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ANNis 1523-25 

With an Introduction by 




Published by DAVID NUTT 

At the Sign of the Phoenix 








Edinburgh : T. and A. Constable, Printers to Her Majesty 





THE Chronicles of Froissart is among the books which Froissart 
have received the fullest share of honour of all ^j^ Book and 
kinds, from their own day to the present, without ^* *"*® 
any grudging voice being raised against their triumph, or 
any sensible diminution of their renown. Froissart is still 
the name that stands for chivalrous adventure in the minds 
of all readers of history ; he is accepted without question as 
the author from whom the portraiture of that age is to be 
sought. The signs of his fame are everywhere : in the great 
libraries, in glorious manuscripts like the Harleian one, in 
the old printed copy that Lord Hunsdon used as a family 
Bible to record on its fly-leaf the births of his children, in a 
thousand testimonies from writers of all sorts, among which 
chiefly those of Gray and of Scott are memorable. Gray His 
called him ' the Herodotus of a barbarous age,' and recom- Encomiasts 
mended him to his correspondents. Scott, whose French 
visitors found that he talked the language of the old 
chronicles when he was at a loss for modern words in speak- 
ing to them, has put the praise of Froissart in the mouth of 
Claverhouse, and has expressed it in this indirect way, in 
Old Mortality, more vividly than in a review or an historical 
essay. Lord Berners was happily led in his undertaking to 
translate the Chronicles, though indeed one may believe His Trans- 
that with his tastes it was hardly possible for him to do lator 
otherwise. This book of Lord Berners is one that put the 
English tongue in possession of something on which the 
whole Western world, for generations past, had relied for 
h ix 


INTRO- information about itself and its manners. That Froissart 
DUCTION should be turned into English before the last reflection of 
the age of Froissart had died away in the new era of the 
^ Sixteenth Century, that the courtly poet and historian of 

the times of Edward iii. should be brought by translation 
into a closer partnership with Chaucer, was a thing to be 
desired more than most of the literary things provided under 
the reign of Henry viii. ; and it was fortunately accomplished 
by the man whose mission it might seem to have been to 
rescue as much as he could of the treasures of the Middle 
Ages before they were overwhelmed by new learning. He 
translated Froissart, he translated Huon of Bordeaux. 


TheWeakness Lord Berners is a follower of Chaucer and Malory as an 
of English interpreter in English of some of the courtly French literature 
which was for the most part so imperfectly understood, 
though so generously admired, in the island of Britain. What 
the English had been deprived of by the accidents of their 
history was the peculiar glory of the Middle Ages; they 
had no proper courtly romance, no chivalrous stories in 
their own language of the same temper as those of France. 
Many things are attainable in a literature like that of 
England between the Norman Conquest and the Revival 
of Learning ; but what was not attainable before Chaucer, 
and very feebly remembered after him, was precisely that 
sort of grace which belongs to a Court, to a refined affected 
mode of sentiment, like that of the Romaunt of the Rose. 
Before Chaucer and Gower acquired it, the English had not 
the right of entry to that world ; and in most of their per- 
severing studies of the way to be gentle, they are little better 
than the ambitious gallants in Elizabethan comedy whose 
education has been neglected, the Gullios who learn manners 
by the book of compliments. Nothing in history is more 
desperate than the attempts of English writers under the 

Save for 


Plantagenets to master the secret of French courtliness. INTRO- 
Sometimes the failure is ludicrous, as in the 'rime doggerel' DUCTION 
of the ordinary minstrels ; sometimes there is success of 
another sort, as in the great alliterative poems, which are 
not courtly in the French manner, though they are magni- 
ficent. Meantime, the days go by and the fashion changes, 
and but for Chaucer and a few others there might have been 
nothing left in English with the character most distinctive 
of those times — the singular quality of beauty found in the 
mediaeval literature of France. Later, when the mediaeval 
forms were still nearer their vanishing, at the hour * when Sir Thomas 
all the lights grow dim,' the most notable work of French Malory 
romance, in which all the graces, and not those of the Courts 
only, are included, the stories of Lancelot, Tristi-am, the Quest 
of the Grail and the Mort Artus, were rendered by Sir Thomas 
Malory in language that remains among the most wonderful 
things of the world. The reproach of England was taken 
away, though late and with difficulty. Nothing could give 
to England of the time of Henry iii. such poems and stories 
as were written in other lands in those days ; but under 
Edward iv. it was not yet impossible to recover from the 
past, out of 'the French book,' a version of the stories that 
had been too high for the landward-bred and simple-minded 
English authors to copy fairly, in the bygone times when ' the 
French book ' was still new. What happened with Froissart 
was something of the same kind. There was not enough of 
the Fourteenth Century represented in English literature. 
Even after all that Chaucer had done, there was something 
left to do. Chaucer had gone beyond his age in many Chaucer 
respects ; he is greater than Froissart ; but in the same and 
measure that he surpasses him in imagination and in art 
he leaves room for the other man with his other mode of 
regarding and rendering the world. Froissart's mode is more Froissart 
peculiarly and thoroughly the property of the Fourteenth 
Century than Chaucer's, through his very want of those 




INTRO- affinities with Shakespeare and Cervantes that are found in 
DUCTION the variety of Chaucer's workmanship and in his more liberal 
genius. Just as England, so long impeded and depressed 
by the historical accidents of its language, obtained from 
Malory some of the riches of the Thirteenth Century, which 
at the time when they were first produced it had no skill to 
make its own, so from Lord Berners it received back Froissart, 
not too late to make amends for the loss it had suffered 
through the want of such a chronicler in the native tongue. 
It was by an injustice of fortune that England had been 
refused in the Middle Ages an historian writing English as 
other tongues were written by the French, Italian, and Spanish 
authors, by Villehardouin, Joinville, Froissart, by Villani, 
by Ayala, by Ramon Muntaner, by the Provencal biographers 
Lord Berners" of the poets. What could be done to redress this grievance 

his gift to 

His Achieve- 

was done by Lord Berners for history, as by Malory for 
romance ; and the Fourteenth Century, illustrious in the 
English language by so many things of a different kind, 
by Troilus and the Canterbury Tales, by the poems of Sir 
Gawain and of Piers Plowman, to name no more, was now 
presented with a new author, who belonged even more 
closely and intimately to the reign of Edward iii. than 
Chaucer himself : an author whose whole business, it might 
be said, was to live in the Fourteenth Century and tell what 
he saw there. 

Lord Berners is not among the greatest of translators — 
his rank is nearer Caxton than Malory — but his version of 
Froissart is a true version : it is really Froissart in English, 
and in English that sounds like Froissart. As Malory gives 
in English (with much of his own besides) the tone of 
the old French language of the Queste del St. Graal, so the 
sentences of Lord Berners' translation are of the Fourteenth 
Century and not of the Sixteenth. He tried occasionally 
to write a style of his own, and was proud of it, no doubt : 
it appears in his prefaces, a style rhetorical and cultivated. 




He also translated, besides these Chronicles and the stories INTRO- 
of Sir Huon and Arthur of Little Britain^ two modern DUCTION 
works, one of which, the Golden Book of Marcus Aurelius, The Spanish 
written in Spanish by Guevara, has a reputation as the Euphuists 
parent of Euphues, while the other, also Spanish, 'of an 
earlier generation, the Prison of Love, by Diego de San 
Pedro, has the same Euphuistic syntax, and probably did 
a great deal to establish the new fashion of prose that was 
taken up long afterwards by Lyly and his contemporaries. 
Two opposite kinds of prose are represented in the works 
translated by Lord Berners. On the one hand are the 
writers who write because they have something to say, 
whether it be the story of the wars of England, France, 
Scotland, and Spain, or the wanderings of Sir Huon in 
Fairyland. On the other are the Spanish Euphuists ex- 
plaining, to a world that runs its clauses into one another, 
endlessly, the counter doctrine of precise constructions and 
elegant phrases. Rhetoric flourished under the Tudors, 
along with religious controversy, in the silence of the poets ; 
it put many honest people out of conceit with their old- 
fashioned romances. Lord Berners does not allow it to 
vitiate his Froissart. His Euphuist translations came later 
than his Froissart for one thing, and he does not seem to 
have had any particular affection for that variety of prose, 
though his preface to Froissart shows that other kinds of 
rhetorical display had an occasional attraction for him. 
Such things are kept out of his translation of the history : 
the body of his Froissart bears hardly a trace of the rhetoric 
that illuminates the Prologue. The good taste of Lord 
Berners, which is not conspicuous in his few original para- 
graphs, is shown in his devotion to his author, and in his Rhetoric and 
refusal to let the original style be misrepresented. His very ^^^^"^ English 
want of literary ambition saves him : he trusts in the matter 
of the story, and the right words find themselves translating 
the right words of the French. It is not always the case 



INTRO- that a writer is saved by his subject : there are many his- 
DUCTION torians, from Ammianus Marcellinus to Saxo Grammaticus, 
who have told good stories in extravagant words, with a 
dictionary broken loose and rampant over their pages. But 
it happens sometimes that the matter prescribes the form, 
and this was the case with Lord Berners, as it may have 
been with Froissart himself. The history has no grammar 
or forms of sentence that in any way interrupt the narrative. 
It is in the old style — the style of the French mediaeval 
historian. The Fourteenth Century is not defrauded in this 
translation by the imposition of any Tudor order of rhetoric 
on the clear outlines of the structure. It is with Lord 
Berners as with King James's translators of the Bible : 
in the Preface they indulge themselves, but their main 
work is different and contains nothing the least resembling 
' that bright occidental star ' which shines in the Dedication 
to the King. 


Lord Berners Sir John Bourchier,^ second Lord Berners, was born 
about 1467, and succeeded his grandfather, the first Baron, 
in 1474. 'A martial man, well seen in all military disci- 
pline,' is the phrase in which Fuller describes him among 
the Worthies of Hertfordshire ; and the record of his life, 
which is not full, is that of a loyal servant of the king. 

Soldier He took part in the discomfiture of the Cornish rebels at 

Black heath in 1496 and in other warfare later, as at the 

Ambassador capture of Terouenne in 1513. He went in an embassy 
to Spain in 1518, and suffered from want of money through 
the winter that followed ; he borrowed afterwards from King 
Henry viii., and left the king his creditor at the end of his 

' The life of Lord Berners has been written by Mr. Sidney Lee in his 
Introduction to the Boke of Duke Huon of Burdeux (Early English Text 
Society, 1882-1887) and in the Dictionary of National Biography, and by 
Mr. G. C. Macaulay in his Introduction to Berners" Froissart in the Globe 


life. His career is a good deal like that of Sir Thomas INTRO- 
Wyatt, with less adventure in it, and nothing comparable DUCTION 
to Wyatt's heroic encounter with the Emperor Charles, 
but showing the same devotion to the service in which he Public 
was engaged. Servant 

In December 1520 Lord Berners was made deputy of 
Calais, and held the office till his death in March 1533. It Governor 
was at Calais, probably, that all his writing was done, and 
his writing for those years must have been a chief part of 
his occupation. The public interest was not neglected by 
him, but one may judge from the bulk of his writings — 
the Chronicles of Froissart, Huon of Bordeaux, Arthur of 
Little Britain — how large an amount of time must have been Translator 
spent at the desk in matters not belonging to the office of 
governor. The Chronicles of Froissart was published in Froissart 
1523 and 1525 — two volumes, 'imprinted at London in 
Fletestrete by Richarde Pynson, printer to the kinges 
moost noble grace."* From this work Lord Berners went on 
to his translation of romances. It is not known whether 
or not the BoTce of Duke Huon of Burdeux was published Romances 
in his lifetime — that is, before March of 1533. The 
earliest extant copy of Huon of Burdeux, according to Mr. 
Lee"'s judgment in his edition of the romance, was printed 
about 1534, probably by Wynkyn de Worde. The hy story 
of the moost noble and valyaunt Tcnyght Arthur of lytell 
brytayne, translated out of frensshe in to englushe by the 
noble Johan Bourghcher knyght lorde Bamers was printed 
by Robert Redborne, without date. Whatever the order 
in which these works were translated, they probably 
came after Froissart and before the smaller books taken Diego de 
(indirectly) from the Spanish : the Castell of Love and ^^.n Pedro 
the Golden Boke of Marcus Aurelius Emperour and eloquent 
oratour. The colophon of the latter gives its date of 
composition ; in the uncertainty of Lord Berners' literary 
history the dates of Froissart and of the Golden Book are 




Berners and 
the Golden 

The Huon of 


fairly well determined : — ' Thus endeth the volume of Marke 
' Aurelie emperour, otherwise called the golden boke, trans- 
' lated out of Frenche into englyshe by John Bourchier 
' knyghte lorde Earners, deputie generall of the kynges 
' toune of Caleis and marches of the same, at the instant 
' desire of his neuewe syr Francis Bryan knyghte, ended 
' at Caleys the tenth day of Marche in the yere of the 
' Reygne of our souerayn lorde kynge HENRY the viii. 
' the XXIII.' So in the Edition of 1536 and most others ; 
the First Edition of 1534 is said to read xxiiii. The 
twenty- third year of King Henry is 1532, the twenty- 
fourth is 1533 ; and according to this the Golden Book was 
finished by Lord Berners six days before his death, for he 
died on the 16th of March in 1533, and the book was 
finished on the 10th. 

It is probably vain to suppose that the transition from 
romance to courtly rhetoric, shown in the selection of 
Guevara after Huon of Bordeaux, is significant of any 
progress or change of taste in the translator. Lord Berners, 
with all his literary skill, is careless about distinctions of 
kinds : he is not critical nor scrupulous. His choice of the 
Golden Booh does not mean that he was tired of history or 
romance ; it does not mean that he had been convinced of 
the laxity of old-fashioned syntax, and was bent on living 
cleanly according to the rules of the point-device gram- 
marians. It means only that the Golden Booh was in favour, 
as Huon had been and continued to be, and that Lord 
Berners, with his love of stories undiminished, was yet 
willing to take up another kind of book in which gentle- 
folk found pleasure and entertainment. That Lord Berners 
is not to be trusted for critical appreciation is shown in his 
attention to Arthur of Little Britain. For the story of 
Huon of Bordeaux, at least for the earlier part, there is 
nearly as much to be said as for the adventures of the Morte 
D'' Arthur itself, considered as a specimen of authentic 



romance, such as was current in the best ages, and was INTRO- 

fitted to be read by the author of the Faery Queene. But DUCTION 

Arthur of Little Britain is a different story, not among the and the 

best, but one of the mechanical rearrangements of the Petit Artus 

common matter that repeated the old stock incidents and 

sentiments wearily, a book that one would save, indeed, 

from the judgment of the Curate and the Barber, but more 

for the honour of its ancestry and for the noble language, 

than for any merit in the author"'s imagination. The 

translation may be reckoned among the fine achievements of 

Lord Berners : its style is that of his Froissart, and is 

enough to make one repent of having spoken harshly about 

the story of the Petit Artus de Bretaigiie. The preface of 

the translator reveals the mind of Lord Berners more clearly 

than anything else in the scanty sum of his personal 

utterances. He is not an acute, discreet rhetorician : he is 

immersed in the matter of old chronicles so that he cannot 

tell the waking from the dreaming vision ; so much absorbed 

in the charm of narrative that any narrative has power to 

draw him. He plunges into the story of Arthur of Little Why zndihovr 

Britain before he knows where he is or what it is about ; ^® worked 

only when he has gone some way there comes a shock of 

misgiving, and he repents that he has engaged upon ' a 

fayned mater wherin semeth to be so many unpossybylytees.' 

However, he is in it and may as well go on ; urceus exit ; if 

it will not do for a sober chronicle, it is a story, at any 

rate ; and there are others, much respected, in which there 

are equally wonderful things. But the whole Preface must 

be quoted, and it hardly needs a commentary to explain 

what was in the mind of Lord Berners when he wrote it ; 

his good faith, his perfectly sincere delight in narrative, his 

secondary regard, by an afterthought, for the author"'s 

' vertuous entent *" ; his admiration, without the heat of a 

competitor, for proficiency in ' fresh ornate polished English ' 

and ' the facundious art of rhetoric.*' 

c xvii 


INTRO- ' Here Jbhfvetk the Translatour s Prologue : For as raoche as 
DUCT ION it is delectable to all humayne nature to rede and to here 
His Prologue these auncient noble hystoryes of the chyvalrous feates 
to the ai^d raarciall prowesses of the vyctoryous knyghtes of tymes 

Petit Artus paste, whose tryumphaunt dedes, yf wrytynge were not, sholde 
be had clene oute of remembraunee ; and also by-cause that 
ydelnesse is reputed to be the moder of al vices; wherfore 
somwhat in eschewynge therof, and in the waye of lowli 
erudycyon and learnynge, I John Bourghchere knyghte lorde 
Berners have enterprysed to translate out of Frensshe in to 
our maternall tongue a noble hystory, makynge mencyon of 
the famous dedes of the ryght valyaunt knyght Arthur sonne 
and heyre to the noble duke of Brytayne, and of the fayre 
lady Florence, doughter and heyre to the myghty Emendus, 
kynge of the noble realme of Soroloys, and of the grete trouble 
that they endured, or they attayned to the perfourmance of 
theyr vertuous amorous desyers ; for fyrste they overcame many 
harde and straunge adventures, the whiche as to our humayne 
reason sholde seme to be incredible. Wherfore after that I 
had begon this sayd processe I had determined to have left 
and gyven up my laboure, for I thoughte it sholde have ben 
reputed but a folye in me to translate be seming suche a fayned 
mater, wherin semeth to be so many unpossybylytees. How 
be it than I called agayne to my remembraunee that I had 
redde and seen many a sondrye volume of dy verse noble 
hystoryes wherin were contayned the redoubted dedes of the 
auncyent invynsyble conquerours and of other ryght famous 
knyghtes who acheved many a straunge and wonderfull ad- 
venture, the whyche by playne letter as to our understand- 
ynge sholde seme in a maner to be supernaturall : wherfore I 
thought that this present treatyse myght as well be reputed 
for trouth as some of those, and also I doubted not but that 
the first auctour of this boke devysed it not with out some 
maner of trouthe or vertuous entent. The whyche consydera- 
cyons, and other, gave me agayne audacyte to contynue forth 
my fyrste purpose tyll I had fynysshed this sayd boke, not 
presuraynge that I have reduced it in to fi-esshe ornate polysshed 


Englysshe, for I know myself insufficient in the facondyous arte INTRO- 
of rethoryke, nor also I am but a lerner of the language of DUCTION 
Frensshe. How be it, I truste my symple reason hath ledde 
to the understandynge of the true sentence of the mater, 
accordinge to the whiche I have folowed as nere as I coude, 
desyrynge all the reders and herers therof to take this my rude 
translacion in gre, and yf any faute be, to laye it to myn 
unconnynge and derke ingnoraunce, and to mynysshe, adde or 
augment as they shall fynde cause requysyte. And in theyr 
so doynge I shall praye to God that after this vayne and 
transytory lyfe he may brynge them unto the perdurable joye 
of heven. Amen. 

' Thus endeth the Translatour s Prologue.' 

Lord Berners is a fortunate writer, whatever mistakes he Berners his 
may have made about Arthur qf Little Britain. He was Merits 
not turned aside by vanities: ' the facundious art of rhetoric "* 
did not corrupt him beyond a few innocent traces of orna- 
mental language in his preliminary discourses. It was not 
his genius to do ' any eclipsing thing,"" like JEuphues, while 
he had the instinct for sound language in continuous narra- 
tion, of the kind that does not glare or flash, and may easily 
escape notice for its goodness till some occasion comes to test 
it. How well the ordinary sentences of Berners will come 
through examination has been shown by Sir Henry Craik 
in his comparison of Berners"' Froissart with Johnes''s.^ The Berners and 
excellence of Lord Berners is nothing dazzling or astound- Johnes 
ing ; it comes from a secure command of the right words, in 
plenty sufficient for all his purposes, with an easy syntax, 
easily corresponding to his French originals, and turning 
them into English without any grammatical heaviness or 
sign of labour. As compared to Malory there is a want Berners and 
of volume and variety in Lord Berners, due no doubt in Malory 
part to the character of the text he was translating ; for 
Froissart, with all his glory, is not like Malory"'s ' French 

^ English Prose Selections^ i. 123 sq. 


INTRO- book ' in opportunities for splendid diction, and Huon''s ally, 
DUCTION Oberon, is too substantial and sensible a personage for the 
enchanted twilight of the Morte UArthur. But, failing 
the greatest qualities of Malory's prose, there is nothing 
wanting to Lord Bemers in the kind of literature he has 
His Oppor- chosen. He comes at the end of the Middle Ages in a reign 
tunity not distinguished by much good writing, when poetry in 

England is neai-ly dead, and when prose is threatened by a 
recurrence of the old ornamental pedantries of ' facondyous 
rethoryke,' with the alternative of a rather prim cor- 
rectness under the rule of classical scholars. His success 
Success consists in his steady following of the old fashion, the 

mediaeval fashion, of composition, with a regard for just 
such excellences of form as are convenient in such a mode of 
writing. Lord Berners used the mediaeval syntax so as to 
give few openings for censure, even from exacting critics ; 
and Method and before the confused Elizabethan time, when prose 
seemed capable of most things except self-command, he 
showed how clearness, simplicity, an even and continuous 
discourse, might be obtained without departing ostensibly 
from the syntax of the Fourteenth Century. Any sentences 
from his Froissart will exhibit this plain, straightforward 
style in its simplicity and security : — 

* Thus at the beginnynge the Frenchmen and they of Aragon 
fought valiantly, so that the good knightes of Englande endured 
moche payne. That day Sir Johan Chandos was a good knight, 
and dyde under his baner many a noble feate of armes ; he 
adventured himselfe so farre that he was closed in amonge his 
enemyes, and so sore overpressed that he was felled downe to 
the erthe. And on him there felle a great and a bigge man of 
Castell, called Martyne Ferrant, who was gretly renomed of 
hardynesse amonge the Spanyardes, and he dyde his entent to 
have slayne Sir Johan Chandos, who lay under him in great 
danger. Than Sir Johan Chandos reraembred of a knyfe that 
he had in his bosome, and drewe it out, and strake this Martyne 



so in the backe and in the sydes that he wounded him to dethe INTRO- 
as he lay on him. Than Sir Johan Chandos toumed hym over^ DUCTION 
and rose quickely on his fete ; and his men were there aboute 
hym, who had with moche payne broken the prease to come to ' 
hym, wher as they saw him felled.' 

There is nothing remarkable about this sort of English 
except that it cannot be bettered. There is no particular 
formula for it : only, it shows a care for rhythm such as was 
not always found along with the care for classical periods in His Grammar 
the writers of that time. The grammar of Lord Berners is 
one that pays attention to the right spacing of phrases 
according to their weighty syllables : when this is assured, 
there is less need for the grammatical complications of 
clauses in their right order and degree ; the easy construc- 
tions of the old style leave it free to the author to tune his 
syllables to his own mind. The grammatical pattern of the 
classical schools has little attraction for him when he is 
taken up with the other device, of free enunciation with no 
broken, confused, or jarring sounds to break the tenor of it. 
There is nothing in Lord Berners like the exorbitant 
fondness for novel and emphatic words, splendid or swagger- 
ing, such as are noted in some of the Elizabethan translators. 
He has a rich and full vocabulary, but it does not blaze out His 
in single gems. It corresponds to the vocabulary of Froissart, Vocabulary 
the beauty of which, as of all good French, and not least in 
the French mediaeval prose, lies in the harmony between the 
single words and the syntactic idiom. The prose is not a new 
invention ; it is natural, in the sense that it is founded upon 
the usages of conversation, quick and expressive, well pro- and 
vided with plenty of words for interesting things, unimpeded Froissart's 
by drawling rhetoric, and free from any anxiety or curiosity 
about rules of good taste, because it had good taste to begin 
with, and did not need to think about it. The speech of 
Aymerigot Marcel, for instance, which may be pondered 
word for word and phrase for phrase as an infallible piece of Sampled 



INTRO- good syntax and good diction, is expressed altogether in 
DUCTION common and well-established forms, from the beginning, 
' Ha ! a ! du traiteur vieillart, dist Aymerigot,' to the end, 
' comment qu'il prende ne adviegne du nouvel.' This is 
rendered not quite fully by Lord Bemers, but in the right 
manner of the original, with the same security and absence 
of constraint : — 

'Than tydinges came to Aymergot Marcell^ where he was 
purchasyng of frendes to have reysed the siege before the 
fortresse of Vandoys, that it was gyven up. Whan he herde 
therof he demaunded howe it fortuned : it was shewed hym 
howe it was by reason of a skrymysshe^ and by the issuying out 
of his uncle Guyot du Sail unadvysedly. Ah, that olde traytour, 
quod Aymergot ; by saynte Marcell, if I had hym here nowe, I 
shulde sle hym with myne owne handes ; he hath dyshonoured 
me and all my companyons. At my departynge I straytely en- 
joyned hym that for no maner of assaute or skrymysshe made 
by the Frenchmen he shulde in no wyse open the barryers, and 
he hath done the contrary : this domage is nat to be recovered, 
nor I wote nat whether to go. They of Caluset and they of 
Donsac wyll kepe the peace, and my companyons be spredde 
abrode lyke men dyscomfyted ; they dare never assemble agayne 
togyther; and though I had them togyther, yet I wote nat 
whyder to bring them. Thus, all thynge consydred, I am in a 
harde parte, for I have gretly dyspleased the French kynge, the 
duke of Berrey, and the lordes of Auvergne, and all the people 
of the countrey, for I have made them warre the peace duiynge : 
I had trusted to have won, but I am nowe in a great adventure 
to lese, nor I wotte nat to whom to resorte to axe counsayle. 
I wolde nowe that I and my goodes with my wyfe were in 
Englande ; there I shulde be in surety ; but howe shulde I get 
thyder and cary all my stufe with me .'* I shulde be robbed 
twenty tymes or I coulde gette to the see, for all the passages 
in Poictou, in Rochell, in Fraunce, in Normandy and in Pycardy 
are straytely kept ; it wyll be harde to scape fro takyng : and 
if I be taken, I shall be sente to the Frenche kynge, and so I 




shall be loste and all myne. I thynke the surest way for me INTRO- 
were to drawe to Burdeaulx, and lytell and lytell to get my DUCTION 
good thyder, and to abyde there tyll the warre renewe agayne, 
for I have good hoope that after this treuce warre shall be open 
agayne bytwene Englande and Fraunce. Thus Aymergot 
Marcell debated the matter in hymselfe ; he was hevy and 
sorowfull, and wyste nat what waye to take^ outher to recover 
some fortresse in Auvergne^ or els to go to Burdeaux, and to 
sende for his wife thider, and for his goodes lytell and lytell 
secretely. If he hadde done so, he had taken the surest waye ; 
but he dyde contrary, and therby lost all, lyfe and godes. Thus 
fortune payeth the people whan she hath sette them on the 
highest parte of her whele, for sodainly she reverseth them to 
the lowest parte, ensample by this Aymergotte. It was sayde 
he was well worthe a hundred thousande frankes, and all was 
lost on a daye ; wherfore I may well saye that fortune hath 
played her pagiaunt with hym, as she hath done with many mo, 
and shall do.' 

The French is better and more lively, breaking out, for 
instance, in exclamation after the reference to the truce 
(' apres ces trieves, vialfuissent elles prinses ne venues, entre 
France et Angleterre ') ; but the English, though less mer- 
curial, is the language of one who is free-born, and who has 
not had to pay the price of the weary rhetorical schools for 
his command of phrases. 

There are blemishes, of course, in Lord Berners' Froissart. 
There are mistranslations and confusions. But these hardly 
affect the reputation of the book as a history well written In his defects' 
and pleasant to read. ' It might have been better, if the Despite 
author had taken more pains'* — this respectable formula 
comes to mind rather too often in the presence of Lord 
Berners' easy-going translations, which sometimes recall the 
humours of the Ayenhite of Inwyt, ' mills-to-the-wind "* and 
suchlike. But the mistakes are not enough to spoil the 
story, any more than the Psalms have been spoilt in Cover- 
dale's version, and others, by similar failures. 



A Misfor- 


It is something against the vogue of Lord Berners — a 
small thing — that he lived in a time when English spelling 
had contrived to make the language look other than beauti- 
ful. It is unfortunate that his clear phrases should be 
muffled in the misplaced and useless spellings that seem 
exactly the right dress for the shambling verse of the poets 
of that day. ' Barkesse ' and ' marchesse ' (for ' barks ' and 
' marches "*), ' physycyon,' ' pertaynynge,' ' cherysshynge,"* 
' concludedde/ and so forth, are well enough for decrepit 
Chaucerian allegories, and for such moral interludes as make 
desolate the Tudor reigns for more than half the century ; 
but we could have wished Lord Berners a habit better fitted 
for his mode of narrative, something less cumbrous, like the 
spelling of Chaucer or of Dunbar. Unhappily to this griev- 
ance, if such it be, Lord Berners has added considerably — 
partly through the fault of his French text, partly through 
the original and acquired ineptitude of the printer, but 
with more than can be fairly put down to their discredit 
— by his unqualified neglect of the historical names. It is 
beyond all language of complaint. The man who has been 
led into the intricate fallacies of the names in Berners"" 
Froissart is only too glad to escape in silence. 


Berners and The Castell of Love and the Golden BoJce q/ Marcus 
Euphuism Aurelius are different in kind from the other translations of 
Lord Berners, as well as much less imposing in size. What 
they want in bulk they make up in pretensions of another 
sort : it is in these that Lord Berners shows himself a 
Euphuist, and the Golden Boke especially has had ascribed 
to it by some critics the honour of having first introduced 
the rhetorical antithetic manner into English. It is im- 
possible to say, in our ignorance about the shadowy character 
of Lord Berners, what motives led him to these books, or 
whether he really saw much good in their contrasted kinds 


of vanity. The Castell of Love is an allegory of the school INTRO- 

oi the Romaunt of the Rose -^ the Golden Boke, so called by DUCTION 

its author, is a pompous exercise in ornamental sentences by 

a disciple of the new learning. There is no need to think 

of the Chronicles of Froissart in order to show up the 

tenuity of the one and the inanity of the other ; the history 

of Arthur of Little Britain by comparison to either of 

them looks almost as substantial and as full of vitality as 

Don Quixote. Of course, as Froissart himself has proved, 

and Chaucer also, it is possible for a man to love at one and 

the same time the history of real characters and the phantoms 

of allegory; but in the careless versions of the Carcel de 

Amor and the Libro Aureo there is no sign of any strong 

affection for either work. We may be sure that Lord Berners Why 

was fond of stories ; it is not proved that he had a liking Berners 

either for the old courtly manner of allegory or for the new Euphuised 

pedantry of moralising. In default of other theories about 

his literary taste, we may accept the statement of these two 

books as exactly true : they were done to order, ' at the 

instance of the Lady Elizabeth Carew,"' who asked for the 

Castell of Love, and ' at the instant desire of his nephew Sir 

Francis Brian, knight,' who admired the Libro Aureo. Both 

books were much in favour, and Lord Berners, whatever may 

be said against his Euphuistic clients, has the advantage, if 

that be anything, of having kept his English readers well 

abreast ofcontemporary literature in translating them. They 

were what every one in Italy, Spain, and France was reading, 

or wishing to read, or ashamed to be supposed not to have 

read. Most probably he cared very little for them himself. 

The two rhetorical books are very much unlike one The Castell 
another except in the common taste for a particular kind of Love 
of sentence. It is quite possible to fall into the idle mood 
for which the simple allegory of the Carcel de Amor seems 
occupation enough, and with nothing strained or absurd in 
its gentle, honourable sentiments. For the sake of the 

d XXV 


The Golden 

INTRO- Garden of the Rose, and Chaucer's Anelida, and 'the floure 
DUCTION of hem that maken in France,"' and all the great company 
of the chivalrous poets, it may be granted to this late author 
of the Castdl of Love to show the way back over seldom- 
trodden ground into the old pleasances, the dreamy air, the 
vanishing courts and temples of the Hollow Land. ' Many 
are the Mighty Ones,' and there is still some power in those 
shadows of old poetry, though few steps wander now into 
the region of their enchantment. Perhaps now and then a 
careless bibliographer, when he thinks least of danger, may 
find himself caught by the spell. 

There is no such danger and no such charm in the Golden 
Boke, however much it may have prided itself, and called 
itself the Dial of Princes, and made the Emperor Marcus 
Aurelius help in the furtherance of its pretentious conceit. 
The Golden Book so styled is really a Brazen Calf, of the 
pattern invented specially for the Renaissance and its 
idolaters. The author, Antonio Guevara, Bishop of Guadix 
and of Mondonedo, had a taste for sounding moral sen- 
tences, and for criticism of life in the manner of Polonius. 
He included also in his theory the principles of lago's moral 
essay on the Characters of Women, which are not those of 
the Castell of Love. Nothing could be more unlike the 
chivalry of Diego de San Pedro than the brisk remarks 
about the inferiority of women in the other Euphuist ; both 
authors seem to have been equally popular, though the 
points of view are hardly reconcilable, except through the 
rhetorical taste that the two writers have in common. The 
casuistry of the amorist San Pedro is expressed in the same 
manner of writing as * the answere of M. themperour whan 
Faustyne his wife demaunded the key of his study,' a 
lecture to inquisitive females which is not now so well 
known as it deserves to be. 

That the Spanish authors were the first to give currency 
to the antithetic way of phrasing adopted by Euphues seems 


Guevara and 
Diego de 
San Pedro 


to be proved, and in the history of this kind of prose Diego INTRO- 
de San Pedro comes before Guevara. It was of course a AUCTION 
very old device, as Plato bears witness ; ^ but it was in Spain The Humour 
at the end of the Fifteenth Century that it was established of Antithesis 
as the proper manner of good composition, and the Carcel 
de Amor was one of the books that taught it.^ A crucial 
instance to show this may be found in the dedications of 
different versions of the book. It was translated from 
Spanish into Italian, from Italian into French, from French 

1 The speech of Agathon in the Symposium is pure Euphues, and is re- 
ported by Plato with the same motive and the same zest as Shakespeare had 
in his rhetorical parodies in Lovers Labour 's Lost and elsewhere : — oiSroj Zk 
ilfioLi dXhorpidrrp-os iikv KfvoT, olK€t6TTp-os Si irXripoi, rdy roidcrde ^vp6dovi ner' 
dXX'^Xwj' wdaas rideh ^vvUvai, iv eoprah, iv x^P^^^t ^^ Gvalais yiyvb/ievoi 7}yeiJi.<I)v 
xpaiTTjra fiii> wopl^uv, dypidrrp-a S' i^opil^uv, <f)i\6dupos eu/iev€lai, ddupos 
Sva/xevelai, etc., Symp. 197 D. Earlier in the same dialogue the fashionable 
mode is touched upon, ' for in this way the learned instruct me to keep the 
balance of syllables ' : — Xlavaavlov di iravffa/jJvov, diddcTKOvai ydp fie tffa X^7e«' 
ovtujI ol ao<pol, 185 C. 

^ Composed by Diego de San Pedro, at the request of Diego Hernandez, 
master of the pages (akayde de los donzeles) and of other gentlemen of the 
Court. Printed by ' Fadrique aleman de Basilea ' (Frederick of Basle) at 
Burgos in 1496. There are difficulties about the dates of the early editions. 
A Catalan version, Barcelona, Johan Rosenbach, is dated 1493. Diego, de 
San Pedro repented of his very innocent vanity, and wrote a palinode con- 
fessing the blindness and errors of the Carcel de Amor, reprinted from the 
Cancionero General, Valencia, 151 1, by Bohl de Faber, Floresta de Rimas 
Antiguas Castellanas, i. p. 152. The Carcel de Amor has alternative conclu- 
sions, the second written by Nicolas Nufiez : this addition is found in Bemers' 
Castell of Love. Thus England comes into some slight relation with the poets of 
the court of Castile, who might have given better entertainment than is provided 
in their treatises and allegories, if Lord Berners had gone to the Cancionero 
instead of to their prose. Nicolas Nunez has a beautiful poem to Our Lady, 
written in the measure which was not accepted in England till long after : — 

O Virgen que a Dios pariste 

y nos diste 

a todos tan gran victoria, 

torname alegre de triste 

pues podiste 

tornar nuestra pena en gloria. 

Floresta, i. p. 7. 




San Pedro 

Lelio de' 

Berthault de 
la Grise 


into English. The dedications are different in the different 
languages, but one Euphuistic sentence is common to them 
all, and in the Italian and the French especially it stands 
out in contrast with what may be supposed the natural style, 
or rather the favourite affectations, of the translators : — 

' Come quiera que primero que me determinasse estuve en 
grandes dubdas ; vista vuestra discrecion temia, mirada vuestra 
virtud osava ; en lo uno hallava el miedo, y en lo otro buscava la 
seguridad ; y en fin escogi lo mas danoso para mi vergueu9a, 
y lo mas provechoso para lo que devia,' 

Carcel de Amor, 1496. 

' E ben che io stessi in gran dubio prima eh' io me determin- 
assi, perche vedendo la sublimita e intellegentia sua io temevo, 
mirando la prudentia e virtute io havevo ardire ; in I'una trovavo 
il timorCj ne I'altra cercavo la sicurezza; in fine elessi 11 piu 
dannoso per la mia vergogna e '1 piu utile per il mio debito.' 

Career d'Amore del magnifico Meser Lcelio de' Manfredi. 
Venice, 1514. 

' Pour laquelle chose premier que en ce labeur cultiver me 
determinasse en grande dubiosite et diversite d'ymaginations 
me trouvay. Car voyant la sublimite et intelligence de ton 
esperit ie craignoye, et premeditant la prudence et vertu 
m'enhardissoye et prenoye vigueur tres grande. En I'ung 
trouvoye la timeur et en 1' autre seurete et hardy esse. En fin 
ie esleuz le plus dommageable pour ma vergogne et le plus 
utile pour mon devoir.' 

La Prison d' Amours, laquelle traicte de V amour de Leriano et 
de Laureole, faict en Espaignol, puis translate en 
tusquan, et nagueres en langage francois. Paris, 1 526. 

' For or I first entred into this rude laboure, I was brought 
into great doubtfulnes, and founde myself in dyvers ymagina- 
cions. For seyng the quycke intelligence of your spirite I 
feared, and againe the remembraunce of your vertue and 
prudence gave me audacite. In the one I founde feare, and in 
the other suertie and hardynes. Fynally, I did chose the moste 
unvaylable for myne owue shame and most utylitie. . . .' 



After this in Lord Berners' text there is some confusion, INTRO- 
due either to his habit of abridging, which sometimes in- AUCTION 
terferes with the sense in Froissart, or to a printer*'s error. 
It does not matter much. The striking thing is that this 
passage of Euphuism is the only thing directly translated A Handful of 
from the Spanish prologue in the Italian, and therefore, as Differences 
the French translator had not the Spanish to work from, 
the only sentence of San Pedro's represented in the French 
dedication ; and it is quite different in rhetorical form 
from the Italian and the French contexts, which again 
are different from one another, Lelio de' Manfredi of 
Ferrara uses another kind of ornament altogether, the 
language of Don Adriano or Sir Piercy Shafton, and not 
of the authentic Euphues : ' flattery and fustian,' quite 
unlike the neat syntactical play of the Spaniard. The 
Italian author, when left to himself, writes as follows : — 

* Che havendo con non pocha diligentia e faticha ridutto Italian 

* questo picciol volume da lo externo idioma in nostra ver- 
' nacula lingua a V. Excellentia (vivo lume de la virtute; 
' sola belta de Tunica bellezza ; verita aperta del vero ; 

* equale bilancia de la iustitia ; splendid a grandezza de la 
' liberalitade ; ferma columna de la dementia ; stabile 

* fortezza del casto pensiero ; lucida gemma in oro nitido 

* e pretioso ; amenissimo fonte in florido giardino ; micante 

* luce nelle tenebre ; guida, governo, albergo e habitaculo 

* de le nove muse) Pho dedicato ; havendo forsi habiuto 

* mancho rispetto a la grossezza del mio ingiegno e la ineptie 

* de la lingua, che a la altezza sua.' The French translator, 
Rene Berthault de la Grise, does not borrow or imitate 
this enthusiasm. His style admits some of the vocabulary 

of Pantagruel's Limousin ; no more than the Italian's is it French 
to be called properly Euphuistic, though it is sometimes 
under the influence of the balanced phrase : — ' Et voyant 
' que d'assez belles matieres traictoit mesmes pour ieunes 

* dames I'entreprins mettre et translater dudit ytalien en 






INTRO- ' nostre vernacule et familiere langue francoise' . . . 'Et 

DUCTION ' ie prie pour le surplus le plasmateur de la cause premiere 

' longuement te conserver heureuse et prospere.' The 

Spanish sentence is marked at once as something of a 

different school. 

It is very doubtful how far Lord Berners went himself in 
approval of the antithetic pattern. His dedication of the 
Castell of Love^ which is mainly from the French, is more 
Euphuistic than the French, chiefly through the omission 
of a long sentence, where the French translator having 
facts to state broke down into mere ordinary hazardous 
grammar : — ' Ce petit livret iadis converty de langue castil- 
lanne et espaignolle en tusquan florentin par ung Ferraroys 
mon bon et singulier amy, des mains duquel en ce premier 
voyage que le treschrestien roy Francois premier de ce 
nom mon souverain seigneur a fait en Lombardie pour la 
conqueste de son estat ultramontain ay reconvert.' But it 
remains uncertain whether or not Lord Berners ever thought 
much about this grammatical business : at any rate he is 
utterly destitute of the J[iterary character belonging properly 
to Euphuists, as he never thinks it worth while to utter 
anything of his own, and does not ask for admiration. 

There can be no question of the influence of the Golden 
BoTce and the Castell of Love as examples of English prose. 

* The fysher goth not to take dyvers fyshes of the river 

* with one baite, nor the mariner with one nette entreth 

* into the see. I promise you the depenesse of good wylles 
' ought to be wonne with the depenesse of the harte, some 

* with gyftes, some with wordes, some with promises, and 
' some with favours. "* So Lord Berners translates Guevara, 
and so the tune was given out for a large company of 
authors who were more anxious to profit by it than ever Lord 
Berners himself had been. The Carcel de Amor, with its 
different story, gave the same example of style : — ' Dexar el 

* camino que llevava parecia me desvario ; no fazer el ruego 



' de aquel que alii padescia figurava se me inhumanidad ; en INTRO- 

* seguille havia peligro, y en dexalle flaqueza,' etc. DUCTION 

But that is not really the taste of Lord Berners. He no True 
thinks, indeed, that prefaces and dedications should be Euphuist 
ornamental ; but even here, as the dedications of Froissart 
and the romance of Arthur prove, when he was outside the 
danger of the Castell of Love he chose a different kind of 
language. In these prologues he makes experiments in 
decoration, but they are not Euphuistic in the strict sense 
of the term : that is, they do not consist in the antithetic 
arrangement of phrases as that was practised by San Pedro 
and Guevara. The device that falls in most completely 
with his taste is that of amplification : especially in the 
Prologue to Froissart^ where his use of triple synonyms has Amplification 
often been remarked — ' eschewe, avoyde, and utterly flye ' ; 

* trouble, sorowe, and great adversyte"; 'right profitable, 
necessarie, and behovefull for the humayne lyfe.' The 
usage was nothing new, and it is not to be put down to 
the influence of the revival of learning : it was a piece of 
rhetoric common in the Middle Ages. The Anglo-Saxon 
translation of Bede puts regularly two synonyms for one 
word of the original,^ and in the course of his Froissart 
Lord Berners might have come upon instances of triplets, 
as in some of the documents quoted by Froissart: — 'the 
sayde thynges to holde and kepe and accomplysshe,' ' his 
subjectes, alies, and adherentes,' 'our officers, sergeauntes, 
or piiblike persones,' in ' the fourme and tenor of the letter 
on the peas made before Charters bitwene the kynges of 
Englande and Fraunce.' Froissart himself writes : — ' Com- 
ment il peuissent prendre, eskieller, et embler villes, 
chastiaus, et fortereces.' 

In the Prologue to Arthur of Little Britain the synonyms Berners and 
are not scattered so freely ; and as there is less appearance Style 

^ J. M. Hart, Rhetoric in the Translation of Bede, in An English Miscel- 
lany. Oxford, 1901. 



INTRO- of a mechanical repetition, the style of this piece of Lord 
DUCTION Berners"' writing has some advantage over the others. That 
he should speak of 'fresshe ornate polysshed Englysshe,** 
and confess his failure in ' the facondyous arte of rethoryke,' 
shows that he knew of the more ambitious methods of com- 
position, and that there is something of literary criticism in 
his choice of language, though he makes no great parade of 
it. It is evident that he does not greatly care for such dis- 
courses as the praise of History with which he begins his 
Froissart. He might have written more, he says, but he was 
afraid that he might ' too sore torment ' the reader ; where- 
fore he will ' briefly come to a point.' His real business is 
with the translation, which may stand on its own merits ; 
and it is in the translation of history that Lord Berners 
has done great things, in comparison to which his small 
original prefaces and his divagations into the Spanish 
rhetoric are unimportant. 
His Blunders As a translator he has many faults. Want of scholar- 
ship is shown in all his books : he is easily taken in by the 
first impression of a sentence, and does not wait to see 
that it is grammar, and not always if it make sense. For 
instance, in the Golden BoJce he is thrown out by a simple 
inversion, and confounds subject and object in this way : — 

* I have redde in bokes and have proved it by myselfe, 

* that the love of subjectes, the suretie of the prince, the 

* dignitie of the empire, and the honour of the Senate, do 
' conserve the prince, not with rigour but with gentyll 
'conversation'; where the French has 'les conservent les 
princes' — princes keep the love of their subjects, and so forth, 

and Those not by rigour but by affability. Some of his mistakes, it 
is true, are not of his own making. The French translator of 
Guevara (1531) had apparently before Lord Berners turned 
pretor en los exercitos, ' praetor in the armies,' into preteur 

of his ^* exercices, which becomes in English pretour in exercises. 

Originals The Castell of Love, in spite of its title-page, was evidently 


taken from the French version ; and if Lord Bemers and his INTRO- 
printer between them place the opening scene ' in a shadowed DUCTION 
' darke valey in the mountayne called Serva de Marenus in 
* the countrey of Masedonia,'' it is because the French author 
before him had turned the Sierra Morena into ' Sierre de 
Moriene.'' Lord Berners had some knowledge of what the 
French books might do in disfiguring proper names, and in 
the Prologue to Froissart gives up the attempt to rectify 
them. He is not to be blamed indiscriminately for the 
cruel travesties of names in Froissart, though he might have His Hell of 
done more to find out what the wonderful misspellings of Proper 
the French printers really meant. Most of the names in ^""®^ 
Pynson's text are the result of an elaborate process of dis- 
figurement. Froissart probably took some care, but he had 
no talent for spelling: he was content to write Vamoureus 
Tubulus, meaning Tibullus, and Oleus for Aeolus, and Super- 
nascus for Parnassus; hence it is no wonder that English 
names were altered in his writing of them. Then came the 
copying scribes and the French printers, whose work Lord 
Berners had before him. Souegne and Melbegue, for Sweden 
and Norway, in Berners, chapter Ixxiv., are derived from 
the French text, and may stand as an example of the diffi- 
culties which the Translator found too many for him. 
They were increased by the English printers, whose work 
was left uncorrected by Lord Berners, and who made addi- 
tional nonsense of their own. 

But apart from his neglect of the proper names, this Elusions and 
translator shows a want of conscience in his attention to Illusions 
the meaning. Such mistakes as have been quoted from his 
Golden Boke are found in his Froissart also. ' Thus Jaques 
Dartvell endedde his dayes who had ben a great maister 
in Flanders; poore man first mounteth up, and unhappy 
man sleeth them at the ende"* (chapter cxv.): this stands 
for ' povres gens Tamonterent premierement et meschans 
gens le tuerent en le par fin '; that is, ' poor men upUfted 

e xxxiii 


The Popular 
Theory of 

His Gift of 
Narrative a 
and an In- 


him at the first, and wicked men slew him in the end/ 
' Par eschielles de cordes et graves d'acier ' — ' rope-ladders 
and steel grapplings "* — is translated ' with helpe of the 
archers.' Achier, the spelling in the text which he was using, 
was enough to set him on this bold but unnecessary and 
misleading version, which rather confuses a spirited account 
of an escalade, though it is picked up and well continued 
after this : — ' And first there entred, raumpynge uppe lyke 
a catte, Bernarde de la Salle, who in his tyme hadde scaled 
dyvers forteresses,' and so on. 


It is difficult to exaggerate the merits of Froissart as a 
narrator, taking a reasonable view of his circumstances and 
intentions. But it is possible to praise him wrongly. It 
is well understood now that much of the fame of the 
Chronicles is due to Jean le Bel, the real author of the 
greater part of the First Book ; and apart from those large 
debts that can be verified by a comparison of Froissart with 
the recovered history of Jean le Bel, there is much in the 
common estimate of Froissart that is really due to the 
Middle Ages in general, and the traditional spirit of story- 
telling of which Froissart had his share. His forms of 
composition are inherited, and other writers have described 
before him all the pageant of which he is the accom- 
plished master : the movements of armies, the shock of 
battle, the valour of this knight and that knight, and how 
they severally bore themselves in the press, and so forth. 
So far from being singular in his command of stories, 
Froissart appears as one of a numberless multitude of 
historians, who have all of them Froissarfs interest in events, 
and in various degrees the power of setting them out in a 
narrative. Instead of admiring Froissart, one is often in- 
clined to wonder at the commonness of this gift of story- 
telling ; and when Froissart is praised for his sieges, adven- 



tures, ambushes, and all the rest of it, there crowd into the INTRO- 
court where he is getting his reward, who shall say how DUCTION 
many captains, voyagers, chaplains, and common soldiers 
with journals and memoirs that might stand along with 
Froissart's Cressy, if spirited actions, described as they took 
place, be what is wanted in a chronicler ? Of all the things 
in literature for which grace is to be said, there is none that 
is at once so plentiful in quantity and so inexhaustible in 
attraction as this kind of writing. It flourishes in any 
season and any climate. The Epic may wither and the 
Tragedy fail, but there is seldom want of the good bread Forebears 
of Chronicles, Journals, Memoirs, Narratives, whatever they and Rivals 
may be called, and there is as little weariness in them as 
in any things composed by men. The shortness of life may 
perhaps have its advantages, as various philosophers have 
explained ; but it leaves a regret that there is hardly time 
in any ordinary life for all the Memoirs of France. And 
there are other languages, even the despised mediaeval Latin, 
as Carlyle discovered in his Jocelyn of Brakelonde. The 
writing in Jocelyn's Chronicle is not so good as Froissarfs ; 
but if mere lively sketching of an incident be what is wanted, 
why should not Jocelyn claim his own ? Those who wish 
to see past things as they were, will think as fondly of the 
streets of St. Edmund's Bury, and the old wives protesting 
against taxes with their distaffs, as of the Court of Gaston 
de Foix in Froissarfs Chronicles. At least they will not 
care to stop and choose between one and the other. Jocelyn 
of Brakelonde lets them have a picture of something happen- 
ing, and again, as Carlyle has sufficiently brought out, he 
can give the impression of a person's character and how it 
strikes a contemporary ; and what can Froissart or Horace 
Walpole give more ? Many things, no doubt ; but not 
things of the same essential, satisfying flavour as the pictures 
of events, in which the monk of St. Edmund's, and many 
a ship-captain in Hakluyt, might compete with Froissart ! 



The Gift of 
and the 
Neglect of 
it common 
to all Races 
in all Ages 

To the 
of many 


The gift of narrative, like the gift of courage, is always 
and everywhere something near a miracle ; but these 
miraculous qualities are pretty widely distributed among 
the human race. Perhaps the tendencies of education and 
culture have been rather to conceal the merits of the 
chroniclers by directing attention to moralists and philo- 
sophers instead ; also the beaten ground of Livy, and the 
school historians writing mechanical sentences with the 
ablative absolute, are known to have produced an unfor- 
tunate aversion from history which has probably checked 
explorers. Dr. Johnson, who was sick of the Second Punic 
War, would surely have found the mediaeval chroniclers as 
well worth reading as the romances in Dr. Percy''s library. 
He was not a friend of Gray, or he might have been guided 
differently ; but, as it was, Gray had few companions in his 
taste for the historians of chivalry. The love or the respect 
for great authors has naturally left out of notice the simple 
authors who make a record of events in any grammar that 
comes handy. The absorption of the schools in science and 
abstract philosophy, and the pretensions of the moral 
essayists (with half a dozen historical examples in their 
stock to enliven their account of human nature), prevented 
a right appreciation of old chronicles. Hence, the brilliancy 
of Froissart, who happens to be generally known or at any 
rate famous, has perhaps been too emphatically acknow- 
ledged: with too much isolation of Froissart from the other 
French historians, and also with not enough recognition of 
the common and widespread faculty of good story-telling. 
Froissart has been praised for what belongs to Villehardouin, 
and for qualities that he shares with any one who has been 
in lively places and can give an account of them, or who can 
repeat with spirit the stories of adventure, or even of mere 
commonplace occurrences, that he has heard from others. 
It would be easy to find in any age of literature any number 
of brilliant passages of narrative and description in writers 


who have no pretence to fame as historians. Perhaps one INTRO- 
must except the great classical ages of Greece and Rome ; DUCTION 
for the ancients, or the Fates on their behalf, seem to have 
cleared away the less successful writers to let Homer and 
Herodotus live at ease in their room. But the Gothic 
Ages have been less thorough in their pruning ; and from 
the days of St. Jerome to the last soldier's letter about this 
year''s war there is an endless supply of the kind of history 
that stirs the reader of Froissart. It is very commonly dis- 
regarded by most of the human race, and perhaps most of 
all by the best educated, but it has its reward. When a 
chronicler of this kind is read for the first time, he has the 
same effect as Baruch had on La Fontaine. The discoverer 
goes about asking his friends : — ' Have you read Jocelyn of 
Brakelonde ? ' Because Jocelyn has worked a miracle for 
him, in showing him visions of the past and things as they 
actually happened ! The praise of Froissart, the stock com- 
parison to Herodotus, might have provoked opposition 
before this from the friends of the less famous writers. 
Have you read Giraldus Cambrensis ? or Galfridus Mala- Some 
terra ? or Dino Compagni ? Have you read Pitscottie ? Excellent 
Do you know the real character of King Stephen, as shown *'xamples 
when he sat playing at 'chevaliers'* with the boy William, 
that was afterwards Marshal and Earl of Pembroke ? Do 
you know the youth of Mark Alexander Boyd, ' playing the 
loon on the Sabbath Day,' and waiting at night in the 
Glasgow street to have the life of the Professor whose 
discipline was not agreeable.? The Professor, Mr. James 
Melville, has given his account of this part of the Renais- 
sance in his Diary, and of other things as lively. Is his 
impression of what happened, and his record of it, less vivid Mr. James 
than Froissart's ? Has Froissart anything truer, anything Melville 
more courteous, more absolutely sufficient in every way, than 
Melville's interview with Don Juan Gomez? Froissart in 
such things is equalled by his two chief predecessors in 



INTRO- French history, to name no more. He does not come 
DUCTION nearer to the very truth of the thing than Villehardouin. 
Vaiehardouia The approach to Constantinople and the thrill of appre- 
hension and resolution mingling at the sight of the place 
they had come to take, the chief city of the world, the 
solemnity of this, the sudden revelation of the place, and 
the immediate shock of surprise, all the difference between 
what you have thought about and what you see before you, 
Villehardouin has put into one magnificent sentence : — 

* Quant il virent ces haus murs et ces riches tours dent ale 
estoit close et ces riches palais et ces hautes yglises dont il avoit 
tant que nus nel peust croire s'il ne le veist proprement k rueil, 
et il virent le lone et le le de la vile qui de toutes autres estoit 
souveraine, sachies qu'il n'i ot si hardi a qui le charne fremesist: 
et ce ne fu mie merveille s'il s'en esmaierent, quar onques si grans 
afaires ne fu empris de nulle gent puis que li mons fu estores.' 

And as much in his own different way has been done by 
Joinville. Among the shadows and the bodiless voices of 
the House of Fame, the knights of Mansourah, as Join- 
Joinville ville saw and remembered them, are still possessed of their 

human life and their own proper character. There is Count 
Peter of Brittany, hustled from the field by his men, and 
showing how little he thought of them as he spat the blood 
from his mouth and cursed them ; holding on to the saddle- 
bow to keep the rout from unseating him : — ' Bien sembloit 
que il les prisast pou."" And among all the many good 
things that have been said on the battle-field, from the days 
of Sarpedon downward, we may doubt whether anything is 
better than the speech of the good Count of Soissons : — ' Li 
' bons cuens de Soissons, en ce point la ou nous estiens, se 
' moquoit a moy et me disoit : Seneschaus, laissons huer ceste 
' chiennaille ; que par la Quoife Dieu ! (ainsi comme il juroit) 
' encore en parlerons nous entre vous et moi de ceste journee 
' es chambres de dames.' 

Froissart also has gained credit for a simplicity and 



directness of style which is really common to his age, to all INTRO- 
the Middle Ages, more or less. This is very pleasantly DUCTION 
brought out by one of his French editors, who chanced to ^ Mediaeval 
be drawn to Froissart not in the ordinary way. M. Buchon Virtue 
did not take up Froissart at first because of Froissarfs repu- 
tation as a mediaeval historian: he had read other historians 
first, in Portuguese ; it was from admiration of Fernan 
Lopes, he says, that he turned to look for something corre- 
sponding in his own language, and so came upon Froissart. Fernan Lopes 
But with most readers the case is dififerent. They have not 
read Fernan Lopes, perhaps no mediaeval prose at all, and 
they are apt to take as the peculiar beauty of Froissart 
that charm of simple phrases which belongs even to the 
weakest mediaeval writings in the vulgar tongue, to the Petit 
Artus, to the Reali di Francia, and not exclusively to the 
great books like the Quest of the Holy Grail. 

There is as wide an interval between the masters and the 
botchers in the Thirteenth or the Fourteenth Century as at 
any other time, and Froissart is as far removed from the 
incompetent mediaeval proser as Gibbon is from Russell's 
Modern Europe. But there is this difference : that, while the 
useless prose of later times is neither fit for the land nor yet The Mediaeval 
for the dunghill, there is generally something even in the Charm 
feeblest of mediaeval writings which has not wholly lost its 
savour, something that attracts even a man of the Eighteenth 
Century, as Dr. Johnson was taken captive by Palmerin of 
England. It does not belong to the great books only, to 
Froissart or Malory ; but even the commonest hackwork of 
chivalry has a power of attraction in some of its phrases. All 
the weariness, all the respectability of well-educated books are 
unavailing with a certain class of readers if they only hear 
such opening words as ' Or dist li contes,' and ' Now torne we 
fro this mater and speke we of Sir Tristrem.' Phrases like 
these kill the phrasing of modern historians — e.g. ' the arts 
as well as arms of his subtle enemy,' or ' foiled in his design, 



INTRO- the weak but unscrupulous monarch/ etc. If you test this 
DUCTION sort of good grammar along with common phrases such as 
may be found easily enough at any opening of the books of 
chivalry — ' Now shewethe the story that anone, after that 
Huon was enteryd into the chapell ' — it is certain that some 
readers will consider this last the more admirable. What 
is beyond question is, that the dulness of the Middle Ages is 
redeemed by that grace of simplicity, and by the command of 
phrases that, even in the poorest context, yet bear witness to 
their gentle ancestry. Mediaeval prose calls up the thought, 
at any rate, of something different from the grammar-school; 
and the grammar-school, with Holofernes for its teacher, is 
what is suggested by most of the polite literature that has 
been composed since the Renaissance, once its day is over. 

Of all the languages French had gone furthest in tuning 
the common mediaeval prose to effects of pathos, making the 
most of the contrast between deep meaning and innocent- 
Inherent looking words. No language written by grown men ever 
Pathos comes near the old French in giving a tone to narrative like 

the awe-stricken voice of a child. The old French writers 
must appeal to you for pity and wonder, must call out ' how 
great the loss,"" and add in the next breath, ' but there was 
no help for it, so they had to let it be ' (' mais amender ne 
le porent '). In old French literature the individual strength 
or levity of a writer's character seldom does much to 
modify this hereditary trait of style ; the most worldly and 
the strongest minded talk in this way ; there is little irony 
known, and tears come quickly to the eyes over the common 
fortunes of the race. Jean le Bel and Froissart are gentle- 
hearted men, in different degrees, and both of them were 
poets and lovers of romance. They use this sort of language, 
and they use the formulas of romance to bring a thing 
vividly before the mind : — ' He that had seen this, had been 
filled with wonder."* ' Qui done veist hommes, les femmes et 
' enfans de chiaus plorer et tordre leurs mains et criier a 


' haulte vois tres amerement, il n'est si durs coers ou monde INTRO- 
' qui n'en euistpite'; — 'there was nat so hard a hert if they DUCTION 
' had sene them but that wolde have had great pytie of 
' them " : — so the sorrow of Calais is represented by Lord 
Berners, cap. cxlvi., but he does not convey the full associa- 
tion of the original phrase with the formulas of the heroic 
poetry. ' La veisies fier estor esbaudir ' ; — ' there might you 
see fierce stour of battle raging, lances shivered, shields 
broken, the coats of mail torn through and rent.' It was in The Epic 
such phrases of the chansons de geste that the earliest French Touch 
historians learned their ways of appealing to an audience. 
And it is the epic manner again that has determined the 
fashion of a sentence like this in the beginning of one of the 
chapters on Cressy : — 'Ceste bataille, ce samedi, entre la Broie 
et Creci, fu moult felenesse et tres horrible."' It is used again 
for Najera in 1367 : — ' Che samedi au matin entre Nazres et 
Navaret ' ; and it recalls the magnificent opening of the old 
heroic poem in the cycle of William of Orange : — 

A icel jor que la dolor fu grans 

Et la bataille orible en Aliscans. 

It has the epic way of making the time and the place seem 
notable, as if they partook in the action. Such is the habit 
of the old French writers of history. 

The most probable date of Froissart's birth is 1338 ; Froissart 
his life ^ is nearly contemporary with Chaucer's. Between and Chaucer 
the fortunes of the two writers there are many close resem- 
blances : Froissart appears to have been, like Chaucer, sprung 
from a prosperous townsman's family, and, like Chaucer, he 
found it not difficult to get access to courts and noble houses. 
He had not Chaucer's imagination, nor his full sympathy 

^ The Life of P'roissart, by Mme. Darmesteter, in the series of ' Great 
Writers of France,' has made it easy to follow his career, and not so easy to 
say anything fresh about it. 

/ Xli 


INTRO- with different conditions of men, but his birth and his good 
DUCTION temper saved him from the exclusive preference of courtly 
and chivalrous ajfFairs that has sometimes been attributed to 
him. A man of Hainault, a townsman of Valenciennes, had 
no right to look down upon respectable burgesses. In the 
notes on his own life in his poems he makes no pretence 
of great dignity for himself: he takes something like 
the humorous view of his own modest rank that Chaucer 
presents in the House of Fame and in the interludes before 
and after Sir Thopas. Froissart coming back from Scot- 
land, with his one horse Grisel carrying him and his saddle- 
bag, is a traveller of less magnificence than Jean le Bel, and 
there is no affectation of courtliness in the confessions of the 
Dit dufloririy how his money went in the taverns of Lestines. 
There was not the sharp division between knights and 
burgesses that is sometimes supposed — for example, in 
Claverhouse's description of him to Henry Morton. Eustache 
de St. Pierre, of the town of Calais, is one of the heroes 
of Jean le Bel and of Froissart, and Froissart notes the 
death of a ' valiant burgess of Abbeville ' in a ' brunt ' of 
battle in 1369: 'the which was great damage': just as if 
he had been a knight. 

He has given an account of his schooldays and his early 
love affairs in the poem of VEspinette amoureuse. This is 
Early Years his Vita Nuova ; but while Dante's story is made as solemn 
and Work ^s the prophetic books that he quotes in it, and filled with 
the quintessence of the old idealist worship, Froissart's poem 
varies easily between the formulas of the allegorical tradi- 
tion and a literal account of the way he spent his youth in 
Valenciennes, from the time when his amusements were like 
those of Gray at Eton or Cowper at Westminster to the 
incidents of his unsuccessful courtship. The Fourteenth 
Century was quite capable of such personal notes and such 
urbane confessions as are common in less ' Gothic ' periods. 
Froissart was a memoir- writer as well as an author of songs 


and virelays. His ' memoire ymaginative,' as he calls it INTRO- 
in the Tresor amoureux^ was employed on his own small DUCTION 
adventures at school, before he turned to the chronicles of 
the ' prowess ' of Christendom, 

The record of his life contains little besides his travels Travels 
and his literary works, the travels being generally for the 
sake of his history. He went to England in 1361 to present England 
a book of his to Queen Philippa, and spent about five 
years at the English court. In 1365 the queen sent him 
with good credentials to Scotland. He stayed fifteen days 
at Dalkeith, in the house of the Earl Douglas, and saw Scotland 
there his son, the Douglas who fell at Otterbourn : ' a fair 
young child, and a sister of his called the lady Blanche."' 
In his account of Otterbourn, Froissart mentions that in his 
youth he had ridden ' nigh over all the realme of Scotland "■ ; 
King David took him with him on a progress through the 
country, and he ' searched all the realm to the wild Scots."* 
In his travels he noted not only such things as were told him 
about Robert the Bruce and about the manners of the Scots 
(to verify Jean le Bel's descriptions), but also, more fanci- 
fully, the names that he used in composing the scenery of 
his tale of Meliador, such as Snowdon, which is the name of 
Stirling in romance. On his return, which is the subject of 
one of the pleasantest of his shorter poems, he seems to have 
spent some time with the young Lord Despencer, whose 
father-in-law, Bartholomew Burghersh, comes often into his 
story. Passages of conversation with Despencer are among the 
additions made by Froissart to his last redaction of the First 
Book. They have not the same extent as his report of the 
talk on the way to Beam in 1 388, but they are significant : 
Despencer pointing out the towns that his family had lost 
through ' the ill queen."" Froissart was at Berkeley Castle Berkeley 
along with him in 1366, and heard the story of it from an 
old squire: he asked questions, he says, to 'justify' his 
history. Then he went to Brussels, where he was befriended Brussels 



I NTR O- by Wenceslas of Brabant for the sake of Queen Philippa, and 
DUCTION then to the Black Prince at Bordeaux. He was at Bordeaux 

Bordeaux on Twelfth Night 1367, when Richard, son of the Black 
Prince, was born ; and, being known as a chronicler, was 
bidden to write down the fact for his book. After a short 
visit to England again, he went out along with Despencer 

Milan to accompany Lionel of Clarence to his wedding at Milan. 

The journey had a bad ending in the death of the bride- 
groom not long after the marriage. Froissart went on to 

Rome Rome, about which he has nothing to say. He seems to 

have preferred Stirling, in his ' Gothic ' taste. Queen 
Philippa died in 1369, and Froissart came back to his own 

Hainault country of Hainault, where he must have worked hard at 
his Chronicles, with such diversions as are indicated in the 
Dit du Jlorin, a poem written twenty years later. In an 
earlier poem, le Joli huisson de Jonece, which dates itself 
the 30th of November 1373, he gives a pleasant account of 
his own fortunes and of those who have befriended him ; 

His Friends Queen Philippa, the Duchess Blanche of Lancaster, for whose 
early death he makes his lament, Isabel, Lady of Coucy, 
her father King Edward, her husband (Sir Enguerrand), 
and many others ; the Duke and Duchess of Brabant, the 
Duke Aubert, the three Lords of Blois, Lewis, John, and 
Guy, especially Guy ; the Count Amadeus of Savoy ; last of 
all, his Scottish friends, whom he ought to have mentioned 
before— the King, and the Earls of Douglas, Mar, March, 
Sutherland, and Fife : — 

' Haro I que fai ! je me bescoce 
J'ai oublie le roy d'Escoce 
Et le bon Conte de Duglas 
Avec qui j'ai mene grant glas : 
Bel me re9urent en leur marce 
Cils de Mare et cils de la Marce 
Cils de Surlant et cils de Fi.' * 

^ Buisson dejonece 1. 363 sq, (Scheler, Poisies de Froissart, t. ii, p. 11). 



He does not here mention Robert of Namur, for whom the INTRO- 
First Book was composed. DUCTION 

Froissart set out on his adventures when he left Hainault 
for England in 1361, to offer to Queen Philippa his first 
essay in history : — ' Howbeit I took on me, as soon as I Prologue, see 
' came from school, to write and recite the said book, and below, p. 18 
' bare the same compiled into England, and presented the 
' volume thereof to my lady Philippa of Hainault, noble Froissart as 
* queen of England, who right amiably received it to my Historian 
' great profit and advancement.' Berners does not quite 
rightly give the original meaning : — ' Ce non obstant si em- 
' prins je assez hardiement, moy yssu de TescoUe, a dittier 
' et a rimer les guerres dessus dites.' The book presented to 
the Queen of England was not any part of the present 
Chronicle, but a rhyming history, such as are found in 
plenty, though this one of Froissart's is lost.^ It was 
doubtless in the ordinary verse of romance, such as was 
used in the Life of William the Marshal long before this, 
and in Chandos Herald's Life of the Black Prince later; 
and in a book that claims remembrance in connection with 
Froissart and Jean le Bel, by John Barbour, the historian 
of the Bruce. Froissart had from the first the right his- 
torical sense that made him go about asking questions and 
taking notes, but he was not at first, apparently, drawn to 
the methods of Villehardouin and Joinville. He preferred 
the old mode of utterance, in rhyme : as in the days when In Rhyme 

1 Something has been saved : thirty-six octosyllabic verses on the events of 
I357> apparently from Froissart's poem, have been found in two parchment 
slips used for binding, and published by M. L. Delisle in the Bibliothique de 
r^cohdes Chartes, LX. pp. 611-616. M. Longnon, in calling attention to 
this at the end of the third volume of his Meliador (p. 368), observes that it 
is most probably this early historical poem of Froissart's which is mentioned 
in the library catalogue of King Charles v. : — La guerre du roy de France et 
du roy d'' Angleterre, et les faiz du roy de Navarre et de ceulz de Paris quant 
ilz furent contre le roy . . . escrtpt en franfoys de lettre formie, et rymi, a 
deux colombes. 



INTRO- prose was not thought fit for a gentleman to read, or rather 

DUCTION to have read to him. Prose was enjoined upon him when 

he made up his mind to continue Jean le Bel, and to 

sacrifice his first attempt, or at any rate to disregard it. 

In Prose What happened to his plans is clearly enough explained 

in his Prologue, though it is not clearly brought out by 
Berners. He had, of his own motion and through his 
natural interest in the subject, gathered material for a 
history of the wars of England and France, chiefly about 
the battle of Poitiers and what followed, for the earlier 
history was rather too far back for his own memory to 
serve him well. This history he compiled into metre and 
presented to the queen. Then, as he went on with his 
researches, he found that it would not stand, and that he 
had not rightly made out the actors in the story and their 

The CAromc/e* proper exploits. He had the motive of heroic literature 
strongly at work in his mind — namely, the desire to honour 
the great deeds of champions in war; and he found that 
somehow or other his rhyming chronicle had gone wrong 
or come short in its attribution of glory to the different 
knights. So he fell back on the Chronicles of Jean le Bel 
of Liege, made these the foundation and the first part of 
his work, and continued them, starting in his new under- 
taking from about the time when he may have begun to 
suspect and criticise the book presented to the queen, which 
was about the time when Jean le Bel comes to an end : — 
' Therefore to acquit me in that behalf and in following 
' the truth as near as I can, I, John Froissart, have enter- 
' prised this history on the foresaid ordinance and true 
' foundation, at the instance and request of a dear lord of 
' mine, Robert of Namur, knight, lord of Beaufort, to whom 
' entirely I owe love and obeisance, and God grant me to 
' do that thing that may be to his pleasure.' 

Patrons and The life of Froissart is determined by the favour of his 

Opinions patrons, and so are his opinions. This has been shown 


most clearly by M. Simeon Luce in his investigation of INTRO- 
Froissarfs ways of working and the processes by which the DUCTION 
different redactions of his First Book were brought about. 
The English sympathies of the First Version (which is the 
most popular in manuscripts, and which was taken as material 
for the early printed copies, and therefore was translated by 
Lord Berners), the English accounts of Cressy and Poitiers, Philippa of 
are due to Froissart"'s attachment to the English party in England 
his early life, to the favour of Queen Philippa, and the 
protection of Robert of Namur. Robert of Namur came Robert of 
back from journeys like those of Chaucer's Knight in Pruce Namur 
and the Holy Land, and offered his services to King Edward 
at Calais in 1346 ; although he was not constant altogether 
in his support of the English, he was more for that side 
than for the French. Froissart dedicates to him the First 
Book of the Chronicles, written from the English point of 
view. But before 1373, when he became curate of Lestines, Gui de 
under the patronage of Gui de Blois, Froissart's opinions Chatillon 
began to change. Queen Philippa had died in 1369 ; he 
had come to be more and more closely drawn to the court 
of Brabant, where Wenceslas of Bohemia, husband of the 
duchess, gave his countenance to Froissart, and made him Duke 
the confidential friend to whom he gave his poems. Wenceslas 
Wenceslas, son of King John of Bohemia who fell at ^^ Brabant 
Cressy, naturally had other sympathies in connexion with 
the war than those which Froissart had represented ; while 
Gui de Chatillon, Count of Blois, was nephew of that 
saintly Charles of Blois who had died at Auray (cap. ccxxvi.), 
maintaining his right in Brittany against the English sup- 
porters of the rival claim, and his father too had died at 
Cressy on the French side. For Gui de Blois the Second 
Redaction appears to have been made between 1376 and 
1383 : it is found in two manuscripts, the chief of which, at 
Amiens, is thought by M. Luce to have been copied from 
Froissart's own writing, and from writing done in haste and 



INTRO- not very easy to read. Gui de Blois, a good knight, who 
DUCTION was hostage in England when King John was set free from 
his captivity, who like Robert of Namm- had made journeys 
in ' Pruce,'' who fought against the English in Guienne, and 
commanded the French rearguard at Roosebecke in 1382, 
was the chief patron of Froissart in the rest of his life : the 
Third Book was written about 1390 for his good master 
and lord, Gui, Count of Blois, and in the Prologue of the 
Fourth Book Froissart describes himself as ' chaplain to his 
dear lord above named,' as well as treasurer and Canon of 
Chimay and of Lille in Flanders. Gui de Blois died in 
1397, before the Chronicles came to an end, and before the 
last redaction of the First Book. 
The Duke's Froissart probably drew away from Robert of Namur 
Verses owing to a coolness between Robert of Namur and Wenceslas 

in 1371 ; down to the death of Wenceslas in 1383 Frois- 
sart was his friend and associate in poetical studies. His 
romance of Meliador, long lost but now recovered, and 
lately published, was written to introduce in it the lyrics of 
Wenceslas : poems for which Mr. R. L. Stevenson's review 
of Charles of Orleans has said by implication everything 
most to the purpose. Their music is the thinnest that 
human senses can apprehend, yet they are true and graceful 
in their own way, though there is no substance in them. 
Their author was gently born, and the piety of Froissart was 
well bestowed in honouring and preserving his poems. 

The First Book was finished about the time when Froissart 
went to Lestines, about 1373; it was revised for Gui de 
Blois (the Second Redaction) between 1376 and 1383, and in 
Blois these years and later Froissart was occupied with his Second 

Book, great part of which is the chronicle of Flanders. After 
1381, when Gui succeeded his brother John as Count of 
Blois, Froissart was made his chaplain and became Canon of 
Chimay. Between Blois and the Low Countries he saw some 
more of the world, and towards the end of 1388, in order 


to get fresh material, he made the journey to Beam that INTRO- 
rightly takes up so much room in his memoirs and in every DUCTION 
account of his life and character. 

Froissart's Third Book begins ^ with the matters, from Orthez 
1382 onward, that he learned at Orthez in 1388, concerning 
'the business of the realms of Castile, Portugal, Navarre, 
' and Aragon, yea, and of the realm of England and country 
' of Bourbonnois and Gascoyne.' In telling about these 
things he gives not only the substance but the way in 
which the stories came to him in his journey southward, and Gaston de 
also the conversations at the house of ' the high and mighty Foix 
prince Gaston, Earl of Foix and Beam.' He brought with 
him his romance of Meliador, containing the poems of 
Wenceslas of Brabant : ' the songs, ballads, rondels, and 
virelays which the gentle duke had made in his time"": and 
read the book aloud for the night's entertainment. Apart 
from historical criticism, no comment on this part of 
Froissart's life can do much more than repeat his own 
story, and that is unnecessary here, when his own story 
is to follow in its proper place, as Lord Berners has 
translated it. There is no need for any chorus to the 
tragedy of the house of Gaston Phoebus — ' the piteous 
death of Gaston, the earPs son ' — and as little for the less 
solemn passages, where Froissart told the story of Acteon, 
as possibly helping to explain the strange disease of Sir 
Peter of Beam, or where he listened to the squire's tale 
' how a spirit called Horton served the lord of Corasse a 
' long time, and brought him ever tidings from all parts of 
' the world.' From this date his manner of writing history 
changes : there is more of his personal memoirs, a greater 
freedom of discourse and of digression. It was not that he 
acquired new powers, or that he learned the art of making A Change 
his journal interesting; for his poems, it will be found, show of Method 
much the same faculty of dealing with personal matters as 
^ At the xxi. chapter of Berners' Second Volume (1525). 

g xlix 


and Effect 



the conversations of Orthez, and Froissart had of course 
from the first been a writer of reminiscences. But he 
certainly increased his freedom ; and, when he went back in 
his old age to revise his First Book, he added many circum- 
stances ' beneath the dignity of history,^ and gave, for 
example, not only the results of his early inquiries in Eng- 
land, but in some cases the way in which his researches 
were carried out : for instance, in the talk with Despencer 
already quoted. And his later visit to England is recorded, 
not in the style of the First Book, but like the visit to 
Orthez : the conversations are fully reported, and the circum- 
stances noted. Besides the information given by Sir Richard 
Stury at Eltham, it is told, in one of the memorable expres- 
sions of Froissart"'s quick sense for what was about him, that 
he and Sir Richard were walking up and down in the shade 
of a vine-trellis, while his old acquaintance of four-and- 
twenty years back explained to him the condition of Eng- 
land. Unfortunately this sentence did not come into Lord 
Berners"" Froissart : — ' Et toutes les parties qui sont icy 
' dessus contenues, celluy vaillant chevallier anchien messire 
' Richard Stury les me diet et racompta mot a mot en gam- 
' biant les galleries de Tostel a Eltem ou il faisoit moult bel 
' et moult plaisant et umbru, car icelles galleries pour lors 
' estoient toutes couvertes de vignes."* 

Froissart throve at Orthez : the generous life there and 
the favour shown to him and to his book, ' the Meliador^ 
gave him an exhilaration that does not seem to have passed 
away. He left Orthez in March 1389 in the train of the 
young Duchess of Berry. At Avignon (where he lost his 
purse) he wrote the Dit du florin, a poem about himself 
and his own fortunes, in which he shows the same kind of 
spirit as in his prose memoirs of the same date. On his 
way back to Hainault he met his old friend and patron, 
' mon tres chier et grant seigneur,' he calls him, ' mon- 
seigneur Enguerran Seigneur de Coucy,' whose life and fate 



(after Nicopolis) were so well in harmony with the legendary INTRO- 
sorrows and the chivalrous reputation of the name he bore. DUCTION 
From Enguerrand de Coucy he got news of English affairs. 
After a visit to Valenciennes and to Gui, ' the Earl of Blois,' 
he returned to Paris in time to see the entry of Queen Paris 
Isabel on Sunday the 20th of June 1389 ; he gives a very 
full account of all the shows, pageants, and devices made 
in her honour. Later, at Bruges, he collected Portuguese Bruges 
intelligence from Don John Pacheco, and finished his 
Third Book, the whole of which must have been written at 
high pressure and with great zest and spirit. In 1390 the 
Fourth Book was begun, and dedicated, like the others, to 
Gui de Blois. But Gui de Blois was not quite able to keep 
all Froissart's old devotion. He died in 1397, ruined by 
extravagance and ' accidie,' having had to sell his estate of 
Blois ; and the latter part of the Chronicles is somewhat The Fall of 
overcast by the shadow of his decline. He is not mentioned Gui de Blois 
among the patrons whom Froissart consulted before his 
visit to England in 1S94. Froissart applied for aid and New Patrons 
countenance to Albert of Bavaria, Count of Hainault, 
Holland, and Zealand, and Lord of Friesland, to his son 
William of Ostrevant, to the Duchess of Brabant, and to 
the Lords of Coucy and of Gommegines. Gui de Blois is 
remembered at his death as an honourable lord who had 
been liberal in his help to Froissart and in his encourage- 
ment of the Chronicles, but before his death his wealth Albert of 
had shrunk, and the historian had to turn elsewhere for Bavaria 
a patron. There was nothing exactly disloyal in this, and 
Albert of Bavaria was no new friend to Froissart ; but all 
the same there is something rather sad in the passing of 
Gui de Chatillon and in Froissarfs acceptance of the new 
conditions. Albert of Bavaria and his son were Knights of 
the Garter, and attached to England in their sympathies, 
and Froissart had begun to think again of a still older debt 
than that which he owed to Chatillon — his obligation to 



INTRO- Queen Philippa and her children. He returned to England 

DUCTION in July 1394. 

Naturally in this visit there was the common disappoint- 

En los nidos ment : the old nests had other birds in them. At Canterbury 

de antaUo — Froissart stood by the tomb of the Prince of Wales ; he had 
not seen Richard, King of England, since the day when the 
child was held at the font in the church of Bordeaux. 
His old acquaintances were mostly dead. But he found Sir 
Richard Stury, whom he had seen last in 1370 at the court 
of Wenceslas at Brussels, and he was well received by the 
king, who accepted graciously his richly bound and jewelled 
volume of poems : — ' in a fair book, well enlumined, all the 
matters of amours and moralities that in four and twenty 
years before I had made and compiled.' There is no attempt 
in these chapters of Froissart to keep merely to public 

Gray to history. It is in this part of his memoirs that the passages 

Wharton occur to which Gray calls attention in his letter to Wharton 
(January 23, 1760) : — ' Pray, are you come to the four Irish 
' Kings, that went to school to K. Richard the 2d.''s Master 
' of the Ceremonies ; and the man who informed Froissard 
' of all he had seen in S. Patrick's Purgatory.?' Froissart 
in England in these latter days heard the grumbling of the 
nation, from Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, down to the 
populace of London, against the misgovernment of the 
king ; and he takes notice in his own way of the same things 
as were expressed in a different manner by his contempo- 
rary, the alliterative poet, in his complaint and admonition 
to Richard the Redeless. He left England late in 1395. 
Not much is known of the rest of his life. He appears to 

Hainault have lived mostly in his own country of Hainault, working 
at his books. His history ends tragically, with the ruinous 

Last Writings defeat at Nicopolis, and with the death of King Richard. 

But this was not the last of his memoirs. After 1400, 

though he did not continue his history beyond the accession 

of Henry of Lancaster, he went back again to the First 



Book, and began re-writing it in an original way, making INTRO- 

his own that part of his Chronicles which had mainly been DUCTION 

due to Jean le Bel. This revision — the Third Redaction, 

extant in the one manuscript of Rome — goes down to 1350, 

and is very different in style from both the other versions. 

The tone, which in many places had been flattened a little 

through the transference of Jean le Bel's original narrative 

to the copy of his work in Froissart, is now freshened again 

by means of digressions, remarks, and reminiscences of 

Froissarfs own. The earlier history comes out in this last 

version more impressively through Froissart's indignation 

and distress at the fall of King Richard ; the character of 

the English nation as he describes it in the manuscript of 

Rome is determined by what he had himself observed, not 

in 1365, but thirty years later. Nothing definite is known 

of Froissart after this, and the year of his death is uncertain, and Death 


The French poets of the Fourteenth Century, the masters Froissart's 
and the contemporaries of Chaucer, have not received Poetry 
the same attention from literary historians that has been 
given to the earlier mediaeval schools. No one has set 
himself to explain and characterise them as M. Gaston 
Paris and his pupils have described the triumphs of the 
Thirteenth and the Fourteenth Centuries, the Arthurian 
Romances, Reynard, the Fabliaux, the early lyrical 
poetry of France, the Romaunt of the Rose. And they 
are still too mediaeval — Guillaume de Machaut, Eustache 
Deschamps, and Froissart — for the professors of modern 
literature, who regard the Middle Ages as merely a pre- 
serve for philologists and antiquarians, and who find that 
one chanson de geste is the same as another, and none of 
them really worth much notice from an educated taste or a 
serious historian. Fortunately the texts of these poets have 
not been neglected, though their value has not been fully 



INTRO- estimated for the history of literature. One can form one's 

DUCTION own opinion, with the scholarly Editions of the poetry of 

Froissart and of Eustache Deschamps, easily accessible as 

they are, and with Chaucer"'s earlier poetry to help one to 

an understanding of their motives. Nor should the essay of 

M. Sandras be omitted,^ in which he tries to reduce Chaucer 

to, the rank of a mere dependent on his French instructors, 

and does no harm to Chaucer thereby, while he illustrates 

Machaut and Deschamps, and gives a clue to some of the 

The Spell mazes of that Garden of the Rose in which the French poets 

of the Rose were fond of walking. 

All the poets of that school were servants of the Rose, 
believers in the Romaunt of the Rose, and their office might 
be regarded as a kind of lyrical variation or descant on the 
themes given out in the authoritative text of Guillaume de 
Lorris, from which, as from a perennial fountain, their jets 
of ballades and virelays are refreshed and supplied : — 

'The God of Love^ a ! benedicite, 
How mighty and how great a lord is he ! ' 

These poets, with Chaucer in his youth, are of the house- 
hold of that lord, and find their way to his Garden in the 
dream of a May morning ; and their poems have the dreamy 
The Garden charm of the place, so indescribable, yet so distinct even 
of Dreams from the things that are most like it, such as the Provencal 
poems, or those of Petrarch, which are akin to the Rose 
indeed, but not in the same close degree as the makings 
of Machaut, Froissart, and Chaucer. This common bond 
of loyalty, however, does not explain everything in that 
fellowship of poets, and Froissart, like Chaucer, has more 
than one way. It has perhaps been too often and too 
hastily taken for granted that in the French school of 
the Fourteenth Century there was nothing more than the 

^ ^tude sur G. Chaucer j considiri comme imiiateur des trouvlres. Paris, 



lyrical repetition of the old conventional amatory motives INTRO- 
in the form of ballades, rondels, and chansons royales, having DUCTION 
great beauty of poetical form, in narrow limits, but without 
variety or novelty apart from the systems of the rhythms 
and the rhymes. If there had been nothing more, there 
would still have been Chaucer's Complaint to Pity and 
' Hyd Absolon thy gilte tresses clere "* ; and also that 
most exquisite deliverance of Chaucer's finest poetical 
sense, the lament of Anelida. But there would not have 
been the dialogue in the Parliament of Birds ; and even the 
Book of the Duchess, closely as it conforms in most respects 
to the tradition of the Rose, is not altogether a dream. It 
is not strange that Chaucer should very early have found 
the ways of the French tradition too strait for him. But 
the French authors also, though they had not the same 
poetical career before them, are free to go beyond the limits 
of the Rose ; the poetry of Froissart and Deschamps, if there 
be nothing in it like the Canterbury Pilgrims, is at least as 
free as the Parliament of Birds or the House of Fame ; and The Pageant 
besides the beauty of their ballades and rondels (which any of ^^^^ 
churlish classical person may disparage if he choose) there 
is an amount of humorous and satirical poetry that is hardly 
recognised by those who think the Middle Ages wanting in 
the modern qualities of wit and worldly elegance. The 
passages where Froissart tells things about his own life are 
as sound, as clear, as free from ' Gothic ' encumbrance as 
even Swift's autobiographical verses. What is most of all 
to our purpose, they illustrate the Chronicles. The motive 
of Froissart in the Chronicles is not altogether purely the 
love of exploits and prowess or the desire to praise famous 
men. Happily, in many parts of his work, especially in 
the latter part of the Chronicles, as has been seen, the 
memoir-writer gets the better of politics and the art of 
war, and reveals the true extent of his theme, which is 
nothing less than human experience as understood and 




and explained 
by Froissart 
the Poet. 


remembered by himself. Froissart declares himself at last 
in the chapters on his visit to Beam, so very different from 
the history of the wars. In the first part of his work he 
does not talk about himself, and report conversations with 
the same fulness. He does not, unluckily, report the talk 
by the way during his visit to Scotland as he does the con- 
versations with Sir Espaing de Lyon on their journey to 
Orthez. The earlier notes are given without their setting. 
Stirling and Dalkeith and the evening's entertainment there 
are not described in the same manner as the nights at 
Orthez in the house of the Count of Foix. The new 
method that he adopts for 1388, and had not used for 
1365, is not to be ascribed merely to ' the tattling quality 
of age,"" nor yet altogether to a maturing of his style, an 
enlargement of his scope, a growing freedom from the dignity 
of history. No doubt there was a development of this sort 
going on : he felt that there might be enough of battles, 
sieges, and ambuscades; why should he not indulge his 
genius.'' But his genius had found its way before this in 
the memoir notes that he put into various poems, and his 
poems show him as he really is more intimately than the 
more important historical pieces of his Chronicles : a man 
pleased with the recollection of anything that has happened 
to him, an average good-humoured Epicurean temperament 
quickened into something finer by his sense of a continuous 
excitement in the mere process of living, and with a gift 
of expression in which his memoirs shape themselves for 
narrative. The short poem on his horse Grisel and his 
greyhound coming back from Scotland is a specimen of 
Froissart's mind. It is like a poem for a child, telling how 
the horse and the dog exchanged remarks on life and on 
their master. ' See what hard work I have,' says the horse, 
' with so much to carry, while you run free ! ' ' But con- 
' sider,"* says the greyhound, ' how well our master cares for 
' you, how he goes to see that you are fed, how you are 


' given a comfortable lodging and a bed of straw or fern, INTRO- 
' while I am tied up at the door or anywhere to keep DUCT I ON 
' watch "* ; and so on. In all which, besides the fluent verse, 
there is nothing remarkable, except that Froissart on his 
travels should have amused himself by thinking into rh3rme 
the common trials of his companions — he was fond of 
animals — and the common charities of the road. There 
is no heightening nor idealising nor ornamentation of the The Master- 
subject; nothing much more than a pleasant appreciation of ^^*}% of 
what is happening about him in an ordinary day's journey ; ^^^^^"-^ 
without any epithet or any poetical diction he draws toward 
his inn. Froissart has set down in verse, using his horse 
and dog to speak for him, his record of the fact that his 
heart leaps up when he beholds the church spire at the end 
of the day"'s stage, and knows that it means an inn not very 
far off. This is outside the allegorical garden, and it reveals 
the same good-tempered and frank enjoyment of life that 
carried Froissart through so much. Life is generally so 
interesting to him that he has no time to be wearied. 
Though the mass of his writing is large, it never looks like 
task- work. Tristiiia was one of the Seven Sins for which 
he had no inclination. Hence his writings move most easily ; 
he is never preoccupied, and has always time to spare. 
The romance of Meliador — which, to be sure, is not a very 
substantial work, for all its length — would seem to have 
been turned out as a sort of amusement, a relaxation from 
the claims of history. In the same way that other good- 
natured man, Froissarfs contemporary, Boccaccio — ' John of Froissart, 
the Tranquillities ' — might lapse into Tuscan verse or prose Boccaccio, 
as a relief from his serious labour at the Genealogy of the 
Gods or the history of the Falls of Princes. Chaucer was and Chaucer 
less mercurial than his French and Italian compeers, and 
shows more sign of study in his writings, and less levity. 
But Froissart, Chaucer, and Boccaccio deserve to be remem- 
bered together in honour of the century in which they lived 
h Ivii 

Nature and 


INTRO- as the three great writers who have least of the writer"'s 
DUCTION melancholy. 

At the first glance there is a temptation to think of 
Froissarfs poetry and his Chronicles as roughly correspond- 
ing to the difterence between Chaucer's earlier and later 
poems : as though the Chronicles and all Froissart's his- 
torical researches implied the same kind of turning towards 
real life, the same kind of discontent with the shadows of 
the Rose, as may be found in Chaucer''s literary progress, in 
the difference between the Complaint to Pity (for example) 
and the Canterbury Prologue. Froissart, we might imagine, 
like Chaucer, grew weary of the allegorical landscape and 
the visionary actors, of Beau-Semblant, Bel-Accueil, and 
Franc- Vouloir, even of the heroes and heroines, Paris and 
Helen, Tristram and Iseult, ' Polixena et Dame Equo,' and 
the other gentle ghosts of the Lovers' Paradise. But this 
anticipation is hardly borne out by the facts of Froissarfs 
nature or the succession of his works. It is not exactly 
true of Chaucer that he ever gave up anything : the 
pageant of the Legend of' Good Women is later than the 
strong life of his Troilus and Creseyde. Of Froissart it is 
even less to be affirmed that he intentionally withdrew from 
the artifice of the fashionable poetry because he was tired 
of it and wanted something more real to break his mind 
upon. His occupation (or his diversion) with the romance 
of Meliador shows that he kept up both interests at once. 
But besides this it has to be remembered that the courtly 
school itself allowed its poets to deal pretty freely with 
real life. The rules of their Paradise were not so strict as 
in the time of Tannhauser : they could go in and out much 
as they chose. It is easy to distinguish the poems or the 
parts of their poems in which they keep to the full ritual of 
the old observance of the Rose, and again the poems where 
cheerfulness is seen breaking in, where the light is daylight, 
where the tone is that of urbane conversation, or at least as 

Life and the 
ritual of the 


near it as was possible for a Fourteenth Century author of INTRO- 
moral essays in verse. In the scope of his poetry Froissart DUCTION 
is not very different from Clement Marot. The wit and Proissart and 
good humour of poems like the Dit du florin are the proper the Satirists 
things for what was originally called Satire by its Roman 
inventors, and the old Horatian tag upon Lucilius, the 
Boswellian motto, is not out of place in connexion with 
the poetry of Froissart ; for though much of it belongs to 
the schools of the mediaeval amorists, its character as a 
whole is rather that of confessions, impressions, notes and 
criticisms of life : — 

Quo fit ut omnis 

Votiva pateat veluti descripta tabella 

Vita senis. 

His poems got some share of his confidences, his prose 
memoirs had the rest, and the life of ' Sir John Froissart of 
the country of Hainan It "* is shown in them like a picture. 


The original author of most of this present First Volume Jean le Bel 
is Jean le Bel, canon of St. Lambert of Liege, who, according 
to the chronicler Jean d'Outremeuse, of the same city and 
of the canon's household, ' placed great care and all good 
' diligence in this matter, and continued it all his life as 
' justly as he could, and much it cost him to collect and gain 
* it.' Jean le Bel died about 1370, over eighty years old. 
Along with his brother Henry he took part in the expedi- 
tion of Jean de Beaumont in 1327, which brought him to 
York, Northumberland, and Scotland, along with the army 
of King Edward. He appears in Berners (cap, xv.) as * syr 
John de Libeaux,' among the Hesbegnons of Hesbaye. 

Jean de Hemricourt, in the Miroir des nobles de Hesbaye^ 
gives an account of Jean le Bel and his way of life that His Way of 
shows him to have possessed the virtue of magnificence, ^^^^ 
besides his faculty of writing sound history. He was one 





Character and 

Talent and 



of the most splendid persons of his time, ' of frank and 
noble conditions and richly dressed,"* 'grand et hauz et 
personables de riches habits et stofFes,"* with ermine, sendal, 
and precious stones ; ' the fashion of his house was this, and 
he had in this way instructed his squires of honour that 
without consulting their master if they saw any gentle 
stranger, whether prelate or knight or squire, they invited 
him forthwith to dinner or supper, and any prince who 
visited Liege was brought to dine with Jean le Bel. When 
he went to church on holidays there was as large a follow- 
ing as for the Bishop of Liege, forty or fifty in his train, 
who all came to dinner with him afterwards ; he was looked 
up to as their head by his kinsfolk and friends, and took 
care of their advancement. He had good natural sense 
and good demeanour more than most men, he was blithe 
and gay and glad, and could make songs and virelays, and 
followed mirth and pastime ; and in this course of life he 
obtained both heritages and pensions. By the grace of 
God he lived all his days in prosperity and good health, 
and was more than eighty years old when he died, and 
according to his rank were his obsequies reverently and 
costly carried out. He left great possessions to two sons, 
twins, named John and Giles, who were born to him when 
he was old of a damsel of good family belonging to the 
house of Des Prez.' The description of Jean le BePs mag- 
nificence might make one a little anxious about his talent 
for literature — it is consistent with florid tastes ; but of 
these there is no sign in his Chronicles, and his narrative has 
less affinity with the ermine and sendal and the rich display 
of his household than with the habits of warfare which he 
learned in following his lord Jean de Beaumont. His client, 
Jean de Hemricourt, has said not a word too much in prais- 
ing the liberal mind of his master : Jean le Bel had a clear 
head and a frank bearing, and his Chronicles are not affected 
by any touch of vainglory. He had imagination, among 


other things, and was a lover of heroic poetry ; though it is INTRO- 
not so pronounced as in some of the earlier French his- DUCTION 
torical prose, there is in Jean le Bel the tone of the epic 
language, the phrasing of the chansons de gesie ; it has 
been noted also in Froissart. In Jean le Bel's expedition 
in England with John of Hainault the places that belonged 
to King Arthur gain his attention, and he is pleased when 
he writes the name of ' Carduel in Wales which was in the Observer 
days of Arthur,' or 'a white abbey which in the days of 
King Arthur was called the Blanche Landed and again, ' the 
castle of Windsor that King Arthur built, and where 
the Table Round was first established.' He remembers the 
famous sieges made by Charlemagne, Alexander, and God- 
frey; and compares the valour shown at Nevill's Cross to 
that of Roland and Oliver. He has the same motive as 
Froissart in bringing out the prowess of good knights and in 
recording the grans apertises d'armes. At the same time Thinker 
his judgment is unclouded by any of the magic mists of 
romance ; the vigour of his story is not sophisticated, and 
indeed his story was begun in a sort of protest against 
the marvellous exaggerations of common minstrels, the 
* jongliours et enchantours en place,' as Froissart calls them 
in his reference to Jean le Bel's antipathy for their fables. 
He writes for ' persons of reason and understanding,' gens de His public 
raison et d''entendement, in order to displace the bourdes 
controuvdes, 'the multitude of words invented and repeated to 
' embellish the rhyme, and the crowd of wonderful achieve- 
' ments told of certain knights and other persons,' all out of 
measure, and more likely to discredit the subjects of them 
by their impossibility than in any way to do them honour. 
This pursuit of a true method is justified by the talents of Method 
Jean le Bel ; his praise of ' soothfastness ' is by no means a 
conventional opening or a hackneyed depreciation of rival 
authors. Nor does it mean anything prosaic or dull : such 
things are far removed from the generous heart whose ways 



INTRO- were described by Jean de Hemricourt. He is the author of 
DUCTION some of the best known and most highly honoured things in 
Achievement Froissart : the chapters on the surrender of Calais and the 
devotion of Eustache de St. Pierre, and on the death of the 
Bruce, He wrote the often-quoted account of the Scots 
and their warfare, from his own observation ; and Froissart, 
though he studied the same subject on the same ground, 
did not cancel the report of Jean le Bel in favour of any 
newer notes of his own. One chapter he struck out, because 
he would not believe it true ; but true or not, it remains as 
one of the finest things in old French prose — the tragic 
story of the Countess of Salisbury, the dishonour of King 
Edward, and the sentence spoken on him by the wronged 
earl, more lofty, more magnanimous, and more impressive in 
its power of condemnation than the revenge taken upon 
Tarquin. Jean le Bel, who can use with good effect the 
ordinary easy conversational language of mediaeval French 
chroniclers, can also rise to the height of a tragic argument 
in phrases of as much severity and dignity as any Roman 
author would have found appropriate for such a theme. 
Froissart has left out other things also which are worth 
As edited by reading in the original Chronicle. Jean le Bel has a character 
Froissart of his own ; and though Froissarfs editing is most judicious 
for his own purposes, it is not quite the same thing as Jean 
le Bel speaking in his own person. Jean le Bel was at York 
in 1327 and Froissart was not ; so naturally there is a differ- 
ence in the two versions. Froissart keeps everything that 
he can, but he cannot keep the directness and immediate 
force of the older historian^'s remarks on what he actually 
saw : — ' Incontinent after dinner there began a great fray 
' between some of the grooms and pages of the strangers and 
' the archers of England who were lodged among them in the 
As he was ' said suburbs."" Froissart gives all this, but he cannot speak 
of it as Jean le Bel goes on to do: — ' And I myself, who was 
' there present, could not enter my lodging to arm me, 


' myself and my companions, so many English did I find INTRO- 
' about our doors in a mind to wreck and plunder at large ; DUCTION 
' and we saw the arrows flying so thick upon us that it 
' behoved us to withdraw to another place and wait the 

* event along with the others/ And ' we fell into the hatred 
' of all the country except the great lords ; the people hated 

' us worse than the Scots who were burning their country.' Things seen 
The narrator who can say ' we ' has an advantage over one ^^^ Things 
who says ' they "" ; and Jean le Bel, who saw the smoke of "®*''" 
the Scottish fires with his own eyes, is worth listening to 
apart from Froissart. The smoke of an invading enemy 
seems to have dwelt in his imagination, for he brings it in 
vividly in his account of 1346, and Froissart here has not 
kept the touch that emphasises the weakness of the French 
king : — ' How was it that King Philip who was at Paris a 
' bare seven leagues away, with all his power of lords and 

* men at arms that he had summoned for defence of the 
' country, how was it that he did not fall upon those 
' enemies who were making their smoke and flames fly over 
' his head in Paris, or why did he not at least defend the 
' passage of the river ? *■ 

Jean le BePs criticism of the two kings is also left out by 
Froissart, but it is a fine piece of historical censure. Room 
may be found for it here, not only as an historical note on 
the matters contained in this First Volume, but even more in 
order to show the independent value of Jean le BePs historical 
judgment and his gift of plain speaking : — 

' Some who shall hear this history read will wonder why I call England and 
the King of England " the noble King Edward/' but the other France corn- 
simply " King Philip of France " ; so they might think and ima- P^^ed 
gine that I maintained a side and a party. With due respect, 
I do not write thus out of party leanings, but I do it to honour 
him who in this history bears himself most nobly : that is the 
noble King Edward, for whom no honour is too great; for in all 
his needs he has always taken good counsel, and listened to his 



INTRO- people, knights and squires, and honoured each in his degree, 
DUCTION and well defended his realm against his enemies, and made 
large conquests upon them, and ventured his own body at home 
and forth of his realm along with his men unwavering, and has 
well paid his soldiers and allies, and freely given of his own : 
therefore he ought to be willingly served by all and everywhere 
have the name of noble king. Not thus has the King of France 
acted, but has let his land in many marches be exiled and 
wasted, and has in all places kept himself so as to ease his 
person and keep from danger; and has always trusted poor 
counsel of clerks and prelates, and even of those who said to 
him, " Sir, be not dismayed and run no risk of your life, for 
hardly will you guard against treason ; who can tell that any 
man is loyal ? But let this young King of England waste his 
time in folly and spend his substance ; his smoke will not take 
the kingdom from you, and when he has spent all he must go 
back; he has not yet conquered Boulogne, Amiens or Saint 
Omer; when he is gone you may easily make good your 
losses." Such counsellors King Philip followed, not the lords 
and barons of his country ; but some he put to shameful death, 
and their heirs disherited. The less should be his praise and 
honour among all men. Withal, he sore oppressed his country 
under taxes, and the churches with tithes, and forged bad 
money in different places, and again called it in and uttered 
better, and again debased it, so that in trade there was no 
certainty. And the soldiers were never well paid, but often 
had to spend of their own, in fault of payment, and also had 
often to sell their horse and armour before they found the pay- 
masters. A prince who thus behaves himself ought to have 
the less love from his men ; and it is great pity and loss when 
by ill counsel the realm of France that had surmounted all the 
world in honour, wit, learning, chivalry, merchandise and all 
good things is thus tormented and to this mischief brought by 
its enemies and itself, that he who ought to be lord of it is 
captive, and nearly all the lords and knights of the land are 
dead or in prison. Verily I believe it is by miracle that God 
suffers it so to be. And now I will leave off, I can say no more 


than this, and will return to our matter to speak of the noble INTRO- 
King Edwardj whom all should love, praise, and honour, for well DUCTION 
he has deserved it; God be praised.' 

The recovery and publication of Jean le Bel's authentic Les Vrayes 
work ^ is a gain not so much of new material for French chroniques 
history as of an author with a mind and style of his own, 
who now has his proper place among the masters of the 
French tongue. He has not the variety nor the wide range 
of Froissart. But he writes like a man of honour and a 
man of good sense, acquainted with great affairs and able to 
find the right words for them. 

Incidentally, and apart from the matter of his book, Jean le Bel 
Jean le Bel will always be interesting through the contrast in Life and 
between the quiet tone of his narrative and the apparent ^^^^ ^® -^^^ 
pomp and glory of his manner of living. It must perplex a ^"^ ^ 
moralist to find this very unaffected story coming from a 
man of such splendid ways as those described by the clerk 
of Hesbaye ; while it might also puzzle an economist to 
explain how the revenue of Jean le Bel was increased under 
those conditions, which look so much like mere ostentation 
and prodigality. Such resolution and independence are not 
easily found in so rich a house. The contrast is like that in 
the case of Chaucer's Monk, from whom, as he is described 
in the Prologue, one would not expect the ' Tragedies ' that 
he afterwards recites, nor the gravity of his mood and dis- 


Froissart's Chronicles have been found wanting in many Froissart 
respects, and their credit has been damaged in several places explained 
by exact historical criticism ; but these blemishes, even from and justified 
the scientific point of view, are small in comparison to his 

^ Les Vrayes chroniques de Messire fehan le Bel. Edited in two volumes 
by M. Polain, Brussels, 1863. 

i Ixv 


blant or Bel- 
Accueil ? 

The Litera- 
ture of 

Poetry and 


merits and the great amount of news of all sorts that 
he has collected and exhibited. Was it possible for him 
to have done more than he did by way of 'justifying' 
his history ? The wonder is that he could have done so 
much, when we consider what a great mass of writing is 
published as his work, in prose and verse. And not all of 
his work is extant. There was hardly time for him to do 
more. Between his researches, his taking of notes, his 
composition of new chapters for his Chronicles and his 
revision of old work, besides his songs and virelays, his 
moral poems, and the leisurely romance of Meliador, he can 
seldom have been idle. He was not negligent, though 
he may have made mistakes ; and it is hard to see how 
he could have spent his time better than he did, if he was 
to accomplish the enormous labour he had set himself to 
get through. 

Was he the historian of a declining age, of false chivalry ? 
He has been so represented, but it is not easy to accept this 
opinion about him. He is spoken of sometimes as if his 
Chronicles were a romance of chivalry, without substance or 
gravity, as if all the life in it were a pageant or a tourna- 
ment. But is this really so ? 

Froissart has the French character of the Fourteenth Cen- 
tury. He notes, by the way, that the English think every 
one French who uses the Gallic tongue; but although he 
would not call himself French, there is no injustice in giving 
liim the common qualities of the French courtly authors in 
the time in which he lived. French literature in the Four- 
teenth Century had undoubtedly not a little vanity in it. 
The court poetry of Froissart and his contemporaries, includ- 
ing Chaucer, was living on ideas and imaginations that had 
begun to lose their youth and freshness even before the days 
of Guillaume de Lorris, a hundred years and more before 
Froissart was born. The motives of the old French heroic 
romances were exhausted, and Meliador is the dream of a 



shadow; the old lyric motives of Provence and of the Proven9al INTRO- 
schools in other languages had been repeated for generations DUCTION 
before the poets of ballades and rondels adopted new metrical 
forms without changing the spirit or the common ideas 
of the old tradition. Meliador, both in Froissarfs narrative 
couplets and in the rondels and virelays of Duke Wenceslas, 
is all reminiscence and repetition of conventional common 
forms, and Meliador is a representative book : if one wish 
to know what chivalrous poetry had come to in 1380, it is 
to be found there. It has graces indeed, but there is no 
strength in it. The strength of poetry is elsewhere at that 
time : in the Italian study of classical literature and in 
Chaucer''s following of the Italians. 

But this does not dispose of Froissarfs Chronicles, and 
even Froissarfs poetry, it has been seen, is not all conven- 
tion and repetition. It is true that in many respects his 
age was one of literary exhaustion, and it is true also that 
Froissart remained all his life insensible to the chief new 
sources of literary strength that were accessible in his time : Froissart's 
he had no interest in what was being done in Italy, and in Limitations 
spirit he came no nearer to his contemporary Petrarch than 
if they had been living in separate worlds or with a thousand 
years between them. Italy made no impression on him 
when he travelled there, and is incomparably less valuable Italy and 
to him than Spain, which he had never seen. He notes the Spain 
fortunes of Sir John Hawk wood and his companies in Italy, 
and some of the business of the Papacy, and with some 
detail and in his best manner the rise of the Visconti at 
Milan ; but he did not know nor care what Petrarch and 
Boccaccio were about, and he brought back from his Italian 
travels nothing in the smallest degree resembling the acquisi- 
tions of Chaucer. He was made for the world he lived in ; 
and the meteors that were flickering here and there as 
intimations of a change that was drawing on, the restless- 
ness, the misgivings by which the spirit of Petrarch was 



INTRO- disquieted, had no effect on Froissart, and lay beyond his 
DUCTION consciousness. Froissarfs soul was at ease : — 

* Coer qui re9oit en bon gre 
Ce que le temps li envoie 
En bien^ en plaisance, en joie. 
Son eage use en sante^ 
Partout dire I'oseroie. ' ^ 

, These moral sentiments of Froissart express his own mind 

thoroughly : — he took in good part whatever Time sent him, 
and spent his life happily, quite at home in the world where 
Petrarch he found himself. No one would go to him for anything 

like those intimations of vast unachieved discoveries in 
literature such as perplex and disturb the life of Petrarch — 
' dreaming on things to come ' — and make him what he is 
for every one who has come under his influence. If Froissart 
had known the letters of Petrarch he would not have liked 
nor understood them ; he would have dismissed them with 
another of his moral verses, in which the old proverbial 
judgment is reiterated against those who look for better 
bread than is made of good wheat : — 

' C'est grant folie de querir 
Meilleur pain que de bon froment.' ^ 

But if Froissart, compared to Petrarch, be wanting in 
depth and originality, wanting in perception for anything 
beyond the ordinary ranges of life, it is not just to put 
him down as limited or partial in his treatment of his own 
Froissart's proper ground. If his work be superficial — and this is what 
Qualities is alleged against him, — at any rate there is a good extent 
of surface, and many things come into the picture besides 
the vainglory of the age of chivalry. To judge from some 
accounts of him, one might imagine that there was a tour- 
nament on every second page, and that the matter of the 
Chronicles was the same as that of Meliador, where indeed 


n Espinette, 1. 102 1 ; virelay. 

Trisor amoureux : Poesies, Ed. Scheler, iii. p. 



the vanities have their own way, and ample room to display INTRO- 
themselves. The knight-errant, it is true, is there, as he is DUCTION 
in Chaucer's Prologue^ come back from Pruce or Gemade. Veracity 
But Robert of Namur or Guy of Chatillon is no more 
fantastic than Chaucer'^s Knight; and as for tournaments, 
if they are a sign of decay, then the age of chivalry was 
already far gone long before this, for tournaments are made 
more of in the sober biography of William the Marshall 
than in Froissarfs Chronicles. When it is said that Froissart 
writes as if the whole of life were one long holiday for lords 
and knights, is there not some confusion between the temper 
of the historian and the things he writes about? Un- 
doubtedly Froissart takes the whole of life with enjoyment, 
and his Chronicles, in spite of the falls of princes, are not 
depressing to read. Nor is the Decline and Fall of the Froissart and 
Roman Empire : it was written by an historian with the Gibbon 
same invincibly happy temperament as Froissart. But the 
contented minds of Froissart and Gibbon do not mis- 
represent the facts by leaving out afflictions and distresses. 
Though Froissart may be kept alive for his fifty years of 
chronicle-writing by an equanimity of nature that protects 
him from the strain of tragic emotions and from melancholy, 
and though his demeanour, like Gibbon's, may be too placid 
for readers with a taste for gloom and fire in historical 
pictures, he does not cover up the miseries of life or cry 
peace when there is no peace. It is not a theatrical or 
unreal life in his pages : it is not the less real because it 
is showy in some of its aspects ; and most of the fighting 
in it is not showy, but grim enough. Froissart is no more 
ostentatious with his banners and pennons waving in the 
wind than the Books of Moses are, when they go into 
details about knops and bowls and lavers, and ram-skins 
dyed red. And much of the warfare in Froissart, as in 
Jean le Bel, is chivalrous just in the sense that any war 
may be chivalrous where there is courage and heroism. It 


and Morris 


INTRO- would not be grossly misleading to say of Froissart that life 
DUCTION as he represents it is all ambuscades and surprises, hungry 
and heavy marching in pursuit of invisible enemies, all 
weariness, wounds, death, and captivity of good knights. 
The end of Chandos was rather wretched : — ' he slode and 
fell down at the joining with his enemies,'' and a squire gave 
him his death-wound with a stroke coming on his blind side, 
for he had only one eye. The Captal died in prison, and 
Sir Enguerrand of Coucy died broken-hearted in captivity 
among the Turks, after he had seen the butchery at Nicopolis, 
the most pitiful and most shameful ruin of the best knight- 
hood of Christendom. 

It would be easier to prove Froissart a writer of sad stories 
than a chronicler of the false splendours of chivalry, if one 
were set down with his book before one to find illustra- 
tive passages by turning over his pages. William Morris 
in his poems from Froissart (in the Defence of' Guinevere 
volume) has discovered more of the spirit of his history 
than the professed historians who complain of his levity 
and cheerfulness. Froissart, it is true, does not ponder 
much on themes like those of Sir Peter Harpdoris End or 
Concerning Geoffrey Teste Noire ; but he knows the cruelty 
of war, and if he had wanted knowledge of such griefs, and 
of the way human beings are wrung by them, he might have 
learned from Jean le BeFs heroic work what such things 
are. But he did not need this instruction. 

Froissart's wars are no doubt influenced by the chivalrous 
ideal, which counted for something in the life of the Four- 
teenth Century. Don Quixote, if he had lived in the time 
of Chaucer''s Knight, would have been considered sound in 
his principles and not remarkably extravagant in his manner 
of expressing himself. He might have justified himself by 
the example of the English knights-bachelors in 1337, who 
went to win their ladies' grace in the fields of France, each 
with a patch over one eye. He might have quoted the 


The Ways 
of Chivalry 


companion of Ywain of Wales, on the French side in 1369, INTRO- 
who was commonly called the Pursuivant of Love. King DUCTION 
John of France founded the Company of the Star, which 
was to be like the Round Table of King Arthur; and 
Chandos and a French lord disputed before Poitiers because 

* each of them bare one manner of device, a blue lady 

* embroidered in a sunbeam above on their apparel/ But if 

this be vanity, it is not all that Froissart has to tell : the The Reality 

battle of Poitiers was a real battle, and not a mere thing '^^ Poitiers 

in a story-book. Froissart imderstands the gentlemen who 

went into war 'their bodies to advance/ to win honour; 

but it is no design of his to turn them into absolute 

romantic knights. Froissart, who could write verse about 

a small boy making dams in running water at Valenciennes, 

was not offended by real things, and never tried to alter 

the reports he got (from James Audley and others) in order 

to make his Chronicles look more like the adventures of 

Meliador. He shows no preference for the kind of fighting 

which is most like tournaments. Joinville praises a battle 

in which there is nothing but clean strokes in the mellay, 

no interference of bolts or arrows; but Froissart knows many 

different kinds of fighting, and does not disparage any of 

them for the sake of that which was of course the noblest. 

His great captains and his other valiant men are not reduced 

to the abstract type of chivalry. Bertrand du Guesclin is 

perhaps not treated with full justice by Froissart, but at 

any rate he is one of the ' prowest,"* and he is very different 

from the conventional romantic hero. Froissart understands 

the practical hard-working military man, from Edward the 

Black Prince, Sir Walter Manny, Sir John Chandos, Bertrand 

du Guesclin, Oliver Clisson, to the less eminent ranks of 

Sir Robert Knolles and Sir John Hawkwood, and lower than 

these the chiefs of brigands. Bacon, Crokart, Geoffrey Teste 

Noire, and Aymerigot Marcel. The adventures are varied, 

the men engaged in them are not all alike. 



INTRO- Froissart's story resembles Barbour's in many places — not 
DUCTION only where they are telling of the same matter in the same 
Froissart order, as in the scene of the death of the Bruce, but where 
and Barbour the same kind of incident is found in different places. The 
' sleights "" of Barbour are like the * subtilties ' of Froissart, 
especially where there are fortresses to be taken. Any one 
who has been told that Froissart is all tournaments and 
vanity should read the story of the ingenious person who 
won the city and castle of Evreux, ' the which as than was 
French,"* in Berners, cap. clxxvi. : how he talked pleasantly 
to the captain and got into the castle, with authentic news 
that the kings of Denmark and Ireland had made an 
alliance and were going to destroy all England. It might 
have had a place among the ' interludes and jeopardies ' of 
the Bruce, along with the story of William Bunnock at 
Linlithgow or the ' trains ' made by Sir James Douglas. 
Omissions Some of the liveliest of Froissart's episodes did not find 

their way into the vulgate text, and so did not reach Lord 
Berners. One of these is the game of chess between King 
Edward and the Countess of Salisbury ; another is the story 
of Oliver de Mauny at the siege of Rennes. They are worth 
considerably more than most commentaries and criticisms, 
and the readers of Froissart may be left to form their own 
judgment upon them, as upon the rest of the book to which 
these omitted chapters belong. This is the story of the 
king's game of chess. In Berners, cap. Ixxvii. (p. 195 in 
this volume), it reads, ' All that day the kyng taryed ther,' 
etc. From that point the fuller version goes on as follows, 
unhappily not in the English of Lord Berners : — 

King Edward ' After dinner the tables were removed. Then the king sent 
plays Chess lord Reynold Cobham and lord Richard Stamford to the host 
and the companions who were lodged under the castle to know 
how they did, and that they should make ready, for he wished 
to ride on and follow the Scots, and that they should send on all 
the carriages and the munitions, and by the evening he would 


be with them. And he ordered the Earl of Pembroke to make INTRO- 
the rear-guard with five hundred lances, and that they should DUCTION 
wait for him on the field till he should come, and all the rest 
should ride forward. The two barons did all as he commanded. 

' And he remained still in the castle with the lady, and hoped 
that before his departure he would have response more agree- 
able than he had had as yet. So he called for chess, and the 
lady had it brought in. Then the king asked the lady to play 
with him, and she consented gladly, for she made him all the 
good cheer that she might. And well was she bound thereto, for 
the king had done her a fair service in raising the siege of the 
Scots before the castle, and again she was obliged because the 
king was her right and natural lord in fealty and homage. At 
the outset of the game of chess, the king, who wished that 
something of his might be won by the lady, challenged her, 
laughing, and said, " Madam, what will your stake be at the 
game?" And she answered: "And yours, sir?" Then the 
king set down on the board a fair ring that he wore with a 
large ruby. Then said the countess, " Sir, sir, I have no ring 
so rich as yours is." " Madam," said the king, " that which 
you have, set it down, and consider not so narrowly." 

* Then the countess to please the king drew from her finger 
a light ring of gold of no great worth. And they played at 
chess together, the lady with all the wit and skill she could, 
that the king might not hold her for too simple and ignorant ; 
and the king played false, and would not play as well as he 
knew. And there was scarce pausing between the moves but 
the king looked so hard on the lady that she was all put out of 
countenance, and made mistakes in her play. And when the 
king saw that she had lost a rook or a knight or what not, he 
would lose also to restore the lady's game. 

'They played on till at last the king lost, and was checkmate 
with a bishop. Then the lady rose and called for the wine 
and comfits, for the king, as it seemed, was about to depart. 
And she took her ring and put it on her finger, and she 
would fain have had the king take back his own again, and 
presented it to him and said : "Sir, it is not meet that in my 

k Ixxiii 


INTRO- house I should take anything of yours, but rather you should 

DUCTION take of mine." " Nay, madam," said the king, " but the game 

Kinff Edward ^^^ made it so, and if I had won be assured that I should 

plays Chess have carried yours away." The countess would not press the 

king further, but went to one of her damsels, and gave her the 

ring, and said : " When you shall see that the king has gone 

out, and taken leave of me, and is about to mount his horse, 

do you go forward and render him his ring again, courteously, 

and say that in no wise will I retain it, for it is not mine." 

And the damsel answered that so she would readily do. 

'At this the wine and the comfits came in. And the king 
would not take of them before the lady, nor the lady before 
him, and there was there a great debate all in mirth between 
them. Finally it was agreed, to make it short, that it should 
be together, as soon the one as the other. After this, and 
when the king's knights had all drunk, the king took leave of 
the lady, and said to her aloud, so that no one should comment 
upon it : " Madam, you abide in your house, and I will go to 
follow my enemies." The lady at these words courtesied low 
before the king. And the king freely took her by the hand and 
pressed it a little, to his contentment, in sign of love. And 
the king watched until knights and damsels were busy taking 
leave of one another ; then he came forward again to say two 
words alone : " My dear lady, to God I commend you till I 
return again, praying you to advise you otherwise than you have 
said to me." " My dear lord," answered the lady, " God the 
Father glorious be your conduct, and put you out of all base 
and dishonourable thoughts, for I am and ever shall be ready 
to serve you to your honour and mine." 

' Then the king went out of the room, and the countess also, 
who conveyed him to the hall where his palfrey was. Then 
the king said that he would not mount while the lady was there, 
so to make it short the countess took her full and final leave 
of the king and his knights and returned to her bower with 
her maidens. When the king was about to mount, the damsel 
whom the countess had instructed came to the king and knelt ; 
and when the king saw her he raised her up very speedily, and 



thought that she would have spoken of another matter than INTRO- 
she did. Then she said : " My lord, here is the ring which my DUCTION 
lady returns to you, and prays you not to hold it as discourtesy, 
for she wishes not to have it remaining with her. You have 
done so much for her in other manners that she is bound, she 
says, to be your servant always." The king, when he heard 
the damsel and saw his ring that she had, and was told of the 
wish and the excuse of the countess, was all amazed. Never- 
theless he made up his mind quickly according to his own will ; 
and in order that the ring might remain in that house as he 
had intended, he answered briefly, for long speech was need- 
less, and said : " Mistress, since your lady likes not the little 
gain that she won of me, let it stay in your keeping." Then 
he mounted quickly and rode out of the castle to the lawn 
where his knights were, and found the Earl of Pembroke wait- 
ing him with five hundred lances and more. Then they set 
out all together and followed the host. And the damsel 
returned and told the king's answer, and gave back the ring 
that the king had lost at chess. But the countess would not 
have it and claimed no right to it : the king had given it to 
the damsel, let her take it and welcome. So the king's ring 
was left with the damsel.' 

The story of Oliver de Mauny at the siege of Rennes, and 
of John Bolton and the partridges, belongs to 1357, and 
would have appeared in Berners, cap. clxxv., where he gives 
the coming of the young bachelor ' Bertrande of Glesquyne," 
but not of his cousin : — 

' And there were newly come to the siege two young The Adven- 
bachelors, cousins german, who were afterwards much renowned ture of the 
in the realm of France and the realm of Spain, as you will hear Partridges 
further on in this history. These two cousins were named 
Bertrand du Guesclin and Oliver de Mauny. And the said 
Bertrand during the siege fought in single combat with an 
English knight, likewise renowned, called Sir Thomas Dag- 
worth ; and the combat was appointed for three courses with a 
lance, three strokes of an axe, and three strokes of a dagger. 



INTRO- And these two champions acquitted themselves valiantly to 

DUCTION their great honour; howbeit the said Bertrand gave such a 

The Adven- stroke of his axe to the said Englishman that he smote him to 

ture of the the ground with violence. And there it ended. And they were 

Partridges eagerly watched by those within and also by those without : 

then they left the field without great hurt to either. So the 

Duke Henry of Lancaster kept his siege before Rennes a long 

time, and made many assaults, but nothing gained there. 

* Now it happened one day during the siege that an English 
knight, Sir John Bolton, a man of valour in war, had been for 
sport to the fields with his sparrowhawk, and had taken six 
partridges. He mounted his horse, armed at all points, with 
his partridges in his hand, and came before the barriers of the 
city and began calling to the townsmen that he wished to 
speak with Sir Bertrand du Guesclin. Now it chanced that 
Oliver de Mauny was standing above the gate to watch the 
condition of the English host ; and he perceived and was aware 
of the Englishman with his partridges, and asked him what 
he wanted and whether he would sell or give his partridges to 
the ladies who were in the place besieged. " By my faith," 
answered the English knight to Oliver, "if you dare bring your 
bargain nearer and come and fight with me, you have found 
your chapman." "In God's name," said Oliver, "yea, wait for 
tout nee me and I will pay you on the nail." Then he came down from 

the walls to the ditches, which were all full of water, and plunged 
in and swam, and crossed them, armed at all points save the har- 
ness of the legs and his gauntlets, and came to his chapman who 
was waiting for him. Then they fought, valiantly and long, and 
quite near to the host of the Duke of Lancaster, who looked on 
well pleased, and forbade any one going forth to them. And 
also those of the town and the ladies who were there took great 
delight in watching them. The two valiant men fought on, and 
the end of it was that Sir Oliver de Mauny overcame his chap- 
man. Sir John Bolton, with his partridges, and carried him off 
without his leave and sore wounded across the ditches and into 
the town, and presented him to the ladies with the said partridges, 
and they received him gladly and did him great honour. 


' It was not long afterwards that Oliver felt his wounds pain- INTRO- 
ing him sore, and could not get the herbs that he knew would DUCTION 
cure him. So he called upon his prisoner courteously and said : 
" Sir John, I am hard wounded ; and I know some herbs out ' 
there which with the help of God would cure and restore me. 
Now, I will tell you what you shall do : you shall go out from 
here and go to the Duke of Lancaster your lord, and bring me 
a safe-conduct for myself and three men for a month till I am 
healed ; and if you can obtain it for me I will let you go free, 
and if not, then you will return here to be my prisoner as 
before." At this news Sir John Bolton was well pleased, and 
went away to the English court, where he was gladly welcomed 
by all, and by the Duke of Lancaster no less, who rallied him assez le rigola 
well about the partridges. And then he made his request and <^«« perdrix 
the Duke granted it, and gave him the safe- conduct written 
and sealed. Sir John returned at once with the safe-conduct, 
and gave it to his captor. Sir Oliver de Mauny, who said that 
he had done admirably and forthwith freed him from his 
captivity. And they set out together from the good city of 
Rennes and came to the host of the Duke of Lancaster, who 
was glad to see them, and received them heartily and showed 
great kindness to Oliver. And the Duke said that he had a 
noble heart, and proved that he would yet be a valiant man 
and of great prowess, " when to get my safe-conduct and a 
few simples he had released a prisoner who might well have 
paid him ten thousand florins of gold." After this the Duke 
appointed a room to lodge Oliver de Mauny, and ordered it to 
be richly hung and furnished, and every one to give and afford 
him all that he might require. There was Oliver housed in 
the camp of the Duke, and the surgeons and physicians of the 
Duke attended him and visited him every day ; and also the 
Duke came often to see him and cheer him. And he stayed 
there and was healed of his wounds ; then he took his leave of 
the Duke of Lancaster, and thanked him much for the great 
honour he had done him ; and also he took leave of the other 
gentlemen and of Sir John Bolton, his prisoner that had been. 
But at his going the Duke of Lancaster gave him some fine 



INTRO- plate in a present and said to him : " Mauny, I pray you com- 
DUCTION mend me to the ladies, and tell them that we have often wished 
for partridges for them." With this Sir Oliver departed and 
came to the city of Rennes, where he was joyfully received by 
every one great and small, and by the ladies, for whom he had 
plenty of news ; and more especially to his cousin Bertrand de 
Guesclin he told the whole of his adventure, and they had 
much mirth of it between them, for they loved one another 
well, and afterwards till their death, as you shall hear recounted 
later in this story.' 

Froissart Chaucer was harder than he need have been to the two 

and Chaucer cousins in his Monk''s Tragedy of Peter of Spain-, whatever 
' cursedness "■ they may have brewed later for the ally of the 
Black Prince, this episode would make one think well of 
Manny, * wicked nest ' though Chaucer calls him. Another 
passage of Chaucer comes to mind in another way to illus- 
trate the history of Froissart : the battle of Actium in the 
Legend of Cleopatra, saint and martyr, has its companion, 
if not its original, in Froissart's sea battle at La Rochelle on 
St. John's Eve, 1372 (Berners, cap. ccxcvii.-ccxcix.), when the 
Earl of Pembroke was taken. The Spaniards are not said to 
have thrown pease on the hatches to make them ' slidder,"" as 
was done at Actium ; but the nature of the business is the 
same in both, and no more and no less chivalrous in either 
than the affair of the Shannon and the Chesapeake. 
Description Description with Froissart is seldom employed for the 
as Ornament mere sake of ornament. He has not in his prose, and not 
very noticeably in his poetry, the common taste of the 
Middle Ages for elaborate catalogues of furniture and 
minute descriptions of works of art, such as the sculptures 
at the beginning of the Romaunt of the Rose, or the pictures 
of the j^neid in Chaucer's temple of Venus in the first 
book of the House of Fame. When he takes up this kind 
of work, as in the pageants for the queen''s entry into Paris 
in 1389, he does it with a will, but he does not introduce 


such things irrelevantly. Generally it will be found that INTRO- 
where he is most brilliant with his scenery and properties he DUCTION 
is also most dramatic: they accompany the action, and do 
not impede one's view of it. He is very particular about 
the way things appeared on the blazing day when King 
Charles vi. fell into his frenzy (Berners, ii. clxxxvii.) : — 

' The French King rode upon a fair plain in the heat of the How the King 
sun, which was as then of a marvellous height, and the King lost his Wits 
had on a jack of black velvet, which sore chafed him, and on 
his head a single bonnet of scarlet, and a chaplet of great 
pearls which the Queen had given him at his departure, and 
he had a page that rode behind him bearing on his head a 
chapeau of Montauban bright and clear shining against the sun, 
and behind that page rode another bearing the King's spear 
painted red and fringed with silk, with a sharp head of steel ; 
the Lord de la River had brought a dozen of them with him 
from Toulouse, and that was one of them ; he had given the 
whole dozen to the King, and the King had given three of 
them to his brother the Duke of Orleans and three to the 
Duke of Bourbon. And as they rode thus forth the page that 
bare the spear, whether it were by negligence or that he fell 
asleep, he let the spear fall on the other page's head that rode 
before him, and the head of the spear made a great clash on the 
bright chapeau of steel. The King, who rode but afore them, 
with the noise suddenly started, and his heart trembled, and 
into his imagination ran the impression of the words of the man 
that stopped his horse in the forest of Mans, and it ran into his 
thought that his enemies ran after him to slay and destroy him, 
and with that abusion he fell out of his wit by feebleness of his 
head, and dashed his spurs to his horse and drew out the sword 
and turned to his pages, having no knowledge of any man, 
weening himself to be in a battle enclosed with his enemies, 
and lift up his sword to strike, he cared not where, and cried 
and said : " On, on upon these traitors ! " ' 

Here no doubt an educated taste would blame the exces- 
sive notice of particulars, as Dante was criticised by Warton 



relevant and 

The King 
as Admiral 


for relating things 'circumstantially and without rejection."' 
But Froissart does not always write so vividly, and here the 
circumstances are given ' without rejection,' because he is 
leading up to the event that gives them all their right 
proportion ; his mind is not like that of the conventional 
poets who were accustomed to put in a description of a 
king's pavilion or of pictures in a hall when they could not 
think of anything better to fill out their story. Froissart's 
descriptive passages are not the lazy intervals in his history, 
like the pauses for ornamental catalogues of precious things 
in the old French romances, not to speak of other and more 
classical kinds of poem. Froissart's mode of description 
varies with the dramatic interest of the scene — taking 
' dramatic ' to mean generally whatever belongs to the 
action. He is never still for a moment. He does not put 
down blocks of inanimate detail between his passages of 
adventure. His writing is made what it is principally 
through his sense of time — that is, his sense of the way 
things change their appearance as the plot develops itself. 
There is another chapter which shows this plainly enough : 
the description of Edward iii., as admiral, waiting for the 
Spanish fleet in 1350 — an addition of Froissart's own to 
the matter he borrowed from Jean le Bel, and an example 
of the strength of his early work even before he had come to 
rely entirely on his own materials. Unfortunately this did 
not come into Lord Berners' copy, the early French Editions 
having a bad text about that part, confused, abridged, and 
padded with extracts from other chronicles : — 

' The King of England, who was at sea with his fleet, had 
given order fully for all that was to be done and for the manner 
of engaging the enemy, and had made my Lord Robert of 
Namur captain of a ship, which was called La Sale du Roy, 
where all his household was. And the King sat on the quarter- 
deck of his ship, wearing a jack of black velvet, and on his head 
a black beaver hat that became him well. And as I was told 



by those who were with him that day, he was as merry as he INTRO- 
had ever been in his life, and made his minstrels play before DUCT I ON 
him a dance of Almayne that Sir John Chandos, who was with 
him, had newly brought over. And further for his pastime he 
made the said knight sing to the minstrels' music, and took 
great delight in it. And ever he looked aloft, for he had set a 
watch in the topcastle of his ship to give warning when the 
Spaniards came on. 

' Now when the King was taking his pleasure thus, and all the 
knights very glad to see him of such good cheer, the watch that 
saw the Spaniards heave in sight said : — " Ho ! I see a ship, Qui perftU 
and it looks like a ship of Spain." Then the minstrels ceased ; nestre la navie 
and he was asked if he saw more. Not long after he answered '^** Espagnolx 
and said, "Yes, I see two — and three — and four." And then 
when he saw the main fleet : — " I see so many, God help me, 
that 1 cannot tell them all." Then the King and his people 
knew that it was the Spaniards. Then he bade sound his 
trumpets, and all their ships drew in to be more in order and 
better for defence, for they knew that they should have battle 
since the Spaniards came in so large a fleet. By this time it 
was late, upon the hour of vespers or thereabout ; and the King 
called for wine and drank, as also did all his knights, and put 
his basnet on his head, and so did the others.' 

Froissart has so often been praised for picturesque work, His Art a 
that it is allowable to refine a little about the excellence of ^'^^^ ^^^ 
this, and to observe that it is plainly dramatic, and only ^'^**'"^*'® . 


picturesque in an incidental way, the imaginative vision of ^£^{£6 
Froissart being wakened to the picturesque things in the 
scene — as in that other of the madness of the King of France 
— by his sympathy with the dramatic life in it. The figure 
of the king would be nothing much without the suspense 
of the adventure approaching. What Froissart feels most 
vividly and with most delight is not the charm of the king's 
majesty nor yet the accompaniment of Chandos's Almain, 
the minstrels and the song, but the movement of the hour 
as it passes, and its effect on the king's mind. The gesture 
I Ixxxi 


INTRO- of the king, as his eyes shift to the look-out on the maintop, 
DUCTION is what really makes the value of Froissarfs description, 
and the other points in the story are lively because of this 
interest in the future event. There is nothing very deep or 
very far fetched in the art of Froissart, but it is not untrue or 
irrelevant. It aims at the centre, and is kept to its task and 
carried through it by an instinctive pleasure in the dramatic 
motives, though these are little elaborated or analysed. 

Thus with all his defects he is one of the chief mediaeval 
writers, and his work is the culmination of a great mediaeval 
The Sum and school, the school of adventurous history, which begins in 
Substance of those heroic poems of France, whose old forms were still 
*** available in Froissart's time for the epic of Bertrand du 

Guesclin.^ That poem, however, was the last of its heroic 
race, and prose had come to be more generally convenient 
for historical work, as Froissart found in his youth. It had 
learned some of its capabilities before Froissart began ; 
indeed, he added little to the school of historical prose except 
his wider range and his indefatigable spirit. He had models 
in his predecessors for almost everything he did, and he is 
inferior to some of them in some things. He cannot have 
more dignity than Villehardouin, more weight of expres- 
sion than Jean le Bel ; Joinville had more intimate know- 
ledge of the life he wrote about, and his reminiscences 
come from a deeper source. Froissart completes the older 
school, however, in a way that was scarce possible later. 
He carried on the mediaeval love of adventure and the old 
simple methods of story-telling into a time when other 
fashions were making themselves evident and claiming to 
be recognised. Before the new generations break in, before 
the ideals of Petrarch come into possession of the world, 
Froissart takes leisure to look about him, and spends fifty 

1 La Vie du vaillant Bertran du Guesdin (par Cuvelier), edited in Documents 
inidits sur Phistoire de France, 1839 ; a chanson de geste in Alexandrines : — 
' Seigneurs or escoutez, pour Dieu le roi divin. ' 


years in a large comprehensive history, where the Hfe of the INTRO- 
world is represented according to the mediaeval traditions of DUCTION 
good narrative. He was well equipped and well protected. 
He had no suspicion nor misgiving about the new fashions, 
and took no notice of their allurements; the Humanities 
and their new scholarship found him impenitent and insens- 
ible. His humanism was of an older and more Gothic kind, 
which very naturally was disparaged as too quaint and bar- 
barous when the Italian classical rules of poetry and rhetoric 
began to dominate the literature of Europe. But his work Narrative 
remains with that of the other old French historians to the Mediaeval 
prove how well the Middle Ages understood some essen- ^* 
tial principles of narrative, and even of grammar, when 
that liberal art is taken liberally. He does not indeed 
represent all the powers and virtues of mediaeval literature ; 
but though other writers may have gone deeper and higher, 
none before him had commanded so wide a field with so little 
sign of labour and weariness. 'Wise and imaginative,' the ' sages et 
terms that he is fond of using in his praise of kings and y^(^9i^^i^f' 
lords, are not inapplicable to Froissart, though the wisdom 
and imagination may be different from those of the greatest 
masters. He had at any rate the wisdom that he claimed 
for himself — of taking things as they came ; and his ima- 
gination was of the same kind. It saved him from false 
rhetoric, and Lord Berners in translating him did more for 
the humanitie sthan when he adapted the examples of the 
Spanish rhetorical school. Montaigne, who is entitled to Montaigne 
speak for the new age, has given his opinion, and will 
hardly be contradicted when he pronounces Guevara a little 
overpraised, or when he discovers something akin to his own 
freedom in the variety of Froissart. W. P. K. 


For this Edition, Uiterson s reprint of Pynson has been 
used : the text has been collated with the anginal. 
Punctuation has been revised throughout : in many cases 
Pynsons has been preferred before Utterson's. In 
spelling, u and v have been distinguished, and capital 
letters have been employed where it seemed convenient. 
In some places the text has been emended, with Pynson s 
reading put in the margin and noted ' P.' Several new 
readings here adopted are those of Mr. G. C. Macaulay 
in his Edition of Bemers for the ' Globe ' series: a book 
to which the present Editor wishes to acknowledge many 

The erroneous proper names are a most serious 
difficulty. To impose new names on an old text seemed 
violent. How is one to correct ' therle oj Anxell and 
therle of Sanxes,' for instance ? ' Don Tello ' and 'Don 
Sancho ' are not in terms of Bourchier's language, and 
to borrow the ' Dans Telles ' or ' Dans Sanxes ' of the 
French would be equally impossible. The names, then, 
have been kept, with some minor corrections. Bemers, 
as he says in his Preface, meant to keep the difficult 
names as he found them ; so here tlie first French text of 
A. Verard (1495?) has been taken to control the mis- 
takes of the English printers. An Index of Names which 
will appear in Vol. vi. will explain difficulties of this sort; 
in the meantime the more important cases are placed in 
the margin. TheEditor is much indebted for help in this, 
and in collation of texts, to Mr. J. P. Anderson of the 
British Museum, and to Mr. R. W. Chambers 
of University College, London. 








WHAT condygne graces and thankes ought men to 
gyve to the writers of historyes, who with their 
great labours, have done so moche profyte to 
the humayne lyfe? They shewe, open, manifest and de- 
clare to the reder, by example of olde antyquite, what 
we shulde enquere, desyre, and folowe ; and also, what we 
shulde eschewe, avoyde, and utterly flye : for whan we 
(beynge unexpert of chaunces) se, beholde, and rede the 
auncyent actes, gestes, and dedes, howe and with what 
labours, daungers, and paryls they were gested and done, 
they right greatly admonest, ensigne, and teche us howe 
we maye lede forthe our lyves. And farther, he that hath 
the perfyte knowledge of others joye, welthe, and highe 
prosperite, and also trouble, sorowe, and great adversyte, 
hath thexpert doctryne of all parylles. And albeit that 
mortall folke are marveylously separated, both by lande and 
water, and right wonderously sytuate ; yet are they and 
their actes (done peradventure by the space of a thousande 
yere) compact togyder by thistographi^r, as it were the 
dedes of one selfe cyte, and in one mannes lyfe. Wherfore I ^ 
say, that historie may well be called a divyne provydence; 
for as the celestyall bodyes above complecte all and at every 
tyme the universall worlde, the creatures therin conteyned, 
and all their dedes, semblably so dothe history. Is it nat a 
right noble thynge for us, by the fautes and errours of other, 






^ cause P. « 


to amende and erect our lyfe into better ? We shulde nat 
seke and acquyre that other dyd ; but what thyng was most 
best, most laudable, and worthely done, we shulde putte 
before our eyes to folowe. Be nat the sage counsayles of 
two or thre olde fathers in a cyte, towne, or countre, whom 
long age hath made wyse, dyscrete, and prudent, far more 
praysed, lauded, and derely loved than of the yonge menne ? 
Howe moche more than ought hystories to be commended, 
praysed, and loved, in whom is encluded so many sage coun- 
sayls, great reasons, and hygh wisedoms of so innumerable 
persons, of sondry nacyons, and of every age, and that in so 
long space as four or fyve hundred yere. The most profyt- 
able thyng in this worlde for the instytution of the humayne 
lyfe is hystorie. Ones, the contynuall redyng therof maketh 
yonge men equall in prudence to olde men, and to olde 
fathers stryken in age it mynystreth experyence of thynges. 
More, it yeldeth private persons worthy of dignyte, rule, 
and governaunce : it compelleth themperours, hygh rulers, 
and governours to do noble dedes, to thende they may 
optayne immortall glory : it exciteth, moveth, and stereth 
the strong hardy warriours, for the great laude that they 
have after they ben deed, promptly to go in hande with 
great and harde parels, in defence of their countre : and it 
prohibyteth reprovable persons to do mischevous dedes, for 
feare of infamy and shame. So thus, through the monu- 
mentes of writynge, whiche is the testymony unto vertue, 
many men have ben moved, some to bylde cytes, some to 
devyse and establisshe lawes right profitable, necessarie, and 
behovefull for the humayne lyfe : some other to fynde newe 
artes, craftes, and sciences, very requisyte to the use of man- 
kynde. But above all thynges, wherby mans welthe ryseth, 
speciall laude and praise^ ought to be gyven to historic : it is 
the keper of suche thinges as have ben vertuously done, and 
the wytnesse of yvell dedes : and by the benefite of hystorie 
all noble, highe, and vertuous actes be immortall. What 
moved the strong and ferse Hercules to enterpryse in his 
lyfe so many great incomparable labours and paryls ? Cer- 
taynly nought els but that for his meryt immortaly te mought 
be gyven to hym of all folke. In semblable wyse dyd his 
imytator, noble duke Theseus, and many other innumerable 


worthy princes and famouse men, whose vertues ben redemed 

from oblyvion and shyne by historie. And whereas other 

monumentes in processe of tyme by varyable chaunces are 

confused and lost : the vertue of history dyffused and spredde 

throughe the unyversall worlde, hath to her custos and 

kepar, it (that is to say, tyme), whiche consumeth the other 

writynges. And albeit that those menne are right worthy 

of great laude and prayse, who by their writynges shewe 

and lede us the waye to vertue : yet neverthelesse, the 

poems, lawes, and other actes that they founde devysed and 

writ, ben mixed with some domage : and somtyme for the 

trueth they ensigne a man to lye. But onelye hystorie, truely 

with wordes representyng the actes, gestes, and dedes done, 

complecteth all profyte : it moveth, stereth, and compelleth 

to honestie ; detesteth, erketh, and abhorreth vices : it 

extolleth, enhaunceth, and lyfteth up suche as ben noble 

and vertuous ; depresseth, poystereth, and thrusteth downe 

such as ben wicked, yvell, and reprovable. What knowlege 

shulde we have of auncyent thynges past, and historie were 

nat ? whiche is the testymony therof, the lyght of trouthe, 

the maystres of the lyfe humayne, the presydent of remem- 

braunce, and the messanger of antiquyte. Why moved and 

stered Phaleryus tTie kynge Ptholome, oft and dilygently 

to rede bokes ? Forsothe for none other cause, but that 

those thynges are founde writen in bokes, that the frendes 

dare nat shewe to the prince. Moche more I wolde fayne 

write of the incomparable profyte of hystorie, but I feare 

me that I shulde to sore tourment the reder of this my 

preface ; and also I doute nat but that the great utilyte 

therof is better knowen than I coulde declare ; wherfore I 

shall brevely come to a poynt. Thus, whan I advertysed 

and remembred the manyfolde comodyties of hystorie, howe 

benefyciall it is to mortall folke, and eke howe laudable and 

merytoryous a dede it is to write hystories, fixed my mynde 

to do some thyng therin ; and ever whan this ymaginacyon 

came to me, I volved, tourned, and redde many volumes and 

bokes, conteyning famouse histories. And amonge all other, 

I redde dilygently the four volumes or bokes of sir Johan 

Froyssart of the countrey of Heynaulte, written in the 

Frenche tonge, whiche I judged comodyous, necessarie, and 














profytable to be hadde in Englysshe, sithe they treat of the 
famous actes done in our parties ; that is to say, in Eng- 
lande, Fraunce, Spaygne, Portyngale, Scotlande, Bretayne, 
Flaimders, and other places adjoyning; and specially they 
redounde to the honoure of Englysshemen. What pleasure 
shall it be to the noble gentylmen of Englande to se, 
beholde, and rede the highe enterprises, famous actes, and 
glorious dedes done and atchyved by their valyant auncey- 
tours ? Forsothe and God, this hath moved me at the highe 
comaundement of my moost redouted soverayne lorde kynge 
Henry the viii, kyng of Englande and of Fraunce, and highe 
defender of the christen faythe, etc., under his gracyous 
supportacyon, to do my devoyre to translate out of Frenche 
into our maternall Englysshe tonge the sayd volumes of sir 
Johan Froyssart : whiche cronycle begynneth at the raygne 
of the moost noble and valyant kynge Edwarde the thyrde, 
the yere of our lorde a thousande thre hundred and sixtene : 
and contynueth to the begynning of the reigne of king 
Henry the fourth, the yere of our Lorde God a thousande 
and foure hundred : the space bytwene is threscore and 
fourtene yeres ; requyrynge all the reders and herers therof 
to take this my rude translacion in gre. And in that I 
have nat folowed myne authour worde by worde, yet I trust 
I have ensewed the true reporte of the sentence of the 
mater ; and as for the true namyng of all maner of person- 
ages, countreis, cyties, townes, ryvers, or feldes, whereas I 
coude nat name them properly nor aptely in Englysshe, 
I have written them acordynge as I founde them in Frenche ; 
and thoughe I have nat gyven every lorde, knyght, or squyer 
his true addycion, yet I trust I have nat swarved fro the 
true sentence of the mater. And there as I have named 
the dystaunce bytwene places by myles and leages, they 
must be understande acordyng to the custome of the coun- 
treis where as they be named, for in some place they be 
lengar than in some other ; in Englande a leage or myle 
is well knowen ; in Fraunce a leage is two myles, and in 
some place thre : and in other countre is more or lesse ; 
every nacion hath sondrie custoraes. And if any faute be 
in this my rude translacyon, I remyt the correctyon therof 
to them that discretely shall fynde any reasonable defaute ; 


and in their so doynge, I shall pray God to sende them THE 
the blysse of heven. Amen. PREFACE 

Thus endeth the preface of sir Johan Bourchier, knight, 

lorde Berners, translatour of this present cronycle : and TRANS- 

herafter foloweth the table, with all the chapiters as LATOUR 

they stande in the boke in order, from one to four 

hundred fyftie and one, whiche be in nombre 

CCCC. and li. chapiters. 



CAP. i. Firstj the auctours prologe . . . . • 1 7 

ii. Of them that were moost valyant knightes to be made men- 

cion of in this boke • . . . . .19 

iii. Of some of the predecessours of kyng Edwarde of Englande . 20 
iv. Of some of the parentes of this good kyng Edwarde the thyrde 2 1 
Vy. The first occasyon of the warre bytwene the kynges of Eng- 
lande and of France . . . . .22 

vi. Howe therle Thomas of Lancastre and xxii other great lordes 

and knyghtes of Englande were beheeded . . -23 

vii, Howe the quene of Englande went and complayned her to the 

kyng of Fraunce, her brother, on Sir Hewe Spensar . 24 

viii. Howe sir Hewe Spensar purchased that the quene IsabeU of 

Englande was putte out of Fraunce . . . .26 

ix. Howe quene IsabeU departed out of Fraunce, and entred into 

the Empyre ....... 28 

X. Howe quene Isabel! arryved in Englande, with Sir John of 

Heynalt in her company . . . . -31 

xi. Howe the quene of Englande besieged kynge Edwarde the 

seconde, her housbande, in the towne of Bristowe . . 34 

xii. Howe Sir Hewe Spensar thelder and therle of Arundell were 

judged to dethe, . . . . • -36 

xiii. Howe Sir Hewe Spensar was putte to his judgement . . 38 

^ xiiii. Of the coronacyon of kynge Edwarde the thirde . . 40 

XV. Howe kyng Robert de Breux of Scotlande defyed kyng 

Edwarde of Englande . . . . .42 

xvi. Of the discencion that fell bytwene tharchers of Englande and 

them of Heynalt . . . . . -45 

xvii. Of the maner of the Scottes, and howe they make their warre . 48 
xviii. Howe the kyng of Englande made his first journey agaynst the 

Scottes . . ..... 50 




xix. Howe kynge Edwarde was maryed to the lady Philyppe of 

Heynalt ....... 64 

XX. Howe kyng Robert of Scotlande dyed . . . .66 

xxil Howe Philyppe of Valloyes was crowned kynge of Fraunce . 71 
xxii. Of the batayle of Cassell in Flanders . . . .72 

xxiii. Howe therle of Kent and therle Mortymer in Englande were 

put to dethe . . . . . . -74 

xxiiii. '^ Of the homage that kyng Edwarde of Englande made to the -J 

Frenche kyng for the duchy of Guyen . . -75 

XXV. Howe Sir Roberte of Arthoyse was chased out of the realme of 

Fraunce . . . . . . .81 

xxvi. Howe kynge Edwarde tooke the towne of Berwyke agaynst the / 

Scottes . . . . . . -83 

xxvii. Howe king Philyp of Fraunce and dyvers other kynges toke on 

them the croisey to the Holy Lande . . . .89 

xxviii.XHowe kynge Edwarde of Englande was counsayled to make 

warre agaynst the Frenche kynge . . . . 91 • 

xxix. Howe Jaques Dartvell governed the countie of Flaunders . 94 
XXX. Howe certayne nobles of Flaunders kept the yle of Cagant 

agaynst thenglysshmen . . . . -97 

xxxi. Of the batayle of Cagant bytwene the Englysshmen and 

Flemynges . . . . . . .98 

xxxii. \Howe kynge Edwarde of Englande made great alyaunces in 

thempjTe ....... 100 

zxxiii. Howe kyng Davyd of Scotlande made alyaunce with kyng 

Philyp of France . . . . . .102 

xxxiiii. Howe kyng Edwarde was made vycar generall of thempyre of 

Almayne ....... 103 

XXXV. Howe kynge Edwarde and all his alyes dyde defy the Frenche 

kyng ........ 105 

xxxvi. Howe Sir Gaultier of Manny, after the defyaunces declared^ 

made the first journey into Fraunce .... 106 

xxxvii. Howe after the defyaunces the Frenchemen entred into Englande 108 
xxxviii. Howe kyng Edwarde besieged the cytie of Cambray . .109 

xxxix. Howe kyng Edwarde made Sir Henry of Flaunders knight . 112 j' 
xl. Howe the kyng of Englande and the Frenche kynge toke day 

to fight . . . . . . .116 

xli; Howe these two kynges ordayned their batayls at Vyronfosse . 1 18 
xlii. Howe the sayd two kynges departed without batayle . .120 

B 9 



xliii. >Howe king Edwarde of Englande toke on him to beare the 

armes of Fraunce, and the name to be called kyng therof . 122 
xliiii. Howe the Frenchmen brent in the landes of Sir Johan of 

Heynalt ....... 124 

xlv. Howe therle of Heynalt toke and distroyed Aubenton and 

Thyerache ....... 128 

xlvi. Howe they of Tourney made a journey into Flaunders. . 130 

xlvii. Of the journey that duke John of Normandy made into 

Heynalt ....... 134 

xlviii. Howe they of Doway made a journey into Ostrenant ; and howe 

the erle of Heynalt was in Englande . . -139 

xlix. Howe the duke of Normandy layd siege to Thyne the 

bysshoppe ....... 141 

1. ^pf the batayle on the see before Scluse in Flaunders, bytwene 

the kynge of Englande and the Frenchmen . . .146 

li. Howe kynge Robert of Cycile dyde all that he might to pacify 

the kynges of Englande and Fraunce . . ,149 

lii. Of the counsayle that the kyng of England and his Alyes helde 

at the towne of Vyllenort . . . . .150 

liii. ^owe the kyng of Englande layde siege to the cytie of Tourney 1 5 1 
liiii. Howe the erle of Heynalt distroyed the townes of Seclyne and 

Dorchies . . . . . . .152 

Iv. Howe the Scottes wan agayne a great parte of Scotlande, whyle 

the siege was before Tourney . . . -153 

Ivi. Of the great assemble that the Frenche kyng made to reyse the 

siege before Tourney . . . . . .156 

Ivii. Howe they of the garyson of Bouhayne distrussed certayne 

soudyers of Mortaygne before the towne of Conde . -157 

Iviii. Of the journey that sir Wylliam Baylleule and sir Walflart de 

la Croyse made at the bridge of Cresyn . . .158 

lix, Howe the erle of Heynault assayled the fortresse of Mortayne, 

in Picardy, by dyvers maners . . . . .160 

Ix. Howe the erle of Heynalte toke the towne of saynt Amande 

during the siege before Tourney . . . .162 

Ixi. Of the takyng of Sir Charles of Momorency, and of dyvers 

other Frenchmen, at the brige of Cresyn . . .164 

Ixii. Howe the Flemynges were before saynt Omers during the 

siege of Turney . . . . . .166 

Ixiii. Howe the siege before Turney was broken up, by reason of a 

truse ........ 168 




Ixiiii. Of the warres of Bretaygne, and howe the duke ther dyed 

without heyre^ wherby the discencyon fell . . • 171 

Ixv. Howe the erle of Mountfort toke the towne and castell of Brest 173 
Ixvi. Howe the erle of Mountfort toke the cyte of Reynes . .174 

Ixvii. Howe the erle of Mountfort toke the towne and castell of 

Hanybont ....... 175 

Ixviii. Howe therle Mountfort dyde homage to the king of England 

for the duchy of Breten . . . . .178 

Ixix. Howe therle Mountfort was somoned to the parlyament of 

Parys^ at the request of the lorde Charles of Bloyes . -179 

Ixx. Howe the duchy of Bretaygne was judged to Sir Charles of 

Bloyes ........ 180 

Ixxi. Of the lordes of Fraunce that entred into Bretayne with Sir 

Charles of Bloyes . . . . . .182 

Ixxii. Howe therle Mountfort was taken at Nauntes^ and howe he 

dyed ........ 184 

Ixxiii. Howe the kyng of Englande the thirde tyme made warre on the 

Scottes ....... 185 

Ixxiiii. Howe kyng Davyd of Scotlande came with a great host to New- 

castell upon Tyne . . . . . .187 

Ixxv. Howe the Scottes distroyed the Cyte of Dyrham . .189 

Ixxvi. Howe the Scottes besieged a castell of therle of Salysburies . 190 
Ixxvii. Howe the kyng of Englande was in amours of the countesse of 

Salisbury . . . . . . -193 

Ixxviii. Howe therle of Salisbury and therle Moret were delyvered out 

of prison ....... 196 

Ixxix. Howe sir Charles of Bloyes, with dyvers lordes of Fraunce, toke 

the Cytie of Reynes, in Bretayne . . . .196 

Ixxx. Howe sir Charles of Bloyes besieged the countesse of Mountfort 

in Hanybont ....... 198 

Ixxxi. Howe sir Gaultier of Manny brought the Englysshmen into 

Bretayne ....... 202 

Ixxxii. Howe the castell of Conquest was wonne two tymes . . 204 * 

Ixxxiii. Howe sir Loyes of Spaygne toke the townes of Dynant and of 

Gerande ....... 205 * 

Ixxxiiii. Howe sir Gaultier of Manny discomfyted sir Loyes of 

Spaygne ....... 207 

Ixxxv. Howe sir Gaultier of Manny tooke the castell of Gony in the 

forest ....... 209 * 

Ixxxvi. Howe sir Charles of Bloies toke the towne of Carahes . 211 

u -^ 



Ixxxvii. Howe sir John Butler and sir Hubert of Fresnoy were rescued 

fro dethe . . . . . . . ^ 

Ixxxviii. Howe sir Charles of Bloys toke the towne of Jugon with the 

castell ....... 215 

Ixxxix. Of the feest and justes that the kyng of Englande made at 

London for the love of the countesse of Salisbury • T-Xd J 

Ixxxx. Howe the kyng of Englande sent sir Robert of Artoyse into 

Bretayne ....... 218 

Ixxxxi. Of the batayle of Gernsay, bytwene sir Robert of Arthois and 

sir Loyes of Spaygne on the see . . . .219 

Ixzxxii. Howe sir Robert of Arthois toke the cite of Vannes in 

Bretayne ....... 221 

Ixxxxiii. Howe sir Robert of Arthoise dyed, and where he was buryed 2*23 
Ixxxxiiii. Howe the kyng of Englande came into Bretayne to make 

warre there . • . . . .225 

Ixxxxv. Howe the lorde Clisson and sir Henry of Leon were taken 

prisoners before Vannes ..... 227 

Ixxxxvi. Howe the kyng of Englande toke the towne of Dynant . 228 
Ixzxxvii. What lordes of Fraunce the duke of Normandy brought into 

Bretayne against the kyng of Englande . . . 229 

Ixxxxviii. Howe the kynge of Englande and the duke of Normandy 

were boost agaynst boost loged before Vannes . . 230 

Ixxxxix. Howe the Frenche kynge beheaded the lorde Clysson and 

dyvers other lordes of Bretayne and of Normandy . 231 

c. Of the order of saynt George that king Edwarde stablysshed 

in the castell of Wyndsore .... 232 

ci. Howe the kyng of Englande delyvered out of prison sir 

Henry of Leon ...... 233 / 

cii. Howe the kyng of Englande sent the erle of Derby to make 

war in Gascoyne . . . . . -235 

ciii. Howe the erle of Derby conquered the forteresse of Bergerath 237 
ciiii. Howe the erle of Derby conquered dyvers townes and 

forteresses in hye Gascoyne .... 240 

cv. Howe therle of Quenfort was taken in Gascoyne, and de- 
lyvered agayne by exchaunge .... 242 

cvi. Howe the erle of Layle, lieutenant to the French kyng in 

Gascoyne, layde siege before Auberoche . , . 244 

cvii. Howe the erle of Derby toke before Auberoche the erle of 
Layle and dyvers other erles and vycountes, to the 
nombre of ix . . . . . . 246 





cviii. Of the townes that therle of Derby wan in Gascoyne, goynge 

towarde the Ryoll ...... 249 

cix. Howe therle of Derby layde siege to the Ryoll ; and howe 

the towne was yelded to hym . . . .251 

ex. Howe sir Gaultier of Manny founde in the Ryoll his fathers 

sepulture ....... 253 

cxi. IHowe the erle of Derby wanne the castell of the Ryoll . 255 y 

cxii. Howe the erle of Derby tooke the towne of Mauleon, and 

after the towne of Franche, in Gascoyne . . . 257 

cxiii. Howe the erle of Derby wanne the cytie of Angolesme . 258 

cxiiii. Howe sir Godfrey of Harcourt was banysshed out of Fraunce 260 

cxv. Of the dethe of Jaques Dartvell of Gaunt . . . 260 

cxvi. Of the dethe of Willyam, erle of Heynalt, who dyed in Frise, 

and many with him . . . . .265 

cxvii. Howe sir Johan of Heynault became Frenche . . 266 

cxviii. Of the great boost that the duke of Normandy brought into 

Gascoyne agaynst the erle of Derby . . . 267 

cxix. Howe John Norwich scaped fro Angolem whan the towne 

was yelden Frenche ..... 270 

cxx. Howe the duke of Normandy layd siege to Aguyllon with 

a hundred M. men ...... 272 

cxxi. Howe the kyng of Englande went over the see agayne to 

rescue them in Aguyllon ..... 276 

cxxiL Howe the kyng of Englande rode in thre batayls thorowe 

Normandy ....... 278 

cxxiii. Of the great assemble that the Frenche king made to resyst 

the kynge of Englande . . . . .281 

cxxiiii. Of the batayle of Cane, and howe the Englysshmen toke the 

towne ....... 283 

cxxv. Howe sir Godfray of Harcort fought with them of Amyens 

before Parys . . . . . .285 

cxxvi. Howe the Frenche kyng folowed the kyng of Englande into 

Beauvonoyse ...... 289 

cxxvii. llowe the bataile of Blanch etake was foughten bytwene the 

kyng of Englande and sir Godmar du Fay . . 291 ^ 

cxxviii. 'Of the order of the Englysshmen at Cressey, and howe they 

made thre batayls afote ..... 294 / 

cxxix.\Of thorder of the Frenchmen at Cressey, and howe they 

regarded the maner of the Englysshmen . . . 295 

cxxx.\Of the bataile of Cressey, bytwene the king of Englande and 

the Frenche kyng ...... 297 ^ 





cxxxi. Howe the next day after the batayle the Englysshmen dis- 

confyted agayne dyvers Frenchmen . . . 303 

cxxxii. Howe after the batayle of Cressey the deed men were nombred 

by the Englysshmen ..... 303 

cxxxiii. Howe the kyng of England layd siege to Calys, and howe 

all the poore people were put out of the towne . . 304 

;xxxiiii. Howe the duke of Normandy brake up his siege before 

Aguyllon ....... 305 

cxxxv. Howe sir Galtier of Manny rode thorowe Fraunce by save 

conducte to Calays ...... 306 

cxxxvi. Howe therle of Derby the same season toke in Poictou dyvers 

townes and castels, and also the cytie of Poictiers . 308 

Exxxvii. Howe the kyng of Scottes, duryng the siege before Calys, 

came into Englande with a great boost . . -311 

xxxviii. Of the batayle of Newecastell upon Tyne, bytwene the quene 

of Englande and the kyng of Scottes . . .312 

cxxxix. Howe Johan Coplande toke the kynge of Scottes prisoner, 

and what profyt he gate therby . . . '314 

cxl. Howe the yonge erle of Flaunders ensured the kynges 

dough ter of Englande . . . . .316 

cxli. Howe sir Robert of Namure dyd homage to the kyng of 

Englande before Calys . . . . .321 

cxlii. Howe the Englysshmen wan the Roche Daryen, and howe 

sir Charles of Bloys layd siege therto . . .321 

cxliii. Of the batayle of Roche Daryen ; and how sir Charles of 

Bloys was there taken by the Englysshmen . . 323 

cxliiii. Howe the Frenche kynge assembled a great boost to reyse 

the kyng of Englande fro the siege before Calys . . 324 

cxlv. Howe the kyng of Englande made the passages about Calys 
to be well kept, that the Frenche kynge shulde nat 
aproche to reyse his siege there .... 325 

cxlvi. Howe the towne of Calys was yelded up to the kyng of 

Englande ....... 328 

cxlvii. Howe the kyng of Englande repeopled the towne of Calys 

with Englisshmen ...... 332 

cxlviii. Of the dealynge of a brigant of Languedoc called Bacon . 334 
cxlix. Of another page called Crocart .... 335 

. , el. Howe sir Amery of Pavy, a Lombarde, solde the towne of 
Calys wherof he was capitayne, to the lorde Geffrey 
Charney of France ...... 336 





cli. Of the batayle at Calys bytwene the kyng of Englande^ 
under the baner of sir Gaultyer of Manny, and Sir GeflPray 
of Cherney and the Frenchemen .... 

clii. Of a chaplet of perles that the kyng of Englande gave to sir 
Eustace of Rybamont ..... 

cliii. Of the dethe of kyng Philyp of Fraunce, and of the 
coronacyon of his son Johan .... 

cliiil. Howe the kyng of Naver made sir Charles of Spayne 
constable of Fraunce to be slayne .... 

civ. Of the imposicyon and gabell ordeyned in Fraunce by the 

thre estates for the feates of the warre 
clvi. Howe the Frenche kyng toke the kyng of Naver, and 

beheeded the erle of Harcourt and other at Roan 
civil Of the assemble that the Frenche kyng made to fyght with 

the prince of Wales, who rode abrode in Berry . 
clviii. Howe the prince of Wales toke the castell of Remorentyn . 
clix. Of the great boost that the French kyng brought to the 
batayle of Poicters ...... 

clx. Of the ordre of the Frenchmen before the batayle of Poicters 

clxi. Howe the cardynall of Piergourt treated to have made 

agremen bytwene the French kyng and the prince, before 

the batayle of Poycters ..... 

clxii. Of the batayle of Poicters bytwene the prince of Wales and 
the Frenche kyng ...... 

clxiii. Of two Frenchmen that fled fro the batayle of Poicters, and 

of two Englysshmen that folowed them 
clxiiii. Howe kyng Johan of Fraunce was taken prisoner at the 
batayle of Poitiers ...... 

clxv. Of the gyft that the prince gave to the lorde Audley after the 
batayle of Poiters ...... 

clxvi. Howe the Englysshmen wan greatly at the batayle of 
Poycters ....... 

clxvii. Howe the lorde James Audeley gave to his foure squires 
the fyve C. marke of revenewes that the prince had 
gyven him ....... 

clxviii. Howe the prince made a supper to the French kyng the 
same day of the batayle ..... 

clxix. Howe the prince returned to Burdeaux after the batayle of 
Poicters ....... 

clxx. Howe the thre estates of Fraunce assembled togyder at Parys 
after the batayle of Poycters 



342 y 










388 ^ 
16 xy 



clxxi. Howe the thre estates sent men of warre agaynst the lorde 

Godfrey of Harcourt ..... 389 

clzxii. Of the batayle of Constances bytwene the lorde Godfrey of 

Hercourt and the lorde Loys of Ravenall . . 390 

clxxiii. Howe the prince conveyed the Frenche kyng from Burdeaux 

in to Englande ...... 392 

clxxiiii. Howe the kyng of Scottes was delyvered out of prison . 394 

clxxv. Howe the duke of Lancastre leyde siege to Reynes . . 395 

clxxvi. How a knyght of the countie of Evreux^ called sir Willyam 
of Granvyle, wan the cyte and castell of Evreux, the 
whiche the Frenche kyng had won before from the kyng 
ofNaver ....... 396 

clxxvii. Of the companyons, wherof the Archeprest was chiefe ; and 

howe he was honoured in Avignon . . . 399 

clxxviii. Of another sorte of companyons, wherof Ruffyn a Walsheman 

was chiefe capitayne ..... 400 

clxxix. Howe the provost of the marchantes of Parys slewe thre 

knyghtes in the regentes chambre . . .401 

clxxx. Howe the kynge of Naver came out of prisone . . 402 

clxxxi. Howe the kynge of Naver preched solempnelye at Parys . 402 
clxxxii. Of the begynning of the rysing of the commons, called the 

Jaquery, in Beauvosyn ..... 403 

clxxxiii. Howe the provost of the marchantes of Parys caused walles 

to be made about the cyte of Parys . . . 405 

clxxxiiii. Of the batayle at Meaulx in Bry, wher the companyons of 
the Jaquery were disconfyted by the ei'le of Foyz and the 
captall of Beusz ...... 406 

clxxxv. Howe Parys was besieged by the duke of Normandy, regent 

of Fraunce ...... 407 

clxxxvi. Of the Parisyens that were slayne at saynt Clude, by the 

Englysshmen that had ben soudyers in Parys . . 409 

clxxxvii. Of the dethe of the provost of the marchantes of Parys . 412 

clxxxviii. Howe the kyng of Naver defyed the realme of Fraunce, the 

Frenche kynge beyng prisoner in Englande . .414 




Here begynneth the Prologe of syr John Froissart 

of the Cronicles of Fraunce, Inglande, and other 

places adioynynge. 

TO thentent that the honorable and noble aventures 
of featis of armes, done and achyved by the warres 
of France and Inglande, shulde notably be in- 
registered and put in perpetuall memory, whereby the 
prewe and hardy may have ensample to incourage them 
in theyr well doyng, I syr John Froissart wyll treat and 
reeorde an hystory of great louage and preyse : but or I 
begyn, I require the Savyour of all the worlde, who of 
nothyng created al thynges, that he wyll gyve me suche 
grace and understandyng, that I may continue and persever 
in such wyse, that who so this proces redeth, or hereth, 
may take pastaunce, pleasure, and ensample. It is sayd of 
trouth, that al buyldynges are masoned and wroughte of 
dyverse stones, and all great ryvers are gurged and assem- 
blede of divers surges and sprynges of water ; in lykewyse 
all sciences are extraught and compiled of diverse clerkes ; 
of that one wryteth, another paraventure is ignorant ; but 
by the famous wrytyng of auncient auctours, all thyngis 
ben knowen in one place or other. Than to attaygne to 
the mater that I have entreprised, I wyll begyn fyrst, by 
the grace of God and of the blessed Virgyn our Lady Saynt 
Mary, from whom all comfort and consolation procedeth, 
and wyll take my foundation out of the true cronicles 
somtyme compyled by the right reverend, discrete, and sage 
maister John la Bele, somtyme chanon in Saint Lambartis, 
C 17 


CAP. I of Liege, who with good herte and due diligence dyd his 
Here begyn- true devoure in wrytyng this noble cronicle, and dyd con- 
neth the tynue in all his lyfes dayes, in folowyng the trouth as nere 

Prologe of j^g jjg myght, to his great charge and coste in sekyng to 
Froissart. have the perfight knowledge therof. He was also in his 
lyfes dayes welbeloved, and of the secret counsayle with the 
lorde sir John of Haynaulte, who is often remembred (as 
reason requyreth) here after in this boke : for of many fayre 
and noble aventures he was chiefe causer, and by whose 
meanes the sayd syr John la Bele myght well knowe and 
here of many dyvers noble dedes: the whiche here after 
shal be declared. Trouth it is, that I who have entreprised 
this boke to ordeyne for pleasure and pastaunce, to the 
whiche alwayes I have been inclyned, and for that intent, I 
have folowed and frequented the company of dyverse noble 
and great lordes, as well in Fraunce, Inglande, and Scot- 
lande, as in diverse other countries, and have had know- 
ledge by them, and alwayes to my power, justly have 
inquired for the trouth of the dedis of warre and aventures 
that have fallen, and specially syth the great batell of 
Poyters, where as the noble kynge John of France was 
takyn prisoner, as before that tyme, I was but of a yonge 
age or understandyng. Howe be it I toke on me, assoone 
as I came from scole, to wryte and recite the sayd boke, 
and bare the same compyled into Ingland, and presented 
the volume thereof to my Lady Phelyppe, of Heynaulte, 
noble queue of Inglande, who right amyably receyved it to 
my great profite and avauncement. And it may be so, 
that the same boke is nat as yet examyned nor corrected, 
so justely as suche a case requyreth : for featis of armes 
derely bought and achyved, the honor therof ought to be 
gyven and truly devided to them, that by prowes and hard 
travayle have deserved it. Therfore to acquyte me in that 
bihalfe, and in folowyng the trouth as near as I can, I John 
Froissart have entreprysed this hystory on the forsaid ordy- 
naunce and true fundacion, at the instaunce and request of 
a dere lorde of myn, Robert of Namure, knyght, lorde of 
Bewfort, to whom entierly I owe love and obeysyunce, and 
God graunt me to do that thyng that may be to his 
pleasure. Amen. 



Here spekethe the auctour of suche as were 

most valiant knyghtis to be made mencion 

of in this boke. 

A LL noble hertis to encorage and to shewe them en- 
l\ sample and mater of honour, I Sir John Froissart 
-i. -m. begynne to speke after the true report and relation 
of my master John la Bele, somtyme Chanon of Saynt 
Lambertis, of Liege, affermyng thus, howe that many 
noble persons have oft tymes spoke of the warres of France- 
and of Ingland, and perad venture knewe nat justely the 
trouth therofe, nor the true occasions of the fyrst movyngis 
of suche warres, nor how the warre at length contynued : 
but now I trust ye shall here reported the true founda- 
tion of the cause, and to thentent that I wyll nat forget, 
mynysshe, or abrydge the hystory in any thyng for defaute 
of langage: but rather I wyll multiply and encrease it as 
ner as I can, folowynge the trouth from poynt to poynt, in 
spekyng and shewyng all the aventures sith the nativite 
of the noble kyng Edward the III. who reigned kyng of 
England, and achyved many perilous aventures, and dyvers 
great batelles addressed, and other featis of armes of great 
prowes, syth the yere of our Lorde God M.CCCxxvi. that 
this noble kyng was crowned in Ingland : for generally suche 
as were with hym in his batels and happy fortunate aven- 
tures, or with his peple in his absence, ought ryght well to 
be takyn and reputed for valiant and worthy of renowne; 
and though there were great plenty of sondrye parsonages 
that ought to be praysed and reputed as soveraignes, yet 
among other, and pryncipally, ought to be renowmed the 
noble propre persone of the forsaid gentyll kyng; also 
the prynce of Walys his son, the duke of Lancaster, syr 
Reignolde lorde Cobham, syr Gualtier of Manny of Hey- 
naulte, knyght, syr John Chandos, syr Fulque ^ of Harle, ^Fr<mck of 
and dyvers other, of whom is made mencion hereafter in 
this present boke, bicause of theyr valyant prowes ; for in 
all batels that they were in, most commonly they had ever 


CAP. II the renowne, both by land and by se, accordyng to the 
Herespekethe trouth. They in all theyr dedis were so valyant that they 
the auctour of ought to be reputed as soveraignes in all chy valry ; yet for 
suche as were qH that, suche other as were in theyr companye ought nat 
knvffhtis ^° ^^ °^ ^^^ ^^^^^ value or lesse set by. Also in Fraunce, 
in that tyme, there were founde many good knyghtis, 
stronge and well expert in featis of armes : for the realme 
of Fraunce was nat so discomfited but that alwayes ther 
were people sufficient to fyght withall; and the kyng 
Philyppe of Valoyes was a ryght hardy and a valiant 
knyght ; and also kyng John his sonne, Charles the kyng 
1 Bohemia. of Behaigne,^ the erle of Alanson, the erle of Foyz, syr 
^ Beaujeu. Saintre, syr Arnold Dangle, the lordes of Beamon,^ the 
father and the sonne, and dyverse other, the whiche I can 
nat theyr names, of whom hereafter ryght well shall be 
made mencion in tyme and place convenient ; [for] to say the 
trouth, and to maynteigne the same, all such as in cruel 
batels have ben seen abyding to the discomfeture, suffi- 
ciently doyng theyr devour, may wel be reputed for valyant 
and hardy, what soever was theyr adventure. 

CAP. Ill 

Here the mater speketh of some of the predeces- 
sours of Kyng Edwarde of Ingland. 

FIRST, the better to entre into the mater of this 
honorable and pleasaunt hystory of the noble 
Edwarde, kyng of Ingland, who was crowned at 
London the year of our Lorde God M.CCCxxvi, on 
Christmas-day, lyvyng the kyng his father and the quene 
his mother. It is certayne that the opinyon of Inglisshmen 
most comonly was as than, and often tymes it was seen in 
Ingland after the tyme of kyng Arthure, how that betwene 
two valyant kynges of Ingland, ther was most comonly one 
bitwene them of lesse sufficiauncy, both of wytte and of 
prowes ; and this was ryght well aparant by the same kyng 
Edward the thyrde ; for his graund-father, called the good 
kyng Edward the fyrste, was ryght valyant, sage, wyse, and 


hardy, aventurous and fortunate in all featis of warre, and CAP. Ill 
had moche ado agaynst the Scottis, and conquered them Here the 
three or four tymes ; for the Scottes coude never have mater speketh 
victory nor indure agaynst hym ; and after his dissease his *'^^^™®®^*^^ 
Sonne of his first wife, who was father to the said good kyng of KviTe^**"'^^ 
Edward the thyrde, was crowned kyng, and called Edward Edwarde of 
the II, who resembled nothyng to his father in wyt nor in Ingland. 
prowes, but governed and kept his realme ryght wyldly, and 
ruled hymselfe by synyster counsell of certayne parsons, 
whereby at length he had no profytte nor lande, as ye shall 
here after; for an one after he was crowned, Robert Br use, 
kyng of Scotlande, who had often before gyven muche ado 
to the sayd good kyng Edward the fyrst, conquered agayne 
all Scotland, and brent and wasted a great parte of the 
realme of England, a four or five dayes journey within the 
realme at two tymes, and discomfyted the kyng and all the 
barons of Ingland at a place in Scotland called Estarvelyn ^ ^ Stirling. 
by batel arengyd the day of Saynt John Baptyst, in the 
seventh yere of the reigne of the same kyng Edward, in 
the yere of our Lorde M.CCCxiiii. The chase of this dis- 
comfiture endured two dayes and two nyghtys ; and the 
kyng of Ingland went with a small company to London : 
and on Mydlent Sunday, in the yere of our Lorde M.CCCxvi. 
the Scottis wan agayne the cite of Berwyk by treason, but 
bicause this is no part of our mater, I wyll leve spekyng 


Here myn auctour maketh mencion of the parent 
of this good kyng Edward the Third. 

THIS kyng Edward the second, father to the noble 
kyng Edward the thyrde, had two bretheren ; the 
one called Marshall,^ who was ryght wyld axidi ^ Earl Marshal. 
divers of condicions; the other called sir Aymon erle 
of Cane ^ right wyse, amiable, gentle, and welbeloved with ^ Edmund Earl 
al people. This kyng Edward the second was maried to °-' ^" * 
Isabell, the doughter of Philyp la Beaw, kyng of Fraunce, 
who was one of the feyrest ladyes of the worlde. The kyng 




CAP. IV had by her two sonnes and two doughters. The fyrste son 
Here mya was the noble and hardy kyng Edward the thyrde, of whom 
*"*u**Y *^^^ hystory is begon. The second was named John, and 

mencion of ^^^^ ^^^S' '^^^ ^^^^ °^ *^^ doughters was called Isabel, 
the parent of naaried to the yong kyng David of Scotland, son to kyng 
this good Robert de Bruse, maried in her tender yongth, by thaccord 
kyng Edward of both realmes of Ingland and Scotland, for to make per- 
the fhird. fight peax. The other doughter was maried to the erle 
1 Oudd/res. Reynold, who after was called duke of Guerles,^ and he had 

by her two sonnes, Reynold and Edward, who after reygned 

in great puissaunce. 


Herafter begynneth the occasion wherby the 

warre moved bitwene the kyngis of Fraunce 

and Ingland. 

NOW sheweth the hystory, that this Philyp la Beaw, 
kyng of Fraunce, had three sonnes, and a feyre 
doughter named Isabel, maried into Ingland to 
kyng Edward the second ; and these three sonnes, the 
eldest named Lewes, who was kyng of Navarr in his father's 
dales, and was called kyng Lewys Hotin ; the second 
had to name Philyp the great, or the long ; and the thyrde 
was called Charles; and all three were kyngis of Fraunce 
after theyr father's discease by ryght succession eche after 
other, without havyng any issue male of theyr bodies 
laufuUy begoten. So that after the deth of Charlis, last 
kyng of the three, the twelve piers and all the barons of 
Fraunce wold nat gyve the realme to Isabell the suster, who 
was queue of Ingland, bycause they sayd and maynte3nned, 
and yet do, that the realme of Fraunce is so noble that it 
ought nat to go to a woman ; and so consequently to Isabel, 
nor to the kyng of Inglande her eldest sonne; for they 
determyned the sonne of the woman to have no ryght nor 
succession by his mother, syn they declared the mother to 
have no ryght; so that by these reasons the twelve piers 
and barons of Fraunce, by theyr comon acord, dyd gyve the 
realme of Fraunce to the lord Philyp of Valois, nephew 


somtyme to Philyp la Beawe, kyng of Fraunce, and so put CAP. V. 
out the queue of Ingland and her sonne, who was as the Herafter 
next heire male, as sonne to the suster of Charles, last kyng begynneth 
of Fraunce. Thus went the realme of Fraunce out of the *^^ occasion 
ryght lynage as it seemed to many folk, wherby great warres ^^^^^ moved 
hath moved and fallen, and great distructions of people and bitwene the 
countries in the realme of Fraunce and other places, as ye kyngis of 
may hereafter. This is the very right foundation of this Fraunce and 
hystory, to recount the great entreprises and great featis of "^ ^" " 
armes that have fortuned and fallen : syth the tyme of the 
good Charlemaigne, kyng of Fraunce, ther never fell so great 


Of the erle Thomas of Lancastre, and twenty-two 

other of the great lordis and knyghtis of Inglande 

that were beheeddyd. 

THE forsaid kyng Edward the second, father to the 
noble kyng Edward the thyrde, on whom our mater 
is founded ; this sayd kyng governed right diversly 
his realme by the exortacion of sir Hewe Spencer, who 
had been norisshed with hym syth the begynnyng of his 
yongth ; the whiche sir Hewe had so enticed the kyng, 
that his father and he were the greattest raaisters in all the 
realme, and by envy thought to surmount all other barons 
of Ingland, wherby after the great discomfeture that the 
Scottes had made at Estermelyn,^ great murmoryng ther 1 Stirling. 
arose in Inglande bitwene the noble barons and the kyng's 
counsell, and namely, ageynst sir Hewe Spencer. They put 
on hym, that by his counsell they were discomfeted, and 
that he was favorable to the kyng of Scottes. And on this 
poynt the barons had divers tymes comunication together, 
to be advised what they myght do ; wherof Thomas erle of 
Lancastre, who was uncle to the kyng, was chief. And anon 
whan sir Hew Spencer had espied this, he purveyd for 
remedy, for he was so great with the kyng, and so nere hym, 
that he was more beloved with the kyng than all the worlds 
after. So on a day he came to the kyng and sayd. Sir, 



CAP. VI certayn lordes of your realme have made aliaunce together 
Of the erle agaynst you, and without ye take hede therto by tymes, 
Thomas of they purpose to put you out of your realme : and so by his 
Lancastre. malicious meanes he caused that the kyng made all the sayd 
lordes to be taken, and theyr heedis to be striken of with- 
out delay, and without knowlege or answere to any cause. 
Fyrst of all sir Thomas erle of Lancastre, who was a noble 
and a wyse holy knyght, and hath done syth many fayre 
myracles in Pomfret, where he was beheedded, for the whiche 
dede the sayd sir Hewe Spencer achyved great hate in all 
the realme, and specially of the quene, and of the erle of 
» Kent. Cane,^ brother to the kyng. And whan he parcey ved the 

dyspleasure of the quene, by his subtile wytte he set great 
discorde bitwene the kyng and the quene, so that the kyng 
wold nat se the quene, nor come in her company ; the whiche 
discord endured a long space. Than was it shewed to the 
quene secretly, and to the erle of Cane, that withoute they 
toke good hede to them selfe, they were lykely to be dis- 
troyed ; for sir Hewe Spencer was about to purchase moch 
trouble to theym. Than the quene secretly dyd purvey to 
go in to Fraunce, and toke her way as on pylgrymage to 
saynt Thomas of Canterbury, and so to Wynchelsey ; and 
in the nyght went into a shyp that was redy for her, and 
her yong sonne Edward with her, and the erle of Cane 
and sir Roger Mortymer; and in a nother ship they had 
put all theyr purveyaunce, and had wynde at wyll, and the 
next mornyng they arryved in the havyn of Bolayn. 


Howe the quene of Ingland went and complayned 

her to the kyng of Fraunce, her brother, of syr 

Hewe Spencer. 

WHAN quene Isabell was arryved at Bolayn, and 
her sonne with her, and the erle of Cane, the 
capytayns and abbot of the towne came agaynst 
her, and joyously receved her and her company into 
the abbey, and ther she aboode two dayes : than she 


departed, and rode so long by her journeys, that she arryved CAP. VII 
at Paris. Than kyng Charles her brother, who was en- Howe the 
fourmed of her comyng, sent to mete her divers of the queneoflng- 
greattest lordes of his realme, as the lorde syr Robert de ^*°*^ y^^* ^°^ 
Artoys, the lorde of Crucy, the lorde of Sully, the lorde of ^£^^j.^^g^g 
Roy, and dyvers other, who honorably dyd receve her, and Spencer, 
brought her in to the cite of Paris to the kyng her brother. 
And whan the kyng sawe his suster, whom he had nat sene 
long before, as she shuld have entred into his chambre, he 
mette her, and toke her in his armes, and kyst her, and 
sayd. Ye be welcome feyre suster with my feyre nephewe 
your Sonne, and toke them by the handis, and led them 
forth. The queue, who had no great joy at her harte, but 
that she was so nere to the kyng her brother, she wold have 
kneled downe two or three tymes at the feet of the kyng, 
but the kyng wold nat suffre her, but held her styl by 
the right hande, demaunding right swetely of her astate 
and besynesse. And she answered him ryght sagely, and 
lamentably recounted to hym all the felony es and injuries 
done to her by syr He we Spencer, and requyred hym of 
his ayde and comfort. Whan the noble kyng Charles of 
Fraunce had harde his suster's lamentation, who wepyngly 
had shewed hym all her nede and besynesse, he sayd to her, 
Fayre suster appease your selfe, for by the faith I owe to 
God and to saynt Denyce, I shall right well purvey for you 
some remedy. The quene than kneled downed, whether the 
kyng wold or nat, and sayd. My ryght dere lord and fayre 
brother, I pray God reward you. The kyng than toke her 
in his armes, and led her into an other chambre, the whiche 
was apparayled for her, and for the yong Edwarde her sonne, 
and so departed fro her, and caused at his costis and chargis 
all thyngis to be delyvered that was behovefuU for her and 
for her sonne. After it was nat long, but that for this 
occasion Charles, kyng of Fraunce, assembled together many 
great lordes and barons of the realme of Fraunce, to have 
theyr counsell and good advise howe they shuld ordeyne for 
the nede and besynes of his suster quene of Ingland. Than 
it was counsailed to the kyng, that he shuld let the quene 
his suster to purchas for her selfe frendis where as she wold 
in the realme of Fraunce, or in any other place, and hym 
D 26 


CAP. VII selfe to fayne and be not knowen therof ; for they sayd to 

Howe the move warre with the kyng of Ingland, and to bryng his 

quene of Ing- owne realme into hatred, it were nothyng apertenaunt nor 

land went and profitable to hym, nor to his realme. But they concluded, 

of T^ Hewe ^^^^ conveniently he might ayde her with golde and sylver, 

Spencer. for that is the metall wherby love is attaygned both of 

gentylemen and of pore souldiours. And to this counsell 

and advice accorded the kynge, and caused this to be shewed 

to the quene prively by sir Robert Dartoys, who as than 

was one of the greatteste lordis of all Fraunce. 


Howe that syr Hewe Spencer purchased, that the 
quene Isabell was banysshed out of Fraunce. 

NOWE let us speke somewhat of sir Hewe Spencer, 
Whan he sawe that he hadde drawen the kyng of 
Ingland so moche to his wyll, that he coud desire 
nothyng of hym but it was graunted, he caused many 
noble men and other to be put to deth without justice 
or la we, bicause he held them suspect to be ageynst hym ; 
and by his pride he dyd so many marveylles, that the barons 
that were left alyve in the land coude nat beare nor suffre 
it any lenger ; but they besought and requyred eche other 
among them selfe to be of a peasable accorde, and caused it 
secretly to be knowen to the quene theyr lady, who hadde 
ben as then at Parys the space of three yere, certifiyng her 
by wryttyng, that if she coulde fynd the meanes to have 
any companye of men of armes, if it were but to the nombre 
of a thousand, and to bryng her son and heyre with her 
into Inglande ; that than they wolde all drawe to her, and 
abeye her and her sonne Edward, as they were bounde to 
do of duety. These letters, thus sent secretly to her out of 
Ingland, she shewed them to kyng Charles her brother, who 
answered her, and sayde, Fayre suster, God be your ayde, 
your bes3aiesse shall avayle moche the better. Take of my 
men and subjectis to the nombre that your frendes have 
wrytten you for, and I consent wel to this voyage. I shall 


cause to be delyvered unto you golde and sylver as moche CAP. VIII 

as shall sufiyce you. And in this mater the quene had Howe that syr 

done so moche, what with her prayer, gyftes, and promysses, He we Spencer 

that many great lordis and yong knyghtis were of her PJ'|^''^Jl^^®'*^ 

accorde, as to bryng her with great strength agayne into is^bell^was^'^^ 

Inglande. Than the quene, as secretly as she coulde, she banysshed out 

ordeyned for her voyage, and made her purveyaunce ; but of Fraunce. 

she coude nat do it so secretly, but sir Hewe Spencer had 

knowledge therof. Than he thought to wynne and with- 

drawe the kyng of Fraunce fro her by great gyftes, and so 

sent secret messangers into Fraunce with great plentye of 

golde and sylver and ryche jewelles, and specially to the 

kyng, and his prive counsell, and dyd so moche, that in 

shorte space, the kyng of Fraunce and all his prive counselle 

were as colde to helpe the quene in her voyage, as they had 

before great desyre to do hit. And the kynge brake all 

that voyage, and defended every parsone in his realme, on 

payne of banysshyng the same, that none shulde be so 

hardy to go with the quene to brynge her agayne into 

Ingland. And yet the sayd sir Hew Spencer advysed hym 

of more malyce, and bethought hym howe he myght gette 

agayne the quene into Inglande, to be under the kyngis 

daunger and his. Than he caused the kyng to writte to the 

holy father the pope efFectuously, desyryng him that he 

wolde sende and wrytte to the kyng of Fraunce, that he 

shulde sende the quene his wyfe agayne into Inglande ; for 

he wyll acquite hym selfe to God and the worlde, and that 

it was nat his faute, that she departed fro hym ; for he 

wolde nothyng to her but all love and good faith, suche as 

he ought to holde in mariage. Also ther were lyke letters 

wrytten to the cardynals, dyvysed by many subtile wayes, 

the which all maye nat be wrytten here. 

Also he sent golde and sylver great plenty to dyverse 
cardynalles and prelates, suche as were moost nereste and 
secrettest with the pope, and ryght sage and able ambassa- 
dours were sente on this message ; and they ladde the pope 
in suche wyse by theyr gyftes and subtyle wayes, that he 
wrote to the kynge of Fraunce, that on peyne of cursyng, 
he shulde sende his suster Isabell into Ingland to the kyng 
her housbande. 




CAP. VIII These letters were brought to the kyng of Fraunce by 
Howe that syr the busshoppe of Xainctes, whom the pope sent in that 
Hewe Spencer legation. And whan the kyng had redde the letters, he 

P""'!i^®®"^ caused them to be shewed to the quene his suster, whom he 
tnattnequene ii. i>i ii» j-iiii 

Isabell was "*^" ^^^ ^^^^ °* long space beiore, commaundmg her hastely 
banysshed out to avoyde his realme, or els he wolde cause her to avoyde 
of Fraunce. with shame. 


Howe that quene Isabell departed fro Fraunce, 
and entred in to the Empyre. 

"HAN the quene hard thys tidyngis she knewe 
nat what to say nor what advyce to take ; for 
as than the barons of the realme of Fraunce 
were withdrawen from her by the commaundement of 
the kyng of Fraunce ; and so she had no comfort nor 
succoure, but all onely of her dere cosyn, sir Robert de 
Artoys, for he secretly dyd counsaile and comfort her as 
moche as he myght, for other wyse he durst nat, for the 
kyng hadde defended hym. But he knew well that the 
quene was chased out of Ingland, and also out of Fraunce, 
for evyll wyll and by envy, whiche greved hym greatly. 
Thus was sir Robert de Artoyes at the queues commaunde- 
ment ; but he durste nat speke nor be knowen therof, for 
he had hard the kyng say and swere, that who so ever 
spake to hym for the quene his suster shulde leese his 
landis and be banysshed the realme ; and he knewe secretly 
howe the kyng was in mynde and will to make his suster 
' Kent. to be taken, and Edward her sonne, and the erle of Cane,^ 

and syr Roger Mortymer, and to put them all in the handis 
of the kyng and of syr Hewe Spencer. Wherfore he came 
on a nyght, and declared all this to the quene, and advysed 
her of the parell that she was in. Than the quene was 
greatly abasshed, and required hym all wepyng of his good 
counsaile. Than he sayd, Madame, I counsaile you that ye 
depart and go in to the empire, where as ther be many great 
lordes, who may ryght well ayde you, and specially the erle 
Guillyam of Heynault, and syr John of Heynaulte his 


brother. These two are great lordes and wise men, true, CAP. IX 
drad, and redoubted of their ennemies. Than the quene Howe that 
caused to be made redy all her purveyaunce, and payd for quene Isabell 
every thyng as secretly as she myght ; and so she and her departed fro 
Sonne, the erle of Cane,^ and all her company departed from '■^"'^*'®- 
Paris, and rode to warde Heynaulte, and so long she rode ^ Kent. 
that she came to Cambresys ; and whan she knewe she was 
in the Empyre, she was better assured than she was before ; 
and so passed through Cambresys and entred into Ostren- 
aunt,^ in Heynaulte, and lodged at Ambreticourt, in a 2 vostrevant. 
knightes house, who was called syr Dambyrcourte,^ who ^ Sir Eustace 
receyved her ryght joyously in the best maner to his power, *^''^"^**'"'°**'*'* 
in so moche that after warde the quene of Inglande and 
her Sonne hadde with them into Inglande for ever the 
knyght and his wyfe and all his children, and avaunced 
them in dyvers maners. 

The comyng thus of the quene of Inglande and of her 
Sonne and heyre into the countrey of Heynaulte was anon 
well knowen in the howse of the good erle of Heynault, 
who as than was at Valenciennes; and syr John of Hey- 
nault was certified of the tyme whan the quene arryved at 
the place of syr Dambrecourte,^ the whiche syr John was 
brother to the sayde erle Guillam ; and as he that was yong 
and lusty, desiryng all honoure, mounted on his horse, and 
departed with a small company fro Valenciennes, and came 
the same nyght to Ambreticourt, and dyd to the quene all 
honour and reverence that he coulde devyse. The quene, 
who was ryght sorowfull, beganne to declare (complaynyng 
to hym ryght pyteously) her dolours ; wherof the sayd syr 
John had great pitie, so that the water dashte in his yen, 
and sayd certaynly, Fayre lady, beholde me here your owne 
knyght, who shall nat fayle you to dye in the quarell. I 
shall do the best of my power to conducte you and my 
lorde your sonne, and helpe to brynge you into your astatis 
in Inglande by the grace of God, and with the helpe of your 
frendis in that parties : and I and suche other as I can 
desyre shall put our lyves and goodes in adventure for your 
sake, and shall gette men of warre sufficient, if God be 
pleased, without the daunger of the kyng of Fraunce your 
brother. Than the quene wold have kneled downe for 



CAP. IX great joye that she had, and for the good wyll he offred 
Howe that her ; but this noble knyght toke her uppe quyckly in his 
quene Isabell armes and sayde, By the grace of God the noble quene of 
departed fro Jngland shall nat knele to me : but, madame, recomforte 
your selfe and all your company, for I shall kepe you faith- 
full promyse ; and ye shall go se the erle my brother, and 
the countesse his wyfe, and all theyr fayre children, who 
shall receyve you with great joye, for so I harde theym 
reporte they wold do. Than the quene sayd, Syr, I fynde 
in you more love and comforte than in all the worlde ; and 
for this that ye say and affirme me I thanke you a thousande 
tymes, and yf ye wyll do this ye have promised, in all 
courtesy and honoure, I and my sonne shall be to you for 
ever bounde, and wyll put all the realme of Ingland in 
your abandon ; for it is right that it so shuld be. And 
after these wordes, whan they were this accorded, syr John 
of Heynaulte toke leve of the quene for that nyght, and 
went to Denaing, and laye in the abbeye; and in the 
mornynge after masse he lepte on his horse, and came 
agayn to the quene, who receyved hym with great joye; 
by that tyme she had dynedde, and was redy to mounte on 
her horse to departe with hjmi ; and so the quene departed 
from the castell of Dambretycourte, and toke leve of the 
knyght and of the lady, and thanked them for theyr good 
chere that they hadde made her, and sayd that she trusted 
oones to se the tyme that she or her sonne shulde well 
remembre theyr courtesye. 

Thus departed the quene in the company of the sayd syr 
John lorde Beamont, who ryght joyously dyd conducte her 
to Valencyennes ; and agaynst her came many of the bur- 
gesses of the towne, and receyved her right humbly. Thus 
was she brought before the erle Guyllaume of Heynaulte, 
who receyved her with great joye, and in lyke wyse so dyd 
the countesse his wyfe, and feasted her ryght nobly. And 
as than this erle hadde foure fayre doughters, Margaret, 
Philyppe, Jane, and Isabell; amonge whome the yong 
Edwarde sette moost his love and company on Phylyppe ; 
and also the yong lady in al honour was more conversaunt 
with hym than any of her susters. Thus the quene Isabell 
abode at Valencyennes by the space of eight daies with the 


good erle and with the countess Jane de Valoys. In the CAP. IX 

meane tyme the quene aparailed for her needis and besy- Howe that 

nesse, and the said syr John wrote letters ryght eifectuously quene Isabell 

unto knyghtis and suche companyons as he trusted best in ^eparted fro 

all Heynaulte, in Brabant, and in Behaigne/ and prayed ^^"°*'®' 

them for all amyties, that was bitwene theym, that they ° ^'^^"" 

wolde goo with hym in this entreprise in to Inglande : and 

so there were great plentye what of one countrey and other, 

that were content to go with hym, for his love. But this 

sayd syr John of Heynaulte was greatly reproved and coun- 

sailed the contrarye, bothe of the Erie his brother, and of 

the chief of the counsaile of the countrey, bycause it semed 

to theym, that the entreprise was ryght hygh and parillouse, 

seynge the great discordis and great hates that as than was 

bytwene the barones of Inglande amonge them selfe ; and 

also consyderyng, that these Inglisshemen most commonly 

have ever great envy at straungers. Therfore they doubted, 

that the sayd syr John of Heynaulte, and his company 

shulde nat retourne agayne with honour. But howe so ever 

they blamed or counsailed hym, the gentle knyght wolde 

never chaunge his purpose, but sayd he hadde but one dethe 

to dye, the whiche was in the will of God : and also sayd, 

that all knyghtes ought to ayd to theyr powers all ladyes 

and damozels chased out of theyr owne countreys, beyng 

without counsaile or comfort. 


Howe that the quene Isabell arry ved in Inglande 
with syr John of Heynaulte in her company. 

THYS was syr John of Heynaulte moved in his 
courage and made his assembly and prayed the 
Henaus ^ to be redy at Hale, and the Brabances at ^ Haynalters. 
Bredas, and the Hollenders to be at Durdryghte, at 
a day lymytted. Than the quene of Inglande took leve 
of the erle of Heynaulte, and of the countesse, and thanked 
theym greatly of their honour, feast, and good chere, that 



CAP, X they hadde made her, kyssynge theym at her departynge. 
Howe that Thus this lady departed, and her sonne, and all her com- 
the quene Isa- pany, with syr John of Heynaulte, who with great peyne 
bell arryved gatte leve of his brother : sayng to hym, My lorde and 
witlTsvr^o^hn ^'^other, I am yong, and thynke that God hath pourveyed 
of Heynaulte. ^^^ ^^ ^^^^ entrepryse for myn advauncement. I beleve 
and thynke verely, that wrongfully and synfully this lady 
hath been chased out of Inglande, and also her sonne : hit is 
almes and glory to God and to the worlde to comforte and 
helpe them that be comfortlesse and specyally so hyghe, 
and so noble a lady as this is, who is doughter to a kyng 
and descendyd of a royall kyng : we be of her bloodde and 
she of oures. I hadde rather renounce and forsake all that 
I have, and go serve God over the see, and never to retourne 
into this countrey, rather than this good lady shulde have 
departed from us withowte comforte and helpe. Therfore 
dere brother, suffre me to go with your good wyll, wherin 
ye shall do nobly, and I shall humbly thanke you therof, 
and the better therby I shall accomplysshe all the voyage. 
And whan the good Erie of Heynaulte hadde well harde his 
brother, and parceved the great desyre that he hadde to 
his entrepryse, and sawe welle hyt myght tourne hym and 
his heyres to great honoure here after ; sayd to hym. My 
fayre brother, God forbyd that your good purpose shulde be 
broken or lette : therfore in the name of God I gyve you 
leve, and kyste hym, streynynge hym by the hande, in 
sygne of great love. 
1 Mons. Thus he departed, and roode the same nyghte to Mounce^ 

in Heynnaulte with the Quene of Inglande. What shulde 
I make long processe. They dyd so moche by theyre 
Journeys, that they came to Durdryght in Holande, wher 
as theyr specyall assembly was made. And there they 
purveyed for shyppys great and small, suche as they coulde 
get, and shypped their horses and barneys and purveyaunce, 
and so commaunded themselfe into the kepyng of God and 
toke theyr passage by see. In that company there were of 
knyghtis and lordis. Fyrst syr John of Heynault lord 
Beamond, syr Henry Dantoing, syr Michell de Ligne, the 
lorde of Gommegines, syr Parceval de Semeries, syr Robert 
de Bailleul, syr Sanxes de Boussoit, the lorde of Vertaing, the 


lorde of Pocelles, the lord Villers, the lord of Heyn, the lorde CAP. X 

of Sars, the lord of Boysiers, the lorde of Dambretycpurte, Howe that 

the lorde of Sarmuell ^ and syr Oulpharte of Gustelle, and the quene Isa- 

divers other knyghtis and squyers, all in great desyre to r®^J arryved 

serve theyr maister ; and whan they were all departed fro with°syr^ohn 

the havyn of Durdryght it was a fayre flete as for the of Heynaulte. 

quantite and well ordred, the season was fayre, and clere, 1 „ /q,,^^ 

and ryght temperate, and at theyr departynge with the fyrste 

flodde they came before the Digues ^ of Holande, and the ^ DyTiet. 

next day they drewe uppe theyr sayles, and toke theyr waye 

in eostynge Zelande, and theyr ententis were to have taken 

lande at Dongport,^ but they coulde nat, for a tertvpesie^nngport. 

toke them in the see, that put them so farre out of theyr 

course that they wist nat of two dayes wher they were : of 

the whiche God dyd them great grace. For if they had 

takyn lande at the porte where as they had thought, they 

had ben all loste, for they had fallen in the handis of theyre 

ennemyes, who knew well of theyr commyng, and aboode 

them there, to have putte theym all to dethe. So hit was 

that about the ende of two dayes, the tempest seased, and 

the maryners parceyved lande in Inglande, and drewe to 

that parte right joyously, and there toke lande on the 

sandes, withoute any ryght havyn or porte, at Harwiche, as 

the Inglysshe cronicle sayth, the xxiiii. daye of Septembre, 

the yere of our lorde M.CCC.xxvi; and so aboode on the 

sandes thre dayes with lytle purveyaunce of vitaylle and 

unshypped theyr horses and hameys, nor they wist nat in 

what parte of Inglande they were in : other in the power 

of theyr frendis, or in the power of theyr ennemies. On 

the iiii. day they toke forth theyr way in the adventure of 

God, and of saynt George, as suche people as hadde suifred 

great disease of colde by nyght, and hunger, and great 

feare, whereof they were nat as than clene ryd. And so 

they rode forth by hylles and dales, on the oone syde and 

on the other, tyll at the laste they founde vyllages, and a 

great abbeye of blacke monkes the whiche is called saint 

Hamon, wher as they iii. dayes refresshed themselfe. 

E 33 



Howe the quene of Inglande beseged the kyng 
her husbande in the towne of Bristowe. 

A ND than this tidynge spred about the realme so 
l\ moche that at the last it came to the knowledge 
-i. JL of the lordes, by whom the quene was called 
agayn into Ingland : and they apparailed them in all hast 
to come to Edwarde her son, whom they wolde have to 
theyr soveraigne lorde. And the fyrste that came and 
gave them moost comforte was Henry Erie of Lancastre 
with the wrye neck, called Torte colle, who was brother to 
Thomas erle of Lancastre beheeddyd, as ye have harde here 
before, who was a good knyght, and greatly recommended, 
as ye shall here after in this hystorye. Thys Erie Henry 
came to the quene with great companye of men of warre, 
and after hym came from one parte and other, erles, barones, 
knyghtys, and squiers with so moche people that they 
thought them clene out of parelles, and alwayes encreased 
theyr power as they went forewarde. Than they toke 
counsell among them, that they shulde ryde streyght to the 
towne of Brystowe, where as the kyng was, and with hym 
the Spencers. The whiche was a good towne, and a stronge, 
and well closed, standyng on a good port of the see and 
a stronge castell, the see bettyng rounde about it. And 
therin was the kyng and syr Hewe Spencer the elder, who 
was about xC. of age and syr Hewe Spencer his sonne, who 
was chiefFe governour of the kyng, and counsayled hym in 
all his evyll dedis. Also there was the Erie of Arundell, 
who had wedded the doughter of syr Hewe Spencer, and 
diverse other knyghtis and squiers, repayryng about the 
kyngis courte. Than the quene and all her companye, 
lordes of Heynaulte, erles, and barons, and all other Ing- 
lisshemen, toke the right way to the said towne of Bristowe, 
and in every towne where as they entred, they were receyved 
with great feast and honour, and alwayes theyr people 
encreased, and so longe they rode by theyr journeys that 
they arryved at Brystowe, and besygedde the towne rounde 


about as nere as they myght ; and the kyng, and syr Hewe CAP. XI 
Spencer the yonger, helde theym in the castelle, and the Howe the 
olde syre Hewe Spencer, and the erle of Arundell, helde quene of Ing- 
them in the town. And whan the people of the towne w^.^f beseged 
sawe the greate power that the Quene was of (for allmoost ^^* 

all Inglande was of her accorde) and perceved what parell 
and daunger evydentely they were in, they toke counsell 
amonge theymselfe, and determyned, that they wolde yelde 
uppe the towne to the quene, so that theyre lyves and 
gooddys myghte be sayvd. And soo they sende, to treate 
with the quene and her counsell, in this mattyer. But 
the quene nor her counselle wolde nat agree therto with- 
out she myght do with syr Hewe Spencer and with the erle 
of Arundell what it pleased her. 

Whan the people of the towne sawe they coulde have no 
peace otherwise, nor save the towne, nor theyr gooddes, nor 
theyr lyves, in that distresse they accorded to the quene, 
and opened the gates, so that the quene and syr John of 
Heynaulte and all her barons, knyghtis, and squyers entred 
into the towne, and toke theyr lodgyngys within, as many 
as myght, and the residewe without. Than sir Hewe 
Spencer and the Erie of Arundel were taken, and brought 
before the quene to do her pleasure with them. Than 
there was brought to the quene her owne chyldren, John 
her Sonne, and her two doughters, the whiche were found 
ther in the kepyng of the sayd syr Hewe Spencer, wherof 
the quene had great joy e, for she had nat sene theym longe 
before. Than the kyng myght have great sorowe, and sir 
Hewe Spencer the yonger, who were fast inclosed in the 
stronge castell, and the moost part of all the realme turned 
to the quenes parte, and to Edward her eldest sonne. 




Howe that syr Hewe Spencer thelder and the 
erle of Arundell were judged to dethe. 


"HAN the quene, and her barons, and all her 
company were lodged at theyr ease, than they 
beseged the castell as nere as they myght. 
The quene caused syr Hewe Spencer the elder and therle 
of Arundell to be brought forth before Edward her 
Sonne, and all the barons that were there present. And 
sayde howe that she, and her sonne, shulde take ryght and 
lawe on them, accordyng to theyr desertis. Than syr Hewe 
Spencer say d : Madame God be to you a good judge, and 
gyve you good judgement, and if we can nat have it in this 
world, I praye God we maye have hit in a nother. Than 
1 Wake. stepte forth syr Thomas Wage ^ a good knyght, and marshall 

of the hoste, and ther openly he recounted theyr dedis in 
wrytynge. And than tourned hym to a nother auncient 
knyght, to the entent that he shuld bryng hym on that case 
fauty, and to declare what shuld be done with suche par- 
sones, and what judgement they shulde have for suche 
causes. Than the sayd knyght counsailed with other 
barons and knyghtis, and so reported theyr opynions, the 
whiche was, how they had well deserved deth, for dyvers 
horryble dedis, the whiche they have commysed, for all the 
trespas rehersed before to justifie to be of trouth, wherfore 
they have deserved for the dy versyties of theyr trespaces, to 
have judgement in iii. dyvers maners : fyrst to be drawen, 
and after to be heedded, and than to be hanged on the 
jebet. This in lyke wyse as they were judged, so it was 
done, and executed before the castell of Brystowe, in the 
syght of the kyng, and of syr Hewe Spencer the yonger. 
This judgement was doone in the yere of our Lorde 
M.CCC.xxvi. on saynt Denys day in October. And after 
this execucion, the kyng and the yong Spencer, seyng theym 
selfe thus beseged in this myschiefe, and knewe no comfort 
that myght come to them, in a mornyng betymes, they 
two, with a smalle company, entred into a lytle vessell 


behynde the castell, thynkyng to have fledde to the countrey CAP. XII 
of Walys. But they were xi. dayes in the shyppe, and Howe that syr 
enforced it to saile as moche as they myghte. But what Hewe Spencer 
so ever they dydde, the wynde was every daye so contrary tl^elder and 
to them, by the wyll of God, that every daye oones or twyse, t^ d^f 
they were ever brought agayn within a quarter of a myle to were judged 
the same castell. to dethe. 

At the last it fortuned syr Henry Beamonde son to the 
vicount Beamond in Ingland, entred in to a barge, and 
certayne company with hym, and spyed this vessel], and 
rowed after hym so long, that the shyp, wherein the kyng 
was, coulde nat flee fast before them, but fynally they were 
over takyn, and so brought aga3ai to the towne of Bristow, 
and delyvered to the queue and her son, as prisoners. Thus 
it befel of this high and hardy entrepryse of syr John of 
Heynaulte, and his companye. For whan they departed 
and entred into theyr shyppes at Durdright they were but 
iii. C. men of armes. And thus by theyr help, and the 
lordes in Ingland, the queue Isabell conquered agayn all 
her astate and dignyte, and put unto execucion all her 
ennemyes, wherof all the moost parte of the realme were 
right joyouse, withoute it were a fewe parsones suche as 
were favourable to syr Hewe Spencer, and of his jparte. 
And whan the kyng and sir Hewe Spencer were brought to 
Bristowe by the said sir Henry Beamonde, the kyng was 
than sent by the counsell of all the barons and knyghtis, to 
the strong castell of Barkely, and put under good kepyng 
and honest, and ther were ordeined people of astate aboute 
hym, suche as knewe ryght well what they ought to doo, 
but they were straytly commaunded, that they shulde in no 
wyse suffre hym to passe out of the castell. And syr Hewe 
Spencer was deliverd to syr Thomas Wage^ marshall of the 1 Wake. 
host. And after that the queue departed and al her host 
toward London, whiche was the chiefe cite of Ingland ; And 
so ryd forth on theyr journeis, and syr Thomas Wage 
caused syr Hewe Spencer to be fast bound on the lest and 
lenest ^ hors of al the host, and caused hym to were on a 2 best cmd 
tabarte, suche as traytours and theves were wont to were. ^«^^«* ^^ 
And thus he was led in scorne, after the quenes rout, 
through out all the townes as they passed, with trumpes 




CAP. XII and canaryes, to do hym the greatter dispyte, tyll at the 
Howe that syrlaste they came to the Cite of Herford,^ wher as the quene 
HeweSpencer was honorably receyved, with great solempnyte, and all her 
thf erle^S^ company, and ther she kept the feast of all sayntis with 
Arundell great royalte, for the love of her son, and straungers that 
were judged were ther. 
to dethe. 
^Hereford. CAP. XIII 

Howe syr Hewe Spencer was put to his 

HAN this feast was done, than syr Hewe Spencer 
who was nothyng beloved was brought forth 
before the quene, and all the lordes and 
knyghtis, and ther before hym in wrytyng was rehersed 
all his dedis, ageynst the whiche he wold gyve no raaner of 
answere. And so he was than judged by playn sentence. 

Fyrst to be drawen on an hyrdell with trumpes and 
trumpettis through all the cite of Herford, and after, to 
be brought into the market place, where as all the people 
were assembled, and there to be tyed on hygh upon a ladder 
that every man myght se hym : and in the same place ther 
to be made a great fier, and ther his pryvy membres cut 
from hym, bycause they reputed hym as an heretyk, and 
2 so demed P. sodomite,^ and so to be brent in the lyre before his face : and 
than his hart to be drawen out of his body, and cast into 
the fyre, bycause he was a false traytour of hart, and that 
by hys traytours counsell and extorcion, the kyng had 
shamed his realme, and brought it to great myschief, for he 
had caused to be behedded the greattest lordes of his realme, 
by whom the realme ought to have been susteyned and 
defended : and he had so enduced the kyng, that he wolde 
nat se the quene his wyfe, nor Edwarde his eldest son, and 
caused hym to chace them out of the realme for fere of 
theyr lyves : and than his heed to be stryken of and sent to 
London. And accord yng to his judgement, he was executed. 
Than the quene and all her lordes toke theyr way toward 
London, and dyd so moche by theyr journeys, that they 
arryved at the Cite of London, and they of the cite with 


great company mette them, and dyd to the quene, and to CAP. XIII 
her Sonne, great reverence, and to al theyr company, as they Howe syr 
thought it best bestowed. And whan they had ben thus Hewe Spencer 
receyved and feasted the space of xv. dayes, the knyghtis T'^^ P^* *^ ^*^ 
straungers,andnamelysyrJohnof Heynaulte had great desyre^" gemen . 
to retourne agayn into theyr owne countres, for they thought 
they had well done theyr devour, and achy ved great honour, 
and so toke theyr leve of the quene, and of the lordes of the 
realme, and the quene and the lordes requyred them to tary 
longer a lytle space to se what shuld be done with the kyng, 
who was in pryson, but the straungers had so great desyre 
to retourne into theyr owne countreys, that to praye theym 
the contrarye, avayled nat. And whan the quene and her 
counsell saw that, they yet desyred syr John of Heynaulte 
to tary tyll it was past Christmas, and to retaygne with 
hym suche of his company as pleased hyra best. The gentle 
knyght wold nat leve to parfourme his service, but courtesly 
graunted the quene to tary as long as it pleased her, and 
caused to tary suche of his company as he coude get ; that 
was but a fewe for the remnaunt wolde in no wyse tary, 
wherof he was displeased. Whan the quene and her counsell 
sawe that they wolde nat abyde for no prayers, than they 
made them great chere and feastis. And the quene made 
to be gyven to them plenty of golde and sylver for theyr 
costis and servicis, and dyd gyve great jewelles to eche of 
them, accordyng to theyr degrees, so as they all helde them 
selfe ryght well content. And over that they had sylver 
for theyr horses, suche as they wolde leve behynde theym ; 
at theyre owne estymation, without any grudgyng. And 
thus syr John of Heynaulte aboode styll with a smalle com- 
pany among the Englisshemen, who always dydde hym as 
moche honoure as they coude ymagyn, and to all his 
company. And in lyke wyse so dyd the ladyes and damo- 
zelles of the countre. For there were great plenty e of 
countesses, and great ladyes gentle pucels, who were come 
thither to acompany the quene. For it seemed well to 
them, that the knyght syr John of Heynaulte had well 
deserved the chere and feast that they made hym. 




The coronacion of kyng Edward the thyrde. 

A FTER that the most part of the company of Hey- 
l-\ naulte were departed, and syr John Heynaulte 
jL \. lorde of Beamonde taryed, the quene gave leve to 
her people to departe, savynge a certayne noble knightis 
the whiche she kept styl about her and her sonne, to 
counsell them, and commaunded all them that departed, 
to be at London the next Christmas, for as than she was 
determyned to kepe open court, and all they promysed her 
so to do. And whan Christmas was come, she helde a 
great court. And thyther came dukes, erles, barons, 
knyghtis, and all the nobles of the realme, with prelates, 
and burgesses of good townes, and at this assemble it was 
advysed that the realme coud nat long endure without a heed 
and a chief lord. Than they put in wrytynge all the dedis 
of the kyng who was in prison, and all that he hadde done 
by evyll counsell, and all his usages, and evyll behavyngis, 
and how evyll he had governed his realme, the which was 
redde openly in playn audience, to thentent that the noble 
sagis of the realme might take therof good advyce, and to 
fall at acorde how the realme shuld be governed from thens- 
forth ; and whan all the cases and dedis that the kyng had 
done and consented to, and all his behavyng and usages 
were red, and wel understand, the barons and knyghtis and 
al the counsels of the realme, drew them aparte to counsell, 
and the most part of them accorded, and namely the great 
lordes and nobles, with the burgesses of the good townes, 
accordyng as they had hard say, and knew themselfe the 
most parte of his dedis. Wherfore they concluded that 
suche a man was nat worthy to be a kyng, nor to here a 
crowne royall, nor to have the name of a kyng. But they 
all accorded that Edward his eldeste son who was ther 
present, and was ryghtful heyre, shuld be crowned kyng 
in stede of his father, so that he wold take good counsell, 
sage and true about hym, so that the realme from thens- 
forth myght be better governed than it was before, and that 



the olde kyng his father shuld be well and honestly kept as CAP. XIIII 
long as he ly ved accordyng to his astate ; and thus as it The corona- 
was agreed by all the nobles, so it was accomplysshed, and cion of kyng 
than was crowned with a crowne royall at the palaice of ^*^^^^^ *^® 
Westminster, beside London, the yong kyng Edward the iii. ^^ ®' 
who in his dayes after was right fortunate and happy in 
armes. This coronacion was in the yere of our Lorde 
M.CCC.xxvi. on christymas day, and as than the yong kyng 
was about the age of xvi. and they held the fest tyl the 
convercion of saynt Paule folowyng : and in the mean tyme 
greatly was fested sir John of Heynaulte and all the princis 
and nobles of his countre, and was gyven to hym, and to his 
company, many ryche jewels. And so he and his company 
in great feast and solas both with lordis and ladyes taried 
tyll the xii. day. And than syr John of Heynaulte hard 
tydyngis, how that the kyng of Bayghan,^ and the erle of ^ Bohemia. 
Heynaulte his brother, and other great plenty of lordis of 
Fraunce, had ordeyned to be at Conde, at a great feast and 
turney that was there cryed. Than wold sir John of Hey- 
naulte no longer abyde for no prayer, so great desire he had 
to be at the said tourney, and to se the erle his brother, 
and other lordis of hys countrey, and specially the ryght 
noble kyng in larges the gentyll Charles kyng of Bayghan. 
Whan the yong kyng Edward, and the queue his mother, 
and the barons, saw that he wold no longer tary, and that 
theyr request coude nat availe, they gave hym leve sore 
ageynst theyr wyls, and the kyng by the counsell of the 
queue his mother dyd gyve hym CCCC. markis sterlyngis of 
rent heritable, to hold of hym in fee, to be payed every 
yere in the towne of Bruges : and also dyd gyve to Philyp 
of Chastaulxe, his chef esquyer, and his soveraigne coun- 
sellour, C. marke of rent yerely, to be payed at the sayd 
place, and also delyvered hym moche money, to pay ther- 
with the costis of hym, and of his company, tyl he come in 
to his owne countre, and caused hym to be conducted with 
many noble knyghtis to Dover, and ther delyvered hym all 
his passage free. And to the ladyes that were come into 
Ingland with the quene, and namely to the countesse of 
Garrennes, who was suster to the erle of Bare, and to 
dyverse other ladyes and damozels, ther were gvven many 
F ' 41 




CAP. XIIII feyre and ryche jewels at theyr departyng. And when syr 
The corona- John of Heynaulte was departed fro the yong kyng Edward, 
cion of kyng and all his company, and wer come to Dover, they entred 
Edward the encontynent into theyr shippes, to passe the see, to the 
entent to come be tymes to the sayd tourney, and ther 
went with hym xv, yong lusty knyghtis of Ingland to 
go to this tourney with hym, and to acqueynt them 
with the straunge lordis, and knyghtis that shuld be 
ther, and they had great honour of all the company that 
turneyd at that tyme at Conde. 


Howe that kyng Robert de Breux of Scotland 
defyed kyng Edward. 

A FTER that syr John of Heynault was departed fro 
/-\ kyng Edward, he, and the quene his mother, 
X ^ governed the realme by the counselle of the Erie 
of Kent, uncle to the kyng, and by the counsell of syr 
Roger Mortymer, who had great landes in Ingland, to 
the summe of of rent yerely. And they both were 
banisshed and chased out of Ingland with the quene as ye 
have hard before. Also they used moche after the counsell 
1 Wake. of syr Thomas Wage,^ and by the advyse of other, who 

were reputed for the most sagest of the realme. How be it 
ther were some hadde envy therat, the which never dyed in 
Inglande, and also it reigneth and wyl reigne in dyvers 
other countres. Thus passed forth the wynter and the 
lent season tyll Easter, and than the kyng and the quene 
and all the realme was in good peace all this season. Than 
so it fortuned, that kyng Robert of Scotland, who had ben 
ryght hardy, and had suffered moche travaile agaynst 
Inglisshemen, and often tymes he had ben chased and dis- 
comfeted, in the tyme of kyng Edward the fyrst, graundfather 
to this yong kyng Edward the iii. he was as than become 
very olde, and auncient, and sicke (as it was sayd) of the 
great evyll and malady. Whan he knewe thadventures 
that was fallen in Ingland, ho we that the olde kyng Edwarde 



the ii. was taken and deposed downe fro his regalley, and his CAP. XV 
crowne, and certayne of his counsellours behedded and put to Howe that 
distruction, as ye have hard here before, than he bethought kyng Robert 
hym that he wolde defye the yonge kyng Edward the iii. ^ Breux of 
bicause he was yong, and that the barons of the realme j^^ ^^ 
were nat all of one accorde, as it was said ; therfore he Edward, 
[thought] the better to spede in his purpose to conquere part 
of Ingland. And so about Easter in the yere of our Lorde 
M.CCC.xxvii. he sent his defyaunceto the yong kyng Edward 
the iii. and to all the realme, sendyng them worde, howe 
that he wolde entre into the realme of Ingland, and brenne 
before hym, as he had done before tyme, at suche seson as 
the discomfeture was at the castell of Estermelin,^ where as ^ Stirling. 
the Inglisshmen receyved great dammage. Whan the kyng 
of Ingland and his counsell, perceyved that they were de- 
fyed, they caused it to be knowen over all the realme : and 
commaunded that all the nobles, and all other, shuld be 
redy appareled every man after his estate : and that they 
shulde be by Ascencion day next after, at the towne of 
Yorke, standyng northward. The kyng sent moche people 
before to kepe the fronters agaynst Scotland, and sent a 
great ambassade to sir John of Heynault, praying hym 
right effectuously that he wold helpe to socour, and to kepe 
company with hym, in his voiage agaynst the Scottis, and 
that he wolde be with hym at the Ascencion day nexte 
after, at Yorke, with suche company as he myght gette of 
men of warre, in those parties. Whan syr John of Hey- 
naulte lorde of Beamonde hard the kyngis desyre, he sent 
streyght his letters and his messengers in every place, where 
as he thought to recover, or attaigne to have any company 
of men of warre, in Flaunders, in Heynaulte, in Brabant, 
and in other places, desyryng them that in theyr best 
apparell for the warre, they wolde mete hym at Wysant, 
for to go over the see with hym into Ingland. And all 
suche as he sent unto came to hym with a glad chere, and 
dyverse other that hard therof, in trust to attaigne to as 
moche honour, as they had, that were with hym in Ingland 
before at the other voiage. So that by that tyme the sayd 
lorde Beamonde was come to Wysant, ther was redy shyppes 
for hym and his company, brought out of Ingland. And 




Howe that 
kyng Robert 
de Breux of 
defyed kyng 

1 Enghien. 
' Fagnolk. 

3 Briffeuil. 

" Straten. 

• Hesbegnons. 
'' Jecm le Bel. 


SO they toke shyppyng and passed over the see, and arryved 
at Dover, and so than seased nat to ryde tyll they came 
within iii, dayes of Penthecoste to the towne of Yorke, wher 
as the kyng, and the quene his mother, and all his lordis 
were with great host, taryeng the comynge of sir John 
of Heynaulte, and had sent many before of theyr men of 
armes, archers and comen people of the good townes and 
villages, and as people resorted, they were caused to be 
loged ii. or iii. leges of, al about in the countre. And on a 
day thyther came sir John of Heynaulte and his company, 
who were ryght welcome and well receyved, both of the 
kyng, of the quene his mother, and of all other barons, and 
to them was delyvered the subbarbes of the cite, to lodge 
in. And to sir John of Heynaulte was delyvered an abbey 
of whyte monkes for hym and his howsold. Ther came 
with hym out of Heynaulte, the lorde of Angien,^ who was 
called syr Gualtier, and sir Henry lorde Dantoing, and the 
lorde of Saignoles,^ and sir Fastres de Rue, sir Robert de 
Bailleul, and sir Guilliam de Bailleul his brother, and the 
lorde of Havereth chasteleyne of Mons, syr Allarde de 
Brysnell,^ syr Mychell de Ligne, syr John de Mentigni the 
yonger, and his brother, sir Sawse de Boussat, the lorde of 
Gommegines, syr Percy val de Severnes,^ the lorde of Byaurien, 
and the lorde of Floien. Also of the countre of Flaunders, 
ther was syr Hector of Vilais, sir John de Rodes, syr 
Vauflart de Guistell, the lorde of Traces^ sir Guyssuyn de 
la Muele; and dy verse came thither of the countrey of 
Brabant, as the lorde of Dufle, syr Tyrry of Vaucourt, syr 
Rasse de Gres, syr John de Cassebegne, syr John Pylestre, 
syr Guyllaum de Courterelles, the iii. bretherne de Harle- 
beque, syr Gualtier de Haultbergue, and dyvers other. 
And of Behaignons,^ ther was syr John de Libeaux,' and sir 
Henry his brother, sir Henry de la Chapell, syr Hewe de 
Hay, syr John de Limies, syr Lambert de Pres, and sir 
Guilbert de Hers, And out of Cambresis and Artoys, ther 
were come certayn knyghtis of theyr owne good wylles to 
avaunce theyr bodyes, so that sir John of Heynaulte had 
well in his company v. C. men of armes well apparailed, and 
richely mounted. And after the feast of Penthecost came 
thyther, syr Guyllaume de Juliers, who was after duke of 


Juliers after the dissease of his father, and sir Tyrry of CAP. XV 
Branberque,^ who was after erle of Los, and with them Howe that 
a ryght fayre rowte, and all to kepe companye with the kyng Robert 
gentle knyght sir John of Heynaulte, lorde Beamont. defyedTynff 


^ Thierry of 
CAP XVI Hevasherg. 

The discencion that was bitwene the archers of 
Inglande and them of Heynaulte. 

THE gentle kyng of Ingland, the better to fest these 
straunge lordes and all their company, helde a 
great courte on Trynite Sonday in the friers, wher 
as he and the quene his mother were lodged, kepynge theyr 
house eche of them apart. All this feast the kyng hadde 
well V. C. knyghtis, and xv. were new made. And the quene 
had well in her courte Ix. ladyes and damozelles, who were 
there redy to make feast and chere to sir John of Hey- 
naulte and to his companye. There myght have been seen 
great noblesse, [and] plenty of all maner of straunge vitaile. 
There were ladyes and damozelles freshly apparayled redy 
to have daunced, if they myght have leve. But incontynent 
after dyner, there began a great fraye bitwene some of the 
gromes and pages of the straungers, and of the archers of 
Inglande, who were lodged among them in the said sub- 
barbis, and anon all the archers assembled them to gether 
with theyr bowes and drove the straungers home to theyr 
lodgyng, and the most part of the knyghtis and maisters of 
them were as then in the kyngis courte, but as soone as 
they harde tydynges of the fray, eche of them drewe to 
theyr owne lodgyng, in great hast suche as myght entre, 
and suche as coulde nat get in, were in great parell. For 
the archers who were to the nombre of iii. M. shotte faste 
theyr arowes, nat sparyng maisters nor varlettis. And it 
was thought and supposed that this fraye was begonne by 
some of the frendis of the Spencers, and of the erle of 
Arundels, who were put to deth before, by the aide and 
counsell of sir John of Heynaulte, as ye have harde before, as 
than paraventure thought to be somwhat revenged, and to 




The discen- 
cion that was 
bitwene the 
archers of 
Inglande and 
them of 

1 Semeries. 


set discorde in the hoost. And so the Inglysshemen, that 
were hostes to these straungers shoot fast their doores, and 
wyndowes, and wolde nat suffre theym to entre in to theyr 
lodgyngis : howbeit some gate in on the backe syde and 
quickly armed them, but they durst nat issue out into the 
strete for feare of the arowes. 

Than the straungers brake out on the backe side, and 
brake downe pales and hedges of gardens, and drewe them 
into a certeyne playne place, and aboode their company, 
tyll at the last they were a C. and above of men of armes, 
and as many unharnest, suche as coulde nat get to theyr 
lodgyngis. And whan they were assembled together, they 
hasted them to go and succoure theyr compaignyons, who 
defended theyr lodgyngis in the great strete. And as they 
went forth they passed by the lodgyng of the lorde Denghyen, 
wher as there were great gatis both before and behynd, 
openyng into the great strete : and the archers of Ingland 
shot fersly at the bowse, and ther were many of the Hainalters 
hurte : and the good knyght Fastre de Rue, and syr John 
Parcevall de Meries,^ and syr Sanse de Boussac, these iii. 
coulde nat entre in to theyr lodgyngis to arme them, but 
they dyd as valiantly as though they had ben armed. They 
had great levers in their handis, the whiche they founde in 
a carpenters yarde, with the whiche they gave suche strokis 
that men durst nat aproche to them. They iii. bette downe 
that day, with suche few company as they had, mo than Ix. 
For they were great and myghty knyghtis. Fynally the 
archers that were at the fraye, were discomfetted and put 
to chase, and there was deed in the place, well to the nombre 
of CCC. And it was said they were all of the busshopprike 
of Lyncoln. I trowe God dyd never gyve more grace and 
fortune to any people, than he dyd as than, to this gentle 
knyght, syr John of Heynaulte and to his companye. For 
these Inglisshe archers intended to none other thyng, but to 
murder and to robbe them, for all that they were come to 
serve the kyng in his besynesse. These straungers were 
never in so great parell, all the season that they lay, nor 
they were never after in surete, tyll they were agayne at 
Wysant, in theyr owne countre. For they were fallen in 
so great hate with all the archers of the ooste, that some of 



the barones and knyghtis of Inglande shewed unto the lordes CAP. XVI 
of Heynaulte, gy vyng them warnyng, that the archers and The discen- 
other of the comon people were alied to gether to the nombre cion that was 
of vi. M. to thentent to breynne or to kyll them in theyr bitwene the 
lodgyngis, eyther by nyght, or by day. And so they lyved ^^^^'^^'^s of 
at a hard adventure, but eche of them promysed to helpe tj^l^ of 
and ayde other, and to selle derely theyr lyves or they were Heynaulte. 
slayne. So they made many fayre ordynaunces among theym 
selfe by good and great advyce : wherby they were fayne 
often tymes, to lye in theyr harneis by nyght, and in the 
daye to kepe theyr lodgyngis, and to have all their hameys 
redy and theyr horses sadled. Thus contynually they were 
faine to make watch e by their constables in the feldes and 
high wayes about the courte, and to sende out scout watches 
a myle of, to se ever if any suche people were commyng 
to them warde, as they were enfourmed of, to the entent 
that if theyr scoutwatche hard any noyse, or movyng of 
people drawyng to the cite warde, than incontynent they 
shulde gyve them knowledge, wherby they myght the soner 
gader togyther, eche of them under their owne baner, in a 
certayn place, the whiche they had advysed for the same 
entent. And in this tribulacion they aboode in the sayd 
subbarbes, by the space of foure wekis, and in all that season, 
they durst nat go farr fro their harneis, nor fro theyr lodg- 
yngis, savyng a certayn of the chief lordes among them, 
who went to the courte to se the kyng and his counsell, who 
made them right good chere. For if the said evyll adven- 
ture had nat ben, they had sojourned there in great ease, 
for the cite and the countrey about them was ryght plenti- 
full. For al the tyme of vi. weekis that the kyng and the 
lordis of Inglande, and mo than Ix. M. men of warre laye 
ther, the vitailes were never the derer, for ever they had a 
peny worthe for a peny, as well as other had before they 
cam ther, and ther was good wyne of Gascoyn, and of 
Angiew,^ and of the Ryne, and plenti therof, with right ^ Aussois, i.e. 
good chepe, as well of pollen, as of other vitailes ; and there "^^^"''^' 
was dayly brought before their lodgyngis hey, ootes, and 
litter, wherof they were well served for their horses, and at 
a metly price. 




Here the hy story speketh of the maner of the 
Scottis, and howe they can warre. 


ND whan they hadde sojourned iii. weekis after thys 
sayd fray, than they had knoweledge fro the kyng, 
by the Marshals of the ooste, that the next 
weeke every man shuld provyde for cartis and chairettis, 
tentis and pavy lions to lye in the felde, and for all other 
necessaryes therto belongynge, to the entent to drawe 
towarde Scotlande. And whan every man was redy aparailed, 
the kyng and all his barones went out of the cite, and the 
first nyght they lodged vi, myle forwarde. And syr John 
of Heynault and his company were lodged alwayes as nere 
the kyng as myght be, to do hym the more honour, and also 
to thentent that the archers shulde have noo vauntage of 
hym nor of his companye. And there the kyng aboode ii. 
dayes and ii. nyghtes, taryeng for all them that were behynd, 
and to be well advysed that they lacked nothyng. And on 
the iii. daye they dislodged, and went forwarde tyll they 
came to the cite of Durham, a dayes journey within the 
countrey called Northumbrelande, the which e at that tyme 
was a savage and a wylde countrey, full of desartis and 
mountaignes, and a ryght pore countrey of every thyng, 
saving of beastis : throughe the whiche there ronneth a 
ryver ful of flynt and great stones, called the water of Tyne, 
And on this ryver standeth the towne and castell of Carlyel, 
the whiche sometyme was kyng Arthurs, and helde his 
courte there often tymes. Also on that ryver is assysed 
the towne of Newe castell upon Tyne : in the whiche towne 
was redy the Marchall of Inglande, with a great company 
of men of armes, to kepe the countrey agaynst the Scottis ; 
Hereford. and at Carlyel was the lorde Huford ^ and the lorde Mow- 
bray, who were governours there, to defende the Scottis the 
passage ; for the Scottis coulde nat entre into Inglande, but 
they must passe this sayd ryver in one place or other. The 
Inglisshemen coulde here no tydyngis of the Scottis tyll 
they were come to the entre of the sayd countrey. The 


Scottis were passed this ryver so prively, that they of Carlyel CAP. XVII 
nor yet of Newe castell knew nothyng therof, for bitwene Here the 
the sayd townes it was xxiiii. Englisshe myle. These hystory 
Scottysshe men are right hardy, and sore travelyng in ^peketh of 
harneys and in warres ; for whan they wyll entre into Ing- ^j^® ^„* ++-^ 
land, within a daye and a nyght, they wyll dryve theyr hole 
host xxiiii. myle, for they are all a horsbacke, without it be 
the traundals and laggers of the oost, who folow after, a 
foote. The knyghtis and squiers are well horsed, and the 
comon people and other, on litell hakeneys and geldyngis ; 
and they carey with them no cartis, nor chariettis, for the 
diversities of the mountaignes that they must passe through, 
in the countrey of North umbrelande. They take with them 
noo purveyaunce of brede nor wyne, for their usage and 
sobrenes is suche in tyme of warre, that they wyll passe in 
the journey a great long tyme, with flesshe halfe soden, 
without brede, and drynke of the ryver water without wyne : 
and they nother care for pottis nor pannis, for they seeth 
beastis in their owne skynnes. They are ever sure to fynde 
plenty of beastis in the countrey that they wyll passe 
throughe. Therfore they cary with them none other pur- 
veyaunce, but on their horse : bitwene the saddyll and the 
pannell, they trusse a brode plate of metall, and behynde 
the saddyl, they wyll have a lytle sacke full of ootemele, to 
the entent that whan they have eaten of the sodden flesshe, 
than they ley this plate on the fyre, and tempre a lytle of 
the ootemele : and whan the plate is bote, they cast of the 
thyn paste theron, and so make a lytle cake in maner of a 
crakenell, or bysket, and that they eate to comfort with all 
theyr stomakis. Wherfore it is no great merveile, though 
they make greatter journeys than other pepple do. And 
in this maner were the Scottis entred into the sayd countrey, 
and wasted and brent all about as they went, and toke great 
nombre of bestis. They were to the nombre of iiii. M. men 
of armes, knightis and squiers, mounted on good horses, and 
other X. M. men of warre were armed after their gyse, right 
hardy and firse, mounted on lytle hakeneys, the whiche were 
never tyed nor kept at hard meate, but lette go to pasture 
in the feldis and busshes. They had two good capitayns, 
for kyng Robert of Scotland, who in his dayes had ben hardy 
G 49 



Here the 
speketh of 
the maner of 
the Scottis. 
1 Moray. 
^ James. 


and prudent, was as than of great age, and sore greved with 
the great sickenes, but he hadde made one of his capitaynes, 
a gentle prince, and a valyant in armes, called the erle of 
Morrell,^ beryng in his armes sylver three oreylles gowles, 
and the other was the lorde William^ Duglas, who was 
reputed for the most hardy knyght, and greattest adventurer 
in al the realme of Scotland, and he bare azure a cheiFe 
sylver. These two lordes were renomed as chief in all dedis 
of armes, and great prowesse in all Scotlande. 


Howe the kyng of Inglande made his first journey 
agaynst the Scottis. 

WHAN the kyng of Ingland and his oste had sene 
and hard of the fyers that the Scottis had made 
in Inglande, incontynent was cryed alarme, 
and every man commaunded to dislodge, and folowe 
after the marshals baners. Than every man drewe to the 
felde redye apparailed to fyght. There was ordeyned thre 
great batels a foote, and to every batell ii. wyngis of v. C. 
men of armes, knyghtis and squiers : and xxx. M. other 
armed, and well aparailed : the one halfe on lytle hakeneys, 
and the other were men of the countre a fote, sent out of 
good townes at their wages ; and xxiiii. M. archers a foote, 
besyde all the other raskall and folowers of the oste ; and 
as these batels were thus ordred, so they avaunced foreward, 
well raynged, and in good order, and folowed the Scottis by 
the syth of the smoke that they made with burnyng, and 
thus they folowed all that day tyll it was nere nyght. Than 
the ost lodged them in a wodde by a lytle ryversyde, there 
to rest, and to abyde for theyr cariage and purveiauncis. 
And at that day the Scottis had brent and wasted, and 
pilled the countrey about, within v. myle of the Inglysshe 
oste : but the Inglisshmen coulde nat overtake them ; and 
the next day in the mornyng all the oste armed theym, and 
displayed theyr baners on the feld, every man redy appar- 
ailed in his owne batell, and so avaunced, without dis- 


orderyng, all the day through mountaignes and valeys ; but CAP. XVIII 
for all that they coulde never aproche nere to the Scottis, Howe the 
who went wastyng the countrey before them. There were kyng of Ing- 
suche marisshes and savage desertis, mountaignes and dales, j^nde made his 
that it was commaunded, on peyne of deth, that none of the affavnst'^T 
ost shulde passe before the baners of the marshals. And Scottis. 
whan it drewe towarde the nyght, the people, horse and 
cariage, and namely the men afoote, were so sore travailed, 
that they coulde nat endure to labour any forther that day. 
And whan the lordes sawe that theyr labour in folowyng 
the Scottis was in vayne, and also they perceved well, 
though the Scottis wold abyde them, yet they myght take 
theyr felde in suche a place, or on suche a hyll, that they 
coulde nat fyght with them, without it were to their great 
dammage and jeopardi : than was it commaunded in the 
kyngis name, by the marshals, that the oste shulde take 
theyr lodgyng for that nyght, and so to take counsell and 
advyse, what shulde be best to do the nexte daye. So the 
oste was lodged in a wodde by a river syde ; and the kynge 
was lodged in a lytle poore abbey : his men of warre, horse 
and caryage were mervailously fortravailed. And whan 
every man had takyn his place to lodge ther al nyght, than 
the lordes drewe them aparte, to take counsaile howe they 
myght fyght with the Scottis, consideryng the countrey 
that they were in : for as farre as they coulde understande, 
the Scottis went ever forewardes, all about bumyng and 
wastyng the countrey, and parceyved well, howe they coulde 
nat in any wyse feyght with them among these mountaignes, 
without great parell or daunger, and they sawe well also 
they coulde nat overtake them ; but it was thought that 
the Scottis must nedis passe agayne the river of Tyne 
homewarde; therfore it was determined by great advyceand 
counsaile, that all the oste shulde remove at raydnyght, and 
to make haste in the mornyng, to the entent to stoppe the 
passage of the ryver from the Scottis, wherby they shulde 
be advysed by force, eyther to fyght with them, or els to 
abyde styll in Inglande to theyr great daunger and losse. 
And to this conclusion all the oste was accorded, and so 
supped and lodged as well as they myght that nyght, and 
every man was warned to be redy, at the fyrst soundyng of 



CAP. XVIII the trumpette ; and at the secunde blaste, every man to 
Howe the arme hym without delaye ; and at the thyrde, every man 
kyng of Ing- quyckely to mounte on theyr horses, and to drawe under 
landemadehis ^j^gyp owne standard and baner ; and every man to take with 
agaynst^^T hym but one lofFe of brede, and to trusse it behynde hym 
Scottis. on his horse. It was also determined, that they shulde 

leave behynde theym all theyr loose barneys, and all maner 
of cariagis and purveyaunces : for they thought surely to 
feyght with the Scottis the next daye, what so ever daunger 
they were in, thynkyng to jeoparde, eyther to wyn, or to leese 
all. And thus it was ordeyned, and so it was accomplysshed : 
for about mydnyght every man was redy apparailed, fewe 
had slepte but lytle, and yet they had sore travaled the daye 
before. As great haste as they made, or they were well 
raunged in batell, the day began to appere. Than they 
avaunced forward in al hast, through mountaignes, valeys, 
and rokkes, and through many evyll passages, without any 
playn countrey. And on the hyest of these hylles, and on 
the playn of these valeys, there were mervaylouse great 
marshes and daungerous passages, that it was great mervaile 
that moche people hadde nat been lost, for they roode ever 
styll forward, and never taried one for another, for who so 
ever fel in any of these marshes, with moche peyne coulde 
gette any ayde to helpe theym out agayne; so that in 
dy verse places there were many lost, and specially horse and 
cariagis ; and often tymes in the day there was cryed alarum, 
■'i for it was said ever, that the formost company of their oste 

wer fyghtyng with their ennemies ; so that the hyndermost 
went it had ben true : wherfore they hasted theym over 
rokkis, and stones and mountaygnes, with helme and sheld 
redy apparailed to fyght, with spere and swerde redy in 
hand, without tariyng for father, brother, or companyon. 
And whan they had thus ron forth often tymes in the day, 
the space of halfe a myle togyther towarde the crye, wenyng 
it had been theyr ennemyes, they were deceyved : for the 
crye ever arose by the reysyng of hartis, hyndis, and other 
savage beastis, that were seen by them in the forewarde, 
after the whiche beastis they made such showtyng and 
criyng, that they that came after, went they had ben a 
fyghtyng with theyr ennemies. Thus rode forthe all that 



daye, the yonge kyng of Inglande, by mountaignes and CAP. XVIII 
desartis, without fynding any hygh way, towne, or village. Howe the 
And whan it was ageynst nyght, they came to the ry ver of kyng of Ing- 
Tyne, to the same place where as the Scottis hadde passed Ifmde made his 
over in to Inglande, wenyng to them, that they must nedis agVnst'the^ 
repasse agayne the same waye. Than the kyng of Inglande Scottis. 
and his oste passed over the same river, with suche gydis as 
he had, with moche peyne and travaile, for the passage was 
full of great stones. And whan they were over, they lodged 
theym that nyght by the ryver syde ; and by that tyme 
the son was goon to reste, and there was but fewe among 
them that had other axe or hoke, or any instrument to cutte 
downe any woodde to make their lodgyngis withal ; and 
there were many that had loste there owne company, and 
wist nat where they were. Some of the footemen were farre 
behynde, and wyst nat well what way to take : but suche as 
knewe beste the country, sayd playnly, they hadde rydden 
the same daye xxiiii. Englysshe myles : for they roode as 
faste as they might without any rest, but at suche passages 
as they coulde nat chese; all this nyght they laye by this ryver 
syde, styll in theyr barneys, holdynge theyr horses by theyr 
raynes in theyr handis, for they wyst nat wherunto to tye 
them ; thus theyr horses dyd eate no meate of all that 
nyght nor day before; they had nother ootes nor^ forage for ^ /<w P. 
them : nor the people of the oste had no sustenaunce of all 
that day nor nyght, but every man his loffe that he hadde 
caryed behynde hym, the whiche was sore wette with the 
swette of the horses : nor they dranke none other drynke 
but the water of the ryver, withowte it were some of the 
lordis that had caryed hotels with them : nor they had no 
fyer nor lyght, for they had nothyng to make lyght withall, 
without it were some of the lordes that had torches brought 
with them. In this great trouble and daunger they passed 
all that nyght : their armour still on their backis, their 
horses redy sadled. And whan the day began to appere, 
the whiche was greatly desired of all the hole oste, they 
trusted than to fynde some redresse for themselfe and for 
their horses, or els to fyght with theyr ennemies, the whiche 
they greatly desyred, to thentent to be delivered out of the 
great travaile and peyne that they had endured ; and all 



CAP. XVIII that day it rayned so faste that the ryver and passage was 
Howe the waxen great, and rysen so high, that or it were noone, ther 
kyng of Ing- myght none passe the passages agayn ; wherfore they could 
lande made his ^^^^ sende to know where as they were, nor where to have 
agaynst the ^^7 ^^^^S^ or lytter for theyr horses, nor brede nor drynke 
Scottis. for their owne sustinauncis : but so all that nyght they 

were fayne to fast, nor theyr horses had nothyng but leves 
of trees and herbes : they cut downe bowes of trees with 
theyr swerdis to tye withall their horses, and to make them 
selfe lodges. And about noone some poore folkis of the 
countrey were founde, and they said howe they were as than 
xiiii. myle from Newcastell upon Tyne, and xi. myle from 
Carlyle, and that there was no towne nerer to them, wherin 
they might fynde any thyng to do theym ease withall. 
And whan this was shewed to the kyng, and to the lordes 
of his counsell, incontinent were sent thither horses and 
sompters, to fetche thens some purveyance ; and there was 
a crye in the kyngis name made in the towne of Newcastell, 
that who so ever wolde bryng brede, or wyne, or any other 
vitaile, shulde be payd therfore incontinent at a good price, 
and that they shulde be conducted to the oste in save garde : 
for it was published openly that the kyng nor his oste wolde 
nat departe from the place that they were in, tyll they had 
some tydyngis where their ennemies were become. And the 
next day by noone, suche as had ben sent for vitaile, 
returned agayn to the oste, with suche purveyauncis as they 
coulde gette, and that was nat over moche, and with them 
came other folkis of the countrey, with lytle nagges, charged 
with brede evyll bakyn, in panyers, and smalle pere wyne in 
barels, and other vitaile to sel in the oste, wherby great part 
of the oste were well refresshed and eased. And thus they 
continued day by day, the space of viii. dayes, abidyng every 
day the retournyng agayn of the Scottis, who knew no more 
where the Englissh oste lay, than they knewe where they wer, 
so eche of them were ignorant of other. Thus iii. dayes and 
iii. nyghtis, they were in maner withowte brede, wyne, 
candel, or lyght, foder, or forage, or any maner of purvey- 
aunce, other for horse or man : and after the space of iiii. 
dayes, a lofFe of brede was solde for vi. d. the whiche was 
worthe but i. d., and a gallon of wyne for vi. grootis, that 


was worth but vi. d. And yet for all that, there was suche CAP. XVIII 

rage of famin, that eche toke vitailes out of others handis, Howe the 

wherby there rose divers batels and stryffes bitwene sondry kyng of Ing- 

companyons; and yet beside all these mischieffis it never J?"*^^"^**^®^^^ 

seased to rayne all the hoole weeke, wherby theyre saddels, a^aynst'^T 

pannels, and countresyngles were all rottyn and broken, and Scottis. 

most part of their horses hurt on their backs : nor they had 

nat wherwith to shoo them, that were unshodde, nor they 

had nothyng to cover them selfe withall, fro the rayne and 

colde, but grene busshes, and their armour ; nor they had 

nothyng to make fyre withal, but grene bowes, the whiche 

wolde nat bume bicause of the rayne. In this great 

mischief, they were all the weeke, without heryng of any 

worde of the Scottis, upon trust they shulde repasse agayn 

into theyr owne countreis, the same way, or nere ther about : 

wherby great noyse and murmour began to ryse in the oste, 

for some said, and layd it to others charge, that by theyr 

counsaile the kyng, and all they were brought in to that 

daunger, and that they had done it to betraye the kyng and 

all his ooste. Wherfore it was ordeyned by the kyng and 

by his counsaile, that the nexte momyng they shulde remove 

the ooste, and repasse agayne the ryver, about vii. myle 

thens, wher as they myght passe more at their ease. Than 

was it cried through out the oste, that every man shulde be 

redy apparailed to remove, the nexte day by times ; also 

there was a crye made, that who so ever coulde bryng to the 

kyng certayne knowledge where the Scottis were, he that 

brought fyrst tydyngis therof, shulde have for his labour a 

C. li. lande to hym, and to his heires for ever, and to be 

made a knyght of the kyngis hande. 

Whan this crye was made in the oste, divers Englisshe 
knyghtis and squiers, to the nombre of xv. or xvi. for 
covetyse of wynnyng of this promyse, they passed the ryver 
in great parell, and rode forth throughe the mountaignes, 
and departed eche one from other, takyng their adventure. 
The next momyng the oste dislodged, and rode fayre and 
easely all the daye, for they were but evyll apparailed, and 
dyd so moche that they repassed agayn the ryver, with 
moche payn and travaile, for the water was depe, bicause 
of the rayn that had fallen, wherfore many dyd swym, and 



CAP. XVIII some were drowned. And whan they were al over, than 
Howe the they lodged the oste, and ther they founde some forage, 
kyng of Ing- medowes and feldis, about a lytle village, the whiche the 
landemadehis Sco^;tis had brent whan they past that way : and the nexte 
aeaynst the ^^J^ ^^^J departed fro thens, and paste over hyls and dales 
Scottis. all day tyll it was noone, and than they founde some 

villages brent by the Scottis, and there about was some 
champyon countrey, with come and medowes, and so that 
nyght the ost lodged ther. Agayn the iii. day they rode 
forth, so that the most parte of the oste wist nat whiche 
way, for they knewe nat the countrey, nor they coulde here 
no tydyngis of the Scottis. And agayn the iiii. day they 
rode forth in lyke maner, tyl it was about the houre of iii. 
and there came a squyer fast rydyng toward the kyng, and 
said ; And it like your grace, I have brought you parfit 
tydyngis of the Scottis your ennemies : surely they be within 
iii. myle of you, lodged on a great mountaine abidyng ther 
for you, and ther they have ben all this viii. dayes, nor they 
knewe no more tidyngis of you, than ye dyd of them : sir, 
this that I shew you is of trouth, for I aproched so nere to 
them, that I was takyn prisoner, and brought before the 
lordes of their oste, and there I shewed them tydyngis of 
you, and how that ye seke for them, to thentent to have 
batell : and the lordes dyd quyt me my raunsom and prison, 
whan I had shewed them howe our grace had promised a 
C. li. sterlyng of rent to hym, that brought fyrst tydyngys 
of them to you, and they made me to promise that I shuld 
nat rest, tyll I had shewed you thys tydyngys, for they sayd 
they had as great desyre to fyght with you, as ye had with 
theym : and ther shall ye fynde them without faulte. And 
as soone as the kyng had harde this tidynges, he assembled 
all his ooste in a fay re medowe to pasture theyr horses : and 
besidis ther was lytle abbey the whiche was all brent, called 
in the dayes of kyng Arthur, le Blanche lande. Ther the 
kyng confessed hym, and every man made hym redy. The 
kyng caused many masses to be song, to howsell all suche 
as had devotion therto ; and incontynent he assigned a C. li. 
sterlyng of rent to the squier that had brought hym 
tidyngis of the Scottis, accordyng to his promyse, and made 
hym knyght his owne handis, before all the oste. And 


whan they had well rested them, and takyn repaste, than CAP. XVIII 
the trompet sounded to horse, and every man mounted, and Howe the 
the baners and standers folowed thys new made knyght, kyng of Ing- 
every batell by it selfe in good order, through mountaignes lande made his 
and dales, raynged as well as they myght, ever redy giayS th? 
apparailed to fyght : and they roode, and made suche hast, Scottis. 
that about noone they were so nere the Scottys, that eche of 
theym myghte clerely se other. And as soone as the Scottis 
sawe theym, they issued owte of theyre lodges a foote, 
and ordeyned iii. great battelles, in the avaylynge of the 
hyll : and at the foote of thys mountaygne, there ranne a 
great ryver, full of great rockes and stones, so that none 
myght passe over, withowte greate daunger or jeopardye, 
and though the Englisshmen hadde passed over the ryver, 
yet was there no place nor rowme, bytwene the hylle and 
the ryver, to sette the batayle in good order. The Scottis 
hadde stablysshed their two fyrste battelles, at the two 
corners of the mountaigne, joynyng to the rockes, so that 
none myght well mounte upon the hyll to assayle theym ; 
but the Scottis were ever redy to beate with stones the 
assaylantis, if they passed the ryver. And whan the lordes 
of Inglande sawe the behavyng and the maner of the Scottis, 
they made all their people to alyght a foote, and to put of 
theyr spurris, and araynged iii. great batelles, as they hadde 
done before, and there were made many newe knyghtis. 
And whan theyr batelles were sette in good order, than 
some of the lordes of Inglande brought theyr yong kyng a 
horse backe, before all the battelles of the oste, to the entent 
to gyve therby the more courage to all his people; the 
whiche kyng in full goodly maner prayed and requyred 
them ryght graciously, that every man wolde payne theym 
to do theyr beste, to save his honour, and common weale of 
his realme. And it was commaunded upon peyne of deth, 
that none shulde go before the marshals baners, nor breke 
theyr array e, without they were commaunded. And than 
the kyng commaunded, that they shulde advaunce towarde 
their ennemyes, fayre and easely : and so they dyd, and 
every batell went forth in good array and order, a great 
space of grounde, to the discendyng of the mountaygne, 
where as the Scottis were. And this the Englisshe oste dyd 
H 67 


CAP. XVIII to thentent to se if their ennemies wolde breke their felde, 
Howe the or nat, and to se what they wolde do, but they could nat 
kyng of Ing- parcevye that they were about to remove in any wise ; they 
landemadehis ^gj. g^ j^^j.^ toguyther, that they myght knowe eche others 
affaynstthe ^rmes. Than the oste stode sty 11 to take other counsell. 
Scottis. And some of the oste mounted on good horses, and rode 

forth to skrymysshe with theym, and to beholde the passage 
of the ry ver, and to se the county naunce of they re ennemyes 
more nerer. And there were herauldis of armes sent to the 
Scottis, gyvyng them knowledge, if that they wolde come 
and passe the ryver to fight with them in the playn felde, 
they wolde drawe backe fro the ryver, and gyve theym suffi- 
cient place to araynge theyr batelles, eyther the same day 
or els the next, as they wold chose them selfe, or els to lette 
them do lyke wyse, and they wolde come over to them. 
And whan the Scottis harde this, they toke counsell among 
theymselfe : and anon they answerd the herauldis, how they 
wold do nother the one, nor the other, and sayd, Syrs, your 
kyng and his lordis se well how we be here in this realme, 
and have brent and wasted the countrey as we have passed 
through, and if they be displeased ther with, lette them 
amend it whan they wyll, for here we wyll abyde, as long as 
it shall please us. And as soone as the kyng of Ingland 
hard that answere, hit was incontynent cryed, that all the 
oste shuld lodge there that nyght without reculyng backe. 
And so the oste lodged there that nyght, with moche peyne, 
on the harde ground and stones, alwayes styll armed. They 
had no stakes nor roddis, to tye withall their horses, nor 
forage, nor busshe to make withall any fyre. And whan 
they were thus lodged, than the Scottis caused some of theyre 
people to kepe styll the felde, where as they had ordeyned 
their battelles, and the remnant went to their lodgyngs, and 
they made suche fyers that it was merveile to beholde. 
And bitwene the day and the nyght, they made a merveilus 
great brute, with blowyng of homes all at ones, that it 
seemed proprely that all the develles of hell had ben there. 
Thus these two ostis were lodged that nyght ; the whiche 
was saynte Peters nyght, in the begynnyng of Auguste, the 
yere of oure lorde M.CCC. xxvii. And the nexte mornynge, 
the lordes of Inglande harde masse, and raynged agayne 


theyre batelles, as they hadde done the daye before : and CAP. XVIII 
the Scottis in lyke wyse ordred theyr battelles. Thus both Howe the 
the ostis stoode styll in batell, tyll it was noone. The kyng of Ing- 
Scottis made never semblaunt to come to the Englysshe j?"^^"^^*^®^^^ 
oste, to fyght with theym, nor in lyke wyse the Englisshe agayS ttiT 
men to them : for they coulde nat aproche to gither withowte Scottis. 
great dammage. There were dyverse compaignyons a horse- 
back, that passed the ryver, and some a foote, to skrymisshe 
with the Scottis : and in like wyse some of the Scottis brake 
oute, and skrymysshed with them ; so that there were 
dyverse on bothe partyes slayne, wounded, and takyn 
prysoners. And after that noone was paste, the lordes of 
Inglande commaunded every man, to drawe to theyr lodgyng, 
for they sawe well the Scottis wolde nat fyght with theym : 
and in like maner thus they dyd iii. dayes togyther, and the 
Scottis in lyke case kepte styll theyr mountaygnes. Howe 
be it there was skrymysshynge on bothe partyes, and dyverse 
slayne, and prysoners takyn. And every nyght the Scottis 
made great fyres, and great brute with showttyng and 
blowyng of homes. The entencion of the Englysshe men 
was, to holde the Scottis there, in maner as beseged : (for 
they coulde nat fyghte with theym there as they were) 
thynkyng to have famysshed theym. And the Englisshemen 
knewe well by suche prysoners as they hadde takyn, that the 
Scottis hadde nother bredde, wyne, nor salte, nor other 
purvey aunce, save of beastis they had great plenty e, the 
whiche they hadde takyn in the countrey, and myght eate 
at their pleasure without bredde, whiche was an evyll dyette, 
for they lacked oten meale to make cakes withall, as is sayde 
before, the whyche dyet some of the Englisshe men used, 
whan they hadde nede, specially Borderers, whan they make 
rodes into Scotlande. And in the mornyng the iiii. day, 
the Englyssh men loked on the mountaigne wher as the 
Scottis were, and they coulde se no creature, for the Scottis 
were departed at mydn3'ght. Than was there sent men a 
horse backe, and a foote over the ryver, to knowe where 
they were become ; and about noone they founde theym 
lodged on another mountaigne, more stronger than the other 
was, by the same ryver syde, and where there was a great 
wodde on the one syde, to goo and come secretly, whan they 

59 ' 



CAP. XVIII lyst. Than incontynent the Englisshe oste dislodged, and 
Howe the drewe to that parte inbattelled in good order, and lodged 

first journey 
agaynst the 

1 James. 

kyng of Ing- theym on a nother hyll ageynst the Scottis, and raynged 
lande made his ^hgyj. battelles, and made semblant to have come to theym. 
Than the Scottis issued out of their lodges, and set theyr 
batels along the ryver syde ageynst them, but they wolde 
never come toward the Englisshe oste, and the Englisshmen 
could nat go to them, without they wold have ben slayn, or 
taken at avauntage. Thus they lodged eche ayenst other, 
the space of xviii. dales ; and often tymes the kyng of Ing- 
land sent to them his harauldis of armes, ofFeryng them, 
that yf they wolde come and fyght with hym, he wolde gyve 
them place sufficient on the playn ground e, to pytche theyr 
felde : or elles lette theym gyve hym rowme and place, and 
he assured theym, that he wolde come over the ryver and 
fyght with theym ; but the Scottis wolde never agree therto. 
Thus both the oostis suffered moche payne and travayle, the 
space that they laye so nere togyther ; and the fyrst nyght 
that the Englishe ost was thus lodged on the secund moun- 
taigne, the lorde William^ Duglas toke with hym aboute 
CC. men of armes, and past the ryver farre of fro the oste, 
so that he was nat parcey ved, and sodenly he brake into the 
Englysshe ooste, about mydnyght, criyng Duglas, Duglas, ye 
shall all dye, theves of Inglande : and he slewe, or he seassed 
CCC. men, some in their beddis, and some skant redy : and 
he strake his horse with the spurres, and came to the kyngis 
owne tent, alwayes criyng Duglas, and strake a sundre ii. or 
iii. cordis of the kyngis tent, and so departed, and in that 
retret he lost some of his men. Than he returned agayn to 
the Scottis, so that ther was no more done : but every nyght 
the Englisshe oste made good and sure watche, for they 
doubted makyng of skryes : and ever the most part of the 
oste laye in their hameys ; and every day ther were skry- 
mysshes made, and men slayne on both parties ; and in con- 
clusion, the last daye of xxiiii. ther was a Scottisshe knyght 
takyn, who ageynst his wyll shewed to the lordes of Ingland, 
what state and condition the Scottis were in : he was so sore 
examyned, that for feare of his lyfe, he shewed howe the 
lordes of Scotland were accorded among themselfe, that the 
same nyght every man shuld be redy armed, and to folowe 


the baners of the lords William ^ Duglas, and every man to CAP. XVIII 
kepe hym secrete ; but the knyght could nat shewe them Howe the 
what they entended to do. Than the lordis of Ingland kyng of Ing- 
drewe them to counsaile, and ther it was thought among J?'^^®™^^®^^^ 
them, that the Scottis myght in the nyght tyme, come and agaynst^hT 
assaile their oste on both sydes, to adventure themselfe other Scottis. 
to lyve or dye, for they coulde endure no longer the famyne 1 james. 
that was among theym. 

Than the Englysshe lordes ordeyned iii. great batels, and 
so stode in iii. parties without their lodgyngis, and made 
great fyres, therby to se the better ; and caused all their 
pages to kepe theyr lodgyngis and horses. Thus they stode 
styll all that nyght armed, every man under his owne standard 
and baner : and in the brekyng of the daye ii. trompettis of 
Scotland mette with the Englisshe scoutwatche, who toke the 
trompettis, and brought them before the kyng of Ingland 
and his counsaile, and than they said openly ; Sirs, what do 
ye watche here, ye lose but your tyme, for on the jeopardye 
of our heedis, the Scottis are gone and departed before 
mydnyght, and they are at the lest by this tyme iii. or iiii. 
myle on theyr way, and they left us ii. behynd to thentent 
that we shulde shewe this to you. Than the Englisshe lordes 
said, that it were but a foly to folowe the Scottis, for they 
sawe well they coulde nat overtake theym : yet for doubte 
of deceyvyng, they kept styll the two trompettis pryvely, 
and caused their batailes to stande styll araynged, tyll it 
was nere prime. And whan they sawe for trouth, that the 
Scottis were departed, than every man had leave to retraye 
to their lodgyng, and the lordes toke counsaile to determ3rn 
what shulde be best to do. And in the meane tyme dyverse 
of the Inglisshe oste mounted on their horses, and passed 
over the ryver, and came to the mountaigne, where as the 
Scottis had ben, and ther they founde mo than v. C. great 
bestis redy slayne, bicause the Scottis could nat dryve them 
before theyr ooste, and bicause that the Englisshe men 
shulde have but small profit of them ; also ther they founde 
CCC. caudrons made of beastis skynnes, with the heare styll 
on them, strayned on stakes over the fyre, full of water and 
full of flesshe, to be sodden, and more than a M. spyttis full 
of flesshe to be rosted ; and more than x. M. olde shoos 



CAP. XVIII made of rawe lether, with the heare styll on them, the 
Howe the whiche the Scottis had left behynd them ; also there they 
kyn^ of Ing- founde v. poore Englysshemen prisoners bounde faste to 
landemadehis certayne trees, and some of their legges broken : than they 
aeaynst the were losed and let go, and than they returned agayn, and 
Scottis. by that tyme al the oste was dislodged, and it was ordeyned 

by the kyng, and by the advyce of his counsaile, that the 
hole oste shulde folowe the marshals baners, and drawe 
homewarde in to Ingland : and so they dyd, and at the last 
came into a fayre medow, where as they founde forage suffi- 
cient for their horses and cariagis, wherof they had great 
nede, for they were nigh so feble that it shulde have ben 
great peyne for them to have goon any forther. The 
Englisshe Cronicle sayth, that the Scottis had ben fought 
with all, and syr Roger Mortymer, a lorde of Inglande, had 
nat betraied the kyng, for he toke mede and money of 
the Scottis, to thentent they myght departe pryvely by 
nyght, unfoughte withall, as hit maye be seen more playnely 
in the Englisshe Cronycle, and divers other maters, the 
whiche I passe over at this tyme, and folowe myn auctour. 
And so than the nexte day the oste dislodged agayn and 
went forth, and abowte noone they came to a great abbey, 
two myle fro the cite of Durham, and there the kyng lodged, 
and the oste there about in the feldis, where as they founde 
forage sufficient for theymselfe, and for theyr horses : and 
the nexte day the oste lay theyr styll, and the kyng went to 
the cite of Durham to se the churche, and there he offered : 
and in this cite every man founde their owne cariagis the 
whyche they hadde lefte xxxii. dayes before in a wodde, at 
mydnyght, whan they folowed the Scottis fyrst, as it hath 
ben shewed before, for the burgesses and people of Durham, 
had founde and broughte theym into theyr towne at theyre 
owne costis and chargis. And all these cariagis were sette 
in voyde granges and barnes, in savegarde, and on every 
mannes cariage his owne cognisaunce or armes, wherby every 
man myght knowe his owne. And the lordes and gentylmen 
were gladde, whan they hadde thus founde their cariages. 
Thus they aboode two dayes in the cite of Durham, and the 
oste rounde about, for they coulde nat all lodge within the 
cite, and there theyr horses were newe shoode. And than 



they toke theyr way to the cite of Yorke, and so within iii. CAP. XVIII 
dayes they came thither, and ther the kyng founde the quene Howe the 
his mother, who receyved hym with great joye, and so dyd kyng of Ing- 
all other ladyes, damozelles, burgesses, and commons of i*"'^®™*'^®*'^^ 
thecitie first journey 

L? ; 1 ^ n /. , agaynstthe 

The kyng gave lycence to all maner of people, every Scottis. 

man to drawe homewarde to theyr owne countreys. And 
the kyng thanked greatly the erles, barones, and knyghtis, 
of theyr good counsaile and ayde, that they had done to 
hym in hys journey; and he retayned styll with hym syr 
John of Heynaulte, and all his company, who were greatly 
feasted by the quene, and all other ladyes. Than the 
knyghtis and other straungers of hys company, made a byll 
of their horses, and suche other stuffe as they had lost in 
that journey, and delyvered it to the kyngis counsaile, every 
man by it selfe : and in truste of the kyngis promyse, syr 
John of Heynaulte lorde Beamont, bounde hymselfe to all 
his company, that they shulde be content for every thyng 
comprised in theyr owne bils, within a short space ; for the 
kyng nor his counsaile coulde nat so soone recover golde or 
sylver to content their desyres; but he delyvered them 
sufficient by reason, to pay all their small charges, and to 
bryng them home withal into theyr owne countreis; and 
anon after within the same yere, they were payd for every 
thyng they coulde desyre. Than they of Heynnaulte bought 
lytle nagges to ryde at theyr ease, theyr lackettis, and 
pagis, and all their barneys and baggages by water in ii. 
shippes, that was delivered to them, the whiche shyppes 
with theyr stuffe arryved at Sluce, in Flaundders ; and syr 
John of Heynnaulte, and his companye, toke theyr leve 
of the kyng, of the olde quene, of the erle of Kent, of 
the erle of Lancastre, and of all the other barones, who 
greatly dyd honour theym. And the kyng caused xii. 
knightis, and CC. men of armes to company them, for doubt 
of the archers of Ingland, of whome they were nat wel 
assured, for they must needis passe through the busshopryke 
of Lincoln, Thus departed sir John of Heynaulte, and his 
rowte, in the conduct of these knyghtis, and rode so long 
in theyr journey, that they came to Dover, and ther entred 
into the see in shippis and vessels, that they founde redy 




first journey 
agaynst the 

CAP. XVIII ther apparayled for them. Than the Englisshe knyghtis 
Howe the departed fro thens, and retourned to their owne houses, and 
kyng of Ing- the Henous^ arrived at Wysant, and ther they sojourned ii. 
landemadehis j^ygg^ j^ makyng redy theyr horses and harneys. And in 
the mean tyme syr John of Heynault, and some of his 
company rode a pylgrimage to our lady of Bollayn, and 
1 Hainaulters. after, they returned into Heynaulte, and departed eche fro 
other, to their owne howses, and countres : syr John of 
Heynaulte rode to therle his brother, who was at Valen- 
ciennes, who receyved hym joyously, for greatly he loved 
hym, to whom he recounted all his tydyngis that ye have 
hard here before. 


Howe kyng Edward was maryed to my lady 
Philyp of Heynaulte. 

HIT was nat long after, but that the kyng, and 
the quene his mother, therle of Kent, his uncle, 
therle of Lancastre, sir Roger Mortymer, and 
all the barones of Inglande, and by the advyce of the 
kyngis counsaile, they sent a busshop, and ii. knyghtis 
banerettis, with ii. notable clerkis, to syr John of Heynaulte, 
prayeng hym to be a mean, that theyr lorde, the yong 
kyng of Ingland, myght have in mariage one of the erles 
doughters of Heynaulte, his brother, named Phylyp ; for 
the kyng, and all the nobles of the realme, had rather 
have her than any other lady for the love of hym ; syr 
John of Heynault lord Beamont, feasted and honored 
greatly these ambassadours, and brought them to Valen- 
ciennes to therle his brother, who honorably receved 
them, and made them suche chere, that it were over 
long here to reherse; and whan they had shewed the 
content of theyr message, therle said. Sirs, I thanke 
greatly the kyng your prynce, and the quene his mother, 
and all other lordes of Ingland, syth they have sent suche 
sufficient personages as ye be, to do me suche honor as to 
treat for the mariage, to the whiche request, I am well 
agreed, if our holy father the pope wyll consent therto ; 
with the whiche answer these ambassadours were right well 


content. Than they sent ii, knyghtis, and ii. clerkis, incon- CAP. XIX 
tinent to the pope, to Avygnon, to purchase a dispensation Howe kyng 
for this mariage to be had, for without the popes licence Edward was 
they might nat marie, for the linage of France they were j^^ryed to my 
so nere of kyn, as at the iii, degree, for the ii. mothers were Hevnaulte 
cosyn jermayns issued of ii. brethern ; and whan these am- 
bassadours were come to the pope, and their requestis and 
considerations well hard, our holy father the pope, with all 
the hole colledge, consentyd to this mariage, and so feasted 
them. And than they departed and came agayne to Valen- 
ciennes with their buls. Than this mariage was concluded 
and affirmed on bothe parties. Than was there devysed and 
purveied for theyr apparaile, and for all thyngis honorable, 
that belonged to suche a lady, who shuld be queue of Ing- 
land : and there this princesse was maryed, by a sufficient 
procuration, brought fro the kyng of Inglande; and after 
al feastis and triumphes done, than thys yonge queue entred 
into the see at Wysant, and arryved with all her company 
at Dover. And syr John of Heynaulte lorde Beamont, her 
uncle, dyd conduct her to the cite of London, where there 
was made great feast, and many nobles of Ingland, and the 
quene was crowned. And there was also great justes, 
tourneys, daunsyng, carolyng, and great feastis every day ; 
the whiche endured the space of iii. weekis. The Englisshe 
Cronicle saith, this mariage, and coronation of the quene, 
was done at Yorke, with moche honour, the Sonday in the 
evyn of the conversion of saynt Paule, in the yere of our 
lorde M.CCC.xxvii. In the whiche Cronicle is shewyd many 
other thynges, of the rulynge of the realme, and of the deth 
of kyng Edwarde of Carnarvan, and dyverse other debates 
that were within the realme : as in the same Cronicle more 
playnly hit appereth, the whiche the auctor of this boke 
speketh no worde of, bicause peraventure he knewe it nat, 
for it was hard for a stranger to knowe all thyngis. But 
accordyng to his wrytyng, this yong quene Philyp aboode 
styll in Inglande, with a small company of any parsones of 
her owne country, savyng one who was named Wandelet ^ of ^ Watdet. 
Manny, who aboode styll with the quene, and was her karver, 
and after dyd so many great prowesses in dyverse places, that 
it were harde to make mencion of them all. 
I 65 



Howe kyng Robert of Scotland dyed. 

A ND whan that the Scottis were departed by nyght 
L\ from the mountaigne, where as the kyng of Ingland 
jL JIl. hadde beseged them, as ye have harde here before, 
they went xxii. myle throughe that savage countrey with- 
out restyng, and passed the river of Tyne, right nere to 
Carlyle; and the nexte day they went into theyr owne 
lande, and so departed every man to his owne mansion ; and 
within a space after there was a peace purchased bitwene 
the kyngis of Ingland and Scotland, and as the Englysshe 
Cronicle sayth, it was done by the speciall counsell of the 
olde quene, and syr Roger Mortymer; for by theyr meanes 
there was a parlyament holden at Northhampton, at the 
whiche the kyng being within age, graunted to the Scottis 
to release all the feaulties, and homages that they ought 
to have done to the Crowne of Inglande, by his Charter 
ensealed ; and also there was delyvered to the Scottis an 
endenture, the whiche was called the Ragmon, wherin was 
conteyned all the homages and feaulties that the kyng of 
Scottis, and all the prelatis, erles, and barones of Scotlande, 
ought to have done to the crowne of Inglande, sealed with 
all their sealis, with all other rightis, that sondry barones 
and knyghtis ought to have hadde in the realme of Scot- 
land. And also they delyvered to them agayn the blacke 
crosse of Scotland, the whiche the good kyng Edwarde con- 
quered, and brought it out of the abbey of Scone, the whiche 
was a precious relique : and all rightis and enteresses that 
every baron had in Scotlande, was than clene forgyven. 
And many other thyngis were done at that parlyament, to 
the great hurt and prejudice of the realme of Ingland, and 
in maner ageynst the wyls of all the nobles of the realme, 
save onely of Isabell the olde quene, and the busshop of Ely, 
and the lorde Mortymer; they ruled the realme in suche 
wyse, that every man was myscontent. So the erle Henry 
of Lancastre, and syr Thomas Brotherton erle marshall, and 
syr Edmund of Wodstocke, the kyngis uncles, and dyverse 



other lopdes and commons, were agreed together to amende CAP. XX 
these faultes, if they myght. And in that meane tyme, the Howe kyng 
quene Isabell, and syr Roger Mortymer, caused another Robert of 
parliament to be holden at Salysbury, at the whiche parlia- ^''oy^^^d 
ment, syr Roger Mortymer was made erle of Marche, age3niist 
all the barons wyls of Ingland, in prejudice of the kyng and 
his realme : and sir John of Eltham, the kyngis brother, was 
made erle of Cornewal ; to the whiche parliament therle 
Henry of Lancastre wold nat come, wherfore the kynge was 
broughte in beleve, that he wold have distroyed his parson, 
for the whiche they assembled a great hoste, and went to 
warde Bedforde, where as the Erie Henry was with his 
companye. Than the Erie Marshall, and therle of Kent, 
the kyngis brother, made a peace bitwene the kyng and 
the erle of Lancastre, on whose part was syr Henry lorde 
Beamont, syr Fowke Fitzwaryn, syr Thomas Rocellin, syr 
William Trussell, syr Thomas Wyther, and abowte a C, 
knyghtis, who were all expelled out of Inglande, by the 
counsaile of quene Isabell, and the Erie Mortymer : for he 
was so covetous that he thought to have the most part of 
all their landis into his owne handis, as it is more playnly 
shewed in the Inglisshe Cronicle, the whiche I passe over 
and folowe myn auctour. The forsaid peace whiche was 
purchased bitwene Ingland and Scotland, was to endure iii. 
yere ; and in the meane tyme it fortuned that kyng Robert 
of Scotland was right sore aged, and feble; for he was 
greatly charged with the great sickenes, so that ther was 
no way with hym but deth ; and whan he felte that his 
ende drew nere, he sent for suche barones and lordis of his 
realme as he trusted best, and shewed them, how there was 
no remedy with hym, but he must nedis leve this transetory 
lyfe : commaund)mg them on the faith and trouth that they 
owed hym, truly to kepe the realme, and ayde the yong 
prince David his sonne, and that whan he wer of age, they 
shulde obey hym, and crowne hym kyng, and to mary hym 
in suche a place, as was convenient for his astate. Than y^ 

he called to hym the gentle knyght sir William ^ Duglas, ' Jwmet. 
and sayde before all the lordes, Syr William, my dere frend, 
ye knowe well that I have had moche ado in my dayes, to 
uphold and susteyn the ryght of this realme, and whan I 




Howe kyng 
Robert of 


had most ado, I made a solemne vow, the whiche as yet I 
have nat accomplysshed, wherof I am right sory : the whiche 
was, if I myght acheve and make an ende of al my warres, 
so that I myght ones have brought this realme in rest and 
peace, than I promysed in my mynd to have gone and 
warred on Christis ennemies, adversaries to our holy christen 
faith. To this purpose myn hart hath ever entended, but 
our Lorde wolde nat consent therto ; for I have had so 
moche a do in my dayes, and nowe in my last entreprise, I 
have takyn suche a malady, that I can nat escape. And 
syth it is so that my body can nat go, nor acheve that my 
hart desireth, I wyll sende the hart in stede of the body, to 
accomplysshe myn avowe, and bycause I knowe nat in all 
my realme, no knyght more valyaunt than ye be, nor of body 
so well furnysshed to accomplysshe myn avowe in stede of 
my selfe, therfore I require you, myn owne dere aspeciall 
frende, that ye wyll take on you this voiage, for the love of 
me, and to acquite my soule agaynst my Lorde God ; for I 
trust so moche in your noblenes and trouth, that and ye wyll 
take on you, I doubte nat, but that ye shall achyve it, and 
than shall I dye in more ease and quiete, so that it be 
done in suche maner as I shall declare unto you. I woll, 
that as soone as I am trepassed out of this worlde, that ye 
take my harte owte of my body, and enbawme it, and take 
of my treasoure, as ye shall thynke sufficient for that entre- 
prise, both for yourselfe, and suche company as ye wyll 
take with you, and present my hart to the holy Sepulchre, 
where as our Lorde laye, seyng, my body can nat come there ; 
and take with you suche company and purveyaunce, as shal 
be aparteynyng to your astate. And where so ever ye come, 
let it be knowen, howe ye cary with you the harte of kyng 
Robert of Scotland, at his instaunce and desire, to be pre- 
sented to the holy Sepulchre. Than all the lordes that 
harde these wordes, wept for pitie. And whan this knyght, 
syr William Duglas, myght speke for wepyng, he sayd, 
A gentle and noble kyng, a C. tymes I thanke your grace 
of the great honour that ye do to me, sith of so noble and 
great treasure ye gy\e me in charge : and syr, I shall do 
with a glad harte, all that ye have commaunded me, to the 
best of my true power; howe be it, I am nat worthy nor 


sufficient to achyve suche a noble entreprise. Than the CAP. XX 
kyng sayd, A gentle knyght, I thanke you, so that ye wyl Howe kyng 
promyse to do it. Syr, sayd the knyght, I shall do it un- Robert of 
doubtedly, by the faythe that I owe to God, and to the^*'^*^*"^ 
ordre of knyghthodde. Than I thanke you, sayd the kyng, 
for nowe shall I dye in more ease of my mynde, sith that I 
know that the most worthy and sufficient knyght of my 
realme shall achyve for me, the whiche I could never atteyne 
unto. And thus soone after thys, noble Robert de Bruse, 
kyng of Scotland, trepassed out of this uncertayne worlde, 
and hys hart taken out of his body, and enbaumed, and 
honorably he was entred in the abbey of Donfremlyn, in 
the yere of our Lord God, M.CCC.xxvii. the vii. day of the 
moneth of Novembre. 

And whan the spryngyng tyme began, than syr William 
Duglas purveied hym of that whiche aparteyned for his 
entreprise, and toke his ship, at the port of Morals,^ in 1 Montrose. 
Scotlande, and sailed into Flanders, to Sluce, to here 
tydyngis, and to knowe, if there were any noble man in 
that countrey, that wolde go to Jerusalem, to thentent to 
have more company. And he lay styll at Sluce, the space 
of xii. dales, or he departed, but he wold never come a 
lande, but kept styll his shypp, and kept alwaies his port 
and behavour with great tryumphe, with trumpettis, and 
clarions, as though he had ben kyng of Scottis hymselfe. 
And in his companye, there was a knyght baneret, and vii. 
other knyghtis, of the realme of Scotland, and xxvi. yong 
squiers, and gentylmen to serve hym ; and all his vessel! was 
of golde and silver, pottis, basons, ewers, dysshes, flagons, 
barels, cuppes, and all other thyngis : and all suche as wolde 
come and se hym, they were well served, with two maner of 
wynes, and dyverse maner of spices, all maner of people, 
accordyng to their degres. And whan he had thus taryed 
there the space of xii. dayes, he hard reported, that Alphons, 
kyng of Spaigne, made warre ageynst a Sarazyn kyng, of 
Granade ; than he thought to draw to that partie, thynkyng 
suerely he could nat bestowe his tyme more nobly, than to 
warre ayeynst Goddis ennemies ; and that entreprise done, 
than he thought to go forth to Jerusalem, and to acheve 
that he was charged with. And so he departed, and toke 



CAP. XX the se toward Spaigne, and arryved at the port of Valence, 
Howe kyng the great ; than he went streight to the kyng of Spaigne, 
Robert of who helde his host ageynst the kyng of Granade Sarazyn, 
dved ^^^ ^^^y ^^^^ ^^^^ together, on the fronters of his lande; 

and within a while after that, this knyght syr William 
Duglas was come to the kyng of Spaigne, on a day, the kyng 
issued out into the felde, to aproche nere to his ennemies. 
And the kyng of Granade issued out in like wyse on his 
parte, so that eche kyng myght se other with al their baners 
displayed. Than they arenged their batels eche ageynst 
other. Than syr William Duglas drewe out on the one 
syde, with all his company, to the entent to shewe his 
prowes the better. And whan he saw these batels thus 
ranged on both parties, and sawe that the bataile of the 
kyng of Spaigne, began somewhat to advaunce towarde their 
ennemies, he thought than verelye that they shulde soone 
assemble to gether to fyght at hande strokes ; and than he 
thought rather to be with the formest than with the hynde- 
moost, and strake his horse with the spurres, and al his 
company also, and dashte into the batelle of the kyng of 
Granade, criynge 'Duglas, Duglas': wenyng to hym, the 
kyng of Spaigne and his host had folowed, but they dyd 
nat ; wherfore he was disceyved, for the Spaignysshe host 
stode styll. And so this gentle knyght was enclosed, and all 
his company with the Sarazyns, where as he dyd mervelles in 
armes, but fynally he coulde nat endure, so that he and all 
his company were slayne. The whiche was great dammage, 
that the Spaynyardis woulde nat rescue them. 

Also in this season there were certayn lordes that treated 
for peace bitwene Ingland and Scotlande. So that at the 
last there was a mariage made, and solempnised, bitwene 
the yong kyng of Scotland and dame Johan of the Towre, 
suster to kyng Edward of Ingland, at Berwyke, as the 
Inglisshe Cronicle saith, on Mary Maudlyn day, the yere 
of our Lord, M.iii.C.xxviii. agaynst the assente of many of 
the nobles of the realme. But queue Isabell, the kyngis 
mother, and the erle Mortymer made that mariage, at the 
which (as myn auctor saith) there was great feast made on 
bothe parties. 




Howe Phylypp of Valoys was crowned kyng 
of Fraunce. 

KYNG CHARLES of Fraunce, sonne to the fayre 
kyng Phylyp, was three tymes maried, and yet dyed 
without issue male. The first of his wyves, was 
one of the most fayrest ladyes in all the world, and she 
was doughter to the erle of Artoys. Howe be it she kept 
but evyll the sacrament of matrimony, but brake her wed- 
loke ; wherfore she was kept a long space in pryson, in the 
castell Gaylarde, before that her husband was made kyng. 
And whan the realme of France was fallen to him, he was 
crowned by the assent of the twelve dowsepiers of Fraunce ; 
and than, bicause they wold nat that the realme of France 
shulde be long without an heyre male, they advysed by their 
counsell, that the kyng shulde be remaryed agayne, and so he 
was to the doughter of the Emperour Henry of Lucenbourg, 
suster to the gentle kyng of Bayhaigne, wherby the first 
mariage of the kyng was fordoone bytwene hym and his 
wyfe that was in prison, by the licence and declaracyon of 
the pope that was than ; and by his second wyfe, who was 
ryght humble, and a noble wyse lady, the kyng had a sonne, 
who dyed in his yong age, and the queue also, at Issodun 
in Berrey. And they both dyed suspeciously ; wherfore 
dyvers parsones were put to blame after, prively. And 
after this the same kyng Charles was maried agayn the 
third tyme, to the doughter of his uncle, the lorde Loyes 
erle of Dewreux,^ and she was suster to the kyng of Naverre, i Evreux. 
and was named queue Johan, And so in tyme and space 
this lady was with child e, and in the meane tyme the kyng 
Charles her husband fell sycke, and lay downe on his dethe 
bedde. And whan he sawe there was no waye with hym 
but deth, he devised, that if it fortuned the queue to be 
delyvered of a sonne, than he wolde, that the lorde Phylyp 
of Valoys shulde be his governour, and regent of all hys 
realme, tyll his sonne come to suche age as he myght be 
crowned kyng; and if it fortune the quene to have a 



CAP. XXI doughter, than he wold, that all the twelve piers of Fraunce 
Howe shulde take advyse and counsell, for the forther ordering of 

Phylypp of the realme, and that they shulde gyve the realme and regally, 
Valoyswas to hym that had moost ryght therto. And so within a why le 
of Fraunce *fter, the kynge Charles dyed, about Ester, in the yere of our 
Lorde M.CCC.xxviii. and within a short space after the queue 
was delyverd of a doughter. Than all the peres of Fraunce 
assembled a counsell togyder at Parys, as shortly as they might 
conveniently, and there they gave the realme by commen 
acorde to sir Phylippe of Valoys, and put clene out the 
queue Isabell of Englande, and kynge Edwarde her sonne, 
for she was suster germayne to king Charles last deed ; but 
the opynion of the nobles of Fraunce was, and sayed and 
maynteyned, that the realme of Fraunce was of so great 
nobles, that it ought nat by successyon to fall into a womans 
hande. And so thus they crowned kyng of Fraunce Philypp 
1 Rheims. Valoys at Raygnes,^ on Trinyte Sonday next after. And 

anone after he somoned all his barownes and men of warr, 
and went with all his power to the towne of Cassell, and 
layd sieg therto, in makyng warr agaynst the Flemmynges, 
who rebelledde agaynst their owne lorde, and namely : they 
of Bruges, of Ippre, and of Franke, for they wolde nat obey 
therle of Flaunders, but they had chased hym out of his 
owne countrey, so that he might nat abyde in no partie 
therof, but onely in Gaunt, and scantly ther. These Flem- 
mynges were a sixteen thousande, and had a capytayne 
called Colen Dannequyn, a hardy man and a couragious. 
And they had made their garyson at Cassell, at the wages 
of dyverse townes in Flaunders, to thentent to kepe the 
fronters there about; but ye shall here howe the Flem- 
mynges were dysconfeted, and all by their owne outrage. 


Of the batell of Cassell in Flaunders. 

A ND on a day they of the garyson of Cassell departed 

AA out, to thentent to have dysconfyted the kyng 

A. JL. and all his boost. And they came prively without 

any noyse in thre batels well ordred ; wherof the first 



batayle toke the way to the kynges tentes, and it was a CAP. XXII 

fayre grace that the kynge had nat ben taken, for he was at Of the batell 

souper, and all his company, and thought nothyng of them, of Cassell in 

And the other batayle toke the streyght way to the tentes Flaunders. 

of the kynge of Behaygne, and in maner they founde hym 

in lyke case. And the thirde batayle went to the tentes of 

therle of Heynault, and in likewyse had nere take hym. 

These hoostes came so peasably to the tentes, that with 

moch payne they of thoost coude arme them, wherby all the 

lordes and their people had been slayne, and the more grace 

of God had nat ben ; but in maner by myracle of God, these 

lordes dysconfyted all thre batayls, eche batayle by it selfe, 

all in one hour. In such wyse, that of xvi. thousande Flem- 

mynges, ther ascaped never a person, captayns and all were 

slayne. And the kyng and lordes of France knewe nat 

one of an other, nor what they hadde done, tyll all was fin- 

ysshedde and atchyved ; for they lay in thre sondrie parties 

one fro an other ; but as for the Flemmynges, there was nat 

one left a lyve, but all lay deed on hepes, one upon an 

other, in the sayed thre sondrie places. And this was 

done on saynt Bartylmewes day, the yere of our Lorde 

M.CCC.xxviii. Than the Frenchmen entred into the towne 

of Cassell, and set up the baners of Fraunce : and the towne 

yelded then to the kyng, and also the towne Pyepingne,^ ^ Poperinghe. 

and of Ipre, and all they of the Castlayne of Bergues ; and 

than they receyved therle Loys their lorde, and sware to 

hym faythe and loyaltie for ever. Than after the kynge 

and his people departed, and went to Parys, and he was 

moche honoured and praysed for this enterprise and ayd, 

that he had done to his cosyn Lois erle of Flaunders. And 

thus the kyng was in great prosperite and every day en- 

cresed his ryall estat ; for as it was sayd, ther was never 

kyng in Fraunce that helde like estat, as dyd this kyng 

Philyp of Valoys. 




Howe the erle of Kent and the erle Mortymer in 
Englande were put to deth. 

THIS yong kyng Edwarde of Englande was governed 
a great space, as ye have harde before, by the 
counsell of the quene his mother, and of Edmonde 
of Wodstoke, erle of Kent, his uncle, and by sir Roger 
Mortymer, erle of March. And at the last, envy began 
to growe bytwene therle of Kent and therle Mortymer ; 
in so moch that this erle Mortimer enformed so the yong 
kyng, by the consentyng of tholde quene Isabell his mother, 
beryng the kyng in hande, that therle of Kent wolde have 
enpoysoned hym, to thentent to be kynge hymselfe, as he 
that was nexte heyre apparaunt to the crowne : for the 
kynges yonger brother, who was called John a Gaunt, was 
newly deed. And than the kyng, who gave lyght credence 
to theym, causedde his uncle, the erle of Kent, to be taken, 
and openly to be beheeded, without any maner of excuse to 
be harde ; wherwith many of the nobles of the realme wer 
sore troubled, and bare a gruge in their hertes towarde the 
erle Mortymer : and, accordyng to thenglysshe cronycle, 
therle sufFred dethe atte Wynchester, the tenth day of 
Octobre, the thirde yere of the kynges raygne, and lyeth 
buryed at the friers in Winchestre. But as myne auctour 
sayeth, within a whyle after, as it was reported, quene 
Isabell, the kynges mother, was with chylde, and that, by 
therle Mortymer ; wherof the kyng was enfourmed, and how 
the sayd Mortymer had caused him to put to deth therle of 
Kent his uncle, without good reason or cause, for all the 
realme reputed hym for a noble man. Thanne by the 
kynges commaundement, this erle Mortymer was takenne, 
and brought to London ; and there, byfore the great lordes 
and nobles of the realme, was recyted by open declaratyon, 
all the dedes of the sayd Mortymer. Than the kynge 
demaunded of his counsell, what shuld be done with hym ; 
and all the lordes by commen assent gave judgement, and 
sayed, Syr, he hath deserved to dye the same dethe that sir 



Hewe Spenser dyed. And after this judgement there was CAP. XXIII 

no delacyon of sufferaunce nor mercy, but incontynent he Howe the 

was drawen throughout London, and then set on a scaffolde, erle of Kent 

and his membres cut from hym, and cast into a fyre, and his ^*^J^^® ^^^^ 

hert also, bycause he had ymagined treason, and thanne were tmt to 

quartered, and his quarters sent to foure of the best cyties deth. 

of the realme, and his heed remayned styll in London. 

And within a lytle space after, the kyng commaunded, by 

thadvyce of his counseil, that the quene his mother shulde 

be kept close in a castell ; and so it was done ; and she had 

with her ladyes and damosels, knyghtes and squiers, to serve 

her acordyng to her estat ; and certayne landes assigned to 

her, to mentayne therwith her noble estat all dayes of her 

lyfe ; but in no wyse, she shulde nat depart out of the 

castell, without it were to se suche sportes as was somtyme 

shewed before the castell gate, for her recreatyon. Thus 

this lady ledde forth her lyfe ther mekely; and ones or 

twyse a yere, the kyng her son woulde come and se her. 

Thenglysshe cronycle sheweth dyverse other consyderations 

why therle Mortymer suffred deth, the which was on saynt 

Andrewes evyn, in the yere of our Lorde, a thousande thre 

hundred xxix. : the whiche I passe over and folowe myne 



Of thomage that kyng Edwarde of Englande, 

dydde to the kynge of Fraunce, for the duchye 

of Guyen. 

A ND after that the king had done these two execucyons, 
/■\ he toke newe counselours of the moost noblest 
X jL. and sagest persons of his realme. And so it 
was about a yere after that Phylip of Valoys was crowned 
kyng of France, and that all the barones and nobles of the 
realme had made their homage and fealty to him, except 
the yong king of England, who had nat done his homage 
for the duchy of Guyen, nor also he was nat somoned thereto. 
Than the king of France, by thadvise of all his counseil. 
sent over into Englande the lorde Ancenis, the lorde 
Beausalt, and two notable clerkes, maisters of the parlya- 




Of thomage 
that kyng 
Edwarde of 
dydde to the 
kynge of 

CAP. XXIV ment of Parys, named maister Peter of Orlyaunce, and 
maister Peter of Masieres. These iiii, departed fro Paris, 
and dyd so moch by their journeis that they came to 
Wysant, and ther they toke see and aryved at Dover, and 
ther taryed a day to abyde the unshypping of their horses 
and bagages : and than they rode forth so long that they 
came to Wynsore, where as the kyng and the yong quene of 
England lay ; and than these foure caused to be knowen to 
the kynge the occasyon of their commyng. The kyng of 
Englande, for the honoure of the French kyng his cosyn, 
caused them to come to his presence, and receyved them 
honourably : and than they publysshed their message. And 
the kyng answered them, how that the nobles of his realme, 
nor his counsell was nat as than about hym, but desyred 
them to drawe to London, and ther they shulde be answered 
in such wyse, that of reason they shulde be content. And 
so they dyned in the kynges chambre, and after departed, 
and lay the same nyght at Colbroke, and the next day at 
London. It was nat long after but that the kynge came to his 
palace of Westmynster, and all his counsell was commaunded 
to be ther at a certayne day lymited ; and whan they were 
all assembled, than the Frenche embassadours were sent for, 
and there they declared thoccasyon of their commynge, and 
delyvered letters fro their maister. Thanne the kynge went 
a parte with his counsell, to take advyse what was best for 
hym to do. Thanne was it advysed by his counsell, that 
they shulde be answered by thordynaunce and style of his 
predecessours, by the bysshoppe of London. And so the 
Frenchmen wer called into the counsell chambre : than the 
bysshop of London sayd, Lordes, that be here assembled for 
the kyng of Fraunce, the kyngis grace my soveraygne lorde 
hath harde your wordes, and redde the tenour of your letters ; 
Syrs we say unto you, that we woll counsell the kyng our 
soveraygne lorde here present, that he go into Fraunce, to 
se the kynge your maister, his dere cosyn, who ryght 
amyably hath sent for hym : and as touchyng his faith and 
homage, he shall do his devour in every thynge that he 
ought to do of right ; and syrs, ye may shewe the kyng your 
maister, that within short space, the kyng of Englande our 
maister shall arryve in Fraunce, and do all that reason shall 



requyre. Than these messangers were feasted, and the CAP. XXIV 
kynge rewarded them with many great gyftes and juelles, Of thomage 
and they toke their leave and dyd somoche, that at last that kyng 
they came to Parys, wher they found kyng Phylippe, to ^dwarde of 
whome they recounted all their newes ; wherof the king was dyJde^to^the 
right joyouse, and specially to se the kyng of Englande his kynge of 
cosyn, for he hadde never sene hym before. And whan these Fraunce. 
tidynges were spredde abrode in the realm of Fraunce, 
than dukes, erles, and other lordes aparelled them in their 
best maner; and the kyng of Fraunce wrot his letters to 
kyng Charles of Behaygne his cosyn, and to the kynge of 
Navarre, certifyeng theym the day and tyme whan the kyng 
of England shuld be with hym, desyringe them to be with 
hym at the same day ; and so they came thyder with gret 
array. Than was it counselled the kynge of Fraunce, that 
he shulde receyve the kyng of Englande at the cyte of 
Amyas,^ and there to make provysion for his commyng. ^ Amiens. 
There was chambers, halles, hosteries, and lodgynges made 
redy, and apparelled, to receyve them all, and their com- 
pany ; and also for the duke of Burgoyne, the duke of 
Burbon, the duke of Lurren, and syr John of Artoyes. 
There was purveyaunce for a thousande horse, and for sixe 
hundred horse that shulde come with the kyng of Englande. 
The yonge kyng of Englande forgate nat the voyage-that he 
had to do into Fraunce ; and so he aparelled for hym and 
his company, well and sufficiently ; and there departed out 
of Englande in his company, two bysshoppes, besyde the 
bysshoppe of London, and foure erles, the lorde Henry erle 
of Derby, his cosyn germayne, sonne to sir Thomas erle of 
Lancastre, with the wrie necke, the erle of Salisbury, therle 
of Warwyke, and the erle of Hereforde, and vi. barownes, 
the lorde Raynolde Cobham, the lorde Thomas Wage ^ 2 Wake. 
marshall of Englande, the lorde Persy, the lorde Manny, and 
the lorde Mowbray, and mo than xl. other knyghtes ; so 
that the kyng and his company were about a thousand 
horse ; and the kyng was two dayes in passing bytwene 
Dover and Wysant. Than the kyng and his company rod 
to Bullayne, and there taryed one day. This was about the 
myddes of August, the yere of our Lorde God a thousande 
thre hundred xxix. And anone the tidynges came to kyng 




Of thomage 
that kyng 
Edwarde of 
dydde to the 
kynge of 

1 MontreuHJ 
sv/r mer. 

2 Majorca. 



Phylip of Fraunce, howe the kynge of Englande was at 
Bullayne. Than the kynge of Fraunce sent his constable 
with great plentie of knyghtes to the kynge of Englande, 
who as thanne was at Monsternell by the see syde,^ and 
ther was gret tokens of love and good chere, made on bothe 
parties. Thanne the kynge of Englande rodde forth withall 
his rowt, and in his company the constable of Fraunce ; and 
he rodde so long that they came to the cytie of Amyas, 
wher as kyng Phylippe, and the kynge of Behaygne, the 
kynge of Mayllorgues,^ and the kynge of Navarre were 
redy aparelled to receyve the kynge of Englande, with many 
other dukes, erles, and great barownes : for there was all the 
xii. peres of Fraunce, redy to feast and make chere to the 
kynge of Englande, and to be there peasably, to here wyt- 
nesse of the kynge of Englandes homage. Ther was the 
kyng of Englande nobly receyved ; and thus these kynges 
and other princes taryed at Amyas the space of fifteen 
dayes, and in the meane tyme there were many wordes and 
ordynaunces devysed ; but as farr as I coude knowe, kyng 
Edwarde of England made his homage to the kynge of 
Fraunce, all onely by worde, and nat puttyng his handes 
bytwene the kynge of Fraunce handes, nor none other prince 
nor prelate lymitted for hym ; nor the kynge of Englande 
wolde nat procede any farther in doyng any more concernyng 
his homage, but rather he was determyned to returne agayne 
into Englande ; and there was redde openly, the privyleges of 
auncyent tyme graunted, [in] the which was declared in what 
maner the kynge shulde do his homage, and howe, and in 
what wyse he shidde do servyce to the kynge of Fraunce. 
Than the kynge of Fraunce sayd, Cosyn, we woU nat dis- 
ceyve you : this that ye have done pleaseth us rightwell, as 
for this present tyme, tyll such tyme as ye be returned 
agayne into your realme, and that ye have sene under the 
scales of your predecessoures, howe, and in what wyse ye 
shulde do. And so thus the kynge of Englande tooke his 
leave, and departed fro the kynge of Fraunce ryght amy- 
ably, and of all other princes that was there, and retourned 
agayne into Englande, and laboured so longe that he came 
to Wyndesor, where his quene receyvedde hym right joy- 
ously, and demaunded tidynges of kynge Phylippe her 


uncle, and of her linage of Fraunce. The kyng shewed her CAP. XXIV 

all that he knewe, and of the gret chere and honour that he Of thomage 

had there, and sayd, in his mynde, there was no realme that kyng 

coude be compared to the realme of Fraunce. And than ^dwarde of 

within a space after the kyng of Fraunce sent into Englande dydde^to^the 

of his specyall counsell, the byshoppe of Chartres, and the kynge of 

byshoppe of Beauvays, the lorde Loys of Cleremont, the Fraunce. 

duke of Burbon, therle of Harcourt, and therle of Tanker- 

vylle, with dyvers other knyghtes and clerkes, to the 

counsell of Englande, the which was than holden at London, 

for the parfourmaunce of the kyng of Englandes homage, 

as ye have harde before. And also the kyng of England 

and his counsell, had well oversene the maner and fourme, 

how his auncyent predecessours had done their homage for 

the duchy of Acquitayne. There were many as than in 

Englande that murmured and sayd, how the kyng their 

lorde was nerer by true succession of herytage to the crown e 

of Fraunce than Phylippe of Valoys, who was as than kyng 

of Fraunce. Howbeit the kyng and his counsell wolde 

nat knowe it, nor speke therof, as at that time. Thus 

was ther great assemble, and moch ado how this homage 

shulde be parfourmed. These embassadours taryed styll 

in Englande all that wynter, tyll it was the moneth of 

May folowyng, or they had aunswere dyffinatyve : howbeit 

finally, the kynge of Englande, by the advyce of his 

counsell, and on the syght of his privyleges, where unto 

they gave great fayth, was determyned to write letters in 

the maner of patentes, sealed with his great scale, know- 

legyng therin the homage that he ought to do to the kyng 

of Fraunce ; the tenour and report of the which letters 

patentes foloweth : 

Edward by the grace of God, kyng of England, lorde 
of Ireland, and duke of Acquitayne, to them that these 
present letters shall se or here, send gretyng ; we wold it be 
knowen, that as we made homage at Amyas to the right 
excellent prince our right dere cosyn, Phylyppe kyng of 
Fraunce ; and there it was requyred by hym, that we shuld 
knowledge the sayd homage, and to make it to hym expresly, 
promy singe to here hym fayth and trouth, the which we 
did nat as than, bycause we were nat enfourmed of the 




Of thomage 
that kyng 
Edwarde of 
dydde to the 
kynge of 

1 Ponthieu. 

2 Montreuil. 


trouth ; we made hym homage by generall wordes, in sayeng 
how we entred into his homage in lyke maner as our pre- 
decessours, Dukes of Guyen, in tymes past, had entred into 
thomage of the kyng of Fraunce for that tyme beyng : and 
syth that tyme we have ben well enfourmed of the trouth ; 
therfore we knowlege by these presentes, that such homage 
as we have made in the cyte of Amy as to the kyng of Fraunce 
in general wordes, was, and ought to be understande this 
worde, lyege man ; and that to hym we owe, to here faith 
and trouth, as duke of Acquitayne and pere of Fraunce, 
erle of Poyters ^ and of Mutterell ; ^ and to thentent in tyme 
commynge that there shulde never be dyscorde. For this 
cause, we promyse for us and our successours, dukes of 
Acquitayne, that this homage be made in this maner 
folowyng; The kyng of Englande, duke of Acquitayne, 
holdeth his handes bytwene the handes of the kyng of 
Fraunce; and he that shall addresse these wordes to the 
kynge of Englande, duke of Acquitayne, shall speke for the 
kyng of Fraunce in this maner : Ye shall become lyege man 
to the kynge my lorde here present, as duke of Guyen, and 
pere of Fraunce ; and to hym promyse to here faythe and 
trouthe, say, ye : and the kyng of Englande, duke of Guyen, 
and his successours, sayth, ye. And than the kyng of Fraunce 
receyveth the kyng of Englande, duke of Guyen, to this 
sayd homage, as lyege man, with faythe and trouth spoken 
by mouth, savyng his ryght and all other. And further- 
more, whan the sayd kyng entreth in homage to the kyng 
of Fraunce, for therldome of Poyters, and of Muttrell,^ he 
shall putte his handes bytwene the handes of the kyng of 
Fraunce, for the sayd erledome. And he that shall speke 
for the kynge of Fraunce, shall addresse his wordes to the 
kynge and erle, and say thus ; Ye shall become liege man to 
the kyng of Fraunce, my lorde here present, as erle of 
Poyters, and Muttrell ;^ and to hym promyse to here fayth 
and trouth, say, ye, and the kyng, erle of Poyters, sayth, ye. 
Than the kyng of Fraunce receyveth the kyng and erle to 
this sayd homage by his fayth, and by his mouth, savyng 
his ryght and all other. And after this maner it shal be 
done, and renewed as often as homage shulde be done. And 
of that we shall deljrver, and our succesours, dukes of 


Guyen, after these sayd homages, made letters patentes, CAP. XXIV 
sealed with our great scale, if the kynge of Fraunce requyre Of thomage 
it ; and beside that, we promyse in good faythe to holde, that kyng 
and to kepe efFectuously the peace, and Concorde, made ^^^^^df of 
bjrtwene the kynges of Fraunce, and the kynges of Englande, dydde'to^the 
dukes of Guyen, &c. kynge of 

These letters the lordes of Fraunce brought to the kyng Fraunce. 
their lorde, and the kyng caused them to be kept in his 



Howe the lorde syr Robert of Artoyse was chased 
out of the realme of Fraunce. 

THE man in the world that most ayded kyng Philyppe, 
to attayne to the Crowne of Fraunce, was syr Robert, 
erle of Artoyse, who was oone of the most sagest, 
and greatteste lordes in Fraunce, and of hygh lynage ex- 
traughte, fro the blodde royall, and hadde to his wyfe 
suster jermayn to the sayd kyng Fhylyp, and allwayes was 
his chiefe and speciall compaignyon, and lover in all hys 
astatis. And the space of iii. yere, all that was done in the 
realme of Fraunce was done by his advyce, and withoute 
hym nothyng was done. And after it fortuned, that this 
kyng Philyppe tooke a mervailouse great displeasure and 
hatred ageynst this noble man, syr Robert of Artoyse, for a 
plee that was moved before hym, wherofe the Erie of 
Artoyse was cause : for he wolde have wonne his entent, by 
the vertue of a letter that he layd forth, the whiche was nat 
true, as it was sayde ; wherfore the kyng was in suche dis- 
pleasure, that yf he hadde takyn hym in his ire, surely it 
hadde coste hym his lyfe, without remedy. So this syr 
Robert was fayne to voyde the realme of Fraunce, and went 
to Namure, to the Erie John his Nephewe : than the kyng 
toke the Erles wyfe, and her two sonnes, who were his owne 
nephewes, John, and Charles, and dyd put them in prison, 
and were kept straytly, and the kyng sware that they shulde 
never come out of prison, as long as they ly ved ; the kyngis 
mynde wolde nat be turned by no maner of meanes. Than 
L 81 


CAP. XXV the kyng in his furye sente hastely to the busshopp Raoul 
Howe syr of Liege, and desired hym, at his instaunce, that he wolde 
Robert of defye and make warre agaynst the erle of Namure, without 
Artoyse was j^g wolde put out of his countrey syr Roberte erle of Artoyse. 
Framnce^ ^ ^^^ ^^^^ busshoppe, who greatly loved the kynge of Fraunce, 
and but lytle loved his neyghbours, dyd as the kyng desired 
hym. Than the erle of Namure, sore ageynst his wyll, 
caused the erle of Artoyse to avoyde his lande. Than this 
erle, syr Robert, went to the duke of Brabant, his cosyn, 
who right joyously receyved hym, and dyd hym great 
comforte ; and as soone as the kyng of Fraunce knew that, 
^ he sent worde to the duke, that if he wold susteyne, mayn- 

teyn, or suffre, the erle of Artoyse in his countrey, he shulde 
have no greatter ennemy than he wold be to hym, and that 
he wolde make warre ageynst hym, and al his, to the best of 
his power, with all the realme of Fraunce. Than the duke 
sent the erle of Artoyse pryvely to Argentuel, to thentent 
to se what the kyng wolde do forther in the case ; and anon 
the kyng knew it, for he had spyes in every corner. The 
kyng had great dispyte, that the duke shuld so dele with 
hym, and within a brief space after, the kyng pourchased, 
so by reason of his golde and sylver, that the kyng of 
Behaigne, who was cosin jermayn to the duke of Brabant, 
and the busshop of Liege, the arche bysshop of Coleyn, 
the duke of Guerles, the marques of Julyers, the erle of 
Bare, the lord of Los, the lorde Fawkmount, and divers 
other lordes, were alied toguyther, al ayenst the duke of 
Brabant, and defyed hym, and entred with a great oste in 
to his countrey by Esbayng, and so cam to Hanut, and 
brent twyse over the countrey where as it pleased them. 
And the kyng of Fraunce sent with them therle of Ewe, his 
Constable, with a great oste of men of armes. Than the 
erle William of Heynaulte, sent his wyfe, suster to the 
kyng, and his brother, syr John of Heynaulte, lorde Bea- 
mont, into Fraunce, to treat for a peace, and sufFeraunce of 
warr, bitwene the kyng and the duke of Brabant. And at 
last the kyng of France, with moche warke, consented 
therto, upon condition, that the duke shulde put hymselfe 
utterly to abyde the ordynaunce of the kyng of Fraunce, 
and of his counsaile, in every mater that the kyng, and all 


suche as had defyed hym, had ageynst him ; and also within CAP. XXV 

a certayn day lymitted, to avoyde out of his countrey the Howesyr 

erle of Artoyse, and to make shorte ; al this the duke dyd Robert of 

sore ayenst his wyU. ^"^oyfe ^f % 

•' •' chased out of 



Howe kyng Edwarde of Ingland toke the towne 
of Berwyke ageynst the Scottis. 

YE have harde here before recited, of the truce bitwene 
Inglande and Scotland, for the space of iii, yere; 
and so the space of oone yere, they kept well the 
peace, so that in CCC. yere before, there was nat so 
good peace kept : howbeit, kyng Edward of Ingland was 
enformed, that the yong kyng David, of Scotland, who had 
wedded his suster, was seaced of the towne of Berwyke, the 
whiche ought to apperteyn to the realme of Ingland ; for 
kyng Edward the first, his graunfather, had it in his posses- 
sion peasably. Also the kyng was enformed, that the 
realme of Scotlande shulde holde in chiefe of the Crowne of 
Inglande, and how the yong kyng of Scottis had nat done 
as than his homage ; wherfore the kyng of Ingland sent his 
ambassad to the kyng of Scottis, desyryng hym to leve his 
handis of the towne of Berwyke, for it parteyned to his 
heritage, for kyngis of Inglande, his predecessours, have 
ben in possession therof : and also they somoned the kyng 
of Scottis, to come to the kyng of Ingland, to do his homage 
for the realme of Scotland. Than the kyng of Scottis toke 
counsaile, howe to answere thys mater : and finally, the 
kyng answerde the Englisshe ambassadours, and sayd, Syrs, 
both I and all the nobles of my realme, mervaile greatly of 
that ye have requyred us to do, for we fynd nat auncientely, 
that the realme of Scotlande shulde any thyng be bounde, 
or be subgiet to the realme of Ingland, nother by homage, 
or any other wayes : nor the kyng of noble memorye, our 
father, wolde never do homage to the kyngis of Ingland, 
for any warre that was made unto hym, by any of them ; 
no more in likewyse I am in wyll to do : and also kyng 



Howe kyng 
Edwarde of 
Ingland toke 
the towne of 
ageynst the 


Robert, our father, conquered the towne of Berwyke, by 
force of armes, agaynst kyng Edwarde, father to the kyng, 
your maister, that nowe is ; and so ray father helde it all 
the dayes of his lyfe as his good heritage ; and so in lyke 
maner we thynke to do, to the best of our power. Howebeit 
lordes, we require you to be meanes to the kyng your master, 
whose suster we have maryed, that he wyll suffre us pease- 
ably to enjoye our fraunches and rightis, as his auncetours 
have done here before; and to lette us enjoye that our 
father hath wonne, and kept it peaseably all his lyfe dayes ; 
and desyre the kyng your maister, that he wolde nat beleve 
any evyll counsaile, gyven hym to the contrary : for if ther 
were any other prince that wolde do us wrong, he shuld 
aide, succour, and defende us, for the love of his suster, 
whom we have maryed. Than these ambassadours answerd 
and said, Syr, we have well understande your answere : we 
shall shewe it to the kyng our lorde, in lyke maner as ye 
have said ; and so toke theyr leave, and returned into Ing- 
lande to the kyng ; with the whiche answere the kyng of 
Ingland was nothyng content. Than he somoned a parlia- 
ment, to be holden at Westminster, where as all the nobles, 
and wyse men of the realme were assembled, to determine 
what shuld be best to be done in this mater. And in this 
meane tyme, syr Robert, erle of Artoys, came into Inglande, 
dysguysed lyke a marchaunt, and the kyng receyved hym 
right joyously, and reteyned hym as one of his counsaile, 
and to hym assigned the erledom of Rychemount. And 
whan the daye of the parliament aproched, and that all the 
nobles of the lande were assembled about London, than the 
kyng caused to be shewed the message, and howe he had 
wrytten to the kyng of Scottis, and of the answere of the 
same kyng. Wherfore the kyng desyred all the nobles of 
his realme, that they wolde gyve hym suche counsaile, as 
shulde aperteyne to the savyng of his honour and ryght. 
And whan they were all assembled in counsaile, they 
thought that the kyng myght no lenger bear by his honour, 
the injury es and wronges, that the kyng of Scottis dyd hym 
dayly; and so they reported their advise to the kyng, 
exortyng hym to provyde for his force and strength of men 
of warre, to atteyne therby the towne of Berwike, and to 


entre into the realme of Scotland, in suche wyse, that he CAP. XXVI 
shulde constrayne the kyng of the Scottis, to be joyfull to Howe kyng 
come and do his homage to hym. And so all the nobles Edwarde of 
and commons of the realme of Ingland, sayd they wold ^^gland toke 
gladly, and willingly, go with hym in that journey : and of Be^rw^ke^ ** 
theyr good wyls, the kyng thanked them greatly, and desired ageynst the 
them to be redy apparailed, at a daye assigned, and to Scottis. 
assemble togyther at Newcastell upon Tyne. And than 
every man went home and prepared for that journey. Than 
the kyng sent agayn other ambassadours, to the kyng of 
Scottis, his brother in lawe, sufficiently to sommon hym ; 
and if he wolde nat be other wyse advysed, than the kyng 
gave them full auctorite to defie hym. And so the day of 
the assembly of the kyngis oste aproched, at the whiche day, 
the kynge of Inglande, and all his oste, aryved at Newcastell 
upon Tyne, and there taried iii. dayes, for the residue of his 
oste, that was comyng after. And on the fourth day, he 
departed with al his oste toward Scotland, and passed 
through the landes of the lorde Persy, and of the lorde 
Nevell, who were two great lordes in Northumberland, and 
marched on the Scottis. And in lyke wyse so dyd the lorde 
Rosse, and the lorde Ligy,^ and the lorde Mombray.^ Than ^ lAicy. 
the kynge and all his oste, drewe toward the cite of Berwyke ; ^ Mowbray. 
for the kyng of Scotland made no other answere to these ii. 
messengers, but as he dyd to the fyrst ; wherfore he was 
openly defied, and somoned. And so the kyng of Ingland 
and his oste entred into Scotland, for he was counsailed, 
that he shuld nat tary at siege at Berwike, but to ryde 
forth, and to burne the countrey, as his graund father dyd : 
and so he dyd. In whiche journey he wasted and distroyed 
all the playn countrey of Scotland, and exiled diverse townes 
that were closed with dykes, and with pales, and toke the 
strong castell of Edyngburth, and sette therin a garison. 
And so passed the secund ryver in Scotland, under Douf- 
fremlyn,' and ran over all the countrey there abowte to 3 by mistake for 
Scone, and distroyed the good towne of Douffremlyn,* but ^^^^^l*^- ,. 
they dyd no evyll to the abbey, for the kyng of Ingland 
commaunded that no hurte shuld be done therto. And so 
the kyng conquered all the countrey to Dondieu,^ and to ° Dundee. 
Doubreten,*' a strong castell, standyng on the marches ayenst ^Dumbarton, 




Howe kyng 
Edwarde of 
Ingland toke 
the towne of 
ageynst the 

1 Dalkeith. 


the wylde Scottis, where as the kyng of Scottis, and the 
quene his wyfe, were withdrawen unto for suretie ; for there 
were no Scottis that wolde appere afore the Englisshemen, 
for they were all drawen into the forest of Gedworth, the 
whiche wer inhabitable, and specially for them, that knew 
nat the countrey, wherin all the Scottis wer, and all theyr 
gooddis ; and so they set but a lytle by all the remnant. 
And it was no marvaile, thoughe they were thus dryven : 
for the kyng their lorde was but xv. yere of age, and the 
erle of Morrey was but yong, and the nephew of Willyam 
Duglas, that was slayne in Spayn, was also of the same age : 
so as at that tyme, the realme of Scotland was dispurveyed 
of good capiteyns. And whan the kyng of Ingland had 
ron over all the playne countrey of Scotlande, and taried 
ther the space of vi. monethes, and sawe that none wold 
come agaynst hym, than he garnysshed divers castels that he 
had wonne, and thought by them to make warre to all the 
other. Than he withdrew fayre and easely toward Berwike ; 
and in his returnyng, he wan the castell of Aluest,^ par- 
teynyng to the heritage of the erle Duglas : it was a v. leagis 
fro Edenburge, and therin the kyng set good capitayns, 
and than rode small journeis, tyll he came to Berwike, the 
whiche is at the entre of Scotlande, and there the kyng 
layd rounde about his siege, and sayd, he wolde never 
depart thens, tyll he had wonne it, or els the kyng of 
Scottis to come, and to reyse his siege parforce. And 
within the towne there were good men of warre, set there 
by the kyng of Scottis : before this cite ther were many 
assaultis, and sore skrymysshes, nygh every daye, for 
they of the cite wolde nat yelde them up symply, for 
alwaies they thought to be rescued; how be it, there 
was no succour appered. The Scottis, on mornyngis 
and nyghtis, made many skryes to trouble the oste, 
but lytle hurte they dyd, for the Englysshe oste was so 
well kepte, that the Scottis coulde nat entre, but to theyr 
damraage, and often tymes loste of theyr men. And whan 
they of Berwike sawe that no comfort, nor ayde, came to 
them fro any part, and that theyr vitayles began to fayle, 
and ho we they were enclosed both by water and by lande ; 
than they began to fall in a treate with the kyng of Ingland, 


and desired a truce to endure a moneth ; and if within the CAP. XXVI 
moneth, kyng David, theyr lorde, or some other for hym, Howe kyng 
come nat by force to reyse the seige, than they to rendre up Edwarde of 
the cite, their lyves and gooddis saved, and that the soudiers +?^^f°*^ *"^f 
within, myght safly go into theyr countrey, without any Berwyke 
dammage.' This treaty was nat lightly graunted : for the ageynst the 
kyng of Ingland wolde have had them yelded symply, to Scottis. 
have had his pleasure of some of them, bicause they had 
hold so long ayenst hym : but finally he was content by the 
counsaile of his lordes. And also syr Robert of Artoys dyd 
put therto his payne, who had ben all that journey e with 
the kyng, and had shewed hym alwayes, howe he was next 
enheriter to the crowne of Fraunce ; he wolde gladly that 
the kyng shuld have made warre into Fraunce, and aleft the 
warres of Scotland. So his wordes, and others, inclined 
greatly the kyng to condiscend to the treaty of Berwike ; 
so this truce and treaty was graunted. Than they within 
the cite sent worde to their kyng, in what case they stode, 
but for all that, they coulde fynde no remedy to reyse the 
siege ; so the cite was dely vered up at thende of the moneth, 
and also the castell; and the Marshals of the ost toke 
possession for the kyng of Ingland, and the burgesses of the 
cite came and dyd theyr feaute and homage to the kyng, 
and sware to hold of hym. Than after the kyng entred with 
great solempnite, and taryed there xii. dayes, and made 
a capitayn ther, called syr Edward Bailleul : and whan the 
kyng departed, he lefte with the sayde knyght, certayn yong 
knyghtis and squiers, to helpe to kepe the landis, that he had 
conquered of the Scottis, and the fronters therof. Than the 
kyng and his people returned to London, and every man 
into theyre owne countres ; and the kyng went to Wynde- 
sore, and syr Robert of Artoys with hym, who never ceassed 
daye nor nyght, in shewyng the kyng what ryght he had to 
the crowne of Fraunce : and the kyng barkened gladly to 
his wordis. Thus in this season, the kyng of Ingland wanne 
the most parte of the realme of Scotland, who had many 
expert knyghtis about hym, among other was sir Wylliam 
Montague, and syr Walter of Manny ; they were hardy 
knyghtis, and dyd many dedis of armes ageynst the Scottis. 
And the better to have their entre into Scotland, they 




Howe kyng 
Edwarde of 
Ingland toke 
the towne of 
ageynst the 

^ Roxburgh. 


fortified the bastyde of Rosebourge,^ and made it a strong 
castel ; and syr Wylliam Montague dyd so well in all his 
entreprises, that the kyng made hym erle of Salysbury, and 
maried hym nobly. And also the lorde of Manny was made 
of the kyngis pryve counsaile, and well advaunsed in the 

True it was, that some of the knyghtis of Scotland, dyd 
ever the anoyaunce they coulde to the Englisshemen, and 
kept them in the wylde countrey, among marisshes and 
great forestis, so that no man coulde folowe them. Some 
season, the Englisshemen folowed them so nere, that all day 
they skrymysshed toguyther ; and in a skrymysshe, this said 
lorde Wylliam Montague lost one of his yen. In the said 
forest, the olde kyng Robert, of Scotland, dyd kepe hym- 
selfe, whan kyng Edward the fyrst conquered nygh al 
Scotland ; for he was so often chased, that none durst lodge 
hym in castell, nor fortresse, for feare of the sayd kyng. 
And ever whan the kyng was returned into Ingland, than 
he wolde gather together agayn his people, and conquere 
townes, castells, and forteresses, j uste to Berwike, some by 
bataile, and some by fayre speche and love : and whan the 
said kyng Edward hard therof, than wolde he assemble his 
power, and wyn the realme of Scotlande agayn; thus the 
chaunce went bitwene these two forsaid kyngis. It was 
shewed me, howe that this kyng Robert wan, and lost his 
realme v. tymes. So this contynued tyll the sayd kyng 
Edwarde died, at Berwike : and whan he sawe that he 
shulde dye, he called before hym his eldest sonne, who was 
kyng after hym, and there before all the barones, he caused 
hym to swere, that as soone as he were deed, that he shulde 
take his body, and boyle it in a caudron, tyl the flesshe 
departed clene fro the boones, and than to bury the flesshe, 
and kepe styll the boons ; and that as often as the Scottis 
shuld rebell ayenst hym, he shulde assemble his people 
ayenst them, and cary with hym the boones of his father ; 
for he beleved verely, that if they had his boones with them, 
that the Scottis shulde never attayne any victory ayenst 
them. The whiche thyng was nat accomplisshed, for whan 
the kyng was deed, his son caried hym to London, and there 
he was buryed. 




Howe kyng Philyp of Fraunce and divers other 
kyngis made a Croysey to the Holy Land. 

NOWE let us retume to our first purpose. Whan 
kyng Philyp returned fro Paris, after that the 
kyng of Ingland had been there, he went to visyte 
his realme, and in his company, Loys, the kyng of 
Behaigne, and the kyng of Naverre, with many dukis, erles, 
and lordes, for he helde great astate and noble. So he rode 
through Burgoyn, tyll he came to Avignon, where he was 
honorably receyved of pope Benedicte, and of all the Col- 
ledge, and dyd hym as moche honour as they coulde ; and 
he taried a long space there, and was lodged at Wylnefe,^ ^ Villeneuve. 
without Avignon. In the same season the kyng of Aragon 
came to the court of Rome, and ther was great chere and 
fest made at theyr metyng, and ther they were all the Lent 
season ; and in that season tydyngis came to the court of 
Rome, that the ennemies of God were greatly strong, and 
had nygh conquered all the realme of Rase, and takyn the 
kyng there, who was before become christen, and made hym 
to dye by a great martyrdome : and also these infidels sore 
dyd manysshe christendome. And on the Good Fryday, the 
pope hymselfe preched of the passyon of God, before 
these kyngis, exortynge them to take on them the Crosse 
ageynst the Sarazyns ; so that the Frenche kyng moved with 
pite, toke on hym the Crosse, and desired the pope to agree 
therto. The pope accorded, and confirmed it with his abso- 
lucion, de pena et culpa, clene confessed and repentaunt. 
So thus the kyng toke on hym this voyage, and with hym the 
kyng Charles of Behaigne, the kyng of Navarre, and kyng 
Peter of Aragone, with many dukes, erles," barones, knyghtis, ' 

and squyers ; and also the cardinall of Napoles, the cardinal 
of Pierregort, the cardinal Blanc, and the cardinall of Ostie. 
And anon after, this Croisy was preched and publisshed 
abroode in the worlde : the whiche tydyngis was great 
pleasure to many lordis, and specially to suche as were in 
mynde to dyspende their season in dedis of armes. 

Whan the Frenche kyng, and these said lordes, had ben 
M 89 



Howe kyng 
Philyp of 
Fraunce and 
divers other 
kyngis made a 
Croysey to the 
Holy I^nd. 


2 Riviera of 


a certayn space with the pope, and had devysed and con- 
firmed their entreprise ; than they departed fro the courte, 
and toke their leve ; and the kynge of Aragone went into 
his countrey, and the Frenche kyng in his company, tyll they 
came to Montpellier, and there taryed a certayn space : and 
there kyng Philyp of France made a peace bitwene the kyng 
of Aragon, and the kyng of Mallorques, and than returned 
into Fraunce by small journeis, at great dispence, and visited 
his townes and castels, and passed through Auvergne, Berry, 
Beaulse, and Gastinois, and so came to Paris, wher as he 
was receyved with great feast and glory. At that tyme, 
Fraunce was ryche, in great puissaunce, and in good rest and 
peace, there was no warre spoken of. 

This Croisy thus taken by the Frenche kyng, wherof he 
was as chiefe, there were dyverse lordes in sondrie countreis, 
by great devotyon, toke on them the same. The French kyng 
made the grettest apparayle for his voyage that ever was sene, 
other in Godfray de Boleyns dayes, or any other ; and had 
prepared in certayne portes, as at Marcille, Agwes mortes, at 
Narbon, and about Mountpellyer, such a nombre of vessels, 
shyppes, careckes, and galyes, suffycient to passe over Ix. M. 
men of armes, with all their purveaunces, well provyded of 
bysquet, wyne, fressh water, salt flesshe, and all other 
thynges necessary for men of warre, to endure thre yeres, if 
nede were. And the French kyng sent certayn messangers 
to the kyng of Hungrie, desyringe hym to be redy, and to 
open the passages of his countre, to receyve the pylgrimes 
of God ; the kyng of Hungrie was gladde therof, and sayd, 
howe he was all redy. In likewyse the Frenche kyng sent 
to the kyng of Cyper,^ and also to the kyng of Sicyll, and 
to the Venecyans ; in lyke maner they answered, that they 
were redy to obey ; and the Genowayes, and all they on the 
ryver of Geane : ^ and also the kyng sent the great priour of 
Fraunce to the ysle of Rodes, to prepayre all thynges 
necessarie in those quarters ; and they of the Rodes accorded 
with the Venecyans, to provyde thynges necessarie in the 
ysle of Creth, the which was under their sygnorie. Brevely, 
every countrey was redy prepared to receyve the pylgrimes 
of God. There were mo than CCC.M. persons that toke on 
them the crosse, to go in this noble voyage over the see. 




Howe kyng Edwarde was counselled to make 
warre agaynst the French kyng. 

IN this season, whan this croisy was in gret forwardnesse, 
for there was no spekyng but therof, syr Robert of 
Artoies was as than in England, banysshed out of 
Fraunce, and was ever about kyng Edward ; and alwayes 
he counselled hym to defye the Frenche kyng, who kept 
his herytages fro hym wrongfully ; of the whiche mater 
the kyng often tymes counselled with them of his secret 
counsell, for gladly he wolde have had his right, and 
yf he wyst how. And also he thought, that if he shulde 
demaunde his ryght, and it refused, what he might do than 
to amende it. For if he shulde than syt styll, and do nat 
his devoyre to recover his right, he shulde be more blamed 
than before : yet he thought it were better to speke nat 
therof. For he sawe well, that by the puysaunce of his 
realme, it wolde be harde for hym to subdue the great 
realme of Fraunce, without helpe of some other gret lordes, 
outher of the empyre or in other places for his money. 
The kyng often tymes desyred counsell of his chefe and 
speciall frendes and counsellours. Fynally, his counsellours 
answered hym and sayd, Syr, the mater is so weighty, and 
of so hygh an enterprise, that we dare nat speke therin, nor 
gyye you any counsell. But sjrr, this we wolde counsell you 
to do ; sende sufFycient messangers, well enfourmed of your 
intencyon, to therle of Heynaulte, whose doughter ye have 
maryed, and to syr John of Heynalt, his brother, who hath 
valyantly served you at all tymes ; and desyre them by way 
of love, that they wolde counsell you in this mater, for they 
knowe better what parteyneth to suche a mater than we 
do ; and syr, if they agre to your entent, than woll they 
counsell you what frendes ye may best make. The kyng 
was content with this answere, and desyred the bysshop of 
Lyncolne to take on hjon this message, and with hym two 
banerettes, and two doctours : they made them redy, and 
toke shypping, and aryved atDunkyrke, and rodde through 



CAP. Flaunders, tyll they came to Valencens, where they founde 
XXVIII ^j^g gj.|g lyeng in his bedde, sycke of the gout, and with him 
Howe kyng sir John his brother. They were greatly feasted, and 
Edwarde was Je^lared the cause of their commyng, and shewed all the 
make warre reasons and doutes that the kynge their maister had made, 
agaynst the Than therle sayd, As helpe me God, yf the kynges mynde 
French kyng. might be brought to passe, I wolde be right glad therof : 
for I had rather the welth of hym that hath maryed my 
doughter, than of hym that never dyd nothyng for me, 
though I have maryed his suster. And also he dyd let the 
maryage of the yonge duke of Brabant, who shuld have 
maryed one of my doughters. Wherfore, I shall nat fayle to 
ayde my dere and wel beloved sonne, the kyng of England : 
I shall gyve hym counsell and ayde to the best of my 
power, and so shall do John my brother, who hath served 
hym or this. Howe be it he mOst have more helpe than 
ours : for Heynalt is but a small countrey, as to the regard 
of the realme of Fraunce, and Englande is farr of to ayde us. 
Than the bysshoppe sayd, Syr, we thanke you in our mais- 
ters behalfe, of the comfort that ye gyve us : syr, we desyre 
you to gyve our maister counsell, what frendes he were best 
to labour unto to ayde hym. Surely sayd therle, I can nat 
devyse a more puissant prince to ayde hym, than the duke 
of Brabant, who is his cosyn germayne ; and also the 
bysshoppe of Liege, the duke of Guerles, who hath his 
suster to his wyfe; the archbysshop of Colayne, the marques 
of JuUers, syr Arnolde de Baquehen, and the lorde of 
Faulquemount ; these lordes be thei that may make moost 
men of warre in short space of any that I know : they arre 
good men of warre, they may well make x. thousand men of 
warr, so they have wages therafter ; they arre people that 
wolde gladly wynne advauntage. Yf it were so that the 
kyng my sonne, your maister, might gette these lordes to 
be on his part, and so to come into these parties, he might 
well go over the water of Oysse, and seke out kyng Phylippe 
to fyght with hym. With this answere, these ambassadours 
retourned into England to the kyng, and reported all that 
they had done; wherof the kyng had great joy, and was 
well comforted. These tidyngis came into Fraunce, and 
multiplied lytle and lytle, so that kyng Phylippes enterprise 


of the sayd croysey beganne to asswage and ware cold ; and CAP. 
he countermaunded his offycers to sease of makyng of any XXVIII 
farther provision, tyll he knewe more what kyng Edward Howe kyng 
wolde do. Than kyng Edward ordayned x. banerettes, and ^•^^^""^6 was 
xl. other knyghtes, and sent them over the see to Valen- make warre 
cennes, and the bysshoppe of Lyncolne with theym, to agaynst the 
thentent to treat with the lordes of thempyre, suche as French kyng. 
therle of Heynalt had named. Whanne they were come to 
Valencennes, eche of them kept a great estate and port, and 
spared nothynge, no more than yf the kynge of Englande 
had bene there in proper persone, wherby they dyd gette 
great renowme and prayse. They had with them yonge / 
bachelars, who had eche of them one of their eyen closedde 
with a piece of sylke : it was sayd, how they had made a 
vowe among the ladyes of their contrey, that they wolde nat 
se but with one eye, tyll'they had done some dedes of armes 
in Fraunce; how be it they wold nat be knowen therof. 
And whan thei had ben well feested at Valencennes, than 
the bysshoppe of Lyncolne, and part of his company, went 
to the duke of Brabant, who feasted them greatly, and 
agreed, and promysed to sustayne the kyng of Englande 
and all his company in his contrey ; so that he might go 
and come, armed and unarmed at his pleasure, and to gyve 
him the best counsell he coude. And also, yf the kynge of 
Englande wolde defy the Frenche kyng, that he wolde do 
the same, and entre into the countrey of Fraunce, with men 
of warre, so that their wages might be borne, to the nombre 
of a thousande men of armes. Thus than the lordes re- 
tourned agayne to Valencennes, and dyd so moch by mes- 
sangers, and by promyse of golde and sylver, that the duke 
of Guerles, who was the kynges brother in lawe, and the 
marques of JuUers, the archebysshoppe of Colayne, and 
Waleran his brother, and the lorde of Faulquemount came 
to Valencennes, to speke with these lordes of Englande, 
byfore the erle of Haynalt, and the lorde John his brother. 
And by the meanes of a great somme of florens that eche 
of them shulde have for themselfe, and for their men, they 
made promyse to defy the Frenche kyng, and to go with 
the kyng of England whan it pleased hym, with a certayn 
men of warre ; promysinge also, to gette other lordes to 




Howe kyng 
Edward e was 
counselled to 
make warre 
agaynst the 
French kyng. 

1 Germany. 


take their part for wages, such as be beyonde the ryver of 
Ryne, and be able to bringe good nombres of men of warre. 
Than the lordes of Almayne^ toke their leave, and retourned 
into ther owne contreis; and thenglysshmen taryed styll 
with therle of Heynalt, and sent certayne messangers to the 
bysshoppe of Lyege, and wolde gladly have hadde hym on 
their partie ; but he wolde never be agaynst the French 
kyng, for he was become his man, and entred into his 
feaultie, Kyng Charles of Behaygne, was nat desyred, for 
they knewe well he was so fermely joyned with the Frenche 
kyng, by reason of the maryage of John duke of Normandy, 
who had to wyfe the kyngis doughter, wherby they knewe 
well he wold do nothyng agaynst the French kyng. 


a d^Arteveid. Howc that Jaqucs DartvclP governed all 


IN this season there was great dyscorde bytwene the erle 
of Flaunders and the Flemmynges : for they wolde 
nat obey him, nor he durst nat abyde in Flaunders, 
but in great parell. And in the towne of Gaunt, there 
was a man, a maker of honey, called Jaques Dartvell. He 
was entred into such fortune and grace of the people, that 
all thynge was done that he dydde ; he might commaunde 
what he wolde through all Flaunders, for ther was non, 
though he were never so great, that durst disobey his 
commaundement. He had alwayes goyng with hym up and 
downe in Gaunt Ix. or fourskore varlettes armed, and 
amonge them, there were thre or foure that knewe the 
secretnes of his mynde ; so that if he mette a parsone that 
he hated, or had hym in suspectyon, incontynent he was 
slayne: for he had commaunded his secret varlettes, that 
whanne soever he mette any persone, and made suche a 
sygne to theym, that incontynent they shulde slee hym, 
whatsoever he were, without any wordes or resonynge ; and 
by that meanes he made many to be slayne, wherby he was 
so doughted, that none durst speke agaynst any thynge 
that he wolde have done, so that every man was gladde to 



make hym good chere. And these varlettes, whan thai CAP. XXIX 
had brought hym home to his house, than they shulde go Howe that 
to dyner where they lyst, and after dyner returne agayne Jaques 
into the strete before his lodgyng, and there abyde tyll he Dartvell 
come out, and to wayt on hym tyll souper tyme. These piaunders* 
souldyours had eche of them foure grotes Flemmysshe by the 
day, and were truely payd, wekely. Thus he had in every 
towne, souldyers, and servauntes at his wages, redy to do 
his commaundement, and to espy if ther were any person 
that wolde rebell agaynst his mynde, and to enfourme hym 
therof ; and assone as he knewe any suche, he wolde never 
cease tyll they were banysshed or slayne, without respyte. 
All such great men, as knyghtes, squires, or burgesses of 
good townes, as he thought favourable to therle in any 
maner, he banysshed them out of Flaunders, and wolde 
levey the moyte of their landes to his owne use, and thother 
halfe to their wyves and chyldren, such as were banysshed ; 
of whome there were a great nombre abode at saynt Omers. 
To speke properly, there was never in Flaunders, nor in 
none other contrey, prince, duke, nor other, that ruled a 
countrey so pesably, so long as this Jaques Dartvell dyd 
rule Flaunders. He levyed the rentes, wynages, and rightes, 
that pertayned to therle through out all Flaunders, and 
spended all at his pleasure, without any acompt makyng ; 
and whan he wold say that he lacked money, they byleved 
hym, and so it behoved them to do, for none durst say 
agaynst hym ; whan he wold borowe any thynge of any 
burgesse, there was none durst say hym nay. These Englyssh 
embassadours kept an honourable estate at the towne of 
Valencennes ; they thought it shulde be a great comforte to 
the kynge their lorde, yf they might gette the Flemmynges 
to take their part. Than they toke counsell of therle in 
that mater, and he answered, that truely it shulde be one 
of the grettest aydes that they coude have : but he sayd, he 
thought their labour in that behalfe coude nat prevayle, 
without they gette first the good wyll of Jaques Dartvell. 
Than they said they wolde assay what they coude do : and 
so ther upon they departed fro Valencennes and went into 
Flaunders, and departed into thre or foure companies : 
some went to Bruges, some to Ipre, and some to Gaunt; 





Howe that 
governed all 

1 Sohier de 

2 Germany. 


and they all kept such port, and made so large dyspence, 
that it semed that sylver and golde fell out of their handes, 
and made many great promyses and offers to them, that 
they spake to for that mater. And the bysshoppe, with a 
certayne with hym, went to Gaunt, and he dyd so moch, 
what with fayre wordes, and otherwise, that he gate thacorde 
of Jaques Dartvell ; and dyd gette great grace in the towne, 
and specially of an olde knyght that dwelt in Gaunt, who 
was ther right well beloved, called the lorde of Courtisyen,^ 
a knight baneret, and was reputed for a hardy knight, and 
had alwayes served truely his lordes. This knyght dyd moche 
honour to thenglysshemen, as a valyant knyght ought to 
do to all strangers. Of this he was accused to the French 
kyng, who incontynent sent a strayt commaundement to 
therle of Flaunders, that he shulde send for this sayd 
knyght, and assone as he had hym, to strike of his hed. 
Therle who durst nat breke the kynges commanndement, 
dyd so moch, that this knyght came to hym at his sendyng, 
as he that thought non y veil : and incontynent he was 
taken, and his heed stryken of. Wherof many folkes were 
sorie, and were sore dysplesed with therle, for he was wel 
beloved with the lordes of the contrey. These Englysshe 
lordes dyd so moche, that Jaques Dartvell, dyverse tymes, 
had togyder the counselles of the good townes, to speke of 
the besynes that these lordes of Englande desyred, and of 
the fraunchyses and amyties that they ofFred them in the 
kyng of Englandes byhalfe. So often they spake of this 
mater, that fynally they agreed, that the kynge of Englande 
myght come and go into Flaunders at his pleasure. Howe 
be it, they sayd they were so sore bounde to the French 
kyng, that they myght nat entre into the realme of Fraunce 
to make any warre, without they shulde forfayt a great 
somme of fiorens : and so they desyred that they wold be 
content with this answere, as at that time. Thenglysshe 
lordes retourned agayne to Valencennes with great j oy ; 
often tymes they sent worde to the kyng of Englande how 
they spedde, and ever he sent theym golde and sylver to 
bere their charges, and to gyve to the lordes of Almaygne,'^ 
who desyred nothyng els. In this season the noble erle of 
Heynalt dyed the vi. day of June, the yere of our lorde, 


M.CCC.xxxvii. and was buryed at the friers in Valencennes. CAP. XXIX 
The bysshoppe of Cambray, sang the masse; ther were Howe that 
many dukes, erles, and barownes : for he was wel beloved, Jaques 
and honoured of all people in his lyfe dayes. After his ^^vell 
dyscease, the lorde Wyllyam, his sonne, entred into the pj ^^^^^^.g* 
counteis of Heynalt, Hollande, and Zelande, who had to 
wyfe the doughter of duke John of Brabant, and had to 
name Jahane : she was endowed with the lande of Bynche, 
the which was a right fayre heritage and a profitable ; and 
the lady Jahan, her mother, went to Fontnels, on Lescault,^ ' The Scheldt. 
and ther used the resydue of her lyfe in great devotion in 
thabbey ther, and dyd many good dedes. 


How certayne nobles of Flaunders kept the yle of 

Cagaunt^ agaynst thenglysshemen. » cadsand. 

OF all these ordynaunces and confortes that the kyng 
of England had get on that syde the see, Kyng 
Phylippe of Fraunce was well enformed of all 
the mater, and wolde gladly have had the Flemmynges 
on his part. But Jaques Dartvell had so surmounted all 
maner of people in Flaunders that none durst say agaynst 
his opynion, nor the erle hymselfe durst nat well abyde in 
the countrey, for he had sent the countesse his wyfe, and 
Loys his sonne, into Fraunce, for dout of the Flemmynges. 
In this season, ther were in the yle of Cagant, certayne 
knyghtes and squyers of Flanders in garyson : as sir Dutres 
de Haluyn, syr John de Radays,^ and the sonnes of Lestriefe. ^ Eodes. 
They kept that passage agaynst thenglysshmen and made 
covert warre, wherof thenglysshe lordes beyng in Heynalt, 
were well enformed, and how that if they went that way 
homewarde into England, they shulde be met withall to 
their dyspleasure ; wherfore they were nat well assured ; 
howbeit they rode and went about the countrey at their 
pleasure. All was by the confort of Jaques Dartvell, for 
he supported and honoured them as moche as he might : 
and after, these lordes went to Dondrech,* in Holande, and * Dordrecht. 
ther they toke shypping to eschue the passage of Cagaunt, 
N 97 



How cer- 
tayne nobles 
of Flaunders 
kept the yle 
of Cagaunt 


wher as the garison was layd for them, by the commaunde- 
ment of the Frenche kyng : so these Englisshe lordes came 
agayne into England, as prively as they coude, and came to 
the kyng, who was right joyouse of their commyng; and 
whan he harde of the garyson of Cagaunt, he sayd he wolde 
provyde for them shortly; and anone after, he ordayned 
therle of Derby, syr Water Manny, and dyverse other 
knyghtes and squiers, with fyve hundred men of armes, and 
two thousande archers, and they toke shippyng at London, 
in the ryver of Tames. The first tyde they went to Graves- 
ende, the next day to Margate, and at the thyrde tyde they 
toke the see, and sayled into Flaunders. So they aparelled 
themselfe, and came nere to Cagaunt. 


' Ingel- 


Of the batell of Cagaunt bytwene thenglysshemen 
and the frenchmen. 

WHAN thenglysshmen sawe the towne of Cagaunt 
before them, they made them redy, and had 
wynd and tyde to serve them. And so in the 
name of God and saint George, they approched and 
blewe up their trumpettes, and set their archers before 
them, and sayled towarde the towne. They of Cagaunt 
sawe well this great shyppe aproche : they knewe well they 
were Englysshmen, and araynged them on the dykes and on 
the sandes, with their baners before them, and they made 
xvi. newe knyghtes. They were a fyve thousande men of 
warr, good knyghtes and squires; ther was sir Guy of 
Flanders, a good and a sure knyght, but he was a bastarde, 
and he desyred all his company to do well their devoyre : 
and also ther was sir Dutres de Hauyn, sir John de Roodes, 
sir Gyles Lestriefe, sir Symon and syr John of Bonquedent,^ 
who were there made knyghtes, and Peter of Anglemonster,^ 
with many other knyghtes and squiers, expert men of armes. 
Thenglysshmen were desyrous to assayle, and the Flemmynges 
to defend. Thenglysshe archers began to shout, and cryed 
their cryes, so that suche as kepte the passage, were fayne 
perforce to recule backe. At this first assaute there were 


dyverse sore hurte, and the Englysshmen toke lande, and CAP. XXXI 

came and fought hande to hande. The Flemmynges fought Of the batell 

valyantly to defende the passage, and thenglysshmen assauted of Cagaunt 

chyvalrously. The erle of Derby was that day a good byt^ene 

knyght, and at the first assaute he was so forwarde, that he men and^^e 

was stryken to the erth, and than the lorde of Manny dyd frenchmen. 

hym great confort, for by pure feat of armes, he releved 

hym up agayne, and brought hym out of paryll, and cryed 

Lancastre for the erle of Derby. Than they approched on 

every part, and many were hurt ; but mo of the Flemmynges 

than of the Englysshmen, for the archers shot so holly to- 

gyder, that they dyd to the Flemmynges moche damage. 

Thus in the havyn of Cagant ther was a sore batell, for 

the Flemmynges were good men of warre, chosen out by "^ 

the erle of Flaunders, to defende that passage agaynst 

thenglysshemen. And of Englande, there was the erle of 

Derby, sonne to the erle Henry of Lancastre with the wry 

necke, therle of SufFolke, syr Robert ^ Cobham, sir Lewes 1 Raynold. 

Byauchampe, sir Wyllyam, sonne to therle of Warwyke, 

the lorde Bourcher,^ syr Water Manny, and dy vers other. 2 Berkdey. 

There was a sore batayle, and well foughten hande to 

hande : but finally, the Flemmynges were put to the chase, 

and were slayne mo than thre thousande, what in the havyn, 

stretes, and houses. Syr Guy the bastarde of Flaunders 

was taken, and sir Dutres de Haluyn and sir John de 

Rodes wer slayn, and the two bretherne of Bonquedent, and 

syr Gyles de Lestrief, and mo than xxvi. knyghtes and 

squyers ; and the towne taken and pylled, and all the goodes 

and prisoners put into the shippes, and the towne brent. 

And so thus the Englysshemen retourned into Englande 

without any damage; the kyng caused sir Guy bastarde 

of Flanders to swere and to bynde hymselfe prisoner ; and 

in the same yere he became Englysshe, and dyd fayth and 

homage to the kyng of Englande. 





How kyng Edwarde of England made great 
alyaunces in the empyre. 

1 Cadsand. A FTER this dysconfeture at Cagaunt,^ tidynges ther- 

L\ of spredde abrode in the countrey. And they of 
-1. A. Flaunders sayd, that without reason and agaynst 
their wylles therle of Flanders had layd there that garyson ; 
and Jaques Dartvell wolde nat it had ben otherwyse, and 
incontynent he sent messangers to kyng Edwarde, recom- 
mendyng hym to his grace with all his hert, counsellyng 
hym to come thyder, and to passe the see, certyfyenge hym, 
how the Flemmynges greatly desyred to se hym. Thus the 
kyng of Englande made great purveyances ; and whan the 
wynter was passed, he toke the see, well accompanyed with 
dukes, erles, and barownes, and dyvers other knyghtes, and 

2 Antwerp. aryved at the towne of Andewarpe,^ as than pertayninge to 

the duke of Brabant : thyther came people from all partes 
to se hym, and the great estate that he kept. Than he 
sent to his cosjti, the duke of Brabant, and to the duke of 
Guerles, to the marques of Jullers, to the lorde John of 
Heynalt, and to all such as he trusted to have any conforte 
of, sayeng, howe he wolde gladly speke with theym; they 
came all to Andewarp, bytwene Whytsontyde, and the 
feest of saynte John. And whan the kyng had well feasted 
them, he desyred to knowe their myndes, whane they wolde 
begynne that they had promysed: requirynge them to 
dyspatche the mater brevely, for that intent, he sayd, he 
was come thyder, and had all his men redy ; and howe it 
shulde be a great damage to hym to defarre the mater long. 
These lordes had longe counsell among them, and fynally 
they sayd, Syr, our commynge hyther as nowe, was more to 
se you, than for any thynge els : we be nat as nowe, pur- 
veyed to gyve you a full answere ; by your lycence we shall 
retourne to our people, and come agayne to you at your 
pleasure, and thane gyve you so playne an answere, that the 
mater shall nat rest in us. Than they toke day, to come 
agayn a thre wekes after the feest of saynt John. The 


kynge shewed them what charges he was at, with so longe CAP. XXXII 
abyding, thynkinge whan he came thyther that they had How kyng 
ben full purveyd to have made hym a pla3me answere, Edwarde of 
sayng howe that he wolde nat returne into England, tyll he England 
had a full answere. So thus these lordes departed, and the ^Lui^^^in 
kynge taryed in the abbay of saynt Bernarde, and some of the empyre. 
the Englysshe lordes taryed styll at Andewarpe, to kepe 
the kynge company, and some of the other rode about the 
countrey in great dyspence. The duke of Brabant went to 
Lovane, and there taryed a long tyme, and often tymes he 
sent to the Frenche kyng, desyring hym to have no suspecyons 
to hym, and nat to byleve any yvell informacion made of 
hym ; for by his wyll, he sayd he wold make none alyance, 
nor covenant agaynst hym : sayeng also, that the kynge of 
Englande was his cosyn germayne, wherfore he might nat 
deny hym to come into his countrey. 

The day came that the kyng of Englande loked to have 
an answere of these lordes : and they excused them, and 
sayd, howe they were redy and their men, so that the duke 
of Brabant wold be redy for his part, sayeng, that he was 
nere than they ; and that assone as they might knowe that 
he were redy, they wolde nat be behynde, but at the begyn- 
nyng of the mater, assone as he. Than the kyng dyd so 
moche, that he spake agayne with the duke, and shewed 
him the answere of the other lordes, desyring him, by 
amyte and lynage, that no faut were founde in hym, sayeng, 
how he parceyved well that he was but cold in the mater, 
and that without he wer quicker and dyd otherwyse, he 
douted he shulde lese therby the ayde of all the other 
lordes of Almayne, through his defaulte. Than the duke 
sayd, he wolde take counsayle in the mater, and whan he 
had longe debated the mater, he sayd howe he shulde be 
as redy as any other, but firste he sayd, he wolde speke 
agayne with the other lordes ; and he dyde sende for them, 
desyring them to come to hym, wher as they pleased best. 
Than the day was apoynted about the myddes of August, 
and this counsell to be at Hale, bycause of the yong erle of 
Heynalt, who shulde also be ther, and with hym sir John 
of Heynalt, his uncle. Whane these lordes were all come 
to this parlyament at Hale, they had longe counsayle 




How kyng 
Edwarde of 
made great 
alyaunces in 
the empyre. 

1 Arleux. 

2 Nuremberg. 


togyder ; finally, they sayd to the kyng of Englande, Syr, 
we se no cause why we shulde make defyance to the Frenche 
kyng, all thynges consydred, without ye can gette thagre- 
ment of themperour, and that he wolde commaunde us to 
do so in his name ; the emperour may well thus do, for of 
long tyme past there was a covenant sworne and sealed, 
that no kyng of Fraunce ought to take any thyng parteyn- 
ing to thempyre : and this kynge Philyppe hath taken the 
castell of Crevecure, in Cambreysis, and the castell of 
Alues,^ in Pailleull, and the cytie of Cambray; wherfore 
themperour hath good cause to defye hym by us : therfore 
sir, if ye can get his acord, our honour shal be the more ; 
and the kyng sayd, he wolde folowe their counsayle. Than 
it was ordayned, that the Marques of Jullers shulde go 
to themperour, and certa3nie knyghtes, and clerkes of the 
kynges, and some of the counsell of the duke of Gwerles ; 
but the duke of Brabant wolde sende none fro hym, but he 
lende the castell of Louayne to the kynge of Englande to 
lye in. And the Marques and his company founde the 
emperour at Florebetche,^ and shewed hym the cause of 
their commyng. And the lady Margarete of Heynault 
dydde all her payne to further forthe the matter, whom sir 
Lewes of Bavyer, than emperour, had wedded. And ther 
the Marques of Jullers was made an erle, and the duke of 
Guelders, who byfore was an erle, was than made a duke. 
And themperour gave commyssion to foure knyghtes, and 
to two doctours of his counsell, to make kyng Edwarde of 
Englande, his vycarre generall throughout all the empyre ; 
and therof these sayd lordes hadde instrumentes publyke, 
confyrmed and sealed suffyciently by the emperour. 


Howe kyng Davyd of Scotlande made alyaunce 
with kyng Phylyppe of Fraunce. 

IN this season, the yonge kyng Davyd of Scotlande, who 
had lost the best part of his lande, and coulde natte 
recover it out of the holde of thenglysshmen, departed 
prively with a small company, and the quene his wyfe 


with hym, and toke shyppyng, and arry ved at Bolayne, and CAP. XXXIII 
so rodde to Pares, to kyng Philyppe, who gretly dyd feast Howe kyng 
hym ; and offred hyra of his castels to abyde in, and of his Davyd of 
goodes to dyspende, on the condycion that he shulde make Scotlande 
no peace with the kynge of Englande, without his counsell wHh^ky^ff "*^^ 
and his agrement ; for kyng Philyppe knewe well, howe the Phylyppe of 
kynge of Englande apparelled greatly to make hym warre. Fraunce. 
So thus the kyng ther retayned kyng Davyd, and the 
quene, a long season, and they had all that they neded, at 
his coste and charge : for out of Scotlande came but lytell 
substance to mayntayne withall their estates. And the 
French king sent certayne messangers into Scotlande, to the 
lordes ther, such as kept warr agaynst thenglisshmen, 
offryng them great ayde and confort, so that they wolde 
take no peace, nor truse, with the kyng of Englande, with- 
out it were by his agrement, or by thaccorde of their owne 
kyng, who had in likewyse promysed and sworne. Than 
the lordes of Scotlande counselled togyder, and joyously 
they accorded to his request, and so sealed and sware with 
the kyng their lorde. Thus this alyance was made bytwene 
Scotlande and France, the which endured a long season 
after. And the frenche kyng sent men of warre into Scotland, 
to kepe warr agaynst thenglysshmen, as syr Arnold e Dan- 
dregien,^ who was after marschall of Fraunce, and the lorde ^ d'Audrehem. 
of Garencieres, and dyverse other knyghtes and squyers. 
The Frenche kyng thought that the Scottes shuld gyve so 
moch ado to the realme of England, that thenglysshmen 
shuld nat come over the see to anoy hym. 


How kyng Edwarde of England was made vycare 
general} of thempyre of Almaygne. 

WHAN the kyng of England, and the other lordes 
to hym alyed, wer departed fro the parlyament 
of Hale, the kyng went to Lovan, and made 
redy the castell for his abyding, and sent for the quene 
to come thyder, if it pleased her: for he sent her 
worde he wolde nat come thens of an hole yere : and sent 




How kyng 
Edwarde of 
England was 
made vycare 
generall of 
thempyre of 


home certayne of his knyghtes to kepe his lande fro the 
Scottes. And the other lordes and knyghtes, that were 
there styll with the kynge, rode aboute the realme of 
Flanders, and Henalt, makyng grete dyspence, gyveng great 
rewardes and juels to the lordes, ladyes, and damoselles 
of the countrey, to get their good wylles. They dyd so 
moche that they were greatly praysed, and specially of the 
common people, bycause of the port and state that they 
kept. And than about the feest of all sayntes, the marques 
of Jullers, and his company, sent worde to the kyng how 
they had sped ; and the kyng sent to hym, that he shulde 
be with hym about the feest of saynt Martyne ; and also 
he sent to the duke of Brabant, to knowe his mynde, wher 
he wolde the parlyament shulde be holde : and he answered 
at Arques, in the countie of Loz, nere to his countrey. 
And than the kyng sent to all other of his alyes, that 
they shulde be there. And so the hall of the towne was 
apparelled and hanged, as though it had ben the kynges 
chamber; and there the kyng satte crowned with gold, 
V. fote hygher than any other : and there openly was redde 
the letters of themperour, by the which, the kyng was made 
vycare generall, and lieftenaunt, for the emperour, and had 
power gy ven hym to make lawes, and to mynistre j ustyce 
to every person, in themperours name, and to make money 
of golde and sylver. The emperour also there commaunded 
by his letters, that all persons of his em pyre, and all other his 
subgiettes, shulde obey to the kyng of England, his vycare, 
as to hymselfe, and to do hym homage. And incontynent 
ther was clayme and answere made bytwene parties, as 
before the emperour, and right and judgement gyven. 
Also there was renued a judgement, and a statute afFermed, 
that had been made before in the emperours courte, and 
that was this ; that who soever wolde any hurt to other, 
shuld make his defyance thre dayes byfore his dede, and he 
that dyde otherwyse, shulde be reputed as an evyll doer, 
and for a vylans dede. And whan all this was done, the 
lordes departed, and toke day that they shulde all appere 
before Cambray, thre wekes after the feest of saynte John, 
the whiche towne was become Frenche ; thus they all de- 
parted, and every man went to his owne. And kynge Edwarde, 


as vycare of thempyre, went than to Lovayne, to the CAP. 
quene, who was newely come thyder out of Englande, with XXXIIII 
great noblenesse, and well accompanyed, with ladyes and How kyng 
damosels of Englande ; so there the kynge and the quene ^dwarde of 
kepte their house ryght honorably all that wynter, and ^e vydS 
caused money, golde, and sylver, to be made at Andewarpe, generall of 
great plentie. Yet for all this, the duke of Brabant lefte thempyre of 
nat, but with great dyligence, sent often messangers to Almaygne. 
kyng Philyppe, as the lorde Loys of Travehen,^ his chefe ^ Crainhem. 
counsellour, with dyvers other, ever to excuse hym, for the 
whiche cause, this knight was oftentymes sent, and at the 
laste, abode styll in the Frenche court with the kyng, to 
thentent alwayes to excuse hym agaynst all informacions 
that myght be made of hym : the which knyght dyd all his 
devoyre in that behalfe. 


Howe kynge Edwarde and all his alyes dyd defye 
the Frenche kyng. 

THUS the wynter passed and somer c^ime, and the 
feest of saynt John Baptyst aproched : and the 
lordes of Englande and of Almayne aparelled 
themselfe to acomplyssh their enterprise ; and the Frenche 
kyng wrought as moch as he coiide to the contrary, for 
he knewe moch of their intentes. Kyng Edwarde made 
all his provisyon in Englande, and all his men of warr, to 
be redy to passe the see, incontynent after the feest of saynt 
John, and so they dyde. Than the kynge went to Vylle- 
nort, and there made his company to be lodged, as many 
as myght in the towne, and the other without, a long on 
the ryver syde, in tentes and pavylyons : and ther he taryed 
fro Maudelyn tyde tyll our lady day in Septembre, abyding 
wekely for the lordes of thempyre; and specially for the 
duke of Brabant, on whose commynge all the other abode. 
And whan the kyng of Englande sawe howe they came nat, 
he sent great messangers to eche of them, sommonyng them 
to come, as they had promysed, and to mete with hym at 
O 105 


CAP. XXXV Machlyn, on saynt Gyles day, and than to shewe hym 
Howekynge why they had taryed so long. Thus kyng Edwarde lay at 
Edwarde and Vyllenort,^ and kepte dayly at his cost and charge, well to 
H fi d f fh ^ norabre of xvi. hundred men of armes, all come fro 
TiVonnViaWno- thother syde of the see: and x. M. archers, besyde all other 
provysions ; the which was a marveylous great charge, besyde 

1 ViUevorde. ^^^ great rewardes that he had gyven to the lordes, and 

besyde the great armyes that he had on the see. The 
Frenche kynge, on his part, had set Genowayes, Normayns, 
Bretons, Pycardes, and Spanyardes, to be redy on the see, 
to entre into England, assone as the warr were opened. 
These lordes of Almayne, at the kyng of Englande somons, 
came to Machlyn, and with moche besynesse finally they 
acorded, that the kyng of Englande might well sette forwarde 
within XV. dayes after: and to thentent that their warr 
shuld be the more laudable, thei agreed to send theu' 
defyances to the French kyng : first, the kyng of England, 

2 Gueidres. the duke of Guerles,^ the marques of Jullers, sir Robert 
' Meissen. Dartoyse, sir John of Heynalt, the marques of Musse,^ the 
* Brandehourg. marques of Blanquebourc,^ the lorde of Faulquemont, sir 
5 WcUeran. Arnold of Baquehen, the archbysshop of Colayn, sir Galeas,^ 

his brother, and al other lordes of thempyre. These 
defyances were written and sealed by all the lordes, except 
the duke of Brabant, who sayd he wold do his dede by hym- 
selfe, at tyme convenyent. To here these defyances into 
Fraunce, was charged the bysshop of Lyncolne, who bare 
them to Parys, and dyd his message in suche maner, that he 
coude nat be reproched nor blamed ; and so he had a safe 
conduct to retourne agayne to his kyng, who was as than 
at Machlyne. 


How sir Water of Manny after the defyances 
declared, made the first journey into France. 

IN the firste weke that the Frenche kyng was thus 
defyed, sir Water Manny, assone as he knewe it, he 
gate to hym a xl. speres, and rode through Brabant, 
nyght and day, tyll he came into Heynalt, and entred into 
the wode of Blaton, as than nat knowing what he shulde 


do ; but he had shewed to some of them that were moost CAP. XXXVI 

privyest about hym, howe he had promysed before ladyes How sir 

and damoselles, or he came out of Englande, that he wolde Water of 

be the first that shulde entre into Fraunce, and to gete other ^^.nny after 

towne or castell, and to do some dedes of armes. And than decla d^"^^^ 

his entent was to ryde to Mortaigne, and to gete it if he made the first 

might, the which partayned thane to the realme of Fraunce ; journey into 

and soo rode and passed the wode of Blaton, and came in a France. 

mornynge before the sonne risyng to Mortaygne, and by 

adventure he founde the wycket of the gate opynne. Than 

he alyghtedde with his company and entred in, and dyd 

sette certayne of his company to kepe the gate, and so went 

into the hygh strete with his penon before hym, and came 

to the great towre, but the gate and wycket was fast closed. 

And whan the watch of the castell harde the brunt, and 

sawe them, he blewe his home, and cryed. Treason, treason. 

Than every man awoke and made them redy, and kept them- 

selfe styll within the castell. Than sir Water of Manny went 

backe agayne, and dyd set fyre in the strete joyninge to the 

castell, so that there were a threscore houses brent, and the 

people sore afrayed, for they wende all to have been taken. 

Than sir Water and his company rode backe, streight to 

Conde, and ther passed the ry ver of Hayne ; than they rode 

the way to Valencennes, and coosted on the ryght hande, 

and came to Denayne, and so went to the abbay, and soo 

passed forth towarde Bouhaigne,^ and dyd so moche, that ^ Bouchain. 

the captayne dyd let them passe thorough by the ryver. 

Than thei came to a strong castell, parteyning to the 

bysshoppe of Cambray, called the castell of Thyne,^ the^^^'^i'^'^kue- 

which sodenly they toke, and the captayne and his wyfe 

within. And the lorde Manny made a good garyson, and . 

set therin a brother of his, called sir Gyles Manny, who 

afterwarde dyd moche trouble to the cytie of Cambray, for 

the castell was within a leage of the towne. Than sir Water 

Manny retourned into Brabant, to the kynge his soveraygne 

lorde, whom he founde at Machlyne, and ther shewed hym 

all that he had done. 





How that after the sayd defyances made, the 
Frenchmen entred into England. 

A SSONE as kynge Phylyppe knewe that he was defyed 

i\ of the kyng of England and of his alyes, he 

X ^ reteyned men of warre on every syde ; and sent the 

^ Bavme. lord Galoys de la Bausyne,^ a good knyght of Savoy, 

into the cyte of Cambray, and made hym captayne ther, 
and vi^ith hym sir Thybalt de Marueyle, and the lorde of 
Roy ; so that they were, what of Savoy and of Fraunce, a 
ii. hundred speres. And kynge Philyppe sent and seased 
into his handes the countie of Pontyeu, the which the kyng 
of Englande had before, by reason of his mother : and also 
he sent to dyvers lordes of thempyre, as to therle of Heynalt 
his nevewe, to the duke of Lorrayne, therle of Bar, the 
bysshop of Metz, the bysshop of Liege, desyryng them that 
they wolde make no yvell purchase agaynst hym or his 
realme. The moost part of these lordes answered, howe 
they wolde do nothyng that shuld be agaynst hym ; and the 
erle of Heynalt wrote unto hym right courtesly, how that 
he wolde be redy alwayes to ayd hym and his realme agaynst 
all men : but seyng the kyng of England maketh his warre, 
as vycare and lyeutenaunt of thempyre, wherfore he said, 
he might nat refuse to hym his countrey nor his confort, 
bycause he helde part of his countrey of themperour. And 
assone as sir He we Quyriell, sir Peter Bahuchet, and Barbe 
Noyre, who lay and kept the streightes bytwene England 
and Fraunce with a great navy, knewe that the warre was 
opyn, they came on a Sonday, in the fore noone, to the 

« Southampton, havyn of Hampton,^ whyle the people were at masse ; and 
the Normayns, Pycardes, and Spanyerdes entred into the 
towne, and robbed and pilled the towne, and slewe dyvers, 
and defowled maydens, and enforced wyves, and charged 
their vessels with the pyllage, and so entred agayne into 
their shyppes. And whan the tyde came, they dysancred, 

3 Dieppe. and sayled to Normandy, and came to Depe,^ and there 

departed, and devyded their boty and pyllages. 




How kyng Edwarde besieged the cyte 
of Cambray. 

THE kyng of England departed fro Machelyne, and 
went to Brussels, and all his people past on by 
the towne. Than came to the kynge a xx. M. 
Almaynes, and the kynge sent and demaunded of the 
duke of Brabant, what was his entensyon, to go to 
Cambray, or els to leave it. The duke answered and sayed, 
that as sone as he knewe that he had besieged Cambray, he 
wolde come thyder with xii. hundred speres, of good men of 
warre. Than the kyng went to Nyvell, and there lay one 
nyght, and the nexte day to Mons, in Heynalt ; and there 
he founde the yong erle of Heynalt, who receyved him 
joyously. And ever sir Robert of Dartoyse was about the 
kyng, as one of his prive counsell, and a xvi. or xx. other 
great lordes and knightes of Englande, the which were ever 
about the kyng, for his honoure and estate, and to counsell 
hym in all his dedes. Also with hym was the bysshopp of 
Lyncolne, who was greatly renomed in this journey both 
in wysdome and in prowes. Thus thenglysshmen passed 
forth, and lodged abrode in the countrey, and founde 
provysion ynough before them for their money; howbeit 
some payed truly, and some nat. And whan the kyng had 
taryed two dayes at Mons in Heynalt, thane he went to 
Valencennes, and he and xii. with hym entred into the 
towne, and no mo persons. And thyder was come therle 
of Heynalt, and syr John his uncle, and the lorde of 
Faguynelles, the lorde of Verchyn, the lorde of Havreth, and 
dyvers other, who were about therle their lorde. And the 
kyng and therle went hand in hande to the great hall, 
which was redy aparelled to receyve them ; and as they went 
up the steares of the hall, the bysshoppe of Lyncolne, who 
was there present, spake out aloude, and sayd, Wyllyam, 
bysshoppe of Cambray, I admonysshe you as procurer to 
the kyng of England, vycare of thempyre of Rome, that ye 
opyn the gates of the cyte of Cambray, and if ye do nat, ye 





How kyng 
besieged the 
cyte of 

1 Salmi. 
^ Bakehem. 


shall forfayt your landes, and we woll entre by force. Ther 
was none that answered to that mater, for the bysshopp 
was nat there present. Than the bysshopp of Lyncolne 
sayd agayn, Erie of Heynault, we admonysshe you in the 
name of themperour, that ye come and serve the kyng of 
England, his vycare, before the cyte of Cambray, with suche 
nombre as ye ought to do. Therle who was ther present, 
sayd, With a right good wyll I am redy. So thus they 
entred into the hall, and therle ledde the kyng into his 
chambre, and anon the supper was redy. And the next day 
the king departed, and went to Aspre, and ther taryed ii. 
dayes, and sufFred all his men to passe forth ; and so than 
went to Cambray, and loged at Wys, and besieged the cyte 
of Cambray rounde about ; and dayly his power encreased. 
Thyder came the yong erle of Heynalt in great array, and 
syr John his uncle, and they lodged nere to the kyng, and 
the duke of Guerles, and his company, the marques of 
Musse, therle of Mons, the erle of Sauynes,^ the lorde of 
Falquemont, sir Arnolde of Bouquehen,^ with all thother 
lordes of thempyre, suche as were alyed with the kyng of 
Englande. And the sixt day after the siege layd, thyder 
came the duke of Brabant, with a ix. hundred speres, besyde 
other, and he lodged toward Ostrenan, on the ryver of 
Lescaut, and made a bridge over the water, to thentent to 
go fro the one boost to the other. And assone as he was 
come, he sent to defye the French e kyng, who was at 
Compyengne, wherof Loys of Travehen, who had alwayes 
before excused the duke, was so confused, that he wold no 
more returne agayne into Brabant, but dyed for sorowe 
in Fraunce. This sege durynge, ther were many skirmysshes ; 
and sir John of Heynalt, and the lorde of Falquemont, 
rode ever lightly togyder, and brent and wasted sore the 
countrey of Cambresys. And on a day, these lordes, with 
the nombre of v. C. speres, and a M. of other men of warr, 
came to the castell of Doisy, in Cambresys, pertayning to 
the lord of Coucy, and made ther a great assaut ; but they 
within dyd defende them so valyantly, that thei had no 
damage ; and so the sayd lordes retourned to their lodgynges. 
Therle of Heynalt and his company, on a Saturday, came to 
the gate towarde saynt Quyntines, and made ther a great 
110 • 


assaut. Ther was John Chandos, who was than but a squier, CAP. 
of whose prowes this boke speketh moch, he cast hymselfe XXXVIII 
bytwene the barrers and the gate, and fought valyantly with How kyng 
a squyer of Vermandoys called Johanne of saynt Dager ; ^ Edwarde 
ther was goodly feats of armes done bytwene them. And ^^^leged the 
so the Heynows conquered by force the baylles, and ther was Cambray. 
entred therle of Heynalt and his marshals, sir Gararde of ^ .. . . 
Verchyne, syr Henry Dantoyng, and other, who adventured 
them valyantly to advaunce their honour. And at an other 
gate, called the gate Robert, was the lord Beamonde, and the 
lorde of Falquemont, the lorde Danghyen, sir Wyllyam ^ of ^ sir Walter. 
Manny and their company s made ther a sore and hard 
assaute. But they of Cambray, and the soudyers set there 
by the French kyng, defended themselfe and the cyte so 
valyantly, that thassauters wan nothyng, but so retourned 
right wery and well beaten to their logynges. The yong 
erle of Namure came thyder to serve the yong erle of Hey- 
nalt by desyre, and he sayd he wolde be on their part as 
long as they were in thempyre ; but assone as they entred 
into the realme of Fraunce, he sayd, he wolde forsake them 
and go and serve the French kyng who had retayned hym. 
And in likewyse so was thentent of therle of Heynalt, for 
he had commaunded all his men on payne of dethe that 
none of them shulde do any thyng within the realme of 
Fraunce. In this season, whyle the kyng of England lay at 
siege byfore Cambray with xl. M. men of armes and greatly 
constrayned them by assautes, kyng Philyp made his somons 
at Peron, in Varmandoys. And the kyng of England 
counselled with sir Robert Dartoys, in whome he had great 
afFyance, demaundyng of hym whyther it were better for 
hym to entre into the realme of Fraunce, and to encounter 
his adversary, or els to abyde styll byfore Cambray, tyll he 
had won it biforce. The lordes of England and such other 
of his counsell sawe well howe the cyte was strong, and well 
furnysshed of men a warr, and vytels, and artylary, and that 
it shuld be long to abyde ther tyll they had wonne the cytie, 
wherof they were in no certentie ; and also they sawe well 
how that wynter aproched nere, and as yet had done no 
maner of entreprise, but lay at gret expence. Than they 
counselled the kynge to set forwarde into the realme, wher 





How kyng 
besieged the 
cjrte of 

1 Scheldt. 


as they might fynde more plentie of forage. This counsell 
was taken, and all the lordes ordayned to dyslodge, and 
trussed tentes, and pavylions, and all maner of harnes, and 
so departed, and rode towarde mount saynt Martyn, the 
which was at thentre of Fraunce. Thus they rode in good 
order, every lorde among his owne men : marshals of theng- 
lysshe hoost were therle of Northampton and Glocetter, 
and therle of SufFolke, and constable of Englande was the 
erle of Warwyke. And so they passed ther the ryver of 
Lescault,^ at their ease. And whan therle of Heynalt had 
acompanyed the kyng unto the departyng out of thempyre, 
and that he shuld passe the ryver, and entre into the realme 
of Fraunce, then he toke leave of the kyng, and sayd howe 
he wolde ryde no farther with hym at that tyme, for kyng 
Philyppe his uncle had sent for hym, and he wolde nat 
have his yvell wyll, but that he wold go and serve hym in 
Fraunce, as he had served the kyng of England in thempyre. 
So thus therle of Heynalt and therle of Namure and their 
companyes rode backe to Quesnoy. And therle of Heynalt 
gave the moost part of his company leave to depart, desyringe 
them to be redy whan he sende for them, for he sayd that 
shortly after he wolde go to kyng Philyppe his uncle. 


How kyng Edward made sir Henry of Flaunders 


ASSONE as kyng Edward had passed the ryver of 
/-% Lescaute and was entred into the realme of 
jL \^ Fraunce, he called to hym sir Henry of Flanders, 
who was as than a yong squier, and there he made hym 
knyght ; and gave hym yerely CC. li. sterlyng, sufficiently 
assigned hym in England. Than the kyng went and lodged 
in thabbey of mount saint Martyn, and ther taryed two 
dayes, and his people abrode in the countrey; and the duke 
of Brabant was lodged in thabbey of Vaucellez. 

Whan the French kyng, be3Tig at Compiengne, harde these 
tydynges, than he enformed his somones, and sent the erle 
of Ewe and of Gynes, his constable, to saynt Quyntines, to 




kepe the towne and fronters ther agaynst his ennemies, and CAP. XXXIX 
sent the lorde of Coucy into his owne contrey, and the How kyng 
lorde of Hem ^ to his ; and sent many men of armes to Guyse Edward made 
and to Rybemont, to Behayne ^ and the fortresses joynyng to ^f Henry of 
thentre of the realme ; and so went hymselfe towarde Peron. kn^^t^"^ 
In the meane season that kyng Edward lay at thabbey of 
mount saynt Martyn, his men ran abrode in the contrey ^ Ham. 
to Bapaume, and nere to Peron, and to saynt Quyntines. ^ Bohain. 
They founde the contrey plentyfull, for ther had ben no 
waar of a long season ; and so it fortuned that syr Henry 
of Flanders, to avance his body, and to encrease his honour, 
[went] on a day with other knyghtis, wherof sir John of Hey- 
nalt was chefe, and with hym the lorde of Falquemont, the 
lorde of Bergues, the lorde of Vaudresen, the lorde of Lens, 
and dyvers other, to the nombre of v. C ; and they avysed a 
towne therby called Honnecourt, wherin moch peple wer 
gadered on trust of the fortresses, and therin they had con- 
veyed all their goods ; and ther had ben syr Arnolde of 
Baquehen, and syr Wyllyam of Dunor,^ and their company, ' Duvmvoorde. 
but they attayned nothyng ther. Ther was at this Honny- 
court an abbot of great wysdome and hardynes, and he 
caused to be made without the towne a barrers overthwart 
the strete lyke a grate, nat past half a fote wyde every 
grate : and he made great provisyons of stones and quicke 
lyme, and men redy to defende the place. And these lordes, 
whan they came thyder, they lighted afote, and entred to 
the barrers with their glevys in their handes, and ther began 
a sore assaut, and they within valyantly defended themselfe. 
Ther was thabbot hymselfe, who receyved and gave many 
great strokes: ther was a ferse assaut; they within cast 
downe stones, peces of tymbre, pottes full of chalke, and 
dyd moche hurt to thassaylers. And syr Henry of Flanders, 
who helde his glayve in his handes, and gave therwith great 
strokes : at the last thabbot toke the gleve in his handes, 
and drewe it so to hym, that at last he set handes on syr 
Henres arme, and drewe it so sore, that he pulled out his 
arme at the barrers to the shulder, and helde hym at a 
great avauntage, for and the barrers had ben wyde ynough, 
he had drawen hym through ; but syr Henry wolde nat let 
his wepon go for savyng of his honour. Than thother 
P 118 




CAP. XXXIX knyghtis strake at thabbot, to rescue their felowe : so this 
How kyng wrastlyng endured a long space ; but fjnally the knyght 
Edward made was rescued, but his gleave abode with thabbot. And on a 
sir Henry of jg^^^ whan I wrot this boke, as I past by, I was shewed the 
gleave by the monkes ther, that kept it for a treasur. So 
this sayd day, Honny court was sore assay led, the which 
indured tyll it was nyght, and dyverse wer slayne and sore 
hurt. Syr Johann of Heynault lost there a knyght of 
Hollande, called sir Herment. Whan the Flemynges, 
Heynowes, Englysshmen, and Almaygnes sawe the fierce 
wylles of them within, and sawe howe they coulde gette 
nothynge there, withdrewe themselfe agaynst nyght. And 
the next day on the mornyng, the kyng departed fro mount 
saynt Martayn, commaundynge that no person shulde do 
any hurt to the abbey, the which commaundement was kept. 
And so than they entred into Vermandoys, and toke that 
day their lodgyng betymes on the mount saynt Quintyne, in 
good order of batayle ; and they of saynt Quyntines myght 
well se them ; howbeit they had no desyre to yssue out of 
their towne. The fore ryders came rynnynge to the barrers 
skyrmyshyng, and the boost taryed styll on the mount tyll 
the next day. Than the lordes toke counsell what way they 
shulde drawe, and by thadvyce of the duke of Brabant, they 
toke the way to Thyerasse,^ for that way their provisyon 
came dayly to them, and were determyned, that if kyng 
Phylyppe dyd folowe them, as they supposed he wolde do, 
that than they wolde abyde hym in the playne felde, and 
gyve hym batayle. Thus they went forthe in thre great 
batayls : the marshalles and the Almaygnes had the first, 
the kynge of Englande in the myddle warde, and the duke 
of Brabant in the rerewarde. Thus they rodde forthe, 
brennynge and pyllynge the countrey, a thre or foure 
leages a day, and ever toke their logynge betymes. And a 
company of Englysshmen and Almaygnes passed the ryver 
of Somme by the abbey of Vermans, and wasted the countrey 
al about ; another company, wherof sir Johann of Heynalt, 
the lorde Faulquemont, and sir Arnold of Bacquehen were 
chefe, rode to Origny saynt Benoyste, a good towne, but it 
was but easely closed : incontynent it was taken by assaut 
and robbed, and an abbey of ladyes vyolated, and the towne 

1 Thierache. 


brent. Than they departed and rode towarde Guys and CAP. XXXIX 
Rybemont, and the kynge of Englande lodged at Vehories, How kyng 
and ther taryed a day, and his men ranne abrode and Edward made 
dystroyed the countrey. Than the kynge toke the way to !Jr Henry of 
the Flammengerie, to come to Lesche,^ in Thyerasse ; and knyeht. 
the marshals, and the bysshoppe of Lyncolne, with a fyve 
hunderd speres, passed the ryver of Trysague, and entred ^^^"''^• 
into Laonnoys, towarde the lande of the lorde of Coucy, and 
brent saynt Gouven,^ and the towne of Marie, and on a nyght ^ Saint-Gobain. 
lodgedde in the valley besyde Laon : and the nexte day they 
drewe agayne to their boost, for they knewe by some of their 
prisoners that the Frenche kyng was come to saynt Quyntines, 
with a C. thousand men, and there to passe the ryver of 
Somme. So these lordes in their retournynge brent a good 
towne called Crecy, and dyverse other townes and hamelettes 
ther about. 

Now let us speke of syr John of Heynalt and his company, 
who were a fyve hundred speres. He came to Guys, and 
brent all the towne, and bette downe the mylles ; and within 
the fortresses was the lady Jane, his owne doughter, wyfe to 
therle of Bloys, called Lewes : she desyred her father to 
spare therytage of the erle, his son in lawe : but for all that, 
sir John of Heynalt wolde nat spare his enterprise ; and so 
than he retourned aga3ntie to the kyng, who was lodged in 
thabbey of Samaques ; ^ and ever his peple ran over the » Fervaques. 
countrey. And the lorde of Falquemont, with a C. speres, 
came to Lonnion, in Thyerasse, a great towne, and the men 
of the towne were fled into a great wood, and had all their 
goodes with them, and had fortifyed the wood with fellyng 
of tymbre about them. The Almayns rode thyder, and there 
mette with them. Sir Arnolde of Baquehen, and his company, 
and so ther they assayled them in the wood, who defendyd 
them as well as they might : but finally, they were conquered 
and put to flight ; and ther wer slayne and sore hurt mo 
than xl. and lost all that they had. Thus the contrey was 
over ryden, for they dyd what they lyst. 




Howe the kyng of Englande, and the French kyng 
toke day of journey to fight togyder. 

THE kyng of Englande departed fro Sarnaques, and 
went to Muttrell,^ and ther lodged a nyght, and 
the next day he went to the Flamengery, and made 
all his men to loge nere about hym, wherof he had mo 
than xl. thousande, and there he was counselled to abyde 
kyng Philyppe, and to fyght with hym. The French kyng 
departed fro saynt Quyntines, and dayly men came to hym 
fro all partes, and so came to Vyronfosse. There the kyng 
taryed, and sayd howe he wold nat go thens, tyll he had 
fought with the kynge of Englande, and with his alyes, 
sejoig they were within two leages toguyther. And whan 
therle of Heynalt, who was at Quesnoy, redy purveyed of 
men a warr, knewe that the Frenche kyng was at Vyronfosse, 
thynkyng there to gyve batayle to thenglysshmen, he rode 
forthe tyll he came to the French boost, with v. C. speres, 
and presented hymselfe to the kyng, his uncle, who made 
hym but small cher, bycause he had ben with his adversary 
before Cambray. Howe be it the erle excused hymselfe so 
sagely, that the kynge and his counsayle were well content. 
And it was ordayned by the marshals, that is to say by the 
marshall Bertrame, and by the marshall of Try, that the 
erle shulde be lodged next the Englysshe boost. 

Thus these two kynges were lodged bytwene Vyronfosse 
and Flamengery, in the playne feldes without any advauntage. 
I thynke ther was never sene before so goodly an assemble 
of noble men togyder, as was there. Whanne the kynge of 
England beyng in the chapell of Thyerasse, knewe how that 
king Philyppe was within two leages, than he called the 
lordes of his host togyder, and demaunded of them what he 
shulde do, his honour saved, for he sayd that his entencyon 
was to gyve batayle. Than the lordes behelde eche other, 
and they desyredde the duke of Brabant to shewe first his 
entent. The duke said, that he was of the accorde that they 
shulde gyve batayle, for otherwyse, he sayd, they coude nat 




depart, savyng their honours : wherfore he coiinsayled that CAP. XL 

they shulde sende harauldes to the Frenche kyng, to demaunde Howe the 

a day of batayle. Than an haraulde of the duke of Guerles,^ kyng of Eng- 

who coude well the langage of Frenche, was enformed what ^"^e, and the 

he shuld say, and so he rode tyll he came into the Frenche to^ke^day of ^ 

hoost. And than he drewe hym to kynge Philyppe, and to journey to 

his counsaile, and sayd, Syr, the kynge of Englande is in the fight togyder. 

felde, and desyreth to have batell, power agaynst power. 

The whiche thyng kyng Philyppe graunted, and toke the 

day, the Friday next after : and as than it was Wednisday. 

And so the haraude retourned, well rewarded with good 

furred gownes, gyven hym by the French kyng, and other 

lordes, bycause of the tidynges that he brought. So thus 

the journey was agreed, and knowledge was made therof to 

all the lordes of bothe the hoostes, and so every man made 

hym redy to the matter. The Thursday in the mornyng 

there were two knyghtes of therle of Heynaultes, the lorde 

Sanguinelles,^ and the lorde of Tupeney ; they mounted on ^ Fagmlie. 

their horses, and they two all onely departed fro the Frenche 

hoost, and rode to aviewe the Englyssh hoost. So they 

rode costyng the hoost, and it fortuned that the lorde of 

Sanguynelles horse toke the bridell in the tethe, in suche 

wyse, that his maister coud nat rule hym ; and so whyther 

he wolde or nat, the horse brought hym into thenglysshe 

hoost, and there he fell in the handes of the Almaynes, who 

perceyved well that he was none of their company, and set 

on hym, and toke hym and his horse ; and so he was prisoner 

to a fyve or sixe gentylmen of Almayne: and anone they 

set hym to his raunsome. And whan they understode that 

he was a Haynowe, they demaunded of hym if he knewe 

syr John of Heynalt, and he answered Yes, and desyred them 

for the love of God to bring hym to his presens, for he knewe 

well that he wolde quyte hym his raunsome ; therof were 

the Almaygns joyous, and so brought hym to the lorde 

Beaumounde, who incontynent dyde pledge hym out fro his 

maisters handes : and the lorde of Sanguynelles retourned 

agayne to therle of Heynalt, and he had his horse agayne, 

delyvered hym at the request of the lorde Beamond. Thus 

passed that day, and none other thynge done that ought to 

be remembered. 




How these kynges ordayned their batayls 
at Vyronfosse. 


HAN the Friday came in the momyng, both 
hoostes aparelled themselfe redy, and every lorde 
harde masse among their owne companyes, and 
dyvers war shriven. 

First we woll speke of thorder of thenglysshmen, who 
drewe them forwarde into the felde, and made iii. batels a 
fote, and dyd put all their horses, and bagages, into a lytell 
wood behynde them, and fortefyed it. The first batell, 
ledde the duke of Guerles, the marques of Nusse, the 
marques of Blaquebourc, sir John of Heynalt, therle of 
Mons, therle of Sauynes, the lorde of Faulquemont, sir 
Guyllam du Fort, sir Arnolde of Baquehen, and the 
Almayns : and amonge them was xxii. banners, and Ix. 
penons in the hole, and viii. M. men. The seconde batayle 
had the duke of Brabant, and the lordes and knyghtes of his 

1 Cuyk. countrey ; first, the lorde of Kusse,^ the lorde Bergues, the 

2 Breda. lorde of Bredangh,^ the lorde of Rodes, the lorde of Vauce- 

lare, the lorde of Borgnyvall, the lorde of Stonnevort, the 
lorde of Wyten, the lorde of Elka, the lorde of Cassebegne, 
the lorde of Duffle, syr Thyrre of Valcourt, syr Basse of the 
Grez, syr John of Cassebegne, syr John Filyfe, syr Gyles of 
Coterebe, syr Water of Hotebergue, the thre bretherne of 
Harlebecque, syr Henry of Flaunders, and dyverse other 
barownes, and knyghtes, of Flanders, who were all under the 
duke of Brabrantes baner : as the lorde of Hallayne, the 
lorde of Guyten, sir Hector Vyllains, sir John of Rodes, syr 
Valflart of Guystell, syr Wyllyam of Strates, syr Goswin 
de la Mule, and many other; the duke of Brabant had a 
xxiiii. baners, and Ixxx. penons, and in all a vii. M. men. 
The iii. bataile, and the grettest, had the kyng of Englande, 
and with hym his cosyn therle of Derby, the bysshoppe of 
Lyncolne, the bysshopp of Durame, therle of Salysbury, the 
erle of Northamton and of Glocetter, therle of Suffolke, sir 
Robert Dartoyse, as than called erle of Rychmont, the lorde 


Ra)nQolde Cobham, the lorde Persy, the lorde Roose, the CAP. XLI 
lord Montbray/ sir Lewes and sir John Beauchampe, the How these 
lorde Dalawarr, the lorde of Laucome,^ the lorde Basset, kynges or- 
the lorde Fitzwater, sir Water Manny, sir Hewe Hastynges, ^ayned their 
sir John Lyle, and dyvers other that I can nat name : among Vvronf **e 
other was syr John Chandos, of whom moche honour is 
spoken in this boke. The kyng had with hym xxviii. baners, ] ^^^"'V- 
and Ixxxx. penons, and in his batayle a vi. M. men of armes, ^*'^'<^- 
and vi. M. archers ; and he had set an other batell, as in a 
wyng, wherof therle of Warwyke, therle of Penbroke, the 
lorde Barkley, the lorde Multon, and dy verse other were as 
cheyfe, and they wer on horsbacke. Thus whane every lorde 
was under his banner, as it was commaunded by the marshals, 
the kynge of England mounted on a palfray, acompanyed 
all onely with sir Robert Dartoyse, sir Raynolde Cobham, 
and syr Water of Manny, and rode along before all his 
batels, and right swetely desyred all his lordes and other, 
that they wolde that day ayde to defende his honoure. And 
they all promysed hym so to do. Than he returned to his 
owne batell, and set every thing in good order, and com- 
maunded that non shuld go before the marshals baners. 

Nowe let us speke of the lordes of Fraunce, what they 
dyd. They were xi. score baners, iiii, kynges, vi. dukes, 
xxvi. erles, and mo than iiii. M. knyghtes, and of the com- 
mons of Fraunce mo than Ix. M. The kynges that were 
ther with kyng Philyppe of Valoys, was the kyng of Behayne, 
the kyng of Naverr, and kyng Davyd of Scotland ; the duke 
of Normandy, the duke of Bretayne, the duke of Burbon, 
the duke of Lorrayne, and the duke of Athenes ; of erles : 
therle of Alanson, brother to the kyng, the erle of Flaunders, 
therle of Heynalt, the erle of Bloys, therle of Bare, therle 
of Forestes, therle of Foyz, therle of Armynacke, the erle 
Dophyn of Auvergne, therle of Longvyle,® therle of Stampes, ' JoinvUle. 
therle of Vandosme, therle of Harrecourt, therle of saynt 
Pol, therle of Guynes, therle of Bowlongue, therle of 
Roussy, therle of Dampmartyn, therle of Valentynois, therle 
of Aucer,* therle of Sancerre, therle of Genve,^ the erle of * Auxerre. 
Dreux, and of Gascongne and of Languedoc so many ^ Geneva. 
erles and vycuntes, that it were long to reherse : it was a 
great beauty to beholde the baners and standerdes wavyng 



CAP. XLI in the wynde, and horses barded, and knyghtes and squyers 

How these richely armed. The Frechemen ordayned thre great batayls, 

kynges or- in eche of them fyftene thousand men of armes, and xx. M. 

dayned their ^en a fote. 
batayls at 
Vyronfosse. CAP. XL II 

Howe these two kynges departed fro Vironfosse 
without batayle. 

IT might well be marveyledde howe so goodly a sight of 
men of warr, so nere togyder, shulde depart without 
batayle. But the Frenchmen were nat all of one 
acorde ; they were of dyvers opynyons ; some sayed it were 
a great shame and they fought nat, seyng their ennemys so 
nere them in their owne countre, raynged in the felde, and 
also had promysed to fyght with them : and some other 
sayd it shulde be a great folly to fyght, for it was harde to 
knowe every mannes mynde, and jeopardy of treason : for 
they sayd, if fortune were contrary to their kyng as to lese 
the felde, he than shuld put all his hole realme in a jeopardy 
to be lost ; and though he dyd dysconfet his ennemes, yet 
for all that, he shuld be never the nerer of the realme of 
Englande, nor of such landes parteynyng to any of those 
lordes that be with hym alyed. Thus in strivyng of dyvers 
opynions, the day past tyll it was past noone; and than 
sodenly ther started an hare among the Frenchmen; and 
suche as sawe her cryed and made gret bruit, wherby suche 
as were behynde thought they before had ben fightynge, 
and so put on their helmes, and toke their speres in their 
handes. And so ther were made dyvers newe knyghtes, and 
specially therle of Heynalt made xiiii. who wer ever after 
called knyghtes of the hare. Thus that batell stode styll 
all that Friday ; and besyde this stryfe bytwene the counsel- 
lours of France, ther was brought in letters to the boost of 
recommendacion to the Frenche kyng and to his counsel), 
fro kyng Robert of Cicyle, the which kyng, as it was sayd, 
was a great astronomyer, and full of great science. He had 
often tymes sought his bokes on thestate of the kynges of 
England and of France ; and he founde by his astrology, and 
by thenfluens of the hevens, that if the French kyng ever 


fought with kyng Edwarde of England, he shuld be dis- CAP. XLII 

comfited : wherfore he lyke a king of gret wysdome, and as Howe these 

he that doubted the peryll of the Frenche kyng his cosyn, two kynges 

sent often tymes letters to king Philyppe and to his coun- ^^parted fro 

sayle, that in no wyse he shulde make any batayle agaynst without^^^ 

thenglysshmen, where as kyng Edwarde was personally pre- batayle. 

sent. So that what for dout and for such writyng fro the 

kyng of Cecyle, dyvers of the great lordes of Fraunce were 

sore abasshed: and also kynge Philyppe was enfourmed 

therof. Howe be it, yet he ihad great wyll to gyve batayle ; 

but he was so counselled to the contrary, that the day 

passed without batell, and every man withdrue to their 

lodgynges. And whan the erle of Heynalt sawe that they 

shulde nat fight, he departed withall his hole company, and 

went backe the same nyght to Quesnoy. And the kyng of 

Englande, the duke of Brabant, and all the other lordes 

retourned and trussed all their bagagis, and went the same 

nyght to Davesnes, in Heynalt. And the next day they 

toke leave eche of other ; and the Almayns and Brabances 

departed, and the kynge went into Brabant with the duke 

his cosyn. The same Friday that the batell shulde have ben, 

the French kynge, whan he came to his lodgyng, he was sore 

dyspleased, bycause he departed without batayle. But they 

of his counsayle sayd, howe right nobly he had borne hym- 

selfe, for he had valyantly pursued his ennemies, and had 

done so moche that he had put them out of his realme ; and 

how that the kyng of Englande shulde make many such 

vyages, or he conquered the realme of Fraunce. The next 

day kyng Philyppe gave lycence to all maner of men to 

depart, and he thanked right courtesly the gret lordes, of 

their ayde and socour. Thus ended this great journey, and 

every man went to their owne. The Frenche kynge went to 

saynt Omers, and sent men of warre to his garysons, and 

specially to Tourney, to Lysle, and to Doway, and to the 

other townes marchyng on thempyre ; he sent to Tourney 

syr Godmart Dufay, and made hym captayne there, and 

regent of that countrey ther about ; and he sent syr Edwarde 

of Beaugewe to Mortayne ; and whan he had ordred part of 

his besynes, than he drewe towarde Parys. 




How kyng Edwarde toke on hym to here the 

armes of Fraunce, and the name to be called 

kyng therof. 

HAN that kynge Edwarde was departed fro the 
Flamengery and came into Brabant, and went 
streight to Brussels, the duke of Guerles, the 
duke of JuUers, the marques of Blanquebourc, the erle 
of Mons, syr John of Haynalt, the lorde of Faulque- 
mont, and all the lordes of thempyre, suche as had ben at 
that journay, brought hym thyder to take advyce and 
counsell what shulde be done more in the mater that they 
had be gone. And to have expedycion in the cause, they 
ordayned a parlyament to be holden at the towne of Brussels ; 
and thyder to come was desyred Jaques Dartvell, of Gaunt, 
who came thyder with a great company, and al the counsels 
of the good townes of Flaunders. Ther the kyng of England 
was sore desyred of all his alyes of thempyre, that he shulde 
requyre them of Flanders to ayde and to mentayne his warr, 
and to defy the French kyng, and to go with him wher as he 
wolde have them ; and in their so doyng, he to promyse 

1 lAUe them to recover the Isle,^ Doway and Bethayne.^ This 

2 Bethwie. request was well hard of the Flemynges ; and therupon they 

desyred to take counsell among themselfe ; and so they toke 
counsell at good leaser : and than they sayd to the kyng, 
Syr, or this tyme ye have made to us request in this behalfe : 
syr, if we myght well doo this, savyng your honour, and to 
save ourselfe, we wolde gladly do this; but, syr, we be 
bounde by faith and othe, and on the somme of two myllyons 
of floreyns in the popes chaumbre, that we may make nor 
move no warre agaynst the kynge of Fraunce, whosoever it 
be, on payne to lose the sayd somme, and besyde that, to 
ryn in the sentence of cursyng ; but, syr, if ye wyll take on 
you the armes of Fraunce, and quarter them with the armes 
of Englande, and call your selfe kyng of Fraunce, as ye 
ought to be of ryght, than we woU take you for rightfull 
kyng of Fraunce, and demaunde of you quytance of our 


bondes : and so ye to gyve us pardon therof as king of CAP. XLIII 

France ; by this meanes we shal be assured and dyspensed How kyng 

withall ; and so than we wyll go with you whyder soever ye Edwarde toke 

wyll have us. Than the kyng toke counsell, for he thought ?^ ^y™ *° 

it was a sore matter to take on hym the armes of France armes of 

and the name, and as than had conquered nothing therof, Fraunce. 

nor coud nat tell what shuld fall therof, nor whyder he 

shuld conquere it or nat : and on thother syde, loth he was 

to refuse the confort and ayde of the Flemynges, who myght 

do hym more ayde than any other. So the kyng toke 

counsell of the lordis of thempyre, and of the lorde Robert 

Dartoyse, and with other of his specyall frendes ; so that 

finally the good and the yvell wayed. He answered to the 

Flemmynges, that if they wolde swere and scale to this 

accorde, and to promyse to menta)Tie his warre, howe he 

wolde do all this with a good wyll, and promysed to gette 

them agayne Lyle, Doway, and Bethayn : and all they 

answered howe they were content. Than there was a day 

assigned to mete at Gaunt, at which day the kynge was 

there, and the moost part of the sayd lordes and all the 

counsayls generally in Flaunders. And so than, all this 

sayd maters were rehersed, sworne, and sealed : and the king 

quartred the armes of Fraunce with Englande : and from 

thens forthe toke on hym the name of the kynge of Fraunce, 

and so contynued tyll he lefte it agayne by composicyon, as 

ye shall here after in this boke. And so at this counsayle 

they determyned that the next somer after, they wold make 

great warre into Fraunce, promysing to besiege the cytie of 

Tourney; wherof the Flemmynges were joyfull, for thei 

thought to be strong ynough to gete it; and that ones 

goten, they beleved shortly after to wynne agayne Lysle, 

Doway, and Bethayne, with thappurtenaunces partayning 

or holden of therle of Flaunders. 

Thus every man departed and went home : the kynge of 
Englande went to Andwarpe, and the queue abode styll at 
Gaunt, and was often tymes vysited by Jaques Dartvell, and 
by other lordes, ladyes, and damosels of Gaunt. The kyng 
left in Flaunders therle of Salysbury, and therle of SufFolke ; 
they went to Ipre, and ther kept a great garyson, and made 
sore warre agaynst them of Lysle, and thereabout. And 



CAP. XLIII whan the kynges shyppes were redy, he toke the see, and so 
How kyng sayled into Englande, and came to London about the feest 
Edwarde toke of saynt Andrewe, where he was honourably receyved. And 
h^ ^ t^ *° ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ complayntes made hym of the dystruction of 
armes of Hampton : and he sayd that he trusted or a yere lenger that 
Fraunce. it shulde be well revenged. 


3 Ghimay. 


How the Frenchmen brent in the landes of 
syr John of Heynault. 

NOWE lette us speke of kyng Philyppe, who greatly 
fortifyed his navy that he hadde on the see, wherof 
syr Kiry,^ Bahuchet, and Barbe Noyre were cap- 
tayns ; and thei had under them a great retynue of Geno- 
wayes, Normayns, Bretons, and Pycardes. They dyd that 
wynter great damage to the realme of Englande : somtyme 
they came to Dover, Sandwyche, Wynchelse, Hastynges, 
and Rye, and dyd moche sorowe to thenglysshe men, for 
they were a great nombre as a xl. M. men. Ther was none 
that coude yssue out of Englande, but they were robbed, 
taken, or slayne ; so they wan great pyllage, and specially 
they wan a great shyppe called the Christofer, laden with 
wolles, as she was goyng into Flaunders, the which shyppe 
had coost the kynge of Englande moch money ; and all they 
that were taken within the shyppe were slayne and drowned : 
of the which conquest the Frenchmen were ryght joyeouse. 
The Frenche kyng than sent and wrote to the lorde of 
Beamont, the lorde of Breme, to the Vidame of Chalon, the 
lorde John de la Boue, the lorde John and Gararde of Loyre, 
that they shulde make an array, and to ryde into the landis 
of syr John of Heynalt, and to burne and dystroy there 
asmoche as they might. They obeyd, and gathered togyder 
to the nombre of v. C. speres ; and so in a mornynge they 
came before the towne of Simay,^ and gathered togyder there 
a gret pray ; for they of the countrey thought that the 
Frenchmen wolde nat a come so farre, nor to have passed the 
wode of Thyrach. So the Frenchmen burnt the subarbes of 
Simay, and dyverse other vyllages there about, nygh all the 


lande of Simay, except the fortresses ; than they went to CAP. XLIIII 
Aubenton, in Thyerach, and ther devyded their boty. In How the 
the same season the soudyours of Cambray came to a lytell Frenchmen 
strong house without Cambray, called Relenques, pertayning j ^?* m the 
to syr John of Haynalt : and a bastarde sonne of his kept gyr jojjn <,£ 
the house, with a xv. soudyours with hym ; so they were Heynault. 
assayled a hole day togyder, and the dykes were so frosen, 
that a man might well come to the walles; and so they 
within trussed all that they had, and about mydnight 
departed, and set fyre themselfe on the house. The next day, 
whan they of Cambray came thyder agayne, and sawe howe 
it was brent, they dyd bete downe all that stode ; and the 
capitayne of the house and his company went to Valencennes. 
Ye have well harde by fore howe sir Gualter of Manny toke 
the castell of Thyne, and set therin a brother of his, called 
Gyles of Manny : he made many skirmysshes with them of 
Cambray, and dyd them moch trouble. And so it hapened 
on a day, that he went fro his garyson with a sixscore men 
of armes, and came to the barrers of Cambray ; and the 
brunt was so great, that many armed them within the cyte, 
and came to the gate wher as the skirmyssh was ; wher as 
sir Gyles had put backe them of Cambray. Than they yssued 
out, and among the Cambreses ther was a yong squyer, a 
Gascoyne, called Wyllyam Marchant, who went out into the 
felde well horsed, his shelde about his necke, and his spere 
in his hande. And whan sir Gyles of Manny sawe him, he 
rode fiersly to hym ; and ther sir Gyles was stryken through 
all his harnes to the hert, so that the spere went clene 
through his body, and so he fell to the erth. Than ther 
was a fyers skirmysshe, and many stryken downe on bothe 
partes ; but finally they of Cambray obtayned the place, and 
drewe away their ennemies, and toke with them sir Gyles of 
Manny, hurt as he was, and so brought hym to Cambray 
with great joye. Than incontynent they dysarmed hym, 
and dyd gette surgions to dresse his wound, for they wold 
gladly that he might escaped ; but he dyed the next day 
after. Than thei determyned to send his body to his two 
bretherne, John and Tyrrey, who were in the garyson at 
Bouhayne,^ in Ostrenant ; ^ for though that the countrey of ' Bouchain. 
Heinalt at that tyme was in no warr, yet all the fronters " ^«^^^<^^- 





How the 
brent in the 
landes of 
syr John of 

CAP. XLIIII towarde Fraunce were ever in good awayt. So than they 
ordayned a horse lytter right honorably, and put his body 
therin, and caused ii. freres to convey it to his bretherne, 
who receyved hym with great sorowe. And they bare hym 
to the freres at Valencennes, and there he was buryed : and 
after that the two bretherne of Manny came to the castell 
of Thyne, and made sore warre agaynst them of Cambray, 
in countervengyng the dethe of their brother. 

In this season, captayne of Turney and Tumeyses was sir 
Godmar de Fay, and of the fortresses there about : and the 
lorde of Beauyeu was within Mortayn, on the ryver of Le- 
scaute ; and the stuarde of Carcassonne was in the towne of 
saynt Amande ; sir Amery of Poyters in Douay ; the lorde 
Galois de la Baulme, and the lorde of Vyllars, the Marshall 
of Myrepoys, and the lorde of Marueyl, in the cyte of Cam- 
bray. And these knyghtes, squyers, and soudyers of France 
desyred none other thyng but that they myght entre into 
Heynault, and to robbe and pyll the countrey. Also the 
bysshoppe of Cambray, who was at Parys with the kyng, 
complayned howe the Heynowes had done hym domage, 
brent and overron his contrey more than any other men. 
And than the kyng gave lycence to the soudiers of Cam- 
bresys to make a rode into Heynalt : than they of the 
garysons made a journey, and were to the nombre of vi. C. 
men of armes. And on a Saturday in the mornyng they 
departed from Cambray ; and also they of la Male Mayson 
rode forth the same day, and mette togyder, and went to 
the towne of Aspre, the which was a good towne and a 
great, without the walles. The people ther were in no 
dout, for they knewe of no warr towardes them. So the 
Frenchmen entred, and founde men and women in their 
houses, and toke them and robbed the towne at their 
pleasur, and than sette fyre in the towne, and brent it so 
clene, that nothynge remayned but the walles. Within the 
towne ther was a priory of blacke monkis, with great byld- 
inges besyde the church, which helde of saynt Wast of Arras ; 
the Frenchemen also robbed the place, and brent it to the 
yerth, and withall their pyllage they retourned to Cambray. 
These tidynges anone came to the knowledge of therle of 
Heynault, who was a bedde and a slepe in his lodgyng, 


called the Sale : and sodenly he rose and armed hym, and CAP. XLIIII 
called up all such knyghtes as were about hym; but they How the 
were loged so abrode that they were nat so scone redy as Frenchmen 
therle was, who, without taryeng for any person, came into ?^®^* in the 
the market place of Valencennes, and caused the belles to be gtr John of 
souned alaram. Than every man arose, and armed them, Heynault. 
and folowed therle their lord, who was ryden out of the 
towne in great hast, and toke the way towarde Aspre : and 
by that tyme he had ryden a leage, tidyngis came to hym 
howe the Frenchmen were departed. Than he rode to thabby 
of Fountnels, where as the lady his mother was ; and she 
had moche a do to repayse hym of his dyspleasure, for he 
sayd playnly that the dystniction of Aspre shuld derely be 
revenged in the realme of Fraunce. The good lady his 
mother dyd as moche as she coude to swage his yre, and to 
excuse the kynge of that dede. So whan therle had ben 
ther a certayne space, he toke leave of her, and retourned to 
Valencennes ; and incontynent wrote letters to the prelates 
and knyghtis of his countrey to have their advyce and coun- 
sayle in that behalfe. And whan sir John of Heynalt knewe 
herof, he toke his horse, and came to therle his nephue : and 
as sone as the erle sawe hym, he sayd, A fayre uncle, your 
absence hath sette the Frenchmen in a pride ; A sir, quoth 
he, with your trouble and anoyance I am sore dyspleased : 
howe be it in a maner I am glad thereof; now ye be well 
rewarded for the servyce and love that ye have borne to the 
Frenchmen ; nowe it behoveth you to make a journey into 
Fraunce agaynst the Frenchmen. A uncle, quoth therle, loke 
into what quarter ye thynke best, and it shall be shortly 
done. So thus the day of parlyament assigned at Mons 
came, and thyder resorted all the counsayle of the countrey, 
and also of Holande and Zelande. Ther were dyvers opyn- 
yons ; some wolde that certayne sufficyent persons shulde be 
sent to the French kyng, to knowe if he were consentyng to 
the hurt done in Henalt, or by what tytle he shulde make 
warre into the erles lande, without any defiaunce ; and some 
other wold that therle shulde be revenged, in lyke maner as 
the Frenchmen had begon. Howbeit, finally all reasons 
debated, it was thought that therle coude do no otherwyse 
but to make warr into Fraunce. And it was ordayned, that 




How the 
brent in the 
landes of 
syr John of 

1 Chimay. 

2 Vermns. 


therle shulde make his defyaunce to the Frenche kyng, and 
than to entre byforce into the realme of France; and to 
here these defyances was ordayned thabbot Thybalt of 
saynt Crispyne. So than the letters of defyance were written 
and sealed by therle, and by all the nobles of the contrey. 
Than therle thanked all his lordes and other of their good 
confort, and of their promyse to ayde to revenge him agaynst 
the Frenchmen. Thabbot of saynt Crispyne came into 
Fraunce, and brought these defyances to kyng Philyppe, 
who made light therof, and sayd how his nephue was but an 
outraous fole, and howe that he was a marchant to have his 
contrey brent. Thabbot returned to therle, and to his 
counsayle, and shewed howe he had sped : and than therle 
prepared for men of warre in his contrey, and in Brabant, 
and in Flanders, so that he had a great nombre togyder : 
and so set forwarde, towarde the lande of Symay,^ for therles 
intent was to go and brenne the landes of the lorde of 
Bremus,^ and also Aubenton, and Thyerache. 


Howe therle of Heynault toke and distroyed 
Aubenton, and Thyerach. 

THEY of Aubenton douted greatly therle of Hey- 
nalt, and sir John his uncle ; and so they sent for 
some ayde to the great bayley of Vermandoys, and 
he sent to them the vydam of Chalons, the lorde Beaumont, 
the lorde de la Bove, the lorde of Lore, and dyvers other, 
to the nombre of CCC. men of armes ; and so they repayred 
the towne in certayne places, and determyned to abyde the 
Heynowes, and to defende the towne, the which was a gret 
towne and full of drapery. The Heynowes cam on a Friday, 
and lodged nere to Aubenton, and advysed the towne, to se 
on what quarter it were moost best to be taken ; and in the 
mornyng, they aproched in thre wardes, their baners before 
them, right ordynatly, and also their cros bowes. The erle 
of Heynalt ledde the first batayle, and with hym great 
nombre of the knyghtes, and squiers, of his countrey ; his 
uncle, sir John of Heynalt, had the seconde batayle, wher 


as he had plenty of men a warr ; the thyrde had the lorde (^AP. XLV 
Faulquemont, with a good nombre of Almaynes. And so thus Howe therle 
every lorde was under his owne baner ; and there beganne of Heynault 
a sore assaut, and the bowes began to shote both within d^gt^oved 
and without, wherby dyvers were sore hurt : therle and his Aubenton 
company came to the gate, ther was a great assaut, and a andThyerach. 
sore skirmysshe ; ther the Vydame of Galons dyd marveyles, 
and he made at the gate thre of his sonnes knyghtes. But 
finally, therle and his company conquered the baylies, and 
byforce made their ennemies to withdrawe into the gate. 
And also at the gate towarde Symay, was sir John la Bove, 
and sir John Beamont ; ther was also a cruell assaut ; they 
with in wer fayne to withdrawe in at their gates, and to 
leave the barrers, and the Heynows wan it, and the brige 
also. Ther was a sore assaut, for suche as were fledde and 
entred within, went up on the gate, and cast downe barres 
of yron, stones, pottes full of quycke lyme, wherby many 
were sore hurt. A squyer of Henalt receyved suche a stroke 
with a stone, on his targe, that it was clovyn clene asonder 
with the stroke, and his arme broken, so that it was long 
after or he was hole. The Saturday in the mornynge, ther 
was a great assaut, and they within dyd their dever to 
defende themselfe ; but finally, the towne was wonne byforce, 
and their pales and defences broken. And first entred into 
the towne, sir John of Heynalt with his baner, with great 
cryeng and showtyng ; than the Vydame of Chalons with- 
drewe hym and his company into the place before the 
mynster, and there made semblant to defende hymselfe as 
long as he myght endure. But the lorde of Bremus ^ de- ^ Vervins. 
parted without order, for he knewe well that sir John of 
Heynalt was sore displeased with him, so that he thought if 
he had ben taken, that no raunsome shulde have saved his 
lyfe. And whan sir John of Heynalt knewe that he was 
departed, that had done so moche dyspleasure in his lande 
of Symay, he pursued after hym : but the lorde of Bremus 
fledde fast, and founde the gate of his towne opyn, and so 
entred in, and syr Johanne of Heynault pursued hym juste to 
the gate, with his swerde in his hande ; but whanne he sawe 
that he was escaped, he retourned agayne to Aubenton ; 
and his men mette certayn of the lorde Bremus men as 
R 129 



Howe therle 
of Heynault 
toke and 

1 Wargny. 

2 Houffalize. 

8 Bouchain. 

* Conrad. 

^ Escaudeuvres. 


they folowed their maister, and ther they were slayne with- 
out mercy. The erle and his company fought sore with 
them that were by the mynster, and ther the Vydam of 
Chalons dyd marveyls in armes, and so dyd two of his 
sonnes : but finally they wer all slayn ; there scaped none, 
but suche as fledde with the lorde of Bremus, but all were 
slayne or taken, and a ii. M. men of the towne, and all the 
towne robbed and pylled, and all the goodes sent to Symay, 
and the towne brent. And after the burnyng of Aubenton, 
the Heynowes went to Mauber Fountaynes : and inconty- 
nent they wan it, and robbed and brent the towne, and also 
the towne of Daubecueyll, and Segny the great, and Segny 
the lytell, and all the hamelettes ther about, the which 
were mo than xl. Than the erle went to Mouns, and gave 
leave to his men of warr to depart, and thanked them in 
such wyse, that they were all well content. Than anone 
after, therle went to make a sure alyance with the kyng of 
England, to be the more stronger in his warre agaynst the 
Frenchmen. But first he made his uncle sir John of Hey- 
nalt chefe maister and governour of Holande and Zelande ; 
and sir John lay styll at Mons, and provyded for the 
contrey, and sent to Valencennes, to confort and ayde 
them, the lorde Antoyng, the lorde of Vergny,^ the lord 
of Gomegynes, and sir Henry of Huspharyce;^ and the 
stewarde of Heynault, with a hundred speares, to the towne 
of Landrechyes ; and to Bouhayne,^ thre brethern, Almayns, 
called Courrars ; * and to Escaudymee,^ sir Gararde Sasses- 
gynes ; and into the towne of Davesnes, the lord of Falque- 
mount. And thus he dyde into every fortresse on the 
fronters of Fraunce. 


Howe they of Tourney made a journey into 

WHAN the Frenche kyng knewe ho we the Haynowes 
had brent the contrey of Thyerache, taken and 
slayne his knyghtes, and distroyed the good 
towne of Aubenton, than he commaunded the duke of 


Normandy, his sonne, that he shulde make a journey into CAP. XLVI 
Heynalt, and bring the countrey into that case, that it Howe they 
shuld never be recovered agayne. Also the kyng ordayned of Tourney 
therle of Layll Gastone,^ who was as than with the kyng at ^^^ ^ . 
Parys, that he shulde make a voyage into Gascoyne, as his "FiaumLrs ^ 
lyeutenant, and to make warre to Burdeux, and to Bor- 
deloys, and to all the fortresses that helde of the kyng of g^g^ 
Englande. And also the Frenche kynge enforced his great 
navy that he had on the see, and commaunded them to 
kepe the bondes of Flanders, and nat to sufFre the kyng of 
Englande to passe over the see into Flanders, on payne of 
their lyves. And whan the Frenche kyng understode that 
the Flemynges had made homage to the kynge of Englande, 
he sent unto them a prelate under the colour of the pope ; 
shewyng them, that yf they wolde retourne and knowledge 
themselfe to holde of hym, and of the crowne of Fraunce, 
and to forsake the kyng of Englande, who had enchaunted 
them, than he sayd he wolde pardon them of all their 
trespaces, and wolde quyte them of the gret somme of 
money that they wer bound unto hym by oblygacion of 
olde tyme, and also to gyve them many fayre franchyses. 
And the Flemmynges answered, howe they thought them 
selfe right well assoyled and quyted in any thynge that 
they were bounde to the k3Tig of Fraunce. Than the 
Frenche kyng complayned to pope Clement the vi. wherupon 
the pope dyd cast suche a sentence of cursyng, that no 
preest durst syng or say ther any divyne servyce ; wherof 
the Flemmynges sent a great complaynt unto the kyng of 
Englande, who to apease them sent them worde that whan 
he came over the see he wolde bring preestes out of his 
contrey to syng masses, whyther the pope wolde or nat, for 
he sayd he had privylege so to do ; and so by that meanes 
the Flemmynges were somwhat apeased. And whan the 
Frenche kyng sawe that he coude nat tourne the Flemmynges 
fro their opynion, than he commaunded them of the garysons 
of Tourney, Lysle, and Doway, and other, to make warre 
on the Flemmynges, and to overronne the contrey. And so 
sir John du Roy, and syr Mathue de Trye, marshall of 
Fraunce, and sir Godmar du Fay, and dyvers other lordes, 
made an army of M. men of armes, and CCC. crosbowes, 



CAP. XLVI what of Turney, Lysle, and Doway. And so in an evenyng 

Howe they thei departed fro Turney, and by that it was day in the 

of Tourney mornyng, they were before Courtray. By that tyme the son 

made a ^^^ ^p^ they had gathered togyther all the catell ther 

Flaunders. about ; and some of them ran to the gates, and slewe and 

hurt dyvers that they founde without; and thane they 

retourned without any domage, and drove before them al 

their prayes, so that whan they came to Turney, they had 

mo than x. M. shepe, and as many swyne, beafes, and kyen, 

wherof the Flemynges were sore troubled. Than Jaques 

Dartvell sware that it shulde be derely revenged, and in- 

contynent he commaunded the good townes of Flanders, 

that their men a warr shulde be with hym before Turney, at 

a day assigned ; and he wrote to therle of Salysbury, and to 

therle of Suifolke, who wer at Ipre, that they shulde be ther 

at the same. And so agaynst the day lymitted, he went 

1 by mistake for out of Gaunt, and came to a place bytwene Andwarp ^ and 
Ouderuirde. Turney, called le Fount de Sere,^ and there he lodged and 

2 Pont de Fer. j^Qj-yQ^ {qj. therles of England, and for them of Franke and 

of Bruges. The sayd two erles thought for their honour, 
that the enterprise shulde nat be delayed by them, and so 
sent to Jaques Dartvell, promysing hym nat to fayle, to be 
at the day apoynted. And so on a day they departed from 
Ipre, with a 1. speares, and a fortie crosbowes, and went 
towarde the place where as Jaques Dartvell abode for them. 
And as they passed by the towne of Lyle, they were per- 
ceyved, and they of the towne yssued out with a xv. C. men 
a fote and a horsbacke, and went in iii. partes, to thentent 
that therles shulde nat scape them. So these two erles rode 
forth by the gyding of sir Vauflart de la Crox, who had 
kept long warr agaynst them of Lyle, and he knewe all the 
wayes of the contrey, and as than was at Ipre ; and so he came 
forthe with these erles to be their gyde, and he had well 
gyded them. . And they of Lyle had nuely made a great 
dyke, wher as there was never none before, and whan sir 
Vauflart hadde brought them thyder, and sawe ho we the 
way was nuely stopped, he sayd to therles of Englande, Sirs, 
I se well we can nat passe without the danger of them of 
Lysle ; wherfore I counsell, let us turne agayne and take 
some other way. Than the lordes sayde, Nay sir Vauflart, it 


shall never be sayd that we woll go out of our way, for CAP. XLVI 
feare of them of Lysle ; therfore ryde on byfore, we have Howe they 
promysed Jaques Dartvell to be with hym this day ; and so of Tourney 
thenglysshmen rode forth without feare. Than sir Vauflart ^^^ * . 
sayd, Sirs, ye have taken me in this vyage to be your gyde, launders. ° 
and I have ben with you all this wynter in Ipre, wherof I 
am moch bounde to you ; but if they of Lyle yssue out upon 
us, have no trust that I wyll abyde them, for I wyll save 
myselfe assone as I can, for if I wer taken it shulde cost me 
my lyfe, the which I love better than your company. Than 
the lordes dyd laugh at hym, and sayd. Well, and yf it be so, 
we holde you well excused. And as he ymagined, so it be- 
fell : for or they wer ware, they were in danger of the 
Frenche busshement, who cryed Stoppe sirs, for ye shall nat 
passe this way without our lycence, and so began to shote 
and to ronne on the Englysshmen. And assone as syr Vauflart 
sawe the maner, he had no lyst to ryde any farther, but 
retourned assone as he myght, and gate hymselfe out of the 
preace ; and the ii. erles fell in the handes of their ennemies, 
lyke fysshes in a nette, for they were closed rounde about in 
a narowe strayet passage, among hedges, busshes,and dykes, 
so that they coude scape no maner of way, forwarde nor 
backewarde. So whan they sawe that they wer so hardly 
bestad, they alyghted a fote, and defended themselfe as well 
as they might, and dyd hurt dyvers of them of Lysle ; but 
finally, their defence coude nat avayle them, for ever newe 
fresshe men of warre came on them. So ther they wer taken 
byforce, and with them a yong squyer of Lymosyne, nephue 
to pope Clement, called Remon, who after that he was 
yelded prisoner, was slayne for covetyse of his fayre harnes 
and fresshe apareyle. These two erles were set in prison in 
the hall of Lysle, and after sent to the Frenche kynge, who 
promysed to them of Lysle a great rewards, for the good 
servyce that they had done hym. And whane Jaques 
Dartvell, who was at Pont de Ferre, knewe those tidynges, 
he was sore dyspleased, and so seased his enterprise for that 
tyme, and retourned agayne to Gaunt. 





Of the journey that duke John of Normandy 
made into Heynault. 

UKE JOHN of Normandy, eldyst sonne to the 
French kyng, made his assemble to be at saynt 
Quyntines ; and with hym was the duke of Athenes, 
therle of Flaunders, the erle of Aucerr, the erle of Ewe and 
constable of Fraunce, therle of Porcyen, therle of Roussy, 
therle of Bresne, therle of de graunt Pre, the lorde Coucy, 
the lorde Craon, and dyvers other nobles of Normandy, and 
of the lowe marches. And whan they were all assembled, 
anone after Easter, the yere of our lorde M.CCC.xl. the 
constables and the two marshals nombred their company 
to be a vi. thousand men of armes, and viii. M. of other 
folowynge the boost ; and so they went forthe into the 
feldes, and went towarde the castell of Cambresis, and passed 
by Bohayn, and rode tyll they passed the sayd castell in 
Cambresis, and lodged in the towne of Montays, on the 
ryver of Sels : and sir Rycharde of Verchyne, stewarde of 
Henalt, knewe by his spyes, how the duke of Normandy 
was at Montays. Than he desyred certayne knightes and 
squyers, suche as wer nere about hym, to go with hym 
thyder as he wolde bringe them, and they graunted hym so to 
do ; and so departed for his house at Verchyn, and with hym 
a Ix. speares, and rode forthe fro the sonne settyng, tyll he 
came to a forest in the yssuyng out of Heynalt, a lytell 
leage fro Montays, and by that tyme it was night. Than he 
rested hym in a felde, and sayde to his company, howe he 
wolde go and awake the duke at Montays, wherof they were 
right joyouse, and sayd, howe they wolde adventure with 
hym to iyve and dye : he thanked them : and with hym 
Houffalize. there was syr Jaques de Sart, sir Henry of Phalyse,^ sir 
Olpharte du Guystelles, sir John du Chastellet, and sir 
Bertrande ; and of squyers, there was Gyles and Thyerry of 
Sommayne, Baudwyn of Beaufort, Colebrier of Brule, Moreau 
of Lescuyer, Sawdart de Stramen, Johann of Robersat, 
Bridoull de Thyaulx, and dyverse other ; they rode prively 


and came to Montays, and entred into the towne. The CAP. XLVII 
Frenchmen had made no watche, and so the stewarde and all Of the 
his company alyghted before a fayre great lodgyng, wenyng jpumey that 
to theym that the duke had lodged ther, but he was in ^"^ John 
another house ; but ther were loged ii. great lordes of Nor- made^nto^ ^ 
mandy, the lorde of Baylleull, and the lorde of Beaulte,^ and Heynault. 
they were quickely assayled, and the gate broken opynne. 
Whan they hard the cry of Heynalt, they were abasshed, ^^^"''^^• 
and defended themselfe as well as they might, and ther the 
lorde of Baylleull was slayne, and the lorde of Beautie taken, 
and was fayne to promyse the seneshall, on his fayth and 
trouth, to yelde hymselfe prisoner, within thre dayes after 
at Valencens. Than the Frenchmen began to stirr in the 
towne, and came out of their logynges, and made fiers, and 
lighted up torches and candels, and eche of them raysed up 
other, and awoke the duke, who rose and armed hym in 
hast, and displayed his baner before his logyng, and every 
man drue thyder. Then the Heynoues ^ withdrue abacke ^ HainauUers. 
sagely to their horses and mounted, and whan they wer all 
togyder, they had a x. or xii. good prisoners, and so returned 
without any damage, for they wer nat pursued it was so 
darke; and so they came by that it was day to Quesnoy, 
and there they rested them, and than rode to Valencens. 
In the mornyng the duke commaunded to dysloge, and to 
entre into Heynalt, and to bren the contrey without mercy. 
So the fore ryders went forthe, a ii. C. speares, and captayns 
of them were sir Thybalt of Marueyle, the Galoys of the 
Beaume, the lorde of Myrpois, the lorde of Raynevall, the 3 Forest, 
lorde of Sempy, the lorde John of Landas, the lorde of ^«»'<«»«- 
Hangest, and the lorde of Tramels ; and after them rode ^ Verttgneui. 
the two marshals, with fyve C. speres, and than the duke ' '^^<^9^es-au- 
with other lordes and knyghtes. And so the fore ryders ^ vendegies- 
burnt Forestbertran,^ Bertynguinell,^ Escarmay ne, Vendegres ^ sur-J^caiiion. 
in the wod, Vendegres on the sandes, upon the ry ver of ^ Orsinvai. 
Cynell ; ^ and the next day they went forwarde, and brent ^ Maresches, 
Osmelnall,' Vyllers, Gommegynes, Marchepoys,^ Pestell,^ 9 p V 
Anfroy, Pyepreux,^" Fresnoy, Obeys, the good towne ofj„ , .' 
Bannoy," and all the contrey to the ryverof Hommell:^^ and preux. 
the same second day, the marshals company made a gret " Bavay. 
assaut and skirmysshe, at the castell of Verchyne, but they 12 Honeau. 




Of the 
journey that 
duke John 
of Normandy 
made into 

1 Selle. 

2 Mormal. 


wan nothyng ther, it was so well defended. Than they went 
and lodged by the ryver of Selz,^ bytwene Ausey and Sansoy, 
and sir Valeron, lorde of Falquemont, was captayne of the 
towne of Maubeuge, and with hym a C. speares of Almayns 
and Heynowes ; and whane he knewe that the Frenchmen 
rode and brent the contrey, and sawe howe the poore peple 
wept, he armed hym and his company, and left the towne 
in the kepyng of the lorde of Beau Revoyr, and the lord 
Montigny, and he sayd he wolde gladly fynde the French- 
men ; and so he rode all that day, coostyng the forest of 
Morivall,^ and agaynst nyght he harde howe the duke of 
Normandy was loged by the ryver of Sels : than he sayd he 
wolde go and awake them. And so he rode forthe, and about 
mydnight he passed the ryver by a gyde, and whan he was 
over, he made hym and his company redy, and so rode fayre 
and easely tyll he came to the dukes logyng, and whan they 
were nere, they spurred their horses, and dasshed into thoost, 
and cryed Falquemont, and cut downe tentes, and pavilyons, 
and slewe dyvers men and dyd great hurt. Than the hoost 
began to sterre and armed them, and drewe to that part 
where as the noyse was, and the lorde of Falquemont whan 
he sawe it was tyme, he drue abacke ; and of the Frenchmen 
ther were slayne, the lorde of Pyquegny, and taken prisoners, 
the vycont of Quesnes and the Borgne of Rouvory, and sore 
hurt, sir Antony of Coudune. And whan the lorde Falque- 
mont thought best, he departed and all his company, and 
passed the ryver of Sels without damage, for they wer nat 
folowed ; and so by the sonne risyng they came to Quesnoy, 
where as sir Thyerrie of Vallecourt opyned to them the gate. 
The next day after this dede, the duke of Normandy caused 
his trumpettes to be blowen, and so passed the ryver of 
Sels, and entred into Heynalt. And suche as rode before, 
as the marshall of Mirpoys, the lord of Noysiers, the Galoys 
of the Baulme, and sir Thybalt of Marueyle, and iiii. C. 
speares, besyde the brigantes, came before Quesnoy to the 
bariers, and made semblant to gyve assaut, but they within 
were so well provyded with good men of warre and artyllery, 
that they shulde have lost their payne. Howbeit they made 
a lytell skirmyssh before the bayles, but at last they were 
fayne to withdrawe, for they of Quesnoy dyscharged certayne 


peces of artyllery, and shotte out great quarels, wherof the CAP. XLVII 
Frenchmen were afrayd for sleyng of their horses, and so Of the 
withdrue backe. And in their goyng, they brent Vergyn ^ the journey that 
great, and Vergyn the lytell, Frelanes, Samuers,^ Artes, ^^^ John 
Semeries, Artuell, Saryten,^ Turgies,* Estynen,^ Aulnoy, and made into" ^ 
dyvers other, so that the smoke came to Valencennes ; and Heynault. 
than the Frenchmen ordayned their batels on the mount 
of Casters, nere to Valencennes. And certayne of them, as ^ ^*^f'^2/- 
the lorde of Craon, the lorde of Mauluryer, the lorde of'^*^"^^'- 
Mathelon, the lorde of Davoyr, and a two C. speares with ^ ^""^'"''"" 
them, rode towarde Mayng, and came and assayled a great "^fi'*^^- 
towre, parteyninge to John Vernyer of Valencens, and after- 
warde it was parteyning to John Nevell.*' Ther was a great * Neufvilie. 
and a fierse assaut, endurynge nygh all day, so that of the 
Frenchmen, or they departed, were slayne a v. or vi. but they 
within defended themselfe so well, that they took no damage. 
Than some of the Frenchmen went to Try, wenyng at their 
first commynge to have past the water : ' but they of the ' The Scheldt. 
towne had broken the bridge, and defended the passage, 
so that the Frenchmen coude never have won it that way. 
Thane ther were some among them that knewe the passages 
and the contrey, and so they brought a two C. men afote, 
and passed the plankes at Ponny,^ and assone as they were ^ Prouvy. 
over they came on them of Try, who were but a small 
nombre, and coude nat endure agaynst them, and so they 
fledde, and dyvers were slayne and hurt. The same day the 
seneshall of Heynalt was departed out of Valencens, with a 
C. men of armes, to socour them of Trye ; and a lytell fro 
saynt Wast, they met with a xxv. currours of the French- 
men, and the lorde Boucyqualt, who was after marshall of 
France, and the lorde of Surgeres, and sir Wyllyam Blandeau 
was their captayns, and they had passed the bridge by 
Valencennes, called the bridge de la Tourell. And whan the 
seneshall of Heynalt sawe them, he ranne out at them and 
bare downe with his speare the lorde Boucyquault and toke 
hym prisoner, and sent hym to Valencens : the lorde of 
Surgeres scaped, but syr Wyllyam Blandeau was taken by 
sir Henry Dusphalyse : and all the other wer taken and 
slayne, but a fewe that scaped ; and so than the seneshal 
went towarde Try : but he came to late, for the Frenchemen 
S 137 


CAP. XL VII had wonne it or he came, and were beatyng downe of the 

Of the mylles, and of a lytell castell that was ther: but whan the 

journey that seneshall came they had no leaser, for they wer put abacke, 

f >f , slajTie, and put to flight, and chased so nere that many lept 

made into^ ^ ^^^° ^^^ ryver of Lescalt, and some drowned. So thus the 

Heynault. towne of Try was delyverd, and than the seneshall went 

and passed the ryver of Lescalt, at Denayng, and than he 

and all his company rode to his castell of Verchyn, and entred 

into it, to kepe and defende it, yf nede were. 

All this season the duke of Normandy was on the mount 
of Casters nygh all day, thinkynge ever that they of Valen- 
cennes wolde have yssued out, to have fought with hym. 
And so they wolde fayne have done, and sir Henry Dantoynge, 
who had rule of the towne, had nat ben : for he wolde suffre 
no man to yssue out ; and he was at the gate Cambresen, 
and had moch ado to kepe the peple within, and the provost 
of the towne with him, who with fayre wordes, and great 
reasons, apeased the peple. And whan the duke sawe that 
they wolde nat yssue out to gyve hym batayle, than he sent 
to the duke of Athenes, and the marshals of Fraunce, therle 
of Aucerre, and the lorde of Chastelon, with a thre hundred 
speares, to rynne to Valencens. And so they rode in good 
order, and came to the bayls on the syde of Tourell, but 
they taryed nat there long, they feared so the shot, for 
sleynge of their horses ; howbeit, the lorde of Chastelon rode 
so forwarde, that his horse fell under hym, so that he 
was fayne to leape on another; than they retoumed by 
the marches, and brent and bete downe the mylles on the 
ryver of Vyncell, and so came by Chartreux, and than to 
their boost agayne. Ther were some of the Frenchmen that 
taryed behynde, at Mar ley, to gette forage more at their 
ease ; and such as kept a towre therby parteyning to the 
heyres of Heynault, and somtyme it was belongyng to sir 
Robert de Namur, by the right of the lady Isabell his wyfe, 
whan they parceyved these frenchemen that were behynde 
their boost, and howe that thoost was farre of fro them, 
' they yssued out and set on them, and slewe many, and toke 

all their pyllage, and entred agayn to their toure. All this 
season, yet the great batayle was styll on the mount of 
Castres, and whan the currers came in on every syde, than 


they toke counsayle what they shulde do. The lordes sayd, CAP. XLVII 

how they were no nombre sufFycient to assaut such a towne as Of the 

Valencennes, and finally, they determyned to go to Cambray Journey that 

and so that nyght they went and lodged at Monyg,^ and ^^^^ "^^^^ 

at Fountnelles, and made good watche. The next momyng madelnto"**^ 

they departed, and ar they went, brent Monyg and Fount- Heynault. 

nelles, and the abbay parteyning to the lady of Valoys, 

suster germayne to the Frenche kyng : wherof the duke was ^ -^fainfir. 

sore dyspleased, and caused them to be hanged that beganne 

the fyre. And than at their departyng they brent the towne 

of Try, and the castell, and beate downe the mylles, and 

brent Prony,^ Romminy,' Thyaux,* Mouceaulx,' and all the 2 Prmvy. 

playne contrey bytwene Cambray and Valencennes ; and s Bouvignies. 

thanne the duke came to Escandure,^ to a castell parteyn- * Thicmt. 

ynge to the erle of Heynault, standyng strongly on the » Monchaux. 

ryver of Lescault, the whiche garyson hadde grevyd sore ^ Escaudeuvre. 

the towne of Cambray, and capytayne therof was sir Gararde 

of Sassegynes. And whan the duke had ben before that 

castell a six dayes, it was gyven up, wherof all the countrey 

hadde great marveyle, and had great suspect of treason to 

the captayne, sir Gararde, and to a squyer of his, called 

Robert Marmeaulx ; '' and after they bothe dyed shamefully ' Ma/rmiaut. 

at Mons in Heynalt. And they of Cambray bete downe 

the castell, and bare all the stones into their towne to 

make reparacyons withall. 


Howe they of Doway made a journay into 

Ostrenan, and howe therle of Heynalt was 

in England. 

4 FTER the dystruction of Escandure, the duke of 
L\ Normandy went to Cambray, and gave leave to 
JL JL some of his company to depart, and some he sent 
to the garysons of Doway, and other. And the first weke 
that they came to Doway, they yssued out, and they of 
Lysle with theym, so that they were a thre hundred speares, 
and their capytaynes were sir Loyes of Savoy, therle of 
Geneve, therle of Vyllars, the Galoys of the Baulme, the 




Howe they 
of Doway 
made a 
journay into 

1 Ostrevant. 

2 Bouchain. 

3 Aniche. 
* Erre. 
5 Fenain. 
^ Lourches. 
'' Saulx. 
8 RoevZx. 



lorde of Waurayne, the lorde of Vasyers : and so they went 
and brent the fayre contrey of Ostrenan^ in Heynault, 
and left nothynge without the forteresses, wherwith they 
of Bouhayn^ were sore dysplesed, for they sawe the fyers 
and smokes, and coude nat remedy it ; and soo they sent 
to them to Valencennes, that if they wolde yssue out a sixe 
hundred speres in the night, thei shuld do moche damage 
to the Frenchmen, who were spredde abrode in the playne 
countrey ; howe be it, they of Valencennes wolde natte go 
out of the towne. So the Frenchmen had great pray, and 
brent the towne of Nyche,^ Descoux, Escaudan, Here,* 
Monteny, Senayne,^ Verlayne, Vargny, Ambretycourt, Lourg,^ 
Salx,'' Ruette,^ Newfuylle, Lyeu saynt Amande, and all the 
vyllages in that contrey, and wan great pyllage. And 
whan they of Doway were gone home, than the soudyers 
of Bohayne yssued out and brent the halfe of Descoux, 
whiche was Frenche, and all the vyllages parteyning to 
France, juste to the gates of Doway, and the towne of 
Desquerchyne. Thus as I have devysed, the garysons in 
those countreis were provyded for, and dyverse skirmysshes 
and feates of warre used amonge theym. The same tyme 
there was certayne soudyours of Almaygne sette by the 
bysshoppe of Cambray in the fortresse of Male Mayson, a 
two leages fro the castell Cambresien, and marchynge on 
the other parte nere to Landreches, wherof the lorde of 
Poytrell was captayne ; for therle of Bloys, though he wer 
lorde therof, yet he had rendred it to therle of Heynalt, 
bycause he was as than Frenche. So on a day the Almayns 
of Male Mayson came to the bayles of Landreches, and 
drave away a gret pray; and whan they of Landreches 
knewe therof, the lorde of Poytrels armed him and all his 
company, and yssued out to rescue the pray : the lorde of 
Poytrels was formast hymselfe, and layd his spere in the 
rest, and cryed to the Frenchmen, and sayd. Sirs, it is shame 
to flye away. And there was a squyer called Albert of 
Colayne,^ he turned and couched the spere in the rest, and 
came rennyng agaynst the lorde of Poytrell, and gave hym 
suche a stroke on the targe, that the spere flewe all to 
peaces; yet the sayd squyer strake hym agayn suche a 
stroke, that the spere entred through his harnes, and into 


his body, just to the hert, so that he fell fro his horse deed. CAP. 
Than his companyons, He)nious, as the lorde of Bansiers, XLVIII 
Garard de Mastyne, and John of Mastyn, and other, pur- Howe they 
sued the Frenchmen in suche wyse, that they were taken and ^^ Doway 
slayne the moost part, but fewe that scaped, and their pray j^uj^ay into 
rescued, and suche prisoners as they had of Landreches, and Ostrenan. 
so retoumed agayne with the lorde of Poytrels deed ; after 
whose dethe, the lorde of Floron ^ was long tyme captayne °^'"^' 
of Landreches, and of the castell ther. Thus some day 
rode forthe the Frenchmen, and some day the Heynous, and 
dyvers encountrynges was bytwene them. Thus the countrey 
of Heynault was in great trybulacion, for parte therof was 
brent; and the duke of Normandy was styll on the fronters, 
and no man knewe what he wolde do, and they coulde here 
no tidynges of therle of Heynalt; true it was, he was in 
Englande, wher as the kyng and the lordes made hym great 
chere, and made great alyance with the kyng there ; and so 
departed out of Englande, and went to themperour Loys of 
Bavyer : and so these were the causes why that he taryed 
so long out of his owne countrey. And also sir Johanne of 
He3aialt was gone into Brabant, and into Flaunders, and 
shewed to the erle of Brabant, and to Jaques Dartvell, the 
desolacyon of the countrey of Heynalt, prayeng them in the 
name of all the Heynowes, that they wold gyve them some 
counsell and ayde ; and they answered, that they were sure 
that therle wolde shortly returne, at which tyme they sayd, 
they wolde be redy to go with hym whyther as he wolde. 


Howe the duke of Normandy layed siege to 
Thyne Levesque. 

IN the mean season that the duke of Normandy was at 
Cambray, the bysshoppe and the burgesses of the 
towne shewed the duke how the Heynowes had get 
by stelth the strong castell of Thyne, desyring hym for the 
common profet of the countrey that he wolde fynde some 
remedy, for the garyson ther dyd moche hurt to their 
contrey. Than the duke called agayne toguyder men of 




Howe the 
duke of 
layed siege 
to Thyne 

^ Ostrevant. 


warre out of Artoyse and Vermandoys, and so departed 
from Cambray, and came before Thyne, on the ryver of 
Lescalt, in the fayre playne medowes toward Ostrenan.^ 
The duke caryed with hyra out of Cambray and Doway, 
dyverse great engyns, and specially vi. and made them to 
be reared agayne the fortres, so these engyns dyd cast 
night and day great stones, the which bete downe the rofFes 
of the chambers, halles, and towres, so that they within 
were fayne to kepe vautes and sellars. Thus they within 
suffred great payne, and captayns within wer sir Rycharde 
Lymosyn,Englysshe, and two squyers of Heynault, bretherne 
to therle of Namur, Johanne and Thyerry ; these thre that 
had the charge, sayd often tyme to their company. Sirs, 
surely one of these dayes therle of Heynalt wyl come 
agaynst these Frenchmen, and delyver us with honour, and 
ryd us out of this paryll, and shal can us great thanke, that 
we have kept this fortres so longe. The ingens without 
dyd cast in deed horses, and beestes stynking, wherby they 
within had great[er] dystres thane with any other thynge, 
for the ayre was hote as in the myddes of somer : the stynke 
and ayre was so abomynable, that they consydred ho we that 
finally they coude nat long endure. Than they toke advyse 
to desyre a truse for xv. dayes, and in that space to sende 
and advertyse syr John of Heynalt, who was ruler of the 
contrey in therles absence, and without that he dyde socour 
them in that space, to yelde up the fortres to the duke. 
This treaty was put forth and agreed unto. Than they 
within sent a squyer, called Estrelart de Sommayne, to 
sir John of Heynalt : and at Mons in Heynalt the squyer 
founde hym, who had nuely harde fro his nephue therle, 
howe that he was commyng homewarde into his countrey, 
and hadde been with themperour, and made great alyance 
with hym, and with the kyng of England, and with the 
other lordes of thempyre ; all this sir John of Henault 
shewed to this squyer, sendyng worde to them of Thyne, 
that shortly they shulde be conforted at the returne of 
his nephue therle. This truse duryng, therle of Heynalt 
returned home, wherof all his peple wer gretly rejoysed. 
Than the lorde Beamonde his uncle, shewed hym all maters 
that was done syth his departyng, and howe that the duke 



of Normandy had layne on the fronters, and brent and CAP. XLIX 
dystroyed a great part of his contrey ; therle answered, Howe the 
howe it shulde be well amended, sayng, howe the realme duke of 
of France was great ynough to make satisfaction of all ^'''^™*?'*y 
forfeturs by them done: and determyned brefelye, to go to^Tiivn^^ 
and ayde his men at Thyne, who had so honorably defended Levesque. 
their fortresses. Than the erle sent for men into Almayne, 
into Flanders, and in his owne contrey, and so came to 
Valencennes, and daylie his nombre encreased, and departed 
thens in great aray, with caryages, tentes, and pavilyons, 
and went and lodged at Nans,^ on the playne along by the 1 Nave. 
ryver of Lescalt. Ther were lordes of Heynalt, sir John 
of Heynalt, the lorde of Denghyn, the lord of Verchyn, the 
seneshall of Heynalt, the lorde Dantoyng, the lorde of 
Barbenson, the lorde of Lens, sir Wyllyam of Baylleull, 
the lorde of Havereth chatelayne of Mons, the lorde of 
Montegny, the lord of Barbays, sir Thyrrie of Valecourt, 
marshall of Henalt, the lorde of Dalmed,^ and of Gomegynes, 2 Hom'ede. 
the lorde of Brifuell, the lorde of Roysine, the lorde of 
Trasegmes, the lorde de Lalayne, the lorde of Mastyne, 
the lorde of Sars, the lorde Vargny, the lorde of Beauryeu, 
and dyverse other, who were all ther to serve therle their 
lorde : also thyder came therle of Namur, with ii. hundred 
speares, and after came the duke of Brabant, with vi. 
hundred speres, the duke of Guerles, therle of Mons, the 
lorde of Falquemont, sir Amolde Baquechen, and dyverse 
other lordes, and men a warre of Almaygne and Whyt- 
phall ; ' and so all these loged along by the ryver of Lescault, ^ Westphalia. 
agaynst the Frenche boost, and plentie of vytails came to 
them out of Heynalt. And whane these lordes were thus 
lodged bytwene Nauns and Illoys, the duke of Normandy, 
who was on the other part with a goodly nombre of men a 
warre, he sende worde to his father, howe that therls boost 
dayly encreased. Than the Frenche kynge, beynge at Peron, 
raysed up mo men of warre, and sende to his sonne a xii. 
hundred speares ; and so hymselfe came to his sonnes boost 
lyke a soudyer, for he myght nat come with an army upon 
themperour, without he shulde breke his othe as he dyde. 
So the duke of Normandy was named to be cheife of that 
army, but he dyd nothyng but by the counsayle of the 




Howe the 
duke of 
layed siege 
to Thyne 


kyng, his father. Whan they within Thyne sawe therle 
of Heynalt of suche puyssance, they were right joyeous ; and 
the fourth day after that the erle was come thyder, they 
of Valencennes came thyder in great aray, and John de 
Boyssey, provost of the towne, was their capytayne. Than 
ther was a skirmyssh made agaynst the Frenchemen, and 
dyvers hurt on bothe parties : and in the meane season, they 
within the fortres had bottes and barges redy, and so paste 
over the ryver of Lescault, and were brought to the erle of 
Heynalt, who joyously and honourably receyved them. In 
this tyme that these two hostes were lodged on the ryver 
of Lescault, the Frenchmen towarde Fraunce, and the 
Heynowes towarde their owne contreis, their forages rode 
forthe, but they met nat, bycause the ryver was ever 
bytwene them ; but the Frenchmen went and brent the 
contrey of Ostrenan, that was nat brent before; and the 
Heynowes in likewyse the contrey of Cambreses. Also to 
the ayde of therle of Heynault, at the desyre of Jaques 
Dartvell, came thyther a Ix. thousande Flemmynges, well 
armed. Than therle of Heynalt sent to the duke of Nor- 
mandy, by his haraltes, that ther might be batell bytwene 
them, and howe that it shulde be a great shame, so many 
men of warre assembled togyder, and no batayle. The duke 
answered, howe he wolde take advyse and counsell in that 
mater, the which counsell was so long, that the haraldes 
departed without answere. Than the third day after, therle 
sent agayne to knowe the dukes intencyon, and the duke 
answered, how he was nat yet fully counselled to fight, nor to 
assigne a day of batayle ; sayng moreover, how that therle 
was very hasty : whan the erle harde that, he thought that 
it was but a delay. Than he sent for all the gret lordes 
of his boost, shewyng them what he had done, and what 
answere the duke had made hym : desyring them to have 
their counsell ; than every man loked on other, and no man 
wold speke first. At last the duke of Brabant spake for 
all, and sayd, as to make a bridge, and go over to fight 
with the Frenchman, is nat myne opynion, for I knowe 
certaynly, that shortly the kyng of Englande wyll come over 
the see and lay sege to Turney, and we all have sworne to 
ayd and confort hym in all that we canne : wherfore if we 


shulde nowe fyght with the Frenchmen, and fortune to be CAP. XLIX 
aga3nie us, that we happe to lese the felde, he shulde lose Howe the 
his vyage, and all the helpe that he shulde have of us : and ^uke of 
if we had the vyctorie he shulde can us no thanke : wherfore j^o^^^poy 
my intencyon is, that without hym, who is chefe of this to Thyne 
warre, that we fyght nat with the power of Fraunce ; but Levesque. 
whan we shal be before Turney with hym, and the Frenche 
kynge agaynst us, I thynke it wyll be harde to depart 
without batell ; wherfore I wolde counsell let us depart, for 
here we lye at great coost and charge, for I am sure within 
these X. dayes, we shall here fro the kyng of Englande. To 
this advyce the moost part of the lordes agreed, but therle 
of Heynalt desyred them all in generall nat to depart so 
sone: and so they agreed to tary somwhat lengar; they 
of Brussels wolde fayne have ben gone, and they of Lovane. 
On a day, therle called to hym sir John of Heynalt his 
uncle, and sayd, Fayre uncle, I pray you ryde downe along 
by the ryver syde, and call over the ryver to speke with 
some persone of the "French boost, and desyre hym to shewe 
the Frenche kyng fro me, that I wyll make a brydge over the 
water, so that I may have thre dayes respyte, and than I 
woll come over and gyve hym batell. Than the lorde 
Beamond rode downe along by the ryver of Lescalt, and a 
xiii. knyghtes with hym, and his penon before hym, and at 
last he parceyved on the other syde a knyght of Normandy, 
he knewe hym by his armes. Than he called to hym and 
sayd. Sir Maubousson, I pray you speke with me. Than the 
knyght sayd. Sir, what wold you with me. I desyre you, 
quod the lorde Beamonde, that ye wyll go to the Frenche 
kyng, and to his counsayle, and say how the erle of 
Heynault hath sende me hyther to take a truse, all onely 
whyles that he might make a brige over this ryver, wherby 
he and his myght passe over ; I pray you bring me agayne 
an answere, and I shall tary here tyll ye retoume. Than 
the lord of Maubusson strake his horse with the spurres, 
and rode to the kynges tent, where as the duke of Normandy 
and many other lordes were. Ther he shewed his message, 
and he had a short answer, for he was commanded to tell 
hym that sent him thyder, that in the same case as they 
had helde the erle, in likewyse so they wold contynue; 
T 145 



Howe the 
duke of 
layed siege 
to Thyne 


sayng, how they wold make hym to sell his lande, and that 
he shuld have warr on every syde, and whan we lyst, we woU 
entre into Heynalt so farr that we woll bren all his contrey. 
This answere the lorde of Maubusson reported to the lorde 
Beamond, who thanked hym of his labour, and so retourned 
to therle, whom he found playng at chesse with therle of 
Naraur : and assone as therle sawe his uncle, he arose and 
harde the answere, that the Frenche kynge had sent hym, 
wherwith the erle was dysplesed, and sayd. Well, I trust it 
shall nat be as he purposeth. 

1 Blankcn- 

2 Quieret. 


Of the batell on the see before Sluse in Flaunders 
bytwene the kyng of England and the Frenchmen. 

NOWE let us leave somwhat to speke of therle of 
Henalt, and of the duke of Normandy, and speke 
of the kyng of England, who was on the see to 
the intent to arryve in Flaunders, and so into Heynalt, to 
make warr agaynst the Frenchmen. This was on mydsomer 
evyn, in the yer of our lorde M.CCC.xl. all thenglyssh flete 
was departed out of the ryver of Tames, and toke the way 
to Sluse. And the same tyme bytwene Blanqueberque ^ and 
Sluse, on the see, was sir Hewe Kyryell,^ sir Peter Bahuchet, 
and Barbnoyr, and mo than sixscore great vessels, besyde 
other ; and they wer of Normayns, bydaulx, Genowes, and 
Pycardes, about the nombre of xl. M. ; ther they wer layd by 
the French kyng to defend the kyng of Englandes passage. 
The kyng of England and his came saylyng tyll he came 
before Sluse ; and whan he sawe so great a nombre of shippes 
that their mastes semed to be lyke a gret wood, he de- 
maunded of the maister of his shyp what peple he thought 
they were. He answered and sayd. Sir, I thynke they be 
Normayns layd here by the Frenche kyng, and hath done 
gret dyspleasur in Englande, brent your towne of Hampton, 
and taken your great shyppe the Christofer. A quoth the 
kyng, I have long desyred to fyght with the Frenchmen, and 
nowe shall I fyght with some of them, by the grace of God 
and saynt George, for truly they have done me so many 


dysplesures, that I shall be revenged, and I may. Than the CAP. L 
king set all his shyppes in order, the grettest befor, well Of the batell 
furnysshed with archers, and ever bytwene two shyppes of ^^^ t^^ see 
archers he had one shypp with men of armes ; and than i'^^pj® ^^?®® 
he made another batell to ly alofe with archers, to confort 
ever them that wer moost wery, yf nede were. And ther 
were a great nombre of countesses, ladyes, knyghtes wyves, 
and other damosels, that were goyng to se the quene at 
Gaunt ; these ladyes the kyng caused to be well kept with 
thre hundred men of armes, and v. C. archers. 

Whan the kyng and his marshals had ordered his batayls, 
he drewe up the scales, and cam with a quarter wynde, to 
have the vauntage of the sonne : and so at last they tourned 
a lytell to get the wynde at wyll. And whan the Normayns 
sawe them recule backe, they had marvell why they dyde so ; 
and some sayd, They thynke themselfe nat mete to medyll 
with us, wherfore they woU go backe : they sawe well howe 
the kyng of England was ther personally, by reason of his 
baners. Than they dyd appareyle their flete in order, for 
they wer sage and good men of warr on the see, and dyd set 
the Christofer, the which they had won the yer before, to be 
formast, with many trumpettes and instrumentes, and so set 
on their ennemies. Ther began a sore batell on bothe 
partes ; archers and crosbowes began to shote, and men of 
armes aproched, and fought hande to hande; and the better 
to come togyder, they had great hokes and grapers of 
yron, to cast out of one shyppe into another, and so tyed 
them fast togyder. Ther were many dedes of armes done, 
takyng, and rescuyng agayne: and at last, the great 
Christofer was first won by thenglysshmen, and all that 
were within it taken or slayne. Than ther was great 
noyse and crye, and thenglysshmen aproched and forti- 
fyed the Christofer with archers, and made hym to passe 
on byfore to fyght with the Genoweys. This batayle was 
right fierse and terryble : for the batayls on the see ar more 
dangerous and fierser, than the batayls by lande ; for on the 
see ther is no reculyng nor fleyng ; ther is no remedy but 
to fight, and to abyde fortune, and every man to shewe 
his prowes. Of a trouthe, sir Hewe Kyriell, and sir 
Bahuchet, and Barbe Noyer, were ryght good and expert 




Of the batell 
on the see 
before Sluse 
in Flaunders. 

1 Hereford. 

2 Bradestan. 


men of warre. This batayle endured fro the mornyng tyll it 
was noone, and thenglysshmen endured moche payne, for their 
ennemies were foure agaynst one, and all good men on the 
see. Ther the king of England was a noble knight of his 
owne hande, he was in the flouer of his- yongth ; in lykewyse 
so was the erle of Derby, Pembroke, Herforde,^ Huntyng- 
don, Northampton and Glocetter, sir Reynolde Cobham, 
sir Rycharde Stafforde, the lorde Percy, sir Water of Manny, 
sir Henry of Flaunders, sir John Beauchamp, the lorde 
Felton, the lorde Brasseton,^ sir Chandos, the lorde Dela- 
warre, the lorde of Multon, sir Robert Dartoys called erle 
of Rychmont, and dyverse other lordes and knyghtes, who 
bare themselfe so valyantly with some socours that they had 
of Bruges, and of the countrey there about, that they 
obtayned the vyctorie. So that the Frenchnjitn, Normayns, 
and other were dysconfetted, slayne, and drowned : there 
was nat one that scaped, but all were slayne. Whane this 
vyctorie was atchyved, the kyng all that nyght abode in his 
shyppe before Sluse, with great noyse of trumpettes and 
other instrumentes. Thyder came to se the kynge, dyvers 
of Flaunders, suche as had herde of the kynges commyng. 
And than the kyng demaunded of the burgesses of Bruges, 
howe Jaques Dartvell dyd : they answered, that he was gone 
to the erle of Heynalt, agaynst the duke of Normandy, with 
Ix. M. Flemynges. And on the next day, the which was myd- 
somer day, the kyng and all his toke lande, and the kyng 
on fote went a pylgrimage to our lady of Ardenbourge, and 
there herd masse and dyned, and thane toke his horse and 
rode to Gaunt, where the quene receyved hym with great 
joye ; and all his caryage came after, lytell and lytell. Than 
the kyng wrote to therle of Heynault, and to theym within 
the castell of Thyne, certyfieng them of his arryvall ; and 
whan therle knewe therof, and that he had dysconfyted the 
army on the see, he dysloged, and gave leave to all the 
souldyours to depart ; and toke with hym to Valencennes, 
all the great lordes, and ther feasted them honourably, and 
specially the duke of Brabant, and Jaques Dartvell. And 
ther Jaques Dartvell, openly in the market place, in the 
presence of all the lordes, and of all such as wold here hym, 
declared what right the kyng of Englande had to the crowne 


of France, and also what puyssaunce the thre countreis were CAP. L 
of, Flaunders, Heynault, and Brabant, surely joyned in one Of thebatell 
alyance. And he dyde so by his great wysdome, and plesaunt «" the see 
wordes, that all people that harde hym, praysed hym moche, .^^^ ^|y^® 
and sayd howe he had nobly spoken, and by great experyence. 
And thus he was greatly praysed, and it was sayd, that he 
was well worthy to goveme the countie of Flaunders. Than 
the lordes departed, and promysed to mete agayne within 
viii. dayes at Gaunt, to se the kyng of England : and so 
they dyd. And the kyng feasted them honorably, and so 
dyd the quene, who was as than nuly purifyed of a sonne 
called John, who was after duke of Lancastre, by his wyfe, 
doughter to duke Henry of Lanncastre. Than ther was a 
counsell set to be at Vyllenort,^ and a day lymitted. * vuievorde. 


Howe kynge Robert of Cicyll dyd all that 

he might to pacyfie the kynges of Fraunce 

and Englande. 

WHAN the French kyng harde howe his army on the 
see was dysconfyted, he dysloged and drewe to 
Arras, and gave leave to his men to depart tyll 
he harde other tidynges : and sent sir Godmar du Fay to 
Tourney to se that there lacked nothyng. He feared more 
the Flemynges than any other, and sent the lord of 
Beaujewe to Mortayn to kepe the fronters agaynst Hey- 
nalt; and he sent many men of warr to saynt Omers, to 
Ayre, and to saynt Venaunt, and purveyed suffyciently for 
all the forteresses frontyng on Flanders. In this season 
ther raygned a kyng in Cicyll called Robert, who was 
reputed to be a great astronomyer, and alwayes he warned 
the Frenche kyng and his counsell, that in no wyse he shulde 
fight agaynst the king of Englande ; for he sayd, it was gy ven 
the king of Englande to be right fortunate in all his dedes. 
This kyng Robert wold gladly have sene these two kynges 
at a good acorde, for he loved so moch the crowne of 
Fraunce, that he was right sorie to se the desolacyon therof. 



CAP. LI This kynge of Cicyll was at Avygnone with pope Clement, 
Howe kynge and with the coUedge ther, and declared to them the peryls 
Robert of that were likely to fall in the realme of France by the warr 
that he miffht ^y^^ene the sayd two kynges, desyring them that they wold 
to pacyfie the helpe to fynde some meanes to apease them ; wher unto the 
kynges of pope and the cardynals answered, howe they wolde gladly 

Fraunce and intende therto, so that the two kynges wolde here them. 

Englande. ^ ^ 


Of the counsayle that the kynge of Englande and 
his alyes helde at Vyllenort. 

A T this counsayle holden at Vyllenort, were these lordes 
/A as followeth : the kyng of England, the duke of 
X -^ Brabant, therle of Henalt, syr John his uncle, the 
duke of Guerles, therle of JuUers, the marques of Faulque- 
bourc, the marques of Musse, therle of Mons, sir Robert 
Dartoys, the lorde of Falquemont, sir Wyllyam of Dunort, 
therle of Namur, Jaques Dartvell, and many other great 
lordes, and of every good towne of Flanders, a thre or iiii. 
personages in maner of a counsayle. Ther was agrement 
made bytwene the thre contreis, Flanders, Brabant, and 
Heynalt, that fro thensforth eche of them shulde ayde and 
confort other in all cases. And ther they made assurance 
ech to other, that if any of them had to do with any 
countrey, thother two shulde gyve ayde ; and herafter if 
any of them shulde be at dyscorde one with another, the 
thyrde shulde set agrement bytwene them : and if he were 
nat able so to do, than the mater shulde be put unto the 
kynge of Englande, in whose handes this mater was sworne 
and promysed, and he to agre them. And in confyrmacion 
of love and amyte, they ordayned a lawe to ryn throughout 
those iii. contres, the which was called the lawe of the com- 
panyons or alyes. And ther it was determyned that the 
kyng of Englande shulde remove about Maudelentyde after, 
and ley siege to Turney, and ther to mete all the sayd 
lordes and thers, with the powers of all the good townes : 
and than every man departed to their owne houses, to 
aparell them in that behalfe. 





Howe the kyng of England besieged the cyte of 
Tourney with great puysance. 

THE Frenche kyng after the departure of these lordes 
fro the counsell of Vyllenort, he knewe the most 
part of their determynacion. Than he sent to 
Tourney the chefe men of warr of all Fraunce, as therle 
of Ewe, the yong erle of Guynes, his sonne, constable of 
Fraunce,^ therle of Foytz,^ and his bretherne, therle Amery i The Comte 
of Narbon, sir Aymer of Poyters, sir Geffray of Charney, ^^^^ 
sir Gararde of Mountfaucon, the two marshals, sir Robert 2 j^^^ 
Bertrand, and sir Mathue de Troy,^ the lorde of Caieux, the 3^7^^.^ 
senesshall of Poyctou, the lord of Chastelayn, and sir John 
of Landas, and these had with them valyant knyghtes and 
squyers. They came to Tourney, and founde there sir 
Godmar du Fay, who was ther before: than they toke 
regarde to the provisyon of the towne, as well to the vytels, 
as to thartyllerie and fortifycacion, and they caused to be 
brought out of the contrey there about, whete, otes, and 
other provysion. 

Nowe let us retourne to the kyng of Englande. Whan 
the tyme aproched that he and his alyes shuld mete before 
Tourney, and that the come beganne to rype, he departed 
for Gaunt with vii. erles of his contrey, viii. prelates, xxviii. 
baronettes, ii. C. knyghtes, foure thousande men of armes, 
and ix. M. archers, besyde fotemen. All his boost passed 
through the towne of Andewarpe,* and so passed the ryver of iforOudenarde. 
Lescalt, and lodged before Tourney, at the gate called saynt 
Martyne, the way towarde Lysle and Doway. Than anone 
after came the duke of Brabant with mo than xx. M. men, 
knyghtes, squyers, and commons, and he lodged at the brige 
of Aryes, by the ryver of Lescalt, bytwene thabbey of saynt 
Nycholas, and the gate Valentenoys. Next to hym came 
therle of Heynault, with a goodly company of his contrey, 
with many of Holande and Zelande, and he was loged 
bytwene the kynge and the duke of Brabaunt. Than came 
Jaques Dartvell, with mo than Ix. thousande Flemmynges, 




Howe the 

kyng of 
besieged the 
cyte of Tour- 
ney with great 
^ Poperinghe. 


besyde them of Ipre, Propingne/ Cassell, Bergues, and they 
were set on the other syde, as ye shall here after. Jaques 
Dartvell lodged at the gate saynt Fountayne ; the duke of 
Guerles, therle of Jullers, the marques of Blanquebourc, the 
marques of Musse, therle of Mons, therle of Sauynes, the 
lord of Falquemount, sir Amolde of Baquechen, and all the 
Almayns, were lodged on the other syde, towarde Heynalt. 
Thus the cytie of Tourney was envyroned rounde about, 
and every boost myght resort eche to other, so that none 
coulde yssue out without spyeng. 


Howe therle of Heynalt distroyed the townes of 
2 orchies. Scclyne and Dorchyes.^ 

THE sige enduring, they without wer well provyded of 
vytels, and at a metely price ; for it came to them 
fro all partes. On a mornynge the erle of Heynalt, 
with V. hundred speres, departed fro the boost and passed 
by Lysle, and brent the good towne of Seclyne, and many 
vyllages there about; and their currours ranne to the 
subarbes of Lens, in Artoyse. And after that, the erle toke 
an other way and rode to the towne of Dorchies, the 
whiche was taken and brent, for it was nat closed. And also 
they burnt Landas, Lycell, and dyvers other good townes 
there about, and over ranne the countrey, and gate great 
pyllage, and than retourned agayne to the boost before 
Turney : also the Flemynges often tymes assay led them of 
Tourney, and had made shyppes, belfroys, and instrumentes 
of assaut ; so that every day lightly there was skirmysshyng 
and dyverse hurt of one and other. The Flemmynges toke 
moche payne to trouble them of Tourney : among other 
assautes, ther was one endured al a day ; ther was many 
feates of armes done, for all the lordes and knyghtes that 
were in Tournay were therat ; for thassaut was made in 
shyppes and vessels wrought for the same intent, to have 
broken the baryers and the posterne of the arche : but it 
was so well defended, that the Flemmynges wanne nothyng : 
ther they lost a shypp, with a sixscore men, the which were 


drowned, and at night they withdrue, right sore traveyled. CAP. LIV 
Also this siege enduryng, the soudyours of saynt Amande Howe therle 
yssued out, and came to Hanon, in Heynalt, and burnt the of Heynalt 
towne, and vyolated the abbey, and dystroyed the mynster, ^istroyed the 
and caryed away all that they might to saynt Amande : and Seclyne and 
an other tyme the same Frenche soudyours passed the wood Dorchyes. 
of saynt Amande, and came to the abbey of Vycongne, and 
made a great fyre at the gate, to have burnt it. Whan 
thabbot sawe what parell his house was in, hastely he toke 
his horse, and rode out prively through the wood, and came to 
Valencennes, desyring the provost ther to lend hym a certayne 
crosbowes. And whane he had his desyre, he brought them 
behynde Rames, and set them in the wood towarde the hyghe 
waye to Procelet ; ' and ther they shotte agaynst the Geno- 1 Pourcelet. 
wayes and Frenchmen, beyng before the gate of Vycongne : 
and whan they sawe and felt the quarels lyght among them 
commyng fro the wood, they were afrayed, and retourned as 
fast as they rayght ; and so the abbey was saved. 


How the Scottes wan agayne gret part of Scot- 
lande whyle the siege was before Tournay. 

NOWE it is to be remembred how sir Wyllyam Duglas, 
Sonne of Wyllyam ^ Duglas brother, who dyed in ^ •^awies- 
Spayne, and therle of Patris,nherle of Surlant,* sir ' ^«gj^«^^'^*' 
Robert of Hersey,® sir Symonde Fresyell,^ and Alysander ^ ^ j^^ ^^ 
Ramsay, they were captayns in suche parte of Scotlande as g ^^^^^ 
was left unwonne by thenglysshmen. And they had con- g py-aser. 
tynued in the forest of Gedeours' the space of vii. y^^^^ i jedworih. 
wynter and somer; and as they might they made warre 
agaynst thenglysshmen beyng ther in garyson. Somtyme 
they had good adventure, and somtyme yvell : and whyle 
the kyng of Englande was at siege before Tournay, the 
French kyng sent men of warr into Scotlande, and they 
arryved at saynt Johannstowne.^ And they desyred the^PeHh. 
Scottes, in the French kyngis name, that they wolde set on 
and make such warr in the realme of England, that the kyng 
might be fayne to retourne home to rescue his owne realme, 
U 153 



How the 

Scottes wan 
agayne gret 
parte of 

' Jedworth. 

^ Stirling. 
3 Roxbv/rgh. 


and to leave up the sige at Tourney ; and the Frenche kyng 
promysed them men and money to ayde them so to do. And 
so the Scottes departed out of the forest of Gedeours,^ and 
passed thorough Scotlande, and wanne agayne dyverse fort- 
resses, and so past the towne of Berwyke and the ry ver of 
Tyne, and entred into the contrey of Northumberlande, the 
which somtyme was a realme. Ther they founde gret plentie 
of beestes, and wasted and brent all the contrey of Durame ; 
than they retourned by an other way, dystroyeng the countrey. 
In this voyage they distroyed more than thre dayes journey 
into the realme of Englande, and thane retourned into Scot- 
lande, and conquered agayne all the fortresses that were 
holden by the Englysshmen, except the cyte of Berwyke and 
thre other castels, the which dyd them great trouble. They 
were so stronge, that it wolde have ben harde to have founde 
any suche in any countrey ; the one was Strumelyn,^ an other 
Rosbourg,^ and the third the chyefe of all Scotlande, Eden- 
borowe ; the whiche castell standeth on a hygh rocke, that a 
man must rest ones or twyse or he come to the hyest of the 
hyll ; and captayne ther was sir Water Lymosen, who before 
had so valiantly kept the castell of Thyne agaynst the 
Frenchmen. So it was that sir Wyllyam Duglas devysed a 
feate, and dyscoverd his intencyon to his companyons, to 
therle Patris, to sir Robert Fresyell, and to Alysander 
Ramsay ; and all they agreed togyder. Than they toke a 
ii. C. of the wylde Scottes, and entred into the see, and made 
provisyon of otes, mele, coles, and wood; and so pesably thei 
arryved at a port, nere to the castell of Edenborowe. And 
in the night they armed theym, and toke a x. or xii. of their 
company, suche as they dyd trust best, and dyde disgyse 
theym in poore torne cotes and hattes, lyke poore men of 
the contrey; and charged a xii. small horses with sackes, 
some with otes, some with whete mele, and some with coles ; 
and they dyde set all their company in a busshment, in an 
old distroyed abbey therby, nere to the fote of the hyll. 
And whan the day began to apere, covertly armed as they 
were, they went up the hyll with their marchandyse. And 
whan they were in the mydde way, sir Wyllyam Duglas and 
sir Symode Fresyll, disgysed as they were, went a lytell 
before, and came to the porter, and sayd Sir, in gret fere 


we have brought hyther otes and whetemele ; and if ye have CAP. LV 
any nede therof, we woll sell it to you gode chepe. Mary, How the 
sayd the porter, and we have nede therof; but it is so erly, Scottes wan 
that I darre nat awake the captayne nor his stuarde ; but ^S^^y^e gret 
let them come in, and I shall opyn the utter gate : and so gcLiande 
they all entred into the gate of the bayles; Sir Wyllyam 
Duglas sawe well how the porter had the keys in his handes 
of the great gate of the castell. 

Than whan the firste gate was opynned, as ye have harde, 
their horses with caryages entred in ; and the two that came 
last, laden with coles, they made them to fall downe on the 
grounsyll of the gate, to thentent that the gate shulde nat 
be closed agayne. And than they toke the porter, and 
slewe hym so pesably that he neverr spake worde. Than 
they toke the great keys, and opynned the castell gate ; 
than sir Wyllyam Duglas blewe a home, and dyd cast away 
their torne cotes, and layed all the other sackes overthwarte 
the gate, to thyntent that it shulde nat be shytte agayne. 
And whan they of the busshment harde the home, in all 
hast they might they mounted the hyll. Than the watchman 
of the castell, with noyse of the home, awoke, and sawe 
how the peple wer commyng all armed to the castell warde. 
Than he blewe his home, and cryed. Treason, treson ; sirs, 
aryse, and arme you shortly, for yonder be men of armes 
aprochynge to your fortresse. Than every man arose, and 
armed them, and came to the gate ; but sir Wyllyam Duglas 
and his xii. companyons defended so the gate, that they 
coude nat close it ; and so by great valyantnesse they kept 
thentre opyn, tyll their busshment came. They within 
defended the castell as well as they might, and hurt dyvers 
of them without ; but sir Wyllyam and the Scottes dyd so 
moch that they conquered the fortresse, and all thenglyssh- 
men within slayne, excepte the captayne and sixe other 
squyers. So the Scottes taryed ther all that day, and made 
a knyght of the contrey captayn ther, called Symonde 
Vessey, and with hym divers other of the contrey. These 
tidynges came to the kyng of Englande before Tourney. 




their grefe P. 

2 Verdun. 

3 Montbeliard, 
* Geneva. 


Of the great boost that the Frenche kyng assembled 
to rayse the siege before Tourney. 

YE have harde before howe the kynge of Englande had 
besieged the cyte of Tourney with mo than six-score 
thousande men of armes with the Flemmynges. And 
bycause the vytayles within the cytie beganne to mynisshe, 
the Frenche lordes within caused to avoyde out of the towne 
all maner of poore people, such as were nat fumysshed to 
abyde the adventure of the siege. They were put out in the 
opynne day, and they passed through the duke of Brabantes 
boost, who shewed them grace,^ for he caused them to be 
safely brought to the Frenche boost at Aras, where as the 
kyng lay. And ther he made a gret assemble of men of his 
owne contrey, and part out of the empyre. Thyder came 
to hym the kyng of Behaygne, the duke of Loraygne, therle 
of Bare, the bysshoppe of Mets and of Coerdune,^ therle of 
Mountbelieu,^ sir John of Chalon, the erle of Gevyne,* the 
erle of Savoy, and the lorde Lewes of Savoy his brother. 
All these lordes came to serve the Frenche kynge with all 
their powers. Also thyder came the duke of Bretaygne, the 
duke of Burgoyne, the duke of Borbone, therle of Alan- 
son, therle of Flanders, therle Forestes, therle Arminacke, 
therle of Bloyes, sir Charles of Bloyes, therle of Harcourt, 
therle Dammartyn, the lorde Coucy, and dyvers other lordes 
and knightes. And after came the kyng of Navarr with a 
goodly nombre of men a warre out of the contrey in France 
that he helde of the Frenche kyng, and therby he came to 


hym : also there was the kynge of Scottes, with a 
certayne nombre apoynted to hym. 




Howe the soudyers of the garyson of Bohayne ' i souchain. 
dystrussed certayne soudyers of Mortayne before 
the towne of Conde. 

WHAN all these sayde lordes were come to Aras to 
the Frenche kyng, than he removyd and came to 
a lytell ryverr, a thre leages fro Turney : the 
water was depe, and rounde about full of marysshes, so that 
no man coude passe but by a lytell way, so narowe, that two 
horses coude nat passe a fronte ; there the kyng lay and 
passed nat the ryver, for he durst nat. The next day the 
noostes lay styll : some of the lordes counsayled to make 
bridges to passe over the water at their ease : than ther wer 
men sent to advyse the passage ; and whan they had well 
advysed every thyng, they thought it was but a lost labour, 
and so they shewed the kynge, howe that ther was no 
passage but at the brige of Cressyn.^ Thus the mater ^-Po*^^ 
abode in the same case; the tidynges anone spred abrode ^^***"' 
howe the Frenche kyng was lodged bytwene the bridge of 
Cressyn, and the bridge of Bouves,^ to thentent to fight ^ Bouvines. 
with his ennemies; so that all maner of people, suche as 
desyred honoure, drue to the one part and to the other, 
as they owed their servyce or favoure. Ther were thre 
Almayns, bretherne in Bouhaygne : whan they harde howe 
these two kynges aproched nere togyder, be likelyhode to 
fight, than two of them desyred the iii. to abyde styll and 
kepe the fortress, and they sayd, they wolde go and se what 
chere there was before Tourney. So these two knyghtes 
departed, one of them was called sir Courrat Dastra, and 
the other, sir Courrat Lancenuch, and they rode tyll they 
came to Escampons, besyde Valencens, thinkyng to passe 
the ryver of Lescalt, at Conde. And bjrtwene Fresnes, and 
Escampons, they harde a gret brunt of men, and sawe howe 
some came fleyng to themwarde : the two bretherne had with 
them to the nombre of xxv. speares, and they encountred 
the first, and demaunded what they ayled, so to fle away ; In 
the name of God, sir, quoth they, the soudyers of Mortayne 




Howe the 
soudyers of 
the garyson 
of Bohayne 
soudyers of 


ar yssued out, and they have get a great pray, and are 
goynge therwith toward e their fortresse, and also have taken 
dyvers prisoners of this countrey. Than the two bretherne 
sayd. Sirs, can ye lede us ther as they be; and they sayde Yes. 
And so they went after the Frenchmen by the gyding of those 
poore men, and the Frenchmen were as than nere to our 
lady in the wood, and wer a sixscore soudyers, and drave 
before them C. great beestes, and certayne prisoners of the 
men of the contrey; and their captayne was a knyght of 
Burgone, called John de Frelays, parteyninge to the lorde 
of Beaujeu. Assone as the Almayns sawe them, they ascryed 
them, and ran in fiersly among them ; ther was a sore fight ; 
the Burgonyon knyght dyd put hymselfe to defence, and 
some of his company, but nat all, for ther were dyvers that 
fled, but they were so nere chased, what with the Almayns, 
and with the men of the countrey, that ther scaped but a 
fewe, other slayne or taken ; sir John de Frelays was taken, 
and all the pray rescued, and rendred agayne to the men of 
the contrey : and after that adventure, the Alma3nis came 
before Tourney, wher they were welcome. 


Of the journey that sir Wyllyam BaylleuU 
and sir Valflart de la Croyse made at the 
1 Tressin. bridge of Cressyn.^ 

A NONE after, the Frenche kyng was lodged thus at the 
L\ bridge of Bouves, a company of Heynous, by the 
J~ jL settyng on of sir Wyllyam Bayllule, and the lorde 
Vauflart de la Croyse, who sayd howe they knewe all the 
contrey, and that they wolde bring them into such a place 
on the Frenche boost, that they shulde have some wynnynge. 
And so on a momyng they departed fro thoost, about six- 
score companyons, knyghtes, and squyers, and they rode 
towarde Pont de Cressyn, and made the lorde Bayllule to 
be as chefe, and that to his baner every man shulde drawe. 
Nowe the same mornyng rode fortho; certayne nombre of the 
Legoys of the French party, wherof syr Robert de BaylleuU, 



brother to the foresayd sir Wyllyam BaylleuU, was chefe CAP. LVIII 
captayn ; so ther were two bretherne on dyvers parties : the Of the 
Lyegois had passed the bridge of Cressyn, and were a forag- journey that 
yng for their horses, and to se if they coude fynde any ad- ^^^ Wyllyam 
venture profitable for them. The Heynowes rode all that ^^ Valflart"*^ 
momyng without fyndyng of any adventure, and they also ^g i^ Croyse 
passed the bridge ; ther was such a myst, that a man coude made at the 
nat se the length of a spere before hym : and whan the bridge of 
Heynous were all over, than they ordayned that sir Wyllyam ^"^^ssyn. 
Baylluell, with his baner, shulde abyde on the bridge, and 
sir Vauflart, sir Raflet de Monceaux, and sir John de Ver- 
chyne shulde adventure on farther. And so they went so 
farr, that they dasshed into thoost of the kynge of Behayne, 
and the bysshoppe of Liege, for they were lodged nere to 
the bridge, and the lorde of Rademache had made watche 
the same nyght, and it was at the poynt of his departyng. 
So bytwene them ther was a sore conflict. Howbeit, fynally, 
the Heynous dnie back towarde the brige, and the Liegoys, 
and Lucembourzins,^ folowed them, and sir Wyllyam Bayl- ^Luxem-, 
leull was counselled to repasse agayne the bridge with his ^'^'^a^rs. 
baner, for thei had dyvers of their company to repasse ; so 
the Heynous repassed agayne as well as they might, and 
in their passynge ther were many dedes of armes done, in 
takynge, and rescuyng agayne. So it fortuned that sir 
Vauflart coude nat repasse the brige, and so was fayne 
to save hymselfe as well as he might : he yssued out of the 
preace, and toke a way that he knewe well, and so entred 
into the marshes, among busshes and rockes, and ther taryed. 
The other fought styll at the brige, and ther the Liegoys 
overcame syr Wyllyam Baylleuls company. And ther- 
with, sir Robert BaylleuU, whan he harde that noyse in that 
parte, he came rynning thyder with his baner before hym, 
and whan the Heynowes sawe the baner of Moraynes,^ they 2 MorMnU. 
byleved it had ben the baner of sir Wyllyam Bayllule, and 
drue thyder, for ther was but a small dyfference bytwene 
their baners : for the armes of Morians be barres, counter- 
barres, two chevrons gowles ; and in the chevron of syr 
Robert BaylleuU ther was a lytell crosse golde, which the 
Heynous toke no hede of, wherby they were disconfyted, and 
slayne John de Vergny, sir Water du Pont de Large, sir 





Of the 
journey that 
sir Wyllyam 
Baylleull and 
sir Valflart 
de la Croyse 
made at the 
bridge of 


Wyllyam of Pypempoix, and d3rvers other, and taken sir 
John de Soyre, sir Danyell de Bleze, sir Race de Monceaux, 
sir Loys Dampelen, and dyvers other, and sir Wyllyam 
de Baylleul scaped as well as he might, but he lost moche of 
his company : syr Vauflart de la Croyse, who was in the 
marysshe, trustyng to have ben ther tyll it had ben night, 
and so to have scaped, was spyed by some that rode alonge 
by the marese; and they made suche an outcry on hym, 
that he came out and yelded hymselfe prisoner ; they toke 
and brought hym to the boost, and delyvered hym to their 
maister, who wolde gladly have saved him, for he knewe 
well he was in jeopardy of his lyfe. Anone, tidynges of 
hym was brought to the French kyng, who incontynent dyd 
send for hym, and the kyng immediately sent hym to Lyle, 
by cause he had done to them moche damage ; and so within 
the towne they dyd put him to deth : they wold in no wyse 
have pyte of hym, nor put hym to any ransome. 

1 Tke Scarpe. 


Howe therle of Heynault assayled the fortresse of 
Mortayne in Picardy by dyvers maners. 

OF this dede that sir Robert Bayllieull had done the 
Frenche kyng was ryght joyouse; and within a 
season after, the erle of Heynault, sir John, his 
uncle, and the seneshall of Heynalt, with a vi. hundred 
speares, Heynowes, and Almayns, departed fro the siege of 
Turney. And therle sent to them of Valencens, that they 
shulde come and mete with hym before Mortayne, and to 
come bytwene Lescharpe,^ and Lescault, to assayle Mor- 
tayne : and they came thyder in great array, axid brought 
with them great engyns. The lorde of Beaujeu, who was 
captayne within Mortayn, greatly douted assautyng, bycause 
the fortresse stode nere to the ryver and nere to Heynault, 
as on all parties; therfore he caused xii. C. pyles to be 
driven in the ryver, to thyntent that no passage shulde be 
that way. Howbeit, for all that the erle of Heynault, and 
the Heynous came thyder on the one syde, and they of 
Valencens on the other part, and incontynent they made an 


assaut, and aproched the barrers ; but ther were suche depe CAP. LIX 
trenches, that they coude nat come nere. Than some advysed Howe therle 
to passe the ryver of Lescharpe, and so to come on the syde of Heynault 
towarde saynt Amand, and to make an assaut at the gate ^ssayled the 
toward Maulde ; and as they devysed, a foure hundred Mortayne in 
passed the ryver : so than Mortayne was closed in thre Picardy. 
partes, the wekyst syde was towarde Mauld ; howbeit, ther 
was strength ynough. To that parte came the lorde Beaujeu 
hymselfe to defende it, for he feared none of the other sydes. 
He had in his hande a great glave, sharpe and well stelyd, 
and above the blade, ther was a sharpe hoke of stele, that 
whan he gave his stroke, the hoke shulde take holde : and 
loke on whome that it fastened, he came to hym, or els fell 
in the water ; by that meanes the same day he cast into the 
water mo than xii. at that gate the assaut was feresyst. 
The erle of Heynalt, who was on the other syde, knewe 
nothyng of that assaut ; he was araynged alonge the ryver 
syde of Lescault, and devysed howe they might get out of 
the ryver the pyles byforce, or by subtyltie, for than they 
might come just to the walles. They ordayned to make a 
shyppe and a gret engyn to drawe out the pyles, eche one 
after other ; their carpenters were set awarke, and the engyn 
made in a shyppe; and the same day, they of Valencens 
raysed on their syde a great engyn, and dyd cast in stones, 
so that it sore troubled them within. Thus the first day 
passed, and the night, in assayling and devysing howe they 
might greve them in the fortresse ; the nexte day they went 
to assaut on all partes, and the thirde day the shyppe was 
redy, and thengyn to drawe out the pyles, and than dyd set 
awarke to drawe them out, but ther were so many, and 
suche labour in the doyng, or they coude drawe out one, 
that they were wery of that craft, and the lordes wolde 
they had never begon it, and so commaunded to cease their 
warke. On the other part within Mortayne, there was a 
connyng maister in makyng of engyns, who sawe well howe 
thengyn of Valencens dyd greatly greve them. He raysed an 
engyn in the castell, the which was nat very great, but he 
trymmed it to a poynt; and he cast therwith but three 
tymes, the firste stone fell a xii. foot fro thengyn without, 
the seconde fell nerer, and the thirde stone hit so evyn, that 
X 161 



Howe therle 
of Heynault 
assayled the 
fortresse of 
Mortayne in 


it brake clene asonder the shaft of thengyn without. Than 
the soudyers of Mortaygne made a great shout ; so thus the 
Heynous coude get nothyng ther. Than therle sayd, howe 
he wolde withdrawe, and go agayne to the siege of Tourney : 
and so they dyd, and they of Valencens retourned to their 


Howe therle of Heynault toke the towne of saynt 
Amande duryng the siege before Tourney. 

THRE dayes after that therle of Heynault was re- 
tourned fro Mortaygne, he desyred certayne com- 
panyons to go to saynt Amande, for he had dyvers 
complayntes, how the soudyers of saynt Amand had 
burnt thabbey of Hanon, and had nere brent Vycoigne, 
and had done many dispytes to the fronters of Heynalt. 
So therle departed fro the sige with a iii. M. men, and came 
before saynt Amand, on the syde towarde Mortayne. The 
towne was nat closed but with pales, and captayne ther was 
a knyght of Languedoke, the senesshall of Carcassone, who 
had sayd to the monkes of thabbey ther, and to them of 
the towne, that it was nat able to holde agaynst an boost ; 
howbeit, he sayd, rather than he wolde depart, he wolde 
kepe it to the best of his power : but that he sayd was in 
the maner of counsell, howbeit, his wordes was nat byleved. 
But long before the juels of the abbey were caryed to 
Mortaygne, for the more suretie, and thyder went the abbot 
and all his monkes, for they were no men of warr. And 
they of Valencennes came at therles commaundement with 
a xii. thousande men, and all the crosbowes, kept the gate 
towarde the bridge of Lesharpe ; ther began a ferse assaut, 
and many sore hurts on bothe parties. This asaut endured 
all the day ; they of Valencens coude get nothynge ther ; 
they within scorned and mocked them, and sayd. Sirs, go 
your way, and drink your good ale; and agaynst night, 
they of Valencennes withdrewe right wery, and had gret 
marveyle that they coude here no tidynges of therle their 
lorde, and therfore they dysloged, and drewe towarde their 
towne. The next mornyng betymes, therle departed fro 


Turney and came to saynt Amand, on the syde towarde CAP. LX 
Mortayne ; and incontynent they made assaute, feers and Howe therle 
cruell, and wan at the first the bayles, and came to the gate of Heynault 
towarde Mortaygne; and ther therle and his uncle made a *°^® *^® 
great assaut, and eche of them had such a stroke on the g^ynt^ ^ 
heed with stones, that their basenettes were cloven, and Amande. 
their heedes sore astonyed. At last, one sayd to therle, Sir, 
this way we shall never entre, the way is strayet and strongly 
kept ; but sir, make great rammes of wood, like pyles, and 
let us ronne with them agaynst the abbey walles, and we 
shall peerse it through in dyvers places, and if we get 
thabbey, the towne is ours ; than therle commaunded so to 
be done. And anone, gret peaces of tymber wer gote, and 
made sharpe before, and to every pace, twentie or xxx. 
persons, ronnyng therwith agaynst the wall, so that they 
brake the wall in dyvers places, and valyantly entred ther, 
and passed a lytell ryver that ranne within. And ther was 
redy the seneshall of Carcassone, his baner before hym, the 
which was goules, a sheflfe sylver, thre chevrons in the 
shefFe, bordred sylver indented ; and he and his company 
defended valyantly the Heynowes as long as they might, 
but their defence coude nat avayle, for the Heynowes wer 
so many : and in their entryng into thabbey, ther was a 
monke called danne Frossart, who dyde marvels, for he 
kylled and hurt at the hole ther as he stode an xviii. so 
that none durst entre in at that place, but finally he was 
fayne to depart, for he sawe howe the Henous entred into 
the abbey in djrvers places : and soo the monke saved hym- 
selfe as well as he might, and went to Mortayne. Whan 
therle and his company wer entred into thabbey, he com- 
maunded that all shulde be put to the swerde, they had so 
sore dyspleased hym, and done suche hurt in his contrey. 
The towne anone was full of men of armes, and they within 
chased and sought for, fro strete to strete, and in every 
house, so that fewe scaped, but all wer slayne ; the seneshall 
was slayne under his standarde, and a ii. C. men rounde 
about hym ; and agaynst night, therle retourned to Turney. 
The next day, they of Valencens came agayne to saynt 
Amand, and brent clene the towne, and thabbey minster 
and all, and brake all the belles, the which were goodly. 




Howe therle 
of Heynault 
toke the 
towne of 

^ Vervaux, 


Another day, therle agayne departed fro the siege with 
vi. C. men of armes, and went and brent Orchies, Landas, 
and the Chell, and than passed by Hanon the ryver of 
Lesharpe, and went into France to a great abbey, and a 
ryche, called Marchienes, wherof sir Amye of Vernaulx^ 
was captayne, and with hym certayne crosbowes of Doway. 
Ther therle made assaut, for the captayne had well fortifyed 
the firste gate with great depe dykes, and the Frenchmen and 
monkes ther defended themselfe right nobly. The Heynous 
at last gate them botes and barges, and therby entred into 
thabbey ; but there was a knyght of Almayne drowned, a 
companyon of the lorde Falquemont, called sir Bacho de la 
Wyer ; therle and his uncle, and the seneshall, dyd at the 
gate so valyantly, that the gate was wone, and sir Amye and 
his company slayne or taken ; and ther were taken dyvers 
monkes, and thabbey robbed and brent, and the towne also : 
than therle retourned to the siege before Tourney. 


Of the takyng of Charles Mommoreney and dyvers 
'^Pontd,Tremn. other Frenchemen at the bridge of Cressyn.^ 

THIS siege before Tourney was long and great, and 
the kyng of England supposed ever to wyn it, for 
he knewe well ther were moche people within, and 
but scant of vytayle, wherfore he thought to famyssh them : 
and some sayde, they founde somme courtesy in theym of 
Brabaunt, in sufFerynge vytayles to passe through their 
boost into the cyte ; and they of Brussels and Lovane wer 
sore wery with taryeng ther so long, and they desyred the 
marshall of thost, that they might have leave to retourne 
into Brabant. The marshall sayd, he was well content, but 
than they must leve all their harnes behynde them : with 
the which answere they were so ashamed that they never 
spake therof more. 

Nowe I shall shewe you of a journey that the Almayns 
made at the same bridge of Cressyne, wher as sir Robert 
Bayllule dysconfitted the Heynowes, as the lorde of Rau- 
derondence and sir John his son, John Randebourg, 



esquyer, syr Arnolde of Baquehen, sir Raynolde Descouve- CAP. LXI 
nort, sir Rorrant Dasto, sir Bastyen de Bastes, and Can- Of the takyng 
drelyer, his brother, sir Strauren de Leurne, and dyverse of Charles 
other of the duchy of JuUers, and of Queries.^ All these Mommor- 
rode forthe on a day, and also they had with them certayne dyvers^other 
bachellers of Heynalt ; as sir Floren of Beauryon,^ sir Latas Frenchemen. 
de la Hey marshall of thoost, sir John of Heynalt, syr 1 QuOdres 
Oulphart of Guystels, sir Robert Glennes of therldome of 2 Beaurieu. 
Loz, and dyvers other : they wer a thre C. they came to the 
bridge of Cressyn, and passed without danger. Than they 
toke counsell what they shulde do, and it was thought 
moste for their honour to go and awake the French host ; 
ther it was ordayned that the lorde Rauderondence, and 
his son, sir Henry of Keukren, sir Tylman of Sausey, sir 
Olphart of Guystels, sir Lalemant, bastarde of Heynalt, 
Robert of Glennes, and Jaquelat of Tyaulx, shulde ryde, 
and sodenly dasshe into the Frenche host ; and the other 
knyghtes and squyers, to the nombre of thre C. shulde abyde 
styll at the brige, to kepe the passage. Thus these currours 
rode forthe to the nombre of a xl. speres, tyll they came to 
thoost, and so dassht in and overthrue tentes and pavilyons, 
and skirmysshed with the Frenchmen. The same night, two 
great barons of France had kept the wache, that is to say, 
the lorde of Mommorency, and the lorde of Salieu. And 
whan they harde the noyse, they came with their baners to 
that part ; than the Almayns retourned towarde the brige, 
and the Frenchmen after them feersly ; and in the chase, sir 
Olphart of Guystels, was taken, for he was purblynde, and 
also two bretherne, Mondrope and Jaquelet Tyaulx ; they 
wer so nere togyder, that ech of them understode others 
langage. And the Frenchmen sayd to the Almayns, Sirs, ye 
shall nat scape thus : than one sayd to the lorde of Rauder- 
ondence, Sir, take good hede, for methynke the Frenchmen 
wyll be at the bridge or we. Well sayd he, though they 
knowe one way, I knowe another ; than he tourned on the 
right hande, and toke a way nat moche used, the which 
brought thym and his company to the foresayd ryver, the 
which was so depe, and envyroned with maresshes, that they 
coude nat passe ther, so that they were fayne to repasse by 
the bridge ; and the Frenchemen ever rode a great galoppe 




of Charles 
ency and 
dyvers other 

CAP. LXI towarde the bridge, and whane they came nere to the brige, 
Of thetakyng and sawe that great busshment ther, they sayd among them- 
selfe, I trowe we chase folysshly, we might lightly lese, 
rather than wyn. Than dyvers of them retourned, and speci- 
ally the lorde of saynt Saulieu, with his baner and his 
company : and the lorde Charles of Mommorency, with his 
baner, rode ever forwarde and wold nat recule, and so with 
great courage sette on the Almayns. At the first brunt ther 
was a feerse encounter, and dy verse overthrowen on bothe 
parties. Than came in on thother syde, thother Almayns, 
and so enclosed in the Frenchmen. The lorde Renolde of 
Dyscouvenort knewe well the baner of the lorde Mommor- 
ency, who was under his banner, with his swerde in his hand, 
fightyng on every syde, and so came sodenly on his right 
hande, and with his lyft hande, he toke the bridell of the lorde 
Mommorencies horse, and spurred forthe his owne horse, 
and so drewe hym out of the batayle ; and ever the lorde 
Mommorency strake and gave hym many great strokes, the 
which some he receyved, and some he defended. But finally, 
ther he was taken prisoner ; so the Almayns dyde so moche, 
that they obtayned the place, and toke a fourscore prisoners 
of gentylmen : than they repassed the bridge without any 
danger, and so came agayne to the siege before Tourney. 


Howe the Flemmynges were before saynt Omers 
duryng the siege. 

OW let us shewe of an adventure that fell to the 

J'lemmynges, of the whiche company ther were 

captayns sir Robert Dartoyse, and sir Henry of 

Flanders : they wer in norabre a xl. M. what of the 

townes of Ippre, Propyngne, Messynes, Cassell, and of the 

1 Castlewick of Catelayne of Bergus : ^ all these Flemmynges lay in the vale 
of Cassell in tentes and pavylions, to countergaryson the 
French garysons, that the French kynge had layed at saynt 
Omers, at Ayre, at saynt Venaunt, and in other townes 

and forteresses there aboute. And in saynt Omers there 

2 ChaZenfon. was therle dolphyne of Auvergne, the lorde- of Kalengen,^ 





the lorde of Montaygu, the lorde of Rocheforte, the vy- CAP. LXII 
count of Touars, and dyvers other knyghtes of Auvergne Howe the 
and Lymosyn. And in Ayre and saynt Venant ther were Flemmynges 
also many soudyers, and often tymes they yssued out and ^ere before 

»/ •/ ' t/ »f J S3.VT1T \ /TY1P1*S 

skirmysshed with the Flemmynges. On a day iiii. M. went to ^ 
the subarbes of saynt Omers and brake downe dyvers houses 
and robbed them ; the fray anon was knowen in the towne, 
and the lordes within armed them and their company, and 
yssued out at another gate : they were a vi. baners, and a 
ii. C. men of armes, and a vi. C. fotemen, and they came by a 
secrete way on the Flemmynges, who were besy to robbe and 
pyll the towne of Arkes, nere to saynt Omers. There they 
were spredde abrode without captayne, or good order ; than 
the Frenchmen came on them in good order of batell, 
their baners displayed, cryeng Cleremont, the dolphyne of 
Auvergne : wherwith the Flemmynges were abasshed, and 
beatyn downe by hepes ; and the chase of them endured 
ii. leages, and ther were slayne a iiii. M. and viii. C. and a 
iiii. C. taken prisoners, and ledde to saynt Omers. And suche 
as fledde and scaped retourned to the boost, and shewed 
their companyons their adventure; and at last tidynges 
therof came to their captayns, sir Robert Dartoyse, and sir 
Henry of Flanders, who sayd, it was well enployed, for 
they went forthe without commaundement, or capitayne. 
And the same nyght, or it was mydnight, the Flemynges 
lyeng in their tentes aslepe, sodenly generally among them 
all, ther fell suche a feare in their hertes, that they rose in 
great haste, and with suche payne, that they thought nat 
to be dysloged tyme ynough ; they bete downe their owne 
tentes, and pavilyons, and trussed all their caryages, and so 
fledde away, nat abyding one for another, without kepyng 
of any right way. Whan these tidynges came to their two 
captayns, they rose hastely and made gret fiers, and toke 
torches and mounted on their horses, and so came to these 
Flemmynges, and sayd, Sirs, what ayleth you, do you want any 
thyng, why do you thus flye away, be you nat well assured .? 
retourne in the name of God, ye be to blame thus to flye, 
and no man chase you. But for all their wordes, every man 
fledde the next way to their owne houses. And whan these 
lordes sawe none other remedy, they trussed all their hames 



CAP. LXII in waganes, and retourned to the hoost before Tourney, and 
Howe the ther shewed the adventure of the Flemmynges, wherof every 
Flemmynges man had marveyle : some sayd they were overcome with 
were before fantvses 
sayntOmers. ^^-^^yses. 


Howe the siege before Tourney was broken up 
by reason of a truse. 

THIS siege endured a long season, the space of a 
xi. wekes, thre dayes lesse ; and all that season the 
lady Jane of Valoys, suster to the Frenche king, and 
mother to therle of Heynalt, traveyled gretly, what on the 
one part and on thother, to have a respyte and a peace 
bytwene the parties, so that they might depart without 
batayle. And dyvers tymes she kneled at the fete of the 
Frenche kyng in that behalfe, and also made great labour to 
the lordes of thempyre, and specially to the duke of Brabant, 
and to the duke of Jullers, who had her doughter in 
maryage, and also to sir John of Heynalt. So moch the 
good lady procured with the ayde and counsell of Loys 
Daugymont, who was wel beloved with both parties, that it 
was graunted, that eche partie shulde sende foure sufficyent 
persons, to treat on some good way to acorde the parties, 
and a truse for thre dayes ; these apoynters shuld mete in a 
lytell chapell, standyng in the feldes called Esplotyn. At the 
day apoynted these persons mette, and the good lady with 
them : of the Frenche partie, ther was Charles kyng of 
Behayne, Charles erle Dalanson, brother to the Frenche 
kyng, and the bysshoppe of Liege, therle of Flanders, and 
therle of Armynack ; of thenglysshe partie, there was the 
duke of Brabant, the bysshop of Lincolne, the duke of 
Guerles, the duke of Jullers, and sir John of Heynalt. And 
whan they were all met, they made ech to other gret 
salutacyons, and good chere, and than entred into their 
treaty. And all that day they comuned on dyvers ways of 
acorde, and alwayes the good lady of Valoys was a mong 
them, desyringe effectuously all the parties, that they wolde 
do their labour to make a peace; howbeit, the first day 
passed without any thing doyng ; and so they retourned, and 


promysed to mete agayne the next day : the whiche day they CAP. LXIII 
came togyther agayne in the same place, and so fell agayne Howe the 
into their treaty ; and so fell unto certayne poyntes agree- siege before 
able : but it was as thanne so late, that they coude nat put Tourney was 
it in writynge as that day ; and to make an ende, and to make reason'of^ ^ 
perfyght the mater if they might, the thirde day they met truse. 
agayne, and so finally acorded on a truse, to endure for 
a yere bytwene all parties, and all ther men ; and also 
bytwene them that were in Scotlande, and all suche as made 
warr in Gascoyne, Poyctou, and in Santon ; ^ and this treuse ^ Saintonge. 
to begyn the xl. day next ensuyng, and within that space 
every partie to gyve knowlege to his men without mallengyn ; 
and if suche companyes woll nat kepe the peace, let them 
be at their chose. But as for France, Pycardy, Burgoyne, 
Bretayne, and Normandy, to be bounde to this peace, 
without any excepcyon ; and this peace to begyn incontynent 
bytwene the hostes of the two kynges. Also it was deter- 
myned, that bothe parties, in eche of their names, shulde 
sende foure or fyve personages as their embassodours and to 
mete at Arras ; and the pope in likwyse to sende thyder 
foure, and ther to make a full confirmacyon without any 
meane. Also by this truse, every partie to enjoy and 
possede all and every thynge, that they were as than in 
possessyon of. This truse incontynent was cryed in bothe 
hoostes, wherof the Brabances were right gladde, for they 
were sore wery with so long lyeng at the siege ; so that the 
nexte day, assone as it was day lyght, ye shulde have sene 
tentes taken downe, charyotes charged, and people remove 
so thycke, that a man wold have thought to have sene a 
newe worlde. Thus the good towne of Tourney was safe 
without any great damage; howebeit they within endured 
gret payne, their vytayls began to fayle, for, as it was sayd, 
they had as than scant to serve them a thre or foure dayes 
at the moost. The Brabances departed quickely, for they 
had grete desyre therto : the kyng of Englande departed 
sore agaynst his mynde, if he might have done otherwyse, 
but in maner he was fayne to folowe the wylles of the other 
lordes, and to byleve their counsayls. And the Frenche kynge 
coude abyde no lengar there as he lay, for the yvell ayre, 
and the wether hote : so the Frenchmen had the honour of 
Y 169 


CAP. LXIII that journey, bycause they had rescued Tourney and caused 
Howe the their ennemies to departe. The kyng of Englande and the 
siege before lordes on his partie, sayd how they had the honour, by 
Tourney was reason that they had taryed so long within the realme, and 
reaso^n of^a besieged one of the good townes therof, and also had wasted 
truse. and burnt in the Frenche contrey, and that the Frenche 

kynge had nat rescued it in tyme and hour, as he ought to 
have done, by gyvyng of batayle, and finally agreed to a 
truse, their ennemies beyng styll at the siege, and brennyng 
his contrey. Thus these lordes departed fro the siege of 
Tourney, and every man drewe to his owne. The kynge of 
Englande came to Gaunt to the queue his wyfe, and shortly 
after passed the see, and all his, except suche as shulde be at 
the parlyament at Arras. Therle of Heynalt retourned to 
his contrey, and helde a noble feest at Mons, in Heynault, 
and a great justes; in the which Gararde of Verchyn, 
seneshall of Heynault dyd just, and was so sore hurt, that 
he dyed of the stroke ; he had a sonne called Johann, who 
was after a good knyght, and a hardy, but he was but a 
whyle in good helthe. The French kyng gave leave to every 
man to departe, and went hymselfe to Lyle, and thyder 
came they of Tourney, and the kyng receyved them.joyously, 
and dyd shewe them gret grace : he gave them frely their 
franches, the which they had lost longe before : wherwith 
they were joyouse, for sir Godmer du Fay, and dyvers other 
knyghtes had ben long governours ther; than they made 
newe provost, and j urates, acordynge to their auncyent 
usages ; than the kyng departed fro Lyle, to go to Parys. 

Nowe than came the season that the counsayle shulde be 
at Arras : and for pope Clement, thyder came in legacyon, 
the cardynall of Napuls, and the cardynall of Cleremont, 
who came to Parys, wher as the kyng made theym moche 
honour, and so came to Arras ; for the Frenche kyng, ther 
was therle of Alanson, the duke of Burbon, therle of 
Flaunders, therle of Bloys, the archebysshoppe of Senes, the 
1 Beauvais. bysshop of Beawayes,^ and the bysshoppe of Aucerre : and 
for the kyng of England, ther was the bysshop of Lyncolne, 
the bysshoppe of Durame, therle of Warwyke, sir Robert 
Dartoyse, sir John of Heynalt, and sir Henry of Flanders. 
At the whiche treaty ther were many maters put forthe, and 


SO contynued a xv. dayes, and agreed of no poynt of effect : CAP. LXIII 
for thenglysshmen demaunded, and the frenchmen wolde Howe the 
nothyng gyve, but all onely to rendre the countie of Poyctou, siege before 
the which was gyven with quene Isabell in maryage with Tourney was 
the kyng of Englande. So this parlyament brake up and rea^o^n o"f*a^^ 
nothyng done, but the truse to be relonged two yeres lengar : truse. 
that was all that the cardynals coude get. Than every man 
departed, and the two cardynals went through Heynault at 
the desyre of therle, who feested them nobly. 


No we speketh the hystorie of the warres of 

Bretayne, and howe the duke dyed without 

heyre, wherby the dyscencion fell. 

WHAN that this sayde trewse was agreed and 
sayled before the cyte of Tumey, every lord and 
all maner of people dysloged, and every man i 

drue into his owne contrey. The duke of Bretayne, who 
had ben with the French kyng, as well furnysshed as any 
other prince that was ther, departed homwarde : and in his 
way a sickenes toke hym, so that he dyed : at whiche tyme he ^ 

had no chylde, nor had never none by the duchies, nor had 
no trust to have. He had a brother by the father side, 
called erle of Mountfort, who was as than Ijrveyng, and he 
had to his wyfe, suster to therle Loyes of Flaunders. This 
sayd duke had another brother, bothe by father and mother, 
who was as than deed : and he had a doughter alyve, and 
the duke, her uncle, had maryed her to the Lord Charles of 
Bloyes, eldyst sonne of therle Guy, of Bloyes, that the same 
erle had by the suster of kyng Philyppe of France, who as 
than raygned, and had promysed with her in maryage the 
duchy of Bretayne, after his dyscease. For he douted that 
the erle Mountfort wolde clayme the inherytance, as next of 
blode, and yet he was nat his proper brother germayne ; and 
the duke thought that the doughter of his brother germa3me 
oughte by reason to be more nere to the inherytaunce after 
his dycease, than therle Mountfort, his brother. And bycause 
he fered, that after his dycease therle of Mountfort wolde 



CAP. LXIIII take away the ryght fro his yong nese, therfore he maryed 
Nowe speketh her with the sayd sir Charles of Bloys, to thyntent that kyng 
the hystorie Philyp, uncle to her housbande, shuld ayd to kepe her right 
'^f B^te^"^^ agaynst therle Mountfort, yf he medyll any thynge in the 
^ * mater. Assone as the erle Mountfort knewe that the duke 
his brother was deed, he went incontynent to Nauntes, the 
soverayne cytie of all Bretayne ; and he dyd so moche to the 
burgesses, and to the people of the contrey ther about, that 
he was receyved as their chefe lorde, as moost next of blode 
to his brother dysceased, and so dyd to hym homage and 
fealtie. Than he and his wyfe, who had both the hertes of 
a lyon, determyned with their counsell to call a court, and 
to kepe a solempne fest at Nauntes, at a day lymitted : 
agaynst the which day, thei sent for all the nobles and 
counsails of the good townes of Bretayne, to be there, to do 
their homage and fealte to hym, as to their soveraygne 
lorde. In the meane season, or this fest began, therle 
Mounfort, with a great nombre of men a warr, departed fro 
1 Limoges. Nauntes, and went to Lymogines,^ for he was enformed that 
the tresur that his father had gadered many a day before, 
was ther kept secrete. Whan he came ther he entred into 
the cyte with gret tryumphe, and dyd hym moche honour, 
and was nobly receyved of the burgesses, of the clergie, and 
of the commons, and they all dyd hym fealtie, as to their 
soveraygne lorde ; and by such meanes as he founde, that gret 
treasur was delyverd to him ; and whan he had taryed there 
at his pleasure, he departed with all his treasur, and came 
to Nauntes, to the countes his wyfe. And so their they taryed 
in grete joye, tyll the day came of the feest, and made gret 
provysions against the same : and whan the day came, and 
no man apered for no commaundement, except one knyght, 
called sir Henry du Leon, a noble and a puysaunt man ; so 
they kept the feest a thre dayes, as well as they might, with 
such as were ther. Than it was determyned to retayne 
soudyers a horsbacke, and a fote, and so to dyspende his gret 
tresure, to attayne to his purpose of the duchy, and to 
constrayne all rebels to come to mercy. So soudyers wer 
retayned on all sydes and largely payed, so that they 
had a great nombre a fote and a horsback, nobles and 
other of dyverse countreis. 



Howe therle of Mountfort toke the towne 
and castell of Brest 

WHAN therle of Mountfort sawe howe he had peple 
ynough, than he was counsayled to go and con- 
quere all the contre, outher by love or by force, 
and to subdue all his rebels. Than he yssued out of the 
cytie of Nauntes with a great boost, and went to a strong 
castell, standynge on the see syde, called Brest, and cap- 
tayne therin was sir Garnyer of Clysson, a noble knyght, 
and one of the grettest barownes in Bretayne. Therle 
Mountfort or he came to Brest, he constrayned so all the 
countrey except the fortresses, that every man folowed hym 
a horsbacke or a fote : none durste do none otherwyse. 
Whan therle came to the castell of Brest, he caused syr 
Henry de Leon to sende to the captayn to speke with hym, 
movyng hym to obey to therle, as to the duke of Bretayne. 
The knight answered, he wold do nothyng after that mocyon, 
tyll he had otherwyse in commaundement, fro hym that 
ought to be lorde ther by right ; and the next day, therle 
dyd assaut the castell. Within the castell were a iii. C. men 
of armes, and every man was set to his part of defence ; and 
than the captayn toke a xl. good men of armes, and came 
to the barryers, and so ther was a sore assaut, and dyvers 
sore hurt : but finally, ther came so many assaylantes, that 
the bayles were wonne byfore, and the defendantes fayne 
to retourne into the castell, at a harde adventure, for ther 
were djrvers slayne : but the captayn e dyd so valyantly, 
that he brought his company into the chyefe gate. They 
that kepte the warde of the gate, whan they sawe that 
myschyefe, feared lesyng of the castell ; and sodenly they 
lette downe the portcolyse, and closed their owne capteyne, 
and certayne with him without, who right nobly defended 
themselfe ; they were sore hurt, and in great daunger of 
deth, and the captayne wold never yelde hymselfe : they 
within cast out stones, tymber, yron, and pottes with quycke 
lyme, so that the assaylantes were fayne to drawe backe. 




towne and 
castell of 

CAP. LXV Than they drue up a lytell of the portcolyse, and the cap- 
Howe therle tayne entred, and his company, such as wer left alyve with 
of Mountfort hjjn gore wounded. The next day, therle caused certayne 
^ ^ ^ ingenes to be raysed, and sayde, howe that he wolde nat 
depart thens, tyll he had the castell at his pleasure : the 
thyrde day he understode howe the captayne within was 
deed of such hurtes as he receyved before at entry nge into 
the castell, and trewe it was. Than the duke Mountfort 
caused a great assaut to be made, and had certayne instru- 
mentes made of tymber, to caste over the dykes to come to 
the harde walles ; they within defended themselfe as well as 
they myght, tyll it was noone : than the duke desyred them 
to yelde, and to take hym for their duke, and he wold frely 
pardon them ; wherupon they toke counsell, and the duke 
caused the assaut to cease, and fynally they yelded them, 
their lyves and goodes saved. Than therle of Mountfort 
entred into the castell with certayne nombre, and receyved 
the feaultie of all the men of that Chatelayne ; and ther he 
sette to be captayne, a knyght whom he trusted moche, and 
than he retourned to his felde right joyouse. 



Howe therle of Mountfort toke the cytie of Renes. 

WHAN the erle of Mountfort was retourned to his 
felde, and had stablysshed his captayns in the 
castell of Brest, thane he drewe towarde the 
cite of Renes, the which was nat farr thens : and every 
where as he went, he made every man to do him homage 
and feaulte, as to their ryght lorde, and dayly encreased 
his boost ; so he came before Renes, and pyght up his 
tentes, and lodged his peple round e aboute the cyte, and in 
the subbarbes. They within made great semblant of defence ; 
capytaine ther was sir Henry Pennefort,^ who was well 
beloved for his treweth and valyantnesse. On a mornyng he 
yssued out with a two hundred men, and dasshed into the 
boost, and bete downe tentes, and slewe dyvers : suche of 
the host as had kept watche the same night, drue to the 
noyse; than they of the fortresse withdrewe, and fledde 


agajme to their castell, but they taryed so longe, that CAP. LXY 

dyvers of theym were taken and slayne ; and sir Henry of Howe therle 

Penfort was taken and brought to the erle : than the erle of Mountfort 

caused hym to be brought before the cytie, and to be shewed *^K® *^® 

to the burgesses, that if they wolde save his lyfe, to yelde ^2!.^° 

up the towne, or els he shulde be hanged before the gates. 

Thane they of Renes toke counsayle, the whiche enduredde 

longe, for the commons had great pyte of their captayne, 

and he was wel beloved among them ; also they consydred 

howe they hadde but small store of vytayle, long to defende 

the siege, wherfore they sayde they wolde have peace ; but 

the great burgesses, who hadde ynough for theymselfe, wolde 

nat agre to yelde up the towne; so that their dyscorde 

multiplyed so farre, that the great burgesses who were all 

of one lynnage drewe aparte, and sayde. Sirs, all that woll 

take our parte, drawe to us ; so that there drewe togyther 

of one affinyte and lynnage, to the nombre of a two 

thousande. And whan the other commons sawe that, they 

began to sterre, and sayde to the burgesses many evyll and 

vylanous wordes, and finally ran togyder, and slewe dyvers 

of them : than whan the burgesses sawe what myschefe they 

were in, they agreed to them, and sayde, they wolde as they 

desyred. Than ceased the fray, and all the commons ranne 

and opyned the gates, and yelded the cytie to therle Moun- 

fort, and dyde homage and feaultie to hym, and toke hym as 

their lorde, and so dyd sir Henry Penfort, who was made of 

therles counsayle. 


Howe the erle Mountfort toke the towne and 

castell of Hanybont.^ ' Hmneiont. 

THUS therle of Mountfort entred into Renes with 
great feest and lodged his host sty 11 in the feldes, 
and made the peace agayn bytwene the burgesses 
and the commons; than he made ther baylyffes, provost, 
aldermen, sergyantes, and other officers, and taryed ther 
thre dayes ; than he dyslodged, and drue towarde the 
strongest castell in all Bretayn, called Hanybont, standynge 




toke the 
towne and 
castell of 

CAP. LXVII on a port of the see, and the see rennynge rounde aboute in 
Howe the erle gret dykes. Whan sir Henry of Penfort sawe how therle 
Mountfort wolde go thyder, he feared his brother, who was captayn 
ther : than he came to therle in counsell, and sayd, Sir, it 
hath pleased you to admyt me as one of your counsaylours, 
and sir, I have gyven you my fayth and allegiance ; I under- 
stande ye purpose to go to Hanybont: sir, knowe for 
trouth, the towne and the castell ar of suche strength, that 
they be nat easy to wynne: I thynke surely ye may well 
lese your tyme there a hole yere, or ye wynne it perforce ; 
but sir, if it wyll please you to byleve me, I shal shewe you 
the wayes howe to wynne it: whane force can nat helpe, 
subtylte and craft must avayle. If ye wyll delyver me 
V. hundred men of armes, to be rueled as I woll have them, 
I shall go with them halfe a leage before your boost, with 
the baner of Bretayn before me : and my brother, who is 
governour of the castell and of the towne, as sone as he 
shall se the banner of Bretayne, and knowe that it is I, he 
woll opyn the gates and let me entre, and all my company ; 
and assone as I am within, I shall take hym as prisoner, 
and take possessyon of the towne and gates, and I shall 
rendre my brother into your handes, to do your pleasure 
with hym, without he woll obey as I woll have him; so 
that ye promyse me by the fayth of your body, that ye 
shall do his person no bodely hurte. The which request 
therle promysed, and sayd. If ye bringe this about, I shall 
love you the better ever after. Than sir Henry Penfort 
departed with his company apoynted, and agaynst evenynge, 
he came to Hanybont, and whan his brother, Olyver Pen- 
fort, knewe of his commyng, he opyned the gates and let 
hym entre, wenynge he had ben come to have ayded hym, 
and so came and mette his brother in the strete. Assone 
as sir Henry sawe hym, he aproched to hym, and toke hym 
by the arme, and sayd, Olyver, ye ar my prisoner. Howe so, 
quoth he, I have put my trust in you, thynkyng that ye 
were come hyther to ayde me to kepe this towne and 
castell. Brother, quoth sir Henry, the mater gothe nat so : 
I take possession of this towne for therle Mountfort, who is 
nowe duke of Bretayne, to whome I have made fealtie and 
homage, and the most part of the contrey hath obeyed 


unto hym, and so shall you do in likewyse, and it wer better CAP. LXVII 

ye dyd it by love than by force, ye shall deserve the more Howe the erle 

thanke. So moche Oly ver was styred by his brother that Mountfort 

he agreed to hym ; and so therle entred and toke possession *^^® *^® 

of the towne and castell and set ther a gret garison. Than c^gfi of 

he went with all his host to Vennes, and made such treatie Hanybont. 

with them, that they yelded up, and dyd fealtie and homage 

to hym, as to their soveraygne lorde ; and there he 

stablyssed all maner of officers, and taryed ther thre dayes. 

And fro thens he went and layd siege to a strong castell, 

called Roche Peron ; captayne therin was syr Olyver of 

Clysson, cosyn germayne to the lorde Clysson ; and therle 

lay ther at siege x. dayes, and coude fynde no wayes howe 

to gette the castell, it was so strong, and the captayne 

wolde in no wyse agre to obey, nother for fayre wordes nor 

foule. So the erle left that siege and departed for that tyme, 

and went and layd siege to another castell, a x. leages thens, 

called Aulroy,^ and therin was captayne sir Geffray Male- ^ Aurai. 

stroyt, and in his company sir Ivon of Triguyde: therle 

assayled the castell two tymes, but he sawe well he might 

rather lose ther, than wynne. Than he agreed to a truse 

for a day, at the instance of sir Henry de Leon, who was 

ever styll about hym. Soo the treaty toke such effect that 

they were all frendes, and the two knyghtes dyd homage to 

therle, and so departed, and left styll the same two knyghtes 

to be captayns ther, and of the contrey there about. Thanne 

he went to another castell, called Goy la Forest, and he 

that was captayne there, sawe howe therle had a great 

hoost, and howe the contrey was sore yelded to hym, and so 

by the counsell of sir Henry de Leon, with whome the 

capta)me had ben in company in Pruce, in Granade, and 

in dyvers other strange contreis, he acorded with therle, and 

dyd hym homage, and therle left hym styll captayne ther. 

Than therle went to Caraches,^ a good towne and a stronge 2 Carhaix. 

castell, and therin ther was a bysshoppe, who was lorde 

therof ; this prelate was uncle to sir Henry de Leon, so that 

by sir Henris meanes, the bysshoppe agreed with therle, 

and toke hym as his lorde, unto suche season as somme 

other shulde come, and shewe more ryght to the duchy 

of Bretaygne. 

Z 177 



Howe the erle Mountfort dyd homage to the 
kyng of England for the duchy of Bretayne. 

THUS therle Mountfort conquered the countrey, and 
made hymselfe to be called duke of Bretayne : 
than he went to a port on the see syde, called 
Gredo ; thane he sent his people abrode to kepe the townes 
and fortresses that he had won. Than he toke the see, 
with a certayne with hym, and so arryved in Cornwall, in 
England, at a port called Chepse ; than he enquered where 
the kynge was, and it was shewed hym howe that he was 
at Wyndsore, Than he rode thyderwarde, and came to 
Wyndsore, wher he was receyved with gret joye and feest, 
bothe of the kyng and of the queue, and of all the lordes. 
Than he shewed the kynge and his counsayle howe he was in 
possession of the duchy of Bretayne, fallen to hym by suc- 
cession, by the deth of his brother, last duke of Breten ; but 
he feared lest that sir Charles of Bloyes, and the Frenche 
kynge wolde put hym out therof by puyssance, wherfore he 
sayd, he was come thyder to relyve, and to holde the duchy 
of the kyng of Englande, by fealtie and homage, for ever, 
so that he wolde defende hym agaynst the Frenche kynge, 
and all other that shulde put hym to any trouble for the 
mater. The kynge of Englande ymagined that his warre 
agaynste the Frenche kynge shulde be well fortifyed by that 
meanes,and howe that he coude nat have no more profitable 
way for hym to entre into France, than by Bretayne, 
remembring howe the Almayns and Brabances had done 
lytell or nothyng for hym, but caused hym to spende moche 
money ; wherfore, joyously he condyscended to therle 
Mountfortes desyre, and there toke homage by the handes 
of therle, callyng hymselfe duke of Bretaygne. And ther 
the kyng of Englande, in the presence of suche lordes as 
were ther, bothe of Bretayne and of Englande, promysed 
that he wolde ayde, defende, and kepe hym as his liege 
man, agaynst every man, Frenche kyng and other. This 
homage and promyses were writen and sealed, and every 


partie had his part delyverd ; besyde that, the kynge and CAP. LXVIII 
the quene gave to therle and to his company, many great Howe the erle 
gyftes, in such wyse, that they reputed hym for a noble Mountfort 
kyng, and worthy to raygne in gret prosperyte. Than ^yd homage 
therle toke his leave and departed, and toke agayne the ^f Enela^^ 
see, and arryved at the forsayd port of Gredo, in base 
Bretayne, and so came to Nauntes to his wyfe, who sayde 
howe he had wrought by good and dyscrete counsayle. 


Howe therle Mountfort was somoned to be at 

the parlyament of Parys at the request of the 

lorde Charles of Bloyes. 

WHAN sir Charles of Bloys, who helde hymselfe 
rightfull inherytour to Bretaygne, by reason of 
his wyfe, harde howe the erle of Mountfort 
conquered beforce the countrey, the whiche by reason 
ought to be his, than he came to Parys to complayne to 
kyng Philyppe, his uncle : wherupon the kyng counselled 
with the nobles of the realme, what he might do in that 
matter : and it was counsaylled hym, that therle Mountfort 
shuld be by sufficyent messangers, somoned to apere at 
Parys, and ther to here what answere he wolde make. So 
these messangers were sent forthe, and they founde therle 
at Nauntes, makyng good chere, and he made to them great 
feest. And finally he answered, howe he wolde obey the 
kynges commaundement : and than made hym redy, and 
departed fro Nantes, and so came to Paris, with a iiii. C. 
horse with hym ; and the next day, he and all his mounted 
on their horses and rode to the kynges palayse. Ther the 
kynge and his xii. peres, with other great lordes of Fraunce, 
taryed his commyng, and the lorde Charles of Blois with 
them : than therle entred into the kynges chambre : he was 
well regarded and saluted of every person ; than he enclyned 
hymselfe to the kyng, and sayd Sir, I am come hyther at 
your commaundement and pleasure. Than the kyng sayd, 
Erie of Mountfort, for your so doyng, I can you good 




Howe therle 
was somoned 
to be at the 
of Parys. 


thanke; howbeit, I have marveyle, howe that ye durste 
undertake on you the duchy of Bretayne, wherin ye have 
no right, for there is another nerer than ye be, and ye 
wolde dysinheryt hym, and to mentayne your quarell, ye 
have ben with myne adversary the kynge of Englande, and 
as it is shewed me, ye have done hym homage for the same. 
Than therle sayd. Sir, byleve it nat, for surely ye ar but 
yvell enformed in that behalf; but syr, as for the right that 
ye speke of, sav3nng your dyspleasur, ye do me therin wrong, 
for syr, I knowe none so nere to my brother, that is 
departed, as I; if it were juged, or playnly declared by 
right, that there were another nerer than I, I wolde nat be 
rebell, nor ashamed to leave it. Well sir, quoth the kyng, 
ye say well, but I commaund you in all that ye holde of me, 
that ye depart nat out of this cytie of Parys, this xv. dayes, 
by the which tyme the xii. peres and lordes of my realme 
shall judge this mater, and than ye shall knowe what right 
ye have, and if ye do otherwyse, ye shall displease me. 
Than therle sayd, Syr, all shal be at your pleasure ; thane 
he went fro the court to his lodgyng to dyner; whan he 
came to his lodgynge he entred into his chambre, and ther 
satte and ymagined many doutes ; and finally, with a small 
company, he mounted on his horse, and retoumed agayne 
into Bretayne, or the kynge or any other wyst wher he was 
become : some thought he had ben but a lytell sicke in his 
lodgyng. And whan he came to Nauntes, he shewed the 
countesse what he had done, and than by her counsel, he 
rode to all the townes and fortresses that he had wonne, 
and stablysshed in them good captayns and soudyers a hors- 
backe and fote, and dyd gyve them good wages. 


Howe the duchy of Bretayne was juged to 
sir Charles of Bloyes. 

IT is to be thought that the Frenche kynge was sore 
dyspleased whan he knewe that the erle of Mount- 
forte was so departed ; howbeit, he taryed tyll the 
XV. day, that the lordes shulde gyve their judgement on 


the duchy of JBretayne. Whan the day came they judged it CAP. LXX 

clerely to syr Charles of Bloys wyfe, who was doughter to Howe the 

the brother germayne of the duke, last deed, by the father duchy of 

syde, whom they judged to have more right than the erle r^®*^^^® )''*^ 

Mountforte, who came by another father, who was never c'harles'of^ 

duke of Bretayne ; another reason ther was ; they sayde, Bloyes. 

though that therle of Mountfort had any right, he had 

forfeted it two wayes ; the one, bycause he had relyved the 

duchy of another lorde, than of the Frenche kynge, of whom 

he ought to holde it ; the other reason was, bycause he had 

broken the kynges commaundement, and disobeyed his arest 

and prison, as in go3mg away without leave. Whan this 

judgement was gyven in playne audyence by all the lordes, 

thanne the kyng called to hym the lorde Charles of Bloys, 

his nephue and sayde, Fayre nephue, ye have judged to you 

a fayre herytage, and a great, therfore hast you, and go and 

conquere it agaynst hym that kepyth it wrongfully, and 

desyre all your frendes to ayde you, and I shall nat fayle 

you for my part, I shall lende you golde and sylver ynough, 

and shall commaunde my sonne the duke of Normandy, to 

go with you. Than syr Charles of Bloys inclyned hym to 

his uncle, thankyng hym right humbly; than he desyred 

the duke of Normandy his cosyn, the erle of Alanson his 

uncle, the duke of Burgoyne, therle of Bloys his brother, 

the duke of Burbone, the lorde Loys of Spayne, the lorde 

Jaques of Burbon, therle of Ewe constable of Fraunce, and 

therle of Guynes, his sonne, the vycont of Rohayne,^ and all ^ Rohan. 

the other lordes that were ther; and all they sayde howe 

they wolde gladly go with hym and with their lorde the 

duke of Normandy. Than these lordes departed to make 

them redy and to make provysion agaynst that journey. 




1 Doria. 

2 GrimoUdi. 

3 Champto- 


The lordes of Fraunce that entred into Bretayne 
with sir Charles of Bloys. 

WHAN all these lordes of Normandy, the duke of 
Alanson, the duke of Burgoyne, and all other, 
suche as shulde go with sir Charles du Bloys, to 
ayde hym to conquere the duchy of Bretayne, were redy, 
they departed, some fro Pares and some fro other places, 
and they assembled togyder at the cytie of Angers, and fro 
thens they went to Ancennys, the which is thende of the 
realme on that syde, and ther taryed a thre dayes. Than 
they went forthe into the countrey of Bretayne, and whan 
they were in the feldes, they nombred their company to a 
fyve thousande men of armes, besyde the Genowayes, the 
which were a thre thousande, and thre knyghtes of Gennes 
dyd lede them, the one called sir Othes de Rue,^ and thother 
sir Charles Germaulx,^ and besyde that they had many 
crosbowes, of whome sir Galoys de la Baulme was captayne. 
Than all these went to a strong castell, standynge on a 
hyghe mountayne, called Chastonceaulx : ^ ther was thentre 
of Bretayne; it was furnysshed with men of warr; and 
captajms ther were two knyghtes of Lorayne, called syr 
Gyles, and sir Valeryan. The lordes of France toke counsell 
to besiege this castell, for they thought, if they shulde 
leave such a fortres behynde them it shuld do them great 
damage ; so they beseged it rounde about, and made many 
assautes, specially the Genowayes dydde what they might to 
attayne prayse at the begynning : but they lost often tymes 
of their company, for they within defended themselfe so 
sagely, that it was longe or they toke any damage. But 
finally the assaylantes brought thyder so moch tymbre, 
wod, and fagottes, that they fylled therwith the dykes, so 
that they might go just to the walles : they within cast out 
stones, chalke, and brennynge fyre ; howbeit, they without 
came to the fote of the walles, and had instrumentes, wher- 
by they myght, under covert, myne the walles ; than they 
within yelded up the castell, their lyves and goodes saved. 


Thane the duke of Normandy, who was chiefe ther, delyvered CAP. LXXI 

the castell to sir Charles of Bloys as his owne, who inconty- The lordes of 

nent set ther a good garyson to kepe thentre, and to conduct Fraunce that 

suche as came after theym. Than they went towarde Nantes, ^^^^^ ^^^^-^h 

wher as they harde how therle of Mountfort their ennemy gjj. Charles of 

was ; the marshals and currours of their hoost, founde by Bloys. 

the way as they went, a good towne, closed with dykes, the 

which they feersly assayled ; and in the town, ther were but 

fewe peple, and yvell armed, so that anone the towne was 

won, robbed, and the one half brent, and all the peple put 

to the swerde. This towne was called Carquesy,^ within a 1 Carquefou. 

iiii. or fyve leages to Nantes : the lordes lay therabout all 

that night, the next mornyng they drue towarde Nantes, 

and layed siege rounde about it, and pyght up their tentes 

and pavilyons. 

Than the men of warre within the towne, and the 
burgesses armed them, and went to their defences as they 
were apoynted; some of the host went to the barrers to 
skirmyssh ; and some of the soudyers witliin, and yong 
burgesses, yssued out agaynst them, so that ther were 
dyvers slayne and hurt on bothe parties ; ther were dyverse 
suche skirmysshes. On a mornyng, some of the soudyers 
within the cytie yssued out at adventure, and they founde 
a XV. cartes with vytell, commyng to thoost warde, and a 
Ix. persons to convey it; and they of the cytie were a ii. C. 
they set on them, and anone dysconfyted them, and slewe 
dyvers, and some fled away and scaped, and shewed in thoost 
howe it was : than some went to rescue the pray, and 
overtoke them,nere to the barryers; ther began a great 
skirmysshe ; ther came so many fro thoost, that they within 
had moch ado; howbeit, they toke the horses out of the 
cartes, and dyd drive them in at the gate, to thentent that 
they without shulde nat drive lightly away the caryages. 
Than other soudyers of the cytie yssued out to helpe their 
companyons, and also of the burgesses, to ayde their 
parentes; so the fray multiplyed, and dyvers were slayne, 
and sore hurt, on bothe parties, for alwayes people encreased 
fro thoost, and some newe ever yssued out of the cytie. 
Than at last sir Henry the captayne, sawe that it was tyme 
to retrevt, for by his abydinge, he sawe he might rather 



CAP. LXXI lese than wyn. Than he caused them of the cytie to drawe 
The lordes of abacke, as well as he myght, yet they were pursued so nere, 
Fraunce that that many were slayne and taken, mo than ii. C. of the 
entred into burgesses of the towne, wherof therle of Montfort blamed 
sir Charfe^ f ^^^^ ^^^ Henry de Leon, that he caused the retrayt so sone : 
Bloys. wherwith sir Henry was sore dyspleased in his mynde, and 

after that he wold no more come to therls counsell so often 
as he dyd before : many had marvell why he dyd so. 


Howe the erle Mountfort was taken at Nauntes, 
and howe he dyed. 

AS I hard reported, ther were certayne burgesses of 
the cite sawe howe their goodes went to wast, both 
without and within, and had of their chyldren and 
frendes in prison, and douted that wors shulde come to 
them after. Than they advysed and spake togyder secretly, 
so that finally they concluded to treat with the lordes of 
France, so that they myght come to have peace, and to 
have their chyldren and frendes clerely delyvered out of 
prison. They made this treatie so secretly, that at laste it 
was agreed that they shulde have all the prisoners delyverd, 
and they to set opyn one of the gates, that the Frenche 
lordes myght entre, to take the erle Mountfort in the castell, 
without doyng of any maner of hurt to the cyte, or to 
thynhabytantes or goodes therin ; some sayed this was 
purchased by the meanes and agrement of sir Henry de 
Leon, who had ben before one of the erles chiefe counsayl- 
ours. Thus as it was devysed so it was done : in a mornyng, 
the Frenche lordes entred, and went streyght to the castell, 
and brake opyn the gates, and ther toke therle Mountfort 
prisoner, and ledde hym clene out of the cytie into their 
felde, without doyng of any more hurt in the cyte. This 
was the yere of our lorde God M. CCC. xli. about the feest 
of all sayntes. Than the lordes of Fraunce entred into the 
cytie with great joye: and all the burgesses and other dyd 
fealtie and homage to the lorde Charles of Bloys, as to their 
ryght soverayne lorde, and there they taryed a thre dayes 


in gret feest. Than sir Charles of Bloys was counselled to CAP. LXXII 
abyde ther, about the cytie of Nauntes, tyll the next somer, Howe the erle 
and so he dyd ; and set captayns in suche garysons as he Mountfort 
had won ; than the other lordes went to Parys to the kyng, ^^^ taken at 
and delyverd hym therle of Mountfort as prisoner ; the howe he'dyed. 
kynge set hym in the castell of Loure,^ wher as he was 
longe, and at last, as I harde reported, ther he dyed. ^ ^^^ Louvre. 

Nowe let us speke of the countesse, his wyfe, who had the 
courage of a man, and the hert of a lyon ; she was in the 
cytie of Renes whanne her lorde was taken, and howebeit, 
that she had great sorowe at her hert, yet she valyantly 
reconforted her frendes and soudyers, and shewed them a 
lytell son that she had, called John, and sayd, A syrs, be 
nat to sore abasshed of the erle my lorde, whom we have 
lost, he was but a man ; se here my lytell chylde, who shal 
be, by the grace of God, his restorer, and he shall do for 
you all, and I have riches ynough, ye shall nat lacke, and 
I trust I shall purchase for suche a capitayne, that ye 
shal be all reconforted. Whan she had thus conforted her 
frendes, and soudyers, in Renes, than she went to all her 
other fortresses, and good townes, and ledde ever with her 
John, her yonge sonne, and dyd to them, as she dyde at 
Renes; and fortifyed all her garisons of every thyng that 
they wanted, and payed largely, and gave frely, where as 
she thought it well enployed. Than she went to Hany- 
bont, and ther she and her sonne taryed all that wynter ; 
often tymes she sent to vyset her garysons, and payed every 
man full well and truely their wages. 


Howe the kyng of Englande the thyrde tyme 
made warre on the Scotes. 

YE have harde here before that the siege beyng before 
Tourney, howe the lordes of Scotlande had taken 
agayne dyvers townes and fortresses fro thenglyssh- 
men, such as they helde in Scotlande; ther were no mo 
remayning in thenglyssmens handes, but onely the castell of 
Esturmelyne, the cytie of Berwyke, and Rousburge. And 
AA 185 

1 34 1 


Howe the 

kyngof Eng- 
lande the 
thyrde tyme 
made warre 
on the Scotes. 

I Friseland. 

2 Jedworth. 


the Scottes lay styll at siege, with certayne Frenchmen with 
them, such as kynge Philyppe had sent thyder to helpe 
them before Esturmelyne; and they within were so sore 
constrayned, that they sawe well they coude nat long endure. 
And whan the kynge of Englande was retourned fro the 
siege of Tourney, and came into his owne realme, he was 
counselled to ryde towarde Scotlande, and so he dyd ; he 
rode thyderwarde bytwene Mighelmas and Al sayntes, com- 
maundyng every man to folowe hym to Berwyke; than 
every man began to styrre, and to drawe thyder as they 
were commaunded. The kyng at last came to Yorke, and 
ther taryed for his people : the lordes of Scotlande wer 
enfourmed of the commyng of the kyng of Englande, wher- 
fore they made sorer assautes to the castell of Esturmelyne, 
and constrayned so them within, with engyns and canons, 
that they wer fayne to yelde up the castell, savyng their 
lyves and membres, but nothyng they shulde cary away. 
These tidynges came to the kyng of Englande where as he 
was, thane he departed, and drewe towarde Esturmelyne, 
and came to Newcastell upon Tyne, and ther lodged and 
taryed more than a moneth, abydinge provysion for his 
host, the which was put on the see, bytwene saynt Andrewes 
tyde and All sayntes, but dyverse of their shyppes were 
perysshed, for they had suche tempest on the see, that small 
provysion came thyder ; some were driven into Holande, and 
into Fryse,^ wherby thenglysshe boost had great defaute of 
vytayls, and every thynge was dere, and wynter at hande, 
so that they wyst nat wher to have forage ; and in Scotlande, 
the Scottes had put all their goodes into fortresses: and 
the kyng of England had ther mo than vi. M. horsmen, 
and xl. M. fotemen. The lordes of Scotland after their 
wjTining of Esturmelyne, they drue into the forestes of 
Gedeours,^ and they understode well, howe the kyng of 
Englande lay at Newecastell with a great nombre, to 
brenne, and to exyle the realme of Scotlande. Than they 
toke counsell what they shulde do ; they thought themselfe 
to small a company to mentayne the warr, seyng howe they 
had contynued the warres more than vii. yere, without heed 
or captayne; and yet as than they coude parceyve no 
socoure fro their owne kyng. Than they determyned to 


sende to the kyng of Englande, a bysshop and an abbot CAP. LXXIII 
to desyre a truse, the which messangers departed fro Scot- Howe the 
lande, and came to Newecastell, wher they founde the kyng of Eug- 
kynge. These messangers shewed to the kynge and to his ^^^^ tlie 
counsayle the cause of their commyng ; so than it was ^j JJg ^^^^ 
agreed a trewse to endure foure monethes, on the condycion on the Scotes. 
that they of Scotlande shulde sende sufficyent embassadours 
into France to kyng Davyd, that without he wolde come 
within the moneth of May next folowing, so puyssantly as 
to resyst and defende his realme, els they clerely to yelde 
themselfe Englysshe, and never to take hym more for their 
kyng. So then these two prelates retourned agayne into 
Scotlande, and incontynent, they ordayned to sende into 
Fraunce, sir Robert Versay,^ and sir Symon Fresyll,^ and ^ Erskine. 
two other knyghtes, to shewe to their kynge their apoynt- ^ Fraser. 
ment. The kynge of Englande agreed the soner to this 
truse, bycause his boost lacked vytayll: so he came backe 
agayne, and sent every man home. The Scottysshe messan- 
gers went towarde Fraunce, and toke shypping at Dover. 

Nowe kynge Davyd, who had ben a sevyne yere in France, 
and knewe well that his realme was sore distroyed, thane he 
toke leave of the Frenche kyng, to go home into his owne 
contre, to confort his people. So he toke shypping, with his 
wyfe, and suche company as he had at a port, and dyde put 
hymselfe under the guyding of a maryner, Rychard Fla- 
mont ; and so he aryved at a port of Moroyse,^ or ever 3 Montrose. 
that any in Scotlande knewe therof ; nor he knewe nothyng 
of the messangers that were gone into France to speke with 
hym, nor they knewe nat of his retournyng home. 


Howe kyng Davyd of Scotlande came with a 
great boost to Newcastell upon Tyne. 

WHAN that yong kyng Davyd of Scotlande was 
come into his countrey, his men came about hym 
with great joye and solempnyte, and brought hym 
to the towne of saynt Johns : * thyder came peple fro all * Perth. 
parties to se hym ; and than every man shewed hym the 





Howe kyng 
Davyd of 
came with a 
great boost to 
upon Tyne. 

1 Sweden. 

2 Norvxiy. 



damages, and the dystruction that kyng Edward and 
thenglysshmen had done in Scotlande ; than he sayd, Well, 
I shal be well revenged, or els lose all my realme, and my 
lyfe in the payne. Thane he sent messangers to all partes 
ferr and nere, desyring every man to helpe hym in his busy- 
nesse; at his sendyng, thyder came therle of Orkeney, a great 
prince and a puyssaunt, he had maryed the kynges suster. 
He brought a great nombre of men a warr with hym, and 
dyvers other lordes and knyghtes of Sovegne,^ of Melbegne,^ 
and of Denmarche, some for love, and some for wages ; so 
that whan they were all togyder, they were a Ix. M. men 
a fote ; and on hackenayes a iii. M. armed after their 
maner. Whane they were all redy, they removed to go into 
Englande, to do ther as moche hurt as they might, (for the 
truse was as than expyred,) or els to fight with the kynge of 
Englande, who had caused them to suffre moch dysease. 
The Scottes departed fro saynt Johannes towne, and went 
to Donfremelyn, and the next day, ther they passed a 
lytell arme of the see. Than they went with great dyligence 
and passed by Edenborowe, and after by Rousburge, the 
whiche was as than Englysshe, but they made none assaut 
ther by cause they wolde have none of their company hurt, 
nor to wast none of their artillary : they thought to do a 
greatter dede, or they retourned into Scotlande. And so 
after, they passed nat ferre of fro Berwyke and went by 
without any assaut gyveng, and so entred into the contrey 
of North umberlande, and came to the ryver of Tyne, 
brennyng all the contrey rounde about them, and at last 
came to Newecastell upon Tyne ; and ther he lay and all 
his people, about the towne that night : and in the morning, 
a certayne nombre of gentylmen that were in the towne, 
yssued out, to the nombre of CC. speres, to make a skry in 
the Scottysshe boost ; they dasshed into the Scottyssh host 
right on therle of Morets ^ tentes, who bare in his armour, 
sylver, thre oreylles goules : ther they toke hym in his bed, 
and slewe many, or thoost was moved, and wan great 
pyllage ; than they returned into the towne boldely, with 
great joye, and delyverd therle Moret, as prisoner, to the 
captayne of the castell, the lorde John Nevell. Whan the 
Scottes were up, they armed them, and ran lyke madde men 


to the barryers of the towne, and made a great assaut, the CAP. 
whiche endured longe, but lytell it avayled them, and they LXXIIII 
lost ther many men ; for ther were many good men of warr Howe kyng 
within, who defended themself so wysely, that the Scottes I^^^vyd came 
were fayne at last to withdrawe abacke to their losse. upon Tv^e 


Howe kyng Davyd of Scotlande distroyed 

the cytie of Dyrrame.^ i Dwrham. 

WHAN that king Davyd and his counsayle sawe 
that his taryeng about Newcastell was daunger- 
ous, and that he coude wynne therby nother 
profet nor honour, than he departed, and entred into the 
contrey of the bysshoprike of Dyrram, and ther brent and 
wasted all by fore them, and so came to the cyte of Dyrram, 
and layed siege rounde about it, and made many great 
assautes lyke madde men, bycause they had lost therle of 
Morette ; and they knewe well that ther was moche richesse 
in the cytie, for all the contrey ther about was fledde 
thyder : the Scottes made ingens and instrumentes to come 
to the walles, to make the feercer assaut. And whan the 
Scottes were gone fro Newcastell, thane sir John Nevyll 
captayne there, mounted on a good horse, and toke a way 
farre of fro the Scottes, and dyd so moche, that within fyve 
dayes he came to Chyrtsay, wher as kyng Edwarde lay as 
than : ther he shewed the king tidynges of the Scottes. 
Than the kynge sende forth messangers into every part, 
commaundyng every man, bytwene the age of Ix. and xv. all 
excuses layd a part, to drawe north warde, and to mete hym 
in that contrey to ayde and defende his contrey, that the 
Scottes distroyed : than lordes, knyghtes, squyers, and all 
other, drewe towarde the northe. The kyng departed hym- 
self hastely, and taryed for no man, and every man folowed 
as well as they might. In the meane season, the Scottes 
assauted the cytie of Dyrrame, with ingens and other 
instrumentes, so feersly that they within coude nat defende 
themself, but that the cytie was wonne byforce, and robbed, 
and clene brent, and all maner of people put to deth with- 




CAP. LXXV out mercy, men, women, and chyldren, monkes, prestes, and 
How kyng chanons, so that ther abode alyve no maner a person, house 
Davyd nor church, but it was distroyed ; the whiche was great 

distroyed pytie so to dystroy christen blode, and the churches of 
Dvrrame Godde, wherin that God was honoured and served. 


Howe the Scottes besieged a castell of therle 
of Salysburies. 

THAN king Davyd was counselled to drawe abacke 
along by the ryver of Tyne, and to drawe toward 
Carlyle ; and as he went thyderward, he loged that 
1 Werk Castle, nyght besyde a castel ^ of therle of Salysburies, the whiche 
was well kept with men a warr; captayne therof was sir 
Wyllyam Montagu, son to therle of Salysburis suster. The 
next day the Scottes dysloged to go towarde Carlyle, they 
had moch caryage with them, of such pyllage as they had 
won at Dyram. Whan syr Wyllyam Montagu sawe how 
the Scottes passed by without restyng, than he with xl. with 
him yssued out a horsbacke, and folowed covertly the hynder 
trayne of the Scottes, who had horses so charged with baggage, 
that they might scant go any gret pace. And he overtoke 
them at thentryng into a wood, and set on them, and ther 
slewe and hurt of the Scottes mo than CC. and toke mo 
than sixscore horses charged with pyllage, and so led them 
toward the castell. The cry and brunt of the flight came to 
the heryng of syr Wyllyam Duglas, who had the charge of 
the reregarde, and as than he was past the wood. Whan he 
sawe the Scottes came fleyng over the dales and mountayns 
he had great marvell, and than he and all his company ran 
forth, and rested nat tyll they came to the fote of the 
castell, and mounted the hyll in hast ; but or he came to 
the bayls, thenglysshmen were entred, and had closed the 
barryers, and put their pray in saftie. Than the Scottes 
began to assayle feersly, and they within defended them ; 
ther these two Wyllyams dyd what they might, eche to 
greve other: this assaut endured so long, that all thoost 
came thyder, kyng and all. Whan the kyng and his coun- 



sell sawe how his men were slayne, lyeng in the felde, and CAP. LXXVI 

the assaylantes sore hurt, without wynning of any thyng, Howe the 

than he commaunded to cease thassaut, and to lodge ; than Scottes 

every man began to seke for his logyng, and to gader ^®^^®8.®*^^ 

togyder the deed men, and to dresse theym that were hurt, therle of 

The next day the kyng of Scottes commaunded that every Salysburies. 

man shulde be redy to assayle, and they within were redy to 

defende : ther was a sore assaut, and a perylous : ther might 

a ben sene many noble dedes on both partes. Ther was 

within present the noble countesse of Salysbury, who was 

as than reputed for the most sagest and fayrest lady of all 

England : the castell parteyned to her husbande therle of 

Salisbury, who was taken prisoner, with the erle of SufFolke, 

before Lyle in Flanders, as ye have harde before, and was 

in prison as than in the chatelot ^ of Parys. The kyng of * CMtelet. 

Englande gave the same castell to the sayd erle, whan he 

maryed first the sayd lady, for the prowes and gode servyce 

that he had done before, whan he was called but sir 

Wyllyam Montagu ; this noble lady conforted them greatly 

within, for by the regarde of such a lady, and by her swete 

conforting, a man ought to be worthe two men at nede. 

This assaut dured long, and the Scottes lost many of their 

men, for they adventured themselfe hardely, and caryed 

wood and tymbre, to have fylled the dykes, to thyntent to 

bring their engyns to the walles, but they within defended 

themselfe so valyantly, that the assaylantes were fayne to 

drawe abacke. 

Than the kyng commaunded the ingens to be wel kept 
that night, and the next day to enforce the assaut ; than 
every man drue to their lodgyng, except those that kept 
thyngens. Some wept the deth of their frendes, other 
conforted them that were hurt : they of the castell sawe 
well, if kynge Davyd contynued his sege, how they shuld 
have moche ado to defende them and their castell ; wherfore 
they toke counsell amonge them, to sende to kyng Edward, 
who lay at Yorke, as it was shewed them, by suche prisoners 
as they had taken of the Scottes. Than they loked among 
them who shulde do the message, but they coude fynde none 
that wolde leave the castell, and the presence of the fayre 
lady to do that dede. So ther was among them great stryfe. 




besieged a 
castell of 
therle of 

CAP. LXXVI Than whan the captayne sir Wyllyam Montagu sawe that, 
Howe the he sayd, Sirs, I se well the trueth and good wyll that ye 
here to my lady of this house, so that for the love of her, 
and for you all, I shall put my body in adventur to do this 
message, for I have suche trust in you, that ye shall right 
well defende this castell tyll I retourne agayne : and on 
thother syde, I have suche trust in the king, our soverayne 
lorde, that I shall shortly bring you suche socours, that 
shall cause you to be joy full, and than I trust the kyng 
shall so rewarde you, that ye shal be content : of these 
wordes the countesse and all other wer right joyefuU And 
whan the night came the sayd sir Wyllyam made hym redy, 
as prively as he might, and it happed so well for hym, that 
it rayned all night, so that the Scottes kept styll within their 
lodgynges. Thus at mydnight, sir Wyllyam Montagu passed 
through thoost, and was nat sene, and so rode forth tyll it 
was day ; than he met ii. Scottes, halfe a leage fro thost, 
drivyng before them two oxen and a cowe towarde thoost. 
Syr Wyllyam knewe well they wer Scottes and set on them, 
and wounded them bothe, and slewe the catell, to thyntent 
that they of thost shuld have none ease by them ; than he 
sayd to the two hurt Scottes, Go your wayes,and say to your 
kyng, that Wyllyam of Montague hath thus passed through 
his boost, and is goyng to fetch ayde of the kyng of 
Englande, and so departed. Than the same raornynge, the 
kyng of Scottes made a feerse assaut, but nothing coude 
he wyn, and every day lightly they made assaut : than his 
counsell sawe how he dyd but lese his men, and that the 
kyng of England might well come thyder, or the castell 
were won. Thane they by one acorde counselled their kyng 
to depart, sayeng, how the abyding ther, was nat for his 
profet, nor yet for his honour; and sayd. Sir, ye have 
honourably achyved your enterprise, and have done great 
dispyte to the Englysshmen, in that ye have ben in this 
contre a xii. dayes, and taken and distroyed the cytie of 
Dyrrame ; wherfore, sir, all thynges consydred, it were good 
nowe that ye retourned, and take with you your pyllage 
that ye have wonne, and another tyme ye may returne 
agayne whan it pleaseth you. The kyng, who wolde nat do 
agaynst the opynyons of all his counsell, agreed to them, 


sore agaynst his mynde : howbeit, the next mornyng he CAP. LXXVI 
dysloged, and all his host, and toke the way streyght to the Howe the 
great forest of Gedeours,^ there to tary at their ease, and Scottes 
to knowe what the kyng of Englande wolde do farther, ''^sieged a 
other to goo backe agayne, or els to entre into Scotlande. therle of 


CAP. LXXVII -Jea^oHh. 

Howe the kyng of Englande was in amours with 
the countesse of Salisbury. 

THE same day that the Scottes departed fro the sayd 
castell, kyng Edward came thyder, with all his 
host, about noon, and came to the same place wher 
as the Scottes had loged, and was sore displeased that he 
founde nat the Scottes ther, for he came thyder in such hast 
that his horse and men wer sore traveled. Than he com- 
maunded to lodge ther that nyght, and sayd, howe he wolde 
go se the castell, and the noble lady therin, for he had nat 
sene her sythe she was maryed before : than every man toke 
his logyng as he lyst. And assone as the kyng was unarmed, 
he toke a x. or xii. knyghtes with hym, and went to the 
castell to salute the countesse of Salisbury, and to se the 
maner of the assautes of the Scottes, and the defence that 
was made agaynst them. Assone as the lady knewe of the 
kynges commyng, she set opyn the gates, and came out so 
richely be sene, that every man marveyled of her beauty, and 
coude nat cease to regarde her noblenes with her great 
beauty, and the gracyous wordes and countenaunce that she 
made. Whan she came to the kyng, she knelyd downe to the 
yerth, thankyng hym of his socours, and so ledde hym into 
the castell, to make hym chere and honour, as she that coude 
ryght well do it : every man regarded her marvelusly ; the 
king hymselfe coude nat witholde his regardyng of her, for 
he thought that he never sawe before, so noble, nor so fayre 
a lady : he was stryken therewith to the hert, with a sparcle 
of fyne love, that endured longe after ; he thought no lady 
in the worlde so worthy to be beloved as she. Thus they 
entred into the castell, hande in hande; the lady kdde 
hym first into the hall, and after into the chambre, nobly 
BB 193 


CAP. aparelled ; the kyng regarded so the lady that she was 
LXXVII abasshed. At last he went to a wyndo to rest hym and so 
Howe the fell in a gret study : the lady went about to make ohere to 
kyng of ^^S- the lordes and knyghtes that were ther, and commaunded to 
amours with dresse the hall for dyner. Whan she had al devysed and 
the countesse commaunded, thane she came to the kyng with a mery chere, 
of Salisbury, who was in a gret study, and she sayd Dere syr, why do 
ye study so ? for, your grace nat dyspleased, it aparteyneth 
nat to you so to do : rather ye shulde make good chere 
and be joyfuU, seyng ye have chased away your enmies, who 
durst nat abyde you : let other men study for the remynant. 
Than the kyng sayd. A, dere lady, knowe for trouthe, that 
syth I entred into the casteil, ther is a study come to , my 
mynde, so that I can nat chuse but to muse, nor I can nat 
tell what shall fall therof ; put it out of my herte I can nat. 
A sir, quoth the lady, ye ought alwayes to make good chere, 
to confort ther with your peple : God hath ayded you so in your 
besynes, and hath gyven you so great graces, that ye be 
the moste douted and honoured prince in all christendome, 
and if the kyng of Scottes have done you any dyspyte or 
damage, ye may well amende it whan it shall please you, as 
ye have done dyverse tymes or this ; sir, leave your musyng 
and come into the hall, if it please you, your dyner is all 
redy. A, fayre lady, quoth the kyng : other thynges lyeth 
at my hert that ye knowe nat of: but surely the swete 
behavyng, the perfyt wysedom, the good grace, noblenes, 
and exellent beauty that I se in you, hath so sore surprised 
my hert, that I can nat but love you, and without your 
love I am but deed. Than the lady sayde. A, ryght noble 
prince, for Goddes sake mocke nor tempt me nat : I can nat 
Ijyleve that it is true that ye say, nor that so noble a prince 
as ye be, wold thynke to dyshonour me and my lorde, my 
husbande, who is so valyant a knight, and hath done your 
* grace so gode servyce, and as yet lyethe in prison for your 

quarell ; certenly sir, ye shulde in this case have but a small 
prayse, and nothyng the better therby : I had never as yet 
such a thought in my hert, nor I trust in God never 
shall have, for no man lyveng ; if I had any suche intencyon, 
your grace ought nat all onely to blame me, but also to 
punysshe my body, ye and by true justice to be dismembred. 


Therwith the lady departed fro the kyng, and went into the CAP. 
hall to hast the dyner ; than she returned agayne to the LXXVII 
kyng and broght some of his knyghtes with her, and sayd, Howe the 
Sir, yf it please you to come into the hall, your knightes Y^^^ °^ ^°&* 
abideth for you to wasshe, ye have ben to long fastyng. amourrwith 
Than the kyng went into the hall and wassht, and sat the countesse 
down amonge his lordes, and the lady also ; the kyng ete of Salisbury, 
but lytell, he sat styll musyng, and as he durst, he cast his 
eyen upon the lady : of his sadnesse his knyghtes had mar- 
veil, for he was nat acustomed so to be ; some thought it 
was bycause the Scottes were scaped fro hym. All that day '^ 
the kyng taryed ther, and wyst nat what to do : somtyme he 
ymagined that honour and trouth defended him to set his 
hert in such a case, to dyshonour such a lady, and so true 
a knyght as her husband was, who had alwayes well and 
truely served hym. On thother part, love so constrayned 
hym, that the power therof surmounted honour and trouth : 
thus the kyng debated in hymself all that day, and all that 
night ; in the mornyng he arose and dysloged all his boost, 
and drewe after the Scottes, to chase them out of his realme. 
Than he toke leave of the lady, sayeng. My dere lady, to 
God I commende you tyll I returne agayne, requiryng you 
to advyse you otherwyse than ye have sayd to me. Noble 
prince, quoth the lady, God the father glorious be your 
conduct, and put you out of all vylayne thoughtes ; sir, I 
am, and ever shal be redy to do your grace servyce to your 
honour and to myne. Therwith the kyng departed all 
abasshed ; and soo folowed the Scottes tyll he came to the 
C3rte of Berwyke, and went and lodged within iiii. leages of 
the forest of Gedeors, wher as kyng Davyd and all his 
company were entred, in trust of the great wyldemesse. ^ 
The kyng of England taryed ther a iii. dayes, to se if the 
Scottes wold yssue out to fight with hym ; in these thre 
dayes ther were dyvers skirmysshes on bothe parties, and 
dyvers slayne, taken, and sore hurte amonge the Scottes. 
Sir Wyllyam Duglas was he that dyd moost trouble to 
thenglysshemen ; he bare azure, a comble sylver, thre starres 




Howe therle of Salysbury and therle Moret were 
dely verd out of prison by exchaunge. 

IN these sayd thre dayes ther were noble men on bothe 
parties that treatid for a peace to be had bytwene 
these two kynges ; and their treatie toke suche effect, 
that a trewse was agreed to endure two yere, so that the 
Frenche kynge wolde therto agree ; for the kyng of Scottes 
was so sore alyed to the Frenche kyng, that he might take 
no peace without his consent ; and if so be the Frenche kyng 
wold nat agree to the peace, than the truse to endure to the 
first day of May folowyng. And it was agreed that therle 
of Morette shulde be quyte for his prisonment, if the kyng 
of Scottes coude do so moche to purchase with the Frenche 
kyng, that therle of Salisbury might in lyke maner be quyte 
out of prison, the whiche thyng shulde be done before the 
feest of saynt John of Baptyst next after. The kyng of 
Englande agreed the soner to this truse, bycause he had 
warre in France, in Gascoyne, in Poyctou, in Xaynton, in 
Bretaygne : and in every place he had men of warre at his 
wages. Than the kyng of Scottes sent great messangers 
to the French kyng, to agre to this truse; the Frenche 
kyng was content, seyng it was the desyre of the kyng of 
Scottes : than therle of Salisbury was sent into Englande, 
and the kyng of England sent incontynent therle Moret 
into Scotland. 


Howe sir Charles du Bloys with dyvers lordes of 
Fraunce toke the cytie of Renes in Bretayne. 

IT is to be knowen that whan the duke of Normandy, 
the duke of Burgoyne, the duke of Alanson, the duke 
of Burbon, therle of Bloys, the constable of Fraunce, 
therle of Guynes his sonne, sir James de Burbone, sir Loyes 
of Spaygne, with other lordes and knyghtes of Fraunce, 
whan they were departed out of Bretayne, and had conquered 


the stronge castell of Chastoneaux, and the cyte of Nantes, CAP. 
and taken therle of Mountfort and delyverd hym to the LXXIX 
Frenche kyng, who had put hym in prison in the castell of Howe sir 
Loure ^ in Parys ; and syr Charles of Bloys beyng in Nantes, Charles du 
and the contrey obeyed to hym rounde about, abydinge the dwersTordes 
somer season, to make better warr than in wynter. Whan of Fraunce 
the swete season of somer approched, the lordes of Fraunce toke the cytie 
and dyvers other, drue towarde Bretayne with a great boost 2^ Renes in 
to ayde sir Charles de Blois, to recover the resydue of the ^® ^^^' 
duchy of Bretayne : they founde syr Charles of Bloys in 1 The Louvre. 
Nantes; than they determyned to lay sege to Renes; the 
countesse of Mountfort had well prevented the mater, and 
had set ther for captayne sir Wyllyam of Cadudall Breton ; 
the lordes of France came thyder, and dyd moche trouble 
with assautes : howbeit, they within defended themselfe so 
valiantly, that their ennemyes loste more than they wanne. 
Whan the countesse of Mountfort knewe that the lordes of 
Fraunce were come into Bretaygne with suche a puyssance, 
she sende sir Amery of Clysson into Englande, desyring 
socourse of the kyng, on the condycion that therle of 
Mountfortes son and heyre, shuld take to wyf one of the 
kynges doughters, and shulde be called duches of Bretayne. 
The king of England was as than at London makyng chere 
to therle of Salisbury, who was newe come out of prison. 
Whan this sir Amery of Clysson was come to the kyng, and 
had made relacyon of his message, the kyng graunted his 
request, and commaunded sir Water of Manny, to take with 
hym as many men of warr as sir Amery desyred, and shortly 
to make them redy to go into Bretayne, to ayde the 
countesse of Mountfort, and to take with him a iii. M. 
archers of the best. Thus sir Water and sir Amery toke 
the see, and with them went the two bretherne of Lynedall,^ ^ Levedale. 
sir Loys, and sir John, the Haz of Brabant, sir Hubert of 
Fresnoy, sir Aleyn Syrefound, and dyvers other and a 
vi. M. archers ; but a great tempest toke them on the see, 
and a contrary wynde, wherfore they abode on the see xl. 
dayes. All this season the lordes of France, with sir Charles 
de Bloys, kepte styll the sege before Renes, and sore con- 
strayned them within, so that the burgesses of the towne 
wold gladly have taken apoyntment, but their captayne, 



CAP. sir Wyllyam of Cadudall wold in no wyse agree therto. 

LXXIX Whan the burgesses and the commons of the towne had 

Howe sir endured moche payne and sawe no socours commyng fro 

Charles du j^^ partie, they wold have yelded up the towne : but the 

dyvers lordes captayne wolde nat. Whan they sawe that, finally they toke 

of Fraunce hym and put hym in prison and made covenaunt with sir 

toke the cytie Charles du Bloys to yelde up the towne the next day, on 

of Renes in j-jjg condycion that all such as were of the countes part 

^6 y^^' myght go their wayes whyther they lyst without danger or 

trouble ; the lord Charles de Bloys dyd graunt their desyre. 

Than the cytie of Renes was gyven up, the yere of our lord 

M. iii. C. xlii. in the begynning of May. Sir Wyllyam of 

Quadudall wolde nat tary ther, but went streyght to Hany- 

bont, to the countesse of Mountfort, who as than had hard 

no tidynges of sir Amery of Clysson, nor of his company. 


Howe sir Charles du Bloys besieged the countesse 
of Mountfort in Hanybont. 

HAN the cytie of Renes was gyven up, the bur- 
gesses made their homage and fealtie to the lord 
Charles of Bloys. Than he was counselled to go 
and lay siege to Hanybonte, wher as the countesse was, 
sayeng, that therle beyng in prison, yf they myght gette the 
countesse and her sonne, it shulde make an ende of all the 
warre: than they went all to Hanybont, and layed siege 
therto, and to the castell also, as ferr as they might by 
lande. With the countesse in Hanybont, ther was the 
bysshop of Leon in Bretayne, also ther was sir Yves of 
Tribiquedy, the lorde of Landreman, sir Wyllyam of Quadu- 
1 Guingamp. dall, and the Chatelayne of Guyngnape,^ the two bretherne 
^Quirich. of Quyreth,'^ sir Henry and sir Olyver of Pennefort, and 
dyvers other. Whan the countesse and her company under- 
stode that the Frenchmen were comyng to lay siege to the 
towne of Hanybont, than it was commaunded to sounde 
the watche bell alarm, and every man to be armed and 
drawe to their defence. Whan sir Charles and the Frenchmen 
came nere to the towne, they commaunded to lodge ther 



that nyght. Some of the yong lusty companyons came CAP. LXXX 
skirmysshyng to the barrers, and some of them within Howe sir 
yssued out to theym, so that ther was a great affray ; but Charles 
the Genowayes and Frenchmen loste more than they wanne : ^^ Bloys 
whan night came on, every man drewe to their lodgynge. counf s e f 
The next day the lordes toke counsayle to assayle the Mountfort in 
barrers, to se the maner of them within : and so the thyrde Hanybont. 
day they made a great assaute to the barrers, fro mornyng 
tyll it was noone : than the assaylantes drewe abacke sore 
beaten, and dyvers slayne. Whan the lordes of Fraunce 
sawe their men drawe abacke, they were sore dyspleased, 
and caused the assaut to begynne agayne, more ferser than 
it was before, and they within defended themselfe valyantly. 
The countesse herselfe ware harnesse on her body and rode 
on a great courser fro strete to strete, desyringe her peple to 
make good defence : and she caused damoselles, and other 
women, to cutte shorte their kyrtels, and to cary stones and 
pottes full of chalk to the walles, to be cast downe to their 
ennemyes. This lady dyd ther an hardy enterprise; she 
mounted up to the heyght of a towre, to se how the French- 
men were orderd without; she sawe howe that all the 
lordes, and all other people of thoost, were all gone out of 
ther felde to thassaut; than she toke agayne her courser, 
armed as she was, and caused thre hundred men a horsbacke 
to be redy, and she went with theym to another gate, wher 
as there was non assaut. She yssued out and her company, 
and dasshed into the Frenche lodgynges, and cutte downe 
tentes, and set fyre in their lodgynges : she founde no 
defence ther, but a certayne of varlettes and boyes, who ran 
away. Whan the lordes of France loked behynde them, 
and sawe their lodgynges a fyre, and harde the cry and 
noyse ther, they retourned to the felde, cryeng. Treason, 
treason, so that all thassaut was left. Whan the countesse 
sawe that, she drewe togyder her company, and whan she sawe 
she coud nat entre agayne into the towne without great 
damage, she toke another way and went to the castell of 
Brest, the whiche was nat ferr thens. Whan sir Loys of 
Spayne, who was marshal of the host, was come to the 
felde, and sawe their lodgynges brennyng, and sawe the 
countesse and her company goynge away, he folowed after 




Howe sir 
du Bloys 
besieged the 
countesse of 
Mountfort in 



her with a great nombre : he chased her so nere, that he 
slewe and hurte dyverse of theym that were behynde, yvell 
horsed ; but the countesse and the moost parte of her com- 
pany rode so well, that they came to Breste, and there they 
were receyved with great joye. The next day the lordes of 
Fraunce, who hadde lost their tentes and their provisyons, 
thanne tooke counsayle to lodge in bowers of trees, more 
nerer to the towne ; and they had great marveyle whan they 
knewe that the countesse herselfe had done that enterprise. 
They of the towne wyst nat wher the countesse was become, 
wherof they were in great trouble, for it was fyve dayes or 
they harde any tidynges. The countesse dyd so moche at 
Brest, that she gate togyder a v. hundred speres, and than 
about mydnight she departed fro Brest, and by the sonne 
rysing, she came along by the one syde of the boost, and 
came to one of the gates of Hanybont, the which was 
opyned for her, and therin she entred and all her company, 
with gret noyse of trumpettes and canayrs; wherof the 
Frenche boost had great marveyle, and armed them and ran 
to the towne to assaut it, and they within redy to defende. 
Ther began a feerse assaut and endured tyll noone, but the 
Frenchmen lost more than they within. At noone thassaut 
ceased : than they toke counsell that sir Charles du Bloys 
shulde go fro that sege, and gyve assaut to the castell of 
Alroy,^ the which kyng Arthure made; and with hym 
shulde go the duke of Burbone, therle of Bloys, the marshall 
of France, sir Robert Bertrande : and that sir Henry de 
Leon, and part of the Genevoys, and the lorde Loys of 
Spayne, and the vycont of Rohayne, with all the Spanyerdes, 
shulde abyde styll before Hanybont; for they sawe well 
they coulde have no profet to assayle Hanybont any more ; 
but they sent for xii. great engyns to Renes, to thyntent to 
cast into the towne and castell day and night. So they 
devyded their host : the one styll before Hanybont, the 
other with sir Charles of Bloys before Aulroy. They within 
Alroy were well fortifyed and were a two C. companyons, 
able for to mayntayne the warre ; and sir Henry of Penfort, 
and sir Olyver his brother, were chyefe capitaynes ther. A 
foure leages fro that castell was the good towne of Vannes, 
parteyning to the countesse, and capitayne ther was sir 


Geffray of Malatrayt. Nat farre thens also was the good CAP. LXXX 
towne of Guyngnape, the cathelayne of Dynant was Howe sir 
captayne ther ; he was at Hanyhont with the countesse, Charles 
and had lefte in the towne of Dynant his wyfe and his ^^ ^^^^^4.1, 
chyldren, and had lefte ther capytayne in his stede Raynolde countesse of 
his son. Bytwene these two townes stode a stronge castell, Mountfort in 
parteynyng to sir Charles du Bloys, and was well kept with Hanybont. 
soudyours, Burgonyons : captayne ther was sir Gerarde of 
Maulayne, and with hym another knyght, called Pyer 
Portbeufe. They wasted all the contrey about them and 
constrayned sore the sayd two townes, for ther coude 
nother marchandyse nor provisyon entre into any of them 
but in great danger. On a day they wolde ryde towarde 
Vannes, and another day towarde Guyngnape; and on a 
day, sir Raynolde of Dynant layed a busshment, and the 
same day sir Gerarde of Maulayne rode forthe and had 
taken a xv. marchantes, and all their goodes, and was 
drivyng of them towardes their castell, called Rochprion, 
and so fell in the busshment. And ther sir Raynolde of 
Dynant toke sir Gerarde prisoner and a xxv. of his com- 
pany, and rescued the marchantes and ledde forthe their 
prisoners to Dynant, wherof sir Raynolde was moche praysed 
and well worthy. 

Nowe let us speke of the countesse of Mountfort, who 
was besieged in Hanybont, by sir Loys of Spajnie, who kept 
the siege ther, and he had so broken and brused the walles 
of the towne with his engins, so that they within began to 
be abasshed. And on a day the bysshop of Leon spake with 
sir Henry of Leon his nephue, by whom, as it was sayd, 
that therle Mountfort was taken. So longe they spake 
togyder, that they agreed that the bysshop shulde do 
what he coude to cause the company within to agre to yelde 
up the town and castell to sir Charles de Bloys, and sir 
Henry de Leon, on thother syde, shuld purchase pece for 
them all of sir Charles de Bloyes, and to lese nothyng of 
their goodes. Thus the bysshop entred agayne into the 
towne; the countes incontynent douted of some yvell 
purchase. Than she desyred the lordes and knightes that 
were ther, that for the love of God they shulde be in no 
dout ; for she sayd she was in suretie that they shuld have 

CC 201 


CAP. LXXX socours within thre dayes. Howbeit, the bysshope spake so 

Howe sir moch and shewed so many reasons to the lordes, that they 

Charles were in a great trouble all that night. The next mornyng 

duBloys they drewe to counsell agayne, so that they wer nere of 

countesse of ^^orde to have gyven up the towne, and sir Henry was 

Mountfort in come nere to the towne, to have taken possession therof. 

Hanybont Than the countesse loked downe along the see, out at a 

wyndo in the castell, and began to smyle for great joy 

that she had, to se the socours commyng, the which she 

had so long desyred. Than she cryed out aloude, and sayd 

twyse, I se the socours of Englande commyng. Than they 

of the towne ran to the walles, and sawe a great nombre 

of shyppes, great and small, fresshly decked, commyng to- 

warde Hanybont : they thought well it was the socours of 

Englande, who had ben on the see Ix. dayes, by reason of 

contrary wyndes. 


Howe sir Water of Manny brought thenglysshmen 
into Bretayne. 

1 Guingamp. "T "W T"HAN the seneshall of Guyngnape,^ sir Perse of 
^ Ivesde Trese- \/\/ Tribyq uedy,'^ sir Galeran of Landreman, and the 
guidj/. y f other knyghtes, sawe these socours commyng, than 

they sayd to the bysshoppe. Sir, ye may well leave your 
treaty: for they sayd they were nat content as than to 
folowe his counsayle. Than the bysshoppe sayd. Sirs, than 
our company shall depart, for I wyll go to hym that hath 
moost right as me semeth ; than he departed fro Hanibont, 
and defyed the countesse and all her ayders, and so went 
to sir Henry de Leon, and shewed hym howe the mater 
went. Than sir Henry was sore dyspleased, and caused incon- 
tynent to rere up the grettest ingens that they had nere to 
the castell, and commaunded that they shuld nat sease to 
cast day and night : than he departed thens and brought 
the bysshoppe to sir Loys of Spayne, who receyved hym 
with great joye, and so dyd sir Charles of Bloys. Than 
the countesse dressed up halles and chambers, to lodge 
the lordes of Englande that were commyng, and dyd sende 


agaynst them right nobly. And whan they wer alande, she CAP. LXXXI 
came to them with great reverence, and feested them the Howe sir 
beest she might, and thanked them right humbly, and Water of 
caused all the knyghtes and other to lodge at their ease in ^^^"'^^ 
the castell, and in the towne : and the nexte day she made thenfl s h 
them a great feest at dyner. All night and the nexte men mto 
day also, the ingens never ceased to cast : and after dyner Bretayne. 
sir Gaultier of Manny, who was chefe of that company, 
demaunded of the state of the towne, and of the hoost 
without, and sayd, I have a great desyre to yssue out, and 
to breke downe this great ingen that standeth so nere us, 
if any woll folowe me. Than sir Perse of Tribyquidy sayde, 
howe he wolde nat fayle hym at this his first begynning, 
and so sayd the lorde of Landreman. Than they armed 
them, and so they yssued out prively at a certayne gate, 
and with them a iii. hundred archers, who shotte so holly 
togyder, that they that kept the ingen fledde away ; and the 
men of armes came after the archers, and slewe dyverse of 
them that fledde, and bete down the great engyn, and brake 
it all to peaces. Thane they ranne in amonge the tentes 
and logynges, and set fyre in dyverse places, and slewe and 
hurt dyvers, tyll the hoost began to styre ; than they with- 
drue fayre and easely, and they of the hoost ranne after 
them lyke madde men. Than sir Gaultier sayd, Let me never 
be beloved with my lady, without I have a course with one 
of these folowers ; and therwith tourned his spere in the rest, 
and in likewyse so dyd the two bretherne of Lendall, and 
the Haz of Brabant, sir Yves of Tribyquedy, sir Galeran of 
Landreman, and dyverse other companyons. They ran at 
the first comers : ther myght well a ben legges sene tourned 
upwarde ; ther began a sore medlynge, for they of the hoost 
alwayes encreased, wherfore it behoved thenglysshmen to 
withdrawe towarde ther fortresse; ther might well a ben 
sene on bothe parties many noble dedes, takyng and rescuyng. 
The Englysshmen drewe sagely to the dykes and ther made 
a stall, tyll all their men wer in savegard: and all the 
resydue of the towne yssued out to rescue their company, 
and caused them of the hoost to recule backe : so whan they 
of the host sawe how they coude do no good, they drewe 
to their lodgynges, and they of the fortresse in likewyse to 





CAP. LXXXI their lodgynges. Than the countesse discendyd downe fro 
Howe sir the castell with a gladde chere, and came and kyst sir 

Gaultier of Manny, and his companyons one after another, 

two or thre tymes, lyke a valyant lady. 

Water of 




men into 



Howe the castell of Conquest was wonne 
two tymes. 

THE next day sir Loys of Spayne called to counsell 
the vycont of Rohayne, the bysshoppe of Leon, the 
lorde Henry of Leon, and the master of the Gene- 
voys, to know ther advyse what was best to do ; they sawe 
well the towne of Hanybont was marveylously strong, and 
greatly socoured by meanes of tharchers of Englande : they 
thought their tyme but lost to abyde there, for they coude 
nat se howe to wynne any thynge ther ; than they all 
agreed to dyslodge the nexte day, and to go to the castell 
Awray. of Alroy,^ where sir Charles of Bloys lay at siege. The next 

day betymes they pulled downe their lodgynges, and drewe 
thyder, as they were purposed ; and they of the towne made 
great cryeng and showtyng after them, and some yssued out 
to adventure themselfe, but they were sone put abacke agayne, 
and lost some of their company, or they coude entre agayne 
into the towne. Whan sir Loys of Spayne came to sir 
Charles of Bloys, he shewed hym the reason why he left the 
sege before Hanybont. Than it was ordayned that sir Loys 
of Spayne, and his company, shulde go and ley siege to 
Dynant, the which was nat closed, but with pales, water, 
and maresse; and as sir Loyes went towarde Dynant, he 
came by a castell called Conquest: and captayne ther for 
the countesse was a knyght of Normandy, called sir Mencon, 
and with hym dyvers soudyers. Sir Loys came thyder and 
gave a great assaut, and they within defended them so well, 
that thassaut endured tyll mydnight, and in the morning it 
began agayn ; thassaylantes persed so nere that they came 
to the wall and made a great hole through, for the dykes 
were of no depnesse, and so byforce they entred, and slews 
all them within the castell, except the knyght whome they 



toke prisoner, and stablysshed ther a newe Chatelayne, and CAP. 
a Ix. soudyers with hym : than sir Loys departed, and went LXXXII 
and layed seige to Dynaunt. The countesse of Mountfort Howe the 
had knowledge howe sir Loyes of Spayne was assautyng of '^^^^"^ ^\^ 
the castell of Conquest : than she sayd to sir Water of wonue two 
Manny and his company, that if they might rescue thattymes. 
castell, they shuld achyve great honour. They all agreed 
therto and departed the next morning fro Hanybont, so 
that ther abode but fewe behynde in the towne ; they rode 
so fast, that about noone they came to the castell of Con- 
quest, wherin was as than the Frenche garyson for they had 
won it the day before. Whan sir Water of Manny sawe 
that, and howe that sir Loyes of Spayne was gone, he was 
sory bycause he might nat fight with hym, and sayd to his 
company. Sirs, I wyll nat departe hens, tyll I se what 
company is yander within the castell, and to knowe howe it 
was wonne. Than he and all his made them redy to the 
assaut, and the Frenchmen and Spanyardes sawe that, they 
defended theymselfe as well as they might ; the archers 
helde them so short, that thenglysshmen aproched to the 
walles, and they found the hole in the wall, wherby the 
castell was won before, and by the same place they entred, and 
slew all within, excepte x. that were taken to mercy ; than 
thenglysshmen and Bretons drue agayne to Hanybont, they 
wolde set no garyson in Conquest, for they sawe well it was nat 
to be holden. 


Howe sir Loyes of Spayne toke the towne of 
Dynant and of Gerande. 

NOWE let us retourne to sir Loys of Spayne, who 
besieged the towne of Dynant in Bretayne, and 
than he caused to be made lytell vessels to make 
assautes, bothe by water and by lande : and whan the 
burgesses of the towne sawe howe they were in danger to 
lese their lyves and goodes, they yelded themself agayne 
the wyll of their capten, sir Raynalt Guyngnap, whom 
they slewe in the myddes of the market place, bycause he 
wolde nat consent to them. And whan sir Loyes of Spayne 




Howe sir 
Loyes of 
Spayne toke 
the towne of 
Dynant and 
of Gerande. 

1 Doria. 

2 Bovlogne. 


had ben ther two dayes, and taken fealtie of the burgesses 
and set ther a newe capyten, a squyer called Gerard of 
Maulyne, whom they founde ther as prisoner, and the lorde 
Pyers Portbeufe with hym, than they went to a great towne 
on the see syde, called Gerand ; they layd siege therto, and 
founde therby many vessels and shyppes laded with wyne, 
that marchantes had brought thyder fro Poyctou and 
Rochell, to sell : the marchantes anon had solde their 
wynes, but they were but y veil payed. Than sir Loys caused 
some of the Spanyardes and Genevoys to entre into these 
shyppes, and the next day they assayled the towne bothe 
by lande and by water, so that they within coude nat 
defend themselfe, but that they were lightly wonne by 
force, and the towne robbed, and all the people put to the 
swerde without mercy, men, women, and chyldren : and fyve 
churches brent and vyolated. Wherof sir Loys was sore dys- 
pleased, and caused xxiiii. of them that dyd the dede, to be 
hanged for their labours ; ther was moche treasoure won, so 
that every man had more than he coude here away, for it 
was a riche towne of marchandyse. Whan this towne was 
won, they wyst nat whyder to go farther ; than sir Loys of 
Spayn, and with hym sir Othes Dorne,^ and certayne Geno- 
wayes and Spanyardes entred into the shyppes to adventure 
along by the see syde, to se yf they might wynne any thyng 
ther. And the vycont of Rohayne, the bysshoppe of Leon, 
sir Henry of Leon his nephue, and all the other retourned 
to thoost, to sir Charles of Bloys who lay styll before the 
castell of Aulroy ; and ther they founde many knyghtes 
and lordes of Fraunce, who were newely come thyder, as sir 
Loyes of Poycters, therle of Valence, therle of Aucerre, 
therle of Porcyen, therle of Joigny, the erle of Bolayne,'^ and 
dyverse other that kyng Philyp had sent thyder, and some 
that came of their owne good wylles, to serve sir Charles of 
Bloys. As than the strong castell of Alroy was nat wonne, 
but ther was suche famyn within, that vii. dayes before they 
had eten all their horses. And the lorde Charles de Bloys 
wolde nat take them to mercy, without he might have them 
simpley to do his pleasur ; and whan they within sawe no 
other remedy, secretely in the night they yssued out, and by 
the wyll of God went through thoost on the one syde : yet 


some were parceyved and slayne, but sir Henry of Penne- CAP. 

fort, and sir Olyver his brother, scaped by a lytle wood LXXXIII 

that was therby, and went streyght to Hanybont to the Howe sir 

countesse. So thus wan sir Charles of Bloyes the castell of ^oyes of 

Alroy, whan he had layne at siege x. wekes ; than he newly the towne of 

fortifyed the place, and set therin newe captayns and men Dynant and 

of warr. Than he departed and went and layed siege to of Gerande. 

Vannes, wherin sir Geff'ray of Maletrayt was captayne ; the 

next day certayne soudyers of the countesses of Mountfort, 

beyng in the towne of Ployremell,^ yssued out on the hope ^ Ploermd. 

somwhat to wynne, and came sodenly in the momyng into 

the host of sir Charles de Bloys. But they adventured them- 

selfe so farr that they were closed in, and lost many of 

their folkes, and thother fledde away and were chased to 

the gates of Plojrremell, the whiche was nat ferr of fro 

Vannes : and whan they of the boost were retourned fro the 

chase, incontynent they made assaut to Vannes, and byforce 

wanne they bayles ; harde to the gate of the cyte ther was 

a sore skirmysshe, and many hurt and slayne on bothe 

parties, the assaut endured tyll it was night: than ther was 

a truse taken to endure all the next day. The burgesses 

the next day yelded up the towne, whyther the captayne 

wolde or nat, who whan he sawe it wold be none otherwyse, 

departed out of the towne as secretly as he coude, and went 

to Hanybont : so sir Charles of Bloys, and the Frenchmen 

entred into Vannes, and taryed ther fy ve dayes ; than they 

went and layd siege to another cytie called Traiz.^ ' Ca/rhaix. 


Howe sir Water of Manny dysconfited sir Loyes 

of Spayne in the felde of Camperle.^ ^ Ouimperu. 

NOW let us returne to sir Loyes of Spayne, who whan 
he was at the porte of Guerand by the see syde, 
he and his company sayled forth tyll they caxaei Lower 
into Bretayn bretonaunt,* to a port called Camperle, right Brittany. 
nere to Quypercorentyn ^ and to saynt Mathue of Fyne^^"^3in' 
Portern ; ^ than they yssued out of the shyppes and landed, e gt. Make de 
and brent all the countrey about, and gate moche rychesse, Fine-Terre. 




Howe sir 
Water of 
Manny dys- 
confited sir 
Loyes of 

1 Aymery. 

2 Cadoudal. 


the whiche they conveyed into their shyppes. Whan sir 
Gaultyer of Manny, and sir Arnold ^ of Clysson understode 
those tidynges, they determyned to go thyder, and shewed 
their myndes to sir Gyles of Tribyquedy, and to the Cathe- 
layne of Guyngnape, the lorde of Landreman, sir Wyllyam 
of Caducall,^ the two brethern of Penneforde, and to the 
other knyghtes that were ther in Hanybont, and all they 
agreed to go with good wylles. Than they toke their shyppes, 
and toke with theym a thre thousande archers, and so sayled 
forthe tyll they came to the port wher as the shyppes of sir 
Loys of Spaynes lay. Incontynent they toke theym and 
slewe all that were within theym ; and they founde in them 
suche rychesse that they had marvell therof; than they 
toke lande and went forthe and brent dyvers townes and 
houses before them, and departed themselfe into thre batayls, 
to the intent the soner to fynde their ennemys, and left a 
thre hundred archers to kepe their shippes, and that they 
had wonne : than they sette on their way in thre partes. 
These tidynges anone came to sir Loyes of Spayne ; than he 
drewe togyder all his company, and withdrue backe towarde 
his shyppes in great hast, and encountred one of the thre 
batayls ; thane he sawe well he must nedes fyght ; he sette 
his men in order, and made newe knyghtes, as his nephue 
called Alphons. Than sir Loys sette on fiersly, and at the 
first rencounter many were overthrowen and likely to have 
ben dysconfyted, and the other two batels had nat come on : 
for by the cry and noyse of the people of the contrey, they 
drewe thyder ; than the batayle was more feerser. Theng- 
lysshe archers shotte so holly togyder, that the Genevoyes 
and Spanyardes wer dysconfited, and all slayne, for they of 
the contrey fell in with staves and stones, so that sir Loys 
had moche ado to scape, and dyd flee to the shyppes : and 
of vi. M. there scaped with hym but thre hundred, and his 
nephue was slayne ; and whan he came to the shyppes he 
coud nat entre, for the archers of England kept hym of: 
so he was fayne with gret jeopardy to take a lytell shypp 
called lyque, and suche of his company as he coude get 
to him, and sayled away as fast as he might. Whan sir 
Gaulter and his company came to the shyppes, they entred 
into the best ship they had, and folowed in the chase of sir 


Loyes of Spayne, who ever fledde so fast before them, that CAP. 

they coude nat overtake hym. Sir Loyes at last toke port LXXXIIII 

at Redon, and he and all his entred into the towne, but he Howe sir 

taryed nat there. For incontynent thenglysshmen landed at ^^^^^ *^f 

the same place, so that sir Loyes and his company were confited sir 

fayne to get such horses as they might, and rode thens to Loyes of 

Renes, the which was nat ferre thens, and such as were yvell Spayne. 

horsed, were fayne to fall in the handes of their ennemyes, 

so that sir Loys entred into Renes, and thenglysshmen and 

Bretons retourned to Redone and there lay all nyght. The 

nexte day they toke agayne the see, to sayle to Hanybont 

to the countesse of Mountfort, but they had a contrary 

wynde, so that they were fayne to take lande a thre leages 

fro Dynant ; than they toke their way by lande, and wasted 

the countrey about Dynant, and tooke horses, suche as they 

coude get, some without sadyls, and so came to Roch prion. 

Than sir Gaultier of Manny sayd. Sirs, yf our company were 

nat so sore traveled, I wolde gy\e assaut to this castell ; the 

other knyghtes answered hym, and sayd. Sir, set on at your 

pleasure, for we shall nat forsake you to dye in the quarell : 

and so they al went to the assaut. Than Gerarde of Maulyn 

who was captayne ther, made good defence, so that there 

was a perylouse assaut : sir Johan Butler, and sir Mathewe 

of Fresnoy ^ were sore hurte with many other. * Frenay. 


Howe sir Gaultier of Manny toke the castell 
of Goney in the forest. 

THIS Gerarde of Maulyn hadde a brother called 
Rengne^ of Maulyn, who was captayne of a \y\,e\^R4n6. 
fortresse therby, called Fauet ; and whane he 
knewe that thenglysshmen and Bretons were assayling of his 
brother at Rochprion, to thentent to ayde his brother, he 
yssued out and toke with hym a xl. companyons. And as he 
came thyderwarde through a fayre medowe by a wood syde, 
he founde certayne Englysshmen and other, lyeng there 
hurt : he sette on them, and toke them prisoners, and ledde 
them to Fauet hurt as they were, and some fledde to sir 
DD 209 



Howe sir 
Gaultier of 
Manny toke 
the castell 
of Goney. 



Water of Manny, and shewed hym the case ; than he ceased 
the assaut, and he and all his company, in great haste 
folowed them that ledde the prisoners to Fauet, but he 
coude nat overtake them, so that Regny and his prisoners 
were entred into the castell. Than thenglysshmen, as sore 
trayveled as they were, made ther a gret assaut, but nothyng 
coude they wynne, they were so well defended, and also it 
was late : they lay ther all night, to thentent to assayle the 
castell agayne in the morning. Gerarde of Maulyn knewe 
all this : he toke his horse in the night, and rode all alone 
to Dynant, and was ther a lytell before day ; than he shewed 
all the case to the lorde Pyers Portbeufe, capitayne of 
Dynaunt; and assone as it was day, he assembled all the 
burgesses of the towne in the common hall, and ther Gerarde 
of Maulyne shewed theym the mater, in suche wyse, that 
they were all content to go forth, and so armed them and 
went towardes Fauet with a sixe thousand men, of one and 
other. Sir Gaultier of Manny knewe therof by a spye; 
thane they counsayled togyder and consydred, that it were 
great danger for them if they of Dynant shulde come on 
them on the one syde, and sir Charles of Blois and his 
company on thother syde, so they might be enclosed ; than 
they agreed to leave their companyons in prisone tyll another 
tyme, that they might amende it. And as they retoumed 
towarde Hanybont, they came to a castell called Goney la 
forest,^ the which was yelded up to sir Charles of Bloyes, a 
fyftene dayes before. Than sir Gaultier sayde howe he wolde 
go no farther, as sore trayveled as he was, tyll he had made 
assaute to that castell, to se the demeanynge of them within ; 
ther they made a fierse assaut, and they within quickely 
defended theymselfe. Sir Gaultier encouraged his company 
and was ever one of the formast, in so moche that the 
archers shotte so quyckely and so close togyder, that ther 
was none durst appere at their defence : sir Gaultier dyd so 
moche, that parte of the dyke was fylled with busshes and 
wood so that they came to the walles with pyckaxes, and 
other instrumentes, and anone made a great hole through 
the wall, and ther they entred perforce, and slewe all they ^ 
founde within, and lodged ther the night, and the next day 
they went to Hanybont. 



Howe sir Charles of Bloyes toke the towne 

of Carahes.^ ^ Carhaix. 

WHAN the countesse knewe of their commynge, 
she came and mette them and kyssed and made 
them great chere, and caused al the noble men 
to dyne with her in the casteU. Nowe in this season, sir 
Charles of Bloys had wonne Vannes and lay at sege at 
Carahes. The countes of Montfort, and sir Gaultier of 
Manny, sent certayne messangers to the kyng of Englande, 
signyfieng hym howe sir Charles of Bloys, and the lordes of 
France had conquered Vannes, Renes, and dyvers other 
good townes and castells in Bretaygne, and was lickely to 
Wynne all, without he were shortly resysted. These mes- 
sangers arryved in Cornewall and rode to Wyndesore to 
the kyng. 

Nowe lette us speke of sir Charles of Bloyes, who had so 
sore constrayned with assautes and ingens, the towne of 
Carahes, that they yelded theymselfe up to sir Charles, and 
he receyved them to mercy, and they sware to hym homage 
and fealtie, and toke hym for their lorde : and ther he made 
newe officers, and taryed ther a fyftene dayes : than they 
determyned to go and ley siege to Hanybont, yet they 
knewe well the towne was well fortifyed with sufficyent pro- 
visyon. And so thyder they went and layed there siege, 
and the fourth day after, thyder came sir Loys of Spayne, 
who had layen in the towne of Renes a sixe wekes, in helyng 
of suche hurtes as he had; he was well receyved there, for 
he was a knyght moche honoured, and wel beloved among 
them. The Frenche company dayly encreased, for ther wer 
dyvers lordes and knyghtes of France were goyng into 
Spayne warde, for suche warres as was bytwene the kynge of 
Spayne and the kyng of Granade Sarasyne; and as these 
knyghtes passed through Poyctou, and harde of these warres 
in Bretayne, [they] drewe that way. Sir Charles of Bloyes 
had rayred up agaynst Hanybont, a fyftene or sixtene great 
engyns, the whiche caste into the towne many a great stone ; 




Howe sir 
Charles of 
Bloyes toke 
the towne of 

1 Quimperl 


but they within set nat moch therby, for they were well 
defended there agaynste them : and somtyme they wolde 
come to the walles, and wype them in derysion, sayeng, Go 
and seke up your company, whiche resteth in the feldes of 
Camperle : ^ wherof sir Loys of Spayne and the Genowayes 
had great dyspite. 


Howe sir John Butler and sir Hubert of Fresnoy 
were rescued fro deth before Hanybont. 

ON a day sir Loyes of Spayne came to the tent of sir 
Charles du Bloyes, and desyred of hym a gyft 
for all the servyce that ever he had done, in the 
presence of dy verse lordes of France; and sir Charles graunted 
hym, bycause he knewe hymselfe so moche bounde to hym. 
Sir, quoth he, I requyre you cause the two knyghtes, that 
be in prison in Fauet to be brought hyther, that is to say 
sir John Butler and sir Hubert Fresnoy, and to gyve them 
to me, to do with them at my pleasure. Sir, this is the gyft 
that I desyre of you : they have chased, dysconfetted, and 
hurt me, and slayne my nephue Alphons ; I can nat tell 
how otherwyse to be revenged of them, but I shall stryke 
of their heedes before the towne, in the syght of their 
companyons. Of these wordes sir Charles was abasshed, 
and sayd, Certenly, with right a good wyll I woll gyve you 
the prisoners, syth ye have desyred them : but surely it 
shulde be a shamefuU dede to put so to dethe suche two 
valyant knyghtes as they be, and it shal be an occasyon to 
our ennemyes to deale in likewyse with any of ours, if they 
fall in lyke case, and we knowe nat what shall day lie fall : 
the chances of warre be dy vers ; wherfore dere cosyn, I requyre 
you to be better advysed. Than sir Loyes sayd, Sir, if ye 
kepe nat promyse with me, knowe ye for trouth, that I shall 
depart out of your company, and shall never serve nor love 
you agayne whyle I lyve. Whan sir Charles sawe none 
other bote, he sent to Fauet for the two knyghtes, and in a 
morning they were brought to sir Charles of Bloys tent; 
but for all that he coulde desyre, he coude nat turne sir 


Loyes of Spayne fro his purpose: but sayd playnly, that CAP. 
they shulde be beheaded anone after dyner, he was so sore LXXXVII 
dyspleased with them. All these wordes that was bytwene Howesir John 
sir Charles, and sir Loyes, for thoccasion of these two u^ h rt^°^ ^^^ 
knightes, anone was come to the knowlege of sir Water of Presnoy were 
Manny by certayne spyes, that shewed the myschefe that rescued fro 
these two knyghtes were in. Than he called his company deth. 
and toke counsaile what was best to do ; some thought one 
thynge, some thought another, but they wyst nat what 
remedy to fynde. Than sir Gaultier of Manny sayd, Sirs, 
it shuld be great honour for us, if we might delyver out 
of daunger yonther two knyghtes, and yf we put it in ad- 
venture, though we fayle therof, yet kynge Edwarde our 
mayster woU canne us moche thanke therfore, and so woll 
all other noble men, that herafter shall here of the case : at 
leest it shal be sayd howe we dyd our devoyre. Sirs, this is 
m3me advyse, if ye woll folow it, for me thynketh a man 
shulde well adventure his body, to save the lyves of two 
suche valyant knyghtes; myne advyse is that we devyde 
ourselfe into two partes, the one part incontynent to yssue 
out at this gate, and to arange themself on the dykes, to 
styre thoost, and to skirmysshe : I thynke that all the hole 
boost woll come rennyng thyder ; and sir Aymery, ye shall 
be capytayne of that company, and take with you a vi. 
thousand good archers, and thre hundred men of armes; 
and I shall take with me a hundred men of armes, and fyve 
hundred archers, and I wyll yssue out at the posterne 
covertly, and shal dasshe into the boost amonge the lodgynges 
behynde, the whiche I thynke we shall fynde as good as 
voyde ; I shall have suche with me as shall well bring me to 
the tent of sir Charles du Bloyes, where as I thynke we 
shall fynde the two knyghtes prisoners, and I ensure you, 
we shall do our devoyre to delyver them. This devyse 
pleased them all, and incontynent they armed them, and 
about the houre of dyner sir Aymery of Clysson yssued out 
with his company and set opyn the chiefe gate towardes 
the boost, and some of them dasshed sodaynly into thoost, 
and cut downe tentes, and slewe and hurte dyverse ; thoost 
was in a sodayne fray, and in hast armed theym, and drewe 
towardes thenglysshmen and Bretons, who fayre and easely 




Howe sir John 
Butler and sir 
Hubert of 
Fresnoy were 
rescued fro 


2 Qmngamp. 


reculed backe. There was a sore skirmysshe, and many a 
manne overthrowen on bothe parties. Than sir Aymery 
drewe his people alonge on the dykes within the barryers, 
and the archers redy on bothe sydes the way, to receyve 
their ennemys. The noyse and crye was so great, that all 
the hole boost drewe thyder, and left their tentes voyde, 
savynge a certayne varlettes. In the meane season sir 
Gaultier of Manny and his company, yssued out at a 
posterne prively, and came behynde the boost, and entred 
into the lodgynges of the Frenche lordes, for there were none 
to resyst them : all were at the skirmysshe. Thane sir 
Gaultier went streyght to sir Charles of Bloys tent, and 
founde there the two knyghtes prisoners, sir Hubert of 
Fresnoy,^ and sir John Butteler, and made them incontynent 
to leape upon two good horses that they brought thyder 
for the same intent, and retourned incontynent and entred 
agayne into Hanybont the same way thei yssued out : the 
countesse receyved them with gret joy. All this season 
they fought styll at the gate ; than tidynges came to the 
lordes of Fraunce ho we the two knyghtes prisoners were 
rescued : whan sir Loyes of Spayne knewe therof, he thought 
hymselfe dysceyved, and he demaunded which way they were 
gone that made that rescue, and it was shewed hym howe 
they were entred into Hanybont. Thane sir Loyes de- 
parted fro the assaut and went to his lodgynge right sore 
dyspleased ; than all other lefte the assaut. In the retrayet 
there were two knyghtes that adventured themselfe so 
forwarde that they were taken by the Frenchmen, the lorde 
Landreman and the Chathelayne of Guyngnape,^ wherof sir 
Charles of Bloyes hadde great joye, and they were brought 
to his tent, and there they were so preched to that they 
tourned to sir Charles parte, and dyd homage and feaultie 
to hym. The iii. day after all the lordes assembledde in 
the lorde Charles tent to take counsayle, for they sawe well 
that Hanybont was so strong and so well fortifyed with 
men of warre, that they thought they shulde wynne but 
lytell there ; and also the countrey was so wasted, that they 
wyst nat whyther to go to forage, and also wynter was at 
hande : wherfore they all agreed to depart. Than they 
counsayled sir Charles of Bloyes that he shuld sende newe 


provisyons to all cyties, townes, and fortresses, suche as he CAP. 
had wonne, and noble capitayns with good soudyours to LXXXVII 
defende their places fro their ennemyes : and also, if any Howesir John 

man wolde treat for a trewse to Whytsontyde, that it shulde ?"\^®^ *°f ^^^ 

, , - J J J 1 Hubert of 

nat be refused. Fresnoy were 



Howe sir Charles of Bloyes toke the towne of 
Jugon and the castell. 

TO this counsell every man agreed, for it was thane 
bytwene saynt Reymy and All Sayntes, the yere 
of oure Lorde God, M.CCC.xlii. Than every man 
departed : sir Charles of Bloys went to Carahes ^ with all the ^ Garhaix. 
lordes of his partie ; and he retayned certayne of the lordes 
styll with hym, to counsayle hym in all his besynesse : and 
whyle he lay there on a day, a burges and a riche marchant 
of Jugon was taken by the marshall, sir Robert of Beannoys, 
and he was brought to the lorde Charles. This burgesse 
had all the rule in the towne of Jugon under the countesse, 
and also he was welbeloved in the towne. This burges was 
put in feare of his lyfe ; he desyred to be let passe for his 
ransome : how be it he was so handled one wayes and other, 
that he fell in a bargayn to betray the towne of Jugone 
and to leave opyn a certayne gate : for he was so well 
betrusted in the towne, that he kept the kayes whan he was 
ther. This to acomplysshe, he layed his sonne in hostage 
and sir Charles promysed to gyve hym fyve hunderd pounde 
of yerely rent : the day of poyntment came, and the gate 
was lefte opyn at night, and sir Charles and his company 
entred into the towne with great puyssaunce ; the watche of 
the castell dyd perceyve them, and he began to cry a larum, 
treason, treason ; they of the towne began to styrre ; and 
whan they sawe that the towne was loste, they fledde to the 
castell by heapes ; and the burgesse that had done the treason 
fled with them for a countenance. And whan it was day, 
sir Charles and his company entred into the houses to lodge, 
and toke what they wolde : and whane he sawe the castell 
so stronge and so full of men, he sayd he wold nat go thens 




Howe sir 
Charles of 
Bloyes toke 
the towne of 
Jugon and 
the castell. 


tyll he had it at his pleasure. Sir Gerard of Rochfort 
captayne of the castell, perceyved the burgesse that had 
betrayed them ; he toke and hanged hym over the walles : 
and whan they consydred howe sir Charles had made a vowe 
nat to depart thens tyll he had the castell, and that their 
provysion wolde nat serve them x. dayes, they agreed to 
yelde them, their goodes that was left and their lives saved, 
the which was graunted them. And so they made fealtie 
and homage to sir Charles of Bloyes; and he stablysshed 
captayne there the sayd sir Gerard of Rochfort, and newely 
refresshed the towne and castell with men of warr and pro- 
visyon. In this meane season certayne noble men of Bretayne 
spake for a truse for a certayn space, bytwene sir Charles 
of Bloyes and the countesse of Mountfort, the which was 
agreed by all their ayders and assisters : also the kynge of 
Englande sent for the countesse to come into Englande ; 
and assone as this trewse was confirmed, the countesse toke 
see and passed into Englande. 



Of the feest and justynge made at London by the 

kyng of England for the love of the countesse of 


E have well harde here before howe the kynge of 
Englande had great warres in dyvers countreis, 
and had men of warre in garysons, to his gret cost 
and charge ; as in Picardy, Normandy, Gascoyne, Xaynton, 
Poyctou, Bretayne, and Scotlande : ye have harde also before 
how the kyng was stryken in love with the countesse of 
Salisbury ; love quickened hym day and night ; her fresshe 
beautie and godely demeanour was ever in his remembrance, 
though therle of Salisbury was one of the privyest of his 
counsell, and one of them that had done hym best servyce. 
So it fell that for the love of this lady, and for the great 
desyre that the king had to se her, he caused a great feest 
to be cryed, and a justyng to be holden in the cyti of London 
in the myddes of August. The which cry was also made in 


Flaunders, in Heynault, in Brabant, and in Fraunce, gyveng CAP. 
all commers out of every contrey safe conduct to come and LXXXIX 
go : and had gyven in commaundement through his owne Of the feest 
realme that all lordes, knyghtes, squyers, ladyes, and and justynge 
domosels shuld be ther without any excuse, and com- Lon^<f * {,„ 
maunded expresly the erle of Salisbury that the lady his the kyng of 
wyfe shulde be ther, and to bring with her all ladyes and England, 
damosels of that countrey. Therle graunted the kyng as he 
that thought none y veil : the gode lady durst nat say nay ; 
howbeit she came sore agaynst her wyll, for she thought 
well ynough wherfore it was; but she durst nat dyscover 
the mater to her husband ; she thought she wolde deale so, 
to bringe the kynge fro his opynion. This was a noble 
feest ; there was the erle Wyllyam of Heynalt and sir John 
of Heynalt his uncle, and a great nombre of lordes and 
knyghtes of hyghe lynage ; there was great daunsynge and 
justynge the space of xv. dayes ; the lorde John, eldyst son 
to the vycount Beaumonde in England was slayne in the 
justes. All ladyes and damoselles were fresshely besene 
accordyng to their degrees, except Alys countesse of Salis- 
bury, for she went as simply as she myght, to the intent 
that the kyng shulde nat sette his regarde on her, for she 
was fully determyned to do no maner of thynge that shulde 
toume to her dyshonour nor to her husbandes. At this 
feest was sir Henry with the wrye necke, erle of Lancastre, 
and sir Henry his sonne, erle of Derby ; sir Robert Dartoyes, 
erle of Rychmount ; the erle of Northampton and of Glo- 
cetter, the erle of Warwyke, the erle of Salisbury, the erle 
of Penneforde,^ the erle of Hereford, the erle of Arundell, 1 pemhrolce. 
the erle of Cornewall, the erle of Quenforde,^ the erle oi^ Oxford. 
Suffolke, the baron of StafForde, and dyvers other lordes and 
knyghtes of Englande. And or all these nobles departed, 
the kyng receyved letters fro divers lordes of sundrie countreis, 
as out of Gascoyne, Bayon, Flaunders, fro Jaques Dartvell, 
and out of Scotlande fro the lorde Rose ^ and the lorde Persy, 3 Boa, 
and fro sir Edward Baylleull captayne of Berwyke, who sygni- 
fyed the kynge that the Scottes helde but simply the trewse 
concludedde the yere before,for they newely assembled togyder 
moch people, for what entent they coude nat tell. Also the 
captayne in Poyctou, Xanton,* Rochell, and Burdeloyes, wrote * Saintonge. 
EE 217 



CAP. to the kynff howe the Frenchmen made great preparacions 

LiAAAJA foj. thg warre, for the peace made at Arras was nere expyred, 

Of the feest wherfore it was tyme for the kyng to take counsayle and 

^d '^^t^^* advyse; and so he aunswered the messangers fro po3mt to 

London. Poynt- 


Howe the kynge of Englande sent sir Robert 
Dartoys into Bretayne. 

A MONG all other thynges the kynge of Englande 

J-\ wolde socoure the countesse of Mountfort, who 

X ^ was with the quene. Thanne the kyng desyred 

his cosyn, sir Robert Dartoyes, to take a certayne nombre 

of men of warre and archers, and to go with the countesse 

into Bretayne ; and so he dyde, and they departed and toke 

shypping at Hampton, and were on the see a great season, 

bycause of contrary wyndes : they departed about Ester. 

At this great counsell at London the kyng was advysed to 

sende to Scotlande for the parfourmaunce of a trewse to 

endure for two or thre yeres, consydring that the kyng had 

so moche besynesse in other places ; the kynge of Englande 

was lothe therto, for he wolde have made suche warr into 

Scotland that they shulde have ben fayne to have desyred 

peace ; howbeit his counsayle shewed hym suche reasons 

that he agreed therto. Among other thynges his counsell 

sayd, that it was great wisdome whan a prince hath warre 

in dyvers places at one tyme, to agre with one by truse, 

another to pacify with fayre wordes, and on the thyrde to 

1 Of Lincoln, make warre. Thanne was there a bysshoppe^ sende on that 

legacyon ; and so he went forthe, and in processe retoumed 

agayne, and brought relacyon howe that the king of Scottes 

wolde agre to no trewese without the agrement of the Frenche 

kynge. Than the kyng of Englande sayde openly, that he 

wolde never rest tyll he had so arayed the realme of Scotlande 

that it shulde never be recovered: than he commaunded 

that every man shulde be with hym at Berwyke by Ester, 

except suche as were apoynted to go into Bretayn. The 

feest of Ester came, and the kynge held a great court at 

Berwyke : for the chiefe of the lordes and knyghtes of Eng- 




land were ther, and there taryed the space of thre wyckes. CAP. XC 
In the meane season certayne good men laboured bytwene Howe the 
the parties to have a trewse ; and so there a truse was agreed kynge of Eng- 
to endure for two yere, and confyrmed by the French kyng. ^^^^ ?^°* 
Than every man departed, and the kyng went to Wyndsore : Sartoys^into 
than he sende the lorde Thomas Hollande, and the lorde Bretayne. 
John Dartvell ^ to Bayon, with two hundred men of armes 1 D'Arteceiie, 
and four hundred archers, to kepe the fronters ther. i-e- Hardes- 

Nowe let us speke of sir Robert Dartoyes. That yere " ' 
fell so hye that it was nere to thentring of May, in the 
myddes of the whiche moneth the trewse bytwene the lorde 
Charles of Bloys and the countesse of Mountfort shulde 
expyre. Sir Charles of Bloyes was well certifyed of the 
purchase that the countesse of Mountforte had made in 
Englande, and of the confort that the kynge had promysed 
her; for the whiche intent the lorde Loyes of Spayne, sir 
Charles Germaux,^ and sir Othes Domes ^ were layd on the ^ Orvnuddi. 
see about Gernzay with a thre thousande Genowayes, and ^ Doria. 
a thousande men of armes and xxxii. great shyppes. 


Of the batell of Gernzay bytwene sir Robert 
Dartoyes and sir Loys of Spayne on the see. 

SIR ROBERT DARTOYES, erle of Rychmont, and 
with hym therle of Pennefort,* the erle of Salisbury, * Pembroke. 
therle of Suffolke, therle of Quenfort,^ the baron of ' Oxford. 
Stafford, the lorde Spenser, the lord Bourchier, and dyvers 
other knyghtes of Englande and their companyes were with 
the countesse of Mountfort on the see, and at last came 
before the yle of Gernzay. Than they perceyved the great 
flete of the Genowayes, wherof sir Loys of Spaygne was 
chiefe captayne. Than their marynars sayd, Sirs, arme you 
quickely, for yonder be Genowayes and Spaniardes that woU 
set on you. Than thenglysshmen sowned their trumpettes 
and reared up their baners and standardes with their armes 
and devyses, with the baner of saynt George, and sette their 
shippes in order with their archers before ; and as the wynd 
served them they sayled forth ; they were a xlvi. vessels, 




CAP. great and small ; but sir Loys of Spaygne had ix. greatter 
LXXXXI than any of the other, and thre galyes. And in the thre 
Of the batell galyes were the thre chiefs captaynes, as sir Loyes of Spayne, 
°^ ^^^^^"^ ^^^ Charles, and sir Othes ; and whan they aproched nere 
on e see. togyder, the Genowayes beganne to shote with their cros- 
bowes, and the archers of Englande agaynst theym : there 
was sore shotynge bytwene them and many hurte on bothe 
parties. And whane the lordes, knyghtes, and squyers 
came nere togyder, there was a sore batayle : the countesse 
that day was worth a man; she had the harte of a lyon, 
and had in her hande a sharpe glayve, wherwith she fought 
feersly. The Spanyardes and Genowayes that were in the 
great vessels, they cast downe great barres of yron and 
peaces of tymbre, the which troubled sore thenglysshe 
archers : this batayle beganne about the tyme of evyn- 
songe, and the nyght departed them, for it was very darke, 
so that one coude scant knowe an other. Than they with- 
drewe eche fro other and cast ankers and abode styll 
in their harnes, for they thought to fight agayne in the 
mornynge : but about mydnight ther rose suche a tempest 
so horryble as though all the worlde shulde have endedde. 
There was none so hardy but wold gladly have ben a land ; 
the shyppes dasshed so togyder, that they went all wolde 
have ryven in peaces. The lordes of Englande demaunded 
counsayle of their maryners what was best to do. They 
aunswered, to take lande assone as they might, for the 
tempest was so great, that if they toke the see, they were 
in daunger of drownyng. Than they drewe up their ankers, 
and bare but a quarter sayle, and drewe fro that place. The 
Genowayes on the other syde drewe upp their ankers, and 
toke the depe of the see, for their vesselles were greatter 
than thenglysshe shyppes, they might better abyde the 
brunt of the see ; for if the great vessels had come nere the 
lande, they were lickely to have ben broken. And as they 
departed they toke foure Englysshe shyppes, laded with 
vytell, and tayled them to their shyppes. The storme was 
so hedeouse, that in lasse than a day they were driven a 
- hundred leages fro the place wher they were before ; and 
the Englysshe shyppes toke a lytell haven nat ferre fro 
the cytie of Vannes, wherof they were ryght gladde. 



Howe sir Robert Dartoys toke the cytie of 
Vannes, in Bretayne. 

THUS by this tourment of the see brake and departed 
the batell on the see, bytwene sir Robert Dartoyes 
and sir Loyes of Spayne. No man coude tell to 
whome to gyve the honour, for they departed agaynst bothe 
their wylles. Thenglysshmen toke lande nat farre of fro 
Vannes, and brought all their horse and harnes a lande; 
than they devysed to sende their navy to Hanybont and 
to go theymselfe and ley siege to Vannes ; therin were 
captayns sir Henry of Leon and Olyver of Clysson, and 
with them the lorde of Turmyne ^ and the lord of Loheac. ^ Toumemine. 
Whan they sawe thenglysshmen come to besiege them they 
toke good hede to their defences, bothe to the castell and 
to the walles and gates ; and at every gate they set a knyght 
with X. men of armes and xx. crosbowes. 

Nowe let us speke of sir Loyes of Spayne and his com- 
pany : they were sore tourmented on the see, and in great 
daunger all that nyght and the nexte day tyll noone, and 
loste two of their shyppes menne and all. Thane the thirde 
day about prime the see apeased ; than they demaunded of 
the maryners what parte of lande was nexte ; they aunswered 
the realme of Navarre, and that the wynde hadde driven 
theym out of Bretayne more than sixscore leages ; than 
there they cast anker and abode the fludde, and whan the 
tyde came they had good wynde to retourne to Rochell. 
So they costed Bayon, but they wolde nat come nere it; 
and they met foure shippes of Bayon commyng fro Flaun- 
ders; they sette on them and toke theym shortly, and 
slewe all that were in them : than they sayled towardes 
Rochell, and in a fewe dayes they arryved at Guerrande; 
ther they toke lande, and hard ther howe sir Robert 
Dartoyes lay at siege before Vannes. Than they sent to 
the lorde Charles of Bloyes to knowe his pleasure what they 
shuld do. Sir Robert Dartoys lay at siege with a thousande 
men of armes and thre thousande archers, and wasted all 




Howe sir 
Robert Dar- 
toys toke 
the cytie of 
Vannes, in 

1 Coet. 

^ Cadovdal. 

^ Oxford. 


the countrey about, and brent to Dynant and to Gony la 
Forest,^ so that none durst abyde in the playne countrey : 
there were many assautes and skirmysshes at the barryers of 
Vannes. The countesse of Mountfort was styll with sir 
Robert Dartoys at the siege ; also sir Gaultier of Manny, 
who was in Hanybont, delyvered the kepynge of the towne 
to sir Wyllyam Caducall^ and to sir Gerard of Rochfort, 
and toke with him sir Yves of Tribyquedy, and a C. men of 
armes, and CC. archers, and departed fro Hanybont and 
went to the siege before Vannes. Than incontynent there 
was made a great assaut in thre places all at ones; the 
archers shotte so thycke, that they within scante durst apere 
at ther defence : this assaut endured a hole day, and many 
hurt on bothe parties: agaynst night thenglysshmen with- 
dnie to their lodgynges, and they within, in likewyse sore 
wery of trayvell, and they unarmed them : but they of the 
boost without dyd nat so, for they kept on styll their 
harnes, except their heed peces, and so dranke and refresshed 
them. And than, by the advyse of sir Robert Dartoyes 
they ordayned agayne thre batayls; and two of them to 
assaute at the gates, and the thirde batayle to kepe them- 
selfe prive tyll the other two batayls had assayled along, 
so that all the strength of the towne shulde be ther by all 
lickelyhode to defend ; than it was ordayned that this thyrde 
batayle shuld sette on the moost feblest place of all the towne 
with ladders, ropes, and hokes of yron to caste on the walles. 
And as they devysedde, so it was done : sir Robert Dartoys 
with the first batell came and made assaut in the night at one 
of the gates, and therle of Salisbury with the seconde batell at 
an other gate. And bycause it was darke, to thyntent to make 
them within the more abasshed, they made great fiers, so 
that the brightnesse therof gave lyght into the cytie, wherby 
they within had wende that their houses had ben a fyre, 
and cryed Treason ; many were a bedde, to rest them of their 
trayvell the day before, and so rose sodenly and ran towardes 
the lyght, without order or gode aray, and without counsell 
of their captayns : every man within armed them. Thus 
whyle they were in this trouble, therle of Quenefort' and 
sir Water of Manny with the thyrde batell came to the 
walles, wher as there was no defence made, and with their 


ladders mounted up and entred into the towne ; the French- CAP. 
men toke no hede of them, they were so ocupyed in other LXXXXII 
places, tyll they sawe their ennemis in the stretes. Than Howe sir 
every man fledde away to save themselfe ; the captayns had J^obert Dar- 
no leaser to go into the castell, but were fayne to take tJ^^^^^j® q£ 
their horses and yssued out at a postern : happy was he that Vannes, in 
might get out to save hymselfe ; all that ever were sene by Bretayne. 
thenglysshmen were taken or slayne, and the towne over ron 
and robbed : and the countesse and sir Robert Dartoyes 
entred into the towne with great joy. 


Howe sir Robert Dartoys dyed, and where he 
was buryed. 

THUS, as I have shewed you, the cyte of Vannes was 
taken, and a fyve dayes after the countesse of 
Mountfort, sir Gaultier of Manny, sir Yves of 
Tribiquedy, and dyverse other knyghtes of Englande and 
of Bretayne, returned to Hanybont; and therle of Salys- 
bury, therle of Pennefort, therle of SufFolke, therle of Corn- 
wall, departed fro Vannes, fro sir Robert Dartoyes, with 
thre thousande men of armes and thre M. archers, and 
went and layed siege to the cytie of Renes. And sir Charles 
de Bloyes was departed thens but foure dayes before, and 
was gone to Nantes; but he had left in the cytie many 
lordes, knyghtes, and squyers : and styll sir Loys of Spayne 
was on the see, and kept so the fronters agaynst Englande, 
that none coude go bytwene Englande and Bretayne with- 
out great danger : they had done that yere to Englande great 
damage. For the takyng thus of Vannes by thenglysshmen 
the countrey was sore abashedde, for they thought that there 
hadde been suche capitaynes that had ben able to have de- 
fendedde it agaynst all the worlde; they knewe well the 
towne was stronge and well provyded of men of warre and 
artyllary ; for this misadventure sir Henry of Leon and the 
lorde Clysson was sore abasshedde, for their ennemyes spake 
shame agaynst theym. These two knyghtes were so sore 
dyspleased with the mater, that they gette togyder a com- 



CAP. pany of knyghtes and soudyers ; so that at a day apoynted 
LXXXXIII |.j^gy mette before the cytie of Vannes, mo than xii. thousande 
Howe sir of one and other : thyder came the lorde Robert of Beau- 
Robert Dar- manoyre, marshall of Bretayn ; they layd sege to the cite 
where he was ^'^ ^ sydes, and than assayled it fersly. Whan sir Robert 
buryed. Dartoyes sawe howe he was besieged in the cytie, he was 

nat neglygent to kepe his defence ; and they without were 
fierse, bycause they wolde nat that they that laye at siege 
at Renes shulde nat trouble theym. They made so feerse 
assaute, and gave theym within so moche ado, that they wan 
the barryers, and after the gates, and so entred into the 
cytie by force. The Englysshmen were put to the chase, 
and dyverse hurte and slayne, and specially sir Robert 
Dartoyes was sore hurte, and scapedde hardely untaken : 
he departed at a posterne, and the lorde Stafforde with 
hym ; the lorde Spencer was taken by sir Henry of Leon, 
but he was so sore hurte that he dyed the thyrde day after. 
Thus the Frenchemen wanne agayne the cytie of Vannes, and 
sir Robert Dartoyes taryed a season in Hanybont sore 
hurte, and at laste he was counsayled to go into Englande 
to seke helpe for his hurtes; but he was so sore handled on 
the see, that his soores rankeled, and at laste landed, and 
was brought to London, and within a shorte space after he 
dyed of the same hurtes, and was buryed in London, in the 
church of saynt Poule. The kynge dyd as nobly his obsequy 
as though it had ben for his owne proper cosyne germayne, 
therle of Derby: his dethe was greatly bemoned in Eng- 
lande, and the kyng of Englande sware that he wolde never 
rest tyll he had revenged his dethe, and sayde howe he wolde 
go hymselfe into Bretaygne, and bringe the contrey in suche 
case, that it shulde nat be recovered agayne in fortie yere 
after. Incontynent he sent out letters throughout his realme, 
that every noble man and other shulde come to hym within 
a moneth after : and prepared a great navy of shyppes. And 
at the ende of the moneth he toke the see, and toke landyng 
in Bretayne, nat farre fro Vannes, there as sir Robert 
Dartoyes arryved ; he was thre dayes a landyng of all his 
provisyon : the iiii. day he went towarde Vannes : and all 
this season therle of Salisbury and therle of Pembroke were 
lyeng at siege before Renes. 



Howe the kyng of Englande came into Bretayne 
to make warre there. 

AFTER the kyng of Englande had ben a lande a 
AA certayne space, he went and layed siege to Vannes ; 
A. jL and within the towne ther was sir Olyver of 
Clysson, and sir Henry of Leon, the lorde of Turrayne,^ Towmemine. 
sir Geffray of Malestrayet, and sir Guy of Loheac : they 
supposed well before that the kyng of Englande wolde come 
into Bretayne, wherfore they had provyded the towne and 
castell with all thinges necessary. The kyng made a great 
assaut that endured halfe a day ; but lytell good they dyd, 
the cyte was so well defended. Whane the countesse of 
Mountfort knewe that the kyng of Englande was come, she 
departed fro Hanybont, accompanyed with sir Gaultier of 
Manny, and dyvers other knyghtes and squyers, and came 
before Vannes to se the kyng and the lordes of thoost, and 
a foure dayes after she retourned agayne to Hanybont with 
all her owne company. 

Nowe let us speke of sir Charles of Bloyes, who was in 
Nauntes : and assone as he knewe that the kyng of England 
was aryved in Bretayne, he sent worde therof to the Frenche 
kyng his uncle, desyring him of socour. Whan the king of 
England sawe this cyte so strong, and hard reported howe 
the countrey ther about was so poore and so sore wasted, 
that they wyst nat wher to get any forage, nother for man 
nor beest, than he ordayned to devyde his nombre: first 
therle of Arundell, the lorde Stafforde, sir Water of Manny, 
sir Yves of Tribyquedy, and sir Richard of Rochfort, with 
vi. C. men of armes, and vi. M. archers, to kepe styll the 
siege before Vannes, and to ryde and distroy the countrey all 
about ; and the kyng went to Renes, wher he was joyfully 
receyved with them that lay at siege there before, and had 
done a long season. And whan the kyng had ben ther a 
fy^e dayes, he understode that sir Charles du Bloyes was at 
Nantes, and made there a great assemble of men of warre. 
Thane the kynge departed fro Renes, and left them styll 
FF ^6 



Howe the 
kyng of Eng- 
lande came 
into Bretayne 
to make warre 

1 Oxford. 

^ Ras. 

8 Mowbray. 


ther that were ther before, to contynue their siege. Than 
the kyng came before Nauntes, and besieged it as farre as 
he might, but he coude nat lay rounde about, the cite was 
so great : the marshall of the boost rode abrode and dis- 
troyed great part of the countrey. The kyng ordayned his 
batell on a lytell mountayne without the towne, and there 
taryed fro the mornynge tyll it was noone, wenyng that sir 
Charles of Bloys wolde have yssued out to have gyven hym 
batayle : and whan they sawe it wolde nat be, they drewe 
to their lodgynges; the fore ryders ranne to the baryers, 
and skirmysshed and brent the subbarbes. Thus the kyng 
lay before Nauntes, and sir Charles within, who wrote to 
the Frenche kyng the state of thenglysshmen. The Frenche 
kyng had commaunded his sonne, the duke of Normandy, 
to gyve ayde to sir Charles of Bloyes, the which duke was 
as then come to Angyers, and there made his assemble of 
men of warr. The kyng of Englande made dyvers assautes 
to Nantes, but ever he lost of his men and wanne nothyng : 
and whan he sawe that by assautes he coude do nothyng, 
and that sir Charles wolde nat yssue out into the felde to 
fyght with hym, than he ordayned therle of Quenforte,^ sir 
Henry vycont of Beaumont, the lorde Percy, the lorde Rose,^ 
the lorde Mombray,^ the lorde Dalawarre, the lorde Raynolde 
Cobham, and the lorde sir John Lysle, with sixe hundred 
men of armes, and two hundred archers to kepe styll the 
siege ther, and to ryde and distroy the countrey all about. 
And than the kynge went and layed sege to the towne of 
Dynant, wherof sir Peter Portbeufe was captayne : the kyng 
made there fierse assautes, and they within d.efended them- 
selfe valyantly. Thus the kyng of England all at one season 
had sieges lyeng to thre cites and a good towne in Bretaygne. 



Howe sir Henry of Leon and the lorde Clysson 
were taken prisoners before Vannes. 

WHYLE the kyng of England was thus in Bretayne, 
wastynge and distroyeng the contrey, suche as 
he had lyeng at sege before Vannes gave dyvers 
assautes, and specially at one of the gates. And on a day 
ther was a great assaut, and many feates of armes done on 
bothe parties ; they within set opyn the gate and came to 
the baryers, bycause they sawe the erle of Warwykes baner, 
and therle of Arundels, the lorde StafFordes, and sir Water of 
Mannes adventuryng themself jeopard ously, as they thought : 
wherfore the lorde Clysson, sir Henry of Leon, and other 
adventured themselfe couragyously : there was a sore skir- 
mysshe ; finally the Englysshmen were put backe. Than the 
knyghtes of Bretayne openyd the baryers and adventured 
themselfe, and left six knyghtes with a gode nombre to 
kepe the towne, and they yssued out after thenglysshmen : 
and thenglysshmen reculed wysely, and ever fought as they 
sawe their avantage. Thenglysshmen multiplyed in suche 
wyse, that at last the Frenchmen and Bretons wer fayne to 
recule backe agayne to their towne, nat in so good order as 
they came forthe : than thenglysshmen folowed them agayne, 
and many were slayne and hurt. They of the towne sawe 
their men recule agayne and chased : than they closed their 
barryers in so yvell a tyme, that the lorde Clysson and sir 
Henry of Leon were closed without, and ther they were 
bothe taken prisoners. And on the other syde the lorde 
StafForde was gone in so farre, that he was closed in bytwene 
the gate and the baryers, and ther he was taken prisoner, 
and dyverse that were with hym taken and slayne. Thus 
thenglysshmen drewe to their lodgynges and the Bretons 
into the cytie of Vannes. 




Howe the kyng of Englande toke the towne 
of Dynant. 


I HITS, as ye have harde, these knyghtes were taken 
on bothe parties ; there was no mo suche assautes 
after. No we let us speke of the king of Englande, 
who lay at sege before Dynant. Whan he had layne ther a 
four dayes, he gate a great nombre of bottes and barges, 
and made his archers to entre into theym, and to rowe to 
the pales, wherewith the towne was closedde ; it had none 
other walles. The archers shot so feersly that non durst 
shewe at their defence ; than was ther certayne other with 
axes ; so that whyle the archers dyd shote, they hewed 
downe the pales, and so entred by force. Than they of 
the towne fledde to the market place, but they kept but a 
small order, for they that entred by the pales came to the 
gate and dyd opyn it; than every man entred, and the 
capitayne sir Pyers Portbeufe taken, and the towne over 
ron and robbed : thenglysshmen wan moche richesse in that 
towne, for it was a great towne of marchandyse. Whan the 
kyng had taken his pleasure ther as long as it had pleased 
hym, he left the towne voyde, and went to Vannes and 
lodged there. 

Nowe let us retourne to sir Loys of Spayne, and to sir 

1 OrimoMi. Charles Germaux ^ and sir Othes Dornes,^ who was as than 

2 Doria. admyrall on the see, with viii. galeys, xiii. barkes, and xxx. 

other shyppes, with Genowayes and Spanyardes. They kept 
the coost bytwene England and Bretayne, and dyd moche 
damage to them that came to refresshe the boost before 
Vannes. And at a tyme they set on the kynge of Englandes 
navy lyeng at Aucerre, in a lytell havyn besyde Vannes, so 
that they slewe a great part of them that kepte the shyppes, 
and had done moch more damage yf thenglysshmen lyeng 
at the siege had nat ron thyder in all hast; and yet as 
moche hast as they made, sir Loys of Spayne toke away iiii. 
shippes laded with provisyon, and drowned thre and all that 


was in them. Than the kyng was counselled to drawe part CAP. 
of his navy to Brest haven and the other part to Hanybont, LXXXXVI 
the which was done. And styll endured the siege before Howe the 
VannesandRenes. ^I^'^X'' 

CAP. LXXXXVII ^^°*''* 

What lordes of France the duke of Normandy 

brought into Bretayne agaynst the kyng of 


NOWE let us retourne to the journey that the duke 
of Normandy made the same season in Bretayne, 
to ayde and confort his cosyn syr Charles de 
Bloyes. The duke knewe well howe the kyng of Englande 
had sore damaged the contrey of Bretayn, and had besieged ' 
thre cytes, and taken the towne of Dynant. Than the duke 
departed fro the cytie of Angyers, with mo than iiii. M. 
men of armes, and xxx. M. of other. He toke the heygh 
way to Nauntes, by the gyding of the two marshals of 
Fraunce, the lorde of Momorency and the lorde of saynt 
Venant ; and after them rode the duke and therle of Alanson 
his uncle, therle of Bloys his cosyn; the duke of Burbone 
was ther, therle of Ponthyeu, therle of Bolayne, the erle of 
Vandome, therle of Dammartyne, the lorde of Craon, the 
lorde of Coucy, the lorde of Suly, the lorde of Frenes, the 
lorde of Roy, and so many lordes, knightes, and squyers of 
Normandy, Dauvergne, Berry, Lymosen, Dumayn,^ Poictou, 1 Maine. 
and Xaynton, that it were to long to reherse them all, and 
dayly they encreased. Tidynges came to the lordes that lay 
at siege before Nantes, that the duke of Normandy was 
commynge thyder with xl. M. men of warr. Incontynent 
thei sent worde therof to the kyng of England ; than the 
kyng studyed a lytell, and thought to breke up his siege 
before Vannes, and also his siege before Renes, and all 
togyder to drawe to Nauntes. But than his counsell sayd to 
hym. Sir, ye be here in a good sure ground, and nere to your 
navy, and sende for them that lyeth at siege before Nantes 
to come to you, and let the siege ly styll before Renes, for 
they be nat so ferr of but they shal be ever redy to come 




What lordes 
of France 
the duke of 
brought into 


to you yf nede be. The kynge agreed to this counsel!, and 
so sent for them before Nauntes, and they came to hym to 
Vannes. The duke of Normandy came to Nantes, wher sir 
Charles de Bloys was; the lordes loged in the cytie, and 
their men abrode in the contrey, for they coude nat all lodge 
in the cytie nor in the subbarbes. 

1 Bertrand du 


Howe the kynge of Englande and the duke 

of Normandy were hoost agaynst hoost lodged 

before Vannes. 

WHYLE the duke of Normandy was at Nauntes, 
the lordes of Englande that lay at siege before 
Renes, on a day made a great and a feerse assaut, 
for they had made many instrumentes to assaut withall. This 
assaut enduredde a hole day, but they wan nothynge, but 
lost dyvers of their men. Within the cytie was the lorde 
Dancenys, the lorde of Pont, sir John of Malatrayt, Yvan 
Charuell, and Bertram Grasquyne,^ squyer; they defended 
themselfe so well, with the bysshoppe of the cytie, that they 
toke no damage; howebeit, thenglysshmen lay ther styll, 
and over ran and wasted the contrey all about. Than the 
duke of Normandy departed with all his host, and drue 
towarde Vannes, the soner to fynde his ennemies, for he 
was enformed, ho we they of Vannes were in moost jeopardy, 
and in peryll of lesyng ; than the two marshals went forthe, 
and sir Geffray of Charney, and therle of Guynes constable 
of Fraunce, made the areregarde. So thus the Frenchmen 
came to Vannes, on thother syde, agaynst ther as the kyng of 
Englande lay ; they lay alonge by a fayre medowe syde, and 
made a great dyke about their host : the marshals and fore 
ryders often tymes skirmysshed toguyder on bothe parties ; 
than the kynge of Englande sende for therle of Salisbury, 
and therle of Pembroke, and the other that lay at siege at 
Renes, to come to hym, and so they dyd. Thenglysshemen 
and the Bretons of that partie, were well to the nombre of ii. 
M. and v. C. men of armes, and vi. M. archers, and iiii. M. of 


other men a fote : the Frenchmen were foure tymes as many, CAP. 
well aparelled. The kyng of England had so fortifyed his LXXXXVIII 
hoost, that the Frenchmen coude take no advauntage of Howe the 
hym, and he made no mo assautes to the towne, bycause of ^y^R^ofEng- 
sparyng of his men and artyllary : thus these two hoostes ^Tke of^Nor-* 
lay one agaynst another a longe season, tyll it was well mandy were 
onwarde in wynter. Than pope Clement the sixt, sende the boost agaynst 
cardynall of Penester,^ and the cardynall of Cieremount, to lioost lodged 
entreat for a peace, and they rode often tymes bytwene the ^^^^^ 
parties, but they coude bring them to no peace. In the 
mean season, ther were many skirmysshes and men taken, ^ Preneste. 
slayne, and overthrowen on bothe parties : thenglysshmen 
durst nat go a foragyng, but in great company es, for they 
were ever in great danger, by reason of busshmentes that 
were layd for them : also sir Loyes of Spayne kept so the 
see coost, that with moche danger, any thynge came to 
thenglysshe hoost; the Frenchmen thought to kepe the 
kynge ther in maner as besieged : also the Frenchmen en- 
dured moche payne, with wete and cold : for day and night 
it rayned on them, wherby they lost many of their horses, 
and were fayne to dyslodge and lye in the playne feldes, 
they had so moche water in their lodgynges. At last these 
cardynals dyd so moch, that there was a truse agreed for 
thre yere: the kyng of Englande, and the duke of Nor- 
mandy, sware to upholde the same, without brekyng, as the 
custome is in suche lyke cases. 


Howe the French kynge caused the heedes to be 

stryken of, of the lorde Clysson and dyverse other 

lordes of Bretayne and of Normandy. 

THUS this great assembly brake uppe, and the siege 
raysed at Vannes : the duke of Normandy went to 
Nantes, and had with hym the two cardynals. And 
the kyng of Englande went to Hanybont, to the countesse 
of Mountfort ; ther was an exchaunge made bytwene the 
baron of Stafford, and the lorde Clysson. Whan the kyng 




CAP. had taryed at Hanybont as long as it pleased him, 
LXXXXIX than he left ther therle of Penbroke, sir Wyllyam of 
Howe the Caducall,^ and other, and thane retourned into Englande 
French kynge g^|jQ^|.g Christmas; and the duke of Normandy retourned 
heedes to be ^"*° Fraunce, and gave leave to every man to depart. And 
stryken of, anone after, the lord Clysson was taken upon suspecyons of 
of the lorde treason, and was putte into the chatelet of Parys, wherof 
Clysson and many had great marveyle ; lordes and knyghtes spake eche 
hSie?^^*^^'" to other therof, and sayde. What mater is that is layd 
agaynst the lorde Clysson. Ther was none coude tell, but 

1 CadoudaZ. some ymagined that it was false envy, bycause the kynge of 

England bare more favour to delyver hym in exchang, rather 
than sir Henry of Leon, who was styll in prison ; bycause 
the kyng shewed hym that avantage, his enemyes suspected 
in hym peradventure that was nat true; upon the which 
suspect, he was beheeded at Paris, without mercy or excuse ; 
he was gretly bemoned. Anone after, ther were dyvers 
knyghtes were accused in semblable case, as the lorde of 

2 Avaugour. Maletrayt and his son, the lorde of Vangor,^ sir Thybault 

of Morilon, and dyvers other lordes of Bretayne, to the 
nombre of x. knyghtes and squyers, and they lost all their 
heedes at Parys. And anone after, as it was sayd, ther was 
put to dethe by famyne iiii. knyghtes of Normandy, sir 
Wyllyam Baron, sir Henry of Maletrayt, the lorde of Roch- 
tesson, and sir Rycharde of Persy, wherby after there fell 
moche trouble in Bretayne, and in Normandy. The lorde 
of Clysson had a sonne called as his father was, Oly ver : he 
went to the countesse of Mountfort, and to her sonne, who 
was of his age, and also without father, for he dyed as ye 
8 The Louvre, have hard before, in the castell of Lour ^ in Paris. 


Of the order of saynt George that kyng Edwarde 
stablysshed in the castell of Wyndsore. 

IN this season the king of England toke pleasure to 
newe reedefy the Castell of Wyndsore, the whiche was 
begonne by kyng Arthure ; and ther firste beganne the 
Table Rounde, wherby sprange the fame of so many noble 


knightes throughout all the worlde. Than kyng Edwarde CAP. C 
determyned to make an order and a brotherhode of a cer- Of the order 
tayne nombre of knyghtes, and to be called knyghtes of the of saynt 
blewe garter ; and a feest to be kept yerely at Wynsore on ^^orge 
sa3Tit Georges day. And to begynne this order, the kynge Edwsu-dT^ 
assembled togyder erles, lordes and knyghtes of his realme, stablysshed. 
and shewed them his intencyon ; and they all joyously 
agreed to his pleasur, bycause thei sawe it was a thyng 
moche honourable, and wherby great amyte and love shulde 
growe and encrease. Than was ther chosen out a certayne 
nombre of the moost valyantest men of the realme, and they 
sware and sayled to mentayne the ordynaunces, suche as 
were devysed : and the kyng made a chapell in the castell 
of Wynsore, of saynt George, and stablysshed certayne 
chanons ther to serve God, and enduyd them with fayre 
rent. Than the kyng sende to publysshe this feest, by 
his heraldes, into Fraunce, Scotlande, Burgone, Heynault, 
Flaunders, Brabant, and into thempyre of Almayne, gy veng 
to every knight and squyer that wolde come to the sayd 
feest XV dayes of salve conduct before the feest and after ; 
the whiche feest to begynne at Wyndsore, on saynt George 
day nexte after, in the yere of our Lorde M.CCC. xliiii. and 
the quene to be ther acompanyed with iii. C. ladyes and 
damosels, all of noble lynage, and aparelled acordingly. 


Howe the kyng of Englande delyverd out of 
prison sir Henry of Leon. 

WHYLE the kynge made this preparation at Wynd- 
sore for this sayd feest, tidynges came to hym 
howe the lorde Clysson and dyvers other lordes 
had lost their heedes in Fraunce, wherwith the kyng was 
sore dyspleased ; in so moch, that he was in purpose to have 
served sir Henry of Leon in lyke case, whom he had in 
prisonne : but his cosyn the erle of Derby, shewed to hym 
before his counsayle, suche reasons to asswage his yre, and 
to refrayne his courage ; sayeng, Sir, though that kyng 
Philyppe in his hast hath done so foule a dede, as to put to 
GG 233 


CAP. CI dethe such valyant knyghtes, yet sir, for all that, blemysshe 
Howe the nat your noblenesse ; and sir, to say the trouth, your prisoner 
kyng of ought to here no blame, for his dede ; but sir, put hym to 

iinglande ^ resonable raunsome. Than the kynee sent for the knyeht 
ddwcrci out/ • •/ o •/ o 

of prison sir prisoner to come to his presence, and than sayd to hym, A, 
Henry of sir Henry, sir Henry, myne adversary Philyppe of Valoyes 
Leon. hath shewed his felony right cruell, to put to dethe suche 

knyghtes, wherwith I am sore dyspleased ; and it is thought 
to us, that he hath done it in dyspite of us ; and if I wolde 
regarde his malyce, I shulde serve you in lyke maner, for ye 
have done me more dyspleasure, and to myne in Bretayne, 
than any other person ; but I woll suffre it and let hym do 
his worst ; for to my power I woll kepe myne honour ; and 
I am content ye shall come to a lyght ransome, for the love 
of my cosyn of Derby, who hathe desyred me for you, so 
that ye woll do that I shall shewe you. The knyght 
answered and sayd, Sir, I shal do all that ye shall com- 
maunde me. Than sayd the kyng, I knowe well ye be one of 
the richest knyghtes in Bretaygne, and yf I wolde sore cease 
you, ye shulde pay me xxx. or xl. M. scutes. But ye shall 
go to myne adversary Philyppe of Valoyes, and shewe hym 
on my behalfe, that syth he hath so shamefully putte to 
dethe so valyant knyghtes, in the dispyte of me, I say and 
woll make it good, he hath broken the tnise taken bytwene 
me and hym ; wherfore also I renownce it on my parte, and 
defye hym fro this day forewarde. And so that ye woll do 
this message, your raunsome shal be but x. M. scutes, the 
which ye shall pay and sende to Bruges within xv. dayes 
after ye be past the see ; and moreover ye shall say to all 
knyghtes and squyers of those partes, that for all this they 
leave nat to come to our feest at Wyndsore, for we wolde 
gladly se theym, and they shall have sure and save conduct 
to retoume, xv. dayes after the feest. Sir, sayd the knyght, 
to the beste of my power I shall accomplysshe your mes- 
sage, and God rewarde your grace for the courtessy ye 
shewe me, and also I humbly thanke my lorde of Derby 
of his good wyll. 

And so sir Henry of Leon departed fro the kyng and 
went to Hampton, and ther toke the see, to thyntent to 
arryve at|Harflewe, but a storme toke hym on the see, which 



endured fyftene dayes, and lost his horse, which were caste CAP, CI 
into the see, and sir Henry of Leon was so sore troubled, Howe the 
that he had never helth after ; howebeit, at laste he toke kyng of 
lande at Crotoy : and so he and all his company went a fote Englande 
to Abvyle, and ther they get horses : but sir Henry was so ©f prison sh- 
sicke that he was fayne to go in a lytter, and so came to Henry of 
Parys to kyng Philyppe, and dyd his message, fro poynt Leon, 
to poynt ; and he lyved nat long after, but dyed as he went 
into his countrey, in the cytie of Angyers ; God assoyle 
his soule. 


Howe the kynge of Englande sent therle of Derby 
to make warre into Gascoyne. 

THE day of saynt George approched that this great 
feest shuld be at Wynsore ; ther was a noble com- 
pany of erles, barownes, ladyes, and damoselles, 
knyghtes, and squyers, and great tryumphe justynge and 
tournayes, the which endured fyftene dayes. And thyder 
came many knyghtes of dy verse contreis, as of Flanders, 
Heynalt, and Brabant, but out of France ther came none. 
This feest duryng, dyverse newse came to the kynge out of 
dyvers contreis. Thyder came knyghtes of Gascoyne, as the 
lorde of Lespare, the lorde of Chaumount, the lorde of 
Musydent, sende fro the other lordes of the countrey, suche 
as were Englysshe, as the lorde de Labreth,^ the lorde oi^D'AWret. 
Punyers,^ the lorde of Mountferant, the lorde of Duras, the 2 Pommiers. 
lorde of Carton,^ the lorde of Grayly, and dyverse other : ' Craton. 
and also ther were sent messangers fro the cytie of Bayon, 
and fro Bourdeaux. These messangers were well feested with 
the kynge and with his counsayle, and they shewed hym 
howe that his countrey of Gascoyne, and his good cytie of 
Bourdeaux were but febly conforted, wherfore they desyred 
hym to sende thyder suche a captayne, and suche men of 
warr, that they might resyste agaynst the Frenchemen who 
were in a great army and kept the feldes. Than the kyng 
ordayned his cosyn, the erle of Derby, to go thyder, and 
he to be as chiefe captayne, and with hym to go therle of 
Penbroke, therle of Quenforde,* the baron of Stafford e, sir * Oxford. 




3 Badcliffe. 
* Oxendon. 
^ Dagworth 

CAP. CII Gaultier of Manny, the lorde Franque de la Hall, the Lyevre^ 
Howe the de Brabant, sir Hewe Hastynges, sir Stephyn de Tombey, 
kynge of ^he lorde of Manny, sir Rychard Haydon, the lorde Normant 
senttiherleof °^ Fynefroyde,^ sir Robert of Lerny, sir John Norwyche, sir 
Derby to make Rycharde Rocklefe,^ sir Robert of Quenton,* and dyvers 
warre into other; they were a fyve hundred knyghtes and squyers, and 
Gascoyne. two thousande archers. The king sayd to his cosyn therle 

1 alias the Haze, of Derby, Take with you golde and sylver ynough, ye shall 

2 Owinford. nat lacke, and depart largely therof with your men of warr, 
wherby ye shall gette their love and favoure. Than the 
kynge ordayned sir Thomas Daugorne ^ into Bretaygne to 
the countesse of Mountfort, to helpe to kepe her countrey 
for all the peace that was taken, for he douted that the 
Frenche kyng wolde make warre, bycause of the message 
that he sent hym by sir Henry of Leon ; and with hym he 
sent a hundred men of armes, and two hundred archers. 
Also the kyng ordayned therle of Salisbury, and therle Dul- 
nestre, into the northe parties, with a hundred men of 
armes and sixe hundred archers, for the Scottes had rebelled 
agayne to hym, and had brent in Cornwall, and ronne to 
Bristowe, and besieged the towne of Dulnestre. Thus the 
kynge sent his men of warr into dyvers places, and delyverd 
the captayns golde and sylver sufficyent to pay their wages, 
and to retayne soudyers : and so every company departed as 
they were ordayned. 

Nowe first lette us speke of therle of Derby for he had 
the grettest charge. He toke shypping at Hampton and 
sayled tyll he arryved at Bayon, a good towne and a stronge 
cytie the which had long been Englysshe. They landed ther 
the sixt day of June in the yere of our Lorde M.iii.C.xliiii, 
Ther they were well receyved, and taryed ther a sevyn dayes, 
and the eyght day departed and went to Burdeaux, wher 
they were receyved with solempne processyon : and the erle 
of Derby was lodged in thabbay of saynt Andrewe. And 
whan the erle of Laylle,^ the Frenche kynges lyeutenant in 
those parties understode of the commyng of thenglysshmen, 
he sende for therle of Comyges,'' the erle of Pyergourt,^ the 
erle of Carman, the vycount of Vyllemure, the erle of Valen- 
tenoyes, therle of Myrande, the erle of Duras, the lorde of 
Maryde, the lorde Delabard, the lorde of Pycornet, the 


8 Lisle. 

' Comminges. 
8 Perigord. 


vycont of Chastellone, the lorde of Newcastell,^ the lorde CAP. CII 
of Lestyne,^ the abbot of saynt Sylver, and all other lordes, Howe the 
suche as helde of the French partie. And whan they were kynge of 
all togyder, thane he demaunded counsayje on the commyng ^nglande 
of therle of Derby : they answered ho we they thought them- DerbvtTmake 
selfe strong ynough to kepe the passage at Bergerate,^ over warre into 
the ryver of Garon, the which sayeng pleased well therle Gascoyne. 
of Layll/ who as than was in Gascoyne, as kyng under 1 Caatdnau. 
the French kyng, and had kept that contrey as long as^Lescun. 
the warre had endured, and had taken dyvers townes and ^ Bergerac. 
castels fro thenglysshmen. Than these lordes sent for men * Lisle. 
of warr fro all parties, and went and kept the subbarbes 
of Bergerate, the which were great, and inclosed with the 
ryver of Garon. 


Howe the erle of Derby conquered Bergerathe. 

WHAN therle of Derby had ben at Burdeux a xv. 
dayes, he understode howe these lordes and 
knyghtes of Gascoyne were at Bergerath: in a 
mornynge he drewe thyderward, and he caused sir Gaultier 
of Manny, and sir Franque de Hall, to go before, who were 
marshalles of his boost. That mornynge they rode thre leages 
to a castell that was Englysshe called Mounterolyer,' but a ^ MontcrovUitr. 
lytell leage fro Bergerath : ther they taryed all that day 
and that night ; the next mornynge, their currours ranne to 
the barryers of Bergerath ; and at their retourne, they 
reported to sir Gaultier of Manny, howe they had sene parte 
of the demeanour of the Frenchemen, the which they thoght 
to be but symple. That mornynge thenglysshmen dyned 
betymes, and as they satte at dyner sir Gaultier of Manny 
behelde therle of Derby, and sayde. Sir, yf we were good 
men of armes, we shulde drinke this evenynge with the 
Frenche lordes beyng in Bergerath. Quoth therle, And for 
me it shall nat be let. Whan every man harde that, they 
sayde. Let us go arme us, for we shall ryde incontynent to 
Bergerath : ther was no more to do, but shortly every man 
was armed and a horsebacke. Whan the erle of Derby sawe 
his company so well wylled, he was right joyeouse and sayde, 




CAP. cm Lette us ryde to our ennemies, in the name of God and saynt 
Howe the erle George. So they rode forthe with their baners displayed, 

of Derby 




^ Lisle. 

3 CaOelnau. 

in all the heate of they day, tyll they came to the baylles of 
Bergerath, the whiche were nat easy to wynne, for part of 
the ryver of Garon went about it. Whan the Frenchmen 
sawe thenglysshmen come to assayle them, they sayde amonge 
themselfe, howe they shulde sone be driven backe ; they 
yssued out in good order ; they had many of the villayns 
of the contrey yll armed : the Englysshmen approched, and 
the archers began to shote fiersly. And whanne those fote- 
men felt the arowes lyght among theym and sawe the 
baners and standerdes wave with the wynde, the which they 
had nat bene acustomed to se before, than thei reculed backe 
among their owne men of armes; than thenglysshmen of 
armes aproched, and dasshed in among their enmys, and 
slewe and bete downe on every part, for the Frenchmen of 
armes coulde nother aproche forwarde nor backewarde, for 
their owne fotemen, who reculed without order, and dyd 
stoppe them their way ; ther wer many slajTie and sore hurt. 
Thenglysshe archers were on bothe sydes the way, and shotte 
so holly togyder, that none durste approche, nor yssue 
through theym ; so the Frenchmen were put abacke into the 
subarbes of Bergerath, but it was to suche a myschefe for them, 
that the first bridge and baylles were wonne by clene force, 
for thenglysshmen entred with them, and there on the pave- 
ment many knyghtes were slajoie, and sore hurte, and dyvers 
prisoners taken of them that adventured theymselfe to 
defende the passage ; and the lorde of Mirpoyse ^ was slayne, 
under sir Gaultier of Mannes baner, who was the first that 
entred. Whan therle of Layll ^ sawe that the Englysshmen 
had wonne the subbarbes, and slayne his men without mercy, 
he than reculed backe into the towne, and passed the brige 
with great trouble and danger. Byfore that bridge ther was 
a sore skirmysshe, the lordes and knyghtes fought hande to 
hande; the lorde of Manny avaunced hymselfe so ferre 
among his ennemyes, that he was in great daunger. 
Thenglysshmen toke ther the vycount of Bousquetyne, the 
lorde of Newcastell,^ the lorde of Chastellon, the lorde de 
Lescu ; all other of the Frenchmen entred into the towne, 
and closed their gates, and lette downe their portcolyse, and 


than wente to the walles to their defences. This assaut and CAP. CIII 

skirmyssh endured tyll the evenyng; than thenglysshmen Howe the erle 

withdrue, right sore wery, and entred into the subbarbes, of Derby 

the which they had wonne, where they founde wyne and ^'^'l"®'"®^ 

vitayle, sufficyent for their hole boost for two monethes. ^^^^^^ ®' 

The next momyng, the erle of Derby caused his trumpettes 

to be sowned, and set his people in order of batayle, and 

aproched the towne, and made a sore assaut, the which 

endured tyll noone ; lytell dyd thenglysshmen at that assaut, 

for they within defended themselfe valyantly ; at noone the 

Englysshmen withdrewe, for they sawe well they dyd but 

lese their payne. Than the lordes went to counsayle, and 

determyned to assaut the towne by water, for it was closed 

but with pales ; than therle of Derby sende to the navy at 

Burdeaux for shyppes, and ther was brought fro Burdeaux 

to Bergerath, Ix. shyppes and barkes. The next day in the 

evenynge they ordred their batayls; and in the next 

mom)mg, by the son rysinge, the navy was redy to assaut by 

water : the baron of Stafford was captayne. Thenglysshmen 

and archers adventured theymselfe valyantly, and came to a 

great barryer before the pales, the which anone was cast 

downe to the yerth. Thanne they of the towne came to 

therle de Laylle,^ and to the other lordes and knyghtes that ^ ■^^• 

wer ther, and sayde. Sirs, take hede what ye woll do, we be 

in a great jeopardy to be all lost ; if this towne be lost we 

lese all that we have, and our lyves also ; yet hit were better 

that we yelded ourselfe to the erle of Derby, than to have 

more damage. The erle of Laylle sayd. Go we to the place 

wher as nedeth moost defence, for we wyll nat as yet yelde 

uppe the towne ; so they went to defende the pales. 

The archers that were in the barkes, shot so holly togyder 
that none durst apere at their defence, without they were 
slayne or sore hurte : there were within a two hundred Geno- 
wayes crosbowes, and nere were pavysshed agaynste the 
shotte ; they helde the Englysshe archers well awarke all the 
day, and many hurt on bothe parties. Finally, the Englyssh- 
men dyd so moche that they brake downe a great pane of 
the pales ; than they within reculed backe, and desyred a 
treaty and a trewse, the which was graunted to endur all 
that day and the next nyght, so that they shulde nat fortify 




of Derby 



1 La Biole. 

2 Oxford. 

CAP. CIII in the meane season : so eyther partie drewe to their lodg- 
Howe the erle JTiges. This nyght the lordes within the towne were in great 
" ~ counsayle, and finally, about mydnight, they trussed bagge 

and baggage, and departed out of the towne of Bergerath, 
and toke the waye to the towne of Ryoll,^ the which was nat 
ferre fro thens. The next mornynge, the Englysshmen 
agayne entred into their barkes and came to the same place 
where they had broken the pales, and ther they founde 
certayne of the towne, who desyred them that they wolde 
pray the erle of Derby to take them to mercy, savyng their 
lyves and goodes, and fro thensforthe they wolde be obey- 
saunt to the ky nge of Englande. The erle of Quenefort,^ and 
therle of Penbroke sayde they wolde speke gladly for theym ; 
and so they came to the erle of Derby, and shewed hym 
thyntent of them of the towne : the erle of Derby sayde. He 
that mercy desyreth, mercy ought to have; bydde theym 
opyn their gates, and shewe them they shal be assured of 
me and all myne. These two lordes went agayne to them 
of the towne, and shewed them the erle of Derbyes intent ; 
than they assembled all the people toguyder, and sowned 
their belles and opyned their gates, and yssued out menne 
and women in processyon, and humbly mette the erle of 
Derby, and so brought hym into the chiefe churche, and 
there sware fay the and homage to the erle in the name of 
the kyng of Englande, by vertue of a procuracyon that the 
erle hadde. 


Howe the erle of Derby conquered dyverse 
townes and fortresses in hyghe Gascoyne. 

'HE same day that therle of Laylle^ was come to 

Ryoll fro Bergerate, he and his company devysed 

to depart themselfe, some into one fortresse, and 

some into another, and to kepe fronter warre. And the 

seneshall of Tholouz, the erle of Vyllemure, were sent to 

Auberoche ; sir Bertrame de Presse, to Pellagrewe ; the lorde 

Phylippe of Dyone, to Mountagret ; the lorde of Mount- 

brandone, to Mauldurane ; Arnolde of Dyone, to Mount- 

gyse ; Robert of Malmore, to Beaumount in Laylloes ; sir 


^ Lisle. 



Charles of Poyters, to Pennes in Agynoes. Thus these CAP. CIIII 
knyghtes wer devyded fro garyson to garyson, and the erle Howe the erle 
of Laylle taryed in the Ryoll, and newe repayred the of Derby 
fortresse. And whane the erle of Derby had taryed in conquered 
Bergerath two dayes, he demaunded of the seneshal of^^^^^^^^^ 
Burdeaux what way was best for hym to take, for he sayde, fortresses in 
he wolde natte lye styll ; the seneshall aunswered, howe he hyghe Gas- 
thought it best to drawe to Pyergourt,^ and into hyghe coyiie. 
Almaygne.^ Than the erle of Derby prepayred to departe, 1 Perigord. 
and left captayne in Bergerathe, sir John de la Sante : and 2 mistake for 
as thenglysshmen went forwarde, they came to a castell ^«^«co?/ne. 
called Lango, wherof the veigneur ^ of Tholouz was captayn. s viguier. 
There thenglysshmen taryed and gave assaut to the castell, 
bycause they sayde, they wolde natte leave suche a castell 
behynde theym, but at that assaut the Englysshmen wanne 
but lytell. The nexte day the assauters brought fagottes, 
tymber, and other thynges, and fylled so the dykes, that 
they might go to the walles : than sir Franque de Hall 
counsayled them within to yeldg, for he sayd they might 
abyde so long, that it shulde be to late : they within desyred 
respyte to gyve an answere, the which was agreed ; and whan 
they had counsayled, the parties greed; so they departed 
with their lyves, but they bare away nothynge, and went to 
Monsacke. Therle of Derby made capitayne at Lango, a 
squyer called Aymone Lyone, and with hym xxx. archers : 
than therle rode to a towne called le Lacke, and they of the 
towne met hym on the way, and brought hym the kayes, and 
dyd homage to the kyng of Englande. Than therle went 
forthe, and came to Mandurant, the whiche he wanne with 
assaut ; whan he had sette rulers there, he went to the castell 
of Mountgyse, and toke it also by assaut, and the captayne 
he sende as prisonere to Burdeaux ; than he rode to Punache, 
the which also he wanne, and also the castell de la Lewe, 
and there he taryed thre dayes ; the fourth daye he went 
to Forsathe,* and wanne it lightly, and also the towre of * Fronsac. 
Pondayre. Thane he came to a great towne called Beau- 
mount in Laylloyes parteyninge to the inherytaunce of the 
erle of Laylle : thre dayes the erle of Derby lay there, and 
made great assautes ; the place was well fortifyed with men 
of warre and artillery, howbeit, finally it was wonne, and 
HH 241 


CAP. CIIII many of them within slayne. Than therle of Derby set 

Howe the erle there newe captayns, and men of warre ; and fro thense he 

of Derby went to the chiefs towne, parteyninge to the erle of Laylle, 

conquered wherof the lorde Philyppe of Dyone, and Amolde of Dyone 

townes\nd ^^^^ capitayns. The Englysshmen approched to the barryers, 

fortresses in and the archers shotte so quickely, so that they of the towne 

hyghe Gas- durste nat appere at their defence : so the firste day the 

coyne. baylles harde to the gate of the towne was wonne, and in the 

evenynge the assaut seaced, and every man drewe to their 

lodgynges. The next mornynge, the assaut began agayne in 

dyvers places so that they within wyst nat well what to do ; 

thane they desyred to have a peace ; than an haraulde was 

sende to them, and a day respyte to treat, in the meane 

season. Thane the erle of Derby hymselfe went to the 

barryers to speke with theym of the towne, and with hym 

was the baron of StafForde, and the lorde of Manny ; therle 

wolde they shulde have yelded themselfe simply, but they 

so agreed, that the towne shuld be under the obeysance of 

the kyng of Englande and that they shulde sende twelfe of 

their burgesses into the cytie of Burdeaux for hostage ; and 

the lordes and knightes of Fraunce departed under save 

conduct, and went to the Ryoll. 


J Oxford. Howe therle of Quenfort ^ was taken in Gascoyne, 

and delyverd agayn by exchaung. 

AFTER this conquest, the erle of Derby went to 

AA Bonvall, and there made a great assaute, and 

-^ -^ many hurte on bothe parties ; finally, it was takene, 

and newe refresshed with captaynes, and men of warre. Than 

therle passed farther into the countie of Pyergourt, and 

^ BourdeiUe. passed by Bordall,'' without any assaute, and laboured so 

3 Perigueux. longe, that at laste he came before Pyergourt.' Therle of 

that countrey was in the towne and the lorde Roger of 

* QuenfoH P. Pyergourt,* his uncle, and the lorde of Duras, with a sixscore 

knyghtes and squyers of the countrey : the erle of Derby 

advysed howe he myght best assayle the towne to his advaun- 

tage, for he sawe well it was stronge : soo that all thynges 



consydred, it was thought nat beste to enploy his people CAP. CV 
there in that jeopardy, and so went and lodged a two leages Howe therle 
thense, by a lytell ryver, to the intent to assayle the castelle of Quenfort 
of Pelagrue : ^ about mydnight yssued out of Pyergourt,^ a ^*^ taken in 
two hundred speares, and are it was day, they came into the a^^'j'i"^* d 
lodgynges of thenglysshmen, and slewe and hurte many, and agayn. 
came into the erle of Quenfortes ^ tent, and founde hym ^ 
armynge : and he was so sharpely assayled, that he was taken ^ * ^F''^' 
prisoner and thre other of his house. Than the Gascoyns 3 ^T^T"* 
went backe or the host were more styrred, and drewe agayne 
to their towne, as it was nedefull for theym ; they founde 
their gates opyn, for they were hotely pursued and driven 
home into their barryers. Than the Gascons alyghted and 
defended their barryers, and fought hande to hande so that 
they lost nothyng : than thenglysshmen retourned to their 
boost. And the erle of Derby went to Pelagrue, and ther 
was sixe dayes, and made many great assautes ; ther was the 
delyverance made of the erle of Quenfort and his company 
by exchang, for the vycount of Bouquentyne, the vycount 
of Chastellone, the lorde of Lescue, and of the lorde of 
Newcastell,* on the condycion that the landes of Pyergourt * Casteinau. 
shulde abyde thre yeres in rest and peace, but the lordes 
and knyghtes of the countrey might well arme themselfe 
without any forfette, but nothyng to be robbed and brent 
within the countrey durynge that space. Thus thenglyssh- 
men departed fro before Pelagrue, for that pertayned to the 
countie of Pyergourt ; than the erle of Derby went to 
Auberoche, a fayre castell and a stronge, pertayninge to 
the bysshoppe of Tholouz. Thenglysshmen lodged theymselfe 
there about as thoughe they were mynded to abyde there 
a longe space, and dyde sende them worde within, to yelde 
themselfe, for if they were taken byforce, they were all but 
deed without mercy ; they within hadde great dout of their 
lyves, and they sawe no socour commynge fro no partie : 
than they yelded themselfe, and became subgettes to the 
kyng of England. Than the erle of Derby drewe towarde 
Burdeaux, and left in garyson in Auberoche, sir Franque de 
la Halle, and sir Alayne of Fynefroyde, and sir John of 
Lynedall. Thane in his way he came to a good towne 
called Lyborne, twelfe leages fro Burdeaux, and layde siege 




Howe therle 
of Quenfort 
was taken in 

1 for Tomhey. 

2 Aimsel. 

3 Oxford. 


about it, and sayde, howe he wolde nat depart thense tyll he 
had it. They within tooke counsayle, so that all thynges 
consydred, the good and yvell, they yelded them to therle 
of Derby, and dyd homage, and ther therle taryed a thre 
dayes, and left the erle of Penbroke, the lorde Stafforde, sir 
Stephyn of Courcy,^ and sir Alysander Hausayle,'^ styll in 
Lyborne; than therle of Derby, the erle of Quenfort,* sir 
Gaultier of Manny, and other, rode streyght to Bourdeaux. 


Howe therle of Layle layde siege before 

A T the retournynge of therle of Derby to Bourdeaux, 

l\ he was joyefully receyved, and mette with pro- 

-i. -^ cessyon, and offeredde hym every thyng in the 

towne at his pleasure ; there he taryed and sported hym 

with the burgesses, ladyes, and damosels of the towne. 

Nowe lette us speke of the erle of Laylle, who was at the 
RyoU ; whane he understode that the erle of Derby was at 
Burdeaux, and lay styll, and no lickelyhode that he wolde 
styrre any farther that season, than he wrote to the erle of 

4 Caraman. Pyergourt, of Carmaynye,* of Conynes,^ and of Breuniquele,' 

5 Comminges. and to all the other lordes of Gascoyne of the Frenche 

6 Bruniquel. partie, that they shulde assemble their men, and come and 

mete hym before Auberoche, for his mynde was to ley siege 
therto ; they all obeyed hym, for he was as kynge in those 
parties of Gascoyne. The lordes and knyghtes within 
Auberoche was nat ware of any siege, tyll it was layd rounde 
about them, so that none coude yssue out nor entre without 
parcey vinge. The Frenchemen brought with them four great 
engyns fro Tholouz, the whiche dyd caste day and night, 
they made no other assaut ; so within sixe dayes, they had 
broken the rofFes of the towres and chambers, that they 
within durste nat abyde, but in lowe vautes ; the intent of 
them of the host was to slee them all within, or els to have 
them yelde simply, Therle of Derby had knowledge howe 
the siege lay before Auberoch, but he knewe nat that his 
company wer so sore oppressed as they were. Whan sir 


Franque de Hall, sir Aleyne de Fyneforde, and sir John of CAP. CVI 
Lyndall, who were thus besieged within Auberoche, sawe Howe therle 
themselfe thus hardly bestadde, they demaunded among of Layle 
their varlets, if their were any, for a good reward e, wolde r'^c^^ ^^®^® 
here a letter to therle of Derby to Burdeux. One varlet Auberoche 
stepped forthe and sayd, he wold gladly here it, nat for the 
advauntage of his rewarde but rather to helpe to delyver 
them out of daunger. In the nyght, the varlette toke the 
letter, sealed with their scales, and thanne went downe the 
dykes, and so past through the boost : there was none other 
remedy. He was met with the firste watche, and past by 
them, for he spake good Gascoyne, and named a lorde of the 
boost, and sayd he parteyned to hym, but than agayn he 
was taken among the tentes, and so brought into the herte 
of the boost; he was sherched, and the letter founde on 
hym, and soo he was kepte save tyll the mornynge, that the 
lordes were assembled togyder. Than the letter was brought 
to therle of Layle; they had great joye, whanne they par- 
ceyved that they within were so sore constrayned, that they 
coude nat long endure : than they toke the varlet, and 
hanged the letter about his necke, and dyd put hym into 
an engyn and dyde cast hym into the towne : the varlette 
fell downe deed, wherwith they within were sore troubled. 
The same season, therle of Pyergourt, and his uncle sir 
Charles of Poyters and the vycount of Carmany and the 
lorde of Duras, were a horsbacke and passed by the walles 
of the towne as nere as they might, and cryed to them 
within, and sayd in mockery, Sirs, demaunde of your mes- 
sanger where he founde therle of Derby, syth he went out 
but this nyght, and is retourned agayne so shortly. Than 
sir Franque de Hall sayde. Sirs, though we be here inclosed, 
we shall yssue out whan it shall please God, and the erle of 
Derby : as wolde to God he knewe in what case we be in, 
for and he knewe it there is none of you that durste kepe 
the felde, and if ye wolde sende hym worde therof, one of 
us shall yelde hymselfe prisoner to you, to be raunsomed as 
a gentylman ought to be. The Frenchmen answered Nay, 
nay, sirs, the mater shall nat go so, the erle of Derby shall 
knowe it well ynough, whan with our engyns we have beaten 
downe the castell to the yerthe, and that ye have yelded up 




Howe therle 
of Layle 
layde siege 


simply for savyng of your ly ves. Certaynly, quod sir Franque, 
we shall nat yelde ourselfe so, we woll rather dye here 
within. So the Frenchmen retourned &ga.yae to their hoost, 
and the thre Englysshe knyghtes were sore abasshed, for the 
stones that fell in the towne gave so sore strokes that it 
semed lyke thondre failed fro hevyn. 


Howe therle of Derby toke before Auberoch therle 

of Layle and dyvers other erles and vycountes to 

the nombre of ix. 

A LL the mater of taking of this messanger with the 
L\ letter and necessytie of them within Auberoch, 
JL A. was shewed to the erle of Derby by a spye that 
had been in the Frenche hoost. Than therle of Derby sent 
to the erle of Penbroke, beyng at Bergerath, to mete with 
hym at a certayne place ; also he sende for the lorde Staf- 
forde and to sir Stephyn Tombey, beyng at Lyborne ; and 
the erle hymselfe, with sir Gaultier of Manny and his 
companV) rode towardes Auberoche, and rode so secretely 
with suche guydes as knewe the con trey, that therle came 
to Lyborne and there taryed a day, abydinge the erle of 
Penbroke; and whan he sawe that he came nat, he went 
forth for the great desyre that he had to ayde them in 
Auberoch. Thus therle of Derby, therle of Quenforde, sir 
Gaultier of Manny, sir Rychard Hastynges, sir Stephyn 
Tombey, the lorde Feryers and the other yssued out of 
Lyborne, and rode all the night, and in the mornyng they 
wer within two lytell leages of Auberoche. They entred into 
a woode and lyghted fro their horses and tyed their horses 
to pasture, abydinge for the erle of Penbroke, and there 
taryed tyll it was noone : they wyste nat well than what to 
do, bycause they were but thre hundred speres and sixe 
hundred archers, and the Frenchmen before Auberoch were 
a X. or xii. thousande men ; yet they thought it a great 
shame to lese their companyons in Auberoche. Finally sir 
Gaultier of Manny sayde, Sirs, lette us leape on our horses, 


and let us coost under the covert of this woode, tyll we be CAP. CVII 
on the same syde that joyneth to their hoost, and whan we Howe therle 
be nere, put the spurres to the horses, and crye our cryes : of Derby toke 
we shall entre whyle they be at supper and unware of us : before Aube- 
ye shall se them be so dysconfited, that they shall kepe ^f^La*^^'^^® j 
none aray. All the lordes and knightes agreed to his sayeng : dyvers other 
than every man toke his horse, and ordayned all their pages erles and 
and baggage to abyde styll ther as they were ; so they rode vycountes. 
styll along by the wode, and came to a lytell ryver in a vale 
nere to the French host. Than they displayed their baners 
and penons and dasshed their spurres to their horses, and 
came in a fronte into the Frenche hoost among the Gascoyns, 
who were nothyng ware of that busshment : they were goynge 
to supper, and some redy sette at their meate : thenglyssh- • 
men cryed A Derby, a Derby, and overthrewe tentes and 
pavylions, and slewe and hurte many. The Frenchmen wyst 
nat what to do, they were so hasted : when they came into 
the felde and assembled togyder, they founde the Englysshe 
archers ther redy to receyve theym, who shotte so feersly, 
that they slewe man and horse, and hurte many. Therle of 
Layll ^ was taken prisoner in his owne tent, and sore hurte ; ^ l/isle. 
and the erle of Pyergourt ^ and sir Roger his uncle in their ^ Perigord. 
tentes; and ther was slayne the lorde of DuBas [and] sir 
Aymer of Poycters, and therle of Valentenoys his brother 
was taken : every man fledde that myght best ; but therle of 
Conynes,^ the vycount of Carmayne, and of Villemur, and ^ Comminges. 
of Brunquell, and the lorde de la Borde, and of Taryde and 
other that were loged on the other syde of the castell, 
drewe backe and wente into the feldes with their baners. 
Thenglysshmen who had overcome all the other, dasshed in 
feersly among them : ther was many a proper feat of armes 
done, many taken and rescued agayne. Whan they within 
the castell harde that noyse without, and sawe thenglysshe 
baners and penons, incontynent they armed them and yssued 
out, and russhed into the thyckest of the preace : they gretly 
refresshed the Englysshmen that had fought ther before. 
Wherto shulde I make long processe ? All tho of therle of 
Laylles partie were nygh all taken or slayne: yf the night had 
nat come on, ther had but fewe scapedde : ther were taken 
that day, what erles and vycountes to the nombre of ix., 




Howe therle 
of Derby toke 
before Aube- 
roch therle 
of Layle and 
dyvers other 
erles and 


and of lordes, knyghtes, and squyers taken, so that ther 
was no Englysshman of armes but that had ii. or iii. prisoners. 
This batell was on saynt Larans nyght, the yere of our lorde 
M.CCC.xl. and foure; thenglysshmen delt lyke good com- 
panyons with their prisoners, and suiFred many to depart 
on their othe and promyse to retourne agayne at a certayne 
day to Bergerath or to Burdeaux. Than the Englysshmen 
entred into Auberoche, and ther the erle of Derby gave 
a supper to the moost part of the erles and vycountes 
prisoners, and to many of the knyghtes and squyers, 
Thenglysshmen gave laude to God, in that that a thousande 
of them had overcome x. M. of their ennemyes and had 
rescued the towne of Auberoche, and saved their com- 
panyons that were within, who by all lickelyhod shulde 
have ben taken within ii. dayes after. The next day anone 
upon Sonne rysing, thyder came therle of Penbroke, with 
his company, a thre hundred speres and a foure thousande 
archers ; thane he sayd to therle of Derby, Certaynly cosyn, 
ye have done me great uncourtesy, to fight with our 
ennemyes without me, seyng that ye sent for me, ye might 
have ben sure I wolde nat fayle to come. Fayr cosyn, quoth 
therle of Derby, we desyred gretly to have had you with us : 
we taryed all day tyll it was ferr past noone, and whan we 
sawe that ye came nat, we durst nat abyde no lenger ; for if 
our ennemyes had knowen of our commyng, they had ben in 
a great advantage over us, and nowe we have the advauntage 
of them : I pray you be content, and helpe to gyde us to 
Burdeaux. So they taryed all that day and the nexte nyght 
in Auberoche; and the next day betymes they departed, 
and left captayne in Auberoche a knight of Gascoyne, 
called Alysander of Chamont ; thus they rode to Burdeaux, 
and ledde with them the moost part of their prisoners. 




Of the townes that therle of Derby wanne in 
Gascoyne goyng towarde the RyoU. 

THEY of Burdeux wyst nat what joye to make, nor 
how to receyve therle of Derby and sir Ganltier of 
Manny for the takyng of the erle of Laylle, and 
mo than two hundred knyghtes with hym. So thus passed 
that wynter without any more doynge in Gascoyne that 
ought to be remembred. And whan it was past Eester, in 
the yere of our Lorde M.CCC.xlv. in the myddes of May, 
therle of Derby, who had layne all that wynter at Burdeaux, 
made a great assemble of men of armes and archers to the 
entent to go and lay siege to the RyoU ; the first day, fro 
Burdeux, he rode to Bergerath, wher he founde therle of 
Penbroke, who had in likewyse made his assembly. Ther 
they taryed thre dayes, and than departed and nombred 
their company, and founde howe they were M. men of 
armes, and two M. archers : than they rode so longe, tyll 
they came to saynt Basyll and layd siege therto : they 
within consydred howe the greattest men, and moost part 
of Gasco)nie, were prisoners, and sawe howe they shulde 
have no socoure fro no parte : so all th3mges consydred they 
yelded themselfe, and dyd homage to the kyng of England. 
Than therle passed forth e and toke they way to Aguyllone ; 
and in his way, he founde the castell of Rochemyllone the 
whiche was well furnysshed with soudyers and artyllary; 
howbeit, therle of Derby commaunded to gyve assaut, and 
so ther was a ferse assaut. They within cast out great barres 
of yron and pottes with lyme, wherwith they hurt dyvers 
Englysshmen, suche as adventured themselfe to farr ; whan 
therle sawe his men hurt and coude do nothyng, he with- 
drue the assaut. The next day he made the vyllayns of the 
countrey to bring thyder fagottes, busshes, donge, strawe, 
and erth, and fylled part of the dykes, so that they might 
go to the walles ; and so they made CCC. archers redy, and 
CC. men of the countrey to go before them with pavysshes, 
and havyng great pycaxes of yron, and whyle they dyd 
II 249 


CAP. CVIII undermyne the wall, the archers shuld shote : and so they 
Of thetownes dyde, that none within durste apere at their defence. This 
that therle of assaut endured the moste part of the day, so that finally, 
Derby wanne ^^^ myners made a great hole through the wall, so that ten 
■ men myght entre a front : thanne they within were sore 
abasshed, some fledde into the church, and somme stale 
away by a prive gate. So this towne and castell was taken, 
robbed, and the moost parte slayne, except suche as were 
fledde into the church, the which therle of Derby caused 
to be saved, for they yelded theraself simply. Than therle 
sette there newe captayns, two Englysshe squyers, Rycharde 
i TTeKes. Wylle,^ and Robert Lescot:'^ than therle went to Mount- 

^Soot. segure, and layd siege therto and taryed ther a fyftene 

dayes ; captayne within was sir Hewe Bastefoll. And every 
day there was assaut, and great engyns were brought thyder 
fro Burdeaux, and fro Bergerath, so that the stones that 
they cast brake downe walles, rofFes, and houses. Therle of 
Derby sende to them of the towne, shewyng them that if 
they were taken by force, they shulde all dye ; and if they 
wolde come under they obeysance of the kynge of Englande, 
he wolde pardon them all and take them for his frendes. 
They of the towne wolde gladly have yelded theym, and 
went and spake with their captayne in maner of counsayle, 
to se what he wolde say : and he answered theym, and sayd, 
Sirs, kepe your defence, we ar able to kepe this towne this 
halfe yere, if nede be. They departed fro hym in semyng 
well content, but at nyght they toke and putte hym in 
prison, sayeng, howe he shuld never go out therof, without 
so be he wold agre to make their peace with therle of 
Derby ; and whan that he had sworne that he wolde do his 
devoyre, they let hym out of prison, and so he went to the 
barryers of the towne, and made token to speke with the 
erle of Derby ; sir Gaultier of Manny was ther present, and 
he went and spake with him. The knight sayd. Sir Gaultier 
of Manny, ye ought natte to have marveyle, though we 
close our gates agaynst you, for we have sworne fealtie to 
the Frenche kyng, and I se well that ther is no persone in 
his behalfe, that wyll stoppe you of your way, but methynke 
ye are lyke to go farther ; but sir, for myselfe, and for the 
menne of the towne, I desyre you that we may abyde in 


composicyon, that ye make us no warr, nor we to you the CAP. CVIII 

space of a moneth ; and duryng that terme, if the Frenche Of the townes 

kyng or the duke of Normandy, come into this contrey so that therle of 

strong as to fyght with you, than we to be quyte of our P^^V wanne 

covenaunt ; and if they come nat, or one of them, than we "^ "*^<^o)^6. 

shall put us under ye obeysance of the kyng of England. 

Sir Gaultier of Manny went to therle of Derby, to knowe 

his pleasure in that behalfe; therle was content, so that 

they within shuld make no fortifycation in that season ; and 

also, that if any of thenglysshmen ther lacked any vitayls, 

that they might have it of them for their money ; to this 

they were content, and sent xii. burgesses of the towne to 

Burdeaux in hostage: than thenglysshmen were refresshed 

with provisyon of the towne, but none of them entred. 

Than they passed forth and wasted and exyled the contrey, 

the which was plesant and frutefull, and came to a castell 

called Aguyllon ; and the captayne therof came to therle 

and yelded up the castell, their ly ves and goodes saved ; 

wherof they of the contrey had gret marveyle, for it was 

named one of the strongest castels of the worlde; and 

whan the captayne that had yelded up the castell so soone 

came to Tholouz, the which was xvii. leages thense, they 

of that towne toke hym, and layd treason to his charge, 

and hanged hym up. The sayd castell stode bytwene two 

great ry vers able to bere shyppes ; the erle of Derby newe 

repeyred the castell and made captayne ther sir John 

of Gombray : ^ thane the erle went to another castell called ^ John de 

Segart, the whiche he toke by assaut, and all the soudyours ontgomery. 

within slayne ; and fro thense he went to the towne of le 



Howe therle of Derby layd siege to the Ryoll, 
and howe that the towne was yelded to hym. 

THUS the erle of Derby came before the Ryoll, and 
layed siege therto on all sydes, and made bastydes 
in the feldes and on the wayes, so that no provisyon 
coulde entre into the towne, and nyghe every day ther was 
assaut; the siege endured a longe space. And whan the 



CAP. CIX moneth was expyred that they of Segur^ shulde gyve up 
Howetherle their towne, the erle sent thyder, and they of the towne 
of Derby layd gave up and became under the obeysaunce of the kynge 
Rvoll*^ °^ Englande ; the captayne, sir Hewe Bastefoll, became 

servant to the erle, with other that were within, upon 
^Monu4gwr. ggrtayne wages that they hadde. Thenglysshmen that had 
lyen longe before the Ryoll, more than nyne wekes, had 
made in the meane space, two belfroys of great tymbre, 
with iii. stages, every belfroy on four great whelys, and the 
sydes towardes the towne were covered with cure boly to 
defende them fro fyre and fro shotte ; and into every stage, 
ther were poynted C. archers. By strength of men these 
two belfroyes were brought to the walles of the towne, for 
they had so fylled the dykes that they myght well be 
brought just to the walles; the archers in these stages 
shotte so holly togyder, that none durst apere at their 
defence, without they were well pavysshed; and bytwene 
these two belfroys, there were a CC. men with pycaxes, to 
myne the walles, and so they brake through the walles. 
Thane the burgesses of the towne came to one of the gates, 
to speke with some lorde of the boost; whan the erle of 
Derby knewe therof, he sent to them sir Gaultier of Manny 
and the baron of StafForde ; and whan they came ther, they 
founde that they of the towne wolde yelde them, their ly ves 
and goodes saved. [When] sir Agous de Baus, who was cap- 
tayne within, knewe that the people of the towne wolde yelde 
up, he went into the castell with his company of soudyers, and 
whyle they of the towne were entretyng, he conveyed out of 
the towne, gret quantyte of wyne and other provisyon, and 
than closed the castell gates, and sayd, howe he wolde nat 
yelde up so sone. The foresayd two lordes retourned to 
therle of Derby, shewyng hym howe they of the towne 
wolde yelde themself and the towne, their lyves and goodes 
saved. Thane therle sende to knowe howe the captayne 
wolde do with the castell, and it was brought worde agayne 
to hym, howe he wolde nat yelde. Than therle studyed a 
lytell, and sayde Well, go take them of the towne to mercy, 
for by the towne we shall have the castell. Thane these 
lordes went agayne to them of the towne and receyved them 
to mercy, so that they shulde go out into the felde, and 


delyver therle of Derby the kayes of the towne, sayenge, Sir, CAP. CIX 

fro hensforth we knowlege ourselfe subgettes, and obeysaunt Howe therle 

to the king of Englande ; and so they dyd, and sware that «/ Derby layd 

they shulde gyve no comforte to them of the castell, but to ^®^?/° *^® 

greve them to the best of their powers : than therle com- ^° * 

maunded that no man shulde do any hurt to the towne of 

RyoU nor to none of them within. Than therle entred 

into the towne and layd siege rounde about the castell, as 

nere as he might, and rered up all his engyns, the which 

caste nyght and day agajoist the walles, but they dyde lytell 

hurt, the walles were so stronge of harde stone ; it was sayd 

that of olde tyme it had ben wrought by the handes of the 

Sarasyns, who made ther warkes so strongely, that ther is 

none such nowe a dayes. Whan the erle sawe that he 

coulde do no good with his engyns, he caused theym to 

cease : than he called to hym his myners, to thyntent that 

they shuld make a myne under all the walles, the whiche 

was nat sone made. 


Howe sir Water of Manny founde in the towne of 
the Ryoll the sepulcre of his father. 

WHYLE this siege endured and that the myners 
were aworke, the lorde Gaultier of Manny re- 
membred how that his fader was slayne goynge a 
pylgrimage to saint James, and howe he harde in his youth 
howe he shulde be buryed in the Ryoll or there about. 
Thane he made it to be enquered in the towne, yf there 
were any manne coude shewe hym his fathers tombe, he 
shulde have a hundred crownes for his labour : and there 
was an aged man came to sir Gaultier, and sayd, Sir, I 
thynke I canne brynge you nere to the place wher your 
father was buryed; thanne the lorde of Manne sayde, If 
your wordes be trewe, I shall kepe covenaunt, and more. 

Nowe ye shall here the maner howe the lorde Gaultiers 
father was slayne. It was trewe, that somtyme there was a 
bysshoppe in Cambresis, a Gascoyne borne of the house of 
Myrpoyse : ^ and so it fortuned that in his dayes, ther was at ^ Mirepoix. 
a tyme a great tournayeng before Cambrey, wher as there 



CAP. CX were v. C. knyghtes on both parties. And ther was a knyght 
Howe sir Gascoyne tourneyed with the lorde of Manny, father to sir 
Water of Gaultier, and this knyght of Gascoyne was so sore hurt and 
S'^sTulcre ^ beaten, that he had never helth after, but dyed : this knyght 
of hf^father. ^^ °^ kynne to the sayde bysshoppe ; wherfore the lorde of 
Manny was in his indygnacion, and of all his lynage. A two 
or thre yere after certayne good men laboured to make 
peace bytwene them, and so they dyd : and for amendes 
the lorde of Manny was bounde to go a pylgrimage to saynt 
James. And so he went thyder warde : and as he came foreby 
the towne of Ryoll, the same season therle Charles of 
Valoyes, brother to kynge Philyppe, lay at siege before the 
Ryoll, the whiche as than was Englysshe, and dyvers other 
townes and cyties, than pertayning to the kynge of Eng- 
lande, father to the kynge that layed siege to Tourney : 
so that the lorde of Manny, after the retoumyng of his 
pylgrimage, he came to se therle of Valoys, who was ther 
as kyng. And as the lorde of Manny went at night to his 
lodgyng, he was watched by the way, by certayne of them 
of the lynage of hym that the lorde of Manny had made his 
pylgrimage for ; and so without therles lodgyng he was 
slayne and murdred, and no man knewe who dyd it; 
howebeit, they of that lynage were helde suspect in the 
mater, but they were so stronge and made such excuses, 
that the mater past, for ther was none that wold pursue the 
lorde of Mannes quarell. Than therle of Valoyes caused 
hym to be buryed in a lytell chapell in the felde, the which 
as than was without the towne of Ryoll : and whan therle 
of Valoyes had wonne the towne, than the walles were made 
more larger, so that the chapell was within the towne. 

Thus was sir Gaultier of Mannes fader slayne, and this 
olde man remembred all this mater, for he was present whan 
he was buryed. Thane sir Gaultier of Manny went with 
this gode aged man, to the place wher as his father was 
buryed, and ther they founde a lytell tombe of marble over 
hym, the which his servauntes layd on hym after he was 
buryed. Thane the olde man sayde. Sir, surely under this 
tombe lyeth your father ; than the lorde of Manny redde the 
scripture on the tombe, the whiche was in latyn, and ther 
he founde that the olde man had sayd trouth, and gave hym 


his rewarde. And within two dayes after he made the CAP. CX 
tombe to be raysed, and the bones of his father to be taken How sir 
up and put in a cofer, and after dyd sende them to Valen- Water of 
cennes in the county of Heynalt, and in the freres ther, Mannyfounde 
made theym to be buryed agayne honourably, and dyde * £ j^jg ^^^^'^^ 
there his obsequy ryght goodly, the which is yet kept yerely. 


Howe the erle of Derby wanne the castell 

NOWE let us retourne to the siege about the castell 
of the Ryoll, the which had endured xi. wekes : so 
long wrought the mynours, that at last they came 
under the base court, but under the dongeon they coude nat 
gette, for it stode on a harde rocke. Than sir Agous des 
Baus their capten, sayd to his company, Sirs, we be under- 
myned, so that we ar in great daunger. Than they were all 
sore afrayed, and sayd. Sir, ye ar in a great danger, and we 
also, without ye fynde some remedy ; ye ar our chefe, and 
we wyll obey you truely. We have kept this house right 
honourably a longe season, and though we nowe make a 
composycion, we can nat be blamed : assay if ye canne get 
graunt of therle of Derby to let us depart, our lyves and 
goodes saved, and we to delyver to hym this castell. Than 
sir Agous dyscendedde downe fro the hygh towre, and dyd 
put out his heed at a lytell wyndo, and make a token to 
speke with some of the host ; than he was demaunded what 
he wolde have • he sayd he wolde fayne speke with therle 
of Derby, or with the lorde of Manny. Whan therle knewe 
therof, he sayd to the lorde of Manny and the lorde 
StafForde, Lette us go to the fortresse, and knowe what the 
capten woll say. Than they rode togyder, and whan sir 
Agous sawe theym, he toke of his cappe and saluted them 
eche after other, and sayde, Lordes, it is of trouth that the 
Frenche kyng sende me to this towne, to defende and to 
kepe it, and the castell, to my power ; and ye knowe right 
well howe I have aquyt myselfe in that behalfe, and yet 
wolde if I might, but alwayes a man may nat abyde in one 



CAP. CXI place : sir, yf it woU please you, I and all my company wolde 
Howe the depart, our lyves and goodes saved, and we shall yelde unto 
erle of Derby you the fortresse. Than therle of Derby sayde, Sir Agous, 
wanne the yg shall nat go so away ; we knowe ryght well we have so 
Ryoll. ^^^^ oppressed you, that we may have you whan we lyst, for 

your fortresse standeth but upon stayes : yelde you simply, 
and we wyll recyve you. Sir Agous sayde. Sir, If we dyde 
so, I thynke in you so moch honour and gentylnes, that ye 
wold deale but courtesly with us, as ye wold the Frenche 
kynge shulde deale with any of your knyghtes ; for Goddes- 
sake sir, blemyssh nat your noblenesse for a poore sort of 
soudyours that be here within, who hath won with moche 
payne and paryll their poore lyveng, whome I have brought 
hyther out of the provynce of Savoy, and out of Daulphyne; 
sir, knowe for trouthe, that yf the lest of us shulde nat 
come to mercy, as well as the best, we woll rather sell our 
lyves, in suche wyse that all the worlde shulde speke of us : 
sir, we desyre you to here us some company of armes, and 
we shall pray for you. Than therle and the other two 
lordes went aparte and spake togyder. They spake long 
togyder of dyvers thynges; finally, they regarded the 
trouthe of sir Agous, and consydred howe he was a stranger, 
and also they sawe that they coude nat undermyne the 
dongeon, they agreed to receyve them to mercy. Than 
the erle sayde to sir Agous, Sir, we wolde gladly to all 
straungers bere good company of armes ; I am content that 
ye and all your company depart with your lyves saved, so that 
you here away nothynge but your armoure. So be it, quod sir 
Agous. Than he went to his company, and shewed them 
how he had spedde. Than they dyd on their harnesse 
and toke their horses, wherof they hadde no mo but sixe ; 
some bought horses of thenglysshmen, the whiche they 
payed for truely. Thus sir Agous de Baus departed fro the 
Ryoll, and yelded up the castell to the Englysshemen, and sir 
Agous and his company wente to Tholous. 




How therle of Derby toke the towne of Mauleon, 

and after the towne of Franch^ in Gascoyne. ^ vuufrcmche. 

WHAN the erie of Derby had taken his pleasure at 
Ryoll, than he went forth and left an Englyssh 
knyght at Ryoll, to repayre and amende that was 
broken ; and he rode to Mountpesance,^ and made assaut ^ Montpezat. 
there : and within there were but men of the countrey that 
were gone thyder with their goodes, in trust of the strength 
of the place ; and so they defended theymselfe as longe as 
they might ; but finally, the castell was wone with assaut, 
and by scalynge. But there were many of thenglysshe archers 
slayne, and an Englysshe gentylman slayne called Rycharde 
Pennevort, he bare the lorde Staffordes baner. Therle of 
Derby gave the same castell to a squyer of his, called 
Thomas of Lancastre and left with hym in garyson xx. 
archers : than therle went to the towne of Mauleon/ and ^ Castelmoron. 
made assaut, but he wanne it nat so ; at nyght there about 
they lodged. The nexte day a knyght of Gascone, called sir 
Alysander of Chamont, sayd to therle, Sir, make as though 
ye wolde dyslodge and go to some other part and leve a 
small sort of your people styll before the towne, and they 
within woll yssue out, I knowe theym so well, and let them 
chase your men that be behynde, and let us lye under the 
olyves in a busshement, and whan they be past us, lette part 
of us folowe them, and some retourne towardes the towne. 
Therle of Derby was content with that counsayle, and he 
caused to abyde behynde the erle of Quenforde,^ with a * Oxford. 
hundred with hym all onely, well enformed what they shulde 
do : than all the other trussed bagge and baggage and 
departed, and went halfe a leage, and ther layd sir Gaultier 
of Manny with a great busshment, in a vale amonge olyves 
and vynes, and therle rode on forth. Whan they of Mauleon 
sawe the erle departe and some styll abydinge behynde, 
they sayde among themselfe, Let us go yssue out, and go 
and fyght with our ennemyes, that ar abydinge behynde 
their maister : we shall soone dysconfet them, the whiche 
KK 267 



CAP. CXII shall be a great honoure and profette to us ; they all agreed 
How therle to that opynion, and armed them quickely and yssued out 
of Derby toke who myght first; they were a foure hundred. Whan therle 
the towne of q£ Quenfort and his company sawe them yssue, they reculed 
backe, and the Frenchemen folowed after in gret hast, and so 
ferr they pursued them that they past the busshment. Than sir 
Gaul tier of Mannyes company yssued out of their busshment, 
and cryed Manny, and part of them dasshed in after the 
Frenchmen, and another part toke the way streyght to the 
towne : they founde the baylles and gates opyn and it was 
nyght; wherfore they within wende it had ben their owne com- 
pany, that yssued out before. Than thenglysshmen toke the 
gate and the brige and incontynent were lordes of the towne, 
for suche of the towne as were yssued out, were inclosed bothe 
before and behynde, so that they were all taken and slayne ; 
and suche as were in the towne dyde yelde them to therle 
of Derby, who receyved them to mercy, and of his gentylnes 
respyted the towne fro brennyng and robbynge, and dyde 
gyve that hole seignorie to sir Alysaunder of Chamount, by 
whose advyce the towne was won ; and sir Alysaunder made 
a brother of his captayne ther, called Antony of Chamont ; 
and therle left with hym certayne archers and other with 
1 VUlefraneJie. pavysshes. Than therle departed and came to Wyelfranche ^ 
in Angenoys, the which was won by assaut and the castell 
also ; and he lefte there for captayne a squyer of his, called 
Thomas Coq.^ Thus therle rode all about the contrey and 
no man resysted hym, and conquered townes and castelles, 
and his men wanne ryches mervayle to esteme. 



Howe therle of Derby wanne the cytie of 

WHAN the erle of Derby had this towne at his 
pleasure thane he rode to Myremont, drawyng 
towardes Burdeux, for all this journey his 
currours never aproched to port saynt Mary. Therle was 
thre dayes before Myremont, and on the fourth day they 
y elded : therle gave it to a squier of his, called John 


Bristowe : and after, his men wan a lytell towne closed, CAP. CXIII 

standyng on the ryver of Gerone, called Thomynes;^ and Howe therle 

after, the stronge castell of Damassene,^ the whiche they of Derby 

well garnysshed with men of armes and archers. Than ^^^^^^^^ 

they came before the cytie of Angolesme and layd siege ^ngolesme. 

therto, and therle sayde, he wolde nat depart thense tyll 

he had it at his pleasure. Thane they within made apoynt- ^<^'^^"»- 

ment with the erle, to sende xxiiii. of their chiefe burgesses ^°^'^^°^- 

to Burdeux, in hostage for the respyte of a peace for a 

moneth ; and if within that space the Frenche kynge do 

sende a suffycient persone to kepe the felde agaynst therle 

of Derby, than they to have agayne their hostages, and to 

be quyte of their bonde; and yf nat, than they to put 

theym under the obeysaunce of the kynge of Englande. 

This done, thane the erle rode to Blames,^ and layed siege ^ Blaye. 

therto : within were two captayns of Poyctou, sir Guysshart 

Dangle, and sir Wyllyam de Rochchouart, and they sayde, 

they wolde yelde to no manne. And whyle this siege 

endured, some of the Englysshemen rode to Mortayne in 

Poyctou, where as sir Boucyquaut was captayne, and made 

there a great assaut, but it avayled nat, but dyvers of them 

were hurt and slayne : and so departed thens, and went to 

Myrebell, and to Alney ; and after came agayne to the 

siege of Blames : every day there was some feate of armes 

done. The terme of the moneth expyred that they of 

Angolesme shulde yelde, the erle of Derby sent thyder his 

two marshals, to whome they of the cytie sware homage and 

fealtie, in the behalfe of the kyng of Englande: and so 

they were in peace, and had agayne restored their hostages : 

and the erle sent thyder, at their desyers, John of Norwyche, 

to be their captayne. Styll the siege endured before Blasmes, 

so that thenglysshmen were halfe wery, for wynter approched 

and there they coulde wynne nothynge: than they deter- 

myned to go to Bourdeaux tyll another season ; and so they 

dyslodged and went over Gerande, and so to Burdeaux, 

and than departed his people into dyvers garysons, to kepe 

fronter warre. 





Howe sir Godfray Harecourt was banysshed 
out of Fraunce. 

"N this season sir Godfray of Harecourt fell in the in- 
dygnation of the Frenche kynge, who was a great baron 
in Normandy and brother to therle of Harecourt, 
lorde of saynt Savyour the vycount and dyvers other townes 
in Normandy ; and it was sayde all was but for envy, for 
a lytell before he was as great with the kyng and with the 
duke of Normandy, as he wolde desyre, but he was as than 
openly banysshed the realm of Fraunce ; and yf the kynge 
coulde have gette hym in his yre, he wolde have served hym, 
as he dyd sir Oly ver of Clyssone, who was beheeded the yere 
before at Parys. This sir Godfray had some frendes, who 
gave hym warnyng secretly howe the kyng was dyspleased 
with hym ; than he avoyded the realme assone as he myght, 
and went into Brabant to the duke there, who was his 
cosyn, who receyved him joyfully. And ther he taryed a 
longe space and lyved of suche revenewes as he had in 
Brabant, for out of Fraunce he coude gette nothynge : the 
1 Cotentin. kyng had seaced all his landes there of Constantyne,^ and 
tooke the profet therof hymselfe : the duke of Brabant 
coude in no wyse gette agayne this knyght into the kynges 
favoure, for nothynge that he coude do. This dyspleasure 
cost greatly the realme of Fraunce after, and specially the 
contrey of Normandy, for the tokens therof remayned a 
hundred yere after, as ye shall here in this hystorie. 


Of the dethe of Jaques Dartvell of Gaunt. 

IN this season raygned in Flaunders in great prosperyte 
and puysaunce, Jaques Dartvell of Gaunt, who was as 
great with the kyng of Englande as he wolde desyre : 
and he had promysed the kyng to make hym lorde and 
herytour of Flaunders, and to endewe his sonne the prince 


of Wales therwith, and to make the countie of Flaunders CAP. CXV 
a dukedome. For the which cause, about the feest of saynt Of the dethe 
John Babtyst the yere of our Lorde God M.CCC.xlvi. the of Jaques 
kynge of Englande was come to Sluse with many lordes and ^^^'^'^^l of 
knyghtes, and had brought thyder with hym the yonge ^^^ ' 
prince his sonne, on the trust of the promyse of Jaques 
Dartvell. The kyng with all his navy lay in the havyn of 
Sluse, and there he kept his house, and thyder came to 
vysette hym his frendes of Flaunders. Ther were great 
counsaylles bytwene the kyng and Jaques Dartvell on 
the one partie, and the counsayls of the good townes of 
Flaunders on the other partie ; so that they of the countrey 
were nat of the agrement with the kyng, nor with Jaques 
Dartvell, who preched to theym that they shulde disheryte 
the erle Loyes their owne naturall lorde, and also his yong 
Sonne Loyes, and to enheryte the sonne of the kynge of 
Englande, the which thynge they sayd suerly they wolde 
never agre unto. And so the laste day of their counsayll, 
the whiche was kept in the havyn of Sluse, in the kynges 
great shyppe, called the Katheryne, there they gave a fynall 
answere by common acorde, and sayde. Sir, ye have desyred 
us to a thynge that is great and weyghtie, the which her- 
after may sore touche the countrey of Flaunders, and our 
heyres : trewely we knowe nat at this day no persone in the 
worlde, that we love the preferment of so moche as we do 
yours; but sir, this thynge we can nat do alone, without 
that all the commynaltie of Flaunders acorde to the same ; 
sir, we shall goo home, and every man speke with his com- 
pany generally in every towne, and as the moost parte agre, 
we shal be content ; and within a moneth we shall be here 
with you agayne, and thane gyve you a full answere, so that 
ye shal be content. The kyng nor Jaques Dartvell coude 
as than have none other answere ; they wolde fayne have 
had a short day, but it wolde nat be. So thus departed 
that counsayle, and every man went home to their owne 
townes. Jaques Dartvell taryed a lytell season with the 
kyng, and styll he promysed the kyng to bring them to his 
entent : but he was disceyved, for assone as he came to 
Gaunt, he went no more out agayne, for suche of Gaunt as 
had ben at Sluse at the counsayle there, whan they were 




Dartvell of 

CAP. CXV retoumed to Gaunt, or Jaques Dartvell was come into the 
Of the dethe towne, great and small they assembled in the market place : 
of Jaques ^nd ther it was openly shewed what request the kynge of 
Englande had made to them, by the settyng on of Jaques 
Dartvell. Than every man began to murmure agaynst 
Jaques, for that request pleased them nothynge, and sayde 
that by the grace of God there shulde no suche untrouthe 
be founde in them, as willingly to disheryte their naturall 
lorde and his yssue, to enheryte a stranger ; and so they all 
departed fro the market place, nat content with Jaques 

Nowe beholde and se what fortune fell : if he had ben as 
welcome to Gaunt as he was to Bruges and Ipre, they 
wolde agreed to his opinyon as they dyde, but he trusted so 
moche in his prosperyte and greatnesse, that he thought 
soone to reduce them to his pleasure. Whan he retourned, 
he came into Gaunt, about noone ; they of the towne 
knewe of his commyng, and many were assembled toguyder 
in the strete where as he shulde passe, and whane they sawe 
hym, they began to murmure, and began to ron togyder 
thre heedes in one hood and sayde, Beholde yonder great 
maister, who woll order all Flaunders after his pleasure, the 
whiche is nat to be suffred. Also their were wordes sowen 
through all the towne, howe Jaques Dartvell had ix. yere 
assembled all the revenewes of Flaunders, without any count 
gyven, and therby hath kept his estate ; and also send great 
rychesse out of the countrey into Englande secretly. These 
wordes set them of Gaunt on fyre ; and as he rode through 
the strete, he parcejrved that ther was some newe mater 
agaynst hjnn, for he sawe suche as were wonte to make 
reverence to hym as he came by, he sawe theym tourne 
their backes towarde hym and entre into their houses. Than 
he began to doute; and assone as he was alyghted in his 
lodgyng, he closed fast his gates, doores and wyndose : this 
was skante done, but all the strete was full of men, and 
specially of them of the small craftes : ther they assayled 
his house bothe behynde and before, and the house broken 
up ; he and his within the house defended themselfe a longe 
space, and slewe and hurt many without ; but finally he 
coude nat endure, for thre partes of the men of the towne 


were at that assaut. Whan Jaques sawe that he was so sore CAP. CXV 
oppressed, he came to a wyndowe with gret humylite bare Of the dethe 
heeded, and sayd with fayre langage, Good people what of Jaques 
ayleth you, why be you so sore troubled agaynst me : in ^artvell of 
what maner have I dyspleased you, shewe me, and I shall *^"*' 
make you amendes at your pleasures. Than suche as harde 
hym answered all with one voyce. We woU have acompt 
made of the great tresure of Flaunders, that ye have sende 
out of the way, without any tytell of reason. Than Jaques 
answered mekely and sayde, Certaynely sirs, of the tresoure 
of Flaunders I never toke nothynge ; withdrawe yourselfys 
paciently into your houses and come agayne to morowe in 
the mornynge, and I shall make you so good accompt, that 
of reason ye shal be content. Thane all they answered and 
sayd. Nay, we woll have acompt made incontynent ; ye shall 
nat scape us so, we knowe for trouthe, that ye have sende 
great rychesse into Englande, without our knowledge ; 
wherfore ye shall dye. Whane he harde that worde, he 
joyned his handes togyder, and sore wepyng sayd. Sirs, 
suche as I am ye have made me, and ye have sworne to me 
or this to defende me agaynst all persons, and nowe ye wolde 
slee me without reason. Ye may do it and ye woll, for I am 
but one man among you all ; for Goddessake take better 
advyce, and remembre the tyme past, and consyder the 
great graces and curtesyes that I have done to you, ye wold 
nowe rendre to me a small rewarde for the great goodnesse 
that I have done to you, and to your towne in tyme past. 
Ye knowe ryght well marchauntdyse was nighe lost in all 
this countrey, and by my meanes it is recovered ; also I 
have governed you in great peace and rest, for in the tyme 
of my governyng, ye have had all thynges as ye wolde wysshe, 
corne, rychesse, and all other marchaundyse. Than they 
all cryed with one voyce, Come downe to us, and prech nat 
so hyghe, and gyve us acompt of the great treasoure of 
Flaunders, that ye have governed so long without any 
acompt makynge, the whiche parteyneth nat to an offycer 
to do, as to receyve the goodes of his lorde or of a contrey 
without acompt. Whan Jaques sawe that he coude nat 
apease theym, he drewe in his heed, and closed his wyndowe, 
and so thought to steale oute on the backesyde into a 




of Jaques 
Dartvell of 

1 Not Antvxrp 
here, but 

2 The Franc of 


churche that joyned to his house, but his house was so 
broken that iiii. hundred persons were entred into his 
house ; and finally there he was taken and slayne without 
mercy, and one Thomas Denyce gave hym his dethe stroke. 
Thus Jaques Dartvell endedde his dayes, who had ben a 
great maister in Flanders : poore men first mounteth up, 
and unhappy men sleeth them at the ende. These tidynges 
anone spredde abrode the countrey : some were sorie therof 
and some were gladde. 

In this season therle Loyes of Flaunders was at Tere- 
mounde, and he was ryght joyouse whan he harde of the 
dethe of Jaques Dartvell, his olde ennemy ; howbeit yet he 
durst nat trust them of Flaunders, nor go to Gaunt. Whan 
the kyng of Englande, who lay all this season at Sluse, 
abyding the answere of the Flemmynges, harde howe they of 
Gaunt had slayne Jaques Dartvell his great frende, he was 
sore dyspleased : incontynent he departed fro Sluse, and 
entred into the see, sore thretnyng the Flemmynges and the 
countrey of Flaunders, and sayd howe his dethe shulde be 
well revenged. Than the counsayls of the gode townes of 
Flaunders ymagined well howe the kyng of England wolde 
be soore dyspleased with this dede ; than they determyned 
to go and excuse themselfe, specially they of Bruges, Ipre, 
Courtra, Andewarpe,^ and of Francke.^ They sent into 
Englande to the kyng for a salve conduct, that they might 
come to their excuse ; the kynge, who was as than somwhat 
aswaged of his dyspleasure, graunted their desyre ; than 
there came into Englande, men of estate out of the gode 
townes of Flanders, except of Gaunt ; this was aboute the 
feest of saynt Mychaell, and the king beyng at Westmynster 
besyde London. There they so mekely excused them of the 
dethe of Jaques Dartvell, and sware solemly that they 
knewe nothynge therof tyll it was done ; if they had, he was 
the man they wolde have defended to the best of their 
powers, and sayde howe they were right sorie of his dethe, 
for he had governed the contrey right wysely ; and also 
they sayde that though they of Gaunt hadde done that 
dede, they shulde make a sufficyent amendes ; also sayenge 
to the kyng and his counsell, that though he be deed, yet 
the kynge was never the farther of fro the love and favoure 



of them of Flaunders in all thynges except the inherytaunce CAP. CXV 
of Flaunders, the which in no wyse they of Flaunders woU Of the dethe 
put away fro the ryght heyres : sayeng also to the kyng, Sir, of Jaques 
ye have fayre yssue, bothe sonnes and doughters : as for the D^^^tvell of 
prince of Wales your eldest sonne, he canne nat fayle but * 
to be a great prince, without the inherytaunce of Flaunders: 
sir, ye have a yonge doughter, and we have a yonge lorde, 
who is herytoure of Flaunders ; we have hym in oure 
kepynge, may it please you to make a maryage bytwene 
them two, so ever after the county of Flaunders shall be 
in the yssue of your chylde. These wordes and suche 
other apeased the kyng : and finally was content with the 
Flemmynges and they with hym ; and soo lytell and lytell 
the dethe of Jaques Dartvell was forgoten. 


Of the dethe of Wyllyam erle of Heynault, who 
dyed in Freese and many with hym. 

IN the same season the erle Wyllyam of Heynalt, beynge 
at siege before the towne of Dautryche,^ and there ^ Utrecht. 
hadde lyen a long season, he constrayned theym so 
soore, what by assautes and otherwyse, that finally he hadde 
his pleasure of them. And anone after in the same season, 
about the feest of saynt Remy, the same erle made a great 
assemble of men of armes, knyghtes and squyers, of Hey- 
nault, Flaunders, Brabant, Holland e, Guerles, and Jullyers ; 
the erle and his company departed fro Dordreche in Hollande, 
with a great navy of shyppes, and so sayled towardes Freese, 
for the erle of Heynault claymed to be lorde there ; and yf 
the Fresons had been men to have brought to reason, therle 
indede hadde there great ryght, but there he was slayne, 
and a great nombre of knyghtes and squyers with hym. 
Sir John of Heynault aryveS nat there with his nephue, for 
he aryved at another place; and whan he harde of the 
deth of his nephue, lyke a manne out of his mynde he wolde 
have fought with the Fresons, but his servantes, and specially 
sir Robert of Glenes, who as thanne was his squyer, dyd 
putte hym into his shyppe agayne aga3aist his wyll ; and 

LL m5 



Of the dethe 
of Wyllyam 
erle of 
who dyed in 

^ Gertruyden- 

2 Binch near 

3 mother. 

* Germany. 


SO he retourned agayne with a small company, and came to 
mount saynt Gertrude ^ in Hollande, wher the lady his nece 
was, wyfe to the sayd erle, named Jahane, eldest doughter 
to the duke of Brabant ; and than she went to the lande of 
Buyche,^ the which was her endowrie. Thus the countie 
of Heynalt was voyde a certayne space ; and sir John of 
Heynalt dyd governe it unto the tyme that Margaret of 
Heynault, doughter ' to therle Aubert, came thyder and toke 
possessyon of that herytage, and all lordes and other dyde 
to her feaultie and homage. This lady Margaret was maryed 
to the lorde Loyes of Bavyer, emperour of Almayne * and 
kynge of Romayns. 

' Fagnolle. 


Howe sir John of Heynalt became Frenche. 

A NONE after, the French kyng entreated and caused 
A\ the erle of Bloys to entreat this lorde John of Hey- 
X ^ nalt to become Frenche, promysing to gyve hym 
more revenues in Fraunce, than he had in Englande, to be 
assigned wher he wolde hymselfe devyce : to this request he 
dyd nat lightly agre, for he had spent all the floure of his 
youth in the servyce of the kyng of Englande, and was ever 
wel beloved with the kyng. Whan therle Loyes of Bloyes, 
who had maryed his doughter and had by her thre sonnes, 
Loyes, John, and Guy, sawe that he coude nat wynne hym 
by that meanes, he thought he wold assay another way, as 
to wyn the lorde of Saguynels,^ who was chefe companyon 
and grettest of counsell with the lorde John of Heynault ; 
and so they bytwene them devysed to make hym byleve 
that they of Englande wolde nat pay hym his pencyon ; 
wherwith sir John of Heynault was sore dyspleased, so that 
he renounced his servyce and good wyll that he bare to 
the kynge of Englande. And whan the Frenche kyng knowe 
therof, incontynent he sent sufficyent messangers to hym, 
and so retayned hym of his counsayle with certayne wages, 
and recompensed hym in Fraunce with as moche or more 
than he had in Englande. 




Of the great boost that the duke of Normandy 
brought into Gascone agaynst therle of Derby. 

THE Frenche kyng was well infourmed of the con- 
questes that the erle of Derby had made in the 
countrey of Gascone ; thanne he made a great 
sommons, that all noble and nat noble able for the feate of 
warre, shulde be at Orlyaunce and at Bourges and there 
about, at a certayne day lymytted. By reason of this com- 
maundement came to Parys duke Odes of Burgoyne, his 
Sonne, and therle of Arthoys, and of Colayne,^ they came to i Boulogne. 
the kynge with a thousande speares. Thane came the duke 
of Burbone, and therle of Ponthyeu his brother, with a great 
nombre of men of armes ; thyder also came the erle of Ewe 
and of Guynes constable of Fraunce with a great company, 
also therle of Tankervyll, the dolphyne of Auverne, therle of 
Forestes, therle of Dampmartyne, therle of Vandone,'^the lorde ^ Venddme. 
of Coucy, the lorde of Craon, the lorde of Sully, the bysshoppe 
of Bewvayes,* the lorde of Frennes, the lorde of Beaujewe, the * Beauvais. 
lorde John of Chaalon, the lorde of Roy, and dyverse other, 
they all assembled in the cytie of Orlyaunce : they of that 
part of Loyre, and they of Poyctou, of Xaynton, of Rochell, 
of Caoursyn, and Lymosyn, they met in the marches of 
Tholouz. So all thes passed forthe towarde Roueryng,* and ^Rouergue. 
they founde moche more company assembled in the cytie of 
Rodes, and in the marches of Auverne and Provence ; so at 
last they all came to the cite of Tholouz and there about, 
for they coude nat be all lodged in the cytie, for they were 
in nombre mo than a hundred thousand ; this was in the 
yere of our Lorde God M.CCC.xlv. Anone after the feest 
of Christmas, the duke of Normandy who was chefe of that 
boost, rode forth with his two marshals before hym, the 
lorde of Momorency, and the lorde saynt Venant : first they 
went to the castell of Myremont, the which the Englysshmen 
had wonne before, and captayne within was one John 
Bristowe : there they made assaut. Within were a hundred 
Englysshmen ; and with the Frenchmen was sir Loyes of 




Of the great 
hoost that 
the duke of 
brought into 
of Derby. 

1 Cook. 

* Norwich. 

3 Zouche. 
* Bisset. 


Spayne, with Genowayes crosbowes who sparredde no shotte, 
so that they within the castell coulde nat defende them- 
selfe, but that the castell was won, and they all take and 
slayne with the captayne. Than the marshals set ther newe 
men. Than they passed forth e and came to Vyle Franche in 
Agenoyes ; there all the hoost layd siege, and assayled the 
towne. At that season the captayne, sir Thomas Corque ^ 
was nat there, he was at Burdeaux with therle of Derby, who 
had sent for hym ; howbeit, they within defended themselfe 
valyantly, but finally they were taken perforce, and the 
towne robbed and brent, and slayne the moste part of the 
soudyers. Than the hoost drewe to the cytie of Angolesme, 
and layd siege there ; capytayne within was a squyer called 
John Normell.^ Whan therle of Derby harde of this gret 
hoost and howe they had wonne agayne Myrmount and 
Vyle Franche, and brent the towne, and left the castell 
voyde, than he sent four knyghtes with threscore men of 
armes, and thre hundred archers to Vyle Franche, to entre 
into the castell and to close the gates agayne of the towne : 
and promysed theym, that if the Frenchmen came thyder 
agayne to assay le theym, he wolde socoure them whatsoever 
fell therof : and so these four knyghtes, that is to say, sir 
Stephyn Tombey, sir Rycharde Heldone, sir RafFe Has- 
tynges, and sir Normant of Fynfroyde went thyder and 
newely fortifyed the towne and castell. Than therle of Derby 
desyred the erle of Penbroke, sir Gaultier of Manny, sir 
Franque de Hall, sir Thomas Coque, sir John de la Touche,^ 
sir Rycharde of Beavayes, sir Philyp Reckeleve, sir Robert 
Nevyll, sir Thomas Briset,^ and dy verse other knyghtes and 
squyers to go all to Aguyllon, and to kepe that fortres for 
he wolde be sore dyspleased if that shulde be lost. They 
departed and were a xl. knyghtes and squyers, and thre 
hundred men of armes, with archers ; and so they entred 
into the stronge castell of Aguyllon, and there they founde 
a sixscore soudyours all redy that therle of Derby had left 
ther before ; than they made provisyon for all thynges 
necessarie. And as these foresayd four knyghtes came 
towarde Vyle Franche, they founde in their way great plentie 
of beafes, mottons, and come, the which they toke with 
them into their towne, and they repayred agayn the castell, 


and mended the walles and gates of the towne, so that they CAP. CXVIII 
were at last a fy ftene hundred men, able to make defence, Of the great 
and had vy tayle sufficyent for sixe monethes. The duke of hoost that 
Normandy, who had long lyen at sieg before Angolesme, *^® ^'^^^o^ 
sawe howe he coude nat wynne the towne by assaut for troueht into 
every day he lost of his men ; than he commaunded to make Gascone 
no more assautes but to remeve nerer to the towne. On a agaynsttherle 
day the seneshall of Beaucayre came to the duke and sayd, ^^ Derby. 
Sir, I knowe well all the marchesse of this countrey ; if it 
wyll please you to lette me have a sixe hundred men of 
armes, and I shall go abrode into the contre, and gette 
vytayle for your hoost, for within a whyle we shall lacke ; 
the duke was content. The next day the seneshall toke 
with hym certayne knightes, squyers, and lordes, that were 
content to go under hym : first the duke of Burbon, therle 
of Ponthieu his brother, the erle of Tankervyll, therle of 
Forestes, the dolphyn of Auverne, the lorde of Pons, the 
lorde of Partney, the lorde of Coucy, the lorde Daubigny, 
the lorde Dausemont, the lorde of Beaujewe, sir Guyssharde 
Dangle, sir Sayntre, and d3rverse other, to a ix. C. speares. 
They toke their horse in the evenyng and rode all nyght 
tyll the brekyng of the day in the mornyng, and so came to 
a gret towne that was but newly wonne by thenglysshmen, 
called Athenys : and there a spy came to the seneshall and 
sayd, Sir, ther is in the towne a sixscore men of armes, 
Gascons and Englysshe, and iii. hundred archers, who woU 
defende the towne if ye gyve assaut, but I sawe this morn- 
yng a ii. C. great beestes putte out of the towne into the 
medowes, joyninge to the towne. Than the seneshall sayd. 
Sirs, I thynke it best, let all our company abyde styll here 
in this valey and I woll go with Ix. with me, and fetche the 
catayle hyther, and I thynke thenglysshmen woll yssue in- 
contynent to rescue the pray, than shall ye mete with them. 
So this was done. The seneshall with threscore well horsed, 
rode by wayes covert about the towne by gidyng of the 
spye, tyll at last they came into the fayre medowes, wher 
the catayle pastured : than they drave all the beestes togyder 
alonge by the towne by another way than they came thyder : 
they of the castell and on the walles sawe them, and began 
to blowe and to styrre in the towne, and awaked some out 




CAP. CXVIII of their beddes, for it was erely in the mornynge : and than 

Of the great they drewe togyder and mounted on their horses, and yssued 

boost that out lie that myght firste, so that there abode in the towne 

Normand° ^^^^ ^^* ^ certayne vylayns ; thenglysshmen hasted them 

brought into sore after the Frenchmen, and cryed, Sirs, ye shall nat go 

Gascone thus away. Than the Frenchmen came on them, so that 

agaynsttberle within a lytell space they were overcome, and the captayne 

of Derby. g- j. g^gp^yn Lesey ^ was taken prisoner and some other with 

1 Lucy. hym, and all the other slayne : and than the Frenchemen rode 

hastely to the towne, the which they wanne with assaut, 

for it was without kepynge ; the first batayle that entred 

was the duke of Burbons : than they sette there newe cap- 

tayns, and so departed with their pray and prisoners, and so 

came the next day to the boost before Angolesme ; the 

seneshall of Beaucayre achyved great honoure by that dede, 

howbeit ther were gretter lordes with hym than hymselfe, 

but he was captayne as at that tyme. 


Howe John Norwyche scaped fro Angolesme whan 
the towne was y elded to the Frenchmen. 

THUS these lordes of France helde a great season sege 
before Angoleme, and they ranne over all the 
countrey that thenglysshmen hadde wonne before, 
and dyd moche trouble, and toke many prisoners and great 
prayes, the which they brought to their boost; the two 
bretherne of Burbon achyved great laude and prayse for 
alwayes they went forth with the formast. Whan John 
Norwiche sawe that the duke wolde nat depart thens tyll 
he had the towne at his pleasure, and parceyved howe their 
vitayls began to wast and that the erle of Derby made no 
maner to rescue theym ; and also he sawe well howe they of 
the towne enclyned greatly to the Frenche party, for they 
wolde have tourned French, or that tyme, if they had durst, 
therfore he doubted of treason : wherfore he thought to save 
hymself and his company. On the evyn of the Purifycation 
of our lady, all alone he went to the walles of the cyte, 
without shewyng to any man what he wolde do : he made a 


token with his hatte to them of the host ; they that sawe CAP. CXIX 
the signe came thyder and demaunded what he wolde. He Howe John 
sayde he wolde gladly speke with the duke of Normandy, Norwyche 
or with one of his marshals : incontynent this was shewed scaped fro 
to the duke who went thyder and certayne knyghtes with "S*^^®^™®- 
hym : assone as the captayne sawe the duke, he toke of his 
cap and saluted the duke, and the duke saluted hym and 
sayde, John, howe is it with you, woll you yelde yourselfe. 
Sir, quoth he, I am nat so yet determyned ; but sir, I wold 
desyre you in the honoure of our lady, whose day shal be to 
morowe, that ye wolde graunt a truse to endure all onely 
but to morowe, so that you nor we, none to greve other, but 
to be in peace that day. The duke sayde, I am content, and 
so they departed. The next day, which was Candelmas 
day, John Norwiche and his company armed them, and 
trussed all that they had to here away : than they opyned 
their gate and yssued oute : than they of the boost began 
to styrre ; than the captayne rode on before to them, and 
sayd. Sirs, beware, do no hurt to none of us, for we woll do 
none, we have truse for this day all onely, agreed by the 
duke your captayne ; if ye knowe it nat, go and demaunde 
of hym, for by reason of this trewse, we may ryde this day 
whyther we woll. The duke was demaunded what was his 
pleasure in that mater ; the duke answered and sayde. Let 
them depart whyder they woll a Goddesname, for we can 
nat let them, for I woll kepe that I have promysed. Thus 
John Norwych departed and all his company, and passed 
the French boost without any damage and went to Aguyllon ; 
and whan the knightes ther knewe howe he had saved hym- 
selfe and his company, they sayde he had begyled his 
ennemyes by a good subtyltie. The next day after they 
of the cytie of Angolesme went to counsayle, and deter- 
myned to yelde up the towne to the duke : they sent to hym 
into the boost certayne messangers, who at last spedde so 
well, that the duke toke them to mercy and pardoned them 
all his yvell wyll, and so entred into the cytie and into the 
castell, and toke homage of the cytizens, and made captajoie 
ther Antony Vyllers, and set a hundred soudyers with hym. 
Than the duke went to the castell of Damassene, where he 
helde siege xv. dayes and every day assaut; finally it was 




Howe John 
scaped fro 

1 Le Borgne de 

2 Tomneins. 

^ frontiers P. 


won, and all that were within slayn. The duke gave that 
castell and the landes therto to a squyer of Beausse, called 
the Bourge of Mulle : ^ than the duke came to Thomyns,^ 
on the ryver of Garon, and there lay at siege a certayne 
space ; at laste they within yelded up, their goodes and 
lyves saved, and to be savely conducted to Burdeaux. So 
the strangers departed, but they of the towne came under 
the obeysaunce of the duke; the duke taryed aboute the 
ryver of Garon, tyll it was past Ester : and than he went to 
port saynt Mary on the same ryver, and there were a two 
hundred Englysshmen that kept the towne and the passage 
and was well fortifyed, but it was taken with assaut and all 
they within : than ther were set newe captayns, and men of 
warr, and newe repayred the towne, and thanne the duke 
went to Aguyllone. 


Howe the duke of Normandy layd siege to 
Aguyllon with a hundred thousande men. 

THE duke of Normandy and these lordes of Fraunce 
dyd so moche that they came to the castell of Aguyl- 
lone : there they layde their siege aboute the fayre 
medowes, along by the ryver able to here shyppes, every 
lorde amonge his owne company and every constable by 
hymselfe, as it was ordayned by the marshals. This sege 
endured tyll the feest of saynt Remy: ther were well C. 
thousande men of warr, a horsebacke and a fote : they made 
lightly every day two or thre assautes, and moost commenly 
fro the mornyng tyll it was nere nyght without ceasynge, 
for ever there came newe assauters that wolde nat sufFre 
them within to rest. The lordes of Fraunce sawe well they 
coude nat well come to the fortres^ without they passed 
the ryver, the which was large and depe. Than the duke 
comraaunded that a bridge shuld be made, whatsoever it 
coste, to passe the ryver ; there were sette awarke, mo than 
thre hundred workemen, who dyde worke day and nyght. 
Whan the knyghtes within sawe this brige more than halfe 
made over the ryver, they decked thre shyppes, and entred 
into theym a certayne, and so came on the workemen, 


and chased them away, with their defenders ; and ther they CAP. CXX 
brake all to peaces that had ben longe a makynge. Whane Howe the 
the Frenche lordes sawe that, than they apayrelled other duke of 
shyppes, to resyst agaynst their shyppes; and than the ^°*?"^'^'*y 
workemen beganne agayne to worke on the bridge, on trust AeuyUo-a. 
of their defenders ; and whan they had worked halfe a day 
and more, sir Gaultier of Manny and his company entred 
into a shyppe, and came on the workemen, and made them to 
leave warke and to recule backe, and brake agayn all that 
they had made. This besynesse was nygh every day ; but at 
last the Frenchmen kept so well their workemen, that the 
bridge was made perforce ; and thanne the lordes and all 
their army passed over in maner of bataylle, and they 
assawtedde the castell a hole day togyder without ceasyng, 
but nothynge they wanne ; and at nyght they retourned to 
their lodgynges : and they within amended all that was 
broken, for they had with them workemen ynoughe. The 
next day the Frenchmen devyded their assauters into foure 
partes, the first to begynne in the mornyng and to contynue 
tyll nyne, the seconde tyll noon, the thyrde to evyn song 
tyme, and the fourth tyll nyght : after that maner they 
assayled the castell sixe dayes togyder ; howebeit they 
within were nat so sore traveyled,but alwayes they defended 
themselfe so valyantly, that they without wanne nothynge, 
but onely the bridge without the castell. Thane the French- 
men toke other counsayle ; they sende to Tholouz for 
eyght great engyns, and they made there foure gretter, and 
they made all xii. to cast day and nyght agaynst the castell, 
but they within were so well pavysshed, that never a ston 
of their engyns dyde theym any hurt ; it brake somwhat the 
coveryng of some houses. They within had also great engyns, 
the which brake downe all the engyns without, for in a 
shorte space they brake all to pecys sixe of the greattest of 
them without. Duryng this siege often tymes sir Water 
of Manny yssued out with a hundred or sixe score com- 
panyons, and went on that syde the ryver a foragynge, and 
retourned agayne with great prayes in the syght of them 
without. On a day, the lorde Charles of Momorency, mar- 
shall of the host, rode forthe with a fyve hundred with hym, 
and whane he retourned, he drave before hym a great 
MM 273 



Howe the 
duke of 
layd siege to 



nombre of beestes, that he had get togyder in the countrey 
to refresshe thoost with vytayle ; and by adventure he 
encountred with sirGaultier of Manny. There was bytwene 
them a great fight and many overthrowen, hurte, and 
slayne ; the Frenchemen were fyve agaynst one. Tidynges 
therof came unto Aguyllon : than every man that myght 
yssued out, therle of Penbroke first of all and his company ; 
and whan he came, he founde sir Gaultier of Manny a fote, 
enclosed with his ennemyes, and dyde mervayls in armes. In- 
contynent he was rescued and remounted agayne, and in the 
meane season, some of the Frenchemen chased their beestes 
quyckely into the boost, or els they had lost them, for they 
that yssued out of Aguyllon set so feersly on the French- 
men, that they putte theym to the flyght, and delyverd 
their company that were takenne and tooke many Frenche- 
men prisoners, and sir Charles of Momorency had moche warke 
to scape : than thenglysshmen retourned into Aguyllon. 
Thus every day almoost there were suche rencounters, 
besyde the assautes. On a day all the hole boost armed 
them, and the duke commaunded that they of Tholouz, of 
Carcassone, of Beaucayre, shulde make assaut fro the morn- 
ynge tyll noone, and they of Remergue,^ Caours and 
Agenoys fro noone tyll nyght : and the duke promysed 
who soever coude wynne the brige of the gate shulde have 
in rewarde a hundred crownes. Also the duke, the better to 
mentayne this assaut, he caused to come on the ryver 
dyverse shyppes and barges : some entred into them to 
passe the ryver, and some went by the bridge : at the last 
some of theym toke a lytell vessell and went under the 
brige, and dyde cast great hokes of yron to the drawe 
bridge, and than drewe it to them so sore, that they brake 
the chenes of yron that helde the bridge, and so pulled 
downe the bridge parforce. Than the Frenchmen lept on the 
bridge so hastely, that one overthrewe another, for every 
man desyred to wyn the hundred crownes. They within 
cast downe barres of yron, peces of tymbre, pottes of lyme, 
and bote water, so that many were overthrowen fro the 
bridge into the water and into the dykes, and many slayne 
and sore hurt ; howbeit the bridge was wonne perforce, 
but it cost more than it was worthe, for thev coude nat for 


all that wyn the gate. Than they drewe abacke to their CAP. CXX 
lodgynges for it was late : thane they within yssued out, Howe the 
and newe made agayne their drawe bridge, stronger thane duke of 
ever it was before. The next day ther came to the duke Normandy 
two connyng men raaisters in carpentre, and sayde. Sir, if ^^ ^®^® *° 
ye woll let us have tymbre and workemen, we shall make 
foure scaffoldes as hygh or hyer thane the walles. The 
duke commaunded that it shulde be done, and to get car- 
penters in the contrey, and to gyve them good wages ; so 
these four scafoldes wer made in four shyppes, but it was 
long first, and cost moch or they were finysshed. Than suche 
as shulde assayle the castell in them were apoynted and 
entred ; and whan they were passed halfe the ryver, they 
within the castell let go four martynetes that they had 
newely made, to resyst agaynst these scafoldes. These four 
martynettes dyd cast out so great stones, and so often fell 
on the scafoldes, that in a short space they were all to 
broken, so that they that were within them coulde nat 
be pavysshed by theym, so that they were fayne to drawe 
backe agayne ; and or they were agayne at lande one of the 
scafoldes drowned in the water, and the moost part of them 
that were within it ; the which was great damage, for 
therin were good knyghtes, desyringe their bodyes to 
avaunce. Whan the duke sawe that he coude nat come to 
his entent by that meanes, he caused the other thre scafoldes 
to rest : than he coude se no way howe he might gette 
the castell, and he had promysed nat to departe thense, tyll 
he had it at his wyll, without the kyng his father dyd sende 
for hym. Than he sende the constable of France, and the 
erle of Tankervyll to Parys to the kyng, and there they 
shewed hym the state of the siege of Aguyllone. The 
kynges mynde was that the duke shulde lye there styll, 
tyll he had won them by famyn, syth he coude nat have 
them by assaut. 





Howe the kyng of Englande came over the see 
agayne to rescue them in Aguyllone. 

IHE kyng of Englande, who had harde howe his men 
were sore constrayned in the castell of Aguyllon, 
than he thought to go over the see into Gascoyne 
with a great army : ther he made his provisyon, and sent 
for men all about his realme and in other places, wher 
he thought to spede for his money. In the same season 
the lorde Godfray of Harecourt came into Englande, who 
was banysshed out of Fraunce ; he was well receyved with 
the kynge and retayned to be about hym, and had fayre 
landes assigned hym in Englande, to mentayne his degree. 
Than the kynge caused a great navy of shyppes to be redy 

1 Southampton, in the havyn of Hampton,^ and caused all maner of men 
of warr to drawe thyder. About the feest of saynt John 
Baptyst, the yere of our Lorde God, M.CCC.xlv. the kynge 
departed fro the quene and lefte her in the gydinge of 

a Kent. therle of Cane ^ his cosyn : and he stablysshed the lorde 

Persy and the lorde Nevyll to be wardyns of his realme 
with the archebysshoppe of Yorke, the bysshoppe of Lyn- 
colne, and the bysshoppe of Durham : for he never voyded 
his realme but that he lefte ever ynough at home to kepe 
and defende the realme, yf nede were. Than the kyng rode 
to Hampton, and there taryed for wynde ; than he entred 
into his shyppe and the prince of Wales with hym, and the 
lorde Godfray of Harecourt, and all other lordes, erles, 
barownes, and knyghtes, with all their companyes; they 
were in nombre a foure thousande men of armes, and ten 
thousande archers, besyde Irysshmen and Walsshmen that 
folowed the host a fote. 

Nowe I shall name you certayne of the lordes that went 
over with kyng Edwarde in that journey. First, Edward, 
his eldest sonne, prince of Wales, who as thane was of the 
age of xiii. yeres or there about : the erles of Herforde, 
Northamptone, Arundell, Cornewall, Warwyke, Huntyngdon, 
Suffolke, and Oxenforth : and of barons the lorde Mor- 



tymer, who was after erle of Marche, the lordes John, CAP. CXXI 
Loyes,^ and Roger of Beauchampe, and the lorde Reynold Howe the 
Cobham : of lordes the lorde of Mombray,^ Rose,^ Lucy, kyng of Eng- 
Felton, Brastone,^ Myllon, Labey, Maule, Basset, Barlett, ^^"^^ ja°»e 
and Wylloughby, with dyvers other lordes : and of bachelars ^avne to^^ 
there was John Chandoys, Fytzwaren, Peter and James rescue them 
Audelay, Roger of Vertuall, Bartylmewe of Bries,® and in Aguyllone. 
Rycharde of Penbruges,* with dyvers other that I can nat 1 ^o^^g, 
name : fewe ther were of strangers : ther was the erle 2 Mowbray. 
Hanyou, sir Olphas* of Guystels, and v. or vi. othersjRos. 
knyghtes of Almayne, and many other that I can nat 4 Bradestcme. 
name. Thus they sayled forth that day in the name oi 5 Bwghersh. 
God ; they were well onwarde on their way towarde Gascone, e pembridge. 
but on the thirde day ther rose a contrary wynde and drave 7 OvZphaH. 
them on the marches of Comewall, and ther they lay at ^ 

ancre vi. dayes. In that space the kyng had other counsell 
by the meanes of sir Godfray Harcourt ; he counselled the 
kyng nat to go into Gascoyne, but rather to set a lande in 
Normandy, and sayde to the kyng. Sir, the countre of Nor- 
mandy is one of the plentyous countreis of the worlde : sir, 
on jeopardy on my heed, if ye woll lande ther, ther is none 
that shall resyst you : the people of Normandy have nat ben 
used to the warr, and all the knyghtes and squyers of the 
contrey ar nowe at the siege before Aguyllon with the duke : 
and sir, ther ye shall fynde great townes that be nat walled, 
wherby your men shall have suche wynning, that they shal 
be the better therby xx. yere after : and sir, ye may folowe 
with your army tyll ye come to Cane in Normandy ; sir, I 
requyre you byleve me in this voyage. The kyng, who was 
as than but in the floure of his youth, desyring nothyng so 
moche as to have dedes of armes, inclyned greatly to the 
sayeng of the lorde Harecourt, whom he called cosyn. Than he 
commaunded the maryners to set their course to Normandy ; 
and he toke into his shyp the token of thadmyrall therle of 
Warwyke, and sayd howe he wolde be admyrall for that 
vyage, and so sayled on before as governour of that navy, 
and they had wynde at wyll. Than the kyng aryved in the 
ysle of Constantyne,^ at a port called Hogue saynt Wast. ^ Cotentin. 
Tydinges anone spredde abrode howe thenglysshmen were 
a lande ; the townes of Constantyne sent worde therof to 



CAP. CXXI Parys, to kynge Philyppe : he had well harde before howe 

Howe the the kynge of Englande was on the see with a great army, 

kyng of but he wyst nat what way he wolde drawe, other into Nor- 

Englande mandy, Bretayne, or Gascoyne. Assone as he knewe that 

see affayne to the kyng of Englande was a lande in Normandy, he sende 

rescue them his constable therle of Guynes, and the erle of Tankervell, 

in Aguyllone. who were but newely come to hym fro his sonne fro the 

siege at Aguyllon, to the towne of Cane, commaundyng 

them to kepe that towne agaynst the Englysshmen. They 

sayd they wolde do their best : they departed fro Parys with 

a good nombre of men of warre, and dayly there came mo 

to them by the way ; and so came to the towne of Cane, 

where they were receyved with great joye of men of the 

towne and of the countrey there about, that were drawen 

thyder for suretie : these lordes toke hede for the provisyon 

of the towne, the which as than was nat walled. The kyng 

thus was aryved at the port Hogue saynt Wast, nere to 

1 St. Sauvewr le saynt Savyour the Vycount,^ the right herytage to the lorde 

^ ^' Godfray of Harcourt, who as than was ther with the kynge 

of Englande. 


Howe the kynge of Englande rode in thre batayls 
through Normandy. 

WHANE the kynge of Englande arryved in the 
Hogue saynt Wast, the kyng yssued out of his 
shyppe, and the firste fote that he sette on the 
grounde, he fell so rudely, that the blode brast out of his 
nose. The knyghtes that were aboute hym toke hym up and 
sayde. Sir, for Goddessake entre agayne into your shyppe, and 
come nat a lande this day, for this is but an yvell signe for 
us. Than the kyng answered quickely and sayd, Wherfore, 
this is a good token for me, for the land desyreth to have 
me. Of the whiche answere all his men were right joyful!. 
So that day and nyght the kyng lodged on the sandes, and 
in the meane tyme dyscharged the shyppes of their horses 
and other bagages. There the kyng made two marshals of 
his boost, the one the lorde Godfray of Harecourt, and the 
other therle of Warwyke, and the erle of Arundell con- 



stable. And he ordayned that therle of Huntyngdon shulde CAP. CXXII 
kepe the flete of shyppes with C. men of armes, and iiii. C. Howe the 
archers: and also he ordayned thre batayls, one to go on kyngeofEng- 
his right hande, closyng to the see syde, and the other ^^^^^^ rode in 
on his lyfte hande, and the kynge hymselfe in the myddes, ^^ batayls 
and every night to lodge all in one felde. Thus they sette Normandy, 
forth as they were ordayned, and they that went by the 
see toke all the shyppes that they founde in their wayes ; 
and so long they went forthe, what by see and what by 
lande, that they came to a good port, and to a good towne 
called Harflewe,^ the which incontynent was wonne, for they ^ Barfleur. 
within gave up for feare of dethe. Howebeit, for all that the 
towne was robbed, and moche golde and sylver there founde, 
and ryche jewels : there was founde so moche rychesse, that 
the boyes and vyllayns of the boost sette nothyng by good 
furred gownes : they made all the men of the towne to yssue 
out and to go into the shyppes, bycause they wolde nat 
sufFre them to be behynde them, for feare of rebellyng 
agayne. After the towne of Harflewe was thus taken and 
robbed without brennyng, than they spredde abrode in the 
countrey, and dyd what they lyst, for there was nat to resyst 
them. At laste they came to a great and a ryche towne 
called Cherbourgue ; the towne they wan and robbed it, and 
brent parte therof, but into the castell they coude nat 
come, it was so stronge and well furnysshed with men of 
warre :/ thane they passed forthe, and came to Mount- 
bourgue, and toke it and robbed and brent it clene. In this 
maner they brent many other townes in that countrey, and 
wan so moche rychesse, that it was marvell to rekyn it. 
Thanne they came to a great towne well closed, called 
Quarentyne,^ where ther was also a strong castell, and many 2 Carentan. 
soudyours within to kepe it ; thane the lordes came out of 
their shyppes and feersly made assaut. The burgesses of 
the towne were in great feare of their lyves, wyves and 
chyldren : they suffred thenglysshemen to entre into the 
towne agaynst the wyll of all the soudyours that were ther ; 
they putte all their goodes to thenglysshmens pleasures, 
they thought that moost advauntage. Whan the soud- 
yours within sawe that, they went into the castell : the 
Englysshmen went into the towne, and two dayes toguyder 



CAP. CXXII they made sore assautes, so that whan they within se no 
Howe the socoure, they yelded up, their lyves and goodes savyed ; and 
kyngeof Eng- so departed. Thenglysshmen had their pleasure of that good 
tlT Vt V° towne and castell, and whan they sawe they might nat men- 
through tayne to kepe it, they set fyre therin and brent it, and 
Normandy, made the burgesses of the towne to entre into their shyppes, 
as they had done with them of Harflewe,^ Chyerburgue, and 
arjtew. Mountbourge, and of other townes that they had wonne on 
the see syde ; all this was done by the batayle that went by 
the see syde, and by them on the see togyder. Nowe let us 
speke of the kinges batayle : whan he had sent his first 
batayle alonge by the see syde, as ye have harde, wherof one 
of his marshals therle of Warwyke was captayne, and the 
lorde Cobham with hym, than he made his other marshall 
to lede his boost on his lyft hande, for he knewe the yssues, 
and entrees of Normandy better than any other dyd ther. 
/The lorde Godfray as marshall rode forthe with fyve 
hundred men of armes, and rode of fro the kynges batayle 
as sixe or sevyne leages, in brennynge and exilyng the 
countrey, the which was plentyfull of every thynge ; the 
granges full of corne, the houses full of all ryches, riche 
burgesses, cartes and charyottes, horse, swyne, mottons, and 
other beestes. They toke what them lyst and brought into 
the kynges boost, but the soudyours made no count to the 
kynge nor to none of his offycers of the golde and sylver 
that they dyd gette, they kept that to themselfe. Thus sir 
Godfray of Harecourt rode every day of fro the kynges boost, 
and for moost parte every nyght resorted to the kynges 
^ Lo. felde. The kyng toke his way to saynt Lowe,'^ in Con- 
stantyne, but or he came ther he lodged by a ryver, abyd- 
ing for his men that rode along by the see syde ; and whan 
they were come, they sette forthe their caryage, and therle 
of Warwyke, therle of Suffolke, sir Thomas Hollande and 
sir Raynolde Cobham, and their company, rode out on the 
one syde, and wasted and exiled the contrey, as the lorde 
Harecourt hadde done ; and the kynge ever rode bytwene 
these bataylles, and every nyght they logedde togyder. 





Of the great assemble that the Frenche kynge made 
to resyst the kyng of Englande. 

THUS by thenglysshmen was brent, exyled, robbed, 
wasted, and pylled, the good plentyfuU countrey of 
Normandy. Thanne the Frenche kyng sent for the 
lorde John of Heynalt, who came to hym with a great 
nombre ; also the kyng sende for other men of armes, dukes, 
erles, barownes, knyghtes,and squyers, and assembled togyder 
the grettest nombre of people that had ben sene in France a ' 

hundred yere before. He sent for men into so ferr coiintreys, 
that it was longe or they came togyder, wherof the kynge 
of Englande dyde what hym lyste in the meane season. 
The French kyng harde well what he dyd, and sware and 
sayd, howe they shulde never retourne agayne unfought 
withall, and that suche hurtes and damages as they had 
done shulde be derely revenged ; wherfore he had sent 
letters to his frendes in thempyre, to suche as wer farthest 
of, and also to the gentyll kyng of Behayne, and to the 
lorde Charles his son, who fro thensforthe was called kynge 
of Almaygne, he was made kynge by the ayde of his father 
and the Frenche kyng, and had taken on hym the armes of 
thempyre : the Frenche kyng desyred them to come to hym 
with all their powers, to thyntent to fyght with the kynge 
of Englande, who brent and wasted his countrey. These 
princes and lordes made them redy with great nombre of 
men of armes, of Almaynes, Behaynoes, and Luxambroses,^ ^ Luxem- 
and so came to the Frenche kyng. Also kyng Philyppe send ^^^^*' 
to the duke of Lorayne, who came to serve hym with CCC. 
speares : also ther came therle Samynes^ in Samynoes, ^ex\e "^ Salm, (Saumes 
of Salebruges,^ the erle of Flaunders, the erle Wyllyam of^^"^*~)- 
Namure, every man with a fayre company. Ye have harde *^'^ ''"^ ' 
here before of the order of thenglysshmen, howe they went 
in thre batayls, the marshalles on the right hande and on 
the lyft, the kyng and the prince of Wales his sonne in 
the myddes. They rode but small journeys, and every day 
toke their lodgynges bytwene noone and thre of the clocke, 
NN 281 




Of the great 
assemble that 
the Frenche 
kynge made 
to resyst the 
kyng of 

1 Coviances. 

2 Wargnp. 

' Austrehem. 


and founde the countrey so frutefull, that they neded nat to 
make no provisyon for their hoost, but all onely for wyne, 
and yet they founde reasonably sufficyent therof. It was no 
marveyle though they of the countrey were afrayed, for 
before that tyme they had never sene men of warre, nor 
they wyst nat what warre or batayle ment. They fledde 
away as ferr as they might here spekyng of thenglysshmen, 
and left their houses well stuffed, and graunges full of come, 
they wyst nat howe to save and kepe it. The kynge of Eng- 
lande and the prince had in their batayle a thre thousand 
men of armes and sixe thousande archers and a ten thou- 
sande men a fote, besyde them that rode with the marshals. 
Thus as ye have harde, the kyng rode forth, wastynge and 
brennyng the countrey, without brekyng of his order : he 
left the cytie of Constance,^ and went to a great towne 
called saynt Lowe, a rych towne of drapery, and many riche 
burgesses. In that towne ther were dwellyng an viii. or nyne- 
score burgesses, crafty men : whanne the kynge came ther, 
he toke his lodgyng without, for he wolde never lodge in 
the towne, for feare of fyre, but he sende his men before, 
and anone the towne was taken and clene robbed : it was 
harde to thynke the great ryches that there was won, in 
clothes specially; clothe wolde ther have ben solde good 
chepe, yf ther had ben any byers. Than the kynge went 
towarde Cane, the which was a greatter towne, and full of 
drapery and other marchauntdyse, and riche burgesses, 
noble ladyes and damosels, and fayre churches, and specially 
two great and riche abbeys, one of the Trynyte, another of 
saynt Stephyn ; and on the one syde of the towne, one of 
the fayrest castels of all Normandy, and capitayn therin was 
Robert of Blargny,^ with thre hundred Genowayes ; and in 
the towne was therle of Ewe and of Guynes, constable of 
Fraunce, and therle of Tankervyll, with a good nombre of 
men of warr. The king of England rode that day in good 
order, and logedde all his batayls togyder that night, a two 
leages fro Cane, in a towne with a lytell havyn, called 
Haustreham,^ and thyder came also all his navy of shyppes, 
with therle of Huntyngdone who was governour of them. 
The constable and other lordes of France that nyght watched 
well the towne of Cane, and in the mornyng armed them 


with all them of the towne ; than the constable ordayned CAP. 
that none shulde yssue out, but kepe their defences on the CXXIII 
walles, gate, bridge, and ry ver, and left the subbarbes voyde. Of the great 
bycause they were nat closedde, for they thought they shulde assemble that 
have ynough to do to defende the towne, bycause it was nat kyLge made 
closedde but with the ryver ; they of the towne sayde howe to resyst the 
they wolde yssue out, for they were strong ynough to fyght kyng of 
with the kyng of Englande. Whan the constable sawe Englande. 
their good wyls, he sayd. In the name of God be it, ye shall 
nat fyght without me. Than they yssued out in good order, 
and made good face to fyght and to defende theym and to 
putte their lyves in adventure. 


Of the batayle of Cane, and howe thenglysshmen 
toke the towne. 

THE same day thenglysshmen rose erly and apayrelled 
them redy to go to Cane : the kyng harde masse ^ ^ noyse P. 
before the sonne rysing, and than toke his horse, 
and the prince his son, with sir Godfray of Harcourt mar- 
shall and leader of the boost, whose counsayle the kyng 
moche folowed. Than they drewe towarde Cane with their 
batels in good aray, and so aproched the good towne of 
Cane. Whane they of the towne, who were redy in the 
felde, sawe these thre batayls commyng in good order, with 
their baners and standerdes wavynge in the wynde, and the 
archers, the which they had nat ben accustomed to se, they 
were sore afcayd, and fledde away toward the towne without 
any order or good aray, for all that the constable coulde do : 
than the Englysshmen pursued them egerly. Whan the 
constable and the erle Tankervyll sawe that, they toke a 
gate at the entry and saved themselfe and certayne with 
them, for the Englysshmen were entred into the towne. 
Some of the knyghtes and squyers of Fraunce, suche as 
knewe the way to the castell went thyder, and the captayne 
ther receyved them all, for the castell was large. Thenglyssh- 
men in the chase slewe many, for they toke non to mercy. 
Than the constable and the erle of Tankervylle, beynge in 





of Cane, 
and howe 
men toke 
the towne. 

1 Prussia. 

the lytell towre at the bridge fote, loked alonge the strete 
and sawe their men slayne without mercy : they douted to 
Of the batayle fall in their handes. At last they sawe an Englysshe knyght 
with one eye called sir Thomas Holand, and a fyve or sixe 
other knyghtes with hym ; they knewe them, for they had 
sene them before in Pruce,^ in Grenade, and in other vyages : 
than they called to sir Thomas, and sayd howe they wold 
yelde themselfe prisoners. Than sir Thomas came thyder with 
his company and mounted up into the gate, and there founde 
the sayd lordes with xxv. knyghtes with them, who yelded 
theym to sir Thomas, and he toke them for his prisoners, 
and left company to kepe theym, and than mounted agayne 
on his horse and rode into the streates, and saved many 
lyves of ladyes, damosels, and cloysterers fro defoylyng, 
for the soudyers were without mercy. It fell so well the 
same season for thenglysshmen, that the ryver, which was 
able to here shyppes, at that time was so lowe, that men 
went in and out besyde the bridge. They of the towne were 
entred into their houses, and cast downe into the strete 
stones, tymbre, and yron, and slewe and hurte mo than fyve 
hundred Englysshmen ; wherwith the kynge was sore dys- 
pl eased. At night whan he hard therof, he commaunded 
that the next day all shulde be putte to the swerde and 
the towne brent : but than sir Godfray of Harecourt sayd, 
Dere sir, for Goddessake asswage somwhat your courage, and 
let it suffice you that ye have done ; ye have yet a great 
voyage to do, or ye come before Calys, whyder ye purpose 
to go ; and sir, in this towne there is muche people who 
wyll defende their houses, and it woll cost many of your men 
their lyves, or ye have all at your wyll, wherby paraventure 
ye shall nat kepe your purpose to Calys, the which shulde 
redowne to your rech. Sir, save your people, for ye shall 
have nede of them or this moneth passe, for I thynke verely 
your adversary kyng Philypp woll mete with you to fight, 
and ye shall fynde many strayt passages and rencounters ; 
wherfore your men and ye had mo, shall stande you in gode 
stede ; and sir, without any further sleynge, ye shall be lorde 
of this towne ; men and women woll putte all that they have 
to your pleasur. Than the kyng sayd, Sir Godfray, you ar 
our marshall, ordayne every thyng as ye woll. Than sir 


Godfray with his baner rode fro strete to strete, and com- CAP. 
maunded in the kynges name non to be so hardy to put fyre CXXIIII 
in any hous, to slee any persone, nor to vyolate any woman. Ofthebatayle 
Whan they of the towne hard that crye, they receyved the *^^9^^®' 
Englysshmen into their houses, and made theym good chere : thendvssh- 
and some opyned their coffers, and badde them take what men toke 
them lyst, so they might be assured of their ly ves : howe be the towne. 
it ther were done in the towne many yvell dedes, murdrers, 
and roberyes. Thus the Englysshemen were lordes of the 
towne thre dayes, and wanne great richesse, the which they 
sent by barkesse and barges to saynt Savyoure, by the ryver 
of Austrehen, a two leages thens, wheras all their navy lay. 
Than the kyng sende therle of Huntyngdon with two 
hundred men of armes and foure hundred archers with his 
navy and prisoners and richesse that they had gotte, backe 
agayne into Englande. And the kynge bought of sir 
Thomas Hallande the constable of Fraunce and therle of 
Tankervyll, and payed for them twentie thousande nobles. 


Howe sir Godfray of Harecourte fought with 
them of Amyens before Parys. 

THUS the kyng of England ordred his besynesse, 
beynge in the towne of Cane, and sende into Englande 
his navy of shyppes charged with clothes, jewelles, 
vessels of golde and sylver, and of other rychesse, and of 
prisoners mo than Ix. knightes and thre hundred burgesses. 
Than he departed fro the towne of Cane, and rode in the 
same order as he dyde before, brennynge and exilynge the 
countrey, and toke the way to Ewreus,^ and so past by it ;^Evreux. 
and fro thens they rode to a great towne called Lovyers,^ it 2 Lownera. 
was the chiefe towne of all Normandy of drapery, riches, and 
full of marchandyse : thenglysshmen soone entred therin, 
for as than it was nat closed ; it was overron, spoyled, and 
robbed without mercy ; there was won great richesse. 
Thane they entred into the countrey of Ewreus, and brent 
and pylled all the countrey, except the good townes closed 
and castels, to the which the kynge made none assaut, 




Howe sir 
Godfray of 
fought with 
them of 
before Parys. 


2 Mantes. 

2 MeuZan. 

* RoUeboise. 

" Bovlogne. 

^ Bourgla 


bycause of the sparynge of his people and his artillery. On 
the ryver of Sane, nere to Rone, there was the erle of Hare- 
court, brother to sir Godfray of Harecourt ; but he was on 
the Frenche partie, and therle of Dreux with hym, with a 
good nombre of men of warre ; but thenglysshmen left Roon, 
and went to Gysors, where was a strong eastell ; they brent 
the towne, and then they brent Vernon, and all the countrey 
about Roon, and Pont de Lache,^ and came to Nauntes ^ and 
to Meulence,' and wasted all the countrey about, and passed 
by the stronge eastell of Robeboyes ; ^ and in every place 
a long the ryver of Sane they founde the briges broken : at 
last they came to Poyssey, and founde the brige broken, but 
the arches and joystes lay in the ryver ; the kyng lay there a 
V. dayes. In the mean season the brige was made to passe 
the boost without paryll ; thenglysshe marshals ranne abrode 
just to Parys, and brent saynt Germayne in Lay, and 
Mountjoy, and saynt Clowde, and pety Bolayne" by Parys, 
and the queues Bourge:® they of Parys were nat well assured 
of theymselfe, for it was nat as than closed. Than kyng 
Philyppe removed to saynt Denyse, and or he went caused 
all the pentessys in Parys to be pulled downe ; and at saynt 
Denyse were redy come the kynge of Behayne, the lorde 
John of Heynalt, the duke of Lorayne, therle of Flaunders, 
therle of Bloyes, and many other great lordes and knyghtes, 
redy to serve the Frenche kynge. Whan the people of Parys 
sawe their kyng depart, they came to hym, and knelyd 
downe and sayd, A sir and noble kyng, what woll ye do, leve 
thus this noble cytie of Parys. The kynge sayd. My good 
people, doute ye nat, thenglysshmen woll aproche you no 
nerer than they be. Why so, sir, quoth they, they be within 
these two leages, and assone as they knowe of your depart- 
ynge, they woll come and assayle us, and we be nat able to 
defende them : sir, tary here styll, and helpe to defende your 
gode cite of Parys. Speke no more, quoth the kynge, for 
I woll go to saynt Denyse to my men of warre, for I woll 
encountre the Englysshmen, and fight agaynst them, what 
soever fall therof. The kyng of Englande was at Poissoy, 
and lay in the nonery there, and kept ther the feest of our 
lady in August, and satte in his robes of scarlet furred 
with armyns ; and after that feest he went forth in order as 


they were before. The lorde Godfray of Harecourt rode CAP. CXXV 
out on the one syde, with fyve hundred men of armes and Howe sir 
xiii. hundred archers ; and by adventure he encountred a Godfray of 
gret nombre of burgesses of Amyense a horsebacke, who Harecourte 
were ryding by the kynges commaunderaent to Parys ; they t^?"^*^* !^^*^ 
were quyckly assayled, and they defended themselfe valy- AmTens 
antly, for they were a great nombre and well armed ; there before Parys. 
were foure knyghtes of Amyense their captayns. This 
skirmisshe dured longe : at the first metyng many were over- 
throwen on bothe partes, but finally the burgesses were 
taken and nye all slayne, and thenglysshmen toke all their 
caryages and harnes. They were well stuff*ed, for they were 
goyng to the French kyng well apoynted, bycause they had 
nat sene hym a great season before : ther were slayne in the 
felde a xii. hundred. Than the kynge of Englande entred 
into the countrey of Beauvosyn,^ brennynge and exyling the 1 Beawoim. 
playne countrey, and lodged at a fayre abbey and a ryche 
called saynt Messene, nere to Beaways ; ther the kyng 
taryed a night and in the mornyng departed. And whan 
he was on his way he loked behynde him and sawe the 
abbey a fyre ; he caused incontynent xx. of them to be 
hanged that set the fyre ther, for he had commaunded 
before on payne of dethe none to vyolate any church, nor 
to bren any abbey : than the kyng past by the cite of 
Beaways, without any assaut gyveng, for bycause he wolde 
nat trouble his peple nor wast his artillery. And so that 
day he toke his logyng betyme in a lytell town called Nully.^ 2 Miiiy. 
The two marshals came so nere to Beaways, that they made 
assaut and skirmysh at the barryers in thre places, the 
whiche assaut endured a long space ; but the towne within 
was so well defended by the meanes of the byshoppe, who 
was ther within, that finally thenglysshemen departed, and 
brent clene harde to the gates all the subbarbes, and than at 
night they came into the kynges felde. The next day the 
kyng departed, brennyng and wasting all before hym, and 
at night lodged in a good vyllage called Grancuiller ; ^ the 3 orandviUiers. 
next day the kyng past by Argies ; ther was none to defende 
the castell, wherfore it was sone taken and brent. Than 
they went forth dystroyeng the countrey all about, and so 
came to the castell of Poys, where ther was a good towne 




Howe sir 
Godfray of 
fought with 
them of 
before Parys. 

1 Corbie. 


and two castels. Ther was no body in them but two fayre 
damosels, doughters to the lorde of Poys ; they were sone 
taken, and had ben vyolated, and two Englysshe knyghtes 
had nat ben, sir Johan Chandos and sir Basset; they 
defended them and brought them to the kyng, who for his 
honour made them gode chere, and demaunded of them 
why ther they wolde fay nest go ; they sayd to Corbe : ^ and 
the kynge caused them to be brought thyder without paryll. 
That nyght the kyng lodged in the towne of Poys : they of 
the towne and of the castels spake that nyght with the 
marshals of thoost, to save them and their towne fro brenn- 
yng, and they to pay a certayne somme of floreyns the nexte 
day assone as the hoost was departed. This was graunted 
them, and in the mornyng the kyng departed with all his 
hoost except a certayne that were left there to receyve the 
money that they of the towne had promysed to pay. Whan 
they of the towne sawe thoost depart and but a fewe left 
behynd, than they sayd they wolde pay never a peny, and 
so ranne out and set on thenglysshmen, who defended them- 
selfe as well as they might, and sende after thost for socoure. 
Whan sir Reynolde Cobham and sir Tliomas Hollande, who 
had the rule of the reregarde, harde therof, they retourned 
and cryed Treason, treason, and so came agayne to Poys 
warde, and founde their companyons styll fightyng with 
them of the towne. Than anone they of the towne were 
nighe all slayne and the towne brent, and the two castels 
beaten downe. Than they retourned to the kynges hoost, 
who was as than at Araynes and there lodged, and had com- 
maunded all maner of men on payne of dethe to do no 
hurte to no towne of Arsyn, for there the kyng was mynded 
to lye a day or two, to take advyce howe he myght passe the 
ryver of Some, for it was necessarie for hym to passe the 
ryver, as ye shall here after. 




How the French kyng folowed the kyng of 
Englande into Beauvoysinoys. 

NOWE lette us speke of kyng Philyppe, who was at 
saynt Denyse and his people aboute hym, and 
dayly encreased. Thane on a day he departed, 
and rode so longe that he came to Coppygny du Guyse,^ a i Coppegwuie. 
thre leages fro Amyense, and there he taryed. The kyng of 
Englande beyng at Araynes, wyst nat where for to passe the 
ryver of Some, the which was large and depe, and all briges 
were broken and the passages well kept. Than at the kynges 
commaundement his two marshals with M. men of armes 
and two M. archers, went along the ryver to fynde some 
passag, and passed by Longpre, and came to the bridge of 
Atheny,^ the which was well kept with a gret nombre of 2 Poni-R&my. 
knyghtes and squyers and men of the countrey. The 
Englysshmen alyghted a fote and assayled the Frenchmen 
from the mornynge tyll it was noone ; but the bridge was so 
well fortify ed and defended, that the Englysshmen departed 
without wynning of any thynge. Than they went to a great 
towne called Fountayns on the ryver of Somme, the which 
was clene robbed and brent, for it was nat closed. Than 
they went to another towne called Longe in Ponthieu ; they 
coulde nat wynne the bridge, it was so well kept and 
defended. Than they departed and went to Pyqueny, and 
founde the towne, the bridge, and the castell so well fortifyed, 
that it was nat lykely to passe there ; the Frenche kynghadde 
so well defended the passages, to thentent that the kyng 
of Englande shulde nat passe the ryver of Somme to fight 
with hym at his advauntage or els to famysshe hym there. 
Whane these two marshals had assayed in all places to 
fynde passage and coude fynde none, they retourned agayne 
to the king, and shewed howe they coude fynde no passage 
in no place; the same night the Frenche kynge came to 
Amyense, with mo than a hundred M. men. The kynge of 
Englande was right pensyfe, and the next morning harde 
masse before the sonne rysinge and than dysloged ; and 
00 289 


CAP. CXXVI every man folowed the marshals baners, and so rode in the 
How the countrey of Vimewe, aprochynge to the good towne of 

French kyng Abvyle, and founde a towne therby, wherunto was come 
folowed the moche people of the countrey in trust of a lytell defence 
l^i^kiBe^- ^^^^ ^^^ there; but thenglysshmen anone wanne it, and all 
voysinoys. they that were within slayne, and many taken of the towne 
and of the countrey ; the kynge toke his lodgynge in a great 
hospytall that was there. The same day the French e kynge 
departed fro Amyense, and came to Araynes about noone, 
and thenglysshmen were departed thense in the mornyng. 
The Frenchmen founde there great provisyon that the 
Englysshmen had left behynde them, bycause they departed 
in hast ; there they founde flesshe redy on the broches, 
brede and pastyes in the ovyns, wyne in tonnes and barelles, 
and the tabuls redy layed. There the Frenche kyng lodged 
and taryed for his lordes : that nyght the kyng of England 
was lodged at Osyement. At nyght whane the two 
marshalles were retourned, (who had that day overronne the 
countrey to the gates of Abvyl and to saynt Valery, and 
made a great skirmysshe there,) than the kynge assembled 
togyder his counsayle and made to be brought before hym 
certayne prisoners of the countrey of Ponthieu and of 
Vymeu. The kyng right curtesly demaunded of theym if 
ther were any among them that knewe any passage byneth 
Abvyle, that he and his boost might passe over the ryver of 
Somme ; yf he wolde shewe hym therof, he shulde be quyte 
of his raunsome, and xx. of his company for his love. Ther 
was a varlet called Gobyn a Grace, who stept forthe and 
sayde to the kyng. Sir, I promyse you on the jeopardy of 
my heed I shall bringe you to suche a place, where as ye 
and all your boost shall passe the ryver of Some without 
paryll. There be certayne places in the passage that ye shall 
passe xii. men a front two tymes bytwene day and nyght, 
ye shall nat go in the water to the knees : but whan the 
fludde Cometh, the ryver than waxeth so gret, that no man 
can passe ; but whan the fludde is gon, the whiche is two 
tymes bytwene day and nyght, than the ryver is so lowe that 
it may be passed without danger, bothe a horsebacke and a 
fote. The passage is harde in the botom with whyte stones, 
so that all your caryage may go surely ; therfore the passage 


is called Blanch Taque ; and ye make redy to departe be CAP. CXXVI 
tymes, ye may be ther by the sonne rysinge. The kynge How the 
sayde, If this be trewe that ye say, I quyte thee thy raunsome French kyng 
and all thy company, and moreover shall gyve thee a hundred ^^'^owed the 
nobles : than the kynge commaunded every man to be redy la^^hiBeau- 
at the sounde of the tinimpette to departe. voysinoys. 


Of the batayle of Blanchtaque bytwene the kyng 
of Englande and sir Godmar du Fay. 

THE kyng of Englande slepte nat moche that nyght, 
for atte mydnight he arose and sowned his trumpette; 
than incontynent they made redy caryages and all 
thynges, and atte the brekynge of the day they departed 
fro the towne of Oysement, and rode after the guydinge of 
Gobyn a Grace, so that they came by the sonne rysing to 
Blanch Taque; but as than the fludde was uppe so that 
they might nat passe ; so the kynge taryed there tyll it was 
prime, than the ebbe came. The Frenche kyng had his 
currours in the countrey, who brought hym worde of the 
demeanoure of the Englysshmen ; than he thought to close 
the kyng of Englande bytwene Abvyle and the ryver of 
Some, and so to fyght with hym at his pleasure. And whan 
he was at Amyense he had ordayned a great barowne of 
Normandy, called sir Godmar du Fay, to go and kepe the 
passage of Blanche Taque, where the Englysshmen must 
passe, or els in none other place. He had with hym M. men 
of armes and sixe thousand a fote, with the Genowayes ; 
soo they went by saynt Reyngnyer ^ in Ponthieu, and fro ^ Riquier. 
thens to Crotay, wher as the passage lay ; and also he had 
with hym a great nombre of men of the countrey, and also 
a great nombre of theym of M utterell ; ^ so that they were ^ Montreuii. 
a twelfe thousand men one and other. Whan the Englysshe 
boost was come thyder, sir Godmar du Fay araunged all his 
company to defende the passage : the kyng of England lette 
nat for all that ; but whane the fludde was gone, he com- 
maunded his marshals to entre into the water in the name 
of God and saynt George. Than they that were hardy and 


CAP. coragyous entred on bothe parties, and many a man reversed ; 

CXXVII ^jnjgj. were some of the Frenchmen of Arthoyes and Pycardy, 

Of the batayle that were as gladde to iuste in the water as on the drie 

01 Biancn- lande. The Frenchemen defended so well the passage at the 

to /J lip 1 O 

■ yssuing out of the water, that they had moche to do : the 

Genowayes dyde them great trouble with their crosbowes ; 
on thother syde the archers of Englande shotte so holly 
togyder, that the Frenchmen were fayne to gyve place to the 
Englysshmen. There was a sore batayle, and many a noble 
feate of armes done on both sydes ; finally thenglysshraen 
passed over and assembled togyder in the felde ; the kynge 
and the prince passed and all the lordes : than the French- 
men kept none array, but departed he that myght best. 
Whan sir Godmar sawe that dysconfiture, he fledde and 
saved hymselfe ; some fledde to Abvyle and some to saynt 
Raygnyer; they that were there a fote coude nat flee, so 
that ther were slayne a great nombre of them of Abvyle, 
Muttrell, Arras, and of saynt Raygnier : the chase endured 
more than a great leag. And as yet all the Englysshmen 
were nat passed the ryver, and certayne currours of the kyng 
of Behayne and of sir John of Heynault came on them that 
were behynd, and toke certayn horses and caryages and 
slewe dyvers or they coude take the passage. The French 
kyng the same mornynge was departed fro Araynes, trustyng 
to have founde thenglysshmen bytwene hym and the ryver 
of Some ; but whan he harde howe that sir Godmar du Fay 
and his company were dysconfyted, he taryed in the felde 
and demaunded of his marshals what was best to do. They 
sayd. Sir, ye can nat passe the ryver but at the brige of 
Abvyll, for the fludde is come in at Blanche taque. Than he 
retourned and lodged at Abvyle. The kyng of Englande 
whan he was past the ryver, he thanked God, and so rode 
forthe in lyke maner as he dyde before. Than he called 
Gobyn a Grace, and dyd quyte hym his ransome and all his 
company, and gave hym a hundred nobles and a good horse. 
And so the kynge rode forthe fayre and easely, and thought 
to have lodged in a great town called Norell; but whan 
he knewe that the towne pertayned to the countesse of 
1 WAvmaie. Dammerle,^ suster to the lorde Robert of Arthoys, the kyng 
assured the towne and countrey as moche as pertayned to 


her, and so went forthe ; and his marshalles rode to Crotay CAP. 

on the see syde and brent the towne, and founde in the CXXVII 

havyn many shippes and barkes charged with wynes of ^^ *he batayle 

Poyctou,^ pertayning to the marchauntes of Xaynton and ^^l^'ic'i- 

of Rochell : they brought the best therof to the kynges ' 

host. Than one of the marshals rode to the gates of^^^'^**"^' 

Abvyle, and fro thens to saynt Reygnier, and after to the 

towne of Rue saynt Esperyte. This was on a Friday, and 

bothe batayls of the marshals retourned to the kynges boost 

about noone, and so lodged all toguyder nere to Cressy in 

Ponthieu. The kynge of Englande was well enfourmed 

ho we the Frenche kyng folowed after hym to fight. Than 

he sayd to his company, Lette us take here some plotte of 

grounde, for we wyll go no farther tylle we have sene our 

ennemyes ; I have good cause here to abyde them, for I am 

on the ryght herytage of the quene my mother, the which 

lande was gyven at her maryage ; I woll chalenge it of myne 

adversary Philyppe of Valoys. And bycause that he had 

nat the eyght part in nombre of men as the Frenche kyng 

had, therfore he commaunded his marshals to chose a plotte 

of grounde somwhat for his advauntage ; and so they dyde, 

and thyder the kynge and his boost went ; than he sende 

his currours to Abvyle, to se if the Frenche kyng drewe 

that day into the felde or natte. They went forthe and 

retourned agayne, and sayde howe they coude se none 

aparence of his commyng ; than every man toke their 

lodgyng for that day, and to be redy in the mornynge, at 

the sound of the trumpet, in the same place. This Friday 

the Frenche kynge taryed styll in Abvyle abyding for his 

company, and sende his two marshals to ryde out to se the 

dealyng of thenglysshmen ; and at nyght they retourned, 

and sayde howe the Englysshmen were lodged in the feldes. 

That nyght the Frenche kyng made a supper to all the chefe 

lordes that were ther with hym ; and after supper, the kyng 

desyred them to be frendes ech to other : the kyng loked 

for the erle of Savoy, who shulde come to hym with a 

thousande speares, for he had receyved wages for a thre 

monethes of them at Troy in Campaigne. 




1 Oxford. 

2 Mohun. 

3 Burghersh. 

* Latimer. 



Of the order of the Englysshmen at Cressy, and 
howe they made thre batayls a fote. 

ON the Friday, as I sayd before, the kyng of Englande 
lay in the feldes, for the contrey was plentyfuU of 
wynes and other vytayle, and if nede had ben, 
they had provisyon folowyng in cartes and other caryages. 
That night the kyng made a supper to all his chefe lordes 
of his boost and made them gode chere: and whan they 
were all departed to take their rest, than the kynge entred 
into his oratorie, and kneled downe before the auter, prayeng 
God devoutly, that if he fought the next day, that he might 
achyve the journey to his honour; than aboute mydnight 
he layde hym downe to rest, and in the mornynge he rose 
betymes and harde masse, and the prince his sonne with 
hym, and the moste part of his company were confessed and 
houseled : and after the masse sayde, he commaunded every 
man to be armed and to drawe to the felde to the same 
place before apoynted. Than the kyng caused a parke to be 
made by the wode syde behynde his boost, and ther was 
set all cartes and caryages, and within the parke were all 
their horses, for every man was a fote ; and into this parke 
there was but one entre. Than he ordayned thre batayls ; 
in the first was the yonge prince of Wales, with hym the 
erle of Warwyke and Canforde,^ the lorde Godfray of Hare- 
court, sir Reynolde Cobham, sir Thomas Holande, the lorde 
StafForde, the lorde of Manny,^ the lorde Dalaware, sir 
John Chandos, sir Bartylmewe de Bomes,^ sir Robert Nevyll, 
the lorde Thomas Clyfforde, the lorde Bourchier, the lorde de 
la Tumyer,* and dyvers other knyghtes and squyers that I can 
nat name ; they wer an viii. hundred men of armes and two 
thousande archers, and a thousande of other with the 
Walsshmen : every lorde drue to the felde apoynted, under 
his owne baner and penone. In the second batayle was 
therle of Northampton, the erle of Arundell, the lorde 
Rosse, the lorde Lygo,^ the lorde Wylloughby, the lorde 
Basset, the lorde of saynt Aubyne, sir Loyes Tueton, the 


lorde of Myleton, the lorde de la Sell, and dyvers other, CAP. 

about an eight hundred men of armes and twelfe hundred CXXVIII 

archers. The thirde batayle had the kyng : he had sevyn ^^ t^e 

hundred men of armes and two thousande archers : than ^^^I of the 

the kyng lept on a hobby, with a whyte rodde in his hand, at^Cressy™^" 

one of his marshals on the one hande and the other on the 

other hand; he rode fro renke to renke, desyringe every 

man to take hede that day to his right and honour. He 

spake it so swetely, and with so good countenance and mery 

chere, that all suche as were dysconfited toke courage in 

the seyng and heryng of hym. And whan he had thus 

visyted all his batayls, it was than nyne of the day ; than 

he caused every man to eate and drinke a lytell, and so 

they dyde at their leaser. And afterwarde they ordred 

agayne their bataylles : than every man lay downe on the 

yerth and by hym his salet and bowe, to be the more 

fressher whan their ennemyes shulde come. 


Thorder of the Frenchmen at Cressy, and ho we they 
behelde the demeanour of thenglysshmen. 

THIS Saturday the Frenche kynge rose betymes, and 
harde masse in Abvyle in his lodgyng in the 
abbey of saynt Peter, and he departed after the 
Sonne rysing. Whan he was out of the towne two leages, 
aprochyng towarde his ennemyes, some of his lordes sayd to 
hym, Sir, it were good that ye ordred your batayls, and let 
all your fotemen passe somwhat on before, that they be nat 
troubled with the horsemen. Than the kyng sent iiii. 
knyghtes, thq Moyne Bastell, the lorde of Noyers, the lorde 
of Beaujewe, and the lorde Dambegny to ryde to aviewe 
thenglysshe hoste, and so they rode so nere that they might 
well se part of their dealyng. Thenglysshmen sawe them 
well and knewe well howe they, were come thyder to avieu 
them ; they let them alone and made no countenance towarde 
them, and let them retourne as they came. And whan the 
Frenche ^yng sawe these foure knyghtes retourne agayne, he 
taryed tyll they came to hym, and sayd, Sirs, what tidynges. 



CAP. CXXIX These four knyghtes eche of them loked on other, for ther 
Thorder of was none wolde speke before his companyon ; finally, the 
the French- kyng sayd to Moyne, who pertayned to the kyng of 
men at Behaygne, and had done in his dayes so moch, that he was 

""^ssy. reputed for one of the valyantest knyghtes of the worlde, 

Sir, speke you. Than he sayd. Sir, I shall speke, syth it 
pleaseth you, under the correction of my felawes; sir, we 
have ryden and sene the behavyng of your ennemyes ; knowe 
ye for trouth they are rested in thre batayls abidyng for 
you. Sir, I woll counsell you as for my part, savynge your 
dyspleasure, that you and all your company rest here and 
lodg for this nyght, for or they that be behynde of your 
company be come hyther, and or your batayls be set in gode 
order, it wyll be very late, and your people be wery and 
out of array, and ye shall fynde your ennemis fresshe and 
redy to receyve you. Erly in the mornynge ye may order 
your bataylles at more leaser, and advyse your ennemis at 
more delyberacyon, and to regarde well what way ye woll 
assayle theym, for sir, surely they woll abyde you. Than the 
kynge commaunded that it shuld be so done ; than his ii. 
marshals one rode before, another behynde, sayeng to every 
baner, Tary and abyde here in the name of God and saynt 
Denys. They that were formast taryed, but they that were 
behynde wolde nat tary, but rode forthe, and sayd howe 
they wolde in no wyse abyde tyll they were as ferr forward 
as the formast : and whan they before sawe them come on 
behynde, than they rode forward agayne, so that the kyng 
nor his marshals coude nat rule them. So they rode without 
d^der or good aray, tyll they came in sight of their 
ennemyes ; and assone as the formast sawe them, they 
reculed them abacke without good aray; wherof they behynde 
had marvell and were abasshed, and thought that the 
formast company had ben fightynge ; than they might have 
had leaser and rome to have gone forwarde if they had lyst ; 
some went forthe, and some abode styll. The commons, of 
whom all the wayes bytwene Abvyle and Cressy were full, 
whan they sawe that they were nere to their ennemies, they 
toke their swerdes, and cryed Downe with them, let us sle 
them all. Ther was no man, though he were present at the 
journey, that coude ymagen or shewe the trouth of the 


yvell order that was among the Frenche partie, and yet they CAP. CXXIX 
were a mervelous great n ombre. That I write in this boke Thorder of 
I lerned it specially of the Englysshmen, who well behelde t^e French- 
their dealyng ; and also certayne knyghtes of sir Johan of ^®^ ** 
Heynaultes, who was alwayes about kyng Philyppe, shewed '^^^' 
me as they knewe. 


Of the batayle of Cressy bytwene the kyng of 
England and the Frenche kyng. 

THENGLYSSHMEN who were in thre batayls, lyeng 
on the grounde to rest them, assone as they saw 
the Frenchmen aproche, they rose upon their fete 
fayre and easely without any hast, and aranged their 
batayls : the first, which was the princes batell, the archers 
there stode in maner of a herse and the men of armes in 
the botome of the batayle. Therle of Northampton and 
therle of Arundell with the second batell were on a wyng 
in good order, redy to confort the princes batayle, if nede 
were. The lordes and knyghtes of France came nat to the 
assemble togyder in good order, for some came before and 
some came after, in such hast and yvell order, that one of 
them dyd trouble another. Whan the French kyng sawe the 
Englysshmen, his blode chaunged, and sayde to his marshals, 
Make the Genowayes go on before, and begynne the batayle 
in the name of God and saynt Denyse. Ther were of the 
Genowayes crosbowes, about a fiftene thousand, but they 
were so wery of goyng a fote that day a six leages armed 
with their crosbowes, that they sayde to their constables, We 
be nat well ordred to fyght this day, for we be nat in the 
case to do any great dede of armes, we have more nede of 
rest. These wordes came to the erle of Alanson, who sayd, A 
man is well at ease to be charged with suche a sorte of -» 
rascalles, to be faynt and fayle nowe at moost nede. Also ^ "" 
the same season there fell a great rayne and a clyps with a 
terryble thonder, and before the rayne ther came fleyng 
over bothe batayls a great nombre of crowes, for feare of 
the tempest commynge. Than anone the eyre beganne to 
PP 297 


CAP. CXXX waxe clere, and the sonne to shyne fayre and bright, the 

Of the which was right in the Frenchmens eyen and on the Englyssh- 

batayle of mens backes. Whan the Genowayes were assembled toguyder, 

Cressy. ^^^ beganne to aproche, they made a great leape and crye 

to abasshe thenglysshmen, but they stode styll and styredde 

nat for all that. Thane the Genowayes agayne the seconde 

tyme made another leape and a fell crye, and stepped for- 

warde a lytell, and thenglysshmen remeved nat one fote. 

Thirdly, agayne they leapt and cryed, and went forthe tyll 

they came within shotte : thane they shotte feersly with 

their crosbowes. Than thenglysshe archers stept forthe one 

pase, and lette fly their arowes so holly and so thycke, that 

it semed snowe. Whan the Genowayes felte the arowes 

persynge through heedes, armes and brestes, many of them 

cast downe their crosbowes and dyde cutte their strynges, 

and retourned dysconfited. Whan the Frenche kynge sawe 

them flye away, he sayd, Slee these rascals, for they shall 

lette and trouble us without reason. Than ye shulde have 

sene the men of armes dasshe in amonge them and kylled a 

great nombre of them ; and ever styll the Englysshmen shot 

where as they sawe thyckest preace : the sharpe arowes ranne 

into the men of armes and into their horses, and many fell, 

horse and men, amonge the Genowayes, and whan they 

were downe, they coude nat relyve agayne, the preace was 

so thycke that one overthrewe another. And also amonge 

the Englysshemen there were certayne rascalles that went a 

fote with great knyves, and they went in among the men of 

armes, and slewe and murdredde many as they lay on the 

grounde, bothe erles, barownes, knyghtes, and squyers, 

wherof the kyng of Englande was after dyspleased, for he 

^ had rather they had bene taken prisoners. The valyant 

kyng of Behaygne, called Charles of Luzenbourge, sonne to 

the noble emperour Henry of Luzenbourge, for all that he 

was nyghe bjynde, whan he understode the order of the 

batayle, he sayde to them about hym. Where is the lorde 

Charles my son. His men sayde, Sir, we can nat tell, we 

thynke he be fightynge. Than he sayde. Sirs, ye ar my men, 

my companyons, and frendes in this journey, I requyre you 

bring me so farre forwarde, that I may stryke one stroke 

with my swerde. They sayde they wolde do his commaunde- 



ment^ and to the intent that they shulde nat lese hym in CAP. CXXX 
the prease, they tyed all their raynes of their bridelles eche Of the 
to other, and sette the kynge before to acomplysshe his batayle of 
desyre, and so thei went on their ennemyes. The lorde Cressy. 
Charles of Behaygne his sonne, who wrote hymselfe kyng of 
Almaygne,^ and bare the armes, he came in good order to the ^ Behaygne P. 
batayle ; but whane he sawe that the matter wente awrie on 
their partie, he departed, I can nat tell you whiche waye. 
The kynge his father was so farre fore warde, that he strakea 
stroke with his swerde, ye and mo than foure, and fought 
valyantly and so dyde his company ; and they adventured 
themselfe so forwarde, that they were ther all slayne, and 
the next day they were founde in the place about the kyng, 
and all their horses tyed eche to other. The erle of Alan- 
sone came to the batayle right ordynatly and fought with 
thenglysshraen ; and the erle of Flaunders also on his parte ; 
these two lordes with their companyes coosted the Englysshe 
archers and came to the princes batayle, and there fought 
valyantly longe. The Frenche kynge wolde fayne have 
come thyder whanne he sawe their baners, but there was * 
a great hedge of archers before hym. The same day the 
Frenche kynge hadde gyven a great blacke courser to sir 
Johan of Heynault, and he made the lorde Johan of Fussels ^ ' SemeUle. 
to ryde on hym, and to here his banerre. The same horse 
tooke the bridell in the tethe, and brought hym through all 
the currours of thenglysshmen, and as he wolde have re- 
tourned agayne, he fell in a great dyke and was sore hurt, 
and had ben ther deed, and his page had nat ben, who 
folowed hym through all the batayls and sawe wher his 
maister lay in the dyke, and had none other lette but for 
his horse, for thenglysshmen wolde nat yssue out of their 
batayle, for takyng of any prisoner ; thane the page alyghted 
and rely ved his maister ; than he went nat backe agayn the 
same way that they came, there was to many in his way. 
This batayle bytwene Broy and Cressy this Saturday was 
ryght cruell and fell, and many a feat of armes done that 
came nat to my knowledge. In the night dyverse knyghtes 
and squyers lost their maisters, and somtyme came on 
thenglysshmen, who receyved theym in suche wyse, that 
they were ever niffhe slayne, for there was none taken to 
^ B ^ » 299 




CAP. CXXX mercy nor to raunsome, for so the Englysshmen were deter- 
Of the myned. In the mornyng the day of the batayle certayne 

batayle of Frenchemen and Almaygnes perforce opyned the archers of 
Cressy. ^^ princes batayle, and came and fought with the men 

of armes hande to hande. Than the seconde batayle of 
thenglysshmen came to socour the princes batayle, the 
whiche was tyme, for they had as than moche ado ; and 
they with the prince sent a messanger to the kynge, who 
was on a lytell wyndmyll hyll. Than the knyght sayd to the 
kyng, Sir, therle of Warwyke, and therle of Canfort,^ sir 
Reynolde Cobham and other, suche as be about the prince 
your Sonne, ar feersly fought with all and are sore handled, 
wherfore they desyre you that you and your batayle wolle 
come and ayde them ; for if the Frenchmen encrease, as they 
dout they woll, your sonne and they shall have moche ado. 
Than the kynge sayde. Is my sonne deed or hurt, or on the 
yerthe felled ? No sir, quoth the knyght, but he is hardely 
matched, wherfore he hathe nede of your ayde. Well, sayde 
the kyng, retourne to hym, and to them that sent you 
hyther, and say to them that they sende no more to me for 
any adventure that falleth, as long as my sonne is alyve ; 
and also say to them that they suffre hym this day to wynne 
his spurres ; for if God be pleased, I woll this journey be his 
and the honoure therof, and to them that be aboute hynj..- 
Than the knyght retourned agayn to them, and shewed "tte 
kjTiges wordes, the which gretly encouraged them, and 
repoyned in that they had sende to the kynge as they dyd. 
Sir Godfray of Harecourt wolde gladly that the erle of 
Harecourt his brother myght have bene saved ; for he hard 
say by them that sawe his baner, howe that he was ther in 
the felde on the Frenche partie, but sir Godfray coude nat 
come to hym betymes, for he was slayne or he coude come 
at hym, and so was also the erle of Almare,^ his nephue. 
In another place, the erle of Alenson, and therle of Flaunders, 
fought valyantly, every lorde under his owne baner; but 
finally, they coude nat resyst agaynst the puyssaunce of the 
Englysshemen, and so ther they were also slayne, and dyvers 
other knyghtes and squyers. Also therle Lewes of Bloyes, 
nephue to the Frenche kyng, and the duke of Lorayne 
fought under their baners, but at last they were closed in 

3 Avmale. 



among a company of Englysshmen and Walsshemen, and CAP. CXXX 

there were slayne, for all their prowes. Also there was Of the 

slajrne the erle of Ausser, therle of saynt Poule and many batayle of 

bther. In the evenynge the Frenche kynge, who had lefte ^""cssy. 

about hym no mo than a threscore persons, one and other, 

wherof sir John of Heynalt was one, who had remounted 

ones the kynge, for his horse was slayne with an arowe ; than ' 

he sayde to the kynge. Sir, departe hense, for it is tyme ; 

lese nat yourselfe wylfuUy ; if ye have losse at this tyme, ye 

shall recover it agayne another season. And soo he toke the 

kynges horse by the bridell, and ledde hym away in a maner 

perforce. Than the kyng rode tyll he came to the castell of 

Broy. The gate was closed, bycause it was by that tyme 

darke; than the kynge called the captayne, who came to 

the walles, and sayd, Who is that calleth there this tyme of 

nyght. Than the kynge sayde, Opyn your gate quickely, for 

this is the fortune of Fraunce. The captayne knewe than it 

was the kyng, and opyned the gate, and let downe the 

bridge ; than the kyng entred, and he had with hym but 

fyve barownes, sir Johan of Heynault, sir Charles of Mo- 

morency, the lorde of Beaujewe, the lorde Dabegny, and 

the lorde of Mountfort. The kynge wolde nat tary there, 

but dranke and departed thense about mydnyght, and so 

rode by suche guydes as knewe the countrey, tyll he came 

in the mornynge to Amyense, and there he rested. This 

Saturday, the Englysshemen never departed fro their batayls 

for chasynge of any man, but kept styll their felde, and 

ever defended themselfe agaynst all such as came to assayle 

them. This batayle ended aboute evynsonge tyme. 

^O^A.^ U^( Co^ &^-J^A^ t^tW ^fl^. io^tf^ ^.^^ 





Howe the next day after the batell the Englyssh- 
men disconfyted dyverse Frenchemen. 

N this Saturday, whan the nyght was come and that 
thenglysshmen hard no more noyse of the Frenche- 
men, than they reputed themselfe to have the 
vyctorie, and the Frenchmen to be dysconfited, slayne and 
fledde away. Than they made great fyers and lyghted up 
torchesse and candelles, bycause it was very darke ; than the 
kyng avayled downe fro the lytell hyll where as he stode ; 
and of ^11 that day tyll than, his helme came never of on his 
heed," Than he went with all his batayle to his sonne the 
prince and enbrased hym in his armes and kyst hym, and 
sayde, Fayre sonne, God gyve you good perseverance ; ye ar 
my good son, thus ye have aquyted you nobly ; ye ar worthy 
to kepe a realme ; the prince inclyned himselfe to the yerthe, 
honouryng the kyng his father^^ This night they thanked 
God for their good adventure and made no boost therof, for 
the kynge wolde that no manne shulde be proude or make 
boost, but every man humbly to thanke God. On the 
Sonday in the mornyng there was suche a myst, that a man 
myght nat se the bredethe of an acre of lande fro hym. Than 
there departed fro the boost, by the commaundement of the 
kyng and marshalles fyve hundred speares and two thousand 
archers, to se if they might se any Frenchemen gathered 
agayne togyder in any place. The same mornyng out of 
Abvyle and saynt Reyngnyer in Ponthieu, the commons of 
^ Beauvais. Rone, and of Beaujoys,^ yssued out of their townes, natte 
knowyng of the dysconfiture the day before. They met with 
thenglysshmen, wenyng they had bene Frenchmen ; and 
whan thenglysshmen sawe them, they sette on them fresshly, 
and there was a sore batayle, but at last the Frenchemen 
fledde and kept none array. Their were slayne in the wayes 
and in hedges and busshes, mo thane sevyn thousande, 
and if the day had ben clere, there had never a one scaped. 
Anone after, another company of Frenchmen were mette by 
the Englysshmen, the archebysshoppe of Rone, and the 



great priour of Fraunce, who also knewe nothynge of the CAP. CXXXI 
dysconfiture the day before, for they harde that the Frenche Howe the 
kynge shulde a fought the same Sonday, and they were goynge next day after 
thyderwarde. Whane they mette with the Englysshmen, ^® ^**®{J *^® 
there was a great batayle, for they were a great nombre, but disconfyted^" 
they coude nat endure agaynst the Englysshmen, for they dyverse 
were nyghe all slayne, fewe scaped, the two lordes were Frenchemen. 
slayne. This mornyng thenglysshmen mette with dyverse 
Frenchmen, that had loste their way on the Saturday and 
had layen all nyght in the feldes, and wyst nat where the 
kyng was nor the captayns. They were all slayne, as many as 
were met with ; ana it was shewed me, that of the commons 
and men a fote of the cyties and good townes of France, 
ther was slayne foure tymes as many as were slayne the 
Saturday in the great batayle. 


How the next day after the batayle of Cressey they 
that were deed were nombred by thenglysshmen. 

THE same Sonday, as the kyng of Englande came fro 
masse, suche as had ben sente forthe retourned and 
shewed the kyng what they had sene and done, and 
sayde. Sir, we thinke surely ther is now no more aparence of 
any of our ennemyes. Than the kyng sende to serche howe 
many were slayne, and what they were. Sir Reynolde 
Cobham, and sir Richard StafForde with thre haraldes went 
to serche the felde and contrey ; they visyted all them that 
were slayne and rode all day in the feldes, and retourned 
agayne to the boost as the kyng was goynge to supper: 
they made just report of that they had sene, and sayde 
howe ther were xi. great princes deed, fourscore baners, 
xii. C. knyghtes, and mo than xxx. thousande other. 
Thenglysshmen kept styll their felde all that nyght ; 
on the Monday in the mornyng the kyng prepared to 
depart. The kyng caused the deed bodyes of the great 
lordes to be taken up, and conveyed to Mutterell, and 
there buryed in holy grounde, and made a crye in the 
countrey to graunt truse for thre dayes, to thyntent that 




How the 
next day after 
the batayle of 
Cressey they 
that were deed 
were nombred 

1 Waben. 

2 Wissant. 


they of the countrey might serche the felde of Cressy to 
bury the deed bodyes. Than the kyiige went forthe and 
came before the towne of Muttrell, by the see, and his 
marshals ranne towarde Hedyn and brent Vambam,^ and 
Seram, but they dyd nothyng to the castell, it was so 
strong and so well kept ; they lodged that night on the 
ryver of Hedyn, towardes Blangy. The next day they 
rode towarde Bolayne and came to the towne of Wysame,'' 
there the kyng and the prince lodged, and taryed there a 
day to refresshe his men ; and on the Wednysday the kyng 
came before the stronge towne of Calys. 

2 De la Motte, 
■^ Wierre. 

" Temoia. 


Howe the kyng of Englande layd siege to Calys, 

and howe all the poore people were put out of 

the towne. 

IN the towne of Calys ther was captayne a knyght of 
Burgone, called sir John de Vien, and with hym was 
sir Andrewe Dandrehen, sir John de Sury, sir Bardon 
de Belborne, sir Godfray de Lament,^ sir Pepyn de Urmue,* 
and dyvers other knyghtes and squyers. Whan the kyng 
of England was come before Calys, he layd his siege and 
ordayned bastides bytwene the towne and the ryver; he 
made carpenters to make houses and lodgynges of great 
tymbre, and set the houses lyke stretes and coverd them 
with rede and brome, so that it was lyke a lytell towne ; and 
there was every thynge to sell, and a markette place to 
be kept every Tuesday and Saturday for flesshe and fyssh, 
mercery ware, houses for cloth, for bredde, wyne, and all 
other thjTiges necessarie, such as came out of England 
or out of Flanders ; ther they might bye what they lyst. 
Thenglysshmen ran often tymes into the countrey of Guynes, 
and into Trivynois," and to the gates of saynt Omers, and 
somtyme to Boleyn : they brought into their boost great 
prayes. The kyng wolde nat assayle the towne of Calys, for 
he thought it but a lost labour ; he spared his peple and his 
artillery, and sayd, howe he wolde famysshe them in the 
towne with long siege, without the French kyng come and 


reyse his siege perforce. Whan the capten of Calys sawe CAP. 
the maner and thorder of thenglysshmen, than he constrajnied CXXXIII 
all poore and meane peple to yssue out of the towne : and Howe the 
on a Wednysday ther yssued out of men, women, and j ^"^ ? J^^' 
chyldren, mo than xvii, C. and as they passed through thegig^g^-o 
hoost they were demaunded why they departed, and they Calys. 
answered and sayde, bycause they had nothyng to lyve on. 
Than the kyng dyd them that grace, that he suffred them to 
passe through his host without danger, and gave them mete 
and drinke to dyner, and every person ii.d. sterlyng in almes, 
for the which dyvers many of them prayed for the kynges 


Howe the duke of Normandy brake up his siege 
before Aguyllon. 

THE duke of Normandy beyng at sege before the 
strong castell of Aguyllon, so it was that about the 
myddes of Auguste, he made a great assaut to 
the castell so that the most part of his host were at the 
assaut. Thyder was come newely the lorde Philyp of Bur- 
gone, erle of Arthoys and of Bolone, and cosyn germayn to 
the duke of Normandy. He was as than a yong lusty knyght, 
and assone as the skirmyssh was begon, he toke his horse 
with the spurres, and came on the skirmysshe warde, and 
the horse toke the bytte in his teth, and bare away his 
maister, and stumbled in a dyke and fell horse and man : 
the knyght was so brosed with the fall, that he had never 
helthe after, but dyed of the same hurt. Than anone after 
the Frenche kyng sent for his sonne the duke of Normandy, 
comm'aundynge hym in any wyse to breke up his siege 
before Aguyllon, and to retourne into Fraunce, to defende 
his herytage fro thenglysshmen ; and therupon the duke 
toke counsayle of the lordes that were there with hym 
what was best to do, for he hadde promysed nat to depart 
thens tyll he had wone the castell, but the lordes coun- 
sayled hym, sythe the kynge his father had sende for hym 
to depart. Than the next day betymes the Frenchemen 
trussed bagge and baggage in great hast, and departed 
QQ 305 



Howe the 
duke of 
brake up his 
siege before 


towarde France: than they that were within the fortresse 
yssued out with the penon of the lorde Gaultiers of Manny 
before them ; they dasshed in amonge the hynder company 
of the Frenchemen, and slewe and toke dyverse of theym, 
to the nombre of threscore, and brought them into their 
fortres, and by those prisoners they knewe of the journey 
that the kynge of Englande had made that season into 
Fraunce, and howe that he lay at siege before Calys. 

Or the French kyng departed fro Amyense to Parys warde 
after the batayle of Cressy, he was so sore dyspleasedde with 
sir Godmar du Fay, bycause the kynge sayd he dyd nat his 
dever truely in kepyng of the passage of Blanch taque wher 
as thenglysshmen passed over the ryver of Some, so that 
if the French king coud a gette hym in that hete, it wold 
have cost hym his heed : and dyvers of the kynges counsell 
wolde that he shuld a dyed, and sayd he was a tretor, and 
causer of that great losse that the kynge had at Cressy. 
But sir John of Heynault excused hym and refrayned the 
kynges yvell wyll, for he sayd howe coulde it lye in his 
power to resyst the hole puysance of thenglysshmen, whan 
all the floure of the realme of Fraunce togyder coude nat 
resyst them. Than anone after came to the kynge and to 
the quene the duke of Normandy who was well receyved 
with them. 


Howe sir Gaultier of Manny rode through all 
Fraunce by save conduct to Calys. 

IT was nat long after, but that sir Gaultier of Manny 
fell in communycation with a knyght of Normandy, 
who was his prisoner, and demaunded of hym what 
money he wolde pay for his raunsome. The knyght answered 
and sayde he wolde gladly pay thre M. crownes. Well, 
quoth the lorde Gaultyer, I knowe well ye be kynne to 
the duke of Normandy and wel beloved with hym, that I 
am sure, and if I wolde sore oppresse you, I am sure ye 
wolde gladly pay x. thousand crownes, but I shall deale 
otherwyse with you. I woU trust you on your faythe and 
promyse ; ye shall go to the duke your lorde, and by your 


meanes gette a save conduct for me and xx. other of my CAP. 
company to ryde through Fraunce to Calys, payeng curtesly CXXXV 
for all our expenses. And if ye can get this of the duke or Howe sir 
of the kyng, I shall clerely quyte you your ransome with ^^ultier of 
moche thanke, for I greatly desyre to se the kynge my maister, th^ouJh^all^ 
nor I wyll lye but one nyght in a place, tyll I come there ; Fraunce by 
and if ye can nat do this, retourne agayn hyder within a save conduct 
moneth, and yelde yourself styll as my prisoner. The knyght *^ Calys. 
was content and so went to Parys to the duke his lorde, 
and he obtayned this pasport for sir Gaul tier of Manny, 
and XX. horse with hym all onely : this knyght retourned to 
Aguyllon, and brought it to sir Gaultier, andther he quyted 
the knyght Norman of his raunsome. Than anone after, 
sir Gaultier toke his way and xx. horse with hym, and so 
rode through Auvergne and whan he taryed in any place, 
he shewed his letter and so was lette passe but whan he 
came to Orleaunce, for all his letter he was arested and 
brought to Parys, and there put in prison in the Chatelet. 
Whan the duke of Normandy knewe therof, he went to the 
kynge his father and shewed him howe sir Gaultier of 
Manny had his save conduct, wherfore he requyred the 
kynge as moche as he might to delyver hym, or els it 
shulde be sayde howe he had betrayed hym. The kyng 
answered and sayd howe he shulde be put to dethe, for he 
reputed hym for his great ennemy. Than sayd the duke, Sir, 
if ye do so, surely I shall never here armour agaynst the 
kynge of Englande, nor all suche as I may let. And at his 
departyng, he sayd, that he wolde never entre agayn into 
the kynges host : thus the mater stode a certayne tyme. 
There was a knyght of Heynalt, called sir Mansart de Sue ;^ ^ Mansart 
he purchased all that he myght to helpe sir Water of ^'^^'^^ 
Manny, and went often in and out to the duke of Normandy. 
Finally, the kyng was so counselled, that he was delyverd 
out of prison and all his costes payed : and the kynge sende 
for hym to his lodgyng of Nesle in Parys, and there he 
dyned with the kynge, and the kynge presented hym great 
gyftes and jewels, to the value of a thousand floreyns. Sir 
Gaultier of Manny receyved them on a condycion, that whan 
he cam to Cales, that if the kyng of Englande his maister 
were pleased that he shulde take them, than he was content 




Howe sir 
Gaultier of 
Manny rode 
through all 
Fraunce hy 
save conduct 
to Calys. 

1 Mansart 

2 Rauzan. 

3 Curton. 
* Tastes. 


to kepe them, or els to sende them agayne to the Frenche 
kyng, who sayd he spake lyke a noble man. Thane he toke 
his leave and departed, and rode so long by his journeys 
that he came into Heynalt, and taryed at Valencennes thre 
dayes, and so fro thens he went to Cales, and was welcome 
to the kynge. But whan the kyng harde that sir Gaultier of 
Manny had recey ved gyftes of the Frenche kynge, he sayde 
to hym, Sir Gaultier, ye have hytherto truely served us, and 
shall do, as we trust : sende agayn to kyng Philyppe the 
gyftes that he gave you, ye have no cause to kepe theym : 
we thanke God we have ynough for us and for you : we be 
in good purpose to do moche good for you, acordyng to the 
good servyce that ye have done. Thanne sir Gaultier toke 
all those jewels and delyverd them to a cosyn of his called 
Mansac,^ and sayd, Ryde into Fraunce to the kynge there 
and recommend me unto hym, and say howe I thanke hym 
M. tymes for the gyft that he gave me, but shewe hym 
howe it is nat the pleasure of the kyng my maister that I 
shulde kepe them, therfore I sende them agayne to hym. 
This knyght rode to Parys and shewed all this to the kyng, 
who wolde nat receyve agayne the jewelles, but dyde gyve 
them to the same knyght sir Mansac, who thanked the 
kyng, and was nat in wyll to say nay. 


Howe therle of Derby the same seson toke in 

Poyctou dyvers townes and castels, and also the 

cyte of Poycters. 

YE have harde here before howe the erle of Derby was 
in the cytie of Burduex, duryng the season of the 
siege before Aguyllone ; and assone as he knewe 
that the duke of Normandy had broken up his siege, than 
he sende into Gasco)Tie for all his knightes and squyers 
that helde of the Englysshe partie. Than came to Burdeaux 
the lorde Dalbret, the lorde de Lanspere, the lorde of 
Rosam,'^ the lorde of Musydent, the lorde of Punyers, the 
lorde of Torton,' the lorde of Bouqueton, sir Amery of 
Trast * and dyvers other, so that therle had a xii. hundred 


men of arraes, two thousand archers and thre thousande CAP. 
fotemen. They passed the ryver of Garon, bytwene Burdeaux CXXXVI 
and Blay ; than they toke the way to Zaynton, and came Howe therle 
to Myrabell, and wan the towne with assaut and the of Derby 
castell also, and sette therin newe captayne and soudyours. Po^+^u 
Than they rode to Alnoy and wan the castell and the dyvers townes 
towne, and after they wanne Surgeres and Benon, but the and castels. 
castell of Marant, a thre leages fro Rochell, they coulde nat 
gette. Than they went to Mortayn on the see syde in 
Poyctou, and toke it perforce, and made ther a garyson for 
them. Than thei rode to Lusignen ; they brent the towne 
but the castell wolde nat be wonne. Than they went to 
Taylbourge, and wan the brige, towne and castell and 
slewe all that were within, bycause a knyght of theyrs was 
slayne in thassautyng. The countrey was so afrayed that 
every man fledde into stronge holdes and townes and for- 
soke their owne houses. They made none other aparance of 
defence, but all knyghtes and squyers kept them styll in 
their fortresses, and made no semblant to fyght with 
thenglysshmen. Than at last the erle of Derby came and 
layd siege to saynt John Dangle and made there a gret 
assaut, (within the towne ther were no men of warre,) tyll 
agaynst night, when thassaut seased. Sir Wyllyam Ryon 
mayre of the towne and the moost part of the burgesses 
sende to therle of Derby, to have a save conduct for sixe of 
their burgesses to come into the boost, to treat with therle 
the same night or els the next day, the which was graunted. 
And the next mornynge these burgesses came to therles tent, 
and there concluded to become good Englysshmen, as long as 
the kyng of Englande or some other for hym, wolde kepe 
and defende them fro the Frenchmen. Ther therle refresshed 
hym in that towne thre dayes and toke homage of the 
burgesses there. Than the erle went to the stronge towne of 
Nyort, wherin was captayne the lorde Guysharde Dangle ; 
ther therle made thre assautes, but nothyng coude he 
Wynne. Than they departed thens and went to Burge saynt 
Maxymien,^ the which was wonne perforce and all that were ^ St. Maixent. 
within slayne. After they went to Monstrell Boyvin,^ wherin ^ Montreuil 
ther were a two hundred money makers that forged there °™^'^'^- 
money for the French kyng : they sayde they wolde nat 



CAP. yelde up but defende the towne : but there was made suche 

CXXXVI g^ feerse assaut, that it was won and all they within slayne. 

Hovre therle Therle newe fortifyed the cast ell, and made there a garyson. 

of Derby Than the erle came before the cytie of Poycters the whiche 

Povctou ^^^ great and large : the erle besieged it on the one syde, 

dyvers townes for he had nat nombre sufRcyent to lay rounde about. In- 

and castels. contynent they made assaut, and they of the cytie who 

were a great nombre of meane people, nat very mete for 

the warre, they defended themselfe so well at that tyme, 

that they toke but lytell damage : the assaut ceased and 

every man went to his logynge. The next day certayne 

knyghtes of the host toke their horses and rode about the 

towne, and returned and made report to therle of that they 

had sene ; than they determyned the nexte day to assaut the 

cytie in thre places, and the greattest nombre to assaut wher 

as was the wekest place of the cytie, and thus it was done. 

And as than in the towne ther was no knight that knewe 

what ment any feate of warr, nor the people were nat expert 

in dedes of armes, to knowe howe to defende assautes, so in 

the wekyst place thenglysshmen entred. Whan they within 

sawe the towne wonne they fledde away out at other gates, 

but ther were slayne a vii. hundred for all Avere put to the 

swerde, men, women and chyldren, and the cytie overron 

and robbed, the whiche was full of great richesse as well 

of thynhabytauntes, as of them of the countrey that were 

come thyder for surety. Dyvers churches were there dis- 

troyed and many yvell dedes done, and mo had ben done, 

and therle had nat ben : for he commaunded on payne of 

dethe, no man to brenne no churche nor house, for he sayde 

he wolde tary there a ten or xii. dayes, so that therby part 

of the yvell dedes were seased, but for all that there was 

roberyes ynough. Therle lay ther a xii. dayes and lengar 

myght have done, if it had pleased hym, for ther was none 

to resyst hym ; all the contrey trymbled for feare of hym. 

Than therle departed to Poycters and left it voyde, for it 

was to great to be kept : at their departyng, they had so 

moche rychesse, that they wyst natte what to do therwith : 

they sette by nothynge but golde and sylver and fethers 

for men of warre. Thanne they retourned by small journeys 

to saynt Johan Dangle ; there therle rested hym a certayne 



space, and thenglysshmen gave many good j uels to the ladyes CAP. 
and damosels of the towne, and so dyd therle hymself, and CXXXVI 
made every day gret dyners, suppers, and bankettes, and Howe therle 
made great revell and sport among them ; he achyved suche or Derby 
grace among them there, that they sayd he was the moost Poyctou 
noble prince that ever rode on horsebacke. Than he toke dyvers townes 
his leave of them, and made the may re and the burgesses to and castels. 
renewe their othe and to kepe the towne as the ryght 
herytage of the kyng of Englande. Than the erie retourned 
by suche fortresses as he had wonne tyll he came to the 
cytie of Bourdeaux : than he gave leave every man to depart 
and thanked them of their good servyce. 


How the kyng of Scottes duryng the siege before 
Calys came into England with a gret host. 

IT is longe nowe syth we spake of kyng Davyd of Scot- 
lande; howebeit tyll nowe there was none occasion why, 
for the trewse that was takenne was well and trewly 
kept; so that whan the kynge of Englande had besieged 
Calays and lay there, than the Scottes determyned to make 
warre into Englande and to be revenged of such hurtes as 
they had taken before : for they sayde than howe that the 
realme of Englande was voyde of men of warr, for they 
were, as they sayd, with the kyng of Englande before Calys, 
and some in Bretaygne, Poyctou, and Gascoyne. The Frenche 
kyng dyd what he coude to styrre the Scottes to that warre, 
to the entent that the kynge of Englande shulde breke up 
his siege and retourne to defende his owne realme. The 
kynge of Scottes made his sommons to be at saynt Johns 
towne on the ryver of Tay in Scotlande; thyder came 
erles, barownes and prelates of Scotlande, and there agreed 
that in all haste possyble they shulde entre into Englande. 
To come in that journey was desyred Johan of the Out lies, 
who governed the wylde Scottes, for to hym they obeyed 
and to no man els ; he came with a thre thousande of the 
moost outragyoust people in all that countrey. Whan all 
the Scottes were assembled, they were of one and other, a 



CAP. fyftie thousande fiffhtynee menne. They coude nat make 

^^AAAvii their assemble soo secrete but that the quene of Englande, 

Howthekyng who was as thanne in the marchesse of the Northe about 

came^into Yorke, knewe all their dealynge : thane she sent all about 

England with for menne and lay herselfe at Yorke ; than all men of warre 

a gret host, and archers came to Newcastell with the quene. In the 

meane season the kyng of Scottes departed fro saynt 

Johannes towne and wente to Done Fremelyne, the firste 

day. The nexte day they passed a lytell arme of the see 

and so came to Estermelyne, and than to Edenbrough. 

Than they nombred their company, and they were a thre 

thousande men of armes, knyghtes and squyers, and a 

thretie thousande of other, on hackenayes : thanne they 

came to Rousbourg, the first fortresse Englysshe on that 

parte ; captayne there was sir Wyllyam Montague. The 

Scottes passed by without any assaut makynge, and so 

went forthe brennynge and distroyenge the countrey of 

Northumberlande ; and their currours ranne to Yorke, and 

brent as moche as was without the walles, and retourned 

agayne to their host within a dayes journey of Newcastell 

upon Tyne. 


Of the batayle of Newcastell upon Tyne bytwene 
the quene of England and the kyng of Scottes. 

THE quene of England, who desyred to defende her 
contrey, came to Newcastell upon Tyne and there 
taryed for her men, who came dayly fro all partes. 
Whan the Scottes knewe that the Englysshemen assembled 
at Newcastell, they drue thyderwarde and their currours 
came rennynge before the towne ; and at their retoumynge 
they brent certayne small hamelettes there about, so that 
the smoke therof came into the towne of Newcastell : some 
of the Englysshmen wolde a yssued out to have fought with 
them that made the fyers, but the captayns wolde nat suffre 
theym to yssue out. The next day the kyng of Scottes, 
with a xl. thousande men, one and other, came and lodged 
within thre lytell Englysshe myle of Newcastell in the lande 


of the lorde Nevyll, and the kyng sent to them within the CAP. 
towne, that if they wolde yssue out into the felde, he wolde CXXXVIII 
fyght with theym gladly. The lordes and prelates of Of the batayle 
England sayd they were content to adventure their lyves ^^ Newcastell 
with the ryght and herytage of the kynge of Englande "^°° ^"^* 
their maister ; than they all yssued out of the towne, and 
were in nombre a twelfe hundred men of armes, thre thou- 
sand archers, and sevyne thousande of other, with the 
Walsshmen. Than the Scottes came and lodged agaynst 
theym nere togyder : than every man was sette in order of 
batayle : than the queue came among her men and there 
was ordayned four batayls, one to ayde another. The firste 
had in governaunce the bysshoppe of Dyrham and the 
lorde Percy : the seconde the archbysshoppe of Yorke and 
the lorde Nevyll : the thyrde the bysshoppe of Lyncolne, 
and the lorde Mombray : the fourth the lorde Edwarde 
de Baylleule, captayne of Berwyke, the archbysshoppe of 
Canterbury and the lorde Rose : every batayle had lyke 
nombre, after their quantyte. The quene went fro batayle 
to batayle desyring them to do their devoyre to defende 
the honoure of her lorde the kyng of Englande, and in the 
name of God every man to be of good hert and courage, 
promysyng them that to her power she wolde remembre 
theym as well or better as thoughe her lorde the kyng were 
ther personally. Than the quene departed fro them, recom- 
mendyng them to God and to saynt George. Than anone 
after, the bataylles of the Scottes began to set forwarde, 
and in lykewyse so dyd thenglysshmen. Than the archers 
began to shote on bothe parties, but the shot of the Scottes 
endured but a short space, but the archers of Englande shot 
so feersly, so that whan the batayls aproched, there was a 
harde batell. They began at nyne and endured tyll noone : the 
Scottes had great axes sharpe and harde, and gave with them 
many great strokes ; howbeit finally thenglysshmen obtayned 
the place and vyctorie, but they lost many of their men. 
There were slayne of the Scottes, therle of Sys,^ therle of Ostre,^ ^ Fife. 
the erle Patrys, therle of Surlant, therle Dastredare,^ therle of ^ Buchan. 
Mare, therle John Duglas, and the lorde Alysaunder Ram- ^ Straihern. 
sey, who bare the kynges baner, and dyvers other knyghtes 
and squyers. And there the kynge was taken, who fought 
RR 313 


CAP. valiantly, and was sore hurt ; a squyer of Northumberland 

CXXXVIII toke hym, called John Coplande, and assone as he had 

Of the batayle taken the kynge, he went with hym out of the felde, with 

of Newcastell ^jjj ^f j^-g gervauntes with hym, and soo rode all that day, 

^^ ^ ' tyll he was a fyftene leages fro the place of the batayle, 

1 Ogle. and at nyght he came to a castell called Orgulus ; ^ and 

than he sayde he wolde nat delyver the kyng of Scottes to 
no man nor woman lyveyng, but all onely to the kynge of 
Englande, his lorde. The same day there was also taken in 
the felde the erle Morette, the erle of Marche, the lorde 
Wyllyam Duglas, the lorde Robert Vesy, the bysshoppe of 

2 Aberdeen. Dadudame,^ the bysshoppe of saynt Andrewes, and dyvers 

other knyghtes and barownes. And ther were slayne of 
one and other a xv. thousande, and the other saved themself 
as well as they might : this batell was besyde Newcastell, 
the yere of our lorde M.CCC. xlvi. the Saturday next after 
sa)mt Mychaell. 


How John Copland had the kyng of Scottes 
prisoner, and what profet he gatte therby. 

WHAN the quene of Englande, beyng at New- 
castell understode howe the journey was for her 
and her men, she than rode to the place where 
the batayle hade ben : thane it was shewed her howe the 
kynge of Scottes was taken by a squyer called John Cop- 
lande, and he hadde caryed away the kyng no man knewe 
whyder. Than the quene wrote to the squyer commaundyng 
hym to bring his prisoner the kyng of Scottes, and howe he 
had nat well done to depart with hym without leave. All 
that day thenglysshmen taryed styll in the same place and 
the quene with them, and the next day they retourned to 
Newcastell. Whan the queues letter was brought to Johan 
Coplande, he answered and sayd, that as for the kyng of 
Scottes his prisoner, he wolde nat delyver hym to no man 
nor woman lyveng, but all onely to the kynge of Englande 
his soverayne lorde ; as for the kynge of Scottes, he sayd he 
shuld be savely kept, so that he wolde gyve acompte for 
hym. Thanne the quene sende letters to the kyng to Calays, 


wherby the kyng was enfourmed of the state of his realme. CAP. 
Than the kyng sende incontynent to Johan Coplande, that CXXXIX 
he shulde come over the see to hym to the siege before How John 
Calays. Than the same Johan dyd putte his prisoner in save ^opland had 
kepynge in a stronge castell, and so rode through England of Scottes 
tyll he came to Dover, and there toke the see and arryved prisoner, 
before Calays. Whan the kyng of Englande sawe the squyer, 
he toke hym by the hande and sayde, A welcome my squyer, 
that by your valyantnesse hath taken myne adversary, the 
kyng of Scottes. The squyer kneled downe and sayde, Sir, 
yf God by his grace have suffred me to take the king of 
Scottes by true conquest of armes, sir, I thynke no man 
ought to have any envy thereat, for as well God may sende by 
his grace suche a fortune to fall to a poore squyer, as to a 
great lorde ; and sir, I requyre your grace be nat myscontent 
with me, though I dyde nat delyver the kynge of Scottes at 
the commaundement of the quene. Sir, I holde of you, as myne 
othe is to you, and nat to her but in all good maner. The 
kyng sayd, Johan, the good servyce that ye have done and 
your valyantnesse is so moche worthe, that hit must counter- 
vayle your trespasse and be taken for your excuse, and 
shame have they that bere you any yvell wyll therfore. 
Ye shall retourne agayne home to your house, and thane 
my pleasure is that ye delyver your prisoner to the quene 
my wyfe, and in a rewarde I assigne you nere to your house, 
where as ye thynke best yourselfe, fyve hundred pounde 
sterlyng of yerely rent to you and to your hey res for ever, 
and here I make you squyer for my body. Thane the 
thyrde day he departed and retourned agayne into Eng- 
lande, and whan he came home to his owne house, he 
assembled toguyder his frendes and kynne, and so they toke 
the kyng of Scottes, and rode with hym to the cytie of 
Yorke, and there fro the kyng his lorde he presented the 
kyng of Scottes to the quene, and excused hym so largely, 
that the quene and her counsell were content. Than the 
quene made good provisyon for the cytie of Yorke, the 
castell of Rosbourg, the cyte of Dyrham, the towne of 
Newcastell upon Tyne, and in all other garysons on the 
marchesse of Scotlande, and left in those marchesse the 
lorde Percy and the lorde Nevyll, as governoure there. 




How John 
Copland had 
the kyng 
of Scottes 


Thanne the quene departed fro Yorke towardes London. 
Than she sette the kynge of Scottes in the strong towre of 
London, and therle Morette and all other prisoners, and 
sette good kepyng over them. Than she went to Dover 
and there tooke the see, and had so good wynde, that in a 
shorte space she arryved before Calays, thre dayes before 
the feest of Al Sayntes, for whose commyng the Kyng made 
a great feest and dyner, to all the lordes and ladyes that 
were ther. The quene brought many ladyes and damoselles 
with her, as well to acompany her as to se their husbandes, 
fathers, bretherne and other frendes that lay at siege there 
before Calays and had done a longe space. 


Howe the yonge erle of Flaunders ensured the 
kynges doughter of Englande. 

THE siege before Calais enduredde longe, and many 
thynges fell in the meane season, the whiche I 
canne nat write the fourthe parte. The Frenche 
kynge had sette men of warre in every fortresse in those 
marchesse, in the countie of Guynes, of Arthoyes, of Boloyne, 
and aboute Calays, and had a great nombre of Genowayes, 
Normayns and other on the see, so that whan any of the 
Englysshmen wolde goo a foragynge, other a fote or horse- 
backe, they founde many tymes harde adventures, and often 
there was skirmysshing about the gates and dykes of the 
towne, and often tymes some slayne and hurte on bothe 
parties ; some day the one part lost and some day the other. 
The kynge of Englande caused engyns to be made to oppresse 
theyme within the towne, but they within made other agayne 
to resist them, so that they toke lytell hurt by them ; but 
nothynge coude come into the towne but by stelth, and 
that was by the meanes of two maryners, one called 
Maraunt, and the other Mestryell, and they dwelt in 
Abvyle ; by theym two, they of Calays were often tymes 
reconforted and fresshed by stelth, and often tymes they 
were in great peryll, chased and nere taken, but alwayes 
they scaped, and made many Englysshemen to be drowned. 


All that wjniter the kyng lay styll at the siege, and thought CAP. CXL 
and ymagined ever to kepe the commentie of Flaunders in Howe the 
frendshyppe, for he thought by their meanes the soner to yonge erle 
come to his entent. He sende often tymes to them with Flaunders 
fayre promyses, sayeng that if he myght gette Calys, he kynees 
wolde helpe them to recover Lysle, and Doway, with all doughter of 
their appurtenaunces. So by occasyon of suche promyses, Englande. 
whyle the kyng was in Normandy towardes Cressey and 
Calays, they went and layd siege to Bethwyn, ana ther 
captayne was sir Oudeart de Ronty, who was banysshed out 
of Fraunce. They helde a great siege before that towne, 
and sore constrayned them by assaut : but within were four 
knyghtes captayns, set there by the Frenche kyng to kepe 
the towne, that is to say, sir GefFray of Charney, sir Ewstace 
of Rybamount, sir Baudwyn of Nek}^!,^ and sir John oi'^d'Annequin, 
Landas : they defended the towne in suche wyse, that the 
Flemmynges wan nothyng ther, but so departed and re- 
tourned agayne into Flaunders. But whyle the kynge of 
Englande lay at siege before Calys, he sent styll messangers 
to them of Flanders, and made them great promyses to 
kepe their amyte with hym, and to oppresse the drift of the 
French kyng, who dyde all that he coulde to drawe them to 
his opynyon. The kynge of Englande wolde gladly that 
the erle Loyes of Flaunders, who was as than but fyftene 
yere of age, shulde have in maryage his doughter Isabell ; 
so moche dyd the kyng that the Flemmynges agreed therto ; 
wherof the kynge was gladde, for he thought by that 
mariage, the Flemmynges wolde the gladlyer helpe hym : 
and the Flemmynges thought by havyng of the kynge of 
Englande on their partie, they might well resyst the French- 
men ; they thought it more necessary and profytable for 
them, the love of the kyng of Englande, rather than the 
Frenche kynge. But the yong erle, who had ben ever 
norysshed amonge the noble men of France, wolde nat 
agre, and sayd playnly, he wolde nat have to his vfjie the 
doughter of hym that slewe his father. Also duke Johan of 
Brabant, purchased greatly that the erle of Flaunders shulde 
have his doughter in maryage, promysing hym that if he 
wolde take her to his wyfe, that he wolde cause hym to 
enjoy the hole erldome of Flanders, other by fayre meanes 




Howe the 
yonge erle 
of Flaunders 
ensured the 
doughter of 


or otherwyse. Also the duke sayde to the Frenche kyng, Sir, 
if the erle of Flanders woU take my doughter, I shall fynde 
the meanes that all the Flemmynges shall take your part 
and forsake the kyng of Englande ; by the whiche promyse 
the Frenche kyng agreed to that maryage. Whan the duke 
of Brabant had the kynges gode wyll, than he sent certayne 
messangers into Flanders to the burgesses of the good 
townes, and shewed them so fayre reasons, that the coun- 
sayles of the good townes sent to the erle their naturall 
lorde, certifyeng hym that if he wolde come into Flanders 
and use their counsayle, they wolde be to hym trewe and 
good frendes, and delyver to hym all the rightes and jurys- 
dictyons of Flanders, as moche as ever any erle hadde : the 
erle toke counsayle and went into Flaunders, wher he was 
receyved with great joye and gyven to hym many great 
presentes. Assone as the kyng of Englande harde of this, 
he sende into Flaunders the erle of Northampton, therle of 
Arundell, and the lorde Cobham. They dyde so moche with 
the offycers and commons of Flaunders, that they had rather 
that their lorde therle shulde take to his wyfe the kyng of 
Englandes doughter, than the doughter of the duke of 
Brabant ; and so to do they affectuously desyred their 
lorde, and shewed hym many fayre reasons to drawe hym 
to that way, so that the burgesses that wer on the duke of 
Brabantes partie durste nat say the contrary. But than 
the erle in no wyse wolde concent therto, but ever he sayde 
he wolde natte wedde her, whose father had slayne his, 
though he myght have halfe of the hole realme of Englande. 
Whane the Flemmynges sawe that, they sayd howe their 
lorde was to moche French and yvell counsayled, and also 
sayd howe they wolde do no good to hym, syth he wolde 
nat belyve their counsayls. Than they toke and putte hym 
in cortoyse prison, and sayd howe he shulde never depart 
without he wolde folowe and byleve their counsayls : also 
they sayd, that the erle his father belyved and loved to 
moche the Frenchemen, for if he wolde a byleved them, he 
shulde have ben the greattest lorde in all christendome, and 
recovered agayne Lysle, Doway, and Bethwyn, and yet 
alyve. Thus the mater abode a certayne space : the kynge 
of Englande lay styll at the siege before Calays, and kept a 


great court that Christmas ; and about the begynnynge of CAP. CXL 
Lent after, came thyder out of Gascoyne the erle of Derby, Howe the 
the erle of Penbroke, the erle of Canforte, and dyvers other yonge erle 
knyghtes and squyers, that had passed the see with the erle. of 'launders 
Thus the erle of Flaunders was long in danger amonge the kynggs 
Flemmynges in cortoyse prison, and it greatly anoyed hym. doughter of 
Than at last he sayde he wolde byleve their counsayle, for Englande. 
he knewe well, he sayd, that he shulde have more profet 
there than in any other contrey. These wordes rejoysed 
greatly the Flemmynges ; than they toke hym out of prison 
and sufFred hym to go a haukyng to the ryver, the which 
sport the erle loved well ; but ever ther was good watche 
layde on hym, that he shulde nat steale away fro theym, 
and they were charged on their lyves to take good hede to 
hym, and also they were suche as were favourable to the 
k3nig of England : they watched hym so nere, that he coude 
nat pysse without their knowlege. This endured so longe 
that at last the erle sayd. that he wolde gladly have to his 
wyfe the kyng of Englandes doughter. Than the Flemmynges 
sende worde therof to the kynge and to the quene, and 
poynted a day that they shuld come to Bergus in the 
abbey, and to bringe their doughter with theym, and they 
wolde bring thyder their lorde the erle of Flanders, and 
there to conclude up the maryage. The kyng and the 
quene were gladde therof, and sayde that the Flemmynges 
were good men ; so to Bergus bytwene Newport and 
Gravelynge, came the moost saddest men of the gode 
townes in Flaunders, and brought with them the erle their 
lorde in great estate. The kyng of Englande and the 
quene were ther redy ; the erle curtesly inclyned to the 
kyng and to the quene ; the kyng toke the erle by the 
ryght hande right swetely, and ledde hym forthe, sayeng, 
As for the dethe of the erle your father, as God helpe me, 
the day of the batayle of Cressey, nor the nexte day after I 
never herde worde of hym that he shulde be there. The 
yong erle by semblant made as thoughe he had ben content 
with the kynges excuse. Than they fyll in communycacyon 
of the maryage : there were certayne artycles agreed unto 
by the kyng of Englande and the erle Loyes of Flaunders, 
and great amyties ther was sworne bytwene them to be 




Howe the 
yonge erle 
of Flaunders 
ensured the 
doughter of 


holden ; and there the erle fyaunced Isabell the kyng of 
Englandes doughter, and promysed to wedde her. So that 
journey brake of, and a newe day to be apoynted at more 
leaser : the Flemmynges retourned into Flaunders with their 
lorde, and the kynge of Englande with the quene went 
agayne to the siege of Calays. Thus the mater stode a 
certayne tyme, and the kynge and the quene prepayred 
greatly agayne the maryage for jewelles and other thynges 
to gyve away, acordyng to their behavyours. The erle of 
Flanders dayly past the tyme at the ryver, and made 
semblant that this maryage pleased him greatly : so the 
Flemmynges thought that they were than sure ynough of 
hym, so that there was nat so great watch made on hym as 
was before. But they knewe nat well the condycion of their 
lorde, for whatsover countenance he made outwarde, his 
inwarde courage was all Frenche. So on a day he went forthe 
with his hawkes, the same weke the maryage shulde have 
ben finysshed ; his fauconer cast of a faukon to an hearon, 
and therle cast of another. So these two faukons chased the 
hearon, and the erle rode after, as to folowe his faucon ; and 
whan he was a gode way of and had the advantage of the 
feldes, he dasshed his spurres to his horse and galoped 
forth in suche wyse, that his kepars lost hym : styll he 
goloped forthright, tyll he came into Arthoyes, and ther he 
was in suretie : and so than he rode into Fraunce to kyng 
Philyp and shewed hym all his adventure. The kynge and 
the Frenchmen sayd howe he had dalt wysely: theEnglyssh- 
men on the other syde sayd howe he had betrayed and 
disceyved them ; but for all that, the kyng left nat to kepe 
the Flemmynges in amyte, for he knewe well the erle had 
done this dede nat by their counsell, for they wer sore 
dyspleased therwith ; and the excuse that they made the 
kyng soone byleved it in that behalfe. 



Howe sir Robert of Namure dyde homage to the 
kyng of England before Calays. 

WHYLE the kynge lay at siege before Calays, ther 
came to se the kynge and the quene dyvers 
lordes and knightes of Flanders, of Brabant, of 
Heynault, and of Almaygne, and there departed none 
agayne but that had great gyftes gyven them. The same 
season there was newely come into the countie of Namure 
and of Liege out of the Holy Lande, sir Robert of Namure, 
and the lorde of Lespentyne hadde made hym knyght at 
the holy sepulcre. This sir Robert was as than a yong lusty 
knight and was nat desyred of any of bothe kynges ; than 
he came of his owne good mynde, well acompanyed and 
richely to the siege before Calayes, and there presented 
hymselfe to the kyng of Englande, who joyfully receyved 
hym, and so dyde the quene and all the other lordes ; he 
entred greatly into the kynges favour, bycause he bare the 
name of sir Robert de Arthoys, his uncle. Thus sir Robert 
became the kynges liege man : the kynge gave hym thre 
hundred pounde sterlynge by yere out of his cofers, to be 
payde at Bruges : there he taryed with the kynge before 
Calays tyll the towne was wonne, as ye shall here after. 


Howe thenglysshmen wanne the Rochdaren, and 
howe sir Charles de Bloyes layed siege therto. 

IT is longe nowe syth we spake of sir Charles de Bloyes 
as than the duke of Bretaygne, and of the countesse of 
Mountforde, but it was bycause of the truse that was 
takenne at Vannes the whiche was well kept ; for durynge 
the trewse, eyther partie kept peasably that they had in 
possessyon : and assone as the trewse was expyred they 
made agayne feerse warr. There was come into Bretaygne, 
SS 321 




men wanne 
the Roch- 

1 Dagvsorth. 

CAP. CXLII fro the kynge of Englande, sir Thomas Dangorne,^ and 
sir Johan Hartwell : they came thyder fro the siege of 
Calays, with a hundred men of armes, and foure hundred 
archers ; they taryed with the countes of Mountforde, 
at Hanybont, and with them sir Tanguy of the Castell 
Bretone Bretonant. Thenglysshmen and Bretons of that 
parte made often tymes journeys agaynst sir Charles de 
Bloyes men : somtyme they wanne and somtyme they 
lost : the contrey was exyled and distroyed by reason of 
these men of warre. On a day these Englysshmen went 
and layde siege to a good towne called Rochedaren, and 
often tymes they made assautes, but the towne was so well 
defended that thenglysshmen wanne nothyng ; captayne 
within the towne was Tassart de Guynes. They within the 
towne were thre partes, rather Englysshe than Frenche ; and 
so they tooke the captayne and sayde they wolde slee hym 
without he wolde yelde hymselfe Englysshe to them. Thanne 
he sayde he wolde do as they wolde have hym and so 
therupon they let hym go ; and than he taryed with the 
Englysshmen and tourned to the countes of Mountfordes 
parte, and so he was styll capytayne of the towne and left 
certayne soudyours to kepe the towne and castell. Whan 
sir Charles du Bloyes herde therof, he sware that the mater 
shulde natte longe be so : thane he sende for menne all 
aboute Bretaygne and Normandy, and assembled in the 
cytie of Nauntes sixtene hundred menne of armes and twelfe 
thousande afote ; ther were with hym a four hundred 
knyghtes and xxiiii. baners. So he came and layde siege to 
Rochdaren lately before wonne by the Englysshmen, and 
had great engyns that caste day and nyght, the which sore 
constrayned them within. Than they of the towne sende 
messangers to the countesse of Mountforde, that acordynge 
to her promyse, to sende theym some ayde and conforte. 
Than the countesse sende all about to assemble men toguyder, 
and shortely she had a thousande menne of armes and 
eyght thousande afote, and she made capytayns of theym 
the forsayd thre knyghtes, who sayd they wolde never 
retourne tyll they had reysed the seige before Rochdaren 
or els to dye in the quarell. And so they sette forthe, and 
came nere to the boost of sir Charles of Bloyes, and lodged 



by a ryver syde that night to thyntent to fight the next CAP. CXLII 
day. And whan every man was at rest, sir Thomas Dan- Howe 
gorne and sir Johan Artwell caused halfe their company thenglyssh- 
to be armed, and departed fro their boost about mydnight, l^^'^^^*?^® 
and sodenly entred into the lorde Charles boost on the one ^aren 
syde, and beate downe and slewe moche people, and they 
taryed so longe, that all the boost was moved and every 
man redy so tliat they coulde nat retourne agayne without 
batayle. There they were enclosed, and fought withall 
sharpely, so that they might nat here the Frenchmens dedes, 
but ther they were taken and sir Thomas Dangorne sore 
hurt, but sir Johan Artwell saved hymselfe as well as he 
might by the ryver and retourned to his company, and 
shewed them his adventure ; thanne they were determyned 
to have retourned agayne to Hanybont. 


Of the batayle of Rochedaren and how sir Charles 
de Bloys was there taken by thenglysshmen. 

THE same seson that the Englysshmen were thus in 
counsayle and had determyned to have departed, 
there came to them a knyght from the countesse 
of Mountforte, called Garnyer lorde of Cadudall, with a 
hundred men of armes : and assone as he was come and 
knewe all their demenour he sayde, Nay sirs, lette us nat 
thus tourne agayne, leape on your horses and suche as have 
non lette them come afote ; lette us nowe go loke on our 
ennemyes for nowe they thynke themselfe sure, I warant 
we shall dysconfet them. Than the horsemen rode forthe 
and the fotemen folowed, and aboute the sonne rysinge 
they dasshed into the lorde Charles boost, and every manne 
ther was aslepe and at rest for they thought to have no 
more ado at that tyme. Thenglysshmen and Bretons 
bete downe tentes and pavilyons and slewe people downe 
right for they were sodenly taken ; ther was moch people 
slayne, and sir Charles of Bloyes and all the lordes of 
Bretayne and Normandy that were there with hym were 
taken prisoners. 




CAP. CXLIII Thus the siege of Rochedaren was reysed, and the lorde 
Of the batayle Charles was brought to Hanybont : but suche fortresses as 
of Roche- were of his partie helde styll, for his wyfe who called her- 
daren. ^^^fe duchesse of Bretaygne toke the warre in hande. 


Howe the Frenche kyng assembled a great hoost 

to rayse the kyng of England fro the 

siege before Calys. 

INGE Philyppe who knewe well howe his men were 
sore constrayned in Calays, commaunded every 
manne to be with hym at the feest of Pentecost in 
the cyte of Amyense or ther about : ther was non durst say 
nay. The kyng kept there a great feest : thyder came 
duke Odes of Burgoyne and the duke of Normandy his 
eldyst Sonne and the duke of Orlyanse his yongest sonne, 
the duke of Burbon, therle of Foitz, the lorde Loyes of 
Savoy, sir John of Heynalt, the erle of Armynake, the erle 
of Forestes, therle of Valentenoys and dyvers other erles, 
barons, and knyghtes. Whan they were all at Amyense 
they toke counsayle ; the Frenche kynge wolde gladly that 
the passages of Flaunders myght have ben opyned to hym, 
for than he thought he might sende part of his men to 
Gravelyng, and by that way to refresshe the towne of Calys, 
and on that syde to fyght easely with thenglysshmen. He 
sende great messangers into Flanders to treat for that 
mater, but the kynge of Englande had there suche frendes 
that they wolde never acorde to that curtesy. Than the 
Frenche kyng said howe he wolde go thyder on the syde 
towarde Burgoyne. The kynge of Englande sawe well howe 
he coude nat get Calays but by famyne ; than he made a 
stronge castell and a hygh, to close up the passage by the 
see, and this castell was set bytwene the towne and the see, 
and was well fortyfied with springalles, bombardes, bowes, 
and other artillary : and in this castell were threscore men 
of armes and two hundred archers ; they kept the havyn in 
suche wyse, that nothyng coude come in nor out ; it was 



thought that therby they within shulde the soner be CAP. 
famysshed. In that season the kynge of Englande so ex- CXLIIII 
horted them of Flaunders, that there yssued out of Flaun- Howe the 
ders a hundred thousande, and went and layde siege to the Frenchekyng 
towne of Ayre, and brent the contrey all about, as Meny- _.g^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 
vell,^ LaGorge,^ Estelles^ le Ventre,* and a marche called la raysethekyng 
Loe, and to the gates of saynt Omer and Turwyne.** Than of England 
the kyng went to the towne of Arras, and sette many men fro the siege 
of warr to the garysons of Arthoys, and specially he sent ^ ^^^ * ^^' 
his constable, sir Charles of Spaygne to saynt Omers, for ^ Merviiie. 
the erle of Ewe and of Guynes, who was constable of 3 ^ Gorgue. 
Fraunce, was prisoner in Englande, as it hath ben shewed 4 i^yg^fig 
before. The Flemmynges dyd the Frenchmen great trouble 5 Thirouame. 
or they departed ; and whan the Flemmynges were returned, ^ Fauquem- 
than the French kyng and his company departed fro Arras, "^'''ff^- 
and went to Hedyn. His host with the caryage held well in 
length, a thre leagues of that contrey, and ther he taryed a 
day, and the next day to Blangy ; ther he rested to take 
advyse what way to go forthe : than he was counsayled to 
go through the contrey called la Belme : and that way he 
toke and with hym a CC.M. one and other, and so passed 
by the countie of Franqueberg,^ and so came streyght to 
the hyll of Sangattes, bytwene Calys and Wyssant : they 
came thyder in goodly order with baners displayed, that 
hit was great beautie to beholde their puyssant array ; they 
of Calys whan they sawe them lodge it semed to them a 
newe siege. 


Howe the kyng of England made the passages 

about Calays to be well kept that the Frenche 

kyng shulde nat aproche to reyse his siege. 

YE shall here what the kynge of Englande dyd and 
caused to be done, whane he sawe and knewe that 
the French kyng came with so great an boost to 
rayse the siege, the whiche had coste hym so moche good 
and payne of his body, and lost many of his men, and 
knewe well howe he had so constrayned the towne that hit 




Howe the 
kyng of Eng- 
land made 
the passages 
about Calays 
to be well 

1 Nievlet. 


coulde nat longe endure for defaute of vitayls: it greved 
hym sore than to depart. Than he advysed well howe the 
Frenchmen coude nat aproche nother to his hoost nor to 
the towue, but in two places, other by the downes by the 
see syde or elles above by the hyghe way, and there was 
many dykes, rockes, and maresshes, and but one way to 
passe, over a bridge called Newlande ^ bridge. Thane the 
kynge made all his navy to drawe along by the cost of the 
downes, every shyp well garnysshed with bombardes, cros- 
bowes, archers, springalles and other artyllary, wherby the 
Frenche hoost myght nat passe that way : and the kynge 
caused the erle of Derby to go and kepe Newlande bridge, 
with a great nombre of men of armes and archers, so that 
the Frenchemen coude natte passe no way, without they 
wolde have gone through the marshes, the whiche was 
unpossyble. On the other syde towarde Calys, ther was a 
hyghe towre kept with xxx. archers, and they kept the 
passage of the downes fro the Frenchmen the which was 
well fortifyed with great and double dykes. Whan the 
Frenchmen were thus lodged on the mount of Sangate, the 
commons of Turney who were a fyftene hundred came to 
that towre, and they within shotte at them, but they passed 
the dykes and came to the fote of the wall with pykes and 
hokes. There was a sore assaute, and many of them of 
Tourney sore hurte, but at laste they wanne the towre, and 
all that were within slayne and the towre beaten downe : 
the French kyng sent his marshals to advyse what way he 
myght aproche, to fyght with the Englysshemen : so they 
went forthe, and whan they had advysed the passages and 
straytes, they retourned to the kyng and sayd, howe in no 
wyse he coude come to the Englysshemen without he wolde 
lese his people. So the mater rested all that day and nyght 
after. The nexte day after masse, the Frenche kynge sende 
to the kynge of Englande, the lorde GefFray of Charney, the 
lorde Ewstace of Rybamount, Guy of Nele, and the lorde of 
Beajewe, and as they rodde that stronge way they sawe 
well it was harde to passe that way ; they praysed moche 
the order that the erle of Derby kepte there at the bridge 
of Newlande by the whiche they passed. Than they rode 
tyll they came to the kynge, who was well acompanyed with 


noble men aboute hym ; thane they foure lyghted and CAP. CXLV 
came to the kynge and dyde their reverence to hym ; than Howe the 
the lorde Ewstace of Rybamont said, Sir, the kynge my kyng of Eng- 
maister sendeth you worde by us, that he is come to the J!^^ ™ 
mount of Sangate to do batayle with you, but he canne about Cakys 
fynde no way to come to you ; therfore, sir, he wolde that to be well 
ye shulde apoynt certayne of your counsayle, and in lyke- kept, 
wise of his, and they bytwene theym to advyse a place for 
the batayle. The kyng of Englande was redy advysed to 
answere, and sayd. Sirs, I have well understande that ye 
desyre me, on the behalfe of myne adversary, who kepeth 
wrongfully fro me myne herytage, wherfore I am sorie : 
say unto hym fro me if ye lyst, that I am here and so 
have bene nyghe an hole yere, and all this he knewe right 
well : he might have come hyther soner if he had wolde, 
but he hath sufFred me to abyde here so long, the which 
hath ben gretly to my coste and charge ; I no we coude do 
so moche if I wolde, to be sone lorde of Calays, wherfore I 
am natte determynedde to folowe his devyse and ease, nor 
to depart fro that whiche I am at the poynt to wynne, and 
that I have so sore desyred and derely bought. Wherfore if 
he nor his men canne passe this way, lette theym seke some 
other passage if they thynke to come hyther. Thane these 
lordes departed and were conveyed tyll they were paste 
Newlande bridge ; than they shewed the Frenche kynge the 
kynge of Englandes aunswere. In the meane season whyle 
the Frenche kynge studyed howe to fight with the kyng of 
Englande, ther came into his boost two cardynalles from 
pope Clement in legacion, who toke great payne to ryde 
bytwene these hoostes, and they procuredde so moche, that 
ther was graunted a certayne treatie of acorde, and a re- 
spyte bytwene the two kynges and their men, beynge there 
at siege and in the felde all onely. And so ther were four 
lordes apoynted on eyther partie to counsell togyder and 
to treat for a peace : for the Frenche kyng, ther was the 
duke of Burgoyne, and the duke of Burbone, sir Loyes of 
Savoy, and sir John Heynalt : and for thenglysshe partie, 
therle of Derby, the erle of Northamton, the lorde Reynolde 
Cobham and the lorde Gaultyer of Manny ; and the two 
cardynalles were meanes bytwene the parties. These lordes 




CAP. CXLV mette thre dayes and many devyses put forthe, but none 
toke effect : and in the meane season the kyng of Englande 
alwayes fortifyed his host and felde, and made dykes on the 
downes that the Frenchmen shuld nat sodenly come on 
them. These thre dayes passed without any agrement ; 
than the two cardynalles returned to saynt Omers, and 
whan the Frenche kynge sawe that he coulde do nothynge, 
the next day he dysloged betymes and toke his waye to 
Amyens, and gave every man leave to depart. Whane they 
within Calays sawe their kynge depart they made great 
sorowe ; some of the Englysshmen folowed the tayle of the 
Frenchmen and wanne somers, cartes and caryages, horse, 
wyne and other thynges, and toke prisoners whom they 
brought into the hoost before Calays. 

Howe the 
kyng of Eng- 
land made 
the passages 
about Calays 
to be well 


Howe the towne of Calys was gyven up to the 
kyng of England. 

A FTER that the Frenche kyng was thus departed fro 
U\ Sangate, they within Calays sawe well howe their 
X -m^ socoure fayled them, for the whiche they were in 
great sorowe. Than they desyred so moche their captayne 
sir John of Vyen, that he went to the walles of the towne 
and made a sygne to speke with some person of the hoost. 
Whan the kyng harde therof, he sende thyder sir Gaultier 
of Manny and sir Basset : than sir John of Vyen sayd to 
them. Sirs, ye be right valyant knyghtes in dedes of armes, 
and ye knowe well howe the kynge my maister hath sende 
me and other to this towne, and commaunded us to kepe it 
to his behofe, in suche wyse that we take no blame nor to 
hym no dammage; and we have done all that lyeth in oure 
power. Nowe our socours hath fayled us, and we be so 
sore strayned that we have nat to lyve withall, but that we 
muste all dye or els enrage for famyn, without the noble 
and gentyll kyng of yours woll take mercy on us : the 
which to do we requyre you to desyre hym, to have pyte on 
us and to let us go and depart as we be, and lette hym take 
the towne and castell and all the goodes that be therin, the 


whiche is great habundaunce. Than sir Gaultyer of Manny CAP. CXLVI 
sayde, Sir, we knowe somwhat of the entencyon of the kynge Howe the 
our maister, for he hath shewed it unto us ; surely knowe towne of 
for trouth it is nat his mynde that ye nor they within the Calys was 
towne shulde departe so, for it is his wyll that ye all shulde f^^^ ^^ *J 
put your selfes into his pure wyll, to ransome all suche as Englan(h 
pleaseth hym and to putte to dethe suche as he lyste : 
for they of Calays hath done hym suche contraryes and 
dispyghtes, and hathe caused hym to dyspende soo moche 
good, and loste many of his menne, that he is sore greved 
agaynst them. Than the captayne sayde, Sir, this is to harde 
a mater to us ; we ar here within, a small sorte of knyghtes 
and squyers, who hath trewely served the kynge our maister 
as well as ye serve yours in lyke case, and we have endured 
moche payne and unease ; but we shall yet endure asmoche 
payne as ever knyghtes dyd rather thanne to consent that 
the worst ladde in the towne shulde have any more yvell 
than the grettest of us all : therfore, sir, we pray you that 
of your humylite, yet that ye woU go and speke to the 
kynge of Englande and desyre hym to have pytie of us, for 
we truste in hym somoche gentylnesse, that by the grace of 
God his purpose shall chaung. Sir Gaultier of Manny and 
sir Basset retourned to the kynge and declared to hym all 
that hadde ben sayde. The kynge sayde he wolde none 
otherwyse but that they shulde yelde theym up symply to 
his pleasure. Than sir Gaultyer sayde, Sir, savyng your 
dyspleasure in this, ye may be in the wronge, for ye shall 
gyve by this an yvell ensample : if ye sende any of us your 
servauntes into any fortresse, we woll nat be very gladde to 
go if ye putte any of theym in the towne to dethe after 
they be yelded, for in lykewise they woll deale with us 
if the case fell lyke : the whiche wordes dyverse other 
lordes that were there present susta)med and maynteyned. 
Than the kynge sayde. Sirs, I woll nat be alone agaynst you 
all; therfore, sir Gaultyer of Manny, ye shall goo and say to 
the capytayne that all the grace that he shall finde nowe in 
me is that they lette sixe of the chiefe burgesses of the 
towne come out bare heeded, bare foted and bare legged, 
and in their shertes, with haulters about their neckes, with 
the kayes of the towne and castell in their handes, and lette 
TT 329 


CAP. CXLVI theym 

Howe the 
towne of 
Calys was 
gyven up to 
the kyng of 



yelde themselfe purely to my wyll, and the 
resydewe I wyll take to mercy. Than sir Gaultyer re- 
tourned and founde sir John of Vyen styll on the wall, 
abydinge for an answere : thanne sir Gaultier shewed hym all 
the grace that he coulde gette of the kynge. Well, quoth 
sir Johan, sir, 1 requyre you tary here a certayne space tyll 
I go into the towne and shewe this to the commons of the 
towne, who sent me hyder. Than sir John went unto the 
market place and sowned the common bell. Than inconty- 
nent men and women assembled there ; than the captayne 
made reporte of all that he had done, and sayde, Sirs, it 
wyll be none otherwyse ; therfore nowe take advyse and 
make a shorte aunswere. Thanne all the people beganne to 
wepe and to make such sorowe, that there was nat so hard a 
hert if they had sene them but that wolde have had great 
pytie of theym ; the captayne hym selfe wepte pyteously. 
At last the moost riche burgesse of all the towne, called 
Ewstace of saynt Peters, rose up and sayde openly. Sirs, 
great and small, great myschiefe it shulde be to suffre to 
dye suche people as be in this towne, other by famyn or 
otherwyse, whan there is a meane to save theym : I thynke 
he or they shulde have great merytte of our Lorde God that 
myght kepe theym fro suche myschiefe : as for my parte, I 
have so good truste in our Lorde God, that if I dye in the 
quarell to save the residewe, that God wolde pardone me ; 
wherfore, to save them, I wyll be the first to putte my lyfe 
in jeopardy. Whan he had thus sayde, every man wor- 
shypped hym, and dyvers kneled downe at his fete with sore 
wepyng and sore sighes. Than another honest burgesse 
rose and sayde, I wyll kepe company with my gossyppe 
Ewstace ; he was called John Dayre. Than rose up Jaques 
of Wyssant, who was riche in goodes and herytage; he 
sayd also that he wolde holde company with his two cosyns ; 
in likwyse so dyd Peter of Wyssant his brother : and 
thane rose two other ; they sayde they wolde do the same. 
Thanne they went and aparelled them as the kynge desyred. 
Than the captayne went with them to the gate : ther was 
great lamentacyon made of men, women, and chyldren at 
their departyng : than the gate was opyned and he yssued 
out with the vi. burgesses and closed the gate agayne, so 


that they were bytwene the gate and the barriers. Than he CAP. CXLVI 
sayd to sir Gaultier of Manny, Sir, I delyver here to you as Howe the 
captayne of Calays, by the hole consent of all the peple of towneof 
the towne, these six burgesses ; and I swere to you truely ^alys was 
that they be and were to day moost honourable, riche, and the kynff of 
most notable burgesses of all the towne of Calys ; wherfore, England, 
gentyll knyght, I requyre you pray the kyng to have mercy 
on theym, that they dye nat. Quoth sir Gaultier, I can nat 
say what the kyng wyll do, but I shall do for them the best 
I can. Thane the barryers were opyned, the sixe burgesses 
went towardes the kyng, and the captayne entred agayne 
into the towne. Whan sir Gaultier presented these burgesses 
to the kyng, they kneled downe and helde up their handes 
and sayd, Gentyll kyng, behold e here we sixe, who were 
burgesses of Calays and great marchantes : we have brought 
to you the kayes of the towne and of the castell and we 
submyt oure selfe clerely into your wyll and pleasure, to 
save the resydue of the people of Calays, who have suffred 
great payne. Sir, we beseche your grace to have mercy and 
pytie on us through your hygh nobles : than all the erles 
and barownes, and other that were there, wept for pytie. 
The kyng loked felly on theym, for greatly he hated the 
people of Calys, for the gret damages and dyspleasures they 
had done hym on the see before. Than he commaunded 
their heedes to be stryken of. Than every man requyred the 
kyng for mercy, but he wolde here no man in that behalfe. 
Than sir Gaultier of Manny sayd, A noble kyng, for Goddes- 
sake, refrayne your courage ; ye have the name of soverayne 
nobles, therfore nowe do nat a thyng that shulde blemysshe 
your renome, nor to gyve cause to some to speke of you 
villany ; every man woll say it is a great cruelty to put to 
deth suche honest persons, who by their owne wylles putte 
themselfe into your grace to save their company. Than the 
kyng wryed away fro hym, and commaunded to sende for the 
hangman, and sayd. They of Calys had caused many of my 
men to be slayne, wherfore these shall dye in likewyse. 
Than the quene beynge great with chylde, kneled downe 
and sore wepyng, sayd, A gentyll sir, syth I passed the see in 
great parell, I have desyred nothyng of you ; therfore nowe 
I humbly requyre you, in the honour of the Son of the Virgyn 




CAP. CXLVI Mary and for the love of me that ye woll take mercy of these 
sixe burgesses. The kyng behelde the quene and stode styll 
in a study a space, and than sayd, A dame, I wold ye had 
ben as nowe in some other place, ye make suche request to 
me that I can nat deny you ; wherfore I gyve them to you, to 
do your pleasure with theym. Than the quene caused them 
to be brought into her chambre, and made the halters to be 
taken fro their neckes, and caused them to be newe clothed, 
and gave them their dyner at their leser ; and than she gave 
ech of them sixe nobles and made them to be brought out 
of thoost in savegard and set at their lyberte. 

Howe the 
towne of 
Calys was 
gyven up to 
the kyng of 


Howe the kyng of Englande repeopled the towne 
of Calys with Englysshmen. 

THUS the strong towne of Calays was gyven up to 
kyng Edwarde of England the yere of our Lorde God 
M.CCC.xlvi. in the moneth of August. The kyng 
of England called to hym sir Gaultier of Manny and his 
two marshals, therle of Warwyke and therle of Stafforde, 
and sayd to them. Sirs, take here the kayes of the towne 
and castell of Calys ; go and take possessyon there and 
putte in prison all the knyghtes that be there, and all other 
soudyours that came thyder symply to wynne their lyveng ; 
cause theym to avoyde the towne, and also all other men, 
women and chyldren, for I wolde repeople agayne the towne 
with pure Englysshmen. So these thre lordes with a hundred 
with them went and toke possessyon of Calys, and dyd put 
in prison sir John de Vien, sir John of Surrey, sir John of 
Belborne, and other. Than they made all the soudyers to 
bring all their harnesse into a place apoynted, and layed it 
all on a hepe in the hall of Calys. Thanne they made all 
maner of people to voyde, and kept there no mo persons 
but a preest and two other auncyent personages, suche as 
knewe the customes, lawes and ordynaunces of the towne, 
and to signe out the herytages howe they were devyded. 
Than they prepared the castell to lodge the kyng and quene, 
and prepared other houses for the kynges company. Than 


the kyng mounted on his horse and entred into the towne CAP. 
with trumpets, tabours, nakquayres and hornes,^ and there CXLVII 
the kyng lay tyll the quene was brought a bedde of a fayre Howe the 
lady named Margarete. The kyng gave to sir Gaultier of ^^^S of Eng- 
Manny dyvers fayre houses within the towne, and to therle pe^pieTthe 
Stafforde, to the lorde of Bethene, to sir Bartylmewe of towne of 
Bomes, and to other lordes to repeople agayn the towne. Calys with 
The kynges mynde was when he came into Englande to sende Englysshmen. 
out of London a xxxvi, good burgesses to Calys to dwell 1 hormyes, P. 
there, and to do somoche that the towne myght be peopled 
with pure Englysshmen ; the which entent the kynge ful- 
fylled. Than the newe towne and bastyd that was made 
without the towne was pulled downe, and the castell that 
stode on the havyn rasshed downe, and the great tymbre 
and stones brought into the towne. Than the kynge or- 
dayned men to kepe the gates, walles and barryers, and 
amended all thynges within the towne ; and sir John de 
Vien and his company were sent into Englande and were 
halfe a yere at London, than they were putte to raunsome. 
Methynke it was great pyte of the burgesses and other men 
of the towne of Calys, and women and chyldren, whane they 
were fayne to forsake their houses, herytages and goodes, 
and to here away nothyng, and they had no restorement 
of the Frenche kyng, for whose sake they lost all : the 
moost part of them went to saynt Omers. /The cardynall 
Guy de Boloyne, who was come into France in legacyon and 
was with the Frenche kynge his cosyn in the cytie of 
Amyense, he purchased somoche that a truse was taken 
bytwene the kynges of Englande and of Fraunce, their 
centres and herytages, to endure two yeres. To this truse 
all parties were agreed, but Bretayne was clerely excepte, 
for the two ladyes made styll warre one agaynst the other. 
Than the kyng of Englande and the quene retourned into 
Englande, and the kyng made captayne of Calys sir Amery 
of Pavy, a Lumbarde laorne, whom the kyng had greatly 
avaunced. Than the kynge sende fro London xxxvi. bur- 
gesses to Calays, who were ryche and sage, and their wyves 
and chyldren, and dayly encreased the nombre, for the 
kynge graunted there suche lyberties and franchysses, that 
men were gladde to go and dwell there. The same tyme 



CAP. was brought to London sir Charles de Bloyes, who called 

CXLVII hymselfe duke of Breten; he was putte in cortoyse prison, in 

Howe the the Towre of London with the kyng of Scottes and the erle 

llndere-' °^ Morette ; but he had nat ben there longe but at the 

peopled the request of the quene of Englande sir Charles her cosyn 

towne of germayne was receyvedde on his fayth and trouth, and rode 

Calys with all about London at his pleasure ; but he might nat ly past 

Englysshmen. ^jjg night out of London, without it were with the kynge 

or with the quene. Also the same tyme ther was prisoner 

in Englande therle of Ewe and Guynes, a right gentyll 

knyght ; and his dealynge was suche, that he was welcome 

wher soever he came, and with the kyng and quene, lordes, 

ladyes and damosels. 


Of the dealynge of a brigant of Languedocke, 
called Bacon. 

A LL this yere these two kynges helde well the trewse 
l\ taken bytwene them ; but sir Wyllyam Duglas and 
-i. jL the Scottes beyng in the forest of Gedeours made 
warre dayly on the Englysshmen. Also suche as were in 
Gascoyne, Poyctou, and Xayntone, as well Frenche as 
Englysshe, kept nothyng the trewse taken bytwene the 
two kynges, but conquered often tymes townes and castels 
one upon the other by force, by purchase or by stelth, 
nyght and day; and oftentymes ther fell bytwene them 
many fayre aventures, somtyme to the Frenchmen, and 
somtyme to thenglysshmen, and alwayes the poore brigantes 
wanne in robynge of townes and castels ; and some therby 
came riche, so that they were made capitayns of other 
brigantes ; there were some well worthe xl. thousande 
crownes. Often tymes they wold spy wher was a good 
towne a dayes journey or two fro them : than they wolde 
assemble xx. or xxx. of them togyder, and go by covert 
wayes day and night and so entre into the towne unknowen 
in the mornynge, and sette fyre on some house ; than they 
of the towne wolde thynke that it was done by some men of 
warre and so flye away out of the towne ; and thanne these 



brigantes wolde breke up cofers and houses, and robbe and CAP. 
take what they lyste and flye away whan they had done. CXLVIII 
Among other there was a brigant in Languedocke ; he spyed Of the deal- 
the stronge castell of Couborne, in Lymosyn ; he rode in the J^S^ ^^ * 
nyght with xxx. companyons, and toke the castell by Lan^gdocke 
stelthe, and the lorde of the same castell prisoner, who called Bacon.' 
was called Coubourne, and putte hym in prison in his owne 
castell and there kept hym so longe, that at last they 
raunsomed hym at xxiiii. thousande crownes ; and they kept 
styll the castell and made sore warr in the contrey. And 
after by fayre promyses the Frenche kyng bought hym and 
his castell, and gave him xx, thousand crownes and made 
hym ussher of armes about him : and this brigant Bacon 
was ever well horsed, aparelled and armed lyke an erle ; 
and so he contynued as longe as he lyved. 


Of another page called Croquart. 

IN lyke case there were brigantes in Bretayne who made 
warre and wanne townes and castelles, and Ijrved by 
robery and helde of no man ; for that they wanne 
thei kept to themselfe, and solde to them of the countrey 
townes and castels derely. And among other, there was 
one as a mayster called Croquart, who was before but a 
poore page attendyng on the lorde Dercle in Holland. 
Whan this Croquart began to waxe a man, his lorde gave 
hym leave to depart and go to the warres into Bretayne ; 
and there he fyll in servyce with a man of armes and bare 
hymselfe well, and at a skirmysshe his maister was taken 
and slayne ; thanne bycause of his prowes his felowes dyde 
chuse hym capitayne in stede of their mayster. And than 
he dyd gette so moche by wynnyng of townes and castelles, 
that he was estemed to be worthe xl. thousand crownes 
besyde his horse, wherof he had a xx. or xxx. good coursers 
and double horse ; and he had the brute to be one of the 
moost expert men of armes in all that countre, and he was 
chosen in a batayle to be one of the xxx. of the Englysshe 
partie and he wan ther the price of all other. The Frenche 




CAP. CXLIX kyng made hym ojffers and promyse that if he wolde become 

Of another Frenche, to make hym a knyght and to mary him rychely, 

page called and to gyve hym two thousande pounde of revenewes yerely ; 

Croquart. }y^^ jjg wolde in no wyse consent therto. And it fortuned 

hym on a day to ryde a yonge horse the which he had bought 

for thre hundred crownes, and he spurred hym soo sore that 

the horse ranne away with hym and in ronnyng fell in a 

dyke and brake his maysters necke : thus ended Croquart. 


Howe sir Amery of Pavy Lumbart solde the 

towne of Calys wherof he was captayne to the 

lorde Geffray Charney of Fraunce. 

A LL this season in the towne of saynt Omers was 
l\ the lorde Geffray of Charney, and kept the fronters 
X jL ther using every thynge touchynge the warre as 
kyng. Than he bethought him howe that Lumbardes 
naturally be covetouse : wherfore he thought to assay to 
gette the towne of Calys, wherof Amery of Pavy Lumbarde 
was capitayne ; and by reasone of the trewse they of saynte 
Omers myght go to Calys and they of Calys to saynt Omers, 
so that dayly they resorted toguyder to do their marchan- 
dyses. Than sir Geffray secretly fyll in treaty with sir 
Amery of Pavy, so that he promysed to delyver into the 
Frenchmens handes the towne and castell of Calys for 
XX. thousande crownes. This was nat done so secretly 
but that the kyng of Englande had knowledge therof: 
than the kyng send for Amery de Pavy to come into 
England to Westmynster to speke with hym, and so he 
came over, for he thought that the kyng had nat had 
knowlege of that mater, he thought he had done it so 
secretly. Whan the kyng sawe hym, he toke hym apart 
and sayd. Thou knowest well I have gyven the in kepyng 
the thynge in this worlde that I love best, next my wyfe and 
chyldren ; that is to say, the towne and castell of Calys, and 
thou hast solde it to the Frenchmen ; wherfore thou haste 
well deserved to dye. Than the Lumbard kneled downe 


and sayd, A noble kyng, I cry you mercy ; it is trewe that CAP. CL 

ye say ; but, sir, the bargayne may well be broken for as Howe sir 

yet I have received never a peny. The kynge had loved well Amery of 

the Lumbard and sayd, Amery, I woll that thou go for- PavyLumbart 

warde on thy bargayne, and the day that thou apoyntest towne of 

to delyver the towne, let me have knowlege therof before ; Calys. 

and on this condycion I forgyve the thy trespas. So ther- 

upon the Lumbard retourned agayne to Calays and kept 

this mater secrete. Than sir Geffray of Charney thought 

well to have Calays and assembled a certayne nombre 

secretly, a v. hundred speares; ther were but a fewe that 

knewe what he purposed. I thynke he never made the 

Frenche kyng of knowledge therof; for if he had, I trowe 

the kyng wolde nat a consented therto bycause of the truse. 

This Lumbard had apoynted to delyver the castell the first 

nyght of the newe yere : the Lumbarde sende worde therof 

by a brother of his to the kyng of Englande. 


Of the batayle at Calays bytwene the kyng of 

Englande, under the baner of sir Gaultyer of 

Manny, and sir Geffray of Charney and the 


WHAN the kyng of England knewe the certayne 
day apoynted, he departed out of England with 
thre C. men of armes and vi. C. archers and toke 
shypping at Dover, and in the evenynge arryved at Calays 
so secretely that no man knewe therof, and went and layde 
his men in busshmentes in the chambers and towres within 
the castell. Thane the kyng sayde to sir Gaultyer of 
Manny, I woll that ye be chiefe of this enterprice, for I 
and my sonne the prince woll fyght under your baner. 
The lorde Geffray of Charney, the last day of Decembre at 
nyght, departed fro Arras and all his company, and came 
nere to Calls about the hour of mydnight, and than taryed 
there abydynge for his company, and sende two squyers to 
the posterne gate of the castell of Calys, and there they 
UU 337 


CAP. CLI founde sir Amery redy : than they demaunded of hym if it 
Of the were tyme that the lorde Geffray shulde come; and the 
batayle at Lumbarde sayde Yes. Than they retourned to their maister 
Calays. q^^^ shewed hym as the Lumbard sayd : than he made his 
men passe Newlande bridge in good order of batayle ; than 
he sende xii. knyghtes with a hundred men of armes to go 
and take possession of the castell of Calays, for he thought 
well if he myght have the castell he shulde soone gette the 
towne, seyng he had so gode a nombre of men with hym 
and dayly might have mo whane he lyst. And he delyvered 
to the lorde Edwarde of Rency xx. thousande crownes to pay 
the Lumbarde ; and sir Geffray hoved styll in the feldes 
prively with his baner before hym. His entent was to 
entre into the towne by the gate or els nat : the Lumbarde 
had lette downe the bridge of the posterne and suffred the 
hundred men of armes to entre peasably ; and sir Edwarde 
delyvered at the postern xx. thousand crownes in a bagge 
to the Lumbarde, who sayde, I trust here be all, for I have 
no leaser now to tell them, for it wyll be anone day : than 
he cast the bagge with crownes into a cofer and sayde to 
the Frenchmen, Come on sirs, ye shall entre into the dongyon, 
than shall you be sure to be lordes of the castell. They 
went thyder, and he drewe apart the barre, and the gate 
opyned. Within this towre was the kyng of England with 
two hundred speares, who yssued out with their swerdes and 
axes in their handes, cryeng Manny, Manny, to the rescue ; 
what weneth the Frenchmen with so fewe men to wyn the 
castell of Calays. Than the Frenchmen sawe well that defence 
coude nat avayle theym ; than they yelded themselfe prisoners, 
so that ther were but a fewe hurt : than they were put into 
the same towre in prison. And thenglysshmen yssued out 
of the castell into the towne and mounted on their horses, 
for they had all the Frenche prisoners horses : than tharchers 
rode to Bolayne gate, wher sir Geffray was with his baner 
before hym, of goules, thre skuchens of sylver ; he had great 
desyre to be the first shulde entre into the towne ; he sayd 
to the knyghtes that were about him,Without this Lumbarde 
opyn the gate shortely, we are lyke to dye here for colde. 
In the name of God, sir, said Pepyn de Werre, Lumbardes are 
malycious people and subtyll ; he is nowe lokynge on your 


crownes to se if they be all good or nat, and to reken if CAP. CLI 
he have his hole somme or no. Therewith the kynge of Of the 
Englande and the prince his sonne was redy at the gate, batayle at 
under the baner of \ sir Gaultier of Manny, with dy vers Malays, 
other baners, as the erle Staffbrde, the erle of SufFolke, the 
lorde John Montagu, brother to therle of Salysbury, the 
lorde Beachame, the lorde Bercle, and the lorde Dalawarre: 
all these were lordes and had baners ; there were no mo in 
that journey. Than the great gate was set open and they 
all yssued out : whane the Frenchmen sawe them yssue, 
and herde them cry Manny to the rescue, they knewe well 
they were betrayed. Than sir GefFray sayd to his company, 
Sirs, if we fly we are clene lost ; yet wer we better to fight 
with a gode herte, in truste the journey shall be ours. The 
Englysshmen herd these wordes and sayd. By saynt George 
ye say trewely, shame have he that flyeth. The Frenchmen 
alighted a fote and put their horses fro them and ordred 
themself in batayle. Whan the kyng sawe that he stode 
sty 11 and sayd. Let us order our selfe to fight, for our 
ennemyes woll abyde us. The kynge sende part of his 
company to Newland bridge, for he herde say ther were 
a great nombre of Frenchmen. Than thyder went a sixe 
baners and thre hundred archers ; and there they founde 
the lorde Monau of Frenes^ and the lorde of Creques^ kepyng 1 Moreau de 
the bridge ; and bytwene the bridge and Calays ther were ■^*«'^^es. 
many crosbowes of saynt Omers and Ayre, so there was a ^ ^^^^^ecgwcs. 
sore fray, and slayne and drowned mo than sixe hundred 
Frenchmen, for they were soone discomfitted and chased into 
the water. This was erly in the mornyng, but incontynent 
it was day : the Frenchmen kept their grounde a whyle, and 
many feates of armes there done on bothe partes ; but the 
Englysshmen ever encreased by commyng out of Calays and 
the Frenchmen abated. Than the Frenchmen sawe well 
they coulde nat longe kepe the bridge; than suche as had their 
horses by them mounted and shewed their horses heles, and 
thenglysshmen after them in chase ; there was many a man 
overthrowen. They that were well horsed saved themselfe, 
as the lorde Frenes, the lorde Creques, the lorde of Sempy, 
the lorde of Louchinleych,' and the lorde of Namure ;* many 3 Longviilers. 
were taken by their owne outrage that might have hen* Mametz. 



CAP. CLI saved if they had lyst. Whane it was fayre day that 
Of the every man myght knowe other, than some of the French 
batayle at knyghtes and squyres assembled togyder agayne, and turned 
Calays. g^^^j fought feersly with the Englysshmen, so that ther were 
some of the Frenchmen that toke good prisoners, wherby 
they had bothe honour and profet. 

Nowe let us speke of the kyng, who was ther unknowen of 
his ennemyes, under the banner of sir Gaultyer of Manny, 
and was a fote among his men to seke his ennemyes, who 
stode close togyder with their speares a v. fote long. At 
the first meatyng there was a sore rencountre, and the 
kyng light on the lorde Eustace of Rybemount, who was a 
stronge and a hardy knight ; there was a long fyght bytwene 
hym and the king, that it was joy to beholde them ; at last 
they were put a sondre, for a great company of bothe parties 
came the same way and fought there feersly togyder. The 
Frenchmen dyd ther right valyantly, but specially the lorde 
Eustace of Ribamont who strake the kyng the same day two 
tymes on his knees, but finally the kynge hymself toke hym 
prisoner, and so he yelded his swerde to the kyng (and sayd) 
Sir knyght, I yelde me as your prisoner ; he knewe nat as 
than that it was the kyng. And so the journey was for 
the kyng of England ; and all that wer ther with sir GefFray 
slayne or taken : ther was slayne sir Henry of Boys, and sir 
Pepyn de la Warre, and sir Geffray taken. Than this 
journey was achyved by Calis, the yere of our Lorde 
M.CCC.lviii. the last day of Decembre towarde the next 


Of a chapelet of perles that the kyng of Englande 
gave to sir Eustace of Rybemont. 

WHAN this batayle was done the kyng returned 
agayne to the castell of Calays, and caused all 
the prisoners to be brought thyder. Than the 
Frenchmen knewe well that the kynge had ben there per- 
sonally hymselfe under the baner of sir Gaultier of Manny. 
The kynge sayd he wolde gyve them all that night a supper 
in the castell of Calys ; the hour of supper came and tables 


coverd, and the kyng and his knyghtes were ther redy every CAP. CLII 

man in newe aparell, and the Frenchmen also wer ther and Of a chapelet 

made good chere, thoughe they were prisoners. The kyng of perles that 

satte downe, and the lordes and knyghtes about hym right ^® ^^^^ °^ 

honorably: the prince, lordes and knyghtes of Englande °g*Q J^j. 

served the kynge at the first messe, and at the seconde Eustace of 

they satte downe at an other table ; they were all well Rybemont. 

served and at great leaser. Thane whan supper was 

done and the tables take away, the kynge taryed styll in 

the hall with his knyghtes and with the Frenchmen, and 

he was bare heeded, savyng a chapelet of fyne perles that 

he ware on his heed. Than the kynge went fro one to 

another of the Frenchmen, and whan he came to sir GefFray 

of Charney, a lytell he changed his countenance and loked 

on hym (and sayd) Sir Geffray, by reason I shulde love you 

butte a lytell, whan ye wolde steale by night fro me that 

thynge which I have so derely bought, and hath cost me so 

moch gode. I am right joyouse and gladde that I have taken 

you with the proffe ; ye wolde have a better market than I 

have had, whan ye thought to have Calys for xx. thousands 

crownes ; but God hath holpen me, and ye have fayled of 

your purpose ; and therwith the kyng went fro him, and he 

gave never a worde to answere. Than the kynge came to sir 

Eustace of Rybamont, and joyously to hym he said, Sir 

Eustace, ye are the knyght in the worlde that I have sene 

moost valyant assayle his ennemyes and defende hymselfe, 

nor I never founde knyght that ever gave me so moche ado, 

body to body, as ye have done this day ; wherfore I gyve 

you the price above all the knyghtes of my court by right 

sentence. Than the kyng toke the chapelet that was upon 

his heed, beyng bothe fayre, goodly and ryche, and sayd, 

Sir Eustace, I gyve you this chapelet for the best doar in 

armes in this journey past of eyther party ; and I desyre 

you to here it this yere for the love of me. I knowe well 

ye be fresshe and amorouse, and often tymes be among 

ladyes and damoselles ; say whersoever ye come that I dyd 

gyve it you, and I quyte you your prison and ransome, 

and ye shall depart to morowe, if it please you. 

The same yere a thousande thre hundred xlix. kynge 
Philyppe of Fraunce wedded his seconde wyfe the Wednisday 




Of a chapelet 
of perles that 
the kyng of 
gave to sir 
Eustace of 



the xxix. day of January, dame Blanche, doughter to kynge 
Philyppe of Naverre who dyed in Spayne ; she was of the 
age of eyghtene yere or there about. Also the nynetene day 
of February next after in the begynning of Lent, the duke of 
Normandy, the kynges eldest sonne, wedded his seconde 
wyfe at saynt Genevefe nere to saynt Germayne in Lay, 
Jane, countesse of Bolayne, somtyme wyfe to the lorde 
Phylyppe, sonne to the duke Eudos of Burgoyne ; the 
which lorde Philyppe dyed before Aguyllone a thre yere 
before that. She was doughter of the erle Wyllyam of 
Bolayne and of the doughter of Loyes, erle of Evreux : 
this lady helde in her handes the duchy of Burgoyne, and 
the countesse of Arthoyes, Bolayne, Auvergne, and dyverse 
other landes. 


Of the dethe of kynge Philyppe of France, and of 
the coronacyon of his sonne John. 

IN the yere of our Lorde God M.CCC.l. at the beginyng 
of August, sir Raoll of Caours and dyverse other 
knyghtes and squyers to the nombre of sixscore men 
of armes, fought before a castell called Auleon, with a 
capitayne of the kynge of Englandes in Bretayne, called 
sir Thomas Dangorne ; ^ and the same sir Thomas ther slayn, 
and to the nombre of a C. men of armes with hym. The 
same yere the xxii. day of August, king Philyppe dyed at 
Nogeunt and was caryed to our ladyes church in Parys; 
and the Thursday after he was buryed at saynt Denyse on 
the lyft hande of the hygh auter, and his bowelles were 
buryed at the Jacopyns in Parys, and his hert at Bour- 
fontayne in Valoys. The xxvi. day of Septembre next 
ensuynge, on a Sonday, was sacred and crowned at Reyns 
kynge John, eldest son to kyng Pliilyp ; and the same day 
the queue also was crowned. And ther the kyng made cer- 
tayne knyghtes : his eldest son dolphyn of Vyen and Loys 
his seconde son erle of Alanson, the erle of Stampes, the 
lorde John of Arthoys, the duke Philyppe of Orlyaunce, 
brother to the kyng, the duke of Burgoyne, son to the 
quene by her first husbande, the lorde Philyp of Burgoyn, 


therle Dammartyn, and dyvers other. And the Monday after CAP. CLIII 
the kyng departed and went to Parys by Laon, Soyssons, Of the dethe 
and Senlys; and the kynge and quene entred into Parys in of kynge 
great tryumphe the xvii. day of Octobre, and there kept a P^ilyppe of 
great feest the hole weke; and the kyng taryed ther at ^^^^^' 
Neele and at his palys tyll it was saynt Marty ns tyde, and 
there made ordynaunce for his parlyament. The Tuesday 
the xvi. day of Novembre, RafFe, erle of Ewe and of Guynes, 
constable of France, who was newly come out of prison in 
England, was taken in the kynges house at Neele, in Parys, 
wher the kyng was, by the provost of Parys at the kynges 
commaundement, and in the same house he was put in prison 
tyll the Thursday after, and about the hour of matyns the same 
day he was beheeded in prison, in the presence of the duke of 
Burbon, the erle Armynake, the erle of Monford, the lorde 
John of Bolayne, therle of Revell and dyvers other knyghtes, 
who were there present by the commaundement of the kyng 
who was at his palays. This constable was beheeded for high 
treasons, the which he confessed to the duke of Athenes and to 
dyvers other ; he was buryed in the Augustyns in Parys, with- 
out the walles of the church by the apoyntment of the kyng, 
for honour of the frendes of the sayd constable. In the moneth 
of January folowynge, Charles of Spayne to whom the kyng 
had gyven the countie of Angolen, was than made constable 
of France. The first day of Aprill next after, the lorde 
Guy of Neell, marshall of Fraunce, fought in Xaynton with 
dyvers Englysshmen and Gascoyns ; and the sayde marshall 
and his men were there dysconfited, and the marshall taken 
prisoner, and the lorde Wyllyam his brother, the lorde 
Arnolde Dandrehen and dyvers other. On Good Friday, 
the X. day of Aprill, the yere of our Lorde was 
presented a reed hatte to Gyles Rygalt of Roussy who was 
abbot of saynt Denyce, and was made cardynall in the 
palais of Parys in the presence of the kyng, by the byshoppe 
of Laon and Parys, by authorite of a bull fro the pope the 
which hadde nat been acustomed ther before. In Septembre, 
after the Frenchmen recovered the towne of saynt John 
Dangle, the which thenglysshmen had kept fyve yere, it was 
delyverd up by thenglysshmen bycause they had nothyng 
to lyve by, without any maner of batayle. In the moneth of 




of kynge 
Philyppe of 

CAP. CLIII Octobre was publysshed the fraternyte of the noble house of 
Of the dethe saynt Ouen ner to Parys ; and all suche as were bretherne 
ther bare a starre on his bonet and on his mantell before. 
This yere was the grettest darth that any man lyveng coude 
remembre throughout all France ; for a ceptyer of whete 
was worthe at Parys viii. li. parisien, and a septier of otes 
at Ix. s. of parays, for a busshell of pees viii. s. and other 
grenes there after. In the same moneth of Octobre, the 
same day that the fraternyte of saynt Owen was celebrate, 
thenglysshmen toke the towne of Guynes for all the truse : 
the same yer ther was a maryage made bytwene the constable 
of France and the doughter of sir Charles de Bloves. 

1 Brunswick. 
Boesme P. 


Howe the kyng of Naver made sir Charles of 
Spaygne constable of France to be slayne. 

IN the yere of our Lorde M.CCC.lii. in the vygill of our 
Lady, in the myddes of august, the lord Guy of Neell, 
lorde of OfFemont as than marsh all of France, in 
Bretayne was slayne in bataile, the lorde of Briquebeke, the 
cathelayne of Beauwayes and dyvers other nobles, as well 
of Bretayne as of other marches of France. The iiii. day 
of Septembre shulde a fought in Parys, the duke of Bresvic ^ 
agayne the duke of Lancastre for certayne wordes that he 
shulde say of the duke of Bresvic, the which duke apealed 
hym in the court of France : these two dukes came into 
the felde all armed, in a lystes made for the sayd duke 
of Almayne, chalenger, and for the duke of Englande, 
defender. And though thenglysshmen wer enemyes to the 
French kyng, and that thenglyssh duke came thyder under 
save conduct to fight in the defence of his honour, yet the 
Frenche kynge wold nat suffre them to fight, for assone as 
they had made their othes in such case requysite, and were 
on their horses redy with their speares in their handes, than 
the kyng toke on hym the mater, and dyd set them in acorde 
and grement. The vi. day of Decembre folowyng, pope 
Clement the vi. dyed at Avygnon, the xi. yere of his ponti- 
ficate ; and the xi. day of the same moneth, about the hour 


of thre, was chosen pope a cardynall of Lymosyn, called CAP. CLIIII 

by his tytle the cardynall of Ostie : but bycause he was Howe the 

bysshoppe of Cleremont he was called most commonly the kyng of 

cardynall of Cleremont ; and whan he was chosen pope, he ^^^^ made 

IT ii* Oil Sir i_/iidrl6S 

was named Innocent ; his owne proper name was otephyn ^f Spayme 

Aubert. The yere of our Lorde M. iii. C. liii. the viii. day of to be slayne. 
January, an one after the brekynge of the day in the morn- 
yng, the kyng Charles of Never, erle of Evreux, caused to 
be slayne in the towne of the Egle in Normandy, in an 
hostre, the lorde Charles of Spayne, constable of France, in 
his bedde, by certayne men of armes that he sent to do that 
dede, and hymselfe abode without the towne tyll they had 
done and retourned agayne to hym ; and as it was sayde, 
with hym was the lorde Philyppe of Naver, his brother, 
and the lorde Loys of Harcourt, the lorde Godfray of 
Harcourt his uncle and dyvers other knyghtes and squyers, 
as well of Normandy as of Naver. Than the kynge of Naver 
and his company went to the cyte of Devreux, wherof he 
was erle, and fortifyed the towne ; and with hym also ther 
was the lorde of Maule, John Malet lorde of Gravyll, the 
lorde Almorie of Mulent, and dyvers other nobles of Nor- 
mandy. And thane the kyng of Naver went to the towne 
of Mant, and he had sent dyvers letters into divers gode 
townes of France, howe that he had put to deth the 
constable for dyvers great trespaces by him commytted, 
and he sent the erle of Namure to the French kyng to Parys, 
to excuse hym. Than the kynge sende to Mant, the cardynall 
of Bolayne, the bysshoppe of Laon, the duke of Burbon, the 
erle of Vaudone and other to treat with the kyng of Naverr. 
For though he had caused to dye the constable of France, yet 
he thought he shulde nat clene lese the favour of the Frenche 
kyng, whose doughter he had maryed ; therfore he made re- 
quest of pardon to the kyng. It was thought in the realme 
of Fraunce that great warre shulde ensewe bytwene these 
two kynges : for the kyng of Naver had made great assembles 
of men of warre in dyvers regions, and fortifyed his townes 
and castels ; finally, there was agrement made bytwene 
these two kynges upon certayne condycions, wherof part 
foloweth herafter : that is to say, the French kyng shall 
delyver to the kyng of Naver, xxxviii. M. li. tornois of 
XX 345 



Howe the 
kyng of 
Naver made 
sir Charles 
of Spaygne 
to be slayne. 


lande, as well for certeyn rent that the kyng of Naver had 
out yerely of the tresur in Pares, as upon other landes that 
the Frenche kyng ought to assigne hym by certeyne treates 
graunted long before bytwene their predecessors, bycause of 
the countie of Champayne ; and also for the maryage of the 
kynge of Naver for maryeng of the kynges doughter, at 
which mariage he was promysed great landes, that is to say, 
xii. M. li. of land. Also the kyng of Naver wolde have the 
countie of Bearaont le Roger, the land of Bretuell, in Nor- 
mandy, Conches and Dorbec, the vycount of Pontheu by 
the see, and the bayllage of Constantyne, the which thynges 
were agreed unto by the French kyng. Howbeit, the countie 
of Beamont, and the landes of Conches, Bertuell and Dor- 
bec parteyned to the lorde Philyp, duke of Orleance, brother 
to the French kyng, who gave hym other landes in recom- 
pence therof. Also it was agreed, that the lordes of Harcom-t 
and all his other alyes shuld holde of him for all their landes 
wher soever they were in France, if they lyst, or els nat : also 
it was agreed, that he shuld holde styll all the sayd landes, 
besyde them that he helde before in parie, and if he lyst, 
to kepe his escheker two tymes in the yere, as nobly as ever 
dyd any duke of Normandy. Also the French kynge to pardon 
the deth of the constable and all suche as were consentyng 
therto, and to promyse by his oth, never to do any hurt or 
dammage to any person for that occasion : and also the kyng 
of Naverr to have a great some of money of the French kyng; 
and ar the kyng of Naver wolde come to Parys, he wolde 
have in hostage the erle of Aniowe, seconde son to the kyng. 
Than he came to Pares with a great nombre of men of 
armes, and the iiii. day of March he came into the parlya- 
ment chambre wher the kyng satte and dyvers of the peres 
of the realme with him and his counsell. Ther was the 
cardynall of Bolayne : ther the kyng of Naver desyred the 
French kyng to pardon hym the deth of the constable of 
France, sayeng, how he had gode cause so to do, the which 
he ofFred ther to prove or els to be at the kynges pleasure ; 
and also he sayd and sware, that he dyd it nat for no grudge 
to the kyng nor in dispyte of his ofFyce ; sayeng also, howe 
ther was nothyng so grevous to him as to be in the dis- 
pleasur with the kyng. Than the lorde Jaques of Burbone, 


as than constable by the kynges commaundement, sette his CAP. CLIIIl 
handes on the kynge of Naver, and caused hym to go abacke Howe the 
out of the kynges presens. Than quene Jane, and quene kyng of 
Blanche, suster to the kynge of Naver, the which Jane had . ^^ T^ 
ben wyfe to kyng Philyppe last deed, came to the Frenche ^f spavene 
kyng and kneled downe, and the lorde Reynold Detrey with to be s'layne. 
them, and he sayd, My right redouted soveraygne lorde, 
beholde here these two ladyes, and quenes Jane and Blanche: 
sir, they understande howe the kyng of Naver is in your dis- 
pleasur, wherof they be sorie and requyre you to forgyve 
hym your yvell wyll, and by the grace of God he shall so 
bere hymselfe fro hens forwarde, that you and all the people 
of France shal be pleased with hym. Than the constables 
and the marshalles went agayne for the kyng of Naver, and 
so brought hym into the kynges presence, and ther he stode 
bytwene the two quenes : than the cardynall sayd. Sir, kyng 
of Naver, the kyng my maister is nat well content with you 
for the dede that ye have done it nede nat to be rehersed, 
for ye have publysshed it yourselfe by youre owne writyng 
so that every man doth knowe it : ye ar so bounde to the 
kyng, that ye ought nat thus to have done : ye be of 
his blode so nere as every man knoweth, that ye ought 
to holde of hym, and also ye have wedded his doughter, 
wherefore your trespasse is the greatter ; howebeit, at the 
instaunce and love of these ladyes the quenes, who hath 
eiFectuously requyred for you, and also the kyng thynketh 
that ye dyde it without great advysement and by small coun- 
sayle, therfore the kyng pardoneth you with good hert and 
wyll. Than the two quenes and the kynge of Naver 
kneled downe and thanked the kynge. Than the cardynall 
sayd agayne. Let every man fro hensforthe beware, though 
he be of the kynges lynage, to do any suche lyke dede, for 
surely though he be the kynges sonne, if he do any suche to 
the leest ofFycer parteyning to the kyng, he shall abyde the 
justyce of the realme in that case. Than the court breke up, 
and so every man departed. The xxi. day of Marche, a 
knyght baneret of the lowe marchesse called sir Reynolde 
of Presigny, lorde of Maraunt besyde Rochell, was drawen 
and hanged on the gybbette by judgement of the parlya- 
ment and by the kynges counsayle. The yere of our Lorde 




Howe the 

kyng of 
Naver made 
sir Charles 
of Spaygne 
to be slayne. 


God M.CCC.liiii. in the moneth of August, the erle of 
Harcourt and sir Loyes his brother counsayled with the 
Frenche kyng, and as it was sayde, they shewed the kyng 
all the mater of the dethe of the constable. And in Sep- 
tembre the cardynall of Bolayne went to Avygnon ; some 
sayd the kyng was dyspleased with hym ; howebeit, the 
space of a yere that he had ben in France, he was as prevy 
with the kynge as any other. The same season there went 
out of the realme of France, the lorde Robert de Lorris, 
chamberlayne with the kyng : and if the kyng had takyn 
hym in his yre, some thought it shulde have cost hym his 
lyfe, bycause it was noysed that he had shewed to the 
kynge of Naverre certayne secretes of the Frenche kyng, in 
likewyse as the lordes of Harecourt had shewed the kyng of 
Navers secretes to the Frenche kyng. In the moneth of 
Novembre the kyng of Naver went out of Normandy without 
knowledge of the French kyng, and sported hym in dyvers 
places tyll he came to Avygnon. And in the same moneth, 
the archebysshop of Rowan, chanceler of Fraunce, the duke 
of Burbone, and dyvers other Englysshe lordes wente to 
Avygnon to the pope, to treat for a peace bytwene the 
kynges of England and of France : and also the same moneth, 
the Frenche kyng went into Normandy to Cane, and toke 
in his handes all the landes of the kynge of Navers, and set 
in his offycers in every towne and castell except sixe, that 
is to say, Evreux, Pontheu, Chirburge, Gavrey, Avranges, 
and Mortaygne; these wolde nat yelde up for ther were 
Naveroys within them that answered and sayd they wolde 
nat delyver up their townes and castels but all onely to the 
kynge of Naver their lorde, who had sette them there. In 
the moneth of January, by save conduct, came the lorde 
Robert de Lorris to the Frenche kyng, and was a xv. dayes 
at Parys, or he coude speke with the kyng : and whan he had 
spoken with hym, yet he was nat reconsyled at the full, but 
returned agayne into Avygnon by the ordynance of the 
kynges counsell, to be as one of them that were ther for 
the treaty bytwene Englande and France. In the ende of 
February tidynges came howe trewse was taken bytwene 
the sayde two kynges, to endure to the feest of saynt John 
Baptyst ; and in the mean tyme, the pope to do what he 


myght to make a further peace : and therfore he sende CAP. CLIIII 
messangers to bothe kynges, that they shulde sende further Howe the 
authorite by their embassadours, to conclude on another ^Y^S of 
maner of peace. The same moneth, the Frenche kyng -^^^ ""1 
made newe money of fyne golde, called florence of the lambe, of Spaygne 
for in the pyell there was gravyn a lambe ; lii. of theym to be slayne. 
went to a marke weyght, and after they were made, the 
kynge made xlviii. to goo for a marke weyght, and the 
course of all other florens was prohibyted. The same 
moneth, sir Grancher de Lore came to Parys to speke with 
the kynge as messanger fro the kyng of Naver, and he 
retourned agayne in February and bare with hym a letter 
of save conduct to the kyng of Naver, The same yere 
about Lent came dyvers Englysshmen nere to the towne of 
Nauntes in Bretayne, and entred into the castell by scalyng, 
a lii. ; but sir Guy of Rochfort, who was captayn and was 
as than in the towne, he dyd so moche with assaut that 
the same nyght he wanne the castell agayne, and all 
thenglysshmen taken and slayne. At Easter the yere of our 
Lorde kyng Johan of France sent into Normandy 
his eldest son Charles, dolphyn of Vienoys, to be his 
lieutenant ther, and there he taryed all that somer, and the 
men of the contre graunted hym iii. M. men of armes for 
thre monethes. Also in the moneth of August, the kyng 
of Naver came out of Naver to the castell of Chierburge in 
Constantyne, and with hym a x. M. men of warr one and 
other. Ther were dyvers treates communed of, bytwene the 
kyng of Naver and the Frenche kyng : but suche as were in 
the castell of Evrux and Pontheau robbed and pylled the 
countre all about ; and some of them came to the castell of 
Conches, the whiche was as than in the French handes and 
wan it, and newe fortifyed it; many thynges dyde the 
Naveroys agaynst the Frenchmen ; finally, the ii. kynges 
were agreed. Than the kyng of Naver went to the castell 
of Vernell to the dolphyne, and he brought the kyng of 
Naver to Parys : and the xxiiii. day of Septembre, the kyng 
of Naver and the dolphyn came to the Frenche kyng to the 
castell of Lour ; than the kyng of Naverr made his rever- 
ence and excused hymselfe honorably, in that he departed 
out of the realme of France ; and also he sayd it was shewed 




Howe the 
kyng of 
Naver made 
sir Charles 
of Spaygne 
to be slayne. 

CAP. CLHII hym how the kyng shulde nat be well content with hym. 
Than the Frenche kynge desyred hym to shewe what they 
were that had made that report ; than he answered, that 
syth the deth of the constable, he had don nothyng agaynst 
the French kyng but as a true man ought to have done : 
howebeit, he desyred the French kyng to pardon every 
thyng, promysynge to be true as he ought to be to his 
father and chiefe lorde. Thane the duke of Athenes sayde 
in kynges behalfe, the kynge doth pardon hym all thynges 
with a good hert. 


Of an inposycion and gabell ordayned in Fraunce 
by the thre estates for the feates of the warres. 

A LSO in the yere of oure Lorde in the moneth 
l\ of Octobre, the prince of Wales, eldest son to the 
J^ .V. kyng of England, went into Gascoyne and went 
nere to Tholouz, and so paste the ryver of Garon and went 
into Carcassone and brent the borowe, but the cytie was 
well defended ; and fro thens he went to Narbon, brennyng 
and exilynge the contrey : and in the moneth of Novembre, 
he retourned to Burdeux with great pyllage and many 
prisoners for no man resysted hym. And yet in the contrey 
was therle of Armynake, lieutenant to the French kyng in 
Languedocke, and also the lorde of Foitx, the lorde Jaques 
of Burbon, the lorde of Pontheu, the constable of France, 
and the lorde John of Cleremont, marshall of Fraunce, and 
a farre gretter company than the prince had. The same 
yere, in the ende of Octobre, the kyng of England came to 
Calys, and he rode with a great boost to Hedyn and brake 
the parke ther, and brent the house within, and about the 
parke, but he entred nat into the town nor castell. And 
the Frenche kyng, who had made his assemble at the 
cytie of Amyens heryng of the kyng of Englande rode 
towarde hym ; but the kyng of England was returnyng to 
Calys, and the French kyng folowed hym tyll he came to 
saynt Omers, and than he send his marshall Dauthayne, 
and dyvers o^er, to the kyng of England, offeryng to fight 



body to body or power to power, what day soever he wold CAP. CLV 
apoynt. But the kyng of England refused that batayle, Of an in- 
and so retourned agayn into England, and the Frenche posycion 
kyng to Parys. a°d gabell 

The same yere, about the feest of saynt Andrue, there ^^ pj^nce 
was assembled at Pares, by the kynges commaundement, the 
prelates of France, the barownes and the counsayls of the 
good townes ; and ther the chanceler of France, in the parlya- 
ment chambre, resyted the state of the warres of France, 
desyring them therupon to take advyce what ayd might be 
gyven to the kyng to mentayne and defende the sayd warres, 
and also he sayde, it is come to the kynges knowledge howe 
that his subgettes ar sore greved, by reason of the mutacyon 
of the moneys ; therfore the kyng offereth to make gode 
money and durable, so that they wolde graunt hym suffi- 
cient ayde to mentayne his warres. They answered, that is 
to say the clergy, by the mouth of the archbysshop of 
Reyns, the nobles, by the duke of Athenes, and the good 
townes, by the mouth of Stephyn Marcell, provost of the 
marchantes of Parys ; all they sayde they were redy to lyve 
and dye with the kynge, and put their bodyes and goodes 
into his servyce, requyring to have deliberacyon to speke 
togyder : the which was graunted them. The same yere, the 
vigyll of the Concepcion of our Lady, the kyng gave the 
duchy of Normandy to Charles, dolphyn of Vienoys, his 
eldest son, and the next day he made his homage. After 
the delyberacyon taken by the thre estates, they answered 
to the kyng in the parlyament chambre, by the mouthes of 
the sayde thre persons, howe they wolde fynde hym for 
one yer xxx. M. men at their costes and charge : the finance 
to pay the wages of so many men of warre was estemed 
to 1. M. li. parisien. And the thre estates ordenid this 
some to be levyed of every person and of every estate, men 
of the church, nobles, and other every man viii. d. parisien 
of every pounde, and that the gabell of salt shulde ron 
through the realme ; but bycause they were nat in certajme 
if this inposicyon and gabell shulde sufFyce, therfore it was 
ordayned that the thre states shulde retourne agayne to 
Parys to se and knowe if this inposicyon wolde serve or no, 
the first day of March. At the which day, thyder agayne 




Of an in- 
and gabell 
in Frannce. 


they came all, except certayne of the great townes of Picardy 
and Normandy, and some nobles of the same. Such as were 
at the inposicion makyng came thyder, and they founde 
that the first graunt wolde nat suffyce to reyse the sayde 
some ; wherfore they ordayned a newe subsedy, that is to 
say, that every person of the blode royall, or otherwyse, 
clerke, lay, relygious or relygious, except and nat except, 
householders, curates of churches havyng rentes or revenewes, 
offices or adminystracyon, women, wydowes, chyldren maryed 
or natte maryed, havyng any thynge of their owne or in 
any others kepynge, none age or admynistracion ; and all 
other of every estate, authorite or privylege, that they as 
than used, or have used in tyme past, if it be C. li. of 
revenues or under, if it be for terme of lyfe in herytage, 
in plege, or by meanes of office, or pencion, duryng lyfe, or 
at wyll, shall pay to his ayde and subsidy of every iiii. li. 
xl. souces ; and of x. li. of revenues or above, xx. souces. 
Labourers and workemen lyveng by their labour shall pay 
x. souces ; servantes, prentyses, lyveng by their servyces, 
takyng C. s. by yere or more, shall in likewyse pay x. s. 
taking these moneys after the rate of Parys money in that 
countre, and at Tourney for the money currant in that 
partes. And if servantes have nat by yere but C. s. or 
under, they shall pay nothing, without they have goodes 
after the rate, than shall they pay as others do. And also 
beggers, monkes, and cloystereus without oifyce or admynis- 
tracyon, nor chyldren beynge in warde, under the age of xv. 
yere, havyng nothyng in their handes, nor noones havynge no 
revenewes above x. li. shall pay nothynge. Nor also women 
maryed bycause their husbandes payeth ; for the value of 
their husbandes shal be rekened as well for that they have 
by their wifes as of their owne. And as for clerkes and 
men of the church, prelates, abbottes, priours, chanons, 
curates and other, as is before sayde, if they be worthe above 
C. li. in revenewes by yere, in benefices of the church, or 
patrimony, or the one with the other, to the some of v. M. li. 
they shall pay iiii. li. for the first C. li. and for every C. li. 
after, tyll ye come to the some of v. M. li. xl. s. nor they 
shall pay nothyng for that they may spende above v. M. li. 
nor for their movables, and the value of their benefyces shal 


be estemed after the rate of their dymes, whan that is pay- CAP. CLV 

able, without any excepcion or privy ledge. And as for noble Of an in- 

men and men of the good townes, that may spende above posycion 

the some of C. li. in revenewes, shall pay tyll they come to *°^ gabell 

the some of v. M. li. for every C. xl. s. besyde iiii. li. of the ^^ pSunce. 

first C. li. and the men of the gode townes in semblable 

maner tyll they come to M. li. of revenues ; and as for the 

movables of the noble men that have nat C. li. of revenewes, 

their movables shal be estemed and rekenyd to the value of 

M. li. and no farther : and other men that have nat iiii. C. 

li. of revenewes, their goodes shal be rekenyd tyll they come 

to iiii. M. li. that is to say, C. li. of movables for x. li. of 

revenues, and after that rate to pay. And if a noble 

man have nat in revenues, but all onely C. li. and in 

movables nat past M. li. or that a noble man hath nat in 

revenues nat past iiii. C. li. nor in movables past iiii. M. 

and if it be part in movables, and part in revenewes, they 

must be estemyd togyder to the some of M. li. for the 

noble men, and to iiii. M. li. to other, and nat above. 

The Saturday the fyft day of Marche, the yere of our 

Lorde M.CCC.lvi. there rose a discencyon bytwene the 

commons of the towne of Arras and the great men of the 

same: and the commons slewe the same day mo than 

xvii. of the chefe personages of the towne ; and on the 

Monday after they slewe other four and banisshed dyvers 

that were nat as than in the towne, and so the commons 

was as than chefe maisters in the towne. 


How the French kynge toke the kyng of Naver and 
beheeded the erle of Harcourt and other at Roan. 

A LSO the Tuesday the v. day of Aprill about the 
/-\ myddes of Lent, the Frenche kyng departed before 
X JL day fro Menevell in harness, accompanyed with a 
CC. speares, amonge the which was therle of Anjowe his 
Sonne, and the duke of Orleance his brother, the lorde John 
de Arthoys, erle of Ewe, the lorde Charles his brother, 
cosyn germayn to the kyng, the erle of Tankervyll, sir 
YY 353 



How the 
kynge toke 
the kyng of 

1 Friquet de 


Arnolde Dandrehen, than marshall of Fraunce, and dyvers 
other to the nombre above sayd. The kyng and they came 
streyght to the castell of Rowan by the posterne and came 
nat in the towne ; and there he founde in the hall at dyner 
with his Sonne the dolphyne, Charles the kyng of Naverr, 
and John erle of Harcourt, and the lordes of Preaux, 
Gravyll, Clere and dyvers other. Ther the French kyng 
caused the kyng of Naver to be taken, therle of Harcourt, 
the lordes of Preaux, of Clere, sir Loys and sir Wylliam of 
Harcourt, bretherne to the erle, the lorde Frequent of 
Fryquant,^ the lorde of Tournbeu, the lorde Maubeu of 
Mamesners, and two squyers, Olyver Doubles, and Johan 
Vaubatou and dyvers other. The kynge put them in prison, 
in dyverse chambers within the same castell, bycause that 
syth the newe reconsyliacion made for the deth of the lorde 
Charles, late constable of Fraunce, the kyng of Naverre had 
ymagined and treated dyvers thynges, to the damage and 
dyshonour of the Frenche kyng and of his realme; and 
therle of Harcourt had spoken injury ous wordes agaynst 
the kyng in the castell of Ruell, where the assemble was to 
conclude for the ayde to be gyven to the kynge, in lettyng 
to his power the same ayd to be graunted. Than the 
Frenche kyng dyned there, and after toke his horse and 
rodde out into a felde behynde the castell, called the felde 
of pardon, and thyder in two cartes was brought therle 
of Harcourt, the lorde Gravylle, the lorde Maubeu, and 
Olyver Doubles, and there all their heedes were stryken of, 
and after all foure drawen to the gybette of Rowan and 
there hanged, and their heedes sette on the gybette. The 
same day and the next day, the Frenche kynge delyvered 
all the other out of prison except thre, that is to say, 
Charles kyng of Naver, who was caryed to Parys, and put 
in prison, in the castell of Loure, and after into the chate- 
lette : and certayne of the Frenche kynges counsell were 
apoynted to kepe him; also Fryquet and Vaubatou were 
put into the same prison. And therfore the lorde Philyppe 
of Naver helde in his handes dyvers castels pertayning to 
his brother, the kyng of Naverre, in Normandy : and, for 
all that the Frenche kynge sende to hym to delyver the same 
castels, yet he refused so to do ; and he and the lorde God- 


fray of Harcourt, assembled togyder dyvers enemys of the CAP. CLVI 
French kynges, and brought them into the contrey of How the 
Constantyne, the which countre they helde and kept fro the French 
Frenche kyng. kynge toke 

The Wednysday after Ester, the yere of our Lorde Naver^^ ° 
God a M.CCC.lvi. sir Arnold Dandrehen, than marshall 
of France went to the towne of Arras, and ther wysely 
without any besynesse of men of warr, he toke mo than a 
hundred prisoners of them of the towne, suche as had made 
the rebellyon ther and slayne dyvers of the chiefe burgesses 
of the towne. And the next day he made xx. of them to be 
beheeded, and the other he kept styll in prison to knows 
the kynges pleasure in that behalfe : and so by that meanes 
the towne was brought into trewe obeysance to the kyng. 
In the moneth of June the duke of Lancastre came into 
Constantyne, and fyll in company with the lorde Philyp of 
Naverr and the lorde Godfray of Harcourt : they were in 
all aboute a foure thousande fyghtyng men.- They rode to 
Lyseux, to Orbec, to Pontheau, and refresshed the castell 
there, the which had ben besieged more than two monethes ; 
but the lorde Robert of Hotetot, maister of the crosbowes 
in Fraunce, who had layne there at sieg with dyvers nobles 
and other departed fro the siege, whan they knewe of the 
commynge of the duke of Lancastre, and left behynde theym 
for hast their engyns and artillary and they of the castell 
toke all. Than the duke of Lancastre, and his company 
rode forthe, robbyng and pyllyng the townes and contrey 
as they passed toward Bretuell, the which they newely 
refresshed. And bycause that they knewe and founde the 
cyte and castell of Evreux to be newely yelded to the 
Frenche kynge, who had longe kept a siege there at, and 
also they sawe howe the cytie was brent and the cathedrall 
churche robbed, as well by the Naveroyse who yelded up 
the castell by composycyon, as by the Frenchemen that lay 
there at the siege, they left it : and than the duke of Lan- 
castre, and the lorde Philyppe of Naverr, went to Vernueyll 
in Perche and toke the towne and castell, and robbed the 
towne and brent a great parte therof. The Frenche kyng 
who had made redy . his assemble, assoone as he herde 
tidynges of the duke of Lancastre, he wente after hym with 




How the 
kynge toke 
the kyng of 

CAP. CLVI a great nombre of men of armes and fotemenne, and folowed 
them to Conde in goynge streyght to the towne of Vern- 
veyll. Thanne the duke and his company went towardes the 
towne of the Egle, and the kynge folowed them tyll he 
came to Tuebufe, a two leages fro the towne of the Egle, 
and than there it was shewed to the kyng howe he coulde 
folowe no farther, for ther were suche forestes that his 
ennemyes myght take hym whan they lyste, soo that he 
shulde do but lese his labour to go any farther after them. 
Than the kyng retourned with all his boost, and went to 
the castell of Thilyers, the whiche was in the handes of 
Navaroes : the kyng toke it, and sette men of warr therin. 
Than the kyng went to the castell of Bretuell, wherin were 
men of the kyng of Navers; there the kyng lay at siege 
the space of two monethes, and than the castell was gyven 
up, and they within went wher they lyst with their goodes 
and lyves saved. 


Of the assemble that the Frenche kyng made to 
fight with the prince of Wales who rode in Berry. 

WHAN the Frenche kynge had made his journey, 
and reconquered townes and castelles in base 
Normandy pertayning as than to the kyng of 
Naverre whome he helde in prisonne, and was gone backe 
to the cytie of Parys, it was nat long after but that he herde 
howe the prince of Wales with a good nombre of men of 
warre was ferre entred into the countrey aprochyng the gode 
contrey of Berry. Than the kyng sayd and sware that he 
wolde ryde and fyght with hym wheresoever he founde hym : 
than the kyng made agayne a specyall assemble of all nobles 
and suche as helde of hym : his commaundement was that 
all maner of excuses layde a parte his letters ones sene, that 
every man, on payne of his dyspleasur shulde drawe and 
mete with hym in the marches of Bloyes and Torayne, for 
the entent to fyght with thenglysshmen. And the kyng to 
make the more hast, departed fro Parys and rode to Chartres, 
to here the better of suretie what thenglysshmen dyd. There 


he rested, and dayly men of warre resorted thyder fro all CAP. CLVII 
partes, as of Auvergne, Berrey, Burgoyne, Lorayne, Hejmault, Of the 
Vermandoyse, Picardy, Bretayne, and Normandy; and ever assemble that 
as they came they were set forward e and made their musters, }~^ Frenche 
and lodged in the countrey, by the assignement of the mar- to fi|ht with 
shalles, the lorde Johan of Cleremont, and the lorde Arnolde the prince 
Dandrehen. The kyng sende also great provisyon to all his of Wales, 
fortresses and garysons in Anjowe, Poyctou, Dumayne, and 
Torayne, and into all the fortresses wher he thought theng- 
lysshmen shulde passe, to the entent to close the passages 
from them and to kepe them fro vitayls, that they shulde 
fynde no forage for them nor their horses. Howe be it for 
all that, the prince and his company who were to the 
nombre of two M. men of armes and six M. archers, rode 
at their ease and had vitayls ynough, for they founde the 
contre of Auverne right plentyfull ; but they wolde nat 
tary ther, but went forthe to make warre on their enemyes. 
They brent and exyled the contrey asmoch as they might, 
for whan they were entred into a towne and founde it well 
replenysshed of all thynges, they taryed ther a two or thre 
dayes to refresshe them ; whan they departed they wolde 
distroy all the resydue, strike out the heedes of the vessels 
of wyne, and bren whete, barly and otes, and all other 
thynges to thyntent that their enemyes shulde have no 
ayde therof. And than they rode forthe and ever founde 
good contres and plentyfull ; for in Berry, Torayne, Anjowe, 
Poyctou, and Mayne is a very plentyfull contre for men of 
warr. Thenglysshmen rode forthe in this maner tyll they 
came to the good cytie of Burges, and ther they made a 
gret skirmyssh at one of the gates : capitayns within were, 
the lorde of Consant, and the lorde Hutyn of Memels, who 
kept the cyte : ther was many feates of armes done. Theng- 
lysshmen departed without any more doyng, and went to 
Issoldon a strong castell, the which was feersly assayled, 
and thyder cam all the hole boost ; howbeit they coud nat 
wyn it, the gentylmen defended it valyantly. Than they 
passed farther and toke their way to Vierron, a great towne 
and a good castell, but it was yvell closed and the peple 
ther nat sufficyent to make defence, therfore it was won 
perforce ; and ther they founde wyne and other vitayls gret 




the French e 
kyng made 
to fight with 
the prince 
of Wales. 

CAP, CLVII plenty, and taryed there thre dayes to refresshe all their 
Of the host; and thyder came tidynges to the prince how the 

assemble that French kyng was at Charters, with a great assemble of men 
of warr, and howe that all the townes and passages 
above the ryver of I^oyre were closed and kept that 
none coude passe the ryver. Than the prince was counselled 
to return e and to passe by Torayne and Poyctou and so 
that way to Bourdeaux. Than the prince toke that way and 
returned : whan they had done with the towne that they 
were in their pleasure, and taken the castell and slayne the 
moost part that were within, than they rode towarde Re- 
morentyne. The French kyng had send into that countrey 
thre great barownes to kepe the fronters there; the lorde 
of Craon, the lorde Boucequaut, and the hermyte of 
Chamont, who with thre C. speres rode into that contrey 
in costyng thenglysshmen, and had folowed them a sixe 
dayes togyder, and coude never fynde avantage to set on 
them, for thenglysshmen rode ever so wysely, that they 
coude nat entre on them on any syde to their advauntage. 
On a day the Frenchmen putte themselfe in a busshement 
nere to Remorentyne, at a marveylous strayte passage by 
the whiche the Englysshmen must nedes passe: the same 
day ther was departed fro the princes bataile, by leave of 
the marshals, the lorde Bartylmewe of Breches, the lorde of 
Musydent Gascoyne, the lorde Petyton Courton, the lorde 
Dalawarre, the lorde Basset, the lorde Danyell Paseler, the 
lorde Rycharde of Pontchardon, the lorde Nowell Lorynch, 
the yong lorde Spencer, Edwarde, and the lorde Dambrety- 
courte with two hundred menne of armes to ronne before 
Remorentyne. They passed foreby the Frenchmens bussh- 
ment and was nat ware of them : assone as they were passed, 
the Frenchmen brake out and came after them feersly ; 
thenglysshmen, who were well forwarde, herde the noyse 
of the horses commynge after them, and parceyved how 
they were their ennemyes. They tourned and stode styll 
and abode the Frenchmen, who came on them with great 
randon, their speares in their restes, and so came ronnyng 
to thenglysshmen, who stode styll and suffred them to passe, 
and there was nat of them past a fyve or six overthrowen at 
that first metyng. Than thenglysshmen dasshed forthe their 


horses after the Frenchemen ; there was a feerse skyrmysshe CAP. CLVII 
and endured long, and many knightes and squyres beaten Of the 
downe on both partes and dyvers taken and rescued agayn, assemble that 
so that a long season no man coulde tell who had the better ; *^® Frenche 
so long they fought that the batayle of thenglysshe mar- t^f fifh^^jth 
shalles aproched. And whan the Frenchmen sawe theym the prince 
comm3mg along by a woode syde, they fledde he that might of Wales, 
best, and toke their wayes to Remorentyne, and the Eng- 
lysshmen in the chase natte sparyng their horses. There 
was a harde batayle, and many a man overthrowen ; howe 
be it the one halfe of the Frenchmen entred into the cas- 
tell ; the thre lordes saved theymselfe, and d3rverse other 
knyghtes and squyers that were well horsed. Howebeit the 
towne was taken at their fyrst commynge, for the French- 
men all entred into the castell. 


Howe the Prince of Wales toke the castell 
of Remorentyne. 

THE prince of Wales herde how his fore ryders were 
a fightyng; than he toke that way and came into 
the towne of Remorentyne, wherin was moche of his 
people studyeng howe they myght get the castell. Than 
the prince commaunded the lord sir John Chandos to go 
and speke with theym of the castell : than sir Johan went to 
the castell gate and made signe to speke with some person 
within. They that kept the watche ther demaunded what 
was his name and who dyd sende hym thyder; he shewed 
them : than sir Boucyquaut and the hermyte of Chamount 
came to the barryers. Whan sir Johan sawe theym he 
saluted them curtesly, and sayde. Sirs, I am sende hyder 
to you fro my lorde the prince, who wyll be ryght courtesse 
unto his ennemyes as me thynketh ; he sayeth, that if ye 
wyll yelde upp this fortresse to hym and yelde your selfe 
prisoners, he wyll receyve you to mercy and kepe you good 
company of armes. The lorde Boucyquaut sayde. We ar 
nat in purpose to putte our selfe in that case ; it were great 
folly, syth we have no need so to do : we thynke to defend e 



CAP. CLVIII our selfe. 

Howe the 
Prince of 
Wales toke 
the castell 
of Remoren- 


So they departed, and the prince lodged there, 
and his men in the towne without at their ease. The next 
day every man was armed and under his baner, and beganne 
to assayle the castell right feersly ; the archers were on the 
dykes, and shotte so holly togyder that none durste scant 
apere at their defences. Some swame over the dykes on 
hordes and other thynges with hokes and pikes in their 
handes, and myned at the walles; and they within cast 
downe great stones and potts with lyme : there was slayne 
on the Englysshe partie a squyer called Remond Derge du 
1 Buch. Lache ; he was of the company of the captall of Beoffes.^ 

This assaut dured all the day without rest; at nyght the 
Englysshmen drewe to their logynges, and so past the nyght ; 
in the mornyng, whan the sonne was rysen the marshals of 
the boost sowned the trumpettes. Than all such as were 
ordayned to gyve the assaut were redy appayrelled, at the 
whiche assaut the prince was personally, and by reason of 
his presence greatly encouraged the Englysshmen ; and nat 
ferre fro hym there was a squyer, called Bernarde, slayne 
with a stonne ; than the prince sware that he wolde nat 
depart thens tyll he had the castell and all them within 
at his pleasure. Than the assaut enforced on every part : 
finally they sawe that by assautes they coulde nat wyn the 
castell, wherfore they ordayned engins to caste in wylde 
fyre into the base court; and so they dyde that all the 
base court was a fyre, so that the fyre multiplyed in such 
wyse that it toke into the coverynge of a great towre covered 
with rede. And whan they within sawe that they must 
other yelde to the wyll of the prince or els peryshe by 
fyre, than all thre lordes came downe and yelded them to 
the prince, and so the prince toke them with hym as his 
prisoners and the castell was left voyde. 




Of the great boost that the Frenche kyng brought 
to the batayle of Poycters. 

A FTER the takyng of the castell of Remorentyne and 
i-k of them that were therin, the prince than and his 
X JL company rode as they dyde before, distroyeng the 
countre aprochyng to Anjowe and to Tourayne. The 
Frenche kyng, who was at Charters, departed and came 
to Bloyes and ther taryed two dayes, and than to Amboyse 
and the next day to Loches ; and than he herde howe that 
the prince was at Towrayne and how that he was retournyng 
by Poyctou : ever the Englysshmen were costed by certayne 
expert knyghtes of France, who alway made report to the 
kyng what the Englysshmen dyd. Than the kynge came to 
the Haye in Towrayne, and his men had passed the ryver of 
Loyre, some at the bridge of Orleance and some at Mehun, 
at Saulmure, at Bloyes, and at Towrs and wher as they 
might ; they were in nomber a xx. thousande men of armes 
besyde other; ther were a xxvi. dukes and erles and mo 
than sixscore baners, and the foure sonnes of the kyng, who 
were but yonge, the duke Charles of Normandy, the lorde 
Loyes, that was fro thensforthe duke of Anjewe, and the 
lorde Johan duke of Berry, and the lorde Philyppe, who was 
after duke of Burgoyne. The same season pope Innocent 
the sixt send the lorde Bertrand, cardynall of Pyergourt 
and the lorde Nycholas, cardynall of the Egle,^ into France, i urgel. 
to treat for a peace bytwene the Frenche kyng and all his 
enemyes ; first bytwene hym and the kyng of Naverr, who 
was in prison : and these cardynalles often tymes spake to 
the kyng for his dely verance duryng the sege at Bretuell, but 
they coude do nothyng in that behalfe. Than the cardynall of 
Pyergourt went to Tours, and ther he herde howe the Frenche 
kynge hasted sore to fynde the Englysshmen; than he rode to 
Poycters, for he herde howe bothe the hoostes drewe thyder- 
ward. The Frenche kyng herde howe the prince hasted 
greatly to retourne, and the kyng feared that he shulde scape 
hym and so departed fro Hay in Tourayne, and all his 
ZZ 361 



CAP. CLIX company, and rode to Chauvygny, wher he taryed that 
Of the great Thursday in the towne and without along by the ryver of 
hoost that the Creuse ; and the next day the kyng passed the ryver at 
Frenche kyng ^^le bridge there, wenyng that the Englysshemen had ben 
the^^tayle before hym, but they were nat. Howe be it they pursued 
ofPoycters. after and passed the bridge that day mo than threscore 
thousand horses, and dyvers other passed at Chastelerault, 
and ever as they passed they tooke theyr way to Poicters. 
On the other syde the prince wyst nat truely where the 
Frenchmen were, but they supposed that they were nat 
farre of, for they coude nat fynde no more forage, wherby 
they had gret faut in their hoost of vitayle, and some of 
them repented that they had distroyed so moch as they 
had done before whan they were in Berry, Anjowe and 
Torayne, and in that they had made no better provision. 
The same Friday thre great lordes of France, the lorde of 
Craon, the lorde Raoull of Coucy and therle of Joigny, 
taryed all day in the towne of Chauvygny, and part of their 
companyes ; the Saturday they passed the bridge and 
folowed the kyng, who was than a thre leages before, and 
tooke the waye amonge busshes without a wode syde to go 
to Poicters. The same Saturdaye the prince and his com- 
pany dysloged fro a lytell vyllage therby, and sent before 
hym certayne currours to se if they myght fynde any adven- 
ture and to here where the Frenchmen were ; they were in 
nombre a threscore men of armes well horsed, and with 
them was the lorde Eustace Dambreticourt, and the lorde 
John of Guystelles : and by adventure the Englysshmen and 
Frenchemen mette togyder by the forsayde wode syde. The 
Frenchmen knewe anone howe they were their ennemyes ; 
than in hast they dyd on their helmyttes and displayed 
their baners and came a great pase towardes thenglyssh- 
men ; they were in nombre a two hundred men of armes. 
Whan the Englysshmen sawe them, and that they were so 
great a nombre, than they determined to flye and let the 
Frenchmen chase them, for they knewe well the prince with 
his hoost was nat farre behynde ; than they tourned their 
horses and toke the corner of the wood, and the Frenchmen 
after theym cryenge their cryes and made great noyse. And 
as they chased, they came on the princes batayle or they 


were ware therof themselfe : the prince taryed ther to have CAP. CLIX 

worde agayne fro them that he send forthe : the lorde Raoll Of the great 

of Coucy with his baner went so farre forward that he was hoost that the 

under the princes baner ; ther was a sore batayle and the ^^^^^^he kyng 

knyght fought valiantly. Howe be it he was there takenne ; the'b^tavle 

and the erle of Wynguy,^ the vycount of Bruce, the lorde of of Poycters. 

Chavygny and all the other takene or slayne, but a fewe ^ , ■ 

that scaped. And by the prisoners the prince knewe howe 

the French kynge folowed hym in suche wyse that he coude 

nat eschue the batayle ; than he assembled togyder all his 

men and commaunded that no man shulde go before the 

marshals baners. Thus the prince rode that Saturday fro 

the mornyng tyll it was agaynst night, so that he came 

within two lytell leages of Poicters : than the captall de 

Buz, sir Aymenon of Punyers, the lorde Bartylmewe of 

Brunes and the lorde Eustace Dambretycourt, all these the 

prince sende forthe to se yf they myght knowe what the 

Frenchmen dyd. These knyghtes departed with two hundred 

men of armes well horsed ; they rodde so farre that they 

sawe the great batayle of the kynges ; they sawe all the 

feldes covered with men of armes. These Englysshmen coud 

nat forbere, but sette on the tayle of the Frenche boost and 

cast downe many to the yerth and toke dyvers prisoners, so 

that the hooste beganne to styre, and tidynges therof came 

to the Frenche kyng as he was entryng into the cytie of 

Poycters. Than he retourned agayne and made all his 

boost do the same, so that Saturday it was very late or he 

was lodged in the felde. Thenglissh currours retourned 

agayne to the prince and shewed hym all that they sawe 

and knewe, and said howe the Frenche boost was a great 

nombre of people. Well, sayde the prince, in the name of 

God lette us now study howe we shall fyght with them at 

our advauntage. That night the Englysshmen lodged in a 

strong place among hedges, vynes and busshes, and their 

boost well watched, and so was the Frenche boost. 




Of the order of the Frenehemen before the 
batayle of Poycters. 

N the Sonday in the mornynge the Frenche kynge, 


who hadde great desyre to fight with the Englyssh- 
men, herd his masse in his pavilyon, and was 
houseled and his foure sonnes with hym. After masse ther 
came to hym the duke of Orleaunce, the duke of Burbon, 
therle of Pontheu, the lorde Jaques of Burbone, the duke of 
Athenes, constable of France, the erle of Tankervyll, the 
^ Sarrebruck. erle of Salebruce,^ the erle of Dammartyne, the erle of 
Vantador, and dyvers other great barownes of France and 
of other neyghbours holdynge of Fraunce, as the lorde 
Cleremont, the lorde Arnolde Dandrehen, marshall of 
France, the lorde of saynt Venont, the lorde John of 
Landas, the lorde Eustace Ribamont, the lorde Fyennes, 
the lorde GeiFray of Chargny, the lord Chatellon, the lorde 
of Suly, the lorde of Neell, sir Robert Duras and dyvers 
other; all these with the kyng went to counsell. Than finally 
hit was ordayned that all maner of men shulde drawe into 
the felde, and every lorde to display his baner and to set 
forth in the name of God and saynt Denice ; than trumpets 
blewe up through the boost and every man mounted on 
horsebacke and went into the felde, wher they sawe the 
kynges baner wave with the wynde. There myght a been 
sene great nobles of fayre harnesse and riche armory of 
baners and penons : for there was all the flowre of France ; 
ther was none durst abyde at home without he wolde be 
shamed for ever. Than it was ordayned by the advyce of 
the constable and marshals to be made thre batayls, and in 
ech warde xvi. M. men of armes all mustred and past for 
men of armes. The first batayle the duke of Orleaunce to 
govern, with xxxvi, baners and twyse as many penons ; the 
seconde, the duke of Normandy and his two bretherne 
the lorde Loys and the lorde John ; the thirde, the kyng 
hymselfe : and whyle that these batayls were settyng in 
aray, the kyng called to hym the lorde Eustace Rybamont, 


the lorde John of Landas and the lorde Richarde of Beawyeu, CAP. CLX 
and sayd to them, Sirs, ryde on before to se the dealyng of Of the order of 
thenglysshmen, and advyse well what nombre they be and t^^ Frenche- 
by what meanes we may fight with theym, other afote or a ^^\ + 1^ of 
horsebacke. These thre knyghtes rode forth and the kynge Poycters. 
was on a wyght courser and sayde a high to his men, Sirs, 
among you whan ye be at Parys, at Chartres, at Roan, or 
at Orleaunce, than ye do thret thenglysshmen, and desyre 
to be in armes out agaynst theym ; nowe ye become therto : 
I shall nowe shewe you them ; nowe shewe forthe your yvell 
wyll that ye here them and reveng your dyspleasurs and . 
damages that they have done you, for without dout we shall V 
fyght with them. Suche as herde hym sayd. Sir, a Godes- 
name so be it, that wolde we se gladly. Therwith the thre 
knyghtes retourned agayne to the kyng, who demaunded of 
them tidynges ; than sir Eustace of Rybamont answered for 
all (and sayde) Sir, we have sene the Englysshmen : by 
estymacion they be two thousande men of armes and four 
thousand archers and a fyftene hundred of other. Howebeit 
they be in a stronge place, and as farre as we can imagyne 
they ar in one batayle ; howbeit they be wysely ordred, 
and alonge the way they have fortifyed strongly the hedges 
and busshes ; one part of their archers are along by 
the hedge, so that none can go nor ryde that way, but 
must pass by them, and that way must ye go and ye 
purpose to fyght with them. In this hedge there is but 
one entre and one yssue by likelyhode that four horsemen 
may ryde a front ; at thende of this hedge, where as no man 
can go nor ryde, there be men of armes afote and archers 
afore them in maner of a herse, so that they woll nat be 
lightely disconfyted. Well, sayd the kyng, what woll ye 
than counsayle us to do. Sir Eustace sayde. Sir, lette us 
all be a fote, except thre hundred men of armes, well horsed, 
of the best in your boost and moost hardyest, to the entent 
they somwhat to breke and to opyn the archers, and thane 
your batayls to folowe on quick ely afote and so to fight 
with their men of armes hand to hande. This is the best 
advyce that I canne gyye you; if any other thynke any 
other waye better, let hym speke. The kyng sayd. Thus 
shall it be done : than the two marshalles rode fro batayle 




Ofthe order of 
the Frenche- 
men before 
the batayle of 

1 Nassau. 

2 Voudenay. 

3 Arnold of 


to batayle and chose out a thre C. knyghtes and squyers 
of the moost expert men of armes of all the hoost, every 
man well armed and horsed. Also it was ordayned that the 
bataylles of Almayns shulde abyde styll on horsebacke to 
confort the marshalles, if nede were, wherof the earle of 
Salesbruce, the erle of Neydo, and the erle of Nosco ^ were 
capitayns. Kynge Johan of France was ther armed, and xx. 
other in his apayrell; and he dyd put the gyding of his 
eldest Sonne to the lorde of saynt Venant, the lorde of 
Landas, and the lorde Thybault of Bodenay : ^ and the 
lorde Reynolde of Quenoll,^ called the archepreest, was 
armed in the armoure of the yong erle of Alanson. 


Howe the cardynall of Pyergourt treated to make 

agrement bytwene the Frenche kyng and the 

prince before the batell of Poycters. 

WHAN the Frenche kynges batayls was ordred and 
every lorde under his banner among their owne 
men, than it was commaunded that every man 
shulde cutte their speres to a fyve fote long and every man 
to put of their spurres. Thus as they were redy to aproche, 
the cardinall of Piergort came in great hast to the king ; he 
came the same mornynge from Poycters ; he kneled downe 
to the kyng and helde up his handes and desyred hym for 
Goddessake a lytell to absteyne settynge forwarde tyll he had 
spoken with hym ; than he sayde. Sir, ye have here all the 
floure of your realme agaynst a handfuU of Englysshmen, as 
to regarde your company : and sir, if ye may have them 
acorded to you without batayle, it shal be more profitable 
and honourable to have theym by that maner rather than 
to adventure so noble chivalry as ye have here present : sir, 
I requyre you in the name of God and humylyte, that I may 
ryde to the prince, and shewe hym what danger ye have hym 
in. The kynge sayd, It pleaseth me well, but retourne agayne 
shortely. The cardynall departed and dilygently he rode 
to the prince, who was among his men afote : than the 
cardynall alighted and came to the prince, who receyved 



hym curtesly. Than the cardynall, after his salutacyon CAP. CLXI 
made, he sayde, Certaynly, fayre son, if you and your Howe the 
counsayle advyse justely the puyssaunce of the Frenche cardynall of 
kynge, ye woll suffre me to treat to make a peace bytwene Py^rgourt 
you and I may. The prince, who was yong and lusty, said, make^affre- 
Sir, the honour of me and of my people saved, I wolde ment bytwene 
gladly fall to any reasonable way. Than the cardynall sayd, the Frenche 
Sir, ye say well, and I shall acorde you and I can ; for it ^yp^ ^^^ *^® 
shulde be great pytie yf so many noble men and other as P^^'^^^* 
be here on bothe parties shulde come togyder by batayle. 
Than the cardynall rode agayne to the kyng (and sayd) Sir, 
ye nede nat to make any great haste to fyght with your 
ennemyes, for they canne nat flye fro you though they wolde, 
they be in suche a ground ; wherfore, sir, I requyre you 
forbere for this day tyll to morowe the son rysinge. The 
kynge was lothe to agree therto, for some of his counsayle 
wolde nat conset to it ; but finally the cardynall shewed 
such reasons, that the kyng acorded that respyte: and in 
the same place there was pyght up a pavilyon of reed sylke 
fresshe and rych, and gave leave for that day every man to 
drawe to their lodgynges, except the constables and mar- 
shalles batayls. That Sonday all the day the cardynall 
traveyled in ridynge fro the one boost to the other gladly 
to agree them ; but the Frenche kynge wolde nat agree 
without he myght have foure of the princypallest of the 
Englysshmen at his pleasure, and the prince and all the 
other to yelde themselfe simply ; howe be it ther were 
many great offers made. The prince offred to rendre into 
the kynges handes all that ever he had wonne in that voyage, 
townes and castels, and to quyte all prisoners that he or 
any of his men had taken in that season, and also to swere 
nat to be armed agaynst the Frenche kyng in sevyn yere 
after ; but the kyng and his counsayle wolde none therof : 
the uttermast that he wolde do was, that the prince and a 
C. of his knyghtes shulde yelde theymselfe into the kynges 
prison, otherwyse he wolde nat ; the whiche the prince 
wolde in no wyse agre unto. In the meane season that 
the cardynall rode thus bytwene the hoostes in trust to do 
some good, certayne knyghtes of France and of Englande 
bothe rode forthe the same Sonday, bycause it was truse 



CAP. CLXI for that day, to cost the hoostes and to beholde the 
Howe the dealyng of their enemy es. So it fortuned that the lorde 
cardynall of John Chandos rode the same day coostyng the French 
Pyergourt host, and in like maner the lorde of Cleremont, one of the 
make affre- Frenche marshalles, had ryden forthe and aviewed the state 
ment bytwene of the Englysshe hoost ; and as these two knyghtes retourned 
the Frenche towardes their hoostes they mette togyder ; eche of theym 
kyng and the \)axQ one maner of devyce, a blewe lady enbraudred in a 
prince. ^^^^^ beame above on their apayrell. Than the lorde 

Cleremont sayd, Chandos, howe long have ye taken on you 
to here my devyce ? Nay, ye here myne, sayd Chandos, for 
it is as well myne as yours. I deny that, sayd Cleremont, 
but and it were nat for the truse this day bytwene us, I 
shulde make it good on you incontynent that ye have no 
right to bere my devyce. A sir, sayd Chandos, ye shall 
fynde me to morowe redy to defend you and to prove by 
feate of armes that it is as well myne as yours. Than 
Cleremont sayd, Chandos, these be well the wordes of you 
Englysshmen, for ye can devyce nothyng of newe, but all 
that ye se is good, and fayre. So they departed without 
any more doyng, and eche of them returned to their hoost. 
The cardynall of Pyergort coude in no wyse that Sonday 
make any agrement bytwene the parties, and whan it was 
nere nyght he returned to Poicters. That night the 
Frenchmen toke their ease : they had provision ynough, 
and the Englysshmen had great defaut; they coude get 
no forage, nor they coude nat depart thense without danger 
of their ennemyes. That Sonday thenglysshmen made great 
dykes and hedges about their archers to be the more 
stronger ; and on the Monday in the mornynge the prince 
and his company were redy apayrelled as they were before, 
and about the sonne rysing in lyke maner were the French- 
men. The same morning be tymes the cardynall came 
agayne to the Frenche hoost and thought by his preachyng 
to pacify the parties ; but than the Frenchmen sayd to 
hym, Retourne whyder ye woll ; bring hyder no mo wordes 
of treaty nor peace ; and ye love yourselfe depart shortely. 
Whan the cardynall sawe that he traveyled in vayne, he 
toke leave of the kyng and than he went to the prince 
and sayd, Sir, do what ye canne, their is no remedy but 



to abyde the batayle, for I can fynde none acorde in the CAP. CLXI 
Frenche kyng. Than the prince sayd, The same is our Howe the 
entent and all our people ; God helpe the right. So the cardynall of 
cardynall retourned to Poycters. In his company there ^^^I^j"/* 
were certayne knyghtes and squyers, men of armes, who make affi-e- 
were more favourable to the Frenche kyng than to the ment bytwene 
prince ; and whan they sawe that the parties shulde fight, the Frenche 
they stale fro their maisters and went to the Frenche boost, ^^."^ ^^^ *^® 
and they made their captayne the catelayne of Ampostre, who ^ 
was as than ther with the cardynall, who knewe nothynge 
therof tyll he was come to Poycters. The certentie of the 
order of the Englysshmen was shewed to the Frenche kyng, 
except they had ordayned thre hundred men a horsebacke, 
and as many archers a horsebacke, to coost under covert of 
the mountayne and to strike into the batayle of the duke of 
Normandy, who was under the mountayne afote. This ordy- 
naunce they had made of newe, that the Frenchmen knewe nat 
of ; the prince was with his batayle downe amonge the vynes, 
and had closed in the wekyst parte with their caryages. Nowe 
wyll I name some of the princypall lordes and knyghtes that 
were ther with the prince : the erle of Warwyke, therle of 
Suffolke, the erle of Salisbury, therle of Stafford, the lorde 
John Chandos, the lorde Richarde Stafford, the lorde Reynold 
Cobham, the lorde Spencer, the lorde James Audeley, the 
lorde Peter his brother, the lorde Bercley, the lorde Basset, 
the lord Waren, the lorde Dalawar, the lorde Maulyne, the 
lorde Wylly,^ the lorde Bartylmewe de Brunes, the lord of 1 WiUoughhy. 
Felton, the lorde Rychard of Pembruge, the lorde Stephyne 
of Constracyon,^ the lorde Braffeton,^ and other Englysshmen : 2 CosingUm. 
and of Gascon, there was the lorde of Prunes, the lorde of' Bradeston. 
Buger,* the captall of Buz, the lorde Johan of Chamont, the 4 iMngoiran. 
lorde Delaspare, the lorde of Rosen, the lorde of Conseu,^ 5 Condom. 
the lorde of Montferant, the lorde of Landuras, the lorde 
Soulech of Lestrade,^ and other that I can nat name : and « Sovdic of 
of Heynowers, the lorde Eustace Dambretycourt, the lorde •^^^«'*- 
John of Guystels, and two other strangers, the lorde 
Danyell Phasell, and the lorde Denyce of Moerbertre.' All 7 Morbeke. 
the princes company past nat an viii. M. men one and