being willing to 
notice the ailments which sooner or later are sure to follow; i. <?., the 

* Then, as these gentlemen dream in their perverted minds, in which they 
have disposed of the nature of this most important disease in their arbitrary 
way and without consuUing nature, then these frivolous gentlemen assure us, 
the matter of the itch has not yet had time to penetrate inwardly and to be 
received by the absorbent vessels to the detriment of the whole mass of humors. 
But how then, O conscientious men! if even the first httle pustule of itch with 
its unbearable voluptuous itching, forcing a man irresistibly to scratch, and 
with the following burning pain, is in every case and every thne the proof of 
a universal itch-disease which has been previously developed in the interior of 
the whole organism, as we shall see below? How then, if in accordance with 
this fact an}^ external repression of the itch-eruption can not only do nothing 
toward alleviating the internal general disease, but rather as thousands of facts 
go to prove, compel it to develop and break forth quickly into innumerable, 
different, acute sufferings, or gradually into chronic sufferings, which make 
mankind so helpless and miserable? Can you then heal these? Experience 
says no; you cannot do it. 

t In some vigorous itch patients the vital force, following the law of nature 
on which it rests (her instinct showing more wisdom than the intelligence of 
her destroyers), after some weeks, drives back to the skin the eruption seem- 
ingly destroyed by itch ointments and purgatives; the patient returns to the 
hospital and the mischievous destruction of the eruption, by means of ointments 
and lotions of solutions of lead and zinc, is renewed. I have seen in military 
hospitals this eruption thus destroyed in an irrational and cruel manner three 
times in succession within a few months, while the quack who applied the oint- 
ment pretended that the patient must have been infected anew with itch three 
times in this short period, which was really impossible. 


Psora which shows itself from within in a thousand different diseases.^ 
If the deceived wretches then sooner or later return with the malady 
following unavoidably on such a treatment; e. g., with swellings, 
obstinate pains in one part or another, with hypochondriac or hys- 
terical troubles, gout, consumption, tubercular phthisis, continual or 
spasmodic asthma, blindness, deafness, parah'sis, caries of the bones, 
ulcers (cancer), spasms, hemorrhages, diseases of the mind and soul, 
etc., the physicians imagine that the}^ have before them some- 
thing entirely new and treat it again and again according to the old 
routine of their therapeutics in a useless and hurtful manner, direct- 
ing their medicines against phantom diseases; z. e., against causes 
invented by them for the ailments as the}^ appear, until the patient, 
after many years' suffering continually aggravated, is at last freed 
from their hands by death, the end of all earthly maladies, t 

The older physicians were more conscientious in this matter and 
observed with less prejudice. They saw clearl}^ and became convinced 
that innumerable ailments and the most severe chronic diseases fol- 
low the destruction of the itch-eruption from the skin. And since this 
experience compelled them to assume the existence of an internal 
disease, in every case of itch they endeavored to extirpate this in- 
ternal malad}^ by means of a multitude of internal remedies, as good 
as their therapeutics afforded. It was, indeed, but a useless en- 
deavor, because the true method of healing, which it could onl3^ be 
the prerogative of Homoeopathy to discover, was unknown to them. 
Nevertheless this sincere endeavor was praiseworth}^ since it w^as 
founded on an appreciation of the great internal disease present to- 
gether with the eruption of itch, which internal disease it was neces- 
sary to remove. This prevented their reliance on the mere local 
destruction of the itch from the skin, as practiced by modern ph}^- 
sicians, who think that they cannot quickly enough drive it awa}^ — 
as if it were a mere external disease of the skin — without regarding 

■^I wrote this six 5^ears ago, but even at this day the physicians of the old 
school continue to act and teach with the same criminal negligence. In this 
most important medical affair they have up to this day not become the least bit 
wiser or more humane. 

tBy accident (for they cannot give any but a feigned reason for their 
action ) they found out a refuge which temporaril}' often alleviates the suffer- 
ings of their patients when they can not do anything at home with their pre- 
scriptions against the unknown disease; that is, they send him to some sulphur 
bath or other, where the patients often get rid of a small part of their Psoi^a, 
and thus are also at the first use of the baths for a time relieved of their chronic 
disease; but afterwards they fall back into the same or a kindred ailment, and 
the repetition of the bath then avails little or nothing, because the cure of a 
developed Psora requires a far more adequate treatment than the impetuous use 
of such baths. 


the great injuries attending such a course. The older physicians, on 
the other hand, have warningly laid these injuries before our eyes 
in their writings, giving thousands of examples. 

The observations of those honest men are too startling to be 
rejected contemptuously, or ignored by conscientious men. 

I shall here adduce some of these numerous observations handed 
down to us, which I might increase by an equal number of my own 
if the former were not already abundantly sufficient to show with 
what fury the internal Psora manifests itself when the external local 
symptom which serves to assuage the internal malady is hastily re- 
moved. They also show that it must be a matter of conscience for 
the physician who loves his fellow-man to direct all his endeavors to 
cure, first of all, the internal malady, whereby the cutaneous erup- 
tion will at the same time be removed and destroyed and all the sub- 
sequent innumerable lifelong chronic sufferings springing from the 
Psora be prevented or, if the}^ are already embittering the life of the 
patient, be cured. 

The diseases, partly acute but chiefly chronic, springing from 
such a one-sided destruction of the chief skin-symptom (eruption 
and itching) which acts vicariously and assuages the internal Psora 
(which destruction is erroneously called ' ' D^Hving the itch into the 
body'') are innumerable; as manifold as the peculiarities of bodily 
constitutions and of the outer world which modifies them. 

A brief survey of the manifold misfortunes resulting thence is 
given by the experienced and honest I^udwig Christian Juncker 
in his Dissertatio de Damno ex Scabie Repulsa, Halle, 1750, p. 15-18. 
He observed that with young people of a sanguine temperament the 
suppression of itch is followed by phthisis, and with persons in 
general who are of a sanguine temperament it is followed by piles, 
hemorrhoidal colic and renal gravel; with persons of sanguino-choleric 
temperament by swellings of the inguinal glands, stiffening of the 
joints and malignant ulcers (called in German Todenbricche) ; with 
fat persons by a suffocating catarrh and mucous consumption; also 
by inflammatory fever, acute pleurisy and inflammation of the lungs. 
He further states that in autopsies the lungs have been found indu- 
rated and full of cysts containing pus; also other indurations, swell- 
ings of the bones and ulcers have been seen to follow the sup- 
pression of an eruption. Phlegmatic persons in consequence of such 
suppressions suffered chiefly from dropsy; the menses were dela3^ed, 
and when the itch was driven away during their flow, they were 
changed into a monthly hemoptysis. Persons inclined to melancholy 
were sometimes made insane b}^ such repression; if they were 
pregnant the foetus was usually killed. Sometimes the suppression 



of the itch causes steriht}^,^ in nursing women the milk is generally 
lacking, the menses disappear prematurelj' ; in older women the 
uterus becomes ulcerated, attended with deep, burning pains, with 
wasting awa}^ (cancer of the womb). 

His experiences were frequentl}^ confirmed by the observations f 
of others, as e. g. with reference to 

Asthma, Lentilius Miscell. med. prad. Tom. I., p. 176. Fr. 
Hoffmann Abhandluiig v. d. Kinder krankheiten, Frft. ,1741, p. 104. 
Detharding in Append, ad Ephein. Nat. Cur. Dec. III., ann ^ et, 
6 et in ohs. parallel, ad obs. 58. Binninger, Obs. Cent. V., obs. 88. 
Morgagni, de sedibus et. caus. morb. Epist. XIV., 35. Acta Nat. 
Ctir. Tom. V obs. 47. J. Juncker, Consp. ther. spec. tab. 31. F. H. 
L. Muzell, Wahrnehm. Savwil. II. Cas. 8.^ J. Fr. Gmelin in 

^'A pregnant Jewess had the itch on her hands and drove it away in the 
eighth month of her pregnancy so that it might not be seen during the period 
of her deliver}'. Three days afterwards she was delivered and the lochial 
discharge did not appear and she was seized with a high fever; since that time 
for seven years she had been sterile and had suffered from leucorrhoea. Then 
she became poor and had to walk a great distance barefooted; hereupon the 
itch again appeared and she thus lost her leucorrhoea and her other hysteric 
affections; she became again pregnant and was safel}^ delivered. {Ju7icker, ibid. ) 

t When writing the first edition of the Chronic Diseases, I was not as yet 
acquainted with Autenrieth's Versiiche fuer die prakt. Heilkunde aus den 
Klinishen Anstalten von Tubingen, 1808. But I saw on examining the work, 
that what he says about diseases following the driving away of itch through 
local applications, is only a confirmation of what I had already found with the 
other hundred writers. He also had observed that the external driving away of 
itch was followed by ulcers on the feet, pulmonary consumption, hj-sterical 
chlorosis, with various menstrual irregularities; white swelling of the knee, 
dropsy of the joints, epilepsy, amaurosis, with obscured cornea ; glaucoma, with 
complete amaurosis ; mental derangement, paralysis, apoplexy and curvature of 
the neck ; these he erroneousl}^ attributed to the ointments alone. But his own 
slow local driving away of the eruption by means of sulphuret of potash and 
soft soap, which he in vain calls healing it, is in no way better. Just as if his 
treatment were anything else than a local driving away of the eruption from the 
skin! Of any true cure he knows just as little as the other Allopaths, for he 
writes: "It is, of course, absurd to endeavor to cure itch (scab) by internal 
remedies." Noi it is not only absurd, but even wretched to undertake to cure 
an internal itch-disease which cannot be cured by any local application, 
through any but inte^nial means, which alone can cure the disease thorvughly 
and with certainty. 

1 A man 30 to 40 years of age had been afflicted with the itch a long time 
before, and it had been driven away b}^ ointments ; from which time he had be- 
come more and more asthmatic. His respiration became at last, even when not 
in motion, very short and extremely labored, emitting at the same time a con- 
tinuous hissing sound, but attended with only little coughing. He was 
ordered an injection of one drachm of squills, and to take internally 3 grains of 
squills. But by mistake he took the drachm of squills internally. He was near 


Gesner's 5(^772w/. v. Beob. V. S. 21.^ Hundertmark.-Zieger Z^zV^^r/. 
dc scabie artificiale, Lips. 1758, p. 32.^ Beireis — Stammen. Diss, 
de caiisis cur imprimis plebs scabie laboret. Helmst. , 1792, p. 26/ 
Pelargus ^Storch) Obs. din. Jahrg., 1722, p. 435 n 438/ Breslauer 
Samvihtng v. Jahre r727, p. 293/ Riedlin, the father, Obs. Cejit. 
II., obs. 90. Augsburg, 1691.'^ 

Suffocating Catarrh, Ehrenfr. Hagendorn, hist. 7ned. phys. 
Cent. I., /lists, 9.^ Pelargus, Obs. din. Jahrg., 1723, p. 15.^ 

losing his life with an indescribable nausea and retching. Soon after this the 
itch appeared again on his hands, his feet and his whole body in great 
abundance, and by this means the asthma was at once removed. 

'^ The violent asthma was combined with general swelling and fever. 

^ A man of 32 years had the itch driven away by sulphur ointment, and he 
suffered for eleven months from the most violent asthma until by drinking 
birch-juice the eruption was brought back on the twenty-third day. 

■^ A student was seized with the itch just as he was going to dance, on which 
■account he had it driven out by a practitioner with sulphur ointment, But soon 
after, he was attacked by such a severe asthma that he could only draw breath 
iDy throwing his head back, and was almost suffocated during the attacks. After 
'thus wrestling with death for an hour, he would cough up little cartilaginous 
pieces which would ease him for a very short time. Having returned home to 
Osterode he suffered continually for two years of this disease, being attacked 
■about ten times a day, which could not even be mitigated through the help of 
his physician, Beireis 

^ A boy of 13 years having suffered from his childhood with ti7iea capitis 
had his mother remove it for him, but he became very sick within eight or ten 
days, suffering with asthma, violent pains in the limbs, back and knee, which 
were not relieved until an eruption of itch broke out over his whole body a 
month later, 

^ Ti7iea capitis in a little girl was driven away by purgatives and other medi- 
cines, but the child was attacked with oppression of the chest, cough and great 
lassitude. It was not until she stopped taking the medicines, and the tinea 
broke out again, that she recovered her cheerfulness and this, indeed, quickl}-. 

7 A boy of 5 years suffered for a long time from itch, and when this was 
'driven away by a salve it left behind a severe melancholy with a cough. 

s Owing to tinea capitis, which had been driven off by rubbing with almond 
oil, there arose an excessive lassitude of all the limbs, headache on one side, 
loss of appetite, asthma, waking up at night with suffocating catarrh, \^dth 
: severe rattling and whistling on the chest and convulsive twisting of the limbs, 
as if about to die, and hematuria. When the tinea broke out again, he re- 
"covered from all these ailments. 

A 3-year-old girl had the itch, for several weeks ; when this was driven out 
'by an ointment she was seized the next day by a suffocating catarrh with snor- 
ing, and with numbness and coldness of the whole body, from which she did not 
:recover until the itch re-appeared. 

'-' A girl of twelve years had the itch with which she had frequently suffered, 
(driven away from the skin by an ointment, when she was seized with an acute 
ifever with suffocative catarrh, asthma and swelling, and afterward with pleurisy. 
iSix days afterward, having taken an internal hiedicine containing sulphur, the 


Suffocations from Asthma, Joh. Phil. Brendel, Consilia med., 
Frft., 1615, Cons., 73. Ephem. Nat. Cur., Ann. II., obs. 313. Wilh. 
Fabr. V. Hilden, Obs. Cent.lW., Obs. 39.^° Ph. R. Vicat. Obs. 
Prad., obs. 35, Vitoduri, 178c)." J. J. Waldschmid, Opera, p. 244.^^ 

Asthma with General Swelling. Waldschmid, ibid. Hoech- 
stetter, Obs. Dec. III., obs. 7 Frft. et Lips, 1674, p. 248. Pelargus,, 
Obs. Clin. Jahrg., 1723, p. 504.^^ Riedlin, the father, Obs. Cent. II.,. 
obs. 91." 

Asthma with Dropsy of the Chest. Storch in Act. Naf^ 
Cur. To7n. V., obs. 147. Morgagni, de sed. et causis morb. XVI., 
Art, 34 ^^ Richard, Recueil d'observ. de Med. Tom. III., p. 308, a 
Paris, 1772. Hagendorn, as above, Cent. II., hist. 15.^*^ 

Pleurisy and Inflammation in the Chest, Pelargus, as above, 
p. 10.^'' Hagendorn, as above. Cent. III., hist. 58. Giseke, i/<2;;z^. 

itch again appeared and all the ailments, excepting the swelling, disappeared ; 
but after twent3'-four days the itch again dried up, which was followed \iy a 
new inflammation in the chest with pleurisy and vomiting. 

^^The dyspnoea of a youth, 20 years, caused by the driving away of itch was 
so great that he could not get any breath, and his pulse was hardly perceptible, 
in consequence of which he suffocated. 

^^ A moist herpes on the left upper arm of a youth of 19 years was finally 
locally removed by many external applications. But soon after, there ensued a 
periodical asthma which was suddenly increased by a lengthy foot -tour in the 
heat of summer, even to suffocation, with a puffed up bluish-red face and quick,, 
weak, uneven pulse. 

^2 The dyspncea from the driven out itch came on very suddenly, and the 
patient was suffocated. 

^^ A 5-}' ear-old girl had had for some time large itch vesicles on the hands,, 
which dried up of themselves. Shortly after, she became sleepy and tired and 
was seized with dyspnoea. The following day the asthma continued and her 
abdomen became distended. 

"A 50 year old farmer, who had been long tortured w4th the itch, while he 
was driving it out by external applications, was seized with a dyspnoea, a loss 
of appetite and a swelling of the whole body. 

^= A girl in Bologna drove away the itch with an ointment and was seized 
with the most severe asthma without fever. After two blood-lettings her 
strength decreased so much and. the asthma was so much augmented that she 
died on the following day. The whole chest was filled with bluish water, also 
the pericardium. 

16 A girl of 9 years with the tinea capitis had it driven away, when she was 
seized with a lingering fever, a general swelling and dyspnoea; when the tinea 
broke out again she recovered. 

" A man of 46 drove out his itch with a sulphur ointment. Thereupon he 
was seized with inflammation in the chest with bloody expectoration, dyspnoea 
and great anguish. The following day the heat and the anguish became almost 
unbearable and the pains in the chest increased on the third day. Then sweat 
broke out. After fourteen days the itch broke out again and he felt better. 
But he had a relapse, the itch dried up again and he died on the 13th day after 
the relapse. 


Abhandl., p. 310. Richard, as above. Pelargus, as above. Jahrg., 
1721, p. 23 and 114/^ 'd.n^Jahrg., 1723, p. 29,^^ also injahrg., 1722, 
p. 459."'^ Sennert praxis med. lib. II., P. III., Cap. 6, p. 380. 
Jerzembsky, Diss. Scabies salubris i7i hydrope, Halae, 1777.^^ Karl 
Wenzel, Die Ndchki-ankheiten vo7i zuritckgetreteiier Kriitze, Bamb., 
1826, p. 49.'^' 

Pleurisy and Cough, Pelargus, as above, Jahrg., 1722, p, 79.^^ 

Severe Cough, Richard, as above. Juncker, Co7ispect. 7ned. 
theor. et prad. tab.. 76. Hundertmark, as above, p. 23.^^^^ 

Hemoptysis, Phil. Georg. Schroeder, Opusc. II., p. 322. 
Richard, as above. Binninger, Obs. Cent. V., obs. 88. 

Hemoptysis and Consumption, Chn. Max Spener, Diss, de 
^egro febri vialigiii, phtJiisi coniplicata laborante, Giess, 1699.^* 
Baglio, Opera, p. 215. Sicelius Praxis casual. Exerc. III., Cas. I., 
Frftet Lips, 1743.'' Morgagni, as above, XXI., Art. 32.'' Unzers 
Arzt C C C, p. 508.'' Karl Wenzel, as above, p. 32. 

^^ A thin man died of inflammation in the chest and other ailments twenty 
days after driving out the itch. 

^9 A boy of 7 years whose tinea capitis and itch dried up, died after four 
days from an acute fever and asthma accompanied with expectoration. 

-''A youth who removed his itch with a lead ointment, died four days after- 
^vard of a disease of the chest. 

^^ A general dropsy was quickly cured by a return of the itch, but when this 
was suppressed by a severe cold, pleurisy supervened and death ensued in three 

-- A young peasant was attacked with acute fever with pleurisy and dyspnoea, 
six days after driving out an eruption of itch with sulphur ointment. 

^•"^ A school boy of 13 years was seized with cough and stitches in the chest, 
when his itch dried up. These ailments disappeared when the itch broke out 

^•^ ^''A man of 36 years had the itch removed sixteen months ago by an oint- 
ment of lead and mercury; he suffered since from a whooping cough accom- 
panied with great anguish. 

-*A youth of 18 years had the itch, which he finally drove away with a 
black looking lotion. A few days after, he was seized with chills and heat, lassi- 
tude, oppression of the heart, headache, nausea, violent thirst, cough and diffi- 
culty in breathing; he expectorated blood, commenced to speak deliriously, his 
face was deadly pale and sunken, the urine was deep red without sediment. 

-•'An eruption of itch in a youth of 18 years driven out by a mercurial 

'^^ Itch which disappeared from the skin of itself, was followed by a linger- 
ing fever and fatal expectoration of pus; at the autops}- the left lung was found 
full of pus. 

'-"A robust looking candidate for the ministr}^ who was about to preach in 
a few days and therefore wished to free himself from his old itch, rubbed him- 
self one day with itch ointment, and in a few hours, soon after noon lie passed 
away with anxiety, dyspnoea and tenesmus; the autopsy showed that the whole 
of the lungs was filled with liquid pus. 


Collection of Pus in the Chest. F. A. Waitz, Medic. Chi- 
rurg. Aiifsdtze Th. I., p. 114, 115.'' Preval, in the Journal de 
Medec, LXI., p. 491. 

Cysts of Pus in the Intestines, Krause. Schubert, Diss, de 
scabie hu7nana. Lips, 1779, p. 23/^ 

Great Degeneration of a Great Part of the Intestines. 
J. H. Schulze, in ^<:/. Nat. Cur. Tom., i ohs., 231.^'^ 

Degeneration of the Brain. Dimenbrock, Obs. et Curate 
ined., obs. 60. Bonet, Sepiilchrehmi anat., Sect. IV., obs. i, §1^^ and 
§ 2.^^ J. H. Schulze, as above. 

Hydrocephalus, Acta helvet., V., p. 190. 

Ulcers in the Stomach. L. Chn. Juncker, Diss, de scabie 
repitlsa, Halle, 1750, p. 16.^^ 

Sphacelus of the Stomach and Duodenum. Hundertmark, 
as above, p. 29.^* 

General Dropsical Swelling. ^° 

Dropsy of the Chest. Hessler in Karl Wenzel, as above, 
p. 100 and 102. 

2^ Empyema followed the driving away, through external means, of an erup- 
tion of itch which had come out a few years before, and appeared especially in 
March and April. 

-^A young man who had been warned by (the good physician and) Prof. 
Krause against the use of sulphur ointment for the re-appearing itch did not 
follow his advice, but rubbed himself with it, when he died of constipation. In 
his body, at the autopsy, were found sacs of pus in his abdominal viscera. 

^''Also the diaphragm and the liver were diseased. 

^^ A little prince of two years had his tinea capitis driven away ; in conse- 
quence, after his death, much bloody water was found under his skull, 

^■^In a woman who had driven out the tinea by a lotion, one-half of the 
brain was found putrefied and filled with yellow humor. 

^^ A man of rank, of a cholerico-sanguine temperament, was afflicted with 
gouty pains of the abdomen and pains as from gravel. After the removal of the 
gout through various remedies the itch broke out, which he drove out through 
a desiccating bath of tan -bark; an ulcer formed on his stomach, which, as the 
autopsy showed, hastened his death. 

^* A boy of 7 weeks and a youth of 18 years died very suddenly from an itch 
driven out through a sulphur ointment. At the autopsy in the case of the 
infant the upper part of the stomach immediately below the orifice w^as found 
destroyed by gangrene, and in the second case that part of the duodenum into 
which the biliary duct and the pancreatic duct empty was found similarly 
diseased. A similar fatal inflammation of the stomach from driven out itch, in 
Morgagni, as above, IvV., art. 11. 

^5 Of this, innumerable cases are found in a number of writers of which I 
only desire to mention the one reported in J. D. Fiok, Exercitatio med. de 
scabie retropulsa, Halle, 17 10, \ 6, where an eruption of itch driven out by 
application of mercury, left behind it general dropsy, which was only mitigated 
by the re-appearance of the eruption. 


Dropsy of the Abdomen, Richard, as above, and with several 
other obser\^ers. 

SweUing of the Scrotum (in bo^^s). Fr. Hoffmann, Med. 
rat. sj'sf., III., p. 175. 

Red Swelling of the ^A/'hole Body. Lentilius, Misc. med. 
prad., Part I., p. 176. 

Jaundice. Baldinger, Kra7ikheiten ein. Armee, p. 226. Joh. 
Rud. Camerarius, Memorab. Cent., X., §65. 

Swelling of the Parotid Glands. Barette, in the Journal de 
Med., XVIII., p. 169. 

Swelling of the Cervical Glands, Pelargus, as above, Jahrg., 
1723, p. 593.^^ Unzer, Arzt. Part VI., St. 301. '" 

Obscuration of the Eyes and Presbyopia, Fr. Hoffman, 
Consult, med., i Cas. 50.^^ 

Inflammation of the Eyes, G. W. Wedel. Snetter, Diss. 
de Ophthalmia, Jen., 1710. Hallmann, in Koenigl. Vetenskaps 
Handl. f. A. X., p. 210.^^ G. Chph. Schiller, de Scabie hiimida, 
p. 42, Brford. 1747. 

The author of the book Epidemion lib. 5, No. 4, who gives his name as Hip- 
pocrates, first mentions the sad result of such a case, where an Athenian was 
seized by a violently itching eruption, spread over the whole body and especially 
over the genital organs; he expelled it by the use of the warm baths on the 
island of Melos, but died of the resulting dropsy. 

^^A boy of 8 or 9 years, who had been shortly before healed oi tinea showed 
many swellings of the glands of the neck by which his neck was drawn crooked 
and stiff. 

^'A youth of 14 years had the itch in June, 1761. He rubbed with a gray 
ointment and the itch passed away. Upon this the glands behind both of his 
ears swelled up; the swelling on the left ear passed away of itself, but the right 
one in five months became monstrously enlarged and about August began to 
pain him. All the glands of the neck were swollen. On the outside the large 
gland was full of hard knots and without sensitiveness, but internally there was 
an obtuse pain, especially at night; at the same time he suffered from d3^spnoea 
and obstructed deglutition. All means used to produce suppuration were in 
vain; it became so large that the patient was suffocated in the year 1762, 

^^A girl of 13 years was seized with the itch, especially on the limbs, in the 
face and on the pudenda; this was finally driven away by ointments of zinc 
and sulphur, whereupon she gradually became weak of sight. Little dark 
bodies floated before her eyes, and these could also be seen from without float- 
ing in the aqueous humor of the anterior chamber of the eye. At the same 
time she could not recognize small bodies except with spectacles. The pupils 
were dilated. 

^^A girl had a violent eruption of itch on the legs, with large iilcers in the 
bend of the knee. Being attacked with smallpox the itch was suppressed. 
This induced a humid inflammation of the white of the eye and of the eyelids, 
with itching and suppuration of the same, and the vision of dark bodies floating 
before her eyes; this lasted for two years. Then for three days she put on the 


Cataract, Chn. Gottlieb Ludwig, Advers. med. II., p. 157.^ 

Amaurosis, Northof, Diss, de scabie, Gotting., 1792, p. 10.*^ 
Chn. G. Ludwig, as above. ^" Sennert, prax. lib. III., Sect. 2, 
Cap. 44. Trecourt, chirurg. Wah?'?iehmu7ige7i , p. 173. Leipz. 
1777. Fabricius ab Hilden, Ceiit. II., obs. 39.^^ 

Deafness. Thore in Capelle, Journal de saute, Tom. I. Daniel, 
Syst. aegritud. II., p. 228. Ludwig, as above. 

Inflammation of the Bowels, Hundertmark, Diss, de scabie 
artificiali, Lips. 1758, p. 29. 

Piles, Hemorrhoids, Acta helvet. V., p. 192.^* Daniel, Syst. 
aegritud. II., p. 245.^^' 

Abdominal Complaints, Fr. Hoffmann, Med. rat. syst. III., 

p. 177." 

Diabetes (Mellitaria), Comment. Lips. XIV., p. 365. Eph. 
Nat. Cur. Dec. II., ann. 10, p. 162. C. Weber, Obs. i. I., p. 26. 

Suppression of Urine, Sennert, Prax. lib. 3, p. 8. Morgagni, 
as above, XLI., art. 2.*' 

Erysipelas, Unzer ^r/^, Th. V., St. 301.'' 

stockings of a child afflicted with the itch. On the last day a fever broke out 
with dry cough, tension in the chest, with inclination to vomit. On the follow- 
ing day the fever and the tension of the chest diminished and a sweat broke 
out, which increased until erysipelas broke out on both legs, and on the follow- 
ing day these passed over into the real itch. The eyes then improved. 

"^•^A man whose itch had been driven oif, but who was of robust constitution, 
was seized with cataract. 

*^From itch expelled by external application there arose amaurosis, which 
passed awa}^ when the eruption re-appeared on the skin. 

*^A vigorous man, when the itch had been expelled from the skin, was 
seized with amaurosis and remained blind to an advanced age. 

^^ Amaurosis from the same cause, with terrible headache. 

** Bleeding piles returned every month. 

*^In consequence of itch driven off by external applications, loss of blood 
up to eight pounds within a few hours, colic, fever, etc. 

^•^After the expulsion of itch a most violent colic, pain in the region of the 
left lower ribs, restlessness, lingering fever, anxiety and obstinate constipation. 

*'^A young peasant had driven off the itch with ointment, and shortly after 
he suffered from suppression of urine, vomiting and at times from a pain in the 
left loin. Still he, after awhile, passed urine a few times, but only a little, of 
dark color and attended with pains. In vain the attempt was made to empty 
it with a catheter. At last the whole body swelled up, difficult and slow respi- 
ration ensued, and he died on about the twenty-first day after the suppression 
of the itch. The bladder contained two pounds of urine just as dark, but the 
abdominal cavity, water, which being held for awhile over the fire thickened 
into a sort of albumen. 

^^Aman rubbed himself with mercurial ointment against the itch, when 


Discharges of acrid humors. Fr. Hoffman, Consult. Tom. 
II., Cas. 125. 

Ulcers, Unzer Arzt, Th. V,, St. 301.^^ Pelargus, as above, 
Jahrg., 1723, p. 673.'''' Breslmcer Samm., 1727, p. 107.'^ Muzell, 
IValuiielnn. II., Cas. 6.'- Riedlin, the son, Cent. obs. 38.°' Alberti- 
Gorn, Diss, de scabi., p. 24. Halle, 1718. 

Caries, Richard, as above. 

Swelling of the Bones of the Knee. Valsalva in Morgagni, 
de sede et cans. morb. I. art. 13. 

Pain in the bones, Hamburger Magaz., XVIII., p. 3, 253. 

Rachitis and Marasmus in Children, Fr. Hoffman. Kinder- 
ki^ankh. Leipz., 1741, p. 132. 

Fever, B. V. Faventinus, Medicina empir., p. 260. Ramaz- 
zini, Constit. epid. nrbis. II. No. 32, 1691.^^ J. C. Carl in Act. 
Nat. Cur. VI., obs. i6.''' 

Fever, Reil, Memorab. Fasc. III., p. 169. ^"^ Pelargus. as 
above; Jahrg. , 1721, p. 276,^^ and ibid. Jalug., 1723.^^ Amatus, 

there followed an erysipelatous inflammation in the neck, of which he died 
after five weeks. 

^^x\ woman, after using a mercurial ointment against itch, had a putrescent 
eruption all over her body, so that whole pieces of flesh rotted away; she died 
in a few days with the greatest pains. 

^0 A youth of 16 years had the itch for some time; when this passed away 
ulcers broke out on the legs. 

^^ After rubbing with an ointment against the itch there followed with a 
man of 50 years tearing pains in the left shoulder for five weeks, when several 
ulcers broke out in the arm-pit, 

^- A quack gave a student an ointment for the itch, from which it disap- 
peared indeed, but instead of it an incurable ulcer broke out in the mouth. 

5^ A student who had been for a long time afflicted with the itch drove it 
off with an ointment, and instead of this there broke out ulcers on his arms and 
legs, and glandular swellings in the arm-pits. These ulcers were finally cured 
by external applications, when he was seized with dyspnoea and then with 
dropsy, and from these he died. 

^^ Many observations are found there respecting cases where the itch, being 
driven off by ointments, there followed fever and blackish urine, and where, 
when the itch was brought back to the skin, the fever disappeared and the 
urine became like that of a healthy person. 

^^ A man and a woman had an eruption of itch on the hand, of many 3-ears' 
standing, and as often as it dried up fever always ensued, and as soon as this 
came to an end the eruption of itch again returned; and yet this itch extended 
but to a small part of the body and was not driven off b}' external applications. 

°^' Itch was suppressed by a fever that set in; when the fever was removed 
it returned. 

°" A mother put ointment on the tinea of a bo}- of 9 years; it ]-»assed away, 
but there followed a violent fever. 

•'^ A child, I year old, had had for some time tinea capitis and an eruption 
in the face; both these had shortly before dried up, when there followed heat. 
cough and diarrhcea. A return of the eruption on the head gave alleviation. 


Lusit. Cent. II., Cor. 33. Schiller Z?/;?^. de scahie hiimida, Erford, 
1747, p. 44.^^ J. J. Fick, Exercitatio med. de scabie 7'etro- 
piclsa. Halle, 17 10, § 2.^° Pelargus, as above, Jahrg., 1722, p. 
122.^^ Also Jahrg., 1723, p. 10, p. 14*^^ and p. 291. C. G. Ludwig, 
Advers. med. II., pp. 157-160.^^ Morgagni, as ab. X., art. 9;^^ 
XXI., art. 31;*^^ XXXVIII., art. 22f LV., art. 3.^' 

Fever. Lanzonus, in Eph. Nat. Cjir., Dec. III., ann. 9 and 
10, obs. 16 and 113. Hoechstetter, Obs. ?7ted., Dec. VIII., 

^^ A woman of 43 ^^ears, long afflicted with dry itch, rubbed her joints with 
an ointment of sulphur and mercury, and thus drove it off; this was followed 
by pains under the right ribs, lassitude in all the limbs, heat and feverish irri- 
tation. After using sudorific remedies for six days, large vesicles of itch broke- 
out all over the body. 

*^° Two youths, brothers, drove off the itch by one and the same remedy^ 
but they lost all appetite, a dr\' cough and a lingering fever set in, they became 
emaciated and fell into a slumbrous stupor, so that they would have died if the 
eruption had not luckil}- re-appeared on the skin. 

^^ With a three-year old child when tinea capitis had disappeared of itself^ 
there arose a violent fever on the chest, cough and weariness, and it only recov- 
ered when the eruption re-appeared on the head. 

^^ A journeyman purse-maker, who had to make some embroidery, drove off 
his frequent itch with lead-ointment. Scarcely was the itch dr3ang off in con- 
sequence, when he was seized with chills, heat, dyspncea and a rattling cough,, 
of which he suffocated on the fourth day, 

^3 A vigoroi s, healthy man of 30 3^ears was taken with the itch and drove 
the eruption from the skin, but was then seized vdth a catarrhal fever with an 
uncontrollable perspiration; he was slowly recovering from it when he was 
seized without any further cause by another fever. The attacks began with, 
anxiety and headache, and increased with heat, a quick pulse and morning 
sweats. There was added an unusual sinking of the strength, and delirious- 
speech, anxious tossing about, a sobbing respiration with suffocation — a disease 
which despite all medicines ended with death. 

^*With a boy the itch passed away of itself; this was followed by fever. 
The itch now appeared more violent and the fever passed away, but the child 
grew thin, and when the itch again dried up there followed diarrhoea, convul- 
sions and soon afterwards death. 

^5 Itch disappeared from the skin of itself, on which lingering fever, expec- 
toration of pus and lastly death followed, and at the autopsy the left lungs were 
found full of pus. 

^^ A woman of 30 years had for a long time pain in the limbs and a strong- 
eruption of itch, which she drove off with ointment, when she was attacked hj 
fever with violent heat, thirst and raging headache, which was accompanied 
with delirious speech, uncontrollable dyspnoea, tumefaction of the bodv and 
great distension of the abdomen. She died on the sixth day of the fever. The 
abdomen contained much air, and especially the stomach was distended with, 
air, filling half of the abdomen. 

^' A man whose tinea capitis had passed off from intense cold, was seized 
after eight days with a malignant fever, with vomiting, accompanied at last 
with hiccough; he died in consequence on the ninth day. 


Cas. 8/* Triller. Wehle, Diss, mdlam medicinavi interdum esse 
optimam, Witemb., 1754/^" Fick, as ab., § i.'° Waldschmidt, 
Opera. ^ p. 241. Gerbizius, in Eph. Nat. Cur.^ Dec. III., ami. 
2, obs. 167. Amatus, Litsit., Cent. II., Curat. 33.'' Fr. Hoff- 
mann, Med. rat. system, T. III., p. 175."' 

Tertian Intermittent Fever. Pelargus. as ab., Jahrg., 1722, 
p. 103, cfr. with p. 79.'^ Juncker, asab., tab. 79; Eph. Nat. Ciir., 
Dee. I., a7i7i. 4. Welsch, Obs. 15. Sauvages, Spec. 11. De 
Hautesierk, Obs., Toin. II., p. 300; Coiiunent. Lipsienses XIX., 
p. 297. 

Quartan Fever, Thom. Bartholinus, Cap. 4, hist. 35. Sen- 
nert, Paralip., p. 116. Fr. Hoffman, Med. rat. system III., p. 175.'* 

Vertigo and a Total Sinking of the Strength, Gabelchofer, 
Obs. Med. Cent. II., obs. 42. 

Vertigo Like Epilepsy, Fr. Hoffmann, Consult. Med. I., 
Cas. 12.'^ 

In the same article Morgag-ni mentions the case of a man who, having 
scabs from itch on the arms and on other parts, drove off nearly the whole 
eruption by a sulphurated shirt, but was seized at once with drawing pains on 
the whole body combined with fever, so that he could neither rest at night nor 
move about in the daytime; also the tongue and the fauces were thus attacked. 
With much trouble the eruption was brought out again on the skin, and thus 
his health was restored. 

^^A malignant fever with opisthotonus from driving off the itch. 

^^ A young merchant had driven off the itch with ointment, when he was 
suddenly seized with such hoarseness that he could not speak a loud word; 
then followed dry asthma, loathing of food, severe cough, troublesome especially 
at night and robbing him of sleep, violent ill-smelling night-sweats, and, despite 
of all medical treatment, death. 

'°A burgomaster, 60 years of age, was infected with the itch, and suffered 
unspeakably from it through the nights; he used many medicines in vain, and 
at last was taught by a beggar a so-called infallible remedy, composed of oleum 
laurinum, flowers of sulphur and lard. Having rubbed with this several times 
he was, indeed, freed from the eruption, but soon after he was seized with a 
violent chill, followed by an excessive heat all over the body, vehement thirst, 
a gasping asthma, sleeplessness, violent trembling all over the body and great 
lassitude, so that on the fourth day he expired. 

7' From the same cause a fever combined with insanity, precipitating death. 

■'^ After driving off itch, most frequently acute fevers with a great sinking of 
the strength follow. In one such case the fever lasted seven days, when the 
eruption of itch re-appeared and stopped the fever. 

''■^ A boy of 15 3-ears for a long time had tinea capitis and had received from 
Pelargus a strong purgative to cure it; he was seized with pain in the back, 
cutting pains during micturition, followed b}- tertian fever. 

'* Old people have especially dry itch, and if this is driven off by external 
applications usually quartan fever ensues, which vanishes as soon as the itch 
re-appears on the skin. 

'"■'A count, 57 3'ears old, had suffered for three rears with dry iloh. It was 

28 haknumann's chronic diseases. 

Epilepsy Like Vertigo, Fr. Hoffmann, as ab., p. 30.'^ 

Convulsions, Juncker, as ab. tab. 53. Hoechstetter, Eph. 

Nat. Ctir. Dec. 8, Cas. 3. Eph. nat, C2ir. dec. 2, ann. obs. 35, and 

an7i. 5, obs. 224. D. W. Triller. Welle, Diss, nullam medi- 

cinam intej'duvi esse optimam, A^iteb., 1754, § 13, 14^' Sicelius, 

driven off, and he enjoyed for two years an apparently good health only he 
had during this time two attacks of vertigo, which gradually so increased that 
once after finishing his meal he was seized with such vertigo that he would 
have fallen to the floor if he had not been supported. He was covered with an 
icy perspiration, his limbs trembled, all the parts of his body were as dead, and 
he repeatedly vomited up a sour substance. A similar attack followed six weeks 
later, then once a month for three months. He indeed retained consciousness, 
but there always followed heaviness of the head and a drunken stupor. At last 
these attacks came dail}-, though in a milder form. He could not read nor 
think nor turn around quickly nor stoop down. This was attended with sad- 
ness, sorrowful, anxious thoughts and sighs, 

'•^ A woman of 36 j^ears had the itch driven from the skin a few years before 
with mercurial remedies. Her menses became irregular, and were often inter- 
rupted for ten or even fifteen weeks; she was at the same time constipated. 
Four years ago during pregnancy she was seized with vertigo, and she would 
suddenly fall down while standing or walking. While sitting she would 
retain her senses during the vertigo and could speak, eat and drink. At her 
first attack she felt in her left foot, as it were, a crawling sensation and formi. 
cation, which terminated in a violent jerking up and down of the feet. In time 
these attacks took away consciousness, and afterwards in traveling in a 
carriage there came an attack of real epilepsy which returned thrice in the 
following winter. During these attacks she could not speak; she did not 
indeed turn her thumbs inward, but yet there was foam at her mouth. The 
sensation of formication in the left foot announced the attack, and when this 
sensation reached the pit of the stomach it suddenly brought on the fit. This 
epilepsy was removed by a woman with five powders, but instead of it her 
vertigo reappeared, but much more violentl}^ than before. It also commenced 
with a crawling sensation in the left foot, which rose up to the heart; this 
was attended with great anxiety and fear, as if she were falling down from a 
height, and while supposing that she had fallen she lost consciousness and 
speech; at the same time her limbs moved convulsively. But also outside of 
these attacks the least touch of her feet caused her the most intense pain as 
if from a boil. This was attended with severe pains and heat in the head and 
wdth loss of memor}', 

'" After an itch driven away by ointment there followed with a girl a most 
profound swoon, and soon after the most terrible convulsions and death. 

"^ A girl of 17, in consequence of tinea capitis which disappeared of itself, 
was seized with continual heat in the head and attacks of headache. She 
sometimes suddenly started up as if from fright, and while awake she was 
seized with convulsive motions of ti '.e limbs, especially of the arms and hands, 
as also with oppression in the pit of the stomach as if her breast was laced 
together; with moaning; then her limbs would jerk convulsively and she would 
start up. 


Decas Casimvi I., Cas. 5.'^ Pelargus, as 2h., JaJwg.^ 1723, p. 545.'^ 

Epileptic Convulsions and 

Epilepsy, J. C. Carl in .-^r/. Nat. Cur. VI., obs. i6.-° E. Hagen- 
dorn, as above, hist. 9.^^ Fr. Hoffmann, Consult, vied. I., Cas. 31.^"; 
ibid, filed, rat. syst. T. IV., P. III., Cap. I., and in Kinder krank- 
heite?i, p. 108. Sauvages, Nosol. spec. 11. de Hautesierk, obs. 
T. II., p. 300. Sennert, prax. III., Cap. 44. Eph. Nat. Cur. 
Dec. III., ann. 2, obs. 29. Gruling, <?^^. J/,?^. Cent. III., ^<^5-. 73. 
Th. Bartolin, Ceiit. III., /zzV. 20. Fabr. de Hilden, Cent. III., 
obs. 10.*'^ Riedlin, //??. ;;2^^. ann., 1696, J/<2/". (?^«?. i.^^ Lentilius, 
Miscell. med. pr., P. I., p. 32. G. W. Wedel, Diss, de aegro epi- 
leptico, Jen., 1673.^^ Herrm. Grube, de arcanis niedicoruni non 
arcanis, Hafii., 1673, p. 165.'''' Tulpius, obs. lib. I., Cap. 8.^^ 
Th. Thompson, Medic. Rathpflege, Leipzig, 1779, pp. 107, 108.®^ 

'^ A full-grown man who had been for some time affected with tremor of 
the hands had his tinea dry up. He was thereupon seized wnth great lassitude 
and red patches without heat broke out on his body. The tremor passed over 
into convulsive shaking, bloody matter w^as discharged from his nose and his 
ears, he also coughed up blood, and he died on the 23d day amidst convulsions. 

^ A man who had driven off a frequently occurring eruption of itch with 
an ointment fell into epileptic convulsions, which disappeared again when the 
eruption reappeared on the skin. 

^^ A youth of 1 8 years drove off the itch with a mercurial ointment and two 
months after he was unexpected!)^ seized with convulsions, which attacked all 
the limbs of the body, now this, now that; with painful constriction of the 
breast and the neck, coldness of the limbs and great weakness. The fourth day 
he was seized with epilepsy, foaming at the mouth, while the limbs were 
strangely contorted. The epilepsy only yielded when the eruption returned. 

^2 With a boy, whose tinea had been driven off by rubbing it with almond 

^^ With children, combined with suffocating catarrh. 

^* A servant girl after twice rubbing her itch with ointment had an attack 
of epilepsy. 

®° A youth of 18, who had driven out itch with mercurial remedies, was 
seized a few weeks later with epilepsy, which returned after four weeks ^^'ith 
the new moon. 

^^A boy of 7 months was seized with epilepsy, while the parents were unwill- 
ing to acknowledge that he had had the itch. But when the physician enquired 
more particularly, the mother confessed that the little boy had some v&sicles of 
itch on the sole of the foot, which had soon yielded to lead ointment; the child, 
as she said, had no other sign of the itch. The physician correctly recognized 
in this the only cause of the epilepsy. 

^^ Two children were freed from epileps)' by the breaking out of liiunid 
tinea, but the epilepsy returned when the tinea was incautiously driven off. 

®^ Five-year-old itch passed away and this, after several years, produced 


Hundertmark, as ab., p. 32/^ Fr. Hoffmann, Consult, med.l., 
Cas. 28, p. 141.'' 

Apoplexy. Cummius in Eph. Nat. Cur. Dec. I., a7in. i, obs. 
58. Mobius, Institut. med., p. 65. J. J. Wepfer, Histor. Apo- 
plect. Avistel., 1724, p. 457. 

Paralysis. Hoechstetter. Obs. vied. Dec. VIII., obs. 8, p. 
245. Journal de Med., 1760, Sept., p. 211. Unzer, ArztW., St. 
301.^^ Hundertmark, as above, p. 33.^" Krause. Schubert, 
Diss, de scabie liumani corp., Lips., i']'J9, p. 23.'^'^ Karl Wenzel, as 
above, p. 174. 

Melancholy, Reil. Memorab. Fasc, III., p. 177.^^ 

Insanity, Landais in Roux, Journ. de Medecine, Tom. 41. 
Amat. Lusitanus, Ciirat. vied. Cent. II., Cur. 74. J. H. Schulze, 

^9 The itch in a youth of 20 years was suppressed by a purgative which was 
allowed to act violenth' for several days, after which he for two years suffered 
daih- the most violent convulsior^s, until, through the use of birch-juice, the 
itch was brought back to the skin. 

^°A 3'oungnian of 17 years, of vigorous constitution and good intelligence, 
was attacked three years ago, after itch had been driven out, first by hemop- 
tysis and then by epilepsy, which grew worse through medicines until the fits 
came on everj^ two hours. Another surgeon, through frequent blood-lettings 
and many medicines, effected that he remained free from epileps}^ for four 
weeks, but soon afterwards the epilepsy returned while he was taking his noon- 
day nap, and the patient had two or three fits in the nights; at the same time 
he was attacked wdth a very severe cough and suffocating catarrh, especially 
during the nights, when he expectorated a very fetid fluid. He was confined 
to his bed. At last, after much medicine, the disease increased so much that he 
had ten fits at night and eight during the da}'. Nevertheless he never in these 
fits either clenched his thumbs or had foam at his mouth. His memory is weak- 
ened. The attacks come at the approach of meal-time, but more frequently after 
meals. During his nightly attacks he remains in the deepest sleep without 
awaking, but in the morning he feels as if bruised all over. The onl}- warning 
of a fit consists in his rubbing his nose and drawing up his left foot, but then he 
suddenly falls down. 

^1 A woman, after having the itch driven out, had parah-sis of one leg and 
remained lame. 

^'" After driving oft the itch with sulphur ointment, a man of 53 years had 

^^ A minister who for a long time had in vain used internal remedies against 
the itch finally grew tired of it and drove it off with ointment, when his upper 
extremities were, in a measure, parah-zed and a hard, thick skin formed in the 
palms of the hands, full of blood}- chaps and insuflerable itching. 

In the same place the author mentions also a woman whose fingers con- 
tracted from an itch driven out by external means; she suffered of them a long 

^*He found an idiotic melancholy arise in consequence of suppressed itch; 
when the itch broke out again the melancholy disappeared. 


Brune, Diss. Casus aliquot viente alienatoriun, Halle, 1707. Cas. 
1, p. 5.^^ F. H. \A(^aitz, medic. -cJururg. Aufsdtze, Th. i, p. 130.^*^ 
Altenbiirg, 1791. Richter in Hiifel. Jour?ial, XV., II. Gross- 
mann in Baldinger's neue7n Magaz., XI., I.^' 

Who, after meditating on even these few examples which might 
l>e much increased from the writings of the physicians of that time 
and from m}^ experience,^' would remain so thoughtless as to ignore 
the great evil hidden within, the Psora, of which evil the eruption 
of itch and its other forms, the tinea capitis, milk crust, tetter, etc., 
are only indications announcing the internal, monstrous disease of 
the whole organism, only local external symptoms which act 
vicariously and mitigating^ for the internal disease? Who, after 
reading even the few cases described, would hesitate to acknowl- 
■edge that the Psora, as already stated, is the most destructive of all 
•chronic miasmas? Who would be so stolid as to declare, with the 
later allopathic ph3'sicians, that the itch-eruption, tinea and tetters 

^5 A student, 20 years old, had the humid itch, which so covered his hands 
that he became incapable of attending to his work. It was driven off by 
sulphur ointment. But shortl}^ after it appeared how much his health had suf- 
fered from it. He became insane, sang or laughed where it was unbecoming, 
:and ran until he sank to the ground from exhaustion. From day to day he 
became more sick in soul and in body, until at last hemiplegy came on and he 
'died. The intestines were found grown together into a firm mass, studded with 
little ulcers fullof protruberances, some of the size of walnuts, which were filled 
with a substance resembling gypsum. 

^•^ The same story. 

^■^ A man of 50 years with whom, after driving away the itch by ointments, 
general dropsy had set in; when the itch re-appeared and drove away the swell- 
ing he drove it away again, when he fell into raving madness, while head and 
neck swelled up to suffocation; at last blindness and complete suppression of 
oirine were added. Artificial irritants applied to the skin and a strong emetic 
brought back the itch again; when the eruption extended over the whole body 
-all the former accidents disappeared. 

■^ An opponent, of the old school, has reproached me that I have not adduced 
-my own experience to prove that the chronic maladies, when they are not of 
■"Sj^philitic or sycotic origin, spring from the miasma of itch, as such proofs from 
^experience would have been convincing. Oho! If the examples here adduced 
by me from both the older and from modern non-Homoeopathic writings have 
not yet enough convincing proof, I should like to know what other examples 
'.(even my own not excepted) could be conceived of as more striking proofs? 
How often (and I might say almost always) have opponents of the old school 
refused all credence to the observations of honorable Homoeopathic physicians, 
because they were not made before their own eyes and because the names of 
Ihe patients were only indicated with a letter; as if private patients would 
31II0W their names to be used! Why should I endure the like? And do I not 
prove my point in a manner most indubitable and most free from partisanship 
through the experience of so many other honest practitioners ? 


are onh' situated superficialh' upon the skin and may, therefore, 
without fear, be driven out through external means since the internal 
of the bod}' has no part in it and retains its health ? 

Sureh', among all the crimes which the modern ph^'sicians of the 
old school are guilt}' of, this is the most hurtful, shameful and un- 
pardonable I 

The man who, from the examples given and from innumerable 
others of a like nature, is not willing to see the exact opposite of that 
assertion blinds himself on purpose and works intentionalh' for the 
destruction of mankind. 

Or are the}' so little instructed as to the nature of all the mias- 
matic maladies connected with diseases of the skin that they do not 
know that they all take a similar course in their origin ? And that 
all such miasmas become first internal maladies of the whole system 
before their external assuaging symptom appears on the skin ? 

We shall more closely elucidate this process, and in consequence 
we shall see that all miasmatic maladies which show peculiar local 
ailments on the skin are always present as internal maladies in the 
system before they show their local symptom externally upon the 
skin; but that only in acute diseases, after taking their course 
through a certain number of days, the local symptom, together with 
the internal disease, is wont to disappear, which then leaves the 
body free from both. In chronic miasmas, however, the outer loca 
symptom may either be driven from the skin or may disappear of 
itself, while the internal disease, if uncured, neither wholly nor in 
part ever leaves the system; on the contrar}', it continualh' increases 
with the years, unless healed by art. 

I must here dwell the more circumstantially on this process of 
nature, because the common physicians, especially of modern days, 
are so deficient in A'ision; or, more correctly stated, so blind that 
although they could, as it were, handle and feel this process in the 
origin and development of acute miasmatic eruptional diseases, the}' 
nevertheless neither surmised nor obsen'ed the like process in 
chronic diseases, and therefore declared their local symptoms as 
secondary groT^ths and impurities existing merely externally on the 
skin, without any internal fundamental disease, and this as well with 
the chancre and the fig- wart as with the eruption of itch, and there- 
fore — since they overlooked the chief disease or perhaps even boldly 
denied it — by a mere external treatment and destruction of these 
local ailments they have brought unspeakable misfortunes on suffer- 
ing humanity. 

With respect to the origin of these three chronic maladies, as in 
the acute, miasmatic eruptional diseases, three different important 


moments are to be more attentively considered than has hitherto 
been done: First, the time of infection; secondly, the period of time 
during which the whole organism is being penetrated by the disease 
infused, until it has developed within; and thirdly, the breaking out 
of the external ailment, whereby nature externally demonstrates the 
completion of the internal development of the miasmatic malady 
throughout the whole organism. 

The infection with miasmas, as well of the acute as of the above- 
mentioned chronic diseases, takes place, without doubt, in 07ie single 
77ioment, and that moment, the one most favorable for infection. 

When the smallpox or the cowpox catches, this happens in the mo- 
ment when in vaccination the morbid fluid in the bloody scratch of the 
skin comes in contact with the exposed nerve, which then, irrevocably,, 
dynamically communicates the disease to the vital force (to the whole 
nervous system) in the same moment. After this moment of infec- 
tion no ablution, cauterizing or burning, not even the cutting off of 
the part which has caught and received the infection, can again, 
destroy or undo the development of the disease within. Smallpox,, 
cowpox, measles, etc., nevertheless will complete their course within,, 
and the fever peculiar to each will break out with its smallpox, cow- 
pox, measles,* etc., after a few days, when the internal disease has 
developed and completed itself. 

The same is the case, not to mention several other acute miasmas, 
also when the skin of man is contaminated with the blood of cattle 

* We may justly ask: Is there in any probability any miasma in the world, 
which, when it has infected from without, does not first make the whole organ- 
ism sick before the signs of it externally manifest themselves ? We can only 
answer this question with, 7io, there is none ! 

Does it not take three, four or five days after vaccination is effected, before 
the vaccinated spot becomes inflamed ? Does not the sort of fever developed — 
the sign of the completion of the disease — appear even later, when the protect- 
ing pock has been fully formed; i. e., on the seventh or eighth day? 

Does it not take ten to twelve days after infection with smallpox, before the 
inflammatory fever and the outbreak of the smallpox on the skin take place ? 

What has nature been doing with the infection received in these ten or 
twelve days ? Was it not necessary to first embody the disease in the whole 
organism before nature was enabled to kindle the fever, and to bring out the 
eruption on the skin ? 

Measles also require ten or twelve days after infection or inociilation before 
this eruption with its fever appears. After infection with scarlet fever seven 
days usually pass before the scarlet fever, with the redness of the skin, breaks 

What then did nature do with the received miasma during the inten-ening 
days ? What else but to incorporate the whole disease of measles or scarlet 
fever in the entire living organism before she had completed the work, so as to 
be enabled to produce the measles and the scarlet fever with their eruption. 



affected with anthrax. If, as is frequently the case, the anthrax has 
infected and caught on, all ablutions of the skin are in vain; the 
black or gangrenous blister, nearly always fatal, nevertheless, always 
comes out after four or five days (usuallj^ in the affected spot); i. e., 
as soon as the whole living organism has transformed itself to this 
terrible disease. 

(It is just so with the infection of half- acute miasmas without 
eruption. Among many persons bitten by mad dogs — thanks to the 
benign ruler of the world — only few are infected, rarely the twelfth; 
often, as I mj^self have observed, onl)^ one out of twenty or thirty 
persons bitten. The others, even if ever so badly mangled by the 
mad dog, usually all recover, even if they are not treated by a phy- 
sician or surgeon.*) But with whomsoever the poison acts, it has 
taken effect in the moment when the person was bitten, and the poison 
has then communicated itself to the nearest nerves and, therefore, 
without contradiction, to the whole system of the nerves, and as soon 
as the malady has been developed in the whole organism (for this 
development and completion of the disease nature requires at least 
several days, often many weeks), the madness breaks out as an acute, 
quickl}^ fatal disease. Now if the venomous spittle of the mad dog 
has really taken effect, the infection usually has taken place irrevocably 
in the moment of contagion, for experience shows that even the im- 
mediate excisionf and amputation of the infected part does not protect 
from the progression of the disease within, nor from the breaking out 
of the h^^drophobia — therefore, also, the many hundreds of other 
much lauded external means for cleansing, cauterizing and suppur- 
ating the wound of the bite can protect just as little from the break- 
ing out of the hydrophobia. 

From the progress of all these miasmatic diseases we may plainly 
see that, after the contagion from without, the malady connected with 
it in the interiors of the whole man must first be developed; i. <?., the 
whole interior man must first have become thoroughly sick of small- 
pox, measles or scarlet fever, before these various eruptions can 
appear on the skin. 

■^ We are indebted especially to the careful English and American physi- 
cians for these comforting experiences— to Hunter and H0UI.STON (in London 
Med. Journal, Vol. I. ) , and to Vaughan, Shadwei<i. and Percivai,, whose 
observations are recorded in Jam. Mease's ''On the Hydrophobia, Philadelphia, 

t An eight-year-old girl, in Glasgow, was bitten by a mad dog on the 21st 
of March, 1792. A surgeon immediately exseded the wound altogether, kept it 
suppurating and gave mercury until it produced a mild salivation, which was 
kept up for two weeks; nevertheless hydrophobia broke out on the 27th of 
April and the patient died on the 29th of April. M. Duncan's Med. Comment, 
Dec. II., Vol. YII., Edinb. 1793, and The A^ezv London Med.Joiirn., II. 


For all these aattc miasmatic diseases the human constitution pos- 
sesses that process which, as a rule, is so beneficent : to wipe them 
out (/. c. , the specific fever together with the specific eruption) in 
the course of from two to three weeks, and of itself to extinguish 
them again, through a kind of decision (crisis), from the organism, 
so that man then is wont to be entirely healed of them and, indeed, 
in a short time, unless he be killed by them.^ 

In the chronic miasmatic diseases nature observes t/ie same course 
with respect to the mode of contagion and the antecedent formation 
of the internal disease, before the external declarative symptoms of its 
internal completion manifests itself on the surface of the body; but 
then that great remarkable difference from the acute diseases shows 
itself, that in the chronic miasmata the entire internal disease, as we 
have mentioned before, remains in the organism during the whole 
life, 3^ea, it increases with every year, if it is not exterminated and 
thoroughly cured by art. 

Of these chronic miasmata I shall for this purpose only adduce 
those two, which we know somewhat more exactly; namely, the 
^venereal chancre and the itch. 

In impure coition there arises, most probably at the very moment 
in the spot which is touched and rubbed, the specific contagion. 

If this contagion has taken effect, then the whole living body is 
in consequence seized with it. Immediately after the moment of 
contagion the formation of the venereal disease in the whole of the 
interior begins. 

In that part of the sexual organs where the infection has taken 
place, nothing unnatural is noticed in the first days, nothing dis- 
eased, inflamed or corroded; so also all washijig and cleansing of the 
parts inwiediately after the impure coitio7i is in vai7i. The spot re- 
mains healthy according to appearance, onl}^ the internal organism is 

^ Or have these various, acute, half-spiritual miasmas the peculiar charac- 
teristic that — after they have penetrated the vital force in the first moment of 
the contagion (and each one in its own way has produced disease) and then, 
Hke parasites, have quickly grown up within it and have usually developed 
themseh-es by their peculiar fever, after producing their fruit (the mature 
cutaneous eruption which is again capable of producing its miasma) — they again 
die out and leave the living organism again free to recover ? 

On the other hand, are not the chronic miasmas disease-parasites which 
continue to live as long as the man seized by them is alive, and which have 
their fruit in the eruption originall}- produced by them (the itch-pustule, the 
chancre and the figwart, which in turn are capable of infecting others) and 
which do not die off of themselves like the acute miasmas, but can only be ex- 
terminated and annihilated by a cotinter-infection, by means of the potency of a 
medicinal disease quite similar to it and stronger than it (the anti-]-)soric\ so 
that the patient is delivered from them and recovers his health ? 


called into activity by the infection (which occurs usually in a 
moment) , so as to incorporate the venereal miasma and to become 
thoroughly diseased with the venereal malady. 

Only when this penetration of all the organs by the disease 
caught has been effected, only when the whole being has been 
changed into a man entirely venereal, i. e., when the development of 
the venereal disease has been completed, only then diseased nature 
endeavors to mitigate the internal evil and to soothe it, by producing 
a local symptom which first shows itself as a vesicle (usually in the 
spot originally infected), and later breaks out into a painful ulcer 
called the chancre; this does not appear before five, seven or four- 
teen days, sometimes, though rarely, not before three, four or five 
weeks after the infection. This is therefore manifestly a chancre 
ulcer which acts vicariously for the internal malady, and which has 
been produced from within by the organism after it has become 
venereal through and through, and is able through its touch to com- 
municate also to other men the same miasma; i. e., the venereal 

Now, if the entire disease thus arising is again extinguished 
through the internally given specific remedy, then the chancre also 
is healed and the man recovers. 

But if the chancre is destroyed through local applications ^ before 
the internal disease is healed, — and this is still a daily practice with 
physicians of the old school, — the miasmatic chronic venereal disease 
remains in the organism as syphilis, and it is aggravated, if not then 
cured internallj^, from j^ear to year until the end of man's life, even 
the most robust constitution being unable to annihilate it within 

Only through the cure of the venereal disease, which pervades 
the w^hole internal of the body (as I have taught and practiced for 
many years), the chancre, its local symptom, will also simultane- 

"The venereal disease not only breaks out through the removal of the 
chancre by the cautery, — in which case some wretched casuists have considered 
SA'philis as resulting from the driving back of the poison out of the chancre into 
the interior of the body, which up to this time is supposed by them to have 
been healthy, — no, even after the quick removal of the chancre without any ex- 
ternal stimulants, the venereal disease breaks out, which gives additional con- 
firmation, if this were needed, of the indubitable pre-existence of syphilis in the 
system. ''Petit cut off a part of the labia minora, in which for some days a 
venereal chancre had appeared; the wound healed, indeed, but the venereal 
disease broke out notwithstanding." M. s. Fabre, Lettres, supplement a son 
traite des maladies veneriemies, Paris, 1786. Of course! because the venereal dis- 
ease was present in the whole interior of the body even before the outbreak of 
the chancre. 


oush" be cured in the most effective manner; and this is best effected 
T^-ithout the use of an}' external appHcation for its removal — while the 
mereh- local destruction of the chancre, without any previous general 
cure and deliverance of man from the internal disease, is followed by 
the most certain outbreak of syphilis with its sufferings. 

Psora (itch disease), like syphilis, is a miasmatic chronic disease, 
and its original development is similar. 

The itch disease is, however, also the most contagious of all 
chronic miasmata, far more infectious than the other two chronic 
miasmata, the venereal chancre disease and the figwart disease. To 
effect the infection with the latter there is required a certain amount 
of friction in the most tender parts of the body, which are the most 
rich in nerv^es and covered with the thinnest cuticle, as in the genital 
organs, unless the miasma should touch a wounded spot. But the 
miasma of the itch 7ieeds only to touch the general skin, especially with 
tender children. The disposition of being affected with the miasma 
of itch is found with almost everj^one and under almost all circum- 
stances, which is not the case with the other two miasmata. 

No other chronic miasma infects more generally, more surely, 
more easily and more absolutely than the miasma of itch; as already 
stated, it is the most contagious of all. It is communicated so easily, 
that even the physician, hurrying from one patient to another, in feel- 
ing the pulse has unconsciously^ inoculated other patients with it; 
wash which is washed with wash infected with the itch; f new gloves 
which had been tried on by an itch patient, a strange lodging place, 
a strange towel used for drying oneself have communicated this tinder 
of contagion; yea, often a babe, when being born, is infected while 
passing through the organs of the mother, who maybe infected (as is 
not infrequently the case) with this disease; or the babe receives this 
unlucky infection through the hand of the midwife, which has been 
infected by another parturient woman (or previously); or, again, a 
suckling may be infected by its nurse, or, while on her arm, by her 
caresses or the caresses of a strange person with unclean hands; 
not to mention the thousands of other possible ways in which things 
polluted with this invisible miasma may touch a man in the course 
of his life, and which often can in no way be anticipated or guarded 
against, so that men who have never been infected by the psora are 
the exception. We need not to hunt for the causes of infection in 
crowded hospitals, factories, prisons, or in orphan houses, or in the 
filthy huts of paupers; even in active life, in retirement, and in the 

*Car. Musitani, Opera de tumoribus. Cap. 20. 

fAs W11.1.IS has noticed in Turner, des maladies de la peau, traduit dc 
Vanglois, ct Paris, 1783, To7n. II., Cap. 3, p. 77. 


rich classes, the itch creeps in. The hermit on Montserrat escapes it 
as rarely in his rocky cell, as the little prince in his swaddling clothes 
of cambric. 

As soon as the miasma of itch, e. g., touches the hand, in the 
moment when it has taken effect, it no more remains local. Hence- 
forth all w^ashing and cleansing of the spot avail nothing. Nothing 
is seen on the skin during the first days; it remains unchanged, and, 
according to appearance, healthy. There is no eruption or itch- 
ing to be noticed on the body during these days, not even on the 
spot infected. The ner\-e w^hich was first affected by the miasma 
has already communicated it in an invisible dynamic manner to the 
nerves of the rest of the body, and the living organism has at once, 
all unperceived, been so penetrated by this specific excitation, that it 
has been compelled to appropriate this miasma gradually to itself 
until the change of the whole being to a man thoroughly psoric, and 
thus the internal development of the psora, has reached completion. 

Only when the whole organism feels itself transformed by this 
peculiar chronic-miasmatic disease, the diseased vital force endeavors 
to alleviate and to soothe the internal malady through the establish- 
ment of a suitable local symptom on the skin, the itch- vesicles. So 
long as this eruption continues in its normal form, the internal /^(?r^, 
with its secondary ailments, cannot break forth, but must remain 
covered, slumbering, latent and bound. 

Usuall^^ it takes six, seven or ten, perhaps even fourteen days 
from the moment of infection before the transformation of the entire 
internal organism into psora has been effected. Then only, there 
follows after a slight or more severe chill in the evening and a gen- 
eral heat, followed b3^ perspiration in the following night, (a little 
fever which by many persons is ascribed to a cold and therefore dis- 
regarded), the outbreak of the vesicles of itch, at first fine as if from 
miliary fever, but afterwards enlarging on the skin'-i' — first in the 
region of the spot first infected, and, indeed, accompanied with a 
voluptuously tickling itching which may be called unbearably agree- 
able (^Grim7nen), which compels the patient so irresistibly to rub and 
to scratch the vesicles of itch, that, if a person restrains himself forci- 
bly from rubbing or scratching, a shudder passes over the skin of 
the whole body. This 7'ubbing and scratching indeed satisfies some- 
what for a few moments, but there then follows hjimediately a long- 

* Far from being an independent, merely local, cutaneous disease, the vesi- 
cles or pustules of itch are the reliable proof that the completion of the internal 
psora has already been effected, and the eruption is merely an integrating factor 
of the same; for this peculiar eruption and this peculiar itching make a part of 
the essence of the whole disease in its natural, least dangerous state. 


cojitinued burniiig of the part affected. I^ate in the evening and be- 
fore midnight this itching is most frequent and most unbearable. 

The vesicles of itch contain in the first hours of their formation a 
l3"mph clear as water, but this quickly changes into pus, which fills 
the tip of the vesicle. 

The itching not only compels the patient to rub, but on account 
of its violence, as before mentioned, to rub and scratch open the 
vesicles; and the humor pressed out furnishes abundant material for 
infecting the surroundings of the patient and also other persons not 
yet infected. The extremities defiled even to an imperceptible 
degree with this lymph, so also the wash, the clothes and the uten- 
sils of all kinds, when touched, propagate the disease. 

Only this skin symptom of the psora which has permeated the 
whole organism (and which as more manifestly falling under the 
cognizance of the senses has the name oiitcJi), only this eruption, as 
well as the sores which later arise from it and are attended on their 
borders with the itching peculiar to psora, as also the herpes which 
has this peculiar itching and which becomes humid when rubbed (the 
tetter) , as also the tijiea capitis — these alone can propagate this disease 
to other persons, because they alone contain the communicable 
miasma of \h.^ psora. But the remaining secondary symptoms of the 
psora, which in time manifest themselves after the disappearance or 
the artificial expulsion of the eruption, i. <?. , the general psoric ail- 
ments, cannot at all communicate this disease to others. They are, 
so far as we know, just as little able to transfer \}ci.^ psora to others, as 
the secondary symptoms of the venereal disease are able to infect 
other men (as first observed and taught by J. Hunter) with syphilis. 

When the itch-eruption has only lately broken out and is not yet 
widely spread on the skin, nothing of the general internal malady of 
the psora is as yet to be noticed in the state of the patient. The 
eruptional symptom acts as a substitute for the internal malady and 
keeps the psora with its secondary ailments as it were latent and 

In this state, the disease is most easily cured through specific 
remedies internally administered. 

But if the disease is allowed to advance in its peculiar course 

* As also the chancre, when not expelled, acts vicariously and soothingl}' for 
the syphilis within, and does not permit the venereal disease to break out, so 
long as it remains undisturbed in its place. I examined a woman who was free 
from all the secondary symptoms of the venereal disease; with her a chancre 
had remained in its place untreated for two years, and had gradually acquired 
the size of almost an inch in diameter. The best preparation of JAvr//;^', 
internally administered, soon and entirely healed, not only the internal malady, 
but also the chancre. 


without the use of an internal curative remed}^ or an external appli- 
cation to drive away the eruption, the whole disease within rapidly 
increases, and this increase of the internal malad}^ makes necessary a 
corresponding increase of the skin-symptom. The itch-eruption, 
therefore, in order to be able to soothe and to keep latent the 
increased internal malad}^, has to spread and must finally cover the 
whole surface of the body. 

Yet even at this acme of the disease the patient still appears 
healthy in everj^ other respect; all the symptoms of the internal 
Psora, now so much increased, still remain covered and assuaged 
through the skin-symptom augmented in the same proportion. But 
so great a torture, as is caused by so unbearable an itching spread 
over the whole body, even the most robust man cannot continue to 
bear. He endeavors to free himself from these torments at any 
price, and, as there is no thorough help for him with the ph3^sicians 
of the old school, he endeavors to secure deliverance at least from 
this eruption, which itches so unbearably, even if it should cost his 
life; and the means are soon furnished him, either by other ignorant 
persons, or by Allopathic physicians and surgeons. He seeks deliver- 
ance from his external tortures, without suspecting the greater mis- 
fortune which unavoidably follows, and is bound to follow, on the ex- 
pulsion of the external skin-symptom (which hitherto has acted 
vicariously for the internal enlarged psora-disease), as has been 
sufficiently proved by the observations mentioned before. But when 
he thus drives away such an eruption of itch by external applica- 
tions, he exposes himself to a similar misfortune, and acts just as 
unreasonably, as a person who in order to be quickly delivered from 
poverty, and thus as he supposes to make himself happy, steals a 
great sum of money, and is, therefore, sent to the dungeon and the 

The longer the itch-disease has already lasted, whether the erup- 
tion, as is usually the case, has spread over the greater part of the 
skin, or whether, owing to a peculiar lack of activity in the skin, (as 
in some cases) the eruption has been confined to a few vesicles of 
itch* — in both cases, supposing onl}^ that the Psora together with its 
skin-sympton has grown old, the expulsion of the eruption of itch, 
whether greater or smaller or even as small as you please, is attended 
with the most destructive consequences on account of the internal 
itch-disease {psora) with its unspeakable sufferings, which, through 
its long continuance, has increased to a high degree and then un- 
avoidably breaks forth. 

But the ignorance of the uninstructed layman may be pardoned if 

"See the obsen^ation to No. 86, p. 29. 



he drives out the itch-eruption and the troublesome itching by a 
cold shower-bath, b}^ rolling in snow, b}^ cupping, or by rubbing the 
whole skin, or onl}^ the skin around the joints, with sulphur mixed 
with lard; for he does not know to what dangerous accidents and 
outbreaks of the Psora-disease, that lurks within, he thereby opens 
the door and ingress. But who will pardon the men whose office 
and duty it is to know the extent of the inevitably following, illimit- 
able misfortune, resulting from the external expulsion of the itch- 
eruption, owing to the Psora which is then aroused from the whole 
organism, and who ought to have guarded against it in every way 
b}^ a thorough internal cure of the whole of this disease,* when we 

■^For even when the itch-disease has reached this high degree, the eruption, 
together with the internal malady, in one word, the whole psora^ may still be 
healed by the internal, specific Homoeopathic remedies, with greater difficulty, 
indeed, than in the beginning, immediately after its origin, but still far more 
easily and certahily than after a complete expulsion of the eruption by mere 
external applications, when we must cure the internal psora as it brings forth 
its secondary symptoms and develops into nameless chronic diseases. The itch- 
disease, though it may have advanced so far, may nevertheless in its efitire state 
be most easily, certainly and thoroughly cured, together with its external 
eruption, through the suitable internal remedies, without the least local applica- 
tion, just as the venereal chancre disease may most surely and easily be thor- 
oughly cured often by the least, single dose of the best preparation of mercury 
internally administered — when the chancre, without calling in the aid of the 
least external remedy, quickly becomes a mild ulcer, and in a few days heals of 
itself, so that no trace of secondary symptoms ( venereal disease ) then ever ap- 
pears or can appear, since the internal symptom has been cured together with 
the local symptom, as I have taught for many years orally and in my writings, 
and have proved by my cures of this kind. 

How can we excuse the whole host of physicians, who, hitherto, after treat- 
ing this generally spread venereal disease for more than three hundred years, 
nevertheless remain so ignorant in recognizing its nature, that in looking at a 
chancre they even to this day acknowledge nothing diseased in the infected 
patient, but this same chancre, and do not see the syphilis, which was already 
present within and had been developed in the whole organism, even before the 
breaking out of the chancre; and so they blindly suppose, that the chancre is 
the only venereal evil which is to be extirpated, and that this needs but to be 
destroyed by external applications, in order to be able to declare the man cured; 
and this without being instructed, by the many thousand cases in their experi- 
ence, that by the local extermination of the chancre they have never done any- 
thing but injury, as they have only deprived the syphilis pre-existing within of 
its diverting local symptom, and have thereby compelled the internal malady 
to break out only the more certainly and dreadfully (and in a manner more 
difficult of cure), as venereal disease. How can such a universal, pernicious 
obliquity of vision be excused ? 

Or why did these physicians never reflect on the origin of the figwarts? 
Why did they always overlook the internal universal malady, which is the 
cause of these excrescences? It is only when this is recognized, that it can 


see them treat the itch patients all in the same erroneous manner; 
3'ea, with even more violent internal and external remedies, with 
sharp purgatives, with the Jasser ointment, with lotions of acetate of 
lead, with the sublimate of mercurj- or sulphate of zinc, but especi- 
ally with an ointment prepared of fat with flowers of sulphur or vrith 
a preparation of mercur^^; mth which the3^ lightly and carelessly 
destro3' the eruption, declaring ' ' this is merely an impurity located 
in the skin, and must be driven out; then ever3'thing will be well 
and the man will be healthy and free from everA^ ailment." Who 
can pardon them if they are not willing to learn from the man}^ 
warning examples recorded by the older, more conscientious observ- 
ers, nor b}' the manj^ thousands of other examples, which frequently, 

be thoroughl}- cured b}- its Honioeopathic remedies, which, then cause the fig- 
warts to be healed, without the application of any external means of destruction. 

But even if a shadow of an excuse might be ofifered for this sad negligence 
and ignorance, and if anyone would claim, that these physicians have only had 
three and one-half centuries, in which to discern clearly the true nattire of 
syphilis, and that they might have learned this truth after a still more extended 
practice (still I have endeavored, though in vain, to con\dnce them of their 
error a number of j-ears ago and since then from time to time), nevertheless, 
that general negligence of pre^dous ph^-sicians and, I may well say, their obsti- 
nate blindness, are quite without excuse, in that they did not recognize the 
internal pre-existing malady, the psora, which lies at the bottom of the itch- 
disease, which has infected men for several thousands of 3'ears, and that they 
ignored in their proud levity all the facts which point to it, so that the}^ might 
continue the delusion and leave the world in its destructive infatuation that: 
the unheai-ably itching pustules are only a mere superficial ailment of the skin, 
and by their local destruction man is delivered from the zuhole disease, and has 
fully recovered. 

Xot perchance mere medical scribblers, no, the greatest and most celebrated 
physicians of modern and most modern days have made themselves guilty of 
this grievous error ( or shall I say of this intentional crime), from vox Hei,moxT 
even to the latest advocates of the Allopathic medical practice. 

B}^ the use of the above mentioned remedies, they indeed usually reached 
their aim; i. e., the driving away of the eruption and of the itching from the 
skin, and they supposed in the intoxication of their spirit (or at least they pre- 
tended), they had destroyed the disease itself and, indeed, totally, and they sent 
away the patients, thus abused, assuring them that they were again healthy. 

All the sufferings, which follow the one-sided destruction of the cuta- 
neous eruption, which belongs to the natural form of the psora, they passed off 
as a newly arisen disease, o^^dng to quite another origin. In their narrowness 
of mind, thej* never regarded the innumerable, plain testimonies of honest 
observers of earlier days, which record the sad consequences of the local expul- 
sion of the itch-eruption, which often followed so closely, that a man would 
have to deny his reason, or else acknowledge them as the immediate result of 
the indwelling severe malady ( the psora ) , which had been deprived of the local 
symptom (the cutaneous eruption), destined by nature to alle\date the internal 
malady, whence the uncured internal disease has been compelled to a manifest 
outbreak of its secondary S3-mptoms. 


3'ea, almost daih', come before their e3^es ? Yet they cannot see nor 
be convinced as to the certain, quickly fatal or lifelong insidious 
misfortune the}- bring upon the itch-patient through the destruc- 
tion of his eruption, as they thus merely unfetter the internal 
malady (psora), which is laden with innumerable ailments. This 
disease is neither destroyed nor cured; and so this thousand-headed 
monster, instead of being conquered, is inexorably let loose against 
the deceived patient to his destruction, by tearing down the barriers 
that shut it in. 

It may easily be imagined, as experience also teaches, that the 
more months a neglected itch-eruption has flourished on the skin, 
the more surely has internal psora, which underlies it, been able to 
reach, in even a moderate space of time, a great — and finally its 
greatest — degree, which dreadful increase it also then proves through 
the more dangerous consequences, which the expulsion of so inveter- 
ate an eruption unavoidably draws after it in every case. 

On the other hand, it is just as certain that the eruption of a few 
vesicles of itch which has broken out only a few days before, in 
consequence of a recent infection, may be expelled with less im- 
mediate danger; as the internal psora that has sprung up in the 
whole organism has not yet had time to grow up to a high de- 
gree, and we must confess that the expulsion of a few vesicles of itch, 
that have just arisen, often shows no ivzmediate , manifestly strong, 
evil consequences. Wherefore with delicate and aristocratic persons, 
or their children, it usually remains unknown, that a single vesicle or 
a few vesicles itching violently, which showed only a few days and 
were at once treated b^^ the careful physician with lead ointment or 
a lotion of lead, and which disappeared the following day, had itch 
for their foundation. 

However small the internal psora may be at the time of the quick 
suppression of an itch-eruption, which has only developed a few 
vesicles and which is then followed by only moderate ailments and 
complaints (which are then usually, from ignorance, ascribed by the 
domestic physician to other causes of little import): the internal 
malady oi psora, although as yet of slight degree, remains in its 
character and in its chronic nature the same general psoric disease 
of the whole organism; /. e., ivithout the aid of art it is ineradicable, 
and cannot be extirpated by the strength of eveii the best and most 
robicst bodily constitution, and it will increase even to the end of the 
patient's life. It is usually the case, indeed, that this disease, de- 
prived as early as possible of the first traces of its cutaneous symptom 
by local applications, will grow but slowly in the beginning and will 
make but slow progress in the organism — much slower progress 


than where the eruption has been allowed to remain for a long time 
on the skin; for in the latter case the progress of the internal psora 
is of immense rapidit}"; but the disease, nevertheless, increases un- 
ceasingl)^, and even in the best cases and under the most favorable 
external circumstances, quietl}^ and often for years unperceived hy 
the e5^es; so that an3^one, who does not know the signs of its latent 
presence, would suppose and declare such persons to be healthy and 
free from 2.r\y internal malady. Often for 3^ears it does not manifest 
itself in prominent S3^mptoms, which might be called manifest 

Many hundred observations have graduall}^ acquainted me^ with 
the signs, by which the internally slumbering,! hitherto \2X^n\ psora 
(itch-malad}^) ma}' be recognized even in those cases where it 
has not yet manifested itself in any startling disease, so that I am 
able to root out and to thoroughl}^ cure this malady with its roots, 
more easilj^ before the internal pso7'a has risen to a manifest 
(chronic) disease, and has developed to such a fearful height that 
the dangerous conditions make the cure dif&cult and in some cases 

There are many signs of the psora which is graduall}^ increasing 
within, but is as 3'et slumbering, and has not 3^et come to the full out- 
break of a manifest disease; but no one person has all these symp- 

* It was more easy to me, than to many hundreds of others, to find out and 
to recognize the signs of the Psora as well when latent and as yet slumbering 
\^'ithin, as when it has grown to considerable chronic diseases, by an accurate 
comparison of the state of health of all such persons with myself, who, as is 
seldom the case, have never been afflicted with the psora, and have, therefore, 
from my birth even until now in my eightieth year, been entirely free from the 
(smaller and greater) ailments enumerated here and further below, although I 
have been, on the whole, very apt to catch acute epidemic diseases, and have 
been exposed to many mental exertions and thousand fold vexations of spirit. 

t Allopathy has also assumed hidden {latott) conditions of disease in 
patients, in order to explain, or, at least, to excuse its blind inroads with violent 
medicines, blood-lettiug, anodynes, etc. These so-called qualitates occultcE 
Fernelii are, however, wholly suppositious and imaginar}-, as (according to the 
statement of this same physician ) they are supposed not to be recognizable by 
any manifestations and symptoms. But whatever does not make known its 
hidden, imaginary' existence by any sign does not exist for us men, who are 
limited by our Creator in our cognizance of things to observations — it is conse- 
quently a phantom of a roving fancy. It is quite different with the various 
forces slumbering {latent) in nature; despite their ordinary- occultness, they, 
nevertheless, show themselves when the requisite circumstances and conditions 
appear; e. g., latent heat, even in metals that feel cold, is manifested when they 
are rubbed, just as the Psora manifests itself; e. ^., as a drawing pain in the 
sheaths of the muscles, when the person infected with Psora has been exposed 
to a draught, etc. 


toms; the one has more of them, the other a smaller number; the one 
has at present onh^ one of them, but in the course of time he will 
also have others; he maj^ be free from some, according to the 
peculiar disposition of his body or according to the external circum- 
stances of different persons. 


Mostly with children: frequent discharge of ascarides and other 
worms; unsuiferable itching caused by the latter in the rectum. 

The abdomen often distended. 

Now insatiable hunger, then again want of appetite. 

Paleness of the face and relaxation of the muscles. 

Frequent inflammations of the eyes. 

Swellings of the cervical glands (scrofula). 

Perspiration on the head, in the evening after going to sleep. 

Epista^iis with girls and youths (more rarely with older persons), 
often very severe. 

Usually cold hands or perspiration on the palms, (burning in the 
palms) . 

Cold, dry, or ill-smelling sweaty feet, (burning in the soles of the 

The arms or hands, the legs or feet, are benumbed by a slight 

Frequent cramps in the calves (the muscles of the arms and 
hands) . 

Painless subsultus of various portions of the muscles here and 
there on the body. 

Frequent or tedious dry or fluent coryza or catarrh,* or impossi- 
bility of catching a cold even from the most severe exposure, even 
while otherwise having continually ailments of this kind. 

Long continued obstruction of one or both nostrils. 

Ulcerated nostrils (sore nose). 

Disagreeable sensation of dryness in the nose. 

Frequent inflammation of the throat, frequent hoarseness. 

Short tussiculation in the morning. 

Frequent attacks of dyspncea. 

Predisposition to catching cold (either in the whole bod^' or only 
in the head, the throat, the breast, the abdomen, the feet; e. g., in a 
draught, t (usually when these parts are inclined to perspiration), and 
many other, sometimes long continuing ailments arising therefrom. 

"'^The epidemic catarrhal fevers and catarrhs which seize almost everyone, 

even the heaUhiest persons (Grippe, Inflnenza), do not belong to this category. 

t Persons not afflicted Mvith. psora, though draughts and damp cold air may 

not be agreeable to them, do not suffer any colds or evil after-effects therefrom. 


Predisposition to strains, even from carr^'ing or lifting a slight 
weight, often caused even by stretching upward and reaching out the 
arms for objects which are hung high (so also a multitude of com- 
plaints resulting from a moderate stretching of the muscles : head- 
ache, nausea, prostration, tensive pain in the muscles of the neck 
and back, etc.) 

Frequent one-sided headache or toothache, even from moderate 
emotional disturbances. 

Frequent flushes of heat and redness of the face, not unfrequently 
with anxiet}^ 

Frequent falling out of hair of the head, dr3mess of the same, 
man}' scales upon the scalp. 

Predisposition to erysipelas now and then. 

Amenorrhoea, irregularities in the menses, too copious, too scanty, 
too earl}' (too late), of too long duration, too watery, connected with 
various bodily ailments. 

Twitching of the limbs on going to sleep. 

Weariness earh' on awaking; unrefreshing sleep. 

Perspiration in the morning in bed. 

Perspiration breaks out too easily during the daytime, even wdth 
little movement (or inabilit}' to bring out perspiration). 

White, or at least very pale tongue; still more frequently cracked 

Much phlegm in the throat. 

Bad smell from the mouth, frequenth' or almost constantl}', espe- 
cialh' earh' in the morning and during the menses, and this is per- 
ceived either as insipid, or as slightl}' sour, or as if from a stomach 
out of order, or as mould}', also as putrid. 

Sour taste in the mouth. 

Nausea, in the morning. 

Sensation of emptiness in the stomach. 

Repugnance to cooked, warm food, especially to meat (principally 
with children ^ 

Repugnance to milk. 

At night or in the morning, dryness in the mouth. 

Cutting pains in the abdomen, frequently or daily (especially with 
children), more frequently in the morning. 

Hard stools, delaying usually more than a day, clotted, often 
covered with mucus (or nearly always soft, fermenting stools, like 

Venous knots on the anus; passage of blood with the stools. 

Passing of mucus from the anus, with or without faeces. 

Itching on the anus. 


Dark urine. 

Swollen, enlarged veins on the legs (swollen veins, varices). 

Chilblains and pains as from chilblains, even outside of the severe 
cold of winter; even, also, in summer. 

Pains as of corns, without anj^ external pinching of the shoes. 

Disposition to crack, strain or wrench one joint or another. 

Cracking of one or more joints on moving. 

Drawing, tensive pains in the neck, the back, the limbs, especi- 
ally, also, in the teeth (in damp, stormy weather, in northwest and 
northeast winds, after colds, overlifting, disagreeable emotions, etc.). 

Renewal of pains and complaints while at rest, and disappearance 
of the same while in motion. 

Most of the ailments come on at night, and are increased with a 
low barometer, with north and northeast* winds, in winter and 
towards spring. 

Uneasy, frightful, or at least too vivid, dreams. 

Unhealthy skin; every little lesion passes into sores; cracked 
skin of the hands and of the lower lips. 

Frequent boils, frequent felons (whitlows). 

Dry skin on the limbs; on the arms, the thighs, and also at times 
on the cheeks. 

Here or there a rough, scaling spot on the skin, which causes 
at times a voluptuous itching and, after the rubbing, a burning sen- 

Here or there at times, though seldom, a single insufferably pleas- 
ant, but unbearably itching vesicle, at its point sometimes filled with 
pus, and causing a burning sensation after rubbing, on a finger, on 
the wrist or in some other place. 

Suffering from several or from a greater number of these ailments 
(even at various times and frequently), a person will still consider him- 
self as healthy, and is supposed to be so by others. He may also lead 
a quite endurable life in such a state, and without much hindrance, 
attend to his business as long as he is young or still in his vigorous 
years, and so long as he does not suffer any particular mishap from 
without, has a satisfactory income, does not live in vexation or grief, 
does not overexert himself; but especiall}^ if he is of quite a cheerful, 
equable, patient, contented, disposition. With such persons the 
psora (internal itch malady), which may be recognized by a connois- 
seur hy means of a few or by more of the above symptoms, may 
slumber on for man^^ years within, without causing any continuing 
chronic disease. 

"'^'In Europe northeast winds are cold, sharp and dry, corresponding to our 
west winds. — Trail si. 


But still, even in such favorable external relations, as soon as 
these persons advance in age, even moderate causes (a slight vexa- 
tion, or a cold, or an error in diet, etc.), maj^ produce a viole?it attack 
of (Jiowever ojily a briefs disease: a violent attack of colic, inflamma- 
tion of the chest or the throat, erysipelas, fever and the like, and the 
violence of these attacks seems to be out of proportion to its moderate 
cause. This is mostly wont to happen in fall* or winter, but often 
also by preference in springtime. 

But even where a person, whether a child or an adult, w^ho has 
the psora slumbering within him, shows much semblance of health, 
but happens upon the opposite of the above- described favorable con- 
ditions of life, when his health and whole organism have been very 
much weakened and shaken b3^ a prevalent epidemic fever or an 
infectious acute disease,^ smallpox, measles, whooping cough, scarlet 
fever, purple rash, etc , or through an external severe lesion, a 
shock, a fall, a wound, a considerable burn, the breaking of an arm 
or a leg, a hard labor, the confinement due to a disease {usually 
helped on by the incorrect and weakening Allopathic treatment), 
confinement at a sedentary occupation in a gloom}^, close room, 
weakening the vital force; the sad losses of beloved relatives bending 
down the soul with grief, or daily vexation and annoyance 
which embitter the life; deterioration of the food or an entire want of 
what is necessary and indispensable, exposure and in- 
ferior food beating down man's courage and strength; then 
\)i& psora, which has hitherto slumbered, awakes and shows itself in 
the heightened and augmented symptoms enumerated below, in its 
transition to the formation of severe maladies; one or another of the 
nameless (psoric) chronic diseases f breaks out and most of all 

* At the termination of an acute fever there often follows, as if incited by 
such a fever, an appearance of an oldi psora residing in the body, as an eruption 
of itch. This the physicians explain as a new generation of itch in this indi- 
vidual body replete with bad humors {scilicet), since they know nothing of a 
psora in man which may be quiescent for a long period. But the itch-disease 
cannot now be generated or arise or be created anew of itself, just as no small- 
pox or cow-pox, no measles, no venereal chancre disease, etc., can now make 
its appearance with any man without previous infection. 

t The one or the other disease, according to the original bodily constitu- 
tion, a peculiar mode of li\4ng, a peculiar disposition of the mind often arising 
from the individual education or a more receptive or more weakened condition 
of some part of the body, gives a peculiar direction to the disease, and 
thus causes the itch disease to lead to the origin of the one or the 
other disease, so as to show itself preferably in that one direction 
and develop itself in that particular modification. A passionate, peevish 
disposition gives an extraordinary predisposition to the development 
of the psora; so also previous exhaustion through frequent preo-- 
nancies, excessive nursing of infants, extraordinary hardships, exhaust- 


through li^eakeiiing and exliaiLstiiig improper treabnent by allopathic 
physicians, they are aggravate dfrom time to time without intermis- 

ing erroneous medical treatment, debauchery, and a profligate mode of 
hving. The internal itch-disease is, as before mentioned, of such a pecuHar 
nature that it may remain, as it were, tied down and covered up for a long time 
through external favorable surroundings, so that a man may seem to the super- 
ficial observer healthy for years, even for many years, until circumstances 
unfavorable to the body or the soul, or to both, may arise, and serve as a hos- 
tile impulse to awaken the disease slumbering within and thus develop its 
germs. His acquaintances and his physician, yea, the patient himself, can 
not then comprehend how his health could so suddenly fall into a decline. 
To bring some examples for explanation from my own experience: After a 
simple fracture of a limb attended with confinement to bed for five or six 
weeks, there may follow diseased conditions of another kind, the cause of which 
cannot be guessed, which diseased condition, even when measurably removed, 
nevertheless returns, and which even without any error in diet nevertheless 
at their return show aggravation. This is mostly the case in fall (winter) and 
spring and becomes a tedious ailment increasing from year to year, a last- 
ing cure for which, without the substitution of a still worse disease for it by an 
allopathic cure, has been hitherto vainly sought for in the councils of former 
physicians and also in visits to mineral springs. There are in man's life 
innumerable stumbling-blocks or unfavorable occurrences of this kind which 
serve to awaken the psora (the internal itch-disease) which till then has been 
slumbering (perhaps for a long time previously) and which cause its germs to 
develop. They are often of such a nature that the grave evils which gradually 
follow on them are out of all proportion to them, so that no rational man can 
consider those occurrences as sufficient causes for the chronic diseases which 
follow and which are often of a fearful character. But such a man is compelled 
to acknowledge a deeper seated hostile cause of these appearances, which cause 
has only now developed itself 

For example, a young married woman who, viewed superficially and 
according to the common standard, was healthy, but who had in her childhood 
heen infected with psora, had the misfortune to be thrown out of her carriage 
while in the third month of her pregnancy, from which she suffered not 
only slight injury and the fright, but also a miscarriage, and the attendino- 
loss of blood gave her a considerable set-back. In a few weeks, however, her 
youthful constitution had pretty well recovered, and she might have been assured 
of a speedy return to lasting good health, when the announcement of the dan- 
gerous illness of a beloved sister, living at a distance, threw her back and aug- 
mented her former ailments, which had not yet been quite removed, by the 
addition of a multitude of nervous disorders and convulsions, thus turnino- 
them into a serious illness. Better news from her sister, indeed, follow, and at 
last good news. At last her sister, entirely restored herself, pays her a \'isit. 
But the sick young wife still remains sick, and even if she seems to recover 
for a vfeek or two, her ailments nevertheless return without any apparent 
•cause. Kvery succeeding confinement, even when quite easy, everv hard 
winter, adds new ailments to the old, or the former disorders change into 
•others still more troublesome, so that at last there ensues a serious chronic ill- 
:ness, though no one can see why the full vigor of youth, attended by happy 
^external surroundings, should not have soon wiped out the consequence of that 


sion, often to a fearful height, if external circumstances favorable for 
the patient do not interpose, and cause a moderation in the process 
of the malad3\ 

one miscarriage; still less can it be explained why the unfortunate impression 
of those sad tidings should not have disappeared, on hearing of the recovery of 
her sister, or at least on the actual presence of her sister fully restored. 

If the cause must at all times be proportionate to its effect and consequence, 
as is the case in nature, no one can see how, after the removal of the causes as- 
sailing her health, the resulting ailments could not only continue, but even 
increase from year to year, if their cause were not in something else, something 
deeper, so that those unhappy occurrences (the miscarriage and the sad tidings), 
since they both disappeared of themselves and therefore could not possibly yield 
a sufficient ground for the ensuing chronic disease, can only be regarded as the 
occasion, but not the efficient cause, of the development of a hostile power of 
greater importance, pre-existent in the internal organism but hitherto quiescent. 

In a similar manner, a robust merchant, apparently healthy, despite some 
traces of internal psoj^a, perceptible only to the professional examiner, may in 
consequence of unlucky commercial conjunctures become involved in his 
finances, even so as to approach bankruptcy, and at the same time he will fall 
gradually into various ailments and finally into serious illness. The death of a 
rich kinsman, however, and the gaining of a great prize in a lottery, abundantly 
cover his commercial losses; he becomes a man of means — but his illness, 
nevertheless, not only continues but increases from year to year, despite all 
medical prescriptions, in spite of his visiting the most famous baths, or rather, 
perhaps, with the assistance of these two causes. 

A modest girl, who, excepting some signs of internal psora, was accounted 
quite healthy, was compelled into a marriage which made her unhappy of soul, 
and in the same degree her bodily health declined, without any trace of venereal 
infection. No allopathic medicine alleviates her sad ailments, which continu- 
ally grow more threatening. But in the midst of this aggravation, after one 
year's suffering, the cause of her unhappiness, her hated husband, is taken from 
her by death, and she seems to revive, in the conviction, that she is now delivered 
from every occasion of mental or bodily illness, and hopes for a speedy recovery; 
all her friends hope the same for her, as the exciting cause of her illness lies in 
the grave. She also improves speedily, but unexpectedly she still remained an 
invalid, despite the vigor of her youth; yea, her ailments but seldom leave her, 
and are renewed from time to time without any external cause, and they are 
even aggravated from year to 3^ear in the rough months. 

A person who had been unjustly suspected and become involved in a serious 
criminal suit, and who had before seemed healthy, ^4th the exception of the 
marks of latent pso7'a mentioned above, during these harassing months fell into 
various diseased states. But finally the innocence of the accused is acknowledged, 
and an honorable acquittal followed. We might suppose that such a happy, 
gratifying event would necessarily give new life to the accused and remove all 
bodily complaints. But this does not take place, the person still at times suffers 
from these ailments, and they are even renewed mth longer or briefer inter- 
missions, and are aggravated with the passing years, especially in the wintry 

How shall we explain this? If that disagreeable event had been the cause, 
the sufficient cause, of these ailments, ought not the effect; i. e., the disease to 


But even if favorable external conditions should again check the 
rapid development of a disease that has broken out, true health can 
not be lastingly restored by any of the modes of treatment hitherto 
known, and the customary allopathic treatments, with their aggres- 
sive, inappropriate remedies — such as baths, mercury, prussic acid, 
iodine, digitalis, quinine, starvation and other fashionable remedies 
included — only hasten death, the end of all those maladies which 
the ph3^sician cannot heal. 

When once, under the above-mentioned unfavorable outward sur- 
roundings, the transition oi\\\.^ psora from its slumbering and bound 
condition to its awakening and outbreak has taken place, and the 
patient leaves himself to the injurious activity of the usual allo- 
pathic physician, who deems it appropriate to his office and his 
income to mercilessly assault the organism of the patient (as we are 
sorry to witness every day) with the battering-rams of his violent,, 
inappropriate remedies and weakening treatments; — in such a case, 
the external circumstances of the patient and his situation with 
respect to his surroundings may have changed ever so favorably, but 
the aggravation of the disease nevertheless proceeds under such 
hands without any escape. 

The awakening of the internal psora which has hitherto slumbered 
and been latent, and, as it were, kept bound by a good bodily consti- 
tution and favorable external circumstances, as well as its breaking 
out into more serious ailments and maladies, is announced by the in- 
crease of the symptoms given above as indicating the slumbering 
psora, and also by a numberless multitude of various other signs and 
complaints. These are varied according to the difference in the bodily 
constitution of a man, his hereditary disposition, the various errors 
in his education and habits, his manner of living and diet, his em- 
ployments, his turn of mind, his morality, etc. 

Then when the itch-malady develops into a manifest secondar}^ 
disease there appear the following symptoms, which I have derived 
and observed altogether from accounts of diseases which I m^^self 
have treated successfully and which confessedly originated from the 
contagion of itch, and were mixed neither with syphilis nor s3xosis. 

have entirely ceased of necessity, after the removal of the cause ? But these 
ailments do not cease, they are in time renewed and even gradually aggravated, 
and it becomes evident that those disagreeable events could not have been the 
sufficient cause of the present ailments and complaints — it is seen that they 
only served as an occasio7i and impetus tozuard the development of a malady, 
which till then only slumbered within. 

The recognition of this old internal foe, which is so frequently present, and 
the science which is able to overcome it, make it manifest, that generally an in- 
dwelling itch disease {psoi'a) was the ground of all these ailments, which can 
not be overcome even by the vigor of the best constitution, but only through 


I am quite willing to believe that many more symptoms ma}^ have 
occurred in the experience of others. 

I would onl}^ add further, that among the symptoms adduced 
there are also such as are entirely opposed to each other, the reason 
of which may be found in the varying bodily constitutions existing 
at the time — when the outbreak of the internal psora occurred. Yet 
the one variety of symptoms is found more rarely than the other and 
it offers no particular obstruction to a cure: 

Vertigo; reeling while walking. 

Vertigo; when closing the eyes, everything seems to turn around 
w^ith him; he is at the same time seized with nausea. 

Vertigo; on turning around briskly, he almost falls over. 

Vertigo, as if there was a jerk in the head, which causes a 
momentary loss of consciousness. 

Vertigo with frequent eructations. 

Vertigo even when only looking down on the level ground, or 
when looking upward. 

Vertigo while walking on a road not enclosed on either side, in 
an open plain. 

Vertigo ; she seems to herself now too large, now too small, or 
other objects have this appearance to her. 

Vertigo, resembling a swoon. 

Vertigo, passing over into unconsciousness. 

Dizziness; inability to think or to perform mental labor. 

Her thoughts are not under her control. 

She is at times quite without thought (sits lost in thought). 

The open air causes dizziness and drowsiness in the head. 

Everything at times seems dark and black before his eyes, while 
walking or stooping, or when raising himself from a stooping posture. 

Rush of blood to the head.^ 

Heat in the head (and in the face).^ 

A cold pressure on the top of the head.^ 

Headache, a dull pain in the morning immediately on wak- 
ing up, or in the afternoon when walking rapidly or speaking 

Headache on one side, with a certain periodicity (after 28, 14 or 
a less number of days), more frequently during full moon, or during 
the new moon, or after mental excitement, after a cold, etc.; a press- 
ure or other pain on top of the head or inside of it, or a boring pain 
over one of the e^^es.^ 

1 While the mind is uneasy, with anxiety and disinclination to work. 

2 Not unfrequently accompanied with coldness of the hands and feet. 
^ Usually accompanied with anxiety. 

^ At the same time a great internal disquiet and anxiety, especially in the 


Headache daily at certain hours; e. ^., a. stitching in the temples.^ 

Attacks of throbbing headache (e.g. , in the forehead) with violent 
nausea as if about to sink down, or, also, vomiting; starting early in 
the evenings, repeated every fortnight, or sooner or later. 

Headache as if the skull w^ere about to burst open."^ 

Headache, drawing pains. ^ 

Headache, stitches in the head (passing out at the ears).* 

Roaring noise in the brain, singing, buzzing, humming, thunder- 
ing, etc. 

The scalp full of drandruff, with or without itching. 

Eruption on the head, tinea capitis, malignant tinea with crusts 
of greater or less thickness, with sensitive stitches when one of the 
places becomes moist; when it becomes moist a violent itching; the 
whole crown of the head painfully sensitive to the open air; with it 
hard swellings of the glands in the neck. 

The hair of the head as if parched. 

The hair of the head frequently falls out, most in front, on the 
crown and top of the head; bald spots or beginning baldness of 
certain spots. 

Under the skin are formed painful lumps, which come and pass 
away, like bumps and round tumors. ° 

Feeling of contraction in the skin of the scalp and the face. 

Paleness of the face during the first sleep, with blue rings around 
the eyes. 

Frequent redness of the face, and heat.*' 

abdomen; a lack of stools, or frequent, scanty evacuations attended with anxiety; 
heaviness in the limbs, quivering in the whole body, tension of all the nerves 
with great irritability and sensitiveness; the eye can not bear any light, lachry- 
mation, sometimes with sweHing of the eyes; the feet are cold; at times at- 
tended with dry coryza; often chills, then again a flying heat; conjoined \\ 
this, continuous nausea, also at times, retching and vomiting; she lies either as 
if stunned, or throws herself anxiously from side to side, the attacks lasting 
from twelve to twenty-four and more hours. After these attacks either great 
weariness with sadness, or a feeling of tension all over the body. Before these 
attacks there are frequently jerks of the limbs during sleep and starting up from 
sleep, anxious dreams, gnashing of the teeth in sleep and tendency to start at 
any sudden noise. 

^ Which also swell at times, with lachrymation of the one eye. 

^ In some cases a drawing pain from the nape of the neck toward the 
occiput, at times also over the whole head and face, which is often bloated from 
it, while the head aches when touched, not infrequently attended with nausea. 

^ Usually while walking, especially while walking and moving after meals. 

*At the same time everything frequenth' appears dark before her face. 

^ Which also in rare cases pass over into suppuration. 

^ He at times also becomes quite weak and weary from it or anxious, and 
he perspires on the upper part of the body; his eyes at times become dim; 


Yellowish, yellow color of the face. 
Sallow yellowish complexion. 
Erysipelas on the face.^ 

Pressive pain on the eyes, especially late in the evening; he must 
shut them. 

He cannot look long at an\i;hing, else everything flickers before 
him; objects seem to move. 

The eyelids, especially in the morning, are as if closed; he 
cannot open them (for minutes; yea, even for hours); the e^^e-lids 
are heavy as if paralyzed or convulsively closed. 

The eyes are most sensitive to da3dight; they are pained by it 
and close involuntarily.^ 

Sensation of cold in the e3'es. 
The canthi are full of pus-like mucus (eye-gum). 
The edges of the eyehds full of dry mucus. 

On the edges of the eyelids, inflammation of single Meibomian 
glands or of several of them. 

Inflammations of the eyes, of various kinds. ^ 
Yellowness around the eyes. 
Yellowness of the white of the eye.* 
Dim, opaque spots on the cornea.^ 
Drops}^ of the ejx. 

Obscuration of the crystalline lens, cataract. 

Far-sightedness; he sees far in the distance, but cannot clearly 
distinguish small objects held close. 

Short-sightedness; he can see even small objects by holding them 
close to the eye, but the more distant the object is, the more indis- 
tinct it appears, and at a great distance he does not see it. 

False vision; he sees objects double, or manifold, or only the 
one-half of them. 

Before his eyes there are floating as it were flies, or black points, 
or dark streaks, or networks, especially when looking into bright 

The eyes seem to look through a veil or a mist; the sight be- 
comes dim at certain times. 

everything becomes black before his eyes, his mind is sad; his head also feels 
as if too full, w-ith burning in the temples. 

^ In some cases vnth. much fever, also at times with burning, itching, sting- 
ing watery blisters in the face, which turn into scabs (Erysipelas bullosum. ) 

2 Usually with more or less inflammation. 

'^ The yistula lachrynialis has probably never any other cause than the itch- 

* Or gray color of the same. 

° Even without having had any previous inflammation of the eyes. 


Xight-blindness ; he sees well in daytime, but, in the twilight he 
cannot see at all. 

Blindness by day; he can only see well during the twilight. 

Amaurosis; uninterrupted dimness of vision^ increased finally 
even to blindness. 

Painfulness of various spots in the face, the cheeks, the cheek- 
bones, the lower jaw, etc., when touched; while chewing, as if fes- 
tering inwardly; also like stitches and jerks; especially in chewing 
there are jerks, stitches and a tension so that he cannot eat.^ 

The hearing is excessively irritateb and sensitive; she cannot 
bear to hear a bell ring without trembling; he is thrown into con- 
vulsions by the beating of .the drum, etc.; many sounds cause pains 
in the ear. 

There are stitches in the ear, outwardly.^ 

Crawling sensation and itching in the ear. 

Drjmess in the ear; dry scabs within, without any ear-wax. 

Running from the ear of thin, usually ill-smelling pus. 

Pulsation in the ear. 

Various sounds and noises in the ear.* 

Deafness of various degrees even up to total deafness, with or 
without noise in the ear; occasionally worse, according to the 

Swelling of the parotid glands.^ 

Kpistaxis, more or less profusely, more or less frequently. 

The nostrils as it were stopped up.^ 

Sensation of dryness in the nose, troublesome even when the air 
passes freely. 

Polypi of the nose (usually with the loss of the power of smell- 
ing); these may extend also through the nasal passages into the 

Sense of smell, weak, lost. 

^ More frequently without opacity of the crystalline lens than with it. 

2 During chewing or speaking there is at times also a similar twitching on 
the sides of the head, where protuberances like painful bumps often arise. 
When the pain is still more unbearable and at times combined with a burning 
pain, it is called Fothergill's pain in the face. 

^ Especially while walking in the open air. 

* Such as clinking, rushing, seething, roaring, humming, chirping, ringing, 
drumming, thundering, whizzing, fluttering, murmuring, etc. 

^ Often with stinging pains in the glands. 

^Either one or both, or alternately, first one, then the other; often there is 
only the sensation of being stopped up, while the air can be freely drawn in 
throuQ-h it. 


Sense of smell perverted.^ 

Too violent sensation of smell, higher and highest sensitiveness 
for even imperceptible odors. 

Scabs in the nose; discharge of pus or hardened clots of mucus.' 
Fetid smell in the nose. 

Nostrils frequently ulcerated, surrounded with pimples and scabs. 
Swelling and redness of the nose or the tip of the nose, frequent 
or continual. 

Under the nose, or on the upper lip, long-lasting scabs or itching 

The red of the lips is quite pale. 

The red of the lips is dry, scabby, peeHng off; it chaps. 
Swelling of the lips, especially of the upper Hp.^ 
The inside of the lips is lined with little sores or blisters.* 
Cutaneous eruption of the beard and of the roots of the hairs of 
the beard, with itching. 

Eruptions of the face of innumerable kinds. ° 
Glands of the lower jaw swollen, sometimes passing over into 
chronic suppuration. 

Glandular swellings down the sides of the neck. 
Gums bleeding at a slight touch. 

Gums, the external or the internal, painful, as if from wounds. 
Gums, with erosive itching. 
Gums, whitish, swollen, painful on touching. 
Gums, recession, leaving the front teeth and their roots bare. 
Gnashing of the teeth during sleep. 

Looseness of the teeth, and many kinds of deterioration of the 
teeth, even without toothache. 

Toothache of innumerable varieties, with varying causes of exci- 

She cannot remain in bed at night, owing to toothache. 
On the tongue, painful blisters and sore places. 
Tongue white, coated white or furred white. 
Tongue pale, bluish- white. 

Tongue full of deep furrows; here and there, as if torn above. 
Tongue dry. 

Sensation of dryness on the tongue, even while it is properly 

^ E. g.^ the smell of manure or some other pecviliar smell is in the nose. 
^Sometimes also a discharge of acrid mucus from the nose. 
■' At times with a burning, biting pain. 
* Often very painful, coming and passing away. 

^ Milk-crust, pimples, blotches, herpes and carcinomatous ulcers of the nose, 
lips and face (also called cancer), with burning and stinging pain. 


Stuttering, stammering; also at times sudden attacks of in- 
abilit}' to speak. 

On the inside of the cheeks painful blisters or sores. 

Flow of blood from the mouth; often severe. 

Sensation of dryness of the whole internal mouth, or merely 
in spots, or deep down in the throat.^ 

Fetid smell from the mouth. 

Burning in the throat. 

Constant flow of saliva, especially while speaking, particularly 
in the morning. 

Continual spitting of saliva. 

Frequent mucus deep down in the throat (the fauces), which 
he has to hawk up and expectorate frequently during the day, 
especially in the morning. 

Frequently inflammation of the throat, and swelling of the 
parts used in swallowing. 

Insipid, slim}^ taste in the mouth. 

Intolerably sweet taste in the mouth, almost constantly. 

Bitter taste in the mouth, mostly in the morning.^ 

Sourish and sour taste in the mouth, especially after eating, 
though the food tasted all right. ^ 

Putrid and fetid taste in the mouth. 

Bad smell in the mouth, sometimes mouldy, sometimes putrid 
like old cheese, or like fetid foot-sweat, or like rotten sour 

Eructations, with the taste of the food, several hours after 

Eructations, empty, loud, of mere air, uncontrollable, often 
for hours, not infrequently at night. 

Incomplete eructation, which causes merely convulsive shocks 
in the fauces, without coming out of the mouth. 

Eructation, sour,' either fasting or after food, especially after 

Eructation, which excites to vomiting. 

Eructation, rancid (especially after eating fat things). 

Eructation, putrid or mouldy, earl}^ in the morning. 

Frequent eructations before meals, with a sort of rabid hunger. 

Heart-burn, more or less frequent; there is a burning along 

^Chiefly on waking up at night or in the morning-, with or Antliout thirst; 
with a great deal of dr3mess in the throat, often a pricking pain in swallowing. 

2 Not rarely, this is constant. 

•'^Rarel}^ an offensively sweet taste in the mouth, even without eating or 


the chest, especially after breakfast, or while moving the 

Water-brash, a gushing discharge of a sort of salivary fluid from 
the stomach, preceded by writhing pains in the stomach (the pan- 
creas), with a sensation of weakness (shakiness), nausea causing 
as it were a swoon, and gathering of the saliva in the mouth, even 
at night. ^ 

The ruHng complaints in any part of the body are excited 
after eating fresh fruit, especially if this is acidulous, also after 
acetic acid (in salads, etc.). 

Nausea early in the morning.^ 

Nausea even to vomiting, in the morning immediately after 
rising from bed, decreasing from motion. 

Nausea always after eating fatt}^ things or milk. 
Vomiting of blood. 
Hiccough after eating or drinking. 

Swallowing impeded by spasms, even causing a man to die of 

Spasmodic, involuntary swallowing. 

Frequent sensation of fasting and of emptiness in the stomach 
(or abdomen), not unfrequently with much saliva in the 

Ravenous hunger (canine hunger) , especially early in the morn- 
ing; he has to eat at once else he grows faint, exhausted 
and shaky, (or if he is in the open air he has to lie straight 
down) . 

Ravenous hunger with rumbling and grumbling in the abdo- 

Appetite without hunger; she has a desire to swallow down 
in haste various things without there being any craving therefor 
in the stomach. 

A sort of hunger; but when she then eats ever so little, she 
feels at once satiated and full. 

When she wants to eat, she feels full in the chest and her 
throat feels as if full of mucus. 

Want of appetite; onl}^ a sort of gnawing, turning and writh- 
ing in the stomach urges her to eat. 

Repugnance to cooked, warm food, especially to boiled meat, 

^ This also at times turns into vomiting of water, mucus, or a gush of acrid 
acid — more frequently after eating flour dumplings, vegetables causing flatu- 
lence, baked prunes, etc. 

2 Often coming ver}- suddenly. 


and hardly aii}^ longing for anj^thing but rye-bread (with butter), 
or for potatoes.^ 

In the morning, at once, thirst; constant thirst. 

In the pit of the stomach there is a sensation of swelling, 
painful to the touch. 

Sensation of coldness in the pit of the stomach. 

Pressure in the stomach or in the pit of the stomach, as from 
a stone, or a constricting pain (cramp). ^ 

In the stomach, beating and pulsation, even when fasting. 

Spasm in the stomach; pain in the pit of the stomach as if 
drawn together.^ 

Griping in the stomach; a painful griping in the stomach;* it 
suddenl}' constricts the stomach, especially after cold drinking. 

Pain in the stomach, as if sore, when eating even the most harm- 
less kinds of foods. 

Pressure in the stomach, even when fasting, but more from every 
kind of food, or from particular dishes, fruit, green vegetables, rye- 
bread, food containing vinegar, etc.^ 

During eating, feels dizzy and giddy, threatening to fall to one 

After the slightest supper, nocturnal heat in bed; in the morning, 
constipation and exceeding lassitude. 

After meals, anxiety and cold perspiration with anxiety.^ 

During eating, perspiration. 

Immediately after eating, vomiting. 

After meals, pressure and burning in the stomach, or in the epi- 
gastrium, almost like heartburn. 

After eating, burning in oesophagus from below upward. 

After meals, distension of the abdomen."^ 

1 Especially in youth and childhood. 

^ In some cases even while fasting, and causing him to wake up out of sleep 
at night, sometimes oppressing the breathing. 

3 Usually a short time after eating. 

* Not infrequently with vomiting of mucus and water, without which in 
such a case the griping is not alleviated. 

^ Even after partaking of the slightest quantity of such things, there may 
also ensue colic, pain or numbness of the jaws, tearing pain in the tee^li, copious 
accumulation of mucus in the throat, etc. 

•^ There may also be pains, renewed now and then; e.g., stitches in the lips, 
griping and digging in the abdomen, pressure in the chest, heaviness in the 
back and the small of the back, even to nausea; when nothing but an artilicially 
excited vomiting will give relief With some the anguish is aggravated after 
eating, even to an impulse to destroy themselves by strangulation. 

"' With this, at times, weariness in the arms and legs. 


After meals, ver}- tired and sleep}'. ^ 

After meals, as if intoxicated. 

After meals, headache. 

After meals, palpitation of the heart. 

Alleviation of several, even remote, complaints from eating. 

The flatus does not pass off, but moves about, causing many ail- 
ments of body and of spirit.^ 

The abdomen is distended by flatus,' the abdomen feels full, 
especiall}^ after a meal. 

Sensation as if the flatus ascended; followed by eructations- 
then often a sensation of burning in the throat, or vomiting by day 
and b}^ night. 

Pain in the hypochondria when touched, and in motion, or also 
during rest. 

Constricting pain in the epigastrium, immediately under the ribs. 

Cutting pains in the abdomen, as if from obstructed flatus; there is 
a constant sensation of fulness in the abdomen — the flatus rises 

Cutting pains in the abdomen almost daily, especially with chil- 
dren, oftener in the morning than in other parts of the day, some- 
times da}' and night, without diarrhoea. 

Cutting pains in the abdomen, especially on the one side of the 
abdomen, or the groin. ^ 

In the abdomen, qualmishness, a sensation of voidness, disagree- 
able emptiness," even immediately after eating, he felt as if he had 
not eaten an3'thing. 

From the small of the back, around the abdomen, especially below 
the stomach, a sensation of constriction as from a bandage, after she 
had had no stool for several da^'s. 

Pain in the liver, when touching the right side of the abdomen. 
Pain in the liver, a pressure and tension — a tension below the 
ribs on the right side. 

Below the last ribs (in the h3'pochondria) , a tension and pressure 
all over, which checks the breathing and makes the mind anxious 
and sad. 

^ Often until the patient lies down and sleeps. 

- At times drawing pains in the limbs, especially in the lower limbs, or 
stitches in the pit of the stomach, or in the side of the abdomen, etc. 

^ The flatus often ascends; less frequently a great quantity of flatus is dis- 
charged, especially in the morning, without smell and without alleviating the 
other ailments; in other cases flatulence, with a great quantit)^ of excessively 
fetid flatus passing off'. 

^ The cutting pain also at times passes down into the rectum and down the 

5 In some cases alternating with a contractive pain in the abdomen. 


Pain in the liver, stitches — mostly when stooping quickly. 

Inflammation of the liver. 

Pressure in the abdomen as from a stone. ^ 

Hardness of the abdomen. 

Crampy colic, a grasping pain in the bowels. 

In colic, coldness on one side of the abdomen. 

A clucking, croaking and audible rumbling and grumbling in the 

So-called uterine spasms, like labor pains, grasping pains often 
compelling the patient to lie down, frequently quickly distending the 
abdomen ^dthout flatulence. 

In the lower abdomen, pains pressing down toward the genitals.^ 

Inguinal hernias, often painful while speaking and singing.* 

Swellings of the inguinal glands, which sometimes turn into 

Constipation; delayed stools sometimes for several days, not in- 
frequently wath repeated ineffectual urging to stool. 

Stools hard, as if burnt, in small knots, like sheep-dung, often 
covered wdth mucus, sometimes also enveloped by veinlets of blood. 

Stools of mere mucus (mucous piles). 

Passage of round worms from the anus. 

Discharge of pieces of tape-worm. 

Stools, in the beginning very hard and troublesome, followed by 

Very pale, whitish stool. 

Gra}^ stools. 

Green stools. 

Clay-colored stools. 

Stools with putrid, sour smell. 

At the stools, cutting pains in the rectum. 

Stools show diarrhoea for several weeks, months, years. ° 

Frequently repeated diarrhoea, with cutting pains in the abdomen, 
lasting several days. 

^ Which often rises to the pit of the stomach, digging and causing vomiting. 

^ At times only in the left side of the abdomen, passing upwards with the 
inspiration and downward with the expiration. 

'^ Pressing down as if to cause a prolapsus, and when it is passed she feels 
heavy in all her limbs, the limbs go to sleep; she must stretch and extend her 

* Inguinal hernias rise as a rule only from internal psora, excepting the few 
cases, when these parts are injured by great external violence, or when the 
hernia arises from superhuman exertions of the body through lifting or pushing 
quickly, while in a great fright. 

^Usually preceded by rumbling or fermentation in the alxlomen; chieily in 
the morning. 


After a stool, especialh^ after a softer, more copious evacuation, 
great and sudden prostration.^ 

Diarrhoea, soon so weakening, that she cannot walk alone. 

Painless and painful hemorrhoidal varices ^ on the anus, in the 
rectum (blind piles). 

Bleeding hemorrhoidal varices on the anus or in the rectum ^ (run- 
ning piles), especialh' during stools, after which the hemorrhoids 
often pain violenth' for a long time. 

With blood}' discharges in the anus or in the rectum, ebullition 
of blood through the bodj^ and short breathing. 

Formication and itching formication in the rectum, with or with- 
out the discharge of ascarides. 

Itching and erosion in the anus and the perinaeum. 

Pol3'pi in the rectum. 

During micturition, anxiet}', also at times prostration. 

At times too much urine is discharged, succeeded bj" great weari- 

Painful retention of urine (with children and old people). 

When he is chilled (feels cold through and through), he cannot 

At times owing to flatulence, she cannot urinate. 

The urethra is constricted in parts, especialh' in the morning.^ 

Pressure on the bladder, as if from an urging to urinate, im- 
mediateh' after drinking. 

He cannot hold the urine for anj' length of time, it presses on 
the bladder, and passes off while he walks, sneezes, coughs or laughs. 

Frequent micturition at night; he has to get up frequently at 
night for that purpose. 

Urine passes off in sleep involuntaril}-. 

1 Especially, weakness in the pit of the stomach, anxiety, restlessness, also 
at times chills in the abdomen or the small of the back, etc. 

- Which not infrequently have a slim}' fluid oozing from them. 

'^ Fistidce in a7io have probably never any other cause than this malady, 
especially when to this there are added a stimulating diet, an excess in spiritu- 
ous liquors, frequent laxatives, a sedentary occupation and abuse of the sexual 

^Diabetes, which with Allopathic remedies is usually so fatal, has probably 
never any other origin than this malady. 

5 The urine frequently passes off as thin as a thread, or the stream spreads 
out; the urine is only discharged in jerks at long intervals; these interruptions 
are frequently caused by a spasm in the neck of the bladder which antagonizes 
the action of the bladder and springs from the same psoric malady. So also 
inflammation of the bladder from strictures of the urethra, and the fistula in 
vesica are always of psoric origin, though in rare cases sycosis may be compli- 
cated with the psora. 


After urinating, the urine continues to drip out for a long time. 

Whitish urine, with a sweetish smell and taste, passes off in 
excessive abundance, with prostration, emaciation and inextinguish- 
able thirst (diabetes). 

During urination, burning, also lancinating pains in the urethra 
and the neck of the bladder. 

Urine of penetrating, sharp odor. 

The urine quickl}^ deposits a sediment. 

The urine discharged is at once turbid like whey. 

With the urine there is discharged from time to time a red sand 
(kidne)^ grits). 

Dark-yellow urine. 

Brown urine. 

Blackish urine. 

Urine with blood particles, also at times complete hematuria. 

Discharge of prostatic fluid after urination, but especially after 
a difficult stool (also almost constant dripping of the same).^ 

Nocturnal passage of semen, too frequent, one, two or three times 
a week, or even every night. ^ 

Nightly discharge of the genital fluid in a women, with volup- 
tuous dreams. 

Nocturnal pollutions, even if not frequent, yet immediately at- 
tended by evil consequences.^ 

Semen passes off almost involuntarily in daytime, with little ex- 
citation, often even without erection. 

Erections very frequent, long continuing, very painful without 

The semen is not discharged, even during a long-continued coition 
and with a proper erection,* but it passes off afterward in nocturnal 
pollutions or with the urine. 

Accumulation of water in the tunica vaginalis of the testicle 

There is never a complete erection, even with the most volup- 
tuous excitement. 

^ Sometimes also consumption from the constant oozing out of the pi'ostatic 

^ With healthy chaste young men, pollutions natural!}- onh^ take place every 
twelve or fourteen days, without any attending troubles, and they are followed 
by cheerfulness and a feeling of strength and serenity. 

^ Gloominess, obtuseness, dimness of the thinking powers, diminished vivid- 
ness of the imagination, want of memory, depression, melancholy ; the vision 
is weakened, as well as the digestion and the appetite; stools are retained, a rush 
of blood to the head ensues, also toward the anus, etc. 

■* The testicles in such a case are never drawn up to the Inxly, but hang- 
down more or less. 


Painful twitches in the muscles of the penis. 

Itching of the scrotum, which is sometimes beset with pimples 
and scabs. 

One or both of the testicles chronicall}' swollen, or showing a 
knott}' induration {^Sarcocele) . 

D^indhng, diminution, disappearance of one or both testicles. 

Induration and enlargement of the prostatic gland. 

Drawing pain in the testicle and the spermatic chord. 

Pain as from contusion in the testicle. 

Lack of the sexual desire in both sexes, either frequent or con- 

Uncontrollable insatiable lasciviousness,^ with a cachectic com- 
plexion and sickly bod}^ 

Sterility, impotence, without an}^ original oro^anic defect in the 
sexual parts. ^ 

Disorders of the menstrual function; the menses do not appear 
regularh^ on the twentj^-eighth da}' after their last appearance, they 
do not come on without other ailments and not at once, and do not 
continue steadily for three or four da3's with a moderate quantity' of 
healthy-colored, mild blood, until on the fourth da}' it imperceptibly 
comes to an end without any disturbance of the general health of 
body and spirit; nor are the menses continued to the fortj^-eighth or 
fiftieth 3'ear, nor do thej^ cease gradually and without any troubles. 

The menses are slow in setting in after the fifteenth 3'ear and 
later, or after appearing one or more times, they cease for several 
months and for 3'ears.* 

The menses do not keep their regular periods, they either come 

^ Often for years, yea, for many years. The male and the female genital 
parts cannot then be excited to any agreeable or voluptuous sensation — the body 
of the male penis hangs down relaxed, is thinner than the glans penis, which. 
feels cold and is of a bluish or white color ; in the female parts the labia are not 
excitable, they are relaxed and small ; the vagina almost numb and insensible, 
and usually dry ; sometimes there is a falling out of the hair of the pudenda, or 
entire bareness of the female genital parts. 

- Metromania and Nymphomania are of the same origin. 

^Too freqvient coition from impotent lasciviousness, with too sudden a 
passing oflf of immature, watery semen, or lack of erection, or lack of the issue 
of semen, or lack of sexual desire — menses too copious, or a constant flow of 
blood; watery, scanty or deficient menses; copious discharge of mucus from the 
vagina ( leucorrhcea ) , indurated ovaries, the breasts have either dwindled 
down or become knotty; insensibility, or merely painful sensibility of the 
genital organs, are merely the proximate usual symptoms of sterility or impo- 
tence with the one sex or the other. 

* Consequent sallow paleness and tumefaction of the face, heaviness of the 
limbs, swelHng of the feet, chilliness, weariness, asthma (chlorosis), etc. 


several da3^s too earh^, sometimes ever}^ three weeks, or even every 

The menses flow only one day, onl}^ a few hours, or in impercep- 
tibh' small quantities. 

The menses flow for five, six, eight and more days, but only inter- 
mittently, a little flow ever}^ six, twelve, twenty-four hours, and then 
the}' cease for half or whole days, before more is discharged. 

The menses flow too strongl}^ for weeks, or return ^Imost daily 
(bloody flux). ^ 

Menses of watery blood or of brown clots of blood. 

Menses of very fetid blood. 

Menses accompanied with many ailments, swoons or (mostly 
stitching) headaches, or contractive, spasmodic, cutting pains in the 
abdomen and in the small of the back; she is obliged to lie down, 
vomit, etc. 

Polypi in the vagina. 

Leucorrhoea from the vagina, one or several days before, or soon 
after, the monthl}^ flow of blood, or during the whole time from the one 
menstrual discharge to the other, with a diminution of the menses, or 
continuing solely instead of the menses; the flow is like milk, or like 
white, or yellow mucus, or like acrid, or sometimes like fetid, water.^ 

Premature births. 

^ The menses rarely come several days too late, and flow then in too great 
abundance, with prostrating weariness and many other ailments. 

^ Often followed by swelling of the face, of the hands and feet, painful 
spasms in the breast and the abdomen, innumerable ailments from nervous de- 
bility, excessive sensitiveness, as well in general, as of particular sensory 
organs, etc., and before the appearance of the flow, anxious dreams, frequent 
awakenings with a rush of blood to the head, palpitation, restlessness, etc. 
With a more violent flow of blood from the uterus, there are often cutting pains 
in the one side of the abdomen and in the groin; the cutting pain sometimes 
descends into the rectum and into the thigh; then she frequently cannot urinate, 
or sit down, on account of her pains; after these pains the abdomen aches as if 
it were festering. 

^Leucorrhoea, especially the more malignant kind, is accompanied by an 
innumerable multitude of ailments. Not to mention the lesser ones (such as the 
itching of the pudenda and the vagina, with excoriation on the outside of the 
pudenda and the adjacent part of the thigh, especially in walking), h5'sterical 
states of all kinds follow the more severe cases of this troublesome flux, as also 
disturbances of the mind and spirit, melancholy, insanity, epilepsy, etc. Often 
it comes in the form of an attack, and then it is preceded by a digging in the 
one side of the abdomen, or b}- burning in the stomach, in the lower abdomen, 
in the vagina, or stitches in the vagina and in the mouth of the uterus, or a con- 
strictive pain in the uterus and pressure toward the vagina as if everything were 
about to fall out, also at times most keen pains in the small of the back; the 
flatus is obstructed, causing pain, etc. Has the so-called uterine cancer any 
other origin than this (psora) maladv? 



During pregnancies great weariness, nausea, frequent vomiting, 
swoons, painful varicose veins on the thighs and the legs, and also 
at times on the labia, hj^steric ailments of various kinds, etc. 

Corj^za at once, whenever she comes into the open air; then 
usuall}- a stuffed corj^za while in her room. 

Dry coryza and a stuffed nose often, or almost constantly, also 
sometimes with intermissions. 

Fluent toryza at the least taking of cold, therefore mostly in the 
inclement season and when it is wet. 

Fluent coryza, very often, or almost constantl}^, also in some cases 
uninterruptedly . 

He cannot take cold, even though there have been strong pre- 
monitory symptoms of it, simultaneously with other great ailments 
from the itch malady. 

Hoarseness, after the least amount of speaking; she must vomit 
in order to clear her voice. 

Hoarseness, also sometimes aphony (she cannot speak loud but 
must whisper), after a slight cold. 

Constant hoarseness and aphonj^ for years; he cannot speak a 
loud word. 

Suppuration of the larynx and the bronchia (lar^mgo-bronchial 

Hoarseness and catarrh very often, or almost constantly; his 
chest is continually affected. 

Cough; frequent irritation and crawling in the throat; the cough 
torments him, until perspiration breaks out on his face (and on his 
hands) . 

Cough, which does not abate until there is retching and vomit- 
ing, mostl}^ in the morning or in the evening. 

Cough, which terminates every time with sneezing. 

Cough mostly in the evening after l^ang down and whenever the 
head lies low. 

Cough, waking the patient up after the first brief sleep. 

Cough, especially in the night. 

Cough, worst after awaking in the morning. 

Cough, worst after eating. 

Cough, at once with every deep breath. 

Cough, causing a sensation of soreness in the chest, or at times 
stitches in the side of the chest or the abdomen. 

Dry cough. 

^ Inflammation of the larynx ( croup ) cannot take place with am^ child that 
is free from latent psora or has been made free from it by treatment. 


Cough, with yellow expectoration resembling pus, with or with- 
out spitting of blood. ^ 

Cough, wdth excessive expectoration of mucus and sinking of the 
strength (mucous phthisis). 

Attacks of whooping cough. ^ 

Violent, at times unbearable stitches in the chest at every breath; 
cough impossible for pain; without inflammatory fever (spurious 

Pain in the chest on walking, as if the chest was about to burst. 

Pressive pain in the chest, at deep breathing or at sneezing. 

Often a sHghtly constrictive pain in the chest, which, when it. 
does not quickly pass, causes the deepest dejection.^ 

Burning pain in the chest. 

Frequent stitches in the chest, with or without cough. 

Violent stitches in the side; with great heat of the body, it is al- 
most impossible to breathe, on account of stitches in the chest with- 
hemoptysis and headache; he is confined to his bed. 

Night-mare; he usually suddenly awakes at night from a fright- 
fill dream, but cannot move, nor call, nor speak, and when he en- 
deavors to move, he suffers intolerable pains, as if he were being 
torn to pieces.* 

Obstruction of the breath, with stitching pains in the chest at 
the slightest amount of walking;^ he cannot go a step farther (angina 

Asthma, merely when moving the arms, not while walking. 

Attacks of suffocation especially after midnight; the patient has 
to sit up, sometimes he has to leave his bed, stand stooping forward, 
leaning on his hands; he has to open the windows, or go out into the 
open air, etc.; he has palpitations; these are followed by eructations 
or yawning, and the spasm terminates with or without coughing and 

^ Suppurative pulmonary phthisis has probably seldom any other cause 
than this malady, even when it seems as if the fumes of quicksilver or arsenic 
had caused it; at least most of these cases of suppurative phthisis originate in 
pneumonias mismanaged with blood-letting, and this disease ma}- alwa^-s be 
considered as the manifestation of latent Psora. 

^She is suddenly compelled to cough, but cannot do so, as her breath fails 
her, even to suffocation, with a dark-red, bloated face; usually the oesophagus 
is then also constricted, so that not a drop of water will pass; after eight or ten 
minutes, there follow eructations from the stomach, and the spasm terminates. 

^ Usually the attacks last from evening to morning, the whole night. 

*Such attacks, in some cases, also occur several times in one night, 
especially when he has not been out in the open air during the day. 

^ Especially when ascending a height. 


Palpitation with anxiety, especially at night. 

Asthma, loud, difficult, at times also sibilant respiration. 

Shortness of breath. 

Asthma, on moving, with or without cough. 

Asthma, mostly while sitting down. 

Asthma, spasmodic; when she comes into the open air it takes 
her breath. 

Asthma, in attacks, lasting several weeks. 

Dwindling of the breasts, or excessive enlargement of the same, 
with retroceding nipples. 

Erysipelas on one of the breasts (especially while nursing) . 

A hard, enlarging and indurating gland with lancinating pains 
in one of the mammae.^ 

Itching, also moist and scaly eruptions around the nipples. 

In the small of the back, in the back and in the nape of the neck, 
drawing (tearing), tensive pains. 

Lancinating, cutting, painful stiffness of the nape of the neck; of 
the small of the back. 

Pressive pain between the shoulder-blades. 

Sensation of pressure upon the shoulders. 

In the limbs, drawing (tearing), tensive pains, partly in the 
muscles and partly in the joints (rheumatism). 

In the periosteum, here and there, especially in the periosteum of 
the long bones, pressive and pressive-drawing pains. ^ 

Stitching pains in the fingers or toes.^ 

Stitches in the heels and soles of the feet while standing. 

Burning in the soles of the feet.* 

In the joints a sort of tearing, Hke scraping on the bone, with a 
red, hot swelling which is painfully sensitive to the touch and to the. 
air, with unbearably sensitive, peevish disposition (gout, podagra, 
chiragra, gout in the knees, etc.).^ 

The joints of the fingers, swollen with pressive pains, painful 
when touching and bending them. 

1 Is it probable that the different varieties of cancer of the breast have any 
other origin than this psora malady ? 

These spots then also pain on being touched, as if they were bruised or 



^ In worse, chronic cases, this is aggravated into a cutting pain. 

* Especially at night under a feather bed. 

5 The pains are either worse in daytime, or at night. After every attack, 
and when the inflammation is past, the joints of the hand are painful, as also 
those of the knee, the foot, those of the big toe when moved, when he stands 
up, etc., they feel intolerably benumbed and the limb is weakened. 


Thickening of the joints; they remain hard swollen, and there is 
pain on bending them. 

The joints, as it were, stiff, with painful, difficult motion, the 
ligaments seem too short. ^ 

Joints, painful on motion.^ 

Joints crack on moving, or they make a snapping noise. 

The joints are easily sprained or strained.^ 

Increasing disposition to strains and to overlift oneself even at a 
very slight exertion of the muscles, even in slight mechanical work, 
in reaching out or stretching for something high up, in lifting things 
that are not heavy, in quick turns of the body, pushing, etc. Such 
a tension or stretching of ^the muscles often then occasions long con- 
finement to the bed, swoons, all grades of hysterical troubles,* fever, 
hemoptysis, etc. , while persons who are not psoric lift such burdens 
as their muscles are able to, without the slightest after effects.^ 

The joints are easily sprained at any false movement.*^ 

In the joint, of the foot there is pain on treading, as if it would 

Softening of the bones, curvature of the spine (deformity, hunch- 
back), curvature of the long bones of the thighs and legs {morbus 
angliacs, rickets). 

Fragility of the bones. 

Painful sensitiveness of the skin, the muscles and of the periosteum 
on a moderate pressure. '^ 

^ E. g.^ the tendo AchUlis on standing erect, stiffness of the tarsus, of the 
knees, either transient (after sitting, when rising), or permanent (contraction.) 

'^E.g., the shoulder-joint on raising the arm; the tarsus pains on treading 
as if it was about to break. 

^ E. g., the tarsus, the wrist-joint, the joint of the thumb. 

* Often also, at once severe headache in the crown of the head, which is then 
also painful externally when touched, or suddenly a pain in the small of the 
back, or pain in the uterus, not unfrequently stitches in the side of the breast, or 
between the shoulder blades, which check the respiration, or painful stiffness of 
the neck or spine, frequent audible eructations, etc. 

^The common people, especially in the country, seek alleviation through 
a sort of mesmeric stroking, but without lasting effects; the tendency to over- 
lifting nevertheless remains. It is usually a woman (called SiStroki)ig zcoinajt) 
who makes with the tips of her thumbs passes over the shoulder blades toward 
the shoulders or along the spine, sometimes also from the pit of the stomach 
along below the ribs, only they usually exert too strong a pressure while strok- 

^ E. g.. the ankle at a false step, so also the shoulder-joint. Of this kind is 
also the gradual luxation of the hip-joint (/., e. of the head of the femur from 
the aceiabulum, when the leg then becomes too long, or too short, causing 

^ As when he moderately strikes against something, it becomes very painful 


Intolerable ' pain in the skin (or in the muscles, or in the peri- 
osteum) of some part of the body from a slight movement of the same 
or of a more distant part; e. g., from T;\Tdting there arises a pain in 
the shoulder or in the side of the neck, etc. , while sawing or perform- 
ing other hard labor with the same hand causes no pain; a similar 
pain in the adjacent parts, from speaking and moving the mouth; 
pain in the lips and in the back at a slight touch. 

Numbness of the skin or of the muscles of certain parts and hmbs.' 

Bying off of certain fingers or of the hands or feet.^ 

Crawling or also prickling formication (as from the limbs going to 
sleep) in the arms, in the legs and in other parts (even in the finger- 

A crawling, or whirhng, or an internally itching restlessness, 
especially in the lower limbs (in the evening in bed or early on 
awaking) ; the}^ must be brought into another position ever}^ moment. 

Painful sensation of cold in various parts. 

Burning pains in various parts (frequenth^ without any change 
in the usual external bodily temperature). 

Coldness, repeated or constant of the whole bod}- , or of the one 
side of the bod}^; so also of single parts, cold hands, cold feet which 
frequentlj' will not get warm in bed. 

Chilliness, constant, even without any change in the external 
bodih^ temperature. 

Frequent flushes of heat, especiallj^ in the face, more frequently 
with redness than without; sudden, violent sensation of heat during 
rest, or in slight motion, sometimes even from speaking, with or 
without perspiration breaking out. 

Warm air in the room or at church is exceedingl}^ repugnant to 

and for a long time; the parts on which he hes in bed are very painful, where- 
fore he frequently turns over at night; the posterior muscles of the thigh and 
the bone on which she sits are quite sore; a slight stroke with the hand on the 
thighs causes great pain. A slight knock against a hard object leaves blue 
marks, suffusion of blood. 

^ Of incredible variety. Often burning, jerking, lancinating, but often also 
indescribable, are these pains which communicate a similar intolerable exces- 
sive sensitiveness to the mind. These pains thus affect chiefly the upper parts 
of the body, or the face {tic douloureux), or the skin of the neck, etc., at even 
a gentle touch, in speaking and chewing, — in the shoulder at a slight pressure, 
or movement of the finger. 

-The sense of touch is lacking; the parts feel hard and tumid, either 
periodical!}- or permanently (constant insensibilit}-). 

^The limb then becomes white, bloodless, without feeling and quite cold, 
often for hours, especially while it is cool (stroking with a piece of zinc toward 
the tips of the fingers or the toes usually drives it away quickly, but only as a 


her, makes her restless, causes her to move about (at times with a 
pressure in the head, over the eyes, not infrequently alleviated by 
epistaxis) . 

Rushes of blood, also at times a sensation of throbbing in all the 
arteries (while he often looks quite pale, with a feeling of prostration 
throughout the bod}^). 

Rush of blood to the head. 

Rush of blood to the chest. 

Varices, varicose veins in the lower limbs (varices on the 
pudenda), also on the arms (even with men), often with tearing pains 
in them (during storms), or with itching in the varices.^ 

Krj'Sipelas, partly in the face (with fever), partly on the limbs, 
on the breast while nursing, especially in a sore place (with a prick- 
ling and burning pain). 

Whitlow, paronychia (sore finger with festering skin). 

Chilblains (even when it is not winter) on the toes and fingers, 
itching, burning and lancinating pains. 

Corns, which even without external pressure cause burning, lan- 
cinating pains. 

Boils (furuncles), returning from time to time, especially on the 
nates, the thighs, the upper arms and the body. Touching them 
causes fine stitches in them. 

Ulcers on the thighs, especially, also upon the ankles and above 
them and on the lower part of the calves, with itching, gnawing, 
tickling around the borders, and a gnawing pain as from salt on the 
base of the ulcer itself ; the parts surrounding are of brown and bluish 
color, with varices near the ulcers, which, during storms and rains, 
often cause tearing pains, especially at night, often accompanied with 
erysipelas after vexation or fright, or attended with cramps in the 

Tumefaction and suppuration of the humerus, the femur, the 
patella, also of the bones of the fingers and toes {spina veiitosd). 

Thickening and stiffening of the joints. 

Eruptions, either arising from time to time and passing awa}' 
again; some voluptuously itching pustules, especially on the fingers 
or other parts, which, after scratching, burn and have the greatest 
similarity to the original itch-eruption; 

or 7iettle-rash, like stings and water-blisters, mostly with 

burning pain; 
ox pimples without pain in the face, the chest, the back, the 
arms and the thighs; 

^The swellings of the arteries ( aneurismata ) seem to have no other orii;in 
than W\^ psora. 



or herpes in fine miliary grains, closely pressed together into 
round, larger or smaller spots of mostly reddish color, 
sometimes dry, sometimes moist, with itching, similar to 
the eruption of itch and with burning after rubbing 
them. They continually extend further to the circum- 
ference wdth redness, while the middle seems to become 
free from the eruption and covered wath smooth, shining 
skin {Jierpes circinatus). The moist herpes on the legs 
are called salt-rheum; 
or crusts raised above the surrounding skin, round in form, 
wdth deep-red, painless borders, with frequent violent 
stitches on the parts of the skin not yet affected; 
or small, round spots on the skin, covered wdth bran-like, 
dry scales, which often peel off and are again renewed 
without sensation; 
or red spots of the skin, which feel dry, with burning pain; 
somew^hat raised above the rest of the skin. 
Freckles, small and round, browm or brownish spots in the face, 
on the hands and on the chest, without sensation. 

Liver spots, large browmish spots which often cover whole limbs, 
the arms, the neck, the chest, etc., without sensation or with itching. 
Yellowness of the skin, yellow^ spots of a like nature around the 
eyes, the mouth, on the neck, etc., without sensibility^ ^ 
Warts on the face, the lower arm, the hands, etc.^ 
Encysted tumors in the skin, the cellular tissue beneath it, or in 
the burses mucosa of the tendons (exostosis), of various forms and 
sizes, cold without sensibility.^ 

Glandular swellings around the neck, in the groin, in the bend 
of the joints, the bend of the elbow^ of the knee, in the axillae,* also 
in the breasts. 

Dryness of the (scarf) skin either on the w^hole body with in- 
ability to perspire through motion and heat, or only in some parts. ^ 

^ After riding in a carriage, yellowness of the skin comes on most quickly, 
if it is not yet constant but only occasional. 

2 Especially in youth. Many remain only a short time and pass away to 
give place to another symptom of psora. 

^ The fungus hematodes, which has lately become such a dreadful plague, 
has, according to the conclusions I am compelled to draw from several cases, 
no other source than psora. 

* At times the}- pass over, after lancinating pains, into a sort of chronic sup- 
puration, in which, however, instead of pus, only a colorless mucus is secreted. 

^ Especially on the hands, the outer side of the arms and legs, and even in 
the face; the skin is dry, rough, parched, feels chapped, and often has scales 
like bran. 


Disagreeable sensation of drjmess over the whole body (also in 
the face, around and in the mouth, in the throat, or in the nose, 
although the breath passes freely through it). 

Perspiration comes too easih' from slight motion; even while 
sitting, he is attacked with perspiration all over, or merely on some 
parts; e. g., almost constant perspiration of the hands and feet,^ so 
also strong perspiration in the axillae ' and around the pudenda. 

Daily morning sweats, often causing the patient to drip, this for 
many j^ears, often with sour or pungent-sour smell. '^ 

One-sided perspiration, only on one side of the body, or only on 
the upper part of the body, or only on the lower part. 

Increasing susceptibility to colds, either of the whole body (often 
even from repeatedly wetting the hands, now with warm water, then 
with cold, as in washing clothes), or only susceptibility of certain 
parts of the body, of the head, the neck, the chest, the abdomen, the 
feet, etc., often in a moderate or slight draught, or after slightly 
moistening these parts ;'^ even from being in a cooler room, in a rainy 
atmosphere, or with a low barometer. 

So-called weather prophets ; i. <?. , renewed severe pains in parts of 
the body which were formerly injured, wounded, or broken, though 
they have since been healed and cicatrized; this renewed pain sets 
in, when great changes of the weather, great cold, or a storm are 
imminent, or when a thunderstorm is in the air. 

Watery swelling, either of the feet alone, or in one foot, or in the 
hands, or the face, or the abdomen, or the scrotum, etc., alone, or 
again cutaneous swelling over the whole body (dropsies) . 

Attacks of sudden heaviness of the arms or legs. 

Attacks of paralytic weakness and paralytic lassitude of the one 
arm, the one hand, the one leg, without pain, either arising suddenl}^ 
and passing quickly, or commencing gradually and constanth' in- 

^ The latter is usually very fetid and so abundant that, after even a short 
walk, the s@les of the feet, the heels and toes are soaked and sore. 

2 Not infrequently of red color or of a rank smell like that of he goats or 
that of garlic. 

•^ Here belongs the perspiration of psoric children on their head after going 
to sleep in the evening. 

*The ailments following from it, immediately afterwards, are then con- 
siderable and manifold: Pains in the limbs, headaches, catarrh, sore throat, 
and inflammation of the throat, cor3^za, swelling of the glands of the neck, 
hoarseness, cough, dyspnoea, stitches in the chest, fever, troubles of digestion, 
colic, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomachache, rising of water from the stomach, also 
stitches in the face and other parts, iaundice-like color of the skin, etc. No 
person who is not psoric ever suffers the least after-effects from such causes. 


Sudden bending of the knees. 

Children fall easil}^ without an}^ visible cause. Also similar 
attacks of weakness, with adults, in the legs, so that in walking one 
foot glides this wa^' and the other that wa}', etc. 

While walking in the open air sudden attacks of faintness, 
especiall}^ in the legs.^ 

While sitting, the patient feels intolerablj^ weary, but stronger 
while walking. 

The predisposition to spraining and straining the joints at a mis- 
step, or a wrong grasp, increases at times even to dislocation; e. g., in 
the tarsus, the shoulder-joint, etc. 

The snapping and cracking of the joints at an}^ motion of the 
limb increases with a disagreeable sensation. 

The going to sleep of the limbs increases and follows on slight 
causes; e. g., in supporting the head with the arm, crossing the legs 
while sitting, etc. 

The painful cramps in some of the muscles increase and come on 
without appreciable cause. 

Slow, spasmodic straining of the flexor muscles of the limbs. 

Sudden jerks of some muscles and limbs even while waking; e. g. , 
of the tongue, the lips, the muscles of the face, of the pharynx, of 
the eyes, of the jaws, of the hands and of the feet. 

Tonic shortening of the flexor muscles (tetanus) . 

Involuntary turning and twisting of the head, or the limbs, with 
full consciousness (St. Vitus' dance). 

Sudden fainting spells and sinking of the strength, with loss of 

Attacks of tremor in the limbs, without anxiety. Continuous, 
constant trembling, also in some cases beating with the hands, the 
arms, the legs. 

Attacks of loss of consciousness, lasting a moment or a minute, 
with an inclination of the head to the one shoulder, with or without 
jerks of one part or the other. 

Epilepsies of various kinds. 

Almost constant yawning, stretching and straining of the limbs. 

Sleepiness during the day, often immediately after sitting down, 
especially after meals. 

Difiiculty in falhng asleep, when abed in the evening; he often 
lies awake for hours. 

^ At times the feeUng of faintnees seems to rise up even to the scrobiculns 
cordis, where it turns into a ravenous hunger, which suddenly deprives him of 
all strength; he is attacked wdth tremor and has immediately to He down for a 


He passes the nights in a mere slumber. 

Sleeplessness, from anxious heat, every night, an anxiety which 
sometimes rises so high, that he must get up from his bed and walk 

After three o'clock in the morning, no sleep, or at least no sound 

As soon as he closes his eyes, all manner of phantastic appear- 
ances and distorted faces appear. 

In going to sleep, she is disquieted by strange, anxious fancies; 
she has to get up and walk about. 

Ver}^ vivid dreams, as if awake; or sad, frightful, anxious, vex- 
ing, lascivious dreams. 

Loud talking, screaming, during sleep. 

Somnambulism; he rises up at night, while sleeping with closed 
eyes, and attends to various duties; he performs even dangerous feats 
with ease, without knowing anything about them when awake. 

Attacks of suffocation while sleeping (nightmare). 

Various sorts of severe pains at night, or nocturnal thirst, dryness 
of the throat, of the mouth, or frequent urinating at night. 

Early on awaking, dizzy, indolent, unfreshed, as if he had not 
done sleeping and more tired than in the evening, when he lay down; 
it takes him several hours (and only after rising) before he can re- 
cover from this weariness. 

After a very restless night, he often has more strength in the 
morning, than after a quiet, sound sleep. 

Intermittent fever, even when there are no cases about, either 
sporadic or epidemic/ or endemic; the form, duration and t3'pe of the 
fever are very various; quotidian, tertian, quartan, quintan or ever}^ 
seven days. 

Every evening, chills with blue nails. 

Every evening, single chills. 

Every evening, heat, with a rush of blood to the head, with red 
cheeks, also at times an intervening chill. 

Intermittent fever of several weeks' duration, followed b}' a moist 
itching eruption lasting several weeks, but which is healed again 
during a like period of intermittent fever, and alternating thus for 

Disturbances of the mind and spirit of all kinds ^' 

^ Epidemic intermittent fevers probably never seize a man who is free from 
psora, so that wherever there is a susceptibility to them, it is to be accounted a 
symptom of psora. 

'-' I have never either in my practice, nor in any insane asykini, seen a patient 
sufifering from melancholy, insanity, or frenzy whose disease did not have 

76 hahxemaxn's chroxic diseases. 

Melanchoh' by itself, or with insanity', also at times alternating 
with frenzy and hours of rationality. 

Anxious oppression, early on awaking. 

Anxious oppression in the evening after going to bed.' 

Anxiety, several times a day (with and without pains), or at cer- 
tain hours of the day or of the night; usually the patient then finds 
no rest, but has to run hither and thither, and often falls into per- 

Melancholy, palpitation and anxiousness causes her at night to 
wake up from sleep (mostly just before the beginning of the menses). 

Mania of self-destruction" (spleen?). 

A weeping mood; they often weep for hours without knowing a 
cause for it.^ 

Attacks of fear; e.g., fear of fire, of being alone, of apoplexy, of 
becominof insane, etc. 

Psora as its foundation, comphcated at times, llo^Yever, though rarely, with 

^This causes some patients to break out into a strong perspiration; others 
feel from it merely flushes of blood and throbbing in all the arteries; with 
others, the anxious oppression tends to constrict the throat, threatening suffoca- 
tion, while others have a sensation, as if all the blood in their arteries were 
standing still, causing anguish. With others, this oppression is associated mth 
anxious images and thoughts, and seems to rise from them, while with others, 
there is oppression without anxious ideas and thoughts. 

'' This kind of disease of the mind or spirit, which is also merely psoric, 
seems not to have been taken into consideration. Without feeling any anxiety, 
or anxious thoughts, therefore also, without an}* one's perceiving such anxiety 
in them, apparently in the full exercise of their reason, they are impelled, 
urged, yea, compelled by a certain feeling of necessity, to self-destruction. 
The)- are onh- healed b}- a cure of the Psora, if their utterances are noticed in 
time. I say in time, for in the last stages of this kind of insanity' it is peculiarly 
characteristic of this disease, not to utter anything about such a determination 
to an^-one. This frenzy manifests itself in fits of one-half or of whole hours, 
usually in the end daily, often at certain times of the day. But besides these fits 
of destructive mania, such persons have usually also fits of anxious oppression, 
which seem, however, to be independent of the former fits, and come at other 
hours, accompanied partly with pulsation in the pit of the stomach, but during 
these they are not tormented with the desire of taking their own life. These 
attacks of anxiety which seem to be more of a bodily nature, and are not con- 
nected with the other train of thoughts, may also be lacking, while the fits of 
suicidal mania rule in a high degree; they may also return, when that mania is 
in a great part extinguished through the anti-psoric remedies, so that the two 
seem to be independent of one another, though the}- have the same original 
malady for their foundation. 

■^ This is a sj-mptom, however, which seems to be caused by the diseased 
state, especially of the female sex, in order to soothe temporarily more and 
greater nerv^ous disorders. 



Attacks of passion, resembling frenzy. 

Fright caused b}^ the merest trifles; this often causes perspira- 
tion and trembling. 

Disinclination to work, in persons who else are most industrious; 
no impulse to occupy himself, but rather the most decided repugnance 

Excessive sensitiveness.'^ 

Irritabilit}^ from weakness.^ 

Quick change of moods; often ver}^ merry and exuberantly so, 
often again and, indeed, very suddenly, dejection; e. g., on account 
of his disease, or from other trifling causes. Sudden transition from 
cheerfulness to sadness, or vexation without a cause. 

These are some of the leading symptoms observed by me, which, 
if the}^ are often repeated, or become constant, show that the internal 
Psora is coming forth from its latent state. They are at the same 
time the elements, from which (under unfavorable external condi- 
tions) the itch-malady, as it manifests itself, composes the illimitable 
number of chronic diseases, and with one man assumes the one form, 
with another another, according to the bodily constitution, defects 
in the education, habits, employment and external circumstances, as 
also modified by the various psychical and physical impressions. It 
thus unfolds into manifold forms of disease, with so many varieties, 
that they are by no means exhausted by the disease-symptoms 
enumerated in the pathology of the old school, and erroneously desig- 
nated there as well-defined, constant and peculiar diseases.'^ 

^ Such a person, when she desired to begin one of her domestic occupations, 
was seized with anxiety and oppression; her hmbs trembled, and she became 
suddenly so weary, she had to lie down. 

2 All physical and psychical impressions, even the weaker and the weakest, 
cause a morbid excitement, often in a high degree. Occurrences affecting the 
mind, not only such as are of a sad and vexatious kind, but also those of a joy- 
ous kind, cause surprising ailments and disorders; touching tales, yea, even 
thinking of them and recalling them, cause a tumultuous excitement of the 
nerves, and drive the anxiety into the head, etc. Even a little reading about 
indifferent things, or looking attentively at an object; e. g., while se\sang, at- 
tentively listening even to indifferent things, too bright a light, the loud talking 
of several people at the same time, even single tones on a musical instrument, 
the ringing of bells, etc., cause harmful impressions: trembling, weariness, 
headache, chills, etc. Often the senses of smell and of taste are innnoderately 
sensitive. In many cases even moderate bodily motion, or speaking, also 
moderate warmth, cold, open air, wetting the skin with water, etc. Not a few 
suffer even in their room from a sudden change of the weather, while most of 
these patients complain during storni}- and wet weather, few o( ilry weather 
with a clear sk}-. The full moon also with some persons, and the new moon with 
other, has an unfavorable effect. 

^'Tlie}'- bear the following names: Scrofula, rickets, spina ventosa, atrophy, 


These are the characteristic secondary S5'mptoms'=^ of the long- 
unacknowledged, thousand-headed monster, pregnant Avith disease, 
the Psora, the original miasmatic malady which now makes its mani- 
fest appearance, t 

marasmus, consumption, pulmonar}^ consumption, asthma, tabes mucosa, 
lar3mgeal phthisis, chronic catarrh, constant coryza, difficult dentition, worms 
and consequent diseases, dyspepsia, abdominal cramps, hypochondria, hysteria, 
dropsy, drops}^ of the abdomen, dropsy of the ovaries, of the uterus, hydrocele, 
hj'drocephalus, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhcea, uterine hemorrhages, hemate- 
mesis, hemoptysis and hemorrhages, vaginal hemorrhages, dysuria, ischuria, 
enuresis, diabetes, catarrh of the bladder, hematuria, nephralgia, gravel of the 
kidneys, stricture of the urethra, stricture of the intestines, blind and running 
piles, fistula of the rectum, difficult stools, constipation, chronic diarrhoea, 
induration of the liver, jaundice, cyanosis, heart diseases, palpitation, spasms 
of the chest, dropsj^ of the chest, abortion, sterility, metromania, impotence, 
induration of the testicles, dwindling of the testicles, prolapsus uteri, inversion 
of the womb, inguinal, femoral and umbilical hernias, dislocations of the joints 
from an internal cause, curvature of the spine, chronic inflammations of the 
eyes, fistula lachrymalis, short-sightedness and long-sightedness, day blindness 
and night blindness, obscuration of the cornea, cataracts, glaucoma, amaurosis, 
deafness, deficient smell or taste, chronic one-sided headache, megrim, tic 
douloureaux, tinea capitis, scab, crusta lactea, tetters (herpes), pimples, nettle- 
rash, encysted tumors, goitre, varices, aneurism, erysipelas, sarcomas, osteo- 
sarcoma, scirrhus, cancer of the lips, cheeks, breast, uterus, fungus hematodes, 
rheumatism, gout in the hips, knotty gout, podagra, apoplectic fits, swoons, 
vertigo, paralysis, contractions, tetanus, convulsions, epilepsy, St, Vitus' dance, 
melancholy, insanity, imbecility, nervous debility, etc. 

*The supreme royal councillor Kopp, an Allopath, who is unwillingly and 
only half and half approaching Homoeopathy, pretends to have seen chronic 
diseases disappear of themselves— he may have seen some particular symptoms 
disappear, which symptoms the old school, in its shortsighted fashion, con- 
sidered with him as so many entire diseases! 

tl will grant that the doctrine, that "all chronic non-venereal diseases 
which are not extinguishable by the vital force, in an orderly course of life, 
while external circumstances are favorable, but which even increase with the 
years, are of psoric origin," is for all who have not fully weighed my reasons 
and for all narrow-minded people, too great, too overwhelming. But it is none 
the less true. Or should we regard such a chronic disease as not being psoric, 
because the patient cannot remember, that he at sometime, all the way back to 
his birth, has had several or more (intolerably voluptuously) itching pustules 
of itch on his skin, or (since the itch-disease is considered as something dis- 
graceful) is not willing to acknowledge it? His non-acknowledgment here 
proves nothing to the contrary. 

Since at all times, all the innumerable chronic diseases resulting from an 
acknowledged preceding itch (when this has not been cured) are ineradicable 
through the vital force, and advance in their equable course as psoric ailments, 
and are continually aggravated: so long as the doubters of the psora doctrine 
cannot show me any other source which is at least as probable for a (non- 
veneric) ailment, which, despite of favorable external conditions, correct diet, 
good morality and vigorous bodily constitution, nevertheless increases every 


year, without any preceding infection from itch so far as memory goes: so long 
I have on my side an overpowering analogous probability, i. e., 100 to i, that also 
the individual cases of chronic disease, which show a like pi'ogression, probably 
also are, yea, must also be of a psoric nature, although the patient cannot or 
will not remember a preceding infection. 

It is easy to doubt matters which cannot be laid before our ocular vision, 
but in itself this doubt proves nothing at all, for according to the old rule of 
logic: negantis est probare. 

To prove the psoric nature of these chronic diseases without acknowledged 
infection, we do not even need the fact that the anti-psoric remedies prove ef- 
fectual therein; this serves only like the proof to a correctly solved mathemati- 
cal problem. 

Now since, in addition, the other remedies, although also selected according 
to the similarity of their symptoms, do not by far yield so durable and thorough 
a cure in such chronic diseases, as those which are recognized as anti-psoric, 
and which are selected in as Homoeopathic a manner, because these more than 
the others are adequate to the whole extent of the endless number of symptoms 
of the great psora malady: I do not see why men will deny to the latter the 
title of the especially anti-psoric remedies, unless this springs from dogmatism. 

And just as little is there any good reason for contradicting me, when I 
{Organon, | 73,) explain the acute diseases which return from time to time; 
e. g., inflammations of the throat, of the chest, etc., as flaming up from a latent 
psora, simply because their inflammatory state, as they say, is mostly to be 
combatted by means of the anti-phlogistic remedies, which are not anti-psoric; 
i. e., Aconite, Belladonna, Mercury and the like. These, nevertheless, have 
their source in a latent psora, because their customary return cannot be pre- 
vented by anything but a final cure with anti-psoric remedies. 

Cure of the Chronic Diseases 


We now proceed to the medical Homoeopathic treatment of the 
illimitabl}^ large number of chronic diseases, which, after the above 
gained knowledge of their threefold nature, has not, indeed, become 
easy, but — what without this knowledge was before impossible — has 
at last become possible, since the homoeopathicall}" specific remedies 
for each one of these three different miasmata have in great part 
been discovered. 

The first two miasmata, which cause by far the smaller part of 
the chronic diseases, the venereal chancre-disease {syphilis^ and the 
Jigwart-disease (sycosis), with their sequelae, we will treat first, in 
order that we may have a free path to the therapeutics of the im- 
measurably greater number of the various chronic diseases which 
spring from Psora. 


First, then, concerning sycosis, as being that miasma which has 
produced by far the fewest chronic diseases, and has only been domi- 
nant from time to time. This figwart-disease , which in later times, 
especiall}^ during the French war, in the years 1809-18 14, was so 
widely spread, but which has since showed itself more and more 
rarel}^ was treated almost always, in an inefficient and injurious 
manner, internally with mercury, because it was considered homo- 
geneous with the venereal chancre-disease; but the excrescences on 
the genitals were treated by Allopathic physicians always in the most 
violent external way by cauterizing, burning and cutting, or by liga- 
tures. These excrescences usually first manifest themselves on the 
genitals, and appear usually, but not always, attended with a sort of 
gonorrhoea^ from the urethra, several days or several weeks, even 
many weeks after infection through coition; more rarely they appear 
dry and like warts, more frequently soft, spongy, emitting a specific- 
ally fetid fluid (sweetish and almost like herring-brine), bleeding 
easily, and in the form of a coxcomb or a cauliflower {brassica 
botrytes). These, with males, sprout forth on the glans and on, or 
below, the prepuce, but with women, on the parts surrounding the 
pudenda; and the pudenda themselves, which are then swollen, are 
covered often by a great number of them. When these are violently 
removed, the natural, proximate effect is, that they will usually come 
forth again, usually to be subjected again, in vain, to a similar, pain- 
ful, cruel treatment. But even if they could be rooted out in this way, 
it would merely have the consequence, that the figwart-disease, after 
having been deprived of the local symptom which acts vicariously^ 
for the internal ailment, would appear f in other and much worse 

■^Usually in gonorrhoea of this kind, the discharge is from the beginning 
thickish, hke pus; micturition is less difficult, but the body of the penis s^volleu 
somewhat hard; the penis is also in some cases covered on the back \^dth 
glandular tubercles, and very painful to the touch. 

t The miasm of the other common gonorrhoeas seems not to penetrate the 
whole organism, but only to locally stimulate the urinar}^ organs. They yield 
either to a dose of one drop of fresh parsley-juice, when this is indicated by a 
frequent urgency to urinate, or a small dose of cannabis, of cantharides, or of 
the copaiva balm, according to their different constitution and tlie other ail- 
ments attending it. These should, however, be always used in the higher and 
highest dynamizations (potencies), unless a psora, slumbering injthe body of the 


wa3^s, in secondary ailments; for the figwart-miasm, which rules 
in the whole organism, has been in no way diminished, either by 
the external destruction of the above-mentioned excrescences, or 
by the mercur}^ which has been used internally, and which is in no 
way appropriate to sycosis. Besides the undermining of the general 
health by mercury, which in this disease can only do injury, and 
which is given mostly in very large doses and in the most active 
preparations, similar excrescences then break out in other parts of 
the body, either whitish, spongy, sensitive, fiat elevations, in the 
cavity of the mouth, on the tongue, the palate and the lips, or as 
large, raised, brown and dry tubercles in the axillae, on the neck, 
on the scalp, etc. , or there arise other ailments of the bod}^, of which 
I shall only mention the contraction of the tendons of the flexor 
muscles, especiall}^ of the fingers. 

The gonorrhoea dependent on the figwart-miasma, as well as the 
above-mentioned excrescences (z. e., the whole sycosis), are cured 
most surely and most thoroughly through the internal use of Thuja,* 
which, in this case, is Homoeopathic, in a dose of a few pillets as 
large as poppy seeds, moistened with the dilution potentized to the 
decillionthf degree, and when these have exhausted their action 
after fifteen, twenty, thirty, forty days, alternating with just as small 
a dose of nitric acid, diluted to the decillionth degree, which must be 
allowed to act as long a time, in order to remove the gonorrhoea and 
the excrescenses; i. e., the whole sycosis. It is not necessary to use 
any external application, except in the most inveterate and difficult 
cases, when the larger figwarts may be moistened every day with 
the mild, pure juice pressed from the green leaves of Thuja, mixed 
with an equal quantity of alcohol. 

But if the patient was at the same time affected with another 
chronic ailment, as is usual after the violent treatment of figwarts by 
Allopathic physicians, then we often find developed psora % com- 

patient, has been developed by means of a strongly affecting, irritating or weak- 
ening treatment by Allopathic physicians. In such a case frequently secondary 
gonorrhoeas remain, which can only be cured by an anti-psoric treatment. 

* Materia Medica Pura, Part V. 

t If further doses of Thuja are required, they are used most efficiently from 
other potencies (viii., vi., iv., ii.), a change of the modification of the remedy, 
which facilitates and strengthens its ability of affecting the vital force. 

X This psora is hardly ever found in its developed state (and thus capable of 
entering into complication with other miasmata) with young people who have 
just been infected and seized by the figwart-disease, and who have not had to 
pass through the usual mercurial treatment, which never runs its course without 
the most violent assaults on the constitution; by this pernicious derangement of 
the whole organism, the psora, even if slumbering ever so soundly, will be awak- 
ened, if, as is often the case, it was present within. 


plicated with sycosis, when the psora, as is often the case, was latent 
before in the patient. At times, when a badly treated case of venereal 
chancre disease had preceded, both these miasmata are conjoined in 
a threefold complication with syphilis. Then it is necessary first to 
come to the assistance of the most afflicted part, the psora, with the 
specific anti-psoric remedies given below, and then to make use of 
the remedies for sycosis, before the proper dose of the best prepara- 
tion of mercury, as will be described below, is given against the 
syphilis; the same alternating treatment may be continued, until a 
complete cure is effected. Only, each one of these three kinds of 
medicine must be given the proper time to complete its action. 

In this reliable cure of sycosis from within, no external remedy 
(except the juice of Thuja in inveterate bad cases) must be applied or 
laid on the figwarts, only clean, dry lint, if they are of the moist 


The second chronic miasma, which is more widely spread than 
the figwart- disease, and which for three and a half [now four] cen- 
turies has been the source of many other chronic ailments, is the 
miasm of the venereal disease proper, the chancre- disease (syphilis). 
This disease only causes difficulties in its cure, if it is entangled 
(complicated) with a psora that has been already far developed — 
with sycosis it is complicated but rarely, but then usually at the 
same time with psora. 

In the cure of the venereal disease, three states are to be dis- 

1 . When syphilis is still alone and attended with its associated 
local symptom, the chancre, or at least if this has been removed by 
external applications, it is still associated with the other local symp- 
tom, which in a similar manner acts vicariously for the internal dis- 
order, the bubo.* 

2. When it is alone, indeed, i. e., without any complication with 
a second or third miasma, but has already been deprived of the 
vicarious local symptom, the chancre (and the bubo). 

3. When it is already complicated with another chronic disease, 
/. e. , with a psora already developed, while the local symptom may 
either be yet present, or may have been removed by local applications. 

The chancre appears, after an impure coition, usually between the 
seventh and fourteenth days, rarely sooner or later, mostly on the 
member infected with the miasma, first as a little pustule, which 
changes into an impure ulcer w4th raised borders and stinging pains, 
which if not cured remains standing on the same place during man's 
lifetime, only increasing with the years, while the secondary S3"mp- 
toms of the venereal disease, syphilis, cannot break out as long as 
it exists. 

In order to help in such a case, the Allopathic physician destroys 
this chancre, by means of corroding, cauterizing and desiccating sub- 
stances, wrongly conceiving it to be a sore arising merely from 
without through a local infection, thus holding it to be a merely 

*Very rarely the impure coition is at once followed by the bubo alone 
without any preceding chancre; usually the bubo only conies after the destruc- 
tion of the chancre by local applications, and is a very troublesome substitute 
for the same. 


local ulcer, such also it is declared to be in their writings. The}" 
falsely suppose, that when it appears, no internal venereal disease 
is as 3'et to be thought of, so that when localh' exterminating the 
chancre, the}' suppose that the}' remove all the venereal disease 
from the patient at once, if only he will not permit this ulcer to 
remain too long in its place, so that the absorbent vessels do not get 
time to transfer the poison into the internal organism, and so cause 
by delay a general infection of the system with syphilis. They evi- 
dently do not know, that the venereal infection of the whole body 
commenced with the very moment of the impure coition, and was 
already completed before the appearance of the chancre. The Allo- 
pathic doctor destroys in his blindness, through local applications, 
the vicarious external symptom (the chancre ulcer) , which kind 
nature intended for the alle^-iation of the internal extensive venereal 
general disease; and so he inexorably compels the organism to re- 
place the destroyed first substitute of the internal venereal malady 
(the chancre) by a far more painful substitute, the bubo, which 
hastens onward to suppuration ; and when the Allopath, as is usually 
the case, also drives out this bubo through his injurious treatment, 
then nature finds itself compelled to develop the internal malady 
through far more troublesome secondary ailments, through the out- 
break of the whole chronic syphilis, and nature accomplishes this, 
though slowly, (frequently not before several months have elapsed), 
but with unfaili7ig certaijity. Instead of assisting, therefore, the 
Allopath does injury. 

John Hunter says:"^ " Xot one patient out of fifteen will escape 
syphilis, if the chancre is destroyed by mere external applications," 
and in another passage in his bookf he says: " The result of de- 
stroying the chancre ever so early, and even on the first day of its 
appearance, if this is effected by local applications, was always the 
consequent outbreak of syphilis. ' ' 

Just as emphatically Fabre declares:! ' ' Syphilis always follows on 
the destruction of the chancre by local appHcations. He relates that 
Petit cut off a part of the labia of a woman, who had thereon for a few 
days a venereal chancre; the wound healed, but syphiHs, neverthe- 
less, broke out." 

How, then, could physicians, despite of all these facts and testi- 
monies, close their eyes and ears to the truth: that the whole vener- 

"^ Abhaiidl. i'lber die vener. Krankheit (Treatise on the Venereal Disease), 
Leipsic, 1787, p. 531. 

T Abhajidl. fiber die vener. Ki-ankheit, Leipsic, 1787, pp. 551-553. 

i Fabre, Lettres, Supplement a son traite des maladies veneriennes Pa7Hs 


eal disease (syphilis) was already developed within, before the 
chancre could appear, and that it was a most unpardonable mistake 
to forward the certain outbreak of the syphilis, already present 
within, into the venereal disease, by driving away and destroying 
the chancre by external means, and thereby destroying the fair op- 
portunit}^ afforded of curing this disease in the easiest and most 
convincing manner, through the internal specific remedy, while the 
chancre was 3'et fully present! The disease is not cured except 
when through the effect of the internal remedy alone, the chancre is 
cured; but it is fully extinguished, as soon as through the action of 
the internally operating medicine alone (without the addition of any 
external remed}^) the chancre is completely cured, without leaving 
any trace of its former presence. 

I have never, in my practice of more than fifty years, seen any 
trace of the venereal disease break out, so long as the chancre re- 
mained untouched in its place, even if this were a space of several 
years (for it never passes away of itself), and even when it had 
largely increased in its place, as is natural in time with the internal 
augmentation of the venereal disorder, which increase takes place 
in time in every chronic miasma. 

But whenever anyone is so imprudent, as to destroy this vicarious 
local symptom, the organism is ready to cause the internal syphilis 
to break out into the venereal disease, since the general venereal 
disease dwells in the body from the first moment of infection. 

For in the spot, into which at the impure coition the syphilitic 
miasma had been first rubbed in and had been caught, it is, in the 
same moment, no more local: the whole living body has already 
received (perceived) its presence, the miasma has already become the 
property of the whole organism. All wiping off and washing off, 
however speedy, and with whatever fluid this be done (and as we 
have seen, even the exsection of the part affected), is too late — is in 
vain. There is not to be perceived, indeed, any morbid transmuta- 
tion in that spot during the first days, but the specific venereal 
transformation takes place in the internal of the body irresistibly, 
from the first moment of infection until syphilis has developed itself 
throughout the whole body, and only then (not before), nature, loaded 
down by the internal malady, brings forth the local symptom peculiar 
to this malady, the chancre, usually in the place first infected; and 
this symptom is intended by nature to soothe the internal completed 

Therefore also, the cure of the venereal disease is effected most 
easily and in the most convincing manner, so long as the chancre 
(the bubo) has not yet been driven out by local applications, so long 


as the chancre (the bubo) still remains unchanged, as a vicarious 
symptom of the internal syphilis. In this state, and especially when 
it is not yet complicated with psora, it may be asserted from mani- 
fold experience and with good reason, that there is on earth no chronic 
miasma, no chroyiic disease springing from a miasma, which is more 
curable and more easily cw^able than this. 

In this first simple state and simple cure, when the chancre (or 
the bubo) is still present, and there is no compHcation with a de- 
veloped psora, no prominent chronic ailment from a psoric origin 
(usually there is none such with young, lively persons), and with 
latent psora syphilis combines as little as sycosis — in this first state 
it needs only one little dose of the best mercurial remedy, in order to 
cure thoroughly and forever the whole syphilis with its chancre, 
within fourteen days. In a few days after taking such a dose of 
mercury, the chancre (without any external application) becomes a 
clean sore with a little mild pus, and heals of itself— as a convincing 
proof, that the venereal malady is also fully extinguished within; and 
it does not leave behind the least scar, or the least spot, showing 
any other color than the other healthy skin. But the chancre, which 
is not treated with external application, would never heal, if the 
internal syphilis had not been already annihilated and extinguished 
by the dose of mercury; for so long as it exists in its place, it is the 
natural and unmistakable proof of even the least remainder of an ex- 
isting syphilis. 

I have, indeed, in the second edition of the first part of Materia 
Medica Pura (Dresden, 1822), described the preparation of the pure 
semi -oxide of mercury, and I still consider this to be one of the most 
excellent anti-syphilitic medicines; but it is difficult to prepare it in 
sufficient purity. In order, therefore, to reach this wished for goal 
in a still simpler manner, free from all detours, and yet just as per- 
fectly (for in the preparation of medicines we cannot proceed in too 
simple a manner), it is best to proceed in the way given below, so 
that one grain of quite pure running quick-silver is triturated three 
times, with 100 grains of sugar of milk each time, up to the millionth 
attenuation, in three hours, and one grain of this third trituration is 
dissolved, and then potentized through twenty-seven diluting phials 
up to (x) the decillionth degree, as is taught at the end of this 
volume, with respect to the dynamization of the other dry medicines. 

I formerl}^ used the billionth dynamization (ii) of this preparation 
in 1 , 2 or 3 fine pellets moistened with this dilution, as a dose, and this 
was done successfully for such cures; although the preparation of the 
higher potencies Tiv, vi, viii), and finally the decillionth potency (x), 
show some advantages, in their quick, penetrating and yet mild 


action for this purpose; but in cases where a second or third dose 
(however seldom needed) should be found necessary, a lower potency 
may then be taken. 

Just as the continued prCvSence of the chancre (or the bubo) dur- 
ing the cure shows the continued presence of syphilis, so when the 
chancre (and the bubo) heal merely from the internally applied 
mercury, without an}^ addition of a remedy used for the local symp- 
tom, and yet this disappears without leaving any trace of its former 
presence; it is incontrovertibly sure, that also every trace of the in- 
ternal syphilis was extinguised at the moment of the completion of 
the cure of the chancre or the bubo. 

But just as incontrovertibly does it follow that every disappear- 
ance of the chancre (or the bubo) owing to a mere local destruction, 
since it w^as no real cure founded on the extirpation of the internal 
venereal disease through the internally given appropriate mercury 
medicine, leaves to us the certainty that the syphilis remains behind ; 
and every one who supposes himself healed by any such merely 
local, pretended cure, is to be considered as much venereally dis- 
eased as he was before the destruction of the chancre. 

The second state in which, as mentioned above, syphilis may have 
to be treated, is the rare case when an otherwise healthy person, 
affected with no other chronic disease (and thus without any de- 
veloped psora), has experienced this injudicious driving away of the 
chancre through local applications, effected by an ordinary physician 
in a short time and without attacking the organism overmuch with 
internal and external remedies. Even in such a case, — as we have 
not as yet to combat any complication with psora — all outbreaks of 
the secondary venereal disease may be avoided, and the man may be 
freed from every trace of the venereal miasma through the before- 
mentioned simple internal cure effected by a like dose of the above 
mentioned mercurial medicine — although the certainty of his cure 
can no more be so manifestly proved as if the chancre had still been 
in existence during this internal cure, and as if it had become a mild 
ulcer simply through this internal remedy, and had been thus mani- 
festly cured of itself 

But here also there may be found a sign of the non-completed as 
well as of the completed cure of the internal syphilis which has not 
yet broken out into the venereal disease; but this sign will only mani- 
fest itself to an exact observer. In case the chancre has been driven 
out through local application, even if the remedies used had not 
been very acrid, there will alwa5's remain in the place where it 
stood, as a sign of the unextinguished internal syphilis, a discolored, 
reddish, red or blue scar; while on the contrary when the cure of the 


whole venereal disease has been effected by the internal remedy, and 
if thus the chancre heals of itself without the action of an external 
application, and when it disappears because it is no more needed as 
a substitute and alleviator of an internal venereal disorder which 
now has ceased, then the spot of the former chancre can no more be 
recognized, for the skin covering that place will be just as smooth 
and of the same color as the rest, so that no trace can be discerned 
of the spot where the chancre had stood. 

Now if the Homoeopathic physician has carefully taken cognizance 
of the presence of the discolored scar remaining after the quick, 
merely local expulsion of the venereal local symptom, as a sign of 
the unextinguished internal syphilis, and if the person to be healed 
is otherwise in good health, and consequently his venereal disorder is 
not yet complicated with psora, he will also, even now, be able to free 
him from every remainder of the venereal miasma bj^ one dose of the 
best preparation of mercury as above described, and he will be con- 
vinced that the cure is completed, from the fact that during the time 
of the activit}^ of the specific remedy the scar will again assume the 
healthy color of the other skin and all discoloration of that spot will 

Even when, after the expulsion of the chancre by local applica- 
tions, the bubo has already broken out but the patient is not yet 
seized with any other chronic disease, and consequentl}^ the internal 
syphilis is not 3^et complicated with a developed psora (which is 
nevertheless a rare case), the same treatment will also here, while the 
bubo is only developing, produce a cure ; and its completion will be 
recognized by the same signs. 

In both cases, if they have been rightl}^ treated, the cure is a 
complete one, and no outbreak of the venereal disease need anymore 
be apprehended. 

The most difficult of all these cases, the third, is still to be treated: 
when the man at the time of the syphilitic infection was already 
laboring under a chronic disease, so that his syphilis was complicated 
with psora, even while the chancre yet existed, or when, even while 
there was no chronic disease in the body at the outbreak of the 
chancre, and the indwelHng psora could only be recognized by its 
tokens, an allopathic physician has, nevertheless, destroyed the local 
symptom, not only slowly and with very painful external applications, 
but has also subjected him for a long time to an internal treatment, 
weakening and strongly affecting him, so that the general health has 
been undermined and the psora which had as yet been latent within 
him has been brought to its development and has broken out into 
chronic ailments, and these irrepressibly combine with the internal 


■syphilis, the local sj^mptom of which had been at the same time de- 
stroyed in such an irrational manner. Psora can only be complicated 
with the venereal disease when it has been developed and when it has 
Tiltimated itself in a manifest chronic disease; but not when it is as 
yet latent and slumbering. By the latter the cure of syphilis is not 
obstructed, but whe7i complicated with developed psora ^ it is impossible 
io cure the venereal disease alone. 

Onl}' too often, I should say, do we find the syphilis which has 
remained uncured after the nierel}^ local destruction of the chancre, 
complicated with awakened psora, not always because the psora was 
already developed before the venereal infection — for this is rarely the 
case with 3-oung people — but because it is violently awakened and 
brought to its outbreak b}^ the usual treatment of the venereal dis- 
ease. By means of friction with mercury, large doses of calomel, 
corrosive sublimate and similar acrid mercurial remedies, (which 
originate fever, dysenteric abdominal ailments, chronic exhausting 
salivation, pains in the limbs, sleeplessness, etc., without possessing 
sufficient anti-s3-philitic power to cure the chancre-miasma mildly, 
quickly and perfectl}',) they assault the venereal patient often for 
many months, with the intermediate use of many weakening warm 
baths and purgatives; so that the internal slumbering psora (w^hose 
nature causes it to break forth in all great convulsions and in the 
weakening of the general health) is awakened before the syphilis 
can be cured by such an injudicious treatment, and thus becomes 
•associated and complicated therewith. 

There arises in this manner and through this combination what 
is called a 7nasked, spurious syphilis, and in England pseudo syphilis^ 
a monster of a double disease,* which no physician hitherto has 
been able to cure, because no physican hitherto has been acquainted 
with the psora in its great extent and its nature, neither in its latent 
nor its developed state; and no one suspected this dreadful combina- 
tion with syphilis, much less perceived it. No one, therefore, could 
heal the developed psora, the only cause of the uncurableness of this 
bastard syphilis, — nor could they in consequence free the syphilis 
from this horrible combination so as to make it curable, just as the 
psora remains incurable if the syphilis has not been extirpated. 

In order to reach this so-called masked venereal disease success- 
fully, the following rule must serve the homoeopathic physician : 

^Yea, after such a treatment it is even more than a double disease; the 
sharp mercurial medicines, in large and frequent doses, have also added their 
medicinal disease, which when we consider in addition the debility caused by 
such treatment, must place the patient in a most sad state. In such a case 
hepar sulphuris is probably to be preferred to the pure sulphur. 


After removing all hurtful influences that affect the patients from 
without and after settling on a light and 3^et nourishing and strength- 
ening diet for the patient, let him first give the anti-psoric medicine 
which is homoeopathically the best fitting to the then prevailing state 
of disease, as will be shown below; and when this medicine has com- 
pleted its action, also probably a second, most suitable to the still 
prominent psora s3'mptoms, and these should be allowed to act against 
the psora, until the}^ have effected all that can be at present done 
against it — then should be given the dose above described of the best 
mercurial preparation to act against the venereal disease for three, 
five to seven weeks; /. e., so long as it will continue to produce an 
improvement in the venereal sj^mptoms. 

In inveterate and difficult cases, however, this first course will 
hardly accomplish all that is desired. There usually still remain 
some ailments and disorders, which cannot be definitely classed as 
purely psoric, and others which cannot be classed as definitely syphi- 
litic, and these require yet some additional aid. A repetition of a 
similar process of cure is here required; i. e., first another applica- 
tion of one or more of the antipsoric remedies that have not yet been 
used, and which are homoeopathically the most appropriate, until 
whatever seems still unsyphilitically morbid — /. e. , psoric — may dis- 
appear, when the before mentioned dose of the mercurial remedy, 
but in another potency, should be given again and allowed to com- 
plete its action, until the manifest venereal symptoms (the pricking, 
painful ulcer of the tonsils, the round copper-colored spots that 
shimmer through the epidermis, the eruptive pimples which do not 
itch and are found chiefly in the face upon a bluish-red foundation, 
the painless cutaneous ulcers on the scalp and the penis, which are 
smooth, pale, clean, merely covered with mucus, and almost level with 
the healthy skin, etc. , and the boring, nightly pains in the exostoses) 
have entirely passed away. But since these secondary venereal 
symptoms are so changeable that their temporary disappearance 
gives no certainty of their complete extinction, we must also wait for 
that more conclusive sign of the complete extirpation of the venereal 
miasm afforded by the return of the healthy color and the entire dis- 
appearance of the discoloration found in the scar which remains after 
the extirpation of the chancre by local, corrosive applications. 

I have, in my practice, found only two cases* of the threefold 

* A master tiler from the Saxon-Brz Mountains, whose dissolute wife had 
infected him with a venereal disease in his genitals, concerning which it was 
not apparent from his description whether it was a chancre or a fig wart, had 
been so maltreated by violent mercurial remedies that he had lost his uvula, 
and his nose was so affected that the fleshy parts had mostly been eaten away, 


complication of the three chronic miasms, the fig wart disease with 
the venereal chancre miasm and at the same time a dev^oped psora, 
and these cases were cured according to the same method ; i. e. , the 
psora w^as treated first, then the one of the other two chronic mias- 
mata, the symptoms of which were at the time the most prominent, 
and then the last one. The remaining psoric symptoms had then 
still to be combatted with suitable remedies, and then lastly what 
there 3'et remained of sycosis or syphilis, by means of the remedies 
given above. I w^ould also remark that the complete cure of sycosis 
which has taken possession of the whole organism before the out- 
break of its local symptom, is demonstrated, like that of the chancre 
miasma, by the complete disappearance of the discoloration on the 
spot of the skin, which discoloration remains after every merely 
local destruction of the figwart as a sign of the unextirpated sycosis. 

and the remaining part was swollen and inflamed and pierced like a honeycomb 
with ulcers. This was attended with great pain and an intolerably fetid smell. 
In addition he had a psoric ulcer on the leg. The anti -psoric remedies improved 
the ulcers up to a certain degree: they healed the ulcer on the leg, they took 
away the burning pain and most of the fetid smell of the nose; also the reme- 
dies given to cure the sycosis caused some improvement — but as to the sum 
total nothing further was effected until he received a small dose of protoxide of 
mercury, after which everything was fully healed and he was restored to full 
health, excepting the irreparable loss of his nose. 


I think it necessary before proceeding to the doctrine of the third 
chronic miasma, the most important of all, psora, to premise the fol- 
lowing general remark: 

For the infection with the only three known chronic miasmatic 
diseases there is usuallj^ needed but one moment; but the develop- 
ment of this tinder of infection, so that it becomes a general disease of 
the entire organism, needs a longer time. Not until a certain num- 
ber of days have elapsed, when the miasmatic disease has received 
its complete internal development in the whole man — not until then, 
from the fulness of internal suffering, the local symptom breaks forth, 
destined by a kind nature to take upon itself in a certain sense the 
internal disease, and in so far to divert it in a palliative manner and 
to soothe it, so that it ma^^ not be able to injure and endanger the 
vital economy too much. The local symptom has its place on the 
least dangerous part of the body, the external skin, and, indeed, on 
that part of the skin where, during the infection, the miasma had 
touched the nearest nerves. 

This process of nature, which repeats itself continually and ever- 
more in the same manner in chronic miasmata, aye, — even in those 
which are acute and constant, — ought not to have escaped the pene- 
tration of physicians, at least not in venereal diseases, to the treat- 
ment of which they have applied themselves now for more than 
three hundred years; and then they could not have avoided drawing 
a conclusion as to the process of nature in the other two chronic 
miasmata. It was, therefore, irrational and unpardonably thought- 
less of them to suppose that every chancre evolved b}^ the organism 
after several da3^s, often after quite a number of days, as the result 
of the completed internal malady, was a thing mereh' adventitious 
from without and situated on the skin without any internal connec- 
tion, so that it might be simpl}^ removed by cauterizing, ' ' so 
as to prevent the poison from the chancre {sa'/ird) from being 
absorbed into the internal parts, and thus from causing man to be 
afflicted with the venereal disease. ' ' Irrational and unpardonably 
thoughtless was this false idea of the origin of the venereal chancre, 
which caused the injurious practice of the external cauterization of 


the chancre, producing as its unavoidable, shameful effect, the 
breaking out of the venereal disease from the internal which 
has continued in its diseased state. This has been the case in 
several hundred thousands of cases these last three centuries. Just 
as irrational and thoughtless is the notion of physicians of the old 
school, even of the most modern times, that itch is merely a disease 
of the skm, in which the internal portion of the body takes no part. 
According to this groundless supposition, therefore, nothing better 
can be done than to remove this ailment from the surface of the 
skin, although the extirpation of the internal psora disease which 
causes the cutaneous eruption is necessary as an .aid, and when this 
is cured also the cutaneous ailment, being the necessary consequence 
of the internal disease, will naturally disappear — ce^sante causa, cessat 

For in its complete state, /. e., so long as the original eruption 
is still present on the skin so as to assuage the internal malady, the 
entire disease of the psora may be cured most easily, quickly and 

But when by the destruction of this original cutaneous eruption, 
which acts vicarioush^ for the internal malady, it has been robbed 
then the psora is put in the unnatural position of dominating in a 
merely one-sided manner the internal finer parts of the whole organ- 
ism, and thus of being compelled to develop its secondary symptoms. 

How important and necessarj^ the cutaneous eruption is for the 
original psora, and how carefully in the only thorough cure of itch, 
that is, the internal cure, eveiy external removal of the eruption 
must be avoided, we may see from the fact that the most severe 
chronic ailments have followed as secondary symptoms of the inter- 
nal psora after the original itch-eruption has been driven out, and 
that when, in consequence of a great revolution in the organism, this 
itching eruption re appears on the skin, the secondary symptoms are 
so suddenly removed, that these grievous ailments, often of many 
years' standing, are wont to disappear, at least temporarily, as if by 
a miracle. See the before quoted observations of older physicians, 
Nos. I, 3, 5, 6, 8, (9), i6, (17), (21), 23, 33, 35, 39, 41, 54, 58, 60, 
72, 81, 87, 89, 94. 

But let no one suppose that an internal psora, which, after the 
external destruction of the original cutaneous eruption, has broken 
out into secondary chronic ailments, can, through the re-appearance 
of such an itch-Hke eruption on the skin, come into just as normal 
a state as before, or that it can be cured just as easily as if it were 
still the original eruption and as if this had not been as yet removed. 

This is not at all the case. Even the eruption following immedi- 


atel}^ after the infection has no such unchanging constancy and per- 
tinacity on the skin as the chancre and the figwarts show on the 
spots where they first appear,* but not infrequently disappears from 
the skin also from other causes f than from artificial remedies used 
purposely for its destruction, and so also from other causes unknown.}; 

So that the physician must not waste any time even in the original 
eruption, if he would complete the cure while the itch- disease is still 
entire, by the use of internal anti-psoric remedies. Such a respite 
can be expected still less in this secondary eruption, which has been 
brought out on the skin by any cause after the local extirpation of 
the eruption ; for the second eruption is wont to be far more incon- 
stant and changeable, so that it often passes away on much slighter 
provocation in a few days — a proof that it lacks much of the com- 
plete quality of the primitive itch-eruption, so that the physician 
cannot count on it in the thorough cure of the psora. 

This pr oneness to change, in the itch-like eruption which has 
been called a second time to the skin, seems evidently to be caused 
by the fact that the internal psora, after the destruction of the original 
itch-eruption is unable to give to the secondary eruption the full, 
qualities belonging to the primary eruption, and is already much 
more inclined to unfold itself in a variety of other chronic diseases; 
wherefore a thorough cure is now much more difficult, and is simply 
to be conducted as if directed against the internal psora. 

The cure is not, therefore, advanced by producing such a second- 
ary eruption through internal remedies, as has sometimes been effec- 
tually attempted (see Nos. 3, 9, 59, 89); or by its re-appearance 
through other unknown causes (see Nos. i, 5, 6, 8, 16, 23, 28, 29, 
33, 35, 39, 41, 54, 58, 60, 72, 80, 81, 87, 89, 94) or, especially, 
through the help of a fever (see No. 64, also 55, 56, 74). Such a 
secondary eruption is always very transitory, and so unreliable and 
rare that we cannot build our hope of cure on it, nor expect from it 
the advancement of any thorough cure. 

But even if, by any means, such a secondary eruption might, 
after a fashion, be produced, and even were it in our power to retain 

^ Neither of these ever passes away of itself, unless destroyed externally on 
purpose, or the entire disease is healed internally. 

t E. g. through cold, see No. 67 of the above-mentioned observations ; 
through sniall-pox, No. 39 ; through warm baths. No. 35. 

J See Nos. 9, 17, 26 (36), 50, 58, 61, 64, 65, in which observations it may be 
seen at the same time that after such disappearances of the origiiial itch-erup- 
tion without appreciable cause just as many ill effects are wont to follow as 
when it has been driven away artificial!}' through local applications. 


it on the skin for a longer period, we cannot at all count on it for an 
assistance in the cure of the whole psoric malady. "^ 

It remains, therefore, an established truth, that the cure of the 
entire destructive Psora through antipsoric remedies is effected most 
easily only while the original eruption of itch is still present. From 
this it again appears how unconscionable it is of the allopathic phy- 
sicians, to destroy the primitive itch eruption through local applica- 
tions instead of completely eradicating this grave disease from the 
whole living organism by a cure from within, which at that stage is 

* There was a time when, not yet fully convinced of this fact, I thought that 
the cure of the entire psora might be rendered easier by an artificial renewal of 
the cutaneous eruption effected through a sort of checking of the perspi- 
ratory function of the skin, so as to excite it homoeopathically to the reproduc- 
tion of the eruption. For this purpose I found most ser\dceable the wearing of 
a plaster mostly on the back (but where practicable also on other portions of 
the skin); the plaster was prepared hy gently heating six ounces of Burgundy 
pitch, into which, after removing it from the fire, an ounce of turpentine pro- 
duced from the larch-tree (called Venetian turpentine) was stirred until it was 
perfectly mixed. A portion of this was spread on a chamois skin (as being the 
softest), and laid on while still warm. Instead of this, there might also be 
used so-called tree-wax ( made of yellow wax and common turpentine ) , or also 
taflfeta covered with elastic resin ; showing that the itching eruption evolved 
is not due to any irritation caused by the substance applied ; nor does the 
plaster first mentioned cause either eruption or itching on the skin of a person 
who is not psoric. I discovered that this method is the most effective to cause 
such an activity of the skin. Yet despite of all the patience of the sick persons 
(no matter how much they might internally be affected with the psora), I never 
could evolve a complete eruption of itch, least of all one that v/ould remain for 
a time on the skin. What could be effected was only that some itching pustules 
appeared, which soon vanished again, when the plaster was left off. More 
frequently there ensued a moist soreness of the skin, or at best a more or less 
violent itching of the skin, which in rare cases extended also to the other parts 
not covered by the plaster. This, indeed, would cause for a time a striking 
alleviation of even the most severe chronic diseases flowing from a psoric 
source; e. g., suppuration of the lungs. But this much could not be attained 
on the skin of many patients ( frequently all that could be attained was a mod- 
erate or small amount of itching), or again, if I could produce a violent itching, 
this frequently became too unbearable for the patient to sustain it for a time 
sufficient to produce an internal cure. When the plaster then was removed in 
order to relieve him, even the most violent itching, together with the eruption 
present, disappeared very soon, and the cure had not been essentially advanced 
by it ; this confirms the observation made above, that the eruption if evolved a 
second time (and so also the itching reproduced) had not by any means the full 
characteristics of the eruption of the itch which had originally been repressed, 
and was therefore of little assistance in the real advancement of a thorough 
cure of the psora through internal remedies, while the little aid afforded loses 
all value owing to the often unbearable infliction of the artificially produced 
eruption and itching of the skin, and the weakening of the whole body which 
is inseparable from the titillating pain. 


as yet very easy, and by thus choking off in advance all the wretched 
consequences that we must expect from this malady if uncured; i. e., 
all the secondary, chronic, nameless sufferings which follow it. 

The excuse of the private physician (for the physician at the 
hospital has no excuse at all) amounts to nothing. He will say, in- 
deed: "If it is not known — and hardly ever does it become demon- 
strably known — where, when, at what occasion and from what person 
avowedly suffering from itch the infection has been derived, then he 
could not discover from the present, and often insignificant little erup- 
tion whether it was real itch; so he w^as not to be blamed for the evil 
consequences, if he supposed it to be something else and endeavored 
to remove it from the skin as soon as possible by a lotion of lead 
solution, or an ointment of cadmia, or white percipitate of mercury, 
according to the wishes of the aristocratic parents. ' ' 

This excuse, as above said, amounts to nothing. For, Jirst of all, 
no cutaneous eruption of whatever kind it may be, ought to be ex- 
pelled through external means by any physician who wishes to act con- 
scientiously and rationally.* The human skin does not evolve of 
itself, without the co-operation of the rest of the living whole, an}^ 
eruption, nor does it become sick in any way, without being induced 
and compelled to it by the general diseased state, by the lack of 
normality in the whole organism. In every case there is at the bot- 
tom a disorderly state of the whole internal living organism, which 
state must first be considered; and therefore the eruption is only to 
be removed by internal healing and curative remedies which change 
the state of the whole; then also the eruption which is based on the 
internal disease will be cured and healed of itself, without the help 
of any external remedy, and frequently more quickly than it could 
be done by external remedies. 

Seco?idly, even if the physician should not have presented to him 
the original, undestroyed form of the eruption, — i. e., the pustule of 
itch which in the beginning is transparent, then quickl}- filled with 
pus, with a narrow red margin all around it, — even if the eruption 
should consist only of small granules like the miliar}- eruption, or 
appear like scattered little pimples or little scabs, still he cannot for 
a moment be in doubt as to whether the eruption is itch, if the child 
or even the suckling only a few days old, uninterruptedly rubs and 
scratches the spot, or, if it is an adult, when he complains oi the 
titillation of a voluptuousl}" itching eruption (or e\-en ouh' a tew 
pimples) which is unbearable without scratching, especially in the 
evening and at night, and when this is followed by a burning pain. 
In such a case we can never doubt as to the infection with itch, 

■^"See " Organon of the Healing Art." fifth edition, ^ 187-203. 


though in genteel and wealthy families we can seldom secure the in- 
formation and the certaint}^ as to how, where and from whom the 
infection has been derived; for there are innumerable imperceptible 
occasions whereby this infection may be received, as taught above. 

Now when the family physician notices this in time, then with- 
out any external application, the simple dose of one or two pills as 
large as poppy-seeds, moistened with the potentized sulphur in alco- 
hol, as described below, will fully and abundantly suf&ce to cure a 
child and to deliver it from the entire disease of itch, both the erup- 
tion and the internal itch malady (psora). 

The homoeopathic physician in his private practice seldom gets 
to see and to treat an eruption of itch spread over a considerable part 
of the skin and coming from a fresh infection. The patients on 
account of the intolerable itching either apply to some old woman, 
or to the druggist or the barber, who, one and all, come to their aid 
with a remedy which, as they suppose, is immediately effective (e. g. , 
lard mixed with flowers of sulphur). Only in the practice of the 
barracks, of prisons, hospitals, penitentiaries and orphan asylums 
those infected have to apply to the resident physician, if the surgeon 
of the house does not anticipate him. 

Even in the most ancient times when itch occurred, for it did 
not everywhere degenerate into leprosy, it was acknowledged that 
there was a sort of specific virtue against itch in sulphur; but they 
knew of no other way of appl3dng it, but to destroy the itch through 
an external application of it, even as is done now by the greater part 
of the modern physicians of the old school. A. C. Celsus has several 
ointments and salves (V. 28) some of which consist merely of sul- 
phur mixed with tar, while others contain also compounds of copper 
and other substances; these he prescribes for the expulsion of itch, 
and this he supposes to be its cure. So also the most ancient phy- 
sicians, like the moderns, prescribed for their itch patients baths of 
warm sulphurous mineral water. Such patients are usuall}^ also 
delivered from their eruption by these external sulphur remedies. 
But that their patients were not really cured thereby, became mani- 
fest, even to them, from the more severe ailments that followed, such 
as general drops}^ with which an Athenian was af&icted when he 
drove out his severe eruption of itch b}^ bathing in the warm sulphur 
baths of the island of Melos (now called Milo), and of which he died. 
This is recorded b}^ the author of Book V. Epidemion, which has 
been received among the writings of Hippocrates (some three hun- 
dred years before Celsus). 

Internally the ancient physicians gave no sulphur in itch, because 


they, like the moderns, did not see that this miasmatic disease was, 
at the same time and especially, an internal disease. 

Modern physicians have never given sulphur 07ily, and internally, 
to cure the itch, because they have never recognized the itch-disease as 
being also an internal and, indeed, chiefly internal disease. They 
only gave it in connection with the external means of driving 
away the itch, and, indeed, in doses which would act as purgatives, — 
ten, twent}^ and thirty grains at a dose, frequently repeated, — so that it 
never became manifest how useful or how injurious this internal 
application of such large doses, in connection with the external applica- 
tion, had been; at least the whole itch-disease (psora) could never be 
thoroughl}^ healed thereby. The external driving out of the erup- 
tion was simply advanced by it as by any other purgative, and with 
the same injurious effects as if no sulphur at all had been used 
internally. For even if sulphur is used only internally, but in the 
above described large doses, without any external destructive means, 
it can never thoroughly heal a psora; partly because in order to 
cure as an antipsoric and homoeopathic medicine, it must be given 
only in the smallest doses of a potentized preparation, while in 
larger and more frequent doses the crude sulphur* in some cases 
increases the malady or at least adds a new malady; partly because 
the vital force expels it as a violently aggressive remedy through 
purging stools or by means of vomiting, without having put its 
healing power to any use. 

Now if, as experience teaches, not even the fresh itch-disease which 

■^Here it is proper to subjoin the words of an impartial and even practical 
connoisseur of Homoeopathy, the deep-thinking, many-sided scholar and inde- 
fatigable investigator of truth. Count Buquoy, in \\\^ Anregungen fi'ir ph. w. 
Fo7^schu7igen (Leipzig, 1825, p. 386 sgg.). After assuming that a drug, which 
in a normal state of health causes the symptoms «, b, g, — in analogy with 
other physiological phenomena, produces the symptoms ^, y, 2, which appear 
in an abnormal state of health — can act upon this abnormal state in such a way 
that the disease-symptoms str, y, z, are transformed into the drug symptoms 
^) <^. ^) which latter have the peculiar characteristic of temporariness or tran- 
sitoriness; he then continues: " This transitory character belongs to the gTOup 
of symptoms of the medicine a, b, g, which is substituted for the group of symp- 
toms belonging to the disease, merely because the medicine is used in an r.v- 
traordinarily small dose. Should the homoeopathic physician give the patient 
too large a dose of the homoeopathic remedy indicated, the disease .r, .i'. - 
may indeed be transformed into the other, /, e., into a, b, g but the new 
disease nozu sits just as firmly fixed, as the former .\\ )', z ; so that the organ- 
ism ca7i just as little free itself from the disease a, b, g, as it was able to 
throw off the original disease .r, r, z. If a ver}' large dose is given, then a 
nezi', often very dangerous disease is produced, or the organism does its utmost 
to free itself very quickly from the poison (through diarrlu^ea, vomiting, etc.)." 


is the most easy to cure of all, i. e., the internal, recently formed psora 
together with the external, recent eruption, can be thoroughly healed 
by external applications accompanied with large quantities of flowers 
of sulphur, it may easil}^ be seen, that the psora, after it has been 
deprived of its eruption and has become merely internal and invet- 
erate, having developed secondary ailments and thus having changed 
into chronic diseases of various kinds, for the same reason can be 
just as little cured b}' a quantity of sulphur flowers, or by a number 
of baths in sulphurous mineral waters, or on the other hand by 
simultaneousl}^ drinking the same or a similar water; in a word, it 
cannot be cured by a superabundance and frequent repetition of this 
remedy, although it is of itself antipsoric."^ It is true that many 
such chronic patients by the first treatment at the baths seem to get 
rid for some time of the symptoms of their disease (therefore we see 
an incredible throng of many thousands, suffering from innumerable 
different chronic ailments at Teplitz, Baden, Aix-la-Chapelle, Neun- 
dorf, Warmbrunn, etc.); yet they are not on that account restored to 
health, but instead of the original chronic (psoric) disease, they 
have for a time come under the dominion of a sulphur-disease 
(another, perhaps more bearable, malady). This in time passes 
away, when the psora again lifts its head, either wdth the same 
morbid symptoms as before, or with others similar but gradualh^ 
more troublesome than the first, or with symptoms developing in 
nobler parts of the organism. Ignorant persons wdll rejoice in the 
latter case, that their former disease at least has passed away, and 
they hope that the new disease also may be removed by another 
journey to the same baths. They do not know, that their changed 
morbid state is merely a transformation of the same psora; but they 
always find out by experience, that their second tour to the baths 
causes even less alleviation, or, indeed, if the sulphur-baths are used 
in still greater number, that the second trial causes aggravation. 

Thus we see that either the excessive use of sulphur in all its 
forms, or the frequent repetition of its use by allopathic physicians 
in the treatment of a multitude of chronic diseases (the secondary 
psoric ailments) have taken away from it all value and use; and we 

* Used in small doses, sulphur as one of the antipsoric remedies will not 
fail to make a brief beginning of a cure of the chronic ( non- venereal and there- 
fore psoric) diseases. I know a physician in Saxony who gained a great repu- 
tation by merely adding to his prescriptions in nearly all chronic diseases 
flowers of sulphur, and this without knowing a reason for it. This in the 
beginning of such treatments is wont to produce a strikingly beneficent effect, 
but of course only in the beginning, and therefore after that his help was at an 


ma}^ well assert that, to this day, hardly anything but injury has 
been done by allopathic physicians through the use of sulphur. 

But even supposing that anyone should desire to make the only 
correct use of sulphur in this kind of disease, it will seldom be possi- 
ble to do this wdth the same desired success as where the homoeopathic 
physician finds a recent case of the itch-disease with its still existing 
eruption. Even when, owing to its undeniable anti-psoric effects, sul- 
phur may be able of itself to make the beginning of a cure, after the 
external expulsion of the eruption, either with the still hidden and 
latent psora or when this has more or less developed and broken out 
into its varied chronic diseases, it can nevertheless be but rarely 
made use of for this purpose, because its powers have usually been 
already exhausted, because it has been given to the patient already 
before by allopathic physicians for one purpose or another, perhaps 
has been given already repeatedly ; but sulphur, like most of the 
antipsoric remedies in the treatment of a developed psora that has 
become chronic, can hardly be used three or four times (even after 
the intervening use of other antipsoric remedies) without causing 
the cure to retrograde. 

The cure of an old pso7'a that has been deprived of its eruption ^ 
whether it ?nay be latent and quiescent, or already broke?! out into 
chro?iic diseases, ca7i never be accomplished with sulphur alo?ie, nor with 
sulphur-baths either natural or artificial. 

Here I may mention the curious circumstance that in general — 
with the exception of the recent itch-disease still attended with its 
unrepressed cutaneous eruption, and which is so easily cured from 
within* — every other psoric diathesis, /. e., the psora that is still 
latent within, as well as the psora that has developed into one of the 
innumerable chronic diseases springing from it, is very seldom cured 
by any single anti-psoric remedy, but requires the use of several of 
these remedies — in the worst cases the use of quite a number of 
them — one after the other, for its perfect cure. 

This circumstance need not astonish us when we consider that 
the psora is a chronic miasma of quite peculiar and especial character 
which in several thousands of years has passed through several 
millions of human organisms, and must have assumed such a vast 
extension of varied symptoms, — the elements of those innumerable. 

^Recent itch-disease with its still present cutaneous eruption has been cured 
at times without au}'^ external remedy by even one very small dose of a properly 
potentized preparation of sulphur and thus within two, three or four weeks ; 
once a dose of >< grain of carbo vegetabilis potentized a million fold sulTiced for 
a family of seven persons, and three times a like dose of as highly poienli/ed 
sepia was sufficient. 


chronic, non- venereal ailments, under which mankind now groans, — 
and could transmute itself into such an indefinite multitude of forms 
differing from one another as it gradually ultimated itself in the 
various bodily constitutions of individual men who differed from one 
another in their domiciles, their climatic peculiarities, their educa- 
tion, habits, occupations,^^ modes of life and of diet, and was moulded 
by varying bodily and psychic relations. It is, therefore, not strange, 
that one single and only medicine is insufficient to heal the entire 
psora and all its forms, and that it requires several medicines in order 
to respond, by the artificial morbid effects peculiar to each, to the 
unnumbered host of psora symptoms, and thus to those of all chronic 
(non-venereal i diseases, and to the entire psora, and to do this in a 
curative homoeopathic manner, f 

It is only, therefore, as already mentioned, when the eruption of 
itch is still in its prime and the infection is in consequence still recent, 
that the complete cure can be effected by sulphur alone, and then at 
times with but a single dose. I leave it undecided, whether this 
can be done in every case of itch still in full eruption on the skin, 
because the ages of the eruption of itch infecting patients is quite 
various. For if the eruption has been on the skin for some time 
(although it may not have been treated, with external repressive 
remedies) it will of itself begin to recede gradually from the skin. 
Then the internal psora has already in part gained the upper hand; 
the cutaneous eruption is then no more so completely vicarious, 
and ailments of another kind appear, partly as the signs of a 
latent psora, partly as chronic diseases developed from the internal 
psora. In such a case sulphur alone (as little as any other single 
antipsoric remedy) is usually no longer sufficient to produce a com- 
plete cure, and the other antipsoric remedies, one or another accord- 
ing to the remaining symptoms, must be called upon to give their 
homoeopathic aid. 

The homoeopathic medical treatment of the countless chronic 
diseases (non- venereal and therefore of psoric origin) agrees essentially 
in its general features with the homoeopathic treatment of human 
diseases as taught in the Organoyi of the Art of Healing; I shall 

* /. (?. , occupations which called more fully into play one or another organ 
of the bod}', one or another function of the spirit and mind. 

1 1 refrain from hinting through what exertions and through how many 
careful observations, investigations, reflections and varied experiments I have 
finally succeeded after eleven years in filling up the great chasm in the edifice 
of the homoeopathic healing art, the cure of the innumerable chronic diseases, 
and thus in completing as far as possible the blessings which this art has in store 
for suffering humanity. 

hahnkmann's chronic diskases. 107 

now indicate what is especially to be considered in the treatment of 
chronic diseases. 

As to the diet and mode of liviiig of patients of this kind I shall 
onl}^ make some general remarks, leaving the special application in 
any particular case to the judgment of the homoeopathic practitioner. 
Of course everything that would hinder the cure must also in these 
cases be removed. But since we have here to treat lingering, some- 
times very tedious diseases which cannot be quickly removed, and 
since w^e often have cases of persons in middle life and also in old 
age, in various relations of life which can seldom be totally changed, 
either in the case of rich people or in the case of persons of small 
means, or even with the poor, therefore limitations and modifica- 
tions of the strict mode of life as regularly prescribed by Homoeopathy 
must be allowed, in order to make possible the cure of such tedious 
diseases with individuals so very different. A strict, homoeopathic 
diet and mode of living does not cure chronic patients as our oppo- 
nents pretend in order to diminish the merits of Homoeopathy, but 
the main cause is the medical treatment. This may be seen in the 
case of the many patients who trusting these false allegations have 
for years observed the most strict homoeopathic diet without being 
able thereby to diminish appreciably their chronic disease; this rather 
increasing in spite of the diet, as all diseases of a chronic miasmatic 
nature do from their nature. 

Owing to these causes, therefore, and in order to make the cure 
possible, the homoeopathic practitioner must yield to circumstances 
in his prescriptions as to diet and mode of living, and in so doing he 
will much more surely, and therefore more completely, reach the aim 
of healing, than by an obstinate insistence on strict rules which in 
many cases cannot be obeyed. 

The daily laborer, if his strength allows, should continue his 
labor; the artisan his handiwork; the farmer, so far as he is able, his 
field work; the mother of the family her domestic occupations accord- 
ing to her strength; only labors that would interfere with the health 
of healthy persons should be interdicted. This must be left to the 
intelligence of the rational physician. 

The class of men who are usually occupied, not with bodily labor, 
but with fine work in their rooms, usually with sedentar}^ work, 
should be directed during their cure to walk more in the open air, 
without, on that account, setting their work altogether aside. 

Persons belonging to the higher classes should also be urged to 
take walks more than is their custom. The physician may allow 
this class the innocent amusement of moderate and becoming danc- 
ing, amusements in the country that are reconcilable with a strict 


diet, also social meetings with acquaintances, where conversation is 
the chief amusement ; he will not keep them from enjo^'ing harmless 
music or from listening to lectures which are not too fatiguing ; he 
can permit the theatre onl}^ exceptionally, but he can never allow 
the plajang of cards. The phj^sician will moderate too frequent 
riding and driving, and should know how to banish intercourse 
which should prove to be moralh' and ps3'chicalh^ injurious, as this 
is also physically injurious. The flirtations and empt}" excitations 
of sensuality between the sexes, the reading of indelicate novels and 
poems of a like character, as well as superstitious and enthusiastic 
books, are to be altogether interdicted.^ 

Scholars ought also to be induced to (moderately) exercise in the 
open air, and in bad weather to do some light mechanical work in 
doors; but during the medical treatment mental occupation should 
be limited to work from memor}^, since straining the head by read- 
ing is hardh" ever to be allowed, or at least onh' with great limita- 
tion and a strict definition as to the quantity- and qualitj' of what is 
read, i. e., in treating any of the more severe chronic diseases. In 
mental disorders it can never be allowed. 

All classes of chronic patients must be forbidden the use of any 
domestic remedies or the use of an}- medicines on their own account. 
With the higher classes, perfumeries, scented waters, tooth-powders 
and other medicines for the teeth must also be forbidden. If the 
patient has been accustomed for a long time to woolen under-cloth- 
ing, the homoeopathic physician cannot suddenly make a change; 
but as the disease diminishes the woollen under-garments may in 
warm weather be first changed to cotton and then, in warm w^eather, 
the patient can pass to linen. Fontanels can be stopped, in chronic 
diseases of any moment, only when the internal cure has already 
made progress, especially Tv4th patients of advanced age. 

The physician cannot 3aeld to the request of patients for the con- 
tinuation of their customary home-baths; but a quick ablution, as 

* Physicians frequently ^\nsh to assume importance by forbidding without 
exception all sexual intercourse to chronic patients who are married. But if 
both parties are able and disposed to it, such an interdict is, to say the least, 
ridiculous, as it neither can nor wall be obeyed (without causing a greater mis- 
fortune in the family). No legislature should give laws that cannot be kept 
nor controlled, or which would cause even greater mischief if kept. If one 
party is incapable of sexual intercourse this of itself will stop such intercourse. 
But of all functions in marriage such intercourse is what may least be com- 
manded or forbidden. Homoeopathy only interferes in this matter through 
medicines, so as to make the party that is incapable of sexual intercourse cap- 
able of it, through antipsoric (or anti-syphilitic) remedies, or on the other 
hand to reduce an excitable consort's morbidity to its natural tone. 


much as cleanliness may demand from time to time, may be allowed; 
nor can he permit an}^ venesection or cupping, however much the 
patient may declare that he has become accustomed thereto. 

As to diet, all classes of men who wish to be cured of a lingering 
disease, can suffer some limitation, if the chronic disease does not 
consist of an ailment of the abdomen; with the lower classes there 
need to be no very strict limitations, especially if the patient is able 
to remain at work in his trade, thus giving motion to the body. 
The poor man can recover health CA^en wnth a diet of vSalt and bread, 
and neither the moderate use of potatoes, flour-porridge nor fresh 
cheese will hinder his recovery ; onl)^ let him limit the condiments 
of onions and pepper with his meagre diet. 

He who cares for his recovery can find dishes, even at the king's 
table, which answer all the requirements of a natural diet. 

Most difficult for a homoeopathic physician is the decision as to 
drinks. Coffee has in great part the injurious effects on the health 
of bod}" and soul which I have described in my little book ( Wirkun- 
gen des Kaffecs [Effects of Coffee] , I^eipzig, 1803) ; but it has become 
so much of a habit and a necessity to the greater part of the so-called 
enlightened nations that it will be as difficult to extirpate as prejudice 
and superstition, unless the homoeopathic physician in the cure of 
chronic diseases insists on a general, absolute interdict. Only young 
people up to the twentieth year, or at most up to the thirtieth, can 
be suddenly deprived of it without any particular disadvantage; but 
with persons over thirty and forty years, if they have used coffee 
from their childhood, it is better to propose to discontinue it gradu- 
ally and every day to drink somewhat less; when lo and behold! 
most of them leave it off at once, and they will do so without am^ 
peculiar trouble (except, perhaps, for a few days at the commence- 
ment). As late as six years ago I still supposed that older persons 
who are unwilling to do without it, might be allowed to use it in a 
small quantity. But I have since then become convinced that even 
a long-continued habit cannot make it harmless, and as the physician 
can only permit what is best for his patient, it must remain as an 
established rule that chronic patients must altogether give up this 
part of their diet, which is insidiously injurious; and this the 
patients, high or low, who have the proper confidence in their phy- 
sician, when it is properly represented to them, almost without 
exception, do willingly and gladh^, to the great improvement of their 
health. Rye or wheat, roasted like coffee in a drum and then boiled 
and prepared like coffee, has both in smell and in taste much resem- 
blance to coffee; and rich and poor are using this substitute willingly 
in several countries. 


The like ma3^ be said concerning the expensive and so-called fine 
sorts, as well as concerning the cheap sorts of Chinese, tea which 
so flatteringly allures the nerves and so secretly and inevitably 
infests and weakens them. Even when made very weak and when 
only a little is drank only once a daj^ it is never harmless, neither 
with younger persons nor with older ones who have used it since 
their childhood; and they must instead of it use some harmless 
warm drink. Patients, according to my extensive experience, are 
also willing to follow the advice of their faithful adviser, the physi- 
cian in whom they have confidence, when this advice is fortified with 

With respect to the limitation in wine the practitioner can be 
far more lenient, since with chronic patients it will be hardly ever 
necessary to altogether forbid it. Patients who from their youth up 
have been accustomed to a plentiful use of pure * wine cannot give 
it up at once or entirely, and this the less the older they are. To do 
so would produce a sudden sinking of their strength and an obstruc- 
tion to their cure, and might even endanger their life. But they will 
be satisfied to drink it during the first weeks mixed with equal parts 
of water, and later, gradualh^ wine mixed with two, three and four 
and finally with five and six parts of water and a little sugar. The 
latter mixtures may be allowed all chronic patients as their usual 

More absolutely necessary in the cure of the chronic diseases is 
the giving up of whisky or brandy. This will require, however, as 
much consideration in diminishing the quantity used, as firmness in 
executing it. Where the strength appreciably diminishes at giving 
it up totally, a small portion of good, pure wine must be used instead 
of it for a little while, but later, wine mixed with several parts of 
water, according to circumstances. 

Since, according to an inviolable law of nature, our vital force 
always produces in the human organism the opposite of the impres- 
sions caused by physical and medicinal potencies in all the cases in 
which there are such opposites, it may easily be understood, as 
accurate observ-ation also testifies, that spirituous liquors, after hav- 
ing simulated refreshment and heightened vital warmth immediately 
after partaking them, must have just the opposite after-effects, owing 
to this opposite reaction of the vital force of the organism. Weakness 

^ Even for men in quite good health it is improper and in many ways injuri- 
ous to drink pure wine as a customarj^ beverage, and morality only permits 
its use in small quantities at festive occasions. A youth cannot keep his sexual 
desires under control up to his marriage unless he altogether avoids banquets. 
Gonorrhoea and chancre are due to such excesses. 


and a diminution of the vital warmth are the inevitable consequences 
of their use — states which ought to be removed as far as possible 
from the chronic patient by every true physician. Only an allopath 
who has never accustomed himself to observation and to reflection, 
and who is unwilling to acknowledge the injurious effects of his pal- 
liatives, can advise his chronic patients to dailj- drink strong, pure 
wine to strengthen themselves ; a genuine Homoeopath will never do 
this {^sed ex ungiie leoneni /). 

The permission of beer is quite questionable ! Since the artifices 
of brewers in modern times seem to intend, by their addition of vege- 
table substances to the extract of malt, not only to prevent it from 
souring, but also and especially to tickle the palate and to cause 
intoxication, without any regard to the injurious qualities of these 
malignant additions which often deeply undermine the health when 
daily used, and which cannot be discovered by any inspection, the 
honest physician cannot allow his patient to drink whatsoever is 
called beer; for even in the white beer (thin beer) and the porter, 
which on account of their lack of bitterness seem so harmless, not in- 
frequently have narcotic ingredients added to give them the much- 
liked intoxicating quality in spite of their diminished quantity of 

Among the articles of diet which are generally injurious to 
chronic patients are also all dishes containing vinegar or citric acid. 
These are especially apt to cause disagreeable sensations and troubles 
in those af&icted with nervous and abdominal ailments. They also 
either antagonize or excessively increase the effects of several medi- 
cines. For such patients also very acid fruit (as sour cherries, 
unripe gooseberries and currants) are to be allowed only in ver}' 
small quantities, and sweet fruits only in moderate quantity; so also 
baked prunes as a palliative are not to be advised to those inclined 
to constipation. To the latter, as also to those suffering from weak 
digestion, veal which is too young is not serviceable. Those whose 
sexual powers are low should limit themselves in eating young 
chickens and eggs, and should avoid the irritating spice of vanilla, 
also truffles and caviare, which as palliatives hinder a cure. Ladies 
with scanty menses must avoid the use of saffron and cinnamon for 
the same reason; persons with weak stomachs should avoid cinna- 
mon, cloves, amomum, pepper, ginger and bitter substances, which, 
being palliatives, are also injurious while under homoeopathic treat- 
ment. Vegetables causing flatulency should be forbidden in all 
abdominal troubles and where there is an inclination to constipation 
and costiveness. Beef and good wheat-bread or rye-bread, together 
with cow's milk and a moderate use of fresh butter, seem to be the 


most natural and harmless food for men, and also for chronic patients; 
onl}^ little salt should be used. Next to beef in wholesomeness are 
mutton, venison, grown chickens and young pigeons. The flesh 
and fat of geese and ducks are even less to be permitted to chronic 
patients than pork. Pickled and smoked meats should be rarely 
used and onl}^ in small quantities. 

Sprinkling chopped raw herbs on soups, putting pot-herbs into 
vegetables, and eating old, rancid cheese must be avoided. 

In using the better quality of fish their preparation should be 
especiall}^ looked to; they had best be prepared b}'^ boiling and used 
sparingly with sauces not much spiced; but no fish dried in the air 
or smoked; salt fish (herrings and sardines) only rarely and spar- 

Moderation in all things, even in harmless ones, is the chief duty 
of chronic patients. 

In considering diet, the use of tobacco should also be carefully 
considered. Smoking in some cases of chronic diseases ma}' be per- 
mitted, w^hen the patient had been accustomed to an uninterrupted 
use of it, and if he does not expectorate; but smoking should always 
he limited, and more so if the mental activity, sleep, digestion or the 
evacuations are defective. If evacuations regularly only take place 
after smoking, the use of this palliative must be all the more circum- 
scribed, and the same result must be obtained in a lasting manner 
through the appropriate antipsoric remedies. More objectionable 
yet, however, is the using of snuff, which is wont to be abused as a 
palliative against rheum and obstruction of the nose and insidious in- 
flammation of the eyes, and which being a palliative, is a great hin- 
drance in the cure of chronic diseases; it can, therefore, not be allowed 
with such patients, but must be diminished every day and at last 
stopped. An especial reason for this is also that in snuff the medic- 
inal liquors (sauces) with which almost all snuff is medicated 
touches with its substance the nerves of the inner nose and injures 
just as if a foreign medicine were taken, which is less the case with 
the burning, smoking tobacco in which the strength is disintegrated 
"by the heat. 

I now pass to the other hinderances to the cure of chronic dis- 
eases w^hich must be avoided as far as possible. 

All those events in human life which can bring the psora latent 
and slumbering within, which has hitherto manifested itself only by 
some of the signs mentioned above, wherein the patient varies from 
a state of health, so as to break out into open chronic diseases, these 
same events if they occur to a person already a chronic patient may 
not only augment his disease and increase the difiiculty of curing it, 

hahnkmx\nn's chronic diseases. 113 

but, if they break in on him violently, may make his disease incura- 
ble, if the untoward circumstances are not suddenly changed for the 

Such events are, however, of ver}' various nature, and therefore 
of different degrees of injurious influence. 

Excessive hardships, laboring in swamps, great bodily injuries 
and wounds, excess of cold or heat, and even the unsatisfied hunger of 
poverty and its unwholesome foods, etc. , are not by any means very 
powerful in causing the fearful malady of psora which lies in ambush, 
lurking in secret to break forth into serious chronic diseases, nor of 
great consequence in aggravating a chronic disease already present; 
yea, an innocent man can, with less injury to his life, pass ten 3^ears 
in bodily torments in the bastile or on the galleys rather than pass 
some months in all bodily comfort in an unhappy marriage or with a 
remorseful conscience. A psora slumbering within, which still allows 
the favorite of a prince to live with the appearance of almost bloom- 
ing health unfolds quickly into a chronic ailment of the body, or dis- 
tracts his mental organs into insanity, when by a change of fortune 
he is hurled from his brilliant pinnacle and is exposed to contempt 
and poverty. The sudden death of a son causes the tender mother, 
already in ill health an incurable suppuration of the lungs or a cancer 
of the breast. A young, affectionate maiden, already hysterical, is 
thrown into melancholy by a disappointment in love. 

How difficult it is, and how seldom will the best antipsoric treat- 
ment do anything to relieve such unfortunates! 

By far the most frequent excitement of the slumbering psora into 
chronic disease, and the most frequent aggravation of chronic ail- 
ments already existing, are caused by grief and vexation. 

Uninterrupted grief and vexation very soon increase even the 
smallest traces of a slumbering psora into more severe symptoms, and 
they then develop these into an outbreak of all imaginable chronic 
sufferings more certainly and more frequently than all other inju- 
rious influences operating on the human organism in an average 
human life; while these two agencies just as surel}^ and frequently 
augment ailments alread}^ existing. 

As the good physician will be pleased wdien he can enliven and 
keep from ennui the mind of a patient, in order to advance a euro 
which is not encumbered with such obstructions, he will in such a 
case feel more than ever the dut}^ incumbent upon him to do all 
within the power of his influence on the patient and on his relatives 
and surroundings, in order to relieve him of grief and vexation. 
This will and must be a chief end of his care and neighborly love. 

But if the relations of the patient cannot be improved in this 


respect, and if he has not sufficient philosophy, reHgion and power 
over himself to bear patiently and with equanimity all the sufferings 
and afflictions for which he is not to blame, and which it is not in 
his power to change; if grief and vexation continually beat in upon 
him, and it is out of the power of the physician to effect a lasting 
removal of these most active destroyers of life, he had better give up 
the treatmenr-^ and leave the patient to his fate, for even the most 
masterly management of the case with the remedies that are the 
most exquisite and the best adapted to the bodily ailment will avail 
nothing, nothing at all, with a chronic patient thus exposed to con- 
tinual sorrow and vexation, and in whom the vital economy is being 
destroyed by continuous assaults on the mind. The continuation of 
the fairest edifice is foolish, when the foundation is being daily un- 
dermined, even if but gradually, by the play of the waves. 

Almost as near, and often nearer yet, to incurability are the 
chronic diseases, especially with great and rich men, who for 
some years, besides the use of mineral baths, f have passed through 
the hands of various, often of many, allopathic physicians, who 
have tried on them one after another all the fashionable modes of 
cure, the remedies which are so boastingly lauded in England, • 
France and Italy, — all strongl}^ acting mixtures. By so many un- 
suitable medicines, which are injurious by their violence and their 
frequent repetition in large doses, the psora which always lies within, 
even if not combined with syphilis, becomes every year more incur- 
able, as do also the chronic ailments springing from it; and after the 
continuation of such irrational medical assaults on the organism for 
several years it becomes almost quite incurable. It cannot well be 
decided, since these things take place in the dark, w^hether these 
heroic unhomceopathic doses have added, as may be suspected, new 
ailments to the original disease, which ailments through the large- 
ness of the doses and their frequent repetition have now become 
lasting and as it were chronic, or whether through abuse there has 
resulted a crippling of the different faculties of the organism, i. e. , 

^ Unless the patient should have little or no cause for his grief and sor- 
row, or hardly any incitement from without to vexation, and in consequence 
would need more particularly to be treated with respect to his mental disorder, 
by means of the antipsoric remedies, which are at the same time suited to the 
rest of his chronic disease. Such cases are not only curable, but often even 
easily curable. 

t Every time the baths are used, even when the water is not in itself unsuit- 
able to the ailment, they are to be considered as the use of large doses often 
repeated of one and the same violently acting medicine, the violent operation 
of which can seldom be salutary, and must often result in the aggravation of 
the morbid state, yea, even to the patient's utter destruction. 


those of irritability, of sensation and of reproduction, and so (proba- 
bh^ from both causes) there has arisen the monster of various ail- 
ments, fused into one .another, which can no longer be rationally 
viewed as a simple natural ailment. In short, this many-sided dis- 
harmony and perversion of parts and of forces most indispensable to 
life present a chaos of ailments which the homoeopathic physician 
should not lightly declare curable. 

By such treatments, which are incapable of curing the original 
disease, but are exhausting and debilitating, the aggravation of the 
psora is not only hastened from within, but new artificial and threat- 
ening ailments are generated by such delusive allopathic cures, so 
that the vital force, thus attacked from two sides, often is unable to 

If in such cases the sad consequences of these indirect assaults of 
the old methods of cure were dynamic disturbances only, they would 
surely either disappear of themselves when the treatment is discon- 
tinued, or they ought at least to be extinguished again effectively 
through homoeopathic medicines. But this is not at all the case; 
they do not yield. Very likely by these indirect, continuous and 
repeated assaults on the sensitive, irritable fiber by such injudicious 
medicinal disease-potencies, which are given in large doses fre- 
quently repeated, the vital force is obliged to meet this attack and 
to endeavor either to dynamically change these tender internal 
organs which are assaulted so mercilessly, or to reconstruct them 
materially so as to make them unassailable to such violent attacks, 
and thus to protect and shield the organism from general destruction. 
Thus, e. g. , this force, which instinctively preserves life, beneficially 
shields the fine sensitive skin of the hand with a callous covering of 
hard, horny skin in persons with whom the skin is exposed to 
frequent injuries during hard labor whereby the skin is injured b}^ 
hard, scratching materials or by corroding substances. So also in a 
long continued allopathic treatment, which has no true healing 
power with respect to the disease, no direct pathic (homoeopathic) re- 
lation to the parts and processes concerned in the chronic disease, 
but internally assaults other delicate parts and organs of the body, in 
such cases the vital force, in order to protect the whole from destruc- 
tion, dynamically and organically transmutes these fine organs; /. <\, 
either makes them inactive or parah^zes them, or dulls their sensitive- 
ness, or makes them altogether callous. On the one side the most 
tender fiber is abnormally thickened or hardened, and the more vig- 
orous fibers consumed or annihilated — thus there arise artificially, 
adventitious organisms, malformations and degenerations, which at 
post-mortem examinations are cuiniingly ascribed to the nialignanc>- 


of the original disease. Such an internal state is not infrequent, and 
is in man}' cases incurable. Onl}- where there are still sufficient vital 
powers in a bod}' not too much bowed down b}- age (but where 
under an allopathic regime do we not find the powers wasted?) 
under favorable external circumstances, the vital force d3'namically 
freed from its original disease by the careful homoeopathic (anti- 
psoric) treatment of a practiced ph3'sician, ma}' succeed in gradually 
reasserting itself, and in gradually absorbing and transforming those 
(often numerous) adventitious secondary formations which it was com- 
pelled to form. Such a transformation is, however, only possible to 
a still energetic vital force, which has been in great part set free from 
its psora. Only however, under favorable external circumstances, 
and after the lapse of a considerable time and usually in only an im- 
perfect manner, does the vital force succeed in this almost creative 
endeavor. Experience proves daily that the more zealoush' the allo- 
path puts into practice in chronic diseases his per\'erse destructive 
art (often with great care, industry and persistence), the more he 
ruins his patients in health and life. 

How can perversions, introduced into patients in this manner 
frequently for years, be transformed in a short time into health even 
by the best, i. e., the true method of cure, which has never assumed 
to itself the power of directly influencing organic defects ? 

The physician has to meet in such cases no natural, simple psoric 
disease. He can therefore promise an improvement only after a long 
period of time, but never a full restoration, even if the vital powers 
are not (as is so frequently the case) altogether wasted; for where 
this is the case, he would feel compelled to desist from treatment 
even at the first glance. First the many chronic medicinal diseases 
which pass over the fluctuating state of health must gradually be 
removed (perhaps during a several months' stay in the country 
almost without medicine); or they must depart as of themselves 
through the activity of the vital force, when the antipsoric treat- 
ment has to some degree begun, with an improved manner of living 
and a regulated diet. For who could find remedies for all these ail- 
ments artificially produced by a confused mass of strong unsuitable 
medicines ? The vital force must first absorb and reform what it has 
compulsorily deformed, before the true healer will in time see again 
before him a partially cleared malady similar to the original one, and 
which he will then be able to combat.^ 

- On the other hand, the most dreadful diseases of every kind which have 
not been spoiled by any medical fatuity, in the families of farm laborers and 
other day laborers, on whom of course no ordinary physician presses his ser- 
vices, are quite commonty, almost as if by a miracle, cured by the antipsoric 
remedies in a short time, and are transformed into lasting good health. 



Woe to the 3^oung homoeopathic physician who has to found his 
fame upon the cure of those diseases, of rich and prominent persons, 
which b)' a mass of allopathic evil arts have degenerated into such 
monstrosities! With all his care he will end in failure! 

A similar great hindrance to a cure of far-advanced chronic dis- 
eases is often found in the debility and weakness into which youths 
fall who are spoiled by rich parents, being carried away by their 
superabundance and wantonness, and seduced by wicked companions 
through destructive passions and excesses, through revelings, abuse 
of the sexual instinct, gambling, etc. Without the least regard for 
life and for conscience, bodies originally robust are debilitated by 
such vices into mere semblances of humanity, and are besides ruined 
by perverse treatment of their venereal diseases, so that the psora, 
which frequently lurks within, grows up into the most pitiable 
chronic diseases, which, even if the morality of the patient should 
have improved, on account of the depressing remorse, and the little 
remnant of their wasted vital powers, accept antipsoric relief only with 
the greatest difiiculty. Such cases should be undertaken by homoeo- 
pathic physicians as curable only with the greatest caution and re- 

But where the above-mentioned often almost insurmountable 
obstacles to the cure of these innumerable chronic diseases are not 
present,''"^ there is nevertheless found at times, especially with the 
lower classes of patients, a peculiar obstruction to the cure, which lies 
in the source of the malady itself, where the psora, after repeated in- 
fections and a repeated external repression of the resulting eruption, 
had developed gradually from its internal state into one or more 
severe chronic ailments. A cure will, indeed, also be certainly 
effected here, if the above-mentioned obstacles do not prevent, b^^ a 
judicious use of the antipsoric remedies, but only with much patience 
and considerable time, and onl^^ with patients who observe the direc- 
tions and who are not too aged nor too much debilitated. 

But in these difficult cases also the wise arrangement of nature is 

^ One additional obstacle to the homoeopatliic cure of chronic diseases, and 
one which is not very rare but is still usually disregarded, if : T/ir si//>/)frssr(f 
sexual instinct with marriageable persons of either sex, either from non- 
marriage owing to various causes not removable by a physician, or where in 
married persons sexual intercourse of an infirm wife with a vigorous husband, 
or of the infirm husband with a vigorous wife has been absolute!}' and forever 
interdicted by an injudicious physician, as is not infrequently the case. In 
such cases a more intelligent physician, recognizing the circumstances and the 
natural impulse implanted by the Creator, will give his permission and thus 
not infrequently render curable a multitude of hysterical and hypochondriac 
states, yea, often even melancholy and insanity. 


manifested in aid of our efforts, if we only make a good use of the 
favorable moment offering. For experience informs us that in a 
case of itch arising from a new infection, even when, after several 
preceding infections and repressions of the eruption, the psora has 
made considerable progress in the production of chronic diseases of 
many kinds, the itch which has last arisen, if it has only still kept 
its full primitive eruption unhindered on the skin, may be cured 
almost as easil}^ as if it were the first and the onlj^ one, i. e., usually 
by merely one or a few doses of the appropriate antipsoric medicine, 
and that by such a cure the whole psora of all the preceding infec- 
tions, together with its outbreaks into chronic ailments, is cured.* 

Nevertheless it is not advisable to intentionally cause a new arti- 
ficial infection with itch, even if the patient felt no repugnance to it 
(as is nevertheless, frequently the case) merel}^ on account of the 
easier cure in that case of the old psora which had been several times 
renewed; because in severe chronic diseases of a non- venereal and 
therefore psoric origin, — as e. g. suppuration of the lungs, a com- 
plete paralyzation of one or another part of the body, etc., — the itch 
miasma rarely retains its hold, and, as far as experience shows, it 
clings less when caused by an artificial inoculation than when it 
originates from an accidental, unintentional infection. 

I have little further to saj^ to the physician already skilled in the 
homoeopathic art as to how he is to operate in the cure ,of chronic 
diseases, except to direct him to the antipsoric remedies appended to 
this w^ork; for he will know how to use these remedies for this noble 
end successfully. I have only to add a few^ cautions. 

First of all, the great truth is established that all chronic ail- 
ments, all great, and the greatest, long continuing diseases (except- 
ing the few venereal ones) spring from psora alone and only find 
their thorough cure in the cure of the psora; they are, consequently, 
to be healed mostly only by antipsoric remedies, /. e., by those 
remedies which in their provings as to their pure action on the 
healthy human body manifest most of the symptoms which are most 
frequently perceived in latent as well as in developed psora. 

The homoeopathic physician, therefore, in curing a chronic (non- 

*The same is the case, according to the merciful arrangement of nature, 
with sj^phiUs, where, after a local destruction of the chancre or the bubo and 
after a consequent breaking out of the venereal disease, a new infection takes 
place. The new infection, while the chancre remains undisturbed, may be 
cured, together with the venereal disease sprung from the former infection, just 
as easily by a single dose of the best mercurial preparation, as if the first 
chancre were still present,— provided that no complication with either of the 
other two chronic miasmata, especially the psoric, has taken place; for in such 
a case, as has been mentioned above, the psora must first be removed. 


venereal) disease, and in all and in ever}^ s3anptom, ailment and dis- 
order arising in this disease, no matter what seductive name these 
ma}^ have in common life or in pathology, will usually and especially 
look to the use of an antipsoric medicine selected according to 
strictl}" homoeopathic rules, in order to surely attain his end. 

Let him not think, while a well-chosen antipsoric medicine is 
acting and the patient some day feels a moderate headache, or else a 
moderate ailment, that he must give the patient at once some other 
medicine, whether an antipsoric or another remedy; or if perchance 
a sore throat should arise, that he must give another remedy, or 
another on account of diarrhoea, or another on account of some 
moderate pain in one part or another, etc. 

No! the homoeopathic antipsoric medicine having been chosen as 
well as possible to suit the morbid S3^mptoms, and given in the 
appropriate potenc}^ and in the proper dose, the physician should as 
a rule allow it to finish its action without disturbing it b}^ an inter- 
vening remedy. 

For if the S3^mptoms occurring during the action of the remed^^ 
have also occurred, if not in the last few weeks, at least now and then 
some weeks before, or some months before in a similar manner, then 
such occurrences are merely a homoeopathic excitation, through the 
medicine, of some symptom not quite unusual to this disease, of 
something which had perhaps been more frequently troublesome 
before, and they are a sign that this medicine acts deeply into the 
very essence of this disease, and that consequently it will be more 
effective in the future. The medicine, therefore^ should be allowed 
to continue and exhaust its action undisturbed, without giving the 
least medicinal substance between its doses. 

But if the symptoms are different and had never before occurred , 
or never in this way, and, therefore, are peculiar to this medicine 
and not to be expected in the process of the disease, but trifling, the 
action of the medicine ought not for the present to be interrupted. 
Such s3^mptoms frequently pass off without interrupting the helpful 
activity of the remedy; but if they are of a burdensome intensity, 
they are not to be endured; in such a case they are a sign that the 
antipsoric medicine was not selected in the correct homoeopathic 
manner. Its action must then be checked b3^ an antidote, or when 
no antidote to it is known, another antipsoric medicine more accu- 
rately answering its symptoms must be given in its place; in this 
case these false symptoms ma3' continue a few more da3'S, or tlie3' 
may return, but they will soon come to a final end and be replaced 
by a better help. 

IvCast of all, need we to be concerned when the usual customary 


symptoms are aggravated and show most prominently on the first 
days, and again on some of the following days, but gradually less 
and less. This so-called homoeopathic aggravation is a sign of an 
incipient cure (of the symptoms thus aggravated at present), which 
may be expected with certainty. 

But if these aggravated original symptoms appear on subsequent 
days still of the same strength as at the beginning, or even with an 
increased severity, it is a sign that the dose of this antipsoric remedy, 
although properly selected according to homoeopathic principles, was 
too large, and it is to be apprehended that no cure will be effected 
by it; because the medicine in so large a dose is able to establish a 
disease, which in some respects, indeed, is similar to it; with respect 
to the fact, however, that the medicine in its present intensity un~ 
folds also its other symptoms which annul the similarity, it produces 
a dissimilar chronic disease instead of the former, and, indeed, a more 
severe and troublesome one, without thereby extinguishing the old 
original one. 

This will be decided in the first sixteen, eighteen or twenty days 
of the action of the medicine which has been given in too large a 
dose, and it must then be checked, either by prescribing its antidote, 
or, if this is not as yet known, by giving another antipsoric medicine 
fitting as well as possible, and indeed in a very moderate dose, and if 
this does not suffice to extinguish this injurious medicinal disease, 
another still should be given as homoeopathically suitable as pos- 

Now when the stormy assault caused by too large a dose of med~ 
icine, although homoeopathically selected, has been assuaged through 
an antidote or the later use of some other antipsoric remedies, then, 
later on, the same antipsoric remedy — which had been hurtful onl}^ 
because of its over-large dose — can be used again, and, indeed, as 
soon as it is homoeopathically indicated, with the greatest success, 
only in a far smaller dose and in a much more highly potentized 
attenuation, i. e., in a milder quality. 

The physician can, indeed, make no worse mistake than Jifst, to 
consider as too small the doses which I (forced by experience) have 
reduced after manifold trials and which are indicated with every 
antipsoric remedy and secondly, the wrong choice of a remedy, and 

" I have myself experienced this accident, which is very obstructive to a 
cure and cannot be avoided too carefully. Still ignorant of the strength of its 
medicinal power, I gave sepia in too large a dose. This trouble was still more 
manifest when I gave lycopodmui and silicea, potentized to the one-billionth 
degree, giving four to six pellets, though only as large as poppy seeds. Discite 
inoniti ! 


thirdly, the hastiness which does not allow each dose to act its full 

The first error I have already spoken of, and would only add that 
nothing is lost if the dose is given even smaller than I have pre- 
scribed. It can hardly be given too small^ if only everything in the 
diet and the remaining mode of life of the patient which would 
obstruct or counteract the action of the medicine is avoided. The 
medicine will still produce all the good effects which can at all be 
expected from a medicine, if only the antipsoric was homoeopathic- 
alty, correctly, selected according to the carefully investigated sj^mp- 
toms of the disease, and if the patient does not disturb its effects by 
his violation of the rules. If ever it should happen that the choice 
has not been correctl}' made, the great advantage 7^e?nai?is, that the 
incorrectly selected medicine in this smallest dose fnay in the ma7iner 
indicated above be counteracted more easily, whereupon the cure may 
be continued without delay with a more suitable antipsoric. 

As to the second chief error in the cure of chronic diseases {^the un- 
homoeopathic choice of the 7)iedici7ie) the homoeopathic beginner (many, 
I am sorr}^ to say, remain such beginners their life long) sins chiefly 
through inexactness, lack of earnestness and through love of ease. 

With the great conscientiousness which should be shown in the 
restoration of a human life endangered by sickness more than in any- 
thing else, the Homoeopath, if he would act in a manner worthy of 
his calling, should investigate first the whole state of the patient, the 
internal cause as far as it is remembered, and the cause of the con- 
tinuance of the ailment, his mode of life, his quality as to mind, soul 
and body, together w^ith all his symptoms (see directions in O7ga7io7i), 
and then he should carefully find out in the work on Chronic Dis- 
eases as well as in the work on Materia Medica Pura a remed}' cov- 
ering in similarity, as far as possible, all the moments, or at least the 
most striking and peculiar ones, with its own peculiar symptoms; 
and for this purpose he should not be satisfied with any of the exist- 
ing repertories, — a carelessness onl}^ too frequent; for these books 
are only intended to give light hints as to one or another remedy 
that might be selected, but the}^ can never dispense him from making 
the research at the first fountain heads. He who does not take the 
trouble of treading this path in all critical and complicated diseases, 
and, indeed, with all patience and intelligence, but contents himself 
with the vague hints of the repertories in the choice of a remedy, 
and who thus quickly dispatches one patient after the other, does not 
deserve the honorable title of a genuine Homoeopath, but is rather to 
be called a bungler, who on that account has continually to change 
his remedies until the patient loses patience; and as his aihnonts 


have of course onh^ been aggravated he must leave this aggravator 
of diseases, whereby the art itself suffers discredit instead of the un- 
worthy disciple of art. 

This disgraceful love of ease (in the calling which demands the 
most conscientious care) often induces such would-be Homoeopaths 
to give their medicines merely from the (often problematic) statement 
of their use {ab usu in morbis) which are enumerated in the intro- 
ductions to the medicines, a method which is altogether faulty and 
strongly savors of allopathy, as these statements usually only give a 
few symptoms. They should only serve as a confirmation of a choice 
made according to the pure actions of the medicines; but never to 
determine the selection of a remedy which can cure only when used 
according to the exact similitude of its homoeopathic sjmiptoms. 
There are, we are sorry to say, even authors who advise following 
this empiric pathway of error ! 

The third leading mistake which the homoeopathic ph^^sician can- 
not too carefully nor too steadfastly avoid while treating chronic 
diseases, is in hastily and thoughtlessl}- — when a properly moderate 
dose of a well selected antipsoric medicine has been serviceable for 
several daj^s, — giving some other medicine in the mistaken supposi- 
tion that so small a dose could not possibly operate and be of use 
more than eight or ten days. This notion is sought to be supported 
b}^ the statement that on some day or other, while allowed to con- 
tinue its action, the morbid symptoms which were to be eradicated, 
had shown themselves somewhat from time to time. 

But if once a medicine, because it was selected in a correct homoeo- 
pathic manner, is acting well and usefully, which is seen by the 
eighth or tenth da}', then an hour or even half a da}' may come when 
a moderate homoeopathic aggravation again takes place. The good 
results will not fail to appear but ma}', in very tedious ailments, 
not show themselves in their best light before the twenty-fourth 
or thirtieth day. The dose will then probably have exhausted its 
favorable action about the fortieth or fiftieth day, and before that 
time it would be injudicious, and an obstruction to the progress of 
the cure, to give any other medicine. Let it not be thought, how- 
ever, that we should scarcely wait for the time assigned as the 
probable duration of action to elapse, before giving another anti- 
psoric medicine: that we should hasten to change to a new medicine in 
order to finish the cure more quickly. Experience contradicts this 
notion entirely, and teaches on the contrary, that a cure cannot be 
accomplished more quickly and surely than by allowing the suitable 
antipsoric to continue its actions so long as the imp7'ovenie7it con- 


iinues, even if this should be several, yea, mayiy"^^"- days beyond the 
assigned, supposed time of its duration, so as to delay as long as 
practicable the giving of a new medicine. 

Whoever can restrain his impatience as to this point, will reach 
his object the more surely and the more certainly. Only when the 
old symptoms, which had been eradicated or very much diminished 
by the last and the preceding medicines commence to rise again for 
a few da^'s, or to be again perceptibly aggravated, then the time has 
most surely come w^hen a dose of the medicine most homoeopathically 
fitting should be given. Experience and careful observation alone 
can decide; and it always has decided in my manifold, exact obser- 
vations, so as to leave no doubt remaining. 

Now if we consider the great changes which must be effected by 
the medicine in the many, variously composite and incredibly deli- 
cate parts of our living organism, before a chronic miasm so deeply 
inrooted and, as it were, parasitically interwoven with the economy 
of our life as psora is, can be eradicated and health be thus restored: 
then it may well be seen how natural it is, that during the long- 
continued action of a dose of antipsoric medicine selected homoeo- 
pathically, assaults may be made by it at various periods on the 
organism, as it were in undulating fluctuations during this long- 
continued disease. Experience shows that when for several days 
there has been an improvement, half hours or whole hours or several 
hours wHll again appear when the case seems to become worse; but 
these periods, so long as only the original ailments are renewed and 
no new, severe symptoms present themselves, only show a continuing 
improvement, being homoeopathic aggravations which do not hinder 
but advance the cure, as they are only renewed beneficent assaults f 
on the disease, though they are wont to appear at times sixteen, 
twent}^ or twenty-four days after taking a dose of antipsoric 

■^ In a case where sepia had showed itself completely homoeopathically anti- 
psoric for a peculiar headache that appeared in repeated attacks, and where the 
ailment had been diminished both as to intensity and duration, while the 
pauses between the attacks had also been much lengthened, when the attacks 
re-appeared I repeated the dose, which then caused the attacks to cease for 
one hundred days (consequently its action continued that long), when it reap- 
peared to some degree, which necessitated another dose, after which no other 
attack took place for, now, seven years, while the health was also otherwise 

t These attacks, however, if the antipsoric remedy was selected filtinj^ly and 
homoeopathically and the dose was a moderate one, during its continued action 
take place, ever more and more rarely and more feebly, but if the doses were 
too strong they come more frequently and more strongly, to the detriment ot 
the patient. 


As a rule, therefore, the antipsoric medicine in chronic diseases 
continue their action the longer, the more tedious the diseases are. 
But vice versa also those medicines which in the health}' bod}' show 
a long period of action act only a short time and quickl}" in acute 
diseases w^hich speedih' run their course {e. g. belladonna, sulphur^ 
arsenic, etc. ) and their periods of action are shorter, the more acute 
the diseases. The ph^'sician must, therefore, in chronic diseases, 
allow all antipsoric remedies to act thirty- , forty or even fifty and 
more da3'S by tJiemselves, so long as the}' continue to improve the dis~ 
eased state perceptibly to the acute observer, even though gradually; 
for so long the good effects continue with the indicated doses and 
these must not be disturbed and checked b}' any new remed}^'^ 

* The importance of avoiding the above-described two errors will hardly be 
realized by phjvsicians. These great, pure truths will be questioned yet for years, 
even by most of the homoeopathic phj^sicians, and will not, therefore, be prac- 
ticed, on account of the theoretical reflection and the reigning thought: " It 
requires quite an effort to believe that so little a thing, so prodigiously small a 
dose of medicine, could effect the least thing in the human bod}-, especially in 
coping with such enormously great, tedious diseases; but that the physician 
must cease to reason, if he should believe that these prodigiously small doses 
can act not onty two or three daj-s, but even twenty, thirty and forty days 
and longer j-et, and cause, even to the last day of their operation, important, 
beneficent effects otherwise unattainable." Nevertheless this true theorem 
is not to be reckoned among those which should be comprehended, nor among 
those for which I ask a blind faith. I demand no faith at all, and do not 
demand that anybody- should comprehend it. Neither do I comprehend it; it 
is enough, that it is a fact and nothing else. Experience alone declares it, and 
I believe more in experience than in my own intelligence. But who will arro- 
gate to himself the power of weighing the invisible forces that have hitherto 
been concealed in the inner bosom of nature, when they are brought out of the 
crude state of apparently dead matter through a new, hitherto undiscovered 
agency, such as is potentizing by long continued trituration and succussion. 
But he who will not allow himself to be convinced of this and who will not, 
therefore, imitate what I now teach after many years' trial and experience (and 
what does the physician risk, if he imitates it exactly?), he who is not willing- 
to imitate it exactly, can leave this greatest problem of our art unsolved, he can 
also leave the most important chronic diseases uncured, as they have remained 
unhealed; indeed, up to the time of my teaching. I have no more to say about 
this. It seemed to me my duty to publish the great truths to the world that 
needs them, untroubled as to whether people can compel themselves to follow 
them exactly or not. If it is not done with exactness, let no one boast to have 
imitated me, nor expect a good result. 

Do we refuse to imitate any operation until the wonderful forces of 
nature on which the result is based are clearly brought before our eyes and 
made comprehensible even to a child ? Would it not be 'silly to refuse to- 
strike sparks from the stone and flint, because we cannot comprehend how 
so much combined caloric can be in these bodies, or how this can be drawn 
out by rubbing or striking, so that the particles of steel which are rubbed off 


But if these appropriate!}^ selected antipsoric medicines are not 
allowed to act their full time, when they are acting well, the whole 
treatment will amount to nothing. Another antipsoric remedy 
which ma}' be ever so useful, but is prescribed too early and before 
the cessation of the action of the present remedy, or a new dose of 
the same renied}' which is still usefull}^ acting, can in no case replace 
the good effect which has been lost through the interruption of the 
complete action of the preceding remedy, which was acting usefully, 
and which can hardh' be again replaced. 

It is a fundamental 7'iile in the treatment of chronic diseases: To 
let the action of the remedy, selected i7i a mode homceopathically appro- 
priate to the case of disease which lias been carefully investigated as to 
its sympto7ns, come to an undisturbed conclusion, so long as it visibly 
advances the cure ayid the while improve^neyit still perceptibly progresses. 
This method forbids any new prescription, any interruption by an- 
other medicine and forbids as well the immediate repetitio7i of the saine 
remedy. Nor can there be anything more desirable for the physician 
than to see the improvement of the patient proceed to its completion 
unhindered and perceptibly. There are not a few cases, where 
the practiced careful Homoeopath sees a single dose of his remedy, 
selected so as to be perfectly homoeopathic, even in a very severe 
chronic disease, continue uninterruptedly to diminish the ailment for 
several weeks, yea, months, up to recovery; a thing which could not 
have been expected better in any other way, and could not have been 
effected by treating with several doses or with several medicines. 
To make the possibility of this process in some way intelligible, we 
may assume, what is not very unlikely, that an antipsoric remedy 
selected most accurately according to homoeopathic principles, even 
in the smallest dose of a high or the highest potenc}^ can manifest so 
long- continued a curative force, and at last cure, probabl}^, onl}^ by 
means of a certain infection with a very similar medicinal disease 
which overpowers the original disease, by the process of nature 

hy the stroke of the hard stone are melted, and, as glowing little balls, cause the 
tinder to catch fire ? And yet we strike fire with it, without understanding or 
comprehending this miracle of the inexhaustible caloric hidden in the cold 
steel, or the possibility of calling it out with a frictional stroke. Again, it 
would be just as silly as if we should refuse to learn to write, because we cannot 
comprehend how one man can communicate his thought to another through 
pen, ink and paper — and yet we communicate our thoughts to a friend in a 
letter without either being able or desirous of comprehending this psychico- 
physical miracle! Why, then, should we hesitate to conquer and heal the 
bitterest foes of the life of our fellow-men, the chronic diseases, in the stated 
way, which, punctually followed, is the best possible method, because we tlo 
not see how these cures are effected ? 


itself, according to which {^Orgmion, % 45, Fifth Edition,) two dis- 
eases which are different, indeed, in their kind but very similar in 
their manifestations and effects, as also in the ailments and symp- 
toms caused hy it, w^hen thej^ meet together in the organism, the 
stronger disease (which is always the one caused hy the medicine, 
§ 33, ibid.) destroys the w^eaker (the natural one). In this case every 
new medicine and also a new dose of the same medicine, would 
interrupt the work of improvement and cause new ailments, an inter- 
ference which often cannot be repaired for a long time. 

But if any unfavorable effects are evolved by the present dose of 
medicine, i. e. , troublesome symptoms which do not belong to this 
disease, and if the mind of the patient becomes depressed, if only a 
little at first, still increasingly, then the next dose of the same medi- 
cine, given immediately after the former, cannot but become injurious 
to the patient. Yet when a sudden great and striking improvement 
of a tedious great ailment follows immediatel}^ on the first dose of 
a medicine, there justly arises much suspicion that the remedy has 
only acted palliatively, and therefore must never be gi\^en again, 
even after the intervention of several others remedies. 

Nevertheless there are cases which make an exception to the rule, 
but which not every beginner should risk finding out.-'^ 

The only allowable exception for an hnniediate repetitio7i of the 
same medicine is when the dose of a well-selected and in every w^ay 
suitable and beneficial remedy has made some beginning tow^ard an 
improvement, but its action ceases too quickly, its power is too soon 
exhausted, and the cure does not proceed any further. This is rare 
in chronic diseases, but in acute diseases and in chronic diseases that 
rise into an acute state it is frequently the case. It is only then, — as 
a practiced observer may recognize — when the peculiar symptoms of 
the disease to be treated, after fourtee^i , ten, seven, and even fewer days, 
visibly cease to dimiiiish, so that the improvement 7nanifestly has come 

•^ Still there has been of late much abuse of this immediate repetition of 
doses of the same medicine, because young Homoeopaths thought it more con- 
venient to repeat, without examination, a medicine which in the beginning had 
been found to be homoeopathically suitable, and which had therefore in the 
beginning proved serviceable, and even to repeat it frequently without exami- 
nation, so as to heal more quickly. ^ 

We may declare at once, that the practice of late, which has even been 
recommended in public journals of giving the patient several doses of the same 
medicine to take with him, so that he may take them himself at certain in- 
tervals, without considering whether this repetition may affect him injuriously, 
seems to show a negligent empiricism, and to be unworthy of a homoeopathic 
physician, who should not allow a new dose of a medicine to be taken or given 
withoiit convincing himself in every case beforehand as to its usefulness. 


to a stop, icithout any disturbance of the mind and without the appear- 
ance of any new troublesome symptoms, so that the fonner medicine 
would still be perfectly homa^opathically suitable, only then, I say, is it 
useful, and probably necessar3^ to give a dose of the same medicine 
of a similarly small amount, but most safel}'- in a different degree of 
dynamic potency.'^ When the remedy is thus modified, the vital 
force of the patient will allow itself more easily to be further affected 
by the same medicine, so as to eifect by it everything that ma}^ be 
expected of this medicine and in this ailment, j 

To adduce an example: a freshly arisen eruption of itch belongs 
to those diseases which might soonest permit the repetition of the 
dose (sulphur), and which does permit it the more frequently, the 
sooner after the infection the itch is received for treatment, as it then 
approaches the nature of an acute disorder, and demands its remedies 
in more frequent doses than when it has been standing on the skin 
for some time. But this repetition should be permitted only when 
the preceding dose has largelj^ exhausted its action (after six, eight 
or ten days), and the dose should be just as small as the preceding 
one, and be given in a different potency. Nevertheless it is in such 
a case often serviceable, in answer to a slight change of symptoms, to 
interpose between the doses of pure sulphur, a small dose of Hepar 
sulphuris calcareu7n. This also should be given in various potenc- 
ies, if several doses should be needed from time to time. Often also, 
according to circumstances, a dose of Nux vomica (x) or one of 
mercury (x)J may be used between. 

If I except sulphur, Hepar sulphuris and in some cases Sepia, 
the other antipsoric remedies can seldom be usefully given in imme- 

■^'If it, e. g., has first been given in the 30th potency, it will now be given 
in perhaps the i8th, and if a repetition should be again found serviceable and 
necessary, it might afterwards be given in the 24th, and later perhaps also in 
the 12th and 6th, etc., if, e. g., the chronic disease should have taken on itself 
an acute character. A dose of medicine may also have been suddenly counter- 
acted and annihilated by a grave error in the regimen of the patient, 
when perhaps a dose of the former serviceable medicine might again be giN'en 
with the modification mentioned above. 

t In cases where the physician is certain as to the homoeopathic specific to 
be used, the first attenuated dose may also be dissolved in about four ounces of 
water by stirring it, and one-third ma}^ be drunk at once, and the second and 
third portions on the following days; but it should each time be again stirreil 
so as to increase the potency and thus to change it. Thereby the remedy seems 
to take a deeper hold on the organism and hasten the restoration in patients 
who are vigorous and not too sensitive. 

X That the itch-patient during such a treatment nuist avoid every external 
application, however harmless it may appear, c. g., the washing with black 
soap, is not necessary to emphasize. 


diately repeated doses. Indeed it is hardly ever needed in chronic 
diseases, as we have a goodly suppl}^ of antipsoric remedies at our 
disposal, so that as soon as one well selected remedy has completed 
its action, and a change of symptoms, i. e., a change in the total 
image of the disease, appears, another antipsoric remedy homoeopath- 
icall}^ appropriate to the altered case may be chosen to greater advant- 
age and w^ith a more sure prospect of hastening the cure, than if we 
take the risk of prescribing the former medicine which now is no 
longer altogether adequate. Nevertheless in very tedious and com- 
plex cases, which are mostl}^ such as have been mismanaged by 
allopathic treatment, it is nearly always necessary to give again 
from time to time during the treatment, a dose of Sulphur or of 
Hepar (according to the symptoms), even to the patients who have 
been before dosed with large allopathic doses of Sulphur and with 
sulphur-baths; but then only after a previous dose of Mercury (x). 

Where, as is usually the case in chronic diseases, various anti- 
psoric remedies are necessary, the more frequent sudden change of 
them is a sign that the physician has selected neither the one nor 
the other in an appropriately homoeopathic manner, and had not 
properly investigated the leading symptoms of the case before pre- 
scribing a new remedy. This is a frequent fault into which the 
homoeopathic physician falls in urgent cases of chronic diseases, but 
oftener still in acute diseases from overhaste, especially when the 
patient is a person very dear to his heart. I cannot too urgently 
warn against this fault. 

Then the patient naturally falls into such an irritated state that, 
as we say, no medicine acts, or shows its effect,* yea, so that the 
power of response in the patient is in danger of flaring up and expir- 
ing at the least further dose of medicine. In such a case no further 
benefit can be had through medicine, but there may be in use a calm- 
ing mesmeric stroke made from the crown of the head (on which both 
the extended hands should rest for about a minute) slowly down 
over the body, passing over the throat, shoulders, arms, hands, 
knees and legs down over the feet and toes. This may be repeated 
if necessary. 

A dose of homoeopathic medicine may also be moderated and 
softened by allowing the patient to smell t a small pellet moistened 

^ That a homoeopatliically potentized dose of medicine should ever fail of 
having an effect in a treatment conducted zuith care, I think impossible; I have 
never experienced it. 

tBven persons born without the sense of smell or who have lost it through 
disease, may expect equally efi&cient help from drawing in the imperceptible 
vapor (proceeding from the medicine and contained in the vial) through one 


with the selected remed}' in a high potency, and placed in a vial 
the mouth of which is held to the nostril of the patient, who draws 
in only a momentary little whiff of it. By such an inhalation the 
powers of any potentized medicine may be communicated to the 
patient in any degree of strength. One or more such medicated 
pellets, and even those of a larger size may be in the smelling-bottle, 
and by allowing the patient to take longer or stronger whiffs, the 
dose ma}^ be increased a hundred fold as compared with the smallest 
first mentioned. The period of action of the power of a potentized 
medicine taken in b}' such inhalation and spread over so large a 
surface (as that of the nostrils and of the lungs) lasts as long as 
that of a small massive dose taken through the mouth and the fauces. 

Such medicated pellets kept in a stoppered vial retain their 
medicinal power quite undiminished, even if the vial be opened a 
number of times in many years for the purpose of inhalation; /. e. , if 
the vial be preserved from sunshine and heat. This method of al- 
lowing the patient to be acted upon by smelling the potentized medi- 
cine has great advantages in the manifold mishaps which often 
obstruct and interrupt the treatment of chronic diseases. The anti- 
dote to remove these mishaps as quickly as possible the patient may 
also best receive in greater or less strength through inhalation, 
which acts most quickly on the nerves and so also affords the most 
prompt assistance, by which also the continuation of the treatment 
of the chronic disease is least delayed. When the mishap has thus 
been obviated most speedily, the antipsoric medicine before taken fre- 
quently continues its interrupted action for some time. But the 
dose of the inhaled medicine must be so apportioned to the morbid 
interruption that its effect just suffices to extinguish the disad- 
vantage arising from the mishap, without going an}^ deeper or being 
able to continue its operation any further. 

If a homoeopathic physician, scrupulous at the wrong occasion, 
should ask me how he might fill up the many days after giving a 
dose, so that it may continue its action undisturbed during the 
above-mentioned long time, and so satisf}^ without injuring, the 
patient who every day* asks for his medicine, I reply with two 

nostril or the other, as those do who are gifted with the sense of smell. From 
this it follows that the nerves possessing merely the sense of touch receive the 
salutary impression and communicate it unfailingly to the whole nervous 

*No old established custom among the people, be it ever so hurlUil. can 
be suddenly changed. So also the homoeopathic physician cannot avoid 
allowing a new chronic patient to take at least one little powder a day; the 
difference between this and the many medicinal doses of allopaths is still very 


130 hahnivmann'vS chronic diskasks. 

words, that he should be given every day at the usual time for 
medicine a dose of sugar of milk, about three grains, which shall be 
marked as usual with continuous numbers.* I remark here, that I 
consider the sugar of milk thus used as an invaluable gift of God.t 
We cannot flatter ourselves that the antipsoric medicine given 
was rightly selected, or that it will forward the cure of a chronic dis- 
ease, if it quickl}^ and entirely destro3^s as if by a stroke of magic 
the most troublesome symptoms, old, great, continuous pains, tonic 

great. During this daily taking of a powder, following the numbers, it will be a 
great benefit to the poor patient who is often intimidated by slanderers of the 
better medical art, if he does not know whether there is a dose of medicine in 
every powder, nor again, in which one of them ? If he knew the latter, and 
should know, that to-day's number contains the medicine of which he expects 
so much, his fancy would often play him an evil trick, and he would imagine 
that he feels sensations and changes in his body, which do not exist; he would 
note imaginar}^ symptoms and live in a continual inquietude of mind; but if he 
daily takes a dose, and daily notices no evil assault on his health, he becomes 
more equable in disposition (being taught by experience), expects no 
ill effects, and will then quietly note the changes in his state which are actu- 
ally present, and therefore can only report the truth to his physician. On 
this account it is best that he should dailj^ take his powder, without know- 
ing whether there is medicine in all or in a certain powder; thus he will 
not expect more from to-day's powder than from yesterday's or that of the day 

" Chronic patients who firmly trust in the honesty and skill of their phy- 
sician will be satisfied, without any after thoughts, to receive such a dose of 
sugar of milk every two, four or seven days, according to the disposition of 
each, and nevertheless retain a firm confidence, as, indeed, is only just and 

t There were some anxious purists, who were afraid that even the pure 
sugar of milk, either in itself or changed by long trituration, might have medici- 
nal effects. But this is a vain, utterly unfounded fear, as I have determined by 
very exact experiments. We may use the crude, pure sugar of milk as a food, 
and partake of considerable quantities of it, without any change in the health, 
and so also the triturated sugar. But to destroy at the same time the fear to 
which utterance has been given by some hypochondriacs, that through a long 
trituration of the sugar of milk alone, or in the potentizing of medicines, some- 
thing might nib off from the porcelain mortar (silica), which being potentized 
by this same trituration would be bound to become strongly acting Silicea( ^ ), 
I took a new porcelain triturating bowl in which the glazing had been rubbed 
off, with a new porcelain pestle, and had one hundred grains of pure sugar of 
milk, divided into portions of thirty-three grains, triturated eighteen times for 
six minutes at a time and as frequently scraped for four minutes with a porce- 
lain spatula, in order to develop by this three hours' strong trituration a 
medicinal power either of the sugar of milk or of the silica or of both; but my 
preparation remained as indifferent and unmedicinal as the crude, merely nutri- 
tive sugar of milk, of which I convinced myself by experiments on very sensi- 
tive persons. 


or clonic spasms, etc., so that the patient almost immediately after 
taking the medicine, fancies himself as much freed from sufferings 
as if he were already restored, and as if in heav^en. This deceptive 
effect shows that the medicine here acts enantiopathically as an op- 
posite or palliative, and that in the days following we cannot expect 
anything from this remedy but an aggravation of the original dis- 
ease. As soon then as this deceptive improvement within a few 
days begins again to turn to aggravation, it is high time to give 
either the antidote to this medicine, or, when this cannot be had, a 
medicine which is homoeopathically more appropriate. Very rarely 
will such an enantiopathic remedy do any good in the future. If 
the medicine which is thus antipathic at once in the beginning, i. e.y 
which seemed so to alleviate, is inclined to reciprocal action, it is 
possible that when the aggravation from this dose takes place, a 
second dose of the same remedy may produce the contrary, and thus 
bring about a lasting improvement, as I have at least perceived in 

In such cases we may also successfully use, for the ailments follow- 
ing after a few days from such an antipathic remedy, one of the 
remaining medicines from the considerable store laid down in Materia 
Medica Piira, in the ''Archiv der homoeopathiscJiefi Heilkujisf or in 
the ''Annalen. " This may be done for a few days until the Psora- 
disease returns to its customary routine course, when a homoeopathic- 
ally selected antipsoric medicine is to be given to continue the cure. 

Among the mishaps which disturb the treatment only in a tem- 
porary way, I enumerate: overloading the stomach (this may be 
remedied by hunger, i. e. , by only taking a little thin soup instead 
of the meal and a little coffee); disorder of the stomach from fat 
meat, especially from eating pork (to be cured by fasting 2,nA Pulsa- 
tilla) ; a disorder of the stomach which causes rising from the stomach 
after eating and especially nausea and inclination to vomit (b}^ highly 
potentized antimoniimi crudtwi); taking cold in the stomach b}' 
eating fruit (by smelling of arsenicuni)\ troubles from spirituous 
liquors {iiux vomica); disorder of the stomach with gastric fever, 
chilliness and cold {bryoiiia alba)\ fright (when the medicine can be 
given at once, and especially when the fright causes timidit>-, bv 
poppy-juice {opium) ; but if aid can onl}^ be rendered later, or when 
vexation is joined with the fright, b}" aconite ; but if sadness is caused 
by the fright, ignatia seeds); vexation which causes anger, violence, 
heat, irritation, by chamomilla, (but if beside the vexation there is 
chilliness and coldness of the body, by biyouia'); vexation with in- 
dignation, deep internal mortification (attended with throwing away 
what was held in the hand, b}^ stapliisagyia)\ indignation with silent 



internal mortification (hy colocy7ithis)\ unsuccessful love with quiet 
grief (b}' ignatia)\ unhappy love with jealousy (by hyoscy amies); a 
severe cold (next to keeping the house or the bed) by Jiiix vomica; 
when diarrhoea resulted, by dulcamara ; or if followed by pains, coffea 
criida ; or if followed by fever and heat, by aconite; a cold which is 
followed by suffocative fits, (by ipecacua7iha)\ colds followed by pains 
and an inchnation to weep, Q^y coffea criida); cold with consequent 
coryza and loss of the sense of smell and of taste, (hy Pulsatilla) ; over- 
lifting or strains (sometimes by arnica, but most certainly by rhus 
toxicodendron) ; contusions and wounds inflicted b^' blunt instruments, 
(by ar?iica)\ burning of the skin (by compresses of water mixed 
with a dilution of highly potentized arsenicum, or uninterruped ap- 
plication for hours of alcohol heated by means of very hot water) ; 
weakness from loss of fluids and blood, (b}- china) : homesickness 
with redness of the cheeks, (b}' capsicum). 

But during the treatment of chronic diseases by antipsoric remedies 
we often need the other non-antipsoric store of medicines in cases 
where epidemic diseases or intermediate diseases {inorbi intercur- 
7'entes) arising usualh' from meteoric and telluric causes attack our 
chronic patients, and so not only temporarily disturb the treatment, 
but even interrupt it for a longer time. Here the other homoeo- 
pathic remedies will have to be used, wherefore I shall not enter 
upon this here, except to sa}' that the antipsoric treatment will have 
for the time to be totalh^ discontinued, so long as the treatment of 
the epidemic disease which has also seized our (chronic) patient may 
last, even if a few weeks in the worst cases ma}* thus be lost. But 
here also, if the disease is not too severe, the above mentioned method 
of applying the medicine by smelling a moistened pellet is often suf- 
ficient to help, and the cure of the acute disease ma^' thus be ex- 
traordinarih* shortened. 

The intelligent homoeopathic ph3*sician will soon note the point of 
time when his remedies have completed the cure of the epidemic in- 
termediate disease "^ and when the peculiar course of the chronic 
(psoric) malad}' is continued. 

* Usually these epidemic intermediate diseases appear in the form of a fever 
( if they are not the permanent miasms, small-pox, measles, dysentery-, whoop- 
ing cough, etc.). There are fevers of various kinds, a continuous acute fever, 
or a slow remittent, or an intermittent fever. Intermittent fevers appear almost 
ever}- year in a somewhat changed form. Since I have learned to cure chronic 
diseases and maladies by a homoeopathic extirpation of their psoric source, I 
have found the epidemicalh- current intermittent fevers almost every year differ- 
ent in their character and in their symptoms, and they therefore require almost 
every year a different medicine for their specific cure. One vear they re- 
quire arsenicum, another belladonna, another antimonium crudum, or spigelia, 
aconite, with ipecacuanha, alternating with nux vomica, sal ammoniacum. 


The symptoms of the original chronic disease will, however, 
always be found somewhat varied after the cure of such a prevailing- 
intermediate disease. Also another part of the body will be found 
suffering, so that the homoeopathic physician will choose his anti- 
psoric remedy according to the totality of the remaining symptoms, 
and not simply give the one he intended to give before the interme- 
diate disease appeared. 

When the physician is called to treat such a prevalent disease in 
a patient whom he had not before attended as a chronic patient 
he will not unfrequently find, especially if the fevei was con- 
siderable, that after overcoming it by the remedies which had been 
homoeopathically specific with other patients of this kind, the full 
restoration to health does not follow even with good diet and 
mode of living: but incidents of another kind will show themselves 
(usually called after-pains or secondary diseases) and these will 
gradually be aggravated and threaten to become chronic. Here the 
homoeopathic physician will nearly always have to meet a psora 
which is developing into a chronic disease, and this will have to be 
cured according to the principles here laid down. 

Here is a fitting opportunity to note that the great epidemic 
diseases: smallpox, measles, purple rash, scarlet fever, whooping 
cough, fall dysentery and typhoid, when they complete their course 

natrum muriaticum, opium, cina, alone or in alternation with capsicum, or cap- 
sicum alone, menyanthes trifoliata, calcarea carbonica, pulsatilla, one of the 
two carbos, arnica, alone or in alternation with ipecacuanha, and with these 
they were cured in a few days. I would not, indeed, except any one of the non- 
antipsoric medicines, if they are only homoeopathic to the whole complex of 
the symptoms of the prevailing fever, in its attack as well as in its apyrexia [ see 
TJon Bcenninghaiisen, Versuch e. hom. Therapie d. Wechselfiebers, 1833, Muens- 
ter), but I would almost always except cinchona; for this can only suppress its 
type in many large doses in a concentrated form (as quinine), and then it 
changes it into a cachexy of quinine, which it is difficult to cure. {China is 
only appropriate to the endemic intermittent fever in marshy regions, and even 
this can only be rightly cured by it in connection with antipsoric remedies.) 
Even at the beginning of the treatment of an epidemic intermittent fever, the 
homoeopathic physician is most safe in giving ever}- time an attenuated dose of 
sulphur or in appropriate cases, liepar sulpliuris in a fine little pellet or by 
means of smelling, and in waiting its effects for a few days, until the improve- 
ment resulting from it ceases, and then only he will give, in one or two attenu- 
ated doses, the non-antipsoric medicine w^hich has been found homoeopathically 
appropriate to the epidemy of this year. These doses should however only be 
given at the end of an attack. With all patients in intermittent fever, fsora is 
essentially involved in every epidemy, therefore an attenuated dose of sulphur 
or of hepar sulphuris is necessary at the beginning of every treatment of epi- 
demic intermittent fever, and makes the restoration of the ]->alienl more sure 
and easy. 


especial!}^ without a judicious homoeopathic treatment, leave the 
organism so shaken and irritated, that with many who seem restored, 
the psora which was before slumbering and latent now awakes 
■quickl}^, either into itch-like eruptions ^ or into other chronic dis- 
orders, which then reach a high degree in a short time, if they are 
not treated properly in an antipsoric manner. This is due to the 
great exhaustion of the organism which still prevails. The allo- 
pathic phj'sician, when such a patient, as is frequently' the case, 
dies after all his unsuitable treatment, declares that he has died from 
the sequelcB of whooping cough, measles, etc. 

These sequelcE are, however, the innumerable chronic diseases in 
numberless forms of developed psora which have hitherto been 
unknown as to their origin and consequently remained uncured. 

Epidemic and sporadic fevers, therefore, as well as the miasmatic 
acute diseases, if they do not soon terminate and pass directly 
over into good health, (even when the epidemic and acute mias- 
matic part has found a homoeopathic specific which has been rightly 
used against them), often need an antipsoric assistance, which I have 
usually found in sulphur, if the patient had not used shortl}' before 
a medicine containing sulphur, in which case another antipsoric 
suitable to this particular case will have to be used. 

Endemic diseases, with their striking pertinacity, depend almost 
wholly on a psoric complication, or on psora modified b}' the peculi- 
arity of the nature of the locality (and the especial mode of life of 
the inhabitants), so that, e. g., in intermittent fever originating in a 
marshy region, the patients, even after removal into a dry region, 
often remain uncured despite of all their use of china, unless the 
antipsoric treatment is especially used. The exhalation from 
swamps seems to be one of the strongest physical causes of the devel- 
opment of the psora latent within with so man}' persons t and this 

^ When such an eruption appears in any quantity, it is called by writers 
scabies spontanea (spontaneous itch) — a mere chimera and nonentit}-, for as far 
as histon,' goes, no itch has arisen except from infection, and it cannot now 
arise again of itself without infection with the miasma of itch. But this phe- 
nomenon after acute fever is nothing else than the secondary eruption so often 
mentioned above springing from the slumbering and latent psora remaining 
within after the repression (or more rarely the gradual disappearance) from the 
skin of the original eruption of itch. This eruption frequently leaves the skin 
of itself and it has never been proved that it infected any other person wdth the 

t Presumably these exhalations possess a quality which as it \n ere paralyzes 
the vital force of the organism (which in an ordinary state of health is able to 
keep down the internal psora which always endeavors to manifest itself) and 
thus predisposes to putrid and ner^'ous fevers. 


most of all in hot countries. Without an almost regular use of the 
best antipsoric method of cure, we shall never succeed in removing 
the murderous qualities of humid climates and changing them into 
passabl}^ healthy, habitable regions. Man may accustom himself to 
the extreme degrees of atmospheric heat, as well as to the most vio- 
lent cold, and can live joyous and health}^ in both extremes, Why 
should he not be able to accustom himself to marshy regions just as 
well as to the driest mountain regions, if there were not a hitherto 
undiscovered and unconquered enemy of vigorous life and lasting 
bealth, lying in ambush in marshy regions, i. e. , psora ? Wherever, 
psora lies latent within (and how frequently is this the case ?) it is 
developed into chronic diseases of ever}^ kind, especially those in 
which the liver is most affected, through stagnant water and the 
gases that emanate from damp soil and from swamps; and this is 
effected more surely, yea, u7iavoidably hy these causes than by any 
other physical power injurious to health. 

The latest symptoms that have been added to a chronic disease 
which has been left to itself (and thus has not been aggravated by 
medical mismanagement) are always the first to yield in an anti- 
psoric treatment; but the oldest ailments and those w^hich have been 
most constant and unchanged, among which are the constant local 
ailments, are the last to give way; and this is only effected, when all 
the remaining disorders have disappeared and the health has been in 
all other respects almost totall}^ restored. In the general maladies 
which come in repeated attacks, e. g. the periodic kinds of hysteria, 
and different kinds of epilepsy, etc., the attacks ma}^ quickly be 
made to cease by a suitable antipsoric; but to make this cessation 
reliable and lasting, the whole indwelling psora must be completely 

The frequent request of a patient to have one symptom, which 
above others is troublesome to him, removed first of all, is impracti- 
cable, but the ignorant patient should be excused for his request. 

In the daily wTitten report during the use of an antipsoric medi- 
cine, the patient who lives at a distance should underscore once, for 
the information of the physician, those incident symptoms during 
the day, which after a considerable time or a long time he has now 
felt again for the first time; but those which he never had before and 
which he first felt on that da}^, he should underscore tivice. The 
former symptoms indicate that the antipsoric has taken hold o{ the 
root of the evil, and will do nuicli for its thorough cure. InU tlie 
latter, if the}- appear more frequently and more strongly, give the 


phj'sician a hint that the antipsoric was not selected quite homoeo- 
pathicalh', and should be interrupted in time and replaced b}' a 
more appropriate one. 

When the treatment is about half completed, the diminished dis~ 
ease commences to return into the state of a latent psora; the symp- 
toms grow weaker and weaker, and at last the attentive physician 
will only find traces of it; but he must follow these to their complete 
disappearance, for the smallest remnant retains a germ for a renewal 
of the old ailment.^ If the ph3^sician should here give up the treat- 
ment and suppose what the common man (and also the higher class 
of the non-medical public) is apt to sa}^ : "It will now likely get right 
of itself," a great mistake would be made; for in time there w^ould 
develop, (especially when any important untow^ard events take place), 
out of this little remnant of this only diminished psora, a new chronic 
disease which gradually would increase unavoidabl3^ according to 
the nature of diseases springing from unextinguished chronic miasms 
as shown above. 

The cito, tuto et jucimde (quickly, safeh^ and pleasantly) of 
Celsus, the patient may reasonably ask from his physician, and from 
the homoeopath he can rightly expect this in acute diseases springing 
from occasional causes, as well as in the well-defined intermediate 
diseases prevalent at times (the so-called intercurrent diseases) . 

But with especial regard to the "Cito" (quickh^, z. e., the 
hastening of the cure, the nature of the case forbids it, at least in 
inveterate chronic ailments, f 

The cure of great chronic diseases of ten, twenty, thirty and more 
years' standing {if they have not been mismanaged by an excess of 
allopathic trcatmeiits, or indeed, as is often the case, mismanaged into 
incur ablejiess) may be said to be quickly annihilated if this is done 
in one or two 3^ears. If ^^ath younger, robust persons this takes 
place in one-half the time, then on the other hand in advanced age, 
even with the best treatment on the part of the physician and the 
most punctual observance of rules on the part of the patient and his 
attendants, considerable time must be added to the usual period of 
the cure. It will also be found intelHgible that such a long-continued 

* So from the water-polypus which has several of its branches lopped off, 
in time new branches will shoot forth. 

tOnly an ordinary ignorant practitioner can lightly promise to cure a 
severe inveterate disease in four to six weeks. He need not, indeed, keep hi& 
promise! What does he risk, if as a matter of course, his treatment only ag- 
gravates the disease? Can he lose anything? Any honor? No; for his coU 
leagues, who are like him, do no better. Can he lose in self-respect? Should 
he vet have anv to lose ? 


(^psoric) chronic disease, the original miasm of which has had so much 
time and opportunity in a long life to insert its parasitical roots as it 
were, into all the joints of the tender edifice of life, is at last so inti- 
matel}^ interwoven with the organism that even with the most appro- 
priate medical treatment, careful mode of life and observance of rules 
on the part of the patient, great patience and sufficient time will be" 
required to destroy this many armed polypus in all its parts, while 
sparing the independence of the organism and its powers. 

The strength of a patient under an antipsoric treatment, even if 
it should be continued ever so long, ought continually to increase 
from the very commencement of the correct treatment even to the 
restoration of health and of the normal state. The strength increases 
during the whole of the cure without the use of the so-called tonics, 
and the patients joyously rise up again of themselves in proportion 
as their life is delivered from its corroding enemy.* 

The best time for taking a dose of antipsoric medicine seems to 
be, not an hour before going to bed but, rather, early in the morning 
while fasting. The medicine in the numbered paper f (as also all 
that succeed) if it is desired that it should act but feebly, should be 
taken dry and allowed to dissolve on the tongue, or be moistened 
with two or three drops of water on a spoon, and by itself, without in 
either case drinking anything after it or eating anything within half 
an hour or a whole hour. J 

After taking the medicine the patient should keep perfectly quiet 
at least a full hour, but without going to sleep (sleep delays the be- 

"^ It is inconceivable how allopathic physicians could think of curing chronic 
diseases through a continuance of exhausting and debilitating treatments, with- 
out being restrained by their lack of success from repeating continually their 
perverse treatment. The aniara which they ^ive between, together with the 
quinine, without being able to supply the strength lost, only add new evils. 

t Numbering the powders continuously has the convenience that the phy- 
sician when the patients render their daily report (especially those living at a 
distance) putting first the date and the number of the powder taken that day, 
can recognize the day when the patient took his medicine, and can judge of the 
progress of its action according to the report of the following day. 

X If the medicine is to act more strongly it must be stirred in a little more 
water until dissolved before taking it, and in still more water if it is to act still 
more strongly, and the physician should order the solution taken a portion at 
a time. If he orders the solution taken in one or three days it must be stirred 
up not only the first time, but also the other two times, by which every part 
thus stirred acquires another somewhat higher degree of potency, and so is 
received more willin<^ly by the vital force. To direct the use of the same solu- 
tion for a greater number of days is not advisable, as the water, kept longer, 
would begin to putrefy. How a dose for smellinj;- may be adapted to all de- 
grees of strength, I have mentioned above. 


ginning of the action of the medicine). He must avoid during this 
hour, as indeed throughout the treatment, all disagreeable excite- 
ment, nor should he strain his mind immediately after taking the 
dose, in any way, either by reading or computing, by writing, or by 
conversations requiring meditation. 

The dose of antipsoric medicine must not be taken by females 
shortly before their menses are expected, nor during their flow; but 
the dose can be given, if necessary, four days, /. e., about ninety-six 
hours after the menses have set in. But in case the menses previously 
have been premature or too profuse, or two long-lasting, it is often 
necessary to give on this fourth day a small dose of 7iux vomica (one 
very small pellet, moistened with a high dynamization) to be smelled, 
and then, on the fourth or sixth day following, the antipsoric. But 
if the female is very sensitive and nervous, she ought, until she comes 
near her full restoration, to smell such a pellet once about every time 
seventy-two hours after the beginning of her menses, notwithstand- 
ing her continued antipsoric treatment. ^^ 

Pregnancy in all its stages offers so little obstruction to the anti- 
psoric treatment, that this treatment is often most necessary and use- 
ful in that condition.! Most necessary, because the chronic ailments 
then are more developed. In this state of woman, which is quite a 
natural one, the symptoms of the internal psora are often manifested 
most plainly % on account of the increased sensitiveness of the female 

* In such a morbid state of the menses nothing can be done in the cure of 
chronic diseases without the intermediate use of Nux vomica, which here specific- 
ally reduces to order the disharmony arising in the functions of the nerves 
from so disorderly a flow of the menses, and so quiets this excessive sensitive- 
ness and irritability, which put an insurmountable obstacle in the way of the 
curative action of the antipsoric remedies. 

fin what more certain way could, e. g., the return of miscarriage, which is 
almost exclusively due to psora, be prevented, and, indeed, be lastingly pre- 
vented, than through a judicious antipsoric treatment before or at least during 
pregnancy? In what more reliable way could the states of the womb, which 
are not infrequently dangerous, and sometimss fatal even in a proper presenta- 
tion of the foetus and in a natural labor, be removed in advance than by a 
timely antipsoric treatment during pregnancy ? Even the improper presenta- 
tion of the child has, if not always, still very often its only cause in the psoric 
sickliness of the mother, and the hydrocephalus and other bodily defects of the 
child have surely this cause! Only the antipsoric treatment of the sickly wife 
if not before, at least during pregnancy, can remove in advance the mother's 
inability for suckling, as also in suckling prevent the frequent sore breasts, the 
soreness of the nipples, the frequent inclination to erysipelatous inflammations 
of the breasts and their abscesses, as well the hemorrhages of the uterus during 

X Nevertheless, the entire opposite frequently takes place, so that the wife 
who before pregnancy was always sickly, and uninterruptedly complaining, 

hahnkmann's chronic DisKAs:es. 139 

body and spirit while in this state; the antipsoric medicine therefore 
acts more definitely and perceptibly during pregnancy, which gives 
the hint to the physician to make the doses in these cases as small 
and in as highly- potentized attenuations as possible, and to make his 
selections in the most homoeopathic manner. 

Sucklings never receive medicine; the mother or wet-nurse 
receives the remed}^ instead, and through their milk it acts on the 
child very quickly, mildl}^ and beneficialh^ 

The corporeal nature (called the life-preserving principle or vital 
force) when left to itself, since it is without reason, cannot provide 
anj^thing better than palliatives in chronic diseases and in the acute 
diseases springing thence which cause sudden danger to life, owing 
to the indwelling psora. These are the causes of the more frequent 
secretions and excretions of various kinds taking place of themselves 
now and then in chronic (psoric) diseases, as e. g. , diarrhoeas, vom- 
iting, perspiration, suppurations, hemorrhages, etc. All these are 
attended with only temporary alleviations of the chronic original 
malady, which owing to the losses of humors and of strength thereby 
only becomes more and more aggravated. 

Allopathy has, so far, not been able to do any more than this 
toward a genuine cure of the chronic diseases; it could only imitate 
the unreason in corporeal nature in its palliatives (usually without 
an equal alleviation and with a greater sacrifice of strength). It 
caused therefore, more than the other, a hastening of the general 
ruin, without being able to contribute anything to the extinction of 
the original malady. To this class belong all the many, indescrib- 
able purgatives, the so-called dissolvents, the venesection, cupping, 
the applying of leeches now so insanely frequent, the sudorifics, the 
artificial sores, setons, fontanels, exutories, etc. 

God be praised, the homoeopathic physician who is acquainted 
with the means of a radical cure, and who thus through the anti- 
psoric treatment can destroy the chronic disease itself, has so little 
need of the above mentioned applications, which onl}- hasten dissolu- 
tion, that he has on the contrary to use all care that the patient 
may not secretly UvSe some of these appliances, following the old 
routine, diffused over the whole earth by allopathy. He can never 
yield to the request of the patient, e. g., that he has become ac- 
customed to being bled so and so many times a year, or to be cupped, 

feels in unusual good health during every pregnancy and only durini,v this state. 
And with such cases this time of pregnancy may very well be made use of for 
antipsoric treatment, which in such a case is directed against the symptoms o{ 
the morbid state before pregnancy, so far as this can be remembered. 


or to use purgatives or warm baths, and that he therefore needs 
them. Such things cannot be permitted. 

The homoeopathic physician who is a master of his art, and God be 
praised! there is now a not inconsiderable number of such masters in 
homoeopath}', never allows a drop of blood to be drawn from his. 
patient; he never needs any such or similar means of weakening the 
body, for such a course evermore remains the negation of curing. 
Only journeymen, half homoeopaths still, I am sorr}^ to say, use 
such a co7itradlctio in adjedo {weakening while desiring to cure).^ 

Only in the one case, where, as in many chronic diseases, the 
delay in passing evacuations causes great trouble, he will permit {in 
the beginning of the treatment before the antipsoric medicine has had 
the time [in its after-effects] to produce improvement in this point) 
if the stool is not passed for three or four days, a cl3^ster of clean,, 
lukewarm water without the least admixture, also perhaps a second,, 
if an evacuation does not resHilt within a quarter of an hour. Rarely 
a third injection will be needed, after waiting a third quarter of art 
hour. This help which acts chiefly mechanically by expanding the 
rectum, is harmless when repeated after three or four days if it is 
necessary, and, as before mentioned, only at the beginning of the 
treatment — for the antipsoric medicines, among which in this respect 
lycopodium next to sulphur has the pre-eminence, usuall}^ soon 
remove this difficulty. 

The inexcusable wasting fontanels the homoeopathic physician 
must not at once suppress, if the patient has had them for some time 
(often for many years), nor before the antipsoric treatment has 
already made perceptible progress, but if they can be diminished 
without totally stopping them, this may safely be done even in the 
beginning of the treatment. 

So also the physician should not at once discontinue the woolen 
underclothing, which is said to prevent the taking of cold and the 
recommendation of which is carried very far by the ordinary phy^ 
sicians in default of any real assistance. Though they are a burden 
to the patient, we should wait until there is a visible improvement 

^'"This may well be pardoned with journej-men and beginners; but when 
they assume to boast of this noviceship and declare in public journals and books 
that the incidental use of blood-letting and leeches is indispensable, yea, that 
it is more essentially homoeopathic, they become ridiculous and are to be pitied 
as tyros and as laboring under delusion; and their patients also are to be pitied. 
Is it laziness or a haughty preference for their old (although ruinous) allopathic 
routine, or is it lack of love for their fellowmen which prevents a deeper enter-^ 
ing into true, beneficent Homoeopathy and an elevation into the troublesome 
but correct and useful selection of the remedy homoeopathically specific in 
every case, and into that mastery of Homoeopathy now no more rare ? 


effected by the antipsorics which remove the tendency to taking 
cold, and until the warmer season comes. With patients who are 
very weakly, he should in the beginning change to cotton shirts 
w^hich rub and heat the skin less, before requiring patients to put 
linen underclothing on their skin. 

For man}^ easily perceived reasons, but especially in order that 
his delicate doses of medicine may not be interfered with in their 
action, the homoeopathic physician can not in his antipsoric treat- 
ment allow the intermediate use of any hitherto customary domestic 
remedy, no perfumery of any kind, no fragrant extracts, no smelling- 
salts, no Baldwin tea, or any other herb teas, no peppermint confec- 
tion, no spiced confections or anise-sugar or stomach drops, or 
liqueurs, no Iceland-moss, or spiced chocolate, no spice-drops, tooth- 
tinctures or tooth-powders of the ordinary kinds, nor an}^ of the 
other articles of luxur3\ 

So-called warm and hot baths for the sake of cleanliness, to which 
spoiled patients are usually very much attached, are not to be allowed, 
as they never fail to disturb the health; nor are they needed, as a 
quick washing of a part or of the whole of the body with lukewarm 
soap- water full}^ serves the purpose without doing any injury. 

At the end of these directions for treating chronic diseases, I 
recommended, in the first edition, the lightest electric sparks as an 
adjuvant for quickening parts that have been for a long time para- 
lyzed and without sensation, these to be used besides the antipsoric 
treatment. I am sorry for this advice, and take it back, as experience 
has taught me, that this prescription has nowhere been followed 
strictly, but that larger electric sparks have always been used to the 
detriment of patients; and yet these larger sparks have been asserted 
to be very small. I, therefore, now advise against this so easily 
abused remedy, especially, as we can easily remove this appearance 
•of enantiopathic assistance; for there is an efficient honuvopatliic local 
assistance for paralyzed parts or such as are without sensation. This 
is found in cold water* locally applied (at 54° Fahrenheit) from 
mountain-springs and deep wells; either by pouring on these parts 
for one, two or three minutes, or by douche-baths over the whole 
body of one to five minutes duration, more rarely or more fre- 
quently, even daily or oftener according to the circumstances, 
together with the appropriate, internal, antipvSoric treatment, suffi- 
cient exercise in the open air, and judicious diet. 

^ Water of this and a lower temperature has the primary power of depriv- 
ing the parts of the living body partly of sensation antl partly of molion, in 
such cases it therefore t^^ives local homreojiathic assistance. 


The medicines which have been found most suitable and excel- 
lent in chronic diseases so far, I shall present in the following part 
according to their pure action on the human body, as well those 
used in the treatment of the diseases of psoric origin, as those used 
in syphilis and in the figwart-disease. 

That we need far fewer remedies to combat the latter than the 
psora can not with any thinking man form an argument against the 
chronic miasmatic nature of the latter and still less against the fact 
that it is the common source of the other chronic diseases. 

The psora, a most ancient miasmatic disease, in propagating itself 
for many thousands of years through several millions of human 
organisms, of which each one had its own peculiar constitution and 
w^as exposed to very varied influences, was able to modify itself to 
such a degree as to cause that incredible variety of ailments which 
we see in the innumerable chronic patients, with whom the external 
symptom (which acts vicariously for the internal malady), /. e. the 
more or less extensive eruption of itch, has been driven away from 
the skin by a fatal art, or in whom it has disappeared of itself from 
the skin through some other violent incident. 

Hence it seems to have come to pass that this half-spiritual 
miasma, which like a parasite seeks to inroot its hostile life in the 
human organism and to continue its life there, could develop itself in 
so many ways in the many thousands of years, so that it has even 
caused to spring forth and has born modified offshoots with charac- 
teristic properties, which do not indeed deny their descent from 
their stock (the common psora) but, nevertheless, differ from one 
another considerably by some peculiarities. These changes are due 
in some part to the varying physical peculiarities and climatic differ- 
ences of the dwelling-places of men afflicted with the psora, ^ and 
in part are moulded by their varying modes of life, e. g. children in 

* K. g. the Sibbens or Rade-Syge commonly found in Norway and in tlie 
northwest of Scotland; the Pellagra in Lombard}^; the plica poloiiica (Koltun, 
Trichiasis) in Poland and Carinthia, the tumorous leprosy in Surinam; the 
raspberry-like excrescences (Frambosia) in Guinea called _)'<? a '\ and in America 
piaii ; the exhaustive fever in Hungary called Tsouior, the exhausting makul\- 
of Virginia {asthenia VirgineusiiiDi^, the human degeneration in the tleo]-* 
Alpine villages called cretin^ the goihr in the deep valleys iuul at their 
entrances, etc. 


the corrupt city air develop rhachitis, spiiia ventosa, softening of the 
bones, ciwvatures. cancer of the bones, tiyiea capitis, scrofula, ring- 
worm; adults exhibit nervous debility, nervous irritabilit}^, gout of 
the joints, etc. And so also the other great varieties in the mode of 
living and in the occupations of men with their inherited bodil}- con- 
stitutions give to the psoric diseases so many modifications, that it 
ma3^ easih' be understood, that more numerous and more varied 
remedies are needed for the extirpation of all these modifications of 
the psora (antipsoric remedies). 

I have often been asked b}" what signs a substance may before- 
hand be recognized as antipsoric ? But there can be no such external 
^nsible marks in them; nevertheless while proving several powerful 
substances as to their pure effects on the health}^ bod}-', several of 
them by the complaints the^^ caused showed me their extraordinary 
and manifest suitableness for homoeopathic aid in the symptoms of 
clearly defined psoric diseases. Some traces of their qualities lead- 
ing in this direction gave me in advance some hint as to their 
probable usefulness; e. g. the efficacy of the herb Lycopodium, much 
praised in Poland for the plica polonica pointed me to the use of the 
pollen of lycopodium in similar psoric ailments. The circumstance 
that some hemorrhages have been arrested b}^ large doses of salt was 
another hint. So was the usefulness of Guaiacum, Sarsaparilla and 
Mezereum, even in ancient times where venereal diseases could not 
be healed bj^ an}- amount of mercur}^ unless one or the other of these 
herbs had first removed the psora complicated with it. 

As a rule it was developed from their pure symptoms, that most 
of the earths, alkalies and acids, as well as the neutral salts com- 
posed of them, together with several of the metals cannot be dis- 
pensed with in curing the almost innumerable sjmiptoms of psora. 
The similarity in nature of the leading antipsoric, sulphur, to phos- 
phorus and other combustible substances from the vegetable and the 
mineral kingdoms led to the use of the latter, and some animal 
substances natural^ followed them b}^ analogy, in agreement with 

Still only those remedies have been acknowledged as antipsoric 
whose pure effects on the human health gave a clear indication of 
their homoeopathic use in diseases manifestly psoric, confessedly due 
to infection; so that, with an enlargement of our knowledge of their 
proper, pure medicinal effects, in time it may be found necessary to 
include some of our other medicines among the antipsoric remedies; 
although even now we can with certainty cure, with the anti- 
psorics now recognized, nearly all non- venereal (psoric) chronic 
diseases, if the patients have not been loaded down and spoiled 


through allopathic mismanagement with severe medicine-diseases, 
and when their vital force has not been depressed too low, or 
very unfavorable external circumstances make the cure impossible. 
Nevertheless, it need not be specially stated that iihe other proved, 
homoeopathic medicines, not excepting mercury, cannot be dis- 
pensed with in certain states of the psoric diseases. 

Homoeopathy, b}^ a certain treatment of the crude medicinal sub- 
stances, which had not been invented before its foundation and 
development, advances them into the state of progressive and high 
development of their indwelling forces, in order that it may then use 
them in curing in the most perfect manner. Some of these medi- 
cines in their crude state seem to have a very imperfect, insignificant 
medicinal action (^. g. common salt and the pollen of lycopodium). 
Others (^. g. gold, quartz, alumina) seem to have none at all, but all 
of them become highly curative by the preparation peculiar to 
Homoeopathy. Other substances, on the other hand, in their crude 
state are, even in the smallest quantities, so violent in their effects 
that if they touch the animal fibre, they act upon it in a corroding 
and destructive manner {e. g. arsenic and corrosive sublimate) and 
these medicines are rendered by the same preparation peculiar to 
Homoeopathy not only mild in their effects, but also incredibly devel- 
oped in their medicinal powers. 

The changes which take place in material substances, especially 
in medicinal ones, through long-continued trituration with a non- 
medicinal powder, or when dissolved, through a long-continued shak- 
ing with a non-medicinal fluid, are so incredible, that they approach 
the miraculous, and it is a cause of joy that the discovery of these 
wonderful changes belongs to Homoeopathy. 

Not only, as shown elsewhere, do these medicinal substances 
thereby develop their powers in a prodigious degree, but they also 
change their physico-chemical demeanor in such a wa}^, that if no 
one before could ever perceive in their crude form an^^ solubility in 
alcohol or water, after this peculiar transmutation they become 
wholly soluble in water as well as in alcohol — a discover}' in^^aluable 
to the healing art. 

The brown-black juice of the marine animal Sepia, which was 
formerly onl}^ used for drawing and painting, is in its crude state 
soluble only in water, not in alcohol; but by such a trituration it 
becomes soluble also in alcohol. 

The yellow Petroleum only allows something to be extracted 
from it through alcohol when it is adulterated with ethereal \-ege- 


table oil; but in its pure state while crude it is soluble neither in 
water nor in alcohol (nor in ether). By trituration it becomes solu- 
ble in both substances. 

So also the pollen of lycopodiiim floats on alcohol and on water, 
without either of them showing any action upon it — the crude lyco- 
podium is tasteless and inactive when it enters the human stomach; 
but when changed in a similar manner through trituration it is not 
only perfectly soluble in either fluid, but has also developed such 
extraordinary medicinal powers, that great care must be taken in its 
medicinal use. 

Who ever found marble or oyster-shells soluble in pure water or 
in alcohol ? But this mild lime becomes perfectly soluble in either, 
by means of this mode of preparation; the same is the case with 
baryta and magnesia and these substances then exhibit astonishing 
medicinal powers. 

Least of all will anyone ascribe solubility in water and alcohol to 
quartz, to rock-crystal (many crystals of which have contained 
enclosed in them drops of water for thousands of years un- 
changed), or to sand; nor would any one ascribe to them medicinal 
power, and yet by the dynamization (potentizing)* peculiar to Hom- 
oeopathy, by melting silica with an alkaline salt, and then precipitat- 
ing it from this glass, it not only becomes soluble without any 
residuum in water and in alcohol, but also then shows prodigious 
medicinal powers. 

What can I say of the pure metals and of their sulphurets, but 
that all of them, without any exception become by this treatment 
equally soluble in water and in alcohol, and every one of them 
develops the medicinal virtue pecuHar to it in the purest, simplest 
manner and in an incredibly high degree ? 

But the chemical medicinal substances thus prepared now also 
stand above the chemical laws. 

A dose of phosphorus, potentized highly in a similar manner, may 
lie in its paper envelope in the desk, and, nevertheless, when taken 
after a whole year's interval, it will still show its full medicinal 
power; not that of phosphoric acid, but that of the unchanged, un- 
combined phosphorus itself. So that no neutralization takes place in 
this its elevated, and as it were, glorified state. 

The medicinal effects of natrum carbonicum, of ammonium car- 

* In its crude condition and without this preparation quartz and pebbles do 
not seem to allow a development of their medicinal powers by trituration and 
therefore it is that the triturating of various medicines with the indifFerent sugar 
of milk in the porcelain triturating bowl seems to impart to them no admix- 
ture of silicea as some anxious purists have vainly feared. 


bonicum, of baryta, of lime, and of magnesia, in this highly potentized 
state, when a dose of one of them has been taken, is not neutraHzed 
like basic substances taken in a crude form by a drop of vinegar 
taken afterwards; their medicinal effect being neither changed nor de- 

Nitric acid when thus given in its highl^^ potentized state in 
which it is serviceable for homoeopathic medicinal use, is not changed 
by a little crude lime or crude soda given after it, as to its strong 
well defined medicinal action; therefore it is not neutralized. 

In this prepai'ation, peculiar to Homoeopathy, we take one grain 
in powder of any of the substances treated of in the six volumes of 
Materia Medica Pura,* and especially those of the antipsoric sub- 
stances t following below, i. e. , of silica, carbonate of baryta, carbon- 
ate of lime, carbonate of soda and sal ammoniac, carbonate of mag- 
nesia, vegetable charcoal, animal charcoal, graphites, sulphur, crude 
antimony, metallic antimony, gold, platina, iron, zinc, copper, silver, 
tin. The lumps of the metals which have not yet been beaten out into 
foil, are rubbed off on a fine, hard whetstone under water, some of 
them, as iron, under alcohol; of mercury in the liquid form one grain 
is taken, of petroleum one drop instead of a grain, etc. This is first 
put on about one-third of 100 grains of pulverized sugar of milk, and 

* Vegetable substances which can only be procured dry, e. g., cinchona 
bark, ipecacuanha, etc., are prepared by the same kind of trituration and will 
completely dissolve when potentized a million fold, not less, with their peculiar 
powers, in water and alcohol, and may then be preserved as medicines far more 
easily than the easily spoiled alcoholic tinctures. Of the juiceless vegetable 
substances, such as oleander, thuja, the bark of mezereum, etc. , we may, with- 
out making a mistake, take of each about one and a half grains of the fresh 
leaves, bark, root, etc., without any further preparation, and triturate the same 
three times with 100 grains of sugar of milk to the millionfold powder tritura- 
tion. A grain of this dissolved in alcohol and water may be developed in the 
diluting vials with alcohol to the necessary degree of potency of their powers 
by giving for each potency two succussive strokes. Also with the freslil}- ex- 
pressed juices of the herbs it is best to at once put one drop of the same with as 
much sugar of milk as is taken for the preparation of the other medicines, so as 
to triturate it to the millionfold powder attenuation, and then a grain of this 
attenuation is dissolved in equal parts of water and alcohol, and must be potent- 
ized to a further dynamization through the twenty-seven diluting vials by means 
of two succussive strokes. The fresh juices thus seem to acquire more of dynami- 
zation, as experience teaches me, than when the juice without any preparation 
by triturating is merely diluted in thirty vials of alcohol and potentized each 
time with two succussive strokes. 

t Even phosphorus which is so easily oxidized by exposure to the air is 
potentized in a similar manner, and thus rendered soluble in these two liquids, 
and is thus prepared as a homoeopathic medicine; but in this case some precau- 
tions are used, which will be found below. 


placed in an unglazed porcelain mortar, or in one from which the 
glaze has been first rubbed off with wet sand; the medicine and the 
sugar of milk are then mixed for a moment with a porcelain spatula, 
and the mixture is triturated with some force for six minutes, the 
triturated substance is then for four minutes scraped from the mortar 
and from the porcelain pestle,^ which is also unglazed, or has had its 
glazing rubbed off with wet sand, so that the trituration maj^ be 
homogeniously mixed. After this has been thus scraped together, it 
is triturated again without any addition for another six minutes with 
equal force. After scraping together again from the bottom and the 
sides for four minutes this triturate (for which the first third of the 
100 grains had been used), the second third of the sugar of milk is 
now added, both are mixed together with the spatula for a moment, 
triturated again with like force for six minutes; then having again 
scraped the triturate for four minutes, it is triturated a second time 
(without addition) for six minutes more, and after scraping it together 
for another four minutes it is mixed with the last third of the pow- 
dered sugar of milk by stirring it around with the spatula, and then 
the whole mixture is again triturated for six minutes, scraped for 
four minutes, and a second and last time triturated for six minutes; 
then it is all scraped together and the powder is preserved in a well- 
stoppered bottle with the name of the substance and the signature 
100 because it is potentized one hundred fold.f 

*That after the completion of every three hours' trituration of a medicinal 
substance, the mortar, pestle and spatula are to be several times scalded with 
boiling water, being after every scalding wiped quite dry and clean, I presup- 
pose as indispensable, so that no idea of spoiling any medicine that may be 
triturated in it in future may be entertained. If the further precaution is used 
of exposing mortar, pestle and spatula to a heat approaching red heat, this will 
dissipate every thought that any least rest of the medicine last triturated can 
cling to them, and thus even the most scrupulous mind will be satisfied. 

t Only phosphorus needs some modification in the preparation of the first 
attenuation to the looth degree. Here the hundred grains of sugar of milk are 
at once put into the triturating bowl and, wdth about twelve drops of water they 
are stirred by means of the wet pestle into a thickish pap; one grain of phos- 
phorus is then cut into numerous pieces, say twelve, and kneaded in vdth the 
moist pestle and rather stamped than rubbed into it, while the mass which often 
clings to the pestle is as often scraped into the mortar. Thus the little crumbs of 
phosphorus are rubbed to little invisible dust particles in the thick pap of sugar 
of milk even in the first two periods of six minutes each, without the appear- 
ance of the least spark. During the third period of six minutes the stamping 
may pass over into rubbing, because the mass is then approaching the form of 
powder. During the succeeding three periods of six minutes each the tritura- 
tion is carried on only with a moderate force, and after every six minutes the 
powder is scraped from the mortar and the pestle for several minutes, which is 
done easily, as this powder does not adhere tenaciously. After the sixth period 


To potentize the substance to the ten thousandth attenuation, 
one grain of the powder last mentioned as being the one hundredth 
is taken with one-third of 100 grains of fresh sugar of milk, vStirred 
in the mortar with a spatula and treated as above, so that every 
third is triturated twice for six minutes at a time, and after every 
trituration is scraped together (for about four minutes), before the 
second third of the sugar of milk is added and after this has been 
similarlj^ treated the last third of sugar of milk is stirred into it and 
again similarly triturated twice for six minutes at a time, when it is 
scraped together, put in a stoppered vial with the signature loooo as it 
contains the medicine potentized to the ten thousandth attenuation.* 

The same is done with one grain of this powder (marked ioooo) in 
order to bring it to I, and thus to attenuate it to the millionfold 

In order to produce a homogeneity in the preparation of the 
homoeopathic and especially the antipsoric remedies, at least in the 
form of powders, I advise the reducing of medicines only to this 
millionth potency, no more and no less and to prepare from this the 
solutions and the necessary potencies of these solutions; this has been 
my own custom. 

The trituration should be done with force, yet only with so much 
force that the sugar of milk may not be pressed too firmly to the 
mortar, but may be scraped up in four minutes. 

Now in preparing the solutions f from this, and in bringing the 
medicines thus potentized one millionfold, into the fluid form, (so 
that their dynamization may be still further continued) , we are aided 
by the property of all medicinal substances, that, when brought to 
the potency I, they are soluble in water and alcohol; this property is 
still unknown to chemistry. 

of trituration the powder, when standing exposed to the air in the dark, is only 
feebly luminous, and has but a slight odor. It is put into a well-stoppered vial 
and marked phosphorus yo^, the other two triturations roiyoo) and ^- are pre- 
pared like those from other dry medicinal substances. 

*Thus it will be seen that every attenuation (that to j jyj, that to toooo* ^^^d 
also the third to 1 000000 or I) is prepared by six times triturating for six minutes 
and six times scraping together for four minutes each time. Thus each one 
requires one hour. 

t In the beginning I used to give a small part of a grain of the powders 
potentized to the joooo ^r the I degree by trituration, as a dose. But since a 
small part of a grain is too indefinite a quantity, and since IIonuTeopathy must 
avoid all indefiniteness and inexactness as much as possible, the discovery that 
all medicines may be changed from potentized medicinal powders into fluids 
with which a definite number of pellets may be moistened for a dose, was of 
great value to me From liquids the higher potencies may also be easily pre- 


The first solution cannot be made in pure alcohol, because sugar 
of milk will not dissolve in alcohol. The first solution is therefore 
made in a mixture of half water and half alcohol. 

To one grain of the medicinal powder triturated to the millionfold 
potency I, fift}' drops of distilled water are dropped in and by turn- 
ing the vial a few times round on its axis it is easil}^ dissolved, 
when fift}' drops of good alcohol^ are added, and the vial, which 
ought only to be filled to two-thirds of its capacity by the mixture, 
ought to be stoppered and shaken twice (/. e. with two down-strokes 
of the arm). It is marked with the name of the medicine and ito"^.t 
One drop of this is added to ninetj^-nine or one hundred drops of 
pure alcohol, the stoppered vial is then shaken with two strokes of 
the arm and marked with the name of the medicine and designated 
iooool- One drop of this is added to ninety-nine or one hundred drops 
of pure alcohol, the corked vial is then shaken with two strokes of 
the arm and marked with the name of the medicine and n- The 
preparation of the higher potencies is then continued with two 
strokes of the arm ?j; every time to the lOQ-ii, looooii, m, etc., but to 
attain a simple uniformity in practice only the vials with the full 
numbers n, niTiv, v,|| etc., are used in practice, but the intermediate 

* For the fifty drops of water as well as for the fifty drops of alcohol a vial 
containing just that quantity may be used, so that we need not then count the 
drops, especially as drops of water are not easily counted when it flows from 
a vial, the mouth of which is not roughened by rubbing with sand. 

fit will be well to mark on the label that it has been shaken twice, 
together with the date. 

j After man}' experiments and searching comparisons with the patients I 
have for several years preferred from conviction to give to the medicinal fluids 
which are to be elevated to higher potencies and at the same time to be ren- 
dered milder, only two shakes (with two strokes of the arm) instead of the ten 
shakes given b}' others, because the potentizing in the latter case by the 
repeated shaking passes far beyond the attenuation at every step (though this 
is one hundred fold ) ; while 3'et the end striven for is to develop the medicinal 
powers onh^ in the degree that the attenuation may reach the end aimed for: 
to moderate in some degree the strength of the medicine while its power of 
penetration is increased. The double shake also increases the quantity of the 
medicinal forces developed, like the tenfold shake, but not in as high a degree 
as the latter, so that its strength may, nevertheless, be kept down by the one 
hundred fold attenuation effected, and we thus obtain ever}^ time a weaker 
though somewhat more liighh- potentized and more penetrating medicine. 

II Instead of the fractional numbers xookoo (j), r 000000000000 ^\), etc., 
these degrees of dynamization are frequently so expressed that only the expo- 
nent showing how often one hundred has been multiplied into itself is 
expressed, thus instead of 1, looC'j; instead of j\, looC^); instead of 1, loo(^); 
instead oi ^h^m ioo(^*'); instead of jqIooix, ioq^^) and instead of decillion ^, 
ioo(^''), thus only the exponents as to the third, sixth, ninth, tenth, twenty- 
ninth and thirtieth potency, etc. 


numbers are preserved in boxes or cases with their labels. Thus 
thej^ will be protected from the effect of daylight. 

As the shaking is only to take place through moderate strokes of 
the arm, the hand of which holds the vial, it is best to choose the 
vials just so large that the}^ will be two- thirds filled with loo drops 
of the attenuated medicine. 

Vials that have contained a remed}^ must never be used for the 
reception of any other medicine, though they be rinsed ever so 
often, but new vials must be taken every time. 

The pellets which are to be moistened with the medicine should 
also be selected of the same size, hardly as large as poppy-seeds, 
made by the confectioner, partl}^ so that the dose may be made small 
enough, and partly that homoeopathic physicians in the preparation 
of medicines, as also in the giving of doses, may act alike, and thus 
be able to compare the result of their practice with that of other 
Homoeopaths in the most certain manner. 

The moistening of pellets is best done with a quantity, so that a 
drachm or several drachms of pellets are put into a little dish of 
stoneware, porcelain or glass; this dish should be more deep than 
wide, in the form of a large thimble; several drops of the spirituous 
medicinal fluid should be dropped into it (rather a few drops too 
many), so that they may penetrate to the bottom and will have 
moistened all the pellets within a minute. Then the dish is turned 
over and emptied on a piece of clean double blotting paper, so that 
the superfluous fluid may be absorbed by it, and when this is done, 
the pellets are spread on the paper so as to dry quickly. When dr}-, 
the pellets are filled in a vial, marked as to its contents, and well 

All pellets moistened with the spirituous liquid have when dry a 
dull appearance; the crude, unmoistened pellets look whiter and 
more shining. 

To prepare the pellets to give to patients, one or a couple of such 
little pellets are put into the open end of a paper capsule containing 
two or three grains of powdered sugar of milk ; this is then stroked 
with a spatula or the nail of the thumb with some degree of pressure 
until it is felt, that the pellet or pellets are crushed and broken, then 
the pellets will easily- dissolve if put into water. 

Wherever I mention pellets in giving medicine, I always mean 
the finest, of the size of poppy-seeds, of which about 200 (^moro or 
less) weigh a grain. 


The antipsoric medicines treated of in what follows contain no so- 
called idiopathic medicines, since their pure effects, even those of the 
potentized miasma of itch (^Psorin) have not been proved enough, by 
far, that a safe homoeopathic use might be made of it. I say ho- 
mceopathic use, for it does not remain idem (the same) ; even if the pre- 
pared itch substance should be given to the same patient from w^hom 
it w^as taken, it would not remain idem (the same), as it could only 
be useful to him in a potentized state, since crude itch substance 
which he has alread}- in his body as an idem is without effect on him. 
But the dynamization or potentizing changes it and modifies it; just 
as gold leaf after potentizing is no more crude gold leaf inert in the 
human body, but in every stage of djaiamization it is more and more 
modified and changed. 

Thus potentized and modified also, the itch substance {^Pso7in) 
when taken is no more an idem (same) wdth the crude original itch 
substance, but only a simillimum (thing most similar). Fo?^ between 
IDEM and siMiivLiMUM there is no inter^nediate for any 07ie that can 
think; or in other words between idem and simile only simillimum, 
can be intermediate. Isopathic and csquale are equivocal expres- 
sions, which if they should signif}^ an>^hing reliable can onl}^ signify 
simillimum, because they are not idem (zaunr/). 





Since I last* addressed the public concerning our healing art, I 
have had among other things also the opportunity to gain experience 
as to the best possible mode of administering the doses of the medi- 
cines to the patients, and I herewith communicate what I have 
found best in this respect. 

A small pellet of one of the highest dynamizations of a medicine 
laid dry upon the tongue, or the moderate smelling of an opened vial 
wherein one or more such pellets are contained, proves itself the 
smallest and weakest dose with the shortest period of duration in its 
effects. Still there are numerous patients of so excitable a nature, 
that they are sufficiently affected by such a dose in slight acute ail- 
ments to be cured by it if the remedy is homoeopathically selected. 
Nevertheless the incredible variety among patients as to their irrita- 
bility, their age, their spiritual and bodily development, their vital 
power and especially as to the nature of their disease, necessitates a 
great variet}^ in their treatment, and also in the administration to 
them of the doses of medicines. For their diseases ma}^ be of vari- 
ous kinds: either a natural and simple one but latel}^ arisen, or it 
may be a natural and simple one but an old case, or it ma}^ be a 
complicated one (a combination of several miasmata), or again what 
is the most frequent and worst case, it may have been spoiled b}^ a 
perverse medical treatment, and loaded down with medicinal diseases. 

I can here limit myself only to this latter case, as the other cases 
cannot be arranged in tabular form for the weak and negligent, but 
must be left to the accuracy, the industry and the intelligence of able 
men, who are masters of their art. 

Experience has shown me, as it has no doubt also shown to most 
of my followers, that it is most useful in diseases of an}' magnitude 
(not excepting even the most acute, and still more so in the half- 

iThis preface was prefixed to Vol. III. of the "Chronic Diseases," published in the year 

1837.— TV. 

*In the beginning of the year 1834 I wrote the first two parts of this work 
and although they together contain only thirty-six sheets, my former ptiblisher, 
Mr. Arnold, in Dresden, took two years to publish these thirty-six sheets, l^v 
whom was he thus delayed? My acquaintances can guess that. 


acute, in the tedious and most tedious) to give to the patient the 
powerful homoeopathic pellet or pellets only in solution, and this 
solution in di\dded doses. In this wa}^ we give the medicine, dis- 
solved in seven to twenty tablespoonfuls of water without any addi- 
tion, in acute and very acute diseases every six, four or two hours; 
where the danger is urgent, even every hour or every half -hour, a 
tablespoonful at a time; with weak persons or children, only a small 
part of a tablespoonful (one or two teaspoonfuls or coffeespoonfuls) 
may be given as a dose. 

In chronic diseases I have found it best to give a dose {e. g. , a 
vSpoonful) of a solution of the suitable medicine at least everj^ tw^o 
da^'s, more usually ever>' day. 

But since water (even distilled water) commences after a few 
days to be spoil, whereby the power of the small quantity of 
medicine contained is destroyed, the addition of a little alcohol is 
necessars', or where this is not practicable, or if the patient cannot 
bear it, I add a few small pieces of hard charcoal to the water>^ 
solution. This answers the purpose, except that in the latter case 
the fluid in a few days receives a blackish tint. This is caused by 
shaking the Hquid, as is necessar>^ every time before giving a dose 
of medicine, as maj' be seen below. 

Before proceeding, it is important to observe, that our vital prin- 
ciple cannot well bear that the same unchanged dose of medicine be 
given even twice in succession, much less more frequenth^ to a 
patient. For bj^ this the good effect of the former dose of medicine 
is either neutralized in part, or new S3'mptoms proper to the medi- 
cine, symptoms which have not before been present in the disease, 
appear, impeding the cure. Thus even a well selected homoeopathic 
medicine produces ill effects and attains its purpose imperfectly or 
not at all. Thence come the many contradictions of homoeopathic 
physicians with respect to the repetition of doses. 

But m taking one and the same medicine repeatedh' (w^hich is 
indispensable to secure the cure of a serious, chronic disease), if the 
dose is in ever\^ case varied and modified onl}' a little in its degree of 
dynamization, then the vital force of the patient will calmh^ and as 
it were willing!}' receive the same medicine even at brief intervals 
very many times in succession with the best results, every time 
increasing the well-being of the patient. 

This slight change in the degree of dynamization is even effected, 
if the bottle which contains the solution of one or more pellets is 
merel}' well shaken five or six times, every time before taking it. 

Now when the ph^^sician has in this way used up the solution of 
the medicine that had been prepared, if the medicine continues use- 


ful, he will take one or two pellets of the same medicine in a lower 
potenc}^ {e. g. if before he had used the thirtieth dilution, he will 
now take one or two pellets of the twenty-fourth), and will make 
a solution in about as many spoonfuls of water, shaking up the 
bottle, and adding a little alcohol or a few pieces of charcoal. 
This last solution may then be taken in the same manner, or at 
longer intervals, perhaps also less of the solution at a time; but every 
time the solution must be shaken up five or six times. This will be 
continued so long as the remedy still produces improvement and 
until new ailments (such as have never 3^et occurred with other 
patients in this disease), appear; for in such a case a new remedy 
will have to be used. On any day when the remedy has produced 
too strong an action, the dose should be omitted for a day. If the 
symptoms of the disease alone appear, but are considerably aggra- 
vated even during the more moderate use of the medicine, then the 
time has come to break off in the use of the medicine for one or two 
weeks, and to await a considerable improvement.* 

When the medicine has been consumed and it is found neces- 
sary to continue the same remedy, if the physician should desire to 
prepare a new portion of medicine from the same degree of potency, 
it will be necessary to give to the new solution as many shakes, as 
the number of shakes given to the last portion amount to when 
summed up together, and then a few more, before the patient is given 
the first dose; but after that, with the subsequent doses, the solution 
is to be shaken up only five or six times. 

In this manner the homoeopathic physician will derive all the 
benefit from a well selected remedy, which can be obtained in any 
special case of chronic disease by doses given through the mouth. 

But if the diseased organism is affected by the physician through 

* In treating acute cases of disease the homoeopathic physician will proceed 
in a similar manner. He will dissolve one (two) pellet of the highly potent- 
ized, well selected medicine in seven, ten or fifteen tablespoonfuls of water 
(without addition) by shaking the bottle. He will then, according as the dis- 
ease is more or less acute, and more or less dangerous, give the patient every 
half hour, or every hour, every two, three, four, six hours (after again well 
shaking the bottle) a whole or a half tablespoonful of the solution, or, in the 
case of a child, even less. If the physician sees no new symptoms develop, he 
will continue at these intervals, until the symptoms present at first begin to be 
aggravated; then he will give it at longer intervals and less at a time. 

As is well known, in cholera the suitable medicine has often to be given at 
far shorter intervals. 

Children are always given these solutions from their usual drinking vessels; 
a teaspoon for drinking is to them unusal and suspicious, and they will refuse 
the tasteless liquid at once on that account. A little sugar may be atlded for 
their sake. 


this same appropriate remedy at the same time in sensitive spots other 
than the nerves of the mouth and the alimentary canal, i. e. if this 
same remedy that has been found useful is at the same time in its 
watery solution rubbed in (even in small quantities) into one or 
more parts of the bod}^ which are most free from the morbid ailments 
(<?. g. on an arm, or on the thigh or leg, which have neither cutane- 
ous eruptions, nor pains, nor cramps) — then the curative effects are 
much in creased. The limbs which are thus rubbed with the solu- 
tion may also be varied, first one, then another. Thus the physician 
will receive a greater action from the medicine homoeopathically suit- 
able to the chronic patient, and can cure him more quickly, than by 
merely internally administering the remedy. 

This mode of procedure has been frequently proved by myself 
and found extraordinarily curative; yea, attended by the most start- 
ling good effects; the medicine taken internall}^ being at the same 
time nibbed on the skin externally. This procedure will also explain 
the wonderful cures, of rare occurrence indeed, where chronic crippled 
patients with sound ski7i recovered quickly and permanently by a few 
baths in a mineral water, the medicinal constituents of which were 
to a great degree homoeopathic to their chronic disease.* 

The limb, therefore, on which the solution is to be rubbed in, must 
be free from cutaneous ailments. In order to introduce also here 
change and variation, when several of the limbs are free from cutane- 
ous ailments, one limb after the other should be used, in alternation, 
on different days, (best on da3's when the medicine is not taken in- 
ternally). A small quantity of the solution should be rubbed in with 
the hand, until the limb is dry. Also for this purpose, the bottle 
should be shaken five or six times. 

Convenient as the mode of administering the medicine above 
described may be, and much as it surely advances the cure of chronic 
diseases, nevertheless, the greater quantity of alcohol or whiskey or 

* On the other hand such baths have also inflicted a proportionally greater 
injury with patients who suffered from ulcers and cutaneous eruptions; for 
these were driven by them from the skin, as may be done by other external 
means, when after a short period of health, the vital force of the patient trans- 
ferred the internal uncured disease to another part of the body, and one much 
more important to life and health. Thus e. g. may be produced the obscura- 
tion of the crystalline lens, the paralysis of the optic nerve, the destruction 
of the sense of hearing ; pains also of innumerable kinds in consequence torture 
the patient, his mental organs suffer, his mind becomes obscured, spasmodic 
asthma threatens to suffocate him, or an apoplectic stroke carries him off, or 
some other dangerous or unbearable disease takes the place of the former ail- 
ment. Therefore the homoeopathic remedy given internally must never be 
rubbed in on parts which suffer from external ailments. 


the several lumps of charcoal which have to be added in warmer 
weather to preserve the watery solution were still objectionable to me 
with many patients. 

I have, therefore, lately found the following mode of administra- 
tion preferable with careful patients. From a mixture of about five 
tablespoonfuls of pure water and five tablespoonfuls of French 
brand^^ — which is kept on hand in a bottle, 200, 300 or 400 drops 
(according as the solution is to be weaker or stronger) are dropped 
into a little vial, which may be half-filled with it, and in which the 
medicinal powder or the pellet or pellets of the medicine have been 
placed. This vial is stoppered and shaken until the medicine is dis- 
solved. From this solution one, two, three or several drops, accord- 
ing to the irritability and the vital force of the patient, are dropped 
into a cup, containing a spoonful of water; this is then well stirred 
and given to the patient, and where more especial care is necessary, 
only the half of it may be given; half a spoonful of this mixture may 
also well be used for the above mentioned external rubbing. 

On days, when only the latter is administered, as also when it is 
taken internally, the little vial containing the drops must every time 
be briskly shaken five or six times; so also the drop or drops of 
medicine with the tablespoonful of water must be well stirred in 
the cup. 

It would be still better if instead of the cup a vial should be 
used, into which a tablespoonful of water is put, which can then be 
shaken five or six times and then wholly or half emptied for a dose. 

. Frequently it is useful in treating chronic diseases to take the 
medicine, or to rub it in in the evening, shortly before going to 
sleep, because we have then less disturbance to fear from without, 
than when it is done earlier. 

When I was still giving the medicines in undivided portions, 
each with some water at a time, I often found that the potentizing 
in the attenuating glasses effected by ten shakes was too strong 
{i. <?., the medicinal action too strongly developed) and I, therefore, 
advised only two succussions. But during the last years, since I 
have been giving every dose of medicine in an incorruptible solution, 
divided over fifteen, twenty or thirty days and even more, no potent- 
izing in an attenuating vial is found too strong, and I again use ten 
strokes with each. So I herewith take back what I wrote on this 
subject three years ago in the first volume of this book on page 149. 

In cases where a great irritability of the patient is combined with 
extreme debility, and the medicine can only be administered by 
allowing the patient to smell a few small pellets contained in a vial. 
when the medicine is to be used for several days, I allow the patient 


to smell daily of a different vial, containing the same medicine, 
indeed, but eYcry time of a lower potency, once or twice with each 
nostril according as I wish him to be affected more or less. 




Agaricus is the fetid toad-stool with scarlet-red top, which is 
studded with whitish warts and has a white border. Of the toad- 
stool carefully dried take one grain, or two grains of the fresh plant, 
and triturate it like any of the other medicines with sugar of milk 
for three hours; this preparation is afterwards dissolved, attenuated 
and potentized by two succussive strokes for every potency until we 
reach the thirtieth potenc}^ (or x). 

Apelt found it useful in pains of the upper jaw-bone and of the 
teeth, as well as in pains of the bones of the lower limbs (seemingly 
in the marrow) and finally in itching eruptions as large as millet 
seeds, set closely together; as also in lassitude following coition. 

Whistling cured with it convulsions and trembling, and /. C. 
Bernhard cured with it even several varieties of epilepsy. 

Dr. Woost saw the effects of agaricus in large does extend for 
seven or eight weeks. 

Camphor is the chief antidote in ailments due to toad-stool even 
when they become chronic. 

The abbreviations of the names of my fellow-provers are as 

Ap,, Apelt; Gr., Dr. Gross ; Fr. H., Dr. Frederick Hahnemann, 

* Agaricus appears for the first time in this second edition, but Hahnemann acknowledges 
that his fellow observers and he himself also had already published their observations— 
Hahnemann with his son and lyaughammer in Vol. IX., Apelt in Vol. X., of the Atchiv; Gross 
Schreter and Stapf in the Pvakt. Milih. d. cen. Gesell. kom. Arrzte. for 1S2S, Ng., Seidel, Soh., 
and Woost in Hartlaub and Trink's Arzncimittellchrc, Vol. III., 1S31. Apelt proved a tincture 
of the fresh fungus, beginning with six to eight drops of the tincture and going on to the 
twelfth and thirtieth potencies; he gives his symptoms in schema form only, and does not 
indicate how each one was obtained. Of the doses taken by Gross we have no record, and the 
same may be said of the remaining observers; but from the dates of their publications it may 
fairly be inferred that their proviugs were made after the earlier rather than the later manner. 
For the same reasons Hahnemann's own symptoms— to which no addition has here been made 
—may be accounted as derived from provings on the healthy and not fn^m observations oti the 
sick. Triturations of the dried iungus seem to have been used by all but Apelt. (Concerning 
Ng. see note on preface to K\\XYa\u^.y-Hnghcs . 


Lgh., Dr. Langhamme}' ; Ng., an anonymous contributor; Sdl.^ 
Seidel; St, Medicinalrath Dr. Stapf ; Schrt., Schreter ; Sch., an- 
other anonymous contributor; and IVst., Dr. Woost, in Oschatz*. 


Dejection of mind. \_Ap.'\ 

Despondency. \_Ap.'] 

Anxious forebodings, as if she were about to experience some- 
thing disagreeable. \_Ap.'] 

Unsteadiness and restlessness of spirit and of body (after Y^ 
hour.) \Schrt.'\ 

5. The mind is restless and troubled; he was always solely occu- 
pied with his present and his future condition. \_Lg/i.'] 

Disinclination to speak, without being ill-humored. 

He compels himself to speak, but answers in few words,, 
though otherwise cheerful. [_Ap.~\ 

It seems as if he could not find the words to express himself. 

Disinclination to speak with tretfulness, peevishness and 
disinclination to work. [^Lg/i.'] 
10. Fretful mood. \_WsL~\ 

Very peevish and irritable. \_Ap.'] 

Ill-humored and indifferent. [^^/.] 

While at other times full of great solicitude, she is now 
altogether indifferent. [Ap.^ 

Indifferent, self-absorbed mood with aversion to all occupa- 
tion. ISdl.'] 
15. Disinclination to all work. \_Ap. — Gr.'] 

He trifles with all manner of things, merely to avoid working. 

Disgust for all work which occupies the mind, and if he 
nevertheless undertakes it, there arise a rush of blood to the 
head, throbbing in the arteries, flushes in the face, and the think- 
ing faculty is disturbed. [Sdl.'] 

Forgetful; he finds it difficult to recall what he has before heard 
and thought. [Schrt.'] 

lyoss of consciousness. [I^erger, Memorabilien vol. iii, p. 

20. Drunken fearless frenzy with bold, vengeful determinations. 
[Voigtel A. M. ly. vol. ii, part ii, p. 352.] 

Shy insanity. [Murray, Apparatus Medicam. v, 557. 

* Throughout the work the symptoms without a name or mark are con- 
tributed by myself. With respect to the symptoms of other contributors, I 
have sometimes found it necessary for the convenience of my readers to ab- 
breviate phrases unnecessarily extended, sometimes also to substitute more 
intelligible expressions in the place of obscure or idiomatic ones. I have not 
knowingly omitted anything essential. — Sam. Hahnemann. 


Frenzy. [VoiGTEL ibid.] 

Fearless, threatening, destructive frenzy, also such as turns 
against itself and injures itself, combined with great exertion of 
strength. [Murray ibid.] 

Causes cheerfulness. \Pharmakol. Lex. vol. i, p. 74.] 
25. Cheerful, careless mood. \_Wst^. 

Cheerful mood but without any impulse toward conversation. 


Extravagant fancy, rapture, prophesying, making verses. 
\Murray ibid.] 

Quiet, equable, sociable, active, and glad of having done his 
duty (curative action). \_Lgh.'\ 

Muddled feeling in the head. [Ap.~\ 
30. Muddled feeling in the head with dull pains (aft. 2 h.). 

Muddled feeling and heaviness in the head (aft. 5 h.). 

Continued heaviness in the head (aft. 5 h.). [^r/z.] 

Painful heaviness in the forehead (on 5th d.). [A^.] 

Sensation of a tugging down heaviness in the two temples, 

reaching to the middle of the ears, as if there were a heavy load 

hanging on both sides of the head, more during the day than in 

the morning, and worse when touched. \_Fr. H.^ 

35. Heaviness of the head as after intoxication (aft. yi h. V \Schrt.'\ 

In the morning heaviness and chaotic sensation in the head, 
as if he had been on a spree the day before; this lasts for six 
days. [Sch.'] 

Dulness, imbecility (after-effects in old age). \_Murray^ App. 
Med. V, p. 557.] 

Dizziness, stupefaction. 

Dizziness as from intoxication. [VoiGTEi., ibid.] 
40. Pleasant intoxication. [Murray, ibid.] 

Drunkenness. \Pharmakol. Lex. ibid.] 

Reeling and sinking down (on 2d d.). [Lkrger, ibid]. 

Reeling when walking in the open air (aft. i h.) \Ap^ 

Reeling as from spirituous liquors; in walking in the open air 
he staggers about. \Lgh.'\ 
45. Vertigo, 

Vertigo and stupidity in the morning (aft. 3 h.). \Fr. H^ 

Vertigo in the morning as after a spree (aft. J/( h.) [Ap.^ 

Vertigo coming on especially in the morning and lasting for 
1-8 minutes, returning after short intervals several times during 
the day. [Ap.] 

Strong sun-light in the morning causes a momentary vertigo, 
even to falling down. [ Wsf] 
50. Attacks of vertigo with a tottering gait and obscuration of the 
vision even as to near objects, coming and going at intervals of 
five minutes; this can only be entirely removed by the reception 
of different ideas. \_Ap.~\ 

Vertigo while meditating while walking in the open air (^att. 
8 d.) [Ap.-] 


Attacks of vertigo in the open, air which passed away in the 
room, for several days. [Sck.'\ 

Vertigo in the room while turning around. [Ap.] 

Vertigo which passes away for a length of time by quickly 
turning about or by turning the head. \_Ap.^ 
55. Headache early in bed. \_Ap.^ 

Headaches of various kinds in the left half of the occipital 
bone, while sitting. \_Ap.~\ 

Dull headache in the right temple. [Ap.~\ 

Dull headache especially in the forehead, during which 
he has to move his head to and fro; this causes the ej^es to close 
as if for sleep. \_Ap.'] 

Dull, stupefying headache with thirst and heat especially in 
the face (at once). [Schrt.'] 
60. Dull pressive headache which passes awaj^ after a copious 
stool, with flushes of heat. \_Wst.'] 

Pressive headache in fits and starts, before going to bed. 

Pressure in the frontal sinuses. \^Ap.'] 

Violent pressive pain in the forehead with vertigo, while sit- 
ting down. \_Ap.'] 

Pressure from the forehead down on the upper half of the eye- 
balls (aft. iy2 h.). IWst.'] 
65. Violent pressure in the right temple or the temporal bone. 

Pressure on the upper part of the left temporal bone just 
above the auricle, extending deep into the brain, increased by 
pressure or by touching the hair, attended with complete despond- 
ency. \_Ap.'\ 

Painful pressure in the zj^gomatic process of the left temporal 
bone. [Gr.'] 

Pressure in the occiput (on ist d.). [Sdl.'] 

Violent pressive headache, especially in the occiput; after 
dinner (on 9th d.). [Sdl.'] 
70. Pressure with stitches in the forehead above the eyes. [Ap.] 

Painful drawing pressure from the left side of the forehead to 
the right, while sitting down (aft. }< h.) [Lgh.'] 

Drawing pains in the head, early on awaking, with pressure 
on the e3^e-balls. [Sdl.] 

Drawing pain in the forehead. [Ap.] 

Drawing from both sides of the frontal bone to the root of the 
nose. [6^?^.] 
75. Very painful drawing through the temples, forehead or eye- 
balls. [Sdl.] 

Drawing in the head in all directions with a sensation as if be- 
coming unconscious. [6^?^] 

Drawing pain in the occiput, in the afternoon. [Ap.] 

Drawing headache in the occiput early in bed, as if the re- 
sult of lying in a wrong position, increased by extending the arms 
and stretching while holding the breath. [ IVst.] 

_ Drawing cutting pain in the forehead while standing; when 
sitting down this becomes a pressive stupefaction of the head 
(aft. i}4 h.). [Lgk.] 


80. Intermittent drawing and tearing pain in the forehead (aft. 
33 h.). {.Lgh:\ 

Tearing in the forehead, just above the root of the nose. 


Tearing in the region of the right temple. \Gr.'\ 

Tearing in the left side of the occiput, returning at short in- 
tervals. {Ap-I 

Jerking tearing in the head, terminating behind the right ear 
where it is most painful. 
85. Headache as if the brain were being torn. 

Tearing with pressure in the ^vhole left circumference 
of the brain, strongest in the left orbit and zygoma with a 
muddled feeling in the head (aft. 8 h.). \_Gr^ 

Tearing stitches in the occiput from one side to the other, 
early in the morning (on the 2d d.). [ Wst^^ 

Violent lancinating tearing from the crown to the left ear 
(aft. 6h.). \Wst.-\ 

Fine stitches in the right temple (aft. )^ h.). \Schrt^ 
90. Burrowing pain in the head, lasting only a few minutes, but 
returning ver}^ frequently. \_Ap^ 

Violent burrowing pain in the left frontal eminence (aft. 3 h.). 

Boring pains deep in the brain at the crown of the head. 


Pain as from a nail in the right side of the head. \_Gr.'\ 

Throbbing in the crown of the head with a desperation 
bordering on frenzy. 
95. Tearing drawing pains externally in the integuments of the 
head (the skin and bones), increased by pressure, especially in a 
little spot on the crown, which pains as if it were internally fester- 
ing, at night (aft. 18 d.). [5^/.] 

Sensitiveness of the skin of the head as if ulcerating. 

Twitches in the skin of the forehead over the right eye. \Ap^ 

Repeated painless twitches on the right temple, beside the eye 
(the 7th d.). \_Ngr^ 

Cramplike pain in the left temple (aft. 37 h.). \Lgh^ 
100. Sensation of cold as of ice on the right frontal bone which is 
covered with hair, while externally it feels warm. \Ap^ 

After a preceding itching and scratching, icy cold in the region 
of the coronal suture frequently returning, and progressiveh" more 
in front until it comes into the part of the forehead not covered with 
hair, [y^/.] 

Itching of the hairy scalp. \_Ap^ 

Itching of the whole hairy scalp, as if it were healing; this pro- 
vokes scratching. \Lgh^ 

Troublesome itching of the hairy scalp, especially early after 
rising; it passes away by scratching with a sharp comb. [ M 'sV.] 
105. Pimples on the hairy scalp. \^Ap.'\ 

In the eyebrows, itching. \j^-^p.^ 

Falling out of the hair of the eyebrows. \^Ap.\ 

Pressure in the eyes. [/v-. 7/.] 

Pressure in the left eyeball (aft, 10 h.V [Z/'sV.] 


iio. Pressure in the eyes and inclination to close them, without 
sleepiness, after dinner. [^/.] 

Pressure in the e^^es and upon the forehead, as if something 
were pressing inwardly (aft. lo min.). \_Sc/irt^ 

Pressure in the corner of the left eye, as if from the presence 
of a foreign body. \_Ap.^ 

Pressure and drawing in the eyeballs, especially on the left, 
reaching into the forehead (on 4th d.). \_Sdl.^ 

Very painful drawing in the eyeballs (on 3d and 4th d.) [Sdl.] 
115. Spasmodic pain under the curve of the right eyebrow, which 
renders the opening of the eyes difficult (aft. 5 h.). [Lo-k.'] 

Itching and ticHing in the right eye (aft. i h.). [SckrL] 

TickUng itching in the left eye, which necessitates rubbing 

(aft. 3h.). [Lg-h.] . . 

Itching and quivering of the left lower eyelid, necessitating 
rubbing. [^/.] 

Itching and pressing in the right eye, which only ceases for a 
short time on rubbing it. [Sc/irf.'] 
120. Burning of the eyes with a sensation of contraction, in the 
evening (on ist d.). [A^.] 

Burning of the inner canthi of the eyes, as though they were 
inflamed, with increased painfulness on being touched. \_Gr.^ 

Burning in the inner canthi when he compresses the lids. 

Burning pressive pains over the right eye with lachr3^mation 
(aft. i}4 h.). [Sc/i.j 

Redness of the white of the eye. [^Fr. H.'] 
125. Yellow color of the white of the eyes (on 3d d.). [Sdl.'] 

Swelling of the lids of the left eye toward the inner canthus, 
. whereby the e3^e is somewhat diminished in size. \_Ap.'] 

Contraction of the eyelids (aft. 2 h.). [Schrt.'] 

Contraction and narrowing of the inner canthus of the left 
eye. [^/.] 

Sensation of contraction of the right eye with increased 
brightness of vision, followed b}^ itching in the eyeball and lach- 
rymation, and finally twitching in the left eye such as had pre- 
viously occurred in the right e3^e ; wine at once did away with this 
symptom \_Ap.Y 
130. Contraction of the open space between the eyelids for 
several days without swelling and often with twitching and 
quivering of the ej^elids. [^/>.] 

The open space between the eyelids is narrower than usual, 
and can onl}^ be enlarged by exertion. [Schrt.'] 

Twitching in the eyeballs often, first in one and then in the 
other, in the left eye it is sometimes accompanied with lachryma- 
tion. iAp.'] 

Frequent twitching and pressure in the left e3^eball while 
reading. [Ap.~\ 

^129, This symptom with 5, 327, 506, 582, 692, 694 and 708 on a second 
application occurred in a patient affected with involuntary twitching of the 
right eyelid, for which he held to the open eye for a few moments a vial of the 
thirtieth dilution. 

hahnhmx-^nn's chronic diseases. 167 

Twitching with pressive pain in the left eyeball at 
any time of the day and under any circumstances ; it neces- 
sitates wiping the eyes, but this does not cause it to cease. [/^/.] 
135. Frequent quivering in the eyelids, mostly in only a small por- 
tion of them and extending more towards one canthus. [_Ap.'] 

Quivering of the right lower eyelid, with pulsation of an 
artery to the left and at the back of the nose, and twitching in the 
skin on the left side of the nose. \_Ap.'] 

Dryness of the eyes. [Ap.'] 

The lachr}- mal caruncle of the left eye is enlarged for severa 1 
days. \_Ap.^ 

Lachrymation of the right eye (on ist and 2d d.). [A^.] 
140. Lachrymation of the right eye (aft. 3 h.). [Schrt.'] 

Sensation in the e3^es as if the}^ ought to be constantly wiped. 
[Fr. H.'] 

The eyelids are joined together as if by mucous threads, and 
this only passes away temporarily by wiping them. 

Gum in the canthi of the eyes (aft. 6 h.). [Lgh. Schrt.'] 

Viscous yellow humor (at first white) which glues the 

eyelids together; this exudes continually, even during the day; 

but most in the mornings and evenings in the inner canthi. \_Gr.'\ 

145. The pupils are first dilated (aft. ^ h.) then contracted (aft. 

25 h.). [Lgh.-] 

Gradual diminution of the vision while walking in the open 
air (aft. 7 h.). ^Ap.] 

Great weariness (weakness) of the eyes, things grow pale if 
she looks for some time at any object. \^Ap.~\ 

Short-sightedness and dimness of vision of both eyes. 

Very indistinct vision; objects must be quite near to his 
eyes in order that he may properly distinguish them. [^Ap.] 
J 50. He is obliged in reading to bring the letters more and more 
closely to his eyes, in order to distinguish them clearly, then he 
must at once remove them to a greater distance, as else the vision 
becomes dim again. \_Ap.'\ 

Dimness before the eyes, with sleepiness. [IFj*/.] 

Dimness of vision, everything appears obscured as if 
seen through turbid water, so that he must make a great effort to 
recognize objects. \_Ap.'] 

All objects appear enveloped in a fog and thus obscured. 

Whatever comes before his e3^es is as it were covered with a 
cobweb and obscured. \_Ap.'] 
155. A black fly floats before his left eye at the distance of half a 
yard and when winking it flits to and fro. [/v-. //".] 

In rainy weather a brown fly flits before the left eye toward 
the inner canthus, [_Ap.~\ 

In closing the right e^-e, there appears before the left a small 
somewhat elongated dark-brown spot, which flits about prett>' near 
to the eye, mostly in an oblique direction toward the inner corner 
of the eye. [Ap.] 


He imagines that he sees things double. [ Wsf.^ 

Photophobia. [Ap.] 
1 60. Earache, a tearing in the auditor}^ meatus of the right ear, 
which is excited and increased by cold air penetrating into the ear, 
extends to the upper jaw and continues several daj^s. \_Ap.^ 

Stitches in the left mastoid process. [ Wsf.~\ 

Itching in and behind the ears. [Ap.] 

Itching in the external meatus of the right ear. [Ap.^ 

Itching with tickhng in the right ear, inciting to scratching 
(aft. 29 h.). [Lg/i.] 
165. Itching, mostly in the left ear, which induces bormg w^ith the 
finger. [^/.] 

Itching on the lobules of the ears. \_Ap.~\ 

Itching on the external ear compelling him to rub; this 
causes redness and soreness, without stopping the itching. lAp.~\ 

Itching, redness and burning of the ears, as if they had 
been frozen. [Gr.] 

Itching and pimples on the posterior surface of the external 
ear. [Ap.] 
170. Sensation in the ears as if ear-wax was running out. [_Ap.'] 

Buzzing in the ears. 

Ringing in the right ear while walking in the open air (aft. 
4h.). iLgk.] 

On the nose: a sudden pressure on the upper part of the 
dorsum of the nose. [Ap.'] 

Sharp stitches in the left side of the root of the nose. [Gr.^ 
175. Great sensitiveness of the inner walls of the nose. \_Ap.~\ 

Itching on the outer surface of the nose. \_Ap.'] 

Violent itching on the alse of the nose, com.pelling him to 
rub. lAp.'] 

Pricking in the right nostril and eye, as from an incitation to 
sneezing. \_Ap.'] 

Tickling itching in the left nostril, that compels rubbing (aft. 
14 h.). lLgk.-\ 
180. Burning pain in the nose and the eyes (from the vapor). 

Soreness and inflammation of the internal paries of the nose. 

Blowing of blood from the nose in the morning imme- 
diately after rising from bed, followed by violent bleeding 
from the nose (aft. 33 h.). \_Gr,'] 

Epistaxis. [^'if/z.] 

Increased acuteness of olfaction. {^Ap.'] 
185. In the face, in the left cheek, stitches extending upward from 
the lower jaw (aft. i h.). \_lVst'] 

Obtuse stitches in the right cheek-bone. \_Schrf.~\ 

Lancinating, drawing pain in the right cheek (aft. 2h.). 

Quick throbbing of an artery in the left cheek with shooting 
stitches from the left eye to the upper jaw. lAp.] 

Quivering, like pulsation, in the right cheek (aft. 8 d. ) . lAp.l 
190. Burning of the cheeks. [R'^j?^'.] 


Burning in the cheeks (aft. i or 2 h.). \_Sdl.'] 

Redness of the face without any perceptible heat. [Sdl.'] 

Redness of the face with itching and burning, as after 
freezing the parts. [6V.] 

Itching in the face. \_Ap.'] 
195. Itching in the whiskers. \_Ap.'] 

Itching on the forehead, inducing scratching and pimples 
there. lAp.'] 

An itching pimple by the side of the mouth. 

On the lips and in the throat a tearing pain (from the vapor). 

Dryness and burning of the lips (on ist d.). [A^.] 
200. Burning chaps on the upper lip (on 4th d.). [A^.] 

Bluish lips (ist and 2d d.). [Sdl.'] 

On the right side of the chin, a painful pressure. [Or.] 

Stitches, fine and sharp, on a small spot of the chin, just 
under the upper lip. [Gr.'] 

Stitches in the chin as from needles (immediately). [Schrt.'] 
205. Spasmodic drawing in the chin and lower jaw (aft. 2 h.). 

In the articulation of the lower jaw, violent pricking as from 
needles. \_Schf't.~\ 

Severe tearing pain in the lower jaw on the right side. 

Toothache, tearing pain in the teeth of the lower jaw, in- 
creased by cold. \_Ap.] 

Pulsating, tearing pain in the upper back molars on the left 
side; in the afternoon. [Ap.~\ 
210. Gnawing pain in the molars of the upper jaw, then itching 
in the left ear, immediately after which the toothache starts again, 
in the afternoon. [^/>.] 

Dull (incipient) toothache on the left side of the upper jaw. 

Drawing pain in the lower incisors. [ WsL~\ 

Drawing stitches in the lower incisors which draw toward the 
left angle of the lower jaw (aft. i h.). \_Sc/irL] 

Dulness of the incisors of the lower jaw. [fl^/.] 
215. The front teeth feel too long and very sensitive in the evening 
(on 3d d.). [A^.] 

The gums are painful and the saliva tastes acrid (the first 
rod.). [A^^.]. 

Painfulness and bleeding of the gums. [Ap.] 

Swelling of the gums, with pains. l^p.~\ 

Bad smell from the mouth. [Ap.~\ 
220. Bad smell from the mouth earl}^ in the morning, attended 
with a fetid taste in the mouth. \_Fr. //.] 

Morbidly putrid smell from the mouth (on the 8tli-ioth d.). 

Acrid smell from the mouth as after horse-radish, but he docs 
not perceive it himself. [Ap.] 

Soreness in the whole of the inner mouth, especially in the 
palate (on 5th d.). [A^.] 


The palate feels sore, as though the skin had been pulled off, 
and is very sensitive (on ist d.). [A^^.] 
225. The tongue is sore. \_Ap.^ 

A small, painful ulcer b}^ the side of the frsenum of the tongue 
(on 9th d.). [Sdl.^ 

Whitish tongue set at its point with dirt,v yellow aphthae, with 
a sensation as if the skin would peel off, immediately after a meal 
(aft. 4h.). [6>.] 

The tongue coated white. [Lg-h. — Sc/i7i.^ 
Very pale tongue, thinly coated with white mucus. [Ap.~\ 
230. Yellow coating of the tongue on its back part (on yth-ioth d. ) . 

Slimy tongue. [Ap.~\ 

Fine'stitches in the tip of the tongue (aft. 4 h.). [Sc/irt'] 
Foam at the mouth. \Lerger, Memorab. vol. iii, 334.] 
Water gathers in the mouth (with pains in the abdomen) (on 

2dd.;. [A^^.] 

235 Flow of saliva from the mouth. 

Sometimes especially when raising, the head fluid saliva runs 
into his bronchia, causing violent vomiting. [ IVst.'] 

The saliva tastes very acrid (on first 10 d.). [A^.] 

Disagreeable taste in the mouth, with yellow-coated tongue 
( on 7th- 1 oth d. ) . \_Sdl. ] 

Insipid taste in the mouth. [ScJirt.'] 
240. Bitter taste in the mouth (on 12th d.). \_Sdl.'] 

lyack of thirst, absence of thirst. [SdL'] 

Thirst, in the afternoon (on 2d d.). [A^.] 

Want of appetite. \_Ap.'] 

No appetite for eating, but for drinking. [^^/] . 
245. No taste for bread. \_Ap.'] 

Great hunger but no appetite, also in the morning. \_Ap.'] 

Great desire for food, often bordering on a ravenous appetite 
(4th-8thd.). ISdl.l^ 

For several da^^s he suddenh^ gets hungr}^ when he swallows 
his food hastily and with great eagerness. \_Ap.'] 

Increased appetite toward evening, he feels as if he could not 
be satiated; and he swallows his food hastily and eagerly, as if 
ravenous (aft. 8 h.). [Lgh.'] 
250. Toward evening he is suddenly seized with a ravenous hunger, 
with perspiration over the whole bod}^, great weariness and tremb- 
ling of the limbs. \_Ap.'] 

After eating retching in the oesophagus and pressure in the 
stomach. \_Ap.'\ 

After dinner, pressure in the pit of the stomach with painful 
drawing and pressure in the eyeballs, distaste for work and indo- 
lent disposition (on loth d.). [Sdl.'] 

After supper, feverish shuddering. \_Ap.~\ 

Frequent eructation of mere air, as if from a deranged 
stomach (aft. j4 h.). \_Lg/i.^ 
255. Empty eructation. [Ap.^ 

Frequent empty eructations alternating with hiccup during 
the (customarjO vsmoking (aft. i h.). \_Lgh.'] 


Eructation with qualmishness in the stomach Taft. 3 h.). 

Eructation with the taste of the ingesta. [Ap.~\ 

Eructation with the taste of the ingesta, early in the morning. 
iFr. H.-\ 
260. Heartburn. 

Hiccup, immediately after taking the medicine. \_Ap.~\ 

Hiccup, in the afternoon. \_Ap.'] 

Frequent hiccups (aft. 26 h. ). \_Lgh.'] 

A sense of nausea, rising even into the mouth. 
265. Nausea soon after taking the medicine. \_Sdl.~\ 

Nausea with colicky pains. [Ap.'] 

Nausea and inclination to vomit (aft. 2 h.). [Schrt.'] 

Nausea immediately after a meal, alleviated by eructations. 

Pressure in the stomach with inclination for stool. \_Ap.'\ 
270. Pressure at the cardiac orifice. [ Wst.'] 

Pressive pain in the region of the upper left border of the 
stomach, both while standing and walking (aft. 2 h.). [Ap.'] 

Oppressive heaviness in the stomach. {^Ap.~\ 

Pressure in the scrobiculus cordis (ist and 9th d.). \_Sd/.~\ 

Pressure in the scrobiculus cordis, extending to the sternum. 

275. After breakfast, pressure in the pit of the stomach, which in 

the afternoon passes over into a burrowing in the epigastrium, 

which in the evening passes off with the discharge of flatus (on 

i6thd.). [Sdl.] 

Tensive pain in the stomach, extending to the left clavicle 
when respiring deeply, toward evening (on 9th d.). \_Sdl.~\ 

Spasmodic drawing in the region of the scrobiculus cordis, 
extending to the chest, toward evening (on 9th d.). [^Sdl.'] 

Spasmodic colicky cutting in the abdomen like cramps of the 
stomach, immediately under the diaphragm back toward the spine, 
while sitting (aft. I ^ h.). [IVst.] 

Pain in the region of the hypochondria and of the scrobiculus 
. cordis as if the viscera of the chest were being pressed in, more 

violent after meals. [6^r.] 
280. In the hypochondria on the left side of the last true rib, a 
pressive pain returning momentarily with a sensation on the cor- 
responding spot on the right side as if there were a pain from an 
old gun-shot wound (aft. 2 h.). [IVsL^ 

Acute throbbing pain under the left hypochondria, which 
often extends up to the third and fourth rib, in the afternoon ^on 
' 8th d.). [SdL] 

Dull pressure in the spleen in the evening in bed while 
lying, on the left side, diminished by turning ori the right side. 

Stitches under the short ribs on the left side during 

inspiration and especially while bending forward in sitting. [Crr.] 

In the region of the liver, sharp stitches as from needles. 

285. Dull stitches in the liver during inspiration. \_(>^.] 


hahnkmann's chronic diseases. 

Violent pain in the abdomen (aft. 4 h.). [I^ERGKR, 1. c.] 
Painful pressure in the lumbar region (aft. 2 h.). [JVsf.] 
Violently pressive pain in the region of the left kidney, at 
night, disturbing the sleep (on 12th d.). [5^/.] 

Pressure and fulness of the abdomen, after moderately eating 
of light food. [^/.] 
290. Troublesome fulness of the whole abdomen, making sitting 
and breathing difficult. [ Wst.'] 

Inflated abdomen. [Lerger, 1. c] 
Inflated abdomen. [^p.~\ 
Sensation of writhing in the abdomen. 
Writhing pain in the abdomen. [^/>.] 
295. Pinching in the abdomen. [^/.] 

Pinching under the navel with distention of the abdomen. 

Violent pinching of the abdomen with diarrhoea-like stools. 

[^/•] . . , 

Pinching and cutting in the epigastrium, m the evening (on 
9th d.). [Sd/.] 

Cutting in the umbilical region (aft. 2 h.). [I>F5A] 
300. Cutting pains in the abdomen, without stools. \_Ap.'\ 

Cutting in the abdomen, as from incipient diarrhoea, in the 
evening. [ Wst.'] 

Cutting, with flatus moving about in the bowels and dis- 
tention of the abdomen, only for a short time alleviated by eructa- 
tions and the discharge of flatus (aft. i h.). \_lVst.'] 

Cutting in the abdomen as after a purgative, followed by a 
fluid stool with diminution of the pains (on 2d d.). [A^.] 

Sensation in the abdomen as if diarrhoea were setting in. 
305. Dull and very painful stitches at the superior anterior process 
of the iliac bones. [_Gr.'\ 

A stitch on the right side next to the spine in the region of 
the right kidney (aft. >1 h.). [Wst.'] 

Simple pains in the inguinal region. [Wst.'^ 

Pain as from a sprain on the left side of the groin, only while 
walking (aft. 41^ h.). [Lgh.'] 

Troublesome itching of the hypogastrium with goose-skin, it 
lasts almost the whole night and only ceases in the morning after 
perspiration. [ Wst.'] 
310. Flatus moves audibly to and fro in the abdomen, \_Ap.~\ 

Growling, rumbling and rolling about in the abdomen. [Schrt.'] 

Loud growling in the abdomen early in the morning (on 2d 

d.). MA] 

lyoud rumbling in the belly (aft. >^ h.). [Fr. H.] 

Clucking in the epigastrium. \Gr^ 
315. lyoud gurgling in the bowels, deep down. \Ap^ 

Loud painless din, like far off thunder, in the belly, with a sen- 
sation as if a stool were coming, in the evening. \_Ap^ 

Restlessness in the abdomen as if urging to stool, with the 
passage of frequent flatus with hardly any smell. 

Passage of much flatus. \Fr. H and Lgh.] 

Passage of flatus with sensation as in diarrhoea. [Ap.] 


320. Frequent passage of fetid flatus. [_Ap.^ 

Flatus smelling of garlic. [Ap.^ 

When flatus passes, itching in the rectum (on 6th d.). \_Sdl.'\ 

The whole day a constant sensation in the bowels as if there 
should be a stool, which having been passed copiously in the 
morning only ensues again late in the evening, [_Ap.'\ 

Constipation for two days. \_Sdl.'] 
325. After several days' constipation, a solid stool. {ApJ] 

Stools are passed every other day and are solid. [Ap.~\ 

The stool, which before that came daily, is lacking for three 
da3^s and then is solid. \j4p.'] 

Stool of very hard faeces. \_Ap.'] 

Hard dark-colored evacuations (on 3d d.). [Sdl,'] 
330. Knotty stool at night after violent colicky pains, with subse- 
quent severe tenesmus and urging to stool without effect (on 3d d. ) . 

First a knotty stool and after a quarter of an hour a watery 
stool with violent colicky pains, fermentation in the abdomen and 
great nausea. [Ap ] 

First a solid stool, then a pappy stool and a short time after a 
diarrhoea-like evacuation. [Ap.'] 

Colic followed by a knotty stool, then diarrhoeic, early in the 
morning (on 2d d. ). [Ap.] 

Soft stools, after the previous usual morning stool had properly 
been passed [Schrt.] 
335. Soft, pap-like stool, every day. [Ap.] 

The evacuations become pappy (on 6th d.). [SdL] 

Passage of a large quantity of pappy stool (aft. 12-38 h.). 

Watery stool with violent colic and urging, early in the morn- 
ing (on 3d d.). [Ap.] 
340. Diarrhoeic stools with violent pinching in the abdomen, 
early in the morning (on 2d d.). [Ap.] 

Five consecutive passages of fluid, yellow faeces with pinching 
in the hypogastrium and passage of flatus without smell. [AJ^.] 

Stools of diarrhoea with passage of much flatus (^aft. 
6h.). lAp.-] 

Slimy diarrhoea with much flatus. [Fr. H.] 

Passage of mucus in the stool with flatus. [Fr. H.] 
345. Before and during the stool, violent pinching and cutting in 
the abdomen. [Ap.] 

During the diarrhoeic stool, painful drawing inward of the 
stomach and belly. [A^.] 

During and after the stool, itching in the anus (on ^^d and 4th 
d.). [Sdl.] 

After the stool, belly-ache, as from poison, early in the morn- 
ing (on 7th, 9th d.). [Ap] 

After the stool, gurgling in the belly. [Ap.] 
350. In the anus tickling itching, compelling scratching (^aft. -^4 h. \ 


Itching and creeping in the anus. [/[>/.] 

Creeping in the anus (aft. 3 h. ). [Schrf.] 



Prickling in the anus, as from worms. [5^/.] 

Urging to urinate, with very little discharge of urine (aft. ^ 

^•^ ^^^^'■'^ ■ ■ ...... 

355. Repeated urgmg to urniate, with copious discharge 01 urme, 

while the penis is completely relaxed (aft. 4 h.). \Lgh^ 

Frequent micturition. [_Ap?^ 

Frequent micturition, though she had drunk but little (on 
4th d.). [A^^-.] 

Scanty emission of urine, without increase in quantity. 


Diminution of the urine and rare emission of the same. \Ap^ 

360. The urine is discharged slowly with a feeble stream, at times 

only drop by drop; he often has to bear down to hasten the flow. 


The urine sometimes stops for a few moments and then sets 
in again. S^Ap^ 

Retention of the urine. \Ap^ 

Scanty, reddish urine (on ist, 2d d.). [5^/.] 

Clear, lemon-yellow urine. \Ap^^ 
365. In urinating, a spasmodic drawing in the left inguinal region 
(aft. 3d.) \Wstr[ 

In the orifice of the urethra, creeping and itching (aft. 2 h.). 

A stitch in the urethra, as if a red-hot steel was pushed 
through (aft. 3 h.). \Wstr^ 

Sensation in the urethra as if he had not finished urinating. 

Sensation in the urethra as if a drop of cold urine was passing 

through. \Wst:\ 
370. Discharge of viscid, glutinous mucus from the urethra. 


Itching in the hairs of the pudenda. [Ap.~\ 

In the penis a quickly passing, voluptuous itching. [ lVst'\ 

Tickling itching of the border of the prepuce, compelling him 

to rub it (aft. 5 h.). [Lg-k.] 

Tickling itching of the scrotum compelling him to rub it, 

while sitting (aft. 12 h.) \_Lo-/i.^ 
375. Drawing in the testicles with discomfort, awkwardness and 

sleepiness, in the evening. 

Spasmodic drawing in the left testicle and spermatic cord. 

lyong continued erections (ist night). lSdl.~\ 
Stiffness of the penis, early in the morning. {^Sc/irL~\ 
Frequent ercetions, also in the night. \_Ap.^ 
380. Pollutions (ist night). [Sd/.] 

Nocturnal effusion of seed without lascivious dreams. [Z-^/?.] 
Great dislike of all sexual intercourse. ISchrt'] 
Excitement of the sexual instinct. [Ap.'] 
After the siesta, uncontrollable desire in the sexual organs for 

seminal emission, and after the emission, pressive tension under 

the ribs without any indications of flatulence. 


385. Great inclination for coition, while the penis is relaxed. 

When desiring coition in the evening, he could, in spite of all 
exertions, produce no erection and had to desist; in the night 
following, a copious pollution. [Sc/uf.'] 

In spite of strong excitation, no voluptuous sensation during 
coition, [.-if/.] 

During coition, a copious emission of semen followed by a very 
long sleep. [.-^/.] 

Very tardy emission of seed during coition. [Ap.'] 
390. Deficient emission of seed during coition, with subsequent 
exhaustion of the body. [Ap.^ 

After every coition great weariness for several days, \_Ap.'] 

Strong nocturnal perspiration after every act of coition, with 
general exhaustion of the body for several days. \_Ap.'] 

After coition he is so much affected that he perspired violently 
for cwo nights, with burning itching of the skin, first on the upper 
part of the chest and the shoulders, then also on the abdomen and 
the arms. [_Ap.'] 

Tickling itching on the female pudenda. \^Ap.~\ 
395. Stronger flow of the menses. \Pr. H.'] 

Sneezing without catarrh. [Ap.~\ 

Frequent sneezing without coryza (aft. 12, 22 h.). [Lgh.'] 

Frequent sneezing, always twice in succession (on ist d.). 

Repeated sneezing immediately after taking the medicine. 

400. Early in the morning repeated severe sneezing while in bed. 

Dryness of the nose. \_Ap.'\ 

Dryness of the nose, with sensation of coryza. \_Ap,'] 

Constant dryness of the nose only once or twice a day two or 
three drops of water flow down. \_Ap.'] 

Frequent dropping of clear water from the nose, w^ith- 
out coryza. \_Ap.'] 
405. While stooping down, clear water drops from the nose. \_Ap.^ 

After snuf&ng a little tobacco, there immediately follows a 
copious flow of viscid mucus from the nose. [_Ap.'] 

Copious discharge of thick mucus from the nose on blowing 
it (aft. 5d.). [,4p.-] 

Dry white mucus in small quantities in the nose, with a 
frequent sensation as if it contained much mucus. [.//>.] 

Coryza, in the afternoon. [W^y/.] 
410. Sudden coryza with sneezing. \^Wst.'] 

Coryza wath stopping of the nose, especially while stooping- 
down (on 7th d.). [No-.'\ 

Dry coryza. \_Sch?t.'\ 

Fluent coryza. [_Ap.'] 

Hoarseness and roughness of the throat. \_Schrf.'] 


415. Upon slightly hawking, small balls of mucus are detached. 

Expectoration of small flakes of mucus or firm pellets 
of mucus, almost without any cough. [Ap.'] 

Irritation to cough [_Ap.'] 

Often returning tickling irritation in the bronchia, causing a 
slight cough. \_Ap.'] 

Frequent cough after meals, without expectoration. [Ap.^ 
420. A dry cough after dinner, while sitting down, disturbs his 
after-dinner nap. \_Ap.'\ 

Breath very short. 

Very short breath and asthma, while walking slowly. [_Ap.'] 

She must often stop in walking in order to take breath. \_Ap.^ 

Difficult breathing (aft. 8 d.) iAp,'\ 
425. Dif&cult breathing as if the cavity of the thorax were sur- 
charged with blood (aft. 4 h.). \_Gr.'] 

Tightness of the chest. \_Ap'] . 

Severe constriction of the chest. [Ap.~\ 

Her chest feels so constricted that she must stop quickly when 
she tries to take a slow and deep breath. [_Ap.~\ 

Constriction which draws her chest together tightly; she must 
take breath often and deeply, which renders walking difficult for 
her. lAp.'] 
430. Constriction of the chest in the region of the diaphragm, 
attended with a painful drawing (aft. }^ h. ). [J>F^^.] 

Constriction of the chest, with strong throbbing of the blood- 
vessels for I or 2 days. \_Sdl.^ 

Sensation of constriction in the region of the heart, as if the 
cavity of the thorax was contracted. \Gr.'] 

Tightness of the chest. [Ap.~\ 

Pains in the lower part of the chest, especially in the region 
of the scrobiculus cordis, as if the viscera of the chest were being 
pressed together, aggravated after meals. [Gr.'] 
435. Painful pressure on the middle of sternum, worse while in- 
spiring (aft. 2^ h.). \_Gr.'] 

Tension in the lower part of the chest, while moving and 
while sitting, so that it takes the breath away. \_Ap.'] 

Stitches in the region of the lungs, soon passing away. \_Ap.'] 

Stitching pain in the middle of the chest. [ Wst.'] 

Stiches in the chest below the paps (aft. 14 and 30 h. ). [G?.'\ 
440. Fine stitches in the left side of the chest where the ribs cease, 
while sitting with the chest bent forward. \_Gr.'] 

Stitches, while inspiring, in the left side of the chest where the 
ribs cease. [<^^^] 

Pinching pain m the left part of the chest obliquely down- 
ward to the navel. [^Fr. H.'] 

Pain as from a sprain in the interior of the chest, which 
increases especially while taking a deep breath; in the evening 
(on 9th d.). lSdl.\ 

Burning pain in the left half of the chest (on 3d d.). [Sdl.'] 
445. Fine burning and prickling on various parts of the chest, 
especially on the sternum (aft. i h.). \_Gr.'\ 


Palpitation while standing, very painful. [IVstl 

Pulsating sore pain in particular small spots on the chest, 

especially on the right half; at night and also in daytime (aft. 

14 d.). [Sd/.] 

Itching, externally on the chest, passing over into burning. 

Burning itching on the chest (and in the back). [_Ap.~\ 
450. On the nipples, violent itching. \_Ap.'\ 

Burning itching and pimples on the left nipple. \_Ap.'] 
Copious perspiration on the chest at night. [Ap.^ 
On the left side of the coccyx, an itching corrosion. [6^r.] 
Itching inciting, to scratching, on the left tuberosity of the 
ischium. \Gr.'\ 
455. When he sits down, the parts on which he sits feel as if 
bruised or as if he had been sitting on them a long time. \_Gr.'\ 

In the left, nates violent tearing pain with sensation of cold- 
ness, very severe while sitting, less severe when rising and walk- 
ing (for 8 days). [_Ap.'] 

Drawing tearing in the left nates; it wakes him in bed at 
night out of his sleep. \_Ap.'] 

Carbuncle on the right part of the nates. [Schrt.'] 
In the small of the back, when rising after having been sitting, 
a violent pain which hinders him in rising and also impedes the 
motion of the thighs. \_Ap.']_ 
460. Violent pain in the small of the back while sitting and lying, 
alleviated by motion (on ist and 3d d. ). \Sdl.~\ 

He feels bruised in the small of the back, especially while 
standing. [W<?/.] 

Pain as from a sprain in the region of the small of the back on 
the left side (on 6th and 8th d.). Isdl.'] 

Violent jerking pain in the small of the back, in raising the 
thigh while sitting. \_Ap.'] 

Pain in the back as after long continued stooping. [ Wst.'] 
465. When rising from sitting, and straightening the bod}^ stiffness 
in the back with violent pain in the left loin, which prevents his 
straightening himself; while sitting he feels no pain, and can turn 
himself to every side without pain. [Ap.'\ 

Spasmodically pressive, drawing pain, lasting for several 
hours, starting from the back, seemingly in the middle of the chest 
in the oesophagus; in the afternoon (on 5th and 7th d.). \_SdL'] 

Pressive boring pain, in the middle of the back (on 2d d."). 

Spasmodic painful jerks in the left side of the back. [[['sV.] 
Tearing pain now on the right side, now on the left of the 
lumbar vertebrae, while walking. [Ap.^ 
470. Tearing between the shoulders, frequent (on 4tli d.). [A>.] 
Lancinating pain between the shoulders (on 2d d.) [-^^C•] 
Bruised feeling in the muscles of the back, [[f;^7.] 
Bruised feehng in the muscles of the back, they feel too short 
when he bends forward; in the morning after a good night's sleep, 
as well while lying in bed as also later while sitting down, two days 
in succession. [^Wst.'] 


Bruised feeling in the region of the loins, especially while 
lying and sitting. \_Sdi.^ 
475. Pain as from a bruise or a sprain in the whole back, with an 
inclination to stretch it (on 3d and 4th d.). [Sd/.'] 

Weakness of the muscles of the back ; he finds it difficult 
to sit straight without leaning against something. lGr.~\ 

In bending the spine aches as if it were too weak to support 
the weight of the body. [Gr.^ 

Paralytic pain as from weakness back in the loins, aggravated 
by walking and standing (aft. 12 h.). [_Gr.^ 

Sensation of parah'sis along the lumbar vertebrae, immediately 
above the border of the os ilium; this hinders him in walking 
when he has risen. [Ap.^ 
480. Quivering in the muscles of the right lumbar region, in the 
evening (on 9th d.). [^Sdl.~\ 

Tickling itching on the back. \_Ap.'] 

Burning itching on the back. \_Ap.~\ 

In the muscles of the nape of the neck pain, as from a sprain, 
as if from lying on the back (aft. 32 h.). [Lg/i.^ 

Bruised feeling in the muscles of the nape; they feel too short 
when bending forward ; early in the morning w^hile lying abed and 
later while sitting. [f-F^/.] 
485. Stiffness in the neck (aft. 2 h.). [SdL] 

Between the neck and the shoulders, suddenly a violent pres- 
sure. \_G7\'\ 

In the shoulder-joint, rheumatic drawing with weakness of the 
whole arm (on 15th d. ). [6"^/.] 

The arms feel bruised. [^/.] 

No strength in the arms. [Ap.'] 
490. Painful weariness of the arms. [Ap.^ 

He has often to change the position of his arms to relieve the 
pains in them. [Ap.'] 

Itching on the arms. [A p.] 

Pimples with burning itching, of the size of millet, on 
the arms. [Ap.'] 

The upper arms are painful to the touch. [Ap.] 
495. Tearing on the left upper arm. [Ap.] 

Fine sharp stitches in front on the head of the risrht humerus. 

Burning on the upper arm, above the left elbow. [Gr.] 

The upper arm feels lame from much writing. [G?\] 

Tickling itching, urging him to scratch, on the point of the 
left elbow (aft. 3 h.). [Lgh.] 
500. In the fore-arm a dull but very severe pain. [Ap.] 

Violent rheumatic pains in the whole left fore-arm, extending 
into the thumb while resting; in the afternoon. [A p.] 

Tearing in the right fore-arm. [A p.] 

Tearing in the left fore- arm, in the bone of the elbow, while 
at rest. [A p.] 

Twitching and quivering on the upper surface of the right 
fore-arm, extending to the ball of the thumb. [A^g.] 



505. Burning pain on the front side of the left fore-arm, near to the 
wrist, as if from a burn. ^Gr.'] 

Burning itching on the right fore-arm, compelHng him to 
scratch; after scratching, there appear white lumps as large as 
millet, while the skin scales off like bran. {Ap.'Y 

In the hand, dull pain in the metacarpal bone of the left 
middle finger. \Ap^ 

Drawing pains in the metacarpal bones of the left hand 

Tearing in the carpus of the left hand. [^/.] 
510. The left hand goes to sleep at night even up to the middle of 
the fore-arm (on 5th d.). [A^.] 

Trembling of the hands. \^Ap.'\ 

Trembling of the hands as if from old age, when he moves the 
hands or when he holds something in them (aft. i^ h.). \Lgh^^ 

Tickling itching on the right carpus, compelling him to scratch 
(aft. i>^ h.) ]Z,^/^.] 

Tickling itching compelling him to scratch, in the right palm 
(aft. 7h.). \_Lgh:\ 
515. Itching, redness and burning on the hands as if they 
were frozen. \Gr?^ 

Inflamed pimples of the size of a grain of millet on the 
back of the left hand. \Ap.'\ 

In the index-finger of the right hand, drawing. \Ap^ 

Tearing between the thumb and index finger of the right 
hand. \Gr^ 

Violent tearing in the right middle finger (aft. 23 h.). \Gr,'\ 
520. Tearing in the lower joints of the fingers of the left hand, 
where they join with the metacarpal bones, without any reference 
to motion (aft. i h.). \_Gr7\ 

Jerking tearing in the last two fingers of the right hand. 

Cramp-like pain in the ball of the right thumb while writing 
(aft. 1-8 h.). ILgh.'X 

Cramp-like pain in the ball of the left thumb; while standing 
and walking, disappearing in sitting (aft. 6 h.). \Lgh^ 

Burning and formication in the index of the right hand as if a 
paronychia were forming, after some days this is followed by fre- 
quent numbness of the finger and great long-continued sensitive- 
ness of the same to cold. [ Wst^ 
525. Titillating itching, inciting him to scratch, on the ball of the 
right thumb (aft. 8 h.). {Lgh.'\ 

Titillating itching as from freezing on the inner border of the 
right index (aft. 5 h.). [Z^/^.] 

Itching, redness and burning of the fingers as after freez- 
ing. \Gr?\ 

Pain in the hips for twenty-four hours; this is not felt pain- 
fully while sitting, but very much so in walking. [TO/.] 

Pains in the legs (of almost all kinds), arising nearly al- 

1 See note to symptom 129. These pimples only lasted an \\o\\x.— Hughes. 


ways while sitting and standing, more seldom while walk- 
ing; they diminish and pass off through motion. [Ap.'j 
530. Tearing in the legs, constant while sitting, improved by mo- 
tion. [Ap.] 

Great weariness of the legs, he knows not how to rest them. 

Weakness of the (feet) legs; they are so weak while stand- 
ing, that the body is constantly in a wavering motion. [Gr.'] 

He can hardly lift his legs for weariness and heaviness. \_Ap.'] 

Great heaviness in the legs. \_Ap.'] 
535. Hea\-iness in the legs, as if tired out and broken down. 

The legs go to sleep as soon as he crosses them. \_Ap.'] 

In the thighs, violent pain while crossing them. [Ap.'] 

Pressive pain as from a peg driven in on the exterior side of 
the thigh above the knee. \_G)\^ 

Painful pressure in the left thigh. [ Wst.'] 
540. Rheumatic drawing in the external side of both thighs, in 
walking after sitting. [ Wst.'} 

Constant paralytic drawing in the left thigh down to the 
knee, both in rest and in motion; in the afternoon. [ Wst.'] 

Drawing tearing in the right thigh while crossing it over the 
left; this passes away again while stretching it (aft. i h.). [^Lgh.] 

Tearing at the head of the left femur, which disturbs the 
night's rest. \_Ap.'\ 

Tearing just below the lesser condyle of the femur. \_Ap.'] 
545. Tearing in the right thigh, in walking and sitting. \_Ap.] 

Tearing with sensation of coldness on the posterior side of the 
left thigh. lAp.} 

Tearing which excites a feeling of numbness in the whole 
thigh, from the joint of the left thigh down to the knee. \_Ap.'] 

Painful weariness of the thigh. \_Ap.'] 

The thighs are painful as after great foot-tours. {^Ap.} 
550. Painful lameness of the left thigh. [ Wst.} 

Paralytic pain in the right thigh, especially while walking; 
the thigh feels as if too heavv and as if a load lay upon it (aft. 
8h.). [_Gr.'] 

Corrosive itching on the anterior side of the left thigh. [Gr.~\ 

Itching pimple on the thigh above the left knee, with violent 
burning while scratching it. [ Wst.} 

The knee-joints pain early in the morning after rising from 
bed, while sitting down. \^Ap.} 
555. The pain in the knees increases while sitting and diminishes 
and passes away while walking. [Ap.} 

Drawing in the left knee. [Ap.} 

Drawing in both knee-joints at the same time. {Ap.} 

Tearing in the right knee-joint while standing and sitting. 

Constant boring, tearing in the right knee while sitting. 
560. Jerking on the inner side of the right knee. \Ap.} 


Stitches as from needles above the left hough (aft. 36. h.). 


Sudden giving way of the left knee while walking; in the 
afternoon, [f^j?/.] 

Pain as from a sprain in the left knee while walking. lAp.~\ 

Painful lameness in the left hough. [ IVs^.^ 
565. In the legs the pain increases while standing, so that he is 
soon compelled to walk or to sit down, and this pain begins when 
he has onl}^ stood a minute. [^/.] 

The pain in the tibia increases and is constant while sitting, 
but passes off while walking. \_Ap.'] 

Pressure as from a bruise on the inner side of the muscles of 
the calves while sitting; somewhat alleviated by standing and by 
touching these parts, but the pain becomes more severe again after 
sitting down (aft. 2 h.). \_Lgh.'] 

Drawing pain in the leg, from the right knee to the toes while 
sitting. \_Ap.'] 

Painful drawing on the posterior side of the left leg, down 
from the calf, passing off while walking; in the afternoon. \^Wst.'] 
570. Drawing, tearing in the right tibia. [Ap.'] 

Tearing in the leg, down to the lower point of the tibia. [_Ap.~\ 

Tearing in the left tibia. lAp.^ 

Tearing in the exterior surface of the right calf, while sitting 
down (on ist d.). [A^.] 

Violent stitch on the exterior side of the calf (aft. 2 h. ). 

575. Fine stitches on the inside of the right leg and toward the 
tibia. [Gr.^ 

Bruised pain in the legs. [^ApJ] 

Pains in the legs as if from exhaustion, after passing through 
typhoid fevers. [Ap.'\ 

Heaviness in the calves. 

Burning with pressure, on the upper part of the tibia below 
the knee. \_Gr.'\ 
580. Sensation on the upper part of the tibia and on the head of the 
fibula as if a warm hand was laid upon them. \_Gr.'\ 

Burning itching on the legs in the evening, while undressing, 
with a desire to scratch, and increased burning afterwards: the 
skin becomes dry and cracks easily for five weeks and after that 
time it peels off. [ Wst.'] 

Burning itching, inciting to scratch, on the left leg, with little 
white knots as large as millet grains after scratching; these scale 
off like bran. [_Ap.Y 

On the left foot a tearing pressure on the inner side of the 
ankle, while sitting (aft. 35 h.) \_Lgh.'] 

Tearing in the hollow of the right foot, while sitting. [-//'.] 
585. Tearing in the soles of the feet, while walking. [•-//>•] 

I^ancinating pain on the outside of the left ankle (^ while sit- 
ting) (aft. 5h.). ILgh.-] 

Fine stitches in the dorsum of the right foot. [Gr.\ 

^ As in symptom 506. 


Stitches in the lower surface of the heel, while sitting. [ApJ] 
Violent stitches in the middle of the left foot, beginning at the 
ankles, while resting. [^/.] 
590. Stitches in the lower surface of the first and second meta- 
tarsus. \_Ap.'\ 

Cramp in the sole of the foot, at night. [Ap.~\ 
Pain in the heels as if bruised, while standing. \_Gr.~\ 
Heaviness and relaxed state of the feet. [ Wst.'\ 
Corrosive itching on the dorsum of the right foot. \_Gr.'] 
595. Corrosive itching on the interior side of the left ankle. [6^?^.] 
Drawing in the toes of the left foot. [Ap.^ 
Drawing tearing on the lower side of the big toe of the right 
foot, while sitting. [_Ap.'] 

Tearing in the ball of the big toe of the left foot, frequent 
(aft. 2dd.). \_Ng.'\ 

Twitching in the ball of the big toe of the left foot (on ist d.). 

600. Painful jerking in the left big toe. [ApJ] 

Stitches in the toes while resting. \_Ap.'] 

Sharp stitches in the toes of the left foot, while standing (aft. 
%K). \_Lgh.-] 

Stitches, where there was formerly a corn. 

Painful, dull stitches in the last three toes of the right foot 
(aft. 20 h). [Gr.] 
605. Burrowing pain in the toes of the right foot. [Ap.'] 

Soreness of the httle right toe as if from tight shoes (aft. 6. 
h.). iLgh.-] 

Soreness on the corn of the second toe of the left foot, as if 
from a tight shoe (aft. 3 h). \_Lgh.'\ 

Tickling itching inciting to scratch, on the toes, as if they 
were frozen (aft. 11 h.). \_Lgh.'] 

Itching, burning and redness of the toes, as if they had 
been frozen. [6^r.] 
610. The skin of the whole body itches. [Ap.'] 

The herpes extends. [Ap.] 

All parts of the body are painfully sensitive; if any part is 
only Hghtly pressed, it pains for a long time. [Gr.] 

Spasmodic pains in the muscles of the whole body, here and 
there, now in the upper, then in the lower limbs, while sitting. 

Tearing of different long bones, especially at their extremities. 

615. Stitches as of needles in various parts of the body (aft. >^ h ) 

Fine pricking and burning in various parts of the body (aft. 
I h.). [Gr.] 

Drawing pain, now in the right upper arm, then in the left 
knee-jonit;^ now in the right, then in the lett thigh. [Ap.] 

The ailments are w^ont to appear simultaneously in various 
parts, especially on both halves of the body above the small of the 
back. [Ap ] 


While sitting down, pains of various kinds simultaneously in 
all parts of the bod}^ \_Ap:\ 
620. While sitting, boring pains in the whole head, the thighs, 
and the tibial and tarsal bones, with sleepiness and relaxed state 
of the whole body. {Ap^ 

He feels most comfortable while walking very slowly. \_Ap.~\ 

Convulsions. [VoiGTEiy, A. M. L. vol. ii, part 2, p. 352.] 

Several spasms quickly following each other in the back part 
of the chest right across, then in the epigastrium and afterward in 
the hypogastrium, especially on the right side, with a sensation as 
if there was a shaking through the whole body; while standing in 
the evening. \_Ap.~\ 

Concussion of the nerves. \_Pharmakol. Lex., vol. i, p. 74.] 
625. Convulsions. [Murray, Apparat. Medic, v, 557.] 

Epilepsy. [Murray, ibid.] 

The epileptic attacks become more violent and follow in 
shorter intervals, with an epileptic patient.^ \Ap'\ 

With two epileptic patients the attacks become more violent 
and return at shorter intervals, but soon the intervals are length- 
ened and the attacks become extremel}^ mild.^ \Ap^ 

Uncomfortable feeling of disease in the whole body. {_Ap.~\ 
630. Weakness and painful sensitiveness in all the limbs, with 
pains in the heels when standing. [6^r.] 

Lack of strength of all parts. [Fr. H.'] 

Marked lack of strength. \Ap.'] 

Great lassitude and staggering gait (shortly). [Sdl.'] 

Sensation of trembling in the whole body (aft. i h.). [Sdl.'] 
635. Trembling. [VoiGTKiv, ibid., Pharniakol. Lex., ibid.] 

Anxious trembling with weariness. [Ap.] 

Lassitude (aft. 12-16 h.). [Murray, ibid.] 

Lassitude and heaviness in the limbs. [Pr. H.~\ 

Heaviness in the whole body, especially in the calves. 
640. Painful weariness in the arms and legs. [_Ap.~\ 

After a short walk his arms feel as if bruised next day. [Ap.] 

The long bones of the upper and lower limbs, as also all the 
joints, feel as if bruised after any exercise, with painfulness of the 
muscles when touched. \_Ap.'] 

After a short, brisk walk, great weariness. \_Ap.] 

When ascending a little eminence, he feels faint, with copious 
perspiration. [Ap.] 
645. In bed, he knows not what position to take, for sheer weari- 
ness. [Ap.] 

In the morning, weariness. \_Ap.\ 

Frequent yawning. [Ap.] 

Yawning, stretching and extending the limbs (^aft. 1 h.). 

Frequent yawning, as if he had not done sleeping (^aft. j^ 

h.). [A?-/'-] 

650. Frequently repeated yawning, so violent as to make hnn 

1 627, 628, from the 12th and 30th potency, respectively.— //"//^//ri-. 


giddy, in the morning, while walking in the open air (at once). 

Frequent 3'awning with sleepiness, so that he can hardly keep 
from falling asleep; in the forenoon. \_Ap.'] 

Sleepy and tired, the whole da3\ [Ap.'] 

Irresistible sleepiness, compelling him to lie down. \_Wst.'] 

Sleepiness with heaviness of the head (at once). \^Sc/irt.'] 
655. Sleepiness, at once in the morning, one hour after rising. 

In the forenoon, while reading, he could not keep from going 
to sleep. \_Ap.'] 

After dinner irresistible sleepiness. \_Ap.'] 

Despite of great sleepiness in the forenoon, he cannot go to 
sleep. [Ap.^ 

With great and tired somnolence, he could not sleep during 
the day on account of the abundance of ideas. \_Ap.'] 
660. After dinner sleep oppressed his eyes, and yet the pain 
and uneasiness in his legs would not allow him to go to 
sleep. [Ap.'] 

So sleep}^ at 8 o'clock in the evening that he had to go to bed> 
while a peculiar apprehension that some one might disturb him 
did not allow him to go to sleep for a whole hour, after Avhich he 
slept almost till morning. \_Schrt.'\ 

When he went to bed in the evening, being very sleep}^, he 
yet could not go to sleep on account of uneasiness in his body 
and weariness in his legs; so again later, after having been waked 
up by a dream. \_Ap.'] 

After a good sleep, he yet was not refreshed, and rose without 
desiring to do so. \_Ap.'] 

He had to compel himself to rise in the morning. \_Ap.'\ 
665. After a two hours' nap after dinner, he could not become wide 
awake. [A p.'] 

Uneasy sleep (the ist-3d nights). [Sdl.'] 

Uneasy sleep, broken by awaking several times. [ Wst.'] 

Frequent waking up at night (on 5th d.). [A^.] 

He often awakes at night, becomes wide awake, but falls 
asleep again after a while. \_Ap.'] 
670. Frequently waking up at night, as if he had done sleeping. 

Frequent, anxious awaking at night. [Sdl.'] 

Waking up at night, with violent urging to urinate, with 
copious micturition (aft. igh. ). [Lgh.'] 

She is waked up soon after going to sleep by a spasmodic 
cough lasting 10 minutes, with a painful tickling in the larynx 
and down the throat. [ Wst.'] 

He wakes up in the night from a feeling of coldness in the 
whole of the left leg. [ Wst^ 
675. Light sleep with many dreams and ever changfingr imasfes. 

Sleep interrupted by anxious dreams. \_Ap.] 

Internal disquiet in bad dreams which he cannot recollect. 


without an}^ movement of the body; on awaking all unrest had 

Frequent awaking through vexatious dreams. [^^.] 

Dreams of a disagreeable nature often wake him at night from 
sleep. [A p.] 
680. Vivid dreams parti}' pleasant, partly disagreeable. [^^/^.] 

Chilly shivers through the whole night. lAp.~\ 

Shivers over the whole body (aft. lo min.). [6^r.] 

A shiver runs through the body from above downwards. [Gr.'] 

Ver3' sensitive to cool air. \_Ap.'] 
685. The least sensation of cool air causes goose-skin. \_Ap.'] 

Much inclined to chilliness. \_Ap.'] 

As soon as he comes into the open air or raises the cover of 
his bed at night he is chilly. [Ap.'] 

Great internal chilliness. \_Ap.\ 

Almost constant chilliness, he cannot get warm, especially in 
the morning in his room. [ Wst.'] 
690. A chill runs over him, down his left leg to the foot. [/^K?A] 

Chill in the back, as if cold water were running down, when 
he leans his back against his chair. \_Ap.^ 

Ver}' chilly in the evening.^ \_Ap.'] 

In evening when Iving down, shaking chill for ten minutes. 

In the evening, a long-continued chill which increases to 
shaking.^ [-'^/•] 
695. Every evening a feverish chill without thirst and without sub- 
sequent heat. \_Ap.'] 

Shaking chill, when he lifts his bed-covers. [Ap.] 

Shaking chill with yawning. \_Ap.'] 

Chill, while the face, hands and feet are warm. \_Ap.'] 

Violent chills, with shaking of the whole body and trembling 
of the hands while writing, while the hands are cold, but the face 
properly warm, without thirst or subsequent heat. \_Lgh.'] 
700. Warmth in the face and the whole upper body, in frequent 
flushes of 5-10 minutes. 

Increased warmth in the body at night. \_Ap.'] 

Violent attack of heat in the evening, so that the cheeks 
glow, while the hands are cold, with subsequent long-continued 
thirst without following perspiration (aft. 12 h.). [Lgh.~\ 

Heat at night, but as soon as she turns over or lifts the bed- 
cover she is chilled. [A p.] 

At night, continual heat, then perspiration. \_Lgh.'] 
705. Heat with perspiration, in repeated attacks the whole after- 
noon, with a dull headache without thirst; when putting on his hat 
in the evening, the heat and perspiration increase, with hurried 
respiration and great prostration. [Sclui.'] 

Perspiration after only moderate bodil}" exertion. \_Ap.] 

Perspiration while walking. [Ap.] 

^ See note to symptom 129, witli sleepiness.— ////,? //r^. 

2 See note to symptom 129, followed by symptom "jo^.— Hughes. 


Night-sweat during uneasy sleep/ \_Ap.~\ 

Small quick pulse of 80 beats, early in the morning. [Wst.l 

710. The pulse grows slower (aft. 2 h.). [Ap.] 

The pulse, at other times strong and full, becomes small, weak 
and hardly perceptible. [Ap.'] 

Weak, unequal, intermittent pulse. \_Ap.] 
The pulse is less intermittent in the morning. [Ap.'] 
After drinking cofFee, the pulse became less intermittent and 
rose from 50 up to 60 beats. [Ap.'] 

715. Undulating, weak, slow pulse. [Ap.] 



To secure quite pure clay, a matter of some difficulty, we may 
use the following process: Pure muriate of lime which has been 
thoroughly dried b}^ heating in a porcelain bowl is pulverized while 
still hot, and dissolved in as much alcohol as is required. Half 
an ounce of white Roman alum from Solfatara is dissolved in five 
parts of distilled water and to remove any adherent earth is filtered. 
The sulphuric acid contained in it is precipitated in the form of 
gypsum, by dropping in the alcoholic solution of muriate of lime 
until the solution of alum is no longer rendered turbid thereby. The 
clear watery fluid on top then contains muriate of alumina, from 
which this earth is precipitated by means of alcoholic spirits of am- 
monia. It is then well washed and then thoroughl}^ heated in order 
to completely remove the ammonia. The powder is then , while warm, 
preserved in a well-stoppered glass vial, and is pure alumina. One 
grain of this is then triturated in the well-known manner with thrice 
one hundred grains of sugar of milk. Through solution and further 
dilution mth alcohol, it is then brought to the decillionth potency, in 
the manner directed at the conclusion of the first volume with respect 
to dry medicinal substances. Alumina has proved itself an impor- 
tant antipsoric. 

It proved itself excellent when it was otherwise homoeopathically 
suitable to the case, when one or several of the following states were 

^See note to symptom 129, profuse and oily, not offensive, preceded by sympt. 6<^/[.— Hughes. 

* I am sorry to say the significance of the use of medicines as given in the 
preface to most of the remedies, and which have often been unreliably reported, 


Moroseness; anxiety; solicitude; timidity; dislike to work; diffi- 
culty in recollecting and reflecting; veytigo; headache as if the hair 
was pulled out, with nausea; pressure on the forehead; rush of 
blood to the eyes and nose, with epistaxis; itching of the forehead; 
heaviness of the face, i^Hg.) tumor-like swellings in the face, {Hg.) 
sensation of coldness in the ej^es, while walking in the open air; 
pressure, every evening, in the corner of the eye as from a grain of 
sand; closing of the eyes from pus, and lachrymation; buzzing be- 
fore the ear; redness of the nose; tearing, lancinating pain in the 
cheek-bone; dryness in the mouth; eructation; many years' tendency 
to rising from the stomach; acid risings; disordered appetite, now 
strong, now wanting; frequent nausea; pains in the scrobiculus 
cordis and the hypochondria while stooping; colic in the morning; 
inactivity of the rectum; itching of the anus; urinating at night; dis- 
charge of prostatic juice during difficult stools; excessive sexual de- 
sire; scanty menses; pains during the menses; leucorrhoea; proneness 
to frequent colds of many years' standing; coryza and cough; raw- 
ness in the throat; catarrh of the throat and of the chest; dyspnoea; 
asthma; cough; itching in the breasts; pain in the thyroid cartilage 
on touching it; palpitation of the heart; shocks of the heart; pai?is in 
the small of the back, while at rest; paralytic heaviness in the arm; 
pains in the arms, while they are hanging down or while they are 
stretched out in bed; stitches in the wrist while working; chapping 
and excoriation of the hands; paronychia; at night the legs go to 
sleep, are stiff and numb; painful weariness of the articulations of the 
feet while sitting; cold feet; burning sensation in the toes; twitching 
and trembling in the limbs; frequent stretching and extension of the 
limbs while sitting; disagreeable lack of vital warmth; ill effects of 
vexation; falling asleep late; the sleep is too light; dreamy sleep; 
stupor, unrefreshing sleep; chilliness in the evening; fever and ague, 
the chills appearing immediatel}^ after the warm soup at dinner-time. 

According to Bute, Bryonia is an antidote to the excessive fever- 
has been now and then misunderstood, having been regarded as determining 
the choice of remedies in the treatment of diseases (as indicatiofis)\ this they 
cannot and should not be; they are not names of diseases healed, but only of 
separate symptoms which, in treating a disease with the specified medicine, 
were either diminished or removed — ab usu. To use them otherwise is a de- 
ceptive procedure which we leave now as before to our allopathic step-brothers. 
They are, on the contrary, only to serve to furnish occasionally a little confinna- 
tion of the correct choice of the homoeopathic remedy, already found out from 
their pure peculiar medicinal effects, as indicated according to the siniiUirity of 
the symptoms of disease of the special case under consideration. 

1 88 hahnkmann's chronic diseases. 

effects of alumina. Others mention Chamomilla and Ipecacuanha as 

The abbreviations of the names of my fellow-pro vers are Hb. , Dr. 
Hartlaub, Sen.; Ng.;^ S., Dr. SchrHer; Tr., Dr. Trinks; Bte., Dr, 
H. G. Bute, of Philadelphia.^ 


Dejected and joyless; he only desires to be left alone, fore- 
noon (on 8th d.). [_Ng.'] 

(He is exuberantly merry.) 

Great changableness in his mental moods. 

Dejected as to his disease. 
5. He thinks that he cannot get well again. [5.] 

* By these two letters merely (a real anonymity) Hartlauh ^.n^LDr. Trinks 
designate a man who furnished the greatest number of symptoms in the prov- 
ings of medicines for their "• Annalen,'" which often appear in very negligent, 
diffuse and vague expressions. I could merely extract therefrom what was use- 
ful under the supposition that he has acted as an honest, careful man. But it is 
hardly to be excused that the Homoeopathic public should be expected to give 
absolute credit to an unknown person designated merely with the two letters 
N-g in this most important and serious work which requires circumspection, 
acuteness of the senses, subtle gift of observation and strict criticism of one's 
own sensations and perceptions, as well as a correct choice of expression, in 
prosecuting a work which is an indispensable foundation of our healing art.^ 

iThe pathogenesis of Alumina resemliles that of Agaricus, in appearing for the first time 
in the second edition, but being made up almost entirely of already published provings. 
Hahnemann's own symptoms maybe included in this description; for Hering writes {Guiding 
Symptoms sub voce): Hahnemann had proved the pure earth when Hartlaub and Trinks edited 
a collection of 975 symptoms, obtained from four provers," — the Hartlaub, Ng., Schreter and 
Trinks of the above list— "in their ArzneimiticUchrr in 1829. The year after, Hahnemann pub- 
lished his own observations in Stapfs Archiv, viz. 215 symptoms obtained from a much better 
preparation. Hartlaub simply purified his preparation by washing it, which never can sufl&ce, 
but Hahnemann subjected his to a red heat." Xo information is given as to the subjects and 
doses of his provings (if provings they were); but with Hartlaub and Trinks the ist trituration 
and 9th dilution were employed. Of the source of Bute's symptoms we have no information.— 

2 This note of Hahnemann has led to a good deal of mistrust of the symptoms of the 
anonymous observer in question, which has been increased by their exeessive number. Dr. 
Roth having counted more than eleven thousand in the several contributions to our Materia 
Medica made by him between 1828 and 1836. The same critic also says, that he has found great 
sameness in his pathogenetic lists. Dr. Hering, however (Allen's Encyclopsedia HI, 640) has 
explained why " Ng."— the surgeon Cajatan Nenning— had to keep his name concealed; and 
has shown that his symptoms were obtained by genuine provings on healthy subjects. Nen- 
ning himself has given in the Allg. horn. Zeitung for 1839 a similar account to explain the 
copiousness of his symptom lists. " A number of persons in part related to me and in part 
friendly (they were millinery pupils of his wife'sl were gathered together by me, and in con- 
sideration of board and payment, made experiments. Along with them were also my two 
daughters; and with complete reliance on the honesty of them all, I gave one medioine to one 
and another to another, writing down all that they reported. It was a matter of conscience on 
my part not to omit the smallest particular, and that thereby frequent repetitions have arisen, 
I grant readily, but I thought that just in that way the sphere of action of the medicine could 
be best recognized." — Hughes. 

AI.UMINA. 189 

Fancy paints to itself nothing but disagreeable, sad pictures 
(on istd.). [7>.] 

Sad thoughts constantly enter her mind, which compel her to 
weep, with restlessness and anxiety as if something bad would 
happen to her; whatever she looks at, fills her with sadness (on 

iithd.). [^^.] 

Involuntary moaning and groaning as if in great pain, with- 
out his knowing it. [-/5/^.] 

In the morning when awaking, as if depressed by sor- 
row, without clear consciousness. 
10. She looks at everything in the worst light, and weeps and 
cries for hours (on 2d d.). 

The boy falls into continuous "weeping against his wish, 
lasting ^ an hour. 

Anxiety with much restlessness, the whole day (on 2d. d.). 

Serious, anxious mood. 

Anxious, introverted, vexed mood. [7>.] 
15. Anxiety with stupid obtuseness in the head and pressure on 
the forehead (aft. 12 h.). [Ifd.'] 

Anxiety with external heat and restlessness, as if she had 
done something wicked. 

Anxiety and fearfulness, as if he had committed a cnme (on 
5th d.). [JVs-.-l 

Restlessness in the evening, as if evil was imminent. 

Anxiety with palpitation of the heart and pulsation in various 
parts of the chest and the abdomen (on 4th d.). [7>.] 
20. In the morning, anxiety as if he were to have an attack of 
epilepsy in a few hours. 

Apprehension of losing his thoughts, his reason. 

She cannot see blood nor a knife without horrible thoughts 
pressing in upon her, as if she should, e. g., commit suicide; 
though she has the greatest horror of it. 

Excited, over-worked, and yet discontented, because not 
enough had been done. 

Very timid, is startled at hearing the least thing fall. 
25. Varying moods through the day, now confidence, then again 

Discontented with everything, and as it were desperate. 

Cross and peevish; she mutters continually. \_S.~\ 

Ill-humored, nothing pleases him. [A^.] 

Cross and ill-humored, of which she is herself conscious; at 
I p. M. (on 1st d.). [Ng.'] 
30. Peevish mood (on ist d.). [7>.] 

Peevish and inclined to weep, with hot lobules of the ears 
(aft. 2d.). 

Extremely peevish and self-w^illed. 

She does not wish to do what others wish. 

She is extremely peevish, and everything is offensive to her; 
she only wishes to scold and to raise a fuss, in the afternoon (^011 
5th d.). INg.-] 


35. He laughs contemptuously at everything. 

Indisposition to every kind of occupation, and ennui, 
in the forenoon. 

Dislike to every occupation (on ist d.). [7>.] 

Indifference, distraction and peevishness. [7>.] 

Great absent-mindedness and irresolution (2d d.). [7>.] 
40. Inattention to what is read, the thoughts will not remain con- 
centrated on any subject (ist d.). [7>.] 

The thoughts are occupied with various subjects, without any 
of them remaining so as to be clearly recognized (4th d.). [7>.] 

He constantly makes slips of the tongue and uses other words 
than he desires. 

Lack of power of recollection and great weakness of memory. 

Striking forgetfulness. \_Bfe.^ 
45. Continuous great weakness of memory. 

Lack of memory for many weeks. \_Bte.'] 

Great forgetfulness. [^^.] 

Inabilit3^ to think connectedly. 

Dulness of mind. 
50. Inability and dislike to mental work. [^Bfe.'j 

Unbearable ennui, one hour seems to him as half a day. \Bte.'\ 

Everything is easy to him, the powers of his understanding 
and of his body seem excited (ist d. ). [A^.] 

Great liveliness of spirit, alternating with absence of mind, 
while thought, vision and hearing seem indistinct and to have 
almost vanished. 

Numb feeling in the head, with a fear that he would become 
55. A numb feeling in the head as if his consciousness was out- 
side of his body; when he says anything, he feels as if another 
person had said it; and when he sees anything, as if another person 
had seen it, or as if he could transfer himself into another, and 
only then could see. 

In the morning, the head feels obtuse and silly, which passes 
after rising (3d d. ). [A^.] 

In the morning, his head feels muddled and hot. 

Numb feeling in the head, with heat in the face. [7>.] 

From time to time, weakness in the head. 
60. Great stupefaction, with apprehension of falling forward. 

Violent vertigo while walking and sitting, as if about to fall 
over, often for severial days, with straining in the nape toward the 

Vertigo even to falling, the whole room turns with her ; she 
has to sit down at once, in the afternoon at 4 (3d day). [^S.] 

Vertigo, everthing turns around with him ; with nausea. 

Everything turns around with him before his eyes. 
65. Vertigo in the morning, as if she should turn about, with a 
fainting sort of nausea; after breakfasting on rolls the nausea 
ceased, but there was acidity in the mouth (nth d.). \S.'\ 

Vertigo in the morning. 

Staggering while walking, as if from drunkenness. {Bte.'l 

AI.UMINA. 19 1 

Quickly-passing vertigo in the morning. \_S.] 

Vertigo increased by stooping. \_S.~\ 
70. Vertigo even to falling over while walking; she had to hold 
herself up by the wall (24th d.). [5.] 

The whole day giddiness, even to falling down; to moderate 
the giddiness she has to wipe her eyes (nth d.). [^.] 

Giddiness almost continuous for several days, somewhat like 
a light intoxication from beer. (31st d.). \_S.~\ 

The head is always giddy, as soon as she opens her eyes 
(i6thd.). [S.] 

The head feels as if in a fog and intoxicated; she feels as if 

she ought to turn around, for 9 days; this symptom alternated 

with a pain in the kidneys, so that as this pain increased the giddy 

feeling diminished, and vice versa (aft. 30 d.). \S.~\ 

75. He becomes intoxicated even by the weakest spirituous drink. 

Headache, increasing by walking in the open air. 

Pains in the head and in the nape of the neck, beginning 
when going to bed and diminishing only in the morning after 

Headache, obliging the person to lie down, with dry heat and 
coughing during sleep, the whole afternoon. 

Headache on the left side (aft. 18 h.). \Hb.'\ 
80. Dull pain in the occiput for a short time (aft. }4 h.). [7>,] 

Headache in the occiput as if bruised, passing off on|lying 

The head feels heavy and hot in the morning. 

Great heaviness of the head, with paleness and weariness. 

Heaviness of the head, with a sensation as if he would fall over 

while sitting up straight, but worse when stooping, at i p. m. 

(5thd.). [A^^.] 

85. Heaviness of the head, with a muddled feeling in the forehead 

and sensitiveness to the touch in the crown of the head at 4 p. m. 

(2dd.). [//^.] . 

Sharp, pressive pain in the head over the eyes. 

Pressing out at the forehead, after dinner (5th d. ). [A^.] 

Inward pressure in the forehead. [A^.] 

Inward pressure on the right temple, after dinner. [-A{i^.] 
90. Screwing pressure on the head. 

Pressive headache above the eyes from both temples, during 
the evening; and at night in bed, heat and afterwards perspiration 
(aft. 2 h.). 

Compressive (pinching) headache in the forehead over the 
eyes, as if coming from the temples (aft. 3-12 h.). 

Headache, tearing and pressing together from both sides, in 
the evening (aft. 2}^ h.), with a shaking chill, many evenings in 

Sensation as if the right side of the head were being pressed 

or screwed toward the other, and as if a heavy weight were lying 

on the crown of the head, Sj4 A. m. (2d d.). [Aje',] 

95. Pains as if the inside of the head were being screwed together, 

with stitches in the forehead and such violent heaviness in the 


crown of the head, that on stooping, the head threatens to tumble 
off while standing at 2 p. m. (2d. d.). [AV]. 

Sensation of constriction around the forehead, attended with 
pain (aft. ^ h.). [/V^.] 

Obtuse, pressive headache, aggravated b}^ walking (istd. ). 

Burning, pressive pain with warmth in the fore part of 
the head, after dinner, both while standing and sitting; re- 
lieved in the open air and does not return in the room. [A^.] 

Headache as if from being bruised, with some redness of the 
cheeks. [Bte.^ 
100. Peculiarly malignant headache, as if the brain was shattered, 
as in putrid fever. \Bte^ 

Benumbing tension of a small spot of the right temple, which 
passes off when it is pressed upon, but immediately returns when 
the pressure is remitted, in the forenoon (2d d.). [A^.] 

Drawling and pulsating tension in the right occiput, in the 
forenoon ( I st d.). [A^.] 

Headache, a painful drawing in the right side of the head. 

Boring drawing pain in the left temporal region, in the even- 
ing (3d d/). [rr.] 
105. Tearing headache in the forehead, which is alleviated in the 
open air, in the evening (3d d.), [A^.] 

Tearing in the whole head, in the forenoon (ist d.). [A^.] 

Tearing in the right temple (the spot burns on being rubbed) 

(aft. y,-2y.). iNg:\ 

Tearing and shooting in the right side of the head in the fore- 
noon, also in the left frontal protuberance, in the evening (istd.). 

Tearing in the forehead, in the forenoon, turning into shoot- 
ing pains in the afternoon (2d d.). [A^.] 
no. Tearing pain extending up the left temple, with subsequent 
stitches in the right temple (aft. 2 h. ). [A^.] 

Headache, like tearing and also stitches in the ears, somewhat 
relieved by pressing upon it with the hand, for 4 days toward 
evening (aft. 6d.). \S.'\ 

Headache, violent stitching pain in the brain with nausea. 

Stabs as from a knife, darting through the head from time to 

Stitches darting through the head at every step. 
115. A stitch in the head, as if passing all around the head. 

Sharp stitches in the right side of the head, while stooping in 
working (28th d.). [A^.] 

A stitch in the right temple, as with a large dull instrument, 
leaving behind it pain as from a wound, lastino- a short time (aft, 

13th d.). \s:\ 

Stitches in the temple while singing, ceasing as soon as she 
stopped singing (aft. 33 d.). \S.'\ 

Stitches in particular spots in the head. [7>., Ng.'\ 
120. Stitches in the head toward the crown (2d and 3d. d. ) . [//^.] 

Stitches in the forehead, with muddled and heavy sensation in 
the head, in the afternoon (3d d.). [A^.] 

AI^UMINA. 193 

Stitches in the forehead while going to sleep (loth d.). [kS.] 
Stitches in the fore and back parts of the head after eating, 
worse toward evening (aft. 37 d.). [5.] 

Stitches from within outward, in the afternoon (8th d.). 

125. Painful boring into the right temple, in the evening (5th d.). 

Constant boring and tearing in both temples, in the forenoon 
(4th d.). [Ng.-] 

Pulsating headache in the crown above the right temporal 
region, on awaking in the morning. 

Throbbing and stitches in the forehead and the right side of 
the head, in the afternoon (2d d.). [^A^.] 

Throbbing and pressure in the right temple, like a strong 
pulsation, with pressure on the crown as from a heavy weight, in 
the afternoon (2d d.). [A^.] 
130. Pulsating headache on going upstairs, after dinner (2dd. ). 

Beating and raging in the crown of the head, forenoon 
(2dd.). lNg.-\ 

Beating and tearing on the upper part of the right side of the 
head, i p. m. [Ng.l 

Rythmic beating in the whole head, in the afternoon while 
walking and in bed in the morning (aft. 3d d.). [A^.] 

While stooping, a rushing in the head in the rythm of the 
pulsation, relieved somewhat on rising up; after dinner. [A^.] 
135. The headache is relieved, ^A^hen the person quietly lays 
his head on the bed. [^Bte.'] 

After dinner, heat in the head, with a sensation while stooping, 
as if the whole brain was about to fall forward; this passes when 
he rises (ist d. ). [A^.] 

Feeling of internal warmth in the forehead, while none is felt 
externally, with muddled feeling for ^ hour. [A^.] 

She feels heat rising from the stomach into the head, in the 
forenoon. [A^.] 

Headache, with a sensation as if a worm were crawling under 
the cranium, also like cutting and gnawing. 
140, Sensation as if something were crawling (between the skin and 
the flesh) from both the temples toward the forehead, where it 
presses outward, as if about to press through there. \_Bte.'\ 

A sensation spreads over the head externally, as if the skin 
were going to sleep (3d. d.). [HdJ] 

Pressure externally on the occiput and the forehead, as if 
from a tight hat. 

On the upper part of the forehead, a small spot painful to the 
touch, in the morning (loth, nth d.). \_Tr.'] 

External tearing in the right temple, with subsequent constant 
boring and beating internally (2dd.). [A^'.] 
145. External stitching as from an awl in a small spot on the left 
side of the head, near the crown. [5.] 

External pinching and griping on the head, with a chilly scn_ 



sation toward the occiput, worse while stooping, in the evening. 

Pain in the left region of the vertex, as if some one were pull- 
ing her upward by a lock of her hair ( ist d. ). 

The hair of the head pains w^hen touched, as if the place were 

Falling out of the hair (aft. 8 d.). [5.] 
150. Dr3mess of the hair of the head. 

Itching (formication and crawling sensation), here and there 
on the head. [A^.] 

Unbearable itching on the head; he has to scratch until it 
bleeds, and after scratching the skin feels sore. [//<^.] 

The hairy scalp itches, and is full of white scales. [Z/"*^.] 

Dryness and parched feeling of the hair of the head. 
155. A cluster of pimples on the hairy scalp behind the right ear, 
with tensive pain. [A^.] 

Eruptional pimples on the forehead and on the neck. 

Quivering sensation of the e3^ebrows. [^5/^.] 

Pressure on the eyes, she could not open them. 

Pressure in the e3^es and sensitiveness to the light. \_H'b.'] 
160. Pressure in the right e3^e in the evening, while writing or read- 
ing. [7>.] ^ 

Pressure in the left e3^e, as if something had fallen into it, 
just below the upper e3^elid, during the whole da3^ (5th d.). \_S.~\ 

Pressure on the left e3^eball (aft. y^ h. ). [7>.] 

Alternating pressure in the eyelids (ist d.). [TV.] 

Tension about the left eye (2d d. ). [A^,] 
165. Tearing in the right upper e3^elid while looking down; when 
looking upward, a sensation as if the upper lid was longer and was 
hanging down; then stitches in the right side of the head (2dd.). 

Tearing in the upper border of the orbit. 

A burning stinging smarting, as from some acid in a corner of 
the eye. 

Stitching in the canthi. [A^.] 
Stitching in the lower e3^elid. \_Hb.'] 
170. Frequent violent itching in the e3^es. 

Itching in the canthi and the lids. [A^.J 
Excoriations in the interior of the eyes, in the evening; the 
eyelids then close irresistibly. 

Sensation of excoriation and drvness in the inner canthi. 

Smarting in the left eye as from soap, in the evening. 
175. Tearing smarting pain in the e3^e. 

Smarting, burning pain in the eves in the morning- (2d d.). 

Burning of the eyes, early on awaking. [A^.] 
Burning in the e3^es, especially when he looks upward. 
Burning and pressure in the eyes. 
180. Burning and pressure in the eyes and in the nose, as if she 
were catching a cold in the nose. [_S.~] 



Burning in the canthi (2d, 3d d.). [7"r.] 

Burning and increased secretion of mucus in the eyes, at night 
and sometimes in the morning, with itching. [7>.] 

Every evening, burning and dryness of the eyelids, with pain 
in the inner left canthus, and with a secretion of dry gum, every 
morning for more than a week. [i^(^.] 

Redness of the eyes, with excoriations in the canthi and dul- 
ness of vision; in theevening while reading, he sees a halo around 
the light; he has to wipe his eyes frequently, and they become 
closed at night from suppuration; this lasts a long time. [//<^.] 
185. Redness of the right eye, with sensation of soreness and lach- 
rymation (3d and 4th d. ). [//<^.] 

Inflammation of the conjunctiva of the right eye, without any 
severe pains, in the evening (ist d.). [7>.] 

On the left lower eyelid, a pimple with stinging pain. 

Repeated commencement of a stye on the upper eyelid. \_H'b.~\ 

The eyelashes fall out. 
190. Weakness of the eyelids, they are continually tending to close, 
without any sleepiness, in the afternoon. [-A^.] 

He cannot easily open the left eye, because it seems to him as 
if the upper eyelid was hanging down too far, wherefore he fre- 
quentl}^ wipes his eyes, so as to see better (5th d.). [Ng.'] 

The upper eyelid feels as if it were paralyzed, hangs down and 
only half covers the eye (29th d.). 

When he has lightly closed his eyes in bed. they often con- 
tract spasmodically and painfully with a jerk, and if he wishes to 
open his eyes at night, even in the dark, they ache violently, with 
pressive pains as if from a most bright sunlight suddenly admitted, 
and they contract again; he can get but little sleep at night, and 
during the day there is frequent quivering in the right upper eve- 
lid. IHb.-] 

Tremor of the left eye, as if it would leap out, worse toward 
evening and while looking down; alleviated by closing the e^^es or 
by looking up, or when she holds it with her hand; at the same 
time the eye is sensitive to the light, so that she had to close it 
frequently, for 3 days" (aft, 47 d.). [5^.] 
195. Lachrymation of the eyes in the open air. 

Frequent lachrymation of the eyes, without pains. \S., 

Lachrymation of the eyes, early on awaking. \_Hb., Ng.'\ 

Running of the eyes and burning, with a sensation as if the 
face was swollen (ist d.). [A^.] 

A mucous humor is continually secreted in the right eye 
200. The eyes secrete much mucus during the night, tor several 
days successively. \_S.'] 

Early on awaking, much dry e3^e-gum. 

The eyes, early on awaking, are glued together and burn when 
opened, with photophobia. [Ng., Hb7\ 

Nightly agglutination of the eyes for several weeks, with 
inflamed conjunctiva and with secretion of gum during the day; 


in the light, especially in the evening, he feels as if there was a 
gauze before his eyes, compelling him to wipe them, though it 
does not thereby pass off, and he sees a halo around the light (aft. 
10 d.). \Hb^, 

The e3^es, which are agglutinated in the morning, smart and 
are dim, which passes away after washing (2d d.). [A^.] 
205. Dimness of vision, as if looking through a mist. 

Dimness of vision, at times in the open air, and disappearing 
in the room. [7>., A^.] 

Dimness of vision as through a fog, in the evening (ist, 30th 

Dimness of vision, compelling him to continually wipe his 
ej^es; this alleviates the dimness; with a sensation in the eyes as if 
they were about to be agglutinated in the canthi (nth d. ). \Ng.y 

The right eye is dim-sighted, as if a feather or a hair were 
before it, which she thinks she must remove (6th and 7th d.). 


210. She can neither read nor sew at night, on account of the dul- 
ness and dryness of the eyes; also during the day her eye-sight is 
dull (while her sight was at other times acute). 

After long looking, there is weakness of the eyes (4th d.). 

Squinting of both eyes. [7>.] 

Flickering and mist before the eyes. [7>.] 

Short flickering and as it were spots before the eyes, a kind 
of vertigo. 
215. After blowing the nose, little white stars glimmer before the 
eyes (4th d.). [A'^.] 

He sees a light before his eyes, even when closing them. 

Whatever she looks at, appears to her yellow (34th, 35th d.). 

Tension in the ears (2d, 3d d.). [TV.] 
Tearing in, behind and under the ears. [A^.] 
220. Stitches in the ears, especially in the evening (aft. 30 d.). 

Stitches in the left ear (7th d.). [5.] 

Stitches from within outward through the ear. (aft. 4 h.). 

Stitches into the ears. [A^.] 

At night short stitches deep in the right ear (aft. 4 h. ) . [A^.] 
225. Frequent stitches into the hollow of the ear as with a knife. 

Bormg in the ear in the morning, in the afternoon in the 
hollow of the ear, which also pains when pressed upon (4th d ) 

Throbbing in the ear. 

Violent itching in both ears, increased by rubbing with the 
finger (aft. 50 h.). 

Itching and formication in the interior meatus auditorius. 

AI^UMINA. 197 

230. On the right ear a watery, transparent vesicle without any 
pain. \_B^e.^ 

Itching before and behind the ears and on the lobules. [^V^.] 
Itching burning on the anterior border of the right ear (ist 

d.). L^g.-] 

For many evenings a hot, red ear. 

Discharge of pus from the right ear (aft. 11 d.). [//<5.] 
235. It seems to her as if something lay outside before the ear. 

On blowing her nose the ear is obstructed, but when she 
swallows, it opens again. 

Humming of the ears, in the evening 

Humming of the ears in the morning; the stools at the same 
time are harder than usual. [6*.] 

Buzzing before the ears, as from bells, early on rising from 
240. Hissing in the ear. 

lyoud whistling in the ear. 

While swallowing there is a crackling sound in the ear. 

Especially in chewing there is a crackling sound of the 

His voice sounds changed to him for one hour in his right 
ear (4th d.). [^V^.] 
245. Intermittent burning pain in the right nostril, in the evening 
(istd.). [Jr.] 

Tearing in and near the right nasal cavity, which passes away 
only for a short time when pressed upon (2d d. ). [A^.] 

Itching on the dorsum, the side and around the orifice of the 
nose. [A^.] 

Violent itching of one ala of the nose for i hour. 

Ulcerated nostrils. 
250. Soreness with scabs in the right nostril; with a discharge of 
much thick, yellowish mucus from the nose (the first 4 weeks). 

On the right side of the nose two pimples with burning, sting- 
ing pain. 

A furuncle on the nose. 

Bleeding of the nose. [A^.] 

In blowing his nose, pure blood is discharged. 
255. The septum of the nose is swollen, red and painful to the 
touch; in the evening the pains are aggravated with stitches in the 
forehead ( ist d. ) . [vS.] 

Swelling and induration of the left nostril, which is painful to 
the touch (8th d.). [5.] 

Sour smell in the nose, in the morning (3d d.). [AV.] 

Excessively acute sense of smell. 

Weakness of olfaction. 
260. Lowering, ill-humored expression of countenance. [A>.] 

Quickly alternating paleness and redness of the tace. 

Tearing in the sides of the face, especially in the right side, 
in the zygoma, where it passes away on rubbing, or wiih tearing 
in the teeth on this side. [A^.] 


The cheeks are of a copper}^ red, as with brand3^-drinkers. 

Heat and tension in the left side of the face, in the evening 
(ist d.). \Tr:\ 
265. Tension and drawing in the jaws and cheeks, with increased 
secretion of sahva (2d d.). [7>'.] 

Drawing and tearing in the left cheek and gums, in the after- 
noon (aft. 30th d.). [kS.] 

Formication in the right side of the face as from ants with, 
stitches in the hollow of the ear and tearing in the right knee. 

The skin of the face is tense, even around the eyes, as if the 
white of an ^%^ was drying upon it, after dinner (while walking 
in the open air) (5th d.). [^^.] 

His face appears to him to be larger or swollen and the eyes 
smaller, so that it impedes his vision, after dinner (ist d. ). [A^.j 
270. Paleness of the face. 

Daily flushes of heat in his face. 

A red spot which pains on his right cheek. 

The, skin of the face rough, especially on the forehead. 

Sensation on the chin as if cobwebs enclosed it. 
275. Violent itching in the face. 

Itching on the forehead, the cheeks, around the eyes, and the 
chin. [A^.] 

Itching of the cheek with burning after scratching. [A^.] 

Itching formication as from an insect on the right side of the 
lower jaw. [A^.] 

Itching with a violent impulse to scratch, in the face and be- 
low the chin, on which small pimples like rash arise (4th d.). 

280. Itching pimples on the forehead, the right side of the nose, 
and the left angle of the mouth (on being pressed upon these 
coalesce) (6th to 9th d ). [A^.] 

A pimple on the right cheek which pains as if sore when 

Small red pimples on the right cheek; they are rough to the 
touch and painless ( 1 2th d. ) . \S^^ 

The vermilhon of the lips is bluish (during and after the 
fever). ^Bte?^ 

Small pimples on the chin w^hich pass away on the following 
morning (aft. 8th and 13th d.). [A^.] 
285. Eruptive granules on the left cheek and on the forehead 
(lothd.). [A^^.] 

One furuncle after the other on the left cheek. 

Itching on a crust, already dry, of an unhealed little furuncle 
on the forehead, which passes away on scratching. [A^.] 

Firm closure of the jaws (ist h.), [7>.] 

Tensive pain in the articulations of the jaws, in chewing or 
opening the mouth. 
290. ^ The jaw is swollen, that he cannot open his mouth without 
pain; stitches ran up to the cheek-bone and to the temple. 

AI.UMINA. 199 

Both the Hps seem to him to be larger and swollen. [A^.] 

Swelling of the lower lip. 

Swelling of the lips with vesicles on them. 

Tickling of the left angle of the mouth and the right zygoma, 
which passes away by scratching. [A^.] 
295. On the inner surface of the lip a clear looking vesicle as large 
as a pea (2d d.). [7>.] 

Eruption on the lower lip, like a crust. 

The lips peel off (4th d.). [JVg.] 

Chapped, dry lips. [Ng., Tr., S.] 

Considerable retraction of the lower jaw; the upper teeth 
extend far over the lower for 3 days. \_Bfe.^ 
300. Drawing pain in the gums as if sore. 

Swelling of the gums. 

Bleeding of the gums (4th d.). [//^^.] 

Ulceration of the roots of all the teeth. [^Bfe.'j 

An ulcer forms on the gums of the lower row on the left side; 
this breaks open at once and discharges blood which has a salty 
taste (4th d.). [A^^.] 
305. Drawing pain from a tooth even to the ear, into the side of 
the head. 

The toothache extends down to the larynx with a nervous 
excitement, as it does often after taking cold or after the use of 
chamomile. [Bfe.'j 

Drawing pains in the row of teeth of the right side, in the 
evening; passing away after going to bed. [A^.] 

Jerking pain in one of the first molars of the left upper row 
(istd.). [A^^.] 

Jerking and tearing toothache wakes her up after midnight 
and passes away when she rises (5th d.). [A^.] 
310. Drawing tearing pain in the anterior lower teeth, extending 
to the zygoma and the temple. 

Tearing in the molars at various times of the day, at times 
extending to the temples. [A^.] 

Gnawing pain in an anterior molar of the lower jaw with 
tearing behind the ear and a sensation as if it would tear it out; 
worst at 9 p. M., then slowly decreasing, somewhat alleviated by 
sitting up in bed, and after midnight there is merely a gnawing 
pain in the tooth. The pain is unchanged under all circumstances, 
during the day it merely mutters. [A^.] 

In the evening boring (tearing, digging) in the teeth (aft. 


Boring in various hollow teeth. 
315. Cutting toothache in the open air and while lying down, 
in the evening in bed (aft. 2-3 h.). 

Tickling in the teeth and at their roots, immediately after 
dinner (4th, 5th d.). [A"^'.] 

Sensation of coldness in the teeth, with great sensitiveness 01 
the same. [A^.] 

The hollow teeth ache severely when any food gets into them. 

Pressive pain in an incisor while chewing and also otherwise. 


320. The teeth pain severely while chewing, she does not dare to 
press them together (aft. 2 d.)- 

The worst toothache is feh, at the least chemng, the roots of 
the teeth then ache as if they were ulcerated. 

On chewing, one of the stumps pains as if it were being 
violently pushed into the socket. 

On pressing the teeth together there is toothache, as if the 
teeth were loose. 

Bruised pain in a molar of the right upper row, alleviated by 
pressing upon the tooth, which appears loose ( nth d. ) . [^.] 
325. An upper molar is painful to the touch. 

Two rotten molar teeth (above and below) interfere with one 
another on opening the mouth. \_Bte.'] 

The teeth feel as if they were too long (ist d.). [7"r.] 

Thick, ill-smelling mucus on the teeth (5th d.). \_Ng.'] 

Continuous sensation in the mouth as if it had been burned 
(after dinner) (aft. 48 h.). [_Ng.'] 
330. Formication on the inner surface of the cheeks (aft. 3 h.). 

Painfulness of the inner mouth, palate, tongue and of the 
gums, as if sore, so that he can hardly eat for it. 

Numerous little ulcers in the mouth. 

On awaking, the mouth is parched and the tongue cleaves to 
the palate. 

Water gathers in the mouth. \_Bte.'] 
335. In the morning much expectoration of saliva and mucus. 

Thick mucus runs into the mouth from the posterior nares. 

Musty, rotten smell from the mouth. 

(Transient stinging) formication in the tongue ( ist h. ) , [TV.] 

Itching of the tip of the tongue, so that he would like to 
scratch it to pieces (aft. 5th, 7th d.). [_Ng.'] 
340. Sensation of roughness on the tongue (aft. % h.). [-A^.] 

Tongue coated white, with a clean taste. [S.'] 

Tongue coated 3'ellowish- white, with a bitter taste. [S.'] 

Pressive pain in the left tonsil during swallowing, and other- 
wise (ist d.). \Tr.'] 

Obtuse stitches in the right tonsil in the morning (4th d.). 

345. Swollen tonsils (6th d. ). [7>.] 

On both sides of the neck a sensation as of an external swell- 
ing with shooting pains. 

Sore throat while swallowing. [5.] 

Sore throat, pressive pain in the throat, even when not swal- 
lowing, with hands internally hot (aft. 2 h.). 

Pressive pain in the throat as if from a tumor there, with feel- 
ing of soreness, hoarseness and dryness of the throat. 
350. Violently pressive pain in the throat even when only swallow- 
ing saliva, in the evening, for several days in succession, caused 
by a swelling of the throat (4th d.). [TV.] 

Vehemently pressive pain as if a spot in the oesophagus was 

AI^UMINA. 20 1 

constricted or pressed together in the middle of the chest, especi- 
ally while swallowing, but also at other times, with alternating 
oppression of the chest and palpitation of the heart, especially- 
after meals (8th, 9th d.). [T?.] 

Spasmodic pressive pain in the middle of the chest, while 
swallowing food and drinks. [7>.] 

Sensation of constriction from the gullet down to the stomach 
with every morsel swallowed. 

Constriction of the oesophagus, as well as inactivity of the 
same, earl}^ on awaking. 
355. At night impeded swallowing as if from a spasmodic con- 
striction of the throat ( ist d. ) . [ Tr.'] 

Constrictive (pressive) pain in the fauces and in the inner 
throat (in the pharynx with much mucus in the mouth) in the 
evening (ist and 2d d.). [7r.] 

Pressive tensive pain in the inner right side of the throat 
even to the ear (ist d. ). [7>.] 

Drawing tensive pains on the right side of the throat, 
especially when moving the tongue (9th d.). [7r.] 

At night a spasmodic drawing pain in the side of the throat 
and the ear, disturbing the sleep, and increased by swallowing 
(9th d.). [rr.] 
360. Transient stitches, darting hither and thither in the throat, 
and at times, while swallowing a sensation as if something pointed 
were sticking in it (in the evening) (2d and 4th d. ). [7>.] 

Stitching in the throat, during (empty) deglutition. [Hb. A^.] 

Hoarseness, in the evening (and at night) which compels 
hawking, and accumulation of mucus in the throat several days in 
succession. [7>. A^.] 

Sensation of scraping in the throat, as from swallowing 
pepper (aft. 3 h ). [7>.] 

Constant griping scraping in the throat, lasting for a long 
time (5th d.). [A^.] 
365. Scratching above in the throat. 

After eructation, scratching in the neck, compelling him to 
hawk (2dd.). [A^^.] 

(Burning) pain as of soreness in the throat (during and) 
even when not swallowing, in the evening, several days in suc- 
cession (4th d. ). ^Tr.^ 

Burning in the throat, in the evening (3d d.). [/>.] 

Burning in the throat, like heartburn and hoarseness (5th d. ). 

370. Inflammation of the fauces, which is distinctly teminiated by 

a livid color in the bucal cavity for several days (aft. 2d.). [7>-.] 

Inflammatory redness in the back part of the throat (9th d. ). 


Great dryness in the throat, the mouth and the lips, as it 
these parts were parched with heat, attended with a tormenting 

Dryness in the throat and mouth ^soon after taking the 
medicine). [7;-.] 


In the evening, dryness in the throat which forces him to 
hawk (3dd.). [T^r.] 
375. Dryness, with a sensation of scraping in the throat (ist d.). 

The ailments of the throat are most violent m the evening and 
at night; least in the forenoon, and are alleviated by eating and 
drinking warm things. [7>.] 

Increased secretion of saliva in the mouth, with a sensation 
of contraction there or with constant formication in the surfaces of 
the cheeks (aft. y^ h.). [7>.] 

In the evening in bed, much saliva collects in the mouth 
(3dd.). [7>.] 

Frequent gathering of watery saliva in the mouth, which he 
has to spit out all the day, most of all in the afternoon, not at all 
at night (aft. 10 min. and 2d.). [A^^.] 
380. The secretion of saliva becomes a real ptyalism. [71^^.] 

Increased secretion of mucus (and saliva) (ist and 2d d.). 
{.Tr. Ng.-\ 

Collection of much mucus in the mouth, which being spit 
out is continually renewed again, with dryness in the throat 
(istd.). [7>.] 

Especiall}^ in the evening and earl3^ on awaking, there is a 
collection of thick, viscid mucus in the throat, which increases the 
soreness of the throat, compels frequent hawking, and can only 
be ejected with difficulty, in little lumps (ist d.). \Tr^ 

Thick, viscid mucus flows into the throat from the posterior 
385. After hawking up phlegm with much difficulty, the throat 
becomes very sensitive. [A^.] 

He cannot hawk up the phlegm from his throat, because it is 
too far down. [A{^.] 

A piece of phlegm comes into his throat, which threatens to 
choke him until he swallows it down (aft. 10 min.). [A^.] 

Hawking up of (salty) phlegm, after dinner (2d d.). [A^.] 

Constant collection of (sweetish or acidulous) water in the 
mouth (5th, 8th d.). [A^.] 
390. Dryness of the mouth, though saliva is not deficient, which 
frequently causes painful deglutition. [7?'.] 

Bloody taste in the mouth for Y-z hour (7th d.). [A^.] 

Sweet taste in the throat with vertigo, then expectoration of 
mucus mixed with blood, early in the morning (28th d.). [A^.] 

Astringent acrid taste on the tongue, as from eating sloes (ist, 
8th d.). [A^^., r;,] 

Bitter taste in the evening, after eating apples. 
395. Bitter taste in the mouth (soon after taking the medicine). 

Bitter and phlegmy taste in the mouth, early on arising (5th 
d.). [A^.] 

Bitterish insipid taste in the mouth. \Hb^ 

Everything tastes disagreeable. {^Bte.'\ 

Disagreeable metallic taste in the mouth in the morning 
(4th, 5th d.). [rr.] 

AI.UMINA. 203 

400. A sourish taste arises in his throat all at once, without eructa- 
tion, in the forenoon (4th d. ). [A^.] 

An acid fluid rises into his mouth. 

Sourish taste in his throat, then a bitter retching up, soon 
after eating his milk-soup in the evening (4th d.). [A^.] 

Sourish, salty taste (ist d.). [7"r.] 

Rancid taste in the throat and hoarseness, compelling him to 
hawk (4th d.). [A^^.] 
405. All food especially in the evening appears to her as tasteless 
and unseasoned, bread tastes like sponge (ist and 2d d.)- [A^.] 

Meat, especially, seems to her to have no taste. 

Beer tastes to her bitter and nauseous, causing her to retch 
(i2thd.). [Ng-.-] 

No desire to eat, no appetite, no hunger; food has, indeed, 
no bad taste, rather none at all; everthing tastes like straw or 

She has no aversion to food, but no desire to eat at all, and 
when she sees food, she has at once enough, and could go the 
whole day without eating; this for many days. 
410. lyittle hunger and no appetite for many days (even when he 
does not eat any dinner) (ist d., 15th d.). [A^.] 

Diminished appetite with fullness of the abdomen. [7)^.] 

He has no appetite and eats with aversion. \_S.^ 

Aversion to meat. 

He abominates meat, it even causes vomiting for three davs 

(aft. 6d.), [A'^-.]. 
415. Aversion to his customary smoking of tobacco. 

Disagreeable feeling of hunger and emptiness in the stomach, 
and yet but little appetite. 

She has hunger, and yet she does not enjoj^ her food. [A^.] 

Almost constant hunger; he could eat all the time. 

Very violent hunger. [//<:^.] 
420. Voracious hunger; he is all in a tremble for his meals and 
can hardly wait for them. [S.~\ 

Strong appetite for vegetables, fruit and soft food. 

Smoking of tobacco causes ailments. 

Smoking of tobacco does not give him anj' pleasure and makes 
him dizzy, for four days. [A^.] 

After eating potatoes, stomach-ache, sick feeling, nausea, and 
then colicky pains. [A^.] 
425. After eating at noon and in the evening, hiccough. 

As soon as she has eaten anything, she feels a pressure in 
her stomach; she nevertheless enjoys her food. [S.] 

Soon after eating, a sharp, pressive pain in the left hypogas- 

After every meal, at noon and in the evening, pinching in 
the abdomen (aft. 29 d.). [A^,'.] 

After meals in the evening, violent nausea and Ironuilous- 
430. After supper, nausea, loathing and weariness, for sc\cral 


After dinner, a drawing sensation in the stomach, which 
causes a feehng of tension in the whole body, making her so 
tired, she had to he down. 

Much thirst the whole day, also at dinner. [i'V^.] 

Hiccough after dinner, and also after eructations following 
the soup at breakfast (ist and 2d d.). [A^.] 

Heartburn after supper. 
435. Heartburn after drinking w^ater. 

Heartburn, with a copious flow of water from the mouth. 

Waterbrash. [.S.] 

Frequent empty eructations (aft. 2 h. ). 

Empty eructations after supper (2d d.). [Ng^ 
440. Eructation^ with pressive pain on the chest during meals (aft. 
^li.). VNg.-] 

Frequent eructations with the taste of the milk-soup eaten, 
from supper-time till going to bed. [Ng.'] 

Bitter eructations after eating potatoes, so that he shook for 
loathing, in the evening (5th d.). [A^.] 

Rancid eructations, which leave behind a long continued 
burning in the throat (ist d.). \_Tr.^ 

Rancid eructation, especially after dinner (ioth-i3th d.). 
445. Rancid eructation after the soup at breakfast. [A^.] 

Sharp, corrosive eructations. 

Sour eructation in the evening in bed. 

Sour eructation with burning in the throat, like heartburn 

(istd.). [iV^.] 

In the forenoon, acidity rises into his mouth; this is long con- 
tinued and attended with a sensation of heat in the mouth. 
450. Belching up of sour mucus, then burning in the throat like 
heartburn, frequently, especially after soup at breakfast. 

Sweetish risings from the stomach, with a sweetish taste of 
the mucus hawked up, long continued, in the morning (3d d.). 

Sensation of loathing and qualmishness in the fauces (ist d. ). 

Qualmishness in the stomach with a fainting sort of nausea 
and vertigo, in which the room turns round with her, with sub- 
sequent muddled feeling in the head (loth d.). [5.] 

Frequent nausea (especially during the chills). [Bte.'] 
455. Nausea with risings of air. \_S.'] 

Nausea and chilliness the whole da}- . [5.] 

Attack of nausea with headache, paleness of the face, loss of 
appetite, repeated evacuations, loathing, followed by nausea and 
chills running over him; after a walk he has to lie down ( nth d.). 


Nausea-like fainting in the morning; better after breakfast 
(9th d.). IS.-] 

Nausea early on awaking, qualmishness in the stomach with 
weariness, with stitches over the eyes and pains in the kidneys on 
moving (9th d.). [5.] 
460. While standing she feels sick with nausea. 



Nausea even to fainting, depriving her of her breath, at 

Nansea, earh^ in the morning at 4 o'clock. 

Frequent nausea as if he should vomit, and yet he has a 
tolerable appetite. 

Inclination to vomit, in the morning. [^.] 
465. In the morning, retching as if about to vomit. 

Inclination to vomit, after eructations of air, with chilliness of 
the body, which passes from the feet into the body. [5^.] 

Nausea with inclination to vomit and retching, so that she 
had to put her finger down her throat, when she vomited mucus 
and w^ater; but the breakfast eaten two hours before remained 
(14th d.). [5.] 

Violent stomach-ache with external sensitiveness of the 
stomach to pressure, in the evening (6th d.). [A^,] 

Pressure in the stomach up to the throat, after eating potatoes, 
alleviated by eructations, in the morning (8th d.). [A^.] 
470. Pressure in the stomach as from a stone, after eating milk- 
soup, relieved by eructations, in the evening (4th d.). [A^.] 

Pressure in the stomach, toward noon or evening. \Hb. , A^.] 

Violent pressure in the scrobiculus cordis and thence great 
oppression on the chest, she had to stand still every few moments, 
and could not go on. [kS.] 

Stomach-ache, it feels full or bloated, with external sensitive- 
ness to pressure, empty eructation and fermentation; or loud 
grumbling and rumbling in the abdomen, as if something was 
working there, after dinner (ist, 5th d.). [A^.] 

Twisting together and constriction in the region of the 
stomach, extending to the chest and throat, with labored breath- 
ing. {_Hb.Ng^, 
475. Pressure and constriction in the region of the stomach (31st 

d.). [m] 

Pressive contractive sensation in the scrobiculus cordis, ex- 
tending into the chest and between the shoulder-blades (13th d.). 

Sensation like cutting, in the region of the stomach which is 
also sensitive to pressure, in the afternoon (2d d.j. [AV.] 

Stitches in the pit of the stomach and up into the chest. 

After dinner till evening, stitches in the stomach and in the 
chest, out at the shoulders, with short breath and great oppres- 
sion, several days (aft. 12th d.). [A^.] 
480. Some time after meals, gnawing in the region of the stomach 
2d, 3dd.). [7>.] 

Griping sensation in the stomach, in the afternoon (1st d.). 


Drawing pain in the stomach. 

Drawing pain from the pit of the stomach to the fauces, with 
difficult breathing. 

Pressive aching pain over the stomach and in the epigastrium, 
transversely, in the afternoon. 
485. Pain as from a sore, festering in the scrobiculus cordis, early 
on turning in bed. 


Tearing pain as from a sore, from the scrobiculus cordis into 
the abdomen, as if everj^thing was being torn out. 

Pressive formication in the scrobiculus cordis, as from a worm 
(aft. 2 h.). [A'V.] 

Sensation of coldness in the stomach, as if she had drunk 
cold water, in the evening, also in the forenoon after eructations, 
and during constant sour eructations, which cease in the afternoon 
(2d, 5th d.). [.V^.] 

In stooping, the liver is continualh' sensitive and painful. 
490. Tearings in the liver. 

Tearing from the region of the right hypochondrium into the 
hip, in the forenoon (ist d.). [A'^.] 

On rising up from stooping, violent stitches in the right side 
of the abdomen, as if in the liver; the}' check breathing, (nth d.). 

Stitches in the region of the right hypochondrium while 
standing, passing away on sitting down. [AV.] 

In the evening continual shooting pain under the left lower 
ribs, up into the scrobiculus cordis (5th d.). 
495. Dull stitches alternately under the left short ribs and in the 
right side of the abdomen (4th d.). [7)'.] 

Stitches in both hypochondriac regions. [A^.] 

Sensation as if the two hypochondriac regions were forcibly 
pressed or screwed together, in the forenoon (ist d.). [^Vc^.] 

Long continued burning and stitching in the region of the 
right hypochondria as if it was deeph^ cut into b}^ a bandage, in 
the afternoon (istd.). [A^.] 

Frequently a momentar}" drawing pain under the right ribs, 
both w^hile sitting and walking. 
500. Pressure from both sides of the epigastrium toward one 
another, with painfulness of the spot on pressure from without 
(aft. 2 h.). [A^.] 

Constant pressure and burning in the abdomen. 

Pressure and stitches in the abdomen after meals (5th d.). 

Pressing inwardly into the region of the navel, w^ith stitches, 
in the afternoon, while standing. [A^'.] 

Pressure and heaviness in the abdomen. 
505. The abdomen seems to him to hang down heavy, for 2 hours in 
the afternoon while walking. [A^.] 

Early before eating, a spasmodic pain from the bladder to the 
chest, disappearing after breakfast. [5^ ] 

Violent griping in the abdomen every time she takes cold, 
or as often as she goes out into the cold. [A^.] 

Griping and twisting in the abdomen (aft. i h.). 

In the evening, griping about the navel (ist d.). [Tr.] 
510. At the usual breakfast, griping below the navel, with ful- 
ness and distention of the abdomen (ist d.). [7"r.] 

Sudden griping here and there in the abdomen, w^hich then 
passes into the small of the back, where it gnaws painfully for a 
long time in the afternoon (i6th d.). [A§-.] 

Griping in the abdomen with heat in the stomach Taft. i h.). 


Griping in the abdomen, in the bed in the evening; this ceases 
after saUva gathers in the mouth (2d and 3d d. )• C^^-] 

On awaking, griping in the abdomen and tenesmus, she 
could scarcely reach the water-closet, where she, fainting, leaned 
against the wall; there was no evacuation, but after much urging 
all in vain, the colicky pains ceased (12th d. )• [^.] 
515. In the afternoon and at night, griping, stitching, tearing pain 
in the left side of the abdomen to the hypochondria and up into 
the sternum (7th d.). 

Towards evening a colicky griping and tearing in the 
abdomen, with chilliness of the body; alleviated by applying warm 
cloths. [^.] 

Flatulent colic. 

Violent attacks of colic after dinner, during the afternoon, im- 
proved by a short nap, but soon returning, as it seemed, through 
motion with violent tenesmus and frequent passage of excrements 
until the evening, so that the anus pains with stitches as if sore, 
and he cannot sit down without pains; on the following day invol- 
untary discharge of fluid mucus from the anus (aft. 14 d.). j^[/7/^.] 

Soon after rising, tearing sensation in the abdomen. 
520. During bodily exertions, pain in both sides of the abdomen as 
if something in it was about to tear; this pain extends down to the 

Frequent cutting pain in the abdomen, without distension or 
stool (2dd.). [A^^.] 

While sitting bent over, sharp cutting pains, transversely 
over the abdomen (aft. 5 h. ). [7>.] 

Violent cutting and gurgling sounds in the whole abdomen, 
whence the pain passes as a violent contortion into the stomach, 
this is followed by a violent pressive pain in the chest, with arrest 
of breathing; from 4 p. m. to 11 p. m. [i^^.] 

Drawing pains in the abdomen. 
525. Stitches darting about in the abdomen and in the hypochon- 
dria, as if something were about to fall out (7th d.). [i^^.] 

Digging about the navel, as after a cold, in the afternoon 

(2dd.). [A^^.] 

Rolling about and painless digging in the abdomen (^aft. 
J4h.). INg.-] 

Aching in the abdomen as after a copious stool, after which 
an urging remains (aft. 10 d.). [^S.] 

Aching in the epigastrium, like an inclination to diarrhoea; 
then a soft stool without diminution of the colic (nth d.). \_S.'] 
530. After diarrhoeic stools following a colic, there remained 
a violent ache in the abdomen, especially in a spot, where when 
a girl she had an internal ulcer which opened. The pain was as 
if from a violent blow, she had to stroke place, bending her body, 
hold her hand upon it, which somewhat alleviated the pain, but 
it continued uniformly the whole day, whether sitting or standing 
(17th d.). [_S.^ 

Violent colicky pains in the left side of .the abdomen, as it an 
■ ulcer was forming, with nausea (34tli d.). [^S*.] 

The pains in the abdomen are diminished by warmth. [A>.] 


Sensation of cold in the abdomen, in the afternoon. [Ng.^ 

vSudden burning in the stomach in the afternoon. [JVg-.l^ 
535. Pains in the region of the kidncA'S. 

Pain in the region of both the kidne3's, above the small of 
the back, as if bruised, or as if after driving on rough roads, worse 
on stooping or turning around; as it were pressing inward, so that 
she cries out; it is almost constant for several da^^s (4th d.). [5'.] 

Pain in the loins, especially in walking and stooping (lothd.). 

In the morning, pain in the kidneys, better in the afternoon. 


(Griping and) stitches in the flanks and the inguinal regions 

(on ascending the stairs). [AV.] 
540. Severe cutting and burning in the inguinal region the w^hole 
forenoon, till evening. [6*.] 

Pulsating pain in the left side of the hypogastrium, about the 
abdominal ring while sitting (4th d.). 

Pressure in both inguinal regions toward the sexual organs 
in the evening (3d d. ). [A^.] 

Lancinating, pressive pain in the region of the abdominal 
ring, as if a hernia would press out, with tension into the side of 
the abdomen; on the painful spot a knot may be felt like a stran- 
gulated hernia. 

Inguinal hernia protrudes violently (aft. j4 h.). 
545. The hernia did not protrude during the first days, then every 
day till the 12th day; the 30th day it seemed about to become stran- 
gulated, then it protruded everj^ day till the 50th day, but contin- 
uall}" less, and finally it did not protrude at all for months. [kS.] 

The hernia protrudes a good deal toward evening, becomes 
constricted in the inguinal region, and could not be reduced, with 
the most violent pains, which compelled her to bend double and 
prevented her from walking, until it was at last reduced of itself 
after quietly sitting for half an hour (30th d.). [5.] 

In the abdominal muscles above the left inguinal region a 
drawing pain for a quarter of an hour, when she dances or walks 

Jerking on the left side of the abdomen, frightening her 
(2dd.). [iV^.] 

Tension of the abdominal muscles from reaching high. 
550. Sensation of flatulence, as if the abdomen was continually be- 
coming fuller after supper (5th d.). [A'^.] 

Fulness of the abdomen with rushes of blood toward the chest 
after meals, for several days (aft. 3d.). [Tl^^.] 

Great distension of the abdomen with empty risings and two 
diarrhoeic stools without alleviation (i8thd.). [A^.] 

After meals much distension with strong ineffectual tenesmus, 
followed afterwards by the passage of two hard balls of excrement; 
then she took a walk, the tension of the abdomen continuing de- 
spite the frequent passage of flatus; only when after her walk a copi- 
ous evacuation followed, was she relieved (9th d.). \_S.~\ 

At night painful distention of the hypogastrium, which does 
not allow^ her to sleep, with constipation (nth d.). [/v^.] 

AI^UMINA. 209 

555. The abdomen is tense and quite hard, without any painful 
sensation. \_I/^.^ 

Tliere is a rumbhng motion in the abdom^en, hke an anxious 
unrest, without the passing of any flatus; a small evacuation gives 
no rehef (aft. i h.). 

Distension and grumbling in the abdomen without the pas- 
sage of flatus (istd.). [A^.] 

Loud rumbling and noise in the abdomen without pain. 

Much grumbling flatus in the abdomen; but the flatus passes 
freely with a feeling of weakness of the sphincter of the anus. 
560. Much audible rumbhng and moving about in the abdomen. 

Loud rumbling in the abdomen, also after meals. [7>.] 
Rumbling and grumbling in the abdomen, afterwards eructa- 
tions. [vS.] 

Frequent urging to pass flatus. [A^.] 

Passage of flatus with relief of the fulness of the stomach, in 
the evening (5th d.). [A^.] 
565. Loud passage of flatus. 

Much fetid flatus (passing off quietly), at night and also 
after dinner (ist, 7th d.). [A^.] 

Urging to stool without evacuation (3d d.). 

Tenesmus (ist d.). [A^.] 

Constipation (8th, nth d.). [A^^.] 
570. No stools during the first days. [5".] 

Stools onlv every two days and solid, at times mixed with 
blood- [5.] 

After a troublesome pressure in the hypogastrium and long 
continued urging, the stool ensues slowly and only by straining the 
abdominal muscles; all the bowels seem inactive from lack of the 
peristaltic motion; stool not hard (aft. 2 d.). 

The rectum is inactive, as if it lacked the power to evacuate 
the faeces, and lacked the peristaltic motion; the stool is soft and 
of thin formation, and can only be evacuated by a great exertion of 
the abdominal muscles (aft. 16 h.). 

The rectum is as if paralyzed (2d d.). 
375. Hard stool, passed with difficulty, with pain in the anus. 

While bearing down for the stool, which is laborious, urine 
passes involuntarily (2d d.). 

Pressing and bearing down during the stool, which is very 
firm, knotty and scanty, after previous urging to stool (2dd.). 

Firm, hard and scanty stool, with pressure and pain in the 
anus and difficult discharge (the first days). [A^^.] 

Only a very small quantity of hard faeces are discharged, with 
pressure and excoriation in the rectum. 
580. Stools far too scanty. [//(^.] 

(Firm) stool covered with whitish mucus, after pressure in 



the region of the stomach, which ceases immediately after the 
stool (aft. 30 d.). [I/d.] 

Light colored stool. 

The first part of her stool is liquid and squirts out forcibly, 
but the latter portion appears burned (5th d.). [A^.] 

The stool which previously came always in the evening, 
comes in the morning. \_S.~\ 
385. The stool comes 3 or 4 times, but is otherwise as usual with- 
out any trouble, for some time. [B'^.~\ 

Soft (almost fluid) stool with burning in the anus; also in the 
evening after previous urging, which returns at night (2d, 5th d. ). 

Attacks of little stools of diarrhoea with colic, of 2 or 3 days 

Diarrhoea after previous colic. [5.] 

Diarrhoea after 6 days of constipation; also 6 evacuations a 
day with previous colic, which sometimes even continues after the 
stool. [^.] 
590. Liquid stools with colicky pains before, or cutting pains dur- 
ing, their discharge (3d, 5th d.). [A^.] 

In the evening two diarrhoeic stools, the last part of which 
is lumpy (2d d.). [A^.] 

Diarrhoea with tenesmus in the rectum. [5*.] 

Tenesmus of the rectum and bladder, which ceases after an 
evacuation. [5.] 

Before the stool, disagreeable pressure in the region of the 
stomach (9th d.). [//^^.] 
595. Before the stool, which now is solid, now soft, but always 
scanty, there is griping in the abdomen. \_S.~\ 

Much tenesmus before there is an evacuation. 

After the stool much ineffectual urging in the epigastrium 
and the sides of the abdomen without any urging to stool in the 
rectum or anus (without tenesmus). 

At the evacuation he felt as if the rectum was dried up and 
contracted, yet the stool itself was normal. \_S.'] 

In the evening during the stool a chill over the whole body 
(5th d.). [A^^.] 
600. After the stool, throbbing in the small of the back. 

After the stool, while digestion is going on, he has a sensa- 
tion of scraping in the stomach and in the mouth. 

After a difficult evacuation, pricking as of needles in the 

After a stool, which is difficult from the sensation of constrict- 
ion of the rectum and contraction of the anus, there is a pain in 
the anus as if excoriated. 

After a difiicult discharge of hard stool like laurel-berries, 
with cutting pains in the anus as if this was too narrow, there is a 
discharge of blood in a jet with subsequent smarting pains as of 
soreness in the anus and up the rectum (aft. 17 d.). 
605. During a stool blood drops from the rectum. 

Passage of blood with a firm stool (9th and 30th d.). \_B'd.'} 

AI^UMINA. 211 

Passage of bloody mucus, during and outside of the stools. 
While walking, dark blood is discharged from her anus. 
Protrusion of a varix from the rectum, which enlarges while 
walking; diminished by the night's rest. 
6io. Varices of the rectum always enlarge in the evening, with 
burning pain, and humid. 

Humidity of the varices and stitches therein. 
Severe itching in the fold between the nates and in the anus, 
increased by rubbing. 

Itching on the anus, aggravated by scratching (ist-2d d.). 

Itching on the anus for a considerable time (aft. 30 d.). 


615. Itching burning i7i the anus. 

Itching, with burning and stitching in the rectum. [5.] 
Itching in the anus, with a sensation as if it would pulsate. 

Tickling in the rectum as from worms. [6".] 
Pressure in the anus (3d d.). [7>.] 
620. Painful pressure in the perinaeum, but quickly passing away. 

Momentary pressure in the perinseum on blowing the nose. 

[S-] . . . 

Pain in the perinaeum when touched, as if it were bruised. 


Stitches in the perinaeum. [5.] 

[Soreness in the perinaeum, during gonorrhoea (aft. 4 w.).] 
'625. Sensation as if the parts between the scrotum and the anus 
were inflamed. [kS.] 

Sweating of the perinaeum, with unbearable itching, aggra- 
vated by rubbing, when it pains. \Hb^ 

Pressure and drawing in the region of the bladder, especially 
at its neck (4th and 5th d.). [7>.] 

While walking in the open air, tearing, jerking stitches in 
the urethra, up towards the hypogastrium. 

Itching burning in the urethra. 
630. In the urethra and between the scrotum a pleasant, volup- 
tuous itching. [5.] 

Sensation of dryness in front in the urethra, as if the skin 
there were without sensation, especially in the morning. [5.] 

Sensation of heat in the urethra which passes off bv lying 
still. [^.] 

Feeling of weakness in the bladder and the sexual organs, in 
the evening; he is afraid of wetting his bed. \Btc7^ 

Strong urging to urinate. \S., Ng^ 
635. Pressure and urging to urinate, without increased discharge 
(soon after taking the medicine). [7>'.] 

Early on waking, an urging to urinate, ^^^tll difficult and de- 
layed passage of the urine, which issues in a thin jet from the 
female urethra (7th d.). 


He has to rise several times at night to urinate (ist and 4th 

Much water-colored urme. 

Increased secretion of urine for several days. [7>., Ng.'\ 
640. Frequent emission of (copious) pale urine (after burning in 
the urethra). [AV.] 

Increased quantity of pale (hot) urine with burning. [7>.,, 

Emission of a quantity of straw-yellow, clear urine (4th, 5th 
d.). VTr.^Ng.-] 

Rare but copious micturition (6th d.). \Ng.'] 

Frequent micturition with scanty emission, in the evening 
(istd.). \_Ng.-] ^ 

645. Diminished urine (in the morning) , with cutting anteriorly m 
the urethra (4th, 5th, 6th d.). [A^^.] 

A whole day without micturition or stool. [A^.] 

No urine in the forenoon, but in the afternoon frequent emis- 
sion of an increased quantity of reddish urine, which becomes, 
turbid over night and leaves a sediment (ist d.). [A^,] 

She emits very little urine, which leaves, as sediment, a red 

The urine, of a deep yellow color, soon deposits a large loose 
cloud(ist and 5thd.). [A^^.] 
650. The urine, on standing, leaves a thick white sediment. [Hb.'] 

Pale urine with turbid sediment. [A^.] 

White, turbid urine, as if chalk had been stirred into it. [S.'\ 

The stream of urine is twisted. [S.'] 

(A sort of fright when about to urinate.) [S.'] 
655. While urinating, a burning sensation, like fire, much worse in 
the evening (ist d.). \S., Ng.~\ 

(After sitting for some time, he feels no discomfort while 
urinating, but when he takes some exercise the urine burns him. ) 

(Cutting anteriorly in the urethra, while urinating and also 
for some time afterward, as if the urine ran over an inflamed 
spot (aft. 18 d.). {_Hb.^ 

After micturition, the urethra becomes hot, then he has a 
burning sensation, and he has tenesmus of the bladder and rectum. 

(After micturition, there is a long continued burning, which 
makes him ill-humored and discouraged.) [5*.] 
660. (Involuntary micturition, almost twenty times a day, only a. 
little being emitted at a time, with gonorrhoea) (aft. 4 w.). \Hb.~[ 

Pressure on the sexual organs. 

Tickling of the sexual organs and the thighs. 

Formication on the glans. [.S*.] 

Itching on the glans (4th d.) [7>.] 
665. Drawing from the glans through the urethra (aft. 5d.). [TV.] 

(When stroking the penis there is felt a drawing, pinching 
pain extending to the glans; attended with a poor appetite.) [5.] 

Sensation as if the glans were squeezed together, for two 
minutes. [S.'\ 

xlIvUMINA. 213 

(Gonorrhoea over six weeks (aft. 14 d.) with a severe and 
painful sweUing of the inguinal glands, cutting pain during mic- 
turition and pain in the perinaeum, especially violent at the end of 
the second week; the pain in the perinaeum is particularly severe 
while standing, rising and sitting down.) [Hb.'] 

Secretion of much smegma behind the glans. 
670. Soreness on the inner surface of the foreskin. 

Contractive pain in the right spermatic cord, when the right 
testicle is drawn up and is also sensitive and painful (2dd.). 

The left testicle is hard and when touched there is an in- 
describable aching. [S.'] 

Itching on the scrotum, passing off by scratching (2d d.). 

It seems to lessen the sexual impulse and to increase the erec- 
tions in the beginning, while in its after effects the inclination for 
coition is increased, but the erections are lacking. 
675. Lack of the sexual instinct (at once, for several days). 

Indifference to sexual intercourse. [6'.] 

During the first weeks increased sexual instinct, but after 
that, it is lessened and quieted. 

Many erections in the evening and night while lying down, 
and in the afternoon while sitting (iown (ist, 3d d. ). [7>.] 

In the night priapism. [S.'] 
680. (In the night while waking, almost continuous painful erec- 
tions, which are imperfect, but cause a sensation as if the member 
were festering, with short, fine, piercing stitches in the whole mem- 
ber, like jerks) (aft. 4 w.). \Hb.'] 

Frequent and violent erections and pollutions (aft. 3 and 33 
d.). [Hb., Tr.'\ 

Pollutions two nights in succession (aft. 15 d.). 

The first four nights in succession, pollutions with voluptuous 

Almost every other night, pollution with voluptuous dreams. 
685. Pollution during the noon siesta. 

After a pollution, all the former ailments are renewed and 
much aggravated (2d d ). 

At the beginning of coition as well as during erections, a 
violent pressure on the perinseum. [5*.] 

During coition, pressure in the perinaeum. [5.] 

(The seed emitted in coition is thick and lumpv like jelly.) 

[-5-] . , 

690. Jerking stitches on the left side of the pudenda up nito the 


On the left side of the vagina, a ticking pain as from a watch, 

W^ith a pulsation as when pus is gathering in an ulcer, for 2 days, 

unchanged by any circumstances; but nothing could be felt or 

seen (36th d.). [5.] 

Menses very scanty and onh' 3 days. [A^<,>-.] 

Menses in diminished quantity and very pale (aft. 3d d. \ 

Menses too early (by ^, 11 days), also too short and scanty. 


695. The menses ought to have appeared 10 days before, but did 
not appear; only one day (aft. 52 d.) during a walk, when there 
was an urging to urinate, a little dark-colored bloody water passed, 
then nothing more; the menses only appeared in the 3d month 
(with a woman of 48 years). 

The menses which had gradually ceased, reappear (aft. 17 d.). 

The menses (aft. 9 d.) in diminished quantity; but 4 weeks- 
later (aft. 37 d.) in great abundance. 

The menses appeared 5 days earlier, very strong on the 2d 
day, and lasted as usual for 8 days; preceded by colic; on the 6th 
da}^ diarrhoea. [kS.] 

Before the appearance of the menses, disturbed sleep, many 
dreams, .and when she wakes from them, she has rushes of blood,, 
heat in the face, headache and palpitations. 
700. Six days before the menses appeared, there was a strong flow 
of mucus from the vagina, with tremulousness, weariness and a. 
sensation as if everything were falling out of her. 

Several days before the appearance of the menses, colic dur- 
ing stools, as if preceding diarrhoea, also griping, twisting and 
pressure, as if from labor-pains. 

During the menses, colic and greater weariness than usual. 

During the menses distention of the abdomen and excessive 
flow of blood. 

The menses having appeared on the 6th day without any 
trouble, there came on the second day a flowing coryza with pain 
in the nose, the head and the forehead, increased by blowing the 
nose; during the last days diarrhoea and colic were added (aft. 
2d.). [5.] 
705. During the menses she was obliged to urinate frequently, 
which corroded the genital organs (6th d.). [5.] 

Violent headache before the menses, which set in 4 days too 
early, the headache ceased when the menses appeared, but it reap- 
peared after they had flowed for one day, and continued during 
the whole period; the flow was weaker than usual and lasted 5 
days (aft. 22 d.). [5.] 

The menses leave behind, after their course, considerable pros- 
tration of mind and body; a httle work and a moderate walk 
exhaust her and she feels low-spirited. 

lycucorrhoea. [A^.] 

The leucorrhoea (which had been flowing: before) ceased. 
710. Ivcucorrhoea after the menses, painless, lasting 3 days (aft. 
27 d.). {S.'\ 

Frequent acrid leucorrhoea. 

Acrid leucorrhoea with burning in the genital organs and still 
more in the rectum; these parts were, as it were, inflamed and ex- 
coriated, so that she found walking difficult, reheved by washing; 
with cold water; the leucorrhoea was frequent and almost flowed 
over her feet; at the same time appeared blood like bloody water 
3 days after the catamenia had ceased (22d d.). [5.] 

I^eucorrhoea hke bloody water in the afternoon, while walking 
in the open air (and while sitting down), and also at night. [A^.] 

AI^UMINA.. 215 

Severe leucorrhoea of transparent mucus, but only during 
the daytime, without pain and without cohc. 
715. Leucorrhoea, quite transparent and clear Hke water, and like 
transparent mucus, stiffening the shift (aft. 8 d.). [S.'] 
Yellow mucus flows from the vagina (aft. several d.). 
Itching in the pudenda during the leucorrhoea. [A^.] 

:|i ^ H< ^ ^ :^ >!< 

Frequent sneezing (and hiccough) without coryza (ist, 2d, 
7th d.). [A^^.] 

T/ie 710 se is stopped up (ist d.). 
720. The left nostril is stopped up (loth d.). [7>.] 

Indisposition as from coryza, which cannot develop itself. 

A sensation in the nose as if a cold in the head were coming 
on in the evening, for several days (4th d.). [7>.] 

Catarrh with sneezing and obstruction of the nose, the whole 
day (3d d.). lNg^, 

Dry coryza (9th d.). [A^.] 
725. Severe dry coryza, especially at night, with great dryness of 
the mouth. 

Sudden violent fluent coryza from the left nostril, while the 
right is entirely obstructed. 

First fluent coryza, then a severe dry coryza, so that he can- 
not breathe through either nostril. 

Secretion of much thick and viscid mucus from the nose. {Hb^ 

Water runs from the right nostril without coryza. [A^.] 
730. Running coryza (with obscured voice), afternoon and morn- 
ing (4th, 6th d.). {Ng:\ 

Running coryza with frequent sneezing and lachryma- 
tion. [5.] 

Snoring during the siesta (6th d.). [A^.] 

Rattling and whistling through the nose with obscured voice, 
afternoon (3d d.). [A^.] 

Rattling in the chest, from mucus (5th d. ). [A^.] 
735. Sibilus in the bronchia and sensation of smothering in the 
chest, while breathing. 

Constantly adhering mucus in the bronchia, which compels 
hawking, without detaching much mucus. \Hb7\ 

In the morning on awaking, the throat feels raw and the chest 
coated with mucus; he cannot hawk up anything, and has to 
sneeze frequently (aft. 12 h.). 

Feeling of dryness in both sides of the chest (15th d.). 

Hoarseness, early in the morning (i6th d ). 
740. Frequently quite hoarse, so that her voice fails her, not 
relieved by hawking, mostly in the afternoon and evening. 

Hoarse and raw feeling in the throat, the whole afternoon 
(aft. 5d.). [A^^.] 

Scraping and raw sensation in the throat, urgnig to cough 
(evening, 4th d.). [A^'., 7>.] 

Strong tickling in the throat, frequently exciting coui^h ^\\\\ 
d.). [rr.] 

Irritation to cough, in the larynx. \S^ 

2i6 hahxemann's chronic diseases. 

745. Irritation to cough, with frequent spitting out of saUva. [ 7>.] 
Cough, with scratching in the throat. [A^.] 
Cough which makes the chest feel sore, in the forenoon (3d 

Cough with pressive pain in the occiput. 

Frequent (short and dry) cough, forenoon and evening. 
[Ng-., Tr:\ 
750. Short fits of cough, causing a tearing, shooting pain in the 
right temple and the vertex. 

Violent, dry, short, continuous cough with sneezing, with a 
shooting, tearing and pinching pain in the nape of the neck to the 
right shoulder. 

Dry cough at night, with dr3mess in the throat (aft. 24 h.). 

Dry cough coming in the morning and suddenly, quickly 
passing away, or continuing in the open air and then also in the 
room (ist, 6th d.). [A^.] 

Constant dry cough causing vomiting with interception 
of breath and lancinating pain in the left hypogastrium up to the 
hypochondria and the scrobiculus cordis. 
755. Severe dry cough during the day, ever}^ fit is of long con- 
tinuance, only after 2 days these fits become rare and loose. 

Violent dry cough early on arising, followed later by some 
expectoration (4th, 6th d.). [A^.] 

Cough with much expectoration, especially in the morning. 

(The cough, with expectoration in the morning, ceases, 
(curative effect) (5th d.). [5.] 

(Cough with expectoration, with raw and hoarse throat, with 
fluent coryza.) [5.] 
760. Cough with slight rattling of phlegm; curative effect. [5.] 

Sudden violent, though short cough, when with much ex- 
ertion he expectorates a lump of mucus mixed with blood, in the 
afternoon (5th d.). [A^.] 

Difficult breathing, forenoon. \S.'\ 

His chest is oppressed. 

Oppression of the chest ( ist d. ). [7>] . 
765. Sensation in the throat as if it were constricted and the air cut 
off, as in a violent sore throat, but lasting only a few minutes at a 
time (the first yd.). {Hb:\ 

Oppression of the chest. 

Pressure, rush of blood and pulsation in the chest (aft. 2 h.). 


The chest feels as it were contracted, with anguish (nth d.). 

Sensation of constriction about the chest, while sitting bent 
together, passing away when he rises up, in the afternoon (ist 
d.). [AV.] 
770. In stoopmg at her work, her chest feels constricted, so she 
could scarcely breathe, as if she was laced too tightly; passing 
away when walking in the open air (9th d.). [5.] 

In a strong exertion, Hfting, carrying, etc., pain in the chest 

AI^UMINA. 217 

on the left side of the sternum, with soreness ot the spot to the 
touch (aft. 10 d.). [-^^.] 

Sensation of soreness within the ches, to nmoving or turning 
the body. [5.] 

Sensation of soreness as if from enlargement of the chest (ist, 
9th d.). im.'] 

Weight in the chest with short breath, without cough, only 
in the afternoon (i8th d.). [Ng.'] 

775. Pressive pain and tightness of the chest. 

Pressure on the chest. [^.] 

Pressure on the chest, on sitting bent forward while writing. 

Dry pressure anteriorly under the sternum. [S.'] 

Pressure on the sternum, aggravated on walking in the even- 
ing. [5.] 
780. Sensation as of a heavy pressure, above on both sides of the 
chest, on strong exertion, less while sitting, none at all while ly- 
ing down; no change by touching it. 

Pressure here and there in the chest. [A^.] 

Pressure in the chest, followed by empty eructations without 
alleviation, at times passing through to the back and worse in 
walking in the forenoon (ist and 20th d. ). \_Ng.'] 

Pressure on the chest, with short breath and inclination to 
cough, often ceasing and then again returning. \_Ng.'] 

Pressure on the chest during a (pre-existent) cough and 
after it, during which suddenly a paralyzing pain passes through 
the fore-arm, so that this becomes weary and powerless (aft. 

785. Pressive pain in the middle of the chest, alternating with a 
sensation of tightness and violent palpitation, especially after 
meals (8th, 9th d.). [T^r.] 

At night, severe pressive pain in the chest, which dis- 
turbs the sleep which is otherwise calm; the pain is not increased 
hy breathing, but by bending the head forward; for several days 
<aft. 5d.). [Tr.] 

At night while lying on the back, pressure in the chest with 
short breath; passing off when lying on the side (2d d. ). [A^.] 

Disagreeable contractive sensation on a small spot below the 
left chest (aft. 2 h.). [A^^.] 

Pinching pain in the upper part of the chest, in the evening 
while sitting down (ist d.). [Tr.'] 

790. Pain in the chest as if cut to pieces or sore, after dinner till 
10 p. M.; better on going to bed, but returning the following 
morning (with the early cough with a sensation of exhaustion in 
the chest,) with empty eructations and short breath, 7th d., 

While walking fast, sensation as if cut to pieces ui the chest 
with pressure; relieved by sitting, for fourteen days (^Jod.V 

Pain below in the sternum, as if from excoriation, cxtciianig to 
the stomach, followed by hoarseness. 


Sensation of soreness in the chest and in the scrobi- 
culus cordis with fatiguing cough, lachrymation and tenaciously 
adhering expectoration. [5.] 

Stitches in the chest here and there, sometimes aggravated 
by inspiration, sometimes burning. [A^.] 
795. Tearing stitch hke a Hghtning- flash from the right loms to the 
left part of the chest, through the scrobiculus cordis, while catch- 
ing breath. 

In stooping, a stitch from the left side of the abdomen out into 
the middle of the chest, at every breath; then also while standing 

Stitches above on both sides of the chest during, active motion; 
no stitches while sitting and walking; then it only presses with 
taking away of the breath. 

Stitches under the sternum, increased by talking, at the same 
time a pressing together of the chest as from a tight corset (35th 

d.). [S.) 

Sharp stitches in the upper part of the chest (3d.). [7>.] 
800. Boring pain now in the middle, now in the sides of the chest, 
aggravated on inspiration, at times in the evening and then 
relieved by rising up and walking. [A^.] 

Chill in the interior of the sternum. 

Continuous warmth in the middle of the chest (aft. 5 min.). 

Heat anteriorly in the chest; she feels the heat while breath- 

Burning in the whole right side of the chest, with stitches and 
straining in a false rib on the right side, in the afternoon (ist d. ). 

805. Daily palpitation of the heart, early on awaking. 

Frequent palpitation of the heart; several irregular beats,, 
short and long ones intermixed. 

Fine stitches in the left breast at 9 A. m. (2d d.). [A^.] 
External pressure on the lower part of the chest, (somewhat 
diminished by rubbing). [A^.] 

Itching on the sternum, passing off on scratching (15th d.). 

810. Crawling as of insects on the left clavicle (and over the right 
side of the chest with itching smarting) ; after scratching, the spot 
itches and burning blisters appear (i6th d.). [-A^.] 

Blister on the right side of the chest and on the neck, with 
burning pain; at the same time glowing of the face and chilliness 
in the rest of the body, but the sleep is sound and dreamless. [kS.]. 

Itching on the coccyx. 

At the point of the coccyx painful twitches in the fore- 
noon (2d d.). [A^.] 

Sensation of screwing together in the right ilium (ist d.). 

815. Gnawing pain in the coccyx, unchanged by walking, but 
alleviated by stretching (ist d., evening). [A^.] 

Violent pain in the small of the back, like gnawing, drawing 

AI^UMINA. 219 

Up between the shoulders, where it becomes so violent that she 
feels like weeping (relieved by chamomile) (32d d.)- [^V^-] 

Tearing stitching pain in the small of the back, in the even- 
ing before going to sleep, in bed. 

Jerking tearing in the small of the back , especially on moving. 

Pain in the small of the back while walking. 
820. Violent pain as from a bruise in the small of the back and (in 
the morning) in the coccyx when touched (4th, 7th d.). [A^.] 

Pain in the sacrum and in the back as if from a bruise. 

Eruptive pimples on the back. 

Burning itching, like a flea-bite, in the region of the left loins 
so that he shudders; it lasted a long time and only passed off after 
long continued scratching. [A^.] 

Itching on and between the shoulder blades. [A^.] 
825. Itching, crawling and smarting in the whole back, the small 
of the back, followed by a rumbling pain. [A^.] 

Strong pressure in the back, before the protusion of a varix 
from the rectum. 

Tearing pain in the left shoulder-blade (aft. 34 d.). 

Violent pain along the whole of the back, stitches and 
twitches, so that she cannot stoop nor pick up anything with her 
hand; increased on inspiration (3d d.). \_Hb.'] 

Fine stitches from the back to the region of the ribs (aft. 2 
h.). [Ng.-] 
830. From time to time, a severe stitch in the middle of the back. 

Pain in the back, as if a red hot iron was thrust through the 
lowest vertebrae. 

Burning on the upper end of the left shoulder-blade, some- 
what diminished by rubbing. [A^.] 

Two days in succession, stitches and cutting in the shoulder- 
blades with chilliness therein. 

Gnawing and stitches in the shoulder-blades (2d d.). [A^.] 
835. Stitches between the shoulder-blades. 

Stitches between (and in) the shoulder-blades, with arrest of 
breathing (ist, 2d d.). [A^.] 

Painful stiffness between the shoulder-blades, later dra\nng 
into the region of the ribs and the kidneys. [Bte.'] 

Painful tension between the shoulder-blades in the forenoon 
(2dd.). iNg.] 

Painful drawing in the muscles of the neck, not changed by 
rubbing and moving of the head, in the forenoon (ist d.). [^^^.] 
840. Violent tension in the nape of the neck for i hour in the 
afternoon (ist d.). [A^.] 

In the morning stiffness of the neck and the upper part of the 
back, with drawing pains, passing off through motion (^4th d.). 

Stitches in the nape of the neck. 

Stitches in the nape and the right side of the neck, only 
passing off on long continued rubbing, [^^i^.] 

The neck pains on moving the head. 
845. Itching in the nape and in the throat (att. iS d.\ [5.. 


Molent itching on the throat and chest, as if from flea-bites 
(aft. ID d.). [5.] 

Violent itchino; on the throat, neck and chest, without any 
visible eruption; only on touching it, there is felt here and there a 
hard granule (14th d.). [5.] 

Little Misters on the right side of the throat (8th d.). [A^.] 

Stitches in the glands on the right side and a drawing pressure 
in those of the left side of the neck (aft. j4 h..). [7>.] 
850. Stitches in the neck externall}^ on the left side, alleviated by 
pressing upon it; at the same time, tearing in the head and stitches 
in the ears (aft. 12 d.). [5".] 

Pressing and dramng in glands on the left side of the neck. 

Swelling on the glands of the left side of the neck. 

Stiffness of the muscles of the neck, so that she cannot turn 
her head to the left. 

Pain as from a sprain in the shoulder-joint, especially on 
raising up the arms. 
855. Frequenth'- intermittent tearing in both axilla, in the after- 
noon (4th d.).' [A^.] 

Sudden jerk or shake in the right shoulder (aft. 2 h. ). [A^.] 

Eruption across the shoulders of Httle reddish granules with 
a pointed pustule in the middle, which only cause some burning 
in the evening (aft. 6 and 14 d. ). [7>'.] 

Stitches in the axilla, the shoulders, and the arms, also at 
night. [A^^.] 

Tearing pains at various times in the arms and in all parts of 
the same, in the shoulders, the axillae, upper arms, elbows, fore- 
arms, etc. [A^.] 
860. Tearing in the arms, from the upper arms to the fingers, and 
from the fingers and wrists into the shoulders. [A^.] 

Parah'tic bruised pains in the arms, at times in the small of 
the back, from the right upper arm to the left fore-arm and vice 
versa. [A^.] 

Great weariness in the arms, which he can hardly raise up 
(3dd.). [7-;-.] 

Weariness of the arms. 

Great tiredness in one arm. 
865. Sensation of tightness in the arm as from cold. 

From time to time heat in the right arm, sensible even exter- 

Burning (with tension) in the arms (the upper arms; and the 
fingers, and in the left elbow, as from a red-hot iron. [A^.] 

Swelling (soft, red) on the arm, and violent stitches therein. 

Itching on all parts of the arms, passing off through scratch- 
ing. [A^.] 
870. Pain as if from a sprain, in the upper arm. 

Drawing pain in the left humerus (2dd.). [7>'.] 

Tearing pain at the back part of the upper arm extending 
into the shoulder-blades, while sneezing and coughing. 

Stitches in the muscles of the left upper arm (after several h. ) . 

(Lancinating) tearing in the upper arm and in the elbow, 
as if in the bone, in the forenoon. [^A^.] 

AI.UMINA. 221 

Lancinating pain in the elbow and wrist, as if from a sprain. 

Almost constant boring pain in the point of the elbow. 

Pain above the point of the elbow, especially on leaning upon 
it, as from a sharp pressure in the upper arm. 

In the fore-arm an aching drawing pain, while at rest. 

Drawing, tearing pain in the fore-arm even to the hand, in 
the morning on awaking. 
880. Painful tearing in the fore-arm, as if in the bone, for one min- 
ute, thrice. 

Tearing in the fore-arms into the wrists and the fingers. 

Constant visible twitching or quivering on the right fore- 
arm and on the posterior joint of the left thumb. [A^.] 

Extraordinar}^ heaviness in the fore-arms and hands, while 
her arms seem to her to be shorter. [A^.] 

His left fore-arm goes to sleep every day; there is a pricking 
sensation in it from the hand to the elbow. 
885. On waking up, the right hand is asleep. 

The left wrist is sensitive, so that he cannot lift up anything 
without the greatest pains, [i^-;^.] 

Distended veins on the hands, in the afternoon and evening. 

Itching on the palms and the back of the hands and between 
the fingers, passing away on scratching. [A^.] 

After violent itching of the hands, the skin peels off like 
bran, on the 3d day; at the same time there appears behind the 
left thumb and index-finger a little red spot which burns violently, 
but only for one day. [A^.] 
890. Continual disagreeable coldness of the hands. 

Rough, chapped hands, bleeding easily. [^<^.] 

On the right index-finger a sensation, as if sprained. [6*.] 

The middle fingers pain on being moved. 

Drawing pain in the thumb and index. 
895. Tearing in and between the fingers. [A^.] 

The left thumb went to sleep twice in the afternoon, and then 
for a long time there was a crawling sensation in it. [A'V.] 

Formication in the fingers of the right hand, with burning 
stitches as from ants, in the evening (6th d.). [AV.] 

Gnawing under the nails of the fingers, with formication 
up the arms, up to the clavicle. [A^.] 

Swelling of the fingers. 
900. Itching on and between the fingers, passing off bv scratching. 

Itching on the fingers of the right hand, aggravated by 
scratching and rubbing. 

Itching about the posterior joints of the fingers, aggravated 
by rubbing, which causes an unbearable pain in the bones of the 

Formicating burning itching between the index and middle 
finger of the left hand. [A^.] 

Inclination to festering in the tips of the fingers; there appears 


there a white suppurating spot with lancinating pains, which, 
however, also passes awa}^ again without breaking open. [Z/"^.] 
905. A scar on the finger, caused by a cut 9 3^ears ago at a dissec- 
tion, begins to itch (9th- 12th d.). [7>.] 

Extreme brittleness of the finger nails; they break off when 
about to be cut. \_Bte.'] 

Pain in the right hip-joint. 

Tearing pain above both the hips and on the upper border of 
the pelvis. 

Tearing in the hip-bone. [A^.] 
910. Stitches in the right region of the peMs. [A^.] 

Stitches in the left hip, which branch off into the small of the 
back and into the flanks, and return at the inspiration. [A^.] 

Cutting as with a knife across the right nates, in the fore- 
noon (2d d.). [A^.] 

In sitting, the nates go to sleep. 

Pain in the left hip as if bruised, aggravated b}^ pressure, in 
the morning (4th d.). [A^.] 
915. Tearing and stitches in the hip- joint and immediate^ above 
the knee, in paroxj^sms. \Bte^ 

Furuncle on the right hip, terminating in suppuration. [A^.] 

Pain in the legs and loins while moving. 

After walking, pain in the legs and loins, preventing her from 

Drawing in the legs. 
920. Tearing in the legs, both the thighs and the legs, while 
sitting and lying down, especially at night. [A^.] 

In the thighs and the legs long continued straining down- 
wards, almost like cramp; lasting onl}^ a few minutes, but return- 
ing frequenth\ 

Gnawing pain in the legs. \Bte.'\ 

For several evenings, about 7 o'clock, restlessness in the legs 
foi >< hour, before she went to sleep. 

Heaviness in the legs, so that she can scarcely lift them. 
925. Great weight in the lower limbs, so that he can hardly drag 
them along; he staggers in walking, and has to sit down; in the 
evening (5th d.). [A^.] 

Great weariness of the legs, while sitting down. [A-^.] 

Burning and smarting itching, passing off bv scratching, on 
the thighs. [A^.] 

Itching (and a fine eruption) on the inside of the rigfht thieh. 

Pam m the left hough, the boy cannot stand well upon his 
930. At night, violent pain in the hough down to the heel. 

A sensation of pressure into the left hough, while walking, 
after rising from being seated. [A^.] 

Drawing pain in the houghs while ascending the stairs, but 
not while descending. 

_ Drawing pain in both knees on ascending the stairs, but not 
while merely bending or touching them. 


Pain in the patella, but only when pressing upon it with the 
hand and when flexing the knee-joint. 
935. Jerking, sharp pressure from without inward on the patella. 

Tearing in the knees and patellae. [A^.] 

In the evening before going to sleep, a lancinating, tearing 
pain in the knee. 

Dull tearing on the inside of the left knee, in the evening 
(19th d.). 

Violent tearing from the knees downward out at the 
toes, with a sensation of swelling at the knee; in the afternoon 
till evening (relieved by walking) (21st d.). [i\^.] 
940. Stitches in the left knee, only while sitting, passing away 
when walking in the open air. [A^.] 

Stitches and tearing in the right knee, in the evening (istd.). 

Painful boring in the right knee (aft. 2 h. ). [Ng.'] 

Cracking of the right knee in walking. 

Trembling of the knees. 
945. The knees appear to her larger during the pains. [A^.] 

Weariness of the legs, especially in the middle of the tibiae, 
as if bruised; while standing and walking, when it is worst, she 
feels like sinking down; (diminished while sitting and lying down) , 
especially in the evening. [A^.] 

Pain as from bruises on the right tibia, especially during 

In the evening in bed, stitches in the right tibia [A^.] 

lyancinating, cramp-like pain in the right leg, with a feeling 
of numbness during the siesta while sitting, and also after awaking. 
950. Tearing in the legs at various times. [A^.] 

Tearing drawing in the leg, extending from the external 

In the evening, tearing in the tendo Achillis of both legs 
(5th d.). [A^^.] 

Keen, drawing pain in the tendo Achillis while at rest, not 
while walking. 

Painless drawing down in both calves (aft. 2 h.). [A^.] 
955. Tearing in the calves. 

In walking, the muscles of the calves seem too short, they feel 
strained (aft. 20 h.). 

Tensive pain on the inside of the calves, while walking. 

Tension (and burning) on the outside of the right calf, in the 
evening (2d d.). [A^.] 

The (previously existing) tension in the calves (the soles ot 
the feet and the toes, in cramps and paralysis of the legs) is much 
increased and includes the knee, so that he cannot keep erect; 
then a burning, lancinating and sometimes also a cutting pain in 
the calves and the soles (ist d.). \_Hb.'] 
960. Repeated cramp of the calves. 

When she puts one foot across the other, or steps upon her 
toes, she is every time immediatel}^ seized with painful cramps of 
the calves. 


Cramps in the calves, as if the tendons were too short after 
rising from his seat; passing off when walking, before that his 
legs suddenly becam^e so weary that he was afraid to rise, in the 
afternoon (2d d.). [iV^.] 

Painless beating or throbbing in the left calf, like a pulsation, 
in the morning (4th d.). [^-J 

Violent formication in both calves, as from ants, after supper 
(5th d.). [_Ng.-] 
965. Itching of the calves. [_Ng.'] 

Sensation in the left heel as if it were being pressed to- 
gether from both sides (2d d.). [A^.] 

Tearing in the feet and ankles at various times. [A^.] 

Heaviness in the feet, with tearing. [S.'] 

Heaviness in the feet, with great weariness in the legs (3d.). 

970. The right foot goes to sleep, with formication. [A^^.] 

Painful drawing below the ankles (loth d.). \_Hb.^ 

Pain in the bones on the dorsum of the foot, on touching, 
with itching of those parts (ist d.). \^Hb.'\ 

On Xxying to step upon the foot, intense stitches in the ankle 
of the right foot and violent cutting from the left big toe into the 
heel, so that he is unable to step on his foot (2d d. ). \_Hb.'] 

Numbness of the heel on stepping on his foot, 
975. Stitching (ticlding) and pricking sensation in the soles of the 
feet. ^m.^Ng.-] 

Itching in the sole of the foot. 

Tickling itching in the sole of the foot. \_Bte.'] 

Burning stitches in the sole of the right foot, in the evening 
and morning, passing off after rubbing. [A^.] 

Tension in the sole of the foot, in the forenoon (2d d. ). [A^.] 
980. Painful sensitiveness of the sole of the right foot. 

Pain in the sole of the foot, when stepping on it, as if it 
were too soft and swollen. 

The hard skin of the sole of the foot is very sensitive to the 
touch and causes, even of itself, violent pressive pain. 

The old, hard skin on the feet becomes very sensitive. [Hb.'] 

Excoriating stitches in the corns. 
985 An ulcer on the sole of the foot, which had almost healed, 
causes a lancinating pain on stepping on it in the room, after 
walking in the open air. [A'^.] 

lyancinating pain in the ball of the great toe. [Hb.'] 

Burning lancinations in the left big toe, near the nail, at 
night. [Hb.'] 

Cutting in the right big toe, as if he were walking on knives, 
in the morning while walking (4th d.). [A^.] 

Formication in the big toe, as if it had been frozen r2d d ) 

990. Itching of the toes after staying in the cold air. \_Hb.'] 

Itching of the toes and feet when getting warm in walking; 

this ceases immediately after the walk (aft. 30 d.). [Hb.'] 

Itching, with shining redness of the big toes; painful on ex 

ternal pressure (aft. 4 d.). [Hb.'] 

AI^UMINA. 225 

Itching of the toes, with redness as if they had been 
frozen, worse after scratching, in the evening (3d, 4th, i6th d.). 

Tetters between the toes. 
995. Corns are very painful. [Bte.'} 

Drawing in the hnibs. 

Tension in the dorsum of the feet and hands, hke burning, as 
if from a swelHng. 

Continual burning and stitches in the anus, with stiffness of 
the back, so that she cannot move well. 

(Dull, pressive pains in the bones, especially of the legs, the 
chest and the back. ) 
1000. Tearing in the left shoulder-blade, in the arms, the hands 
and the legs, especially in the evening (3d d. ). 

Pains darting quick as lightning in the right shoulder, the 
small of the back and the abdomen; then as if bruised (2dd. ). 

[^^■] . 

Pain as from a bruise in the loins, above the hips, and in the 
muscles of the calves in walking. 

Pain as from a bruise in the back and all the limbs as in fever 
and ague. [Bte.^ 

On entering the room after walking in the open air, there is 
oppression and nausea during speaking. 
1005. After walking in the open air, excessive cheerfulness and a 
staring look; then, with every motion, a cold shudder and perspira- 
tion with chilliness about the head; when going to bed the head, 
the hands and feet are hot. 

During bodily exertions a rush of heat over the whole body, 
then shaking and chilly shuddering, with a burning sensation in 
the abdomen. 

During bodily labor, a cramp-like sensation like numbness up 
the whole of the left leg, so also in the left arm, with a reeling 
stupefaction of the head, in intermittent attacks (14th d.). 

All the muscles feel as if paralyzed. \_Bte.^ 

In the morning, paralytic weakness in all the limbs, with stu- 
pefaction of the head in paroxysms of several minutes (lotli d.). 
10 10. Rigidity in the hands and feet, as if they were asleep, early 
on awaking; after rising and walking about, it passed away. 

The ring finger and the little finger, also the knee and lastly 
the heel, go to sleep after sitting. 

Slow, tottering gait, as after a severe illness. [>5/r.] 

An attack in the evening: she feels sick and things turn 
around with her, with constant palpitation and severe anxiety, 
lasting the whole night till the next forenoon. 

On entering the room after walking in the open air, anxiety 
and nausea during speaking ensues. 
1015. An attack in the evening; violent pain in the small ot the 
back and vertigo, then urging to stool with a discharge of mere 
blood; she felt as if paralyzed in the small of the back; it gave 
her no support in sitting up straight. 



An attack: rush of blood to the head, black before the eyes^ 
vertigo, ringing before the ears and sleepiness. 

An attack: first he sat still without answering, then anxious 
groaning for 5 minutes, then for 10 minutes severe convulsive 
laughter, then again weeping; then alternately laughter and 

In the evening in bed, inclination to convulsive laughter 

Tremulous excitement of the whole nervous system. [^/^.] 
1020. Shaking pulsation through the whole bod3^ \_Bte.^ 

Sensation of contraction in the right index finger and the 
foot, as if the tendons were too short; if he touches anything with, 
the finger, he feels as if electrified. [5.] 

During the siesta, when he is about to go to sleep while sit- 
ting, a jerk through head and limbs, like an electric shock, with, 

His arm and also his head are jerked backwards several 
times, with anxiety. 

In the evening, twitches in both legs at once, especially in the 
legs and feet, then an inclination in the arms to turn about and ta 
stretch upward. 
1025. Involuntary twitches now and then, and movements of one 
foot, of the fingers, etc. 

Involuntary movements of the head and of other members. 

Twitchings in all the limbs. 

Tortures in the limbs as if the bones were compressed, with 
pressure in the joints. 

Restlessness, obliged always to move the feet and to walk 
1030. Restlessness, both while sitting and lying down, she has to 
move the hands and the feet, now here, now there. 

Most of the troubles seem to come while sitting and to be al- 
leviated by walking. [A^.] 

All the symptoms are aggravated immediately after dinner. 

Most of the troubles appear soon after dinner and in the even- 
ing. [A^^.] 

Many of the troubles come after dinner and last till evening, 
while they vanish in the forenoon and at night. [A^.] 
1035. Potatoes seem to aggravate or to again call forth the symp- 
toms. [iV^.] 

He feels best after meals. [S.] 

He feels somewhat better every other day. [5.] 

He feels pretty well during the day; most of the troubles 
come on in the morning and evening. [5.] 

The patient appears better in the open air and in the evening-. 

1040. Disposition to colds; even in the room she becomes hoarse; 
improved by walking in the open air. 

Perspiration at every motion and afterwards shuddering from 
chiUiness, as if the person had taken cold. 



Sensation in the limbs, as if cold had been taken; during the 
day frequent chilliness and in the evening heat in the face. 

Unbearable itching of the whole body, especially on getting 
warm, and in bed; he has to scratch until he bleeds and after 
scratching the skin is painful. [//<^.] 

Itching on the whole of the body, especially in the face 
(7th d.). 
1045. Itching here and there in small spots of the body, mostly in 
the evening; does not disappear from scratching. [A^.] 

Violent itching of the whole body, as if an eruption would 
break out (5th d.). [Hb.'] 

Severe itching and fretting of the skin of the whole body, re- 
lieved but little by scratching. 

Stinging itching of the back and also of the side of the abdo- 
men (2d d.). 

Stinging, now here, now there, on the whole body, especially 
in the evening. [A^.] 
1050. The tetters (small, white, itching pimples in groups) multi- 

ply. [m.-] 

Itching of the tetters, especially towards evening. \^Hb^ 

Violently itching miliary eruption on the arms and legs with- 
out redness, with bleeding of serum after scratching. \Bte.^ 

Itching stinging in the tetters. \Hb.'\ 

lyittle injuries of the skin become excoriated and inflamed. 
1055. Great lassitude of the body, especially after walking in the 
open air, with yawning, stretching and extension of the limbs, 
sleepiness and inclination to lie down, which however increases the 
weariness (ist and 3d d. ). [7>.] 

Lassitude throughout the whole body, with dullness of the 
thinking faculty, flying heat in the face and anxiety (4th d.). 

A little talking and a little walk fatigues him. 

Especially much wearied by talking. 

Excessively tired and weary; he must sit down. 
1060. Tremulous weariness. 

Weariness in the forenoon and severe chilliness; in the after- 
noon she shook from cold in the back. \S.~\ 

Very weary in the whole body, with chilliness and headache 
(33d d.). lNg.-\ 

Weary, dizzy in the head, the pulse often feverish, and in dis- 
posed to work, for several days; also little appetite; after dinner 
sleepy; heaviness in the body, frequent inclination to eructation, 
which however does not take place at all or only imperfectly (^aft. 
4w.). \Hb:\ 

Fatigued, wear}--, so that she can hardh' lift her feet, at the 
same time sleepy and lazy (22d d.). \S.'\ 
1065. Irresistible inclination to lie down (aft. 3 li.\ 

Weary and sleepy. 

Much yawning, with sleepiness (only passing a\va>- in the 
open air). [A^.] 

Constant yawning, also before dinner, without sleepiness. 
\Tr., Ng:\ 


Sleepiness during the day. 
1070. With great weariness, she is irresistibly overcome in the fore- 
noon by sleep; she lies down and sleeps soundly for i hour, when 
the weariness has disappeared and she feels very well. [-A^.] 

Great drowsiness in the evening, even while standing. 

Great drowsiness in the evening, as early as 6 o'clock. [A^.] 

She goes to sleep early in the evening. [^.] 

In the morning when rising, she feels as if she had not slept 
enough; wear}^ with yawning. 
1075. In the morning after a restless sleep, he is still tired and does 
not want to rise. \Hb^ 

He always desires to sleep late in the morning. [^S.] 

He alwa3^s has to sleep longer in the morning than usual, and 
can not rouse himself; on the other hand, he can not at once go to 
sleep in the evening. [^.] 

In the evening, he is late in getting to sleep on account of fre- 
quent fantastic imaginings (2d d. ). [7>.] 

Can not go to sleep for a whole hour in the evening, but 
- afterwards he sleeps well. [A^.] 

1080. He can not go to sleep before midnight, hindered as it were 
by a heavy feeling in his arms. 

He can not go to sleep before midnight, and throws himself 
from one side to the other (2d d.). [A^.] 

At night, restless in all the limbs, this prevents his going to 

She can not find rest at night anywhere, she throws herself 
about and everything hurts her, for several nights (aft. 15 d.). 

Restless sleep: he throws himself about in the bed; he feels 
hot and anxious; at the same time twitches of the limbs and start- 
ing before going to sleep. [5.] 
1085. During the first nights, a very restless sleep. [5*.] 

Restless sleep; she often turned over; she felt hot, she mostly 
lay uncovered; her sleep was only a slumber without refreshing 
her, with manj^ dreams and frequent awaking (7th d.). [kS.] 

Restless sleep, with toothache. \_Bfe.^ 

Frequent awaking at night, for 8 days (12th d.). [A^.] 

Aw^aking before midnight from a dry cough, first with chilli- 
ness, and later with a dr>'- heat. [A^.] 
1090. After midnight a restless sleep, he awakes often and tosses 
about in his bed. [//^.] 

At night in bed, beating at the roots of his teeth like pulsa- 
tion. [Bte.] 

At 12 at night, he awakes from violent griping and rumbling 
in the abdomen, which passes away toward morning (aft. 12 d.). 

At night in bed, headache. 

In the evening in bed, griping in the scrobiculus cordis. 
1095. Violent pains at night, in the hough and down to the heel. 

He awakes at night with cramps and tightness of the chest 
(after a long walk on the da}^ before). 


Early about 4 o'clock, waking up from chilliness of the whole 
body, with violent contraction in the stomach, constant empty 
eructation which relieves; then four fluid stools in succession, 
with continual chilliness and with subsequent burning in the anus; 
the chilliness lasts till evening (32d d.). [A^.] 

At night on awaking, anxiety, oppressed breathing and copi- 
ous perspiration. 

Is waked up about 4 or 5 in the morning by anguish in his 
heart, as if perspiration would break out, which does not appear; 
on rising, the anguish immediately disappears. 
HOG. Awaking toward morning, he is tormented with thoughts of 
anguish of death, on account of imaginary pains while sleeping. 

Awaking in the morning with depression as from sor- 
row, without clear consciousness. 

Awaking early, with nausea and qualmishness in the stomach, 
and fatigued as if the sleep had in no way refreshed her; at the 
same time a quick feverish pulse with internal heat (3d d). \_S.^ 

Early in bed on awaking, a drawing, smarting sensation in the 

Starting up after midnight from an anxious dream (that a 
horse pursued him and wanted to bite him) (loth d.). [A^.] 
1 105. Violent starting from sleep, before midnight, and a complete 
awaking (7th d.). [A^.] 

She talked aloud in her sleep, laughed and wept. 

Much talking in sleep, as if he had anxious dreams. 

Before midnight great restlessness during sleep with violent 
weeping and disconsolate grief, without any proper consciousness, 
for some minutes. 

She moans and groans at night as if she were weeping, but 
she is unconscious of it, soon after going to sleep (7th d.). 
mo. He rises at night unconsciously from his bed and with his 
eyes firmly closed, he walks anxiously from one room into the 
other, rubbing his eyes; being brought again to bed, the boy went 
straight to sleep again. 

The sleep is too sound, she has to be waked up. 

Sound (dreamy) sleep with erections. [7)^] 

The sleep is deep toward morning, with dreams that tire the 
head (aft. 10 h.). 

Good sleep with many (agreeable) dreams. [5.] 
1 1 15. Agreeable dreams about receiving money and the like. [^^J:■.] 

Confused dreams. [S.'] 

Shameful dream. [A^.] 

Many dreams, but all of a disagreeable kind. \_S.~\ 

Dreams of quarrels and vexation. [Al^.] 
1 1 20. Dreams of falling stars, of a conflagration, of marriages. 

Dreams of thieves, with anxious awaking. 
Dreams of committing a theft or that she had fallen among 
robbers. [A^.] 

Dreams of death and burial. [A [<,'-.] 


Tormenting dreams, which on awaking leave behind them a 
deadh' fear. 
1125. Distressing dreams with restless, sleep. 

Anxious dreams towards morning, the sleep being otherwise 
good (aft. 12 d.). [5.] 

Frightfully anxious dreams and nightmare. 

Anxious dreams, e. g., the flayer forces dog's meat into his 
. mouth. [5.] 

In his dream he has to descend from a height, and thinks that 
he must fall. 
II 30. A dream, that she is in a ferry-boat sinking in the river, with 
anxious awaking. [A^.] 

A dream that he is going about in a river, in which he sees 
snakes and other animals of which he is afraid. [A^.] 

He dreams of ghosts, and makes a noise in the night, so that 
he wakens. \S7\ 

The whole night, chilliness and restless sleep (33 d.). [A^.] 

Chilly, shudders by the warm stove (15th d.). 
1 135. In the evening from 7 to 8, a chill, so that she has to go to 
bed from cold, but can not for a long time get warm even in bed 
(5th d.). [A^^.] 

Very sensitive to cold air, especiall}^ m the feet. \Bte.\ 

Internal chill and shuddering, with a desire for the warm 
stove, and extending and stretching the limbs, worse after warm 

Chilly feeling in the open air. 

Chilly over the whole body; the feet are like ice the whole 
day, with heat in the head, also in the room (ist d.). [A^.] 
1 140. With an internal chill, external warmth, especially in the 
cheeks, with dark redness of the same as with brandy drinkers. 

With an external chill, hot cheeks and cold hands. \Bte^'^ 

Chills running over the body, without thirst and without sub- 
sequent heat or perspiration, from 4 to 6 in the afternoon, with 
beating pains in the forehead and in the occiput, relieved by press- 
ing upon it with the hand (9th d. ). [5.] 

Chilliness, constant eructations, bitter taste in the mouth, fre- 
quent gathering of saliva, great lassitude and headache as if the 
head would split, especially above in the vertex, with vertigo (al- 
leviated by a dose of Ipecac) (34th d.). [A§-.] 

Shudderings one after another, in the evening (2d d.). 


1 1 45. Ever 3^ other day, feverish shudderings over the whole body, 
toward evening, without thirst, with lack of appetite, sleeplessness 
and restless tossing in bed. [vS.] 

In the evening, feverish movements, shuddering and chilli- 
ness, aggravated by the least movement, and only now and then a 
transient flush of the face (ist d.). \Tr.'\ 

Evening fever; severe chill about 5 o'clock, especially in the 
back and the feet, so that she could not get warm by the warm 

* Bryonia is an antidote to fevers caused by Alumina. \^Bte. ] 


Stove; after Y^. hour, perspiration without thirst r6th, 7th d.). 

Evening fever, chill and heat, frequently alternating, with a 
hot face and chills and shuddering in the rest of the body. 

Internal chilliness, with hot hands and hot lobes of the ear 
(aft. 2 h.). 
1150. After ^ hour's chilliness, heat of the body and perspiration 
of the face. \Tr.'\ 

Pleasant, transient warmth in the right side of the face, in 
the afternoon (5th d.). [A^.] 

Sudden flush of the face, with redness, but only transient 
(5th d.). [A-^.] 

Sensation in the body as after having been violently heated, 
while sitting (the first days). [7>.] 

In the evening, heat in the whole body for 2 hours; it seems 
to start from the head (5thd. ). [A^.] 
1155. Feverish weariness, with internal heat. 

Towards evening, heat in the whole body, especially in the 
feet, then a shaking chill, so that she had to go to bed, where she 
soon went to sleep; neither in the heat nor in the chill, any thirst 
or other trouble (nth d. ) . [6*.] 

Heat before midnight, keeping him from going to sleep. 

Distressing heat at night and perspiration. 

Sudden heat, with perspiration and distressing palpitation. 
I160. In the morning, if she remains in bed after 6 o'clock, she be- 
gins to perspire, for several mornings (aft. 9 d.) [kS.] 

Rushes of blood, with increased pulse, and trembling of the 
hands while writing; also after meals, with heat of the whole 
body and perspiration of the face (ist d. ). [7>.] 



(The salt obtained from equal parts of sal-ammoniac and cr>'stal- 
line carbonate of soda, triturated together and sublimated at a mod- 
erate heat.^'') 

* Instead of procuring this salt from chemical laboratories, as our druggists 
do of late, and then, in order to free it from any contents of lead which may be 
suspected, subliming it again, (G. Pharm. boruss. P. 134,) (what a round about 
•course!) we need only to put an ounce of the above-mentioned mixture into a 
good sized medicine bottle which is loosely corked, place this bottle in an iron 
pan filled with sand, immersing the bottle as deeply as the mixture extends, sub- 
limate the ammonia by fire into the upper part of the bottle and then break 
this off in order to secure the contents. 


Of this salt one grain is triturated for i hour with loo grains of 
sugar of milk, as I have described in the first part, in the directions 
for preparing antipsoric remedies, and we thus get the first one hun- 
dredfold, potentized powder-attenuation (tto J- One grain of this 
powder, again, is triturated with loo grains of fresh sugar of milk in 
a similar manner to ^ ,;, , , ^ o - and one grain of this is triturated with 
another loo grains of sugar of milk to the millionfold potentized 
powder-attenuation 'I'. One grain of this ^ as given in the direc- 
tions) is dissolved in loo drops of alcohol mixed with water, and shaken 
twice, forming a hquid (yiy^ I; which is then potentized through 27 
additional \4als, each containing 100 drops of good alcohol, up to the 
deciUionth attenuation X ' by two strokes of the arm. With this i, 
2 or 3 of the finest pellets are moistened for a dose, which, when 
homoeopathicalh' selected, at times operates for more than 36 days. 

This medicine serA^es in its way ven.- well for curative antipsoric 
purposes in chronic diseases, especially in cases where the foUo^^ing 
S3'mptoms prevail or are present among others : 

Timidity; disobedience: obstinacy: loathing of life: uneasiness in 
the evening; distress; anxiety with weakness: diminished faculty- of 
thinking; vertigo while sitting and reading; long continued headache; 
headache as if it would burst out at the forehead: headache with 
nausea: hammering headache: falling out of the hair: dr^' pus on 
the eyehds: burning and sensation of cold in the eyes: obscuration 
of vision, with a glimmer before the eyes: black dots and streaks of 
hght, hovering before the e^'es; cataract > aft. 32 d. ;; short-sighted- 
ness; hardness of hearing, with suppuration and itching of the ear; 
humming and ringing before the ears: itching of the nose: suppurat- 
ing pustules in the nose: bleeding of the nose, in the morning while 
washing: freckles: chaps from the left upper hp across the cheek to 
the ear; cracking in the articulation of the jaw, while chewing: long- 
continued looseness of the teeth; sore throat as if raw; pain as of 
soreness in the throat; swelling of the interior of the mouth; after 
eructations, taste of the food and drinks partaken of: bitter taste 
in the mouth, especialh' after eating; scraping and burning, up the 
oesophagus, after a meal; headache, after a meal: nausea after a 
meal: during a meal, a dizzy vertigo: irresistible inclination to eat 
sugar: thirst; lack of appetite in the morning; sour eructations; 
heartburn; eructation and vomiting; stomachache; spasms of the 
stomach: contractive pain in the scrobiculus cordis, while stretching,^ 
burning pain in the Hver; boring stitches in the liver, in the evening 
while sitting; restlessness in the abdomen: concussive pain in the 
hj'pogastrium when setting the foot down: constipation: difficult 
evacuations; colic with diarrhcea: blood with the stools: discharofe 


of blood from the anus (flowing piles); itching of the anus; varices of 
the ajius; nightly micturition; pollutions; (lack of sexual instinct;) 
menses too scanty; sterility with too scanty menses; catamenia too 
short and too scanty; menses too early; with the catamenia, pres- 
sure on the genitals, cutting in the abdomen, tearing in the back and 
in the genital organs, compelling her to lie down; watery dis- 
charge from the uterus; leucorrhcea; copious, excoriating, acrid 
leucorrhoea; long-continued dryness of the nose; chronic coryza; 
dry coryza; dyspnoea; asthma; cough; cough with hoarseness, while 
the body is warm; cough from tickling in the throat, with expectora- 
tion; cough during the day; cough at night; stitches in the small of 
the back, while coughing; burning in the chest from below upward; 
tearing from the upper left side of the chest to the shoulder- joint; 
stitches in the fleshy part of the chest; goitre; swelling of the cervi- 
cal glands, with an itching eruption of the face and body; pain in 
nape of the neck; rigidity of the arms and fingers and numbness of 
the same at night, in the morning and while grasping something; 
pain ifi the zvrist-joint^ sprained some time previous-, swelling of the 
fingers, while the aims hang down; the fingers go to sleep; great 
weariness of the legs; drawing pain in the legs, while sitting; stitches 
in the heel; perspiration of the feet; swelling of the feet; cramp in 
the sole of the foot; pain of a sprain in the ball of the big toe, at 
night in bed; burning in the hands and feet; feeling of weakness in 
the limbs, while walking in the open air; dislike to taking walks; 
drawing and tension in the small of the back and the joints; curva- 
ture of the bones; warts; burning, stitches and tearing pains in the 
corns; drowsiness during the day ; sleeplessness at night ; nightmare, 
when going to sleep; fever-heat in the head, with cold feet; chilli- 
ness in the evening; perspiration. 

This medicine may be advantageously repeated after some inter- 
mediate remedies. Smelling of a solution of camphor moderates 
its excessive action. 

The abbreviations of my fellow provers are: Hb., Dr. Hart- 
laub; Ng.^ Gr., Dr. Gross; Stf., medical councillor Dr. Stapf: 
Tr., Dr. Tri?iks; S., Dr. Schreter.^ 

*See note imder Alumina. 

1 Ammonium carbonicum had already appeared in the first edition of the Chronic 
Diseases &ndi\.\\Q new symptoms from Hahnemann published in the second, must be of the 
same origin as those of the first. The greater number of the additions is from " iVsj.," published 
with a few from Hartlaub and Trinks in vol. II, of their ArzHeimitteUchn'. The nature of the 
observations of Ng. has already been stated under Alumina. Schreter's pathogenesis (without 
information as to its mode of production, appears in vol. Ill of the same work. The symptoms 
of Gross and Stapf— four only in all: Sympt. 656, 669, 670 and 675— are of uukuowu origin.— 




Serious mood. 

Gloomv, almost tearful humor, towards evening (2d d.). 

Very lugubrious, with thoughts of death. 
Grieving and sorrowful. 
5. Thoughts of previous annoyances torment him. 

Anxious and distressed about her diseased condition. 
Sad, dejected, feeling as if a misfortune was imminent, with 
. sensation of coldness in the forenoon. [A^.] 

Every afternoon between 5 and 6 o'clock she is seized with 
anguish, as if she had committed the greatest crime; this passes 
off in the evening. 

Many afternoons she is seized with weakness and timidity, so 
that she cannot control herself and knew not what to do; in the 
evening this state passes off. 

10. Severe compression of the heart, he knows not how to help 

The mind is restless and feels uncanny (2dd.). [5.] 
She finds no rest, and prospers in nothing (4th d.). [A^.] 
Sighs. [5.] 

Not disposed to anything. [6^.] 
15. Indisposed to work. 

Cloud}^ weather makes her excessively ill-humored. 
Peevish in the morning. 

Ill and peevish humor, sometimes with headache in the fore- 
noon. [A^.] 

Very unamiable, irritated, ill-humored, she answers only re- 
luctantly (on the 2d day of her menses). [A^.] 
20. Nothing pleased her. 

She could not bear anj^ noise. 
The child is verj^ self-willed. [_Gr.~\ 
Can bear no contradiction. 
Very peevish and passionate. 
25. Peevish, passionate, abusive, in the evening (6th d.). [A^.] 
In the evening after supper the mood improves (with the 
cessation of headache and of the pains in the stomach). [A^.] 
Very easilj^ frightened. 
Excessive and nervous exaltion. 
Sometimes extravagantly merry, 
30. He often laughs immoderately at a trifle (aft. 38 d.). [A§-.] 
He seems as if beside himself. 
His head is very thoughtless. 

Very forgetful, and there is headache when he reflects. [A^.] 
Very forgetful, distracted, cannot recollect (9th d. ). 
35. Ver}^ distracted and easily loses himself when telling a tale, 
passing from his train of thoughts into other thoughts and ex- 
pressions w^hich he did not wish to utter (8th d.). 

Anxious distraction, so that in speaking he does not at last 
know how to finish his speech. 


She can not well arrange her ideas. 

He speaks incorrectly, makes mistakes in speaking, and uses 
one word for another in telling a tale. 

He easily makes slips in writing and reckoning (9th d.). 
40. Numb and muddled feeling of the head (aft. ^ h. ). 

Stupefaction of the head. [6^.] 

After sitting a while (toward evening) dizziness as from in- 

When turning the body, everj^thing turns with him and his 
head is dizzy. 

Vertigo, and staggering of the feet, he must hold himself to 
avoid falling, for several days (aft. 3d.). [A^.] 
45. Vertigo, at night and in the morning (aft. 2d.). 

In the morning, vertigo with glimmering before his eyes, he 
has to sit down. 

Frequent vertigo, early on arising and lasting the whole day, 
worse in the evening, he feels as if the objects whirled around 
with him, also at night when he moves his head. [A"^.] 

At once in the morning, dizzy, sick at stomach and without 

Vertigo, with sickness at the stomach in the morning, soon 
passing off in walking (4th d. ). [A^.] 
50. Headache, early in bed, with nausea rising up into the throat, 
as if she would vomit, passing off after 2, 3 hours. 

Headache and pains in the stomach, with ill humor the whole 
day (3dd.). [A^^.] 

Headache after dinner (5th d.). [A^.] 

Headache with heaviness in the forehead in the morning, 
but worse in the afternoon (8th d.). [A^.] 

Pressure on the head above, for y^ h (aft. 6 d.). 
55. After being heated, pressure over the whole head (aft. 10 d.). 

Headache, now here now there in the brain; a pressure with 
stitches over one eye-brow. 

The head feels very heavy. 

Heaviness and beating in the forehead, after dinner. SJSfg^ 

Heaviness in the left side of the head, becoming worse in bed 
(46th d.). [A^^.] 
60. The right side of the head seems to her heavier, and as if the 
head were about to fall over to that side (ist d.) {Ng^^ 

Pressive sensation of fulness in the forehead as from coal-gas. 

Straining fulness in the vertex and the forehead, as if the head 
would burst there. 

In stooping, there is a tension in the nape of the neck, and in 
front, the head feels as if it would burst open with pain. 

Headache, throbbing in the forehead as if it would 
burst open. 
65. Raging in the right frontal protuberance, as if everything were 
coming out there (2dd.). [A^.] 

Compressive pain in the head as from a vice. 

A drawmg pain in the periosteum of the forehead awakens her 


early from her sleep, for several mornings; it passes away after ris- 

Drawing and tearing in the whole head, soon after rising, and 
during the whole day (23d d.). [A^.] 

Tearing in the temples, in the morning and evening. [Ng-.'] 
70. Tearing, upward behind the left ear, up into the crown, with 
a sensation, as if the head were split open. [A^.] 

Lancinating headache all the day. 

Lancinations here and there in the head, and especially on 
the right side, deep in the brain, passing away in the open air 
(4th, 42dd.). [A^^.] 

Lancinations in the left temple, increased while chewing. 

Stitches in the left temple, as from a dull instrument. [^.] 
75. Stitches as from a needle, above the right eye. [S.'] 

Stitches over the left eye, so violent that it often contracts the 
eyes, after meals (4th d.). [7r.] 

Boring stitches behind the right frontal protuberance, deep in 
the brain, at dinner (2d d. ). [A^.] 

Headache, like a sharp knocking or chopping; she could not 
move for pain, and had to lie still. 

Painful throbbing and beating in the temple, the left side of 
the head and the left occiput, at times with yawning. [A^.] 
80. On moving the head, and on pressing upon the head, pain as 
of ulceration in the whole head, especially in the occiput and 
in a gland situated there, for some time. [A^.] 

On moving the head, a sensation as if the brain fell hither 
and thither, toward the side to which he stoops, sometimes with 
lancinating pains; a symptom which leaves him no rest at night, 
for several weeks. [A^.] 

Headache, as if water or something else were in the head. 

Sensation as if the brain were loose in the head. 

The head easily catches cold. 
85. Itching of the head, with great sensitiveness of the integu- 
ments of the head, when scratching (lothd.). [A^.] 

Severe itching on the hairy scalp, especially of the occiput. 

Sensation as if the hairs would stand on end, with formication 
on the whole head, and a feeling of cold there; after coming into 
the room from the open air. [A^.] 

The hairs are painful to the touch. 

The skin of the head and the hairs are keenly sensitive when 
stroked with the hand; the movement made him shudder (the 
first evening). 
90. The eyes are weak; the child winks continually. \Gr.'\ 

On awaking, and when about to go to sleep, there is a pres- 
sure upon the eyehds so that he can not open them, although inter- 
nally he is awake. 

Pressure in the e3^es. [6^.] 

Pressure and cutting in the eyes (4th d.). 

Pressure and fine stitches in the eyes (2d d.). 
95. Stitches as from needles and pressure in the eyes. \S.'\ 

Smarting in the eyes, and itching of the edges of the hds. 


Itching and smarting of the eyes, which passes off by rubbing 
(in the morning) (ist, 4th, 12th d.). [A^.] 

Burning of the eyes the whole day, especially early on awak- 
ing, with photophobia, and in the evening, when going to sleep. 

In the right upper eyelid, a stye is becoming inflamed, with a 
sensation of tension (2d d. )• 
100. Inflammation of the right inner canthus, painless (26th d.) 

Eyes inflamed and dim of vision. 

The right eye somewhat inflamed and dim of vision. [5.] 

The e^^es are closed with gum in the morning. 

The eyes, after a good sleep, are agglutinated in the morning; 
she can not open them for a time. [-A^.] 
105. The eyes are glued together in the morning, during the day 
they run. [S.'] 

During reading, his eyes run. 

Watery eye; the white of the eye is full of red veins, as in an 
incipient inflammation of the eyes. 

The right eye is watery, and the vessels in the cornea are 
plainly visible. [5*.] 

Severe lachrymation, especially of the right eye, both in the 
open air and in the room. [A^.] 
no. In sneezing, white stars glimmer before the eyes. [A^.] 

A large black spot floats before the eyes, after she has been 

In the distance, and also when straining her sight on near 
objects, objects appear double to her. [A^.] 

Frequent painful stitches in the right ear. [A^-.] 

Stitches in the left ear (2d d.). 
115. At night, beating in the left ear, while lying on it, but passing 
off on turning over (6th d.). [A^.] 

Twitching and pinching in the internal ear. 

Twitching tension about the left ear, as also in the cheek-bone 
and in the temple, with swelling of the cervical glands. 

Tension behind the right ear. [A^.] 

Tearing below and behind the ears, at times extending to the 
crown, the occiput and the nape of the neck, as well as tow^ards 
the shoulders (aggravated by moving the head), after dinner. 

120. Hard swelling of the glands of the ear. 

In the morning, an itching above the ears, which extends over 
the whole body (3d d.). 

Formication and digging in the left ear, passing afterwards 
into the lower jaw (loth d.). [A§'.] 

A sound in the ears as from a distant shot, 5 or 6 times an 

Buzzing before the left ear. [A^.] 
125. Illusion of hearing; he thinks that a bell is ringing. [A'c-] 

In the night, buzzing in the left ear (2d d.). 

Daily after midnight, a rustHng in the (right) ear, on which 
he is lying in bed. [A^i,'.] 


Humming before the ears, as if the}^ were hard of hearing 
and as if something were lying before them (aft. 17 d.). 

The hearing is diminished. 
130. Painful sensitiveness of a deaf ear to a loud sound; her whole 
body shakes from it. 

Tearing in the left nostril, and at the same time in the left 
elbow, in the bone and extending toward the hand. [A^.] 

A quivering on the left side of the nose, which seemed to 
draw up the ala of the nose. 

Sensation in the point of the nose while stooping, as if the 
blood were accummulating in it. [^^^.] 

His nose pains when he draws in the air through it. 
135. Swelling, feeling of soreness and itching in the right nostril, 
and formication in it as from coryza; the nose is running (aft. 3d.). 

A pustule on the tip of the nose. 

A suppurating pustule on the side of the nose. 

A little blister in front, on the septum of the nose. [A^.] 

A furuncle with pus on the tip of the nose. [A^'.] 
140. An acrid fluid flows from the nose. 

Water runs from the nose on stooping. 

Pus drops from one of the nostrils, on blowing the nose in the 
morning (5th d.). 

Bloody mucus blo-wn out of the nose, frequently. 

Blood comes from the left nostril, on blowing his nose (2d d. ). 


145. Bleedmg of the nose (8th d.). 

Bleeding of the nose after meals (2d d.). 

Violent pain on the right side of the face. 

Painful tension and tearing in the right side of the face (2d 
d.). lNg.-\ 

Pressive pain in the Z3^goma. 
150. Drawing pain in the cheek-bone. 

Contraction of the skin of the forehead and in the face. 

Sensation as of stretching in the face, she has to rub her eyes 
and face, as in drowsiness. [A^.] 

Heat in the face, during mental exertion. 

Heat in the head and face, with red cheeks. [A^.] 
155. Redness of the left cheek. [A^.] 

Paleness of the face, with nausea, and mental and bodily 

Wretched appearance. [6^r.] 

Paleness of the face, with headache and stomachache and very 
ill humor (4th d.). [A^.] 

Pale, bloated face, for a long time (aft. 30 d.). [A^.] 
160. In the morning on awaking, tension of the skin of the face 
(on the nose and both hps), as if the face were swollen. 

Hard swelhng of the cheek, as w^ell as of the glands of the 
ears and neck. 

_ On the cheek, white spots, as large as lentils, hke herpes, 
which continually exfoliate. 

Furuncle on the cheek and around the ear. 



Little furuncle and nodules, discharging blood and water, on 
the cheek, the corner of the mouth and on the chin. [A^.] 
165. Eruption, like little furuncles, on the forehead. 

Eruption of pimples and vesicles on the forehead. 

Pustules on the forehead and the tip of the nose. [^'.J 

Miliar}^ eruption about the chin, painless. 

Pustule on the forehead, the temple, the cheek and the chin. 
170. Pustules on the cheeks, during the menses. [A^.] 

Itching on the mouth; both lips itch. 

A pimple on the upper lip, with burning pain. 

Burning vesicles on the vermilion of both lips. [A^.] 

Vesicles on the right corner of the mouth and the upper lip. 


175. Eruption on the mouth. 

Scaly eruption, like herpes, around the mouth. 

Scaly skin on the chin, with severe itching, not passing off by 
scratching. [A^.] 

The upper lip pains as if chapped. 

The lower lip is cracked open in the middle, with burning 
pain and bleeding. 
180. Chapped lips and sore corners of the mouth. 

Dry, cracked, chapped lips, with burning and a sensation as if 
full of vesicles. [A^.] 

Pain and swelling of the glands under the chin, with tension 
of the same on moving the mouth. [A^.] 

Under the gums, on the jaw, a swelling as large as a pigeon's 
^gg, which pains violently simply from the motion of the jaw in 

The gums are so sensitive that she dares not touch them with 
the tongue (41st d.). [A^.] 
185. Stitches on the inner, upper gums on the right side. [A^.] 

Itching of the gums, which bleed after scratching. [A^.] 

The gums are inclined to bleed. 

Sensation of swelling, and actual swelling and inflammation 
of the gums. [A^.] 

Swelling of the gums, with swelling of the cheek. 
190. Abscess on the gums, with discharge of pus. 

Pain in two of the molars, as when sweets get into a hollow 
tooth. [5.] - 

Violent toothache, with heat in the same side of the head (^aft. 
12 d.). 

Violent toothache in the evening, as soon as she gets 
to bed, through the whole night, not alleviated by any change of 
position. [A^.] 

At night, toothache, and the following day, a swollen cheek; 
then a swollen nose, and red spots in the face and on the neck. 
195. When a warm fluid gets into the mouth, it darts painfuUy 
through the teeth and the lower jaw of one side for 5 or 10 

Pain in almost all the teeth, especially whik^ chewing: ho 


can not speak for pain, and admitted no air into the mouth, as it. 
makes the pain unbearable. 

The teeth ache, when brought together in biting. 

A lower anterior incisor becomes very painful, when biting on 
it, on the 3d day of the menses. [A^.] 

Toothache, day and night, especially during (and after) 
eating, alleviated by applying warm cloths and pressure, during 
the menses. [AV.] 
200. Drawing toothache, also during the menses. [A^.] 

Drawing toothache during the menses, relieved b}^ eating 
(aft. 6h.). 

Drawling toothache as if in the jaws, extending to the ears and 
the cheeks, only when eating and biting on the teeth. [A^.] 

Twitching in an infected molar after dinner, ceasing on pick- 
ing with a tooth-pick. [A^.] 

Tearing pains in the upper row of teeth. 
205. Drawing tearing in a molar, after a journe}^ in wet cold 
weather (aft. 23d d.). [A^.] 

Tearing, jerking, griping in the teeth, extending to the ears, 
also at night in a hollow molar; alleviated by smelling of hepar 
sulphuris. [A^.] 

Before midnight, tearing in the teeth and jaws, extending into 
the ears; she has to roll around continuall}^ and the teeth are also 
sensitive when she bites on them, on the 3d day of her menses. 

Tearing in the upper molars of the left side, with frequent 
gathering of water in the mouth, and gnawing in the left shoulder 
(lothd.). [A^^.] 

Tearing toothache in the left upper row, as if in the roots, as 
if an ulcer were forming there (36th d. ). [A^.] 
210. Sensation as if there were an abscess at the roots of the teeth, 
which was about to break open from the access of air or from 
pressure on the tooth. 

Stitches in a sound molar, in the open air. [5.] 

Lancinating toothache, uninterrupted for 8 days. 

Lancinating pain in the molars on biting, he could only 
chew with the incisors (at once and on 2d d.). 

A severe shooting pain in an upper hollow tooth, on touching 
it with the tongue. 
215. Pain as from soreness in a hollow^ molar (aft. }^ h.). [Hb.'] - 

Throbbing and pressive toothache (aft. 3d.). 

In the evening pain in the teeth as if they were pinched in a 

Sensation in the teeth as if there were no strength in them to 
bite. [5.] 

The teeth become very dull. 
220. Dulness of the molars, and on biting on them, they seem 

The teeth feel duU and too long. [5.] 

Teeth often seem too long, as if from acids. 



A tooth which before has often been painful, seems to be longer 
and becomes painful (2d d.). [A'^.] 

On sucking a molar, blood comes out. [A^.] 
225. The decay of the teeth progresses rapidly. [A^.] 
The teeth fall out, even sound ones. 

Burning vesicles on the inner side of the lower lip. [A^.] 
On the inner side of the lower lip, a painful white vesicle. 
The mouth on the inside becomes full of painless vesicles. 

230. Vesicles on the tongue, especially on its border. 

Vesicles on the tip of the tongue, hindering both speaking and 
eating, with a burning pain. 

Pustules on the tongue, with burning, stinging pain, especi- 
ally on the border and under the tongue. 

I^ittle ulcer on the tip of the tongue, painful as if sore, at every 
movement of the tongue. [S.~\ 

Pain as from an ulcer on the palate, on touching it with the 
tongue; the part pells on the following day. [A^.] 
235. The anterior half of the tongue is as it were stiff and hard in 
the morning (4th d.). [A^.] 

Burning on the tip of the tongue, worse when touched. [A^.] 

Redness and inflammation in the interior of the mouth and 
throat; all of it pains as if sore and raw. 

Sensation in the mouth as if it were swollen. [S.'] 

The cavity of the mouth seems to her so narrow, that she 
hardly dares open her mouth and move her tongue, because she 
is afraid of striking against the parts with the tongue (40th d.). 

240. Speaking often becomes difficult for her, as if from weakness 
- of the organs of speech and as if from a pain similar to stomach- 
ache (aft. 3d d.). 

Sore throat towards evening. [5*.] 

In swallowing, the throat hurts as if the right tonsil 
was sw^ollen. 

Swelling of the tonsils, with impeded deglutition, especially in 
the morning and evening. 

Sensation as if something stuck in the throat which 
impeded swallowing, with a choking pressure in the morning 
and evening. [S., Ng.'] 
245. It seems to her as if something stuck in the throat on the 
right side, impeding the swallowing (aft. 6 min.). 

Sore throat, with a sensation of scraping. 

Rawness and scraping in the throat. [A^.] 

Soreness in the throat. 

Burning in the throat down the oesophagus, as if from alco- 
hoi. [A^^.] 
250. Severe sore throat, like stitches and drawing or teanng, more 
painful in talking. (3dd.). 

Pressure in the throat, with external swelling of the same on 
both sides. 



In the evening, dr5mess of the mouth, not relieved by drink- 
ing; the mouth in the morning feels as if parched. 

Great dryness and heat in the mouth, at night (aft. 12 d.). 

Dryness in the mouth and throat. 
255. Early on awaking, dryness of the mouth and throat. [-A^.] 

In the afternoon and evening, dryness in the mouth and 
throat, with thirst. [A^.] 

The lips are always dry, and stick together (15th d.). [A^.] 

Gathering of salty water in the mouth. [A^.] 

She has to spit out much saliva, for several days. 
260. Frequent collection of watery saliva in the mouth; she has to 
spit out continually. [A^.] 

Bad smell in the mouth, which he perceives himself, for a 
long time. [A^.] . 

Sweet taste in the mouth, with bloody saliva (5th^d.), [A^.] 

Bloody taste in the mouth, during the whole time'of proving. 

In the morning, bad taste and smell in the mouth. 
265. In the morning, bitter taste in the mouth, and the whole day 
sick at the stomach (aft. 10 d.). 

Early on awaking, bitter taste in the mouth (2d d.). [A^.] 

Nasty, sourish taste in the mouth. 

After drinking milk, a sour taste. 

Taste of foods, sourish and metallic. 
270. Constant eructations. 

Frequent suppressed eructations. 

Much empty eructation, especially the first day. 

Frequent eructations of air, in the evening and after dinner 
(5th d.). [A^^.] 

Eructation with the taste of ingesta. 
275. During and after supper, eructation with taste of the food 
eaten ( i oth d. ) . [Ng. ] 

Sour eructation. 

Frequent heartburn. 

Early (after the chill) hiccup (2d d.). [A^.] 

In the morning nausea and coated tongue (aft. 8 d.). 
280 Early after rising, nausea, till the afternoon, with chill in the 
whole body, followed by vomiting of some water; during the 
menses (aft. 55 d.). [A^.] 

In walking, loathing and nausea in the stomach, as if about 
to vomit (4th d.). [A^.] 

Constant adipsia, during the whole time of proving" FAp- 1 

Constant thirst. 6- l .^-J 

The whole afternoon, constant thirst (6th d.). [Ng-.l 
285. No appetite, but constant thirst. 

She cannot eat at noon, without drinking (aft. 10 d.). 
I^ittle hunger and appetite (though he relishes his meals) (2d 
8th d.). [A^.] ' 

I^ack of appetite, in the morning. 
Milk is repugnant to her. 


290. No appetite for meat and cooked dishes, only for bread and 
cold dishes; for several days (during her menses). [A^.] 

Hunger and appetite is increased (ist, 2d d.). [-A^.] 

Very strong hunger and appetite (aft. 18 d.). 

Rabid hunger (aft. 2 h.). 

At noon increased hunger, and yet she is sated with little food 
(4th, 6th d.). lNg.-\ 
295. At dinner, heat in the face, also after dinner. 

At dinner, tearing in the right temple. 

During and after dinner she feels sick and' fatigued (during the 
menses) (9th d.). [A^.] 

During supper, loathing of it and stomachache (8th d.). 

After supper, stitches in the chest. 
300. After meals, sickness at the stomach. 

Every day, immediately after dinner, qualmishness and 
nausea, for an hour. 

Immediately after dinner, discomfort, with pressure in the 
stomach and in the forehead, for several hours (aft. 4 h.). 

After meals, oppression and pressure in the stomach. 

After eating, severe pressure in the scrobiculus cordis, then 
nausea, and vomiting of all that has been eaten; afterward sour 
taste in the mouth; for five days (aft. 16 d.). 
305. After dinner it is very difficult for her to speak. 

Feeling as if the stomach were overloaded, until 3 hours after 

The stomach feels full, tremulous (during the menses). [A^.] 

Feeling of emptiness in the stomach. [^.] 

Stomachache, with tendency to w^atery risings (6th d. ) . [A^.] 
310. Painfulness of the stomach, also when touched (4th d.) 

Pressure of the clothes on the stomach. 

Pressure in the stomach. 

Pressure in the stomach after meals. 

Pressure in the stomach after supper (aft. 12 h.). 
315. Pressive heaviness in the scrobiculus cordis. 

Pressure in the stomach, with qualmishness and sensitiveness 
in the scrobiculus cordis. 

Pressure and contraction of the stomach (and of the chest), 
with loathing and qualmishness (4th d.). [A^.] 

Pressure in the stomach, early in the morning, passing over 
into qualmishness and nausea. 

Griping, rolling and gurgling in the stomach. [A[^.] 
320. Gnawing in the right side of the stomach. 

Tearing, boring pain in the region of the stomach, up to 
the upper lumbar vertebrae. 

Feeling of coldness in the region of the stomach. 

Burning in the region of the stomach. 

Burning heat, first in the stomach, then also in the abdomen 
soon after taking the medicine). [A^^., ^S.] 
325. Heat in the stomach, spreading thence into the bowels, as 
from drinking strong wine (aft. J4^ h.)- 


Pressive pain under the light ribs, in the region of the liver. 

Pain as from soreness in the liver. 

Stitches below the left ribs, in the evening. [A^.] 

Pressure over the navel as from a button. 
330. Early (at 3 o'clock) awaking from a violent pain in the ab- 
domen, two days before her menses (41st d.). [A^.] 

Pressure in the hypogastrium f or 3 h., also during dinner (aft. 
2 h.). 

Pressive pain in the left side of the abdomen, in the morning 
(aft. 12 h.). 

Painful compression on both sides of the hypogastrium, only 
while sitting, alleviated by motion and by stretching (5th d.). 

Sudden, painful contraction of the bowels up to the region of 
the stomach, relieved by compressing the abdomen with the hands, 
and passing off after going to bed (33d d. ). [A^.] 
335. Colic, consisting of contraction and griping, first in the epi- 
gastrium, then in the hypogastrium, in the morning, so violent 
that qualmishness and collection of water in the mouth ensued, 
even to a swoon, with chilliness, 12 h. before the menses set in 
(aft. 9d.). 

At dinner, griping in the left side of the abdomen, passing 
away later on by emission of flatus. [A^.] 

In the forenoon, violent griping, contraction and rolling about 
in the abdomen, arising during a walk in the open air and only 
relieved by warmed cloths and lying on the stomach, appearing 
again in the evening, and also in the following morning in the cold, 
after which it improves in the room (17th d,). [A^.] 

Contractive cramps deep in the hypogastritun, and in stoop- 
ing, also in the small of the back (38th d. ). 

Tightness and obstruction of the abdomen. 
340. Cutting pain in the hypogastrium, while the abdomen is very 
small (i6th d.). [A^.] 

Early (at 7 o'clock) violent colic (aft. 48 h.). 

Cutting and smarting in the abdomen, as from worms, with 
contractive pain in the stomach and chills and sweat; this does not 
allow him to go to sleep before morning, and the pain returns early 
on awaking. [A^.] 

Stitches in the abdomen, impeding him in walking. 

In the evening, while stooping, stitches in the left side of the 
345. Stitches passing transversely deep in the hypogastrium, while 

Burning, deep within, in the left side of the abdomen (2d d.). 

(Griping and) sharp stitches in the right flanks, while stretch- 
ing (20th d.). [A^.] 

Heaviness in the abdomen. 
In the groin and the hough, painful pressure. 
350. Sensation of fulness and bloatedness in the left flank. [A^.] 
An elastic swelhng, as large as the fist, in the left flank, in 



the evening after lying down, with bruised pain in this spot, which 
does not allow her to lie on that side, and is also sensitive when 
pressing upon it; on waking up, the swelling and pain have disap- 
peared (9th d.). [^'^.] 

In the left groin a hernia appears (2d d.). 

Extraordinary distension of the abdomen. 

Bloatedness of the abdomen, with retention of stools. [A^.] 
355. Croaking, clucking and movements in the abdomen, as from 
flatus. [A^^.] 

Clucking in the stomsch, as in cramps or while fasting, after 
every deglutition, for several days (aft. 16 d.). [A^.] 

Rumbling and aching in the abdomen. [^.] 

Accumulation of flatus, with griping of the abdomen. [A^.] 

Tendency to painful, flatulent colic. 
350. Passage of much flatus. 

Frequent discharge of flatus, in the afternoon, evening and 
night, with the customary stools (4th d. ). [A^.] 

Retention of urine during the first days, followed by 
soft stools ; with all provers. [A^.] 

Constipation (the first 4 d.). [7>.] 

Delayed, hard, solid stool, consisting of lumps which can 
be discharged by her only with difiiculty. [A^.] 
365. Hard, painful evacuation, with pricking as of needles in the 
anus. [A^.] 

Hard stool, surrounded, as it were, with bloody streaks (aft. 
22 h.). 

Very soft stool, twice daily (3d and 4th d.). [5^. , A^.] 

Early in the morning, diarrhoea with colic. [kS.] 

Diarrhoea of faeces and mucus, with cutting in the abdomen 
before and during the same (8th d. ). [A^.] 
370. Stool largely mixed with mucus. 

Evacuations by stools always connected with much urging. 

With normal stools violent cutting in the rectum. 

During the evacuation, a griping pai?i in the abdomen, draw- 
ing across the abdomen to the small of the back and the rectum, 
relieved by bending the body, and ceasing entirely after the stool 
(28th d.). [7>.] 

Before and after the soft stool, colic. 
375. After the stool, first scraping in the anus, then burning. 

After a copious stool, discharge of a milky prostatic fluid. 

During and after stool, discharge of blood. 

The varices of the rectum protrude much during the 
evacuation, and they are painful for a long while after, so that she 
cannot walk at all (aft. 7 d.). 

The varices of the rectum protrude also when there is no 
evacuation, but recede when lying down. 
380. There appear varices of the anus, with pains as from excoria- 
tion, and moist. 

He cannot sleep at night, on account of the burning in the 
anus; he had to get up from bed on this account, and because of 
strong urging to stool. 


Itching of the anus. 

The child becomes sore between the legs. 

Strong pressure of the urine on the bladder, with cutting 

in it- 
385. Continual urging to micturition, also at night, with dimin- 
ished emission (with burning). [^.] 
She has to get up at night to urinate. 

Nocturnal repeated micturition, at times quite copious. [A^.] 

The boy emits his urine at night (toward morning) 

involuntarily while sleeping (ist and 2d night, and aft. 16 d.). 

Very frequent micturition, especially the first day. 

390. Frequent, copious micturition, especially in the evening. 

Increased, turbid urine. [-A^.] 

The urine at noon is very pale yellow, and is the first after 
the previous evening. [A^.] 

White, sandy urine, for several days (aft. 9 d.). 

The urine after dinner is reddish, like water mixed with blood. 
395. Blood comes from the urethra. 

After micturition, strong drawing anteriorly in the urethra 
(in the evening, on going to bed). 

Much itching on the genitals. 

Itching of the scrotum. 

Perspiration of the scrotum. 
400. Frequent relaxation of the testicles. 

Drawing pain in the testicles. 

At times, drawing in the testicles, relieved by tying them up. 

Increased weight of the testicles; he had to use a suspensory. 

Choking pain in the testicles and spermatic cords, with 
sensitiveness of the testicles to the touch; caused mostly by invol- 
untary erections. 
405. Continual involuntary erections, in the morning (13th d.). 

Stiffness of the penis, without any impulse to coition (6th d.). 

The sexual instinct quiescent for some time (aft. yd.). 

(Total lack of sexual impulse). 

Aversion to the other sex. 
410. Violent excitation to coition, without any special voluptuous 
thoughts and almost without erections (aft. 5 d.). 

Violent voluptuous desire with trembling of the body, almost 
without erection. 

Pollutions almost every night. 

Pollution two days after coition. 

(After coition strong circulation of the blood and palpitation). 
415. Violent itching of the pudenda. 

Excoriation of the pudenda and anus, especially painful 
during micturition. 

Swelling, itching and burning of the female pudenda 
(aft. 12 d.). 

Constant itching of the mons veneris, which always returns 
after scratching. [A^.] 

The menses appear three to five days too late and once they 
are omitted altogether. [A^.] 


420. It brings the menses six days too soon. 

The catamenia, always else quite regular, appear a day too 
soon. [7?^] 

The menses appear (after a long drive in the cold air) four 
days too soon and are very copious especially at night, as also in 
sitting and driving ; preceded by griping pains in the abdomen 
with lack of appetite. [A^.] 

Menses on the i8th day (aft. yd.). 

The menses flow more copiously owing to it (at once). 
425. The blood of the catamenia is blackish, often in whole lumps, 
with spasmodic pains in the abdomen and hard stools, discharged 
after urging; the flow very strong. [A^.] 

The blood of the catamenia is colored very little. 

The menstrual blood is acrid, so as to make the thigh sore, 
causing a burning pain. [A^.] 

Before the menses, pains in the abdomen and the small of the 
back. [A^^.] 

Before and during the menses paleness of the face. 
430. During the menses unconquerable sadness. 

Toothache during the menses. [A^.] 

During the menses violent colic, with griping, pressure 
and tension between the shoulder-blades. 

Violent tearing in the abdomen during the menses which set 
in one day too soon. \_S.~\ 

During the menses severe pain in the small of the back. 
435. During the period violent coryza (9th d.). 

During the menses great lassitude of the whole body, 
especially of the thighs, with yawning, toothache, pains in the 
small of the back and chilliness. [A^.] 

Severe leucorrhcea (aft. 2, 7, 8, 9 d.). 

Watery, burning leucorrhcea (13th, 14th d.). [A^.] 

Frequent sneezing in the morning in bed. 
440. Frequent violent sneezing (5th d.). [A^.] 

Nose obstructed. [vS.] 

The nose is very much obstructed without a cold. 

At night the nose is so much obstructed that she has always 
to breathe through the mouth (aft. 4 d.). 

After a sound nap in the forenoon, she wakes up at i o'clock 
with anxiety as if she were suffocating, because her nose was 
entirely obstructed and she could only breathe with difficult}' with 
her mouth open, so that her chest pained her from the difficult 
breathing (aft 12 d.). 
445. Coryza with rattling in the nose and obstruction of the same 
with husky voice. [A^.] 

Coryza with stoppage of the left nostril. [-^JS,''.] 

Dry coryza preventing the least passage of air through the 
nose, especially at night. 

Fluent coryza (4th d.). 

Severe fluent coryza with tearing in the left cheek. [-^,C■.] 
450. Most violent fluent coryza with cough. 

Dropping of water from the nose without coryza. [A>.] 


There is a continual discharge of acrid water burning the 
upper Hp during the menses (43d d.)- [^-l 

Constriction of the larynx from both sides of the neck. 

Drawing, stinging, itching, in the larynx. 
455. Hoarseness and sensation of rawness in the throat. [^.J 

Hoarseness, he can only talk with difficulty, as this increases 
the hoarseness (2d d.). 

Severe and frequent hoarseness. 

Hoarseness so that she cannot speak aloud (aft. 16 d.). 

His chest is oppressed, so that he can hardly speak, with 
coryza and much expectoration of mucus, especially in the morn- 
460. The chest feels raw; when he calls loudly he is hoarse. 

Catarrh with difficult hearing and burning in the region of 
the stomach. 

Frequent hawking on account of the collection of mucus in 
the throat. [iV^.] 

Rattling in the bronchia, as from mucus, for several days. 

He has to cough for a quarter of an hour in the evening, in bed. 
465. Cough at night. 

The child coughs very violently every morning about 3 or 
4 o'clock. 

In the middle of the night, violent, dry cough. 

Cough with asthma C6th d.). [A^.] 

Cough with asthma in the evening in bed for half an hour. 
470. Cough with the greatest violence from the depth of the chest. 

Cough which draws the chest together. 

Cough, while the chest under the sternum pains as if raw 
and sore. 

The cough causes pain in the jaws, which is not perceived on 
touching them. 

Cough with pain below in the sternum. 
475. Cough with stitches in the sternum (ist d. ). 

Cough with a stitch in the scrobiculus cordis every time. 

Cough with heat in the head. [A^.] 

Short, subdued cough, from an irritation of the larynx with 
a painful sensation of spasmodic asthma. Soon after irritation to 
coryza in the nose and scraping and scratching soreness in the 
throat, with difficult expectoration of a little mucus (aft. ^ h.). 

Dry cough, especially at night, as from feathery dust in 
the throat. [_Ng.~\ 
480. Cough with expectoration of mucus and soreness of the 
throat. [A^.] 

Cough the whole day and early in the morning, with much 
expectoration of mucus. Earl}^ in bed, constant cough with ex- 
pectoration of mucus affecting the chest and head. 

Cough with expectoration of mucus with little specks of 
blood (aft. 8 d.). 

Cough with expectoration of bloody mucus, heaviness 


on the chest and short breath, especially in ascending a mountain 
(6th, 1 8th d.). [^V^.] 
485. Bloody expectoration, when hawking up. 

After rawness and taste of blood in the mouth, cough with 
expectoration of bright red blood, with burning and heaviness of 
chest, heat and redness in the face and trembling in the whole 
body (4th d.). [A^^.] 

Difficult breathing, it made him retch (short cough). 

At night very difficult respiration; the coverlet must not touch 
his mouth, else he is afraid of suffocating (7th d.). [A^.] 

After every exertion he is asthmatic, with palpitation. [A^.] 

490. Tightness in the middle of the chest when breathing and also 

when not; the spot pains, when pressing upon it, as after a blow. 

A paroxysm of asthma, lasting eight days; he could only with 
the greatest effort mount a few steps, could only draw breath with 
the greatest exertion, and only in the open air; he could not come 
into a heated room; he would there become deadly pale, and could 
do nothing but sit still (aft. 21 d.). 

Short breath, with stitches in the chest. [A^.] 
Short breath, especially on going up stairs. [A^.] 
In breathing, frequent stitches in the hands and the fingers. 
495. In expiration something seems to draw down into the chest, 
which keeps the breath from being expelled (7th d.). [A^.] 
The chest is as it were faint. 
Long-continued weakness of the chest and catarrh (aft. 4 w. ). 

Heaviness of the chest, as if from accumulation of blood 
(4th, 5th, 7th d.) [AV.] 

Heaviness and tightness of the chest, when walking in the 
open air. [A^.] 
500. She feels as it were a hundred weight upon her chest, with 
pains; she only wishes to be able to cough, so as to be relieved 
(7th d.). INg.-] 

Rush of blood to the chest (after writing). 

Heat in the chest. 

Great oppression of the chest. 

While standing, a sensation in the chest, as if the lungs were 
being drawn down (6th d.). [A^.] 
505. Bruised pain in the middle of the chest, in the morning (4th 

Painful pressure on the chest, especialh^ while h'ing abed. 

Compressive pressure on the chest. 

Stitches in the chest near the last true rib, while breathing and 

Stitches in the sternum, on the right side of the chest and 
under the left breast, where it pains as if bruised when touched. 

510. When stooping, stitches in the chest, alleviated by straighten- 
ing up (i 6th d.). \_No-.'] 

Stitches in the right breast when stooping. 


While walking, stitches in the right side of the chest. [6*.] 

Under the right breast, at the lowest rib, early when raising 
himself in bed, twenty to thirty stitches in succession, also when 
not breathing; also at other times of the day. 

Stitches in the left breast, through a great part of the night, 
preventing her from lying on the left side. 
515. Severe stitches in the left side of the chest, beginning in the 
region of the heart and drawing down to the side, and afterward 
more to the back (aft. 11 d. ). 

Frequentl}^ a stitch in the heart. 

Frequent palpitation of the heart, with a drawing in of the 
epigastrium and a feeling of weakness in the scrobiculus cordis. 

Audible palpitation of the heart and quickened heart-beat; on 
pressing on it with the hand, the blood seemed to rise up to the 
throat, with dj^spnoea (while resting). 

The cartilage of the sternum cracks on bending back the chest, 
with a pressure in the middle of the chest. 
520. The right breast is painful to the touch (3d d.). 

Red miliary eruption on the chest. 

A small red furuncle over the right breast, which is only pain- 
ful when touched. [A^.] 

On the coccyx stitches, where before there was itching. 

Pain in the small of the back, aggravated by motion and by 
525. When stooping, pain in the small of the back; she feels as if 
the muscles were not strong enough to support the body, which 
always tends to fall forward; better on rising up (2d d.). [A^.] 

Pain, as from a bruise, in the small of the back (on the 2d 
day of the menses). [A^.] 

When walking in the open air a pain darted suddenly into 
the small of the back (crick in the back), most painful on rising 
after long-continued sitting. 

Twitching pain in the small of the back. 

Drawing pain from the small of the back into the legs. 
530. ^ In the small of the back and the loins, a pressive drawing 
pain, only while resting (sitting, standing and lying down) in day- 
time; disappearing in walking. 

In the small of the back and the loins a violently beating 
pain, while at rest, not changing when touched. 

Gnawing pain in the small of the back and the hips, going 
thence to the abdomen and back again, both in rest and in motion 
(i6thd.). [A^^.] 

Sudden stitches in the right loin. 

Pain in the back, on motion. [S.] 
535. A jerk in the back, at night, while sleeping (7th d.). [A^^.] 

Pressure in the back. 

Burning on the back, especially on the small of the back, 
several times a day. 

With stitches, as from fleas, a vesicle forms on the left shoulder- 
blade. [A^^.] 

In the neck, severe burning pain, in the morning (loth d.). 


540. Drawing from the neck down the back (6th d. ). [A^.] 

StijQf neck on turning the head. 

Drawing pain in the nape of the neck, with stitches in the 
head, over the temple, with bloated face. 

Pressure on the left shoulder. 

The knot of glands in the axilla becomes painful and swells. 
545. In the right shoulder- joint a drawing pain (aft. 14 d. ) 

Twitching tearing in the right shoulder-joint, at rest and in 
motion (37th d.). [A[^.] 

Tearing in the joints of the upper limbs. 

Tearing in the shoulders. [A^.] 

Several tears in the left shoulder, towards the chest. [A^.] 
550. Pain, as from a bruise, in the left shoulder, at rest and in 
motion. [A^.] 

Pain as of a bruise in the left shoulder- joint and elbow- joint 
(in the evening) . 

A small furuncle on the left shoulder. [A^.] 

Burning on a little spot of the upper arm and the fore-arm 
(iithd.). [.Ng.-] 

In the arms and hands, a drawing pain. 
555. Paralytic drawing in the left arm, from the axilla into the 

Sensation of paralysis in the right arm (14th d.). \Hb.'] 

Sensation of paralysis and heaviness of the right arm ; she has 
no strength in it and must let it hang down; the hand at the same 
time is swollen and cold for half an hour (aft. 2 h,). 

The right arm seems to weigh a hundred weight, and 
to be powerless. 

The right arm for many days becomes quite weak and cold, 
appearing to be asleep and lifeless; this was again followed by a 
tingling sensation. 
560. In the night (3 to 4 o'clock) she involuntarily stretches her 
arm out of the bed and awakes from the pain in it, as it is cold, 
stiff, and in the elbow -joint heavy like lead; she has to use the 
other hand to bring it back into bed, because it is too stiff, and 
when moved and in bed there is a tearing pain in the joints of the 
shoulder, the elbow and the wrists. 

Cramp in the right arm, w^hich pulled the arm back- 
ward three times in succession; then heat of the body and turbid 
white urine. 

Twitching and quivering in the right upper arm (4tli d.). 

Cracking in the elbow- joint when in motion. 

Groaning pain in the elbow- joint in straightening the arm in 
front of him. 
565. Stiffness of the elbow- joint. 

Boring pain in the elbow-joint in the fossa which receives the 

Sharp stitches in the elbow. 

Tearing in the elbow (in the bone) extending forward into 
the little finger (4th, 5th d.). [A^.] 


In the left fore-arm, in the middle, a violent pain, in the even- 
ing in bed with a sensation as if the bones there would forcibly 
bend inward and break of (2d d.)- C^^-] 
570. Itching of the inside of the right fore-arm, with burning after 
scratching, and the appearance of small red pimples, spots and 
granules, which do not cease to itch after scratching, until they 
become deep red on the following day (4th, 5th d.). [A^.] 

In the wrist, tension while at rest, aggravated by motion; he 
feels as if he could not move his hand (2d d.). [-A^^.] 

Tearing in the wrist extending into the fingers, ceasing when 
she gets warm in bed. 

Painful tearing in the left wrist, as if in the marrow, toward 
the little finger (6th d.). [A^.] 

Frequent going to sleep of the (right) hand, on w^hich she lies 
at night (4th d.). [A^.] 
575. Trembling of the hands (aft. 7 d.). 

Distended veins and blueness of the hands, after washing 
them in cold water. [A^.] 

The skin of the hands in a child becomes quite hard, and 
chaps in deep fissures. 

Peeling off of the skin of the palms of the hands (aft. 4 d.). 

In the fingers a pinching pain on stretching them apart. 
580. Cramp in the posterior joint of a finger, so that he cannot 
extend it, with a stinging pain; from morning to evening, while 
sta34ng in the cold (2d d.). [A^.] 

Drawing pain from the tips of the fingers down into the hand, 
as if from constant mesmerizing (ist d. ). 

Tearing in the fingers and in the thumb-joint. [A^.] 

Pain as from a bruise in the left thumb, in the cold r2d d.). 

Twitching, griping m the left thumb, as if in the bone, with 
yawning (nth d.). [AV.] 
585. Visible twitching and quivering in the left thumb. [A^.] 

Swelling of the middle joint of the right middle finger, with 
painfulness while touching or bending it. 

On the nates, a burning, itching. 

In the hip- joint a severe pain while walking. 

Every morning in bed, a severe pain in the hip-joint, as if it 

was rotten and beaten in two, so that he can not turn over while 

lying down; after rising and more yet after walking, the pain 

decreases, and in the afternoon passes away entirely; for 4 weeks. 

590. Drawing pain down from the left hip. 

His legs are contracted. 

The tendons in the leg feel as if too short. 

Pain Hke a sprain in the left leg, while walking. 

Restlessness in the legs. 
595. Twitches in the leg, toward evening. 

Heaviness in the legs so that he can hardly Hft them, in the 
evening ( 8th d . ) . [A^^. ] 

Suddenly great weakness in the lower hmbs, so that she has 
trouble in getting along, after dinner (2d d. j. [A^.] 


Great weariness in the thighs and legs. [A^.] 

In the evening, while lying down, jerking scraping on the 

bones of the thighs and legs, so that she has to jerk up her leg 

momentaril}^ and cannot lie still, but is obliged to walk about. 

600. In the right thigh, a severe pain, as if the inmost marrow was 

•shaken up, aggravated by lying and sitting for a quarter of an 

hour (aft. some h.). 

Great wearisome pain in the thighs, as if they would fall off, 
or as if the tendons would tear off; alternating with pains in the 
small of the back; she knows not what to do for pains (on the 3d 
day of her menses). [A^.] 

Bruised pain in the thighs. 

Bruised pain in the middle point of the thighs in rest and in 
motion (during the menses. ) [A^.] 

Pain in the thigh as if beaten blue, impeding her walk, (but 
only while walking and in being pressed upon in touching. ) 
605. Pain as if crushed, passing away by rubbing, in the right 
thigh, immediately above the knee (nth d.). [-A^.] 

Pain as from a sprain in the left thigh, with a feeling of weak- 
ness and of sudden collapse of the legs in walking. 

Stiffness in the thighs, in walking. 

Pain as if the tendons were too short, in a spot of the left 
thigh, above the knee; only when pressing upon it or sitting, but 
not else (3d d.). [A^.] 

A blue spot, as large as a child's hand, above the knee, where 
it burns exceedingly. 
610. After itching, a deep-seated -burning furuncle on the knee. 

A knot over the right knee, deep in the skin, only painful on 
pressure. [A^.] 

A small furuncle, only painful on being pressed upon, in the 
left knee. [A^.] 

Tearing in the knees and knee-joints. [A^.] 

Boring pain in and upon the patella. 
615. Boring and drawing in the knee, and thence restlessness in 
the legs, so she has to move them continually, without alleviating 
the restlessness. 

Twitching in both patellae, in the evening, several times in 
succession (5th d.). [A^.] 

Twitches in both knees and legs. 

In moving the knee, a grating sound. 

On sitting down and in turning the leg, a pain in the knee, 
as if sprained. 
620. Burning redness like scarlatina, in the right knee and down the 
leg; putting the cold hand upon it increases the pain (^2oth, 21st 
d.). [A^-.] 

In the legs a paralytic pain, as if they were gonig to sleep, 
alleviated by walking (7th d. ). [A^.] 

Frequent going to sleep of the legs, while sitting and stand- 
ing, and at night, when lying upon them. [-Aje'.] 

Tearing below the knee and on the left tibia (^ i ith d. ). [AV.] 


Cramp in the legs, frequently, especially in the muscles of the 
tibiae and the feet. 
625. While lying down, cramp in the leg, which became, however, 
unbearable on rising, compelling him to lie down. 

In the calf, severe cramp, on walking in the open air, so that 
he had suddenly to stand still. 

Straining in the calf (from a cold?). 

Violent stitches deep in the calves (14th d.). [^<^.] 

Above the right heel, stitches. 
630. In the heel, early, on awaking, a keen pain, as if the bones 
were festered through. 

Formication in the left heel, and sensation as if festering, 
when touched (aft. 5 d.). [A^,] 

Twitching tearing in the right heel (37th d.). [A^.] 

In the joints of the feet and the ankles, a tearing which draws 
down into the toes, and ceases when she becomes warm in bed. 

Drawing pain at the external ankle (4th d.). [A^.] 
635. Cold feet. 

In the evening chilliness in the feet, especially on going 
to bed. 

Rapid swelling of the feet up to the calves. 

Great weariness in the feet as if fatigued (2d d.). [A^.] 

Trembling in both feet (aft. 9 h.). 
640. Formication in the dorsum of the left foot as from going to 
sleep (nth d.). [A^.] 

Violent formication and itching in the sole of the foot, so that 
it can hardly be borne, so that she feels like scratching the skin 
off; after scratching, the spot burns, in the evening (after lying 
down). [A^.] 

Tearing in the soles of both feet (nth d.). [A^.] 

Sharp stitches on the ball of right foot. 

Stinging, tearing and twitching in the big toe. 
645. Frequent painful twitching in the ball of the great toe 
(which had been frozen when she w^as a child). 

Several days, especially in the evening, when going to sleep 
she had attacks of severe stinging and drawing in the balls of 
both the big toes as if they had been frozen. 

Itching formication in the ball of the right great toe as from 
a chilblain. [A^.] 

The left big toe is hot to the touch and pains with a burning 
sensation as if he had burned himself, especially from the pressure 
of boots and in damp weather; when taking off the boot and when 
resting the foot on something and in walking the pain is alleviated 
(14th to 36th d.). 

The big toe becomes red, thick and painful, especially in the 
evening in bed, and the whole foot swells up. 
650. In walking the ball of the big toe pains as if festering. 

On the skin of the whole body much itching. 

Itching of the whole body in the morning for three hours. 

Itching here and there, in many parts of the body, mostly 
passing away on scratching, or burning painfully. [A^.] 


Violent itching of the whole body, here and there, and, after 
scratching, burning vesicles and pimples or hard granules. [A^.] 
655. Burning pimples, like millet seed, on the neck and the fore- 
arm. [A^.] 

Ever 3^ evening about 7 o'clock a strange uneasiness which 
wakes the child from its rest; it tosses about restlessly and cries 
until about 10 o'clock it falls into a sound sleep lasting the whole 
night; during its restlessness the head is, as it were, bloated and 
glowing hot; next morning the face is spotted as if scarlatina was 
coming on. \^Gr.~\ 

The whole upper part of the body is red as if covered 
with scarlatina. 

Miliary eruption on the right side of the neck and the left 

Around the elbow small red tubercles and about the neck 
large ones, with cutting pain; only a few of them suppurate. 
660. The warts become inflamed. 

A mild tetter becomes red, with itching and burning, and 
disappears after some days. 

The humor in an ulcer becomes fetid. 

Unusual sensitiveness to cold in the skin. 

Chilliness while undressing. 
665. A cold causes coryza and hoarseness. 

She cannot bear the evening air; her feet become heavy; the 
air is unpleasant to her and every part of her body hurts. 

She is very much fatigued by walking in the open air. 

Very much fatigued by walking in the open air. [A^.] 

Extreme sensitiveness to the open air. [6^r.] 
670. While walking in the open air he is easily heated. \_St/'.^ 

After walking in the open air violent headache, which 
lasts during the evening. 

Several ailments seem to appear and to be aggravated in the 
open air. [A^.] 

Cracking in the joints, while walking. 

Tearing pain in the whole body and especially in the thighs. 
675. Violent rheumatic drawing pain through all the limbs, hands, 
feet, head, neck, etc. [_St/.^ 

Stinging drawing, now in the right arm, now in the legs. 

Fine stitches in the head, in the finger tips and toes. 

Pain in the occiput, in the chest and from the two shoulder- 
blades down to the ribs. 

Feeling of numbness in the (right) side on which she lies in 
bed, passiiig away on turning over (2d d. ). [A^.] 
680. Going to sleep of the hands and feet while sitting, passing 
away by motion. [A^.] 

Cold hands and feet even when well wrapped up and in the 
warm room. 

In the forenoon and night all her limbs ache, with a gna^^^ng 
pain in the small of the back, more while at rest than in motion 

(41st d.). [iV^.] ^ ^ ^ , , . 

The right side of the body seems more aftected than the lolt. 


Visible emaciation of the whole body. [A^.] 
685. Paroxysm: Toward noon everything turned black before her 
eyes; the letters seemed to move; the breath was checked with 
previous lassitude; on quickly rising from his seat, he became, as 
it w^ere, rigid all over the body, his arms and legs extended out- 
wardly, while the fingers were clenched; he had to forcibly stretch 
them out which made them movable again (4th d. ). 

Toward evening she became suddenly unwell, so that she 
thought she would faint; alleviated by walking up and down in 
the open air, though there was yet an occasional stitch in the right 
side (aft. 10 d. ). 

She is very much incommoded from much speaking and hear- 
ing people talk, her hands and feet grow cold from it. 

The whole day, a slight perspiration, as if from exhaustion. 

The Avhole day wear)^ and fatigued, without being either sad 
or cheerful (aft. 24 h.). 
690, Extremely weary. 

She often cannot stand, when she first leaves her bed, from 
weariness (aft. 48 h.). 

Indescribably great exhaustion; she often cannot sit, but has 
to lie down from asthenia for hours (aft. 24 h. ). 

She lies down as if exhausted and stupefied for several hours. 

While walking in the open air, exhaustion and ill-humor; he, 
as it were, trembled for weakness. 
695. While walking, her whole body trembles. 

She staggers when rising. 

Great exhaustion in the limbs, and total indisposition for 

In the forenoon and morning great exhaustion and lassitude 
of body, as if he had worked too much, alleviated by walking in 
the open air. [A^.] 

Broken-down feeling of the whole body, lack of tone and 
w^eeping mood early in the morning on rising. 
700. Sensation in the limbs as if broken down, also in the evening. 

Especially in the evening hours great fatigue and weakness in 
the limbs, especially in the knees and legs, so that he has to lie 
down (ist and 2d d.). [//d.'] 

Great exhaustion, inviting to sleep, in the forenoon for an hour. 

Frequent extending and stretching ofthe body, in the morn- 
ing, as if he had not done sleeping (2d d.). 

Disposition to stretch arms and legs. 
705. Much yawning, with collection of water in the mouth, weari- 
ness, uneasiness and chilliness. [A^.] 

In the evening severe, spasmodic j'-awning. 

Drowsiness in daytime; he has to sit down and sleep in the 
afternoon, else his eyes ache. 

Drowsiness by day; he has to He down in the forenoon and 

When she is unoccupied as, e. g., at meals, she becomes very 
very sleepy; but when she is at work the drowsiness passes away. 
710. Sleepy during the day, with yawning (ist, 4th d.). \_Ng,'] 


After supper invincible sleepiness, and yet on lying down he 
does not sleep soundl}^ during the night. 

He soon becomes sleepy in the evening, but his sleep is un- 
eas3^ for several weeks. [A[^.] 

Late in going to sleep (the ist night). 

He cannot go to sleep in the evening, for a long time, without 
any particular reason; but he afterwards sleeps soundlv (2dd.;. 


715. (Nightmare when going to sleep.) 

The earlier she goes to sleep, the better is her sleep; the later 
she goes to bed the less she can sleep. 

He often, when in bed at night, cannot go to sleep for two, 
three or four hours from restlessness, dry heat and sometimes from 
burning in the stomach. 

On account of itching and stinging of the skin he cannot go 
to sleep at night. 

He does not go to sleep till about 4 o'clock in the morning, 
when he falls into a dull sleep, perspiring, till 7 A. m. 
720. Very light sleep at night; she awakes at every slight sound. 

Uneasy, unrefreshing sleep every night ; he tosses 

His sleep is restless and broken; he sleeps little and wakes up 

Restless sleep, with frequent awakening, several nights, es- 
pecially during the menses. [A^.] 

Frequent awakening at night, with chilliness (ist d.) [A^.] 
725. She awakes at night, every half hour, and is then tired in the 

He wakes up at night, between i and 2 o'clock, and cannot 
again go to sleep for two hours (2d d.). 

After midnight she wakes up with stomachache and cannot 
again go to sleep till 4 o'clock. 

Frequent awaking, with moaning and groaning, for several 
weeks. [A^.] 

Awaking in a fright, several times, after midnight, when he 
cannot again go to sleep; many nights. [A^.] 
730. Frequent violent starting up terrified from sleep at night, with 
great timidity afterwards. [A^.] 

Sleep full of dreams (aft. 2 d.) 

He dreams, waking, during the night. 

Vivid dreams, with one who never before dreamed. 

Sleep full of varied dreams. 
735. She dreams whole stories. 

Romantic dreams. 

lyacivious dreams, three nights in succession, about practising 
coition, and on awaking a sensation as of emission of seed, which 
yet was not true. 

Confused dreams. 

Anxious dreams. 
740. Dreams every night, with an anxious ending, from which he 
waked up early (at 3 A. m. ). 


Distressing dreams of danger and hardship. [Ng-.] 

Distressing dreams about ghosts; he cried out in his sleep. 

Dreams of death and of dying. 

Dreams of d^dng and corpses. [A^.] 
745. Disgusting dreams about Hce (aft. 18 d.). [Ng.'] 

Dreams of quarrels (3d and 7th d.) [A^.] 

She tells in her dreams what she thought of while waking. 

In the evening in bed, anguish, she cannot lie still. 

At night an attack of great anguish, as if she had to die, with 
cold sweat, audible palpitation and involuntary flow of tears; she 
could not move her eyes nor speak, with audible dyspnoea and 
trembling of the hands (aft. 19 d.). 
750. Vertigo at night, everything turned with her; she had to sit 
up in bed. 

Rush of blood to the head, at night, and on awaking, heat in 
the face. 

At night, boring, lancinating headache. 

Before her eyes sparks, when she awakes at night. 

In the teeth, drawing, at night and on awaking. 
755. Qualmishness, the whole night, so that she could not sleep 
(aft. 8 h.). 

Pressure in the stomach, at night. 

Violent colic, tv/o nights in succession, which only ceased on 
the passage of copious flatus. 

He wakes up at night for micturition. 

Dry coryza and stopped nose, in the evening and at night, 
while in bed. 
760. Much hawking and expectoration of salty mucus, at night. 

Heaviness and pressure in the sternum, at night. 

Great pain in an excrescence (^gaiigluwi) on the hand, so that 
she wakes up, at night. 

In the ball of the big toe, in the evening, in bed, a piercing 

Perspiration on the legs at night. 
765. At night, about 3 o'clock, his upper body and arms were 
jerked, with a tearing pain for ten minutes, while he was in full 
consciousness, causing great exhaustion. 

All her lower limbs pain at night, with gnawing pains in the 
small of the back (41st d.). [A^.] 

He can only turn over slowly in bed, because the motion 
causes him pain. [A^.] 

He can lie with more ease on his left side than on his right. 

Extraordinary rush of blood at night; it seems as if the blood 
would burst his arteries and his heart. 
770. At night, he often feels a chill in his sleep, but on awakening 
he quickly becomes warm again. 

Chill and cold at night, so that he cannot get warm again, 
especially in his feet, and he cannot go to sleep. [A^.] 

Chilly sensation, frequently towards evening and until he 
ofoes to bed. 


In the evening, often a feverish chill. 

Shaking chill before going to sleep. 
775. Chill and coldness in the open air, or when he comes into a 
room from the open air. [A^.] 

Evening attacks of chills, often with the hair standing on 
end, blue hands and blue nails, chattering of the teeth and shak- 
ing; at times with a nightly heat following, and perspiration in 
the morning. [A^.] 

In the evening, in bed, from 9 to 12 o'clock, a chilly shiver- 
ing alternating with heat and much restlessness (aft. 10 d.). 

Several daj^s chills and heat, mostly shaking chills and subse- 
quently a general dry heat; some perspiration, only in the morning. 

Alternately chill and heat, with sensitiveness to cold; nausea, 
thirst, pressure on the chest, with stitches in the left side of the 
chest, tearing in the forehead and muddled feeling of the head, 
alternate redness and paleness of the cheeks, pressure in the stom- 
ach, with tendency to eructation, attended with severe catarrh and 
sleeplessness; for several days (during the menses). [A^.] 
780. Feverish heat, many evenings in succession, for 1% hours, 
with headache. 

Heat at night (19th d.). [A^.] 

Heat in the whole body, especially in the abdomen, in the 
forenoon (nth d.). [A^.] 

Continually warm and anxious, in the forenoon (before the 
menses) (42 d.). [A^.] 

Feverish heat in the head, with cold feet. 
785. Constant night-sweats. 

He perspires almost every night, and is quite hot in the 


Perspiration toward morning (ist d.). [A^.] 

Morning-sweat in the joints (aft. 16 d.). 


We take one drachm of sal ammoniac in lumps, as being the 
purest. This is dissolved in i}4 drachms of boiling distilled water, 
filtered through white printing paper and then set in the cellar to 
quietly crystallize. Of the crystallized and dried salt''^ one grain is 
then triturated three times with one hundred grains of sugar of milk 
within three hours to the millionfold powder-attenuation, and then in 

* Sal auimoniacum depurattun. 

Ammonium muriaticum, first appearing here, has its pathogenesis mainlj* made up from 
one published in 1833, in Hartlaub and Trinks' Annalcn, Vol. iv. It is a joint one as will l-»e 
seen by the names of Hartlaub and Nenning always standing in a pair after the symptoms. 
Hahnemann's own observation. will have been on patients, as shown in the preface; Kummel's 
are probably from provings with the 30th diWwWon..— Hughes. 


dilution it is diluted and potentized to the 3otli development of power, 
as has been taught concerning the other dry drugs at the end of the 
first volume. 

This natural salt, which has been abused by allopathy so fre- 
quently and in such large doses, in diseases of every kind, shows 
itself in homoeopathic practice as an excellent anti-psoric, even in a 
dose of one or two of the smallest pellets moistened with a potency of 
high degree, and administered in dilution of more or less water (ac- 
cording as it is desired to act more or less strongly), or also by 
smelling of such a larger or smaller pellet. 

This salt deserves in a high degree further provings as to its pure 

This medicine has proved itself particularly efficacious where one 
or more of the following sj^mptoms appeared: 

I^ugubrious, peevish, indifferent mood; flying spots a?id points 
before the vision, in day-time and in the evening at candle-light; 
(hard hearing); Ringing and buzzing in the ears; ulcerated corners 
of the mouth; tensive pains in the articulations of the jaws, during 
chewing and opening the mouth; empty eructation; lancinating 
pains in the left hypochondrium, early on awaking in bed, with 
dyspnoea compelling the person to sit up; the groin, on being 
touched, feels as if it were festered and swollen; tendency to consti- 
pation; discharge of blood during stool; pain as of soreness in the 
rectum and passing upwards in sitting; during the menses vomiting 
and diarrhoea; pressive and contractive pain i7i the abdomen and the 
back during the menses; during the menses, pain in the small of the 
back; tearing in the feet during the menses; while sneezing, tearing 
stitches in the nape of the neck into the shoulders; severe cough; 
tightness in the chest during manual labor; stiffness in the small of 
the back; stitches in the right shoulder-blade in respiring; tearing 
stitching pain as of spraining in the left hip; cold feet; paralytic 
weakness in the limbs, with dizziness; drowsiness in the day-time, 
with indolence and indisposition to work; night-sweats. 

The abbreviations of the names of my fellow pro vers are Ng. ; 
Hb., Dr. Hartlaub; RL, Dr. Rumviel. 


Great seriousness. 

Anxious and melancholy, as if internal grief or sorrow were 
gnawing in her heart. \JSfg., Hb.'\ 

She does not know what to do for anguish, she would Hke to 
weep, and does weep at times (ist d.). {Ng., Hb.] 

During this anguish, bitter taste and nauseous, bitter eructa- 
tion. [A^., Hb.'] 


5. She sits ill-humored, lost in thoughts, and it is difficult to 
make her speak, in the evening (15th d. ). [A^. , Hb.'\ 

X^xy peevish, as if from internal vexation, in the morning, 
and dazed, as if she had not done sleeping (3d d.)- {J^g-, Hb7\ 

Irritable and peevish, in the forenoon; after dinner her mood 
improves (8th d.). \Ng., Hb.'] 

Ver}' irritable, peevish and timid. \_Rl.'] 

In speaking about an important matter, he becomes excessively 
10. Involuntary^, strong aversion to certain persons. 

Gloomy in the head, as after a spree (14th d.). [A^. , Hb.'] 

Dizzy and numbed in the head, in the room; this passes off 
when in the air, in the morning (4th d.). [A^., Hb.] 

Vertigo, as if about to fall to one side; worse on motion, pass- 
ing away when in the air; frequently (3d d.). \_Ng., Hb.) 

Vertigo and fullness in the head, so that it seems too 
heavy (ist and 25th d.). [A^., Hb.] 

IS. Feeling of heaviness in the head, almost daily, on rising. 

Heaviness in the forehead, frequently during day (with in- 
ternal sensation of heat and some perspiration). [A^., Hb.] 

Headache, extremely violent for several days. \_Rl.] 

Headache in the crown, as if the head were broken in two 
(4th d.). INg.^Hb.] 

Pressure in the forehead, with feeling of heat there, earl}^, 
after an uneasy night. \_Ng., Hb.] 
20. Pressing down into the forehead, toward the root of the nose, 
with a sensation as if the brain was torn in pieces, early on rising 
(25th d.). \_Ng.,Hb.] 

The occiput feels as if compressed in a vice, later also on both 
sides of the head, with great ill-humor (17th d.). \_Ng., Hb.] 

Pinching pain in the occiput in a small spot (nth d.). [A^., 

Painful twitching up into the left temple (3d d.). [A^., Hb.] 

Tearing in the head, mostly in the right temple, whence it 
also passes into the side of the face (also during the menses, and 
in the forehead and the right side of the head in sitting) (6th, 7th, 
15th, 17th d.). [Ng.,Hb.] 
25. Stitches in the left temple, forehead and side of the head, also 
in the crown, when stooping, with a feeling there as if the head 
had burst (2d to 5th d.). [A^., Hb.] 

Stitches and pressure in the head, especially on the left side, 
in the room (2d d.). \_Ng:, Hb.] 

Boring in front in the forehead, earh' on rising, and almost 
the whole day (5th d.). [A"^., Hb.] 

Glowing heat in the right side of the head, every evening. 

Frequent rushes of heat in the head (25th d.). [AV., Hb.] 
30. Feeling of heat and fullness in the head, earlv on rising. \^Hb. , 

Burning pain, and at times stitches in the lett tempk\ ot itsolt. 
as also while chewing and sneezing; not aggravated by external 


Itching of the hair}' scalp, urging to constant scratching (3d 

d.). INg.^m:] ... 

Itching pimples on the right side of the occiput, m the even- 
ing, passing awa}^ at night (aft 19 d.). \H^-^ ^^S''\ 

In the e3^es, pains. 
35. Over the border of the right orbit, hammering or knocking, 
as from a large bodj^ (15th d.). {JSfg., Hb.'] 

Tearing in the upper border of the right ej^e, first aggravated, 
then improved by pressing upon it (15th d.). [Ng., Hb..'] 

Tearing in the external canthus. 

Tearing in the eyeballs. 

Burning in the eyes, especially in the corners, also early 
on rising, so that she can not look into the light; this passes off 
on washing (3d and 4th d.). [_Ng., Hb.] 
40. For several evenings, the eyes burn only during the twilight; 
as soon as light comes into the room, it ceases. \_Hb., Ng.] 

In the evening, burning and closing of the eyes, as from 
drowsiness, which passed off when light was brought in (15th d.). 


At night, the eyes burn, with profuse lachrymation. 

Twitching and quivering of the ej^es, passing away by rub- 
bing (4th and 14th d.). \_Ng., Hb.] 

Quivering in the lower eyelids, especially in the left one, dur- 
ing the whole time of proving. \_Hb., Ng.] 
45. Lachrymation of the ej^es, early on rising (3d d. ) . [Ng. , Hb.] 

Agglutinated eyes, early on awaking, with burning in the 
canthi, on washing (2d d.). [Ng., Hb.] 

Redness of the white of the eyes, with itching of the eyes. 

A vesicle in the w^hite of the eye. 

A mist before the eyes, which prevents her from seeing 
clearly, either in the air or the brightest sunshine, either what is 
close or what is distant; but she sees better in the room. [_Ng., 
50. Early, for several mornings, dimness of the eyes, as if foggy, 
passing awaj^ on washing. [Hb., Ng.] 

Sensation, in the left eye, as if a body was rising up which 
prevented her from seeing, in the forenoon (14th and 15th d.). 

Yellow spots before the eyes, while se\^4ng, and when she 
looks down through the window into the garden (2d d.). \_Ng., 

Lancinating pains in the ears, passing inwards and outwards, 
also with boring and burning, most when walking in the air. 
iNg., Hb.] 

Digging and tearing in the right ear, also at night when 
lying on it, a digging and rolling as if something wanted to come 
out. [Ng., Hb.] 
55. Twitching (with boring) in the ears, also behind the left ear, 
around a humid tetter. [Hb., JVg.] 

Tickhng in the right ear. [Hb., Ng.] 

Itching in both ears, not passing away by scratching, with 
running out of fluid wax for several days (aft. 5 d.). [Hb., Ng.] 


Painful pimple on the anthelix of the right ear. 

Itching pimples in the right external concha, urging to con- 
stant scratching. \_//b., JVg-.'\ 
60. Growling and thundering in the right ear, while sitting, also 
at night, wdth rhythmic or pulse-like strokes (6th d.). [//5., Ng.~\ 

Sore nose, within and on the borders of the nostrils. 

Pain as of ulceration in the left nasal passage, with sensitive- 
ness to external touch, returning often (aft. 3d.), [//i^. , A^.] 

External swelling of the left side of the nose, with formation 
of bloody crusts in the nose (3d d.). \^//d., A^.] 

Bleeding of the nose from the left nostril, after previous itch- 
ing(3dd.). [N^.,m.] 
65. Color of the face very pale. [^/.] 

Twitching pain in the right upper side of the face in a small 
spot, ceasing when pressing upon it, but returning at once (15th 

Tearing in the bones of the face, especially in the zygoma 
and the lower jaw, also in the evening. [//<^., A^.] 
Tearing stitches on the right side of the chin. 
Burning heat in the face, ceasing in the open air (3d d.). 

\_m., Ng:\ 

70. Swelling of the cheek, with swelling of a gland under the 
right angle of the lower jaw, with throbbing, stinging pain. 

Eruption in the face. 

After itching and scratching, pimples in front on the fore- 
head (6th d.). [m, Ng?^ 

Painless vesicles on the left side of the face (nth d.). \Hb., 


Herpes in the face, dry and tettery. \Rl^ 
75. The lips are contracted and seem to be fatty. 

Both the lips burn like fire; also at times, burning with 
stinging of the upper lip (2d and 22d d.). \Hb., NgP\ 

Excoriated spot on the right side of the lower lip, with burn- 
ing pain, as if sore (2d d.). \Hb., NgP\ 

Chapped lips. 

Dry lips, shrunk together, they chapped, and she had to 
moisten them continually with the tongue. 
80. Itching pimples about the upper lip (2d d. ). [A^-, Hb.'\ 

Blisters on the upper lip, which inflame and fester (aft. 22 d."). 
IHb., Ng?^ 

Swelling of the gums, on the left lower row, with stitches up 
into the temple on that side (aft. 11 d.). \Hb., Ng?^ 

Tearing in the teeth. {Rl.'X 

Tearing toothache, mostly in the evening, sometimes ceasing 
in bed. \Hb., Ng:\ 
85. Tearing in a decayed root of a tooth, ceasing on pressure with 
the finger (15th d.). \fib,, Ng:\ 

Stinging pain in the upper front teeth (5th d. \ [///'., ^^i:■.] 

On the tip of the tongue vesicles, paining, as if burned. 

On the tip of the tongue, vesicles, which burn like fire ^3'^^ 
d.). lHb.,Ng.-\ 

264 hahxemaxn's chronic diseases. 

Sore throat, a stinging in the throat while swallowing and at 
other times (aft. 20 d.). \Hb., A^.] 

90. Stinging in the fauces when 3'awning, frequenth^ (istd.). 

Swelling of the throat, without and within, with pressive 
pain in swallowing, and drawing, lancinating pain in the glands of 
the lower jaw, which are highl}' swollen. 

In the tonsils of the throat, which are not swollen, a throb- 
bing, as of a pulsating artery, with restlessness and anxiety (aft. 

12 d.). \_Ri:\ 

Strong throbbing in the glands of the throat, without in- 
flammation, and swelhng of the same, with want of air in the 
throat and transient heat (aft. 24 d.). [^/.] 

Swelling of the cervical glands (aft. 12 d.). C^^-] 
95. Scrap3' sore throat. 

Roughness in the throat, which goes off after eating. \Hb., 

Sensation of rawness in the fauces with stinging pain (aft. 13 

Sensation of dryness in the throat (15th d.). \Hb., Ng.'\ 
Mucus in the throat, mostly early in the morning; this he can 
neither hawk up nor swallow down (the first 8 to 11 d.). \Hb.^ 


100. In the morning, much hawking of mucus. 

Taste in the mouth pappv, earlj' on getting up (3d d.). 

Disagreeable taste and collection of water in the mouth ( i st 
d.). \_Hb.^Ng.-\ 

Bitter in the mouth, the whole day (aft. 7, 8 d.). \Hb., iX^-.] 

In the morning, bitter taste in the mouth, with bitter eructa- 
tion, passing awaj^ after partaking of food (ist d.). \Hb., NgP^ 
105. Sourish taste in the mouth. 

Early on aAvaking, sour' taste in the mouth ri4thd.). \Hb.^ 


Eructation of air (soon aft. taking medicine). \^Hb., Ng^ 
Pressive eructation, with taste of food partaken (aft. 22 d.). 


Bitter eructation, at times with the taste of food eaten, or 
with hiccup (5th, nth d.). \^Hb., Ng.'\ 
no. Belching up the ingesta [//^., NgP^ 

In the afternoon, belching up bitter, sour water, the taste of 
which remained in her mouth until she again ate something ( 1 7th 
d.). VHb..Ng.-\ 

Hiccup, very frequent, at times with stitches in the left 
side of the chest. \Hb., yV^.] 

Nausea (ist d.). [7^/.] 

Nausea with inclination to vomit when taking a walk, or im- 
mediately after dinner, when it passes off through eructations and 
in the air. {_Hb., Ng:\ 
115. Nausea with pressure in the stomach, and yet inclination to 


Appetite almost quite lost (aft. 24 d.). [^^.] 
No hunger and no appetite; yet he takes his usual meals, 
especiall}' his dinner, and his food has its natural taste Taft. 4 d.). 

In the evening, lack of appetite; she does not want to eat 
and 3'awns often (i6th d.). {_^b., Ng^ 

Much thirst, especiall^^ in the evening (the first 8 d., 15th, 
19th d.). {Hb., AV] 
120. Thirst several days and nights, when she drank very much 
water (aft. 24 d.). {^Hb., Ng^^ 

Absence of thirst, contrarj' to his habit (ist d.). \Hb., A^.] 

xVfter every meal, noon and evening, he has nausea, and the 
water from the stomach runs out of his mouth (water-brash), with 
shuddering all over (aft. 26 d.). 

After meals, throbbing in the chest and fauces, with heat of 
the face and uneasiness. 

Diarrhoea after everything partaken of, with pains in the 
belly, back, the small of the back and the limbs. 
125. Feeling as of emptiness in the stomach, or of hunger (soon). 

im., Ng:\ 

Feeling in the stomach of fasting, yet it feels full; aggravated 
after breakfast (i6th d.). \Hb., Ng^^ 

Feeling of fullness in the stomach, with tightness, without 
shortness of breath, the whole afternoon, and not alleviated either 
by rest, or motion, or eructations. \Hb., A^.] 

Drawing in the stomach, frequently. \Hb., Ng.'\ 

Sensation in the stomach, as if everything were turning over, 
with tendency to water-brash and great qualmishness, as if about 
to vomit, relieved bv eructation, while walking in the open air. 
130. Burrowing and writhing in the stomach in the morning, ceas- 
ing after breakfast (2d d.). \_Ng., Hb.'] 

Gnawing, or burrowing, in the stomach, as if there were 
worms in it. \_Hb., Ng~\ 

Burning from the stomach, toward the fauces, like heartburn. 


Burning and pressure in the stomach, changing afterwards 
into stitches. \_Hb.,A^g.'] 

Burning and stitches in the scrobiculus cordis, drawing thence 
into the right axilla and the upper arm. [///?., A^^;'-.] 
135. In both the hypochondria, intermittent pinching, both in rest 
and in motion (2d d.)- \_^b., N'g.'] 

In the region of the right ribs, stitching and burning, in the 
afternoon, while walking (9th d.). [JSfg., Hb.'] 

In the region of the left lower ribs, from time to time, stitches 
while spinning. [///?., Ng.] 

Stitches in the spleen while sitting. 

Colic. [7?/.] 
140. Pressure in the abdomen. 

Pressure, as if exerted bv the hand, o\\ the left side of the 
belly (19th d.). \_Hb., AV] 


Heaviness in the hj^pogastrium, as from a load, with anxiety, 
as if the hypogastrium were about to burst open; passing away in 

Distension of the abdomen, relieved by passing flatus, in the 
evening, before the menses (15th d.). \Hb.,Ng.'\ 

Tension and inflation of the abdomen, up to the stomach, 
passing away after two liquid stools; in the evening (istd.). 
\Hb., Ng:\ 
145. Stitches in the left side of the hj'pogastrium, above the hip, 
while sitting and while bending forward in standing. 

Cutting and lancinating pains about the navel (15th d.). 
\Hb., iV^.] 

In the evening, at 7 o'clock, cutting in the whole abdomen, 
extending to the groin and into the small of the back, ceasing after 
an ordinary stool (19th d.). \Hb., Ng^ 

Pinching in the belly, around the navel, with subsequent 
diarrhoea; or while standing, aggravated by stooping. \Hb., Ng^l 

Severe pinching of the belly, quickly followed by a diarrhoeic 
stool (at once). 
150. Pinching, and pinching-grasping pain in the hypogastrium, 
with dyspnoea. 

At every breath, pinching in the belly, passing off with the 
expiration (15th d.). \Hb., Ng.~\ 

Early, after rising, pinching, passing around in the abdomen 
and the groin, as before the menses (i8th d.). \Hb., Ng,'\ 

Drawing, in the side of the abdomen. 

Burrowing, digging, in a small spot near the navel (4th d.). 
155. Burning pain in the epigastrium, in a small spot, also in the 
right flank, while sitting, \Hb., Ng^ 

In the right groin, an indescribable pain, which extends often 
up into the hip and the small of the back (15th d). \Hb., Ng.'\ 

Sensation of distension in the groin, with painfulness in the 
left groin while sitting, and tension and digging in the right groin. 

Pressive tension, and, as it were, pressing out in the left side 
of the hypogastrium, beside the abdominal ring. 

Tearing, tensive pain in the region of the groin, while walk- 
160. Cutting and lancinating pain in the inguinal regions, up to 
the small of the back, with urging to urinate, in the evening, every 
half hour. \Hb., tV^,] 

Stitches in the right groin and out behind the hip, in sitting 
(4th d,), \Hb., Ng:\^ 

Pain as of a sprain in the left inguinal region, compelling him 
to walk crooked (3d d,), \_Hb., A^.] 

Pain as from ulceration in the right inguinal region, only 
perceptible in walking \Hb., Ng.^ 

Externally on the right side of the abdomen, a great furuncle. 

165,^ Winding, grumbhng and rumbling in the belly, sometimes 

with pinching, at times with the passage of much flatus, {^Hb. , Ng.~\ 


Earh', on awaking, in bed, grumbling and fermentation in the 

sides of the belh^ up into the chest. 

Frequent passage of loud sounding or fetid flatus. \Hb. , Ng.'\ 
The stool is intermitted often for several days (on the 2d, 3d, 

4th, 13th, i6th, 17th, 22d, 23d d.) with various provers. \Hb., 

No stool for two days, with constant colic and sensation as if 
diarrhoea were coming on (22d, 23d d.). \Hb.^ ^S-\ 
170. Frequent, normal stool, at times followed by burning. \Hb., 

Solid stool, during the whole time of proving. \Hb., NgP^ 

Hard (lumpy, scanty) stool, passing with much urging, fol- 
lowed every time by a soft stool later on. \Hb., Ng^ 

Stool, the first part of which is hard, the later soft (9th, 14th 
d.). lHb.,Ng.-\ 

Several soft stools during the day, at times with severe 
urging and pain in the hypogastrium, after every new dose, and 
often at other times. \Hb., Ng^ 
175. Soft, yellow stool with hurried urging thereto and followed by 
tenesmus and burning in the anus (5th d.). \Hb., Ng^ 

Diarrhoea, with subsequent pains in the abdomen (as if sore 
and bruised) (5th, 8th d.). \Hb., A^.] 

Half liquid (mucous) stools, with pains around the navel 
(ist, 2dd.). \Hb., Ngr[ 

Green (mucous) diarrhoea in the morning (3d, 4th d.). \Hb., 

Before the customary stool, pain around the navel (even 
after 12 d.). \Hb., Ng?^ 
180. With the customary stool, stitches in the anus. \Hb., Ng.'\ 

During and after a soft stool, much burning in the anus. 

In the anus, itching pain as of soreness, and beside it several 

In the perinaeum, tearing pain while walking. 

In the evening, lancinating, tearing pain in the perinseum. 
185. In the bladder, down into the urethra, a lancinating, pinch- 
ing pain, while lying down. 

Constant urging to urinate, beginning at 4 A. m. 

Urging to urinate, but only a few drops were emitted, until 
with the subsequent stool the urine flowed again normallv. \_Hb., 


He can emit the urine only quite slowly. 

Scanty passage of urine and less frequent than usually (the 
first days). {Hb., Ng.'] 
190. Increased micturition, even while drinking but little (^2d and 
9th d.). {Hb., Ng?^ 

In the morning, more frequent urging to urinate and more 
frequent micturition. 

At night he had to get up frequently to urinate, and emits an 
unusual quantity of urine (ist, i7tli d.). {_Hb., Ng.'\ 


The urine (discharged) is hot, and increased in quantit}^ (the 
first days). \Hb.. iV^.] 

Reddish, clear urine, without clouds or sediment, during the 
menses. \Hb., NgT^ 
195. Deep-vellow urine, with a loose cloud on the bottom (6th d.). 
\_Hb..Ng!\ ^ 

Clavev sediment in the urine after one hour (5th d.). \Hb., 

In the left spermatic cord, stitches and throbbing (5th d.). 

Frequent erections (aft. yd.). \_Hb., Ng^ 

In the genitals, earl}' on awaking, sensation as after nocturnal 


200. The catamenia (two da3^s) too early, with pains in the 

abdomen and the small of the back, continuing also at night, 

when the blood also flows more strongly (aft. 17 d.). \_Hb., Ng.'\ 

During the menses, much blood passes with the stool. 

Leucorrhoea, with distention of the abdomen, without ac- 
cumulation of flatus. 

Leucorrhoea, like the white of eggs, after previous pinching 
around the navel. \Hb., Ng?^ 

Painless discharge of brown mucus from the vagina, after 
every micturition (6th and 7th d.). \Hb., Ng.'\ 

205. Frequent sneezing, during the day (13th and 14th d.). \Hb., 

Sensation in the upper part of the nose, as if a cold w^ere 
coming on. \Hb., AV.] 

Continual itching in the nose, with urging to blow the nose, 
and a sensation as if a rough large bodj^ were sticking in the upper 
part of the nose, with stoppage of the same (2d d.). \Hb., Ng^ 

Coryza, with eruption in the nostrils (sore nose). 

Coryza, with stoppage of the nose and loss of the sense of 
smell (13th and 14th d.). {Hb., Ng.'\ 
210. Stoppage of the nose, with pain in the right nasal cavity, at 
night, passing off next morning. \Hb., Ng^ 

Dr}' cor3'za, while clear water runs from the nose. 

Coryza, with feeling of stoppage in the nose, while much 
mucus passes off, but with effort (aft. 24 d.). \Hb.\ A^.] 

Coryza, only in one nostril, from which much thick, yellow 
matter is discharged; with tearing in the cheek-bones and the teeth 
of the left side. 

Clear, acrid water runs from the nose, corroding the lips (ist 
d.). \_Hb,,Ng^, 
215. Hoarseness, with burning in the region of the larynx, the 
w^hole afternoon (aft. 3d.). \Hb., Ng7\ 

The chest is oppressed, as wdth dn/ catarrh. 

Frequent expectoration, with ejection of little clots of 
mucus, with a sensation of rawness and soreness above, behind 
the uvula. \^Hb., A^.] 


Violent cough in the evening in bed, causing water to belch 
up in her mouth (3d and 4th d. ). {Hb., NgP^. 

Cough, while taking a deep breath, especially while lying on 
the right side. 
220. Dry cough (from tickling in the throat), in the evening and 
night, and also in daytime. \Hb. , A^.] 

Dry cough in the morning, with stitches in the fore part of the 
chest and in the region of the left lower ribs, becoming loose in 
the afternoon. [I/d., Ng.'] 

A (dry) cough, which he had before taking the medicine, 
passes (aft. 15 d.) suddenlv away, without expectoration. [i/<^., 

At night, lying on the back, a fit of loose coughing, with 
stitches in the region of the left lower ribs, so that he could not 
finish coughing for pain; on turning on the side it was still worse; 
the following day again a fit of coughing, but without stitches 
(aft. 21 d.). [m.,JVg;] 

Gough, with some expectoration in the morning (ist d.). 

225. Expectoration of blood, following itching in the throat, for 
six days. 

Short breath (aft. 18 d.). [7?/.] 

Asthma, when violently moving the arms and in stooping. 

She feels so heavy on the chest, while walking in the open 
air, that she could not get enough breath, and had frequently to 
stand still (2d d.). IHd., Ng.] 

Tightness and pressure on the chest, with tendency to eructa- 
tion, which came on in the open air and relieved the pressure; 
early on rising (aft. 19 d.). [//i^., A^.] 
230. Pressure on the left breast, while exercising in the open air, 
also into the left side of the chest, when going from the warm 
room into the open air (3d and 19th d.). [I/d., A§-.] 

Pressure and stitches on the chest, as if a morsel swal- 
lowed down had lodged there. \_//d., A^.] 

Stitches in the chest, here and there, at times w^hen taking a 
breath or sitting bent over; at times also rythmicall^^ [///?., A^.] 

Lancinating, formicating sensation of soreness in the left side 
of the chest, while sitting. 

Beating like pulsation, on a small spot in the left thoracic 
cavity, only while standing, in the morning (4th d. ). [AT/?., AV.] 
235. Painful tension under the right breast, with frequent inter- 
missions, in all positions (after dinner) (15th and i6th d.\ [///^, 

Tension or screwing together, in the lower part ot the chest, 
without reference to respiration, while standing (ist d.). [///'.. 

Pain as from a bruise under the right breast, ot itselt and also 
when touched, frequently intermittent, and often checking the 
breath (12th to i6th d.). [Hd., Ng.^ 

Burning on a small spot of the chest (while walking in tlio 
open air) (soon and aft. 13 d.). [///'., AV.] 


Tearing in the region of the heart, passing thence into the 
fore-arm (15th d.). [B'b., Ng.'\ 
240. In the left clavicle, tearing in a small spot, with pain as from 
a bruise on pressing upon it (2d d.). \_B'b., i\^.] 

Several spots on the left chest, sensation as of flea-bites, 
which immediatelv pass awav on scratching, in the evening 
(iithd.). \_Hb., Ng.-] 

Red spots on the left side of the chest, which itched with a 
burning sensation, and grow pale from the pressure of the finger 
(lothd.). [_Hb., Xg.'] 

Pain in the small of the back, with obstruction of flatus. 

After yawning, a sensation in the small of the back, as if 
something elastic, Hke air, was pressing to get out there (6th d.). 
245. Pain in the small of the back in walking, so that she cannot 
walk straight. [_Hb., Xg.'] 

On rising from stooping, pain in the small of the back. 

Painful stift'ness in the small of the back, even while sitting, 
but most on rising up after stooping. 

Nocturnal pains in the small of the back, which alwa3's 
wake her from sleep (aft. 16 d. ). [Hb., Xg.'] 

Pain in the small of the back, as if bruised or crushed, 
in rest and in motion, also at night in bed, so that she can neither 
lie on the back nor on the side. [Hb., Ng.'] 
250. Bruised pain of the coccyx, while sitting still, especialh' in 

In the back, pain as if crushed, so that she could not lie on it 
at night (aft. 3 d. j. [Hb.. Ng.] 

Pain as if bruised and sprained between the shoulder-blades, 
or as if the muscles of the back were stretched apart. 

Tension in the back, and as if compressed in a vise, in sitting; 
passing off through motion (15th d.). [Hb., Ng.] 

Drawing pressure from without inwards in the middle lumbar 
vertebrae, compelling her to stretch the hypogastrium forward. 
255. Stitches in the left shoulder-blade, especialh' on lowering the 
shoulder and on turning the body to the left. 

Stitches in the left shoulder-blade ( while at rest; ('4th and 9th 

d.). im.,Ng.-] 

Pinching in the flesh of the right shoulder-blade (15th d.). 

im.. xg.-] 

Icy cold in the back and between the shoulders, in the spot 
where the former pain had been; onh' internally, and not to be 
warmed either b}- feathers or wool; after half a da}' the cold turned 

into itching ^aft. 12 d.). [RL] 

Itching in the neck, in the evening, while undressing, passing 
off on Mng down ( 1 8th d. ) . [Hb. , Ng.] 
260. Small, inflamed, ver\' sensitive knot on the right shoulder- 
blade, not passing over into suppuration (3d d.). [Hb.. Ng.] 

Furuncle on the left shoulder, vnlh. tensive pain faft. 3d.). 

Drawing in the neck, as if in the tendons (3d d. ) . [Hb. , Ng.] 



Tension and stiffness in the neck, so that she could not move, 
in the evening ; passing off after lying down ( 1 8th d. ) . \Hb. , Ng.~\ 

Stiff neck, with pain, on turning around, extending from the 
neck to between the shoulders; for six days (aft. 6 d.). C^^-] 
265. Tearing, alternately in the right side and the left, then again 
in both sides of the neck, alternating with tearing in the cheeks 
(ist, 4th and 17th d.). [^^., Ng.] 

Tearing stitches in the neck and in the left clavicle, on mov- 
ing the head. 

Tearing in the left clavicle, in a small spot, with pain as from 
a bruise on pressing upon it (2d d.). [//<^., A^.] 

In the axilla a swollen gland, hke a hard, red abscess, 
which, however, alwavs disperses again, like a large pimple 
(i8thd.). [^/.] 

Blisters as large as peas, on the right shoulder, tensive and 
burning, and forming a scab after three days (aft. 2 d.). \_//d., 

270. In the shoulder- joints, first in the right, then in the left, 
rheumatic pain on motion. 

Drawing in the right shoulder- joint, as after a cold, while 
resting. [Hd., A^.] 

Beating on the right shoulder, and in the left axilla, in the 
morning and frequently during the day (12th and 19th d.). [//(^., 

Burning and pressing in the right shoulder (2dd. ). [//^. , 


The right arm feels to her very heavy and as if rigid, 

especially in the upper arm, as if paralyzed, in the evening while 

spinning and in the morning ( i6th, 17th and 18th d. ). \_I/d. , A^.] 

275. Tearing in the left arm (and foot) (ist d.). [^/.] 

Tearing in the left arm as if in the tendons, extending down 
into the fingers, passing off on violent motion (9th d. ) . \_/Id. , A^.] 

In the left upper arm, compressive pain, on leaning it on some- 
thing, passing away in motion (22d d.). [I/d., A^.] 

Tearing in the upper arm, as if in the marrow of the bone, 
extending down into the wrist (13th d.). [i/*^., A^.] 

Tearing in the upper arm, with sensitiveness of the arm to 
pressure (19th d.). \_I/d., A^.] 
280. In the lower arm, from the right elbow to the little finger, 
drawing, w^hich is increased to tearing and passes awa}- b}^ motion 

(2dd.). im.,Ng.] 

Pressure in the left fore- arm, while lying in bed, passing oft 
by motion, but is renew^ed on resting the arm on the table while 
writing (nth and 1 d. ) . [I/d. , A^^.] 

Itching burning in the left fore-arm under the bend of the 
elbow (13th d.). [Hd., iV^.] 

Itching on the inside of the fore- arm, in the morning, and 
eruptive pimples in the bend of the elbow. 

After scratching the inner itching side of the left fore-arm, 
little pimples appear, which soon disappear again (14 and 15th d. ^. 



285. Eruption of pimples on the right fore-arm, which impels b}^ 
its violent itching, to continual scratching. \_Hb., AV.] 

Heaviness and feeling of going to sleep, in the right fore-arm 
(3dd.). lHb.,Ng:\ 

In the wrist of the left arm, tearing and twitchmg m the 
tendons of the inner side, as if it would tear them out, with swell- 
ing on the dorsum of the left hand (ist d. and aft. 25 d.). {Hb., 

On the wrist- joint little vesicles, which first itch violenth', and 
after scratching, burn (aft. 20 d.). {Hb., Ng^ 

Large blisters and knots which are seated (on a hard founda- 
tion) in the skin, first itch violentl}^ and after scratching, burn, 
inflame and form a (reddish-brown) scab, which remains inflamed 
• a long time (with swelling of the spot), around the right wrist 
(aft. 12 and 19 d.). {Hb., AV.] 
290. A violent stitch through the hand, while walking in the open 
air (22dd.). \Hb., Ng^^ 

Stitching and beating in the left hand, Avorse on motion. 
\Hb., Ng^^ 

Beating in the right palm, passing off through motion (12th 
d.). \Hb.,Ng.-\ 

Paralj^tic feeling in the right hand, and on the right middle 
finger; in sitting and knitting (15th d.). \Hb., NgP\ 

Pain, as from a sprain on the dorsum of both hands, on seizing 
something, not in anj^ other motion; the pain is relieved on ex- 
tending the hand, and passes away with a cracking sound on press- 
ing the joint of the thumb. \Hb., A^.] 
295. Itching pimples on the dorsum of both hands, in the evening 
and night, with peeling off of the skin on this spot, the following 
morning (aft. 20 d.). \Hb., Ng.'\ 

Peeling off of the skin between the thumb and index of both 
hands (aft. 14 d.). {Hb., Ng^^ 

In the fingers (thumbs) and their joints (twitching), tearing, 
increased at times b}^ pressure or rubbing, mostl}^ in the evening. 

Violent tearing in the index, when she extended it, after 
holding something in her hand, with stiffness after clenching it, 
so that she could not extend it again (during the menses) (17th 
d.). lHb.,Ng,-\ 

Tearing in the middle joint of the thumb. 
300. Pain, as of cramp, in the right middle finger, as if in the 
tendons, on bending the fingers (nth d.) \Hb., Ng^^ 

Stitches in the finger-tips and in their joints, spreading at 
times, with throbbing into the whole hand, and passing away by 
motion of the same. S^Hb., Ng^ 

Stitches and painful beating under the nail of the left thumb 
(5th, 8th d.). \_Hb.,Ng.-\ 

Frequent tingling m the tips of the fingers (and thumbs), 
as from going to sleep. \Hb., A^.] 

Violent, long-continued itching in the tip of the index, not to 
be relieved by scratching, in the morning (12th d.). \_Hb., A^.] 


305. In the hip, on the left side, pain, as if the tendons were too 
short, so that she has to Ump in walking; in sitting, there is then a 
gnawing pain in the bones. \_Hb., Ng.'] 

Tearing, from the left hip down into the leg, in sitting; in the 
beginning relieved b}^ rising and returning on sitting down, but 
later on it is not even relieved by motion (i6th d.). [Hb., Ng.~\ 

In the legs, lassitude and weakness the whole day (the first 
days). im.,Ng.-] 

Trembling of the left leg, with sensitiveness to the touch 
(lothd.). IHb., Ng.'] 

In the thigh, in front, tearing pain in sitting. 
310. Painful tearings on the external side of the right thigh, in 
the evening, in sitting (15th d.). [Hb., Ng.] 

In the knee-joints, extremely painful stitches, in the evening, 
in sitting (3d d.). ^Hb., A^g.] 

Stitching and tearing in the left knee, only in walking (nth 
d.). \.IIb.,Ng.-\ 

With a child, where after removing a swelling of the knee 
stiffness of the knee-joints (and curvature backward) had 
remained, the mobility was very soon restored. [Rl.] 

The tendons in both houghs pain while walking (at times 
with twitching), as if too short, not while resting. \_Hb., Ng.] 
315. Early, on arising from bed, the legs were contracted in the 
hough, as if they were dried up or too short, so that she could 
not get down the stairs; it passed off after longer and stronger 
motion (15th d.). \_Hb., Ng.] 

In the legs, a drawing tension, in sitting and lying down, com- 
pelling a stooping walk, when it passes off. 

Tension and drawing in the tendons of the legs, so that he 
can not walk well, with weariness in the legs. \_Hb., Ng.] 

Spasmodic contraction about the lower part of the left leg 
(5th d.). [Hb.,Ng.] 

Insensibility of the left leg (it is as if dead), in sitting (i2tli 
d.). \_Hb.,Ng.] 
320. Stinging on the inner side of the left leg, as also in the calf, 
in sitting (13th, 14th d.). ^Hb., Ng.] 

After a four hours' walk, while resting, a stinging pain in the 
left calf (3dd.). ^Hb., Ng.] 

The bones of the heel feel sore when treading and walking, 
as if stiff and bruised. 

Violent tearing (and stitching), with pain, as of a sup- 
puration, in the heels, at times passing of by rubbing; also at 
night, in bed, not alleviated b}^ any position (4th, 17th, igth d.^. 


Spasmodic contraction, with pain in the right heel, ni the even- 
ing in bed, also with tearing on the inside of the ankles, while 
sitting (14th, 15th d.). IHb., A^g.] 
325. In the right foot, as also on the external ankle of the left toot, 
beating and pain, as in suppuration, in walking v*-^^^^- iithd.^. 

\_m., Ng.-] 



Tearing on the external border of the foot, in standing, and 
passing away on motion (7th d.). \Hb., NgP^ 

Feeling in the feet as if asleep, also at night (19th, 20th d. ). 

Cold feet in the evening in bed, she can not get them warm for 
a long time (14th d.). \Hb., Ng?^ 

In a paralyzed (already much improved) foot, pains appear. 


330. Itching in the sole of the right foot, in the evening (2d d.). 

In the toes, especially the big toes (twitching) tearing, 
while sitting and standing. \Hb., Ng^ 

Stitches in the left small toe, in standing and walking; as also 
in the big toe, where it slowly decreases and increases. \Hb. , Ngl^ 

Pinching itching in front on the right big toe (7th d.). 

(m, Ng.-\ 

On the skin of the whole body, now here now there, itching 
(and smarting), so that she cannot scratch enough, in the evening, 
most before lying down, and sometimes passing awa}^ after lying 
down. {Hb., Ng.'\ 
335. In the evening, before going to bed, violent itching over the 
whole body, especially on the chest and the fore-arms, with little 
pimples on scratching (2d, 10th, 14th and 15th d.). \Hb., Ng.'\ 

At night and in the morning, violent itching about the hips, 
on the thighs, legs, and about the houghs, with miliary pimples. 

Fine miliary eruption over the whole body, for two weeks 
(aft 16 d.). 

Vesicular pimples in front on the chest and on the left leg, 
which first itch, then burn. \Hb.. ^g^ 

All bones of the body are painful, as if bruised, while sitting 

still, in slumber. 

340. In the whole body, especially in the back, feeling of pain as 

from a bruise, with tearing in both the shoulders and in the neck, 

early, after rising, and worse on motion (aft. 25 d.). \Hb., Ng^ 

Early on awaking, the body feels drawn together, so that she 
can hardly walk, but it passed away through continued walking 
(19th d.). \Hb., Ng:\ 

Tearing, as if in the bones, on the left upper arm, and then in 
the right thigh, down from the hip, in sitting ( loth d. ) . \Hb. , JVg.^ 

Tearing (and painful twitching) now here now there in the 
limbs, most of all in the (temples), arms, houghs, thighs, calves, 
fingers and toes, in the evening in sitting, and better after lying 
down; between the index and the middle finger the pain at times 
raged and beat as if an ulcer were about to form. [I/b. , Ng.] 
In the evening, twitching tearing in the tips of the fingers 
and toes, then in the right upper arm, now here, now there, with 
anxiety; passing off on lying down (i6th d.). [Ifb., Ng.] 
345, Twitches (stitches) and burning formication in the tips of 
the fingers and toes, as from going to sleep, in the evening, 
afternoon and also at night. [lib., A^.] 

Stitches in the tips of the fingers and toes while walking in 
the open air, (22d d.). [I/b., Ng.'] 


Pressive burning and stitches, now here, now there, in various 
places (3dd.). {Hb-, ^f-] 

Stitches in the left side of the abdomen, then in the right side 
of the chest, then in the right shoulder-blade, and lastly in the 
small of the back, with chilliness and drowsiness during the day. 

The limbs on the right side seem more affected than those of 
the left. \Hb., Ng:\ 
350. She seems to feel better in the open air. \Hb., Ng^ 

His blood seems always in tumultuous activity. 

Rushes of blood in the whole body, attended with anxiety, 
and during the whole time of proving, she feels more warm than 
cold. {Hb., Ng.'] 

Toward evening, for one hour, a severe beating headache in the 
forehead, aggravated by touching the forehead; attended with 
weakness, so that he could hardly walk, and when he went to bed, 
a shaking chill. 

Sudden lassitude and weakness after dinner, while moving 
about in the open air (19th d.). \Hb., Ng.'\ 
355. Very much fatigued. [^/.] 

Very tired in the morning, [i^/.] 

Constant yawning without drowsiness, in the morning (7th 

d.). VHb.,Ng:\ 

In the evening, early, great drowsiness, with closing of 
the eyes; passing oif when the lights are lit. \Hb., Ng?^ 

She cannot go to sleep before 3 a. m. (on which she sleeps in 
the morning and wakes up in a perspiration). \Hb., Ng^ 
360. She cannot go to sleep before midnight, on account of her 
cold feet. 

Before midnight, she is kept awake a long time by heat in her 
head. IHb., Ng:\ 

In going to sleep, starting up with fright (5th d.). \Hb., 

Uneasy sleep, after midnight, with frequent awaking and 
turning from one side to the other, with dreams. 

She wakes up about 12 or 3 o'clock at night, and then can 
not go to sleep again (ist, 17th d.). \Hb., Ng.'\ 
365. Very restless nights. [^/.] 

Sleep full of dreams (aft. 3d.). [Hb., Ng:\ 

Frequently anxious, frightful dreams, at which she wakes 
up anxious and frightened. \_Hb., Ng.'\ 

Dreams about falling in the water. [///?., AV.] 

Dreams she is sick, that she has a rash. \Hb., Ng?^ 
370. Lascivious dreams about coition. 

Voluptuous dreams (aft. 4, 5, 12 d.). [///'., Ng.'\ 

At 2 o'clock at night, violent cutting throughout the abdo- 
• men, from which she wakes up (aft. 24 d.). [///'.. A^.] 

Oft-repeated sneezing, without coryza, wakes her up at 
night, with formication in the throat, exciting cough and the se- 
cretion of saliva (aft. 6 d.). \Rl.^ 

Heaviness on the chest, at night, in bed, with half-unoonsoious 
awaking, in a sort of dream, as if somebody had^hanged him, and 
pressed hard upon his chest (aft. 5 d.). [///^, A>.] 


375. Excessive pains in the small of the back awake her at 
night from sleep, with a paral5^tic pain in both hips and thighs, 
which parts even pain on the following morning, when touched 
(aft. 18 d.). \_Hb., Ng:\ 

At night, awaking from pains as from a sprain and a bruise 
in the right side of the back, extending to the middle ribs, and into 
the axillae, on turning the body, stretching the arms, sneezing, 
yawning and breathing. 

In the hip, after midnight, stitches in any position, relieved 
b}^ pressure; with frequent passage of flatus, and a sensation ^s if 
the pain was caused by flatus (19th d.). \Hb., Ng^ 

At night, awaking from tearing in the right upper arm and in 
the legs, from the heels up into the bones (aft. 24 d.). \Hb., Ng.'l 

Violent itching, at night, between the shoulders and on the 
left forearm, so that he felt like scratching the skin open (aft. 2 

d.). lHb.,Ng:\ 

380. Chilliness at night, she dare not uncover herself. \Hb., A^.] 

Chill (and coldness), mostly in the evening, at times with 
thirst before or during the same, and a few" times subsequently in 
the night, perspiration. \Hb., A^.] 

In the evening, or after midnight, a chill, then (alternately) 
heat, then perspiration, all without thirst (3d, 13th d.). \_Hb., 

Frequent attacks of fever, chills followed by heat, with a 
thick, red face, and thirst during chill and heat; the intervals free 
of fever w^ere of half an hour. 

More heat (warmth) than cold, during the last part of the 
provings (aft. 17 d.). \Hb., Ng.'\ 
385. In the warm room and after rapid motion, heat all over, and 
redness of the face, but especially, externally, in front, over the 
whole chest; a stinging sensation of heat. 

Heat, in the forenoon; thirst, early on rising. {Hb., Ng^ 

Dry heat in the head, frequently, on entering a room, with 
subsequent slight thirst, in the evening (19th d.). \Hb., Ng.^ 

Heat in the whole body, as if perspiration was about to break 
out (aft. 14 d.). \Hb., Ng.'] 

Frequent transient heat, with subsequent perspiration (i^th 

d.). [m. Ng:\ 

390. Great heat, at night, in bed; then in the morning, perspira- 
ration (i8thd.). \Hb., Ng.'] 

Heat in the palms, soles of the feet, and in the face; in the 
evening, immediately on lying down (with thirst); afterward per- 
spiration (2d, 3d, 4th d.). \^Hb., A^.] 

Early, on arising, a feeling of heat, and some perspiration in 
the hands and smelling foot-sweat. 

Heat in the whole body, with redness of the face and perspi-. 
ration, on moving about in the open air (aft. 24 d.). \Hb., Ng.'] 

Heat and perspiration, in the afternoon; then some thirst. 
395. Perspiration, about midnight (aft. 4 d.). {Hb., NgP[ 

Several nights, perspiration over the whole body. 

Strong perspiration, early in bed (2d d.). \Hb., Ng.l 




The lofty tree {^Avicennia tome?itosa^ seniecarpus Anacardiurn) 
which yields this fruit, grew in the time of the Arabs, on Mt. ^tna, 
in Sicily; now it is found in dry forests in East India. Between the 
outer, shining black, heart-shaped and hard shell and the sweet 
kernel within, which is covered with a thin, brownish-red skin, this 
fruit contains in a tissue of cells a thickish, blackish juice, with 
which the Hindoos indelibly mark their linen, and of such acridity, 
that even moles can be cauterized with it. It is only rarely that 
we get this fruit so fresh that this juice is still somewhat fluid, of 
the consistence of honey; usually it is quite dry. We take of this, 
for homoeopathic use, one grain, and like other dry vegetable sub- 
stances, it is brought by three hours' trituration with thrice one 
hundred grains of sugar of milk to the millionth powder-attenua- 
tion, and then through solution, dilution and shaking, its medicinal 
power is developed and potentized. 

This fruit, as well as the tree which bears it, is to be carefully dis- 
tinguished from another which bears a similar name, Anacardium 
occidentale ; the fruit of this tree is of kidney-shape and was un- 
known to the Arabs, who first called attention to the medicinal 
powers of the heart-shaped fruit, which they called Balador. 

During the last one thousand years this powerful and sanative 
remedy had fallen into total oblivion, as well as several other reme- 
dies which the more observant ancients had made good use of. 

Serapio in his book, De Siinplicibus^ C. 346 (contained in Pradica 
Sei'aponis, Venet. fol. 1550), quotes most of the writers among the 
Arabians who have written about the use of the juice of Anacardium. 
Abe7i Mesiiai says: It is good when sensation and memor}' have been 
marred; Alchalahamen: its property is to encounter the relaxation 
of the nerves (paralysis) ; Bedigoras: it removes forgetfulness and 
sharpens sensation; Abugerig: it is good for paralytics and those 
who fear its coming. This last writer also advises carefulness in its 
use; it produces — bai^as (heaviness?) and leprosy and abscesses, and 
perhaps it kills — it is hurtful to youths and to the choleric. 

If on choosing Anacardium, according to its peculiar syinptoins. 
also one or another of the following states is found, this would only 
make more sure the correctness of its choice. 


Hypochondriac, troubled mood; depression; unsociableness; anx- 
iety; fear of approach of death; lack of moral sense (flagitiousness, 
impiety, inhumanity, hardheartedness) ; a condition as if he had two 
wills, of which the one annuls what the other impels him to do; sen- 
sation as if his spirit were unconnected with the body; feeling of the 
head as after a debauch; pressive headache from the temple toward 
the eye; headache in the occiput, from a misstep or loud noise; weak- 
7iess and di77iness of the eyes; nets and dark spots before the eyes; 
painful swelling of the external ear; itching in the ears; running of 
the ears; humming of the ears; rushing sound in the ears; deafness; 
bleeding of the nos^-, fetid smell from the 77iouth, without his being 
aware of it; waterbrash; fetid taste of the mouth ; severe thirst; lack 
of appetite; morning sickness; weaknessof the stomach; indigestion; 
pressure in the scrobiculus cordis, early on awaking; pressure on the 
liver; hardness of the abdomen; blood with the stool; varices of the 
anus, also painful ones; itching of the anus; humor from the rectum; 
burning of the glans during and after micturition; involuntary erec- 
tions during the day; lack of enjoyment of coitus; leucorrhoea, with 
itching and soreness; sensation of dryness in the nose; stoppage of 
the nose; long-continued catarrh and flow of mucus from the nose; 
cough, with expectoration; rattling in the bronchia, while lying on 
the side; shooting and heaviness in the forearm; tensive pain and 
weakness in the arm ; trembling of the right hand; burning in the 
soles of the feet; weight in the hmbs, especially in the knees; tremu- 
lous weariness; want of irritability of the skin, so that it can not be 
excited by resins to itching and to become moist; sensitiveness to 
colds and draughts; inclination to colds; late in falling asleep; anxious 
dreams; chilliness; perspiration in sitting. 

Camphor and ethereal spirits of nitre are but weak antidotes; but 
smelling of raw coffee is efficacious against the anger and violence 
caused by Anacardium. 

Those physicians who, besides me, contributed their observations 
to the pure effects of Anacardium are: Br., Dr. Becher ; Fz., Dr. 
Franz; Gr., Dr. Gross; Htn., Dr. Hartmann; Hr7n., Dr. Herr- 
ma7in; Lgh., Dr. Langhami7ier; St., Dr. Stapf. 



Anguish and apprehension as of imminent misfortune. [i5r.] 
Anxiety and apprehension in the evening, after cheerfulness 
during the day. [f^gh.l 

A pathogenesis of Anacardium appeared in the third Vol. of the Archiv (1823), containing 
484 symptoms obtained from the powdered bean and tincture by the seven provers mentioned 
above and by Hahneminn himself. His present symptom-list is made up of these and of 138 
fresh symptoms obtained (in all probability) in his later rviQ.-a.n^r.— Hughes. 


Internal anguish, which did not allow him to rest, he troubled 
himself about every trifle, as if it would cause great injury, with 
solicitude about the future. 

5. In walking and in standing, uneasiness, as if some one were 
coming behind him; everything around him seemed to him sus- 

Timorous in all his actions; he views everything more anx- 
iously and timidly, always thinks of being surrounded by enemies, 
then he becomes hot, his blood seems to boil in his chest (aft. 
7, 8d.). 

Anxious apprehension and deep thoughts, on meditating over 
his present and his future fate. {Lgh.) 

The future seems to him very dangerous, as if nothing were 
imminent but misfortune and danger; distrust in his own power, 
and despondency. 

He is at odds with the whole world, and has so little confi- 
dence in himself that he despairs of being able to accomplish what 
is demanded of him. 

10. In the forenoon, extremely hypochondriac, discouraged and 
despondent, with awkward, helpless manner; all movements are 
extremely clumsy and indolent (aft. 3d.). [^Fz.'] 

Anxious solicitude and moroseness. \_Gr.'] 

Extremely morose and ill-humored. [St.'\ 

The whole day in a peevish mood; all that surrounds him 
makes a disagreeable impression on him. \_Lgh.'] 

Gloomy, annoyed mood, with an impulse to go into the open 
air. \_Br.'] 

15. Very peevish and out of humor, with great sensitiveness to 
all offences. 

He takes everything ill and becomes violent. 

Passionate and contrary. [Gr.'] 

Extremely passionate at a slight offence, breaking out into 

Indisposed to everything. 
20. Indisposition to work; he is afraid to undertake anything, he 
has no pleasure in anything. [St.~\ 

In the afternoon he is in a better humor than in the forenoon ; 
he is more cheerful and disposed to work, as soon as the drowsi- 
ness after dinner is passed (aft. 38 d.). [Fz.'] 

Very indifferent and unfeeling; neither agreeable nor dis- 
agreeable matters excite his sympathy; for eight days. 

An excitement which is unnaturally cheerful. 

He laughs, when he ought to be serious. 
25. He is compelled to laugh, while engaged in very serious 
matters, by a titillation below the scrobiculus cordis; in laughable 
matters he can keep serious. 

His thoughts leave him. \_Sf.~\ 

Great weakness of the memory; he could not find the words 
he wanted. 

Great weakness of the memory; he cannot retain anything;-; 
everything immediatel}" slips from him. 


Difficult recollection; nothing remains in his memory; he 
has a lack of ideas, and loses his subject quickly and without per- 
ceiving it. [/^2.^ 
30. His memory is quite deficient earh' in the morning, especially 
as to single names. \_^^.^ 

In the afternoon, there is a diminution of imagination and of 
memory; he cannot recollect an^'thing (aft. 5, 6 h. ). \_F2.~\ 

In the afternoon, his memory is better than in the fore- 
noon, although it is slow in 3'ielding what it ought to yield at one; 
still the understanding of what he reads is very easy to him, even 
if he cannot quite retain it (aft. 3, 4 d.). [i^^.] 

Increase, greater keenness of the memory'; even the least 
circumstances of times long past come back to him, without cause; 
he would also be now able to easily learn by heart, if other press- 
ing thoughts did not distract him , though he can grasp these with 
ease (aft. i^ h.). \_F2.'] 

Anacardium enfeebles the understanding. [Matthiolus in 
Commenta7\ in Dioscorid. M. M. L. V., Cap. V, p. 985.^] 
35. Obtuseness of the senses, with anxiety; he hardh^ notices 
what passes around him. 

His mind is very much oppressed, as if a cold in the head were 
coming on. 

He can only think when a subject is suggested to him; he 
does not of himself think of anj'thing; he cannot independently 
determine on anj^thing. 

Everything intellectual is hard for him, as in a dearth of 
ideas. \_St^ 

Obtuseness of the senses, with numb feeling of the head, and 
decrepitude. \_St7^ 
40. In the morning, after a sound sleep, he cannot grasp the least 
thing; his head feels waste and empty. [/>.] 

Increased phantasy; something new continually occurs to 
him, which he must follow out. 

In the evening, from 9 to 10 o'clock, his phantasy is at first 
unusualh- excited, and there are mam^ projected ideas; he can not 
bridle his attention; but gradually his mental organ becomes quite 
blunted, so that he does not think anv more of anvthing at all 
(aft. 16 h.). {F2^^ 

The mind is much more lively than before; he enters eagerly 
into^ acute inquiries; but every exertion of this kind causes him 
tearing, pressive headache in the forehead, the temples, and in the 
occiput. {Fz.l 

An3^ exertion of the mind causes him at once a sensation of 
prostration in the brain. 
45. _ Delusion of fancy; he thought his name was called by the 
voice of his (far distant) mi other and sister; at the same time an 
apprehension and anguish foreboding misfortune. \_B}\'\ 

Melancholy dejection and imagination, as if there was stand- 
ing in the adjacent room a bier, on which a friend or he himself 
was lying. 

' Gei:eral statement of effects. (Book VI, Chap. V, p. 660 of edit. Venice, i -^^^.)— Hughes. 


He mixes up the present with the future. 

Numb feeUng first of the left, then also of the right side of the 
head. [Gr.-] 

Painful, obtuse, benumbed feeling of the head, when he lies 
in an inconvenient position in bed. [^BrJ] 
50. Dull, painful, muddled feeling of the forehead, down to the 
root of the nose. [_Gj\'] 

Early, after rising, his head is so muddled and heavy that he 
can hardly carry it; he had to lie down again. 

The head feels very heavy, the whole day. 

Dizzy in the head, as after drinking liquor. 

It whirls about in his head. \_Gr,'] 
55. Vertigo on stooping, like turning around in a circle (aft. 13 
h.). iLgh.-] 

Vertigo; everything becomes black before the eyes. [_Gr.'] 

After a w^alk, in the afternoon, violent vertigo. 

While w^alking, vertigo, wdth a sensation as if all objects were 
too far distant. 

Vertigo, as if all objects, or he himself, were staggering; he 
had to hold on to something (ist d.). 
60. Vertigo, so that he almost fell down. 

Stupefying, dizzying, pressive pain in the whole head, espe- 
cially in the forehead; he was about to fall to the left side w^hile 
sitting (aft. 2 to 2 1/3 h.). \_Lgh.'] 

Pressure in the head, from time to time. 

Pressure in the occiput, on the right side (aft. 3 h.). [Hrm.'\ 

Early, every time on awaking, pressure in the forehead, worse 
from walking, as if the brain were being shaken. 
65. In the middle of the forehead a dull pressure, which is aggra- 
vated with slow, deeply penetrating progress, and gradually occu- 
pies the whole of the sinciput in the evening. [6^r.] 

Severe pressure on the right side of the forehead, from within 
outward. [///;?.] 

Violent pressure in the region of the right temple. 
[Ht7i., Hrm.'\ 

Dull pressure outward out of the right eminence of the fore- 

Dull pressure, as from a peg, on the left side of the crown. 
70. Inward pressure on the left temple. \Gr.'\ 

Obtuse pressure inward, here and there, in small spots of the 
head. \_Gr.'\ 

Inward pressure and squeezing in both temples, with con- 
stant constriction of the upper part of the head, passing away 
toward evening. \_Gr^ 

Squeezing together and dull pressure below the left frontal 
eminence. \Gr.^ 

Squeezing together of both temples at the same time. [( /"/-.] 
75. Constrictive headache in the forehead, with very peevish 
humor, aggravated from hour to hour, with violent burrowing 
pain, relieved momentarily by strong pressure upon the forehead; 


at last the pain occupies the whole head with a painful sensation, 
as if a bandage were drawn tightly from the neck toward both 
ears; he has to lie down, and the pains continue from 5 p. m. till 
next morning. \_Gr.~\ 

Violent pain, as from a vise, in the right side of the forehead, 
especially on the external border of the orbit. \_Gr.~\ 

Pressive, pinching headache in the sinciput, with single tear- 
ings toward the forehead (aft. 24 h.). [Br.'] 

Tearing pressure in the left temple. {Hrm., G?\~\ 

Tearing headache during arduous work (aft 4d.). [/^^.] 
80. Tearing pain in the brain, just over the right temple. [7/rw.] 

Tearing, which begins quite low down on the right side of 
the occiput and goes up into the forehead (aft. 35 h.). \_I/rm.] 

Repeated tearing in the right side of the head, face and neck, 
and immediatel}^ afterward buzzing before the left ear. \Gr.] 

Repeated tearing in the whole head, with a general shaking 
chill, ill-humor and restlessness, w^hich does not allow her to 
remain in any one place; alwavs returning about the third day. 
. [Gr.] 

Tearing headache in the occiput, in single, well-defined tear- 
ings, extending into one of the temples (aft. i}i h.). \_F^.] 
85. Jerking tearings and tearing pains in the occiput and the 
temples, especially on bending the head backward (aft. 2 h.). 

Sudden, sharp, piercing and smarting tearings in the temple, 
extending into the brain (aft. 3 h.). [Fz.~\ 

Sharp, pressive tearings in the left temple. [/^^.] 

Tearing stitches in the forehead, over the right eye. [I/rm.~\ 

Stitching jerking tearing in the left temple. [Fz.] 
90. Sharp stitches through the left side of the head, deep into the 
brain. [Gr.~\ 

Dull, tremulous stitches on the left side of the upper part of 
the head, as if it were merely incipient, but could not get to it. 

Pressure in the right side of the head, interrupted by severe 
stitches (aft. ^ h.). [7//;z.] 

Headache, with stitches in the left temple. 

Several times on inspiring, a long-drawn stitch from the temple 
to the forehead (aft. 5}^ h.). \_m?i.'] 
95. Drawing pain on the left side of the head. 

Drawing pain in the forehead, in the left side of the crown 
and in the occiput. l/ir??z.~\ 

Jerking in the left side of the head, down close before the ear, 
often repeated. \_Gr.~\ 

Single, violent jerks, extending from behind over the upper 
part of the head, on the left side and over the forehead so severe 
that he could cry out aloud, (aft. ^ h.). [G?\~\ 

Burrowing, violent headache, in the evening. 
100. Painful burrowing in the right half of the sinciput, especially 
on the border of the orbit, moderated by strong external pressure 
(and during eating), with an unbearable pain, as if a heavy body 


were squeezed in there; in the evening in bed, while lying with 
the painful part on the arm there is a relief, and it passes off en- 
tirely on going to sleep. \_G?'.^ 

Throbbing headache. 

Heat in the head. 

The pains in the head are aggravated by motion, [i^?.] 

External pressure in the forehead, over the arch of the left 
eyebrow (aft. 2 h.). \Lgh.'\ 
105. Severe pressure in the corner, between the frontal and the 
nasal bone (aft. 3 h.). {Hrju.'l 

On the hairy scalp, violent itching. 

Itching on the forehead. 

Many tubercles, as large as lentils, on the hairy scalp, with 
soreness when touched and scratched. \Lgh^ 

Painless pimples, with red areolae, at the top of the left temple 
(aft. 9 h.). {.Lghr[ 
no. Pains in the eyes, without redness. 

In the eyes, a sensation as if there was something between the 
eyeball and the upper lid. which causes friction. \Hrm.'\ 

Something seems to cause friction between the eyeball and the 
lower lid. \_Gr.'\ 

Pressure on the eyeballs from before backward, or from 
above downward. \_Hrm.'] 

Pressure below the left external canthus (aft. 2 h.] . [H?7n.'] 
115. Pressure, as of a stye, in the right inner canthus, and in the 
tarsal cartilages adjacent. [Hrm.'] 

Severe pressure on the eyes, especially on the left eye and in 
its external canthus, when looking long at an object (aft. }^ h.). 

Dull pressure as from a peg on the upper border of the right 
orbit, penetrating to the brain, with stupefaction of the whole side 
of the head. [6^r.] 

Pain as if a peg were driven in under the upper border of the 
orbit, touching the eyeball. [_Gr.'] 

Rheumatic, tearing pain in the left eye (more in the lids), ex- 
tending into the temple. [Fz.'] 
120. In the morning when walking, tearing in the eyeballs and 
orbits (aft. 24 h.). [/>.] 

Twitching in the eyelids, so that it seemed to him that it must 
be visible. \_Gr.'] 

Great sensitiveness of the eyes to the light. 

The light in the evening seems to have a halo around it. 

The flame of the light seems to him to be flickering, and the 
light seems to burn now more obscurely, then again more brightly; 
but on strongly straining his vision, he saw that it burned quietly. 
125. Frequent flickering before the eyes. 

Contraction of the pupils (aft. 14 h.). [Ac/''] 

The pupil of the right eve became smaller for a short time 
(aft. 48 h.). [Br.'] 

Great dilatation of the pupils (aft. 13. 14, 19. h.^ ^alternate 
action). [Lgh.] 


Short-sightedness; he cannot recognize an5^thing distinctly 
in the distance, while he sees clearlv what is held close to his face. 

130. Very much diminished short-sightedness (aft. 48 h.) (curative 
action). [Lgh.'] 

Dimness of the ej^es, as if they were full of water, which com- 
pels her to wink frequenth^ in the evening (aft. 16 h.). [Hhi.'] 
Earache in the right meatus auditorius. \_Gr.'] 
Spasmodic cramp-like pain in the external auditory meatus. 

Spasmodic cramp-like contractive sensation of the left auricle 
(aft. J 2' h.). \_Ht7i.'] 
135. Spasmodic cramp-like contraction in the left meatus auditorius, 
with pressure against the tj^mpanum. \_F2.'] 

Pressive pain upon the external ear. 

Slow, dull thrusts from both sides of the ears and in their pas- 
sages, as if two dull pegs, pressing inward, were about to meet in 
the middle. [Gr.'] 

Twitches in the left auditory meatus in short paroxj^sms and 
very painful, as if a nerve were stretched or like electric shocks. 

Twitches in the external ear. 
140. Drawing pain behind the left ear. 

Painful drawing in the left interior auditory meatus (aft. ^ 
h.). IHrm.'] 

Tearing in the left ear, down the cheek. 

Severe tearing on the upper border of the cartilage of the right 
ear. \_G?'.'] 

Tearing stitching, dull pains in the tip of the tragus of the 
left ear. [GrJ] 
145. Extremely severe, lancinating tearing in the left external ear 
(aft. 24 h.). [Gr.'] 

Violent stitches in the left ear. 

Pain as from suppuration in the ear, especially on swallowing. 

On bringing the teeth together in biting, pain in the ear 
as from an ulcer. 

In the cartilage of the ear and the internal ear, pressive tear- 
ing and beating, as if something were about to fester; on boring in 
with the finger, it is aggravated, and there arises a sensation as if 
something obstructed the auditory meatus (aft. 10 h.). IFz.] 
1 50. Itching in the ears and running out of a brownish matter. 

Sensation behind the ears as if the parts were getting sore; he 
has to rub them. [6^r.] 

Roaring before the ears. 

Buzzing in the ears. 

Ringing in the right ear. [6^r.] 
155. Feeling of stoppage in the left ear as from cotton; nor could 
he hear as well with it as with the other (aft. % h.). \_Hrm.'] 

Sometimes he heard so ill wnth it that he did not notice 
when anyone noisily opened the door; but often so acutely that he 
perceived people walking in the ante-room through double doors 
(aft. 54 h.;. [_Br.-\ 



In the nose, a transient pain, as is wont to come from too great 
cold, so that his e3^es watered. 

Contractive pain in the anterior part of the nose, as from great 
cold, with lachr3"mation. 

Bruised sensation in the left side of the nose, seemingly in the 
bone. [6^r.] 
160. Pustules with red areolae in the corner of the right nostril. 

Red pustule on the septum in the right nostril, with soreness 
to the touch. {Hrm^ 

Bleeding from the nose after blowing it strongly. 

Delusion in smelling, as if he smelled lighted sponge, early 
on arising. 

Constant smell before the nose as of the dung of pigeons or 
chickens, especially when he smells of his clothes or his body (aft. 
2 h.). IFz?^ 
165. The sense of smell seems to have almost totally van- 
ished, though the nose is not stopped (aft. 5 h.). \HrmS\ 

In the face, in the middle of the cheeks, a dull pressure, as if 
the spot were seized with pincers. \_Gr^^ 

Numb pressure on the left cheek-bone. \Gr?^ 

Drawing pain on the right cheek-bone. \Hrm7^ 

Worn out, hollow-eyed appearance, with blue borders around 
the eyes, for several days (soon after taking the medicine). \_St?[ 
170. Paleness of the face, without coldness (at once), [^r.] 

Great paleness of the face, soon after taking the medicine. 

Pale, sick, wretched complexion, without otherwise feeling ill. 

Dry heat in the face and in the whole head, with benumbed 
feeling of the head and pale countenance; he is hot to the touch, 
but does not feel so. \St^ 

White, scal}^ tetter on the right cheek, near the upper lip 
(aft. 4I1.). {.Lgh:\ 
175. Itching on the forehead. 

Hard, red pustules on the forehead and in the corner of the 
left nostril, with sore pain for several weeks. \St^ 

About the mouth, rough, scaly, tettery skin with tingling 
itching. {Gr.'\ 

On the lips and the corners of the mouth, dryness. 

Burning dryness of the outer borders of the lips, almost as 
from pepper. [.5/.] 
180. On the chin, externally, burning, and on its left side from 
below a dull pressure. \Gr7^ 

Burning between the lower lip and chin, as after scraping with 
a dull razor. [6^r.] 

Suppuration and painfulness of a spot under the chin, where 
two 3^ears ago there was a furuncle. [6";-.] 

In the lower jaw, frequent drawing pain, especially in the 

Tearing in the right ramus of the lower jaw, frequently re- 
peated. \_Gr^ 


185. Single tearings in the articulation of the jaw (aft 42 h.). 


Bleeding of the gums on shght rubbing. 

Toothache in one of lower dentes cuspidati, as if he had been 
picking it, aggravated by touching with the tongue and in the open 
air (2dd.). [^r.] 

Toothache when he takes something warm into the mouth, 
some jerks, but on the whole more pressive than drawing. 
190. Drawing pain in the gums and the roots of the left lower 
molars. {Hrm^^ 

Spasmodic drav/ing in the right lower row of teeth, extending 
up into the ear (soon after taking the medicine). \Gr.'\ 

Tensive drawing pain in a hollow molar, reaching up into the 
ear, for several days, 10 p. m. [5/.] 

Tearing in all the teeth, returning in paroxysms. {Gr.l 

In the mouth, painful vesicles. 
195. The tongue is white and rough, like a grater (aft. 3 h.). 

Heaviness of the tongue, and feeling as if swollen, so that he 
cannot continue talking. 

In talking, some words are difficult for him to utter, just as if 
his tongue was too heavy. 

His speech is more strong and assured in the afternoon than 
in the forenoon. 

His throat seems raw and sore. 
200. Scraping sensation in the throat. \_Gr,, 5/.] 

Pressure in the pit of the neck. \_Gr.'\ 

Dr3'ness in the throat, disappearing through eating, in the 
forenoon. [/^^.] 

Mucus firm and viscid in the fauces, and before the posterior 
nares (aft. i h.). [/^^.] 

Bitter dryness in the mouth and throat. 
205. Bitter taste in the mouth after smoking tobacco. 

Smoking tobacco causes only smarting; he does not enjoy it. 

Everything tastes like herring pickle. 

Insipid, rotten taste of food; this taste is also in the mouth 

Flat taste of beer. 
210. Loathing for food, which he else relished, so that he felt like 

He partakes of dinner, simply because it is meal-time, with- 
out being hungry, but he relishes it; though the bread tastes 
somewhat bitter. \FzP\ 

Constant thirst; yet swallowing, when he drinks, takes his 
breath, and he has therefore to pause continually. 

At times, violent hunger, at times, no appetite at all for his 

Good appetite, and, after meals, pressure and nausea in the 
stomach, even without exercise. 
215. During dinner almost all his ailments vanish; two hours later 
they begin again. \Gr.'\ 


After dinner, heat in the face, with collection of sweetish 
saliva in his mouth, and violent thirst. [/^^.] 

After meals, heat in the face and a worn-out feeling. [^/.] 

Every time after meals, shuddering in the scrobiculus cordis, 
with every step. 

After meals, pressure and tension in the scrobiculus cordis, 
every time. 
220. During- meals, intermittent, dull pressure over and beside the 
scrobiculus cordis. [G?\^ 

After meals, pressure about the stomach. 

After meals, pressure in the stomach, with sensation of ex- 
treme lassitude and prostration, with great thirst (aft. 3^ d.). 

After a light breakfast, pressure in the region of the stomach, 
toward the abdomen, as if he had eaten too much. 

Immediately after dinner, distension of the abdomen, as if he 
had eaten too much. [6"r.] 
225. After meals, winding about of flatus in the stomach, as if from 
a laxative. 

After a meal, urging to stool, more in the upper bowels. 

After a meal, hypochondriac depression; there is a pressure in 
the abdomen, and he feels extremely w^eak in body and in spirit 
(aft. 6h.). [F2., St.] 

After dinner, while standing, quite weak in the knees, at the 
same time drow^sy and indisposed to any exertion. \_Fz.~\ 

After a meal, drowsy and indisposed to work. 
230. After dinner, irresistible inclination to sleep. \_//t?i.~\ 

After a meal, tussiculation, which affects the throat as if it were 
raw (aft. ^j4 d.). [F2.'] 

After a meal, rawmess in the throat, with a deep tone of voice. 

After a meal, eructation, which burns in the throat. 

Eructation, after drinks and liquid food. 
235. Empty eructation, in the morning. IGr.] 

Eructation, with cramp- like pain in the stomach. 

Hiccough. [/^^-.J 

Rising of moisture into the mouth, w^hich chokes him. fre- 
quently repeated. \_Gr.] 

A quantity of fluid rises into his mouth and fauces, causing a 
feeling of nausea on the chest. [F2.~\ 
240. Heartburn, after soup, as if from sour air in the fauces, with 
a sensation of contraction. 

Burning, rising from the stomach, up into the throat. 

Nausea, in the morning, with sensation in tlie stomach of 

In the evening, severe nausea. 

Toward evening, severe nausea, constant collection ot \yatcr 
in the mouth, and finally vomiting, with subsequent strong acidity 
in the mouth. 
245. Nausea, with retching in the fauces, soon returning on drink- 
ing cold water, with vomiting of the same, attended with a pain, 
as if the fauces were pressed apart by a large ball. 


Great qualmisliness in the scrobiculus cordis, outside of meal- 
time, with distress, as from a sprain, but without any actual nausea, 
with a good taste in the mouth and good appetite. 

At first, sensation in the scrobiculus cordis as of fasting, then 
pressure in the stomach the whole day, and (as it were obstructed) 
passage of flatus from above and below, with lack of appetite. 

Pressure in the stomach, from reflection and exertion of the 

Slowd}^ intermittent, painful, obtuse pressure in the scrobiculus 
cordis. \_Gr.'] 
250. Pressive, drawing pain below the scrobiculus cordis, in walk- 
ing (aft. io>^ h.). [F^.] 

While walking in the open air, a soft pressure, with drawing 
in the scrobiculus cordis, disappearing after a meal (aft. 12 h.). 

Constrictive, violent stomachache, relieved b}^ stooping, but 
much aggravated by lifting the arm and turning the bod3^ 

Stitches in the region of the scrobiculus cordis, on the left 
side, aggravated by respiration and walking, and beginning again 
on resuming the walk. [G?-.^ 

Sharp stitches in the region of thescrobiculus cordis, and as if 
from there through to the small of the back. [6^r.] 
255. On taking a breath, sharp stitches in the scrobiculus 

Both at inspiration and expiration compressive, painful 
stitches, as from a needle, in the scrobiculus cordis, not passing 
away in any position nor when touched (aft. 4 h.). \_Lg-/i.~\ 

Cutting, in the region of the scrobiculus cordis. [Gr.] 

Gurgling and fermentation, in the scrobiculus cordis. lGr.'\ 

In the hypochondria, alternately on the right side, and on the 
left, stitches on inspiration. lGr.~\ 
260. Stitches in the left hypochondria. 

Dull stitches in the region of the spleen, partly as if in the 
chest, partly as if in the abdominal cavity, [//ym.] 

In the region of the liver, pressure, an hour after eating. 

About the navel, pain, as if a dull peg were pressed into 
the bowels. l_Gr.~\ 

Dull pressure, just below the navel, aggravated by pressure 
and by inspiration, soon after a meal. [Gr.] 
265. Pressure in the region of the navel, as if something hard had 
formed there, with a sensation during respiration and speaking, 
and especially during coughing, as if the belly w^ere about to burst 
open; it aches at the touch, like pressure and tension. 

Hard pressure, on a little spot above and below the navel, 
and in the left side of the abdomen. [//'r?72.] 

Thrusts, as from a dull instrument, on the right side, near the 
navel (aft. 6 h.). [Gr.^ 

Stitches, very painful and dull, on the left side, near the navel. 

Intermittent, dull stitches on the navel. IG?^^ 
270. Dull stitches, in the abdominal cavity, near the navel. \Hrin.'\ 



Dull, deeply pressing stitches, at the left spinous processes of 
the iliac bones. [6^r.] 

Keen, sharp stitches, so that he starts, on the right side, above 
the navel. [G7'.~\ 

Single, keen stitches in the abdomen. 

It suddenly darts down, undulating into the abdomen, like 
lightning. \_Gr.^ 
275. A rapid cut, on the right side, in the abdomen. 

Cutting pinching in the abdomen, as from flatus, or from 
cold, with urging to stool (aft. 4 and 22 h. ). [/.^/z.] 

Attacks of colic, more cutting than pinching, when flatus is 
checked in the abdomen. 

Pinching and squeezing in the abdomen (aft. 12 h.). IF2.'] 

Squeezing pain in the hypogastrium, seemingly in the bow^els 
(aft. 7 h.j. [//rw.] 
280. Pinching contraction in a small place, on the left side, above 
the navel, on inspiration (aft. }4 h..). [Hhi.} 

Pain, as if something was rolling together in the abdomen, 
with subsequent pressure (aft. 32 h. ). \_Lg/i.~\ 

The bowels pain, as if spasmodically shortened, when bending 
back, in the forenoon. 

Externally on the right side of the abdomen, under the short 
ribs, rythmical, burning stitches as from needles. [_Gr.'] 

In the muscles of the left side of the abdomen, immediatel}^ 
under the short ribs, transient, short stitches. [_Gr.~\ 
285. In the mons veneris, tearing. 

Above the abdominal ring, intermittent, dull pressure out- 
ward. [6^r.] 

Constant growling in the abdomen, especially in the region 
of the navel. 

Constant growling and griping in the abdomen. \_Gr., Hrm.'] 

Urging to stool, frequently during the day, without be- 
ing able to discharge anything, for many daj^s. 
290. Urging to stool, daily three times; he felt urging, and when 
he then sat down, the urging was gone; the rectum did not fulfil 
its functions; and he had to use great force in evacuating the 
faeces, though they were soft. 

Urging to stool, without being able to do anything; he feels 
as if everything was stopped up in the rectum. \_F::.~\ 

Constant urging to stool, and since the evacuation does not 
immediately take place, a painful twisting and turning in the 
bowels, transversely through the abdomen. [/////.] 

Daily two or three stools of the customary sort, but ahvays 
discharged with difficulty. 

He had to go to stool often, 1)ut only a little was discharged 
at a time; first soft, then hard faeces. 
295. The stool was of quite a pale color (aft. 48 h. K 

Diarrhoea of watery stool, often and yet with nuich straining. 

During the stool, griping in the abdomen ^d't. '_■ h. \ [///v//.] 

During stools, and more especially afterwards, a dull pressure 
increased by inspiration , in the muscles of the abdomen , just below 
the navel. \_Gr.'\ 


After stool, yawning and eructation. 
300. In the anus frequent itching. 

The varices about the anus become smaller, and do not pain 
any more, except that the^^ are sore when starting to walk ( cura- 
tive effect). 

In the urethra, itching. 

Constant urging to micturition. 

Frequent urging to micturition, and little discharge of urine 
(the first 4h. ). [A^7/.] 
305. He has to get up at night to urinate, and he can urinate 
again at the usual time. [_Gr.^ 

In the morning, while fasting, frequent discharge of urine, 
clear as water. [6"r.] 

Frequent discharge of urine, clear as water, in small quan- 
tities. [St.] 

The urine is turbid immediately on its discliarge; it deposits 
a muddv sediment, and when shaken becomes of a clavev color. 

Along the penis, a pain, like a cut. 
310. On the scrotum, constant voluptuous itching, exciting the 
sexual impulse (aft. 2 h.). 

Sexual impulse, in the morning, on awaking, with erection of 
the penis, [//fn.^ 

Violent sexual impulse. 

Unexcitableness of the sexual impulse (the first 10 d.). 

Emission of prostatic juice at a hard stool. 
315. In a normal stool, passage of prostatic juice. 

Passage of prostatic juice, after urinating. 

Seminal emission, at night, without lascivious dreams (aft. 
27 h.). [Lg/;.] 

After coition, itching in che anus. 

^ 't* ^^ *^ ^ 

Sneezing. \_Gr ] 
320. Stoppage posteriorlv in the nose, as through much mucus. 

Dry coryza. 

Violent cor^^za, lasting four weeks. 

Severe coryza, in the evening (aft. 48 h. ). [F^.^ 

Severe coryza, with catarrhal fever; she could not get warm, 
with heat in the head and icy coldness of the hands and feet, in 
the warm room; then dry heat, the tendons of the legs feel too 
short, cramp in the calves, and uneasiness about the heart (8th d. ). 
325. After frequent sneezing, a most violent, fluent coryza, with 

Roughness in the throat. 

Hoarseness after eating, with deep sound of the voice. [Fz.] 

Tussiculation after a meal, affecting the throat as if it was 
raw (aft. 3 d. ). [/>.] 

Severe croup after a meal, with vomiting of what has been 
330. Cough, almost solely at night, and more severe than during 
the da3\ 



For several nights, cough more severe than in daytime. 

Nightly cough, with scraping in the throat. 

Matutinal cough. 

Suddenly at 4 A. m., and several times during the day, 
exhausting fits of coughing, for hours (aft. 14 d. ). 
335. In the evening in bed an exhausting cough, which drives the 
blood to the head. 

Cough, with pain in the occiput. 

Cough, with stitches in the forehead or side of head. 

In coughing and in deep inspiration, pressive pain on the 
crown of the head. 

Cough, with yawning after the fit. 
340. Cough, with (generally ineffectual ) incitation to sneezing. 

Cough, beginning with formication in the bronchia and with 

Periodical fits of coughing, but only during daytime, taking 
away the breath; every three or four hours. 

Shaking fits of cough, as from whooping-cough, excited every 
time he speaks. 

Shaking cough, which does not allow him to sleep (at night). 
345. Short cough, mostly in the afternoon, with ejection of a viscid, 
grayish 3'ellow mass. 

Short cough with ejection of pus. 

He coughs up blood (4th d.). 

Breath short; a choking sensation in the region of the 

Asthma, especially after a meal and also in sitting. 
350. Dyspnoea, asthma (aft. 10 h.). 

Tightness of the chest, wdth weeping, b}^ which it is relieved. 

Tightness of the chest, with internal anguish and heat. 

Oppression in the region of the sternum, without pain; he 
feels as if he could not remain in the room, but must go into the 
open air and be ver^^ active. 

Uneasiness in the chest, as if in the heart, especially in the 
forenoon (4th d.). 
355. Tightness on the chest in expiration, with pressure in front 
on the sternum faft. 1% h.). [F^.^ 

Pressure on the chest like tightness, toward the axilkie. with 
difficult breathing (aft. 24 h.). [^Hrni.'] 

Especially in sitting, pressure on the chest, with fullness, from 
which he feels that vomiting would relieve him (aft. 10 h.V 

Pressure above the right nipple, from without inwards. [^Ilnu.^ 

Quick pressure on the sternum, as if from a blow, when going 
to sleep in daytime. 
360. Suddenly a rapid pressure on the right side of the chest, near 
the shoulder, which is feh at the same time in the back on the 
opposite .side, without respect to breathing. 

Dull pressure above, on the right border of the stenunn. [(/''.] 

Dull pressure as from a large peg in the right side of the 
chest. [^Crr.'] 


Undulating drawing in the left side of the chest. lGr.~\ 

Sensation of soreness and rawness in the chest, aggravated by 
inspiration (at once), [(^r.] 
365. Sensation of a sore spot in the chest, under the sternum. 

Tearing with some pressure on the left side of the chest, 
reaching up toward the heart, as if it would crush the whole side, 
especially when sitting bent forward (aft. 10 h.). [Z^^.] 

Separate, severe stitches in the chest. 

Severe stitches above, in the left breast, which keep her for 
some time from rising from her seat; then a sense of a pressing 
down load in that spot. 

Dull stitches on the left side of the chest, a hand's breadth 
below the axilla. [6^^'.] 
370. Sharp, throbbing stitches in the chest, above the heart (aft. 
80 h.). [Gr.'] 

In the region of the heart, a stitch at night, on inspiration. 

Stitches about the heart, darting through and through, two at 
a time, following in quick succession, [/^s".] 

In the muscles of the chest, a drawing pain. 

Jerking sensation in the muscles of the chest, on moving the 
375. Externally, on the left false ribs, a constrictive stitch as from 
a needle (aft. 4 h. ). [Lo-/i.~\ 

Corrosively itching stitches as from needles in the last false 
rib. [//r;;^.] 

Itching on the chest. 

Blunt stitches in the small of the back. [Gr.'] 

Pain from stiffness in the back on rising up from sitting, 
passing off by sitting bent. 
380. On the right side near the spine, in the scapula, a pain as 
if from continued sitting bent double. [Gr.] 

Spasmodic pressure under and beside the scapulae, from with- 
out inwards (aft. j-n h. ). \^Hrm^ 

Severe stitching pressure, close below the left scapula, uncon- 
nected with breathing (aft. "ii^h.). \Htn.'\ 

Keen stitches on the outer side of the left scapula. \Gr^ 

Tearing stitches beside the right scapula, from within out- 
ward. \_HrniP^ 
385. Dull stitches in the left scapula, returning slowly and 
causing a tearing pain to spread on all sides. \Gr.'\ 

Painful tearing between the scapulae. [//f?i.'] 

Formication in the scapulae, as if from going to sleep or from 
ants. IGr.'] 

Pain as from a bruise, frequently, in the right scapula and 
upper arm, so that she can scarcely raise her arm. [Gr.] 

External fine and blunt thrusts, in brief paroxysms, on the 
right side of the external surface of the left scapula. [Gr.] 
390. Cracking in the scapula, on hfting the arm. 

In the vertebrae of the neck, a cracking, on stooping. 

Stiffness of the nape of the neck. 

Stiffness in the muscles of the neck, with tensive pain, especi- 


ally on quickly moving the head after a period of rest; less dur- 
ing continued motion (aft. 52 h.). [Br.'] 

Two days in succession in the morning on awaking, painful 
stiffness of the neck on the right side, on which he had lain, at the 
least movement, and especially on turning the head to the painful 
side (aft. 4. 5 d. ). [///;^.] 
395. On awaking, stiffness and pressive tension in the nape of the 
neck, in the occiput, and between the scapulae, both in rest and in 

On the left side of the nape of the neck, close to the occiput, a 
pinching, painful stiffness while at rest and not impeding the 
motion of the head nor aggravated thereby (aft. 2 h. ). [/7/?z.] 

Dull, intermittent pressure, as from a heavy load, on the 
right side of the nape of the neck and on the top of the left 
shoulder, as if it were in the bones. [Cr.~\ 

Rheumatic drawing down over the neck. [Z^^-.] 

In the neck, on both sides of the larynx, a hard pressure, 
which at times renders deglutition difficult (aft. 2 h. ). \_//rm.~\ 
400. Sudden, dull pressure, as from a load, on the left side of the 
neck. [6^r.] 

Slowly intermitting pressure in the angle between the neck 
and the top of the shoulder, on the left side. [Gr.'] 

Stitches as from needles, externally, now here, now there, on 
the neck. [6^r.] 

Intermittent throbbing stitches, as of needles, near the throat, 
and on the left side of the chest (aft. 3^ h. ). [^^/z.] 

Frequent itching on the neck. [T*^.] 
405. In both the axillae, a tickling itching, compelling to scratch 
(aft. ^h.). [Gr.] 

Tickling stitches, as from needles, below the shoulders, ceas- 
ing on rubbing. \_Gr.'\ 

In the arms, on stretching and extending them, painful, cut- 
ting tension, from the joints down along the flexor muscles, and. 
when bending them back, in the joints, especial^ in the shoulder- 
joints, a cracking, with a pain as if the arms were dislocated. l(rr.~\ 

Numbness of the left arm. \_Gr.^ 

Sudden pressure in the right arm, as if in the muscles and the 
bones, with weariness therein, [//r;;?.] 
410. Tearing and drawing in the left arm. 

In the right upper arm, from the shoulder to the elbow, a 
rheumatic drawing pain, with feeling of stiffness in the arm. [/^V.] 

(Spasmodically ) pressive pain in the muscles of the upper 
arm, while walking in the open air, and in the evening, on sitting. 

Dull pressure, like a threatening, on the left upper arm, almost 
as if in the marrow of the humerus, verv keen and intermittent. 

Painful jerking in the left upper arm, above the bend of iho 
elbow. \_Gr.'] 
415. Sensation as of blows from a heavy body, very painful on 
the middle of the left upper arm (at once\ [('^'■] 



Pimples with a red areola and pus in the tip, on the inferior 
portion of the upper arm, with painful itching, compelling to 
scratch, on moving the arms (aft. 12 h.). [Lo7i.~\ 

In the bend of the left elbow, pressure, which drags down the 
arm as if hea\T, and impedes its action, on walking in the open 
air (aft. 13 h.). [F2.] 

In the forearm, now here, now there, painful pressing from 
without inwards (at once). \Gr^ 

Pressive pain in the muscles of the right forearm in writing 
(aft. 13 h.). {_Lgh^, 
420. Pressive scratching on the bone of the forearm, at rest. \_Fz.\ 

Spasmodic pressure on the left forearm, more violent when 
touched, and when moved it is aggravated into a tearing pressure. 

Pressive drawing on the whole upper surface of the left fore- 
arm (at once). [6^r.] 

Cramp-like drawing in the right forearm, from the wrist 
toward the elbow. \Gr.'\ 

Cramp-like jerking in the whole body of the forearm, begin- 
ning a hand's breadth above the left wrist (at once). \_Gr^ 
425. Cramp-like violent pain in the left forearm and on the dorsum 
of the hand, unaffected by motion, at night in bed. [6^?'.] 

In the wrist, jerking in the flexor tendons. 

In the palm, a simple pain on moving it. \_GrP^ 

Cramp-like pain in the joints of the right hand, where 
the metacarpal bones join the phalanges (aft. ^'2 h. ). [//r?;^.] 

Cramp-like pains in the joints of the left hand, where the 
index is joined to the metacarpal bones. \_Gr.'\ 
430. Cramp-like pains in the hand, in the region of the metacarpal 
bone of the little finger. \_Hrm ] 

Cramp-like, jerking, dull pain in the anterior extremities of 
the metacarpal bones, unaffected b}^ motion. \_Gr.l^ 

Intermittent, bluntly lancinating, cramp-like pain on the 
external side of the left hand, where the little finger joins its 
metacarpal bone. \_Gr.'\ 

Spasmodic contraction in the left hand, so that she cannot 
straighten the fingers. [Gr ] 

Pain as from a sprain in the metacarpal bone of the little 
finger of the right hand. 
435. Painful grumbling between the metacarpal bone of the left 
index and middle fingers, just behind the knuckles. \_Gr.'\ 

Severe cutting in the metacarpal bones of the right index. 

A pressive cramp-like pain in the muscles, across the dorsum 
of the left hand (aft. % h. ). \_Lgh.'] 

Pressive tearing in the dorsum of the hand (aft. 9 h. ). [Fz.'] 

Pricks as of needles in the dorsum of the left hand. \_Gr.'] 
440. A severe, long-continued, painfully tearing stitch in the ball 
of the right hand. [_Htn.'] 

Keen, burning stitches on the external border of the left 
hand, where the little finger is joined to the metacarnal bone 
(aft. 36 h.). IGr.-] 



Severe feeling of parchedness of the hands. 

Dr3', hot hands. 

Itching stitches in the external knuckle of the right hand, 
which only passes off on scratching, continued until it is red. [G^r.] 
445. After nocturnal itching in the palm and between the 
fingers, relieved by severe rubbing, but not removed, there 
appears a pimple on the side of the left index, which opens on the 
next day, and then passes off. ^Gr.^ 

Warts all over the hands, even in the palms. 

In the fingers of the left hand, cramp-like twitching fol- 
lowing the rythni of the pulse, in the posterior joints. \_Gr.^ 

Intermittent cramp-like pain in the posterior joints of the 
right thumb and index. \_I/rm.'] 

Contractive lancinating pain in the muscles of the left thumb, 
passing off through motion and touch (aft. 2 h.). [^Lgh.'] 
450. Tearing in the little finger, oft repeated. [6^/'.] 

Repeated tearing in the right thumb, going up into the elbow, 
as on the formation of a whitlow. 

Numbness of the fingers. 

Sensation of dryness in the fingers and hands. 

Tickling itching on the little finger, in the evening on lying 
down, only relieved by strong pressing and rubbing, since it does 
not seem to be situated in the flesh of the muscles, but deeper 
within. \_Gr.'] 
455. Pustules on the index, with a red areola, and stinging, vo- 
luptuous itching, spreading in the whole palm; after pressing and 
squeezing, to which the itching compels, there appears red and 
white lymph, and later a scurf, under which a clot of pus forms; 
in the evening, a drawing soreness in it, and the sore lasts eight 
days. \_Gr.'] 

In the hip- joint of the right side, on moving while sitting, a 
loud cracking. [^Gr.'] 

Pain as of a sprain or a bruise over the right hip, on rising 
from a seat, constant; also in moving the body while sitting; ris- 
ing is then intolerable, and he has to walk stooping forward. 

In the legs, here and there, after a walk, drawing, pressure 
a'nd feeling of heaviness, which latter is diminished by stretching 
out the foot. [^H7^m.'] 

Restlessness in the legs, while sitting; this restlessness runs 
up and down, making painful impressions in spots: passes away 
on walking and returns in sitting (at once). [6^;-.] 
460. In the thighs, painful (sharp) dull pressure, at times in 
rhythmic paroxysms. [G?\'] 

Dull pressure, as from a large peg, in the gluteal muscles 
of the left thigh. [Gr.'] 

Cramp-Hke pressure in the left thigh, before and beliintl. 

Violent pressure in the middle of the external side ot the 
right thigh, at every pulsation, and every time with a severe 
stitch (aft. lO;^^ h.). [///?2.] 

Twitching pressure on the inside of the right thigh. | ^"^.J 


465. Slight twitching and drawing in the thighs, especially around 
and in the knees, as after a long journe}'- on foot, with painful 
uneasiness, like a tremulous quivering, in sitting (aft. ^ h.). 

Drawing pain down on the external side of the right thigh. 

Tearing contraction ( cramp ) on the outside of the left thigh 
in a small spot, w^th subsequent pain as of internal festering (aft. 

II h.). [/=>.] 

Dull pain in the left thigh, close above the knee. [Gr.] 

Boring stitch in the muscles of the right thigh, in front below 
(aft. loh. ). [L£-/i.'] 
470. Burning itching on the thighs, in the evening. 

Burning pricking, as of needles, compelling to scratch, here 
and there, in the muscles of the thighs. [Gr.~\ 

Itching stitches in the left thigh, passing off on rubbing. 

In the knees, as well as in the muscles above and below the 
same, the most severe painfulness, after long stooping [Gr.] 

In the knee, on the inner side, pressure in walking. [/^^.] 
475. Pressure and drawing on the inner side of the knee, when 
w^alking. [/^^.] 

Dull, pressive drawing on the inner surface of the right knee, 
when sitting. [Gr.'l 

Drawing pain in the right knee, as if under the patella, not 
affected by different positions (aft 1^2 h. ). [//f?i.~\ 

Painful drawing in the left knee, on bending the same (in 
sitting down); passing off on stretching it. lGr.~\ 

Drawing pain above the knee in sitting; in walking, it 
appears merely as weakness (aft. }4 h. ). [G?\~\ 
480. Blunt stitches in the right knee. [Gr.~\ 

Dull stitches or thrusts, close below the right knee, on setting 
down the foot. [Gr.] 

Burning pain, as of a sore, as if scraped open, on the outer 
side gf the left knee. [Gr.] 

Dull pain, as from a sore, above the knee, when lifting the 
feet high, with a painful sensation of weakness about the knees, 
and cramp-like pinching between the hough and the calf. [Gr.~\ 

Painless feeling of weakness above the knees in walking, 
with painful aching on sitting down, as after severelv fatiguing 
the legs (aft. j/o h.). [Gr.] 
485. Painful uneasiness about the knees, with feeling of 
stiffness as if these parts were wrapped up or bandaged, 
when sitting. [Gr.] 

Pc<ralyzed feeling in the knees, with stiffness and great weari- 
ness, so that he can hardly walk. 

Itching eruption about the knees, down to the calves. 

In the legs, in sitting, uneasiness as if everything there were 
alive and twisting about, and moving down into the feet, which 
felt heavy and as if about to go to sleep. [Gr.] 

Heaviness in the legs. 



490. Drawing down into the legs, very often, when sitting. [6^r.] 
Dull, numb drawing in the legs. lGr.~\ 
Painful drav^ing in the tibia (aft. 3^ h. ). [//7jn.~\ 
Rheumatic drawing pressure in the leg, across the tibia, only 
in walking, while stretching the leg. [Z^^.] 

Pressive, lancinating pain sometimes with boring in the tibia 
and in the muscles of the leg. [Z-^/^.J 
495. Pressive pain on the left tibia, wdien sitting, with uneasiness 
of the whole limb, diminished on drawing up the leg. [/^2'.] 

Tearing pressure on the anterior surface of the tibia, just 
above the ankle joint. [6^r.] 

Cramp-like pressure in both calves, more outwardly toward 
the tibia (aft. 3d.), [//rm.] 

Cramps of the calves, in walking. 
Painful straining in the left calf. [Gr.'] 
500. Tensive pain in the calf, in walking, as if the muscles were 
too short, also when lying down at night, with sleeplessness. 

Cramp-like, intermittent drawing in the legs, from the 
heels up into the calves, [//r^/z.] 

Twitching most keen, and with brief intermission, like electric 
shocks in the left tibia, close above the ankle. [6^r.] 

Undulating twitches here and there in the legs (in sitting). 

Frequent pulsations and twitches in the muscles of the legs. 

505. Dull stitches, very painful, quite near the surface on the shin- 
bone, above the joint of the right foot. [Gr.] 

Sore burning pain in the leg, above the heel. \_Gr.'] 

Burning pain on a little spot in the middle of the leg, in front 
and more toward the outside. [_Gr.'] 

Burning as from red-hot sparks on the legs. 

In the ankle joint of the left leg, pain on setting down the 
foot, as if it was sprained. 
510. Drawing pain in the ankle joint, when he sits down (aft. 
32 h.). [/>.] 

Drawing down over the external malleoli in standing, with 
painfulness of the soles of the feet, so that standing is difficult to 
to him. [G?\'} 

Cramp-like contortion of the sole of the right foot, out of its 
proper form. [6"?".] 

Dull intermittent pressure on the inner border of the sole ot 
the foot. [Gr.] 

Cramp-like pressure on the left heel (aft. 30 h. ). [//vv;/.] 
515. Tearing, burrowing pain in the heel, in the morning in bed. 

Painful internal jerking on the dorsum of the foot. \_(rr.] 

Pricks as with needles, on the dorsum of the left foot, [(r'r.] 

Burning on the soles of the feet in sitting, [(rr.] 

Coldness of the feet in the morning. 
520. In walking, the feet, before warm, become keenly coUi and 
the cold feet still colder. 

Scratching itching, as if he was being rubbed with a woolen 
cloth on the dorsum of his foot (aft. 6 h.). [/'-•] 


From the toes to the dorsum of the feet cramp-hke drawing 
and tearing pains. [/^2'.] 

Tearing, while standing, transverse!}' through the roots of the 
toes, passing off on moving them (aft. 5 h. ). [/>.] 

Repeated tearing in the big toe. [_Gr.] 
525. Keen, intermittent jerking in the right big toe. [Gr.~\ 

The skin of the body is unimpressionable as to tickling irrita- 

General voluptuous itching over the whole body, which con- 
tinually spreads further through scratching. 

Here and there, in various places, an incitement to scratch- 
ing, without itching, which immediateh- ceases again. [^Gr.~\ 

Corrosively stinging itching here and there in the bod}', 
especially on the back and the thighs, with impulse to scratch, 
after which it ceases onh' for a short time, [//r?;/.] 
530. Burning sensation here and there on the skin, impelling to 
scratch and thereb}' vanishing. lGr.~\ 

In the evening, in bed, heat in the skin of the whole bodj^ 
with burning itching and irritation of the skin, such as comes 
through much scratching; after scratching it burns still more 

Burning itching in the spots affected, aggravated by scratch- 

Burning and shooting in a herpes, which before was itching. 

Pain, as from a furuncle, in the parts affected: he dares not 
touch them. 
535. Stitches externally on various parts of the bod3% e. g. , on the 
muscles of the chest, the forehead, the wrist, etc. 

Drawing and pressive pains in almost all parts of the body. 

(Every part of the body which is left motionless, goes to 
sleep. ) 

The symptoms alwa3's intermit for one or two days, and then 
again continue for a few days, so that we cannot deny a certain 
periodicity in their course. [6"r.] 

He feels well while sitting, but standing causes uneasiness in 
the lower Hmbs, as if thev ought to be drawn up, with anxietv. 

[/-..] • "^ ■ 

540. While sitting still he feels in his arms, as they loosely rest on 
anything, yea, in the whole body, the beating of the pulse (after 
some bodily exertion). lGr.~\ 

General aching in the interior of the whole body. 

All the tendons of the body ache, so that he cannot walk, but 

In the morning, in bed, while lying still, bruised pain in all 
the joints, with stift^ness of the nape of the neck and the small of 
the back and headache in the forehead and the temples; all these 
S3^mptoms diminish on rising. 

Intermittent, repeated tearing simultaneouslv through the 
arms and legs. lGr.~\ 
545. Heaviness in the left arm and leg, in walking. 

After playing on the piano he feels hea\w and full in the 



She becotnes thin, without feeling ill. 

Tired and worn out; walking is a task for him in the begin- 
ning, and his feet feel heavy; b}^ continuing his walk the sense of 
weariness is less and he feels better. [6*/.] 

Weariness in the body; he always wants to lie down or sit 
550. Extreme weariness, so that he can hardly move his hands; he 
trembles at every motion. 

Very tired in going up stairs. 

On a short foot-tour, he becomes so worn out that he can 
hardl}^ get along, and is not able to recover himself (in sitting) for 
a long time afterwards. [_Gr.'] 

After a short foot-tour, which came very hard to him, he is 
so worn out, tired and fatigued that he has to vsit down at once, 
and would rather lie down, and he feels much relieved by laying 
his head down and closing his eyes. \_Gr.~\ 

He goes through all motions with greater emphasis and 
stronger energy; the muscles contract more vigorously, but the 
motions are as if executed with fibres too much strained, or as if 
there was a lack of moisture in the joints (aft. i h. ). \^Fz.~\ 
555. Paralysis of various parts of the body. [Matthiolus in 
Commentar. in Dioscorid. M. M. L. U., Cap. V., p. 985 — Dacosta 
as above. ^] 

Panting, languishing condition, like paralysis, as if he was 
going to collapse, after a short walk, in the afternoon; in the 
evening, when walking briskly, and perspiring, he feels no weari- 
ness (6th d. ) \_Gr.'\ 

While vStanding, there is no support from his legs; in sitting, 
there is painful weakness in the feet. [&.] 

Weariness of the limbs as from much walking, and drowsi- 
ness as from great weakness (aft. 9 h. ). \_Lgh.'\ 

In the evening he is tired and sleepy earlier than usual, and 
in the morning he wished to continue to sleep and not to leave his 
bed; also after dinner he is impelled to sleep. [<^^^'.] 
560. In the afternoon, while sitting and reading, drowsiness and 
fatigue, as if he had overexerted himself bv mental or bodilv work 
(aft. 3h.;. [A.-/^] 

x\fter the siesta, continued indolence; he can hardly move his 
limbs and is vexed if he has to speak. \Htn^ 

Sleep at night uneasy with frequent tossing about; his head 
now felt as if it la3^ too high, now too low, causing a dull, be- 
numbed feeling of the head, [^r.] 

For restlessness he can sleep but little every other night. 

At night sleepless till two in the morning; he has to keep 
turning over and over ( 2d night ). 
565. Light sleep with frequent awaking. 

He wakes at night for half an hour at a time, but sleeps well 
and refreshingly in the intervals. 

Sound sleep till g o'clock in the forenoon \ 1st night). 

1 " Paralysis of some niemhers ofthc body," Dacosta cited here williout refcrotice is not 
mentioned elsewhere.— ///^t,'//i".v. 


At night very sound, deep sleep, and can hardh' be roused in 
the morning. 

Slumbering, day and night, with great heat and thirst; the 
skin hot to the touch, and muttering and moaning in his sleep. 
570. He lies in a stupefied slumber without dreams, and after 
awaking feels quite stupid, often hot to the touch, with red cheeks 
and cold forehead, though he complains of heat in the head; at 
the same time severe thirst and dryness in the throat, paining as 
if sore. 

He lies day and night without sleeping, but dreamy, anxious 
and full of business to be attended to. 

He dreams that he must preach without having committed the 
sermon to memory; therefore there is anxious meditation, without 
being able to manage the matter. [6^r.] 

Ver}^ vivid dreams full of consciousness and mental exertion; 
therefore on awaking there ensues a headache from being worn- 

Vivid dreams at night; during the day it seems to him as if 
these things had happened to him while waking; during the first 
days it seemed to him as if these things had happened long ago; 
on the following days, as if they had happened shortly before. 
575. Vivid dreams about old occurrences. 

The dreams at night are mixed up with objects of his pro- 
jected ideas. [/^^.] 

Dreams about fire, while his sleep is otherwise soimd. [_Gr.~\ 

Anxious dreams about conflagration. \^Br.~\ 

Dreams that he smelt burning tinder and sulphur, and on 
awaking the illusion continues, as he still thinks he smells them. 
580. He dreams that his face is full of white ugly smallpox marks 
(aft. 21 h.). {Lgh.) 

She dreams about loathsome diseases of other people. 

Dreams of corpses, of a grave near, or of a precipitous abyss. 

Anxious dreams full of danger. 

He cries out anxiously in his sleep. 
585. In the evening in bed while awake he starts up as if fright- 
ened (aft. 15, 1 6 h. ) . \^Lgh .] 

In the morning on awaking anxiety drives him from his bed. 

At night in bed a lengthening of the teeth with pressive pain. 

Severe drawing in the abdomen and the limbs, with subsequent 
burning, then the bones feel sore on being touched, so that she 
could not go to sleep. 

Diarrhoea at night and subsequently constipation. 
590. He cannot lie long on one side at night because his arms then 
pain as if bruised. [6^r.] 

Cramp of the calves at night. 

Twitchings of mouth and fingers in sleep. 

After the siesta a chill of several minutes ( ist d. ). 

Often a transient sensation as of coldness. \Gr.'\ 
595. Constant chilliness even in the warm loom. \Gr.'\ 

He is averse to the open air, it is too raw for him. 

Chilliness with lack of appetite. [6"r.] 



In the morning for a few hours cold in the hmbs, so that he 
shakes. \_Gr.~\ 

A shaking chill over the whole body, he only feels warm in 
the sun. [6^/^] 
600. Ice-cold shudders run over him repeatedly. [6^;-.] 

Feeling of chilliness on hands and feet. [/^^.] 

A chilly shudder over his whole body, as if he had taken cold 
in the wet. \_Lgh^ 

Fever-shudder over his whole body, with heat in the face, 
without thirst, in all positions (aft. i y2 h. ). {Lgh?^ 

Fever-shudder over his w^hole back, as from having cold water 
poured over him. S^I^gh^ 
605. In the afternoon great feverish restlessness, as in catarrh, and 
weariness, with trembling of the limbs. [/>.] 

Feeling of heat, and heat in the face and the palms, without 
thirst. [/>.] 

In the afternoon quickly passing heat in the face and the brain, 
with redness of cheeks (aft. 8 h.) \_Fz.'\ 

Every afternoon at 4 o'clock heat in the face, with qualmish- 
ness and heaviness in the whole body; she has to lie down; better 
from eating. 

He complains of great heat, without being hot to the touch 
(aft. 10 d.). 
610. Very hot in the whole body, and yet he complains of chilli- 

Hot palms, while the backs of his hands are cold. 

In the evening after supper, heat spreading rapidly over the 
face, without thirst and chilliness (aft. 12 h.), after half an hour 
thirst manifests itself, {l^gh?^ 

External heat with great thirst and dry, burnt lips. 

Especially during the night great heat with violent thirst, 
without perspiration, so that he can not stand it. 
615. On the upper part of the bod}^ great heat, with thirst and 
perspiration, with very hot breath; yet he complains of chilliness 
and shakes; his feet, which before perspired, are cold. 

In the evening for two hours internal heat, with a cool per- 
spiration all over, especially on the head, with short breath, thirst 
and weariness in the abdomen, and the knees as if about to 

With open windows he perspires all over the bodv. with thirst 
for milk. [///;/.] 

In the evening with open windows, warm perspiration o\-cr 
the abdomen, the back and the forehead, with moderate warmth 
over the rest of the body (aft. 12 h. ). [////>/.] 

Clammy sweat in the palms, most violent in the left hand. 


620. Frequent awaking from sleep, with general perspiration (.att. 
19 h.). [Z^/^.] 
Night sweats. 
He perspires at night on the chest and the abdomen. 




The native ore of tersulphuret of antimon\' is found in blocks of 
parallel black needles with an almost metallic lustre, and composed 
of twent^'-eight parts of sulphur combined with loo parts of metallic 
antimony. Having been first chemically tested so as to insure its 
freedom from the admixture of other metals, it is prepared in the 
manner directed at the close of the first part for dr}' medicinal sub- 
stances and raised to the 30th potenc}' for homoeopathic use. From 
the pure effects on the healthy human bod}' as laid down here, the 
frequent usefulness of a minimum dose of it in appropriate cases of 
chronic diseases may readily be perceived It is ver}' much to be 
desired that also the pure metallic antimony may be proved most 
carefully as to its pure effects, as we may expect of it much help, as 
yet unknown, and of a kind differing from that of the sulphuret of 
antimony' ; even as arsenic is different in its effects from the ^-ellow 
sulphuret of arsenic, and the metallic mercury from cinnabar, each 
one having its own usefulness as a medicine. 

The pharmaceutic remedies containing the sulphuret of antimony 
as kermes minerale, and sulphur auratum antimonii primse, secundse, 
tertise praecipitationis contain very different quantities of the sul- 
phuret of antimony according to their varying mode of preparation. 

Where the crude ore of antimony is found homoeopathic in its 
pure effects, it will be found the more serviceable if the following 
symptoms are at the same time present: 

Intolerance, in a child, of being touched and looked at: rush of 
blood to the head; troublesome itching of the head wnth falling out 
of the hair {Htb.)\ redness and mflamination of the eyelids; sore 
nostrils; heat and itching of the cheeks; paiiis m the hollow teeth; 
long continued loss of appetite; eructation ivith the taste of the ingesta; 
loathing, qualmishness and nausea from spoiled stomach; colic with 
loss of appetite, hard stool and red urine, in a child; pinching in 
the belly with a sensation as if diarrhoea was coming on; alternating 
diarrhoea and constipation in older persons (Htb.); difficult, hard 
stool; constant discharge of yellowish-white mucus from the anus 

As this driigr appears here for the first time, the character of Hahnemann's— and probably 
of i.anghammer's— contributions to its pathogenesis may be inferred. But more than four- 
fifths of It IS due to the other two physicians mentioned, who published their observations in 
Hartlaub and i:r\nk's Arz7iei}niiteUehre (Vol. i.) in 1829, stating that they were made on healthy 
persons taking fractional doses of the crude substance triturated with milk-suo-ar —Hughes 



(^Htb. ) ; frequent urination with much emission of mucus and burn- 
ing in the urethra with pain in the small of the back {^Htb. ) ; cutting 
in the urethra during micturition; stoppage of the nose; painful 
inflammation of the tendons in the elbow-joint with severe redness 
and flexion of the arm; going to sleep of the legs while sitting still; 
\dolent pains in the low^er limbs {Htb. ); corns on the sole of the foot 
{Htb.)] large, liorn}^ places on the sole of the foot, near the toes 
{Htb.); honi}^ excrescence anteriorly under the nail of the big toe; 
malformations of the skin (Htb.)', sensitiveness to cold; somnolence 

Hepar sulphuris and mercur}^ according to Dr. Hartlaub, are the 
antidotes of crude antimony. 

The abbreviations of the names of my fellow-pro vers are : C. , Dr. 
Caspar i; Htb., Dr. Hartlaub; Lgh., Dr. Langhamnier. 


Ill-humored and sad in the evening. 

Melancholy, irritated mood the whole forenoon; the sound of 
bells, as well as the appearance of all his surroundings, moves him 
even to tears; his breathing is labored and short. 

Dejection b}^ day. \Lgh^ 

He does not speak (2d d. ). [C] 
5. iVnxieties. [Gmklin, allgein. Gesc/i. d. mineral. Glfte.^^ 

Uneasy (2d d. ). [C] 

Anxious meditation, during the day, about himself, his 
present and future fate. [Lgh.^ 

Decided impulse to shoot himself, at night, but no inclination 
to any other kind of suicide; he was compelled to rise from bed 
because he could not get rid of the thought. [//M.] 

Very much inclined to get frightened at a slight noise. \_C^ 
10. Ill-humor the whole day. [_Lo-h.'\ 

Disheartened, he feels hot in the forepart of his head. 

Peevish, unwilling to speak to anyone. [_Lgli.^ 

Annoyed, cross without any cause (2d d.). [6'.] 

Weakness of the head. [C] 
15. Insanity. [Hildanus.^] 

Insanity; idiocy; she did not leave her bed, would not speak 
unless asked, demanded neither food nor drink, but she would 
gladly eat if anything was offered to her and she was lunigry, 
and would refuse it if she was not hungry; at the same time she 
would keep pulling her neck-cloth, or Ibid a cloth and unfold it. 
or she would shred threads from the bed and gather them together: 
she was so deficient in sensation that she had bed-sores on several 
places, owing to evacuations discharged which had passed under 

1 General statement (from authors) of effects.— ////.cAt'J'"- 

- Observations. Cent. I'., D. 12. ']Mie case is that of sympt. m—Hui>,h, 


her; she did not feel these bed-sores, and never uttered a com- 
plaint. [Camerarius, syllo^e memorabilhim.^^ 

Delirium and death, after an emetic of Croc, vidall. [I^inde- 
STOLPE, de venenis.'^ 

Continuous state of enthusiastic love and ecstatic longing for 
an ideal woman, which quite filled his phantasy; more while 
walking in the pure, open air than in the room; disappeared after 
several days with a seeming diminution of the sexual impulse. [C] 

Confused feeling in the head, as after continuous work in a 
cold room (4th d. j. [C] 
20. Drunkenness. [C] 

Vertigo. [C] 

Headache, followed by some epistaxis (aft. yj^ h.). \_Lgh.'] 

Light, dull headache in the sinciput and crowm, increased by 
going up stairs. [C] 

Violent headache. [Gardane, Gazette de Sante, 1793.^] 
25. \"iolent headache, after bathing in a river, wdth weakness in 
the limbs, and aversion to food. \C.'\ 

Dull, stupefying pain in the whole head, with qualmishness 
in the fauces, during the (customary) smoking of tobacco. \Lgh^ 

Stupefying, dull pains in the head, more externally in the 
forehead, so that an anxious sweat broke out, while walking in 
the open air (aft. 6 h.). \Lgh^ 

Headache as if the forehead would burst open; at the same 
time she was as if intoxicated, sat alone and would not speak. 
[Camerarius, ibid.*] 

Pain in the arch of the right e^'ebrow, within the skull, as if 
it would press everything asunder. [C] 
30. Pressure from without inwards, with intermittent drawing, in 
the left side of the forehead. [C] 

Momentary drawing pain over the left temporal bone, passed 
off bv pressure, but returned immediately much more violently. 

Tearing pain in the whole head, forward and backward, from, 
morning to evening. [C] 

Violent tearing in the whole head, with heat therein, toward 
noon (6th d.). [C] 

The tearing in the head is diminished in walking and in the 
open air. [C] 
35. Constant pain in the forehead and the two temples, unchanged 
by touching, boring from within outward (aft. 5 h.). \LghP[ 

Rush of blood to the head diminished (curative action). [C] 

On the left parietal bone a small spot, which, on external 
pressure, causes pain on the bone, as if the periosteum w^as 
swollen. \C'\ 

Externally on the left temple, slow throbbing, wdth fine 

1 Iiffects of over-dosing in adults. The last clause snould read : " So obtuse was her sensi- 
bility that when, from the acrimony of the evacuations and her position ou the back, a large 
and foul ulcer formed over ihe sacrum and coccyx; she complained of no pain from it.'"— 
Hug he i. 

- Genera' statement. This symptom is not found.— /^/r^/j«. 

3 Not accessible. — Hughes. 

* Not {owwdi. — Hughes. 


stitching several times in succession, in front toward the eyebrows, 
most severe when it is not particularly attended to. [C] 

Single, sharp stitches on the hairy scalp for one minute. [C] 
40. Red, hard pimple on the left temple, painful to the pressure 
as if sore, close to the beginning of the cartilage of the ear. [C] 

Little, flat nodules, as large as lentils, here and there on the 
hairy scalp, painful on pressure, and with formication all around. 

Red spot, a little harder and raised, on each side of the fore- 
head, itching like nettles, passing away and returning! \_C.~\ 

Close above the eyebrows, a white nodule, not itching, but 
painful to the touch. 

Itching in the external canthus of the eye, compelling to 
scratch (aft. 2 h.). iLo-fi.^ 
45. Quivering in the left eyelid. [C] 

Fine stitches, often in close succession, and without pain, in 
the anterior part of the eyeball, in the forenoon (9th d.). [C] 

Sharp, pressive stitches below the arch of the left eyebrow. 

Reddened eyelids, with fine stitches in the eyeball. [C] 

Redness of the left eye, with photophobia in the morning, on 
rising, and secretion of mucus in the inner canthus. [C] 
50. Red, inflamed eyes, with itching and nightly closing by sup- 

Inflammation of the eyes. [Gardank, Gazette de Sa7ite, 1773.] 

Little, humid spot on the outer canthus, which pains severely 
when perspiration comes in contact with it. [C] 

Much mucus in the right canthus, in the morning, with dry 
eyegum in both eyelids. [C] 

Eyegum in the canthi, in the forenoon (aft. 2>% ^•)- [^.^"'^^•] 
55. Enlargement of the eyes. [P1.INIUS; Dioscoridks.^] 

Incurable blindness. [Lindestoi^pe, de venenis.'^'] 

In the ears, stitches. [C] 

Drawing pain in the eustachian tube almost reaching into the 
mouth, after dinner (16 d.). [C] 

Digging and crawling in the ears, especially w^hile Iving still 
(5th d.). [C] 
60. Crawling in the right meatus auditorius (2d d.). [6.] 

Itching stitches on the border of the right concha above the 
helix of the ear, ceasing on being touched (aft. i}^, h.). [6".] 

Redness, burning and swelling of the left ear, as from the 
sting of a fl}^ [C] 

Swelling and rednCvSS of the whole internal concha with 
periodic itching. [C] 

Swashing in the ear, as of some drops of water, on moving 
the jaws. 
65. Ringing before the ears (2d d.). \_C.~\ 

Constant buzzing of the ears, especiallv when there is c\uiet 
(2dd.). [C] 

^Dioscorides only mentions the beneficial effects of the local application of .•!«/. 
ulcers of the eyes; and the drug was only used topically i" Pliny's times. — ///<.c//.>. 
-Not found. — Hughes. 



Buzzing in the ears, most in the afternoon. [///^.] 
Painful buzzing in the ears. [Ca3IERARIUS, ibid.'] 
An inveterate buzzing of the ear disappeared (curative effect). 

70. Severe din in the ears, as if someone was knocknig at the door 
of the house. 

A sort of deafness of the right ear, as if a leaf were placed 
before the tj^mpanum, not to be removed b}' digging in it with the 
finger (aft. 14 h.). {_Lgh:\ 

In thfe evening something obstructed the right ear. 

Loss of hearing. [Camerarius, ibid.'] 

The nose pained in respiring, as from breathing cold air, or 
from inspiring acrid vapor. [C] 
75. Sensation of soreness in the nostrils on drawing in the air, 
especialh' in the right nostril, which is somewhat stopped. [C] 

Soreness of the right nostril in the front angle with painfuU 
ness, as from a cold. [C] 

Chapping and painfulness of the left nostril. [C] 

Chapping of both nostrils with formation of crusts. [C] 

Sore nostril with drawing pain. 
80. Blowing out blood from the nose. 

Bleeding at the nose, several days in succession. 

Bleeding from the nose everj^ evening. 

Slight twitches in the facial muscles of the left side ( aft. 9 h. ). 

Red pimple v/ith pus in the tip, on both sides of the nose, 
with sensitiveness on pressure (12th d.). [C] 
85. Vesicular pimples in the face and on the nose, like varioloid 
pustules, with shooting pain on pressure. [C] 

Flat pimples, itching on touching, not red, with yellow scurf 
on both cheeks. [C] 

Nettle-rash in the face, especiall}- on the cheeks. 

Several pimples in the face, paining like stings of flies. [C] 

A bump on the right cheek as from the sting of a ^y. [C] 
90. Red, burning, suppurating eruptions on the face. [Wepfer, 
de cicuta et antimonio r\ 

An eruption with 3'ellow crust, painful to the touch and easih^ 
knocked off, on the left side of the cheek toward the chin. [C] 

On the chin and under it, when touching it a sensation as if 
many little sore spots were touched, and on the skin here and there 
small hone3^-3'ellow granules. [C] 

Burning shooting as from a spark of fire on the chin and the 
upper lip [7th and 9th d.). [C] 

Formication on the upper lip as from the crawling of an insect 
(19th and 24th d.). [C] 
'95. In the corners of the mouth, muscular twitches. 

The lips are dry. 

Furuncles in the corners of the mouth, with sore pains,, 
returning after five, eight, twelve weeks. [C] 

1 Preceding sympt. 75, where see uo'l^.— Hughes. 

-After violent vomiting. Left ear soon recovered, but right remained permanentlv deaf-, 
reporter ascribes it to rupture of membrana tympani. — Hughes. 
■^ Cases of poisoning of men and animals. — Hughes. 


Red pustules on the upper lip and on the right corner of the 
mouth, with dull pain on pressure and of itself (20th d.). [C] 

Many red little points, with a white little tip in the middle 
below the left corner of the mouth. [C] 
100. Toothache in a hollow tooth, worse at night than in daytime, 
a stinging, twitching and digging as if it were in the nerve, draw- 
ing up and down in the head; he dare not touch it with the tongue, 
else it aches, as if the nerve was scratched. 

The toothache is renewed immediately after eating even soft 
foods, aggravated by being touched with cold water, and improved 
in the open air. 

During the nocturnal toothache, great warmth as if proceed- 
ing from the chest. 

Twitching toothache, in the evening in bed and after eating. 

Stitches in the tooth, when drawing in air. 
105. Severe bleeding of the teeth. 

The gums are detached from the teeth, and bleed easily. 

Dryness of the mouth, at night (6th d.). [C] 

Much salty saliva in the mouth. [Wkpfer, idid.'] 

Collection of water in the mouth. [C] 
no. Gathering of water on the tongue. [C.] 

Odor from the mouth as in mercurial salivation. 

Violent salivation from the nose and mouth. \Ephemer. n. c. 
dec. I. a. 3, obs. 270.^] 

Salivation, without odor, from the mouth, and without loose- 
ness of teeth. \_lKM^s/\VL^\VL\.^on'^ Beobachtimg, 1790.^] 

On the tongue, anteriorly on the left margin, in close succes- 
sion, some fine, sharp stitches, after dinner (aft. 33 h. ). [C] 
115. Feeling of soreness and redness, on a small spot of the right 
margin of the tongue, for several days, frequently ceasing and 
suddenly returning (6th d. ). [C] 

Blisters on the tongue. 

Tongue coated white, in the forenoon (aft. 2 h. ). \Lgh^ 

On the palate, the whole night, a fine pinching, especially 
painful on deglutition and only passing away in the morning after 
the expectoration of mucus, which had collected through the 
night on the palate; only a sense of rawness remained. [C] 

Scraping sensation on the velum palati, as if much mucus 
was lying upon it, which can only be ejected after much hawking 
and often not at all, for several days (7th d. ) [C] 
120. Scraping in the palate, with much expectoration of mucus by 
hawking (aft. 5 weeks). [C] 

In the throat much viscid mucus collects during the whole 
day. [C] . .. . 

Sore throat, as from a swelling or a lump on the lett side of 
the throat. 

Impeded swallowing. [Gardank, ibid.] 

Violent thirst, with dryness of the lips. 

1 Should be Misc. Nat. Cur. instead of Ephem. Same case as S. 421.— ffuj^/ifs. 

2 Not accessible. (The symptom is not mentioned by James in hts treatise on tho Kever 
Powder.) — Hughes. 


125. Intense thirst. [Wepfer, ibid.] 

In the evening, thirst, and inclination to drink. 
Drinks much only at night. 
Much thirst, at night Taft 6 d. ). [C] 
Appetite extremeh^ little. 
130. Lack of appetite. [Stahl, Mater. Med., Dresden, 1744.^] 

Strong feeling of hunger in the region of the stomach, in the 
morning on awaking, without appetite, not removed by eating; at 
the same time a disagreeable feeling of emptiness in the scrobiculus 
cordis, and lack of heat in the bodv; for two davs (aft. 4W. ). 

During a moderate dinner a sensation as if the abdomen was 
very full, and a quantit}^ of flatus arises and moves about the 
abdomen. [C] 

After a meal, indolence and an inclination to lie down. [C] 

The fullness and tension after a meal often alternates wdth 
lightness, cheerfulness and activitv of spirit and bodv after a meal. 
135. After dinner, lassitude, tremulous weariness and heaviness in 
all the limbs, as if coming from the abdomen, with trembling of 
the hands in writing, and subsequent passage of much fetid flatus, 
with distention of abdomen. [C] 

During supper, dyspnoea. 

Eructation, with a raw taste. \Lgh^ 

Loud eructation (aft. }{ and ij4 h..). [C] 

Bitter eructation, like bile (aft. 5 h. ). 
140. Regurgitation of fluid, with a taste of the ingesta, in the after- 
noon (2d and 3d d. ). [C] 

Hiccup (aft. I h.). [Lg/i.] 

Hiccup, frequently, while smoking tobacco (aft. io}4 h. ). 

Nausea, with vertigo. [C] 

Nausea after drinking a glass of wine. [C] 
145. Inclination to vomit. [Gardane, ibid.] 

Violent loathing. [Morgenstern, de iisu Antim. cr., 1756.'] 

Fearful vomiting, not to be stopped by anything. [Linde- 
STOLPE, ibid.] 

Violent vomiting, with anxiet}'. [Friedr. Hoffmann, med. 
rat. et systeni.^'\ 

Vomiting of mucus and bile. [Matthiolus; Gotze, in Act. 
Vratislaviensibus . *] 
150. Dreadful vomiting, with convulsions. [Wepfer, ibid.] 

Violent vomiting and diarrhoea. [Morgenstern, ibid.] 

Violent vomiting and diarrhoea, attended with the greatest 
anguish. [Bonetus, Polyalthea.^'] 

In the stomach, painful sensation on external pressure upon 
it. [C] 

1 Not accessible. — Hughes. 

-General statement (from authors).— //M^/it-^. 

3 Add Part I., § 2, Chapt. 3, of folio ed. Geneva, 1761. Statement of ill effects of antimonial 
e metics . — Hugh es . 

4 Effects of Ant. cr. in a patient with svphilitic ulceration.— /f«P■/^^.y 
•Statement of occasional effects of Ant QV.~H2ighes. 



Pressure in the stomach, which resembles more a dull cutting, 
especialW on drawing in the abdomen. \^C.~\ 
155. Pressure in the stomach, in the morning, with thirst (20th 
d.). [C] 

Pain in the stomach as from excessive fullness, but without 
fullness and with appetite. [C] 

Pain in the stomach, as after eating too much, with distended 
abdomen without hardness (aft. 3 d.). [C] 

Sensation of tightness in the stomach with empty eructations. 

Spasmodic pains in the stomach [Fr. Hoffmann, ibid.] 
160. Cramp of the stomach. [Stahi^, ibid.] 

Cramp of the stomach all their life, with several persons. 
[Wkpfer, ibid.] 

Burning, cramp-like pains in the scrobiculus cordis, in 
paroxysms of half an hour, driving him to despair and to the 
determination to drown himself. 

Burning in the scrobiculus cordis, like heartburn, with good 
appetite. [C] 

Pinching pain on the right side above and beside the scrobic- 
ulus cordis. [C] 
165. In the hypochondria, a slight tension. [Wepfkr, ibid.] 

In the bowels a transient, fatiguing sensation, as after violent 
diarrhoea. [C] 

Violent distention of the abdomen, especially after a meal. 

Distended, big abdomen. l//fd.~\ 

Very much distended abdomen, and pain arising thence as 
from an internal pressure. [C] 
170. The most intolerable pains in all parts of the abdomen. 
[Gmklin, ibid.] 

Pinching pain to the left of the umbilicus. [C] 

Transient colic in the region of the stomach. [C] 

Pinching, as if rhythmically with the pulse in a small spot on 
the left side of the abdomen, quite low down, in the afternoon (3d 
d.), [C] 

Pinching in the abdomen, especially on the right side toward 
the back, beginning suddenly in the evening and aggravated by 
motion (aft. 3 w. ). [C] 
175. Cutting in the abdomen, very violent (2 2d d. ). [C] 

Cutting in the abdomen with qualmishness there, and collec- 
tion of water on the tongue. [C] 

Sudden compressive colic with regurgitation of water in the 
mouth. [C] 

Cutting in the abdomen the whole day, with sensation of 
oppressive anxiety from the stomach, distaste for work, dry humor 
and pain in the stomach, during eructations. [C] 

Several fits of colic in the region of the stomach. [C.~\ 
180. Sensation of emptiness in the bowels, ceasing after eating. 

All the abdominal troubles connnence again alter two and one- 
half weeks, [r.] 

3IO hahxemaxn's chronic diseases. 

In the inguinal region, pains as from a swelling, when press- 
ing upon it; the place feels hard, like swollen glands. [C] 

Hard gland in the left groin, painful on pressure; it seems to 
lie above Poupart's ligament, and to run parallel with it. [C] 

Hernia. [Camerarius, ibid.^] 
185. Gurgling in the abdomen, as when air bubbles rise in water. 

Loud grumbling in the hypogastrium (aft. 1^2 h.). \_Lg-k.^ 

Loud grumbling in the abdomen as from emptiness, in the 
forenoon (aft. 3 h.). ILg/i.'] 

Flatus ver}^ frequenth' forms immediateh' after a meal, and 
moves about audibly, especiall}* on the right side of the abdomen, 
\^ith discharge of a portion (aft. 6 h. ). [C] 

A quantit}' of rumbling and explosive flatus immediately after 
the meal, of which some is discharged with ill odor, the remainder 
rolls about in great quantities, especially on the right side of the 
abdomen, before it is discharged (9th d.). [C) 
190. With a sensation of distention, as if a copious stool were com- 
ing, a quite insignificant quantitv of flatus was discharged (aft. 

Constipation for three da^'s. 

Severe, sudden urging to stool after dinner, and quick dis- 
charge of an ordinary stool, with straining (4th d. ). [C] 

Hard stool in the morning (aft. i h. ). [Lg/i.'] 

Very difficult hard stool. 
195. Difficult evacuation of a hard stool, with previous straining in 
the rectum for about two minutes (aft. 12 h.). [_Lg-/i.~\ 

Difficult discharge of a hard stool, without previous straining 
(aft. 11 h.;. [Lg/i.] 

Firm stool in the evening, with violent straining in the rectum 
and cutting in the abdomen. [C] 

Stool first normal, then several small, soft stools, followed by 
just as small, but hard, stools with violent straining in the rectum 
and anus until all is over. [C] 

Pappy, frequent stools (aft. ij4 h. ). [Lg/i.^ 
200. Very thin stools. [C] 

The stool, which previoush^ had been pretty firm, now 
becomes vers' thin. [C] 

After taking vinegar, very thin stool, with pain in the rectum 
at the evacuation. [C] 

Ineffectual urging to diarrhoea. 

Diarrhoea, at night and in the morning, but each time only 
one discharge. 
205. Mucus flows from the anus, on discharge of flatus. 

Continuous passage of blood and solid faeces through the 
rectum. [Lixdestoepe , ibid.-] 

Discharge of black blood through the rectum. [Matthioeus, 

During stool, pain in the rectum like soreness, or as if an 
ulcer had been torn open. 

1 " Hernia ventriculi," after violent vomiting.— Hitg/ies . 
-isrot found. — Hughes. 



Protrusion of the rectum during stool, for some time. [C] 
210. Drawing pain in the anus. [C] 
Itching in the anus. [C] 
Sharp itching in the rectum (7th d.). [C] 
Burning itching and chaps in the anus, at night (aft. 3d.). 
The varices in the anus protrude more than usual Taft. 11 d.). 

215. Formication and burning in the varix of the anus, in the 
evening, in bed, until going to sleep (aft. 11 d. and 5 w.). [C] 

On the perinseum a furuncle, which pained and burned far 
around. [C] 

Urging to urinate, frequent and violent, with much emission 
of urine every time (aft. i, 2, 2^/^ h.). \^Lg/i.~\ 

Frequent micturition, with discharge of little, water}^ urine 
(4th d.). [C] 

Much urging to micturition, but little is discharged (aft. 5 
d.). [C] 
220. Long continued, frequent micturition, with little discharge 
and quick urging (i8th d. ). [C] 

It urges to urination. [Saundkrs, observat. de anfimo7i., etc., 
London, 1773.^] 

Frequent urination. \_Lgh.'] 

Very copious micturition, even three times a night (loth d. ). 

Copious, frequent micturition. [Wkpfer, ibid."'] 
225. Involuntary copious micturition, with a convulsive cough (by 

Sulph. aiij\). [C] 

Golden yellow, thin urine, with a scarcely perceptible cloud. 

[Wepfkr, ibid.] 

Brownish-red urine. [C] 

Dark-colored, frequent urine (aft. 7 h.). [Lo-/i.~\ 

Little red bodies in the urine, after standing twenty-four 

hours. [Wkpfkr, ibid.] 
230. In the spermxatic cords, constant drawing, while a furuncle is 

on the perinseum; the pain was most violent in standing, and was 

diminished b}^ stooping. [C] 

On the penis, fine itching (aft. 14 h. ). [C] 
Violent itching of the extremity of the glans. [C] 
Smarting itching as from salt, on the left side of the scrotum, 

frequently, for 14 days (aft. 14 d.), [C] 

Violently excited sexual impulse, with restlessness of. the 

whole body, so that he can not remain sitting anv time (aft. b h.). 

235. Later on, the sexual instinct seems to be diminishctl tor 
several days. [C] 

Erections (aft. 6 h.). [6^.] 

Inclination to pollutions, even on leaning the back against 

Pollutions at night, without voluptuous dreams. [A^'"^'-] 

^ " But rarely," the author says.- -H//,!://rs. 
-In a dog.—Hi/s^/ii's. 


Pollution, with many dreams at night (nth d. ). [C] 

240. In the womb, pressure as if something would come out. 

Discharge of acrid water from the vagina, which causes 

smarting down the thighs. 

:^ ;;<>!< ^ ^ ^ * ^ 

Stoppage of the nose, in the evening, as from catarrh, for 
several da^^s. [C] 

Dr^-ness of the nose on walking in the open air, so that he can 
hardly speak. 
245. Coryza. Stuffed coryza. [C] 

Cor3^za with sore, encrusted nostrils. [C.~\ 

Fluent coryza. [C] 

Fluent coryza, in the morning, for several hours, without 
sneezing. [Z^/z.] 

Much thick, yellowish mucus has to be drawn from the 
posterior nares into the fauces and ejected, all the day (9th d.). 
250. Hoarseness. 

Extreme weakness of the voice; he can onh^ speak quite low. 
[Wepfer, ibid.] 

Speaking and singing are unsteadv and weak. [Wepfer, 

Loss of voice, as often as he became heated; it returns through 
rest. [Wepfer, ibid.] 

In the throat, in the morning, he is very hoarse and dry (6th 
d.). [C] . 

255. In his throat a foreign bod}' seems to be suspended, which he 
seeks in vain to swallow or to eject. [Wepfer, ibid.] 

Violent spasm in the bronchia and in the fauces, as if a plug, 
which at times seems to become thicker then again thinner, was 
filling the throat, with a sensation of soreness. 

Clearing the throat and hawking while walking in the open 

Cough in the morning after rising, in parox5'sms, as if coming 
from the abdomen; the first fit of cough is alwa3^s the most violent, 
the following ones become continually weaker, so that the last is 
only like tussiculation. 

Frequent dry cough. [Wepfer, ibid.] 
260. Dr\', shaking cough, with involuntar}' copious discharge of 
urine (in a woman who had taken S^dph. aiir. for a cough with 
copious expectoration ) . [ C ] 

Severe drj^ cough, scratching in the bronchia, in a sudden 
short paroxysm. [C ] 

Cough with ejection of viscid, thin mucus: deep from the 
chest, in the morning. [Wepfer, ibid.] 

With every cough, burning in the chest, as from a fire, with 
glowing hot breath from the mouth. [Wepfer, ibid.] 

Deep, sighing respiration, as from fullness of the chest, for 
several days, in the afternoon and after a meal. [C] 
265. D3'spnoea after supper. 

Difiiculty of breathing. [Gardane, ibid.] 


Asthma. [Stahl, ibid.] 

Ver3^ troublesome asthma. [Wepfkr, ibid.] 

Suffocating asthma with four youths. [ Joxtbert, lib. de Peste, 
Cap. I9.T 
270. Suffocating rheum. [Wepfer, ibid.^] 

Pressure on the chest, in the morning on awaking. [C] 

Pressive pain in the right breast, in the evening, while lying 
down. [C]. 

Severe, pressive pain, now in the chest, now in the back, now 
in both at the same time. [Wepfer, ibid.] 

Pressure on the chest. [C] 
275. Partly pressive, partly lancinating pain under the left clavicle, 
as if in the bronchia, while respiring. [C] 

Dull stitches in the chest, on taking a deep breath, first on the 
right side under the first two ribs, then under the upper part of 
the sternum. [C] 

Stitches in the left side of the chest, while respiring, with 
some cough and headache. [C] 

Sharp stitches in the left breast while expiring when standing 
(aft. 5I1.); iLgh.-] 

Pinching stitches in the middle of the chest (3d d. ). [C] 
280. Burning in the chest, with dry cough and tightness, as if 
about to choke. [Wepfer, ibid.^] 

Violent palpitation of the heart. [Godofr. Schulz i?i tract, 
de natura ti?ict. bezoard., Cap. 5.*] 

In the pectoralis major muscle, in the morning on rising and 
for a few hours afterward, while stretching and lifting the arm, 
and in pressing upon it, a pain as if crushed, or as after too great 
exertion (8th d.). [C] 

Itching on the chest, as if a vesicatory was healing. [C] 

Severe, continual itching on the chest the whole day. 

285. Itching on the chest and the back. \Htb.\ 

Violent itching on the chest wakes him at night, and he feels 
pimples in various places. [C] 

When he rubs the skin on his chest on account of the itching, 
it feels sore; the skin is sensitive as after a vesicator}'. [C] 

The chest feels as if sprinkled over with fine red points, with 
a violent itching, not removed b}- scratching. [C] 

In the small of the back, on rising from sitting, violent pains 
which vanish on walking. 
290. Sudden pains in the small of the back, in the morning and the 
whole da}', not at night. [C] 

Pain as from swelling in the cartilage or the periosteum of the 
upper part of the ilium. [C] 

In the back, tearing, the whole dav, from morning till even- 
ing. [C] 

^ Not accessible — Hughes. 

-" SufFocative catarrh " coming on fifteen days after amputation t^f loot isoo sympt. 5j 
and note) and ending in death (see .sympt. 423). — Hughes. 
•*Not found. — Hughes. 
* Not accessible. — Hughrs. 

314 hahnkmann's chronic diseases. 

spasmodic stitches in the right scapula when sitting. [Lo-/i,^ 

Violent itching upon the back, for fourteen days. [C] 
295. Little red pimples, quite on top of the right shoulder, without 
any sensation, passing away for a short time on pressure (7th d.). 

Rash behind the ears extending to the nape of the neck and 
the scapulae. 

Red prickly heat w^th yellow tips over the whole right 
shoulder; later on they look like goose skin and scale off. [C] 

Brown liver colored spots on both shoulders. [C] 

In the nape of the neck and between the scapulae, a straining 

while stooping. 

300. Cramp-like drawing pains in the muscles of the neck, down 

into the scapulae in the evening, after lying down, and in the 

, morning; aroused and aggravated b}^ stooping, exerting the arm 

and turning the head to the left (12th d. ). [C] 

A hard pea-shaped body on the left side of the neck, under 
the skin; it can only be felt bj^ stretching the skin in bending the 
head. [C] 

On the neck, a drawing, pressing inward, on the left side, 
below (19th d.). [C] 

Cramp-like drawing from above downward in one of the mus- 
cles of the posterior cervical region on the right side, in the even- 
ing when sitting (8th d.). [C] 

Single stitches in the skin of the neck, now here, now there. 
(2d and 3d d.). [C] 
305. Itching on the neck. [C] 

Sensitiveness of the skin of the neck; when he rubs hard on 
account of the itching, there is a feeling of soreness. [C] 

Small pimples on the neck and under the chin, painful to the 
touch (13th d.). [C] 

Hard, long continuing pustules under the throat, like little 
smallpox pustules, which fill up with pus not only in the tips, but 
all over. [C] 

Many red points with a little white tip in the center, with 
stinging pains on stroking over the hairs of the beard, on the 
anterior side of the throat. [C] 
310. Under both arms, a stitch, on walking in the open air. 

Sharp itching of the inside of the left arm. [C] 

Itching of the arms with appearance of reddish bHsters, like 
stings of flies, on rubbing. [C] 

Many light-brown little spots, Hke little hepatic spots on the 
arms. [C] 

On the middle of the upper arms, pimples like rash, without 
itching (14th d.). [C] 
315. Paralytic pain in the muscles of the upper arm, in bending 
the arms, as if they were too much contracted, or weakened by 
this exertion. [C] 

Twitching drawing in the muscles of the upper arms, which 
passed away not by motion but by warmth, and returned in a 


Sudden drawing jerking, transversely through the right upper 

arm (aft. lo, 20, 120 min,). [C] 

Light muscular twitching in the right upper arm, in the 

deltoid muscle (5th d,). [C] 

On the bend of the elbow, corrosively itching pimples. 
320. Cracking in the elbow joint, on turning it hither and thither. 


In the forearm drawing, in rest and in motion. [C 
Drawing down the right forearm (aft. i^ h.). [C^ 
Paralytic drawing in the right forearm (aft. 2 h.). \_Htb^^ 
Inward pressing drawing on the inside of the lower forearm 

(19th d.). [C] 
325. On the wrist of the left arm there appears at night a large 

pimple. [C] 

Itching heat vesicles on the left hand. [C] 

A blister on the styloid process of the ulna of the right arm. 


A blister on the external border of the left hand. [C] 
Corrosively itching, eruptive pimples in the ball of the hand, 

on the muscle of the thumb. 
330. Cracking in the joint of the metacarpal bone of the thumb, 

on motion (gtli d. ). [C] 

Drawing pain in the fingers and their joints. [C] 
Gouty pains in the joints of the third finger of the right hand. 


Fine itching in the tip of the left thumb (aft. 14 h.). [C] 
The nails of the fingers did not grow as quickly as usual, and 

the skin under them was painfully sensitive [C] 
335. Red, pimple-like itch, stingingly painful to the touch, with 

brown scurf on the posterior joint of the right thumb (24th d.). 


Pain in the right hip-joint. [C] 

Dra^?ving pain in the left hip-joint, when walking, especi- 
ally when bending the leg backwards; also in the evening. [C] 

Drawing pain in the left hip. \Htb.'\ 

Painful drawing from the hip-joint toward the sacrum. [C] 
340. -In the nates, drawing through the hip-joint, around into the 
thigh (7th d.). [C] 

lyight twitching of the muscles in the left nates, in the even- 
ing, when sitting (5th d. ). [C] 

GurgHng, for a few minutes, in the lower part of the right 
nates, when standing (aft. 4 w.). [C] 

Large, hard pustule on the left nates, with itching and tensive 
pain. [C] 

A little protuberance on the right nates of a child. {L .\ 
345. On the leg, white, hard tubercles, as large as lentils, arising 
from itching, and surrounded by a small, red areola. [( .] 

Bluish spots on the thighs. [LindestolpE. ibid.'] 

On the thigh of the right leg, quite high up. repeated tension, 
like a small spasm (7th d. ). \C.'\ 

1 Not {o\xw6..—Hup;hes. 


Drawing pain in the posterior muscles of the left thigh. [C] 

Drawing pain in the anterior and inner side of the thigh. [C] 
350. Cramp-like sensation on the external border of the left thigh, 
as if the muscle contracted quite slowly, and then again extended 
itself, in the afternoon (aft. 10 h.). [C] 

Sharpl}^ stinging itching on the inside and the interior surface 
of the left thigh (aft. ^V-z h. ). [C] 

Fineh' stinging itching on the right thigh, not passing off by 
scratching; afterward a small, fiat, yellowish pimple on the same 
place. [C] 

The stinging itching on the thighs returns every evening. 

In the knee a pain, so that he cannot stretch the foot, but has 
to limp. 
355. Stiffness of the knee, for eight days. 

Painful stiffness of the knee; she could not stretch it for pain, 
and had to limp. 

Pain immediately below the knee, as if tied too tight, the 
whole evening (aft. 13 d. ). [C] 

A stitch in the left knee, so that he w^as startled and had to 
jerk up his leg (loth d.). [C] 

Sudden, violent stitch on the outside of the knee. [C] 
360. Drawing pain in the right knee. [C] 

Itching in the right knee, on the inner side, and after rubbing 
it, a large blister, which pains onl}^ for a short time. [C] 

Red pimples, like blisters, on the knee, like varioloid pustules, 
with a stinging pain on pressure. [C] 

A lump on the right knee, as from the sting of a fly. \C.^ 

In the leg, a drawing pain, reaching into the knee. 
365. Drawing pain on the lower part of the left tibia. [C] 

Drawing pain on the inside of the left calf. [C] 

Painless drawing, in the evening when sitting, in the right 
leg, from the knee, and also from the ischium down the thigh and 
the tibia, even into the foot, so that he has to lift it up and bring 
it into another position; several times in succession ( loth d. ). [C] 

Pinching, painless and intermitting, quite low down in the 
right calf. [C] 

Sharp stitch in the shaft of the shin-bone, from within out- 
ward, in sitting (aft. 5 h. ). \Lgh7\ 
370. Stitches which run low^ down on the tibia. \Lgh,'\ 

Clucking in the posterior side of the right leg, and immedi- 
ately afterward stitches in the ankle-joint (3d d.). [C] 

Formication down the left calf, without itching (aft. i4h. ). 

Fine itching on the left tibia (aft. 4^^ h. ). [C] 
- A spot which pains to the touch as if bruised, on the outside 
of the left calf, for several da3^s (aft. 24 h.). [C] 
375. Bluish spots on the shin-bone. [Lindestolpe, ibid.^] 

The foot is so heav}^ that she cannot lift it. 

Going to sleep and numbness of the right foot when walking. 

_j£] _^__^ 

1 Not ^oxxvi^.—Hzighes. 


Pain, as if sprained, in the right external malleolus, in turn- 
ing the foot outward, with frequent cracking of the joint in bend- 
ing and stretching it (5th d.). [C] 

Drawing pain in the left heel (aft. 3 h. ). [C] 
380. Cramp-like drawing on the outer side of the left heel ( aft. i>^ 
h.). [C] 

Intolerable burning, lancinating and tearing pains in a gan- 
grenous foot, with insensibility of the same to touch and to pricks 
of a needle into it. [Wepfkr, ibid.^] 

Sharp and fine pricklv stitches in the sole of the foot f loth 
d.). [C] 

Painful stitches in the skin of the sole of the right foot, pass- 
ing off by rubbing; in the evening in bed, after a walk of three 
hours (8th d.). [C] 

Severe itching under the right external malleolus, not imme- 
diately passing off b}^ scratching, and leaving behind a small red 
spot. "[C] 
385. Chilblains on the feet, with pain and redness in summer. 

Great sensitiveness of the soles of the feet to walking, especi- 
ally on stone pavements, for a long time (aft. 7 d.). [C] 

Large horny places on the skin of the sole of the foot, near the 
beginning of the toes, paining like corns, and always returning 
after being cut out. [C] 

Gangrene of the foot, which is quite black. [Wepfer, ibid.^] 

The big toe cracks with every motion requiring an effort. [C] 
390. Tearing, drawing through the right big toe. [C] 

Rhythmical cutting under the left big toe (6th d.). [C] 

Burning pain on the ball of the right big toe (6th d. ). [C] 

Fine itching on the left big toe (aft. 4^ h.). [C] 

A corn on the left little toe, it pains without cause, as if 
squeezed (7th d.). [C] 
395. Muscular twitching in many parts of the body. 

Single, long continued, tickling, itching stitches here and 
there, especially on the upper arm, from within outwardly; also 
under the right natis, not urging to scratch. 

Itching on the whole body, especiall}^ on the chest and the 
back. [C] 

Itching on many parts of the bodv, especially on the neck and 
the limbs. [C] 

Kruptive pimples coming on at night. [C] 
400. Kruptive pimples which itch on getting warm in bed at night, 
and thus take awa3^ the night's sleep. 

Red pimples like blisters, like varioloid pustules, with sting- 
ing pain on pressure, on various parts of the skin. [C^] 

Pustules with yellow or brown scurf here and there. [('.] 

Eruption of red points wdth white tips in the middle, in 
various places. [C] 

Eruptions like rash. [C] 
405. Nettle rash; white bumps with red areolae, with violent burn- 

1 See sympt 3S8.— Hughes. 

-This set in soon after violent voniitin"- had subsided (? einbolisni~i— ////.t:Af-.< 


ing and fine stitches, in the face and on the limbs, except the 
fingers, which were swollen, with severe thirst and nausea. 

Bumps and blisters as from the stings of insects, in 
many parts of the bod3^ especially in the face and in the joints 
of the hmbs; they arise with itching and often disappear even after 
a few hours. [C] 

Brown spots and dots, like hepatic spots, here and there, 
especially on the arms. [C] 

Discolored nails. [lyiNDESTOLPE, ibid.^] 

He feels ill in the heat of the sun and the warm air, even with 
light motion and work. [Wepfer, ibid.] 
410. Wine drinking especially aggravates his condition. [Wepfer, 

At rest and in cool air he feels better. [Wepfer, ibid.] 

His symptoms all return again after the third week, but from 
then on they appeared more on the left side of the body. [C] 

Convulsive motions, especiall}' of the head. [Wepfer, ibid.^] 

Twitchings and trembling of the limbs. [Fr. Hoffmann, 
415. Immense swelling of the whole body. [IvINDestoi^pe, ibid.^] 

Dropsical swelling of the body. [I^otichino, observationes}'\ 

Incurable dropsy. [Wepfer, ibid.] 

Excessive hemorrhages. [Fr. Hoffmann, ibid.^] 

Emaciation and loss of strength. [Wepfer, ibid.] 
420. Getting fat. [Kunkel von LowenstERN, laborator. chemic.^'] 

Apoplex3^ wdth such a violent flow of saliva that he dis- 
charged nearly a quart of water through his nose and mouth. 
\Ephemer, N. c. dec. I. a. 3.'] 

Death, after some hours, from antimony given for cramps of 
the stomach. [Fr. Hoffmann, ibid.] 

Death from suffocating rheum, after fifteen days, from some 
grains of crude antimony. [Wepfer, ibid.^] 

Weariness, especially in the feet, with great peevishness, at 
7 p. M. 
425. Great weariness in the morning, and indisposition to rise, [C] 

Yawning, frequently three and four times in succession. 
[Wepfer, ibid.] 

Great drowsiness during the day, and in the morning on 
awaking; he can not force himself out of his bed. [C] 

In the afternoon, sudden transient drowsiness, when sitting. 

Sleepy and peevish at 6 p. m., and at 8 o'clock he can not 
keep from going to sleep; at night sound sleep until morning, 
when he is so tired that he can scarcely open his eyes. [C] 
430. At 7 p. M. she is seized with almost irresistible sleep; she 

1 Not found. — VLiighes. 
■-In a puppy. — Hughes. 
^Not iowwd..- -Hughes. 

*Case of in an adult (lib. IV., Cap. 3, D. 5). Jaundice had preceded the emetic 
of Ant. cr., which was followed by this ascites. It terminated in death.— Hiighes. 
•' Not found. — Hughes. 

•' Effects of contin'ued use (p. d^is^.— Hughes. 
' Read ''Misc. Nat. Cur." instead of "Ephemer."— Hughes. 
^ vSee note to Sympt. 270. — Hughes. 



sleeps all the night till morning, and then feels well, for six days 
in succession. \_C.^ 

Somnolence in the forenoon. [/-^^/^] 

Slumber with fantastic delusions. 

Slumber with fantastic delusion, as if some one was knocking 
at the door, and that she was called by some one. 

Late in going to sleep; he could not get any sleep before 12 
435. Wide awake in the evening in bed, so that he could not go to 
sleep for an hour; at the same time frequent cold shiverings, especi- 
ally over the whole of the left side, on which he is not lying; or, 
when he gets warm, lasciviousness with erections which make him 
more wide awake than before; eight days in succession, and again 
after five weeks. [C] 

Little sleep ( ist night ) . [C] 

At night uneasy sleep, caused by itching stitches now and 
then, which pass away on rubbing. 

Frequent awaking from intolerable itching on the chest, where 
he felt pimples. [C] 

Frequent awaking from itching here and there, with percepti- 
ble vesicles. [C] 
440. Awaking about 2 o'clock at night with slight general warmth 
and burning itching and excoriation on the anus (3d d.). [C] 

Awaking from his siesta after dinner, by and with dull gnash- 
ing of the teeth (2d d. j. [C] 

Awaking from strangury, at night. 

At night, discharge of little urine in an intermittent stream, 
with painful erections. 

He lies on his back at night. [Lg/z.'l 
445. At night frequent awaking, as from fright. [Lg/i.^ 

Anxious in bed, from 3-5 o'clock. 

Frequent awaking at night, and when he fell asleep he 
dreamed of solemnities. 

Anxious dreams, as if he would be wounded; he jumps up 
from sleep and struggles with hands and feet. 

Horrible dreams of mutilations of men. 
450. Dreams of his own family at home, with whom he quarreled, 
disturb his night's rest. \Lgh^ 

Vexatious dreams, full of quarrels with relatives, rouse him at 
night from sleep. \Lgh7\^ 

Lascivious dreams for several nights in succession, also with 
pollutions (aft. 11 d. ). [C] 

Voluptuous images in his dreams at night, with pollution. 

^^^''^ , • , , • ■ . 

Dream about seeing an old schoolmate, at which he rejoiced 
(aft. 23 h.). iLgh:\ 
455. Much chill, no heat. 

Unpleasant feeling of internal chilliness, so that he could 
never get really warm; returning after five weeks. \L .] 
Chilly, even in the warm room. [C\] 
Feet always cold as ice. [C] 


His feet do not get warm before i o'clock at night. [C] 
460. Shivering over the whole back, without thirst (aft. 2 h.). 

Shivering over the whole bod}', in the morning, with heat m 
the forehead, without thirst Taft. J2 h.). [_Lgh.'] 

Severe shaking chill toward noon, with violent thirst for beer 
for an hour; then, after sleeping, heat and constant thirst. 

By the least motion, especially in the sunshine, he is over- 
heated', and complains of excessive heat in the throat. [Wepfer. 

Goat's milk gives him an agreeable refreshment. [Wepfer, 
465. At night, in bed, he gets very hot with profuse perspiration. 
[Wepfer, ibid.] 

General perspiration, without smell, causing the finger-tips to 
soften and wrinkle ( 12th d.). [6^] 

Perspiration during sleep. [Lgh.~\ 

In the morning, on awaking, a light perspiration over the 
whole body (aft. 21 h.). \Lg:^i.'] 

Every other morning, general warm perspiration in bed. [C] 
470. Perspiration, returning at the same hour for three days. 
[XicoLAi, progr. ad Dissert., Reindee, de oleo V, et s. s.^] 

Pulse, now a few quick beats, then three or four slow beats 
(at once). 


(^The semi-oxide of metallic arsenic in diluted and potentized solution.) 

As I write down the word Arsenic, momentous memories seize 
upon m}- soul. 

When the All-merciful One created iron, He granted to man- 
kind, indeed, to fashion from it either the murderous dagger or the 
mild ploughshare, and either to kill or to nourish their brethren 
therewith. How much happier, however, would they be, did they 
employ His gifts onh' to benefit one another! This should be the 
aim of their life; this w^as His will. 

So also it is not to Him, the All-loving One, we must impute the 
wickeness practiced b}^ men, who have dared to misemplo}" the won- 
derfulh' powerful medicinal substances in diseases for which they 
w^ere not suitable, and besides this in doses 50 enormous, guided only 
by frivolous ideas or some paltry- authorities, without having subjected 
them to any careful trial, and without a well-grounded selection. 

1 References not accessible. — Hughes. 


If now a careful prover of the effects of medicines arise, they 
inveigh against him as an enemy to their comfort, and do not refrain 
.from the most dishonest calumnies. 

The ordinary medical art has hitherto employed in large andfre- 
quently i^epeated doses the most powerful medicines, such as arsenic, 
nitrate of silver, corrosive sublimate, aconite, belladonna, iodine, 
digitalis, opium, hyoscyamus, etc. Homoeopathy cannot employ 
stronger substances, for there are none stronger. Now, when ordi- 
nary physicians employ them, they evidently vie with one another 
who shall prescribe the largest possible doses of these drugs, and 
even make a great boast of their mounting to such enormous doses. 
This practice they laud and approve in their fellow practitioners. 
But if the Homoeopathic medical art employ the same drugs, not at 
random, like the ordinary method, but after careful investigation, 
only in suitable cases and in the smallest possible doses, it is de- 
nounced as a practice of poisoning. How partisan, how unjust, how 
calumnious is such a charge made by men who make pretensions to 
honesty and uprightness! 

If Homoeopathy now make a fuller explanation, if she condemn 
(as from conviction she must) the enormous doses of these drugs 
given in ordinary practice, and if she, relying on careful trials, insists 
that very much less of them should be given for a dose, that where 
ordinary physicians give a tenth, a half, a whole grain, and even 
several grains, often only a quadrillionth, a sextillionth, a decil- 
ionth of a grain is required and sufi&cient, then the adherents of the 
ordinary school, who denounce the Homoeopathic healing art as a 
system of poisoning, laugh aloud, abuse it as childishness, and 
declare themselves convinced (convinced without trial?) that such a 
small qua?itity can do nothing at all, and can have no effect what- 
ever, is, indeed, just the same as nothhig. They are not ashamed 
thus to blow hot and cold from the same mouth, and to pronounce 
the very same thing to be inert and ludicrously small, which they had 
just accused of being a system of poisoning, whilst they justif}' and 
praise their own enormous and murderous doses of the same reme- 
dies. Is not this the grossest and most wretched inconsistency that 
can be imagined, invented for the very purpose of being sliamelessly 
unjust toward a doctrine which, they cannot deny, possesses truth, 
consistence and agreement with experience, and which practices tlio 
most delicate cautiousness and the most unwearied circumspection in 
the selection and administration of its remedies ? 

Not very long ago a highly celebrated physician-!' spoke of pounds 
of opium being eaten every month in his hospital, where even the 

* Marcus, of Bamberg. 


nurses were allowed to give it to the patients according to their 
fancy. Opium, mind! a drug that has sent several thousands of 
men to their graves in ordinary practice ! Yet this man continued to 
be held in honor, for he belonged to the dominant clique to which 
everything is lawful even if it be of the most destructive and absurd 
character. And when, a few years since, in one of the most enlight- 
ened cities-'^ of Europe almost every practitioner, from the physician 
of lofty title down to the barber's apprentice, prescribed arsenic as a 
fashionable remedy in almost every disease, and that in such fre- 
quent and large doses in close succession, that the detriment to the 
health of the people must have been quite palpable, yet this was held 
to be an honorable practice, though not one of them was acquainted 
with the peculiar effects of the semi-oxide of this metal (and con- 
sequently knew not what cases of disease it was suited for). And 
yet all prescribed it in repeated doses, a single one of which, sufficiently 
attenuated and potentized, would have sufficed to cure all the diseases 
in the whole habitable world for which this drug is the suitable remedy. 
Which of these two oppsite modes of employing medicines best 
deserves the flattering appellation of a " system of poisoning " — the 
ordinary method just alluded to, which attacks with tenths of grains 
the poor patients (who often require some quite different remedy), 
or Homoeopathy, which does not even give a little drop of tincture 
of rhubarb without having first ascertained whether rhubarb is the 
most suitable, the only appropriate remedy for the case. Homoeop- 
athy which, by unwearied, multipHed experiments, discovered that it 
is only in rare cases that more than a decillionth of a grain of arsenic 
should be given, and that only in cases where careful proving shows 
this medicine to be the only one perfectly suitable ? To which of 
these two modes of practice does then the honorary title of ' ' thought- 
less, rash system of poisoning" properly apply? 

There is yet another sect of practitioners who may be called 
hypocritical purists. If they are practical physicians, they, indeed, 
prescribe all sorts of substances that are injurious when misused, but 
before the world they wish to pose as patterns of innocence and 
caution. From their professional chairs and in their writings they 
give us the most alarming definition of poison; to Hsten to their 
declarations it would appear unadvisable to treat any imaginable dis- 
ease with anything stronger than quick-grass, dandeHon, oxymel 
and raspberry ju ice. According to their definition, poisons are abso- 

* On how high a stage of lack of art must the medical art of our whole con- 
tinent be, when in a city like Berlin they are as yet in such a state, which city 
nevertheless has hardly an equal in all other departments of human knowledge! 



lately (/. e., under all circumstances, in all doses, in all cases; preju- 
pdicial to human life, and in this category they include (in order to 
prejudice against Homoeopathy), as suits their humor, a lot of sub- 
stances which in all ages have been extensively employed by phy- 
sicians for the cure of diseases. But the employment of these 
substances would be a criminal offence had not every one of them 
occasionally proved of use. If, however, each of them had only 
proved itself curative on only one occasion — and it cannot be denied 
that this sometimes happened — then this blasphemous definition is at 
the same time a palpable absurdity. Absolutely and under all cir- 
cumstances injurious and destructive, and yet at the same time 
salutary, is a contradiction in itself, is utter nonsense. If they would 
wriggle out of this contradiction, they allege, as a subterfuge, that 
these substances have more frequently proved injurious than useful. 
But did the more frequent injury caused by these substances come 
from these substances themselves, or from their improper employ- 
ment, /. e. , from those who made an unskillful use of them in 
for which they were not suitable ? These medicines do not administer 
themselves in diseases, they must be administered by men; and if 
they were beneficial at an}^ time, it was because they were at one 
time appropriately administered by somebody; it was because they 
might always be beneficial, if men never made any other than a suit- 
able use of them. Hence it follows that whenever these substances 
were hurtful and destructive they were so merely on account of 
having been inappropriately employed. Therefore all the injur}^ is 
attributable to the unskillfulness of their employers. 

These narrow-minded individuals further said: " Even when we 
attempt to tame arsenic by means of a corrective, e.g., by mixing it 
with an alkali, it still often enough does harm." 

Nay, I reply, the arsenic must not be blamed for this; for, as I 
before observed, drugs do not administer themselves, somebody ad- 
ministers them and does harm with them. And wdiat can the alkali 
do as a corrective? Is it merely intended to weaken the arsenic, or 
to change its character and convert it into something else ? In the 
latter case the neutral arsenical salt produced is no longer arsenic 
proper, but something different. If, however, it be merely made 
weaker, then surely a simple diminution of the dose of the pure 
solution of arsenic would be a much more rational and effectual mode 
of making it weaker and milder, than leaving the dose in its hurtful 
magnitude and by the addition of another medicinal substance en- 
deavoring to effect some, nobody knows what, alteration in its n.uuro. 
as takes place when a pretended corrective is used. If you tliiuk 


one-tenth of a grain of arsenic too strong, what is to prevent you 
from diluting the solution and giving less, a great deal less, of it ? 

"A tenth of a grain," I hear some one sa}^ ' is the smallest 
quantity the etiquette of the profession allows us to prescribe. Who 
could write a prescription to be made up at the apothecary's for a 
smaller quantity without making himself ridiculous?" 

So, indeed ! a tenth of a grain sometimes acts so violentl}^ as to 
endanger life, and the etiquette of your guild does not allow you to 
give less, very much less. Is it not an insult to common sense to talk 
in this way ? Is the etiquette of the profession a code of rules to 
bind a set of slaves without rationality, or is it the rule among men 
having a free will and intelligence ? If it is the latter, who hinders 
them from giving a smaller quantity where a greater might be inju- 
rious ? Obstinacy ? the dogmatism of a school ? or what other dun- 
geon of the intellect ? 

" Arsenic," " they protest, would still be hurtful, though given 
in a smaller quantity, even if we should be willing to descend to the 
ridiculous dose of a hundredth or of a thousandth of a grain, a 
minuteness of dose unheard of in the posologics of our materia 
medica. Even a thousandth of a grain of arsenic must still be hurt- 
ful and destructive, for it remains an uncontrollable poison, as we 
suppose, affirm, conjecture and assert." 

Even if this convenient asserting and conjecturing should here 
for once have blundered upon the truth, still it is evident that the 
virulence of the arsenic cannot increase but must decrease with 
every further reduction of the dose, so that we must at length arrive 
at such a dilution of the solution and such a diminution of the dose 
as no longer in any way possesses the dangerous character of your 
regulation dose of one- tenth of a grain. 

"Such a dose would, indeed, be a noveltj^! What kind of a 
dose w^ould it be ?" Novelty is indeed a capital crime in the eyes of 
the orthodox school, settled down upon her old lees, a school which 
subjects its reason to the tyranny of hoary routine. 

But what pitiful rule should hinder the physician, w^ho ought by 
rights to be a learned, thinking, independent man, a ruler of nature 
in his own domain — what in the world should hinder him from mod- 
erating a dangerous dose by diminishing its size ? 

What should hinder him, if experience should show him that the 
thousandth part of a grain is 3^et too strong a dose, from giving the 
hundred-thousandth part, or the millionth part of a grain? And 
should he find this last too violent in many cases, since in medicine 
all depends on observation and experience (as medicine itself is nothing 
but a science of experience) , what should hinder him from reducing 


tlie milliontli to a billionth ? And if also this prove too strong a dose 
in many cases, who could prevent him from diminishing it to the 
quadrillionth of a grain, or a smaller dose still ? Methinks I hear 
vulgar stolidity croak out from the quagmire of its thousand-year-old 
prejudices: Ha! ha! ha! A quadrillionth! Why that's nothing 
at all! 

Wh}^ not f Can the subdivision of a substance, be it carried ever 
so far, bring forth anything else than parts of the whole ? Must not 
these portions, reduced in size to the very verge of infinity, still con- 
tinue to be something — something substantial, a part of the whole, 
be it ever so minute ? What man of sound reason could contradict 
this ? 

And if this (quadrillionth, quintillionth, octillionth, decillionth) 
continue still to be really an integral portion of the divided sub- 
stance, as no rational man can deny, why should even so minute a 
portion, seeing that it is really something, be unable to do anything, 
considering that the whole was so tremendously powerful? But 
what and how 7nuch this small part can do, can be determined by no 
speculative reason or unreason, but experience alone must determine 
this, and in the domain of facts thei^e is no appeal from experience. 
It belongs to experience alone to determine if this small portion has 
become too weak to avail anything against diseases, too weak to 
remove the disease for which this medicine is in general suitable, 
and to restore the patient to health. This is a matter to be settled 
not by the dictatorial dictum from the study, but by experience 
alone, which in this case is the only competent arbiter. But experi- 
ence has already decided this question and continues to do so daih- 
before the eyes of every unprejudiced person. 

But when I have done with the wiseacre, who ridicules the small 
doses of Homoeopathy as a nonentity, as effecting nothing, and who 
never consults experience, I hear on the other side the hypocritical 
stickler for caution, with as little investigation and with the same 
recklessness, still inveigh against the danger of even the small doses 
used in homoeopathic practice. 

A few words then shall be added here for him. 

If arsenic in the dose of a tenth of a grain be, in many cases, a 
dangerous dose, must it not become milder in the dose of a thou- 
sandth of a grain ? And, if so, must it not become still milder with 
every further diminution of dose ? 

Now if arsenic (like every other very powerful niodioinal sub- 
stance) can, by nierel}^ diminishing its dose, be rendered so mild as 
to be no longer dangerous to Hfe, then all we have to do is merely to 
find by experiment how far the size of the dose nuist be diminished 


SO that it shall be small enough to do no harm, and yet large enough 
to fully effect its office as a remedy of the diseases for which it is 

Experience, and experience alone, not the pedantry of the study, 
not the narrow-minded, ignorant dogmatism of the schools, which 
does not prove anything practically, can decide what dose, of such an 
extremely powerful substance as arsenic, is so small that it can be 
taken without danger, and yet remains so powerful as to be able to 
effect all that this medicine (so invaluable when sufficiently mod- 
erated in its action and selected for a suitable case of disease) was 
from its nature ordained to do by the beneficent Creator. It must, 
by dilution of its solution and diminution of the dose, be rendered 
so mild that the strongest man can be freed by such a dose from a 
disease for which it is the appropriate remedy, while this same dose 
will be incapable of altering perceptibly the health of a healthy 
infant.'''' This is the grand problem that can only be solved by 
thousandfold experiments and trials, but not settled by the sophisti- 
cal dogmatism of the schools with its guessing, its assertions and its 

No rational phj^sician can acknowledge any such limitation to his 
treatment as would be dictated to him by the rusty routine of the 
schools, which is never guided by pure experiment combined with 
reflection. His sphere of action is the restoration to health of the 
sick, and the countless forces of nature are given to him unreservedly 
by the Sustainer of Life as implements of healing; nothing being 
excluded. To him whose calling it is to vanquish the disease that 
brings its victim to the verge of corporeal annihilation and effect a 
kind of recreation of life (a nobler work than most other, even those 
most vaunted of mankind), to him the whole broad expanse of 
nature with all her creative powers and substances must be available 
in order to enable him to perform this curative act, if we may so call it. 
But he must be at liberty to employ these agents in the exact quan- 
tity, be it ever so small or ever so large, that experience and trials 
show him to be most adapted to the end he has in view; in any form 

"^A medicine homceopathically chosen, i. e., a medicine capable of produc- 
ing a morbid condition very similar to the disease to be cured, touches only the 
diseased side of the organism, therefore just the most excited, extremely sensi- 
tive part of it. Therefore its dose must be so small as only to affect the dis- 
eased part just a little more than the disease itself did. For this the smallest 
dose suffices, one so small as to be incapable of altering the health of a healthy 
person, who has not such points of contact sufficiently sensitive for this medi- 
cine, or of making him ill, which only large doses of medicine can do. See 
Organon of Medicine, | 277-279, and Spirit of the Homceopathic Medical Doc- 
trine at the beginning of the Materia Medica Piira. 


whatever that reflection and experience have proved to be most val- 
uable. All this he must be able to do without any limitation what- 
soever, as is the right of a free man, of a deliverer of his fellow 
creatures, and a restorer of life, equipped with all the knowledge 
pertaining to his art and endowed with a god-like spirit and the 
tenderest conscience. 

From this God-serving and noblest of earthly occupations let all 
hold aloof who are deficient in mind, in the judicial spirit, in any of 
the branches of knowledge required for its exercise, or in tender 
regard for the weal of mankind and a sense of their duty to humanity; 
in one word, who are deficient in true virtue! Away with that un- 
hallowed crew who merely assume the outward semblance of health- 
restorers, but whose heads are full of vain deceit, whose hearts are 
stuffed with wicked frivolity, whose tongues make a mock of truth 
and whose hands prepare disaster. 

The following observations are the result of doses of various 
strength on persons of various sensitiveness: 

An intelligent homoeopathic physician will not give this medi- 
cine, even in its minimum dose, before he is convinced that its 
peculiar symptoms have the greatest possible similarity with those of 
the disease to be healed. But if this is the case it will surely cure. 

But if in any case, from human fallibility, he should not have 
made his selection appropriately, smelling once or several times of 
Ipecacuanha, or Hepar sulphuris calcareum, or Nux vomica, accord- 
ing to the circumstances, will remove the ill effects. 

Such a use of arsenic has shown its curative powers in number- 
less acute and chronic (psoric) diseases, and has then also at the 
same time healed the following symptoms if present: 

Fits of constrictio7i of the chest, at flight, driving the patient out of 
bed; fear of death; peevishness; heaviness in the forehead (Hg.); 
headache after dinner; scurf on the hairy scalp (Hg.); i7iflammation 
of the eyes ayid lids ; drawing and stitches in the face here and there; 
ulcers like warts on the cheek (Hg. ); tumor-like swelling in the 
nose (Hg. ); eruptions on the lips; bleeding of the gums; fetid odor 
from the mouth; vomiting of brownish matter, with violent colic; 
vomiting after every meal ; pressure in the stomach; bnrni)ig pain in 
the stomach and the scrobiculus cordis ; induration of the liver; burn- 
ing in the intestines ; abdominal dropsy; ulcer above the umbilicus; 
vSwelling of the inguinal glands; burning evacuations, with viok^it 
colic; green, diarrhoeic stools; constipation; paralysis of the bladder; 
dysuria; strangury; swelling of the genitals; menses too copious, 
ailments of various kinds during menstruation; acrid, corrosix'c dis- 
charge from the vagina; stoppage of the nose; coughing;- of blood; 


suffocative fits, in the evening after lying down; tightness of the 
chest, on ascending an eminence; angina pectoris; stitches in the 
sternum; pressure in the sternum; drawing and tearing, at night, 
from the elbow to the shoulder; whitlows on the tips of the fingers, 
with burning pains (Hg.); tearing and stitches in the hip, the thigh 
and the groin; tearing in the tibia; pain as of a bruise in the knee- 
joint; itching herpes in the hough; old sores on the legs, with burn- 
ing and stitches; weariness of the feet; ulcers in the soles of the feet 
(Hg.); ulcers, with corrosive blisters on the soles of the feet and toes 
(Hg.); pains as from soreness on the balls of the toes, as if rubbed 
open from walking; varicose and swelled veins; burning of the skin 
(Hg.); burning pai7i in the tilcers ; drowsiness in the evening; at 
night, slow in going to sleep again, after waking up; quotidian and 
intermittent fever ; shivering in the evening, with twisting of the 
limbs and anxious restlessness. 

The abbreviations of the names of my fellow-pro vers are: Bhr., 
Baehr ; Fr. H., Friedrich Hahnemann ; Htb. u. Tr., Hartlaub u. 
Trinks ; Hg., Hering ; Hbg., Hor?iburg ; Lgh., Langhammer; 
Mr., Meyer; Stf, Stapf. 


Sadness and gloominess. 

Melancholy, sad mood, after a meal, with headache (aft. 
80 h.). 

Sad, sorrowful ideas, in the evening in bed, as if some mis- 
fortune might have happened to one's relatives. 

Religious melancholy and reserve. [Ebers, in Hif eland' s 
four., 18 13, Oct., p. 8.'] 
5. He wept and howled, and spoke but little and briefly. \_Stf^ 

Piercing wailings, interrupted by fainting fits coming on. 
[Friederich, \vl Hi f eland' s four., V., p. 172."] 

Piteous wailings, that a most violent constriction of the chest 
was taking away his breath, attended with an extremely disagree- 
able sensation in the abdomen; this compelled him to double up, 

The inclusion of Arsenic among the antipsorics seems to have been an afterthought, as it 
comes in the original German edition, at the end of the alphabetical list of medicines, instead 
of appearing in its proper place — to which in this translation it has been restored. Its patho- 
genesis had already appeared in the Materia Medica Piira, where it contains 1,079 symptoms, 
of which 697 are from Hahnemann himself and seven fellow-observers, and 382 from authors. 
Of the two additional contributors mentioned here, "Hartlaub u. Trinks," stand for some 
cases of poisoning, the symptoms of which they had extracted, in the first and third volumes 
of their Arzneimittellehre ; and "Hering," for a number of aggravations and medicinal 
symptoms occurring in leprous patients taking the drug (^rc/sz»., XI., 2, 19). These account 
for 112 out of the 202 additional symptoms recorded here; the remainder are Hahnemann's, 
obtained in his later manner, and Wahle's (eighteen in all) — a prover unnoticed in the preface, 
but whose name frequently occurs among the second series of the Master's followers. — Hughes. 

1 Eber's observations are to be found in part 3, p. 46, and part 4, p. 3, of this volume. Effects 
of arsenite of potash in ague patients. This symptom not found. — Hughes. 

- Poisoning of a woman. For p. 172, read part I., p. 149. — Hughes. 


rolling here and there, then again to rise up and walk about. 
[MoRGAGNi, de sed. et cans. morb.. lylX.^] 

Fits of anguish for a long time. [Tim. a. Gurldenklee, 
Opp., p. 280.'] 

Anxiety and restlessness in the whole body (aft. i h.). 
[Richard, in Sche?ik, lib., VII., obs. 211.^] 
10. Anxious and trembling, he is afraid of himself, that he might 
not be able to restrain himself from killing someone with a knife. 
[Marcus, Ephem. d. Heilkunst, Heft., III.*] 

Anxiety and heat, not allowing her to go to sleep before 
midnight, for many days. 

Anxiety in the evening, after lying down and after mid- 
night, at 3 o'clock, after a'waking. 

Severe anxiety, at night about 3 o'clock, she sometimes 
felt hot, then again like vomiting. 

Anxiety, anguish. [Myrrhen, Misc. Nat. Cur. — Neue 
med. chir., Wahrnehm, Vol. I., 1778. — Quelmaez, Commerc. lit., 

15. Excessive anguish. [Kaiser, in Hb. ii. Tr. Arzneimittel- 

The most intolerable anguish. [Forestus lib., 17, obs., 13.'] 

Great anguish with constriction of the chest and difficult res- 
piration. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Internal anguish. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Mortal anguish. \i^n'i^^i'^Q in Huf eland ' s Joiirn. X., 2.^] 
20. Continual anguish, like remorse of conscience, as if he had 
acted in violation of his duty, without knowing in what particular. 

Anguish of heart, interrupted by fainting fits coming on. 
[Friedrich, 1. c] 

Anguish and anxiety, so that he repeatedly fell into a swoon. 
Bkrnh. Verzasch. {Obs. med. obs. 66.^] 

Anguish, trembling and quivering, with cold perspiration in 
the face. [Aeberti, yz^r/i^rz^^a^. med. Tom. II., p. 257.^*^] 

Great anguish, trembling and quivering with severe tearing 
in the abdomen. [Alberti, 1. c] 
25. With inexpressible anguish, he seemed on account of his 
increasing pains to lie at the point of death. [Morgagni, 1. c] 

With great anguish, he rolls and tosses about in the bed. 
[GuhEDENKEEE, ibid. BuETTNER, Ufiterr. neb. d. Toed I. d. 

He can find no rest in any place, continually changes 
his position, wishes to get from one bed into another and 
to lie, now here, now there. 

1 Poisoning of adults. For" I^IX." read Book IV., Ep. 59, gg 3. 5, 6, 7. S. 

2 From the vapor.— Htig he s. 

^.Poisoning ot adult, h'or ohs. 211 t^Sid'' Be Arsoiico'^ Q. ^.—Husi/u-s. 

•* Symptoms observed in a fever patient after taking arsenite of potash.— //Mi^■//f^'■^ 

5 (To Myrrhen note.) From drawing solution of A. into nostrils for coryza; ad<i lye. >\ 

ann- 9, 10, C'. 220. (To JVeiie Med., etc.) Not accessible. (To Quclmalz.) Poisoning ot girl by 

black oyL\6.&.— Hughes. 

^ Poisoning of a whole family by— Hughes. 

-Poisoning of a woman by orpiment. This symptom is not found. --^ms.'/"'-''" 

8 From application of Ars. to a diseased breast. With vomiting. Add p. \.\:^.~ Hushes. 

9 Not accessible. — Hug lies. 

10 Poisoning of adults. — Hughes. 

11 (For BuETTNER.) Poisoiiiugs. Add p. \-j<).— Hughes. 

530 hahxemann's chronic diseases. 

Restlessness, he desires to get from one bed into another. 
[Myrrhex, 1. c] 

Restlessness and tossing about in bed with sadness and un- 
quenchable thirst (aft. 24 h.). [Buettxer, 1. c] 
30. Restlessness with pains in the head, in the belly and in the 
knees. [Richard, 1. c] 

Full of restlessness, the child is cross and wimpers. 

Restlessness, and hypochondriac anxiet}' as from constant 
sitting in a room, as if from the upper part of the chest, without 
palpitation (at once.) 

x^nguish and fear; he sees an acquaintance who is not present 
lie dead on the sofa, and is much afraid of him. \_Whl.'] 

He sees nothing but worms and bugs crawling about on his 
bed, from which he desires to run awaj', and of which he throws 
out whole hands full. [ Whl.'] 
35. He sees nothing but rogues in his room, and therefore alwa3'S 
creeps under the bed. [ Whl.^ 

His whole house, also under his bed, is full of rogues, which 
causes a cold sweat to break out, which runs down cold over his 
body. IWhl.'] 

In the night he runs all about the house, looking for thieves. 

The greatest fear and anguish; night and day he sees ghosts. 

He jumps out of bed for fear, and hides away in a wardrobe, 
from which he can only be gotten out with difficult3\ \_Whl.'\ 
40. Lack of determination; he desires something, and when the 
endeavor is made to fulfill his desire, the merest trifle will change 
his determination, and then he is not willing to have it so. 

Great seriousness. 

When he is alone he falls into thoughts about disease and 
other things, from which he can not easily tear himself awa3\ 

He despairs of his life. [Richard, 1. c.^] 

Desponding and weeping, he thinks that nothing can help 
him, and he would have to die am^how; at the same time he is 
cold and chilh^ with subsequent general weariness. 
45. Super-sensitiveness and over-tenderness of mind; dejected, 
sad and lugubrious, she is troubled and solicitous about the merest 

Very sensitive to noise. 

Inclined to be frightened. 

Weak in body and soul, he cannot talk, without exhibiting 

Little talking, but complains of anguish. [Alberti, 1. c] 
50. Unconifortable, he has no pleasure in anything. 

Impatient and anxious. 

Dissatisfied all day and extremely vexed at himself; he 
thought he had not worked enough and reproached himself most 
bhterly. \_Lgh.'] 

Ill- humor alternating with gentle kindliness; in her ill-humor 
she will not look at an^'body, nor listen to anything; at times also 
she weeps. 

1 Not found. — Hughes. 


111- humor in the morning in bed; he pushes the pillows 
about in dissatisfaction, throws off the coverlet, uncovers himself, 
looks at no one, listens to nothing. 
55. Vexed about trifles. 

He is vexed at every trifle, and cannot stop talking 
about the faults of others. 

Very peevish and dissatisfied with everything, she finds fault 
with everything; everything seems to her too strong and loud, all 
talk, ever}^ noise, all light. 

Very peevish and sensitive; the least thing insults him and 
angers him. [_Lg-/i.^ 

Very peevish and passionate, capricious, she takes every word 
ill and is cross when she has to answer. 
60. Inclined to sarcastic mocking. 

She became violently enraged when she was forced to eat 
something, while she had no appetite at all. 

Her desires exceed her wants; she eats and drinks more than 
agrees with her; she walks farther than is necessary and is good 
for her. 

Great indifference and lack of sympathy. 

Indifference to life. [Kaiskr, 1. c] 
65. Life seems indifferent to him, he sets no value on it. 

Calm equanimity; careless about their approaching death, 
they neither hope nor wish to recover. (After-effects, with two 
suicides, w^ho had taken arsenic. ) 

Calmness of soul (in a despondent, melancholy woman). 
[I^ABORT>i\, jour?2. de Med., LXX., p. 89.^] 

Of a calm, firm mind; he retained his equanimity in all events 
that happened. \Lgh.'\ 

Cheerful disposition; he likes to converse with others. {^Lgh.'\ 
70. More inclined to cheerfulness, and disposed to occupy himself. 

During the first minutes great tranquility of soul and serenit}^; 
but after half an hour excessive restlessness and anxiety; he im- 
agined that the effects of the poison would be dreadful and desires 
to remain alive (in a despondent suicide). [^5*//"] 

Diminution of memory. 

Very faulty memory, for a long time. [Myrrhen, 1. c] 

Forgetfulness, his memory fails him, 
75. Stupid and weak in the head, about noon. 

Stupid and dizzy in the head, so that he could not think. 

Stupid and confused feeling in the head, as from severe coryza 
and vexation; the head feels like a lantern. 

Stupid feehng in the head, as if he had not slept enough; from 
II A. M. to 6 p. M. 

Dullness in the head, w^ithout pain. 
80. Weakness of the reason. [Ebers, 1. c.'"] 

Chronic weakness of mind. [KbKRS, 1. c'.] 

1 A woman took Ai's. with a suicidal purpose. The calmness was rather mental, owing to 
her determination, than phj'sical. — flushes. 

- Result of suppression of ague by Ars. — Hughes. 
^Doubtful how much is ague, and how much Ars. — Huiilus. 


Delirium. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Fantastic delirium, returning from time to time. [Guilbert, 
Med, chir. Wahrnehm, Vol. II., Altenb?^ 

Crowding in of various ideas, which he is too weak to keep 
off so as to occupy himself with a single one. 
85. The organs of sense are morbidly active. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Absence of reason and of the internal and external senses; he 
did not see, for many days he did not speak, he heard and under- 
stood nothing; when anyone cried very loudl}^ into his ears, he 
would look at those present like a drunken person awakened from 
a deep sleep. [Myrrhen, 1. c] 

She lay in her bed perfectly senseless, muttered unintelligible 
sounds, with her eyes staring, cold perspiration on her forehead; 
trembling in her whole bod}^; small, hard and quick pulse. 
[Kbers, 1. c] 

Consciousness disappears or becomes indistinct. [Kaiser, 

Loss of sensation and consciousness, so that he knew not 
what happened to him. [Pyi., Samml. VIII., p. 98 sq.^] 
90. Loss of consciousness and speech. \_Misc. N. C, Dec. III., 
an. 9, 10, p. 390.^] 

Ideas stra3dng, while the open eyes are without consciousness 
of phantasies, either before or afterwards. 

Insanity; first headache, excessive anguish, noise before the 
ears, as of many large bells, and when he opened his eyes, he 
always saw a man who sometime before had hanged himself in the 
garret of the house, and who incessantly motioned to him entreat- 
ingly that he should cut him down; he ran there with a knife, 
but as he could not cut him down, he grew desperate and wished 
to hang himself; being hindered in this, he became so restless 
that he could hardly be kept in bed; he lost his speech, though 
with full understanding, and when he wished to express himself 
by writing, he could only make unintelligible marks, whereat he 
trembled, wept, and with the forehead covered with the sweat of 
anguish, knelt down and raised his hands entreatingly. [Ebers, 
1. c] 

Frenzy; he has to be handcuffed and seeks to escape. 
[Amatus Lusitanus, Curationes, Cent II., Cur. 65.*] 

Numb feeling of the head. [Pearson, in Samml. br. Abhandl. 
f. prakt. Aerzte, XIII., 4/] 
95. The head is strongly muddled, in the evening (3d d.). 

Weakness in the head, from much pain, with w^eakness and 
qualmishness in the scrobiculus cordis, so severe that she was 
reall}^ ill. 

Dizz}^ in the head when walking in the open air, aggravated 
on re-entering the room (aft, ^ h.). 

Numb feeling in the head. [Bitchhoi.z, Beitr. z. g;er. Arz- 
neik, IV., 164.^ 

1 Poisoning of adult. — Hiighes. 

2 Poisoning oi 3.<\n\\..— Hughes. 

3 Same ca.'^e as ISIyrrhen's (Sympt. li,).— Hughes. 

f Poisoning of a youth. This symptom not found.— Hughes. 

" Effects of arsenite of potash in an epileptic— Hughes. 

^ Poisoning of adults with black oxide. After antidote.— Hughes. 


Silh^ in the head, after sleeping. 
100. Confused feeling in the head. \_Hbg^ 

Stupefaction in the head as from precipitate haste in perform- 
ing an excessive amount of work, with internal restlessness Taft. 


Stupefaction, with loss of sensation and vertigo. [Ebers 
1. c.'] 

Sensation of reeling in the head. [Albkrti, 1. c] 

Reeling, stupid and dizzy in the head, while taking a walk, 
most of all in the forehead, as if intoxicated, so as to stagger now 
to this side, now to that, and every moment was afraid of falling 
(aft. 9}^ h.). VLgh.-\ 
105. Vertigo. [Kaiser, I.e.; Thomson, Edinb. Vers., IV.; Sen- 
NERT, Prat. med. lib., 6, p. 6.^] 

Vertigo when sitting. 

Vertigo only when walking, as if he would fall to the right 
side. \Lgh.'\ 

Vertigo every evening ; she has to hold on to something 
when she shuts her eyes. 

Vertigo, with obscuration of vision. [Myrrhen, 1. c] 
no. Vertigo, with loss of thoughts when rising. IStf.'] 

Violent vertigo, with nausea, when lying down; he has to sit 
up to diminish it. [^^.] 

Vertigo, with headache. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Pains in the head. [Grimm, Misc. N. C, Dec. III., ann. 
7, 8/] 

Pains in the head and vertigo for several days. [G. W. 
Wedee, Diss, de Arsefi. Jen., 17 19, p. 10.^] 
115. Headache of excessive severity. [ Joh. Jacobi and Rau, Acta 
N. C; Knape, Annal. der Staats-Arzneikunde, I., i.^] 

Headache in the occiput. 

Semilateral headache. [Knape, 1. c] 

Headache, for several days, immediately relieved by applying 
cold water, but on removing it is much worse than before. 

Headache above the left eye, very severe in the evening and 
at night. \_Hg^^ 
120. Periodic headache. [Th. Rau, 1. c] 

Stupefying, pressive headache, especially in the forehead, in 
every position. \Lgh^ 

Stupefying, pressive headache, especially on the right side of 
the forehead, just above the right eyebrow, paining as if sore on 
wrinkling his forehead. \Egh^ 

Stupefying, pressive headache, chiefly on the forehead, with 
fine stitches on the left temporal region, near the outer canthus, 
when walking and standing, passing off when sitting (^aft. 2^ 2 h. \ 

1 Not found. — Hughes. 

-(For Thomson) Poisoning of a woman. (For Sennert) From inhaling- reali^ar.— 

^ From black oxide, in an adult. Add anu., 7, S.--Hug/it-s. 

*Not accessible. — Hughes. 

& (For jACOBi) I'rom suppression of asfue bj- Ars. in a young- man. (For R.\u'» From appli- 
cation of Ars. to .scalp. (For Knape) From powdering hair with Ars.— Hug/tcs. 


Pain, as from a bruise, on one side of the head, in the morn- 
ing immediately on rising from bed (aft. 12 h.). 
125. Sensation as if beaten on the front of the head. 

Pain in the forehead and above the nose, as from a bruise or 
sore, going off for short time by rubbing. 

Heavy and confused sensation in the head, so that he cannot 
easily rise; he has to lie down. 

Great heaviness in the head, especially when standing and 
sitting. [BuCHHOLz, 1. c.^] 

Great heaviness in the head, with roaring in the ears; it goes 
off in the open air, but at once returns when coming again 
into the room (aft. 16 h.). 
130. Excessive heaviness of the head, as if the brain was pressed 
down by a load, with roaring in the ears, in the morning after ris- 
ing from bed (aft. 24 h.). 

Heaviness of the head with pressive pain, in the morning 
(aft. 72 h.). 

Pressive pain in the right temporal region, in all positions 
(aft. 3I1.). \.Lgh:\ 

Pressive, drawing pain m the right side of the forehead (aft. 
2^h.). {_Lgh.-\ 

Pressive, stitch-like pain in the left temple, not passing off by 
touching (aft. 2^ h.). \Lgh?^ 
135. Tension in the head; headache, as if stretched. 

Pinching headache above the eyes, soon passing away. 

Drawing headache under the coronal suture, for several hours 
every afternoon. 

Tearing pains in the occiput. {Bhr?^ 

Tearing in the head and at the same time in the right eye. 
140. Headache, composed of tearing and heaviness, with drowsy 
weariness during the day. [aft. 4 d. ). 

Tearing stitches in the left temple. 

Stitch-like pain in the left temple, which ceased on touching 
part. \Lgh^^ 

Throbbing headache in the forehead, just above the 
root of the nose. 

Violently throbbing headache in the forehead, on motion. 
145. Violently throbbing headache in the whole head, especially in 
the forehead, with nausea on raising himself in bed. \Stf.'\ 

Sharp, hard throbbing, like chopping, in the whole head, as if 
it would drive her skull apart, at night (about 2 A. m.), with an 
outbreak of perspiration . 

Hammering, like blows of a hammer in the temples, very 
painful, at noon and at midnight for half hour, after which for a 
couple of hours she feels paralyzed in the body. 

Dull throbbing headache in one half of the head, extending to 
above the eyes. 

On motion, a sensation as if the brain was moving and beat 
against the skull. 

1 As sympt. 98. — Hughes. 


150. On motion of the head, the brain feels as if shaking about, 
with pressure on it, in walking. \_WhL'] 

Clicking sensation in the head, over the ear, when walking. 

The skin of the head pains when touched as if festering. 

Painfulness of the hair on being touched. 

Falling out of the hair of the head. [BayliKS i?i Samml. br. 
Abhandl. fuer pr. Aerzte, VII., 2, p. no/] 
155. Pains as from a bruise on the external head, aggravated when 

Contractive pain in the head. 

Formication on the integument of the occiput, as if the roots 
of the hairs moved. 

Burning pain on the hairy scalp. [Knapk, 1. c.^] 

Swelling of the head. [Hkimrkich in Act. N. C. II. , obs. lo.^] 
i6o. Swelling of the whole head. [QukIvMAIvZ, 1. c] 

Swelling of the head and face. [SikboIvD in Hiifel. Jouryi. IV. , 
part I., p. 3.*] 

Extraordinary swelling of the head and face. [Knapk, 
1. c] 

Swelling of the skin of the head, the face, the eyes, the neck 
and the chest, with natural color. [Knapk, 1. c] 

Itching gnawing on the head. [Knapk, 1. c] 
165. Gnawing itching on the whole head , inciting to scratch . \Lgh . ] 

Burning itching on the hairy scalp. [Knapk, 1. c] 

Painful itching like ulceration, inciting to scratching on the 
whole hairy scalp, which pains all over, but chiefly on the occiput, 
as if from suffused blood (aft. 7 h.). [Lg/i.^ 

A pimple covered with scurf on the left side of the hairy scalp, 
inciting to scratching, and painful when rubbing as if festering 
underneath (aft. 2 h.). \Lgh.'\ 

Eruptive pimples on the whole hairy scalp, which pain, on 
rubbing and touching, as if festering below, or as if suffused with 
blood (aft. II h.). \Lgh:\ 
170. Innumerable pimples, very red, upon the hairy scalp. [\"icat, 

Eruption of pustules with burning pain, on the hairy scalp and 
in the face. [Hkimrkich, 1. c] 

Pimples on the left temple, inciting to scratching, and dis- 
charging bloody water, and, after rubbing, pain as if sore. \^Lgh.'\ 

Two large pimples on the forehead between the eyebrows, 
inciting to scratching, discharging blood}^ water, and filled next 
day with pus. SJ^gh^ 

Corrosive ulcers on the hairy scalp. [Knapk, 1. c] 
175. Ulcerous scab, a finger's breadth in thickness, on the hairy 
scalp, falling off a few weeks later. [Hkinrkich. 1. c] 

Ulcerous scab, on the hair}^ scalp, to the middle of the tore- 
head. [Knapk, 1. c] 

1 General statement from authors. — Hu^Jies. 

2 Kffect of Ars. sprinkled on hair — HiioJirs. 

^ Should be " of the veins." It occurred after violent \on\\th\^.—Hng/i<'s. 

■4 Effect of dre.ssing pustular scalp with mixture of Ars. and cniuabar.—/y//.c /''•-"•■ 

•'' From powdering hair with Ars. — Hiig/irs. 


The right eye pained deep internally, with violent stitches in 
turning it, so that she could hardl}^ turn her e3"e. 

Pressive pain above the left e5'elid and in the upper half of 
the eyeball, aggravated on looking upward. 

Pressive pain under the right eye, continuing for hours, at 
night, so that she could not stay in bed for distress. 
i8o. Pressure in the left eye, as if sand had got into it (aft. 2 h.). 

Drawing pain in the eyes, and quivering in the lids. 

Twitching in the left eye. 

Tearing in the eye, at intervals. [Schlegel, in J7l?. u Tr.^'] 

Throbbing, like pulsation, in the eyes, and at every throb a 
stitch, after midnight. 
185. Itching about the eyes and the temple, as if picked with in- 
numerable red-hot needles. 

Smarting, corrosive itching in both e3^es, compelling to scratch 
(aft. ah.). ILgh.-] 

Burning on the edge of the upper eyelids. 

Burning in the eyes. 

Burning in the eyes, the nose, the mouth. [N. med. chir. 
Wahvjiehm.^ 1. c] 
190. Red, inflamed eyes. \N. med chir. Wahr7i., 1. c] 

Inflammation of the conjunctiva. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Inflammation of the eyes. [Heun, allgejn. med. AnnaleUy 
1805, Febr.'] 

Violent inflammation of the eyes. [Guilbert, 1. c.^] 

Swelling of the e3^es. [Quelmalz, 1. c.*] 
195. Swelling of the e^^elids. \N. 7ned. chir. IV., 1. c] 

(Edematous swelling of the eyelids, without pains. [ lVhi.~\ 

Swelling, first of the upper, then of the lower left eyelid, then 
of the forehead, the head and the neck, without pain or secretion 
of mucus; the swelling of the head and of the neck reached an 
enormous size. \_Whl.'] 

Swollen e^^es and lips. [Knape, 1. c] 

Painless swelling under the left eye, which partly closes the 
eye, and is ver3' soft (aft. 5 d.). \_Fr., H.'] 
200. Yellowness of the eyes, as in jaundice. 

Yellow" white of the eves, as in a person having jaundice. 


Tired look of the e^^es. [Kaiser, 1. c.J 

Dryness of the eyelids, as if they rubbed on the eyes, in read- 
ing by candle-light. 

The edges of the eyelids pain on motion, as if they 
were dry, and rubbed upon the eyeballs, as well in the open 
air, as in the room. 
205. Watering of the eyes. [Guiebert, 1. c] 

Constant, severe lachrymation of the right eye, for eight days 
(aft. 2d.). [Fr., H.'] 

1 From the vapor, mingled with that of tobacco. — Hughes. 

- From application of Ars. to cancerous ulcer of the cn^^k..— Hughes. 

3 Frequently recurring. — Highes. 

* As in symp. I6o. — Hughes. 


Acrid tears, making the cheeks sore. [Guilbert, 1. c.^] 

Watering and itching of the eyes, some pus in them in the 
morning. [-Fr., //.] 

E3'eHds glued together in the morning. 
210. The outer canthi are ghied together by eyegum, in the morn- 
ing, [mil.] 

Constant quivering of the upper eyehds, with tears in the 

The (oedematously swollen) eyelids close firmly and spasmodi- 
cally and look as if they were bloated. \_Whl.'] 

Contortion of the eyes. [J. Mat. MulIvER, in Ephem. N. C, 
Cent. I., C. 5I.T 

Contortion of the eyes and of the muscles of the neck. \Eph. 
N., Cent. X., app., p. 463.^ 
215. Protruding eyes. [GuilberT, 1. c] 

Protruded eyes. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Rigid eyes, directed upward. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Frightfully staring eyes. [Myrrhen, 1. c.*] 

Wildly staring look. [Guiebert, 1. c] 
220. Wildly staring look. \_Whl.^ 

Wildly staring look, without dilatation of the pupils. 
[Kaiser, 1. c] 

Wild look. [Majauet, in Samml. br. Abhandl. f. pra. 
Ae?zte. VII., i, 59 and 2, 69.^] 

His eyelids close themselves; he is weary. \Hbg^ 

Contracted pupils (aft. i^, 5 h. ). \J^gh.~\ 
225. Weakness of vision, for a long time. [Myrrhen, 1. c.'] 

Obscure vision, as through a white gauze. 

He does not recognize the persons standing around him. 
[Richard, 1. c] 

Obscuration of sight. [Bayeies, 1. c] 

Obscuration of sight; everything looks black before his eyes 
(at once). [Richard, 1. c] 
230. Darkness and flickering before his eyes. [KaiseR, 1. c] 

Almost total blindness, in a weak-sighted woman, with loss of 
the hearing and with long continued dullness of the senses. 
[Kbers, 1. c.''] 

Everything becomes yellow before the eyes, during qualmish- 
ness. [Aeberti, 1. c] 

White dots or points before the eyes. 

Sparks before the eyes. [Kbers, 1. c.^] 
235. Sensitiveness to light, photophobia. [Ebers, 1. c.**] 

Snow blinds the eyes, so that they water. 

Otalgia. \Bhr:\ 

Cramp-like pain in the external ears. 

I'lhe eyelids also were made sore. — Hughes 

2 General statement. The symptom not found. — Hughes. 

3 Poisoning of adult. — Hughes. 

40r "eyes distorted in a horrid manner.'' — Hughes. 

5 Poisoning with Ars., realgar and orpiment. — Hughes. 

''With Sympt. 73. — Hughes. 

^ As Sympt. 81 — HugJies. 

8 With headache and \&xW^o.— Hughes. 

^With headache and veitigo. — Hughes. 



Tearing in the interior of the ear. 
240. Drawing tearing in the left lobule. 

Drawing tearing behind the ear, down the nape of the neck 
and into the shoulder. 

Stitching tearing outwardh^ through the left meatus auditorius, 
chiefly in the evening (ist d.). 

Stitches in the ear, in the morning. 

Agreeable titillation in both ears, deep within, for ten days. 
\_Fr. H.-] 
245. Voluptuous tickling in the right meatus auditorius, compelling 
to rubbing. [_Lgh.'] 

Burning in the external ear, in the evening (aft. 5 h.). 
Sensation of obstruction in the left meatus auditorius, as if 
from without. 

Hardness of hearing, as if the ears were stopped, (aft. 16 h. ). 
When swallowing, something seems to obstruct the ear from 
within, as with deafness. 
250. He does not imderstand what is said to him. [Richard, 1. c] 
Deafness. [Ilg-.^ 

Ringing in the right ear, when sitting (aft. i}^ h.). [_Lgh.'] 
Like ringing in the ears and in the whole head. 
Roaring in the ears \A^ith every paroxysm of pain. 
255. Roaring in the ears. [Thomson, 1. c. Baylies, 1. c.^] 

Violent rushing sound before the ears as from a near water- 

In the root of the nose, pain in the bones. 

Stitches in the bones of the nose. 

Violent flow of blood from the nose, owing to vexation (aft. 

260. Violent bleeding from the nose, after severe vomiting. [Heim- 
REICH, Arse7i. als Fiebermzttel.'] 

A fetid ichor flows from the nose, which is ulcerated high up, 
and dropping into the mouth it causes a bitter taste. [_H'g.'] 

Alternately a smell of pitch and of sulphur in the nose. 

The face is sunken. \_Htb. u. Tr.'^^ 

Pale face. [Majault, 1. c] 
265. Paleness of the face with distorted features. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Paleness of the face with sunken eyes. [J. G. Greiselius in 
Afzsc. Nat. cur. Dec. I., Ann. 2, p. 149.^] 

Pale, 3^ellow, cachectic appearance. [Schlegel, 1. c.^] 

Deadly paleness. [Henning, 1. c.°] 

Deadly hue of the face. [Aeberti, 1. c.^] 
270. Yellow face with sunken eyes. 

Bluish, discolored face. [Mueller, 1. c. Eph. N. C, 1. c."^] 

Earth}^ and leaden complexion, with green and blue spots and 
stripes. [Knape, 1. c] 

Distorted features, as if from discontent. 

1 Not found in Thomson. — Hughes. 

" From smoke of wax tapers impregnated with Krs,.--Hughes. 

3 Symptoms observed in miners. — Hughes. 

■^See Sympt. 185. — Hughes. 

o With violent vomitin,sr. — Hughes. 

•5 During vomiting — Hughes. 

'>\u Eph. Nat. Cur. the phrase is " face livid and \\xr'\&:' —Hughes. 


Altered and disfigured countenance. [Kaiser, 1. c] 
275. Death- like appearance. [Ai^berei, 1. c] 

Twitches in the facial muscles. [GUII.BERT, 1. c] 

Pressure in the left upper jaw. 

Itching in the face, causing it to be scratched till it is sore. 

Bloated red face, with swollen lips. [^//^.] 
280. Bloated, red face. [KaisER, 1. c] 

Swelling of the whole face (from an external application. 
{Htb. u. Tr.'] 

Swelling of the face. [J. C. Tenner, in Simo7i' s Samml. d. 
n. Beoh. f. d. /., 1788. ^ 

Swelling of the face, of an elastic nature, especially in 
the eyelids, and chiefly in the morning, in three persons. 
[Th. Fowler, Med. rep. of the effect of arsen., Sect. VIII. ^] 

Swelling of the face with swoons and vertigo. [Sennert, 
prax lib. 6, p. 237.^] 
285 Hard swelling like a nut on the two protuberances of the fore- 
head; the swelling increases in the evening. \Sr^ 

Eruption on the forehead. [Knape, 1. c] 

Ivittle knobs, bumps on the forehead. [A^. med. chir. Wahrn., 

Ulcers all over the face. [A^. 7ned. chir. Wahrn., 1. c] 

The lips are bluish. [Baylies, 1. c] 
290. Bluish lips. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Black-spotted lips. [Guilbert, 1. c] 

Blackish appearance about the mouth. [Alberti, 1. c] 

Pinching quivering or twitching on the one side of the 
upper lip, especially on going to sleep. 

Itching, as if pricked with countless burning needles, in the 
upper lip, up to the nose, and the following day swelling of the 
upper lip above the red. 
295. Swelling of the lips. \Stf^ 

Bleeding of the lower lip after a meal (aft. i^^ h.). \Lgh^^ 

A brown strip of shriveled epidermis, almost as if burnt, 
extends through the middle of the red of the lower lip. 

Red, tettery skin around the mouth. 

Eruption broken out on the lips at the edge of the red, pain- 
less (aft. 14 d.). 
300. Eruption about the mouth, with burning pain. 

Painful knots on the upper lips. 

Eruption of ulcers around the lips. [Isenflamm Steinning, 
Diss, de rem. susp. et ven., Erlangen, 1767, p. xxvii.^ 

Eruption on the lower lip, like noma, with thick crust and a 
base like leaf-lard. [Sr.'] 

An ulcer eroding on the lip, with tearing pain and smarting 
as from salt, in the evening on lying down, in the day while mov- 
ing; worst on being touched and in the open air; it prevents sleep 
and causes waking up at night (aft. 14 d.). 

iNot accessible.— /f^/^jr/'^-i"- 

2 Effects of arsenite of potash in ague patients.— ////j;//<'5. 

^ Not accessible.— //«,^/c^i-. 

4 General statement— //"w^/t^i. 


305. Swelling of the sub-maxillary glands, with pain as from pres- 
sure and contusion. 

Swelling of the sub-maxillary glands, with painfulness on 
external pressure. [^/^.] 

Hard swelling of the left sub-maxillary gland; the swelling is 
especially severe in the evening. \_Sr.'] 

Toothache, more pressive than drawing. 

Jerking, continuous toothache, extending into the temple, 
relieved or removed b}^ sitting up in bed. 
310. Tearing in the teeth and simultaneously in the head, at which 
she becomes so enraged as to beat her head with her fists; just 
before the setting in of the menses. 

Pain in several teeth (in the gums), as if they were loose 
and would fall out ; but the pain is not increased in chew- 
ing (aft. I h.). 

Painful looseness of the teeth; and pain as if sore, per se, and 
more jQt in chewing; so also the gums pain on being touched, and 
the cheek on that side swells up. 

One tooth becomes loose and prominent, in the morning; its 
gums ache on being touched, still more in that case, the external 
part of the cheek, behind which lies the loose tooth; the tooth is 
not painful on biting the teeth together. 

Convulsive gnashing of the teeth. [Van Eggern, Diss, de 
vacill. dent. Duisb., 1787.^] 
315. Gnashing of the teeth. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Falling out of all the teeth. [Van Eggern, 1. c. ] 

In the gums, stitches, in the morning. 

Nocturnal tearing pains in the gum of the canine tooth, which 
is unbearable as long as he lies on the affected side, but is 
removed by the warmth of the bed ; the following morning 
the nose is swollen and painful on being touched (aft. 3d.). 

The tongue is bluish. [Bayeies, 1. c] 
320. White tongue. [Alberti, 1. c] 

Insensibilit}' of the tongue, it is as if it were burnt dead, with- 
out sense of taste. 

Stitching pain, as from a fish-bone in the root of the tongue, 
when swallowing and when turning the head. 

Boring pain in right border of the tongue, while half asleep. 

Pain on the tongue as if there w^ere on it vesicles full of burn- 
ing pain. 
325. Erosion of the tongue at the side of the tip with smarting 
pain (aft. 14 d.). 

On the roof of the palate, long continued feeling of roughness. 

Scrap}', scratchy sensation, behind on the velum pendulum 
palati, when not swallowing. 

Scraping and sensation of rancidity in the throat, as from 
rancid fat, after the first morsel she swallowed in the morning. 

In the throat a sensation as if there was a hair in it. 
330. Sensation in the throat as from a lump of mucus, with a taste 
of blood. 

1 Not accessible. — Hughes. 


Tearing pain in the oesophagus and all up the throat, also 
when not swallowing. 

Burning in the throat. [Richard, 1. c. Buchholz, 1. c] 

Burning in the fauces. [Knapk, 1. c. Kopp, Jahrb. de7 
Staats-Arzneik. II., p. 182.^] 

Inflammation of the interior of the throat. [Rau, 1. c] 
335- Gangrenous sore throat. [FkIvDMAnn, in Comm. lit. Nor. 
1743, P- 50'] 

In the fauces and stomach a sensation of rolling together, as 
if a thread was rolled into a ball. [Richard, 1. c] 

Sensation of constriction in the throat. [Preussius, Ephem. 
N. C. Cent. III., obs. 15.'] 

Constriction of the fauces (of the oesophagus). [//. m. ch. 
Wahrn., 1. c] 

His throat feels as if pressed quite shut, as if nothing would 
go down his oesophagus. [Ai^berti, 1. c] 
340. Deglutition very painful. [A^. m. ch. Wahrn., 1. c] 

Difficult swallowing. [Rau, 1. c] 

Sensation of paralysis of the fauces and oesophagus ; the 
chewed roll could not be swallowed down, it went down 
with difficulty with a pinching pressure, as if the oesophagus 
had not sufficient strength for it; he heard it rattle down. 

Feeling of dryness on the tongue. [Buchhoi^z, 1. c] 

Sensation of great dryness in the mouth, with violent thirst; 
but he only drinks a little at a time. \_Stf.'\ 
345. Sensation of dryness in the throat; she had to drink con- 
stantly, as she felt that otherwise she should perish of thirst. 

Severe dryness in the mouth anH violent thirst. 

Severe dryness in the mouth. [Thii^Enius in Richter' s chir. 
bibl. v., p. 540. T 

Dryness of the tongue. [Guiebert, 1. c. ; Majault, 1. c] 

Much saliva, he had to spit out frequently. \Hbg^ 
350. The saliva ejected tastes bitter. 

Bloody saliva. \_N. m. ch. Wahrn., 1. c] 

Slimy in the mouth and throat (aft. 2 h.). 

Ejection of grey mucus by hawking. 

Salty expectoration (by hawking?). [Richard, 1. c] 
355. Bitter expectoration. [Richard, 1. c] 

Green, bitter expectoration (by hawking) in the morning. 

Bitterness in the mouth, with yellow diarrhoea, [Morgagni, 
1. c] 

Bitter taste in the mouth, after a meal. 

Bitter disgusting taste in the mouth, after eating and drink- 
360. Bitterness in the throat, after eating, while the food tastes 
normally on alternate days (like a tertian fever). 

Bitter taste in the mouth, without having eaten anything. 

Bitter taste in the mouth, in the morning. [/4'".] 

1 (For Kopp ) Poisoning of ^<^.\\\\..— Hughes. 

-From a plaster of Ars. applied for a quartan. — Hughes. 

3 Poisoning- of a boj-. — Hughes. 

* Effects in a patient with scirrhous hv^ast.— Hughes. 


Wooden, dr^^ taste in the mouth. 

Rotten fetid taste in the mouth. 
365. Putrid taste in the morning, as of putrid meat. 

Sour taste in the mouth, all the food tastes sour. 

All the food tastes salt3\ 

The food tastes as if it had too little salt. 

The beer tastes flat. 
370. The unhopped beer tastes bitter. 

Adipsia, lack of thirst. 

Thirst. [Preussius 1. c.; Rau, 1. c. ; PET de iVppoNO, de 

Great thirst. [Alberti, 1. c., Tom. IL] 

Severe thirst, constant. [Buettner, 1. c] 
375. Violent thirst. [Majault, 1. c] 

Choking thirst. [Forestus, 1. c] 

Burning thirst. [Majauet, 1. c.^] 

Unquenchable thirst. [Buchhoez, 1. c. ; Guiebert, 1. c. ; 

Unquenchable thirst, with dryness of the tongue, the fauces 
and the gullet. [GueldenkleE, 1. c] 
380. Uncommon thirst, so that he has to drink much cold water 
every ten minutes, from morning till evening, but not at night. 

Extremely violent thirst, and drinking affords no refresh- 
ment and refection. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

He drinks much and often. \Stf^ 

With great thirst, he drinks often, but always little at 
a time. [Richard, 1. c.^] 

Violent thirst, but he only drinks little at a time. \Whl^ 
385. Violent thirst, not without appetite for eating. [Knape, 1. c] 

Lack of appetite, with violent thirst. [Stcerk, 7ned. Jahrg. 
I., p. 207.'] 

Lack of appetite. [Jacobi, 1. c] 

Loss of appetite. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Total lack of appetite. [Buchholz, in Hufel. Jou7'n., 1. c] 
390. No appetite, but when he eats he relishes food. 

Lack of hunger and appetite for ten days. \Fr., H^ 

Aversion to all food, she cannot eat anything. 

Loathing of food. [Grimm, 1. c. ; Gceritz, in Bresl. Samml. , 

Loathing of all food. [Alberti, 1. c] 
395. ^ Irresistible loathing of all food, so that he cannot think of 
eating without nausea. [Ebers, 1. c] 

It is impossible for him to get his food down. [Richard, 1. c] 

The smell of boiled meat is unbearable to him. [Richard, 
1. c] 

Repugnance to butter. 

Desire for brandy. \^Hg.'\ 

1 Effects of realgar. — Hughes. 

- Not found. — Hughes. 

3 Not found. — Hughes. 

4 Effects of arsenite of potash in ague ■^a.W^vA.'s,.— Hughes. 

^ Not to be found at reference. — Hughes. 


400. Desire for sour things. [Sf/.] 

Desire for vinegar and water. 

Great desire for acids and acidulous fruit. 

Great desire for coffee. 

Great appetite for milk, to which before she was averse. 
405. While eating, a compressive sensation on the chest. 

Soon after breakfast and after dinner, pressure on the stomach, 
with empty eructations for three hours, causing a lassitude of body 
which produced qualmishness. 

Before eating, nausea, and after eating or drinking, distension 
or pressure and cutting in the abdomen. 

Eructation, after taking food. 

Much eructation, especially after drinking. 
410. Ineffectual efforts to eructate. 

Eructation, caused by flatus coming upward. 

Constant eructation. [GcERiTz, 1. c] 

Frequent empty eructation (aft. ^ h.). \_Lgh.'\ 

Frequent empty eructation. 
415. Constant, severe, empty eructation, with numb feeling of the 
head (aft. 36 h.). 

Sour eructation after dinner. 

Bitter eructation after eating, with belching up of greenish, 
bitter mucus. 

An acrid liquid rises into the mouth. 

Frequent hiccup after eating, every time followed by eruc- 
tation. [Lgh.'] 
420. Frequent hiccup and eructation. [Morgagni, 1. c] 

Convulsive hiccup. [Ai^berti, 1. c] 

Hiccup, at night, when rising, with scratching, nauseous taste 
in the mouth. 

Long-continued hiccup, in the hour when the fever should 
have come. 

Qualmishness at 11 A. M. and at 3 P. M. 
425. Nausea. [Pfann, Samml. merkw. Falle, Numb., 1750, pp. 
129, 130; N. Wahrii, 1. c; KaisER, 1. c.^] 

Nausea in the fauces and stomach. 

Nausea, with anguish. [Ai^berti, 1. c] 

Long-continued nausea, with faintness, trembling, heat all 
over, followed by a shiver (aft some h.). 

Qualmishness and nausea, compelling the person to lie 
down, in the forenoon, at the same time tearing about the ankle 
and the dorsum of the foot. 
430. Frequent nausea, with a sweetish taste in the mouth, not 
immediately after eating. 

Nausea, more in the throat, with gathering of water in the 

Nausea, with abortive waterbrash, shortly before and after 

Nausea, when sitting; much water collected in the moutli, as 

1 Poisoning by cobalt, " fly-powder," a mixture of metallic arsenic with arsenious acid.— 


in waterbrash; while walking, the nausea passed off, followed by 
a discharge of a copious, pappy stool (aft. 7 h.). [Lgk.^ 
Waterbrash, at 4 p. m. 
435. Sickness at stomach. [Majault, 1. c.^] 
Inclination to vomit. [Kaiser, 1. c] 
Nausea, in the open air. 
Empty retching. [Rau, 1. c] 
Nausea and violent vomiting. [///^. 71. Tr.^'] 
440. Nausea, qualmishness on raising oneself up in bed, and fre- 
quently, sudden vomiting. [5^.] 

Vomiting. [Majaui^T, 1. c. ; Grimm, and many others.] 
Vomiting immediatel)" after every meal, without nausea. 
[Fr. //.] 

The child vomits after eating and drinking, and then will 
neither eat nor drink, but sleeps well. 

Vomiting of all the ingesta, for several weeks. {^Sal^d. m. 
chir. Zeit^ 
445. Excessive vomiting produced with the greatest effort, of 
drinks, yellowish-green mucus and water, with very bitter taste in 
the mouth, which remained a long time afterward. \_Stf^ 
Vomiting of a thick, glassy mucus. [Richard, 1. c] 
Vomiting of mucus and green bile. [Alberti, 1. c.^] 
Vomiting of a thin, bluish, smutty-yellow matter, followed by 
great prostration and exhaustion. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Vomiting of brownish, dark matter, sometimes thick, some- 
times thin, with violent efforts and increased stomachache, with- 
out subsequent relief. [Kaiser, 1. c] 
450. Vomiting of a brownish matter, often mixed with blood, with 
a violent bodily effort. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Vomiting of bloody mucus. \N. Wahrn., 1. c] 
Vomiting of blood [Kellner, in Bresl. Samml., 1727.*] 
Discharged blood upward and downward. [Gerbitz, in 
Epheni. Nat. Cur., Dec. III., a7in 5, 6, obs. 137.^] 

When vomiting ceases, frequent, very watery diarrhoeic stools 
set in. \Htb. u, Tr.'] 
455. Excessive vomiting and purging. [Preussius, 1. c] 

Violent, continual voming, with diarrhoea. [Morgagni, 1. c] 
Vomiting, with diarrhoea, as soon as the swoon goes off. 
[FORESTUS, 1. c] 

During the vomiting, which continues night and day, fright- 
ful cries. [Heimreich, 1. c.'] 

During the vomiting, complains of severe internal heat and 
thirst. [Alberti, 1. c] 
460. During the violent vomiting, severe internal burning, thirst 
and heat. [A1.BERT1, 1. c] 

Frequent vomiting, with dread of death. [A1.BERT1, 1. c] 

1 Not found. — Hughes. 
^Assympt. 267. — Hughes. 

^Iviterally, "Vomiting of greenish matter at night, of whitish stuff next morning." — 

■t Poisoning of a girl of twent}'. — Hughes. 
5 From orpiment. — Hughes. 
6 Reference should be Kaiser, 1. c— Hughes. 
' Cited from Cardan. — Hughes. 


Pains in the stomach. [Quelmalz, 1. c; Richard, and 
several others.] 

Great painfulness of the stomach. [M Wahrn., 1. c] 

Pains in the stomach, causing nausea. [Richard, 1. c] 
465. Excessive pains in the region of the scrobiculus cordis. [S. 
Ph. Wolff, Act. Nat. c, V., obs. 29.'] 

Heaviness in the stomach, as if it were being violently dis- 
tended in its whole extent and were being torn. [Kopp, Jahrb. d. 
Staatsarzneik. II., p. 182.] 

Trouble in the stomach, as if it were tormented with flatus; 
much aggravated after vomiting and diarrhoea. [Morgagni, 

1. C.T 

Bloatedness and distension of the stomach and the hypochon- 
driac region, before a stool ensues. [Richard, 1. c] 

Bloatedness of the region of the stomach. [Kaisfr, 1. c] 
470. The stomach begins to raise itself, and is warmer than the 
rest of the body. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Sensation of fullness in the stomach, with distaste for eating, 
and stomachache after it; in the evening. 

Heaviness in the stomach, as from a stone, after eating. 


Pressive feeling of heaviness in the stomach. [Morgagni, 

Pressure in the region of the stomach and the scrobic- 
ulus cordis; pressure on the heart. [Kellner, 1. c; GoERTz 
and many others.^] 
475. It felt as if it would break her heart. 

It felt as if it would break his heart. [5//.] 

Pressure on the mouth of the stomach and in the oesophagus, 
after eating, as if the food remained on top; then empty eructation. 

Pressure about the stomach, so that he cannot stand it, when- 
ever he has eaten anything, not at once, but some time after 

Pressure in the anterior wall of the stomach, on speaking 
(aft. y^ h.). 
480. Hard pressure above the scrobiculus cordis (at once). 

Cramp-like pain of the stomach, two hours after midnight. 

Periodic cramp like pains in the stomach and the bowels. 
[Kaiser, 1. c] 

Cramps of the stomach, of excessive violence, with thirst. 
[BUCHHOLZ, 1. c] 

Cramps of the stomach, with violent bellyache, diarrhc:ea and 
faintings. [lyOEw, in Sydenham, Op. II., p. 324.^] 
485. Cutting pain in the vStomach. [Thilenius, 1. c] 

Drawing pain, in the evening while sitting, from the scrobic- 
ulus cordis to the left ribs all around, as if something were 
violently torn off there. 

Dull tearing, transversel}' across the region of the stomach, 
when walking, in the afternoon. 

1 Poisouing of two women. For " pains " read " anxieties," /. <•., anxiety. — flm:!!,-. 
-Add "returning- later with great violence."— ////a' /''"-''• 
^Goertz should be Gokritz. — Ht/g/ies. 
■^Not found at reference. — Hughes. 


Tearing, pressive, spasmodic pain in the stomach. [Kaiser, 
1. c] 

Violent, tearing, boring pain and cramp in the stomach and. 
bowels. [Kaiser, 1. c] 
490. Gnawing and prickling (sharp and fine throbbing) pain in the 
scrobiculus cordis, with sensation of tension. 

Eroding, gnawing /^zV? in the stomach. [Richard, 1. c] 

Heat with pain and pressure in the scrobiculus cordis. 
[Kaiser, 1. c.] 

Burning in the scrobiculus cordis. [Buchhoi^z, 1. c; 
Kaiser, 1. c] 

Burning all around the scrobiculus cordis. 
495. Burning pain in the stomach. [Ebers, 1. c.^] 

Burning in the stomach like fire. [Richard, 1. c] 

Constant burning and severe constriction in the stomach and 
in the chest. [Borges in Kopp' s Jahrb., 1. c.^] 

Burning in the stomach, with pressure as from a load. 
[MORGAGNI, 1. c] 

Burning in the scrobiculus cordis, with pressive pain. 
[GOERITZ, 1. c] 
500 Constriction in the scrobiculus cordis \Hbg^ 

Great distress about the region of the scrobiculus cordis. 
[MoRGAGNi, 1. c. ; Jacobi and others.] 

Wails and lamentations about an indescribable distress in the 
region of the scrobiculus cordis, without distension or colic. 

[MORGAGNI, 1. C.^] 

Distress in the scrobiculus cordis, rising up from it, at night. 

In the liver, a squeezing pressure, on taking a walk. 
505. The spleen, indurated before, now swells. \Hg^ 

Stitches in the side of the abdomen, under the short ribs, and 
he cannot lie on his side. 

In the region of the kidneys, stitches, when respiring and 
when sneezing. 

Pains in the abdomen of the most violent kind. [Dan 
Crueger, Misc. N. C. Dec. II., Ann. 4, O. 12.-'] 

Excessive bellyache and pains in the stomach. [Wolff, 1. c] 
510. Exceedingly disagreeable sensation in the whole of the abdo- 
men. [MORGAGNI, 1. c] 

Pains in the h3^pogastrium, with heat in the face. 

Violent pain in the region of the right epigastrium. [MoR- 
GAGNI, 1. c] 

Pain in the right epigastrium and the neighboring inguinal 
regions, which extends thence at times through the hypogastrium, 
at times into the right side of the flanks and the scrotum, like a 
renal colic; but with unchanged urine. [Morgagni, 1. c] 

Roving pains in the abdomen, with diarrhoea and pains in the 
anus. [Morgagni, 1. c] 
515. The pain in the abdomen establishes itself in the left side of 
the belly. 

1 Not found. — Hughes. 

- Poisoniug- of an adult. — Hughes. 

3 Unsaeglich, indescribable, is in the I^atin " inexplicabilis."— //'?<^A^5. 

^Poisoning oi Si^wW..— Hughes. 


Pain, as if the upper part of the body was altogether cut off 
from the abdomen, with great anguish and lamentation over it. 
[Alberti, 1. c, Tom. IV.^ 

Violent pains in the abdomen, with so great anguish that he 
had no rest anywhere, rolled about on the ground, and gave up all 
hope of living. [Pyl, 1. c.] 

Fullness in the region of the epigastrium, with griping in the 

Distension and pains in the abdomen. [MuELLER, 1. c.]. 
520. Severe, painless distension of the abdomen after eating; he 
had to lean his back against something to ease himself. 

Bloatedness every morning, with passage of flatus a few hours 

Swollen abdomen. [Guilbert, 1. c.^] 

The abdomen enormously swollen. \Ephem. N. C, 1. c] 

As if there were cramps and griping in the abdomen, in the 
evening, after lying down, with breaking out of perspiration; then 
passage of flatus and very thin stool. 
525. Spasmodic jerk, frequently, from the scrobiculus cordis to the 
rectum, which makes him start. 

Squeezing, cutting pains in the bowels, in the evening after 
lying down, and in the morning after rising; at times the pains 
shoot through the abdominal ring (as if they would force out a 
hernia) as far as the spermatic cord and the perinaeum; when this 
colic ceases a loud rumbling and grumbling ensues. 

Colics, returning from time to time. [Majauet, 1. c.^] 

Pinching pain, aggravated even to cutting, deep in the hypo- 
gastrium, every morning, before and during the diarrhceic stools, 
and continuing also after them. 

Cutting pain in the abdomen. [Buchhoez, 1. c. ; Kellner, 
1. c] 
530. Cutting pain in the side of the abdomen, below the last ribs, 
very much aggravated by touching them. 

Cutting (tearing) and gnawing pains in the bowels and the 
stomach. [Queemaez, 1. c.*] 

Cutting and tearing in the abdomen, with icy coldness of the 
hands and feet and col(f perspiration of the face. [Aeberti, 1. c] 

Tearing in the abdomen. [Pfann, 1. c. ; Alberti, 1. c] 

Tearing stitches in the left side of the abdomen, under the 
short ribs, in the evening soon after lying down. 
535. Drawing pains in the abdomen, in the umbilical region (^aft. 
2 h.). 

Drawing and pressing in the abdomen, as from obstructed 
flatus, and yet none passed off. {Whl.'\ 

Twisting together of the intestines, and cutting in the belly, 
after previous rumbling there; then three diarrhceic stools. 

Contortion of the intestines, and squeezing and rumbling in 
the abdomen, before and during the liquid stool. \_^f>'-^ 

1 Add " p. 260." — Hughes. 

2 " Abdomen was also painful."— //«?7/ri-. 
^ Not found. — Hughes. 

^Instead of tearing more literally in the original " lancinating." — //«.c/""-''". 


Burrowing, with pressure, in the right side of the abdomen. 


540. Twisting cohc. [Richard, 1. c.^] 

Twisting and griping in the abdomen. [Kaiser, 1. c.] 

Dysenteric cohc in the umbiHcal region. [Grimm, 1. c.^] 

Uneasiness in the abdomen, but only during rest. 

Anxious feehng in the abdomen, with fever and thirst. 
[MORGAGNI, 1. c] 
545. Constant chilliness, internally, in the epigastric region; 
he cannot keep himself warm enough; externally the place feels 

Burning pain in the abdomen, at noon and in the afternoon, 
passing off with the discharge of a stool. 

Burning in the abdomen, with stitches and cutting. [Buch- 
hoIvZ, Beitr., 1. c] 

Burning in the abdomen, with heat and thirst. [AlbERTi, 
1. c] 

Burning in the flanks. {/^bg.'\ 
550. In the groin and the inguinal region of the right side, pain in 
stooping, as from a sprain. 

Burrowing, burning pain in the inguinal tumor, excited even 
b}^ the lightest touch. 

Single, severe, slow stitches in both flanks. 

Weakness of the abdominal muscles. 

Rumbling in the abdomen, as if from much flatus. 
555. Growling in the stomach, in the morning on awaking. 

Rumbling in the abdomen. [ThilEnius, 1. c] 

Rumbling in the abdomen, without stool. 

The flatus tends to pass upward and causes eructations. 

Passage of much flatus, with previous loud growling in the 
abdomen. \_Lgh.'] 
560. Putrid smelling flatus (aft. 11 h.). \_Lgh.'] 

(Clotted, insufficient stool). 

Constipation. [GoERiTz, 1. c; Rau, 1. c.^] 

Constipated abdomen. 

Constipation, with pain in the abdomen. [^Htb. u. Tr^] 
565. Retention of stool, despite of violent 4irging. [Ai^berti, 1. c] 

Fruitless urging to stool. 

Tenesmus, with burning. [Morgagni, 1. c] 

Tenesmus, as in dysentery; a constant burning, with pain 
and straining in the rectum and anus. 

Unperceived discharge of stool, as if it were flatus. 
570. Stools pass without his knowledge. [Buettner, 1. c.^] 

Involuntary passage of faeces. [KaiseR, 1. c] 

Copious stools. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Pappy fasces pass, now more, now less (aft. 6, 13 h.). \Lgh^ 

Diarrhoea. [Majaui^T, 1. c; Kei^i^ner, 1. c] 
575. Diarrhoea, which frequently becomes very severe. [Kaiser, 

1 Not found. — Hughes. 

2 The Latin is " tormina circum umbilicum."— i/n^/zc^. 
=^In Rau's case, " for four days.''— Hiighes. 

* Observations on a patient. Hug hes . 
» Not found.— H7tg/ies. 


Diarrhoea, with violent burning in the anus. [Thilenius, 

Diarrhoea, alternating with constipation. \_S^/.^ 

Yellow, watery, scanty diarrhoeic stools, with subsequent 
tenesmus, as if more stool would pass, and painful colic about the 
navel. [5//".] 

Yellow, diarrhoeic stool, with tenesmus and burning pains in 
the rectum and anus. 
580. Small stools, with tenesmus, first with dark-green faeces then 
of dark-green mucus, with previous colic. 

Evacuation of lumps of mucus, with tenesmus, with cutting 
pains in the anus, as of blind piles. 

Mucous, thin stools, as if hacked. 

Mucous and green evacuations. [Philknius, 1. c] 

Viscid, bilious matter is often discharged with the stool, for 
two days. [Philknius, 1. c.^] 
585. Greenish, dark-brown, diarrhoeic stool, with a smell as of fetid 
ulcers. [^^.] 

A black fluid, burning in the anus like fire, is discharged after 
much restlessness and pain in the abdomen. [Richard, 1. c] 

Black, acrid, putrid stools. [Bayliks, 1. c] 

A spherical lump, which seemed to consist of undigested 
tallow with layers of tendinous matter, went off with the stool. 
[MORGAGNI, 1. C.^] 

Watery blood is discharged with the faeces and envelops 
590. Bloody discharge with the stool, almost every moment, with 
vomiting and excessive colicky pains. [Grimm, 1. c] 

Dysentery. [Cruegkr, 1. c] 

Before the diarrhoeic stool, cutting and contortion in the 

Before the diarrhoeic stool, sensation as if he would burst. 
[Aeberti, 1. c] 

During the stool, painful contraction close above the anus, 
toward the small of the back. 
595. After the stool, cessation of the colic. [Richard, 1. c] 

After the stool, burning in the rectum, with great weakness 
and trembling in all the limbs. 

After the stool, distension of the abdomen. 

After the stool, palpitation and tremulous weakness; he has 
to lie down. 

The rectum is spasmodically protruded and pressed out, with 
great pains. 
600. After a flow of blood from the anus, the rectum continues to 

Itching of the anus. 

Scraping or erosive pain in the anus, with itching. 

Pain of the anus as of soreness, on being touched. 

Burning in the anus. 
605. Burning in the anus. [Morgagni, 1. c] 

1 Not found.— Hng-hes. 

-Instead of " tallow," we may translate " fat"— f/ii^/ies. 


Burning in the anus, for one hour, going off after the dis- 
charge of a hard, clotted stool. 

The hemorrhoidal veins are painfully swollen, with tenesmus. 
[MORGAGNI, 1. c] 

Blind piles, with pains like slow pricks with a hot needle. 

Varices on the anus, with pricking pain, when walking and 
sitting, not during the stool. 
6io. Hemorrhoidal lumps at the anus, which, especiall}^ at 
night, pain and burn like fire and permit no sleep; during the 
day the pain becomes aggravated and changes into violent stitches; 
worse when walking than when sitting or lying down. 

On the perinaeum eroding itching, compelling him to scratch 
(aft. % h.). \Lgh^, 

Suppression of urine. [Guilbert, 1. c. ; A^. Wahrn., 1. c] 

Retention of urine, as from paralysis of the bladder. 

Retention of urine despite of internal urging to urinate. 
[Alberti, 1. c] 
615. Frequent urging to urinate, with copious flow of urine (aft. 
2 to 17 h.). lLgh:\ 

Urging to urinate every minute, with burning in the bladder. 

He has to rise at night three or four times to urinate, and each 
time he passes a good deal, for several da^^s in succession. 

Involuntary micturition at night, when sleeping, wetting the 
bed. [//^.] 

Involuntar}^ micturition. [Kaiser, 1. c] 
620. Involuntary micturition; she could not get to the utensil be- 
fore the urine ran from her, though it was but a little. 

Diminished micturition. [FoweER, 1. c.-^] 

But little water passes, and it scalds during the flow. 

Increase of urine. [Fowler, 1. c.^] 

Very copious and burning hot urine. \Hg.^ 
625. Almost colorless urine. 

Exceedingly turbid urine (aft. 5 d.). 

Greenish, dark-brown urine, turbid already when passed, like 
cow-dung stirred into w^ater, without settling. {HgP^ 

Bloody urine. [O. Tachenius, Hipp. chym. cap., 24.^] 

When beginning to urinate, burning in the anterior part of the 
urethra; in the morning, (aft. 24 h.). 
630. During micturition, burning in the urethra [Morgagni, 
1. c; A^. Wahrji, 1. c] 

During micturition, contractive pain in the left iliac region. 

After micturition, sensation of great weakness in the epigas- 
trium, so that she trembled. 

In the urethra, a stinging pain. 

Frequent pain, like tearing, deep in the urethra. 
635. In the genitals, itching. 

Burning anteriorly on the prepuce, with erection. 

Stinging itching, anteriorly on the prepuce. 

Severe itching on the glans, without erection. 

1 " Sometimes," Fowler says ; but of § 623, he saj-s, " rAten."— Hughes. 
-From, inhaliug sublimated Ars. — Hughes. 


Eroding itching posteriorly on the penis, compelling him to 
scratch. \_Lo/i.'] 
640. Inflammation and swelling of the genitals, even to mor- 
tification, with excessive pains. [Dkgnkr, Ad. Nat. C. VI., app., 
pp. 8, 9.T 

Sudden mortification of the male genitals. [Stahl, Opusc. 
chym. phys. vied., p. 454.^] 

Exceedingly painful swelling of the genitals. [A^. Wahrn, 1. c] 

The glans is bluish-red, swollen and cracked in chaps. 
[Pfann, 1. c] 

Swelling of the testicles. [AlbkrTi, 1. c.^] 
645. Erection in the morning without pollution. \_Lgh.'] 

Pollution at night, with voluptuous dreams. [_Lg-h,'] 

Pollution, at night, without voluptuous dreams, followed by 
long continued erection. \_Lgh.'] 

Emission of prostatic juice during a diarrhoeic stool. 

Sexual furor in a woman; she desires coitus twice a day, and 
when it is not accorded, a discharge takes place of itself. 
650. Menses too early. 

The menses set in twice too early, returning in twenty days. 

Menstruation too profuse. 

During the menses, pinching, lancinating cutting from the 
scrobiculus cordis down to the hypogastrium, also in the back and 
in the sides of the abdomen; she had to bend herself double, stand- 
ing and cowering down, with loud eructation and with loud groan- 
ing, wailing and w^eeping. 

During the menses, sharp stitches from the rectum into the 
anus and the pudenda. 
655. Instead of the menses, which were suppressed, she had pains 
in the region of the anus and the shoulders. [_Sr.'] 

After the menses, a flow of bloody mucus. 

A discharge of leucorrhoea while standing, with discharge of 
flatus (aft. 24 h.). 

Discharge from the vagina about a cupful in t went}'- four 
hours of yellowish, thickish matter, with smarting erosion and 
excoriation of all the parts it touches; for ten da^^s. 

Stitches from the hypogastrium down into the vagina. 

^ ^ ^ l^ ' ^ -^ >fC ^|i 

660. Frequent sneezing, without coryza (aft. 11 h.). \_Loh.'] 

Severe, continuous sneezing. 

Dryness of the nasal cavity. 

Coryza, with sneezing, quickly transient; ever}' morning on 

Fluent coryza, with frequent sneezing (aft. 11 h.). [^Lgh.'] 
665. Severe, fluent corj^za. 

Fluent coryza, combined with dr}^ coryza. 

Excessive coryza, with hoarseness and sleeplessness. 

The watery nasal-mucus discharged smarts and burns 
in the nostrils, as if they became sore from it. 

1 Effects of applying solution of Ars. for itch, in two men. — Hugfu's. 

2 The " Brand " mortification, is sphacclatio. Toisoning- of two i\i\\\\\s.—Hngfu-s. 
^It was the scrotum, not the testicles, that was swollen. — Hug/us. 


Flow of an acrid liquid from the nose. [Myrrhen, 1. c.] 
670. Dryness of the larjmx. 

The voice is tremulous. [Guilbert, 1. c] 

The voice unequal, now strong, now weak. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Rough voice and hoarseness. 

Roughness and hoarseness of the throat, in the morning. 
675. Ver3^ viscid mucus on the chest, difficult to cough up. 

Constant tickling in the whole of the windpipe, inciting to 
cough, even when not respiring. 

Cough, with a sensation of constriction in the upper part of 
the windpipe, as from vapors of sulphur. 

Frequently a quite dry, short, scratching cough, with a chok- 
ing sensation in the larynx, as from vapors of sulphur. 

Tussiculation, without expectoration, excited in the wind- 
pipe. iL^k.] ^ , ^ 
680. Cough without expectoration, after previous twitching m the 
hip, which seems to call it forth. 

Cough, especially after drinking. 

When he drinks, without being thirsty, it causes cough. 

Cough, causing him to lose his breath, on moving the body. 

Cough, when she comes into the cold, open air. 
685. On walking in the open air he feels choked, so that he has to 

Morning-cough, of a very severe kind. 

In the morning a short cough, after the (usual) drinking of 

In the evening, cough with asthma, without expectoration. 

In the evening, cough after lying down. 
690. In the evening, in bed, for several minutes, constant cough, 
with nausea and rising in the throat, as if to vomit. 

In the evening, just after lying down, cough, so that she has 
to sit up again; then a contractive pain in the region of the stom- 
ach and the scrobiculus cordis, which sustained the cough, until it 
made her weary. 

Nocturnal cough, causing him to sit up, as soon as it starts. 

The cough wakes him at night; severe fits, so that he felt like 
choking, and his throat swelled up. 

After midnight, deep, dry, short, incessant cough. 
695. Dry tussiculation. [Stcerk, 1. c] 

Dry, fatiguing cough. [Stgerk, 1. c] 

Dry, very violent cough (aft. 2 h.). 

Dry, retching cough, with short, difl&cult breathing, and a 
pain in the scrobiculus cordis, even to the middle of the chest, as 
if from a festering sore, 

A croaking cough, the mucus loosened with difficulty, causing 
a pain on the chest, as from chaps. 
700. Tussiculation, with pain on the chest and salt}- expectoration, 
after previous tightness of the chest. [Ebers, 1. c.^] 

Bloody streaks in the mucus that is coughed up. 

Expectoration of mucus, with bloody streaks, then nausea. 

1 As sympt. %i.~Hughes. 


With severe coughing, much water comes out of the mouth, 
as from waterbrash. 

In coughing, a pain, as from a bruise or a contusion in the 
705. In coughing, a lancinating pain in the scrobiculus cordis. 

In clearing the throat, a drawing, lancinating pain under the 
left h3^pochondrium up into the chest. 

In coughing, increased stitches under the ribs and increased 
headache, as from heat therein. 

In coughing, heat in the head. 

In coughing, stitches, first in the side of the chest and then 
(after two da3^s) also in the side of the abdomen. 
710. In coughing, a lancinating pain up into the sternum. 

Immediately after coughing, the breath is always short, 
as if it drew the whole chest together. 

The breath very short. \Htb. u. Tr}^ 

Painful respiration. [A^. Wahrn, 1. c] 

Difficult respiration. [Tachknius, 1. c.'] 
715. Difficult breathing with great anguish. [Kaiskr, 1. c] 

Anxious, groaning breathing. [GuiiyBKRT, 1. c.^] 

Frequent, distressing, pressive dyspnoea in all positions. 

Severe oppression of breathing. [Pyi,, 1. c.^] 

Asthma of long duration. [GukIvDENKlkk, 1. c] 
720. Asthma returning frequently. [Morgagni, 1. c] 

Asthma, when he gets vexed. 

Asthma as from anguish, when he has tired himself out. 

Tightness of the chest. [Rau, 1. c.^] 

Tightness of the chest, dyspnoea. [Thii^knius, 1. c] 
725. Tightness in the region of the sternum makes breathing diffi- 
cult, for eight days. 

Tightness of the chest, when walking fast, when coughing or 
going up stairs. 

Breathing is checked by pain in the scrobiculus cordis. 

Breathing is checked by an intolerable anguish and a verj^ 
distressing sensation in the abdomen, causing piteous wailings. 
[Morgagni, 1. c] 

His breath leaves him at once in the evening, if he gets into 
bed ever so carefully and lies down, and there is as fine whistling 
in the constricted windpipe as if a fine string (in an instrument) 
730. Constriction of the chest. (Prkussius, 1. c] 

Constriction of the chest, so that he could hardly speak a 
word, and almost fainted (3d d.). \Htb. u. 7>.^] 

Constant contraction of the chest and tussiculation. {^Htb. u. 

As from compression of the chest, his breath is rendered diffi- 
cult during the abdominal pains. 

1 As sympt. 261.— Hughes. 

2 See sympt. 62^.—-Hug/ies. 

3 Literally, " breathing? difficult, aud often interrupted by s\§,)\s.—Hi((>fu's. 
*For a long time. — Hughes. 

5 Latin is : " anxietates pectoris."— /iT?/^?-/?*^^. 

* Both these are Schlegel's, see § 183.— Hughes. 



Grievous anguish as if everA'thing was being constricted, with 
anguish in the scrobiculus cordic. 
735. Constriction of the chest with great anguish and restlessness, 
in the evening. 

Tightness of the chest, threatening suffocation, for one hour. 
[Greiselius, 1. c.^] 

Asthma (angina pectoris) ; her breath constantl}' grows weaker 
and shorter, so that she can only, by leaning her chest forward, 
breathe and speak ver^' low. [ W/i/.~\ 

She thinks ever}^ moment that she will suffocate, attended vnih 
so great a weakness that she is unable to breathe deeph\ [ Whl.'] 

Sudden tightness of the chest, threatening suffocation, with 
dyspnoea, when walking, with weakness and extreme exhaustion. 
[Majault, 1. c.^] 
740. Catarrh threatening sudden suffocation, at night. 
[Myrrhen, 1. c] 

He is about to suffocate, his tongue sticks out. [Wedel, 1. c] 

Suffocating rheum. \_Misc. n. e., Dec. III., an. 9, 10.^] 

Pains in the chest. [Pearson, 1. c] 

Severe pains in the chest. \N. Wahrn., 1. c] 
745. Interior pains in the upper part of the chest (aft. 5 h.). 

Tensive pain in the chest, chief!}' while sitting. 

Pressure on the chest. [Buchholz, Beitr.^ 1. c] 

Stitches in the side, under the short ribs, and he can not lie 
on this side. 

Stitches in the upper right part of the chest, especiall}^ in 
breathing, as it were a pressure ending in a stitch (aft i^ h.). 
750. Stitches in the left breast, when taking a deep breath, com- 
pelling him to cough. 

Stitches in the left breast, only when expiring, which is thus 
rendered difficult. \Lgh7\ 

Dull stitches in the chest on stooping. 
• Stitching tearing pain in the uppermost right rib. 

Formication in the chest. 
755. Sensation of soreness and rawness in the chest. 

A sensation of coldness internally in the chest, in the 
evening, also after supper. 

Great heat in the chest, extending into the midriff. [Hbg.'] 

Burning in the chest. [Stoerk, 1. c] 

Burning in the region of the sternum, long continued. 
[Stoerk, 1. c] 
760. Burning in the right side of the chest, extending into the 
flanks, where there is a pressure. {_Hbg.~\ 

The beat of the heart is excited. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Palpitation of the heart. [Majault, 1. c] 

Excessive, very burdensome palpitation. [5//".] 

Violently raging palpitation. [Kaiser, 1. c] 
765. AVhen he lies on his back, his heart beats much more quickly 
and strongh'. \_Stf.'] 

iln self, from inhaling vapors. — Hughes. 

- [Latter part of symptom should be: '"With much lassitude and oppression in breathino- 
m walking."]— //^?/o-A^.<r. ^^ "^ " a 

3 Same case aslMYRRHE>''s (see S. 14), and same symptom as S. i^o— Hughes. 


Irregular heart-beat, but so strong that he thinks he can hear 
it, at 3 o'clock at night, with anguish. [Mr.'] 

Violent palpitation, at night, [i^/zr.] 

Yellow spots externally on the chest. [WbdeIv, 1. c] 

I^ack of strength in the small of the back. 
770. Painful stiffness in the small of the back, all the day. 

Pain in the small of the back as from a bruise. 

Pain in the back, with restlessness and anxiety. [BuETTNER, 
1. c] 

Stiffness in the spine, extending up from the coccyx. 

Pain in the back as from a bruise, and over the scapulae as if 
beaten (aft. 4 d.). 
775. Drawing pain in the back, in the forenoon (aft. 6 d.). 

Drawing, up and down the back. 

Drawing pain between the scapulae, compelling him to lie 

Drawing pain in the back, from the small of the back into the 
shoulders, with stitches in the sides, while flatus moves about in 
the abdomen, pressing upward; then eructation and relief. 

Strongly clucking motion in the muscles of the left side of the 
back, only when lying on the right side (aft. 3 h.). \_Lg-/t.'] 
780. In the nape of the neck, stiffness, as if bruised or from over- 
lifting, with a like pain above the hips; at night and in the 

In the neck, tensive stiffness. \_B/ir.'] 

Distortion of the cervical muscles. [MuTTKR, 1. c.^] 

Swelling of the external neck, without pain. lSt/.~\ 

The artery of the left side of the neck swelled out extraordi- 
narily, on stooping. [i5/zr.] 
785. Itching on the neck, below the jaw. 

Colorless, smarting eruption all around the neck, on the 
shoulders and in the sides. \_Fr. H.~\ 

Soreness in the axillae. [Keingk, in Hiifel. Jotirii., VI., p. 
904. T 

Tearing, stitching pain in the right axilla. 

Swelling of the glands in the axilla. [_Hg.'] 
790. In the arms, drawing pains. [Z^^.] 

Pain in the arm, on the side on which he is lying, at 

Tearing in the arms, especial^ in the elbow and wrist, at 
night, in bed. 

The right arm goes to sleep, when he sleeps on the right side. 

A painful lump on the right arm. [N. Wahni., 1. c] 
795. On the fore-arm, near the wrist, eroding itching, impelling to 
scratch. [Lgh.'] 

The hands are stiff and void of feeling. [Pyl, 1. c.^] 

Drawing pain in both wrists, every evening. 

Drawing pain in the metacarpal bones, in the morning. 

1 Not found. — Hughes. 

2 Obsei-vations on miners in Ars. — Hi(gJics. 
^ For a long time. — Hughes. 


Tearing stitches in the bones of the hand and of the httle 
800. Cramp in the hand on moving it. 

Cold hands. IStf.'] 

Painful swelling of the hands. [A^. Waln^7i., \. c.'\ 

Severe formication in the hands, at night. 

Fine tickling in the left palm, compelling to scratch. [Lgh.'] 
805. lyittle lumps, tubercles on the hands. [A^. Wahrn., 1. c] 

lyarge suppurating boil on the hand, between the thumb and 
index, very broad, pale red, and extremely painful, especially in 
the evening. \Hg^ 

The finger- joints are painful on moving them. 

Cramp in the fingers of the right hand, when he stretches 
them straight out. 

Cramp in the fingers, especially at night, in bed. 
810. Painful cramp in the posterior joints of all the fingers. 

Painful cramp in the tips of the fingers, from morning till 
noon (aft. 5 d.). 

Rigidity of the fingers as if they were stiff. 

Drawing pain in the middle fingers. 

Drawing twitching, and tearing from the finger-tips up into 
the shoulders. 
815. Tickling itching on the right middle finger, compelling him 
to scratch. \Lgh^ 

Hard swelling of the fingers, with pains in their bones. \Hg^^ 

Discolored nails. [Bayi^ies, 1. c] 

Gout in the hips. [BoRELLUS, hist, et obs., Cent. III., 
obs. 36. T 

Violent, drawing tearing pain in the hips and in the left foot, 
in the morning, after a sleepless night (3d d.). \Htb. u. Tr.'^] 
820. In the lower limbs, especially in the joints, violent pains. 
[Majault, 1. c] 

Unbearable pains in the lower limbs. \_//tb. u. Tr.~\ 

Drawing tearing in the lower limbs, from the front side of the 
thigh to the knee and ankle-joint, when walking. 

Tearing in the lower limbs, especially in the joints of the 
knees and the feet, only in motion. 

Tearing in the lower limbs. [Pyl, 1. c] 
825. Tearing in the lower limbs, from above downward; he could 
not tread, nor sit, nor lie, either in bed or on a bench, but had 
either to keep the foot swinging to and fro, day and night, or limp 
around with it, not being able to rest; worse at night. 

Tearing stitches as if in the periosteum, down the whole lower 
limb, even to the tip of the big toe. 

Restlessness in the lower limbs, so that he can not lie still at 
night; he had to lay his feet now here, now there, or walk about 
for relief. 

Restlessness in the lower limbs, before going to sleep, passing 
off when lying down. 

1 From carrying Ars. in the—IItco^kes. 

2 As sympt. 183. — Hughes. 


Formication in the lower limbs, as if from going to sleep. 
830. Cramp, spasm in the lower limbs. [Pyl, 1. c] 

With a spasmodic pain, certain bundles of muscles in the 
thighs and in the calves contracted, and the toes were drawn back- 
w^ard, making him very tired, in the evening, in bed. 

Spasmodic pain in certain spots in the muscles of the thighs 
and legs, in jerks, with twitching; on touching it, it feels like 
something alive. 

Convulsions of the lower limbs and knees. [Ai,bkrti, 1. c] 

Weariness in the lower limbs. 
835. Sensation as if the lower limbs were about to give way, on 
going up stairs. \Htb. u. Tr.^'] 

Paralysis of the lower limbs. [Ebers, 1. c.^] 

Coldness of the lower limbs, especially of the knees and feet, 
with cold perspiration on them; they could not get warm. 

Swelling of the lower limbs, with unbearable pains. [Htb. 
u. Tr.'] 

On the thighs, eroding itching, impelling to scratch (aft. 13 
h.). ILgfi] 
840. Eroding itching on the right thigh, near the groin, with inci- 
tation to scratching (aft. 4^ h.). 

Soreness between the thighs, with itching. [Klingk, 1. c] 

About the knees, sensation as if the lower limbs were tightly 
bandaged there. 

Tension in the houghs, as if the tendons were too short, when 
sitting and standing, but not in walking. 

Pain, as from bruising, on the side of the knee, only when 
touched, and in sitting, not when walking; a sensation as if the 
flesh there was detached. 
845. Pain in the left knee, as if from a bruise or a sprain, especially 
on rising from a seat. 

Stitching pain in the knees (aft. 2 h.). [Richard, 1. c] 

Weakness in the knees, so that he could only with difficulty 
seat himself. 

Great want of firmness in the right knee, it gives way under 

Paralysis of knees. [J. B. MonTAnus, in Schenk's lib. 7 obs. 
850. In the right leg, drawing tearing, from the hough down into 
the heel, as if from a sprain. 

Drawing pain in the legs, when they rest perpendicularly in 

Drawing, tearing and twitching in the leg, from the ankle up 
into the knee. 

Twitching in the legs, in the afternoon, when sitting. 

Sharp, tearing drawing in the tibia. 
855. Single, sharp tearings in the tibia, making him cry out. 

Tearing pain in the right calf, when sitting (^aft. 11 h.\ 

1 As in symp. 183. — Hi/j^/irs. 

2 Not found. — Hito^Iics. 
^Poisoning of a woman. — Hug/ws. 


Tearing stitches low down on the inner side of the leg, in a 
small spot. 

Boring pain in the right tibia. 

Pressive pain in the calves. 
860. Spasmodic pain in the leg, in the morning, changing into a 
tingling and humming therein. 

Cramp in the calf, when walking (aft. 2 h.). 

Cramp in the calves, chiefly at night, in bed. 

Hardness in the calf, and sensation as if pressed flat, with un- 
bearable pain, almost like cramp, from which she screamed for one 
and one-half hours; the whole leg was cold, insensible and stiff, so 
that she could not move it at all; there remained tension in the 
calf, and a sort of parah^sis in the leg (aft. 50 h.). 

Paralj'sis of the legs, so that he can scarcel}^ walk. [FoR- 
ESTUS, 1. c] 
865. Heaviness of the legs, so that he can scarcelj^ lift them. 

Heaviness, weariness and drawing in the legs, with knuckling, 
lack of firmness and weakness of the knees, chiefly in the morning. 

Emaciation of the legs. [Majauet, 1. c] 

Swelling of the legs up above the calves; preceded by tearing 
in the calves, passing off on applying warm cloths. 

Twitching pains, from above downwards, in the legs. [-^^.] 
870. Ulcer on the left leg, below the knee. [>^^.] 

Ulcer on the leg, covered with a gra}^ scurf, burns painfully 
and has an inflamed border. 

Pains in the feet. [GueedenkleE, 1. c] 

Painfullness of the ankles on being touched. \Htb. u. T7\^~\ 

Pains of the heels, in the morning on awaking, as if thej^ had 
lain on a hard surface. 
875. The pains of the feet are aggravated bj^ motion, [^/zr.] 

Pain in the ankle-joint, above on the instep, as if ricked or 
sprained, when treading. 

Pain in the foot, as from a sprain, when she does not set it 
down right or makes a misstep. lB/ir.~\ 

Drawing in the foot, so that he cannot keep it still; at the 
same time he cannot step quickly, but only verv^ gently and care- 

Tearing in the ankles. 
880. Tearing in the heels. [B/ir.'j 

Tearing around the ankles and on the dorsum of the feet, 
when lying down, with nausea. 

Tearing and stitches in both the ankle-joints; when treading 
and walking, shooting pains, as if the feet were sprained, so that 
she is likely to fall; the ankles pain as if sore, when touched. 

Lancinating pains on the outer border of the foot. 

Stitches in the sole of the foot (aft. i}4 h.). 
885. Stitches on the bottom of the left heel, when treading, ex- 
tending up into the thigh. 

Numb pains in the right foot; she can onh^ lift it up, when 
sitting, b}' raising it up with her hand. \_B/i7^.^ 

1 As sympt. 1S3. — Hughes. 


Numbness, stiffness and insensibility of the feet, with swelling 
and great pain, from time to time. [Pyl, 1. c] 

Paralj'sis of the feet, after vomiting. [Cardanus, in vol. 
VII of Opera omiiia Leyde7i, i66j}~\ 

Cold feet, continually, when he is sitting still; he can hardlj^ 
warm them in bed. 
890. Coldness of the feet, with contracted pulse. [Morgagni, 1. 
•c, §8.] 

Sensation of cold in the soles of the feet. 

Swelling of the feet. [Jacobi, 1. c.J 

Swelling of the ankles, without redness, with tearing pains, 
relieved by external warmth. 

Shining hot swelling of the feet, up above the ankles, wnth 
round red spots, which cause a burning pain (aft. 3d.). 
895. Hard reddish blue, greenish-yellow and very painful swelling 
on both feet (aft. 28 d.). [Htb. u. Tr.'] 

Itching on the swelling of the feet. 

The skin of the soles of the feet becomes insensible, thick as 
cork, and the soles chap. \_J^g.^ 

Blisters break out in the night over the whole of the soles of 
the feet, as from applying cantharides; they crack open, discharg- 
ing light-yellow fetid water. \_Hg.~\ 

Ulcers on the heels, with bloody pus. [Guilbert, 1. c.^] 
900. All the toes become stiff, so that she could not tread. [^H'g.'] 

Tickling, running itching on the right big toe, as when a 
wound is healing, compelling him to scratch (aft. 1% h.). \_Lgh.'] 

All her limbs ache. 

All his limbs ache, whether walking, sitting or lying down. 

Excessive pains in the limbs. [Pfaun, 1. c] 
905. Pains in the whole body, chiefly in the evening. [_Sr.'] 

Indescribably painful, excessively disagreeable sensation of 
illness in all the limbs. 

Pain in the whole trunk, mostly in the back and in the 
sacrum, especially after riding on horseback (in a good rider.) 

Gouty pains in the limbs, without inflammation. 

Numb pain on the whole side of the bod5^ [Bhr.'] 
910.' Drawing pains in the joints of the knees, of the feet and of 
the hands. 

Drawing pains, in the evening, in bed, in the middle finger 
and in the foot. 

Severe tearing in the arms and lower limbs, while he 
cannot at all lie on the painful, side; most endurable while 
moving the suffering part to and fro. 

Tearing pains in the long bones. 

Tearing pains in the bones. \_Bhr.'\ 
915. Sudden, tearing twitching or lancination, changing into 
burning, in the thumb or in the big toe, in the morning, in bed. 

A thumping and tearing pain drawing up from the abdomen 
toward the head, where it was still more severe; then into the left 

1 General statement from authors. — Hughes. 
-Assympt. 183.— y///»7^<■.s^ 

•"^ "Blutigein Kiter" (bloody pus), is "ichorose stolT" in the original; /. <-., ichorous tnat- 
ter. — Hughes. 


side, where it was a lancinating, jerking pain, with two or three 

Throbbing, drawing and stitching pain, at night, in the back, 
the sacrum and in the legs. 

Beating in all the limbs and also in the head. 

Burning pains, chiefly in the inner organs, in the skin 
and in ulcers. 
920. Burning pains. [Quelmalz, 1. c, and others.] 

Burning, eroding pains. [Preussius, 1. c; Gabezius, 1. c.^] 

In the suffering part, pain, as if the bone there was rubbed 
sore and swollen; perceptible when seated. 

Ulcerous pain in the suffering parts, as if it was suppurating 
and would break open; sensible while sitting. 

The pain in the suffering part wakes him up during the night, 
from time to time, especially before midnight. 
925. The pains are felt during the night, even in the midst 
of the sleep. 

The pains seem to the patient unbearable and make him 

The pains and ailments frequently return, like intermittent 
fever, at certain hours. 

Renewal of the same arsenical ailments, after the type of the 
quartan fever, at the same hour. [Morgagni, 1. c.^] 

^A^ith the paroxysms of pain other secondary ailments 
frequently arise. 
930. To many ailments, a shiver is added. 

With the pains, a shaking chill, and after them thirst. 

With the outset of the pains, heat of the face and the body. 

With the outset of the pains, roaring in the ears. 

In ailments which are even slight, an excessive pros- 
tration and sinking of strength. 
935. Many ailments only come on in the evening, after lying 
down; some a few hours after midnight, not a few in the morning 
after getting up. 

After dinner, especially while sitting, many pains see re- 
newed or aggravated. 

The talking of others to him is intolerable, because it 
enormously aggravates his pains. 

The ailments chiefly appear when sitting and lying 
down, and are diminished by standing and by motion. 

Only by walking about can he make the nightly pains en- 
durable; when sitting, and most of all in lying still, they are not 
to be endured. 
940. The pains may almost always be relieved by external 

By compressing the suffering parts, the pains are diminished 
and relieved. 

During a sitting occupation, such uneasy restlessness in the 
body that she must rise and walk about. 

No reference for Gabezius, and he cannot be tra.cQd..~Hiighes. 
This recurrence took place once only.— H2fghes. 


In the evening from 6 to 8 o'clock, violent pressing and 
squeezing in the head, excessive lack of appetite, transient per- 
spiration and great anguish. 

Great weariness and anxiety; she cannot recollect; it is 
difficult for her to give attention to everything; at the same time 
she feels like reeling. 
945. Exhaustion when in ill-humor; with returning cheerfulness, 
she feels stronger. 

Exhaustion. [Buchholz, Beitr. 1. c] 

Fainting fits. [Buchholz, 1. c. Forestus and many others.] 

Violent swooning. {Gitilbert, 1. c. Morgagni, 1. c] 

Profound swoons. [Tennert. prax. rned. lit. 6., p. 6, 1. 9.] 
950. Frequent swoons with weak pulse (aft. 3 h.). [FereLius, 
1. c.'] 

Faint, in the morning, and aiixious and weak. 

Faintness comes on. [Friedrich, 1. c] 

Great weakness, especially in the legs. [Pyl, 1. c] 

Excessive weakness. [GoERiTz, 1. c] 
955. Sinking of the strength. [Stoerk, 1. c, Rau and many 

Extraordinary weakness, especially in the legs, which can 
hardly be moved along. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

The strength sinks more and more. KaiseR, 1. c] 

Weakness, as if from lack of nourishment; there was lack of 

The strength of the hands and feet seems to have, as it were, 
gone, and they are extremely tremulous in the morning. 
960. Extraordinary weakness in the knees, if he walks ever so 

Paralytic weakness of the limbs, daily at a certain time, as 
in intermittent fever. 

From weakness, walking becomes very difficult; he feels as if 
he should tumble down. \Hbg^ 

Weakness, so that he can hardly cross the room with- 
out sinking down. 

Great weakness, he cannot cross the room without sinking 
down. [►S//'.] 
965. Weakness, so that he could hardly cross the room. [Ebers, 
1. c] 

So weak, that he could not w^alk alone at all, before vomiting. 
[Alberti, 1. c] 

He falls down on attempting to walk, while retaining con- 
sciousness. [PyIv, 1. c] 

Extraordinary weakness and bruised feeling in the limbs, 
compelling him to lie down. [GoERiTz, 1. c] 

Weakness of the body for several days, with weak pulse, so 
that he has to lie down. [Wedel, 1. c] 
970. He must lie down and keep his bed. \_Fr. //.] 

Lj^ing down. [Alberti, I.e.] 

He lies down constantly during the day. 

iWith ^on\\\.\.\\%,.— Hughes 


He could not leave his bed, because of tremulous debilit}^ 
[Ebers, 1. c.'] 

He could hardly get up from bed for several daj^s. [Sf/.~\ 
975. He wants to get up, but on rising he cannot keep on his feet. 

When she rises from bed, she at once sinks down from weak- 
ness and dizziness, with aggravated headache. 

Merely from sinking of strength — death ensues, without 
vomiting and convulsions, and without pains. [Morgagni, 1. c. 
and several others.] 

With extreme asthenia, with violent vertigo, constant vomit- 
ing and hematuria; a rapid extinction of life (without cramps, 
without fever and without pain). [Haei^, Al/g-. Lit. Zeit., 18 15, 
No. 181.'] 

Emaciation. [Stoerk, 1. c; Jacobi, 1. c.^] 
980. Total emaciation. [Greiseeius 1. c] 

She becomes very much emaciated, with earth}^ sallow com- 
plexion; blue rings around the e3^es; great weakness in all the 
limbs; disinclination for all work, and constant inclination to 
rest (aft. 8 d). 

Emaciation of the whole bod}^, with profuse sweats. 

Consumption. [Majault, 1. c.^] 

Consumptive fever. [Stoerk, 1. c.^] 
985. Gradually wasted awa}^ (and died within a j^ear). [Amat. 
LusiT, 1. c] 

Consumption, ending in death. [Saezb, Med. Chir. Zeit.^'] 

Jaundice. [Majault, 1. c] 

Drops}^ of the skin. [Ebers, 1. c."] 

Complete general anasarca. [Ebers, 1. c, p. 56.] 
990. Severe swelling of the face and of the whole body. [Ker- 
nel, 1. c] 

Swelling of the whole right side of the body, down to the 
hips, with swelhng of the left leg. [Thilenius, 1. c] 

Swellings on various parts of the bod}^, of an elastic kind. 
[Fowler, 1. c] 

Swelling of the face and of the feet, dr3' mouth and lips, dis- 
tended abdomen, diarrhcea, colic, vomiting. [Ebers, 1. c.^] 

Cholera. [Wolff, 1. c.'] 
995. Cramps. [Henning 1 c. ; Kellner, 1. c] 

Tetanus. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Attacks of tetanus. [Salz M. C. F., I. c] 

With and without spasms — death. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Convulsions. [Crueger, 1. c; Wedel and others.] 
1000. Convulsions before death (after-effect?). [xVlberti, 1. c. ; 
BONETUS, 1. c] 

lAs symptoni 8i. — Hughes. 

2From inhaling arseniuretted hydrogen in a man. (Death did not occur tiU the 
seventh day. ) — Hughes. 

3 As symptom Si. — Hjighes. 

■^ With symptom 9S7. — Hughes. 

3 As syniptom Si.— Hughes. 

•^ From application of ars. to a fungus on the \\&a.6..— Hughes. 

' As symptom 81. — Hughes. 

* As sj-mptom 81. — Hughes. 

9 That" is constant vomiting and diarrhoea, with sharp nose, cold limbs, cramps and 
death. — Hughes. 


Convulsions of an extremely violent kind. [Van Eggern, 


Convulsions and piteous contortions of the limbs. [Mor- 
GAGNI, 1. c.] 

Convulsions, which are caused from time to time by violent 
pains in the soles of the feet. [Pfann, 1. c] 

Convulsive paroxj^sm; at first she struck outwards with the 
arms, then she lost all consciousness, lay like a dead person, pale, 
yet warm, turned her thumbs inw^ard, turned her clenched hands, 
slowly drew up her arms and then slowly laid them down; after 10 
minutes she drew the mouth hither and thither, as if she waggled 
her jaw; at the same time no respiration could be perceived; after 
a quarter of an hour the fit ended with a jerk throughout the 
w^hole body, like a single thrust forward with arms and feet, and 
at once her full consciousness returned, only great prostration 
1005. Epileptic convulsions. [Crueger, 1. c. ;Buettner, 1. c] 

Trembling of the limbs. [Bonetus, 1. c; GreiseLIUS and 
man}^ others.] 

Trembling. [Kaiser, 1. c] 

Trembling of the limbs, even after a moderate walk. S^Htb. 

Trembling and quivering with perspiration in the face. [Al- 
BERTi, 1. c] 
loio. Trembling over the whole body. [Guiebert, 1. c] 

He trembles in every part of the body. \HbgP^ 

Trembling in all the limbs. [ Justamond on Cane. Disorders, 
Eondon, 1750.^] 

Trembling of the limbs after the vomiting. [Carda- 
MUS, 1. c] 

Trembling of the arms and the lower limbs. 
1015. Stiffness and immovableness of all the joints. [Pet. de 
Appono, de venen, c. 17.] 

She becomes quite rigid, can not stir or move herself, but 
merely stand still. 

Stiffness of all the joints; he cannot stretch himself, because 
everything in the body is tense; the knees are so stiff and cold 
that he bandages them in cloths, as they else would pain him and 
disturb his sleep. \Hg?^ 

Stiffness and immovableness of the limbs with severe tearing 
pains. \Htb. ic. Tr.^~\ 

Stiffness, especially of the knees and feet, alternating with 
tearing pains. ^I/td. u. Tr^.~\ 
1020. As if paralyzed in all the limbs; he cannot iread firmly. 

Paralysis, he could not walk any more. [Creuger, 1. c.J 
Paralysis, contraction. (/VA de Appono. in Schexck, lib. 17, 
obs. 214). 

^ As sympt. 183. — Hughes. j> .^ «» 

2 From ars. given to a womnti with cancer on tongue. . For "on cane, disorders read 
" Surgical Fssaj's, p. ■},-x,z--''— Hughes. 
^Assj^mpt. iSt,.— Hughes. 


Contraction of the limbs. [Hammer in coimii. lit. Nor. I'j'j^. 
Hebd, 24. T 

Parah'sis of the lower limbs. [Bernhardi. Annal., d. 
Heilk. 18 II, Jan., p. 60."] 
1025. Paralj^sis of the lower limbs, with loss of sensation. [Huber, 
N. act. n. c. III. obs. 100. ^ 

Parab^sis of the feet. [Heinreich 1. c.^] 

The skin on the whole bod}^ peels off in large scales. \Hg^ 

Painfulness of the skin of the whole body. 

Stitches in the skin as if from needles \N, Wahrn. 1. c] 
1030. Slow stitches here and there on the skin as if from a red hot 

Fine stitches all over the body. 

Much itching on the right thigh and on the arms. 

Itching crawling sensation as from fleas, on the thighs up to 
the abdomen, also on the loins and nate, compelling to scratch. 

Burning itching on the body. 
1035. Burning itching, with painfulness of the spot on scratching. 

Intolerable burning on the skin. [Heinreich, 1. c] 

Burning on the skin (of the finger), excessively violent, as 
if the spot had been burned with boiling fat (after dipping the 
hands in a cold solution of arsenic. ) 

Spots here and there on the skin. [Baylies, 1. c] 

Blue spots on the abdomen, on the genitals, and in the white 
of the e3^e. [Kaiser, 1. c] 
1040. Inflamed spots like measles over the body, chiefly on the 
head, the face and neck. [Thomson, 1. c] 

Eruption on the skin: [Majault, 1. c.^] 

Eruption like red petechiae, from the size of a flea-bite up to 
that of a lentil, sharply defined, in the evening, painful, quite 
dry, only humid and burning after scratching, [5r.] 

Miliary eruption all over the bod}^, falling off in scales. 
[GuiLBERT, 1. c] 

Red, scorbutic, miliary rash. [Hartmann, dissert. cBth. ant. 
et ars. Halle, 1759. ^ 
1045. Pimples like millet, with white points over the whole body, 
even over the hands and feet. [Desgranges, in Phys. med. 
Jour. 1800, Apr., p. 299.'] 

Little pointed pimples break out, with itching which passes 
off on scratching. 

Whitish, pointed pimples, with watery humor in the tip, 
break out with a burning itching, as from the stings of flies, on 
the hands, between the fingers and on the abdomen; by scratching, 
the humor flows out and the itching ceases. 

Small pimples on various parts of the bodj^, also on the fore- 
head and under the chin, causing burning pain and some itching. 

1 Poisoning of a girl of 20. — Hughes. 

- Not accessible. — Hughes. 

3 Statement that author knows a woman so affected by ars. — Hughes. 

* cited from Cardan ; same s\-mpton as 888. — Hughes. 

5 Xot found. — Hughes. 

^ Not accessible. — Hughes. 

' From rubbing ars. into head. — Hughes. 


Eruption of pimples with severe burning, so that she 
can hardh' contain herself for distress. 
1050. Eruption of itch, especially in the houghs. [Z^^.] 

Fine sand}^ tickling itch on the whole body. [I/g'.^ 

Little lumps which heal with great difficulty. [Am at. 
lyUSlTAN, 1. c.^] 

Dense eruption o