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433 07492395 8 


■, -■»- 



■^;. ri : . 


•■' --• n ■• 










Multa renafcentur qua Jam cecidere. — HoR. 




Sy C, Stewart t5* Co, PrUters to the Univerjity ; 




Sir David Lindsay's Prologue to the Monarchies^ 3 
■ ■ Inirodu&ory Dialogue with 

Experience, • • • • 9 

ExclaiHation on writing in 

the maternal language f • « .13 

De/cription of the Papal 

Monarchies • . .' . 3 1 

De/cription of the Court of 


■ » — 

Rome, • * • • 4^ 

Epiftle Niinaupatory^ 51 

Tragedy a/" Cardinal Beaton« 55 

Earl of Glencairn's Epijlle of the Hermit of 

LorettOy •...** 69 

Sir R. Maitland's Satird on the Toun Ladies^ 76 

» Satire on the Age^ • 8t 

— I On the Malice of Poets ^ 85 

. _._ On the New year 1557 or 1558, 87 

,' On the wynning ofCalice, t 558, 91 

t I, ■ On the ^ueen*s marriage to the 

Dauphin of Franccy • . •93 

On the Ajffemhly of the CongrC" 

gation JS^g, ' . . . • 96 

. — . On the New Tear 1560, ^9 

On the ^ueerCs arrival in Scot^ 

land 1561, . . . • lot 

■ Aganis the thieves of aiddif date, 104 

« ^ Na kindnefs at Court nvithout 

filler, . . • . . . 107 

- ■ Counfel t& his Son,' at Courts 109 

— • Folly of an Auld man marry ^ 

ing a Young Wife, ' . , , 113 



Miferies of the Tyme^ ISTO, 298 

— Solace in jtige^ • • 301 

— Complaint againft lang Law fuits^ 303 
Againjl opprejjion of the Comrnons, 396' 


. — Ag€kirifl Jlanderous tongues^ * 309 

— « Admonitim to the Regent Mar, 313 

— Advice to be blyth in bail, ^ • 317 

Auld Kindnefs foryett^ . 319 

Alex. Scott's Lament of the Mcfier ofErJkipe^ 115 

• New Tear*sgifi to the ^ueeth I S^^i ^ ^ 7 

^ Jufting of Adamfon and Syme^ 137 

- Advyce to Wowarsp • 144 

i..— Counjelto luftie Ladies 9 • ^49 

, Luvefould be ufit with prudence^ 1^3 

.„. — — " • ■ Of Wemen'kind, . . . 155 

m,. '. ^^^^'^.^ Luve ane levellerp • • X58 

I ~ The Blate Luvar, . . • *^^ 

— -- — -^ Gratuiation to the monetb of May, l6x 
,, In praife of his Mi/lrefs*s twa fair 

Ene^ ^ • m m • 164 

, , ■ 1 ■ > To his Heart i • • 166' 

■ ■■ A Luvar- s inwart M^urningf 168 

III" I _ ' Lament quhen his wife left bim^ ijo 

-— — Cupid quarreled for his tyranny f 1 71 

Rondel of Lute, • . 173 

To his Heart, . .174 

A Luvar* s Complaint, • 176 

Darnley's JJ^/fa/, » .. . 179 

"BALJiEvis^s Counfale to Huf{taris, . . 181 

The Banks of Helicon, . • . 185 

O Lufy May, . . ... 192 

Welcum to May, • . ... 193 

Clapperton's Wa worth Maryage . 195 

— God gif I wer JVedo now, 197 

The Lament of a poor Court man,^ • ,199 





The making of the Lairdis Bed, ♦ . 201 

Ane ^venture on Weddinfday^ . • I03 

Fethy's Luvar*s Lament, . . . 206 

iang aganis the Ladies, • . • 209 

Flemyng's BaUat of evil Wives, . . 211 

Ane defer iption of Pedder Coffeis, . _ . 214 

jt General Satire, . . . 221 

Of Men evil topleafe, . . • 224 

Counftl anent lending money, • • • 225 

In praife of Sir Penny, . • . 227 

The Wooing of Jock and Jenny, . . 230 

Wedderburne's Complaint, . .. 235 

I Gude and Godly Ballats^ 239 

John Rolland's Seven Sages, . . 285 

The Battle of Harlaw, . . . 28S 

In commendation of Sir John Maitland, - .S^x 

The Complaint of Scotland, . , • 324 

Alex. Arruthnot's Miferies of a poor Scholar, 330 

■ ■» ■— Praifes of Wemen, 337 

Alex. Montgomerie's Cherry and Slae {abridged) 

■ Sang on the Lady Marga-- 

ret Montgomery^ 

— — - Poem on the fame ^ 




™ Kcbo, . . 496 

.-- ^ InveBive againfl Fortune^ 498 


. — '^ Sonet to his Majejly, 
—r— To my Lady Seton, 

bert Hudfon, 

To R. Hudfon, 

Complaint in Prifon, 

Chrifen LynJefay to Ro» 

To Mr David Drummond, 
A Ladies Lamentation^ 



C O N T Z^ T 3. 

Alex. Hume^s E/ujUe to Moocrief^ • . $6^ 

■ Om the defeat of the Spani/b Armada^ 379 

— _.^— Thanks for a Summer Day 4 385 

_. Flyting with Montgomerf , 391 

R6BERT, (perhaps Lord * Sem^le's Pbilotus, 397 

■ ^i ■ Ballot on three female Ta^ 

verners^ • • • • • 44^ 

— Fleming Sarge^ . 445 

KiCOL Burne's Addrefsto the reforming Minifier^, 456 
John Burel^s defcriftion of the ^ueetCs entry into 

Edinburgh^ I59?f * * . < 4^4 

jAMfe.s iHE Sixth's Phtemx, a metaphorical invent 
tiott^ • • * ... 477 

■ , Faraphrafe on Luean^ 486 

■ Poem on 7yme, • • 488 

' Sonnet, • • 489 

■ ^ — RewUis cfScottis Poetry, 490 

]^AKL OF Stirling's Faranefis, (abridged) 507 






> "1 > • '. 

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OF. 'm 

, I . 

5 c r ti iTJi fo z ¥^t\ 

• < -< * V J w 


.V ; I 

, • V * 

> y X-;:v. 

K *•". 

<5UEE]Sr.MARY, ;[ 5^2— 1567. 


• A 

\ . V '' 

■^ *• 

^s "iie ^Jufefi roai t\ favour ' mcffr^^im^nt* 'i^iri/^ 

the minqrtiy x^ pU Ufihrtumii Xau^ter^ Hhetr minds 
1..^^^. ^^_. .c?- ^ _..-*>fc ^.o^aA.^ jijr ^i^^zA^ ^u^^*- f<rT^v,-v -...:« 

twV/'tf occupied 'iioUh ^ftatr^ 6f.^\ec^er th6meW> ^^&erewas 
a generat puUcry n'^mhj^^j^eluenm^nejs^ J^norancfl and 
rapacity of the Clergy ;''hhd^ ire diifes'OhT 

the chief prodttEtions of the Scottijhprefs. The ^ueen^s 
Advocate compofed a work oh yujlif cation ; another 
gentleman wrote Meditations on the Lord^s Prayer ; a 
jbini^jObtiithe Confcience of a Chriftian man ^ John 
Knox thundered abroad his Admonitions to the profeffors 
of God'* s truth ; and the voice of the Mufes was drowned 
amid the groaning complaints of the Congregation of the 
faithful, 'tht' iinljf metrical COmpoJitions of any impor*^ 
tance thatciinie aj^gnfdio this period^ are Sir David 
Vol- III. A Lindsay'*. 


Lindsay's Dialogue on the luiferable ftate of the 
warldy and lis Tragedy of Cardinal Beaton. ^ Tb£t jirjl 
is a tedious account of what are called the Four An-^ 
cient Monarchies i commencing with the creation of the 
worldy and ending with the day of judgment. With^ 
out injury to the fame of SiR David^ this narrative 
may he fuffered to repofe in peace. We find^ however, 
fome animated digrejjions^ interfperfed through the work, 
which well deferve a place in a CoUeBion of this na» 
ture, Thefe^ with the Beaton's Tragedy, will compleat 
the works of Linqsat. 

'Tbefirfl edition of the Dialogue was printed in 15 v^» 
*^ at the expences of Dr. Macliabeus in Copmahouin/' 
—-an ambiguous exprejjion^ intended to conceal the name 
of the printer^ jFor, although Dr. Machaheus^ a Scot^ 
ti/h refugee, certainly was in Copenhagen about that 
time J the book is more likely to have been printed fome" 
where in Scotland by John Scot^ wh9 in 1558 publijbed 
in the fame fi%e, and with the fgnatures commencing 
where thofe of the Dialogue ended^ the Tragedy of the 
Cardinal, ixnd various other pieces of Lindfay . To this 
edition, (^probaUy that which was ordered to be burnt 
by the ecclefia/lical council 15 58 J Scot mufl allude in his 
preface X568, where he fays ^ " the mairpairt of them hes 
henejindrie times in findrie places impr entity as heir in 
Scotlan4i ^uhilk yet war not fa correct as neidrequirit.^^ 


^kdXX>du£ to THE MONAfeCHiES, AND lift ROB tJCTORt 

i^Proiogues de/crtpthe of tbefcenk of dSiony copHnonlf 
a wood^ pari^ or garden, are favourite themes of our 
ancient poets. Several of them are to he found in the 

Jirft volume of this Colle^Hon 5 as hy Robert Henry- 
fon» p. 90 ; hy Dunbar^ p. 253, and hy Douglas, p. 
386. The fingular nature of the Invocation Jbows 
ike tajle of the times in a Jlriking point of view* 
t^/lead of ParnaJJus our Poet chufes Mount CaU 
vary J and his Helicon is the friam which fiowed 

from our Saviour^j fide on the crofs^ when he was 
vuounded by thefi&itious Longias* as recorded in the 
Gcfpel of Niicodemus / a name impofed upon him 

from the weapon which he ufed. Under the charaBer 
of the QoMxlfto^x^ TuiujysAY feems to allude to fome 
of the hading ctrcumflances of his own hiftory : In his 

pourirait of ExPBRlENCE may he difcerned a refem» 
hlance to that of Efop by Henrjfoo. 

IVL xIsim6 and mervelling on the miferie^ 

From d!ky to day in eitth quhilk dois incres^ 

And of ilk ftait the inftabilitie, 

Ptoceding. of the reftles befines, 

Quhairon the maift part dois thair mind addres 

Inordinatlie on hungrie covetice^ 

Vain gloir, diflait^ and uther fenfual yicc. 





Bot tumbling in my bed I micht not lie ; 
Qubairfoir I fuir furtb in ane May mornings 
Comfort to get of my melancholie, 
S^cj^ubat befpfe^r^ih Pbaebus up^ryfiog, 
Qjbair I ipicbt beirtfiei birdis fweitly firig :- 
Ititillanf park J paftf^r my plefure^ ^ 

Decoiit well be ciaft of dame Nature. 

How I reflevit comfort na^wjall 
For to defer ive at lentb it war to lang, 
23i(ptlkitui the hailfiitn hrrbislmedicinaU ; ' ' ] 
Qtthal^n. the duke and' balmy dew dotui hang^ 
liykd oriiui^'pvHftd on the twlfiis lang^ ', - 

d* how that tbtt sirbxaatik odotttisy '\ 

Did .prboeidif ipm tl»c .tendo t frat^rant flouii^ . f - 

vOr how PhaBbis,<dlat king ettieriali, - 

Swiftfyiprftrig \ipirtto'*th« orient, ' ^ 

Atctfhdiiig ih Ins thvolie knpef iaU, 
Cj^haid bricht and beriall bemis refplendent^, 
Illuiiiitiat ftll unto ^d ocddttnt>. 
£k>itifbrta)nd evrie corporal creature. 
Quhilk f^rmit wa^ on eirth> bt d«me Nature ^ 

Quhais donk impurpuf it veftmeuft noflurnat;. 
Wit6 his iin&<tow<leirit tiiantil ma^tke.. 
H^ left iniill his r«giouti ifiUforall, ^ 

QuhiJDft on him wail^ quhea he did decline,. ' - ^ 
Towart his occidelit pali<5^ v^pfpi^tifie ; ^ > 

And rais in habite gay and glorious, 
Brichter nor gold or fiaiius precious* 
• Bot Cynthia the hornit nichtis Quene, 
Scho loifl hir licht,. and led ane lower^ faiU^ 
From time that fcho hir foverane Lord had fene^. 
And in his f^relence waxit dirk, and paill, ^ 
And ouer hir vifage keft'ane miftie vaiU.. . 

Sa did Venus, the Goddeb amorous. 
With Jupiter, Mars, and Mercurius. 






TV in 


intoxicate Saturn^ ^ ;/ 
I powre his beais briijit 
th^ maid be no fudgcoroc, 
*)i(^ bia borrowit licht, 
ilh^ifcbaw bot on the nicht< 
tidbyfodilerris all, 
!$tiuitiur in the legteiitrioqall. 
errand tchippis, qubilkie ar iv^ithput ^-spdr^ 
Convojand thamc upon the ftormic nidit, 
^, #^(^5(llin thair froilie circle did thame hjdc j \ . 
dt that flerns have na utile r licht 
reSos of l^ebus bemia bricht, 
40 r A none into the hevin appei^- 
fad circuit all our hemifpheir. 
ipt^vas atVB ficht celeHiall 
m^fa an^eU Ijke aibend 
f^rie^d|^qt tryixiaphall, . 

bri^t'Lx:ald not cocnpreb^d j 
r'ciixe did from me wend, 
jEfe([^ ilp^ ipred furth bir tapvftr^ 
b« dai^ Jf ature quejnt and eufioH^i^ 
it .Irith monie hundreth hcvinlie hcv/ii^, 
the* ryfing ot thair Rojal Roj, 
rith^bmes brekand on the tender be wis. 
did provoke mj hart to na^i^ral yjj % 
V^ that daj and £oll held thi^nae co/, 
on far micht heir the birdis foimd, 
is did lo the ilerri^ hevin redouotf . 
,£0]fir|ie prunjeand his iedren faic^ 
maveis maid greit ou^die ^ 
^rl&^afcending in thq aif,. 
bir natural notis craf^iei, 

«nk, fbe mcrl^ rich;!; Ii^riliey , % 
of the nobill nich^ng^MMia 
$hr<i^ the ;fnont»QfSy ii^ei^is^ and vs^*il L5« 
?t l' " Contempling. 

*-*• «., 

li ClIltOKlCIJ: Ot SCOTTISH P<i£tRf « 

ContempUng this melodious harmonie^ 
How everiUc bird di^fl thame fof til advance 
To falut Nature with thair melodie. 
That I ftude gazing halflinges in ane tranc^. 
To heir thame mak that naturall obfervance 
Sa rojallie, that all the roches rang. 
Throw repercuffion of thair faggatit fang. 

I lois my time, allace ! for to reheirs 
Sic unfrutefull and vane defcriptioun ; 
Or wryte into my raggit rurall vers. 
Mater without edificatioun. 
Confidering how that mine intentioun^ 
Bene till deploir the mortall mifereis. 
With continuall cairfull calamiteis. 

Confiding in this wretchit vaile olforroW* 
Bot fad fentence fuld have ane fad indjte. 
So tenuis bricht I lift not for to borrow ; 
Of muming mateir men hes na deljte. 
With rouftie termis thairfoir will I wrytife. 
With forrowfuU fiches ryfing from the fplene^ 
And bitter teiris diftelling from mine ene. 

Without onie vane' invocatioun. 
To Minerva or Melpomene ; 
Nor yet will I mak fupplicatioun^ ' 
For help to Cleo, or Calliope, , 
Sic marrit Mufes ma mak na fupp^i 
Proferpine I refufe, and Appollo, 
And ricbt fa Euterpe, Juppiter, and Juno, 

Qnhilkis bene to plefand poetis comforting* 
O^hairfoir becaus I am nocht one of tho, 
I do defjre of thame na fupporting. 
For I did never fleip on Parnafo, 
As did the poetis of lang tjme ago ; 
And fpeciallie the ornate Ennius, 
Nor drank I never with Hefiodut. 


qjJEEN MARY, 1542-^1567. J 

Of Grece the perfite poet foveranc. 

Of Helicon the {ource of eloquence, 

Of that mellifluous famous frefche fontancu 

Quhairfoir to thame I awe na reverence, 

I purpois not to mak obedience 

To fie mifchaunt Mufes; na Mahumetrie, 

Afoir time u^ into poetrie. , 

Ravand Rhai^nufia, goddes of defpjte^ 
Micht be to me a^e Mufe richt convenable, 
Gif I defyrit £c help for till indytc 
This murning mateir, mad and miferable. 
I mud go feik a Mule moir comfortable ; 
And fie vane fuperfiilpioun to refufe, 
Befeikand the Greit God to be my Mufe : 

Be quhais wifdome all maner of thing bene wrocht. 
The hie hevins with all thair ornamentis. 
And without mateir maid all thing of nocht. 
Hell in myd center of the dementis. 
That hevenlic Mufe to feik my haill intent is. 
The quhilk gaif fapience to King Salomon, 
To David grace, ftrenth to the ftrang Sampfon, 

And of pnir Peter maid ane prudent prelchour. 
And be the power of his Deitie, 
Of cruell Paul he maid ane cunning teichour. 
I mon befeik richt lawlie on mj knie. 
His heich fuper-excellent Majefiie, 
That with his bevinlie fpreit he may infpyre. 
To write na thing contrarie his defyr^. 

Befeikand als his foverane fone Jefew, 
Quhilk wes confavit of the Halie Spreit, 
Incarnit ot the purifyit virgine trew. 
And in quhome the prophecie was compleit. 
That Prince of peice» maift humbill and manfweit, 
Quhilk under Pilate fufferit pafSoun 
XTpon the croce for our falvatioun, 
:. ^ And 

~ * ^ 


^ CHR6IC1GL£ 6F SCOtttsH PO^TftT. 


And be that crucll'^eith intolleniBill,, \ ' 
Lowfit we war from ban^esWBeliall^ ', 

And mair-Atouir, it was fo profitabill. 
That. to this ktmr cilm never man, nor fall. 

To the triumphant joj imperiall 

Of life, howbeit that thay war neuer fa gudc, 

Bot be the vertew of his precious blude, , 

Quhairfoir, infterd of the m6bj ternafb^ 
Swiftlie I fell go feik my Sovet|ihe , , . ... ' 
To mont Calvarie tne ftr^icht way tnon Tgo, . , 
To get ane t^rtft of the inblt frefphe fontaine./ ' ' 
That forfe to» feik, my hairt may not refraine^ , . , 
Of Helicon, that Was baith (ieip and wyde, 
That Longias did grave into his fyde. 

From that frefche fountane fprang a famous flude,^ 
Quhiik redolent river throw the warld ririnis. 
As chriftall cicir, and cfiiixtt bene with blude; '. ;^ 
Quhais found abrfe the hiift hevinis diiinis j \ '• \ 
All faithftjll pepill purging fra thair finnis.^ . \ 

Quhairfoir/ 1 fs^l befcik hi^ Excelleti6e' - • /^ 

To grarit me grace, wifSonie, idnd eloqiuende, ' '[ 

Aad bathe inc wkh tfcfjr dil(*e and^bdmy;ilra^^^ 
Quhilk on the croce did fpcddie out-fpring^ ' ' ' 
From hisifeaiil tender feit,'-^d''heTiiilIe haiidisV'' ' '^^ 
And grant me grace to iivttie nor dfte na thin^. ' [ \ * 
Bot to his heich hohacr, aid lotlde feViiig:. 
. But quhai^ fupport thiir m^yiia gudtJ be Wrbqnt' 
Till his plefure*/*^ade watkis, Word, nofthochtv 

Thairfoir, <> Lotd ! 1 praj thy Majeftie, 
As thow did fdhaw thyheich power divine^ 
Firft planely intotGarfe of Galile, 
Quhair thbw conveitif cald water in wyne, , ' ; ■ 
ConVojr my mateir to ane frufteons fyne. 
And fave my fayingis baith from fcham^ ancj ^n^*'- * 
T^k tent, for now I^purpois to begin;- ' - - '^ . ^ 


^ ' I^EEN MA.RT, 1542 — 1567. J 

XNTILL that park I ifaw appear 

Ane ageit man quhilk drew me neir, 

<^uhais beard was rieir thre quarters lang : 

His hair did ouer his fchuldcrs hang. 

The quhilk as ony fnaw was quhyte, 

<[^home to behold I thocht ddiyte. 

His habit angel-like of hue. 

Of colour like the fappheir blue ; 

Under a holin he repofit, 

0£ quhais prefence 1 was rcjoifit. 

I did him falute reverently. 

So did he me richt courteoufly) 

To fit doun he requeftit me, 

Under the fliadow of the tree. 

To faif me from the funnis heit, 

Amang the flowris foft and fweit. 

For I was'wearyit with walking, 

Then he begouth to fall in talking : 

I aiked his name with reverence : 

£. I am, faid he, Experience, 

C. Then fir, faid T, you cannot fail 
To give a defolait man counfail ; 
You do appeir ane man of fame. 
And fith Experience is your name, 
I pray you, father venerable, 
<jrive me fome coutifel comfortable. 

E. Quhat bene, faid he, thy vocatioun, 
Makand fuch fupplicatioun ? 

C. I have, faid I» been to this hour. 
Sen I could ryde, ane Courteour j 
But now, father, I thynk it beft. 
With your counfel, to leif in reft : 
And from hyneforth to tak mine eis, 
And quyetly my God to pleis, 

Vol.' III. B And 


And renounce curlofitie, 
Levjmg the court, and learn to die* 
Oft haif I failit ouer the ftrandis. 
And travalit throuch divers landis„. 
Both fouth and notth, and eaft and weft. 
Yet can I neuer find quhaii reft 
Dotth mak her habitatioun. 
Without your fuppoTtatioun, 
Quhen 1 believe to be beft eifit, 
Moft fuddantlie I am 4ifpleifit : 
From trpubjll quhen I fafteft fly. 
Than find I maift adver^tj 5 
Schaw me, I praj you, hartfully, 
How I may leif moft pleafantly. 
To ferve toy God of kingis King^ 
Sen I am tyrit of travelling 5 
And learn me for to be content. 
Of quiet life and fober rent ; 
That I may thank the king of gloir. 
As gif I had ane mylleoun moir. 
Sen everilk court been variant. 
Full of invy, and inconftant ; 
Micht I but trubbyll leif in reft, 
Now in auld aige I tjiink it beft. 

£. Thou art ane greit fuil, fon, faid he. 
That to defire quhilk may nocht be. 
Yarniqg to have prerogatyv^ 
Above all creatures that live. 
Sen father Adam create been 
Into the camp of Damafcene, 
Might no man fay unto this hour. 
That euer he found perfeft pleafour. 
Nor never fall, till that he fee 
Ged in his divine majefty.^ 
Quhairfore prepare thee for travell, 
Sen xnannis life been but battell. 


t^EEN MARY/ 1542 — 1567. ti 

All men beginnis for to die, 

*rhe day of their nativitie ; 

And joumallj they do proceed. 

Till Atrops cut their fatall threed ; 

And in the breif time that they have 

Betwix their birth on to the grave^ 

Thou feis quhat mutabilities, 

Qtihat miferable calamities^ ^ 

Qahat trubbyl, travel, and debate, 

Seed thou in every mortal flate. 

Begin at puir law creaturis, 

Afcending /yne to fenatouris, 

To great princes and potentatis. 

Thou fall nocht find in non eftailis, 

Sen the beginning generallie. 

Nor in our time now fpeciallie. 

But tiddious, refllefs befineis, 

Withoutten ony fickernefs. 

C, Prudent father^ faid I, allace. 
You tell to me ane cairful cace : 
You fay, that no man to this hour, 
Hes found on earth perfyte pleafour, 
Without infortunate variance. 
Sen we been thral on fie mifchance 
Quhy do we fet our whole int^ntis 
On riches, dignity, and rentis. 
Sen in the earth been no man furcj . 
One day but trouble till endure. 
And worft of all, quhen we leift ween, 
The cruel death we mon fuflene. 
Gif I your father-heid durft demand^ 
The caus I wald fain under ftand* ^ 

And als, father, I you implore, 
Schaw me from trouble gone before, 
Tliat hearing others indigence, 
I may^ the naorc have patience. 






Marrowis in tribulatloun, 
Been wretches confolatioira. 

£. Quod he : after my fmall cunnings 
To* thee 1 fall mak anfwering. 

After dcfcrlblng the creation of the worlds our aothot proceeds tt 
Ihew how 

JFirJi ringyt kings of AfTerianIs, 

Secoundiy ringyt kings of Perlianis ; 

The GrtWiMbridlie with fwerd and fyre 

Perfors ©"btainit the thrid empyre. 

Tht fourth Monarchic, at I heir, 

The Rotnanis keipit monie a yeir. . . . •^ 

Thefe Monarchids (T undcrfland) 

Pre- ordinal wer be command 

Of God the Salvator of all 

For to doun thring, and tp maik thrall, 

Undauntyt pepil vicious ; 

And feke for to be gracious 

To thame quhilk verteous wer and gude| 

As Dapicfhath done conclude. 

At length into his prophccie, 

The fecund chapter, as you may lie. . . /. . 

Sum hai/ this mateir done indyte 

Malr oinatlie than I can wrytc ; 

Q«h;airfoir of it I fpeik no moir,. 

Oniie to God be laud and gloir. 




^J^ thefirjl A£i of Parliament pqffed during the regent f 

^ the Earl of Arran, (i^^h March l^^i'^,J liber-' 

^ was given to the ^ueen'^s f' lieges to haif the Ha-- 

•• lie Writ in the vulgar toung^ in Inglis or Scottis, 

** of ane gude and true tranjlatioun /" and^ upon the 

nineteenth^ an order 'was ij/hed to the Clerk Regif' 

*^r, {&ir fames Foulis of Colington,) to caufe this 

aSi *< anent the New Teftament to be proclaimed at 

•* the market crofs of Edinburgh^ and thereafter to 

" give forth the copies thereof to allthaim that defy re 

** the famynJ*^ In lef than a year^ how^ever^ <afier 

this proclamationy the Regent being drawn over to thg^ 

party of the Catholicks'y another aSi was pciffed^ *^£x* 

'• hortand all Prelatis to procetd according to law «- 

** gainft thofe heretihis quha circulated thair dampna" 

" ble opinionis in con tr air thefiith and lawis of halie 

*' kirk*^ I'he indulgence was thus in ejffeSi with-^ 

drawn ; readers of ** Halie Wrjtt*' in the vulgar 

tongue were, again threatened with f re andfwordyXind 

thofe who had favoured the new opinions were 

** compel lit y by threats of being hafigit, to leave the 

** court of the Governor*'* Among this number was 

Sir David Lindsat.. It is eafy^ therefore^ to per^ 

ceive under what impreffions this Exclamatioun, aadin^ 

deed th^ 'whoIe of the Dialogue was compofed^ 




rENTiLL reidar, have mc at aa defpite^ 
Thinkaod thai I prefumpteouflie pretend 
In vulgar toung fo hie ane mater to write. 
But quhair I mis, I praj the til amend. 
To the unlernit t wald the caus wer kend, 
Of our maid miferabill travel and torment. 
And how in eiith na place be permanent. 

Howbeit that divers devot cunning derkis, 
In Latyn toung have written findrie buikis. 
Our unleamit knawis litill of thair werkisf 
More than thej do the raving of the rulkis : 
Quhairfoir to collyearis, carters, and to cuikis^ 
To Jock and Thom mj ryme falbe direckit. 
With cunning men howbeit it wil be leckit. 

Thoch every Commoun may not be a clerk, 
Nor has na leid, except thair toung maternal, 
Quhy fuld of God the mervellus hevinly wcrk 
Be hid from them ? I think it not fraternal. 
The father of hevin quhilk was, and is eternal. 
To Mofes gave the law on mont Sinay, 
Not into Greik nor Latine, I heir fay. 

He wrait the law On tabils hard of ftone. 
In their aw in vulgare langiiage of Hebrew, 
That all the barnis of Ifrael every one 
Micht knaw the law, and fo the fame enfew. 
Had he done write in Latine or in Grew, 
It had to thame bene bot ane farilefs jeft ; 
You may weil wit God wrocht al for the beft. 
*• Ariftotle nor Plato, I heird fane, 
Wrait nocht thair hie philofophie naturall. 
In Dutche nor Dence, nor toung Italianej 
But in thair moil ornate toung maternal, 


QJJEEN MARY, I54I 1567* ^5 

Quhais fame ancj naqie dois reigne perpetual. 
Fatnous Virgill, that prince of poetrie. 
Nor Cicero, that flowr of oratrie, 

Wrait tiot in Caldic language, nor in GreW| 
Nor yit into language Saracene ; 
Nor in the natural language of Hebrew, 
But in the Roman toung, as may be fene, 
<^hilk was thair proper language, as I wene, 
Quhen Romania rang, dominatouris indeicl. 
The ornate Latine was thair proper leid. 

In the mein time, quhen thir bald Romance 
Ouer all the warld had the dominioun. 

Maid Latine fculis thair gloir for to avance. 

That thair language micht Jje oucr all commoun ; 

T«» that intent, by my opinioun, 

Traifting that thair empire fuld ay indure ; 

Bot of fortune alway thay war not fure. 
Of languages the firft diverfitie. 

Was .maid by G odd IS maledidlioun, 

Quhen Babylon was buildit in Caldle, 

Thay buldaris gat none uther afflidioun. 

Afoir the time of that punltioun, 

Was bot ane toung, quhiik Adam fpak himfelf, 

Quhair now of toungis thairin threefcoir and twclf. 
Notwithftanding, I think it greit plefour, 

Quhair cunning men hes languages anew ; 
" That in thair youth, be diligent labour, 

Hes leirnit Latine, Greek, and auld Hebrew : 

That I am not of that fort foir I rew ; 

Quhairfoir I wald all bnikis ncceffarc 

For our faith wer intill our toung vulgare. 
Chrift efter his glorious afcenfioun. 

To his difcipyles fent his halie fpreit 

In toungis of fy re, to that intentioun. 

That being all of languages repleit 

Throw all the warld, \K\ih wordu fiiir and fwelt, 



To cvctj man the faith thcj fuld fufth fchaw^ 
In thair awin leid deljverand thame the law. 

Thairfoir I think ane greit derifioan. 
To heir the Nunnis and fiftcris nicht and day, 
Singand and fay and pfalmes and orifoun ; 
Nocht under (landing quhat thaj fing or fay : 
But like ane ftirling, or ane pppinjay 
Qnhilk learnit ar to fpeik be lang u&ge, 
Thenv I compare to birdis in ane cage. 

Richt fa children and ladyis of honouris 
Prayis in Latinc, to thame ane uncouth leid : 
Mumland thair matynis, even-fangs, and thair hourisy 
Thair Patcr-nofter, Ave, and thair Creid. 
It wer als plefand to thair fpreit indeid, 
God have mercie on me ! for to fay thus. 
As to fay, miferere me Deus, 

San6l Herome in his proper toung Romane, 
The law of God trewlie he did trauflate 
Ottt of Hebrew and Greik, in Latine plane, 
Quhilk hes bene hid from us lang time, God wait, 
Untill this time. Bot efter my conceit. 
Had San£l Herome bene bqrp into Argyle, 
In Irlfch toung his buikis he had done compylc. 

Prudent San6l Paul dois mak narratioun 
Tuitching the divers leid of everie land, 
Sayand thair bene mair edificatioun 
In fyve wordis that folk dois underftand. 
Than to pronounce of wordis ten thoufand 
111 ftrange language, fyne \yait not quhat it mcnis, 
, I think fie platting is not worth twa prenis. 
Unleirnit pepill on the halie day % 

Scleinpnitlie thay heir the Evangel foung, 
Not knawing quhat the preill dois fing or fay, 
But as ane bell quhan that thaj heir it roiing ; 
Yet wald the preiftis in thair mother toung. 


Pas to the pulpit, and that dod'rihe dcclait 
To lawit pepiUj it war mair neceflair. 

I tvald prelatis and doftouris of the law 
With us lawit pcpil wer not difconlfent, 

Thoch we in our toung vulg^re did knaw 

Of Chtift jefus the life and teftament. 

And how that we fald keip commandement ; 

oot inour language lat us pra^ and reid 

Our Pater-nOfter, Ave, and our Creid* 
I wald fome prince of greit difcretioun^ 

la vulgare language planelie gart ttanflate^ 

The ncidful lawis of this regioun^ 

Tlian wald there not be half fo greit dehait^ 

A^iumg us pepil of the law eftait ; 

Gif everie man the Vefity did knaw, 

•^e ncidit not to treit thir men tt law. 

Xo do our neiehtbo^r wrang we wald bewat^ 
*^ "^e did feir the lawis punifchment : 
^air wald not be fie brawling at the bar ; 
Nor men of law loup to fie rojal rent. 
*^ kdp the law gif all men wei? content, 
A^^^ ilk man do as he wald be done to, 
The judges wald get Ijtill thing ado. 
The prophet David king of Ifraell, 

Compyld the plcfand pfalm^^S of the pfaltail^ ^ 

In his awin proper toung, as I heir tell ; 

And Salomon quhilk was his fon and air, 

l}id mak his buik into his toung vulgair. ^ 

Quhy fiild not thair fayings be till us fchaWitl 

In oCir language, I wald the cans wer knawin^ 
Let doAoris write thair curious queiliounis^ 
And argumentis fawin full of fophiftrie ; 
Thair logic, and thair heich opiniounis, 
Thair dark judgementis of afironomie, 
Tfcair medicine, and thair philofophie* 

VoL.nh C tet 


Let poetis fchaw thair glorious ingjne. 

As euer thay pleife, in Greik or in Latync ; 

Bot let us have the buil^is neceffair 
To commoun-wealy and our falvatioun^ 
Jufllj tranflatit in our toung vulgair. 
And als I mak you fupplicatioun, 
O gentil reidar, have na indignatioun, 
Thinkand I mell me with fa hie matair. 
Now to my purpois forwart will I fair. . 

P. 17.— Tra'nflait the neidfful lawis; fbat is, the Scottifh laws prior 
to thofe of James T. after whofe refioration to 1424 the ftatutes were 
all written in the vulgar tongue ; while thofe of England continued t& 
be written in French until the year Z484. It is likelf, however, that 
Lindfay alludes in part to the canons of the provincial councils, other- 
wife called the Lawis of Haly Kirk ; which, during the minority of 
Queen Manry, were not lefs interefting than the old ads of ParIiaQ:icnt» 
cfpecially to Sir Divid Lindfay, and other fuch labourers in the |^at 
work of reformation ; the purpofe of moft of them being to check its. 
progrefs, by gradually correding acknowledged abufes, and by inforciog 
rigoroufly the punilhment of heretics. 

The word S^etth, in Arran*s firft ftatote, leads one naturally here to 
enquire whether there was, about this time, any tranflation of tho Old 
or New Teftament different from thofe of Tyndall and Coverdale.— 
Keith reports, upon the authority of Sir James Balfour, that the Eart 
^f Amn then entertained in his houfe a friar Ourlliam, or Williams, 
(born near Elftobford, in £aft Lothian) who tranilated the New'Tefta- 
snent Into the vulgar tongue. Can this be the tranflation alluded to 
in the AA ? Lewis, in his Hiftopy of Tranflations, fays, nearly un- 
der this period, that three editions of the New Teftamentappeared, 
without the name of printer or place ; and fcenis to think they were 
printed in Scotland. They are not, however, mentioned by Ames ; nor 
does Lewis fay that they were different from Tyndall's. 



In honour of St.GiLES, tht tutelar faint of the city of 
Edinburgh^ an annual fejlival was celebrated on the 
fivfi ^f September f when the fat ue of Egidius was 
carried through the ftreets in folemn procejjiqn ; at- 
tended, as it would feem^ by the principal inhabitants* 
Such a flagrant aSf of Idolatry could not well efcape 
the notice of SiR David ; whoy no doubt , fet forth 
this ** Exclamatioun," ybr the purpofe of kindling the - 
refentment of the people againfi the harmlefs repre- 
fentative of their anchnt gu^dian and defender. And 
if did no f fail at lafi to produce the dejired effect ; for^ 
on St. Giles's day 1558, when fome perfons conviBed 
of herefy were to make a public recantation, th^ po* 
pulace rofe tumultuouflyy broke^ the flatue to pieces^ 
dijjipated the procejjion^ and refcued the criminals* 
On the other hand, the Clergy ventured to *take their 
rev£nge, by ordering 5iR David's works to be called 
in\ and publicly committed to the flames. 


Imprudent pepilly ignorant and bljndy 
Be quhat reObun, law, or authotitie ; 
Or quhat authentik fcripture can ye find 
jLefuin for tiU commit idolatrie ? 



Quhilk bene to bow your bodie, or your knie. 
With devote humbiU adoratioun. 
Till ony ydol maid of ftane or trie, 
Gevand thame operand or oblatioun. 

Quhy do ye give the honour, land, or gloir 
Pcrtenand G^ quhilk maid all thing of nochtji 
Quhilk wesy and is^ and Cidbe evirmoirt 
Till ymagis be mennis handis wrocht ? 
O fulifche folk ! quhy have ye fuccour focht 
Of thame quhilk can nocht help you in diftres ? 
Yet reflbnabil revolfe into your thocbt. 
In ftock nor ftane can b^ na halines. 

In the defert the pepill of Ifraell, 
Mofes remaning on the n\0Qt Sin^, 
Thay maid ane moltin calf qf fine metellK 
Quhilk tha,y did honour as thair God vcrray, ' 
Bot quhen Mofes difcendit, I beir fay. 
And did coniideiL thair ydolatriej^' 
Of that pepill thre thoufand gart he flay. 
As the fcripture at lenth dois teftifie. 

Becaus the halie propheit Ds^niell, 
In Babyloh ydolatrie reprevit. 
And wald no^ worlchip th^ir fals idol Bell, 
The haill pepill at him wer fa ^greyit. 
To that effe^ that he fuld be myfchevit, 
Deliverit him to raoipand lyounis fevin ; 
Bot of that dangerous den he was relevit, 
Throuch myrakle of jthe greit God of heyin. 

Behald how Nabuchadoiioa|^ king. 
Into the vail of Duran did prepair 
Ane image of fyn^ gold, ane marvellous thing« 
Threfco/e of cubits heic^^ and &x in i!|iittir^ 
As moir cleirlie.the fcripture dois dedair ; 
To quhom all pepiU be proclamatibuo^ 
With bodyis bowit, and on thsur kneif baiiTf 
Richi humbUc maid thair adoratioun. 




^S£N HAKf, i54a-*i567« a^ 

Ane greit wounder that daj was letie alCo^, 
How ]^abuchadonozor in bis jrcj 
Tuik Sjdrachy Mjfech, aad Abednago^ 
Quhilk wald not bow tbair knie at his defir^ 
Till that idoll ; gart cad thame in the fjre " 
For to be bryat, or he fterrit off that fteuL 
(^bea he belevit thay wcr brynt bone and Ijre, 
Was nocHt confumit ane (mall hair of thair hei4- 

The angel of the Lord was with thame fene 
In that het furnace, pafling up and down^ 
Intill ane rofy garth as tbaj had bene': 
No fpot of fjrre diftainyng cote nor gown. 
Of Tidoiie thajr did obtain the crowp. 
And wer tq thaaie that made adoratioua 
To that idoU^ or bowit thair bod^ down^ . 
Ane witneiCng of thair dampnatioun. 

Quhat wes the cans, at me thow maj demand. 
That Salomon ufit none ymageiie 
In his triumphand tempil for t jll Aand, 
Of Abraham, Kac, Jacob, nor Jeffe, 
Nor of Mo£esy thair faifgaird throw the fie, 
JVor Jofua thair valyeant diampioun ? y 

^ecaus God did command the contrarie. 
That thay fitH ufe fie fiiperftitioun* 

fiehald how tlie greit God Omnipotent, 
^^ preferve I&adl from idolatri^ 
^^t'e&it thame ane ftrait commandement 
^Ht thay £uld mak nane carvit imagery, 
"^^^tither of gold, of filver, ibme nor trie, 
^^ give worfchip till ony fimilitude, 
^^nd^in hevln, in eirth, nor in the fie, 
T^^^t onlie till his foverane Celfitude. 

TTie propheit David planelis did rcpreve 
^c^latrie to thair confufioun, 
^ graven ftok or ftanc ttot did beleve, 
"'^ ^claring thampe thair jpreit abufioun^ 



Speakand in maner of derifioun. 
How deid idolis bj mennis handis wrpcfat, 
Quliom thaj honourit with huxnbil brifouOy 
War in the market daylie fauld^ and bocht. 

The devillis feand the evill conditioua ^ 

Of the Gentitfisy and thair unfaithftdnes^ 
For till augment thair faperftitioun. 
In thofe idoles thay maid thair entres, 
^nd in thame fpak, as florjis dois expres. 
Then men belpvit of thame to get rcleif, 
Afkand thame help in all thair befines. 
Bot finallie that turnit to thair mifcheif. 
Traifl weill^ in thame is na divinitie^ 
Quhen reik and roufl thair fair colour dois faid ; 
Thoch thay h^ve feit on foot thay can not flic, 
Howbeit the tempil birn abuve thair heid. 
In thap[ie is nouther freindfchip nor remeid. 
In fie figuris quhat favour can ye find ? 
With mouth, an4 eris, and ^ne thoch thay be maid. 
All men may fe thay ar dum, deif, and blind. 

Howbeit vhay fall doun flatlingis on the flure, 
Thay have na ftrenth thair felfe to rais agane* 
Thoch rattonis puer thame rin, thay tak na cure : 
Howbeit thay brek thair neck, thay feil na pane. 
Quhy fuld m^ pfalmis to thame fifig or fane. 
Sen growand treis that yeirlie beiris frute, ^ 
Ar mair tp prais, I mak. it to th^ plane. 
Nor cuttit (Voqkis, wanting baith crop and rute ? 

Of Edinburgji the greit idolatrie, 
And manifefl aLhominatioun, 
On thair feift day all creature may fie : 
Thay beir ane auld ftok image throuch the toun^ 
With talbrone,. trumpet, fchalme and clarioun, 
Quhilk have bene ufit mony ane yeir bygone. 
With preiftis and ireiiis into piocefiiouti, 
Sic like as Bell was borne throw Babylon. 



V^EXM MART, 1542 — 1567. ^ 93 

Efchame je not je fcculare prieftb and freiris^ 
Till fa greit fuperfiitioun tiU confent ? 
Idcdateris je have bene monjr jeiris, 
£zpres aganis the Lordis coftimandement. 
Quhairfoir bretberi I counfel jow repent i 
Give na honour to carvit fiok nor flone. 
But laude and gloir give God Omnipotent, 
AUanerlie, as wifelie writtis Johne. 

Fj on yow freirit that ufis for to preiche. 
And dois afEft to fie idolatrie. 
Quhj do yt not the ignorant pepill teich. 
How ane deid image carvit of ane trie. 
As it wcr balj, fuld not honoorit be. 
Nor borne on burges backis op and donn ? 
But je fchaw planelie jour hjpocrifie, 
Quhen je pas formoif in proceffioon. 
Fy on JOW foftareris of idolatrie. 
That till ane deid ftok dois reverence. 
In prefence of the pepill publikelie. 
Fear je nocht God to commit fie offence ? 
I counfel JOW do jit jour diligence. 
To gar fupprefs fie greit abufioun. 
Do ye nocht fo, I dreid jour recompenc^ 
£all be nocht els bot clein confufioun. 

Had St. Francis bene borne out throw the toun. 
Or St. Dominic, thoch je had not refufit 
With thame for till have pafi in proceflloun, 
Intill that cafe fum wald have jow excufit. 
Now men maj fe how that je have abufit 
That nobill toun throw jour hypocrifie. 
The pepill trowis that thaj maj richt weill ufe it, . 
Quhen je pas with thame into companie. 

Sum of JOW hes bene qujet counfallouris, 
Provokand princes to fched faikles blude, 
Quhilk never did jour prudent predeceflburis j 
But je like furiou9 Fharifeis denude 



in CHROKICLE Of* fOOTTlttt fOTUkfi. 

Of chcritic, quhilk rent Chrift on the rude. 
For Chriflis flock, without malice or ire, 
Convertit fragiU faultouris, I conclade 
B/Goddis word, withoutten fword or fire. 

Reid ye not how that Chrift hes gevin command 
Gif thy brother dois ocht thee to offend. 
Then fecreitlie correft'liim hand for hand 
In friendlie maner, or thow farther wend, 
Gif he will nocht heir thee, than mak it kend 
To ane or twa by trew narrationn. 
Gif he for thame will not his mis amend. 
Declare him to the Congregationn. 
And gif he yit remanis obftinate. 
And to the halie kirk incounfelabill. 

Than like ane Turk hald him excommunicate^ 
And with all faithful folk abhominabill, 

Banifching him that he be na mair abill 

To dwell amang the faithfull companie. 

Quhen he repentis, be not unmerciabill, 

Bot him reflave ag^ne richt tenderlie. 
3ot our dum dodouris of divinitie. 

And ye of the laft found rdigioun ! 

Of puir tranfgfeflburis ye have na pitie, 

Bot cryis to put thame to confufloun. 

As cry it the Jowis for the effufioun 

Of Chriftis blude into thair bimand ire, 

Crucifige ! fa ye with an unieun, 

Cryis, Garcaft the faultour in the fyre. 
Unm^rcifuH memberis of the Antichrift ! 

j^xtoUand your human traditioun, 

Contndr the inftitntion of Chrift, 

Effeir ye- not divine punitioun ? 

Thoch fomc of yow be gude of conditioUn, 

Reddy for to reflave new recent wyne, 

I fpeik to yow auld boffis of j^erditioun^ 

Keturn in time, or ye tin to rewyne. 

the peruerft ^rdphekis of BaeH^ 
did confent to the idolatrie 
d Achab king of IfiraeM, 
umbet war four htuidreth and f j£tie^ 
bonourit that jdol opinUe. 
a Elias did preve thair abufioim^ 
le pepill 4aj 4^^eiii <^udlie : 
hour cache "thurcopfufiouH. 
yow prent in jour renaeao^aii^^ 
Reid frieris for 4Chair id^datirie^ 
id| £<|iglaQd> Spaoe, Italy and Frasicei 
day warpuniffit piteouflie. 
•w your aw4n JMre^hrea now lakly, 
iandy England, Senmai^k^ and iNorroway^ 
pit doun 'Wich thak bypdcrifie, 
le fnaw ^ar molten elone -away. ' 

el that oi»r »bi&^pis thinkid «a fohaiQe^ 
'ow frieris fie pre-eminence, 
liair office to thair greit 4efaijQC^ 
for Iheii^ in opia audien^i^* 
t ^ne hifchop -eijc to his awin expeace^ 
rmoon %&n 4ucatis in his hand ; 
or he 4id lack that r-eGompence, 
I himfelf 4>aith into bargh and l»id. 
to £^ gude-refermatiouay 
e we get ane faithfull prudent king 
nawisthe t^'uth^ and his v^oatioun : 
canisy I ttaifi, be ivill doun thring, 
4DOt SxxSS&r in ^is realoi to rmg 
t fcribes, nor falfe Phturifience^ 
le treuth quhilk idao^ie -dois malipg | . 
king cum we muftttfk patience, 
areweill frieudis^ becaus I cannot flyte» 
I couldy ye man Jiald it^e-escufiti. 
aganis idoktik indyte, 
dei^y te 4liet wiH not yit i^fufc it^ 


I pray to Gkxl that it be na mair ufit 
Amang the rewlaris of this regioun, 
lliat common pepill be na mair aboilt, 
Bot gif him gloir that bure the cmell croun ;: 

Qubilk teichit us, be his dcvine fcripture. 
Till richt prajrer the perfite xeddy way. 
As writes Matthew in his (axth chapture. 
In quhat maner, and to quhome we fuld praj^ • 
A fchort co.mpendeous orafione evcrie day, 
Maift profitable baith for body and faull : 
The quhilk is nocht dkcAit, I heird (ay. 
To Johne, nor James, to Peter, nor to Paul ^ 

Nor to nane uther of the apeflles twelf. 
Nor to na fand, nor angell in the heyin ; 
Bot only till onr Father God himfidf, 
Quhilk orifone it dois contain full evin^ 
Maift profitable for us petitiounis fevih ; 
' Quhilk we lawick folk the Pater^nofter call ; 
Thoch we fay pfalmis nine, ten, or elevin. 
Of all prayeris this bene the principally 

By rtflbun of the Maker quhilk it maid, 
Quhilk was the Sone of God our Saviour ; 
Be reflbun als to quhom it fuld be faid. 
To the Father of hevin'our Creatour, 
Quhilk dwellis nocht in tempil nor in towre. 
He cleirly feis our thocht, will, and intent. 
Quhat neidis us at utheris feik fuccour, 
Quhen in all place hid power bene prefent ? 

Ye prynces of the preiftis, that fuld preiche, 
Quhy fuffer ye fa greit abufioun ? 
Quhy do ye not the fimple pepill teiche. 
How, and to quhome to drefs thair orifoun ? 
Quhy tholo ye them to rin from town to town. 
In Pilgramage till ony imageries, 
Hopand to get there fum fatisfaAioun,' 
Prayand to them dcvotlie'oa thair kneis ? 

^EEN MART, I542— 1567. 2J 

s was the f>ia3ik of -fum Pilgramage, 

1 fillokis into Fyfe began to fon ; 

Jock and Thorn than ^ay tuke thak vejage^ ' 

gus to the field chapell of Droa. 

BLittok there as keadzy as ane cone, 

ut regard outher to fin or fchame, 

Lowrie leif at lafure to lowp on :. 

tter bene till have tarrjit at hame. 

ve fene pas ane marvellous multitude, 

; men and women flingand on thaic feit, 

the form of fenyit fanftitude, 

I adore an image in Lawreit : 

cum^ with thair marrowis for to meit, ' ; 

ittand thair foul fomicatioun. 

ifiit the claggit taill of the herkneit* 

thole je this abhominatioun k ^ ^ 

bmicatioun and adulterie, 

randlie ye tak but littil cure, 

the mervellous infelicide, 
L hes fo ^ang done in this land indure, 
:r defalt^ quhilk hes the charge and cure, 
cue of treuth, my lordis, with your levc j 
gramage hes maid mony ane hure, 
c, gif 1 pleifit, planelie I micht preve, 
ly mak ye 4iot the fcriptures manifelt 
ir pepill tuitching idolatrie ? 
r preiching quhy have ye nocht expreft 
nony kingis of Ifraell cruellie 
»uneift by God fa rigorouflie ? 
roboam^ and mony ma, bot dout, 
Dtfchipping of caryit imagerie, 
rom thair realmis rudelie rutit out. 
ly thole ye under your dominioun^ 
raftie prieft, or fainyeit fals hermeit, 

the pepill of this regioun, 
hx thair particular profeit ? 




And fpeciallie that Mi'xmt 6f La^fie^ 
Jle pat tHe commouii pepill in bdete,^ 
That hMod gat ficht^ and c^ookil gat thair fakf 
The quhilk that patt^ahriA nia vny cam ap^eve^ 

Ye mar jit matt that he» ti^m ^afntoo wyfoj^ 
And luftie douchtor^ of jouttg and tend^ age, 
Quhais honeftie ye fitM tole as ^our Ijr&y 
Permit them nocht ta pas- in pilgFatoage^ 
To feik fuppo^it' of onj ftok image ; 
For I have wittin gude wemeii pas fra Kamei^ 
Quhilk hes bene tra^ptt with fio IvtBis rage^ 
Hes done returnit baith with fin and fchameir 

Get vLp, thow fleipid all tp l»ng, O Lonl, 
And mak ane haftie veformatioutii 
On them quhilk doi» tratep dtmn Aj gtacibns Word'; 
And hes ane deidlj indignatioun 
At them quhilk makis treu liairafioiiq 
Of thy gofpell fchawing the vdritit ! 
O Lord, I mak thee fuppiieatumn^ 
Support our fayth, our hope, and cheritie* 

John Knox, in one of his *< merie {[ories " gives the bef^ ilhnratioii 
of this poem. * At ilM* tirtit (i^jtt) the bi^ethrcifl kftfpit! tlUJ^ 6rti. 
ventiounis, and held couofk^Ks iteidi fiek gr«ivki< ilid ckfeaei. that 
the enemies tfembUt. Tho linages war ftolka away in all partis of the 
^iintrey ; and in Edinburgh was Chat greit idoll, Callet Sanff Ceill ^rft 
drownie in the North-loch, and fyne brunt ; which HaM M tttLiW (m- 
bill in the toun, for the fr^iris ttf^M VSt^ MVeiit ips^nti fhe l^efioppisiy 
and the bifchoppis ran apoM the Qgetn Regent^ ^ho thoclife it culd 
not (band with hir advantage to offend fie a multitude as than tuk u- 
poun them thedefens of the HvangelL Vet wald not the preiliis and 
frearis ceis to haif that grit fbl^fnpniti^ ktti matiilfeft stbhomifaHtfcmn 
whiche they accuftomabtie had upon St GdU's dsy; to wic^ thay vfatld 
have that idoll borne, and thairfore was all preparation denly made. A 
xnarmorfet idoll was borrowed from the Greay frearis, aftd was fad fix* 
ed with iron nailles upoun a batrow called thdii- tttibtU Thah! aflem. 
blic prcailis, frearis, chanooiii UmI mtl[i t^pifl^ Witii tl^oriiia uid 




lUrESM IfiAAT, IS^l^m^S^J* 

trtn^tin^ ftaatrk lad bag|c pypc*: md ^oIm wm tfave Id ficd tW 
rkig^bttt the Qoeifi Rcgme htrldf, with alt her fdufveUogi for hooow 
ol dia< teUt ! Weft about goe» tc, an^ evmmt down tli« hie ftpcer, and 
djOWA to the eoofoiie nofle. • The Queen Hcfciit wae t* dyae that 4«f 
ill ^tf)cdfr Ctrrfpymh fcovf, b0fwia tlu Iwwia; aad foqohan dM idott waa 
to retttfoe tmck again, fche kfc it, and paft in C9 bar dcwwr. Tbs 
beartea of tike bmlirriii war WMdarovflie iniiiii, and ictiif fie abli9- 
miflatioutt ib BiMfUfeftlie maoeeiMdy war drcrrit tole rem if iid . tans 
of tfaofodite w4rof fbcr imerpryM drtw ncf 19 tlw idoU aa willing » 
jMJip to bear him, and gfftti^g the faw i f r vpoo cbdr fehovUrowa, ba- 
gan to fchwder. thinking that charaby tbe idoU fovld have bttea; boc 
that waf provided and preiMnted b^ the irooo«iUea( aod fb begaa aa« 
to crj, Down with the idoll, down with it ! and fo wiclioM dcby it waf 
puUed down. Som bra^is maid the preaftii patroooia at the fir ft, boa 
^hey fone faw the febilceis of thair God ; for one tuik him bj the heal- 
lia» and dadding his heid to the calfay, left Dagon without held or ban- 
dis, and iaid, /jf u^ou thiy tb9%p y^^g ^*"'^ Gtili, tby ftibtr ^vmiU ha^ 
tarytd ftur /tub. T^^e preiftit and freiris fled fafler than thaj did at 
^inkU cUueb, Down Went the crocit ; off went the furplyiet, roood 
eapis, and cornet with the aownit. The grajr freiris gaipcd, the black 
f feitia Uew, iha prtiAis pasted aod fled, and happy waa he that firft gat 
tke bona**. 

V. 24. ** Ve of the laft founde religiooo.** Lindfay perhaps anode* to 
the Commiilion appointed after the Reformation by Edward VI. ««»• 
<54f > to fearch after and examine hercticks; that is, contemners of the 
Englifli book of Common Prayer ; who, in cafe of obflioate perfcveraoce 
in irrror, were to be ezcommanicated, and delivered over for farther pu« 
oiftmeot to the fecular power. The firfl vidUm of this GommUfion waa 
a woman named Joan of Kent, who was condemned, and adoally 
burnt for her heretical opinions; and, in April 1551, another perfoq 
was -burnt in Smithfield for a fimilar offence. Sir David's expreflioo of 
*' new fotmde religioan*' (hews thit the opinions of the Scottifh refor- 
mers, even at this early period, did by no means coincide with thofie oC 
tKe Eogliih church. 

1^. 35. •• How rhercid Irciris 

wer poniffit piteouflie." 

Several different orders of Monks and Friars were diftingnilhed by 
the name, of Red friars \ as, the Knights Templars, the Knights of St 
John of Jenifalem, o$herwife called of Malta, or Hufpitallers, and the 
Matharins or Trinity Friara. The firft and laft ot thefe wore a red 
crofs upon a white cloak ; the Hofpitallers originally a white crofs upon 
red field. Neither to thefe nor to the Mathurines did ever any parti, 
cular difafter befall ; but the order of Templars, to ufe the words of 
B]^c€d, coder the year J3i2} " was, upon proof of their general odious 



fiooet, and fcar'ce credible impieties, utterly abolifhed through Cbriflea- 
dome.** Philip the Fair, of France, caufed fifcy-lbur of their order, 
together with their great Maftcr, to be burnt at Paris io one day ; and 
their lands and icvenuet were every where annexed to the order of 
Knights Hofpitallerv, or of Malta. THeir principal pofleifions in Scot- 
land were TuUach, Aboyne, Inchynan, Marycalter, with the hofpitalt 
•f St Germans, Balantrodoch, and Kilbartha« befides many houfcf ta 
Edinburgh and Lcith, fome of them to this day diftinguiihed by a crofa 
en the top of the roof. To this foppreOion of the Templars, JLindfay, 
ao doubt, here alludes; the other tw6 orders continuing in a fiourifhiog 
ftate down to the time of the Reformation. The term ** Red friars** was^ 
however, always more generally appropriated to the Mathurinea than 
to. any other order. 

P. 25. *' Ane faithful prudent king.** Lindfay feems (Hll to have 
had in view the much defired union of the crowns of Scotland and Eng- 
land by the marriage of Queen Mary with the ** prudent and faithftil'^ 
Edward VI. ; he might, however, apply thefe epithets to the Dauphin 
M France, Henry II. being at that time (1552) the principal aUy of 
the piinces of the proteftant league. 

P. 27. ** Field chapelL of Dron." In the parifh of Dron, county of 
Perth, are the remains of two fmall chapels; one in the ea£l, the other 
in the weft part of the pariih ; which laft bears the name of Ecclejiama'- 
I'trde. No account is given of the origin of this name ; 'but fome have 
fuppofcd it to be a corruption of the church of St Magdalene. It be- 
longed to the abbey of I.ipdores. One of thefe is probably the chapd 
here mentioned. Lavireit meano the chapel of Loretto, at the eaft end 
of Muflclburgh. In a preceding part of the poem, Ktrrail Is Crail, on 
the eaft coaft of Fife, where theile was formerly a collegiate church be* 
longing to the priory of Haddington, and containing no fewer than 
nine altars dedicated to the Virgin Mary, St Catharine, St Michael, St 
James, the two St Johns, St Stephen, St Nicholas, and the high, altar* 
I9 a caftle Which overlooks the harbour, David I. is faid to have fre« 
quently reftded ; and, (according to Sir R. Sibbald and others,) proba. 
hly alio died, rather than at Carlifle. It was s^iciently called Carry le 
which, by fome tranfcribcr of Aldred, may have been miftaken for 


« I 


After along and laboured account of the '* Afferianis,- 
Perfianis, Gfekis, and Romanis,"' LindsaY gi*oes a 
defcription of the rife and progrefs gf the Papal fee, 

. fromfimple and humble beginnings^ to an enormity of 

fpititual tyranny ; and expofes its various modes ofex^ 

tortion in language that muf have made a confiderdble 

imprefjion upon the public mind* He then^ like a true 

politician^ proceeds to foretell what he anxioufly de-^ 

fires^ — a fpeedy emancipation from ecclejiaflical ty» 

ranny ; with a view of introducing which prophecy^ 

it is probable that LlNDSAY^s Dialogue %vas folely 

compofed. TChe frfi folemn bond or covenant ** t*> 

forfake and renounce the congregation of Sathao?* 

wasfgned on the ^d df December 1557. 

J\I ow haif I fchawin th€, as I can, 
How Papal Monarcbie began j 
Afcendand up aj gre be gre, 
Abufe the Empriouris Majeftie. 

Swa quhan thaj gat aqiang thair hand^s. 
Of Italic all the Empriours landis^ 
After that into ilk countrl^ 
Sprang up thair temporalities 
With fik ^rit ryches and fik rent. 
That thajr gan to be negligent. 
In making miniftratioun, 
To Chrjilis trew coDgre|[atioun , 



And tak na mair pajne in their preidiing^ 
And far les travel in their teiching ; 
Changing thair fpritualitie 
In temporall fenfueilitie. 

C. Father ! think ye that they are fore. 
That thaIr Empyre fall lang endure ? 

E. Appeirantlie it may be kend^ 

Q^oth he, thair gloir fall have ane eadC^ 

I mein thair temporall monarchie. 

Sail be turnit in humilitie. 

Thruch Goddis word, without debatt, 

Thay fall turn to thair firft eftait ; 

As in Daniel'^ prophecy ^ppearis. 

Thereto ihall not be many yearis, 

Albeit Chriflis faytb (hall never fail, 

filut more and more it ihall prevail. 

Though Chridis true congregatioun 

Suffers great tribulatioun* 

C Father, faid I, by ^uhat reafoun^ 

Sould Papal M onarchie come doun, 

Conliderand thair pre-eminence ? 

E. Said he, For difobedience ; 

Abuiing the commandement 

Quhilk Chrift left in his Teftament j 

ITfing thair own traditioun, 

Contrair Ghriflis inftitutioun^ 

Chrift in his lad conventioun. 

The day of his afcenfioun. 

To his difci^s gaif command. 

That thay fuld pafs to every land. 

To teche and preche with true intent. 

His law and his commandement. 

No other office he to thame gaif ; 

He did not bid thame feik nor^raif 

Corps-prefents, n*r offerandis. 

Nor yet lordfliips, nor temporal landis^ 




But now It may be hard and fanCf 
Baith with thine earis^ and thine ene^ 
How prelatis in eyerj land^ 
Take little cure of Chriilis comoiaadi 
Neither into thair deids nor fawif ^ 
Neglefting thair awn canon lawit • 
Ufing themfelvea contrariooSy 
For the maift ptft^ to Chrift Jelbas. 
Chrift thocht no fchame to be ane precbonri 
And to all pepSl of truth ane teaehoor* 
A Pope, Bifchop, nor Cardiaalf 
To teche and preche will nocbt be thraL 
They fend forth friers to tecb^ lor thame^ 
Qnhilk garris the pepiU mock fwe fchame* 
Chrift wald nocht be ane temporal king» 
Richly into no realm to ring^ 
But fled temporal ao&oritie» 
As in the fcripture thow may fie. 
All men may know how Popis lingif 
In dignity abuve all Kingis^ 
As well of temporalities 
As into fpiritualitie. 
Thou may fee be experience. 
The Pope's princely pre-eminence. 
In chronicles if thou lift to luke. 
How Carion wryttis in his bnke, 
Ane notabill narratiouUi 
The year of our falvatioun» 
Eleven hundreth fix and fyftie. 
Pope Alexander prefumptuouflie, 
Quhilk was the thxid Pope of that name. 
To Fredrike Empriour did diffiime* 
In Vcneis, that triumphand town, ^ 

That Dobyll Empriour gart If down 
^ Apone his wambe, with fchame and lak. 
Syne tred his feit apone his bak. 

Vol. III. E In 




In toknjTig of obedience. 

Thare he fchew his preheminence. 

And cauiit his Clergy for to fing 

Thir wordis efter following : 

Super afpidem et bafilifcum ambulabisy 
Et conculcabis leonem et draconem. 

Than faid this humyll Empriour, 

I do to Peter this honour. 

The Pope anfwerit with wordis wroith, 

Thow fall me honour^ and Peter Boith. 

Chrift, for to fchaw his humjll fpreit. 

Did wafche his pair difciplis feit. 

The Popis holynes, I wys, 

Wyll fuffer kjngis his feit to kys. 

Birdis had thare neftis, and toddis thare den^ 

Bot Chrift Jefus, faifier of men, 

In eirth had nocht ane penny breid 

Quhareon he mycht repofe his heid. 

Howbeit, the Popis excellence 

Hes caftellis of magnificence ; 

Abbottisy Byfchoppisy and Cardinallis> 

Hes plefand palyces-royallis ; 

Lyke Paradyfe ar thofe priellattis places^ 

Wantyng no pl^foure of fair faces. 

Johne, Androw, James, Peter, nor Paull, 

Had few houfis amang thame alT. 

From tyme thay knew the veri^ie, 

Thay did contempne^^U propcrtie. 

And wer rycht hertfuUie content 

Of meit, drynk, and abilyement. 

To faif mankind that wes f drlornc, 

Chrift bure ane creuell crown of thorne ; 

The Pope thr^ crownis for the nonis. 

Off gold poulderit with pretious ftonis. 

Off gold and fylver,! am fure, 

Chrift Jefus tuke bot lytiU cure ; 


APEEN UARTy 1541 — 1567. '■ 35 

nocliti quhen he yald ,the fpreit, 
imfelf ane wynding fchejt. 
fucceflburc, gude Pope Johne, 
le deceifit in Alvinione, 
behjmd hym ane treailoure, 
and fylver by mefoure, 
uft computatioun, 
rve and twentye myllioun, 
indyte Falmerius. 
niy and thow fall fynd it thus, 
difciplis wer weiU knawin 
1 vertew, quhilk wes be thame fchawin ; 
all fervent charitie, 

cience and humytie. * 

pis floke, in all regiounis, 
mn beft be thare clyppitcrownis. 
\ic did honour matromony 
5 Cane of Galaly j 
he, be his power divyne, 
ne the waiter into wyne ; 
chefit fum maryit men 
lis fervandis, as ye ken ; 
ter, duryng all his lyfe, 
ht no fyn to haif ane wyfe. 
nocht fynd in no paflage, 
Chrift forbiddeth marriage ; 
fum tyll ilk man to marye 
wantis the gift of chaiftitye. 
pe hes maid the contrar lawis 
Lingdome, as all men knawis. 
f his preiftis dar marye wyfis, 
no lefs pane nor thare lyfis. 
thay haif concubines fyftene, 
at cace thay ar ouerfene. 
chaiftitye thay keip in Rome, * 
1 kend ouer all Chriftendome. 



Chrift did fchaw his obedience 

Onto the Empriouris excellence. 

And caufit Peter for to pay 

Trjbute to Cefar for thame twaj. 

Paull biddis us be obedient 

To Kingis as the mod excellent. 

The contrair did Pope Celiftene 

Qahen that his fanditode ferene 

Did crown Henrj the Empriour, 

I thynk he did him foiall honour. 

For with his feit he did him crown. 

Syne with his fute the crown dang down ; 

Sayand, I haif auftoritie 

Men tyll exalt to dignitie. 

And to mak Empriouris and Kyngis, 

And fyne depry ve thame of thair ryngis. 

Peter, be my opinioun. 

Did neuer ufe fie dominioun. 

Apperandlye, by my jugement. 

That Pope red neuer the New Teftment. 

Gif he had lemit at that lore. 

He had refufit fie vane glore 

As Barnabas, Peter, and Paull, 

And rycht fo Chriftis difciplia all. 

The Capitaine Cornelius, 

Quhen Sandt Peter cum tjHil his houSji^ 

Tyll worfchip him, fell at his fett ; 

Bot Sandl Peter, with humyll fpreit. 

Did rais him up with diHgenoe, 

And did refufe fie reverence. 

Richt fo Sanft Johne, the Evangelift, 

The angellis feit he wald haif kift, 

Bot he refufit fie honoure, 

Sayand, I am hot fervitoute ; 

Rycht fo thy fallow and thy brother, 

GyfF glore to God, and to none other. 



•^UEEN MARY, I342 — 1567. 39 

Als tbaj have great prerogaty ves, 

That thay may depart with thair wyvcs. 

Without divorce or fummonding, 

Syne tak another without wodding. 
' Sum man wald think it luftie lyfe, 

Aj quhen he lift to change his wy fe. 

And tak another of more beautie ; 

But feculars lack that libertie. 

The quhilk are bound in mariage. 

Bot thay like rammis into thair rage, 

Unpiflellit, rinnis amang the yowis. 

So lang as nature in thame growis. 

And als the vicar, as I trow. 

He win nocht fail to tak ane cow. 

And umaift claith, thoch babes thame ban. 

From ane puir felye hufband-man, 

Quhen that he lieth for tyll die, 
. Havand fmall bairnis two or three ; 

That hath three ky without ten mo. 

The vicar muft- have one of tho ; 

With the grey cloke that liappis the bed, 
Albeit that he be puirly cled. 
And gjf his wyfc die on the morne; 
Thoch all the babes fuld be forlorne, 
The uther kow he cleiks away, 
With the puir coit of roploch gray. 
And gif within two years or three. 
The eldeft chyld happnis to die. 
Of the thrid kow he will be fure. 
Quhen he thame hath all under cure^ 
And father and mother baith are deid. 
Beg muft the babes without remeid. 
Thay hald the corps at the kirk-ftyle. 
And there it muft remain a quhile. 
Till thay get fufficient fouertie 
For thair kirk rycht and dewitic. 

' Then 

4d CH&oKicLs or scotnsB fovnr. 

Then comes to the landis lord perforce. 
And cleikis to faim i^ne horfe. 
Puir labourers wald thefe lawis war douo, 
Qohilk neaer was foundit bj reafoon. 
I heard tbame faj under confeffiouB, 
That law was brother to oppreflioun. 

In this and Tarioot other parts of the Mmurchus^ Lino sat qootM 
Cartas Chronicle^ Palmtrhu, the FafcicmUu tam p o rmm ^ and the Cbrmiua 
Cbrwcamm. Cario*8 Chronicle wat ortgmallj compoied abovt the b«- 
jl^inning of the fiztecnth ccotsry, hy Lodoricnt Cario, in emincoC Mt« 
thematiciao, and improved or written anew by M el a n fthotv Matthew 
Palmerios wrote a general Chron-cle from the fifth century ta his own 
timet, which was firft printed at Milan abont the year 1475. The 
Fafdculas Tempomm is a l^tin Chronicle, written ahoot the ead of 
the fifteenth century, by Werncras Rolewinck, a WeftphaKan, aad firft 
publiflied in the year 1478. The Chronica Chronicarnro, written by 
Hardmanons Schedelias, a phyfician at Noremharg^, and from which 
Undfay evidently took his philofophy in his Dm ems, was printed at 
Kuremburgh in 1493, and 1% at prdent a great cnriofity, at Mr Wart«n 
obfervet, to thofe who are fond of wondert conveyed in black letter 
and wooden cuts. Liodfay alfo quotes a tranflation (probably the 
French) of Orofios, an early Chnftian hiftoriani who had the honour of 
being tranflated into ADglo*Saxon by King Alfred, an edidos of 
which has lately been pubHfhed. For the ftory of Alexander the Grt»if 
our author feenis to refer to a MS. poem on that fubjcd, written by 
Adam Davie in the reign of Edward the Second. He likewife occa- 
fionally mentions Polydore Virgil, St Jerome, Avicen the Arabic phyfi-^ 
clan, Jofcphu«, Valerius Maximum, Livy, Hcfiod, and Homer. W. 



ST^is divijton is merely a Continuation of the formef ; hut 
in a different ^dn^a^ and alluding more particularly to 
the celibacy of the Clergy^ a fyfient which was origin 
nally introduced^ as Lord Hailes ohferves^ hy fome 

fuferfiitious refinement an the laws of God and tiO'^ 
ture. *' Could men have Been kept alive y (continues 
*' his Lordjhip^y without eating and drinking^ ^as well 
** as without marriage y the fame refinements would 
** have prohibited ecclefiqflics from eating and drin^^ 
*' i^gi and thereby elevated them fo much nearer to 

/* the fiate of angels. In procefs of time, however, 
** this fanatical interdiSiion became an inflrument of 
" worldly wifdom ; and ihus^ as frequently happens^ 
** what nveak men began ^ politicians completed. The 
" Scotti/b Clergy, in obedience to their fuperiors^ fub- 
•' mitted to the laws of celibacy, ^he confequences 

,*« ^re well known : fuis ut ipfa Roma viribiis ruit," 


Jl ather, fajd, I, quhat rewl keip thay in Rome, 
Quhilk hes fpirituall dominioun, • 

And monarchic abnfe all Chriftendome ? 
Schaw me, I mak you fupplicatioun. ' 

jE. My fone, I wald mak>trew narratioun. 
Said he : To Peter and Paul thoch thay fucceid^ 
I think thay preve nocht that into thair deid. 

Vol. III. F ri>r 


For Peter, Andrew, and Johne, wcr filharis fine 
Of men and women to the Chriftian faith : 
But thaj have done fpreid thair net with huik and lin 
On rentis riche, on gold and uther graith ; 
Sic fifching to negleft thay will be laith. 
For quhy thay have fifchit ouerthort the (Irandis, 
Ane greit part trewly of all temporall landis. 

With the tent part of all gude movabill. 
For the uphalding of thair digniteis : 
Sa bene thair fifching verray profitabill^ 
On the dry land as weill as on the feis : 
Thair hely water thay fpred in all countriesj^ 
And with thair hois net daily drawis to Ronxe, 
The maid fine gold that is in Chriftendome. 

I dar Weill fay, within this fif tie yeir, 
Rome hes reflavit furth of this regioun. 
For bullis and benefice quhilk thay buy full deir, 
Quhilk micht full weill have pay it ane kingis ranfouc 
But wer I worthy for to wear ane croun, 
Preiftis fuld na moir our fubflance fa confoum. 
Sending yeidy fa greit richfcs to Rome. 

Into thair tranialt liet thay fangit ane fifche 
Mair nor ane quhale, worthy of memorie, 
OF quhom th^y have had mony dainty difche,* 
Be quhilk thay ar exaltit to greit glorie. 
That marvellous monftour callit Purgatorie, 
Albeit to us it be nocht amiabiU, 
It hes to thame bene very profitabill, 

Lat thay that fruteful fifche efchape thair net. 
Be qtihill^ thay have fa greit commoditeis, 
Ane mair fat fifche I traift thay fall nocht get, - 
Thoch thay fuld feirch ouirthort the oceiaiie feis ; 
Adew the daily dolorous dirigeis. 
Seillie puir preiftis may fing with hart full forie. 
Lack thay that paneful palace Purgatorie, 
i . Farewe 

t^EEN MARY, I542— 1567. 4^ 

JWeweill MonkrieJ with chanoun, nun, and frcir, 
AUace, thay will be lightleit in all landis. 
Cowlis will na mair be kend in kirk. nor queir, 
Lat thay that frutefuU fifche efchape thair handis. 
I counfali thame to bind him faft in bandis. 
For Peter, Androw, nor Johne, culd never get 
, Sa profitabill ane fifche into thair net. 
Thair merchandice into all natiounis. 
As prentit leidj thair walx and parchement, 
Thair pardounis and thair difpenfatiounis, 
Thaj do exceed funi tempbrall princes rent ; 
w fie trafRke thay ar nocht negligent. 
^^ benefice thay liiak glide merchandice, 
Throw Syiiionie, quhilk thay hald lytiU vic^. 

Chrift did command Peter to feid his fchfeip. 
And fa he did feid thame full tenderlie. 
^f that command thay take but lytil keip, 
Bot Chriftis fcheip thay fpiilye peteoiiflie. 
And with the woU th*ay cleith thartie curiouflie. 
like gormand wolfis thay tak of thame thair fude, ' 
Thay eit thair flefchc, and driukis baith milk and Uude* 

For that office thay 'ferve hot lytill hyre. 
I think fie paftouris ar nocht for till prifc, 
Quhilk can nocht gyde thair fcheip about the my re, 
Thay ar fa befy in thair merchandife. 
Thocht Peter was porter of Paradice, 
Ths^t plefand paffage craftelie thay clbis ; 
Throw thame richt few gettis entres, I fuppois. 

Chrift Jefus faid, as Mathew dois report. 
Wo be to the Scribis and Pharifience, 
The quhilkis did clois of Paradice the port. 
Of tha^e we have the fame experience. 
To enter thair thay mak fmall diligence, 
Thay tak no cure of teniporall befines, , 
Richt fa from us thay flop the plane entres. 



. Thefe fpiritual keis quhilkia Chrift to P^er g^if*, 

Thair cullour clei^ with reik sm4 tquA: is fadit \ 

Unoccupjit ^hajr hald tliame in thair naif. 

Of that office thi^j 'fenre to he <iegradit j 

With Goddi5 ^oxd, without that i^j remeid it. 

Oppening the poi^t qubilk laiig tymq has bin clofit. 

That we may enter with ^h^^Q^^i ?^4 be rejoiit. 

Contrair till Chriftis inftitvitiouD^ 
To thame that deis in habite of ane freir, 
Rome has thaop^e gran»ti( full renu£l^un 
To pas till Hevin fttaucht ws^jr Mrittouttin weir> 
Quhilk bin in Scotland ufit moojr ane jeic. 
Be thair iic vertew in aae freiris hude, 
I think in vane Chi;ift Jefvis fiphed his blude. 

Wald Qod the Pop^, quhilk l^as pre-e^iineiiQe^^ 
With advice of his couniall generally . 
That thay wald do thair detfull diligence 
That Chriftis law micbt keipit be ouir all. 
And trewlie prei,chit b^th to. greit and fmall ; 
And gcve to thajogie fpirituall a^uthoritiey 
Quhilk culd perfitelie fchaw the veritie. 

Quha cannot preighe, ane preift fuld not be namit,. 
As may be previt be the law devyne \ 
And be the canoa law thay are defamit < 
That takis preiftheid but- onely to t;hat fjme. 
Till all vertew thair hartis thay fuld in<;lyne. 
In fpeciall to preiche with trew intenti^. 
And minifter the neidful Saeran^entis. 

As for thair monkis, thair chanonis, and thair freiris, 
And luftie ladyis of teligioun, 
I know not quhat to thair office effciris, 
Bot men may f^ thair greit abnfioun. ^ 

Thay ar not like into cpnclufioun. 
Neither into thair wordis nor thair warkis, 
To the apoftolis, prophetis, nor patriarkis. 


QPEEK MARY, 1542 — 1567. 45 

Gif prefentlie thir prelatis cannot preiche, 
Than let ilk bifchop have ane ft^ifragane. 
Or fucceffourc, quhilk can the pepill teiche, 
On thair expenfis yeirlie to remane, 
To caus the pepill from thair vyce refrane. 
And quhare ane prelate hapnis to deceace. 
Than put ane perfite prechour in his place. 

Do thay not fa, on thame fall be the charge, 
Gevand unabill ntieu authoritie ; 
As, quha wald mak ane fteirman till ane barge^ 
Of ane blind borne quhilk can na. danger fe. 
Gif that fchip droun, gude fuith, I fay for me^ 
Quha gaif that fleirman fie commiflioun^ 
Suld of the (chip mak reftitutioun. 

The human lawis that ar contrarious, 
And nocht conforming to the law divyne, 
Thay fuld expelU and hald thame odious, 
Quhen thay perfave thame cum to na gud fjne,. 
Inventit hot be fenfuall mennis ingyne* 
As that law quhilk forbids mariagc, 
Caufing yong clarkis birn in luftis rage. 

Difficill is chaftitie till obfervejL 
But fpeciall grace, labour, and abftinence. 
Intill our flefche ay rignis till we fterve, 
That firft priginall fin concupifcence, 
Quhilk we throw Adamis inobedience 
Hes done incur, and fall indure for ever, 
Quhill that our faull and bodie deith dilTever. 

Quhairfoir God maid of mariage the band 
In Paradyce, as fcripture dois record. 
In Galilee, richt fa I undirfland. 
Was mariage honourit be Chrill our Lord. 
Auld law and new, thairto thay do concord. 
I think for me, better thay had lleipit. 
Nor till have maid ane law, and never kcip it. 



Tuke not Chrift Jefu§ his bumanitiey 

Of anc virginc ia mariage contraftit, 

And of hir flefche cled his dignitie ? 

Quhy then have thay that blisfull band<lejeftit 

In thair kingdome ? Wald God it war correftit. 

That yong prelatis micht marie laftie wjfis. 

And nocht in fenfuall lull to leid thair lyfis. 
Did nocht Chrift cheis, of honeft maryit men^ 

Als Weill as thay that keipit chaftitie. 

For to be his difcipulis^ as ye ken ? 

As in the fcripture cleiilie thow may fee, 

Thay keipit ft ill thair wyfis with honeft ie. 

As Peter and his fpoufit brethren all 

Obervit chaftitie matrimoniall. 

Bot now appeiris the propbecie of l^aull; 
How fum fuld rile into the latter age. 

That fiom the trew faith fuld depart and fall. 
And fuld forbid the band of mariage, 
As thow fall find into that fame "pafiage. 
Thay fuld command from meitis till abftene, 
Quhilk God creat, his pepill to fuftene. 

Bot fen the Pape, our fpirituall prince and kmg. 
He dois ouerfe fie vices manifeft, 
And in his kingdome fufferis for to ring. 
The men be quhome the veritie bin fuppreft, 
I excufe not himfelf mair than the reft. 
Allace I How fuld we memberis be weill ufit, 
Quhen fa our fpirituall heidis bene abufit. 

The famous ancient Dodlor Avicene, 
Say is, quhen evil rewme difcendis'from the heid. 
Into the members g(?neris mekill pene. 
Without thair be maid haftelie remeid, 
Quhen the cald humour dounwart dois proceicl*. 
In fennounis it caufis Arthetica, 
lUcht fa in the handis the cramp Chcragra. 


qjJEEN MART> 1542— 1567. 47 

Of xnaledyis it generis monie mo^ 
Bot gif men get fum foverane pteferve. 
As in the theis Sclathica paflio. 
And in the breifl fum tyme the ftrang Caterve, 
Qubilk caufis men richt haiftelie to llcrve ; 
And Podagra, difficul for to cure; 
In mennis feit quhilk lang time dois indure. 

Sa %o this maifl triumphand court of Rome, 
This fimilitude full weill I may compair, 
Quhijk hes bene herfchip of all Chriftindome, 
And to the warld ane evill exemplair, 
That umquhil was leid fterne and luminair. 
And the maifl fapient fait of fandtitude : 
Bot now, allace, hair of beatitude. 

Thair kingdome may be callit Babjlgne, 
Quhilk umquhile was ane bricht Jeruf^lem, * 

As planelie meois the apoftil Johne, 
Thair maift famous citie hes tint the fame, 
Inhabitaris thairof, thair nob ill name ; 
For quhy ? thaj have of San(9:is habitakle 
To Symon Magiis made ane tabernakle ; 

Ane horrible vail of everilk kinde of vice, 
Ane laithlie loch of ftinkand licherie, 
Ane curfit cove, corrupt with covatice, 
Bordoyi^rit about with pride and fymonie j 
Sum fay is, ane ciftern full of fodomie, 
Quhais vice in fpeciall, gif I wakl declair, 
It war eneuch for till perturbe the air. 

Of treuth, the haill Chriflian religioua ^ 

Throw thame ar fcandalizat and offendit. 
It can not faill bot thair abuiioun 
Befoir the throne of God it is afcendit. 
I dreid, but dout, without that thay amend it. 
The plagues of Johnes Revelatioun 
Sail fall upon thair generatiouo. 

' - O Lord, 


O Lord, quhiik hes thehartis ofevcric king 
Into thv hand, I mak the fupplicatioun. 
Convert that Couit, that of thj grace bening^ 
Thay wald mak geaeral reformatioun 
Amang thame felfis in CTcrie natioun. 
That thay may be ane halie exetnplait 
Till us, thy puir la wit commoun popolair 

Houngarit, allace ! for want of fpirituall fade, 
Becaus from us bene hid the vcritie. 
O Prince ! for us quhilk fched thy precius Uude^ 
Kendill in us the fyre of cheritie. 
And fave us from eternal miferie. 
Now labouring into thy kirk militant. 
That we may aU cum to thy kirk tryumphant* 


OIF our talkeing now latt us mak ane end ; 
Behald quhow Fhebus dounwart dois difcend^ 
Tow art his palyce in the Occident. 
Dame Synthea, i fe, fcho dois pretend 
Intyll hir wattry regioun tyll afcend* 
With viffage paill up from the orient 
The dew now dounkis, the roffis redolent ; 
The ni^reguldis that jdl day wer rejofit, 
OfFPhebas heit now craftelly ar clofit. 

The blyfsful byrdis bownis to the treis. 
And ceillis of thare hevinlye armoneis ; 
fhe corne-craik in the croft, I heir her cry; 
The bak, the howLit, febill of thair eis. 
For thare paftyme now in the evinnyng fieis ; 
The nychtyngaile, with mirthf all melody, 
Hir naturall notis perfith throw the iky, 
Tyll Synthea makand hir obfervance, 
aQuhilk on the nycht dois tak hir daJyance* 

i^ili^N unit, 1541-^15^7. 19 

i ft Poi-artike in the north appeir* 
And Venys rjfling wii:h hir l)cmis cleir ; 
Q^harffor^ my fann^, I hal4 it tyme to go, 
^aW God, (aid f , ye did remane all jreir. 
That I mycbt of jrour hevijjlj leflpnis Jqir. 

^^ jour 4ep^rtyog I am wounicter wo. 

^^ paeieofc^ faid ke^ it rndne be fo* 
*^prchance I fall returije with diligence, 
I'bus I depjartlt frojw E:?pfirleap^^ 

A^ f^d me^ hom/e, mkh kert fyching full Ibre^ 
Aiid ehterit in tny quyet oritore, 
* tuk this paper, and thi^re begiin to wry te, 
Tbh Miferip, »$ yc h^if k«i«i a&r^. 
^B g^ntyll redarifi, hertlye I implore 
^^or tyji excjife my ruraH rude indyte. 
Thoijcb Plurrfei^ wyU hwf u m^ diipyfe, 
^Qihilku w^ Aot tliAf: tbar« €r<a£tyn«s wcr bead; 
**^t God be jugCj and fo I mat ane tnd. 

<W ■HMWtTlWfW ■ mi ipggg 

^^-^^ ; the 4atc of iJb,c jpeiatig^ Ucing wvio\fHr 4 i;f ISS$* as.»pii<iar8 by 

^ p/Jii^snMPt; 

Of qobilk ar1i}jr gone fi^eriye) 
^ytc th^ufand fyfc hiindrcih thrfi and ^ftyc» 
And fo remains to cum but weir, / 

Four handreth with fewin and fourtye yein 

in moft of the Hibfe^uent editions down to that of Andrew Itart iri 
^^35, thefe lines were altered to fuit the date of the impreffion • fince 
^'^tjud;! .time, Hart*8 edition hai continued to be the ftandaM copy ; not 
'^^^ly iitthit date, but in the orthography. 

V. 42. Peter, Ahdrow, &c. were fifharis fine.] It is probable that 
^(^vely had this chapter in his eye when he wrote his Romi(h Horfe- 
-^^^ch. ** According to the do<Strine of the Church of Rome, fays he, 
4 «fus Chrift gaveto Peter and his fuccefibrs not only a power to li(h 

Vol. ni# G tot 


for meo, but for money ; aod for that porpofe conferred on tbem a 
right to fifli in all fecular ponds aqd rivers. « For the kings of the earth, 
fays Jefus Chrift, from whom do they receive tribute ? — Not furely 
from ti», for we are free. But go thou to the lea, and call forth a 
hook, and take the ftrft fifli that cometh up ; and when thou haft open- 
ed its mouth, thou ihalt find a piece of money ; that take.*^ Hereby a 
fifhing right, they contend, was edabliihed to fifti in all waters, that is, 
among all people and nations: and the expreflion « Launch out into the 
deep,** fighified, ** Go up to Rome,** which had a vaft dominion, and 
from whence therefore they might fpread their nets over all the woild. 
To the fame purpofe David exclaims, Thou hafl put all things under 
his feet; all fheep,,that is Chriftians ; and oxen, or Jews; yea, and the 
beafts of the field, or Pag^s ; the fi(h of the fea, that is, fouls in purga- 
tory ; and the fowls of heaven, or blefled fpirits and angels.-— Such is 
the magical nature of quotations from the Holy Saiptures-f Venerable 
Bede has left us a curious pidure of the pains of Purgatory in a flory 
of a certain Monk of Mailros, ( Melrofe^) who, after being fome hours 
dead, arofe again to life, and related many remarkable things which ho 
had feen, particularly Purgatory, which he defcribed as a vale of great 
breadth, and infinite length ; on the left, it appeared full of dreadful 
fire and flames ; the other fide was no lefs horrid, on account of tern* 
peftuous hail and fnow continually flying about in all diredlions. Both 
lakes-were brim-full of fouls, who had no other relief but in leaping 
out of the one lake into the other, as if they had been tofled about by 
a tremenduous hurricane, &c. It is eafy to conceive, that whoever be- 
lieved in this horrible chimera, would endeavour to fecure for himfelf, 
upon any terms, fomething like a comfortible birth in it ; or, at feaft, a 
ihorter period of purgation. Hence the vail number of Monafteries, 
Abbies, Nunnerys, free chaples, chanteries. Sec, which were founded 
all over Chriftendom. , Even although a perfon had many children to 
provide for, or many debts to pay, it was common to neglsdt all con. 
iiderations of that fort, and to lay out his whole fortune in the appoint- 
ment of Mafles, Diriges, Placebot,. Requiems, &c. to be performed at 
fiated times for the benefit and eafe of his poor unhappy foul. Hence 
alio the pradice of burying in Monaileries^ upon a prefumption that 
the departed fouls would in fome degree be relieved by the prayers of 
the godly. 




Wcjhall now difmtfs Lindfay's ^* Dialogue of the Monar* 
chies^* with his ** Epiftle Nuncupatory," which, as it 
appears only in the oldeji 4/0. editions^ and has fome 
reference to the flate of the country in 15531 ^^y ^y 
fome readers he ejleemed curiojity. 

X HOW Ijtlil quair of mateir miferabiU ! 
Weill aucht thow <:overit for to be with fabill ; 
Renunceand grene, the purpour, reid and^ quhite ; 
To delicate men thow art nocht deledabill^ 
Nor yit till amorous folkis amyabill. 
To reid on th6 thay will have na delite. 
Warldly pepill will have at thee defpite^ 
Quhilk fixit has thair hart and haill intenti3 
On fenfual luA, on dignitie and rentis* 

We have na king, thee to prefent, allace ! 
Quhilk to this cuntrie bene ane cairfuU cace. 
And als our Quene of Scotland heritour, 
Scho dwellis in France, 1 pray God fave hir grace, 
Jt war too lang for thee to ryn that race j 
And far langer or that yong tender flour 
Bring haim to us ane King and governour :" 
Allace ! thairfoir, we may with forrow fing 
Quhilk muft fa lang remane without ane King. 

I not quhome to my fimplenes to fend. 
With cunning men, from time that thow be kend. 
Thy vaniteis na way thay will avance, 
Thinking th6 proud, fie thingis to pretend, 
Notwithftanding th^ ftraucht way fall thow wend, 



To thame quhillc has the realme in governance, 
Declair thy «iind to them with circumftance. 
Ga firfl to James out Prince ittid ptoteftoiif ^ 
And his brother oiir Spirituall Govcrnoiir, 

And Prince of preiftis in this natiouh, 
Efter reverend recommendatioun, 
Under thair fcit thow lawlie thee fubmit. 
And mak thame huffibill fupplicatioun, 
Gif thay in the find wrang nairatioun. 
That thaj^ %ald pleia thy faUis to remit; 
And of thair grace gif thay doe th6 admits 
Than ga thy way qi^hair euer thow pleifis bcft, 
Jle thay content, niak reverence to the reft. 

To feithfuU f rUdehf pattouf is fpirituall, 
To nobill Erles artd Lordls tempof all, 
Obedientlie till thame thow thee addres, 
Declairing them this fchdft meniofiall. 
How mankinde bene to miferie maid thrall, 
^t lenth to thame the caus planelie eonfes^ 
Befeikand them all lawis to fuppres^ 
Inventit be mennis traditioun 
Contrair to Chriftis inftitutipuh. 

And cau$ them cleirlie for till underftandi 
That for the b|:iking of the Lordis^ command. 
His thrinfald wand of jflagellatioun 
Hes fcurgit this puir rjealme of Scotland 
Be mortal weiris baith be fey and land^ 
With monie terribill tribulatioutl. 
Thairfoir mak to them true narratibun. 
That all our weiiis> this derth, hunger and peftj 
Was not hot for our finnis manifeft, 

Declait to them how \\x the time of Noy, 
Alluteilie Gdd did the w^rld deftrey. 
As hali^-fcripture makis ndentioun, 
3odom, Gomor, with thair tegioun and Roy^ 
God fpairil nouther man, wojnan^ nor boy^ 
Bot all Wer brint for thair otfenfioun. 
Jerufalem, that maift triumphant toun, 
Deftroyit was for thair iniquitie, 
As in the fcripture planelie thpw" diay ii. 


Declair to them this mortall miierie. 
Be fword and fyre, derth^ pcft and povertie, 
Pfoceidis of fyn, gif I canricht defcryvc, 
For laik of faith, and for idolatrie. 
For fornicatioun, and for adulterie 
Of Princes^ prelatis, v?ith mon;e ane man and wyv^, 
Expcll the cauSy than the c&&. btfly vc 
Sail ceis : quhcn that the pepill dois repent^ 
Than God fall flaik hi3 bow quhilk yit is bent. 

Mak them tequcft quhilk hes the governance 
The fynceir word of God for till avancc, 
Conforme to Chriftis ini^itutioun^ 
Without hypocrifie or diflimutance, 
Caufing Juftice hald evinlie the ballance, 
On publicaiiis making punitioun» 
Commending them of gude conditiotin. 
lliat being done, I dout not but the Lord 
Sail of this Guntrie have mifericord. 

Thocht God, with Hoonie terribill elFrayis, 
Hes done this cuntrie fcurge be diyers wayis. 
Be juft judgement, for our grevous olFence, 
Declair to th^m thay fall have merie dayis 
Efter this tro-v^rbill, as the Prophcit fayis : 
Quhen God fall fe our hnmbill repentence. 
Till ftrange pepill thocht he hes geveii licence 
To be our fcurge induring his defire. 
Will, quhen he liil> that fcurge caft in the fire. 

Piray them that thay put not thair efperancc 
In mortall men ondie them till avance j 
Bot piittcipallie in God omnipotent. 
Then neid thay not to charge the real me of France 
With gunnis, galayis, nor uther ordinance. 
Sa that thay be to God obedient 
In thir premiiles, be thay not negligent 
Difplayand Chriftis banner hie on hicht, 
Thftir enemies of them fall have na micht. 

Ga hence, puir buik ! quhilk I have done indytc 
In rurall ryme, in manner of defpyte, 
Contrair the warldis variatioun 
Of rethoiike, here 1 proclaim tlie quhyt. 
Idolatouris I feir fall with the flyte, 



Becaus of them thow makis narratioun. 
Bot cure thow not the indignatioun 
Of hypocritis, aud fals Pharifience, 
Hotvbeit on the thaj call ane loud vengence. 

R«queft the gen till reidar that th^ reidis, 
Thocht ornate tennis into thj park not fpreidis, 
As thaj in the may have experience, 
Thocht barrane feildis beiris nocht bpt weidis. 
Yet bratal beiftis fweitlie on tliame feidis» 
Defire of them nane uther recompence, 
Bot that thaj wald reid the with patience ; 
And gif thay be in onie way offendit, 
peclair t^ them it fall be weill amendit. 

Tt has already been chfrrved that the Scottilh reformers difcovered ve- 
ry early a preference to fome plan of Church Government different 
from that which had been adopted in j^ngland ; for which Warton- in 
his Hillory of Englilh Poetry en4eavours thus to account : " the pomp 
and elegance of ih? ratholick worfhip made no impreflioQ on a people 
\f hofe devotion fougI)t only for iblid edification ; and who had no no- 
tion that the interpofiticn of the fenfcs could with any propriety be 
admitted to co-operate tn an exercife of fuch a nature, which appealed 
to reafon alone, and feenied to exclude all aid of the imagination. Ix 
was therefore natural that fuch a people in their fyftcni of fpiritual re- 
finement, fhould warmly prefer the feverc and rigid plan of Calvin." 

Probably the true reafon of this preference is rather to be found in 
the circumftan^e of the Scots being, at the time of the Reformation, 
under what was then called the monjirous rfgiment of ivomen, England 
had acknowledged Henry VIII. as the head cf the Church ; but it was 
impoflible for the Scottilh Reformers to followr her example* Their 
monarch was a young woman ed-jcated in France according to the 
ftrifltfl Catholic funn. To have placed a perfon of that defcription at 
the head of the Scottifh Kirk, would, in the language of Knox, have 
been •• repugnant to nattre, an abomination before the Lord, and a 
•* thing mofl contrarious to his revealed and approved ordinance, vvhich 
*f exprcWy ordain?, that ** h the CorgvegatiQn lVt,me9 muji ktep pence ^\ 





^th»fe who wifh to be informed of the particulars of 
the life of Cardinal Betoun, or Bcthune, may confnlt 
** Crawford's Officers of State," or any of the general 
hi/lories of Scotland^ where be rnahes a confpicuctus ap- 
pearance from £528 to his untimely death in 1546 ; the 
manner of which is detailed by John Knox with a fa^ 
vage minutenefs^ Sir David Lindfay too in this per-^ 
formance rakes together every circumjiance that can 
ferve to fiatn the CardinaVs memory. Jf it was puh- 
li/hed^ as f aid by Ames, in 1546, it ought ^ in firiBnef 
of arrangement y to have preceded the Monarchies, which 
was erroneoujly fuppofed to have be^n a prior compojt^ 
tiony as not the Jlightefl allujion to the fate of Bethunc 
is therein to be founds although in one of the chapters 
he treats exprefsly of the downfall of ambitious mcn,^^ 
Probably by the publication of this Tragedie he had 
given fome offence to his kinfman and Chief David the 
mafter of Crawford, ivho a few weeks before the Car- 
dinaPs murder had married his daughter j and therefore 
our poet might fee caufe to avoid the fuhje6i entirely in 
bis Monarchies. 

Fromfimilar appearances a fufpicion here arifes that 
the biftory of Squire Meldruin was alfo written after 
this Tragedie of Cardinal Bcthune. 

Mor tales 

^6 imtomctt or Scottish rotTRt^ 

Mortaies cum fuiti JU'Uy ne fupra Deum t/^s irfMerkU^ 

IN or lang ago, efter the hour of prime, 

Sccreitlie fitting in my oratotie, , ' 

I tukc aue bukc till occupy the time, 

Quhair I i^nd mooie tragedie and (lory 

Qahilk Johne Boccas had put in metnory ; 

How monie princes, conquerotiris and kiAgi^ 

War dulefully depofit from tbair rtngi^. 

How Alexander the potent conqvberour 
Ih Babylon was poyfonit piteoufly ; 
And Julius, the michtie Empu4>ur, 
MurdreH at Ronie, caufles aod cruelly. 
I'radent Poropey in E^ypt fichamcf ally 
' He murdreift was : Quhat neidi^ proces iiu>Sr 
C^hais tragedies wer petie till deploir ? 

I fitting fa upon my buke reiding, 
B.icht fuddanely afoir me did apeir 
Ane woufldit man abouadaatlie bleidjog. 
With vifage pail, afid with ane deldly cheir^ 
Semaod ane man of twa asd fyf tie yeir ; 
In raiment jreid clothit fultcuriouflie. 
Of velvet and of fatynecrainmofie. 

With fd)ili voice, as mzn oprieft with pane^ 
Softlie he maid me fupplicatiouri. 
Saying : My frieod, ga r*;id and reid agane, 
Gif thow exn Sisd, be trew uaxratiouoi 
Of onie pane like to my poffioim* 
Richt fure I am, wer Johne Bdceas on lyve, 
iSj tragedy at lenth he wald defcryve. 




Sen he is gane, I pnij tile till mdyte^ 
Of mj iafortune fnm remembrance. 
Or Ht the leiil my tragedie to wrjte, 
As I to the foli fchaw the cifcumftancei 
In termis breve of my unhappy ch^ance, 
Sen my beginning till my fetall end> 
Quilk I wald till all creature wer kend. 

I not, faid I^ to mak & memoii^lly 
Bot of thy name I haxi intelligenpfe. 
1 am David that cairfnl Cardinally 
Quhilk dow apeir, faid he, to thy prefencp; 
That umquhile had fa grcit pre-eaiinrncei 
Than he began his detdis til indite. 
As yc fall heir^ and I began to write. 

tHE tRAGfeliT t)i? tltt: CARbtitAt,; 

X David Bjetoun, umquhile Cardinall, 

Of nobill blude be lyne 1 did difcend. 

During my time^ I had na peregall ; 

Bot now, allace ! is cum' my fatal! end. 

In gre be gre lipwart I did afcend, 

Sa that into this realme did never ring 

Sa greit anc man as 1 under ane king. * \ 

Quhen I was ane yong joly gentilmaii^ 
Princes to ferve Ifet iny haill intent, 
Firft till afcend) at Arbroith I began 
In ane abbacie oi greit riches and rent. - 
Of that eftait yit was I not content. 
To get mair riches, dignity, and gloir, 
My hart was fet j allace, allace thairfoir. 
,. Vol. Ill; a imaid 


I maid fie fervice to our Soverape King, 
He did promote me to mair hie edait. 
Ane Prince above all pteiftis for to ring, 
A.rchebifchope of Sandt Androis confecrait. 
To that honour quhen I was elevait. 
My prjdefuU hart was nocht content at all 
Till that I creat was ane Cardinall, 

Yit preif&t I till have mair aHthoritiej 
And finally was chofen Chancellair^ 
And, for uphalding of my dignitie. 
Was maid legate ; than had I na compair* 
I purcheft, for my profite fingulair. 
My boxis and my trefour to avance. 
The bifehoprick of Merapois in France. 

Of Scotland I had the govemaB. 
But my avife concludit was na thing. 
Abbot, bifchop, atchebifchop, cardinal!, 
Into this r^me na hier culd I ring, 
Bot I had bin Faip, Empriour, nor King.^ 
For fchortnes of the time, I am not abill 
At lenth to fchaw my aftis honourabill. 

For my maift princelie prodigalitie, 
Amang prelatis in France I bure the price ^ 
I fchaw my lordlie liberalitie 
In banketting, playing at cartis and dice. 
Into fie wifdome I was haldin wife, 
And fpairit not to play with King nor Knichr, 
Thre thoufand crownis of gold upon a nicht. 

In trance I maid four honeft voyages, 
Quhaif I did a&is digne of remembrance. 
Throw me war maid tryumphand mariages. 
Till our Soverane baith profite and plefance. 
Quene Magdalene, the firft dochter of France*, 
With greit riches was into Scotland brocht ; 
That mariagc throw my wifdome was wrocht. 


qjJEEK MARY, 1542—1567. 59 

Afte. ^uhais deith in France I paft agane ; 
The fecund Quene homewart I did convoy, 
That luilie Princefs Marie de Lorane, 
Quhilk was reflavit with greit triumph and joy. 
Sa fervit I our richt redoutit Roy, 
Sone efter that, Henrie of Ingland Eling, 
Of our Sovorane defirit ane commoning. 

Of that melting our King was weil content ;, 
Sa that in York was fet baith time and place : 
Bot our prelatis and I wald neuer confent 
That he fuld fie King Henrie in the face. 
Bot we wer weil content, howbeit his Grace 
Had failit Jthe fey, to fpeik with onie uther 
£xcept the King,^ quha was his mother-brother. 

Quh^irthrow thair rais greit weir and mortal ftrife, 
•Greit heirfchipis, hounger, derth, and defola^tion : 
On ather fide did mcyiie lois thair life. - 
Gif I wald mak ane trew narratipn^ 
I caufit all that tribulation. 
For to mak peice I neyer wald confent^ 
Without the King ®f France had bin content. 

During this weir wer taken prefoneiris. 
Of nobiJ men, fechting full furiouflie, 
Monie ane Lor4^ Barroun, and Bacheleiris, 
<^haix:throw our King tuk fie ane melancholie^ 
Quhilk draif him to the deith richt dulefullie* 
Extreme dolour ouirfet did fa his l?arjt. 
That fra this life; allace ! he did depart. 

Bot cfter that baith ftrenth and fpeeche was leifit, 
Ane paper blank his Grace I gart fubfcrive ; 
Into the quhilk I wrait all that I pleifit, 
jEftet his deith quhilk lang war to defcryve. 
Throw that wryting I purpofit belyve, 
With fupport of fum Lordis benevolence, 
Into this rcgioun to have pre-eminence. 

• As 


As far my Lord, our richteous GovernouF, 
Gif I wald fchorBj fchaw the veritie. 
Till him I had i>a maner of favour. 
During that time I purpofit that he 
Suld never cum to nane authoritie. 
Fot his fupport, thairfoir, he brocht amang us^ 
Furth of Ingland', the nob ill Erie of Angus. 

Than was I put abak from my purpois^ 
And fuddanely caft in captivitie. 
My pridefull hart to d^nt, as I fuppois, 
Devifit by the heich Divinitie. 
Yit in my hart fprang na humilitie ; 
Bot now the word of God full weiH I knaw, 
Quha dois exalt himfelf, God fall him law. 

fn the main' time, quhen I was fa fabjedlit, 
Ambaffi^douris war fent into Ingland, 
' Qiihair thai baith Peice and Mar'n ge contraftit s 
And, mair furelie for till obffcrve that band, 
War promcill dyvers pledges of Scotland. 
Of that contraift I was na way content, 
Nor never wald- thairto give my confent* 

Till capitanis that keipit me in waird, 
Giftis of gold I gave them greit plentj. 
llewlaris of Court I richely did rewaird, 
Quhairthrow I chaipit from captivitie. 
Bot quhen I was frie at my Kbertie, 
Than like ane Lyoun loufit of his cage, 
Out throw the realme I gan to reili and rage* 

Contrair the Govemour and his company. 
Oft tymcs niaid I infurredioun, 
Purpofand for to have hina haiftely 
Subdewit into my corrcdioun. 
Or put him till extreme fubje61ioun. 
During this time, gif it war weil decidit. 
This rtiilme be me was uteilie devidit, 

^ The 

^tEK MAEY, 1542 — IfjSy* ^^ 

Hie Govemout purpofing for to fubdew, 
I raifit ane hoift of monj bauld Barroun, 
And maid a raid that Litbgow yit may rew, 
For we deftroyk ane myfe about the toua. 
For that I gat monie blak matiibun. 
Yit contrair the Governoaris intent, 
With our young Princefs we to Sterling went. 

For heich contempitioun of the Governour, 
I brocht the Erie of Lennox furth of France ; 
That Infty Lord levand in greit plefour. 
Did lois that land and honeft ordinance. 
Bot he and I fell' fone at variance. 
And throw my counfall was, within fchort fpace, 
Forfaltit and £emit ; he gat nane uther grace. 

Than throw my prudence^ pradiik, and ingyne,. 
Dur Governour I caufit to confent. 
Full quyetly- to my counfail incline ; 
Quhairof his Nobillis war not weill content ; 
For quhy ? I gart dlffolye in Parliament 
The band of peice contradlit with Ingland, 
Quhairthrow cum harme and heirfchip to Scotland, 

That peiee brokin, arais new mortall weiris 
Be fey and land, fie reif without leleif, 
Quhilk to report, my frayit hart efFeiris. 
The veritie to fchaw,^ in termis breif, 
I was the rute of all. that greit mifcheif. 
The South cuntrie may fay it had bin gude 
That my nureis had fmorit me in my cude. 

I was tlie caus of mekill mair mifchance. 
For, uphald of my gloir and dignitie, 
And plefour of the potent king of France, 
With Ingland wald I have na unitie. 
Bot quha confider wald the veritie, 
We micht full weil have levit in peice and reft 
J>Jyne. or ten yeiris, and than play it lous or faft. 



Had we with Ingland keipit our contrakis^ 
Our nobil men had leivit in peice and reft, 
Our merchandis had not loift fa monie pakis, 
Our common pepill had not bin opreft ; 
On ather fide all wrangis had bin red reft. 
At Edinburgh, fen fjfne, Lcith, and Kingorne, 
The day an,4 hour may ban that I was borne. 

Our Governour, to mak him to me fure, 
With fweil and fubtel wor(}is I did him fyle, • 
Till 1 his fone and air gat in my cure. 
To thareffe^ I fand that crafty wyle, 
That he na maner of way micht begyle. 
Than J^uch, I qiihan his lieges did alledge 
Hpw I his fone had gottin into pledge. ^ 

Th^ Erie of Angus, and his ge|"man bruthe|P, 
J purpofit to gar them Jois thair lyfe. 
Richt fa till have dertroyit monip uther j 
Sum with the fyre, fum with the fword and knyfe j 
In fpe cial monie gentilmen of Fyfe. 
And purpofit till put till greit torment. 
All favQuraris of the Auld and New Teftament, 

Than everie man thay tuk^of me fie feir,. 
That time quheji I had fa greit governance, 
Greit Lordis djreiding I fuld do them deir. 
They durft not cum till Cpurt but afluranc^. 
Sen fync thei hes not bene fie variance j 
Now till our Prince Barronis obedientlie. 
But aflu ranee thay cum full courteflie. 

My hope was maift into the King of France, 
Togidder with the Paipis Halines, 
Mair than in God my worchip to avance. 
1 traiftit fa into thair gentilnes, 
That na man durft prefume me to opres. 
Bot quhan the day cum of my fatal hour. 
Far was from me thair fupport and fuccour. 


(jnUEEN MARY, 1542-^1367. ^J 

llian to preferve my riches and mj Ijfc^ 
I maid ane ftrenth of wallis heich and braid, 
Sic ane fortres was never found in Fyfe ; 
Belevand thair duril na man me invaid. 
Now find I trew the faw quhilk David faidy 
Without God of ane hous ,be maifter of wark. 
He wiikis in vane, thoch it be neuer fa ftark. 

For I was, throw the hie power divyne, 
lR.icht dulefullie dung doun amang the as, 
Quhilk culd not be throw mortall manis ingine* 
Bot^ as David did flay the greit Golyas, 
Or Holopherne be Judith killit was, 
In myd amang his triumphand armie, 
Sa was I flene into my cheif cietie. 

Quhen 1 had greiteft dominatioun. 
As Lucifer^ had into the Hevin eropyfe, 
Cam fuddanlie my deprivatioun. 
Be thame quhilk did niy dolent deith confpyre. 
Sa cruell was thair furious birnand ixe, 
I gat na tyme, laifer, nor libettie 
To fay, In manus tuas Domine^ 

Behald my fatall infelicitie, 
1 being in my ftrenth incomparabill^ 
That dreidful dungeon maid me na fuppli^. 
My greit riches nor rentis profitabill. 
My filver wark, jewellis ineftimabill. 
My papall pompe, of golde my riche trcfour, 
My lyfe and all I loift in half ane hour. 
To the pepill was maid ane fpectakle 
Of my deid and deformit carioun. 
Sum faid it was ane manifeft merikle. 
Sum faid it was divyne punitioun 
Sa to be flane into my ft rang dungeoun. 
Quhen everie man had judgit as him lift, 
Tbay faltit me, fyne clofit me in ane kift. 


I lay Unbtiryit fevin monetfais and moir^ 
Or I was borne t» clofter, kirk, or queir, 
In ane midding quhilk oane bin till deploir. 
Without fufFrage of chaanoan, monk, or freif. 
All proud Prelatis of me may ieflbunis Mr, 
Quhilk rang fa lang, and fa triwiaphantlie, 
Sjne in the duft dung doun ia duleftiUie. 


O YE mj brether ! princes of the preiftis J 
I mak yow hartlj fap^catiouo, 
Baith nicht and day reirolre mto your breiftf^ 
The proces of my depriTatiaun^ 
Confider quhat bin your voelitiouQ. 
To follow me I p^ray yow nocht pretend yow^ 
J^ot reid at lenth this ceduU that I fend yow< 

Ye knaw how Jefas hk difcipttlis fent 
Amb^iTadouris till every natioun, 
To fchaw his law and his tommand^^ment 
To all pepill predicatioun, 
Tharefoir, to yow I mak narfatidudy 
Sen ye to thame ate verray fuGceflburis^ 
Ye aucht to do as your predecefiburis. 

How dar ye be fa bauld till takon hand 
For to be herauldis to fa greit ane king^ 
To heir his meflage baith to burgh and land^ 
Ye beand dumb, and can proounee na thing, 
Lyke menftralis that can noeht play nor fing< 
Or quhy fuld men give to fie hirdis hyre, 
Quhilk can not gyde thair fcheip about the myre^- 

Efchame ye not to be Chriftis fervitouris, ' 
And for your fee hes greic tempotall landis^ 
Syne of your office can not tak the curi3 1 
licif hafartrie, your harlatrie^ and huris, 



na^mv mart, 1542—1567. fij 

Remembring on mj uDproyifit deid. 

For efter deith maj na man mak remeid; ' 
Ye Prelatis, quhilk has thoufandis to fpendj 

Ye fend ane fempill freir for to preicbe. 

It is jroar cf aft, I mak it to y W keod, 

Yoor felfis in your tempillis for to preicbe. 

Bot ferlie not tbocht freitis fleicbe ; ^^ 

For, an tbay planely fchaw tbc veritie. 

Than ivill thay want tbe Bifcbopis cberiti^'. 
Qubairfoir bin gevin yow fie royall rent ? 

Bot for to find tbe pepill fpirituall fude ; 

Preiching to tbame tbe New and Atlld Tcftmcnto 
The law df God dois j^lanely la conclude* 
Put not your hope into oa warldlie gude 
As I have done—— Bdiald, my greittrefour 
Maid me na faelp at my unhappy hour. ^ 

That day quban I was ^Bifchop confecrait, 
The Greit Sybil Wes bound upon my back* 
Quhat was thairin, lytill I knew, God wait, 
Mair than ane beift- b^intad ane precious pack. 
Bot haiflely my covenant I brak, 
For I was obUffit, with my awin confent, 
The law of God to preiche with good intent. 

Brether ! richt fwa qUhcn ye war confecrait; 
Ye ob^iffit yow all on the famin wife. 
Ye callit Bifchoppis coutiterfait. 
As gallandis bu&it foif* to ^nak an gyfe* 
Now think I, Princes ar nat thing t6 pryfey 
Till give ane famous office to ane fule. 
As quha wald put ane myter on ane mule. 

AUace ! ati ye that forrowful ficht had fene; 
How I lay bttUerand/ baithed in my blude ; 
To mend your life it had occafiouti bene, ^ 

And leve your auld corruptit confw^tude. 
Tailyeing thairof, than fchortlie I conclude. 

Vol. hi. I . Without 



Without jre from your ribaldrie arife, 
Ye fa)be fervit on iht famin wife. 


Imprudent Princ€B ! but difcretioun. 
Having in eirth |K>wer imperiaU, 
Ye bin the caus of this tranfgreffioun. 
I fpeik to yow all in general]^ 
Quhilk dois difpone aU office fpirituall, 
Gevand the fauUis quhilk bin Chriftis fcheip^ 
To blind paftouris, but confcieuce.^ to keip« 

Quhen ye Princes dois want ane official?,, 

Ane baxter, browfter, or ane maiftcr cuke^ 

Ane trym tailyeour, ane cunning cordinar, 

Ouer all the land at lenth ye i^ill gar luke. 

Maid abill men iic ofEces to bruke. 

Ane browfter quhilk can brew maifi hailfum aill, 

Ane cunning cuke quhilk beft can feflbn caill ; 
Ane tailyeour, "that foftqrit bene in France, 

That can mak garmentis of the gayeft gyfe. 

Ye Princes bin the caus of this mifchance, 

That quhan thair dois vaik onie benefyfe, 

Ye oucht to do upon the famip wife ; 

Gar feirch an4 feik, baith into burgh and lande. 

The law of God quha beft can underftande. 

Ma*k him Bifchop that prudentlie can preiche. 

As dois pertaine till his vocatioun, 

Ane Pcrfone quha has parochin ciin teiche. 

Gar Vicaris mak dew miniflratioun ; * 

And als I mak yow l/upplicatioun, 

Mak your Abbottis of richt religious men, 

Quhilk to the pepill Chriftis law can ken. 


^^QTEEN MART, lS42^^l$6f. 6j 

Bot not to rebaldis new cum from the roii^, 
Nor of ane ituffet ftollen out of aite ftabill, 
The quhilk into the fcule maid neuer na coift. 
Nor never was to Spirituall fcience abill^ 
Except the cartis^ the djce, the ches^ and tabiL 
Of Rome raikeris, nor of rude rufHanis, 
Of calfay paikeris^ nor of publicanis. * 

Nor of fantadik fenyet flatteraris, 
Maift meit to gadder mu^lKs into May ; 
Of cowhowbcis, nor yit of clattet^ris. 
That in the Kirk can nouther fing nor fay, 
Thoch thay be clokit up in clarkis array. 
Like clotit doftouiSs new cum out of Athenis, 
And mummil 6uir ane pair of maglit mattenis ; 

Bot qualefeit to bniik ane betiefyis. 
Bot throw Su! Symoncis foKftatioun,- 
I was promovit bn the famin wyis, 
AUace ! throw Princes fupplicatioun. 
And maid at Rome throw fals narratioun, 
Bifchop, Abbot ; bot na religious iHan. 
Quha me promovit I now thair banis ban. 

Howbeit I was Legat and Cardinall, 
Lytill I knew thairin quhat fuld be done. 
I underftude na fcience fpirituall 
Na mair nor did blind Allane of the Mone. 
I dreid the King that fittis heich abone 
On yow Pri^ices fall mak fair punifchement j 
Ripht fa on us throw richteous judgement. 

On yow Princes, for indifcreit geving. 
Till ignorantis fie offices to ufe, ^ 

And we for our inoportune alking, 
Quhilk f aid' have done fie dignitie ref ufe. 
Our ignorance has done the warld abufe 
Throw covetycc. of riches and of rent. 
That euer I was ane Prelate, I repent, 

P Eingis ! 


O Kingis ! ms^k jre na cair to give in cure 
Virgin! s profeft into religioun 
Intil the keiping of ace commoun hure ? 
To mak think ye not greit derifioun, 
Ane woman parfone of ane parifchoun, 
Quhair thair bia twa thoufand faulis to gyde. 
That from harlattis can not hir hippis hyde ? 

Quhat and King David levit in thir dayis ? 
Or out of Hevin, quhat and he lukit doun. 
The quhilk did found fa monie fair abbayis^ 
Seing the greit abhoniinatioun 
In monie abbayis of this natioun ? 
He wdd repent that narrowit fa his boundi^ 
Of yeirlie rent thr^ fcoir thoufand poundis. 

Quhairfoir I counfall everilk Chriilian King 
Within his realm mak reformatioun. 
And fufFer na ma rebaldis for^to ring 
Abuve Chriftis trew congregatioun. 
Failyeing thairof, I mak nairatioun. 
That ye Princes and Prelatis all at anis. 
Sail bureit be in hell, fauU, blude, and banis* 

That euir I bruckit benefice, I rew , 
Or to fie heicht fa proudlie did pretend. 
I mon depart— thairfoir, my friendis, adew ! 
Quhaireuir it pleifis God, now mon I wend. 
I pray thee till my freindis me recommend, 
And failye not at lenth to put in wryte 
My Tragedye, as I have done indyte* 

'' P. 56. " Boccas." The celebrated Boccacio trrote a Latin hiftory 
entitled De Cttftbut Vir§iUM illuftrinmy which was paraphraflically tran- 
iUted into French about the year 1409. From this French paraphrafe, 
LjigaU^ Monk of 3urjr, formed an EngUfli metrical verlion» abooc 
A. D, 1420, under the title of " The Tragedies gathered by Jhon Bo- 
ij^as of all fuch princes as fell fcom their cllatcs throughc the mutabili- 

• ty 

<C;pmEK MARY, 154«— 1567. 6f 

lyof Fortane, &c"— -printed by Waybnd in the rcign of Henry the 
Eighth ; and, witboat doubt, well known to Sir David Lipdfay, whofe 
f* Tragedy of Beatoun," is written exadly in the fame manner, «* ctc- 
17 perfonage in Boccaet being foppofed to appear before the Poet, and 
to relate his refpedive fufferings,!* hence called tragedies or iragicaj flo- 
Tics. ;. . 

It has been remarked by Keith that Llndfay makes here no mention 
jofthe Cardinal glutting bimfelf inhumanly with the fpe&acle of Mr 
Wi^rt's death, nor of any prophetical intimation made by Wifhart 
concerning the fate of Beaton ; — from which the hiftorian infers that 
both of thefe reports are probably groundlefs. 

It may gratify fome readers to inform them, that the princij^al vou- 
chee and authorities quoted by Ltndfay in his Monarchy and other 
works are. i. Fafciculus TemporuMj a Latin Chronicle written at the 
dofe of the 15th century, by Weinerus Rolewinck, a Carthufian Monk 
of Cologrne. a. Chronica Cbronicofum^ by Hardmannua Schedlius, a 
phyiician at Nuremborgh; printed 1493, and now commonly called 
the NoremburgH Chronicle. 3. Cario*s,ChronicU, a more, rational and 
elegant work, originally ccmipoied about the beginning of the 16th 
century, by l^iidovicus Cario, an eminent mathematician, and improv- 
ed or written anew by Melanifthon. 4. Oroftus, a Chriftian ^iftorian 
of the fifth century, who had the honour of being tranflated into Anglo- 
Saxon by King Alfred, and in that drefs ha<i lately made hii appearance 
in public. Lindfay mentions a translation of Orofius, which muil have 
been either the French one by Philip Lc Noir, printed in 1546, or this 
by King Alfred ; at lead no other is known to have exilled at that time. 
The other authors mentioned by Lindfay are Avicen, the Arabic phyr 
Ccian, Folydore Virgil, St Jerome, Diodorus Siculus, Jofephus, Valerius 
Maximps^ Livy» Virgil, and Homer. 

To the Quarto edition of Lindfay's Works, printed by Henry Char- 
teris 159a, is prefixed a metrical Adfjortation of all EJiaitis to the reiding 
of tbir prefmt Warkis\ probably by Charteris himJtlf, or. hi* brother 
the Profcffor: With the following exira^ from which, we ih*ill noiy 
(ake leave of Sir David Lindefay : 

Thairfoir, gude Rfidar,! half travell tane 
Intill au^-volume, now breiflic: for to bring 
Of David Lyndei'ay the haill warkis ilk ane, 
Knicht of the Mount, Lyoun of Armis Kmg, 
C^ha in our dayis now laithiie did ring ; >^ 

Quhais pregnant pra(5lick, and qubais ornat (lylc 
' I'o be ccmmendit be me ncidis na thing, watkis heir witneF, quhilkis he has dene compyK 

Thocht Gawyne Dov glas, bifchop of Dunkcll, 
Jn ornat met«r furmcunr did everilk man ; 
Thocht Kennedie and Dunbar bure the bell, 
For thjf lang race of Rhcthorik thsy ran ; 


Tit hever poet of our Scottifch clan 
Sa clcirlie fchew that monftour with his marki9| 
The Romifch God, in qohom all ^yle began, 
As dois grade David LyodeCfty in his warkit* 

Let Lyndefay now, as he war yet on lyvc. 

Pas fiirth to licht, with all his fentence hie, 

Unto all men thair dewtie to difcry ve, 

Quhairin thay may ane livelie image fie. 

Of hiA czpref&t mind in poetrie, 

Prentii as he it puhlifchit with his pen. 

That himfelf fpeik, 1 think it heft for nte. 

Give gUir to God quhilk gave lie giftes to men* " 


harl of GLENCAIRN- 

TSjSOTLy /peaking of the cruelties exercifed againft the r/- 

/ormers about the end of the reign of James V, and 

beginning of ^ueen Mary^s^ ohfirDisy that notwith^ 

Jlanding this perfecution^ *' the monfters and hypocritis 

- ** the Gray Frears^ day by day came farder in con- 
" tempt : For, not only did the learned efpye and de* 
^^ tejl their abominable ^hypocrify^ but alfo men if^ 
•* whom none fuch graces nor gifts ^ere thought to 
** have been, began plainlie to paint the fame forth to 
•* the people, as this ryme made by Alexander Earl of 
*' Glencairne^ ^f f alive, (ab. ij66^ can witnefs,^^ 


X Thomas, hermite of Lareit, 
Sanft Frances ordour hartely greii ; 
Befeiking you, with ferme intent. 
To be wakryif and diligent. 
For thir Lutherans, riffen of new. 
Our ordour dayly dois perfew. 
Thir fmaikis do fet their, haill int.ent 
To read the Inglifch New Teftment ; - 
And fayis we have thame clein difceypit. 
Therefore in haft they mon be ftopplt. 
Our Stait hypocrifie they pryifs. 
And u» blafphemis on this wjifs ; 

Say Slid- 



Sajand that we are heretykes. 
And fals loud lying maftifs tykes j 
Cummerars and quellcrs of Chriftis kirk, 
Sweir fwyngeours that will not wirk. 
But idelie our living wynnis, 
Devouring woilfis into fliecpe ikinnis y 
Hurkland with huidis intp our nek. 
With Judas mind to jouke'and bck -y 
Seikand Chriftis people to devoir. 
The doun-thringers of Goddis gloir ; 
Profeflbrs of hypocrifie^ 
And Dodtouris in idolatrie ; 
Stout fiicheiris with the feyndis net. 
The upclofers of hevins yett ; 
Cancart corruptars of the creede, 
Humjock fawers amang gude feede ; 
To trow in trators that men do tyift, 
The hye way kennand theni fra Chryift. 
Monfters with the beiftis marke, 
Dogges that never ftintes to barke ; 
Kirkmen that are to Chrift unkend,- 
A fed that Sathanis felfe has fend ^ 
Lurkand in hoils lyke trator toddi3, 

Maintainers of idolles and falfe goddis ; 

. Fahtaftike fuiles, and fenyeit fleichers; 
. To turn fra trueth the verray teachers. 

For to declair their haill fentence, 

"Wald mekill cumber your confcience : 

To fay your faith it -is" fa ftark, 

Your cord and loufie cote and fark ; 

Ye lippin may bring you to falvatioun. 

And quyte excludis Chryftis paiGoun. 

I dread this ddftrine, and it laft, 

Sail outher gar us wirke or faft. 

Thairfore with fpeede we menri provide, 

And not our proffit ovirflide. 

I fchaip 

"(^JIEEK MART, 1542—1567. 73 

1 Ibhaip myfelfe, within ihort quhile. 

To courfc our Ladie in Argyle, 

And thair on craftie wjie to wirk. 

Till that we biggit liaif ane kirk. 

Sjne miracles. mak be your advice. 

The kitterills, thoiich they haif hot lycc. 

The twa part to us they will bring. 

But orderlie to dr|pfle4this thiog, 

A Gaift I purpofe to gar gang, 

Be counfayll of frear Walter Lang ; 

Quhilk fall make certaine demonftrations 

To help us in our procurations^ 

Your halie order to depp^r. 

That praftick he proved anis befoir, . 

Betwixt Kircaldie and Kinghorne ; 

But lymmaris made therat fie fkorne. 

And to his fame made fie degreflion, 

Sjnfyne he hard not Kingis confeffipp. 

Xhouch at that time he cam no %eide^ 

I pray you tak gude will a3 deide ; 

And fo me amang you relTave, 

As ane worth mony of th« lave. 

-Quhat I obtaine may, throuch his airt^ 

Reafon wald ye had your pairt. 

Your order handillis na monie ; 

But for other cafualtie, . 

As beefe, meale, butter, and cheefe, 

Or quhat we haif, ojr that ye pleefe. 

To fend your brethren i^ habete. 

As now Docht ellis but valete. 

Be Thomas your bruther at command, 
A culrunne ky thit throuch mony a land* 

Vol. III. K Jn 



In various works of Sir David I^indfay, appareoUy written between 
1540 and 1552, the Hermit of Lauriet is mentioned as a perfon of con* 
liderable notoriety ; but no particular memorial of him feems now ez< 
tant or attainable. Laoreat, or Allareit, as it is printed in the firft edi- 
tion 8vo. of Knox, is undouVtiedly Liorf t^> at the e:|ft end of Muffel- 
b\irgh, where there formerly was a chapel belonging to ^e abbacy of 
Dunfermline. Of that boilding there are now no remains, excepting a 
fmall cell, about^ twelve feet by ten, in the garden of the villa which 
ilill bears the fame name. This cell wc may reaibnably fyppoTe to have 
been the pretended habits^tiop of thf holy hermit friar Thomas, where 
he carried on his trade of hearing confcflions, felling pardons and ipdyU 
gencies, and working miraculous cures upon the credulous and ignorant 
multitude. Lindfay talks of troops of young men and women march- 
ing from 'Edinburghin pilgrimage ** to kifs the ck^git taU of thf her- 
mit, and to adore the image'* of the Virgin Mary, after the ^aOiion 4^ 
the Italian Lady of Loretto of famous memory. And Bifhop Lefley 
relates that James V. went in pilgraraage to this ihrioe after his unfuc- 
cefsful attempt ini 1534 to ?^J ^ ^>^^ (9 hi^ intended bride in France ; 
no doubt, with the view of lecuring a mote profpcroas voyage upon 
a future occafion. He accordingly was fuccefsful jn his nef t vifit ; bu|^ 
whether through the influence of Friar Thomas, it is not neceflary here 
to determine. The King probably knew him to be lucky in removing 
dlfficuldes in affairs of love ; for, as JUiodfay expreffea it, ' ' 

■ into Pilgramage to pais 
Is the ftraight way to wantpnntffs. 

Soon after the Heformation, or about the year 1590, the tolbooth of 
Muffrlburgh (fays the StatifticaJ Aecpimt) was built out of the ruins 
of this chapel, which mull have been pf conOderable dimeniions. The 
old flep!< of the ftair, which was repaired not long fince, were the bafes 
of the pillars of the chapel, according to the report of mafons ilill liv^. 
ing. This is faid to have been the firft religious houfe in Scotland 
whofe ruins were applied to an unhallowed ufe, for which the good 
people of MulTelburgh, till very lately, were annually excommunicated at 

Alexander, the fifth Earl of Glencairn, was one of the mod dreniious 
promoters'of the Reformation, and i;i particular carried liis vengeance 
againll images to an unwarranted length. When (in a great pieafure 
dirough his means) Queen Mary was driven from the throne. Lord 
'Glencaim, attended by his domeftics only, haftened to Holyroodhoufe 
in a holy phrcnzy, tore down the altars of the Royal jChapel, and 
broke the images to piecef. Soon after this, he obtained a grant of the 
abbay of Kilwinning for tis.fhare of the fpoil. 

^' ■ SIR 



Ihe nintb Dominus dc Thirlcftanc, (in BerwickJUre,) 

and grandfather of thefirft Earl of Lauderdslle, J^ttkM 

H he the next Scettijb Poet who claims attention in this 

chr0rtological feries. He was horn ahout 1:496 ; is /aid 

to have ferved his country in various puhlic officts, par-' 

ticuhrly as Lord Privy Seal to ^een Mary^ with 

great Jidlelity; and ivas a Jieady friend of the throne^ and 

of the e/lahli/bed religion ofthi country^ as his predecef* 

fors had always heen^ and his fucceffors have contisiu^ 

id to be, even unto this day. In the boots of 5r- 

dirunty his name ii found ^as an extraordinary Lord of 

Sejpon in 1553, by the title ©/"Lord Lethington ; about 

*which time it has been thought be firfl began to Hvrite 

Hferfes. ^bat they *' have conjidirable merit in every 

*^ point of view, and /hew him to have been agdod man 

** as well as a great flatefmaUy^ we have the teflinwnj^ 

of Mr Pink^rton, by whom they were firfl drawn 

from obfcurityy and givemto the public in 1 786,— Nexa^- 

ly 7,00 years after the completion of the venerable vo* 

lumes in which they are prefeirved, and which are now 

icommonly difliHguifhed by the title of The Maitland 

MSS. Sir Richard was fei%ed with blindnefs, apparent ^ 

ly aboiit i$6o, and died in i§S6, His principal pieces 

fball here be placed according to the order in which we 

mayfuppofe them to have been written ; being nearly the 

fame with that of the Quarto MS* which was tratfcrib^ 

ed during his own Ife^time^ by Mifs Mary Maitland^ 

his third daughter, 



In the /[to. Maitland MS. aimoft the whok of Sis 
Richard's poems are placed at the beginning of the 
volume, and apparently not without fome attention t<k 
the chronology. After ane Sonet to the author in 
commendatioun of his buik^ we find this Satire as the 
firjl article^ which we may therefore fuppofe to he one 
of his earlleji produBions. Independent of this cir* 
cum/lance, the nature of the fuhjeB would have led us 
to the fame conclufion. ^he defcription of the female 
drefs is highly curious^ and mufi have been written 
when the author ** had all his eyes about him ;" per-^ 
haps before the death of James V. at which time 
Maitland was 46 years old, and for feveral years had 
been a favourite at Court ; probably alfo a votary^ 
of the Mufes. Hhe reader may compare it with 
Lindfaj's ** Inveccyd agains fydes taillis and muf* 
falit faces ;" Vol. 11. p. 16$. perhaps written nearly 
about the fame time* 


DuM wyfis of the burrauftdun 
Sa wondir vane ar, and wantoun, 
In warld thay wait not quhat to weif : 
On'claythis Uiay wair monye a croua , 
And all for newfangilnes of geir. 


tUriSEN MART, IJH*— 15^7' 77 

• II. 

Thair bodyes btavelie thay attyir. 
Of camal luft to cik the f jir. 
I fairlie qahy ftiai have no feir 
To gar men deime quhat thay defyre ;> 
And all for newfangilnes of geir. 

Thair gouns coiftlie (full) trimlie traillis v ^ 

Barrit with velvout, fleif, nek, taillis. 
And thair foirfkirt of filkis fcir : 
Offjneft camroche thair fuk faillis ; 
And all for newfangilnes of geir, 

And of fyne filk thair furrit cloikig, 
With hingeand fleivis, lyk geill poikis. 
Na preiching will gar thame foirbeir 
To weir all thing that finne provoikis ; 
And all for newfangilnes of geir. 

Thair wylie coits man weill be hew it, 
Broudrit richt braid, with pafments fewi^ 
I trow, quha wald the matter fpeir. 
That thair gudmen had cans to rew ir^ 
That evir thair wyfes wair fie geir, 


Th^ir wovin hois of filk ar fchawiij, 
JBurrit abone with tafteis drawin : 
.With gartens of ane new maneir j 
To gar thair courtlines be knawin ; 
And all for newfangilnes of geir. 

Sumtyme thay will beir up thair gown, 
To fchaw thair wylecot hingeand down ; 
And fumtyme bayth thay will upbeir. 
To fchaw thair hois of blak or broun j 
And all for newfangilnes of geir. 

VII [, 

78 cHUomctE OF Scottish totx^r. 


Thair collars, carcats, and hals beidis \^*^ 
With velvet hats heicht on thair hcidis, 
Coirdit with gold lyik anc jounkeir, 
Broudit about with goldin threidis ; 
And all for newfangilnes of geir. 

Thair fchone of velvot, and thair tnuUlis I— 
In kirk thai ar not content of ftuillis. 
The fermon quhen thay fit to heir ; 
Bot caryis cufchings lyik vaine faillis : 
And all for newfangilnes of geir. 

I mein of nane thair honour dreidis.^-^ 
Quhy fould thay not have honeft weidisy 
To thair eftait doand effeir ? 
I mein of thame thair ft ait exceidis ; 
And all for newfangilnes of geir, 

For fumtyme wyfes fa grave hes bein, 
Lyik giglets cled wald not be feifl.— 
Of burges' wyfes thoch I fpeik hcir^ 
Think well of all wemen 1 mein 
On vaneteis that waiftis geir. 


Thay fay wyfes ar fo deltcat 
In feiding, feifling, and bankat, 
Sum not content ar'with fie cheir 
As Weill may fuffice thair eftait, 
For newfangilnes of cheir, and geir. 

And fum will fpend niair, I heir fay, 
In fpyice and droggis, on ane day, 
Nor wald thair mothers in ane yeir. 
Qahilk will gar monye pak decay, 
Quhen thay fa vainlie waift thair geir. 




Thairfoir, young wjfis fpeciallie^ • 

Of all fie faultis hald jow frie : 
And ipoderatlj to leif now leir 
In tneitf and clayth accordinglie ^ 
And not fa vainlie waift your geir* 

Ufe not to ikift athort the gait ; 
Nor mum na chairtis, air nor lait. 
Be na dainfer, for this daingeir 
Of yow be tane an ill confait 
That ye ar habill to waift geir. 

Hant ay in honei} cumpanie ; 
And all fufpiciou9> places flie» 
Lat never harlot cum yow neir ; 

That wald yow l^eid to Icicherie, 

In houp to get thsjirfoir fum geir^ 


My counfell I geve gcncrallie 

To all wemen, quhat ever thay be ^ 

This leflbun for to quin per queir ^ ^ 

!5yne keip it weill continuallie. 

Better nor onye warldlie geir. 


Leif, burges men, or all be loifl-. 

On your wyfis to njak fie coift, 

Quhilk may gar all your bairuis bleir.«— • 

Scho that may not want wyne and roiil. 

Is abill for to waift fum g;eir* 


Betwene thame» and nobils of blude, 

Na difierence bot ane velvont huid ! 

Thair camroche curcheis ar als deir ; 

Thair uther clay this ar als guid ; 

And thai als cofllie \n uther geir. 




» Bot) wald grit ladjis tak gud held 
To thair honour, and find remeid ; 
Thai fuld thole na fie wyfes' to weir, 
Ljk lordis wyfis, lady'^ weld. 
As dames of honour in ther geir. 

1 fpeik for na defpyt trewlie, 
CMyfelf am not of faultis frie,) 
Bot that ye fould not perfev^ix 
Into fie folifche vanitie, 
jFor na newfangilncs of.geir. 

Of burgcs wyfes thoch I fpeik plaiue^ 
Sum lan^wart ladyis ar als vain. 
As be thair clething may appeir ; 
Werand gayer, nor tbame may gain ; 
;On ouir yaine claytkis waiftand geir. 

^od Richard Maitland of LetbingtoUam 

St. xtu and liii. " Ancntis the ezonbiuot diorth of Yidiiallrs and »<* 
^her Auffe for the fuftenutiouo of mankinde now .dailAC iDcrcaflacd,*^ 
an A61 of Parliament was made, anHo 15/ r, ordaining ^ that na Arch. 
bifbops, Bifliopn, nor Earles have at thair meal bMI aoght difliea of 
Dieat : nor na Abbot, Lord, Priour, nor Deane, but fex diflies of meat ; 
nor na Barronne, nor Free-^aldcr h»,ve but four diihes .: nor na Burgqi 
or uthtr fubftintioos man fall have bot three diflies, and bot ane kin4 
of meate in everie diflve : The penalties for the refpeAive claifes behi|f, 
ane hundreth poimd for the firft, ane hundreth markcs {or the fecond, 
forty poundes for iht third, and twenty markes for the fourthw— Thta 
ircreafing dtartb of provifions is again mcntioBed in Adl 41, anii» ISS$9 
where exportation of victuals is prohibited, with the exception of « ba- 
kcn bread, browen aile, and afuawta (uijgt'heatha in Erfe, hy contrac. 
tion whiikey) to the Weft lies;— for feveral years prior to "(.$$1% tiie 
two fertile counties of Berwick and Roxburgh had been unmercifuHf 
plundered by the Englifli, who afijcr the unfortunate battle of Pinkey, 
Icept almoft un- interrupted poficfiion of the forts of Roxburgh, Lauder, 
Hume, HUdc^iiigtoo, and Dunglafs,to the conclulionof peace in T550. 
This clrcunif^ance alone was fufficient to produce a fcarcity. 



(aloui I54€.) 


QuHAiR is the Blytbnefi that hes bein> 
Bajth in burgh and lan^wart, fein 
Amang lordis^ and ladeis fcbein % 
Danfingy Paging ; g^a^» ^^d play ? 
Bot weil I wait nocht qubat thay meio : 
All merrines is worne away. 

For nou I heir na wourde of Yule, 
In kirl:, on caflay, nor in fkuii. 
Lordis lat thaix kitchings cule ; 
And drawis thame to the Abbay : 
And fcant hes ane to kelp their mi:^* 
AU houihalding is worne away. 


I faw no gyfars a& dik y^ir, 

Bot— -kirknxen ^kd lyk men of Weir, 

That never cummis in the queir. 

Lyk ruffians' ia thair array \ 

To preitche and teitche, that will not l^ii** 

The kirk gudis thai wafte «way. 

KlrkmeUj afibir, wai" gude of lyf ; 
Freitchit^ teitchit, and ftajinchit ftryf $ 
Thai feirit nother fwerd nor knyf. 
For luif of God, the fuith to fay, 
All honorit thame, bayth man wBl wyf j 
Sevotioun wes nocht away. 

VoL.nL L V. 




Oar faders wjrs war, aiid difcrcit ; 
Tha had bajth honour,' men^ and meit. 
With luif thai didthaif tennents treit ; 
And had aneuch in prefs to lay. 
TBai wantit nother malt, nor quheit j 
And merrines was nocht away. 

And wc hald nother Yule, ilor Pace ^ • 
Bot feik our meit from place to plad6: 
And we have notbet luk nor grace ; 
We gar our landis dowbil pay : 
Our tennents cry ' Alace ! Alace I 
* That reuth and petie is away I* 

Now we have mair, it is weil kend. 
Nor our forbearis had to fpend ;* 
Bot far les at the yeiris end : 
And never hes ane nierie day, 

God will na ryches to us fend, 

So long as honour is away. 


tV'e waift far mair now, lyk vane fulis, 

We, and our page, to turfe our mulis. 

Nor thai did than, that held grit Yulis ; 

Of meit and drink faid never nay. 

Thai had lang formes quhair we have ftulis j 

And merrines wes nocht away. 

IX. . 

Of our^ wanthrift fum wytis playis ; 

And fum thair wantoun vane arrayis y 

Sum the wyt on thair wyfis layis, 

That in the court wald gang fa gay j 

And care nocht quha the merchand payisy 

Quhil paixt of land be put away. 




5UJEEN UAMJ, 134.^.^X567^ 83 


The kirkmen keipis na profeflioun ; 
The temporate men commits of^reffiouni 
Puttand the puir from thair poiTeflioiin ; 
^^a kjnd of feir of God have >thai. 
Thai cummar bayth the court, and feflioun : 
And chafis charitie awaj. 

<^hen ane of thame fiiftenis wrang. 
We cry for juftice, — ^heid and hang: 
Bot, quhen our neichbours we oiir-gang« 
We lawbour juftice to delay. 
^AJfeftioun blindis u& fa lang, 
AH equitie is put away. 


To mak aftis we have fum feil ; 
Crod wait gif that we keip thanie Weil ! 
We cum to bar with jak ,of ifteij, 
A^ we wsdd boift the juge and 'fray. 
Of fie juftice I have na &eil ; 
Qahair rewle^ and oider, is away. 


Oar laws ar lichtleit for abufioun ; 
Sumtyme ar clokit with colufioun^ 
Quhilk caufis of blude grit efiuiloun ; 
For na man (paris now to flay. 
Quhat bringis cuntries to confufioun^ 
Pot quhair that juftice is away ? 

Quha IS to wyte, quha can fcl^aw lis ? 
Quha, hot our nobils, that fuld knaw us, 
And till bonorabil deidis draw us ? 
Lat ncyer comoun weil decay ; 
Or els fum mifchief will befaw us, 
And nobilnes we put away. 



84 ctiRoiacLE OF scoTnflB rosmr* 


Put our awn laws to ^xecuttoun J 
Upon trefpafle^ mak punkioua : 
To crewel folk feik na remiifioun* 
For peax and juftice lat us praj ; 
In dreid fum At$ngt n^w inftitittiouA 
Cum^ and our cuftqme put ^waj. 

Amend jour IjTvisii jMie^ and all ^ 
Els bewar of ane fiidds^otftlL 
And praj to Qod* thiit maid us all^ . 
To fend us joy that leftis aj ; . 
And lat ns nocht to fin bp thi;aU ; 
Bot put aU vjce, and wrang, aw^« 

^od Richard Maitiand of tedingicun, knycht^ 

From (Unsas iii. 17. tnd zv'. it may UH^ ^ ifif<rr«dthu this Ssdre 
was compofed within fome (hort tinltf after the murder of Cardinal 
Beatoun, and while the war with England ftill continued ; 1. e. becweei\ 
the years 1546 and 1550. The Scottifhdergy maR have beea, at that 
time, in* a ftate of cenfiderabic akm. The admonition lyddrefled ro 
them, by Sir David Lindfai through the month of Cardioalfieatoa omU 
not ealily be forgotten ; and the obje^ of the war on the part of £ng« 
land appeared to be no Icfs than to unite the two kingdonis tinder one 
head and one religion/ the confequencc of which would be immediate, 
ruin to the Catholic fyllem. The counties of Mers aiid Teviotdalc 
were in a gres^t meafure fubje<9ted to the EngUlh yoke, and Meofy had 
even proceeded to alfi^n the property of them to the con<|uerours. The 
Scottiih Clergy being evidently lb much interefted in the fate of the 
wac^an Adt of Parliament Was nvude in X547, by which great encou* 
rag^ment was held out to fuch of them as would join the army t» de^ 
fend the country againftits *^ auld enemies of England.'* This accoMnta 
for their being " ded lyk men of weir," a fpedes of drefs for which 
Maitland, a Baron of the Mers, feems to hare entertained no partiality ; 
his eilates of Blythe and Lethington being, about that time, probably 
^t the mercy of EBglilh foldlcrs. 



. in allu/ion, it may he prtfum^d^ to Sir David Ltiidftj 
and other rbiming declaitfien agmn/l the vices and 
ignorance of the Clergy ; WEDj>ER^URNE,ybr exam-' 
phf nxxhofi Satires under the title of Gude and God-r 
lie Ballates, although not coUeBed into a volume by 
Kobett Smjtlic until nearly the end of the centwry^ 
xvere doubtlefs puhli/hed feparately about the middle of 
this reign. " Jn a Manufcript hiftory of the Kirkf 
written in 1560^ they are mentioned (^meming the 
printing and circulation of them) as ** the particular 
means whairby came the knowledge of Goddir truth 
in the time of great d^rknefi ;" And chiefly with a 
^iew to the author or author^ of them the I'jth AB of 
Parliament 1551 xua/ made^ prohibiting the publico^ 
tion of allfuch ** ba Hates, fonges, and tragedies, ah 
Weill of Kirkmen as Temporally without licence^ had 
(ind obtained fra our Joveraine Zudie.^^ Maitland'a 
^ferfes were written probably before the pajing of 

OUM of the pojets and makars, that ar now^ 

Of grit defpyte, and malice^ ar fa fow. 

That all lefingis, that can be inventit. 

Thai put in writ^ and garris thame be prentit ; 

To gar the peple ill opinioun talk 

Of thame, quhom of thai thair ballatis maik. 

"With fclanderous words thai do all thing thai can 

for to defame mony gude honeft man, 


In fetting furthe thair buikis, and thair rymes^ 
Accufand ftiin of improbabil crymes. 
And, thoch that fum thair lybells does allow, 
Yit few that will thair a^n warks avow. 

And thoch that thai bakijytars and blafphemars^ 
Now at this tyme, has mpny thair manjtenars. 
The day will cum that thai forthink fall it 
That thai have put fie lefings into writ. 
To fteiU ane manis fame is gritter fin 
Nor ony geir that is this warld within. 
Thairfoir repent, ye ralars and reftoir 
To thame thair fame quhom ye fklandrit befoir ; 
To that efFefl apply your wferdes, and deidis, 
111 brute to tak furthe of the peple*s heidis. 
Cry toung ! I leid^ throw all this natioun ; 
Mak buiks and rymes of recant atioun. 
Sic alteratioun may cuni in this land 

May gar ane tak ane uther be the hand. 
And fay. Think on — 21? maid of me ane hattat^ 

For your rewarde now I fall brek your pallat. 
Men fould be war quhat thing thai faid or di4i ^ 

For it may cum to lycht lang hes bene hid. 

Thairfoire na man mak ballats, nor indyte, 

Qf 111, detra^ioun, &lander, nor difpyte. 

Put not in writ that God, or man, may greif, 

AH vertew love ; and all vyces repreif. 

Or mak fum myrrie toy, to gude purpofe. 

That may the herar, and redar bayth, rejofe : 

Or fum frutful and gude Moralite : 

Or plefand things, may ftand with chirrite, 

Difpytful poyets fould not tholit be 

In commounweils, or godlie cumpanie : 

That forte ar (redie) ay to faw feditioun ; 

And put gude men into fufpitioun. 

^ed Sir R» M, of Ledingtoun, 


OS THE v^yf rziKi 
XPerhaps 1557, ^^ ^5S^*y 


v3 HIE eternal Gk)d of micht ! 

Of thy grit grace, grant us thy licht^ 

With hairt and mynd findeir|« 

To leif cfter thy lawis richtf \ 

Now into this new yeir. 


God keip our Qiiein j and grace hir fend 
This realme to gyde, and to defend ; 
In juftice perfeveir : 
And of tbir warris mak an end. 
Now into this new yeir, 

God fend grace t6 our Quene Regent, 
Be law to mak fie punifhment. 
To gar lymmars foirbeir 
For till opprefs the innocent. 
Now into this new yeir. 

Lordj fchent all fawars of feditioun ; 
Remove all rancour and fufpicioui), 
Quhilk may this cuntrie deir. 
Put all perturbars to punitioun. 
Now into this new yeir. 

God fend pallors of veritie, 
Be quham we may inftruftit be 
Our* God to ferve and fcir . 
And to fet furth his wourd trewlie^ 
Now into this new yeir. 





And tak awa the Ignorands 

Of tha kirkmen that vyceis hauntis ' 

And leidis us aa:reir ) 

That bajth gud lyf and cunning wantis j 

Now into this new yeir. 

God gif our lordis tdoiporal 
Grace to gif ane trew confal, 
This^ realme to gyd and fteir ; 
To be obedient and loyalj 
Now into this new yeir. 

And tak alvay all grit oppreflbur^, 
Cx>moun mantenars of traofgrefiburs^ 
Movears of ftryf and weir, 
For theves and revars interceflburSf 
Now into this new yeii:. 

Lords of the Stait, mak expeditioun^ 
Gar everilk man mak reilitutioun 
Of wrangus land and geir ; 
And we fall eik our contributipun^ 
Now into this new yeir. 

, Men of law> I pray yoW mend* 
Tak na ill quarels be the end 
For profeit may appeir j 
Invent na things to gar us fpend 
Our geir in this new yeir. 

God grant our ladeis chaftitie, 
Wifdome, meiknes, and gf aviiie : 
And have na will to weir 
Thir clathihg full of vanitie, 
Now into this new yeir ; 


^EEN MARir, S54I— .1567. 89 


Bot for to weir haliiljemeiit 

According to tl>air ftait and fent ; 

And all thingis foirbeir, ' 

That may thair barnis gar repent ^ 

Heirafter mony yeirl 

God fend our burgefs' wit and {kill 
For to fet furth the cQmmbnnw^il ; 
With lawtie fell thair geir ; ' ) 

And to ufe met and mefure leil, 
Now into this new yeir. 

XIV. ' 

And all vatie waiftonrs tafe iWay ; 
Regrattours that tak double pay : * 
And wyne fellars our deir ; 
Dyvours that drinkis all the day ; 
Jfow into this new yeir, 

Grace be to the gud burgeii' wyfis. 
That be leifsum lawbour thryvis ; 
And dois vcrtcw leir ; 
Thriftie, and of honeft lyfis, 
JsTow into this new yeir. 

For fnm of thame wald be weil fed. 
And lyk the quenis ladeis cled, 
Thoch all thair barnes fuld bleir. 
I trow that fie fall mak ane red 
Of all thair paks this yeir. 

God fend the comouns weil to wirk ; 
The grund to lawbour, and nocht irk, 
To win gude quheit and heir ; 
And to bring furth bayth ftaig and ftirk, 
Now into this new yeir. 




And tak awa thir ydle lounis, 
Cryand wakkars, with cloutit gounis j 
And fornars that ar fweir ; 
And put thame in the galiounis. 
Now into this new yeir. 

I pray all ftaitis and degree 
To pray to God continwalie 
His grace to grant us heir : 
And fend us peax and unitie 
Now into this new yeir. 

^od Sir Richard Maitiand^ 

St. 2. ]. 4,'^'Thir ivarrh.'] Mr Plnkerton*s original edition reads, 
" her wawis," which poflibly may figmff " her wacs;" but Qaeeti 
Mary experienced no confiderable afflidions before the death of her 
hufband the Dauphin in Dec. 1560: befides, the word is never fpelt 
<* wawis," but " waes," or " wais." The pafTage feeming thus to be 
erroneous^, I have ventured to fubftitute "^ thir warris/* weiris or wars, 
applicable to the firfl of the year (25th March) either of 1557 or 1558 ; 
the Eaft borders being in a turbulent ftate in 1556, and the Queen Re- 
gent having endeavoured to provoke a war with England in 1557.--. 
The ** contribution*' mentioned in St. 9th favours the laft of thefe 
dates, an attempt having been made in fummer 1557 to eftabli(h a 
{landing army to be fupport^d by a " contribution*' of a ceruin pro- 
portion of annual income. 

St. 18. 1. 2. Cryand nvaiiarsy perhaps ** clamorous heggars;** but I 
rather fuppofe ** cryand" to be an error for Catheran or Ketheren, a 
wori which occurs in Regiam M^jeftatem, and feems to denote fome 
fort of idle vagabonds who fubfifted chiefly by plunder. See GUfart<^ 



^January 1558, ** whereby all the Engli/b footing was 
lojltnthe Continent 0/ France ") 


iVsjoiSy Henrie, mod Ghriftine King of Frauhce ! 

Rejois, all peopill of that regioun ! ^ 

That with manheid, and be ane happy chance, 

Be thy Levetennent trew^ of greit renown. 

The Duik of Gweis, 2:ecoverit Calice towne. 

The quhilk hes bene, twa hundreth yeirs begane^ 

Into the hand9 of Inglis natioun ; 

Quha never thocht be force it micht be tane. 

But we may fe that mennis jugement 

Is all bot vaine, when God plefis to fchaw 

His michtie power : quha is omnipotent ; 

For, quhen he plefis, he gars princes knaw 

That it is he alane quha rewlis aw : 

And mannis helpe is all bot vanities * 

Think that it wes his }iand that brak thfc waw : 

Thairfoir gif gloir to him eternalie. 


Sa hie ane purpois for to tak in hand 

Quha gaif that prince fa grit audacitie ? 

To feige that town, that fa ftranglie did fland ? 
- And quha gaif him fie fubftance and fupplie ? 

And quha gaif him at end the viftorie ? 

Quha bot grit God, the gydar of all things ? 

f hat, quhen he plefis, can princis magnifie : 

And for thair fyn tranflat realmes and kingis^ 


That nobil king wes gritlie till avance, 
Quho, efter that his captanes of renoua 
Had tynt ane field, be hafard and mifchance^ 
Yet tynt na curage for that misfortoun : 
Bot, lyk ane michtic vs^yeant campioun. 
Be his Levetennent, and nobil men of weir, 
Tuik upon hand ta*feig©' the ftrongeft toun 
Into the deideft lym of all the yeir. 


Thairfoir ye all that ar of Scottis blade. 
Be Wyth, rejois for tbe recovering 
Of that flrang toun : and of the fortooa gi»de 
Of your maift tendir freynd that nobil king ^ 
Quhilk ay wes kynd in help and fapporting 
Of yaw, be men, and mony copious : 
And in his hand hes inftantlie the thing 
To yow, Scottis, that is maift pretious- 

Sen ye love God ia thix^s outwardlie. 
In fyris, and proceffioun generale ; 
Sua, in your bairtis, love him inwardKe. 
Amend your ly ves ; repent your fynnis all : 
Do equal reffoun, bayth to grit and fmall. 
And everie man do his vocatioun ; 
Than CJod fall grant yow, quhen ye on him calfy 
Of your fayis the domii^atioun. 

Sen God in the begynning of this yeir. 
Unto that king fa gude fortoun hes fend j 
We pray to him fie grace to grant us heir. 
That we get Berwick our merches for to mend. 
Quhilk, gif we get, our bordours may defend 
Agains Ingland, with his help and fupplie. 
And then I wald the weiris had an end ; 
And we ^o leif in peax, and unitie. 

^od Sir Richard Maitland. 

^ OF 




X HE grit bljthnesj and joy ineftimabil. 
For to fet furth the Scottis ar nocht abil ; 
Nor for to mak condigne folexnnitie, 
For the gude news, and tjthings comfortabil. 
Of the contrafb of maryage honorabil, 
Betwix the Qgene's maid nobil majeflie, 
And the gritift young prince in chriftentie. 
And alfua to us the raaiH profitabil, 
Qf France the Dolphin^ firft fon of King Henrie, 


All liillie wowars, and bardie chevaleris, 
Go drefs your hors, your harnes^ and your geiri% 
To rin at lifts, to juft, and to turnay ; 
That it may run onto your ladeis eiris 
Quha in the field maift valiantlie him beris. 
And ye, fair ladeis ! put on your bcft array. 
Requeift young men to ryd in your lev'ray, 
Thatj for your faik, thai may bieik twentie fpeirjs 
For luf of you, young luftie ladeis gay. 

All buirowftownis, everllk man yow pray is 
To maik bainfyris, fairfeis, and clerk-playis ; 
And, throw your rewis, carrels dans, and fing r 
And at your croce gar wyn rin findrie wayis : • 
As wes the cuftome in our eldar^' dayis, 
Quhen that thai maid triumphe for ony thing. 
And all your ftairs with tapeftrie gar hing. 



Caftelsi fchut gunnis ; fchippis, and galajis ; 
Blaw up your trumpats, and on drummis ding; 


Preiftis, and clerkis, and men of that profeflioun, 
With devote mynd gang to proceflioun. 
And in your queiris fing with melodie. 
'To the grit God mak interceiCoun 
To fend our Princefs gjid fucceflioun 
With her young fpous, to our utilitie ; 
That eftir hir may governe this cuntrie j 
And us defend from all oppreflioun ; 
And it conferve in law and libertie. 

Ye lordis all, and barouns of renowne. 
And all the flaitis of this natioun, 
Mak grit triumphe ; mak banket, and gud chere; 
And everilk man put on his nuptial gowne ; 
Lat it be fein into the burrowftowne 
That in your coffers hes lyn this mony yeir. 
Sen that your Quene hes chofin hir ane feir, 
Ane potent Prince for to mantein your crown. 
And enterteinye yow in peax and weir. 

Lat all the world, be your proceding, fee 
That thair is fay th, and treuthe in your cuntrie -, 
Luif, lawti^, law, and a gud confcience ; 
Concoid, concurrand in peax and unitie ; 
Obedience to the authoritie ; 
Foirficht, provifioun, and experience ; 
Honour, manheid, juftice, and prudence j 
Quhilk, gif ye have, ye fall eftemit be, 
And be ilk man haulden in reverence. 

O mlchtie Prince, and Spous to our Maiftres ! 
Rcfave this realme in luif and hartlincs : 


(U^EEN MART, X542-.I567. 95 

Set futth our laws, mantein our libertie. 
Do equal juftice bajth to mair and les : 
Reward vertew ; and punifch wickitnes ; 
IVIak us to leif in gude tranquillitie. 
Defend our commouns : treit our nobilitie. 
And be thj mein our commounweil incres, 
That we tak p]eflbur to mak politje. 

VIII. * 
Scottis and French, now leif in unitie. 
As ye war brether borne in ane cuntrie. 
Without all maner of fufpicioun. 
Ilk ane to uther keip trew fraternitie, 
iDefendand uther bayth be land and fee. 
And gif that ony man of evil conditioun, 
Betwix yow twa would mak feditioun, 
Scottisy or French, quhat man that ever he be. 
With all rigour put him to the punitioun. 

O nobil Princes, and M oder to our Quein ! 
With all thy hairt to God lift up thy ein. 
And gif him thanks for grace he hes th^ fend ; 
That he hes maid the inftniment, and mein. 
With maryage to coupill in ane chein 
Thir tua realmis, ather to defend. 
Think weil warit the tyme thow hes done fpcnd j 
And the travale that thow hes done fuftein 4 
Sen it is brocht now to fa gude ane end. 

^'Oil Sh' Richard Maitlund. 

This man lagc was folcmnized on the 14th of April 1558, each of 
the parties bcinjr nearly about 15 years of age. The Dauphin afctrnd- 
cd the throne roth Julf 1559, and died 5th Dec. I560. Queen Mary- 
arrived in Scotland T9th Aug. 1561 ; about 14 months afccr the death 
of her mother. 




jLLternal Gftd, O tak away thy fcourge 

From us Scottis for thy grit tkrerric J 

Send us thy help this land to ckuge aod purg^ 

Of ^// difcord, and inamxtie^ . 

Betwix the legis and authoritie. 

That we may leif in peax^ withoutia digjf; : 

In lawtie, law; in luif and iibertie ; ,,* 

With merrines, now into this new yeir, . ^ r 

Almichtie God, fend us fupport and grace I 
Of mannis help for we at aH defparit. 
To mak concord that had fie tym and fpace ^ ' 
And nane, as yet, hes thair lawbor wairit ; 
As na man )var that for this country cariu 
Bot, and this ftryf and trouble perfeveir, 
He fall be feage that fall efrapeupfarlt,, 
And nocht thole paine, now into this new yeir» 

. III. .■ ■_ ,^ ' „ .' 

Think ye nocht fchame, that ar Scottis borne> 

I.ordis, and barops of authoritie, 

Tl?at throw your fleuth, this realme fould be foxlorne^ 

Your grund deftroyit ; and your policie ? 

Sum wraik fall cum upon yow hafi§lie : 

That ye fall fay, * Alace*! we war our fweir, 

* Quhil we had tym that maid na unitie !* y 

Amend it yet, now into this new yeir. • .^ 


<LtJEE>'^ MART, 1 5 4«-— 1367. 97 

Trow ye to I7 lark ; aad to dd na ihair ; 
To fee quhilk ijd fall have the viftorie ? 
The quhilk at Uft fall not help yo^ ane haif. 
Rjis up ! Concur all ! And thamei te&ifie, 
Quhilk with refouii will never rcwlit be. 
Ye [_muft] with force, withontin fraud or feir, 
Mak weir on thamei a:s comoun tnimie ; 
And thame correft, now into, this new ycir. 

God jraht his grace to the inferiouris 
Of this puir realme, thair quiete to confidder : 
And till obey till their fuperiouris, 
That lords and leiges, [as fifter and as bridder^] 
In pcax and luif for to remaine togidder. 
Syn we war quyt of all the men of weir ; 
That all trew folk, from Berwyk to Baquhidder^^ 
May Icif in reft uneeft in this new ycir.' 

The Q^enis grace, gif that fcho hes offendit 
In hir office, lat it reformat be. 

And ye, all leiges, lat your fak be mendit ; * 

And with trew hairt ferve the authoritie. 

And yc, kirkmen, do ye your hail dewtie. 

And all ^ftaitis, fyn and vyce forbeir. 

The quhilk to do I prey the trinitic 

I0 fend you grace, now into this new yeir. 


God ! mak us now quyt of all hercfie ; 

And put us ants into the richt way. 

I^ thjr law may we fa inilruftit be, , 

That we be nocht begylit every day. 

Ane fayis this : ane uther. fayis naj^ : 

That we wait not quham to we fuld adheir. 

Chrift fend to us ane rewle to keip for ay. 

Without difcord now into this new yeir ! 
Vol. III. N VIII. 




* God fend juftice* this land to rewle £uid gyde i , 
And put away thift, reif, and all oppreij^oun : 
That all trew folk may fiiFelie gang, and byde ; 
Without difcord bad parliament, and feffioun. - 
To gar trew folk bruik thair pofleffioun. 
And gif us grace, gud Lord \ quhil Wc ar heir. 
To ryis from fyn, repentand our tranfgrei&oun y 
And leif in joy now into this new yeir. 

^od Sir Richard Makland. 


The tide of l^he Congrtgatton^ by which the Proteftattts' kr ScotUnd" 
were diftinguiihed at this period, was firft uied b; them in the foleioir 
bond figned by a few of the nobility 3d De& 1557* where it does not 
apparently denote any fort of political aflbciation, but fedms rather to 
have been adopted either in imitation of the Engtifli refogeei at Frank- 
fort in 1554 ; or perhaps as a better tranflation than " kirk** (tempikan} 
of the Latin or Greek eccUfia^ in which fenfe alfo it had two hundred 
years before that time, been ufed by Widifij his definition of " Church** 
being <* the Congregation of juft men, for whom Jefu Chrifl Ihedd hi» 
*< blood ; of which Church Jefu Chrift is the head." This was precifely 
the idea of the Scottiih Reformers. After the Solemn Bond, however, 
was figned, in the courfe of fummer 1558, by numbc:rs of people all o- 
ver the kingdom, tlie Congregation came to be confidered as quite a 
church militant \ relative to whom, Maitland here writeth, 

« Ye muft with force, withoutten fraud or fcir, 
Mak war on thame, as commoun innemic.** 

St. iv. I. 4. will call to the reader's recolledion <* a long pull, ancf a 
flrong pull, and a ptiU all together,'* of famous memory in the Parlia. 
mentary Chronicle. 

. St. V. 1. 4.—^* as fifter and as bridder."] This part of the line being 
illegible in the MS. Mr Pinkerton has fupplied it with « may na mair 



(March 25, 1560.) 

Jft this new yeir.IJie lot wfir ; 
Na caus tojing. 
In this new yeir I fie hot weir ; 
if a caus thair is^ofing* 


JL GAKNOT fia^jFpr the yezatioun 
Pf Frenchmen, and the Congregationn, 
That hes maid troubil in the natioun. 
And monje bair bigging. 
In this new yeir^ \Sc. 

I have na will to fing or dans. 
For feir of England and of France. 
God fend thame forow and mifchancci 
In caus of thair cuming. 
In this new yeir^ %Sc, 


We ar fa reullt^ riphe and puir. 
That we wait not quhair to be fuire, 
The Bordour or the Borrow muir, 
Qyhair fum perchance will hing. 
In this new year yeir ^ \Sc. 

And yit I think it beft that we 
Pluck up our hairt, and mirrie be. 
For thoch we wald \j doun and die, 
It will us helpe na thiog. 
In this new yeir^ \Sc, 






Lat us pray God to ftaunche this weir ; 
That we may leif wUhoutin fcir, 
In mirfines, quhil we ar heir : * 
And hevin at our ending. 
In this new feir, i^c* 

^od Ricbard Maitland of JjtdingHun^ inycht. 

■ ■ ll T Will^il* ^i TT^l l l i i Tl 

Although the Cwngngakl^n, had noW for about Dioe months been in, a 
Aate of open rebellion, the reader will obferve, that Sir Richard in this 
new year's ditty fpeaks of them whh lefs acrimony than in die preced- 
ing : one reafou for #hich,' no doobt, was <* the £ear of England and tff 
France ;'* by both of whom -eonfiderable fupplies of foRes had in the 
month of January been lent tothe aid of the two contending parties; 
io that it was by no mean» certain at prefent to which of tK« fides vic- 
tory would ultimately incline. But Maitland had now another rtafon 
for ezprefiing himfelf in cautious terms. ** His Ion William, fays Kno^^ 
** Secretair to the Queen,** (that is, to the then prefent Queen, Mafy 
Stewart, not to her mother,) *< upoUti All-hallow-evin perceavinghim- 
*^ fclf not oDclie to be fufpeded as one that favourit our partie, bot al. 
<* fo to (land in danger of his lyif, gif he fonld rcmane foiaDg fo ungod-* 
*< lie a cumpanye, convoyed Kimftlf away, (from the Quein's partie in 
** the fortpefs of Leitb^) .and randerit hiaifelf to Kircaldie of Orange,*^ 
one of the leaders of the Congregation. Maitland's deffdipn appears 
thus to have taken place within a week after the Congregation had fuf- 
pended the Queen Dowager in her o$ce of Regent ; apd to this defcc* 
tlon his father probably alludes in the third line of the third Aanza. 



Augujl I56l* 


JtLiXCELLEKT Princes ! potent, and preclair. 
Prudent, peerles in bontie and bcwtie ! 
Maift nobil Quene of bluid under the air ! 
With all my bairt, and micht, I wjlcum tjieo 
Hame to thj native peple, and cuntrie. 
Befeakand God to gif the grace to have 
Of thy leigeis the hairtis faythfuUIe, 
And thame in luif and favour to refave. 

Now fen thow art arryvit in this land, 
Our native Princes, and illufter Quene ! 
I traift to God this regioun fall ftand 
An auld fr^ land, as it lang tyme hes bene. 
Quhairin, rich t Tone, thair fall be hard and fenc 
Grit joy, juftice, gud pea3C, and policie : 
All cair, and cummer, baneift quyte and dene ; 
And ilk man leif in gud tranquillitie. 

I am nocht meit, nor abil, to furthfet 
How thow fall ufe difcreitlie all thing heir : 
Nor of aneTrinces the dew tie and the det, 
Quhilk I beleif thy hienes hes per queir. 

Bot, gif neid be, thair is anew can leir 

Thy majeftie, of thy awn natioun ; 

And gif thee counfal how to rewle and fteir. 

With wjfdome, all belangand to thy woune. 



written perhaps in Summer IS^I^ 


\Jf LiddifdalU the coioaio^^, tb^s 

Sa pertlie fteillis now and reifis. 

That nane naay keip 

Hors, nolt, nor fcheip : Nor yit dar fldp. 

For thair mifcheifis. 

Thay plainly throw the cuntrie rydis, ^ 
I trow the mekil devil thame gydia. 
Quhair thay onfett^ 
Ay in thair gait thair is na yett. 

Nor dure^ thame bydis. 

Thay leif richt nocht, quhaircVer thay ga ; 
Thair can na thing be hid thame fra. 
For, gif men wald 
Thair houfis hald. Than waxc thay bald 

To bum and fla. 


Thay thief s have neirhand herreit haill 

Ettrick forell, and Lawdcrdaill : 

Now ar they gane 

In Lothiane ; And fpairis nane 

That thay will waill. 


Thai landis ar with ftouth fa focht 

To extreme povertie ar brocht. 

Thai wicked fchrowis 

Has laid the plowis j That nane, or few, is 

That ar left ocht. 

^^PZEN MAM, I54^^*'>-25^7« 1^5 


Bot commoun taking of blftk maiH, 
Thay that bad flefche, and breid^ and aiU, 

Now ar fa wiraikit, 

Msdd pair and naikit -, Fane to be flaikit 

With walter-cailL 


Thai theifs that fteUIs, and turfis hame, 
Ilk ane of thame hes ane itf*name\ 
Will of the Lawis i 

Bab of the Schawls : To mak bair wawis 
Thay think na fchame. 

Thay fpuilyc puir men of tfhaix pakis. 
Thay leif thame uocht on beflj^iDrbakis. 
Bayth hen, and cok, 

With reil, and rok, ^he Lairdis JoS ' 
All with him takis. 

Thay leif not fpen9|L ^one, nor fpeit 9 
Bed, bofterV blanket, lark, nor fcheit. ' 

Jobne of the Patke 

%p$ kift, and ark. For all fie wark 
He is richt meit. 


He is weil ketid, Jphne of the Syide, 
A gretar theif did never ryide* 
He never tyris 

For to brek byris. Oiir.muir, and myris, 
.Ouii gude ane gyide. 

*liair is ane, callit C&mew^V flbJ, . 
fra ilk puir wyfb reiffis the wob. 
And all the laif * . " 

Quhatever thay haif. The devil rcfave 
Thairfoir his gob, ^ 

Vol. III. O Xrt. 


, io6 cuRomcLE OF scomte foetrv* 


To fie grit ftouth qnha eir wald trow it 

Bot gif fum greit man it allowit ? 

R jcht fair I rew 

Thoch it be trew ; Thair is fa £?w 

That dar avow it. 


Of fum grit men tbaj have fie gait 

Tliat redy ar thame to debait ; 

And will up weir 

Thair ftolin geir : That nane dar fteir 

Thame^ air nor lait. 


Quhat eftufis dieifis us our^gang^ 

Bot want of Juftice us amang ? 

Nane takis eair, 

Thoch all forfair : Na man will fpaijt . . 

Now to do wrang. 


Of ftouth thoeh now thay cum gud fpeid,^ 
That nether of men nor God hcs dreid^ . 
Yit, or I die. 

Sum fall thame fie, Hing on a trie, 
Quhill thay be deid. 

^od Sir Richard Maitlandj 

In OAober T559-, the leaders of the Congregation ventured to adopt 
the bold meafuce of <depriviDg the Queen Regent -of her office and Au- 
thority ; from which time, to the arrival of Queen Marjr> a period o( 
almoft two years, there was no reguUr povernment in Scotlajid. The 
Border thievea and robbers bevan in fumtner 1^61 to take advantage 
dF this circumftance by " making continuale heirfchippis, ftowthis« and 
rciflis upoun the peaceable fubjedis dwelland in the Inii-cuntries ;" i. e. * 
the counties of' Roxburgh, Selkirk, Mers, &c. . Maithnd here repre* 
f(?nt8 thefe depredations in a manner that foon produced the del^red cf. 
fed ; one of the^rfl adls of Queen Mary** Government being the pu* 
nifhmcnt of the Liddifdale robber?', 



(perhaps 136^.) 


uUMTiME to court I did tepSiit, 

Thairin fum errands for to dres ; 

'Thinkand I had fttih freindis thair 

To help ford wart my befeynes, 

Bot, not the les, 

I faud nathing bot doubilties.^ 

^uld kjndoes' helpis not ane hair* 


To ane grit court-man I did fpeir ; 

That I trowit my friend had bene^ 

Becaus we war of kyn fa neirj 
To him my mater I did mene. 
Bot, with dildente^ 
He fled as I had done him tene ; 
And wald not byd my taiU to heir/ 

I Wend that he, in word and deid, 
^or me, his kynfman, fould have wrocht; 
Jot to my fpeiche he tuke na heid : 
Neirnes of blude he fett ^t nocht. 
Than weiU 1 thocht, 
^han I for fibnes to him focht, 
It wes the wrang way that I yeid; 

My hand I put into my flei^ 
And furthe of it ane purs T drew 5 
And faid I brocht it him to geif : 
Bayth gold and filvcr I him fchew; 



Than he did rew 

That he unkindlie me miiknew ;— - 

And hint the pars faft in^iis neif. 

Fra tjme he gat the purs in hand^ 
He kyndlie Coujtn callit me. # * 

And haid me gar him underftand 
My befejnes airhaillalie ; 
Aud fwair that he 

M J trew and faythfuU f reind fuld he 
In courte as I pies him command. 

For quhilk better it is, I trow. 
Into die courte to get fuppl^. 
To have»aoe\pUTs of fjne gold fow r 
Nor to the hiaft of degre 
Of kyn to be. 
Sa alters our nobilitic. 
Grit kynrent helpis lytil now. 

Thairfoir, my freinds, gif ye will mak 
All courte men youris as ye wald, 
'"^ude gold ^nd filver with yow tak j 
Than to tak help y<e may be bald. 
For it is tauld, 

Neirnes of kyn na thing thai rak. 

^(4 Sir R. M. of Ledingtoun^ hnychu 

Sir Richard's mother was Martha Seaton, daughter of Geoi^«, third- 
Lord Seaton, whofe grandfon, George, the fisth Lord, wa» Ftovoft of 
Edinburgh in the time of the Queen Dowager's Regency ; and Mafter 
of the Houfehold,. and a J^ord of tho Privy Counfel to her daughter 
Queen Mary. It is not unlikely that the ** Court Man" here melk- 
tioned was this Lord Seaton; one of the few Noblemen who continued 
flaunch friends to the Que^n Dowager vtA her daughter in all their moit 
calamitoua fituations. Sir Richard Maitland in X563 fuccee^ed him as 
Lord Privy Seal. The poem may have been compofed at leaft upon 
^at occaiton. 



(^perhaps 1565.) 

Sir Richard Maitland having thre^ font^ William, 

John, and Thomas, it cannot noiv be afcertaintd to 

'ivhich of them this piece of falutary ** counfaH^ 

nvas addrejffed ; but we may reafinahiy fuppofe^^-^to 

William, nvho became more compleatiy ^ Goi^tier by 

profefjion than either of his brothers, The admce in 

the ^th line of Jianma \fl affuredly mufl atiude to a 

time when Scotland had a King ; who, if «o/ Francis 

II. mu/l have been King Henry Stewart, wba bore 

the Scottijh Crown from July 1565 to February 

1567. Marj*s third hufhand defern>€s not to bemejh* 

tioned ; and James Yi.feems too late. 

JVlY fone, in couf t gif thow- pleifis rematie, 
This my counfal into thy mind imprent. * 

In thy fpeiking luik that thow be nocht van^ y 
Behald and heir ; and to the King tak tent. 
fie no lear, or ellis thow art fchent 4 
Found the on treuth, gif thow wald weil betyd. 
To governe all and reull be nocht our bent. 
He reulis weil that weil in court can gyd. 

Be nocht ane fcornar, nor fenyat flatterar j 
Nor yet ane rounder of inventit talis ; 
Of it thow heirs be nocht ane clattcrar. 
Fall nocht in* plic for thyng that lytil valis : 



Have nocht to do with uther mennis falis. 
Fra wickit men thow draw thee fSar on fjde. 
Thow^art ane fule gif thow with fulis dalis; 
He reulis well that well in court can gyd. 

Bewar quham tcTthy counfal thow feveil. 
Sum may feim trew, and yit diffcmblars bci 
Be of thy promeis and conditioun leiL 
Waifl nocht thy guid in prodigalitie ; 
Nor put thyne honour into jeopardie : 
With folk difamit nbuther gang nor ryde. 
With wilful men to argue is folic. 
He reulis weil that weil in court can gyd. 

Be na dyfar, nor playar at the cairtis, 

Bot gif it be for paftyme, and fmall thing. 

Be nocht blawin with windrs of all airtis, 

Conftance in gude of wifdome is ane fing. 

Be wyfe, and ten tie, in thy governing j 

And try thame weil in quhame thow wilt confide ; 

Sum fair wourdis will gif, wald fe ye hing. 

He reulis weil that weil in court can gyd. 


Attour all thing ay to thy Prince be trew 

In thocht, and deid ; in wourde, in werk, and fi6ht i 

Fra treffonabil company efcbew j 

Thy Prince p^ofit^ and honour at thy micht. 

Set ay forward the puir, day and nicht. 

And lat na thing the commoun weil elyde ; 

And at all tym'e mainteine jiiftice and rich t. 

He reulis weil that^weil in couit can gyd, 

Thoch thou in court be with the hieft pkcit. 
In honour, office, or in dignitie, 
Think that fumtyme thow may be fra it chaffitj 
As fum hes bein befoir, and yet may be. 



AJ7EEK MA&Sr, 154a— a 567. Ill 

ffcidful It is thairfoir to gang warlie. 

That njdeflie' thow faapper, npcht, , nor flyd^ 

Ken ay thyfelf beft in profjperitie^ 

He reulis weil that weil in court can gyd, 

, VII..- 
Prefs nocht td be exaltit above utjier. 
For, gif thow do, thow fall be fair inyyit ; 
Gritperal is to tak op hand theruther, ri 
Quhil firft that thy experience be, tryit. 
Think, at the laft thy doing wiU be fpyit,; 
Thoch thqw with flicht wald cover it andrhyd ; 
And all thy craft fall at the ciroce be cryit# 
He reuKs vr^'il that weil in court can gyd. 


Bewar in giffing of ane hie confale. 

In maters grit, and doutfum, fpecialUe ; 

Quhilk, be the wirking of the warld, may fail, 

Thoch it feem never fa appgLrentlie. 

Behald the warldis inftabilitie, s . 

That never ftill into ane flait dois byd ; ' 

Bot c^ngeand ay, as dois the mone and fee. 

He reikis weil that weil in court can gyd, 

Gif With the peple thow wald luifit be, 5 

Be gentil, lawlie, and meik in thyn eUait. 
^or an thow be uncourtes, proude, and hie, 
Than all the waild fall the deteft and hait. - . 
Rie feinying, flattering, fallheid, and diflaitw 
Invent nathing that may the realme divyd , * - 
Oi fall occafioun trouble, and debait. 
He reulis weil that weil in court can gyd. 

Grund all thy doing upon futlifaftnes ; v 
And hald the ay gud cumpany amang. 
Gadder ria geir with waft and wretchitnes ; 
Preis iio^ht to conqueis qvy thing "vvith wran^g : 





Hvil.go.tiu gudis leftys nerer lang. 

Thoch all war thyne, within this warld fa wyd, 

Thow faU fra it, or it fra th6 fall gasg. 

He reulis weil that weil in court can gjd. 

Above all thing, I thee ezhort and praj^ 
To pleis thy Grod (et all thy biffie cnire. 
And fjn thy Prince ferve, luif weil, and obey : 
And, as tliow may, be helpand ay the poire. 
Sen exdlie thingis will nocht ay endare, 
Tbairfoir in hevin anc place for th^ provyd ; 
Qtihair thair is joy, reft, gloir, and all plefonr ; 

Onjto the quhilk eternal God us gyd. 

» > . ■ . 

^uod Sir Richard Maitland. 

■ • 

Stained as the charadler of William Maitlaod is with many blemiflief, 
a celebrated hiftorian has added one to the nambcft appurentiy without 
fufficient caufe. Undvr the year t$S^% lie obiervet, that *< the C^ueea 
(Regent) fufTcred an irreparable lofs by the defedion of ber principal 
feeretary^ William Maitland of I.ethington.*' This circumftance of ag. 
gravacion feems to ht founded upon the ambiguous espipaffioa of 
Knox, (already "q^otedi fee page 200,) who probably means the 
Quecn*and Secretary , of ij66, when he Was compiling hishlftory, mot of 
1559. In the lift of Secretaries, at the end of Scotftarvet*s aiemotrs, 
Maitland*s name occurs firft in 1561 as Secretary to Queen Mary, who 
furcly would not have afligoed to him that very poft whic!;,^to her 
knowledge, he fo lately and fo ihamcfully had deferted. 


-i • ■ ' . • 

ON THE f^LTJ^ Of AHV AVfhti itf Alt^S MkMtAliU AHJE 

TouNO Woman. - 



A.MANG folyis a<ic grit folyc I find : 

Qtthan that ade man, paft fyftie jeir of age. 

Can m bi#, Vade confait grow fa blind 

A» for to joiti faimfelfin mafyage 

With ane joung lafs, quhais blude is In ane rage ; 

Thinkand that he may Terr^ hit appctyte ; 

Quhilk gif he fail, than will £cho him difpyte« 

Still ageit men fould jois in moral talis ; 
And nocht in taiiis* For folye is to mary, 
Fra tyme that bayth thair ftr^ith and nature falis ; 
And tak ane wyf to bring than^efdf in tarye. 
For fre£phe Maii, and cauld January, 
Agreeb nocht upon ane fang in tune : 
Tbe ttibbil "wants that fbold be fang abone. 


M<en foold tak voyage at the laikis fang, 

And nocht at evin, quhen paffit is the day. 

£fter mid age the luifar lyis full lang, 

Quhen that his hair is turnit lyart gray. 

Ane auld gray beiid on ane quhyte mouth to lay 

Into ane bed, it is ane' peteous lycht ! 

The ane crys Help ! the uther hcs no mycht, 

Till have bene merchand, bigane mony yeir, 
In Handwarp burges, and the toun of Bervie \ 
Syne in the deip for to tyne all his gcir j 

Vol. III. P With 


With vane confal to pure himfelfe, and heme ! 

Grit peral is for to pas our the ferrie^ 

Into ane lekand bott, nocLt nalit fail ; 

To beir the fail nocht havahd ane fteif maft« 

To tak ane maling, that grit lawbour requyris ^ 
Syne wantis grayth for to manure the land ; 
(Quhen feid wantis than men of teling tjris ^) 
Than cumis ane ; findis it waift Ijand : 
Yokis his pleuch ^ telis at his awin hand. 
Bettir had bene the firft had never kend it, 
^or thoil that fchame. And fa my tale is endit. 

^od Sir R. M» of Ledingtounf tnychu 

The remaiader of Maitland'f poems belong to the reign of James tb^ 




'* the Anacreoh of old Scott i/b poetry^ began to writt 
about the year 1550. His pieces y^ as obferved by 
Mr Piiikerton, " ark correB and elegafit for the age ^ 
and aUnoft ail amatory '* In addition to tbofe which 
nvef^ pttbiybed by Lord Uailes and KsLtahyfrom the 
Baan. MS. the reader is here prefented nvith a few more 
from the fame foUrce^ being all that feemed worthy of 

^o yohat family or cldfs of men Scott belonged^ is not 




ePartj!:, departs, departe, allace ! I moft departe 
From hir that hes my hart, with hart full foir, 
Aganis mj will indeid, and can find no remeid, 
I wait^ the panis of deid can do no moir; 

Now moft I go, allac^ ! frome ficht of her fwejt face. 
The grund of all rtiy grace and fo^erane : ^ 

Q^hat chans that maj fall me, fall 1 nevir mirry be. 
Unto the tyme I ii my fweit agane. 




I go, and wait nocht quhair, I wandir heir and thair, 
I weip and fichis rycht fair^ with panis fmart, 
Now mod I pafs away, in wildirnefs and willfull waj i 
Allace ! this wofuU daj we fidd depa^te. 

Mj fpreit dois quaik for dreid, mj thirlit hairt doifr 

My painis dois exoeid t qubat fvli I fiij ? 
I wofull wjcht allone, makand aoc petou» moii^ 
AUaoe I my hfiirt is gfm^^ hf CTir and aj. . 

Throw langeuv of mj fweit, fo tf irHt is mj fjireit^ 
My dajis ar moft compleic, throw hir ahfence : 
Ghryft^ fen feho knew my fmert„ ingraivit iamj haift^ 
Becaus I moft departe frome hir prefens. 

Adew, my awin fweit thing, mj J07 and comforting. 
My mirth and foUefing, of erdly gloir : 
Fairweill, my lady bricht, and my remembrance rycht^ 
Fairweill, and haif gttd nycht ; I fay no moir. 


Ic U probsble thu the perfon here meant was the Mafter of EiHuier 
killed at the baule of Pinkie- Cleugh. Knox fays, p. 79. <' la that fam& 
*' battel was flayne the Maifter of Erikin, deirlie belovit of the Qoeio, 
" (Mary of Lorraine Qucen-DowagcF ^) for ^home feho msud giife- 
" lamer.tatioun, an4 bure his deythe mooj dayis in ipyod.*' Tbif fit- 
ftge in Kqox may lead as tp conjedure What lady it here meant. H« 





Yhu poem furnijhei us wih a prefent ftaU of Scotland 
in 1 561, (ovy perhaps f 1562,^ and on that account 
is curious and inJiruBive* lie author affeBs impar^ 
tialityj and therefore it may he prefumed that the pt^'^ 
traits which he draws are not much out of nature* 


^V ELCUMy illaftrat Ladje, and oare Quene ; 
Welcum oure Ijone, with the Floure-de^lyce ; 
Welcum oure thrHBU, with the Lorane grene 5 
Welcum oure rubent rois upoun the rycc ; 
Welcum oure jem and jojfull genetryce ; 
Welcum oure beill of Albion to beir ; 
Welcum dure plefand princes,^ maift of prjrce \ 
God gife the grace aganis this guid new jeir. 


This guid new yeir, we hoip, with grace of God> 

Sail be of peax, tranquillitie, and reft ; 
This yeir fall rycht and reffone rewle the rod^ 
Quhilk fa lang feafoun has bene foir fuppreft \ 
This yeir, ferme fayth fall frelie be confeft^ 
And all erronius queftionis put areir. 
To laboure that this lyfe amang us left \ 
God gife the grace aganis this guid new yeir* 




Heirfore addres th^ dewlie to decoir. 
And rewle thy regne with hie magnificence j 
Begin at God to gar fett furth his gloir. 
And of his gofpell get experience ; 
Cans his trew kirk be had in reverence ; 
So fall thy name and fame fpred far and neir ; 
Now, this thy dett to do with diligence, 
God gife the grace aganis this guid neW yetr* 

Found on the firft four vcrtewis cardinally 
On wifdpme^ juftice, force, and temperance j 
Applaud to prudent meny and principall 
Of vertewus lyfe, thy worfchep till avance ; 
. Waye juftice equale,* without difcrepance ; 
Strenth thy eftait with fteidfaftnes to fteir ; 
To temper tyme with trew continuance, 
God gife th^ grace agams this guid new ycir. 

Caft thy confale be counfall of the fagc. 
And clei^ to Chryft, hes keipit th^ in cure^ 
Attingent now to twentye ycir of aige, 
Prcfervand the fro all mifaventure. 
Wald thow be fervit, and thy cuntr6 fure. 
Still on the commoun-weill haif € and ci%A 
Preifs ay to ht protreftrix of the pure ; 
So God fall gyde tliy Grace this guid new yeir. 

Gar ftanche all ftryfF, and ftabiU thy eftaitis 
In conftarice, concord, cherit^, and Infe ; 
Be biffie now to banifch all debat s, / 
betwixt kirk-men and temporall men dois mufe ; 
The pulling doun of policid reprufe, 
And lat perverfit prelettis leif perqueir ; 
To do the teft, befekand God abuve. 
To give the grace aganis this guid new yeir, 




At cro^e gar cry be oppin prodamatioun^ 
Undir grit paais, that nothir he nor fcho^ 
Of halye writ, haif onj difputatioun, 
fiot letterit men, or lernit clerkis thereto ; 
For lymmer lawdis, and litle laffis lo. 
Will argun baith with bifchop, preift» and freir^ 
To dantoun this, thow hes aneuch to do, 
God gife th^ grace aganis this guid new jeir. 


Bot wjte the wickit paftouris wald nocht mend 
Their vitious leving, all the warld prefer jvis, 
Thaj take na tent their traik fould turne till end, 
Thaj wer fa proud in thair prerogatjrvis ; 
For wan tonnes thaj wald nocht wed na wjvis. 
Nor yit leif chaile, bpt chop and change thair cheir ; 
Now, to reforme thair fylthj litcheroHs lyyis, 
God gife th6 grace aganis thi^ gnid hev? y^i^* 

Thay brocht thair baftardis with the ikrufe thay (kraip, 
To bknde thair blude with barrownis be ambitioun ; 
Thay purcheft pithles paidonis fra the Paip, 
To cans fond fulis confyde he hes fri^itioun. 
As God, to gif for fynnis full remifTioun, 
And faulis to faif frorae fuffering for ro wis feir. 
To fett afyde fie fortis of fuperltitioun, 
God gif th6 grace aganis this guid new yeir* 

Thay loft baith benifice and pentioun that mareit. 
And quha eit flef?h on Frydayis was fyre-f^ngit ; 
It maid na mifs quhat madinis thay mifcareit ; 
On fafting day is, thay weie nocht brint nor hangit : 
Licence for luthrie fra thair lord belaiigit, 
To gif indulgence as the devill d:d leir ; 
To mend that meny^ hes fa monye mangit, 
God gif the- grace aganis this guid new yeir, 




Thay Inte ihj lieges pray to ftokkU and (lane*, " 
And paintit paiparis, wattis hocht ^uh^t thay tnffjii 
Thay bad t1 lame bek and bynge at deid meniihSitti^ 
Offer on kneis to kifs, fyne faif thaJr Un : 
JPiL rimes and palmaiis paft with thariae 1)*twciie, 
Sand Blais, Sanft Boit, blare bbdeis tin tobMt: ' 
' Now to forbid this grit abufe hes bene, '' 

Qod gif th^ grace aganis this guid new yeir* 

Thay tyrit God with tryfiJlis tunoe ti'entalts, 
And daifit him with daylie dargeis ; ' 

With owklie Abitis, to augment ihair rentaib, 
Mantand moit-mamlingis» mixt with mdnye I(^^ 
Sic fanditude was Sathanis forcereis/ ^ 
Chriftis fillie Icheip, and fobi fiok, ^o fmeir : ' 
To ceifs all findrye feftis of heref Msi 
Qod gif th6 grace aganis this guid new yeif* 


With mefs Dor matynes nowayia will I meH, 

To juge thame juftlie paffis my ingyne ; 

Thay gyde nocht ill hat govern is Weill thatnef Ml^ 

And lelalie on lawtie lay is thair lynb : 

iDowtis to difcust for dodouris ar deVyneJ, ' ^ 

Cunning in clergie to declair thame cleir: 

To ordour this, the oiEce now is thyne, 

God gif th6 grace aganis this gaid nrw^ yeif. 

As b^is takk;is walx and honye of th^ floure. 
So dois the faythfull of Goddis word tak f^ute ; 
As wafpis leffavis of the fame bot fourc, 
So reprobatis Chriftis buke dois rebute : ' " 

Wordis, without werkis, availyeis notUt a cnt6*; ^ 
To feis thy fubjeftis fo in luf and feif, ' ' • ^ 
That rychtand reafoun in thy real me may rufe, 
God gif the grace aganis this gnid newyeir. 


qgfSBit MA&t, 1541— 15^. tit 

The epiftoUts and evangelis now ar prechit. 
Bat fophiftrle or ceremoneis vane ; 
Thj p«piU» maid pairt, trewlte now ar techit^ 
To pat away Idolatrie prophaine : 
Bot in fa'nA hartis is grayit new agane, 
Ane Image, callit cnvatyce of geir ; 
N'ow, to ezpell that idoll ftandis up plane^ 
God gif th6 grace agants this guid new yeir. 

XVI. 1 

For fam ar fene at fermonis feme fa halye, 
Singand Sanft Davidis pfalter on thair bakis. 
And ar bot bibliftis fairfing full thair betlie, 
Backbytand nychtbours, noyand thame in nnikis^ 
Rugging and raifand np kirk-rentis lyke niikis ; 
As werrie wafpis aganis Godeis word makis weir : 
Sic ChrifHanis to kifs with chanteris knikis, 
God gif th6 grace agpnis this guid new yeir. / 

Dewtie and dettis ar drevin by dowbilnes, 
Auld folkis ar flemit fra young fayth profeflbnrs. 
The gritteil ay, the greddlar I gcfs, 
To plant quhair preiftis and perfonis wer pofleilburs j 
, Teindis ar uptane by teftament tranfgreffours ; 
Credence is pad, off promeis tliocht thay fweir: 
To punifch Papiftis and reproche opprefTouris, 
God gif the grace aganis this guid new yeir. 

Pure folk at faniiff with thii fafionis neW, 
They faill for fait that had befoir at fouth ; 
LeiU labouraris lamentis, and tennentis trew. 
That thay ar hurt and hareit north and fouth : 
The heidifmen hes cor mundum in thair mowth, 
Bot nevir with mynd to gif the man his meir : 
To quenche thir quent calamiteis fo cowth, 
God gif th^ grace aganis this guid new yeir/ 

Vol.. III. Q^ XIX. 




Proteftandi3 takis the freiris auld antetewmc^ 

Reddie reflavaris bot to rander nocht ; 

So lairdis upliftis mennis leifing ouir tbj rewme. 

And ar rycht crabit quhen thay crave thame ocht f 

Be thay unpayit, thy purfevandis ar focht. 

To pund pure communis corne and cattell geir : 

To vify all thir wrangus workis ar wrocht, 

God gif the grace aganis this guid new yeir.^ 

PauII biddis nocht deill with thingis idolatheit. 

Nor quhair hypocrafie hes bene committit ; 

Bot kirk- mennis curfit fubftance femis fweit 

Till land-^men, with that leud burd-lyme ^re knyttit ^ 

GifFthou perfave fum fenyeour it hesfmittit^ 

Solid thame foftlie nocht to pcrfeveir ; 

Hurt not thair honour, thocht thy hienes wittit^ 

Bot graciouflie foygife thame this guid yeir. 

Forgifanis grant, with glaidnes and guid will. 
Gratis till all into your parliament ; 
Syne ftabill ftatutis, fteidfaft to ftand ftill. 
That barrone, clerk, and burges be content ; 
Thy nobillis, erlis, and lordis confequent, 
V Treit tendir, to obtene thair hartis inteir ; | 

That thay may ferve and be obedient. 
Unto thy Grace, aganis this guid new yeir. 

Sen fo thou fittis in faitt fupeilatyve^ 
" Caus everye ftait to thair vocatioun go, 
Scolaftik men the fcriptouris to defcryve^ 
And majeflratis to ule the fwerd alfo, 
Merchandis to trafique and travell to and fro, 
Mechaniks wiik, hufbandis to faw and fcheir -y 
So fall be welth and weilfaire without wo, ^ . 
Be grace of God aganis this guid new yeir. 

XXIIf . 


<PEEN MAKT, 1542— 1567. 12^ 


^batt all thj realme be now in reddlnes, 
-With coftlie clething to decoir .thy cors ; 
Yung .gentilmen for diinfing thame addrcfs. 
With courtlie ladyes cuplit in qonfor^ ; 
Frak fercjB gallandis for feild gcmis enfors ; 
Etiarmit knychtis at liftis with fcheild and fpeir. 
To fecht in balrowis bay th on fute and hors, 
Agane thy Grace gett ane guid-than this yeir. 

This yeir fall be imbaffatis heir belyffe. 
For mariage, frome princes, dukis, and kingis ; 
This yeir, within thy regioun, fall aryfe, 
JR-Owtis of the rankeft that in Europ ringis ; 
This yeir bayth blythnes and abundance bringis, 
Naveis p/ fphippis outthrocht the fea tp fneir. 
With riches raymentis, and all royall thingis, 
Agane ^y Grace get ^ne guid-man this- yeir. 

Giffe fawis be futh to fchaw thy celfiti^de., 
Quhat berne fold bruke all JSretane be the fe ? 
The prophecie expreflie dois conclude, 
The Frm/ch wyfe of the Brucjs blude fiild be : 
Th6w art be lyne fra him the nynte degree. 
And wes King Frances pairty maik and peir ; 
So be difcente, the fame fould fpfing of th€. 
By grace of God agane this gude new yeir. 

xxyi. ' 

Schortlie to conclu49 on Chrift caft thy comfort; 
And chereis thame that thou hes undir charge ; 
Supppne maifl fure he fall th^ fend fupport^ 
And len the luftie liberos at large : 
Beleif that Lord may harbary fo thy bairg-e. 
To make braid Britane blyth as bird on breir. 
And the extoll with his triumphand targe, 
Viftoriuflie agane this guid new yeir. 


1 94 cHRoyicLC OF "scorma wsmt^ 


Prudent, mais gent^ tak tent, and prent.the wordii^ 
Intill this billy vvith will tham ftOl to face, 
Quilkis ar nocht ikar, to bif^on £ur fra bowrdis, 
-Bot leale, but feale, may haell avaell thy Grace ; 
Sen lo, thow fcho this to, now do hes place. 
Receive, and fwaif, and haif, ingraif it heir : 
This now, for prow, that yow, fweit dow, may brace^ 
Lang fpacc, with grace, folace, and peace, this yeir, 



Frefcfa, fulgent, ^urift, fragrant flour, fiormois. 
Lantern to lufe, of ladeis lamp and let, 
Cherie maid chaiil, cheif charbucle and cbob ; 
Smaill fweit fmaragde, fmelling but fmit of £aiipt | 
Nobleft natour, nurice to riu¥t6ut not. 
This dull indyte, dulce, dowble, dafy deir. 
Sent be thy fempill fervand Sanderis Scott, 
Greiting grit God to grant t^y Grace guid ytir^ 

St. 1. 1. a. " Welcum cure lyone, wkh the flourc-deJyce." This al* 
lades to the arms of Scotland, a lion with a border or treflurc adorned ' 
"with flower. de^Iuces. While the fcience of coats armorial was in high 
cfteem, fuch aUufions had beauty and dignity. 

■ " ■' 1. 3. " The JLfira/ie grene.** In right of her mother Marie de 
Lorraine. G6i)lim, in his DilpUy of Heraldry, p. iS.iias a profound 
note on the colour green. " This colour is green, which conliiccth of 
** more black and of Ufs red, as appeareth by the definition, Viridis 
*' eft cC)lor nigredine.copiGifipre, et rubedine ihinore contemperatus. — • 
*< This colour is blazoned vert, and is called in Latin viridity a wgorc^ 
** in regard of^the.ftrength, freihnefs, and livelisefs thereof; and there- 
*^ fore bed refcmbkth youth, in that moft vegetables, fo long as they 

«* flowrift, 

1ISB«;h M^Rt, *54^— 15^7* t^S 

** MmanSif uc bfaatified with this verdure, and is a colour moft whole* 
** fiMiK«nd plftafam to the eye^ exc^ k be in a young gentlewonutfi't 

■ I. 7. " Our pUfamd princcf," So much has been faid of the 

I>cautjf of Mary Q^aech of Scots, that the fuV)j«:6fc may feem cxhavfted. 
/caoaddone t^ftimony which has been ovefloc^ed by her admireif. 
It ii {i<ua AJriaa* TurmeU ^^tmaSa^p* ^U 

^OmiMs hsBc'formas |yrsB(hH^ti'cofpor^ et oro 
** £xoperat, Paride et pomum vel'judice ferret : 
*< Hxc tereti filo et procero corpore furgit 
•* Primsvo fob florc." ■ 

From the fame poem^ it appears that Mary Queen of Scots had thd 
fmajl pox before her marriage with f rancis II. 

*< Huic decus et tantum 'fpeciofx frontis hoporeni 
*• In vidit Cytherea Venus ; populatique f«vl 
••"iOiya luc, obfevit varis deformibus ora." 

^er face, however, was notlpoilt; /or the author a^d^ 

" Kon tultt invidism Cypri^ tamen xmula Juno, 
« Non Pallas," .&c* 

St. 6. 1. 5. «♦ The pulling doun of fothie reprofc." Alluding to the 
^eftrudion of monafteries in 1539. 

St. 9. 1. 1. «' To bUnde thair bludc with barrownis be ambitioun.*' 
The clergy were ambitious of giving their fpuiious daughters in mar^ 
tiage to men Of family. It would be invidious to enter into particulars. 
They who are acquainted with the hiftory of Scotland need not be told, 
that the beft blood of the nation was contaminated by fuch bafe mix- 

St. 10. 1. 1. «* Thay lofl bairh bene6ce and pentloun that marcit."— 
Pitfcottic, p. 277. (edit. I74J!.) fays, " They would thole no prcift to 
^* marry, but they woulti puniih and burn him to the dead; but if he 
** had ufed ten thoufand whores, he had not been burnt.'* 

■ I. a. '* And quha cit fleilh on Frydayis was fyrffangit**^^ 
Fanged or feized by the fire ; i. e puniflied as heretics. Pitfcottie lays, 
p. 343. '* In the end of February, the Queen, Govcrnpr, Catdinal, and 
<* Lords, held a Convention at 'St Johnflon; there they caufcd hang 
** four honeil men for eating of a goofe- on Friday." Mr Goodall, 
Examination, vol. i. p. 13a. ispleafed to fay, " This (lory let any man 
•• believe who lifts." There feems to be no rcafon for difbelief. The 
peffage in Scot's poem, fhews that the fa<£lwas underftood to be true 
by thofc who had better opportunity of informs cion than Mr Good- 

% Zi CHRaWfCLK OF SCdTftSH POtl^r; 

St, II, I. a. « And fafftiii />aifarh^vf Ktils nocht quhat thay tticini;'' 
^^hc7 permitted thy fuhjcAs to perform their devotions to coloured 
prints, of which they undcrftood not the flgnification, as Virgil fpe^i 
©f ^ncap, 

*' Miratur, rerumque ignai us imagine gaodet.*^ 

1. 6. " Sand Blais, Sand Boit, blate bodeis ein to bleir.' 

'* To blear onc*8 eycji," it afcd, by Dunbar in Kennedy's Teftament, 

•• And yit he bleiris my Lordis ee." 

The fcnfe is, — impofed on the credulity of the fimple, with talc« of 
> fhe powerful intcrceflton of faints. Sauff Bait is probably an obfc|zre 
iaint called JBoytbgn, here chofen on account of the alliteration. 

St. 12. 1. I. *• Tume trentmlis.** A fervice of thirty maflea performed 
for the dead ; $Uylie darges, daily diriges \ owklie abitis, weekly obitSy 
<>r fcrvice performed for the dead. . ' 

St. 13. 1. 1. ** with ^eis aor matyncs nowayis will I melL** The 
' poet cautioufly avoids that topic, as the Queen had declared iier fenti* 
snents concerning it. l^ere is a remarkable paflage in Aymon, Sym^des 
Ifiationaute des Eglifet reformees ic France ^ torn. I. p* 17. which has efcaped 
the obfervation of our hidorians. The Cardinal SanS^B Crutu writes' 
thu» to Cardinal Borromeo, 24th November 1561. *' Giunfe in quefta 
^ citta il Gran Prinre di Francia, et Monfignore Danvilla figlioio del 
■* Signore Coneftabile, qu venivano di Scotia, donde portano nuov^ 
*< que la Regina fi confervava nella rrligione Cattolica conflantamente, 

« et va ruTiediando al piu che ella puo per il regno. li) particolare 

^* racontano che sndando un gicrno alia me£Fa, furoDo due o tre vo|tc 
^ fmorzate le candele> c]a certi hcretici ; et che la Regina comparfe 
^ nella fua capella, et havendo havuto notiria di quel^o fatto, chiamo 
•* un di quej JBarcni 1 piu Lutcrano, et piu gr ancle che vi ioffc, et gli 
'/ comando che lui medcfimo andajOTe ad illuminar quelle candele, ec 
*} ponarle all* altare. et fu fubbito obbedita.** I tranfcribr. the Ita}iai| 
jis I find it, although it may require corrcdion. Aymon tranflates 
Barofii by the. Frmch telitresy and hence makes the fcnfe to be, that 
fche Queen ordered the great** ft fcoundrel of the company to light the 
tapers which the heretics had rxiinguiHied. ^aroni in this place meanf 
Barons or ^ohlemeny and nothing elfe. 

- 1 he fame letter report* more news from thofe young gentlemen, 
particularly, Thaf the fjijcen had threatened to hang t'.ree burgomajler* 
of a ccrt^iin territory for having banifhed the Popifli priefls. 

St. 15.-20. Thcfe ftanzas contain much curious ma^ter^ concerning^ 
, Ahe Oate of Scotland in 1561. When the Reformation took place, ma- 
ny of the Commons expcded to be eafcd of the payment of tithes; but 
though the exadors were changed, payment was ftill eiaded with ajl 
ji^c ^cient rigour, "^he reformed clergy expeded that the tithes would 
ht applied to charitable ufcs, to the advancement of icarnlt«g, and the 



ftialDUoaocc of the mlni^. But tUeNobility^ whisa they thernfelvev 
had become the,.ezaiSb9i;s/ Ikv pothiag rigorous in the payment of 
tithes, and derided thofe devout imagination^. See Knoz» p. 256. 

St. 25. In a coUe<5lien of Prophecies publifhed by Andro Hart 1615, 
there it a myfterioin rhapfody called the prophecy of Berlington, which 
contains the following pafiage« : 

St. 16. 1. 1. A few years before this, an AS: of ParliamcHt was made , 
** anent them that perturbis the Kirk ;** by one of the regulations o£ 
which, the Dean of Gild, kirk-maft'crs, and rcwlers, wer ordained-" fi» 
£ar leifcbe bairnis that makisvperturbation or impediment in the time of 
diTine fervicc." ' 

** Of Bruce's left fide ^all fprlng out a leafc 

'* As near as the ninth degree, 

** And ihall be fleen>ed of fair Scotland 

♦* In France far beyond the fca. - , 

'* And then fhall come again riding "^ 

*• With eyes that many men may fee« j 

•• At Aherlady, he ihall light 

« With hempen heker 8 and horfe of tree,"— 


•* However it happen for to fall, 

" The Lion (hall be Lord of all, 

•• The French wife (hall bear the Ton ' 

*< Shall weild all Britain to the Tea, ] 

'* And from the Bruces blood (hall come 

** As ne^r as the ninth, degree.**—* — * 

•• Yet (hall there come rtecn knight over the fdlt fca, 

'* A keen man of courage, and bold man of armes, 

" A Duke*8 fon doubled, a born man in France, 

*' That (hall our /mirths amend, and mend all our harmes, &C. 

This prophecy was originally iciended for the Duk^ of Albany, Re- 
gent of Scotland during the mirtority of James V. Alexander Duks 
of Albany, the brother of James III was obliged, for his disloyal prac- 
tices, to leave Scotland, and retire into France. He married the daugh- 
ter of the £arl of Boulogne. By her he had a fon, John Duke of Al- 
bany, born and educated in France. 

1 conjedurc, fays Lord Hailes, that tlie prophecy was compofed after 
the death of James IV. and before the arrival of the D\xkii of Albany 
in Scotland, i. c. between September 1513, and June 1515. At that 
period Scotland was reduced very low. James IV. and the flower of 
the nobility, had fallen at Floudden ; his fon an infant ; fadlion, diftruft, 
and defpondency, every where. This was a fit feafon for a politic im. 
poftor to revive the hopes of a fuperftitious people. 


iti eHuai^iczJE or teortisR iK^Ifati 

At tlie prophecy of Berlington had not been fulfilled in the Duke o^ 
Albany, the next age refolTcd to new-model it, and to point ont itf 
probable completion in Queen Mary . 

" Sco^t therefore foppofes that the perfbn who was to rule Brttanr, waa 
to be the fon of a woman dcfcended from Robert Briioei» tfi% ^ointh 
degree ; and in^litotet his calculation thus : x. Margery Brace. 2i Ro-* 
bert n. &c. whereby Mary becomes the nimiB^^-^U is not wonderful that 
the prophecy fhould have been revived and applied to' Mary in Ts6z, 
At that period Elizabeth, Queen of England, was thirry ; Mary, the 
next heir, twenty ; and furely the moft likely woman of the two. Be-» 
ildes, foreigners were apt to eonfidef the title' of Queeo-Hizabeth as 
principally depending on polT^ifioB i Atid. Romam Catholics were apt 
to conlider her at an ufurper. In fiich circa mftaocci it was not; very 
prefumptuous to aflert that the progeny Of Mary had a fairtr «bance of 
reigning in England than the progeny of Elizabeth. It was no more 
than prophecying on the fide of the odds. Thi! fS^pheay of nomas 
iht Rbymir is partly an unmeaning atfemblage' of the naoiefiDf the Scot, 
tilh nobility, partly a relation of paft eve<its; (many of tlielioee, and 
even whole ftanzas copied almoit vtryatirtt ftfMxi thkt "of B4rUag^m.^ It 
is amazing that Archbithop Spotifwoodj a man of fenfe, and a fcholar^ 
ihould have imagined that this pretended pfophecy'was ancient (i. e. 
turitten in the 13th century by Thomas Learm»fith, caXieA the Rhymer.) 
The author does not aflume the chara^li^r bf Thomas the ,Rhymer i 
but, on the contrary, repeats what Thomas the Rhymer, his^^m/;7tfr, is 
fuppofed to have ihewn him. The language is not of the 13th centu- 
ry, but rather (of the i6th.) approachitig to SpoUfwobd's own timcs^ 
By language, I mean the turn of czpreflion, and cadence of the num^ 

Any ancient poem of moderate length, upon which Lor^ Hailcs has 
thought fit to make a fingle oUeryation, cannot be altogether unwor. 
thy of a place in a compilation of this nature. BcOdes, in the mofl an- 
cient and mod correA editioaof it now extant, there appears to be a 
variety of inaccuracies which fecm capable of being removed, increly 
by the tranfpofition of about four or five liccs. Without farther, apo* 
logy, therefore, I here prefcnc the rpadci witt a corrc«5led copy of this 
popular legend. 



* ?-,"♦*. ' 

' s.f<f ,r Tri .(L'T . 

* •, 

ms f «<^i^«CY rnr thomajs thk nHrMER. 

- - ■■-'■ .... J-- 

firficoo nqf. wiiyitfttf wion^ 

' Oat tlmch a hmd htfyd% lie» ^ 

J HKt « barne tpowi the wfty; 
' Methocht lum fekftljr for to CLe. 

I iiikt biM haillx his intent ; 
.'.■■'r • Gid«Mdr,ili««tf jowwiUbe, 
'^ jScq thit yc hgrdo.'tfpQD the beot^ 
S^oi nacttth rffdiogt tell 790 mew 

IIL , 
Qahaa t^U eU tha weirit be gui^ 
ThU leil- mep jnaj leji in lie ? 
Or, qohen £^1 Faifetga ira hype, 
A4ld L«wtie,bUw hit horn on hie ? . 

Then faw I tway knichti oo a lee« 

And t^^ war airmtt^imlie new, 

Baith crofles on thair breiftt thay bare, 

And thay war cled in divert hew. 

Of findrie contries alt thay wer. 
The tane on red at onie blode, 
Had in a Iheild ane dragoan kene, 
And fteir'd hit fieid at he war wode, 

With crabbit wordii fcharp and kene. 
Rycht fo the other bairn him by, 
' Quhais hort did all of fiWer ihine, 
Hit bordour aatir lyk the Iky. 

Hit Iheild wat fchapit rycht feimlie ; 
With filk and fabill weill wat plet ; 
In it a rampand Lyoon kein 
Seimlie into gold wat fet. 

Vol. III. R vm. 



I faiikit than far oner a greio, 
Aod faw ane hdj oo a lie ; 
Th^ iic a ane had I never Cein, 
The Ifcbi Of Ur fchnit ia hie 

Attoor Che muir quairthrach fcho fore, I 

The feildU methocht Hjr and grein* * 

$cho raid apoun a (leid fol fture. 
That fie a ane had 1 neocr £ein. 

Hir fteid wei qahyc ai onie fl^Uh ; 

Hit mane, his taill war bait)i fal bUe, , 
Ane fyde fiuldil, fewit with fiih, 
At it war gond, it glittertt fte. 

Hit hameiffing was (jlk. of Ind^. 

And fet with preciot ftaoit frifi ; 
He amlit on ane nobill kinde : 
Apone hir heid ftude crownit thrift. 

Hir gannentt war of gpwclp gay i 

Bot uthir colonr law I naqe. 
Ane flyand fool then did I £ce 

Lycht bcfyd hir on ane ftane* 

A ftowp intill hir hand Ccho hair, tt^ 

And halie water had ready* 
Scho fprinklit the fei|d baith heir and thlir» 

Said, Tbair dall mooie deid corps ly : 


At yon brig upon yone |>uro» 

C^hair the water rip8 bryc^t Mid ij^boo^ 
Thair fall monie fteidi» ipvrq, 

And knychtit die throch battail kein. 

XV. • 

To the two knychtit thap cuch fcho Uj i 

Lac be your ftryif, njy knychtit fre. 
Ye tak your hort, and ryde your way. 

As God or<3ainis, fa muft it be. 

SanA George ! q^hiUc art naioe awin knytht^ v 

Ye will be forcit thf feild to tae : 
Sand Andro ! thow hat the rycht. 

But thy wrangoas heif^ fail wirk th^ wae* . 


k% ■ - . ^^rv. 


^ttK MABT, 134a— K5&7^ S}K 


No«r ar thay on thair wayisgaoc^ 

The Ladle and the knyehtk tway.-^— * 
To that bairo then can I mane» 
And aikit cydingt by my fay. 

Quhat kind of (icht was that, l faidy 

Thow (he frit me opoo yon lee ? 
Or qahairfrom cam yon knichtis two f 
They feimit of aoe far countries 

That Lady that I lat yo« fie« 

That 18 the Qaein of Hevio fa bricht. 
The fowl that flew doon by her knie. 
Is Sand Michael, meikil of micht.' 

The knychtis twa the feild wiU ta^ 

Qahair monie man in feild fail ficht^ 
Knaw ye weiil, it fall be fa. 

And die fall monie a irenttH kniehr* 

IVith Deith fall monye adoachtie deil$ 

And Lordis all be then away.<^-«^ 
Thsir is nane herrell now caa teU 
Quha fall win the (eild that dayw 

A crownit King, with armies thrie^ 

Under the banner fall be fcl ; 
Two falsand ^yet thair (all be^ 
• The third fall fight and m;*ik>gnt IvTw 

Banneirs fy ve again fall ftvjtv^ 

And cum in on the other fydc; 
The qnhite Lyoon fall bet tbama douiy 

And wirk thamt wae- with 

Bat the beiris hrid, with the red Lyow^ 

Sa fweitlie into red gobi iett^ 
That day fall flay the king mth crown, 

Thoch monie X^rdis mak gvit letu 

Thair fall att6ar the water of Forth, 

Set in gold the red Lyomi v 
Ax3d monie Lordia out of the Nor^ 

To that battell (all tuaik thamtbouo. 



Thair fall crefcentis com foil keio. 

That wcire the croce as reid at blade $ 
On ilka fyde fall forow befein, 

Defouled is monie dooghty brode, 

Befyde a loch upon a lie : 

Thay fill afTembil upon a day j 
And monie douchty man fall die ; 

Few in quiet fall found away. 


Our Scottis Kingr fall cum foH keic t. 

The red Lyoun Seireth' he : 
A fedderit arrow (harp, I wein, 

Sail maik him wink rycht wae to fee, 

Out of the feild he fall be led, 

Yit to his men then fall be fay, 
** For Goddis love, torn yow af ane, 

M And gif yon Soutfaion folk a fray. 

*< Quhy foold I lofe ? the richc is mine ; 

■* My fate is not this day eo die.— > 
*• Yonder is Falfett fled away, 

<* And Lawtie blaws his horn on Eie." 

Our bludy King that wetrs the crowd, 

Than bauldlie fall the battel bide i 
His banneir fall be beaten down, >< 

And haif na hulrhiaheid to hyde. 

The fternisthHe that liayfeU die 

Quhilk heirs the hart ^n fthrer ih^o; 
Thair is na riches, gold, nor' flie. 

May length faa»iyif lane 4iour) Iwein; - 


Twyfs thruch the fleld that knycht iail rid^y 

And twyfs rrikew the King wkh crown. 
He fall maik monie s< baimer yeild. 

The knycht that beam the toddis^^tM»; ' 

Bot quhan he fies the Irfoon diei " " ^ 

Than wait ye Weill, he wilf be Wac*. 
BefydhimfetchtisbaimiiCbriei ' ^ 

Two ar quhitc, thtf ^trid kbUie* '- 



'^BEK MARY, 1542 — 1567* %33 


The toddis thair fall flay ike two. 

The thrid oi thame faH'maik-him die. 
Oat of the feld fall ga na msit 
Bet ane knicht, aod knaifis thrie. 
— XXXVI. — 
Thair cumsiis a bainner red as b1ude 

In a fchip of filver ifaeyne i 
'With him cummis mooye ferlie brude 
To wirk the Scottis grit hurt and peyne. 

Thair cummis a gaift out fra the weft> 

Is of another langage than he. 

To the battell bounis him in he£V, 

Sane as the fetoye he cap fie. 

XXXVI 11. 
The raches wirks thame grit wstureft 

Qahair thay ar rayit on a lie. 
I can nocht tell yow quho hath the beft, 
Ilk on of them maiks uther die. - 

A quhite fwan fet into blae. 

Sail fembyll now fra the fouth fie. 
To work the Northern folk grit wae. 
For knaw ye weill, thus fail it be. ■ 

The fiaikkis aucht, with filver fet. 
Sail fembyll fra the other fide ; 
Uctill he and the fwan be met, 

Thay fall wirk wae with woandis wide. 

■ XU. 
Thair woundis wyde thair weids hath wet, 

So baldlie will thir bairnis byde ; 
It is na reck quha gettis the beil^ 
Thay (all baiih die in that fam tyde. 

Thair cumoais t Lord out of the north) 

Ridand upon a hors of trie. 
That brade landis hath beyond Forth ; 
The quhite hind beireth he^ 

And twae raches that ar blae^ 
Set into gold that is fo Crie, 
That day the eagle fall hi]n t»e. 
And then put up hi« banner hie* 





Thair will he eolaked be. 

His menye fayis, harmefay ; 
The eagiil puts his banner on hie, 
And faifs the feild he won that daf • 

Thair fall the Lyoun ly ful ftill 
Into a vaillie fair and bricht. 
A Lady (bouts with wordis (hill, 

And fayis, Wae wirth the, coward knicht I 

Thy men ar flane apoun yon hill. 

To deid ar monie doQchty dicht. 
Thereat the Lyoon lyketh illj 

And raifeth his banneir hie on hicht. 

LVI. \ 

Upon the mnir th^t is fa grey, 

Befyd ane heidles croce of (Uoe, 
Thair fall the Eagil die chat day. 
And the red Lyoun win the name. 

The Eagils thrie fall lofe the grie 

Qohilk thay haif had this-monie a day; 
The red Lyoun fall win renoon, — 
Win all the feild, and heir away* 

One crow fall cnm,. another fall g^. 

And drink the gentiU blude la fie.-^ 
<2uhen all thefe fcrlies wer away. 
Then faw I nane but I>and he. 

£Th:in to the bairn faft cuth 1 fay, 

Qubair ducliis thow } la .quhat cuDtrie } 
Or quho (all rewl the ifle Bricaisi 
Fra the North to the ^oiitb He ? 

The French wife fal bcir the fon 
Sal rewl al Britane to the fie; 
That pf the Bruces blude fal cum 
As neir as the ninth degric] 

1 frailiitfaft what was his nime; 

QMhence that he cam— Fron) quhat cantrie. 
. Jn E flingtone I dwell at hame; "' 

. Thomas the Rym«r men csdi me. 




ft is evident that the vrhaU of this rhapfody, from (laoza 4. to fitnxs 
35, hiK a reference to the fatal day of Floddcn field ; the latter part of 
it, to tiiat of Pinkejr; and that th'e two contending nations are thereiii 
di{>in<5lly reprtfented by their tutelar faints, St. George and St. An- 
dre \^ . —The Englifli champion in ancient legends is fometimet denomi- 
nated the * Knycht of our Lady ;'* but there is fome appearance here 
asif th;- author bad an eye to Mirgaret, Queen of' James TV. of Scot- 
land, upon whofe ** head ftude crownis thrie ;** (he being at tjiat time 
(1513) he^r apparent to her brother Henry Vltl. and her fecond huf. 
liani a hni^t of the order of • Sr. Michael " 

Be this, however, as it may, eveiy reader muft be fatisfied that the 
•< crownic king with armies thrie" is James IV. at the battle of Flod- 
den ; reprefc^nted in (lanzas 24, 28, &c. as ** beat down by the white 
lyon," Howaid Earl of Surry ; and that the " Sternis thrie" in tfie 
34d. ftanza, with equal certainty, denote the Mailer of Angjis, who, 
with his brother Sir William Douglas,, and many more of the fame fa. 
mily fell there with their Sovereign. 

From ilanza 36 to SS the allufions are all to the war of 154^ ; parti- 
cularly to t^c battle of l*inkey. Two of the £ngli(h leaders, the Earl 
of Warwick, and Lord Grey, are clearly diftinguifhed by theirarmorial 
beariugs; viz. the Swan, and the Eight (rather fix) bars acrofs the 
ibield : As alfo the Earl of Huntly by the ratches (hounds) his fupport- 
er?, and the white hind, his creft. Th^perfonagc dcfcnbed from f(an* 
za 50 to 55 is not fo eafily made out ;— perhiaps Matthew Stewart, 
Earl of I^ennox, married to I^ady Margaret Douglas, niece of Henry 
Vlll. and daughter of the Earl of Angus. The Earl of I^ennoz was, 
at that time, entirely under the influence. of ihe Engliih Coorc. Some 
of the particulars of this defcription are to be found, word for word, 
in Berlingtnn's prophecy : I fhall not fay, — bosrowed from it ; for, af- 
ter all, it is not quite clear which of them contains the oldefl ilanirds. 
The whole of thcfe ridiculous pjophecie!> publiOied under the names of 
Beflington, Thomas the Rhymer, Merlin, Bede, Waldhave, Gildas, 
Sybilla, &c. allude chiefly to Scotland, and have, in allrefp As, a great 
refemblance to one another, bein^ apparently made up, in a great mea- 
fure, of fcraps of much older things of the fame nature. In two of 
them the year 1485 i* enigmatically pointed out as likely to become, a 
remarkable epoch ; in another, 1322; and in a third, 1549. lo the 
form we now find them, however, they all probably made their appear- 
ance between the years 1538 and IJ48. ^ 

The book of prophtcies being very common, it is not worth while to 
point out the few flight corre<Sioo8 which been made. 




** Allan Ramfaj imagined that the fcene of aSHon was 
tH the Bannatjne MS. tbe Doun ; whtrgas it is thi 
Drumi near Da/ieith, now Somerviiie-boufif. Itbis 
I eircw^fiance jeems to point out that ScOTT was an in* 
hsAite^t of DaUeitb* The humour being temporary 
and iocal^ is now4n a great meafure kjli* H* 


X HE grit Debate and TumaHiefity 
Of treuth no toung can tcU, 
Was for a luflj Wy gent, 
Betwix twa Ireikis fell ; 
For Mars tfie Grbd atmipotent ' 
Wasnot fa ferfs himfell, , 
Nor Hercules, th^t aiks iiprent,, 
And <lang the devil t>f hdl ; ^ „ 

Up at the Drum tiiat day, 


Upudes was not fo duchty deidis 
Amangis the dowfy peiris^ 
Ifer yit no clerk in ftory reidis 
^f fa triumphand weiris ; * 

Vol. Ill, S To 



To fc fo ftoutly on thair ileidis 
Tha ftalwart knychtis fteirlsi 
Quhyle belljes bair for brodding bleidis 
With fpurs as fcherp as breiris. 

And kene up at the tjnim that day. 


Up at the Drum the day was fet. 

And fixit was the feild, 

Quhair baith thir noble chiftains met 

Enarmit under fchield ; 

They tver fae hafty and fae bet. 

That nane of them wad yeild. 

But to debaic, or be doiln bety 

And in the quarrell keild, 

Or flane up at the Drum that day. 

There was ane better and ane worfs, 
I wald that it wer wittin, 
For William wichtar wes of corfs 
Nor Synl, and bettir knittin. 
Sym faid, He fet nocht by his fbrfs. 
But hccht he fuld be hittin, 
And he micht counter Will on horfs. 
For Sym was better fittin 

Nor Will up at the Drum that day. 

To fee the ftryfe come yunkeis ft out, 
And mony galyiart man, 
All dointies dcir was thair bot dout, 
The wyne on breith it ran : 
Trumpettis and fchalmis, with a fchout, 
Playid or the rink began. 
And eikwall juges fat about 
To fee quha tint or wan 

The field up at the Drum that day, 



QJJEEN MARr, 154a — 1567. I39 

With twa blunt truncher fpeiris fquair. 
It was their interpryifs 
To fecht with baith their feces bair. 
For luve, as is the gjifs ; 
A friend of theirs, throu hap cam thair, 
And hard the rumor ryifs ; 
He ftall away their ftings baith clair, 
And hid in fecret wayjifs. 

For Ikaith up at the Drum that day. 


Strang men of armes and of laicht, 

Wer fet them for. to fidder ; 

The harrald cryd, God fchaw the richt, 

Syn bad them go togidder. 

Quhair is my fpeir ? fays Sym the knicht. 

Sum man go bring it bidder ; 

But wald they tary thair all nicht, 

Thair launces cam to lidder 

And flaw up at the Drum that day. 

Sym flew as fery as a fown, 
DoWn frae the horfs he flaidy 
Sayis, He fall rew my ftaff" has ftpwn. 
For Lfall be his deid. 
William his vow plicht to the powin. 
For favour .or for feid, 
Als gude the trie had nevir grown, 
Quhairof my fpeir was maid 

,To jufl: up at the Drum that day. 

Thair vowis maid to fun and mgne, 
They raikit baith to reft. 
Them to refrefch with their disjoue, 
And of their armour keft ; 


■ '■ ' ^ 

140* CHROVfCIiB OP scoTtmr POttM • 

Not knawing of the deld wes done, 
Quhen the j fuld haif faWa beft, 
'The fjre was pifckt out lang or ndiat, 
Their dennaris fuld baif dreft« 

And dicht up at the Drum that day. 

Then wer thay movit out of myudj 
Far mair than of befomei 
They wift not hou to get him pynd. 
That them had dilren to fcom : 
Ther was nae death mycht be devynd. 
But aithis haif thay fworn. 
He fuld deir by, be thay had dyud. 
And ban that he was bom^ 

Or bred up at the Drum that day. 

Then to Dalkeith they made thame boun, 
Reid-wod of this reproche^ 
There was baith wyne and renifoun. 
And barrellsran on broche. 
They band up kyndnes in that toun, 
Nane frae his feir to foche. 
For there was riowder lad nor lottn 
Micht eat ane baikinJotch 

For fownefs, up ^t Dalkeith that day. 

Syne after denner raife the din. 
And all the toun on fteir. 
William was wyifs, and held him in. 
For he was in a feir. 
Sym to haif bargain cowld not bliti. 
But bukkit Will on weir, 
^ays, Gif thou wald this lady win, 
Cum furth and break a fpcir 

With me, up at Dalkeith this day. 



ftPSBK KAUT, t54l.~I567. 141 


Thus ftill for bargane Sym abyddtd. 

And fcboutit Will to fchame. 

Will faw his facs on baith the fjrddis. 

Full fail he dred for blame : 

Will fchortly to his horfs he fljdes. 

And fajis to Sym be name. 

Better we baith were bujand hyddis 

And wedder ikynnis at hame. 

Nor heir, up at Dalkeith this day* 

Now is the grume that was fae grym 
Richt glad to leif in lie. 

Fy, thief, for fchame, fayis littil Sym, 

WUl thou nocTeeht with me ! 

Thou art mair large of lyth and lim, 

Nor I am be fie tbrie. 

And all the field cryd, Fy on him, 

Sae cowardly tuke the fiie 

For feir, up at Dalkeith that day. 


Then every man gave Will a mok, 

And faid. He was owre meik. 

Says Sym, Send for thy broder Jok, 

I fall not be to fiek ; 

For were ye fourfum in a flok, 

I compt yow nocbt a lick, 

Tho' I had rycht not but a rok 

To gar your rumpill rcik 

Behynd, up at Dalkeith thi^ day. 


There was richt nocht but haif and ga, 

With lauchter loud they leuch, 

Quhen they faw Sym fie courage ta, 

And Will mak it fae tcuch. 



Sjtn lap on horfebark 1 jke a ra. 

And ran liim tiil a huche. 

Says Williairi cuai rvde down this bra, 

Thocht ye fuld brek a buche, 

l^'or lufe, up at Dalkeith this daj, 

Syne down the l>ra Sym braid lyke thuifider^ 
And bad Will follow faft ; 
To grund, for ferfenes, he did funder. 
Be he mid-hill had pad. 
V/illiam faw Sjm in fie a blunder^ 
To ga he wes agait j 
For he affeird, it was nae wounder 
His courfour fuld him caft, 

And hurt him up at Dalkeith that day^ 

Tlian all the yonkers bad Will yield. 
Or doun the glen to gang ; 
Sum cryd the coward fuld be keild. 
Sum doun the heuch they thrang ; 
' Sum rufcht, fum rummyld, and fum rield. 
Sum be the bewches hie hang : 
Thair avers fyld up all the feild. 
They were fae fou and pang. 

With eife, up at Dalkeith that d^y, 

Than gelly John came in a jak, 
To field quhair he was feidit, 
Abone his brand a bucklar blak. 
Bail fell the beirn that baid it ; 
He flipit fwiftly to the flak. 
And rudly doun he raid it. 
Before his curpall was a-crak. 
Could na man tell quha maid it. 

For lauchter, up at Dalkeith that day* 


^EEN MARY, 1 542— -1 567. 1 43 

Be than the bougil gan to blaw. 
For nicht had them owretaiie : 
Alace, faid SjiOj^for faut of law. 
That bargan get I nane. , 
Thufs haxne with mony crack and flaw 
They paflit every ane ; 
Syne partit ^t the Potter-raw, 
And findry gaits are gane. 

To reft them within the toun that nIcht. 

Quod Alex. Scott. 

Likti Cbrift*x Kirk on the Greene^ this imitation of it Teems to have fuf- 
fered by abfurd augmentation. The copy in the MS. ends with the 
following ftanza, to all appearance, unconne&ed with any part of the 
poem : 

, This Will has he begoild the May, 

And did hir marriage fpill ; 
He promift hir to let him play, 
Hir purpofe to fulfill ; 
Frae fcho fell fow, he fled awaiy, 
And came nae mair hir till ; 
Quhcrfore he tint the feild that day, 
And tuke him to a mill. 

To hyd him as coward falfe of fay. 

St- viii. 1. 5. " plicht to the powin/* Bound himfclf by a vow to 
the peacock, according to the. ufual cuftom of Knights upon their un- 
dertaking to give fome confpicuous proof of their valour. 





IFrom the Bawkattke MS.J 


X E blindit luvaris, luke 
The reklefs Ijfc ye leid. 
Efpj the fnair and huke 
That halds you be the held. 
Thairfoir, I reid remeid, 
To leife aad lat it be ; 
For lufe hes non at feid 
Bot foils that can not fie. 

Quhat IS your lufe bot liift, 
Ane littill for delyte ; 
And beftly game robuft. 
To reif your reffoun quyte, 
Ane fowfum appetyte. 
That ftrcnth of perfon walkis j 
Ane paftance unperfyte, 
To fmyte you with the ]glaikis. 

Quhair fenfuall luft proceids. 
All honeft lufe is pynd ; 
Ye ma corapair your deids 
Unto ane brutall kynd. 
Fra vertew be contrynd 
To follow vyce, confidder 
That reffoun, wit, and mynd, 
Are all ago togidder. 



The wyfeft woman thairout. 
With wirdis may he wyllit. 
To do the deid, but dout 
That honour hes exyllit. 
How mony ar begyllit. 
And few I find that chaipis ; 
Thairfoir your faithis ar fylit 
To frawd thay filly aipis; 

V. ^ 

Ye mak regaird for grace 
Quhair nevir grace yit grew ; 
Ye lang to rin the race 
That ane or baith fall rew ; 
Ye preifs ay to pcrfew 
Thair fyte and awin forrow ; 
Ye treft to find thame trew 
That nevir wes beforrow. 

Ye cry on Cupeid king. 
And Venus quenejn vax^; 
Ye fend all maner thing 
With trattils thame to traae ; 
Ye preitche, ye fleitch, ye frane. 
Ye grane ay qahile thay grant ; 
Your pretticks ar profane^ 
Pure ladeis to fupplant. 

Ye fchout as ye wet fchcnt, 
Thay fwoun to fe you fmartk ; 
Y^ rame as ye wer rent. 
And thay ar jewthfuU hair tit. , 
Your play is fone pervertit^ 
Fra that thair belly ryfs ^ 
Thay wary yow that gart it. 
And ye thame in lykwyfs.* 

Vol. in. T Vltt, 



Yit thair is lefam lufe 

That lauchtfuUj fuld left V 
He is nocht to reprufe 

That is with atie pofleft. 

That band I hald it beft. 

And nocht to pafs attoar^ 

Bot je can tak no reft 

Quhill thay kaft up all fouf. 

Sic luvaris feyndill meitis, 
Bot ladeis ay forlorne is 
Quhen thay bewail] and greitis^ 
Sum of you lawchis and ikortiisl 
Your bechty your aith menfworne is; 
Your lippis ar lyk burd lyme ; 
I hald ye want bot hornis. 
As bukkis in belling tyme. 

Ye trattill and ye tyft, 
Quhill thay foryct thair fame y 
Ye trane thame to ane hyft, 
And thair ye get thame tame. 
Thay fufly nocht for fchame. 
Nor caftis nocht quhat cumis fyney 
Bot quhen ye claw thair wame, 
Thay tummyll our lyk fwyne. 

Nocht yung perverfit natouris^ 
To palyardy applawddis, 
Bot yit auld rubiatouris 
That h^nt the laittis of lawdi^, 
Quhen thay begin fie gawdis, 
To leif thay ar moft laith ; . 
Quhan thay haif gottin blawdis. 
With Venus bowtyne cletb. 


^MMX WAftT^ 1541— Z567i 147 


*ye wantoun wowaris waggis 
With thame that hes the cuBje ; 
Half ane biftneir baggis. 
Ye grunch not at her gruny^. • 
Swa ladeis will nocht founye • 
With waiftit wowbattis lottip^ 
Bot proudly thaj will prounyc, 
Quhair geir is to be gottim 

Quhair money may yow mbif^ 
I hald it averjnce, 
Thair is na conilant lufe, 
Bot common merchandyce« 
This ordour now is ny^c, 
Quhair lufe is fauld and coft, 
Jt is ane dowbill vyce 
To bring the Devill on loft. 

The bich the cur-tyk fannis ; 
The wolf the wilrone ufis j 
The muill frequentis the annisy 
And hir awin kynd abufis. • 
Rycht fwa the meir refufia 
The curfour for ane alver ^ . 
Swa few 1 fynd excufis 
Bot wemen quha will waver. 

Yit pathettis few decreitis, 
Saif ane hecht Pertonie. 
Bot of your Sodomeitis 
In Rome and Lumbardie^ 
In avillous Italie, 
To compt how ye converfs^ 
1 ug for villanie ^ '' 
Your vycis to rcherfs. 




Quhair Lechery belappis. 
All fleidfaft luve it ftoppis ; 
Quhair hurdome ay unhappis 
With quenry, cannis and poppisy 
Ye pryd yow at thair proppis. 
Till hair and herd grow 49pill « 
Ye covet all kyn croppis. 
As Eva did the apill. 


Thus ye haif all the wyte. 
And thair mifcheif ye mak it. 
That fuld haif wit pcrfyte. 
And wifdom to abilrakit. 
Suld ladeis than be lakkit, , 
Thocht few of thame be gud» 
For all diflait thay tak it. 
Of your awin fieih and blud^. 


Wald ye foirfe the forme, 
The faflbun, and the fck. 
Ye fuld it fynd inorme, 
With bawdry yow to blek. 
Thiirfoir fle fra fi^fpek. 
Or than fa mot I thryfc. 
Your natouris ye neglek, ^ 

And wantis your wittis fyve* 


Appardoun me of thHs, 

Gf ocht be to difplefs yow. 

And quhair. 1 mak a mifs, 

M V myad fall be to meife yow. reflbuns raifs yow 

Fra crymes under coite ; 

O w r ye fay n ocht, waifs yow ! 

Ouod Alexander Scote, 



fFrom Ramfay*s Evergreen, compared with the Banna- 



JL E lufty Ladjis, luke 
The rackles Ijfe ye leid. 
Haunt nocht in hole or nuke, 
Xo hurt your womanheid ; 
I red, for beft remeid, 
Forbeir all place prophane \ 
Gif this be caufe of feid, 
I fall not fayt again. 


Quhat is fie luve but luft, 
A lytill for delyte, 
To hant that game robuft, 
And belftly apetyte ; 
1 nowther fleich nor flyte, 
But veritie tell plain ; 
Tak ye this in defpyte, 
I fall not fayt again. 

The wyfeft fcho may fone 
Seducit be and fchent. 
Syne frae the dcid be done. 
Perchance fall fair repent , 
Ower late is to lament, 
Frae btlly dow not lane, 
Therfor in tyme tak tent : 
I fall ngt fayt again. 





Licht wenches luve will fawin, 
Evin lyke a fpanjeolis lauchter. 
To lat hir wyme be elawin 
Be them lift geir betawcht hir ; 
For conyie je ,maj chaucht hir. 
To fched hir fchaokis in twane. 
And nevir fpeir quhais aucht hit : 
I fall not fajt again. 

Thocht bruckle women hantia 
In luft to leid thair Ijvis, 
And wedow men that wantis 
To fteil ane pair of fwyvis ; 
But quhere that marriet wjvis 
Gois by thair hufbands bane, 
That houlhald nevir thryvis : 
I fayt, and fayt again. 

It fettis not madynis als 
To lat men lowfe thair laice. 
Nor clym about mens hals. 
To clap, to kifs, nor brace, 
Not- round in fecreit place ; 
Sic treatment is a train 
To cleif thair quaver-cafe : 
I fall not fayt again. 

Fareweil with cheftetie, 
Fra wenchis fall to chucking, 
Thair followis thingis thre, 
To gar them ga in gucking, 
Bracing, graping, plucking ; 
Thir foure the futh to fane, 
Enforfis them to bucking : 
1 fall not fayt again. 


QJJEEN M&KYi 1542— IJ67. Ijl 


Sum luvis new cum to toun, 
With jeigs to mak them jol j ; 
Sum luvis danfs up and dpun^ 
To miefs thair melancolj j 
Sum luvis lang troly lolj. 
And fum of niggling fain, 
Ljk fillocks full of foly : 
I fall not fayt again. 

Sum mone. brunt maidynis mjld, 
At none-tyde of the nicht, 
Ar chapit up with chyld, 
Bot coil or candle-licht ; 
Sua lum faidy mayds has fllcht 
To play and tak na pane. 
Syne chift thair fein fra ficht : 
I fall not fayt again. 

Sum thinks na fchame to clap 
And kifs in open wyifs ; 
Sum .cannot keip her yap 
Frae lanfing, as fcho lyifs ; 
Sum goes fa gymp in gyifs, 
Or fcho war kifut plain, 
Scho leur be japit thryifs : 
I fall not fayt again. 

Mair gen trice is to jot 
Undir ane filkin goun, 
Nor ane quhyt petty cot 
And reddy^r ay boun. 
The denkeft foneft doun. 
The faireft but refrain, 
The gayeft greatell loun, 
I fall not fayt again. 


xs% cmovicLE 0? SCOtTtsfi ?OSt&T» 


The tnoir degeft and grave. 
The grydiar to grip it j 
The njccft to reffave. 
Upon the nynnis will nip it ; 
The qujeteift will quhipit. 
And nocht thair hurdeis hane ; 
The lefsy the larger hippit ; 
I fall not fayt again. 


Lo ladyis gif this be, 

A gude counfale I geif you, 

To fave your honeftie, 

Fra iklander to releife you ; 

But ballatis ma to breif you, ^ 

I will nocht break my brain, 

Suppofe ye fould mifcheif you, 

I fall not fayt again. 

Quod Scott. 




'. * ■ • 



Jr RA raige of youth the rynk hes rone^ 
And reflbne tane the man to tune. 
The brukle hody than is wone. 
And maid ane >^efchell new* 
For than thriich giaoe he is hegunne 
"Ilie well of wifilom for to kiinne. 
Than is his weid of vertew fpuime. 
Treft Weill this taill is trew. 

^or routh and will are fo conforfs. 
Without that wifdome iiiak devorfs^ 
Thay rin lyk wyld undauntit horfs. 

But brydillS) to and fro. 
Thair curage fa ourendis thair corfs, 
Throcht heit of blude it hes fie forfs^ 
Bot gif the mynd haif fum remorfs. 
Of God all is ago. 

This wid fantaftyk luft but lufe, 
Dois fo 3mng men to madnefs mufe. 
That thsly may nouthif reft nor rufc 

Till thay mifcheif thair fellis. 
Haif thay thair harlottis in behufe, 
Thay fufly npt thair God abufe ;* 
Thair fame, thair wirfchip^ nor reprufe 
Of honour nor ocht ellis. 
Vol. IlL U iV. 



Perme luvc with prudens fold be ufit, 
Thocht fum ?.llegeaiid to excas it, 
Sajiag, that luve with Will inclufit 

Yit is not wprth a battoun. 
Sic vane opinions is confufit. 
That ma bat reflban maj be rofit. 
Quha bene with beiftlj loft abuiit, 

I hald him but ane muttomi. 


Quha wald in luve be eftimat^ 
Suld half thair hairtis ay elevat 
With mertial mjnds in doing that^ , 

Mjcht caufs thair fais to dout thame. ^ 
Thocht women felf be temerat, 
Thaj luve no man effeminate 
And halds thame, hot I wat not quhat, 
' That can nocht be without thame. 

Yit man fold favour thame, howbeid 
Thaj be hot neccffar of ncid ; 
Becaufs we cum of thame^ indeid, 

Thair perfons fuld be pryfit. 
As giund is ordaind to heir feid. 
So is the woman bora to breid 


The fru& of man, and that to feid^ 

As nature hes devyfit. 

Schort to conclude, I wald baith knew 
That luvaris fuld be kill and trew ; 
And ladeis fuld all thingis efchew 

That ma thair honor fmot. 
Be permanent that wald perfew. 
And rin nocht reklefly to rew, 
Bot as I direft. Adew ! 

Thufs I depairt quod ScoTT. 






A MUSE and mervellis in my mjnd, 
Quhat way to wryt, or put in vers> 
The quent confaitis of wemen-kjnd. 
Or half thair havingis to rehers ; 
,1 fynd thair haill afFeftioun 
So contrair thair complexioun. 

For quhy ? no leid unleill thay leitj^ 
XJntrewth exprefsly thay expell ^ 
Yit thay ar planeift and repleit. 
Of falfet and diflait thair fell : 
So find I thair affeflioun 
Contrair thair awin complexioun. 

Thay favour np wayis fuliche men. 
And verry few of thame ar wyifs. 
All gredy perfonis thay milken. 
And thay ar full of covettyifs. 
So find I thair affeftioun 
Contrair thair awin complexioun. 

' I can thame call but kittie unfellis. 
That takkis fie maneris at thair motheris^ 
To bid men keip thair fecreit counfailis, 
%ne fchaw the fame againe till uthiris ; 
^ find I thair affeftioun 
Contrair thair awin complexioun. 




Thaj lawch with thanie that thaj difpyt, 
And with thair Ijkingis thaj lament ; 
Of thair wanhap thaj lay the wyt 
On thair leill Invaris innocent : 
So find I thair afiedioun 
Contrair thair awin complexioon. 

Thay wald be rewit, and hes no rewth | 
Thay wald be menit, and no man menis ; 
Thay wald be trow!t, and hes no trewth ; 
Thay wifs thair will that (kant Weill wenys : 
So find I thair affe&ioun 
Contrair diair awin complexioun. 

Thay forge the friendfchip of the £remmit| 
And fleis the favour of thair freinds ; 
Thay wald with nobtll men be nemmit^ 
Syne laittandly to lawar leinds : 
So find I thair afiedionn 
Contrair thair awin oompleiionn. 

Thay lichtly fone, and cavettis quickly ; 
Thay bame ilk body and thay b^ekit; 
Thav kmdill faft, and dois ill lickly ; 
Thay iklander faik1es» and *fufpedit : 
So find I thair ^ifiedioun 
Contrair thair awin complexioun. 

Thay wald half all men bund and thrall 
To thame, and thay for to be fre ; 
Thay covet ilk man at thair call. 
And thay to Icif at libertic : 
So find I thair affeAioun 
pontrair thair awin complexioun. 

* MS. and thay fufpcAit. 





Thay tak delyt in martiall deidis, 
Ar-d ar of nature tremebund , 
/Thay i^ald men nureift all tbair neidis. 
Syne confortles lattis thame confound : 
So find I thair affedioun 
Contrair tbair a win complexioun. 

Thay wald baif wating on alway. 
But guerdoun, genyeild, or regaird ; 
Thay wald baif reddy fervands ay. 
But recompans, tbank, or rewaird : 
So find I thair afFe£tioun 
Contrair thair awin complexioun^ 

The vertew of this writ and vigour. 
Maid in comparifone it is. 
That famenene ar of this figour, 
Q^ilk clippit is dntipbrqfis : 
For quby ? thair baill affeflioun 
fs contrair tbair complexioun« 

I wat, gud we men will liot wyt me. 
Nor of this feduU be efchamit ; 
For be thay courtas, thay will quyt me ; 
And gif thay <:rab. heir I quytclame it; 
Confcfland thair nffedlioun 
Conforme to thair complexioun. 

Quod Scott. 




JLiUVE prejrfis, but comparefohe^ 
Both gentill, fempilly generall ; 
And of fre will gevis warefonc. 
As fortoun chanfis to befall : 
For luve makis nobill ladeis thrall^ 
Tq bai&r men of birth and bind ; 
So luve garris fpbir wemen finally 
Get maiftrice our grit men of gud* 

Ferme luve, for favour, feir, or feid^ 
Of riche nor pur to fpeik fuld fpair ; 
For luve to hienes hes no heid. 
Nor lychtleis lawlines ane air, 
But puttis all perfonis in compair : 
This prowerb planely for to preve. 
That men and women, lefs and mair, 
Ar cumd of Adame and of Eve. 

Sa thocht my liking wer a leddy, 
And 1 no Lord, yet nocht the lefs, 
Scho fuld my ferwic.e find als reddy. 
As Duke to Duches docht him drcfs ; 
For as proud princely luve exprefs 
Is to haif foverenitie, 
So fervice cummis of fympilnefs, 
And leileft luve of law degre. 


QJJEEN MARY, 1 542— 1 5674 t^A 


So luvaris 4air no leid fuld lak, 

A lord to liife a fiUj lafs, 

A leddjr als, for luf to tak, 

Ane propir page, hir tym to pafs. 

For quhy ? as bricht bene birneifl brafs 

As filver wrocht at all deWyfs ; 

And als gud drinking out of glafs 

As gold^ thocht gold gif grittar prjfs. 

Quoi> Alex. Scott. 






vJuHEN Flora had ourfret the firth. 
In May of every moneth queue ; 
Quhen merle and mavis fingis with mirth, 
Sweit melltng in the fchawis fchene ; 
Quhen all luvaris rejofit bene. 
And moil defyrus of thair pray ; 
I hard a lufty luvar mene, 
I luve^ hot I dar nocht aiTay. 

Strang ar the panis I daylie prufe, 
Bot yet with patience I fuftcne ; 
I am fo fetterit with the lufe 
Onlie of my Lady fchene ; 
Quhilk for her bewty mycht be Qucnc, 
Natour fa craftely alwey, • 
Hes done depaint that fweit fcherene*- 
Quhome I luf I dar nocht affay. 

Scho is fa brycht of hyd and hew^ 
I lufe but hir allone T wene ; 
Isnon hir luf that may efchew, 
That blenkis on that dulce amene. 
Sa cumly cleir ar hir twa ene, 
That fcho ma luvaris dois effirey,' 
Than evir of Grice did fair Helene. 
Quhome 1 luf I dar nocht aflay. 





JVIat is a moneth maift amene 
For tham in Venus fervice bene. 

To recreate thair havy hartis : 
May cauflis curage fra the fplene, 

And every thing in May revertis, 

In May the pleafant fpray i^ifpringis, 
%n May the mirthful maveis fingis ; 

And now in May to madypnis fawis, 
With tymmer weqhtis to trip in riogis^ 

And to play upcoil with the bawis. 

In May gois gallandis bringin fymmef , 
And trymly occupyis their tymmer. 

With ** bunt up^^ evry morning plaid : 
In May gois gentlewemen gymmer. 

In gardynnis grene their grumes to glaid. 


In May quhen men yied everichone. 
With Robene Hoid and Littil John, 

To bring in bowis and birkin bobbynis ^ 
Now all fie game is faftlings gone, 

Bot gif it be amangs clowin Robbynis. 

Abbotts by rule, and Lords but refTone, 
Sic fenyeoris tynes our weill this feflbne ^ 

Upon thair vyce war lang to waik, 
Quhais Falfit, Feiblenefs and Treffone, 

Hes rung thryfs owie this zodiak. 

Vol. in. X VI. 

3. TH-^ 

'''is — 



In May begias the go% to gail ; 

In May drawls deir to do«in and diale ; 

In May men mells with famynie. 
And ladys meitis thair lavaris lerl, 

Quhen Phebus is in Geminie. 



Butter, new cheife, and bcir in May;^ 
Connans, cokkillis, cvirds and qubey, 

LapfterSy lempets, naniTels in fchellis, 
Grein leiks, and ^ fie m^n may fe;^, 
Suppofe fum of tbame fourly fmellis. 

In May grit men withia thair boundis, 
Stim halkis the waiters^ fum with houndis' 
The hares out throw the foreftis cachis, 
Syne after them thair ladeis foundis. 
To fccnt the rynning of the rachis. 

' In May frank archers will affix 
Ane place to melt, fyne marrows mix. 

To fchute at butts, at bankis and brais | 
Sum at the revers, fum at the prikkis. 
Sum laich and lo bencth ^e dais* , 

In May fowld men of amouris go, 
To ferve thair ladies and na mo. 

Sen thair releifs in ladies lyifs ; 
For fum may cum in favouris fo. 
To kifs his loif on Buchone wyifs. 

In^May gois damofcjlls and dammi$| 
In gardynnis grein to play lyk lammis ; 

Sum at the barris thay brace like billers j 
Sum tinnis at barlabreikis like rammis, 
. Stim round about the ftandan pillars. . 


iUTEEN MART, 1542^1567. 



tn May gois madynis till Lareit, 
And hes thair mjnyeons on the ilreitj 

To horfe them quhair the gate is ruch : « 
Sum at Inchbuckling-brae thay meit, 

Sum in the middis of Muflelburch. 

So*>May and all thir xnonethis thrie. 
Are het and dry in thair degrie ; 

Therefore ye wanton men in yoathj 
For health of body noW haif ee. 

Not oft to mell with thankles mouth. 

Sen every paftyme id at plefure, 
I council you to mel with mefure^ 

And namely now May, June, and July, 
Delyt nocht lang in luvaris leifure. 

But weit your lipps and labour huly. 

Quop Scott. 

St. a. 1. 4. ^* 

tymmcr wechtis;** i. e; tambour fieves. In 

ihape, fize, and materiahi they rcT^lEinble the upper part uf a drum, aoid 
are Hill commonly uf«d in the winmiwing of corn. Both the words 
are more immediateiy of Belgic origin ; tvecbti from 'wacgtH, vacillarCt 
commoveri ; tymtrier, a variation of iambotry tympanam. ** Upcoil with 
the ba^is/* to play wfth hahd-^Ik, perhaps by throwing Up, and «• 
gain kepping or catching than 4 a4iwrfion which was greatly prac- 
tifed about this feafbn of the year : As were alfo the games of Robin 
Hoid, Llitil John, and the Abbot of Unreafon,Hnentionrd above, p. 
161, for the fuppreifinn df which, our poet etprcfiesno fmall regret; 
accompanied with a fatirkal allofian, we may f uppiiAe, to the L>ords of 
the Congregation about 1562. -Sir Walter jScnt of Suck-deugh, t» 
whom the poet might probably be allied, was One of the Queen's moil 
firm and zealous fupporteri*. 

St. 9* 1* A' ' " ^ revers and prikkis;** the long and fhort di'lan* 
CCS at (hooting with the bow and arrow. Mod of the Other May revelt 
here enumerated, are well known. 




X HOW well of vertew, floure of womanheid. 
And patrone unto patiens. 

Lady of lawty baith in word and deid/ 
Rycht fobir, fweit, full meik of eloquens^ 
Baith gude and fair : To your niagnificens 

I nie commeikl, as I haif done befoir, 

My fempill heart for now and evirmoir. 


For evirmoir I fall you fervice mak, 
S^n, of befoir, into my mynd I made. 

Sen firft I knew your ladyfchip, bot lak, 
Bewtie, youth of womanheid ye had, 
Wifthouten reft my hart couth nocht evade* 

Thus am I youris, and ay fenfyne haif bene . 

Commandit by your gudly twa fair cue. 


Your twa fair ene makis me oft fyis to iing. 
Your twa fair ene makirme to fych alfo, 

Your twa fair ene makis me grit comforting, 
Youc twa fair ene is wyt of all my wo. 
Your twa fair ene may no man keip thame fro, 

Withouttin reft that gets a ficht of thame. 

Thus of all vertew weir ye now the name* 



HJJSEtl MART, 1342^1567. 



Y'e beir the name of gentilnefs of blude. 
Ye beir the name, that monj for je deU, 

Ye beir the name, je are baith fair and gude. 
Ye beir the name that farier than yow feis. 
l^e beir the name, fortune and you agreis. 

Ye beir the name of lands of lenth and breid. 

The well of vertew and fioure of womanheid. 

Quod Scott. 




TO HIS B£A1tt. 

IFrom the Bann. MS.] 


Xj.ENCJk hairt with hir that mud departe, 

And hald the with thy foverane, 
For I had lever want ane harte 

Nor haif the hairt that dois me pane. 
Therefore go with thy luve remaine. 

And let me leif thus unmolefl ; 
Se that thou cum not (hack) againe^ 

Bot byd with hir thou luvis be(l« 


Sen fcho that I haif fervit lang 

Is to depairt fo fuddanly,' 
Addrefs the now, for thou fall gang 

And heir thy lady company. 
Fra fcho be gon, hairtlefs am I ; 

For why ? thou art with hir poflcft, 
Thairfor my hairt ! go hence in hy, 

And byd with hir thou luvis heft. 

Thocht this belappit body heir 

Be bound to fervitude and thrall. 
My faithful heart is fre inteir. 

And mynd to ferf my lady at all. 
Wald God that I wer perigall 

Under that redolent rofc to reft ! 
Yit at the leift, my hairt thow fall 

Abyd with hir thow lufis befl. 


4^EEK MARTj 1 542-^1 567. l6j 


Sen in your garth the lilly quhjte 

May not remane amang the laif, 
Aclew the flour of haill delyte ! 

Adew the fuccour that ma me jQiif ! 
Adew the fragrant balmie fuaif. 

And lamp of ladies luflteft ! 
My faithful hairt fcho fall it, half, 

To byd with hir it luvis beft, 

Seploir ye ladeis cleir of hew^ 

Hir abfence fen fcho moft departe. 
And fpecially ye luvairis trew, 

That woundit bene with luvis daite. 
For ye fall want, yow of ane hairt 

Als Weill as I, thairfore at laft 
J)o go with myn with mynd inwart, 

And byd with hir thou luTis beft, 

Quoi> Scott, 



% ~ 

[From the Bank. MS.] ^ 

VJuHA is pcrfjte to put in wrjte 

The inwart murnyng and mifchance. 
Or to indite the grit delyte 

Of luftie lufis obfervance. 
But he that maj certane . 

Patiently f offer pane, < 

To wyn his foverane 

In refer vance,. 


Albeit I knaw of luvis law 

The pleffour and the painis fmart ; 
Yit I A and aw for to furth fchaw 

The quyet fecretis of my hart. 
For it may Fortune faith - 

To do hir body ikaith, 
Quhilk wait that of them baith 

I am expeit. 


Scho wait my wo that is ago ; 

Scho wait my weilfair and remeid » 
Scho wait alfo, I lufc no mo 

Bot' hir the well of womanheid. 
Scho wait withoutten fail 
I am hir luvar leil ; 
Scho has my hart alhaill 



QJJEEN MART, 154a — IS^J. %6^ 

That bird in bli& in beauty is 

In card the only Aferji, 
Quhais mouth to kis is worth, I wifs. 

The warld full of gold to mc. 
Is nocht in erd I cure. 
Sot pleifs my lady pure. 
Syne be hir fervitur : 

Unto I die. 

Scho has my Infe at hir bdiufe ; 

My hart is fubjtd, boutidi and thrall, 
For fcho dois moif my hart aboif. 

To fe hir proper p^rfoun ftaaU. 
Sen fcho has rewth at wilt 
That natur may fulfill, 
Gladlie I gif hir till 

Body and all. 

Thair is no wie can eftitnie 

My forrow ^d my fiohingis fair ; 
For I am fo done fothfuttie. 

In favour with my ladie fair. 
That baith our hartis ar an^, 
; Luknyt in lufis chenc j 
And everilk greif is gane 

For evir mair. 

QuaD Scott. 

Vol. III. Y xament 



JL O lave unluvit it is ane pane ; 
For fcho that is my foverane, 
Sum wantoun man fo he hes fet hir. 
That I can get no lufe agane, , ^ 

Bot breke mj bairt, and nocht the bettir* 

Quhen that I went with that fweit May, 
To dance, to iing, to fport, and play. 
And oft tymes in my armis plet hir ; 
I do now murae both nycht and day, 
And breke my hairt, and nocht the bettir. 


Quhair I wes wont to fe hir go, 

Rycht trymly pafTand to and fro. 

With cumly fmylis quhen that 1 met hir ; 

And now I leif in pane and wo, 

And breke my hairt, and nocht the bettis. 

' Quhattane ane glaikit fule am I, 
To flay myfelf with melanqoly. 
Sen Weill I ken I may nocht get hir ? 
Or quhat fuld be the cans, and quhy. 
To breke my hairt, and nocht the bettir ? 

My fiairt, fen thow may nocht hir pleis, 
Adew ;. as gude lufe cumis as gais, 
Go chufe ane udir, and forget hir ; 
God gif him dolour and difeis. 
That breks his hairt, and nocht the bettir I 

Quod Scott. 





IJuHOME foald I wyt for my mifcbance, 
But Cupid king of variance ? 
Thy court, without confiderance, 

Quhen I it knew ; 
Or evir made the obfervance, 

Sair, fair I rew. 
Thou and thy law ar inftrumentis 
Of diverfs inconvenimentis ; 
Th J fervice monj fair repentis, 

Knawing the quarrell, 
Quhen body, honor and fubftance fchentis, 

And fatil in perel. 
Quhat is thy manrent but mifcheif, 
Sturt, anger, grunching, yrc and greif, 
111 lyfe, and langour bot releife, 

Of woundis fae wan, 
Difjplifour, pain, and hie repreife 

Of God and man. 
Thou luves all them that lovidefl leis, 
And follows fafteft them that fleis j 
Thou lichtlies all trew properties 

Of luve exprefs. 
And marks quhen ncir aftyme thou feis, 

And hits begefs. 


r^if %•" 




Blind buk ! but at the bound thou fhutes. 
And them forbeirs that the rebutes ; 
Thou ry ves thair hartis fra the rutes, 

Quilk ar thy awin. 
And cures them that cares not three cutes 

To be mifknawln. 
Thou art in friendihip Tcvith thy fae. 
And to thy beft freinds frendt ay. 
Thou fleims all faithful men thee frae. 

Of lledfiEift thocht. 
Regarding nane but them per&y 

That cures the nocht* 
Thou chirriefs them that with the chyds, 
And banniefs them with thee abyds : 
Thou hes thy horn ay in thair fyds 

That cannot flie. 
Thay furder warft in thee confyds^ 

I fay for me. 

Quod Scott. 




jLjO quhat it is to lufe, 
Lerne ye that lift to prufe. 
Be me, I fay, that no ways may. 

The grund of greif remuve,. 
Bot ftill decay, both nycht and day ; 
Lo quhat it is to lufe. 

Lufe is ane fervent fyre, 
Kendillit without defy re, 
Schort plefour, lang difplefour ; 

Repentance is the hyre ; 
Ane pure treffour, withou^npefTour 4 
Lufe is ane fervent fyre. 

To lufe aud to be wyifs, 
^ To rege with gud advyifs ; 
Now thus, now than fo gois the game, 

Incertaine is the dyifs : 
Thair is no man, I fay, that can, 
Both lufe and to be wyifs. 

Fie alwayis frome the fnair, 
Lerne at me to beware ; 
It is ane pane and dowbill trane 

Of endlefs wo and cair ; 
For to refrane that denger plane. 
Fie alwayis frome the fnair. 

Quod Scott. 




IVETURNE the hamewart, hairt, agane. 
And byde quhair thou was wont tp be ; 
Thow art ane fule to fuffer pane, ... 
For luve of hir that luvis not the. 
Mj hairt, lat be fie fantefie, 
Luve nane bot as thay mak the caufe> 
And lat her feik ane hairt for th6 ; 
For feind a crum of the fcho fa wis. 

To quhat effefl: fould thou be thrall ? 
But thank fen thou hes thj^frc will ; 
My hairt be nocht fa belliall. 
But knaw quha dois the guid or ill, 
Remane with me, and tarry ftill. 
And fe quha play is bed their pawis, 
And lat fillok ga fling her fill ; 
For feind a crum of the fcho fawis. 

Thocht fcho be fair, I will not fenyie, 
Scho is the kind of utheris ma ; 
For quhy ? thair is a fellone menyie, 
That femis gud, and ar not fa. 
My hairt tak nowdir pane nor wa. 
For Meg, for Mcrjory, or yit.Mawis, 
Bot be thou glaid, and latt hir ga ; 
For feiiid a cram of the fcho fawis, 
/" IV. 

(ipEEN MART, I542— 1567. 175 

Becaus I find fcho tuk in ill. 
At her departing thow mak na cair ; 
Bot all bcgyld, go quhair fcho will, 
A fchrew the hairt that mane makis mair. 
My hairt be mirry lait and air. 
This is the fynall end and claufe ; 
And let her fallow ane filly fair. 
For feind a crum of the fcho fawis. 

Quod Alex. Scott. 

This poem ii ftrangely interpolated in the Evergreen. The bnrden, 
** For feind a crum of the fcho fawis," is literally^ D— a bit of thee 
befalU her ; i. e. (he has no (hare in thee. 

St. 4, 1. J, i* And let her fallow ane filly fair."*' Let her match her- 
fclf With a fair filly, here ufcd for a handfomc young mar, or fellow. 




C^UHAIR luv& is kendlit comfortles, 
Thair is no fever half fo fell ; 
Fra Cupid keift his dert be gefs^ 
I had na hap to faife mj fell. 
Ljrik as mj wofull hairt can tell, 
My inwart painis and iiching fair. 
For Weill I watt the painis of hell 
Onto my pane is nocht compair. 

For ony mellady ye ma ken. 
Except peuir luve or than ftark deid. 
Help may be had fra handis of men. 
Throw meddecyne to mak remeid. 
For harmis of body, hands, and heid. 
The pottingaris will purge the painis ; 
Bot all the membaris are at feid 
Quhan that the law of lufe remainis^ 


As Tantalus in water ftandis, 
To Itanche his thirfty appetyte, 
Bewaling body, heid, and handis, 
The revar flyis him in defpyte. 
So dois my lufty lady quhyte, 
Scho flyis the place quhair I repair j 
To hungry men is fmall dclyte 
To twich the meit, and eit na mair. 



^JJESW MAKtf I54I--I557. 177 


The nar the flanib, the hettar fyre ; 

The moir I pync, yit I pcrfew j 

The moir enkendills 1x17 defyre, 

Fra I behald her hevialy hew. 

Feuir Piramus hixa felfe he fleWf ^ 

Maid faul and body t6 deflkver ; 

He dyit hot anis, fkirwell, adew ! 

J. daylie de, and dyij never. 

Yit Jafone did injoy Medea, 
And Thefeus gat Adriane ; 
Dido diiTavit was with Enea. 
And Demophon his lady wan. 
Gif women.trowd fie traytours than 
For till enjoy the frutte of lufe, 
Quhy wald ye flay your faikles man, 
Quha myndis never to remufe ? 

The ferfs Achill, ane worthy knicht, 
Was'flane for luve, the futh to fay. 
Leander, in ane ftormy nicht, 
Dyit fleittand on the fludis gray. 
Trew Troyallus, he langerit ay. 

Still waitand for his luvis returne. 
Had nocht fie pyne, it was hot play. 

As daylie dois my body burne. 


As poill to pylattis dois appeir 

Moir brichtar than the Harris abowt. 

So dois your vifage fchyne als cleir 

As rofe amang the rafchell rowt. 

War Paris levand now, no dowt, 
And had the goldin ball to ferve, 
* ^^ait he wald fone waill you owt, 
•^^d leiflFbaith Venus and Minervc. 

Vol. III. Z VIII. 


VIII. < 

Now paper pafs and at her fpeir, 
Cif pleis hir prudence to imprent it. 
M7 faithful hairt I fend it heir^ 
In figne of paper I prefent it. 
Wald God my body vfar foment it. 
That I micht ferve hir grace but glammer | 
To be hir knaiff I axa contentit. 
Or fmaUeft vartet in her chammer. 

L* Envoy. 

The hairt did think, the hand did frem» 
The body fend to yow the fame. 

This poem is placed here an account of fome refemblance vrhich It 
bears to the produdions of Alexander Scot. Allan Ramfay afcribes it 
to King )ienry Stewart, but upon what authority is now unkaowO| 
there being no name to it in the Bann. MS. 

The whole of Scoxls pieces, excepting his " Ad^ref*' and " Jufiing^ 
being in. the amatory ftile which had fcarcely at all been attempted by 
any preceding Scottiih poet, it feemsmore than frobable that he was no 
ilrang^er to the galbnt fonnets and poems of Henry Ho¥rard, ^arl 
of Surrey, which were firft pnbliihed in 155 7, and ieveral times reprint-^ 
ed in the courfe of a few year?. 





r£ langour maids men licht^ 

.Or dolour tbame decoir. 
In eith thair is ;io wicht 

May me compair in gloir. 
4jrif cairfull thoftis reftoir 

My havy hairt frome forrow^ 
J am^ for evir moir. 

In joy, both evin and morroi?^ 

Crif plefer be to pance, 

- 1 pUynt me nocht oppreft^ 
Or abfence micht avance, 

My hairt is haill poiTeft : 
Gif want of »quiet reft, 

Tibm dairis micbt me convoy^ 
My mynd is nocht moUcft^ 

B6t evir iftoir in joy. 

'tliocht that I pance in pain^> 

In paffing to and fro^ 
I laubor all in vane. 

For fo hes mony mo, 
Tbat hes nocht fervit fo. 

In fcrtiiig of thair fweit. 
The nare the fyre I go. 

The gf ittar is my heit. 





The turtour for hir maik^ 

Mair dule may nocht indure ^ 
Nor I do fox hir faik, 

Evin hir quha hes in cure 
M7 hairt^ quilk fal be fure^ 

And fenrice to the deid. 
Unto that lady puze. 

The well of woaianheid, 

Schaw, fchedull, to that fueit. 

My pairt fo permanent^ 
That no mirth quhill we meit. 

Sail caufe me be content : 
Bot ftill my hairt lament. 

In forrowfull fiching foir^ 
Till tyme fcho be prefent, , 

Fairweill, I fay no moir*. 

Quoth King HfeimT Stewart. 

The fignatBre being in an ancient hand, ** I have Tentvred ((ayt Lord 
Hailes) to give this fong the title of Damltyt Bqllet" It 0197 be Ad- 
ded, that by far the greater part, if not the whole, of the Bannatyne MS. 
having been compiled within kfs than three years after the death ef - ^ 
Damley, there feems to be no room for entertaining any donbt with re- 
fpe^ to the author. The Bilhop of Winton, in his preface to the works 
of James the Sjith, mentions Lord Darnley as the tranilater of Valerias 
Maximus ; fo that he it not altogether deftitute of claim to a place a* 
nong^lScottini authors. 



(^By Balnevis.) 

V I. 

(3 GALL ANDls all, I cry and call, 

Keip ftrenth quhill that yow liave it ; 

Repent ye fall, quhen ye ar thrall, 

Fra tyme that dub be lavit. 

With watitoun youth, thocht ye be couth; 

With curage hie on loft, 

Suppois grit drouth is in your mouth, 

Bewar drink not ouer oft. 

Tak hot at lift, fuppois ye thrift,- 
Your mowth at lafer cule ; 
In mynd folift Weill to refift 
Langer leftis yeir not Yule. 
Thocht ye ryd foft, caft not ouer oft 
Your fpeir into the reift ; 
With ftuff uncoft fett upon loft, 
Aneuch is evin a feift. 

In luvis grace fuppoifs ye trace, 

Thinkand your fell abone, 

Ye may percaifs, caft dewifs efe. 

And fwa be lochit fone« 

Fra tyme ye ftank into the bank. 

And dry point puttis in play, 

Ye tyne the thank— man^ hald an© hank 

Or all be paft away, N^ 




Fra thow ryn towmef als I prefowme, 
Thow hes bajth ikaith atid ikorn 
^e to confowme^ with fire allowme^ 
That bourd may be forborne. 
For in that play,, gif I futh fey, 
Gud will is not allowit. 
Gif thow nocht niay, Ga way, ga way. 
Than art thow all forhowit. 

Cofiderance hes no luvance, 
Fra thow be bair thaif ben ; 
At that, Semlance is no plefance 
Quhen pithlefs is thy pen. 
Quhen thow hes done thy dett abone, 
Forfochin in the feild, ' 

Scho will fay fone. Get the ane fpone — 
Adew.baith fpeir and fcheild. 

Fra thow inliikis to lay on ftraikis, 
JFra hyne, my fone, adew I 
Than thy rowme vaik, ane uder taik. 
That folace to perfew. . 
Quhill branys are big abone to lig, 
Gud is in tyme to ceifs ; 
To tar and tig, fyne grace to thig. 
That is ane petoufs caifs, 

Thairfdr be war, hald the on far 
Sic chaif-wair for to pryifs ; 
To tig and tar, fyne get the war^ 
It is evill merchandyifs. 
Mak thow na vant our oft to hant 
In places dern tljair down, 
Fra tyme thow want, that fluff is ikant. 
To borrow in the town, 


i^££N MART, X542—X567. 183 


honor wynnis, into thatinn7$. 
*r fchutting at the fchellisf^ 
^ti 6{ your fchynnis the fubftance rynnis, 
^^7 8®^ ^o gainjell ellis. 
tijmc lat be, I counfal thd, 
fe not that offerand ftok ; 
lilien thay the fe, thay blere thair ee, 
^d mak at the ane mok. v , 

IX. ' 

^ocht thow, fuppoifs, haif ^t thy chpifs 
t'^id the for the nanis, 
^ip fluff in poifs, Tyne not thy hoifs, 
^5iir nocht all in that wanis. 
'^a tyme fcho fe undir thine ee, 
' He brawin away doun munti j, 
Chan game and gle ganis not for the, 
-Thow man lat be fie huntis. 

tra thow luk cheft, adew that feift, 
To hunt into that fchaw ; 
Quhen on that beifl at thy requeift. 
Thy kennettis will not kaw. 
Within that ftowp fra tyme thow fowp. 
And wirdis to be fweir. 
And mak a (lop quhen thay fuld hop, 
Adew the thriffil deir. 

Thalrfor albeid, thy hounds haif fpeid, 
To ryn our oft latt be ; 
la thy maifl neid, fum tyme but dreid, 
Thay will rebuilt be. 
Ouer oft to hound in unkowth ground, 
Thow ma tak up unbaittit ; 
Thairfoir had bound thocht fcho be found, 
Or dreid thy doggis be flaittit. 

Xll. V 





Scho is nocbt ill thsJL fittis flill, 

Perfewit in the fait ; ^ 

That beift fcho Avill gi£th6 thj fill, 

Quhill thow be evia chak-mait. 

Suppvois tbow renge our all the grange. 

And feik baith fyk and feuche. 

Still will fcho menge and mak it ftrcnge, 

And gif the evin aneuche. 

Than with avyifs, fuppois fcho ryifs, 
Laich under thy fute, 
Bot thow be wyifs, fcho will fuppryife 
Thy hounds, and thame rebute. 
In tyiue abyd, the feilds ar wyde, 
I counfal the, gude bruder, 
Evill is the gyde that faillis but tyde. 
Syne f aklefs is the ;uder« 

Huntaris, adew I gif ye perfew 
To hunt at every beift. 
Ye will it rew, thair is anew, 
Thairto haif ye no haift. 
With ane and ane. 
Ye "huntaris all and fum, 
Quhen beft is play, pafs hamc away. 
Or dreid war eftir cum. 

Quod Balnevis. 

It is not altogether improbable that thi« may be Henry Bilnavis, the> 
friend of Sir David Lindfay, and one cf the moft adive promoters of 
the reformation. At different periods of this reign, he filled the offices 
cf Qneen's Advocate, Juflice Clerk, and Lord of Seifion. M'Kenzie 
fays ke wrote a Catechifm and Confcflion of Faith, which perhaps 
may be that which we find in vcifc at the beginning of the Book of 
Godlic BaL'ats. 





Tie, - clair ye bapks of He - li-con, Par- 



naiTas hill, smd daills ilk on. And 


fountain Ca - bell - eia, 


■ I ■ ■■ I —» i^M— ■ I ■' ■ I I II I ■■ ^ I I t Illlllil W I JK— — i. I 1 — ■■ II I | l « 

o - ny of your Miifes allj Or 

« -^ ^ I *■■ ■ I 1^ ■ ■» I ■ I JL,^— w— I j 1^1 II wr*^ I ii« 

nymphis may be pe -. re - gall Un .- 
Vol. III. A a 

1 86 



my la - dj fchein. 


if the Ladeis that did lave Thair 


bodies b^ your brim. So feim - lie 

wer or yet fo fuave So beautiful ^t 

g^^p ^s^i^^i^^i 

trim. Con - tern - pill ex - em - f>ill Tak 


be her proper port^ Gif o - nie 


bo- nie, Amang you did re - foit. 



No, no. Forfuith wes never none 

That, with this perfe6l paragon. 

In bewtie micht compair. ; 

iThe Mufes wald have gevin the grijt 

To her, as to the A per fe^ 

And peirles perle preclair. 

Thinking with admiration^ 

Hir perfone fo perfyte. 

JS^ature, in hir creatioun^^ 

To forme hir tuik delyte. 

Cbnfes then, ezpres then, 

Tour nymphes, "and all thair race^ 

Fpr bewtie, of dewtie 

Soiild yeild, .and give hir place. 

Apelles, quha did fadccoir 
I>ame Venus' face and breift befoir, 
"With colours exquifeit ; . 

That nane micht be compair'd thairtill i 
Nor yit na painter -had the ikill 
The bodye to compleit : 
War he this lyvelie goddes' grace^ 
And bewtie, to behauld. 
Me wald confes his craft and face 
Surpaft a thoufand fauld. 
Nor abill, in tabill 
With colours competent^ 
So quiklie, or liklie, 
A former to reprefent. 

Or had my ladye bene alyve 
Quhen the thrie goddeffis did ftryv^e. 
And F^aris wes made judge ; 
#ils Heiene, Menelaus' m»ik, 
xb^ ne'er caus'd king Pmmu^' wtaik $ 

1^8 ciiROKicLE OF Sottish paslfAf. 

In Troy nor had refudge. 

For ather foho the ptyis had wone, 

As Weill of womanheid ; 

Or els with Paris, Priam's fone. 

Had gone in Helen's fteid. 

Eftemed, and demed. 

Of colour twjis fo cleir : 

Far fuetar, and metar 

To have bein Paris' f^ir. 

As Phebus' trefs hir hair and breeis j 
With angel hew, and criftall eeis ; 
And toung mod elo^Uenft. 
Hir teithe as perle in curall fet ; ' 
Hir lips, and cheikis, pumice fret ; 
As rofe maift redolent. 
With jvoire nek, and pom^s round,- 
And comelie int'erirali. 
Hir lillie lyire fo foft and found ; 
And proper memberis all, 
Bayth brichter, and ticfeter, 
I'hen marbre poleift clein ; 
Perfyter, arid quhyter^ 
Than Venus, luifis quein. 


Hir angell voice in melodic 

Dbis pafs the hevinlie harmonic. 

And Siren's fong moft fueit. 

For to behauld hir countenance, 

Hir gudelie grace, and governance. 

It is a joy compleit. 

Sa wittie, verteous, and wyis ; 
^ And prudent bot compair* 
V Without all wickednes and vyce : 

Maift douce and debonair. 

In veflure^ and gefture, 

<JJEEN MART, Ij44 — ^15^7^ ^ *% 

ift feimlie, and modeft. 
til wourdis, and bourdid^ 
folace the oppreft. . 


^ thing thair is in hir it all 

^at is not fupernaturall, 

^ift proper and perfyte. 

^ frefche, fo fragrant, and fo faii*| 

s Dees, and danxe Bewties air, 

nd dochter of Deljte. 

i^ith qualeteis, and forme, divinr; 

e nature fo decoird^ 

iS goddes of all feminine 

►f men to be adoird, 

a bliffed that wiffed 

cho is in all mens' thocht, 

iS rareft, and faireft, 

'hat ever Nature wrocht. 

Iir luiks, as Titan radiant, 
Vald pers ane hairt of adamant, 
^nd it to love allear. 
iir birning beawtie dois embrayis 
ily breift, and all my mind amayis ; 
Vnd bodye haill combuire. 
: have no fchift hot to refing 1 

Wl power in hir handis ; 
\.nd willinglie my hairt to brings 
To bind it in hir bandis. ^ 
To langwis in angwis, 
ioir woundit, and oppreft : 
Porleitit, or treitit, 
As fcho fall think it beft, 

1 houp fa peirles pulchritude 
Will not be voyde of manfuetitd ; 



Nor cruellie be bent. 
&Bi, ladje, for thy courtejie. 
Have pitie on my miferie i 
And lat me not be fchent ! 


Quhat prayis have ye to be fwcir^ 
Or crewellie to kill 
Vour woful woundit prifoneir. 
All youldin in your will ? 
All preifingy but ceifing,- 
Maift humlie for to ferve. 
Then pruif me, and luif me 
As deidis fall deferve. 

And, gif ye find diffait in me. 
Or ony quent confait in me 
Your bontie till abufe. 
My dowbill deling be difdame 
Acquyt, and pay me hame againe j 
And flatlie me refuife. 
Bot fen 1 mein finceritit. 
And trew luif from my hairt *, 
To quyt me with aufleritie 
Forfuith war not your pairt. 
Or trap me, or wrap me 
Maift wrangfullie in wo ; 
Eorfaiking, and wraiking 
Your fervand, as your fo. 

Alace ! let not trew amitie 
Be quyt with fo greit creweltie ; 
Nor fervice be difdaine ! 
Bot rather, hairt, be reuthfull. 
And ye fall find me treuthfull, 
Cpnftant, fecreit, and plaine. 
In forrow lat me not confome. 
Nor langer dolour drie, 


<^jnE:EN; Mart, 1541— 1567. t^t 

»t: fuddanlie pronounce the dome^ 

^ I fall Icif, or die. 
*^fc^at having my craving, 
^irthfull I may remaine ; 
^^ fpeid fone the deid fone^ 
A.od put me out of paine* 

K- ■ ■ , - 

TBefe m«fical notes are pf'inted from a little book in MS. of an anr 

(lent hand, bearing the date of 1639, ^°^ confiding of air», fongs, pa. 

venes, Scottifli pfaims, &c. in the pofleifion of Mr Campbell, aiuhor 

of the hiftory of Scottiih Poetry. Near the beginning of the Banna. 

tyoe MS. is a pious poem '* On the Creation^'* by Sir Richard Maic 

land, 4irc6led to be fung <* to the tone of the Bankis of Hdicone," 

which therefore can fcarcely be of later date than betiyreen 1550 and 

ij6o, and on that account alone, independent of its intriniic merit, is 

an objoft of fome curiofity. It appears^ as naturally may be fuppofed, 

to have been a favourjte melody among the learned, but probably wa^ 

never much known among the vulgar, to whom the words mull have 

appeared incoraprehenfible, and of courfe the mu0c ufclefs. To this 

ipircumftance alfo mull be afcribed its (iokiog into an obfolete ftate ia 

lefs than a century, while yo/m cum kifs me now, Toull never be like my 

ffftld gudeman^ Cauid and raiVf Gramacbree, LonJu dtnvn ia the broopt^ Robin^s 

Joi^ and others, beyond a doubt, of higher antiquity, have conftantlj 

maintained their ground dovn to the prtfent day. No other liberty 

has been taken with the Air, excepting to fupply it with bars, and to 

print it in clofs inftead of open notes, to prevent inattentive readers 

from pronouncing it to be ** a incre drawl.** 

The poem is from Mr Pinkerton's *« Maitland Colledion," and 
probably may be an early compofition of Montgomery, author of the 
Cherry and Slae, to be taken notice of in due time. Such an uncommon 
meafure required a ikilful mufician to compofe an appropriated air ;— 
and the taik feems to have been executed with fuccefs, other wife we 
ihould not have found new words to the faYne tune fo early as 1368 ; 
as alfo various other compofitions within twenty years afterwards."— > 
There is do probability, therefore, that a new or different *• Banks of 
ficlicotk** was cpfnpofed before 1639. 


From t^' - iNN, \iS.* 

\J LUSTY May, with Flora quenc ! 

Qu ho Is baloij clrapis frome Phebus fchene| 

Prclucla-od beiines befoir the day ; 

Be th^ Diana growis grene, 

Thruch glaidnefs of this lufty Msiy* 

Than Efperus, that is fo bricht 
Till wofuU hairtis^ cads his lycht 
On bankis and blumeg on every brae ; 
And fchuris ar fched furth of that ficht^ 
Thruch glaidnefs of this lufty May, 

Birdis on bowis of every birth, 

With rewfing nottis makand thair mirth. 

Rieht plefandly upon the fpray 

With fluriffingis, our feild and firth, 

Thruch glaidneG of this l\xi\j May. 

All luvaris that are in cair, * 

To tliair ladels than do repair 
In frefch mornyngis befoir the day, 
And ar in mirth ay mair and mair, 
Thruch glaidnefs of this lufty May. 

Of everie moneth irf the yeir 
To mirtiifull May thair is no peir, 
Hir gliftrin garments ar fo gay. 
You lovaris all mak merie cheir, 
Thruch glaidnefs of this luftie May. 


* Compared with the copv in Forbss*s Song boch 1666. It is n^^"" 
lioned, iu the CotJiphiini cf Sccthnd ISA9' 

From the BanH. y&L 


x5e glaid al ye that luvaris bene. 
For now hes May depaynt with grene 
The hillis, valis, and the medid \ 
And flourls haftily upfpredis. 
Awalk out of your fluggardy^ 
'To heir the bifdi^ melody ; 

Quhois faggourit nottis loud and cleir,' 
Is now ane parradife to heir. 
Go walk upon fum revir fair ; 
Go tak the ffefh and holfum air ^ 
Go luke upon the flurift fell ; 
Go fell the herbis pleafand fmell ; 

Quhilk will your comfort gar incres. 
And all avoid your haTincfs. 
The new cled put pour hevin efpy, 
Behald the lark now in the Iky, 
With befy wyng fcho Ctowrs) on hicht, 
For grit joy of the dayis licht. 

Behald the verdour frefli of hew, 
Powdderit with grene, quhyt, and blew, 
Qtthair with^ dame Flora, in this May, 
Dois richely all the feild array ; 
And how Aurore, with vifage pale, 
Inbalmis with her criftall hale. 

Vol. ill. Bb - T- 


V. ^ 

The grcne and tender pylis ying. 
Of every grefs that dois upfpring ^ 
And with berall dr&ppis bHchtf^ 
Makis the graiEs gleme of licht ; 
Luk on the purple firmament^ 
And oh the enammellit orients 

Luk on Phebus put up his held. 
As he dois raifs his bsmeris reid. 
He dois the eift fo bricht attyre^ 
That all felmis birning in a fyre, 
Quilk comfort dois to every thing, 
Man, bird, beift| and fluriffing. 


Quhairfor luvaris be glaid and licht. 
For fhortened is your havy nycht. 
And lenthit is your mirry day. 
Thairfor ye welcum now this May, 
And bridis da your haiU plefance 
With niirry fong and obfervance, 

This May to welcum at your mychf. 
At freih Phebus upryiing bricht ; . 
And all ya flowris that do^s fpred. 
Lay furth your levis upon breid. 
And welcum May with bemys cheir> 
The queue of every moneth cleir, 

And every man thank in his mynd 
The God of natur and of kynd, 
Quilk ordaint all for our behufe. 
The erd under, the air abufe ; 
Bird, beift, flour, tyme, day, and nyf^ht^ 
With planets haiU to gif U9 litlH» 





irdottn, on Blak-money day, 
all was gadderit to the Flaj, 
aen and wemen femblit thair^ 
me fweit ane fich and faj 
rth marjage for evermair ! 

\, jc may have grit plefance 
lo Venus obfervance, 
[ inqlufit be with cair, 
iar nother fing nor dance, 
rth marjage for evermair ! - 

that I was ane madein ying^ 
wald I dance and fing^ 
»rt and play» bayth lait and aif. 
ir I nocht luijs: to fie thing, 
rth maryage for evermair I 

n I bunden out of blis^ 
e churle fays I am his, 
iar nocht luik our the ftair, 
to gif Schir Johne ane kifs. 
rth maryage for evermair ! 

ar I ane madin, as I was,- 
: me lady of the Bas » ■ ■ 
>ch that I wcr never fp fair, 
din fuld I never pas. 
rth maryage for cvinjxair ! 




TtivLS am I thirlit onto ane fchrew, 
Quhilk dow nothing of chalnter fSesw ; 
Of boure-bourding bajth baik and bair* 
God wayt gif I have caos to rew I 
y/'g, worth maryage for evermair ! 

All nicht I clatter upon mj creid^ 
Prayand to God gif I wer deid i- 
Or ellis out of this world be wair ^ 
Then fuld I fe for fum remeid. 
Wa worth mary age for evennair ! 

Ye fuld heir tell, and he war gane. 
That I fuld be ane wantoun ane» 
To leir the law of Luffis layr 
In our toun lyk me fvdd be nane* 
Wa worth maryage for evermair I 

I fuld put on my ruflet gowne. 

My reid kirtill, my hois of brown i 

And lat thame fe my yallow hair,, 

Undir my curch6 hingaod down* 

Wa worth maryage for evermair* 


LufFaris bayth fuld heir and fe 
' I fuld luif thame that wald luif me* 

Thair harts for me fold never be iair.r^ 
' Bot ay unweddit fuld I be. 

Wa worth maryage for evermair ! 

Quod Clappertou^. 

*• Blak.mooey day,*' that is, "aflnualrent day,** is here fubfiitul 
fot " Blak Monunday/* 'io Mr Pi»kert4>n*s edition. I'he inhabitai 
of Bowden probably paid Black-mail to their LLege-lordt Ksr of Hal 
deO| or Ccisford, See fomc farther rcmaiksfubjoiricd to the next arti< 


0on cnrr i wer utet^o how. 

Under ane brekkln bank an hie 
I hard ane heynd cheild mak his mane i 
He ficht, and faid richt drer^Ue, 
Evil is the wyf that I have tane ! 
Forthy to yow I mak my mane^ 
Ye tak gud tent quhair that ye wow* 
Thoch it is fcant ane twelf-month gane- 
God gif I wer wedo now ! 

War I ane wedo, forouttin weir. 
Full Weill I culd luik me aboute 
In all this land, bayth far and neir ; 
Of wyfing I fuld have na doute. 
Upon my hip I have ane clout, 
Quhilk is nocht plefand for my proW* 
Quben fcho is in, I am thairout* 
God gif I wer wedo now ! 

Quhen fcho is in, I am thai rout. 
Scho lift, nocht at my layr to leyr : 
Jn all this land, forouttin dout. 
Of fturtfumnes fcho hes no peir. 
Sfcho garris me fay with fempill cheir 
That 1 have nother corne nor kow. 
I mak my mane, as ye ma heir, 
(jpd gif X wer wedo now ! 


19? eH&oKxcu or s^ptti^^ fpvt$,j. 


9cho luikis dotm oft, Ijk ane foWy 
An4 will nocht fpeik quhen I cum in | 
I fpal^ ane woufde, nocl^t for rny prow. 
To ding her weill it war na fyn. 
Syne on hir fut (up) pputb fcho wjn ; 
And to the rude fcho maid ane voWf 
« For I faU hit thy fpindiU fchyn,»~ 
God gif I wer wedo now ! 

^ V. 
With that fcho raucht me fie ane roUt 
Quhill to the erde fchp gart me leyn^ 
Suppois my lyf wes oft in dout^ 
Hir malice t culd nocht refrein. 
Soho gars me murne, I bid nocht feyiit 
And with fair ftraiks fcho gars me fow« 
Thus am I cummerit with ane quenct 
God gif I wer wedo now ! 

Tn the Maitland Folio MS. this- poem or fong immediately fucceedf 
Wa fVortb Maryagff, to w|iicb it feems intended as a coimter part, and 
therefore may perhaps be another compoiition of Clappirtqn. Of 
the author no particulars are known ; bvt vre may conjecture that he 
belonged to the county of Roxburgh, from his mentioning the village 
of Bowdean as the fcene. of pecn^ar merriment aad gayety, which 
d^ubtlcfs it was upon particular occafions, fo long as the powerful Ker of 
Opfsford (now of Roxburgh) reGded chiefly at his magnificent feat o^ 
Halieden, in its immediate vicinity. The caftle or tower, fifuated in 
the center of a deer park of 500 acres, appears to have been built ii) 
I5|0, from the following infcription on a lintel : 

Fecr Qod, 

Fie from fin, 

Mak to the lyf 

- To the etid. 

Dem libel Ker, 1530. 
This dame Ifbel Ker was the grandmother of the firll Earl of Roi- 
bnrgh-; herfelf alfo a Iter of the family of Fernie.hirft. It is a little 
fingular that her name Oiould appear in the infcription without that of. 
her hufband, .Sir Walter; to whoqi flie then but lately had been marri- 
ed, 9nd who lived till about T584. The burying place of the Roxburgh 
i^ro^ly is fiill at Bowdcn-kirk. 


^roxoMr Pinkerton's edition of the Mditx^AKP Poe;n^4 

\joD, as Aow weiircan^ 
Help the flie court-man f 
His banes maj I fair ban 
Firft lemt me to rydfe. 

Thre brether wcr we. 
All borne of ane cuntr^ ^ 
The hardeft fortoun fell tsofi. 
Grit God be my gyde ! 

The eldeft brother was na fule, 
Quhen he was young yeid to the fcule^i 
And now he littis on ane ftule, 
Ane prelot of pryde. 

My fecund brother bure the pak, 
Ane lytil quhyle upon his bak ; 
Now he hes gold and warld's wrak, 
Lyand him befyde. 

How mon I to the court fayr, , -^ \\ 

Baith thriftlefs and threid-bai^ : 
Quhaircvir I found, or I fayr 
la barrat to byde« 

All men makis me debait, 
4(for heirifchip of horfmeit ; 
Fra I be femblit on my feit. 
The out-horne is cryde. 

Xbay rais me all with ane rout, 
A^d chafis me the toun about \ 
And cryis all with ane fchout, 
^ O traytor full tryde V 





Quhen I have ridden aH day. 
He wer wyfc that <kn fay, 
Gif the court-man weil Izj ; 
Na, na, be Sand Bryde. 

At nicht IS fome gaine, — 

This is our auld a rayne ;-^ 

I am maift.wilfum of wane, r '^ ' 

Within this warld wyde. ^- * ^ 

Now man I the court fle, i, 

For fait of meit^ and na fe j 
, With na mair gude na ye fe, 
Upon this gald glyde. 

Syn, but devotioun, furth fair. 
And fenye me ane Fardonair, 
With bag, and burdone full bayr. 
To beg, and nocht hy4c, . v 

Now in my mind me remordis. 
As the court- man recordis. 
All my lippining upon'lordls 
Is layd me befyde. 

Man, thow fe for thyfelf ;' 
And purches the fum pelf. , 

X.eyd not thy lyfe lyke ane elfe. 
That our feild can flyde.' 


• I 

■fc. * V 


The laft (lanza, favc two, is fufSdent evidence thr.t thtpoim W«t| 
written before the Reformation. Tfic trade of felling pardons prob»^ 
bly n<jver was lucrative ia Scotland after repeated clhibitions oi Sir 

DaVid Lindfay's Play. r 



From th^ Bann. MS, 


le thocht^ t^is biQd^E Qjfcht, 
and ane madiQ }>ricbt, 

halmer f^ft tbwe fgcd* 
ithir erdly ^icbt, 

mak the la^idis l)^. 

tit the bed wes reddj maldj 
her in bis armes, and faid, 
iroar fchankels latt me fched^ 
t mjne, and dierein laidf 
irft fpill the lairdis bed, 

, III. 
9 hand in at hir Ipair, 
lit downwarty ye wait qubair, 
this mounth wald fane be fed ^ 
and bis hairt was fair, 

not fpill the lairdis bed. 

le bed it war a pane, 
the laird wald not be fane 
towtit and ourtred. 

I fall mak it agane^ 
aid fpill the lairdis bed. 


joxx in fum place quhair 
cht fpeiky and no thing fpair; 

je ma haif me un-led^ 

war ane mjill and mair^ 
' to fpill the lairdis bed^ 
I. Co ' VI. 





Yit T wald thraw jow down, he fayls^ 
Wer not for fyling of your clajis. 
Quhat reky quo fcho, t am weill cled ? 
Ye ar our red for windil ftrayis, 
That dar not fpill the lairdis bed. 

Thair wes na bouk Intill hi|» breyk ; 
His doingis wes not wirth a leik. 
Fy on him, fowmart ! bow is he fled^ 
And left the maidin fwowning feik. 
And durll not fpill the lairdis bed. 


<. •; 


From the BaMk. MS* 

An Sommer quhen floiiris fweitt foKJllji 
As I fure ouir feild and fell. 
Alone I wanderit by ane weU 

, On Weddinfday, 
I met a cleir>under si kell, 

A weil-fard maj. 
Scho had ane hat upon hir heid. 
Of claver cleir, baith quhyte and reid^ 
With cat-lukis ftrynklit in that fteid. 

And fynkill grein. 
W^it ye Weill to weir that weid, 

Wald weil hir feim. 


Ane pair of beids about hir throt, 
Ane agnus Dei with nobill not, 
Jyngland weill with monj joitt. 

War hingand doun. 
It was full ill to ^nd ane naoitt 

Upon hir goiin. 
Als fone as I that fchene cuth Uf 
I halfit hir with hart maift fre,— 
I luve yow weill, and nocht to le, 

Wald ye me lane-*- 
<* Out bay !" quod fcho, <* Aly joy lat be j 

•* Ye fpeik in vane. 


~ 5 


'^ Qulrat is the thiog that ye wald haif i** 
Nathing bot a kjfs I cimif. 
As I that lafis jow owr the lair, 

Wald ye ihle tthv^i 
** Gif that yow may of forrow (aif, 

*' Cum tak it now." 
Hian kiffit I hir anis or twyifs. 
And fcho gan gruhtill as a gryiiis ; 
** Allace ! quo fcho, I am uhwyiiTs 

<< That is (a ineit- 
** Tifs lyk that yt had ritch pyife, 

'* Ye ar fa fi;^it. 

*' My hatt is yours of proper dett :'^ " 

And on my heid fcho couth it lett. 
Than in my arniis I did hir plett, 

Ahd fcho to tferaw* 
Allace ! quo fcho, ye gar me fwett. 

Ye wirk fa flaw. 


Than doun we fell bayth in feir. 

^' Allace ! quo fcho, that I cam heir : 

** I trow this labowr I may yow leir, 

** Thocht I be yung. 
« Tit I feir I fall by fidl deir 

•' Your fweit kyfling.^' 
Than to ly ftill fcho wald nocht blin. 
" Allace ."' quod fcho, ^* my awin fweit thing,. 
* Your courtly foedding garris me fling, 

'* Ye wink fa weill ^ 
** I fall yow cuver quhen that ye cling ; 

*' Sa haif i feiU. 

«ins£K liiAitty X54*— 15^7. ^<*| 

^^ Sea je (lammer not for my ikyppis^ 
*• Bot bald, your taikill be my bippis^ 
*• I byd a quhaffil of your qubippis. 

*« Tbocht it be mirki 
** Bot an ye will I fcbrcw the lippis, 

" That fyrft fall irk.'* 


Als fone as we our deid had done, 
Scho reifs fone up and afldt bir fcbone, 
Als tyrit as fcbo bad wefcbin a fpone. 

To y6w i fay^ 
tbis aventiir anis tb me come 

On Weddinfday* 

There is fomething in the manner of this and the preceding poem 
that inclines one c6 sicribe them to the author of "^ Wa worth nU* 
»yage>" page 195. I obferve that a brother of Sir Walter Ker of Ccf»- 
ford was, at this time, abbot of lltelfo : Probably Clapperton might bc« 
long to the fan^e Monaftery ; or to that of Meltofc, within three mllci^ 
to the north of Bowdf n. 


From the Bann. MS. 


JTANSING In hairt, with fpreit opprerfy 

This hinderriycht bygon,' 
My corps for walking wes molefi. 

For lufe only of on. 
AUace ! quhome to fuld I mak mon^ 
Sen this come to lait : 

Cauld cauld culis the lufe 
That kendiUs ou'r het. 

Hir bewty; and hit ma ikies maiky 

Dois reif my fpreit me fro, 

And cauffis me no reft to tak, 

Bot tumbling to and fro. 

My curage than is hence ago. 

Sen I may nocht hir gett ; 

Cauld cauld culis the lufe 

That kendills ou'r het. 

II r. 

Hir firft to lufe quhen I began, 

\ troud fcho liivit me ; 
Bot I, allace ! wes nocht the many 

That beft pleifit her e : 
Thairfoir will I let dolour be, 
» And gang ane uthir gett : 
Cauld cauld culis the lufe 
That kendills ou'r het. 



<(t9UH MART, I54<«-Z5^7* tof 


Fsrft quhen I kefl my fantefj, 

Thair fermlj did I ftaod, 
^nd howpit weQl that fcho fold be 

All haill at my command ; 
Bot fuddanlj fcho did ganeftand. 
And contrair maid debait : 
Cauld cauld culis the Infe 
That kendills ou^r het. 

Bir proper makdome fo perfyt, 

Hir vifage cleir of hew j 
Scho raiffis on me fie appetjte. 

And cauffis me hir perfew. 
^Ulace ! fcho will nocht on me rew. 
Nor gr6 with rojne eftait : 
Caald cauld culis the lufe 
That kendills ou'r het. 

Sen fcho hes left me in diftrefs^ 

In dolour and in cair, 
Without I- get fum uthir grace^ 

My lyfe will left no mair ; 
Scho is ou'r proper, trym, and fair, 
Ane trew hairt to ourfett : 
Cauld cauld culis the lufe 
That kendills ou'r het. 

Suld I ly doun in havinefs, 

I think it is bot vane, 
I will get up with mirrinefs^^ 
And cheifs als gud againe ; 
For I will maik to yow. in plane, 
My hairt it is ourfett : 
Cauld cauld culis the lufe 
That kendills ou*r het. 


- -»'<^ 

$0% CHRONICUC pr ii^OTftm fOMXttHf. 


No, no, I will nocht trow as jet. 

That fcho will leif me fo> 
Nor yit that fcho will (b^oge QT &%, 
As thoch fcho be my fo. ' 

Thairfoir will I lat do}oiir gP» 
And gang ane uthir gait : 
Cauld cauld culis the lufir 
That kendilU ou*r hcti^ 

<»< i ' 

la the ** Complaint of Scotland, X549»'* '^*^ different foQgf of 7%e 
^rtpm fecm to be mentioned. One of them probably vrz%Lcwd9wi itf 
fit br§om^ to which air the mcafore of this Lammi appears to corrcf* 
pond with peculiar exadnefs. In Mr J^inkertao'a lift, the i^iame ia bj 
|iii(>akc Btlhj mftead of ffih^% o( whop no otber |noi»mei|C np^' ror 

' i 


2 Mr Pinkerton's edition of the M ait* P^ems. 


ladyes bewtie to declair 

rejois to tell -; 

an thai ar young, men think tham fair, 

luftie lyk to fell; 

f do appeir for to excel!, 

rounderous moy thai mak it, , 

t, fii^it is thair be wis, 

^Juliil thay be contraftit, 


an thai have thair virginitie, 

f feim to be ane fanft ; ^ 

I as thay knew divinitie. 

Jropertie thai want. 

a fwers thame trew, and feims conftant,; 

jtrefts in all thay fay, 
', fune. he is begylit, 
Hchtlied for ay. ; 

\dam, our progenitour 
crcat be the Lord, 
v'd his wickit paramour, 
I confal'd him difcord ; 
ladfing him for to accord 

the deil-s report ; 
f dull dreis the man 

trefis into that fort. 
OL. III. D d IV. 



Bot thair is monj Adams no\y 

And evir in this land ; 

Sig beftlie men fubje&it boyr, 

Aj redie at command ; 

Quhateir thair wjfes dois thame demand, 

Thay wirk it manj wayis ; 

Ay fraydant at the man, 

Quhil thay bring him our ftayis. 


Our lords ar fo degenefat, 

Syn ladeis tuke fic fter, 

Thay fpend thair rents upon thair weid^ ; 

And baneift hes gud cbeir. 

Thair goldfmyth wark it gois fo deir. 

To counterfit grit princis ; 

Lords, your ladye^wyfes, but weir. 

Put yow to grit expencis. 

Thair belts, thair broches, and thair rings, 
Mak biggings bair at hame ; ^ 

Thair hudes, thair chymours, thair gamyfings, 
For to agment thair fame. 
Scho fall thairfoir be calt Madame ^ 
Botand the laird maid Knycht, 
Grit, grit is thair grace, 
Howbeit thair rents be flicht. 

The lairds that drank guid wyn, and ale, 
Ar now faine to drink fmattis ; 
Thay top the beir, and cheips the meil. 
The ladie fawis the aittis. 
The jakmen and the laird debaitis ; 
Difhonorit is thair name. 
Fy, fy on thame all. 
For thai regard no fchame. 


<^EElt MARY, 1342*— 1567. ^IX 


Scho fajis^ an the laird had men^ 
That he wald wodfet land, "^ 

Quhilk waiftit i§ by hir wemen. 
Mahoun refave that baiid ! . . 

'For thay will waift mair under hand^ 
Nor qiihat us weil ftaik may^ 
Ladyes and lairds, gar hound your dogs^ 
And hoy the queins away. 

. IX. 
Sen hunger now gois up and down> 
And na gud for the jakncien ; 
The lairds and ladyes ryde of the tounj 
For feir of hungerie baJ&meQ* 
The ladyes at the yet idois ihack thame. 
Regarding tio remeid. ^ 

Short, ihort be thair lyvis ; 
And doleful be thair deid^ 

^. 1. 1. 4. « — to feU** is probably tncorrea, bat no preferable read- 
iDg feem&iufficiently obvious to warrant an alteration. 

St. 9. 1. 5. <* —ihack thame,"* i. c. chack or check them. About this 
iime the great Land-holders began to difpenfe with the attendance of *, or armed men on horfe^back; and the Ifadies to employ a 
greater number of female fervants. Upon this circumftance a greac 
part of the fbng feems to turn. 4 



By FiiEWtiirG. 



E mirrj, bretherene, ane and all. 

And fett all ftui^t 6tL fyd ; 
And every anc togidder cill^ 

To God to be out gyd : 
For-als lang lei vis the m^itry mtni 
As dois the wrech, for oeht he cat ; 
Quhen deid him ftreks, he wait notht ^han/ 

And chair gis him t6 byd. 


The riche than fall nocht fparit be, 

Thocht thay haif gold and land, 
Nor yit the fair, for thair bewty. 

Can iiocht that chaitge ganeftand : 
Thocht wieht or waik wald fle away, 
No dowt bot all mon ranfone pay ; 
Quhat place, or quhair, can no tnsiii fay, 

fie fie, or yit be land. 

Quhairfoir my counfaill, brethir, is. 

That we togidder fing, 
-And all to loif that Lord of blifs. 

That is of hevynis King : 
Quha knawis the fecreit thochts and dowt?, 
Of all our hairtis round about ; 
And he quha thinks him nevir fo flout; 

Mone thoill that puniffing. 


<UJEEN MARt, IJ41— 1 567. il| 

Quhat man but ftryf, in all his Ijfe, 

Doith teft moir of deids pane ; 
Nor dois the man quhilk on the fie 

His leving feiks to gane ; 
For quhen diflrefs dois him opprefs, 
Than to the Lord fdt hi^ tedref^, 
Quha gaif command for all exptefs 

To call, and nocht fefrane. 


The myrrjeft mart that leivis on lyfe, 

He failis on the fie ; 
For he knawis nowdir flurt nor firyfe, 

Bot bijth and miriry Be : 
Bot he that hes ane evill wyft, 
Hes flurt and forrow all his lyfe ; 
And that man quilk leivis ay in fttyfe, 

How can he mirry be ? 


Ane evill wyfe is the werft aucht. 

That ony man can half; 
For he may nevir fit in faucht, 

Onlefs he be hir fklaif : 
Bot of that fort I knaw nane uder. 
But owthir a kukald, or his bruder 5 
Fondlars and kukald s all tbgiddcr, 

May wifs thair wyfis in graif. 


Becaus thait wyfis hes maiftery, 

That thay dar nawayis chcip, 
Bot gif it be in privity, 

Quhan thair wyfis ar on fleip : 
Ane mirry in thair cumpany, 
Wer to thame worth baith gold and fie ; 
Ane menft^rall could nocht bocht be, 

Thair mirth gif he could beic. 





Bot of that fort quilk I report^ 

I knaw nane in this ring ; 
Bot we may all, baith grit and finally 

Glaidlj baith dance and fing : 
Quha lift nocht heir to mak gud cheir^ 
Perchance his guds ane uthir yeir 
Be fpent, quhen he is brocht to beir^ 

Quhen his wyfe taks the fling. 

It hes bene fenc, that wyfe wemen^ 

Eftir thair hufbands d(:id, 
Hes gottin men, hes gart thame ken^ 

Gif thay mycht beir grit laid. 
With ane grene fling, hes gart thame bring. 
The geir quhilk won wes be ane dring ; 
And fyne gart all the bairnis fing 

Ramukloch in thair bed. 

Than wid fcho fay, AUace ! this day. 

For him that wan this geir ; 
Quhen I him had, I ikairfly faid. 

My hairt anis mak gud cheir. 
Or I had lettin him fpend a plak, ^ 

J lever haif wittin him brokin his bak^ 
Or ellis his craig had gottm a crak 

Our the heicht of the fl:air. 

Ye neigartis, then example tak^ 

And leir to fpend your awin ; 
And with gud freynds ay mirry^mak. 

That it may be weill knawin. 
That thow art he quha wan this geir : 
And for thy wyfe fc thou nocht fpair. 
With gud freynds ay to mak repair, 

Thy honefly may be fliawin. 


^££N MART, I542— I5j67, ^^5 


finis, quoth ly qiiha fettis nocht by. 

The i^ wyffis of this toi;n> 
Thocht for difpyt, with me wald flyt, 

Gif thaj micht put me doun. 
Gif ye wald knaw quha maid this fi^ng, 
Quhiddir ye will him held or hang, 
Flemyngis his name quhair evir he gang, ^ 

Xn place, or in quhat toun^ 


St. T. L 8. " And chairgis him to byd." This is a Uw phrafe, and 
is nearly fynonymoos with the ]E^ngli(h phrafe, " arrcfts him." A 
charge is an order iflued in the name of the Sovereign, and intimated 
CO the party by fome one legally authorifed to that efTedt. 

Every, reader will perceive a want of connexion in this poem : The 
firft and fecond flanzas contain moral reflexions on the certainty of 
death ; the third is a religious inference ; the fourth mentions the dan- 
gers attending the profe0ion of a failor ; the fifth infenfibl j Aides into 
an invedive on froward wives ; ahd this fubjed^ is carried on through 
' the reft of the poem, with fomc wit, and much acrimony of expreilion. 

St. 7. 1.5. « Ane mirry in thair cumpany," &c. The meaning is, 
to fuch hen-pecked hufbands a chearful companion would be a moO: 
valuable acquifition. A mufician that could keep them in tune, would 
be worth any money. 

St. 9. 1. 5. " With ane grcne fling." Probably fting, a ilender hazzls 
ftick new cnt, for the purpofe of giving mgdcfatc curreAion to a wife. 
This was a power which our rude legiflacurc in former times commit- 
ted to hufbands. 


aKE DKiC^]' riOV\' OF fr'^DER COFF£J§* 

X 1 M\. Lj.i-Jw/I, 


JLt is my ptiipols to difcryve 

This holy perfyte genologie 

Of peci^cr knavis fuperlatjvc,. 

Pretendand to awtpretie, 

That wait of nocht hot beggartie. 

Yc biirges fdnis prevcne thir lownfs, 

That wald diftroj nobilitie, 

And baneis it all borrow townis, 


Thay ar declarit in feven pairtis, 

Ane fcroppit cofe ^uhen he begynnis, 

Sornand all and findry airtis| 
For to by hennis reid-wod he rynnis ; 
lie lokis thame up in to his innis 
Unto ane derth, and fellis thair eggis, 
Ilegraitandly on thame he wynnis. 
And fecondly his meit he beggis. 

Ane fwyngeour coife, amangis the wyvis, 
Tn land-wait dwellis with fubteill menis, 
Exponand thame auld fanftis lyvis, 
And fanis thame with deid mennis banis ; 
Lyk Rome-rakaris, with awllerne granis, . 
Sperkand curlyk ilk ane till uder ; 
Peipand peurfy with peteous granis, 
Lyk fenyeit Symmie and his bruder. 


1 ,- 


Thir cur coffeis that failis oure fone, 
And thretty fum abowt ane pak, 
With bair blew bonattis and hobbeld fchone. 
And beir bonnokis with thame thay tak ; 
Thay fchamed rchreWis, God gif thame lakj 
At ♦none quhen merchantis makis gud ch^ir, 
Steilis d6un, and lyis behind ane pak, 
Drinkand hot dreggis and barmy beir. 

Knaifatica coff mifknawis himfell,- 
Quhen he gettis in a furrit goun ; 
Grit Lucifer^ maifter of hell, 
Is nocht fa helie as that loun ; 
As he cummis brankand throw the toun^ 
With his keis clynkand on his arme. 
That calf clovin*futtit field cuftroun. 
Will mary nane bbt a burges bairne* 

Ane dyvour coffe, that wirry hen, 
Diftroyis the honor of our natioun, 
Takis gudis to frift fra fremit men. 
And brekis than his obligatioun ; 
Quhilk dois the marchands defamatioun ; 
Thay ar reprevit for that regratour. 
Thairfoir we gif our declaratioun, 
To hang and draw that common tratour, 

Ane cuiloroiis coffe, that hegc-fkraper. 
He fittis at hame quhen that thay baik^ 
That pedder brybout, that fcheip-keipar. 
He tellis thame ilk ane caik by caik ; 
Syne lokkes thame up, and takis a faik. 
Betwixt his dowblett and his jackett. 
And eitis thame in the buith — that fmaik> - 
Ood that he mort into ane rakkett. 

Voullh Ee ' Vlir, 



Ane csithedrall coff?, he is ouir riche. 
And kes na hap bis gude to fpend> 
Bot levis Ijk afle wareit wreche. 
And treftis nevir till tak ane end j 
With faliheid cvir dois him defend^ 
Proceding ftill in averice. 
And lei vis his faule na gude comend, ^ ' 
'Bot walkis ane wilfome wcy, I wifs, 

I you exhort all that is heir. 
That reidis this bill| je wald it kh^LW 
Unto the provcfty and him requeir. 
That he v/iH geif thir coffis the law. 
And baneis thame the burges raw. 
And to the fcho ftreit ye thame ken ; 
Syne cut thair luggis^ that je may knaw, 
Thir peddir knavis be burges men* 

What the author meant by coffeis, he explains St. i. 1. 3. where 
fpeaks^of « pedder/tffav/j.'* €oJt, in the modern Scottilh Ungua{ 
means ruflU. The fenfe here is peddling merchants. The feven foi 
are, i. An higgler and ioreftaller; 2. A lewd pariih pried ; 3, Amc 
chant who trafiScs in company upon too fmall a fiock ; 4. Though 0^ 
fcurely ezpreHed, is a low born fellow, who intrudes himfelf into t1 
magiftracy of a royal burgh ; 5. A fraudulent bankrupt; 6. A mife ^^ 
7. A dignified churchman : the charaAcr of each is drawn from tM-^^ 
living manners of that age. 

St. a. 1. 3. «« Scrnand all and Cndry airft,** This fcroppit or c<»*^' 
temptibie dealer is reprefented as going about in every quarter ywiM'**^ ' 
a contra<ftion It^m/ojourning, Hence forcers, or fojour-ners, whicH * 
•often occurs in ovr more ancient ftatutes. He is here defcribed as *^"' 
licitous in purchafing fowls, profiting by the falc of their eggs, fore^^\^ 
ing the market, and drawing advantage from a dearth, Thefe ar^ 
, pics of popular difcontent, which the legiflature has fometimes fan< 
cd by inextricable ftatuter. ^^ 

My reafon for imagining that fcroppit means contemptible, is fo«»*^ 
cd 00 the following paflage in KnoZ; p. 93. « Thair was prcfcnti^ ^^ 



OUEEN UAKt, lj42-«Xj67. f^t; 

'* the Qoelu Regent a e&lfe'haTinij; two heidis; whairtt flic fcorppit, 
** and faid, it wai hot a con^mon thing.** 

S^ 3. A rafcaUy wencher among the married women, refidct in the 
cDontry, verfant in the arts of fiibtilty ; he interpret! to them the le* 
gcnds df the faints, and fandifiesthem with dead men's booes or relict. 
Such perfons feem to have raked the ftreets of Rome for every fuper- 
ft it ions foolery. Sometimes they growl \\k€ dogf, in the offices of re- 
ligion ; fometimes they pitifnlly whine like the hypocritical Symmyt 
oftd bis trotbar. See vol. l. p. 560. 

The firft part of this defcription allodes to the laciTioos and inordi. 
nate lives of the fecular clergy. The defcription of their employment 
in the country refembles that which the yoongcrVoffiDt profanely gave 
of a friend of his : << Eft facrificulus io pago qaodam, ct decipit rnftt- 


Bi, 4. 1. I. a. « Thir cor coffeis that (ailis ovre fone, 
*< And ihretiy-fum about ane pak.** 

By aA 34. pari. 4. James V. it is proyided, ** That na merchand 
f« faill, without he^ve ane halfe lad of godes of his awio» or elfe ia 
'« governance, as fadopr, to uthir merchandes." And by ad 15. 
*( That na fchip be frauchted out of the realme, with ooy ftaple gudes, 
** fra the feaft 0/ Simon*a day and Judes, (28. OA.) unto the feaft of the 
<* pQiification of our lady, called Candlemas.** The reader will now 
perceive what ft was to fail (00 early, and wherein they offended, who, 
to the number of thirty, were jgior ad^renttirers in one pack of goods. 

St. 5. L I,.** Knajfaiica co^miflcaawis himfelL" The word knaifaiita 
has been invented to defcribe a pedlar of mean fervile originaL £very 
one knows, that knave formerly meant a fervant. It is probable that 
this ftanza waf aimed at fome living chara^er, remarkable for the in. 
folence of office. 

[Thofe who moft freqaeqtly held the office of ProvoA of Edinborgh 
daring the latter part of this reign, were Lord Seaton, Douglas of 
Kilfpindie, and Symon Preftoun of Frefioun.] 

— «— - 1. 6. ** With his keis clynk^nd on his arme.** The kep of a 
city are confidered as the fymbols of trnft and power^ and therefore 
they may have been borne by Magiftrttes. It is an andent cnftom for 
the chief magiftrate of a city to deliver the keys to the Sovereign, upon 
his firft entry. 

St. 6. 1. 1. '.'Ane dyvour cofTe.'* This ftanza defcribes, in very em* 
phatical terms, the offence of qne who, while onable or unwiliiog to 
pay, deals upon credit with foreign merchants. 

St. 7. L 7. << And eitis thame in the buith that fmaik.*' The word 
.fmaik means a pitiful ignominious fdlow. It occurs in a curious poem 
|>y the Earl ofGlcncaiFO^ preferved in^noz. See p. 71. of this vol. 

<« They 



*( They (ai«ki« dois fet tkeir haill iotent, 
« To reid the logUfche New TelUmeot. 


The churl here defcribed, after having carefully numbered his cake 
^Dveyt one of them under his doaths, and eats it in his booth or iho] 

St. 9. L 6. 7. « And to the fcho-ftrait ye thame keoj 
<* Syne cut thair luggis,^ 5cc. 

Shoes are ftlll fold at Edinburgh in the upper part of ^he Grafimarke 
which formerly was alfo the place of execution. It is probable that kfli 
punilhmcnts, fuch as that of cutting off the ears of delinqueats, were ai 
cfently infiidled in the fame place. It haa been fMggcfted to the cdito 
that by Scho-ftreit, a ftreet in Perth, ilili termed the Shoe-gate, is ui 
derftood : But there feems no rcafon for fuppofing that this poem w^ 
compofcd at Pcrt|>, or that the Shoe-gate in Perth wai a place of |- 



From the Bann. CotkOhmw 

X rychtous thing the quilk dois now proceicff 
ownit Ijk unto ati emperefs ; 
hes defjit guerdoon and his meidy 
s hir trewth on hicbt ^s ane goddefs ; 
faith hes fl jttia with fraud and dowbilneij, 
prudenfe feis all thingis that cummis befbme^ 
Dwing the trace of peif jte ftabilae£sy 
evin be Ijne r jcht as a raounis horde* 


cis of cuftome mantenis rycht in deid, 
prelettis Ictris in clyne pcrf jtnefs ; 
chtis luvisy God wat, hot littill fal&eid^ 
. preiftis hes reffufit all riches ; 
religioun leyis in holinefs ; 
J bene in vertew> and full fair upborne ^ 
r in court can no man (6 increfs ; 
leill by lyne rycht as a rammis home, 

chands of louker takes hot littill hede^ 
ir ufury is fett^rit with difcrefs ; 
. for to fpeik alfo of womanhede, 
sift frome thame is all new fangilnefs ; 
y haif left pryd> and takin to meiknefs, 
Lois pacience is bot newly watt and fchorne ; 
ir tungis hes no tuiching of fcherpnefs j 
leill by lyne rycht as a ranwiis home. 



JPure men complenis now, bot for no neid^ 
The richc gcvis ay feik almoufs, as I gefs ; 
With plenty ay the hungry thay do feid, 
Clethis the nakk in thair wreehitnefs ; 
And cheritc is now a cheif maiftrefs j 
3klar.der fra her toung hes pullit out the thome, 
Difcretioun dois all hir la^is exprefs, 
Als leill by lync rycht as a rammis home* 

Out of this land, or ellis God forbede, 
Baneift is fraud, falfheid, and fekilnefs ; 
Flattery is fled, and that for verry drede ; 
Both riche and pure hes takin thame to fadnefs ^ 
L»aaboraris wirkis with all thair beffinefs ; 
Day nor nycht, nor hour, can be forborne 
Bot fwynk and fueit, to voyd all ydilnefs ; 
^s leiU by lyne rycht as a rammis home. 

JPriacis remembcrts, and providently takis hede^ 
How vcrtenfr is of vycc' a he gpddefs ; 
Our faith nocht haltis, we lelf evin as our cred^ 
}n wird and deid, as wark berris witnefs ; 
All ipocritis hes left thair frawardnefs ; 
Thus weidit is the poppill fra the corne ; 
And every ftait is governit, as I gefs, 
^Is leill by lyne rycht as a rammis home. 


St. 1. 1. 3. " Law he* defyit jgucrdoun and his mcid." The beft 
commentary that I can make upon this line is to tranfcribe, adt' 104, 
parliament 7. James V. 1540. ** It is ftatote and ordained, That for 
!^ fa meikieas it has bene beavilie muroiured to our 3oVeraipe L.orde, 
*• that hU lieges has bene greatUe hurte in times bygane be judges, 
<* baith fpiritual and temporal, ^uha hes not been allanerlie jodges, bot 
«< plaine foUiflares, partial counfeHoures, aflifter^ aiid partakers with 
^ rum of the partiee, and hes taoe great geare and profitr. 

« Therefore 

^iyEEN* MARY, I542— i567. 





<* Therefore it is fl^tute and ordained, in times cumming, That alt 
juQice, fchirefTes, Lordes of Seffion, bail lies of regalitiesi provoft and 
baillxes of burrowes, and uther deputes, and all uther judges, fpiritual 
and temporal, alfweill within regalities a»royah:ie, fall do trew and 
** equal juftice to all our SoTeraine Lordis lieges, without ony partial 
« couDcell, rewatdeSfOr buddes taking, further then is permitted of the 
•* law, (meaning fentence money,) under the paine of tinfell of their 
** honour, fame, and dignitie, gif they be tainted and convi<5led of the 
^ famin ^ And gif ony maner of perlon murmuris ony judge, temporal 
•* or fpiritual, allweill Lordes of Seffion, as uthers, and proves not the 
** fame fuffieicntlie, he fall be puniihed in femblable manner and fofte, 
^ 36 the faide judge or perfon whom he murmuris, and fall pay anc 
«< paine arbitral, at the will of the King*s Grace, or his councel, for the 
•• infaming oi (Ik peifones ; providing alwaies, gif ony fpirrtoal man 
•* failyies, that he be called before his Judge ordinar.*' 

■ 1. 5. ** HthJIyttiu. with fraud,*' &c. Has removed from fraud. 
^lyti is verier e filum^ particularly ufed of tenants who quit their pofTefo 
fion. The word Jlit^ in modern Engliih, implies not Xo much the remo- 
-ving from any one place, as the fludlaating from one place to another. 

%i, a. 1. a. " And pr^lettis- levis in dyne perfytncfs.'* In a Provincial 
council held 15499 one great caufc of herefy was declared to be, ** in 
** perfonis eccleCafticis, omnium fcr£ graduum, morum corruptela ac 
** w/iT frrfcma bbjcctnitas ;" Wilkins's Goncil. tom. 4. p. 46, to. p. 60. 

■ ■ 1. 5. " All religious levis in holinefs." The word religioun 
is here ofcd for monadic orders. 

St. 3. 1. 6. ** Quhois pacsicncc is bot newly watt and fchorne." In 
allufion to the manner of dreffing cloatb ; as if he had faid, Womens 
patience is juft cut out of the loom, and nothing the worfc of ihc wear. 



From the Banh. CoUe£iion» 


Jl* oure tnener of lYien are evill to pleifs ; 
Ane is, that riches hcs and eifs, 
Cold, filver, corne, cattell, and ky. 
And waJd haif part fra uthiris by. 
Ane uthir 13 of land and rent, 
80 grit a loid, and fo potent. 
That he may not it rewill nor gy, 
And jtt wald haif fra uthiris by. 

The thrid dois eik fo dourly drink, 
And.alll and wyne within him fink^ 
Quhill in his wame no rowm be dry, 
And yet wald haif fra uthiris by. 
The lad that hes, of nobill blude, 
Ane lufty lady fair and gude, 
Boith vertewis, wyifs, and womanly, 
Bot yet wald haif ane uthir by; 


In end, no wicht I can perfaif 

of gude fo grit aboundance haif. 

Nor in this warld fo welthful wy^ 

Bot yet he wald haif uthir by. 

Bot yet of all this gold and gud, 

Or uthir conyie, to conclude, 

Quha evir it hais, it is not 1 ; 

It gois fra me to uthiris by. 





From the BAHHATnrE Bf St 



r times is better hald nor len, 

this is mj i|;ill and reflbne <juhy v^ 

evill to knaw ar monj men, 

to be crabbit fettis Uttil by. 

Y hald the for his innemj 

:raif the thing that thow hes lent. 

refor I red the verrely, 

ome to thou lennis tak rycht gud tent. 

Qony nien it dois grit hurt^ 
oft of freindi? it maki9. fais, 
baith the pairties haldi^ in fturt, 
sn that the anathie uthir cravis. 
retchitnefs a man diSavi9 ; 
Un himfelf he thinkis a paine^ 
ling that he pofleffione havi^, 
o ixftore or gif againe. 

rfor is better hald nor draw^ 
tiocht thy awin geir ftryye with th^ ; 
perfone hot thoa rycht weiU knaw, 
he micht treft and ficker be. 
hou may oft tymes heir and fe, 
mony man his awin thing lenis^ 
drthrow be winnis grit mawgr^, 
bankles men that it miikenis. 
^ulli. Ff IVi 


Thairfor me think is better than^ , 

To hald in thy pofleflion. 

Nor crave it frji ane uthir man 

That is of evill condition^ 

Quha keipis no promiiEon. 

Quhat dois thop than bot fljttis and fechtis^ 

bf thou gett reftitution 

Of him that keipic not his hechtis ! 

• V. 
It M^ar mor treft~in to thi purfs. 
Nor puttit in to rakles handist 
To gar the wary, ban and curfs^ 
Seikand thy dettouris in fundry Undis» 
Be war and keip th^ fro fie bandis. 
My counfale is, gnd freind,. and bruder ^ 
This fab warld now fa it ftandis. 
That rycht few ar trefHs in anodder« 

pife ony man hes ihi at feid. 
For thy awin gud I counfale th^^ 
A7 with full hand fe that thou pleid^ 
Sua gife it may no better be. 
Thy geir to want and win maugre, 
To th6 it is bot double ikaith. 
Man, for thy mair fecuritie. 
Of ane be ficker, and tyne not balttft 



Fr6m the Bank. CoUeBion. 



tcHT fane wald I my quentsins mak 
"With StV Penny ; and wat ye quhy ? 
He is a man will undertak 
Lands for to fell, and als to t^y. 
Thairfoir, me think, rycht fane wqld I^ 
With him in fellofcHip to repair ;, 
Becaus he is in dtimpany 
Ane noble gyd bayth lait and air, 

Sir Penny for till hald in hand; 
His cumpany thay think fo Iweit, 
Sam givis na c^ir ko fell his land^ 
With gild Sir PeHHy for to meit ; 
Secaufe he is a noble fpreit, 
Ane furthy man, and forfeand ; 
Thair i^^ nd ixiater to end compleit; 
QohiU he fett to his feill and hand; 


Sir Penny is a vailyeant man. 
Off mekle ftrenth and dignitie^ 
And evir fen the warld b^gaii; 
In to this land autoreift is he ; 
With king and quene niay ye nocht f^i 
They treit him iy fo tendirly, 
tThat thair can na thing endit be; 
Without him in thair cumpimy ? 




Sir Penny is a man of law, 
Wht jFe Weill, \ajf€ix wyis and war. 
And mony reffonis can furtfa fchaw, 
Quhen he is ftandand at the bar \ 
Is nane fo wjis can Jam delar, 
Quhen he proponis furth ane ple^ 
Nor jit fa hardy man that dar 
Sir Penny tjnc, or difibbej. 


Sir Penny is baith fcherp and wyis. 
The kitks to fteir he takkis on hand ^ 
Difponar he is of benefyis. 
In to this realme, our all the land, 
Is none fo wicht dat him ganeftand ; 
So wyifly can Sir Penny wirk, 
And als Sir Symony his fervand, 
That now is gydar of the kirk. 

Gif to the cburte thow maks repair^ 
And fhow tiaif materis to ^proclame^ 
Thow art unable wcill to fair. 
Sir Penny and thow leif at hame. 
To bring him furth thynk thow na fcham^y 
I do ye Weill to underftand; 
Into thy bag beir tho^ his name. 
Thy mater cummis the bettir till hand.* 


Sir Penny now is maid ane owle, 
Thay wirk him mekle tray and tene, 
Thay hald him in quhill he hair-mowlc,' 
And makis him blind of baith his ene ; 
Thairowt he is hot fejsdill fene, 
Sa faft thairain they can him ileik. 
That pure commownis can nocht obtene 
Ane day to byd with him to fpeik. 


^EEN MARY, 1342-^1567. ii^ 



St. 5. 1. 7. " And als Sir Symony his fcrvand." Upon the death of 
William Dougkw, Abhot of Holyrood, Buchanan fays, " Sacerdotium 
ejus Robertas Carnierucius, homo humili loco natus, fed pecuniofus, 
a Rege, turn a pecuniis inopi, ledemit ; novo genere fraudis elusi 
^ lege ambitiis, quas facerdotia venire vetat : fponuone fcilicet villus, 
** qua, magni pecunia depofiti, contenderat, Regem non cam proximo 
•• facerdotio vacuo donaturam ;" 1. 14. c 35. He wagered with the 
king. That he ihouldnot be provided to the firft vacant benefice ; and 
he loft.— This childifii popular tale has been occafionally revived. It 
is to be found in a Tecent publication of fecrec and fcandalous hiftory. 

The origin of this buf lel^ue allegory, and of another in the fame 
flyle, (fee vol. i. p< T39O >& probably to be found in the following fong, 
|)abli(hed by Mr Ricfoii, partly in Anglo Saxon chara6ter, from the 
^loane MS. in the ISritilh Mufeuni, of the time of Henry VI. if not 

Peny is an hardy knyght, 
Peny is mekyl of myght, 
Peny of wrong he makyth ryght. 
In every contrie quer he go. 

Thow I have a man yilawe, 
And forfetyd the kyngia un.iawe, 
I fchal fyndyn a man of lawe 

Wyl takyn myn peny and let mcf go. 

If I have to don, fer or ner. 
And Peny be myn meffenger. 
Than am I no thing in dwer. 

My caufe fchal be wol do. 

If I have pens bqthe good and (jfn. 
Men wyl byddyn me to the wy n , 
* TJiat I have fchall by thyne," 
Sekyrly thei wil feyn fo. 

And qiuin I have non in myn purs, 
_ Peny bet ne pepy wers. 

Of me thei holdyn bat lytil fors, 
He War a man let bym go. 



From the Bann* ColleBiom 


Jlvobetns Jbk come to wow otir Jynnjr,* 
On our feift evin quhen we war fow ; 
' Scho brankit faft, and maid hir bony. 
And fald, Jok, come ye for to wow ? 
Scho burneift hir baith breift and brow, 
And maid her cleir as ony clok ; 
Than fpak hir deme, and faid, I trow, 
Ye come to wow our Jynpy, Jok. 

Jok faid, Forfuth I y^rn full fane. 
To lut my heid, and fit doun by yow. 
Than fpak hir itiodir, and faid agane. 
My bairne hes tocher-gud to g^ yow. 
Te he, quoth Jynny, keik, keik, I fe yow.^ 
Muder, yone man ihaks you a mok. 
I fchro the lyar, full leis me yow, 
I come to wow your Jynny, quothf Jofc^ 

My berne, fcho fayi^, hes of hir awin^' 
Ane gufs, ane^ryce, ane cok, ane hen, 
Ane calf, ane hog, ane fute-braid fawin,- 
Ane kirn, ane pin, that ye weill ken, 
Ane pig, ane pot, ane raip thair ben, 
Ane fork, ane flaik, ane reill, ane rok, 
Difchis and dublaris nyne or ten : 
Gome ye to wow our Jynny, Jok ? 



ikety and ane wecht alfo, 
lie, ane fcheit, and ane lang flall^ 
, ane alnxry, and laidills two, 
k-fyth, with ane fwyne-taill, 
r&y quhittill to fcheir the kaill^ 
leiUy ane tnell the beir to knok, 
r, ane caird wantand ane naill ; 
i to WOW our Jynny, Jok ? 

me, ane furlet, ane pott, ane pek, 
, ane barrow, with ane quheilband| 
Sy ane troch, and aue meil-fek, 
rtiU braid, and ane elwand.' 
Jynnj be the hand, ' 
d, Ane feift ; and flew ane cok, 
id a brjdell upaland ; 
if 1 gottin jour Jynny, quoth Jok* 

;me, I haif your baime mareit ; 
ye mak it neyir fa tuche, 
1 wit fchoi$ nocht mifkarelt. 
ill kend I haif anuch : 
kit gleyd fell our ane huch, 
id, ane fpeit, ane fpur, ane fok, 
ttin oxin 1 haif a pluche 
• togiddir Jynny and Jok, 

le belter, and eik ahe hek, 
rd, ane creill, and als an cradrll, 
der of raggis to ftuiF ane jak, 
d paniiell of ane laid fa4ill, 
)per-polk maid of a padell, 
»unge, ane fpindill wantand ane nok, 
[ly lippis to lik ane laiddill, 
; tQgidder Jyqny and Jok. 

. • VHI 



Ane brechame, and twa brochis fyne 
WeiH baklit with a brjdill reny6, 
Anc fark tnaid of the Hakome twjne, 
Aae gaj gi^ne cloke that will nocht ftenj6 -, 
And yit for miller I will nocht feny^, 
Fyve hundirth flsis now in a flok. 
Call ye nocht tham ane jolj meny6. 
To gang togiddir Jyraij, and Jok ? 

Ane trene truncheour^ ane raaiehorne fpouc^ 
Twa buttis of barkit blafhit ledder. 
All graith that gains to hobbill tchoae, 
Ane thrawcruk to twyne ane tedder, 
Ane brydill, ane grith, and ane fwyne bl^dei^i 
Ane maikene-fatt, ane fetterit lok^ 
Ane fcheip Weill kepit fra HI wedder^ 
To gang togiddir, Jynny and Jx)k. 

Tak thair lor my parte of the feifl ; 
It is Weill knawin I am weill bodin ^ 
Ye may nocht fay n^y parte is leift. 
The wyfe faid, Speid, ^he kaill ar foddin| 
And als the lyifTerpph is fuitaiid }oddin ; 
Quhen ye haif done tak hame the brol;. 
The rod wes tuche, fa wer diay bodin ; 
Syn gaid togiddir baytb, Jynay and Jok» 

This well known poem^ given faitfafolly from the MS. eihlbits a lu^ 
dicrout pidure of the eurtafup4Ux of the Scottilh Commons In the ^6clt 
century. Probably it has been intended to ridicule the mifcellaneost 
lift of moveables which, by eftabiiflicd cailpm in Scodand, belon^d to 
Certain heirs of line, fooMv^hat like the Bnglifli heir •looms. See appea- 
vdix to Hope's Minor iPradlicks 1 734, p. 53$. 

St. 1. 1. 1. «* Robeyns Jok ;" i. e. Jok the fon of ^obin, or Robin's 
fon. Proper firnames came kcc inio Scotland. 
' ' ^ St. I, 

fJT' ' * 

. ' 

QJJEEN MARY, I542 — 1567. 23J 

St. I. L 3. «* Scho-^ra/»i// faft, and maid hir bony:* She tript away 
Kaftily, and drcffcd herfelf out to the bcft advantage [Brankit fafi, 
drefled herfelf haaUy. £.] 

— 1. 6. «* CIcir as ony chV^ Clear as a r/o-t, or beetle ; a pro- 
▼erbial expreffion, alluding to the bright pollih on the body of that in- 


5t. %.\i,%, -^-^ " I ycm full fane, 

** To lujk my beid, and fit down by you." MS, 

I onderftand this to mean, (fays Lord Hailes,) *< I earnellly long to fit 
** down at your fide, after having firft fearcbed my head, that there be 
*' no animals i^bout me.** A refinement m rufiic courtfiiip ! [Perhaps 
rather aa error of the cranfcribcr for << lout^** or lower my head. £.J 
' I ■ ! 1. 7. <* f fchro the lyar^ full Icis me yow.** The young 
lady having told her mother, that ihe fufpeiSled the sincerity of her 
wooer, he tenderly anfwers, " ^urfe you for a liar, I love you heartily.** 

St. 3. 1. 3. " Ane fute-braid fawing.'* Corn fufficient to fow a foot- 
breadth, or a foot-bregdth of ground on which one may fow. Here 
the author, firaining to make a ludicious defer iption of braggart po. 
9erty, has tranfgreir^d the bounds of probabilitff The idea, however, 
has pleafed; for in a more modern Scotti(l> ballad, the following h'nes 

*< I ha a wie lairdfchip down ia the Merfe^ 
•• The nynetentb fairt of a gujfe*s gerfty 
** And I wo' na cum every day to wow.*' 

[Fute-braid perhaps ought to ht fute-gaif, what he could delve; in op- 
pofition to plough-gate.] 

St. 7. 1. 3. " Fyfe fidder of raggis to ftuiFan jak." A quanity of r ags, 
wherewith to quile my coat uf mail. By the 87th fiaruce, parlia- 
ment 6. James V. it vjras provided, " That all yamen have jackes of 

■ 1. 6. « Ane fponnge." This probably means a fpung^ or 
purfe, which clofes with a fpring. A. S. bung or pung. In Scotland the 
word fpung is ftill ufed for a fob. Skinner- gives an example of what 
he calls lingua myfica erronum^ or Gypfy cant. " To nip a bung :** This 
is from A. S. niipeit. digitis vellicare, and bung or pung ^ marfupium. U 
would be curious to inquire, whether the cant of Oypfies be any 
thing more than corrupted Anglo Saxon, or corrupted French, juft as 
thofe outcafts from civil fociety are of Anglo Saxon or French origi- 

St. 8. 1. 3. " Ane fark maid of the linlome twync.** A fliirt made of 
the Lincoln twine ; a fort of cloath io called. Thus, in Chryftis kir k 
ol the greoe, St. a. 1. 5. ♦* Thair kirtillis wcr of lincomc light.** [£i«- 
>/7»»r, linen. Ey See GhJfaryJ] 

Vol. hi. G g st. lo. 

334 CHROKiCLE OF BooTTisH pOExar. 

St. xo. 1. X. «* Tak thair for my parte of the iei&.** Such are my 
effeAs, fofficient to fet off agaio£b yours ; or, in the Yolgar phraie, to 
pay my (hare of the reckoning. 

. 1. 5. The MS. reads,'" And alsthe laveroi nfufl and Ud£» /* 

i. e. (fays Lord Hailes,) ** The Urk i* roafted and fwolien. It feems to 
" be a cant-proverbial ezpreflion for dinner is ready/' ^I rather fuppofe 
the line has been erroneouily tranfcribed, it being highly improbable 
that any fiich difli was ever common among the peafantry of Scotland. 
The meaning of what I have fubfkitated is, ^* oar mefs (probably fome 
kind of pottage or flummery) is fuf&ciently boiled and lythed, or thick* 
ened.*' Belg. Uif^oeren^ clbus, alimentum; Teat, lifuara^ cibaria; 
Scot, livery f (meal,) a certain allowance of oat.meal to an out-of-door 
fervant for aliment, or fubliftence ; whence alfo perhaps /itrrry flable. 
Loddin, for lythen or lyibed, which is ftill a common word : fujiand 
probably denotes feme appearance of the flummery when boiling in 
that thickened ftate.j 

— 1. 6. " When ye have done, tak hame the *' hroh^^ After yoij 
have dined, you may carry the remnants home. 

This is anotb<»r of the few Scottifli fon^ for t)if antiquity of whi^ll 
there is any pofltive evidence. 



From the Bann. MS. 



,T luve \Vas falsy and full of flatteries 
With cttUerit leiingis f jill of dowbilnefs. 
Qiilien that fcho fpak^ her toung was wonder fl^^ 
With fals femblance and fenjreit humjlneis, 
And indonftance pajntit with fteidfadnefs ; 
Hir frane Was cuverit with ane piteous face, 
Quhilk was the caufs that oft I cryit, allace ! 

Scho lufit ane udir better than fcho lufit me, 
Betwix thame twa thaj draif me to grit Ikoin ) 
iFor it that I tald her in privitie, 
Scho tald it to her lufe opon the mome ; 
And fa betwix thame twa I gat the home* 
Yet I could nocht perfaif thair fals confait, 
BecauOs thruch birnand luft I was growin blait. 

The &orne that t gatt micht betie maid ane farfs^ 
Quhilk excedit the ikorne of Abfolome, 
Quhan the hett culter was fchott in his harfs^ 
Be clerk Nicolusj and his lufie Allefone, 
As Canterburne tailis maiks mentioun. 
^et I fufpekkit nocht bot fcho was treWi 
Bot I was all begjlit, quhilk fair I rew. 




Yung Pirance, the fone of erle Dragabald, 
Was dirlit with lufe of fair Meridiane ; 
Scho prbmiil him hir luve evin as he wald,- 
And in ane fecreit place gart him rcmane, 
Blawand ane kanc^ill be art magicane. 
In froft and fnaw, quhill day licht in the morne j 
Bot my fiUok did me far grittar fkorne. 


Virgin, quhilk was prudent, graive, and faige. 
Was liehtleit be his lave without remeid, 
Aiid for difpyt fcho hang hjm in ane caige. 
And Arifiotill, quhilk diverfs docktrines maid, 
His lady patt ane brydill on his heid. 
Bot all thay ikornis can nocht comparit be 
Till half the fchame that my luve gart me drie. 

Siclyk fcho wald be grit fubtiltie 
Reflaif fra me luve drifteifs, belt, and ring. 
And than thay fame giftis offer wald fche 
Hir paramour, and lait him Want no thing. 
Upoun the morne the fame ring he wald bring. 
And weir thame for difpyt befoir my face. 
To gar me ken h6 was mail* in hir grace* 

God wait quhat wo had Troyelus in deid, 
Quhen he beheld the belt, the broche, and ring, 
Hingand upon the fpeir of Diomede, 
Quhilk Troyellus gaif to Creflcid in luve taking. 
On that fame fort fcho did to me maling ; 
For the giftis thjtt I gafe till hir all hour. 
With thame fcho did poffefs hir paramour. 

Bot quhan fcho was ihto nCceffititf, 
Than flatter me fcho wald with woirdis fair ; 
Ane fenyeit teir fcho wald thrift fra hir e. 




(iUEEN MART, 1 542 — 1^6^. I37 

iLjk as for luve of me fcho wald forfair. 
Hir fenjeit no did fop my hart with cair. 
Than petie gart me grant till hir defjre, 
B^caufs that luve brunt mt Ijk the wuld fyre» ^ 

So day be daj fcho plaid with me buk hud. 
With mony fkornis and mokkis behind my bak | 
tlir fubtyli wylis gart me fpend all my gud, 
Qahill that my clayis grew ihreid hair on my bak. 
My vane perfut gart me in fchame and lak, 
Quhill fra fie foly my hart dois now rcfrane ; 
The devill reffave me and I doid agane. 

Quod Wedderburke. 




Jt has already been obferved that the reformation of 

religion in Scotland laas greatly promoted through the 

means of Wt'JiDEKBURiifE^s ** Pfalms and Ballands of 

Godlie purpofes." "The earltefl edition of them novl 

i^tant^ is that printed at Edinburgh by Robert Smjthi 

Nether 'bow ^ ^599 - But ^ from the manner in which they 

are mentioned in a ** Hiflory of the kirk of Scotland MS* 

J 560," they mufi have made their appearance fome con* 

ftderable time before the date of that Manufcriptj and 

probably are alluded to in a canon of the Provincial 

Council I549» which denounces fever e punifhment a* 

gainfl thofe who kept in their poffejjion ^^ aliquos libros 

** rythmorum feu cantilenarum vulgarium, fcandalofa 

<^ ecclefiafticorum,— -aut quamcunque hoerefim in fe 

'^ continentia." Of the author nothing is known, or 

with reafonable probability can be conjeBured^ unUfs 

that he may be the fame Wedderburne, who in the 

JIarleian catalogue is named as the author of ** The ConiA 

plaint of Scotland 1549," or to whom the preceding 

poem and two others of no great merits are afcrihed in 

the Bannatjne MS. Pfalms and paraphrafes are not 

precifely fuitable to the plan of this compilation. But 

we fnd intermingled with them^ a variety of fatirical 

inveBives againfl the corruption and ahufes of the efla» 

hlifhed Kirk ; artfully enough devifed for the il/umina'^ 

tion of the vulgar , who^ although they were incapable of 

reading pamphlets^ might eajily be taught tofing ballads^ 

efpecially when adapted^ as many of them feem to be, to 

popular airs* A few of thefe are therefore curious in 


USfKES MART, 1542—1567. ^39 

tnore refpe&s than one, 'The others are fuited to thi 
intention fet forth in the prologue ^^^^or the ufe of 
** yong perfouns and fik as are nocht exercifit in the 
«* Jcripture^ quho will fooner confave the trew word nor 
«• quhen thay heir it fung in La tine ^ the quhilk tha^ 
** %vat nocht quhat it is : Bot quhen thay heir it fung^ 
<* or Jingis it themfelvis into thair vulgair toung with 
** f*iveit melodiey than fall thay love thair God^-^ani 
•^ put away bawdrie and unclein fangs, Praife to God% 
«* Amenr 

Andro Hart in his edition 1621, reduced the or*, 
thography to the fandard nearly of his own time^ in the 
Jatne manner as he had treated Barbour's Bruce in the 
preceding year^ and indeed every other Scottijh composi- 
tion that ijfued from his prefs, 



JL ELL me now, and in quhat wife, 
How that I fuld my lufe forga. 
£aith dajr and nicht ane thoufand fife, 
Thir tyrannis waikens me with wa. 

At midnight mirke thay will us take, 
And into prifon will us fling, 
There mon we ly quhile we forfakc, 
Xhe name of God quhilk is our King« 

Then faggots man we burne or heir, 
Or to the deid they will us bring : 
It does them gude to do us deir. 
And to confufion us down thring. 




AUce your Grace hcs done greit wrang^ 
To fuffer tyrannis in fie fort, 
Dajlie ya.if lieges till ouergang, ' 
That does but Chriftis word report. 

Chriil, fen your Grace wald ciy ane cry. 
Out throw the realnie of all Scotland, 
** The man that wald live faithfully^ 
** Ye wald him fuffer in the land.'* 

Then fuld we outher do or die. 
Or els our life we fuld lay for'd, 
And ever to live in cheritie. 
Be Chrift Jefu quhilk is our Lord. 

Pluck up your herts and make yow bowne. 
For Chrift Is word fee ye (land for'd, 
Their crueltie it fall come downe 
Be Chrift Jefus quhilk is our Lord. 

Thow King of Glory grant us thy blifle, 
Send us fupport and comforting, 
Ag&ins our fais that bifie is. 
Thy fiieipe to ftroy baith auld and ying. 

In houre of deid grant us thy ftrength, 
Glaidly to thoill their crueltie. 
And that we may with thee at length. 
Receive thy joy eternallie. 

St. 3. 1. I. ** Faggots." Part of the ceremony of recantation was to 
bam a faggot, called by Knox or feme other contcnoporary hiftoriac 
« a bill," which perhaps implies the articles of herefy with which the 
culprit was charged. • 

The 5th ftanza alludes to the banl(hnf>cnt of Knox, Balnavis and o- 
ihcr promoters of the reformation, in 1548. 

O Christ 



' Phurch Tune^ " Chrifte qui lux es &. dies." 

v3 Christ quhilk art the licht of day, 
The'clude of nicht thpu dryves away, 
T.^e beam of glore belevit richt, 
Shaw^and till us thy perfite licht. 

This is na nicht aa naturall, 
Nor yit na elude materially 
That thow expels, as I heir fay, 
O Chrift quhilk art the licht of day. 

This nicht I call Idolatrie, 
The elude ouerfpred, Hipocrifie, 
Send from the Prince of all unricht, 
O Chrift, for till obfcure thy licht. 

Quhilk twa hes had dominion 
J^ang ledand to deftru&ion 
The maift part of this warld aftray 
Fra Chrift, quhilk is the licht of day. 

Turnand till Goddis infinite, 
Pottand their hope and their dely te 
In markis inventit with the flicht 
- Of Sathan, contrair to thy licht. 

Sum makis Goddis of fticks and ftane. 
Sum makis Goddis of Saindis bane, 
Quhilk wer they livand heir wald fay, 
Idolatrie do way, do way ! 

To us give nouther laud nor glore, 
O f ulis gif ye fpeir quhairfoir : 
We had lia thing throw our awin micht, 
Bot all we had throw Chrift our licht. 
Vol. HI. Hh 


To that, exempill fall be Paull, 
At Liftra quha refufit all 
Maner of gloir, and thus did fay. 
Give gloir to Chrift, the licht of day. 

Give nane to us, we are but men, 
Mortall as yc, your felfis may ken ; 
O fulisy quhairfoir take je flicht 
Rinnand fra Chrift the perfite licht. 

Sum makis Goddis of freiris caip. 
Thay monflours mot in gallous gaip ^ 
For they have led us lang aftray 
Fra Chrift, quhilk is the licht of day. 

Sum mumlit aveis, fum raknit creidis. 
Sum makis Goddis of thair beidis, 
QuhUk wot not quhat they fing nor fay. 
Alas ! this is an wrangous way. 

St. lad, I. a. « Sum makis Goddis of thair beidis." In Becon's JSls- 
iiques of R»me, we have the following account of the manner of praying 
on or bidding the beads, and of the benefits that accrued from going 
through that piece of fcrvice in a correft and proper manner : ^ Ye 
ihall have (fay the prieftes) for every e word in the Facer-Dofter, Ave 
Maria and Credo faid on the Five pardon be^des three hundred days of 
pardon in purgatorie : Unto all thofe that the beades do ftring, or caufe 
to be ilringed in time of neceilitye, eightye days Qf pardon : Aifo ye 
muft fay firil on the five beads five Pater nofters, five Avie paries, an^ 
a Crede in the worfliip of the five woucdes of our Saviour Chrifl : And 
then after every Cred^, fay on the firft white bead of the fyve, *}eju 
for thy holy name ; and then on the red beade, and for thy hitter pajfoni 
then on the firft black beade, y^i.t^^ us from fm and ibame ; then on the 
fecond black beade,.<nu/ endlefs damnation i and then on the laft white 
beade, bring us to tby blijfe, That nevtr fball myjfe fweet Jefu / Amen ; 
the pardcn whereof, (re mcmbryng all the woundes great and fraall,) i* 
fy Vc thouAind.four hundred fcvcnty-fyvc yearcs, totient jyotiens,** 



Yo the tuney probably^ of «' Downe, belly, downe." 

jVlusAND grcitlj in my minde. 
The cruell kirkmen in their kinde, 
Quhilk bene indurit and fa blinde. 

And trowes neuet to dum downe. 

Thocht thow be Paip or Cardinal!, 
So heich in thy pontificall, 
Rcfift thow God that cireat all. 

Then downe thow fall cum downe* 

Thocht thow be Archbifchop or Deane, 
Chantour, Chancelair, or Chaplane, 
Refill thow God, thy glore is gane. 

And downe thow fall cum downe; 

Thocht thow flow in philofophie. 
Or graduate be in theologie. 
Yet and thow fyll the veritie. 

Then downe thbw fall cum do^ne. 

Thocht thow be of religiouri 
The ftraiteft in all regioiin. 
Yet and thow glaike or gagioun 

The trueth, thow fall cum downe. 

Where is Chor^ and Abiron ? 
Jamnes, Jambres^ and Dathan become ? 
To refift God, qiihilke made them boun^. 
Are they nought all cuomiit downe. 

Andv/juhere is. Balaam's falfe counfell ? 
Quhere is the prophets of Jefabell, 
And Belis preiftes be Daniell, 

Downe they were all put downe. 





And mony ma I culd jou fchaw, 
Quhilke of thair God wald ftand na aw, 
Bot him refiftit and his law, 

And downe they ar cum downe. 

Thair is na kingdome nor Empriour, 
Erie nor Duke of greit valour, 
Fra tyme ye knaw their falfe errour, 

But he fall plucke them downe. 

Ophni and Phenis gat no grace, 
Hely brak his necke, alace, 
And his offspring put from their place. 
King Salomon put them downe. 

And King Achab and Helyas, 
The fals prophets deftroyit hes. 
And als the nobill Jofias, 

Put all thefe prophets downe. 

Is there na ma ? quhy faid I all ? 
Yet many thoufand fall have ane fall, 
Quhilke haldis Chriften men itk thrall. 
Princes fall put them downe. 

Wald they na mair impung the trueth, 
Syne in their office be not flueth. 
Then Chrift on them fuld have fie rueth. 
That they fuld nocht cum downe. 

I pray to God that they and wee. 

Obey his word in unitie. 

Throw faith workand by cheritie, 

And let us never come downe. 

St. 5. 1. 4. GagiooD (or gagotim) U probably €ITOBCOu»> ot ibinenc;w 
coined word from dijgui/e. 

The original words, L^tvne, hcUy^ detune^ may be fecD in Hawkiu*a 
Hift. ol Mufic, HI. 18. 



VV AY is the hirdls of Ifraell, 
That feivis noclit Chriftis flock. 
But dantlly thej feid them fell 
Syne does the pepIU mock. 

The fill J ihecp was all forlorne^ 
And was the wolfis prej. 
The hirdis teindit alt the come, 
The fbeep culd get na ftraj. 

iThcy gadderit up baith wooll and rallk, 
And fyne tuke na mair cure, 
Bot cled them with the coftly filk. 
And ficljke cled their hure. 

Therefore fajis God, I will require, 
My fcheip furth of their hands : 
And give them hyrds at mj defire^ 
To teich them my commands. 

And they fall nouther feid them fell. 
Not yit hunger my fheep : 
I fall them from my kirk expell, 
And gif them fwyne to keip. 

Two hundred years before this time, JohrfWiclifiF taught, in A fimiUf 
drain, that " in many caas fujets mafy Icfully withftond tythts; the cu. 
ratesi being more curfed of God for withdrawing of teaching in word 
and deed in good ciifample, than the fujets in withdrawing tythes. when 
the priefts don not well their godly office — but live in covetilTe and 
glotony, drunkenefs and lechery, with fair- horfe, and jolly and gay 
Taddlesand bridles ringing by the way, and himfelf in coflly cloths and 
pdure, while their poor neighbours pcrilh fpr hunger and cold." 



\jroD fend everie Preift ane wyfe^ 
And everie Nunne a man^ 
That they may live that haly lyfe^ 
As firft the kirk began. 

Sanft Peter, quhom nane can reprufe, 
His life in nrtariage led. 
All gude Prciftis quhom God did lufe. 
Their maryit wyfis hed. 

Greit caufis then I grant had they, 
f ra wyfis to refraine : 
Bot greiter caufes have they may,^ 
Now wyfis' to wed againe. 

For then fuld nocht fa mony hure. 
Be up and downe this land : 
Nor yit fa mony beggers pure. 
In kirk and mercat ftand. 

And not fa meikill baftard feid 
Tluow out this cuntrie fawin. 
Nor gude men uneouth fry fuld feid,- 
Ai\d all the fuith were knawin. 

Sen Chriftis law and common law. 
And Do6lours will admit, 
That Prieftis in that yock fuld draw, 
Quha dar fay contrair it ! 



\lefsy to the tune of '* Up in the morning early ,^' 

I wind blawis cald, furious and bald, 

lang and monj daj : 

Ihrift's mercie we mon all die^ 

Mp the cald wind away. ' 

wind fa keine, that I of meine, 

:he vyce of auld ; 

'aith is inclufit, and plainly abufit, : 

wind hes blawin too cald. 

wind has blawin lang the pepill amang^ 
blinded hes their wit ; 
gnorant pepill, fa lawit bene and febill, 
they wot nocht quhom to wyte. 

\ word and lawis, the pepill milknawis, 
redence hes the fcripture \ 
L the fuith does infer, priefts fay they erre^ 
ene their bufie cure. 

I dois prefent the New Teftamcnt^ 
Ik is our faith furelie : 
bs callis him like ane heretike, 
fay is, burnt fall he be. 

cryis on hie, the Spiritualtie, s 

ane th^m fuld defy : 
their illufion and fals abulipn, 
pepill dois now efpy. 

om fuld we wyte of this difpy te, 

hid fra us Gods law : 

Priefts and Clarkis, and their evil warkis, 

ilk dois their God milknaw. 




Their greit extortion, and plaine oppreffion, 
Afccndis in the aire. 
Without God puneis their crucll vice. 
This warld fall all forfair^ 

The theif Judas did greit trefpas^ 
That Chrift for filver fald : 
But Preifts will take, and his price make. 
For les be niony fald. 

With wrang abfolutions, and deceitful pardon^, 

For lucre to them given : 

Thej blinde us now, and gars us trow. 

Sic will brii>g us till hevin. 

Gif eirdlj pardons might be our falvations. 
Then Chrifl dyit in vaine : 
Gif geir micht buy Gods greit mercy, 
Then fals is the fcripture plaine. 

Syne for our fchoir, he died therefoir. 
And tholit paine for our mis : 
Is nane but he ^hat may furelie 
Bring us to hevins blis. 

Ilien be na way, fee that ye pray^ 
To Peter, James, nor Johhe : 
Nor yit to Paull, to fave your faul]. 
For power have they none. 

Saif Chrifl onlie that died on trie. 
He may baith lowfe and bind^ 
la uthers mo gif ye traill fo, 
pn yow blawes cald the wiiide. 

Now fee ye pray baith night and day, 
To Chrift that bought us deir ; 
For on the rude he fhed his bludc, 
To faif our faulls but weir. 




Jr REisTis Chrift bclcve, 
And only traift into his blude. 
And nocht into your warkis gude^ 
As plainly PauU can prcve. 

Preiftis learne to preich. 
And put away your ignorance ; 
Praife only God^ his word avancc. 
And Chriflis pepill teich. 

JPreiftis cut yoiir gbune. 
Your nukit bonet put away. 
And cut your tippit into tway. 
Go preich from toune to toune* 

preiftis take your ftaffe 
And preich the Evangell on your feit^ 
And let on fandellis full meit^ 
But caft your pantons of. 

Preiftis keip no gold. 

Silver nor icunye in your purs, / 

Nor yit twa cotes with you turs^ 

Bot ftioone to k^if) fra cold. 

Preiftis thole to preich, 
Sen ye your felf can preich na thing, 
Or we your brawling downe lal} brin^ 
And na mair with you fleech* 

V«L. III. li iPreiftis 


Preiilis take na teind, 
Except the word of God ye ihaw. 
Thocht je alledge joar ufe and law, 
It is nocht as je weind. 

Preiftis take na kyis, 
The umoft claith je fall quite^claime 
Fra fax pure baimis with their dame, 
A vengeance on you cryis. 

Preiftis burne na ma. 
Of wrang delation ye may hyrc. 
And fals witnes na mair inquire. 
And let abjuring ga. 

Preiftis all and fum " 

Suld call ane counfell generally 
And dtes all thingis fpirituall. 
But there they will nocht cum. 

Preiftis read and write. 
And your falfe common lawes let bee, 
Quhair Paipis contratre fcripture lie, 
And contrair DoAoures write : n 

Preiftis prydc yow nocht, 
Quhat your counfels does conclude, 
Contrair the write and Chriftis blude, 
The quhilk fo deir us bocht* 

Preiftis curfe no more, 
And not your heartes indure, 
Bot on your flockes take ciixe. 
Or God fall curfe ybw fore. 

Preiftis leve your pryde. 
Your fcarlat and yoiir velvate foft, 
Your horfe and mulia coftly coft^ 
And jack-men be your fyde. n 



^eeN MARr, 1541— 1567. 251 

Preiftis fobcr bee. 

And fecht not, nouther boift nor fcboir, 
Mifreule the realme and court no moir. 
And to jour kitkis flee. 

FreifUs mend your life, 
And leif your foull fenfualitie, 
And vjld ftinkaad chaftitie. 
And like ane take ane wife. 

Preiftis pray no more. 
To Sand Anthone to fave your fow. 
Nor to Szu£t Bride to keipe your cow. 
That greives God right fore. 

Preiftis worfchip God, 
And put away imagerie, 
ITour pardons and fraternitie. 
To hell the way and rod. 

Preiftis fell no meire, 

Bot minifter that fsu:rameQt, 

As Chrift in the New Teftament, 

Commandit yow ezprefle. 

Preiftis put away 
Your paintit fire of purgatrie. 
The ground of your idplatrie, 
It is neir domefe-day. 

Preiftis change your tune» 
And fing into your mother tung, 
Inglis pfames and ye impung, 
TTe dyne aftemoone. 

Preiftis prief yow men. 
And now defend your libertie, 
For France and for your dignitie, 
Te brak the peace ye ken* 


/ * 



Preiftis now coniefk, 
1H[ow ye fo lang did us begyle^ 
With many halj beliie wyk. 
To live in idilnelTe. 

I yow exhort. 
Your office to doe perfite. 
For I fay nothing in difpite, 
Sa God mot me fupport. 

lo Piers PloHgbmam Craie^ written about A. D. Z380, a ftU9t is tlkOtf 
reprefented wheedling a man out of his money, on pretence of kuikl^ 
sng a church ; - ' »' 

We haven forfaken the world, and io wo liveth, 

In penaunce and povene, and preche^h the puple 

By eofample of our liif, fouiia to heipen. 

And in poverte preien for ail our parteneres 

That gy veth ud any good, God to hououren, 

Other bel, other book, or bred to our foode^ 

Other cattd, other cloth, to covercn with our bones^ 

Moneye, other money woith here mede is in hevcn. ■ ■* 

For raighteftou ameoden us with moneye of thyowen. 

Thou chouldeft kncl bifore ChciA, in compas of gold» 

In the wyde window weftward, wel neigh in the mydel. 

And St. Francis himfelf {hall fold the in his copc^ 

And prefent the to the Tirtnite, and pray for thy fyones.; 

Thy name (hall noblich ben wry ten and wrought for tj^e nonei^ 

And in remembrance of the yVaid there fpr ever. 



Wi^i probably^ No, IX. in Forbes's Songs, Aberdc^n^ 




IMEMBER man, remember man^ 
That I thy faull from Sathan wan : 
And hes done for thee quhat I can^ 
Thow art full deir to me. 
Is, was, nor fall be none, 
That may thee fave but I allon^ 
Onely therefore beleive me on. 
And thow fall neuer di^. 

Wolves, quhom of mj EvangeHfles write^ 
And PauU and Peter did of dite, 
Allace, have yow deceived quite, 
"With falfe hjpocrifie. 
My New Teftament plaine and gude. 
For quhilk I flied my precious blude^ 
With crewal fuffering, on the rude^ 
They hald for hereiie ; 


And hes fet up their falfe doctrine 
For covetice infteid of mine. 
With fire and fword defendes it fyne^ 
Contrare my word and mee. 
The Aritiehrift is cumit hot dout. 
And hes yow trapped round about ; 
Foorth of his girne therefore come out^ 
ptii ye wald fayed bee. 



" ,• KIT 


His pilgrimage and purgatrie. 

His worfchiping of imageric. 

His pardouns and fratemitie. 

With zeill and good intent : 

The quhilfperit finnes callit th* Eir-confeffioun, 

With his Prieftes mumblit abfolutioun^ 

And monj othei falfe abufiouni 

The Paip hcs done invent. 

With meffis fauld be Pxieft and Fieir 

For land and money wonder deir, 

Quhilk is the ground-ftone of their queir. 

And rute of all their prjde. 

His Pater-nofter bocht and fauld. 

His numered Aveis and Pfalmes tald, 

Quhilk^ my New Teftament nor mj Auld^ \ 

On no wayes can abide. 

Their ha^Ij Mi|tines fall they patter. 
They give yow breid, ai^d felles yow water. 
His curfinges on yow als they clatter, 
Thocht they can hurt yow nocht. 
Gif ye will give thpna caip or bell, 
The cling thereof they will yow fell, 
Suppofe the faull fuld go to hell. 
They get nathing unbocht. 


They fell yow als the Sacramentis fevin. 

They micht have made als weill ellevin : / 

Few, or mony, od or evin. 

Your purfes for to pyke- 

Wa^d they let hot twa u6t be. 

Of Baptifme and of my bodie. 

As they wer inflitute be me. 

Men wald them better like. 



QJ7JEEN MARY, I542 IJC7. i$^j 


ige is an bleffed band, 
Ik 1 gave men in mj command, 
eepe, but they my word withftand. 
Sacrament it maid. 

the other Sacramentes fjrve, 
Salvatioun they afcryve, ^ 

I my trcw faith jrow for to dryve, 
line to make my deid. 

r trifles all are made by men, 
ilk my Gofpell did never ken, 
law and my commandements ten 
f hyd from mens eine : 
New Teftament they wald keep downe, 
ilk fuld be preached from towne to towne, 
fe it wald cut their lang tail it gowne, 

fliaw their lyve uncleine. 

now they are with dolour pinde, 

like to rage out of their minde, 
lufe from them we are inclinde, 
. will no lefings heir, 
refore they make fo greit uproir, 
trare the ftocke of Chriftis ftoir, ^ 

srmit or they will give it ouer, 
fecht all into feir. 

bald yow at my Teftment faft, 
I be no quhite of them agaft^ 

I fall bring downe at the laft, 
;ir pride and cruelties 
rn cleirly fall my word be fhawnc, 
i their falfet fall be knawne, 
It they into all landes have fawne, 
their idolatrie. 




And ye fall live in reft and peace, 
Inftrufted with my word of grace^ 
For I the Antichrifl deface 
Sail, and true preachers fend. 
Repent your finne witlr all your here^ 
And with true faith to me convert. 
And hevinlie glore fjll be your part. 
With me to bruke but end. 

We pray thee Chrift Jefua our Loi^d^ 
Conforme our lyvis to thy word. 
That we may live with ane accord^ 
In perfitc charitie. 
And forgive us our finfulnefle, 
And cleith us with thy righteoufneffe^ 
Of thy favour and gentilnefle^ 
We pray thee that fo be. 

The vcrfc» in « Forbes's CoUcAion" arc quite in the dcvont ftjrl«'^ 
The feCond (brain of che'mvfic defer ves attention, irom its ftriking te^ 
fcmblance to, or rather identity with, the fame part of the favourite 
Air, God Save the King. See Edin. Voc. Mag. Vol. I. Song VlH. 

St. 6. 1. 1. " The word « hag" is here omitted, it being difficult t» 
conjedlare the meaning of <* haly hag." Perhaps it has been origio^/ 
written, fomewhat in the Anglo Saxon form, halyeB for holy, it furelf 
can have no reference to the Matines of Our Lady, who io ibctc go^v 
ballads is repeatedly mentioned with the higheft refpe^. 



Tune ^ The hunt is up^ The hunt is uf. 
And now it is almofi day ; 
And he thai^s in bed with another man^s wy/e, 
Jfs time to get awayP 

W ITH hontis up, with hunti% up. 
It 18 now perfite day : 
J^8 our King is gane in hunting, 
Quha lykes to fpeid they noty. 

Ane curfit fox lay hid in rox 
This lang and mony ane day. 
Devouring fcheip ; quhyle he micht creip, 
Nane micht hino fchape away. 

It did him gude to laip the blude 
Of yung and tendir lammis : 
IXzue, could him mis, for all was his, - 
The yung anis with thair dammis. 

The hunter is Cbrift, that huntis in haift. 
The hundis are Peter and Paul : 
The Paip is the fox, Rome is the rojp, 
That rubbis us on the gall. 

That cruell beifii he never ceift 
Be his ufurpit powr. 
Under difpence to get our pence. 
Our faullis tp devoure. 

Quha could devyfe fie merchandyfe, 
As he had there to fell, 
Unles it wer proud Lucifer, 
The grit mailer of hell. 

He had ta fell the Tantonie bell. 
And pardons therein was ; 
Remiffioun of finnis in auld fcheip Ikinnif, 
Or fauls to bring from grace. 
Vol. hi. K k With 



With buls of Jeidy quhite wax and reid. 
And uther qahiles with grene, 
Clofit in ane box, this uiit the fox ; 
Sic peltrie was never fene. 

With difpenfations and obligations^ 
According to his law : 
He wald difpence for mcney from hence*, 
With them he never faw. » 

To CUPS and ban the fempill poore man. 
That had nocht to flee the paine : 
Bot quhen he had payt all to ane mjte, 
He mon be abfolvit thsn. 

To Turn, God wot, he gave tot quot, 
And uther fum pluralitie. 
Bot iirft with pence he mon difpence. 
Or els it will nocht be. 

Kings to marie, and fum to tarie. 

Sic is his power and micht ; 

Quha that hes gold, with him will be bold, 

Thocht contrair to all richt. ' 

p bliflit Peter, the fox is ane lier. 
Thou knawis weill it is nocht fa, 
Quhill at the laft, he fall be downe call. 
His peltrie pardons and a'. 


The original fong was compofed by one " Gray," in the reijrn of 
Henry VIII. , 

St. 7. «* Tantonie bell " St. Anthony *» bell. Durardusy In his J^Iiuat 
of divine fervice^ fayth that " bels be of fuche vertuc, that when they be 
rouog they prcfcrve the frutes cf the earth ; they kepc both the mmdrs 
and the bodies of the faithful from al daunger, and put to flight 
the hoftcs of our cnemyes. They drive away alfo all wicked fpirjtv and " 
devills ; for (fayth he) the devilU are wonderfully afraydc when they 
hear the trompettcs of the church milltaunr, and immediately trudge ♦- 


r •' 


X HE Paipy that Pagane f"ull of pryde^ 
He hes us blindit lang : 
For quhair the blind the blind dois gyde, 
Na wonder baith ga wrang ; 
Lykc Prince and King he led the ring. 
Of all iniquitie. 
Hay trix, trinoi go trix^ under the grene*wod trie; , 


Sot his abhominatioun, 

The Lord hes brocht to licht ; 

flis Popifche pryde and thrinfald croun, 

Almaifl hes loft thair micht : 

His plak pardounis ar bot lurdounis 

Of new found vanitie. 

Hay trix, trim, &c. 

His Cardinallis hes caus to mumCj 
His Bifchoppis borne a back : 
His Abbotis gat an uncouth turne, 
Quhen fchavellingis went to fack. 
With burges wyfis they led thair lyvis; 
And fure better nor we. 

Hay trix, trim, &c. 


His Carmelites and Jacobinis, 

His Do^inikes liad great do j^ • 

His Gordeileiris and Auguftinis, 





Sana Francis ordour to, x 

The filly Freiris mony yeiris. 
With babling blei^it our ee. 

Hay trix, trim, &c. 

The Sifters Gray before this day. 
Did crune within thair clofter ; 
Thay feeit ane Freir, thair keyis to beir. 
The feind reffave the fofter; 
Syne in the mirk he Weill culd wirk^ 
And kittil them wantonlie. 

Hay ttixy trim, &c. 


The blind Bifchop he ct»ld nocht pteich. 

For playing with the laffis. 

The fyllie Freir bchuifit to fleich. 

For almous that he ailis. 

The Carat his creid, he ctdd nocht teid, 

Schame fall the companie. 

Hay trix, trim, &c. 

The Bifchop wald nocht wed ane wyfb ; 
The Abbot nocht perfew ane, 
Thinkand it was ane loftie lile^ 
Ilk day to have ane new ane ; 
In every place an uncottlh face, 
His luft to fatisfie. 

Hay trix, trim, &c. 


The Perfottn wald nocht have an hnre, 
Bot t^wa and thay wer bony. 
The Viccar als thocht he was pure, 
Behuifit to have as mony. ^ . 

The pareis JPreift, that brutall beift, 
He poKt thame wantonlie* 
Hay trix, trim, &c. 


tyJEEN MARY, I542 — 1567. 261 


Of Scotland Well, the Freirs of Faill, 

The limmery lang hes laftit. 

The Monkis of Metros made gude kaill 

On Fridayis quhen thaj faftit. 

The feily Nunnis keift up thair bunnis. 

And heifit thair hippis on hie. 

Hay trix, trim, &c. 

Of late I faw thir limmers (land. 
Like mad men at mifchief, 
Thinkand to get the upper hand, 
Thay luke after relief. 
Bot all in vaine, ga tell them plaine. 
That day will never be. 

Hay trix, trim, &c. 

O Jcfu, gif thay thocht grit glie. 
To fee Goddis word doune fmorit. 
The Congregation made to flie, 
Hypocrifie reftorit, 
"With meffis fung, and bellis rung, 
To thair idolatrie, 

Mary God thank yow, we fall gar brank yow. 
Before that time trewlie. 

St. 3 . ]. 4. « Quhen fchavelingis went to fack^fvhen the rarcaHj ' 
mob, as Knox calls them, proceeded to pull down the religious houfies 
(in 1559.) Thofe of Scotland-Welt in Kinrofs-ihirc, and Faill, (Faile- 
fuid in Ajrr.fliire ?) mentioned in St. 9. were pethaps among the drft 
that ruffered. I fufpedt the two firft words of S(. 10. were originally 
-^ At Leith/* the fucceeding lines Teeming to allude to the (hameful 
£ight of the Congregation to Stirling in Nov. T559, and the confi^qucfit 
xe-eftabli(hment of the Romiih worihip in Edinburgh and other places 
that favoured the Queen Dowager** party. 




l\.NAw ye not God omnipotent. 
He creat man and maid him fre, 
Quhill he brak his commandement^ 
And eit of the forbiddin tre. 
Had not that bliiGt bairne bene borae^ 

Sin to redres, 
Lowreis your lyves had bene forlornc. 

For all your Mes. 

Sen we war all to fin made fure^ 
Throw Adamis inobedience^ 
Saif Chrifl there was na creature 
Maid facrifice for our offence. 
There is tia Sandt may faif your faull 

Fra ye tranfgres, 
Suppois Sand Peter and'Sanft Paul! 

Had baith faid Mes. 


Knawing there is na Chrill bot ane, 
Quhilk rent was on the rude with roddi^, 
Quhy geVe ye glore to flock and flane. 
In worfchipping of uther Goddis : 
Thir idolis that on alters flandis, 

Ar fenyeitnes : 
Ye gat not God itmang your hand is/ 

Mumling your Mes. 



OPEEK MAUr, 1542—1567. 163 


i^nd fen na Sanft jour faull maj faif. 
Perchance ye will fpeir at me than. 
How may the Paip thir pardbuiiis haif. 
With power haith of beift and man. 
Throw nathing hot ane fenyeit faith 

For halynes : 
Inventit wayis to get them graith, 
Lyke as the Mes. 

Of mariage you maid you quyte. 
Thinking it thraldome to refraine : 
Wanting' of wyfisis appetyte. 
That courage micht incres againe. 
Thay hony lippis ye did perfew, ' , 

Grew gall I ges. 
Thinking it was contrition trew. 
To dance ane Mes* 

Gif God was maid of bittis of breid, 
Eit ye not oukely fax or fevin. 
As it had bene ane mortall feid^ 
Quhill ye had almaift heryit hevin ? 
Als mony devils ye moii devoir 

Quhill hell grow les. 
Or doutleswe dar nocht relloir 
Yow to your Mes. 

Gif God be tranfubftantiall 
In breid with hoc eji corpus meum, 
Quhy are ye fa unnaturall 
To take him in your teeth and fla him ? 
Tripairtit and devydit him 

At your dum drefle, 

Bot God knawis how ye gydit him, 

Mumling your Mes. 




Ye partit with dame Poverty, 
Tuke Property to be your wyfc, 
Fra Charity and Cbadity, 
With Lechery yc led your lyfc. 
That laifit the mother of mifchief 

Your Gredines, 
Beleiving ay to get lelief 

For faying Mes. 


O wickit vaine venerienis^ 

Ye are nocht SanAs, thoch ye feme huly^ 

Proud poyfonit £picurieni$, 

Quhilk had na God but your awin belly* 

Beleve ye lounis the Lord allowis 

Your idlenes ? 
tang or the fweet cum ouer your browh. 

For faying Mes. 


Had not your felf begun the weiris, 
Your ftepills had bene ftandand yit ; 
It was the flattering of your Freiris, 
That ever gart SanA Francis flit. 
Ye grew farfuperftitious 

In wickitnes, 
It gart us grow malicious 

Contrair your Mes. 

Your Bifchopis are degenerate, 
Thocht they be mountit upon miilis, 
With huredome clene effeminate : 
And Freiris oftymes previa fules, 
For Duftifit and Bob-at-evin, 

Do fa incres, 
Hes driven fum of them to tein, 

For all their Mes. 


QJJEEN MARY, I542 1567. i6S 

Chrift keip faithful Chriftiens 
From perverft pryde and Papiftrle : 
God grant th^me trew intelligens 
Of his law, word, and vcritie : 
God grant they may their lyfe amende 

Syne blis pofies. 
Throw ftith on Chrift ill that depend. 

And nocht on Mes« 

Syn Mes is nathing ds to fay, 
Bot ane wickit inyentioun^ 
Without authority or Hay 
Of fcripture, or foundation 
Gif Kings wald Mes to Rome hence dryve 

With haiftines, 
Suld be the meane to have belyve 

An end of Mes* 

St. 7. The author might as well have avoided this ihdeeeftt manner 
bi treating the " holy houfel/* as it was termed by our Saxon forefa. 
thers, who, by the by, feem not to have been quite orthodox in the ar* 
tide of tranfubftantiation :^** Certainly (fays one of their preachers) 
this hnfell that now beith hallowed at God's altar, is only a taknung 
of Chriflis lichama (body) that be for us ofiVode, and of bis blode that 
he for us (bed, 8cc.'* 

Vol. III. LI ' OF 


KJr the fals f jrq of Purg^toti9» 
Is nocht left in ane fpooke : 
Thairfor fajes Gedoe, W^yU me. 
Gone is Preift^^reir, and Monli^e! 

The reik fa wounder deir thay foldey 
For money, gold, and landis, 
Quhill halfe the riches on the molde^ 
Is feafit in thair handis. 

They knew nathing but covetice. 
And luve of paramouris, 
And let %he faulis burne and bis. 
Of all their foundatouris, 

-For Corps^refence they wald fing j 
For riches fiocken the fyre ; 
Bot all pure folk that had na things 
Was ikaldit bane and lyre. 

Tit fat they heich in Parlement, 
Lyke Lordis of grit renowne, 
Quhill now that the New Teftament, 
Hes it and thame brocht downe. 

And thocht they fuffe at it, and blaw 
Ay quhill thair bellies ryve, 
Th« mair they blaw, full weil they knaw. 
The mair it does mifthryve. 




jnLw my hcrt ! this is my feog. 
With doable mirth aod joy amang, 
Sa blyth as bird my God to fing} 
CHaih hes my hcrt ay. 

Quha hes my hert but hiivins king^ 
QGfailk eattfis me for joy to fing^ 
Qj^hdm that I lafe attour aU thiog I 
Chrift hes my hert ay. 

He U Mt, (bhtt, and bening, 
iSweity meik, and gentle in all thing, 
Maift wortbyeft to have lotting 3 
Ghtift hci my hert ay. 

For us that bliffic baime was borne, 
Fdt us he was baith rent and tome, 
^or us he was crounit with thorne ; 
Chrift hes my hert ay. 

For us he fched his precious blude, 
For us he was nailit on the rude. 
For us hc^mony batell fiude ; 
Chrift hes my hert ay. 

Nixt him to lufe his Mother fair 
With ftedfaft hert for evermair ; 
Scho bare the birth fred us fra cair^ 
Chrift hes my hert ay. 

We pray to God that fittis above, 
Fra him let neuer our hert remove, 
Nor for no fudden worldlie love. 
Chrift hes my hert ay. 



• V 


He is the love of lovers all. 
He cucnmis, on him quhen we call ; 
for us he drank the hitter gall ^ 
Chrift hes my hert ay. 

Few readers need to be informed that the practice of cranflating th< 
pfalms of David and other parts of Scripture into rhyme, for the pur- 
pofe of being fung, began about this time to prevail in various parts of 
£urope. Flanders fecms to have led the wa/ in 1540 ; and the exam- 
ple was immediately followed in France by Clement Marot, who in 
1542 publiihed thirty pfalms in French metre, and twenty more in the 
following year. At firft they were fung to the airs of popular ballads, 
and were fo much admired at the Court of Francis the Firft, that every 
X.ady had her favourite pfalm, in the fame manner as ihey now have 
minuets and contrey dances. J. Calvin, who at that tin^e wasprojeding 
a new form of worfliip, availed himfelf of this prevailing rage, aod a- 
dopted Maiot*s pfalms, fitted, however, with folemn mufic, as an ap- 
pendix CO the Catechifm of Geneva 1553. Upon the return of John 
Knox from Geneva to Scotland in 1555, we may prefume that he was 
inftrufted to introduce the fame pradice among his countrymen^— 
Wedderburne, the Clement Marot of Sccthnd, did not, however, con- 
fine his genius to the pfalms of David, Lord's prayer, Creed, and Ten 
Commands, but attempted to foar aloft in orieinal compofition, afTum- 
ing probably for the model of his ftylc, ** The Canticles of Solomon 
done into Eoglifh Meeter 1549." How far he fucceeded, the Reader 
tvill be enabled to judge from this and the (uccceding fpecimenst 


une, it would feem^ of 

Wha is at mt chamber dore ? 
O WIDOW ar ye wauking* 

is at my windo, quho^ quho, 
•m my windo, goe, goe. 
allis there, fo lyke ane ftrangere, 
>m vaj windo, goe, goe. 

am heir ane wratchit mortal, 
r thy mercie dois crie and call \ 
le, my Lord celeftiall, 
o is at my windo, quho, quho* 

aris thow for mercie crie, 
in finne as thow dois lye y 
to have thow art not worthie, 
)m my windo, goe. 

tt, glide Lord, I will refufe^ 
e wicked life that I did ufe ; 
nd thy mercie fall be my excufe, 
o is at my windo, quho, 

excufit thow wald richt faine, 
ding of thy lyfe invaine, 
\ my gofpell in gteit difdaine, 
om my windo, goe. 

3, 1 have ofFendit the, 
thereof there can nane be ; 
followit thame that fa teichit me, 
o is at my windo, quho. 

call thd nocht fra my doofe I wis, 
L ftranger that unknawin is ; 
art my brothir, and vssj will it is 
ciy doore that thou goe. 





With richt humble hert. Lord, I th6 pray, 
Thy comfort and grace obtaine I may ; 
Schaw me the path afld f eady way 
In at tby doore for to goe. 

I am chief gyde to rich and poore, 
Shawand the pathway richt to my doore ; 
I am their comfort iit every hoare. 
That in at my doore will go. 

But thay that walk ane other way. 
As mony did teich them from day to day. 
They war indurit, my gofpell did fay. 
And far from my door fall goo. 

O Gracious Lord, comfort of all wicht ! 
For thy greit power and cheif excelling micht, 
Sen thow art gyde and very light. 
In at thy doore let me goe. 

Man, I gave the nocht free will. 
That thow fuld my gofpell fpill ; 
Thou dois na gude, but evir ill, 
Tbairfore from my doore that thou goe* 

That will, alace, hes me begylit. 
That will fa farre hes me defylit. 
That will thy prefence hes me exylit > 
In at thy doore let me goe« 

To blame that will thow does not richt, 
^I gaif thee reffoun quhereby thou mich^ 
Have knawin the day be the dark night. 
In at my doore to goe. 

O Lord, I pray th6 with all my hart, 
Of thy greit mcrcic remufe mj fmart ; 
Let ane <lrop of thy grace be my part, 
That in at thy doore I may goe. 

I ha\ 


<U7££M MART, I542— 1567. 27I 

) fpoken in my fcripture, 
the deid of na creatui'e ; 
will aik mercie fall be fare 
mj doore for to goe. 

:dy quhais mercy is but end, 
rein pcht to th6 I did offend, 
t me fpace my life to amend, 
in at thy doore I may go« 

smber thy fin, and als thy fmart, 
als for th6 quhat was my part ; 
jmber the fpeir that thirlit my hart, 
in at my doore thou fall goe. 

it war fit to do againe, 

er as thow fuld lye in paine. 

Id fuffer mair in certaine, 

: in at my doore thou may goe. 

na thing of th^, thairfore, 
lufe for life to ly in ftorc ; 
I me thy hart, I afk no more, 

in at my doore thou fall goe. 

raciou3 Lord celeftiall, 
how art Lord and King etemall, 
ttt us grace that we may enter all, 
in at thy doore let me goe. 

10 is at my windo, quho, 
fra my windo, go ; 
no more there like ane ftrangere, 
in at my doore thou goe. 




X OR our gude-man Jn hevin docs ring^ 
In glore and bliffe without ending ; 
Quhere angels fingis ever Ofan, 
In laude and praife of our gude*inan* 

Our gude-man defjris thr6 thingis, 
Ane hart quhere fra contrition fpringisy 
Syne love him beft our fauls that wan, 
Quhen we wer loft fra our gude-man. 

And our gude-man that euer was kind, 
Requyres of us ane faithfull mind, 
Syne cheritable be with every clan. 
For luve onlie of our gude-man. 

Yit our gude-man requyres more, 
To give no creature his glore ; 
And gif we doe, doe quhat we can. 
We fall be loft 'fra our gude-man. 

Adamc, our fore- father that was, 
Hes loft us all for his trefpas ; . 
Quhais brukle banes we may fair ban. 
That gart us lofe our awne gude-man. 

And our gude-man he promeift fure, . 
To everie faithfull creature. 
His gfeit mercie that ^ow or than 
Will call for grace at our gude-man. , 

Yet our gude-ipan, gracious and gude,^ 
For our falvation flied his blude 
Upon the croce, quhere there began 
The mercifulnefle of our gude-man. 



<^EEN MARY, 154a — 1567. 

This is the blade did us refrefh. 
This is the blade that mull us waih. 
That blade that fr(Hn his hart farth ran, 
Maid us free aires till our gude-man. 

Now let us pray baith day and hour. 
Till Chrift our onely Mediatour, 
Till fave on the day that quhe^ 
We fall be judged be our giidetmaQ. 


TT*^^^^j^y^ ? 

Whoerer will compare tbi« with the common fbng, " Tou*U never be 
iih my amid gude^manl^ begioQiiig witJl ** Late in 4« enf*iwgfurU> I W4^/* 
maft be faciflfied that the pro£uie bjallgdi or p^^t of it, was in essence 
at the time this fanatic parody was comp.ofed ; .and that the mufic, in 
all probability, was the fame fimple beaatiful air to ^ich it continues 
to be fung at this day. That fac];t 9 ftrange burden could be ^umed 
in an original deroat hymn, without having any leCcrence to a fimilar 
burden in a profane fong, is utterljr incredible. 

Vol-. HI. 




^±Y lufe murnis for me, for me/ 
My lufe that murnis for me ; 
I am not kinde, hes not in minde 
My lufe that murnis for me. 

Quha is my lufe but God abuve, 
Quhilk all the warld hes wrocht ; 
The King of bliiTe my lufe he is. 
Full deir he bes me bocht. 

His precious blude he fched on rude, 
*fhat was to make us fre ; 
This fall I prove by Goddis love^ 
That my lufe murnis for me. 

This my lufe came from abuve. 
And borne was of ane maid. 
For to fulfill his father's will. 
Till fill f urth that he faid. 

Man ! have in minde, and thou be kin^e. 
Thy lufe that mumis for thee. 
Now he on rude that fched his blude. 
From Sathan to make us free. 

There is fome appearance that the bint has here been taken irom 

<* He's low doun, he*s in the broom 
•« That's waiting for me, 6cc.** 

One fong, or rather apparently two, with a bnrd^n fomewhal of tniJ 
iort, being mcntioncii in the ♦♦ Complaint of Scotland 1549 . 


To the original air^ doubtlefs, of ^ 

. Leave thee, leave thbe^ 
Pll never leave thee 5 

the modern mufic of which isprohahly a little corruptee!. 

J\vf my love ! leif mc noti 
X»eif me not, leif me not. 
Aw ! my love leif me not^ 
Thus mine alone. 

"With ane l^urding on, my bak^ 
I may not beir it, I am fo waik ; 
Love ! this burding from me tak^ 
Or elfe I am gone. 

With finnes I am laden fair, 
Leif me not, leif me not. 
With finnes I am laden fair, 
Leif me not allone. 

I pray the Lord, therefore, 
Keip not my JSnnes in ftorc, 
Lowfe me or I be forlorne^ 
And heif hiJI mone. 

With thy handis thow hcs me wrocht, 
Leif me not, leif me not. 
With thy handis thow hes me wrocht, 
Leif me not allone. 

I was fauld, and thow me bocht. 
With thy blude thow hcs jtnecoft. 
Now I am bidder fbcht, 
Xo thee Lord allone. 




I cry and I call ^o tbee^ 
To leif me not, leif me not, 
I cry and I <^ to tfaieef 
To leif me not allone. 

All thej that laden be, 
Thow biddes tbame cum to they , 
Then fall they *«vk be. 
Throw thy mercie allone. 

Thow faves all the penitent. 
And leifs them not, leifs them noty 
Thow faves all the penitent. 
And leifs them not allone. 

All that will their finnes repent, 
Nane of them fall be fpent, 
Suppofe the bow be ready bent. 
Of them thow killes none. 

Faith, Hope, and Gharitie, 
Leif me not, leif me not. 
Faith, Hope, and Gharitie,' 
Leif me not allone. 

1 pray the Lord, grant to me 
Thir godly giftis three. 
Then fall I favit bej 
Dout have 1 none. 

To th6, Father, be all glore. 
That leifs us not, leifs us not, 
Tb th^. Father, be all glore. 
That leifs us not allone. 

Sonne and Haly Ghoft, evermore/ 
As it was of before. 
Throw Chrift our Saviour, 
We are all faif every one. 



To the corhmon Tune. 

Johne cum hifs me noWf 
yobne.cum hifs me now, 
Johne cum hifs me by and hy^ 
And mah no more adow. 

The Lord thy God I am. 
That Johne dois thee call, 
[Johne reprefentis man 
Bj grace celeftiall ; 

For Johne Goddis grace it is,' . 

Quha lift till eitpone the fame j 

Johne thow did amifs, 
Quhen that thow loft this name. J 

Hevin and eirth of noucht 

1 maid them for thy fake. 
For evermore I thoucht. 
To my likenefs thee make. 

In Paradice I plant! t thee^ 
And maid th6 Lord of all 
My creatures, not forbidding thee 
N^athing but ane of all. 

Thus wald thow not obey. 
Nor yit follow my will, 
Bot did caft thyfclfe away, 
And thy pofteritie fpill. 

My juftice condemned thee 
To everlafting paine, 
Kan culd na retnedie 
To buy man free agatne. 

O pure 



pure life and mere mercie. 
Mine awin Sonne downe I fend, 

God become man for thee, 

, • • • 

For thy fin his life did fpend. 

Thj atohement and peace to make, 
He fched his blude maift haly. 
Suffering death for thj faik, 
Quhat culd he do more for thee ? 

Thus quhen thow was in dangerous race^ 

Ready to fink in hell. 

Of my mercie and fpeciall ^race, 

1 fend thee my gofpelL 

My prophites call, my preachers cry, 
Johne cum kifs me now, 
Johne cum kifs me by and by. 
And mak no more adow. 

Ane fpreit I am incorporat, 

No mortallis eye can fee. 

Yet my word does intimat, 

Johne how thow muft kifs me now. 

Repent thy finne unfeinyeitlie, 
Beleve my promife in Chriftis death. 
This kifs of faith will juftifie thee. 
As my fcripture plainlie faith. 

Make no delay, cum by and by, 
(^hen that I do thee call, 
v^Leilt do ftrike thee fuddenly. 
And fo cum nocht at alL 

A few niore of thcfc fanatical rhapfodies fcem evidently wrlttei^ 
the muGc of Tongs which at that time muft^have been popular, alcho^ 
now either unknown, or not afcertainablc, by the few lines prefer^ 
in the parodie?. ^ 


<ijjEEN mart; 1542-^1567. ^79 

"^here is, however^ good reafon to fuppoTe that the following was 
^ to Gramaebree, of fomethiog very Uke it. See Edin. Vo^ Mag. 
. II. Song XXVHI. 

lotill ane mirthful! May morning, v ' 

Quhen Phebus up did fpring, 

Waking I lay in ane.garding gay, 

Thinkand on Chrift fa frie ; ' > 

Quhilk mcikly for inankind, 

Tholrt to be pynd 

On croce crnellie, La-la, &c^ 

l^nd the following, with fome appearance of truth, is faid to have; 
ci fuDg to the tune of Hey tutti taUi» 

Hay now the day dallis. 
Now Chrift on us caili?. 
Now welth on our wallis 

Appeiris anone : 
Now the word of God ringis, 
Quhilk is king of all kingis, 
Now Chryftis flock fingis 

The nicht is nere gone. 

[?o the tune of Banv lu la la (perhaps the Gaelic Bahou mo lenav) is iang of the birth of Cbrift." 

This day to yow is borne ane childe. 
Of Marie meeke and vtrgine mylde, 
That bliifit barne bening and kynde. 
Sail yow rejoyce baith hart and mynd<. • . • . 

But I AiU prais the evir moir. 
With fangis fucit unto thy gloir. 
The kneis of my hert fall I bow. 
And fing that richt Balu la low, 

fn Mr Ritfon*s Ancient fongs 1790, may be feen the (Englifli) origi- 

^ Gry vous is my forrow 9 
£oth at evin and morrow, 81 ci 



is fubmitted to the reader qs a fpecimen iff WedpW* 
burne's verjlon of the Pfahns. 


/\.T the rivers of Babylon, 
QuLair we dwelt in captivitie, 
Quhen we remembrit on Syon, 
We weipit al full forrowfalie^ 
On the faach tties our barpes we hang, 
Quhen thej requirit us an fang. 
Thej bald us into fie tbraldouae, 
Thej bad us fing fum pfalm or bymmej, 
That we in Syon fang fum tyme. 
To quhome we anfwerit full fune. . 

Nocht may we outher play or fing, 
The Pfalmis of our Lord fa fueit. 
Until ane uncouth land or ring. . 
My richt hand firft fall that forleit. 
Or Jerufalem foryettin be. 
Faft to my chaftis my tung fall be 
Clafpit, or that I it foryet. 
In my maift gladnes and my game^^ 
I fall remember Jerufalem, 
And all my hart upon it fet. 

N.. » •■ 

1 • v^' 


43XEEN MART^ 1542—71567. " 281 


Ij think on the Edomiteis^ 

lej did at Jerufalem. " 

lad deftroy with cruelteis, 

to facke, and it ouerquhelm, 

atchit fall thow be^ Babyloun ! 

effit is that chaInpiou^ 

Tc thi64is thl>w fervit us 1 

! that fall thj baimis plaig, 

fli thair hames againft ane craig, 

vy and full glorious i 

mtnner Wedderbarne cranflatcd alK>ut twenty-one of David's 
bich probably were fnng in the private meetings of the *< Con- 
I of the Lord'* for a few yeari before the eftablifhment of the 
religion, when the verfion of Sternhold and Hopkins was uni. 
dopted in the kirks of Scotland as well as of England, and an 
; it printed in Edinburgh in 1564* At the fame conventicles, 
^ability, were alfo fang fuch of the foregoing ballads as were 
ly to render the eftab1i(hed clergy conumptible and odioas ; a 
Anal method thin which could not have been devifed for fetv- 
arpofes of the reforming party. The others, foch as Our auld 
, John sum kifs me new, &C. undonbtedly belong to the fame 
though it has been allcdged that they were compofed by the 
J with a view of tidicuiing ^be fanatcifm of their adverfaries* 

» III. N n ANfi 

- . ji. 




I -•* 

juLll Chriftin men tak tent and jkr|L 
How faull and body ar atrW^r ; ^ i ; 
Upon this eird'baith lait a2i4^t» < 
Withcniell battell ideii^M^ r ^ 
And ane may nocht ane ^ther ^ie* , 

The flefche faid^ 3fnl ^a^f Ml- 
In will in youth with luftis d^i^^ , 
Or age with forrow me ;s^ill^, ^u ^ 
With joy 1 will my ^incie oueirdjiyy^y) , 
And will not with my luftis,fttyve,r 


The fpirit faid, Thocht I pharge th^inocht, 
^ Dreid God, and have his law in thocht -^^ 

Thow hecht quhen thow 4p font ws^ brpcht,r'i - 
Efter his law luft tQ refraine, . i 

And nocht to wirk his word agane. u 


The flefche faid, I am ftark and wycht. 

To wacht gude wyne, frefchcv cauld and brichtj| 

And tak my plefour day and uicht. 

With finging» playing, and to dance^ 

And ffct on fax and fevin the chance* 


The fpirit faid. Think on the rich man;, 
Quhilk all tyme in his luftis ran ; 
' Body and faull he. l-AlTit than. 
And tyiidc wlv :/ rvu into helU , • 
As Jtfus Chiilt iie;i laid him fell. 

t% - ■ . 




Qj];£EN Mart, X 542— >z 567. 2S3 


efche faid, Quhat hald I of this ? 
aneuch and tjme thair is^ 
for till amend hiy mifle, 
rom my vicious lyfe convert^ 
i fadnes hes ouerfet my hert. 


>irit faid, Power thow hc^ none: 
Lcht nor yit in cild bygone'; 
twinkling of aneqre anone, 
ill the tak at evin or thotne, 
rtayne tyme ferthe befome. 

sfche faid, All t^fe^^^'Mlift/ 
I warldly wyfe ^^/ ^ i> ^ : : - 
uft vertew in thaip'ibii&ilt|'^ 
thame I wiU |)crfi^w my^weird^ 
ig as 1 leve on thii eir^: '- ' ■ ' 

THE sftaiT. 
lirit, Yit fi^H cumthc day' 
uU fall part the bddy fray ; 
juhat fell help ^Hy gdti^e or pky^ 
thow man turnit be in as, 
I in eird quhen thow maid was. 


sfche faid, Thow hes vincuft me^ 
eternall glpir to fe. 
grant that I may cum thairby. 
vill I to my God retu]::ne, 
t my fin richt^ fore I murne. 

THE Spirit. 
>irit, Nane to fchame I dry ve^ 
mtreit he^t help God alyve. 
sfche man die, with pane and ftfyvi, 
was borne to that intent^ 
I with wormes for to be rent. 


« %* 



Tbe flefche faid, O Lord God of peace. 
Help me to turne throw Chriftis grace ! 
O Holy Goft, my faith increffe. 
That I may thole this eirthlie noy. 
My hope is in eternall joy^ 


The fpirit (aid, Now I haif my micht, 
Thoch 1 be ane unworthie knycht. 
Thow God ! the quhilk is onlte richt,' 
Thow faif me from the Devillis net ! 
Thairfore thow on the croce was plet. 


Now hes this ballat heir an end, 
God grant ilk man his hart amend. 
To fin na more, fyne to Chrift wend> 
Than fall he turne agane to us. 
And give us his eternall blys. 

Of the firft introda^ion of finging (the MapnftMt, Te Dtumt ^^) 
into the fervice of the Church, thus writeth B$f9n in his ReUques of Rwu\ 
*^ Pope Vitalian, A, D. 660, being a luftye finger and a freihe coura- 
gious muGtion hymfelf, brought into the Church prickfong, defcant, 
and all kynde of fweete and pleafannt melody'e ; and bjcaufe nothing 
(hould want to delight the Tayne, folyih eares of fantaiUcal men^ he 
joyned the organs to the curious mufike, unto the great lofle of tyme 
and the utter undoing of chriften mans foules." Here muft be a miftake 
vrith refpe<5b to the time, for Auguftine in the fourth century, **■ aiketh 
forgevcDefle of God, bicaufe he had geven more heede, and better eare 
to the finging than to the weighty matter of the holy wordca.'*- Cor- 
nelius Agrippa, A. D. 1530, compares the defcant of the children « to 
the neying of coltes ; the tcnoure, to the bellowing of oz^n ; the couo- 
trrpoynt, to the barking of doggis ; the treble, to the roaring of bullet; 
and the bafe, to the grunting of hogges ; fo that an evil favoured oojfe 
is made, and the matter itfcif is nothing underftanded.*' 



7d the earlier part of this reign belongs " The Sevin 

Seages^ tranjlatit out of prois into Scottis metier f hf 

John "Roll avd, in DaUeitb, with ane moralitie af-- 

ter everie Tale J* iThe original is the noted romance 

^Prince Eraftus ; from the names and manner , pro<-* 

tably compofed by a Greek in the middle ages. In 

early times^ it appears to have been a favourite book^ 

having been tranftated into various^ European langua^ 

ges ; and isjiilt to be found upon the flails under the 

form of a two^penny volume in profe^ intituled. The 

famous hiftory of the Seven Mafters of Rome, to 

which the curious are referred for farther informal 

tion, not one of the verjified Jlories poffefjing a Jingle 

quality to jujlify a re-publication: Of the morality 

of the fable, 'R.oLLAifjy prefents 4is with the following 

f^idiculous explication, by way of preamble. 





X-jRE we procede yet furthermare. 
Of this matter fume^hing will I fchaw, 
Quhat each thing meanis for to declare ; 
The matter better ye will knaw. 





This Emperour tbat leades the law. 
He fignifies a man's perfoun, 
That waiters betwixt winde and waw, 
Into this world aje op an4 doun. 

His Sonne betokens the (bule of man, 
Quhilk in the corps is aje incluife : 
The £mprice fignifies Sathan, 
Qtiho ever open malice muife : 
Th6 feven Dodoups are fcven vertues, 
Fechting con ti are feven deadly fixmes r 
Quhilk that the fillie foule pcrfues, 
Qahen deftrudioun it beginnes. 


The feven dayes this childe is diimbe, 

Of mannis life they are the fpace ; 

For in this world fraiie firft come, v^ :, . 

He never hath perfefl: folace. 

Quhile that God take him in hi$ grace^ 

And forget all this wotldiic luft, 

Then fpeakes he to CrOd face to face, 

Quhen that the devill he hath vihcuft. 


Even fo is of this Emprice tale, 

Tolde for to tempt the Emperour, 
Trowing perfedlie to pre vale ; 

And of this childe t6 be viftour, 

Tels on this tale f6r his pleafour ; 

Of quhilk the Emp^roiir was cont^f. 

As ye fall hear, gude auditour, 

Therefoir to purpofe let us went. 


<-? . 




' >,' I- 


■ n. ■■. 


- 'J, 

' \m 

■ i.'' : ' 




• , •. ' 

y" TI 

T^e time and place o^ coriipofition arc thus xnentioned in the Fp'^ 
logue : / 



^EEN" MARY, I342 — 1567. jS^ 

60 in feven weeks this quair \fzi dene compleit. 
Out of plalne profe, now keiping meters feit : 
Within the fort and towre of Tamtalloun, 
Quhen the Englifli float bcfyde Incbkeitb did flcit, 
Upon the fea in that great burning hieate. 
Both Scottis and IngUfch of Leith lay at the toun, 
With (bharp affiege, and garneift gari(oun. 
On ather fort quhair fundrie loft the fweit, 
That fame tyme I maid this tranflatioun. 


This fpecification feems to point either to 1544 or, I547», after vi^icH 
jthere was no Engliih fleet in the frith of jE^orth until thp beginning of 
winter 1559. 

In the Prologue, he mentions atlother 6f his poetical efibrti, the title 
of which is, ** Anc Trcatife callit tbeCour^efytnuf^ devidit into four 
buikis : Compylit by Johne RoUand in Dalkcithi [printed 1575* 4to.'*J 
It is reported to be no iefs abfurd and pedantic than the Stmn Seagei, 
Tn the fame Prologue he thus celebrates the namts of contemporary 
^coccifli poets, when h^ wrote )xa Court of Venus* 

In Court that tyme was gude Sir David Lyndefay^ 

In vulgare toung he bure the bell that day, 

To mak meter richt cunning and expert ; " 

And Matter 'John BalUnt'tne footh to fay, 

Mak him marrow to David, well we may. 

And for the third. Matter William Ste^art^ 

To mak in Scots h^ knew richt w^H the airt. 

Bifchop Durict fometime of Galloway, 

For his pleafour fometime wald tak thair pali t. 

From this we learn the Chriftian name of one of the two Stewarts. 
^bo flourittied in the reign of James the Fifth. No poetical monument 
of Biftiop Durie fecms to remain, or at letft is known as fuch. The 
Court of Venus was probably written about 1540 ; and if any one were 
inclined to afcribe the Preifts of Feblis to the fame author, I fhould 
think it a difficult taik to controvert his opinion. 

In this metrical verfion qi Prince Erafus^ the whole fourteen ttories 
arc not, throughout, the fame with thofe in the French edition T564> 
^olland^ or perhaps the Englifti proie tranilater, having raken the liber- 
ty of fubttituting the Ephclian matron and f(;verai more in the room of 
fa the r 8 that did not fo well fuit his taftc. 


' r 


I J here given from the Evergreen, where it 
fifms to have been originally puhHJhed. Some diffirenee 
of opinion prevails with refpeB to its an^qHty. IkfiJ 
Finkerton thinks^ ^*from its manner^ it mgb^hav€^een 
written foon after the event in 141 4*'' MrR&£li^jpf^ 
that ** it may^ for any thing that appears either in ^ 
out of it, to the contrary ^ be as old as ihe fy^eemth oen^ 
turyJ*'* Without hejitation^ however, I^toneur tnofismtl^ 
with Lord Hailes, who obferves, that *^ it appears Jo • 
*^ have been at leaft retouched by ^u'^pe mod^ii hand^ 
It does not f peak in the language or in the ver/ification 
of the fifteenth century y and will probiibty bejhumtti 
be as recent as the days ofQween Maty or Jalncsthc 
*< Sixth.** It may be added, that ^he ^' JUmghter^. 
mentioned in the fecond flan%a. mojl prohabty affudttf to 
fome bloody engagement between the Kftglijh tind^ti^ 
Scots. If fo, Under what auid King Heriry did /to 
happen ? No battle anfwers fuch a defcription ixcepttn^ 
that of Flodden in 1 5 13 ; and 1 venture to fay the aiir 
thor meant no other, notwithjlanding the abfurd anach- 
ronifm with which he is chargeable* It mdy alfo adiit^ 
of a quejiion whether ** drums*^ were ufed til the Scot* 
tl/h army fo early as the reign of James tfee Firft^ ^ 
even the regency of the Earl of Arran, when the Com- 
plaint of Scotland was written, Laftlyyfotne old words 
feem grofsly mis^applted in various parts of the poem^ 
particularly " bandounP in the ^th flan%a, I Jhould 
be glad to hear^ however, that an authenticated copy 


fould he produced of the agfiieven of James the Sixth, 
fiutffrom a refped tothe.opmou vfjthofe whf^'arf more 
fompetent judges^ I kere gk^e it ^ioce^ 


f RA£ Dunideir as I cam throuch^ 

Doun bgr the hill of Banochie, 
Abngft' the htods of Garioclv ' 

': Grit pitie was^ to heir and fe 
:^ The^ sojs^ and di4d(^m hermoniej 
l^iat^evtr th^t^i'eirj.^daj did daw^ 

Gryaod the C^^fiodixui hjie, 
Ala»i sdai§^^foAt^e,^ar^ayr• 

I liiArviit tjubat ^e xna);tec ^eint;^ ^ ^ 
ariAUffoIks^w^-jili j^;£igF|r fairy :^ 
f iKifl aocht c^a was faf^or.freind^ 
. Yit quiedj I did me qarry. 

But fen the dajs of auld.Kiiiig Hairj^ 
6ic flauchter was not hard nor fene ; 

And thair I had nae tjme to tair^ 
For bifllnefs in Aberdene. 

Thus as I wal^it on the wajj, 
' To Invcrurj as I went, 
I met a man and bad him llajr, 

Requeifting him to mak me quaint^ 

Of the beginning' 3nd the event. 
That happenit thair at the Harlaw. 

Then he entreited me tak tent, 
And he the truth fould to me fchavr* 

Vol. III. O o IV. 



Grit Donald of the Yl^ did cUdm, 
Untb the lands of Rofs'fum ric^ , 

And to the Governoor he canity 
Them for to haif gif that he mklit* 
Quha faw his intereft was but flicbt. 

And thairfore anfwerit with difdaiii* 


He haftit hame bakh day^ and mcht| 
And fent nae bodward back agrain* 

But Donald richt impatient 

Of that anfwer Duke>Roben ga^f, ^ 
He vowd to God Omnipotent, 

All the hale lands of Ro& to h«dft 

Or ells be graith^ in liis graif^ 
He wald not quat his riofat for noeht^ 

Nor be abufit Ijk aikif : 
That bargin fopld be deirfy bodit. 

Then haiftjlie h^ did cc^iixnislad^' 

That all his weir-men fli|>d[d oom^e^ 
|lk ane well harnifit frae hand^ * 

To meit ancf heir quhat he did meia. 

He waxit wtath, and v6wit tein, 
Sweirahd he wald furprjie^he North, 

Subdew the brugh of A^erdene, 
Mearnsy Angus, and all Fyfe, to Fordi. 


Thus with the weir-men of *the Ylcs,. 

Quha war aj at his Bidding bown, ' ' -- 
With money maid^ with foffs and- wyles j 

Richt far and neir baith up and doun. 

Throw mount and muir, ^rae town to town, 
Alangft the land of Rofs he^ roars, 

And all obe jit zx his bandown, 
Evin frae the North to Suthren flioais. 


J i 


i^iBK mxxr, X54»— x jdy. ^91 


Then all the coUntrie iiien did: je3<^ 

For nae refifl^ns dttrft they mBk, 
iSTor offer battill in thq feiM^ 

Be forfs pf arms Jk>' heir him hak. 

Syne thay rcfolyit f^ and fpak, 
Th^t heft it was for thair behufe^ 

Thay fould hisitior thair phiftain tak^ 
Believing weil he did them^ lufe. 

Then he a proclamation maid> 

All men to meet at Inyem^fs^ , 
Throw Murray Land to mak a raid^ 

Frae Arthurfyre u^to Spey^nefs* 

And further mair^ he fent exptefs^^ 
To fchaw his coll^our^ and enfenyie. 

To all and findry, mair andJe&^ 
Throchout the boundis of Boyn and Enyie* 

And then throw fair SfxatUbogie land^ 

His purpofe was.for to vptirfewy 

And qiihafoevir durft gaindf^di 

That race they ^nld full (airly rew» 

Then he had all his men be trew^ 
And him defend by fbrfs, and flicht^ > 

And promift them T^wacdis anew. 
And mak them men of mekle micht« 

Without refiftans, as he fiCid^ 

Throw all thefe parts he ftoutly paO:^ 
Quhair fum waif wa^» and fum war glaid^ 

But Garioch was all agaft* 

Throw all thefe feilds he fped him faft^ 
For fie a ficht was never fene ; 

And then, forfuith, he laagd at laft 
To fe the Bruch of Aberdene^ 



To hinder this pra*d ^M^pfitb; * 

The ftout and miobitf E#lcf df MaMITi^ 
With all his men in arms di^ryf^,- 

Even frae Curgaff fo Ci^i^fir^y 

And down the fjde orf Dbii' ritdif {iif, 
Angus and Mearns <fid ^tl6xS^efL€ 

To fecht, or DoD ali!) eMl^ fie*^ M^ 
The ryall bruch of Ab6!^nWl> 

And thus the martial "ErW 6i M itHK, 

Marcht with his menr itt ridit ^tiiff 
Befoir the enemie ^^«tt-anli^R^; 

His banner bauldly* did* di(^lay; 

For weil enewch th^ k^ftd thfe tWty^- 
And all their fembknce weil thtf few;- 

Without all dangii*i dr delay. 
Came haiftiij to the Harlaw* 

With him the braif Lcjrd Gi^lVt, 

Of Angus Sherriff pnftdp^. 
The conftabill of gude Dtittde, 

The vanguard led befb^re ffteift all. 

Suppofe in number' they W5lf fittafl, 
Thay firft richt bKldBe fid pnrfffw. 

And maid thairfacs- before them feD, 
Quha then that race did fairly retv. 

And then the worthy Lord I^al^W*, 

The ftrong undoubted Eaird' of JDtC&f4, 
The ftalwart Laird of LaWIust*onF, 

Witfi ilk thair forces all aftd fum. 

Panmuir #ith all his tftetf did ctlm> 
The Provoft of brsiif Aberdiihe, 

With trumpets andwitfr tuick of D^tim, 
Game fchorUy in thair anttour'fciene. -^ 




^ek with the Erie of Maiuv oaflne oBy 

In the rei reward richt-orderlie^ 
Thair enemies to fett Bpon^ 

In awfull mannei; hardilie^ 

Togither vowit to U^^ 9Ad dit^ 
Since they had marchit Kiotijif myb^ 

For to fupprefs the tyrannic 
Of douted Donald of the Yks^ 

But he in number tisn to ane, 

Richt fubtilie alang i\i Fjde, 
With Malcomtofch and fell Af^^clefta, , . 

With all their power at thair fytfef 

Prefumeand on thair ftrenth apd Jg^jdidf 
Without all feir or oay aw, 

Richt bauldlie bat till did abyde. 
Hard by the town of fair H^RLdiWe 


The armies met, the trumpet foundls^ 

The dandring drums alloud did touk^ 
Baith armies byding on the bounds. 

Till ane of them the feild foald bruik. 

Nae help was thairfor, nane wald jouk^ . 
Ferfs was the fecht on ilka fyde. 

And on the ground lay mony a bouk 
Of them that thair did battill byd. 

With doutfuin vifltorie they dealt. 

The bludy battil laftit lang, 
Each man his nibours foifl thair felt ; 

The weakeft aft-tymes gat the wxang. 

Thair was nae mowis thair them amang, 
Naithing was hard but heavy knocks, 

That echo maid^ dulefuU fang, 
Thairto refoundbg fyae the j?Qck«, 




fiat Donald's men tt laft gaif back i 

For thej war all oik of array. 
The Earl of Marris men throw them brak^ 

Purfewing fhairpljr in thair waj, 

Thair enemjs to tak or flay^ 
fie djnt of fotfs to gar them yield, 

Quha war richt blyth to win away, 
And fae for feirdnefs tint the feild.- 

Then Donald fled, and that full faft. 

To mountains heich for all his micht -, 
For he and his war all agaft. 

And ran till they \^ar out of (icht : 

And fae of Rofs he loft his richt, . 
Thocht mony men with him he brocht^ 

Towards the Yles fled day and nicht. 
And all he wan was deirlie bocht. 


This is, quod he, the richt report 

Of all that I did heir and knaw, 
Thocht my difcourfe be fumthing fchort, 

Tak this to be a richt futhe faW. 

Contrairie God and the Kingis law, 
Thair was fpilt mekle Chriftian blude; 

Into the battil of Harlaw ; 
Thii is the fum, fae I conclude, 

But yit a bony quhyl6 abyde^ 

And I fall mak th6 cleirly kert 
' Quhat flauchter vf^i oil ilkay fyde/ 

Of Lowland and of Highland men, 

Quha for thair awin haif evir bene* 
Thefe lazie lowns micht weil be fpaird/ 

Cheflit lykcdeirs into thair dens. 
And gat thair waiges for rcwaird. 



WEEK- MARYi 154*— XS^?* ^95 


Malcomtofli of the clan held cheif, 

Macklean wij;h his grit hauchty heid^ 
With all thairTuccour and releif, 
War dulefullj dung to the deid. 
And now we are freid of thair feid. 
They will not lang to cum again ; 

Thoufands with them without remeid, 
On Donald's fyd that day war flain. 

And on the uther fyde war loft. 
Into the feild that difmal day, 
Chief men of worth, of mekle coft, 
To be lamentit fair for a jr. ,. 
The Lord S^ltoun of Rothemay, 
A man of micht and mekle main]^ 
Grit dolour was for his decay. 
That fae ujihappylie was flain* 

pf the beft men amang them was. 
The gracious gude Lord Ogilvy, 
The Sheriff-Principal of Angus ; 
Renownit for truth and equitie. 
For faith and magnanimitie ; 
Had few fallows in the feild, 

Yit fell by fatall deftinie, 
for he nae ways wad grant to yeild* 

3ir James Scrimgeor of Duddap, Knicht, 

Grit conftabill of fair Dunde, 
Unto the dulefull deith was dicht, 
f ' The Kingis cheif bannerman was he, 
A .valyiant man of chevalrie, 
Quhais predeceffor? wan that place 

At Spey, witl^ gude King William frie, 
Gainft Murray and Macduncans rap?, 


2^6 CHROKicL^. or' scaTacisH fO^MJ^ 

Gude Sir Alexander Irving, 

The much renownit Laird of Dram. 
Nane in his days was bettir fene, 

Quhen they war femblit all and fum. 

To praife him we foald not be dum. 
For valour, firitt, and worthyncfs. 

To end his days he there did cum, 
Qubois ranfom is remeidylefs. 

And thair the Knicht of Lawrifton 

Was flain into his armour fchenoi 
And gude Sir Robert Davidfon, 

Quha Proved was of Aberdene, 

The Knicht of Panmure, ^s was fene^ 
A mortall man in armour bricht. 

Sir Thomas Murray i^out and kenf , 
Left to the warld thair laft gude nicht. 

Thair ^as not fen Ring Keneth's days 

Sic ftrange inteftine crewel ftryf 
Jn Scotland fene, as ilk man fays, 

Quhair mony liklie loft thair lyfe ; 

Quhilk maid divorce twene man and wyfe^ 
And mony childrene fatherlefs, 

Qujiilk in this realme has bene full rjie \ 
Lord help thefe lands, our wrangs redrefs. 

In July, on Saint James his even, 

That four and twenty difmal day, 
Twelve hundred, ten fcore and eleven 

Of yeirs fen Chryft, the futhe to fay ; 

Men will remember as they may, 
Quhen thus the Veritie they knaw, 

And mony a ane may murnfor ay, 

The brim battil of the Harl8>w. 


r*- i 

1^ i ■» - 

JAM£S VI. 1567— 1603. 

■ was himfelffUA only a votary of the Mufis^ hut 

at fhe early age ^f eighteen^ compofed a treaiife under the 
'title of « RewUis and Cautelia of Scotti^ Poefie."— 
Hence perhaps it was that phett abounded more in this 
than in any of the preceding reigns. Almoft every man of 
education wrote verfes either in Englifh or Lafin ; many 
of which were puhlffhed in the life-time of the authors^ 
and well known to thofe who have turned their attention 
to this fuhjeB, ^he greater part ofthem^ however^ aphm 
pear to have been compofed after the union of the crowns 
in 1603 ; and^ in fouthern phrafeolpgy^ as the Poetical 
Recreations of Alexander Craig of Rofe-craig, 1609; 
thofe of Dzyid Murray, Scoto-Britan^ \6iii\ofVz'' 
trick Hannat, i6i2 ; /^ Drumttiond of Hawthorn- 
dean, 161 6; of the two Hudfons^ William Foxyler, 
Robert Ay ton, &c. Otl^ers^ of the nature of popular 
ballads^ are not confidered as properly belonging to tbet 
plan of this publication. , ^TBe produBions^ of Montgo- 
mery, Arbuthnot, Hume of Polwart, *Semj)il, {fiot 
including thofe which have lately been re-printed ;) tPg^^' 
fber with the woris of the King himfelf feem to be alf 
that come within the prefcrihed limits, 

A few remaining pieces of ^ix Richard Maitland claim 
fhefrfl attention. 

" ' ' ■ • ' / 

Vol. IIL P P o!f 



By Sir Richarp Maitlakd. 

Joon after the Regent Muxrzj^ & death f^mtlfi 
nation being divided under ibe titles of Queea's men ^ni 
King's men, " citizenfougbt againfi citixeup and kruthefi 
again/l brother^ with keen animqfttj!^ 


: \ 

KJ GRACIOUS God ! almichtie^ and eteme. 

For Jpfus faike^ thi fonc^ we aik at th6, . 

Us to defend. Confarve us^ and gnberne* 

And tak fra us. Lord, for thi grit mcrcie, 

Thir plaigis that apperis prefentlie ^ 

Peft, povertie, and moll unkindlie weir ; 

Hungir, and darthe, that now is Ijk to be. 

Throw deid of beifts, and ikant of corne this yeirv 


Bot, Lord, this ci^miSf of thi juft jugement. 

For puneifmcnt of our iniquitie ; 

That never of our fynnis will repent \ 

Bot perfaveris in impietie. 

We ar fo fowpit in feufualitie, 

Bajth fpiritual, and temporal eftait. 

The pepil ar mifgydit haiUelie. 

Nocht regneth now, bot Troubil and Debait* 

^ m. ' 

Sumtjrme the prciftis thocht that thai did weil, 
Quhon that thai maid thair beirds, and ihuif thair croun^ 
Ufit round caps ; and gounis to thair heil : 
And mes, and matejns, faid of thair fa^bon. 
Thoch that all vyccs rang in thair perfoun, 
Lecherie, gluttunrie, vain gloire, avarice \ 
With fwerd and fyre, for rew of religioun^ 
Of chriftin peple oft maid facrifice. 


JAMES VI. 13 67-^1 603» 299 


For quhilk God hes thaine puoeift richt fcfcarplie* 
Bot had thai left thair auld abufiouti, 
And turnit thame fra vjce to God trewiie. 
And fjne forthocht thair wrang intrufioun 
Into the kirk be fals elufioun j 
The word of God fja preitchit faythfialie, 
. Thaj had nocht cum to fie confuiioon, 
Nor tholk had as yit fie miferie. 

' ^ V. 
Now ia Proteftains ryfin us amang. . 
Sayand thaj wil mak r^formatioun ; ' 
Bot yet as now ma vyces never rang, 
{In ony former tyme, nor ony.natioun,) 
As pryd, if^y, and fals diffimulatfon ; 
, Thift, reif, flauchtir, oppreffioun of the pui|r j 
Of policy a plaine altetatiouti : 
Of wrangous geir now na man takis cuir. 

Thay think it weil (and thay the Paip do calj 
The Antechryft ; and mds, idolatrie : 
And fyne eit flefche upon the Frydays all ;) 
That thay ferye God rycht than accordinglie ; 
Tboch in all thing thay leif maift wkkitlie. 
Bot God commandis us his law to keip ; 
Fyrft honour him ; and fyne have cheretie 
With our neichbours ; and for out fynnis weip. 


Think weil that God, that puneift the papeifts, 

Is yet on lyve, and yow to puneis abil, ^> 

(As he did thame,) that in your fyns infifts 

As Godis word war balden bot ane fabil. 

Bot gif your hairt on God be fermc and ftabil, 

(Thoch that his worde into your mouthe ye have,) 

Except your lyf thairto be conformabil 

In word and wark ^ ye bot yourfelf difiave. 




1 meQe nocht here of fajthful cbriftianis ; 
Nor minifters of Godis word trcwlie ; 
Quha at the famen ftedfa&lie remanis. 
In word, and wark» without hjrpocrify. 
Bot I do mene of thame allenarlie 
That callit ^r the flefchlie gofpellaris ; 
Quha in thair words apperis rycht godlie, 
Bot yit thair warks the plain contrair declaris« 

Bot, thoch of paptds, and prot^ftans, fum 

Hes bajth gane wrang, and Godis law tranfgl^efty 

Keip us, gud Lord, that never mair we cum 

To fie errour ; hot grace to do the beft. 

That with all men thy tiiew faytb be confeft ; 

That chr^flane folk may leif in unede ; 

(Vertcw fet up, and all vycis fuppreftj) 

That all the w^|d, gud Lonl^ may hpnour thie/ 

^od Sir Richard Maitland, I57<5« 

' » • 

In another poem of the faaic date our venerable Baron ** puqns com- 
fortably" upon the name of his cftaite ol Blytb, (in Lauderdale,) which 
at that time had been plundered by a detachment ok the Englifh atmf 
tinder the command of the £&rl of Suffolk : 

*• * ' ' ' - 

Blind man be blyth, altboch that thow be wrangits 
Thoch Blythe be herreit, tak no m^Iancolie. 
Thow fall be blyth, quhan that thay fall be bangit, 
That Blythe hes fpulycit fa nialiciouflle. 
Be blyth, and glaid ; that nane perfave in the 
That thy blythnes confifts into ryches; 
Bot that thow art blyth that etercalie 
^Sall ring with G(^d in eternal blythnes. 

" Quod Schir Richard Maithnd of Lethingtoun Knycht. Quhan his 
" landis of BlytKe washerict be Rollent Fofler fnglifman. Quha fpulycit 
'• furthe of the faid baronie feve thoufand fcheip, youngar, and eldar : — 
** Twa hundrithc nowt :— Threttiehors, and mciris, &c! the xvi. day of 
'■' Majj, the year of M. D. LXX. yeiris." 




Perhaps 157 1* 

1 HOCH that this warld be veric ftrange j 
^nd theves hcs done mj rowmis range, 
And teynd mj fald :, 
Yit wald I leif, and hjA^ ane change j 
Thoch I be aid. 

Now me to fpuljie ftrai not fpairls ; 

To tak mj geir no captane cairis j 

Thaj ar fa bald. 

Yit tjme may cum, ma^ mend mj fairis ; 

Thoch I be aid, 

Sum now, be force of men of weir, 

Mj hous, mj landis, and mj geir, 

Fra me thay hald. 

Yit,. as I may, fall tpak gud cheir ; 

Thoch I be aid. 

So Weill is kend tny innocence. 

That I will not, for nane offence, 

Flyte lyk ane ikald : 

Bot thank God, and tak patienqe, j 

For I am aid. 

For € Id, and my infirmitie, 
Warme clayths ar bettir far for me, 
To keip fra cald : 
Nor in dame Venus' chamber be 5 
JNow being aid. 






Gud cunning men, that ar wyis aod4i£cr^t ;. \{ 

Praftitiours gud ; and for that £b6at meit* , ,. ,. ^ 
Men of gud confcience, honefii^ and &iiie 4 * 

That can with wit and treuth all maters treit i .,< ./^, 

And hes he prudence purchaft ane gud name. ;/ 


And fyne gat call the College of Juftice, . > 

All thair dependers, and fithers that ar, wfis,^^. ,.^ 

And trj the cans of law ti^ langCumnes j 7. 

And gar thame fonc fum gud or dour 4evyis .f 

To furder jiiftice, and fphorten the lac^ jiiQ^ea^' i^.p 

vm. " 

Bot gif this mater, un^ioodit be ourfeia^ : ', f;Oj^ 
The leigis can na givter fcajl^ (wttfMi }f - ..-. -^^ \^ -^ 
For na man fall be fair of land or geir* . * .- <^ 
The trew and pcur fall be dppjreffit qlein ; . 
And this Colledge fall not lang p^rfcYeir... . ■ . , ^^ * 

And gif this Saic of Senators gang do^i?^. , , ^ 

The fpunk of juftice in this rpgioun,^ '.■ ^ 

I wait in)t how this realme fall rcwlit tbd 

Better it had gud reformatio an, 

Nor let it perifche fo iraprudeqtlie. \ v .^ , -. • , a; 

For gif this Sait of Juftice fall not fland, ,, » ,,^ ^ 
Than evcrie wicked man, at his a win h?i^4»* , .;. k. a 
Sail him revenge as he fall think it belt. -^ .^ ' ;,^ t 
Ilk bangeifter, and limmer, of this lan4 f , ._. 4 * 

With frie brydil fall (<juham thay pl^ molefty\-^ ^ 

XI. .- - ■■^-^- 

Our Soverane Lord I to this mateir have ee ; 

For it perteinis to thy majefli# 

This Colledge to uphauld, or lar it doun. ^i ,»aT 

Bot, will thow it uphauld, as it fBuld'^e; 

It will the help for to manteiu thy croun. 

K-:a .11 

IrtO Allii^K 





ESi vi. t^^€^ ^ 

\r ^; 


Caufis ilkizf fo faft dbis iiialtt^e, 
That with this Sait x^ntrt 'ohVtiKt?!! tS^ j 
Bot wald ffi|^ffifeh^rfi^ltafl6ik«c n 
Of SenatonH J inert ciinning and godlie 
Wald motrier tbat^ Sid tlfat iriakis cummer, 


5chir, kc thy^if^^is^irionj* Abeceis, 

Perfonagis,' PSf-olfeftras,^ and Prtti^rtdat^w^ ' - 

Now fen doun i^' thd anld religiShn. 

To eik fudi loiidis ^f ftitit BA'dfei¥ f 

And futo to -help the auRf fundatSStmJ 


Becaiis the lor^s lies o^irlftilftis^ 

Bot of uncertaine cafualitfeis, ^ - 

Df quhilk thay never get payment compleu 

And now fie dibfth6 is tefiri, liU men fayis, 

What coift ane p6uri5 bfefbir^ now coftis thrie. 


Schir, thou may gar,r(unliurt thy propertie,)" 

The Sait of Tuftide W(6ill advancit be. 

Quhilk being donei thair daylie ^11 incres. 

Into this land gud peidc, and pollcie : 

And thow be brocht to honour, and riches, - 


O loving Lord ! fupport this cruel! Sait ; 

And give thame grace to gang the nareft gait 

Jaftice to do with expeditioun : 

And bring all thing againe to gud eftait^ 

Following the ftrft gud inftltutiouu. 

S. R, M. 

'* ] ^ ■ *i I ;i I I I- 


This poem beii^ partly an addrefa to the yoimg KtBg, we may infer 
that it was not cotpftofed before the jrcar 1580, whcii he firft began to 
affcrt bisownauthority, and when Lord Lcidington was atlcaft in hi» 
84th year. 

Vot. in. Q^ aCsanis 







It is gtit pette for to fe 

How the commound of this cUntre^ 

For thifty and reif, Msd plane oppr^ffiiMili^ 

Can oathing keip ia thak ]^ffeffio«rtiy 

Quhairof that thaj majr ndak ahe Ijfe : 

"^it nane will puneis that ttafifgreffi^ftti > 

Till nocht be kft to man nor wyfe. ' , 

Sum with deir fefdie ar hirreit hailL / 

That wottBt to pay hot pehny mftill. 

Sum be thair lordis ar oppteiV ; 

Put fra the llmd that thay poflisft. 

Sair fervice hes fnm hirreit fone. 

For cartage als fom hes no reft ; 

Thoch thair awin' wark fould \j itridon:e# 

Sum comouns, that hes l>ene weill ftakkit 
CFnder kirkmeU) ar noW all wr^it ; 
Sen that the teynd, atid the kirk landis. 
Came in grit temporale teennis handis» 
Thay gar the tcnneAts pay flc fowmes, 
As thay will aik ; or^ quha ^neftandis, 
Thay will be put fone fra thaii rowmes:* 

The teynd, quhilk tennents had befoir 
Of thair awin malings, corne^p and ftoir^ 
Thair laird hes tane it our thair heid : 
k * And gars thame to his yaird it leid. 



Pot jthair awin ftok thay dar not fteir ; 
Thoch all thdir iMiirius foold want breid» 
i^hiU thay haye led: that tejmd ilk ycir. 

Sic extortioun and tazatioun 
Wes never fene into this natioun, 
Tane of the comouns of this laiid» 
Of quhilk fum is left waift liandt 
Becaaa fe;w may fie chairgis beir. 
Mony hes quhips now in thair hand» 
That wont to have bay th jak and fpeir« 

Quhairthrow the haiU comjnomt^ 
Is brocht now to ^c povertie. 
For thayy that had.gude hors ai^d.g^ir, 
^63 ifcaatlie now ane ciukit meir : 
And for thair fadils thay. have foddis. 
Thay have na weipens wqrthe for weir j 
3ot nun defend with ftane^ a^d clpddi?* 

Thairfore, roy lordis, I ypjv pray 
^or the puir comouns find fum way. 
Ifour land to thame for fie pryce geif^ ^ 

A& on thair maling thay may leif 

SufiicientUe to thair eftait. ' 

§y^e thame defend, that nane thame greif ^ 
That thay may ferve yow ayre and lait. 


Riche comouns ar richt profitable, 
Quhan thay^ to ferve thair lord, ar able 
Thair native cuntrie to defend 
Fra thame that hiirt it wald pretend, _ 
For we will be ouir few a nummer, 
Gif comouns to the weir not wend. 
Nobils may not beir all the cummer. 




Help the comouns bayth Lord and Laird 4 
And God thair£ore fall jow rewaird. 
And gif ye will not thame fupplie, 
God will yow phiig thairfore juftlie. ^ 
And your fuccefBouny efitir yow, 
Gif thay fall have na msliir petie 
On the comouns, nor ye have now. 

.-V V 




As Mr Pinkerton juftly obTervM, thit poem ^' does tile lajg^efthor 
Hour to fhe pHif jrxittiropf of tbc ftiithbr ; ofid UKriN'^Hii^'s (&i|ierior tq 
aoy thai genius ran ptocorc'V TTht i^ppreffion M tbtJ(^n^it*» here 
inveigh^ agjunft, Xc^s to hate l^^cn,Qt&a^n^ddtt^fl;J>|.|hcim- 
changing fpiritual for te^mpdrai exadors of tythes. ** Eve^ thing in 
the Book br Difclpltne, that repu£tn<!d tb ^'^oibpt alfeidl^^i of the 
nohlHty, (laich J^n Knoxy the pri^i^l eittii^ef;^) waa 'cewnied >Q 
ifaalr tnd^cka^ tkvhfi^imagHtatUums. '. ,Sun^, of,.c^eQ(i hi^^iedp^ grippit 
ihe poflefliouns of the kirk, find uthers thoch't they wald n^ lack thaifi 

parte of Chriflis Cote ; yea and that befoir that etfirhd waa'h^^git. • 

Thare war naoe mair iinnitrtifiil] to^the^iVliuiilfierle tti^tHe'^irar they 
that hid the grittofi; rentea of the kirktf. TiSbt^ aecpcd^ to the auld 
proverbc, The bclite^sCs n9 earis/V . ' - . . . ^ .^^ 

Befides poems, Sir R. Maitlatfd left In MS. a Diftorie of the houfe 
and furname of Seaton; and a Cotle^bn of' Detifidhs of thir Court of 
Seffion from f5th Dec. ijf 56, till 3dth July %s^5' 

Jaotes VJ, in pqe/^oi hi^ letfera,'ac]|nowJedg<^.tke faithfuffervice of 
Sir ^.ichard to -his G|:aiidfir (James V.) Gbodfir (Matthevv" Earl of 
Lennox ;) Gcodam ' (^l8Ty of, Guife;) his mother i^ucen ^N^ary, and 
himfclf. • ' " "-•' '" ' ■: '^^ • "'v: -•'■ -i ^ 

i: A^P^S 

\' i' : 

' lA 

:'.,M' . 

' '. '» 



AOANjs ^kuLnderous tou^gib. 157 ^f 

Sr^/^ piec£ might probably have efcaped the ohfervatiof^ 
'^6f^tYiVL]fAxlQr\inthe Maitland MSS. had it not 
been for the fqlophon ** Quod John Maitland, &c.'' 
He was the fecond fqn of Lord Lethington, an4 
, ^through him the line of the family was carried pn^ 
^r 'f^^fffphew (/on of thf Se:Cretary) having died withm 
ii>n ^tamtiffiit, Bnng a fieady adherent - of (!i^txk Mary 
-J. '-/j^f^pi fffg was^ cruhlly driven from the throne^ the 
i ^lo Tm^^pP'^^^^ deprived him (fhis benefice of Colding'^ 
^ L^rriam\,vund' office of Lord Privy ^eal ; after which^ 
^ &n^ h4f}fi^'taiken prifoner at the furtender if Edinburgh 
[fqpte lST$f he was condemned to a fpecies of confine^ 
, . , : -r W»^* frarnhv^ifich J^e was not liberate^ until the fall 
i- '^^f tbi^ regent ^ottx>w in i^'ji. He then found means 
to ingratiate himfef completely with the young Prince ^ 
and^ " as m fuhjeQ enjoyed a greater Jhare of his 
favour y fo none dfferv^d itbftterJ^^ A full account 
of his Hfe piay be found in Crawford ««^ Macken*- 
' _^i€ ; and feveral Latin poems by him in the Delicioe 
poetarum Scotorum. He died in 1$^^. 


IF biffie-branit bodeis yow bakbyte ; 
And of fum wick it wittis ye ar invyit, 
Quha wald deprave your doings for difpyte 4 
Difpyis thair devilliche deming, and defy it. 


■ ,/** 

»- ■ - f 


For fra that tyme and trcuthe thair talis lysLyQ trjltji -^ 
The fuythe fallfcKew itfelfe out to thair ffih^me. . 
And be thair fpechc thair fpjte fal be efpyit. 
And have na faytb, nor f(5ute aganes your fanci£* 

Milknaw thair craft ; and kythe not as ye kend i|i,; > - ^ 
Thair doings will thair deling Fon^iieti^fl., ^, 31^' 'I 
For gif ye frieit, llni fait, Or be offendit, I \, ; . . , *^,, ,, 
Thair fawis to be iufi^ityxiitli ^ll 0iipe£f.^J ^^ 1 1,)' ! v 
Bot gif thair leyis'y^ fychtlie, and ne^eS, - 
And lat thame Be, arid H&kfbvi^ as thay Kit j ^ ' 
Fra tyme thay dncl ifc^r^fetilk^faill eSeft,^:'' '-"'^ ''Y^l 
Thay will-deny tiiaW dwtnfi: and defift^ ' ^ " ' ' 

^s furious, finds} with gritter fope ay flo^jris. .^ r -r-^ 
And ftarkar flrevlh, qufceri ttbppit Mr the ttxfemis t ^ ^ T^ 
Acfd gorgit waters ever' gtittfet gfk)wis ^ \ ' , -^ r'l 
And forcitfyres i;i7i£h^rJtteV-gkfds'ourgiemi& ; ' ^^ ,.j 
And ay moir bricht aii3 burhinp: i$ thie beyiife ' ^" - ^ 




Of Fhebus'face, th^tftltaft afi^eftexit; , ^^ , 

So eude renoun, quhilk'i-aitats^'kge'rebf^^^ '* . ,,' 

AdvanUs moir, tne molr mvyafs ve3^ it. - ,t s 

The moir thay fpeik, the fbnair ar thay fpyit. ,, 

The moir thay lie, your lak i;irill tie the VtSi /^ '• /^ 

The moir thay talk, thetreUth is fo^nar trvitV ' ' ' ' ' -, 

The moir planelie thair poyfoiie thay expres, ' ' * 

The les thay cans thair credit to meres. ^ ,., 

The moir thay wirk, tBe les thair w ark avancis^ ' ^' ' ' 
The moir thay preis your praylis to oppres^ 
The gritter of your gloir i? the glands. 

v; /-' 

Po quhat ye dow, dctraftours ay will deme yow, 
Quhais crafte is to calumpniat but daUs : ^''' * / '^ 
Bakbytars ay be brutis will 61'afphfem6 yow ; - / 
Althoch the contrair all thie cutitrie fcrta^sl" '"' "' ! 

■ ■■•'■^- . ■' Ana,-' 

!Si ':<;A 

jkMEi VI. i5^7«-^o^. 3jii 

And, ifesd Je ye ward yow up bc!«wiwie ijoa waifti 
lit fo ye fall not from thair fayiags fevc yow- 
Bot, gif thay fee ye ftiffie 6f Aair feis^. , 
Blafone thay will^ how ever ye behave yow* 

Gityi b* fecreit, fad, and folitair ; 
Peirdie thay fpeik that privalic ye fl9Y ; 
And gif in publick places y^ repair, 
Ye feke to fe, and to be fene^ ^hay (ay. 
War ye a fanfl, thay fuld fufpeft yow aj. 
Be ye humane, our h^mill ^lu^,)v^^ h^W yon. 
Gif ye beir ftrange, thay yaw i^fiiieme iOwgr Uay ; 
And trows it t3 we, or fum ^$ hes it tald you. 

Gif ye be blythcj^ yo^r^y^pl^tpcs ,l>ay ,^^lilak. 
Gif ye *e grave, j<m,gr^yM i? clekit^j^ji 
Gif ye lyk maik, and n^irth^, or ^rt^^^ri^; p>ac^ 
Thay fweir ye feill.^ne llr]^g^ ;^u^ Jjc^^f^s to. bjciit it. 
Gif ye be fc^; fum flypfitig s^ £v.^^ft ; 
And all your fairris caUet fecreit-fonyci?, 
Claiths thai difpyte, and be y^ daylie de^kit, 
* Perfave,' thay fay, * the paptago. tliat pruinyeis.''' 

Gif ye be Wyis, and ^^IJ- in vertew verfit ; 
Cunning, thay call, unCunaliefor your kyud* 
And fay it is 6ot flychtis ye have feirfit 
^ To clok the crafte, quhair^o ye ar incJynJ. 
Gif ye be meik, yit thay paiftak your mind f 
And fwer ye ar far fchrewdar nor ye fem^. 
Sua do your beft^ thus fall ye tje defynd : 
And all your deidis fall detradours deme. 

Yit thay will kif thair l^ing at the hft, 
Fra thay adve^-t inty will not avail!. 
Bakbytars' brutis bjdis bot.ane Mail : 
Thay 4ureis fone, tut fordef frude thay fall!. 




Jit tm6sn€Lg OF SCOTTISH porrat* 

Rek not thairfoir how rafchlle ravars raill : 
For never wes vertew jit without invy. 
Sua promptlie fait jour paitierice prevail!, 
Quhen thay perhap fie demjog faU deir bj. 

^uod John Mmtland^ Commendaior of Coldinghamii^ 
and /one aftir Lord TCbirlflanCf and Chancellor of 

The general idea of this poetD, Mr Ptnkerton remarks, is that cxcel- 
lent one of Tacitus, Injuria Ji irafearis agnita videntur ; fpipsfet exotefami : 
a maxim which Lord Thirlftane expands, but does not weaken. 

St. 6. 1. 8. *' — ~— and trows ic is y§ or els fum, &c. MS. Accord^ 
ing to Mr Pinkerron, this obfcure line feems to mean, '* They wtU 
** ironically fay, Tbey tbhtk it is you, (you tcbo mre hamgity naturally :) or 
*' elfe^ you are a weak man^ and are proud becaufe fomehffdy has tUd you to i^ 
" y&."— As the poem may, however, be coofidcred perhaps of fimilar 
purpofe with the fucceeding ** Admonition/* and compofed, apparent- 
ly, tor the ufe of the fame illoftrious perfon, I l\ave fuhftitatcd 
'we foir ye; that is, *• we the ^eens party^^ who 'at that time were* 
fappofed to poflefs conGderable influence with the regent Mar^ and 
perhaps expected that in proper time he would take a decided part in' 
\ktT fay©ur. ' 


:",^f\.-} t' 


Suppofedby LaRD Tbirlstane/ A: £>• 1571. - 

\ *wci'> ^\\ i\i\ Ci'3 '\» . M 


JVj.ai5t loyal lord, srArrtfiy lawtic lovit. 
Now be not*lakit for deloyaltie ! 
TliRfifettP 'ih^e .Princis place ihov^ ti^'tfr otildVit; ' ^ 
Be not abtifit be MUboritie* .-^ . 

Wffe6aW-Wi3r'*:«ldi, and thyBe*iiit^ritie. 

^^ %% fir oift'fetfis hkfte foBfeiWJt, 
AMi/Sl luagi aiid cuptVi^ l^.ws^ 9lid libertie. 

UiitMhy fttlii*, ^^ credit, baif commit tit. 

ShjKhQuii;befEay Ipenc txuftife, and inteir ; 

£HrfafiiK nodit vA^icTcaiiy &r fiokilD^s. 

Bbt fdiSV ttiyfelf lia3rt!h fag^f, fcharp, and finccir j 

Indewit with vertew, wit, and worthines, 

Ingjne, jug^ment, juft^s, and gentilnes ; 

Graft, conduft, cair, and knawlege to command j 

Heroik hart, honour, and hardines : 

Or in this ftorme thy ftait will never ftand. 

We half the chofin to the cheifefl charge. 
Our toflir gaJay to governe, and to gyde. 
Bewar with bobbis ! Scho is ane brukill barge. 
And maj nocht bitter blaftis weill abyde. 
Thow may hir tyne, in turning of ane tyde. 
Caft Weill thy cours ; thow hes ane kittil cure. 
Of perals pance, and for fum port provyde ; 
And anker ficker quhair thow may be fure. 

Vol. III. Rr IV. 



All Boreas' bittir blaftis ar nocht blawia 
I feir fum boid, and bobbis be behind. 
Be ty^e and tempeft thow may be ourthrauin ; 
And mony fairlie fortouns thow may find : 
As chanels, craggis, bedds, and bankis blind ; 
Lekkis) and wanluks, quhairby thow may be loft. 
Be war, thairfoir, with weddir, waw, and windy. 
With uncouth coutfis, aiid unknawin coll. 

Thow may put all into appeirand perrell, 
Gif Inglis forcis in this realme repair. 
Sic ar nocht meit for to decyde our querrell; 
Thoch farland fules feime to haif fedders fair. 
Cum thay acquaint, thay will creip inner mair; 
And will be noyfum nycbbours, and enorme : 
And fchortlie will fit to our fydes as fair, 
As now thy rebells, quhome thay fould reformer 

That freindfhip is ay faythfulleft afar ; 
And langeft will indure with lytle daill. 
I feir with ufe and tyme it work to war, 
Fra thay aganes our partie anes prevail. 
Quha wait hot fyne ourfelfs thay will aflaill : 
Auld fay is ar findill faythful freyndis found : 
Firii helpe the halfe, and fyne ourharl the haill^. 
Will be ane weful weilfair to our wound. 

Be thair exempill learne experience, 
Ane forane mache, or maifter, to admit. 
Reid, quhane the Saxons gat pre-eminence. 
How fone thay focht as foverans for to fit. 
Reid how thay forcit the Briton folks .to flit ;- 
And yit polTeids that peipils propertie. 
Bewar ! We may be wolterit or we wif : 
And Ivkways lois our land, and libertie. 



JAMES VI. 1567 — 1603. 315 


Ane thoiifand fie exempUs I could fchaw ; 

And mony noble natioun I may name, 

Quho lofl^ at lenth thair libertie, and law, 

And fufferit hes bajth forow, Ikayth, and fchame i 

That for to helpc thair barmes, and hurt at hame, 

Fetcht forane forcis in to thair fupport, 

Quha fulyeit fjne thair fredome, force, and fame 5 

And thame fubduit in the famin fort. 

Fleand Caribde bewar in Scjll to fall j 
And fa efchew cruill differitioun, 
That our eftate to ftr angers be not thrall^ 
The cankers of our auld contentioun 
Will keip no conand nor conventioun. 
And, gif yow gif thame crcdeit to correS us, 
JBe craftie way, will, and inventioun, 
And fubtell flychts, thay wi^l feik to fubjeft us. 

Scotland cum nevir yit in fervitude, , 

Sene Fergus firfl ; bot evir hes bene frie. 
And hes bene always brukit be a blude ; 
And king of kings defcendit grie be grie. 
Gif that it be in bondage brocht be th6. 
Thane wareit war thy weirdis and wanhap ! 
Thairfoir thir forane feiris fa foirfee. 
That catcht we be nocht with ane eftir^clap. 

Mark and mynt at the honour, laud, and p]:ai8^ 
The vertew, worfchip, word, and vaffilage, 
Of fie as hes done doichtelie in his dayis 
To keip this realme from thraldome and boundage !, 
Mark als the vyld vitupour, and the wage 
Of untreuth, trefoune, and of tyrannic : 
And how fome honour hes, and heretage. 
And lyfis loft, for thair diloyaltie. 




>?^«* :€! 



So for thy fafts thow will be fuir to find 

The Ijke rewaird of vertew or of vjce. 

Be not thairfoir fjld as ane Bellie-blind ; 

Nor lat thyfelf be led upon the yce. 

Nor, to content thy marrow's covatyce. 

Put not thyfelf in perrell for to pereis. 

Nor beir the blame, iquhair uthers tak the prjc€ j, 

Nor beit the bus, that uthers eat the bereis. 

The trone of tryell, and theatre trew^ 
Js for to regne, and rewle above the reft ; 
Who hes the woyne, him all the world dois vew ; 
And magiflrat the man dois manifeft. 
Sua, fen thow hes the princis place pofTefl^ 
Louk to be prafit as thow plays thy pairt. 
And, as thow luifis, fo luifit be and left ; 
And always dclt with eftir thy defert. 

This excellent ftate pqem is believed to be by the fame author with 
the preceding, from its gre^t fimiiarity of flyle, but dill mo(e from its 
being marked in the Majtland Folio MS. after the title •* ^ J, M. 
Y. o^h.** i. c. Younger df LethingtoOy or perhaps of Coldingham ; the 
L. and C. bciog Scarcely diftingiiilhable in the Manufcripts of that time. 
The Earl of Mar wa? chofen Regent Scpteml>cr 15 71, and died in Oc- 
tober of the following year. Upon the eledbion of the Earl of Morton 
Xo fucceed him, the Qncen*s party daily declined* ^nd in lefs than fix 
months Mary had not a veflige of fovereignty in any part of the king- 

St. la. 15." — thy marrow's covatyce.] " The chcif grit man 
'* (fays John Knox) that retuifit to fubfcryve the Buik of DifcipUne 
", was the Lord Erskine ; and no wonder, for befyds that he has a very 
'* Jefabell to his wyfe, if the puir, the fcuillis, and the minilfers had 
** thair awin, his kitchiog wald want twa pairtes and mair uf that 
^* quhilk he now unjuftly poffcflce." / 



Perhaps by Lord Thirlstane, or one of the fam^^ 
Family. From /^^ Maitland Collection. 

In bail be blyth, for that is beft. 
In barret gif thow ^e bowne to byde, 
Lat comfort clenlie in the reft ; 
Lat never thy cair in court be cryd. 
Thy harmis het luik that thow hyde ;^ 
Have houp in him that ay fall left ; 
Fra forow fone be fet on fyde. 
In bail be blyth, for that is beft, 

Gif thow will not in bail be Myth, 
Sone of this blis thow may be bair : 
Albeit thow fich ane thoufand fyth, 
] t will nocht fauf the of thy fair ; 
Noi yet remeid the of thy cair. 
Lat gomfort cleinlie in the reft : 
Thow leyr this left})un at my lair, 
Jn bail be blyth, for that is beft. 

Deir on deis and thow be dicht. 
And fyne fitk drowpand lyke ane da, 
Fayn will thay all be of that ficht ; 
And thay that onlie is thy fa, 
Thay will nocht gruge to lat ye ga. 
Thair is no gle with iic ane geft. 
Oftfys fayis the fempill fua, 
In bail be blyth, for that is beft. 




Lat never thy innc meis with thy mis. 
Nor mak th6 mirth on na maneir ; 
How ever thay fay with th^ it is, ^ 

Of thy mifcheif lat thame nocht heir, 
Thay will be blyth, as bird on breir, 
In payn to fee the punift and preft : 
Thairfoir in countenance ay be cleir. 
In bail be blyth, foi that i:^ beft. 

For ay blyth I reid that we be, 
I'hat ever in bljs we may be kend ; 
For this I fay, be ma than me, 
That murning may nothing amende 
Fra the feynd Grod us defend. 
For bayth fute and hand wes faft. 
Of this mater I mak ane end. 
In bail be blyth, for that is beft. 

Sr. 3.1. I. " Deir on dei/j and thow be^Rcht.** Mr Pinkcrton ex- 
plains thus. Though you be dearly (richly) dreft, and fitting in the : 
place of honour.— 2)//r in this pafiage may, however, be put for dern^ ' 
« retiredly, in a folitary manner ;" and dei/s may fignify, as at prefcnr, 
a ftat made of earth or fod, as is common in gardens and parks. ** Syne 
Crs," in the next line, ought probably to be «* fene fit." I conceive th« 
poem to have been written by John Maitland vvhile in a ftate of con-, 
fincment to the hQufe and parks of iLe Drum near Dalkeith, and the 
hint to have been borrowed from his father's 
Blind man be blyth, &,c. p, 300. 



from the Bank. CoiA^i.CTio'^yfeems partly alter- 
ed from a Jimilar Ballad hy Sir R. Maitland. 



A HIS warld is all bot fenyeit fair^ 
And als unftable as the wind, 
Gud faith is flemit, I wat nocht quhair, 
Treft fallow/hip is evil to find ; 
Gud confcience is all maid blind. 
And cheritic is nane to gett, 
Leill, loif, and lawte Ijis behind. 
And auld kyndnes is quyt foryett. 

Quhill I had ony thing to fpend, 
And ftuffit Weill with warldis wrak,. 
Amang my freinds I wes weill kend : 
Qghen 1 wes proud,^ and had a pak, 
Thay wald me be the oxtar tak. 
And at the h6 buird I wes fet ; 
Bot now thay latt me (land abak. 
Sen auld kyndnes is quyt foryett. 

Now I find bot frcindis few. 
Sen I wes pryfit to be pure \ 
They hald me now bot for a fchrew. 
To me thay tak bot littill cure ; 
All that 1 do is bot injure : 
Thocht I am bair I am nocht bett, 
Thay latt me (land bot on the flurc. 
Sen auld Jcyndes is quyt foryett. 


t^ • 


IV. % 

Suppdis I mene, I am nocht mendit^ 

Sen I held pairt with poverty, 

Awaj fcQ that xnj pak wcs fpendit, 

Adew ail liberalite. 

The proverb no^ is trew, I fe, 

** Quha may nocht gife, will littiU gett ; 

Thairfoir to faj the varite. 

Now auld kjndnes is quyt ftJryett. 

Tbay wald me ha}s with hnde and hatt, 
Quhjle I we5 riche and had anewch, 
About mc freindis anew I gatt, 
Rjcht bl jthlie on me thay lewch ; 
Bot now they mak it woadir tewch. 
And lattls me ftand befoir the vett : 
Thairfoir this warld is verry frewch. 
And auld kyndnes is quyt foryett. 

Als lang as my cop ftud evin, 
I yeid bot feindill myae allane ; 
I fquyrit wes with fex or fevin. 
Ay quhyle I gaif thame twa for ane 5 
Bot fuddanly fra that wes gane, 
Thay paffit by with handis plett. 
With purtye fra 1 wes ourtane, 
Than auld kyndnes was qnyt foryett. 

Into this warld fuld na man trow ; 
Thow may weill fe the reffoun quhy ; 
For evir bot gif thy hand be fow, 
Thow art bot littill fettin hy. 
Thou art nocht tane in cumpany, 
Bot thair be fum fifch in thy nett ; 
Thairfoir this fals warld I defy, 
Sen auld kyndnes is quyt foryett. 



: KiNG^ HIS Majestie. (^March 1585-6.) 

'>wing four fonnets are much in the manner of 
Vl. Lord Thirlftane, on dccount of bis zea^ 
^tachment to the interejt of Queen Mary, was 
I a flate of confinement , at leqft of hanijbment 
Court, fintil the death of the Earl of Morton* 
^ing*s grace, upon Maitlatid^s rejiora'tion to 
, is exemplified in the fpeech made hy Ovid, con^ 
g his own perpetual exile "ivith thi happier form 
^ Lord Thirlcftane, who is here faid to have 
'etei'Oed into, favour «* at his ^ood "JLord^s re-' 
" that is, through the intercejffion of his father 

the *irsT visioun". 

my face, this night, to me appeir'd 
: Mufe in forow all confound; 
difmaj'd, this queftion at me fpeir'd ; 
io we not his glorious praife refound ? 
; goodnes we beyond our hope hes fouiid : 

favour hes furmounted our defert. 

he dois in pouet maiit abound, 
ar ayd the fame he dois convert.' 
*e," quod 1, " even with a willing hairt 
i^lfill this chairge with bent defyre ; 
IL S ft '* So 


•* So that to me your furye yc impart^ 
** And thir my vcrfes with lem'd fkill infpyre.^ 
** For, fen I fould the maift renoum'd commend ; 
** Ye lykwyfe ought your ayde and help* extend. 


Thus as I fpak I faw the Mufes nyne, 
With harps iit hand, about me fone repair ^ 
Sa that thair hymns^ and voces, maift devyne. 
By fimpathie refounded in the air, 

* Sing ! Let us fing ; and by our foOgs dedair 

* His worthie Stock, bayth Taliant) ftout, and wylCf 

* From quhilk he's fprung^ (of Mufes all the cair^ 

* Yea of the Gods, from quhom all grace dois rylie,) 
. * His Father deir, quha neir his burial lyes ; 

^ Ane Homer auld of everlafting fame ; 

< A judge maift juft ^ a lord quha hes the pryfe 

* For confcience pure, and iane unfpotted name ; 

* Of princes lov'd ; in honour lang he livis, 

* Quhofe memorie his learned fones revivis*' 


And heir they ftay'd till they had drawn thair breatB. 
Than they begun with fchiller toons of joy. 
Auterpe fang, • His fame furviveth death.' 
And Clio faid, ' No force fall him deftroy.' 
Thalia fpak, * Lat us our fangd iimploy 

* To blaifc his praife, and efernife his gloire.' 
PoIHymna fayde, * I will and fall convoy 

* His confell-wit, quhilk he hes in great ftore, 

* Through all the Xvarld. And will him fa decore; 
-♦ That, as he now furpaffis T^rlth his Prence 

* In grace and love. all others, fo before 

^ He fall' thame pafs in credit, but offence. • 

^ ' Lanj 

JAMES VI. -1567— 1603. 313 

^ Lang fall he live in joy, in tlifs, and helth ; 
^ And on his bak fall leaAe this cpmounwelth/ 


As they did end, than Ovide from exjle 
Of Pontus cam, quhair he till death remainM, 
Jnduiring cauld, and hounger ; all that qnhyle 
Confeum'd with woe Augullus him difdain'd* 

* Alace,' faid he, * In vayne have^I complain'd 

* For to afuage Augufius' yre, and wrath. 

^ And thocht that thou in prefoun wes detained, 
f Yet happy thow, quho favour'd is ere death ! 
< Thy Monarch; and thy great Auguftus, hath 
' Extend his grace, at thy good lord^s requeifl, 
' Quhofe honour thou, till waifted be thy breath, 

* Sail kcip in mynde within thy thankful breift, 
^ Thou fall his glore with his defairts proclame, 
f And celebrat within the kirk of Fame. 

Mujisjine tempore tempus. 

When theCs Viiioos were written, Sir John Maitland was only Se. 
cretary to the King^but officiated as Chancellor; Captain James Stew-^ 
arfy who held the office, having been baniihed from the royal prefence, 
and deprived of the title of Earl of Arran in November 1585. Within 
a few months after the ei^eciition of the Queen, or about May 1587, 
Stewart preferred an accuiatrou againfl the Secretary, ** as if by feme 
" underhand dealing he had been accefTary to that onparalleled acfl of 
^< blood ; but failing to make good the charge, and not ^ven appearing 
<* at the time appointed, he was inftaotly deprived of the office, and the 
M fame wasconferied upon Sir John Maitland.'* The King's favour- 
able intentions are, however, fuSiciently declared in various parts qf 
thefe Vifiona. 



Probably 1570. 


from the Edinburgh Magazine f December 1791, 
wbet'e it is /aid by the furm/ber of the artick to^ 
have been tranfcribed from^ a black letter Jbeety and to 
relate to the death of King Henry Stewart. Various 
circuffiftances mentioned in the poem ^evince, howevert 
that it alludes to the murder of the regent M array hj 
hiBmUton of Bothwel^haughf in Feb, 1 569-710, tba 
particulars of which may be feen in Grawfor^ 
and other hifiories of that period. Ames, in bis 
Scottifli Typography, enumerates about half a do" 
xen Deploratiouns and 'Tragedies on the fame Jvbm 
jeB^ all of themfingkfheets^ and printed in 1570.— ^ 
Whether this be one of them^ is neither a matter of 
certainty nor of importance^ but itfeems to be a genuine 
production of the tim^^ , 


XxDEW all glaidnes, fport, and play I 
Adew, fair iveill, baith hycht and day ! 
All things that may mak merrie cheir \ 
Bot fich rycht foir in hart, and fay, 
Allace I to graif is gone my deir. 


JAUES yi, 1567— .igoj, 32| 


My lothfoum lyfe I may lament. 
With fixit face^ and mjude attent^ 
Jn weiping wo to perfeveir. 
And alking ftill f6r punifchetnent, 
Of thame hes brocht to graif my deir, 

Bot long allace I may complaincf, 
Befoir I find my deir againe, 
To me was faithfull and inteir. 
As turtill trew on me take paine : 
Allace to graif is gone my deir. 

. Sen Jiathing may my murning mend^^ 
On God maid hie t^vill depend. 

My cairfuU caufe for to upreir : 

for he fupport to me will fend, 

Althocht to graif i? gone my deir. 


My havie hap, and piteQUS plycht, 

Pois peirs my hart baith day and nycht, 

That lym nor lyth I may not ftcir. 

Till fum revenge with force and mycht 

The ciuel murther of my d^ir. 


This cureles wound does greif me foifji 

The lyke I never felt befoir. 

Sen Fergus firft of me tuke fteir ; 

For now allace decajis my gloir. 

Throw cruell murther of my ckir, 

VII. ^ 

(D wickit wretche unfortunat ! 

O favage feid infatiat ! 

Mycht thow not, frantik fule ! forbear 

Xo fla with dart intoxicat, 

And cruellie deVoir my deif ? 




Wa worth the wretche, wa worrii the clan, 
Wa worth the wit, that firft began 
This deir debait for to upfteir, 
Contrare the lawis of God and man. 
To niurther cruellie my deir, 

Throw th€ is lawlcs libertie. 
Throw the mifcheif and crueltie,. 
Throw th^ fals men thair heidis upbeir, 
Throw th6 is baneift equitie,. 
I'hrow the to graif is gone my deir. 

Throw th^ mae Kings than ane dois ring. 
Throw th6 all tratours bljthelie fing, 
Throw the is kendlit civill weir, % 

Throw th6 murther wald beir the fwing, 
Throw the to graif ig gone mj deir. 


Throw th^ is rafit flartfum ftryfe. 
Throw th^ the vitall breith of lyfe 
Is him bereft, did with th6 beir, 
Quhen gallow-pin, or cutting knyfe^^ 
Suld flranglit the, and faift n^ deir. 

UngraitfuU grome ! fie recompence 
Was not condigne to thjrne offence, 
. With glowing gunne that man to teir^ 
From doggis deith was thy defence :. 
To th^ fie mercie fchew my deir. 

O curfit Cain, O hound of hell, 
O bludie bairn of Ifhmaell, 
Gedaliah ! quhen thow did fteir. 
To vicis all thow rang the bell. 
Throw cruel murther of my deir. 

i XIV 

James VI. 1567— 1 6o^. 3>' 


Allace mj dcir did not forfie, 
Quhen he gaif pardooe unto fhe, 
Maift wickit waretche, to men finfeeir 
Quhat paine he brpcht^ and miferie. 
With reuthfuU ruin to my deir. 


Bot trew it is, the godly n^en, 
Quhilk think no harme, nor falfet ken^ 
Nor haitret dois to uthers beir, 
Ar foneft bro'Sht lo deithis den j 
As may ht fene be this my deiF. 

Thairfoir to the I fay no moir, 
Bot I traift to the King of Gloir, 
That thow and thyne fall yit reteir 
Your camps with muming mynd richt foir. 
For cruell murther of my deir. 

or nobill Lordis of renoun, 
O baronls bauld, ye mak yow boun. 
To fute the field .with freche effeir. 
And dintis doufe, the pride ding douiv 
Of thame that biocht to graif my del p. 

Revenge his deith with ane aflenty 
With ane hart, will, myndc, and intent j 
In faithfull friendfchip perfeveir : 
God will yow favour, and thame fchent. 
Be work or word that flew my deir. 

Be crous ye Commouns, in this cace, 
In aventure ye cry allace, 
Quhen murtSctars the fwing fall beir. 
And from your native land yow ch ace, 
Unles that ye revenge my deir. 





La^ all tbat fifche be trapt in net. 
Was counfall, art, part, or refet, 
With thankfull mind and hartie cheir. 
Or yit with helping hand him met, 
Quhen he to graif did bring my deir. 

Defend your King, and fcir your God, 
Pray to avoyde his feirfull rod, 
Left, in his angrie wrath auileir, 
Ye puneift be, baith even and and 06, 
For not revenging of my deir. 

And do not feir the nutnber fmall^ 
Thocht ye be few, on God ye call. 
With faithful! hart, and mynde finceir,' 
He will b^ ay your braiin wall, 
Gif ye with fpeid revenge my deir. 

Hemuve all fluggifche' flcwth away, 
Lat lurking invy clene decay, 
Gar commoun weill your baner bcir, 
And peace and concorde it difplay, 
Quhen ye pas to revenge my deir. 

With fobbing fych I to yow fend 
This my complaynt with diew coihmend,* 
Defiring yow all, without fedr. 
My pure Scotland for to defend. 
Sen now to graif is gone my deir. 


. \ 


— is known as a Poet by the two foilowing pieces 
have been preferred in the Maidand Manufcript. 
Noodi fays that Alexander Arbuthnbt, Principal of 
ing*s College Aberdeen^ who died in 1 583, " was 
• in all the fciences^ and a ^ood poet." / can 
ore fee no reafon why we may mt fafely confider 
f the author of the Miferii^ of a poor Scholar, 
ularly as one of the diftinguifhirig traits of his 
Ber appears iery prominently in various parts cf 
"iem. " He was^ f^y^ ^^^ ArcTobifhop^ in fuch 
ount, for bis moderation, with the chief men 
the North, (i. e. about Aberdeen^ that with" 
his advice they could almcfl do nothings which 

him to great fafhery y Principal Arbuthnot was 
irdfon of R<^iert Arbuthnot, dominus ejufflem, 
fbire cf the Merns, and was educated for the 

but upon his declaiming himfelf in favour of the 
mationy he was prevailed upon to enter into orders ^ 
hout the year 1568 is defigned Parfon o/'Arbuth- 
nd Logy-Bodban. In ^that year he^^xms appointed 

General Afjemhly to Call in and revife a book en^ 
" The Fall of the Church of Rome," herein 
ng had been called itie 'head of the X^hurch ; and a 

book with a lenjod fong at the end of it, called 
)me fortunes. In 1569 he was made Principal of 
dlege of Aberdeen^ in the room o/* Alexander An- 
*> fuperfeded for refufingto fign the ^sitfeffion of 
Farther particulars of his life may be found in 
L. III. Tt Mackenzie's 


Mackenzie's Scots Writers, Vol. ^d, where be is faii 
to be the author of Orationes de origeoe &C digoitate 
juris ; Edinburg. 1572, 4to. 

The miseries of a fure scolar. 


O WRATCHiT warld ! O fals fcnyeat Fortoun ! 
O hecht unhappie ! O crjucl deftanie ! 
O clene miftemperit conftellatioun ! 

evil afped in trtj nativitie ! 

O. weird fifteris, qohat aKs yow at me ? 
That all doi» wirk thus contrair my intent* 
Quhilk is the caufe that 1 moume and laments 


All thing dois quyt proceid aganes my will ; * 
Bayth hevin and erth ar contrair me conjuritb^ 

1 luif the gude, and cummerit am with ill ; 
With wickit bait I daylie am allurit. 

To cheis my lyf I cannot be alTurit ; 
Now till ane thing, now till another bent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and Tament ? 

My hairt dois luf the trew religioun> 
And the trew God wald trewlie {erve, bot dout ; 
Bot atheifme, and fuperftitioun, 
Hes fa me now environit about, 
That fcantlie can I find quhair to get out, 
Betwix thir twa I am fo daylie rent, 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 

Under my God, I wald obey my prince ; 
Bot civile weir dois fa trouble the cais. 
That fcarcelie wait I quham to reverence y 



JAMES Vl. 1567—1603/ 331 

Quhat till efchew, or quhat for till embrace. 
Our nobils now fa fickil ar, alace ! 
This day thay fay, the mome^ thay will repent 
Quhat marxrel is thoch I murne and lament ? 

Faine wald I leif in concord, and in peice ; 
"Without devifioun, rancour, or debait. 
Sot now, alace ! in every land and place, 
The fyr of hatrent kindlit is fo hait. 
That cheretie doth ring in nane eftait ; 
Thoch all concur to hurt the innocent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 

I hate thraldome ; yet man I binge, and bek, 
And jouk, and nod, fum patroun for to pleys, 
I luf fredome ; yet man I be fubjeft j 
I am compellit to flatter with my feys. _ 
I me torment fum uther for till eis, 
Quha of my travale fcantlie is content. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ^ 


I luif na thing bot pure fimplicitie ; 
And to diflemble man my tung aflyle. 
The plane hie pathe is maiil plefand to me$ 
Yit fumtyme man I arm me with a wyle. 
Or, do I not, men faH me foune begyle ; 
Firflr me diflave fyn lauch quhen I am fchent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 


I luif larges, and liberalitie ; 

Yet povertie to fpend dois mak me fpair. 

I hate averice, and prodigaKtie ; 

To get fum geir yet maun I haif grit cair. 

Jn vanitie fyn I man it outwair- 

Woun be ane wretche, and into waiftrie fpent ! — 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 


■ 'Jf^^'T' 



I luif the vertew honeft diaiftltie ; 

To bawdifche boardis ye| maa I oft gif ^ar » ^ 
To fatisfie ane flefchlie cuiBpsHiie^ 
Lyk ruffian I man me fumtyme heir. 
In Venus' fcule i man fiim lef^Rmn leir, 
Gif I wald comptit be coartes and gent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne s^ lameat ? 

1 luif delyt ; and wrappit am in wo. 
I luif plefour ; and. plungit am in pane. 
I lift to^reft} jet man I rjde.and go. 
And quhen I lift to flie I m^u/a remain. 
With warldUc cair a gentil hart is flane ! 
I fell the finarty and dsu: nocht m$ik mj plent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and l^rment ^ 

I hait flatterie ; and into wourdls plane. 
And unaffe^it language, I deljrte ; 
Yet man I; leir to flatter^ glois, and fajne, 
Quhidder I lift to fpeik, or yh to wryte ; 
Or els men fall nocht oompt me worth a mytej 
I fall be rakinit rude or negligent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and laiiieot ? 

Scorning I hait ; yet maui^ I fmyle, and fnnrk, 
Quhen I the t^okks of uther men, b^hald. 
Yea oft*tymes. man I lauch, fuppofe I irl^ 
Quh^ bitterlie thair tauntis thay have tauld. 
And fumtynie als, quhidder I nyl or wald. 
And fcorne for fcorne to gif I man tak tent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I mui^ne aiid lament ? 

' xm. 

I luif modeft fober ciyilitie, 

Mixit with gentil courtes lawlin^s ; 

"Bot outher nsan I ufcfcurrilitiCj, 

^ • * 


JAHES TI. 15^7—1603. 333 

Or ds fie ftraunge and ui;icouth fremmitn^s. 
That I wait nocht quhane to ma]c merines ; 
Nor be quhat mene with men me to acquent. 
Quhat marvel is thoph I murae and lament ? 

With temperance I wald ufe meit ai?d drink j 
' And hes all furfat-banket in defpyt ; 
And yit at feiit and banket maun I wink ; 
And at thame hant quhaif I have no deljte. 
I ufe the ewilj and hes withaU the wyte ; « 

Thoch body bow^ jet dois the hairt diflent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 


All coftlie clayths I cornpt nppht worthe aae preine, 
Quhilk dois hot fofter pryde^nd vanitie; 
Yit dar I nocht in coon^pfipun place be'fene, 
Les I be clothit fumquhat gorgeouflie. . 
And bo^ I uocht, thane mpq fall talk of me ; 
And call me owther Wretqhe or Indigent. 
Quhat marvel is ^hocb 1 murne and lament ? 

With hairt and mynd I luif humilitie ; 
And pauchtie pry4 richt fair do I deteft ; 
But with the heich yet ipan I heichlie be ; 
Or with that fort 1 tall na fit in reft. 
This warld hes maid the proverb manifeft, 
Quha is ane fcheip the wpulf will fuqe him rent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 

With patience richt ferrqe I wa)d ouercum. 
And uther mens infirinities endure ; 
Bot thane am I comptit ane batie-bum ; 
And all men thinks a play me till injure. 
No fufFerance, but vice, dois thame allure ; * 
The mair 1 thole, the mair thay me torpieiit. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? i 

• ' xviir. 







J luif fUence and taciturnitie ; 
And in few wordis wald my parpols tell ; 
Yet fumtyme man I wourdis multiplier 
And mak my toung to ring as dois ane bell : 
With wylfuU folk 1 man bayth cry and yell. 
Or yeld to thame and quyt the argument. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 

I bait all fchameles gloriiitie ; 
And me delyte in modeft fchamefaftnes ; 
Yet fall I nocht be comptit worth ane flie. 
Without I fpeik of all nfeter be ges ; 
Gloir, and brag out, and tak a face of bres ; 
Nathing miiknaw under the firmament. 
Quhat marvel is thoch 1 murne and lament ? 

To charge, to aik, to put ane man to pane !• 
I wald be courtes, gentil, and difcreit ; 
Bot_quhyle I am, an ganand tyme remane^ 
I am ay fervit at the later meit ; 
And fum uthar is placit in my feit. 
That thocht no fliame for to be impudent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament? 

^ XXI. 
I luif the vertew callit gratitude, 
And lyk for lyk I yarne to yeild agane ; 
Yet can I nocht refave bet ill for gude^ 
And thay, in quhais danger 1 remane, 
I cannot quyt, albeit I wald richt fane. 
I want all micht ; na powar is me lent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 

I luif juftice ; and wald that everie man 
Had that quhilk richtlie dois to him perteine y 
Yet all my kyn, allya, or my clan, 


JAMES VI. 1567—1603/ 335 

tn richt or wrang I man alwayis mantene. 
[ maun applaud, quhen thay thair matters mene', 
rhoch confcience thairto do not confent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I mtirne and lament ? 

Sua thoch I luif the richt, and nocht the wrarig. 
Yet, gif ane freyndis cafe fall cum in hand. 
It to aflHil I maun bayth rjde and gang : 
And, as ane fcolar, leir to \;inderftand. 
That it is not repute vyce in this land. 
For wrang to rander wrang equivalent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 

Of trew freyndis faine wald I have gud flolr. 
With thame the leig of amitie to bind : 
Bot thoch I feik amang ane hundreth fcoir, 
Ane faythful frende now fcantlie can I find. 
That is nocht lycht, lyk weddercok in wynd. 
It is thocht vyce now to be permanent. 
Quhat marvel is- thoch I murne and lament ? 

In poetrie I preis to pas the tyme, 
"When cairfuU thochts with forow failyes me j 
Bot gif I mcll with meter, or with ryme. 
With rafcal rymours I fall rakint be. 
Thay fal me bourdin als with mony lie. 
In charging me with that quhilk neuer I mcnf. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament. 


I wald travel ; and ydlenes I halt ; 

Gif I culd find ^um gude vocatioun. 

Bot all fur nocht : in vain lang may I wait, 

Or I get honeft occupatiomi. 

Letters ar lichtliet in our natioun. 

For lernyng now is nother lyf nor rent^ 

Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 





And fchortli€ now, at ane wourde to conclade, 

I think this warld fa wrappit Ih mifchfeif. 

That gude is ill ; and lYL is callit gode. 

All thing I fee dois bot augment my greif. 

1 feil the wo, and can nocht fe releif : 

The Lordis plaig thronchout the warld is went. 

Quhat marvel is thoch I murne and lament ? 

^od Maijler Alexander Arhuthnot, 1572. 

That Principal Arbuthnot, and Arbuthnot the JPrincer, wercdift-. 
rent per fon 9, yj-ifwj not unlikefy; bur, notwithft^nding of all that 
has been advanced upon the fuhje^ by Mr Chalmers ih his Life of 
Rnddiman, p. 71. it is by ro meaiH afcertained that fhe Principal was 
not the perfon to whom Buchanan committed the careof publiftingh'* 
hiftory, although the Edinburgh Arbuthnot might be the a6lual prin- 
ter, ^'lackerzle, p. X91. rol. 3d. i» fo circ«i»mftantfal in hiaaccoont ff 
this matter, that one can fcarcely withhold aiTtnting to the truth of his 
narrative. Pcihaps there is tqual room for doubt with refpedto tw 
identity of the perfon who was appointed to call in Bafiendync's ctf»' 
tion of the Pfaims. For it would be fomewhat fiogular if the General 
Affembly fhould in 1568 fix upon Alcrander Atbdthnot, Parfcfn o* 
Logy-Buchan, to revifc and publiOi pfaims for the ufc of the kirk of 
Scotland, and yet that anothtr Alexander Arbuthnot, in Icfs than a do- 
zen years afterwards, fhould be appointed to priiit and publifh an c*' 
tion of the Bible, while the ftirmer was (till in the prtmc of life, >o '^^^ 
highcfl favour with the Proteftant Clcfgy, and>,had fhown himfelf Anx- 
ious for fonic lucrative employment. In ftanza 8th q{ the above pof^"^* 
he fayp, 

I hate averice arid prodlgaHtie ; 

To get fum gcir yet niailn I haif grit cali*. 
And again, in ftanza a6th. 

1 wald labour, and ydlcnefs I halt, 

Gif I culd get fum gude vocarioun ; . . . . 

Bot — J-ttters ar lichtliet in our natioun. • , . . 
Is it not rather probable that this very poeni procuijsd him the appo»n^' 
ment of King's printer ' The circUmftance of the publifher of Buchanan 
being a Burgefs of Edinburgh, is nothing to the purpofe. ^^'^^ Douglas, Bifhop of Dunkeld.yihough not. a ti*affickir. 



c Same. From the Maitand Collection* 


dewlie wald decerne, 

ire of gud wemen ; 

wald wis or yairn^ 

nlie clan to ken ; 

frit neid, I fay indeid, 

;is ma then ten : 

tfand fort ar all confortj,^ 

Tines to men, 


[eft thing of wit 
sr Nature wrocht ; 
n fra purpofe flit, 
lines of thocht, 
i now wis, ane erthlie blii5« 
if ye have focht ;-— 
rchandjce of griteft prjcQ 
er ony bocht. 

:hteft thing, hot baill, 
sr creat bein ; 
ieft, and maift leil ; 
eft, and beft gain ; 
ig- faireft, and langeft left ; 
I canker maift clein ; 
nmeft face, with gudlie grace^ 
htlie may be fein. 
III. U u IV. 



The blytheft thing in hour ; 

The bonyeft in bed, 

Plefant at everiic hour ) 

And eithe for to be fted ; 

An innocent, plaine and patent ; 

With craftines oncled ; 

Ane fimple thing, fueit and bening^ 

For deir nocht to be dred, 

To man obedient, 
£yin lyk ane willie wand ; 
Bayth faythfull, and fervent, . 
Ay reddie at command* 
Thay luif maifl: leill, thoch men do feUl^ 
And fchaikis oft of hand. 
Quhair anes thay love thjty hot remove ^ 
Bot fteidfaillie thay Aand. 

And, rychtlie to compair, 
Scho is ane turtill trew ; 
Hir fedderis ar rycht fair. 
And of au hevinlie hew. 
Ane luifing wicht, bayth fair and bricht. 
Gild properteis anew. 
Freind with delyte : fo but difpyte, 
Quho Inves hir fall not rew. 


Suppofe fcho feim ofFendit, 
Quhen men dois hir conftraine f -\ 
That fait is fone amendit, 
Hir mynde is fo humaine. 
Scho is content, gif men repent 
Thair fait ; and turne agane. 
Scho has na gyle, nor fubtil wyle? j 
Hir patliis af ay plane. . 


iAMis ri* i^Sj^^iSo^. 359 

VIII. _ 

Ane lyife full of delyite 

Gif je jour dajis Wald drie ; 

In paftyme maift perfyite 

Oif that ye lift to be j 

Tn gud eftait, bayth air and lait, 

Gif ye wald leif or die ; 

With wemea deill. Its trew I tell ; 

ifeis luik I fall not lie. 

Gif ony fault thair be, ' 

Alace ! men hes the wyit 
That geves fa gouketlre 
Sic rewleiis onperfyte ; 
Suld have the hjame^ and beir lyk {chamey 
Thpch thay wemen bakbyit, 
Wer thay wittie, wemen wald be 
Ane happie hairte's delyit. 

The properteis perpend 
Of everie warldlie wicdit J 
Sa comlie nane ar kend^ v 

As is a ladye brycht. 
Plefand in bed, bowfum and ted ; 
Ane daintie day and nycht. 
Ane halefum things ane hairtes Ij^ngi 
Gif men wald rewl thame richt» 

Quhen God maid all of nocht. 
He did this weill declare. 
The laft thing that he wrocht, 
It was ane woman fair. 
In workes we fee the laft to be ' 
Maift- plefand and preclair, 
Ane help to man God maid hir ^than : 
Quhat will ye I fay mair ? 




The papingo la hew 

Excedia hirdis all ; 

The turtill is maift trew ; 

The pawne but peregal. 

Yit nevif the les, ye may confes^ 

Woman is worth thame all ; 

Fair, fueity plefant ; trew^ meik, conftant ; 

Without all bitter gall. 

And tho^ch for wemennis faik 
Greit trouble hes bein fein^ 
Yit that dois naways maik 
That wemen wicked bein. 
We fie that kingia, for pretibus thiltgis^ 
Dois greteft weir fuftein. 
And yit the geir, for quhilk,thay weir, 
Js not the worfe a prein. 

Realmes and grit itnpyris 
Than fould be worthe na thing ; 
For cruell bluid, and fyris^ 
At fein in conquefing. 
All precious geir we fould forbeir ^ 
Refuis to be ane king ; l* 

Ya Chriftis worde fould be abhor'd*. 
For all dois troubills bring. 

Confes thairfoir for fchame. 
For fo ye muft indeid, 
That it is na defame 
To prys of womanheid* 
Suppofe that men^ for luve of thame^ 
In battels oft did bleid^: 
That fets thame fuithe to the maift worthe ; 
And fo thay ar indeid. 


JAMES VI, 1567 — ^1603. ' 341 


Ye wemen vicious, 

Gif ony fie be now. 

Grow not owr glorious 5 

I fpak no thing of yow : 

Thair is anew, bayth traift ahd trew, 

Quhom oplie I alio we. 

Thoch fum be ruid, monye ar gud. 

Ilk man cheis him ane dow. 

^lod Mr, A. Arluthnot. 

Here are omitted fome ftaDzas containing trite examples of the vir- 
tuous and vicious conduA of women, feledted from ancient hiflory, fa. 
cred and prophane ; and ferving no other purpofe but to add to the pro- 
lixity of the poem. 

Ib addition to what was offered in p. 536, ic may be obferved, that 
the only books which appear with the name of Aibuthnot as pi inter 

are,— ift. " The Bible," in folio, 1579 *<^- " Buchanan's Hiftory;'' — • 

3d. — ^^ WeIwood*8 De aqua in altum exprimenda demonftratio/' both 
an 1582. To the two former of thefe, the reverend Principal has -^t 
leaft a fpecious claim; and I believe that Welwood's pamphlet (£din. 
Coll. Lib.) will be found to have iffued from the fame prefs. Imprcf- 
iions by the contemporary printers of Scotland are conimon ; S^e A. 
nies'a Hift. of Scottifh printing. Even although one or two more edi- 
tions by Arbuthnot Ihould be difcovered, this argument will not be in- 
validated, unlefs the typographical ornaments are different from thofe 
of Buchanan's Hiftory^or the date fubfcqucnt to 1583. 




is cbara&erifed by Mr Plnkerton as a *' quaini 

affcBed writer^ and a great dealer in tin/el /' whilcy ori 
the other hand, by Lord Hailes he is deftgned ^* the ele- ^ 
gant author of the Cherrie and Slae," — a compliment 
which has not fallen to thejhare of many of our ancient 
poets from a pen fo eminently qualified to apprctiate their 
merits, To what family Montgomery belonged^ and 
how he became entitled to the appellation of Captain^ 
are circumftances which have not been afcertained — * 
'\thcre fecms no appearance of his being nearly allied ti> 
the houfc of EgUnton ; but we cannot doubt that the La'- 
dy Margaret Montgomery whom he celebrates in his 
f mailer pieces y was the eldefi daughter of Hugh, third 
Karl of Eg Union ; afterwards, or about J ^*] ^, married 
to Robert, Earl of Winton^for whofe benefit prohahly 
they were compofed, rather than for that of the author 
himfelf The Cherry and Slae has been fuppofcd tocoi" 
tain fome allufion to the poefs choice of a wife or mif 
trefs. Tie true f cope of the allegory feems^ bQ%ve*oer, 
to he nothing more than what is expreffed in the title of 
the Latin Verfion^ 1^3 f> ^^^' Opus poematicum de vir- 
tutum & vitiorum pugna, five, Eleftio flatus in ado- 
lefcentia. Per T. D. &c. In the fame title Montgo- 
mery is dejigned v\6^^\^ \ and, from his Flyting ^th 
Folwart, it appears that he was the intimate friend of 
Sempill, probably Robert the third Lord^ whom 1 take 
to be they author of fome facetious poems in the Ever • 
green. He married the younger fifler of the Lady 



JAMES VI. 1567^1603. 343 

Margaret Montgamery, and is thus mentioned hy Pol- 
wart in one of bis poetical epiftles to our author. 

Farder thow fleyis with uther fowlis wmgis, 
Oer clade with colours cleirer than thy a>yn, 
But fpeciallie with fome of Semple's thingis. 

Whether this alludes merely to the Flyting, is uncertain, 
Polwart alfo reprefents hifn as a fchifmatick^ coming 
from Argyle^ ^*fidging andfyhand with Heiland cheir^'^ 
ivhicb leads to a recolleition that about this time (1580) 
there was a Robert Montgomery, Mini/ler in Stirling^ 
who was made Archhijhop of Glafgow //i ijSr, but in 
a few years furrendered the See and became Miniver of 
Symontoun in Kyle in 1587. In the Bannatyne MS, 
are two or three pf alms tranjlated by Robert Montgo- 
mery, probably the fame confcientious Parfon^ and per^- 
haps the brother of Captain Montgomery* 


xXbout an bank with bahiiy be wis, 
Quhair Nychtingales thair notis renewis. 

With gallant Goldfpinks gay ; 
The Mavis, Merle, and Progne proud. 
The Lintquhjt, Lark, and liavrock loud, 

Salutit mirthful May. 
Quhen Philomel had fweitly fung. 

To Progne fcho deplord, ^ ^ 

How Tereus cut out hir tung. 

And falfly hir deflord ; 
Quhilk ftory fo forie to fchaw hirfelf fcho felmt. 
To heir hir fo neir hir, I doutit if I dreimt. 



The Cufhat crouds, the Corbie crys. 
The Coukow ^ouks« the prattling Pjes, 

To geek hir they begin. 
The Jargpun or the jangling Jajes, 
The craiking Craws, and keckling Kays, 

Thej deavt me with thair din. 
The painted pawn with Argos eyis. 

Can on his mayock call ; 
The Turtle wails on witherit tries. 

And Eccho anfwers all, 
Repeting with greiting, how fair Narcifliis fel^^ 
By lying and fpying his fchadow in the vrell. 

1 faw the Hurcheon and the Hare 
In hidlings hirpling heir and thair. 

To mak thair morning mange. 
The Con, the Cuning, and the Cat, 
Quhais dainty downs with dew were wat,^ 

With ftif muftachis ftrange. 
The Hart, the Hynd, the Dae, the Rae, ^ 

The Fulmart and falfe Fox ; 
The beardit Buck clam up the brae. 

With birfly Bairs and Brocks ; 
Sum feiding, fum dreiding the hunters fubtile fnairs. 
With fliipping and tripping, they playlt them in pairs.^ 

The air was fobir, foft, and fweit, 
Nae mifty vapours, wind nor weit. 

But quyit, calm, and cleir. 
To fofter Flora's fragrant flowris, 
Quhairon Apollo's paramouris, 

Had trinklit mony a teir ; 
The quhilk Ijke filver fchaikers fhynd, 

Embroydering bewtie^ bed, 
Quhairwith their heavy heids declynd. 

In May is collouris cled. 
Sum knoping, fum droping, of balmy liquor fweit, 
Exceliiog and fmelling, throw Phebus hailfum heit. 


« - . • 

jANiEi VI. 156^-^1605. 345 

' i ' ' ' ■ ' ■ . 

Methocht an hcav^nli^ Keartfutn thtn^^ 
Quhair dew lyke Diamdii'^s did hnig; 

Owre twinkling aH the treis. 
To ftudy on the flarift tWiff s. 
Admiring Nature's alcuthifts, * 

Laborious buffie beis, 
Qtfhairof fum fweiteft Kdnie focht. 

To (lay thair ly ves fra6 fterve, 
And fum the waxie vefcheBs wroctit, ' 

I'hair purchafe to prefetv^ ; 
So helping, for keiping it in thair hyves they hydey 
Precifely aCnd wyfely, foii winter they provyde. 

To pen the pleafures of that park. 
How every bloflbm, branch, and batrk, 

Againft the fun did ihyne, 
I pafs to Poietis to compyle. 
In hich heroick ftaitlie rfyle, 

Quhais Mufe futmatches myne. 
Biit sb I lukit myne alan^', 

I faw a river rih 
Outov^re a ffeipie rock of ftdne, 

Syne lichtit in a linj 
With tumbling and runabling atnahg the roches round^ 
IJevalling and* falling, into a pit profound. 

Throw rowting of the river rang, 
*lTie roches founding lyke a fang, 

Quhair de&ant did abound ; 
With triple, tenor, countet*, mein, , 

And Ecchoe blew a baffe betwenei 

In diapafon found, 
Set with the c-fol-fa-uth cleif. 

With lang and large at lid 4 
With quaver, crotchet, femibreif. 

And not an minum miff, . 
Coitipleitly mair fweitly fcho fridbund flat and fcharp, 
i^ot IVfufes that ufes to pin Apollo's harp. 

Vol, III. X X Q^"!. 

34^ CHROKICIX' 09 SeOTTiai FOfiTtf. 

Quha wald haif tjrt to heir that tone, 
Qohilk birds corroborate ay abone. 

With lajs of lavefom Larks, 
Qohilk dim fae high in chrjftal ikjs, 
Qohjle Copid walkens with the crys. 

Of Natores chappel clerks, 
Qoha leving all the Hevins above^ 
^ Alichted on the einK 

Lo hpw that little Lord of love. 

Before me thair appeird, 
Sae mjld and chjld Ijk, with bow three quarters fcant) 
Syne mojlie and cojlie, he lokit Ijk ai\e Sant. 

Ane cleinlj crifp hang owre his ejis,. 
His quaver by his nakit thyis. 

Hang in an filver laee ; 
Of gold betwixt his fchoolders grew, 
Twa pretty wings quhairwith he flew. 

On his left arm ane brace. 
This God fone aff his geir he fchuke, 

Upon the graffie grund ; 
I ran als lichtly for to luke,. 

Quhair ferlies micht be fund : 
Amaiit I gafit to fee his geir fa gay ; 
Ferfaifing myne haveing, he countit me his prey. 

His youth and ftatore made me flout. 

Of doublenefs I had na doubt, ^ 

But bourded with my boy. 
Quod I, how call they thee, xnj chyld ? 
Cupido, Sir, quod he, and fmyld, 

Plcafe you me to imploy ; 
For I can ferve you in your fuite„ 

If you plcafe to impyre. 
With wings to flie, and fchafts to fchute 

Or flamis to fet on fyre. 
Mak choice then of thofe then, or of a thoufand things, 
But crave them &have them, with thatlwo'dhis wings. 



JAMES VI. 1567—1603. 347 

|!2uhat/wald thou gif, my freind, q^od be, 
To half thir wanton wings to flie. 

To fport thy fprit a quhyic ; 
Or quhat gif I fold lend the heir^ 
^ow, quaver, fchafts, and fchuting geir, 

Suni body to begyld ! 
That geir, quod I, cannot be bocht, 

Yit I wald half it fain. 
Quhat gif, quod he, it coft thee nocht. 

But rendering all again : 
His wings then he brings then, and band theip on mybak, 
Go flie novr, quod he, now, and fa my leif I tak. 

J fprang up with Cupidoes wings, 
Quha bow and fchuting geir ^efinge. 

To lend me for a day. 
As Icarus with borrowit flicht, 
I mountit' hichar nar I micht ; 

Owre perrelou^ ane play. 
Then furth I drew that double dart 

Quhilk fumtyme fchot his mother, 
Quhairwith I hurt my wanton hart, 


In hop^ to hurt ane uther : 
It hurt me or burnt me, quhyl either end I handill i. 
Cum fe now in me now the buttexflie and candiU* 

As fcho delyts into the lowj 
Sa was I btowdin of my bow, 

Als ignorant as fcho ; 
And as fcho flies quhyl fcho be fyiit. 
Sua with the dart that I defyirt. 

My hand has hurt me to ;. 
As fuliih Phaeton be fute 

His father's cart obteind> 
Sa lapgt I in lufis bow to fchute. 

Not marking quhat it meind ;^ 
i^air wilful than flcilful, to flie I was fa fond, 
Defy ring, afpyrin^, and fa was fene vpond. 





Top late I ^new qulu hewis to bie. 
The fpail falji fall into his eie, 

Tbo late I went to fchuils ; 
Top late I beard the fwallow preich^ 
Too late Experience dois teicby 

The fchuil-maifter of fails ; 
Too Ute to fjnd t}w neft I feik, 

Quhen all the birds ar flowin \ 
Too late the fts^bil dore I fteik, 

Quhen all the fields ar ftov?in ; ^ 
Too late aj thair ftate ay, aU fuliih folk pfj^y. 

Behind fa, they .find fa remeid, and £a do I. 

' • . ■ ' • ' ' ■ • . 

Gif I had ryplie bene advyfi, 
I had not rafchly enter prjft, 

To foir with borrowit pens ; 
Jfor yit had feyd the archer-crafty 
To fchute my fell with fie a fchaft. 

As reafon quyte miikens : 
Frae wilfuUnefs gaif me my wound^ 

I h^d nae force to Bie^ 
Tben came I gra\nand to the ground. 

Freind ! welcum hame, quod he \ [tbe buting I 
Quhair flew ye i qiih^m (lew ye ? or quha brings hame 
I fe now, quod he» now, ye haif bene at tb^ fcbuting. 

As fkorn cums commonly with &aitb, 
Sa I behuift to byde them baith, i 

Sae ftakkering was my ftait ! 
That undir cure I gat fie chek^ 
Quhilk I micht nocht remuif nor nek, 

But either fl:ail or mait ; 
My agony was fa extreme, 

I fwelt and fwound for feir, 
But or 1 walkynt of my dreme. 

He fpiily led me of mj geir ; 
With flieht then on hicht then fprang Cupid in the ikys, 
Foryetting an.d fetting at nbcht my cairful crys. 

^ ■ ■ Sac 

F^ r» 

"/AMES VI. 1567 — 1603. 

6ae lang with ficht I follqwit him, 
jQuhyle baith my dazelit eyes grew dim 

With (lairing on the ftajrns, 
iQuhilk flew fae thick be^oir mj ein. 
Sum reid, fum yellow, blew, fum grene^ 

Quhilk tn;^blit all my harns. 
That every thing apperit twae 

To my barbulyeit brain, 
But lang micht I ly luiking fae^ 

Or Cupid came again ; [the air 

jQuhais thundering, with wondering, I hard up throw 
Throw cluds £0 he thuds fo, and flew I wift not quhair* 

Then frae I faw the God was gane, 
And I in langour left allane, 

And fair tormentit to ; 
Sumtyme I ficht, quhyl I was fad, 
Sumtyme 1 mufit and maift gane jnad, 

I will not quhat to do 5 
Sumtyme I ravit, half in a rage. 

As ane into difpair, 
To be oppreft with fie a page. 

Lord gif my heart was fair. 
l.yke Dido, Cupido^ I widdill and I warie, 
Quha reft me apd left me in fip a feide-farie. 

Then felt I Curage gad Defyre 
Inflame my heart with uncouth fyre, 

To me befoir unknawn ; 
But now nae blude in me remains 
Unbrunt and boyld within my vaines, 

By luve his bellies blawin ; 
To quench it or I was devorit, 

With fichs I went about, 
But ay the mair I fchupe to fmorit, 

The baulder it brak out •, 
Ay preifing bot ceifing, quhjl it micht brek the bgunds. 
My hew fo furth ffhew fo the dolcur of piy wounds. 
' ' \ With 



With deidly vifagc, pail and wan, 
Alair.ljke ane atomy than man, 

I widdcrt cUin away ; 
As wax befoir the fyre, 1 felt 
M J heart within my bofom melt. 

And peice and peice decay, 
]^f J veines with brangling Ijk to brek. 

My punfis lap with pith j 
Sac fervency did me infek, 

That I was vext thairwith : 
My heart ay did dart ay, the fjrie flamis to flie, 
Ay howping, throw lowping, to leap at libertie. 

But, O alace I it was abuiit. 

My cairfuU corps keipt it inclufit. 

In prefoun of my breift ; . 
With fichs fae fowpit and owre-fet, 
Lyk to ane fifch fall in the net, 

In deid thraw undeceift, 
Quha thocht in vain fcho ftryve by ftrenth 

For to pull out hir heid, 
Quhilk profits naethjing at the length, 

But haiftnin? to hir deid : 
With wrifting and thrifting, the falter ftill is fcho, 
Thair I fcrdid ly fo, my death advancing to. 


The mair I wreftlit with the wind, 
The fafter ftill my felf I find, 

Nae mirth my mynd micht meife ; 
Mair noy, nor I, had nevir nane, 
I was fae altert and owre-gane, 

Throw drowth of my difeife : 
Yit weakly as I micht, I raife. 

My ficht grew dim and dark, 
I ftakkerit at thp windill-ftraes, 

Na^ takin I was ftark ; 
Baith fichtles and michtles I grew almaift at ains, 
In angwikhe 1 langwifche, with mohy grievous grains. 



JAMES VI. 1567— l6ojJ 3>t 

"With fober pace I did approche 
Hard to the river and the roche^ 
Quhairof I fpak befoir } 
The river fie a murmur maid. 
As to the fea it faftly flaid. 

The craig hich, ftaj and fchpiif : 
Then Pleafure did me fae provok 

Thair partly to repair. 
Betwixt the river and the rock, 

Quhair Houp grew with Difpaire •, 
A trie than I fie than of Cherries on the brae^y 
Below to I faw to ane bufs of bitter Slaes. 

The Cherries hang abune tnj heid, 
Ljke twjnkland rubies round and reid, 

Sae hich up in the hewch^^ 
Quhais fchaddowis in the river fchew, 
Als graithly glancing as they grew ' 

On trimbling twiftis, and tewch, 
Quhilk bowed throw burding of thair birth y 

Declyning doun thair toppis, 
Reflex of Phebus off the firth. 

New cplourit all thair knoppis ; 
With danfing and glanfing in tryl, as dornik champ, 
Quhilkflreimedandieimedthrow liclKnefs of that lamp. 

With earneft eie, quhyl I efpy 

The fruit betwixt me and the iky, ' 

Half-gaite almaifl to hevin ; 
The craig fa© cumberfum to dim. 
The trie fae tall of growth, and trim,- 

As ony arrow evin : 
I calld to mynd how Daphne did 

Within the laureU fchrink,, 
Quhen from Apollo fcho hir hid 

A thoufand tymes I think ; 
Tha* trie thair to me thair, as he his laurell thocht, 
Afpyring, hot tyring, ta get that fiuit I focht. 




To dim the craig it was nae buit. 
Let be to preifs to pull the fruit 

In top of all the trie ; 
I faw nae way quhaiil>y to cutn. 
Be 007 CI aft to get it clum, 

Appeirandlie to me : 
The craig was ugly, ftay, and dreich', 

The trie lang, found and fmall/ 
I was aflFrayd to dim fa hich. 

For feir to fetch a fall ; 
AfFrayit to fey it, I luikit up on loft. 


Quhyls minting, quhyls dinting, my purpofe chatig^ 

Then Dreid ,with Danger arid Difpair, 
Forbad jny minting onie mair 

To rax abune my reiche. 
Quhat, tufche, quod Curage, man go to," 
He is but daft that has to do, 

And fpairs for every fpeiche :. 
For I haif aft hard fuith men fay, 

And we may fee outfdls, 
That fortune helps the hardy ay. 

And pultrones" plain repells 5 [Dilp^^'"* 

Then feir nocht, nor heir nocht, Direid, Danger, or 
To fazarts hard hazarts is dcid or they cum thaTr. 

Quha fpeids, but fie as heich afpyris ? 
Quha triumphs nocht, but fie as tyres 

To win a nobill name ? 
Of fchrinking, quhat but fchanib fucceids ? 
Then do as thou w aid haif thy deids 

In regifler of fame : 
I put the cais thou nocht prev^ild, 

Sae thou with- honour die ; 
Thy lyfe, but not thy courage, faild, 

Sail poets pen of thee : 
Thy name than from fame than fallnevir be cut ai*> 

Thy graif ay fall haif ay that honeft epitaff. 



JAMES VI* 1567—1603. 353 

(^hat can thou lofle, qahen honour lives ? 
Renown thy vcrtew aj revives, 

Gif valiauntlie thou end : 
Quod Danger, hutlj, freind, tak heid^ 
Untjtnous fpij^rring fpills the fteid ; 

Tak tent quhat je pretend : 
Thocht Courage counfell thee to clim^ 

Beware thou kep nae ikaith ; 
Haif thou nae help but Hope and him. 

They naay begyle thee baith : , 
Thyfell now maj tell now the counfell of thae clerks. 
Quhairthrow jit I trow yit thy breift beiris the marks. 

Brunt bairns v^ith fyre the danger dreids, 
Sa I belief thy bofome blelds. 

Sen laft that fyre thou felt : 
Befyds that, feindle tymes thou feis 
That evir Courage keips the keis 

Of knawledge at his belt. 
Thocht he Bid ford wart with his guns, 

Small powder he provyds. 
£e not ane novice of that nunnes, 

That faw nocht l^aith the fyds ; 
Fule-haift ay, almaift ay, oWrefyles the ficht of fum, 
Quhahuksnot, nor luks not, quhat eftirward may cum. 

Yit Wifdom wifches thee to wey 
This figure in philofophy, 

A lefToun worth to leir, 
Quhilk is in tyme for to tak tent, 
And not quhcn tyme is paft, repent. 

And buy repentance deir. 
Is thair nae honour eftir lyfe, 

Except thou flay thy fell ? 
Quhairfoir has Atropos that knyfe ? 

I trow thou cannot tell. 
Quha but it wald cut it, quhilk Qotho fkairs hes fp.un, 
Diftroying thy joying befoir it be begun, 

VoL.m. Yy AH 



All owres ar repute to be vyce, 

Owrc hich, owie law, owre rafch, owre nycc, 

Owre het or yit owre cauld. 
Thou feims uirconftant, be thy figns. 
Thy thocht is on a thoufatid things. 

Thou wats not quhat thou wald. 
Let fame hir pitie on the poure, 

Qiihen all thy banes ar brokin, 
Yone Slae^ fuppofe thou think it.foure. 

May fatisfie to flokkin [ddjTt 

fhj drouth now, of youth now, quhilk drys thee witi 
Afwage than thy rage, man, foul water quenches fy^^^ 

Quhat fule art thou to die of thrift. 
And now may quench it, gif thou lifty 

Sae eafylie>bot pain ! 
Mair honour is to Vanquifoh ane 
, Than fcicht with tenfum and be tane. 

And owther hurt or flain. 
The prattick is to bring to pas, 

And not to ehterpryfe ; 
And als gude drinking out of glas. 

As gold in ony wyfe ; 
I levir haif evir a foul in hand or tway. 
Nor fteand ten flieand about me all the day* 

Luke quhair thou licht beifoir thou lowp. 
And flip na certainty for howp, 

Quha gyds thee but begefs. 
Quod Courage, cowards tak nae cure 
To fit with fchame, fae they be fure, 

1 4yke them all the lefs. 
Quhat plefure purcheft is bot pain ? 

Or honour win with eife ? 
He will not ]y quhair he is flain. 

That douttis befoir he dies : 
For feir then 1 heir then, but only ane remeid, 
Quhilk lat is, and that is for to cut off the heid. 


JAMES VI. 1567-^1603. 355 

Qubat is the way to heil thj hurt ? 
Quhat IS the way to flay thy fturt ? 

Qahat meins may roak thee merrie ? 
Quhat is the comfort thar thou craivo ? 
Suppofe thir fophifts thee defaivs : 

Thou knaws it is the Cherrie. < 
Sen for it only thou but thrifts, . 

The Slae can be nae buit ; 
In it alfo thy helth confifts, 

And in nae uther fruit. [ftryfe ? 

Qahy^<iuaiks now, andfchaiks thow and ftudys at our 
Advyfe thee, it lyes thee, on nae lefs than thy lyfc. 

Gif^ony patient wald be panft, 
Quhy fuld he lowp quhen he is lanft. 

Or fchrink quhen he is fchorn ? 
For I haif hard chirurgians fay, 
Aftymes dcfferring of a day, \ 

Micht not be mend the morn. 
Tak time in time, ox time be tint ; 

For time will^not remain. 
Quhat forces fyre out of the flint. 

But als hard match again ! 
Delay not, and^^fray not, and thou fall fie it fae. 
Sic gefs. ay that fets ay, ftout ftomaks to the brae. . 

Thocht all beginnings be maift hard. 
The end is plefand afterward ; 

Then fchrinl^ not fqr a fchowre 5 
Frae anes that thou thy greining get, 
Thy pain and travel is faryet 5 

The fweit excel ds the foure, 
Gae to then quicklie, fcir not thir. 

For Howp gude hap hes^hecht. 
Quiod Danger, be not fudden. Sir, 

.The matter is of wecht ; [ill^ 

Firft fpy baith, and try baith, advyfement does nane 
I fay then, ye may then, be wilful! quhen ye will. 





But yit to mjnd the proverb call, 
*^ Quha ufcs perrils perifli fall," 

Schort quhyle thair Ijfc them lafts. 
And I half hard, quod Howp, that he 
Salt nevir fchaip to fail the fe, 

That for all perrills cafts. 
How monj throw difpair are deid. 

That nevir pet rills preivit ? 
How monj alfo, gif thou reid. 

Of lyves have we relcivit ? • 
Quha being cvin dieing, bot danger, but difpatrd; 
A hunder, I wonder, but thou haft hard declaird. 

Gif we twa hald not up thy hart, 
Quhilk is the cheif and nobleft part. 

Thy wark wald not gang well ; 
Goniidering thae companions can 
Difwade a filly fimple man. 

To hafard for his heil, 
Suppofe they haif defavit fum. 

Or they and we micht meit ; 
They get nae credence quhair we cum, 

With ony man of fpreit ; 
By reafoun thair treafoun be us is firft 6fpyt, 
Revelling thair deiling, quhilk dow not be d^nyt. 

With fleikit fophifms feiming fweit, 
As all thair doings war difcreit. 

They wifli thee to be wyfe, * 

Poftponing tyme frae hour to hour. 
But faith in underneath the flowr, 

The lurking ferpent lyes ;" 
Suppofe thou feis her not a ftyme, 

Till that fcho flings thy f ute. 
Perfaifs thbunocht quhat precious tyrtie, 

Thy flewthing 'does owrefchiite ? 
Allace man ! thy cafe nian, in lingring I lament, 
Go to now and do now, that Courage be content. 



^r-^-r ' ■ 

JAMES VI. 1567-^1603. 3^7 

Qubat gif Melancholy cum in. 
And get ane grip or thou begin. 

Than is thj labour loft ; 
For he will hald thee hard and faft. 
Till tjme and place and fruit be paft. 

And thou give up the ghoft. 
Than fall be graivd upon the ftane, 

Quhilk on thy graif is laid, 
Sumtyme thair lived fie a ane ; 

But how fall it be faid I 
Here lyes now, but pryfe now into difhonours bed. 
An cowart as thou art, that from his fortune fled, 

loiagyne man, gif thoUvWer laid 

In graif, and fyne micht heir this faid, 

Wald thou not fweit for fchame ? 
Yes, faith I doubt nocht but thou wald ; 
Therefoir gif thou has ene behald. 

How they wald fmoir thy fame. 
Qae to and mak nae mair exc.ufe. 

Or lyfe and honour lofe , 
And outher them or ns refufe, 

Thair is nae uther chofe. 
Con&ddcr togidder, that we can nevir dwell. 
At length ay by ftrength ay thae pultrones we expcll. 

Quod Danger, fen I underfland. 
That counfell can be nae command, 

J I have nae mair to fay, 
Except gif that ye thocht it good, 
Tak counfell yit or ye conclude 

Of wyfer men nor thay ; 
Thejr are but rdcklefs, yung and rafche ; 

Suppofe they think us fleit ; 
Gif of our fellowfchip you fafche, 

Gang with them hardly beit, 
God fpeid you, they kid you, that has not melkle wit. 
Expell us, yeil tell us, heiraftir comes not yit. 




I ; 

Quhyle Danger and Difpair retyrt, 
Experience came in and fpeirt 

C)uliat all the matter meind ; 
With him carae Reafori, Wit, and Skill, 
And the J began to fpeir at Will, 

Qjihair mak ye to my freind ? 
To pluck yone lufty Cherrie loc. 

Quod he, and quyte the flae. 
Qupd they, is there nae inair ado, 

Or ye win up the brae, 
But to it, and do it ? perforce the fruit to plucL; 
Weil, brother, fum uther were better to condu£ti, 

We grant ye may be gude aneuch ; ' ' , 

But yit the hazard of yon heuch, 

Rcquyris ane graver gyde ; 
As wyfe as ye are may gae wrang ; 
Thairfore tak couufail or ye gang 

Of fum that ftand befyde. ; . . • , 
Quod Wit, ane way ther is of thre, 

Qjihilk I fall to ye fchaw, 
Quhairof the firft twa cannot be^j 

For pny thing 1 knaw. 
The way heir fae (ley heir, is that we cannot clina, 
Evia owr now, we four now, that will be hard for hina^ 

The next, gif we gae doun about, 
Quhyle ^that this bend of craigs rin out. 

The ftrcim is thair fae ftark. 
And alfo pafTeth waiding deip. 
And braider far than we dow leip. 

It fuld be ydle wark. 
It grows ay braider to the fea. 

Sen owre the lin it came. 
The rinning deid dois fignifie 

The deipncfs of the fame : 
I leive now to dcive now, how that it fwyftly ilyds, 
As fleipiDg and creiping, but nature fae provyds. 

< Our 

JAMES Vi. i^6j — 1^63. 359 

Gur way then lyes about the lioj 
Quhairby I warrand we fall win, 

It is fae ftraight and plain, ^ 
The w^ater alfo is fae fchald, 
"We fall it pafsj evin as we wald. 

With plefour, and bot pain. 
For as we fe a mifcheif grow 
Aft of a feckles thing, 
Sae lykways dois this river flow 

Forth of a prettie fpring ; [aclve, 

Qu^hois throt, Sir, I wot, Sir, ye may (lap with yoiu- 
As you, Sir, 1 trow, Sir, Experience can preive* 

That, quod Experience, 1 can. 
And all ye faid fen ye began, 

I ken to be a truth. 
Quod Skill, the famyn I apiuve ; 
Quod Reafon, then let us remuve. 

And fleip nae mair in fleuth : 
Wit arid Experience, quod hd. 

Sail gae befoir a pace. 
The Man fall cum with Skill and me 

Into the fecond place ; 
Attowre now you four now fall cum into a band, 
Proceiding and leiding ilk uther be the hand. 

As Reafon ordert, all obey d^ 
' Nane was owre rafch, nane was affrayd. 
Our counfell was fae wyfe. 
As of our journey, Wit did note. 
We fand it trcw in ilka jot, f 

God blifs the enterpryfe* 
For evin as we came to the tricy 

Quhilk as ye heard me tell, 
Could not be clum thair fuddenlie. 

The fruit, for rypenefs, fell ; 
' Quhilk haifting and taifting, I fand myfelf relievxi 
Of cairs all and fairs all that myrid and body grievd. 

^Mod Montgomery, 


A tedioui debate on the choice of a goide ii here omicted, we hope 
without iujury to the poem. 

P. 35X. St. 2. ** In tryl as doroik-champ.'* So this line is foaod ia 
feveral old editions: and in the Evergreen T724, ^ In tyrles doroick 
camp •/* both of them obfcure. The paifage is thus rendered in the 
Latin verfion, 

nibet Tub gurgite claro 

Umbra velut rutilo ardentes prx f^ole pyropi. 

Dornick is a fort of cloth, in-wrought with flower% or figures; fo that 
^he meaning may be, ** like the variegated appearance of Dornick, or 
Tournay cloth.** 

lu a poem called " The Woman% Uoivcrfe,** 1652, we hav^ 

X The wehfter with his Jumbling hand, 
And Dornick champion naprics, 
Will make the coyeft wench to ftmd 
A prentice to his fop'rics. 



Bj^ the Samel 


Jl-aUifaris leive of to loif fo hie 
Your ladeis ; and thame ftyel no maix 
But peir, the eirthlie A per fe^ 
And flour of feminine maift fair : 
Sen thair i^ ane without compair, 
Sic tjtillis in your fangs deleit ; 
And prais the pereles (pearl) preclait*, 
Montgonarie maikle;5 Margarcit. 


Quhpfe port, and pereles pulchritude, 
Fair forme, and face angelicall. 
Sua meik, and full of manfuetude. 
With vertew i'upernaturall ; 
Makdome, and proper niembefs all, 
Sa perfjte, and with joy repleit, 
Pruifs hir, but peir or peregall, 
Of maids the malkles Margareit, 

Sa wyfe in youth, and verteous, 
Sic reflbun for to rewl the reft. 
As in greit age wer marvelous. 
Sua manerlie, my Id, and modeft ; 
Sa grave, fa gracious, and digeft ; 
And in all doings fa difcreit ; 
The maiil bening, and bonieft,' 
Mirrour of madins Margareit. 

Vol. III. 7.% I"^* 

,^^ "^J 



PigmaleoD, that ane portratour. 
Be painting craft, did fa decoir^ 
Himfelf thairwith in paramour 
Fell fuddenlie ; and fmert thairfoir. 
Wer he alyve, he wald deploir 
His folie ; and his love forleit, 
This fairer patrane to adoir. 
Of maids the maikles Margareit. 

Or had this njmphe ben^ in thefe dayis 
Quhen Paris judg^t in Helicon^ 
Venus had not obtenit fie prayis. 
Scho, and the goddefli^ ilk one, 
Wald have prefert this paragon, 
- As marrowit, but matche, moft meit 
The goldin ball to bruik alone ; 
Marveling in this Margareit. 


Quhofe nobill birfh, and royal bluid, 
Hir better nature dois exceid. 
Hir native giftes, and graces gud. 
Sua boilteouflie declair indeid 
As TvaiUy and wit of womanheid, 
That fa with vertew dois ourfleit* 
Happie is he that fall poiTeid 
In marriage this Margareit ! 

Help, and graunt hap, gud Hemene ! 
Lat not thy pairt in hir inlaik. 
Nor lat not dolful deftanie, 
Mifhap, or fortoun, work hir wraik. 
GraiH lyik unto hirfejf ane maik ! 
_That will hir honour, luif, and treit ; 
And I fall ferve him for hir faik. 
Fairw^in, my Maiftres Margareit. 




By the Same. 


I E hevins abone, with heavenlie ornaments, 
Extend your courtins of the criftall air! 
To afuir colour turn your elements. 
And foft this feafon, quhilk hes bene fchairp and fair* 
Command the cluds that they diffolve na mair j 
Nor us moleft with miffie vapours weit. 
For now fcho cums, the faircft of all fair. 
The mundane mirrour maikles Margareit. 

The myildeft May j the mekeft, and modeft ; 
The faireft flout, the frefcheft flourifhing ; 
The lamp of licht ; of youth the luflief): ; 
The blytheft bird, of bewtie maift bening ; 
Groundit with grace, and godlie governing, 
JVs A perfe^ abonfe all elevat. 
To quhame comparit is na erthlie thing j 
^or with the gods fo heichlie eftimate^ 

The goddes Diana, in hir hevinlie throne, 
lEvin at the full of all hir majeftie, 
f^uhen fli^ beievit that danger was thair none, 
]Bo^ iii hir fphere afcending up maift hie, 
XTpon this nymph fra that fcho caft hir ei, 
Slufching for fchame, out of hir fchync fhe flippis; 
Thinking fcho had bene Phebus verilie. 
At whofe depairt fcho fell into th' ^cHppis. 




The afters cleir, and torchis of the nicht, 
Quhilk in the fterrie firmament wet fixit, 
Fra thay perfavit Dame Phoebe los hir licht, 
Lyk diamonts with criftall perls mixit. 
They did difcend to fchyne this nymph annixit ^ 
Upon hir fchoulders twinkling everie on. 
Quhilk to depaint it wald be owr prolixity 
How thay in ordour glifler on hir gown. 

Gif fhe had bew into the dayis auld, 
Quhen Jupiter the fchape of bull did tak, 
Befoir Europe quhen he his feit did faidd^ 
Quhill fcho throw courage clam upon his bak' 
Sum greater mayck, I wait, he had gart mak, 
Hir to have flolin be his flichtis quent ; 
For to have paft abone the zodiak. 
As quein, and goddes of the firmament. 

With golden fchours, as he did Clemene, 
He wald this vlrgine furteoufly defave. 
Bot I houp in the goddds Hemen6, 
Quhilk to hir hirother fo happie fortoitn gave, 
That fcho fall be exaltit, by the laif, 
Baith for hir bcwtie, and hir noble bluid. 
And of myfelf ane fervand fcho fall haif 
Unto I die : and fo I doe concluid. 

!^od A. Montgomerie* 



By the Same, 


X^YK as the dum Solfequium with cair owrecum 

Deis forrow, quhen the fun gois out of ficht, 

Hings doun his heid, and droupis as dcid, and will not 

But lukis his levis throw langour all the nicht. 
Till fulifch Phaeton aryfe with quhip in hand 
To purge the chriftal fkyis, and lioht the land. 
Birds in thair bower wait on that hour. 
And to thaip King ane glade gude-morrow gives 
Frae than that flowir lifts not to lour, 
But lauchs on Phebus lowfing out his leivs. 


Swa ftands with me, except I be quhair I may fe 

My lamp of licht, my lady and my luve, 

Frae fcho depairts, a thoufand dairts in findry airtr 

Thirle thruch my heavy heart, bot reft or ruve. 
]\Iy'coimtenance declairs my inwarS greif, 
And houp almaift difpairs to find releif. 
I die, I dwyne, play dois me pyne, 
I loth on every thing I luke, allace f 
"Xill Titan myne upon me fchyne. 
That I revive thruch favour of hir face. 


Trae fcho appeir into hir fphere, begins to clcir 

The dawing of my lang defyrit day. 

Then courage cryis on houp to ryfe, quhen he efpyi.^» 
The noyfum nicht of abfens went away | 



» »^it.r;« 



No nojis, frae I awalkc, can me impcfche,' 

But on my ftaitly ftalk I flurifche frefche, 

I ipring, I fprout, mj leivs ly out, 

My colloui" changis in ane hairtfum hew ; 

Na mair I lout, but ffand up ftout. 

As glad of hit for quhome i only grew. 

happy day ! go not away, Apollo flay 
Thy cliair frae going doun unto the weft, 
Of me thou mak thy Zodiak, that I may tak' 
My plefour to behald quhome I luve heft. 
'Ihy prefens me reftoris to lyfe from deth, 
Thy abfens lykways fchoris to cut my breth. 

1 wifs in vain thee to lemain.' 

Sen primum mobile fays me always nay. 
At lei ft thy wane bring fiine again, 
Farewell with pat lens per forfs till day. 

From Pfalm kxxvI. 


Leave fin ere fin leave thee ; do gudc , 

And Vcih without delay. fit he will tomorrow be 

Qfiho :* rot fit tb-dav. 



1 q/hogieyWas the fecond fon of Patrick, ^^/ii 
^ Polwarth^ the lineal ancejior of the family of 
ont. From his poems sprinted in 1599 hy Ro* 
Idegrave, he appears to have been intended for 
huty like his contemporary Arbuthnot, he re- 
I that purfuit for reafons which he ajjlgns in ail 
poetical epijlle to his friend Dr. MoncriefF, the 
\yjteian ; and after making afruitlefs attempt to 
me promotion at Court y he entered into the fer* 
he Church, His Poems are dedicated to ** La- 
abeth Mal-vill, Ladie Cumrie, from Logie^ 
)4," and ct^ntain various internal maris of ha* 
I compofi'd between the years 1575 and 1590 — 
of his death is uncertain^ but that he was horn 
5 o feems probable^ as one of his younger hro^ 
s Provojl of Kdinburgh in 1 391, and his fa- 
l ^* at a great nge^^ in the following year, I 
im to be the per/on who, under the name <?/'Pol*. 
irried on a Fljting correfpondence with Mont- 
is imitation of that by Dunbar and Kennedy. 




nder freind, Mont-crcif Medicinar, 
rs is kcnd t\\j knawlpdgc lingular ; 




Thow fhawis thy fclf, bj praftice evidient, 
Of Nature's warks obferver diligent ; 
Th) quiet Ijfe, and decent modeftie, 
Declares the cunning in philofbphie. 
^ Sen firft we war acquaint, Ffand thee kinde: 
Sum medecine afEgne me for the minde : 
My ficknes be the fymptome fall appearQ 
Into my difcourfe, if thow lift give eare. 

happy man is he (I have hard fay) 

A faithful freind that hes, with whom he may 
Of everie thing as with himfelf confer 
As I may do, difert Mediciner ! 

Quhcn pubertie my freedome did enlarge, 
And Mercurie gave place to Venus charge, 

1 knew not yet the wavering vane eftait 
Of humaine kind \ I knew of na debait, 
Na lurking hait, invie, nor cur fit ftryfe 
As fbllowis faft our fhort unhappie lyfe : 

I traiiled not, believe me weill, Mont-creif ! 
The bitter paines, the forrowes, and the greif ^ 
Nor miferie quhilk daylie dois betide 
And compaflis mans lyfc on everie fide ; 
IJot like a chafte and pudick virgine clein, 
Inbiought to bide where fhe had never beinj|\ 
Into the houfe of women let for hyre, 
Quhen (he behalds all plefour at defyre, 
A loftie troup of ladyies in array, 
Sum ina luth, fum on a Cflre play: 
Sum fangs of love begin, and fweitly Cng^ 
And Hiinyionlie fing danfipg in a ring : 
A lover here, difcourfing all his beft, 
Ane uther there delighting all the reft : 
The buirdes decored with daiutic difties line, 
With divers drogs, and wafers wet in wine: 
Anone to, dwell, the maid dois condifcend, 
Incertaiie quhat fall be her calive end. 



JAMES VI. 1567—1603. S^^ 

Siwa inexpert yet at that time and houre, 
I ftlt the fwcit, but had not cund the fowte. 
* thoucht that nocht was able to remove 
^^om men on earth, trueth, equitie, and love ; 
f^or banifhe from thair hearts humilitie, 
^ttth, pittie jojnd with afiabilitte ; 
^ot that the force of reafon fuld manteif e 
A he binding band quhilk laftinglie has bein 
■°^ i:iature knit, and ordained till indure, 
^^Hs amitie and freindfhip to mak fure. 
- JP'or this 1 6ft reduced and brought to mind, 
"^^V fall men be but untill uther kind ? 
^^ ! all the wichts that in this valley wuna 
^^e brethren all,— ^.^ire tbay not Adam's funs ? 
^<vihy fald a f teind his frcind and brother greive** 
^^n all are born of a firft mother Eve ? 
VTpoh this earth, as in a citie wide, 
Xiike citizens we dwell and dois abide :- 
-j/lnd nature has preferred tis to the beafls^ 
Hy printing reafon deeply in our breads : 
The Barbar' rude of Thrace or Tartaric, 
Of Boheme, perfe, of weirly Cfetulie, 
Of barrwin ^yH, and waftie Scy thia, 
of Finland; Frefland, and of India, 
Of reafon they arc made participant 
With them thdt doi? tht civill cities hant : 
The facund Greede, the learnd Athenian, \ 

The Roman flout, the ritch Venetian, 
The Fienlhes frank of great civilitie, 
Ar oblift all to this focietie. 

Then with myfelf I reafond oh this fort, 
fi this be true quhilk truelie I report, 
%fow' tnekill mair fall love and lawtie ftand 
^mai^ the pepill native of a land, 
<!^hilk dois imbrace, obey, and oiielie knaw 
Jt kirk, a king, a language, and a law. 

Vol. in. Aaa Or 


Or file as in a citie dois remane. 

Participant of plefour and of pane ; 

Or of a race has lineallj difcended. 

And hes thair time and life togetlier fpended< 

All this and na^air 1 tolled in my thoucht, 
And thefe effects to fie I douted noucht : 
As for my part, I plainely did pretend 
IS/lj life in peace, in joy and eafe till end f 
Into the way to walk, and happj rod 
Prefcrived be the law and word of'God, 
To love mj freind and neighbour as my fell, 
With lippes but lies the fimple treuth to tell i 
Till everie man to keip my promife dew. 
And nocht but right (bot rigour^ to perfew ; 
From vice to flie, and vertew till- embrace, 
' An upright Jieart to have in everie oace y 
Contending hearts againe to reconceill 
Was my pretence, and tender ay their weill j 
To fortifie my friend in time and need 
With good report^ with counfell and good deedc ; 
And finallie, quhat reafon taught to crave, 
I thought to doo, and ay the like receaVii 
Bot thoughts are vaine, my labour was but loft, 
*^ He counts agane that counts without his hoft.*' 

Through trad: of time, quhilk fwiftlie Aides awaji 
And findrie.fichts occurring day by day. 
At laft I learnd to mark, and clearly ken 
The courfe of mortal things and mortal men. 
From thee I learnd,. with painfull diligence, 
The maiftres fharp of fuiles, Experience I 
I fee the wit, the nature, and the mind 
Of waildlie wights to wickednes inclind ; 
And naturallie ane auflere frawardnes 
The hardened hearts of mortal men poffefs. 

Behald na realme, na cietie nor eftait 

Ar void of ftr\'fe, contention and debait. 



JAMES VI. 1567 — 1603. 37^ 

Jlk man his fo, like roiring 1 jons kein^ 
Waits to devore with rigor tjgerreift^.: 
How few regairds, we dailie maj efpy. 
Their fallows lofs, if thaj may gain^hairby .; 
Sa hautie minds fulfilled with difdaine, 
Sa deip deceat, fik glofling language vatne. 
Mens doubill tungs are not aihamed to lie ; 
The mair thay heght, the wors to truft thay be. 
Particular gaine dois fa manis reafon blind. 
That fkarfe on earth ane upright can I find ; 
Sa poyfoned breafta with malice and envy. 
Sum deidlie haitis, and cannot fliaw yow why, 

.0 monftrous beaft, Invy I O cruell peft ! 
Quhair thow remains there is na quiet reft. 
Thow waftes the bains, thow blackens fleih and blade. 
Ay glad of ill, ay enemie to gude. 
Jhow vexed art to fee thy brothers weill, 
Quhilk vailes thee nocht, nor harmes hinl never a deil* 

I try na truth, nor na fidelitie, 
I fie na reuth, nor n^ nobilitie, 
I^a tender love, nor humble gentilnes, 
J\s firft they fay our fathers did poiTes* 
Bot fremmidnes, bot rude aufteritie, 
Bot feinyed fraud, and feebil uncourtefie. 

Quhen that I hai employd my youth and paloe 
Four years in France, and was r^turnd againe, 
I langd to learn, and curious was to knaw 
The confuetudes, the cyfton^e^ and the law 
Quhairby our native foil was guide aright. 
And juftice deme to everie kind of wighjt. 
To that effeft three yeares, or near thajt fpace, 
I banted maift our higheft pleading place, ^ 
And Senate, quhair gieat caufes reafoned war. 
My breaft was bruifit with leaning on the bar. 
^ly buttons brift, I partly fpitted blood, 
My gown wa^ traild and trampid quhair I floo<) -, 



til CHRONKUA ^1^ iCOT^Stt tpEtr&T. 


M7 eares war dei£i widi liiaifiars ciyes and dio 
Qahilk procutoris uid parties callit in : 
I dajrlie learnity bOt could not pldfit be ; 
I faw fik things as pitie was to fee* 

Ane houfe owerlaid with proce& & mifgnidit, 
Tha^ fom to late, faol never wat decydit ; 
The pair abufit ane hnndredi divers wayes 
Foftpond, differd with Ihifts and mere ddajes ; 
Confumit in godes, onerfet with greif ttid paine a 
Your Advocate maun be refirefiit with gaine ; 
Or elfe he faints to ijpeaike ot to invtnt 
Ane gude defence^ or weightie ailment. 
Ye fpill jour caufe ;— ^je truUe htm to fair 
Unlefs his hand annointed be with mair. 
Not ill beftowit, be he's coafulteid oft ; 
Ane gude devife is worthie to be coft. 
^ £ot ikafiaj clerks with covetice infpjredy 
TiU -execute thalr office maun be hjred. 
Na cans thay call unlefs they hyreltngs have ; • 
If not, it fall' be laid beneath the lave : 
Quha them contrcdls, or them Qfiends^ but dout 
Thair proccs will be lang in fj&iking out. 
In gireateft need fame pieces will be loft. 
And than, to late, fund kt the parties coil. 
In eyerie point thay will be flack and larig ; 
The minutes of the procefs may be wrabg : 
For afts, decreiits, thay maun have doubil pryce j 
If there be haift, but byre, thay inak it nyce. 

As fanguifugs quhilk finds the feeding gud. 
Cleaves to the Ikin quhill thajr be full of blud, 
Quhill all the vanes be bludeles; dry, and tume ; 
Na uther wayes the fimplfe thay confume. 

The agent als maun have his wage providied, 
Leift al the taus in abfcnce be mifguided : 
He will let pafle on wilfuU indignation 

A gains the aftdr ane ftoUen proteftation j 

-'■'■■ ' ■ The 


The poore ^fcoder, if lj|,e lacke. expen&s, 

3all tjne his c^ufe perhaps for null defen&s ; 

The peices fbaw lie will, and caufe reveill 

For greiter gane, be he not pleifed weill. 

And though the Lords fuld tak gud heid thereto. 

Yet are thay iaith to make the hpufe ado. 

The Cenfor is impropre to correck, 

That in hiinfelf hes onj kinde of bkck. 

Even they themfelves the order partlie fpills, 

With bringing in of hi^pes of bofome bills ; 

Their oulks aboi^t on freiod^ thay do beSow, 

With finall regard of table, qr pf row. 

Allace ! fik Lords had neede of reformatiofli 

Quhair jullice maift confijflts in folliftation. 
Yit all folliftars cafmot juilice have, 

JBot fik as inay acquit thep^ by the lave, 

A Lord, ane Earle, or a wealthie man, 
A courtier that meikil may, and can, 
Without delay will come to their intent, 
Howbeit their caufe it be f^m deillon ftJenJ : 
Bot Ample f^uls, anikilfuU, moyenles, 
The puir quhome ftrang oppreflbr's dois oppres, 
Few of their right or cauiTes will take keip ; 
Their proces will fa lang ly puer and fleip, 
Quhill often tyrocs (there is na uther bute) 
For povertie they maun leave of perfute. 
Sum Senators, as weill a^ fkafHng fcribes, 
Ar blindit oft with blinding buds and bribes ; 
And mair refpt^s the perfon nor the caufe. 
And finds for divers perfons divers laws. . 
Our civil, canon, and municipall, 

. Suld equallie be minftred to all : 
They mon fliaw favour to their awn dependers, 
Quhatfa they be, perfewers or defenders. 

I faint to tell their pervers partial pactions. 
And how thej r^U (Jcvided are iu fa^lions ; 





Confederate haill with fubtiltie and flight, 
A way to vote in voting wiang or right, 

O men ! in quhom no fear of God is ludged ; 
O faithles judges ! worthie to be judged. 
Efch^me ye not, Or Hand ye not in aw 
Laws to profefs, and errc agains the law, 
O members meete, for meere iniquitie. 
Of Rhadamanth or Minos court to be. 

The h^ill abufe were ouer prolix to tell ; 
That Council houfe it is maid like ane hell. 
Quhere there is thrang affeare, and awfull cryes^ 
Quhere on the bar without puir parties lyes. 
As on tljc rive of Acheron for fin, 
Awaitting faft quhill Charon take them, in ; 
Quhair everie man almaift is mifcontented, 
Quhair filly faulis ar greevouflie tormented. 
Ay forrie, fad j ay plungd in paine an^ greif, 
Penfiye in heart, and rhufing of mifcheif. 
Their bowells, entraills, with the robbed rout 
Of gredie Harpycs, they arte rugged out. 

To lead that kind of life I wearied faft, . 
In better hope I left it at the laft. 
And to the Court I fliortly me addreft, 
Beleeving weill to chufe it for the beft : 
But from the rocks of Cyclades fra hand, 
I flruik into Charybdis finking fand. 
For reverence of Kings I will not ftrive 
To dander Courts, but them I may defcrive, 
As learned men lies them depaint before, 
prneare the fuith, and I am wo therefore. 

In Courts, Montcrief J is pride, invie, contention, 
Diffumulance, defpite, difceat, diffention, 
Fear, whifperings, reports, and n^w fufpition, ^ 
Fraud, treafon, lies, dread, guile, and fedition } 
Great gredines, and prodigalitie ; 
Lufts fcnfuall, and partialiue ; 



JAMES vi. 1567— i6d5, §75 

Impudence, adulterie, and drunkinnes j 

Delicacie, and flputhful idilnes ; 

Back- biting, lacking, mocking, mutenie, 

Difdainefulnes,' and flianaeles ffatterie ; 

Meere vanitie, and naughtie ignorance.; 

Inconftancie, and changing with mifchance ; 

Contempt of all religion and devotion, 

Xo godlie deids na kind of perfite motion. 
Thefe qualiticb in generall, I faj. 

Into all Courts are common everie daj. 

1 need not now fik. properties apply, 

Xhow knawcs our Scottifh Court as weill as I. 

Our Princes aj, as we have heard and feen, 

Thir monj yeares infortunat hes been : 

And if 1 fuld not fpeak with flatteringlung, 

The greater part hot fluggiflilie hes rung. 

Our Earles and Lords, for their nobilitic, 

How inexpert and ignorant they be. 

Upon the Privie Counfell mon be chufed. 

Or elfe the King and Counfell are abufed ; 

And if the Prince augment not ay thair rents, 
C^hat is there mair ? they will be mal- contents. 

Quhat fuld the Court quhair virtew is neglefted ^ 
Q^hair men of fpreit fa little are refpe6ted ? 
Quhilk is fo be lamented all the mair. 
That few of learning fuld tak keip or care ; 
As Cicero of Julius Cefar fayes, 
Even in his tyme, governement, and dayes, 
Quhilk eafilie excells all uther kings 

-In learning, fpreit, and all fcholaftik things. 
Sum officers we fee of naughtie braine, 
Meere ignorants, proud, vicious, and vaine 5 
Of learjjing, wit, and vertue all denude, 
Maift blockifl^teen, rafli, riotous, and rude, 
And flattering fallows oft are mair regarded : 
A lying flave will rather be rewarded, 



CHitOlflCtE or SGOttlsfi WEtKT. 


Nor they that dois with re^fohit nile cotffei^re' 

Their kind of life and anions/ leaft thfey ette. 

Nor men difcrcit, wife, vertous, Ind niodeft, ' 

O^galland fpreit have trew and wort'hie treff ;' 

Q^hilk far fra- hame civilitife hes fene,' 

And be their maners (haws qu^iair they have bend :' 

Quhilk have tlie word of Gdd before their eyes, 

And Weill can ferve,but cannot Princes ^l^fe* 

For fum with reafon will not ptdfed be. 

But that quhilk with thair hurtloiir dois a'gree. - 

Has thow not heard in oppin audibnce,' 

The purpos vainc, the feckles conference ; 

The ihfornQal reafohs, and impertinent 

Of courteours ? qahilks in accoiiirertient 

War gorgions, maift glorious, yohg, and gay ;' ' * 

Bot, in effetl, compare them we i 11 T may. 

Till images quhilks are in temples fet, ^ 

Decor'd without, and all with gold onerfretti 

With colours fine, and carved curioiiflte, ' '" ',, 

The place qiihair they arc fct to beaufitTe ; " ^ ' 

Bot quhen they are remarked all and*6iryiV^ 

They are bot flocks a!^d ftanes ; bos,'deif aid (Kfrtli,^ 

Bot now the Court I will n9t' difcommehci,' 
I may it mane, bot may it not amend. 

As for offence of fpcech, Tnathmg Tear it, 
For upright men arq therebie natnin^ deirit V 
AtkI fik aa are with wickedne^ bewitchen/ 
I fufue not how vifelie they be tuitched. 

And if, perhaps, fum wald alledge that t^ 

Have this invaid on malK^e and inyie, 

As he quhom in the Court few did'regatrcJ;, 

And got na gaine thereby, nor na rfewalrd. 

I grant that may be tiew : Bot quhat of that •" 

I little gaine defer ved, and les I gat. 

Bot, men ! behald his Hienes royal trine, 

His palaces, and their apparel fine, 



» ' ■ » 


■j; ■ j;' 

^:1 : 


B«hald his t^ufe ! ttdnald Iris f cirif rcot I 
His fervantSy heir if thoj have caufe to plent. 
Pbferve this realocie tbrougbout frbiii eift to weft. 
From foatb to north* if ony be oppceft 
Quhilk juftice lacks ! behaid the comQion^weill, 
Xhen judge if 1 be writer fals or kill. 

Bot £k as fuld it mend, lat them lament 
1 hantid Court to iang*; now I repent. 

'Thefe cut&d titties, this wore than iron age, 
Quhair verti^e Iwks, quhair vice 4^^ r^igri and rag^ 
Qubair faith and love, quhair freindfliip is n^glefted, 
Contagiouflie. with tioae has isie infefted. 
As uthers are, ojE fors fa mon I be ; 
How can I do^ bot as nien doe to nie i 
In bordels vile a virgine chaift and peure. 
Becomes with tinie a vile ^ffironted heute ; 
A trew man taiie with pir^es on the fea. 
Is forfl tQ taH a pairt in pif aci^. 
- O fentenee fmth I I hij for to cbticlud^, 
III companie cor rtipt^th maners gude. 
Trew Damon';} pairt to play I wald me bind, 
Bot Pythias kind yet can I never find, 
tove mutual wald be, for all in vaine 
I favour ihaw, if nane I find againe. 

My heart is ftane within, and yron without j 

. ■ J- ■ - • . 

With tripl? bras my breift is fet about ; 
ypr auhen of ftrife and great mifchance I heir. 
Of death, debate, they do me little deir. 
For uthers harme me tuitches not at all, 
Swa I be free, qi^hat rak I quhat befall ? 
The line of love I have almaift forget it. 
For quhy, think I, to nane I am addettit. 

Not threttie times as yet the fliining fun 
His carrier round and propre courfe has run. 
Sen nature firft me buir to 'joy his light. 
And yi^ I wald (if juftly wilh I might) 

Vol. hi. B b b Diffolved 


Diflblved be^ renewed, and be with Chrift, 
Or flefh to farder foUie me intift : 
I fear tlie warld, I dread allurements fair. 
And ftiang alTauIts corrupt me mair and mair« 

Let Sathan rage, let wickcdnes incres, 
I thank mj God I am not comfortles. 
M7 comfort, lo ! my haill felicitie 
Confifts in this — ^I may it (haw to thee : 
To ferve the Lord, and on his Chrift repofe. 
To fing him piaife, and in his hechts rejofe 1 
^nd ay to have my mind lift up on hie 
Unto that plac^ quhair all our joy fall be. 
TAj life and time I knaw it is fa ihort. 
That here to dwell I thmk it bot a fport ; 
I have tleligbt in heart maift to behold 
The pleafant works of God fa mamlald ; 
And to my minde great pl^cmr is indeidi 
The nobil writts of learned men to reid : 
As Chremes had, I have ane hnmaine hart. 
And takes of things humaine na little ^arti ' 
Be word i^nd writt, my mind I mak it plaine 
To faitnfull freinds, and they to me againe. 




£y the Same* 

X RtUMiPHANl>.Lord of armies sind of hoftes, 
"tliou hes fubdu'd the univerfail coaftes i 
From fouth to north, from eaft till Occident, 
Thow fliawes thy felfe great <Gbd.ariliipotent; 
O Gaptaines, Kingesj and chriftian men of weir,^ 
Gar herraulds baift in coats of armor cleir 
For to proclame vrith trumpet and i^ith fltout^ 
A great triumph the univers throughout ; 
For certainlie the Lord he will be knawin. 
And have that praifis qnhilk juiUie is hbi awin* 

O ye that wiins amang the plefaund feilds, 
Quhair fertile crofts their yearlie profite yeilds. 
And all that heigh up in the hiehmd dwells 
Amang th« mures, the mountaines, and the wells ^ 
And ye that in the foreft fare remaine 
Far from the bitrghs, ga to the burghs againe* 
Baith man and maides, put on your garments gay^ 
And ornaxiients made for the holie-day ; 
Leave of your wark, let all your labour be 
iThis bf ave triumph, and royall fcaft to fe. 

Let cities,' kirks, and everie noble towne 
Be purified, and decked up and downe ; 
Let all the ftreets, the comers, and the rewis 
3c ftrowd with leaves, and flowres of divers hewis^ 



With birkes and lawtell of dw woddis wild J 
With lavendar, with theme, and chammamild ; 
With mint and medworts, feemlie to be feen. 
And lukin gowans of the medowes green. 
Let temples, ftaifs, the jJorches, and the ports, 
And windows wide quhair luickers on fcforts, 
With tapiftrie be hung, in Turkie fought, 
' With claith of gold^ ttid filtrer tkhly wrought. 
Let cvery"place and palace be fepleat 
With fine perfume and fragrant <>dors fweat 9 
SafFumigat with nard and cinnamon. 
With mjrrhc and mofte, camphyte^ and bdfifihisi^y 
With incenfe fnuik» aloe^, ealamtii ; 
With faffran, mstftick, abdd juniperosi 
Expofe your gold, aikd ihyfiing fiiver bri^t 
Oa covered copbiricdes fet in opin ^aght 9 
Ouer gilted coitps, With oatved) covors ckwPr 
Fyne p]^eciix>as fianes, quh^h: tbay tifdy heft appeairf 
Layers in ri^nilDs^ mid filvet boiffings (hiiie, 
Saltfats out fliorne, and glal&s cryftaHiae : 
Make (bafiidds clare lor ciunlie come<Ue^, 
For pleafant f^yes,* and onoraU «ra^€die&; 
All to decore with joy, and ane aecord. 
This new txiiimph, and faboth of t^e Lord. 

Riglit as the point of day b)Bgias to fpmg, 
And larks aloft melodioi^Ke to iiog, 
Bring foQCth all kind of inflruik^iiti of Weetey^ 
To ga before and nskake a noyifs t^eere. 
Gar trumpets found the awfuH buttek bkft f 
On dreadful drums gar ftrik alarum &il ; • 
Mak ihouting fhalms, and pei^img phipbers fliiU/ 
Clear cleave the cluds, and piers the higheft hUi. 
Caufe mightely the weirly notis breik 
On Hieland pypis, Scots and Hibemik. 
Let beir the flcraichs of deadly clarions, 
Arid fyne let of a volie of cannons. 


• ^ . JAMES vi^.ijWt^j^^j. s6i 

/^hill qufaat Sot rei^> rM^J^smymihing anS f=eard, 
The heavens refottad, aod t«ei:n}>tii|g take the eard. 

Let enter fitie in proper painted' (QiartSy 
The bating ricbybrcmghtlron^ith^re^^coift parts j 
The ampieil praj qnhilk gre^it Jqhioyah wan, 
From hia fierfe fstts, fen firft th^ V«^arl4 began* 
Sa fall be feen the figoare^ of th<B flots^ 
With fear&l flags and Weill calfote^dbotB ; 
Of gallays fwift, aiid naanj gaUias, 
Quhilk through the feas, but perrell thought to pasi 
Faire feeraelj fhippes of four, five hundreth tans, 
AU f lurnillit fifll of fire- warks, and of guns ; 
Quhairof be force thair was fum captive led, 
Sum clean defiroit) fum fagitilTclieikd: 
Yet from the Lord na waj could find to file, 
Bot in thair flight wer tofied on. the fie, 
The weltering wab, and raging windic blaft. 
Maid up their towes, and ca^ifd them hew their maft ^ 
And fine wer caft^ for all their brags and boft. 
Sum on a fchald, fum on an yrin cofi ; 
Sum gaid in tua^buird on ane foirrain land, 
Sum on a rode, fum on a whirling fand, 
QuhiU nane were fafe unperifiit to be found, 
Bot men and all went to the water's ground. 

Let follow next, in order to be fein. 
Their armour cleare, and warlike weapins fliein, 
Hard halecrets, helmets, and he wmonts bright, 
Tieht haberfchens, habriksy and harneis light ; 
Murrions for men of fute, and fliining ftields ; 
Barditig for horfe appointed- for the fields ; 
Gantlets ouergilt, wambraiflis gainand weiil ; 
Corflets of pruif, and monie targe of fteill ;• 
Sum varneift bright, fum dorrit diverffie. 
That men may mufe fie precious geir to fie. 
Thilk famin wayis, example for to give, 
Draw in on heaps their armour ofFenfive. 




Great ordinance, ^d feilding peices fell ; 
Muikets maift meet with men of armes to mell ; 
Hagbuts i^ith lunts^ piftolles with rowels fine ; 
Swift fierie darts devifd with grcit ingjne ; 
Crofbowes of waight, and Gnoiik gainjeis kein ; 
Strang pouffing picks the charge plaid to foilein ; 
Bunihes of fpeirs, and launces light and lang ; 
Steill ax and mafTe for bardedh or fifes (Irang f 
Fjne arming fwords, and uther grunding glaves^ 
Qjihilk maid na ftead quhen they were rendered flave^i 
Thair guns mifgave, their fpeirs Ijk bun^'WandS brak^ 
Thair fainted hearts for feare retird aback. 

Thair thrcfoiirs -rich, quhairin they put thair tieft,' 
To all the warld fall be made manifeft : 
Let men expres appointed be to beare 
Thair filver-heaps in plaits of filver cleare : 
'J hair cofllie wark, and precious ornament, 
Sail follow nixt in order l*ubfequent< . , 

Not to thair praife, but to thair fchame andikotney 
Thair cuinyeid gold in baiffings fall be borne ; 
Thair meltin gold full maffive fall be fein, . 

With precious ftains quhilk fed thair gredie ein \ 
Thair goldfmith wark, and veflels of gre^t '^eighty' . 
To ken fik fooles agains the Lord to feight. 

Let publikely be caried throw the townes. 
The diadems, the fcepters, and the crowacs f ■., 
The honour fwerds of many puiffat king, ^ . 
Quhom Jab oar God do wn from thair throne 4id thring/ 
Then Empriours and Kings fall walk behind e^ 
(For greiter nane was on the earth to finde) ,. , 

As n^en defait, cled all in dulefull black, . . ; . 

In cotchis traynd with flander, fchame and lack.' .. , 
Thair children yong, and menyonis in a routy, >c 

Dreft all in dulD fall march thair cofch about^ 
With bitter teares, with fighes and cuiage caldj 
Whpn they thair Loids in fik array behald. 



JAMJES VI. 1567 — 1603, 381 

Thair counfelors fall gang with drerie chere, 

And count thair wit to he hot follie mere. 

The inujtitude then diverflie fall deim, 

And of that fight fall 4iverflie efteim. 

Tor fum fall ryn and gaze them in the face. 

And fair hewaile to fee them in fik cace. 

Yea the J that wifst thajr wrack and death before^ 

Thair miferie fall mein and pittie fore ; 

JBot fum, fa foon0 as they thame fie ga by, 

Sail heave thair hands, and with a michty cry, 

Deride thair force, and fchout into thair eir': 

Take this, ye kings ! quhilk on the Lord made weiy* 

Ane Qther fort fall fich, and quhifper thus : 

Jleir is, behald ! ^ne matter marvelus ! 

Thir Monarchs grit confided in thair flrenth, 

And thocht be forfe to win the warld at lenth ; 

To way the bils,'and right up to the ikies, 

Bot now thair pryde and puiflance broken lies. 

Kings are bot men, men are bot wormes and dull, 

The God of Heaven is onely greit and juft I 

Als far as li^ght the darkenes dois deface. 

Or hell is from the higheft holy place , 

Als far as fclaves are from the ftait of kings. 

Or widdring weids from everlafting things, 

Als far God*s might furmounts the might of man, 

His pompe and pride, and all the craft he can. 

For, lo ! his wraith confumes lyke burning coles ; 

He turnes the heavens upon the flable poles ; 

Heigh ouer the earth he rydes apoun the fkie, 

Na mortal eyes may face to face efpie 

The Lord and live ; His chariots are of fyre, 

He makes the earth to trimble' in his yre. 

The angels bright ftill compafs him about ; 

Thunder and temped form his army ftout. 

Heave up, therefore, ye Chriftian men of weir, 

HjTour hands, your harts, your eyes and voces cleir. 




Unto the high and greit triumpher ilraog. 
This folema daj prolong joar jojfiiU fang ; 

O King of Kings ! that fits above ! 
Thy might, thy mcrci^, and thy love. 

Thy works are wenderfnU to tell J 
In earth thy name mot prailed be, 
And In thy holie phtcear hie. 

For none is lyke unto thy felL 

Upon the firmament thow rjdtfs^ 
And all the world diviricly gydes^ - > 

To Hell the power dois^ extend i ^^\ ^ - 
Men may imagine, men may devife. 
Men may conclude, and interprife^ 

But thow dois modifie the. end. 

This day we magi|ifie thy name, 
"^ For thow hes pi^t till oppin fchame^ 

And turn'd thy fellon faes to flighjt ^ ^ 
Thair idols and thair arniles gr^t, ,. ^ 
Thair force availd them not a whH ! 

For thow, O God I did for us fi^ht. 

O Jah ! our God : Be thow wr gyde. 
In battels be thow on Ojai^ fide^ 

And we fall neither fall nox fle^. 
Throw Chrift thy foune our finnes forj[ive| 
And make us in thy law to live. 

So fliall we praife and worfbip theCf 




t. ; ' . • ' 

\J PERFITE lighl: ! quhilk fcbaii away 

The darkoes front t^ lights 

And fet a ruler oaer the daj^ > :.; 

Ane uther ouer the night. ^ 

Thy glorie quheh the day forth fltcs,^ 

Mair vively dois appeare^ 

Nor at mid-day onto our jeyes^ 

The fhining fun is cleare. ^ 

The fhaddow of the earth, anon. 

Removes and dfawis by ; ; 

Sine in the eaft quheii it is gone, * 

Appeares a ckarer iky* 

Quhilk f untie perceaves the lytill larkis^ 
The lapwing and the fnype. 
And tunes thair fangs like nature's clarkis^ 
Ouer medow, muir, ahd ftrype. 

Bot^everie h.aqld nofturnal beaft 
Na langer may abide. 
They hy away, baith maift and leaft, 
Themfelves in houfe to hide. 

They dread the day, fra they it fee, 
And from the fight of men, 
To feats and covers faft they flee. 
As lyons to their den . 

Vol. III. C c c Oure 


OiKe hemifphere is poleift cleiii^ 
And lightened raore and more, 
Quh^^ everie thing be clearlie fein 
Quhilk femit dim before. 

Except the giiftering aftres bright,, 
Quhilk all the night were eleatf, 
Offufked with a greater light, 
Na langer dois appeare. 

The golden globe incontinent, 
Sets up his (hiqiog head. 
And ouer the earth and finnament, 
Difplajs his beims abrea4. 

For joy the birds, with boulden throats, 
Agains his vifage flieia, 
Takes up their kindlie mufike aots 
In woods and gardens gtein. 

Up braids the cairfuU hufhandoaan. 
His cornes and vines tp fee. 
And everie tjmous artifan 
In buith work befilie. 

Tlie paftor quits the floithfull fleepe,* 
And paffes forth with fpeede. 
His little canrow-nofed fhe^e. 
And rowttijig kie to feede* 

The paflenger frotp perrels fure. 
Gangs gladlie forth the way. 
Breife everie living creature 
Takes comfort of the day. 

The fubtile motly rayens tight 
At rifts they are In wonne ; 
The glanfing thains, and vil^rc bright, 
Refplends agains the funn^. 

The dew upon the tender crp|»s, 
Like pearls white and round, 


I _ 

jAnlEi fir i^ef^i^c^. 3^7 

Or like to melted filvef cWops, 
Refrefhes all the poand. 

Ilie miftie lock, the clouds of raine 
From tops of mountains ikails ; 
CSl^ar are the higheft 1^h and j^ImCi 
The vapors takes the vails, 

Begaried is the fapphire penj 
With fpraings of ikarlet hew, 
And preciouflj from end to end, 
Damafked white and blew. 

The ample heaven of fabrik fare* 
In cleannes dois furpafs, 
The cryftall and the filvier piirc, - 
As cleireft poleift glafs. 

The time fa tranquil is and ftlll. 
That na wh^re fall ye find, 
Saive on ane high and barren hill. 
The aire of peeping wind. 

All trees and fimples, great and fmall. 
That balmie leaf do beir, 
Nor thay were painted on a wall, 
Na mair they move or fteir. 

Calm is the deep arid purpour fc. 
Yea fmoother than the fand ; 
The wallis that woltting wont to be. 
Are ftable like the knd. 

Sa iilent is the peffile air^ 

That everic^ cry an4 call. 

The hills and daills, and foreft fair, 

Againe repeats tben^ all. 

The rivers frefli, the callaf ftreamg^ 
Oucr rocks can foftlie rin j ^ 

The water clear, like cryftal fcams. 
And makes a pleafand din. 




The feilds and earthly fuperfice 
With verdure grene is fpredd. 
And naturallie, but artifice, . 
In partie colours cledd. "" 

The fluriflies and fragrant flowres. 
Throw Phiaebus foftring heit, 
Refrelbt with dew and filver ihowres^ 
Calls up an odor fweit. • 

The clogged buffie humming beis. 
That never thinks to drowne. 
On flowers and flourilhes of treis, 
Collefts their liquor Browne. ' 

The funne maift like a fpeidie poft. 
With ardent courfe afcends. 
The beauty of the heavenly hoft 
Up to our Zenith tends'. 

Nocht guided by a Phsetbn, 
Nor trayned in a chayre, 
Bot by the hie and holie On, ', 
Quhilk dois all where empire. 

The burning beims down from his face, 
Sa fervently can beat, 
That man and bead now feeks a place. 
To fave thenfi fra the heat. 

The breathlefs fiock^ drawes to the {hade, • 
And frechure of their fald ; 
The ftartling nolt, as they were madde, 
Runnes to the rivers cald. 

The beards beneath fomc leafy treis, 
Amids the flowrs they lie ;- 
The flabill fliips upon th^ feis. 
Tends up their fails to drie. . 

The hart, the hind, and fallow deare. 
Ate tapiflat at their reft j 


-- JAMES yi. 1567—1603. 389 

The foules and iblrdes that made th6 beare. 
Prepares their prettie neft. 

The rayons dures defcending down. 
All kindles in a gleid. 
In cittie, nor in Ijorroughs-towne, 
Maj nane fet furth their h^id. 

Back from the blew pajmented whunn, 
And from ilk plaifter wall. 
The hot reflexing of the funne 
Inflames the air and all. 

The labowrers that timelie raifs. 
All wearie, faint, and weake. 
For heate down to their houfes gaife, 
Noon-meate and fleip to take. 

The callour wine in cave is fought. 
Mens brotheing breifts to cule ; 
The water cald and cleir is brought. 
And fallets fleipit in ule. 

Sum pluckes the honie plown and peare. 
The cherrie and the pefche ; - ^ 

Sum likes the rime, and London beare. 
The bodie to refrefche. 

Forth of their ikeppes fum raging bels 
Lyes out, and will not call ; ' 

Sum uther fwarm^es hyves on the treis 
In knots togidder fait. 

The korbeisi and the kekling kais 
May fcarce the heat abide ; 
Halks prunyeis on the funnie brais. 
And wedders back and fide. 

With gilted eyes, and open wings. 

The cock his courage Ihawis ; 

With claps of joy his breaft he dings, 

And twcntie times he crawls. 
i The 



The dow, with whiftltng wings fa blew^ 
The winds can fail collet ; 
Her purpour pennes tufnes merry hew, 
Agains the funne dired. 

Now noone is went, gane is mid'^day. 
The heat dois flake at laft ; 
The funne defcends dowae weft away 
Fr a three o'clock be paft. 

A little cule of breathing wind 
Now foftly can arife^ 
The Warks throw heit that Uy behind. 
Now men may cnterprife. 

Farth faires the flocks to feek their fad<; 
On everie hill and plaine, 
Quhilk labourer as he thinks gude. 
Steppes to his turn againe. 

The rayons of the funne we fee 
Diminifli in their ftrenth ; 
The fchad of everie towre and tree. 
Extended is in lenth. 

Great is the calm for eyerie quhair^ 
The wind is fcttin downe ; 
The reik thrawes right up in the air. 
From everie tpwre and towne. 

Their firdoning the bony birds^^ 
In bank s thay do begin ; 
With pipes of reeds the jolie birds 
Halds up the mirrie din. 

The maveis and the philomeen. 
The ftirling whiflels loud. 
The cufchetts on the branches green. 
Full quietly they crowd. 

The gloming comes, the day is fpent, 
The fun goes out of fight, 



JAME5 vL 1567^.^1603. 35p3f 

iited is the pocident 
irpour fanguine bright, 

rlet, nor the golden threid, 
)uld their beautie try, 
bing like the color reid, 
lutie of the ikie. 

\ horizon circuler, 
2 the fctnne be fet, 
ith rabeis, as it wer, 
. reid ouerfrett. 

lefour wer to walk and feey 
; a river cleir, 
fe£l form of everie tree 
the ^eepe appeir ! 

non out of cruives and ereills, 
d into ikoutts ; 
s and circles on the weills, 
lowping of the trouts . . 

1, it wer a feemlie thing 
dl is ftill and caline, 
life of God to play and fing, 
>rnet and with fchalme. 

V the birds with mony fhout 
iher be their name, 
lie ! turne our gude about, 
ne is to ga hame. 

ellie fow, the beads belyve 
•ned fra the corne, 
foberly they hameward dryvc 
ipe and lilting borne. 

all the land gr«at is the gild 

ik folks that cry ; 

ling flieep, fra they be fild, 

es and rowtting ky. , 




■ • • • 

All labourers draws hame at eVen^ 
And can till uthcr faj, ,->•-•. 

Thanks to the gracious God oi Ifenefi) - 
Quhilk fent this fummer (Jay. . 

The eAate of Polwarth cameliMstUe ydBdOBD^^iHwiae't! Wed- 
d^rburnc by the n)arriag« «f - ^ Fatrlfl: K. j^iebli«^«i«t^iccUirT 

Pnlwart of Polwart. It is th«^«feVieiMr.hqpMWda4MM^^^^' °^ 
Polwarth might be conjoined wlt^ rhatnf Himiaiiarpt .kaft that ic 
might, on fome occafions, be ippiied t6j^BttisiilKffifiidsvd«iMf of th: 
family ; fucfa* (or example, a»th0jl(y/f^.liei««e»^dtB^t:f#i' Mont- 
gomery. This abfurd and rare corne^andeBColMtt^gl^ (k^^iioooof 
of beings quoted. by the royal author of the Att^tf^A^fit^ fomo' readers 
may not be difplcafed with a/fiecfnieo. • x ^ ^^ . 

Montgomery tq Polwart. 
Polwart, ye pcr|i like a> mouTc. amp og tho|iis»' 
No cunning ye keep, Polwart ye peip^ 
Ye look like a (hcep and ye had twa horns, 
l^olwarc ye peip like a mnufe among thprns. 

Bewar what thou fpeaks, little foul*carth-tade, ; ^ 
Wirh thy Cannigate breiks beware wh^t thou fpeaks. . 
Or there (hall be wat chicks for the laft thou made ;' ! 
Bewar what thou fpeaks, thou liide foul-eurth tajc. 

Foul mifmade ptytiog,. bor^ in ihe JVIerfc, . ... . 
Polwart to MoNTG,pMeB.Vf. 
Thy ragged roundels, raveand royt. 
Some Ihort, fome lang, fome out, of lync, ' 
Wiih fcabrous colours, fulfomefloyt. /T 

(Procccdand from a pynt of wine,) 
Which hauks for fault of feet like nunc. 
Yet fool thou thought no ihame to wrice them. 
At mens commands that laiks engine, 
AVhich doited dyvours. garc thee ditc ihcm.' 

When thou believes to win a name. 
Thou flialt be baniflit of all bield. 
And lyne recelt baiih fkaith and (hame. 
And fae be forc*d to leave the field. : , .' . 
Only becaufe, Owle, thou'dois ufc it, 
1 will wHte verfe of common kind. 
And, fwingeour, for .thy fake rcfufe it ; 
To crabe thee huir.bler by thv miiul, 


iAM£s VI. 1567— x6o5* S95 

pedlar ! I pit'j-e chat opyned 
To bucket with him ihat beires the belL 
Jackflio ! be better anet engyn'd. 
Or Ifhall flyee ngainik my fell 

Firft of thy joft genealogie, 
Tyke ! I fliali teil thee truth I troW ( 
Thoo Wis begotteti, fome fiiyet mt^ 
Betwixt the dell and a d<ifi kow 
A night that when the fiend was fow. 
At baaqteet bridkud ac the beir. 
' ThdW fdwited f ^e a twth brod fow» 
Anianf ebe tiliddtega moivf a y«ar« 

On miectandmnthet in the feild^ 
Wkh Bcdt thml notvifli'di wai a year, 
' ll^ile rhut than pall hatth pfoor and petkl 
Into Arg;7le fome lair to letr ; 
At the lait hi^t did well appeir« 
When thou (ito6d fidging at the fire^ 
Faft fykand With thy Heiland cbear ; 
My Flytifig forc'd thee fa to tyre. 

Into the fand wher6 thou wat born, 
I read of nought but ic was ikant 
Of eattel, dething, and of corn. 
Where wealth and Well-fkir baith doth want. 
Now, tade^face, take thii for notant, 
I hear ^dur hobfing is right fair. 
Where howlring howlets ay doth hant, 
With Robio-red-bt-e^ft but repair. 

The Lords and Lairds within that land 
I knaw are men of mekil rent, 
And living, as I underiland. 
While in an innes they be content 
To leiTe and let their houft in lent, 
In lentron month and the lang fommer, 
Where twelve Knights kitchens hsth a irent, 
Quhilke for to farnilh dois them cummer^. 

Montgomery to PoLWAat. 

Vile venemoos viper, wanthrifteft of things, 
^ Half an elf, half ane aip, of nature denyit, 

ThoU fiait with a country the quhilk wassthe Kings, 

But that bargan, falfe beaft^ dear Ihall thou buy it ; 

The cuff is well wared that twa hame brings, 

This proverb, foul pelt, to thee is applyit. 

Fird fpyder of fpitc^, thou fpews out fpriogs. 

Ye wanfhapen vowbct,*of the Weirds invyGr, 
' I can tell thee how, when, where, and what gat thee, 

Vol. III. D d d The 



The qohilk wai neither man nor wife. 

Nor human creatuie on life. 

Thou fiinkaod flirr^ up of Arife, 

Falfe hovlec have at chee. . > 

In the hinder end of harvefi, on All-hallow e*en. 
When oar gopd nqghUouir* dots ride, if I read ngbt. 
Some buckled on a bunewand, and fome oo a beeu» 
Ay crottand in troupt from the tvrilight. . 
Some faidled a fliee ipf , all grathed in^o green. 
Some hobland on ^ hemp fial)^ hovand. to .the higbt. 
The King of Ph^iie and hit court with the elf QgcePy 
With many elfiih Incubut was ridand that night. 
There an elf on an ape an nniel begat, 

Into a pit by Powart-thorne, 

That bratchut in a btiffe-was born. 

They fand a monfter on the morn, 
War faced nor a cat« 
The weird fifttr8*wandrt0g, as they were wont tha/i^ 
Saw ravens ruggand at that ratton by a ron ruit. 
They mufed at the mandrake unmade like a man, 
A bead bund with a bunewand in an auld bait. 
How that gaift had been gotten to guefs they beg^n, - 
Well fwiird in a Twins ikin, and fmcird oVewitb fuit* 
The lielly that it firfl hair full bitterly they ban. 
Of this mifmade nioidewart miichief they muit. 
The crooked camfchoch croyl, unchriilen.thcy cu^^p 

They bad that baich ibould not be but 
^The glengorc, gravel, and the gut. 

And all the plagues that firft were put 

Into Pandora's purfe. - 

Wo worth, quoth the Weirds, the wights that thee wrought| 
Threed-bair be their-thrift,-a8i thou art wan-ihrevin: 
Als hard be their handfel that helps thee to ought. 
The rotten liro of thy warab with rooks (hall be retin, 
All bounds where thou bides to bail (hall be broyght. 
Thy gal and thy gleds fliaU be given ; 
Ay fhort be thy folace, with (hame be thou fought ; 
In hell mot thou hant thee and hide theefra hei^veo, 
And as thou aul4 gro^cs^ ib cikand be thy anger. 

To icive with linv(iiers and out-Jawes, 

With ][%urchcons eatand hips and nawes, 

But when thou comes where the cock crawes, 
' Tarry there na langcr. 

When that the dames devotly had done the devore 
In heving this hurcheon, they haded them hame. 
Of that matter to make remained no more, 




Saving next how that nuns that worlin (houM name ; 
They know '4 all the kytral the face of it beforct 
And nibM it fae dopn near, to fee it was a ihame ; 
They callM it peild Powartj they pold it fo fore. 
Where we clip, jnoth the cummers, there needs na kame, 
For we have height to^aho#n for handfel this hair ; 

They made it like a fcrapit fwyne, 

And as they cow'd they made it whryne ; 

It fliawM the fell ay cuVfenfyne, 
The beard was fa baire. 
Beand after midnight, their 6ffic« was end^» 
At that tyde was nae time for ttoumpotif g to t^rry, 
Syne backward oh hocfebaek bravely they bendit. 
That cam.nofed cocatrlc^ the^^rte tdth them carry, 
To Kait of Creif in a creil'foonthdf gar fend it, 
Where feven year it fat bai'th iinged and fairie, 
The kin -of it be the cry incontinent kend it. 
Syne fetch food for to feed it forth froifi the pharie. 
Ilk elf of them all brought art almoikfs houfe oyiler, 

Indeed it wai' a dainty diih, 

A foul flegmatifk, foulfome fi(h, 

Inftead of f^uee^ on it they pilh, 
Sik food feed ilk ^ fofter. 

Pol WART TO Montoomert; 

At liberty to Ite is thy intention, 
I anfwer ay which thou cannot deny. 
Thy friends are fiends, of apes thou feinyies mine. 
(With my auiftance faying all tiu>u can.) 
I count fuch kindred better yet nor thine, 
Withouten which thou might have barked waiil ; 
I laid the ground whereon thoii be£l began. 
To big the brig whereof thob braggis maifb. ■ 

Thy lack of judgment may be als perceived, ^ . 

Thir twa chief points of reafon wants in thee ; 
Thou attributes to aips, where thou has reavcd 
The ills of horfe ; a monftrous iigHt to fee I 
Na marvel though ill won, ill wared be. 
Farder thou flees with other fowlis wings, 
O'reclade with clearer colours than thy awn, 
But fpecially with feme of Semple*s things ; 

Or for a plucked goofe thou had been knawD, 
Or like a eran, in manting foon ouerthrawn. 
That muft take ay nine fteps before (he flee ; 
So in the gout thou might have (land and blawn, 
As long a9 thou lay gravel'd like to die. . . . ; 




The following arange >» ^tf^t (from the Baoiutjne ICS.) bas 
probably fome conaczipB with this correfpoDdeace : 

Sani^ Paul and Sand Petir wasgangand be the waj} 
Heigh up JO Ardgyle, ^uhair thair gait Uj* 
Sancft Petir faid to Paul, in a fporc word» 
Can ye not mak a Hciland man of thU capyl tord \ 
Paul turnd oure the capyl tord with his pykit ftaff* 
And updart a Hciland man blak as ony dr%ff. 
. Quod Paul to the Heiland man, Quhair wilt tlxou now \ 
I will down in the Lawland, fchir, ao4 thatt fleiilacow. 
And thow fteill a cow. carle, than thay will h^ng the. 
Q^attrak, fchir ! of that ; for aioes oum I die. 
Paul than he Jeuch, and oure the 4yk lapt 
And out of his fcheith his geully out gatt. 
Sand Petir focht thia gouUy fail up and doun. 
Yic could not find it in all that braid rooo. 
Now quho Paul, Heir a marvell! how can this bct 
That I fould wane my gully 1 and we heir hoc thrct' 
HumiT quo the Heiland man, and turn*d him aboat. 
And at his plaid nuk the gully tell our. 
Fy quo Sand Petir, thow wiU ncuir do wci^« 
And thow hot new maid fa foae gals to (UiU.. 
Umfifquo the Heiland man, and fwere be yoo kirk, 
Sa lang as 1 get geir to fteill» will I neTir wixk. 

To this piece, the obfervations which Lord Hailes makes upon Moot* 
gomery*8 Rcplyi are no lefs applicable:— *< Tt is equally illiberal and 
icurrilous, and (hews how poor, how rery poor, Genius appears, whea 
its compofitio^s are debafed to the meaneft prejudices of the meaneft 
vulgar.** Add to this, that the reply feems unintelligible. 

Since the preceding flieet was printed, I obferve that Dempfter calU 
the author of the " Satire againfl Montgomery,** PatrUiux Ht/me"^^ 
equeftri dignitate, a gentilicio patrimonio Pouluarilus vocatus, magno 
ingenio, praedaro eventu poeticen Scoticam adornavit.— Thn lad cir- 
cumflance probably alludes to Hume's poem on the Spaniih Invafion.— 
Betnpficr deiigns Montgomery •• equca Mcntanus vulgo vocatus." 



-»-»«»i<i>a<— >— III I % I 

aims of this gentleman to a peerage ft and thus : 
rell's Diary" we find the following article ; 
^ati. 17. Ane play was made by Robert Sem- 
Performed before the Lord Regent and divers u- 
he nobility . * ' The noble family ofSem pie having 

at leafi one poet in the reign of James VI. it 
libablt that a play ^ written by one of that name^ 
ircely be fuffered to perifh. The only dramatic 
he Scottifij language f that has any appearance of 
npofed about that period, is Philotus. Infiyie 
ner^ this play is extremely fimilar to the poems 
rt Semple in the Banna tyne MS. Frorn Doug- 
rage it appears^, that Robert, the fourth Lord 
who fucceeded his grandfather in 1571, was a 
good parts ^ and continued to profefs the Roman 

religion* He died in 1611, apparently at a 
ble age ; fuppoftng 70, he would be about 27 
\s play and the poems afcribed to Robert Sem- 
e compofed* ^11 of the ki carry marks of youtl\ 
qftility to the fanaticifm of the reformers, ^his 
mplc married a fifler of the Lady ioho is fo 
elebrated by Captain Montgomery : and a per- 
le name c/". Semple /'/ alleged to be the co-adjutor 
gomery in the Flyting between him r/z/^Polwart. 
efe circumfiances combined^ it feems rather pro-- 
at Lord Semple was the author of the following 
c performance. In judging of its merits^ this 
*iufi keep in his mind both the cera of its compqfi- 
i the age of the author. 




Philotus, the auld man. 
The Plesant- 
Emilie, the madyo. 
The Macrei^l, (or Macleer.) 
Alberto, the madjnis father, 
Flavius, ane young man. 
Stkphano, Albertois fervant. 
Philerno, Albertois fone^i 
BrisillA) Philotus his dochter* 
The Minister. . . 

The HuiR. 
The Messinger. 

,r, ; 


I 111 II 

P H I L O T U S, 

PhilotUs direEiis his Speich to EmilIE, 

yj LUSTiE luifsome lamp of licht ! 
Your bonynes, your bewtie bricht, 
Your ftaitly ftature, trim and ticht. 

With gefture grave and gude : 
Your countenance, your cullour cleir, 
Your lauching lips, your fmyling cheir, 
Your properties dois all appeir, 

My fenfes to illude. 

Quhen I your bewtie do behaldl, 
I maun unto your fairnes fald : 
J dow not flie howbeit 1 wald, 

Bot bound 1 man be youris : 
For yow, fweit hart ! 1 wald forfaik 
The Empryce for to be my maik, 
Thaiifoir, deir dow ! fum pitie tak. 

And faif me f ra the fchowris. 

Peme na ill of my age, my dow ! 
Ife play the younkeris part to yow. 
Firll try the treuth, then may^^trow, 
Gif I mynd to dcCave : 




For gold nor geir je fall not want, 
Sweit hart with me thairs be na fcant, 
Thairfoir focne grace unto me grants 
For courtefie I crave. 

Emilie, I wait not weill, fir, quhat ye meine, 
Bot fairlie I have feindill feine, 
Ane wower of jour yeirs fo keine^ 

As ye appeir to be : 
I think anc man fir of your yeiris, 
Sould not be blyndit with the bleiris. 
Ga feik ane partie of your peiris. 

For ye get nane of me. 

7he Auld Man fpeiiis ta the MacrelL to allure ti 


Gude dame, I have yow to impdoy : 
Sa ye my purpofe can convoy. 
And that yon lafle I micht injoy. 

Ye fould not want rewaird ; 
Give hir this tablet and this ring. 
This purfe of gold, and fpair nathing ; 
Sa yc about all weill may bring, 

Of gold tak na regaird. 

MacrelL Na fir, let me and that allane, 
Suppofe fcho war maid of a ftane, 
Ife gar hir grant or all be gane, 

To be at your command : 
Thocht fcho be ftrange, I think na wonder, 
Blait things is fone brocht in ane blunder, 
-Scho is not the firft, fir, of ane huuder, 

That I have had in h:ind. 

f am ane fifche, I am ane eiti, 

Gan fteir mj touog and: t^yle ricbt weill^ 

I give me to the 99i^km deilli 

Gif pDie can dp mait : 
J can with fair anis fleitch and flatter. 
And win ane crown hot with ane clatter. 
That gars me drink gode wyne for watter^ 

Suppois mj back ?a bair. 

fU-J __^ >^J,.l , .. I \ ^ ,, i |. . , ■ , , . I'. 

Tie Macrell intends to allure^ tie Madyn^ 

pod Wis yow ^ai^yip^ ^i^b your buik : 
X*eife me thay lippis that 1 on luik; 
X hope in God to fle yow bruik 

Ane nobill boufe at ^^^n^ : • 
I ken ane man into this toun^ 
Of byeft honour and JTjjjnpifi^. 
That wald be glaid to give bis gQun| 

For to. haye yow bis dan^e* 

flmilie. Now be iny £iull I can not fie 
Ihat thair fik vertew is in npie« 
Gudwyfe, I pray yow quhat is he. 

That msui quhom^ of ye meine I 
MacrelL Philotus is the tnan a faitb^ 
Ane groiind->richci man, and full of graith : 
He wailtis na jewels, claith, nor waithf 

Bot IS b^itb bis ^^ bein^ 

Weill war the woman all hir lyfe^ 

Had hap to be bis weddit wyfe, 

Scho micht have gold and geir als ry&f 

As copper in hir kift : 

Vol.. III. E e e Yea, 

'•'"-^SR* > 



' • . 

Yea, not a ladie in all this land, 
I wait micht have mair wealth in hand. 
Nor micht have mair at hir command. 
To do with quhat fcho lift. 

Fair floure ! now fen ye may him fang^ 
It war not gude to let him gang ; 
tlnto yonrfelf ye'ill do greit wrang, 

Sweit hart now and ye flip him : 
Now thair is twentie into this toun, 
Qf greitil^ riches an4 renoun. 
That wald be glaid for to fit doun 

Upon their kneis to grip him* 

Thocht he be auld my joy, quhat reck ? 
Quhen he is gane give him ane geek. - 
And tak another be the neck, 

Quhen ye the graith have gottin : 
Schaw me yonr mynd and quhat ye meine^ 
I fall convoy all this fa cleihe. 
That me ye fall efteme ane freine, 

Quhen I am deid and rottin. 

Emilie. I grant gude-wyfe he is richt gude, 
Ane man of wealth and nobill blude, 
Bot hes mair mifter of ane hude. 

And mittanes till his^handis. 
Nor of ane bairnelie laffe lyke me, 
Mair mcit his oy nor wyfe to be : 
His age and myne cannot agrie, 

Quhill that the warld ftandis. ^ 

MacrelL Let that allane, he is not fa auld. 
Nor yit of curage half fa cald, 
Bot gif ye war his wyfe, ye wald 
Be Weill aneuch content : 


With him mair treitment on ane day, 
^i get mair making ofl[ ye may, 


JAMES VI. ij67-»-»i6o3« 405 

Nor with ane wamfler^ fuith to fajj 
Qaheti twentie jeiris at fpent* 

Te nejther mell With lad nor loon, 
Bot with the beft in all this toon. 
His wjfe may aj fit fdrmieft doun^ 
* At eyther biirde or bink : 
Gang formeft in at diut or yet. 
And aj the £rft gudeday wald get; 
IVith all men honourit aqd Weill tret. 
As onie hatt wald think. 

S^ quhat a woman's roynde maj xrieife; * 

And heir quhat honour, wealth, and cift; 
^e may get with him and je pleife, 

To do as I flevjfe : 
Your fyre fall firft be bimaLnd cleir. 
Your madynis than (all have your geir, 
Put in guide ordoult and efFeir, 

Ilk morning or yow ryfe ; 

And fay, 16, maiftres ! heir yoitr mtiflli j i 
Put on your wylicote fot it cuillis. 
Loy heir ane of your velvote ftutillis, 

Quhairon ye fall fit doun : 
Than twafuin cummis to combe your hait,^ 
1?nt on your heid-geir foft and fair. 
Tak thair yout glaflk ; fie all be clair ; 

And (sL gais 6n your goun. 

Than £ak to ftanche your morning drouth' 

Ane cup of mavefie fen" j^our mouthy 

For fume* caff fuckef in at fouth, 

Togidder with a toift : 

Thrie garden gowps tak of thie air,' 

And bid your page in haift prepair,^ 

For your disjone fum dl^intie fair. 

And ,cair not for na coiff • 


4^4 CHRONiCLt ev icdtiS'SH fWfllft 

Ane pair of plevaris p|f pj^ttg fkoJt, 
Ane pertrick and aae qiittilyie gttf 
Ane cup of fack, fweit and Weill ftt^ 

Maj for ane Inreckfaft gaitie. 
Your cater he may cair for fyne 
Sum drlicatc agane ye dyne. 
Your cuke to feafoun al fa fyne. 

Than dois imploy his pMne. 

To fie your fervantt^ Hia;^ ye gaiigf 
And luke your madynis all tLtbMg^ 
And gif thair onie wark be wrangi 

Than bitterlie them blaaie. 
Than may ye have baxth quaiffis lUid hdHsf 
Mich candie ruffes and barleC bellis. 
All for your weiring and not ^it^ 

Maid in your houfe at hame. 

And now quheti all thir warka is ddne. 
For your refr^fching efter nMt, 
Gar bring upto yout chalnier fcfnr^ 

Sum daintie difche of mt^Kt : 
Ane cup or twa with mtifcidalli 
Sum ilthiir licht thing thairwithaUv 
For rafin^ ot' for caperi^ caU, 

Gif that ye pleafe to eate* 

Till fuppertycbe tfheii aiay ye tbdff^- 
Unto your garden to repois^ 
Of merelie to tnk ane gloiSy- 

Or tak ane buke and reid oti f 
Syne to your fupper at ye brocht. 
Till fair fdll far that hes bene (beht^ 
And daintie difches. deidie 1>odit, 

That ladies loves to feid on. 

Tlie organcs than into your hidly 

With fchalme and tymbrell feund they fid V 


The vyole and tlie lute wkb dl. 

To gar your meat difgeft : 
The fupper done, than ttp ye tyfe, 
To gang ane quhyle as is the gyfe, ' 
Be ye have rowmit ane alley thryfe. 

It is ane myle almaifl. 

Than ihay ye to your chalmef gatigf, 
Begyle the nicht gif it be lahg, 
With talk and niefie mowes ^tBang, 

To elevate the fplene : 
Tor your collation tak and taift, 
Sum lytill licht thing till diigeft. 
At nicht ufe Renfe wyne ay almaift, 

For it is cauld and clene. 

And for your back I dar be bou'ld. 
That fe fall weir even as ye T^oidftl, 
With doubill garnifchingd of gould, 

And craip above your hair : 
Your velvote hat, youj hvtde of ftait^ 
Your myflell quhen ye gang to gait^* 
Fra f6ne and wind baith air. and lait. 

To keip that face fa fair. 

.Of Fareis wark wrocht by the laif. 
Your fyne half-cheinyeis ye fail have. 
For to decoir ane carkat craif \ 

That cumlie coUbnr bane : 
Your greit gould cheinyie for your titoh^ 
Be bowfum to the carle and beck, 
For he has gould aneuch, qnhat reck ? 

It will ftand On nane. 

And for your gownes, ay the new gtryfe 
Ye with your tailyeours may deis^e, 
To have them loufe with plets and jplyis^ 
Or dafped clois behind : 


f • ' '-■*■ '.- 


The (luSe, mj hart ! ye held not haine; 
FaD velvoty rajfde, figurit or plaine. 
Silky Taty^ie, damayfe, or grograine» 
The fyneft ye can find. 

Your claithes on cullouris cuttit out.' 

And all pafmentit round about ; 

My blcffing on that femelie fnout, * 

Sa Weill I trow fall fet them : 
Your fchankis of filk, your Vjclvot fchone/ 
Your borderit wylicote abone. 
As ye dcvyfe all fall be done; 

Uncraifit quhen ye get them. 

Your tablet be youV hals that hinges 
Gould bracelets and all uther things^ 
And all your fingers fOiU of rings. 

With pearls and precious ftanes :'. 
Ye fall have ay quhiU ye cry ho,- 
Kickillis of gouid and jewelUs to ;> 
Quhat reck to tak the bogill-boy 

My bonie burd, for anis ? 

Sweit hart! quhat farther wald ye have ? 
(^hat greiter plefour wald ye cra^*e ? 
Now be my faull yOw wiH defavc,- 

Your felf and ye forfaik him : 
Thairfoir fweit honie I yow pray, 
Tak tent in tyme and nocht delay ; 
Sweit fucker, 6ick me not with nay, 

Bot be content to tak him. ^ 

\Plefant. The deviU ciim lick that beird auld row^.* 
Now fie the trottibus and trowane, 
Sa bufilie as fgho- is wowaiie, 

Sie as the carling craks : 
Begyle the barne flio is bot youtog,* 
youll fall thay lips, God npr that toiing^ \ 


JAM£S VI. 15(57—1603. 407 

War doubill gilt with Nurifch doung. 
And ill cheir on thaj cheikis.] 

Ktnilie. Gudcwyfe all is bot gudel heir. 
For Weill 1 lufe to m^k gi;de cheir, 
For honouris, gould^ and uther geir. 

They can not ^e refufit : 
I grant indeid, my daylie fair^ 
. Will be fttfficient and mair, 
Bot be it glide ye do not fpair. 
As roytiUie to rufe it. 

I grant all day to be Weill tret, V 
Honours anew and hicht upfet^ 
. But quhat intreatment fall I get, 
I pray yow in my bed ? 
• ^ Bot "lyith jane lairbair for to !y, 

Ane auld defd ftock, baith cauld and dry, 
^nd allmy dayes heir I deny. 
That he my fchankes fched. 

His eine half funken in his heid. 
His lyre far caulder than the leid, 
His froftie flefch as he war deid, 

Will for na happing hcit : 
Unhealthfum hofting ever mair. 
His filthfum flewme is nathing fair, 
Ay rumifching with rift and rair, 

Now, wow gif that be fweit. " 

_ His ikynne hard clappit to the bane. 

With gut and gravell baith ouirgane ; 

Now quben thir troubles hes him tanc, 

His wyfe gets all the Wyte : 

For Venus games I let them ga, 

I geffe he be not gudeof thay ; 

I could Weill of his maners ma, , 

' Gif 1 lift till indjte. 


4o8 caaoKj^:i,9 sa moirmn, tMSnyr^ 

MacrelL For Venus :gm^iJd^9lo|r'^^D^4 
Waill me ane wamflertbl^ ^aii ^^»5 
Sen thair may be n^ iithei; btti^ * ^ 

Plat oa his head ane horne : • < 

Handill me that with.w^ ajQ^ ^iy^. 
Ye may have eafments^t yp^ vn&^ ^ 
At nicht gar young oieo cw yQW tiUj. 

Pat them away at niorpe^^^ - , 

^milu. Gnde-wy£e» all is 1)00 Tkbe yr fiHci 
To me of fik maters to fpeik, ^^ ,- v» ^jj-i ; 
Your purpois is not worth ^qe leik^ : t 

I will heir yow n^ maar : 
Mark dame, and this is all fuldil^|||p ^ .. : 
If ever ye this earand c«m, 
Or of your head I heir ane muia«. . j 

Ye fall repent it fain 


■ ■■■■■> I I I, ■■ IP ««!"■ 

MacrelL Yon daintie dame, f^ipfiQ i$ i(i^ ^yffi 

Sche'ill nocht be win be na devycc, ^ 

For nouther prayer nor for'pry$:e» ' ' '' '« - • 

For gould nor uther gaine. <-- 7 

Scho is fa ackwart and fa th raj - ^^. 

That with refufe I come hirifra, ' 
Scho, be Sana Marie, &yf|ii# tMBi fi|f 

\ dar not ga agane. 

'^j;i-..v<.. A A. 

■ ■ii»i 11 ■ I r n _ y i . iii 1 I I ,, i . 1 HJir.-. ' "^ ■ ■ "-r- 

pHlLOTUs enieris in ^oirfirtn&ewiti th£^Madjfm £^^ 


Gude gofle ! fen ye have ever benej 
My trew and auld familiar freind, > ' 

To mak mair quentance us betwenCj *^ 
I glaidly could agrie : 


^e have ane dpuchtei q^ihome unti]^ 
[ beare ane paiBng grit gude will, 
Quhais phifnomie prefigures, iki^y 
With wit and honeftie. 

Gif me that lafle to be zby wyfc^ 
For tochcr-gude fall be na firjfie^ 
Beleive me fcho fall have ^uie lyfe^^ 

And for your geir 1 care not ; «r^ 

Faith ye your fdf fall mo4ifie, 
Hir lyfe-rent, land, and conjund fie. 
And goflbp, qudair thay fime fall be^ 

Appoynt the place and fpaix not« 

Betwixt us twa the heyrisf-maill^ 
Sail bruik my heritage all haiil, 
Quhilks gif that thay happen to faiQ^ 

To her heyris quhat faever : 
My moveables I will devyde^ 
Aue pairt my douchter to provydc, 
Ane pairt to leave fiin^ freind afyde, 

Quhen deith fall us diflever. 

Alberto. Gude 0r, and goiTopy I am glaid^ 
^hat all be done as ye have faid. 
Tak baith my blifling and the maid, 

Hame to your houfe togidder ; 
And gif that fcho play not hir pairt,. 
In onie lawfull honeft airt, 
^nd honour yow with all hir hairt, 

I wald iho gaid not thither. 


Alberto fpeiks to his Dochter. 

For the ane man I have forefeine, 
Ane man of micht and welth I meine. 
That ftaitlier inay the fufteine. 

Nor ony of all thy kin j 

Vol. III. . r f f Ane 


'. • « * 

Ane man of honour aadTsmmb^' ^nirl t»i j?- » ; 
Ane of the potentes of ^he totiit^ nob cc ^^v \ c 
quhair nanc imy bein^r,iU4^li,<)^ k . i 
This citie all within^ j |p g^. .^4 >, ^* ic. 

Emilie. God and gude tiakureixtoii allti^^'^^^ - ^^ 
That I obedient be to yow, ^ too ^i 3' t?b i ^^ 
And father, hithertils I trovtfgr. \iir I T ^a;r!? r, n 

Ye have nane uthorAtheV k- i-iii i r. w v c v 
And als eftemis yow for t«Ite^ ^^^ 3:n:iii. or/can c i 
Ane loving father unto me, rr noii li.ij ' i^ii) ' yJi 
Thairfbir dcir father letvfkft^i^f^^iciT I hoD >t ffti nA 

The man of quhome y^e jpj^iff^^ftj ^^m' ]- w jii; tn ^ 

Alberto. Philotus Is the fiiatidtsAeid.^^c ^ jfbib j u li ) ^ 
Quhair thow ane nobill lyfd^inay-lii^jfx^'^V' ^^-7^ ^^-'^ 
With quhome I did fa far prOtt^i^ ilnni tUi -^.^M ii£t ^ 

We want bot thy giidtf ^\l i^i- yi^f lol wjrh nsriiji 
Now give thy frie coofeAt thalffbiri^^^' bas ivL^id :!; /• 
Deck up and do thy felf decJoit, ' ■* i'^n; ^.ruod [ n > 
Gang quickly to and fay nq jpioir ioqi* lioi /} ' > v li- 

Thow man agrie th?iiftil}» ^ ; -jhirn t^ ;^» :>p r ^ '^ 

jEw;7iV. Gif ye lira furie W^dir«&iift6,^' <^fi^ ^^-^ ' ^^ 
Atid patientlie heir me agan^/^ '^'^ .i.i ith Jl \:i\ \i.^ 10 4. 
I fould yow fchaw in'tetfttife ^liijiii^ p cbt^w-^it'^ n 

With reafon ane excufeiJ-^ <">' 'ol sm ^1i?:jc ^cU^-jo.,: ' 
Sen mariagebene burtlfi?Mai)Wi^ i'^e^-h '^^^^'^ ^ri^tn 3- 
God and gude nature dois a^ee^^ I^ "^^^^ -^^^^^ vUnu: 
That I quhair as it lyfce^ npjt mf^ ^ r>.' j"! 1 - /j^ 

May lawfullie refuie« '^ : > - r,rvf: hj!i^ i: if;^// . > 

I am fourtene, and he foutXcbiH ' l' ' . 

I haill and found, he f«jik arid lofir, ^ • '• « ^ 
How can I give conlentthfliitfoi!^ *' >/ ^ :3i v mj > 
Oryittillhima^ree?^'^^^^^ ^^>^^«^^^ '\ '^ 

Judge gif Philotus berfifi-rfei^'^"''^' ^^^^ ''*^''' ' 
To feik ane match fo far un^ft,^^ ?t)iiii T nU --^t 


1 ,-.;«')*! } %.Ci 



Thocht I refafe him^ f jj.tbern&rditj^^ ^ 

. I pray yow pardon jinif0^ 

To tant or tell, that he was aid ? " 

Or durft fefufe C|chtt,th«it^J-¥iirid 

Have bidden the obe^ ? .? v ^ 
Bot fen ye ftand fa lytill aw^ * * \ 
Ife ga^ yoW, maiftres, for torfatiaw,' 
The impyre parents hes ^Jsuw^ r 

Abiiif thaT children ay, :r ot; 

And heir to God I naak attfe V6\;fr, 
Bot gif thow at my biddiki| %oW,- 
I fall the dreffe, aad,bfttfein:bcKl^,i ' 
. And fyne advyJC^ itfte^belterv: Li^ . « 

I fall thee caft intill ^p^^f ..^ > .- >- ^r 
(^hair thow for yeir and fli^ fefl ftt^' ' 
With breid and watei:iiiiifdj»k»it^ , > . 

Hard bound intill ane^fei^tfi^^ 5: 

Thow fat fa fbft upon thy^«tiai, .' ; ^ 

Th^t making off made the aiie ftxill ; ^ 

Bot I fall mak thy wtag^ mvSUp 

For all thy ftomack ftout,{^ . 
That efteTward5quhip,tblaMhow4^f;v; ■■'■ 

Thou's be agaft tad for to greili „ 
Perthance thow grcinei |h»t |4«y»tQrpT:eJf> 

Advyfe thee and fpei^^oftt* • 

i/w/AV. Sweit father, niitigate your rage ; 
Your wraith and anger, fir, affwa^g* j 
Have pitie on my yonthlie age, 

Your awin flefch and your blude : 
Gif in your yre I be ouerthrawin, 
Quhome have ye wraikit bot your. awin,2, 

Sik creweltie hes not benej^nawiv mj 
Amang the Turkes fa-rude.. . 



41^ cHROfficLC OF scortiM liAnf* 

The favage beifls inlo thikir kynde, 

Thair young to pitic ar iaolynd. 

Let mercie thairfinr muif jour tnyniej^ 

To her that hunbblte cryis : 
Tak up and lenifie jronr yre, 
Sufpend the furic of your fyt^. 
And grant me layfer, I defyre, 

Ane lytill to advyfe. 

• ¥ « ■«* 


[^Heir foUowts the Oratioun of the yonier Ylxnos 
to the Madyrtf hir anfwer and confent^ the con* 
voying of her from her father : her father ad 
the auld wowerfoUowls^ and finds PbilernOi tht 
Madyns brother^ laitlie arryved, quhome thay 
tak to be the Madyn ; and of his deceit. 

The raging lovtr, the fdrce and flaming fyre 
That dois my breift and body al combure 
Incendii with the dart of grit defyre^ 
Fra force of thefe Vn^ fpaiking eyis iul fure, 
Hes me conflraynit to cum^nd feik my cute 
Of her, fra quhom prpceidit hes nny: wound>. 
Quhom neyther falve nor fyrop can aflure^ 
Bot only iho can mak me faif and fovind. 

Lyke as the captive with ane tyrant tame. 
Perforce with proniife t>oifti£ to and fro, 
Quhen that he feis all uther graces gaine, 
Man fuccour feikof hvm that wrocht his wo : 
Sa mon I fald to my maift ffeilidly ,ib> . 
To feik for falve of her th^t gi^ye the fair : 
To pray for peace, thocbt mo go, . 
To cry for mercie, quhen as I may na mair. * 


Sa fen ye have me captivate as thrall. 
Sen ye prevaill, let pitie now have place 5 
Have mercie fen ye maiilres at* of aU ; 
Grudge not to grant your f applicant fam grace. 
To flay ane tain man^ war bot lack allace, 
Fra that he cum voluntarlie in will : 
Sen I am, miftres, in the felf fame cace, 
^Ane thrall confenting pitie war to fpill. 

<Vuhat ferly thocht puir I, with luif opprefl, 
Confes tlie force of the blynd archer boy ? 
How was Appollo for his Daphne dreft. 
And Mars ama&t his Venus to enjoy ? 
J3id not the thundering Jupiter .convoy 
For D^inae him felf into ane fliowre, 
TTbe gods above fen luif hath maid them coy, 
tinto his law thenrauhy fould I not low^e ? 

As taine with ane nor Daphne mair decoir 
Quhais vult to Venus may compairit be : 
And bene in bewtie Danae befoir. 
Suppofe the God on hir did caft his eye : 
Quhais graces to hir bewtie <iois agrie, 
And in quhais fairnes is no foly found, 
Quhat mervell, miilres^ than, fuppofe ye fe. 
With willing band me to your bewtie bound ? 

Quhais bricht cont^yning bewtie with the beamis 
Na les al uther pulchritude dois pas. 
Nor to compair ane clud with glanfing gleaihes, 
Bricht Venus cullour with ane landwart las : 
•The quhyteft layke bot with the blacked a^. 
The rubent rois bot with the wallowit weid. 
As pureft gold is precioufer nor glaiTe, 
Your bewtie fa all uther dois escceid. 

Your hair lyk gold, and lyfc the pole your eye^ 
Your fnawifeh ch«iks lyk quhyteft ailabaft. 


J> r.-'- 

♦ ' 



Your lovcfum lips fad^ foft^.apd fwf^t wc fic> . - ,/: 
As rofcs red quhen that aoe iLoyvr^ is^p^ft i,,^ - p 
Yout toung micht mak DemoIUji^es agafti , v- 
Your teith the pelrls micht of thair ^lace depjrjrire. 
With bwiilis of Indian ebar at the laft 
Your papis for the priofititf dois ftryve. . / 

And lyke as q^hen the {lamping feale is fet; 

In wax Weill wrochr, quhill it is foft I faj> g 

The prent thalrof renaayning may ye g^t, i:i 

Suppois the feale it felf be tane away.; - 

Your femlie ftiaip fa fall abyde for ay,. ,^,i ,. - ,| ./] 

Quhilk throw the ficht my fetilis hes reiraifvt/f . ^; 

Thocht abfent ye, yit 1 fall nicht and day, ., 

Your prefcnce have as in my hiatt ingraint. ' , 

Thocht fanfie be bot of ane fi^ur*? faii^it, ^ , 
Na figure fcids quhair thair is na e^eft : 
Evin fa fweit fauU I perifch bbt as g^i^Jt, .^,11^ 
With fanCe fed. that will na falling br^l^:..,; .,> 
Suppois I have the accident, qujfi^ re^K? , . 
Grant me the folide fubftance to atteind* ,^ 

Gif not, quhen ye to deiih fall me direft, 
Quhom bot your aWin have ye confoundit clein ? 

Laft, fen yc may my meladie repeid, 
Releive your Syfiphus of his reftles ftane ; _._, 
Your pitius breift thi^t dois fujl ryfely bleid, 
Grant grace thairto, befoir the grip b,e gaue. 
Cum ftanche the thrift of Tantalus aaoae,i . ; 
And cure the wounds gevia v^iih Achilkst knyfe. 
Accept for yours fair maiftres, fuch a one, 
That for your faik dar facrifice his lyfe. 

Emilie. Yout orifoun, fir, foundis with fie ikiU 
In Cupid's court as ye had bene irpbrocht : 
Or fofterit in Parn&flus forkit hill , 

Quhair poetis hes thair flame and furie focht. 



; JAMES vr. 1567— 1603. 415 

Nocht taiftmg^bf fWeit'!fielicbn for nobht, 
As be yourpfefirit j^teface dols appeir : 
Tending thaifby, quhill as we have na thocht, 
To mak li^s'to your purpois to adheir* 

With loving language tending till allure $ 
With fwpit difcourfe the fimpill till ouirfyle ; 
Ye caft your craft, your cunning, and your cure, 
Bot pure orphanes and madynis to begyle. 
Your waiUit out words, ihventit for a wyle, 
To trap all thofe that trowis in yow na traine; 
The frute of flattrie is hot to defyle. 
And fpred that we can never get againe. 

Ye gar us trow that ,aH i^ur heids be cowit, 

Jn prayfing of our bewtie by. the ikyis : 

Quhen with your Words we ar na mair bot mowit, 

This way to Ijie glf ug ye may f uppryfe : 

Your doubill hart dbis ^yerie day devyfe, 

Ane thowfand flilfts was never in your thocht, 

Ye labour thus with all that iii yow lyis. 

For till undo, and bring us all to npcht. 

And this concept is common to yow all, 
3For your awin luft, ye fet not by our fchame. 
Your fweiteft words ar feafonit all with gall. 
Your faireft phrafe disfigures bot defame. 
J think thairfoir thay giritlie ar to blame. 
That trowis in yDW mair nor the thing thay fe : 
Bot I, quhill that Emilia is my name 
Xo trow i fall lyke to San<^ Tliomas be. 

Fla*vius, For feir, fweit maiftres, quhat reniqid? 
Ouha may perfwade qfihair tliair is dreid ? 
Yit deme ye wrangdullte in deid'. 

Now be my faull I fweif : 
Your honour, not your fchanib I fcik, 
1 count not by my luft ^nc leik, 





It was na fik thing, maiilres tncik. 
That maid me to cum heir. 

This is my fate jc fall me truft-^ 
Judge ye your fclf gif it be jufl. 
In honed luif and honefl lull. 

With yow to Icid my lyfe : 
This is the treuth of tny intent. 
In lawfull lufe hot onlie bent* 
Advyfe yow gif ye can confest^ 

To be my weddxt wyfe. 

Emilie, Sir, furelie gif I underftude. 
Your meining for to be as gude, 
J think in ane we fould conclude, 

Befoir that it wer lang : 
I am content to be your wyfe. 
To lufe and ferve yow all my lyfpj 
Bot rather flay me with a knyfe. 

Nor offer me ane wrang. 

Bot Sir, ^ne thing I have to fay. 
My father hes this uther day. 
In mariage promifit me away. 

Upon ane deid auld ipan ; 
With quhome thocht I be not contenti 
Till nane. uther he will confent, 
Mak to thairfoir for till invent 


Ane convoy, gif yow can. 

Lykewayis yow mon firft to me fweir^ 
That ye to me fall do na deir. 
Nor fall not cum my bodie neir. 

For villanie nor ill ; 
Ay quhill the nuptiall day fall (land. 
And farther, fir, gif me your hand, 
With me for to compleit the band;^ 

And proraeis to fulfill. 


JAME4 VI. 1367— 1503» 417 

^avius. Have thair c&jr band with al 107 faart| 
And faithful! promeis for my part^ 
INa tjme to change qUhUl deithis dart 

Put till my lyfc ane end : 
fiot he ane hufband traift and trew, 
JFor na fufpeft that anis fall rew, 
Bot readie ay to do my dcW| 

And nevir till offend. 

JEmilie. All day quhairto the trueth to tell, 
i dar nocht with that matter mcQ, 
Bot yit I fall devyfe my fell, 

Ane fchift to ferve our tume : 
For kelping ftairt baith lait and air, 
^nfend-furth may I never fair, 
]VIake I ane mint and do na mair, ; 

I may for ever murpe. 

X^hen I hs^vc unbethocht me thryfe, . 

I can na better way devyfe, ' 

3ot that I man me difagyfe, >- ; 

In habite of ane man ; ^ 
Thus I but danger or but dout. 
This bufines may bring about, 
|n man^s array unkend pas out^ 

For ocht my keipars can. 

Thairfoir ye fall gang and provyde, 
Ane pages claithis in the meine tyde^ 
For all occafion^ me befyde, 

Againft I have ado : 
Let men evin as thay lift me call. 
Or quhat fumever nae befall, 
I hope within thrie dayis 1 fall. 

Cum quyetly yow to. 

Flavins. Be my awin meins I fall atteine, 
And fend to yow thay claithis unfene. 

Vol, III. G g g Convoy 



Convoj lat fie all things fa clelnc 

That never nane fufpeck : 
I will wait on my felf and mek yow. 
To fc your new claiths as thay fct yow. 
The carle that hecht fa weill to tjcit ydw, 

I think fall get ane geek. 

Emilie. I have won narrowlie away^ 
Yon carle half pat me in effray. 
He lay in wait and waiting ay. 

In changing aff my daithis : 
Sir, let us ga out of his ficht. 
Sen I am fric, my freind gude<»nicbt^ 
He lukis as all things wer not richt, 

Lo yonder quhair he gais. 

Flavins. My onlie luif and ladie quhyto, 
Aly darling deir and my delyte. 
How fall I ever tj^e requyte^ 

This grit^de will let fee : 
That, but refpeft that men caUis fchame. 
Nor hazart of thy awin gude name. 
For brute, for blafpheipie nor blame, 

Hes venterit all for mee. 

II- , ' 

Smephano, Albertois Servant. 

Maimer, full far I have yow focht. 
And full ill newes I have yow brocht, 
The thing allace, I never thocht, 

Hes happinnit yow this day : 
Your douchter, fir, (ye had bot ane) 
Ane mannis claithis hes on hir tane, 
\nd quyetlie hes hir eariand gane, 

I can not tell quhat Way, 

J wouderit 


\ ■ 

|AMES VI* 1567—1605. 41^ 

1 ^onderit firft and was agaft, 
Bot quhen I faw that fhe was paft, 
I followit efter wonder faft^ 

Yit was I not the better ; 
Sche fchiftit hes hir felf afyde. 
And in fum hous fhe did hir hyd^. 
Na fir, quhat ever fall bctyde, 

It will be hard to get her. 

Alberto. Fals pewterie, hes fcho {dajit that fport ? . 
Hes fcho me handlit in this fort ? • 

To God I vow cum T athort, 

And la J on hir my handid : 
it fall hir ane exampitl m^ 
To trumpers all, durft undertak 
For to commit fa foull ane fi^pk, 

Quhill that this citie ftandis. 

Vylde vagabound, fals harlot hnre. 
Had fcho na fchame, tuke fcho na cute; 
Of parentis that hir gat and bure. 

Nor blude of quhilk fcho fprang t 
All honeft bewtie to difpyfe. 
And Ijke ane man hir difagyfe^ 
tJnwomanlie m fik ane wj{e, 

As^ gudg^t for to gang ? 

Fals mifchaiit, full of all mifcheif; 
DifiaitfuU traitour, commoun theif^ 
Of all thy kin curit not the greif^ 

For flefchly foull delyte ; 
Quha fall into fik^trumpers truft ? 
Quhais wickit way is ar fa unjuft, 
And led with lewd licentious lull. 

And beaftlie appetyte* , 

Pbilotus. O fex uncertaine, frayle and fals^ 
Diilimulate and dtfiaitfuU als^ 


4io cHROKicu OF scamsH H»YlLt* • 

With honie lips to haild in haU, \ 

Bot with ane wickit mjnde : 
Quhome will dois mair nor reafon xnnCr, 
Mair lecherie nor honeft lufe^ 
Mair harlotrie nor gude behufe, 

Unconilant and unk^nde. 

In quhome ane ihaw» bot na Ihame fink?, 
That ane thing fajis and uther thinks : 
Ane eye lukis up, ane uther winks, 
^ With fair and feinjeit face : 
Bot goiTop go, quhill it is greine^ 
For to feik out quha hes hir feme, 
Gif of hir mojen we get ane meine, 
It war ane happie grace. 

Pbi/erno. Gude firs, is nane of jow can tellj 
In quhat ftreit dois Alberto dwell. 
Or be quhat iinge I'll knaw mj fell, 

Gude brethren all about : 
For thocht I be his fon and hejHre, 
i knaw him not a mjte the mair. 
And to this town dois now, repair, 

My father to find out. 

Alberto. Yea harlote, trowit thowibr to Ikip ? 
Sen I have gottin of the ane grip, 
Be Chrift 1 fall thy nurture nip, 

Richt fcharply or ,we fched : 
For God nor 1 rax ip ane i^aip. 
And ever thOw fra mj hand efcaip, 
Quhill I have puUit th6 lyke ane paip, 

Quhair nane fall be to red. 

Philotus. Rage not gude- goflb, bot hald your toung 

The las b6t bairnlie is and young, 

I wald be laith to wit hit dung^ . 

Suppofe fcho hath offcndit : v 



JAMES yX. 1567—1^03. 411 

»r"give hir this ane fault for mcc, 
cid I fall fouertie for hir bee, 
tiat inftantlj fcho fall agree. 
That this flip fould be mendit. 

^hiierno. Father I grant my haill offence, 
^ir claithes I have tane till ga hence, 
^nd gif it pleafe yow till difpepce, 

With thir things that are paft : 
rhir bjgane faultes will je forgive. 
And efter, father, quhill I live, 
Agane I fall yow never greive, 

Quhill that my lyfe may laft. 

Scha^v nie the maner and th^ way, 
And I your bidding fall obey, 
And never fall your will gane fay, 

Bot be at your comihand. 
/Hberto. This fault heir frelie I forgive thee, 
Philotus is the man releives thee, 
Or utherwayis I had mifcheifit thee, 

And now give me thy hand. 

This is my ordinance and will. 
Give thy confent Philotus till. 
To marie him and to fulfill. 

That godlie bliilit'band. 
Phihrno. Father, I hartlie am content, 
And heirto gives my full confent. 
For it richt fair wald me repetit, 

Gif I fould yow gainfland. 

Philotus, Heir is my hand, my darling dovr, 
To be ane faithfull fpous to yow. 
Now be my faull gofTop I trow. 

This is ane happie meiting : 
This inatter, goffe, is fa weill dreft. 

That all things ar cumdc for the beft, 




4i3r (SHRONieLi . OF Scottish pcntfkT; 

Bot let us fet amang the reft, 
Ane day for all compleiting. 

Alberto. Ane monkh and na langer day, 

For it requyres^ na grit delay, 

Tak ihair your wyfe with yow aWay^ 

And ufe hir as ye will. 
Pb'dotus, Forfuith ye fall ga with me hame/ 
Quhair I fall ktip yow faif fra fchame, 
Unto the day, or than me blame. 

That fcho-fall have nape ill; 

Plefant, Quha ever faw in all th air lyf<^,' 
Twa cappit cairlis raak fik ane ftryfe. 
To tak a young man fox his wyfe. 

That will play him ane paiTe : 
Put doun thy hand vane carle and graipV 
As thay had wont to cheis the paip^ . 
For tliQW hes gotten ane jolie jaip, 

In lykenes of ane laiTe. 


Phi LOTUS fpeiks to his Dochter BRisifLA. 

». * 

Brifilla, Dochter myne, give eir, 
A mother I have brocht the heir, 
To me a wyfe and darling deir* 

I the command thaiifoir, 
Hir honour, ferve, obey and luif, 
Wirk ay the heft for hifbehuif, 
To pleis hir fie thy pairt thow pruif| 

With wit ihd all devoir. 

Philotus to his new Mrycte. 

Ufe hir even as your awin my dow, 
Keip hir, for fcbo fall ly witl^ yow, -r, . 




vJAMES VI. 1567 — ifiojr 413 

iQuhill I may lawfuUie avow. 

To lay yow b^ my fyde. 
f^hilerno, I fall your dochter, huiband fweit, 
Na les nor my companyeoun treit. 
And follow baith at bed and meit, 

Qubill that I b&ane bryde. 

Philerno to BrisiLla. 

JHow dois the quh^ijl of fortoun go, 
Quhat wickit weird hes wrocht our wo ? 
^rifilla youris an4 ipyne alfo, 

Unhappilie, I fay : / 

Pur fathers baith hes done agrie, 
That I to youris, evin as ye fie, 
^nd ye to njyne fall maryit be, 

And all upon ane day. 

{]ard is our hap and luckles chance, 

Quha pities us fuppofc we pance ? 

full oft this ma(«r did I ikance, ) 

Bot with my felf befoir : 
I have bene thteapnit and forftittin, 
Sa oft that I am with it bittin, 
Invent a ^ay or it be wUtm, 

And remedie thairfoir. 

Brtfilla, Maid res, all ace for fik remeid, 
That fik ane purpois fould proceicj, 
1 wdd wifch rather to be deid, 
Nor in that manner matchit : 
Quhat aillit ye, parentes, to prepalr, 
Your childrens deip continuall cair ? 
your crewell handes quhy did ye fpair, 
' Fir ft us to have difpatchit. 





Unnataral fathers cow quhairfbir 
Wald ye your dochters thus devoir ? 
For your vane fantafies far moir^ 

Nor onie gude rpfpeck : 
Is it not doit trie hes yow drevin, 
Haiknayis to feik for haift to h^vin ^ 
I trow that all the warld evin^ 

Sail at your -guckrie geek. 

Solace to feik them felAs to fla, 
Ane myre to mifi^ thay fall in ma ; 
Thay get bot greif quhen as thay ga. 

To get thaxr greiteft game : 
^ And wee young things tormentit to, 1 

Thair daffing dois us fwa undo, 
Qif thay be wyfe« thair dpings lo. 

Will fignifie the famq. 

Pbilerno. It profeites not fpr to compleine, 
I^t us forfie ourfelves betwene. 
How we this perrclLmay preveine, 

And faif us fra thair fnairis : 
Gif thatt the goddes, as thay w€ill can, 
Wald me transfer me intill ane man, 
We twa our felves foul4 marie than, 

And faif us fra thair cairis. 

Brijt/la. Mak yow a man, that is bot mowis. 
To think thairon, yopr greif bot growis, 
For that devyfe devill haid it dowis, _ 

Sen it can never be. 
Philerno, Quhy not ? gif that with faith we pray. 
For oft the goddes, as I hard fay, 
Hes done the lyke, and yit thay may. 

Perchance till us agrie. 

That Tphis was a mayd we reid, 
And fwa did for hir prayer fpeid, 


JAMES VI> 1567 — 1603. 425 

ie rcuth the goddcs indeid, 
formde hir in ane man : 
3n's piaycr purchaft lyflp, 
new eburneall wjfe, 
kandis had carvit hir with an^ knjfe, 
vifagft paill and wan. 

laj not now aU w^iU ^s^ than, 
des convett me in ane man ? 
e gif that my prayer can^ 
lie will aflay : — 
:reit goddes celeftiall ! 
itie muifers greit and fmallj^ 
r^inlie powers ane and all ! 
humblie I yow pray. 

an from your impyre abone, 
n your heich triumphant tro(ie« 
)uir faullis fend fuccoUr fone, 
ur maift fpeciall grace } 
low we puir m^dynis oaiirne, 
and luif how baith we burnej 
r intill ane man me turne, 
U efchew this cace. 

mv parents hes oppreft, 
all dew thair dochters dreft, 
meit matphes ^o moleft ' 
ie faijlis, ye fie : 
r, immortall Goddes of grace ! 
lat our prayeris may tak pHte, 
my kynde, this cairfull cace 
folace to fupplie. 

. Ane faith perfupait with fyne folicj 

oie vane word alla-volie, ' 

yer is not half fa holie, 

:-lurdane as it femis : 

III. Hhh Bot 




Bot all inventit for a wjle. 
Thy bedrfallow for to bcgyjc. 
The bonie lafle bot to defyle, 
Na dowbilne^ that demes,] 

Brifilla. Maiilris^ qahat now ? metbink ye drei](ie, 
Or than to be in fowne ye fexme : . 
Scho lyls als deid, quhat fall I deime. 

Of this unhappie chance ? 
Scho will not heir me for na cry is. 
For plucking on fcho will not ryis ; 
Sa lairbair-lyke lo as fcho Wis, 

As raveift in a trance. 

Pbilerno, O bltfsfull deitie divyne, 
Maift happie convent, court and tryne^ 
That dois your glorious eiris inclyne. 

Our prayeris to adheir : 
We rander thanks unto vow allj 
For heiring us quhen that we call. 
And ridding us from bondage thrall. 

As plainlie dois appeir. 


I am ane man Brifilla, lo ! 
And with all necefiaries thairto. 
May all that onie man may do, 

I fall gar yow confidder : 
Now fen the goddis above hes b^ocht. 
This wonderous wark, and hes it wrocht. 
And grantit all evin as we focht. 

Let us be glaid togidder. 

Brifilla. Now fen the gods hes fuccour fent^ 
And done even as we did invent, 
My joy ! I hartly am content 

To do as ye devyfe : 
Throw God's decreit my onlie choyfe, 
In fnutual lufe we fall rejoyfe. 

JAMES VI. 1567 — ^1603* 41J 

irious fathers baith fuppofe,' 
ly wald ikip in the ikjis. 

us. My dow, fuppois I did delay, 
:um is our fweit nuptiall day ; 
Foir mak haift fwa that we may, 
yme cutn to the kirk. 
no, Ga quhen ye lift, fir^ t am readier 
r is ane gus-heid, for be our ladie^ 
your (one, and ye my dadie, 
lis morning id the mirk. 

'er. I dout not bot ye underftand^ 
Sod is author of this band^ 
lie adioun that we have in hand^ 
did himfelf out fet : 
It effed alt men I meine, 
keip thair bodyes puir and cleine^ 
•mication titl abfteine^ 
1 children to beget. 

n the mater cums athort, 
her day, I will be fchort, 
ois the parties baith exhort, 
charitie and luif : 
eir this woman for your wyfe, 
luif and cherifch hir but ftryfe^ 
her als, terme of your lyfe, 
f hir ye fall remuif. 

or your fpous Pbiktus than, 
and luif him as ye can^ 
k for him all uther man, 
lill deith do yow diffever : 
.ord to fanftific and bleffe yow, 
ace and favour als I wifch yow. 




Let not his luif and tnercie xnifTe jow, 
Bot be with yow for ever. 

Flavius* conjuration* 

mercie God, how may this \it ? 
Yon is indeid richt Emilie ! 

In forme of hir a faith J fie. 
Sum devill hes the defaifit : 

1 will in haid thairfoir gang ^ame/ 
Expell yon fpreit for fin and fchanie, 
And to tell me diy a'wiii ridvt tvur^^ 

For God*s caus I wfll ctaif it. 

The croce of God, our Saf lour fwelt, 
To faif and fave me fra that fpreit. 
That thow na hap have for to hi^it^ 

With me in all thy lyfe : 
In God's behalf I charge the heir, 
Thtit thow ftraik in my hart na feir, 
Bot pas thy way and do n^ deir. 

To neyther man nor wyfe. 

Fir ft I conjure th£ be SanA Marie, 
Be alrifch king and quene of faric. 
And be the Trinitfe to tarie, 

Qtthill thow the treilth have taull : 
Be Chrift and his apoftilles tweU, 
Be fanftis of hevin and hewis of hiell. 
Be auld Sanft Auftian him fell. 

Be Peter and be PaulL 

Be Mathew, Mark, be Luik and Johne, 
Be Lethe, Stix, and Acherone, 
Be hellifche furies everie one, 
Qnhair Pluto is the Prince : 


JAMES VI. 1367 — 1603. 429 

That thow depart and do na wonder > 
Be lichtning, quhirle wind, hayle nor thunder, 
That beaft nor bodie get na blutider. 
Nor harme quhen thow gais hence. 

Throw power I charge the of the Paip, 
Thow neither girne, gowl, glowmc, nor gaip, 
Lyke anker faidell, lyke unfell aip, . 

Lyke owle nor alrifche elfe : 
Lyke fyrie dragon full of feii', 
Lyke war wolf, lyon, bull, nor beir, 
Bot pafs yow hence as thow con:ie heir, 

In lykenes of thy felfe. 

Emilie, Gude-man, quhat meine ye ? ocht bot gude ? 
Quha hes yow put in fik ane mude ? 
Befoir I never underftude, 

The forme of your conjuring. 
Flavins, I charge th6 yit as of befoir. 
Pas hence and troubill me no motr, 
Trowis thow to draw me ouir the fcair, 

Fals feind with thy alluring I 

Emilie, Gude-man, quhat mifteris all thir mowis ? 
As ye war cumbred with the cowis, 
Ye ar, I think, lyke Johne of Lgwis, 

Or ane out of his minde. 
Flavins, In God's behalfe I the befeiche, 
Impefche me not with word nor fpeiche, 
111 fpreit, to God I me beteiche, 

Fia the and al thy kynde. 

Plefant, Ha ha, ha ha, ha ha, ha ha, 

The feind refave the lachtcrs a. 

Quhilk is the wyfeft of us twa, 

Man qu bidder thow or I ? 

Flemit fuill, hes ttiow not tint thy feiU, 

That takis thy wyfe to be ane deill, 



Thow is far vaioeft I wait wdU, 
Speir at the ftanders by. 

Flavins. I charge the jit as I have ellis. 
Be halie relickis, beidis and bellis. 
Be ermeitis that in defertis dwellis. 

Be limitoris and tarlochis : 
Be fweit Sand Stevin flanit to the deid, 
And be San£t Johne his halie heid. 
Be Merling, Rymour, and be Beid, 

Be witch is and be warlochis. 

Be San£l Maloy, be Mojfes rod. 
Be Maliomeit the Turkifch God, 
Be Julian and San£t £lous nod. 

Be Bernard and be Brjde : 
Be Michaell that the dragon dan^ 
Be Gabriell and his auld fang. 
Be Raphaell in tjme of thrang^ 

That is to be as gyde. 

Emilie. My luif, I think it veric lyke. 
That ye war licht or lunatyke. 
Ye feir, ye fray, ye fidge, ye fyke. 

As with a fpreit poffeft : 
Quhat is the mater that ye menc ? 
Quhat garris yow braid ? quhair have ye bene ? 
Quhat aillis yow joy ? quhat have ye fcne ? 

To rage with fik unreft. 

Ilaviuj. Quhat have I fene, fals hound of hell I 
I trowit quhen I did with the mell, 
Thow was richt Emilie thy fell, 

Not ane incarnate devill : 
Bot I richt now with my aw in eine, 
Richt Emilie have maryit feine j 
Sa thow mon be ane fpreit uncleine. 

Lord faif me' fra thy evill. 


■- 1 ■ <««i*^ 


JAMES VI. 1567 — 1603. 431 

5e vcrtew of the Halie Ghaift, 

E>epairt out of myne hous in haift, 

^nd God quhais power and micht is maifti 

Con ferve me fra thy cummer : 
Gang hence, to hell or to the faiie. 
With me thow ma na langer tarie. 
For quhy ? I fweir the be Sand Marie, 

Thou's be nane of mj nummer. 

Pbilerno. Gar wfche this houS| for it grows Uit. 
Hufband I have for to debait. 
With yow a lytill of e(lait| 

Befoir we go to bed : 
Sen I am young, ^nd ye ar anld. 
My curage kene, and ye hot cauld. 
The ane mon to the uther fauld, 

A faith befoir we fched. 

Philotus, We wil not for the maiftrie ftryve, 
We mon grie better and we thryve. 
Pbilerno. Na be my faull we' is wit belyvc, 

Quha gets the upper hand : 
Indeid thow fall heir me a be veil. 
For with my neivcs I fall the nevell ; 
Auld cuftrone carle, tak thair a revell. 

Than do as I command. 

Philotus. I fie it cummis to cufHs the man. 
He end the play that thow began, 
That viftorie thow never wan, 

That fall be bocht fa deir : — 
Ha mercie, mercie Emilie, 
Tak ye the maillrie all for mc, . 

For I fall at your bidding be. 

And flay me not, I fweir. 

\Plefant. Wei clappit burd, quhan wil ye kifie ? 
Auld fuill, the fcind refave the miffe, 



Ye trowit to get ane burd of bliSe, 

Ta have ane of thir maggies : 
Quhat think ye now ? how is the cace. 
Now je'ill do'it all, allace, aUacs, 
Now grace and*honour on that face. 

Quod Robein to the haggles.! 

Pbilerno, Than hecht ia haift, thairfoir, that thoif 
Sail readie at mj bidding bow, 
Quhat ever I do thow /all allow, 

Mj fanfie to fulfill : 
Sa^ng I out, fa cum I in, 
Sa gif I waift, fa gif I win, 
Quhat ever I do mak ye na din, 

Bot let me wirk my will. 

T*hou may not fpeir the caus, and qi;hy, 
Quhen that I lift not with yow ly^^ 
Quhat I th€ bid, and thow deny^ 

We -will not weiH agrie ; 
Quhen that I plcis furth to repair, 
Speir not the cumpanie, nor quhair : 
Content thyfelf, and mak na mair, 

I man thy maiftcr be. 

Philotus, I an> content quhen and how fone. 
All till obey that ye injone. 
That ye command it man be done, 
Thair is nane uther buit. 


PhiUf'fto. Quhat is your pryce damefall fair ? 
Quhat tak ye for a nichtis lair ? 
Huir, Ye fall a crown upon me fpair, 
Bot quhom w th fal I do it ? 

Phihrno. lie get a man, have heir a croun, 
Bot be- Weill ftrange quhen ye ly doun, ^ 


1AVB& ^VL 15^— Xfoj.' '^ 423 

lak njce, and gar tbe larbair lowne 

Belcve ye be a majd. 
luir. The jouogeft las m sdl thi& ekie, 
>all bydena mair reqmift nor treitie^ 
le cry, as I war huirt^ fb^ pitie, 

Quhen I am with him laid. 


Emt/ie. Now fea my bufband hes done bp 
3ut caus for to put me him £ra» 
: will unto my father ga, 

Befoir his feit to fald. 
father, fa far I did oSend, 
fhat I may not my mis amende 
Vnd am ouir pert for to pretend 

Your dochter to be cald. 

illerto* Lament not, let that matter be^ 
fhy faltis ar buriet all with me* 
ietwixt thy huibaad now and thee> 

Is onie new debait ? 
Zmilie. 1 knaw of nane, bot he indoid 
les put me fra him, quhat reooeid? .« 

^d will na mair fik foileris feid| 

He fayis of myne eftsut* 

ilherto to Philotus. Quhat is the mater that ye meine^ 
\.gainft all ordour clair and cleine ? 
ichut hame your wyfe that hes not bene, 

Yit fyve dayes in your aucht ! 
s this ane plefant godlie lyCe, 
To be in barrace, fturt and ftryfe ? . >s , 

The feind ane wald, man, be your wyfe^ 

Can never fit in faucht. 

^hilotus. Knew ye the treuth gude-man^ I trow, 
lir labour ye fould not allow. 
Vol. lit. lix Lnke 



Luke !— all my face^— behald mj brow, . 

That is baith blak and bla. 
Alberto. It may weill be» I can not tell. 
That fcho durft ^^th that mater mell ; 
Let hir mak anfwer for hir fell. 

To fie gif it be fa. 

Dochter, gave I th^ this command. 
That thow thj hufband fould ganeftand, 
How durft thowy huiri him with thy'biuid, 

Pat to the point of felling. 
Emilie. That war grit wrang fir, gif Ca bee, 
Bot he na hufband is to mee. 
Than how could we twa difagree. 

That never had na melling. 

Alberto. Na melling miftris ? wil ye than 
Deny the mariage of that man. 
In face of halie kirk quha can. 

This open dcid deny ? 
Emilie. Let refoun, fif, with yow prevalll, 
Condemne me not firft in the faill, 
Befoir that ye have hard my taill, 

The treuth fyne may ye try. 

Now this is all that I wald fay. 
That Flavins tuke me away. 
About a moneth and a day. 

Draft in a varlet's weid ; 
With quhome I have bene ever ftill, 
Ane uther Eoiilie ay and quhill. 
He faw yow give Philotus till ; 

And than in verie deid, 

Supponing me ane devill of hell, 
JW^ith crewell conjuratiounes fell. 
Did me out of his hous expell, 
As with a bogill bazed : 


JAMES iri. Z567..i6oj. 435 

As ane out of his mjnde or inarrlt^ 
He hes me of his hous debarrit. 
i can not tell quhat hes. him fkarrit^ 
Or hes the man amazed. 

j4lberto. This purpois, gofle, appeirs to me 
Sa wonder nyce and ftrange to be. 
That we to wit the veritiey 

For Flavius man fend ^ 
Sir, gif ye could declaims vx)v^. 
How lang this woman was with yoW, 
And all the maner quhen and how. 

We wald richt glaidlie kend. 

Flavius, Sa far, Alberto, as I knaw,' 
I fall the fuith unto you fchaw. 
Quhen I your douchters bewtie faw, 

I offef it hir gude-will : 
Accepting than the promife maid, 
Gled lyk« a boy, but mair abaid^ 
Fra yow difiaitfuUie fcho flaid. 

And come jpyne houfe until! ; 

Quhair I hir keipit ds itij wyfe. 
Tret, luifit and chereift hir for lyfe> 
^^hill efterward fell out ane ftryfe, 

Thir maters all amang : 
For plainlie in the kirk I faw. 
This ik^n became your fone in law -, 
1 did thairfoir perfydy knaw. 

My ExtiiKe was wrang. 

And that fome fpreit hir fchaip had tan^. 

Sen Emilies thair was hot ane, 

I thairfoir to thai ghaift have gane. 

Conjuring hir my frll : 
And fra my hous expelHt hir to« 
This woman feimis for to be fcho, 



4)6 ^ cutLomoLm ^^ scotriM ketrt^ 


Senfyoe I had na mairndo) 
With that fals feind>«f ImH. 

Pbilotus. Now, Flavius,. I Wait richt weiU, 
Sen ane of them man be a deill^ 
Mj maiglit fftce rai^s me to feiH, 

That myne man be %h^ fatne : 
For quhy richt Emilie is yottris. 
And that incarnate devill is ouris. 
I g^t, ye may fie be my ctonrisi 

A deill unto my dame. 

Pbilerno. Heir I am cum to red the ftryfe. 
For I am neyther deill nor wyfe, 
Bot am ane young tAafl, be my lyfe. 

Your fone, fir, and jrfttir air ; 
Quhome ye for Emilie haif tane. 
And wald not, firs, let me alane, 
Quhill ye faw quhat gait it is gaae, 

I can tell yow na iBair. 

Pbilotus, A man, allace ! and harmifay ! 
That with my only dochter lay. 
Syne dang my fell : quhat fall I fay . 

Of this unhappie chance f 
Have I not maid a berrie block. 
That hes for Jennie maryit Jock ? 
That moyit my dochter for a miock* 

The devill be at the 4ance. 

Allace, I am for ever {Shamit, 
To be thus in my eild defamit. 
My dochter is not to be blamit. 

For I had 'all the wyte : 
Auld men is twyfe bacr^is, I per&if. 
The wyfeft will in wowing rai^ 
I for my labour with the laif, 

Am drivin to this difpy te. • 




Alberto. Gude goffe, your wiaith to pacifie^ 
Sen that thair may na better be, 
I am content my fone that he 

Sail with your dochter marie. 
PhiUrno. 1 am content with hart and will, 
This mariage father to fulfill, 
Quhat neidis Philotus to think ill. 

Or yit his weird to warie. 

Flavins, Be frolick, Fiavius and faine, 

To get thy Emilie ugaine. 

To deme, my dow, was I not vaine, 

That thow had bene a fpreit ? 
Now fen I am feed fra that feir. 
And vaine illufioun did appeir, 
Welcum, my darling, and my delr. 

My fucker and my fweit. 

Gude firs, quhat is thair mair ado ! 
Ilk youth his lufe hes gotten lo ! 
Liet us thairfoir go quicklie to, 

And marie with our maitis : 
Let us foure Infers now rejoyfe. 
Ilk ane for to injoy his choyie ; 
Ane meiter matche nor ane of, thofe. 

For tender young eftaitis. 

Let us all foure now with ;ane (Cang, 
JWith mirth and melodic amang. 
Give gloir to God that in this thrang, 

Hes bene all our releif : 
That hes fra thraMome let us f ri^. 
And hes us placit in ilk degrie. 
Ilk ane as he wald wifch to be. 

With glaidnes for his greif. 



^ne Sang of the Foure Lufearis^, 

Were Jacob's fones mair joyful! for to fe 

The waltring wawes King Pharaoh's oift confound ? 

Was Ifrael mair glaid in hart to be, 

Fred from all feir, befoir in bondage bound? 

Quhen God them brocht from the Egiptian ground 1 

Was Mordocheus raerier nor we, 

Quhen Artaxerses alterit his decrie ? 

Was greiter glaidnes in the land of Greice, 
Quhen Jafon come from Colchos hame agane/ 
And conqueift had the famous golden fleis, 
With labour lang, with petfell and with pane ? 
The father ^zon was not half fa faine. 
To fie his fone returning with fik gloir. 
As we, quhais mjndis ar fatisfjit, and moir^ 

Gif onie joy into this earth belaw. 
Or warldlic plefour reput be perfyte, 
Quhat greiter folace fall ye to me ihaw. 
Nor till injoy your hartis all haill delyte ? 
To have your lufe and luftie ladie quhyte, 
In quhome ye may baith nicht and day fejoyfe' ; 
In quhome ye may your plefures ail repbfe. 

Let us, thairfoir, fen evin as we wald wiffe, 
Reciprocklie with leiH and mutuall lufe, 
As fleitand in the fludes of joy and blifie, 
With folace fing and forrowes all remufe. 
Let us the fruftes of prefent plefour prufe; 
In recompence of all our foimer pane, 
And miferie, quhairin we did remane. 

Phtlotus. Bot now advert gude bretherin all about, 

That of my labour hes the fucces feirie : 

Ye that hes hard this haill difcourfe throw out, 

May knaw how far that I abufit have bene. 

I grant indeid thair will na man me meine, 



' JAMES VI. 1567— 1603. 439 

"jFor I my felf am autl^or of my grerf. 
That by my calling fould be caryit cleine. 
With youthUe toy is unto fa greit mifcheif. 

XJif I had wcyit my gravitie and age, 
Rememberit als mj firft and auncient fait, 
1 had not (bwmit in fik unkyndlie rage. 
For to difgrace mine honour and eftait, 
Quhat had 1 bpicht bot to my felf debait, 
Suppois the mater had cum than as I meinit : 
Nay my repentance is not half fa lait, 
As I had gotin the thing quhairfoir I greinit. 

For thocht my folie did the Lord offend, 
Yit my gude God hes wrocht all for the beft ; 
And this rebuik hes thairfoir to me fend. 
All fik inordinate doings to deteft, 
-Qnhilk fweit rebuik I reckin with the reft, 
From fatherlie affe£tion to proceid, 
T^at uthers with lyke paffiouns pofieft. 
May leime be my exampill to tal^ heid. 

Sen age, thairfoir, fiild governit be with fkilj^ 
XiCt countenance accord with your gray hairis ^ 
Ye auncients all, let refoun rewU your will, 
3ubdew your fenfis till efchew thir fnairis. 
Gif ye wald not incombred^be with cairis, 
Be maifter over your awin affeSions haill : 
For hailillie the praife is onlie thairs. 
That may againft fik paffions prevaill. 

^he MeJJlnger. 

Gude firs, now have ye hard and fene this fcrfe, 
Unworthie of your audience I grant, 
Unformallie fet out in vulgar verfe. 
Of waillit out words' and leirnit leid bot Ikant. 
The courteouis that princes hallis do hant, 
1 wait will never for n^y rudenes rufe me : 



CBROHicLB or sGotxisH fonmr* 

Yit mj gude-will &r to fuf^e the waot^ ^ 
I hope fall of your coortefies excufe me* 

For pailing well i have implojit tfij psmis 
Swa that ye can be with the fame cootent ; 
For dew regaird gude accepttouBis gaines. 
And parties pleifit dois mak the tyme wel fpeot* 
Gif God had greiter leiming to me lent, 
Ifuld have fchawin the fame with als gude will; 
Wyte ignorance that I did not invent, 
Ane ferfe that micht your fanti^es fulfill. 

Laft firs, now let us pray with ane accord. 
For to pfeferve the perfoun of our king : . 
Accounting ay this gift as of the Lord« 
Ane prudent Prince above us for to ring. 
Than gloir to God, and prayfis let us fing. 
The Father, Sone, and Halie Gaift our gycle> 
Of his mercies us to condud and brings 
Xo hevin Cor ay in plefoures to abyde. 


A BA;t;»Af 




By Semple. 


vyp collours cleir, quha Ijkes to weir. 
Are findrj forts into this toun ; 
Grcne, yellow, ble^, and monj hew, 
Bayth Pareis blak, and Inglis broiin ; 
Braw Londoiln Iky, qiiha lykes to buy^ 
Colour de Roy is clene laid down. 
And Dunde gray, this mony a day, 
is lichtlyt baith be lad and loun. 


But ftanch my fyking, and ftryd rny lykihg,^ 

Are feimly hews for iimmer play ; 

Din dipt in y allow for mony gude fallow. 

As Will of Quhyt-hauch bad me fay ; 

I will not deny it till nane that will by it, 

For filver nane fall be faid nay : 

Ye neid not to plenyie, my claith will not fienyie^ 

Suppofe ye weit it nycht and day, 

And I have Quhyt of great delyf. 
And Violet quha lykes to weir, 
Weil wcarand Reid quhill ye be deid ; 
Quhilk fall not failyie, tak ye no feir. 
The Quhyt is gude, and richt weil lued, 
fiut yit the Reid is twyifs als deir ; 
The Violet fyne, baith frefche and fyne. 
Sail ferve yow hofeing for a yeir. . 

Vol. HI, Kkk IV. 




The Quhyt is tcuch, and frefche aneucb, 

Saft as the filk, as all men feis. 1 ^^ 

The Reid is bony, and fotht of mony ; I ^^" 

They hyve about the houfe lykebeis. |^''PP 

My Violet to, gif ye have ado, ||^ 

It meitis lyk ftemmyne to your theis ; I 

Sure be my witling not brunt in the litting, " ^ 
Suppois baith lads and limmers leis. 


Of thir thrie hews I half left clews, ■ °^ 
To be our court- men winter weid, 

Weill twynt and fmal, the beft of them all I ^'^ 
May weir the claith for woul and threid ; I ' 

But in the wawk-roill, the wedder is ill 5 I ^ 

Thir are nocht drying days indeid;— " 

And gif it be wat, I hecht for that, 

It tuggs in holes, and gais abrejd. ■ ^' 

Yit its weil walkit, cardit and calkit, 
As warm a weid as weir-the-deule, 
Weil wrocht in the luimis, with wobfters guimis, 
Baith thick and nymble gaes the fpule ; 
Cottond and {horn, the mair it be worn, 
Ye find your fell the greater fule j' 
But bony forfuith, cum byit in my baith, 
To mak ye garmentis againe yule. 

Thir mixt togither, your felf may confider, 
Quhat fyner cullour can be fund. 
And namely for breikis, gif ony man feikis. 
Sail haif the pair ay for a pund : 
Howbeit it be &ant, na wowars fall want, 
That to my bidding will be bund. 
Weil may they bruik it, they neid not to luik it. 
But grape it mirklyns be the grund. 


/ JAMES^ VI. 1567 — 1603. #43 


Your conrt^men heir, has made my claith deir. 

And raifd it twell-pennies of the ell, 

Yit is my claith fouver, bed fadles to couv^r, 

Suppofe the Seffion ryd themfell. 

The Violet certain, was maid at Dumbertain ; 

T he Reid was walkit at Dunkell : 

The Quhyt has bein dicht in mony mirk nicht. 

But tyme and place I cannot tell. 

Now gif ye work wyllie, and fhape it precyflie j 
The ellwand wald be grit and lan^, 
Gif the byefs be wyde, gar lay it on fyde j 
And fa ye cannot weil gae wrang. 
And for the lang left, it wald be fchewd faft> 
And care not by how deip ye gang ; 
But want ye quhyt threid, ye can nocht cum fpeid^ 
Bl^ck walloway maun be your fang. 

And thocht it be auM, and twenty tymes fawld, 
Yit will the freprie mak ye fain. 
With ulis to renew it, and mak it weil hewit, 
And gar it glans lyk Dunmy grain ; 
Sync with the fleik ftanis that fervis for the n? 
They raife the pyle I mak yow plain : 
With mony braid aith, we fell this fame claith. 
To gar the buyers cum again.. 

^\ XI. 

Now is my wob wrocht, and arlit to be bocht. 
Cum lay the payment in my hand j 
And gif my claith felyie, ye pay not a melyie ; 
The wpb fall be at your command. 
The market is thrang, and will not laft lang ; 
They buy f aft in the Border land ; 
Abeit 1 haif tinfel, yit maun I tak hanfell, 
To pay my buith-mail and my ftand. 




My claith wald be lude, be great mea of gude, 

Gif lads and lownis wald le^ me be ; 

Yit maun I excufe them, how can I refufe tbcm, 

Sen all mens penn j maks him frie ? 

The bed and the gzj ot, my felf take a fey ot, 

A wylie-coat I will nocht lie, 

Quhilk did me no harm, but held my coft warcQ} 

A fymple merchant ye may fee. 

This far to relieve me, that na man reprieve me, 
In Jedbrugh at the Juftice air. 
This fang of thrie lafTes was made ^bune glafTes^ . 
That tyme that they wer tapflers thair. 
The fir ft was anc Quhyte, a lafs of delyte j 
The Violet baith gude and fair ; 
Keip the Reid frae ikaith, fcho is worth them baitb ; 
Sa to be fhort I fay na tnair. 


This poem and the foljowing are printed from the -£«/r^r^^», collat- 
ed with the originals in the Barmatyfic MS. and have the appearance of 
being the lateft genuine produdions in the hand-writjng of BanoatyDC 
"Which are to be found in that Colledion. Probably there is not a^ear 
of difference betvreen the period of their compoHtlon and that of Philo* 
tus ; and I have not a doubt that the fame Robert Seihple was the au- 
thor of all the three. They are not only extremely fimilar to one ano- 
iher, but totally different from any other produ<^ions ol that agf . 



By the Same, 


'^ Haif a littil Fleming berge 
^^f cleanly wark, and fcho is wicht. 
XiJhat pylot takis my fchip in charge, 
^aun hald her clynjy, trim and ticht : 
Se that hir hatches be handlit richt, 
AVith fteir burd, baburd, luf and lie ; 
Scho will fail all the winter nicht, 
And nevir tak a telyevie. 

With even keil afore the wind, 
Scho is richt fairdy with a fail. 
But at a lufe fcho lyis behind. 
Gar heis her quhile her howbands fkail ; 
Draw weil the takle to her tail : 
Scho will not mifs to lay the maft. 
To pomp as oft as ye may fail, 
Teill nevir hald her watter-faft. 

To coif hir aft, can do no ill. 
And talloun qtthair the flude-mark flows ; 
But gif fcho lekks, get inen of ikill 
To /lop hir hoilcs laich in the howis : 
For faut of hemp, tak hary towis, 
And flane-ballaft withouten uddir ; 
In moonlefs nichts it is na mowis. 
Except ane flout man f):eir the rudder. 




A uir velTfll abune the watter. 
And :^ but iaitly reikit too, 
Qjjlairto till deave je with tume clatter. 
Are nane fie in the flot as fcho : 
Plum weil the grund, quhat eir je do, 
Ha^ on the fok-(heit and the blind ; 
Scho will tak in at cap and ko» 
Without fcho balafl be behind. 

Nae pedders pak fcho will refufe, 
Altho' her travel fcho fuld tyne ; 
Na cuckold carle or carlings pet. 
That dois thair corn and cattle trjn. 
Bot quhere fcho finds a fallow fjne. 
He will be fraught frie for a fowfe ; 
Scho carrys nocht but men and wyne. 
And bulion to the cunjie-houfe. 

For merchand men 1 may haif mony. 
Bat nane fie as I wald defy re ; 
And I am laith to mell with ony. 
To lelf my matter in the my re : 
That man that wirks bcft for his hyre. 
Its he fall be my marriner^ 
lUit nicht and day maun he na tyre 
That fails my bonny ballengcr. 

For anker-hald nane can be fund ; 
I pray you caft the leid-lyne out, 
And gif ye cannot get the grund, 
Steir be the compafs, and keep her rout : 
Syne treveis ftill, and lay about, 
And gar her top twiche wind and waw, 
Quhair anker dryves, there is na dout 
Thir tripand tyddes may tyne us a. 

f I"' 



JAMES VI. 1367—1603. 447 

Now is my pretty pinnejs readj, 
Abydand on fum merchand block; 
But be fcho empty, be our lady, 
Scho will be kitle of her dok : 
Scho will reffaif na land wart Jok, 
Thocht he wald fraught her for a crown : 
Thus fair ye weil, fays gude John Cok, 
Ane noble telyeour in this toun. 

There is one poem more in the Evergreen (from the Bann. MS.) by 
Sffffplffihutf being of a temporary natare, and rather indecorus, it it noc 
adapted for republication. In ezpoftulating with the Magiftrates of 
Edinbnrgh on account of fome har(h meafures which they hnd adopted 
Bgainft a Mrs GrifTel Sandilands and her frail family, in whofe compi. 
ny one of the Proteftant Clergy had been difcovered, Semple introdu- 
ces the names of fume diilingui(hed charaders of the time : 

Quhen finding no man in the houfe neir hand hir, 
Except a clerk of godly converfation. 
Quhat gif befyde Join Duries felf ye fand hir, 
Dar ye fufped the haly-CoNGREOATioN ? 

As for the reft, I knaw not thair vocation, 
Thair lyfe and manners; but I heir folk name them 
Catholick virgins of the Congregation, 
Syr.,n were to tyne them, if ye could obtein them. 

Micht they win to the girth, I tak nae fcir, 
Dotinhy the Canno.Croce I pray you fend them, 
Where Bannatyn has promift to compcir, 
i th lawful reafon ready to defend them. 

Your partial Juge we may declyne him to, 
But fct me doun the parfon Pennycuik, 
Or Sander J Gtf/i6Wtf— fee quhat he can do : 
He kens the law, and keips yout ain court-bukf* 

For men of law, I wait not quhair to luke ; 
'James Bannatyne was anes a man of skill ; 
And gif he comes noc there, I wifh we tuk&. 
To keip our dyct, Mcs David MaJtgilt. 

The greateft greif I find, ye haif defamed 
Thir luvers leil, and done thair freinds but lack, 
Becaufe thair bands were iuft to be proclaimed, 
Partys had met, and made a fair contrack. 





Bat now alas the men are loppen bade. 
For open fklaoder callit a fpeikaad deil. 
In gric affairs ye had not bein fae fnack. 
About the ruling of the Common.weil. 

No other poems of Semple have fallen in my way; butu U m 
than probable that he was the author of the following, mentioDcd 
Ames ; 

The Regentis TrageA*, (17 nine-KcTe (bnzas,) Qtiod Robert Set 

The Bifcbopis Lyfe mnd Tcstameihy Quod Scmpil IJ^I (four leaves. 

My Lord Metbvenis Tragedie, (24 nine-line ftanzas,) Quod Set 


*Tbe Scge •/ the CtutU of EdiMhurgb 1573, (7 leaves in nine-lioc 1 
zas,) Qi)od Senipil. 

Here it may be remarked, that after the year 1570, the fignitoi 
changed from Robert Sempil to Sempii fingly ; L e. The Bead oi 
clan ; or, Lord Scmpil, 

The account o{ Semple is given bf Dempftet in the following wo 
*^ Semple claro nomine poets, cui*patrius fermn cantum debet, ut 
plus debere eruditi f ^teantur ; felix in eo calor, temperatam judic 
rara inventioj c^idllo pura ac Candida, quibus dt>ribus Regi Jacobo 
riffimufl fuit. Scripfit Carmina amatoria ut Propertii fanguiuem, T 
lac, Ovidii met, Callimachi fudorem aequafTe plcrifque do«5lis V'ldt 
Obiit anno 1595." Douglas (Peerage) fays Lord Semple, died in ] 
As Dcropfter, when hss publifhed his book (1627) had lor many 
lived at a diftance from his native country, it is very pofiibie th; 
mjght be miftaken as to the date. 

Apparently, towards the cod of thirt century was publiflied,orai 
compofed, a long poem (about 1000 lines) on the abfurdities of Po 
by Sir James Semple of B):Itrees, coufin-german probably to R 
Lord Semple, the fuppofed author of Philotus. It is entitled, 
Packman s Pater-nojler^ or a conference between a Podler and a I 
To readers of polemical controverfy, this rare performance i^ wc 
culated to^affjrd amufement, the fubji'A being difcuffed with a conii 
ble ihare of naiveie as well as force cf argument; but it \% by no 1 
i'uitable to the plan of this compilation. Of this the reader will be 
fatisfit^d by the followino^ fonnct, which the author introduces int 
text as the produ(5tit)n of a friend : (on the margin, Alexander Se 

Why (hould prophane proud Papifts thus prcfumc 
To fay their Pope to Pttcr doth fucceed? 
Read we that Peter (il he was at Ronif ) 
Rode rob'd with triple crowns upon his head I 
PrayM ever Peter for the funis of dead ? 
Or granted j ardon for the grcatcft £n ? 

JAMES VI* 1567 — 1603. 449 

How many Nances note we he did need 
TKroQgh all the nations that his name was in f 
How niliny Friers had Poter^ can we find. 
In fandry forts fo (haven, with a fhame ? 
Was ever^Petcr fo blafphenious blind, 
^ As to take Holinefs unto his name ? 

The Pope faccceds to Peter in no cafe, 

But in denial, and in no divine place . 

<rom a paifage in the Dialogue fuperfcribed R. S. (probably denoting 
bert, the fon of Sir James Semple,) we are enabled to afccrtain- that 
compoficion cannot be of higher antiquity than that which has been 
gned to it ; 

When this life ends, my ghofl (hall go to glory : 
Pox on your pre-fuppofed Purgatory, 
Infantum limbus, and your Limbus Patrum, 
Where out none comes but hj xbc freces /rafrum. 
To make your fayings fure, you cite the fcripture. 
But falfely formed with a ragged rupture ; 
Of which, if ye would furely have a fcent. 
Read Carttoright againft Rhemes New Teftament ; 
The which to prove, how little they prevail, 
Read Doffor Mortons " Protcftant Appeal.** 

Robert, the fon (it is faid) of Sir James Semple, wrote ** The Pipct 
Kilbarchan, or the Epitaph on Habbie Simfon.** And Francis, the 
of this Robert, compofed feveral panegyrics on James II. while 
ke of York and Albany, The Bani(hment of Poverty, with various 
er poems, which ftill are extant in maoufcnpt. 

Vol. m. Lll NICOL 


In the year 1 381 was publijbed at Paris, *< The Dlf- 
putation of Nicol Burnc, profejjor of philofophy in 
St. Leonardos college^ St. Andrews, with certain mi- 
** ni/lers of the reformed religion in Scotland, 1580.**— 
From Burne's preface to this work, we learn that he 
was educated according to the .ProteJTant faith, hut af- 
terwards, from conviSiion, returned to the holy Caiho- 
lie Church, and in the year 1580 gave no fmall trouble 
to the proteftant ciergy, hy repeatedly challenging them 
to public difputatioft concerning their new tenets, TlQ a* 
void this, they " proceidit againis me (^fays Burne) 
with excommunication^ and procurit letters of caption, 
quhairhy I was luairdit frfl in the cafel of St. Androisy 
and nixt in the tolbuith of Edinburgh fra the j a^ib cf 
OBober 1380, to the penult of ^anuar^ when they pro^ 
curit my unnatural I^nifchment : and, to bring me in 
farder contempt, they f>ave fpred the brute throucb the 
popularis that, in fome conferences quhiik I had with 
them in the prefane, they wer altogidder viBoriqus, I 
half thairfor breiflie colleEHt my hail difcours with the 
miniflers, fT. Smeton, Andrew Mel vine, &c.) and 
now publifch the fame, quhairby thair maifl pernicious 
doEiryne may planelie be perfavit to be the cans of the 
tytifal of monie thoufand faults in his Majeflies realmP 
From this volume of theological difputation is eX' 
trailed the following performance ^ which, to thofe who 
fe arch for curiofities rather than for poetry^ may proba^ 
bably afford fome gratification. 



Exurgat Deus et diffipetUur inimici ejus. 1581. 


^IF pacience with confidence of God hes had rcwaird, 
Gif ireverence, obedience, be giftis notabil, 
yWith reafon, but treafon, humilitie be ftabil, - 
10 Catholic, Appftolik, the vid^or is declaird. \ 

Gif perjurie and traitorie be vjces venemous, 
G f fclander can rander his maifter recompence. 
The Proteftant fa moleftant be all intelligence, 
for hj-ire the fy-ire fal get of Ceiberus. 


1. JL o you Minifters, and Prelattis of perdition;. 
This fchedul fchort I do dire£k in plane. 

Sen violentlie ye have fruition,^ 

Of that gude fpous quhilk man cum hame agane. 

My coui)fall is, ye think hir bot a lane, 

I mean the Kirk of Chrift, our Preift and King y 

Quha for your theft I traift falbe your bane. 

That Sathan for your fauU may dergie fing, 

2. Quha has fa mony faulis in error brocht. 
To you convoy to Hcl, that kindome dark. 
Sen m^iferable flavis lyk you has ever focht. 
To be accumpaneit in all thair eviU wark.. 




Sa did our Lord the reprobat aj mark. 
As members of fedition and ftry^ 
That maifters of ane evil fteik of wark, 
Sould ay deteft the godlie upricht Ijf* 

3. For fen the tyme that fals apoftat preift, 
Ennemie to Cbrid, and mannis falvation. 
Your Maifter Knox, that wicked venemous beift| 
Was chaifSt from the Engllih nation. 

And com to you to preiche abhomination 
In Scotland, f um tjme realme of renoon, 
Extreme hes bene that defolation. 
Ye have fudcnit in citie, tour, smd toun. 

4. The Lord behaldis your knaverie grit and finally 
Your doftrine and your ly vis vicious ; 

As of his fanQuarie ye brak the wall 
Lymmers violent, fals and feditious ! 
Sic pedis war ni^ver fend pernicious 
Be God our Lord to Pharao the King, 
As you, quhom damnit Sathan Ceiberus 
Hes placit ouer Chriftianis tp ring. 

5. Sik man, fik naaifter, as is faid, 
Sik trie, fik frufte al tyme we fe ; 
And as your maifter's grund is laid, 
Lyk do the wallis and byging be : 
Father of leyis, ftryf and iniquitie, 
Tentation, blafphemie, thift, and all the lave, 
Sik childrene hes he procreat to be 
DuoUaris into his Babilon Geneve. 

6: That chyre of Antichrift and defolation, 
That hure of Babylon, and Prince of Atheifme, 
That coup of poifon for monie realme and nation, 
Blafphemand Chrift, levand in Barbarifme ; 
Counfall that fofteris herefie and fcifme, 
AVitchecraft, adulterie, and may, gif ye will crave, 



JAMES VI. 1567 — 1603, 453 

With all the properties of Sathannis dragonifme, 
place for the Antichrift in fpeciaU, is Geneve. 

7. Mony be fofterit under this huris band, 
Divers in maners, dodrine and condition^ 
Warkmen to Nerarod^ quha thocht to reich his hand 
Heich to the heavins to have fruition. 

Ane tour he beildit for tuition. 

From the deluge of waiter him to favc : 

Nemrod is Luther, fonc of perdition. 

That Romane Antichrift blafphemous knave. 

8. Thus did proceid prjd and prefumption. 
This wark attemptit contrar the michtie Lord, 
As Nemrod was ane man of gret ambition. 
The halie writ expreslie makis record. 

Bot quhen, as he in place to have adord 

His God and makar quha flrenth unto him gave, 

Began to big that tour, a thing abhord, 

As may be callit the Babilon Geneve. 

9. Then God, for juft revenge of that thair pf vd, 
Diverfitie of tungis unto thame fent, 

And unto djvers cuntreis pat afyd 
The warkmen of that monftreous intent, 
Quhilk the poftei itie jtiftlie may repent. 
The unitie of fpeiche was then dilTolvit, 
Nane undeyftude quhat another ment, 
With confufion fua was al thing invoivit. 

10. Sua quhen your mailler Lucifer the Devil, 
Be you his kingdome planelie had credit, 
Detraftand Chrift reddle to all evill, 
CofFerit within you for feir to be ftifpeflit. 
God has your tungis and myndis fa far dejecllt. 

As now dois witnes your warkis and writtingis haMl, 
With contiadldtions and lefingis4iaill infedlit^ 
Prophane Proteftantis I lament, murne and bewail. 

n. Eftir 



David/on your poet, that ikipper crous can craw^ 
Swa that he knaw the jurnaj to fucceid. 
Ley ft f the fals preift, wil fing bafe to Blaiha ; 
Kilt up your conneis^ to Geneve haift with fpcid. 

20. L!ak and Caboune, I trow wald follow fone, 
Sincere vagabundisy and outlawis Suthorne fworne,- • 
With iindrie uthers quha can not fal in tone, 
Divers in maners, unhappy, fals, forlorne. 

Thir may your fchone and buittis ntxakclene atmorne, 
Thair fleikit tungis ar fwa weil creifchit indeid, 
Better gudgettis ar not of Scotland borne ; 
Kilt up your conneis, to Geneve haift with fpeid. 

21. Bot, or ye fecht for offecis in band, 
I man of force place ane afore another. 
Amang the firft I favour flattering Brand, 
Nixt menu be Craig apoftat, paillard brother,^ 
I can not mark twa meater of the futher. 
Brand falbe furriour to mark you be the heid ; 
Craig, thow art clerk, I can not find another 
To pre ache poifon for the trev/ faulis remeid. 

22. Smeton, the baner to the I gif in gyding, 
Thow hes the thunder fubtile fatanical, 

To gar thame brek thair nekkis alreddie flyding^ 
Thow hes refufit God, his Kirk and all ; 
Tentation, licherie, libertie have maid the fall. 
Thow hes blafphemit our prophet, preift and hcid^ 
O filthie tegre Babylonical, 
Difplay thy baner, to Geneve haift with fpeid. 

23. Under the fchadow let Loufon fut it ffeve, 
Scurgear of Chrift, quhilk is ane odius thing ; 
Tormenting and burning of the puir may preve, 
For almous craving his cheritie gart ding. 
Smeton, thow grantis the kirk this day to rigne ; 
Lcrifon the fame invifible wil pleid, 


James vi. 1567—1603. 45,7 

He is thy fallow fkls, veper bialigne ; 

\feilt up jour conneis, to Geneve haift with fpeid, 

24. tVatfon^ the monk, unthriftie campion. 
And gif he tjre, Weymis maj capitane be. 
I wil not fa J hot braggard Forgufon^ 

With halflang fword fould clame to this degree. 

The firft is mutilat in the hand je fe ; 

The uther fed of bellie, erfs and heid. 

The edge of fword for commentar fervis the ; 

Kilt up your conneis, to Geneve haift with fpeid. 

25. Sen Durie cuikis, it maj ftouk th^ ful weil. 
The fyre to by and fcudle difches clene. 

Baith at a fcule infpyrit with the deil. 

Your tungis fedicious and fals hes fcourit bene. 

Your equal fioutnes is manifefUie fene, 

Furie with dag, and mtirrion on heid, 

*rhou with thy fcripture callit halflang I wene. 

The pepperit beif can tailye Jafe the threid. 

l6. Syn for you vanitie m contradidion, 
Sa man you advocattis and .riien of law be hyrit. ' 
To pleid the cans and wecht of ydur opinion, 
-Tak Sehairp and X^/V, twa wyfe men weil infpyrit.' 
Lejlie to cum from lawis to you he fyrit, 
Scbarp ff om you went to the lawis for neid j 
As he was wyfe, the other planely ikyrit. 
Gar paint thair baigis 5 to Geneve haift with fpeitf." 

27. And gif ye fear betraying of thame baith. 
As may befal in mater of fik cace, 
Kitpont I traift will lat you tak na ikaith, 
Bot ftrang and fteidfaft aganis the hill wald brace* 
XJnles his leggis war fair, fing ye Allace, 
He has the lawis and fcripture baith for neid. 
Temporal Juge, and prechour double face. 
Your meit ambaflad for Sathan I conceid. 

Vol. III. M m m 28. Tak 


28. Tak Pat erf on your viftuallis hail to keip^ ? 
That Iprdlie loun and foae of Italic. 
Blakhurne man have the prjd anles he weip ; 
Falfet I gif to Glafs and Thorn Mak-ghe. 

Sould not the Melvene^ firris, exaltit be ? 
Sa well the way he kennis, and can you leid, 
Scripture perqueir he hes finiftrouflie. 
Follow your gyde, to Geneve haift with fpeid. 

29. Bot yit ye want your trunfcheman be the way, 
That man be wyfe .and fubtile lyk a tod. 

The meiteft man for this office^ I fay, 
Is Adam/on^ inconflant heatar of God. 
He is at hame, and hes bene fua abrod ; 
Ye knaw his laft confeiEon maid you anger , 
Uifcord amang you to mak your evins od. 
For gif ye fuffer, he will grow daylie ftranger. 

30. I gif you alsy to be the difpenfature^ 
Of your unthriftie waiges as thay follow, 
Cunninghame, Bifhop, that drunken blafphematurC;^ 
For he fubfcry vit ye knaw : he can not hallow 
Except it be his cop, to fup and fwallow. 

Gii ye proceid to excommunication, 
Foryet not Boyd of Glafgow was his fallow j 
Thai thri.e.intendit to baneis you the nation. 

31. Vynrame^ the loun, he may not be forgottin, 
Qulia levis quhill God a vengeance on him fend ; 
He knew the veritie menfworne, fals. and forloppm- 
Dunkefon^ the knave, wil neuer amend ; 

Bot yit, gude Lord, quha anis thy name hes kend^^^ 
May, or thay de, find for thair faulis remeid. 
With thy eleft Arluthnot I commend, 
Althocht the lave to Geneve haift with fpeid. 

32. Ba/canqual {dlhe corporal fix ft in place, 
Denyand plane St. P^ter was in Rome, 



JAMES VI. 1567—1603. 459 

As he has faid into the Kingis face. 

His Majeftie be jou had oalie kingdome, 

Planelie denuncit the tinfel of his fredome, 

Ljk as Balquhannan with his buke him fleid. ' 

The fecund place hes litil David Home. 

Kilt up jour conneis, to Geneve haift with fpeid, 

33. The bangifter Hayis falbe the uthcr tway, 
Ane is the t jrane, the uther fals, I wis ; 
Dalgleijh the cowart may ga behind and fay. 
He may cum on the bakwart band to blis. ^ 
Lyndefay of Leith, tak thou thy pairt of this, 
Rennet bot ** manhude" may be the hand the leid, 
Senyit plane the lafs that he could kifs, 

With Michel als quha wranguflie haith leid. 

34. Symfon of Dumbar, quhat fall I fay of the ! 
I knaw thow waittis Lieutenentis place to have ; 
J grant thy wifdome foleid for to be, 

As Kellocbis dreame bearis witnes ouer the lave, 
S^ may thow baldlie ane hear place cum crave, 
"War not thow feis full ill the band to leid ; 
The lefs experience hes thow thy flock to fave ; 
Kilt up ^hy connie, to Geneve haift with fpeid, 

35. The uther number' of the Congregation, 
Hedaris, exhortaris, or quhatfumeuer thay be. 
That levis this day into the Scottis hation,' 
Let thame prepare, and hie thame haiftilie. 
With bag and baggage pak up richt fuddanlie, 
Memorlallis, writtingis, letteris, neidil and threidj^ 
For now thair glafs is run, as ye taay fe, 

Swa that of force to Geneve man. thay fpeid. 

3d. Now for your wage, that ye may byt and gnaw,, 

For every day I mak you aflignation. 

To tak the curfe and vengeance I can fchaw,, 

Of infenit people into that nation 



That CTjis to heavin : Lord^ for thy paffioD^ 
Deliver us from this bondage xniferable, 
Quhair thj name is in abhomination, 
That the to ferve thy fervandis may be abill. 

37. Curfe of the xnfantis gottin in adtdterie. 
Fornication, inceft, filthte finnis all. 

Curfe of the huil^andis that^levis feparadie 
From lauchful wjf to the adulterers thrall. 
Curfe of the people quha on the Lord do call 
For Paftoris and Sacramentis, the faulis remeid. 
Curfe of the pure, in number gte^ and {JOEiall, 
Quhom ye have fcurgit and hungerit tp the deid* 

38. Curfe of the feik Ijing in pajmis ftrang. 
And fufferis dolor with torment unfenit. 

To quhoum in faul and body ye do vrang. 

Barring away that heavinlie benefeit. 

And comfortable facrament baith of drink ,and meit. 

As planclie teftifeis the faxt chapter of Johne j 

A neidfull meane into that kingdome fweit. 

As lykwyfe is that holie undlion. 

39. Cuife of the Kirk, our mother fpiritual, 
Quhom ye have robbit and fpulyeit of hir rrcht. . 
Curfe of our Salviour, hir fpous celeftial, 
Quhom ye deny to have powar or micht. 

And callis hifia lear: O ennenieis of licht ! 
Curfe of the Bifchops and Do6lors of his Kirk, 
Quhom he hes ordanit as ey-is of hir ficht. 
Curfe of the faulis quhom ye kelp in the mirk. 

40. Curfe, for your breking of that Sacrament, 
And haly band of facred matrimony, 
Quhilkye, rebellis to Chriftis Teftament, 
Callis Baftard : Double fonnis of devilrie, 

St. Paul hes curfit you in this point I fe ; 
Moyfes forbad you to give the nichbouris wyf 

JAMES VI. 1567— 1603, 461 

To the unlauchful bufbandis cumpanie : 
Curfit be ye in all your cage and lyf. 

41. Curfit be ye be Chrift your Salviour, 
For breking of that godly ordonnance, 
Neceffar office in Kirk callit ordour, 
Quhilk ye baftard villanis of diffidence. 
In plane coptefiipt qf his prebeminence, 
Lyke Turk and Jow^Nvith Sathan do detefl. 
O vepers, forgit of malice and offisnce I 

Judas fall juge you, and God fall fcale your neft. 

42. Ye merit, furelie, for recompance and pane, 
A thoufand curfis daylie at yoiir ryfing. 

Gif godlie Noe war levand anis agane, 
He fould accufe your filthie, fals mifgyfing 
Of Haly Kirk, your tena/srar difpyfing : 
Ye Sodometis difcoverit hes hir members. 
Curfit be ye for that your ill avyfing, 
Traitors to God, land to your Prences lymtners. 

43. Curfit be ye quhais tung did fleme our Quene. 
Curfit be ye quha thoucht to fell our King, 
Traitors to God, to Ii)glifti men I wene. 

Your treafon ftrang your fyrie breift fall ding ; 
Ye gat the purs, and waittit better thing ; 
To fel the fone, as ye did fleme the mother : 
The fchip is ftrang quhen ye do fteir the rather. 

44. Curfit be ye for templis cafting doun. 
Curfit be ye for your confentement 
To flauchter of that freind unto the Cioun. 
Frudlis of your faith, perverfit jugement, 
Treafon, Invy, flauchter ar your intent. 
Sua that the godlie may not leve amang you, 
I traift to fc the day, ye fall be fell en t, ' 

That for thir faultis K, James the faxt fall hang you. 

45. And 



45. And als, of liberalitie fal ye liave, 

The malediction of God onnnipotent. 

His name Angellis, SanSis, and all the lave, 

Quhom je blafphemit hail, with willis bent. 

Conjurit fcurriors of the Antichrift, repent, 

Leve of in tjme Chriftis people to dcceave, 

Unles ye wald incur the jugement. 

In Hel to dwell with Pluto, lejing knave, 

" Reilorc thy glore, O Lord, I the befelk, 

*' Indeu with treu intelligence thy flock ; 

<* Thou feis, they leis, thy ennemeis feik 

<* Thy name to blame, as thay have thy rock, S.Pt 

•* Cum Lprd, accord, renew thy yock 

" That teichers and preicheis had in thy Kirk. 

** Avail, prevail, deftroy the block 

** That wurkis thir Turkis aganis th^ in mirk, 

** That we may fing thy prayfe benigne, 

•' To the condigne, gur Lord and King." 


In the c'rcuniftantial annals of the fir ft Scottilh Prcfbyterian Affem- 
blics by Metric and CaUcrwood^ the whole of the gentlemen, whofc 
names are here recorded, cut a confpicuous figure about this period — 
"I'o thcfe, and to Spetficotd'j History^ the curious reader is leferred for 
inf»>rmation relative 10 the appointment of committees, vifitations, fu- 
]>eiint<-ndtncit8, and other alFairs of equal importance. Not to mee- 
tion Knox^ the names of lyUlcck^ Jovn Hougb^ or J?ow, Gudman^ Craig^ 
Bijd Aruirtiv Alc'vene^ are familiar to every one who is in the leaft ac- 
quainted with the hiftory of the Reformation. The defignationaof iho 
oihers or of perfons of the fame name are : — 

^uul ATethwn, Miniftcr in J^d- is ordained to dimit one of 

br:igl' ; (oc Lord Hailes* Hiflo- them. 

nral Mrmoiis. John Durlsy one of the Miniftcrs 

IVil'iKi Lfiystrfo/t rf piindcc, Mo- of Edinburgh, originally aMonk 

('cirtni i\[ I lie 71 li AlTtnjbly. of Dunfermline. 

ja:r.cs LLidxvccd in J.577 having John DannJfon, Minifter of l.iher- 

two bcucficc-, the parlf-nage of ton, alicrwards of Salt-Preftcr, 

Sjuchvr, a:;d viciiag'.' of. 5^1cn perhaps the lame who in ^1573 


JAMES VI. 1567 — 1603. 465 

publiflied a tradi on the prefer- David Cunningham , ftyled Bifliop^ 

vation of yobn Knox, of Aberdeen, is ordained in I586 

tVilliam Da^tdfon^ of Rathcn ;— to be fummoned by the Prelb)- 
which of thele two was the po- tcry of Glaf^ow for adultery 
ct, I have not difcovered. with Elizabeth Sutherland. 

David Blacky of St. Andrews. Andrew Boyd, of Glafgow. 

yobn BrandfBrd a Monk and af- Andrew Bennet, of Bony mail. 

tcrwards Miniller of Halyrude- John JVynrame, of Portmoak, to 

houfe. whom was committed the vifi- 

TitoWiM .^wr^f/ort, Mlnift-erofPaifley, tation of Perthlhire in 1573; 

and Principal of the College of fupcrlnrcndant of Fyfe. 

Glafgow. John Duniefon, o( Trancrt; after- 

yamej Lou/on, Profeffor of Philo- wards perhaps of llolyroocl- 

fophy in the College of Afcer- houfe, being ftyled the King's 

deen, fvcceeded yobn" Knox in Minifter. 

the Church of St. Giles, Edin. Tn 1563 a Thomas Dunk'fony Rc.i- 

hurgh. - dcr in Stirling, is fufpendei for 

fVi'iiam fVatfon, a Miniftfr in E- the foul fad: of fornication. 

dinburgh, and Patrick Watfon cf Balcanqual, ore of the MinilUrs oT 

Dufdeer. Edinburgh ; fee S^etpivood^s Hif- 

Dav'td JVeymhy of Glafgow. iory. 

David Fergufon, of Duufetmlinc, Alexander Arbuthnot, Principal of 

yob/k Sharp, of Kclmcney. the College of Aberdeen. 

Grorgv Z^/V, of Siramiglo. David Hume, fomewhere in BcT- 

George /*a/fr/o« of, Of adjoining to wicklMrc, perhaps Chirnfide. 

Garioch. Gtorge Hay was Modcri'or of At- 

Peter B'ackburne, afterwards ftyled fembly in 1571; Andretu Hjv 

Biftiop of Aberdeen; fee Dr. in 1574, and Conimiflioncr ci 

Mackenzie's I jives. Clydldalr. 

IVilliam Glafs of, or in the vicinity Nicai Dalgliejb, of St. Cuthherts. 

of Dunkeld. Adum Mitchell, fomt where in Pyfe. 

Thomas Maigbe, of Haddington yames Betoun, in the Prtft^ytery ot 

or Dunbar. Kelfo. 

Patrick Adam/on, of Paifley, after- David Kinneir, in the Prcfbytery 

wards Archbi&op of St. An« of Dundee. 

drcws. Andrew Blackball, of " 

Among other fcandalous ftories of the Reformers, Burne informs u" 
that •* Schir Johann Kmnox (quafi nox, a nscendo) after the death of hjs 
fiift harlat, had the bauldnefs to interpryfe the iMe of mariage wirh 
■ the maift honorabil ladie My Ladie Fleming, my lord Duke's cideft 
dochter, to the end that his fcid being of the blude Royal, and gyvlic he. 
thair fdthei*s lpirir,micht have afpyrit to the Croun. And becaufc ht; 
rei^vit ane re^fal, it is notoriouftie knawin how deidlie he haitit the 
hail))ou8 of the Pianiilton?, albeit being deceavit be him traitorouflie, it 
was the chcif upfrttar of his hacrefie : And this maift honeil refufal 
could nather ftench his luft nor ambition ; hot a lytil cfter, he did per* 
few to have allyanee with the honorabi] hous of Ochiltrie of the Kyngi^ 
M. awin bludd ; rydand thair wiih ane gret court, on ane trim geld- 
ing, nocht lyk ane prophet^r ane auld decrept preift as he was, hot iylc 
as he had bene ane of the blude Royal, with his bendes of taffetic fefch. 
nit with goldin ringis and precious ftane;.: And, as is planelie reportit 
in the cUntrey, be forcerie and witchcraft did fua allure that puir gentsl 
woman, that fcho could not leve wi hcut him. 




'* Bur^js in Edinburgh^'* (probably a goldfmitk) 
"ivas the author of two poems which feem to have been 
Jirfi printed by James Watfon in his ** Choice Collec- 
Hon,''* 1709; vi%. the following defcription of the ^an's 
formal entry into Edinburgh, and another entitld 
*« The Paflage of the Pilgremer," a tedious alUgorj if^ 
the meafure of the Cherry and Slae, and dejlitute of a- 
ny claim to farther notice, There is fomething in ths 
manner of thefrfl which hears a Jlrong refemblance to 
the Diary of Robert Birrel, alfo dejigned *« Burgefsof 
Edinburgh.*^ ^hcre cannot, however, be any mijlaheiti 
the name of the poet, his colophon appearing to he 

Robert's account of this Entte is in thefe words :— 

** On the igth day of May, 1590, the ^ueine mads 

her entrey in Edinburghe with grate triumphe and joy ^ 

pageants being ereBed in every place^ adorned with all 

things befitting : young boys, with artifcial winges^ at 

her entrey, did flee towards her, and prefented her two 

fdver keyes of the city, ^he caflellfloott off all her or- 

dinance five fever al tymes, and at night the toune wes 

put fullof bonefyres.''* — His friend John is more dif' 

fiije in his account of this memorable d.iy. 





JTTlt Edinburgh, as mycht be {tin, 
Apoun the nineteen day of May, 
Our Prence's fpous, and fovragne quein^ 
l^ir nobill ^nterie maid that day i 
Maift honorabill was her convoy. 
With gladn^s gret, triumph and joy. 

To lecreate her hie renoun. 
Of curious things thair was all fort ; 
The flairs and houfes of the toun 
With tapeftries war fpied athort ; 
Quhair /7i7 hiftories men micht behald,^ 
With, images and an ticks aid. 

No man in mind culd weil confaye 

The curious warks before his eis ; 

In tapeftries ye micht perfave. 

Young Ramel, wrocht like lawrell treis ;, 

With findrie forts of chalandrie. 

In curious form. of carpentri^. 

It written was, with ftories mae, 
How Venus, with a thundring thudi, 
Tnclofd Achates and Enae 
Within a mekill.miftie clud ; 
,And how fair Anna, wondrous wraith. 
Deploys hir fifter Didos daith. 

Vol. III. N n n lo^. 




loy with bcr gddin ^icrii^ hair^ 
Was portret wondrous propcrlie ; 
And PoUpheme was pentit thair^ 
Qoha in his fordieid had ane ek ; 
Beoeth him bat ane littill fpace. 
Was lanos with the doabDl bcc. 

Of Romolos I faw the wonder. 

How for his interprife prophane. 

In counterfeiting of the thunder. 

For his reward thairwith was flane : 

And thair was wrocht, wi(h gpldin threid, 

Medufa, with the monftrous heid. 

Of hlfiories ! j(aw anew. 
That fragill wer and frivolus ; 
How Triton at the feafide flew 
Mifenus, fone to .£olus : 
Befide that biftoiie thair ftands 
Briarius. with his hundreth hands. 

How Jove did with the giants do. 
And how of thame he vaflage wan ; 
Thair Phocomcs was portrait to, 
Quho beirs baith fchap of hors and man ; 
And how that he gat throw the hairt. 
Throw fchot of Mopiis deidlie dairt. 

Ixion^ that the quhcill dois tuipe 
In hell, that ugly hole fo mirk, 
And !Ero(lratus quha did burne 
The coftly fair Ephefian kirk : 
And Bliades, quha fals in fouri 
With drawing buckets up and doun. 

As Mercuric with charmit rods. 
The hundreth eis of Argus traps ; • 

And how that Tiphon chaft the gods. 
Compelling thame to change thair fchaps ; 



James vi. 1567— 1S03. 467 


For Phcbiis was turned in a cat. 

And Venus in a fiche maift flat. 

Thir things wef patent to the eis^ 
Of findrj as ye knaw your fell, 
For thay wer into tapeftreis, ^ 
Better defcriv'd nor I can tell ; 
Thir I beheld quhair I did go. 
With mony hundreth thoufand mo. 

Brave nobil men of alkin forts^ 
Triumphantly befyde her raid ; 
Than at her entrie at the ports. 
Trim harangs titl her Grace was maid f 
Her /alutatioun thair was fung 
la ornate ftyle of the Latine tung. 

Gif liionus had betff? thair^ 
That oratour of eloquenbe, 
I doubt gif he could have don6 mair. 
For all his gret intelligence : 
Declaring with li.gret renown 
How fche was welcome to the town. 

All curious paftymes and confaits 
That culd imaginit be by man, 
Was to be fene on Edinburgh gaits, 
Fra tyme that bravltie began j 
Ye micht haif hard In everie ftrete 
Trim melodic afid mufick fuete. 

Thecht Philamon his braith had blawin,' 
For mufick quho was count it king. 
His trumpal tune had not bene knawin/ 
Sic fugrit voycis thair did (ing ; 
For thair the dafcant did abound. 
With the fweit diapafon found. 

Tennour and trebill, with fueit fence, 
Ilk ane with pairts gaif notis agane ^ 




Fabourdon fell with decfuience, 
With prick-faog, and the fioging plaae : 
Thair ii^ants fang, and bairnl^e brudis^ 
Quho had but new begun thair mudis. 

Muficiners thair pairts expond. 
And als for joy the bells wer rung : 
The inftniments did corfofpond 
Unto the muiick quhilk was fang : 
All forts of infl rumen ts wer thair, 
As findry can the fame declair. 

Organs and regals thair did carpe. 
With thair gay goldin glittring firings, 
Thair was the hautbois and the harpe, 
PJaying maift fweit and pleafant fpring^ -■ 
And fum on lutis did play and 6ng, 
Of inftmments the onely King. 

Viols and virginals were heir. 
With girthorns maifl iucuudious. 
Trumpets and timbrels ipaid gret beir,- 
With inilruments melodious ; 
The feiftar and the fumphion. 
With clariche pipe and cVarion. 

yhoclit Orpheus gat gret commend. 

For melodic and gud ingipe. 

His cumly fprings had not bene kendy 

Howbeit that they were maift devine : 

Nor Annphion quho did begin, 

Na honour heir he culd have wyn. 

Anna our weilbelovit Quene, 
Sat in her goldin coche fo brycht ; 
And after fhe thir things had fenci 
Syne fche beheld ane hevinly fycht ; 
Of nymphs who'fuppit ne^ar cauld^ 
Quhois bravities can fcairce be taulJ. 

JAMES VI* i567--*x6o3. 469 

Thir nymphs were plantit in this place. 
As mony thoufands micht perfave, 
Quho for thair bewties and gud grace. 
Were chofin out amangft the lave : . 
Dianas nymphs thay may be namd, 
Be reflbun thay were undefamd. 

The circumftance cannot be told, 
So (Iraunge the mateir dois appeir— 1- 
Sum war cleid into claith of gold, 
And fum in filver fchininff cleir : 
Thair gowns gaif glanfing in the merk, 
Thay war fo rocht with goltfmith werk. 

Mair braver robs were never boclit 

Queue Semeramus til array, 

With brodrie werk thair bords were wrocl.t ; 

God, gif ,that thair gouns wes gay : 
With gubert weik wrocht wondrous fure,^ 
Purtild with gold and filver pure. 

This far I may thir nymphs advance. 
Not fpeking raflily by the richt, 
Thair goldin robes gave not fie glance, 
As did their hevinly bewties bricht ; 
Nor yit their jewels in fie greis, 
As did thair cumly criftall eis. 

Thair propeiteis for to repeit, 
My dull ingyne cannot difclofe ; 
Thair hair Ijke threids of gold did gleit, 
Thair faces fragrant and formofe : 
Qjihyte wes thair hyde thoch it wes hid, 
Thair coral lippis lyfee rofis rid. 

Sic parragons, but peir or maik, 

1 wait wes never fene before ; 

Na properteis thir nymphs did laik, 
Quhilk.mkht thair cumly t:orps decore : 





All gifts quhilk creatures can dame. 
Dame Nature in thair corps did frame. 

Thir nobill njrophis maid reverence, 
With gcftour lively and allairt ; 
And eftir thair obedience. 
Her Grace paffit to ane udder pairt : 
Qahair fche beheld fiim, to be fhort, 
Accoutiit in ane favadge fort. 

Into the fcrvjce of our Quein, 
Thay ofFerit thair maid willyng minds ; 
Thir are the M6irs of quhora I mene, 
Quha dois inhibit in the Yndes j 
Leifing thair land and dwelling place 
For to do honour to her Grace. 

Thair pfetious jowals till expreme, , 

And coiftly claitTiings to defcryve, 

My femple "tvit can nocht efteme : 

Agains the flreme quhy fuld Tftryve ? ^ 

Thocht I want langage, wit and lair^^ 

Sum thing thairof I fall dcclair. 

Thir favadges, I yow affiire, 
Wer weil decoird, as ye may knaw ; 
For fum war cled in filver pure. 
And fum in taffatie quhite as fnaw ;: 
Ay twa and twa in ordor (lands, 
With battons blank into thair handij. 

The piecious ffains can not be pend, 
With goldfmiths wark wes thame amang,' 
Thair bodies ikantly culd be kend. 
For cheins quhilk ouer thair flioulders hang t 
Gold bracelets on thair chakils hipgs, 
Thair fingers full of coftly rings. 

That ficht wes pleafant for to fe. 
And woundrotis nobill to behold ; 




JAMES VI. 1567—1603. 471 

-Thair heids wer garniflit gallandlie, 
With coftly crancis maid of gold \j 
3raid blancis hang above thair eis, 
"With jewels of all hiftories. 

JVpoun thair forebrows thay did beir 
Targats and tablits of trjm werkis ;, 
pendents and charkants fchyning cleir, 
'With plumages' of gitie fperkis : 
«Apoun thair hjndheads fee wes fyne, 
buttons and brotchis brave and fjne. 

JVnd mairatour I call to mynd, 
Xiow everie ane had on thair front, 
^ne carbuncle qf rubie kjnd, 
Togither with ane diamont ; 
^nd- doun thair haffats hang anew 
Of rubies red and faphirs blew. 

Into thair mouthis, as mjcht be fene, 
C^ha had bein tentif to behold, 
Ane emerault of coUour grene. 
Set in ane pre tie ryng of gold : 
Syne thair wes hung at thair hals-bane, 
The efpinell, ane pretious (lane. 

Apoun thair breift, bravefk of all. 
Were precious pearls of the eift, 
The rubie pallet and th'opall, 
Togither with the amatift : 
Thair micht ye fe, mangs monie mo. 
The topas and the percudo. 

Apoun thair richt pape, maift perfyte, 
Thair I faw fondrie ftanis fet ; 
The garnet and the agate quhite, 
"^ith monie mo quhilk I foryet. 
Befide thir twa did hing alone, 
.The turcas and the triapone. 


47 » 


Apoaiv the left war lykewift k&it, 
Twa proper llanis of vati^re hie j 
The jacynth and the cheiTolite, 
Jewels maift excellent to fie : 
Amangs the reft I faw athortj 
The rubie of the rareft fort. 

]Fornents thair navils everie on, 
Bure pretious jowels, brave and cjcir, 
The cornalene and calcedone, 
Ouhilk ot itfelf is quhite and cleir ; 
Thay bure the orphyr in their back, 
Bot and the onyx gray and black. 

All pretious* llanis mycht thair be fene, 
Quhilk in the warld had onic name, , 
Save that quhilk Cleopatra Quene, 
Did fwally owr into her wame 5 . 
The verritie for till expfefs, 
That wes nocht thair, I maun confef^* 

In Indea that goldin ground, 

Mair bravitie culd never be. 

The belts quhairwith thair w^ifts wer bound, 

Wer goldin cheins as ye micht fe : 

Alfo with cheins both in and out^ 

Thair arms wer wompjit round about, 

Lat nA man me-efteim to raiU, 
Nor thii]k that rafchlie 1 report ; 
Thair theis war lykewis garueill haill. 
With goldin cheynis of famous fort 5 
Thair girtins war of gold beftreik, 
Thair leggis wer thairwith funieifl eik. 

Fra top to tae I you aflure, 
Thair corps with gold wes birnift.bricht, 
Tt^y on thair feit quhite bufkins wure,. 
Of coiilv fivias both trim and titht : 


JA»iES VI. 1567— il 603, * 473 

:ell the truth and not to He, 
t ficht wes plefant for to fie« 

ine in ordor keipit place, 

well the foirmoft as the laft ; 

: moirs did mertch befoir her Grace; 

17II fche intill her pallace paft, 

• bettir bakkit nor ane laird) 

h burgcffii* to be thair guard. , ' » 

if forjet how in a robe, 
lenely crifpe, fjde to his kneis, 

bonie boj out of the globe, 
: to her Grace the filver keis : 

how that he his harang maid, 
h countenance that did nocht faid* 

I forjet how wesf deolaird, 
nobill Kyngis genjalogie. 
how the folkis quha wer in wairdy 
' freely fet at libertie : 
to be fchort, thay fpent that day 
iftime, daliance and deray. 

etting als the BuVges tryne, 
lOut defcriptioun of thair cafe, 
fpeiking of the rich propirte, 
ilk thay did gif unto hei^ Grace : 
how thay bure the vail abreid 
ilk hang abiive her Graces heid. 

I in mindy fuld nocht omit, 
intill ofdour, all refolve, 
vollume wald be woundrous grit, 
very tedious to revolve : 
ng the reft for to declair, 
> thair memors quho wer thair* 

burgiffis maift honorablic, 

an hir Grace did ftill attend, 

OL. in. Ooo to 


To tyme the haill folemiiitiey 
And trim triumphe wcs put to end: 
Sum fpecial men that wei implojd. 
Into her palace her convoyd. 

The number of thame that wer thair, 
I fall defcrivc thame as I can. 
My Lord I mcnc the Mai(\er Mair, 
The Proveft ane mtiill^prudent man : 
WUh the haill counfall of the to\it\. 
Ilk ane cled in a velvet goun. 

That company quha did tfpj. 
The mater wes m.igtfifically 
The>>thcr Burgiffis forby, 
Wer cled in thair pontificall : 
Prcfenting thame before her face, 
Offring thair fervice to her Graces 

Dout my dull fenfis dois defave, 
With mair magnificens I mene, 
Gif that the Perfrans did refave 
King Darius wyfe, that nobill Queene, 
Quhan fche did enter with renoune 
Ind Tipatra, that nobill toune. 

Edinburgh ! now will I fing 

Thy prais quhilk th^ pertains of rycht y 
Thow hes bene ay trew to thy King, 
In doing fervyce day and nycht, 
Quhan that his Grace did haif ado. 
And in the feilds ay foirmoft to. 

Not fparing for to fpend thair blude. 
Into thair breiftis thay bure luve I 

1 fay no moir : fo I conclude. 
But I befeik the God abuve, 
Gif that it be his godly will. 
That thy eftait may fluris Hill. 

Be honor I lev^ 



In 1616, yohn Bijhop of Winton (or Wincbefler) 
puhlijbed " The Works of the moft high and mightj- 
rrhice James/' containing bis Bafilicon Doron, Daemo- 
nologie^-Counterblail to Tobacco, &c. i»/, witb tbe ex^ 
ception oftwofonnets^ entirely omits bis poetical compofi-- 
tionsy altbo* certainly of at leajl equal merit. Tbey made 
tbeir appearance in two feparate publications ,• tbe Jirji 
andmojl confiderable in 1584, wben tbe autbor was ono' 
ly eighteen years of age, under tbe modejl title of Ef- 
fay3,of a Prentife in the divine art of Poefie ; tbe otber 
in 1591, entitled His Majefties Poetical Exercifes at 
vacant houres. By far tbe mojl curious article of tbe 
ijubole, is a poem in tbe fir/l colleHion^ called the Phoe- 
nix. Under tbe Jimilitude of tbat fabulous bird^ if I 
mijiake not^ tbe autbor attempts to exbibit a Jketcb of 
the matcblefs beauty and fufferings of his unfortunate 
mother , whom be reprefents as dead ; hut performs his 
tajk witb fo much caution, and with fucb a timid trem-" 
bltng band, that one can fcarcely recognife the refem-^ 
blance, ^be poem is introduced witb tbe following A^ 
croflich on his favourite- and near kinfman Efme Stew- 
art, Huhe of Lennox, hy way of Invocation. 




iLhT Echo ! Help ; that both together we» 
Since caufe tbair bip» may now lament with teari^ 
My murnefttU yearis* Ye furies, als ! with him 
Even Philo gtim^ who dwells in dark, that be - 
Since cheif we fee him to jroa all that bearia 
The ftjle n^a fearis of Dine : I requeft 
Eiche grei^^lie gheft, that dwells beneth the fe. 
With all you three^ quhais hairis ar faaiks full bkufi 
And all your cr^w ! afUft xne in thic twa^ 
Repeit and fba my X^^g^io full neir, „ 
llie chance fell heir. Th^ fecoundlie is beft^ 
Devils void of reft, ye move all that it iieid 
With me indeld, lyl^e 4olp\ir thame to greif. 
I then will live, in leifer greif tberebi* 
Kythe heir and trie» your force ay bent and quick> 
Excell in iiklyke ill^ and murne with me. 

From Delphos fjne, Apollo ! cum with fpcid> 
Whofe fhining licht my cairs will, dim indeidi 




1 HE djvers falls that Fortune gevis to men 
By turning ou^r her quheill to their annoy. 
When Ido heare them grudge, although they ken 
That old hlind Dame, delytes to let the joy 
Of all, fAch is her ufe, which dois convoy 
Her quheill by gefai : not looking to the right, 
Bot ftill turnis up that pairt quhilk is too light. 

Thus quhen I hard fo many did complaine. 
Some for the lofs of worldly wealth and geir. 
Some death of ftends, quho cannot come againe ; 
Some loffe of health, which unto all is deir ; 
Some loffe of fame, which ftill with it dois beir 
Ane greif to them who mereits it indeid : 
Yet for all thir appearis there fome remeid. 


For as to geir, lyke chance as made you want it, 

Reftore you may the fame againe or mair. 

For death of frepds, although the fame (I grant it) 

Can noght returne, yet men are not fo rair 

Bot ye may get the lyke. For feiknes fair 

Your health may come : or to ane better place 

Ye mufl. For fame, good deids will mend difgrace. 

Then, fra I faw (as I already told) 

How men complaind for things whilk might amend ; 

How David Lbidfay did complaine of old 

His Pap'mgo, her death and fudden end, 

Ane common foule, whofe kinde be all is kend. 




All thefe hes moved me prefently to tell 
Ane Tragedie, in griefs thir to excell. 

For I complaine not of fie common cace. 

Which divcrfjj by diyers mcan3 dois fall : 

But I lament mj Phoenix rare, whofe race, 

Whofe kynde, whofe kin, whofe oiFspring they be ^l 

In her alone, whom 1 the Phoenix call : 

That fowle which one at onis did live, 

Not lives, alas ! though I her praife revive. 

In Arable cald Faelix was fhe bredd 

This fowle, excelling Iris far in hew. 

Whofe body whole with purpour was pwercleddj 

Whofe taill of coulour was celeftall blew. 

With fkarjat pennis ^hat through it grew : 

Her craig was li(ce the yallowe burniftit gold. 

And fhe herfelf thre hundreth yeare was old. 

She might have lived as Ipng againe and mair^ 
If Fortune had not flayde Dame Nature's will : 
Six hundreth yeares and fourtie was her fcair, 
Which Nature ordained her for to fulfill. 
Her native foile (he hanted ever ftill. 
Except to Eg^pt whiles fhe tpoke her courfe. 
Wherethrough great NiP-lus down runs froiQ his fourfe. 

Like as an hors, when he is bard^d haile^ 
An fathered pannach fet upon his heid. 
Will make him feame more brave : or to aflail^ 
The enemie, he that the trpupis doi§ leid, 
Ane pannache on his heal me will fet in deid : 
Even fo had Nature to decore her face, 
Given her ane tap, for to augment her grace,. 

In quantitie fhe dois lefemble neare 
Unto the foule of mightie Jove, by name 
The Aegle calld : oft in the tlqnie of yeare 
She ufde to foir, and file through divers rcalme, . 


JAMES vr. 1567 — 1603; 4^9 

Oat through the azure ikyes, while (he did ftianie 
The Sunne himfelf, her coulour was fo bright 
Till he ab^fliit, beholding fuch a light. 

Thu3 while {he ufde to fcum the ikyes about. 
At laft flie chanced to fore out ower the fee 
Calld Mare Rub rum : yet her courfe held out 
While that flie paft whole Afie. Syne to flee 
To Europe fmall flie did refolve. To drie 
Her voyage out, at laft flie canne in end 
Into this land, ane fl:ranger heir unkend. 

Ilk man did marvell at her forme moft rare. 

The winter came, and ftorms cJed all the feild : 

Which ftorms the land of fruit and corne made bare, 

Then did flie flie into ane houfe for beild, 

Which from the ftormis might fave her as ane flieild. 

There, in that houfe, flie firft began to tame, 

I cam, fyoe toofce her furth out of the fame. 

Fra her I gat, yet none could gefs what fort 
Of fowle file was, nor from what countrey cum : 
Nor I my felf : except that be her port. 
And gliftring hewes I knew that flie was fum 
Rare ftranger fowle, which oft had ufde to fcum 
Through divers lands, delyting in her flight ; 
Which made us fee fo ftrange ari3 rare a fight. 

While at the laft, I chanced to call to minde 
How th« her nature did refetnble neir ' 
To that of Phoenix which I redd. Her kinde,^ 
Her hewe, her fliape, did mak it plaine appeir 
She was the fame, which now was lighted heir. 
This made me to eflreme of her the more. 
Her name and rar^nes did her fo decore. 

Thus being tamed, and throughly weill acquent, 
She toke delyte (as flie was wount before )^ 
What time that Titan with his beames upfprent 


To take her flight, ainongs the flcjes to foire. 
Then came to her of fowUis, a woundrous ftore 
Of divers kjnds, fome fimple fowlis, fome ill 
And ravening fowlis, whilks finaple ones did kill- 

And even as thay do fwarme about thair king. 
The hunnie bees that works into the hyve 
Quhen he deljtes furth of the ikeppis to fpring, 
Then all the laive will follow him belyve, 
Sjne to be next him bi£elie thay ftryve : 
So all thir fowUis did follow her with heir. 
For love of her, fowlis ravening did no deir. 

Sic was the luve, and reverence thej her bure 
Ilk da J quhill even, aj quhill thaj fched at night, 
Fra timei it darkned, I was ever fare 
Of her returne, remaining quhill the light, 
And Phoebus ryfing with his garland bright. 
Sic was her trueth fra time that fhe was. tame. 
She quho in brightnefs Titan's felf did fchame ! 

By ufe of this, and banting it at laft. 

She made the fowlis fra time that I went out, 

Above my head to flie, and follow faft 

Her, quho was cheif and leidar of the rout. 

Qahen it grew lait, flie made them flie, but dout/ 

Or fear, even in the clofie with her of will. 

Syne Ihe herfelf pei kt in my chalmer Hill. 

Quhen as the countreys romid about did heare 
Of this her byding in this countrey cold, 
Quhilk hocht but hillis, and darkncs ay dois beare 
(And for this caufe was Scotia calld of old) 
Her lyking heir, quhen it was to them told. 
And how fcho greind not to ga back agaiue. 
The love thay bure her turnit into difdaine, 

Lo ! here the fruifls, quhilks of invy dois breid', 
To liarme them all, quha vertew dois imbrace. 


James vr^ 1567—1603. 481 

Lo ! here the fruifts, from her quhilks dois proceid, 
To harme them all, that be in better cace 
Than others be. So followit thaj the trace 
Of proud Invfy thir countreis lying neir, 
That fie ane fowle fuld Ijke to tary heir. 

Quhill Fortoun at the laft, not onlie moved 
Invj to thi$j> quhilk culd not her content, 
Quhill- that Invy did feafe fomie foulis that loved 
Her anis as femit : but yit thair ill intent 
Kythit, quhan thay faw all uther foulis ftill bent 
To follow her, miiknowing thera at all. 
This made them worke her undeferved fall. 

This were the ravening fowlis of quhome I fpak, 
Befor6 the quhilks (as t already fchew) 
Was wount into her prefence to hald bak 
Thair crueltie, from fimple ones that flew 
With her, ay qilhill Invy all fear withdrew. 
Thir war the ravin, the ftaincheU and the gled. 
With uther kyndis quhome in this malice bred. 

' Fra malice thus was rooted by Invy 
In them as fone the awin effedts did fhaw ; 
Quhilk made them fyne, upon ane day to fpy 
And wait till that, as flie was wount, flie flaw 
Athort the ikyes, fyne did thay neir her draw 
Among the uther fowlis of dy vers kyndis, 
Althouch thay war far diflbnant in myndis. 

For quhairas thay war wount her to obey, 
Thair mynd far contrail then did plaine appetr. 
For thay maid her as ane commoun prey 
To them of quhome flie lookit for na deir.- 
Thay ftrak at her fa bitterlie quhill feir 
Stayde uther fowlis to preis for to defend her 
From'thir ingrate, quhilks now had clene miflcend hen 
Vol. in. P P P ^ Quhen 



Quhen fl^ cvild fiod nape uther faif refiige 
From thefe thair bjuer ftraifcs, flie fle4 at Uft 
To me, ^as if {he wold wifl^ 10? to jodg^ 
The wrong thay 4jd her,) yit ^h^y fpllowit fafti 
Till ibe betwix my leggis her felf did caft ; 
For faving her from thefe, quhich her oppreft, 
Quhais hote purfute her fuffrit not to reft. 

Bot yet at all that fcrv'd not for remeid. 
For nochttheles thay fpair'd her not a ha.ire.. 
In ftede of her, yea quhyles thsvy made to bleid 
^7 ^^&gs ; (fo grew thair malice npi^k ?l\A mair ;)• 
Quhilk made hei; haith to rage and to difpair, 
Firft that, but caufe, thay did her fie dilhort : 
Nixt that (he laiked help rn any fort. 

Then having ta^ne ane dry and withered ftrae. 

In deip defpair, aqd in ane lofty rage, 

She fprang up heigh, putflein^ every fae : 

Syne to Pancha^a came, to change her age 

Upon Apollo's altar, to aflwage 

With outward fyre her inwart raging yre : 

Quhilk then was all her cheif and haill defyre. 

Then being dairfull the event to knaw 

Of her quha hamewart had returnd agaih^ 

Quhair flie was bred, quhaii ftormis dois never blaw. 

Nor bitter blaftis, nor winter fnaws nor raine, 

Bot fommer ftill ; that countray doeth fo ftaine 

All realmes in fairneSvi There in ftafte I fent^ 

Of her to knaw the yflfew andevenr. 

The meffinger went thair into fie hafte 

As culd permit the farrnes of the way,^^ 

By cro{}ing ower fo monie countreys wafte 

Or he come thair. Syne vvrith a lytle ftay 

Into that land, drew hamewart every day : 

In his returne, lyke diligence he Ihew 

As in his going thair^ thr^w realmes anew. 

' . Fra- 

JAMES Vli 1567—1603, 483 

-F.ra he returhit, then fone ^vithbut ddiy 
J fpeirit at him (the certain way to try) 
Quhat word of Phoenix quhilk was flowen aw Ay ? 
And gif throw all the lands he cnld her fpy, 
Quhairthtow he went, I bad him not deny. 
But tell the tructh, — to wit it was my will. 

He told the then ho^^ fhe flew bak againe^ 
Q^hairfrst flie eame^ and als he did f eceit 
How in Panchaia toun flie did remdne 
On Phcebus altar, thair for to compleit 
With Thus and Myrrh and other odours fwek 
Of flours of dy vers kyndes, and of incens 
Her nefl: — ^With that he left me in fufpens : 

Till that I chargit him no way is for to f|)air, 

Bot prefently to tell the out the reft. 

He tauld me than, how Titan's garland thair 

Inflamde be heate, reflexiiig on her neft 

The withered ftra, Quhilk quhen (he was bpprcft 

Here be yon fowlis, flie buir ay quhill flie came 

There, fyn^ abuve her neft fhe laid the fame. 

And fyne he told how fee had fie defyre 
To burne her felf, as flie fat dbune thairtn. * 
Syne how the funne the withered ftra did fy^^y 
Quhilk brunt her neft, her fethers, bones and fkln 
All tumd in afli : Quhais end dois now begin 
My waes : hef death thaks lyfe to greif in me. 
She, q^hom I rew my eyes did ever fee. 

O deyillis of darknes ! contrair unto licht ! 
In Phoebus. fowle, how culd ye get fie place, 
Since ye are hated ay be Phoebus bricht ? 
For ftill is fene, his licht dois daiknes chace. 
But yet ye went uiito that fowle, quhais grace 
As Phoebus fowle yet ward the funne him fell. 
Her licht his ftaind, quhome in all licht doi^; dwell. 

. . And 


And thow, O Phoenix ! quhj was thow fo moved 

Thow fowle of licht ! by enemies to thee 

For to forjet thy heavinly hewes, whilkis loved 

Were baith bj men and fowlis that did them fee ? 

And fyne i^ hewe of aihe that thaj fold be 

Converted all : and that thy gudely {hape 

In Chaos fould turn, and nocht the fyre efcape ? 

And thow, O reuthles death ! quhy fould thow devore 

Her ? quho not only pafled by all mens mynde 

All uther fowlis in hewe and fliape, but more 

In rarenes (fen thair was nane of her kynde 

Bot {he alone) whome with thy ftounds thow pyndc : 

And at the laft, hath perced her throw the hart, 

But reuth or petie, with thy mortall dart. 

Yet worft of all, fhe lived not half her age. 

Quhy ftayde thow Tyme at leaft, quhilk all dois teare 

To work with her ? O quhat a cruell rage 

To cut her ofF, before her thread did weare ! 

l^hairin all planets keep thair courfe, that yeare 

It was not be the half yet worne away 

Quhilk fuld with her have ended on a day ! 

Then fra thir newis, in forrows foped haill, * 

Hfid made us both a while to hald our peacie. 

Then he began and Caid, Pairt of my taill 

Is yet untolde, Lo, here one of her race, 

Ane worme bred of her aflie : Though Ihe, alace I 

Said he, be brunt, this lacks but plhm^s and breath 

To be lyke her, new gendied by her deajh. 

L' Envot. 

Apollo thtn ! quho brunt with thy reflex 
Thine only fowle, through love that thow her bure j 
Although thy fowle (quhais name doeth end in X) 
Thy burning heat on nowayes could indure. 


JAMES VI, 1367 — 1603. 485 

But brunt thairby : Yet will 1 thee procure, 
Late fae to Phoenix, now her friend to be : 
Reviving her bj that quhilk made her die. 

Draw far from here, mount heigh up throw the air. 

To gar thj heat and beames be law and neir. 

That in this countrej, quhilk is cald and bair. 

Thy gliftring beamis als ardent may appeir 

As thay i|vere oft in Arable : fo heir 

Let theffi be now, to mak ane Phoenix new 

Even of this worme of Phoenix afhe quhilk grew. 

This gif thow dois, as fure I hope thow fhal). 
My Tragedie a comike end will have : 
Thy work thow hath begun, to end it all : 
Els made ane worme, to make herout the lave. 
This Epitaphe, then beis on Phoenix grave ; 

Here Ijeth whome to, even be her death and end, 

Apollo h^th a longer lyfe her fend. 

The meaning of the laft 6ve lines fecms to be,— .Thou, Apollo, ha 
bej^un to form a new Phanix : I pray thee to complcat thy woik :— 
Thou haft already produce^ a worm from the afbesoi the frrracr : Let 
;rliis worme undergo a perfcift transformation : Then this Epitaph (hall 
be engraved on my Mother's tomb : ** Here lies one ivho enjoys iifimorta*^ 
lily even by her tragic death** 

Sylvcilcr, in a dedicatory fonnet addreffed to James Stuart, (^ina^ 
grammatifcd A just master,) tells him that "he lecmi cf Fhanlx race ;** 
and in another, 

From fpicic afhes of the facr..d urne, , 
A new true Fhirnlx iivelv flour'.lhcih. 



By the Same, 

Ca/af^is an cur/us vejlr^e /entire putatis 
Damnum pqffi fuga ! Velutiji cunifa mlnentur 
flumina^ quos mifcent pelago^ fuhducere fontes ; 
Non magis ablatis unquam decreverit aquor^ 
^uam nunc crefcit aquis. An vos momenta putatk 
Ulla dedijfe mihi ? 

If all the fludes ^tnangis thame wald concladfs 
To ftay thair courfe fra rynning in the fee : 
And by that meins wald think for to delude 
The Ocean, quha fuld impairit be, 
As/thay fuppofde, beleving if that he 
rDid lak thair fludes, he fuld decrefs him fell : 
Yet if we like the veritle to wie, 
It pairs him na thing : as I fall yow tell. 

For out of him thay ar augmentit all. 

And maift pairt creat, as ye fall perfave ; 

For quhen the funne doth fouk the vapours fmall 

Furth of the feas, quhilks thame conteine and have 

Ane part in winde, in wete and raine the lave 

He lender dois : quhilk doth augment thair ftrandis. 

Of Neptunes woll a coate fyne they him weave. 

By hurling to him faft out ower the landis. 

Quhep all is done do to him quhat thay can, 
Nane can perfave that thay do fwell him mair. 
I put the cafe then that thay never ran : 
Yet nocht the lefs, that culd him no ways pair : 

. , . Quhat 

JAMES, VX# 1567 — 1603. 48/ 

Quhat neids he then to count it, or to cair, 
Except thair folies wald the mair be fchawin ? 
Sen though thay ftay, it harmis nocht ane hair 
C^hat gain thaythochthay had thair courfe withdrawia ? 

So even fik lykc : Thouch fubjeflis do conjure 
For to rebell againft thair prince and king : 
By leading him althoch thay hope to fmpre 
That grace quhairwith God maks him for to ring ; 
Though by his giftis he fhaw himfelf bening 
To help thair neid, and mak them thairby gain : 
Yet lak of thame no harme to him doth bring 
Quhan thay to reiwe thair folic fall be faine. 

L' Envoy. 

Then fludes runtle on your wounted courfe of olde 

Quhilk God by nature dewly hes provydit : 

For though ye flay, as I before have tolde. 

And caft in dout quhilk God hath els decydit 

To be colijoynde, by you to be devydit. 

To kythe your fpite, and do the depe na ikaith, 

Far better were in others ilk confydit j 

Ye floodes, thow d«pe, quhilk are your dewties baith. 

This posm, written perhaps in T583, (hews how early James began 
to difregard the dodtrines of Buchanan / and to entertain extravagant 
notions of the regal ftate and power. 


Bjf the Same. 

J\s I was panung in a morning, aire, 
And could not fleip, nor nawayis take me reft, 
Furth for to walk, the morning was fa fair, 
Athort the feildis, it feraed to me the beft. 
The call was cleare, quhairby bdjve I gell 
That fyrie Titan camming was in fight, 
Obfcuring -chad Diana by his light. 

Who by his ryfing in the azure Ikycs 
Did dewlie helfe all thame on earth do dwell. 
The balmie dew throw burning drouth he dryis,^ 
Quhilk made the foil to favour fweif, and fmell 
By dewe that on the nicht before down fell, 
Quhilk then was foukit by the Delphienns heit 
Up in. the air : it was fa licht and Weit. 

Quhais hie afcending in his purpour fphere 

Provoked all from Morpheus to. flee i 

As beifts to feld, and birds to fing wMth beir, 

Men to th-air labour, biffie as the bee : 

Yet ydle men devyfing did I fee. 

How for to dryve the lyme that did them irk. 

By findrie pailymes, quhill that it grew mirk. 

Then woundred I to fee them feik a wyle 
Sa wnllinglie the precious tyme to tyne : 
And how thay did them felfs far fo begyle, 
To faflie of tyme, quhilk of itfelf is fyne. 
Fra tyme be pafl, to call it bekwart fyne 


jAUts w. • I j€ 7—1^03. 4S9 

1^ bot in vaine ; thexefoir xaen fboU be warr 
To fleuth the tyme that flees fra them fo farr. 

For quhat hath man bot tjxne into this lyfc, 

Quhilk gives him dayis his God aright to knaw i 

Quhairfore than fiild we be at fik a ftryfe 

So fpedelie our felQs for to withdraw 

Even from the tjme, quhilk is no wajis flaw 

To flie froih us, fuppois we fled it nocht ? 

Mair wyfe we war, if we the tyme had focht. 

Bot fen that tyme is fie a precious thing, 

I wald we fould beftow it into that 

Quhilk were maift plefour to our heavenly King,, 

Flee ydilteth, quhilk is the greatell lat. , 

Bot fen that death to all is dcftinat. 

Let us employ that tyme that God hath fend us^ 

In doing weiU, that gude men may commend us. 

coNCLUBiKG SONNET. By the Same. 

jL he facound Greke, Demofthenes by name^ 
His toung was ones into his youth fo flow, 
^s evin that airt, quhilk floorifli made his fame. 
He fcarce culd name it for a tyme, yeinow. 
So of fmall feidis the Liban cedres grow : > 
So of ane egg the egle doeth proceid : 
From fountains fmall greit Nilus flude doith flow 
Even fo of rawnis do michty fifches brcid. 
Thairfore, gude reider, quhen as thow dois reid 
Thefe my^firft fcuiftis, difpute them not at all : 
Quho watts bot thefe may able be indeid 
Of fyner poemis the beginning fmall* 

Then rather loaue my meaning and my panis 

' "J^han lak my dull ingyne and blunted branis. 
Vol. HI. Q^q q The 






cmpVfCLV or KQTTIfB fOXfUT. 



The remainifif coolentt of thde two nnral irolnmet ire UrtaU, or 
0ie HmnnUy Jitu/i^ m trtnflatioa from the *Ftesch of Da Sarus, (aboot 
400linek) ' * 

TitFmrus^ alfo traoQited ff^Btn Dp Btrtai, being « b vive mirror of 
this laft and moft dedeeped age^ (aboot Z500 Knet 10 genaioe Stcnw 
nolduui manoer.) 

Th* Lifmrnh, a deferi|>tien of the laipont hsf^ fo named; (aboot 
zooo linet in the ipme meaiJiire,} 'written, at the au^ior iays, in bn 
'* nmitymtmg and cen4er ycaret,*' and ▼enly none wiU donlK h» afllBr> 

A tranflation of the Z04th Plahn ; vaKoo^ fimneti, &d 

MrwUt md CmUTu 9f Stmh Fvefit. 

*tYaM lift h^Tingt toore than once, been |»ronODnccd smriiiUf the fol- 
lowmg dmad will enable the reader to judge (or himfelf. 

V ,c » 

** Toiching the Ityndef of verfit 4|ohllM are npt ciitdt or ]>rokeo, bot a« 
lyke fltaoy feic in everie lyae of the verfe, and how tha/ are com* 
mooly namit, with my opioioon for qaltttTiib|b6U9 iike 
kynde of thir verfe it mettefr tobe nfid 


Firft, there is jrymt ^ohiUc fcrrit opdy for U^g hiftoreis,. «nd jit ir( 
DOchtTerfe. As for exemplc,^ ^ ' '''*' 

Id Maij when that the bliflefoUPhsboabnchr, \ 

Tlie lamp of joy* the feea^i^t getn of lic^^; j ' , ? - -. 

The goldio cairt, apd the etheriall King, 

With purpour face In orient dois fpring^ 

Maift angellyke afcen4ing in hia-fpheres 

And birds with all thatr hoaTcnlie iroceo cleare . 

Dots mak a fweit and heavinly harmony, 

Aod fragrant flowrs dofs fpring up lufteiy : 

Into thia feafon fweiteft of delyte, c . 

To walk I had a lafty appetjte, , ^c 

For the defcription of Heroique Adtia, Martiall and knichtlj fkittit of 
armes, nfe thia kynde of verfc fbllowand, caMit HUroUall^ aa 

Meik mundane mirrour, mfrrie aod modfii^ 

Blyth, kynde and courtca, comelie, clene and chefl, 

To all ejeinplc for thy boneftie 

As richeR rofe, or ruble, by the reft, 

With gracia grave, 4pd geftnre maid digeft. 

Ay to thy honour alwayia having eye. 

Were faiTona fiiemde, they michc be found in the « 

Of blcflings all, be blyth, thow has the beil, 

With ercric bertoc belovit for to be. 

tfAites fi. 1J67— 1603, 4^i 

For ODie heich and gnrte felijeStti fpedatty drawin out of leatrait taf 
oris, u(e this kfnde of verie following, ciUit BaUai Royal^ at 

That nlchi he cetft, and went to bed, hoc f reind 

Yic fail for day, and diodit the nkhi to lan^ : 

Ac tad Diana doon Ker head recleiiid 

lotothe, iie^ Then Loafer «p,4rang 

Aurora's pod, whdnit Icho did fend aoung 

The jeiccie clodds, for to fortell ane hoor 

Before 1^0 (Uy her tears, quhiUce Oride fan^ 

FeUfo^Jb^rlove^quhiBtcdrnit in i£ floor. 
For tragical mat^,^ comj^ainti, or teftamedtit, ofe thiil kyi^de of 
arfc follo#i^g, callic TroUut ^tcrfi^ 

7*0 the^, Jk^ \ ^d cb^ to in# igsni^ 

in the defert, amangt the wodf and wells 

Q^hair deOinie hes boiindtheni to renuo'e, 

^u^ covpanf , withiif the firths and feUs, 

Let us compfein with wbfiilf yootts stnd yeKs 

Of ihaft^ ahd ()ioUer, thaf our harts het flane i 

To th^, Echo ! and thew to mc agane. 
(See this poem CQnipl«aC,p. 49d) 

For fly ting, or invedives, ofe this Icynde of terfe following^ callit 
\duHcefotliSfQT ^umUing vnfi. 

In the hinder end of harVift, o& Alt*halIow-e*ne, &c. 
(See the Fiytiog of Montgomery and Polwart, p. 39'4.) 
For compendious prsiyfin^ of any-bukes, or the authoris thairbf,' o^ 
riy argumemitf of hiibreifi' ufc Smii Verft^ of fourtene lyois, aoid tttt 
:ce in every line, as, 

Ane rype iogf ne^ atid ^ick and walkned wit. 

With fommair reafoM, foddenlie applyh ; 

For every porpofe ufing reafotts fit, 

\Vith fltUfulnes, Habere karniDJg may be fpyif» 

With pithie wordis, for to etprcb yow bf it 

His full intension in bis proper leid, 

The puritic qubairbf, Weiil hts he tryic : 

With memorie to keip ^hat he dois reid 

With ficilfulpes and flguris ^nhitks proccid 

l^rom Rhecori^e with everlaftiiig feme, 

With utherswoondriog-^preafling with all fpeid 

j^or to atteine ttt merice iic a taxnt* 
. All thtr into the perfyte Poete be. 

^ddis ! Grsnt I may obteint die lairi^l-tfee. 
Ai diatcrts of love, ufe this kynde of verfe, quhilk #e call CmunMin 
f#^, aa 

Qubais acfwer made thame nochc fa glaid 

That they fuld thus the vidors be. 

As even the anfwer qohilk I haid 

Did greatly joy and cvfilbrt x&c 3 




Quhen lo ! thit fpik ApoUo mpic. 
All that thow feiki», it fall be thyne ! 
Cyke Terfe of teh fete, 9% this foirfaid is of aocht, je may nfelyk^ 
wayis in love materis; as alfo all kyodts of cuttit and broken verfe, 
quhairof newe formet are dajlie infcnttt according to the Poctit pfei* 
four) a« 

Quha wald have tyrde to heir that tone, 
Quhilk birds corrobor^t Ay abonr, 
Throw fchoQtiog of the Larkis ? 
Thay fprang fa heich imo the akyif, . 
Quhiil Cupid waUuiis with the cry ia 

Of Nature's chapell clarkif. 
Then leaving all the Heaviot abovcr 

He lichtit on the cat4. 
Lo ! how chat lytill God of love 

Before me then appeard 
8a myld-lyke-s^And chyld-lykc 

With bow thiK quartcrvskaot 
Sa moylie, and coylie. 

He lukit lyke abe Sant. — {Cberrie end SUu,) 
And £1 furth." 

James VI. alfo tranflated into Engliffi metre a coofiderable Dambei',. 
if not the whole, of (hoCe Pfafani whieh are commooly bbiuid ap with 
the Scottifh Book of Common Prayer. 

Prefised to Tbt Furiet are the following verfes by M. W. Fonlef) 
who about this time compofed a vatiety of occafional Sonnets, and alfo 
tranflated fome of tfaofe of Petrarch. 

Where (hall the limita lye of all yovr fame f 

Where (ball the bordera be of your renowne ? 

In Eaft ? or where the Sunne again goeth down ? 

Or (hall the filed' Pbles impale the fame f 

Where (hall the pillars which your praife proclame*' . 

Or trophies (land, of that expe^ed crowne ? 

The Monarch firft of that triumphant towne 

Revives in you, by yon rencwea his name. 

For that which he performed in battels bold, . 

To us his books with wonders deth unfold. 

So we of you far more coilceave in mindey 

As by your verfe we plaineUe, Sir, may (ee 

You (hall the writer and the worker be 

Bor to abfolve that C»far left behind. 



j^AM|:s vi. 1567 — 1603. 493 

Jtiaving heen favoured^ Jlnce the preceding Jheets were 
printed offy with a Jight of a large MS. coUe&lon of 
tinpuhlijhed poems h'y Captain Alexander Montgome- 
ry, author of the Cherry and Slae, // is not yet too' 
late to infert fuch of them as appear worthy of pre- 
fervation. The- following feems to allude to his Rofal 
Majler^s Poem of TwE PhojENjx. 


Jl\s bright Apollo ftaineth every ftar 

With golden ray is when he begins to ryfe, 

Quhais glorious glance yit ftoutly Ikaillis theiliyb, 

Quhen with a wink we wonder quhair they war, 

Befor his face for feir they faid fo far, - 

And vanifhes away in fuch a Wayis, 

That in thair Ipheirs thay dar not intcrpryfe 

For to appeir lyk planeits as they ar. 

Or as THE PHOENIX with hir fedrum fair 

[Excels all-foulis in diver fe hevinly heuis, 

Quhais natur contrair natur fo reneuis, 

As onlie^ but companione or compair : 

So, quinteflenft of Kings ! quhen thou compyle>' 

iThou ftanis my verfis with thy ftaitly ftyle. 

To HIS MAJESTIE. Front the fame ^S. 

lijcHiR, clenge your cuntrie of thir cruell crytnis, 

Adultries, witchcraftis, incefts, fakeles bluid ; 

Delay not, bot as David did, betymes 

Your company of fuch men foon fecluid. 

Out with the wicked y — garde ye with the gudc ; 


494 tmo^ioLE or scoritsu tatrKt: 

Of mercy tnd of judgment fegr to fiog. 
Quhen ye filld ftryk^ I wald jt tmderftttde ; 
Quhen ye fold fjpair^ I wifli ye war benidg, 
Chufe godly coodHbU ; kiin to be a King. 
Beir not thtr barthens longer on your bak;^ 
Jump not with juftiee for no kind of thing ^ 
To jufl complautis gar gude atttendance tak ^ 
Thir bluidy farks cry is ahl^yis in yowr eirisy 
Prevent the plague that prefentlie a{^ici5J - 

to MT LADY SEYTOw, \^formerly LadY Margar]B# 
MoNTGOiviEUY.} Frini the Jdmt MS/ 

\J kATTY ftai" at evening and at ifcorrie, 

Quhais bright afpeS my maiftires firfi iixtfbrne ^ 

O happy credle, and O hftipj)y Haini 

Quhich rockit her tlie hour ^hat fcto wes t^orne. ' 

O happy pape, ye tather ne'ftar hofiie, 

r irft gaif her fuck, in filvef* fiiedling baM. 

O happy womb'c co'nfafit had beforne 

So trewe a beutie, honoiir of this linif. 

O happy bounds', quhair dayty yet fcho duells; 

Quhich Inde and Egypt'^s hapynes 6xcells. 

O happy bed quhairih f6h6 fall be laid. 

O happy babe in belly fcho fall breid ; ' 

Bot happier he that hes that hap indeid 

To mafc both wyfe and mother of that maidv 


TO THE FOR ME. jtrom the fame MS". 

OUETE nichtingale ! in holene' grene that hant'sy 
To fport thy felf» and fpcciall in the fpring ; 
Thy chlvring chirles whilks changinglie thoacfcanta, 



JAME& VI. Z567— 1$03* 495 

Maks all the roches round about th6 ring, 
Whilk flaiks my forow fo to heir th6 fing. 
And lights my loving langour at the leift ; 
Yit thoght thou fcis not, fiUie fail^les thing J 
The peircing pykis brod at thy bony brcill. 
Even fo ani I by pkfuir lykwyis preift, 
In gritcft danger quhair 1 moft delyte. 
3ot fince |hy fong. for ih(»-ing. hes not ceift, 
Sould feble L for feir my conqueis quyt ? 
^a, na — I love th6, frcflieft Phoeniif ffLir, 
In beuty, birth^ in bounty but compair, 

,. Love lent me wings of hope and high defyre, 
j^yn bad me flie, and feir not for ane fall. 
fit tedious travell tyftit me to tyre, 
Quhyll curage come and could me couart call, 
f* As Icarus virith wanton waxit wings, 
Ayme at the only j^ per fe of all ;*' 
Quhilk ftains th^ fun, that facred thing of things, 
And fpurris my fpreit, that to the hevins it fprings, 
i^uyte ravilht throw the region of the air, 
iQuhair yit mj hairt in hoping hazard brings. 
At poynt to fpeid, or quickly to defpair. 
Tet fhrink not, hairt ! as fimple as thou femes. 
If thou be brunt, it is with beuties hemes. 

Go, pen and paper ! ptibliCi my complantifl, 
Waill weghtie words, becaus ye cannot weep ; 
For pitthie poemis prettilie out-paintis 
My fecreit lighis as forowis gritcft heep. 
Bred in my breift, — ^yea rather dungeon A-QQ"^^ 
_ As prifoners perpetuallie in pane, 
.Quhilk hes the credit of my hairt to keep, 
In martyrdomc, but mercy to remane. 
Anatomeze my privie paffions plane, 
*rhat fcho my fcnart by fympallnc mny Ge 


49** c?HRONririP'(jr96«ritfH^*ft4iiT. 

If thaj defer tl?^ |8P ^6m ^^BSif^^KX' ^^ ^ ^^ 
Qahilk if thxy d6%ti*P«(yt Y(/«c^^ • oibZ ,^^T 
Go, Sonat, foon |Botem^9iT M» i ^ <(^)^fiiJbQ dlhb -^/fT 
Rcdeme yQurnanjnfi^ftawtfmJjIit^^^irr p^rfooi sffj 

L o the. Echo J and thou to me 5L2:anc. ^ . . « 
In the deferts ^flionffithe.wodsland weflg^ ^, . „ 

.,. ... .... >-^'^^ ...» ,-.«ri; Ton -KOft^ fliofftrp 

Let us complem with woiuU vcuitsand yjeli^ft , „ 

Oi matt, and Ihotter, that our. harts nes llane ; » -, 

lo the, iLcho I aud^Chpw to mc affaine. , -, ' r. 

Ihow tholis but cau^^ 1 futterinnocent-; ^ 

I how does bewaill, and J do ItilVTament ; 

Thow murnis for nodit, 1 med^ny* tears fa^t^S^? ^ 
To the, Jl.cho: and thow to me agane. , 

Thow pleins, Narciflus, T my love alfo ; 

He did tk^ hurt, burr fe^i^tftjftlitter^^^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

.He flcifro^tlie, rriyn'e^irtfl^"ftfe^tai'«^,^^ h^-i:kMiV^ 
Without ofe'nce,iWcruMr'if6t'Aiy^«'^^^ J^^'iV 

Thow hyds thyfelf, 1 lift not to be fen^e J ^ 

Thow baneift ait, and I am in exyle ; 
By Juno thow, and I by ^f ni»s Quene ; j vj .^ ^ 
Thy love wes fals, and myn did me begyle \ 
Thow hoped once, fo wes I fflaid a quhyle; 


Vet loft our tjme in love, I will not lane ; 
To ihS, Ecluj ! and thow to me agane. 

Thy elrifli flrirlis do pfenetrat tie roks^ 
The roches rings^ and renders me my cryis ; 
Oar faikles plaints to pitie thame provoks^ 
Quhill they compell oar fotmd^ to peirce the ikyis/ 
All thing hot love to plefnr us applyis, 
Qubais ^nd, dace ! I fay is hot difdane ; 
To th6. Echo .* and thow to nxe agane : ^ 

Some thing. Echo f thow hes for to rejofe, 
Suppofe Narci£us ibme tyme th6 forfook. 
Firft he is dead, fyne changed in a rofe, 
Quhom thow not nane he^ power for to brook. 
Bot be contrait eririe day i look. 
To fie my love attraptit ini a trane 
From mcy Echo ! and nevir come agane. 

Now welcome, Echo \ patience perforce^ 
Anes evirie day with mttrning let us meet ; 
Thy love nor myne in myfids h^iif no remorfey 
We taift the font that aevir ftlt the fueet* 
As I demand^ then atifwet ^nd repeit. 
Let teirs aboundant ou'r our vifage rane 1 
To th^, Echo ! and thow to me. agane, 

Quhat lovers, Echo \ maks ilk querimot^ ? Mfohy. 

Quhat kynd of fyre doth kindle thair curage ? Rage; 

Quhat medicine, O Edbo ! knowis thow onj On fty. 

Is beft td ftay this Love of his paflage ? Age. 

Quhat meiit thay that cnld our fighs al&iBge ? Wage* 

Quhat wer we fifft in this our love prO&ni^? Fain. 

Qufaair is our joyi O Echo I Cell agane. G^ne. 

Vot. If !• Ifcrr ANJC 



OT Clio nor CaUioDe I chufe : 

t1 ^i v;f;«ojir .-dl-^'^ V 


For to 

And with thy fervent tune me infale^ rn 

r\ a. ^ '•lOTiM^iU chlCxi^J VJil cj^JiA .Oil iJHUOO Odt 

Quhat epitnets ox argiiments to ulc ^ . . n 

With fals totf i^W TpUKE /(^ fo-|^e.,,^ „,^,^,T 
Both wey m^.^oJs.^aHw|i]^^^^^^ |?b??i^%! 

Ihat turlt mcpnthint cative.tul.accmc, l /i 

Quhais variance of all my wtdis I rWyte., . > - /^^ 

^- .. ': /.> n .. ■ .^iT^a jlD JMigiii h^qqori odijv • 

Sho is mair mobile meklenor the mone i . • r 

_ - . r-aus':. xi^'»v ^-^a-mok^, 5:t woii ton bi-^a >. 

It keips a cburfe, and caaniris not fo Jbne i r 
r> .^- . ^' ^ ■ '■ ■' ^Ti .- ; /.^rfi lar/ -^ ntjjfir ?.-^iT on : rnodi V' 

But m ane 6raour waxis aty ;and wanis. • , Tt 

As Bacte iausma B tnqil t^x abone. -. \t . v 

, -«^;:i ^^^'. T: X yTnim T Sit /fira --.fibl '^L'OI 

In mefiir not a moment Iho.refmane^ ■ ^ rr 4 i\ 

Sho gives ^ gefsv^bp w^i^^^^^^ .^,K 

Her domes all ar iradifcreitly done j n 

Without refpect^ of perlons or of panes., n jj 

For men of mc^if, fjip ^^^ sfininim liH 

Bot when a toy intill hif.heid ihotaks^ . . ,r^ 

Bert fyme or refon, orrrelpedt to ncht. ^ q 

The worthieft and valianteiVfiio }o^^s« 
And honours 'out- waill 
/\s of a kitchen 

That wttch : that warl<irk ! Jthat unwdrtni& wlcbt j 

titteft on thair bakis. , n 

,tym war bot fljcb,t/ , / 

/■iti>^ ':^i!< ". ij ■'- -4^*5 'ii>o>(^ ^ai-^vy^r ft/^- =^'^ rr3ni-fi. 

Qiihen with,a^Ht^iflj\ftt^l^hAtli^bft^|fc^ ^j^i 
Rude is that rattil running with a reill, . 
Quhiirtop oj^er tail goes noneu mem atams. ' 


» "f 


[ES VI. 1567-^1603. 499 

Then fpurgald fporterslEliajTiMegin to fpeill. 
The cadger dims, new cleikit from the crcill, 

Doun g;6^s ■ t^e waveft, i>re^ all thair bains. 

Sho works her witil^tJStf V^irit'ie weiU ; 

Sho ftottis at ilrais, fyn ftumbillis not at ftanis. ^ .^ 

How iho fuld hurt or nelp, fflo.iievir fcuifcs : 
jLuk as It lyks. mq lauehis and never luiks* ' 

Bot wavers lyk The. weddercok an Wind. 

01 ^'j'::.< '^a^.^'A-iji Jn?v'.r ■-■p. • .. 

Sho counts not Kangs nor Gazards mair Hor^ cuiI^s y ,~ 
Reid hot how iho hcs Diecklr £k^as pufl^J^ ^ . ^ 
Thairin the muI of rfinces wl ye &ia 

Dinss dounwaras ay the duchtidt lyk duiks : 
Quho hopped higheft oft tynJi comes hehmd. 

I neid n6t now tp nominat thair names» . > 

Qahom Iho hes ihent and dayly ihifts and mames. 
That lonclome lahour woldipe ou^? prohxt. ^ 

Tour felfis may ue, 1 think a. thouiand ihamcs,. 
Quhilks roets, as per purlevants.^proclames. 

Her fickle fremdlhip^s not firnaely fixt ; . , .. 

^ - ' . . %£iitb 'i III 3;n> f I^ur •. ■. J 1 u j;,^ . i o d : 5 H 

Quhair ane is now, his nichthpur may bcnixt. rr 

pho caulles culzies, and hut fait oefames ; 

^iT mirrines mtlf^i^i«fiaf^y#^r ' 

Thairior, my iremds ' quha nevir leirs to fall. 
Keiaiv my eimelt aamonition alL 
QuhiUs ye ar weul, 1 wim yjoato be war ; 
Kemembe^. Ihirs, that fomtym ye war foiall. 
And may be yit, 1 will not, fay. ye faU t 
For, I confes, that war a fut too fajr. 
Howbcit ye think rny liarrand fome tEinfi: fiats 
Quhen ye teiftweih, your baks may to the wall, 
ThiAig^ byi^ not ay Irt ordoli^ is» iUtj^ ar . 

Tak tyme iii tymc, and (b'my taill tak tent j 

L«t je it pas, perhaps, ye may repent, 

■ ' And 


joe cHBoMtoor dip 'teoitte i^^?Vir. 

And with it #mr quliea ^'i&jHifafit jvfa^'i^'^' 
Had Cafar fcne the ccdiile tWt itiS^firii^ SiiiqjjriQ fA 
Ye wat hch«d not lyithtfie wi c fcfed »itat^^'" <:£r:jji 
Quha war oondudh (itiflei hhn trf tfll^ '- ^ '''''" '>' 

Bot in hb IroToiae he piit ii(i (fiwefca^^" \i^^M'-E« 1 
The qnhUk' at lafi, thocht KiIC, Inaitf b2u-'i^t^^^ '^- 
His unadvcfiewce only; dJd^im iH; " './ '^ ''^"^ 
Judge of y^jH^ifclf i^ ||di,^.jDttyj^tJ'''-j Jj^; 
Quhais fenjeid fr^^j^ei;.woi3ie')£u op^^ies. _ 

if that yeijt?!^ wtiaa4l^^|i^ift»i«. , 1 .,/] , v 
Think ye that flio ^^l^^ole you more ^aa tjluns, 
Quha, war y«lf iuin,5(>E^piipy;^.^| roOT»ow,_* j^ ' -^ 
Quhom fl)0 gart i|ydp,€ir.jre ^i^onjta^r ■?*'^V- r- 
Some got a blind, who thpzfat they Wartibt ^teat^' 
Cbufe or refafc'my idnd&l.-'^'Mb'yVW'^dfep^ ' 
Fairweill, my freinds ! I bo«'t^d^FM^trflliM^ :> 

■ ':.■"■■ '■''-■■." '''■'■' ,!i'f_iu ■^■jq^iL .i^di-^ 

TO ^'Uj/BtiafKiMirm-.tif^/pmJ^n^dT 

M-- ■■■' -. -.^. !-■ .--ulJi^ .'^iiiJ Trl.t^l i.'srilfp. 
rbeftbel6Tit^n>therK*ihf,^fl4.f ,.;;., .j, -...(^ 
I grcia ta Sb ihy filUe fizuddy; ter<il^ , ,.' ^ , ^ ,j. ,-,^ ,3 
This is no lyfietltatlJejA ait>i«cla#4 i :,.-_,. ,,o! .(;iiC 
On raw nd h^rnig t^&it tiitbp iflifcr, ■..,■{: ■.,^-, ,-.--, ^ 
Syn I an fiibjed fotii tytnc (o^bflifeiii, ,i-..:,,-j ^,[ " 
And day^ d^ingiof myittulddifeis;; ,,;:f^;) ^i' -!.•■, 
Ait bread, iitailli^iae mj^.j^ j .,,',- 
, This barme and ,fal^idry bui,fis up aP my bees ; 
Ye knaw ill gujdii^g genders ipony gees', '■''"" 
And fpccially in poets for example. ,' ' ■ T' "" 
Ye can pen out twa cuple andye pipist' '' ' ' "' ■,' 
Yourfelf and I, old Scot and Uofcrt'Scmple-"'' ""''^ 
Quhen we ar deid, that all out cfayis'b'jiiaaffis," '*'* 
J^et Chriftan Lyadsfay wryt our epitaphis;' 

■' \v:t!i 


w^%:^H{'*^^ n^^j^tj^i im^QS^' rr ^ 

As copping Q)jj^» 5^:gQfn<?jii<^^^^ . ^ ; 

My mind could »^^l? ^vikr^^ 6k^ ^jin^s^ .^ , 
I wantonlj vnyv^^n^^ yea^,§^^Yings. 
In Cui^^.,coj*^ j^ Iji^a^^^ baif bpn^ M^^d^ , . ^ 
Quhair Mufes yet foip.^f ^jf,fojK^^ 4^^*^ = ^ 

Yet ye half fene his Grace oft for me iciii ' - 
Qahcn he tuke gl^lureinto poene. ^ . .. 

Quhill tVtnq m^Y terve, perforce ! miiftifefrane, ' -^ 
That pleSs His Grace I come to Cdiiri affanti. 

I feid'i^ei^iono q^n j^^^.4ws Gfape^ . , ^ 
To lawfcpo jM>f^ f li^air i?^ 1 v^oii ^lyf^ ^ ^ . - 
I am a lizard fameiil of his face. 
And not a fnaik wi^h pojifan him^to byte, 
Quhais ifhapes alyk, thocht faihonis differ quyt. 
The one doth io^iHfi«'l*her~^tt«w!i^A^ 0/ 
jQuhair feme taks plefur, others tak defpyte ^ 
One fliap, one fiibjed, wS&esiigiBffl and.iU, < i i'/ 
Even fo will men/B^i? f|i^1fi»il j«i^ge f will, ? -. . . 
Baith love and Idtfi, alid;^n>yb6D«iLe-tlvitag4i 
I can not ikan thtift^ thihp ibovt oiy &iiU 
Love quhom thiy lyft, for m^ Ijio^e,the;£iirg, j / 
jQuhois Highnes hijg?it*d ibm.tym)&Cife<>k)<>^ , . 
How I chaift 'Pb/^ar^ f!p6tn the chimney nofl^. j 

Remembers thoW In JEfop of a taill ? ' • 
A loving dog was of his maifter rarie ^ ■ '' • 
To faun on him wes atl liis paftyra haifh' 
His courteous maifter clappit hilu agairc." 
Py ftoo4 an afs, abelfl of l)Iahle^ brnbe; • ' 
Perceiving this, biU looking to no' freer, 
'JIq pleis hlii nvaiiTcr w'itli the XDir.w^r^-'.-^^ 



531 CHROVKaJM)f 'S<XOTa«6flJLro«TEf« 

Sho clamb on him with her fouUiclobbit^fe^) ;4ii^^ ^^' 
To play the meffan thocht&o w«b not taeet^ liuiujj 
Sho meinit wtiU, I grant^ hor/m^^nd.was guid^-^'^ X^^ 
But quhair iho troude her maiftertfool^ihevitreit^ ^^ 
Thej battoun'd her qu^iUi tikall Aa^lfawr^lcrcibhil^'' ' 
So (lands with me^uhq loire&iirit^aUinyitfautt^vi i^^ 
My maifler beft,— »f#0iej|jakft Jt^iu lU^irtu s^l^oi in/^ 

Bot fen I fie this proverbt^ tfo' Bd'tfti^"'^ ^^'^^ ^'^^ 
^* Far better hap to QoiirinQs fervdoevgcod^^^.T; a-ahij) 

Fairweill, my brother Hudfonp^ln^^xiahvisiii^iipil yj^ 
Quho firft fand out^f F/^g^feffttjlto flbj;^a,[v ^ ^riuo ;H 
And facred hight of Paroafe mytfedlhttxiil^ nl ^iuiir/p 
From whence fom tym^^tihefomofcPelosRfeatcxJEfi ^IA 
Twa feverall fliaftis qttihfilriierPfjD^pbmftQod^:! i^iiW 
With Penneus docht^rhc^jlllgito lc^WMit/i3il:t lllcd -'O^ 
Thy Homer's ftyle, the PejirairkslfaighdbiYtent ^hlIA 
Sail vanquifli death, and liye et^i^i^ji^ly^ ..^.^ j .^^4, HA 
Quhais boafting bow, thqcht it |ff^^^j^^j-|)5Qt,i^^^r [ 
Sail nevgr hurt the fone Qtv^^flf^^^ { ,, ,rfj ..rr^ rk 
Thow only brother of the Sift^t:5^n|;^^^ .niATort o^ 
Shaw to the King thiappf)^: ,C9??^flJ,,§^Mvn^H.,j;i 


HIS COMPANIONS (iijHEii k± "WJl^ M^tkHd't^^-"^^ 

No wonder thoght T waill ifed'^eri),^^"'' ''' -'^^ ''^''' 

That womplit am in woes. - '^ '^■^^"^- ^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^ 
I figh, I fobbe, quhen I ftlrffia^,^ ^ ^^' V^' ^^^'^'^ ^^^^ 
My fjDreit can not repofe;^ ^- ^^ ^ - ^''''^''^ ^q^riii^Si 
My perfbne is in prifbne py^ir,^ ' ^ -'^ 9on.i;.;q ^^l 
And my companions fo untrad, ^ 1 > i niin Ln£ .'^il 1 
Melancholie miicheivis mv mind," •■ ^ ;*^^ <' ' / 

That I can not rejofe, 



JAJiBS>*i. *j^7^-ida|^ ^ S<$i 

o- ; -'' 

r<A ' 


■■ ; .. 

1 > 

i vif' ' ' tj . ■ r ' . ' ! ' ! i f ;') •. ■.' 5 ' t 

So long I .loibkit fot relei^ 

Quhill i^f^ewlre now i tyr«4 
Mj gatfii ac gcippitfo> with gr^if^ 

It fjtianxifi u^iDjrei 
The frrimmitnealhfit'f haif felt; 
For fyteLJaod^rilbW'garris^iki^ fwehy ' 
And maks mjiij^i^t whhittfflie melt - ^ 

Lyk wax bef^yetl^j fyr^^ , ,, ,,, , / i ^ r 

Quhen me)^!jG»D women? veficed iflie. 

My dolour I difgujfe^ ^ o L nil 
By outward^fight th^t niin^i^i^^^ f[i 

<^hair in^texdlkigUjOTl^kv '^ i 
Als patleiyt j4sealy^jpdirra|)pdit$y" ^ ^ 
With h09t]ph^C(^hirt)id1mdfi heii^?^ 
For baill then bdrT^I otitiii teirs, • 

Alane ^teith/oaitfuU^ryis^ • 

All daj I wot not qtihat to So, 

I loth td^fietli^^liclA;- ^^'-^^^■^' '''"' ■'-''- ''^ ''■""' ^^^ 

At evin then I am ti-iMt^W^ ;'!'' ' V : M ' ' ' ^ ^ 
So noyfum is Wie nicht". '" 

Quhen liatiir inoft t^^yi-s i(>xtK^ ' ^" ^' '" ■ 

With paniinfi: (b I am oppreft. 

So mony things my mind moleft, 

Mjr fleiping is bot flicht. 

Rememfef ing^nje^ <|Vhair }. liai^ bci>e^ 

Both lykit and belov't, , 

And now fen fyne quhat \ half fenc, 

My myrid may be cprptpov't. ,_ ;» j ,i > /I 
If any of my dolour dout, , , , ^ ,. , i^.j j 
Let ilkane fey thait titne about : ^^, ; i .,i i> ^ 

Perhaps quhofe ftomok is molt flout, , 

Its patience may be prov't 

I fie, and namely now adayxs, > •' 

All is not gold that tglcitis ; ^ 


V» y .,;-,- , T,; > .If-'-' 

^ ^ 

> i ' 


cHRoxicu or ftcdTTfM t^rtiiis 


Nor to be feald that ilkane fayis^ 

Nor water all that weitis. 
Sen f rifled goods ar sot forjriirin, 
Quhen cup is fall^ then hold it ^yln ^ 
For man may meit at onfetfteyih^ 
Thocht mounts^nis never meits. 

Then do as ye wald be done to, 

Belovit brethren all ; 
For, out of dout, qtthat fo ye do, 

Refaif the lyk ye fall. 
And with quhat mefur ye do iliett^ 
Prepair again the lyk to gett# 
Tour feit ar not fo fiekcr fett, 

Bot fortun ye may falL 


Trom the fame MS» 

(JfT have I hard, but efter fund it trew, 
That Courteours kyndueslafls hot for a quhyWf 
Fra once your turnes be fped, quhy then adew ! 
Your piomeift frcindihip patffis in fxylc. 
But, Rpbene, faith ye did me not beguyle^ 
I hopit ay of you as of the lave. 
If thow had wit, thow wald haif mony a wyle 
To mak thy felf be knawin for a knaivc. 
Montgomrie, that fik hope did once eonceave 
Of thy guid-will, now finds ail is forgottin. 
Thocht nocht but kindnefs he did at the craive. 
He finds thy friendfbip as it rypis is rotten ; 
The fmeikie fmeiths cairs not his paffit travel, 
Bot leivis him lingring dcing of the gravel.. 




x\s curious Dido j£aee>didr4icihafid 

To underftand quha vrakt his toiia,? f^d how : '. 

Himfelf got throw and come to Ljr^ia^laiid^ ^ 

To quhom fra hand his,bp<|^ ht^^hpw. > 

With bendit brow, and twinkling teixs^/l itrow^. 

He faidy if thou, O QjieQC i :-wald JkafW the cace^ 

Of Troy, allace ! it gams m^, bqdji gc^w^ 

To tell it now fo far to our diij^rfctv - 

How in (hort fpace that fom tjaie^eirlca place,' 

before liiy face, in furious flammis did burne ; 

Compeld to murne, and, than rn.tak the chace^ 

I ran this race, but hevir to returne : 

So thQii Ijl^^Diddy^Maiftef; ODaTiddDciimfiBoxad^' . 

Hes^me to anfwer l^.thj Sonei^ {hntmond* 

The heyinly furie that infpyrd my fpreit, 
Quhen facred bei^Wsf WSHT 5W»t i^y {MfPi^ij t9 Wa4^ 
"With frdftis pfiftferW f riMjtfp J^i !t^ bek,i - 
My gariaii4;grt»n i» Wijthjfit,^i^.th5e^^^l^ 

Ye tnaw Oecajkh^ m}m ^^^fm^V : - 1 
The braved ffur^i^^s ]t^4b ij^ treu^ I ff^Wg ^ > , 

The long forfpokih pro:««Kb ITO^I findr 
*« No maHvW mani^^nftiid: j|n&{l #9 luHJiiqg ©oy* n * 
The cuccowfleisE before: the, t»rtieid»!ii^>' - 
The pratling pyet wMibm^ wijtb th© Mufo i. . : . 

Fan with Apollo ^lityis, I wiotinot how > . 
The attircbps 14fa«rira%ftffii!B !!&•;. 

Thefe be tbttrigveifs thaf garr^ IMC^t^ndrie gtvbigtf 

That M^daa,ino#J4ecaenai9,iisQm'JQ)dge*. - . ^ 

Vol. HK t Sss- - . 


A LADtIS LAMBNTATIOK. From tht fame Wi. 

vJuHOM fuld I warie hot my wicked weard, 
Quha fpan mj tbriftks thraward fatall threed ! 
T wes hot fkantlie entrit in this eard^ 
N^r had offendit quhill I felt hir feed. 
In hir unhappy hands iho held my heid^ 
And ftraikit bakward woderihins my hair. 
Syne prophecye4 I fould afpyre and fpeid ; 
Quhilk double fentence wes baith faith and fair, 
For I wes matchit with my match and mair. 
No worldly woman nevir wes fo weill, 
I wes accountit Gountefs but compair, 
Quhill fickle Fortune whirld me from her wheel j 
Rank and renoun in littil roum fho rang'd. 
And Lady Lucrece in a Grefieid chang'd. 

Melpomene, my mirlhles murning M ufe ! 
W6uchfaif to help a wretchit woman weep, 
Quhofe chance is cailia that llto cannot cbufe, 
Bot figh and fobbe, and foun quhen flio fould fleep.. 
More hevynes within my hairt I keep. 
Nor cative Creffeid quhair flio lippar lay. 
Difpair hes dround mjr hopeles hope fo deep« 
My forie fong is Oh and Wella,day ! 
Even as the oul that dar not fee the day, 
For feir of foulis that thin about do proul^ 
So am I nou exyld from honour ay, 
Compaird to Creflide and the ugly oul. 
Fy lothfome lyfe ! Fy death that dou not ferve ine! 
Bot quik and dead a byfm thow muil preferve me. 




9Vaf born in 1580 ; received tTse honour of knighthood 
from James VI. in 1614 ; and by Charles I. 'was 
.created Earl of Stirling^ upon his being appointed Se^ 
cretary of State in 1626. The whole of his works ^ 
excepting a colle&ion of lovefonnets entitled Aurora^ 
are contained in a Folio volume printed at London in 
3t 63 7^ under the general title of Recreations ^ith the 
Mufes ; conjifling of Four Monarchip Tragedies, or 
rather ** Elegiac Dialogues for fhe inftruBion of the 
great '^^ priginally publijhfd in 1603 ^«^ 1604.— 
Dooms da J, a holy poemy 1614 ; Jonathan, an herdic 
poem ; 'and a Parsenefis to Prince Henrj ; — " a no- 
hie poem, (^fays Mr Pinkerton,) being his majler^ 
piece \ and a work that does the patron and the poet 
great credit.'* As a fpecimen of Lord Stirling's 
poetry^ the reader is here prefented with an 


i V 

XjOE here (brave youth) as zeale and duty movej 
I labour (though in vaine) to finde fome gift, 
Both ^worthy of thy place, and of my love. 
But whilft my felfe above my felfe 1 lift. 
And would the beft of my inventions prov^, 
I (land to iludy wha^rfhould b^ my drift ; 
Yet this the greateft approbation brings. 
Still to^ Prince to fpeake of Princely things. 




When thofe of die firft mgf Aat eazft did live 
In fliadowie woods, or in a humid cave. 
And taking that which th' earth not forcM did gire, 
Wonld onely pay what Nature's need did crave ; 
Then beafts of breath fach numbers did deprivei 
That (following Aptpbioti) they did defarts leave : i 
Who with fweet founds did leade them by the ears, f 
Where mutuall force might baniih common fears. 


Then building walles, they barbarous rites difdainM, 
The fweetnefle of fociety to finde , 
And to attajrne what unity maintainM, 
As peace, religion, and a yeitupus minde ; 
That fo they might have reftlefie humours raynM^ 
They ftraight with lawes their liberty c^mfin'd : 
And of (he better fort the beft preferred. 
To chaftife them againft the lawes that err*d. 


I wot not if proud mindes who firft afpir'd 

O're many realmes to make themfelves a right ^ 

Or if the world's diforders fo required, 

That then had put Aftraa to the flight ; 

Or eHe if fome whofe vertues were admir'd. 

And eminent in all the peoples fight. 

Did move peace-lovers firft to reare a throne, 
And give the keyes of lif^ and death to one* 

That dignity, when firft it did begin. 
Did grace each protince i^nd each little towne. 
Forth when ihe firft doth from B^owmond rinne. 
Is poore of waters, naked of renowne ; 
But Carron, AUon, Teath, and Doven in, 
Doth grow the greater ftill, the further downe : 
Till that abounding both in power and fame^ 
She long doth ftrive to give the lea her name. 



^ JAMES vr« i567«— 1603. 509 

Even fo thofe Soreraigaties wfaicli once were fmall, 
Still fwallowiag up the neareft neighbouring ftate, 
WitH a deluge of men did realnoes appall; 
And thus th' Egyptian Pharoes &rA grew great. 
Thus did th' Afljrians make fo many thrall ; 
Thus rearM the Romans their imperiall feat: 

And thus all thofe great ftates to worke have gone, 
Whofe limits and the wotlds were all but one. 

But Til nat j^unge in fuch a ftormy deepe. 
Which hath no bottome, nor can have no ihore j 
But in the duft will let thofe afties fleepe. 
Which (cldath'd with purple) once th* earth did adore. 
Of them fc^cc now a monument we keepe, 
Who (thund'ring terrour) curb'd the world before ; 
Their ftates which bj a numbers ruin Hood, 
We^re founded^ and confounded, both with bloud* 

If I would call antiquity to minde, 
I, for an endleile ta&e might then prepare. 
But what ? ambition that was ever blinde. 
Did get with toyle that which was kept with care ; 
And thofe great States 'gainfl: which the world repinM, 
Had falls, as famous,' as their rifings rare : 
And in all ages it was ever feen, . 
What vertue rais'd, by vice hath ruin'd been. 

Yet regifters of memorable things 
Would help (great Prince^ to make thy judgment 
Which to the eye a perfeft mitrour brings, [founds 
Where all fliould glaffethemfelves who would be crown'd* 
Read thefe rare parts that a^^ed were by Kings, 
The ftraines heroick, and the end renown'd^ 
Which (whilft thou in thy Cabinet do'fl fit) 
Are worthy to bewitch thy glowing wit. ^ 

■ ' X. 

4 •• 



And doe not, doe not (thou) the meanes omit. 

Times match'd with cimes, what they beget to fpji 

Since hiitory uiay lead thee unto it, 

A pillar whereupon good fprites rely. 

Of time the table^ and the nmfe of wit. 

The fquare of reafon, and the minders clear eye j 

Which leads the curious reader thro' huge harmsj 

Who flands fecure whilft looking on alarms. • • • 

O I heavenly Knowledge which the beft fort loves. 
Life of the (bule, reformer of -the will^ 
Clear light, which from the mind each cloud removesi 
Pure fpring of vertue, phyfick for each ill, 
Which in profperity a bridle proves. 
And in adveriiiy a pillar flill ; 

Of thee the more men get, the more they crave, 

And^hink, the more they get, the lefle they have. 

But if that knowledge be requir'd of alf. 
What fhould they do this treafure to-obtaine. 
Whom in a throne time travels to enftall, 
Where they by it of all things muft ordaine ! * 
If it make ihem who by their birth were thrall. 
As little Kmgs, whilft o*er themfelves they raigne. 

Then it muft make, when it bath thro'ly gracM them, 
Kings more then kings, &like tohiin who plac'd them, 

This is a grief which all the world bemones. 
When thofe lack judgement who are borne to judge. 
And like to painted tombes, or guilded ftones. 
To troubled fouls cannot afford refuge. 
Kings are their kmgdomes hearts, which tainted once. 
The bodiies ftraight corrupt in which they lodge : 

And thofe, by whofe example many fall. 

Are guilty of the murther of them all. 


JAMES VI. 1567— l6d^, S''^^ 


The meanes which beft make Majeftie to ftand^ 
Are laws obfervM, whilft praftice doth direft : 
The crown, the head, the fcepter decks the hand, 
But only knowledge doth the thoughts ereft. 
Kings fliould excell all them whom they command. 
In all the parts which do procure refpe£k :' 

And this, a way to what they would, prepares, 
Not only as thought good, but as known theirs. 

Seek not due reverence only to procure, 
With fhows of fovcraignty, and guards oft lewd. 
So Nero did, yet could not fo affure 
The hated Diademe with bloud imbru'd ; 
Nor as the Per/ian Kings, who liv'd obfcure. 
And of their fubje£ls rarely would be view'd ; , 
So one of them was fecretly o'er- thrown. 
And in his place the murtherer raign'd unknown. 

No, only goodneffe doth beget regard. 
And equity doth greateft glory win ; 
To plague for vice, and vertue to reward. 
What they intend^ that, bravely to begin. 
This is to foveraigntie a powerful guard, .^ 
And makes a Prince's praife o'er all come in : 

Whofe life (his fubjeds law) clear'd by his deeds. 
More than "Jujlinian^s toyls, good order breeds. . . . 

O happy Henrie ! who art highly borne. 
Yet beautifi'ft thy birth with fignes of worth ; 
And (though a child) all childifli toys doft fcorne. 
To fiiew the world thy vertues budding forth. 
Which may by time this glorious Isle adorne. 
And bring eternal trophees to the North, 
While as thou do'ft thy father's forces lead. 
And art the hand, whileas he is the head. • • . . 






MagnanlmouSy n6w, with heroick psuts^ 

Shew to the world whst thou doll ayme to be, 

The more to print in all the peoples hearts, 

That which thou wouldft they (hould exped of thee : 

That fo (pre*occupied with foch defarts) 

Thej after maj applaud the heavens decree 

When that daj comes ; which if it come too fobn, 
Then thou and all this Isle would be undone. . ., . 

I grant in this thy fortune to be good, 
That art t'inherit fuch a glorious crown^ ^ ' 
As one defcended from that (acted bloud. 
Which oft hath fiU'd the world with true reaown : 
The which ftill on the top of glory ftood. 
And not fo much as once feem*d to look down : 
Fot who thy branches' to remembrance brings, 
Count what he lift, he cannot count but Kings. . . . 

And though our nations, long I muft confcfle. 
Did roughly woo before that they could wed ; 
That but endeers the union we pofleflc, 
Wliom Neptune both cbmbincs within one bed : 
Air ancient injuries this doth redrcfle, 
• And buries that which maiiy a battell bred : 
•« Brave difcords rcconci.l'd (if wrath expire) 
" Do breed the greateft love, and moft intire." 

What fury o'er my judgement doth prevaile ! 
Me thinks I fee all th' earth glance with our armes, 

And groning Neptune eharg'd with many a faile \ 

I hear the thundring trumpet found th' sdanaes, 
Whilft all the neighbouring nations do look pale. 
Such fudden fear each panting heart^ifarmes. 
To fee thofe martial mindes togwher gone. 
The Lion and the Leopard in ^ne. 






t ■ ■ .' 

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