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IZ^if.^- ^' 


















Beginning at the Year mcccc. where thai of Sir JOHN FRO ISS ART finishes, and ending 
at the Year mcccclxv^u. and continued by others to the Year mdxvi. 


















CfiAt>. I. 

The king of t'rance enters the city of Na- 
ples In triumph. The attack and capture 
of the Castel Nuovo and the Castel del 
Ovo. Of the -events that passed in Na 
pies . . - - i 

CHA?. II; 

King €harles makes his public entry iftto 
Naples, as king of that country and mo- 
narch of all Itjjy ' • - 15 


«King Cha^s ntakes dispositions to return 
to France, and takes leave df his subjects 
in Naples - - ^ • 18 


Kiiig Charles returns from Naples to {'nince 19 
vox., xiu b 



The battle of Forenuovo^ where the king 
of Franoe gains a. complete * victory over 
the confederated princes of Italy - 24 


The king decamps from Foronuovo^ to r^- 
^ turn to France .^ ^ • -•SO 

CHAP. vn. 

The king of France goes to St Denis. He 
returns to Ambolse, and there suddenly 
dies of a fit of apoplexy - - S|S 

cyAP. ym. 

Of the fuperal services performed for king 
Charles Vin. of France, at Amboise, Paris, 
and St Denis « « ^ S9 


Ofking Louis the Twelfth - - 41 


Duke Ludoviqq 3fbrza is made prisoner be- 
fore Novara, .and. carried to France 47 


The cardinal Ascanius, brother to the duke 
of Milan, is taken prisoner^ md carried 
to France * - - . 51 


The inhabitants of Miltu^ ^re bribed into 
subjecUop - ^ . -: i^ 53 


The king (tf France sends troops tC recon- 
quer Naples, which in a short time is won^ 
and Frederick, styling Hmself king there- 
of, comes to France - . , 74 


The cardinal of Amboise makes his public 
entry into Lyon> as legate to France 76 

? CHAP. XV. 

The Fresich, after the capture of Naples, • 
make war on the Turks - -^ 77 


The archduke makes his entry into Lyon. 
Another heretic - - - 82 


The cardinal of St Fietro ad vincula elected 
pope - - - - 88 


The Sophi of Persia makes wat on the Turk 
Usson Cassan - • « 92 


A great mortality from the unwholesome* 
ness of the season. Of the. deaths of 
many persons of note - - 97 

The deathly of the ar^hdulci^ and of the 
que«n.o£ Hup^iry ,.;.-. - 10* 

b 8 




The pcfie^ by the as^sta^ce of the French, 


Of the damsel Trivulce - ' ' - ' 108 

CHAP. xxni. 

Of the Wgue of Car«bray, formed by the 

* cardinal ©f Amboi»e, between, the pope', 

the emperor JM^iniiSijin) . the king of 

France/ and the king of Sp^iQ, i^nst 

' the Venetians. Th^; h^^S of Franw de- - 
feats the VeneUa^fi^at i^gnadollo - ll2 


A war between Pope Julius and the. king of . 
France, on account of the d\ike of Fer- 
raira» A council of t^.^ church assembled 

. at the instance of the eniperor Maximilian 
and the king of France, to the dissatis* 
faction of the ' pope". Bologna taken, by 
thcIYench - - " - 118 


The duke of N6ftibuTs* marches his army 
against Brescia. / Otl takfngthe town, a ' 
great slatighter ensites "' - - i ' ' '1*24 

CHAP, ibtyt " :^^ ' 

The duke of Nefrtidtirs tteMts the united 
arhll^s of the ii6p^,''th% ^^lieft^^^ * 

'niie Spaniards, near to fti^niii^ 6ut k *' 




himself slain, after he had gained the 
vktory, and totally repulsed the enemy 129 


Oq the departure of the Frelich from Italy, 
the Swiss take the town of Milan and 
other places held by the king of France 1%$^ 


Of the war in Guienne. The king of France . 
sends succoun to the king of Navarre. 
Tbe king of England makes preparations 
to invade France* A sea fight between 
two large English and French ships 143 


The king of England . disembarks with his 
whole airoy at Calain^t The French are 
. 46feated by the Swiss, at Novara i 147 


A body of . French on thdt return from 
vicjtu^Uuig TherQuenne, besieged by the 
English and Hainaultsrs, are attacked and 
pultQ.fli^ . - - . lifl 


The king of Scotland enters Engknd with 
a p0wwful army; He is slaiiau Peace oon-n . .. 
duelled between the kmg. of France aoid.. i 
: the Venetians - . *. *. j - .-^ * . . 154 


The tpmu ctf Therdtenne and Tontnil^ ;smr-^ . d V 
render to the English pn capitulation 15& 

? . , FACE 


Of the death and interment of the most 
Christian queen of France, Anne of Brit- 
tany • - - • 161 


The king of Ff ance marries the princess 
M^ry,^ sister to king Henry of England. 
Francis duke of Valoisand count of An- 
goulesme marries the princess Claude^ 
daughter to the king of France. The 
new queen makes her public entry into 

' France , - - . • 162 


Of the tilts performed at Pkris. The death 
and interment of Louis XI. king of 
France - - - - 168 


Francis I. king of France, is consecrated at 
R helms. He makes his public entry into 
Palis. He leaves France to attack the 
^Swiss> ia the Milanese^ ^ho have taken . 
possession of that duchy - 171 


The king of France pursues the Swiss with 
his iwhole army. - Fhe town and castle of 
Novara surrender to the king . - 179 

CHAP, xxxvin. 

The king of Firance defisniits the Siviss army 


at Maiignano, on the feast day of the ex- ^ 
altation of the cross. Of the cruel battle 
and slaughter of the French and Swiss 183 


Milan surrenders to the king of France. 
The castle, besieged by the French, sur- 
renders on capitulation - - 191 


Pope Leo X. and the king of France meet 
at Bologna, to confer on the state of af- 
fairs. The king returns to Franae 194 

chap: xli. 

The emperor Maximilian assembles a large 
army, to attempt the conquest of the 
Milanese, and to drive the French out of 
Italy. The constable of Bourbon, lieute- 
nant-general for the king in Italy, marches 
against him. « - • 19$ 


The emperor Maximilian, finding that he 
could not succeed in his attempt on Mi- 
lan, marches away - - 203 


The king of France goes on a pilgrimage to 
the church of the Holy Handkerchief in 
Chambery. A treaty of peace concluded 
between him and the archduke king of 
Spain r - • -204 

/ ^ 


• ':»'! 4 

/ .' I 

. V, 

• «« . ^.^ 

• » 


^ A . J I. I, 

'# . ' 

«t . . 4 



or THB 






On Sunday, the 2Sd day of February, iri 
the year 1494, king Charles dressed him- 
self in his royal robes, and triumphantly 
entered the city of Naples. Although he 
afterwards made another ^ntry, as shall be 
more fiiUy detailed, he, however, showed 
himself this day the true king and potent 




lord of Naples, and weftt thence to the 
castle of Capua. 

As some of the partisans of king Al- 
phonso still held the citadel of Naples, 
the Castel Nuovo, and the Castel del 
Ovo, king Charles ordered them to be in- 
stantly attacked, although one side of the 
dtadej was washed by the sea. He had 
his battering artillery pointed against the 
Castel Nuovo ; and the captains of the 
guard for the king, >\':ere sir Gabriel de 
Montfaucon, Jean de la Grange, and others 
of i'ank. 

Not to prolong matters, the citadel was 
gained after a very severe attack ; and 
the Germans, Neapolitans, and Spaniards, 
of the party adverse to the king of France, 
burnt the outworks and hastily retreated 
to join their associates in the Castel Nuovo. 
In the citadel w^re found the largest 
capnons that had ever been seen, with 
such quantities of other things of an extra- 
ordinary appearance that it was mpre than 
eight days before the place could be cleared, 
by employing numbers of people and carts. 
Wednesday, the 25th day of Febru- 
ary, the king, after hearing mass iii the; 


church of the Annonciada w«it to dine 
with the lord de Montpensier, and thence, 
accompanied by his loids, repaired to the 
citadel to examine how it had heeri bat^ 
t^red^ and to consult* on the best means 
of conquering the Caistel Nuovo. The 
next day the garHsori demanded a parley, 
on which the artillery ceased firijgig, — and 
the lord Angilbert of Cleves, the lord of 
ligny, the bailiff of Dijon, and the great 
chamberlain to th6 queen advanced to 
confer with thenr* The first demand of 
the garrison waii that the king would 
grant them a truce for twenty-four hours, 
which was cheerfully acceded tq : the 
next, that they might> on the morrow, 
maifch away with arms and baggage, which 
was refused, • .' . 

On the twenl^-four hours being ex-^ 
pired, the ajliillery played more fiercely 
than before, — ^ahd it was a pitiful sight to 
view tbe ruins of ithis Castel Nuovo, which 
was exceedingly strong. The-, besieged 
fired a piece of artillery against the church. 
of ike Franciscansr of the obs^rvantine 
order, which broke through the* roof i l^t 
c^'not the ka^timischief to crowds of per* 

B 2 

sons, of both sexes, th«i ^n the church. 
The incessant firing of the batteries lasted 
from Thursday to the Monday fc^owing, 
-^and there were so many breaches, for 
the king was there in person, that the gar- 
rison again demanded a cess9.tion of arms 
for another ]>arley- The lord Aiigilbert of 
Clevesand the ImilifF. of Dijon, who spoke 
German, met the deputies from the castle* 
They demanded permission to march away 
in safety with their baggage, to receive 
three months pay to serve the king; if it 
should be agreeable to him ; otherwise, to 
receive passports for them to go whither- 
isoever they pleased. 

The cessation of arms was renewed 
from day to day, as the parley was pro- 
longed by the garrison until the 3d of March, 
in expectation of bding relieved by king 
Alphonso. But when they found all hopei^ 
of relief vain, and that the batteries were 
about to recommence with more violence 
than ever, they were forced to abandon 
themselves to the mercy of the king, into 
whose hands they surrendered themselves. 
He allowed th^n to keep theijr baggage ; 
but all artillery, stores^ and {ntnds^ns, wexe 

to remain in the castle, which he immedi-^ - 
ately regarrisoned with hisi^ troops, and witb 
ible captains, for its- defence. 

During the kingV stay at that pleasant 
place Poggio-Reale, the daughter of the 
duchess of Melfy*, in company with her , 
mother, came thither,, mounted on a su- 
perb courser of La Puglia, and throwing 
the bridle on his neck, made him gallopf 
four or five long courses ; after which she 
made him curvet and bound, as well as 
the most excellent rider could have don^ 
which pleased the king very muchr— and 
he made her a handsome present. 

Monday, the 4th of March, the kin|^ 
had the Castel del Ovo besieged, an^ 
strongly battered on the land side; the 
others were surrounded by the sea. This 
day» the king heard mass at the carthu* 
sian convent, and dined witb the lord of 
Clerieuxf : he afterwards visited the siege 
of the Castel del Ovo, of which the artillery 
had already destroyed great part,— for the 
canoniers had performed their duty woor 

« Melfy.^ a Amelfi^ 

t Clerieux. William of Poitie|rs lord of Clerieux^ 
goremor of Pant. 



derfully well, insomuch that about, five 
o'clock in the afternoon the garrison de* 
manded a parley. The king being there 
in person, consented to it, and sent thither 
the lords de Foix and de Miolao, who 
having heard their proposals, carried them 
to the king while at supper. 

' Thursday, the 5th of March, the king 
dgain returned to the siege, after his 
dinner ; and while be was in the trenches 
with his artillery, the prince of Tarentum 
waited on bio*- The lord de Gui^, the lojrjj 
d^ ligny, the inaster q(. the hou^hfiUi 
Brillac, had advanced to meet tjie {nifuce. 
and rem.aii)ed as host^es for hiei ^e return 
after the cpniTerence. The long and prtfiupe 
were hgth sumptuoysly dresfedj ai)d qqr> 
veffed by tl^^pisielv^ for pome t^m^» io » 
gi^l^en a4jqiivPg tp thp pay^ of artiMf ry, tp 
all appibari^ce with gr^t p9iitenesi5. Whm 
the converpgtipn w9i; . QPde4 Itbe tipg 
CJ|lle4 tp him the Iqr^ djp Maptpewier^ 

the lord de Fpi?, the lord d<? h Tri- 

ipoMiUe, the lord 4« MjoigH^ th« mtm^ 

chal de Gie, and several others, with whom 
he talked for a considerable time, Surround- 
ed by his guards. When it was overj^ the 

prince took leave of the king^ and returned 
to his galleyi which was anchored off thq 
shore, attended by many of the frencb 
lords, according to the king's orders. On 
his arrival at the shore, he took leave of 
these lords, commending himself to the 
good graces of their king ; and when he 
had embarked in his galley they went back 
to relate to the king all that had passed, 
and his praises of the receptiob he had had. 
On this day the artillery did npt play on 
either side, 

Friday, the 6th of March, the king^ 
having heard mass, went to dine ijv^itb the 
lord de Clerieux,— and this day many of 
the garrison (ampftg whom Wjere several of 
the;, wounded) Iqftrthe Castel del Ovo. The 
Spaniards went fy) the prince of Tarentuni, 
and the Germans surrendered themselves to 
the kiogi having passpoifts for th^ purpose. 
The lord de Cressol, sir Gabriel de IVlont- 
fiiucon^l^ the king's command,. entere4 t^ 
OMtle with ft body of laaen und^r arms, .^nd 
afcbeis^ to take ehari^oj^it^andthe nuoiber'^ 
leas stores^wilhin iAn 

Satajdajr^ the7thiof Mareh, the^ king 

^NnttaieBBM»iD» tbe CA*ti^M Qyo».9«i4 

8 ^ 

then departed to lay siege to the opposite 
castle. Towards evening, the prince of Ta- 
renlum paid another visit to the king, near 
to the park of artillery, — ^and the lords de 
Guise and de ligny were hostages for hifr 
safe return. This conference was short, for it 
was late ; and when the prince returned to 
his galley the above lords rejoined the 
king. It is worthy of remark, that on this 
day the .prince of Salernum, who had been, 
five years a fugitive fi'om Naples, through 
fear of king Alphonso, returned thither, 
and recovered a young son who had been, 
by Alphonso, confined in prison, — for the 
cardinal of San Pietro ad vineula had paid 
a very large sum for his ransom. 

On Sunday, the 8th' of March, the 
king having heard mass, and dined, went 
to amuse himself at the siege, and senK the 
governor of Paris, and the esquire Gkliot, 
to summon the garrison to surrender, 
otherwise he would shortly batter the walls 
about their ears. They refused to com- 
ply ; and, in consequence, the batteries were 
played with such effect that, on the Tliurs-^ 
day following, the '12th; they knew not 
where to shelter themselves^-^^-^tid the^go^ 

Vernor was constrained to come fi^m the 
castle to speak with the king^ then in the 
trenches. The governor, bareheaded and 
on his knees, besought the king, with 
upfifte<J - handsy to grant a truce until 
tlite rtiorroWj and to receive the garrison 
mercifully, which was granted. The gover- 
nor was a handsome, tall figure, with white 
hairs ; and, on having this answer, he 
letmrned by sea to the castle, accompa- 
nied by the prince of Salernum and the 
mareschal dc -Gie, to parley with the gar- 
rison in the castle. Shortly after, the 
csapt^ns Claude de Rabaudanges and the 
lord de la Vemade were appointed gover- 
nors ol' this castle, — ^and nothing was taken 
out of it. 

The king, on tlie following Sunday, 
after hearing mass, returned to the ckstle of 
Capua^ and remained some days, to receive 
ti^ homages of the princes and {Mincesses 
of the realm, together with those of the 
nobles and inhabitants as well of Naples 
as of tile Terra di Lavora, Calabria, La 
Puglia» and df other parts subjected to the 
crowti ef jN[apte$i« He had there establish- 

ed his. chancery, and courts of justice and 

' ■ 

fiiiance,; wHhpr^^d^Dits like as in France. 
The prepiideat Gue»nc»y was the chandellor, 
having the kiogs secretaries uikLer him, 
with gre^t and smaller seals for all requisite 
acts^ He ordered money to be coined of 
gold and silver, -and other metal; such as 
crowns,; ducat^i^ .and ; various pieces, both 
doiuble and, single, having the arms of 
France iippre^d on one side, and on the 
reverse the^ larms . of Sicily, quartered with 
the small flE<)§^es o(f ijerusalen>. ; 

1^6 ,|iing nOMT appointed many new 
officers for ^h^ cji^y Of i Naples, and in other 
towiip^H-naiiJely, judges, \ masters of the 
mint, aiid of various descriptions. > During 
this interval, he visited the different churches 
in Naples,, .^nd ^Vecy thmg worth :sieeing 
there and in its neighbourhood. While 
thus empk)y^, . he had many very fine en- 
te^tainaifents given him by the nobility in 
l^aples, ^d othets, — but it would be tire* 
sc^rpe to detail them all 

» News amvf^d on ;thie. Wednesday, that 
Gaieta ; wps taken by the frendi trocfs^ 
in Gca»e(]^Qnc^>Qf irhdch, thsi jjeiilg sent tke* 


seUfeselud of Beaucaire on the morrow to 
take the government of it. During the 
month of April, the king inspected his ar- 
tillery, iand that which had been found in 
the castles of Naples : the greater part of 
th& last was transported to France. The 
lond d' Aubigny left Naples this month for 
Calabria, accompahied by his men at arms 
and a large body of Germans. The 15th 
of April, the king, after hearing mass in 
the church of the Annonciada, was con- 
fessed, and then touched and cured gr^tf 
numbers that were afflicted with tLe evil,— 
a disorder that abounded much all over 
Italy,-—when the spectators were greatly 
Qjified at the powers of such an extraor* 
dinary gift. This day the lord Virgilio Or* 
sini and the count, of Petilano waited on 
the king fi>r the first tinte since they had 
been made prisoners. 

The next day, which was Maunday- 
Thuisday^ the 16th of April, the king heard 
divioe service in the church of St John, a 
hsndsome bwlding, and attenc^od (^ liT in 
Fmnoi^) on thirteen jK>or pers^nf^^wbOiV^^iirf^ 
iwshed and waiteci on aJt ,^nn^r, and pfer 
Kftted 1»ith *birte«i <srowi«, ;, ,Thfi serpop 

was preached on that and the two following 
days by master Pinelli, a doctor of divinity 
in the university of Paris. 

On Easter-day^ the 19th of April, the 
kin^ was confessed in the church of St 
Peter, adjoining to his lodgings, and then 
touched for the evil a second tinie; after 
which he heard mass in the church of St 
John, and in the evening a sermon by doc 
tor Pinelli. — Wednesday, the 22d, the king 
went to see the tiltings, the lists for which 
had been erected near ta a church founded 
by the Anjou^race of kings of Sicily, where 
were many of the nobility and ladies of 
Italy. These justings lasted from Wednes* 
day until the fiirst of May : the holders of 
them were Cha:tillon and Bourdillon, and 
the assailants were very numerous,— and 
excellent deeds of arms were done on each 

On Sunday, being the feast of St Janu- 
arius, the king heard mass in the cathedral 
or church of St Januarius, where many 
cardinals, bisho[A, and prelates attended. 
The head of St Januarius was publicly dis« 
played to the king, and some of his blood 
in a glass bottle t it was congealed like 


a stone, as the king proved by touching 
it with a small rod of silver; but no sooner 
was it placed near to the head than it began 
instantly to melt, and become liquid, to the 
astonishment of many who viewed this mi- 

The prelates of the church said, that by 
means of this miraculous head and hroodi 
of St Januarius, they were made acquaint- 
ed with the success pf their petitions to 
God ; for when their prayers had been 
propitious, the blood became liquid, — but 
. when otherwise, it remained hard. They 
were likewise by this means informed as to 
the dispositions of their prince, and whether 
he was to reign over them or not, which 
seemed very extraordinary. 

On Monday, the 4th of May, the king 
cent Jean du Bois, Fontaines, and the 
.master of the household de Bresse, to make 
an. inventory of, all the stores, and other 
effects, in the Castel del Ovo, — for there 
ap^peared to be such quantities of provision» 
and of other things, that the value seem- 
ed inestimable. During this time, the 
king visited several places in the neigh- 
boyrhood of Naples; such as the grotto 




which Virgil had pierced with such sub- 
tile art through a high mountain on the 
seashore of Naples, which is a wonderful 
thing, as there is no other road but through 
this subterraneous passage, as all who have 
seen it can testify, A little further on is 
the Solfeterra, where- sulphur is made, — ^ 
and there are natural fires beneath the sur- 
face that are always burning : the king saw 
them make sulphur. There are, likewise 
near, many springs of hot water as well 
As of cold ; and in a valley of this moun* 
tain is a hole through which comes such an 
impetuous wirid that it supports in the air 
stones, and pieces of wood, that are thrown 
into it,— ^ and it is said that the heat is very 
great within this hole, /The king visited 
another remarkable spot" where alum is 
made, iiid saw the whole process. Near to 
this last place is^ a cavern having a deadly 
quality ; for whatever is thrown in pmshes 
instantly, as was proved before the king 
on an ass and cat, which, on^ being tbrowii 
in, were suddenly killed*^. The king, hav- 

* This must be tbe Grotto del Cane^ pot far from 
the Solfaterra. Although small animals perish, yet 
I doubt whether an ass could be thrown in, or would 
be so suddenly killed. 


hig seen bll that was most curious, returaed 
to Naples for the night. 



Tuesday, the 12th of May, the king^ hav- 
ing Ik^SLvd vfi^m in the church of th€ AiHion- 
ciada> left. Naples after dinner for Poggio 
B^ale,-^whefe all the princes^ and nobles 
of France, and Italy were assembled, to ac- 
com|)aay f him in his puUic eatry intoNA«> 
ples> a$ king of France,; Sicily, and Jerusa-* 
lena. He was dressed in royal robes^ and 
made. a nxo^t splendid. and triumphant en* 
try, and theijioeforw&rd. was. called Charles 
Csesar AugMstus. : la his right hand was 
the glojbfe, and his sceplire in the left, — and 
his mantle, waB of tw^ scarlet trimmed with 
ermine, having a deep fall-down collar, or* 
namented with ermines' tails also, with a 
brilliant crown on his head. The horse he 
rode was as grandly caparisoned as possible. 

16 / 

to suit his state: and over itiii head vrfi» 
borne a splendid canopy by tKe highest no^ 
bility of Naples, who were surrounded by 
the king*s valets richly dressed in cloth of 
gold: the provost of the household with 
his archers oji foot attended on hitn on 
each side. The seneschal of Beaucaire re? 
presented the constable of Naples,-^and the 
lord de Montpensier preceded him, Itand-* 
soraely mounted, and dressed as viceroy 
and lieutenant-general of Naples. 

The prince of Salemum was present^ to- 
gether with the great lords of France, of 
the blood royal/ and knights-companions 
of die king's order; such as, the lord de 
]&?esse> the lord de Foix, the lord de Lux- 
embourg, the lord de Vendome, and others 
without number, all dressed in mantles like 
to what the king wore. In short, the en- 
try was most magnificent; and the nobility 
of Naples, with their ladies, presented to 
the king their children of ten, twelve, and 
fifteen years of age, requesting of him to 
make them knights^ which he did with his 
own haiid,— and it was a splendid spec- 

The prelates and clergy came out to 


meet him ip the i^ichest copes^ bearing relics^ 
and conducted him tx> the cathedral, where 
on the high altar were disjdayed, as be*^ 
fore, the head and blood of St Januarius^ 
In front of the^altar, the king swore to 
protect his new subjects, and to preserve 
them in their liberties and privileges, which 
gave universal satisfaction, — ^and great re- 
joicings were made on this occasion, and 
also for this happy arrival, and the great 
good he had promised thengi. 

The king was, after this, conducted to 
his palace, where^ daring several days, he 
received embassies from different parts of 
his Jkingdom ; such as Calabria, I4 Puglia« 
L'AbruzzQ, to do homage, and to inquire 
rei^ctii^. the manner in which they were 
to be governed by a viceroy when the kipg 
should be absent, as was natural for them. 
On Mon4ay,<tl)e ISthrOf May, tibe j^ingQr* 
dered a grand supper to be prepared at tbcf 
Castel Nuovo, where he gave a ; i^umptu* 
oiys banquets to his princes and nobles, lieat? 
ed i^t two tables^ in ,the great ha^l of th^ 
castlCf fto which was. an ascent by several 
stone steps. ^ Th(^. grand sen^hal of N^leg 
served t^e whole^ of the suppej*, superbly 

vdL. xii. . c ^ 

mtfaiit6A, tA& clothed in white, mUh ab&ii- 
datiC6 of trumpets and clarions sounding. 
AfbbT iupptr, the king received the homage 
<5f all the lotds, ahd then returned to sleep 
ft' his palace. 



i » 

WiD*tJsi>At, the 20th of May, the kingi 
hsring' heard mass with great ^kmmty at 
fittb chuF6h 6F the Anhodciada, dined at th« 
^ala6e ; aft^ whidh, th^ nobility of Naples 
waitied on him to take leave. They were 
i^aiiettibted tn the great hall, where the king 
tttAveA tfk&m gra<noAsly, and kindly bade 
tiMm^ldt^t at the same time j hepr<esented 
tib thent the lord d6 Mbntpensier, as their 
ticeroy aud gorernor during his dbseiiee; 
Whe^ tills Wtts done, the kit^ departed from 
Kapleii, attended by a gallant company of 
lofds a^d gentlemen, men at arms, Swiss 
and ■ Germans, and slept that fiight at 
Aversa, on his return to France-. - ' 


•< J 



The king, » I have said^ left Na|)iM' on 
the 30th of May, and halM' st A^fMk 
Outfae 21sfc, hq iiiajrched ifrooiiAvena to 
Capcuu Oa ihi) morfomr, the: dined aiid 
slept at the bishop's palace in Sezzai*^; - amI 
<iikib«'8ait»irdaifv « bBtirsthboiC t6 'enter 
G«k^t» to relirosh himsell^ tiie castlfi -M 
tiot^n aikl obHlniti^ 'iiie rdad, 'do - llk^t ihi 
returhftd to Se22Sifi~^but ot^' >th;0:- Stth<%V 
when the dkuft^ httd boMi lispaiMd, £• 
prod^eded ftnd lety M . M^HvCe CftsdBol 
lUenee he passe^d to Ponte-coHd,' to €f^ 
tm^ne, and to FiiM'entitio, ftl'^sdt c5ty; 
tii^d tihder an inteidibt from pbp^ Ai&s&iH 
der, because the i^stbitants had' rtrtirdei'cd 
and cuif' off thie fernis of thieir MsHop, trhb 
was a Spaniard, ft* "having befeil obstinate 
in supporting king' itiphoiud ^gabst the 
king of France. Tkis Iwtdf wcWld trot havte 


been able to have heard mass that day, if 
he had not before had full powers given 
him to order the celebration of the mass in 
all places, according to his good pleasure. 
On Friday, the 29th, the king ad- 
vanced for the night to Valmontone, where- 
in were many who hated the French, be- 
iWUS9.tbey had destroyed and hurpt Monte- 
Fortioo : nflveetheless, he proceeded to Ma^ 
jino. . the next , day, an{l halted there tiH 


. On Monday the first of June, the king 
ycTeotered Ron\e, on :his. Return to France, 
.ai^d Wftsiodged in the;pal&ce of the oardi- 
pal de St ;Qement, near to St Peter's^ 
He /was grp^odly; accompanied by his no*- 
lilies, gQntl^men pensioners, . m«n at arnoiSi 
crp^STbowmen, Swiss ^ and Germans; and 
because pope Alexander, was absent ^ he 
posted his men in different parts of t^e 
town, to check any insolence of the Ro- 
mans. Having doiie thi^, he wei^ to St 
Peter^s, to return his thanksgivings to God. 
On Wednesday, he lef^. Rome, dined at 
Isola» and lay a^ CampanoUe. Friday he 

*The pope >i^d flad to Orvi^to, conscious at 
having deceived the king, and fearful of ^consequences. 


advanced to R6nciglione» and the same 
day entered Viterbo with his whole army, 
where he was as well received as before. 
He remained in Viterbo until Whitsunday 
was passedj to perform his .devotions, and 
tisit the body, of St Rosa. 

Qn the 8th of June, the king supped 
and lay in the town of Monte Fiascone, 
celebrated for its muscadine wines,-^and 
thence, continuing his march through La 
Faille and other places, arrived at Sienna* 
the inhabitants of which came out to wel* 
come him, magnificently dressed, and with 
the i^me ceremonies as at the first of his 
coming thithei:. 

The king marched firom Sienna on 
the 17th of June for Poggiobondi, where 
he lay, and staid the following morning, 
on account of its being the feast of the 
holy sacrament, and attended the proces* 
sion to high mass ^ with great devotion. 
A^v dinner he advanced to Chateau Flo* 
rentin,— «and on the morrow he dined at 
Campane, near to Florence; but he did 
not enter Florence on his retutn, for, 
under pretence of being in the trench in- 
terest, the town of Pont-Yelle had been 

^atorday, the SOth of June, the kin^ 
entered Pisa^ where he vrt» received witfa^ 
every honour and submksioii. He tstaidl 
there tvro days, and on the Tuesday fol- 
Ibwing dined at Pommart, and dept at 
liiicca, where, in return fer bis handsome 
Heception, he took the town under hk pro* 
tection. He marehed through Pietm 
Santa, and arrir^ on the Saturday, at 
Sarsaigne^, where he had inteiligendt of 
the junction of the duke of Milan witli 
the Venetians* For this reason, he would 
BOt isleep at Villa Franca, bnt encamped 
im army on the other side of the river, 
where he supped, and waited fw the ar- 
rival of his artillery^ and the rear of his 

The king left his cam^ at Villa Franoa, 
oil the 30th of June, to he^urmass at a \sa» 
nionastery n^ to Pontrenudi; for the 
Germans had burnt that town, in revenge 
lor the murdera of some of their country- 
men by the inhabitants, en their march, 
to Naples. After dinner, the king en- 
camped at the foot of the Appenines, and 


there remained until ];ii$ artillery had passed 
the mountains. The lord de la Trimouill^ 
and Jean de la Grange were charged with 
tim busioessy^-^nd although there wttp, 
plenty of hands- they had gn^ difficul- 
ties, on account of the rocks. On the 
3d of July, and th^ foUpwing day, the 
king jcrossed the Appenines, and passed 
through Verceil and Cassano, «^ i^r 
camped hi9 army Dear to Borga de 
Taxo, where he lay, under the security of 
strong guards. Sunday, thp 4^t^ of July* 
the king heard mass iu his oamp, f^pd diMil 
at Foronuovo ^, wliere h« fonqed hte pteft 
for the order of battle, ii^ith a vmn My^ 
a vao and reserve, ao4 htcving ib^xjifuul 
^guards established* 

^* ForonuoTp,*-^ight nujles from Pargp." - 





On Monday the 6th of July, in the year 
1495, the french army was encamped ad- 
joining to the valley of Taro, <ihout two 
miles from Foronuovo, and four from Par- 
,»». -n^nce maided that gallant prince. 
Charley VIII. of the name, king of France, 
accompanied by those valiant captains be- 
fore ' mentioned, and about eight or nine 
thousand courageous men at arms» te 
meet from fifty to sixty thousand Lom- 
bards, Venetians, Estradiots f, and others, 
his enemies. The marquis of Mantua was 
commander of the Venetian^ : count Galeas 
Sforza was the representative of his bro- 
ther, Ludovico duke of Milan, and the 
lord of Ferrara commanded the rest of the 
traitors, in company with other captains. 

* Estradiots,— a sort of light horse, or a militia^ 


The king was armed from head to 
foot in a roanncsr becoming so great a 
prince. Over his armour he wore a 
jacket, with short sleeves, of a white and 
violet colour, -besprinkled with crosses of 
Jerusalem. His helmet was magnificently 
ornamented with festthers^ — and he was ac- 
coutred like a good man at arms, with 
sword, dagger, spear and battle-axe. He 
1^ mounted on a powerful black horse^ 
called ^voj/;, whose caparison was of the 
same colours with the king*s jacket, and 
besprinkled with similar small crosses. 
The king was surrounded by very able 
and trusty advisers to direct him, having 
under them about two thousand men, 
who afterwards gave good proofs of their 

When the french army had been 
properly arranged, and the artillery was 
ready, they began to advance toward the 
enemy^in such wise as the ground served 
them. The Italians not knowing in what 
division of the army the king had posted 
hunself, sent a herald, under pretence of 
asking something from him, — ^and the he- 
rald^ on his return, told them the manner 


in which the king was accoutred. They 
now began to xrwjye, and. taking adv>a»tagc 
dfa favourable 5iitnation, discharged a hea^vy 
piece of artillery at the v^n of tfee frencbf 
tvhich wounded and killed s^veral^ dthoygh 
it did not break their ranks, nor c^^ise 
any gres^t con&sion. A sl^ip oajooonadiog 
followed ; but the king's artillery did ^e^t 
mishief to the enemy, and killed one of 
their principal cannoniers, as wai^ kn^wa 
from a trumpeter that was soon after mad^ 
prisoner. The king's artillery was sp well • 
served that the Italians \fnere forced to i^ 
treat, having noticed th^ ei&ceUent order 
in which the French were ^waaed. 

It was wonderiiil tQ observe the ceoi 
and determined valour lof the gall^itf; 
king, both in actions, and in speedi^^ t^ 
those about his person : < How $ay you, 
my lords and friends ? Are you not v^r 
solved to serve me well to-day ? and will 
you not live and die with .roe?' Then 
having heard their answers, he cpntinucd^ 
* Be of good courage, and not Mraid; for 
although they be ten times our number, 
— ^which is the case, as I know for certain^ 
—yet we have justice on our , ^w^, fpg 

I ' 


3irbich I put iny confidence in Godi that 
lie will be pleased to give u» the vtetoiy 
over our enemies. I have aliso hopes that 
1^ will fight this day on our «de, and that? 
through his gracious favour^ we shall again 
triumphfad w^ hoye done throughotit the 
whole of this expedition^ and return to 
Finance wilth honour to ourselves, tbrou^ 
Im niercifiil kindness/ Such, or nearly si* 
milar» Were the words with which this var 
lorow icing, doasoled and encmiraged all 

Tlte enemy were much surprised at 
itke ^ood order of the Freoeh ; «ad fao «n* 
deavour to bsreak it, they sent a detacb^ 
meiit of Estradiots, and some Albanians, 
across a^hill, to &U on the baggage. Those 
who had the guard of it h^ hoin very 
negligent in not keeping themselves in 
readiness, to rei^t an attack, hy reason of 
scone dispute amoilg thems^ves, fifr whkjh 
they suffered ; butM was not wucbi as shall 
be told h^reafter^ — iand tbe amiy remained 

The I^iana, «ecang thitj, tcait & herald 
to the king to demand 9 tmee. The king 
•n^ed,^' If tim^iiviflh for a tnuDe* let then 

28 - 

meet me between the two armies.' But 
he afterward sent to them, to say, that if 
they would, through friendijhip, allow him 
and his army a free passage to France^ 
it was all he wanted, otherwise he would 
force his passage in spite of them. 

The Lombards and Venetians, hearing 
this message from the king's herald; de* 
tained him, and resolved instantly to charge 
the Flinch, like madmen. *>ey we.«p«- 
ticularly desirous to attack the division 
where the king was, to put him to death, 
—-but God was that day ' his Protector. 
The advanced guard, perceiving the enemy 
thus hastily mdrching, informed the king 
of their gaining the woods and bushes ; 
on which he crossed the bed of the Taro,' and 
each army was in sight of the other. In fact, 
the Italians were handsomely equipped and 
mounted, and advanced with the appear- 
ance of a determined courage, as they 
were far superior in numbers to the 
French. Their best meii were placed in 
front, — and the first onset was very severe 
on both sides. As they had been informed 
by their herald how the king was dressed, 
their chirf attadc was made on bis divi- 


isioB^ and with such sucoess that they • a^ 
yanced. to his person ; but he displayed 
great iralour, and was so heartily seconded- 
by those near him that the enemies were 
completely repulsed, with immense slaugh- 
ter ; ^even the boldest among them attri- 
buted their highest honour to him who 
could fly th^ fastest; for when they saw 
the day was lost, the. best piece of all- 
their armour was the point of thair spurs. 
Only one man of rank was made 
prisoner oh the side of the Frendi, name- 
ly, Matthew bastard cff Bburbcto, who had 
most valiantly defended the king, aM he 
was taken when pursuing the eneihy up 
to their lines. Not more than nine or 
ten firench gentlemen were killed, although 
their enemies were ten to one against 
them^ the greater part of whom saved 
themsielves by flight This proves, beyond 
a doubt, that Divine Providence assisted 
the French, and gave them the victory over 
their djv^oyjd enemies, ^ vho.. wei^e^ ;con- 
qviered iQ :so v^ry short a ^pace of time<^ 
^e ]ai)g. . rpmaine4 the whole of the dayi 
armed; and on hprsebacki and until thiei 
firbole ifff i^ ^nny had retired wttbin 


it^r cattip. Thither came amba«adon to' 
him from the Italians, to demand the pri^ 
amers ; but they were answered, that they 
daould not be restored^-^whicb astonished 
them greatly, as they feared that some of 
their finst nobility had been either killed 
or made prisoners. 

The king and his nobleii, in sign of 
triumph and victory, supped and lay on 
the fieU of battle,~^where they ate and 
drank what Jthey could find, and as it 
pleased God, to whom they gave their 
most hnoiide thanksgivingt^ and praisei 
for dieir succete, as indeed they wer^ 
bounden to do« 



ItfiTURN TO l^RANCfi. 

. . . • . ' f ■•.'... 

Ott tb^ moiYdW of di0 bat^ ^ Foro- 
nuoTb; «bi9 7tfe of July, tfee> iamgi sftor 
heoriog'esitiy'niasfi, dtc^mp^d ^oto: ^at^ 
ForotmiftOf and posted his AttaY^ aii d<v 
tiitMl fiituitkRi cailed Magdtelan; il%ou«hidf 


fL fi^ench kagtie from his late camp, wh^tf 
he remained the whole day. The com* 
manden of the ailiillery made such drli<^ 
gence in bringing up the cannon that 
th«y 1^6*e pla^ round the king, as was 
usual lA such cases. Hie king marched 
kwfty, Oti the Wednesday, with his army and 
aftiikry^ and repassed several towns where* 
in he had'hsdt^ on his advance to Naples, 
notwitttettoiding the attempts of tht enemy 
to prevent it* He came at length' to Nq*< 
vAra^ jttUd delivered the duke of Orleans, 
wb^ had been shut up in that town; 
with a party of hid men, by the ttaitot 
Ludovico of MUan. Thence the king 
]9to6eeded td Asti attd to VercelH, wher6 
the duke of Orleans came to meet him; 
ttie king received hirii with much frierid- 
ship, and they supped together. < 

On Friday, the 2d of October in thift 
year, the lord de Venddme died in the 
town of Vercelli. His death was much 
tattientt^ by the king and his nobles, for 
1i* Wa« a ftotable printe. The follorwing 
Tiie«day, tlle king had a funeral service 
pdtfbirfliied n^ith much solemnity in the 
ct^iCidVal^'bttKli 4c:4i<^ted to St Eusd- 


• ■ 

bius, where great grief was maiiilested 
by all the assistants; and afterward his 
body was transported to France, to be in* 
terred among his ancestors. 

On Wednesday, the 7th of October, 
the bishop of Sion arrived at Vercelli, 
with a body of Swiss, hprse and fix)t, and 
others from the german allies of the king, 
for his better security. The. king thanked 
the bishop for his friendship, and . ^nandly 
feasted hiqii and the troops he had brought. 

The next : day, ambassadors can^e . to . 
the king firpm Ludovico of Milan aj^d < the 
Venetians,, and earnestly, demaoded a 


treaty, having witnessed the strength, of' 
the, king, and the enterprising courage of 
his troops,;— when a treaty was agreed to, 
on much better terms than they deserv^. 
, On Saturday, the 10th of Octo- 
ber, the king heard mass in the church 
of the Cordeliers in. Vercelli, adjoin- 
^g his lodgings; ^nd after his dinner^ 
he proceeded to Trino, where he halted 
until the 15th of October, when he went 
to Crescentino, and from this place, by 
many days march, arrived at Grenoble, 
passing through the following towns ; S)}^« 


laiis» Seasia*, Turin, Quiers^ Rivoli, Suzl^ 
firian^on, N9tre Dame d'Embnn, Savines, 
3aint Eusebe, La Meuref , and Tault near 
to Grenoble. He arrived at Grenoble 

• ■ . ' 

^ut vespers, on the 27th of October ; and 
all rs^s of people went out in procession^ 
and made another pi^lic entry for him 
on his return fr<Hn the campaign of Italy. 
The king, being unwell^ remained 
in Grenoble until the 3d of November, 
when he set out for Lyon, passing tl^ough 
the towns of St Rambert, where he staid 
some days, Sillans, X^a Cote St iVndr^, an4 
Chatonay,-irom which last place be^ ad-, 
vaticed nearer to Lyon, where he slept. 
;^ On Saturday^ the 7th of Novem^ 
ber, having dined at Venisseu, he pro- 
ceeded to Lyon, whence all the church- 
men came otit iq grand procession, dressed 
in their robes, and bearing rdiics, to meet 
and welcome him on his return froiQ 
Italy, .He made a public entry into Lyon, 
as Idng of Jerusalem, Naples, and Sicily, 
9tteiide4 by ^\\ the municipal officers, and 

♦ Sessja; Q. Borgo de Sessia f ^ 
^ t La Meur«, Q- La Meyrie? in the electi(m of 

VOL. x«. y> 



persons of rank m ihat town, handsomely 
^ dressed; He was conducted triumphantly 
through the streets, accompanied hy' ttie 
nobles and captains, who were looked at 
with pleasure in consequence of the nohlt^ 
victory they had gained over such superior 
numbers. The streets and squares were 
hung with tapestries : bonfires and mysteries 
Were exhibited in lill the open spaces 
through which the king passed, in hi$ 
way to the archbishop's palace, that had 
been prepared for his lodgings. ' 'HeVe the 
que^ and the duchess of Bouiflbori liis 
sister were Waiting, with many noble la- 
dies and damsels, impatient to receivie him'; 
and indeed he was deserving of such eager- 
ness. " '• *' 
The king held most sumpttibus justfe 
at three different places in Lyoh: at La 
Grenette in front of the convent of ^oi> 

deliers, in tlie Juerie, ^nd befdre' l3^e pi^ 

'. . . ' ' ' ' ^ 

la<ie : 4t all of tiiferii, he wd,s foremost tt> 
bffer himself, and performed many gallant 
feats with lance and sword, on horsdback 
and on foot, as did several others of the 
fi-etich lords^ In mcmoryv of thesct justs, 
three stone columns were ^rectedj-^^-^Mid td 

this day there exist the latin verses that 
were inscribed on them, for king Charles 
was the principal tenant of the lists. 

Prior to the expedition to Naples, the 
king had the body of the seraphic doo 
tor, St Bonavehture, raised with great 
pomp from his tomb in the church of 
the Cordeliers, — and the duke and duchess 
of Bourbon had liis shrine after waixi covered 
with plates of silver.^ The king, at the sttme 
time, founded the convent of the Cordeliers 
of die Observance in the city of Lyon, which 
is become a place of much devotion. 

When the king had staid sdtVie dfilys ift 
Lyon, lie resolved to pursue hSs journey^ 
to pay his devotions at the abbey of ^ 
Denis, and rettim thence to Amboisie,— 
which he did,' ad shall be hereafter rfr- 
lated. ^ ^ . : . 

In the year 1496, the sqn of the kitig 
of Spain died,-— krid the same year died 
the dAe of Savoy, ^vHtio \^as saidi by those 
lately returned froni Itaiy> to have poisoned 
the Si^hoie coiintiy of Fiednioht. 

. ..Ir . • ./ ^ ■ •-. ' . • .. ,. • • . .. ^ 



i { ■'.' \' > tf 


•• jf 


'' ,-' 'I : i.. n :.: 

D S 




When king Chaxle$ had made some stay 
in Lyon, and had witnessed the tilts and 
tournaments jthat had been performed at 
Moulins^ in th^ Bourbonnois, he proceeded 
to the abbey of St Denis, to accomplish 
the vow of pilgrimage he had made, and 
to offer up his thanksgivings to God for 
tike brilliant victories he had obtained 
over his enemies, and for tihe successful 
issue of his expedition to Naples. He 
weiit likewise to St Denis, to replace the 
blessed bodies of the holy martyrs^ who 
repose there^ that had been takei^ down 
from their niches when the king set put 
on his Italian expediJtipn. 

It is an anctent and praiseworthy 
custom, that when the most Christian 
kings of France undertake any foreign 
expedition in person, they supplicate th«t 


ttd and intercession of the glorious martyr^ 
St Denis^ and his companions Saint Rusti* 
cus and Saint Eleutherus. The shrines of 
these saints are, in consequence, taken 
down from their niches on the king^s quit* 
ting his kingdom, and deposited in a pri(» 
vate part of the church. These holy 
bodies, thus deposited, cannot be replaced 
in their former situations until the king 
^all return to St Denis from his foreign 
expedition, whether it had been for con^ 
quest or pleasure. 

King Charles, therefore, having been' 
victorious throughout Italy, followed the 
pious custom of his ancestors the kings of 
France. He made a devoiit pilgrimage, 
to St Denis,— and the shrines of the mar- 
tyrs were, . by him, replaced in their seve- 
ral niches, in the presence of the great 
barons of France. The king would neither 
pass noi repass through Paris on this pil« 
ipnmage,^ for reasons that moved him so 
to do, but which I omit, to avdd prolixity. 
FtMTthis cause, when he lefl St Denis, he 
tock hk road through St Antoine de» 
-Champs, thenoe over Le Pont-deoChaleQ- 


ton*, and through BeauCe, strait to tfe*^; 
castle of Amboise, where h^ tout)d the 
queen and many lords and ladiess pf hi*- 
noble » blood. He was received there by 
thef' inhabitants .with the utmost joy and 

He bad not been long at Amboise 
before he heard of the treacherv of the 
Neapolitans^ and the death of the noble 
Gilbert lord of Montpensier. The re- 
maining captains, unable to support them- 
selves in Naples after his loss, returned 
home as well as they could ; for . those 
traitors of Liombardy and Naples had sud* 
denly risen in rebellion,-^and they could 
nbt possibly receive succours in time ihmi 
France, had they attempted to hold t)ut 
against them, from the great distance. 

King Charles made preparations to 
avenge himself on, them for their treachery 
and infidelity,---^t he had over-exerted 
himself in his late expeditioni His con^ 
stitutidn, which wcte naturally feeble^ bc^ 
came 'daily worse : whence it faapjDenied^ 

that aS fae was "diking on^ day in a g^alfery 

* • .■. •••• • 


* Pont de Chalenton. Q. Cbarenton ? 

el*, the cadUe of Amboise with the qvieeh^ 
anii amusing^ 'himsolf by: looking at aome 
leimis-pla^rs^ . he was ! i suddenly seized 
with a fit, and died shortly afber^ in the 
twehty^eighth year of his age, and in the 
month of April in the year 1497. Msf 
God have m^ey on his >soal ! 

J • 

. » 

r • 



for! Kllifb'' CHARLES' yill. OF FRANCE, 


. ' ' ■ . • . • • • • ■ 

After the decease of king Chari^s VIIL 
whosie ^oul may God^ pardon I ' a very so- 
ktiftn; funeral serrice' was perform^ aC' 
Amboise,' in the -church of 6t Florent^ 
by the reverend cardinal ^ lord John 
P«fiiule» assisted by inany prelates, great- 
Ibrds, and other persons. « There were im* 
f^i^nse numbers of»s and torches, 
and greM «lms were distributed. When 
^ta» wirriee was over, the king^s heart 
wa<( carried for interment to the church 
of Ndt]re Iktteie ^e Clery, near to that of 


bb ^ate fitthar. The body^ with the re^ 
presentation of hk figure over it/ was 
borne in soirowful pomp to the church 
(^ our Lady in the fields, in the suburbs 
of Paris^ wjiere it was watched all night 
by. istome \ of his most confidential friends^. 
On the morrow morning, a grand pro- 
cession came out of Paris^ conbisting of all 
the clergy with their crosses, the four 
orders of mendicant friars, th^ members 
of the court of parliament and of the other 
courts of justice, the provosts, sherifl&j, 
and inhabitants dressed in mourning, to 
the church of our Lady in the Fields, — 
where were waiting the great lords, oflScers^ 
p^tge^of hQa0ttr,:f€Lrtd. others, to the num-^ 
bei: of ^ore! th^n. seven thousand persons^ 
dad . in > finouming, / with hoods,--*and^ ac- 
cording to^heu^^; ceremony, conducted 
the body 'to : the calhedral-churcb of our 
tiady in Paris. There were four hun-^ 
dred torches, ornamented with escutcheons 
of -three . flowers de luce, carried by 
four faundired poor men, dressed in black 
cloaks ^nd hoods. A. solemn fuAeral ser«: 
vice : was performed in the church of Nd^ 
tr« D^ine; after whid^ ttie body was ear 


lied with the same ceremohies through 
Paris to the ahbey of St Denis, where 
another serrice was solemnly performed 
for the deceased, and presents of money 
given to all the assistants in making the 
dferings at the 'mass, and great alms dis- 
tributed to the poor. 

When the accustomed ceremonies 
had been finished, the body of king 
Charles was interred in the sepulchre that 
had been prepared for him ; after which 
there was a grand dinner given to all the 
assistants in honour of the late king, to 

_ * 

whose soul may God graciously grant his 
pardon! Amen. 

CHAP. IX^ . 



' ' ' -S ' ' • 

Oh the 23d of Mayi in the year 1498, 
.Louis duke of Orleans, son to the late duke 
Charies, ; was . consecrated king of France, 
in the same ' mann^ i as his predecessors 
had beeo, in the cathedral of Rheims. 
He was the twelfth who had borne the 
aame <^ Lpuis^ and the; fifty *ftfth king 
of JE'jranqe*..; 



At ,il)is; .ceremony ^tRheims weie thcsi 
twe^y^ peem . of Franoft Or their substit 
tutesi, ) , For th^ duke of - Burgundy appeared 
the duke 9f Alen9on ; for tlie duke of Nor-^ 
mandy, the duke of Lorraine ; for the dtike 
of HiJuieDne, the dukeof .Bourbcwi; ibirthe^ 
earl of Flanders, the lord de Ravensfeein ; 


for die ^i;l ,of Champagne^ the lord An<^ 
gillebert of Cleves ; for the i^l of Toulouse; 
the lord of Foist. iAIinost the whole bf 
the: fireuiQh . nobim:yi Wer>e present «t the 
ceremony, w):iich was $oleami^. in tiite 
ys^al mode) to that of i forjoiier kingSt by 
tihie c^din^ , of St Malo,. arcbbii^hop of 


Immediately after, • the king made 
knights of his order of St Michael the 
lord de Taillebourg, the ' lofd des Pierres, 
lord de Ifi. Qrvture, the^rd de Qejrieux. 
He created also knights to the amount of 
ffitkt score; among whom iwOTe- the> Ictfd 
dei Mydainsi iit Claude de' Morit-rOr terd 
of Chdteto-aeuf, de Salaztrit, d.tid otihm, 
loo numerous to * niicme. When these 
things' were done, the 'king ovdev^d {Mre^ 
raitons for his entry into -Paris. 

• ' On the ' 1st of My, the ki»g wan 
crowned in the church of St Deiii&, aftcwr^ 


t}ke manner of his predecessors/ HIngs of 
fjance. On the morrow he mad/e >i^; trip 
umphant entry into Paris, and ^ppped ;at 
tjvi palace* .When all these sole^uii^ies 
were ended, each person withdrew^ $p differ 
i^nt plac^, as ordered bytheking-i The 
first who made any opposition to . Ij^im was 
the lord de Vergy,-^but the war was soon 
^ded in Burgundy. ..p 

The duke de Valentinois, said to be 
the son of pope Alexander VII.* arrived at 
Lyon on the. 18th of October, and made; 
his public entry into that city. ,, The king 
had given him the county : of Valentinoisf , 
—and he was now come to France to con- 
dude • ius j mariiage ydth.the daughter oi 
the lord d'Albret. Thi&,dufce was aUo a 
cs^inal ; -l^ut he had, l/^i that dignity be- 
hind him, s|nd appeared in seculajr, clothes 
Yith th^ utflficpt jpomp , ^ , grandeuc, , . 

The 2^ and 3d oi 5^ember, the wiijd 
wspi so high.' at Lyon;, that the greatest 

alarm was caused by it ; and the custo- 

\ '.• '• . ' •. . 

* Tbis waft the notorious Casar Borgia,-^ a wor- 
thy son of so wwtby a father ! 

t Valeatinoisy'^a Gouiily on the RbAne : Valence 
is the capital. 


dium^ in -which the hosts were kept, oil' 
the high altar, in the church of the Cor^ 
deliers, was burst open, owing to a broken 
pane in the window, and the sacred wafera 
blown all about the church, to the great 
scaildal of devout persons. It happened 
somewhat before eight o'clock in the 

This year, the king gave the princess 
Jane of France the duchy of Berry ; and, 
for the benefit of the realm, i he espoused, 
by a dispenisation from pope' Alexander 
VII. the widowed ' queen of France, Anne 
of JBrittany,* which was of the grefeitest 
public utility. ^ 

In the course, erf' this year 1499, the 
head of St Bonaventure was depositedt 
in a very rich shrine of silver, in the 
church of the Cordeliers at Lyon, — ietnd 
a most solemn procession was niade on 
the occasion by the friars of the convent. 
On the 10th of June, in this year, the 

^ Her fate seems to hlive destined her to many 
those who, to obtain her, were forced to be'divotced. 
Charles VIII. was betrothed to Margaret of Flanders^ 
and Louis XI(. was married to the daughter of 
Louis XL 


king made his /public entry into Lyon« 
which was very magnificent. The streets 
were hung with tapestries, — ^and many 
iine myst^es were represented in the 
squares. He was very anxious to recover 
possession of the Milanese, and had sent 
thither a large army, which, within fifteen 
days, reconquered Milan, on the 4th of 
September. Duke Ludovico was in the 
town, and narrowly escaped being tjstken^ 
by quitting the place in disguise. The 
town of Alexandria della Paglia*, having 
shown much hatred to the French, was 
plundered, and the greater part of it de- 

When the king heard of the capture 
of Milan, he left Lyon, giving orders to 
the lord de Bersac to * destroy all the 
benches and awnings before the doors in 
that city. He made his pubKc entry 
into Milan, and regulated its government. 

On the Friday before AU-souls-day, in 
this year, the bridge of Notre Dame, at 
Paris, feil down, which was a heavy loss ; 


* Alexandria ddla Pi^lia-ris about %^ xniM 
frpm Milan. 

if ' . > 


arid the king sent thither John de Doyac 
to superintend the immediate construction 
of anothief. * 

The yekr 1500 was a grand year of 
jubilee at Rome, cielehrated by pope- 
Alexander VII. and attended hy great 
numbers. There would havie been more^ 
if, on the od of January, duke Ludovica 
Sforza had not, in person, regained Milan^ 
by the aid of a considerable body of 
Germans. He won the town through the 
treason of the inhabitants, who surrendered 
themselves to him ; but the French fought 
valiantly, and kept possession of the castlis^^ 
whence they battered the town, ' 

Several Frenchmen, going to the ju-i 
bilee at Rome, were murdtsred at the inni 
on the ro^d,— which' being discovered^ 
justice Vas done ' oh the perpetrators b^^ 
burning their /houses, with *theh-^ inhabi- 
tants, to serve W examples to' atiothersi 
The duke of Milan, Ludovico Sforza; gave 
a ducat to everjr otie who brbtight hiin th^ 
head of a Frehchnian . The count Oayache 
and his wife now came to France ; he 
was brother to the late Galeas "Visconti. 

On the I9th of March m this year. 



the queen of France made a second pub- 
lie entry into Lyon, the streets being hung 
with tapestry, and several beautiful myste- 
rtes i^rescfnted; About eight days after, 
tt'nidmbetiJf priscfeetsof wsir were brought 
before tih^ fcing; at ^ Lyon, for having broken 
f heii* dtffhs, at which the public gteatly 

» ,. . » 

< V ,.:•■■'> 


■ ' . ' . • • • • 



On Thursday befOTe* Palm-Sundky, the 
French in Italy acted, with such vigour 
that : <luke Ludovico fled from Novara 
w«th one hundred hdrse, abandoning his 
army and artillery in that town. ' When 
the french captains approached, i burguri- 
dkn leader, called the captain of the Yo- 
liers> came out of Novara and surr6ndered 
himself and men to Ihem. The bailiff of 
Dijon went into Novara to practise with 
the Swiss in the pay of the duke of Milan 


(about four thousand in all), who only 
asked for payment of what was due to 
them. In regard to the Lansqu^iets, th^ 
knew not how to act ; for the Swiss ui 
the king's service would not show them 
any mercy, although their captains did 
all they could tliat matters might \» 
settled without efiusion of Mood. 

There were in Novara twenty thou- 
sand combatants; eight thousand Lans- 
quenets, four thousand Swiss, eight hun* 
dred Burgundians> and the rest Lombards. 
In addition^ to these, a reinforcem^it of 
fifteen hundred men were on their march 
to join them, and within a mile of Ver- 
eelli, not including those in Vigeue.* 

Shortly after, Ludovico returned and 
marched his army out of Noyara, and 
encamped them near to the French; but 
God, knowing the usurpatio|i and wicked^ 
ness of Ludoyico> inspii^ the. French 
with courage to defend themselyes, when 
attacked by him.' Notwithstanding the 
duke of Milan thought himself certain 
of destroying the French, the matter ended 

* Yigeu*. Ct% VigeYiQp., 


without blood being spilt, and without a^ 
battle. 1 1 was said, that the L^tnsquenets, 
refused to fight against their countrymen; 
and likewise, that the duke had not paid 
his men their arrears, which made them 
unwilling to serve him. On the other 
hand, the French were determined on 
battle ; but when they marched to charge 
the milanese army,, it surrendered to them 
without striking a blow* 

The duke of Milan, observing this, 
disguised himself in the fi'ock of a cor- 
delier monk* and, by >mixing with his 
men, thought to escape.; but the lord de 
ligny and the lord de la Trimouille made 
such good arrangements with their army, 
it was impossible ; for they ordered the 
whole of the milanese force to pass under 
the pikes, so that the duke was discovered, 
made prisoner, and put under the guard of 
the French in Novara, which place had 
thrown open its gates. The lord Jean 
Jacques* was present at this conquest, 

♦ The lord Jean Jacques. TTnvulce, a MiIa-< 
' Ue^^y marquis of Vigevano, goveriior of Milah, cap- 
tain of one hundred lombafdy meti at arms and of two 
hundred archers, king^s lieutenant of the frenc^ arouer 



for he had always been faithful to the king. 
The duke had in his pay an astrologei* or 
necromancer, in whom he put great confi- 
dence ; but his astrology was of no avail to 
prevent him being made prisoner. 

According to agreements entered into 
with the milanese army, they were allowed 
to depart in safety with their arms and bag- 
gage, — but the duke and his artillery re* 
mained with the French. The lord-cardi- 
nal of Amboise was then at Vercelli^ and 
yowed the king under the protection of our , 
Lady des bonnes nouvcUes. 

Intelligence of this success came to 
the king at Lyon, the vigil of Palm-Sun- 
day, which rejoiced him exceedingly ; and 
bonfires were made in the streets, for joy 
that the French had been victorious. Im- 
mediately after, news was brought that the 
duke of Milan was a prisoner, which caused 

in Italy. He was present at the battles of Foronuovo 
and Aignadello, and held great and honourable em- 
ployments under Charles VHL, Louis XII., and 
Francois I. He was made marshal of France in I SCO, 
died in 1518. He was uncle to Theodore Trivulce^ 
governor also of Milan, and marshal of France. 

See Brantome^ voU ii« des Vies des Homines U* 
lustres €trangerSb 


the rejoicings to be repeated by all ranks of 
persons in Lyon. The children of the diike 
were sent into Germany. 




The cardinal Ascanius, brother to the duke 
of Milan, was in that city when he heard 
of the duke being a prisoner : he instantly 
departed thence, with six hundred horse 
and some artillery, accompanied by the 
higher nobility of Milan. He had also 
with him a considerable body of Estradiots ; 
and the commander of the whole was count 
John, brother to the marquis of Mantua, 
who intended to march for the Bolognese, 
— ^but it was said, that he was met by a 
Venetian captain, of the name of Soucin 
Bienson*, with a body of troops, who at- 

* Soucin Biensoni Q. 

E 2 


tacked the cardinal. At this unexpected 
onset, the cardinal cried out, * Qui vive?" 
and was answercd> ' St Mark and France!' 
The battle lasted four hours, — and the vene- 
tian captain was severely wounded, with 
many of his men, — but when the cardinal, 
who was in armour, saw the fortune of the 
day was against him, he fled to a castle 
called Rivoli, whicK was immediatiely be-i 
sieged by the Venetian. 

To make short of this matter, — ^the car-^ 
dinal lost many of his men, and the brother 
to the marquis of Mantua was ransomed* 
With this Venetian captain was another 
called Charles des Ursins. A milanese cap- 
tain, of the name of Badin, was made 
prisoner, with the abbot of Senselles, and 
four viscounts, — and upwards -of a hundred 
thousand ducats were taken^ without in-^ 
eluding the baggage. The cardinal, asr 
tonished to find himself besieged in this 
castle without provision or money, entreated 
the captain to ransom him, which he refused, 
— so that he surrendered himself on the sole 
conditions of having his life spared, and of 
being given up to the king of France. 

The captain would have carried him a 


prisoner to Venice, — ^but the seneschal of 
Beaucaire, the lord de Montoison, and the 
chief justice of Provence, who had gone 
thither to receive the cardinal, prevented it. 
The Venetians also, knowing that the car- 
dinal was an enemy to the king, th it he had 
been taken on the king's territories near 
Piacenza, and wishing likewise to be on 
good terms with France, had the cardinal 
delivered into the hands of the before- 
named persons. 

The inhabitants of Milan, on their 
duke and his brother the cardinal being 
made prisoners, opened a negociation, for 
the surrender of their town, with the cardi- 
xial of Amboise, lieutenant for the king;. 




On the 17ttt of April, which was Good 
Friday, in this same year, the inhabitants 
of Milan, acknowledging the great crimei 


they had committed against the king of 
France, their duke, most humbly besought 
the leverend father in God the lord George 
d'Amboise, cardinal-priest of the apostolical' 
see, lieutenant-general for the said king, 
that he would be pleased (after having 
granted some small sums for their relief, to 
Assist them in paying their finot and also 
to save them frOm the pillage and destruc- 
tion which the army was ready to inflict 
on them) to come to the duke's palace in 
the city of Milan to receive their submis- 
Sions, which they were determined to make 
publicly in acknowledgment of their mis- 
conduct, and to entreat the clemency of 
the king, on payment of such a fine as their 
means would admit of 

This reverend cardinal acceded to their 
request, and came to the palace called La 
Court- vieille, whither arrived in procession 
all the nobles, burghers, tradesmen and in- 
liabitahts, preceded by little children dressed 
in white linen, arid bareheaded, having a 
large crucifix, and the great banner of our 
Lady, borne before them. 

The lord-cardinal being seated on the 
throne prepared for him in the great court 


of this palace^ and surrounded by many of 
the king's counsellors and captains, master 
Michael Touse, doctor of laws, and town- 
advocate, ascended a rostrum that had been 
there erected, and made the following ha- 

* Unworthy as I am to ascend this 
rostrum, my most reverend and most il- 
lustrious lord-cardinal, I am very anxious 
to have it remembered, and thus publicly 
to express the complete submission and de- 
votion my countrymen, the people of Mi- 
lan, *s well as myself, feel toward our 
sovereign lord and duke, the most Christian 
king of France ; and although I know my 
own incapacity to express their wishes, not- 
withstanding my earnest desire so to do, 
yet, as a good citizen, I could not refuse 
(heir requests to undertake it, — and I will 
accomplish it to the best of my abilities. 

' Among all the cities and towns of 
Italy, Milan, without doubt, must be con- 
sidered as the principal, when governed 
with justice by an upright lord, as all good 
and loyal citizens have desired. Sincfs 
God the Creator, has been pleased to place 
them in the hands of the most Christian 


king, their legitimate lord, they cannot wish 
for a better nor a more powerful prince; 
their duty is to persevere in the fidelity and 
loyalty which they have sworn to him when 
he received them with such benignity and 
humanity, It may be said, that \ie had 
reintegrated the citizens to their country, 
and their country to the founder; for the 
French had founded and built the city of 
Milan, — and the country, to this day, re-» 
tains the name of Gallia Cisalpina, But, 
alas ! we have sadly displayed the instabili- 
ty, of our tempers, and coniipitted the 
crimes of treason and rebellion without any 
reason for so doing; for neither the king 
our lof d nor the deputies he sent to govern 
us, have done any things that ought to have 
displeased us, qr make us discontented; 
In regard to our lord himself, we have al- 
ways found him full of humanity, affection, 
and cleniency ; and in regard to the lord 
de Luson, who had been appointed our 
chief justice, we cannot accuse him of any 
improper acts, — for he ever received us 
kindly, and heard oyr cqm plaint? attentive- 
ly, doiqg justice to all parties, like as ^ 
good father would to his children, 


* In like manner, the lord Jean 
Jacques, who has ruled us without distinc- 
tion of persons, or the smallest partiality, 
punishing rather his own people than ours, 
just as those excellent Romans, Brutus 
and Torquatus, put to death their children 
for the good of their country. He also 
has afforded us all necessary support. The 
lord-bishop of Como and others of the 
femily of Trivulice have acted in a similar 
kind manner to us. We feel the more 
beholden to the lord Jean Jacques, because 
knowing, as he did, the wicked intenr 
tions of many of the chief exciters to the 
late rebellion, he attempted to gain them 
over from their intentions by gratuities and 
honours, rather than dip his hands in the 
blood of his countrymen. He preferred 
also retiring into the castle to destroying the 
town by fire and sword, as perhaps strict 
duty would have forced him to, — and from 
thence he departed, to return with so much 
the greater glory. The preservation of the 
town from ruin is solely owing to his pru- 
dent conduct: a superior victory to any 
achieved by arms, seeing that Ludovico 
^forza and almost all the king's enemies are 




become prisoners. The cardinal Ascaniud 
and others attached to his party were, by 
God's merciful providence, induced to leave 
the town, v\^hen they might otherwise have 
injured it by obstinately holding out against 
the troops of our legitimate lord. The in- 
habitants, therefore, are greatly indebted 
to God and the king, who has kindly over- 
looked their faults, and not punished them 
according to their deserts. 

^ To check the fury of his victorious 
army, the king has been pleased to send 
you, my lord cardinal, hither, with full 
powers to act according to your discretion ; 
and this you have done with such prudence 
that you have saved the town to the king, 
—for which we, our children, and our suc- 
cessors, shall be ever beholden to you. 

* We also thank my foresaid lord the 
bishop of Como for his good recommenda^ 
tions of us to you, and for ,the means be 
has taken for the preservation of his country. 

' Since, most reverend father in Qodt 
you have been pleasoi, out of your bounty 
•and clemency, foUowiiig the kind will of 
.our lord the king, to grant to us, the ia*^ 
Jbabitants of Mikn^ this publip ,audieii€e» 


tiiey have commissioned me to make^ 
in their name, the following requests. 

* In the first place, that it may be 
your good pleasure, when you shall return 
to the king, to recommend us most hum- 
bly to his good graces, — ^and to assure his 
majesty that the people of Milan will never 
again rise in rebellion to his power and 
authority. They somewhat resemble St 
Peter, who, having denied God the Re- 
deemer, had afterwards such grief for his 
mi that he was more ardent and deter* 
mined in his service than ever, continually 
supplicating mercy for his crime. In like 
manner, most reverend father in God, and 
in the name of the king our lord, do I, on 
my bended knees, for myself, the nobles; 
burghers, and the inhabitants of Milan, be* 
seech you to pardon the rebellion perpe- 
trated by us, which was contrary to the 
iisiml custom of the Milanese, celebrated 
for their fidelity and loyalty. 

'Secondly, most reverend father, in 
respecSt to the expenses the king our lord 
has been put to in countermanding the 
troops sent hither to punish us for our ill 
conduct, we have promised to pay the sum 


of three hundred thousand crowns : fifty 
thousand on the 12th of this month, fifty 
thousand on the 1 st day of May, and the 
Temaining two hundred thousand at his 
pleasure. We beseech you to intercede 
for us to his majesty, that he would be gra- 
ciously inclined to reijoit payment of the 
balance of the two hundred thousand 
crowns,— for it will be impossible to raise 
iso large a sum without totally ruining the 
town. Its whole wealth consists in mer- 
dbandize, and in cloths of silk and woollen, 
— and should so large a sum be withdrawn 
fi'om trade, all these works must stop, to 
the utter ruin of the city and duchy of 
Milan, which depends so much upon it. 
The duty of a king is to enrich and not im* 
poverish his subjects* 

' Thirdly, we most humbly supplicate, 
that you would dismiss all the men at arms 
from the duchy as speedily as possible, that 
the fruits of the coming harvest may be 
preserved for the use. of our lord's sub- 

' Fourthly, we beseech you> that aU 
persons may^be restored to the offices they 
before enjoyedy 


•And, lastly, that* siace, out of your 
great mercy and wisdom, you have been 
plea^d to separate the principal instigators 
of the late rebellion from the more peace* 
able inhabitants of the town, — and that, 
through the mercy of God, the cardinal 
Ascanius and the chiefs of that party are 
now, for the welfare of the country, de- 
tained prisoners, — ^we beseech you to use 
your interest with the king our lord, that 
such provisions be made to prevent them 
henceforth from troubling the city and 
duchy, as they have lately done, and put 
us again in danger of losing our lives and 
fortunes, whence we have been relieved 
by the merciful bounty of the king our 

* We assure you, most reverend father 
. in God, and most noble lord, that we are 
determined to remain faithful to our so- 
vereign prince in body and soul ; and, by 
granting us our requests, you will never 
again hear of any disturbances or factions 
in this town, — for the inhabitants will, 
henceforward, be united in his service, as 
experience shall prove. We have full con- 
fidence that your benignant goodness will 



do every thing, in regard to us, becoming 
the race whence you descend, which will 
be agreeable to God, and worthy to be en- 
graved on marble, as a perpetual memorial 
of your wisdom, and to the glory of your 
name : all of which I and the people of 
Milan now assembled here, again on our 
bended knees, beseech you to grant/ 

Master Michael having finished his 
harangue, the lord-cardinal of Amboise con- 
suited the marshal of Trivulce, the bishop 
of Luson*, chancellor- of Milan, the lord 
de Neufchatel, and others of the king's 
counsellors, and ordered master. Michael 
Ris, doctor of civil and canon law, and 
counsellor to the king in IM court of pai^ 
liament of Burgundy, and in the senate of 
Milan, to make a reply, which he did in 
manner following. 

' Misertus est Dominus super Ninevem 
civitatem ; eo quod p8enit6ntiam egit in 
cinere et cilicio/ My lords and gentlemen 
of the Milanese, the very reverend father 
in God and most noble cardinal here pre- 
sent, as lieutenant general for the king in 


in this duchy, has more attentively listened 
to your humble propositions and requests 
than your demerits deserved. That his 
bounty and mercy may be more manifest, 
he has ordered me to lay before you your 
great and inexcusable rebellion, which his 
excellency would willingly have done him- 
self could he have addressed you in your 
own language. I am, therefore, employed 
to do it by his command. I must, there- 
fore, remind you, that on the day when 
you swore fidelity to the most Christian 
king, I then addressed you by his orders, 
and exhorted you to remain firm in your 
loyalty to him, whence you would derive 
great honour, and by acting contrary in- 
evitable evils and disgrace would follow. 
I am now commanded by the most noble 
lord-cardinal, here present, to explain your 
great disloyalty and infidelity, that tl^ 
exceeding clemency and pity of the king, 
our lord, may be the more apparent. 

* Your crimes and your demerits are 
so enormous, O Milanese ! that no punish- 
ments can be adequate to them, — and 
they are deserving of a similar punishment 
firom the king as the Romans inflicted 


tipon the Samiens, as related to us by fcis^ 
torians : ' Ita ruinas urbis diruerunt u% 



hodie Samus in ipsa Sarao reqiiiratur/ 
Or one equal to what Archila* king of 
the Goths inflicted on the Romans, whose 
marks are now visible on the walls and 
buildings of Rome* Or what Alexander 
did to the Thebans. It may be seen in 
numerous histories, that for much smaller 
crimes, Charles the great, king of France, 
and the emperor Frederick I. punished 
most severely this city of Milan. 

^ To make your ingratitude more 
public, you have allowed that the most 
Christian king is your true and legitimate 
lord, to whom you owe love and obe- 
dience, according to the laws of God and 
man ; for the wise regulation of the Spar- 
tans sa,ys, ' Populum in obsequia principum,j 
principes adjustitiam imperatorum infirma-* 
bit/ In addition to the most Christian king 
being your natural and lawful lord, he has 
conferred upon you numberless benefits : 
he came in person to deliver you from 
slavery, — not out of a disorderly ambitioa 

» Archila. Q. Attila? 


to gain kingdoms, but from the pity hb 
fck for you as subjects of duke John Ga*^ 
leazzo, your, first duke, whose most excel- 
lent daughter, the princess Valentina, wias 
his grandmother. He recalled 'Justice to 
your country, which had been banished 
thence. He secured to you your lives andb 
properties, which before no one could call 
his own. He allowed you the liberty to 
marry your children as you should please^ 
which before this could not be done ; for 
a father could not marry a daughter, nor 
a mother a sister, but according to the will 
and appetite of the lord. Offices which 
were temporary he made perpetual. He 
abolished all pillories, concussions, and ex- 

' Besides these and numberless other be- 
nefits thit he showered upon you, you were 
boiinden by your oaths of allegiance to be 
faithful . unto him: nevertheless, many of 
you, even when taking these oaths, were 
plotting to deceive him. All of you, ye 
Milanese ! foi-getful of the salvation of your 
iioiils and honour, and regai'dless of the 
danger into which you threw your wives, 
your children, and your town, have con- 



i^ifeA agpsijist your true lori m fsvour of 

a lywit,, quitting the first of kings in 

jChriiiteq^Qni for a mean feHow of low 

j^irth^--:a most potent prince i^f one as 

foac in ,cpur9ge sb in wealth and friends. 

p[ad I thf powers of language to display 

Jfb/^ extei^t Qf^uch a cHme, I should be 

^Qc^pable to do it under two days ; bu^ 

ypur owp copspiences wiU make y-ou more 

sensible of it jtban I .can,— and ypu may 

^pply jfco ypyrselyes what is written, ' Po- 

pulus dure Gervicig/ when you committed 

jdhat ]^$^fe siit jQf recalling your Ludovico 

^n opposition to your true lord. 

* What wfts the consequeiM^ ? Did he 
n,ot instantly seize all the effects of piivate 
persons, and not only their wealth but 
^ve^ the crp.$gep, <^halices, and jewels from 
^ icj^rc^e$ ? What was said of Camby^ 
s^, )k^g of Fiersia, may be s^id of him, 
^ J>i^Gi]p ^nm fiWt Bt parceret suis, qui 
coniteippt^ religione gmssatus etiam ini 
Peos fue^at/, Although fbom so gveat jgt 
jmv^ ffmyy ;J»ay attempt to excu^^ate 
thfmii^lyes, yet J do. pot see how they 
cs^i ^e^l 4^ SQ, for it r would ^ have beeii 
^y %t gr^ tp has^ lesistod -such twar 


j8on : nor can otie in Milan excuse him-* 
self for the joyous reception given to JLu- 
dovico, as' if he had been a god descended 
from heareQ on , earth. The people of Mi- 
lan assisted the lord Ludovito with money 
and men. Feasts and entertainments were 
every where displayed |to welcome his ar» 
rival, and for his 8W4ived victories when 
he gained Novara. 

' Observe ilow, O Milanese 1 how 
strongly the justice of God, the Creator; 
has been made manifest, and the ^ea| 
power that it has pteMed Him to invest 
the king our lord with i for when' you 
thought that you had done* eVCTy thing 
by gaining Nov?ira, at tJiat moment you 
lost the whole, and your idol^ the lodl Lu^ 
Novice, carried dway a prisoner, — so that 
what was said of the Persians majr be ap*^ 
plied to him^ * Servit alteri cui^ nuper me-^ 
diolanum serviebat/ 

^ ^O Milanese! notwithstanding 5^** 
•tiormous offences, the great fbunt^n of 
mercy of our good king has not been dfteid 
i|p by your ingratitude to ^him t and the 
uncommon benignity of hie li^teuan* ge^ 
neral, my lord caidinttl, has been^':ftilly' 


shoM'n to you, from his respect and rever- 
ence to this day, on which it pleased our 
l>ord to suffer cm ignominious death oa 
the cross for oor salvation. He, in the 
king's name, pardons your lives, your ho- 
nours, and your property, exhorting you, 
at the same time, to be , more careful, 
h€ipcefor\*^ard, not only to avoid commit- 
ting similar offences but to avoid even the 
being suspected of them ;^ for should you 
ever relapse again into rebellion, you will 
b^ punished with such severity the remem- 
brance hereof shall endure to the latest 
?igejB of the wQrId. By acting as loyal 
sul^ects towards your lord, your town and 
country will be daily improved, and you 
wijl live happy, and contented ; for it mu^t 
!fe>efl; great satisfaction to live under a true^ 
and legitimate prince. , .^ . , 

V With, regard to the requests you hs^ve- 
made to my lord cardinal, you will deliver, 
th^i9 to him in writing, and he will rc- 
' ti^rq^ you siich a^nswers as shall content you., 
Jt must, however, be ujiderstopd, that from 
tf>is pardop all ,the principal actors ^d 
iiMitigatprs . of th^ late rebellion, are ex- 
c^ptfid.'^ . 


When this harangue laras" ended/ aH 
the^ children passed the cardinal in process 
sessionj^ crying out * France, France 1 France 
and mercy !' 

On St George's day, the queen of 
France set out from Lyon, to go to St 
Claude, with a very handsome company. 
Bejfore she returned, she stood godmother 
with the prince of Orange, — ^for the prin- 
cess had, at that time, been brought to bed 
of a, son, 

Oa the 2d of May, the lord Ludovico 
jvas brought to Lyon, He wore al'obe of 
black camlet, after the fashion of Lombar- 
dy, and was mounted on a smail oiVilel 
The provost of the royal household, a^d* 
the seneschal of Lyon, went out to meet 
him, made him a prisoner in the king*d 
name, and confined him in the castle of 
PiCTre-en-Cise, Great nuhibers of people 
were collected in the streets to see him pass. 
The king was then in Lyon. 

The 12th of May, the marriag^ of tlie 
lord de la Roche, a baron of Brittany, was 
announced in Lyon, with the princess of 
Tarente, daughter to don Frederic of. Na-^ 
pies. On this occasion were many j lists. 



jiiftd other entertainineiits, at which trere 
|ireseQt the queen, her ladies and daniselsi 
i^and the wife of count Galeazzo was with 
the queen ; but the marriage did not taktf 
place until the 1 8tb of May, at the church 
of St Croix, near to that oi SH Joh&. Tour- 
naments again were e:!(hit>ited on this 
Grenette, and gave great satisfaction^. 

The lord Ludovico was, by orders 
from the king and council transferred fronS 
the castle of Pierre-en-Cise, on the 14th 
of May, to the castle of Loches, near 
BourgeSr On the 24th of the same months 
the lord de ligny returned from Lombardy 
to Lyon» when the king sent out a large 
party to meet^and welcome him. 

The cardinal Ascanius Sforza yrBs oii 
the . I7th of June^ the vigil of Corpus** 
Giiristi-day, brought prisoner to Lyon, and 
eonfu^d^ where his brother had bbfore beeii 



* As I do not understand the exi^resnons in the 
original, I shall transcribe them. 

^ Derecbief on feit jouste en la Grenette. Let 
gentils-bommes qui joustoient a cheval de hois et Ksses 
de cordescouvertes de drap dt soU qui esioit une chose si 
wkignonnisment /sicte que vMrvdUe^ tt tres joyeiis^'i 


m Ale 'ca^fle of Pterre-eri-CisiB;; but he af-' 
terwards found such favour with the king' 
Oat he had all f I'ahce fot* hi^ prtsOn. ' 

The lohl-catdinal of Aniboisfe aftd th4* 
hr!A de la Trimbiiille arrived at Lyoii, the 
21st of June, from liOmbai*dy, aiid bifougHt^ 
^h them the lord Jean Jacques de Tfi- 
i^iHce and his lady to J'ratic6. 

About the end of July/pope Alexander 
VIL was struck by lightning, at ifeomd, and 
ifiiich hurt; but, recommending himself to' 
God and our lady, he was cared, and or- 
iKtfed a (Solemn procession, M^hich he at- 
ttUdfed in person, and granted a full absd- 
Ritioiito all who assisted. This happened, 
A* said, on the vigil, or on the day" pre- 
ceding it, of the feast of St Peter. The' 
saSSe day the king and queen of France 
teft iLyorii for Troyes' in Champagne, to' 
iridiSJ ^ ^tnbassy frbm Germany tiiat wai ' 
eaptbtM t^ere. 

Oh St Anne*s day, the 26lh of July,^ 
t»e kihg 6f Yvetot* died at Lyon: He\^as 

* l^ing of Yvetot; Yvetot' is a snfdl blirgb ia 
the country of Caux, six leagues from Rouea. Cio« . 
taire L king of France, having killed Gautier lord of 
YVetot, as a compensation erected it into, a kinj;do0^ 


buried in the church of Sainte Croix, near 
to that of St John. 

The 28th, on a Sunday Morning, the, 
last arch but one of the bridge over the 
Rhone, at Lyon, near to Bechevelain, fell 
dqwn : the wall and the other arch re- 
mained, — but it could not be crossed with- 
out great danger, and by going along the 
top of the wall. 

This year, the Swiss made war on the 
Icing's territories, — on which account his 
Swiss-guards returned home, but the war 
was , soon put an end to. — About St Simon 
and St Jude's day, M. de Bordeaux, arch- 
bishop of Lyon, died, and was succe^ed by^ 

_ _ » • * 

Fran9ois de Rohan, son to the marshal de 

Gie. •/■• .,\' /; 

The king of France, ahoujt this pe- 
riod, sent a doqtor of divinity fi-om ^aris 
to lia Vaupute*, to convert the i^hajbi-, 
tants from some fantastical opinions they > 
had imbibcd,~'but he failed of succpss. 

Near Christmas, the river Sj^on^ was 


—See La Martiniere^s or Baudrand's Geographical 
Dictionaries. ' -i^ 

* La Vaupute. Q. Vault-de-Puis^de-Sacs ? a vil- 
lage in Burgundy. 


frozen as high as M&con, which prevented 
201 ■ corn and other victual coming to 
Ly.on, and raiised the price of bread very 
high. On St. Thomas's day, the Rhone 
suddenly rose in the afternooUi aiid high- 
er thaii was ever known in so short a 

In the year 1501, the bishop of Ami- 
ens, ^ native of Burgundy, died ait a place 
called Arbois*, and was succeeded by the 
bishop of Nevers. 

A jubilee toofer^ place, this year, in 
France, for the support of a war against the 
Turks,— ^^nd a tendi was raised, from all 
benefices, fbr the same pi^pose.-^The arch- 
duke iPhiKp and his consort cdnie, in the 
course of the year, to Paris, and declared 
themselves friends to the king. They went 
thence into Spain, where the archduchess 
was brought to bed of a son. ' 

A large body of infantry, with gteot 
stores of salted provision, were ordered to 
Naples;^ and the king ahd queen went to 
Lyon, to see thesei troops march through 

< < « 

♦^ Arbow, — in Fran^te Comt£, celebrated for iti 
Tioeyar^y 3iS.leiigueft from Lyoa* 


«hB»: jcity. Thfer wife of dufce. H6h6 of IxaiO 
valine came bo Sainte Claiid6» with h«f 
8oi», ted' thence proceededf to vhdt on' th<l 
king sttid qdeen at Lyon. Hei^ sdh remain^* 
ed at the courts aind had a pension ; and cm 
the noiother'sr returniiiig to Lorraine, the 
king presented her with a white paUrayy 
Hioslf rrcMy caparisoned m crmkon vel^ 
vet, with . knotted cocdHWoi^k m Btakpoii^ 

I • 

CHAP. xm. . 

• r t * 

TIME IS WON,, -*■ AND F&il>KaCl^ STY- 

The king was' v^ anxious, to recover 
dominiops in Naplj^, and, for this purpofle" 
sent thither a considerable force by sea abdr 
lafld. The king's lieutenant-general, the 
lord d'Aubigny,>was'SO diligent^on his^ar* 
rival, thathesoonfWcftydMitvwi^olEliipleiii 


Ffederick> calling hicASelf kh^ of Na|)l6S/ 
was then ixi the towti ; for, after the de-^ 
cease of the duke 6f Calabria, he claimed 
it as his inhe^tance. Seeing all resistance 
vain, he consented to meet the king of 
France, to make arrangements respecting 
his claim ; for he was unwilling to remain 
the king's enemy, seeing that it was impos- 
sible for him to resist $ome of his chil- 
dren, however, were carried away secretly 
to the king of Spdin. 

The king of France received the news 
of the capture of Naples, and of Frederick, 
the 8th of August, when at Lyon, where 
great rejoicings, with bonfires, and solemn 
processions, were" made on the occasion, 
to rfender thanks to the God of all vic- 

On the feast of our Lady, in Septem- 
ber of this year, the convent of the Celes- 
tins at Lyon took fire, and nearly the whole' 
of it was destroyed. The fire began in the 
chimney ; but the convent was soon after- 
wards rebuilt, handsomer than before. The 
same day, firiar John Tisserant, an Obser- 
vantiiie, of whom mention has been before 
made, died. On All-souls-day, don Frede- 

« t 


ric arrived at Lyon, from Naples, and 
was conducted further into France. 



Sunday, , the 7th of October, the lord- 
cardinal of Amboise made . his public en- 
try into Lyon, having been appointed le- 
. gate from the holy see to Prince. 
His entry was very sumptuous and hand- 
some : the streets hung with rich tapes- 
tries, and several allegorical mysteries re- 
presented . in . those streets he passed 
through. The populace were greatly re- 
joiced at his arrival, as he had established 
a peace among the Christian princes, 
which was proclaimed at Lyon on Satur- 
day preceding Christmas, when bonfires 
were, made in all thft squares. 

About this time, the lady Margaret*^ 

t ) - J I 


▼ The lady Margarets— of Austria, aaiighter to 


was married Jto the duke of Savoy, and 
made her public entry into Geneva in the 
course of the month of December. 



The year 1502 was the jubilee for a 
croisade against the' Turks. It was, as 
said, celebrated throughout Christendoni 
to excite every prince to take up arms on 
the occasion. But there were division's 

^mong them; and all failed in their en- 

* '• 

gagements excepting the king of France, 
who showed himself deserving of his title 
of most Christian king. 

After the conquest of Naples, he 
ordered his troops to make war on the 
Turks by sea and land> — for they, having 
declared war against the Venetians, had 
landed troopij near to Venice. The french 
army were eager to advance to the con- 

»• • * • • • 


• w • 

the emperor Maximilian, and widoMT to John soh't^ 
F^^dioand the catholic^ kiog of Spain. 


^Dtet ^f .Cdnstantinople, under the corn* 
mand of the lord Philip of Bayensteip ; and 
they had undertaken the siege of the toivn 
of Metelino, under a promise of pay, and 
of being victualled, made by the Venetians 
to the king of Frjance. Tbey failed in the 
last article, for the frfench army was five 
days without provision ; and what was 
worse, the Venetians allowed the Turks 
to m?irch through part of their territprie^i 
who fell on the French* killed numbers, 
and made tl^irty-two prifioijerg,--^for whose 
release the pope , issued his pardons to ob- 
tain the necessary siimj^, . as is specified iq 
the bull. By these it^ans, the frenph army 
was ruined ; but Had the promises made to 
the French been kept, they would soon 
have conquered the greater par| of Tur- 
J^ey. . 

Good-Friday, this year, falling on the 
feast pf our Lady iri March, . pardons 
V^ere fully granted ^t the church of puir 
I^dy at Puys, in Auyergne, wh^re such 
niultituples attended th^-t a melancholy ac- * 
cident happened, by the felling down of 
%;VaJlf4i:Qm tkeqfov^d pressing J^gaippt it^ 
which killed nu^J^ers^ and wounded moiei^ 


iieverai also f)erisbed from ^ great presh 

This yeAr, a marriage was concluded 
between the king of Hungary and Anne 
of Cai^dale, daughter to the lord of Can- 
dale of the house of Foix. fehe soon after 
made her public entry into Lyon, where 
several spMid mysteries were represented, 
and thence continued her route to Hungary, 
where the marriage was consummated, and 
they had a fine family of children. 

About a fortnight before St George's 
day, the jwdnce of Orange died, and yvas 
succeeded by his infant son. 

Not long after this, the king of 
France went to Lombardy, and made hi* 
public ^itry into Gencxi, the inhabitants 
having placed themselYcs under his do- 
minion. The town made him many rich 
gifts, — and having staid thwe some time, 
he returned to France in September. About 
this period, Ren6 bastard of Savoy was 
driven out of that country, and took re- 
fijge with the king of France, to the great 
displeasure of the duke and duchess of 
Savoy ; for R6n6 had revealed divers ma- 
chinations that were going forward-to the 
prejudice of the crown of France. Shortly, 

a, sfuit was instituted against the duchess 
to recover some places which the duke 
had given her, that belonged to R6ne by 
purchase. . ^ 

While the king was in Dauphiny^ 
tlie duke and duchess of Savoy visited 
the queen at Lyon, but made no public 
entry : they staid only four or six days, 
and went back to Savoy a little before th? 
king's return. 

Shortly afterward, the general of the 
order of cordelier friars came to France, 
to establish a reform, and to make them 
follow the regulations of the Ohservantines, 
-^fof the king would have it so, as he 
knew thetn to be too worldly inclined, and 
that it was better to have ten fi:6od 
monks than two thousand vicious ones. 

On the vigil of St Martin's day, the 
wife of don Frederic arrived in France, 
with some of her children and attendants. 

In the year 1505, the picture of our 
Lady of the Cloister, which had been in 
the cloister of the cordeliers at Lyon was 
removed into the church, and placed in the 
chapel of St Francis. This painting was so 
large that the wall was broken down to ad« 



mit it into the chapel, where it now is 
most richly decorated. 

About the beginning of Lent, the 
king's palace at Dijon was burnt down, 
by the firing, a culverin up the chimney 
to clean it; the king soon afterwards re- 
built it with greater magnificence. 

The 21st of April, when the king was 
at Lyon, tie made a general abolition of 
a variety of tolls and imposts that had 
existed for a hundred years, without any 
legal sanction, — ^with orders not to re-es- 
tablish them, under severe penalties.: This 
.was contained in letters patent he granted 
.to the merchants who trafficked on the 
Rhone and.Saone, and other navigable 
rivel^ felling into them> from the town of 
Pontarlier, above Auxonne, to the sea, — 
and also to those who trafficked by land 
^ through France, the M^connois, Lyonnois, 
Languedoc, and.Dauphiny. * By these let* 
ters,^all obstructions to the navigation, such 
as wears, miUdams, and the like, were or- 
dered to . be instantly removed, excepting 
^s^ch as may have been particularly erected 
-bytbe king. 
* Th§ french. army at Naples ^ined 



ground daily^ and had nearly conqnered 
Sicily, so that all trembled before them* 



The archduke Philip made his public 
entry into Lyon the 23d of March, and 
it was very handsome. He came from 
Spain; but before he entered the king's 
teriitories^ he demanded that Eve or six of 
the princes of the blood should be sent to 
hisf country^ as hostages for hk safety da- 
xing^ his stay in* France. This was d«ne> 
{&t the king had no evil intentions ; but 
the. archduke had made the above demand 
,imagi>iiag. that he might ^ be scmiiswhat 
4BcliSied to be suspicious of him. 

, The. populace were pejoieed at his 

• eomiiig, because he was charged to iiiajic; 

-peace between the kings of France attd 

Spsun, which he did ; and it was prodaomed 

while the king, queen, and thdr court wef!? 

: at Lyon, on the 4t|i of ApriL Tk» peace 


iiicludady beside the kings of France and 
S|)ain, the archduke, the king, of the 
Romans and their allies. , 

The archduke on leaving Lyon, wettt 
taBourg en Bresse in Savoy, where, he 
met the duke, and his sister the duchess 
of Savov. 

About the 13th of April, the lord John 
d& Home, bishop of liege, waited on 
the king at Lyon, on account of a quar- 
rel that had taken place between him and 
the lord de la Marche, which they had mu- 
tually^ Feferred ibr the king^s decision,, and 
he md^e peace between them, 

'The etrchduke had not been long at 

Bourg. en Bresse before it was known 

tbat the king of Spain had landed a large 

..anxiy at Naples, and had instantly attack- 

:ed the French unexpec^dly, — for they un- 

dei^od tha;t they were at peace with 

Spun. ^ Notwithstanding this„ a severe con- 

.fliet^ took place, — and the duke of Ne- 

jEHouii» w*as killed treacherously^ The 

.Spamards conc|uefe;d the towi> of Naples, 

t'm co£rt;radictioii to the oath dieir king had 

90 laUiVy giade to observe the peace. It 

wa«^ said' tha» . pope. iVl§xa«ider VII^ had 


supplied the Spaniards with provision* 
The lord d'Aubigny retired into Calabria 
with a few of his men ; but had the French 
been supported, they w ould have prevented 
the Spaniards succeeding in their enter- 
prise. It was likewise reported, that some 
of the French had joined the Spaniards, 
having an understanding with the king of 
Spain, — but this perhaps was discovered 
afterwards. The lord de la Trimouille was, 
in consequence, sent to Naples as lieute- 
nant-general for the king ; but he was 
seized with so grievous a malady on his ' 
road, he was forced to return to France. 
In this year, an extraordinary event 
happened at Paris- A young scholar^ 
twenty-two years old, a native of Abbe- 
ville, whose parents were of worth, and 
much respected, went on the feast of St 
Louis, to the holy chapel in the palacet 
'while mass was celebrating at an altar 
on the right hand. When the priest was 
about to consecrate the host, this scholsur 
shatelied it out of his hands, ' and ran 
away with it into the court fronting thci^ 
exchequer-chamber. Perceiving that he 
WM pursued, he tore the wafer into pieces, 


and flang them on the pavement. When, 
taken, he was confined in the prison of 
the Coriciergerie, — but no exhortations 
could make him repent. Upon this his 
parents were sent for, who were much 
grieved at his coiiduct, more especially for 
his obstinacy and malice, — and the mother* 
died in Paris of grief. 

* The father renounced his son for a 
heretic, and wanted to put him to death 
with his own hafids. When brought be- 
fore the court of pariiament, he was asked 
of what religion he was ; and replied. Of 
the religion of nature. It was said that 
he had frequented the company of some 
scholars from Spain, who had fled. A ge- 
neral procession was made to the holy 
ehapel, to offer up prayers to God that 
the scholar riiighi be converted, — and a 
seraion was preached, while h^ was pre- 
sent, by an eminent dioctor. The court of 
parliament finding him obstinate, con- ^ 
demned him to be dragged from prison to 
the place where he had thrown down the 
host ; then to be put into a tumbril, and 
have his wrist cut off, and carried to the 
jiijg-market to be burnt. He was accom- 


panied all the time by three doctors, who 
earnestly exhorted him to repent, — namely, 
mai!>ter John Standun, a Cordelier, and a 


Jacobin : the first never left him until dead, 
notwithstanding he continued in his obsti- 
nacy to the last. 

From the time this impiety had been 
committed, a canopy of cloth of gold was 
supported over the spot where the host had 
&llen, with two burning tapers beside it* 
The pavement was tak^n up, and oarried 
to the holy chapel, with such parts of the 
wafer as could be found, tp be preserved a» 
relics, and the place repaved. 

Toward the end of August, in this 
yetr, pope Alexander VII. died. The 
king wa3 then at M&con, and imm^iately 
ordered the cardinal of Amboise, the car* 
dinal Ascanius Sforza, then a prisoner iq 
France, the cardinal of St George, with 
other cardinals, to repair to Rome, for the 
flection of a pope. 

About nine or ten o'clock of the Mon* 
day, before Michsielmas-diiy, the whole 
arch of the bridge over the Ebone at I^oq 
M down. 

The oardioal of Sieonat nephew to 


pope Pius II. was elected pope, and took 
the name of Pius III., but did not live 
more than eight or ten days after his ex- 
altation. During that short space, he had 
already shown how very much he was in- 
disposed against the French. He was the 
hundred and sixth pope. 

On Wednesday preceding St Luke's 
day, the lord Peter of Bourbon died, while 
the king was at Macon : he was mudb be- 
wailed, for he had ever been true and loyal 
to the crown of France, and was an abk 

The 19th of October, dieid pc^e Pius 
IIL at Rome, who, as I have said, did 
not outlive his election more than eight or 
ten days, — and the cardinals made another 

The French at Naples slew vety many 
Spaniards, — and had they been properly 
supported^ they would have driven them 
thence, for the lord d'Aubigny 
nuch valour and prudence. 





The cardinal of St Pietro ad vinculo^ 
legate of Avignon, and by ' name Francis 
de Savona*, was elected the hundred ^nd 
seventh jpope of Rome, and took the name 
of Julius 11. He was nephew to the late 
pope, Sixtus IV. and had accompanied king 
Charles of France at the conquest of Na- 
ples. After his election,^ he made his ne-- 
phew cardinal of St Pietro ad vincula, and 
legate of Avignon. 

The french anny before Saulsef, in 
the county of Roussillon, was badly con- 
ducted by some in whom the king had 
great confidence ; for it was so well 
equipped, wonders were expected frorii it." 
The commanders might have taken the 

• * 

* Francis de Savona. This must be a mistake : 
fais name was Julius della Rovere. lie was born .at 
Albizale, a village near to Savona. 

t Saulse. QL Sault ? a small territory adjoining 

-♦ % 



tsistle and the garrison, on allowing their 
captains to march away in safety; but' 
although many were for it, the majority 
were against • thepi. The castle was mined 
to its very foundations, and the army was 
so strongly encamped it could not be hurt;* 
but the king of Spain, by dint of money, 
as it was known afterwards, blinded the 
eyes of the commanders, to the astonish- 
ment and vexation of all loyal Frenchmen 
when it was discovered. 

The commander in chief, the marshal 
de.Rieux, a Breton, marched away to Nar- 
bonne, to the great discontent of the French, 
as the camp was left without a leader. 
Every one behaved with the utmost cou- 
rage, and raisfed the siege, carrying off the 
artillery and baggage without loss in their 
4retreat. However, had all behaved as they 
ought to have done, conformable to their- 
engagements with the king, in a short time 
they would have made great advances in^o 
the enemy's country, considering the fine 
army of the French. 

The lord de la Roche-pot was killed, 
when before Saulse, by a cannon shot: it 
was a great loss, for he was a good and 


valiant knight, and the king and whole 
court were much grieved at it — ^The french 
army in Naples not only kept its.groundi 
but even made some conquests. 

On Christmas-eve, in thk year, the lord 
Louis of Luxembourg, lord of Ligny, died» 
^bout twelve o'cloC^k at night at Lyon> and 
ixras very much regretted by the king and 
all who knew him, for he was universally 

The Sd day of July, in tlus year, died 
Fierre cardinal of Aubusson^, grand master 
of Rhodes, which he had governed for 
twenty-seven years : during the early part 
of which, Rhodes was attacked by the 
Turks with an immense anny : but he and 
his knights made so gallant a defence, he 
was victorious, and the Turks left upwards 
of forty thousand dead: the rest saved 
themselves by flight, to the great vexation 
of all Turkey, in spite of their criasi 
^ Mahoun, avenge us T 

* Aubusson. He was grand prior ci Auvergne^ 
and descended from the ancient viscounts of lar" 
Marche. Pope Innocent sent him the cardinal's hat, 
for having delivered up to his guard Zimim brother t9 


The sultan, . finding this army defeated, 
uttered a horrid cry, to the alarm of his 
attendants, and swore to march another to 
Rhodes, and have ample revenge; but while 
he was employed in making preparations, 
he died. The grand master of Rhodes de- 
tained the next heir to the sultan a prisoner 
for thirteen years, contrary to the will of 
many, and then delivered him up to the 
piope, who, in return, sent him a cardinaFsf 
hat. He had those fortifications repaired 
that had been damaged by the Turks, and 
then converted the Jews in the island to 
Christianity, He formed alliances with all 
the princes in Christendom, and did an in* 
finite deal of good. , He was succeeded by 
Emeri d'Amboise, brother to the cardinal 
of Amboise, legate to France, who instaqt<» 
ly left France for Rhodes, to oppose the 
Turks, who were continually carrying on a 
warfare against the Christians. 





The grand master of Rhodes received on 
the 7th of December, in the year 1502, 
intelligence from Armenia and Persia, that 
pne called Sophi Christian, or Red Bonnet 
of Armenia, had assembled an army of 
forty thousand men, to enable him to re* 
yenge the death of his father by Usson 
Cassan, a Turk, and to recover all the So-. 
phines who had been sent prisoners to Tur- 

* I cannot make out this chapter to my satisfac- 
tion. In the * Art de Verifier les Dates,' I find, that 
in the year 1501, which nearly answers to the date in 
die chapter, Schah Ismael Sophi I., &c, the restorer 
of the sect of Ali, in Persia,'' when only 14 years old, 
assembles a large army of Alides, conquers Tauris 
from Alvand IV; successor of Uzun Cassan, and 
obliges him to fiy to Diarbeker, where he dies in 1 502. 
Schah Ismael gains Bagdad in 1510, putting to flight 
Klorad Beg, son to Alvand, and in the following year 
conquers Khoristan, &c. In the year 1314, Sclim L 
emperor of the Turks gives him battle and defeats him 
on the plains of Chald^ron, and takes the town of 
llauris. Sophi dies aged 38, &c. 


key. Having considered the iniquity of 
the grand Turk, and his infamous conduct 
to these Sophines, he set out from his coun- 
try, called Adanil, twelve days journey 
from Tauris, accompanied by only one 
hundred warriors, and arrived near to Ar- 
zian*, a town of Us^on Cassan, whose 
friendship and alliance he besought on ac- 
count of his mother, sister to Usson Cassan, 
pretending that he was waiting the arrival 
of his attendants. But he disguised his 
feelings of injury from the grand Turk, who 
detained his Sophines in abject vassalage : 
however, within a fortnight, he was joined 
by about sixteen thousand men, with whom 
he entered Arzian by force, and put to death 
-all the inhabitants, both great and small. 

Among other acts worthy of remem- 
brance, in all the mosques, or temples, of 
the Turks, he had the horses and camels 
tied up as in a stable, to show his contempt 
for them, and had them afterwards razed to 
the ground. There had been a temple of 
the Christians which the. Turks had de- 
stroyed ; but Sophi had it immediately re* 

"^ Ar^ian. Q. Ejrserum, orErivan? 

built^ and handsomely restored. The army 
of Sophi continually increasing, he advanced 
into the province of Fimam, which belong- 
ed also to Usson Cassan. Usson Cassan 
perceiTiag that Sophi was subjugating hxs 
cauuixy^ and the whole of the Turks in this 
province^ aaldumting to nliore . than fifty 
thousand^ assembled his army, and offered 
battle to Sbphi, who defeated him com- 
pletely, and made him prkK)ner. i He en- 
tered victoriously the town of Sarda, where 
he staid three months, and thence advanced 
to Tharabe, a town of Usson Cassan, which 
instantly surrendered. 

As he approached the country of 
jSultama, he was met by the children of 
Usson Cassart, with an army of twenfyj- 
five thousand men. Sophi gave them bat- 
tle, and defeated them. One of the chil- 
dren was kilted in the combat: the oth^s 
were taken pHsoners, and put to a disgrtee- 
fill death by cutting them iii pieces. Not 
cme of their army was permitted; to. live. 

The city of Tamris, seeing the great 
fower of Sophi, and that be had destroyed 
their prince and his children, sun-ende^ed 
to him without any defence, — and he re- 


mained there with his army some tinbes^ 
The citizeas of Tauris, observing the great 
prudence and wisdom of Sophi, p^t him m 
possession of all the treasures of Usscti 
Cassan. He thence departed to a large 
town called Lingia^ three days journey from 
Tauris, and to another called Passy, the last 
town of Usson Cassan. 

Sqphi^ finding that he had now con^- 
quered and submitted to his obedience the 
whole of tiie dominions of Usson Cassaii^ 
and established order every where, returned 
to Tauris^^ the capital of the country. He 
was continually followed by his mother, 
with a numerous attendance of skives> Ibr 
he ^as much beloved by her ; and after a 
short stay at Tauris, she sent ambassadors 
to the grand Turk, to remonstrate vnth him 
on his shamefyil conduct to the Sophines,-^ 
ordering him to set them at liberty,, and 
also to put on the red bonnet, after the 
manner of the Sophines, otherwise she 
would make him feel the power of her son. 

The grand Turk detained the ambas- 
sadors in Constantinople, for he suspected 
that Sophi would invade his country of 
Natolia ; and in consequence, he assembled 


a large army near to the town of Angora*, 
and commanded all in Pera-f to hold them- 
selves in readiness to bear arms against 
Sophi Christian or Red Bonnet. They 
were, however, refractory, and revised to 
obey, showing more willingness to sur- 
render themselves to Sophi, The Arme- 
nians say, that Sophi does not esteem the 
grand Turk a button,^^for he has an army 
of ninety thousand men, well armed, with- 
out including his own countrymen from 
Armenia, who daily follow him. All this 
information was brought to the king of 
France, when he was. at Morestel:j: in Dau- 
phiny, in the year 1503. 

* Angora, — a town in JJatolia : Bajazet was de- 
feated near to it 

t Pera, — ^partly a suburb to Constantinople^ I 
believe it was thqn possessed by the Genoese. 

X Moriestely-^election of Vienne. 


CHAP, xix: 

« V 


In the course ^f the year 1504, a truce 
was concluded between the kin^ of France 
and Spain, touching the county of Roussil* 
Ion: nevertheless, the Spaniards that had 
been garrisoned in Saulse embarked secretly 
for Naples. It was said, that the king of 
Spain had bribed some of the French (of 
which they were afterwards accused), and 
by this means he had conquered Naples. 

The lotd of Aubigny and the lord of 
Alegre, the principal leaders of the french 
army, were made prisoners ; and great num- 
bers of their men perished, more from want 
of food than in battle, for there was no 
great effusion of blood. The lieutenant of 
the lord of JLigny maintained his post in the 
territories of that lord's deceased wife, — 
and the French, notwithstanding the Spanish 
force, made several good prisoners, who 

.yOL. «IL ^ ^'' ft i 


were exchanged for the lords of Aubigny 
and of Alegre. 

This summer was exceedingly hot and 
diy, vrhiqU pr<^ve(ited the corn from filing;^ ^larve^ was very poo^* ip the Lyon- 
nois, t^uphiciy* Auvergne, Burgundy, 
Savoy, and other countries. From the 
igtQP^ pf ]yi§fch« the ifftrnte^ and peasants, 

%e!^ing tfe?. §fi|spn Wpuld he uopuo- 
ductiye, ^.§re in gfG^t dfi^tr^, ^»d dJ*db 
W^lQS^ms t;q dijfen^ cljiurghi^s ip Jill t^ft 
vil^g^ &i:WA<i,: g§^eJ^ prpc^ftflfi wiere. 
qy/en jja^cfe by tl^ pesjsant^ 1^ th^ church^ji 
ip Lyon, ^h^f tjjp iKi\tSkh\\mt§ aiji4 W>»I^«. 
g^y/$ th^m bi:«a4 a^d win^ ii^ ahuQ<^Q&. 

^. thjB^ prpces^Qns* Ae yQung vQ- 
i%5il we dressy in white fe^^ with bare 
ff^ ^, keRclj^ief on their l^cLs, a^ a tep^r 
iOi tjjfiii: h^ds,: the boys^ wiefe <?lothed %lso 
>a >fAijti?, barp h^a^^ aftd bw«j fqoted,: 

^ ^^ ^x,^s, i^e ippoien. sjngiDg ftpm. 

% L|t^Py> '-S^Pfe^ Hm^} QJia pm nor 
l^;. ^^ 4^. ^P >?bole crieA alAiM^ f«r- 

processions tp^ the churdi of. Qur j^uily of 



the island, a french ^ league distaiit from 
that <;ity. On the last day but on© df 
May* the body of St Jnst was brpught 
from the suburbs into the city of LyOn, 
which no noian living had before seen done ^ 
and his shrine was carried in procession^ 
with chaunting and singing, / from church 
V> church* On tpe following dayi tiie jaw 
bone of $t John the baptist, wlp^ich ha4 
nevei;^ before been taken out of the chu:rch 
of St John, was carried in processioA to 
the church of the Augustin^. 

Edghtdays afterwards, it r^ined^; bfflt 
thje drought was soon ^ great ^s ever% 
The naonks of Notre Darae de Ffele^ rft^ 
tended by the inhabitants of vaaxty vii^ 
lag«, brought h^r ira^e, an<t,tl^t of 
St Lpup, in f^rQcessipn to L^^, which 
hgd oot been dpne in the ^esj<^; pf mafti 
This was on the 7jh of June ; *ftd at th4 
sainie time was broti^ht thither th^ i^rinlg 
of Saint Hereny> prince of %h^ nitjetefeft 
$i)iKisand martyrs. 

Processions came to }:iyQB lour dod 
five leagues distant \ and the inhabitants 
cT S^Vetal villaijes were froilin^ve to.' six 
days wtindering about the fields, frpm oijft 

H 2 


jplace to another, without returning home. 
In short, every body appeared so misera- 
ble, the hardest hearts must have wept on 
beholding this great desolation of tiie peo- 
ple, and have quitted all amusenients to as- 
sist them. ' ' 

In the month of September, there ap- 
peared in the river Saone, above Lyon, a 
prodigious quantity of small eels, of the size 
of a man's little finger, but po one dared 
to eafc of them. Great sickness now pre- 
vailed; and on the 19th of September 
Philihert duke of Savoy died at Pont 
d'Ain, not without suspicions of poison. 
He was succeeded by his next brother : the 
other was bishop of Geneva. 

In the year 1505 died the lady Jane 
duchess of Berry, and was interred in a 
chapel, within the castle of Bourges she 
had founded and endowed. From St 
John's day of last year until that feast in 
this, the season was most sickly, and every 
thing very dear< Wheat sold at Lyon irom 
iwenty-six to twenty-seven sols the bichet ♦ ; 

+ Bichet, — a measure of uncertain quantity,—: 
from 70 to 54 pounds weight of corn,— of 36 pounds of 
eheshuts. ... ' 



tfrfd froTA the scarcity in the country V*ifr' 
puftibers came from the villages toLyoft to^ 
Beek charity. Sonje left their houses enApty/ 
others their wives and children, and the wo- 
men their husbands arid children.. Great 
part of them died, although every person 
who had wherewithal gave them food}^ 
for alms were as abundantly bestowed iii 
Lyon as in any city of its size. ^ 

A pestilential disorder now raged, 
which cbrried off immense numbers in the 
hospital, both rich and poor; and this pes- 
tilence sefemed to be felt every where, 
for, in the mouatains of Savoy, several 
died of it, and of hunger, so that many farms 
were this year uncultivated. 

During Lent, the king of France had 
the bones of his late fether, Charles duke 
of Orleans, removed from Blois to Paris,^ 
and interred in the chapel of the Celes<» 
tins at Paris, which the dukei» of Qrleans 
had founded. Every kind of honour was 
paid to them during their removal, and at 
their re-interment, — and it was a magnifi- ; 
cent spectacle. 

About this time, the king was taken 
with so serious an illness it was thought he 


^uM: dVo I|is 9o^les an4 courtiers, wfxts 
Qapph gnev^ : many of them padf ^\- 
yep yaws. smicI pilgrimages ; apd. pr4;>c^^ip|i9: 
were or^^re.d thrpughput t^e reijro, to of- 
fer up prayers to Ji;gus Christ fof thei 
((uig's recovery » which was; granted. W Wte 
. l|e ley speechless, he had a visioo, which 
he reJ^ited; and it was so marvdlpus tb^t. I. 
firmly believe. H |o be? mof^ at mirficle tfeoA 
^t^y thing elsev A short tim^. aUcr bis re- 
Qpyeiy, the king solicited. the, pppe.'tp gfftn)^ 
Ai^uHhffpT l^s kingdom of . Fran,cei afsd: 
qtber. pai^tft undef . hk domiiilon, withpnti 
stay. «xp€;pses, Qa the. 20th of Jtme, tj^ 
feapt ot^St I^ter aijd St FaHj,u*gr«** pre- 
cession took place* in wbicK: the ho$t Wil* 
cfenied -?«. m jGo^-pus-Ch^sti-r.dfeiy, wbep the 
laitg, knojwiijg how earnestly hiap«pptehsA 
pmyed for, tfea restorsiitioA of. hig bon^ttit 
w&i)hiUnpj^;showi him^' upgrgtefoLbfife 
tft T4&war(l theoj* sofeiilKsd olt t^>pft fef 
liiis free jubilee. 

In thia y«ar, cbn Fsed^isk-xOf^: N%t. 
pi^cL died, to. whom, the king^ hsd. hsteisd; 

with the utmost liberality ti^$K<^|p hk> 
olaiBsis oa Ni^lea. 

Inth&year LS^diod*- I»h^i^p«Bfl^ 




i)f S^ain, wh6; dtri-ln* tlife wSi^' «f Gm- 
nadarhad-sfacywiigrbf^valbur drid ffrU8bhc6. 
IW kio^ of Spain t^sfe ttftei^dM^ faSfrifed 
to the sister of the loid df Fbix, thtdU^li 
the interference of thfe king of I^jftuicfei 
wKo, in comidtemtfbn of the tAatch, rfimk 
sooak agf€efti6iit§1vith the king of S^aiA re- 
specting Iloussilloi^ and Naples. 

A war how to6k- plaftie bfet^dte" th« 
duke of Saroy and th6 ValoiSleiiS, IWI it 
was soon made an end of— Iii the nibiitH 
of Jutyi a, general chapter of th^ CfiiMeUers 
^jfasheld at Rome, ^hich h^ «6t'Bfe'gil 
done since the dektli' 6t th^if fa^Mtfei- St 
Frtmcis. li Wa^ diiised,' ai ssiici, by tTM 
ffefofmadon of tlk "G^rdeBirrf iii Frai4d6; 
which difesaitisfied. §ev^raF 6f ftfe fi^tktiifyi 
•^and it Was iA tbl^ ckapt^i- ct^t^eiiihinl 'l^ 
th^ pop^, that there^ shtfiild' lir onl}' M 
KfOdek 6f li^Kiig aM)A^ thdfi} ; 'ftilii' ' sifbH 
«' baa be^A- refbrh^ed' sfiotild iei^i? ' sb : 
e&iiSeq«efitly, 8111 tHe' convents' of Ccf^^i 
Berfr jii ' Fi-aftce MUbNi^ th6 hifes of ^ M^' Cfe^ 

Atlfes' ffiiie" ako;^ a 'gfetfefial' chapiei^ of 
the knights of Biiodes waa hdden at 
Rome, and many knights were dvdiwned! 
in coming thith^i from tempests at sea. 


On the 18th of July, the feast-d&y of 
St Pantaleotie, a general pardon was grant- 
jed to all repentant and confessed sinners^ 
who should bequeath money or lands to 
the churches founded by the knights of 
Khodes. This was done on account of a' 
great victory the new grand master, bror 
ther to the cardinal of Amboise,had gained 
over the Turks/ He had defeated their 
whole army, which was worthy of re- 

On Ascension-day, in this year, the 
count of Angoul6me*, the second person 
in France, was betrothed, at Tours, to the ' 
princess Claude of France, only daughter 
to Louis XII. by Anne of Brittany, which 
caused great feasts and rejoicings through- 
out the kingdom. — The reverend father in 
God the lord Francis of Rdban, son to the 
marshal of Gi6, and, archbishop of Lyon, 
made his public entry into that city on the 
14th of August. . Many inysteries were 
exhibited in the streets, through which h^ 
passed, and they were air hung with, ta-, 
pestries. On )the following day, the feast of 

♦ Count of Angoulfeme,— afterwards Francis I. 
king of Fjranca ^ 


tlie AsQuiiiptioli of our' Lady, he chaunted 
the high mass jat the cathedral of St John 
hi his archiepiscopal robes. 

This year, the duke of Gueldres made 
war on that part of Guelderland dependant 
on the archduke. 



The archduke Philip, during his residence 
at Bi^gos in Spain, died, on the g^thof 
September, in this year 1506. — ^The: queen 
of Hung;^ died also on the feast-dity i of 
our Lady, in August, haying been brptight 
to bed a fortnigj^t before of a son, njsimed 
Loijis. The n^arquis of Brandettbourg wa^ 
prpxy for the king of Fi^ce, at his christeor 
ing. She left a daughter likewise, three 
years. of ^ge,; — and both cljiildren lived. 

. In.Lombardy, there wai^a nun of the 
order of Jacobins, who, like to St Catherine 
of Sienqi^ had, every Friday, marks on her 


temds and feet similaur to th« ii^mii^ df 
our Sariouf, thfet rail blood, ^feh appedt* 
ed to all who saw it very niarv^eHoui. 

^ * 

CHAP. XXI. ';i^ 


PorpR Julius Hi wttighterg' in hid ihiiid that 
the whole of the territ<*ie*of Bologna were 
the patrimony of the church, made prepa- 
r^ions tb ^ reduce thetb to his obedience; 
Thk'city and territory had b^en usi^d, 
and beM< (ry force fbt some* time; b^Jr* sir 
John de Bentitoglio. Tf he po|)C cbiisidtei'- 
iAg. thdt there was no prince in alf Chris- 
endom^isd' well able to- afield him suppoit' 
16 this^piv>J6efc as the king of France (that' 
fn«a pillar cif the church> who^ hacf bee© 
e^efy^ whei^ victorious), made hfln ab^ 
quainted T^i^itSi liis^ clkims^ and^ intbtt- 
tions ofJ rtcoveriiifg* the bologii^se ter- 
rttoiiesi ' ■ ' 

Itie Itifi^r eagep t& se^e iHe holy' 


dburch, ordered a larg^ detachmeot of men 
at arras to join the pope's fcrces from the 
Milanese, for him to use at his pleasure. 
The pope's army w^ besieging Bologna 
on the side toward Rome, — but when 
joined by the French, it was^ besieged on 
all sides. This took place in the month 
of Octoben 'The French, stationed on 
the side toward Modena, behaved very 
gallantly, and won Castel-iraneo> which Avas 
plundered because the gaxrisoh wodd not 
surrender. The pope's army^ gained ano. 
thex castle»*-^aad both armies showed so: 
notueh oourage, the Bolognese were a^to*^ 
niched and frightened : they fouxid them-* 
selves closely besieged, and that it wouhi 
he impossible for tbem to resist th© pope 
and the king of Fraitce4 Finding/their si* 
tu9jtion desperate, tliuey surrendered tbeni- 
seW^ to the popev haviing driven sir John 
die Bentivoglio. out of Bologna, who, a&Ii 
have befiire said, held the town by forces 
although it lawfully belonged to the^ 
pope. ^ 

The pope ofii^ed up. thanksgivings to 
God the Creator for his^ success^ and- 
chaunted hi^^ ma»; nu>8t devojutty^ onu AU^ 


souis-day; in the church of St Peti^onilla in 

' ; : 

A '. 


♦ * 


About this time, there resided a young 
lady in the Milknese, who had been taught 
the rudimients of grammar at ^even years 
of age, arid was so earnest in her studies 
that> at fourteen, she was eloquent to a . 
degree that astonished all who heard 

She was descended from the noble fe-^ 
mily of the Trivulces. Her fethef, called 
John, was an able knight and good scho^ 
lar, as were all of his &mily. Her mo- 
ther's name was Angela, a noble lady of 
the race of the Martipengois, In praise 
of this young lady, the verse of Prosper 
may be well applied, — ' Naturae ^ sequitur 
seipina quisque sure/ Her mother was not 
a learned lady, although full of virtue ; 
but the daughter was so devout and ela* 



quent, irf her prayers, that she seemed more 
angelic than human ; and if she continues 
to abound in such virtues, and to live 
thus sanctified and devout, she will de- 
servedly be worthy of her reputation of a 

At twelve years of age, she became a 
great disputant, and was invited into the 
companies of the most learned, as well se- 
cular as ecclesiastic, — ^among whom were 
the bishop of Lausanne, an eminent scho^ 
lar, her uncles the bishop of Cumense* 
arid Francis Trivulce, of the order offran- 
ciscan firiars, when several disputations took 
place, — and great praises were given to 
this damsel. She understood philosophy^ 
history, and different sciences, was mistress 
of Seneca, Aristotle, and Pietro of Raven- 
na. Whatever she saw or heard at ahy of 
the places she visited, she related the 
whole to her father, on her rettiirn home^ 
as exactly As if it had been written down. 

She was skilful in poetry, and one day 
composed so long a poem her master was 
surprised at her talent. She became soon 

^ Camepse. Q, Coino i 

expert in the greek tongue, and wrate many 
letters, in that and in other langu£^es» 
that were greatly admired by all the 
learned to whom they had been addressed^ 
She was most patient in adversity, makkig 
a joke of it : in short, every thing she did 
or said was miraculous^ and unlike to a 
' > human heing. When marriage was/spokea 
of to her, she replied, that e^ would never 
marry a man whom she did not know to 
bie a^ pure in virtue as hei^elf. 

The Genoese, acting according. to theii 
accustomed treachery, fbi^g^tful of the 
crimes they had committed, and been par-^ 
doned for by the king, now rebel^led against 
him, and chose &r their doge one called 
Paul Noyus*, who had been a silk dy^r. 
The king, heariijig pf this, resolved toraas*c^ 
in person jLgaixi^t them, ajnd reduce tbem to 
his obedience,, notwithstanding the great 
Reparations the Genoese had made for re* 
sistance. They had^ among other things^ 
erected a bulwark they thought impregna- 
l?le ; but some bold french adventurers hav- 
ing secretly mounted this^ bulwark^ the 

* Raul Noy ua^. Paul di Nwe. 


hearts of the Genoese failed them, and they 
fled into the town. They now offered to 
surrender themselves to the king*s mercy, 
^ho, from his uncommon benig^iity, and 
wish to avoid the effusion of humap blood, 
pardoned them, and entered the tpwn with 
^s whole army, where he had a iQ^gnifi- 
cent reception* Their lately-eLeoted doge, 
jPaul da Nove, wqs taken at sea by a french 
barJk, when ms^ing his escape, brought b^k 
to Genoa, and beheaded. From this time 
foirward, it was publicly proclaimed, that thf^ 
populace should not shout * Adorne Fres 
gose* !' which they had been accustomed tq 
do befpre this l^^t reduction of t]pi^ towp. 

♦ Fregose. Q. Fiesco } 



CHAP. xxin. 


I • * * 


The king of France, about this time, 
through th6 means of the cardinal of Am-: 
boise, concluded a treaty at. Cambray 
between the pope, the .emperor, the king 
of Spain, and the lady Margaret, gover- 
ness of the low countries. This treaty, al- 
though of no long duration, was the cause 
of the deaths of two hundred thousand 
men, as you will hereafter see, through 
the treachery of the confederates, in va- 
rious battles and engagements that took 
plaee ; and what is worse, we of the pre- 
sent- time^ unless God shall be pleased to 
apply a remedy, are still suffering from the 
effects of this unfortunate treaty . 

The king thought to obtain by it a 


lasting peace and.alliaoce witib the adjoin^ 
y^ pi^nc^; but be wa^ deceived, 89 was 
apparent at the timc^ of* the ajQ^r of Pes^ 
chierj)^ against the yen0tii8^nsr5 fi>r b^ alone, 
of all ,tlpu5 confederates, took the field, 
crossed the Alp$, and, advanced . to Milan* 
Hcf thence marched his army, and whajt; ist 
worthy of remark, had all the bridges 
broken down he psussed over, to show that 
flight would b^ peedlesa. His first : con^ 
que$): was the castle of Trevi. / He then 
marched his army to Peschiera, near to 
which was Agnadello, where the battle was 
fought. Five 4ay$ after the camp had been 
formed at Peschiera, the Venetian army was 
attacked, and completely routed, chiefly 
by the great exertions of the lord of Bour-^ 
bop, whq. fought manfully : there was great 
slaughter. The confederates never thought 
that this could have been accomplished by 
the french army alone." Indeed the Vene- 
tians would not believe it until the count 
de Pitigliano, who had fled with the re** 
serve, convinced them of its truth. This 
battle took place on the 14th of May, Jus| 
six days afler the king arrived in the camp, 
and it was certainly very f<^^imate. . Thug 


m Vealr lasi^ but At^ days ; for after such 
a victory, thiere ^as nothing to prfevdrit ttie 
kirig obtaining Slu Hi§ demands. 

^ T r^|)€^t, that t!his siiccess was very for- 
tunate, considering how advantageously 
the ' enemy were ' posted, the number of 
strong places in their possession, and the 
rtrefagih of their armies; for they had 
cfio^ to ' oppdse the confederates iri the field 
and t6 guard 'their strong holds. In their 
camp \*ere mord than seventeen hundi^ed 
men at arms; light cavalry to the aihouht 
of nine thousand five hiindreBi arid twenty- 
two thousand MnfantrV tveiy arnted; ■ with 
twenty pieces of' large artiller5^ ntdch su- 
. perior to what the king had, and Also the 
best captiainiS in all' Italy to cotnmand this 
army,' particularly /sir Bartholomew d*Al- 
viafio, the chief, tafken prisoner as he wias 
rallying a body of fnfantry; ^ * 

N umbers of the most renowned ' of 

-tlie Venetian <jiaptains Were made pi^iSoners 

this day, and sent to diiferet?t^strong' castles 

rh France, — their banners to the church of 

St Deni^.- Not more than two* hundred 

a - 

were -slaiii -of the ^king's army, while ' full 
filtifteh th<)usiand^ fell on the Side of the 


^Efemf. 'After the battle; thfe-kitig ordered 
th^ dead m>ik biified;' and a'chri{)ef W be 
erected on the spot, endowM'^Stifficiently 
-fat ■ ^ ifterebration • of' daily ' ittaisek tor the 
§tWlsi of those wlib had died in ' ti state of 
*gir&ce. It was not long aft^i^ard before 
those towns iirhich^ the Venetian^ had Usurp- 
5edJ' Surrendered' 'to the king's obediehce,-^— 
«ti<fli'«is Bergamo, 'Brescia, Cl^Wa, Cremo- 
^, thiit had formed part of the duchy of 
'Miillfi.'--;'! •'.''• '•">•'••: ' ■ ■ '■ 

' Itie- poJ)4, Iti'lifce manner, recovered 
tlibie 'pfe'iyiSp th^t had been taken from the 
chui<^,* riahiely; 'Ravetina, Imola, Faienza, 
and Forli. iTh<^''ebi^tor Ma^rtiiliaii re- 
giaihed' from- the ^Vfe^ietians his totviis of 
Verorfe., Vicenza, and Padua,— ^b'ut this last 
he did not keep long. Whether through 
tfegligenfee or fean he had never dared to 
tdme to thie king's camp/ notwithstanding 
liis repeated promises: the king, however, 
gave hitti a large body of men, under the 
command of the lord de la Palisse, to re- 
gain the city of Padua,— and it was long 
besieged, but nothing effectual wto done 
at last 

The king of Snain also regained the 

I 2 


9Xhe^ of which,, tlje .Vene^ans, badj pM- 
$eased) themselviQj}.. , : . • : :'.!., 

; W,hen all tfejft W beeij don« ti^^gh 
the iR)ftup9^e vicltpiy of tlj^ kiijig of FraUKse, 
wi^p hat} smppprted the pQpe like.$. true 90^ 
of , tl»e, church, and . , had; sp eswntiaUy 
served hiiHi in the n^storatipn. of SplogPft 
by the expulaion of Bentivoglics »n4. in 
various o^er wfty$,-*-i>ptwithstan4iRg itf 
these proofe of his friendship, pope J[iiUus» 
at the ipst|gat|on of :t][ie Venetians and 
others, foraie4 , auk, alliance, Maii^st; hiffi* 
andi having joined his arms wit^;^ ^ tjig^ of 
Venicei ^pok Udinaand Mirandpla; wh^^h 
last he restored tp Jpbn Fraqcisoia Picus» 
who s^led hiiijself the true Jprd.of ^it,, . 

To return to the king, of Frapce: aftff 
his victory over tjie Ven^ti^s, hci^ wept.jt^ 
Milan» where a.inagnifiqent:triui»phal cjn^iy 
w^ prepared for hin(if aile^'uthe oianQ^r of 
the ancient ^ Bomanis. BriUiai^t cftf s, full 
.of the handsomest and bc^t dressed, ladie^ 
in Milan, went out to jteec* him,— and the 
|)eople greetei^, him, with .acclainationi^i cow- 
paring him to Coesar, for having conquered 
^m^^ reduced to his suWection those ifrho had 



, 1. 


Wore. / // 

The king» paving had so handsome a 
tecf^ptiQQe in M}l»n, y^mt thi^noe Ko S^von^ 
Kr^rc^j^eivas^ine^ by» Jperduiaad, >who had 
(XHnerthith^F with, a Jt^umeroiiis il«et of gal- 
kysi^rth^ purpose. -The king. oft^France 
fiaeeiv^ hvook ; ftod Jus queen with much 
kiodoiWy mid ^y( made ^ood cheer toge- 
^r, T^'J^oy ^confirmed theii; peace by 
dividing the eucharist between them at the 
holy sacrament; but it lasted not long, not- 
whbstaiil&ig 'tbv^^eittfalioayr as lyoh > ^mA 
bibeofi^ seb. /flliere fu«^i^ 
» good^rsalbjof 'theii^tci^^citeces'^filtrd'pb^ 
Jlnsesij^fUMi one df then^insEla^ host^ 

ooghy talhaye amtioifed^'btiriritt^ «<^>^ 
SmmixDknlkm ansflt^ea faift»ia j^^idear foir* 
petpiitts 61 #kiki'^<l»ey:iiw% tnitoeetit^ aifd^ 

W «D^'«©ltoerti^ftiiU nioo v;o'; nv:/ i[ 'A L 

.'•1 ,j.f!>l v'>,it .Ji"' 'A .bii.7 ' '-^ -" Vj^i' i 


«./ . U ,0::'/.' .. -'.u ii : . I M . , ; .:>.: 

*o> .'..J ';^^:i.'}.^ d Ti.; In -/;•.' ^.'.^1.. /..-tt 


CHAP. XXIV. ;>^^i9<f 

A WAK BETWEEN POPE ' JUEfu^t A«i}11«i 
KINO OF FRANCE/ 0^ ACOcmNf^^^f'^fi 
DUKE OF FERBARAi.*— ^A cmjSbit' dF>*ii!i 
THE EMPEROR' MAadlMlL(A39i>^4N^ ' -THlS 
KINO ; 0F> bHAJICfe, ¥0''THE ■DISSATI^J^C'^ 
■THEFRBNCHi j.-v .'•.-: o: I'. ;^o • ;lj ;.--.i!;I i 

About, thi&; tip^ooithaotoimi of iMimtsdola 

aod thfe towiiKO^ Uidaiaieb^vered upttoottie 
king o|j tJ^^ Roip^HKiiJJ iThe: iinbffqi|iB9'.£!£ 


time ^(terrihe €a«Jy>-€btaijaed Wsci&B^a 

A iresh war now comi»j^i(u)Qii J^^^^ak tbii 
pope and the duke of Ferrara, an ally of 
France, — for which reason, the king left 
the count -Gaston de Foix, whom he had 
lately created duke of l^^emours, his lieu- 
tenant-general in thq Milanese, who did 
marvellous feats of arms duriug his com- 
mand in Italy. 

' The »lc*d-*cardinal of Aibboi$e,f >«i' his 
return from Imly, felbisickJiatoL^nr, 
i^hd died there. HisiosieKvad ^n{i0](itas^M^ 
aft^nvaidi knoWnl ^ ^ although at nthe^ tifne 
some thought the 'coritrary ; 'but tJhey werfe 
tmacqabinted iwith his-niany^'tii^ues, and 
tlif good use he made ^of bU' * l^ints,-**^ 
<lunng thei whole^^ gS h^ adnkiliisitratipni • ^ he 
iadvked'lhis'^nyastef'with siiehr> wiiiidhi tliat 
the peijj)tel'\0er'ebeier> oveif-^taked." -.What- 
ever .^(>rikts>UiDg Jjom^ may HaveiCdttkdi oii 
in :Italy»> « the taxes* ?^erej neve?' >raiBfeA'above 
thew^ilsiteli rates; -but when' the > enemy Kt* 
tempteMtajlwribg the^wiar on the fteneh t€fr^ 
ritory,!^ becanie ^ absolute tneoesiai^ to 
incteaset^thanfJ ' i.y b • "f'! li •-'^' -..\' r,.- r 

: r The kingtTPa^, neit irithout ftniiidati<ft)> 
called. ' tbril father- of his^peOfife/'^iMtwitfi- 
standing that.>titlema|^^:hfiTe h«n give^ 
him: dariag^ hisi hfe^ throhgh> i)attery/ and 
the worth io£ etheii kdbg^'deba^r^^^the more 
to; exalt hi^n6#K': Iti lis inipos^ible to say 
too romid JI6f a rvidttudMisMoaan in< his' aJbtneo^^'; 
;biit;^«i^hten7fpFes^it,'^rto pbaifee hita smells 
strongly of the love of lucre. 

The catdinal-iegate'^ having lain in 
state for a short time, the body was em- 

baloiedt /fiat . isAo :H lead^a ,€oKtx, i and car- 
jried Jx> sEtDuen . &r intfimmkh iThei kmg 
aflame itljflnoe to filois, aQCorapaiiied;bjri^ 
'queen^itheti; fat gone iivith dudd of A^daugh.^ 
tor, a^iOlt tutn^d out-aitermanly iwrbom the 
jkddiig bad vowed to iliha holy St Jt^6» a 
bial^ aiiAngggs, Either (he m^uie a fib- 
gtimage widiJtJpie queen Mohen shelr^oofrer*- 
ed. TJm /^QUiig priacess waa chtbteikd 
Renie^—riuid the lodrd Jeas JacQifteB dt 
Trivuloe stood godfrther mth .the king;; > 
About ;thiis time, itke JPorfcu^ese made 
9QifDfi dmoytrifs sm lAnt ;k]»Dd of Offimf » 
on the coasit of Afri^>. ^here tk^ met 
^vages of a blackish' coloqr, wilih coudt 
tenances as if branded with hotiions, thick 
lipSr black and coatee .hair/ jresembling in 
thidcness thiit of a horse. Th^y had no 
beard, nor affiearance of any, or of hair 
ioa any parts <^' the body but on ih^ head 
and eye^bnms. Thdo: boats are jooade of 
the bark of trees, and sq. light> a man can 
with ease carry one !o£ them* . Ikar bows 
are bent with the sinews of 'wild beasts: 

* OraDi — a town, of Algiers. I ^ould jmagine 
this to be a mistake for some place on the soiitbern 
coast of Africa. 


their atsofvB of. caiie» headied with n •:i^s!tp 
stoat «r pieoe of fish-bone. They know 
JDoklldie UM of bread or wind, nor ^ viiiie 
-of' moneys 'and «rawl 'oti 'the eatfth like 
-b«^ist8« feettiRg on «aw ft^, ^ii»i 'C(»<6Mid 
tw^vkinllB ^for' clothing. l^bi&y'\\vt ^atrt «f 
^tlleir' itiiise < »i the «ea. ' ^o of-tlxese «»- 
*ive* • Wi?re'brdught '1^ some iNonnans^^ 
'Roura,^ ahd preseifted^' io^<the (l2ing;:4wit 
.theyidiiAtiObi^ive long, nor did' t^ othttlrB 
tfaeii7faiiudbig6ii^bvoiightJCO'£tnope< >- li 
> (But. to return to iMy former sobfedt): 
iflt g^Gji^Ma ^uncil 'WW'^i«<t)a^ed %'4fae 
^tnp^N^r, and kmg of ^'FmfKse, to tthe.^^raflt 
tliscontent of tiste pd^; '!'He had hrokeft 
•hb fiulh, 4>y instigating the king of Arra- 
!g<Mi, 4he: i^epnbiic of Vet^ctej^And'^iofelttrs, 
46 cdmtiien^^ a new wttr; cjiiitting- the dtan: 
=iit Si«^t Piifiiesr for the, car «f Mars, the god 
<oiF ^tirar, -dis^ying ik'ther fiieid of battled 
tr^le^ ctuMrHy "and <diet!pbig ini' w^MrhtoWevs. 
'Godl^owi'ivt^hitt; a {»ght«tf crosses; ^fitr^, 
«(ld saiil^ banfiers, wene fliittering' i*a th^ 
plains; and the devil took good care ue^ to 
tetee '*tt<ia4i^<M^ ' beti^idfions' W^ given 
itioali ^uhdttfiltl^v ail^'k'the<jke»pei^mtei. 
The mw <J6rnttii^nb«ii agoiiftst ih6 ^ke 

> »• J. 


pf JverrajBi ally: . to, 1 tjie , king, wkusst. many 
ef^gdjgenm'Ats took plkciB/* sieges^ we^e made 
9x^ / FSttae<i, ifoc j , it waS) jjconti»ued » witbaut 
iriterrltptmn, of i winter t and suipmer. Bo- 
logna 'W^ .b^eliegpd/fegr the. duke, of Ne- 
tocnirs^ who fioMd as vicejfoy in.Italy,.;and 
the BoJjognesa fled before; him, ^Pi^h^tih^ 
sf)OQ( i reconquered^ th^t town»'f^iasiyau«haU 
•fccfen ^rAbout;thi$ tmSfVope JiaUus. excited ' 
^fcwiiSwids to invftde the ^mhty, of; Milan, 
which they di€l;'ai|dradvaa<;6( tb#!w.$(Us 
xnBr jthat ■; city,, jDopiinitting pverying^rt of 
•nlischiefl, ,p»rtict(iai:ly /tq a, iQoqa^^iy. f(f 

jQUf^, whom, theyi Tayjghed, ;an4: ptmi4f9if^ 
dhp cym^eDt of. all within it. .. ,<, ., ,, ..ih 
. r Thje ;Jprid 4e Cpnti, like a.rt^oroi^ 
,kaigbt„ hastened <to their relief,, apd,,fjid 
jwohderts ;; but he ws?, . surrpmid§(i, ^m<^ fell, 
whiqh • wap ,a gyeaJfe, pi(|y.r-rSp>pn . aftca^, . the 
•diike iQtf, I^eii;)<:^rs n^ai^ ,^ ag3'>eflmf^j:v>v^ 
.t^m to return home, . on . receiying , a*) pum 
of , jflaoijey,— :which Jhey ^pcep^.a^nd . Jces- 
^a.t$d, : to ret:urn again, tq pe^k^ np^^ 

I . M The inhab^pts o^ , Bpeecia^ :were ..i;iQW 
.(u^fortunateily for tiiieiiit) a<Jyi«e^jtQ.gjijjt4;l>e 
• frejpph interest, ; aeduput, theo^^y/^siimder 

'^ • i 


the; jdomixiioalQf iVeittce^ ibr./ivrhieh tbejr 
se^eriily suffered, i In^ i like . Imahaer, i those 
ofl J BmgMKf. revdted . to i^e , Vene^ians^Ht^ 
but-tiife lOiBtles of ^batb 'plstees/irermitiedi )ii» 
the hands of the French, ^undet/t^ecin*^ 
xnaiidbi liofi able .oaptawiv Mrhoti gd&ntly 
stft^ the-' jkin^,^ (espeoiaU^) « iU ) tiis UitaHaiQ 
waiH tfet^ wiiiiih isiQHiie. '<if< ithjsm' weB^ \\mt 

held at Tours, then at Lyon, andtiii^ire^nredf 
to a general council at Pisa, where were 
many cardinals, ar^Ii6i^6ps, bishops, ab* 
bots, priors, aiiyd/ /9th^/ j prelates of the 
church. There were likewise some vfiry 
h&nMA^.th^Qpim$k 9iid<twaonnitp> to /whom 
thasi' aflSahr ^ would » afford fl9«ttpr ^fy. idisous- 

* The council — was held in 1510 at Tours, and 
attended by ajl the prel^t^s. and doctors of Franc^ 
£Alris%iri5r(Jposed ei ^^ fueiltorisi' i6iicm^\Ai ' /el 

i^tMfln d|4M^Af jff r99j(fi, ^kfm tW pofe%*»fe^eMrfi 

of the CAuncil jconnrmed the xing lu his resolution. 

for war. ^ . 

M4 ^i(ti^t'>^ y^Hhib^ <f «ikb :«ii|o^US) o^ tW 

csniic&iin t^ AmdcdtrsHin^s A»t^MfrctnJvUtiM^ 


siwki (Several essential / pobfits "irere deter- 
mined xm iathe different sessbns <i£itlits 
eeufiGsU ^blit, for' weighty rao&c^pB^i^the 
CDuliefl nnois transferred to Milsoii and'tlieitce 
to'i^o]i^>wbteeitrreimdned« : .i* ' 

/li ili^efreridi aimy suffered mdoh aibrtiie 
saiegtEi of Bologrtay from the^rigourf <tf)tim 
weather: but^ not^hsiaEindiiig tfak^ ihej 
were victorious, drove . but of tiie'i t;d«ni 
thie^i popel and Ims^ rarohbislfopsi oiidneiilered 

•ni+ •; •'-'<•; 'CHAP. XJ^vj- ••;;"'••! •-■'■■*' 



-•.:. . ''Ill) .' . ■■•; ■ ..■ ! •.■.,,- ! •, . \ 

W,H^N the duke of ,N<finburs heard, <g^thei 
ttiKcAt of Breflcia, .atkl. that the i^en^jwas 
h»i'<eiite<r««l the' tMi, iie ihstanll^' madte 
]^6|pamtibns to attaVife them, and -with ^i*at 
ailigence, marched day and night to iBr^ia; 

S^> l<,cai> {)roi]Di9e you»,< th^tttiEiej^Ag, Wl> 
a^niliat tiitie, an excellent artnyyM^and thfe 

liberal promises of the diikcf' df N^tti^!Ad^ 


iirged;jtb«m, oi^ so that tb9y were almost 
iiBiaedwtoly Wpn it. j, 

Thoie m the C9stler on ; the fif^, ap^ 
p«ari^Ci(| «f their ppMntrym^ q^W^d 
^ gajtQb.aod part ofi them fprx^ct^^th^r 
nifty tbtece ia tliei ;tqwn, Ala* l yi^Bt a 
deluge t w4^ut cries! what lameiit^^ions; of 
the pcjor cii^^ns ! Jt' is a great pity, anci 
wotKkEful how maay puffer in^Oi^, supr 
port df the <|iiarrels of princes an4 grciat 
•l(U*ds.r however, ^n this instancei they had 
(^»rved punishmentf for having wantonly 
bixdien their oaths of allegiance. 

The. duke of Nemours, had nosoQuer 
gained the castle and palace thian, ' liHe a 
great warrior as he was» he entered the 
towPn one arm bare, and his sword on 
his\wrisit^ shouting out ' France !' in whif^ 
he wafi echoed by ail Frenchmen. The 
Ven^iaoSi thuuderstrucki took to ilight 
ifchrottgh^ one of the gates, but numbers 
wem slain * and. made prisonerz^, of whom 
were many; of high WNEik in Veniice, who 
were sent to. France. 

* Nombera were slain. Guicciardini *ays, about 
eight thousand of the inhabitants and s^eiietian soldiers. 

intQ}the .p}^q, hoff&tv^g \}[\^t th^yr would 

rieJjjeye.Bmspj^^ but J(,bf)^^fthat,;whqj 
tb^jr leJ^TO^ what bqd pa^d there, , jthey 
changed t^f^ix^ int^iitiohsi. , r , 

.^ {^|:i|Oi^ thk tioie,. theipe livedo: in the 
toijrn qf Augshpurg a virgin^ nanoifd Aniif^t 
who h^d wrii^jcd 9t the age. of ioil^ ya^ars^ 
m4bP<M!t eatiug, drinHvag, sl^^pii^g^ orlivaving 
any na^fri^ evacuat^oi»!!! by wl^ifii' it 
may be iknowOi tb^ she wiif: uij^/derthe 
especial girace of our i Lord J^us ^Christ, 
— and she. had givep jb«r$elf up ,to, devout 
contemplatipnsr v . 

Anptb^Ft great wonder wag sj^cn in 
the city pf Ravenna^ where a monst^, was 
boiCQ with, a bona on its hcKjid^. wings of a 
batfi one foot like a bird of |)rey, the other 
like a human foot ! It had an eye on its 
knee, and was of both sexes ! It had a 
mark of a Y cm its breast, and an appear- 
ance of a cross, with a crescent beneath, 
— ^which signs, according to my lords the 
philosophers and prpgnosticator^, signify 
many thii^!! 




TAsM lamiisED the bn£my«' ' 

We miist now return to the wars in Italy, 
and elsewher*. • During the Iient of thf 
^feat lr5iS, (he dvdcie of Nemours mfurcbed 
his 'tony ^fore ll&Menna, wherein that of 
the pofie, .tite Venetians, and .Spaniards 
were seeld^ o^portunitieB to retaliate on 
the Fr6nch,«*>«nd thiey had : made {(feat 
Reparations for thM purpose* , The duke of 
Nemiours, Jbaving hiM infoismation of thjii^ 
advancett 4hither, accompanied ' by many 
nobles and valiant <4^)tiuns, au^h as th« 
iord d« la Palisae, the lord d'Alie^ 
and Jus sOn^ the lord J^ui J^^uos 
6f Trivulce, the lord de Cb^tUlw go<- 
^venior of Pariii^ the lord de ]MU»larc» 
Ma<^rOn, La Grottey anjl oth^r. officeis 
iof rraK>wn. Wfaien' hie had'a^^xoaiplilfid 


fiavmna, ^ F»»d> twined M»e time 
encamped from d 66(U'city <>f pioviaon, and 
tnany sufiFered by it Perceiving that their 
9>pplier had foiled* like btfdy iiffurrii^, 
stirred ^oq .\ij the . eager, desire of the 
dvke cf Nemours for the cembi^^^y 
reach/ed, . on the eve of .E]9Ster^d9^y< to<^^ 
the «ifeffiy battle .qr tb« nQfTQWa wbidi 
ivasthe feastof the ResurrtetioB <^oia]r JL^. 
The French advanced boldly to the 
oomlbatr httving their Lar^lkarjf inafroxilL, 
iirhich played four hottte inecsMiitljri md 
did great damage to the Spani^rdiB*^ ftv^ 
cipally to their moi at arnif. Some: $pti^ 
niardu sallied out of theif camp, md the 
Planch rtffihed in^ — ^wben botli |»rtJMis im^ 
and two superb and bold nations might 
then be seen contending with wuiBge asd 
earnestniesi for the vict^My* Nevtv was 
heard such clattering of swords and lancet: 
the gallatit duke of ii&lmiits . haalencd for- 
ward» >%l^iig mMt woBdibi&Uy, to enoou- 
l^ge his v^n ; and it was for some time 
lincertain which side woidd ha\Fe< tht ad- 
fantager— for the %aniaid& stuouted at 
times 4 Victoty f JuUus, JtiUus !' at ^lieRt, 
the J^tQGb cj^ ottt ' Victsiy, . Nemovrs. 1' 


At l^Bgth, t)M French ii^qfde ,^Mit etie- 

• iDuriiig tiie batHe^ the lard de Molare 
wds iktUcd by a Ganiioi]Hihot,--«a grtat lo» 
to th^ kingt for lie was a valkmt and ea- 
terpnslng <»iptain. He led that day the 
ffaiQh In^try, • a most courageous aod 
steady hand. La Grotte and e&pteifi J^ 
cobs> ipvii6 commanded the Lamqfiienets^ 
were among the iuMt of the ahMi; tod 
tiidir loss was a heavy Mow: howevef/ 
both FfMLcb and Loosqaenets advanced 
with gpeater courage to revienge the deaths 
of thehr eaptekis, aad pushed o» until they 
eome to where the baggage was, and some 
fiunished adventiMrs bad already begun< 
to knod£ in the heads of the casks of dif- 
i^ent wii^s, — ^when, having drank their 
fill, tl]^y ran away as fast as they could : 
not 80^ the ^aniaids, Trho» still held on 
fighting — ^for' I ca& assure you, that these 
Spanish troops were no way fsdntheaited, 
and there- had not been so severe a 
ba^e fought as.thaer for a long time« 
May God pardon those who were killed 1 
The remnant of the Spaniards and 
Italians that escaped wandered here 

/ • 



and • thei^. Upwarcte of twenty of the 
great lords of Italy lay dead on the field. 
Tfaerd w^re many prisoners khade : in the 
Ruiiiber were Pedro de Nararre, don John 
de Candoiia, ' the marquis of Pescwa, Po^^ 
marey. Epinbse, Castinagb^ John Antony 
Vo ino,' the* count de Montelon, the mar- 
qcils ude iBetonde, the marquis de TEs- 
telk> thereon to the count of Consege,- 
ixid othmts of renown. No one knew 
what ' bebanie of the duke du Traict, ^ 
^ho was of their company. The' viceroy 
#f ^^les saved himself by flight, until be 
gamled the seashore, and embarked for 
Naples. The marquis de la Padulla and 
thecoiint del Popolo made good a retreat 
bbfbfethe end of the conflict, with eleven 
or twelve hnpdred* horse, as well men at 
aiUis as light cavalry, and from si'xteen 
to seventeen hundred infantry, t e remains 
of their, army, and saved themselves as 
well as they could. 

Nmnbers of Frenchmen were doubt- 
less felain> for tiie Spcmiards fought with 
ilic utmost bravery ; and when the french 
jofea ait arms returning from the pursuit, 

* Djuke du Traict. Q^ Utrecht i 


pissed over th^ field of battle, the wounded 
laid hinds on any swords near theni, 
and, in the miserable state thev were in 
on the ground, cut the legs of the hotSv.i^ 
the French v^ ere moun'^ed on. 

Pope Julius was at Rome when news 

I * » 

of this event was bruu;?ht him. God 
knows how he bore it, for he had been 
a very great sufferer in that battle. The 
instant he herd it, he would Have set 
off without delay, fearing that the Freay:!h 
would follow up their victory, and come 
to seek him even in Rome. ' , ^ 

After this defeat^ tlie illustrious and 
gallant duke of Nemours^ havmg perceivea 
a sroall body of the enemy tiiit ha.i iiot 
dispersed, like a magnanimous prince, but 
too unmindful of the signal victory God 
had just given him, required of the noble? 
and captains around him, that they would 
be pleased to march with him and drive 
them away. Some of them who, from long 

' 9 

expericince, knew the uncertainty of the 
chances of war, remonstrated with him on 
being too adventurous, and that he should 
remain satisfied with the success he had 
gained. Notwithstanding the truth of these 
remonstrances, he persisted in his resc 


lution, and said aloud, * Ijet all who love 
me, follow me/ Upon this, the lord i' Ale- 
gre, his son, Maugeiron, the bastard of 
Cliete, seeing him thus determined and 
already advancing followed him. 

The duke of Nemours was the first 


to attack this body of the enemy^j who 
were greatly superior in number ; and 
the gallant prince , performed such feats, 
of arms as astonished them, apd cleared 
all around his horse with such rapid and 
mortal blows that none dared approach 
him. It was a grand sight to view so 
young a man displaying such extraordi- 
nary courage. TTie enemy, observing how 
few the French were, and that no rein- 
forcements were coming to them, recovered 
their courage and surrounded the young h^ro. 
They first killed his horse, and then fell 
upon him with battle-axes, pikes, and 
every sort of weapon, that he, and all his 
companions^, died a glorious death. 

This was a most heavy loss to France, 
for he was a magnanimous prince, worthy 
to be placed on a triumphant throne in a 
temple of brave men^ His liberality and 
fjahkness. had gained him the love of the 


army, who would have followed him any 
where, even without pisiy,— and within four.* 
months he had gained three dedisiv^ bs^es^ 

'V^hen this melanclioly event' was 
known, the lord de la Palisse and other 
(^pt^ns hastened to revenge his loss, and 
put to death the whole body of the ene- 
my that had slain the duke, the lord d'Ale- 
gre and the others, without suffering one 
to escape. They thence marched to besiege 
the city of Ravenna, which thejf took by 
storm, killed the greater part of the in-^ 
habitants, and plundered the town : there 
was miich confusion, for it was almost 
entirely destroyed.' > Whea this was done, 
the french returned to the field of the 
lat6 battle, to raise the bodies Of the duke^ 
of "Nemours and the other lords^ to give 
them an honourable interment in sacred 
ground. The body of that most noble 
prince and viceroy of Italy;^ was carried 
in mournful triumph to Milan, fix>m the 
ground where he had fallen, to be mBg-^ 
nificently interred becomiog so great ^ 

The body of tJte duke of Nemours 
arrived at Milan thi6 ^Oth of Apri^ ia 


the year 1412, preceded by all thepri* 
8oner9 taken at the battle of Ravenna. 
The banners^ guidons^ and .standards the 
French had so valiantly conquered, as 
well firom.the Italians as from the Vene-, 
t)ans and Spaniards, and of the different 
lords who had Men in this battle^ were 
borne before him, whick added joy inter- 
mixed with. grief at thisf mournful inter* 
ment. Great order was. observed in the 
processioQr— and it was a triumphantly 
melancholy spectacle. The nobles and 
captains were in deep mourning, — ;and 
there was no he^Mrt so hard not to weep 
on seeing bis body thus ciurried untimely 
to the grave. His pages and atteodants 1^ 
his h<^rses of parade and for war : his hehpet 
and victoriouVsword, as lieutenant general 
for the king, were borne before the body, 
Xn short, those of his, army, who attended 
the funeral were loud in their lamen^ 
tations ; for they had always found him 
liberal and courteous, and never sparing of 
his own personal efforts in war. 

The principal inhabitants and church- 
men of Milan caille put to meet the, body, 
dressed in mourning tdbaks and hoodsji with 


a blaze of lighted torches, on which were 
the arms of the deceased emblazoned. The 
body» surrounded by two hundred of the 
c^ieest lances in the army and a nume- 
rous escort of infantry, was conducted, with 
^reat pomp of grief^ to the cathedral, 
where a mo8t solemn service was per- 
formed for the repose of his soul. 

Thiok bow great mu^ have been thte 
sorrow:of the king and queen, when they 
heanl of thijK lad event at Blois, for they 
loved him as if he had been their own 
child ; f and I can assert for truth, that 
those who had , never seen him bewailed 
his Ipss^ on • the reports th^y had heard of 
his uncon^€»i virtues and gallantry. May 
Qod receive hissoull 




' i . » ; 

• / 

• 4 

AfTER this battle of Raven^ • Irhere, a* 
well as in the preceding' t!ttes/^]^tquail* 
tities of human Wood vterk shed, pftiici* 
pally of the Itkiiiam and their aUie9,-i-but 
also of the Frfcndi, and of some of the no^ 
Uest families^ by which many ladies and 
damsds in France liectone widows md erf- 
phans. IW generals, or at least those ^ho 
had the management oTthid' finances fi*^ 
the army, imagined that, by the happy 
event of this battle, all Italy was subdued, 
as &r as Rome, if not farther, and dis- 
banded great bodies of infantry at the very 
time when they should have sought rein- 
forcements, to garrison the towns and cas^ 
ties that had been lately conquered. ' 

When this conduct was noticed, by 
certain bloodsucl^ers and turbulent spirit^^ 
tjrey collected troops in divers parts* to 


endeavour to regain honour by attacking 
the French; for^ seeing them dispersed. in 
their garrisons, they were aware that cou* 
rage, when disunited, is hot so much to 
be dreaded as when in a collective body. 
The holy father the pope, smarting from 
the losses he had suffered from the French^ 
three times excited the Swiss-cantons to rise 
in arms against them, for they had 6f late 
been neglected by the king of France. 
They chiefly depend, for their maintenance, 
on pensions from kings and princes,— and 
the pope having made the bishop of Sipa 
a cardinal, he was an active and able tool, 
by his public preachings and intrigues, to 
prevail on them to comply with tile washes of 
his holiness. Maximilian also, having turned 
his coat, was to allow them an entrance 
to Italy through his territories of the Vero- 
nese and elsewhere. The Spaniards likcr 
wise assembled from various parts of Italy ; 
and they all advanced toward Milan^ whence 
the government had been withdrawn to 
France, so that the poor Milanese were in 
desjjiair, and knew not how to act. How-^ 
ever, the French having left: them, thej^ 
as usual, fell in with the strongest, and the 


enemy was admitted into the town. The 
castle was held by the French, under the 
command of the lord de Lou vain ; and other 
castles were also in their possession : that 
of Brescia was held by the lord d'Au- 

When the French were returning from 
Italy^ a sharp skirmish took place at a 
bridge near to Pavia, between a small body 
of irjench adventurers and the enemy, and 
they were inhumanly treated by the towns- 
men. Among others of their villanous acts^ 
I shall mention one. A Frenchman, una- 
ble to keep up with the rest, was met by 
an inhabitant of Pavia, who said to him, 
'My friend, I love the french nation: 
come, I beg of you, to my house, and I 
will save you from being killed.' The 
poor adventurer, confiding in his fair words, 
followed him ; but he was no sooner with- 


in his doors than he treated him most 
brutally, cut off his private parts, and 
thrust him into the street in his shirt, bawl- 
ing aloud, ' Here is another Frenchman !' 
on which numbers rushed out of their 
doors, and hacked him to pieces with their 


There was 'another inhabitant of Pavia 


Who bad even devoured the heart oF a 
Frenchman^ by way '6f revenge. ' 

I am persuaded that all the eVils that 
have befallen Italy have been caused by 
their wickedness, and infamous practices 
similar to those of Sodom and Gomorrah. 
The air would be ihfected» were I to retite 
them. May God amend them, and all 
others! On the other hand, the French 
have a shameful custom (which was in- 


creased when in Italy) of blaspheming out 
Lord Jesus Christ, and our Lady, with 
divers indecent oaths, in which they seem 
to take plt^ur^. Gbd may, perhaps, have 
been angered by such detestable Uasphe- 
mies, and by that great vanity with which 
the French are always filled, and suffered 
them to experience the late unfortunate 
jeversesp to show that irom Him alone cowe 
victories and good fertune. 

The French, on leaving Italy, were iii 
a great alarm, — and they were bO rejoiced 
when returned to .France, they attribuied 
it to the favour of Heaven, Such are the 
chances of this world. 

In this year of 1512, pope Julius, re- 


J^rmPS)«yil for gpod, v^ violqntJy anl- 
ipat^d i^gainst tfai^ French ; and baving 
partly accompUab€td^bi$:Wish of beijag tbe 
cbwf RWse ^ ih^iT pif^\\\sion from Italy^ 
diedjit Rome in tbejfliqth year of bip |K)i^ 
t^e^. May Qq^ P^^^ ^^ * 

About thi9 ti^eij^ a trace was concluded 
between tbe kingy of France «fid of Ar« 
rngon, for a ce^rtain ^pace of time. Leo 
X, was now the reigi|ing ppp^ ; be was 
consecratecL at Rpine tl^e |$u€ces^r of pope 
Julius I J* Leo w^s ; ai nfttive of Florence 
©f very wealthy, and renowned ^ paienti* 
His father was LorenzQ; de^ Medici, to whose 
&mily Louis XL, king of Franee, had 
granted permission to add, the three, floweis 
4e luoe to their armori^ bearing^s*. 

* I must refer the reader, for further pe^rticular$^ 
of the frencfa wars in Italy, to Guicciardini and other 
Italian historians, and to Mr. Roscoe'^s l\V^ of Lorenze 
de Medici and of Leo X. The grant of lottisnXI* to the 
Medici, to bear thefufnp* vf F^^ni^e, is ia tbe appendix 
U> Coroines. 

« / 


) ) 

or tHB VTAlklN QUIEI«Mtt.'~-'rRE KING OV 

It l¥M not tlong faefore a vissf brok^ out m 
Gi^niK^# te rather in- 'NavanerDrhicb 
kiBj^dom the king of Arragon had entered^ 
juid taiben the town c^ Pampeluna, " with 
others belonging to the king of Nararfey 
uader furetonce of being heir to that crown 
in right oi his wife, sisttr to^the late duke 
of Kenonrs count of Toi)c, slain A&et the 
battt.^ of Ravenna. 

^ The-good king of Navarre*, - in conse* 
quence, demanded succour from the king of 
France^ to recover the places he had lost 

♦ The good king of Navarre — was of so indolent 
m character that hi^ queen, a woman of ^igh spirit|( 
told hind, * Ha<) j/0tt been madexnoisejle Catherine, and 
/don John, we ha2l never I9W Qur realm.^ Hekault. 


Louid XIL, cotisideriiig how faithful an 
ally he had always heeii, ordered a ItiS^ 
body of men at arms and inr&ntry to his 
assistance^ under the command of the dtike 
of Longueville and Dunois. This war was 
very expensive to the king of Firance^ for 
the army remained long without istriking 
a.blow« In addition to this, the Etiglish, 
excited by the king of Arragon, as well 
as by a desire to regain Guienne, which 
they claimed as an inheritance; made a 
landing pear to Roncevaux and St John^ 
Pied du Port, — but not b^ing able to effect 
a junction with the Spaniards, they re^ 

In the year 1513, Henry king of Eng- 
land, sw to king Henry VII. who, by the 
aid of Charles VIIL king of France, suc- 
ceeded peaceably to the crown of England 
after the death of Ridbiard of York, instead 

/ • 

* Henry VIII. iras the dupe of Ferdtnfind of Ar« 
ragon. The english forces landed at Guipiscoa, un- 
der the command of the marquia of Dorset, but yrere 
never joined by the Spaniards to unite in the sie^e of 
Bayonne. The English retumedy haviog ^gained uo- 
thing but disgrace, while Ferdioaod possessed himself 
of the ikingdom of Navatce 

14^ ■ ' 


of being ^ftt^fuV ^ sucfe- ■ [fee?vlces> to the* 
king ofFxktike, fil«hMgk' - llMd kte ^he^ 
had charged him, on his deathbed, to- (ik>< 
it€><tirng agairtktthat king> if' he -wished to 
pros^F,- ^Ei^n^y' ^h ^ei death 0^ his fa^ 
thei* :$ictfed direetly^JOntraTyi ; Slin^ ^ettfjr, > 
equialfly'eAgter with hid e«l^feetfr'ta iavaiij 
Fi-aWci^, 'Sent 'att^^enuyasdy !t(y tjl^- feidy^' 
]Vlar^¥6it, 'gfdl^^^rn^ of' Flknittert^J ttj ' ob^l f 
t^4)-'»i»ottr, ' i$tbi%^ and tti^ltei^;: pfiMibii^ • 
l«trly' : thitteenf ^lad^'canhohd/ whicl^l'lte 
blidH0i^redi'tob« caBt^'ihi fiandei^i'fTi^e. 
£^is}<»s"W^ imnfi^iai^y cteliv0i«d,ih're^i 
ttifti^'^ «l ^^e^9ctm>'x^ a!ilg«ls '^t. m^i 
m6stted>'^hiifdi,LJife»i iithi^ hecb 46it»g'6iiu;cii 
tiiiey' • Kad^^^ir^teed itl ail^ '■ htlink' caat^^ 
than their own. lii 

' A «!ie(^^tHtreelty;i^«MM':at^d8MMdtime, 
coiK;lM^"]lil|t^€»eti lieArfi a^^tbgiWeh)*^ 

ol^tKe Jtlelnlng?^^ %dllti4iiJ6d toi^tisifkej ^^ 
preparations foi^ < 4h^ - invii(si()ri ' of < Franc^' 
without interruption. He sent his fleet, 
lindeK the comrftarid of .'th^ lord, adniiral* 


» ' * 


I • 


to cruize on the cosu^ts of Brittsuiy, who 
was himself on board a vessel of prodigious 

The french saw this armament with, 
sorrow, for they had not a fleet able to 
cppe with it ; but a valiant sea-captain, 
named Primaugay^ embarked on board a 
large ship called La Cordeliere, which 
the queen of France had lately built at 
an immense expense. He put to sea, and 
boldly attacked the english admiral in the 
great ship called The/ Regentr when a 
bloody combat took place. Aft^r some 
time» the ^ Cordeliere set the Regent on 
fire, which having gained the powder-ma-* 
gazijie, she blew up, with all within 

... Primaugayj seeipg it impossible to 
save his ship, as they were grappled to- 
^^er>, Iqapt intO; the sea, atmed as. he^was, 
ancl perished : it was a pity, for hi,e was 
a bold and enterprising man*. 

'^ In Henry's Hist, of England, it is said that both 
ships took firOi and perished^ with all on board, 
to the number of seventeen hundred men ; that the 
rest of the fleets, consisting of twenty-^five sail Eog' 
lish, and thirtj^<-n2iie Frenc|)| sepwrftted in conster^ 


These two large ships were burnt ; 
but the rest of the fleet returned in safety 
to England, to report the unfortunate news 
to the king, who was much vexed thereat, 
and not without reason. 



When the king of England had com- 
pleted his preparations, he put to sea with 
his army, disembarked at Calais, ancjl 
thence, with part of it, marched strait 
for Flanders. Had he then been attack- 
ed, the perplexities that ensued afterwards 
would have been avoided. 

At the same time, the king of France 
had collected an army for the recovery of 

nation, as if by mutual co&sent, without furthisr 


the Milanese, under the command of the 
lord de : la Trimouille, Jean Jacques de 
Triyulce, sir Robert de la. Marche, the lord 
of Albany and others, — but the lord de la 
Trimouille was commander in chief. 

This army crossed the Alps, and en- 
tered Piedmont, where it halted for the 
arrival of the rear and baggage, and then 
pushed forward toward Novara, in which 
place was a body of Swiss. The French, 
supposing: them not very numerous, deter- 
mined to attack them, which they did ; but 
the evening before, ^ very large reinforce- 
ment of Swiss had joined their country- 
men in Novara, which the French were 
ignorant: of. A battle, ho wever> ensued, 
^h^n the French defeated- the .van' of the 
c|^my, ; but such numbers 66 Swiss now 
pp^ired in . on all side$, the French were 
thp^derstruck^ and hastily: retreated to Tu- 
m\: some, however, q£ tiieir iofantry^ stood 
their ground, and died vaUantly>-T-and the 
son of the lord de : 1^ Marche shone' pre- 
eminent for; his valour. 

The Swiss gained a cpnsiderable park 
of artillery, which the lord d^ la Marche 
had brought thither, and great part of th« 


baggage. The king of France. «„ hearing 
of this event, ordered the remainder of' the 
army home, and sent part ol* it into Gui- 
enne, where the illustrious lord of Bourbon 
had^ the command of an army, #ith many 
nobles and able captains undet l^m, to 
carry on the war in Navarre. He had 
there a fine camp^ md a variety of skir* 
mtshes took place on both sides. 

The kin^ afterwards sent the nfext heir 
to the crown, Aie duke of Valois and count 
of Aii^oulfeme, accompanied, by numbers 
of gentlemen, to iake the command^ this 
army and camp, whei-e they rertiMned a 
long time, — ^but nothing of importance was 
dome, and they returnted to Prance. T^e 
king then sent them into Rcardy to oppose 
the Englidi, whK> ivere advancing toward 
Therouennie. The lord de Loiigueville died 
hnmediatdy om his ifetuM from Outeniie. 
'.In this year) thefre ^<nas an appearance 
in the heavens, viable in Piedmottt, of diree 
suns, three moons> with varioiis figures of 
circles and bowfi, (^ differferit celofcirs, and 
a white cross in the cehter. These were 
terrible presages, — and L believe tiiat it ^as 
a year of wofiidew. .^ 



About this time, the king sent the lord 
de la Trimouille into Swisserland ; but the 
cantons would not agree to any conference 
until they should receive a certain sum of 
money, which was paid them. The con- 
ferences now took place ; and the lord de 
la Trimouille staid long among them, giving 
great gifts, in hopes to gain them over to 
the interests of France ; but after they had 
received large sums of money, they dis- 
missed him. He retumed through Bur- 
gundy, to have some of the towns of that 
province put into a good state of defence^ 
to resist the Swiss, who had determined to 
attack them. 

The Swiss, in consequence of the re- 
solutions they had formed, entered Bur- 
gundy, and committed great destruction 
wherever they passed. By rapid marches, 
they came before Dijon, into which the 
lord de la Trimouille had thrown himself; 
but with the few men at ariiis and infantry 
with him, it was impossible to resist such 
a deluge of Swiss. However, he ordered 
as many things as could be carried away 
or drove off, to be brought into Dijon. 

The Swiss, on coming before Dijon, 


isaluted the town' with a large train of ar- 
tillery, that battered atid damaged the 
.walls and houses ; but the lord de la Tri- 
mouille, being well advised, held a parley 
with some of the Swiss leaders, and agreed 
to pay them down one hundred thousand 
golden crowns, on their marching back into 
Swisserland, without doing more damages to 
the country, which was executed* 



The king of France marched in person to 
Picardy, and advanced as far as Amiens, 
where he was magnificently received by 
those of the ^town and country. Thence 
Jhie sent the duke of Valois, as his' lieu- 
tenant-general, to command the camp 
against the English^ and to order whatever 


measures te should think adiisiible for the 
victualtiBg of Therouemiie. . : . 

This town \^^us then besieged by. the 
king of tbb Romans; thekidg^df' Enja^iand, 
and a nximber of Aemi^ lords, aaad parti- 
cidariy by a body ai. Hainaulters, tvho lu^ 
posted themsdves ina IbiPtnefir tbs3toNni, 
and thence battered it niith heav^ artil- 
lery. Tbe garrisonand iuimisinei^ defend^ 
the place valiantly, but they were in the 
utmost distress from want of provision, and 
a convoy was ordered to supply their ne- 
cessities, under the command of the lord 
de Longueville. 

He executed this order punctually ]^ 
•throwing ib all his supplies ; but on his 
retreat, he fell unexpectedly int^ an artiibus- 
^<^ade,— fw his men, not su^[)e€ting cmy such 
stratagem, were marching very disowierly, 
and amusing themselves by playing in the 
fiekb. On the enemy salfyin^ from their 
•ambush, the Frfench were panic^sitruek, and 
began to fly, notwithstandirig all ctt&Mpte 
of their officers to prevent them. - In con- 
sequence, the lord de Longueville, the cap- 
tain Bayard,' the lord de Bussy, and many 
more captains <rf renown were ni&de priso* 



ners, some of whom were carried to . 
England, and their liberty set at a very 
high ransom*. 

During this time, the king of France 
mtA orders to the governor of Paris to have 
dl the Coiikpatiies of toadesmen> and of 
other descii'iptions, tnustered. This was 
done, and several companies were richly 
acto«tffedV well armed, and in' unifotmfi. 
The numbers werie found to be ve»y great, 
iaccordifigto the report made by tlife com*- 
missaries whd had been sent Ihitiieif fop this 

5^ • M : • ^ . . • .': .^. . n ... 

4, ♦ This ^s caHed The Batkl^ of Spitr# fro*i 
Iq6 French ftiakiug tn^re use o£ Ihem than •f t^k 

> • \ r'. ? 



i ■ • 

« « 

; » 


CHAP. xxxr. 


While king Henry of England was en- 
gaged in his war abroad^ the noble and 
gallant king of Scotland invaded England 
with a large army^ on pretence of a claim 
to that crown in right of his queen, and 
also from his. alliance with the king of 
France* to make a diversion in his fevoiir, 
now he was attacked, and force his enemies 
to quit France to avoid greater inconve- 

The king of Scotland, on entering 
England, did great mischiefs. A battle 
took place, in which very many English 
fell, as well as Scots, — ^but the greatest loss 
to France was the death of the king of 
Scotland, who was killed valiantly fighting. 
It is rare to find 9uch friends as will put 
their liyes and fortunes to the chance of war 

' , 155 

in the support of a friend, especially when 

' The Scots gained the field, although 
numbers of them were slain, — for as both 
nations had been long desirous of coming* 
to blows, it may be supposed that hard 
ones were exchanged on each side. May 
God pardon those who fell !f 

On Friday, the 3d of June, in the year 
1513, peace was published on the marble 
table in the palace, between the most 
Christian king Louis XII. and the repub- 
lic of Venice, and between them and their 
successors for ever. By this treaty, the 
gallant knights sir Bartholomew d'Alviano 
and sir Andrew Gritti, with others, ob- 
tained their liberty; and the king made 
them many rich gifts on their departure. 

* James professed hiipself the knight of Anne 
of Bretagne, queen of France, who wrote him aa 
keroic letter to claim his assistance, sending him, at 
the same time, a ring off her finger and 14,000 francs. 


t The celebrated battle of Flodden,— of late 
well known from Mr. W. Scott's beautiful poem of 





" • i * * 

To return to the wars of the English iil 
Picardy :-^they were long enciaifiped be- 
fore Therouenne, and made several attacks 
on it; but. those within the town, showed 
good courage^ and. defended it valiantly : ^t 
length provision again failed theitf, and 
they were forced to capitulate for its sur- 
render. Tbe enemy entered Thetoucaine, 
but did not keep the promi&es they had 
made; for they had no sooner gained ad- 
mission than they began to ill-^trcat and . 
plunder the poor inhabitants, insomuch that 
they were obliged to seek out another place 
for a habitQ,tion, which was great pity ; but 
this did not. satisfy^ tlie enemy, for they 
burnt part of the town, and threw down the 
ivalls to the ground. 

We must not be astonished that the 
English so boldly invaded France, particu- 
larly Picardy, considering the evident good 


tinderstandiiig that subsisted between them 
and the Flemingsi, who at this day ! raise 
their hands and tell those of Toumay/that 
tJaey have never changed sides^^ " notwith- 
standing they had settled the eh^^plbar dc 
Venditionibus, b^fOTe the EiigHsh' would ecor' 
bark; This was not hand^omeiy done ihj 
theni^ considering they had a resident Idi d^ 
— and they have derogated shameHiily tromi 
their former enga^einents : should thsyl 
therefore, find themselves the wors^ fot iil 
they have only themselves to thank. ' i" lo 

Shortly after the English - had gainedt 
Therouenne by oapitukttion^ thoy advanced^ 
before Tottrnay^ which was siirk^ehdered td 
theni by the prineij^al inhabitaflte,' aocord- 
ing to an agieement among themBelyes,. 
without'Striking a blow*. - »/ • ; ? 

The kiRg of England and th€ king of 
the Romans, after these coriquesti^' p«-i 
turned to their own countries, kitvinjg k 

>-,.'.■ •• . I . . • , » k f JL 

*-! believe thu tovtfn was gained hjii^ tjisedii' 
^prre. Henry, drew up before the walls j^jLarge ti^a 
of what appeared batteifing cannon, (but were onljieof ^ 
wood painted^ and are now shown, in the Xowejj^ whicti 
frightened the iniiabitants into aa instant uartenAsr; 
This is the popular story, ' 


garn«,„i„Tou™ay. Ue .i.g of F„u.ce 
likewise quitted Picardy, with his queen, 
and went to Blois. 

While the war was carrying on in 
Picardy, and a little before the siege of 
Therouenne, an engagement at sea took 
place between Pregent, a french captain^ 
and the lord Howard, lord-admiral of Eng- 
ird, on the 2Snd and 25th days of April. 
Pregent, thinking to join the firench fleet in 
Bfest harbour, was met at sea, on the vigil 
of St George's day, by a fleet of forty or 
fifty sail, and was instantly attacked by two 
galeasses and four or five other vessels. 
The combat lasted two hours, with great 
slaughter on both sides ; but at length the 
EngUsh were forced to retire, with the loss 
of two vessels sunk* On the Monday fol- 
lowing, which was the feast of St Mark, 
Pregent and his fleet fell in again with that 
of the English, amounting to twenty or 
thirty vessels, and about thirty large boats. 
The galley of Pregent was attacked by 
two galeasses and three ships, but he fought 
well, — ^and all on board the first ^ galeass 
^ere killed by pikes, or drove into the sea^ 



excepting two prisoners, one of whom was 
thrown overboard. 

In this combat, sir Edward Howard 
was killed, whose body was embalmed to 
carry to England for interment*. The 
captains of the other ships, seeing that 
these, five vessels had not made any im- 
pression, on the galley of Pregent, whom 
they had courageously attacked, held a 
council, and afterwards made sail^ leaving 
the, sQa open to Pregent. A large fleet had 
been collected at Honnefleur, to attack the. 
king of ^ England as he crossed the channel, 
and cut oiF his return ; but when ; they 
were at sea, a violent storpi arose that 
separated th|s fleets and some of the vessels 
were sunk* 

The winter of this year was very. long 
and sev^%, so that the Seine s|nd other 
rivets were frozen hsud enough for carriages » 
to pass over thena with safety ; and when , 

. / ., . . . 

'^ Sir Edwafd Howard boarded Pregent^s ship, 
although it was sheltered by the rocks of Conquet 
lined with cannon, accompanied only by Carroz, a. 
Spanish knight, and seventeen Englishmen^ Over* 
powered by numbers, Howard was forced overboard 
]t>y pikes, and peri^he^ in the waves. Ai^DRsw^. 



the thaW' came, nuinbeFs <>f houses and 
mills were destroyed by the ilobds. 

Abiut this time, news* was brought 
that the. Swiss had intentions^ of again- 
entering Bungundy, wheh the king order- 
ed thither the loifd of Bourbon with a 'large' 
force of men at arms, infantry/ and^ artil- 
lery>-^but tbe^ Swiss did not comfe.* This 
sanG^ year, the garrisons tliat had guarded 
dif£breni places in Italy returned to Fiance^' 
in consequenco of the treaty epndiid^ 
with the' Swks^ befbiie Bijon^^-^^^B^^ 
tUose irdm the castle of Milan; tKa k^d 
of Aubigny; hlsi lance on his ilMgh> with' 
his garrison, from the castle^ of Bfescia. 
"^hen ^ese garrisons marched awai^, the 
Spaniards took possession of the "Oastiies^ 
which the Venetians, thought had been 'done 
for them-;' but when the Spaniard!^' fa^ 
established themselves securely, they 
diaunted to ;t)>e Venetians the fivangiie d^- 
Yierges. Such are the chances of war. 

f • f r • I • » 

< .< f • » • 

f I 

: . • ' . . V J ! . : : ' 
. . :' ■ : . !■ ■•*. > ill. .. 

r . .. . 

» ... . I < . < 

; / ^(. J 





6F fHB DEADTH AltD IIiT£SM£Nar Q^F! tR£ 

At the time of 4w aimvatl of the above 
unfortunate intelligence, the most nobler 
queen of Fmnctf^ Anne ditcbesi^ of Brittany/ 
&c, lay dangeroi^sly ill at the castle of 
Bloid. This was on the 2d day of January^ 
--^and her illness so much increased that 
the good Iftdy, on Monday the 9th instant^ 
jdeparted this life, most devoutly, in the 
feithof Jesus Christ, our sovereign Lord, 
to whom she most humbly resigned her 
fOnl. Great lamentations and grief were 
j»hown for this loss. When the body had 
Ibeen embalmed, it was put into a rich 
tb^n, And carried, with an immense num* 
ber 6f lighted torches, from Blois to thfe 
abbey of St Denis, where it wa$ interred 
tvith the usual honours due to her rafikj 
and followed with thfe teat^ <rf' all her oW^ 
ceffe and attendants. The funeral service 



iras solemn and magnificent, becoming^ 
such a ladj, whose soul may God pardon! 

In the month of April of this year 
1513, and just before Easter, a truce wsa 
proclaimed in Paris between the kings of 
France and of Arragoo. 



■ . ■- « 

After the funeral of the late queen c£ 
France, the king came to Paris, and was 
lodged at the h6tel of the Tournelles, and 
would not that any one should appear in 
his presence but in mourning. He sent for 
his two daughters, the princesses Claude 
and Ren6e, who were conducted to him 
from Blois by madame d'Angouleme, and 



shortly aftei* summoned the princJes fttfcfr 
gfeat barons of his realm to a council on 
the present state of affairs^ and respecting 
a p^ace with England. In consequence of 
what had been resolved on in this council^ 
the king sent, as his ambassadors to king 
Henry, the governor of Normandy, the 
president of Rouen, and the lord Longue- 
ville, then a prisoner of war in England, 
was added to them, to treat of a peace* - 

While this was passing, the king was 
taken very ill at the castle of Vincennes, 
and had ordered, for his recovery, thut ' O 
Salutaris Hostia,* should be chaunted daily 
in all the churches of France, at the ejeva- 


tion of the holy sacrament, which had 
been of the utmost benefit to him^ On 
^is recovery, the king went thence to St 
Grermain en Laye, to recreate himself, and 
to temper the melancholy of bis mourning ; 
for it was a pleasant country, interspersed 
with woods a^nd dales, and fuUof game. 

Much public business was transacted 
during the king's stay at Saint Germain; 
,and a marriage was concluded betweea 
the duke of Valois, count of Angouleme, 
and the princess Claude. They were mar- 

^ M 2 


ried iii their ftiournihg, in the chapel of th» 
castle, itt the prei^nce of the king, th* 
princes df the blood, arid many othefe Of 
high rank> on tiife 18th of Mayi itt the y^alf 

About this period^ and befbre the khlg 
had quitted St Germain en Laye^ lafe aiA* 
ba&sadors sent him intelligence of their 
having conk^luded i peace with Eflglafndv cw 
conditiiwi of his marrying the pririe** 
Mary. King Henry sent ambas'sAders to 
Paris, to confirm the marriage betw^eii 
king Louis «nd his sisfer^ and to ratify the 
treaty of peace that had been agreed oii 
between the two.kingddms, which tvas npW 
i>ubliciy proclaimed in both realtas. 

On Monday the I6th of Augfts , in 
this year, a grand procession was ihad^ 
from the great hall of the palacte, With 
trumpets arid clarions, when the herald, 
called Mont-joye, proclaimed a magnificent 
tournament to bfe holden at Paris, by thi^ 
duke of Valois, Brittany, and count of 
Arigoul^riie* to which he invited all prind^, 
lords, and gentlemen to assist. It wrfi 
Jatbout this time that the princess Mary was 
escorted to France by many of the ^rei^ 

^pbles of Kngland^ in company with the 
lords of Fraijpe who had gone thither to 
^tend pn her- Th? king left Paris, with 
hjis co\iYp, and went as far ta^ Abbeville tQ 
meet the new queen; where she arrived oiji 
the 8th of October, and made her publif 
f ntry y^ry triumphantly, attended by th^ 
dujce <of Vg^lqis and numbers of nobles, as 
we}i English as French, all most richly 
dressed, yrith ^^§^ golden chfiins, espedalr 
ly the Epglish. ^ Tbe queen Wjas most hapd- 
som^y ^tired, and seated ip a brilliant 
CQT : jj^ shprt, the whole was a beauti£u| 
sight. She vas preceded by a body of two 
hmidrjed english archers, gallantly accoutred, 
yvith l^eir b9^$ i]> h^nd, {ind quive^ ful) 

•yhe Ifing, hearing of her coming, 
naojuoted \m feorge^ and, at^tend^cji by hij 
nobles, rode out intp the plain, under 
pretence of hawking, biat it.was to meet 
her ; and on his approaching her, be kifised 
her on horseback, paying her many faif 
eotnpiiments, as he knew well howj to doi 
He): reception in Abbeville was most bof 
nourablei^^-^^md the iniiabitants everted 

themselves who should surpass the other m 
testifying their joy at her arrival. 

On the morrow, the feast of St Denis^ 
the king of Prance was manied to the 
princess Mary of England. She was most 
magnificently dressed, with an immense 
ijuantity of diamonds and precious stones. 
A singular banquet succeeded, with a great 
variety of all sorts of amusements. Having 
^taid a few days in Abbeville to solace 
themsjBjves, they set out for Paris; and 
through the towns of Picardy they passed, 
the j^reatest hoijours were paid them. In 
every town, the queen gave liberty to the 
prisoners, by the king's command. Oh 
their arrival at St Denis, the ceriemohy of 
the queen's coronation took place, which 
was very splefidid, and numerously at- 
tended b^ archbishops, bishops, and no- 


Monday, the 6th of November, the 

queen made her triumphant entry into the * 

city of Paris -—the clergy# courts of par* 

liament, of ex/Chequer, &c. and all the 

municipal officers, with crowds of people, 

jbaving gone out iti procession to meet h^t 

§he was seated on a rich littejr, adorned 


With precious stones^ and escorted by the 
duke oY Valois^ the lord of Alen9on, the 
lord of Bourbon, the lord of Vendome, 
his brother the lord Francis, Louis dt 
Nevet^, with other great lords, as well of 
England as of France, prelates and 
churchmen. Her litter was followed by 
those of the princess Claude, duchess of 
Valois, madame d*Angoul6me, madame de 
Vendome, madame de Nevers, and other 
princesses of both kingdoms. Thus was 

she conducted to the church of Ndtre 


Dame, and took the usual oaths: she 
thence proceeded to the royal palace, where 
a most splendid banquet was provided. 
The king and queen lay that night at the 
royal palace, which served to shorten his 




M tflu TILTS pprfoiimj:d at PAaiS.*-TJH 


• * 

Th£ i>0ict 4dyi the king and queen went to 
the Tournelles. to see the tournamentst 
that had been before proclaimed. At the 
entrance of the lists was a triumphal arch 
surmounted with the shields of arms of the 
king and queen: below them were th^ 
^mhl^zpned 4)ields of jth^ lords and pincef^ 
the tjpiMmts 9nd , defen^apts of the lists. 
The dnke of Vftloie Wjas the chief tehaJCitf 
with his. a$sist|ints, — ^md many gallant 
courses were ran with lances, to the adi* 
vantage of some, and to the loss of others. 
In short; it was a handsome spectacle, and 
all in compliment to, and for the love of) 
queen Mary ; hut her popularity would not 
have lasted long, fof although the poor 
people were already heavily taxed, yet the 
king intended, had he lived longer, to have 
greatly increased the taxes. 

After these justs and toumevs. the 

king carried the queen to St QerindQ en 
I^ye, whftre they spent some tiine^ le^d^ 
ing as joyous a life as he was able. He 
th«ince returned to bis palace of theTour- 
nelles at P911S, and was taken so dan** 
gerpusly ill that he made prepaiationa 
becoming a good Christian, an^ rendeted 
his soul to Grod on the Ist day of January^ 
in the year 1514. His body was aro- 
matic^lly embalmed, and lay in state somin 
4^ys at the Toumelles, where every body 
went to see it who pleased. The usual 
ceremonies on such occasions were then per* 
formed, but it would be tiresome to detail 
them. Some days after, the body was 
carried to the church of Notre Dame, and 
{daced in a chapel that had been purposely 
erected in the choir,— ^and a solemn service 
was performed by the bishop of Pans. 
T'he next d^y it was boroie to a cross neair 
tp St P^nis» where the abbot and his 
monks of S|t Denis met it, ^nd was, by 
them, interred with great pomp, amidst 
the tears of his officers and domestics. He 
was buried beside his queen, Anne of Brit- 
tany. May God receive their souls f The 
principal mourners were the lord of *Alen- 


^r\f the lord of Bourbcm, the loird of 
Vendome, and other princes and great 

• It is of some moment when a king 
or great prince dies, who may, perhaps, 
have caused the deaths of nunibers of hu-* 
man creatines like themselves ; for I be- 
lieve that in the other world they will have 
ebough to do, more especially respecting 
this circumstance, that a poor man, with 
six or seven small children, not worth 
twenty sols in the world, shall be txed 
from ten to twenty sols, and when the col- 
lector shall come to receive the tax) finding 
the man worth nothing, and without means 
of riaising the money, he commits him to 
prison^ where he languishes out his days. 
Now I would like to have shown any writ- 
ten law for this injustice ; but no one will 
attempt so to do, because every one is 
eager to push himsdf forward in this 
world. May God assist the poor people! 




After the death of Louis XII. Francist 
the iirst of the name, succeeded him on 
the thi^one as the fifty-seventh king of 
France. He set out from Pg-ris, to be con- 
secrated king in the cathedral of Rheims; 
according to the custom of his ancestors 
kings of France, and was there anointed 
with the holy oil on the 25th day of 
January, in the year 1514. ^The twelve 
peers of France, or their substitutes, were 
present exercising their functions in the usual 
manner on such occasions. 

Madame d*Angoul3me, the king's mo*, 
ther, was present at the cerempnv, accom- 
„««d l.y mad«„e de Bou*o„.madame 
de Vendome, and other ladies and damsels. 
The king went from Rheims to be crowned 


at St Denis, and/ on his return, made tri- 
umphal public entiles into liaon, Noyon, 
C6mpiegne, Senlis, and other towns. He 
continued his way toward Paris, t,very 
grandly attended, and knada the most bril- 
liant public entry into that ^city that had 
ever been seen« The accoutrements and 
trappings of the horses were of wrought 
silver, with frized cloth of gold ; and, to 
sum up the whole in few words, the lords 
and gentlemen, with their horses, were co^ 
vered with cloth of gold ': some had their 
dresses interwrought with solid silver. 

The king entered in triumph, dressed 
magnificently : the trappings of his horse 
were of worked silver, and his attendants 
equipp^ in cloth of silver brocade. He 
went, as usuaJ, to the royal palace, whero 
asumptQous banquet i^ad been pr^iepared, 
with a numerous band of trumpets and dia-i 
rions ; after which, a grand tournament was 
held in the rue St Ant^ne, -when the kifiig 
acquitted himself most gallantly. 

A treaty was concluded bejtween ithe 
king of Erance alkd the archduke, iind a 
marriage ai^eed oa between the archduke 
and the prinoess fieni6^ daughtei: to Ihe 



late king, Lcruis XIL by theccrunt of Nasn 
sftUt and other lUnbassadorg dispaAch^ fcff 
thiss pufpi^se. ,Thfe oount of.Nassc^.waA 
q^lsio "betrothed to the dd^ugfater of th^.priiioe' 
of Orange, whom he afterwards married* 
At this ^mtf the duke of Bousbon Wi^ raddd 
constable of France,— ranid while the, kin J 
remained at Ftins, the duke of SdfFolk 
espoused the qyeen-dowage)' of Fmftce> 
ijister to Hienry king . of Engladdi/; That 
king had s€fn!t the dukeof3ufiR>lk to l^mnf^ 
— and when he candied; his queeni tO . Engr 
land^ be ^w&& grd&dijr accompanied. by th^ 
higliftst of the nobility. ^ >ThjW y^m * cottt 
firmed the peace between the, [t^ kin§pr 
doms. At this tiiAe alsp^ the kiggx)f f raac^ 
sent to s^ak Pedro de Navarre, a pris^fter of 
tvar, whoin he 0t at liberty, gavi^. h^ 
many rich gifts, and the connimnd of jb large 

body of men. : ; . 

When all these nxarriages, adid o^^ 
mfiitters, had been Concluded, ^ekifiif cele- 
brated die feast of Easter in P;arisfe «id 
then, with hia cj^een iind eourt^ went b|" 
water as &r as Montereau-faut-Yonne. He 
thence Went, on the 1st of May, to^ ^toiall 
castle called Egreville, where^ wetfesome 


jtistings, and proceeded to Montargis and! 
Briare, where he embarked On the Lober 
for Amboise/ He made a public entry 
mto all the towi» he passejdf — namely^ 
Mehun, MoBtereau> Montargis, Blois, Am- 
boise, and other small towns, where every 
honour was paid him. 

While he was hunting at Amboise, ii 
thorn pierced his leg, through boot and 
hose) and gave him such pain that he was 
for a time very ill. — During his residence 
at Amboise, the lord de Lwraine was mar- 
ried to mademo^U^ de Bourbon, sister to 
the ' constable of France. Great feasta 
wcfre displayed on the occasion, and the 
court of the donjon of the castle was co- 
vered with an awning of cloth, to keep off 
the rays of the sun. In the evening of 
that day were great maskings and mum- 
meries, with morris-dancers richly dressed, 
and divers pastimes. 

These feastihgs being over, the king 
departed, very early one morning, for 
Bomorantin*, where he was also grandly 

^ Romorautiii^-~^15 league from Amboise^CS 


entertained by the lady, his mother. 
While with her, he received intelligence 
that the Swiss had entered Dauphiny, 
near to Brian9on, and burnt a village close 
to Chateau Danphin ; on> which, he took 
a hasty leave of his mother, and set off 
suddenly for Bourges, where he made a 
public entry. The king departed, on the 
morrow, in ha^te, for Moulins, where the 
duchess of Bourbon handsomely receive^ 
him,--and his entry was splendid for so 
small a town ; for there were triumphant 
cars, filled with the handsomest ladies of 
the country, rej^resentations of ships and 
.wild beasts, mounted by the beauties of 
the town, who preceded the king ; on his 
.entry. The king left Moulins for Lyon, 
where a most magnificent entry was pre- 
pa;red for him. He gave there his final or-- 
ders respecting the provision ; and stores, 
which were in a state of forwardness to 
be transport^ over the Alps, for the prose- 
cution of the war ip the Milanese. During 
his absence in Italy, he. nominated his 
mother, the duchess of Anjou and Maine, 
countess of Angouldme, &c. regent of the^ 
bm. ' 



Shortly aftdiv the kkig ^dlepartcii frton 
Xyon, tifid wetit to OreiH>t>l«» wht^b lis 
iD^ tk handsonne entry, «id stead tli^ 
tmtil Ub )>t«{Mit^dii8 ^ould be o^M^ 

|[4eted. About (bis period, the youtig s(i^ 
erf* Fitdei^e ]»te ki%g «f Napk». died: te 
had ali^ady oomitu^ced a V^h-likd ^r^&f; 
and had he lived I believe he vr4tt\A ki&tk 
tnade a figure as a warrior> fot he vts^Wtlf 
coijtagi^otas ftnd tittaoos* 

When the king set oiit from Grenoble, 
Ite (>assed ^ongh ]^mbrun> aMiou^ hk 
army, or the grettter part, had takfen tiifc 
tdad through the small town of Dirissfinf , 
4br there had beeii formed stbres ''of provi- 
'sion oh all that line of ma!i(eh. The king 
iialted at GaiUestre^, and afterward at ^ij^ 
jPaulf , and then traversed a r^4 io bad 
ffesttitwas Uiought noman hadetet beh 
^e kttmipttd it Great diffittiltie^ a^ 
^tended this mai'ch, and the poiM: iriikntr^ 
strff^nfed tiiucih ; ibr as the ^i^ilt^i^ irte tb 
"pass this road, the eannbi^ 'Werfe di9- 
mouhted, and dragged by ni6n eve* the 

* Gui]lestre,--near Mont-Dauphin, inBaupluA}* 
t St Paui^-^^^i village in Dauphiny. 


^ ■ t 

.J)}finn^ Uiis, tiytn^, the^ pope had serit 
a%en)iuwJ|Sd l^rse, ^^eU ap^ioted, under 
the command oi PrcKipero Colonna,. to join 
, tb^/OjTCjes of I^a3^imilian« in the hope of sur« • 
-pH$ing^e king before he coujd |)ass,the 
Qiountains ; .b^it Prpspero, ^igporajit how 
oear Ije.iv^as to the Fr^nch^ or, tih^jit , they 

„had;j?pc3Cfie^fd in jas^ing'.thje.^^'pS't'i*'^ 

..b^ltfd at a to\m,in, P^ie^i^opt^Ued^/^ni-' 

.]arSrm^*. , Of this pMrci^nis^nce, a.Jfa- 

sant. of tfefat coniitry, ,^ad ipiforai^ ^one^ of 

. ith^ king's ,g^nj;l(^ipen,,jnamed ,th<5jord de 

. lasMoT^tte, and that, as , f^ro^gero jps 

.ijlijt^iUQsiJspicipus.o^ the I'rench^ l^g so 

. near^. it, .T^iould be e?isy^to surprise jum. Jpie 

,.lord,:,dei.lacM<)r§tt^Jost no |im^ to c|fTy 

I -4hi#. npi«^,|he nft^hal, ^e la^ jE^^JMe,<3he 

Jord 4'A«t>igpy.>;Sie , iQj-d , d:;JipJ^rcojirt. 

•iBayqrd and ot^^rs, )vho ^1^ instantly agreed 

Jto JfeUpWith^ iprd. d'lm^ercourt. i^,^^e.^at- 

..-tempt,to,swrfH^se Cplojpa. He^^j^nt 

J $araard.onfftof^J>ist,ja;cJiersi to re905noitr^ 

— i!irho..j:epoited, Jfeat ^as Co)c>i^a^ and his 

- -mfii^ wf rBj»$t ^.^ing^.dqFQ tpcdinner^^d 

entirely off their guard,., ax| jipii^ 

• Villa-franc*,— 16 mUes SSW. of Turin. 



tack would be necessary : d'Imbercourt 

* sent, therefore, to Tiasten the march of La 

* Palfese and the others; 

Notwithstanding this, dlmbercourt 

* boldly advanced to enter Yilla Franca, — 
when as his trumpet was within the gates, 
and^ had' sounded his charge, his horse's 

* neck was inclosed within them ; but the 

* 'men at arms came to his relief, by crossing 

/ theit lances over the horse, and put to death 

« • ' " 

^ * aH who had opposed them at the gate, 
i. , ^ iThey galloped up the streets, shouting 
' ' out' * France; France !' ' and advanced to 
^^" where; Colonna was at dinners a sharp 
^'conflict now took place,- — but the lord 
' ^^tle la Palisse and the others arrived, who 

toon ended it, by making Colonna prisoner, 
^ ^ and slaying great numbers of his men. All 
^ His baggage was pillaged, and very many 

fine horses gained that were in the stables of 
^ ' the town. Pfospero Colonna was carried, 
^ with the other prisoners, to the king of 

'iVance, and thence sent ihtp confinement 
' attheicastle of MdAtagu, belonging to the 
- lord^de la PWisse^^ 



.' ' i 


THE KING, . ! 

The pope, when he heard of tfie de^t 
of Prospero Colonna and his army> and 
that he was sent prisoner tx> France, . was 
very much surprised, and not without r«si- 
son ; for he never hisid imagined that the 
king of France -would attempt to cross the 
Alps where he had, and for some thne 
would not believe it. • 

The 6wiss cantoned at Susa, .Villaine,^ 

^^ « 

Riv^i and other parts, hearing of what 
had passed at Villa-franca, retreated toward 
Milan followed by the French as far fes 
Turin, whence the duke of Savoy came out 
to meet the king, and gave him ^hand- 
some reception. The king, having received 
from the duke of Savoy live lai^ pieces .of 
artillery, continued his pursuit of the S^vis^ 
who had passed the Po in an extoiordi- 
nary hurry, — for they had np hoats> nor- 

• n'2 


any means but cords to dnag their drtil- 
lery and' baggage oyer, with which they 
marched day and 4;iight. 

They burnt the castle of Chivazzo, 
^d part of that small town, belonging 
to the duke of Savoy, which lay on their 
line of march, killing many of the in- 
habitants and plundering the town, be- 
cause they would not aflbrd them pro- 
vision, nor allow them a passage through 
Chivazzo. Some of the Swiss were slain, 
that had remained behind to pillage. 

In this interval, the lord de Prie,; 
with a body of Genoese, arrived at 
Alexandria and other . towns, yhich he 
sacked, although their inhabitants had 
* fled,— but they were deserving of pu- 
Iliishment for the many tricks they had 
before played the French. 

The firench army kept pursuing the. 
Swiss, who seemed inclined to march 
to Jurea*, but, turning short, entered No^ 
Yam. The king arrived, wjith his army at 
Vetceliif , where it was rumoured that 

* Juries, — on the great Dora in Piedmont, 
t VerccUi,— 30 miles SW. of Milan, 33 NE. of 


an agreement would take place between, 
the king and Swiss, The lord bastard of 
Savoy and the lord de Lautrec, with 
others, were charged ^vith this commission ; 
but notwithstanding this, the king conti* 
nued his march after the Swiss, who had 
quitted Novara, and taken the road to 
Milan. He was now joined by a consi^ 
derable reinforcement of Lansquenets^ 
called The Black Band*, very well equip- 
ped« The king advanced to Novara, which 
was instantly assaulted by Pedro de Na- 
varre and others, and surrendered toth» 
king's obedience. 

In the absence of ^e king, his 
queen was brought to bed, at ^mboise, 
of a &ir daughter, who was christened 
Louisa,^--^and soon afterwards, her por^ 
trait was sent to him, while enj^ged in his 
Italian campaign. 

The surrender of the town and cas-^ 
tie of Novara saved them from pillage, by 

* Black band, — under the command of Ku* 
berta della Marchia, from lower Germany. 


I.must refer the reader to Guicciardini, &c.. for 
further details of these wars in Italy. 


the king's commands, — ^who pursuing his 
march toward Milan, went to Bufalors^. 
Here the agreement between the king 
and Swiss was made public, which had 
}^en accomplished by* means of a large 
sum of money paid down, according to a 
prcknise made them by the king. The. Swiss, 
in consequence, swore fidelity to him, and 
signed the treaty, — ^but . which they did 
not keep, notwithstanding their oaths and 
engagements, but falsified both. 

«/« « ^J i 

*« 4 ■ ^ *i 

. .'t 





The king of France, thinking that he had 
secured the Swiss by the payment of the 
sum agreed on between them and the 

lord de 'Lau tree,- marched his anny to 

'. • ■ 

* Marignano, — eleven mijes SE. from Mifap. 


Marignano^ bi5ly<Hi4 Milan ; but it was .. 
not long before he found that be had mis* , 
calculated on their keeping the promises . 
they had made him. In the interval .be- 
tween the signing of the late tre^y and 
the payment of the money, the Swiss 
had resolved to surprise the king's army, 
— ^induced thereto by the remonstrances 
arid preachments of the cardinal of Sion, 
who had corrupted them at the instigation 
of the emperor Maximilian, and^ of , the 
inhabitants of, the Milanese* who had 
given them corslets and other armour, 
together with the fairest promises. The 
Swiss believing that they would be joined 
by every Italian, and that, if successful,, 
they might acquire territories of a great 
extent in a fertile country, a«l be .fea.^1 
and redoubted by all the world, caused 
them to act in the treacherous manner they- 

The king learrfing ,that the Swiss were, 
turned against him, was much mortified ; 
for he concluded, that at that moment they 
were receiving the money agreed on* 
However, like~a hardy knight, he was 
not cast dpwuy but gave his' orders for the 


foraiing of his army, to receive the enemy 
Deith the most advantage. While thus 
employed, news was brought him that a 
large body of infantry, well armed had 
marched out of Milan, to join the Swiss 
in the meditated attack against him. In 
fact, about three or^ four o'clock in that 
afternoon, the Swiss advanced on the king's 
ariny, but were received with suchv4lour 
tliat many were more inclined to seek for 
a retreat than to persevere in the combat: 
The king, who commanded the main 
body, on seeing the Swiss advance, charged 
them in person, attended by his gentle- 
men, and defeated one band. The french 
volunteers now placed themselves in the 
position of the Lansquenets, who had in 
jiart turned their backs ; but they must 
not be blamed for this, for they had before 
Beard of the agreement made with the 
Swiss, and, without any explanation, had 
been led on to an unexpected battle, which 
made them believe that they were betrayed 
by the king, who wanted to havie them 
destroyed. But when they saw the volun- 
teers thus step boldly irito their ranks, 
they recovered courage, and fought with 
the utmost bravery. 



The french yohinteer$ did wonders; 
and although they were not numerous, 
amounting to no more than two thous nd» 
they defeated a band of Swiss consisting- 
of double their number. Qreat feats of 
arms^Vefe done at this battle, with battler 
axes, lances, and two-handed-swords, so 
that for a long time it was doubtful on 
which side victory would remain* 

The Swiss behaved with the utmost 
courage, and charged the main body and 
reserve of the French with an impetuosity 
that astonished them, in the hopes of suc- 
ceeding as they had before done at No* 
vara. The artillery of the French was 
not asleep, and the Swi;^ made an at- 
tempt to seize it, h\A were repulsed with 
much loss, — for not a cannon was fired 


without killing numbers of them. 

This battle lasted until the goings 
down of the sun, — and both sides fought 
as long as the dust and light allowed 
them to see each other. Some, thinking 
to retire to their own camp, found thein^ 
selves in that of the enemy; but what 
caused great confusion was the Swiss 
shouting out ' France, France!* and thej) 


attacliing the French. The night tras 
not long;' The king was^ constantly with 
his men, giving them every sort of en- 
couragement/ by words- and example. 
He was particularly anxious about his. 
artillery, which was well guarded by a 
party of Lansquenets; Having visited the 
different divisions of his army, he reposed 
himself in his armotir, on the* carriage of 
a cannon ; and I may with truth assert, 
that if the king had not been present at 
this engagement the Flinch would ' have 
had more than enough to do* - -^ 

On the morrow, the 14th* of Sep- 
tember, in the year 1515, and ^the feast 
of the Exaltation of the Gross, the Swiss, 
enraged against the French, advanced on 
them by day-break - (notwithstanding their 
loss on the preceding night had been more 
than they supposed) with an eagerness as 
if they had been going to a dance, and 
made their charge with valour and steadi- 
ness. The conflict was long alid doubtful ; 
but, the king's artillery, where he was 
in person j did the greatest ser\dce, particu- 
larly on a strong body that kept firmly 
(iftited until their losses were so consider- 



able, the remainder turned their backsi, and 
fled for Milan. The other divisions of the 
Swiss made now little resistance; and to 
make short of the matter, all that remained 
were put to death, or taken prisoners ; and 
had not the dust been great, fevyer would 
have escaped, — for it was so thick they 
could not see many yards before them*. 

The heat that day was very oppressive ; 
and the king and his lords suffered greatly 
from thirst, for there was no' water near that 
was pure, — for all the springs and streams 
were discoloured , with blood, of which, 
nevertheless, they were . forced to drink ; 
at length, some clear watfer was brought 

T(ie kuig was as much rejoiced that 
the Swiss had renewed the battle, on the 
following day, as a huntsman when he 
lays blinkes in the chace of a stag. The 
Swiss left full sixteen thousand dead on the 
field, who did not lose their lives like 
children, but as men of true courage ; and 
all the roads toward Milan and Como 

* The marshal de Trivulce said that he had 


been at eighteen pitched battles, but that they were 
children's play compared with this. 


were full of thosQ who in their flight had 
died of the wounds they had received in 
battle. ' 

This was the first victory of king 
Francis L and was very marvellous it 
proved so great, considering how much 
he had been deceived in the Swiss by 
their treaty some days prior to the com- 
bat. It is worthy of . remembrance, — for 
since the days of Julius Caesar, this nation, 
so valorous in war, never lost in battle 
so many as sixteen thousand men. 
Louis XL had defeated, when dauphin, 
a body of three or four thousand: a 
duke of Milan had also conquered a body of 
two thousand, which inclines me so much to 
exalt this victory of the king over enemies 
S3 determined and numerous, for thirty-six 
thousand men had marched out of Milan. 

Toward the end of the combat, a 
reinforcement of Venetians arrived, which 
the constable of Bourbon had gone to 
seek. The troops made all diligence, 
were well accoutred and ready for battle ; 
but they found the Swiss defeated, and 
flying in all directions, for Come aitd Mi- 


The Venetians pursued the enemy, 
and showed themselves men of courage, 
particularly their commander, sir Bartho- 
lomew d'Alviano and the son of the count 
de Petigliano, who did wonders ; hut as 
he was attempting to leap a wide ditch, 
his horse fell upon him, — ^and he was 
surrounded and slain by the Swiss, for none 
were near enough to prevent them. The 
lord d'Imbercourt was also killed fighting 
valiantly ; ' he had rushed among the 
ranks of the Swiss, like to ail enraged 
wild boar, and was of a most warlike 


nature, with the intrepidity of a lion, as 
many can testify, who have seen him 
engaged on former occasions. Francis 
lord of Bourbon was inclosed by the 
Swiss and put to death, his men not beings 
nigh to rescue him. The prince of Talle- 
mont, the count de Sancerre, the lord de 
Bussij the captaiii Mouy, with a vefry 
greaj: number of lords and gentlemen of 
renown, whose courage had many tinles 
l)een displayed in war, were killed at this 

During the engagement, neither bag- 
*gage n^ artilery were in danger of being 

. 190 

taken, for they were excellently well defend- 
ed by those who ran as much risk as others 
engaged in the main battle. Many, were 
well mounted, so that, if fortune had been 
adverse, the poor adventurers might have 
been able to support their friends, and 
have renewed the fight. 

The king made, this day,, several new 
knights. During the conflict, the cardinal 
of Sion , ifled, on seeing the quantities of 
dead, under pretence, as he told Maximi- 

^ lian Sforza, of bringing back, reinforce- 
ments, but returned when too late. 

111 the course of this great butcher j'^, 
a body of Swiss retreated toward a cassi- 
no of the van-guard, where was posted 
the 4^ke of Bourbon, constable of France : 
he instantly pursued them, h§td the cas- 
^ino set on fire, and unless they could 
have flown tiirough the flames, not one 
could have escaped. May God have 
mercy on their souls, and of all those , 

; who . fell on this day ! It is a great pity 

. t&at it should be in the. power of two or 
three persons to cause the deaths of so 
many hurpan creatures, whom .they seem 

. to estinjatejaoinpre than as so jiiany sheep. 

* A 

/ ♦ 


Ah& I they are nat be$sts» and have sense 
and reason, or at least ought to have, al- 
thoagh sometimes their strength fails through 
kicked intentions- 
Some of the wounded Swiss fled to 
Milan, others to Como : those who isntered 
' Milan told the citkens, that thefy bad gained 
the battle, on which they "were led to the 
great hospital to be cured, — but when the 
Lansquenets afterwards entered that city, 
they finibhed to cmre, them in a strange and 
torible manner. 


MTION. . . . ■ - ., 

Not long^ after this victory, the townsmen 
of MilaUa .waited on the king, to Veg liis 
mercy and pardon for what they had done, 
and^to, jffeaent him with the keys of their 
gatest The^ king mercifully received ^ them. 

« ' ' t . 


and forgave them, but not without making 
them pay a heavy fine. The. french araiy 
now marched to lay siege to the castle of 
Milan, into which Maximilian Sforza with 
a body of Swiss,, and others whom he col- 
lected, had tlwown themselves. The ar- 
tillery made, within a few days* several 
breaches in ^he outworks; and Pedro de 
Navarre had worked his mines under the 
walls of the castle with such succ^s great 
jiart of them fell down. 

Maximilian, perceiving himself in dan- 
ger, made offers to capitulate, when the 
king sent his diandellor with other gentle- 
men to treat with him. They were all 
handsomely^ dressed : - the chancellor had on 
a flowing robe of raised cloth of gold^ 
llavihg entered the castle, they instantly 
Vegan a negotiation with Maximilian for 
peace, and proceeded in it so far that he 
accompanied them to^ the king's eamp^ 
where the treaty wa^? concluded, on cpn- 

/ dition that the Swiss in the castle should 
be allowed to march away with their bag« 

: gage in safety, and be paid' the whole of 
the money that had been promised them 
by the king of France, 


Maximilian, by this treaty, resigned all 
pretensions to the<luehy of Milan* to the 
king, who received him with kindness, 
tod had Wm escorfed to France, where hci 
tilA3^ heh^orth to reside. The king made 
& brini^t entry into Milan, and staid th^re 
8om^ time, during which he wte magnifi- 
Gently feasted by the nobles and gentlemefi 
' bf'tti^tol;^^ and duchy. 

litf regard to the inhabitants of Favftt; 
iiey - ^icaped bdn^ pillaged from tHenf 
fjo^eP^, for aH of the richer sort hsid retired 
^ito iSiilah so so6n as they heard of tfe^ 
Mrig's • sa^eesses,— ^tid a treaty was coh^ 
leM^A i*itfr th«m by means of a sum of 
ittoiiWf. ■ • 

» ■ » 


v' ^ Tiib tV88 brottgiit about t>]^ tht obtistuMi^ c9 
Boiirboii^ wbo bargained tbat MaxitaUii^ f^oMM.fffi 
joy a yearly pension of 30^000 dpcats, &c, • , , , j . ^ ^ 

See the trench and italian historians^ and parti- ' 
tularly Mr. Roscoe's tcJreriz^a de Medici and'LwrkV^ 

I I 

■ r . 'I 

f o 



» ■ • ' " ' r * ' ' ' 

.- :' . . 1 . u ,' ! ■• .i .1' > ■■■'. ■. <>!■ 

iKlEETi , ;A(T i BPLO(?If A» TQ iCO^^EPR 01^! THB 

TO..F«AJiCE. ,; iK,;<i.'/ •;; .;•..;!. .•.;;•■} .'.• .■■•; 

About this period diecj. thj^rCOi^m^in^fr of 
the ycnfitian force^, , the; ^ l,ord Paxttifljpmew 
^'Alyi^np,. His ^^th^^,w^s ic^i^s^. by,,« 
fever^ from oyej;heait^ng hiiq^filf!;. .He wftf 
lii^uch reg^retlted for his yalour ^i]^;tds, ^tj 
techment to the j^^pch itit/^^. ^k9 
Lai>s(jue»et§ received.fipin ,the kif^ at itwo 
different times, double pay. And dicing 
his residence at Milan, a treaty was con- 
cluded by him ^th* the Swiss^^caotons^ by 
meiins of a large sum of mofiey paid tfaem^ 
notwithstanding they had been so lately 
conquered by the French^ ' » , 

When this treaty was signed, am- 
bassadors were sent from the pope to the 
king, to invite him to Bologna, that they 
might hold a conference on the state of 
the affairs of Italy, and for the mutual 
ftrenjgthening of their friendship and ^ 

m ■ 

^9!^ WRd-Jae pqp?* ytJ^q jent^rt^in^c^, him 

^ongtp^qvers^nstogetfier. .,.,., .,:...., ; 

One day, the popje ;performed a 8<> 

jl^mp, scrying, 4n. .the (f^JJiedr^), 5if which the 

Ji«Wfft«^^¥e4'. .|t Jpsted, , 8911^9, J i5im,e;, after 

.%«^i T%.MP?ie iga^ejup,to, the,;king 

^gyqcalfto^ps thftt Wpn^^ ^? hhnjn right 
^•te<.4tfchj .ofi^jt^p. .. IJe, ^ave.also a 

txrQtl?«rto;tl%^arj^^^terpf, France, , ' 

b^bveeiy the pope; an^ the king, he.returnr Milan, ajod .thence took the road to 
France, leaving the duke of" Bourbdn, con- 
^ahle of France, his lieutenant-general of 
the Mikinese*, ^ He made all diljiffence in 
Ctfys^m^ the Alps^ , and arrived at La 
Bauroe* where tlje queen ^nd'his lady- 

17.1 > • • ri .*^ I >: Ml ' ♦^,»*, (\'>:\ff / . 

* 18 not this a mistake r was not I^autrec governot 
•f tbe Milaiiese I and who offended the inhabuapti by 




mother were waiting for hiA. Ife wtti 
joyftilljr received there, as well as in many 
other towns in Provence. On leavii^ Ia 
Ba^me, they all came togedlerto Avignbn, 
^nd had a handsome entry. Thence Ifhey 
proceeded to Lyon, where the qneieh made 
her public entry, and was teceiyed with' aB 
demonstrations of joy. ' ' 

"At this time died Ferdinand king of 
ArragonV who, durfng his teigii, had mslde 
hiany cofiqu^sts, moire espebiallj^ 'over tfie 
i^oors,' wh9ni he had subjected td" his 
obedience. At this period, also;' ^fed' the 
magnificent Lorenzo de Medid, brothet to 
jiope Leo %., who had IktelyHiarriefl 4 
^isierto the duke of S4v6y, and'^ster 'also 
to the countess of Aiigbot^me, x^other to 
to , Francis L king of France. He had 
been appointed generalissimo of the army 
of the church. 

Nearly at this period, a fbribus Battle 
was "fought between the Sptohl, Called Idl- 
hifeU arid, the grand Turk, and won hf 
the latter^, when more thaH' drib hiihdrej 
and sixty thousand iqen wei:e i?|ain% ^The 

* In the ^ Art de Verifier les bates^/ 1 find'tliat 
• empeior of the Ottomans, marches in dn^ 


Sophia however^ undismayed^ collected 
fresh troops, and inarched a considerable 
army against the Turk, whom h^, in his 
turn, defeated, and drove him beyond the 
walls of Constantinople into Greece, The 
Sophi remained in possession of dl the 
conquered couutry, while the Turk was 
l&e a captive within the territories of Chris- 
tendom, and the war was oc»itipa^d on 
both sides. 

year 1514 Bgaitiftt IthnoMl king of l^rttift^ defeats liii* 
ill the plain of Cbalderon, and gains Tauris* W#r 
was continued between them until the year iSl^t 
lichen Selim turned his arins against Kaosou yattan tift 




, ■,.".. ■ r ■ . • ' • . • ■ 


While the king of France was at Lyon, 
and toward the end of Lent, in the year 
1516, another war brokV out Jn Italy, 
through the usual manoeuvres of the^pm- 
peror Maximilian: he, at this time, was 
excited by the angels of king Henry of 
England, which had not for a long time 
flown in his country,— and by their means 
he subsidised the cantons of Swisserland 
and the Grisons. He also urged the citi- 
zens of Milan to revolt, principally through 
Galeas Visconti; and thinking every thing 
in a good train, he marched toward Milan 
with a body of troops that he had collected, 
under the brother of Maximilian Sforza, 
now resident in France according to tiie 



treaty f that had been concluded . with him 
4dter the battle of* Marignano. 

The emperor having, as I have said, 
ftssettibled an army, marichjed it from the 
plains of Verona to Lodi ; but the consta- 
ble, whom the king had left, as his lieute- 
^nt, in the Milanese, bearing of this, 
collected as many m^ together as the 
shortness of the: time would allow, and 
advanced to meet the enemy. His num* 
bers were not great, . on ; account of this 
expedition of the emperor being unexpect-^ 
ed, although he had received hints of his 
intendtion some seven weeks before, but he 
was not certain of the truth. 

. The constable marched his army to 
the nver Adda, and found the enemy 
posted on the opposite bank. A sh(Ht tim9 
prieor to this, the king of France had sum- 
moned some of the nobles of Milan to 
come to him, w][io proceeded as far as Suza> 
to the number of thirty-seven, when they 
held a consultation; and on the morrow, 
thirty-three of them fled to join the em- 
peror^ — but the other four remained loyal 
to the French, continued the road to Lyon, 


«Ni related to "liie king the shaiiM&l Ixm4 
duct of the othera, . .j^ 

To return to our subject; the diike of 
Bourbon, when on the Adda, dispakdbed 
messengers to the Swiss*cantans, to haaleii 
the troops the king had agreed fbr^^^ond 
in consequence, about nine or ten thousand 
infantry for the preservation of Milani 
marched to J urea. The duke of Bourbon 
was pr^)aring to attack the imperialists, 
when he heard that Milan w^ on the point 
of a revolt; and as he had not sufficient 
force to meet the army ^f the emperor with 
advantage, he was a^^ised to retreiat to 
Milan, although h6 was himself most de« 
$irou^' to try the event of a combat, and 
ii^fiit 4he coming of the Swiss, whO'remaifi<^ 
ed vepf long at Jurea. i. 

'f'he diike retreated with his army 
back to Milan with all dihgenecii to the 
great siiirprise of the inhabitants: he im** 
m^iately had strict inqinries made afteif 
the authors of - the intefnled revolt: sev^^ 
were confined in pris^, and many were 
beheaded* The othei^ eitizens» seeing 4^ 
the .French were completely masters €f 
their towi\, and that they were not the 



strongest, determined to suffer all extremi- 
ties should the Frenob continue their ill 

The emperor, when he heard of this 
sudden retreat of the French, thought hA 
had already conquered them, and, crossing 
the Adda, marched his army toward Milan, 
and fixed his quarters near to Marignano. 
You may easily imagine how much the 
hurghers of Milan were now alaiined,~» 
Ibr the constable had one of the suburbs 
burnt, to prevent th0 ^nemy hfxa forti- 

A few days after, the duke of Boutu 
bon sent presents of cloths pf gold, and of 
silk, to the principal leladers of the l&wisS) 
to hasten their march, which had the de« 
sired effect, — and they soon appeared be*^ 
fore the castle, wherein they were joyfully 
received by the constable. He had "imi- 
mediately Milan strengthened with iditohes 
and outworks, so that it was much stlfongei; 
than ever. The emperor advanced with 
his army, now. very numerous, before llie 
walls, and saluted them with a large train 
of artillery, which was as boldly returned 
from the ramparts by the garrison. 



i - 


* ■ - • 

About Whitsuntide, in this year of 15l6j^ 
the king of France departed from Lyon, 
accompanied by many gentlemen^ to ful- 
fil a vow he had made of a pilgrimage to 
tlie church of the Holy Handkerchief in 
Chambery. As. he had vowed to perform it 
on foot, he set out accordingly^ with his 
train of attendants. They formed a hand- 
some spectacle ; for they were all splendidly 
dressed in fancy habilivients, decorated 
with plenty of feathers. Thu? they fol- 
lowed the king cm foot as &r as Chambery, 
where he met the duke of Bourbon on his 
return irom Italy. This meeting gave 
much joy to both, — and the king tvas ^Or- 
tertained at Chambery, during his stay 
thdre, by the duke of Savoy. 

At this time, a 'treaty was concluded 
between the Spanianh' &xtd • the gamson in 

. the cdiStle of Brescia; who marched' away 
with their ai*ms and baggage. 7he Vene- 
tians, to whom the place belongc^v ' ittitae^ 
diately took possession of the towti and 
eastle, conformably to an agt^eSment nmde 

' with the late king of France; Louis XlX 
^m^whal pirior to. this, several toants in 
Germany collected bodfes of men; and 
ent^^ed Loitaine, where they coimmeted 
much mis(ihief. The caose of ^is v^arfere 
Was^a blaiih the Lansquenets ibade^dh cer^ 
tain m&ine^ in that country^, oti the- bordeti 
of Cfemiaiiyi whifch they a*temptfed.«6 gain; 
but the duke' of Lorraiiie repulsfed' them> 
iiid- nothing' more was done,- ' These coturtl 
waited afterwards on the king of Ftiafioe, 
at Tours, and' were preseHted to Irim by the 
l(wd de^ Florenge, son to the ca^tain^ 1ft 

llalxjh^.' ^ •'•' '"^ --■•■'•''• 

On 1#ie king's return ftom ^a^y,' he 
Iv^^iit' int$ Totorakie. Abo«i^ this tim^r 'tb^ 
king; of NarvatHrd died: he Was • s6tf to the 
terd d' AlWet, i dnd h^ been driven <!«it' of 
his kfiig^ni by Ferdinand ttie' CkhoU^, 


* ■/ 




Pa6e B. line 12. Lcrd de Guise.Ji Claude, 
second son of Ren6 tfie second, diike o^ 
Lorraine, was ancestor of the dukes of Guise. 
He died in 1550 aiid therefore inust have been 
very young at this period. 

Page 6* line 5. from the bottom. Melfy^ 
Q. Jmeljl?2 Mary, natutal daughter o£ Ung 
Ferdinand, married to Anthony, duke of Amelfi^ 
pf the house of Hccolominl 

Pag^ 16. lin^ 15. Lord de Luxembourg.'] See 
Jaotep. 108. 

F^ge 24. line 7 from the bottom. Marquis 
rf Mantua.'} Francis ID. fourth marquis of 
Mantua, of the house of jGonzaga. 

Page 24. line 3 frota the bottom. Lord 
of Ferrara.'] Hercules d'Este, first duke of 

Page 29. line IS. Bastard qf Bourbon.'] 
Matthew lord of Roche, eldest of the bastards 
of John n. duke of Bourbon. 

Page 81. line 4 from the bottom. Prince. ] 




His surviving children were 1. Charles first 
duke of Venddme, the father (by Frances de 
Longueville, duche^ of ^ea^umont) of Anthony 
king of Navarre. 2. Louis, cardinal of Vendome. 

3. Anthonia, wife of Claude duke of Guise. 

4. Louisa abbess of Fontevraud. 5. Francis, lord 
of St Pol, a title which he inherited from his 
his mother the eldest daughter of Peter, son 
of the^ ccmstable. , See vd. xi. page 213. note. 

Page 35. line 4 from the bottom. Died*^ 
Princ^ John, to whom the unfortunate Margaret 
pf Austria was betrothed after her rejection by 
Charles the eighth. 

Page 35. line 3 from the bottom. DuJke of 
Savoy.'] Charles, , John ^ AxiKideus, commonly . 
called Charles the second, duke of Savoy, died 
this year at the tender age of eight year?* The 
suspicion of poisoning the waters, yrhich is 
no where that I can find alluded to by Guic- 
dardini, probably refers to his successor Philip 
count of Brcsse who died the year following 
just at the time that he had intended to leave 
the party of the king or France and embrace 
that of the confederates.. Philip had three 
sons; Philibert 11. who succeeded him and died 
in 1504 without issue by Margaret of Austria 
his wife; Charles III; and Philip dyk^ of 
Nemours. Louisa, who married Charles count 

of Angoulesme, and is so celebrated in history 

«• ■ • ■ 



as tfie mother of Francis the first, was one of his 
daughters, - 

Page 88. line 1 0. Lord of Monffiertsier.'] This 
prince, by his wife Qara ^ Oonzaga ^ left issue, 

1. Louis count of Montpen^er who died in 1501, 

2. Charles^ who married Susanna daughter and 
heiress of Peter 11. duke of Bourbon, was 
made constable of Francein 1515, cWas after* 
wards condemned for treason^ and waa icilt> 
edin the imperial service at the siege of - Rome 
in 1527, S. Francis duke of Chatelherajolt^ died 
1515 ; 4. Louisa, lady of Chavigny, Bi Reparata, 
married to Anthony duke of Lorraine. -Ndther 
of the sons left any issue surviving. ' ' ^ •- 

Page 39. line 7. Soul.] See Philip ^eCoknines, 
whose most valuable memoirs condude ' with 
this event. 

Page 39. line 8. from the bottom. L,ordJoAn 
Peraule.'] Raymond Perault, bjshop of Salutes, 
Cardinal in 1493, died in 1505. . 

Page 46,' line 4'ft'om che bottom. Count 

Gay ache. 1^ Qu. Count of Cajaa^zo? He was* of 

the family of the San Severini, and coiinected by 

, marriage with the houseirf Sforza, tut not, that 

lean find, with that of Viscoiiti. 

Page 87. Kie 9. Jbifd ^ Peter cf ;Botwboni} 
Peterll. dtike of Bourbon; the last of ^the el«!est 
line of Robert de Gkrmout' 6on of St^ Lcteis. 
His onfly daughter and heir, J^usannav married 

Charles de Boufbon-Montpensier, afterwards 
constable of France and duke of Bourbon. 

Page 97. line 3. from the bottom. Wife.] 
Eleanor^ countess of Ligny princess of Altamura, 
dudiess of Venosa^ &c. &c. 

Pige lOO* line 15. Brother.^ Charles lit 
sumamed the good Their younger brother 
was Philip, who married Charlotte, daughter of 
Louis, duke of LongueviUe^ and was created duke 
of Nemours. 

Pige 100. line 17. Duchess tf Berry J^ Jane 
daughter of Louis SI. thp repudiated wife of 
Loub XIL who after her divorce was called 
duchess of Berry. 

Page 103. fine 4. Lord tfFcisc.'] Germaine 
de Foix, daughter of John viscount de Narbonne. 
See note to vol. x. p. 187. 

Page 105. Ikie 12. 1506.] Leaving issue, 
by Joanna daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, 
1 . Charles, afterwards emperor^ and king of 
Spain, 2. Eleanor^ the wife, first, of Emanuel 
king of Portugal, 2ndly of Francis thq firsts 
^. Isabella, the wife of Christian the second king 
of Denmark; 4. Ferdinand, King of Hungary^ 
and emperor of Germany after the death cf his 
brother; 5. Mary, the wife of Lewis^ the second 
king of Hungary } 6. Catherine, the wife of 
. John the third king of PortugaL 

. Page 105. fine 14. JugusL] Anne the wife 
of Uladiskus king of Bohemia, wha succeed^ 


to the crown of Hungary on the deadi of Mat- 
thias Corvinus in 1490. By this marriage she 
had LewiS) afterwards king of Hungary^ and 
Anne the wife of Ferdinand of AasXsS^p '. in 
^hose right he became king of Hungary on 
the death of Lewis in 1526 without issue. 

Page 106. line IS. John de Bentivoglio.'] 
Jdm the second of the name, son of Haanibal« 
and grandson of John^ who made himsdf master 
of BolGgnain 1400. Seethe historians of Bo* 
logna, especially the ^' historie memorabtU" of 
Gasparo Bombad who is by fsu: the most in* 
teresting of these writers. 
' PiigelOS. line IS. Trivulces.'] 

-**---«^' La nudrita Damigelia Trivulzia 
al sacro sp^cff^ 

She was the daughter of Giovanni Trivulzio 
^and Angela di Martinengo^ and is cdebrated 
tqually by the histotians and poets of the* 

Page 120. line 11. from the bottom. A/^j^«3 
Sia was married to Hercules the second, duke 
of Ferrara> and died in 1575. 

PagelflS. Ik^ 4t. Pedro de Navarre. 1 Pedro 
Navarm^ a. great, commander in the Spanish 

Pige 182. line 5. Marqm rf PescaraJJ 
Ferdinand d' Avalos, Marquis of Pescara. 

Pag^ 1S2. line 8. JBetcndeJ] Betonde^ 

' Pag^ 132'. line la.Vicipr^ of N^i.] Don 
Raymond •• de Cardonau * 

PagK;lS2. line 15. Marquis de la PadullaJ] 
D^ai^dude. See Guicciardini Lib. 10« for an 
accouiitof thisgre^t battle. 

Flage 1S2. last linfe. Utrecht.'] More pro- 
bably Trajetto, Vespasian the son of Prospero 
Coldnfust waG^ called duke of Trajetto, and though 
\ do -Adt find his name among those present at 
tbe^ battle of Ravenna^ it is not unlikely that 
h^ W2l8^ there under his relation Fabrido Colonna^ 
duke of * Palliano who commanded the ^ Italian 
forces. '^'■- \ '■ ' ' 'r* -• 

Page 151. litii^ 3 fitoni the bottoth;. X^il:^ of 
P^/0ji^.]v^an'ci^ cotfik d*ulVhgoulesme the-presump- 
tive heir to the crown bf France^ had lately been 
honbuixi^ wit& 1^& titie; 'M < 

Page >l 04. linn sSwrn* the bottsom, Brittany J] 
Frand& \stii^ >4ukc(' ojIF'Brtttlmf in tight of the 
princess Claude who succeeded to that duchy, on 
the Heath 4f h^'taiothcr queen «Ahney. For, 
although the twdi crdwns^ :th^ iroyal (and ducal, 
had been united in fhcf pefsdn of 0LiOui$; Xil^ y*t 
thi^ dichy remained) dfttinct from thd kingdom, 
and would h^sive pasiied away:' frdm jt : again had 
the princess Claude not married the heir, of^ the 
crown of Krance* /The countries. ^cfire.obt in- 
corporated till the reigti oF Fiaikcisf L tdio pro^ 
euted ah act of Union and settli^eat; lb be 


Page 167. line 2. Lord ofAletiforu] Gliarles 
the second duke of Alen9ony son of Rene and 
grandson of John 11. who was beheaded. He 
married Margaret the lister of Frands the first, 
afterwards wife of Henry d*Albret king of 

Page 167. lineS. Lord of BtwrbotL] Charks 
duke of Bourbon mentioned before. 

P^ge 167. line 3. Lord of Vend6me.'^ Charles 
duke of Venddme and Francis lord of St Pol, 
both mentioned before. • 

Page 167. line 4. Louis de NeversJ\ Count of 
Auxerre, 2d son of Engiibert qif Qeves count of 
Nevers who died in 1506. 

Page 167. line 10. Madame de NeyersJ] 
Mary d'Albret/ the wife of Charles Count of 
Nevers eldest son of Engiibert of Cleves. 


.) ;: ■-: 

I * ' 

^ . J 

* 'f 

; > ' <• ! ; 

; i 


•j 'y 


y ) 

* \ • 


i, . i 

{. >•'. ; 

t .. 

i i ji. / 


I . » I. 


Abbeville, a woman of, is bumt for kin- 

ing and salting her children, viii. ill 
Abbey of St Vincent, near Leon, is demolished^ 

vu. 159 
Absalon rebels through covetpusness, i. 24^ _ 
Ax:quitd|ie, Louis, duke of, marries Marjgaret, 
eldest daughter to the duke of Burgundy;, 
i. 121 ^ 
— —— — , his marriage opposed by the duke of 

Orleans, 1. 123 
Acquitaine, Louis, the young duke of, commit^ 
ted to the guardianship of the duke of Bur- 
gundy, ii; 150 . '. ^ 

/ marches to conquer Estampes and 
. Dourdan, ii. 349 

, his secretary, and other traitors te- 
hea40d near Bourges, iii. i60 

•" — J forbids .the cannoneerihg against 
Bouirg^, ii|. 67 * " ; 

, the keys of Bourges delivered to him 

by the d)^ of Betry, liL 75 

is displeased with his chancellor«jUL 

136 ' -*'./'* 

/ resolveis to take upon himself tl^e sole 
^^Ofl^ineat of the kingdom, iii. 134 r 

i threatens John, duke .pt Burgundy, 

m. 147 


Acquitaine, duke of, is compelled to reside with 

the king, iii. 148 
, is much troubled at the demands of 

the Parisians, iii. 157 

orders^ th^ prisoners to be liberated, 

m. 212 

-, being offended with the queen, sends 

letters to invi^ the duke of Burgundy to 
march an army to Pafb, iii. 285 

-, IS pacified with the king's ministers, 

and writes letters to prevent thq^armament ef 
the Burgurtdlarts, m\ 291 .' ; . , ' ' ' - 
—t-t: — , his letters to the duke, Iii. 566 

-, assembles a large fofce in Paris to op- 

^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ .^ AAA 

pos^ tjhe.duke of Burgundy, iii.. 3104 

'^ 4-, dfeides hiving sent foi: the diike, iii; 


-, lel^es iVis td join the king at Sea- 

lis, iv. 21 

^ is apiioiilted ' to the sthe thanagemenf 

■ » • 

of the finances, iv. 8 1 ^ 

/go6s t6 J^ieWn-sut-ITevire, IV. St -' 

— , goes to f^aris arid fotWds^ khA;,pHtices 

^ ^-^ — — — — ^ - - - ^^^ ^F— -^^ V — — — — — - T ■ 

of the blood to come to that city Minffl br- 
defcd by himsfelf ^r the king, iV.'B*'' """ 

: ^ suddenly enters the' faoigk ey'tf^th e 

qiid^ii^ confidafitt to search for ftidney,, 16. 
-^—^ — :. takes upioii* himself thef $ole^govcm- 
mefit of ' the kihgdbm; IV. 124 //.' 
>■ - ' is waitbd unon bv tli^ PSrisSitt^re- 

-.dies of %ie\&^it ih^, h^telile 

ere, 4;he village of 




AgpadeOO) defeat of the Venetians at, Jc3. 119 
Agnes, the fair, is taken ill at the abbey of Ja- 
,. niifges, ix. 98 . / 
-, her will, ib. 

^j dii^s in gr^t agony, is. 99 

Aides, taxes so called, iii. 107 

Al^PY) the. duke of, driv^ fToni:3c<)!d.and by.hi& 

brother, arrives at Paris^ xi. 313 
Albastre, ki^ of, is n^ade pi^isoner by |:Iie king, of 

wPortugalj^vi. 234 * . . 

Albert, duke, count of Hainault, dies, i. It20 

, some account of his issue^ ik. 

Albffth^ Charles 4'> besieges the castle of Carr 

lefin, i 119 > . 

■ t > ! . ■ f takei^ prisoner at the battle of^Azin? 

. court, iv. 185 

Al^Qfon, lord of^ his tents set on iBire^ iv. 60 ; ; 

y his gallant conduct at the battle of 

AzincQurt, iv. 199 ' . . .^ 

> slain immediately after having stmck 

di9V0 the duke of York, ib. 
Alencon, duke of, marries the daughter of the 

dtt)^ of Qiieans, v. 266 , : ;; 

— — , attempted to swerve from his loyajty 

to Charles Vn. vL IS 
^ niakes the chancellor of Brittany pn- 

-, conquers<his town of Alencon, ix. 4 2 

.\^\\y .; ^ r^ ; Fresnoy surrenders to him,' ijc. 49 
7^, takes ^USme castle, ix. 9Q 

>.V. ■"!' 

' — ^, arrested a^ Paris, suxd ^^mprisoned. 

— ^- , the king s i^nteoce on him, x. 3 

-, convicted and cpndemqDfd to d^tb 

.fw £iYOuring the En^^h, x^ J5 / 

js^nti^njce fxmuiiu^ .to rperpefiual }in- 




Alen9065 duk<^ of, jpardotied on the acces^on of 

LotisXLxi. 51 
— ^ 5 mkde prisoner by sir Tristan THer^ 

mite^ xi. 146 ^ 

-, brought W) Paris and detained pri- 

soner in the Louvre, xi; 151 

-^, tried, and condemned to be beheacted^- 


xi. 171 

, is delivered ftom the^ Louvre, xi. 232 

i!den9on, the town of, surrenders to the king 

by the count du Perche, xi. 60 ' 
Alexander ^V. elected pope, i.90. 111 
^-i--^- — :— , unusual rejoicings at Pisa and Paris on 
his election, i. 90, 91 . 
■ ■ ■ , Ms first bull' after his election, i. Ill 
, i^ poisoned at Bologna, i« 160 

Alexander VI, Pope, succeeds Innoceilt Vm. si» 

■ ' incites Charles VIH. to recover the 

kingdbfai of Naples, xi. 9 83 

, his attention to the king on Us entry 

into Rome, xi. 419 
Alexandria, the patriarch of^ preaches before tlie 

council of Pisa, ii. 100 
Alibaudieres, fortress of, attacked by sir John of 

Luxembourg, v. 172, 175 '\: 

Alliance, letter of, betweeiji the duke of Orleans 

and the duke of Lancaster, i. 62 
Almeric,"d*Orgemont, sir; seized as a conajwra^ 

tor, and condemned to perpetual imprison^ 

ment on bread and water, iv. 221 \ • 
Alphonso, king of Arragon, is defeated by the 

great captains of Italy, vi.;42 

, dles, ix.4$4 "' ''-". ."•■>.--' 
Alphonso, king of Naples/ on the i^lpi^oacb of 

Ciiittes \TIi; embarks fot Sicily, xii. IT . 
' ■ ' \ his bastard son Fetnwdo siicceedato 

the crown of Naples^ ix. 424 


Alveano, Bartholomus d\ a brave V^net^an com- 
mander, xii. 189 
. Am84eus^ count of Savoy, created a duke, iv. 

Amba^dors sent by the kin^ d France to ne« 
gotiate a peace between the princj^'pf the 
blood, iii. 178 

— , harangue of one concerning peace, 

iii. 183 

— , iarrive from England, to treat of a 
j marriage between their king,, and Catherine, 
ckughter of the Idng of France, iii. 230 
Amboise, sir Charles a, regains maay to^fms for 

,the king in the duchy of Burgundy, ix. 297 
Amboise, the cardinal oiF, receives the subrais- 
dons of the A^Uanese, xii. 54 

, makes his public entry into Lyon as 
legate to France, xii. 76 

— , forms the league of Cambray, xii. 112 

, falls sick at Lyon and dies, xii. 119 

• •* 

Am6 de Viry, his war with the duke of Bour- 
bon, ii. 80 
Am6 de Savoye,the count, ii. 195 
Amende honorable^ what, notey ix. 342 
Amiennois, the, great disorders are committed by 

the French in, vii. 92 
Alliens, the inhabitants of, refuse to attach them-* 

selves to the Orleans' faction, ii. 1 86 

— , the king's prodamation tOj, ii. 315 

, the people of, ri§e against the. levying 

of some taxes which were intended to be l^d 

on them, vii. 294, 
Amont, the lord de, oflFers his services to the 

duke of Bedford, viL 81. 
Ampula, the holy, brought to Louis XI. when 

sick at Flessisle pare, xi. 352 ., 


Angers, bishop of, extraordinary event at a trial 

between him and a burgher or F^s; x. 165 
Anglare, the castle of, besieged by the lord de 

Barbasan, vii, 13 . 
Angqr2Ly battle of, between Tamerlane in'd Ba- 

jazet, 1. 107 . V r 

AngpulSme, the count qf, pledged to thfe Eng- 

hsh. ui. 93 
AngoulSme, Madame d*. mother of Francis L is 

presei^tathiscoronation, xii. 175 
Ahjou is invaded by the earl of Somerset, viii* 

348 ^ 

Anne, duchess of Bedford^ dies at Paris, vii, 100 
Anne, duchess of Brittany, married to' Charles 

VIII. xi..87l 
; — , is crowned and makes her public en- 

try into Paris, xi. 378 r 

-, dies, xii. 161 

Anthony, duke of Limbourg, takes possession of 

that duchv and Maestricht, i. 180 
Anthonv ot Brabant tnarries Elizabeth, daujjhter 

of John duke of Luxembourg, ii, 116 
, slain at the battle of Azincourt, iv. 

Anthony de Bethune, sir, is captured in his castte 

of Auchel, vi. 399 
Anthony de 'N^enne, is killed at Conipi^grie, vi. 

Anthony bastard of Burgundy, his expedition 

against the infidels, x. 161 
/ , returns, x. 193 

-, goes to England to tilt with the lord 

■» ' >i 

Scales, X. 343 
ApostoficaVletter from Benedict XIIL to Charles 

king of Prance, i. 304 
Ardres, town o^ attacked by the En^sh from 

Calais, f.; 31 



Argentan> is tak^n by the count de Duli6is/ ix. 

26 ' " 

ArgueU^ the lord d', son to the prince of Orange 

quits the duke of Burgundy's service and 

joins the li^ng, si. 104 
An:embarc9 a Burgundy gentleman^ takes the 

town of Peronne, x. 281 
Armagnac, the count, refuses to sign the treaty 

of peace between the princes of the blood, v. 3 
, is taken prisoner at Paris, v. 12 
^ , is muitiered and mangled by the mob 

at Paris, v. 23 
Armagnac, the count, loses his territories for re- 
bellion, ix, 357 ' \ 
>• 9 joins the duke of Guienne against 

Louis jKI. xi. 118 

-, regains his city of Lectoure, xi. 1 44 

-, killed, xi. 147 

Armagnacs. See Orleans-faction. 

Arragon, 2^ doctor of, preaches vehemently at the 

council of Pisa, against the rival popes, li. 101 
\ — y the king of, is made prisoner by the 

duke of Milan,vii. 237 

^j flies from Perpignan, xi. 148 

, sends an e^nbassy to Louis XL, x. 164 

Arras, the inhabitants of, tortify it, and destroy 
several edifices which were around it, iv. 46 

: — , is completely surrounded by the king's 

army, iv. 50 

> account of various skirmishes during 

the siege of, iv. 51 

•, a treaty of peace is concluded before, 

iv. 58 

. ,. the peace of, is sworn to in sundry 
phces, iv. 116, 119 

'^ — , meeting of the commonalty and cler- 

gy of Amiens to swear to the peace of, iv. i l9 


Arras^ convei^tion at, vii. 2 1 1 
■ ' — ^ peace of j between Charles WL and 
the duke of Burgundy, vii. 24a 

, the cardinals, &c. leave, who had at-' 

tended the convention, vii. 286 

-, punishment of many persons at, for 

sorcery, x. 45 
Arras, the men of, suffer another considerable 
defeat from the king's army, xi. 1 92 
■ ' '" " , submit to the king, xi, 256 
Arthur, count de Richemont, being delivered 
from imprisonment, assists at the siege of 
Meaux, v, 319 

, joins the dauphin, vi, 67 
, makes war on the heir of Comtoef cy, 
vii. 330 

, Succeeds to the dukedom of Brittany, 

ix. 416 

-, dies, and is succeeded by the count 

d'£stampes,x. 1 
Artisans of Ghent excite the people to take up 

arms, viii. 67 
Artois, all sorts of crimes committed there witlh 

impunity, x. 99 
, heavy taxes are imposed upon it to 

support the war, vii. 169 

, is overrun by some French captains, 

vii. 101 

Asti, the county of, is yielded up to the duke of 
Orleans, viii. 418 , . 

— — — , honourable reception of Charles VHI- 
at, xi. 394 

Athalia, queen of Jerusalem, fell through covet- 
ousness, i. 255 

Athol, the earl of, murders James I. in his bed- 
chamber, viii. 3 

, is put to death in a very cruel man- 
ner, viii. 4, 5 


Atholr the earl o^ supposed reason for hk pttttiog 

the king to death, viii. 4 
Aubert de Canny, sir, suspected of >being the 

murderer of the duke of Orleans/i. 198 . 
Aubert, sir, lord of Canny, is sent by the king of 

France, ambassador to the duke of Burgundy, 

iv. 300 
', copy of the instructions given-to him, 

iv. 205 

, on his return from h^s embassy, is 

. accused by the royal council, iv. 322 

Aubigny, the lord d', wins the town of Naples 
for Louis XI I., %i\. 74 

■ ' ' , taken prisoner in Roussillon, aaii 97 

Aubusson, the cardinal of, grand master of 
Rhodes, dies, xii. 90 

Audeboeuf» Pierre, is quartered and hung, vii. 63 

Auffremont, the lord of, •has the castle of Cler- 
mont delivered up to him, vii. 67 

Augsbourg, a virgin at, lives forty years with- 
out eating, drinking, or sleeping, sii. 128 

Augustins, the general of the order of, preaches 
before the council of Pisa, ii. 100 

Auvergne, Marcial d', a notary, lea^s from a win- 
dow in a fit of fi^enzy, xi. 22 

Aumale, destruction of the town of, iv. 288 

Aumale castle is conquered from the English by 
the lord de Longueval,' vi. 299 

— ! , retaken by the English, vi. 324 

Auxarre, treaty of peace jit, iii. 80 

Auxerre, the inhabitants of, take part with the 
duke of Burgundy, xi: 1 1 1 

-^^ — -, make a sally and are defeated, xi. 1 30 

Aviemie, count de, i. 97 

Azincourt, battle of, iv. 172 

. 9 English lords rxt the t>attle, iv. 177 

VOL. XII. a 




AdMpwt, idng Hmry's compfete victory at, h. 

1 s tiaim€6 of the {irinoes and othtr tcH-ds 

who peridied or i»we made pmanttft tft this 

unfortunate battk, iv. 185— > 198 
■ ■ ■ ■'■^inany Frenchmen seek tiieir relatives 

on the field of battle, iv. 196 
Asincourt, the lord d', dain at the batde of 

Azincourt, iv. 187 


BabyIon, tha treaty Of peace between the king 
of, and the king of Cyprus is broken, vi. 75 
-, the sultan of, writes letters to the 

princes in Ghristendom, vi. 214 
BacqueviUe, the lord de, iv. 146 
Baguay, battle of, v. 263 
Bwm casde taken by sir John de Luicembourg, 

vii. 56 . 
Bajazet, his kingdom invaded by Tamerhme, 

1. 106 . 

-, is taken prisoner, i. 1 08 


Balthazar, cardinal of Bdogna, elected pc^, ii. 

163. See John XXIII. 
Baluc, Nicholas, his marriage with the daugbcer 

of sir John Bureau, xi. 40 
Baluc, John, cardinal of Angers, em{doyed in va* 

rious commissions by Louis XI. xi. 47 

, his treason and imprisonment, xi. 89 

, set at liberty by the kmg, xi. 323 

Bauclinghen, the fortress of, taksn by the £ng« 

lish, iii. 41 
Bapaume surrendered to the king and the cteke 

of Acquitadne, iv. 44 
Bar, the duchess, funeral of, i. 109 

Bar Ind Lsomine^ the Wi^ k f^newed betlnnieh 

the dukes of, i« 161 
Bar^ mister John de^ bttf AC as a iorcerer, i. 402 
Bar, the cardinal de, attends the council of Pisa, 

ii. «« 
Bar, Henry, duke of, tfitt, it. 632 
Bar, the cardinal diike of^ besieges the town ^nd 

castle of Ligay en B&frmil, v. 207 
, the duke bf>^ ^ters VatidefflDill to 

conquer it by fcMxe, vii* 22 

, is combated and defeated by the coufit 

de Vaudemont, tli. 35, 4^ 

— — — , is niade prisoiief , vii. 42 

^ his soldiers leave Vatidemont, vii. 51 
-i a peace is coTiChided betvinefen him and 

I .f • f I > 

the count de Vaudeftiont, vii. 105 

-, peace between hith and the counts de 

St Pol and de Loignyj Vii. 107 
Bar, war recommence* between the duchy of, 

and the county of Vaudemont, Viii. 89 
Bar, the lady of, wife to. the count of St Pol, 

dies, X. 98 
Barbasati, the lord de, lays siege to the castle of 

Anglure, held by the Burgundians, vii. 1 3 
Barrois and Loryaiti^rs overrun the county of 

Vaudemont, viii. 220 
Basil, general council at, vik 22 
■■ '■ — , a council is held at, to procure peace 

between France and England, vii. 1 ^ 

-, council of, a quarrel arises between 

the council and the pope, viii. 99 
Bassuel, Aussiel, master, beheaded, iv* 33 
Batta^e, Nicolle, dies of grief for the infidelity of 

his wife, xi. 334 
Battailler, sir WiUiam$ and sir John Carffiieii, 

tombat between, ii; 83 



^atilter, Guillaume, killed at the siege of Bcmr- 

ges, iii. 60 
Battle between the Saracen and Spanish fleets, i. 

, bet?ween the dukes of Burgundy and 
Hainault and the Liegeois, ii. 28 
, of Azincourt, iv. 172 
y of Herrings, vi. 253 
, of Pataye, vi. 271 
J of Gaveren, ix. 270 -^ 

, of Rupelmonde, ix. 218 
y of Hexham, x. 162 
— — , of Montlehery, x. 245, 252 

, of the duke of Burgundy and the 

duke of Lorraiae before Nancy, xi. 248—258 
—— — , of Guinegate, xi. 3 1 5 
-, of St Aubin, xi. 369 


-, of Foroneuvo, iii. 24 — SO 
-, of Ravenna, xii. 135 
-, of Spurs, xii. 153 
-, of Flodden, xii. 159 
, of Mari^nono, xii. 182 

Bavaria, Louis of, is presented with the casde of 
Marcoussi and appurtenances, ii. 137 ., 

— ; ^ espouses the daughter of the king of 

Navarre, ii. 140 ^ . 

-, is driven out of Paris, and his people 

robbed, iii. 24 

-, surrenders himself to the Parisians^ 

uu 53 

', marries the widow of the lord de 

N^varr^ , iii. 24 
Bavaria, John of, declares war against his niece, 

daughter to the late duke William, iv. 263 
; resigns his bishoprick of Liege, and 

marries the duchess oi Luxembourg^ iv* 2^4 
, makes war on his niece m HdHand, 

iv. 878 

. 229 

Bayard, the captain, taken prisoner and carried 

to England, xii. 158 
Bay cux, siege of, by Charles VII. ix. 118 
Bayonne, siege of, by the counts de Foix and 

de Dunois, ix. 180 

, surrenders, ix. 186 

Beaujeu, the lord of, betrayed to the count d'Ar- 

magnac, xi. 144 
, marries the eldest daughter of Louis 

XL XI. 156 

, makes prisoner the duke of Nemours 

in the king's name, xi. 227 

-, arrives at Paris to receive the dau- 

phiness from the hands of the Flemings, xi« 

Beaumont, the lord, dies of the bowet complaint, 

iv. 145 
Beaumont, the castle of^ taken by the Burgun^^ 

dians, iv. 234 
Beaumont, in Argonne, siege of, vi. 224 
Beauvois, the duke of Burgundy is admitted in-^ 

to, iv. 330 
,^ besieged and attacked by the duke 

of Burgundy, xi. 132 
Beaurain, John de, is put to flighty by William 

de Coroam, vii. 1 39 " 
Bedford, the duke of, made regent of France, 

V. 381 
, is married to Anne, daughter of the 

duke of Burgundy, vi. 33 

, marches a large army to keep his ap- 

pointment before Ivry, vi. 86 

-, combats the French, and gains a com- 

plete victory before Vemeuil, vi. 89, 95 

-, he and the duke of Burgundy en- 

deavour to make up the quarrel between the 
dukes of Gloucester and Brabant, vi. 109 



Bedford, the duke of, and the duke of Bur* 
gundjrmeet in the town of Dourlens, vi. 156 

, prevents the combat between the 

dukies of Burgundy and Gloucester, vi, 168 

s after a residence of eight tncmths ii^ 

England returns to Calais, vi. 178 

-- •: , lays siege to Montargis, vi. !9& 

•, his forces in France are reinforced by 

tHe cf?^rl of Salisbury, vi. 228 

wants to lay hands on the revenues of 

tHft ibvirUi, vi. 232 

-, he and the duke of Burgundy renew 

t^eir 2|Uiances, vi. 276 

', assembles a large army to ~ combat 

king Charles, vi. 287 

— — ^rr^ ^ends a letter to the king, lA. 

-, his army meets that of the king's, vi. 
, matches a lai^ge force ta support the 

English and Qurgundians at L^^ny^sur-Mame^ 
yii. 83 

•, marries the daughter of the count de 

St Pol, vii. i i 3 

-, goes to St Omer to meet the duke of 

Burgundy, vii. 116 
Bedford, duchess of, re-marries an English knight 

called sir Richard Wooc^ville, vii. 397 
Belle mocte, the castle of, remains firm to the 

Burgufidians, iv. 52 
Belleme, siege of, iii. 306 
Belleme castle is taken by the duke d'Alda^oBf 

ix. 90. 
Belleville, siege of, by th6 BurguiKiianSrvii. 172 
Benedict XlJt imposes a tax on his.etei^, i, 1^4 
-«rrn — ^— , discbimgd throu^out France, i. 166 
--^-: , his r^ply to the French king's embas- 
sy, 1.304 


Benedict XIII. excommunicates the Idng antt 

his adherents, i. 304 ._.,,_ ,_. „. 
^_ , the university of Pans declares against 

*°"' ^' a renowned doctorin theology preache*. 

against him at Paris, i. S 1 6 ^ , «•„ 

° ig condemned at the council of Fisa, 

ii. 90, 109 
. causes a scmsm, vi. 8© 

-, dies, yi. 72 

the princes <rf the Wood, promises to relmqutA 

his taxes, ii. 146 ' _..,-, 

, retires fifom the court, u. 15 1 

is remanded to Paris, ii, 156 

ii. 181 

, again quits Paris, ii. 173 

, , unites with the duke of Orlesms and 

.^^!!jh^ and the rest of the dukes in the 
Orleans faction, send letters to the king, u. 1 80 
^ their letter to the town of Amiens, 

— , appnointed guardian of the duke of 

Acquitjane, iL 203 .j • »i,„ 

____—, b refiised his request to reside m the 

hdtel d^ NeeUe, a. 284 ^ 

^, 18 banished the realm, n. 919 

^ he and the duke of Orleans send an 

embassy to the king of En^<^ iii. IS _ 
_ 5 is dosely beaeged in Bourges, lU. 54 
_— -, negotiates for peace, ui. 63 
^ his^ interview with the duke of BuTf 

i!!f!l^ver» up the keys of the city of 
Bowges, iii. 75 * 


Beny, the duke of, is taken dangerously ill, but 

recovers, iii. 95 
' -•' • ' — , is waited upon by the Parisians relative 

to the treaty of peace at Arras, iv. 72 

-, offended at the appointment of the 

duke of Acquitaine to the sole management 
of the finances, he harangues the Parisians, 
iv. 81 

, dies> and his duchy and county re- 

vert to the crown, iv. 225 
Berry, Mesnil, carver to the duke of Acquitaine, 

beheaded, iii. 175 
Bretagne, Gilles de, dies of a dysentery, iii. 77 
Beftrand de Chaumont beheaded, v. 230 
BertraHd, Jean de, is put to death, v. 27 
Birengueville, sir Robert de, killed at the siege 

of Mercq castle, i..l47 
Blanc, the chevalier, supposed to be the great 

Huniades, dies, ix. 365. See Moyelle, the lord 

de. - ^ 

Blaumount, the count de, slain at the battle of 

Azincourt, iv. 186 
Blaye, siege of, ix. 160 
Blond, sir John le, iv. 160 ' 
Blondell, sir John, takes the castle of Malmaison, 

vi. 205 . 1 . 

— — , surrenders the castle, vi. 210 

Bocquiaux, the lord de, retakes the town . of 

Gompi^gne, V. 34' . ' 

Bordeaux submits to the French, ix. 171 

, is retaken by the earl of Shrewsbury, 

i;x. 201 ' 

, the men of^ are defeated by the lord 

d'Orval, ix. 1 54 
Bosqueaut, the lord de, is beheaded, vi. 10 . 
Boucicaiit, the marshal, ii. 88 

-, the town of Genoa rebels against him. 

li. 123 



Boucicaut, the marshal, slain at the battle of 
Azincourt, iv. 185 

BoufiU6,sir, a knight, challenged by an Arrago- 
nian knight, who fails to keep his engagement, 
appeals to the count de Dammartin, xi. 22 1 

Boulogne-sur-mer, castle of, sold by the gover- 
nor to the English, x. 277 

, the plot betrayed ^and frustrated, x. 

Boulonois, the constable of France marches into 
the, iii. 49 • 

, continuation of the war in the, iii^ 91 

— , are overrun by the French, vii. 208 

Bourbon, sir James de, is sent from France to the 
succour of the Welch against the English, 
L 87 

— , takes the English fleet and destroys 

Plymouth harbour, i. 88 

Bourbon, duke of, annuls the confederation with 

< the duke of Burgundy, and attaches himself 
to the duke of Orleans, ii. 272 

—- , his war with Am6 de Viry, a Savoy- 
ard, ii. 80 

■ ■ — , strengthens his town of Clermont, 
ii. 279 

*, is personally banished the realm, ii. 


— ^ fiercely attacked near Villefrancbe,iii|i 2 

-, his children liberated, iii. 1 1 

, made prisoner at the battle of^.Azin* 

court, iv. 194 

-J is attacked at ^^efranche, vii. 1 72 

>, terms of peace between him ^nd the 

duke of Burgundy, vii. 185 

-, and others form a design against the 

government of Charles VII. viii. 190 

-, he is reprimanded and pardoned by 

the king, viii. 194 


Bourbon^ duke of, correspondence between him 

and Louis XL x. 2 10 
— m. ■ , joins the Count de Charolois, x. 259 

, ., takes the town of Rouen» x. 279 

, Bourbon, duke Peter of, is appointed 

regent of France during the absence of Charles 

Vm. in Italy, xi. 386 
, dies, xii. 87 

Bourbon, duke of, declares war against the king, 
and seizes aB hh finances in the Bourbonnois, 
X. 375 ^ 

' i his great successes against the Bur- 
gundians and Lombards, xi. 1 90 

-, the king issues a comnriission against 

him,xi. 319 
Bourbon, the bastard of, takes the town of la 

Mothe in Lonmne^ ^. 177 
— — , is drowned by order of the king of 

France, viii. 255 
Bourbon, the widow duchess of, comes to reside 

with her brother the duke of Burgundy, 

X- 118 
Bourbon, the lady x\gnes of, dies, xi. 246 
Bouit)on, Louis de, bishop of Liege, killed by 

sir William de la Mark, xi. SS8 
Bourbon, the constaUe of, Heutenant-general for 

Francis I. in Italy, marches against the earpe- 

for Maximilian, xii. 198 
Bourdon, sir Louis> is arrested and executed, 

iv. 378 

— , his.casde besieged by the duke of 

Acquitaine, ii; 350 

I I ■ ■* , Is taken prisoner^ ik ^'• 
Bourges, siege of, iii. 54 
«— . — '-^j the' wells of, poisoned by tlie Armag- 

. •• 

nacs, lu. 57 ' ' , 

— i — — , iJbie besieged break the tt«ce» but are 

defeated, iii.59 



Bourges, the besiegers decamp and lay siege tO 

it on the opposite side, iii. 65 
, the princes and lords within the city 

wait on the king and the duke of Acquitaine, 

111. 73 

■, the keys of, presented to the duke of 

Acquitaine, iii. 75 

, the archbishop of, harangues relative 

to the object of an enib^ssy to the English, 

iv. 129 N 

Bournecte, M. fights a combat with Solsier Bu- 

noige, i. 125 
Bournonville, Robinet de, iv. 180 
Boursier, Alexander, iii. 117 
Boussac, the marshal de, lays siege to the castle 

of Clermont, vi. 387 
Bouteiller, sir Guy de, deserts to the English, 

V. 73 
Boys, the lord du, attacks the Engliifii fleet near 

Brest harbour, i. 90 
Brabant, duke of, his quarrel with duke Wil- 
liam, ii. 69 

, assembles a large force at Paris, ii. 188 

— , his army quarrel with the army of 

the count Waleran de St Pol, ib. 

— , slain at the battle of Assincourt, iv. 

Brabant, John, espouses his cousin german Jac- 

quelina, countess of Baiyaria, wha,wa3 his 

godmother, v. 35 
— ' — , quarrels with his duchess> who leaves 

him and goes to England, v. 247 

, his wife is married to the duke of 


Glaocester, vi. 25 

— , his allies take the to^m of Bt^ne, vi^ 


3 Ireceives the b^ ^ pope MartiH' 

!*■ *■ 




Brabant, John, dies, vi. 203 

Braine, the town of, taken by the allies of the 
duke of Brabant, vi: 136 

Brescia, the inhabitants of, put themselves under 
the dominion of Venice, xii. 1 22 

■' , taken by the duke of Nemours with 

great slaughter, xii, 124 

Bretons, the, issue in arms from their country, 

f and spread over Normandy, xi. 58 

• , take Merville, xi. 69 

Bresse, the countess of, lady Margaret of Bour- 
bon, dies, xi. 349 

Breze, sir Pierre de, sails from Honfleur, and lands 
at Sandwich, ix. 396 

", takes it by storm, ix. S98 — 401 

Bridoul, Raoul, the king^s secretary, struck with 
a battle-a:^e, and killed, iii. l47 

Brittany, the admiral of, attacks the English fleet 
near Brest harbour, i. 90 

, undertakes aix expedition against Eng- 
land, and is slain, i. 102 

Brittany, the duke of, comes to Paris, iii. 229 

— , his quarrel with the duke of Orleans, 

m. 242 

, quarrels also with the count d'Alen- 

9on, ib. 

•, the duke of, carries on a sharp war 

against the old countess of Penthievre, ii. 121 

,' the duke of, arrives at Paris to treat 

with the king concerning the duke of Bur- 
gundy, iv. 209 

-, is made prisoner by the count de Pen- 

thievre, V. 249 

, after an imprisonment of some months 

he is liberated, v. 254 
Brittany, is invaded by the English, vi. 216 
Brittany, Frauds, duke of, puts his brotiher the 

lord Giles to death, viii. 407 


, Francis, dbke of, makes complaint 
against the English on the loss of his town and 
castle of Fougares, viii. 427 

^ Francis, duke of, takes Avranches and 

many other places, ix. 117 
-, dies, ix. 416 

, succeeded by his brother Arthur, count 
de Richemont, ib. « 
Brittany, Arthur, duke of, decision of the three 
estates respecting him, xi. 62 

, is reconciled to the king, xi, 7 1 

, refuses to wear the king^s Order, xi. 9S 

- ' , makes peace with the kmg, xi. 101 
, armour which he had ordered from 
Milan seized by the king's officers, xi. ^29 

—^ dies, xi. 368 

Broye castle is taken by the English, vii. 387 
Bruges, sends deputies to the captain-general of 
Ghent, viii. 76 

— , peace between the town and the duke 

of Burgundy, viii. 84 

7- , the town of, rebels, viii. 1 3 

-, the populace attack the dukd of Bur- 

gundy, viii. 19 

-, the men of, lay the Low Countries un- 

der contribution, viii. 31 

-, begin to subside in their rebellion^ 

vm; 47 

, the dukes of Burgundy and Orleans 

: J justs are held at, viii. 242 

•, a- ^tournament performed at, before 

'*'*< . 

the duke of Burgundy, xi. 67 
Brussels, a grand tournament at, vi. 244 
Bruyeres, the. town of, is won from the French 

byjsir John de* Luxembourg, viit. 131 
Buchan, earl of, defeated^and kitted by the duke 

of Bedford at Vemeuil, vi. 98 


beheadec^ ti- 2S9 • 

Bude^ William, ill; iO^ 

HvSl of the pope dell^ iMfi^, by fAwk be ex- 
communicates the king bf FrteMwand others, 
i.S09 ; 

BmU of p«pe 41e9cu)det V« (hi hi^ .Action, ik ill 

Burdet, sir Nicholas, is killed at St XJeiiffi, Hriii. 

Burdon de Salligny, ^ir, jarreBted by orders of the 

dukeQC.8urgi;M!idy,iUi 94 
fiu]fguQ<£ians, th^ king's party and they, after 

the death of duke John, form acquaiataaees 

with the English, v. 160 . 
^ .>" -^ and the Dauphinois dr^w up in batde 

array against each other at Moni in Vimeu^ 

V. S^ 

-, the lords assemUe in ^n(is tq conduct 

»*'» ■»>! 

thither their lord from Picardy, v. 310 

-, march to meet the Dauphinois at 

d'Airaines, v. 329 

-, enter into a strict alliance with the 

English) before the battle of Crevant, vu 4S 

, are defeated by the French under 

Charles VII* in Datiphitiy, vi. S72 ^ 

', decamp in disgrace from before Com- 

pidgtie, vi. 385 

', are conquered by the Frendi during 

their march to Guefbigny, vi. 389 

•, are assisted at Lagny sur.Marue by the 

duke of Bedford, vii. 83 

, Under pretence of being English, ^in 

the castle of La Bone, vii* 9^ 

-, conquer many castles, vii. 16 1 

H — , appear before Yillefranche, yii. ;87 

«-, a truce is agreed updn with I4 Hire 

aiudhis meii, Vii. 808 



BmgimdiaiiSy the French abd th ey anon ^ 

amicable terais in Arra8» viL 890 
-i^- — — — , are ill used by the Londoners after the 

peace of Arras, m 891» 292 

-^ they are suspected by the £ng^fll^ vii. 


Burgundy, Philip, duke of, goes to take pOsaes* 

Aon of Brittany, L 42 
^ makes preparation for the mahiaee 

of his second son with tlw daughter of the 

count de Waleran, i. 88 

-, makes a journey to Bar4e-^duc and to 

*l l*!^! 



Brussels, L 109 

, dies at Halle, in Hainault, i. 1 1 1 

, his body is carried to the Carthunan 

convent at Dijoii in Burgundy, i^ 112 

-, his death universally lamented, i. 1 1 3 

Burgundy, John, duke dF, goes to Paris, and 
causes the dauphin and queen to return thither, 
i. 337 

, his petition to the king of France, 

i. 141 

— , reconciled to the duke of Orleans, i. 


— — , dbtains the government of Picardy, 
i. 157 

-,' hc^s a council at Douay concerning 

^mi m [. 

the king's order for disbanding his army, i. 

-— ^, departs from Paris on account of 'the 

afiairs of Li^e, i* 320 

reply to his charges against the duke 


of Orleaiis, i. ^33 

■ " ■ " i*"% compared to Cain, i. 346 

-— , his great jwride a^d obstinacy, i. 359 
^-««, covetousness the cause of his murder 

of the duke of Orleatis, i* 363 



Burgundy^ John, duke of, a cutting, apostrophe 
to, on his murder of the duke of Orleans, i. 
S79 . . ' 

— — ^, his dissimulation exposed, i . 3 83 

— ^^, his contradictory confessions, i. SS5 

-, reply to his libel against the duke, 

i. 389 

-, the duchess cf Orleans' proposed pu- 

nishment of, ii. 7 

-, assembles men at arms to defend John 

of Bavaria, ii. 19 

, is informed of the duchess of Orleans' 

demands respecting his punishment, ii. 20 

-, his great courage at the battle near 

Tongres with the Liegeois, ii. 35 

, gives no quarter to the prisoners, ii. 36 

sends a message -to the king to inform 

him of his victory over the Liegeois, ii# 37 

J returns to Flanders, ii. 42 

-, names of the lords who attended him 

on his expedition, ib. 

-, a council is held at Paris to consider 


on the manner of proceeding against him, ii. 

, the king's letters of pardon to,' an- 

nulled, ii. 60 

', measures against him stepped in con- 

sequence of his victory over the Liegeois, ii. 

'-^-'' , sumamed ^* Jean sans peur," ii, 62 

— — — , resolves to oppose all his enemies, ib. 
-, marches an army towards Paris, ii. 64 

— — • — , public rejoicings on his arrival, ii. OS 

, negotiations respecting his peace with 

the king, ii. 66 

■ — , terms of his reconciliation, ii. 68 

, ceremonials of his reccmdliation, ii, 72 



Butgnndy^ John, duke of, intreatir a recondl^a^ 
tion with the children of Orleans, ii. 73 

, holds a council at Lille, ii. 1 20 

-, makes magnificent presents at Paris, 

• • 

ii. 149 

•~- , undertakes the education of th^ duke 

of Acquitaine, ii. 150 

', is suspicious of the conduct of the 

Orleans-party, ii. 176 

r-, assembles a large army, ii. 177 

-9 prepares for defence against Charles 

duke of Orleans, ii. 217 

, ambassadors are sent against him from 

the duke of Orleans, ii. 22S 

-5 is accused at great length in a letter 

to the king, ii. 236 

•, greatly alarmed at the hostility of the 

duke of Orleans, iL 263 

, receives a challenge from the duke, 

ii. 265 

, his answer to. the duke of Orleans' 

challenge, ii. 269 , > -•*, , 

, is discontented with sir Mansart dti 

Bos, i6. 

•, his letter to the duke of Bourhon re* 

minding the duk^ <^i his treaties of alhance« 
ii. 270 

, writer to the bailiff of Amieiis^ li. 273 


, invades the county of Clermont, u. 


, ^sembles an immense army and be* 

sieges the town of Ham> ii. 288 

, is deserted by the Flemings, ii. S02 

-«— , assembles another army to march to 

Paris, ii. 307 

r, much intercourse takes place between 

him aii4 Henry, king of England, ib. 
vox*. :jcii. R 

Burgundy, Jolift, duke of, fe in dinger of being 

assassinated at Pontoise, li. 315 

_-j ^, nyarcheB a lar^e army to Paris, ii. 9^K> 

, his reception in that city, ii. 881 

__ , leads a great army to St Cloud, ii. $26 

x^.^. ■^. „ : , marclies to conquer E^ampes and 

Dourdan,ii 3^8 

-, pteads with thie duke of Acqtritaine 

respecting peace with the Armagnacs, ul» 67 

— , has an interview with the duke of 

Berry before Bourges during the siege, iir. 

69,71 . , 

. ■ ■ ■■>->, rides oh the same horse with the duke 

of Orleans, iii. S3 

, has the rule of the nation, iii. 96 

, is threatened by the duke of Acqui- 

taine, iii. 147 

^ , endeavours to appease the Parisian 

inob, iii. 155 

— . -^ quits Paris in fear, iii. 215^ 

— — .*—, h<*is a courtdl at Lille, iii. 290 

^ is in great fear that his enemies would 

turn the king against him, iii. 235 
, is waited upon by the earl of War- 
wick, and others, ib^ 

, is advised t» march towards Paris with. 

„*■ ^i 

an army, iii. 242 

.-^-^j gives a grand entertainment at iiile. 

iii. 246 ' ' 

^ — , IS commanded by ambassadors fipom 

the king to make no treaty with the fingBsfa^ 
and to surrender his castles, ^. 

... -i—^ his daughter is sent back from iixe 

king of Sicily, iu. 364 . « , 
. writes letters to the kins of FlrsttKe, 

containing remonstrances, iii.*265 

^ goes to Antwerp, irtdierc he hcflkls a 

council, iii. 283 * -^ 



^iffgandyy John, duke of, v(^rite3 letters to 
the principal towns in Picardy, iii. 286 

■ I - i ■' — > — , jp^arcbes ^ large force towards Paris> 
fii. 2^ 

— , arrives at St Denis, iii. S06 

^9 ^ends jbis king at iurios to thedtike of 

Acquit^ine, ill 807 

-» is positively refused lulmittance into 

Pacis^ ai 308 

-, retires froin before Paris, and writes 

^ ^ ' — 

letters to the principal towns of France, iii. 310 

— , sends his king at arms to the king and 

his minister^, iii. 314 

— , retreats to Compidgne, iii. 315 

— ^ goes tg Arras and hold^ a council, iii. 

*-T— — -, writer, from Arra3^ tetitCTS:t;o the priuf 

. dptJ ito^^ns, iii. 318 
*r^ — r — 9 13 deprived of all the &yours formerly 
done to him by the king of FrsiQce, iU. 534 
> hdds a graad (SQUiacil at Arras, and i$ 

» ■■■>>■ .^mpi^mm* 

promised support, iv. 15 

r, form3 alliances land goes iotp Flanders> 

iv. 40 

-r-'^r — r, garrisons diffeipdnt townsand castles,^ 


-, peace between him ax»d the king, iv. 

60 i ; 

rr i J I .i: , marches a force i»to Riutgjipdy, iv. «3 

besiege^.the castle of Tonneere, iv.:85 

, besieges Chateau-Belin, and/gives the 

Dsislie tohisjson'fhe:coiaD.t:de Charolois, iv. 86 
— ^^i — r, neaii^e rfaefbveenhimand theJ^ine »£ain 

coacladed, iv.-dS. :* ^ i. 

rtftn — r-— -^» sends . ambasisador^ to ithe duke: of Ac- 
quitaine, iv! 133 

-,jtadBes the <mA to oterve pea^e-wiih 

i ij i 

the king.of ifjcaoce^ In. MS h 



Buf gundy, Jobn, duke of, makes war on Cant-' 
bray, iv. 147 

— , the lords of Kcardy are prevented by^ 

him from obeying the summons of the king, 
to arm against the Endish, iv. 153 

-, is grieved at the result erf the batHe of 

Azincourt, yet prepares to march a large army 
to Paris, iv. 200 

-, vows revenge against the king of Si- 


cily, iv. 204 

, is refused admittance, with an armed 

force, into Paris, ib. 

-, again quits the vicinity of Paris and 

marches into Lille, iv. 210 

-, is called by the Parisians Jean de Lag- 

ny, ib. 

-, several persons of his faction are ba^ 

nished at Amiens, on suspicion of being con« 
cerned in the late conspuracy, iv. 225. See 
also Conspiracy. 

-, a truce is condiided between him and 

England, iv. 227 

-, opexr war is declared between him 

Ifcl MP 

and the Orleans^faction and the kin^, iv. 244 
-, increases his^ men at arms, iv. 245 
-, meels the emperor of Germany and 

the king of England at Calais, iv. 247 

-, goe» to Valenciennes, in obedience to 

a summons which he receives from the dau* 
phin, iv. 250 

-, swears mutual friendship towards 

duke William, count of Hainault, iv. 250 

', sends letters to many of the principal 


towns of France, on the state of the nation^ 
iv. 265 

the foreign companies attached to his 

party commit great misi^hiefe, iv»286 


Burgundy, John, duke of, sends ambassadors to 
many of the king's principal towns, to form 
alliances with them, iv. 292 

, threatens the lord de Canny, and re- 
turns answers to the charges of the king 
against him, iv. 300, 302 

, orders are issued against him, iv. 328 

— , continues his march towards Paris, iv. 


-, several towns and forts surrender to 

him, in which he places captains and gover- 
nors, ib. 

— , crosses the river Oise, at I'lsle-Adam^ 

iv. 334 

-, besieges and conquers Beaumont and 

Pontoise, iv. 335, 336 

-, fixes his standard near Paris, and calls 

the place " die camp of the withered tree^'* iv. 

', sends his herald to the king in Paris, 

iv. 344 

• , being forbidden an interview . with 

the king, leaves Mont ChastiUon, and makes 
several conquests, iv. 346 

-, sends letters to the principal towns in 

France, iv. 348 

-, raises the siege of Corbeil, and attends 

a request of die queen of France at Tours^. 

iv. 355 

-, marches his whole araiy to Paris, ivt 


—-, being repulsed, marches with the 

queen to Troyes, iv. 375 

-«———, visits the emperor Sigismund at Mont- 

meliart, iv. 388 

-, is visited by the cardinals d'Orsini and 

di San Marco, y« l 


• •- * * 

Biirgtitidy, Jolin, duke of, pfead^' U sigatft at-^^ 
tempted to be made bet^eeft hifci arid the rest 
of the princes of the blood, v. 4 

, hfe troops take the city of Paris> and 

<— *A 

, are joined by the Parisians, v. 9 

■— , his badge, a St Andrew's cross, is worn 

by the Parisians,, v. 16 

-, Aiany towns arid castles submttto hirn. 

.— ^ 

V, 18 

-, <^rries the queen to Pari$, v. 24 

T-, is made governor of Paris, v. 26 
, orders the government of Parrs ac- 

cording to his pleasure, v. 53 

-, has an interview with the dauphin. 

, is summoned by the daujphift to m^et 

him at Montei'eati, v. 11 3^ 
•''^ — t-^— ^, is cautioned' respecting his interview 

with the dauphin, v. 116 

--*-^ ^, resolves to rtieet the dattphtn, v. 117 ^ 

-, his last interview with the daupfein. 

»i i >i 

V. 1 20 

, is struck whh ^ battle^atx^ by iit Tan- 

m * " 

neguy, v. 121 

-^^-^,Js.batb^otisly nfXurdered, i^, 

•7-, names of the princi^ actor*, itt tfie 

conspiracy sfgaihst him, v. 123 

■^; is interred ih the church of Otti* Lady 

at Montereau, v. 127 
Bfirgtmdy, fiiifif), dufee of, tlie count ^de Chacrcr- 

lois, holds a council on the state of his aHa^, 

and'coffcliides^a irucc^ with the Engrfsfe, v. 14^ • 
, orders, a funeral sef^ce tdh^ per- 

fbrftied in the church of St Vafaist, at Amis, for ' 

his late father, v. 1 46 
■ rt.f- vr. ^ lays siege to Grespy, v. 164- . 


Bnisaady, Pldlip^ duke of^ entett Troyas, v. ie$ 
^ the greater part of Jbk army disbaiid- 



ed, V. 178 
■■ " ■ ^ tiukc9 ^ formal complaint to the .king 


respecting the murder of his father, v* 234 

, marchi^ to Foot de St Remy and 

cottqMrs It, T. 280 

', lays siege to the town of St Riquier^ 

V. 284 

-, breaks up the siege to combat the Dau- 

pfainois, v,^86 

-, obtains a great victory over the I^u- 

jAinois at Mons, v. 29S 

— , departs from Hesdin, v. S02 

, enters into a treaty with his prisoxieca 

for the surrender of St Riqaier^ v. SOT 

-, he and the cxxmt de St Pol depart 

from Arras, and wait on the kings of France 
and England, v. 315 

'y returns to the duchy of Burgundy, 


v. 317 

', <ka/th of his dndbeta, v. 819 

>, he, and the dukes of Bedford and o£ 
Brittany form a triple alfiaoce, vi. 29 

-, he and the duke of Bedford endea- 

vour to 4Xiake up the quairdi between the 
dukes of Gloucetter and of finbant» vi. 109 
-, marriei^ the widow ot his uncle, the 

count de Nevers, vi. Ill 

-) makes preparatians to aid bis - rmisin. 

the duke of Brabant^ vi. 1 19 

-, his Miswer to the duke of Crloucester'a 


letter, vi. 1S2 

'J returns to Flanders, and answers ^e 

dtik^ -of Gloucester's Moond letter, vi 1S2 

fUMts the duiot ofBedford in tiie tovm 

of Dourlens^ vi. 15^ 


Burgundy, Biitip, duke of, makes preparatioifs 
to combat the duke of Gloucester, vi. 162 

, the combat is prevented, vi, 168 

r , defeats the lord Fitzwalter in Holland, 

vi. 172 

-, returns to Holland and besieges the 

town of Zenenberche, which surrenders to 
him, vi. 178 

, attacks the town of Hermontfort, vi. 


, treaty between him and the duchess 

Jacqueline, vi. 226 

', resolves to finish the war in . Holland, 

vi. 226 

-, escorts the duchess Jacqueline into 

Hainault, vi. 228 

-, attends a grand tournament at Brus« 

isels, vi. 244 

», is made heir to the count de Namur, 

vi. 246 

, comes to Paris, vi. 276 

, sends ambassadors to Amiens, vL 307 

, conducts his sister back to Paris in 

^eatpomp to her lord the duke of Bedford, 

, marries, for the third time, the lady 

Isabella of Portugal, vi. 325 

^; institutes the order of the Golden 

Fleece, yi. 329 

-/quarters his army at Goumay sur 

Aronde^ vi. 336 

, besieges the castle of Choisy, vi; 339 _. 

, encamps his army before Compiegne, 

vi. S40 • 

•, sends the lord de Croy to the county 

of Namur, against the liegeoiy, vL 355 


Burgundy, Phitip, duke of, takes possession of 
tbe duchy of the duke of Brabant, vi. 362 

J refuses to give batde to the French, 
vi. 393 

-, his new-bom child is christened, and 

dies, vi. 399 

-, visits Burgundy with a thousand arm- 

ed men, vu. 63 

-, he and his duchess go into Holland, 

vii. 97 

>, assumes the title of count of Kainauk, 

Holland, and Zealand^ and lord of Frizeland, 
vii. 98 

', his duchess is brought to bed of a son 

at Ghent, vii. 106 

-^ , renews the coin at Ghent, ib. 

, loses several of his castles, vii. llO 

-, a treaty of peace is concluded between 


him and the Ldegecns, viL 112 

, goes to St Omer, to meet the duke of 

Bedford, vii. 116 

, differs with the duke, vii. 1 17 

-, determines to augment his army in 

defenpe of his county of Burgundy, vii. 123 
-, re-conquers many of his places, vii. 


-, keeps his appointment before Passy, 

vii* 132 

-, besieges the town and castle of Ava- 

Ion, ib. 

-, his duchess is delivered of a son^ who 

is knighted at the font, vii. 147 

> hokis the feast of the Golden Fleece 

at Dijon, vii- 148 

-, attends the marriage of the daughter 

of the king of Cyprus, i^« 



Burgundy, PhUip, duke of, rettitns from Bur- 
gundy to Flanders, vii. 154 

— ^ — ^, agrees ort ternrt for a< peace with the 

duke of Bourbon, vii. 181 

-. returns, with his duchess, frdm Bur- 


gundy, vii. 193 

-, is displeased With the inhabitants of 

■ I n > 


Antwerp, vii. 203 

-, attends the Convention of Arras, vii. 

»!■■ Il> 


, his duchess arrives at the convention 

V of Arras, vii, 220 

^ ^ peace is concluded between him and 

Gharles VIL at Arras, vii. 242 

;, appoints different officer^ to the towns 

and fortresses that had been conceded to him 
by the peace, vii. 2«6 

-, in consequence of the pbace of Arras 

serids some of his council and heralds to the 
king of England to remonstrate and eXptaSO 
the causes of the peace, vii. ^88 

— , determines to make war on the Eng- 

Hsh, vii. 913 

■, resolved to make an attack on Cabis, 


vii. 318 

-, his standard is raised at all the gates of 

Paris, vii. 32& 

., marches with a great force to the 

siege of Calais, vii. S 5 5^ 

, receives a cha}lenge of the duke of 

GldiK^'itef, Vii. 367^ - 

',,hpJ(fe hrany co^mdb respecting the 

feest me^'ns of (ypposmg the El^gBn, viii B ' 
enters Bruges to tjUfeli the rebeliion 

' ihjeri, vili. 15 

— — , makes Ws eiscapd 



I . 

BtM*tin<ff , ThSiip, dnRe («l?, rfesoIvAs to pttnish Ae 

tebeb at Btug^s, vHi. 22 . 
-i— — i-^, rc'isolves to avoid a general action ^th 
• the English, vHi. 54 

, peace is concluded between^ him and 

the <own of Bruges, viii. 84 

— , sends an embassy to the pope, viii. ] 00 

•, «ends the lord de Crevecoear to the' 

I iiii^iyii^ All I A 

French court to negociatc a marriage between 
his only son and the king's second daughter,' 
vm. 101 

"' " ' — y procures the ransom of the duke of 
Orleans, a prisonet* in Englaiid; viii. 226 
, hdds ther feast^ or th^ Golden Fleece, 

' «^ ^ « # 

viii. 310 

•, destroys the fortress ' of Mcrtitaf gn^ 

» <. ' 

viii. 27ft ' 'V 

-, some knights and g^ritfetnen of his 

house hold a tournstn^eirt iteir to Dijon, viii.' 

351 • .. ..:t . 

', s6tids an jtfmy intfaf ih^ duchy of Lux- 

■j^i itf ■ >i »fi 

embourg, viii. 359 
— -« — - — -J tteduces' the duchy to his obedience. 

*•• — - , . 

Viii. 3&S 

<^ — -— *, attempts to lay a 'talc on salt in Flan- 
ders, ix. 157^ * ^ "' 

, rafses- an ir'my to qudl the insurrec- 

tion in Fhttidefs, ix. 1^3 ^ ^ ; 

-, sends afl army agaSrii^ tli^ Ghfent hien 

^t OudetfSfcMe; iX. 202 

-, establishes garrisons rduftd Gheri!t, ix. 

*^ '^ ' >^^' ^' i itiVadfes^ th€MtLtity of - Waes, ix.* 211 
7—, defeats the Ghent men at thfe battle 

" 6f »ttiJ6lthdnae, !i. i^. ^ ' ''^ 

— , burw thfr^ll^e itf Afctc, iii/22Z 




Burgundy^ Philip, duke of, refuses to makcf 
peace in Flanders at the king's request, ix. 223 

— ■ ^, articles of peace proposed to him 

from France on behsJf of the Ghent men, bu 

-, raises a large army to combat the 

Ghent men^ ix. 238 

-, sends an army against some Germans 

in Luxembourg, ix. 259 

-, enters Flanders with a large force to 

make war on Ghent, ib. 

, takes the casde of Poulcreas, ix. 262 

-, sends to know if the Ghent men 

would submit to his will, ix. 279. 

-, treaty of peace between him and the 

Ghent men, ix. 280 

-, vows to undertake an expedition to 

Turkey, ix. 289 

■ — ', makes a great feast, ix* 293 

, goes into Germany, ix. 295 

', raises men and money to make war 

against the Turks, ix. 353 

-, tries to procure the bishopric of 
Utrecht for his bastard son David, ix. 355 

-, sends a body of troops, and the 

chapter accept him, ix. 372 

-, l;)esiege3 Deventer, ix. 373 

-, a£Fords refuge to the dauphin, and 

sends an embassy to uie king,ix. 386 

— , quarrels with his son, but is recon- 

died by the dauphin, ix. 389 

, carries the dauphin to Brages, ix. 402 

•, his coolness with the count de St Pol, 


, his answer to the king resecting the 

youth of Rodemac, tx. 418 




Burgundy^ Philips duke of, makes his entry into 
the town of Ghent, ix. 420 

, rejects a proposal from England, of 

alliance by marriage, ix« 426 
' — , his reply to the king's summons to 

attend the trial of the duke of Alen9on9 ix. 

, forbidden by the king to attend, sends 
proxies, x. 2 

-, sends an embassy to the pope, and 

fortifies his towns against the English, x. 11 

-, reconciled to the count of St Pol, re- 

ceives an embassy from Greece, x. 12 

•, holds the feast of the Golden Fleecy 

at St Omer, x. 63 

-, attends the coronation of Louis XI. 


', does homage for his duchy, and swears 

allegiance, x. 75 

-, his magnificent welcor/^e of the king 

to Paris, x. 77 — 84 

', takes leave of the king, and departs 

to Cambray, x. 87 

-, taken dangerously ill, but recovers,* 


-, causes a number of rogues and v2^« 

bonds in his country of Artds to be executed, 
X. 114 

, his sister the duchess of Bourbon 

comes to reside with him, x. 1 18 

-, sends an embassy to the pope respect- 

ing his vow against the grand Turk, x. 124 
-, meets the king of France at Hddin, 

X. lis 

-, prepares to join the pope agsunsr the 

Turks,- X* 138 


' I 

him and his son the count de Chared, ^^ j4i 
' " ' ..' '! ' ■ ■ > pew;p re»tpre4 ^>ej;ween ttem, x. ISS^ 
—, goes t» Lille to wait ^n th« JWbg, x. 


> what passed betwMQ him md the 
king at Hedin, X 167 

r^ -, mmers the r€monstrst«:^ pf Ae k4a^« 

chancellor ajt Lille, x. 177 ^ 

>s^s zn eipbassy to the kinfr ^ 
Frapce^ x. 1«5 /^ 

-^ t3ke^ da;ig€^QUsly iU, x. 19S 

■■ ! ''»» 

— — ^^—, r^cpyerj^ >n4 vents his anger against 
m son tor ^isinissiug the lord de Qutevrai» 
X. 194 * 

— , ieittprs i&rom the duke of JEteny, x. 21^ 


—a par-dtOns.hi* son, ;;^. 224 

— , orders men to be raised to aid the 

dulse of Berry ^sfdmi his brothe;- Lews XI* 

X. 225 

— ^■ . • . .., ^exi4s a sum of ojoney to hissoa-aft^ 

the battle of Montlehery, x. 273 
?■"■' " ' ■ ^ — ^» prepares an army against Liege, «. SS© 

— , takes and demolishes Dinant, x. 528 

S35 *. -/-60, 

T-r-^ r,4ies, iGrapd,ob5eq»iesd&».himin the 

church of St Donnast in Bruges, x. 348 

M\imt»^y, ihe d«ike Ghariesof, ^uspected-by-the 
king of being friewUy to the Eo^, xi. 95 

-r-~r-,<»-de^,* fleet to cruise aod «te*«ep<; 
the ©art «f Wwwiek o» his wturn to England. 

, Ki. aoi ''^ ' 

J takes the field with his army ;duriiie a 

■~rr~; — ^' J^^^s and sets on fire the itcwa of 
Nesle, XI, 127 


Burgundy, the duke Charles of, lays siege to 
Beauvois, xi. 129 

, makes a disgraceful retreat from be- 
fore it, xi. 188 

-, shameful cotiduct of his army in Nor- 

I ■■ » ■■■' *■ 

mandy,.xi. 141 

-, sends to Venice to negociate a loan» 

xi. 155 

, reported to have formed a conspiracy 

. for poisoning the king, xi. ] 62 

— — . , concludes a truce with the king, xi. 169 

•, lays siege to Nuys, and takes several 

towns, notwithstanding the truce, xi. 173 

, his losses before Nuys, and conquests 

gained over him in Picardy and Burgundy, xi. 

, his disgraceful decampment and flight 

frombefc^re Nuysyxii 193 

— , concludes a truce wijh the king, xi. 


-, defivers the constable, Louis de Lux- 

embourg> to the king's officers, xi* 205. 
■ . ■■ — , is defeated by the Swiss at.Granspn^ 
xi. 224 

f", borrows mooey to raise forces to reta- 

liate on tibue Swiss, xi. 231 

•, defeated in Sw^erland by the duke 

o£ Lorrame, xi. 235 

-, his death, and total destruction of Hs 

army by t!he duke of Lorratne, xi. 249, 9S5 
Burgundy, the duchess of, daughter taf idtie king 
or Bortuga], ^alts upon/the king of Fr^aceat 
Laon, viii. 269 ' 

* ■ " ■ ^ the dudiess returns to Que^noy, viii. 

Burnel, the kird, iv. 145 

Bust, Ow&i du, exetuiedior instigating 4be4attr- 

der of Petit John, xi. 271 , > 



Caen, siege of, by Charles VII. ix, 123 

.^a : — , description of the castle of, ix. 12S 

, surrenders by capitulation, ib^ 

Cain, and John duke of Burgundy compared, i. 

Calabria^ the duke of, goes to treat of a marriage 

with the duke of Burgundy's daughter, xu 


— , dies of the plague, xi* 153 

Calais, siege of» by the Burgundians, vii. 350 
— , a fruitless attempt is made to choak 

up the harbour, vii. 368 

, a meeting is held at this town to con- 

sult about peace, viii. 218 
Calixtus III. pope, hb regulations reacting a 

croisade, ix. 360 

— -^ , dies, ix. 425 

Cambray, quarrel between the inhabitants of, and 

the canons of the chapter of St Gery, iv. 147 
— -, the les^e of, between the emperor 

Maximilian, the king of France and the king 

of Spain against the Venetians, xii. 112 
Cambridge, the earl of, proceeds from Rouen to 

raise the siege of Meaux, viii. 158 
Cambyses, king, his rigorous love of justice, i. 

342 ^ 

Campo Basso, the count de, leaves the duke of 
'Burgundy, and claims relationship with the 
duke of Brittany, who receives him well, xi. 
228 ^_ 
— — — — , joins the duke of Lorraine, xi. 248 
Canons of the chapter of St Gery in Cambray 
quarrel with the /inhabitants, iv. 147 

a they are restored to their church, iv. 



Capi^tr^, ^ Johttt his succe^ agakat the tuft- » 

dels in Hungary, ix. '862 
, rallies the Ohrigtiana at ' tke siege of 

Belgrade, ix. 379 . . , . 
Cappleuche, the hangman, of Paris^ heads a mob 

ag2)i^^ the Arinagnacs^ v, 49 - % 

— , beheaded, v. 50 

Carl^i^; cattle , besieged by Charles d' Albreth»> 

constable of ]f ranee, i. 1 19 - 

Carn?ejB,JEe^n,.i.96 ,\ 
Carny,. the lord dCi ifiken prisotier at the battle 

.of A?5in«()mt, \y. ,ip4 ,^: 
Carquelevant, a Breton, his treason in the town 

,of Arraw, ».378, -^ . - 
Corner, James. See Xancoins. 
Caistellan^ Qt^Qb ^(ccused of diabolical arts against 

the king of France, ix, 370 
Camilla, --the, king of,^Qrins an aUianc^ with Louis 

XL xi. 303 
Catherijae, daiug^ter of the duke of Burgundy, 
. is sent CMuck by ,the ;^ing of Sicily, jii, 264 
•, dies, iii. 265 . 

Catheriije^ ^ 

ries Henry Vrof Englan4} v. 183 

yp orovned qu^en at London, v. 245 
, if b^c^ht to be4 of a son and heir. 

■ I i 

". * > ■ ■ *• 

V. 3i9.' 

•, returas tW.?r*i^e Ingrspd sts^te, v. S43 

Catherine^ the daughtejr of Charles VU. is sent to 
the duke of Burgundy at St Omer, conform- 
ably tc\ the treaty pf marriage between her 
^nd the C9iint; de Qliarolois^ viii* ^4 _ 

Caudie, duke ide, i. 97 

Cel^fiitins, the cQpvent of the,, at Lyons, nearly 
dpstroy^d by fire, xii. 75 

Chalais, siege of, ix, 1^1 

VOL. xu: .3 

Cftampignetix ctede^ siege of, by TomneIa!fe> 

vi. S6l 
Chancery of France, fii. 1 19 
Chantoceau, siege of, v. 254 
Oiappes, siege ot, vi* 343 
Chargny, the lord de, combats sit John de Mello, 

at Arras, vii, 223 
Charlemagne^ St. king of France^ Ae tesidv^i of, 

xi, 178 
Charles, the duke of Berry, only brother ta 

Loois XL withdrawn from the court of France 

and takes refuge with the duke of Brittany^ 

X. 20» 
, his letters to the duke cf Bnrgiindy^ 

X, 211,215 

Chardbis after the 

battle of^ Montlehery, x. 259 

, does homage to the king for the 

duchy of Normandy, x. 299 

'. — — — , his entry into Rouen, x. 303, xi. 6 

, dispossessed of his duchy by the 

king, leaves Normandy, xi. 14 

three estates respect 

ing his appanage, xi. 60 

-, declares hfs vnllngness to accept the 

appanage and be reconciled to the king, xL 71 
^created duke of Guienne, — is com- 

pletely reconciled to his brother, xi. 883^ 91 

., accompanies the king to Paris and 


Orleans, xi. 116 

-, discontented with the court, forms 

an alliance with the count d'Armagnac, xL 
118 , 

, (fies, xi. 1 26. See Berry, duke of. 

Charles, dauphin of Vienne, continues the war 

against the Burgundians, v. 32 
^■■ ^ , the dauphiness \% seat to hitt» t. 52 

CSiaiies, damphin of Virane, cbndnues a vigorou* 
war agsdmt the Burgmufians, v. 8S 

■'■ > trvaty of peace between him and the 

duke» V. 94 

- the treaty between him and the duke 


is pfodaimed through France, v. 807 

e duke of Burgundy 

Montereau, ▼• llS 



induct after die murder 

duke, V. 1 26 

■ "- ■ — , writes letters in defence of the mur« 
der of the duke of Burgundy, v. 133 

■ "M . ' , departs from Montereau, v. 140 

■ ' » makes preparations against any attack 
after the alliance between Ei^Jbmd and France^ 
V. 173 
V ■ " ^ subdues the sreater part of the towns 

and castles in Lan^edoc, v* 206 

»^-— -^ sentence is denounced a^nst hira^ 

V, 236, 237 

■■ ■ ■> is summoned bv the narliament ta 


appear at the table of mart)le 
beaeges ChartreS; 

> retreats to Tours, y. 275 

leiVes imdBigence of the death 

his ftther, vi. 8 
^ i ■■"■ ■■■ , is crowned Idng^by the nobks 
party at Poitiers, yh 382. 

his lady is tooudit to bed of ; 


called Louis, dauphin of Vieiui^ vi. 65. See 
. ChaflesVn. 
Charies VI. suniamed the wdl-hdov«d, i. 1 

— ^■~-~^, pridcst coniwwwOToent of hiit«^ 
i. 8 

• 9 


entries Vi as.^ttd '\vnh ai'lto£ iitaaiiit^^ 

inarch a^^Stkist firitifcnjrs i* 9 ' ./ i '^ 

. rn; ffpQ f yevil xoRM^iseRces of Insrtdiserder, 

10 ■ / , / ', 

y irijS "if^ } .hisfatltily, i..U(,{H »• •.'; ,- - - - 

# ^ii&ake$'i«ga1h1iiQ^ rdhtSve tb t)lic stic- 

^ ce;bisif) i. '£ i'O •-'<-> •--' j " • i. - • -^ '.-,.- 

, sends an embassy ftb the .pope ^i.' 802 

^ ' ■'■ 'j * ' ' i V is ' strcnagl^ iirgcd to • do j&stic^ia the 

case of the duke of OiA&3kiS4 i. 641 . M 
»4j '^'1 ' ■ '• ■■^'hofe i- coRfin'elu2i& to coBside^ ^n tb» 

manner of proceeding against the duke.ef (Bur-* 
1 gundy, n. 5* ' f/ . — — 

<n I y pardons thc^ dKike:6f Bur^pdyi ii^ 78 
gh t- w . 11- .. ^ has a cetcmk ^of-fais dbbnAer^-ik 73 
<* -*n 1 i i y r^rovegs^iand inthessesi'twa cocfhats, 

ii. 83 I .'. ' 

j ir . wr . i utij, tedmions : a rpui^il / <Df : iDany^wds^ l» 

138 C'- 1- ./ / , ^ ? I .!: . '!,./; ... . 

^ if i lil 3 - fiy .Qinites id£ tfaeilordsu jwho attteiidedr Ik 

142 :':..' •. ., 

iii j JH i j i fHi i y iiicjids itimy toancSa on ibe-«late -ef 

the naiiofc, ii..l'44 /i : • ' i:T *> i . n • 
-, reskiltees'ta'xwiim^war.agaad 

England, iii t '*6 v - •• > i' wi , 
t. r *.,'. ... laptops;, '*' 

, has a relapse of his t^ifibrdwiltifc. * 

a f . i t . ; . >.< i; ptti»^6} ottt:^i^>l^sri9 :ta' iregftin the 

castle of Creil, ii. X7S - ' <-»*'' >'l t/; \ : • ; 
yu .a iii ' O jytreB toWlm»*ir sill . petso*K,te wpm^ ii. 


— > resolves to give battle tto the IQrlelLns 

«Otttt^:Oft A»!sfeMe,^-lhe^ge* 

vernment, ii. 194 

> ii' %ain seized with his usual malady^ 

U. 204 


Charles V^reoovcw,iif, 22 1 

^TTf^-w*^^^ fqrbids hpstv^ti^ h^yfe^ the duke£ 

of Orleans and of 'B.u;;gundy, IL 2^2 
m i AMv.,y^ f p , £gpc^'«n emb^s^ tpth/s 4ul^ o£Burt 

gyxicjy, U. 233 , ^ ,i 

it«Ti — ^r-7-9 relajpsjes 9g^iu iollQ 1^^. forn^r disarder» 

-rT^j5§ r9«n<)v«4 by tb? Pariskm*. |o ^ 

J^ouyij^j H,. 280. -^ 

tfi^^,J#i {ig2u^st tike Qrieam £aaio;^iu2&6_ 

proiQ^atJi^ Ao thi^ )N»iUiF of 

Amiens, ii. 3 1 5 


Armagnacsi ii- .337 . i!/ 
Armagnacs, iii, 1 i.r /I 


7 ^ 

I ■ ■ " ' ' t 

$eac}£| ^tpbad^adMs 

^ ■ « 

of a mai^?^?;be(tWejentlw4l3ikerfB^^ 

— Trr> bPld^ ft. CQUOcH^ba tbe intexx:<iptf4 tet- 

3 marches with a large £QCce.fto;ft £a|ri.i • 

ft^:Bf>u|jB58P, ill ;S? . " D . 

^ resolves iiQt to r^um to Farifi iUl be 

, :^jf9 r«4Qcj^d ti^ AT«i^gaa€a«oQb^di«i)ce» iii. 41 

• , receive^ inlerpattoo \of hii caielnip* 

. ^lUaocp .with Eagkud, vkc^ . 

' "j lays siege to Fontenoy and to Bour^^s, 

»i."4?2 ■ ^ . .. ■ ,',. . '. . 

•mi-T — n">. aficaoipi, Aod bys jdegp to Boivgea .on 

the opposite side, iii. 65 (, . 

■ ^ii»» » M 1 i,aryQ»^ ^QgQciai»rf ^n )»• part ^wAr- 

the Armagnacs, iii» 70 , .. r . ' / '^ ^ ' 

imps IconatiP^ t^ tott^ao£ Boiir- 


ges, iii. 76 


Charles VL vrives at Auxerre, ifi. 77 

, recovers his healthy and ratifies the 
treaty of Auxerre, iii. 84 

* * edict respecting the peace between 

the Burgundians and the Armagnacs, iii. .85 

, r^pms to Paris after the peace, iii. 92 



^ by the factions to obtain his favour, ui« 97 
— , holds a gnmd assembly cii the abuses 

of government, iii. 98 

■ , his ministers are greatly alarmed at 
the arrest of sir Peter des Essars and other 
delinquents, iii. 144 

■ , pubfishes an edict forbidding any ar* 
maments in the kingdom, iii. ! 49 

pubKshesan edict of indemnity to 


paUishes sundry edicts,-*one against 


, pubBshes a prodamation respecting die 

charges against 

■ , publishes another royal edict re^)ecdng 


peace, m. sso 

*, another eiSct to forbid any persons 

from bes ^ 

'■ < ■■ , feai^that the peace would bebrdten, 

publishes other edicts, iii. 248, 254 

— , issues an edict rdative to the coin, iii. 


^ his edict. 

quires to obey the MmmoQS of any lord, iiL 

ions to oppose the duke 

of Burgundy, iii. 294 

forces against tke 

duke of Bttrgondy, iii, SS4 


Charles VI. issues an edict, depriving the duke 
of Burgundy of all his favours, itl 333 

y issues various edicts against the duke» 
chalrging him with attempting to seduce his 
subjects, iv. 2 , 

, sends letters patent to the nobles of 

Artois» forbidding them to aid the duke, iv. L3 
V a grand council is held at Paris in his 

name, iv. 17 

-, marches out of Paris with a large 

anny against the duke, iv. 21 

, marches from Soissons to St Quintin, 

iv. 35 

•, peace proclaimed between him and 
the duke, iv. 60 

, returns to Paris, iv. .83 

, has solenm obsequies performed for 

hini, iv. 93 

V sends forces to attack the Burgun* 

dians, iv. 95 

J peace again concluded, ivi 98 

, holds a erand festival, iv. 99 

, his royal letters relative to the peace, 

iv. 100 

-, collects a great army to oppose the 

English, iv. 152 

-, issues a summons for the army against 

the English, iv. 1^3 

-, holds a council at Rouen, and resolves 

fighting the English, iv. 164 

•, is mucn grieved on- hearing the me- 

lancholy event of the battle of AzinCourt, iv. 

-, fills up the vacant places in the go- 

vernment occasioned by the misfortune a( 
Azincourt, iv* 208 


Charles VI* a riegociation ii opened *f(3r a* tru^e 
. between him and the king of Errghnd, iv. 227 

—— — — — , pubKshes an edict, cotnjdainmg of the 
' depredations df the Burgundians, iv,*2S5 

, open war is declared between Mm and 

the Burgundians, W, 244 • 

5 his garrison in Peronne carries on a 


devere war against' the countries attached to 
the duke of Burgundy, iv. 290 

— — , attacks Senlis, iV. 383 

, sends ambassadors to treat of a peace 

with the queen and the duke of Burgundy, 
iv. 384 . 

, raises the siege of Senlisj and r eturn s 

i t 

to Paris, iv. 397 

-, peace is agiin attetnpted to be made 

between him and the Burgundians, v 4 

, is compelled to ride through the streetg 

of Paris with the Burgundians, v. 10 
— ■— — , is conveyed to the LouVre, v. 14> 

, he and the duke of Burgundy send 



captains- for the defence of Rouen, v. 37 

— , is governed in all things by the duke 

of Burgundy,, v. 53 

, sends an ^mbassry to the English at 

Pont de TArche, v. 56 

-, engages to espouse his youngestdaugh- 

ter Catherine to the king of Englancl, v, 170 

•, is wholly under the management of 


Henry V. v. 212 

-, issues edicts, declaring Henry V. heir. 

and regent of the realm, v. 8 1 4 

-, is v^ry much degraded and humbled^ 

V, 345 

, goes with Henry V. from Paris to Sen* 

lis, V. 346 

— , dies at his hdtel of St Pol, vi. 1 

>m u w 


Chartes VL5« biiriedat St Denis, Vi, 5. 

— — , news of his death is cartiid to the dau- 

' phrn, yi. 8 

Gharks'VII. is crowned king by the- nd}Ies of his 
party at Poitiers, vi. 11 . 

■ , many French lords turn to his party, 
vL 8S 

-, a maiden, named Joan, waita on him 

at Chinon, whom he retains in his service, 
vi. 254 

V sends aoib^adors to Paris to negod* 

ate a peace with the regent, vi* 257 

-, sends a large renifcaroenient to Or* 

leans, vi, 265 

-I, tak^s the field with a nuioerons body 

of chivalry and men at arms, vi. 280 

■ ■ ■ . '■■■ " , many towns and castles submit to him 

on his march, ib. 

—, arrives at Rbdms, vi. 28S 

: — ^ — ^ is crowned by the archbishop, vi. 285 
^««**-, his annies meet those o£ the duke 

of Bedford at Mont Epiloy, vi. 292 

-, s^ids ambassador:!! to the duke of Bur« 

gundy at Arras, vi 296 

•— . ^ attacks Paris, vi, 303 

— , returns to Touraine and Berry, vL 


*, some of his captains make an attempt 

on Corbie, vii. 12 

-, his paity coniK|uer the city of Chartres^ 

■ ■ i m t « m 

vii. 70 

—J peace is concluded betweeu him ai^d 

thd Burgundians, viL 242 

-, his queen is brought to bed. of a.son^ 

wik> is named Philip, after the duke dF Bui^ 

gundy, vii. 333 • 





Diaries VII. the city of Fayris is reduced to obe- 

-ifitSiice to.hiin, vii. 328 

, ordws his captains to reconquer some 

towns and castles from the English, viii. 25 • 
■ ■ , marches in person s^nst Montereau, 

vin. 26 

y makes his first entry into Paris, after 

its reduction, vili. 39 

-, account of the preparations for his 

entry into Paris, viii. 40 

— — , his dress and equipage, viii. 43 

compels Roden'i^ de Villandras to 

make war on England, viu. 1 1 4 

-, the dauphin and many great kxrds 

quit his court in disgust, viiL 188 

-, refuses, or delays, to see the duke of 

of Orleans on his release from England, viiL 

— , goes to Trbyes in Champagne, viii. 



, several towns and forts submit to his 

€)bedience, ib. 

, lays siege to Creil, viii. £78 
-, marches to the siege of Pontoise, viii. 


•, reconquers Pontoise, viii. 803 

, remonstrances are sent to him by the 
nobles assembled at Nevers, viii. 305 

, his answer, viii. 306 

, marches an army to.Tartas, viii. 333 

, having gainecl Tartas, conquers St 

Severe, and others in Gascony, viii. 337 

, assembles an army to march intor Nor- 

mandy,, viii. 348 

, a truce is concluded between him and 

the king of England, viii. 379 


diaileiVfi. Ae truce between 
(rf En^aiid is renewM fbr 

^ ^^ _, . ^__ ^ •• 

• •• 

sends sn embassy to Endand, vm. 403 
-^ dkty fernid on bis bra after bis re- 
Ifom mass, m&. 405 
--», sends ambassadors to pope MAohs V. 


sends to England to oen^^atn 


bteacb of tbe ttnee by nr ftands deSnrienne^ 
in Normandy, viS. 420 
— , behig «tbiled that the English ted 
tn tbe truce, makes war against tbem^ 


▼lU. 445 

, summons Mantes to sarrender, ix. 1 7 
' , makes bis entrv into Vemeuil, ix. 20 
, enters ETreox, tx. 87 
, marcbes against Rouen, ix. 53 
, enters Rouen, ix. 75, 84 
' , leaves Roiien, ix. 92 
■ ~-->^ ftUs in kive wkb Agnes Sorel, ix. 97 

ices in Nbnmmdy are taken 

by bim, ix. 116 

■ ^ berieges Omi, ix. 123 
» makes Us entrv into tbat dty, ii 

Incbyof Normandy 

duced to obedfenee to bim, i 

: of the estabKshment 

army, ix. 143 

, resrfves to invade Gttienne^ ix.14 

sqipoints tbe count de Dunob 


^ the wbde ducby of Guieime. mtb 

the exc^don of Bayonne, submits 
, Bayonae.snrr<ndcgSy ix> l( 

•, sends ambassadors to the difj^^ of 
-, goes to hi8,c«»tjj»i«f l^gnWHHiKf^dT 

• ( 


308 * ' o : : / 

, ^! Hi >- j t '.» lki»g:f^ VfeiiW hmmIs .A» ^^nrfMMfF^ to 
the king of Spain, m\ tHO) r , *- _ r : 

- y seizes the territories of amntdHAv^ 

» ' « i • 

sion of Dauphpiy^^ «^ 3^ j . : . , . . , 

-) r^Qivtt m mimisf fcam the Jdx^ ^ 


Hungary at: Jpursp ix..$W: < 

*, recov^:$ iDom it *4w9iro\» illaass. 

/summons the dukeiqf Bli]:9i9kly fto 

attend the trial of. the, d^ke ^Mm^W, ix. A38 
.,„ ,*^ |)i^ P€»tei)ce on. dMi^i^Ge d'AImi^n, 

^ A< 

— 9 summons the twelve pef ])kMiiJ[m 

tfohedTft^MritfiUce fwisafeA^-eteaoifar^ thii c o urt 

( iof : :jiialiQ^ iH>m Mootargis to ¥ao46pi«, x. ? - 
—^$ being wSocm^d th^i it wasi»tiiided 
jbo p^wmii.Uxn, fatt$ sidk and dies», x> £0 
•--tT'^— r, ti^cwiMes iad difficultiti lat ikf lOOin* 
mencement of his reign — ^his gloriousTTind 
great iMCft of* 2ixm, X* AI^Mi , \*- - ^ — 

/ . 

, his courtesy llk^tfic Ew&b'ttilltefefcts 

Charfes, son of Louis SL born, :'»;afn'K> !>rr 
: I* ' < ' ; w ^ ^ ( rorp if d ) to the ooikhl8i» 'Margaret ^ 
Flanders, xi. 344 T » i/ , {ff" ^^ 

GbarlBL VXH. cnivriiQckii;!; iRheims^ J!ik^S,59^ 

— — , his entry into Paris, xi. 361, SOS- 

". " Ji ws luh;a»oiqwiui y^^hvinBMllUR^, xt. 9^ 

— , marries the ducheiii tAnlie ofi Bdt- 

tany,.iik $ffl;''rji:t i'\ - ' '' ^ .'u • . -- 

i4*f^4'f;ttie«tesl^i8lt6rc6 Riiiitf Q n t o k i ng 
Ferdinand iDEAjncgaoH* id. ^tir^t-) cv!* ;..».: 

«frf«^-^» c€aKlii|di8 m pMce wiiii> ijiwiry V4L - t»f 
— ^ , makes peace with the archd(ik»'<of 

*' ^i twm ^ cdnouikn nf > his quMo; gi< ^ » — ■ - r 
-9 visits hist )>r4Miina^of PMaitdf^ i(L 1^9 


tf^f^-r-^, u>ifciHiliii ani tApa^Mad > Uy ■ re corer 

the kingdom of Naples^ xK>S8;i:£ .'j-itu/ii < 2 
^ff'''''i4mhbimpfi^^ to gvf enr dtmn^ 

his absence, xi. 386 '-' «'^ • •' ' .v<i<>c' n/. 
I ■w ilt »A JlT ii Mi )lMf e ofrMieHqMeii ^ < <jfen ob ie; 

xi. 392 ^>^ • > * 

rf^nrf»-^ca«Mrf<t])^^ i» <NUi 

ples>i^. H<^^J .« ^ht:i'». .:*// l> 

»■> » ' 't vo 'l fi rdliQiilayliiiyiiltcqit^ c Tur h i, xt; 

394 .Ai /^'>. i f i t • ': t ,t or I ) 

. M r t> (i; -gibsgiArArti,.ilrHeiitlilf|ii> vlrfnfclf'fe]^ 
Ludovico Sforza and his lady, xi.'>^ S^p^AOV 

s -i ' bi.t »;i ; i|iikMi.Aiii eottylkmo dM «Mtf ^ of 
Casal, xi.402 -i- yi //*«''*' ^ « ..*i 

[ , his progress from PiacahMt 4d Lo^ba, 

xi. 407 

CEhttles Vn^ 1& ncqNioii at Lmci, xL 410 

■ - > visits Pisa, and enters Floreiice witb 
; biswliolcfarniy, u.4tl 

» — ; — — , makes his entry into Sienna YlteAo, 
and other towns, xL 4l2 

■ ■ ■ n il . enters Rone as m (Xmmeroir with his 

army, xi. 417 

^, citie» the kbgV evil by the toudi, zL 



passed on his march from R( 
Naples, si. 422 ^ ' 

**~-, enters Naples in trimnph, loL t 
, attacks and takegi the Castd Nn 
and the Castd del Ovo, zn. S, 7 

' ■ » makes another entry mfe» Nsopk 

k ifig of that countrv and monarch of an It 

»!• IS 

, befiim his letum taFranee^ xit; 11 
■ ■ '■ ^ ofeie a i s tne comeacimea pnnees 
Italy ^ Sbsonuovo^ xiL 94 

dbcamps oom FoMOMiio to ret 

to France, x&SO 

^goes to at Bswii dhs rnddenly 



■ I ■ ' 'k fimefai s e il f io as Mrfbmed fbt \iuu 


CIiaiietlII.kiqg6f lfafawt» ntiniw llw 49cli]r 

of Nenoun, i. 106 
' . » nulendeiB tfit ca#lf of CSi^cbovrg to 

the Idngof Wnnce, ib. 
C lw tift io Ut cipuin, lUMed at te ktttk of Vcr- 

Chtrnlnw, tlw oMBt de, b aeat by his fether 

against Gunbtaf, iv. 149 
■I ■ ■ , fa not pscmitted to om^bat tht Eog' 

lish» ir. 16€ 


CharoloK, bunes the dead teft cm the pUns of 

Azincourt, iv. 196 
— — — , tabes the oath of allegiance to the 

queen and his £aither, iv. S88 

*, succeeds to the title and possessions of 


his father, John duke of Burgundy, v. 143, 

See, Philip duke of Burgundy. 
CharoloiS) the duke Philip of Buin^ndy's only 

son, is promised the princess Catherine in mar* 

riage, viii. 101 
— — — — , his marriage with lady Isabella de 

Bourbon, ix. 351 

', hi9 quarrel and reconciliation with his 

father the duke of Burgundy, ix. 388 

-, thecountess brought to bed of a daugh^ 

ter, ix. 390 

--^, attends the coronation of Louis XL at 

Rheims, x. 73 

, waits on king Lows XL at Tours, 

and is magnificently entertsdned, x. 90 

-^ made lieutenant general of Nom^n^ 

dy, X, 93 

, attends his father, the duike ef Bur* 

gundy, during his illness, x. 97 

-) imprisons three men and ai> apothe-^ 

cary at Brussels, x* 1 2 1 

-, refuses his father's summons to pay 

his respects to the king, x. 133 

^ makes heavy cooyplaints against the 

. lord de Croy to the deputies of the three es* 

tates assembled by his father, x. 1 4 1 
^ V—., answer of the deputies— peace re- 
stored between him and^his ^ther, x. 151, i5d^ 
^, comes to Lille to wait on his €a^fatr» 

. 1&3 

, the bastard de ReubemprS attempts to 

take him in Holland^ 2&, 169 



Charoiois, arrfws at liUe. ai^d waits oa bis fa« 
ther, X. 176 

', displeasure o£ the king oh his impri* 


soning the bastard de Reubempf 6, 2f. 176 

-, answers the ambassadors from Finance, 

Ki 183 - 

-, sends sir James St Pol, with a com- 

pany of knfghts and gentlemen^ to Ei^laad to 
the iharriageof king^ Edward, .x» 190 

', a copy- of his letters explaining why 

he 'had dismissed the lord de Croy a»d his 
friends from his father's servdce^ x. 1 97, 208 

-, seifl&es the castfe of Launoy and gives^ 

it to St Pol, x. 210 

> takes leave of the duke of Burgundy 


and marches his army toward France^ ;s. 23 1 
'y besieges Beaubeu and crosses the Oise, 

V ■ ■" ■ > ' , advances to St Denis, and draws up 

his anziy before Paris, K. 23? 
■ J ' I ' i ' ^ ,fdefeats the king at Montlehery, x. 252 

, his jconduct after the victory, x.^53 

»" *. ' *} " ' ■ ' ',. joined by the dukes ®f Berry and Brit- 

tany and other&of the confederation, x. 259 
-r^ " ''- y -r, death of the countess, x. 28 1 
r^ — , his treaty with :the king at Conflans, 

.x;. 290. 
, takes leave of the king and aiarches 

agakrst the Liegeob, x.^8 

, enters the ccnintry of Liege, giants a 

■■■* '■ ' Lj ■ ' ' *. 

truce, X* SD8 
-w — *—HH-^ -returns to Ms father at Brussds, x. 3l4 

■i . 'i" — , puts himself on his g»aixl a^;ainst the 

, tUng, axrho nukkes watlike pii^parations, x. ^L6 

^ humbles the liegeois, and grants the 

c i|)ea€«, x».S3d . ■ / 


Charbtots, orders his troops to meet him at S£ 

Quentin, xi. 58 
Charlotte of France, a natural daughter of Charles 

YII. murdered by her hi^sband for adultery 

with his huntsman, in. 23d, 234 
Ch..rretier, William, bishop of Paris, exhorts th# 

king to choose wise counsellors, x* 392 
Chartier, John, bishop of Paris, dies^ z. 124 
Chartres, siege of, by the dauphin, v. 272 
*^ , the city or, is conquered by Charles the 

VHth's party,vii. 70 
Ch&tearu GailUrd, siege of» v. 1 12 

.-♦ is woa by the king's men, vi, SOO 

Ch&teau-Thierry^ town of, yields to king Chaiies^ 

vi. 284 
Ch4teau-Vilain, submits to the duke of Bur« 
*. gundy, vii. 168 
Chastel, the lord de, attacks the English fleet 

near Brest harbour, i» 90 
I ■ y undertakes an unsuccessful eApe£tii» 

against England, and is slain, L 102 
Chatelet, certain Serjeants of the, punbhed for 

ill-treatiiig a priest of St Paul's churchy xi. SO 
Ch&titton, sir Jaunes die,- negodates a truce witl|> 

the English ambassadors, ii. 283 
^hitillon, the lord de, conquers Ch&teau-Thierry^; 

V. 258 
Ghiktilloa, the l^rench besiege, ix. 298 
Chaunoy sur-Oise castle is destroyed by the in* 
. halntants, viL 88 
Chavensy, siege of, vii* 83 1 
Cherbourg, the town and casde ol^ surreadared- 

to the English, iv. 380^ 

*^ siege of, by the count de Richemdn|r 

II ■ a ■ * 

ix. 139 




Chimay, the lord de, his bold reply to king Louir 

XL respecting the duke of Burgundy^ x. ll(f 
Choisy, the castle of, vi. 3S9 
Cbolet, Cassin, flowed for £dsely alarming the 

citizens of Pans, x. 399 
Christians, the, war between theni and the infi* 

dels in Lithuania, ii. 170 
Church, plan for the union of the, i. 175 
— , a meeting of the university and clergy 

is held on the state of the, ii. 206 

, a general council of, held under the 

emperor Maximilian and Louis XIL to the 

great discontent of the pope, :^iu 121 
Cisteaux, order of, v. 29 
Clarence, the duke of, makes a descent on the 

French at la Hogue de 4Bt Vos, iii, 78 
Clarence, the duke of, embarks a large army for 

Harfleur, iv. 246 

.. ', besieges Gisors and takes it, v. 108 

, is kiUed at the battle of Baguey ia 

Anjou, V. 263 • 

— , banished by king Edward, comes to 


France with the earl of Warwick, xi* 97 
■■ ■ , confined in the tower and drowned in 

a butt of malmsey, xi. 28 1 
Clark, Thomas, a Scotsman, hanged for robbing 

a fisherman of Paris, xi. 181 
Classendach, captain, is killed at the siege of Or- 

leans, vL 262 
Clement, duke of Bavaria, elected emperor of 

JGermany, i. 45 
-r-r — — — , is conducted, with a numerous reti- 
nue, to Frankfort, L 46 
Oerc, John du, abbot of St Vaast, in Arras^dies, 

Clermont, the count^e, I 117 


ermQnty the count de, is sent to carry on a war 
against the English in Gascony» i. us 

, succeeds the duke of Bourbon, ii. 1 79 

Clermont, the count de, defeats sir Thomas Ki- 
nel m Caen, IX. 112 

T ^y is made governor x)f Bordeaux, ix. 179 

Clermont castle is besieged by the marshal de 
Boussac, vi. S87 

-9 sir Thomas Kiriel is appdnted gover- 

.nor, vii. 66 

, it is delivered up to the lord d'Aufte- 

mont, vii. 67 
Clery, near Orleans, the church of Ndtre Dame, 

burnt to die ^ound, xi. 126 
Cleves» the count de, marries Marie, daughter of 

the duke of Burgundy, i. 165 

-, the princess of, is married to the eldest 

■I I "11 ' 

son of the king of Navarre, viiL 97 

•, duke of, attends the meeting of princes 

at Mantua, as proxy for his uncle the duke of 
Burgundy, x. 42 

-, goes to the duke at Brussels, x. 272 

-, the duchess of, pleads to the duke of 

Burgundy, for her father the coiint de Ne- 

vers, ib. 
Cliflford, lord de, ii. S24 
Cli8son> Margaret de, ii. 121 
Clovis, king, ii. 4 

Qugnet, ^r, de Brabant, the king's edict against 

him, iii. 167 
— •, and others, raise an army and despoil 

the country of the Gatinois, iii. 200 

-, assauks the town of Rethel, ii. 282 

— ~-, he ovfeiTuns the country of Burguu' 

Ciyj. 11. 28d 

U9I7 obtains possetnon d 

Vervins, iii. 45 


eofierar's office^ "i- 109 . " 

Coeur, Jacques, judgment given against biW, \%. 

341, 343 
G<Aen, the lord dfi, V. 37.S 
Coiffnac, taken by the French, yi&. 443- 

Coimbra, John of, king of Cyprus, dies» uc 416 
Coin, debaaEtneiito£,m. 121 ..» „r« 

_^ the king's edict respecting, m. 252 

Goltet, ar John, kitted iuhatde, U. 35 
Colombel, sir WiUiam, the divorce ob, from *is 

wife, XI. Id ' , , , . „» ^„« 

Colonna, the cardinal de, elected pope, iv. 87, 299 

Coloona, Prosper. «n* Jy ?^,>^*>***^ 
to ioin the emperor Maxmiiltan, au. 177 

• . , talpen prisoner and carried to France, 

C«Sfcat, tetm* of, ia m AwagQwan esqake^s 

chal e^»>^^^ jj^ seneuchal of Hwaauk and 

three others^ i. 96, 9» . ,, „ . ^ . 
„ between Boumecte of H^majiit, ana 

Solsie*^' Bwttlge, of Handers, i. 125^ 


Cartnieft, ii. * * , , cti- u j 

_— , ^tween the soieschal or Hawautt and 

sir John Cornwall, ii. 84. 

._ between three Portuguese and three 

French, iv. 1 14 


sir John de Kane, V. 43 ^ 

:., between Pbton de SaUitraiUes an* 

Lionnel de Wardonne, vi. 35 


Hsctor h» ?livy, at- Arms, ^- f ' , . , . 
between sir John de Melloaod the, lord 

■ 'de Chargay. at Arras* v^i^ 223 , 

Comet, a marveUous one in the yeftr 1477, au 977 

/ 1 

** * 



Commercl, Aege of^ by R€n6, duke of Bar, vH 

Comm^rcy, the heir o£^ take$ the tiMm oi Ligny 

in the Barrens, vii. 94 
Compiegne, the townsmen of, admit the duke of 

Burgundy, iii. 300 

, their reasons for this measure, ih* 

-, is beftie^d by the king's itr my, iv. 19, 

I ■ ' ^ 


, the reduction of^ to Henry V. v* 846 

— i is delivered up to the Ehglidh, vL 69 

' , surrenders to the French, vi. 301 

•, siege of, by the duke of Burgundy, 

after the capture of Joan d'Arc, vi, 349 

■j the siege of, raised by the French^ 

vi. 373 

Conches, taken by the French, viii. 442 
Conde, is ^Von by Charles VII. ix, 59 
Cone sur-Loire, siege of, v-, 364 
Conecte, friar Thomas, preaches and inveighs 

against the extravagant dresses of the women, 

VI. 240 

, goes to Rome and is burpt, vii, 918 
P3nfederate8, the Burguiidians and Bretons, bin- 
der the count de Charolois, besiege Puris^ x. 

' ' ■' ■ ' , provisions brought from Paris^ on payv 

ment being made for them, x. 431 
Conflans, treaty of, between Lcmis XL itid thf 

confederated princes, %. 285 

-, a royal edict respecting v^hl^t t^e kkig 


cohceded to the count de Charolois, x. 29p, 297 
Conspiracy, a dreadful one in Paris 3^i]ist the 

king, iv. 219 
^ , the conspirators seized ^d beheaded, 

iv* 221, 222 
Const^ce, some account of the city of, iv. 75 



Ck>nstance9 a council is held at, respecting the 
schism in the church, iv. 86 

■ ■ ^ the earl of Warwick, and others from 
England, attend the council of, iv. 91 

•, by authority of the coundl, the sen- 

tence against master Jean Petit is revoked^ iv. 

*——- — , another council is held at, where pope 
Martin is elected head of the church, iv. 299 

Constance, cardinal de, pleads for the king against 

, the duke d'Alen^on, x. 4 

Constantinople, besieged and captured by Maho- 
met IL ix. 314, 32S 

Conti, the lord de, slain at Milan, xii. 122 

Conversan, Pierre de Luxembourg, count de, cap- 
tured, v. 212 

■ — , is liberated, v. 326 

Convention of Arras is attended by the cardinals 
of Santa Croce and Cyprus, vii. 211 

^ ambassadors arrive from England to, 

vii. 215 

> ambassadors from France arrive at. 

vii. 217 

, the cardinal of Winchester attends, 

vii. 232 
Coppin de Mesinacre, is beheaded, viii. 78 
Corbie, the town of, attacked by the French, vif; 

Gorbeil, siege of, iv. 355 

Courtois, Simon, beheaded for treachery, xi. 305 
Coustain, John, master of the wardrobe to duke 

Philip of Burgundy, his disgraceful death, x. 

Courtray, besieged by the Ghent men, ix. 250 
Covetousness, on, i. 209 
Cramailles, Anthony de, is beheaded, vii« 154 


Craon, sir John de, lord of Dommart, taken 

prisoner at the battle of Azincourt, iv. 194 
Craon, sir James de, is taken prisoner at the 
' castle of Dommart, vii. 65 
Craon, the lord de, his victory over the prince 

of Orange, x. 263 
Crasset, Perrinet, a famous adventurer, vi 67 
Creil, siege of, vii. 162, 339. viii. 278 
Cordes, the lord des, his successes in Plcardjr, 

xi 373 

: 5 falls ill at Lyon and dies, xi. 385 

Corlart de Forges, killed, vii. 155 

Coroam, William de, puts to flight John de Beati* 

vain, vii. 139 
Coucy, the damsel of, her marriage with the 

count d6 Nevers li. 79 
— — — , is taken by prisoners Confined therein, 

and the governor lalled, v. 78 
Coulogne-le's-Vigneui^es, siege of, vii. 167 
Coulomiers en Brie, the town of, taken by sca- 

lado, vi. 597 
Coulon, and other adventurers, capture ftnirscore 

Flemish vessels on the coast ot Normandy, xi. 

Courtjambe, sir James de, ii. 32 
Crespy, siege of, v. 165 

— , town of, surrenders to Philip duke erf 
Burgundy, v. 166 

— , won by the French, by scatido^ viL 

Crevant, siege of, vi. 45 

^ . , the English and the Burgondians tri«* 

umph, vi. 50 

Crevecoeur, the lord de, attacks the French, vi. 

• 381 

■ , is sent to the French court to negociate 
a marriage between the count de Cbarohns and- 
the kifi^s second daughter, viii. IQO 


Crichton, sir Williain, has the guardianship of 

the young kin^ of Scodancjl after the murder 

of James I. viii. 5 
Croisade against Bohemia, v. 206 
^ " ' > against the Turks by pqpe Nichdas V. 

CrosSs a miraculous white one, appears in the 

heavens, to turn the English to the French, \x, 

fcrotoy, siege of, vi. 42 

, treaty of, yi. 55 

— • , the town and castle erf", are surrendered 

to the duke of Bedford, vi. 7 1 

-, is conquered by sir Fk>rimont de Bri- 

' meUi viii. 382 
■ " '■' , is besieged by the lord d'Auxy and 

sir Flprimont de Brimeu, viii, 49 . .. ^ 
Croy, the lord de, made prisoner, ii. 215 

^ obtains his liberty, iii. 10 

-, nominated governor of Boulogne, iii. 

, sends aid secretly to the duke of Bur^ 


ii I I 

gundy, iii. 313 

-^-a is slain at the battle of Azincourt, iv. 


Croy, the lord de, opposes the. Germans in Lux^ 
\ exE]Ax)urg> ix 286 

-, receives a grant from th^ king of die 


county snd Igrdship of Guisaes, x. 127 

— , labours to make peace with the count 

de Charolois, x. 277 
Croy, sir John de, i». twrrested by orders of ih£. 

queen of France, iii. 285 

-: -^-— , escapes, iii^ 314^ ! : , ; . • rO ' 

, attacks the English, and is discomfiteof 

• • ■ !., ' ■ ' > be^es Guixies, vii. S6$ 

* • « 

( I 


Croy, m John de, breaks up the stage to aid the 

duke before Calais, vii. :578 
■ ' '■ -^ attatks certain pillagers in the town 

of Haussy, vim 272 
Cyprus, brewer to thi^ king of, conies to Paris, 

iv. 225 
— ^ the king of, b made prisoner by the 

Ssiracens, vi. lH7 
^ the king is taken to Cairo, vi. 102 

, the king is liberated, vi. 195 

~- , the king of, dies, vii. 82 

, the cardinsds of» attend the conven'* 

tion at Arras, viL 2 1 1 


D'ailly, Peter, bishop of Cambray, iii. S27 

D'airaines, siege of, v. 328 

pammartin, the lord de, condemned for high 
treason, but banished to Rhodes, x. 130, 13 1 

■ , escapes from the bastUe into Brit- 
tany, X. 210 

-, makes an exchange with king Louis 

XL of his castle of Blancattort for certain 
rights, xiw 15 , , 

•, appointed grand n^uster of the royal 

household, xi. 31 

Dampierre, lord de, i. 1 30 

, slain at the battle of Azincourt, iv. 1 8* 

Daniel, a servant to Olivier le Daim, horrid ac- 
cusations agaipst, xi. 282, 287 

— ■ ' ■ '■ — , hanged on the gibbet at Paris, xi. 429 

Darius, king, i. 348 

D'Armagnac, the county his body is taken i;^ 
and decently jinterred, viii. 46 


D'Auffreinont, the lord de, is made prisoner by 

La Hire, vii. 177 
Daulphin, sir Guichart, appointed grand master 

of the king's household, ii. 135 
■■■ '■ . , slain at the battle of Azincourt, iv. 


-, and others, sent out of - Parts, iii. 249 

D*Auxy, the lord, and sir Florimont de Brimeu, 
march to lay siege to Crotoy, viii. 49 

Dauphinois, the, continue the ^ar against the 
Burgundians, v« 33 

' 5 take the town of Laigny-sur-Marne^ 

V. 45 

■ — , take the city of Soissons, v. 5 1 

-, the dauphiness is sent to the dauphin. 


•, the dauphin carries on a vigorous war 

against the Burgundians, v. 83 

— , retake Villeneuve-le-Roi, v. 258 

', defeat the duke of Clarence near Bau- 

gy, V. 262 

, advance to Afen9on, v. 265 

-, take Avranches, v. 319 

-, assemble to raise the siege of D*Ai- 

raines, v. 329 

•, the dauphin's lady, called the queen, 

is brought to bed of a son, who is christened" 

Louis, dauphin of Vienne, vu 65. See Charles 

t'he dauphin, and Charles VI 1, 
Dauphiny, the Burgundians are defeatedlh, vL* 

pavencourt, the town and castle of, taken by the 

foreign companies in the service of the duke of 

Burgundy, iv«287 
David de' Combrebant is put to death, with his 

brother the young earl of Douglas, viii. 6 


Dax, the dty of, is regained from the French. 

viu. 342 
, is besieged by the count d'Albreth, ix. 

-, submits to the king, ix« 1 69 

Denis, sir, de SainctFleur, is beheaded, vii. 1 1 1 
Denisot de Chaumont, . a butcher of Paris, his 

quarrel with the bastard of Bourbon* iii. 94 
DF.SREY, PIERRE, beginning of his chronicles 

of Charles VIII. xi. 356 
D'Estampes, the count, reconquers the town of 

.St Valery, vii. 164 
— , recovers the castle of RouUet from the 

men of the lordde Moy, viii. 109 
, marches an army into the duchy of 

Luxembourg, viii. 359 

— y succeeds to the duchy of Brittany, x 


-, makes prisoner the viscount d'Amiens, 


, quits the house of Burgundy and at* 

taches himself to the king of France, x. 129 
Devils, on what conditions they will assist wicked 

men, i. 280 
, an assemblage of, to destroy the king 

of France, i. 289 
Devices of the Orleans men and the Burgundians^ 

i. 153 
Deymer, Jean, condemned and quartered for trea. 

son against the lord of Beaujeu, xi. 145 
Dieppe^ the town of, escaladed by the French,' 

vii. 301 
Digne, the bishop of, preaches before the council 

of Pisa, ii. 98 
Dijon, the king's palace at, burnt down, xii. 80 
Dinant, the inhabitants of the town of, insult the^ 

count de Charolois, x. 274 


Pioant besieged and battered with cani^on, x« 323 

, forced to surrender, plundered and de- 

xnolishedy x. 399 

D'OUehaing, the lord de, is reinstated in his of- 
fice of chancellor, iii. 153 * * . 

Domfront, siege of, iii. 29 

Dommart, fortress of, taken by the French, hf 
scalado, vi. 24 

Dommart castle taken by the French, vii. 64 

Dommart, the lord de, is made prisoner by the 
French, ib. 

D'Orris, Michel, challenges the knights of Eng- 
land to combat, i. 13 

— , hb cb;dlenge answered by sir J. Pren- 

dergast, i. 15 

, his answers to sir J. Prendergast's let- 

ters, apologizing for not fulfilling his engage^ 
ment, i. 22 

' r— J condudion of his decond letter, u 25 

, his second general challenge, L 3 1 . 

>, fourth letter, addressed to the knights 

of England, i. 32 
Douay, heretics of, v. 237 
Douglas, the e^rl o^ defeats the lord Percy, and 

sir Thomas de Hauton, ix. 12 
r , is killed at the battle of Verneull, vi. 

Dours, attacked by the English, viii. 257 
Doyac, John, intercepts the duke of Brittany's ar- 
' mour from Milan, xi. 388 
, has his ears cut off, and his tongue 

bored with a hot iron, xi. 360 
Porset, the es^rl of, governor of Harfleur, invades 

the country of the Caux, iv, 260 
Dreaux, siege of, v, 303 

Dress, changes ofj in France, A. D. 1467, x. 


Dudley, c^ptain/killed at (he battle of Verneui!* 

vi. 93 
Dun-le-Roi, siege erf, Ui. 63 
t>unois, the count de^ takes the city of Leisenx^ 
ix. 16 

, takes possession of Mantes, ix. 17 

-, replies to the speech of master Guil? 
laume, ix. 24 

*, gains the castle of Harcourt, ix. 35 
'y takes Argentan, ix. 47 
-, is ordered by the king to join him 
against Rouen, ix. 52 

, enters Rouen, ix. 66 

-: ^^ IS appointed lieutenant-general in Gui- 

enne, ix. 159 • 

•, besieges Monte Guyon, 16. 

-, enters Bordeaux, ix. 171 
-, besieges Bayonne, ix. 179 

Dunot is charged with an attempt to poison the 
' duke of Orleans, and drowned, viii. 27 1 


Earthquake, dreadful, at Naples and ki Calabria, 

ix. 866, 367 
Eckelop, the town of, is burnt by the marshal 

of Bui^;undy, ix, 243 
Edelin, master Guillaume, reprimanded and im-» 
, ' prisoned for having bound himaelf i* servitude 

to Satan, ix. 345, 346 
Edward^ duke of Bar, slain at the battle of Aziu* 

courtr.iv. 185 

Edward, earl of Marche, eldest son to the duke 
of York, defeats queen Margaret of E ng l and, 
X. 53, 55 , 

— " ■■— - ', crowned king of Englaad, 7U 57 


Edward, earl of Marche, gains the battle of Hex- 

ham, X, 163 
, marries the daughter of lord Rivers, 

X. 189 

, banishes the earl of Warwick and the 

duke of Clarence, xi. 97 

■, defeated by the earl of Warwick, flies 

to Burgundy, xi. 105 

-, returns with a great army and regains 


the kingdom, xi. 112 

, summons the king of France to re- 

store the duchies of Guienne and Normandy, 
xi- 174 

-, meets the king of France at Pecquig* 

ny — ^their conference, xi. 195 

-, causes his brother the duke of Cla- 

rence to be drowned in a butt of malmsey, 
xi. 281 

, dies, xi. 349 

Egypt, the sultan of, determines to conquer the 
whole kingdom of Cyprus, vi. 159 

Eichtfeld, battle of, between the duke of Bur- 
gundy, the duke of Holland, and the Liegeois, 
u. 28 

Elephants, war, i. 107 

Encre, church and town of, almost entirely de- 
stroyed by fire, x. 89 

Engennes, sir John de, beheaded by order of the 
lang of England, iv. S80 

Eneiand, custom in^ of placing a crown beside 
the bed of their dying monarchs, iii. 

— , a truce between France and, iii, 20, 

, ambassadors arrive at Paris from, iv. 


— ^ assembles an army to invade France, 

iv. 126 



England, 31 meeting is held between Calais and 
Gravelines to negotiate respecting a peace with, 
viii. 112, 179 

■ — — , troubles in, between the dukes of 
York and Somerset, ix. 190 

, civil war in, ix. 348, 359 

>, ambassadors £rom> denied access to tht> 

king of France, x. 41 

~, slight mention of the rebellion and 

discord in, x. 48 

V battle of Towton, queen Margaret de* 

feated by Edward earl of Marche, x. 53, 5S 
, the earl of Warwick drives the Frenc/*. 

from^the places they had won, x. 120 

-, an embassy sent to king Louit XL 

X. 133 

, battle of Hexham, x. 1&2 

>, a truce concluded with France &>t 

twenty-two months, xi 22 
r— , Henry VI. delivered from the tower 
by the earl of Warwick, xi. 105 . 

-, return of Edward IV. from Burgundy^ 

who regains the kingdom, xi. 114 

, conference between king Edward and 

king Louis XL at Pecquigny, xi. 1 95 

-, the duke of Clarence drowned in. a 

butt of malmsey, xi. 281 

— , a' peace concluded with Scodand, xi. 

3*2 ^ 

— , succession of Henry VII. noticed^ xi. 

1 . 


- — , Henry VIE. prepares to invade France^- 

xu. 145 

, battle of Spurs, xii. 153 

English, the, marching to reinforce the siege oE-- 
Orleans, are met and attacked by the-Fcea^hr- 

vi. 249 



English, the, mdke many con<|»ests, ri. 331 

, conquer the bulwark of Lagny sur- 

Mjune, vii. 78 
■ ■ , defeat La Hire at LeBois, vii. 30? 

y make excursions towards Boulogne 

and GraveKnes, vii, 342 

> nnake an excursion into the country of 

Santois, viii. 181 

-, make an inroad' on the Boiilonots froHi- 

Calais, x. 10 
Englemonstier, burnt by the Ghent men, ix. 253 
Enguerrand de Bournouville, attacks the Armag- 

nacs near Paris, ii. 322 

^ attacks them near Bourges, iii. 66 

y is beheaded, iv. S2 
Erpingham, sir Thomas, i. iss 

, his gallant conduct at the battle of 

Azincourt, iv. 171 
Esparre, lord de Tj arrested for treason, and pai^* 

d<med, ix. 5 
*-• — — , again ofiends, and is. executed, ih 
Espineuse, sirBinet d', executed, ii. 310 
— ^ '—y his bcxiy is takea from the gibbet and 

interred, iii 96 
Essars, Anthony des, complaints against him, iii. 

108 . 
— , enters the bastile with hb brother, iii. 

. 145 ^ 
Essars, sir Peter des, ^ provost of Paris, arrests the 

ministers of finance, ii. 129 
— r— — — ^» is deprived of all his offices, ii. 208 

•, is reinstated in his office of provost^ 

* <■■' 

ii. 297 

, flies for refuge, iii. 131 

, is arrested and ij:^pini8oaed, iii. I4ff 

<^«-, is l^eheaded^ iii. \l% 

289 ' 

Estemay, lord d', general of Normandy, fli^g 
from Rouen in disguise, xi. 9 

' — , taken and drowned, xi. 11 

Estienette de Besan^on, the wife of a rich mer- 
chant, seduced by the count de Foix, xi. 8 1 

Estouteville, sir Robert d\ restored to the pro- 
vostshlp of Paris, xi . 3 

— : , his gallant defence of Beauvai^, xi. 133 

— — , dies, xi. 311 

Estrepagpiy^ the castle of, is taken by storm, vi. 
300, 301 

£u, the count 4', arms in defence of the duke of 
Acquitaine, iii. 176 

, is taken prisoner at the battle of Azin- 

court, iv. 194 

— , is liberated and i^eturns to France, viii. 


, king Louis XL's lieutenant, negocu 

ates with the rebellious princes, xi. 402 
■, dies, xi. 1 1 7 

Eu, reconquered by the French from the count 

de Roussi, xi. 141 
Xugenius IV. pope, is solicited by the emperor 
of Germany to continue the general council^ 
^t Basil, vii. 22 

'■ ' ' , spends the cardinal of Santa Croce to 
France to promote peace, vii. 76 

, the Romans quarrel with him, vH. 158 

•- , escapes to Florence, ib. 

-, a quarrel arises between him and the 

couiflciLof Basil, viii. 99 

**^, sends bulls to divers parts of Europe 


against heresy and the council cdF Basil, viii. 
— — r^, dle«, vlii, 414 

istache,^iar^ hl»rangues the \dxigi i 
VOL. xti. ir 



Eustache, sir de Leactre, succeeds iit lt.e^flld de 

Corbie as chancellor of France, iii. 175 
Everard de la Marche, destroyB dit town imd 
• ^ castle of Orchimont, vii. S40 
Evereaux submits to the king, ix. 27 
Exeter^ duke of, iv. 1 60 

F. • ' , 



Falaise, siege of, ix. 133 

Famechon,.3ir Peter de^ beheaded; \i. 353 

Tamine, a great one in France, viii. 65 

•^ : — 9 rages in many places, viu. 94 

, another great one, throughout France, 

/ in i48Uxi. SSI 

Fascot, sir John, is appointed to the command 

> of the convoy of reiuforcements to the fiege 

of Orleans, vi. 24© 
Fassincault, capt. comes to Genoa to assist Bou- 

cicaut, ii, 125 
Fastolfe, sir John) commands th^ armament to 

reinforce the $iege of Orleans, vi. 249 
t ^ is deprived of the pvder ctf th.e garter, 

vi.275 ^ ' • ; 

Fauquenberghe, th^ count de, slain at the battlf 

of Azincourt, iv. 1 86 
Feast of Ifhe Gplden Fkece, viii. 355 
F6camp, city of, is taken by the mad^^ de Jlieux^ 

. vU. 804 . . , 

, is recovered by the English, viii. 33 

Felix T. pope, reUnquishes aU »dmQ$ to the pa* 

pacy, iK. 4)25 
Ferdinand, king of Arragon, dies, xii. 19$. 
Ferry de Hengest, bailiff of Amiens, U. 876 
Ferry ilf; Maiil^, takitn .prisoner by the diftb^ fd 

Burgmidy, iv. 211 


f^TTY^ JM&iUy obtains his l&ekty, iv. 212 

— ^ , invades the towns of Quesnel and 

; f^?ns^> iv»229 

Finances of France, public report respecting, iii. 

Flanders, the three estates of, ave anxious for 

peace* v^ 25,8 
Flanders, the countess of, dies, xi. 333 
Flavy, William de, murdered while diaving, by 

l^is wife, X. 164 
Flemings, the, their unruly behaviour in th« 

Burgundian array, iL 2S9, 293 

-, deaiand permission to return home. 

T*<» I 

u, 299 

> forciUv retroat, and commit many 

• • ^ ^ ^^ 

excesses, ii. 302 

— , receive letters from Henry of Eng- 

-, resolve not to break their truce with 

the BurgundiuS) iii- 44 

-, march to the siege of Calais, vSL 352 

*-, th^t great presumption, vii« 358 

Ti — ^ resolve to l^ve the duke before Ca** 


iais^ vii. 375 

- — ■ M , j^etreat in dbgrace, vii. 381 


from Calais, yii. 388 

T— ' — -^j send money to Douay, wihich k^eizeel 
by ih^ king's troops, xd. SQ$ 
~— — , are admitted into Can;ihay, xi. S\0 
-*, make peace with the king, id. 842 

Bisque, de, cardinal, offer of pardon to, ii. 114 
Flocquet, one of the king's commanders, dies, 
' X* S$ 
Florence, conspiracy of the Pazzi at, xi. 272 

f*—- ~-t*-?— , entiy at Charles VHL into, xt 413 

u2 , 


Florentines, pay their duty to pope John XXBL 

ii. 16« 
Florimont, sir, de Brimeu, conquers Crotoy, vii. 

S&2 ^ 

Foix, the count of, guns the town and castle of 

Maul^on, ix. 42 

— , besieges Guischcn castle, ix. 101 

— , falls in love with the wife of a rich 

merchant of Fans and seduces her, xi. 8 1 
Folleville castle is taken by the English^ viii. 181 
Fontaines-Lavagam, siege of, v. 160 
Fontenoy, the castle of, besieged, iii. 53 
Forbier, Louis, lieutenant*govemor of Pontoise, 

admits the Burgundians into the town, x. 422 
Foronuovo, the battle of, xn. 24 
Fosse, the town of, is burnt by the lord de Croy, 

vi. 856 
Fougares is taken by sir Francis de Surienne, viii. 


-— , surrenders to the duke of Brittany, 

ix. 88 

Fradin, Anthony, a cordelier friar, preaches at 
Paris, and is afterwards banished^^^ xi. 291 

France, the marshal of, goes to England to the 
assistance of the prince of Wales, i. 103 

— -— ^ , the duke of Burgundy's petition rela- 
tive to the internal state :of, i- 141 

-, the clergy of, summoned to meet -the 

king on the subject of church union, i. 176 

^, the prelates and clergy of, summoned 

to Paris, i. 325 

-^ a reformation in the finances 4>f, re- 

solved oh, ii. 146 

, a tax is laid on the clergy of, by pope 

John, ii. 234 " ^ 

--, a civil war breaks out. in several parts 

of, ii. 278 


9 ^^ ± 

¥Vance, report ri&specting the abuses in the go- 
vernment of. Hi. 9S 

, the ringleaders of the rioters are ba- 

ni^ed from, iii. 242 

-, propositions for restoring peace to the 

kingdom, lii. 196 

, a heavy tax is laid on the .kingdom^ 

with the consequences of it, iv. 218 

Vthe queen of, is banished, iv. 279 ' 

' ■ > — , the queen of, escapes from Tours, ancl 
fi^ws the duke of Burgundy, iv. 360 

-, the queen writes several letters on be^ 

half of the dukeof Burgundy,4v. 362 

. , depreciation of the coin of, v. 259, 


^, a rigorous tax is in^posed for a new 

coinage, v. SIS 

-, poetical complainings of the common* 

alty and labourers of,^v. 352 

, a great pestilence and depravity in^ 

viL 139 ' 

-)» the poor people of, are very much dis* 

tressed, vii. 392 
— - — ^ a great famfne in, viii. 65 

Francis, count of, Angoul6me, betrothed to tht 
princess Claude of France, xii. 104 ^ 

, se^it to command against the Swiss, 
xii. 149 

^. ' — , succeeds Louis XL on the throne of 


France, xu. 171 
m^ — «*, concludes a treaty with the archduke, 

xri. 172 ;^ 

-^ , makes his public entry into various 

cities, xii. 175 

', marches into Italy, xii. 176 

-, pursues the Swiss with his wbfdearmy^ 

»ii. 179 



Francis^ defeats theit army at M^rignano. im. ifX 
— ' — — — , subdues Milan and ifeduces the cwtle, 
xik 191 ' 

', holds a conference y^ith Leo X* at Bo« 

Jogna, and returns to France, xii. iQ5 

— r , concludes a treaty of ^eace^ ^itb the 

archduke king 6f Spiinyxii. 203 

— '-- — , received at Pari^ with demojltttf tftions 

(' :! 

of joy, jdi. 206 
Frederick, duke of Austfia^is crowned emperor, 

and married at Home.'to. the daughter Of the 

kmg of Portugal, ix. 190. 
Frederic, sty Ufeg himself king of > Naples^ Cotties 

to France, iit 75 :. . . . 

, dies, xii. 102 

I'renohi ol^r jbs^e to tfae^Bfurgundians, after their 

defeat at Cofnpii^gne, which i$ refused, vi. 393 
r— -—'—-* 4re jiearljr takiog tW Castlf of Rouen, 

viL 59 ; , * 

-, conlmit grett disef ders in . the Amien-. 

noif, &c, vii, 92 

-3 ftojpoe captaii)^ cros^ the Sjojxuney and 

overrun Artois, vii. 101 

-, won the toWn df St Valery, vii, 1 14 

rt t "^ I ^ » overrtan and ^Hage thecpuntry of the 
duke of 3v«rgliitdy a^t^r the peace c^ Arras, 

Fresnoy surrenders to the duke d'A1^990i), ix. 

Fronsac, siege of, by the count de Dutiov^, ix, 166 

pjcO(rt> ^ y^ty ^^^% ^^ SWWQ Ot^x »tP^is, 1 20* 

.... "'^ 

iv ' . . . Q, ' 

Galilee, the prlrice of, vl; 185 
Uaiei&j^fegeofj vS* 3S7 

, taken by the French troc^ uader 

Charles VllI, xii, 10 

GaUkm »stk submits ta Chanrles VII. ix S8 " ^ 
Gamackes, the lord de, appohvted bailiff of 

Rouen, iv. 285 
Gargrave, sir Thomas, is kilted at the siege of 

Oirt^ns, ri. 2Se 
Garn;er, Laurence, the body of, taken from the 

^bbet 2irid buried, xi. 306 
•Gascony,' campaign in, i. 118 
Gastellk^ sit, seizes the castle of Oisy, ir. 29^ - 
Gduy, Davi(ki de, v. 83 
Gaveren, siege of, ix. 265 

, battle of, ix. 270 

Generals, officers of finance so called, iH. 1 10 
Geneva, the count of, marries the daughter ef 

the king of Cyprus, vii. 148 
Genevieve, St. the steej^ of dr^ church of, 

burnt by lightning, xi. S5) 
Genoa, the sovereignty of, is ofiered ta ChxAeSr 

VILviii. 408 
— — i--^, a nQarreltous event a*, xi* 40O 
Gerberoy, the town of, is taken by the Vtetcik, 

viii. 4^ 
Geoffroy, sir, de Villars, made prisoned by tile 

, duke ^ Btirgundy, iv. 34T 
Gergeau, siege of, vi. ^34 
', the town jaxd castle areiirott by the 

French, vk 266 
Germans, are opposied m Luxembourg by the 

lord de Croy, ix. 286 
G^rsies;, the ^a^sdie of^ wda by siy SinUHi de Qer « 

mont, iii, 48 
Geiy, St, the camms of the chapter of, quarrel 

with the inhat;(Stamts of the tawir ctf Caiiibray, 

iv. 147 . 
Ghent>men rise agaiiist their magistrates, vii» ^9 

•-*--*- — ^,iagitnrtbel, yif. 131) 


Ghent-men, and other Flemings, make great pre- 
parations for the siege of Calais, vii. 344 

— — ■ ■ , resolve to leave the duke*s army be- 
fore Calais, vii. 273 

-, rise in arms and commit great dep 

dations, viii. 9 

, exdted by the artisans, they again 


take up arms, viii. 66 
**— r — ' — i murmur respecting the tax on salt, 

ix. 193 
— • — , supplicate pardon from the duke of 

Burgundy, ix. 194 
" ' — , they besiege Oudenarde, ix. 202 

V they are defeated by the count <l*Es- ' 

tampes, ix. 205 

•, they fortify Nieneve, ix. 215 
-, they are defeated there, ix. 2l& 

— — — — . tnev lornrv JNieneve^ ix. !zia 

■^ ■» — J the duke defeats them at the battle of 
Rupelmonde, ix. 2 1 8 

, they choose for their leader a lusty 

cutler^ ix. 224 

-, they are defeated at Hulet and Moer 

beke, ib. 

', refuse the articles of peace from France, 

rffi I I ■ » » ^ 

ix. 230 

-, recommence war, ix. 234 
-, are defeated before Alost, ix. 244 
-, various encounters between them and 

the Picards, ix. 247 

', attempt to bum various parts of Hai- 

nault, ib. 

— , send a deputation to the count d*£s-* 

tampes respecting peace, ix. 249 

', are defeated before Alost by sir Frau- 

ds, the Ariragonian, ix. 244 

■T — , Alost is nearly taken by them, ix. 256 

-— — — -, they besiege Courtray, ix. 250 

297 ' 

GfaeHt^M^n, they are near taking the dnchess 

of Burgundy prisoner, ix* 251 
—— ^ , send a deputation to beg the mercy of 

the duke of Burgundy, ix. 275 

r, treaty of peace be,tweeh them and the 


duke of Burgundy, ix. 280 

-, bumble themselves before the duke^ 


Ghent, order of the duke of Burgundy's en- 
• trance into, ix^ 429 

, magnificent entertainments at, ix. 428, 


Giac, the lady of, v. 1 1 8 

Gilbert du Fretun, makes war against king Henry, 

i. 90 
Giles, the lord, of Brittany, is put to death By 

his brother, the duke, viti. 408 
Gilles de Ressis, beheaded, iv. 83 . . . 

Gilles de Postelle39 is accused fit treason to the 

duke of Burgundy, and beheaded, vii. 129 
Girard^ sir, lord ot Herancourt, i. 47 . 
Gisors, the ^ege of, v. 108 
Glocester, the duke of, is sent to St Omer ashos* 

tage for the duke of Burgundy, iv. 247 
Glocester, Humphrey, duke of, and his duchess, 

leave Calais for Hainanlt to receive the allegi- 
ance of that country, vi. 1 1 3 
— , the duke of ,-sends a letter to the duke 

of Burgutidy, vi. 1 17 » 

>, copy oiF his second letter to the duke 

of Burgundy,^ vi. 128 

-, is blamed by the cdurt of London for 

his expedition into Hainault, vi. 159 

-, quarrels with the cardinal of Winches- 

*> ti 

ter, yi. 170' 

■, resolves to succour the duchess in KoU 

• ' I I I m v 

hxkd, vi. 180 

> ?98 

Qloeester^ Himi^hFey, duke of, his marris^ 
with the duchess Jacqueline declared null and 
void by the pope, vi 197 

— — , marries Eleanor Cobham, ib, 

Glocester, the bishc^ of, i^ murdered by the po- 
pulace in London, viii. 43 1 

God&ey/ cardmal of Arra^ wstfts oo ^uog Louis 
XI. X- 139 

Crolde'R Ffcece, order of» vi/ 329 

Gouge^ Martin^ bisl)op of Cbartres, atresledx ii* 

Gournay, surrendered to the duke of *Burg0n4y> 

. vi*360 , . . . ' 

Gnnd maat^r of the Teutoviic order^ msaFcbes att 
army into Lithuania, ii. 170 

Gt^M-pe^ the count de, slain at tbc bMtle of 
Azincourt, iv. 18^ 

•- , murdered by Pari^afis^ v. 21 

Cfanaon, the duke of Burgundy. delected by th6 
Swiss at, xi. 277 

Graus^y, siege of^ viL HO 

Gregory XIII. pope, attennpts a» imioti in the. 
cburch^, i. 117 ' 

-— — r— , sends ambassadors aild bulls to the uni- 
versity of Paris, i. 18Sf 

> is condenmed at the couMii of Pijia^ 

^ttk^^^ttmf <l fci 

ii. 90, 109, 1 1 8 
Grey^siafTliDmas, iv, 141 
Gueldres, the duke of, ipprtally wcJundcd befiore 

, Tdurnay, xi. 265. 
Gueroult, Pierre de, a youth, bejwaded £<* disr 

Jbyalty, x. &97 
Guetron castie, sieg^ of, vii. 5^ . 

""• ■ ". ' • ' ."-^ > , the soldiers whci garrisoned; it a re near * 

ly all hanged, vii. 54 , . 

Guefbignyy the Bisrgundia&s and the E pgli s h y » 

defeated near, vi. 390 . .\ . 



Giiienne is* invaded by the Frencfi, iK. !50 
-— — , the greater part of the towns and 

castles in the duchy surrender tatheFrencb^ 

ix. 166 

-, the war in, xii. 143 

Guiflfert, Andrieu, and other puUic treasurers, 

complaints concerning, ill. 106 

-, is arrested, iii* 131 

Guiliemins, order of hermits, i* 176 

Guischen castle, siege of, ix. 101 

Guise, siege of, Ti. 79 

— ^ — , the garrison • capitulate to sir Johtt de 

Luxembourg and sir Thoma^s Rampstoun, vu 

Guye de Roye appeals from the constitutions^ 

drawn.up by the universiiy of Paris respecting 

the schisms, ii. 16 
' ' ' ■ ' , hi« comi^nssary comniitted to dose con* 

finennint, ii. 17 

-, is murdered during a riot at Voltri, 



4 I 

Hainault, duke William, count of, negoQiates a * 
reconcUiation between the duke of Burgundy 
and the king of France^ ii. 65 

-, the seneschal of, and sir John Cora^ 

■>■ ^. 

wall combat before Charles IV. ii. 84 

' ■ ■ nn ■ the seneschal of4 Derfiorms a deed 


arms, with three others, in the preaeiiK:e of 
Martin« king of Arragori, i. 95 

-"—• , the countess of, endeavours to m^ke 

peace between tfhe king, the duke of Acqu l * 
taine, and the duke of .Burgundy, iy. 36 . .. 
--, renews her negociations for peace, iv. 39 




Hainaulty the countess of, negociates a peace, iv; 

58 . ^ 

■ y a second time negociates a peace, iv. 

Hallam, Robert, bishop of Salisbury, attends 4iie 

council of Pisa, ii. 98 
Ham, siege of, ii. 291 

• ^ , evacuated, ii. 293 • 

Hambre, the lord de, unsuccessfally attiempts the 

rescue of the count de la Marched iii. 6 
Hamela in Westphalia, strange miracles of a rat* 

catcher at, xi. 1 22 
Hamme-surrSomme» is taken by scalado, vi« 64 
Hamme, town of, is won by the French, vii. 166 
Hangest, John de, lord de Huqueyille, ^oes to 

England to the assistance of the prince of 

Wales, i. 102 
Hangest, the lord de, is made prisoner, ii. 247 
Hangestez, the lord de, taken prisoner at Mercq 

castle, i. 1 30 , 
Hannequin Lyon, a noted pirate, vii, 347 . 
Hantbn, sir Ihomas de, invades Scotland, ix. 12 
Haphincourt casde, reconquered by sir John de 

Luxembourg, vii. 140 
Harcourt, sir James de, taken prisoner at the 

battle of Azincourt, iv. • 1 94 
-— ,, espouses the heiress of the count de 

Tancarville, iv. 381 

— , captures his cousin the count de Har- 

court, V* 5 

-, makes a successful excursion near 

Rouen, V. 64 

-, continues the war against Trance, v, 


, begins a war on tho vassals and couD- 

tries of the duke of Burgundy, v* S68 




}£ircourt, sir James de, meets a party of English 
and is defeated, v. 3 1 3 

■ ■ •. visits the lord de Partenay, and re- 
quires him to give up his castle, vi. 61 

, attempting to seize that lord is put to 

death, vi. 62 
Harcourt, sir John, has the bishopric of Narbonne 

given to him by the pope, vii. 119' 
Harcourt castle is taken by the count de Dunois, 

ix. S5 • 
Hardy, John, undertakes to poison Louis XI ix* 

— — — -f is betrayed and apprehended, xL 158. 
" — , condemned and executed, xi. 1^9, 160- 

Harfleur, siege of, by the English, iv. 142 

' , the king of England enters, iv. 1 58 

-; , sir Joim le Blond made governor, iv^ 

^ ' ' , the French navy at, is destroyed, iv. 

248 . 

, surrenders to the king of France, vii. 

304 X 

-, is besieged by the earl o( Somerset, 

••• ' 

viu. 200 

-, surrenders to the king,^ ix. 9> 

^ AAA ^m A ^' _ ^ 

Harlebeck, the village of, is l!)urnt by the Ghent 

men, ix. 238 
Harlem is blockaded by the duchess Jacqueline, 

vi. 175 
Hsiussy. See Pillagers. 
Hautbourdin, the lord de, bastard of St Pol, 

dies, X. 321 ; ' 

jEIav^rford, town and castle of, burnt by the 

French, i. 103 
Hector^ sir^' bastard of Bourbon, iv. 23 ' 
■ ■■■' , is killed, iv. 32 


Hector de Flavy, sir, combat* Maillot in,' at Ar- 
ras, vii, 6 
Hedin, the town of, surrenders to the king of 

France* xi. 258 
Henry, king of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 
marries thedau^ter of flenry^ king of Eng- 
land, il 78 • 
Henry IV. of Lancaster, king of England, x:om- 
. bats the Percies a^d Welshmen, i. 47 

-— , his courageous conduct, i. 48 

', is challenged by the duke of Orleans^ 

•^i^W'^i— ^* 

i. 55 « 

V ' ■ ■ — , his answer to the 4ulE;e .of Cleans* 

challenge, i. 58 
— J king of England, thinks it beneath 

his dignity to fight with one of infericnr rank, 

5.59, 60^ 

-, is repro^iched for . his conduct to the 

. l<}ueen of England, the xu^ce of th? duke of 

Orleans, i. 71 
■ . ■ " > » ■■' . , answers the chaige, i. 78 
•— , his reply to the duke of Orleans' se- 
cond letter, i. 73 

■, reinforces his army in France, 1. ISS 

--, prohibits his sobjects feom U^terfering 

in the factions of Ffa^ice,' jii. 1^7 

' — , agrees to aid the Armagnacs, iii. 99 
* »'! ■ I. . . , sends letters into Ghent and otkef 

towns, iii. 42 

-, confesses he had no right to the crown^ 

fit 1S9 

, dies, iB. 

, of th^ alliance hetweea hioa and the 

princes of France, iii. 141 
"Henry V. king of England^ swsaA)]e&9 large 
army to invade France, iV. 136-- -. — 

•^ — , ambassadors sent to him, iv. 128 




Heory V. makes great preparations to i 
France, > iv. 1S6 

-, he sends letters to the king of Fran^, 
at Paris, iv 137 

discovers, while ai Southampton, a 

conspiracy of his nobles against him, iv, 140 

'• y lays siege to Harfleur, iv. 142 

^~-^ r, enters Harfleur, iv. 152 

-——*—, resolves to march to Calais, iv» 1 59 

, his victory at the battle of Azincourtt 

iv, 183 

embarks at Cal^s for England after 
the battle of A^ncourt, iv. 199 

-, a truce is concluded between him and 

the duke of Burgundy, iv. (238 

-, returns to France with a large army. 

and takes many towns and fortress^, tv. 297 
-, his conquests in Normandy, iv. 378, 

V. 5 

', conquers Pont de F Arche, v. 29 

-, besieges Rouen; v. 40 

-, makes his public entry into Rouen^ 

t \ '^t I 

v. 71 
,.,„ , -^^^^ sends an embassy to the king ffi 

France and the duke of Burgundy at Provins, 

v-80 ^ ^ ^ 

;, is dissatisfied with the peace between 


the dauphin and the duke of Burgundy, v. 1^3j9 

» t ". , captures the town of Pontoise, v. lois 

^-«- — . f " ^'^ orders the fortresses of Ch4teau-€ratl- 

lard and or La Roche-^Gmyon to be besi ege d , 

V. 112 

>, arrives, with his whole airtiiy, at 

Trq^ in Champagne, to celebrate -hb mar- 
riage, and to conclude a peace with the king 
of France, v. 183 


Henty V. treaty of peace between him and 
Charles VI. after the marriage of his daughter 
Catherine, v. 1 85 

■ -, leaves Troyes with ^Charles VI. v. IS8 

' , inhumanly hangs the prisoners at the 

siege of Montereau^ v. 203 

', several castles and forts are delivered 

up to him, in which he places his own cap- 
tains, y. 214 

— , is declared heir and regent of the 

realm, of France, v. 216 

', goes to ^aris with his queen, snd 

Charles VL and his queen, in great pomp after 
the surren4er of Melun, v. 232 

-, keeps open court at Paris in a very 

magnificent manner, v. 242 

-, returns to England with his queen, 

V. 244 

, returns to France with a powerful 

army to combat the dauphin, v. 269 

-, marches from Calais to Beauvais and 

Montes, where he is met by the duke of Bur- 
gundy, V. 272 / 
-J conquers Dreux, and pursues the dau« 

phin, V. SOS 

— ^, besieges Meaux, v. 306, 333 

-, many other towns and ^ forts surren- 

der to him, V. 340 

, goes from Paris to Senlis, v. 346 

— , goes from Senlis to Coai|uegne, v. 350 

-, IS taken sids: during his march to the 

aid of the duke of Burgundy, to the relief of 
Cdne-sur-Loire, v. S67 

. addresses the duke of Bedford, &c. 

whilst on his death bed^ v-. 26« 

, dies, V. 371 


Henry rV. :h» body k coi;ivey«4 in g»^t 

to England, v^ S%i 

I " I I ■ .. ■».. ^ z nobte km^ht pf Pifardy uses^ a jok- 
ing expression relative to In^ i30Pt^, wbi^h was 
often T€jpeated> v-:j37^ ^ 

Hemy VI. corner from Pontoi$e tp St )5)eni3 to tf 
crowned king of France, vii. -^4 ; 

, is crowned at Pajris by the carding ©f 

Windb^t^r, vii. 49 

p»-, goes to RpuiBi;i9 vii. 51 

f i ^ ' ' » ' » fe mx^ik buft at the manner in which 
the duke of Surgundy add^ess^d hini after the 
pesiceof Arras, vii. ^91 

, sends an embassy to th? empj^rojr of 

■■■I 1 

Germany, and the tmba^dors ^re arrested 9t 
Brabant, vii. 309 .^ 
— , sends letters to the Hollanders^, im. 

310 . ^ 

t^^ — ^-^, Spnd^ letter? to France ej;pl?tining and 

excusing his quarrel with the du^ or Bur* 

^iMldy, vii. 3H . 

•, is betrothed to the daughter of R^ne 

king pf SicUy, viii. 394 

, taken prisoner by king Edward JV. 

aqd swt to th^ tpw^, x, .278 

-, delivered by the earl of Warwick, 

xi. 105 

Henry VII. of England sends a large fprce to the 
f^btanci? i^ t^ Bretons, xi. 363 ' 

', lands a force at Calais and besieges 


Boulogne, xi. 373 

-, concludes a peace, 3d. 374 

Henry VIII. of England prepjires tq inva4e France, 
-— , disembarks with his whole, ariijy at 

Caljws, xU. H7 

7- — ' — , besi^jge^ Thorpu^imf, xii, 151 

VOL* xiit % 

, , 


Henry VTII* returns to England, after tafiang Ther 

rouenne and Tournay, xii, 157 « 

~ — -, his sister the princess Mary married. 

to Louis XIL xii. 163 
Heretic, an extraordinary, at Paris, xii. 84 
Heresy, may be punished on the dead body of 

the heretics, i* 235 
Hericourt, siege of, v. 325 
Hermit, a devout one in Sv^isserland, subsists for 

fifteen years on the holy wafer, xi. 276 
Hemon, sir, de Bouberch; a vessel of his is taken 

by sir James de Harcourt, v. 267 
Hermontfort, the town of, is attacked by the 

duke of Burgundy, vi. 2 1 1 
Herrings, battle of, vi, 253 
Heuse, the brogne de la, is dismissed from the 

provostship, iii. 243 
Hoguemans, ix. 198,209 
Hofiand, William, duke of. See Liegeois, and 

John duke of Burgundy. 
Holland, inundation m, caused by the breaking 

of the dykes, xi. 84 \ 

Holy Land, ambassadors from, to the court of 

JP'rance, x. 65 
— ' , from thence to the court of Burgundy, 

X. 66 
Homicide^ i. 266 
Honfleur, siege of, ix. 103 
Honore Cokin, heads an insurrection at Amiens, 

vii. 295 

— , is beheaded, vii. 299 

Howard, the lord, and other ambassadors from 

England wait on the king of France, xi. S18 
Howard, sir Edward, killed in a sea-engagement» 

xii. 159 
Howel, John, surrenders the castle of La Roche- 
Guyon to its lord, and turns to4he French^ 
ix. 32 


Hiilst^ the men of Ghent are ctefeated at, ix. 


Humieres, the lord de, is taken by the French, 

vii. 91 
Humieres, the lord de, taken prisoner at the battle 

of Azincourt, iv. 194 
Humieres, the bastard de, defeats the French i^ar 

Rethel, vii. 214 
Humphry, duke of Glocester, sends a challenge 

and a threat to the duke of Burgundy before 

Calais, vii. 367 ^ ^ t ^ 
; , arrives at Calais with a large arma«* 

ment, vii; 385 

-, enters Flanders, vii. 386 

Hungary, the king of, writes for advice relative 
to the schism, to the university of Pai*is, i. 32'i< 

, his embassy to the king of France, ix,. 


, dies, ix# 894,416 

-, marries Anne of Candale of the house 

of Foix, xii. 79 

▼— ^, death of the queen, xii, 105 

Huntingdon, the earl of, aids the duke of Bur* 

gundy before Compiegne, vi. 8*57 
Hure, John de la, and others taken prisoners by a . 

band of horsemen, x. 381 
Huy, many of the inhaintants of, bdieaded and 

drowned, ii. 41 


■ ' ' \ 

Innocent Vni. pope, succeeds J^tus IV, x. 36^ 

■ J , dies, xi, 38X 
Isabella, queen of England, returns to France, 
i. 40 , 

." , Is married to Charles d'brleans, i 1-62 



Is&beUa, queen of England, dies iii childbed^ ii.^ 
Isabella, queen of France, and wife of Charles VJ. 

is banished, iv. 279 
■ , escapes from Tours with the duke 'of 

Burgundy, iv. 259 

-, writes letters on tiie duke's behalf^ 

iv. S62 

-, is carried to Paris, v. 24 

■ — , joins the duke of Burgundy, v. 87 
-, dies in the city of Pans, vii. 285 

Isabella of Savoy, queep of France^ comes to the 

king at Senlis, x. 129 
Isabella, queen of Spain, dies, xii. 102 
Ishmael, the Soj^i, his furious battle vntii the 

Turks, xii. 196 
Ivry castle besieged, vi. 63, 86 
— — — — , surrenders to the English, vi. 86 


* 4 

Jacob van Ardoyen, a btacksmith, is hung hir 
lending hummers to the duke of Burgundy 
during theinsurrectiDn at Bruges, viii. 21 

Jacobins, llie, renounce their oalvas to tythes, 
&C. ii. 152 

Jacottt de Btdiwe is sent to prison, but soop af- 
terwards released, viii. 1 73 

Jacquelina of Bavaria married to John duke of 
Touraine, i. 162 

- ■ — , dies, vii., 898 - / 

Jacqueline^ the duchess, writes to the duke of 
Glocester respectmg her being put und<»- the 
wardship of the duke of Bvrgilndy, vi. 148^ 

•154 \- 

— — — y escapes in disguise from Ghent and 
^;oes to Hblhnd, yl H6 - ^ 


Jdcquefihe, the duchess, is divorced from the 

duke by the pope, vi. 196 
^ — , treaty between her and the duke of 

Burgundy, which ends the war in Holland, vi, 

Jacques Goeur is arrested and made the king's 

prisoner, ix. 196 
Jacqueville, sir Elion de, heads a party of the 

Parisians to arrest sir Peter des Essars, iii. 145 
-, kills sir James de la Rivierre in pri« 


son^ui. 174, 214 

* ■ ■ , is dragged out of the church of our 

Lady at Chartres by Hector de Saveuses and 
put to death, iv. 369 

Ji^eDon, king of Poland, is baptized, ii. 154 

James de la Marche, king of Naples, the Neapo* 

• Htans diake war on him, iv. 257 

Jamed L king of Scotbnd, is murdered in bis bed<^ 
chamber, viii. 2 

James de Helly is killed at Ciompi^gne, vi. 391 

Jane of France, duchess of Bourbon, dies, xi. 322 

Januarius, St, of Naples, the miraculous head and 
blood of, xii. 13 

Jean de Chevrot has the bishopric of Tourney 
conferred upon him, viL 120 

Jeanne de Bethune, countess of Ligny, does ho- 
mage for her lands to Charles VII. viii. 270 

Jeanbon, a native of Wales, is beheaded for a con- 
spiracy to poison the dauphin, xi. 243 

Jeannetde Poix, and others, by command of the 
duke of Burgundy, march secretly to St Den- 
nis, and make inroads on cfiiierent parts of 
France, iv. 228 

Jeusne, master Robert le, is sent by the count de 
St Pol to harangue the king of France, iii, 23 1 

'**^ 9 is arrested for the want of vouchers, 



Jeune, Robert le, governor of Arras, deadi and 

character of, x. 122 
Jews, insulted at the coronation of pope John 

XXffl. u. 164 
— , crucify a child at Trent, in ridicule of 

the mysteries of the passion, xi. 274 
Joab, why king David ordered him to be slain, 

i. 253 
Joan, the maid of Orleans, waits on king 

Charles at Chinon, vi. 256 

, she is retained in the king's service, 


-, goes to Orleans, having command of 

a large force, ib. 

-, she reinforces and revictuals Orleans, 

vL 260 

>, requests the king to send .a large r^ 

forcement to pursue his enemies, vi. 265 

— , conquers the town of Gergeau, vi. 268 

, overthrows Franquet d' Arras, and has 

his head cut off, vi. 342 

-^^^, is taken prisoner by the Burgundians, 


before Compiegne, vi. 343 

', is condemned to be put to death, and 

burnt at Rouen, vii» 15 
Joan, diichessof Luxembourg, i. 109, 110 ' 
John XXUI. elected pope^ iL 162 

■ ■ ■■ t ^ ceremonials of his coronation,, ii. 163 

—— , his request of tenths rqected by the 

French church, ii. 210 ' 

, requests aid of the French king 


against the king Ladislaus, ii. 214 

-, flies from Rome, and fixes his court 

at Bdogna, iii^ 173 

— , is dethroned, iv. 87 

-, is released from prison, niade a cardi- 

nal by pope Martin^ and dies, iv. 386 


JoIm» king of Amgon, a deed of arms is ptarr * 

formed before him^ i« 95 
John, brother to the duke of Bar^ slain at the 

battle of Azincourt, . iy. 185 
John of Bavaria, bishop, makes his entry into 

Liege after the battle of £ichtfeld> ii. 39 
' ' — surnamed John the Pitiless, ii. 4 1 

^ dies, vi. 112. See liege. 

John of Montfort, duke of Brittany, dies, i. 39 
John de Moreul, knight to the duke of Bur- 
gundy, appointed ambassador, iii. 178 
John de Nevers is ordered to lay siege to Moreiul, 

vii. 156 
John, sir, bastard de St Pol^ is taken prisoner by 

the French, vii. 91 
John de Toisy, bishop of Toumay, death of, vii* 

Josquin, Philip, acquires great riches in the service 

of the duke of Burgundy, v. 132 
Josse, son of the duke of Burgundy, born at 

Ghent, vii., 106 
Joinville, the lord de, refuses, but upon condi^ 

tions, to deliver up the castle of Montereau to 

the dauphin, v. 128 - 

Jubilee in France, for the support of a« war 

against the Turks, xii. 73 
Juchy, near Cambray, twelve houses burnt at, 

X. 62 
Uulian the apostate, fdl through covetousness, i. 

Julius II. pope, by the assistance of the Ftoidi, 

gains Bologna, xii. 106 

■ , regains several places from the Vene^ 

tians, xii. 117 
^— i goes to war with the king of France, 



tians ajid Spaniards is defeated by th^ Fr^ticb 
tiear Kavenha, sii. 131 ... 

-^ , dies at Rome- in the ni«tfe y^a^'of his 

pontificate, 3di. 146. , ' ' ;' 

Justice and royalty, t $46; 

Juy, John de, the kccusfet of J[6£ttl CbuStaiii, Be- 
headed. X. ii^ 


■ r • • 

Kent, the earl of, killed at the battle of HaU«y, 

Kerennier, le, attaches himsdfta the king'is at^ftiy 
to dn%fe but the £ng]ish ^6m N orm^dfy ViiV 

Kiitely nf Thomas^ defeats the coutit *de CiiMr^ 
mont, vi. S22 . i 

•»—^» taken pKisomir by the Fnisch^ m^L 

rfh I n III fi 


* ■ ' ■ " ■ ** **<-,vis appointed governw (^ Cldtino^^ 

O&tle^ m 66 

— , takes Valognes, ix. 106 

'^^ * *'-^^ id defeated by tlie wuttt de CSieroibitir 

IX. 112 

I f 


Jjsigpfiy-jBur-'^IaFiie^ the bulwark at> is coiiquared 
by the English, vii. 76 ., 

-, tm doke pf ; Be^^^rd mar$l]^e& to £he 


' t 

aid of, vii. 83 
LaHirc made^HfiOn^^ v. ^9 
La Hire, Estienne de VignoUes, takes Louiriers, 

vi. 327 


La HSte, and othen overrun Artoii and Cambre^ 

818, vii. 145 
--^ ^ treadherou8ty makes the lord d'Atiflk«» 

mont a prisoner, vii. 177 

-, gains the castle of Breteuil, in the 

Beauvoidid, by storm^ vii. 182 
' ' 'J takes (he old fort of Amiens, vii« 193 

, he atid several others defeat the eaxlof 

Arundel, vii. 197 

-— ^ a truce is agreed on between him and 

the Burgandians, vu. 208 

overruns and forage the country of 

the duke of Burgundy dunng the con^rention 
at Arras, vii. 234 

-, conquers Gisoi^s, and loses it soon af- 

iefWards, Vii. 342 

— , is wounded at the siege of Calais^ vii. 

i*i I I* 


'■ ' , conquier^ the town and castle of Sois-^ 

sons, vii. 395 

— » , is nearly taking Rouen, but is de^ 

feated, viii. 11 . - 

•,* commits great waste ^ severad ^xmn-^ 

ties, vitf*33 

— — , is taken prisonefr, viii. 35 

— , is Iterated and goes to the king, viii.' 

^-^— — j ttiakds^ ^xctrfirfons into Germany, vittr 


, dies, v)ii» 942^ 


Lalain, sir James de, makes a» Inroad ta the W^ 

of Ghttit, i*. 240 

— , is slain befefre Pouleres, ix, 2«2 

JLallier, Michel^ hi» Wife Feveals the GMspiracy at 

Paris, iv. SO) 
JIjA Mothe, die towtt of, U^ takeii by eetmx by 

the bastard of Bourbon, viii. 177 


Lancelot, or Ladislaus> king of Najiles, invades 

Florence, ii. 103 
Lancelot de Lisle, sir, is slain at the siege of Or 

leans, vi. 239 
Laon, the French are defeated at, vii. 143 
La Reole, siege of, by Charles VII. viii. 340 
La Roche-Guyon, siege of, v. 112 
Laws have double meaning, L 268 . 
Lau, the lord du, arrested and imprisoned be* 
. cause in disguise, xi. 19 
-— , f aDs into disgrace with the king and 

is confined in the castle of Usson, xi. 52 
-, escapes, xi. 69 

Launoy, the lord de, receives many £sivours from 

king Louis XL x. 135 
Laurens du Puy, ordered to be arrested by the 

queen of France, and is drowned in attempting 

to escape, iv. 259 
Lectoure regained frcmi the count d'Arn:iagnac» 

xi. 147 

, burnt and razed to the ground, ib. 

Le Bourg castle, siege of, ix. 163 

Lej^r, Jcmn, put to death at Rouen, iv. 281 

Leigny les-Chastiniers castle destroyed by the duke 

of Burgundy, vL 396 
Lens, sir Charles de, arrested, iii. 2 1 3 
Leo X. pope, succeeds Julius II. xii. 1 42 
^ ^ sends Prbsperx) Colonna with a force 

to join the emperor Maximilian, xii. 177 

-, holds a conference with Francis I. at 

Boloena, xii. 195 
Lore, the lady Ambrose de, widow of sir Robert 

d^EstouteviUe, dies, xi, 64 
liboume taken by the French, ix. 30^ ^^ 
Liege, the bishop of, ejected for refusing to be 

consecrated aa a churchmaii^ i. 176 . 


liiege, die bishop of, takes arms againtt the 

Liegeois, i. 178 
■ — , mwy of the inhabitants of, beheaded 

and drowned, ii. 40 

*— — , meeting for settling the affiiirs of, ii. 4 4 

-, the town of, destroyed, xi. 78 

Liegeois, the, arm against the Hainaulters, i* 1 77 
-, resolve* to combat the duke of Bur- 

gundy and John of Bavaria, ii. 25, 26 

, surrender themselves to the dukes of 

Burgundy and Holland, ii. 88 

'J raise a large army, and invade Na* 

mur, vi. 352 

, peace between them and the duke of 

Burgundy, vii. 112 

', enter into an alliance with Louis XL 

against the duke of Burgundy and the count 
de Charolois, x. 268 

— , lay siege to the town of Luxembourg, 

, discomfited at Montenac, x. 285 

-, obtain a truce with the count deCha- 


rolois, X. 308 

-, recommence the war against the duke 

of Burgundy, x. 301 

-, besiege the town of Huys, proceed^ 

in^s of the duke against them, xi. 46 
liievm Nevelih, doctor, ambassador from the cok 

lege of cardinals to the duke of Burgundy, iv. 

Lignac, sir Philip de, endeavours to make peace 

between the duke of Berry and the king, iii. 

liigne, the lord de, in Hainault, taken priso&er 

at the battle of Azincourt, iv. 194 
Ligny ea Barrois, «ege of the town and castle 

of, V. 207 



lign^, the count de^ and otkeri^ keep the ip' 
pointed day at Villiers le Carbonnd^ vii, 141 

liho&S) invaded and pUkged, it. 23 i 

•—— — — , the English commit grtot depredations 
ati ^iii. 183 

I-indsay, silr Waiter, killed at the blittle o£ Ver- 
netU, vi.;94 

hiosi, a tzA^ one^ ketM:- by a gefttleman oi Att* 
vergne, escapes^ and do^ muai mischief; x. 803 

Ij'Istef Adaito, tiie lotd, submits to the doSsQ oi 
Burgundy, iv^ 332 

'' — ^ m and the lord de Croy lead s» ex- 

pedition toward the Auxerrois> v. 178 . 

*— — — — r, i> sent to garrison Jdigny, v. 224 

-, is reproved by Henry V, for looldng 

(haCt jHPDn&rch m th^ face, v. 224 

, is arreted hf orders of the duke of 

Exeter, v. 261 

> , is liberated, n, 9 
-, turns against the English, vii. 309 


"-, enters Paris, which submits to ^ 

kmg, viL 327 

— — ^ is slain at Bruges, viii. 18 . 

Ijiideux, the city of, is takeo by the €Ou&t de 

Dunois, ix. 17 
Lithuania^ the king o£i invades Prusiiayiix U^ 
Limbourg, duchy of y i. U 3 
LcHgny casde, taken by the seteschki of Poitol]^ 

Iwombards and GasconiS, teach their military hxMTses 

certain strange moveinents, ir. fiOS 
Lon<loil^.tb6 populaee of, rise agabcM: tik& hkog's 

officers, viii. 43 1 
{iiOBgtieval, Che l<Mpd de> ccfnq^eA the castik of 

Aumale, vi* 2S9 
^ — ^■'-r-, lums to'tht kisg'fc paiHy, iA. ftff- 

name d£ Louis %!. %h 108 
IiO^gUeWl^ J<^n d^s «eisses - the towns of Arleux 
and OeveGoeur for t^^e bastsurd c^ Butgundy, 
X. 1^26 ' . - - 

Lorrajine, tlie didse of^ with the I<^ds de jR:otxt 
and de Heilly, attack and defeat a par ty^ from 
BourgeB, iii.%62 ' 

Lorraine, the duke of, opposed the duke of Bur*- 
guojdy at Moi^t' in Swisserlandp and in the 
county of Romont, xi. QM -■ / 

, recovers the town of N'ancy, xi. ^8 

-,' destroys the Burgundism army, the 

hi' • "^»»i*«« 

duke of Burgundy slain, xi. 247, 252 
> ■ ■■ > , re-duces the duchy and county of Bur- 

gundy to the king, xli 25S 
Louis, the dauphin, is persuaded to join in a con-* 
spiracy against the governm^it of Chartes^^. 
viii. 190 

■ ■ > , return^ to the court to sedc pardon, 
, viii. 193 

-r,.'some of his men invade Burgundy, 

viii. 377 

l«ottis de Valois, dauphip of' France, takes refuge 
with duke Philip of Burgundy, ix. 383 

-, aecompanies the duke to Bruges/ inxd 

' ■ m* 1 .3 J 

is honourably received, ix. 402 

Louis XL cvowa^at'Rheiins,^x. 79 t — 
, makes his pubUc entry into PMs,'x« 

■^ takes leoiTiQ of the duke of But^^i^y 

and leaves Paris for Amboise, x. 85 

-, abolishes tii6 ^piragmatic santtipn^, ^. ^94 
-, grants succours to queen Marg^^ of 

1 11 ^ J .. I i , 

• ■ 

England, x. U9 
M . pn .1 urn f, ,giakigp a pvogfess^'iArragll his king=^ 
doQ) to exanune i:he st»tt^ ^ 4t; Xi kvp- ' * 


Louis XI« repurchases the towns on the Somne 

from the duke of Burgundy, x. 132 
■■'■ • , sxunmons the count de Saint Pol, and 
the lord de Genly to appear before him, x. 136 
, comes to Arras and Tournay, x. 153 
'y comes to H^din, entertained by the 
duke of Burgundy, x. 166 

-, summons deputies from the towns on 

the Soinme, to Rouen, x. 174 

•, appoints the count de Nevers gover- 

nor of EHcardy, and sends an embassy to the 
duke (tf Burgundy at Lille, x. 175 

*, orders Crevecoeur near Cambray to be. 

* taken possession of, x. 1 85 

'■ " • , his correspondence with the duke of 

Bourbon, respecting the flight of the duke of 
• Berry, x. 216 

> — 9 publishes other letters throughout bis 
realm, x. 219 

, advance of the army of the count de 

Charolois, x. 236, 241 

, resolves to combat him, defeated at 

Montlehery, x. 244, 25 1 

, sends the bishop of Paris to negotiate,. 

X. 257 

', leaves Paris for Rouen to recruit his 

army, x^ 261 

-, returns to Paris and procures a truce. 

X. 26S 

' — , forms an ^ance with the liegeois 
against the duke of Burgundy, and the count 
de Charolois, x. 268 

-, fneets the count de Charolois at Coh- 

flans, X. 276 
■- ■ ■ » establishes a treaty of peaces x. 286 
, royal edict respecting what he had 

codcmM to the county x. 290 

I \ 


13 present at a review of: the ccAint de 
Charolois' army, x. 298 

> goes into, and retakes possession o€ 

the duchy of Normandy, x. 304 

r-, orders some of the loids^ of that coun- 

- — » * 

try to be arrested and drowned, ±. 306 

, advances toward Angers to learn the 

in|:entioQs 6t his bi'Other's partisans, x. 377 

-, enters the Bourbonnois and takes 

many towns and castles, x. 380 

, lays siege to Riom in Auvergne, x. 386 

, comes to Paris after the battle of Mont* 

lehery, x. 390 

-, grants several favours to the inhabi- 

tants, X. S96 

-, nobles arrive firom Normandy to serve 

him against the confederates, x. 417 

, confirms the privileges of the Pari- 


sians and offers them new ones,xi. 2 
-, goes to Orleans, xi. 5 

, proceeds to Normandy, meets the duke 

of Brittany at Caen,, xi. 8 

■, recovers the duchy of Normandy 

from his brother, xi. 1 1 

— , sends ambassadors to England, xu 179 


— , issues an edict against the English, xi. 


-, sends commissioners to make reforms 

at Paris, xi. 24 

>, appoints certain lords for the guard 
and defence of his realm, xi. 28 

,g()es to Rouen ^ to meet ;die earl of 

Warwick^ xi. 32 

-, orders the Parisians to have banners 

fyr the req>ective trades and profiessionsr^- 




Louis XL muiten tbe baQaefs widtoiit ^ walk 

of Paris, xi. 42 
.^i., f ,. ^;,,., -, goes on a piigrimage ' on foot to St 

Denis, xi. 4* 

■ ^ ■■■ ■■' , ginQds letters to oboiish the pragmatic 

**9* - 

sanction, xi. 47 

, fiondudes a trace ivi(^ the comrt de 

Charcftois, in which the Liegedis ttei not In- 
cluded, xi. M 

-, sends commissioners to mfmsteif the 

banners, his army marches to <^)pose the Bre* 
tons between Mans and Alen^cm, xi. 56 

, consents to the assembly of the three 

(y ■ ' ' 

estates at Tours, xL 60 

, goes to Meaux, xi. 67 

, substance of what passed between him 

and the dukes of Berry and Brittany^ xi. 71 
-,x:ondude6 a peace with the dtds:e of 

Burgundy, xi. 72 

-, goes on a pilgrimage to Notre Dame 

of Halle, xi» 76 

., sen* -aUAefegime round Pais 

as a token of friendship to the count de Fmx, 
xi. 80 

•, receives the king and queen of Sicily, 

is reconciled to his brother, now duke of 
GuieQne, xi. 90 

, summons the ^van and rear van .to op- 

pose Edward king of England, xi. 94 

-, signs a peace with the duke of Brit- 

tany, xi. 101 

-, orders a thanksgiving for the delivery 

of Henry VI. king of England, xi, 106 

--^^ , his victories in Burgundy, isharolois 

and Picardy, xi. Il2 ? 

-, goes to Paris and Orieaa^ ^th th^ 



1 1 i ii J « 

duke of Guienne and others, ;si. 1 16 


Louis XL obtains indulgences for those who shall 
say Ave Maria three times, xi. 124 

— , sends commissioners to settle differ- 
ences with the duke of Burgundy, xi. 153 

-, marries his eldest daughter to the 

lord de Beaujeu, xi. 156 

-, discovers a plot for poisoning him. 

xi. 158 

-, his edicts respecting ^he gens d'armes 

and coin, xi. 160, 161 

-, an embassy arrives from the king of 

Arragon, xi, 164 

, reviews the Parisiaits, accompanied by 

■ I ii 

the Arragonian ambassadors, xi. 165 

-, agrees to a truce with the duke of 

Burgundy, xi.. 169 

-, sends a large army to conquer Arra- 

gon, xi. 170 

-, receives a summons from king Ed- 

ward to restore to him the duchies of Guienne 
and Normandy, xi. 174 

, good news from the army of Arragon, 

xi. 176 

-, orders troops into the territories of 

the duke of Burgundy to retaliate the damages 
done in contempt of the tnice, xi. 1 79 

-, concludes an alliahce with the emperor 

of Germany, ambassadors from Florence and 
the emperor, xi. 183 

-, his prudent acts, takes Tronquoy, 

'Mondidier and other places from the Bur- 
gundians, xi, 184, 185 

— ■■ ■ ', gives notice of the arrival of the 
EngUsh at Calais, and orders his vassals to be 
in readiness, xi. 1 93 

■, goes to Pecquigny, to hold a confer- 
ence with the king of England, xi. 195 
VOL. XII. y 


ILpuis XL agrees to a truce, pays king Edward 
seventy-five thousand crowns, and promises 
an annual pension of fifty thousand, xi. 197, 
198 . 

•^■- -, concludes a truce with the. duke of 

Burgundy, xi. 201 

-, his conversation with the count de. 

Roussy, xi. 207 

-I— , ocders a council^ and establishes cer- 

tain taxes, xi. 223 

-, meets the king of Sicily at Lyon, 

ransoncis queen Margaret of England, xi. 232 

r^ makes several pilgrimages, xi. 237 

', informed of the death of the duke of 

Burgundy, he makes a pilgrimage of devotion> 
xi. 255 

•, reduces Arras, Hedin, and other town^ 

and countries which the duke had usurped in 
France, xii^ 256 

-, summons his parliament from Paris 

to Noyon to try the duke of Nemours, xi. 262 
, on his return from Picardy. sets at li- 

berty the prisoners confined in the Chatelet, 
xi. 27» 

— , has twelve great bombards madey xi. 


-, his troops gain the town of . Conde 

from the Burgundians, xi. 291 

-, amused and deceived by the duke of 

Austria, xi. 297 

-, holds a council at Orleans for recover- 

ing the pragmatic sanction, xi. 301 

, forms aipi alliance with the. king of 

Castille, xi. 303 

-, his preparations for war with Austpa^ 

xi, 309 


Louis XT* Sttvertl toWns W Burgtfftdy i*|i4u{5ttl^i 
his obedience, %i. Sll"- •■ • ■ '• '''•■•'•' 

•'— — — ^j fthibassadttw 4fti*e at IVisftOIH Spain, 
XI. 312 

, defeats the duke^ of Atiittfla near TlTP* 

> <■ X 

rouenne, xi. ^14 

, his ttotyps are stgaiti suC:(ie3sfurahd"gaiff 

sevetitrfen towns, iiS. 31 

, an embassy from England, he issties a 

commission aglhist the dtrke of Boufboii, mV 
409 . * 

', c6ncludes a trilcie with the "duke of 

Austria, xi. 320 . '■' 

— , sets cardinal BaHne 2lt liberty; xi.'3Z3 ' 

, subsidizes a bddy of Swiss in lieu! "of 

the franc-archets, ih' 

m —.forms a camp between Pont lie TAfche 

and^Pont St Pierre, si S26 "' '"'^ 

— -^, recovers from a severe illness aiid' per- 
forms certain pilgi*ittia:ge^, dtdti^^ which he 
visits the dauphin, xi. SSp . 

'■ " ^ , receives an driibassy Irtiiti IPtaruJers at 
Clery,xi.335' ^ . /u;u vJ ^-31;: ., 

-, again taken ill, visits his son at Ain 

boise and recommends to firm OEK^Sr^lTlJaim, 
xi. 340 . '' ' 

^ --^*-*, itiaCkes peace -with t}iPfilr£ings. ,:^.' 

— • — ^, sends for the h6ly ishpifffl. from TKe." 
church of St Remy at! Khefn«^^£n fs^ T^ 

^ — — «— -, his devout d^Mh attd:6iSffikl;;:Jn%e^ 

church of our Lady atClery, xi 354/' '^ ., 
JjtStAs Xli: 'diike of dfcleaS'g,; Cofisectaf^d kiftg cJf 
France at Rhehns, Hit 41' " ' '^' 

-— ^- ; sends^ aii army to recpv^f the TS/lAiJ 

iiese, xn.4^ 



Louis Xn. tends troops to reconquer Nicies 
which in a short time is won, xii. 73 


and land, xii. 77 

— , goes to Lombardy and makes nis 

public entry into Genoa, xii. 79 

y taken with a serious illness, xii. 101 

-, orders a large force to join the popCy 

xii. 107 

-, defeats the Venetians at Agnadello, 


*— makes a triumnhant entry into Milan, 

xii. 116 

-, goes to war with the pope on account 

,of the duke of Ferrara, ^ii. 121 

-, victory of the duke of Nemours near 

to Ravenna, xii. 129 

, sends succours to the king of Navarre, 

xii. 144 ^ 

-, his army defeated by the Swiss at No^ 

vara, xii. 148 

, r-, a body of his troops attacked and put 

to flight by the Engfish and Hainaulters, xii. 


^. makes peace with the Venetians, xii. 


, i_.^.tBarries Mary, sister to Henry VIII. 

of England, xii. 164 

his death and interment, xii. 1 69 

Louvroy, siege of, v. 325 

Louvain, Pierre, murdered by sir Raoul de Flavy, 

X. 163 
Ix)vecte, iTiomas, a monk of the temple at Pans, 

murdered by one of his brethren, xi. 36 
Louviers, the town of, surrenders to the duke 

of Bourbon for I^uis XL xi. 1 1 


Louviers, Charles de, cup-bearer to Louis XI. 

wins the prize at a tournament atParis, xi. 67 
Lucca, reception of Charles VUI. at, xi. 410 
Lucifer, account of his rebellion in heaven, i. 246 
Lupus, a Hussite-heretic, is slain in Boheniia, viL 

Lus»gnan, John de, succeeds to the kingdom of 

Cyprus, vii. 82 
Luxembourg, sir John de, made governor of 

Arras, iv.41 

, attacks the town of Hanmie, ib. 

, marries Joan of Bethune, v. 59 

, , sends six hundred combatants to, meet 

his brother in the county of Brienne, v. 85 

-, assembles a large body of men at 

Arras, and leads them before Roye, v. 152 

-, makes an excurdon with his whole 

force toward Alibaudieres, v, 1 72, 1 74 

, is blinded in one eye during the siege. 

and puts an end to the attack, v. 176 

:, witnesses a deed of arms against six 

champions of the Dauphinois, v. 28 1 

-, disbands his forces, and retires to his 

castle of Beaurevoir, v. 312 

-, waits on Henry V. to solicit the li- 

berty of his brother the count de Conversan, 
v. 318 

', conquers the fortresses of Quesnoy, 

Louvroy, and Hericourt, v. 323 

— , takes Oysi in Tierrache, in. 74 

■■ , besieges the church of Broisd, ib. 

, besieges the casde of Wiege, vi. 76 

-, he lays in ambush, in which Poton de 

Saintrailles is made prisoner, vi. 77 
■ ■ - y besieges the town of Guise, vi. 79 


Luxembourg, sir John de, besieges Beaumont in 
" Argonn^, vi. 224 

s takes cp|mnand of the siege of Com- 

m' " • M 

• piegne, vi. 3B6 

.t-f-r: rfi^ febnie captains attached to him surprise 

the castle of St Martin, vii. 1 
! *■ ' I o' ^y -marches into Ghai^pagne , against the 

French, vii. 57 
i« — FT-f, — T, Jie is joine;4 hyi the earl of Warwi(;Vs 
son and others, vii. 56 

■^j reconquers the castle of Haphincourt, 

vii. 1S9 
pjjim > ,' . . , refuses to join the duke of Burgundy 

against the English, till he is discharged of 
.. Im.oath to the English,: viii. 53 

-r^,^efids letters to the knights of the 

L. ' l. 'l V 

Golden Fleece, viii. 139 

, sends letters to exculpate himself to 

the great council of the duke of Burgundy, 
viii. 161 

, dies, viii. 247, 250 

i ll" ' . 'I' l; J 

Luxembourg, Louis de, marries Joan pf Bar^ vii. 

• 2iS '■ , . - • , . 

— , count de St Pd, his men rob the 

king's servants as they were conducting war- 
like stores to" Tour nay, viii. 260 

-, makes reparation for the injury done 

to the king, viii. 264 

-, he and the count of Eu, t^ik^ the 

new castle of Nicrops, ix. iJ4 
Luxembourg, Louis, the constable,, his treacheryt 

xi. 188 
-^. .-T, is delivered by the duke of Burgundy 

to the king's officers, and carried prisoner to 

the bastile, xi. 205 

, his trial and execution, xL ^11, 212 

, a short epitaph on him, xi. 219 


Luxembourg, the duchy of, is reduced to obe- 
dience to the duke of Burgundy, xi. 364, 375 

Lyon^ various processions at, occasioned by the 
mortality of the season, xii. 198 

Lyonnet de BournouviUe, v. 83 

Lyons, the inhabitants of, rebel, viii, 9 
■ ' , council of, viii. 415 

Maestricht, the town of, surrenders to John of 

Bavaria, i. 181 

, siege of, ii. 24 

Mahomet XL See Morbesan. 

Maillotin de Bours combats sir Hector de Havy 

at Arras, vii. 5 
Mailly castle is besieged by the king's army, viii. 

345 ; ^ ^ 

Mailly, sir Robinet de, is suffocated in a bog 

while attending the duke of Burgundy, v. 169 
Malatesta, the lord, makes a proposition for the 

removal of the council of Pisa, ii. 95 
Malefactors, three, two men and a woman, are 

hung for various enormlous crimes in Paris, 

viii. 434 
Malcolm Tleming. See David de Combrebant. 
Malmaison casde taken by sir John Blondel, vi. 

• ^ it is surrendered by sir John Blondel, 

vi. 209 
Manniel, Gauvain, lieutenant-general of the ba^« 

liff of Rouen, beheaded, xi. 16 
Mansart du Bos, sir, ii. 269 

',. beheaded, ii. 351 

-—«■ ^ — •, his head and body restored and in- 
terred, Ui. 1 36 



Mans, St Julian, siege of, vi. 165 

Mans, siege of, viii. 419 

Mantes, summoned to surrender to the kii^ of 

France, ix. 18 
Marchant, Andrieu, appbinted provost of Fans, 

m. 243 
Marche, de la, count, defeated at Yeure-la-Ville, 

m. 5 
, goes into Italy, and marries Johanna 

queen of Naples, iv. 199 
Mar^ts, Charles des, is appointed, governor of 

Dieppe, vii. 303 
Margaret, the duchess, heiress of Flanders, i. 112 

, dies, i. 120 

Margaret, queen of England, defeated by Ed- 

ward earl of Marche, seeks aid from the Scots, 

X. 57 ' 

-, goe9 to France, to require aid of her 

■*— ^ 

cousin german the king, x. 98 

-, her hard fortune, and singular adven- 

ture with a robber, x 1 25 

', holds a conference with the duke ci 

Burgundy, x. 126 

-, visits Louis XI. with her son the 

prince of Wales, xi. 99 

— , her honourable reception at Paris, xi. 


, the victory of king Edward and death 

of her son, xi. 115 

-, is ransomed' by the king of France, 

xi. 233 
Marignano, the battle of, between the Swiss and 

Francis L xii. 183, 186 
Mark, sir William de la, levies a war against the 

bi^hc^ of Liege and kills him, xi. 357 
Marie, Henry de, fearful of arrest, promises to 

pay a large sum to the king, iii. 1 3 1 


Marie, the count, is slain at the battle of Aain-^ 

court, iv. 185 
Made, siege of, viii. 263 
Marmonde, the town of, admits Charles VIL 

viii. 340 
Martdet, sir du Mesnil, taken prisoner by the 

duke of Burgundy, iv. 211 

■ , is tortured and hung, iv. 212 
Martin, khig of Arragon, i. 95 
Martin, pope, iv. 87 
— , is elected head of the church by the 

council of Constance, iv. 299 

-, adjourns the council of Constance, 

V. 28 

—, sends a croisade agsunst Bohemia, v. 


-, &ends his bull to John duke of Bra-* 

bant, vi. 144 

', declares the marriage between the duke 

of Glocester and Jacquiline duchess of Bavaria, 

void, vi. 197 
Mary of Anjou, dowager queen of France, dies, 

X. 136 - 
Mary, dowager countess of Blois, i. 160 
Mary, the princess, sister to Henry VIII. of Eng- 
land is married to Louis Xn. xii. 164 
, makes her public entry into Paris, xii. 

Massa, a burgh and castle, visited by Charles 

Vni. in his march through Italy, xi. 409 
Mathagon, captain, lays siege to St Severin, vii. 

Matthew, count de Foix, i. 1 1 8 
Matthew, bastard of Bourbon, made prisoner sit 

Foronuovb, xii. 29 
Maucour, the lord de, beheaded by orders of 

Henry VL vi. 96 


Maufroy, sir, det St Leger; and the baatard de St 
Pol lead an army into Barrois^ vi. 107 

Maugu^, John^ killed at Pari^ by the bursting of 
a bombard, xi. 305 

Mauleon casde taken by the' count de Foix^ ix. 

Mauroy, sir, de St Leger, takes the castle of 
Chaulnes, iv. 230 

— ^ , in conjunction with Jean d'Aubigny,' 

invades and pillages Lihon, iv. 231 
Maximilian, duke of Austria, sends ambassadors 
to Louis XL xL 296 

; defeated near Therouenne, xi. 314 
-, concludes a truce, xi. 320 
-, seizes the town of Arras, xi. 375 
m — , concludes a peace with Charles VIII. 

xi. 377 
Maximilian, the emperor, joins the league of Cam- 
bray, xii. 112 

— , assembles a large army to attempt the 

conquest of the Milanese, and drive the French 
from Italy, xii. 198 

, marches away from Milan, xiL 202 



Meaux, siege of, v. 305 

' ■ ■ , is stormed, v. 320 

— , surrenders, v. 344 

Medici, Guiliano de, assassinated by the Pazzi at 
Florence, xi. 272 

»■ , Lorenzo de, wounded, xi. 273 

-^, Pietro de, places himself under the 

protection of Charles VIII. xi. 408 
Mello, sir John de, a Spanish knight, combats 

the lord de Chargny, vii. 223 
■ ' ' !.> ■ ' » bis dress during the combat^ vii. 286 

, fought with his vizor up, vii. 228 

Meluii, dege of» v. 208 ... 


Mdun, surrender of the town and castle of, t, 


Menau, sir Pierre de, beheaded, iv. 33 

Mercq castle besieged, i. 126 

, the French totally defeated at, i. 129 

Merville, the lord de, taken prisoner and hanged 
by the Burgundians and Bretons, xi. 6a 

Metz, siege of, viii. 392 

— ' , treaty of, viii. 396 

Meulan, the bridge of, is besieged by the Eng- 
lish, viL 301 

Meur de Ch^tel, an assembly held at, respecting 
the murder of the duke of Orleans, ii, 157 

Mezieres, sir Philip de, i. 404 

Milan, duke of, makes the kings of Arragon and 
Navarre prisoners, vii. 227 

, yields up to his nephew, the duke of 

Orleans, the county of Asti, viii. 418 
', assassinated, xi. 244 

Milan, taken by the French, xii. 45 

' , retaken by the duke Ludovico Sforaa, 

xii. 46 

-, the inhabitants are bribed into subjec- 

tion, xii. 53 

-, taken possession of by the Swiss on the 

'■ ^ " 

departure of the French from Italy, xii. 138 
Melun, Charles de, beheaded for suflferitig the 

escape of thp lord du Lau, xi 69, 70 
Mirandola restored to John Franciscus Picus, xii. 

Miramoiint, the- lord de, ii. 27 * 
Miraumont, village of, iv.;42 
Moerbeke, tte Ghent paten are defeated at, ix. 324 
^ohammedisoi, origin of, i. 241 : 
Monchas castle in Nc^mandy is takea by th« 

French, vii. 88 i , . . 
— , siege of, vii. 84 



Monk of St Denis's account of the murder of the 

duke of Orleans, i. 201 
Monster, a gijrl born at Verona, with one head, 

two feet and four arms, xi. 275 
Mons, in Vimeu, rencountre at, v. 290 

' ■ , names of the principal lords who had 

accompanied and remained with the duke of 

Burgundy, and of the principal Dauphinois, v. 

Montagu, Charles de, marries Catherine d' Albert, 

U. 118 
Montagu, Gerard de, consecrated bishop of Patis, 

u. 116 
Montagu, grand master of the king's household, 

sent to confer with the duke of Burgundy, ii. 


— »— , is arrested, ii. 129 

— — , beheaded, ii. 131 

, his hotel and furniture given to the 

count of Hainault, ii. 132 

-, his body is taken from the gibbet and 

joined to the head to be decently interred, iii. 

Montagu, the lord de', narrowly escapes with his 
life during the murder of the duke o£ Bur- 
gundy, V. 122 - 

'^— , refuses to deliver np the castle of 

Montereau to the dauphin, v. 128 

•, writes letters to several of the princi* 

pal towns of France respecting the murder of 

the duke of Burgundy, v. 1 37 
Montagu, the lord de, aBurgundian^ concludes ^ 

treaty with La Hire, vi. 107 
Montaigu, the fortress of, is destroyed by orders 

of the duke of Burgundy, viii. 276 
Mont-Aquibn, siege o^ vi. 39 


Montargis and Chevreuse, the towns and castles 

of, submit to Charles VII. viii. 98 
Montargis, siege of, vi. 109 
Montauban, the lord de, admiral of France, dies^ 

xi. 21 
Montereau-faut-Yonne, is besieged by Charles 

Vn. and reconquered, viii, 27, 28 
Montenay, sir James, seizes sir James de Mons« 

trade, with a design to stab him, i. 100 
Mont-Epiloy, a party of English defeated near, 

V. 239 
Montferrat, the marchioness of and her son place 

themselves under the protection of Charles 

VIII. xi. 402 

IVlpntgardin, sir Baldwin de, taken prisoner by 

the duke of Burgundy, ii. 35 
Mont-Guyon, is besieged by the count de Dunois, 

ix. 1.59 
Mohdehery, siege of, iv. 344« v. 50 

i- — , battle of, X. 244, ^53 

— — — — , various accounts oif reported in various 

places, X. 264 
— , recapitulation and further description 

of the battle, x. 359 • 

, other particulars not mentioned by 

Monstrelet, x. 406 

Morbesan, Mahomet n. besieges and (Captures 
Constantinople, ix. 314 ^ 

y plan for resisting him, ix. 331 

: , sends letters to the pope, ix. 335 • 

Morbesan, emperor of the Turks, besieges Bel- 
grade, ix. 377 

Moreau, Kerre, attaches himself to the Ghent 
men, ix. 254 

— , makes an attack on Dendermonde, ib. 

Moreuil, siege of, yiii 1 56 

Mortaigm, damsel of, judgment given a^^jons^, 

ix. 343 ' . _ 

Mortain, count de, dies of a dysentery, liL 77 
IVlortain, siege of, ix. 16 
Mory, Laurence de, hanged for high trea^toy for 

havii^g favoured the BurgOfidlailSy k. 392 
Moses, justified in slaying the tyrannical Egyp- 
tian, i. 271 
Maulevrier, the count of, seneschal of Normandy, 

murdef s his wife and his huntsman for adul* 

tery, xi. 233 
Monk, the Little, attempts to gain the castle of 

St Angelo at Rome, vii. 102 
- ■■ , is detected and executed, vii. 104 

Moy, the tord de, the men of, lose the castte.of 

RouUet, viii. 109 ^ 
Moyenhes, the castle of, besieged, ii« 34S 

^ siege of, vi. 175, 196 • ' 

Murder, forbidden by ^very law, i. 265- 
Murray, earl of, killed at Verneuil, vi- ^$ 
Mussi-rEveque, siege of, vii^ 127 




Namur, the count de, dies, aiid makes the duke 

of B|U|gUB>dy \ii% heir, vi. 246 

— , is invaded by the Liegiaoisv yi^ 352 

Naples, triumphant entry of Charles VIIL into» 

xii. 1 , r 
-— : — •, attack and capture cf the Castel Nu- 

ovo and the Castel del Ovo, xii. 2, 4 
Navarre, Louis,, king of, and oth^r princes of 

the blood, resolve to reform the management 

of the royal finances, ii. 127. 

, makes propositions to the king rete^ 


tive to his majesty's ministers, ii. 194 


Navarre, Lcmis, lan^ of, is made prisoner by the 
duke of Milan^ vii. 237 , ) 

: ■ " ' , demands sacQour of the king of Franee^ 
against the king of Arragon, xii* 14i3 
'y dies, xii. 205 

Neapolitans, the, rebel against their - king, and- 

take the queen prisonar, iv, 257 . 
Neelle, the inhabitants of, resign the keys to the 

duke of Burgundy, and swear affiance to the 

king, ii. 1195 

■ , storming of the castle of, iv. 234 

, the lands of, are overrun by the 

French, viii. 198 
Negotiations relative to the resignations of popes 

Gregory and Bencfdict, i. 182, 187 
Nemours, the duke of, is made prisoner at Car* 

lat, in the king's name> xi. 266 
. , found guilty; of high treason and be- 
headed, xL 267 . • ■ * 
Nemours, Gaston de Fob?, created duke of, xii. 

118 . , ^^. - 

-*--T^ /besieges Bokgna* xii. 122 

, takes Brescia with . great afaui^ter, 

xli. 125 . ,:r .^ : - 

..■r^ , defeats the united armies of the pope, 

the Venetians, and' tlhe) Spaniards, but i& hwor^. 

self killed, xii. 129 t: / . 
Nevers, John , count of, i. 1 1 3 ^ a. t .. 
Nevers, Philip, cOunt de, bis marriage with the 

damsel of Coucy, ii. 79 '^ . I . ^ 

— ^ ■ » brother to the duli^ of Bor^imtiy^'slain 

at the battle of Azincourt, iv. 1 85 

^. appointed goyernor of Ficaridy, x. 1 75 

— — — , issues proclamations for .the king, 
tbroo^out the provinces of his lieutenancy, 
X. 221 : > . 


Nevers, couM de, endeavours at a reconciliatioa 

with the count de Charolois, x. 228 
-«———, made prisoner in the castle of- Pe- 

. ronne, x. 282 
Nicholas V. elected pope, ix. 411 

, marries the emperor of Germany to 

the daughter of the king of Portugal ix. 190 
-, sends a legate to France respiting 

peace, ix. 191 

., notifies to the duke of Burgundy a 

croisade against the Turks, ix. 289 
-, dies, ix. 349 

Nicosia, is plundered by the Saracens, yi. 189 

Nicrops castle, siege of, ix. 33 

Nieneve, is fortified by the Ghent men, ix. 2 1 5 

Noelle, besieged by the English, vi. 41 

Nogent, surrenders to the count de St Pol, ix. 7 

Nouaille, the. lord de, murdered, v. 174 

Normandy, the whole duchy of, is reduced to 

. ' obedience to Charles VII. ix. 14 1 

J extent of, ib. 

, the common people of, rise against 

. the English garrison, vii. 178 

-, they assemble in large bodies before 

Caen, viL 191 

Northumberland, earl of, his unsuccessful appli- 
cation to the king of France against the king 
of England, i. 164 

Notre Dame, church of, solemnities at, x. 282 

Norwich, bishop of, iv. 145 

Nove, Patul di, doge of Genoa, beheaded, xii. 

Noyara, the town and castle of, surrender to 
Francis I. xii. 181 

Noyelle, the lordde, tsdcen prisoner at the battle 
of Azincourt, iv. 194 



Koyon^ tbe parliament summoned to, to try the 
duke of NemoufB, xi. 262 

Nuys^ a - town , near Cologne* besieged by the. 
duke of Burgundy, xi. 172 

r- — I , relieved by the QermaoB from Co- 
logne, xi. 178 

Octavian, the emperor, anecdote of j. 35 J 
Odart de- Remy, is loikd at the siege of Lagny, 

vii. 87 
OfiemoUt, the lord de, enters St Riquier, v. i7p 
, is made prisoner by the English, v. 

Oliver de Blois, count of Penthievre, marries Isa- 
bella, daughter of the duke of Burgundy^ i« 

165 \ 

Olivier le Daim, his infamous character from Co* 
- tnin?Si» xi. 2jB2 note. 

^, hanged at Paris, xi. 360 

Otteh^ing» tor4 d^t advocate of the duke of Bur* 

gundy, ii. 72 

»,;diftpu!te8 with the chancdlor. of France, 

iii., 133 

— , is thrust out of the .council chamber. 


^lU. 134 

Opiterge, a youth martyred there by th^ Jews, 

Ofm^ the isl$ind ot, discoveries of the Eartu- 

guese on, xii. 120 
Orange, the prince of, is conquered by. ih^ 

French, vi. 370 . 
, restore^.tp liberty by Louis XI, with* 

,^ut ridsonj, xi# 482 . . 

VOL. XU. ^ 


Orange, the prince of, his troo[>8 defeated ia 
Burgundy by the lord de Craon, xi. 265 

— ~ — r— , his" deva£ttations in Burgundy, xi. 279 

Orchimont, the town and castle of, are destroyed 
by Everard de la Marche^ vii, 340 

Orfevre, John 1*, president of Luxembourg, pleadsi 
before the king for the duke d*Alen9on, x. 3 

Crgemont, lord de, John, bishop of Paris, death 
of, ii. 115 

Oriole, a Gascon captain and his lieutenant, be- 
headed at Tours, xi. 807 

Orleans, Louis, duke of, takes possession of the 
duchy of Luxembourg, i. 43 

-^ , sends a challenge to Henry, king of 

England, i. 55 

, his second letter to the king of Eng- 
land, in reply, i. 67 

-, is commissioned to rienionstrate with 

the pope on the necessity of union in the 
church, i. 1 1 6 

-, defeated in his attempt to carry t)ff the 

dauphin of France, i. 138 

-, sends an immense force into Paris^, 

i. 149 

-, publishes circular letters throughout 

France, concerning the defamations of the duke 
of Burgundy, L 151 

-, reconciled to the duke of Burgundy, 

i; 155 

, bedeges Blayeand Le Bourg, i. 168 

-, is presented with the duchy of Acqui- 

tsunie, L 1 88 

-, is assassinated at Paris, i. 192, 193 

-, mourning, and order of the proces- 
sion at bis funeral, i. 196, 197 

-, exertions made to discover his mur* 

derers, i. i96 




Oriesins, Louis, duke of, charged \srith covetous* 
ness, i.286 

— , charged with having committed high 

treason against the king, i. 287 

— -, devised the death of the king by sor- 
cery, i. 288 

•, contracted illegal alliances, i. 290 

— , offended the king in the person of the 

queen, i. 293 

— ^ devised the death of the dauphin by 

poison, i. 296 

— , guilty of high treason by false repre« 

sentations to the pope, i. 297 
*-; , treasonably offended against the pub- 
lic welfare, i. 298 

, reply to the charges against, i. 333 

-, his character as delineated by the du- 

chess dowager, i. 348 

-, cleared from the charge of tyranny. 

i. 367 

cleared fr6m the charge of witchcraft 

i. 390 

— , did much service to the church, i. 393 

" — , gave no aid to the schism, i. 394 

, the king of France has solemn obse* 

quies performed for him, i v. 92 
Orleans, Charles, duke of, son of the murdered 
duke, sends letters to the king against the duke 
of Burgundy and his party, li. 225 

, several of his captaips assemble an 
army, ii. 235 

, writes again to the king, ii. 236 


, is taken prboner at the battle of Azin- 

court, iv. 194 

— , is brought to Calais during a meetbg 

respecting peace, viii. 218 

- > IS conveyed back to England, viii* 219 



* * T 

Orleans, Charles, duke of, obtains his liberty by 
means of the duke of Burgundy, Viii;'226 

■ , marries the lady of Cleves, viii. 231 

, leaves Bruges With his duchess, vni. 


-, is not permitted to see the kiAg on his 

release, viii. 349 

s returns to the duke of Burgutidy from 

France, viii. 403 
^4 — ■ , receives from the hands of the duke of 

Milan, the county of Asti, viii. 418 
•, dies> X. 18Y 

Orleans . faction assemble in large numbers near 
- Paris, ii. 190 
r-y application is made to them by the 

king and the university of Paris to disband 

their army, ii. 190, 191 

— , plunder the countiy round Pari^, ii. 


— , condemned to death by the king, ii. 


— , peace between them and the king. 


-, the natives of Psiris take up arms 

against, ii. 278 

— : , enter the town of Roye by fraudy ii. 

«. - • • 


— i overrun the cbtmtry of Bui'gundy, ii. 


— ^^-^, return toward Paris,* ii; 305 

, proclamations issued against, ii; 3(39 

-. , are declared rebels and traitors, ii. 515 

— '- , are sentenced to banishment and €x- 

• . • 

mm I »i 

commumcation, ii. 319 

, assemble their whole army at St DiSfils, 

and forage, ii. 323 

» • ^ 

V . \ 


Oriean^ faction retire to theif respetii^f e CQuiitiies 

to reinforce thcjir armies, ii. S32 
, many of their adherents executed, ii. 

.334 • . • 

, reduced to great distress, ii. 346 

— "— , many of them perish in prison, ii. 351 

f , are harrassed by the king of France on 

. thie frofitiers. iii. I 

• , send an embassy to Engbdid* iii. IS 

•i- — "^ — - their £imba8sa4ors attacked and dc- 

: fe^tefl, iii. 14 

, their intercepted letters to England, ib. 

•y insult and abuse the Burgiindians bfe 

foir/o BourgeSy iii. 57 

-, behave treacherously, and attempt the 

life of. the duke of Burgundy n^iar BourgeB, 
iii. 58 

-, harrass the king's forageiis, iiL jSl ) 

'■> T " 

— , their meeting for peace ueir fiiourges, 
iii. 70, 71 

-, treaty of peaiCe between them and the 

king, iii. 73 

■ , axe in iavour at Paris, Ui. 216* 833 ^ 
, effectually goyern the king ind the 

' m ft. J 

duke of Acquitaine, iv. &7 

, are routed and dispersed at Paris, v. 1 3 

, several are cruelly put to death by the 

Parisians, v. 21 
Orleans, duchess of, complains to the king of the 

murder of her husband, i. 207 
, details the manner in which the duke 

was murdered^ L 208 

-, again copiplains of themyrder of the 

duke, i. 331 

-, conclusion of her defence of the cha- 

racter of the duke, ii. 1 

y reply to, by the chancellor, ii, 1 5 


Orleans, duchess of, dies broken-hearted, li. 67 
Orleans, town of, is besieged by the earl of Sialii$* 

bury, vi, 234 
y the siege is raised by the maid Joan, 

vi. 264 

, inhabitants of, send supplies to Beau- 


vais, xi. 32S 

-, the duke of, his gallant conduct at 

Genoa, xi. 397, 898 
Ormond, John, governor of Vernon, insults the 

king of France by sending him old keys, ix* 

Orsay castle, siege of, vi. 40 
Orvsd, the lord of, defeats the men of Bordeaux, 

ix. 154 
Oudenarde, is besieged by the Ghent men, ix. 

Ourse, wife to Coppin de la Viefville, suspected of 

having hastened the death of the duchess of 

Burgundy, v. 380 
Ovidianus, (probably Huniades) defends Belgrade 

against the Turks, ix. 378 
Owen Glendower, prince of Wales, assisted by 

the French against the English, i. 104 
Oye, the town of, is taken by the Burgundians, 

vii. 857 


Pageants, given by the count dc Foix to the court, 

at Tours, ix.412 
Rdeologus, Manuel, emperor of Constantinople, 

departs from Paris for England, L 39 

- , account of his reason for coming to 

England, i. 40 


Palis^ one of the duke of Burgundy*^ heralds, 

sent to the king during the duke's encampment 

at Mont-Chastillon, iv. 344 
Paoul, master Peter, ii, 1 7 
Pardons, great, granted at Rome, i. 38 
Psffis, the university of, quarrels with sir Charles 

de l&avoisy, i. 9 1 
, the inhabitants of, arm themselves 

against the duke of Orleans, i. 154 

-, the inhabitants of, allowed to wear 

arms, i. 160 

— , the bishop of, retires to Savoy, ii. 1 36 

, great distress in, for want of .provi- 

sions, ii. 193 

', the inhabitants of, arm against the 

Orleans factions, ii. 197 

-, the butchers of, enjoy greater power 

and privileges than any other trade, ii. 277 

-, the natives take up arms against the 

Armagnacs, ii. 278 

-, the inhabitants send an embassy to the 

young king Henry VI. of England, and to 
his ministers, vi. 1 3 

, regains its former privileges, iii. 8 

-, the inhabitants request the king not to 

make any treaty of peace without their being 
personally named, iii. 40 

-, the university of, make a report oi^ 

the abuses in government, iii. 98 

-, university of, advises the king rela- 

tive to the abuses in his government, iii. 122 
•, the inhabitants of, demand the per- 

sons of certain traitors, iii. 146 * 

-, the bishop of, assembles a body of 

theologians, concerning the speech of master 
John Petit, iii. 279 


F^aris, the chains are taken away from the streets^ 
iv. 1 

- — ■ , the inhabitants are kept in great sub- 
jection, iv. 2 

•, the bishop of, sefids to know whether 

the duke of Burgundy would avow the senti- 
Bfients uttered in the speech of master John 
Petit, iv. 14 

, the inhabitants and members of the 

university wait on the duke of Acqtritatne to 
propose measures of public safety, iv. 205 

•, strongly defended by the count d*Ar- 

magnac, iv. 207 

j a conspiracy at, iv. 848 

-5 is ts^en by the duke of Burgundy, 

V. 7 

-, the commonalty of, put to death their 

prisoners, v. 20, 41 

-^, an ejMdemical disorder rages at, v. 46 

•, six thousand of the conmionalty^ sent 

to the siege of Montlehery, v. 60* 

-, the inhabitants renew their o^ths. 

and vow revenge against the murderers of the 

duke of Burgundy, v. 158 

— ~ — 5 is attad5;ed by Charies VII. vi. 305 

,* id reduced to the obediei^ce of Charles 

Vn. vii. 324 

-, various regulations^ in, x. 885,-^8 

, beset by the Burgundians and Bre- , 

tons, X. 401, 423-, 426, 433 

>' several officers of the city displaced^ 

xi. 220 

a ihan punished for forging the kirig's 

signet, XI. S63 

,• several pefrsons hanged for having as- 

sassinated the son of the public ex^ctarticter, xi. 


Lris^ the statues ci St Louitf and St Charlemagne 
removed, xi. 279, 280 

-, great entertainments ar^ given, on the 

m « 

king's return from Kcardy, xi. 289 

-, a great bombard on trial bursts and 


kills many people, xi. SOS 

, a severe/rost, xi. 323, 324 

-, many persons die of incurable disor* 

ders, xi. 333 

-, the steeple of St Genevieve burnt by 

lightning, xi. 351 

il on the accession of Charles 

Vm. xi, 362 

-*, order of Magdalens established, xi. 


T, the bridere of Notre Dame 

with a heavy loss, xiL 45 

-, an extraordinary heretic punished at. 

xii. 85 

-, a great mortality at, from theunwhole- 

*— -* 

someness df the season, xii. 100 

-, tilts performed in celebration of the 
marriage of Louis XIL with the princess Mary 
of England, xii. 168 

many persons of both sexes lose their 

senses at the bean season, xi. 22 

-, violent quarrel of the ps^es and clerks 

of the palace, xi. 25 

, the queen most honourably received. 

xi 39 

-, tournaments, xi. 67 

, alliance of France and Spain [nroclaim- 

ed, xL 91 . ^ 

■y different edicts published, succours sent 

to Beauvais, xi. 132 

> the Pacisaans mi»tered and reviewed. 

xi. 137 


Paris, the king's physicians open a man alive 
and recover him, xi. 178 

y execution of the constable, xi. 315 • 

Parisians^ the, their uniform during a mob, iii. 

, they propose whatever measures they 
please in the presence of (he duke of Acqui- 
taine, iii. 152 

, cause the king to publish an edict of 

indemnity, iii. 160 
Pataye, battle of, vi. 274 
F^ul n. succeeds pope Pius II. x. 1 69 
• — ^— , shortens the intervals of the jubilees^ 

xi. 119 • 

-, dies and is succeeded by Sixtus IV. 

xi. 120 

Pavia, entry of Charles VIII. into, xi. 405 
, inhuman murder of a Frenchman at, 

xii. 140 
Pazzi, the conspiracy of the, at Rorence, xi. 373 
Pecquigny, near Amiens, meeting of king Louis 

XL and Edward king of England at, xi» 195 
Pembroke, earl of, slain at the attack on the 

castle of Sluys, i. 134 

^ ^ Hollinshed's account of, ib. 

Penhors, lord de, attacks the English fleet near 

Brest harbour, i. 9 
Pensart, Jean, a fisherman of Paris, robbed of a 

great sum of money, xi. 180 
Penthievre, the count de, treacherously takes the 

duke of Brittany prisoner, v. 252 
— — , is arrested, ib. 
, marries the daughter of the lord de 

Quievrain, v. 258 

-, dies, vii. 139 

Penthievre, the count de, is sent into Guienne 
against Bordeaux, ix« 150 


Penthievre, the count de, receives an embassy 

to Louis XI. from the king of Arragon, xi. 

Pentoise, peace negotiated at, iii. 19G 
Perche, the count du, son to the duke of Alen- 

^on, reduces the town of Alen9on for the 

king, xi. 60 
Percy, Thomas, conducts queen Isabella to France, 

i. 40 
Percy, lord, his unsuccessful^applicatibn to France 

for aid against Henry of England, i. 1 64 

, mvades Scotland, viii. 1 2 

Perpighan, siege of, by the king of Arragon, xi. 

' , surrenders to the king of France, xi. 

Perrin de Loharent's answer to the fourth letter 

of Michel d'Orris to sir John Prendergast, i. 36 
Perrinet le Clerc, admits the Burgundians into 

the town of Paris, v. 9 
— — , is in great repute at Paris, but be- 
comes as poor and as wicked as ever,, v. IS' 
Perrinet Chalons is hanged at Amiens, vii. 298 
Persia, soldan of, commander of the Turks in 

Hungary, discomfited and driven into Greece, 

ix. 363 
— , the sophi of, makes war on the Turk 

Usson Cassan, xii. 92 
Pestilence, in many places, viii. 94 
Peter de Brabant, arms against the English, u 


, marries the dowager countess of Blois, 

i. 160 

, his army dismissed, i. 64 
-, besieges Neuf Chastel, i. 164 
-, engages the En^ish at sea, i. 168 

•n ■ «■ ■<■ I ■ ■ 


Petcnr of Caodii elected pope. See 41dS^ader V« 

Petit, master John^ defends the murder of the 
duke of Orleauis^ i. 216 

-, his speech in deifencQ of the duke of 


Burgundy, i, 221 

'J why he is bound to defend the duke. 

> conclusion of his speech, i. 309 

■;, dies, and fa buried cit Hfcsdin, ii. 234 
-, schedule . containing propo$itjiom, &c. 

relative to his heresy, iii. 279 

-— , his arguments condemned, iv. 1 4 

— , the sentence against him revoked, iv. 

Petit, John, the son of the public executioner at 

Paris, murdered, xi. ^68 
Philibeft: de Vaudray, offers bis services to the 

duke of Bedford, yii^ 6 1 
Philip, the arch -duke, makes his public entry into 

jLyon, xli. «2 

'.■. ■* — , dies at Burgos in Spain, sii. 105 
Philip, duke of Brabant, dies at liouvain, vi. 363 
Philip, count de Ch^rolois, marries Michelle 

daughter to the kmg erf France, i. 121 

, his marriage opposed by the duke of 

Orleans, i» 123 . 

Philip, count de Nevers, espouses the ^ter of the 

count d'Eu^ iii, 176 . , 
■' — , is slain at the batde of iVzinconrt, iv, 


Philip count de St Pol goes to Brussels* and ar« 
rests the ministers of the duke of Brabant, v. 

Philip of Savoy, cbtaii^ed prisoner by ki«g Louis 
XI. potwithsbwding hi$ safe conduct, x« 1-61 


PhineRs^ commended for his conduct towards^ 
duke Zambray, I. 244 

Picard, the Petit, the king's commander at Nesle, 
hanged by the duke of Burgundy, xi. 1 27 

Picardy, the lords of> are prevented by the duke 
of Burgundy from obeying the king's sum- 
mons to arm against the English, iv. 153 

Picards and Ghent men, encounter each oth^r, 
ix. 248 

Picaloitiini, i£neas Silvius, (pope Pius II.) dies, 
X. 378 

Piedmont, the princess of, meets Charies '^L 
on his entry into Turin, xi. 390 

, tbe-prince of, sent by Louis XI. to open^ 

certain prisons at Paris, xi. i>8 
-, dies at Orleans^ xL 1 16 

Pier-wes, lord de, ii. 23 

-, his speech to the Liegeois, iL 99 

Ml Hfc 

, is kiUed in battle, ik 3JSI 
— — , his head exposed on the point xi( i 

lanc^, ii. 38 » 

Pieruels, lord de, made governor of Liege^ i. 176 
Pierrefons, the castle of, burnt, lii. 94 - - 
Pierre de Regnault, forages the country round 

Abbeville, viii.213 : \ 

' . ■ ■ ' ■ ^ is forced to dislodge from the ^ctath 

of Mailly, viiL 343 r . > . . 

Rerre Floure, fria^^ preaches h^foife Philip 'duke 

of Burgundy, v. 147 cL^-: 

Pietro della Luna,. called Benedict XIII, :L 316 ' 
Piliag^r^ from -'the houfibhoid ^f the* Jnhg. of 

France, commit depreddtioss in^ the town- of 

Haussyy viii*272 '. . . j > • . 

-> — :=— — ^/ they acd attacked Ijy sil: John^ ik'Clvi^y, 

Pisa, council of> ii. 78, 89 v.^ .*.. ; r.'.' :: 


Pisa, council of, coilidemn the two rival, popes 

Benedict and Gregory, ii. 90 
— — — — , decisions of, ii. 96 

, bishops, dukes, and ambassadors at, 
ii. 102 

— ■ , some account of the city, ii* 103 

-, the ambassadors from Paris university 

to the council, write letters of what passed, ii* 

■, entrance of Charles VIIL into, xi. 410 

Pius II. succeeds pope Calixtus, Ix. 425 

r~ , dies, X. S78 

Pius lU. pope, dies after reigning ten days, xiL 87 
Pcntiers, mbassadors arrive at, from the duke of 

Brittany to Louis XL x. 374 
Poitou, the county of, is given to John of Tou* 

raine, second son of the king, iii. 335 

, • the seneschal of, undertakes an expe- 
dition against the castle of Loigny, ix. 21 
Poland, a discussion arises between the king of, 

and the grand master of the Teutohic order 

in Prussia, ii. 153 

, the king of, is skinned alive by the 

Saracens, viiL 399 
Pont-Audemer, captured by the French, ix. 9 
Pont de TArche, is taken from the English by 

the duke of Brittany, viii. 437 
Pont du St Esprit, siege of, by the dauphin, v. 

Pontorson, siege of, v. 208, 22 1 
Pontoise, is retaken by the English, vii. 400 

*--' , is besieged by Charles VIL viiL 280 

?— ■ f the duke of York marches an army 

to force the king to raise the siege, viii. 287 
— ^-r**-^- — , the town is taken after an obstinate 

def^nce^ viii. 300 


Pontoise, the town of« taken by the Bretons, x- 

Por^e, Martin, bishop of Arras, causes the sen- 
tence against master Jean Petit to berevokedy 
iv. 212 

Portugal, the king of^ raises an army against the 

" infidels, vi. 233 ' 

, the queen of, dies, viii. 402 

-y the king of, comes to solicit the aid of 

^* I 

Louis XL to recover the crown of Spain, xi. 

•, honours paid him at Paris, xi. 240 

Poton de Saintrailles, defeats the Burgundians 

near Guerbigny, vi. 390 

— ^ , is made prisoner by the English, vii, 4 

Poulaine, the king of, his son IdUed in battle, 

near Therouenne, xi. 814 
Poulcres castle, siege of, ix. 262 
Poussay, siege of, vii. 57 
Pragmatic sanction, abolished by king Louis XL 

X. 94 
Prague, heretics of, v. 326, vi. 26 
Preaux, son of the lord de, slain at the battle of 

Azincourt, iv. 186 
Precigny, the lord de, the commissioner of Louis 

XL to settle differences with the confederate 

princes, x. 414. 
Pregent, a French captain, defeats Howard the 

English admiral, xiL 158 
Prendkrgast, sir John, accepts the challenge of 

Michel d*Orris to single combat, i. 1 5 
, his second letter to Michel d'Orris 

appointing the earl of Somerset judge of the 

combat, i. 1 S 

> his^ third letter to the Arragonian es- 

quire, complaining of not having received ^n 
answer, i. 20 "^ 


Prenestm, dirdinal, commosily called the cardinal 

of Poitiers^ preaches before the council of Pisa, 
< ii. 99 
l^ie» the lord de, with a bddy of Genoese, sacks 

Alexandria and other towns, xii. 180 
Prologue to the dironides o£ Louis XL and of 

Charles Vni. x. 355 , ^ 

Pfotection-money, or Uack mail, viii. 257 
Protestus du Tabouret, a Hussite heretic, is shin^ 

vii. 151 
Provins en Brie, the town and castle of, are won 

by tile English and Burgundians, viL 152 
Prussia, invaded by the infideb, ii. 1 72 


Quarrel between the dukes of Burgundy and 
Orleans, i. 44 

, between the dukes of Brabant and; 

»■ ^ ■■ ■■ ii 

Holland, ii. 66 
Quesnes, sir Peter de, attacks Mondidiet, ii. 305 
Quesnoy, a mortal combat fought at, i. 124 
• , siege of the castie of, by sir John de 

Luxembourg, v. 323 
Quex, John de, is killed by a fall from his horse, 

V. 279 ' ^ . . ^ 

Quieret, sir Boors, lord of Henchin, taken pri^. 

soner at the battle of Azincourt, iv. I9r* , 
Quieret, sir Peter, lord of Harfifecourt, . taken 

prisoner at the battle of Azincourt, /A., 
Quieret, sir Gauvain, a renowned knight in 

arms, dies^ x. 98 
Quiers, handsome entertainment of Charles YIII.' 

at, XX. 396 




kaguier, jotiii, liis exploits at a totirnaihe&t a 

Paris, xi. 65 
Ragnier, Raymond, cotriplaint against, iii. 102 ; 
Ragonnet def rtcui is sawn in twain for his.stead- 

fastness in the Chfistiah faith, vi. 165 
Rambouillet castle, siege of, vi. 162 
Rambutes, lord de, takefi prisoner,!. ISO 
Rambures, the lorcj de, master of the cross bowft^ 

slain at the battle of Azincoiirt, iv. 185 
Rambures castle wo<i by the French, vii. 3 
Rampstotie, ^it Thomas, waits on thfe duke df 

Bedford at ^aris, vi. 107 
Raoul, sir, de Oaucourt, is put to death by the 

commonalty of Rouen, iv. 281 
Raoul, sir, de Neele, slain at the battle of Aziii- 

court, iv. 187 
Rasse Rouven^ made commander of the Ghent 

men, viii. 71 
* ^-=^, his commission is signed by the duke 

of Burgundy, viii, 74 
RauUin, Nicholas, death and character of, x, 95 
Kavenna, an extraordinary monster born at, xil» 

128 ^ 
Ravensteiii, the lady of, niece to the duchess df 

Burgundy, dies, x. &8 
Raymonnet, sir, de la Guerre, overthrown by the 

fdreigti companies ift the service of the dukef 

of Burgundy, iv. 287 
Recourt, Pierre de, quartered aftd hilng at Pari^, 

vi. 96 
Regent, the, an English ship set on fire by the 
"' Gordeliere, xii. 146 

yoL/xii^ A a 

••f . 


Reginald, sir, de Corbie, is dismissed from his 

office of chancellor pf France, iii, 1 75 , 
R^ne d'Anjou, marriage of, v. 239 
Retz, the lord de, is accused and convicted of 

sorcery, viii. 298 
Reubempr^, the bastard de, sent to Holland to 

tal^e the count de Charolois. x. 169 
■ — , is arrested himself, x. 1 72 

— , partfculars of the capture, x. S73 

Ribemont, the town of, surrenders to the king 

of France, vilL 2fi2 
Richemcnt, the lord de, taken prisoner at the 

battle of Azincourt, iv. 194 
Richmond, heir of, sacks many towns in the 

Ardennes, vii. 186 , 
Richemont, the count de, gaips the town of 

Meaux in Brie, from the English, viii 1 5e> 
Rieux, the marshal de, is defeated by the Bur- 

gundians at Paris, v. 14 
, takes many towns and castles firom 

the English in Normandy, vii. 301 
Riots, in various parts on account of the debase- 
ment of the new coinage for the siege of Ca- 

lab, viii. 70 
Ris, doctor Michael, his reply to the harangue 

of Michael Toure at Milan, xii. 62 
Riviere, sir James deia, death of, iii. 174 
Robert, sir, de Bar, slain at the battle of Azin- 
court, iv. l85 
Roche, the lord de la, married to the princess of 

Tarente, xii. 69 
Rodemac, the youth of, ix. 418 
Roderigo de Villandras is compelled to make war 

6n the English, viii. 114 
Rolin, Nicholas, harangues the two kings Charles 

VI. and Henry V. respecting the murder of 

the duke of Burgundy, v. 235 




Hollet d'AuctonviUe, principal of the as^assiiis of 

the duke of Orleans, i, 1 95 
, escapes with his accomplices from 

Paris, i. 203 
Rome> entry of Charles VI fl. into, xi.417 
■ ■' - ^ — , a jubilee celebrated at, by pope Mex* 

ander VII. xii. 44 
Roos, the lord, is killed at the battle of Baugey^ 

V. 263 
Rouen, an insurrection at, iv. 280 

, the dauphin of France arrives at, iv, 

• 283 

-* — , submits to the duke of Burgundy, iV- 

386 * 

•— — — , is besieged by the English, v. 40 

-, demands succour against the English^ 

V. 54 

— — — , a large army is collected to raise the 

\ siege, V. 60 

— -, distressed for provisions, the inhabi- 
tants send another embassy to the king for 
succour, V. 61 t. 

, surrendered to the English, v. 69 

-, the castle is nearly taken by the 

French, vii. 59 

•, attacked by Charles Vll. ix. 55, 56 

-, surrenders, ix. 66 

-, is entered by the king, ix. 75 

lloullet castle is taken from the men of the lord 

de Moy, viii. 1 10 • 

Roussy, the count de, is made prisoner, ii. 347 

. , slain at the battle of Azincourt, iv. 1 80 

Roussvj the count de, and several other great 
lords, taken prisoners by the duke of Bourbon^ 
■ xi. 190 

, conducted prisoner from Bourges to 

Montils les Tours, xi, 207 

Aa 2 



Roux, Robert le» n* 26 

Rove, the inhabitants of, swfear never again to 
. admit the Orleans party, ii. 296 
Roye, the lord de, taken pri3oner at the battle 

of Azincourt, iv. 194 
Roye, siege of, v, 154 
Rully, de Maurice, iiL 109 
Rue, the town of, is gained from the English, 

vii. 195 
■' -— — J taken possession of by die English, 

vi. 42 
Rupelmonde, battle of, between the duke of Bur- 
. gundy and the Ghent men, ix. 218 
Rutland, earl of, hung in effigy by the count de 

St Pol, i. 86 
Rutland, duke of, iii. 220 


Sainct-Cler, sir Brunelet de, nominated provost 

of Pari§, ii. 203 
Saint Maxence, the abbot of, his letter to the 

bishop of Poitiers on the election of Peter of 

Cazidia pope, ii. 91 
Saint Martin le Gaillart, siege of, v. 1 09 
Saint Remy du Plain, battle of, iii. SO 
Saint Severe, the town and castle of, are conquer* 
» ed by Charles VIL viii,S37 
Salerno, the prince of, makes war on the pope, 

vii. 104 
Salernum, the prince of, attends the ti*tumphal 

entry of Charles VIII. into Naples, xii. 16 
Salisbury, the earl of, arrives in France with rein- 
forcements for the duke of Bedford, vi 228. 
9 conquers Gergeau, and other places 

Bear Qrleans, vi- 232 


Salisbury, the earl of, besieges the town of Or- 

leans, vi. 234 

, he is slain, vi 237 
Salmes, the heir of, killed in battle, ii. 35 
Sausien, master, and the messenger from Pietro 
' della Luna, pilloried at Paris, i. 327 
Santa Croce, the cardinal of, is sent by the pope 

to France to negotiate a peace between the 

contending parties, vii. 76 

'■ - — •, the cardinals of, attend the convention 

at Arras, vii. 21 T 
Santoise, the country of, is invaded by the Eng- 
lish, viii 181 
Santrailles, Poton de, seneschal of the Bordelois^ 

dies, X. 89 
Saracen fleet combated by the king of Spain^ 

i. 323 
iSaracens, the, return to Cyprus, and conquer the 

king, vi. 182 
' , defeat the king o£ Poland near the 

black sea, viii. 399 
Saramie, John de, beheaded, ii. 40 
Sardonne, count de, i. 97 
Sancerre, the town and castle of, taken, iii. 6l 
Saveuses, Hector de, attacis-s and plunder^ the 

town of Cambray, iv. 149 
.— — , murders sir Elyon de Jacqueville, i V. 



vi- 86 

-, is defeated at the castle of Brelle, iv. 
-, is again defeated by the Dauphinois, 

Saveuses, the lord de, is made prisoner by the 
Trench, vi. 3 1 8 . 

, is defeated by the English near the 

town of Dours, viii. 258 


Saveuses, the lord de, his proceedings after th* 
battle of Montlehery, x. 264 

, escorts a sum of money from the duke 

of Burgundy to the count de Charolois, x. 273 
Savoisy, sir Charles de, and the provost oi Paris, 

their quarrel with the university of Paris, i. 9 1 
• — , is severely punished for his servant's 

attack on the university, i. 93 
,-.. : — j^ his brave conduct during his exile and 

return to France, tb. 
Savonarola, friar Jerome, foretels the invasion of 

Italy by Charles VUI. xi. 384 
Savoy, the duke of, war is declared against him 

by Charles VIL ix. 1 98 
Savoy, lady Charlotte of, her marriage with the 

dauphin consummated, ix. 403 
« : , delivered of a son, who is baptized 

by the name of Joachim, x. 43 
Scales, lord, marches to the aid of the lord de 

r Isle- Adam, at Paris, vii,.307 
Scales, an English herald, made prisoner, and 

many letters found on him, xi. 189 
Seas de Courteheuze conspires against the duke 

of Orkans, i. 192 
Scotland, the prince of Wales's expedition to, 

i. 189 

« > , the queen of, dies, viii. 402 

, — _ ^ two of the king*s daughters arrive in 

France, viii. 505 

J ' r-, i$ twice invaded by the English, ix. 10 

, king of, mortally wounded by the 

bur;sting of a cannon, x. 43 
r-, the king of, enters England and is 

$lain in battle, xu* 154 
Scotsman, the Little, is hung by order of th^ 

4u}i^e of Burgundy, viii. 375 


Scrope, lord, beheaded, iv. 141 

Segnot, William, knighted by the emperor of 

, Germany, iv. 217 

Senamy, Marc, his exploit? at a tournament at 

Paris, xi. 66 
Senlis, siege of, iv, 182, S93, 395 
Sens, the archbishop of, arrested, ii. 134 

^ escapes by a stratagem, ib. 

-,' banished the realm, ii. 136 

-, joins the Armagnacs, ii. 311 

Sens, siege of, v. 198 

Sergius, the monk, apostatized through covetous- 
ness, i. 241 

ServoUes, sir Philip de, besieges the castle of 
Moyennes, ii. 343 

Sforza^ cardinal Ascanius, brother to the duke 
of Milan, is made prisoner and carried to 
France, xii. 51 

Sforza, Ludovico, incites Charles VIH. to recover 
the kingdom of Naples, xi. 383 

— , visits the king at Asti, xi. 399 

' -, regains Milan from Louis XII. xii. 46 

.* , made prisoner before Novara and car- 
ried to France, xii. 47 

-, brought to Lyon and confined, \\\. 69 

Sforza, Maximilian, besieged in Milan, surren- 
ders to Francis I. xii. 193 

Shepherd, Rev. W. his translation of the verses 
on the battle of Azincourt, iv. 198 

— > , his translation of the complainings of 

the poor commonalty and labourers of France^ 
v. 352 

Shrewsbury, the earl of, retakes Bordeaux from 
the French, ix. 200 

-. — ', , besieges Fronsac, ix. 297 

— ^, assembles a large force to raise the 

siege of Chatillon, ix. 299 


Shriewsbury, the earl of, is slain, ix. S02, SOS 
Sicily, Louis, king of, enters Paris, ii. 1 49 

1 , kis eldest son marries the daughter of 

the duke of Burgundy, ii 157 
r— — — , meets his rival king Ladislaus, ii. 1 59 

1 , mpets pope John, li. 167 

-, attaches himself to the king against 

the Armagnacs, iii. 7 

, leaves Paris, iii. 28 

•, comes to assist the king of France at 

the siege of Rourges, iii. 75 

-, sends back the daughter of the duke 

of Burgundy, iii, 264 

-, on the death of Ladi^Taus, sends the 

marshal of France to Naples, iv. 79 

, is threatened by the duke of Bur- 

gundy, iv. 2P3 

•, dies, iv. 285 

Sicily, the king of, negotiates with the duke (^ 

Burgundy for his liberty, vii. 398 
, comes to Chalons to treat for his ran* 

som, viii. 401 
, waits on the king of France at Lou-' 

viers, ix. 49 ' 

, with his queen, visits Louis XL at 

Tours arid Amboise, xi. 90 

, waits on the king at Lyon and pro* 

cures the ransom of cjueen Margaret of Eng- 
land, xi. 232, 233 

-pigismond, king of Hungary, marries the sister 
of the queen of Poland, ii. 155 

^igismund of Bohemia is elected emperor of Ger- 
many, iv. 73 

r. — : , receives the oaths of allegiance of the 

greater part of the lords vi that country, iy, 



Sigismund of Bohemia, names of the dukes, pre- 
lateS) counts, barons, &c. present at his coro* 
nation, iv 75. 
•— —— , arrives at Paris, iv. 215 

, embarks for England, iv. 2 1 6 ' 

y arrives in London, iv. 224 

— • y he, and the king of England come .to 

Calais, iv. 247 

■, raises an army against the heretics of 

Prague, v. 326 
Sixtus IV. succeeds pope Paul If. xi. 120 • 

, exQommunicates the city of Florence 

in revenge for the execution of the Pazzi con- 
spirators, xi. 273 

-, sends a legate to the king of France 

and to the duke of Austria, xi. 293 
-, dies, xi. 365 

Skinners, certain French marauders, so nick* 

named, viii. 60, 109 
Sohier Bunaige, fights a combat with M, Bour- 

necte, i. 125 

, is slain, i. 1 26 

Soissons, rebellion at, iii. 1 36 

Soissons, the town of, besieged and taken by 

storm by the king's army, iv. 27 

y it is pillaged and destroyed, iv. 29 

— , the king gives orders for its rebuild- 

ing, iv. 34 

, is conquered by La Hire, vii^ 395 

-, curious conspiracy of a rector and a 


sorceress at, x. 50 
Somerset, the earl of, besieges Harfleur, viii. 200 
, commits great waste in Anjou, viii* 


•, returns to Rouen, viii. 350 

Somerset, the duke of, has an interview with 
C^harles VIL at Rouen^ i^. 63 


' Somerset, the duke of, he is besieged in the go- 
vernment palace at Rouen, ix. 70 
-, surrenders, ix. 74 

, slain in battle against the duke of 

York, ix. 359 
Somerset, duke of, banished by king Edward, 

takes refuge in France, x. 92 
Sorel, Agnes. See Agnes the fair. 
Sores, the lord de, with three hundred men at 
arms, secretly attempts to seize the king of 
Sicily, iy. 231 
Spain, the queen of, dies during the sitting of the 
council of Pisa, ii. 77 

, the queen of, dies, viii. 402 
, alliance of with France proclaimed at 
Paris, xi. 91 

— , an embassy arrives from, at Paris, xi. 


Spurs, the battle of, xii. 153 
Stafford, earl of, dies, iv. 145 
St Amand, fire at the town of, vi. 74 
St Basil, anecdote of, Julian, i. 237 
. , his vision concerning the death cf 

Julian, i. 238 
St Cloud, given up to Charles, duke oi Orleans, 

Ji. 313 

-^ , fierce engagement at, ii. 330 

St Dennis, the abbot of, set at liberty from the 

Louvre, ii. 18 
St Denis, town of, is taken from the English by 

sir John Foulcault, vii, 205 

, is retaken by the Epglkh, vu. 283 
St Dizier, capture of, v. 350 
St Emilion, taken by the French, ix. 805 
St Germain d'Auxerre, the dean <^, arrested by 

the university of Paris, i. 319 


St George, the cardinal of, confined at Florence 

for conspiring with the Pazzi, xi. 273 
St Jacques de Beuvron, siege of, ix. 16 
St Jamais de Beuvron, the town of, besieged, vi. 

Stine, a young girl of Hame in Westphalia pre* 

tends to have the wounds of our Lord in her 

hands, feet, and side, xi- 121 
St Lo, siege of, ix. 39 
St Maigrin, taken by the French, viii. 444 
St Martin, castle of, surprized by some captains 

belonging to sir John of Luxembourg, vii. 1 
St Omer,.the town of, taken by the lord des 

Cordes, xi. 373 
St Pietro ad vincula, the cardinal de, legate from 

the pope, arrives at Pafris, xi. 320 
, elected Pope, by the nan^e of Julius IL 

xii. 88 
St Pol, count de> dies suddenly, and is succeeded 

by Louis de Luxembourg, vii. 134 
, his misunderstanding with the duke 

of Burgundy, ix. 406 « 

•, summoned before king Louis XI. pa* 

cifies him, x. 159 

, commands the van of the army of 

count Charolois, x. 236, 240 
St Riquier, siege of, v. 284 
St Severin, siege of, vii. .1 74 
St Tron, treaty of, between the Liegeois and the 

count de Charolois, x, 309 
, inhabitants of, attempt to murder the 

count's men but are overpowered, x. 313 
Stuart, sir Robert, is hung for aiding in the 

murder of James I. viii. 3 
St Valery, siege of, ^ v. 346 
, is reconquered by the count d'Es- 

tampes, vii. 164 * 


StVaJery, the town of, is won by the French', 
vii. 115, 153 

Suffolk, the earl of, succeeds the earl of Salisbury 

• in the command at the siege, of Orleans, vi. 237 

, is taken prisoner at Gergeau, vi. 504 

Suffolk, the marquis of, is imprisoned in the 
tower by the populace of London, viii. 431 

y is liberated by the king, and after- 
wards beheaded, viii. 432, 433 

Suffolk, the duke of, is killed by the partisans of 
the duke of Somerset, ix. 1 1 6 

Surienne, sir Francis de, called tbe Arragonian* 
takes the town and castle of Fougares^ viii. 427 

Swiss, the, defeat the duke of Burgundy at Gran- 
son, xi. 228 

* — , take possession of Milan, xii. 138 . 

^5 defeat the French army at Novara, 

xu. 148 . 

-, are pursued by Francis I. with his 

whole army, xii. 179 
Symon, St, and another crucified by the Jews, xi. 


Tabary, a noted robber, v. 38 

Talbot, the lordv arrives in France and conqiierf 

many castles, vii. 161 
I , sir 1 homas Kiriel and other captains 

conquer Longueville and many other castles 

from the French, viii. 94 
Tamerlane invades the dominions , of Bajazet, i. 

Tancarville, the count de, harangues the French 

council on the state of the nation^ ii. 144 


Tarineguy, sir, is sent from Monter«au-faut- 
Yonne to summon the duke of Burgundy to 
attend the dauphin, v. 114 

•^ . murders the duke, v. 1 2 1 

Tartas, the town of, surrenders to the kingj of 
France, viii. 337 

Thomelaire, the adventurer, takes the castle of 
Passavaul, vii. 104 . 

Thomas de Sarzana. See Nicholas V. 

Thomelin de Brie, beheaded, iii 175 

Therouenne, besieged by the Englbh and Hain- 
aulters^xiL 151 

— ■ — , capitulates to the English, xii. 157 

Three estates, assembly of, at Tours, under Louis 
XL question agitated there, xL 62 

TTiurey, cardinal de, arrives at Paris as ambassa- 
dor from pope Alexander V. ii. 1 49 

'• -, object of his embassy, ii. 151 

Titet, master John, beheaded, iv. 33 

Tignouville, the lord de, arrested, ii. 134 

Tlgouville, sir WilKam de, causes two clerks of 
the Paris university to be gibbeted, i. 94* 

, is compelled to kiss the dead bo- 

. dies, ib. 

ToUemache de Siainte Coulonne, i. 96 

, is very severely struck by the senes- 
chal of Hainault, i. 100 

Tonnellier, Chariot le, a thief, while going to the 
torture, cuts out his tongue, xi. 84 

Torcy castle, is taken by the French, vi. 300 

Toumelaire, an adventurer so called, besieges th© 
castle of Champigneux, vi, 361 

Tournament at Brussels, vi, 244 

, near Dijon, by some, knights and gfen- 

tlemen of the duke of Burgundy's household, 
viii. 351 



Tournament at Brussels,, the challenges for it, 

viii. 352 
— , articles for the deeds of arms on foot, 

viii. 355 
Touraine, John, duke of, marries Jacqueline de 
. Baviere, i. 162 
, the county of Poitou is given to him, 

•m. 135 

, has the county of Poitdu and the duchy 

of Berry conferred on him by the king, iv. 

See Charolois, the count de. 

Tournay, two masters of arts are sent to, to per- 
suade the inhabitants to be loyal towards the 
dauphin, vi. 82 ' 

, the inhabitants of, rebel against their 

magistrates, vi. 97 

r-, the townsmen of, again rebel, vi. 231 

•, dissentions respecting the promotion 

to the bishoprick vacant by the death of John 

de Toisy, vii. 118 

— , capitulates to the English, xii. 157 

Tours en Porcien castle taken by sir John of 

Luxembourg,.. vii. 55 
Tours, embassy at, from Hungary to the king of 

France, ix. 409 
Touse, Michael, town advocate of Milan, his. 

harangue, xii. 55 
Touteville, the cardinal de, is sent from the pope 

to France respecting peace, ix. 191 
Traitors may be put to death without law, i. 260 
, ought to be slain by those nearest of 

kin to the king, i. 273 

, it is lawful to kill them clandestinely. 

i. 276 

Treason, the greatest of crimes, i. 234, 257 
-— — • — — , various kinds of, i. 28 1 


Treasury of Savings office, lii. 108 

Treaty for settling the affairs of th6 bishoprick 

of Liege, ii. 45, 59 
Tries, sir PatrouUars de, slain, i. 105 
Trimomlle, the lord de, marries the widow of 

the duke of Berry, iv. 246 
Trimouille, sir John de la, marries the damsel of 

Rochebaron, vi. Ill 
Trimouille, the lord de, is arrested in the king*s 

palace, vii. 137 
Trimouille, the lord de la, sent to negociate with 

^ the Swiss, xii. 150 
Trivulce, the damsel, xii. 109 
Tronquoy in Hcardy, taken by the king's troops 

and razed to the ground, xi, 1 86 
TrouUart d,e Moncaurel, is attacked by a party 

of Armagnacs, ii. 325 
Truce concluded between England and France, 

i. 188 
Turin, magnificent reception of Charles VIII. at, 

xi. 395 
Turks, the, besiege Rhodes, and being repulsed 

invade Sicily, xi. 275, 276 
Tythes of the French church, ii. 210 


Ursin Tal^^nde, master, harangues against Pietro 

della Luna, i. S28, 330 
Usson Cassan, conquered by the sophi of Persia, 

xii. 94 
Utrecht, bishop of, dies, ix. 355 
*— , the duke of Burgundy's bastard spn 

David succeeds him, ix. 372 



Vallly, John de, is appointed chancellor to the 

duke of Acquitaine, iii. 134 
— — , is forcibly seized by the Parisians, iii. 


Valentinois, the duke of, (Caesar Borgia) makes 
his public entry into Lyon, xii. 43 

Valognes, surrenders to sir Thonnas Kiriel, ix. 106 

Valoux, Regnault de, executed for forming con- 
spiracies against the king> xi. 202 

Vaucourt, the lord de, taken prisoner at the 

' battle of Azincourt, iv. 194 

Vaucourt, sir Louis de, is made prisoner by the 
English, vii. 4 

Vaudemont,' the country of, invaded by the duke 
of Bar, vii. 29 

Vaudemont, the count de, ii. 270 

-, slain at the, battle of Azincourt, iv. . 


Vaudemont, the count de, combats and defeats 

the duke of Bar, vii. 40 
, is taken prisoner at the instigation of 

the duke of Burgundy, xi. 153 
Vaudoisie, a noctutnal meeting of sorcerers, x. 44 
Vauperte, a master of the, condemned to be 

hanged, xi. 393 
Vaudome, the count de, taken prisoner at the 

battle of Azincourt, iv. 194 
Venetians defeated by the French at Agnadello, 

xii. 113 

' ' , makepeace with Louis VIL xii. 155 

Verchin, John de, sends a challenge into divers 

countries, proposing a deed of arms, i. 49 
, resolves on a pilgrimage to the shrine 

of .St James at CompostdQa, i. 52 




Verchin, John de, performs deeds of arms ia 
seven places during his pilgrimage, i, 54 

Verde, Sente, companions of the, ix. 246, 249 

Verdun, the bishop of, harangues at the council 
of Pisa, in favour of pope Gregory, ii. 94 

" , his arguments replied to, ii. 99 

Vergy, lord de, ii. 23 

Vergy, sir John du, and sir Anthony, quarrel 
with the lord de Ghiteau-Vilains, vii. 109 

Verneuil, battie of, vi. 1 89 

, is taken by a miller whom an Eng- 
lishman had beaten, ix. 4 

-, the king enters, ix. 20 

Vernon, submits to Charles VII. ix. 24 

Verses found on the king's bed after his return 

from mass in the year 1 446, viii. 405 
Vertus, the count de, and several of the nobility 

Jeave Paris, iii. 165 
Veryins,. the town of, is treacherously taken by 

sir Cluget de Brabant, iii. 45 

, is besieged and retaken, iii. 47 

Viefdlle, the lord de, arrested and imprisoned, 

iii. 213 
Villain, John, his courageous behaviour at the 

batde of Mons, v. 300 
ViDars, the viscount of, dies, xi. 96 
Villefranche, the town of, is attacked by the Bur- 

gundians, vii. 171 
Voleneuve-le-Roi, taken by scalado, v. 205 

, is retaken by the Dauphinois, v. 258 
' •, is again surrendered to the English, 

V. 305, 316 
Vire, the English are defeated at, ix. 9 1 
Vitout, John, governor of Metz^ viii. 397 
Voltri, dreadfol riot at, ii. 86 

VOL. Xiu i b 4 



Waes, county of, is invaded ty the diike of Bur- 
gundy, ;ix, 210 

WSeran, the count de St Pol lands a large force 
in the Isle of Wight, i. 115 

y is deceived by a pri^t of the island, ib. 

, marches an army before th^a castle of 

Mercq, where he is beaten by the j^ngli&h^ 
i. 126 

-, sends an especbl summons throughout 

Hcardy for an assembly of men at arms, i. i 32 

-, is deprived of his command, ib. 

-^ , made grand butler of France, ii^ 192 

y is sent against the. Armagnacs^'ii. 337 

-, assembles a large armed force at Ver- 

non sur Seine, iii. 12 

, marches into the Boulonois, iii. 49 

-» meets in council-at Lille with the duke 

of Burgundy, iii. 231 

, receives letters, ordering him up to 

Paris to resign his constable's sword, lb. 

, refuses to obey, ib. 

— , another embassy is sent to him, iii. 



, still refuses to obey, iii. 244 

, has a severe fall from his horse, which 

he uses as a pretext not to fight^ iv. 25 

-, IS abused by a skirmishing party dur- 

ing the siege of Arras, iv. 52 

, marches about 60O combatants ' into 


the duchy of Luxembourg, iv. 88 
-, dies at Y voix, iv. 1 2 1 

Wales, the prince of, said to wage war against 

the Scots, i. 189 
, succeeds to the throne of England 

on the death of Henry of Lancaster/ iiL 139 

^J*»l» I* <rfMH 



Wmnmky jtheittrirl tif, iattenckcdte looimdl ^ 
Constance, iv. 91 

J drives, the ^Prenchfi-om several pkees 
they £ad won,^ x. lizO 
'<! < » ■■■.i j .i n i. ^ vidts Louis: XL lat Jtouan, ad. S2 

-*^, baisished ^r«h England by king Ed« 
ward, comes to France, xi. '97 
' " ^>^ "" 5 retu tns to £ti^nd and heads ^ an army 
against king Edward, xi. 103 

-, rein^at^' Menry VL xi. 1*5 

, slain in battle against i Edward IV. ^xL 

Watelin Heulier, makes war on the count de 

Vaudemont, viii. 92 
Widows and orphans merit peculiar protection^ 

U. 2 ^ 

Wiege Mstle, siege of, vi, 76 

Wight, Isle of, invaded by the 'iPrench,'!.' 115 

, freed by the cunning of a priest, ib. 
William, duke, count of Hainault, mortal com* 
bat before, L 125 

-j swears friendship towards .the jlul^e 

^«ii »* 

of Burgundy, iv. 25 1 

., came. hL„«>a Jn Jaw it dauj-Mn .f 


, France, to Coifipiegn^,* where: he^diqs> iv. 254, 


-i— T-5.dies^ iv^ 363 


William le Begue murdered, v. 36 
WSUam.VLiearLof .Dgg^g^ iabartxarously mur^ 

dered,viii. 7 
WiUoiaghby, the lord,.4eath Qf, iv. 145 ' 

■■ , lays siege to the town of St Sevjerin, 

vii* 1?J* 
VE^nchester, bishop of, sent ambassador ta Fraoce, 

Winchester, the peace of, ii. 200 

■ , the palace Qf> destvoyed^ ii. S1& 



Winchester, the cardinal ofj attends the^conven* 

tion at ArraS) vii. 232 

> leaves Arras, vii. 340 
Witchcraft; the crime of high treason^ i. 279 
Woodville, sir Richard, . marries the duchess of 
X Bedford without a licence, and is fined 1000 

to the king, vii. 397 
Wool, great Stress for the want of in Flanders, 

viii. 70 
Worcester, batde between the Welsh and £ng« 

lish, near, i» 104 
Worthies, nine, who, vii» 43 

Xancoins, master John de, is convicted of pecu- 
lation, and punished, ix, 1&3 


York, the duke of, ia slain at the batde of Azin- 

court, iv. 182 
' York, the^ duke of, marches an army to force 
the king of France to raise the uege of Pon* 
toise, viii, 287 

^ follows the king of France to Mauis^ 
son, viii. 294 

, advances in battk array before Poissy, 
viii. 296 , 

-, seizes the gcyvemment of En^andr 


', defeats the king and the duke of Sqk 

merset, ix.339' 

^ , made prisoner by ^yeen Margaopfetand 

beheaded, ix. 49 
Ysambert D' Admcoitrt, iv. 181 


Yvain Graindos^ a corruption of Owen Glen* 

dower, iii. 145 
Yvetot, tke Idng of, dies at Lyon, xiL 71 


T^mbray, Simeon of, one of the twelve tribes of 
Israel, cause of his apostacy, i. 242 

Zealand, inundation in^ caused by the breaking 
of the dykes, xi. 84 

Zeneuberche, siege of, vi. 178 



fi. Bryer, Printer, Bhdge-ttreet> 
Blmckfriars, London. _____ 

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